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Sample records for classical nova v2491

  1. V2491 Cyg - a possible recurrent nova ?

    CERN Document Server

    Ragan, E; Tomov, T; Swierczynski, E; Brozek, T; Galan, C; Rozanski, P; Wiecek, M; Wychudzki, P

    2010-01-01

    Nova V2491 Cyg was discovered on April 10.72 UT 2008 (Nakano, 2008). Here we present spectrophotometric premises that V2491 Cyg can be a good candidate for recurrent nova (RNe). Its properties are compared to five well known RNe with red dwarf secondaries (U Sco, V394 Cra, T Pyx, CI Aql, IM Nor) and recently confirmed as recurrent nova V2487 Oph (Pagnotta et al.,2008). Photometric $U, B, V, R_C, I_C$ and moderate resolution (R$\\sim 1500$) spectral observations of V2491 Cyg were carried out in the Torun Observatory (Poland) between April 14 and May 20 2008.

  2. Pre-nova X-ray observations of V2491 Cyg (Nova Cyg 2008b)

    CERN Document Server

    Ibarra, A; Osborne, J P; Page, K; Ness, J U; Saxton, R D; Baumgartner, W; Beckmann, V; Bode, M F; Hernanz, M; Mukai, K; Orio, M; Sala, G; Starrfield, S; Wynn, G A

    2009-01-01

    Classical novae are phenomena caused by explosive hydrogen burning on an accreting white dwarf. So far, only one classical nova has been identified in X-rays before the actual optical outburst occurred (V2487 Oph). The recently discovered nova, V2491 Cyg, is one of the fastest (He/N) novae observed so far. Using archival ROSAT, XMM-Newton and Swift data, we show that V2491 Cyg was a persistent X-ray source during its quiescent time before the optical outburst. We present the X-ray spectral characteristics and derive X-ray fluxes. The pre-outburst X-ray emission is variable, and at least in one observation it shows a very soft X-ray source.

  3. An extensive optical study of V2491 Cyg (Nova Cyg 2008 N.2), from maximum brightness to return to quiescence

    CERN Document Server

    Munari, U; Dallaporta, S; Cherini, G; Valisa, P; Tomasella, L

    2010-01-01

    The photometric and spectroscopic evolution of the He/N and very fast Nova Cyg 2008 N2 (V2491 Cyg) is studied in detail. A primary maximum was reached at V=7.45 +/-0.05 on April 11.37 (+/-0.1) 2008 UT, followed by a smooth decline characterized by t2(V)=4.8 days, and then a second maximum was attained at V=9.49 +/-0.03, 14.5 days after the primary one. This is the only third nova to have displayed a secondary maximum, after V2362 Cyg and V1493 Aql. The development and energetics of the secondary maximum is studied in detail. The smooth decline that followed was accurately monitored until day +144 when the nova was 8.6 mag fainter than maximum brightness, well into its nebular phase, with its line and continuum emissivity declining as t-3. The reddening affecting the nova was E(B-V)=0.23 +/-0.01, and the distance of 14 kpc places the nova at a height above the galactic plane of 1.1 kpc, larger than typical for He/N novae. The expansion velocity of the bulk of ejecta was 2000 km/sec, with complex emission profi...

  4. The classical nova outburst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The classical nova outburst occurs on the white dwarf component in a close binary system. Nova systems are members of the general class of cataclysmic variables and other members of the class are the Dwarf Novae, AM Her variables, Intermediate Polars, Recurrent Novae, and some of the Symbiotic variables. Although multiwavelength observations have already provided important information about all of these systems, in this review I will concentrate on the outbursts of the classical and recurrent novae and refer to other members of the class only when necessary. 140 refs., 1 tab

  5. Rebrightening Phenomenon in Classical Novae

    CERN Document Server

    Kato, Taichi; Maehara, Hiroyuki; Kiyota, Seiichiro

    2009-01-01

    Two classical novae V1493 Aql and V2362 Cyg were known to exhibit unprecedented large-amplitude rebrightening during the late stage of their evolution. We analyzed common properties in these two light curves. We show that these unusual light curves are very well expressed by a combination of power-law decline, omnipresent in fast novae, and exponential brightening. We propose a schematic interpretation of the properties common to these rebrightenings can be a consequence of a shock resulting from a secondary ejection and its breakout in the optically thick nova winds. This interpretation has an advantage in explaining the rapid fading following the rebrightening and the subsequent evolution of the light curve. The exponential rise might reflect emerging light from the shock front, analogous to a radiative precursor in a supernova shock breakout. The consequence of such a shock in the nova wind potentially explains many kinds of unusual phenomena in novae including early-stage variations and potentially dust f...

  6. Nuclear Thermometers for Classical Novae

    CERN Document Server

    Downen, Lori N; José, Jordi; Starrfield, Sumner

    2012-01-01

    Classical novae are stellar explosions occurring in binary systems, consisting of a white dwarf and a main sequence companion. Thermonuclear runaways on the surface of massive white dwarfs, consisting of oxygen and neon, are believed to reach peak temperatures of several hundred million kelvin. These temperatures are strongly correlated with the underlying white dwarf mass. The observational counterparts of such models are likely associated with outbursts that show strong spectral lines of neon in their shells (neon novae). The goals of this work are to investigate how useful elemental abundances are for constraining the peak temperatures achieved during these outbursts and determine how robust "nova thermometers" are with respect to uncertain nuclear physics input. We present updated observed abundances in neon novae and perform a series of hydrodynamic simulations for several white dwarf masses. We find that the most useful thermometers, N/O, N/Al, O/S, S/Al, O/Na, Na/Al, O/P, and P/Al, are those with the s...

  7. NUCLEAR THERMOMETERS FOR CLASSICAL NOVAE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Classical novae are stellar explosions occurring in binary systems, consisting of a white dwarf and a main-sequence companion. Thermonuclear runaways on the surface of massive white dwarfs, consisting of oxygen and neon, are believed to reach peak temperatures of several hundred million kelvin. These temperatures are strongly correlated with the underlying white dwarf mass. The observational counterparts of such models are likely associated with outbursts that show strong spectral lines of neon in their shells (neon novae). The goals of this work are to investigate how useful elemental abundances are for constraining the peak temperatures achieved during these outbursts and determine how robust 'nova thermometers' are with respect to uncertain nuclear physics input. We present updated observed abundances in neon novae and perform a series of hydrodynamic simulations for several white dwarf masses. We find that the most useful thermometers, N/O, N/Al, O/S, S/Al, O/Na, Na/Al, O/P, and P/Al, are those with the steepest monotonic dependence on peak temperature. The sensitivity of these thermometers to thermonuclear reaction rate variations is explored using post-processing nucleosynthesis simulations. The ratios N/O, N/Al, O/Na, and Na/Al are robust, meaning they are minimally affected by uncertain rates. However, their dependence on peak temperature is relatively weak. The ratios O/S, S/Al, O/P, and P/Al reveal strong dependences on temperature and the poorly known 30P(p, γ)31S rate. We compare our model predictions to neon nova observations and obtain the following estimates for the underlying white dwarf masses: 1.34-1.35 M ☉ (V838 Her), 1.18-1.21 M ☉ (V382 Vel), ≤1.3 M ☉ (V693 CrA), ≤1.2 M ☉ (LMC 1990 no. 1), and ≤1.2 M ☉ (QU Vul).

  8. The Outbursts of Classical and Recurrent Novae

    CERN Document Server

    Bode, M F

    2009-01-01

    In this review, I present our current state of knowledge regarding both Classical Nova and Recurrent Nova systems. Two particular objects (V1974 Cyg and RS Oph) are chosen to illustrate the range of phenomena that may be associated with their outbursts. The wider importance of nova research is emphasised and some of the most pressing unsolved problems are summarised.

  9. Observations of classical novae in outburst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over the past 10 years the IUE Satellite has obtained ultraviolet data on a number of novae in outburst and the characteristics of every one of the outbursts have been different. In addition, our group has also obtained optical and infrared data on many of the same novae. In this paper we present the data on three members of the carbon-oxygen class of novae

  10. OGLE Atlas of Classical Novae I. Galactic Bulge Objects

    CERN Document Server

    Mroz, P; Poleski, R; Soszynski, I; Szymanski, M K; Pietrzynski, G; Wyrzykowski, L; Ulaczyk, K; Kozlowski, S; Pietrukowicz, P; Skowron, J

    2015-01-01

    Classical novae eruptions are possible sources of lithium formation and gamma-rays emission. The remnant systems of novae eruptions can also become Type Ia supernovae. The contribution of novae to these phenomena depends on nova rates that are not well established for the Galaxy. Here, we directly measure the Galactic bulge nova rate of $13.9 \\pm 2.6$ yr$^{-1}$. This measurement is much more accurate than any previous measurement of this kind thanks to multiple years of bulge monitoring by the OGLE survey. Our sample consists of 39 novae eruptions, $\\sim$1/3 of which are OGLE-based discoveries. The long-term monitoring allows us to not only measure the nova rate but also to study in detail the light curves of 39 eruptions and over 80 post-nova candidates. We measured orbital periods for 9 post-novae and 9 novae, in 14 cases we procured the first estimates. The OGLE survey is very sensitive to the frequently erupting recurrent novae. We did not found any object similar to M31 2008-12a, which erupts once a year...

  11. Getting to know classical novae with Swift

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, Julian P.

    2015-09-01

    Novae have been reported as transients for more than two thousand years. Their bright optical outbursts are the result of explosive nuclear burning of gas accreted from a binary companion onto a white dwarf. Novae containing a white dwarf close to the Chandrasekhar mass limit and accreting at a high rate are potentially the unknown progenitors of the type Ia supernovae used to measure the acceleration of the Universe. Swift X-ray observations have radically transformed our view of novae by providing dense monitoring throughout the outburst, revealing new phenomena in the super-soft X-rays from the still-burning white dwarf such as early extreme variability and half- to one-minute timescale quasi-periodic oscillations. The distinct evolution of this emission from the harder X-ray emission due to ejecta shocks has been clearly delineated. Soft X-ray observations allow the mass of the white dwarf, the mass burned and the mass ejected to be estimated. In combination with observations at other wavelengths, including the high spectral resolution observations of the large X-ray observatories, high resolution optical and radio imaging, radio monitoring, optical spectroscopy, and the detection of GeV gamma-ray emission from recent novae, models of the explosion have been tested and developed. I review nine novae for which Swift has made a significant impact; these have shown the signature of the components in the interacting binary system in addition to the white dwarf: the re-formed accretion disk, the companion star and its stellar wind.

  12. Getting to know Classical Novae with Swift

    CERN Document Server

    Osborne, Julian P

    2015-01-01

    Novae have been reported as transients for more than two thousand years. Their bright optical outbursts are the result of explosive nuclear burning of gas accreted from a binary companion onto a white dwarf. Novae containing a white dwarf close to the Chandrasekhar mass limit and accreting at a high rate are potentially the unknown progenitors of the type Ia supernovae used to measure the acceleration of the Universe. Swift X-ray observations have radically transformed our view of novae by providing dense monitoring throughout the outburst, revealing new phenomena in the super-soft X-rays from the still-burning white dwarf such as early extreme variability and half- to one-minute timescale quasi-periodic oscillations. The distinct evolution of this emission from the harder X-ray emission due to ejecta shocks has been clearly delineated. Soft X-ray observations allow the mass of the white dwarf, the mass burned and the mass ejected to be estimated. In combination with observations at other wavelengths, includi...

  13. TGRS observations of positron annihilation in classical novae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The TGRS experiment on board the Wind spacecraft has many advantages as a sky monitor--broad field of view (∼2π centered on the south ecliptic pole), long life (1994-present), and stable low background and continuous coverage due to Wind's high altitude high eccentricity orbit. The Ge detector has sufficient energy resolution (3-4 keV at 511 keV) to resolve a cosmic positron annihilation line from the strong background annihilation line from β-decays induced by cosmic ray impacts on the instrument, if the cosmic line is Doppler-shifted by this amount. Such lines (blueshifted) are predicted from nucleosynthesis in classical novae. We have searched the entire TGRS database for 1995-1997 for this line, with negative results. In principle such a search could yield an unbiased upper limit on the highly-uncertain Galactic nova rate. We carefully examined the times around the known nova events during this period, also with negative results. The upper limit on the nova line flux in a 6-hr interval is typically -3photon cm-2 s-1 (4.6σ). We performed the same analysis for times around the outburst of Nova Vel 1999, obtaining a worse limit due to recent degradation of the detector response caused by cosmic ray induced damage

  14. The Dusty Nova: An Examination of Dust Production and Processing in the Ejecta of Classical Novae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helton, L. A.; Evans, A.; Woodward, C. E.; Gehrz, R. D.; Vacca, W.

    2014-12-01

    Classical novae (CNe) are known to frequently produce dust in their ejecta. Infrared observations have revealed that the dust produced can be of a variety of different species, including silicates, amorphous carbon, hydrocarbons, and silicon carbide. Due to their relatively rapid evolution, CNe provide unique laboratories for the examination of the processes of dust condensation, grain growth, and destruction. Here we present analysis of the near- to mid-IR spectra of a number of recent dust forming novae, including V2361 Cyg, V2362 Cyg, and V1280 Sco. We discuss the implications for our understanding of dust formation and processing with particular emphasis on the role of hydrocarbon species.

  15. EXPANDED VERY LARGE ARRAY NOVA PROJECT OBSERVATIONS OF THE CLASSICAL NOVA V1723 AQUILAE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present radio light curves and spectra of the classical nova V1723 Aql obtained with the Expanded Very Large Array (EVLA). This is the first paper to showcase results from the EVLA Nova Project, which comprises a team of observers and theorists utilizing the greatly enhanced sensitivity and frequency coverage of EVLA radio observations, along with observations at other wavelengths, to reach a deeper understanding of the energetics, morphology, and temporal characteristics of nova explosions. Our observations of V1723 Aql span 1-37 GHz in frequency, and we report on data from 14 to 175 days following the time of the nova explosion. The broad frequency coverage and frequent monitoring show that the radio behavior of V1723 Aql does not follow the classic Hubble-flow model of homologous spherically expanding thermal ejecta. The spectra are always at least partially optically thin, and the flux rises on faster timescales than can be reproduced with linear expansion. Therefore, any description of the underlying physical processes must go beyond this simple picture. The unusual spectral properties and light curve evolution might be explained by multiple emitting regions or shocked material. Indeed, X-ray observations from Swift reveal that shocks are likely present.

  16. The awakening of a classical nova from hibernation

    CERN Document Server

    Mroz, P; Pietrukowicz, P; Szymanski, M K; Soszynski, I; Wyrzykowski, L; Poleski, R; Kozlowski, S; Skowron, J; Ulaczyk, K; Skowron, D; Pawlak, M

    2016-01-01

    Cataclysmic variable stars (CVs) are close binary systems consisting of a white dwarf (primary) that is accreting matter from a low-mass companion star (secondary). From time to time such systems undergo large-amplitude brightenings. The most spectacular eruptions, over $10^4$ times in brightness, occur in classical novae and are caused by a thermonuclear runaway on the surface of the white dwarf. Such eruptions are thought to recur on timescales of $10^4-10^6$. In between, the system's properties depend primarily on the mass-transfer rate: if it is lower than a $10^{-9} M_{\\odot}$/year, the accretion becomes unstable and the matter is dumped onto the white dwarf during quasi-periodic dwarf nova outbursts. The hibernation hypothesis predicts that nova eruptions strongly affect the mass-transfer rate, keeping it high for centuries after the event. Subsequently, the mass-transfer rate should significantly decrease for $10^3-10^6$ years, starting the hibernation phase. After that the nova awakes again - with acc...

  17. The γ-ray sources in classical novae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Weichao; Zhu, Chunhua; Wang, Zhaojun; Lü, Guoliang

    2016-08-01

    The interaction between novae ejecta and accretion disks or circumbinary (CB) disks surrounding nova systems based on the diffusive shock acceleration (DSA) mechanism are investigated. Results suggest that interaction between the novae ejecta and CB disks most probably produce γ-rays. Both leptonic and hadronic scenarios can feasibly produce γ-rays in CB disks. A grid is calculated in order to discuss the γ-ray sources in classical novae (CNe), and results indicated that the mass of a white dwarf and the orbit period in CNe can greatly affect the production of γ-rays. According to the proposed grid and synthesis population method, it is estimated that the percentage of CNe that can produce γ-rays ranges from approximately 0.17 % to 51 % for leptonic scenarios when the magnetic field strength in the shock region ranges from 0.005 G to 0.02 G. The occurrence rate of γ-ray CNe ranges from approximately 1 yr^{-1} to 27 yr^{-1} in the galaxy. The corresponding percentage ranges from approximately 64 % to 97 % in hadronic scenarios, while the occurrence rate of γ-ray CNe ranges from approximately 35 yr^{-1} to 52 yr^{-1} in the galaxy.

  18. The Thermonuclear Runaway and the Classical Nova Outburst

    CERN Document Server

    Starrfield, S; Hix, W R

    2016-01-01

    Nova explosions occur on the white dwarf component of a Cataclysmic Variable binary stellar system that is accreting matter lost by its companion. When sufficient material has been accreted by the white dwarf, a thermonuclear runaway occurs and ejects material in what is observed as a Classical Nova explosion. We describe both the recent advances in our understanding of the progress of the outburst and outline some of the puzzles that are still outstanding. We report on the effects of improving both the nuclear reaction rate library and including a modern nuclear reaction network in our one-dimensional, fully implicit, hydrodynamic computer code. In addition, there has been progress in observational studies of Supernovae Ia with implications about the progenitors and we discuss that in this review.

  19. The Thermonuclear Runaway and the Classical Nova Outburst

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starrfield, S.; Iliadis, C.; Hix, W. R.

    2016-05-01

    Nova explosions occur on the white dwarf component of a cataclysmic variable binary stellar system that is accreting matter lost by its companion. When sufficient material has been accreted by the white dwarf, a thermonuclear runaway occurs and ejects material in what is observed as a classical nova explosion. We describe both the recent advances in our understanding of the progress of the outburst and outline some of the puzzles that are still outstanding. We report on the effects of improving both the nuclear reaction rate library and including a modern nuclear reaction network in our one-dimensional, fully implicit, hydrodynamic computer code. In addition, there has been progress in observational studies of supernovae Ia with implications about the progenitors, and we discuss that in this review.

  20. Explosive lithium production in the classical nova V339 Del (Nova Delphini 2013)

    CERN Document Server

    Tajitsu, Akito; Naito, Hiroyuki; Arai, Akir; Aoki, Wako

    2015-01-01

    The origin of lithium (Li) and its production process have long been an unsettled question in cosmology and astrophysics. Candidates environments of Li production events or sites suggested by previous studies include big bang nucleosynthesis, interactions of energetic cosmic rays with interstellar matter, evolved low mass stars, novae, and supernova explosions. Chemical evolution models and observed stellar Li abundances suggest that at least half of the present Li abundance may have been produced in red giants, asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars, and novae. However, no direct evidence for the supply of Li from stellar objects to the Galactic medium has yet been found. Here we report on the detection of highly blue-shifted resonance lines of the singly ionized radioactive isotope of beryllium, $^{7}$Be, in the near ultraviolet (UV) spectra of the classical nova V339 Del (Nova Delphini 2013). Spectra were obtained 38 to 48 days after the explosion. $^{7}$Be decays to form $^{7}$Li within a short time (half-li...

  1. The panchromatic spectroscopic evolution of the classical CO nova V339 Del (Nova Del 2013) until X-ray turnoff

    CERN Document Server

    Shore, S N; Schwarz, G J; Teyssier, F M; Buil, C; Aquino, I De Gennaro; Page, K L; Osborne, J P; Scaringi, S; Starrfield, S; van Winckel, H; Williams, R E; Woodward, C E

    2016-01-01

    Classical novae are the product of thermonuclear runaway-initiated explosions occurring on accreting white dwarfs. V339 Del (Nova Delphinus 2013) was one of the brightest classical novae of the last hundred years. Spectroscopy and photometry are available from $\\gamma$-rays through infrared at stages that have frequently not been well observed. The complete data set is intended to provide a benchmark for comparison with modeling and for understanding more sparsely monitored historical classical and recurrent novae. This paper is the first in the series of reports on the development of the nova. We report here on the early stages of the outburst, through the X-ray active stage. A time sequence of optical, flux calibrated high resolution spectra was obtained with the Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT) using FIES simultaneously, or contemporaneously, with the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) aboard the Hubble Space Telescope during the early stages of the outburst. These were supplemented with MERCATOR/HE...

  2. The spectroscopic evolution of the $\\gamma$-ray emitting classical nova Nova Mon 2012. I. Implications for the ONe subclass of classical novae

    CERN Document Server

    Shore, S N; Schwarz, G J; Augusteijn, T; Cheung, C C; Walter, F M; Starrfield, S

    2013-01-01

    Nova Mon 2012 was the first classical nova to be detected as a high energy $\\gamma$-ray transient, by Fermi-LAT, before its optical discovery. We study a time sequence of high resolution optical echelle spectra (Nordic Optical Telescope) and contemporaneous NOT, STIS UV, and CHIRON echelle spectra (Nov 20/21/22). We use [O III] and H$\\beta$ line fluxs to constrain the properties of the ejecta. We derive the structure from the optical and UV line profiles and compare our measured line fluxes for with predictions using Cloudy with abundances from other ONe novae. Mon 2012 is confirmed as an ONe nova. We find E(B-V)=0.85$\\pm$0.05 and hydrogen column density $\\approx 5\\times 10^{21}$ cm$^{-2}$. The corrected continuum luminosity is nearly the same in the entire observed energy range as V1974 Cyg, V382 Mon, and Nova LMC 2000 at the same epoch after outburst. The distance, about 3.6 kpc, is quite similar to V1974 Cyg. The line profiles can be modeled using an axisymmetric bipolar geometry for the ejecta with variou...

  3. A theoretical study of problems in classical nova evolution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three distinct issues in classical nova evolution are addressed with the aid of one- and two-dimensional numerical hydrodynamics. The effects of convection on nova outbursts are examined within the confines of the mixing length theory. It is found that increasing the efficiency of convection enhances the violence of the thermonuclear runaway (TNR). This also relates to the question of the feasibility of obtaining nova outbursts on magnetic white dwarfs among the AM Her systems. The effects of a strong magnetic field on the TNR are explored. The field interferes with the development of convection during the TNR, which results in lower ejection velocities. However, for field strengths typical of cataclysmic variables, the violence of strong outbursts is affected only moderately. The conditions necessary for the production of strong TNR's in the hibernation model of cataclysmic binary evolution are also examined. The feasibility of obtaining strong nova outbursts is investigated when the accretion rate during hibernation is decreased. It is found that a reduction (by a factor of 100) for periods of longer than a couple thousand years, is sufficient to ensure violent outbursts, even in the presence of large pre-outburst accretion rates. The effects of a common envelope phase (CEP) on the outburst are discussed. The motion of the secondary through an expanding common envelope is resisted by frictional drag. This dissipates both energy and angular momentum from the orbit inducing hydrodynamic motion. Significant departures are found to occur in the manner in which mass is lost when the effects of drag are taken into account. Specifically, a CEP is found to accelerate and enhance mass loss. Ejection is found to be concentrated in the orbital plane, with velocities of a few thousand km/sec

  4. Hydrogen Burning of 17O in Classical Novae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report on the observation of a previously unknown resonance at ERlab=194.1±0.6 keV in the 17O(p,α)14N reaction, with a measured resonance strength ωγpα=1.6±0.2 meV. We studied in the same experiment the 17O(p,γ)18F reaction by an activation method and the resonance-strength ratio was found to be ωγpα/ωγpγ=470±50. The corresponding excitation energy in the 18F compound nucleus was determined to be 5789.8±0.3 keV by γ-ray measurements using the 14N(α,γ)18F reaction. These new resonance properties have important consequences for 17O nucleosynthesis and γ-ray astronomy of classical novae

  5. The Inter-Eruption Timescale of Classical Novae from Expansion of the Z Camelopardalis Shell

    CERN Document Server

    Shara, Michael M; Zurek, David; Martin, Christopher D; Neill, James D; Seibert, Mark

    2012-01-01

    The dwarf nova Z Camelopardalis is surrounded by the largest known classical nova shell. This shell demonstrates that at least some dwarf novae must have undergone classical nova eruptions in the past, and that at least some classical novae become dwarf novae long after their nova thermonuclear outbursts. The current size of the shell, its known distance, and the largest observed nova ejection velocity set a lower limit to the time since Z Cam's last outburst of 220 years. The brightest part of the Z Cam shell's radius is currently p ~ 1690 pixels. No expansion of the radius of the brightest part of the ejecta was detected, with an upper limit of pdot 5,000 years ago. However, including the important effect of deceleration as the ejecta sweeps up interstellar matter in its snowplow phase reduces the lower limit to 1300 years. This is the first strong test of the prediction of nova thermonuclear runaway theory that the inter-outburst times of classical novae are longer than 1000 yr. The intriguing suggestion ...

  6. Binary Orbits as the Driver of Gamma-Ray Emission and Mass Ejection in Classical Novae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chomiuk, Laura; Linford, Justin D.; Yang, Jun; O'Brien, T. J.; Paragi, Zsolt; Mioduszewski, Amy J.; Beswick, R. J.; Cheung, C. C.; Mukai, Koji; Nelson, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Classical novae are the most common astrophysical thermonuclear explosions, occurring on the surfaces of white dwarf stars accreting gas from companions in binary star systems. Novae typically expel about 10 (sup -4) solar masses of material at velocities exceeding 1,000 kilometers per second.However, the mechanism of mass ejection in novae is poorly understood, and could be dominated by the impulsive flash of thermonuclear energy, prolonged optically thick winds or binary interaction with the nova envelope. Classical novae are now routinely detected at giga-electronvolt gamma-ray wavelengths, suggesting that relativistic particles are accelerated by strong shocks in the ejecta. Here we report high-resolution radio imaging of the gamma-ray-emitting nova V959 Mon. We find that its ejecta were shaped by the motion of the binary system: some gas was expelled rapidly along the poles as a wind from the white dwarf, while denser material drifted out along the equatorial plane, propelled by orbital motion..At the interface between the equatorial and polar regions, we observe synchrotron emission indicative of shocks and relativistic particle acceleration, thereby pinpointing the location of gamma-ray production. Binary shaping of the nova ejecta and associated internal shocks are expected to be widespread among novae, explaining why many novae are gamma-ray emitters.

  7. Observations and predictions of EUV emission from classical novae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Theoretical modeling of novae in outburst predicts that they should be active emitters of radiation both in the EUV and soft X-ray wavelengths twice during the outburst. The first time is very early in the outburst when only an all sky survey can detect them. This period lasts only a few hours. They again become bright EUV and soft X-ray emitters late in the outburst when the remnant object becomes very hot and is still luminous. The predictions imply both that a nova can remain very hot for months to years and that the peak temperature at this time strongly depends upon the mass of the white dwarf. It is important to observe novae at these late times because a measurement of both the flux and temperature can provide information about the mass of the white dwarf, the tun-off time scale, and the energy budget of the outburst. We review the existing observations of novae in late stages of their outburst and present some newly obtained data for GQ Mus 1983. We then provide results of new hydrodynamic simulations of novae in outburst and compare the predictions to the observations. 43 refs., 6 figs

  8. Soft x-ray emission from classical novae in outburst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Theoretical modeling of novae in outburst predicts that they should be active emitters of radiation at soft x-ray wavelengths twice during their outburst. The first time occurs very early in the outburst when only a very sensitive all sky survey will be able to detect them. This period lasts only a few hours for the very fastest novae. They again become bright in x-rays late in the outburst when the remnant object becomes very hot and is still luminous. Both simulations and observations show that novae can remain very hot for months to years. It is important to observe them at these late times because a measurement both of the flux and temperature can provide information about the mass of the white dwarf, the turn-off time scale, and the energy budget of the outburst. 8 refs., 2 figs

  9. Beacons in the sky. Classical novae vs. X-ray bursts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thermonuclear runaways are at the origin of some of the most energetic and frequent stellar cataclysmic events. In this review talk, we outline our understanding of the mechanisms leading to classical nova explosions and X-ray bursts, together with their associated nucleosynthesis. In particular, we focus on the interplay between nova outbursts and the Galactic chemical abundances (mainly 13C, 15N, and 17O), the synthesis of radioactive nuclei of interest for gamma-ray astronomy (7Be-7Li, 22Na, or 26Al), the endpoint of nova nucleosynthesis, based both on theoretical and observational grounds, and the recent discovery of presolar meteoritic grains, both in the Murchison and Acfer 094 meteorites, likely condensed in nova shells. Recent progress in the modeling of X-ray bursts as well as an insight into the nuclear uncertainties affecting critical reactions, for both novae and X-ray bursts, will also be presented. (author)

  10. Stellar Pyrotechnics: Nucleosynthesis in Classical Novae and X-Ray Bursts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thermonuclear runaways are at the origin of some of the most energetic and frequent stellar cataclysmic events. In this paper, we review our understanding of the mechanisms leading to classical nova explosions and x-ray bursts, together with their associated nu- cleosynthesis. In particular, we focus on the interplay between nova outbursts and the Galactic chemical abundances (mainly 13C, 15N, and 17O), the synthesis of radioactive nuclei of interest for gamma-ray astronomy (7Be-7Li, 22Na, or 26Al), the endpoint of nova nucleosynthesis, based both on theoretical and observational grounds, and the recent discovery of presolar meteoritic grains, both in the Murchison and Acfer 094 meteorites, likely condensed in nova shells. Recent progress in the modeling of x-ray bursts as well as an insight into the nuclear uncertainties affecting critical reactions, for both novae and x-ray bursts, are also reviewed

  11. On the Raman O VI and related lines in classical novae

    CERN Document Server

    Shore, Steven N; Scaringi, Simone; van Winckel, Hans

    2014-01-01

    We critically examine the recent claimed detection of Raman scattered O VI at around 6830\\AA\\ in the iron curtain stage spectra of the classical CO nova V339 Del. The observed line variations are compatible in profile and timing of emission line strength with an excited state transition of neutral carbon. Line formation in classical nova ejecta is physically very different from that in symbiotic binaries, in which the O VI emission line is formed within the wind of the companion red giant at low differential velocity. The ejecta velocity and density structure prevent the scattering from producing analogous features. There might , however, be a broadband spectropolarimetric signature of the Raman process and also Rayleigh scattering at some stage in the expansion. We show that the neutral carbon spectrum, hitherto under-exploited for novae, is especially useful as a probe of the structure of the ejecta during the early, optically thick stages of the expansion

  12. Beacons in the sky: Classical novae vs. X-ray bursts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thermonuclear runaways are at the origin of some of the most energetic and frequent stellar cataclysmic events. In this review talk, we outline our understanding of the mechanisms leading to classical nova explosions and X-ray bursts, together with their associated nucleosynthesis. In particular, we focus on the interplay between nova outbursts and the Galactic chemical abundances (where 13C, 15N, and 17O constitute the likely imprints of many nova outbursts during the overall 10Gyr of Galactic history), the synthesis of radioactive nuclei of interest for gamma-ray astronomy (7Be-7Li, 22Na, or 26Al), the endpoint of nova nucleosynthesis, based on theoretical and observational grounds, and the recent discovery of presolar meteoritic grains, both in the Murchison and Acfer 094 meteorites, likely condensed in nova shells. Recent progress in the modeling of X-ray bursts as well as an insight into the input nuclear physics requests, for both novae and X-ray bursts, will also be presented. (orig.)

  13. Non-LTE Luminosity and Abundance Diagnostics of Classical Novae in X-rays

    CERN Document Server

    Németh, Péter

    2013-01-01

    Classical novae are significant sources of interstellar material, especially carbon, nitrogen and oxygen. These standard candles are only behind supernovae and $\\gamma$-ray bursts as the third brightest objects in the sky, and the most probable progenitors of type Ia supernovae. After a nova outburst the system enters into the constant bolometric luminosity phase and the nova maintains a stable hydrogen burning in the surface layers of the white dwarf. As the expanding shell around the nova attenuates, progressively deeper and hotter layers become visible. At the end of the constant bolometric luminosity phase, the hottest layers are exposed and novae radiate X-rays. This work uses the static, plane-parallel model atmosphere code TLUSTY to calculate atmospheric structure and SYNSPEC to calculate synthetic X-ray spectra. It was necessary to incorporate atomic data for the highest ionization stages of elements ranging from hydrogen to iron in both programs. Atomic data on energy levels, bound-free, bound-bound ...

  14. The panchromatic spectroscopic evolution of the classical CO nova V339 Delphini (Nova Del 2013) until X-ray turnoff

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shore, S. N.; Mason, E.; Schwarz, G. J.; Teyssier, F. M.; Buil, C.; De Gennaro Aquino, I.; Page, K. L.; Osborne, J. P.; Scaringi, S.; Starrfield, S.; van Winckel, H.; Williams, R. E.; Woodward, C. E.

    2016-05-01

    Context. Classical novae are the product of thermonuclear runaway-initiated explosions occurring on accreting white dwarfs. Aims: V339 Del (Nova Delphinus 2013) was one of the brightest classical novae of the last hundred years. Spectroscopy and photometry are available from γ-rays through infrared at stages that have frequently not been observed well. The complete data set is intended to provide a benchmark for comparison with modeling and for understanding more sparsely monitored historical classical and recurrent novae. This paper is the first in the series of reports on the development of the nova. We report here on the early stages of the outburst, through the X-ray active stage. Methods: A time sequence of optical, flux calibrated high resolution spectra was obtained with the Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT) using FIES simultaneously, or contemporaneously, with the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) aboard the Hubble Space Telescope during the early stages of the outburst. These were supplemented with Mercator/HERMES optical spectra. High resolution IUE ultraviolet spectra of OS And 1986, taken during the Fe curtain phase, served as a template for the distance determination. We used standard plasma diagnostics (e.g., [O III] and [N II] line ratios, and the Hβ line flux) to constrain electron densities and temperatures of the ejecta. Using Monte Carlo modeling of the ejecta, we derived the structure, filling factor, and mass from comparisons of the optical and ultraviolet line profiles. Results: We derive an extinction of E(B - V) = 0.23 ± 0.05 from the spectral energy distribution, the interstellar absorption, and H I emission lines. The distance, about 4-4.5 kpc, is in agreement with the inferred distance from near infrared interferometry. The maximum velocity was about 2500 km s-1, measured from the UV resonance and optical profiles. The ejecta showed considerable fine structure in all transitions, much of which persisted as emission knots. The

  15. Three-dimensional simulations of turbulent convective mixing in ONe and CO classical nova explosions

    CERN Document Server

    Casanova, Jordi; Garcia-Berro, Enrique; Shore, Steven N

    2016-01-01

    Classical novae are thermonuclear explosions that take place in the envelopes of accreting white dwarfs in binary systems. The material piles up under degenerate conditions, driving a thermonuclear runaway. The energy released by the suite of nuclear processes operating at the envelope heats the material up to peak temperatures about 100 - 400 MK. During these events, about 10-3 - 10-7 Msun, enriched in CNO and, sometimes, other intermediate-mass elements (e.g., Ne, Na, Mg, Al) are ejected into the interstellar medium. To account for the gross observational properties of classical novae (in particular, the large concentrations of metals spectroscopically inferred in the ejecta), models require mixing between the (solar-like) material transferred from the secondary and the outermost layers (CO- or ONe-rich) of the underlying white dwarf. Recent multidimensional simulations have demonstrated that Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities can naturally produce self-enrichment of the accreted envelope with material from the...

  16. DISCOVERY OF X-RAY EMISSION IN THE OLD CLASSICAL NOVA DK LACERTAE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report the discovery of X-ray emission at the position of the old classical nova DK Lacertae using the Swift satellite. Three observations were conducted using the X-Ray Telescope 62 years after the discovery of the nova, yielding 46 source signals in an exposure time of 4.8 ks. A background-subtracted count rate was 9 ± 2 × 10–3 counts s–1, corresponding to a detection significance level of 5σ. The X-ray spectrum was characterized by a continuum extending up to about 7 keV, which can be modeled by a power-law component with a photon index of 1.4-5.6, or by a thermal bremsstrahlung component with a temperature of 0.7-13.3 keV, convolved with interstellar absorption with an equivalent hydrogen column density of 0.3-2.4 × 1022 cm–2. Assuming a distance of 3900 pc to the source, the luminosity was 1032-1034 erg s–1 in the 0.3-10 keV energy band. The origin of X-rays is considered to be either mass accretion on the white dwarf or adiabatic shocks in nova ejecta, with the former appearing much more likely. In either case, DK Lacertae represents a rare addition to the exclusive club of X-ray emitting old novae.

  17. Fermi LAT Gamma-ray Detections of Classical Novae V1369 Centauri 2013 and V5668 Sagittarii 2015

    CERN Document Server

    Cheung, C C; Shore, S N; Stawarz, L; Corbet, R H D; Knodlseder, J; Starrfield, S; Wood, D L; Desiante, R; Longo, F; Pivato, G; Wood, K S

    2016-01-01

    We report the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) detections of high-energy (>100 MeV) gamma-ray emission from two recent optically bright classical novae, V1369 Centauri 2013 and V5668 Sagittarii 2015. At early times, Fermi target-of-opportunity observations prompted by their optical discoveries provided enhanced LAT exposure that enabled the detections of gamma-ray onsets beginning ~2 days after their first optical peaks. Significant gamma-ray emission was found extending to 39-55 days after their initial LAT detections, with systematically fainter and longer duration emission compared to previous gamma-ray detected classical novae. These novae were distinguished by multiple bright optical peaks that encompassed the timespans of the observed gamma rays. The gamma-ray light curves and spectra of the two novae are presented along with representative hadronic and leptonic models, and comparisons to other novae detected by the LAT are discussed.

  18. ELEMENTAL ABUNDANCES IN THE EJECTA OF OLD CLASSICAL NOVAE FROM LATE-EPOCH SPITZER SPECTRA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present Spitzer Space Telescope mid-infrared IRS spectra, supplemented by ground-based optical observations, of the classical novae V1974 Cyg, V382 Vel, and V1494 Aql more than 11, 8, and 4 years after outburst, respectively. The spectra are dominated by forbidden emission from neon and oxygen, though in some cases, there are weak signatures of magnesium, sulfur, and argon. We investigate the geometry and distribution of the late time ejecta by examination of the emission line profiles. Using nebular analysis in the low-density regime, we estimate lower limits on the abundances in these novae. In V1974 Cyg and V382 Vel, our observations confirm the abundance estimates presented by other authors and support the claims that these eruptions occurred on ONe white dwarfs (WDs). We report the first detection of neon emission in V1494 Aql and show that the system most likely contains a CO WD.

  19. Detectability of gamma-ray emission from classical novae with Swift/BAT

    OpenAIRE

    Senziani, F.; Skinner, G. K.; Jean, P; Hernanz, M.

    2008-01-01

    Classical novae are expected to emit gamma rays during their explosions. The most important contribution to the early gamma-ray emission comes from the annihilation with electrons of the positrons generated by the decay of 13N and 18F. The photons are expected to be down-scattered to a few tens of keV, and the emission is predicted to occur some days before the visual discovery and to last ~2 days. Despite a number of attempts, no positive detections of such emission have been made, due to la...

  20. Classical novae and type I X-ray bursts: Challenges for the 21st century

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Classical nova explosions and type I X-ray bursts are the most frequent types of thermonuclear stellar explosions in the Galaxy. Both phenomena arise from thermonuclear ignition in the envelopes of accreting compact objects in close binary star systems. Detailed observations of these events have stimulated numerous studies in theoretical astrophysics and experimental nuclear physics. We discuss observational features of these phenomena and theoretical efforts to better understand the energy production and nucleosynthesis in these explosions. We also examine and summarize studies directed at identifying nuclear physics quantities with uncertainties that significantly affect model predictions

  1. Recent advances in the modelling of classical novae and type I X-ray bursts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Classical nova outbursts and type I X-ray bursts are thermonuclear stellar explosions driven by charged-particle reactions. Extensive numerical simulations of nova explosions have shown that the accreted envelopes attain peak temperatures between 0.1 and 0.4 GK, for about several hundred seconds, and therefore, their ejecta is expected to show signatures of significant nuclear activity. Indeed, it has been claimed that novae play some role in the enrichment of the interstellar medium through a number of intermediate-mass elements. This includes 17O, 15N, and 13C, systematically overproduced in huge amounts with respect to solar abundances, with a lower contribution to a number of species with A7Li, 19F, or 26Al. In this review, we present new 1-D hydrodynamic models of classical nova outbursts, from the onset of accretion up to the explosion and ejection phases. Special emphasis is put on their gross observational properties (including constraints from meteoritic presolar grains and potential gamma-ray signatures) and on their associated nucleosynthesis. Multidimensional models of mixing at the core-envelope interface during outbursts will also be presented. The impact of nuclear uncertainties on the final yields will be also outlined. Detailed analysis of the relevant reactions along the main nuclear path for type I X-ray bursts has only been scarcely addressed, mainly in the context of parameterized one-zone models. Here, we present a detailed study of the nucleosynthesis and nuclear processes powering type I X-ray bursts. The reported bursts have been computed by means of a spherically symmetric (1D), Lagrangian, hydrodynamic code, linked to a nuclear reaction network that contains 325 isotopes (from 1H to 107Te), and 1392 nuclear processes. These evolutionary sequences, followed from the onset of accretion up to the explosion and expansion stages, have been performed for two different metallicities to explore the dependence between the extension of the main

  2. Swift observations of the 2015 outburst of AG Peg -- from slow nova to classical symbiotic outburst

    CERN Document Server

    Ramsay, Gavin; Luna, G J M; Nunez, N E

    2016-01-01

    Symbiotic stars often contain white dwarfs with quasi-steady shell burning on their surfaces. However, in most symbiotics, the origin of this burning is unclear. In symbiotic slow novae, however, it is linked to a past thermonuclear runaway. In June 2015, the symbiotic slow nova AG Peg was seen in only its second optical outburst since 1850. This recent outburst was of much shorter duration and lower amplitude than the earlier eruption, and it contained multiple peaks -- like outbursts in classical symbiotic stars such as Z And. We report Swift X-ray and UV observations of AG Peg made between June 2015 and January 2016. The X-ray flux was markedly variable on a time scale of days, particularly during four days near optical maximum, when the X-rays became bright and soft. This strong X-ray variability continued for another month, after which the X-rays hardened as the optical flux declined. The UV flux was high throughout the outburst, consistent with quasi-steady shell burning on the white dwarf. Given that a...

  3. The $^{7}$Be II Resonance Lines in Two Classical Novae V5668 Sgr and V2944 Oph

    CERN Document Server

    Tajitsu, Akito; Naito, Hiroyuki; Arai, Akira; Kawakita, Hideyo; Aoki, Wako

    2016-01-01

    We report spectroscopic observations of the resonance lines of singly ionized $^{7}$Be in the blue-shifted absorption line systems found in the post-outburst spectra of two classical novae -- V5668 Sgr (Nova Sagittarii 2015 No.2) and V2944 Oph (Nova Ophiuchi 2015). The unstable isotope, $^{7}$Be, should has been created during the thermonuclear runaway (TNR) of these novae and decays to form $^{7}$Li within a short period (a half-life of 53.22 days). Confirmations of $^{7}$Be are the second and the third ones following the first case found in V339 Del by Tajitsu et al. (2015). The blue-shifted absorption line systems in both novae are clearly divided into two velocity components, both of which contain $^{7}$Be. This means that the absorbing gases in both velocity components consist of products of TNR. We estimate amounts of $^{7}$Be produced during outbursts of both novae and conclude that significant $^{7}$Li should have been created. These findings strongly suggest that the explosive production of $^{7}$Li ...

  4. SWIFT X-RAY OBSERVATIONS OF CLASSICAL NOVAE. II. THE SUPER SOFT SOURCE SAMPLE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Swift gamma-ray burst satellite is an excellent facility for studying novae. Its rapid response time and sensitive X-ray detector provides an unparalleled opportunity to investigate the previously poorly sampled evolution of novae in the X-ray regime. This paper presents Swift observations of 52 Galactic/Magellanic Cloud novae. We included the X-Ray Telescope (0.3-10 keV) instrument count rates and the UltraViolet and Optical Telescope (1700-8000 Å) filter photometry. Also included in the analysis are the publicly available pointed observations of 10 additional novae the X-ray archives. This is the largest X-ray sample of Galactic/Magellanic Cloud novae yet assembled and consists of 26 novae with Super Soft X-ray emission, 19 from Swift observations. The data set shows that the faster novae have an early hard X-ray phase that is usually missing in slower novae. The Super Soft X-ray phase occurs earlier and does not last as long in fast novae compared to slower novae. All the Swift novae with sufficient observations show that novae are highly variable with rapid variability and different periodicities. In the majority of cases, nuclear burning ceases less than three years after the outburst begins. Previous relationships, such as the nuclear burning duration versus t2 or the expansion velocity of the eject and nuclear burning duration versus the orbital period, are shown to be poorly correlated with the full sample indicating that additional factors beyond the white dwarf mass and binary separation play important roles in the evolution of a nova outburst. Finally, we confirm two optical phenomena that are correlated with strong, soft X-ray emission which can be used to further increase the efficiency of X-ray campaigns.

  5. The time-dependent rebrightenings in classical novae outbursts: a late-time episodic fuel burning?

    OpenAIRE

    Pejcha, Ondrej

    2009-01-01

    A significant fraction of novae exhibit a series of rebrightenings on the decline branch of their light curves. We use visual observations to study this phase in several well-observed novae. We find that these rebrightenings are isolated flare-like events on otherwise smooth light curves and we show that in most novae in our sample the time intervals between consecutive flares gradually increase as a geometric series; rebrightenings are equally spaced in logarithmic time. We also find a corre...

  6. Swift X-ray and UV monitoring of the Classical Nova V458 Vul (Nova Vul 2007)

    CERN Document Server

    Ness, J -U; Beardmore, A P; Boyd, D; Bode, M F; Brady, S; Evans, P A; Gänsicke, B T; Kitamoto, S; Knigge, C; Miller, I; Osborne, J P; Page, K L; Rodríguez-Gil, P; Schwarz, G; Staels, B; Steeghs, D; Takei, D; Tsujimoto, M; Wesson, R; Zijlstra, A

    2009-01-01

    We describe the highly variable X-ray and UV emission of V458 Vul (Nova Vul 2007), observed by Swift between 1 and 422 days after outburst. Initially bright only in the UV, V458 Vul became a variable hard X-ray source due to optically thin thermal emission at kT=0.64 keV with an X-ray band unabsorbed luminosity of 2.3x10^{34} erg s^{-1} during days 71-140. The X-ray spectrum at this time requires a low Fe abundance (0.2^{+0.3}_{-0.1} solar), consistent with a Suzaku measurement around the same time. On day 315 we find a new X-ray spectral component which can be described by a blackbody with temperature of kT=23^{+9}_{-5} eV, while the previous hard X-ray component has declined by a factor of 3.8. The spectrum of this soft X-ray component resembles those typically seen in the class of supersoft sources (SSS) which suggests that the nova ejecta were starting to clear and/or that the WD photosphere is shrinking to the point at which its thermal emission reaches into the X-ray band. We find a high degree of varia...

  7. TIME-DEPENDENT REBRIGHTENINGS IN CLASSICAL NOVA OUTBURSTS: A LATE-TIME EPISODIC FUEL BURNING?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A significant fraction of novae exhibit a series of rebrightenings on the decline branch of their light curves. We use visual observations to study this phase in several well-observed novae. We find that these rebrightenings are isolated flare-like events on otherwise smooth light curves and we show that in most novae in our sample the time intervals between consecutive flares gradually increase as a geometric series; rebrightenings are equally spaced in logarithmic time. We also find a correlation between the rate of increase in the time between rebrightenings with the speed class of the nova in the sense that slower novae tend to increase the time intervals faster. We attribute these rebrightenings to instabilities in the envelope hydrogen burning and we mention other cases of such timing patterns in astronomy and natural sciences in general.

  8. SWIFT X-RAY AND ULTRAVIOLET MONITORING OF THE CLASSICAL NOVA V458 VUL (NOVA VUL 2007)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe the highly variable X-ray and UV emission of V458 Vul (Nova Vul 2007), observed by Swift between 1 and 422 days after outburst. Initially bright only in the UV, V458 Vul became a variable hard X-ray source due to optically thin thermal emission at kT = 0.64 keV with an X-ray band unabsorbed luminosity of 2.3 x 1034 erg s-1 during days 71-140. The X-ray spectrum at this time requires a low Fe abundance (0.2+0.3-0.1 solar), consistent with a Suzaku measurement around the same time. On day 315 we find a new X-ray spectral component which can be described by a blackbody with temperature of kT = 23+9-5 eV, while the previous hard X-ray component has declined by a factor of 3.8. The spectrum of this soft X-ray component resembles those typically seen in the class of supersoft sources (SSS) which suggests that the nova ejecta were starting to clear and/or that the white dwarf photosphere is shrinking to the point at which its thermal emission reaches into the X-ray band. We find a high degree of variability in the soft component with a flare rising by an order of magnitude in count rate in 0.2 days. In the following observations on days 342.4-383.6, the soft component was not seen, only to emerge again on day 397. The hard component continued to evolve, and we found an anticorrelation between the hard X-ray emission and the UV emission, yielding a Spearman rank probability of 97%. After day 397, the hard component was still present, was variable, and continued to fade at an extremely slow rate but could not be analyzed owing to pile-up contamination from the bright SSS component.

  9. The 7.1 hour X-ray-UV-NIR period of the gamma-ray classical Nova Monocerotis 2012

    CERN Document Server

    Page, K L; Wagner, R M; Beardmore, A P; Shore, S N; Starrfield, S; Woodward, C E

    2013-01-01

    Nova Mon 2012 is the third gamma-ray transient identified with a thermonuclear runaway on a white dwarf, that is, a nova event. Swift monitoring has revealed the distinct evolution of the harder and super-soft X-ray spectral components, while Swift-UV and V and I-band photometry show a gradual decline with subtle changes of slope. During the super-soft emission phase, a coherent 7.1 hr modulation was found in the soft X-ray, UV, optical and near-IR data, varying in phase across all wavebands. Assuming this period to be orbital, the system has a near-main sequence secondary, with little appreciable stellar wind. This distinguishes it from the first GeV nova, V407 Cyg, where the gamma-rays were proposed to form through shock-accelerated particles as the ejecta interacted with the red giant wind. We favor a model in which the gamma-rays arise from the shock of the ejecta with material close to the white dwarf in the orbital plane. This suggests that classical novae may commonly be GeV sources. We ascribe the orb...

  10. PHASE-RESOLVED INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY AND PHOTOMETRY OF V1500 CYGNI, AND A SEARCH FOR SIMILAR OLD CLASSICAL NOVAE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present phase-resolved near-infrared photometry and spectroscopy of the classical nova (CN) V1500 Cyg to explore whether cyclotron emission is present in this system. While the spectroscopy do not indicate the presence of discrete cyclotron harmonic emission, the light curves suggest that a sizable fraction of its near-infrared fluxes are due to this component. The light curves of V1500 Cyg appear to remain dominated by emission from the heated face of the secondary star in this system. We have used infrared spectroscopy and photometry to search for other potential magnetic systems among old CNe. We have found that the infrared light curves of V1974 Cyg superficially resemble those of V1500 Cyg, suggesting a highly irradiated companion. The old novae V446 Her and QV Vul have light curves with large amplitude variations like those seen in polars, suggesting they might have magnetic primaries. We extract photometry for 79 old novae from the Two Micron All Sky Survey Point Source Catalog and use those data to derive the mean, un-reddened infrared colors of quiescent novae. We also extract WISE data for these objects and find that 45 of them were detected. Surprisingly, a number of these systems were detected in the WISE 22 μm band. While two of those objects produced significant dust shells (V705 Cas and V445 Pup), the others did not. It appears that line emission from their ionized ejected shells is the most likely explanation for those detections

  11. Search for Soft X-ray Flashes at Fireball Phase of Classical/Recurrent Novae using MAXI/GSC data

    CERN Document Server

    Morii, Mikio; Mihara, Tatehiro; Matsuoka, Masaru; Kawai, Nobuyuki

    2016-01-01

    We searched for precursive soft X-ray flashes (SXFs) associated with optically-discovered classical or recurrent novae in the data of five-years all-sky observations with Gas Slit Camera (GSC) of the Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI). We first developed a tool to measure fluxes of point sources by fitting the event distribution with the model that incorporates the point-spread function (PSF-fit) to minimize the potential contamination from nearby sources. Then we applied the PSF-fit tool to 40 classical/recurrent novae that were discovered in optical observations from 2009 August to 2014 August. We found no precursive SXFs with significance above $3 \\sigma$ level in the energy range of 2$-$4 keV between $t_{d}-10$d and $t_{d}$, where $t_{d}$ is the date when each nova was discovered. We obtained the upper limits for the bolometric luminosity of SXFs, and compared them with the theoretical prediction and that observed for MAXI J0158$-$744. This result could constrain the population of massive white dwarfs ...

  12. Discovery of Irradiation Induced Variations in the Light Curve of the Classical Nova Cygni 2001 No.2 (V2275 Cyg)

    CERN Document Server

    Balman, S; Retter, A; Saygac, T; Esenoglu, H

    2004-01-01

    We present the CCD photometry, light curve and time series analysis of the classical nova V2275 Cyg (N Cyg 2001 No.2). The source was observed for 14 nights in total using an R filter in 2002 and 2003 with the 1.5 m Russian-Turkish joint telescope (RTT150) at the TUBITAK (The Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey) National Observatory in Antalya Turkey, as part of a large program on the CCD photometry of Cataclysmic Variables (CVs). We report the detection of two distinct periodicities in the light curve of the nova : a) P_1=0.31449(15) d -- 7.6 h, b) P_2=0.017079(17) d -- 24.6 min. The first period is evident in both 2002 and 2003 whereas the second period is only detected in the 2003 data set. We interpret the first period as the orbital period of the system and attribute the orbital variations to aspect changes of the secondary irradiated by the hot WD. We suggest that the nova was a Super Soft X-ray source in 2002 and, perhaps, in 2003. The second period could be a QPO originating from the o...

  13. Supersoft X-rays reveal a classical nova in the M 31 globular cluster Bol 126

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Henze, M.; Pietsch, W.; Haberl, F.; Della Valle, M.; Riffeser, A.; Salla, G.; Hatzidimitriou, D.; Hofmann, F.; Hartmann, D.H.; Koppenhoefer, J.; Seitz, S.; Williams, G.; Hornoch, Kamil; Itagaki, K.; Kabashima, F.; Nishiyama, K.; Xing, G.; Lee, C.H.; Magnier, E.; Chambers, K.

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 549, January (2013), A120/1-A120/15. ISSN 0004-6361 Institutional support: RVO:67985815 Keywords : galaxies individual M 31 * novae * cataclysmic variables Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics Impact factor: 4.479, year: 2013

  14. Discovery and Spectroscopic Classification of iPTFemh as a Classical Nova in M31

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinetti, K.; Darnley, M. J.; Blagorodnova, N.; Neill, J. D.; Williams, S. C.

    2016-08-01

    We report the discovery of nova candidate iPTFemh with the CFH12k instrument taken on 2016 Aug 01.45 UT on the Palomar 48-in telescope. The new object is located at RA 00:43:57.77, DEC +41:34:52.6 (J2000.0), and was not detected in images taken 2016 July 26.49.

  15. Optical Spectroscopy of the Classical Novae V339 Del (2013) and V5668 Sgr (2015 No. 2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, R. Mark; Woodward, Charles E.; Starrfield, Sumner; Ilyin, Ilya; Strassmeier, Klaus G.; Page, Kim; Osborne, Julian P.; Beardmore, Andrew P.

    2016-01-01

    We report the results of optical spectroscopy of the gamma-ray classical novae V339 Del (2013) and V5668 Sgr (PNV J18365700-2855420/Nova Sgr 2015 No. 2) supplemented by UV and X-ray observations obtained with Swift. Our spectra were obtained with the Steward Observatory Bok 2.3 m telescope (+B&C), the MDM 2.4 m Hiltner telescope (+OSMOS), the 6.5 m MMT (+BlueChannel), and the 2 x 8.4 m Large Binocular Telescope (+MODS1 and PEPSI) between 2013 August and 2015 September. The PEPSI spectra cover all or part of the 384-907 nm spectral region at a resolution of up to 270,000 (1 km/s). This is the highest resolution available on any 8-10 m class telescope. V339 Del was discovered on 2015 August 14.58 by Itagaki at V about 6.8. This nova reached a peak magnitude of about 4.3 making it one of the brightest novae of this century. Because of its exceptional brightness it has been observed at a variety of wavelengths and by a host of observatories both on the ground and in space. V5668 Sgr was discovered on 2015 March 15.634 by Seach at a magnitude of 6.0. It subsequently reached a maximum brightness of about 4.0 in late March. High resolution PEPSI spectra obtained in early April show dramatic variations in the multi-component P Cygni-type line profiles. V5668 Sgr was observed to form dust in June thereafter fading to about 13th magnitude. Our recent observations show that it has now evolved into the nebular phase. SS acknowledges partial support from NSF and NASA grants to ASU. CEW acknowledges support from NASA.

  16. Discovery of $^{34g,m}$Cl$(p,\\gamma)^{35}$Ar resonances activated at classical nova temperatures

    CERN Document Server

    Fry, C; Bishop, S; Brown, B A; Chen, A A; Faestermann, T; Hertenberger, R; Parikh, A; Pérez-Loureiro, D; Wirth, H -F; García, A; Ortez, R

    2015-01-01

    Background: The thermonuclear $^{34g,m}$Cl($p,\\gamma$)$^{35}$Ar reaction rates are unknown due to a lack of experimental nuclear physics data. Uncertainties in these rates translate to uncertainties in $^{34}$S production in models of classical novae on oxygen-neon white dwarfs. $^{34}$S abundances have the potential to aid in the classification of presolar grains. Purpose: Determine resonance energies for the $^{34g,m}$Cl($p,\\gamma$)$^{35}$Ar reactions within the region of astrophyical interest for classical novae to a precision of a few keV as an essential first step toward constraining their thermonuclear reaction rates. Method: $^{35}$Ar excited states were populated by the $^{36}$Ar($d,t$)$^{35}$Ar reaction at $E$(d)=22~MeV and reaction products were momentum analyzed by a high resolution quadrupole-dipole-dipole-dipole (Q3D) magnetic spectrograph. Results: Seventeen new $^{35}$Ar levels have been detected at a statistically significant level in the region $E_x\\approx$~5.9-6.7~MeV ($E_r$ \\textless~800~ k...

  17. First Direct Measurement of the ^{17}O(p,\\gamma)^{18}F Reaction Cross-Section at Gamow Energies for Classical Novae

    CERN Document Server

    Scott, D A; DiLeva, A; Formicola, A; Aliotta, M; Anders, M; Bemmerer, D; Broggini, C; Campeggio, M; Corvisiero, P; Elekes, Z; Fülöp, Zs; Gervino, G; Guglielmetti, A; Gustavino, C; Gyürky, Gy; Imbriani, G; Junker, M; Laubenstein, M; Menegazzo, R; Marta, M; Napolitani, E; Prati, P; Rigato, V; Roca, V; Somorjai, E; Salvo, C; Straniero, O; Strieder, F; Szücs, T; Terrasi, F; Trezzi, D

    2012-01-01

    Classical novae are important contributors to the abundances of key isotopes, such as the radioactive ^{18}F, whose observation by satellite missions could provide constraints on nucleosynthesis models in novae. The ^{17}O(p,\\gamma)^{18}F reaction plays a critical role in the synthesis of both oxygen and fluorine isotopes but its reaction rate is not well determined because of the lack of experimental data at energies relevant to novae explosions. In this study, the reaction cross section has been measured directly for the first time in a wide energy range Ecm = 200 - 370 keV appropriate to hydrogen burning in classical novae. In addition, the E=183 keV resonance strength, \\omega \\gamma=1.67\\pm0.12 \\mueV, has been measured with the highest precision to date. The uncertainty on the ^{17}O(p,\\gamma)^{18}F reaction rate has been reduced by a factor of 4, thus leading to firmer constraints on accurate models of novae nucleosynthesis.

  18. Modelling the Soft X-Ray and EUV Emission in Classical Novae: EUVE and ROSAT Observations of V1974 Cygni

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stringfellow, Guy S.; Bowyer, Stuart

    1996-01-01

    We have conducted an extensive analysis of the observability of Classical Novae with the EUVE Lex/B and Al/Ti/C detectors. Predicted count rates have been computed using optically thin, isothermal plasma models for solar and metal-rich compositions, and hot ONeMg white dwarf model atmospheres. We find EUVE to be quite sensitive to both the EUV and soft X-ray emission emitted by the underlying hot white dwarf during novae outbursts, except for the coolest temperatures with very high intervening hydrogen column density. These results are used to interpret the emission detected during the EUVE all-sky survey of Nova Cygni 1992 (approx. = V1974 Cyg), 279-290 days after visual maximum. We find the best fit to the observed emission from V1974 Cyg arises from a hot ONeMg white dwarf with surface temperature approx. 4 x l0(exp 5) K and a mas of approx. 1.2 solar mass, and derive an interstellar hydrogen column density of approx. 3 x 10(exp 21)/sq cm. Virtually all this emission arises from supersoft X-rays rather than the EUV. We also report the detection of V1974 Cyg with the EUVE Deep Survey detector at 549 days after visual maximum. This observation is compatible with the above properties, indicating that the mechanism responsible for the soft X-ray emission, connected with the underlying white dwarf, had not yet entirely turned off. We also present analysis of a ROSAT PSPC observation which is contemporaneous with the EUVE survey observations; this independently confirms the high column density we derived from the EUVE survey observation. Light curves for the EUVE and ROSAT observations are presented. Statistical tests for variability show that all of these observations are indeed highly variable over various time scales. The EUVE survey data shows one day variations, the EUVE DS data show approx. 30 minute fluctuations, while the ROSAT data vary rapidly on time scales of seconds. The EUVE data shows no periodic variability on any time scale. The implications of the

  19. Experimental Study of 17O(p,α)14N and 17O(p,γ)18F for Classical Nova Nucleosynthesis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We investigated the proton-capture reactions on 17O occurring in classical nova explosions. We observed a previously undiscovered resonance at ERlab=194.1±0.6 keV in the 17O(p,α)14N reaction, with a measured resonance strength ωγpα=1.6±0.2 meV. We studied in the same experiment the 17O(p,γ)18F reaction by an activation method and the resonance-strength ratio was found to be ωγpα/ωγpγ=470±50. The corresponding excitation energy in the 18F compound nucleus was determined to be 5789.8±0.3 keV by γ-ray measurements using the 14N(α,γ)18F reaction. These new resonance properties have important consequences for 17O nucleosynthesis and γ-ray astronomy of classical novae

  20. THE 7.1 HR X-RAY-ULTRAVIOLET-NEAR-INFRARED PERIOD OF THE {gamma}-RAY CLASSICAL NOVA MONOCEROTIS 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Page, K. L.; Osborne, J. P.; Beardmore, A. P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); Wagner, R. M. [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 W. 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Shore, S. N. [Dipartimento di Fisica ' ' Enrico Fermi' ' , Universita di Pisa, and INFN - Sezione di Pisa (Italy); Starrfield, S. [School of Earth and Space Exploration, P.O. Box 871404, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-1404 (United States); Woodward, C. E., E-mail: klp5@leicester.ac.uk [Minnesota Institute for Astrophysics, U. Minnesota, 116 Church St, SE Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)

    2013-05-10

    Nova Monocerotis 2012 is the third {gamma}-ray transient identified with a thermonuclear runaway on a white dwarf, that is, a nova event. Swift monitoring has revealed the distinct evolution of the harder and super-soft X-ray spectral components, while Swift-UV and V- and I-band photometry show a gradual decline with subtle changes of slope. During the super-soft emission phase, a coherent 7.1 hr modulation was found in the soft X-ray, UV, optical, and near-IR data, varying in phase across all wavebands. Assuming this period to be orbital, the system has a near-main-sequence secondary, with little appreciable stellar wind. This distinguishes it from the first GeV nova, V407 Cyg, where the {gamma}-rays were proposed to form through shock-accelerated particles as the ejecta interacted with the red giant wind. We favor a model in which the {gamma}-rays arise from the shock of the ejecta with material close to the white dwarf in the orbital plane. This suggests that classical novae may commonly be GeV sources. We ascribe the orbital modulation to a raised section of an accretion disk passing through the line of sight, periodically blocking and reflecting much of the emission. The disk must therefore have reformed by day 150 after outburst.

  1. Radio emission from novae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nature and measurement of radio emission from novae is discussed. The classical novae for which there are reported measurements of radio flux densities are listed. The three which have been studied most extensively are the slow nova HR Delta, the moderate speed nova FH Ser and the fast nova V1500 Cyg. Two different types of models have been used to model classical novae, the variable speed model and a Hubble flow model. V1500 Cyg has been observed in both radio and infrared spectra. The behaviour which explains this is discussed. Estimates of distance shell, mass and kinetic energy have been made from the data. Radioemissions from related objects and nova remnants are also discussed. (U.K.)

  2. Infrared emission from novae

    CERN Document Server

    Evans, A

    2012-01-01

    We review infrared observations of classical and recurrent novae, at wavelengths >3microns, including both broad-band and spectroscopic observations. In recent years infrared spectroscopy in particular has revolutionised our understanding of the nova phenomenon, by revealing fine-structure and coronal lines, and the mineralogy of nova dust. Infrared spectroscopic facilities that are, or will be, becoming available in the next 10 - 20 years have the potential for a comprehensive study of nova line emission and dust mineralogy, and for an unbiassed assessment of the extragalactic nova populations.

  3. The first two transient supersoft X-ray sources in M 31 globular clusters and the connection to classical novae

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Henze, M.; Pietsch, W.; Haberl, F.; Sala, G.; Quimby, R.; Hernanz, M.; Della Valle, M.; Milne, P.; Williams, G.G.; Burwitz, V.; Greiner, J.; Stiele, H.; Hartmann, D. H.; Kong, A. K. H.; Hornoch, Kamil

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 500, č. 2 (2009), s. 769-779. ISSN 0004-6361 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10030501 Keywords : M 31 * novae * globular clusters Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics Impact factor: 4.179, year: 2009

  4. Classical-Nova Contribution to the Milky Way's $^{26}$Al Abundance: Exit Channel of the Key $^{25}$Al($p,\\gamma$)$^{26}$Si Resonance

    CERN Document Server

    Bennett, M B; Chipps, K A; José, J; Liddick, S N; Santia, M; Bowe, A; Chen, A A; Cooper, N; Irvine, D; McNeice, E; Montes, F; Naqvi, F; Ortez, R; Pain, S D; Pereira, J; Prokop, C; Quaglia, J; Quinn, S J; Schwartz, S B; Shanab, S; Simon, A; Spyrou, A; Thiagalingam, E

    2013-01-01

    Classical novae are expected to contribute to the 1809-keV Galactic $\\gamma$-ray emission by producing its precursor $^{26}$Al, but the yield depends on the thermonuclear rate of the unmeasured $^{25}$Al($p,\\gamma$)$^{26}$Si reaction. Using the $\\beta$ decay of $^{26}$P to populate the key $J^{\\pi}=3^+$ resonance in this reaction, we report the first evidence for the observation of its exit channel via a $1741.6 \\pm 0.6 (\\textrm{stat}) \\pm 0.3 (\\textrm{syst})$ keV primary $\\gamma$ ray, where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. By combining the measured $\\gamma$-ray energy and intensity with other experimental data on $^{26}$Si, we find the center-of-mass energy and strength of the resonance to be $E_r = 414.9 \\pm 0.6(\\textrm{stat}) \\pm 0.3 (\\textrm{syst}) \\pm 0.6(\\textrm{lit.})$ keV and $\\omega\\gamma = 23 \\pm 6 (\\textrm{stat})^{+11}_{-10}(\\textrm{lit.})$ meV, respectively, where the last uncertainties are from adopted literature data. We use hydrodynamic nova simulations to model $...

  5. Recurrent Novae - A Review

    CERN Document Server

    Mukai, Koji

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, recurrent nova eruptions are often observed very intensely in wide range of wavelengths from radio to optical to X-rays. Here I present selected highlights from recent multi-wavelength observations. The enigma of T Pyx is at the heart of this paper. While our current understanding of CV and symbiotic star evolution can explain why certain subset of recurrent novae have high accretion rate, that of T Pyx must be greatly elevated compared to the evolutionary mean. At the same time, we have extensive data to be able to estimate how the nova envelope was ejected in T Pyx, and it turns to be a rather complex tale. One suspects that envelope ejection in recurrent and classical novae in general is more complicated than the textbook descriptions. At the end of the review, I will speculate that these two may be connected.

  6. OPTICAL AND X-RAY OBSERVATIONS OF M31N 2007-12b: AN EXTRAGALACTIC RECURRENT NOVA WITH A DETECTED PROGENITOR?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report combined optical and X-ray observations of nova M31N 2007-12b. Optical spectroscopy obtained 5 days after the 2007 December outburst shows evidence of very high ejection velocities (FWHM Hα ≅ 4500 km s-1). In addition, Swift X-ray data show that M31N 2007-12b is associated with a Super-Soft Source (SSS) which appeared between 21 and 35 days post-outburst and turned off between then and day 169. Our analysis implies that M WD ∼> 1.3 M sun in this system. The optical light curve, spectrum, and X-ray behavior are consistent with those of a recurrent nova. Hubble Space Telescope observations of the pre-outburst location of M31N 2007-12b reveal the presence of a coincident stellar source with magnitude and color very similar to the Galactic recurrent nova RS Ophiuchi at quiescence, where the red giant secondary dominates the emission. We believe that this is the first occasion on which a nova progenitor system has been identified in M31. However, the greatest similarities of outburst optical spectrum and SSS behavior are with the supposed Galactic recurrent nova V2491 Cygni. A previously implied association of M31N 2007-12b with nova M31N 1969-08a is shown to be erroneous, and this has important lessons for future searches for recurrent novae in extragalactic systems. Overall, we show that suitable complementary X-ray and optical observations can be used not only to identify recurrent nova candidates in M31, but also to determine subtypes and important physical parameters of these systems. Prospects are therefore good for extending studies of recurrent novae into the Local Group with the potential to explore in more detail such important topics as their proposed link to Type Ia Supernovae.

  7. Modelling nova populations in galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hai-Liang; Woods, T. E.; Yungelson, L. R.; Gilfanov, M.; Han, Zhanwen

    2016-05-01

    Theoretical modelling of the evolution of classical and recurrent novae plays an important role in studies of binary evolution, nucleosynthesis and accretion physics. However, from a theoretical perspective the observed statistical properties of novae remain poorly understood. In this paper, we have produced model populations of novae using a hybrid binary population synthesis approach for differing star formation histories (SFHs): a starburst case (elliptical-like galaxies), a constant star formation rate case (spiral-like galaxies) and a composite case (in line with the inferred SFH for M31). We found that the nova rate at 10 Gyr in an elliptical-like galaxy is ˜10-20 times smaller than a spiral-like galaxy with the same mass. The majority of novae in elliptical-like galaxies at the present epoch are characterized by low-mass white dwarfs (WDs), long decay times, relatively faint absolute magnitudes and long recurrence periods. In contrast, the majority of novae in spiral-like galaxies at 10 Gyr have massive WDs, short decay times, are relatively bright and have short recurrence periods. The mass-loss time distribution for novae in our M31-like galaxy is in agreement with observational data for Andromeda. However, it is possible that we underestimate the number of bright novae in our model. This may arise in part due to the present uncertainties in the appropriate bolometric correction for novae.

  8. The hunt for old novae

    CERN Document Server

    Tappert, C; Schmidtobreick, L; Ederoclite, A

    2013-01-01

    We inform on the progress of our on-going project to identify and classify old classical novae, using deep UBVR photometry and subsequent spectroscopy for a proper candidate confirmation, and time-resolved observations in order to find the orbital period and other physical properties of the identified old novae. This way, we have already increased the number of confirmed southern and equatorial post-novae from 33 to 50, and determined new orbital periods of eight objects. As an example, we summarise the results on V728 Sco (Nova Sco 1862) which we found to be an eclipsing system with a 3.32 h orbital period, displaying high and low states similar to dwarf-nova outbursts. Analysis of the low-state eclipse indicates the presence of a small hot inner disc around the white dwarf component.

  9. Nova Aquila 1919: a nova after all?

    CERN Document Server

    Lau, Herbert H B; Liu, X W

    2010-01-01

    Nova 1919 Aquila is today widely assumed to have been the result of a final helium shell flash occurring on a single post-asymptotic giant branch star. The fact that the outbursting star is in the middle of an old planetary nebula and that the ejecta associated with the outburst is hydrogen deficient supports this diagnosis. However, the material ejected during that outburst is also extremely neon rich, suggesting that it derives from an oxygen-neon-magnesium star, as is the case in the so-called neon novae. We have therefore attempted to construct a scenario that explains all the observations of the nebula and its central star, including the ejecta abundances. We find two scenarios that have the potential to explain the observations, although neither is a perfect match. The first scenario invokes the merger of a main sequence star and a massive oxygen-neon-magnesium white dwarf. The second invokes an oxygen-neon-magnesium classical nova that takes place shortly after a final helium shell flash. The main draw...

  10. Infrared Observations of novae in the SOFIA era

    CERN Document Server

    Gehrz, R D; Helton, L A; Woodward, C E

    2015-01-01

    Classical novae inject chemically enriched gas and dust into the local inter-stellar medium (ISM). Abundances in the ejecta can be deduced from infrared (IR) forbidden line emission. IR spectroscopy can determine the mineralogy of grains that grow in nova ejecta. We anticipate the impact that NASA's new Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) will have on future IR studies of novae.

  11. "Velhos são os Trapos": do positivismo clássico à nova era "Aged People are Rags": from classic positivism to the new era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos António Laranjeira

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Para que o ser humano consiga concretizar o direito à vida plena e digna, para que se justifique completamente a procura pela longevidade, deve socialmente permitir-se que essa vida maior seja igualmente melhor. Para que isso aconteça algo tem que mudar nas representações da velhice, no respeito pelas particularidades que a envolvem e pela oferta de estruturas específicas. A velhice é uma fase da vida que tem sido socialmente desvalorizada, negativamente representada, o que se reflete na qualidade de vida dos idosos. Esse ensaio reflexivo pretende desvelar os principais debates culturais sobre a velhice, ao analisar duas estruturas ideológicas dicotômicas sobre o envelhecimento e a velhice. Os resultados são defensores da necessidade de construção de imagens positivas sobre o envelhecimento, para combater os tradicionais modelos de declínio e de despessoalização. Realça-se a complexidade e a heterogeneidade dos fenômenos em análise sublinhando a aplicação de novas estratégias destinadas à construção de uma nova era sobre a velhice, ancorada nos paradigmas de cidadania e pluralidade sociais.For human beings to fulfil their right to live a full and dignified life, to completely justify the quest for longevity, it must be socially possible for that greater life to be also a better one. For this to occur, something needs to change in the representations of old age, in the respect for its particularities, and in the supply of specific structures. Old age is a stage of life that has been socially devalued, being represented in a negative way. This reflects on the quality of life of older people. This reflexive essay shall explore the main cultural debates regarding old age by analysing two dichotomic ideological structures on aging and old age. The results defend the need to build positive images regarding aging in order to fight the traditional models of decline and depersonalization. Noteworthy is the complexity and

  12. Novae news

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    As announced in the previous Bulletin, Novae has opened a new snack bar on the Flagstaff car park, just a few metres from CERN's reception area (Building 33).   Just a few metres from the CERN Reception, the new Novae snack point welcomes visitors and CERNois. Opening hours Currently: Monday to Friday, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. From September: Monday to Friday, 7:45 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Saturdays from 8 a.m. to 2 p.m. The snack bar selection includes breakfast, starting at 2.70 CHF, cold dishes from 5 CHF, and hot dishes from 6 CHF.   Novae has also installed a 24-hour-a-day food vending machine in the CERN hostel (Building 39) and in Building 13. You can buy pasta and cooked dishes for 6.50 CHF to 8 CHF. In addition, a groceries vending machine has been installed in the main building, just across from the news kiosk. Nearly 60 different items are available around the clock. Finally, Novae has introduced a new payment system in several buildings on the Meyrin site. It accepts credit ca...

  13. Modelling nova populations in galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Hai-Liang; Yungelson, L R; Gilfanov, M; Han, Zhanwen

    2016-01-01

    Theoretical modelling of the evolution of classical and recurrent novae plays an important role in studies of binary evolution, nucleosynthesis and accretion physics. However, from a theoretical perspective the observed statistical properties of novae remain poorly understood. In this paper, we have produced model populations of novae using a hybrid binary population synthesis approach for differing star formation histories (SFHs): a starburst case (elliptical-like galaxies), a constant star formation rate case (spiral-like galaxies) and a composite case (in line with the inferred SFH for M31). We found that the nova rate at 10\\;Gyr in an elliptical-like galaxy is $\\sim 10-20$ times smaller than a spiral-like galaxy with the same mass. The majority of novae in elliptical-like galaxies at the present epoch are characterized by low mass white dwarfs (WDs), long decay times, relatively faint absolute magnitudes and long recurrence periods. In contrast, the majority of novae in spiral-like galaxies at 10\\;Gyr hav...

  14. Near Infrared studies during maximum and early decline of Nova Cephei 2014 and Nova Scorpii 2015

    CERN Document Server

    Srivastava, Mudit K; Banerjee, D P K; Sand, D

    2015-01-01

    We present multi-epoch near-infrared photo-spectroscopic observations of Nova Cephei 2014 and Nova Scorpii 2015, discovered in outburst on 2014 March 8.79 UT and 2015 February 11.84 UT respectively. Nova Cep 2014 shows the conventional NIR characteristics of a Fe II class nova characterized by strong CI, HI and O I lines, whereas Nova Sco 2015 is shown to belong to the He/N class with strong He I, HI and OI emission lines. The highlight of the results consists in demonstrating that Nova Sco 2015 is a symbiotic system containing a giant secondary. Leaving aside the T CrB class of recurrent novae, all of which have giant donors, Nova Sco 2015 is shown to be only the third classical nova to be found with a giant secondary. The evidence for the symbiotic nature is three-fold; first is the presence of a strong decelerative shock accompanying the passage of the nova's ejecta through the giant's wind, second is the H$\\alpha$ excess seen from the system and third is the spectral energy distribution of the secondary i...

  15. Atomic processes in nova shells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The unusual spectra of the spatially-resolved nova shells of DQ Her, T Aur and CP Pup are reviewed. Because calculations for these conditions have not been made, recombination models of HI, HeI and CNO from a neutral to a doubly ionized state were constructed. The models are described and the results presented for densities at various temperatures. A photoionization model is also described. The effects of non-uniform density distributions in nova shells have been investigated and the observational consequences discussed. A model of the CP Pup shell is described and the evolution of this plasma during the nova's constant luminosity phase traced. The properties of neon novae are summarized and compared with the features seen in the optical spectra of old classical novae. Enhanced neon abundances are used in the model of the CP Pup Shell to investigate its effect on the evolution of the shell. Finally, the results of some near-infrared observations made on the shells of CP Pup, RR Pic and T Pyx are reported. 245 refs., 48 tabs., 17 figs

  16. Infrared spectra of nova dust shells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Results of fitting blackbody and pseudoblackbody functions to infrared photometry for three classical novae are briefly summarised. It is concluded that: the data are consistent with blackbody fits for all times for all three novae; the dust shell temperatures of LW Ser and NQ Vul rose after an initial decline, subsequently levelled out and finally fell; neither pre-existing grain, nor grain growth models, in their original forms, adequately account for the time-dependence. (Auth.)

  17. ONeMg novae and the evolution of their shells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The properties of ONeMg novae are summarized and compared with the features seen in the optical spectra of old classical novae. None of the old novae had ejection velocities as high as those of the ONeMg novae. Photo-ionization models of nova shells are used to trace how the ejecta from ONeMg novae should evolve, and to predict what old ONeMg nova shells should look like. Finally, the model we developed for CP Pup is used with enhanced neon abundances to see the effect it has on the evolution of the shell. A neon enhancement of between 10 and 100 times the solar abundance would most probably not have been noticed in the spectra of this object. (author)

  18. CNO "Breakout" and Nucleosynthesis in Classical Novae

    OpenAIRE

    Glasner, S. Ami; Truran, Jame. W.

    2008-01-01

    For very slow white dwarf accretors in CV's Townsley and Bildsten (2004) found a relation between the accretion rate and the central temperature of the white dwarf Tc. According to this relation for accretion rates less than 10^-10 solar masses per year Tc is much lower than 10^7 K. Motivated by this study we follow the thermonuclear runaway on massive white dwarfs (M_WD=1.25 - 1.40 solar masses) with Tc lower than 10^7 K, accreting matter of solar composition. We demonstrate that in that ran...

  19. CNO "Breakout" and Nucleosynthesis in Classical Novae

    CERN Document Server

    Glasner, S Ami

    2008-01-01

    For very slow white dwarf accretors in CV's Townsley and Bildsten (2004) found a relation between the accretion rate and the central temperature of the white dwarf Tc. According to this relation for accretion rates less than 10^-10 solar masses per year Tc is much lower than 10^7 K. Motivated by this study we follow the thermonuclear runaway on massive white dwarfs (M_WD=1.25 - 1.40 solar masses) with Tc lower than 10^7 K, accreting matter of solar composition. We demonstrate that in that range of the relevant parameter space (Tc,M_WD and accretion rate) the slope of the relation between the peak temperatures achieved during the runaway and Tc becomes much steeper than its value for Tc above 10^7 K. The peak temperatures we derive can lead to nuclear breakout from the conventional "hot carbon-nitrogen-oxygen" cycle. When breakout conditions are achieved the heavy element abundances can show a much wider variety than what is possible with the common enrichment mechanisms.

  20. On the Galactic Nova Progenitor Population

    CERN Document Server

    Darnley, M J; Harman, D J; Hounsell, R A; Munari, U; Ribeiro, V A R M; Surina, F; Williams, R P; Williams, S C

    2013-01-01

    Of the 350 or more known Galactic classical novae, only a handful of them, the recurrent novae, have been observed in outburst more than once. At least eight of these recurrents are known to harbour evolved secondary stars, rather than the main sequence secondaries typical in classical novae. Here we present a selection of the work and rationale that led to the proposal of a new nova classification scheme based not on the outburst properties but on the nature of the quiescent system. Also outlined are the results of a photometric survey of a sample of quiescent Galactic novae, showing that the evolutionary state of the secondary can be easily determined and leading to a number of predictions. We discuss the implications of these results, including their relevance to extragalactic work and the proposed link to type Ia supernovae. We also present a summary of the work using the SMEI instrument to produce exquisite nova light-curves and confirmation of the pre-maximum halt.

  1. A WISE view of novae. I. The data

    CERN Document Server

    Evans, A; Woodward, C E; Helton, L A

    2014-01-01

    We present the results of data-mining the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) archive for data on classical and recurrent novae. We find that the detections are consistent with dust emission, line emission, emission by a stellar photosphere, or a combination of these. Of the 36 novae detected in one or more WISE bands, 16 are detected in all four; thirty-one known novae are not detected by WISE. We also searched for WISE data on post-WISE novae, to gain information about nova progenitors. In this first paper we consider only the WISE data. In future papers we will provide a more detailed modelling of the WISE data, and discuss WISE data on post-WISE novae - including their variability - and will complement the WISE data with data from other IR surveys.

  2. NOVA 201 ultrasonic thickness gage (NOVA Gage)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garecht, Diane

    1990-01-01

    The measurement integrity of the NOVA 201 digital ultrasonic thickness gage (NOVA gage) was demonstrated by comparing the NOVA gage measurements to the thickness gage measurements, and determining the bias and uncertainty of the NOVA gage when measuring redesigned solid rocket motor (RSRM) hardware per engineering test plans (ETP). The NOVA gage was tested by three different operators on steel and aluminum RSRM hardware for wall thickness. The results show that the measurement bias is not consistent. The uncertainty of the bias is caused by the heterogeneous material properties of the RSRM components that influence the time of flight of ultrasonic waves. The measurement uncertainty inherent to the design and operation of the NOVA gage is less in comparison to the uncertainty of the bias. The total measurement uncertainty cannot be substantially reduced by taking more than one measurement. There is no correlation between bias and the surface finish range of this test unless 3-in-One oil is used as a couplant, in which case there appears to be a slight trend. There is no correlation between uncertainty and the surface finish range. The measurement uncertainty of the NOVA gage can be reduced using 3-in-One oil as a couplant.

  3. Recovery of old novae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Schmidtobreick

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Durante un proyecto a largo plazo dedicado a la investigaci on de novas cl asicas con explosiones de grandes amplitudes hemos llevado a cabo fotometr a a m ultiples longitudes de onda y espectroscop a optica de varios candidatos de novas viejas. Introducimos aqu el objetivo del proyecto, la b usqueda de novas con baja trans- ferencia de masa y per odos orbitales cortos, y explicamos el m etodo para recuperar estas novas viejas a trav es de sus caracter sticas de color. Finalmente nos concentramos en los primeros resultados para una selecci on de objetos de nuestra muestra.

  4. The Expanding Fireball of Nova Delphini 2013

    CERN Document Server

    Schaefer, G H; Gies, D R; Farrington, C D; Kloppenborg, B; Chesneau, O; Monnier, J D; Ridgway, S T; Scott, N; Tallon-Bosc, I; McAlister, H A; Boyajian, T; Maestro, V; Mourard, D; Meilland, A; Nardetto, N; Stee, P; Sturmann, J; Vargas, N; Baron, F; Ireland, M; Baines, E K; Che, X; Jones, J; Richardson, N D; Roettenbacher, R M; Sturmann, L; Turner, N H; Tuthill, P; van Belle, G; von Braun, K; Zavala, R T; Banerjee, D P K; Ashok, N M; Joshi, V; Becker, J; Muirhead, P S

    2015-01-01

    A classical nova occurs when material accreting onto the surface of a white dwarf in a close binary system ignites in a thermonuclear runaway. Complex structures observed in the ejecta at late stages could result from interactions with the companion during the common envelope phase. Alternatively, the explosion could be intrinsically bipolar, resulting from a localized ignition on the surface of the white dwarf or as a consequence of rotational distortion. Studying the structure of novae during the earliest phases is challenging because of the high spatial resolution needed to measure their small sizes. Here we report near-infrared interferometric measurements of the angular size of Nova Delphini 2013, starting from one day after the explosion and continuing with extensive time coverage during the first 43 days. Changes in the apparent expansion rate can be explained by an explosion model consisting of an optically thick core surrounded by a diffuse envelope. The optical depth of the ejected material changes ...

  5. Novae in globular clusters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present the first light-curve analysis of Population II novae that appeared in M31 globular clusters. Our light-curve models, based on the optically thick wind theory, reproduce well both the X-ray turn-on and turnoff times with the white dwarf (WD) mass of about 1.2 M ☉ for M31N 2007-06b in Bol 111 and about 1.37 M ☉ for M31N 2010-10f in Bol 126. The transient supersoft X-ray source CXO J004345 in Bol 194 is highly likely a nova remnant of 1.2-1.3 M ☉ WD. These WD masses are quite consistent with the temperatures deduced from X-ray spectra. We also present the dependence of nova light curves on the metallicity in the range from [Fe/H] = 0.4 to –2.7. Whereas strong optically thick winds are accelerated in Galactic disk novae owing to a large Fe opacity peak, only weak winds occur in Population II novae with low Fe abundance. Thus, nova light curves are systematically slow in low Fe environment. For an extremely low Fe abundance normal nova outbursts may not occur unless the WD is very massive. We encourage V or y filter observation rather than R as well as high cadence X-ray monitorings to open quantitative studies of extragalactic novae.

  6. Novae in Globular Clusters

    CERN Document Server

    Kato, Mariko; Henze, Martin

    2013-01-01

    We present the first light curve analysis of Population II novae that appeared in M31 globular clusters. Our light curve models, based on the optically thick wind theory, reproduce well both the X-ray turn-on and turnoff times with the white dwarf (WD) mass of about 1.2 Mo for M31N 2007-06b in Bol 111 and about 1.37 Mo for M31N 2010-10f in Bol 126. The transient supersoft X-ray source CXO J004345 in Bol 194 is highly likely a nova remnant of 1.2 -- 1.3 Mo WD. These WD masses are quite consistent with the temperatures deduced from X-ray spectra. We also present the dependence of nova light curves on the metallicity in the range from [Fe/H]=0.4 to -2.7. Whereas strong optically thick winds are accelerated in Galactic disk novae owing to a large Fe opacity peak, only weak winds occur in Population II novae with low Fe abundance. Thus, nova light curves are systematically slow in low Fe environment. For an extremely low Fe abundance normal nova outbursts may not occur unless the WD is very massive. We encourage V...

  7. Nova Scotia windfields

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Watling, B. [Renewable Energy Services Ltd., Windsor, NS (Canada)

    2002-07-01

    Scotian WindFields is a windfield development structure offering the citizens of Nova Scotia an opportunity to participate, with tax advantages, in the development of wind energy resources. This paper highlighted the objective of the financial incentive, its problems and the tool used to implement it. The end result is that Nova Scotians will have the right and opportunity to channel their registered retirement savings plan assets into community controlled corporations which will be capital participants in wind turbine development. Each dollar invested will yield a 30 per cent Nova Scotia investment tax credit. The plan functions through the Scotian WindFields Operating Agreement on Standard Oilfield Operating Agreement. 2 figs.

  8. A Hubble Space Telescope Survey for Novae in M87. I. Light and Color Curves, Spatial Distributions and the Nova Rate

    CERN Document Server

    Shara, Michael M; Lauer, Tod R; Zurek, David; Neill, J D; Madrid, Juan P; Welch, D L; Baltz, Edward A

    2016-01-01

    The Hubble Space Telescope has imaged the central part of M87 over a 10 week span, leading to the discovery of 32 classical novae. In this first in a series of papers we present the M87 nova finder charts, and the light and color curves of the novae. We demonstrate that the rise and decline times, and the colors of M87 novae are uncorrelated with each other and with position in the galaxy. The spatial distribution of the M87 novae follows the light of the galaxy, suggesting that novae accreted by M87 during cannibalistic episodes are well-mixed. We derive the nova rate for M87: $363_{-45}^{+33}$ novae/yr. We also derive the luminosity-specific nova rate for this galaxy, which is $9.17_{-3.0}^{+2.7} /yr/ 10^{10}L_\\odot,_{K}$. Both rates are 4 times higher higher than those reported for M87 in the past, and similarly higher than those reported for all other galaxies. We suggest that most previous ground-based surveys for novae in external galaxies, including M87, miss most faint, fast novae, and almost all slow...

  9. Nova program at LLNL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At LLNL, successful experimental work is being performed with the Nova laser facility, a solid state laser system using neodymium-doped glass laser technology. Nova is the primary U.S. facility devoted to the study of the indirect drive approach to inertial fusion. In this concept, energy from a laboratory driver is converted to radiation that is used to implode and heat the fusion fuel in an inertial fusion capsule. Nova's principial objective is to demonstrate that laser-driven hohlraums (chambers that trap electromagnetic radiation) can meet the conditions of driver/target coupling efficiency, driver irradiation symmetry, driver pulse-shaping, target preheat, and hydrodynamic stability required by hot spot ignition and by fuel compression in order to realize net fusion gain (fusion energy released/driver energy delivered). Major results within the Nova Program fall within the areas of laser performance, target diagnostics, and implosion experiments. (author) 2 figs

  10. Very high energy gamma-ray follow-up observations of novae and dwarf novae with the MAGIC telescopes

    CERN Document Server

    López-Coto, R; Bednarek, W; Desiante, R; Longo, F

    2015-01-01

    In the last few years the Fermi-LAT instrument has detected GeV gamma-ray emission from several novae. Such GeV emission can be interpreted in terms of inverse Compton emission from electrons accelerated in the shock or in terms of emission from hadrons accelerated in the same conditions. The latter might reach much higher energies and could produce a second component in the gamma-ray spectrum at TeV energies. We perform follow-up observations of selected novae and dwarf novae in search of the second component in TeV energy gamma rays. This can shed light on the acceleration process of leptons and hadrons in nova explosions. We have performed observations with the MAGIC telescopes of 3 sources, a symbiotic nova YY Her, a dwarf nova ASASSN-13ax and a classical nova V339 Del, shortly after their outbursts. We did not detect TeV gamma-ray emission from any of the objects observed. The TeV upper limits from MAGIC observations and the GeV detection by Fermi constrain the acceleration parameters for electrons and h...

  11. New Novae snack point

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    Located next to the car park by the flag poles, a few metres from the Main CERN Reception (building 33), a new snack point catered by Novae will open to the public on Wednesday 8 August. More information will be available in the next issue of the Bulletin!

  12. Synthesis of C-rich dust in CO nova ourbursts

    CERN Document Server

    Jose, Jordi; Eid, Mounib F El

    2016-01-01

    Context. Classical novae are thermonuclear explosions that take place in the envelopes of accreting white dwarfs in stellar binary systems. The material transferred onto the white dwarf piles up under degenerate conditions, driving a thermonuclear runaway. In those outbursts, about 10-7 - 10-3 Msun, enriched in CNO and, sometimes, other intermediate-mass elements (e.g., Ne, Na, Mg, or Al, for ONe novae) are ejected into the interstellar medium. The large concentrations of metals spectroscopically inferred in the nova ejecta reveal that the (solar-like) material transferred from the secondary mixes with the outermost layers of the underlying white dwarf. Aims. Most theoretical models of nova outbursts reported to date yield, on average, outflows characterized by O > C, from which only oxidized condensates (e.g, O-rich grains) would be expected, in principle. Methods. To specifically address whether CO novae can actually produce C-rich dust, six different hydrodynamic nova models have been evolved, from accreti...

  13. Fermi Reveals New Light on Novae in Gamma rays

    CERN Document Server

    Cheung, C C; Shore, S N; Grove, J E; Leising, M

    2016-01-01

    Novae are now firmly established as a high-energy (>100 MeV) gamma-ray source class by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT). In symbiotic binary systems such as V407 Cyg 2010, there is a firm theoretical framework for the production of shock-accelerated particles in the nova ejecta from interactions with the dense wind of the red giant companion. Yet, the high-energy gamma-ray emission detected in classical novae involving less evolved stellar companions cannot be explained in the same way and could instead be produced in internal shocks in the ejecta. We summarize the Fermi-LAT gamma-ray observations of novae, highlighting the main properties that will guide further studies. Additionally, we report on the soft gamma-ray (~0.1 MeV) continuum detection of the oxygen-neon type classical nova V382 Vel 1999 with the OSSE detector aboard the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory in light of its Fermi-era analog, V959 Mon 2012.

  14. The Galactic Nova Rate Revisited

    CERN Document Server

    Shafter, A W

    2016-01-01

    Despite its fundamental importance, a reliable estimate of the Galactic nova rate has remained elusive. Here, the overall Galactic nova rate is estimated by extrapolating the observed rate for novae reaching $m\\leq2$ to include the entire Galaxy using a two component disk plus bulge model for the distribution of stars in the Milky Way. The present analysis improves on previous work by considering important corrections for incompleteness in the observed rate of bright novae. Several models are considered to account for differences in the assumed properties of bulge and disk nova populations. The simplest models, which assume uniform properties between bulge and disk novae, predict Galactic nova rates between $\\sim$50 to as many as $\\sim$100 per year, depending on the assumed incompleteness at bright magnitudes. Models where the disk novae are assumed to be more luminous than bulge novae are explored, and predict nova rates up to 30% lower, in the range of $\\sim$35 to $\\sim$70 per year. An average of the most p...

  15. Vila Nova de Gaia

    OpenAIRE

    Almeida, Salvador de Pinho Ferreira de

    2012-01-01

    The Old Historic Centre of Vila Nova de Gaia is a real living document of the life conditions and construction techniques of ancestral generations representative of cultural values, namely historical, architectural, urbanistic or just emotional that cannot be lost by neglect or carelessness, as they constitute a collective memory. It is necessary to draw attention to the hygienic-sanitary issues (water supply, wastewater disposal, solid urban waste), quality of life (noise, air...

  16. The unreasonable effectiveness of experiments in constraining nova nucleosynthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parikh Anuj

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Classical nova explosions arise from thermonuclear ignition in the envelopes of accreting white dwarfs in close binary star systems. Detailed observations of novae have stimulated numerous studies in theoretical astrophysics and experimental nuclear physics. These phenomena are unusual in nuclear astrophysics because most of the thermonuclear reaction rates thought to be involved are constrained by experimental measurements. This situation allows for rather precise statements to be made about which measurements are still necessary to improve the nuclear physics input to astrophysical models. We briefly discuss desired measurements in these environments with an emphasis on recent experimental progress made to better determine key rates.

  17. Classical antiparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costella, J.P.; McKellar, B.H.J.; Rawlinson, A.A.

    1997-03-01

    We review how antiparticles may be introduced in classical relativistic mechanics, and emphasize that many of their paradoxical properties can be more transparently understood in the classical than in the quantum domain. (authors). 13 refs., 1 tab.

  18. Análises histopatológica e morfométrica no diagnóstico da "nova" displasia broncopulmonar e comparação clinicopatológica com a forma clássica da doença Histopathological and morphometric analysis in the diagnosis of "new" broncopulmonar dysplasia and clinical and pathological comparison with the classic form of the disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Terumy Okamoto

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A displasia broncopulmonar (DBP continua sendo a principal complicação nos recém-nascidos (RN prematuros. Com o uso de surfactante exógeno e da prevenção de doenças respiratórias no período neonatal a incidência de DBP clássica vem diminuindo, porém uma nova forma de DBP tem surgido, mais branda e associada aos desenvolvimentos pulmonar alveolar e vascular incompletos. Do ponto de vista anatomopatológico a DBP clássica é caracterizada por processos de lesão e reparação, e os achados da "nova" DBP são de hipoplasia alveolar com nenhuma fibrose. OBJETIVOS: Demonstrar as alterações histopatológicas e morfométricas em pulmões de prematuros que foram a óbito, com quadro clínico compatível com "nova" DBP, comparando-as com um grupo controle (sem DBP e com a forma clássica da doença, além de correlacionar os três grupos com o tempo de uso de oxigênio entre outros fatores de risco da DBP. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: A população foi composta por 59 amostras de pulmões de prematuros com idade gestacional (IG menor que 34 semanas e submetidos à oxigenioterapia. Fatores de risco para DBP foram coletados por meio da revisão de prontuários. Amostras pulmonares foram separadas em dois grupos, o com DBP clássica e o sem DBP clássica. O segundo grupo foi então submetido à análise morfométrica para contagem do número de alvéolos, medidas as áreas e os perímetros dos alvéolos. Após esta análise a população estudada ficou dividida em grupo com DBP clássica; com "nova" DBP (casos com mais de sete dias de oxigenioterapia; e grupo controle ou sem DBP clássica ou "nova" (casos com menos de sete dias de oxigenioterapia. RESULTADOS: o primeiro grupo apresentava inflamação e fibrose septal evidentes. Já os segundo e terceiro grupos apresentavam alterações histopatológicas mínimas, sendo então necessária a análise morfométrica para separá-los. O grupo com "nova" DBP apresentou número de alv

  19. EFFECTS OF A COMPANION STAR ON SLOW NOVA OUTBURSTS—TRANSITION FROM STATIC TO WIND EVOLUTIONS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two types of nova evolutions can occur in low-mass white dwarfs of ∼0.5-0.7 M☉, i.e., an evolution with optically thick winds like in usual classical novae, or an another type of evolution without them like in the symbiotic nova PU Vul. The latter type is characterized by spectra with no indication of strong winds as well as a long-lasting flat optical peak in its light curve. We propose a transition from evolution with no optically thick wind to usual evolution with optically thick winds as a new outburst model for slow novae that show a relatively long-lasting multipeak phase followed by a wind phase like in the slow novae V723 Cas, HR Del, and V5558 Sgr. We calculated nova envelopes with one-dimensional approximation of the companion's effects and found that when the companion star is deeply embedded in the extended nova envelope, the structure of the static envelope approaches that of the optically thick wind solution. Thus, the transition from static to wind solution is triggered by the effect of the companion. The transition occurs in a close binary nova like V723 Cas, but is not triggered in a long-period binary like PU Vul. We reconfirm our previous results that the frictional energy deposition is negligibly small in almost all hydrogen/helium novae because of the low envelope density at the orbit.

  20. NOVAS TECNOLOGIAS NO ENVELHECIMENTO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Maria Farah

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available O Programa de Estudos Pós-Graduados em Gerontologia/PUC-SP desenvolve pesquisas em diversificadas linhas algumas das quais têm em comum o acolhimento à questão das novas tecnologias no envelhecimento. São investigações de caráter interdisciplinar que envolvem docentes-pesquisadores, orientandos de mestrado e de iniciação científica. Na área da educação a distância, a PUC-SP inaugura um trabalho em que o idoso interessado em avançar em seus conhecimentos é recebido em um ambiente virtual de aprendizagem, em que pode participar de cursos avançados de aquisição de novas linguagens e de navegação na Internet, cujas consequências são o investimento em uma via mais digna para o envelhecer no sentido de esse idoso sentir-se um ser ligado aos novos tempos em que a interatividade digital traz-lhe possibilidades ilimitadas de contatos com o outro, com o mundo enfim. A pesquisa sobre a inclusão cibersocial do idoso mostra o que significa colocar o idoso em contato com a Internet, quando este recebe, por meio das redes sociais, ofertas de várias ordens, e equipamentos que contornam limitações de ordem física ou motora. Além disso, o registro digital da memória do idoso, de sua história e referências também podem constituir conteudos preciosos para pesquisas. A relação do idoso com a informática pode situá-lo como um ator, produtor e reprodutor no ciberespaço. Isso significa que as vantagens do uso do computador fazem o idoso ganhar novo sentido na vida, na medida em que pode assim preencher o vazio causado pelas perdas que lhe vão ocorrendo, possibilitando que ele redimensione seu olhar para o presente e futuro. Palavras-chave: o sujeito-idoso nas novas tecnologias; novas tecnologias e envelhecimento; o idoso na educação a distância; internet na velhice.

  1. Economic Security in Nova Scotia

    OpenAIRE

    Lars Osberg; Andrew Sharpe

    2008-01-01

    The report uses an aggregate index, based on security from the economic risks imposed by four key factors – unemployment, illness, old age, and single parenthood – to examine trends in economic security in Nova Scotia from 1981 to 2007. It concludes that economic security in Nova Scotia decreased during the 1981-2007 period.

  2. Franchising in Nova Scotia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Opportunities for the local distribution of natural gas in Nova Scotia were reviewed, with special emphasis on franchising. Franchising in Nova Scotia began in 1980, made possible by the passage of the Gas Utilities Act and the Pipeline Act which promised western Canadian natural gas to eastern Canada. However, proposals for franchisees to distribute natural gas in the province were abandoned as the hope for natural gas transmission service to the province faded. The plummeting of world oil prices by the mid-1980s was also a contributory factor. Discovery and development of natural gas facilities around Sable Island led to the September 1997 proclamation of the Gas Distribution Act, which also led to the revival of interest in franchising. The Act provides for the competitive marketing of natural gas as a commodity and the regulation of the gas delivery system under a franchise agreement. Competitive applications are expected early in 1998, with awards of franchises in late 1998. Construction and gas delivery services should begin operations late in 1999

  3. V2487 Oph 1998: a post nova in an intermediate polar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernanz, Margarita

    2014-01-01

    V2487 Oph (Nova Oph 1998) is a classical nova that exploded in 1998. XMM-Newton observations performed between 2 and 9 years after the explosion showed emission related to restablished accretion, and indicative of a magnetic white dwarf. The spectrum looks like that of a cataclysmic variable of the intermediate polar type. Anyway, we don't have yet a definitive confirmation of the intermediate polar character, through determination of spin and orbital periods. Although it is not the first nova exploding in a magnetic white dwarf, it is always challenging to reach explosive conditions when a standard accretion disk can't be formed, because of the magnetic field. In addition, V2487 Oph has been the first nova where a detection of X-rays - in the host binary system - has been reported prior to its eruption, in 1990 with the ROSAT satellite. V2487 Oph has been also detected in hard X-rays with INTEGRAL/IBIS and RXTE/PCA. Last but not least, V2487 Oph has been identified as a recurrent nova in 2008, since a prior eruption in 1900 has been reported through analysis of Harvard photographic plates. Therefore, it is expected to host a massive white dwarf and be a candidate for a type Ia supernova explosion. In a recent study of the progenitors of galactic novae, it has been emphasized that V2487 Oph is an important and interesting object, "intermediate" between the "standard" classical novae and other historical and well-known recurrent novae with shorter recurrence periods. It could be that in the end there's a continuous distribution of recurrence periods, instead of the common understanding up to now that "classical" and "recurrent" novae were quite apart (with recurrence periods of more than 104 years and less than 100years - approximately - respectively). We present the results of our campaign of several observations with XMM-Newton. The consequences for the understanding of such a puzzling object are discussed.

  4. Very-high-energy {\\gamma}-ray observations of novae and dwarf novae with the MAGIC telescopes

    CERN Document Server

    Ahnen, M L; Antonelli, L A; Antoranz, P; Babic, A; Banerjee, B; Bangale, P; de Almeida, U Barres; Barrio, J A; González, J Becerra; Bednarek, W; Bernardini, E; Biasuzzi, B; Biland, A; Blanch, O; Bonnefoy, S; Bonnoli, G; Borracci, F; Bretz, T; Carmona, E; Carosi, A; Chatterjee, A; Clavero, R; Colin, P; Colombo, E; Contreras, J L; Cortina, J; Covino, S; Da Vela, P; Dazzi, F; De Angelis, A; De Caneva, G; De Lotto, B; Wilhelmi, E de Oña; Mendez, C Delgado; Di Pierro, F; Prester, D Dominis; Dorner, D; Doro, M; Einecke, S; Glawion, D Eisenacher; Elsaesser, D; Fernández-Barral, A; Fidalgo, D; Fonseca, M V; Font, L; Frantzen, K; Fruck, C; Galindo, D; López, R J García; Garczarczyk, M; Terrats, D Garrido; Gaug, M; Giammaria, P; Godinović, N; Muñoz, A González; Guberman, D; Hanabata, Y; Hayashida, M; Herrera, J; Hose, J; Hrupec, D; Hughes, G; Idec, W; Kellermann, H; Kodani, K; Konno, Y; Kubo, H; Kushida, J; La Barbera, A; Lelas, D; Lewandowska, N; Lindfors, E; Lombardi, S; Longo, F; López, M; López-Coto, R; López-Oramas, A; Lorenz, E; Majumdar, P; Makariev, M; Mallot, K; Maneva, G; Manganaro, M; Mannheim, K; Maraschi, L; Marcote, B; Mariotti, M; Martínez, M; Mazin, D; Menzel, U; Miranda, J M; Mirzoyan, R; Moralejo, A; Nakajima, D; Neustroev, V; Niedzwiecki, A; Rosillo, M Nievas; Nilsson, K; Nishijima, K; Noda, K; Orito, R; Overkemping, A; Paiano, S; Palacio, J; Palatiello, M; Paneque, D; Paoletti, R; Paredes, J M; Paredes-Fortuny, X; Persic, M; Poutanen, J; Moroni, P G Prada; Prandini, E; Puljak, I; Reinthal, R; Rhode, W; Ribó, M; Rico, J; Garcia, J Rodriguez; Saito, T; Saito, K; Satalecka, K; Scapin, V; Schultz, C; Schweizer, T; Sillanpää, A; Sitarek, J; Snidaric, I; Sobczynska, D; Stamerra, A; Steinbring, T; Strzys, M; Takalo, L; Takami, H; Tavecchio, F; Temnikov, P; Terzić, T; Tescaro, D; Teshima, M; Thaele, J; Torres, D F; Toyama, T; Treves, A; Verguilov, V; Vovk, I; Will, M; Zanin, R; Desiante, R; Hays, E

    2015-01-01

    Context. In the last five years the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) instrument detected GeV {\\gamma}-ray emission from five novae. The GeV emission can be interpreted in terms of an inverse Compton process of electrons accelerated in a shock. In this case it is expected that protons in the same conditions can be accelerated to much higher energies. Consequently they may produce a second component in the {\\gamma}-ray spectrum at TeV energies. Aims. We aim to explore the very-high-energy domain to search for {\\gamma}-ray emission above 50 GeV and to shed light on the acceleration process of leptons and hadrons in nova explosions. Methods. We have performed observations with the MAGIC telescopes of the classical nova V339 Del shortly after the 2013 outburst, triggered by optical and subsequent GeV {\\gamma}-ray detec- tions. We also briefly report on VHE observations of the symbiotic nova YY Her and the dwarf nova ASASSN-13ax. We complement the TeV MAGIC observations with the analysis of con- temporaneous Fermi-...

  5. RECURRENT NOVAE IN M31

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The reported positions of 964 suspected nova eruptions in M31 recorded through the end of calendar year 2013 have been compared in order to identify recurrent nova (RN) candidates. To pass the initial screen and qualify as a RN candidate, two or more eruptions were required to be coincident within 0.′1, although this criterion was relaxed to 0.′15 for novae discovered on early photographic patrols. A total of 118 eruptions from 51 potential RN systems satisfied the screening criterion. To determine what fraction of these novae are indeed recurrent, the original plates and published images of the relevant eruptions have been carefully compared. This procedure has resulted in the elimination of 27 of the 51 progenitor candidates (61 eruptions) from further consideration as RNe, with another 8 systems (17 eruptions) deemed unlikely to be recurrent. Of the remaining 16 systems, 12 candidates (32 eruptions) were judged to be RNe, with an additional 4 systems (8 eruptions) being possibly recurrent. It is estimated that ∼4% of the nova eruptions seen in M31 over the past century are associated with RNe. A Monte Carlo analysis shows that the discovery efficiency for RNe may be as low as 10% that for novae in general, suggesting that as many as one in three nova eruptions observed in M31 arise from progenitor systems having recurrence times ≲100 yr. For plausible system parameters, it appears unlikely that RNe can provide a significant channel for the production of Type Ia supernovae

  6. Classical integrability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torrielli, Alessandro

    2016-08-01

    We review some essential aspects of classically integrable systems. The detailed outline of the sections consists of: 1. Introduction and motivation, with historical remarks; 2. Liouville theorem and action-angle variables, with examples (harmonic oscillator, Kepler problem); 3. Algebraic tools: Lax pairs, monodromy and transfer matrices, classical r-matrices and exchange relations, non-ultralocal Poisson brackets, with examples (non-linear Schrödinger model, principal chiral field); 4. Features of classical r-matrices: Belavin–Drinfeld theorems, analyticity properties, and lift of the classical structures to quantum groups; 5. Classical inverse scattering method to solve integrable differential equations: soliton solutions, spectral properties and the Gel’fand–Levitan–Marchenko equation, with examples (KdV equation, Sine-Gordon model). Prepared for the Durham Young Researchers Integrability School, organised by the GATIS network. This is part of a collection of lecture notes.

  7. Spectrophotometry of DWARF Novae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The spectrophotometry of seven dwarf novae was obtained from lambda lambda3800-5200 A three objects were observed during outburst and four near minimum. The Balmer lines in emission and absorption have similar widths (approx4540 km s-1). RU Peg, SS Cyg and AB Dra show weak C II lambda4227 in emission. EM Cyg shows strong He II lambda 4686 in emission during outburst. CY Lyr and UU Aq1 have, near maximum, equivalent widths comparable with those of a B3 III star. The emission line ratios from optically thin steady state accretion disc models are lower than the observed values. The latter are approx.3 times greater than Case B recombination values. The observed He I/H I flux ratios are consistent with the predicted values by Williams and Ferguson (1982) for models with high helium abundance. (author)

  8. Spectrophotometry of DWARF Novae

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Echevarria, J.; Costero, R.

    1983-01-01

    The spectrophotometry of seven dwarf novae was obtained from lambda lambda3800-5200 A three objects were observed during outburst and four near minimum. The Balmer lines in emission and absorption have similar widths (approx4540 km s/sup -1/). RU Peg, SS Cyg and AB Dra show weak C II lambda4227 in emission. EM Cyg shows strong He II lambda 4686 in emission during outburst. CY Lyr and UU Aq1 have, near maximum, equivalent widths comparable with those of a B3 III star. The emission line ratios from optically thin steady state accretion disc models are lower than the observed values. The latter are approx.3 times greater than Case B recombination values. The observed He I/H I flux ratios are consistent with the predicted values by Williams and Ferguson (1982) for models with high helium abundance.

  9. Olivier Chesneau's work on novae

    CERN Document Server

    Millour, Florentin

    2016-01-01

    Olivier Chesneau founded a brand new field of observational astrophysics with his attempts to resolve the novae expanding fireball from the very first days of the explosion. With the images he could get, he showed that novae do indeed explode in an aspherical way, leading to a change of paradigm for the physics of these yet-poorly understood catastrophic systems. He also set the stage for a new way of estimating novae distances, by directly measuring the sky-size of the fireball and comparing it with spectroscopic scales, taking into account the tremendous effects of the fireball geometry.

  10. Olivier Chesneau's Work on Novae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millour, F.; Lagadec, E.

    2015-12-01

    Olivier Chesneau founded a brand new field of observational astrophysics with his attempts to resolve the novae expanding fireball from the very first days of the explosion. With the images he could get, he showed that novae do indeed explode in an aspherical way, leading to a change of paradigm for the physics of these yet-poorly understood catastrophic systems. He also set the stage for a new way of estimating novae distances, by directly measuring the sky-size of the fireball and comparing it with spectroscopic scales, taking into account the tremendous effects of the fireball geometry.

  11. Classical Tunneling

    CERN Document Server

    Cohn, A G; Rabinowitz, Mario

    2003-01-01

    A classical representation of an extended body over barriers of height greater than the energy of the incident body is shown to have many features in common with quantum tunneling as the center-of-mass literally goes through the barrier. It is even classically possible to penetrate any finite barrier with a body of arbitrarily low energy if the body is sufficiently long. A distribution of body lengths around the de Broglie wavelength leads to reasonable agreement with the quantum transmission coefficient.

  12. Classical Tunneling

    OpenAIRE

    Cohn, Arthur; Rabinowitz, Mario

    2003-01-01

    A classical representation of an extended body over barriers of height greater than the energy of the incident body is shown to have many features in common with quantum tunneling as the center-of-mass literally goes through the barrier. It is even classically possible to penetrate any finite barrier with a body of arbitrarily low energy if the body is sufficiently long. A distribution of body lengths around the de Broglie wavelength leads to reasonable agreement with the quantum transmission...

  13. Classical Motion

    OpenAIRE

    Mould, Richard A

    2003-01-01

    Preciously given rules allow conscious systems to be included in quantum mechanical systems. There rules are derived from the empirical experience of an observer who witnesses a quantum mechanical interaction leading to the capture of a single particle. In the present paper it is shown that purely classical changes experienced by an observer are consistent with these rules. Three different interactions are considered, two of which combine classical and quantum mechanical changes. The previous...

  14. Neon novae, recurrent novae, and type I supernovae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over the past few years, we have been investigating the effects of accretion onto massive white dwarfs and its implications for their growth in mass toward the Chandrasekhar limit, in attempts to identify a possible relationship between SN I and novae. In our studies we have considered accretion at various mass accretion rates onto a variety of different white dwarf masses. We have found that there is a critical white dwarf mass above which a significant fraction of the accreted mass can remain on the white dwarf after the outburst. Below this value of the white dwarf mass, all of the accreted mass, plus core material dredged up into the envelope, is ejected as a result of the explosion. Our latest results include accretion and boundary layer heating produced by the infalling material. From these studies, we have identified some members of the class of recurrent novae, those involving a thermonuclear runaway, as the novae that are occurring on very massive white dwarfs and evolving toward an SN I explosion. One of the outgrowths of our uv studies of novae in outburst has been the identification of a class of novae which eject material that is very rich in the elements from oxygen to aluminum. We have shown that these outbursts occur on ONeMg white dwarfs, which are necessarily very massive white dwarfs. 11 refs

  15. Classical Motion

    CERN Document Server

    Mould, R A

    2003-01-01

    Preciously given rules allow conscious systems to be included in quantum mechanical systems. There rules are derived from the empirical experience of an observer who witnesses a quantum mechanical interaction leading to the capture of a single particle. In the present paper it is shown that purely classical changes experienced by an observer are consistent with these rules. Three different interactions are considered, two of which combine classical and quantum mechanical changes. The previously given rules support all of these cases. Key Words: brain states, conscious observer, detector, measurement, probability current, state reduction, von Neumann, wave collapse.

  16. V5852 Sgr: an unusual nova possibly associated with the Sagittarius stream

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydi, E.; Mróz, P.; Whitelock, P. A.; Mohamed, S.; Wyrzykowski, Ł.; Udalski, A.; Vaisanen, P.; Nagayama, T.; Dominik, M.; Scholz, A.; Onozato, H.; Williams, R. E.; Hodgkin, S. T.; Nishiyama, S.; Yamagishi, M.; Smith, A. M. S.; Ryu, T.; Iwamatsu, A.; Kawamata, I.

    2016-09-01

    We report spectroscopic and photometric follow-up of the peculiar nova V5852 Sgr (discovered as OGLE-2015-NOVA-01), which exhibits a combination of features from different nova classes. The photometry shows a flat-topped light curve with quasi-periodic oscillations, then a smooth decline followed by two fainter recoveries in brightness. Spectroscopy with the Southern African Large Telescope shows first a classical nova with an Fe II or Fe II b spectral type. In the latter spectrum, broad emissions from helium, nitrogen and oxygen are prominent, and the iron has faded which could be an indication to the start of the nebular phase. The line widths suggest ejection velocities around 1000 km s-1. The nova is in the direction of the Galactic bulge and is heavily reddened by an uncertain amount. The V magnitude 16 days after maximum enables a distance to be estimated and this suggests that the nova may be in the extreme trailing stream of the Sagittarius dwarf spheroidal galaxy. If so it is the first nova to be detected from that, or from any dwarf spheroidal galaxy. Given the uncertainty of the method and the unusual light curve we cannot rule out the possibility that it is in the bulge or even the Galactic disk behind the bulge.

  17. Classical entanglement

    OpenAIRE

    Danforth, Douglas G.

    2001-01-01

    Classical systems can be entangled. Entanglement is defined by coincidence correlations. Quantum entanglement experiments can be mimicked by a mechanical system with a single conserved variable and 77.8% conditional efficiency. Experiments are replicated for four particle entanglement swapping and GHZ entanglement.

  18. Classical Mechanics

    OpenAIRE

    Gallavotti, Giovanni

    1999-01-01

    This is the English version of a friendly graduate course on Classical Mechanics, containing about 80% of the material I covered during the January-June 1999 semester at IFUG in the Mexican city of Leon. For the Spanish version, see physics/9906066

  19. Shocks in nova outflows. II. Synchrotron radio emission

    CERN Document Server

    Vlasov, Andrey Dmitrievich; Metzger, Brian David

    2016-01-01

    The discovery of GeV gamma-rays from classical novae indicates that shocks and relativistic particle acceleration are energetically key in these events. Further evidence for shocks comes from thermal keV X-ray emission and an early peak in the radio light curve on a timescale of months with a brightness temperature which is too high to result from freely expanding photo-ionized gas. Paper I developed a one dimensional model for the thermal emission from nova shocks. This work concluded that the shock-powered radio peak cannot be thermal if line cooling operates in the post-shock gas at the rate determined by collisional ionization equilibrium. Here we extend this calculation to include non-thermal synchrotron emission. Applying our model to three classical novae, we constrain the amplification of the magnetic field $\\epsilon_B$ and the efficiency $\\epsilon_e$ of accelerating relativistic electrons of characteristic Lorentz factor $\\gamma \\sim 100$. If the shocks are radiative (low velocity $v_{\\rm sh} \\lesssi...

  20. Transient Classification and Novae Ejecta

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, Robert

    2016-01-01

    A third parameter, in addition to luminosity and rate of brightness decline, that is derived from the spectra of transients is suggested as a means of more accurately classifying objects in outburst. Principal component analysis of the spectra of transients is suggested as the best way to determine the third parameter. A model is suggested for novae ejecta that is based on the ballistic ejection of an ensemble of clouds having a wide range of sizes. Short term brightness fluctuations of novae, the formation of dust, and the production of X-ray emission follow naturally from such a picture of the evolving clouds.

  1. Shocks in nova outflows. II. Synchrotron radio emission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vlasov, Andrey; Vurm, Indrek; Metzger, Brian D.

    2016-08-01

    The discovery of GeV gamma-rays from classical novae indicates that shocks and relativistic particle acceleration are energetically key in these events. Further evidence for shocks comes from thermal keV X-ray emission and an early peak in the radio light curve on a timescale of months with a brightness temperature which is too high to result from freely expanding photo-ionized gas. Paper I developed a one dimensional model for the thermal emission from nova shocks. This work concluded that the shock-powered radio peak cannot be thermal if line cooling operates in the post-shock gas at the rate determined by collisional ionization equilibrium. Here we extend this calculation to include non-thermal synchrotron emission. Applying our model to three classical novae, we constrain the amplification of the magnetic field ɛB and the efficiency ɛe of accelerating relativistic electrons of characteristic Lorentz factor γ ˜ 100. If the shocks are radiative (low velocity v_sh ≲ 1000 km s-1) and cover a large solid angle of the nova outflow, as likely characterize those producing gamma-rays, then values of ɛe ˜ 0.01 - 0.1 are required to achieve the peak radio brightness for ɛB = 10-2. Such high efficiencies exclude secondary pairs from pion decay as the source of the radio-emitting particles, instead favoring the direct acceleration of electrons at the shock. If the radio-emitting shocks are instead adiabatic (high velocity), as likely characterize those responsible for the thermal X-rays, then much higher brightness temperatures are possible, allowing the radio-emitting shocks to cover a smaller outflow solid angle.

  2. Nova Scotia's offshore royalty regime

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oil production from the Hibernia project in Newfoundland's offshore began in December 1997. It is estimated that by 2010 some 30 per cent of Canada's light oil production and as much as 5-10 per cent of its natural gas production will originate from offshore Newfoundland and Nova Scotia. The current level of investment in east coast offshore petroleum developments is the result of the magnitude of discovered and undiscovered petroleum resources in the region. Advances in offshore petroleum technology also contributed to lower development costs. Another reason for increased investment has been an efficient and predictable regulatory environment and government policies. Nova Scotia's royalty regimes and the evolution of royalty regimes for the Sable Offshore Energy project were discussed. The Offshore Petroleum Royalty Act gives Nova Scotia the ability to establish a royalty regime through regulations, or to enter into royalty agreements on a project by project basis, or to use a mix of both agreement and regulation. The philosophy underlying Nova Scotia's royalty regime is to find the right balance between industry and government's share of project revenues

  3. Photometric study of DWARF novae

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Echevarria, J.; Jones, D.

    1983-01-01

    A catalogue of UBVRI photoelectric photometry of dwarf novae available in the literature is presented. A comparison with theoretical colour-colour diagrams from steady state discs is made. A correlation of V magnitude with the depth of the Balmer discontinuity is discussed.

  4. Status for CASA NOVA konsortiet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonke, Sten

    1997-01-01

    The report reviews the development projects and the results hitherto achieved by the design and build organisation CASA NOVA which is one of four consortia within the R&D programme "Process and Product Development in Building", financed by the Ministry of Industry and the Ministry of Housing....

  5. THE DUSTY NOVA V1065 CENTAURI (NOVA CEN 2007): A SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSIS OF ABUNDANCES AND DUST PROPERTIES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We examine the ejecta evolution of the classical nova V1065 Centauri, constructing a detailed picture of the system based on spectrophotometric observations obtained from 9 to approximately 900 days post-outburst with extensive coverage from optical to mid-infrared wavelengths. We estimate a reddening toward the system of E(B-V) = 0.5 ± 0.1, based upon the B - V color and analysis of the Balmer decrement, and derive a distance estimate of 8.7+2.8-2.1 kpc. The optical spectral evolution is classified as P ofe Nne Ao according to the CTIO Nova Classification system of Williams et al. Photoionization modeling yields absolute abundance values by number, relative to solar of He/H = 1.6 ± 0.3, N/H = 144 ± 34, O/H = 58 ± 18, and Ne/H = 316 ± 58 for the ejecta. We derive an ejected gas mass of Mg = (1.6 ± 0.2) x 10-4 Msun. The infrared excess at late epochs in the evolution of the nova arises from dust condensed in the ejecta composed primarily of silicate grains. We estimate a total dust mass, Md , of order (0.2-3.7) x 10-7 Msun, inferred from modeling the spectral energy distribution observed with the Spitzer IRS and Gemini-South GNIRS spectrometers. Based on the speed class, neon abundance, and the predominance of silicate dust, we classify V1065 Cen as an ONe-type classical nova.

  6. V5852 Sgr: An Unusual Nova Possibly Associated with the Sagittarius Stream

    CERN Document Server

    Aydi, E; Whitelock, P A; Mohamed, S; Wyrzykowski, Ł; Udalski, A; Vaisanen, P; Nagayama, T; Dominik, M; Scholz, A; Onozato, H; Williams, R E; Hodgkin, S T; Nishiyama, S; Yamagishi, M; Smith, A M S; Ryu, T; Iwamatsu, A; Kawamata, I

    2016-01-01

    We report spectroscopic and photometric follow-up of the peculiar nova V5852~Sgr (discovered as OGLE-2015-NOVA-01), which exhibits a combination of features from different nova classes. The photometry shows a flat-topped light curve with quasi-periodic oscillations, then a smooth decline followed by two fainter recoveries in brightness. Spectroscopy with the Southern African Large Telescope shows first a classical nova with an Fe II or Fe IIb spectral type. In the later spectrum, broad emissions from helium, nitrogen and oxygen are prominent and the iron has faded which could be an indication to the start of the nebular phase. The line widths suggest ejection velocities around $1000\\,{\\rm km\\,s^{-1}}$. The nova is in the direction of the Galactic bulge and is heavily reddened by an uncertain amount. The $V$ magnitude 16 days after maximum enables a distance to be estimated and this suggests that the nova may be in the extreme trailing stream of the Sagittarius dwarf spheroidal galaxy. If so it is the first no...

  7. The Contribution of Chemical Abundances in Nova Ejecta to the Interstellar Medium

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Fanger; Lu, Guoliang; Wang, Zhaojun

    2016-01-01

    According to the nova model from \\citet{Yaron2005} and \\citet{Jose1998} and using Monte Carlo simulation method, we investigate the contribution of chemical abundances in nova ejecta to the interstellar medium (ISM) of the Galaxy. We find that the ejected mass by classical novae (CNe) is about $2.7\\times10^{-3}$ $ \\rm M_\\odot\\ {\\rm yr^{-1}}$. In the nova ejecta, the isotopic ratios of C, N and O, that is, $^{13}$C/$^{12}$C, $^{15}$N/$^{14}$N and $^{17}$O/$^{16}$O, are higher about one order of magnitude than those in red giants. We estimate that about 10$\\%$, 5$\\%$ and 20$\\%$ of $^{13}$C, $^{15}$N and $^{17}$O in the ISM of the Galaxy come from nova ejecta, respectively. However, the chemical abundances of C, N and O calculated by our model can not cover all of observational values. This means that there is still a long way to go for understanding novae.

  8. The contribution of chemical abundances in nova ejecta to the interstellar medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Fanger; Zhu, Chunhua; Lü, Guoliang; Wang, Zhaojun

    2016-06-01

    According to the nova model from Yaron et al. (2005, ApJ, 418, 794) and José and Hernanz (1998, ApJ, 494, 680), and using a Monte Carlo simulation method, we investigate the contribution of chemical abundances in nova ejecta to the interstellar medium (ISM) of the Galaxy. We find that the mass ejected from classical novae is about 2.7 × 10-3 M⊙ yr-1. In the nova ejecta, the isotopic ratios of C, N, and O, that is, 13C/12C, 15N/14N, and 17O/16O, are higher by about one order of magnitude than those in red giants. We estimate that about 10%, 5%, and 20% of 13C, 15N, and 17O in the ISM of the Galaxy come from nova ejecta, respectively. However, the chemical abundances of C, N, and O calculated by our model cannot cover all observational values. This means that there is still a long way to go to understand novae.

  9. Classical tachyons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A review of tachyons, with particular attention to their classical theory, is presented. The extension of Special Relativity to tachyons in two dimensional is first presented, an elegant model-theory which allows a better understanding also of ordinary physics. Then, the results are extended to the four-dimensional case (particular on tachyon mechanics) that can be derived without assuming the existence of Super-luminal reference-frames. Localizability and the unexpected apparent shape of tachyonic objects are discussed, and it is shown (on the basis of tachyon kinematics) how to solve the common causal paradoxes. In connection with General Relativity, particularly the problem of the apparent superluminal expansions in astrophysics is reviewed. The problem (still open) of the extension of relativitic theories to tachyons in four dimensions is tackled, and the electromagnetic theory of tachyons, a topic that can be relevant also for the experimental side, is reviewed. (Author)

  10. V2487 Oph 1998: a post nova in an intermediate polar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernanz Margarita

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available V2487 Oph (Nova Oph 1998 is a classical nova that exploded in 1998. XMM-Newton observations performed between 2 and 9 years after the explosion showed emission related to restablished accretion, and indicative of a magnetic white dwarf. The spectrum looks like that of a cataclysmic variable of the intermediate polar type. Anyway, we don’t have yet a definitive confirmation of the intermediate polar character, through determination of spin and orbital periods. Although it is not the first nova exploding in a magnetic white dwarf, it is always challenging to reach explosive conditions when a standard accretion disk can’t be formed, because of the magnetic field. In addition, V2487 Oph has been the first nova where a detection of X-rays - in the host binary system – has been reported prior to its eruption, in 1990 with the ROSAT satellite. V2487 Oph has been also detected in hard X-rays with INTEGRAL/IBIS and RXTE/PCA. Last but not least, V2487 Oph has been identified as a recurrent nova in 2008, since a prior eruption in 1900 has been reported through analysis of Harvard photographic plates. Therefore, it is expected to host a massive white dwarf and be a candidate for a type Ia supernova explosion. In a recent study of the progenitors of galactic novae, it has been emphasized that V2487 Oph is an important and interesting object, "intermediate" between the "standard" classical novae and other historical and well-known recurrent novae with shorter recurrence periods. It could be that in the end there’s a continuous distribution of recurrence periods, instead of the common understanding up to now that "classical" and "recurrent" novae were quite apart (with recurrence periods of more than 104 years and less than 100years - approximately - respectively. We present the results of our campaign of several observations with XMM-Newton. The consequences for the understanding of such a puzzling object are discussed.

  11. Possible Nova in M31

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burwitz, V.; Pietsch, W.; Updike, A.; Hartmann, D.; Milne, P.; Williams, G.

    2007-10-01

    We report the discovery of an optical nova candidate in M 31 on two 4*60sec stacked R filter CCD images obtained with the robotic 60cm telescope with an E2V CCD (2kx2k) Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System (Super- LOTIS, located at Steward Observatory, Kitt Peak, Arizona, USA) on 2007 Oct 13.255, 13.259 with respective magnitudes of 18.0, 17.8. The position for the nova candidate is RA = 00h43m29.48s, Dec(2000) = +41d17'13.5" (J2000, accuracy of 0.2"), which is 8' 29" east and 1' 5" north of the core of M 31.

  12. The nova-like variables

    CERN Document Server

    Dhillon, V S

    1995-01-01

    We review optical observations and theoretical models of the non-magnetic nova-like variables (UX UMa, VY Scl and SW Sex stars). A brief discussion of the classification scheme is followed by a statistical overview of the observed properties. The most important features of each of the sub-classes are then reviewed, concluding with a summary of the theoretical models invoked to understand these systems.

  13. CK Vul: a smorgasbord of hydrocarbons rules out a 1670 nova (and much else besides)

    CERN Document Server

    Evans, A; Woodward, C E; Sarre, P J; van Loon, J Th; Helton, L A; Starrfield, S; Eyres, S P S

    2015-01-01

    We present observations of CK Vul obtained with the Spitzer Space Telescope. The infrared spectrum reveals a warm dust continuum with nebular, molecular hydrogen and HCN lines superimposed, together with the "Unidentified Infrared" (UIR) features. The nebular lines are consistent with emission by a low density gas. We conclude that the Spitzer data, combined with other information, are incompatible with CK Vul being a classical nova remnant in "hibernation" after the event of 1670, a "Very Late Thermal Pulse", a "Luminous Red Variable" such as V838 Mon, or a "Diffusion-induced nova". The true nature of CK Vul remains a mystery.

  14. Infrared studies of Nova Scorpii 2014: an outburst in a symbiotic system sans an accompanying blast wave

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi, Vishal; Banerjee, D. P. K.; Ashok, N. M.; Venkataraman, V.; Walter, F. M.

    2015-10-01

    Near-IR (NIR) spectroscopy is presented for Nova Scorpii 2014. It is shown that the outburst occurred in a symbiotic binary system - an extremely rare configuration for a classical nova outburst to occur in but appropriate for the eruption of a recurrent nova of the T CrB class. We estimate the spectral class of secondary as M5III ± (two sub-classes). The maximum magnitude versus rate of decline relations give an unacceptably large value of 37.5 kpc for the distance. The spectra are typical of the He/N class of novae with strong He I and H lines. The profiles are broad and flat topped with full width at zero intensities approaching 9000-10 000 km s-1 and also have a sharp narrow component superposed which is attributable to emission from the giant's wind. Hot shocked gas, accompanied by X-rays and γ-rays, is expected to form when the high-velocity ejecta from the nova ploughs into the surrounding giant wind. Although X-ray emission was observed no γ-ray emission was reported. It is also puzzling that no signature of a decelerating shock is seen in the NIR, seen in similar systems like RS Oph, V745 Sco and V407 Cyg, as rapid narrowing of the line profiles. The small outburst amplitude and the giant secondary strongly suggest that Nova Sco 2014 could be a recurrent nova.

  15. The physics of black hole x ray novae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheeler, J. C.; Kim, S.-W.; Moscoso, M. D.; Mineshige, S.

    1994-01-01

    X-ray transients that are established or plausible black hole candidates have been discovered at a rate of about one per year in the galaxy for the last five years. There are now well over a dozen black hole candidates, most being in the category of X-ray novae with low-mass companions. There may be hundreds of such transient systems in the galaxy yet to be discovered. Classic black hole candidates like Cygnus X-1 with massive companions are in the minority, and their census in the galaxy and magellanic clouds is likely to be complete. The black hole X-ray novae (BHXN) do not represent only the most common environment in which to discover black holes. Their time dependence gives a major new probe with which to study the physics of accretion into black holes. The BHXN show both a soft X-ray flux from an optically thick disk and a hard power law tail that is reminiscent of AGN spectra. The result may be new insight into the classical systems like Cyg X-1 and LMC X-1 that show similar power law tails, but also to accretion into supermassive black holes and AGN.

  16. Rapid Dust Formation in Novae: The Speed Class - Formation Timescale Correlation Explained

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, S C; Darnley, M J; Evans, A; Zubko, V; Shafter, A W

    2013-01-01

    Observations show that the time of onset of dust formation in classical novae depends strongly on their speed class, with dust typically taking longer to form in slower novae. Using empirical relationships between speed class, luminosity and ejection velocity, it can be shown that dust formation timescale is expected to be essentially independent of speed class. However, following a nova outburst the spectrum of the central hot source evolves, with an increasing proportion of the radiation being emitted short-ward of the Lyman limit. The rate at which the spectrum evolves also depends on the speed class. We have therefore refined the simple model by assuming photons at energies higher than the Lyman limit are absorbed by neutral hydrogen gas internal to the dust formation sites, therefore preventing these photons reaching the nucleation sites. With this refinement the dust formation timescale is theoretically dependent on speed class and the results of our theoretical modification agree well with the observat...

  17. The spectroscopic evolution of novae in the bulge of M31 and a search for their possible origin in the M31 globular cluster system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomaney, Austin Bede

    Results are presented from a three year (1987 to 1989) spectroscopic and photometric survey of novae in M3l's bulge, the first comprehensive study of novae outside the Galactic and Magellanic Cloud systems. Nine novae were detected and monitored and their spectra cover a range of outburst states from early decline to the early nebular phases. Broad agreement in spectral morphology and evolution is found with Galactic novae. Since Galactic novae are mainly disk objects, this indicates that novae outburst properties are not critically dependent on the metallicity of the progenitor population. However, in this sample, and in a sample of four M31 nova spectra taken in 1983, no fast, violent outbursts frequently associated with nova systems containing ONeMg white dwarfs were found, suggestive of a systematic difference between the observed proportion of such outbursts between Galactic and M31 bulge novae. Three novae in the sample were observed on succeeding nights during the transition phase of their evolution. Extraordinary variations in some nightly line strengths, particularly the N III lines, were discovered. It is argued that this variability reflects the deposition of drag energy by the secondary star during the common envelope phase of nova evolution and is indicative of a key phase in mass loss from nova systems. Observations include the spectroscopic coverage of an extremely slow nova from 1987 to l990, during the object's evolution in the nebula phase. This provided a unique opportunity to make the first detailed comparison of the evolution and properties of an extra galactic nova with those in our own Galaxy. The roughly solar abundances obtained are typical of similar slow Galactic novae. Further observations are also presented of a unique outburst in 1988 that was independently discovered and reported by Rich et al. These data confirm the inferences of other observers that the outburst differed markedly from that of a typical classical nova. Finally an

  18. Nova target chamber decontamination study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An engineering study was performed to determine the most effective method for decontamination of the Nova target chamber. Manual and remote decontamination methods currently being used were surveyed. In addition, a concept that may not require in-situ decontamination was investigated. Based on the presently available information concerning material and system compatibility and particle penetration, it is recommended that a system of removable aluminum shields be considered. It is also recommended that a series of tests be performed to more precisely determine the vacuum compatibility and penetrability of other materials discussed in this report

  19. Isotopic 32S/33S ratio as a diagnostic of presolar grains from novae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Parikh

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Measurements of sulphur isotopes in presolar grains can help to identify the astrophysical sites in which these grains were formed. A more precise thermonuclear rate of the 33S(p,γ34Cl reaction is required, however, to assess the diagnostic ability of sulphur isotopic ratios. We have studied the 33S(3He,d34Cl proton-transfer reaction at 25 MeV using a high-resolution quadrupole–dipole–dipole–dipole magnetic spectrograph. Deuteron spectra were measured at ten scattering angles between 10° and 55°. Twenty-four levels in 34Cl over Ex=4.6–5.9 MeV were observed, including three levels for the first time. Proton spectroscopic factors were extracted for the first time for levels above the 33S + p threshold, spanning the energy range required for calculations of the thermonuclear 33S(p,γ34Cl rate in classical nova explosions. We have determined a new 33S(p,γ34Cl rate using a Monte Carlo method and have performed new hydrodynamic nova simulations to determine the impact on nova nucleosynthesis of remaining nuclear physics uncertainties in the reaction rate. We find that these uncertainties lead to a factor of ≤5 variation in the 33S(p,γ34Cl rate over typical nova peak temperatures, and variation in the ejected nova yields of SCa isotopes by ≤20%. In particular, the predicted 32S/33S ratio is 110–130 for the nova model considered, compared to 110–440 with previous rate uncertainties. As recent type II supernova models predict ratios of 130–200, the 32S/33S ratio may be used to distinguish between grains of nova and supernova origin.

  20. Nuclear ashes and outflow in the eruptive star Nova Vul 1670

    CERN Document Server

    Kaminski, Tomasz; Tylenda, Romuald; Hajduk, Marcin; Patel, Nimesh A; Kraus, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    CK Vulpeculae was observed in outburst in 1670-16721, but no counterpart was seen until 1982, when a bipolar nebula was found at its location. Historically, CK Vul has been considered to be a nova (Nova Vul 1670), but a similarity to 'red transients', which are more luminous than classical nova and thought to be the result of stellar collisions, has re-opened the question of CK Vul's status. Red transients cool to resemble late M-type stars, surrounded by circumstellar material rich in molecules and dust. No stellar source has been seen in CK Vul, though a radio continuum source was identified at the expansion centre of the nebula. Here we report CK Vul is surrounded by chemically rich molecular gas with peculiar isotopic ratios, as well as dust. The chemical composition cannot be reconciled with a nova or indeed any other known explosion. In addition, the mass of the surrounding gas is too high for a nova, though the conversion from observations of CO to a total mass is uncertain. We conclude that CK Vul is ...

  1. Nova-driven winds in globular clusters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent sensitive searches for Hα emission from ionized intracluster gas in globular clusters have set upper limits that conflict with theoretical predictions. We suggest that nova outbursts heat the gas, producing winds that resolve this discrepancy. The incidence of novae in globular clusters, the conversion of kinetic energy of the nova shell to thermal energy of the intracluster gas, and the characteristics of the resultant winds are discussed. Calculated emission from the nova-driven models does not conflict with any observations to date. Some suggestions are made concerning the most promising approaches for future detection of intracluster gas on the basis of these models. The possible relationship of nova-driven winds of globular cluster X-ray sources is also considered

  2. Nova laser assurance-management system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a well managed project, Quality Assurance is an integral part of the management activities performed on a daily basis. Management assures successful performance within budget and on schedule by using all the good business, scientific, engineering, quality assurance, and safety practices available. Quality assurance and safety practices employed on Nova are put in perspective by integrating them into the overall function of good project management. The Nova assurance management system was developed using the quality assurance (QA) approach first implemented at LLNL in early 1978. The LLNL QA program is described as an introduction to the Nova assurance management system. The Nova system is described pictorially through the Nova configuration, subsystems and major components, interjecting the QA techniques which are being pragmatically used to assure the successful completion of the project

  3. The NOvA Technical Design Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ayres, D.S.; Drake, G.R.; Goodman, M.C.; Grudzinski, J.J.; Guarino, V.J.; Talaga, R.L.; Zhao, A.; /Argonne; Stamoulis, P.; Stiliaris, E.; Tzanakos, G.; Zois, M.; /Athens U. /Caltech /UCLA /Fermilab /College de France /Harvard U. /Indiana U. /Lebedev Inst. /Michigan State U. /Minnesota U., Duluth /Minnesota U.

    2007-10-08

    Technical Design Report (TDR) describes the preliminary design of the NOvA accelerator upgrades, NOvA detectors, detector halls and detector sites. Compared to the March 2006 and November 2006 NOvA Conceptual Design Reports (CDR), critical value engineering studies have been completed and the alternatives still active in the CDR have been narrowed to achieve a preliminary technical design ready for a Critical Decision 2 review. Many aspects of NOvA described this TDR are complete to a level far beyond a preliminary design. In particular, the access road to the NOvA Far Detector site in Minnesota has an advanced technical design at a level appropriate for a Critical Decision 3a review. Several components of the accelerator upgrade and new neutrino detectors also have advanced technical designs appropriate for a Critical Decision 3a review. Chapter 1 is an Executive Summary with a short description of the NOvA project. Chapter 2 describes how the Fermilab NuMI beam will provide a narrow band beam of neutrinos for NOvA. Chapter 3 gives an updated overview of the scientific basis for the NOvA experiment, focusing on the primary goal to extend the search for {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} oscillations and measure the sin{sup 2}(2{theta}{sub 13}) parameter. This parameter has not been measured in any previous experiment and NOvA would extend the search by about an order of magnitude beyond the current limit. A secondary goal is to measure the dominant mode oscillation parameters, sin{sup 2}(2{theta}{sub 23}) and {Delta}m{sub 32}{sup 2} to a more precise level than previous experiments. Additional physics goals for NOvA are also discussed. Chapter 4 describes the Scientific Design Criteria which the Fermilab accelerator complex, NOvA detectors and NOvA detector sites must satisfy to meet the physics goals discussed in Chapter 3. Chapter 5 is an overview of the NOvA project. The changes in the design relative to the NOvA CDR are discussed. Chapter 6 summarizes the NOvA

  4. Nova laser alignment control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alignment of the Nova laser requires control of hundreds of optical components in the ten beam paths. Extensive application of computer technology makes daily alignment practical. The control system is designed in a manner which provides both centralized and local manual operator controls integrated with automatic closed loop alignment. Menudriven operator consoles using high resolution color graphics displays overlaid with transport touch panels allow laser personnel to interact efficiently with the computer system. Automatic alignment is accomplished by using image analysis techniques to determine beam references points from video images acquired along the laser chain. A major goal of the design is to contribute substantially to rapid experimental turnaround and consistent alignment results. This paper describes the computer-based control structure and the software methods developed for aligning this large laser system

  5. Nova Gas's pipeline to Asia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The involvement of the Calgary-based company NOVA Gas International (NGI) in Malaysia's peninsular gas utilization (PGU) project, was described. Phase I and II of the project involved linking onshore gas processing plants with a natural gas transmission system. Phase III of the PGU project was a gas transmission pipeline that began midway up the west coast of peninsular Malaysia to the Malaysia-Thailand border. The complex 549 km pipeline included route selection, survey and soil investigation, archaeological study, environmental impact assessment, land acquisition, meter-station construction, telecommunication systems and office buildings. NGI was the prime contractor on the project through a joint venture with OGP Technical Services, jointly owned by NGI and Petronas, the Thai state oil company. Much of NGI's success was attributed to excellent interpersonal skills, particularly NGI's ability to build confidence and credibility with its Thai partners

  6. Nova outburst modeling and its application to the recurrent nova phenomenon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The thermonuclear runaway (TNR) theory for the cause of the common novae is reviewed. Numerical simulations of this theory were performed using an implicit hydrodynamic Lagrangian computer code. Relevant physical phenomena are explained with the simpler envelope-in-place calculations. Next the models that include accretion are discussed. The calculations agree very well with observations of common novae. The observational differences between common novae and recurrent novae are examined. We propose input parameters to the TNR model which can give the outburst characteristics of RS Ophiuchi and discuss the implications. This review is concluded with a brief discussion of two current topics in novae research: shear mixing on the white dwarf and Neon novae. 36 refs., 4 figs

  7. Early infrared development of Nova Cygni 1975

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Broad-band infrared photometry of Nova Cygni is presented for 50 days following discovery. During the first three days, the energy distribution is approximately that of a blackbody. A distance of 1.5 +- 0.5 kpc is derived from a measurement of the blackbody-expansion parallax. After the fourth day, the energy spectrum is close to F/sub v/=constant. A possible mechanism for producing this rapid change is discussed. Although the nova is unusual in several respects, the physical parameters derived from the observations are about normal for a very fast galactic nova

  8. Dengue: uma nova abordagem Dengue: a reappraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carlos Serufo

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available Os conceitos de dengue clássico, com ou sem hemorragia, e de febre hemorrágica do dengue (FHD que, pode cursar sem fenômenos hemorrágicos, com ou sem síndrome do choque do dengue (SCD, são revistos neste artigo. As definições clássicas propostas, úteis em outros tempos, geram confusão e dificultam a tomada de decisões no momento do tratamento dos pacientes com as formas graves da doença porque deixaram de incorporar novos conceitos e avanços terapêuticos. A classificação do dengue proposta neste trabalho, e apresentada em fluxograma, incorpora os conceitos atuais de sepse, síndrome da resposta inflamatória sistêmica (SIRS e síndrome da angústia respiratória do adulto (SARA. A nova classificação serve de guia para orientar a conduta terapêutica inicial e aproxima o tratamento do dengue aos protocolos e rotinas já implantados nos diversos centros hospitalares de urgência, facilitando a atuação dos serviços de saúde em situações de surtos epidêmicos.Previous definition of classic dengue, with or without bleeding, and of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF that may evolve without bleeding and with or without dengue shock syndrome (DSS are reviewed here. The classical approach to the diagnosis and treatment of dengue, although useful in the past, nowadays breeds confusion and adds a burden to the physician's task of decision-making regarding the treatment of patients with severe forms of the disease. The classification of dengue proposed in this paper, and summarized in a diagram, incorporates new concepts about sepsis, systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS, and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS. This new approach, in our view, is a useful guide to initial evaluation and treatment of the disease. It also approximates the dengue syndrome to other protocols and medical procedures routinely used in intensive care units, making it easier to be followed by the health personnel working in areas subject to

  9. The formation of Cataclysmic Variables: the influence of nova eruptions

    CERN Document Server

    Nelemans, G; Repetto, S; Toonen, S; Phinney, E S

    2015-01-01

    The theoretical and observed populations of pre-cataclysmic variables (pre-CVs) are dominated by systems with low-mass white dwarfs (WDs), while the WD masses in CVs are typically high. In addition, the space density of CVs is found to be significantly lower than theoretical models. We investigate the influence of nova outbursts on the formation and (initial) evolution of CVs. In particular, we calculate the stability of the mass transfer in case all the material accreted on the WD is lost in classical novae, and part of the energy to eject the material comes from a common-envelope like interaction with the companion. In addition, we study the effect of an asymmetry in the mass ejection, that may lead to small eccentricities in the orbit. We find that a common-envelope like ejection significantly decreases the stability of the mass transfer, in particular for low-mass WD. Similarly, the influence of asymmetric mass loss can be important for short-period systems and even more so for low-mass WD, but likely dis...

  10. Old novae and the SW Sex phenomenon

    CERN Document Server

    Schmidtobreick, Linda

    2013-01-01

    From a large observing campaign, we found that nearly all non- or weakly magnetic cataclysmic variables (CVs) in the orbital period range between 2.8 and 4 hours are of SW Sex type and as such experience very high mass transfer rates. The exceptions seem to be some old novae that have periods around 3.5 h. Their spectra do not show the typical SW Sex characteristics but rather resemble those of dwarf novae with low mass transfer rates. The presence of old novae in this period range of SW Sex stars that do not follow the trend but show instead rather low mass transfer rates is interpreted as evidence for an effect of the nova eruption on the mass transfer rate of the underlying CV similar to the hibernation scenario.

  11. Pulse shaping on the Nova laser system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Inertial confinement fusion requires temporally shaped pulses to achieve high gain efficiency. Recently, we demonstrated the ability to produce complex temporal pulse shapes at high power at 0.35 microns on the Nova laser system. 2 refs., 2 figs

  12. Nova Eruptions with Infrared Interferometric Observations

    CERN Document Server

    Ribeiro, Valério A R M

    2015-01-01

    Infrared interferometric observations have a great deal of potential to unravel the nature of the nova eruptions. We suggest that techniques, already in place, to derive the ejection details at optical wavelengths be used with infrared interferometric observations to derive parameters such as the ejected mass in a nova eruption. This is achievable based on modelling the initial phase of the eruption when the infrared light is dominated by the free-free thermal process.

  13. Quark Nova Model for Fast Radio Bursts

    OpenAIRE

    Shand, Zachary; Ouyed, Amir; Koning, Nico; Ouyed, Rachid

    2015-01-01

    FRBs are puzzling, millisecond, energetic radio transients with no discernible source; observations show no counterparts in other frequency bands. The birth of a quark star from a parent neutron star experiencing a quark nova - previously thought undetectable when born in isolation - provides a natural explanation for the emission characteristics of FRBs. The generation of unstable r-process elements in the quark nova ejecta provides millisecond exponential injection of electrons into the sur...

  14. Ultraviolet observations of LMC nova 1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This currently bright novae was first detected in outburst on March 21, 1988. Its discovery has given us the opportunity of studying the first extragalactic nova in the ultraviolet and we have, therefore, obtained a number of LWP and SWP spectra when it was at maximum. We have also obtained a high dispersion LWP spectrum in order to study the ISM in the Large Magellanic Cloud on a slightly different line-of-slight from that analyzed using SN 1987A

  15. NOVA Corporation of Alberta annual report, 1992

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nova Corporation and its related businesses are involved in natural gas production, gas pipelines, consulting services, and upgrading of natural gas into chemicals and plastics. Nova owns Alberta Gas Transmission Division, the primary gas transportation system in Alberta, with 11,400 miles of pipeline and total deliveries in 1992 of 3.4 trillion ft3. Nova also owns 50% of Foothills Pipe Lines Ltd., one of Canada's largest carriers of exported gas, and 50% of TQM Pipeline Partnership, which transports natural gas in Quebec. Nova conducts its chemicals business through Novacor Chemicals Ltd., which has plants in Alberta, Ontario, Quebec, and the USA. Novacor's major petrochemicals are methanol, ethylene, propylene, and styrene and its major plastics are polystyrene, polypropylene, and polyethylene. Nova's gas-producing branch Novalta Resources produced 26 billion ft3 of natural gas in 1992 and has proven reserves of 334 billion ft3. Nova's net income in 1992 was $164 million, compared to only $46 million in 1991. The company's operations, along with management discussion and analysis, are presented for 1992 and financial statements are included. 20 figs., 43 tabs

  16. Pulsed power supply for Nova Upgrade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes work carried out at the Center for Electromechanics at The University of Texas at Austin (CEM-UT). A baseline design of the Nova Upgrade has been completed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The Nova Upgrade is an 18 beamline Nd: glass laser design utilizing fully relayed 4x4 30 cm aperture segmented optical components. The laser thus consists of 288 independent beamlets nominally producing 1.5 to 2.0 MJ of 0.35 μm light in a 3 to 5 ns pulse. The laser design is extremely flexible and will allow a wide range of pulses to irradiate ICF targets. This facility will demonstrate ignition/gain and the scientific feasibility of ICF for energy and defense applications. The pulsed power requirements for the Nova Upgrade are given. CEM-UT was contracted to study and develop a design for a homopolar generator/inductor (HPG/inductor) opening switch system which would satisfy the pulsed power supply requirements of the Nova Upgrade. The Nd:glass laser amplifiers used in the Nova Upgrade will be powered by light from xenon flashlamps. The pulsed power supply for the Nova Upgrade powers the xenon flashlamps. This design and study was for a power supply to drive flashlamps

  17. AG Pegasi - now a classical symbiotic star in outburst?

    CERN Document Server

    Tomov, T V; Zamanov, R K

    2016-01-01

    Optical spectroscopy study of the recent AG Peg outburst observed during the second half of 2015 is presented. Considerable variations of the intensity and the shape of the spectral features as well as the changes of the hot component parameters, caused by the outburst, are discussed and certain similarities between the outburst of AG Peg and the outburst of a classical symbiotic stars are shown. It seems that after the end of the symbiotic nova phase, AG Peg became a member of the classical symbiotic stars group.

  18. What classicality? Decoherence and Bohr's classical concepts

    CERN Document Server

    Schlosshauer, Maximilian

    2010-01-01

    Niels Bohr famously insisted on the indispensability of what he termed "classical concepts." In the context of the decoherence program, on the other hand, it has become fashionable to talk about the "dynamical emergence of classicality" from the quantum formalism alone. Does this mean that decoherence challenges Bohr's dictum and signifies a break with the Copenhagen interpretation-for example, that classical concepts do not need to be assumed but can be derived? In this paper we'll try to shine some light down the murky waters where formalism and philosophy cohabitate. To begin, we'll clarify the notion of classicality in the decoherence description. We'll then discuss Bohr's and Heisenberg's take on the quantum-classical problem and reflect on different meanings of the terms "classicality" and "classical concepts" in the writings of Bohr and his followers. This analysis will allow us to put forward some tentative suggestions for how we may better understand the relation between decoherence-induced classical...

  19. Nova Sagittarii 2009 Number 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waagen, Elizabeth O.

    2009-08-01

    V5583 Sgr (Nova Sgr 2009 No. 3) was independently discovered by Koichi Nishiyama, Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan, and Fujio Kabashima, Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan, at unfiltered CCD magnitude 7.7 on August 6.494 UT, and by Grzegorz Pojmanski, Dorota Szczygiel, and Bogumil Pilecki, Warsaw University Astronomical Observatory, observed by ASAS3 at 7.78V on Aug. 6.182 UT. Coordinates from Nishiyama and Kabashima are 18:07:07.67 -33:46:33.9 (2000.0), from Pojmanski et al. 18:07:08 -33:46.6 (2000.0). It was confirmed optically by Nishiyama and Kabashima on Aug. 6.494 UT, and by Leonid Elenin, Moscow, and spectroscopically by Mitsugu Fujii, Fujii Bisei Observatory, Okayama, Japan, on Aug. 7.60 UT, and by Akira Arai et al. on Aug. 7.63 UT. V5583 Sgr (name assigned August 17 by the GCVS team, Moscow, after this Alert Notice was issued) has been assigned the name VSX J180707.6-334633 with the AUID 000-BJP-536. Observations should be reported to the AAVSO International Database as V5583! Sgr, N Sgr 2009 No. 3, N Sgr 2009#3, or VSX J180707.6-334633.

  20. A extração de cafeína em bebidas estimulantes: uma nova abordagem para um experimento clássico em química orgânica Caffeine extraction from stimulating beverages: a new approach for a classic organic chemistry experiment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugênia Cristina Souza Brenelli

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Caffeine extraction procedures from water soluble and water insoluble materials for preparing stimulating beverages are described. Water soluble materials used were instant tea and coffee and water insoluble materials were, among others, guaraná powder and maté leaves. The extraction of caffeine from water soluble materials, especially instant tea, is more suitable for an organic chemistry teaching laboratory than the classic experiment using tea leaves, due to the economy of time and a larger amount of extracted caffeine. The procedure is time-saving and requires only a four-hour period. The experiments illustrate the extraction process as used in undergraduate organic chemistry laboratories.

  1. Exquisite Nova Light Curves from the Solar Mass Ejection Imager (SMEI)

    CERN Document Server

    Hounsell, R; Hick, P P; Buffington, A; Jackson, B V; Clover, J M; Shafter, A W; Darnley, M J; Mawson, N R; Steele, I A; Evans, A; Eyres, S P S; O'Brien, T J

    2010-01-01

    We present light curves of three classical novae (KT Eridani, V598 Puppis, V1280 Scorpii) and one recurrent nova (RS Ophiuchi) derived from data obtained by the Solar Mass Ejection Imager (SMEI) on board the Coriolis satellite. SMEI provides near complete sky-map coverage with precision visible-light photometry at 102-minute cadence. The light curves derived from these sky maps offer unprecedented temporal resolution around, and especially before, maximum light, a phase of the nova eruption normally not covered by ground-based observations. They allow us to explore fundamental parameters of individual objects including the epoch of the initial explosion, the reality and duration of any pre-maximum halt (found in all three fast novae in our sample), the presence of secondary maxima, speed of decline of the initial light curve, plus precise timing of the onset of dust formation (in V1280 Sco) leading to estimation of the bolometric luminosity, white dwarf mass and object distance. For KT Eri, Liverpool Telescop...

  2. V2487 Oph 1998: a puzzling recurrent nova observed with XMM-Newton

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernanz, M.; Sala, G.; Ospina, N.

    2014-07-01

    V2487 Oph exploded as a classical nova in 1998. Several years later it was identified as a recurrent nova, with a previous eruption in 1900. Most recurrent novae host massive white dwarfs (WDs), which could increase in mass after each eruption, finally reaching the Chandrasekar mass and exploding as type Ia supernovae, if CO WDs. We observed V2487 Oph with XMM-Newton between 2 and 9 years after its explosion, to study its post-outburst behavior, and the WD and companion star properties. The emission revealed restablished accretion onto a magnetic WD in a cataclysmic variable of the intermediate polar (IP) type. Interestingly, V2487 Oph was also detected in hard X-rays with INTEGRAL/IBIS, and was again tentatively classified as IP. There's not yet a confirmation of P_{spin}(WD) < P_{orbit}, the defining property of IPs. V2487 Oph is not the first nova exploding in a magnetic CV, but it is indeed challenging to reach explosive conditions without genuine accretion disks. Also, the type of binary system should be reconciled with the fact of being recurrent (where larger accretion rates than in CVs are required). It will be discussed how XMM-Newton observations (EPIC and RGS) provide insight into such a puzzling object.

  3. Atmospheric deposition 2000. NOVA 2003; Atmosfaerisk deposition 2000. NOVA 2003

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ellermann, T.; Hertel, O.; Hovmand, M.F.; Kemp, K.; Skjoeth, C.A.

    2001-11-01

    This report presents measurements and calculations from the atmospheric part of NOVA 2003 and covers results for 2000. It summarises the main results concerning concentrations and depositions of nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur compounds related to eutrophication and acidification. Depositions of atmospheric compounds to Danish marine waters as well as land surface are presented. Measurements: In 2000 the monitoring program consisted of eight stations where wet deposition of ammonium, nitrate, phosphate (semi quantitatively) and sulphate were measured using bulk precipitation samplers. Six of the stations had in addition measurements of atmospheric content of A, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulphur compounds in gas and particulate phase carried out by use of filter pack samplers. Filters were analysed at the National Environmental Research Institute. Furthermore nitrogen dioxide were measured using nitrogen dioxide filter samplers and monitors. Model calculations: The measurements in the monitoring program were supplemented with model calculations of concentrations and depositions of nitrogen and sulphur compounds to Danish land surface, marine waters, fjords and bays using the ACDEP model (Atmospheric Chemistry and Deposition). The model is a so-called trajectory model and simulates the physical and chemical processes in the atmosphere using meteorological and emission data as input. The advantage of combining measurements with model calculations is that the strengths of both methods is obtained. Conclusions concerning: 1) actual concentration levels at the monitoring stations, 2) deposition at the monitoring stations, 3) seasonal variations and 4) long term trends in concentrations and depositions are mainly based on the direct measurements. These are furthermore used to validate the results of the model calculations. Calculations and conclusions concerning: 1) depositions to land surface and to the individual marine water, 2) contributions from different emission

  4. Nova Discovery Efficiency 1890-2014; Only 43%±6% of the Brightest Nova Are Discovered

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, Bradley E.

    2014-06-01

    Galactic nova discovery has always been the domain of the best amateur astronomers, with the only substantial exception being the use of the Harvard plates from 1890-1947. (Modern CCD surveys have not produced any significant nova discoveries.) From 1890-1946, novae were discovered by gentlemen who deeply knew the stars in the sky and who checked for new stars on every clear night. This all changed when war surplus binoculars became commonly available, so the various organizations (e.g., AAVSO, BAA) instructed their hunters to use binoculars to regularly search small areas of the Milky Way. In the 1970s the hunters largely switched to blinking photographs, while they switched to CCD images in the 1990s, all exclusively in Milky Way regions. Currently, most hunters use 'go-to' scopes to look deeply only in the Milky Way, use weekly or monthly cadences, never go outside to look up at the light-polluted skies, and do not have the stars memorized at all. This situation is good for catching many faint novae, but is inefficient for catching the more isotropic and systematically-fast bright novae.I have made an exhaustive analysis of all known novae to isolate the effects on the relative discovery efficiency as a function of decade, the elongation from the Sun, the Moon's phase, the declination, the peak magnitude, and the duration of the peak. For example, the relative efficiency for novae south of declination -33° is 0.5 before 1953, 0.2 from 1953-1990, and 0.8 after 1990. My analysis gives the overall discovery efficiency to be 43%±6%, 30%, 22%, 12%, and 6% for novae peaking brighter than 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 mag. Thus, the majority of first magnitude novae are being missed. The bright novae are lost because they are too close to the Sun, in the far south, and/or very fast. This is illustrated by the discovery rate for Vpeak<2 novae being once every five years before 1946, yet only one such nova (V1500 Cyg) has been seen in the last 68 years. A critical consequence of

  5. Gamma-ray novae as probes of relativistic particle acceleration at non-relativistic shocks

    CERN Document Server

    Metzger, Brian D; Vurm, Indrek; Hascoet, Romain; Beloborodov, Andrei M; Chomiuk, Laura

    2015-01-01

    The Fermi LAT discovery that classical novae produce >100 MeV gamma-rays establishes that shocks and relativistic particle acceleration are key features of these events. These shocks are likely to be radiative due to the high densities of the nova ejecta at early times coincident with the gamma-ray emission. Thermal X-rays radiated behind the shock are absorbed by neutral gas and reprocessed into optical emission, similar to Type IIn (interacting) supernovae. The ratio of gamma-ray and optical luminosities, L_gam/L_opt, thus sets a lower limit on the fraction of the shock power used to accelerate relativistic particles, e_nth. The measured values of L_gam/L_opt for two classical novae, V1324 Sco and V339 Del, constrains e_nth > 1e-2 and > 1e-3, respectively. Inverse Compton models for the gamma-ray emission are disfavored given the low electron acceleration efficiency, e_nth ~ 1e-4-1e-3, inferred from observations of Galactic cosmic rays and particle-in-cell (PIC) numerical simulations. Recent hybrid PIC simu...

  6. Enquête de satisfaction Novae

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    Novae lance une enquête de satisfaction auprès de ses clients. Vous pouvez accéder au questionnaire au sujet des trois restaurants d’entreprise du CERN en utilisant le lien et les codes ci-dessous. Le délai de réponse est fixé au jeudi 29 mai.   https://survey.mis-trend.ch/NOVAE Voici les codes à introduire (en respectant la casse) pour entrer dans le questionnaire, selon le site : CERN Restaurant n°1 : CERN114 CERN Restaurant n°2 : CERN214 CERN Restaurant n°3 : CERN314   Nous attirons votre attention sur le fait que tout questionnaire rempli sera validé. Nous vous prions donc de ne pas utiliser ce lien pour tester le questionnaire. Merci d’avance pour votre collaboration. L'équipe Novae

  7. The Distances of the Galactic Novae

    CERN Document Server

    Özdönmez, Aykut; Cabrera-Lavers, Antonio; Ak, Tansel

    2016-01-01

    Utilising the unique location of red clump giants on colour-magnitude diagrams obtained from various near-IR surveys, we derived specific reddening-distance relations towards 119 Galactic novae for which independent reddening measurements are available. Using the derived distance-extinction relation and the independent measurements of reddening we calculated the most likely distances for each system. We present the details of our distance measurement technique and the results of this analysis, which yielded the distances of 73 Galactic novae and allowed us to set lower limits on the distances of 46 systems. We also present the data of reddening-distance relations derived for each nova, which may be useful to analyze the different Galactic components present in the line of sight.

  8. Uranium in Nova Scotia: a background summary for the uranium inquiry, Nova Scotia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the mid 1970's Nova Scotia has experienced increased exploration for a number of commodities including uranium. The exploration activity for uranium has resulted in discovery of significant occurrences of the element. It became obvious to the Government of Nova Scotia that a segment of the population of the Province is concerned about the potential hazards associated with the exploration, mining and milling stages of the uranium industry. Public concern has resulted in the appointment of a Commissioner under the Public Inquiries Act of Nova Scotia to inquire and make recommendations to the Governor-in-Council on all aspects of exploration, development, mining, processing, storage, waste management and transportation of uranium in any form. The regulation of mineral exploration and mining activities is carried out by the Nova Scotia Department of Mines and Energy through the Mineral Resources Act of the Province of Nova Scotia. The regulation of the special radioactive aspects involved in the mining and processing of uranium ore is the responsibility of the federal Atomic Energy Control Board. The purposes of this report is to: outline the history of uranium exploration in Nova Scotia; summarize the results of geological surveys by provincial and federal government agencies, universities and exploration companies which document the natural levels of radioactivity in the Province; briefly outline the physical and chemical characteristics of uranium and thorium which make these elements unique and a potential environmental and health concern; outline chronologically the steps taken by the Nova Scotia Department of Mines and Energy to monitor and regulate uranium exploration activities; classify the types of uranium deposits known to occur in Nova Scotia and describe their main geological features; outline the role of the Nova Scotia Department of Mines and Energy in the regulation of mining activities in the Province. The report is written for the interested

  9. Assurance management program for the 30 Nova laser fusion project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nova assurance management program was developed using the quality assurance (QA) approach first implemented at LLNL in early 1978. The LLNL QA program is described as an introduction to the Nova assurance management program. The Nova system is described pictorially through the Nova configuration, subsystems and major components, interjecting the QA techniques which are being pragmatically used to assure the successful completion of the project

  10. Planets orbiting Quark Nova compact remnants

    OpenAIRE

    Keränen, P.; Ouyed, R.

    2003-01-01

    We explore planet formation in the Quark Nova scenario. If a millisecond pulsar explodes as a Quark Nova, a protoplanetary disk can be formed out of the metal rich fall-back material. The propeller mechanism transfers angular momentum from the born quark star to the disk that will go through viscous evolution with later plausible grain condensation and planet formation. As a result, earth-size planets on circular orbits may form within short radii from the central quark star. The planets in t...

  11. Terra Nova breaks new ground for alliances

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reviews the development of alliances to help develop the Terra Nova oil and gas field in the offshore Atlantic areas of Canada. Largely attributed to BP, the strategic alliance concept got its start in the North Sea and on the North Slope of Alaska. BP saw it as the best way to take advantage of economy-of-scale, mitigate risk, and achieve outsourcing goals while retaining their core competencies. This paper reviews the methods of developing the alliances, the developing of a development plan for the Terra Nova field, and how the alliance plans to maximize the profittability of the operation for all involved

  12. Infrared studies of Nova Scorpii 2014: an outburst in a symbiotic system sans an accompanying blast wave

    CERN Document Server

    Joshi, Vishal; Ashok, N M; Venkataraman, V; Walter, F M

    2015-01-01

    Near-IR spectroscopy is presented for Nova Scorpii 2014. It is shown that the outburst occurred in a symbiotic binary system - an extremely rare configuration for a classical nova outburst to occur in but appropriate for the eruption of a recurrent nova of the T CrB class. We estimate the spectral class of secondary as M5III $\\pm$ (two sub-classes). The maximum magnitude versus rate of decline (MMRD) relations give an unacceptably large value of 37.5 kpc for the distance. The spectra are typical of the He/N class of novae with strong HeI and H lines. The profiles are broad and flat topped with full width at zero intensities (FWZIs) approaching 9000-10000 km s$^{-1}$ and also have a sharp narrow component superposed which is attributable to emission from the giant's wind. Hot shocked gas, accompanied by X-rays and $\\gamma$ rays, is expected to form when the high velocity ejecta from the nova plows into the surrounding giant wind. Although X-ray emission was observed no $\\gamma$-ray emission was reported. It is...

  13. Uma nova forma de Coffea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. A. Krug

    1950-01-01

    Full Text Available Nos extensos trabalhos de melhoramento do cafeeiro, há 18 anos em realização na Subdivisão de Genética do Instituto Agronômico, tem-se dedicado especial atenção à espécie C. arabica L., pelo fato de todos os nossos cafèzais pertencerem a esta espécie que, sem dúvida, fornece o produto de melhor qualidade. Nas regiões de terras extremamente cansadas, um dos principais fatôres levados em consideração no melhoramento é a rusticidade, caráter êsse, entretanto, encontrado de preferência em outras espécies, tais como o C. canephora e C. Dewevrei, cujos cafés são de má qualidade. A hibridação interespecífica, que poderia reunir em uma só planta caraterísticos de rusticidade e boa qualidade de bebida, tem o inconveniente de dar origem a plantas triplóides, que são estéreis. Daí se deduz que a obtenção artificial de formas que combinassem êsses caraterísticos constitui problema, cuja solução é extremamente demorada. No presente trabalho, apresentam-se os caracteres de uma nova forma de Coffea, encontrada em cafèzal da Fazenda Itaporã, em Terra Roxa, município de Viradouro, que, com algumas ressalvas, oferece a desejada combinação de caracteres. Trata-se, provàvelmente, de um híbrido espontâneo entre C. arabica e C. Dewevrei, com 2n = 44 cromosômios, extremamente rústico e produtivo, cujas sementes fornecem uma bebida que pode ser classificada como boa. Apenas apresenta, como principal defeito, uma auto-esterilidade quase completa. Os seus caraterísticos botânicos são descritos em detalhe. Devido ao seu porte elevado, ramos abundantes e folhas grandes e coriáceas, esse cafeeiro se assemelha ao C. Dewevrei. Os frutos são oval-elípticos, de um vermelho bem escuro quando maduros, e as sementes oblongas, constatan-do-se elevada percentagem do tipo "moca" e "chocha". Quanto à constituição citológica, as pesquisas conduziram à hipótese de este cafeeiro possuir 22 cromosômios de C. arabica e 22 (n

  14. Nova variedade de Menta arvensis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abelardo Rodrigues Lima

    1952-09-01

    Full Text Available No quarto ano dos trabalhos de seleção com a menta japonêsa, foi encontrado um "seedling", o M. A. 701, que se destacou pela resistência à ferrugem e pela sua rusticidade. Os caracteres botânicos dessa variedade comercial, principalmente hábito vegetativo, coloração das fôlhas e das hastes, a tornam completa' mente distinta da variedade original. Esta distinção se confirma e acentua quando se compara a natureza dos componentes do óleo essencial da menta "Campinas" M. A. 701, descrita no presente trabalho, com a menta japonêsa comum. A maior produtividade da nova variedade comparada com a da menta japonesa comum foi desde logo também constatada pelos primeiros lavradores, a quem foram enviadas pequenas quantidades de rizomas, para plantio experimental. Foram cultivados em 1949-50 cêrca de 12 hectares; cm 1950-51, cêrca de 900 ha, e o prognóstico é que essa variedade tende a substituir totalmente a menta japonêsa anteriormente cultivada em São Paulo, devido ao seu maior valor econômico.A seedling, designated M.A.701, remarkable for its vigor and resistance to rust, was discovered during the fourth year of selection of Japanese mint (Mentha arvensis L. subsp. haplocalix Briquet var. piperascens Holmes or forma piperascens Malinvaud. The botanical characters of the variety derived from this seedling, especially the vegetative habit and colouring of leaves and stems, make it quite different from the original variety. This difference is enhanced, when we compare the nature of the essential oil components of "Campinas" M.A.701, as described in the present paper, with that of the common Japanese mint. The higher yield of the new variety, compared with that of the common Japanese mint, was soon confirmed by the first cultivators, to whom small quantities of rhizomes were sent for experimental planting. About 12 hectars were cultivated em 1949/50 and about 900 hectars in 1950/51. It is expected that the new variety will, on account

  15. Nova-induced mass transfer variations

    CERN Document Server

    Kolb, U; Schenker, K; Howell, S; Kolb, Ulrich; Rappaport, Saul; Schenker, Klaus; Howell, Steve

    2001-01-01

    We investigate variations of the mass transfer rate in cataclysmic variables (CVs) that are induced by nova outbursts. The ejection of nova shells leads to a spread of transfer rates in systems with similar orbital period. The effect is maximal if the specific angular momentum in the shell is the same as the specific orbital angular momentum of the white dwarf. We show analytically that in this case the nova-induced widening of the mass transfer rate distribution can be significant if the system, in the absence of nova outbursts, is close to mass transfer instability (i.e., within a factor of ~1.5 of the critical mass ratio). Hence the effect is negligible below the period gap and for systems with high-mass white dwarfs. At orbital periods between about 3 and 6 hrs the width of the mass transfer rate distribution exceeds an order of magnitude if the mass accreted on the white dwarf prior to the runaway is larger than a few 10^{-4} M_sun. At a given orbital period in this range, systems with the highest transf...

  16. A photometric study of DWARF novae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A catalogue of UBVRI photoelectric photometry of dwarf novae available in the literature is presented. A comparison with theoretical colour-colour diagrams from steady state discs is made. A correlation of V magnitude with the depth of the Balmer discontinuity is discussed. (author)

  17. ULF fluctuations at Terra Nova Bay (Antarctica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Meloni

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available ULF geomagnetic field measurements in Antarctica are a very important tool for better understanding the dynamics of the Earth’s magnetosphere and its response to the variable solar wind conditions. We review the results obtained in the last few years at the Italian observatory at Terra Nova Bay

  18. Enriched Students Program: Nova Scotia, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aylward, Margaret

    1987-01-01

    The Russell C. Gordon Elementary School (Nova Scotia, Canada) offers the Enriched Students Program (ESP) for academically gifted students. ESP goals include: fostering and developing individual interests of students; initiating higher level thinking skills; strengthening task commitment; stimulating creativity; promoting leadership qualities; and…

  19. Privatisation and deregulation : the Nova Scotia story

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper described the approach that Nova Scotia Power has taken regarding deregulation. The utility, which was privatised in 1992, operates in competitive markets for more than half of their business, in areas such as home heating, water heating and energy supply for industrial and commercial customers. Since privatization, the utility has seen significant improvements in all major operations of their business. Nova Scotia Power places much focus on their customers to ensure that their service and energy needs are met. The utility has established a call centre to allow customers to reach them 24-hours a day for information during power outages. In 2001, their geographic information system was enhanced to pinpoint locations and causes of outages and to reduce response time. In addition, a Smart Energy Information Service was launched to large commercial and industrial customers. This service combines advanced meters with web-enabled software to help customers manage their energy costs. The utility also places much focus on safety and the environment by examining viable Green Power options such as wind, biomass and hydro-electric generation. Since privatization, the utility has improved reliability, reducing the number of outages by 50 per cent, and the rates have remained less than half the rate of inflation. Nova Scotia Power has also been working with their regulator, the Nova Scotia Utilities and Review Board, to provide new pricing options which would give customers more choices and lower energy costs

  20. Nova pulse power system description and status

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nova laser system is designed to produce critical data in the nation's inertial confinement fusion effort. It is the world's largest peak power laser and presents various unique pulse power problems. In this paper, pulse power systems for this laser are described, the evolutionary points from prior systems are pointed out, and the current status of the hardware is given

  1. Bidirectional coherent classical communication

    OpenAIRE

    Harrow, Aram W.; Leung, Debbie W.

    2005-01-01

    A unitary interaction coupling two parties enables quantum or classical communication in both the forward and backward directions. Each communication capacity can be thought of as a tradeoff between the achievable rates of specific types of forward and backward communication. Our first result shows that for any bipartite unitary gate, bidirectional coherent classical communication is no more difficult than bidirectional classical communication — they have the same achievable rate regions. ...

  2. Entanglement in Classical Optics

    OpenAIRE

    Ghose, Partha; Mukherjee, Anirban

    2013-01-01

    The emerging field of entanglement or nonseparability in classical optics is reviewed, and its similarities with and differences from quantum entanglement clearly pointed out through a recapitulation of Hilbert spaces in general, the special restrictions on Hilbert spaces imposed in quantum mechanics and the role of Hilbert spaces in classical polarization optics. The production of Bell-like states in classical polarization optics is discussed, and new theorems are proved to discriminate betw...

  3. NOVA Making Stuff Season 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leombruni, Lisa; Paulsen, Christine Andrews

    2014-12-12

    Over the course of four weeks in fall 2013, 11.7 million Americans tuned in to PBS to follow host David Pogue as he led them in search of engineering and scientific breakthroughs poised to change our world. Levitating trains, quantum computers, robotic bees, and bomb-detecting plants—these were just a few of the cutting-edge innovations brought into the living rooms of families across the country in NOVA’s four-part series, Making Stuff: Faster, Wilder, Colder, and Safer. Each of the four one-hour programs gave viewers a behind-the-scenes look at novel technologies poised to change our world—showing them how basic research and scientific discovery can hold the keys to transforming how we live. Making Stuff Season 2 (MS2) combined true entertainment with educational value, creating a popular and engaging series that brought accessible science into the homes of millions. NOVA’s goal to engage the public with such technological innovation and basic research extended beyond the broadcast series, including a variety of online, educational, and promotional activities: original online science reporting, web-only short-form videos, a new online quiz-game, social media engagement and promotion, an educational outreach “toolkit” for science educators to create their own “makerspaces,” an online community of practice, a series of nationwide Innovation Cafés, educator professional development, a suite of teacher resources, an “Idealab,” participation in national conferences, and specialized station relation and marketing. A summative evaluation of the MS2 project indicates that overall, these activities helped make a significant impact on the viewers, users, and participants that NOVA reached. The final evaluation conducted by Concord Evaluation Group (CEG) confidently concluded that the broadcast, website, and outreach activities were successful at achieving the project’s intended impacts. CEG reported that the MS2 series and website content were

  4. Classical, Semi-classical and Quantum Noise

    CERN Document Server

    Poor, H; Scully, Marlan

    2012-01-01

    David Middleton was a towering figure of 20th Century engineering and science and one of the founders of statistical communication theory. During the second World War, the young David Middleton, working with Van Fleck, devised the notion of the matched filter, which is the most basic method used for detecting signals in noise. Over the intervening six decades, the contributions of Middleton have become classics. This collection of essays by leading scientists, engineers and colleagues of David are in his honor and reflect the wide  influence that he has had on many fields. Also included is the introduction by Middleton to his forthcoming book, which gives a wonderful view of the field of communication, its history and his own views on the field that he developed over the past 60 years. Focusing on classical noise modeling and applications, Classical, Semi-Classical and Quantum Noise includes coverage of statistical communication theory, non-stationary noise, molecular footprints, noise suppression, Quantum e...

  5. Teleportation via classical entanglement

    CERN Document Server

    Rafsanjani, Seyed Mohammad Hashemi; Magaña-Loaiza, Omar S; Boyd, Robert W

    2015-01-01

    We present a classical counterpart to quantum teleportation that uses classical entanglement instead of quantum entanglement. In our implementation we take advantage of classical entanglement among three parties: orbital angular momentum (OAM), polarization, and the radial degrees of freedom of a beam of light. We demonstrate the teleportation of arbitrary OAM states, in the subspace spanned by any two OAM states, to the polarization of the same beam. Our letter presents the first classical demonstration of a commonly-perceived--quantum phenomenon that requires entanglement among more than two parties.

  6. The NOvA software testing framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamsett, M.; C Group

    2015-12-01

    The NOvA experiment at Fermilab is a long-baseline neutrino experiment designed to study vε appearance in a vμ beam. NOvA has already produced more than one million Monte Carlo and detector generated files amounting to more than 1 PB in size. This data is divided between a number of parallel streams such as far and near detector beam spills, cosmic ray backgrounds, a number of data-driven triggers and over 20 different Monte Carlo configurations. Each of these data streams must be processed through the appropriate steps of the rapidly evolving, multi-tiered, interdependent NOvA software framework. In total there are greater than 12 individual software tiers, each of which performs a different function and can be configured differently depending on the input stream. In order to regularly test and validate that all of these software stages are working correctly NOvA has designed a powerful, modular testing framework that enables detailed validation and benchmarking to be performed in a fast, efficient and accessible way with minimal expert knowledge. The core of this system is a novel series of python modules which wrap, monitor and handle the underlying C++ software framework and then report the results to a slick front-end web-based interface. This interface utilises modern, cross-platform, visualisation libraries to render the test results in a meaningful way. They are fast and flexible, allowing for the easy addition of new tests and datasets. In total upwards of 14 individual streams are regularly tested amounting to over 70 individual software processes, producing over 25 GB of output files. The rigour enforced through this flexible testing framework enables NOvA to rapidly verify configurations, results and software and thus ensure that data is available for physics analysis in a timely and robust manner.

  7. NOVA laser facility for inertial confinement fusion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NOVA laser fusion research facility, currently under construction at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, will provide researchers with powerful new tools for the study of nuclear weapons physics and inertial confinement fusion. The NOVA laser system consists of ten large (74 cm diameter) beams, focused and aligned precisely so that their combined energy is brought to bear for a small fraction of a second on a tiny target containing thermonuclear fuel (deuterium and tritium). The ultimate goal of the LLNL inertial confinement fusion program is to produce fusion microexplosions that release several hundred times the energy that the laser delivers to the target. Such an achievement would make inertial confinement fusion attractive for military and civilian applications. The NOVA laser consists of ten beams, capable of concentrating 100 to 150 kJ of energy (in 3 ns) and 100 to 150 TW of power (in 100 ps) on experimental targets by 1985. NOVA will also be capable of frequency converting the fundamental laser wavelength (1.05 μm) to its second (0.525 μm) or third (0.35 μm) harmonic. This additional capability (80 to 120 kJ at 0.525 μm, 40 to 70 kJ at 0.35 μm) was approved by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in April 1982. These shorter wavelengths are much more favorable for ICF target physics. Current construction status of the NOVA facility, intended for completion in the autumn of 1984, will be presented

  8. Nova Scotia wind integration study : final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An independent study was commissioned by the Nova Scotia Department of Energy to identify and assess the impacts of integrating large scale wind power generation into Nova Scotia's electric power system. The purpose of the study was to help Nova Scotia's efforts towards building its renewable energy supply, in order to secure a local energy resource and to protect the environment. This report provided an overview of Nova Scotia's electric power sector, including organizations involved; existing generation system; existing transmission system; renewable energy standards; Nova Scotia Power integrated resource plan; and 2007 renewable energy request for proposals. The major assumptions for the study that were discussed included system parameters; system capacity reserve requirements; expansion plans to 2020; and allocation of new wind generation by zone. Wind resource data and system dispatch modeling were also presented and transmission system modeling was outlined. This included a discussion of steady state reliability requirements; inputs to the load flow model; load flow study and contingency analysis; intra-province transmission congestion; and potential impacts on system security. The report also presented an approach to impact analysis and mitigation such as the impact on greenhouse gas and other air emissions and the impact of wind energy prices on system costs. It was concluded that one of the most important factors in evaluation of the economic impact of wind power integration is the forecasted fuel prices for the thermal units. If the fuel prices had varied significantly from the forecasted values, the study economic impact results could have been quite different. 55 tabs., 64 figs., 1 appendix

  9. Lectures on Classical Integrability

    CERN Document Server

    Torrielli, Alessandro

    2016-01-01

    We review some essential aspects of classically integrable systems. The detailed outline of the lectures consists of: 1. Introduction and motivation, with historical remarks; 2. Liouville theorem and action-angle variables, with examples (harmonic oscillator, Kepler problem); 3. Algebraic tools: Lax pairs, monodromy and transfer matrices, classical r-matrices and exchange relations, non-ultralocal Poisson brackets, with examples (non-linear Schroedinger model, principal chiral field); 4. Features of classical r-matrices: Belavin-Drinfeld theorems, analyticity properties, and lift of the classical structures to quantum groups; 5. Classical inverse scattering method to solve integrable differential equations: soliton solutions, spectral properties and the Gel'fand-Levitan-Marchenko equation, with examples (KdV equation, Sine-Gordon model). Prepared for the Durham Young Researchers Integrability School, organised by the GATIS network. This is part of a collection of lecture notes.

  10. Near-infrared studies of the carbon monoxide and dust-forming Nova V5668 Sgr

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banerjee, D. P. K.; Srivastava, Mudit K.; Ashok, N. M.; Venkataraman, V.

    2016-01-01

    We present near-infrared (NIR) observations of Nova V5668 Sgr, discovered in outburst on 2015 March 15.634 UT, between 2 and 107 d after outburst. NIR spectral features are used to classify it as a Fe II class of nova. The spectra follow the evolution of the spectral lines from a P Cygni stage to a pure emission phase where the shape of the profiles suggests the presence of a bipolar flow. A notable feature is the presence of carbon monoxide first overtone bands which are seen in emission. The CO emission is modelled to make estimates of the mass, temperature and column density to be (0.5-2.0) × 10-8 M⊙, 4000 ± 300 K and (0.36-1.94) × 1019 cm-2, respectively. The 12C/13C ratio is estimated to be ˜1.5. V5668 Sgr was a strong dust producer exhibiting the classical deep dip in its optical light curve during dust formation. Analysis of the dust SED yields a dust mass of 2.7 × 10-7 M⊙, a blackbody angular diameter of the dust shell of 42 mas and a distance estimate to the nova of 1.54 kpc which agrees with estimates made from MMRD relations.

  11. Convective Undershoot Mixing in Nova Outbursts - the Dependence on the Composition of the Underlying White Dwarf

    CERN Document Server

    Glasner, Ami S; Truran, James W

    2011-01-01

    We present here, for the first time, a 2D study of the undershoot convective mechanism in nova outbursts for a wide range of possible compositions of the layer underlying the accreted envelope. Previous surveys studied the mechanism only for solar matter accreted on top of a carbon oxygen white dwarf. Mixing with carbon was found to be crucial for the process since it dramatically enhanced the burning rates. According to observations and stellar evolution theory, in classical and recurrent novae the outermost underlying layer of the white dwarf can also be composed of ONe or pure Helium. In all the cases we examined we found significant amounts of mixing. We present the details of the burning rates and the convective flow for each underlying layer and discuss its significance for the long term debate as to the exact mechanism responsible for the enrichment of novae ejecta. Our results show that the undershoot convective dredge up model predict mixing amounts that can be consistent with observations in all the...

  12. Discovery of an eclipsing dwarf nova in the ancient nova shell Te 11

    CERN Document Server

    Miszalski, Brent; Littlefair, Stuart P; Warner, Brian; Boffin, Henri M J; Corradi, Romano L M; Jones, David; Motsoaledi, Mokhine; Rodríguez-Gil, Pablo; Sabin, Laurence; Santander-García, Miguel

    2015-01-01

    We report on the discovery of an eclipsing dwarf nova (DN) inside the peculiar, bilobed nebula Te 11. Modelling of high-speed photometry of the eclipse finds the accreting white dwarf to have a mass 1.18 M$_\\odot$ and temperature 13 kK. The donor spectral type of M2.5 results in a distance of 330 pc, colocated with Barnard's loop at the edge of the Orion-Eridanus superbubble. The perplexing morphology and observed bow shock of the slowly-expanding nebula may be explained by strong interactions with the dense interstellar medium in this region. We match the DN to the historic nova of 483 CE in Orion and postulate that the nebula is the remnant of this eruption. This connection supports the millennia time scale of the post-nova transition from high to low mass-transfer rates. Te 11 constitutes an important benchmark system for CV and nova studies as the only eclipsing binary out of just three DNe with nova shells.

  13. Possible optical Nova in M 31

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pietsch, W.; Burwitz, V.; Updike, A.; Milne, P.; Williams, G.; Hartmann, D.

    2007-11-01

    We report the discovery of an optical nova candidate in M 31 on two 8*60sec stacked R filter CCD images obtained with the robotic 60cm telescope with an E2V CCD (2kx2k) Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System (Super- LOTIS, located at Steward Observatory, Kitt Peak, Arizona, USA) on 2007 Nov 2.28 and 2.37 with respective magnitudes of 16.9 and 17.0. The position for the nova candidate is RA = 00h42m37.29s, Dec = +41d17'10.3" (J2000, accuracy of 0.2"), which is 1' 19" west and 1' 2" north of the core of M 31.

  14. Optical Nova Candidate in M 31

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henze, M.; Burwitz, V.; Pietsch, W.; Updike, A.; Milne, P.; Williams, G.; Hartmann, D. H.

    2008-06-01

    We report the discovery of an optical nova candidate in M 31 on two 11x60s stacked R filter CCD images obtained with the robotic 60cm telescope with an E2V CCD (2kx2k) of the Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System (Super-LOTIS, located at Steward Observatory, Kitt Peak, Arizona, USA). The object was first detected on 2008 June 14.46 and 16.46 UT with respective magnitudes of 18.0 and 17.7. The position for the nova candidate is RA = 00h42m37.72s, Dec = +41d12'30.0"(J2000, accuracy of 0.3"), which is 1'14" west and 3'39" south of the core of M 31. All magnitudes given are obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M 31 catalogue (Massey et al.

  15. Possible new optical Nova in M 31

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henze, M.; Burwitz, V.; Pietsch, W.; Updike, A.; Hartmann, D.; Milne, P.; Williams, G.

    2007-12-01

    We report the discovery of an optical nova candidate in M 31 on two 8*60sec stacked R filter CCD images obtained with the robotic 60cm telescope with an E2V CCD (2kx2k) Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System (Super- LOTIS, located at Steward Observatory, Kitt Peak, Arizona, USA). The object was first detected on 2007 Dec 18.19 and 18.30 with respective magnitudes of 17.2 and 17.4. The position for the nova candidate is RA = 00h41m54.96s, Dec = +41d09'47.3" (J2000, accuracy of 0.3"), which is 9' 17" west and 6' 22" south of the core of M 31.

  16. Quark Nova Model for Fast Radio Bursts

    CERN Document Server

    Shand, Zachary; Koning, Nico; Ouyed, Rachid

    2015-01-01

    FRBs are puzzling, millisecond, energetic radio transients with no discernible source; observations show no counterparts in other frequency bands. The birth of a quark star from a parent neutron star experiencing a quark nova - previously thought undetectable when born in isolation - provides a natural explanation for the emission characteristics of FRBs. The generation of unstable r-process elements in the quark nova ejecta provides millisecond exponential injection of electrons into the surrounding strong magnetic field at the parent neutron star's light cylinder via $\\beta$-decay. This radio synchrotron emission has a total duration of hundreds of milliseconds and matches the observed spectrum while reducing the inferred dispersion measure by approximately 200 cm$^{-3}$ pc. The model allows indirect measurement of neutron star magnetic fields and periods in addition to providing astronomical measurements of $\\beta$-decay chains of unstable neutron rich nuclei. Using this model, we can calculate expected FR...

  17. Statistical analysis of dwarf nova outbursts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Correlation between maximum brightness, outburst width, lengths of preceding and following intervals has been studied for 14 dwarf novae (mostly from southern sky). Significant correlations (ρ ≥ 0.4) occur only in 16 per cent of cases, what confirms earlier results of Szkody and Mattei (1984). Global correlations have also been studied between mean photometric parameters and binary system parameters using a sample including over 30 objects. The most interesting result is the strong correlation (ρ = +0.94) between the orbital period and the outburst duration. It implies that the quantity α(z0/r)2 is approximately constant for all dwarf novae. Using typical estimates for z0/r we get α = 0.2. 30 refs., 1 figs., 2 tabs. (author)

  18. Grand Banks wins Terra Nova sweeps

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Grand Bank Alliance of Companies, which includes Brown and Root and Agra Industries, Haliburton Energy Services, Doris Engineering, FMC Corporation and PCL Constructors, have been awarded the primary fabrication contract by Petro-Canada to build a floating production and storage vessel for the Terra Nova oil project. The total pre-production costs are estimated at $1.6 billion; the first oil is scheduled for 1999. The contract involves construction of a double-hulled floating production, storage and offloading vessel, designed to process up to 150,000 barrels of crude per day, and storing up to one million barrels. In addition to Terra Nova, Brown and Root and Agra also have project management contracts building infrastructure for Sable Island natural gas

  19. Nova Scotia Power Corporation annual report, 1993

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nova Scotia Power Corporation supplies electric power to over 410,000 customers in Nova Scotia. In 1993, over 8.8 million kWh of power was sold, 70-80% of which came from indigenous coal and hydroelectric sources, and the rest from oil-fired power stations. Other activities described in this report include a program to dispose of material contaminated by polychlorinated biphenyls, and a program to limit sulfur dioxide emissions to no greater than 160,000 tonnes/y by 1994. The latter program will rely on the use of circulating fluidized bed combustion in new coal-fired power stations being planned or constructed. Financial statements are also included. 6 figs., 3 tabs

  20. Dwarf Nova Outbursts with Magnetorotational Turbulence

    CERN Document Server

    Coleman, M S B; Blaes, O; Lasota, J -P; Hirose, S

    2016-01-01

    The phenomenological Disc Instability Model has been successful in reproducing the observed light curves of dwarf nova outbursts by invoking an enhanced Shakura-Sunyaev $\\alpha$ parameter $\\sim0.1-0.2$ in outburst compared to a low value $\\sim0.01$ in quiescence. Recent thermodynamically consistent simulations of magnetorotational (MRI) turbulence with appropriate opacities and equation of state for dwarf nova accretion discs have found that thermal convection enhances $\\alpha$ in discs in outburst, but only near the hydrogen ionization transition. At higher temperatures, convection no longer exists and $\\alpha$ returns to the low value comparable to that in quiescence. In order to check whether this enhancement near the hydrogen ionization transition is sufficient to reproduce observed light curves, we incorporate this MRI-based variation in $\\alpha$ into the Disc Instability Model, as well as simulation-based models of turbulent dissipation and convective transport. These MRI-based models can successfully r...

  1. Grassmannians of classical buildings

    CERN Document Server

    Pankov, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Buildings are combinatorial constructions successfully exploited to study groups of various types. The vertex set of a building can be naturally decomposed into subsets called Grassmannians. The book contains both classical and more recent results on Grassmannians of buildings of classical types. It gives a modern interpretation of some classical results from the geometry of linear groups. The presented methods are applied to some geometric constructions non-related to buildings - Grassmannians of infinite-dimensional vector spaces and the sets of conjugate linear involutions. The book is self

  2. Davidson and classical pragmatism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Rossi

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I wish to trace some connections between Donald Davidson's work (1917-2003 and two major representatives of the classical pragmatist movement: Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914 and William James (1842-1910. I will start with a basic characterization of classical pragmatism; then, I shall examine certain conceptions in Peirce's and James' pragmatism, in order to establish affinities with Davidson´s thought. Finally, and bearing in mind the previous con-nections, I will reflect briefly on the relevance –often unrecognized- of classical pragmatist ideas in the context of contemporary philosophi-cal discussions.

  3. The SuperNova Early Warning System

    OpenAIRE

    Scholberg, K.

    2008-01-01

    A core collapse in the Milky Way will produce an enormous burst of neutrinos in detectors world-wide. Such a burst has the potential to provide an early warning of a supernova's appearance. I will describe the nature of the signal, the sensitivity of current detectors, and SNEWS, the SuperNova Early Warning System, a network designed to alert astronomers as soon as possible after the detected neutrino signal.

  4. Nova power systems: status and operating experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the pulse power systems that are used in these lasers; the status and the operating experiences. The pulsed power system for the Nova Laser is comprised of several distinct technology areas. The large capacitor banks for driving flashlamps that excite the laser glass is one area, the fast pulsers that drive pockels cell shutters is another area, and the contol system for the pulsed power is a third. This paper discusses the capacitor banks and control systems

  5. Desni ekstremizam, radikalizam i zapadnoeuropska Nova desnica

    OpenAIRE

    Velički, Damir

    2010-01-01

    U ovom se radu polazi od pojma političkog ekstremizma koji karakterizira odbijanje temeljnih vrijednosti demokratske ustavne države te se, nadalje, nakon definiranja strukturnih značajki desnog ekstremizma on razgraničuje od srodnog pojma desnog radikalizma. U nastavku se analizira pojam tzv. Nove desnice te njezina prisutnost u Francuskoj, Italiji, Velikoj Britaniji i SR Njemačkoj. Pojam Nova desnica prikladan je ako se njime opisuju intelektualna strujanja koja rade na ide...

  6. Mechanical construction of the 22 Nova laser

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nova laser system for Inertial Confinement Fusion studies at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is under construction and will be completed October 1984 with first operations scheduled for 1985. This system is the largest precision opto-mechanical engineering system ever built. Major engineering and subsystems are mechanical, optical, and electrical power. A series of system technologies include alignment, diagnostics, target, frequency conversion, and controls. This paper will only discuss the mechanical system

  7. Introduction to the Nova technical contract

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lindl, J.D.; Kilkenny, J.D.

    1996-06-01

    The 1990 National Academy of Sciences (NAS) final report recommended proceeding with the construction of a 1-to 2-MJ Nd-doped glass laser designed to achieve ignition in the laboratory (a laser originally called the Nova Upgrade, but now called the National Ignition Facility, or NIF, and envisioned as a national user facility). As a prerequisite, the report recommended completion of a series of target physics objectives on the Nova laser in use at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Meeting these objectives, which were called the Nova Technical Contract (NTC), would demonstrate (the Academy committee believed) that the physics of ignition targets was understood well enough that the laser requirements could be accurately specified. Completion of the NTC objectives was given the highest priority (it was Recommendation 1.1) in the NAS report. The NAS committee also recommended a concentrated effort on advanced target design for ignition. As recommended in the report, completion of these objectives has been the joint responsibility of LLNL and the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Most of the articles in this issue of the ICF Quarterly were written jointly by scientists from both institutions. The original NTC objectives have been largely met. This Introduction summarizes those objectives and their motivation in the context of the requirements for ignition.

  8. Physics of classical electromagnetism

    CERN Document Server

    Fujimoto, Minoru

    2007-01-01

    The classical electromagnetism described by the Maxwell equations constitutes a fundamental law in contemporary physics. Even with the advent of sophisticated new materials, the principles of classical electromagnetism are still active in various applied areas in today’s advanced communication techniques. Physics of Classical Electromagnetism, by Minoru Fujimoto, is written with concise introductory arguments emphasizing the original field concept, with an aim at understanding objectives in modern information technology. Following basic discussions of electromagnetism with a modernized approach, this book will provide readers with an overview of current problems in high-frequency physics. To further the reader’s understanding of the concepts and applications discussed, each illustration within the book shows the location of all active charges, and the author has provided many worked-out examples throughout the book. Physics of Classical Electromagnetism is intended for students in physics and engineering ...

  9. Injuries in classical ballet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quirk, R

    1984-11-01

    The specialised medical knowledge about dancers' injuries is negligible compared with that which surrounds sports medicine. The author discusses his experience in the management of more than 2000 injuries sustained by dancers of classical ballet. PMID:6151832

  10. Classical and Quantum Intertwine

    OpenAIRE

    Blanchard, Ph.; Jadczyk, A.

    1993-01-01

    Model interactions between classical and quantum systems are briefly discussed. These include: general measurement-like couplings, Stern-Gerlach experiment, model of a counter, quantum Zeno effect, SQUID-tank model.

  11. Classical confined particles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horzela, Andrzej; Kapuscik, Edward

    1993-01-01

    An alternative picture of classical many body mechanics is proposed. In this picture particles possess individual kinematics but are deprived from individual dynamics. Dynamics exists only for the many particle system as a whole. The theory is complete and allows to determine the trajectories of each particle. It is proposed to use our picture as a classical prototype for a realistic theory of confined particles.

  12. Davidson and classical pragmatism

    OpenAIRE

    Paula Rossi

    2007-01-01

    In this paper I wish to trace some connections between Donald Davidson's work (1917-2003) and two major representatives of the classical pragmatist movement: Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914) and William James (1842-1910). I will start with a basic characterization of classical pragmatism; then, I shall examine certain conceptions in Peirce's and James' pragmatism, in order to establish affinities with Davidson´s thought. Finally, and bearing in mind the previous con-nections, I will reflect brie...

  13. Nonmaximal neutrino mixing at NOvA from nonstandard interactions

    CERN Document Server

    Liao, Jiajun; Whisnant, Kerry

    2016-01-01

    Muon neutrino disappearance measurements at NOvA suggest that maximal \\theta_{23} is excluded at the 2.5\\sigma CL. This is in mild tension with T2K data which prefer maximal mixing. Considering that NOvA has a much longer baseline than T2K, we point out that the apparent departure from maximal mixing in NOvA may be a consequence of nonstandard neutrino propagation in matter.

  14. Review of the ultraviolet studies of galactic novae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ultraviolet studies of galactic novae both in outburst and also in quiescence have provided new and fundamental data on these exploding stars. As a direct result of the IUE spectral studies, we have identified a new class of novae in which the outburst occurs on an ONeMg white dwarf. We have also been able to determine ejected masses, elemental abundances, and ultraviolet light curves for a wide variety of nova outbursts. 70 refs

  15. The soft X-ray turnoff of Nova Muscae 1983

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanley, L.; Ogelman, H.; Gallagher, J. S.; Orio, M.; Krautter, J.

    1995-01-01

    Nova GQ Muscae 1983 was detected by ROSAT as a luminous 'supersoft' X-ray source in 1992, nearly a decade after outburst. Further, this is the only classical postnova known to have maintained constant luminosity on a timescale predicted by theoretical models. Follow-up observations were made with the ROSAT position-sensitive proportional counter in 1993 January and September, and complemented with B-band photometry taken in 1993 January. By 1993 January, the X-ray count rate had declined by a factor of 17, while there was neither an appreciable decrease in the optical magnitude nor a change in the amplitude of modulation. In 1993 September the soft X-ray flux was below the ROSAT threshold limit, implying a decrease of a factor greater than or equal to 30 in the count rate. This decline can be interpreted by the turnoff of nuclear processes due to the complete consumption of the residual hydrogen-rich envelope. However, the optical luminosity of the system is not simply coupled to the X-ray luminosity (e.g., through reprocessing).

  16. Classically-Controlled Quantum Computation

    OpenAIRE

    Perdrix, Simon; Jorrand, Philippe

    2004-01-01

    Quantum computations usually take place under the control of the classical world. We introduce a Classically-controlled Quantum Turing Machine (CQTM) which is a Turing Machine (TM) with a quantum tape for acting on quantum data, and a classical transition function for a formalized classical control. In CQTM, unitary transformations and measurements are allowed. We show that any classical TM is simulated by a CQTM without loss of efficiency. The gap between classical and quantum computations, ...

  17. Nova as embedded operating system for cuban hardware Nova como sistema operativo embebido para hardware cubano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mijail Hurtado Fedorovich

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of the construction a an embedded operating system based on Nova, which provides the needed features to create the Cuban Thin Client, using as hardware component the Computer on a CID 300/9 Board designed by the Central Institute for Digital Research, obtaining the first version of Nova for the Advance RISC Machine  computer architecture and the first base operating system, stable and for general purposes for the CID 300/9. A state of the art of the currently most used embedded operating systems, the solution's structure, the methods and tools used for its development are presented. Este trabajo expone los resultados de construir un sistema operativo embebido basado en Nova, el cual brinda las funcionalidades necesarias para crear el Cliente Ligero Cubano, utilizando como componente de hardware, la Computadora en una Tarjeta CID 300/9 diseñada por el Instituto Central de Investigación Digital. Obteniéndose la primera versión de Nova para la arquitectura de computadora Advanced RISC Machine y el primer sistema operativo base, estable y de propósito general para la CID 300/9. Se expone un estado del arte de los sistemas operativos embebidos más utilizados actualmente; la estructura de la solución, los métodos y herramientas empleados para obtenerla.

  18. Nova como sistema operativo embebido para hardware cubano Nova as embedded operating system for cuban hardware

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ernesto Torres Sánchez

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo expone los resultados de construir un sistema operativo embebido basado en Nova, el cual brinda las funcionalidades necesarias para crear el Cliente Ligero Cubano, utilizando como componente de hardware, la Computadora en una Tarjeta CID 300/9 diseñada por el Instituto Central de Investigación Digital. Obteniéndose la primera versión de Nova para la arquitectura de computadora Advanced RISC Machine y el primer sistema operativo base, estable y de propósito general para la CID 300/9. Se expone un estado del arte de los sistemas operativos embebidos más utilizados actualmente; la estructura de la solución, los métodos y herramientas empleados para obtenerla.This paper presents the results of the construction a an embedded operating system based on Nova, which provides the needed features to create the Cuban Thin Client, using as hardware component the Computer on a CID 300/9 Board designed by the Central Institute for Digital Research, obtaining the first version of Nova for the Advance RISC Machine  computer architecture and the first base operating system, stable and for general purposes for the CID 300/9. A state of the art of the currently most used embedded operating systems, the solution's structure, the methods and tools used for its development are presented.

  19. Learning Classical Music Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Learning Classical Music Club

    2010-01-01

    There is a new CERN Club called “Learning Classical Music at CERN”. We are aiming to give classical music lessons for different instruments (see link) for students from 5 to 100 years old. We are now ready to start our activities in the CERN barracks. We are now in the enrollment phase and hope to start lessons very soon ! Club info can be found in the list of CERN Club: http://user.web.cern.ch/user/Communication/SocialLifeActivities/Clubs/Clubs.html Salvatore Buontempo Club President

  20. A Single Classical Quark

    CERN Document Server

    Dzhunushaliev, V D

    1997-01-01

    The spherically symmetric solution in classical SU(3) Yang - Mills theory is found. It is supposed that such solution describes a classical quark. It is regular in origin and hence the interaction between two quarks is small on the small distance. The obtained solution has the singularity on infinity. It is possible that is the reason why the free quark cannot exist. Evidently, nonlocality of this object leads to the fact that in quantum chromodynamic the difficulties arise connected with investigation of quarks interaction on large distance.

  1. Classical Holographic Codes

    CERN Document Server

    Brehm, Enrico M

    2016-01-01

    In this work, we introduce classical holographic codes. These can be understood as concatenated probabilistic codes and can be represented as networks uniformly covering hyperbolic space. In particular, classical holographic codes can be interpreted as maps from bulk degrees of freedom to boundary degrees of freedom. Interestingly, they are shown to exhibit features similar to those expected from the AdS/CFT correspondence. Among these are a version of the Ryu-Takayanagi formula and intriguing properties regarding bulk reconstruction and boundary representations of bulk operations. We discuss the relation of our findings with expectations from AdS/CFT and, in particular, with recent results from quantum error correction.

  2. Classical mechanics with Maxima

    CERN Document Server

    Timberlake, Todd Keene

    2016-01-01

    This book guides undergraduate students in the use of Maxima—a computer algebra system—in solving problems in classical mechanics. It functions well as a supplement to a typical classical mechanics textbook. When it comes to problems that are too difficult to solve by hand, computer algebra systems that can perform symbolic mathematical manipulations are a valuable tool. Maxima is particularly attractive in that it is open-source, multiple-platform software that students can download and install free of charge. Lessons learned and capabilities developed using Maxima are easily transferred to other, proprietary software.

  3. Elementary classical hydrodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Chirgwin, B H; Langford, W J; Maxwell, E A; Plumpton, C

    1967-01-01

    Elementary Classical Hydrodynamics deals with the fundamental principles of elementary classical hydrodynamics, with emphasis on the mechanics of inviscid fluids. Topics covered by this book include direct use of the equations of hydrodynamics, potential flows, two-dimensional fluid motion, waves in liquids, and compressible flows. Some general theorems such as Bernoulli's equation are also considered. This book is comprised of six chapters and begins by introducing the reader to the fundamental principles of fluid hydrodynamics, with emphasis on ways of studying the motion of a fluid. Basic c

  4. Classic Problems of Probability

    CERN Document Server

    Gorroochurn, Prakash

    2012-01-01

    "A great book, one that I will certainly add to my personal library."—Paul J. Nahin, Professor Emeritus of Electrical Engineering, University of New Hampshire Classic Problems of Probability presents a lively account of the most intriguing aspects of statistics. The book features a large collection of more than thirty classic probability problems which have been carefully selected for their interesting history, the way they have shaped the field, and their counterintuitive nature. From Cardano's 1564 Games of Chance to Jacob Bernoulli's 1713 Golden Theorem to Parrondo's 1996 Perplexin

  5. V4743 Sgr, a magnetic nova?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zemko, P.; Orio, M.; Mukai, K.; Bianchini, A.; Ciroi, S.; Cracco, V.

    2016-05-01

    Two XMM Newton observations of Nova V4743 Sgr (Nova Sgr 2002) were performed shortly after it returned to quiescence, 2 and 3.5 years after the explosion. The X-ray light curves revealed a modulation with a frequency of ≃0.75 mHz, indicating that V4743 Sgr is most probably an intermediate polar (IP). The X-ray spectra have characteristics in common with known IPs, with a hard thermal plasma component that can be fitted only assuming a partially covering absorber. In 2004 the X-ray spectrum had also a supersoft blackbody-like component, whose temperature was close to that of the white dwarf (WD) in the supersoft X-ray phase following the outburst, but with flux by at least two orders of magnitude lower. In quiescent IPs, a soft X-ray flux component originates at times in the polar regions irradiated by an accretion column, but the supersoft component of V4743 Sgr disappeared in 2006, indicating a possible origin different from accretion. We suggest that it may have been due to an atmospheric temperature gradient on the WD surface, or to continuing localized thermonuclear burning at the bottom of the envelope, before complete turn-off. An optical spectrum obtained with SALT 11.5 years after the outburst showed a prominent He II λ4686 line and the Bowen blend, which reveal a very hot region, but with peak temperature shifted to the ultraviolet (UV) range. V4743 Sgr is the third post-outburst nova and IP candidate showing a low-luminosity supersoft component in the X-ray flux a few years after the outburst.

  6. The first results from the NOVA experiment

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2015-01-01

    The NOvA experiment measures neutrino oscillation phenomena over a baseline of 810 km using a narrow-band muon neutrino beam that has a peak energy near 2 GeV. With this configuration the experiment has sensitivity to the oscillation parameters that are the least known. Installation of the detector began almost 2 years ago and the collaboration has been recording data since then. The collaboration released its first measurements of neutrino oscillation phenomena this summer. The results of those measurements and the future prospects of the experiment will be discussed.

  7. Nova isolates noise to quieten stations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reviews a technique developed by Nova Corp., to help isolate and measure the acoustic power of individual components in a pipeline compressor and pumping station. The procedure calculates the sound pressure levels of each piece of equipment independently. Based on these measurements, a prediction can be made of the effect of various types of noise treatment techniques on the overall sound levels currently generated or proposed in a future project. This paper describes the equipment to measure the sound levels, techniques for actually measuring the compressor station or equipment area, and techniques used to generate a remediation plan

  8. Optical Nova Candidates in M 31

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henze, M.; Burwitz, V.; Pietsch, W.; Updike, A.; Milne, P.; Williams, G.; Hartmann, D. H.

    2008-06-01

    We report the discovery of an optical nova candidate in M 31 on two 11x60s stacked R filter CCD images obtained with the robotic 60cm telescope with an E2V CCD (2kx2k) of the Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System (Super-LOTIS, located at Steward Observatory, Kitt Peak, Arizona, USA). The object was first detected on 2008 June 06.47 and 07.47 UT with respective magnitudes of 18.0 and 17.9.

  9. Fuse studies of dwarf novae during quiescence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. M. Sion

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Hemos obtenido espectros de FUSE de varias novas enanas, los cuales revelan las propiedades de sus enanas blancas acrecientes, sus ritmos de acreci on durante la etapa de quietud y la naturaleza de las regiones capa borde/disco interior incluyendo la zona de acreci on en las enanas blancas. Entre los sistemas de los cuales presentamos resultados preliminares se encuentran BV Cen, WW Ceti, EY Cyg, SS Aur y VW Hyi. La contribuci on de estos estudios realizados con FUSE a nuestro entendimiento de la f sica de los discos de acreci on se enfatizar a dentro del contexto de la enana blaca y de la capa borde

  10. Supernova hydrodynamics experiments using the Nova laser

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Remington, B.A.; Glendinning, S.G.; Estabrook, K.; Wallace, R.J.; Rubenchik, A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Kane, J.; Arnett, D. [Arizona Univ., Tucson, AZ (United States). Stewart Observatory; Drake, R.P. [Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI (United States); McCray, R. [Colorado Univ., Boulder, CO (United States)

    1997-04-01

    We are developing experiments using the Nova laser to investigate two areas of physics relevant to core-collapse supernovae (SN): (1) compressible nonlinear hydrodynamic mixing and (2) radiative shock hydrodynamics. In the former, we are examining the differences between the 2D and 3D evolution of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability, an issue critical to the observables emerging from SN in the first year after exploding. In the latter, we are investigating the evolution of a colliding plasma system relevant to the ejecta-stellar wind interactions of the early stages of SN remnant formation. The experiments and astrophysical implications are discussed.

  11. 10% discount at Novae restaurants for students

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    A 10% discount will be granted for students dining in restaurants 1 and 2 (on the Meyrin site) during the summer from 15 June 2016 to 15 September 2016.   A special badge will be issued by the respective secretariats if the student fulfils the following criteria:  Is under 25 years old; Is in possession of a student card issued by a University or college; Has a CERN contract > 1 month (Users, Summer Students, Trainees, etc). This badge and the CERN access card will have to be shown at the Novae restaurants in order to benefit from this discount.

  12. Nuclear motion is classical

    CERN Document Server

    Frank, Irmgard

    2016-01-01

    The notion from ab-initio molecular dynamics simulations that nuclear motion is best described by classical Newton dynamics instead of the time-dependent Schr{\\"o}dinger equation is substantiated. In principle a single experiment should bring clarity. Caution is however necessary, as temperature dependent effects must be eliminated when trying to determine the existence of a zero-point energy.

  13. Strong Coupling and Classicalization

    CERN Document Server

    Dvali, Gia

    2016-01-01

    Classicalization is a phenomenon in which a theory prevents itself from entering into a strong-coupling regime, by redistributing the energy among many weakly-interacting soft quanta. In this way, the scattering process of some initial hard quanta splits into a large number of soft elementary processes. In short, the theory trades the strong coupling for a high-multiplicity of quanta. At very high energies, the outcome of such a scattering experiment is a production of soft states of high occupation number that are approximately classical. It is evident that black hole creation in particle collision at super-Planckian energies is a result of classicalization, but there is no a priory reason why this phenomenon must be limited to gravity. If the hierarchy problem is solved by classicalization, the LHC has a chance of detecting a tower of new resonances. The lowest-lying resonances must appear right at the strong coupling scale in form of short-lived elementary particles. The heavier members of the tower must b...

  14. Classical Iterative Methods

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Axelsson, Owe

    1. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 2013 - (Björm, E.), s. 205-224 ISBN 978-3-540-70528-4 Institutional support: RVO:68145535 Keywords : classical iterative methods * applied computational mathematics * encyclopedia Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics http://www.springerreference.com/docs/ navigation .do?m=Encyclopedia+of+Applied+and+Computational+Mathematics+%28Mathematics+and+Statistics%29-book224

  15. Classical and quantum satisfiability

    CERN Document Server

    de Araújo, Anderson; 10.4204/EPTCS.81.6

    2012-01-01

    We present the linear algebraic definition of QSAT and propose a direct logical characterization of such a definition. We then prove that this logical version of QSAT is not an extension of classical satisfiability problem (SAT). This shows that QSAT does not allow a direct comparison between the complexity classes NP and QMA, for which SAT and QSAT are respectively complete.

  16. Why Study Classical Languages?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lieberman, Samuel

    This speech emphasizes the significance of living literatures and living cultures which owe a direct debt to the Romans and the Greeks from whom they can trace their origins. After commenting on typical rejoinders to the question "Why study classical languages?" and poking fun at those who advance jaded, esoteric responses, the author dispels the…

  17. Classics in What Sense?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camic, Charles

    2008-01-01

    They seem the perfect bookends for the social psychologist's collection of "classics" of the field. Two volumes, nearly identical in shape and weight and exactly a century old in 2008--each professing to usher "social psychology" into the world as they both place the hybrid expression square in their titles but then proceed to stake out the field…

  18. Mecanica Clasica (Classical Mechanics)

    OpenAIRE

    Rosu, H. C.

    1999-01-01

    First Internet graduate course on Classical Mechanics in Spanish (Castellano). This is about 80% of the material I covered during the January-June 1999 semester at IFUG in the Mexican city of Leon. English and Romanian versions are in (slow) progress and hopefully will be arXived. For a similar course on Quantum Mechanics, see physics/9808031

  19. Classical galactosaemia revisited

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.M. Bosch

    2006-01-01

    Classical galactosaemia (McKusick 230400) is an: autosomal recessive disorder of galactose metabolism, caused by a deficiency of the enzyme galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT; EC 2.7.712). Most patients present in the neonatal period, after ingestion of galactose, with jaundice, hepatospl

  20. Classical Mythology. Fourth Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morford, Mark P. O.; Lenardon, Robert J.

    Designed for students with little or no background in classical literature, this book introduces the Greek and Roman myths of creation, myths of the gods, Greek sagas and local legends, and presents contemporary theories about the myths. Drawing on Homer, Hesiod, Pindar, Vergil, and others, the book provides many translations and paraphrases of…

  1. Classicism and Romanticism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huddleston, Gregory H.

    1993-01-01

    Describes one teacher's methods for introducing to secondary English students the concepts of Classicism and Romanticism in relation to pictures of gardens, architecture, music, and literary works. Outlines how the unit leads to a writing assignment based on collected responses over time. (HB)

  2. Mecanica Clasica (Classical Mechanics)

    CERN Document Server

    Rosu, H C

    1999-01-01

    First Internet undergraduate course on Classical Mechanics in Spanish (Castellano). This is about 80% of the material I covered during the January-June 1999 semester at IFUG in the Mexican city of Leon. English and Romanian versions are in (slow) progress and hopefully will be arXived. For a similar course on Quantum Mechanics, see physics/9808031

  3. Classical electromagnetic radiation

    CERN Document Server

    Heald, Mark A

    2012-01-01

    Newly corrected, this highly acclaimed text is suitable for advanced physics courses. The author presents a very accessible macroscopic view of classical electromagnetics that emphasizes integrating electromagnetic theory with physical optics. The survey follows the historical development of physics, culminating in the use of four-vector relativity to fully integrate electricity with magnetism.

  4. The Classical Cake Problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Norman N.; Fisch, Forest N.

    1973-01-01

    Discussed are techniques of presentation and solution of the Classical Cake Problem. A frosted cake with a square base is to be cut into n pieces with the volume of cake and frosting the same for each piece. Needed are minimal geometric concepts and the formula for the volume of a prism. (JP)

  5. New optical nova candidate in M 31

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pietsch, W.; Henze, M.; Burwitz, V.; Kaur, A.; Hartmann, D. H.; Milne, P.; Williams, G.

    2010-12-01

    We report the discovery of a possible nova in M 31 on a 12x60s stacked R filter CCD image obtained with the robotic 60cm telescope with an E2V CCD (2kx2k, 13.5 micron sq. pixels) of the Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System (Super-LOTIS, located at Steward Observatory, Kitt Peak, Arizona, USA) on 2010 December 11.095 UT with magnitude of 16.6. The object is visible on all individual images. The position for the nova candidate is RA = 00h42m31.08s, Dec = +41d27'20.3"(J2000, accuracy of 0.3"), which is 149" west and 672" north of the core of M 31. We do not detect the object on a 4x60s stacked SLOTIS CCD image obtained on2010 December 5.213 UT (limiting R magnitude at the position of 19.0). There is no entry in VizieR/CDS for this object and no minor planet could be found on this position using the MPC/IAU Minor Planet Checker (see http://scully.harvard.edu/~cgi/CheckMP) . All magnitudes given are obtained from a photometric solution using R magnitudes of the Local Group Survey M 31 catalogue (Massey et al.

  6. Quark nova model for fast radio bursts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shand, Zachary; Ouyed, Amir; Koning, Nico; Ouyed, Rachid

    2016-05-01

    Fast radio bursts (FRBs) are puzzling, millisecond, energetic radio transients with no discernible source; observations show no counterparts in other frequency bands. The birth of a quark star from a parent neutron star experiencing a quark nova - previously thought undetectable when born in isolation - provides a natural explanation for the emission characteristics of FRBs. The generation of unstable r-process elements in the quark nova ejecta provides millisecond exponential injection of electrons into the surrounding strong magnetic field at the parent neutron star's light cylinder via β-decay. This radio synchrotron emission has a total duration of hundreds of milliseconds and matches the observed spectrum while reducing the inferred dispersion measure by approximately 200 cm‑3 pc. The model allows indirect measurement of neutron star magnetic fields and periods in addition to providing astronomical measurements of β-decay chains of unstable neutron rich nuclei. Using this model, we can calculate expected FRB average energies (∼ 1041 erg) and spectral shapes, and provide a theoretical framework for determining distances.

  7. V4743 Sgr, a magnetic nova?

    CERN Document Server

    Zemko, P; Mukai, K; Bianchini, A; Ciroi, S; Cracco, V

    2016-01-01

    Two XMM Newton observations of Nova V4743 Sgr (Nova Sgr 2002) were performed shortly after it returned to quiescence, 2 and 3.5 years after the explosion. The X-ray light curves revealed a modulation with a frequency of ~0.75 mHz, indicating that V4743 Sgr is most probably an intermediate polar (IP). The X-ray spectra have characteristics in common with known IPs, with a hard thermal plasma component that can be fitted only assuming a partially covering absorber. In 2004 the X-ray spectrum had also a supersoft blackbody-like component, whose temperature was close to that of the white dwarf (WD) in the supersoft X-ray phase following the outburst, but with flux by at least two orders of magnitude lower. In quiescent IPs, a soft X-ray flux component originates at times in the polar regions irradiated by an accretion column, but the supersoft component of V4743 Sgr disappeared in 2006, indicating a possible origin different from accretion. We suggest that it may have been due to an atmospheric temperature gradie...

  8. V390 Nor = Nova Normae 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waagen, Elizabeth O.

    2007-06-01

    Nova Normae 2007 was discovered photographically by William Liller on June 15.086 UT at magnitude 9.4. Precise position measured by G. Bolt from his unfiltered CCD image of June 16.7 UT: 16:32:11.51 -45:09:13.4 (2000.0). Giorgio Di Scala reported to the AAVSO that a low-resolution spectrum indicates a nova a week or so after outburst, with strong H-alpha emission. E. Kazarovets, Sternberg Astronomical Institute, reports that N Nor 07 has been assigned the name V390 Nor. Discovery originally announced in IAU Central Bureau Electronic Telegram 982 (Daniel W. E. Green) and AAVSO Special Notice #49 (Arne Henden). Information in this Alert Notice was received at AAVSO from William Liller, Giorgio Di Scala, or via IAU Circular No. 8850, ed. Daniel W. E. Green. A chart for V390 Nor is available via the Variable Star Plotter (VSP). Go to: http://www.aavso.org/observing/charts/vsp/ and enter the name V390 NOR.

  9. Quantum emulation of classical dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Margolus, Norman

    2011-01-01

    In statistical mechanics, it is well known that finite-state classical lattice models can be recast as quantum models, with distinct classical configurations identified with orthogonal basis states. This mapping makes classical statistical mechanics on a lattice a special case of quantum statistical mechanics, and classical combinatorial entropy a special case of quantum entropy. In a similar manner, finite-state classical dynamics can be recast as finite-energy quantum dynamics. This mapping...

  10. Randomness: quantum versus classical

    CERN Document Server

    Khrennikov, Andrei

    2015-01-01

    Recent tremendous development of quantum information theory led to a number of quantum technological projects, e.g., quantum random generators. This development stimulates a new wave of interest in quantum foundations. One of the most intriguing problems of quantum foundations is elaboration of a consistent and commonly accepted interpretation of quantum state. Closely related problem is clarification of the notion of quantum randomness and its interrelation with classical randomness. In this short review we shall discuss basics of classical theory of randomness (which by itself is very complex and characterized by diversity of approaches) and compare it with irreducible quantum randomness. The second part of this review is devoted to the information interpretation of quantum mechanics (QM) in the spirit of Zeilinger and Brukner (and QBism of Fuchs et al.) and physics in general (e.g., Wheeler's "it from bit") as well as digital philosophy of Chaitin (with historical coupling to ideas of Leibnitz). Finally, w...

  11. Classical and statistical thermodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Rizk, Hanna A

    2016-01-01

    This is a text book of thermodynamics for the student who seeks thorough training in science or engineering. Systematic and thorough treatment of the fundamental principles rather than presenting the large mass of facts has been stressed. The book includes some of the historical and humanistic background of thermodynamics, but without affecting the continuity of the analytical treatment. For a clearer and more profound understanding of thermodynamics this book is highly recommended. In this respect, the author believes that a sound grounding in classical thermodynamics is an essential prerequisite for the understanding of statistical thermodynamics. Such a book comprising the two wide branches of thermodynamics is in fact unprecedented. Being a written work dealing systematically with the two main branches of thermodynamics, namely classical thermodynamics and statistical thermodynamics, together with some important indexes under only one cover, this treatise is so eminently useful.

  12. Computation in Classical Mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Timberlake, Todd

    2007-01-01

    There is a growing consensus that physics majors need to learn computational skills, but many departments are still devoid of computation in their physics curriculum. Some departments may lack the resources or commitment to create a dedicated course or program in computational physics. One way around this difficulty is to include computation in a standard upper-level physics course. An intermediate classical mechanics course is particularly well suited for including computation. We discuss the ways we have used computation in our classical mechanics courses, focusing on how computational work can improve students' understanding of physics as well as their computational skills. We present examples of computational problems that serve these two purposes. In addition, we provide information about resources for instructors who would like to include computation in their courses.

  13. The classic project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Exchange of data and algorithms among accelerator physics programs is difficult because of unnecessary differences in input formats and internal data structures. To alleviate these problems a C++ class library called CLASSIC (Class Library for Accelerator System Simulation and Control) is being developed with the goal to provide standard building blocks for computer programs used in accelerator design. It includes modules for building accelerator lattice structures in computer memory using a standard input language, a graphical user interface, or a programmed algorithm. It also provides simulation algorithms. These can easily be replaced by modules which communicate with the control system of the accelerator. Exchange of both data and algorithm between different programs using the CLASSIC library should present no difficulty

  14. Injuries in classical ballet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Coutinho de Azevedo Guimarães

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to elucidate what injuries are most likely to occur due to classical ballet practice. The research used national and international bibliography. The bibliography analysis indicated that technical and esthetical demands lead to a practice of non-anatomical movements, causing the ballet dancer to suffer from a number of associated lesions. Most of the injuries are caused by technical mistakes and wrong training. Troubles in children are usually due to trying to force external rotation at hip level and to undue use of point ballet slippers. The commonest lesions are in feet and ankles, followed by knees and hips. The rarest ones are in the upper limbs. These injuries are caused by exercise excess, by repetitions always in the same side and by wrong and early use of point slippers. The study reached the conclusion that incorrect application of classical ballet technique predisposes the dancers to characteristic injuries.

  15. Classical Diophantine equations

    CERN Document Server

    1993-01-01

    The author had initiated a revision and translation of "Classical Diophantine Equations" prior to his death. Given the rapid advances in transcendence theory and diophantine approximation over recent years, one might fear that the present work, originally published in Russian in 1982, is mostly superseded. That is not so. A certain amount of updating had been prepared by the author himself before his untimely death. Some further revision was prepared by close colleagues. The first seven chapters provide a detailed, virtually exhaustive, discussion of the theory of lower bounds for linear forms in the logarithms of algebraic numbers and its applications to obtaining upper bounds for solutions to the eponymous classical diophantine equations. The detail may seem stark--- the author fears that the reader may react much as does the tourist on first seeing the centre Pompidou; notwithstanding that, Sprind zuk maintainsa pleasant and chatty approach, full of wise and interesting remarks. His emphases well warrant, ...

  16. Are superparamagnetic spins classical?

    OpenAIRE

    Garanin, D. A.

    2008-01-01

    Effective giant spins of magnetic nanoparticles are considered classically in the conventional theory of superparamagnetism based on the Landau-Lifshitz-Langevin equation. However, microscopic calculations for a large spin with uniaxial anisotropy, coupled to the lattice via the simplest generic mechanism, show that the results of the conventional theory are not reproduced in the limit S ->\\infty. In particular, the prefactor Gamma_0 in the Arrhenius escape rate over the barrier Gamma =Gamma_...

  17. Injuries in classical ballet

    OpenAIRE

    Adriana Coutinho de Azevedo Guimarães; Joseani Paulini Neves Simas

    2008-01-01

    This study aimed to elucidate what injuries are most likely to occur due to classical ballet practice. The research used national and international bibliography. The bibliography analysis indicated that technical and esthetical demands lead to a practice of non-anatomical movements, causing the ballet dancer to suffer from a number of associated lesions. Most of the injuries are caused by technical mistakes and wrong training. Troubles in children are usually due to trying to force external ...

  18. A Classic's New Charm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG HAIRONG

    2010-01-01

    @@ North Korea's Phibada Opera Troupe arrived in Beijing on May3,bringing with it a Korean opera adapted from China's classic novel A Dream of Red Mansions written by Cao Xueqin(around 1715-63),a great novelist of the Qing Dynasty(1644-1911).The troupe,invited by the Chinese Ministry of Culture,is one of the largest performing groups having visited China in recent years.

  19. Computation in Classical Mechanics

    OpenAIRE

    Timberlake, Todd; Hasbun, Javier E.

    2007-01-01

    There is a growing consensus that physics majors need to learn computational skills, but many departments are still devoid of computation in their physics curriculum. Some departments may lack the resources or commitment to create a dedicated course or program in computational physics. One way around this difficulty is to include computation in a standard upper-level physics course. An intermediate classical mechanics course is particularly well suited for including computation. We discuss th...

  20. Sociology and Classical Liberalism

    OpenAIRE

    KLEIN, Daniel; Stern, Lotta

    2005-01-01

    We advocate the development of a classical-liberal character within professional sociology. The American Sociological Association (ASA) is taken as representative of professional sociology in the United States. We review the ASA’s activities and organizational statements, to show the association’s leftist character. Internal criticism is often very uneasy about leftist domination of the field. We present survey results establishing that, in voting and in policy views, the ASA membership is mo...

  1. Revisiting a Classic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Ibram

    2008-01-01

    As a 26-year-old English teacher in 1958, Chinua Achebe had no idea that the book he was writing would become a literary classic, not only in Africa but also throughout the world. He could only try to articulate the feelings he had for his countrymen and women. Achebe had a burning desire to tell the true story of Africa and African humanity. The…

  2. Concepts of classical optics

    CERN Document Server

    Strong, John

    2004-01-01

    An intermediate course in optics, this volume explores both experimental and theoretical concepts, offering practical knowledge of geometrical optics that will enhance students' comprehension of any relevant applied science. Its exposition of the concepts of classical optics is presented with a minimum of mathematical detail but presumes some knowledge of calculus, vectors, and complex numbers.Subjects include light as wave motion; superposition of wave motions; electromagnetic waves; interaction of light and matter; velocities and scattering of light; polarized light and dielectric boundarie

  3. Diffusion of Classical Solitons

    OpenAIRE

    Dziarmaga, J.; Zakrzewski, W.

    1998-01-01

    We study the diffusion and deformation of classical solitons coupled to thermal noise. The diffusion coefficient for kinks in the $\\phi^4$ theory is predicted up to the second order in $kT$. The prediction is verified by numerical simulations. Multiskyrmions in the vector O(3) sigma model are studied within the same formalism. Thermal noise results in a diffusion on the multisoliton collective coordinate space (moduli space). There are entropic forces which tend, for example, to bind pairs of...

  4. What was classical genetics?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waters, C Kenneth

    2004-12-01

    I present an account of classical genetics to challenge theory-biased approaches in the philosophy of science. Philosophers typically assume that scientific knowledge is ultimately structured by explanatory reasoning and that research programs in well-established sciences are organized around efforts to fill out a central theory and extend its explanatory range. In the case of classical genetics, philosophers assume that the knowledge was structured by T. H. Morgan's theory of transmission and that research throughout the later 1920s, 30s, and 40s was organized around efforts to further validate, develop, and extend this theory, I show that classical genetics was structured by an integration of explanatory reasoning (associated with the transmission theory) and investigative strategies (such as the 'genetic approach'). The investigative strategies, which have been overlooked in historical and philosophical accounts, were as important as the so-called laws of Mendelian genetics. By the later 1920s, geneticists of the Morgan school were no longer organizing research around the goal of explaining inheritance patterns; rather, they were using genetics to investigate a range of biological phenomena that extended well beyond the explanatory domain of transmission theories. Theory-biased approaches in history and philosophy of science fail to reveal the overall structure of scientific knowledge and obscure the way it functions. PMID:15682554

  5. Non-Detection of Nova Shells Around Asynchronous Polars

    CERN Document Server

    Pagnotta, Ashley

    2016-01-01

    Asynchronous polars (APs) are accreting white dwarfs (WDs) that have different WD and orbital angular velocities, unlike the rest of the known polars, which rotate synchronously (i.e., their WD and orbital angular velocities are the same). Past nova eruptions are the predicted cause of the asynchronicity, in part due to the fact that one of the APs, V1500 Cyg, was observed to undergo a nova eruption in 1975. We used the Southern African Large Telescope 10m class telescope and the MDM 2.4m Hiltner telescope to search for nova shells around three of the remaining four APs (V1432 Aql, BY Cam, and CD Ind) as well as one Intermediate Polar with a high asynchronicity (EX Hya). We found no evidence of nova shells in any of our images. We therefore cannot say that any of the systems besides V1500 Cyg had nova eruptions, but because not all post-nova systems have detectable shells, we also cannot exclude the possibility of a nova eruption occurring in any of these systems and knocking the rotation out of sync.

  6. Laying the foundation for a digital Nova Scotia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bond, J.

    2016-04-01

    In 2013, the Province of Nova Scotia began an effort to modernize its coordinate referencing infrastructure known as the Nova Scotia Coordinate Referencing System (NSCRS). At that time, 8, active GPS stations were installed in southwest Nova Scotia to evaluate the technology's ability to address the Province's coordinate referencing needs. The success of the test phase helped build a business case to implement the technology across the entire Province. It is anticipated that by the end of 2015, 40 active GPS stations will be in place across Nova Scotia. This infrastructure, known as the Nova Scotia Active Control Stations (NSACS) network, will allow for instantaneous, centimetre level positioning across the Province. Originally designed to address the needs of the surveying community, the technology has also proven to have applications in mapping, machine automation, agriculture, navigation, emergency response, earthquake detection and other areas. In the foreseeable future, all spatial data sets captured in Nova Scotia will be either directly or indirectly derived from the NSACS network. The technology will promote high accuracy and homogenous spatial data sets across the Province. The technology behind the NSACS and the development of the system are described. Examples of how the technology is contributing to a digital Nova Scotia are presented. Future applications of the technology are also considered.

  7. Non-detection of nova shells around asynchronous polars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pagnotta, Ashley; Zurek, David

    2016-05-01

    Asynchronous polars (APs) are accreting white dwarfs (WDs) that have different WD and orbital angular velocities, unlike the rest of the known polars, which rotate synchronously (i.e. their WD and orbital angular velocities are the same). Past nova eruptions are the predicted cause of the asynchronicity, in part due to the fact that one of the APs, V1500 Cyg, was observed to undergo a nova eruption in 1975. We used the Southern African Large Telescope 10 m class telescope and the MDM 2.4 m Hiltner telescope to search for nova shells around three of the remaining four APs (V1432 Aql, BY Cam, and CD Ind) as well as one Intermediate Polar with a high asynchronicity (EX Hya). We found no evidence of nova shells in any of our images. We therefore cannot say that any of the systems besides V1500 Cyg had nova eruptions, but because not all post-nova systems have detectable shells, we also cannot exclude the possibility of a nova eruption occurring in any of these systems and knocking the rotation out of sync.

  8. Population of post-nova supersoft X-ray sources

    CERN Document Server

    Soraisam, Monika D; Wolf, William M; Bildsten, Lars

    2015-01-01

    Novae undergo a supersoft X-ray phase of varying duration after the optical outburst. Such transient post-nova supersoft X-ray sources (SSSs) are the majority of the observed SSSs in M31. In this paper, we use the post-nova evolutionary models of Wolf et al. to compute the expected population of post-nova SSSs in M31. We predict that depending on the assumptions about the WD mass distribution in novae, at any instant there are about 250-600 post-nova SSSs in M31 with (unabsorbed) 0.2-1.0 keV luminosity L_x>10^36 erg/s. Their combined unabsorbed luminosity is of the order of ~10^39 erg/s. Their luminosity distribution shows significant steepening around log(L_x)~37.7-38 and becomes zero at L_x~2x10^38 erg/s, the maximum L_x achieved in the post-nova evolutionary tracks. Their effective temperature distribution has a roughly power law shape with differential slope of ~4-6 up to the maximum temperature of T_eff~1.5x10^6 K. We compare our predictions with the results of the XMM-Newton monitoring of the central fi...

  9. V5584 SGR = Nova Sagittarii 2009 Number 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waagen, Elizabeth O.

    2009-10-01

    V5584 Sgr = N Sgr 2009 No. 4 was discovered By: Koichi Nishiyama, Kurume, Fukuoka-ken, Japan, and F. Kabashima, Miyaki-cho, Saga-ken, Japan, on Oct. 26.439 UT (two frames from Oct. 26.439 and 26.440) at unfiltered CCD magnitude 9.3, using a 105-mm f/4 camera lens. V5584 Sgr is located at R.A. 18:31:32.79, Decl. -16:19:07.5 (equinox 2000.0), based on the discoverers' five unfiltered CCD frames taken around Oct. 26.455 UT. The object was confirmed as a classical nova through spectra obtained by K. Kinugasa, S. Honda, O. Hashimoto, H. Taguchi, and H. Takahashi, Gunma Astronomical Observatory, Japan, on Oct. 27.4 UT; by H. Maehara, Kwasan Observatory, Kyoto University, Japan, on Oct. 27.42 UT; and (reported by Maehara) by M. Fujii, Okayama, Japan, on Oct. 27.43 UT. Observations reported to the AAVSO: Oct. 27.4167 UT, 10.0 (green channel of DSLR image), R. Kaufman, Bright, Victoria, Australia; 27.7300, 9.9, R. Fidrich, Budapest, Hungary; 27.7396, 9.8, D. Vansteelant, Belgium; 27.9865, 9.78, G. Beltran, Cochabamba, Bolivia; 28.0646, 9.8, S. Aguirre, Hermosillo, Mexico; H. Maehara, Kwasan Observatory, Kyoto University (via IAU Circular 9089) - Oct. 27.460, 8.66 Ic; 27.461, 9.29 Rc; 27.461, 9.90 V; 27.463, 11.06 B. N Sgr 2009 No. 4 was originally announced in CBET 1994 (Daniel W. E. Green, Ed.) and AAVSO Special Notice #173 (E. Waagen). Additional non-AAVSO information in this Alert Notice was announced in IAU CBET No. 1995 and IAU Circular 9089 (Daniel W. E. Green, Ed.).

  10. Nova Scotia's community feed in tariff

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the increasing concern over environmental issues, many government bodies have taken an interest in renewable energy. In their 2010 Renewable Electricity Plan, the Nova Scotia Department of Energy set a goal of being 40% dependent on renewable electricity by 2020 and they have already created a number of incentives, including a community feed-in tariff program (COMFIT). For a project to qualify for the COMIFT program it must be community owned, connected to the grid, and its energy must come from an approved list of technologies. As a developer of renewable energy projects, Scotian Windfields Inc. works with Community Economic Development Investment Funds (CEDIFs) interested in investing in renewable energy projects. To maintain COMFIT eligibility, the CEDIFs must maintain voting control of the project. Over a 10 year period, CEDIF investors in Scotian Windfield Inc. projects have come to number over 800 and have raised over $3 million.

  11. TIDAL NOVAE IN COMPACT BINARY WHITE DWARFS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Compact binary white dwarfs (WDs) undergoing orbital decay due to gravitational radiation can experience significant tidal heating prior to merger. In these WDs, the dominant tidal effect involves the excitation of outgoing gravity waves in the inner stellar envelope and the dissipation of these waves in the outer envelope. As the binary orbit decays, the WDs are synchronized from outside in (with the envelope synchronized first, followed by the core). We examine the deposition of tidal heat in the envelope of a carbon-oxygen WD and study how such tidal heating affects the structure and evolution of the WD. We show that significant tidal heating can occur in the star's degenerate hydrogen layer. This layer heats up faster than it cools, triggering runaway nuclear fusion. Such 'tidal novae' may occur in all WD binaries containing a CO WD, at orbital periods between 5 minutes and 20 minutes, and precede the final merger by 105-106 years.

  12. Nova abordagem no tratamento da esquizofrenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter Speltri

    1966-12-01

    Full Text Available Foram tratados 11 casos de esquizofrenia com a guanetidina, substância considerada, do ponto de vista farmacodinâmico, como simpaticoplégica. Na opinião do autor, os surpreendentes e significativos resultados obtidos autorizam uma nova abordagem nas pesquisas à procura da etiopatogenia da esquizofrenia e, a partir dos elementos colhidos, considera plausível uma "teoria psicossomática da esquizofrenia". Recusa-se, entretanto, a cair no atraente, mas inútil, terreno especulativo. Prefere aguardar que os farmacologistas e fisiologistas forneçam dados pais precisos sobre o mecanismo de ação da guanetidina e que novos estudos confirmem seus resultados para, depois, dar publicidade à sua teoria.

  13. La nova identitat visual de la EAP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dario D. Aguillón Gutiérrez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available L'Escola d'Arts Plàstiques de la Universitat Autònoma de Coahuila, a Mèxic, ha estat durant dècades una de les institucions d'ensenyament d'art i disseny més importants al nord del país. Les seves necessitats de comunicació actuals, així com la seva constant creixement, van fer necessari el disseny d'una nova identitat visual, coherent amb la seva personalitat i conscient de l'entorn en què es desenvolupa. Aquest projecte va ser realitzat entre directius, docents i estudiants de l'Escola d'Arts Plàstiques, amb l'objectiu de dotar la institució d'una identitat pròpia i professional.

  14. Liquid scintillator production for the NOvA experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mufson, S.; Baugh, B.; Bower, C.; Coan, T. E.; Cooper, J.; Corwin, L.; Karty, J. A.; Mason, P.; Messier, M. D.; Pla-Dalmau, A.; Proudfoot, M.

    2015-11-01

    The NOvA collaboration blended and delivered 8.8 kt (2.72M gal) of liquid scintillator as the active detector medium to its near and far detectors. The composition of this scintillator was specifically developed to satisfy NOvA's performance requirements. A rigorous set of quality control procedures was put in place to verify that the incoming components and the blended scintillator met these requirements. The scintillator was blended commercially in Hammond, IN. The scintillator was shipped to the NOvA detectors using dedicated stainless steel tanker trailers cleaned to food grade.

  15. Light Curve Analysis of Neon Novae

    CERN Document Server

    Hachisu, Izumi

    2015-01-01

    We analyzed light curves of five neon novae, QU Vul, V351 Pup, V382 Vel, V693 CrA, and V1974 Cyg, and determined their white dwarf (WD) masses and distance moduli on the basis of theoretical light curves composed of free-free and photospheric emission. For QU Vul, we obtained a distance of d~2.4 kpc, reddening of E(B-V)~0.55, and WD mass of M_WD=0.82-0.96 M_sun. This suggests that an oxygen-neon WD lost a mass of more than ~0.1 M_sun since its birth. For V351 Pup, we obtained d~5.5 kpc, E(B-V)~0.45, and M_WD=0.98-1.1 M_sun. For V382 Vel, we obtained d~1.6 kpc, E(B-V)~0.15, and M_WD=1.13-1.28 M_sun. For V693 CrA, we obtained d~7.1 kpc, E(B-V)~0.05, and M_WD=1.15-1.25 M_sun. For V1974 Cyg, we obtained d~1.8 kpc, E(B-V)~0.30, and M_WD=0.95-1.1 M_sun. For comparison, we added the carbon-oxygen nova V1668 Cyg to our analysis and obtained d~5.4 kpc, E(B-V)~0.30, and M_WD=0.98-1.1 M_sun. In QU Vul, photospheric emission contributes 0.4-0.8 mag at most to the optical light curve compared with free-free emission only....

  16. Newly Identified Rydberg Emission Lines in Novae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, David K.; Rudy, R. J.; Bernstein, L. S.

    2008-09-01

    Newly Identified Rydberg Emission Lines in Novae David K. Lynch, Richard. J. Rudy (The Aerospace Corporation) & Lawrence S. Bernstein (Spectral Sciences, Inc.) Novae spectra in the near infrared frequently show a set of six emission lines that have not been positively identified (Williams, Longmore, & Geballe 1996, MNRAS, 279, 804; Lynch et al. 2001, AJ, 122, 2013; Rudy et al. 2002 ApJ, 573, 794; Lynch et al. 2004 Astron. J. 127, 1089-1097). These lines are at 0.8926, 1.1114, 1.1901, 1.5545, 2.0996 and 2.425 µm ± 0.005 µm. Krautter et al. (1984 A&A 137, 304) suggested that three of the lines were due to rydberg (hydrogenic) transitions in an unspecified atomic species that was in the 4th or 5th ionization stage (core charge = 4 & 5). We believe that Krautter et al.'s explanation is correct based on 4 additional lines that we have identified in the visible and near infrared spectrum of V723 Cassiopeiae. The observed Rydberg lines appear to originate from high angular momentum states with negligible quantum defects. The species cannot be determined with any certainty because in rydberg states, the outer electron sees a nucleus shielded by the inner electrons and together the inner atom appears to have a charge of +1, like hydrogen. As a result, the atom looks hydrogenic and species such as CV, NV, OV, MgV, SiV, etc. have their rydberg transitions at very similar wavelengths. All the lines represent permitted transitions, most likely formed by recombination. Atoms with core charges 4, 5 & 6 are rarely seen in the astrophysical environment because an extremely hot radiation field is necessary to ionize them. Thermonuclear runaways on the surface of a white dwarf can reach millions of degrees K, and thus there are enough X-ray photons available to achieve the necessary high ionization levels.

  17. MULTIWAVELENGTH PHOTOMETRY AND HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE SPECTROSCOPY OF THE OLD NOVA V842 CENTAURUS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present ground-based optical and near infrared photometric observations and Hubble Space Telescope (HST) COS spectroscopic observations of the old nova V842 Cen (Nova Cen 1986). Analysis of the optical light curves reveals a peak at 56.5 ± 0.3 s with an amplitude of 8.9 ± 4.2 mma, which is consistent with the rotation of a magnetic white dwarf primary in V842 Cen that was detected earlier by Woudt et al., and led to its classification as an intermediate polar. However, our UV lightcurve created from the COS time-tag spectra does not show this periodicity. Our synthetic spectral analysis of an HST COS spectrum rules out a hot white dwarf photosphere as the source of the FUV flux. The best-fitting model to the COS spectrum is a full optically thick accretion disk with no magnetic truncation, a low disk inclination angle, low accretion rate and a distance less than half the published distance that was determined on the basis of interstellar sodium D line strengths. Truncated accretion disks with truncation radii of 3 Rwd and 5 Rwd yielded unsatisfactory agreement with the COS data. The accretion rate is unexpectedly low for a classical nova only 24 yr after the explosion when the accretion rate is expected to be high and the white dwarf should still be very hot, especially if irradiation of the donor star took place. Our low accretion rate is consistent with those derived from X-ray and ground-based optical data

  18. On Classical Ideal Gases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurent Chusseau

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available We show that the thermodynamics of ideal gases may be derived solely from the Democritean concept of corpuscles moving in vacuum plus a principle of simplicity, namely that these laws are independent of the laws of motion, aside from the law of energy conservation. Only a single corpuscle in contact with a heat bath submitted to a z and t-invariant force is considered. Most of the end results are known but the method appears to be novel. The mathematics being elementary, the present paper should facilitate the understanding of the ideal gas law and of classical thermodynamics even though not-usually-taught concepts are being introduced.

  19. Mechanics classical and quantum

    CERN Document Server

    Taylor, T T

    2015-01-01

    Mechanics: Classical and Quantum explains the principles of quantum mechanics via the medium of analytical mechanics. The book describes Schrodinger's formulation, the Hamilton-Jacobi equation, and the Lagrangian formulation. The author discusses the Harmonic Oscillator, the generalized coordinates, velocities, as well as the application of the Lagrangian formulation to systems that are partially or entirely electromagnetic in character under certain conditions. The book examines waves on a string under tension, the isothermal cavity radiation, and the Rayleigh-Jeans result pertaining to the e

  20. A Classic Through Eternity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    FIVE years ago, an ancient Chinese air was beamed to outer space as a PR exercise. To humankind, music is a universal language, so the tune seemed an ideal medium for communication with extraterrestrial intelligence. So far there has been no response, but it is believed that the tune will play for a billion years, and eventually be heard and understood. The melody is called High Mountain and Flowing Stream, and it is played on the guqin, a seven-stringed classical musical instrument similar to the zither.

  1. Numerical calculation of classical and non-classical electrostatic potentials

    CERN Document Server

    Christensen, D; Neyenhuis, B; Christensen, Dan; Durfee, Dallin S.; Neyenhuis, Brian

    2006-01-01

    We present a numerical exercise in which classical and non-classical electrostatic potentials were calculated. The non-classical fields take into account effects due to a possible non-zero photon rest mass. We show that in the limit of small photon rest mass, both the classical and non-classical potential can be found by solving Poisson's equation twice, using the first calculation as a source term in the second calculation. Our results support the assumptions in a recent proposal to use ion interferometry to search for a non-zero photon rest mass.

  2. Near Infrared studies of the carbon-monoxide and dust forming nova V5668 Sgr

    CERN Document Server

    Banerjee, D P K; Ashok, N M; Venkataraman, V

    2015-01-01

    We present near-infrared (NIR) observations of Nova V5668 Sgr, discovered in outburst on 2015 March 15.634 UT, between 2d to 107d after outburst. NIR spectral features are used to classify it as a FeII class of nova. The spectra follow the evolution of the spectral lines from a P Cygni stage to a pure emission phase where the shape of the profiles suggests the presence of a bipolar flow. A notable feature is the presence of carbon monoxide first overtone bands which are seen in emission. The CO emission is modeled to make estimates of the mass, temperature and column density to be (0.5--2.0)$\\times$ 10$^{-8}$ M$_\\odot$, 4000 $\\pm$ 300K and (0.36--1.94)$\\times$ 10$^{19}$ cm$^{-2}$ respectively. The $^{12}$C/$^{13}$C ratio is estimated to be $\\sim$ 1.5. V5668 Sgr was a strong dust producer exhibiting the classical deep dip in its optical light curve during dust formation. Analysis of the dust SED yields a dust mass of 2.7 $\\times$ 10${^{\\rm -7}}$ $M_\\odot $, a blackbody angular diameter of the dust shell of 42 ...

  3. High spectral resolution monitoring of Nova V339 Delphini with TIGRE

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Gennaro Aquino, I.; Schröder, K.-P.; Mittag, M.; Wolter, U.; Jack, D.; Eenens, P.; González-Pérez, J. N.; Hempelmann, A.; Schmitt, J. H. M. M.; Hauschildt, P. H.; Rauw, G.

    2015-09-01

    Aims: We investigate the early development of the classical nova V339 Del (Nova Delphini 2013) through high-resolution optical spectroscopy. To study the structure of the ejecta, we focus on the evolution of the absorption and emission features and the changes within the line profiles. Methods: We obtained spectra with the robotic 1.2 m telescope TIGRE equipped with the HEROS spectrograph (R = 20 000, wavelength coverage from 3800 to 8800 Å). Our data set covers the outburst from 3 until 121 days after discovery. Results: We provide a qualitative analysis of the spectra, describing the line profiles evolution and providing a rich list of identified lines. During the optically thick phase, we detected several blue-shifted absorption features from s-processed elements, whose origin is unclear. The presence of strong lines from C/O and the absence of Neon features confirm that the nature of the central white dwarf is a CO type. The later "nebular" phase spectra show evidence of the non-spherical, inhomogeneous structure of the ejecta. The detailed evolution of the line profiles and appearance of high ionization species (e.g. N III, O III, He II, [Fe VII]) are direct consequences of the re-ionization of the ejecta during the peak of the soft X-ray emission.

  4. Photoionization models of the evolution of Nova DQ Her 1934

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Data on the optical evolution of a single nova Nova DQ Her 1934 is presented. The evolution of the nova remnant and the physical conditions which influence the appearance and the evolution of the ejecta are determined from these data quantatively where possible. Through modeling a nova it is hoped to be able to learn the evolution of To photospheric temperature and Lbol (bolometric luminosity) of the remnant, the evolution of Ne (electron number density) and Te (electron temperature) in the ejecta, the physical conditions in the dust-forming region, the total mass of the ejecta and the relative abundances of the elements. This would also allow the discovery of the physical processes which influence the evolution and the appearance of the ejecta. (U.K.)

  5. Ocean and Coastal Acidification off New England and Nova Scotia

    Science.gov (United States)

    New England coastal and adjacent Nova Scotia shelf waters have a reduced buffering capacity because of significant freshwater input, making the region’s waters potentially more vulnerable to coastal acidification. Nutrient loading and heavy precipitation events further acid...

  6. The NOvA experiment: status and outlook

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NOvA long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment is currently under construction and will use an upgraded NuMI neutrino source at Fermilab and a 14-kton detector at Ash River, Minnesota to explore the neutrino sector. NOvA uses a highly active, finely segmented detector design that offers superb event identification capability, allowing precision measurements of νe/ν¯e appearance and νμ/ν¯μ disappearance, through which NOvA will provide constraints on θ13, θ23, |Δmatm2|, the neutrino mass hierarchy, and the CP-violating phase δ. In this article, we review NOvA's uniquely broad physics scope, including sensitivity updates in light of the latest knowledge of θ13, and we discuss the experiment's construction and operation timeline

  7. Quark nova inside supernova: Application to GRBs and XROs

    CERN Document Server

    Staff, Jan

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we consider a quark nova occurring inside an exploding star. The quark nova ejecta will shock when interacting with the stellar envelope. When this shock reaches the surface of the star, the energy is radiated away. We suggest that this energy may be seen in X-rays, and show here that this may explain some flares seen in the X-ray afterglow of long gamma ray bursts (GRBs). A quark nova inside an exploding star need not be followed by a GRB, or the GRB may not be beamed towards us. However, the shock breakout is likely not beamed and could be seen even in the absence of a GRB. We suggest that XRO 080109 is such an event in which a quark nova occurs inside an exploding star. No GRB is formed, but the break out of the shock leads to the XRO.

  8. Fano Interference in Classical Oscillators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satpathy, S.; Roy, A.; Mohapatra, A.

    2012-01-01

    We seek to illustrate Fano interference in a classical coupled oscillator by using classical analogues of the atom-laser interaction. We present an analogy between the dressed state picture of coherent atom-laser interaction and a classical coupled oscillator. The Autler-Townes splitting due to the atom-laser interaction is analogous to the…

  9. The assurance management program for the Nova laser fusion project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a well managed project, Quality Assurance is an integral part of the management activities performed on a daily basis. Management assures successful performance within budget and on schedule by using all the good business, scientific, engineering, quality assurance, and safety practices available. Quality assurance and safety practices employed on Nova are put in perspective by integrating them into the overall function of good project management. The Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) approach is explained in general terms. The laser ICF and magnetic fusion facilities are significantly different in that the laser system is used solely as a highly reliable energy source for performing plasma physics experiments related to fusion target development; by contrast, magnetic fusion facilities are themselves the experiments. The Nova project consists of a 10-beam, 74 cm aperture neodymium-glass laser experimental facility which is being constructed by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) for the U.S. Department of Energy. Nova has a total estimated cost of $176M and will become operational in the Fall of 1984. The Nova laser will be used as the high energy driver for studying the regime of ignition for ICF. The Nova assurance management program was developed using the quality assurance (QA) approach first implemented at LLNL in early 1978. The LLNL QA program is described as an introduction to the Nova assurance management program. The Nova system is described pictorially through the Nova configuration, subsystems and major components, interjecting the QA techniques which are being pragmatically used to assure the successful completion of the project

  10. Identifying potential need for cancer palliation in Nova Scotia

    OpenAIRE

    Johnston, G M; Gibbons, L.; Burge, F I; Dewar, R A; Cummings, I; Levy, I G

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the degree to which Nova Scotia cancer patients who may need palliative care are being referred to the comprehensive Halifax-based Palliative Care Program (PCP). METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective, population-based study using administrative health data for all adults in Nova Scotia who died of cancer from 1988 to 1994. Proportions and odds ratios (ORs) were used to determine where there were differences in age, sex, place of residence, cancer cause of death, ...

  11. Some misapplied nomina nova in reef coral taxonomy (Scleractinia)

    OpenAIRE

    Hoeksema, B.W.

    1993-01-01

    Nomina nova should be used only to denote replacement names for preoccupied names, i.e. in the case of homonymy. Three examples of incorrect applications of nomina nova in scleractinian taxonomy are given. Coincidentally, in the cases discussed each wrongly proposed nomen novum concerns a new species so that there are no nomenclatorial consequences. For one of these species, Galaxea paucisepta Claereboudt, 1990, a lectotype is designated.

  12. High-speed photometry of the Recurrent Nova IM Normae

    CERN Document Server

    Woudt, P A; Woudt, Patrick A.; Warner, Brian

    2003-01-01

    The recurrent nova IM Nor is found to have an orbital period of 2.462 h, shown by periodic dips in brightness. This is only the second recurrent nova known to have such a short period. We interpret the light curve as largely produced by a reflection effect from the heated face of the secondary star, probably with addition of a partial eclipse of the accretion disc.

  13. NLTE model atmospheres for the hottest white dwarfs: Spectral analysis of the compact component in nova V4743 Sgr

    CERN Document Server

    Rauch, T; Gonzales-Riestra, R; Nelson, T; Still, M; Werner, K; Wilms, J; 10.1088/0004-637X/717/1/363

    2010-01-01

    Half a year after its outburst in September 2002, nova V4743 Sgr evolved into the brightest supersoft X-ray source in the sky with a flux maximum around 30A. We calculated grids of synthetic energy distributions (SEDs) based on NLTE model atmospheres for the analysis of the hottest white dwarfs and present the result of fits to Chandra and XMM-Newton grating X-ray spectra of V4743 Sgr of outstanding quality, exhibiting prominent resonance lines of C V, C VI, N VI, N VII, and O VII in absorption. The nova reached its highest effective temperature (Teff = 740 +/- 70kK) around April 2003 and remained at that temperature at least until September 2003. We conclude that the white dwarf is massive, about 1.1 - 1.2 Msun. The nuclear-burning phase lasted for 2 to 2.5 years after the outburst, probably the average duration for a classical nova. The photosphere of V4743 Sgr was strongly carbon deficient (about times solar) and enriched in nitrogen and oxygen (> 5 times solar). Especially the very low C/N ratio indicates...

  14. A Search for Novae in the Bulge of M31

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rector, T. A.; Jacoby, G. H.; Corbett, D. L.; Denham, M.; RBSE Nova Search Team

    1999-12-01

    We present the initial results of a program currently underway to search for nova in local group galaxies with the KPNO 0.9-meter telescope. The long-term goal is to accurately determine if the nova rate varies for galaxies of different Hubble type. Ciardullo et al. claim that nova rates are very similar when normalized to the total galaxy K-band luminosity. However, Della Valle et al. claim the rates are different by up to a factor of four, with early-type galaxies being deficient in novae. Here we present novae found from eighteen epochs of observations of the bulge of M31. The observations span from September 1995 to July 1999. The results presented here are part of an NSF-funded research-based science education program (RBSE) operated by NOAO, wherein middle- and high-school science students learn astronomy and inquiry-based learning skills by participating in actual research. The novae presented here were discovered by students participating in the RBSE program.

  15. Mechanical Systems, Classical Models

    CERN Document Server

    Teodorescu, Petre P

    2009-01-01

    This third volume completes the Work Mechanical Systems, Classical Models. The first two volumes dealt with particle dynamics and with discrete and continuous mechanical systems. The present volume studies analytical mechanics. Topics like Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics, the Hamilton-Jacobi method, and a study of systems with separate variables are thoroughly discussed. Also included are variational principles and canonical transformations, integral invariants and exterior differential calculus, and particular attention is given to non-holonomic mechanical systems. The author explains in detail all important aspects of the science of mechanics, regarded as a natural science, and shows how they are useful in understanding important natural phenomena and solving problems of interest in applied and engineering sciences. Professor Teodorescu has spent more than fifty years as a Professor of Mechanics at the University of Bucharest and this book relies on the extensive literature on the subject as well as th...

  16. Grassmannization of classical models

    CERN Document Server

    Pollet, Lode; Prokof'ev, Nikolay V; Svistunov, Boris V

    2016-01-01

    Applying Feynman diagrammatics to non-fermionic strongly correlated models with local constraints might seem generically impossible for two separate reasons: (i) the necessity to have a Gaussian (non-interacting) limit on top of which the perturbative diagrammatic expansion is generated by Wick's theorem, and (ii) the Dyson's collapse argument implying that the expansion in powers of coupling constant is divergent. We show that for arbitrary classical lattice models both problems can be solved/circumvented by reformulating the high-temperature expansion (more generally, any discrete representation of the model) in terms of Grassmann integrals. Discrete variables residing on either links, plaquettes, or sites of the lattice are associated with the Grassmann variables in such a way that the partition function (and correlations) of the original system and its Grassmann-field counterpart are identical. The expansion of the latter around its Gaussian point generates Feynman diagrams. A proof-of-principle implement...

  17. Citation classics in epilepsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryann Wilson

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The impact of a scientific article is proportional to the citations it has received. In this study, we set out to identify the most cited works in epileptology in order to evaluate research trends in this field. METHODS: According to the Web of Science database, articles with more than 400 citations qualify as "citation classics". We conducted a literature search on the ISI Web of Science bibliometric database for scientific articles relevant to epilepsy. RESULTS: We retrieved 67 highly cited articles (400 or more citations, which were published in 31 journals: 17 clinical studies, 42 laboratory studies, 5 reviews and 3 classification articles. Clinical studies consisted of epidemiological analyses (n=3, studies on the clinical phenomenology of epilepsy (n=5 – including behavioral and prognostic aspects – and articles focusing on pharmacological (n=6 and non-pharmacological (n=3 treatment. The laboratory studies dealt with genetics (n=6, animal models (n=27, and neurobiology (n=9 – including both neurophysiology and neuropathology studies. The majority (61% of citation classics on epilepsy were published after 1986, possibly reflecting the expansion of research interest in laboratory studies driven by the development of new methodologies, specifically in the fields of genetics and animal models. Consequently, clinical studies were highly cited both before and after the mid 80s, whilst laboratory researches became widely cited after 1990. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates that the main drivers of scientific impact in the field of epileptology have increasingly become genetic and neurobiological studies, along with research on animal models of epilepsy. These articles are able to gain the highest numbers of citations in the time span of a few years and suggest potential directions for future research.

  18. Disc structure and variability in dwarf novae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harlaftis, Emilios Theofanus

    An introduction is given to dwarf novae reviewing the current research status in the field. We present IUE observations of Z Cha which support the mass transfer instability as the cause of the superoutbursts observed in SU UMa type dwarf novae. Comparison between the superoutburst and a normal outburst of Z Cha shows that the disc is flatter and has significantly less azimuthal structure than during superoutburst. Z Cha exhibits a soft x-ray deficit during superoutburst compared to OY Car. We find that the secondary star of Z Cha contributes approximately 30 percent of the infrared flux at peak of outburst. The second part of the thesis presents results from the 1988 International Time Project at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos. Investigation of the behavior of SU UMa and YZ Cnc is carried out through the outburst cycle. The secular changes of the equivalent widths of both systems shows an increasing trend even during quiescence and are caused by the continuum decrease. Both systems show a low-velocity emission component which contaminates the wings of the H(alpha) profile. In addition to doppler broadening, the Stark effect is found to cause significant broadening to the line profile. The radial dependence of the emission lines is discussed in relation to other cataclysmic variables. H(alpha) emission from the secondary star of YZ Cnc is found during superoutburst, during outburst and during quiescence after outburst. Photometry during late decline of outburst shows a sinusoidal, weak variation peaking at 0.5 orbital phase and which is related to heating of the red star or to a transient disc event. During quiescence, the flickering is found to be caused by the bright spot. This modulation increases with time and is maximum before the outburst. Doppler tomography of IP Peg during quiescence reveals an emission line distribution not consistent to the standard model. We find Balmer emission from the secondary star, at a level of only 2.5 percent of the

  19. Observations and simulations of Nova Vul 1984 2: a Nova with ejecta rich in oxygen, neon, and magnesium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nova Vul 1984 has been observed with the IUE Satellite from December 1984 through November 1987 and we expect to be able to observe it with the IUE Satellite for at least another two years. These spectra are characterized by strong lines from Mg, Ne, C, Si, O, N, and other elements. Data obtained in the ultraviolet, infrared, and optical show that this nova is ejecting material rich in oxygen, neon, and magnesium

  20. New optical nova candidate in M 31, a possible recurrent nova?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pietsch, W.; Henze, M.; Burwitz, V.; Updike, A.; Milne, P.; Williams, G.; Hartmann, D. H.

    2009-02-01

    We report the discovery of a possible nova in M 31 on two 8x60s stacked R filter CCD images obtained with the robotic 60cm telescope with an E2V CCD (2kx2k, 13.5μm sq. pixels) of the Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System (Super-LOTIS, located at Steward Observatory, Kitt Peak, Arizona, USA). The object was first detected on 2009 February 20.13 and 21.13 UT with respective magnitudes of 18.5 and 18.6.

  1. Classicalization of quantum variables and quantum–classical hybrids

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The extraction of classical degrees of freedom in quantum mechanics is studied in the stochastic variational method. By using this classicalization, a hybrid model constructed from quantum and classical variables (quantum–classical hybrids) is derived. In this procedure, conservation laws such as energy are maintained, and Ehrenfest's theorem is still satisfied with modification. The criterion for the applicability of quantum–classical hybrids is also discussed. - Highlights: • The new derivation of a quantum–classical hybrid (QCH) model is discussed based on a variational principle. • Any conserved quantities are automatically defined as the invariant transforms of a stochastic action. • The quantitative criterion to determine the validity of QCH is proposed. • Ehrenfest's theorem is satisfied in a modified way

  2. Nuclear reaction rates and the nova outburst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper we examined the consequences of improving the nuclear reaction library on our simulations of TNRs on 1.25M, WD and 1.35M, WDS. We have found that the changes in the rates have affected the nucleosynthesis predictions of our calculations but not, to any great extent, the gross features. In addition, we have used a lower mass accretion rate than in our previous studies in order to accrete (and eject) more material. This has, as expected, caused the peak values of some important parameters to increase over our previous studies at the same WD mass. However, because some important reaction rates have declined in the new compilation this has not increased the abundances for nuclei above aluminum and, in fact, they have declined while the abundances of both 26Al and 27Al have increased at both WD masses. In contrast, the abundance of 22Na has declined at both WD masses over the values predicted in our earlier work. This has important implications with respect to predictions of the observability of novae with INTEGRAL

  3. T Pyxidis: Death by a Thousand Novae

    CERN Document Server

    Patterson, Joseph; Kemp, Jonathan; Monard, Berto; Rea, Robert; Hambsch, Franz-Josef; McCormick, Jennie; Nelson, Peter; Allen, William; Krajci, Thomas; Lowther, Simon; Dvorak, Shawn; Borgman, Jordan; Richards, Thomas; Myers, Gordon; Harlingten, Caisey; Bolt, Greg

    2016-01-01

    We report a 20-year campaign to track the 1.8 hour photometric wave in the recurrent nova T Pyxidis, using the global telescope network of the Center for Backyard Astrophysics. During 1996-2011, that wave was highly stable in amplitude and waveform, resembling the orbital wave commonly seen in supersoft binaries. The period, however, was found to increase on a timescale P/P-dot=3x10^5 years. This suggests a mass transfer rate in quiescence of ~10^-7 M_sol/yr, in substantial agreement with the accretion rate based on the star's luminosity. This is ~2000x greater than is typical for cataclysmic variables of that orbital period. During the post-eruption quiescence (2012-2016), the star continued on its merry but mysterious way - similar luminosity, similar P/P-dot (2.4x10^5 years). The orbital signal became vanishingly weak (300 years of accretion at the pre-outburst rate, but the time between outbursts was only 45 years. Thus the erupting white dwarf seems to have ejected at least 6x more mass than it accreted....

  4. Regulating and Funding Midwifery in Nova Scotia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annie Morrison

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Midwives have been working in Nova Scotia for many years, and midwifery became a government funded and regulated health profession in the province in 2009. Despite the will among many decision-makers in the province to regulate the profession since the mid 1980s, several elections and lack of a management model slowed the program’s development. Implicit goals of having midwifery services included improving the quality of maternal care and health outcomes, keeping up with other provinces, responding to public demand, and saving costs. Strong and persistent bureaucratic and public advocacy work, inter-party collaboration, and research demonstrating positive and safe maternal and newborn health outcomes under midwifery care all had a role in the decision-making process. The implementation responsibility was delegated to three health districts in the province, each being responsible for designing a program to integrate midwives into maternal health care teams. The program has thus far been evaluated in an ad hoc manner with external teams performing comprehensive assessments, though the need for a cost-benefit analysis as well as more systematic assessments has been identified. Though many opportunities exist with midwifery in the province, including a continued high demand for the service, and research demonstrating positive outcomes for mothers and babies, significant challenges and threats remain to be addressed to ensure long-term sustainability of the program.

  5. NSWEP: The Nova Scotia Wind Energy Project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A two-phase project, intended to educate Nova Scotians about the potential of wind power to help reduce the province's greenhouse gas emissions, thereby fulfilling a vital role in Canada's effort to mitigate climate change effects, is described. First phase of the project involves gathering of wind data; the second the installation of a number of wind turbines throughout the province. The data gathering phase encompasses site selection, the actual data gathering for a period of about ten months, data analysis, and creation of a four or five module educational program, to be linked with intermediate high school science, mathematics, geography and social studies curriculum objectives to provide an interdisciplinary examination of these topics, and convey a sense of the complexity of the issues involved. The second phase of the project is intended to promote the possible use of wind energy in the province by installing a number of 25 kW wind turbines at selected sites throughout the province, followed by the gathering analysis of data relating to the amount of power produced by the turbines, calculating the efficiency of turbines and comparing data with the data gathered in previous years. The project is expected to last at least five years, exposing about 4000 high school students to hands-on involvement with issues of climate change and sustainable energy. Parents and the community will be exposed to these same issues indirectly, aided by the relative proximity of the weather stations to schools and the strategic location of the wind turbines. 4 refs

  6. The minimum state of dwarf novae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Infrared photometry with the Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) 50 inch (1.3 m) telescope, simultaneous photometry in u, b, v, and r with the KPNO 36 inch (91 cm) and 16 inch (41 cm) telescopes, and standard UBVr photometry and scanner measurements of the Balmer lines with the Manastash Ridge Observatory (MRO) 30 inch (76 cm) telescope were obtained for five dwarf novae (SS Cyg, Rx And, Z Cam, AH Her, and AB Dra). The observed magnitudes were converted to fluxes and the flux distribution over wavelength at minimum light was studied. Comparison of the observed distributions with that expected from free-free emission with various temperature hot spots and with different types of secondary stars yields the contribution of spot and secondary for each system. Assuming a size and distance enables the determination of the density of the spot (about 10/sup 15/ cm/sup -3/). Rough analysis of the Balmer decrement shows that the lines are optically thick at minimum.The differences among the systems are discussed in terms of the period between maxima. The systems with the shortest period (Z Cam types) have the hottest spots so that the secondary is unimportant at minimum.The flickering of Z Cam at minimum is explained in terms of a temperature change in the spot which could be caused by density clumps in the stream

  7. Por uma nova ética ambiental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edna Parizzi de Viveiros

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOEste artigo procura abordar a relação do homem com o ambiente. Entre outros pontos de discussão, argumenta que o cientificismo contribuiu para que se aprofundasse a visão de posse absoluta e exploração implacável sobre a natureza (terra, água, florestas, e que as fragilidades apresentadas pelo Planeta na atualidade são resultados do modo pelo qual se deu essa relação, ou seja, o modo como a partir do "domínio" sobre a natureza, o homem dilapidou e continua dilapidando os recursos naturais, com o intuito de produzir cada vez mais bens para o consumo, gerar e concentrar riquezas. Por fim, o artigo trata da emergência da educação ambiental e da prática interdisciplinar entre saberes, para que se possa construir uma nova ética ambiental, tão necessária à sobrevivência do Planeta.

  8. Shortest Recurrence Periods of Forced Novae

    CERN Document Server

    Hachisu, Izumi; Kato, Mariko

    2016-01-01

    We revisit hydrogen shell burning on white dwarfs (WDs) with higher mass accretion rates than the stability limit, \\dot M_stable, above which hydrogen burning is stable. Novae occur with mass accretion rates below the limit. For an accretion rate > \\dot M_stable, a first hydrogen shell flash occurs followed by steady nuclear burning, so the shell burning will not be quenched as long as the WD continuously accretes matter. On the basis of this picture, some persistent supersoft X-ray sources can be explained by binary models with high accretion rates. In some recent studies, however, the claim has been made that no steady hydrogen shell burning exists even for accretion rates > \\dot M_{\\rm stable}. We demonstrate that, in such cases, repetitive flashes occurred because mass accretion was artificially controlled. If we stop mass accretion during the outburst, no new nuclear fuel is supplied, so the shell burning will eventually stop. If we resume mass accretion after some time, the next outburst eventually occu...

  9. Classical competing risks

    CERN Document Server

    Crowder, Martin J

    2001-01-01

    If something can fail, it can often fail in one of several ways and sometimes in more than one way at a time. There is always some cause of failure, and almost always, more than one possible cause. In one sense, then, survival analysis is a lost cause. The methods of Competing Risks have often been neglected in the survival analysis literature. Written by a leading statistician, Classical Competing Risks thoroughly examines the probability framework and statistical analysis of data of Competing Risks. The author explores both the theory of the subject and the practicalities of fitting the models to data. In a coherent, self-contained, and sequential account, the treatment moves from the bare bones of the Competing Risks setup and the associated likelihood functions through survival analysis using hazard functions. It examines discrete failure times and the difficulties of identifiability, and concludes with an introduction to the counting-process approach and the associated martingale theory.With a dearth of ...

  10. Classical Fourier analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Grafakos, Loukas

    2014-01-01

    The main goal of this text is to present the theoretical foundation of the field of Fourier analysis on Euclidean spaces. It covers classical topics such as interpolation, Fourier series, the Fourier transform, maximal functions, singular integrals, and Littlewood–Paley theory. The primary readership is intended to be graduate students in mathematics with the prerequisite including satisfactory completion of courses in real and complex variables. The coverage of topics and exposition style are designed to leave no gaps in understanding and stimulate further study. This third edition includes new Sections 3.5, 4.4, 4.5 as well as a new chapter on “Weighted Inequalities,” which has been moved from GTM 250, 2nd Edition. Appendices I and B.9 are also new to this edition.  Countless corrections and improvements have been made to the material from the second edition. Additions and improvements include: more examples and applications, new and more relevant hints for the existing exercises, new exercises, and...

  11. Classics in radio astronomy

    CERN Document Server

    Sullivan, Woodruff Turner

    1982-01-01

    Radio techniques were the nrst to lead astronomy away from the quiescent and limited Universe revealed by traditional observations at optical wave­ lengths. In the earliest days of radio astronomy, a handful of radio physicists and engineers made one startling discovery after another as they opened up the radio sky. With this collection of classic papers and the extensive intro­ ductory material, the reader can experience these exciting discoveries, as well as understand the developing techniques and follow the motivations which prompted the various lines of inquiry. For instance he or she will follow in detail the several attempts to detect radio waves from the sun at the turn of the century; the unravelling by Jansky of a "steady hiss type static"; the incredible story of Reber who built a 9 meter dish in his backyard in 1937 and then mapped the Milky Way; the vital discoveries by Hey and colleagues of radio bursts from the Sun and of a discrete source in the constellation of Cygnus; the development of re...

  12. Classical and quantum effective theories

    CERN Document Server

    Polonyi, Janos

    2014-01-01

    A generalization of the action principle of classical mechanics, motivated by the Closed Time Path (CTP) scheme of quantum field theory, is presented to deal with initial condition problems and dissipative forces. The similarities of the classical and the quantum cases are underlined. In particular, effective interactions which describe classical dissipative forces represent the system-environment entanglement. The relation between the traditional effective theories and their CTP extension is briefly discussed and few qualitative examples are mentioned.

  13. Population in the classic economics

    OpenAIRE

    Adnan Doğruyol

    2013-01-01

    Growth subject in economics is an important factor of development. Classic economics ecole indicates the population as main variable which tender of growth. On the other hand T. R. Malthus is known as economist who regards population as a problem and brings up it among the classical economists. However, Adam Smith is an intellectual who discussed population problem earlier on the classic economics theory. According to Adam Smith one of the main factors that realise the growth is labour. In ad...

  14. Coherent Communication of Classical Messages

    OpenAIRE

    Harrow, Aram W.

    2003-01-01

    We define "coherent communication" in terms of a simple primitive, show it is equivalent to the ability to send a classical message with a unitary or isometric operation, and use it to relate other resources in quantum information theory. Using coherent communication, we are able to generalize super-dense coding to prepare arbitrary quantum states instead of only classical messages. We also derive single-letter formulae for the classical and quantum capacities of a bipartite unitary gate assi...

  15. The classic: Bone morphogenetic protein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urist, Marshall R; Strates, Basil S

    2009-12-01

    This Classic Article is a reprint of the original work by Marshall R. Urist and Basil S. Strates, Bone Morphogenetic Protein. An accompanying biographical sketch of Marshall R. Urist, MD is available at DOI 10.1007/s11999-009-1067-4; a second Classic Article is available at DOI 10.1007/s11999-009-1069-2; and a third Classic Article is available at DOI 10.1007/s11999-009-1070-9. The Classic Article is copyright 1971 by Sage Publications Inc. Journals and is reprinted with permission from Urist MR, Strates BS. Bone morphogenetic protein. J Dent Res. 1971;50:1392-1406. PMID:19727989

  16. The Nova Rate in Galaxies of Different Hubble Type

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rector, Travis A.; Cool, Richard

    2006-02-01

    We propose to continue a monthly imaging program at the 0.9m to determine the nova rate in several galaxies of different Hubble type. Ciardullo et al. (1990) claim that the nova rates in galaxies of different Hubble type are very similar when normalized to the total galaxy K-band luminosity. However, Della Valle et al. (1994) claim the rates to be different by up to a factor of four, with early-type galaxies being deficient in novae. Since nova rates depend on several properties of the stellar population they derive from, one might expect some variations. The observations proposed here will provide much better statistics on several Local Group galaxies than presently exists in order to improve the nova rate estimates in a variety of stellar populations, in particular in M33 and the disk of M31. This data will also be used in an NSF-funded research-based science education program (TLRBSE) operated by NOAO, wherein middle- and high- school science students learn astronomy and inquiry-based learning skills by participating in an actual research program. This request represents the continuation of the approved program from prior semesters.

  17. A Classic Beauty

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    M51, whose name comes from being the 51st entry in Charles Messier's catalog, is considered to be one of the classic examples of a spiral galaxy. At a distance of about 30 million light-years from Earth, it is also one of the brightest spirals in the night sky. A composite image of M51, also known as the Whirlpool Galaxy, shows the majesty of its structure in a dramatic new way through several of NASA's orbiting observatories. X-ray data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory reveals point-like sources (purple) that are black holes and neutron stars in binary star systems. Chandra also detects a diffuse glow of hot gas that permeates the space between the stars. Optical data from the Hubble Space Telescope (green) and infrared emission from the Spitzer Space Telescope (red) both highlight long lanes in the spiral arms that consist of stars and gas laced with dust. A view of M51 with the Galaxy Evolution Explorer telescope shows hot, young stars that produce lots of ultraviolet energy (blue). The textbook spiral structure is thought be the result of an interaction M51 is experiencing with its close galactic neighbor, NGC 5195, which is seen just above. Some simulations suggest M51's sharp spiral shape was partially caused when NGC 5195 passed through its main disk about 500 million years ago. This gravitational tug of war may also have triggered an increased level of star formation in M51. The companion galaxy's pull would be inducing extra starbirth by compressing gas, jump-starting the process by which stars form.

  18. Documentos escolares: impactos das novas tecnologia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Obino Corrêa Werle

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available  Reflexões acerca das mudanças proporcionadas pelas novas tecnologias na gestão, escrituração e arquivos escolares e das alterações normativas referentes a escrituração e arquivo. Descrição e análise da diferenciação documental tornando corno objeto formas de registro e comunicação do aproveitamento dos alunos pelas escolas aos pais e à sociedade ­livros de atas de aproveitamento, relatórios impressos, boletim semanal de comportamento, boletins de aproveitamento dos alunos para comunicação mensal ou bimestral aos pais, até boletins digitalizados que trafegam eletronicamente entre a escola e os pais, disponíveis em página web das escolas.Palavras-chave: história das instituições educativas; arquivos de instituições educativas; digitalização de documentos.   Abstract Reflections about the changes provided by new technologies to the administration, book­keeping and school archives and the normative alterations referring to book-keeping and archives. The description and analysis of the documental differentiation taking as an object ways of registry and communication to the parents and society of results of the pupils - book of registration of the progress, printed reports, weekly bulletin of behavior, bulletins of progress of the pupils for the monthly or bimestrial communication to the parents, as well as digitalized bulletins which can travel electronically between the school and the parents, available on web pages of the schools. Keywords: history of the educational institutions, archives of the educational institutions, digitalization of documents. 

  19. The Nova-like star RW Sextantis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stokes, S. J.; Evans, J. M.; Bianchini, A.; Canterna, R.

    2000-12-01

    We have analyzed 17 medium resolution spectra of RW Sex taken in 1988 at La Silla in the spectral range is 4000-5000 Å with a dispersion of 60 Å/mm and spectral resolution of about 2 Å/pixel. The mean spectrum of the object shows the continuum energy distribution slightly brighter and steeper than that observed by Beuermann, Stasiewski and Schwope (1992). In both cases the slope seems to be steeper that the λ -2.33 power law predicted for standard accretion discs (see Warner 1995). This might be due to uncertain flux calibration or to the dramatic intrinsic variability of this nova-like system (Honeycutt et al. 1998). Like in Beuerman et al.'s, the hydrogen and the HeI lines appear in absorption with superimposed central emission components. Relatively weak emissions from HeII at λ λ 4542,4686 and the blend CIII+NIII at λ4640 -50 are also seen. The peaks of the narrow emissions components of Hβ , HeIλ4471 and HeIλ4922 have been measured using Gaussian fittings. The new ephemeris are: T0(HJD) = 2446486.5061 +/- 0.0010 + 0.245064 +/- 0.000004 The radial velocity curve produced by the absorption components of the hydrogen and the HeI lines are in antiphase with respect to that produced by the emission cores. The amplitudes of all the radial velocity curves are consistent with those shown by Beuermann, Stasiewski and Schwope (1992). According to these authors the absorption lines are produced in the optically thick accretion disc while the narrow emissions arise from the heated atmosphere of the secondary. We fail however to detect the broad emission components observed by these authors and attributed to the hot disc corona. This point should deserve future investigation.

  20. Dosagem de proteínas totais e desidrogenase lática para o diagnóstico de transudatos e exsudatos pleurais: redefinindo o critério clássico com uma nova abordagem estatística Determination of total proteins and lactate dehydrogenase for the diagnosis of pleural transudates and exudates: redefining the classical criterion with a new statistical approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Henrique Ferraz Maranhão

    2010-08-01

    the classical criterion in terms of diagnostic yield. METHODS: This was an observational, cross-sectional study with a within-subject design, comprising 181 patients with pleural effusion treated at two university hospitals in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, between 2003 and 2006. The diagnostic parameters included in the classical criterion were identified, as were those included in the new criterion. RESULTS: Of the 181 patients, 152 and 29 were diagnosed with pleural exudates and pleural transudates, respectively. For the classical criterion, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for the diagnosis of pleural exudates were, respectively, 99.8%, 68.6%, and 94.5%, whereas the corresponding values for the diagnosis of pleural transudates were 76.1%, 90.1%, and 87.6%. For the new criterion (cut-off points set at 3.4 g/dL for TP-PF and 328.0 U/L for LDH-PF, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for the diagnosis of exudates were, respectively, 99.4%, 72.6%, and 99.2%, whereas the corresponding values for the diagnosis of transudates were 98.5%, 83.4%, and 90.0%. The accuracy of the new criterion for the diagnosis of pleural exudates was significantly greater than was that of the classical criterion (p = 0.0022. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnostic yield was comparable between the two criteria studied. Therefore, the new classification criterion can be used in daily practice.

  1. X-Ray Emission from an Asymmetric Blast Wave and a Massive White Dwarf in the Gamma Ray Emitting Nova V407 CYG

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Thomas; Donato, Davide; Mukai, Koji; Sokoloski, Jennifer; Chomiuk, Laura

    2012-01-01

    Classical nova events in symbiotic stars, although rare, offer a unique opportunity to probe the interaction between ejecta and a dense environment in stellar explosions. In this work, we use X-ray data obtained with Swift and Suzaku during the recent classical nova outburst in V407 Cyg to explore such an interaction. We find evidence of both equilibrium and non-equilibrium ionization plasmas at the time of peak X-ray brightness, indicating a strong asymmetry in the density of the emitting region. Comparing a simple model to the data, we find that the X-ray evolution is broadly consistent with nova ejecta driving a forward shock into the dense wind of the Mira companion. We detect a highly absorbed soft X-ray component in the spectrum during the first 50 days of the outburst that is consistent with supersoft emission from the nuclear burning white dwarf. The high temperature and short turn off time of this emission component, in addition to the observed breaks in the optical and UV lightcurves, indicate that the white dwarf in the binary is extremely massive. Finally, we explore the connections between the X-ray and GeV-ray evolution, and propose that the gamma ray turn-off is due to the stalling of the forward shock as the ejecta reach the red giant surface.

  2. The Star of Bethlehem is Not the Nova DO Aquilae (Nor Any Other Nova, Supernova, or Comet)

    CERN Document Server

    Schaefer, Bradley E

    2013-01-01

    The Star of Bethlehem is only known from a few verses in the Gospel of Matthew, with the Star inspiring and leading the Magi (i.e., Persian astrologers) to Jerusalem and ultimately worshipping the young Jesus Christ in Bethlehem. In the last four centuries, astronomers have put forth over a dozen greatly different naturalistic explanations, all involving astronomical events, often a bright nova, supernova, or comet. This paper will evaluate one prominent recent proposal, that the Star was a 'recurrent nova' now catalogued as DO Aquilae, and provide three refutations. In particular, (1) DO Aql is certainly not a recurrent nova, but rather an ordinary nova with a recurrence time scale of over a million years, (2) in its 1925 eruption, DO Aql certainly never got brighter than 8.5 mag, and the physics of the system proves that it could never get to the required luminosity of a supernova, and (3) the Magi were astrologers who had no recognition or interpretation for novae (or supernovae or comets) so any such even...

  3. The analysis of spectra of novae taken near maximum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have recently begun a project to analyze ultraviolet spectra of novae obtained at or near maximum optical light. These spectra are characterized by a relatively cool continuum with superimposed permitted emission lines from ions such as FE II, Mg II, and Si II. In contrast, the spectra obtained late in the outburst show only emission lines from highly ionized species and in many cases these are forbidden lines. These ultraviolet data will be used in combination with recent calculations of spherical, expanding, stellar atmospheres for novae to determine elemental abundances by spectral line synthesis. This method is extremely sensitive to the abundances and completely independent of the nebular analyses usually used to obtain novae abundances

  4. Liquid scintillator production for the NOvA experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Mufson, S; Bower, C; Coan, T; Cooper, J; Corwin, L; Karty, J; Mason, P; Pla-Dalmau, A; Proudfoot, M

    2015-01-01

    The NOvA collaboration blended and delivered 8.8 kt (2.72M gal) of liquid scintillator to its detectors as its active detector medium. The composition of the scintillator was developed to meet the requirements of the experiment. The scintillator was shipped to the NOvA near and far detectors using dedicated stainless steel tanker trailers. A rigorous set of quality control procedures were put in place to assure that the liquid scintillator was blended to satisfy the transparency, light yield, and conductivity requirements. The incoming components, the blended scintillator, and the scintillator in the transport tanker trailers were all qualified with these procedures, which ensured that the NOvA scintillator was high quality and met its performance requirements.

  5. Classical Music Fan Chen Li

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The heyday of Beijing’s classical music beganin 1993, when top-quality sound equipment andrecords were imported. Also in that year, BeijingMusic Radio presented a classical music programtitled "Fan’s Club" and founded the "Music and

  6. Dynamical Symmetries in Classical Mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boozer, A. D.

    2012-01-01

    We show how symmetries of a classical dynamical system can be described in terms of operators that act on the state space for the system. We illustrate our results by considering a number of possible symmetries that a classical dynamical system might have, and for each symmetry we give examples of dynamical systems that do and do not possess that…

  7. Classical dynamics a modern perspective

    CERN Document Server

    Sudarshan, Ennackal Chandy George

    2016-01-01

    Classical dynamics is traditionally treated as an early stage in the development of physics, a stage that has long been superseded by more ambitious theories. Here, in this book, classical dynamics is treated as a subject on its own as well as a research frontier. Incorporating insights gained over the past several decades, the essential principles of classical dynamics are presented, while demonstrating that a number of key results originally considered only in the context of quantum theory and particle physics, have their foundations in classical dynamics.Graduate students in physics and practicing physicists will welcome the present approach to classical dynamics that encompasses systems of particles, free and interacting fields, and coupled systems. Lie groups and Lie algebras are incorporated at a basic level and are used in describing space-time symmetry groups. There is an extensive discussion on constrained systems, Dirac brackets and their geometrical interpretation. The Lie-algebraic description of ...

  8. Nova V2362 Cygni (Nova Cygni 2006): Spitzer, Swift, and Ground-Based Spectral Evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, David K.; Venturini, Catherine C.; Mazuk, S.; Woodward, Charles; Gehrz, Robert; Rayner, John; Helton, L.A.; Ness, Jan-Uwe; Starrfield, Sumner; Rudy, Richard J.; Russell, Ray W.; Osborne, Julian P.; Page, Kim; Pearson, Richard; Wagner, R. Mark; Puetter, Richard C.; Perry, Raleigh B.; Schwarz, Greg; Vanlandingham, Karen; Black, John; Bode, Michael; Evans, Aneurin; Geballe, Thomas; Greenhouse, Matthew; Hauschildt, Peter

    2008-01-01

    Nova V2362 Cygni has undergone a number of very unusual changes. Ground-based spectroscopy initially revealed a normal sequence of events: the object faded and its near-infrared emission lines gradually shifted to higher excitation conditions until about day 100 when the optical fading reversed and the object slowly brightened. This was accompanied by a rise in the Swift X-ray telescope flux and a sudden shift in excitation of the visible and IR spectrum back to low levels. The new lower excitation spectrum revealed broad line widths and many P-Cygni profiles, all indicative of the ejection of a second shell. Eventually, dust formed, the X-ray brightness -- apparently unaffected by dust formation -- peaked and then declined, and the object faded at all wavelengths. The Spitzer dust spectra revealed a number of solid-state emission features that, at this time, are not identified.

  9. Nova i stara politička znanost

    OpenAIRE

    Strauss, Leo

    2012-01-01

    Je li nova politička znanost, koja djeluje u uvjetima demokracije, iznijela na svjetlo išta politički važno što stara politička znanost u svojem najboljem izdanju nije znala? Nova politička znanost polazi od modernog shvaćanja znanosti po kojemu je samo znanstveno znanje istinsko znanje. Baš kao što je klasičnu fiziku morala istisnuti nuklearna fizika kako bi putem atomske bombe nastupilo atomsko doba, staru političku znanost mora istisnuti neka vrst nuklearne političke znan...

  10. A multiwavelength study of superoutbursts in dwarf novae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dwarf novae are stellar systems consisting of two stars which orbit around each other within a few hours. In dwarf novae one of the stars, which is a bit smaller and less massive than our sun, loses matter to a very compact and degenerated star: a white dwarf. This white dwarf has nearly the same mass as our sun but its radius is about a hundred times smaller. The process of mass transport was studied on the basis of observations with the Exosat-satelite (European X-ray Observatory satelite). 397 refs.; 50 figs.; 21 tabs

  11. Liquid scintillator production for the NOvA experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mufson, S., E-mail: mufson@indiana.edu [Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States); Baugh, B.; Bower, C. [Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States); Coan, T.E. [Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX 75275 (United States); Cooper, J. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL 60510 (United States); Corwin, L. [South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City, SD 57701 (United States); Karty, J.A. [Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States); Mason, P. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37916 (United States); Messier, M.D. [Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States); Pla-Dalmau, A. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL 60510 (United States); Proudfoot, M. [Renkert Oil, Morgantown, PA 19543 (United States)

    2015-11-01

    The NOvA collaboration blended and delivered 8.8 kt (2.72M gal) of liquid scintillator as the active detector medium to its near and far detectors. The composition of this scintillator was specifically developed to satisfy NOvA's performance requirements. A rigorous set of quality control procedures was put in place to verify that the incoming components and the blended scintillator met these requirements. The scintillator was blended commercially in Hammond, IN. The scintillator was shipped to the NOvA detectors using dedicated stainless steel tanker trailers cleaned to food grade.

  12. Entanglement assisted classical communication simulates "classical communication" without causal order

    OpenAIRE

    Akibue, Seiseki; Owari, Masaki; Kato, Go; Murao, Mio

    2016-01-01

    Phenomena induced by the existence of entanglement, such as nonlocal correlations, exhibit characteristic properties of quantum mechanics distinguishing from classical theories. When entanglement is accompanied by classical communication, it enhances the power of quantum operations jointly performed by two spatially separated parties. Such a power has been analyzed by the gap between the performances of joint quantum operations implementable by local operations at each party connected by clas...

  13. Quantum localization of Classical Mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Batalin, Igor A

    2016-01-01

    Quantum localization of classical mechanics within the BRST-BFV and BV (or field-antifield) quantization methods are studied. It is shown that a special choice of gauge fixing functions (or BRST-BFV charge) together with the unitary limit leads to Hamiltonian localization in the path integral of the BRST-BFV formalism. In turn, we find that a special choice of gauge fixing functions being proportional to extremals of an initial non-degenerate classical action together with a very special solution of the classical master equation result in Lagrangian localization in the partition function of the BV formalism.

  14. Quantum localization of classical mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batalin, Igor A.; Lavrov, Peter M.

    2016-07-01

    Quantum localization of classical mechanics within the BRST-BFV and BV (or field-antifield) quantization methods are studied. It is shown that a special choice of gauge fixing functions (or BRST-BFV charge) together with the unitary limit leads to Hamiltonian localization in the path integral of the BRST-BFV formalism. In turn, we find that a special choice of gauge fixing functions being proportional to extremals of an initial non-degenerate classical action together with a very special solution of the classical master equation result in Lagrangian localization in the partition function of the BV formalism.

  15. The Wigner representation of classical mechanics, quantization and classical limit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Starting from the Liouvillian formulation of classical physics it is possible by means of a Fourier transform to introduce the Wigner representation and to derive an operator structure to classical mechanisms. The importance of this new representation lies on the fact that it turns out to be suitable route to establish a general method of quantization directly from the equations of motion without alluding to the existence of Hamiltonian and Lagrangian functions. Following this approach we quantize only the motion of a Browian particle with non-linear friction in the Markovian approximation - the thermal bath may be quantum or classical -, thus when the bath is classically described we obtain a master equation which reduces to Caldeira-Legget equation for the linear friction case, and when the reservoir is quantum we get an equation reducing to the one found by Caldeira et al. By neglecting the environmental influence we show that the system can be approximately described by equations of motion in terms of wave function, such as the Schrodinger-Langevin equation and equations of the Caldirola-Kanai type. Finally to make the present study self-consistent we evaluate the classical limit of these dynamical equations employing a new classical limiting method h/2π → 0. (author)

  16. Two new Galactic novae discovered in the VVV disk images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pena, C. Contreras; Lucas, P. W.; Saito, R. K.; Minniti, D.; Kurtev, R.

    2016-04-01

    We report two novae in the Galactic plane discovered serendipitously during a search for high amplitude variable young stellar objects (Contreras Pena et al. 2016, arXiv:1602.06267) in the VVV Survey data (vvvsurvey.org; Minniti et al. 2010, New Astronomy, 15, 433).

  17. Nova laser fusion facilitydesign, engineering, and assembly overview

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nova laser fusion research facility, currently under construction at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), will provide researchers with powerful new tools for the study of nuclear weapons physics and inertial confinement fusion (ICF). The Nova laser system consists of ten large (74-cm-diam) beams, focused and aligned precisely so that their combined energy is brought to bear for a small fraction of a second on a tiny target containing thermonuclear fuel (deuterium and tritium). The ultimate goal of the LLNL ICF program is to produce fusion microexplosions that release several hundred times the energy that the laser delivers to the target. Such an achievement would make ICF attractive for military and civilian applications. The U.S. Department of Energy has approved construction of ten Nova laser beams, harmonicconversion crystal arrays, and the associated laboratory buildings. By the mid 1980s, Nova will produce the extremes of heat and pressure required to explore the physical region of ignition of the thermonuclear fuel. Additional developments in the area of highefficiency drivers and reactor systems may make ICF attractive for commercial power production

  18. Parnassiana nova : XVII. Kritische Revision der Gattung Parnassius (Fortsetzung 12)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eisner, C.

    1957-01-01

    Meine in Parnassiana Nova VIII wiedergegebene Beurteilung der spanischen apollo-subspecies muss ich aufgrund der grossen Serien davon, die ich aus Sammlung R. Oberthür erworben habe, und aufgrund des Gedankenaustausches mit Dr. W. Marten teilweise berichtigen. subsp. chrysophorus Fruhst., die niedri

  19. Centralized computer-based controls of the Nova Laser Facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article introduces the overall architecture of the computer-based Nova Laser Control System and describes its basic components. Use of standard hardware and software components ensures that the system, while specialized and distributed throughout the facility, is adaptable. 9 references, 6 figures

  20. Light curve and spectral evolution of Nova Aquilae 1982

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The discovery at the end of 1982 January of a bright nova of visual magnitude 6-7 has allowed a joint programme of simultaneous observations of the star in UV, visual, infrared and radio wavelengths. Some results of the optical observations carried out at Asiago from 1982 February to October, are presented here. (author)

  1. A period-colour relation for dwarf novae at minimum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An analysis of available UBVRI photometry of dwarf novae at minimum shows that the colour indices (B-V) and (U-B) correlate strongly with orbital period. In the colour-colour diagram they define a characteristic quiescent branch. Two models to explain the correlation are discussed. (author)

  2. Period-colour relation for dwarf novae at minimum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Echevarria, J. (Sussex Univ., Brighton, Great Britain); Jones, D.H.P. (Royal Greenwich Observatory, Hailsham, Great Britain)

    1984-02-15

    An analysis of available UBVRI photometry of dwarf novae at minimum shows that the colour indices (B-V) and (U-B) correlate strongly with orbital period. In the colour-colour diagram they define a characteristic quiescent branch. Two models to explain the correlation are discussed.

  3. A remarkable recurrent nova in M 31: The optical observations

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Darnley, M.J.; Williams, S.C.; Bode, M.F.; Henze, M.; Ness, J.-U.; Shafter, A.W.; Hornoch, Kamil; Votruba, Viktor

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 563, March (2014), L9/1-L9/4. ISSN 0004-6361 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LG12001 Institutional support: RVO:67985815 Keywords : galaxies: individual: M 31 * novae * cataclysmic variables Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics Impact factor: 4.378, year: 2014

  4. Internship and the Nova Scotia Government Experience. Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dodge, R. Bruce; McKeough, Mary

    2003-01-01

    Internship programs are traditionally seen as a social responsibility or means of screening potential employees. In a Nova Scotia government agency internship program, the agency benefitted in a different way: from the enthusiasm, fresh perspectives, and technology skills interns brought to the workplace. (SK)

  5. A multiwavelength study of the remnant of nova GK Persei

    CERN Document Server

    Anupama, G C

    2005-01-01

    We present new observations of the nebular remnant of the old nova GK Persei 1901, in the optical using the 2m HCT and at low radio frequencies using the GMRT. The evolution of the nova remnant indicates shock interaction with the ambient medium, especially in the southwest quadrant. Application of a simple model for the shock and its evolution to determine the time dependence of the radius of the shell in the southwest quadrant indicates that the shell is now expanding into an ambient medium that has a lower density compared to the density of the ambient medium ahead of the shock in 1987.There are indications of a recent interaction of the nova remnant with the ambient medium in the northeast quadrant also. The nova remnant of GK Per is detected at all the observed radio frequencies and is of similar extent as the optical remnant. Putting together our radio observations with VLA archival data on GK Per from 1997, we obtain three interesting results: 1. The spectrum above 1.4 GHz follows a power law with an i...

  6. Classical and stochastic Laplacian growth

    CERN Document Server

    Gustafsson, Björn; Vasil’ev, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    This monograph covers a multitude of concepts, results, and research topics originating from a classical moving-boundary problem in two dimensions (idealized Hele-Shaw flows, or classical Laplacian growth), which has strong connections to many exciting modern developments in mathematics and theoretical physics. Of particular interest are the relations between Laplacian growth and the infinite-size limit of ensembles of random matrices with complex eigenvalues; integrable hierarchies of differential equations and their spectral curves; classical and stochastic Löwner evolution and critical phenomena in two-dimensional statistical models; weak solutions of hyperbolic partial differential equations of singular-perturbation type; and resolution of singularities for compact Riemann surfaces with anti-holomorphic involution. The book also provides an abundance of exact classical solutions, many explicit examples of dynamics by conformal mapping as well as a solid foundation of potential theory. An extensive biblio...

  7. New perspectives on classical electromagnetism

    OpenAIRE

    Cote, Paul J.

    2009-01-01

    The fallacies associated with the gauge concept in electromagnetism are illustrated. A clearer and more valid formulation of the basics of classical electromagnetism is provided by recognizing existing physical constraints as well as the physical reality of the vector potential.

  8. Classical Mechanics and Symplectic Integration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordkvist, Nikolaj; Hjorth, Poul G.

    2005-01-01

    Content: Classical mechanics: Calculus of variations, Lagrange’s equations, Symmetries and Noether’s theorem, Hamilton’s equations, cannonical transformations, integrable systems, pertubation theory. Symplectic integration: Numerical integrators, symplectic integrators, main theorem on symplectic...

  9. Fano interference in classical oscillators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We seek to illustrate Fano interference in a classical coupled oscillator by using classical analogues of the atom-laser interaction. We present an analogy between the dressed state picture of coherent atom-laser interaction and a classical coupled oscillator. The Autler-Townes splitting due to the atom-laser interaction is analogous to the splitting of normal-mode frequencies of a coupled oscillator. Using this analogy, we simulate and experimentally demonstrate Fano interference and the associated phenomena in three-level atoms in a coupled electrical resonator circuit. This work aims to highlight analogies between classical and quantum systems for students at the postgraduate and graduate levels. Also, the reported technique can be easily realized in undergraduate laboratories. (paper)

  10. Elementary charges in classical electrodynamics

    OpenAIRE

    KAPU'{S}CIK, Edward

    1999-01-01

    In the framework of classical electrodynamics elementary particles are treated as capacitors. The electrostatic potentials satisfy equations of the Schrödinger type. An interesting "quantization condition" for elementary charges is derived.

  11. Probabilities for classically forbidden transitions using classical and classical path methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Limits are established for the applicability of purely classical methods for calculating nonreactive, inelastic transition probabilities in collinear collisions of a structureless atom and a harmonic oscillator. These limits, obtained by comparison with previous exact quantum mechanical results, indicate that such methods are inappropriate not only for ''classically forbidden'' but for many ''classically allowed'' transitions (in spite of the fact that they are widely used to calculate probabilities for such processes). A classical path method in the context of infinite-order time-dependent perturbation theory is described which yields extremely accurate transition probabilities even for the most classically forbidden transitions in the collinear atom--harmonic oscillator system. The essential features of this method are: (1) the use of the expectation value of the total interaction potential in determining the atom--oscillator (central force) trajectory, and (2) the use of the arithmetic mean of the initial and final velocities of relative motion in the (elastic) central force trajectory. This choice of interaction potential allows the relative motion to be coupled to changes in the internal state of the oscillator. The present classical method is further applied to three-dimensional atom-breathing sphere collisions, and exact quantum mechanical calculations are also carried out. Comparison of the classical path and exact quantum results shows excellent agreement both in the specific inelastic cross section and in the individual partial-wave contributions

  12. Anderson localization from classical trajectories

    OpenAIRE

    Brouwer, Piet W.; Altland, Alexander

    2008-01-01

    We show that Anderson localization in quasi-one dimensional conductors with ballistic electron dynamics, such as an array of ballistic chaotic cavities connected via ballistic contacts, can be understood in terms of classical electron trajectories only. At large length scales, an exponential proliferation of trajectories of nearly identical classical action generates an abundance of interference terms, which eventually leads to a suppression of transport coefficients. We quantitatively descri...

  13. Gaussian Dynamics is Classical Dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Habib, Salman

    2004-01-01

    A direct comparison of quantum and classical dynamical systems can be accomplished through the use of distribution functions. This is useful for both fundamental investigations such as the nature of the quantum-classical transition as well as for applications such as quantum feedback control. By affording a clear separation between kinematical and dynamical quantum effects, the Wigner distribution is particularly valuable in this regard. Here we discuss some consequences of the fact that when...

  14. Quantum systems as classical systems

    OpenAIRE

    Cassa, Antonio

    2001-01-01

    A characteristical property of a classical physical theory is that the observables are real functions taking an exact outcome on every (pure) state; in a quantum theory, at the contrary, a given observable on a given state can take several values with only a predictable probability. However, even in the classical case, when an observer is intrinsically unable to distinguish between some distinct states he can convince himself that the measure of its ''observables'' can have several values in ...

  15. Quantum money with classical verification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We propose and construct a quantum money scheme that allows verification through classical communication with a bank. This is the first demonstration that a secure quantum money scheme exists that does not require quantum communication for coin verification. Our scheme is secure against adaptive adversaries - this property is not directly related to the possibility of classical verification, nevertheless none of the earlier quantum money constructions is known to possess it

  16. Classical theory of radiating strings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Copeland, Edmund J.; Haws, D.; Hindmarsh, M.

    1990-01-01

    The divergent part of the self force of a radiating string coupled to gravity, an antisymmetric tensor and a dilaton in four dimensions are calculated to first order in classical perturbation theory. While this divergence can be absorbed into a renormalization of the string tension, demanding that both it and the divergence in the energy momentum tensor vanish forces the string to have the couplings of compactified N = 1 D = 10 supergravity. In effect, supersymmetry cures the classical infinities.

  17. Quantum money with classical verification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gavinsky, Dmitry [NEC Laboratories America, Princeton, NJ (United States)

    2014-12-04

    We propose and construct a quantum money scheme that allows verification through classical communication with a bank. This is the first demonstration that a secure quantum money scheme exists that does not require quantum communication for coin verification. Our scheme is secure against adaptive adversaries - this property is not directly related to the possibility of classical verification, nevertheless none of the earlier quantum money constructions is known to possess it.

  18. Dique seco de carena. Génova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gai, Luigi

    1965-02-01

    Full Text Available After elaborate planning, the building, towing and sinking of the ship repairing dry dock at Genoa has now been completed. The dock is 260x52x21.5 m in size. Its structure is cellular and it is made of reinforced and prestressed concrete. A special feature of this dock is that it rests on a flexible bed of sand, dredged from the sea bed. To prepare this, the following operations were carried out: mud was first dredged away, the stony outcrops were levelled off, the spaces in between the rocks were filled with concrete, then the layer of sand was placed, and finally a surface of larger aggregate was prepared on top. The method of attaching the dock to the sea bed to ensure its stability is also noteworthy. After much thought, it was decided that once the dock was sunk at its final emplacement, if its cellular compartments were filled with sand ballast, its own weight would ensure its permanent stability in the face of rough seas. The maneuvers for floating the dock, and sinking it, were also complex, since it was essential to take carefully into account the state of the weather. Any storm might have severely damaged the dock's cellular structure. The prefabrication of the caissons, the jointing of them into a large structure, the construction of enclosing walls, the provision of galleries, companionways, and housing facilities inside the dock, and the towing, sinking and ballasting of this large and heavy structure, constitute a series of building and navigational operations of great complexity, which have tested the ability of the firm Fincosit, who specialise in hydraulic projects.Después de profundos estudios se ha terminado recientemente la construcción, remolque y hundimiento del dique seco de carena del puerto de Génova, cuyas dimensiones son: 260x52x21,5 metros. Es de estructura celular, y de hormigón armado y pretensado. La particularidad de la obra estriba en el apoyo de la plataforma sobre un lecho flexible de arena dragada del mar

  19. Tallinna Ülikooli Balti Filmi- ja Meediakooli õppehoone Nova = Tallinn University Baltic Film and Media School "Nova"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Tallinna Ülikooli Balti Filmi- ja Meediakooli õppehoone "Nova" Narva maantee 27, valminud 2012. Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali arhitektuuripreemia 2012 ja Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali sisearhitektuuripreemia 2013. Arhitektid Maarja Kask, Karli Luik, Ralf Lõoke, Pelle-Sten Viiburg (Salto Arhitektid). Sisearhitektid Ville Lausmäe, Kadi Karmann (VLS). Mööbel Ville Lausmäe, Tõnis Kalve. Konstruktor Jaanus Natka (EA Reng)

  20. Does classical liberalism imply democracy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Ellerman

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available There is a fault line running through classical liberalism as to whether or not democratic self-governance is a necessary part of a liberal social order. The democratic and non-democratic strains of classical liberalism are both present today—particularly in the United States. Many contemporary libertarians and neo-Austrian economists represent the non-democratic strain in their promotion of non-democratic sovereign city-states (start-up cities or charter cities. We will take the late James M. Buchanan as a representative of the democratic strain of classical liberalism. Since the fundamental norm of classical liberalism is consent, we must start with the intellectual history of the voluntary slavery contract, the coverture marriage contract, and the voluntary non-democratic constitution (or pactum subjectionis. Next we recover the theory of inalienable rights that descends from the Reformation doctrine of the inalienability of conscience through the Enlightenment (e.g. Spinoza and Hutcheson in the abolitionist and democratic movements. Consent-based governments divide into those based on the subjects’ alienation of power to a sovereign and those based on the citizens’ delegation of power to representatives. Inalienable rights theory rules out that alienation in favor of delegation, so the citizens remain the ultimate principals and the form of government is democratic. Thus the argument concludes in agreement with Buchanan that the classical liberal endorsement of sovereign individuals acting in the marketplace generalizes to the joint action of individuals as the principals in their own organizations.

  1. No Return to Classical Reality

    CERN Document Server

    Jennings, David

    2015-01-01

    At a fundamental level, the classical picture of the world is dead, and has been dead now for almost a century. Pinning down exactly which quantum phenomena are responsible for this has proved to be a tricky and controversial question, but a lot of progress has been made in the past few decades. We now have a range of precise statements showing that whatever the ultimate laws of Nature are, they cannot be classical. In this article, we review results on the fundamental phenomena of quantum theory that cannot be understood in classical terms. We proceed by first granting quite a broad notion of classicality, describe a range of quantum phenomena (such as randomness, discreteness, the indistinguishability of states, measurement-uncertainty, measurement-disturbance, complementarity, noncommutativity, interference, the no-cloning theorem, and the collapse of the wave-packet) that do fall under its liberal scope, and then finally describe some aspects of quantum physics that can never admit a classical understandi...

  2. Stellar Origins of Extremely $^{\\text{13}}C$- and $^{15}N$-enriched Presolar SiC Grains: Novae or Supernovae?

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Nan; Alexander, Conel M O'D; Wang, Jianhuan; Pignatari, Marco; Jose, Jordi; Nguyen, Ann

    2016-01-01

    Extreme excesses of $^{13}C$ ($^{12}C$/$^{13}C$<10) and $^{15}N$ ($^{14}N$/$^{15}N$<20) in rare presolar SiC grains have been considered diagnostic of an origin in classical novae, though an origin in core collapse supernovae (CCSNe) has also been proposed. We report C, N, and Si isotope data for 14 submicron- to micron-sized $^{13}C$- and $^{15}N$-enriched presolar SiC grains ($^{12}C$/$^{13}C$<16 and $^{14}N$/$^{15}N$<~100) from Murchison, and their correlated Mg-Al, S, and Ca-Ti isotope data when available. These grains are enriched in $^{13}C$ and $^{15}N$, but with quite diverse Si isotopic signatures. Four grains with $^{29,30}Si$ excesses similar to those of type C SiC grains likely came from CCSNe, which experienced explosive H burning occurred during explosions. The independent coexistence of proton- and neutron-capture isotopic signatures in these grains strongly supports heterogeneous H ingestion into the He shell in pre-supernovae. Two of the seven putative nova grains with $^{30}Si$ e...

  3. Classical isodual theory of antimatter

    CERN Document Server

    Santilli, R M

    1997-01-01

    An inspection of the contemporary physics literature reveals that, while matter is treated at all levels of study, from Newtonian mechanics to quantum field theory, antimatter is solely treated at the level of second quantization. For the purpose of initiating the restoration of full equivalence in the treatments of matter and antimatter in due time, in this paper we present a classical representation of antimatter which begins at the primitive Newtonian level with expected images at all subsequent levels. By recalling that charge conjugation of particles into antiparticles is anti-automorphic, the proposed theory of antimatter is based on a new map, called isoduality, which is also anti-automorphic, yet it is applicable beginning at the classical level and then persists at the quantum level. As part of our study, we present novel anti-isomorphic isodual images of the Galilean, special and general relativities and show the compatibility of their representation of antimatter with all available classical experi...

  4. Casimir Effect The Classical Limit

    CERN Document Server

    Feinberg, J; Revzen, M

    2001-01-01

    We analyze the high temperature limit of the Casimir effect. A simple physical argument suggests that the Casimir energy (as opposed to the Casimir free energy) should vanish in the classical limit. We check the validity of this argument for massless scalar field confined in a cavity with boundaries of arbitrary shape, using path integral formalism. We are able to verify this suggestion only when the boundaries consist of disjoint pieces. Moreover, we find in these cases that the contribution to the Casimir entropy by field modes that depend on that separation, tends, in the classical limit, to a finite asymptotic value which depends only on the geometry of the cavity. Thus the Casimir force between disjoint pieces of the boundary in the classical limit is entropy driven and is governed by a dimensionless number characterizing the arbitrary geometry of the cavity. Contributions to the Casimir thermodynamical quantities due to each individual connected component of the boundary exhibit logarithmic deviations i...

  5. Population in the classic economics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adnan Doğruyol

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Growth subject in economics is an important factor of development. Classic economics ecole indicates the population as main variable which tender of growth. On the other hand T. R. Malthus is known as economist who regards population as a problem and brings up it among the classical economists. However, Adam Smith is an intellectual who discussed population problem earlier on the classic economics theory. According to Adam Smith one of the main factors that realise the growth is labour. In addition to population made it established. The aim of this study is analyzing the mental relationship between Malthus whose name has been identified with relation between population-growth and Smith who discussed this subject first time but put it off on process of theorisation.

  6. Comparing classical and quantum equilibration

    CERN Document Server

    Malabarba, Artur S L; Short, Anthony J

    2016-01-01

    By using a physically-relevant and theory independent definition of measurement-based equilibration, we show quantitatively that equilibration is easier for quantum systems than for classical systems, in the situation where the initial state of the system is completely known (pure state). This shows that quantum equilibration is a fundamental, nigh unavoidable, aspect of physical systems, while classical equilibration relies on experimental ignorance. When the state is not completely known, a mixed state, this framework also shows quantum equilibration requires weaker conditions.

  7. Classical planning and causal implicatures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blackburn, Patrick Rowan; Benotti, Luciana

    In this paper we motivate and describe a dialogue manager (called Frolog) which uses classical planning to infer causal implicatures. A causal implicature is a type of Gricean relation implicature, a highly context dependent form of inference. As we shall see, causal implicatures are important for...... generate clarification requests"; as a result we can model task-oriented dialogue as an interactive process locally structured by negotiation of the underlying task. We give several examples of Frolog-human dialog, discuss the limitations imposed by the classical planning paradigm, and indicate the...

  8. Classical analogy of Fano resonances

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present an analogy of Fano resonances in quantum interference to classical resonances in the harmonic oscillator system. It has a manifestation as a coupled behaviour of two effective oscillators associated with propagating and evanescent waves. We illustrate this point by considering a classical system of two coupled oscillators and interfering electron waves in a quasi-one-dimensional narrow constriction with a quantum dot. Our approach provides a novel insight into Fano resonance physics and provides a helpful view in teaching Fano resonances

  9. Principal bundles the classical case

    CERN Document Server

    Sontz, Stephen Bruce

    2015-01-01

    This introductory graduate level text provides a relatively quick path to a special topic in classical differential geometry: principal bundles.  While the topic of principal bundles in differential geometry has become classic, even standard, material in the modern graduate mathematics curriculum, the unique approach taken in this text presents the material in a way that is intuitive for both students of mathematics and of physics. The goal of this book is to present important, modern geometric ideas in a form readily accessible to students and researchers in both the physics and mathematics communities, providing each with an understanding and appreciation of the language and ideas of the other.

  10. Stillborn: Regulated midwifery in Nova Scotia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brett Taylor

    2012-10-01

    " SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Emphasis" /> The purpose of this paper is to investigate why midwifery policy has failed in Nova Scotia while it has succeeded elsewhere. The primary focus will be to analyse the Nova Scotia policy and its implementation through Paul Sabatier and Daniel Mazmanian’s framework for policy implementation analysis. This examination will make clear that the failure of Nova Scotia’s midwifery policy is due to its poor implementation, and in particular, the statutory factors that affect implementation.

  11. Statistical analysis of properties of dwarf novae outbursts

    CERN Document Server

    Otulakowska-Hypka, Magdalena; Patterson, Joseph

    2016-01-01

    We present a statistical study of all measurable photometric features of a large sample of dwarf novae during their outbursts and superoutbursts. We used all accessible photometric data for all our objects to make the study as complete and up-to-date as possible. Our aim was to check correlations between these photometric features in order to constrain theoretical models which try to explain the nature of dwarf novae outbursts. We managed to confirm a few of the known correlations, that is the Stolz and Schoembs Relation, the Bailey Relation for long outbursts above the period gap, the relations between the cycle and supercycle lengths, amplitudes of normal and superoutbursts, amplitude and duration of superoutbursts, outburst duration and orbital period, outburst duration and mass ratio for short and normal outbursts, as well as the relation between the rise and decline rates of superoutbursts. However, we question the existence of the Kukarkin-Parenago Relation but we found an analogous relation for superou...

  12. VERITAS OBSERVATIONS OF THE NOVA IN V407 CYGNI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aliu, E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Barnard College, Columbia University, NY 10027 (United States); Archambault, S. [Physics Department, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada); Arlen, T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Aune, T.; Bouvier, A. [Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics and Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Beilicke, M.; Buckley, J. H.; Bugaev, V.; Dickherber, R. [Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States); Benbow, W. [Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Amado, AZ 85645 (United States); Bradbury, S. M. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Byrum, K. [Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Cannon, A.; Collins-Hughes, E. [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Cesarini, A.; Connolly, M. P. [School of Physics, National University of Ireland Galway, University Road, Galway (Ireland); Ciupik, L. [Astronomy Department, Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago, IL 60605 (United States); Cui, W. [Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States); Decerprit, G. [DESY, Platanenallee 6, 15738 Zeuthen (Germany); Duke, C., E-mail: daniel-d-gall@uiowa.edu, E-mail: kazuma-tsurusaki@uiowa.edu [Department of Physics, Grinnell College, Grinnell, IA 50112-1690 (United States); and others

    2012-07-20

    We report on very high energy (E > 100 GeV) gamma-ray observations of V407 Cygni, a symbiotic binary that underwent a nova outburst producing 0.1-10 GeV gamma rays during 2010 March 10-26. Observations were made with the Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System during 2010 March 19-26 at relatively large zenith angles due to the position of V407 Cyg. An improved reconstruction technique for large zenith angle observations is presented and used to analyze the data. We do not detect V407 Cygni and place a differential upper limit on the flux at 1.6 TeV of 2.3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -12} erg cm{sup -2} s{sup -1} (at the 95% confidence level). When considered jointly with data from Fermi-LAT, this result places limits on the acceleration of very high energy particles in the nova.

  13. Calculando com Galileu: os desafios da ciência nova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Célia M. Moraes

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo descreve alguns dos principais aspectos da revolução científica do século XVI e o papel nela desempenhado por Galileu. Indica os acontecimentos históricos que marcaram o período, com ênfase nas circunstâncias que ensejaram o surgimento de uma nova atitude de homens e mulheres diante da natureza, que passa a ser representada como alteridade frente ao humano, uma alteridade representada como objeto, como coisa cognoscível. O texto apresenta, ainda, as teorizações oferecidas por Koyré com vistas a caracterizar a nova ciência. Finalmente,convida os leitores e leitoras a calcularem com Galileu, apresentando exemplos inspirados nas descobertas do cientista italiano.

  14. SISTEM APPRAISAL PADA TEKS IKLAN KOMERSIAL DI TABLOID NOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunita Nugraheni

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This research is aimed to identify the appraisal properties in the text of commercial advertisement in Nova tabloid. There are 17 texts of commercial advertisement as the samples of data of research, which were obtained by purposive sampling method. Those texts have been analysed by appraisal system theory stated by White (1998. The appraisal system focuses on the assessment and evaluation of attitude (affect, judgment and appreciation, amplifying attitude and the source of attitude (graduation. The result showed that the positive appreciation dominates the assessment of attitude on the commercial advertisement texts. The manufacturers gave the positive attitude to the product and service being advertised in Nova tabloid because they want to persuade and suggest that the consumers buy and use their products.   Keywords    :    Appraisal, affect, judgment, appreciation, amplification, graduation.

  15. Did you know? Petroleum industry fast facts: Nova Scotia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is part of a series of brochures published by the Petroleum Communication Foundation, a non-profit society established in 1975. The foundation's objective is to stimulate public awareness and understanding of Canada's petroleum industry and its contribution to the economy of each of the provinces where the industry's presence and impact is substantial. This brochure provides brief, but useful, information about the province of Nova Scotia, including size (55,490 sq.km), capital (Halifax), population (934,.587 in 1998) major industries (petroleum and mining, fishing, trade, agriculture, pulp and paper, transportation), revenue from natural resources ($ 15 million in 1998/1999, primarily from exploration leases offshore and onshore), some facts about the petroleum industry in Nova Scotia, (exploration in the offshore Sable Island region, production beginning in 1999, employment, etc.), and upstream industry expenditures (about $ 1.12 billion in 1998, up from $ 169.5 million in 1997). map, pie-chart, figs

  16. Summary of control and data acquisition systems for Nova experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nova Laser has completed its first year of operation. During this period, emphasis has been placed on activation of the facility and of the numerous target and beam diagnostics. Two separate target chambers are in use. Nova operation is separated into two broad functions: Laser Operations and Experiments. The Operations Group provides the laser system control, operation and data acquisition and the Experiments Group provides experiment definition, diagnostic instrumentation and overall data processing. On the Operations side, VAX 11/780 computers are used to set up diagnostic operating parameters and collect data recorded by the CAMAC and CCD modules. These data are delivered in files by electronic link to the Laser Experiments and Analysis Facility (LEAF) VAX 11/785 of the Experiments Group for processing. Film data are digitized at LEAF and the film data files are also processed on the LEAF VAX

  17. Proceedings of Nova Scotia's 2006 energy research and development forum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nova Scotia 2006 energy research and development forum provided a venue for experts from industry, research institutions and government to discuss how research and development will shape the future of energy in the province. The forum was divided into 3 sessions: (1) building knowledge about the marine environment, (2) building knowledge about geoscience, and (3) building knowledge about sustainable energy. A wide ranges of issues related to the Nova Scotia region included whale identification; fisheries mapping; the commercialization of hydrocarbon discoveries; carbon capture and storage and petroleum system analysis and prospect evaluation. Keynote addresses were presented on produced water in Norway; deepwater exploration in Morocco; renewable energy and Canada's role as an energy superpower. The conference featured more than 57 presentations, of which 4 have been catalogued separately for inclusion in this database. refs., tabs., figs

  18. Advanced neutron diagnostics for the Nova laser facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Implosion experiments performed on Nova are expected to produce an increased yield of thermonuclear neutrons compared with that of earlier ICF experiments. This yield will make feasible a number of neutron-based measurements heretofore not possible. Laser fusion neutron diagnostics can be divided into two categories: invasive and noninvasive. Invasive techniques require the placement of a tracer material in an interesting region of the target to be activated by the thermonuclear neutrons. Noninvasive techniques involve the energy, spatial, or temporal analysis of the neutrons emitted from the target. After examining a host of diagnostic options from both categories for Nova, the authors decided to pursue both techniques. Ideas for some diagnostic systems are described

  19. Modal testing and analysis of Nova laser structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    NOVA, currently the world's most powerful laser system, is an ongoing project at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California. The project seeks to develop a feasible method of achieving controlled fusion reaction, initiated by multiple laser beams targeted on a tiny fuel pellet. The NOVA system consists of several large steel framed structures, the largest of which is the Target Chamber Tower. In conjunction with design engineers, the tower was first modelled and analysed by sophisticated finite element techniques. A modal test was then conducted on the tower structure to evaluate its vibrational characteristics and seismic integrity as well as for general comparison to the finite element results. This paper discusses the procedure used in the experimental modal analysis and the results obtained from that test

  20. Message Correlation Analysis Tool for NOvA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A complex running system, such as the NOvA online data acquisition, consists of a large number of distributed but closely interacting components. This paper describes a generic real-time correlation analysis and event identification engine, named Message Analyzer. Its purpose is to capture run time abnormalities and recognize system failures based on log messages from participating components. The initial design of analysis engine is driven by the data acquisition (DAQ) of the NOvA experiment. The Message Analyzer performs filtering and pattern recognition on the log messages and reacts to system failures identified by associated triggering rules. The tool helps the system maintain a healthy running state and to minimize data corruption. This paper also describes a domain specific language that allows the recognition patterns and correlation rules to be specified in a clear and flexible way. In addition, the engine provides a plugin mechanism for users to implement specialized patterns or rules in generic languages such as C++.

  1. Message Correlation Analysis Tool for NOvA

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2012-01-01

    A complex running system, such as the NOvA online data acquisition, consists of a large number of distributed but closely interacting components. This paper describes a generic realtime correlation analysis and event identification engine, named Message Analyzer. Its purpose is to capture run time abnormalities and recognize system failures based on log messages from participating components. The initial design of analysis engine is driven by the DAQ of the NOvA experiment. The Message Analyzer performs filtering and pattern recognition on the log messages and reacts to system failures identified by associated triggering rules. The tool helps the system maintain a healthy running state and to minimize data corruption. This paper also describes a domain specific language that allows the recognition patterns and correlation rules to be specified in a clear and flexible way. In addition, the engine provides a plugin mechanism for users to implement specialized patterns or rules in generic languages such as C++.

  2. Photoionization modelling of metal-enriched nova shells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A photoionization model has been developed to investigate the physical conditions in old nova shells with large metal abundances. Atomic rates at low temperatures are included in the model so that the evolution of shells can be traced from their hot, early stages to their later cool phases. X-ray processes are also included. A situation in which a region of lowest temperature but highest ionization can exist at the inner edge of a nebula is demonstrated. A non-uniform density distribution is compared with a uniform density and the observational consequences discussed. The shell of the old nova, CVP Pup, is analysed in detail and its evolution during its constant-luminosity phase traced. (author)

  3. A search for novae in M 31 globular clusters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    By combining a local sky-fitting algorithm with a Fourier point-spread-function matching technique, nova outbursts have been searched for inside 54 of the globular clusters contained on the Ciardullo et al. (1987 and 1990) H-alpha survey frames of M 31. Over a mean effective survey time of about 2.0 years, no cluster exhibited a magnitude increase indicative of a nova explosion. If the cataclysmic variables (CVs) contained within globular clusters are similar to those found in the field, then these data imply that the overdensity of CVs within globulars is at least several times less than that of the high-luminosity X-ray sources. If tidal capture is responsible for the high density of hard binaries within globulars, then the probability of capturing condensed objects inside globular clusters may depend strongly on the mass of the remnant. 40 refs

  4. A search for novae in M 31 globular clusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciardullo, Robin; Tamblyn, Peter; Phillips, A. C.

    1990-10-01

    By combining a local sky-fitting algorithm with a Fourier point-spread-function matching technique, nova outbursts have been searched for inside 54 of the globular clusters contained on the Ciardullo et al. (1987 and 1990) H-alpha survey frames of M 31. Over a mean effective survey time of about 2.0 years, no cluster exhibited a magnitude increase indicative of a nova explosion. If the cataclysmic variables (CVs) contained within globular clusters are similar to those found in the field, then these data imply that the overdensity of CVs within globulars is at least several times less than that of the high-luminosity X-ray sources. If tidal capture is responsible for the high density of hard binaries within globulars, then the probability of capturing condensed objects inside globular clusters may depend strongly on the mass of the remnant.

  5. Psicologia Positiva: uma nova abordagem para antigas questões

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone dos Santos Paludo

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Historicamente, a Psicologia preocupou-se em investigar patologias, negligenciado os aspectos saudáveis dos seres humanos. Mas, a partir de 1998, assumindo a presidência da American Psychological Association, Seligman iniciou movimento denominado Psicologia Positiva, que visa oferecer nova abordagem às potencialidades e virtudes humanas, estudando as condições e processos que contribuem para a prosperidade dos indivíduos e comunidades. Este artigo apresenta e discute essa nova proposta científica, que promete melhorar a qualidade de vida dos indivíduos e prevenir patologias; também as lacunas existentes nas investigações em Ciências Humanas, as contribuições teóricas e empíricas e as possíveis aplicações desse conhecimento.

  6. Three new optical nova candidates in M 31

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pietsch, W.; Henze, M.; Burwitz, V.; Kaur, A.; Hartmann, D. H.; Williams, G.; Milne, P.

    2011-06-01

    We report the discovery of three nova candidates in M 31 on 7x60s stacked R filter CCD images obtained with the robotic 60cm telescope with an E2V CCD (2kx2k, 13.5 micron sq. pixels) of the Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System (Super-LOTIS, located at Steward Observatory, Kitt Peak, Arizona, USA) on 2011 June 7.418 UT. The objects are visible on all individual images.

  7. SISTEM APPRAISAL PADA TEKS IKLAN KOMERSIAL DI TABLOID NOVA

    OpenAIRE

    Yunita Nugraheni

    2011-01-01

    This research is aimed to identify the appraisal properties in the text of commercial advertisement in Nova tabloid. There are 17 texts of commercial advertisement as the samples of data of research, which were obtained by purposive sampling method. Those texts have been analysed by appraisal system theory stated by White (1998). The appraisal system focuses on the assessment and evaluation of attitude (affect, judgment and appreciation), amplifying attitude and the source of attitude (gradua...

  8. Optical and ultraviolet observations of Nova Vul 1987

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a brief summary of the outburst for a nova that was discovered in November 1987 and has been followed since that time. Although we were able to observe it with the IUE at maximum, its ultraviolet energy faded rapidly and after the first two weeks we were no longer able to observe it at IUE wavelengths. It was observed to form a thick dust shell and currently is in the nebular stage

  9. CLASSIC APPROACH TO BUSINESS COACHING

    OpenAIRE

    Żukowska, Joanna

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present business coaching in a classical way. An overview of coaching definitions will be provided. Attention will be drawn to coaching components and varieties. Moreover, a brief description of coach competences and tools supporting their work will be offered. Joanna Żukowska

  10. Identity from classical invariant theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A simple derivation is given of a well-known relation involving the so-called Cayley Operator of classical invariant theory. The proof is induction-free and independent of Capelli's identity; it makes use only of a known-theorem in the theory of determinants and some elementary combinatorics

  11. On classical and quantum liftings

    OpenAIRE

    Accardi, L.; Chruściński, Dariusz; Kossakowski, Andrzej; Matsuoka, T.; Ohya, Masanori

    2011-01-01

    We analyze the procedure of lifting in classical stochastic and quantum systems. It enables one to `lift' a state of a system into a state of `system+reservoir'. This procedure is important both in quantum information theory and the theory of open systems. We illustrate the general theory of liftings by a particular class related to so called circulant states.

  12. Classical Virasoro irregular conformal block

    CERN Document Server

    Rim, Chaiho

    2015-01-01

    Virasoro irregular conformal block with arbitrary rank is obtained for the classical limit or equivalently Nekrasov-Shatashvili limit using the beta-deformed irregular matrix model (Penner-type matrix model for the irregular conformal block). The same result is derived using the generalized Mathieu equation which is equivalent to the loop equation of the irregular matrix model.

  13. Teaching Classical Mechanics Using Smartphones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chevrier, Joel; Madani, Laya; Ledenmat, Simon; Bsiesy, Ahmad

    2013-01-01

    A number of articles published in this column have dealt with topics in classical mechanics. This note describes some additional examples employing a smartphone and the new software iMecaProf. Steve Jobs presented the iPhone as "perfect for gaming." Thanks to its microsensors connected in real time to the numerical world, physics…

  14. Classical Music as Enforced Utopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leech-Wilkinson, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    In classical music composition, whatever thematic or harmonic conflicts may be engineered along the way, everything always turns out for the best. Similar utopian thinking underlies performance: performers see their job as faithfully carrying out their master's (the composer's) wishes. The more perfectly they represent them, the happier the…

  15. Measurement-Based Classical Computation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoban, Matty J.; Wallman, Joel J.; Anwar, Hussain; Usher, Naïri; Raussendorf, Robert; Browne, Dan E.

    2014-04-01

    Measurement-based quantum computation (MBQC) is a model of quantum computation, in which computation proceeds via adaptive single qubit measurements on a multiqubit quantum state. It is computationally equivalent to the circuit model. Unlike the circuit model, however, its classical analog is little studied. Here we present a classical analog of MBQC whose computational complexity presents a rich structure. To do so, we identify uniform families of quantum computations [refining the circuits introduced by Bremner et al. Proc. R. Soc. A 467, 459 (2010)] whose output is likely hard to exactly simulate (sample) classically. We demonstrate that these circuit families can be efficiently implemented in the MBQC model without adaptive measurement and, thus, can be achieved in a classical analog of MBQC whose resource state is a probability distribution which has been created quantum mechanically. Such states (by definition) violate no Bell inequality, but, if widely held beliefs about computational complexity are true, they, nevertheless, exhibit nonclassicality when used as a computational resource—an imprint of their quantum origin.

  16. Invariants in Supersymmetric Classical Mechanics

    OpenAIRE

    Alonso Izquierdo, Alberto; González León, Miguel Ángel; Mateos Guilarte, Juan

    2000-01-01

    [EN] The bosonic second invariant of SuperLiouville models in supersymmetric classical mechanics is described. [ES] El segundo campo cuántico de bosones invariante del modelo SuperLiouville es descrito en la mecanica clasica supersimétrica.

  17. Quantum Proofs for Classical Theorems

    OpenAIRE

    Drucker, A.; Wolf,

    2009-01-01

    Alongside the development of quantum algorithms and quantum complexity theory in recent years, quantum techniques have also proved instrumental in obtaining results in classical (non-quantum) areas. In this paper we survey these results and the quantum toolbox they use.

  18. Functional Techniques in Classical Mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Gozzi, E

    2001-01-01

    In 1931 Koopman and von Neumann extended previous work of Liouville and provided an operatorial version of Classical Mechanics (CM). In this talk we will review a path-integral formulation of this operatorial version of CM. In particular we will study the geometrical nature of the many auxiliary variables present and of the unexpected universal symmetries generated by the functional technique.

  19. Agglomeration Economies in Classical Music

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borowiecki, Karol Jan

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates agglomeration effects for classical music production in a wide range of cities for a global sample of composers born between 1750 and 1899. Theory suggests a trade-off between agglomeration economies (peer effects) and diseconomies (peer crowding). I test this hypothesis...

  20. Neo-classical impurity transport

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The neo-classical theory for impurity transport in a toroidal plasma is outlined, and the results discussed. A general account is given of the impurity behaviour and its dependence on collisionality. The underlying physics is described with special attention to the role of the poloidal rotation

  1. On Classical and Quantum Cryptography

    OpenAIRE

    I. V. Volovich; Volovich, Ya. I.

    2001-01-01

    Lectures on classical and quantum cryptography. Contents: Private key cryptosystems. Elements of number theory. Public key cryptography and RSA cryptosystem. Shannon`s entropy and mutual information. Entropic uncertainty relations. The no cloning theorem. The BB84 quantum cryptographic protocol. Security proofs. Bell`s theorem. The EPRBE quantum cryptographic protocol.

  2. Supersymmetric classical mechanics: free case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a review work on Supersymmetric Classical Mechanics in the context of a Lagrangian formalism, with N = 1-supersymmetry. We show that the N = 1 supersymmetry does not allow the introduction of a potencial energy term depending on a single commuting supercoordinate, φ(t;Θ). (author)

  3. IUE Archival Observations of the Old Nova V841

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engle, S.; Sion, E. M.

    2002-12-01

    We have carried out a synthetic spectral analysis of archival IUE of the old nova V841 Oph Lacertae (Nova Oph 1848). The spectrum, obtained with the E140M disperser, reveals a rising continuum shortward of 1560 A, a C IV P-Cygni profile indicative of wind outflow associated with disk accretion, a deep Ly alpha profile, and strong N V (1238 A, 1242 A) and O V (1371 A) wind/coronal absorption lines. Numerous sharp interstellar resonance lines are also present. A grid of accretion disk models, spanning a wide range of inclinations, accretion rates and white dwarf masses, is compared to sets of de-reddened data. High gravity model atmospheres and white dwarf atmsopheres combined with disks are also fit to the data. From the best composite disk plus photosphere model fits, we present the most likely parameters characterizing the far-UV spectrum of V841 Oph. Our results are compared to a very similar old nova, DI Lac (Moyer et al. 2002, AJ in press).

  4. Searching for magnetar powered merger-novae from short GRBs

    CERN Document Server

    Gao, He; Lü, Hou-Jun; Li, Ye

    2016-01-01

    The merger of a double neutron star (NS-NS) binary may result in a rapidly rotating massive NS with an extremely strong magnetic field (i.e., a millisecond magnetar). In this case, the magnetic spin-down of the NS remnant provides an additional source of sustained energy injection, which would continuously power the merger ejecta. The thermal emission from the merger ejecta would give rise to a bright optical "magnetar-powered merger-nova". In this work, we carry out a complete search for magnetar-powered merger-nova from \\emph{Swift} short gamma-ray burst (SGRB) sample. We focus on short GRBs with extended emission or internal plateau, which may signify the presence of magnetars as the central engine. We eventually find three candidates of "magnetar-powered merger-nova" from the late observations of GRB 050724, GRB 070714B and GRB 061006. With standard parameter values, the magentar remnant scenario could well interpret the multi-band data of all three bursts, including the extended emission and their late c...

  5. LABORATORY ANALYSIS OF PRESOLAR SILICATE STARDUST FROM A NOVA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report the major element as well as the oxygen, magnesium, and silicon isotope composition of a unique presolar silicate grain found in the fine-grained fraction of the Antarctic CR2 chondrite Graves Nunataks 95229. The grain is characterized by an extremely high 17O/16O ratio (6.3 ± 0.2 × 10–3) relative to solar values, whereas its 18O/16O ratio is solar within measurement uncertainty. It also shows enrichments in 25,26Mg and a significant excess in 30Si relative to solar system compositions, with δ25Mg = 79 ± 21 per mille , δ26Mg = 70 ± 20 per mille , and δ30Si = 379 ± 92 per mille . This isotopic composition is consistent with an origin in the ejecta of a ∼1.3-1.4 M☉ ONe nova with large contributions of material from a main-sequence companion star of roughly solar metallicity. However, many details of the stellar source remain undetermined, owing to the uncertainties of current nova nucleosynthesis models. Auger electron spectroscopic analyses identify O, Mg, Si, and Fe as the grain's major constituents. Its (Mg+Fe)/Si atomic ratios are lower than that of olivine and correspond on average to Fe-Mg-pyroxene. A complex texture and heterogeneous major element distribution within the grain attest to condensation under non-equilibrium conditions, which is consistent with the proposed nova origin.

  6. Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopy of Old Novae I. V603 Aquila

    CERN Document Server

    Sion, Edward M; Bisol, Alexandra

    2015-01-01

    We present the results of a synthetic spectral analysis of the far ultraviolet archival IUE, HST and FUSE observations of the fast old nova V603 Aql, obtained some 90 years after its 1918 nova outburst. Our analysis utilizes the new Hubble FGS parallax distance for this nearly face-on old nova, a high white dwarf mass and a low reddening. Our analysis includes non-truncated optically thick accretion disks since V603 Aql is neither a polar nor an intermediate polar. Our synthetic spectral modeling of the FUSE and HST spectra analyzed separately indicate a mass transfer rate of 1.5-2.2xe-9 solar mass per year for the FUSE and HST spectra respectively, assuming a WD mass of 1.2Msun. The mass accretion rate also depends on the assumed WD mass, and increases by a factor of two for a WD mass of 0.8Msun. Combining the FUSE and HST spectra together lead to the same results. Potential implications are discussed.

  7. Multi-wavelength observations of novae in outburst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This review serves as the introduction to the observational studies of novae and I will mention a number of results that will be emphasized by other reviewers. Therefore, I will try to provide the physical framework for multi-wavelength observations as applied to studies of novae. I divide the outburst into phases based on the physical effects that are occurring at that time. The first phase is the rise to bolometric maximum and occurs on a convective time scale. The second phase is the rise to visual maximum and occurs on the time scale for the envelope to expand to ∼1012cm. The third phase is the time when the nova is emitting at constant bolometric luminosity, but declining optical magnitude, and it lasts until most of the accreted material has been either exhausted or eroded from the surface of the white dwarf. The fourth and final phase is the return is the return to quiescence (turn-off phase) and it occurs at the time that nuclear burning is ending. I will discuss each of these phases in turn and end with a discussion. 36 refs

  8. Novae as Tevatrons: Prospects for CTA and IceCube

    CERN Document Server

    Metzger, Brian D; Vurm, Indrek; Beloborodov, Andrei; Bartos, Imre; Vlasov, Andrey

    2015-01-01

    The discovery of novae as sources of ~GeV gamma-rays highlights the key role of shocks and relativistic particle acceleration in these transient systems. Although there is evidence for a spectral cut-off above energies ~1-100 GeV at particular epochs in some novae, the maximum particle energy achieved in these accelerators has remained an open question. The high densities of the nova ejecta (~10 orders of magnitude larger than in supernova remnants) render the gas far upstream of the shock neutral and shielded from ionizing radiation. The amplification of the magnetic field needed for diffusive shock acceleration requires ionized gas, thus confining the acceleration process to a narrow photo-ionized layer immediately ahead of the shock. Based on the growth rate in this layer of the hybrid non-resonant cosmic ray current-driven instability (considering also ion-neutral damping), we quantify the maximum particle energy, Emax, across the range of shock velocities and upstream densities of interest. We find value...

  9. Confirmation of a recent optical nova candidate in M 31 and H- alpha identification of seven M 31 novae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henze, M.; Pietsch, W.; Burwitz, V.; Updike, A.; Hartmann, D. H.; Milne, P.; Williams, G.

    2008-07-01

    We report the confirmation of a nova candidate in M 31 recently reported to us by K. Hornoch. We detected this object with an R magnitude of 18.7 in a 12x60s stacked R filter CCD image obtained on 2008 June 30.43 with the robotic 60cm telescope with an E2V CCD (2kx2k) of the Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System (Super-LOTIS, located at Steward Observatory, Kitt Peak, Arizona, USA). The position of the nova candidate is RA = 00h43m08.30s, Dec = +41d18'38.0" (J2000, accuracy of 0.3"), which is 4'30" east and 2'29" north of the core of M 31.

  10. Novae in External Galaxies: M51, M87, and M101

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shafter, A. W.; Ciardullo, R.; Pritchet, C. J.

    2000-02-01

    As part of a program to determine the stellar population of novae, we have conducted a multiepoch Hα survey of the galaxies M51, M87, and M101. A total of nine and 12 novae were detected in the spiral galaxies M51 and M101, respectively, during four epochs of observation, and two epochs of observation yielded a total of nine novae in the giant elliptical galaxy M87. After correcting for the effective survey time and for the fraction of luminosity sampled, we find global nova rates of 18+/-7, 91+/-34, and 12+/-4 novae per year for M51, M87, and M101, respectively. After normalizing to the total K-band luminosity of each galaxy, we estimate luminosity-specific nova rates for M51, M87, and M101 of 1.09+/-0.47, 2.30+/-0.99, and 0.97+/-0.38 novae per year per 1010 solar luminosities in K. When we compare these data with measured values for the luminosity-specific nova rates of other galaxies, we find no compelling evidence for a significant variation with Hubble type. Possible ramifications of this result are discussed within the context of current theoretical models for nova production in galaxies.

  11. Teaching Classical Mechanics using Smartphones

    CERN Document Server

    Chevrier, Joel; Ledenmat, Simon; Bsiesy, Ahmad

    2012-01-01

    Using a personal computer and a smartphone, iMecaProf is a software that provides a complete teaching environment for practicals associated to a Classical Mechanics course. iMecaProf proposes a visual, real time and interactive representation of data transmitted by a smartphone using the formalism of Classical Mechanics. Using smartphones is more than using a set of sensors. iMecaProf shows students that important concepts of physics they here learn, are necessary to control daily life smartphone operations. This is practical introduction to mechanical microsensors that are nowadays a key technology in advanced trajectory control. First version of iMecaProf can be freely downloaded. It will be tested this academic year in Universit\\'e Joseph Fourier (Grenoble, France)

  12. Classical databases and knowledge organization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjørland, Birger

    2015-01-01

    ) in the design and use of classical databases. An underlying issue is the kind of retrieval system for which one should aim. Warner’s (2010) differentiation between the computer science traditions and an older library-oriented tradition seems important; the former aim to transform queries......This paper considers classical bibliographic databases based on the Boolean retrieval model (such as MEDLINE and PsycInfo). This model is challenged by modern search engines and information retrieval (IR) researchers, who often consider Boolean retrieval a less efficient approach. The paper...... examines this claim and argues for the continued value of Boolean systems, which suggests two further considerations: (1) the important role of human expertise in searching (expert searchers and “information literate” users) and (2) the role of library and information science and knowledge organization (KO...

  13. Classical Concepts in Quantum Programming

    CERN Document Server

    Oemer, B

    2002-01-01

    The rapid progress of computer technology has been accompanied by a corresponding evolution of software development, from hardwired components and binary machine code to high level programming languages, which allowed to master the increasing hardware complexity and fully exploit its potential. This paper investigates, how classical concepts like hardware abstraction, hierarchical programs, data types, memory management, flow of control and structured programming can be used in quantum computing. The experimental language QCL will be introduced as an example, how elements like irreversible functions, local variables and conditional branching, which have no direct quantum counterparts, can be implemented, and how non-classical features like the reversibility of unitary transformation or the non-observability of quantum states can be accounted for within the framework of a procedural programming language.

  14. Classical theory of algebraic numbers

    CERN Document Server

    Ribenboim, Paulo

    2001-01-01

    Gauss created the theory of binary quadratic forms in "Disquisitiones Arithmeticae" and Kummer invented ideals and the theory of cyclotomic fields in his attempt to prove Fermat's Last Theorem These were the starting points for the theory of algebraic numbers, developed in the classical papers of Dedekind, Dirichlet, Eisenstein, Hermite and many others This theory, enriched with more recent contributions, is of basic importance in the study of diophantine equations and arithmetic algebraic geometry, including methods in cryptography This book has a clear and thorough exposition of the classical theory of algebraic numbers, and contains a large number of exercises as well as worked out numerical examples The Introduction is a recapitulation of results about principal ideal domains, unique factorization domains and commutative fields Part One is devoted to residue classes and quadratic residues In Part Two one finds the study of algebraic integers, ideals, units, class numbers, the theory of decomposition, iner...

  15. Classical Probability and Quantum Outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James D. Malley

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available There is a contact problem between classical probability and quantum outcomes. Thus, a standard result from classical probability on the existence of joint distributions ultimately implies that all quantum observables must commute. An essential task here is a closer identification of this conflict based on deriving commutativity from the weakest possible assumptions, and showing that stronger assumptions in some of the existing no-go proofs are unnecessary. An example of an unnecessary assumption in such proofs is an entangled system involving nonlocal observables. Another example involves the Kochen-Specker hidden variable model, features of which are also not needed to derive commutativity. A diagram is provided by which user-selected projectors can be easily assembled into many new, graphical no-go proofs.

  16. From classical to quantum physics

    CERN Document Server

    Stehle, Philip

    2017-01-01

    Suitable for lay readers as well as students, this absorbing survey explores the twentieth-century transition from classical to quantum physics. Author Philip Stehle traces the shift in the scientific worldview from the work of Galileo, Newton, and Darwin to the modern-day achievements of Max Planck, Albert Einstein, Ernest Rutherford, Niels Bohr, and others of their generation. His insightful overview examines not only the history of quantum physics but also the ways that progress in the discipline changed our understanding of the physical world and forces of nature. This chronicle of the second revolution in the physical sciences conveys the excitement and suspense that new developments produced in the scientific community. The narrative ranges from the classical physics of the seventeenth-century to the emergence of quantum mechanics with the entrance of the electron, the rise of relativity theory, the development of atomic theory, and the recognition of wave-particle duality. Relevant mathematical details...

  17. Classical Models of Subatomic Particles

    OpenAIRE

    Mann, R. B.; Morris, M. S.

    1993-01-01

    We look at the program of modelling a subatomic particle---one having mass, charge, and angular momentum---as an interior solution joined to a classical general-relativistic Kerr-Newman exterior spacetime. We find that the assumption of stationarity upon which the validity of the Kerr-Newman exterior solution depends is in fact violated quantum mechanically for all known subatomic particles. We conclude that the appropriate stationary spacetime matched to any known subatomic particle is flat ...

  18. Classical models of subatomic particles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We look at the program of modelling a subatomic particle - one having mass, charge, and angular momentum - as an interior solution joined to a classical general-relativistic Kerr-Newman exterior spacetime. We find that the assumption of stationarity upon which the validity of the Kerr-Newman exterior solution depends is in fact violated quantum mechanically for all known subatomic particles. We conclude that the appropriate stationary spacetime matched to any known subatomic particle is flat space. (orig.)

  19. Semi-classical signal analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Laleg-Kirati, Taous-Meriem; Sorine, Michel

    2010-01-01

    This study introduces a new signal analysis method called SCSA, based on a semi-classical approach. The main idea in the SCSA is to interpret a pulse-shaped signal as a potential of a Schr\\"odinger operator and then to use the discrete spectrum of this operator for the analysis of the signal. We present some numerical examples and the first results obtained with this method on the analysis of arterial blood pressure waveforms.

  20. Classic ballet dancers postural patterns

    OpenAIRE

    Joseani Paulini Neves Simas; Sebastião Iberes Lopes Melo

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate classic ballet practice and its influence on postural patterns and (a) identify the most frequent postural changes; (b) determine the postural pattern; (c) verify the existence of association of practice time and postural changes. The investigation was carried out in two stages: one, description in which 106 dancers participated; the other, causal comparative in which 50 dancers participated; and (a) questionnaire; (b) a checkerboard; (c) postural chart; ...

  1. Classical Concepts in Quantum Programming

    OpenAIRE

    Oemer, Bernhard

    2002-01-01

    The rapid progress of computer technology has been accompanied by a corresponding evolution of software development, from hardwired components and binary machine code to high level programming languages, which allowed to master the increasing hardware complexity and fully exploit its potential. This paper investigates, how classical concepts like hardware abstraction, hierarchical programs, data types, memory management, flow of control and structured programming can be used in quantum comput...

  2. Semi-classical signal analysis

    KAUST Repository

    Laleg-Kirati, Taous-Meriem

    2012-09-30

    This study introduces a new signal analysis method, based on a semi-classical approach. The main idea in this method is to interpret a pulse-shaped signal as a potential of a Schrödinger operator and then to use the discrete spectrum of this operator for the analysis of the signal. We present some numerical examples and the first results obtained with this method on the analysis of arterial blood pressure waveforms. © 2012 Springer-Verlag London Limited.

  3. Gauge Invariance in Classical Electrodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Engelhardt, W

    2005-01-01

    The concept of gauge invariance in classical electrodynamics assumes tacitly that Maxwell's equations have unique solutions. By calculating the electromagnetic field of a moving particle both in Lorenz and in Coulomb gauge and directly from the field equations we obtain, however, contradicting solutions. We conclude that the tacit assumption of uniqueness is not justified. The reason for this failure is traced back to the inhomogeneous wave equations which connect the propagating fields and their sources at the same time.

  4. To Foundations of Classical Electrodynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Bessonov, E. G.

    1997-01-01

    In the present work foundations of the law of the energy conservation and the introduction of particles in the classical electrodynamics are discussed. We pay attention to a logic error which takes place at an interpretation of the Poynting's theorem as the law of conservation of energy. It was shown that the laws of conservation of energy and momentum of the system of electromagnetic fields and charged particles does not follow from the equations of electrodynamics and the violation of these...

  5. Applications of classical detonation theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davis, W.C.

    1994-09-01

    Classical detonation theory is the basis for almost all calculations of explosive systems. One common type of calculation is of the detailed behavior of inert parts driven by explosive, predicting pressures, velocities, positions, densities, energies, etc as functions of time. Another common application of the theory is predicting the detonation state and expansion isentrope of a new explosive or mixtures, perhaps an explosive that has not yet been made. Both types of calculations are discussed.

  6. Rindler particles and classical radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe the quantum and classical radiation emitted by a uniformly accelerating point source in terms of the elementary processes of absorption and emission of Rindler scalar photons of the Fulling-Davies-Unruh bath observed by a co-accelerating observer. To this end we compute the rate at which a DeWitt detector emits a Minkowski scalar particle with defined transverse momentum per unit of proper time of the source and we show that it corresponds to the induced absorption or spontaneous and induced emission of Rindler particles from the thermal bath. We then take what could be called the inert limit of the DeWitt detector by considering the limit of no energy gap. As suggested by DeWitt, we identify, in this limit, the detector with a classical point source and verify the consistency of our computation with the classical result. Finally, we study the behaviour of the emission rate in D spacetime dimensions in connection with the so-called apparent statistics inversion

  7. Rindler Photons and Classical Radiation

    CERN Document Server

    Díaz, D E

    2001-01-01

    We describe the quantum and classical radiation by a uniformly accelerating point source in terms of the elementary processes of absorption and emission of Rindler scalar photons of the Fulling-Davies-Unruh bath observed by a co-accelerating observer.To this end we compute the emission rate by a DeWitt detector of a Minkowski scalar field particle with defined transverse momentum per unit of proper time of the source and we show that it corresponds to the induced absorption or spontaneous and induced emission of Rindler photons from the thermal bath. We then take what could be called the inert limit of the DeWitt detector by considering the limit of zero gap energy. As suggested by DeWitt, we identify in this limit the detector with a classical point source and verify the consistency of our computation with the classical result. Finally, we study the behavior of the emission rate in D space-time dimensions in connection with the so called apparent statistics inversion.

  8. Quantum systems as classical systems

    CERN Document Server

    Cassa, A

    2001-01-01

    A characteristical property of a classical physical theory is that the observables are real functions taking an exact outcome on every (pure) state; in a quantum theory, at the contrary, a given observable on a given state can take several values with only a predictable probability. However, even in the classical case, when an observer is intrinsically unable to distinguish between some distinct states he can convince himself that the measure of its ''observables'' can have several values in a random way with a statistical character. What kind of statistical theory is obtainable in this way? It is possible, for example, to obtain exactly the statistical previsions of quantum mechanics? Or, in other words, can a physical system showing a classical behaviour appear to be a quantum system to a confusing observer? We show that from a mathematical viewpoint it is not difficult to produce a theory with hidden variables having this property. We don't even try to justify in physical terms the artificial construction ...

  9. Quantum to Classical Randomness Extractors

    CERN Document Server

    Berta, Mario; Wehner, Stephanie

    2011-01-01

    Even though randomness is an essential resource for many information processing tasks, it is not easily found in nature. The goal of randomness extraction is to distill (almost) perfect randomness from a weak source of randomness. When the source yields a classical string X, many extractor constructions are known. Yet, when considering a physical randomness source, X is itself ultimately the result of a measurement on an underlying quantum system. When characterizing the power of a source to supply randomness it is hence a natural question to ask, how much classical randomness we can extract from a quantum state. To tackle this question we here take on the study of quantum-to-classical randomness extractors (QC-extractors). We provide constructions of QC-extractors based on measurements in a full set of mutually unbiased bases (MUBs), and certain single qubit measurements. As the first application, we show that any QC-extractor gives rise to entropic uncertainty relations with respect to quantum side informat...

  10. Naval Observatory Vector Astrometry Software (NOVAS) Version 3.1:Fortran, C, and Python Editions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, G. H.; Bangert, J. A.; Barron, E. G.; Bartlett, J. L.; Puatua, W.; Harris, W.; Barrett, P.

    2012-08-01

    The Naval Observatory Vector Astrometry Software (NOVAS) is a source - code library that provides common astrometric quantities and transformations to high precision. The library can supply, in one or two subroutine or function calls, the instantaneous celestial position of any star or planet in a variety of coordinate systems. NOVAS also provides access to all of the building blocks that go into such computations. NOVAS is used for a wide variety of applications, including the U.S. portions of The Astronomical Almanac and a number of telescope control systems. NOVAS uses IAU recommended models for Earth orientation, including the IAU 2006 precession theory, the IAU 2000A and 2000B nutation series, and diurnal rotation based on the celestial and terrestrial intermediate origins. Equinox - based quantities, such as sidereal time, are also supported. NOVAS Earth orientation calculations match those from SOFA at the sub - microarcsecond level for comparable transformations. NOVAS algorithms for aberration an d gravitational light deflection are equivalent, at the microarcsecond level, to those inherent in the current consensus VLBI delay algorithm. NOVAS can be easily connected to the JPL planetary/lunar ephemerides (e.g., DE405), and connections to IMCCE and IAA planetary ephemerides are planned. NOVAS Version 3.1 introduces a Python edition alongside the Fortran and C editions. The Python edition uses the computational code from the C edition and currently mimics the function calls of the C edition. Future versions will expand the functionality of the Python edition to exploit the object - oriented features of Python. In the Version 3.1 C edition, the ephemeris - access functions have been revised for use on 64 - bit systems and for improved performance in general. NOVAS source code, auxiliary files, and documentation are available from the USNO website (http://aa.usno.navy.mil/software/novas/novas_info.php).

  11. The Relation between Classical and Quantum Electrodynamics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Bacelar Valente

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Quantum electrodynamics presents intrinsic limitations in the description of physical processes that make it impossible to recover from it the type of description we have in classical electrodynamics. Hence one cannot consider classical electrodynamics as reducing to quantum electrodynamics and being recovered from it by some sort of limiting procedure. Quantum electrodynamics has to be seen not as an more fundamental theory, but as an upgrade of classical electrodynamics, which permits an extension of classical theory to the description of phenomena that, while being related to the conceptual framework of the classical theory, cannot be addressed from the classical theory.

  12. Design and performance of the Nova frequency conversion system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nova laser is equipped with ten large-aperture (74-cm) potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP) crystal arrays capable of converting the fundamental wavelength (1.054 μm) to the visible (0.527-μm) or ultraviolet (0.351-μm) light. Each array assembly consists of a 3 x 3 deep-web aluminum eggcrate, which supports two crystal arrays configured in the quadrature 2ω/cascade 3ω architecture. The individual crystals are precisely machined so that the phase-matched direction is accurately located with respect to the crystal surface normal (+-30 μrad). The eggcrate supports each crystal so that the surface normals are parallel to within +-30 μrad. The completed assembly is angle tuned for peak conversion efficiency to +-30 μrad relative to the input beam. The Nova crystal arrays are installed just before the target focus lens where the beams are linearly polarized, collimated (+-50 μrad), and 74 cm in diameter. Angle tuning is facilitated by a precision two-axis gimbal which can also rotate the array about the beam direction. Each of the ten gimbals is controlled from a local control console or the main control room. Infrared operation is achieved by detuning the array so that no conversion takes place. Operation at 0.527 μ is achieved by angle tuning the assembly so that both crystals convert the fundamental to the second harmonic. The assembly is rotated about the beam axis to achieve the correct input polarization. Operation at 0.351 μm is achieved by tipping the assembly approx. =5 mrad and rotating approx. =100 so as to tune the second crystal for mixing. The Nova frequency conversion subsystem has recently been activated, and preliminary measurements made on the optical quality and overall conversion efficiency are reported

  13. Novae as Tevatrons: prospects for CTA and IceCube

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metzger, B. D.; Caprioli, D.; Vurm, I.; Beloborodov, A. M.; Bartos, I.; Vlasov, A.

    2016-04-01

    The discovery of novae as sources of ˜0.1-1 GeV gamma-rays highlights the key role of shocks and relativistic particle acceleration in these transient systems. Although there is evidence for a spectral cut-off above energies ˜1-100 GeV at particular epochs in some novae, the maximum particle energy achieved in these accelerators has remained an open question. The high densities of the nova ejecta (˜10 orders of magnitude larger than in supernova remnants) render the gas far upstream of the shock neutral and shielded from ionizing radiation. The amplification of the magnetic field needed for diffusive shock acceleration requires ionized gas, thus confining the acceleration process to a narrow photoionized layer immediately ahead of the shock. Based on the growth rate of the hybrid non-resonant cosmic ray current-driven instability (considering also ion-neutral damping), we quantify the maximum particle energy, Emax, across the range of shock velocities and upstream densities of interest. We find values of Emax ˜ 10 GeV-10 TeV, which are broadly consistent with the inferred spectral cut-offs, but which could also in principle lead to emission extending to ≳ 100 GeV accessible to atmosphere Cherenkov telescopes, such as the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). Detecting TeV neutrinos with IceCube is more challenging, although the prospects are improved for a nearby event (≲ kpc) or if the shock power during the earliest, densest phases of the outburst is higher than implied by the GeV light curves, due to downscattering of the gamma-rays within the ejecta.

  14. Coatings for high energy applications. The Nova laser

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The combined requirements of energy density, multiple wavelength, and aperture make the coatings for the Nova Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) laser unique. This ten beam neodymium glass laser system, built at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), has over a thousand major optical components; some larger than one meter in diameter and weighing 380 Kg. The laser operates at 1054 nm and can be frequency doubled to 527 nm or tripled to 351 nm by means of full aperture potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP) crystal arrays. The 1.0 nsec fluence varies along the laser chain, sometimes reaching values as high as 16 J/cm2 at the input lens to one of the spatial filters. The design specifications of this massive optical system were changed several times as the state-of-the-art advanced. Each change required redesign of the optical coatings even as vendors were preparing for production runs. Frequency conversion to include shorter wavelengths mandated the first major coating redesign and was followed almost immediately by a second redesign to reduce solarization effects in borosilicate crown glass. The conventional thermal evaporation process although successful for the deposition of mirror coatings, was not able to produce antireflection coatings able to survive the locally high chain fluences. As a consequence it became necessary to develop another technique. Solution produced coatings were developed having transmissions exceeding 99% per part and damage threshold values equal to the bare substrate. The unique requirement of the Nova laser necessitated special deposition and metrology equipment. These programmatic developments will be reviewed in the context of the cooperative working relationship developed between LLNL and its vendors. It was this excellent relationship which has enabled LLNL to obtain these highly specialized coatings for the Nova laser

  15. Polimeri i nepolimeri – nova sistematizacija tvari i materijala

    OpenAIRE

    ČATIĆ, Igor; BARIĆ, Gordana; RUJNIĆ - SOKELE, Maja

    2016-01-01

    Dugo vremena materijale se dijelilo na metale i nemetale. Danas je potrebna nova razredba tvari i materijala (makromolekulnih spojeva) te proizvoda. Jedan od kriterija temelji se na defi niciji polimera i njihovoj proširenosti. Drugi kriterij je proširenje uporabe kompozitnih i hibridnih materijala i tvorevina. Treći razlog uvođenja nove razredbe je bolje razumijevanje prirode, međupovezanosti ili usporedivosti tvari i materijala načinjenih iz istih temeljnih skupina. Prema novoj razredbi mat...

  16. Nova control system: goals, architecture, and system design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The control system for the Nova laser must operate reliably in a harsh pulse power environment and satisfy requirements of technical functionality, flexibility, maintainability and operability. It is composed of four fundamental subsystems: Power Conditioning, Alignment, Laser Diagnostics, and Target Diagnostics, together with a fifth, unifying subsystem called Central Controls. The system architecture utilizes a collection of distributed microcomputers, minicomputers, and components interconnected through high speed fiber optic communications systems. The design objectives, development strategy and architecture of the overall control system and each of its four fundamental subsystems are discussed. Specific hardware and software developments in several areas are also covered

  17. Alqueva e a Nova Paisagem Turística

    OpenAIRE

    Marujo, Maria Noémi

    2005-01-01

    O «grande lago» de Alqueva vai aumentar e diversificar a oferta na área do turismo cultural, de natureza e de aventura. As realidades turísticas existentes (gastronomia, património, ambiente, etc.) aliadas às futuras potencialidades, especialmente na área da animação turística (desportos náuticos) e outras actividades de lazer (golfe, ténis etc.) vão potenciar o desenvolvimento do turismo na região. A nova paisagem de Alqueva é determinante para atrair novos turistas.

  18. Novas demandas na gerência do protocolo BGP4

    OpenAIRE

    Andreoli, Andrey Vedana; Bertholdo, Leandro Márcio; Tarouco, Liane Margarida Rockenbach; Silva, Ana Benso da

    2003-01-01

    Este artigo descreve e analisa as necessidades de monitoração do protocolo BGP, demonstrando algumas formas de acesso aos dados deste protocolo para monitoramento. É feito então um estudo de caso na monitoração do BGP em um Ponto de Troca de Tráfego, implementando e validando um sub-agente que complementa o conjunto de informações importantes deste protocolo. Dentre os resultados obtidos frente ao problema apresentado, esse artigo propõem modificações na MIB BGP incluindo novas funcionalidade...

  19. MAXI Nova Alert System and the Latest Scientific Results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    MAXI, Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image, is the first astronomical telescope onboard the ISS. One of the main goals of our mission is to discover new transient objects by scanning more than 95% of the sky every ∼92 min with two types of X-ray cameras, Gas Slit Camera (GSC) and Solid-state Slit Camera (SSC). We have developed a completely new data analysis system, a nova alert system, to find transient objects and send alerts to the world as soon as possible. Here we describe the current status of the system, and transient objects discovered with the system.

  20. Analysis of the AAVSO light curves of 21 dwarf novae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Measurements of all observed outbursts of 21 dwarf novae during a three-year interval (JD2442300-JD2443300), using the data records of the AAVSO, are reported. Relationships among the rise time, outburst length, decline time, quiescent interval, maximum V magnitude, and physical-system parameters (such as orbital period and masses of the component stars) were investigated. The results confirm some, but not all, of the correlations previously found for the best-studied system SS Cyg and other less consistent surveys. The long-outburst and short-outburst separation characteristic of the SU UMa class are used to identify several prime suspects for this group

  1. Miroljubivi uspon – nova kineska vanjskopolitička teorija

    OpenAIRE

    Baković, Ozren

    2004-01-01

    Kao izraz težnje za osuvremenjivanjem kineske vanjske politike u promijenjenim globalnim uvjetima na početku 21. stoljeća, pojavila se nova službena kineska vanjskopolitička teorija – teorija “miroljubivog uspona”. Nakon što je naviše kinesko rukovodstvo usvojilo teoriju, ona se sad nastoji objasniti međunarodnoj javnosti. Osnovna je postavka teorije “miroljubivog uspona” da snažan dugoročni rast kineskoga gospodarstva i afirmacija Kine u međunarodnim odnosima nije ni regionalna ni globalna p...

  2. Equation of State measurements of hydrogen isotopes on Nova

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collins, G. W., LLNL

    1997-11-01

    High intensity lasers can be used to perform measurements of materials at extremely high pressures if certain experimental issues can be overcome. We have addressed those issues and used the Nova laser to shock-compress liquid deuterium and obtain measurements of density and pressure on the principal Hugoniot at pressures from 300 kbar to more than 2 Mbar. The data are compared with a number of equation of state models. The data indicate that the effect of molecular dissociation of the deuterium into a monatomic phase may have a significant impact on the equation of state near 1 Mbar.

  3. Novas fontes co-inovadoras da produtividade empresarial?

    OpenAIRE

    Torrent-Sellens, Joan; Ficapal-Cusí, Pilar

    2011-01-01

    A crise econômica atual tem acentuado a necessidade de transformar o padrão de crescimento de muitas economias em todo o mundo. No processo de transição para a economia global do conhecimento, as fontes de produtividade evoluem desde os modelos competitivos extensivos (acumulação de recursos produtivos) até os modelos competitivos intensivos (inovação). Em sintonia com a evidência internacional, neste artigo analisam-se as novas fontes co-inovadoras (usos das Tecnologias da Informação e Comun...

  4. Nova control system - goals, architecture, and central system design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Control and data acquisition functions for the Nova Laser and Target Irradiation facility are performed by a distributed, hierarchically organized, network of computers and devices interconnected through high speed fiber optic communication links. The architecture established for this control system provides the flexibility within each of its fundamental subsystems (power Conditioning, Alignment, Laser Diagnostics and Target Diagnostics) to optimize internal design and organization according to their specific criteria. Control system integration, support of common functions, and centralization of operation are achieved using a fifth unifying subsystem called Central Controls

  5. Casimir effect: The classical limit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We analyze the high temperature (or classical) limit of the Casimir effect. A useful quantity which arises naturally in our discussion is the 'relative Casimir energy', which we define for a configuration of disjoint conducting boundaries of arbitrary shapes, as the difference of Casimir energies between the given configuration and a configuration with the same boundaries infinitely far apart. Using path integration techniques, we show that the relative Casimir energy vanishes exponentially fast in temperature. This is consistent with a simple physical argument based on Kirchhoff's law. As a result the 'relative Casimir entropy', which we define in an obviously analogous manner, tends, in the classical limit, to a finite asymptotic value which depends only on the geometry of the boundaries. Thus the Casimir force between disjoint pieces of the boundary, in the classical limit, is entropy driven and is governed by a dimensionless number characterizing the geometry of the cavity. Contributions to the Casimir thermodynamical quantities due to each individual connected component of the boundary exhibit logarithmic deviations in temperature from the behavior just described. These logarithmic deviations seem to arise due to our difficulty to separate the Casimir energy (and the other thermodynamical quantities) from the 'electromagnetic' self-energy of each of the connected components of the boundary in a well defined manner. Our approach to the Casimir effect is not to impose sharp boundary conditions on the fluctuating field, but rather take into consideration its interaction with the plasma of 'charge carriers' in the boundary, with the plasma frequency playing the role of a physical UV cutoff. This also allows us to analyze deviations from a perfect conductor behavior

  6. Advances In Classical Field Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Yahalom, Asher

    2011-01-01

    Classical field theory is employed by physicists to describe a wide variety of physical phenomena. These include electromagnetism, fluid dynamics, gravitation and quantum mechanics. The central entity of field theory is the field which is usually a multi component function of space and time. Those multi component functions are usually grouped together as vector fields as in the case in electromagnetic theory and fluid dynamics, in other cases they are grouped as tensors as in theories of gravitation and yet in other cases they are grouped as complex functions as in the case of quantum mechanic

  7. Superadditivity of classical capacity revisited

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pilyavets, Oleg V.; Karpov, Evgueni A.; Schäfer, Joachim [QuIC, Ecole Polytechnique, Université Libre de Bruxelles, CP 165, 1050 Brussels (Belgium)

    2014-12-04

    We introduce new type of superadditivity for classical capacity of quantum channels, which involves the properties of channels’ environment. By imposing different restrictions on the total energy contained in channels’ environment we can consider different types of superadditivity. Using lossy bosonic and additive noise quantum channels as examples, we demonstrate that their capacities can be either additive or superadditive depending on the values of channels parameters. The parameters corresponding to transition between the additive and superadditive cases are related with recently found critical and supercritical parameters for Gaussian channels.

  8. Lectures on classical differential geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Struik, Dirk J

    1988-01-01

    Elementary, yet authoritative and scholarly, this book offers an excellent brief introduction to the classical theory of differential geometry. It is aimed at advanced undergraduate and graduate students who will find it not only highly readable but replete with illustrations carefully selected to help stimulate the student's visual understanding of geometry. The text features an abundance of problems, most of which are simple enough for class use, and often convey an interesting geometrical fact. A selection of more difficult problems has been included to challenge the ambitious student.Writ

  9. Solar Activity and Classical Physics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    This review of solar physics emphasizes several of the more conspicuous scientific puzzles posed by contemporary observational knowledge of the magnetic activity of the Sun. The puzzles emphasize how much classical physics we have yet to learn from the Sun. The physics of solar activity is based on the principles of Newton, Maxwell, Lorentz, Boltzmann, et. al., along with the principles of radiative transfer. In the large, these principles are expressed by magnetohydrodynamics. A brief derivation of the magnetohydrodynamic induction and momentum equations is provided, with a discussion of popular misconceptions.

  10. Library Cooperation at the NOVA University--the Nordic University in Agriculture, Forestry and Veterinary Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myllys, Heli

    The Nordic University in Agriculture, Forestry and Veterinary Medicine--the NOVA University-was established in 1995 to increase the cooperation between the Nordic agricultural universities. The NOVA libraries of the seven institutions and facilities involved wanted to show that they are a very useful partner in launching new ideas. They have the…

  11. Innovation and Skills Development in the Rural Voluntary Sector in Nova Scotia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canadian Rural Partnership, 2002

    2002-01-01

    This report is a summary of discussions that took place at the Rural Voluntary Sector Leaders' Dialogue, entitled "Innovation and Skills Development in the Rural Voluntary Sector in Nova Scotia", held in Truro, Nova Scotia on September 20, 2002. Many of the discussions took place in brainstorming sessions at which no limits were placed on the…

  12. The revision of classical stock model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YE Bai-qing; WANG Hong-li

    2001-01-01

    On the basis of the analysis of classical stock model, according to th e limitation of the model, the article puts forward the revision of classical mo del and enforces the applicability of the stock model.

  13. Pseudoclassical fermionic model and classical solutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We study classical limit of fermionic fields seen as Grassmann variables and deduce the proper quantization prescription using Dirac's method for constrained systems and investigate quantum meaning of classical solutions for the Thirring model. (author)

  14. Classical Electron Theory and Conservation Laws

    OpenAIRE

    Kiessling, Michael K. -H.

    1999-01-01

    It is shown that the traditional conservation laws for total charge, energy, linear and angular momentum, hold jointly in classical electron theory if and only if classical electron spin is included as dynamical degree of freedom.

  15. The revision of classical stock model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶柏青; 王洪利

    2001-01-01

    On the basis of the analysis of classical stock model, according to the limitation of the model, the article puts forward the revision of classical model and enforces the applicability of the stock model.

  16. Lagrangian formalism and retarded classical electrodynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Jan, Xavier; Llosa, Josep; Molina, Alfred

    1989-01-01

    Unlike the 1/c2 approximation, where classical electrodynamics is described by the Darwin Lagrangian, here there is no Lagrangian to describe retarded (resp., advanced) classical electrodynamics up to 1/c3 for two-point charges with different masses.

  17. The astronomizings of Dr. Anderson and the curious case of his disappearing nova

    CERN Document Server

    Shears, Jeremy

    2012-01-01

    Dr. Thomas David Anderson (1853-1932) was a Scottish amateur astronomer famed for his discovery of two bright novae: Nova Aurigae 1891 and Nova Persei 1901. He also discovered more than 50 variable stars as well as making independent discoveries of Nova Aquilae 1918 and comet 17P/Holmes in 1892. At the age of seventy, in 1923, he reported his discovery of a further nova, this time in Cygnus. This was set to be the culmination of a lifetime devoted to scanning the night sky, but unfortunately no one was able to confirm it. This paper discusses Anderson's life leading up to the discovery and considers whether it was real or illusory.

  18. Technics of classical and digital photography comparsion

    OpenAIRE

    Kvapilová, Kamila

    2012-01-01

    This bachelor work is aimed at basic principles of taking photos by classical and digital camera. Describes methods for achieving of required photos by digital way and also classical taking photos on cine-film. Compares the technology of classical and digital photography from the beginning, which is getting the camera and accessories. It also describes the construction and control of the camera. Processing of photo compares the quality of digital and classic photo.

  19. Markkinointiviestintäsuunnitelma : Classic Coffee Oy

    OpenAIRE

    Eerola, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön aiheena oli laatia markkinointiviestintäsuunnitelma kalenterivuodelle 2016 vuosikellon muodossa, toimintansa jo vakiinnuttaneelle Classic Coffee Oy:lle. Classic Coffee Oy on vuonna 2011 perustettu, Tampereella toimiva kahvila-alan yritys joka tarjoaa lounaskahvilatoiminnan lisäksi laadukkaita konditoria-palveluita, yritys- ja kokoustarjoiluja sekä tilavuokrausta. Classic Coffee Oy:llä on yksi kahvila, Classic Coffee Tampella. Kahvila sijaitsee Tampellassa, Tampereen keskustan vä...

  20. The new-classical contribution to macroeconomics

    OpenAIRE

    D. LAIDLER

    2013-01-01

    This work is devoted to assessing New-Classical ideas, and to asking what of lasting importance this school of macroeconomics has contributed since the early 1970s. It deals in turn with the relationship between New-Classical Economics and Monetarism, the relative explanatory power of these two bodies of doctrine over empirical evidence, and the claims of New-Classical Economics to embody a superior analytic method. The author argues that, although the particular ways in which New-Classical M...

  1. Physiological characteristics of classical ballet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schantz, P G; Astrand, P O

    1984-10-01

    The aerobic and anaerobic energy yield during professional training sessions ("classes") of classical ballet as well as during rehearsed and performed ballets has been studied by means of oxygen uptake, heart rate, and blood lactate concentration determinations on professional ballet dancers from the Royal Swedish Ballet in Stockholm. The measured oxygen uptake during six different normal classes at the theatre averaged about 35-45% of the maximal oxygen uptake, and the blood lactate concentration averaged 3 mM (N = 6). During 10 different solo parts of choreographed dance (median length = 1.8 min) representative for moderately to very strenuous dance, an average oxygen uptake (measured during the last minute) of 80% of maximum and blood lactate concentration of 10 mM was measured (N = 10). In addition, heart rate registrations from soloists in different ballets during performance and final rehearsals frequently indicated a high oxygen uptake relative to maximum and an average blood lactate concentration of 11 mM (N = 5). Maximal oxygen uptake, determined in 1971 (N = 11) and 1983 (N = 13) in two different groups of dancers, amounted to on the average 51 and 56 ml X min-1 X kg-1 for the females and males, respectively. In conclusion, classical ballet is a predominantly intermittent type of exercise. In choreographed dance each exercise period usually lasts only a few minutes, but can be very demanding energetically, while during the dancers' basic training sessions, the energy yield is low. PMID:6513765

  2. Classical Black Holes Are Hot

    CERN Document Server

    Curiel, Erik

    2014-01-01

    In the early 1970s it is was realized that there is a striking formal analogy between the Laws of black-hole mechanics and the Laws of classical thermodynamics. Before the discovery of Hawking radiation, however, it was generally thought that the analogy was only formal, and did not reflect a deep connection between gravitational and thermodynamical phenomena. It is still commonly held that the surface gravity of a stationary black hole can be construed as a true physical temperature and its area as a true entropy only when quantum effects are taken into account; in the context of classical general relativity alone, one cannot cogently construe them so. Does the use of quantum field theory in curved spacetime offer the only hope for taking the analogy seriously? I think the answer is `no'. To attempt to justify that answer, I shall begin by arguing that the standard argument to the contrary is not physically well founded, and in any event begs the question. Looking at the various ways that the ideas of "tempe...

  3. Entanglement-Enhanced Classical Communication

    CERN Document Server

    Herrera-Martí, David A

    2008-01-01

    This thesis will be focused on the classical capacity of quantum channels, one of the first areas treated by quantum information theorists. The problem is fairly solved since some years. Nevertheless, this work will give me a reason to introduce a consistent formalism of the quantum theory, as well as to review fundamental facts about quantum non-locality and how it can be used to enhance communication. Moreover, this reflects my dwelling in the spirit of classical information theory, and it is intended to be a starting point towards a thorough study of how quantum technologies can help to shape the future of telecommunications. Whenever it was possible, heuristic reasonings were introduced instead of rigorous mathematical proofs. This finds an explanation in that I am a self-taught neophyte in the field, and just about every time I came across a new concept, physical arguments were always more compelling to me than just maths. The technical content of the thesis is twofold. On one hand, a quadratic classific...

  4. A Detailed Photometric and Spectroscopic Study of the 2011 Outburst of the Recurrent Nova T Pyxidis from 0.8 to 250 Days after Discovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Surina, F.; Hounsell, R. A.; Bode, M. F.; Darnley, M. J.; Harman, D. J.; Walter, F. M.

    2014-05-01

    We investigated the optical light curve of T Pyx during its 2011 outburst by compiling a database of Solar Mass Ejection Imager (SMEI) and AAVSO observations. The SMEI light curve, providing unprecedented detail covering t = 1.5-49 days post-discovery, was divided into four phases based on the idealized nova optical light curve: the initial rise (1.5-3.3 days), the pre-maximum halt (3.3-13.3 days), the final rise (14.7-27.9 days), and the early decline (27.9+ days). The SMEI light curve contains a strongly detected period of 1.44 ± 0.05 days during the pre-maximum halt phase. These oscillations resemble those found in recent thermonuclear runaway models arising from instabilities in the expanding envelope. No spectral variations that mirror the light curve periodicity were found, however. The marked dip at t ~ 22-24 days just before the light curve maximum at t = 27.9 days may represent the same (shorter duration) phenomenon seen in other novae observed by SMEI and present in some model light curves. The spectra from the 2 m Liverpool Telescope and SMARTS 1.5 m telescope were obtained from t = 0.8-80.7 and 155.1-249.9 days, covering the major phases of development. The nova was observed very early in its rise where a distinct high-velocity ejection phase was evident with initially derived V ej ~ 4000 km s-1. A marked drop occurred at t = 5.7 days, and then a gradual increase in derived V ej to stabilize at ~1500 km s-1 at the pre-maximum halt. Here, we propose two different stages of mass loss, a short-lived phase occurring immediately after outburst and lasting ~6 days, followed by a more steadily evolving and higher mass loss phase. The overall spectral development follows that typical of a classical nova and comparison with the photometric behavior reveals consistencies with the simple evolving pseudo-photosphere model of the nova outburst. Comparing optical spectra to X-ray and radio light curves, weak [Fe X] 6375 Å emission was marginally detected before the

  5. Collection of problems in classical mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Kotkin, G L; ter Haar, D

    1971-01-01

    Collection of Problems in Classical Mechanics presents a set of problems and solutions in physics, particularly those involving mechanics. The coverage of the book includes 13 topics relevant to classical mechanics, such as integration of one-dimensional equations of motion; the Hamiltonian equations of motion; and adiabatic invariants. The book will be of great use to physics students studying classical mechanics.

  6. Classical approximations of relativistic quantum physics

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Glenn Eric

    2016-01-01

    A correspondence of classical to quantum physics studied by Schr\\"{o}\\-dinger and Ehrenfest applies without the necessity of technical conjecture that classical observables are associated with Hermitian Hilbert space operators. This correspondence provides appropriate nonrelativistic classical interpretations to realizations of relativistic quantum physics that are incompatible with the canonical formalism. Using this correspondence, Newtonian mechanics for a $1/r$ potential provides approxim...

  7. Diminuendo: Classical Music and the Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asia, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    How is the tradition of Western classical music faring on university campuses? Before answering this question, it is necessary to understand what has transpired with classical music in the wider culture, as the relationship between the two is so strong. In this article, the author discusses how classical music has taken a big cultural hit in…

  8. Quantum electrodynamics in a classical approximation, 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quantum electrodynamics is formulated in a classical approximation. A quantum mechanical proper-time is employed as a useful parameter, which enables us to elucidate the relationship between quantum electrodynamics and classical electrodynamics. The classical motion of a charged particle is realized as an asymptotic limit of quantum electrodynamics. (author)

  9. A prediction of a luminous red nova eruption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molnar, Lawrence A.; Van Noord, Daniel M.; Steenwyk, Steven D.; Spedden, Chris J.; Kinemuchi, Karen

    2015-01-01

    Luminous red novae have been distinguished as a class of stellar eruption in just the past decade. They are hypothesized to be the result of the merger of two main sequence stars. Tylenda et al. (2011) found remarkable confirmation of this hypothesis by showing that OGLE data preceding the 2008 outburst of V1309 Sco exhibited the light curve of a contact binary system with an orbital period spiraling exponentially down to zero.We will present analysis of light curves of KIC 9832227 (= NSVS 5597755) spanning 15 years that show it is a contact binary system with a negative period derivative and second derivative. The data are taken from the NSVS, WASP, and Kepler surveys, and extended by Calvin Observatory measurements in 2013 and 2014.Fitting the orbital phase timing to the exponential model of Tylenda et al. (2011) provides a satisfactory fit of the entire data set. While we cannot yet conclude the system will follow the model fit, the prediction it makes will soon be easily falsifiable. The model predicts the period derivative will very soon exceed measured values for all other contact binary stars and that the stars should merge sometime between summer 2019 and summer 2022. If the model holds up, this star presents the unprecedented opportunity to perform a set of targeted observations of a luminous red nova progenitor and to follow carefully the course of the merger.Tylenda, R., et al. (2011), AA, 528, A114.

  10. Absolute Magnitudes of Dwarf Novae: Murmurs of Period Bounce

    CERN Document Server

    Patterson, Joseph

    2009-01-01

    We redetermine the relationship between absolute magnitude and orbital period for dwarf novae, based on 46 stars with good or excellent distance estimates. This improves upon Warner's previous relation, building upon today's improved estimates of distance and binary inclination, and greater wavelength coverage. This calibration is then applied to a set of 210 known or likely dwarf novae, to study the dependence of quiescent M_v, and time-averaged M_v, on orbital period. The resultant M_v(P_orb) curves appear to establish the existence of a lower branch of cataclysmic-variable evolution, resembling the previously known q(P_orb) relation. Stars on the lower branch seem to have the expected properties of "period bouncers" -- with a feeble secondary, faint accretion light, cool white dwarf, and long recurrence time between eruptions. They may also have higher velocities, consistent with a greater age. Some are very nearby, despite strong selection effects discriminating against the discovery of these faint stars ...

  11. Pan-chromatic observations of the remarkable nova LMC 2012

    CERN Document Server

    Schwarz, Greg J; Page, Kim L; Osborne, Julian P; Beardmore, Andrew P; Walter, Frederick M; Bode, Michael F; Drake, Jeremy J; Ness, Jan-Uwe; Starrfield, Sumner; Van Rossum, Daniel R; Woodward, Charles E

    2014-01-01

    We present the results of an intensive multiwavelength campaign on nova LMC 2012. This nova evolved very rapidly in all observed wavelengths. The time to fall two magnitudes in the V band was only 2 days. In X-rays the super soft phase began 13$\\pm$5 days after discovery and ended around day 50 after discovery. During the super soft phase, the \\Swift/XRT and \\Chandra\\ spectra were consistent with the underlying white dwarf being very hot, $\\sim$ 1 MK, and luminous, $\\sim$ 10$^{38}$ erg s$^{-1}$. The UV, optical, and near-IR photometry showed a periodic variation after the initial and rapid fading had ended. Timing analysis revealed a consistent 19.24$\\pm$0.03 hr period in all UV, optical, and near-IR bands with amplitudes of $\\sim$ 0.3 magnitudes which we associate with the orbital period of the central binary. No periods were detected in the corresponding X-ray data sets. A moderately high inclination system, $i$ = 60$\\pm$10$^{\\arcdeg}$, was inferred from the early optical emission lines. The {\\it HST}/STIS ...

  12. Introducing Newton and classical physics

    CERN Document Server

    Rankin, William

    2002-01-01

    The rainbow, the moon, a spinning top, a comet, the ebb and flood of the oceans ...a falling apple. There is only one universe and it fell to Isaac Newton to discover its secrets. Newton was arguably the greatest scientific genius of all time, and yet he remains a mysterious figure. Written and illustrated by William Rankin, "Introducting Newton and Classical Physics" explains the extraordinary ideas of a man who sifted through the accumulated knowledge of centuries, tossed out mistaken beliefs, and single-handedly made enormous advances in mathematics, mechanics and optics. By the age of 25, entirely self-taught, he had sketched out a system of the world. Einstein's theories are unthinkable without Newton's founding system. He was also a secret heretic, a mystic and an alchemist, the man of whom Edmund Halley said "Nearer to the gods may no man approach!". This is an ideal companion volume to "Introducing Einstein".

  13. Classical electromagnetism in a nutshell

    CERN Document Server

    Garg, Anupam

    2012-01-01

    This graduate-level physics textbook provides a comprehensive treatment of the basic principles and phenomena of classical electromagnetism. While many electromagnetism texts use the subject to teach mathematical methods of physics, here the emphasis is on the physical ideas themselves. Anupam Garg distinguishes between electromagnetism in vacuum and that in material media, stressing that the core physical questions are different for each. In vacuum, the focus is on the fundamental content of electromagnetic laws, symmetries, conservation laws, and the implications for phenomena such as radiation and light. In material media, the focus is on understanding the response of the media to imposed fields, the attendant constitutive relations, and the phenomena encountered in different types of media such as dielectrics, ferromagnets, and conductors. The text includes applications to many topical subjects, such as magnetic levitation, plasmas, laser beams, and synchrotrons.

  14. Scientific Realism and Classical Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Singh, Virendra

    2008-01-01

    We recount the successful long career of classical physics, from Newton to Einstein, which was based on the philosophy of scientific realism. Special emphasis is given to the changing status and number of ontological entitities and arguments for their necessity at any time. Newton, initially, began with (i) point particles, (ii) aether, (iii) absolute space and (iv) absolute time. The electromagnetic theory of Maxwell and Faraday introduced `fields' as a new ontological entity not reducible to earlier ones. Their work also unified electricity, magnetism and optics. Repeated failure to observe the motion of earth through aether led Einstein to modify the Newtonian absolute space and time concepts to a fused Minkowski space-time and the removal of aether from basic ontological entities in his special theory of relativity. Later Einstein in his attempts to give a local theory of gravitation was led to further modify flat Minkowski space-time to the curved Riemannian space time. This reduced gravitational phenome...

  15. Hydrogen: Beyond the Classic Approximation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The classical nucleus approximation is the most frequently used approach for the resolution of problems in condensed matter physics.However, there are systems in nature where it is necessary to introduce the nuclear degrees of freedom to obtain a correct description of the properties.Examples of this, are the systems with containing hydrogen.In this work, we have studied the resolution of the quantum nuclear problem for the particular case of the water molecule.The Hartree approximation has been used, i.e. we have considered that the nuclei are distinguishable particles.In addition, we have proposed a model to solve the tunneling process, which involves the resolution of the nuclear problem for configurations of the system away from its equilibrium position

  16. Classic ballet dancers postural patterns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseani Paulini Neves Simas

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate classic ballet practice and its influence on postural patterns and (a identify the most frequent postural changes; (b determine the postural pattern; (c verify the existence of association of practice time and postural changes. The investigation was carried out in two stages: one, description in which 106 dancers participated; the other, causal comparative in which 50 dancers participated; and (a questionnaire; (b a checkerboard; (c postural chart; (d measure tape; (e camera and (f pedoscope were used as instrument. Descriptive and inferential statistics was used for analysis. The results revealed the most frequent postural changes such as hyperlordosis, unleveled shoulders and pronated ankles. Ballet seems to have negative implications in the postural development , affecting especially the vertebral spine, trunk and feet. The practice time was not a parameter to indicate the increase in postural changes. In conclusion, ballet may be associated with postural changes and determining a characteristic postural pattern.

  17. DOE Fundamentals Handbook: Classical Physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Classical Physics Fundamentals Handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors provide operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of physical forces and their properties. The handbook includes information on the units used to measure physical properties; vectors, and how they are used to show the net effect of various forces; Newton's Laws of motion, and how to use these laws in force and motion applications; and the concepts of energy, work, and power, and how to measure and calculate the energy involved in various applications. This information will provide personnel with a foundation for understanding the basic operation of various types of DOE nuclear facility systems and equipment

  18. Casimir Effect - The Classical Limit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The temperature dependence of the Casimir effect for the radiation field confined between two conducting plates is analysed; The Casimir energy is shown to decline exponentially with temperature while the Casimir entropy which is defined in the text is shown to approach a limit which depends only on the geometry of the constraining plates. The result is shown to hold, for a scalar field, for arbitrary geometry. The high temperature (T) expansion is shown to be ''robust'', i.e. it does not have any nonvanishing correction to the ''classical' result where the latter is defined by the validity of the Rayleigh - Jeans law. We show that validity of the Rayleigh - Jeans law implies the vanishing of the Casimir energy, hence the high temperature Casimir force, for a wide variety of geometries, is purely entropic

  19. Classical Concepts in Quantum Programming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ömer, Bernhard

    2005-07-01

    The rapid progress of computer technology has been accompanied by a corresponding evolution of software development, from hardwired components and binary machine code to high level programming languages, which allowed to master the increasing hardware complexity and fully exploit its potential. This paper investigates, how classical concepts like hardware abstraction, hierarchical programs, data types, memory management, flow of control, and structured programming can be used in quantum computing. The experimental language QCL will be introduced as an example, how elements like irreversible functions, local variables, and conditional branching, which have no direct quantum counterparts, can be implemented, and how nonclassical features like the reversibility of unitary transformation or the nonobservability of quantum states can be accounted for within the framework of a procedural programming language.

  20. A course in classical physics

    CERN Document Server

    Bettini, Alessandro

    2016-01-01

    This first volume covers the mechanics of point particles, gravitation, extended systems (starting from the two-body system), the basic concepts of relativistic mechanics and the mechanics of rigid bodies and fluids. The four-volume textbook, which covers electromagnetism, mechanics, fluids and thermodynamics, and waves and light, is designed to reflect the typical syllabus during the first two years of a calculus-based university physics program. Throughout all four volumes, particular attention is paid to in-depth clarification of conceptual aspects, and to this end the historical roots of the principal concepts are traced. Writings by the founders of classical mechanics, G. Galilei and I. Newton, are reproduced, encouraging students to consult them. Emphasis is also consistently placed on the experimental basis of the concepts, highlighting the experimental nature of physics. Whenever feasible at the elementary level, concepts relevant to more advanced courses in modern physics are included. Each chapter b...

  1. Classical Syllogisms in Logic Teaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øhrstrøm, Peter; Sandborg-Petersen, Ulrik; Thorvaldsen, Steinar;

    2013-01-01

    test persons have a tendency correctly to assess valid syllogisms as such more often than correctly assessing invalid syllogisms as such. It is also investigated to what extent the students have improved their skills in practical reasoning by attending the logic courses. Finally, some open questions......This paper focuses on the challenges of introducing classical syllogisms in university courses in elementary logic and human reasoning. Using a program written in Prolog+CG, some empirical studies have been carried out involving three groups of students in Denmark; one group of philosophy students...... and two groups of students of informatics. The skills of the students in syllogistic reasoning before and after the logic courses have been studied and are discussed. The empirical observations made with the program make it possible to identify syllogisms which are found difficult by the students, and...

  2. Theoretical physics 1 classical mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Nolting, Wolfgang

    2016-01-01

    This textbook offers a clear and comprehensive introduction to classical mechanics, one of the core components of undergraduate physics courses. The book starts with a thorough introduction to the mathematical tools needed, to make this textbook self-contained for learning. The second part of the book introduces the mechanics of the free mass point and details conservation principles. The third part expands the previous to mechanics of many particle systems. Finally the mechanics of the rigid body is illustrated with rotational forces, inertia and gyroscope movement. Ideally suited to undergraduate students in their first year, the book is enhanced throughout with learning features such as boxed inserts and chapter summaries, with key mathematical derivations highlighted to aid understanding. The text is supported by numerous worked examples and end of chapter problem sets. About the Theoretical Physics series Translated from the renowned and highly successful German editions, the eight volumes of this series...

  3. Hilbert space theory of classical electrodynamics

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    RAJAGOPAL A K; GHOSE PARTHA

    2016-06-01

    Classical electrodynamics is reformulated in terms of wave functions in the classical phase space of electrodynamics, following the Koopman–von Neumann–Sudarshan prescription for classical mechanics on Hilbert spaces sans the superselection rule which prohibits interference effects in classical mechanics. This is accomplished by transforming from a set of commutingobservables in one Hilbert space to another set of commuting observables in a larger Hilbert space. This is necessary to clarify the theoretical basis of the much recent work on quantum-like features exhibited by classical optics. Furthermore, following Bondar et al, {\\it Phys. Rev.} A 88, 052108 (2013), it is pointed out that quantum processes that preserve the positivity or nonpositivity of theWigner function can be implemented by classical optics. This may be useful in interpreting quantum information processing in terms of classical optics.

  4. Petrographic, geochemical and isotopic evidence of crustal assimilation processes in the Ponte Nova alkaline mafic-ultramafic massif, SE Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azzone, Rogério Guitarrari; Montecinos Munoz, Patricio; Enrich, Gaston Eduardo Rojas; Alves, Adriana; Ruberti, Excelso; Gomes, Celsode Barros

    2016-09-01

    Crustal assimilation plus crystal fractionation processes of different basanite magma batches control the evolution of the Ponte Nova cretaceous alkaline mafic-ultramafic massif in SE Brazil. This massif is composed of several intrusions, the main ones with a cumulate character. Disequilibrium features in the early-crystallized phases (e.g., corrosion and sieve textures in cores of clinopyroxene crystals, spongy-cellular-textured plagioclase crystals, gulf corrosion texture in olivine crystals) and classical hybridization textures (e.g., blade biotite and acicular apatite crystals) provide strong evidence of open-system behavior. All samples are olivine- and nepheline-normative rocks with basic-ultrabasic and potassic characters and variable incompatible element enrichments. The wide ranges of whole-rock 87Sr/86Sri and 143Nd/144Ndi ratios (0.70432-0.70641 and 0.512216-0.512555, respectively) are indicative of crustal contribution from the Precambrian basement host rocks. Plagioclase and apatite 87Sr/86Sr ratios (0.70422-0.70927) obtained for the most primitive samples of each intrusion indicate disequilibrium conditions from early- to principal-crystallization stages. Isotope mixing-model curves between the least contaminated alkaline basic magma and heterogeneous local crustal components indicate that each intrusion of the massif is differentiated from the others by varied degrees of crustal contribution. The primary mechanisms of crustal contribution to the Ponte Nova massif involve the assimilation of host rock xenoliths during the development of the chamber environment and the assimilation of partial melts from the surrounding host rocks. Thermodynamic models using the melts algorithm indicate that parental alkaline basic magmas can be strongly affected by contamination processes subsequently to their initial stages of crystallization when there is sufficient energy to assimilate partial melts of crustal host rocks. The assimilation processes are considered to

  5. Meteorological impact of realistic Terra Nova Bay polynyas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morelli, Sandra

    2010-05-01

    The energy exchange between the ocean and the atmosphere in the Antarctic marginal sea ice zone is influenced by the extent of sea-ice cover. In areas of open water, a direct contact is established and intense energy exchanges occur, due to the large difference of temperature between the water and the air above it. This implies that the polynyas are areas where the ocean exchanges energy with the atmosphere and as a result they have an effect on the polar meteorology/climate. The work presented here concerns real polynya events in the region of Terra Nova Bay (TNB), Antarctica, where a recurring coastal polynya occurs nearby the Italian Antarctic Base. The aim is the study of the impact of polynyas on the atmosphere by three-dimensional numerical simulations. The ETA model (Mesinger et al., 2006) was used and ECMWF and NCEP data provided the initial and boundary conditions. The model had already been successfully used in the Antarctic area (Casini and Morelli, 2007) A polynya of realistic size (as observed by satellite image) was included in the initial conditions for the simulations and a study of the air circulation during the events is found in Morelli et al. (2007), Morelli and Casini (2008), Morelli et al. (2009). The Eta Model reproduced the evolution of upper and mod-level conditions in good agreement with AVHRR observations (Morelli, 2008, Morelli and Parmiggiani, 2009). Also, the simulated 10 m wind was well correlated with the observed extension of the polynya. In order to isolate the effect of the presence of the open water area on the structure of the atmospheric boundary layer and on the atmospheric circulation, further simulations were performed without the presence of the polynya, i.e. with its extent covered with sea ice. The numerical simulations show that the polynyas act to increase the speed of the air above them and generate strong heat fluxes that warm the air. The effects are found over and downwind the sea ice free area. Results from the Eta

  6. Constraining nova observables: direct measurements of resonance strengths in 33S(p,\\gamma)34Cl

    CERN Document Server

    Fallis, J; Bertone, P F; Bishop, S; Buchmann, L; Chen, A A; Christian, G; Clark, J A; D'Auria, J M; Davids, B; Deibel, C M; Fulton, B R; Greife, U; Guo, B; Hager, U; Herlitzius, C; Hutcheon, D A; José, J; Laird, A M; Li, E T; Li, Z H; Lian, G; Liu, W P; Martin, L; Nelson, K; Ottewell, D; Parker, P D; Reeve, S; Rojas, A; Ruiz, C; Setoodehnia, K; Sjue, S; Vockenhuber, C; Wang, Y B; Wrede, C

    2013-01-01

    The 33S(p,\\gamma)34Cl reaction is important for constraining predictions of certain isotopic abundances in oxygen-neon novae. Models currently predict as much as 150 times the solar abundance of 33S in oxygen-neon nova ejecta. This overproduction factor may, however, vary by orders of magnitude due to uncertainties in the 33S(p,\\gamma)34Cl reaction rate at nova peak temperatures. Depending on this rate, 33S could potentially be used as a diagnostic tool for classifying certain types of presolar grains. Better knowledge of the 33S(p,\\gamma)34Cl rate would also aid in interpreting nova observations over the S-Ca mass region and contribute to the firm establishment of the maximum endpoint of nova nucleosynthesis. Additionally, the total S elemental abundance which is affected by this reaction has been proposed as a thermometer to study the peak temperatures of novae. Previously, the 33S(p,\\gamma)34Cl reaction rate had only been studied directly down to resonance energies of 432 keV. However, for nova peak temper...

  7. The Radio Light Curve of the Gamma-Ray Nova in V407 CYG: Thermal Emission from the Ionized Symbiotic Envelope, Devoured from Within by the Nova Blast

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chomiuk, Laura; Krauss, Miriam I.; Rupen, Michael P.; Nelson, Thomas; Roy, Nirupam; Sokoloski, Jennifer L.; Mukai, Koji; Munari, Ulisse; Mioduszewski, Amy; Weston, Jeninfer; O'Brien, Tim J.; Eyres, Steward P. S.; Bode, Michael F.

    2012-01-01

    We present multi-frequency radio observations of the 2010 nova event in the symbiotic binary V407 Cygni, obtained with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) and spanning 1.45 GHz and 17.770 days following discovery. This nova.the first ever detected in gamma rays.shows a radio light curve dominated by the wind of the Mira giant companion, rather than the nova ejecta themselves. The radio luminosity grewas the wind became increasingly ionized by the nova outburst, and faded as the wind was violently heated from within by the nova shock. This study marks the first time that this physical mechanism has been shown to dominate the radio light curve of an astrophysical transient. We do not observe a thermal signature from the nova ejecta or synchrotron emission from the shock, due to the fact that these components were hidden behind the absorbing screen of the Mira wind. We estimate a mass-loss rate for the Mira wind of .Mw approximately equals 10(exp -6) Solar mass yr(exp -1). We also present the only radio detection of V407 Cyg before the 2010 nova, gleaned from unpublished 1993 archival VLA data, which shows that the radio luminosity of the Mira wind varies by a factor of 20 even in quiescence. Although V407 Cyg likely hosts a massive accreting white dwarf, making it a candidate progenitor system for a Type Ia supernova, the dense and radially continuous circumbinary material surrounding V407 Cyg is inconsistent with observational constraints on the environments of most Type Ia supernovae.

  8. Ten-year literature review of global endometrial ablation with the NovaSure® device

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gimpelson RJ

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Richard J Gimpelson Mercy Clinic, Minimally Invasive Gynecology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mercy Hospital St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA Abstract: This review examines the peer-reviewed literature describing prospective studies that report amenorrhea rates, patient satisfaction, and surgical reintervention rates following the NovaSure® endometrial ablation procedure. A search of the English-language literature published from 2000 to 2011 was conducted using PubMed. Ten prospective studies, six single-arm NovaSure trials, and four randomized controlled trials comparing the NovaSure procedure with other global endometrial ablation modalities met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed. The follow-up periods ranged from 6 to 60 months. Amenorrhea rates for the NovaSure procedure ranged from 30.0% to 75.0%. Patients who reported being satisfied with the NovaSure procedure ranged from 85.0% to 94.0%. In randomized controlled trials with other global endometrial ablation modalities, amenorrhea rates at 12 months with the NovaSure procedure ranged from 43.0% to 56.0%, while other modalities ranged from 8% to 24%. In addition, this manuscript reviews the following: the NovaSure technology; use of the NovaSure procedure in the office setting; intraoperative and postoperative pain; effects on premenstrual syndrome (PMS; dysmenorrhea; special circumstances, including presence of uterine disease, history of cesarean delivery, coagulopathy, or use of anticoagulant medication; post-procedure uterine cavity assessment and cancer risk; contraception and pregnancy; and safety. Keywords: abnormal uterine bleeding, menorrhagia, endometrial ablation, NovaSure®

  9. Religious ecstasy in classical Sufism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Göran Ogén

    1982-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this essay is to shed some light on the phenomenon of religious ecstasy as met within Islamic mysticism and there particularly during its classical period. In this case, the expression "classical Sufism" refers to the period of Sufi history from about 850 A.D. until circa 1100 A.D. In the Sufi vocabulary there is even a rather differentiated terminology concerning these ecstatic experiences or states; whether different descriptions of one and the same experience are involved or whether the terms actually describe different experiences is a question that we must set aside for the present. There are, however, Sufis expressing the opinion that these different states of mind are based on one single experience in spite of the difference in terms. A generic term for these experiences or states is not to be found in the Sufi terminology however, so the problem of which of these phenomena must be present in order for ecstasy to be evidenced—or which of them would be sufficient— does not therefore arise for the Sufis. So instead of speaking of religious ecstasy in general, they either refer to the single specific terms in question or else use the plural of one of the words employed to designate one of the terms we include in "religious ecstasy". They thus speak of "ecstasies", mawagid from the singular form wagd—if one should at all attempt a translation of this plural. This plural is a genuine Sufi construction and does not otherwise seem to occur in the Arabic language, except as a later borrowing. Psalmody based on the Koranic vocabulary remains the main procedure for putting oneself in ecstasy. If we add 'and listening to psalmody', we then obtain a fairly satisfactory picture of the external conditions for the Sufis' ecstasy until the eleventh century, when various innovations begin to appear. As far as the darwiš-dance is concerned, it is not until the thirteenth century with Rumi that it becomes transformed from an expression

  10. Target plane imaging system for the Nova laser

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nova laser, in operation since December 1984, is capable of irradiating targets with light at 1.05 μm, 0.53 μm, and 0.35 μm. Correct alignment of these harmonic beams uses a system called a target plane imager (TPI). It is a large microscope (four meters long, weighing one thousand kilograms) that relays images from the target chamber center to a video optics module located on the outside of the chamber. Several modes of operation are possible including: near-field viewing and far-field viewing at three magnifications and three wavelengths. In addition, the entire instrument can be scanned in X,Y,Z to examine various planes near chamber center. Performance of this system and its computer controls will be described

  11. Quiescent and outburst photometry of the dwarf nova SS Cygni

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Honey, W.B.; Bath, G.T.; Charles, P.A. and others

    1989-02-01

    It has been suggested that the wide outbursts of U Gem stars are analogous to the wide or 'super' outbursts of SU UMa stars and hence that the basic mechanism which gives rise to the two types of outburst is the same. If this is true, then the U Gem type stars should also exhibit some of the more exotic properties associated with superoutbursts in SU UMa stars, in particular superhumps. In order to test this hypothesis, extensive photometric observations of a wide and a narrow outburst (and also the period of quiescence separating them) of the dwarf nova SS Cygni were obtained in order to search for modulations at or near the orbital period. No such modulations were found in either the wide or narrow outbursts to a limit of /similar to/ 0.05 mag.

  12. NSV 1907 - A new eclipsing, nova-like cataclysmic variable

    CERN Document Server

    Hümmerich, Stefan; Hambsch, Franz-Josef; Dubois, Franky; Ashley, Richard; Gänsicke, Boris T; Vanaverbeke, Siegfried; Bernhard, Klaus; Wils, Patrick

    2016-01-01

    NSV 1907, formerly listed as an irregular variable in variability catalogues, was classified as an Algol-type eclipsing binary in the Catalina Surveys Periodic Variable Star Catalogue. We have identified NSV 1907 as an ultraviolet (UV) bright source using measurements from the GALEX space telescope and detected obvious out-of-eclipse variability in archival photometric data from the Catalina Sky Survey, which instigated a closer examination of the object. A spectrum and extensive multicolour photometric observations were acquired, from which we deduce that NSV 1907 is a deeply eclipsing, nova-like cataclysmic variable. Apart from the orbital variations (deep eclipses with a period of P ~ 6.63 hours), changes in mean brightness and irregular short-term variability (flickering) were observed. The presence of a secondary minimum at phase phi ~ 0.5 was established, which indicates a significant contribution of the companion star to the optical flux of the system. We find possible evidence for sinusoidal variation...

  13. Novae and Supernovae Searches with the Super-LOTIS Telescope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, G. G.; Park, H. S.; Hartmann, D. H.; Porrata, R. A.

    2000-05-01

    The Super-LOTIS (Livermore Optical Transient Imaging System) telescope is a fully automated robotic telescope dedicated to the search for simultaneous and early-time optical counterparts of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Since GRB follow-up observations account for only a small fraction of the Super-LOTIS schedule, the system is available for conducting additional wide-field surveys. Super-LOTIS consists of an f/3.5 60 cm reflector equipped with a prime focus cooled CCD camera. The 2048 x 2048 array yields a total field-of-view of 51' x 51' and a pixel scale of 1.5". This automated system is capable of covering 400 fields (290 sq. deg.) per night to a limiting magnitude of approximately 18.5 (30 s). Super-LOTIS has recently been relocated to Steward Observatory's Kitt Peak site. We will present initial results from a search for novae and supernovae in nearby galaxies.

  14. One Thousand New Dwarf Novae from the OGLE Survey

    CERN Document Server

    Mroz, P; Poleski, R; Pietrukowicz, P; Szymanski, M K; Soszynski, I; Wyrzykowski, L; Ulaczyk, K; Kozlowski, S; Skowron, J

    2016-01-01

    We present one of the largest collections of dwarf novae (DNe) containing 1091 objects that have been discovered in the long-term photometric data from the Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment (OGLE) survey. They were found in the OGLE fields toward the Galactic bulge and the Magellanic Clouds. We analyze basic photometric properties of all systems and tentatively find a population of DNe from the Galactic bulge. We identify several dozen of WZ Sge-type DN candidates, including two with superhump periods longer than 0.09 d. Other interesting objects include SU UMa-type stars with "early" precursor outbursts or a Z Cam-type star showing outbursts during standstills. We also provide a list of DNe which will be observed during the K2 Campaign 9 microlensing experiment in 2016. Finally, we present the new OGLE-IV real-time data analysis system: CVOM, which has been designed to provide continuous real time photometric monitoring of selected CVs.

  15. High convergence, indirect drive inertial confinement fusion experiments at Nova

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High convergence, indirect drive implosion experiments have been done at the Nova Laser Facility. The targets were deuterium and deuterium/tritium filled, glass microballoons driven symmetrically by x rays produced in a surrounding uranium hohlraum. Implosions achieved convergence ratios of 24:1 with fuel densities of 19 g/cm3; this is equivalent to the range required for the hot spot of ignition scale capsules. The implosions used a shaped drive and were well characterized by a variety of laser and target measurements. The primary measurement was the fuel density using the secondary neutron technique (neutrons from the reaction 2H(3H,n)4He in initially pure deuterium fuel). Laser measurements include power, energy and pointing. Simultaneous measurement of neutron yield, fusion reaction rate, and x-ray images provide additional information about the implosion process. Computer models are in good agreement with measurement results. copyright 1996 American Institute of Physics

  16. Safety evaluation studies: Sissiboo River Hydro System, Nova Scotia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Safety evaluation studies of hydraulic structures are becoming an integral part of the operation and maintenance programs for dam owners in Canada. The Nova Scotia Power Corporation has commenced a program to conduct dam safety evaluations of all their dams of significant size. The study includes the evaluation of the probable maximum flood (PMF) and its basinwide effects. A description is presented of the Sissiboo River hydroelectric system, evaluation of PMF and basinwide flood studies including probable maximum precipitation and a basin simulation model, selection of the inflow design flood, and site-specific evaluations including site inspection, geotechnical investigation, and stability analysis. Recommended remedial works for Sissiboo developments are presented. 14 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs

  17. Advanced neutron diagnostics for the Nova laser facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors report on recent work addressing advanced neutron diagnostics to be implemented on the Nova laser facility. The goals of these instruments are to measure the following properties of laser fusion targets: compressed fuel areal-density (Rho-R), time-duration, and spatial extent of the neutron emission. The authors will discuss the use of a noval time-of-flight system, radiochemical techniques, and the use of plastic track detectors to measure the compressed Rho-R. The authors will present the design of two proposed instruments to measure the burn time; one uses a sandwich of thin layers of plastic scintillator and uranium coupled to a streak camera while the other design makes use of a neutron sensitive transmission line. Finally, the authors will discuss methods capable of obtaining neutron images of the compressed pellet core

  18. Uses of ORACLE in the Nova Laser Control System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nova Laser System is a large-scale fusion experiment being constructed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Modern control system technology is required to efficiently manage the thousands of devices needed to operate the system. In order to reduce the requirements on the operations staff, much of the system is being automated. This requires a significant knowledge base including frequently used system configurations and device parameters. We will be using ORACLE to provide this information to the control system. To insure the control-system integrity, ORACLE will be used to maintain information about the control-system software. This information will be used to document the system as well as help track down problems. ORACLE will also be used to maintain data on the system performance. This data will be analyzed to optimize the laser performance and point out when maintenance is required

  19. On the nature of the old nova CP Puppis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report on nearly 48 hr of high speed photometry of the ex-nova CP Pup, obtained at Sutherland or Mount Stromlo, and 23 hr of spectroscopic coverage from Sutherland, during the period 1985-88. Analysis of the photometry and radial velocities derived from the spectroscopy gives a modulation period of 0.06143 d, free from the alias problems inherent in previous work, and identical for both photometry and spectroscopy. Measurements of the radial velocity semi-amplitude give values of ∼200 km s -1 near the emission line centres, decreasing to ∼120 km s -1 in the line wings, but with variations in phase across the line profile. There is evidence for repetitive fine structure in the line profiles, but at a level too low to study in detail with the present spectra. (author)

  20. High resolution spectra of novae and the quadratic zeeman effect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Williams

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Los espectros de alta resoluci on de novas despu es de las erupciones revelan caracter sticas distintivas en los per les e intensidades de las l neas. Las l neas de Balmer m as altas son frecuentemente m as anchas que los miembros m as bajos de la serie, y los per les e intensidades relativos del doblete [O I] 6300, 6364 di eren de los valores normales. Nosotros sugerimos que estos aspectos pueden ser producidos por el efecto cuadr atico Zeeman desde campos magn eticos que exceden B=106 gauss. Tomadas juntas, las l neas de emisi on y absorci on indican m ultiples or genes para los materiales expulsados, tanto en las enanas blancas eruptivas como en las estrellas secundarias fr as.