WorldWideScience

Sample records for classes of living things

  1. Primary students' conceptions of living things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legaspi, Britt Anne

    Elementary school teachers are pressed for time throughout the instructional day to teach all curricular areas as expected by states and districts because of the current focus on reading and mathematics. Thus, foundational science concepts may be overlooked. For example, students' understandings of living and nonliving things may be overlooked by teachers, yet is useful in understanding the nature of living things. In this qualitative study, K-3 grade students were asked to sort objects as either living or nonliving and to give rationales for their choices. It was found that K-3 students readily used physical characteristics, such as having body parts, and physical abilities, such as being able to move, as criteria for living things. Students in grades 1 through 3 were able to articulate their reasons with more adult-like logic based on Jean Piaget' s research on developmental stages.

  2. Persistence of the Intuitive Conception of Living Things in Adolescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babai, Reuven; Sekal, Rachel; Stavy, Ruth

    2010-02-01

    This study investigated whether intuitive, naive conceptions of "living things" based on objects' mobility (movement = alive) persist into adolescence and affect 10th graders' accuracy of responses and reaction times during object classification. Most of the 58 students classified the test objects correctly as living/nonliving, yet they demonstrated significantly longer reaction times for classifying plants compared to animals and for classifying dynamic objects compared to static inanimate objects. Findings indicated that, despite prior learning in biology, the intuitive conception of living things persists up to age 15-16 years, affecting related reasoning processes. Consideration of these findings may help educators in their decisions about the nature of examples they use in their classrooms.

  3. How Do Young Children Deal with Hybrids of Living and Non-Living Things: The Case of Humanoid Robots

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saylor, Megan M.; Somanader, Mark; Levin, Daniel T.; Kawamura, Kazuhiko

    2010-01-01

    In this experiment, we tested children's intuitions about entities that bridge the contrast between living and non-living things. Three- and four-year-olds were asked to attribute a range of properties associated with living things and machines to novel category-defying complex artifacts (humanoid robots), a familiar living thing (a girl), and a…

  4. Parent-child talk about the origins of living things.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tenenbaum, Harriet R; Hohenstein, Jill M

    2016-10-01

    This study examined relations between 124 British children's and their parents' endorsements about the origins of three living things (human, non-human animal, and plant) as reported on questionnaires. In addition to completing questionnaires, half of the sample discussed the origins of entities (n=64) in parent-child dyads before completing the questionnaires. The 7-year-old age group endorsed creationism more than evolution, and the 10-year-old age group endorsed both concepts equally for all three living things. Children's endorsements were correlated with their parents' endorsements for all three living things. Children's endorsement of evolutionary theory was more closely related to parent-child conversational mentions of evolution than to parents' endorsement of evolutionary theory in questionnaires. A similar pattern was found for children's endorsement of creationism. Parent-child conversations did not consistently invoke evolution or creationism even when parents endorsed a particular theory. Findings are interpreted in relation to the pivotal role of joint collaborative conversation in children's appropriation of scientific content. PMID:27388483

  5. Marine living thing processing system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marine living things collected upon cleaning of a seawater intake channel are sent to a solid/liquid separator. Discharged liquids containing separated sludges enter a coagulation/precipitation vessel. Condensed sludges precipitated in the vessel are sent to a dehydrator and converted into dehydrated cakes. On the other hand, supernatants discharged from the coagulation/precipitation vessel are sent to an ultra-filtration vessel and an active carbon vessel and then discharged to the sea area at improved the water quality. Further, the dehydrated cakes comprising condensed sluges are dried by a dryer, burnt in an incinerator and then processed as wastes. On the other hand, solid materials separated by the solid/liquid separator such as shells, are crushed finely by the crusher, then dried by an air stream dryer, baked in a high temperature baking furnace to form quick lime. The quick lime is sent to a digester and modified by hydration into slaked lime and it is shipped as slaked lime products. This can simplify the control for the operation and reduce the running cost. Further, resources of marine living (shells) can be utilized. (I.N.)

  6. When a Bilingual Child Describes Living Things: An Analysis of Conceptual Understandings from a Language Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salleh, Romaizah; Venville, Grady J.; Treagust, David F.

    2007-07-01

    With increasing numbers of students learning science through a second language in many school contexts, there is a need for research to focus on the impact language has on students’ understanding of science concepts. Like other countries, Brunei has adopted a bilingual system of education that incorporates two languages in imparting its curriculum. For the first three years of school, Brunei children are taught in Malay and then for the remainder of their education, instruction is in English. This research is concerned with the influence that this bilingual education system has on children’s learning of science. The purpose was to document the patterns of Brunei students’ developing understandings of the concepts of living and non-living things and examine the impact in the change in language as the medium of instruction. A cross-sectional case study design was used in one primary school. Data collection included an interview ( n = 75), which consisted of forced-response and semi-structured interview questions, a categorisation task and classroom observation. Data were analysed quantitatively and qualitatively. The results indicate that the transition from Malay to English as the language of instruction from Primary 4 onwards restricted the students’ ability to express their understandings about living things, to discuss related scientific concepts and to interpret and analyse scientific questions. From a social constructivist perspective these language factors will potentially impact on the students’ cognitive development by limiting the expected growth of the students’ understandings of the concepts of living and non-living things.

  7. "Living in a world of things that people have made" "Living in a world of things that people have made"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Westermann

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available Der Titel der Rezension paraphrasiert den einleitenden Satz des Sammelbands. Um gegenwärtige westliche Gesellschaften zu verstehen, müssen, so die Botschaft, auch die materiellen Strukturen von Gesellschaft in den Blick genommen werden. MacKenzie/Wajcman stellen ihr gegen einen starken Technikdeterminismus konzipiertes Forschungsprogramm vor, das die soziale Gestaltung von Technik betont. Technische Objekte und Arrangements sind von ihrem sozialen Kontext geprägt. Ökonomische und kulturelle Entstehungs- wie Implementierungsbedingungen schlagen sich in technischen Strukturen nieder, ein Prozess, der für die sozialen Muster wiederum stabilisierend wirkt.The title of this review paraphrases the introductory sentence of this collection of essays. MacKenzie and Wjcman argue that in order to understand contemporary Western societies one has to take into account the material resources upon which social relationships are based. Writing against technological determinism, MacKenzie and Wajcman introduce a research programme which emphasises the social shaping of technology. Technological objects and arrangements are shaped by their social context. Both the economic and the cultural conditions of innovation and implemention are ‘embodied’ in technological structures, and thus help stabilise social patterns.

  8. A survey on the experiences about biological experiment and observation and, domestication of living things in the secondary school

    OpenAIRE

    Ohshika, Kiyoyuki; Sato, Takayuki; Muko, Heiwa; Takeshita, Shunji; Torigoe, Kenji

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to investigate the experiences of experiment and observation, and domestication of living things in the secondary school biology. The questionnaire item were as followed: the number of experiences about experiment and observation in the secondary school biology, the number of experiences using microscope in the school, the number of experiences in field activity, the experience and the name of variety of living things for domestication and so on. The result of...

  9. The disparity mutagenesis model predicts rescue of living things from catastrophic errors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitsuru eFurusawa

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In animals including humans, mutation rates per generation will exceed a perceived threshold, which should result in an excessive genetic load. Despite this, they have survived without extinction. This is a perplexing problem for human genetics, arising at the end of the last century, and to date still does not have a fully satisfactory explanation. Shortly after we proposed the disparity theory of evolution in 1992, the disparity mutagenesis model was proposed, which forms the basis for an explanation for an acceleration of evolution and species survival. This model predicts a significant increase of the mutation threshold values if there is a high enough fidelity difference in replication between the lagging and leading strands. When applied to biological evolution, the model predicts that living things, including humans, might overcome the lethal effect of accumulated deleterious mutations and be able to survive. Artificially-prepared mutator strains of microorganisms, in which an enhanced lagging-strand-biased mutagenesis was introduced, showed unexpectedly high adaptability to severe environments. The implications of the striking behaviors shown by these disparity mutators will be discussed in relation to how living things with high mutation rates can avoid the self-defeating risk of excess mutations.

  10. A Cloud-Based Internet of Things Platform for Ambient Assisted Living

    OpenAIRE

    Javier Cubo; Adrián Nieto; Ernesto Pimentel

    2014-01-01

    A common feature of ambient intelligence is that many objects are inter-connected and act in unison, which is also a challenge in the Internet of Things. There has been a shift in research towards integrating both concepts, considering the Internet of Things as representing the future of computing and communications. However, the efficient combination and management of heterogeneous things or devices in the ambient intelligence domain is still a tedious task, and it presents crucial challeng...

  11. A cloud-based Internet of Things platform for ambient assisted living.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cubo, Javier; Nieto, Adrián; Pimentel, Ernesto

    2014-01-01

    A common feature of ambient intelligence is that many objects are inter-connected and act in unison, which is also a challenge in the Internet of Things. There has been a shift in research towards integrating both concepts, considering the Internet of Things as representing the future of computing and communications. However, the efficient combination and management of heterogeneous things or devices in the ambient intelligence domain is still a tedious task, and it presents crucial challenges. Therefore, to appropriately manage the inter-connection of diverse devices in these systems requires: (1) specifying and efficiently implementing the devices (e.g., as services); (2) handling and verifying their heterogeneity and composition; and (3) standardizing and managing their data, so as to tackle large numbers of systems together, avoiding standalone applications on local servers. To overcome these challenges, this paper proposes a platform to manage the integration and behavior-aware orchestration of heterogeneous devices as services, stored and accessed via the cloud, with the following contributions: (i) we describe a lightweight model to specify the behavior of devices, to determine the order of the sequence of exchanged messages during the composition of devices; (ii) we define a common architecture using a service-oriented standard environment, to integrate heterogeneous devices by means of their interfaces, via a gateway, and to orchestrate them according to their behavior; (iii) we design a framework based on cloud computing technology, connecting the gateway in charge of acquiring the data from the devices with a cloud platform, to remotely access and monitor the data at run-time and react to emergency situations; and (iv) we implement and generate a novel cloud-based IoT platform of behavior-aware devices as services for ambient intelligence systems, validating the whole approach in real scenarios related to a specific ambient assisted living application

  12. A Cloud-Based Internet of Things Platform for Ambient Assisted Living

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cubo, Javier; Nieto, Adrián; Pimentel, Ernesto

    2014-01-01

    A common feature of ambient intelligence is that many objects are inter-connected and act in unison, which is also a challenge in the Internet of Things. There has been a shift in research towards integrating both concepts, considering the Internet of Things as representing the future of computing and communications. However, the efficient combination and management of heterogeneous things or devices in the ambient intelligence domain is still a tedious task, and it presents crucial challenges. Therefore, to appropriately manage the inter-connection of diverse devices in these systems requires: (1) specifying and efficiently implementing the devices (e.g., as services); (2) handling and verifying their heterogeneity and composition; and (3) standardizing and managing their data, so as to tackle large numbers of systems together, avoiding standalone applications on local servers. To overcome these challenges, this paper proposes a platform to manage the integration and behavior-aware orchestration of heterogeneous devices as services, stored and accessed via the cloud, with the following contributions: (i) we describe a lightweight model to specify the behavior of devices, to determine the order of the sequence of exchanged messages during the composition of devices; (ii) we define a common architecture using a service-oriented standard environment, to integrate heterogeneous devices by means of their interfaces, via a gateway, and to orchestrate them according to their behavior; (iii) we design a framework based on cloud computing technology, connecting the gateway in charge of acquiring the data from the devices with a cloud platform, to remotely access and monitor the data at run-time and react to emergency situations; and (iv) we implement and generate a novel cloud-based IoT platform of behavior-aware devices as services for ambient intelligence systems, validating the whole approach in real scenarios related to a specific ambient assisted living application

  13. A Cloud-Based Internet of Things Platform for Ambient Assisted Living

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Cubo

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available A common feature of ambient intelligence is that many objects are inter-connected and act in unison, which is also a challenge in the Internet of Things. There has been a shift in research towards integrating both concepts, considering the Internet of Things as representing the future of computing and communications. However, the efficient combination and management of heterogeneous things or devices in the ambient intelligence domain is still a tedious task, and it presents crucial challenges. Therefore, to appropriately manage the inter-connection of diverse devices in these systems requires: (1 specifying and efficiently implementing the devices (e.g., as services; (2 handling and verifying their heterogeneity and composition; and (3 standardizing and managing their data, so as to tackle large numbers of systems together, avoiding standalone applications on local servers. To overcome these challenges, this paper proposes a platform to manage the integration and behavior-aware orchestration of heterogeneous devices as services, stored and accessed via the cloud, with the following contributions: (i we describe a lightweight model to specify the behavior of devices, to determine the order of the sequence of exchanged messages during the composition of devices; (ii we define a common architecture using a service-oriented standard environment, to integrate heterogeneous devices by means of their interfaces, via a gateway, and to orchestrate them according to their behavior; (iii we design a framework based on cloud computing technology, connecting the gateway in charge of acquiring the data from the devices with a cloud platform, to remotely access and monitor the data at run-time and react to emergency situations; and (iv we implement and generate a novel cloud-based IoT platform of behavior-aware devices as services for ambient intelligence systems, validating the whole approach in real scenarios related to a specific ambient assisted living

  14. Living things, the human genome, and patents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warcoin, J

    2001-12-01

    For many years, patents and living things have not gotten along well in people's minds; nevertheless, patents are a real right. Even though people accept that a farmer can own a cow or that a Parisian can own a dog, they do not seem to understand that it is possible to patent a recombinant micro-organism or a DNA sequence. This is probably because industrial property is a hybrid concept, which mixes rights and science. Thus, this field is prone to misunderstanding by scientists and jurists, because of its juridical aspects for the former and because of its scientific aspects for the latter. The general public,as a result has two avenues of extravagant questioning to follow and consider. Finally, if industrial property is applied to a living phenomenon, it is often almost impossible to explain in layman's terms the ins and outs of the problems that may arise. PMID:11838955

  15. Young children learning about living things: A case study of conceptual change from ontological and social perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venville, Grady

    2004-05-01

    Although research from a developmental/psychological perspective indicates that many children do not have a scientific understanding of living things, even by the age of 10 years, little research has been conducted about how students learn this science topic in the classroom. This exploratory research used a case-study design and qualitative data-collection methods to investigate the process of conceptual change from ontological and social perspectives when Year 1 (5- and 6-year-old) students were learning about living things. Most students were found to think about living things with either stable, nonscientific or stable, scientific framework theories. Transitional phases of understanding also were identified. Patterns of conceptual change observed over the 5-week period of instruction included theory change and belief revision as well as reversals in beliefs. The predominant pattern of learning, however, was the assimilation of facts and information into the students' preferred framework theory. The social milieu of the classroom context exposed students' scientific and nonscientific beliefs that influenced other individuals in a piecemeal fashion. Children with nonscientific theories of living things were identified as being least able to benefit from socially constructed, scientific knowledge; hence, recommendations are made for teaching that focuses on conceptual change strategies rather than knowledge enrichment.

  16. "The Echo of Things": The Lives of Photographs in the Solomon Islands

    OpenAIRE

    Wright, Chris

    2013-01-01

    The Echo of Things is a compelling ethnographic study of what photography means to the people of Roviana Lagoon in the western Solomon Islands. Christopher Wright examines the contemporary uses of photography and expectations of the medium in Roviana, as well as people's reactions to photographs made by colonial powers in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. For Roviana people, photographs are unique objects; they are not reproducible, as they are in Euro-American understandings...

  17. TO THE QUESTION OF BUYING AND SELLING LIVING QUARTERS CONTRACT’S PECULIARITIES, CORRESPONDING TO THE ECONOMY CLASS LIVING RATING CONDITIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neteshinskaya L. F.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the questions connected to the buying and selling quarters contract’s peculiarities investigation, corresponding to the economy class living rating conditions. It is specified to the factors which are the obstacles for the accessible and comfortable housing in Russia. As a result, it is found out that the following relations regulated by the Federal Law, not by the Civil Law. Peculiarities of such kind of contracts, at first, connected with the object of contract’s investigation. As a reason, it is necessary to work out and affirm conditions when living quarters correspond to the economy class living rating. Special attention in the following article is paid to the specification of the conditions. One of the important things, which characterize the contract, is its subject compound. While law investigation it was found out parties of the buying and selling living quarters contract, corresponding to the economy class living rating conditions. We have also brought out the citizens’ class, having right to purchase economy class living. We have determined them as poor families, having many children and law level of income citizens

  18. What was historical about natural history? Contingency and explanation in the science of living things.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Peter

    2016-08-01

    There is a long-standing distinction in Western thought between scientific and historical modes of explanation. According to Aristotle's influential account of scientific knowledge there cannot be an explanatory science of what is contingent and accidental, such things being the purview of a descriptive history. This distinction between scientia and historia continued to inform assumptions about scientific explanation into the nineteenth century and is particularly significant when considering the emergence of biology and its displacement of the more traditional discipline of natural history. One of the consequences of this nineteenth-century transition was that while modern evolutionary theory retained significant, if often implicit, historical components, these were often overlooked as evolutionary biology sought to accommodate itself to a model of scientific explanation that involved appeals to laws of nature. These scientific aspirations of evolutionary biology sometimes sit uncomfortably with its historical dimension. This tension lies beneath recent philosophical critiques of evolutionary theory and its modes of explanation. Such critiques, however, overlook the fact that there are legitimate modes of historical explanation that do not require recourse to laws of nature. But responding to these criticisms calls for a more explicit recognition of the affinities between evolutionary biology and history. PMID:26795077

  19. How Things Work, an Enrichment Class for Middle School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goller, Tamara; Watson, Nancy; Watson, James

    1998-05-01

    Middle School students are curious about their surroundings. They are always asking questions about how things work. So this semester two middle school science teachers and a physicist combined their strengths and taught HOW THINGS WORK, THE PHYSICS OF EVERYDAY LIFE (a book by Louis A. Bloomfield). The students studied the physics behind everyday objects to see how they worked. They read, discussed the physics, and completed laboratory exercises using lasers, cameras, and other objects. Each student then picked an inventor that interested him/her and used the INTERNET to research the inventor and made a class presentation. For the final project, each students use the physics they learned and became an inventor and made an invention.

  20. Cell Surface Receptor Theory of Disease Infectivity; Body's Defence and Normal Body Functioning in Living Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Utoh-Nedosa

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: A study of the pattern of Candida spp. infection of the human body and the mode and pattern of reaction of the human body to this infection showed that disease infectivity and self healing by plants followed the same procedures and patterns. Approach: A comparism of these procedures and patterns of natural self- healing of disease infection by the human body and plants/plant parts with the cutaneous Candida spp. killing and elimination procedures and patterns of Vernonia amygdalina leaf extract, showed that cell surface receptors are the sites through which disease infects the body and also the sites at which the body is defended. They are also the sites where activities which result in normal body functioning are carried out. The mode and patterns of Cutaneous Candida infection in a human subject and its containment by the body was examined and photographed. The disease infection and self healing procedures and patterns of plants were also examined in comparism with those of their healthy counterparts and photographed. The findings from the observations on disease infectivity and natural body’s defence patterns and procedures of the plant parts studied and those of the human body in reaction to Candida spp. infection were compared with those of the Candida spp. killing procedures and patterns of aqueous and Arachis hypogeal oil extract of Vernonia amygdalina leaf. Results: The findings of this study also showed that disease-infective organisms gain access to the body of a host through attachment to the cell surface receptors of that host which are placed linearly and are interconnected by channels. The results of the study also indicated that living organisms have a main endogenous substance that mediates both their body’s defence and their normal physiological functioning which is therefore the owner of the cell surface receptor. Other endogenous substances which participate in normal body functioning/body’s defence or in

  1. The Internet of Things

    CERN Document Server

    Greengard, Samuel

    2015-01-01

    We turn on the lights in our house from a desk in an office miles away. Our refrigerator alerts us to buy milk on the way home. A package of cookies on the supermarket shelf suggests that we buy it, based on past purchases. The cookies themselves are on the shelf because of a "smart" supply chain. When we get home, the thermostat has already adjusted the temperature so that it's toasty or bracing, whichever we prefer. This is the Internet of Things -- a networked world of connected devices, objects, and people. In this book, Samuel Greengard offers a guided tour through this emerging world and how it will change the way we live and work. Greengard explains that the Internet of Things (IoT) is still in its early stages. Smart phones, cloud computing, RFID (radio-frequency identification) technology, sensors, and miniaturization are converging to make possible a new generation of embedded and immersive technology. Greengard traces the origins of the IoT from the early days of personal computers and the Internet...

  2. Learning Internet of Things

    CERN Document Server

    Waher, Peter

    2015-01-01

    If you're a developer or electronics engineer who is curious about Internet of Things, then this is the book for you. With only a rudimentary understanding of electronics, Raspberry Pi, or similar credit-card sized computers, and some programming experience using managed code such as C# or Java, you will be taught to develop state-of-the-art solutions for Internet of Things in an instant.

  3. We have not lived through such a thing: ''photography and the expression of romantic love''

    OpenAIRE

    Yeşil, Sündüz Cemre; Yesil, Sunduz Cemre

    2012-01-01

    This research is about the relationship between photography and romantic love; The need for 'love' and the need for 'memory photography' are in a way similar; they both serve as illusions of togetherness. They are both reflections of the self and they are both proofs of liveliness. Memory photographs have always coexisted with the feeling of love; but in our era where we have various media which allow for sharing, love can not exist without photography either. This thesis is an analysis of th...

  4. Structure of Living Things

    OpenAIRE

    Kemppinen, Mari

    2011-01-01

    Opinnäytetyöni on kaupallinen naisten syksy/talvi mallisto, joka on saanut inspiraationsa hip hop –kulttuurista ja etenkin sen musiikista, pukeutumisesta ja tanssista. Työssäni olen myös pohtinut liikkeen ja rytmin ilmenemistä vaatteessa. Lähteinä on käytetty kirjallisuutta, musiikkia, musiikkivideoita ja elokuvia. Tavoitteena on ollut luoda mallisto, jonka väreistä, materiaaleista ja muotokielestä koostuu tasapainoinen kokonaisuus ja jonka tuotteet ovat idearikkaita, selkeitä ja käyttö...

  5. Advance Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Lei; Mitton, Nathalie

    2011-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of Internet-enabled objects, whose original purpose would be to interconnect all things in our daily life to build an alwaysconnected world. However, most of studies in the current IoT scientific community only focus on the radio-frequency identification (RFID) and wireless sensor network (WSN) based objects and lose the generality features endowed by the original definition of IoT. Furthermore, the emergence and proliferation of smart objects have be...

  6. Living Contradictions and Working for Change: Toward a Theory of Social Class-Sensitive Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Stephanie; Vagle, Mark D.

    2013-01-01

    This essay describes a vision of social class-sensitive pedagogy aimed at disrupting endemic classism in schools. We argue persistent upward mobility discourses construct classist hierarchies in schools and classroom practice and are founded on misunderstandings of work, lived experiences of social class, and the broader social and economic…

  7. Resonance of Unseen Things

    OpenAIRE

    Lepselter, Susan

    2016-01-01

    The Resonance of Unseen Things offers an ethnographic meditation on the “uncanny” persistence and cultural freight of conspiracy theory. The project is a reading of conspiracy theory as an index of a certain strain of late 20th-century American despondency and malaise, especially as understood by people experiencing downward social mobility. Written by a cultural anthropologist with a literary background, this deeply interdisciplinary book focuses on the enduring American preoccupation with c...

  8. "He Was a Bit of a Delicate Thing": White Middle-Class Boys, Gender, School Choice and Parental Anxiety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Katya; Jamieson, Fiona; Hollingworth, Sumi

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of gender on white middle-class parents' anxiety about choosing inner-city comprehensives and their children's subsequent experiences within school, particularly in relation to social mixing. Drawing on interview data from an ESRC funded study of white middle-class parents whose children attend inner-city…

  9. Privacy in the Internet of Things: Threats and Challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Ziegeldorf, Jan Henrik; Morchon, Oscar Garcia; Wehrle, Klaus

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things paradigm envisions the pervasive interconnection and cooperation of smart things over the current and future Internet infrastructure. The Internet of Things is, thus, the evolution of the Internet to cover the real-world, enabling many new services that will improve people's everyday lives, spawn new businesses and make buildings, cities and transport smarter. Smart things allow indeed for ubiquitous data collection or tracking, but these useful features are also exampl...

  10. The Internet of Things and The Web of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Baccelli, Emmanuel; Raggett, Dave

    2015-01-01

    International audience The Internet of Things is creating a new world, a quantifiable and measureable world, where people and businesses can manage their assets in better informed ways, and can make more timely and better informed decisions about what they want or need to do. This new con-nected world brings with it fundamental changes to society and to consumers. This special issue of ERCIM News thus focuses on various relevant aspects of the Internet of Things and the Web of Things.

  11. Comparison of Group Cohesion, Class Participation, and Exam Performance in Live and Online Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galyon, Charles E.; Heaton, Eleanore C. T.; Best, Tiffany L.; Williams, Robert L.

    2016-01-01

    Though class participation and group cohesion have shown some potential to promote student performance in conventional classrooms, their efficacy has not yet been demonstrated in an online-class setting. Group cohesion, defined as member attraction to and self-identification with a group, is thought to promote positive interdependence and the…

  12. Protocol and Architecture to Bring Things into Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Ángel Asensio; Álvaro Marco; Rubén Blasco; Roberto Casas

    2014-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) concept proposes that everyday objects are globally accessible from the Internet and integrate into new services having a remarkable impact on our society. Opposite to Internet world, things usually belong to resource-challenged environments where energy, data throughput, and computing resources are scarce. Building upon existing standards in the field such as IEEE1451 and ZigBee and rooted in context semantics, this paper proposes CTP (Communication Things Protoc...

  13. Class, Gender, and Mobility: Unraveling the "Tangled Things."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cookson, Peter W., Jr.

    1990-01-01

    Reviews Sara Delamont's "Knowledgeable Women: Structuralism and the Reproduction of Elites" (1989), a feminist examination of the education of elite women which provides many insights into how gender and class operate within the dominant classes. (DM)

  14. A Platform for Learning Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogdanovic, Zorica; Simic, Konstantin; Milutinovic, Miloš; Radenkovic, Božidar; Despotovic-Zrakic, Marijana

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a model for conducting Internet of Things (IoT) classes based on a web-service oriented cloud platform. The goal of the designed model is to provide university students with knowledge about IoT concepts, possibilities, and business models, and allow them to develop basic system prototypes using general-purpose microdevices and…

  15. Application of the Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Xiaming; Zhang, Guoqing

    2011-12-01

    The Internet of Things is not yet very widespread, many people have little information about Internet of things. But, for magical properties of the Internet of things , its appearance immediately aroused people's great interest. This paper, aiming application of the Internet of Things , use AHP to analyze and look forward to prospects of IOT in many fields.

  16. STUDY OF VARIOUS INTERNET OF THINGS PLATFORMS

    OpenAIRE

    Bhumi Nakhuva; Prof. Tushar Champaneria

    2015-01-01

    Internet of Things is a technological revolution which provides the vision of connected world of Things. Devices, people and systems are connected with one another in such a way that they can communicate with each other over Internet. So the form of communication from human-human is now turned into humanhuman, human-things and things- things. Variety of platforms are now a days available that can support entire development to deployment of IoT applications and systems. In this pap...

  17. Children Writing "Hard Times": Lived Experiences of Poverty and the Class-Privileged Assumptions of a Mandated Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutro, Elizabeth

    2009-01-01

    Dutro discusses an analysis of the disconnect between the material realities of the lives of a group of third-grade children living in poverty and the middle-class assumptions of a district-mandated unit within a literacy curriculum. The analysis arose in the context of an ethnographic study of identity and classroom literacy practices; it was…

  18. The Internet of Playful Things

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wyeth, Peta; Brereton, Margot; Roe, Paul;

    2015-01-01

    This one-day workshop brings together researchers and practitioners to share knowledge and practices on how people can connect and interact with the Internet of Things in a playful way. Open to participants with a diverse range of interests and expertise, and by exploring novel ways to playfully...... will be a road map to support the development of a Model of Playful Connectedness, focusing on how best to design and make playful networks of things, identifying the challenges that need to be addressed in order to do so....

  19. Effect of ocean acidification on respiratory metabolism of marine living things%海洋酸化对海洋生物呼吸代谢的影响及机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁兆坤; 李虹辉; 许友卿

    2012-01-01

    海洋酸化是对海洋生态系统最大威胁之一.随着海洋酸化不断加剧,海洋生物呼吸代谢酶活性下降,呼吸代谢方式改变,严重影响海洋生物的正常生长发育和生存.文章主要综述海洋酸化对海洋生物特别是鱼类呼吸代谢的影响及机制,旨在深入研究海洋酸化对海洋生物呼吸代谢的影响、机理及适应机制,为控制海洋酸化提供依据,同时也为海洋生物养殖水体的调控提供参考.%Ocean acidification is one of the most threatening factors to the ocean ecosystem. As ocean acidification development, the respiratory metabolism pathway and the concerning enzymes of marine organisms have to be changed, resulting in serious effects on the survival, development and growth of marine living things. The present paper reviews the effects of ocean acidification on respiratory metabolism of marine living things, especially fishes. The purpose is to study the effects of ocean acidification on respiratory metabolism of marine living things, to understand and control the ocean acidification as well as to control the aquaculture of marine living things.

  20. The internet of things for personalized health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schreier, Günter

    2014-01-01

    Advances in information and communications technologies (ICT) enable new personalized health care concepts which are often characterized by four "P" terms, i.e. personalized, predictive, preventive and participatory. However, real world implementations of the complete 4P spectrum hardly exist today. The Internet of Things (IoT) has been defined as an extension to the current Internet that enables pervasive communication between the physical and the virtual world. Smart devices and enabling elements like Near Field Communication (NFC) and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology already exist and increasingly will be a mainstream element of our lives. This future vision paper attempts to assess if and how the Internet of Things for personalized health (IoT4pH) can help to facilitate the 4P healthcare paradigm and discusses related challenges and opportunities. PMID:24851958

  1. The Internet of things connecting objects

    CERN Document Server

    Chaouchi, Hakima

    2013-01-01

    Internet of Things: Connecting Objects… puts forward the technologies and the networking architectures which make it possible to support the Internet of Things. Amongst these technologies, RFID, sensor and PLC technologies are described and a clear view on how they enable the Internet of Things is given. This book also provides a good overview of the main issues facing the Internet of Things such as the issues of privacy and security, application and usage, and standardization.

  2. Designing Environment for Teaching Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simic, Konstantin; Vujin, Vladimir; Labus, Aleksandra; Stepanic, Ðorde; Stevanovic, Mladen

    2014-01-01

    One of the new topics taught at technical universities is Internet of Things. In this paper, a workshop for organizing a lab in academic environment for the subject Internet of Things is described. The architecture of the platform, scenario and a description of components used for creating the environment for learning Internet of things are also…

  3. Relations of morale and physical function to advanced activities of daily living in health promotion class participants

    OpenAIRE

    Yajima, Masahide; Asakawa, Yasuyoshi; Yamaguchi, Haruyasu

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] The aim of this study was to clarify the relations of morale and physical function to the presence/absence of advanced activities of daily living. [Subjects] The subjects were 86 elderly community residents participating in health promotion classes. [Methods] A questionnaire survey on age, gender, presence/absence of advanced activities of daily living, and Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale score was conducted, in addition to assessment of fitness, consisting of measurement...

  4. Single Thing Sign On Identity Management for Internet of Things

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zdravkova, Vanya; Mihaylov, Mihail Rumenov; Mihovska, Albena Dimitrova;

    2016-01-01

    —Within the context of heterogeneous Internet of Things (IoT) network driven by Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communications there is a need for a proper user identification and Identity Management (IdM) mechanisms which to involve all of the objects in the IoT. The paper addresses user identification...... by proposing Single Thing Sign On (STSO) IdM architecture for IoT, where the end-user is in the middle of a user-centered services ecosystem. The proposed scheme enables user recognition and services access only by identification of one of the “things” related to the user such as personal computing devices...

  5. Internet of Things: A Revolution

    OpenAIRE

    Suman Chaudhary; Niharika Garg

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on the Internet of Things. Key enabling factor for this model is the combination of numerous technologies and communication solutions. Identifying and tracking technology, wireless sensors, actuator networks and dispersed intellect for s mart objects are just the most relevant ones. Basically the deployment of NFC and RFID currently has conceived theidea of „Internet of Things‟. However, it can be speculated that if the current internet can hold so many objects together...

  6. based on Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanfei Liu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the sources of food traceability and a few basic elements of the food traceability, designs and architects the food supply chain traceability system based on Internet of things. The system structure is composed of perception layer, transport layer and application layer. System is architected from the user interface presentation layer (USL, Business Logic Layer (BLL, Data Access Layer (DAL. The transport layer adopts savant middleware to improve the data processing and storage.

  7. Security in Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Song, Yuanjun

    2013-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is emerging the Internet and other networks with wireless technologies to make physical objects interact online. The IoT has developed to become a promising technology and receives significant research attention in recent years because of the development of wireless communications and micro-electronics.  Like other immature technological inventions, although IoT will promise their users a better life in the near future, it is a security risk, especially today the ...

  8. Emergence of Things Felt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zimmerman, Chris; Stein, Mari-Klara; Hardt, Daniel;

    2015-01-01

    In 2013 Facebook launched a feature allowing users to add a feeling tag to their posts. We have collected 18 months worth of such public posts. Our aim is to map the semantic space of ‘Facebook feelings’ to understand patterns in how feelings are tagged and how they can be described in terms...... of valence and arousal. Our findings reveal temporal and social patterns in the most commonly shared feelings. In line with the ‘exhibitional’ nature of Facebook, our analyses indicate that ‘extreme’ feelings, such as excitement and anger, may be expressed in even more extreme levels of both valence...... and arousal. Facebook also provides novel emotional scripts (e.g., “meh”) that help people express feelings in ways that traditionally socialized feelings do not. This understanding of the semantic space of ‘Facebook feelings’ ultimately serves to inform the development of an automatic ‘Feelings Meter’....

  9. When Things Matter: A Data-Centric View of the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Qin, Yongrui; Sheng, Quan Z.; Falkner, Nickolas J. G.; Dustdar, Schahram; WANG Hua; Vasilakos, Athanasios V

    2014-01-01

    With the recent advances in radio-frequency identification (RFID), low-cost wireless sensor devices, and Web technologies, the Internet of Things (IoT) approach has gained momentum in connecting everyday objects to the Internet and facilitating machine-to-human and machine-to-machine communication with the physical world. While IoT offers the capability to connect and integrate both digital and physical entities, enabling a whole new class of applications and services, several significant cha...

  10. Internet of Things – Emergence of standards

    OpenAIRE

    Poikolainen, Janne

    2012-01-01

    Poikolainen, Janne Internet of Things – Emergence of standards Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä, 2012, 34 p. Information System Science, Bachelor's Thesis Supervisor: Mazhelis, Oleksiy Internet of Things is a paradigm referring to the pervasive presence of networked things and objects that are able to interact and cooperate with each other. This paradigm also suggests that in the future these objects also produce large amounts of data to the internet and other networ...

  11. Use of Interactive Live Digital Imaging to Enhance Histology Learning in Introductory Level Anatomy and Physiology Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higazi, Tarig B.

    2011-01-01

    Histology is one of the main subjects in introductory college-level Human Anatomy and Physiology classes. Institutions are moving toward the replacement of traditional microscope-based histology learning with virtual microscopy learning amid concerns of losing the valuable learning experience of traditional microscopy. This study used live digital…

  12. Designing the Internet of things

    CERN Document Server

    McEwen, Adrian

    2013-01-01

    Take your idea from concept to production with this unique guide Whether it's called physical computing, ubiquitous computing, or the Internet of Things, it's a hot topic in technology: how to channel your inner Steve Jobs and successfully combine hardware, embedded software, web services, electronics, and cool design to create cutting-edge devices that are fun, interactive, and practical. If you'd like to create the next must-have product, this unique book is the perfect place to start. Both a creative and practical primer, it explores the platforms you can use to develop hardware or softw

  13. The design of everyday things

    CERN Document Server

    Norman, Don

    2013-01-01

    Even the smartest among us can feel inept as we fail to figure out which light switch or oven burner to turn on, or whether to push, pull, or slide a door. The fault, argues this ingenious—even liberating—book, lies not in ourselves, but in product design that ignores the needs of users and the principles of cognitive psychology. The problems range from ambiguous and hidden controls to arbitrary relationships between controls and functions, coupled with a lack of feedback or other assistance and unreasonable demands on memorization. The Design of Everyday Things shows that good, usable design is possible. The rules are simple: make things visible, exploit natural relationships that couple function and control, and make intelligent use of constraints. The goal: guide the user effortlessly to the right action on the right control at the right time. In this entertaining and insightful analysis, cognitive scientist Don Norman hails excellence of design as the most important key to regaining the competitive e...

  14. Re-Thingifying the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Gabrys, Jennifer

    2016-01-01

    Through the use of sensors, networks and data collection, the Internet of Things is meant to make everyday practices and infrastructures more efficient and “sustainable.” Yet these digital technologies also generate new material and environmental effects, particularly through increasing amounts of electronic waste. After first addressing emerging developments within the Internet of Things, this chapter proposes the adoption of a strategy for “re-thingifying” the Internet of Things. Re-thingif...

  15. Virtual Objects on the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Jordán Pascual Espada; Oscar Sanjuán Martínez; B. Cristina Pelayo García-Bustelo; Juan Manuel Cueva Lovelle

    2011-01-01

    As technology advances more and more "things" began to appear in digital format, such as: tickets, agendas, books, electronic purses, etc. Internet of things encourages communication and integration of physical objects with each other and people to automate tasks and improve efficiency. Digital objects like physicists should be part of Internet of Things but the different structures of these digital objects causes in most cases these digital objects can interact only with specific application...

  16. Living Sexualities: Negotiating Heteronormativity in Middle Class Bangladesh

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Karim (Shuchi)

    2012-01-01

    textabstract‘Living Sexualities’ is a study of erotic desires, practices and identities, lived within the heteronormative and marriage-normative socio-sexual structures of the urban middle class in contemporary Bangladesh. The study is based on two years fieldwork during which data was generated thr

  17. STUDY OF VARIOUS INTERNET OF THINGS PLATFORMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhumi Nakhuva

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Internet of Things is a technological revolution which provides the vision of connected world of Things. Devices, people and systems are connected with one another in such a way that they can communicate with each other over Internet. So the form of communication from human-human is now turned into humanhuman, human-things and things- things. Variety of platforms are now a days available that can support entire development to deployment of IoT applications and systems. In this paper, we will first start with the introduction of IoT platforms as well as IoT middleware and then will discuss various IoT platforms, compare various IoT platforms and will end up with the conclusion.

  18. Internet of Things: A Revolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suman Chaudhary

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the Internet of Things. Key enabling factor for this model is the combination of numerous technologies and communication solutions. Identifying and tracking technology, wireless sensors, actuator networks and dispersed intellect for s mart objects are just the most relevant ones. Basically the deployment of NFC and RFID currently has conceived theidea of „Internet of Things‟. However, it can be speculated that if the current internet can hold so many objects together. The answer to the question can be IPv6 which is the latest communications protocol and can accommodate billions of objects or devices by providing each of them a unique IP address. The paper also discusses the issues related to IoT which could be social or privacy concern.

  19. SYSTEMA NATURAE OR THE OUTLINE OF LIVING WORLD CLASSIFICATION

    OpenAIRE

    Shipunov, Alexey

    2009-01-01

    Here we present the short outline of the classification of living things (to the level of classes), given with two main goals: to provide a compact, synthetic overview of the biological diversity; and to supply users with up-todate information of latest taxonomic achievements. The latter is especially important in the recent epoch of molecular revolution in the taxonomy.

  20. Internet of Things tulevaisuuden visiona

    OpenAIRE

    Nieminen, Daniela

    2015-01-01

    Opinnäytetyö käsittelee esineiden internetin (Internet of Things, IoT) käytännön hyödyntämistä tulevaisuudessa. IoT on uudenlainen älyteknologia, joka esiintyy jokapäiväisessä käytössä esimerkiksi älypuhelimissa ja tableteissa. IoT-teknologiassa yhdistyvät useat meille tutut van-hemmat teknologian osa-alueet. Selvityksessä keskitytään erityisesti IoT:n hyötyihin ja mahdollisuuksiin tulevaisuudessa. Opinnäytetyö käsittelee ensin perusteorian IoT:n verkkotoiminnasta ja protokollista, ja...

  1. Thirty eight things to do with live slime mould

    OpenAIRE

    Adamatzky, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    Slime mould \\emph{Physarum polycephalum} is a large single cell capable for distributed sensing, concurrent information processing, parallel computation and decentralised actuation. The ease of culturing and experimenting with Physarum makes this slime mould an ideal substrate for real-world implementations of unconventional sensing and computing devices. In the last decade the Physarum became a swiss knife of the unconventional computing: give the slime mould a problem it will solve it. We p...

  2. The Geoscience Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehnert, K.; Klump, J.

    2012-04-01

    Internet of Things is a term that refers to "uniquely identifiable objects (things) and their virtual representations in an Internet-like structure" (Wikipedia). We here use the term to describe new and innovative ways to integrate physical samples in the Earth Sciences into the emerging digital infrastructures that are developed to support research and education in the Geosciences. Many Earth Science data are acquired on solid earth samples through observations and experiments conducted in the field or in the lab. The application and long-term utility of sample-based data for science is critically dependent on (a) the availability of information (metadata) about the samples such as geographical location where the sample was collected, time of sampling, sampling method, etc. (b) links between the different data types available for individual samples that are dispersed in the literature and in digital data repositories, and (c) access to the samples themselves. Neither of these requirements could be achieved in the past due to incomplete documentation of samples in publications, use of ambiguous sample names, and the lack of a central catalog that allows researchers to find a sample's archiving location. New internet-based capabilities have been developed over the past few years for the registration and unique identification of samples that make it possible to overcome these problems. Services for the registration and unique identification of samples are provided by the System for Earth Sample Registration SESAR (www.geosamples.org). SESAR developed the International Geo Sample Number, or IGSN, as a unique identifier for samples and specimens collected from our natural environment. Since December 2011, the IGSN is governed by an international organization, the IGSN eV (www.igsn.org), which endorses and promotes an internationally unified approach for registration and discovery of physical specimens in the Geoscience community and is establishing a new modular and

  3. Towards Internet of Things: Survey and Future Vision

    OpenAIRE

    Omar Said; Mehedi Masud

    2013-01-01

    Internet of things is a promising research due to its importance in many commerce, industry, and education applications. Recently, new applications and research challenges in numerous areas of Internet of things are fired. In this paper, we discuss the history of Internet of things, different proposed architectures of Internet of things, research challenges and open problems related to the Internet of things. We also introduce the concept of Internet of things database and discuss about the f...

  4. User Empowerment in the Internet of Things

    CERN Document Server

    Munjin, Dejan

    2011-01-01

    This paper focuses on the characteristics of two big triggers that facilitated wide user adoption of the Internet: Web 2.0 and online social networks. We detect brakes for reproduction of these events in Internet of things. To support our hypothesis we first compare the difference between the ways of use of the Internet with the future scenarios of Internet of things. We detect barriers that could slow down apparition of this kind of social events during user adoption of Internet of Things and we propose a conceptual framework to solve these problems.

  5. User Empowerment in the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Munjin, Dejan; Morin, Jean-Henry

    2011-01-01

    This paper focuses on the characteristics of two big triggers that facilitated wide user adoption of the Internet: Web 2.0 and online social networks. We detect brakes for reproduction of these events in Internet of things. To support our hypothesis we first compare the difference between the ways of use of the Internet with the future scenarios of Internet of things. We detect barriers that could slow down apparition of this kind of social events during user adoption of Internet of Things an...

  6. Effects of pen floor and class of live weight on behavioural and clinical parameters of beef cattle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulio Cozzi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The study compared behaviour and clinical parameters of beef cattle housed on two different types of floor (fully slatted vs. deep litter considering animals belonging to 2 live weight classes (less vs. more than 350 kg. The assessment of behavioural and clinical parameters was carried out in 20 intensive farms, all rearing imported bulls. Floor type had no effect on cattle behaviour except for the duration of the lying down sequence, which lasted more for bulls kept on slats. Slatted floor increased also the likelihood of occurrence of hair and skin lesions and lameness. On the other hand, bulls cleanliness was more likely to be impaired on bedded floor. Regarding the class of live weight, behavioural observation showed lighter animals performing more antagonistic interactions, while horning resulted more frequent in heavier bulls. Avoidance distance test indicated that bulls >350 kg were more fearful of humans. About health status, light animals were more affected by respiratory disease and hairless patches, likely because they are more sensitive to the stressful situations imposed by their transfer and adaptation to the new housing environment of the fattening unit. The risk of skin lesions and dirtiness increased instead in heavier bulls.

  7. The concept of thing (res) in Descartes

    OpenAIRE

    Milidrag Predrag

    2014-01-01

    The article analyzes the meaning of the concept of res in Descartes’ metaphysics. The basic meaning is that thing is an essence that could have even real existence. Through the analysis of Descartes’ works that meaning has made more precise against the background of the rational distinction between essence and existence. The relations among the thing and the notions of reality (realitas), the degrees of reality and the modes of reality were shown. The speci...

  8. Privacy Preservation Technologies in Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Sen, Jaydip

    2010-01-01

    Since the beginning of the Internet thirty years ago, we have witnessed a number of changes in the application of communication technologies. Today, the Internet can be described to a large extent as a ubiquitous infrastructure that is always accessible. After the era of connecting places and connecting people, the Internet of the future will also connect things. The idea behind the resulting Internet of Things is to seamlessly gather and use information about objects of the real world during...

  9. An Internet of Things Generic Reference Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bhalerao, Dipashree M.; Riaz, Tahir; Madsen, Ole Brun;

    2013-01-01

    , and keeping track of all these things for monitoring and controlling some information. IoT architecture is studied from software architecture, overall system architecture and network architecture point of view. Paper puts forward the requirements of software architecture along with, its component...... and deployment diagram, process and interface diagram at abstract level. Paper proposes the abstract generic IoT reference and concrete abstract generic IoT reference architectures. Network architecture is also put up as a state of the art. Paper shortly gives overviews of protocols used for IoT. Some......Internet of things Network is a future application of Internet. This network has three major basic blocks as business process or Application, core network or internetwork and peripheral network as Things or objects. The assembly has the basic intention of connecting all physical and virtual things...

  10. Game design in an Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Coulton, Paul; Burnett, Dan; Gradinar, Adrian; Gullick, David; Murphy, Emma

    2014-01-01

    Whilst no consensus yet exists on how the Internet of Things will be realised, a global infrastructure of networked physical objects that are readable, recognizable, locatable, addressable and controllable is undoubtedly a compelling vision. Although many implementations of the Internet of Things have presented these objects in a largely ambient sensing role, or providing some form of remote access/control, in this paper we consider the emerging convergence between games and the Internet of T...

  11. Secure Bootstrapping and Rebootstrapping for Resource-Constrained Thing in Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Seung Wook Jung; Souhwan Jung

    2015-01-01

    In Internet of Things, secure key establishment and building trust relationship between the thing and the home gateway (or the controller) in home network or Body Area Network are extremely important. Without the guarantee of establishment of key and trust relationship, the traffic over the Internet of Things network cannot be presumed secure. Also, when the home gateway, which knows the shared secret key, is out of order and the new gateway should be installed, the secure key establishment a...

  12. Towards Internet of Things: Survey and Future Vision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Said

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Internet of things is a promising research due to its importance in many commerce, industry, and education applications. Recently, new applications and research challenges in numerous areas of Internet of things are fired. In this paper, we discuss the history of Internet of things, different proposed architectures of Internet of things, research challenges and open problems related to the Internet of things. We also introduce the concept of Internet of things database and discuss about the future vision of Internet of things. These are the manuscript preparation guidelines used as a standard template for all journal submissions. Author must follow these instructions while preparing/modifying these guidelines.

  13. System collaboration and Information Sharing through Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Grubisic, Maja; Marsic, Tina

    2015-01-01

    The focus of this thesis is realization of system collaboration and information sharing between devices through Internet of Things. Internet of Things is a network of things, where a thing can be any device capable of acquiring an IP address. Internet of Things has been discussed in many domains. Companies are exploring the full potential of it, with the purpose of automating their services and optimizing their productivity. In this thesis we have conducted a systematic research review to inv...

  14. The Future Potential of Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Aelita Skaržauskienė; Marius Kalinauskas

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: To define the Internet of things and to analyze it as a background for the internet of services.Design/methodology/approach: The article discusses potential possibilities and problematic issues concerning the Internet of things (IoT) and Internet of services (IoS). The debates concerning IoT and its possible application fields have continued for more than ten years. The technological background is there and the fields of application are broad. However, there is still a lack of unders...

  15. Embodying deficiency through ‘affective practice’: Shame, relationality, and the lived experience of social class and gender in higher education

    OpenAIRE

    Loveday, Vik

    2015-01-01

    Based on empirical research with participants from working-class backgrounds studying and working in higher education (HE) in England, the article examines the lived experience of shame. Building on a feminist Bourdieusian approach to social class analysis, the article contends that ‘struggles for value’ within the field of HE precipitate classed judgements, which have the potential to generate shame. Through an examination of the ‘affective practice’ of judgement, the article explores the c...

  16. Privacy Preservation Technologies in Internet of Things

    CERN Document Server

    Sen, Jaydip

    2010-01-01

    Since the beginning of the Internet thirty years ago, we have witnessed a number of changes in the application of communication technologies. Today, the Internet can be described to a large extent as a ubiquitous infrastructure that is always accessible. After the era of connecting places and connecting people, the Internet of the future will also connect things. The idea behind the resulting Internet of Things is to seamlessly gather and use information about objects of the real world during their entire lifecycle. In this paper, we consider different approaches to technological protection of user data privacy in the world of Internet of Things. In particular,we consider what kind of security problems are being faced and what level of protection can be provided by applying approaches based on secure multi-party computations.

  17. On Identification of Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Mustafa A. Salman

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, Identification Challenge of the Internet of Things has been studied, in particular, the recent Identity Protocols IPv4 and IPv6. Remarks based on mathematical reasoning raised on the latest Identity Protocol IPv6 concerning the possibility of redundancy in the length of the 128-bit binary sequence of IPv6 and some algorithms implemented on data portion of the sequence.

  18. Middleware solutions for the Internet of Things

    CERN Document Server

    Delicato, Flávia C; Batista, Thais

    2013-01-01

    After a brief introduction and contextualization on the Internet of Things (IoT) and Web of Things (WoT) paradigms, this timely new book describes one of the first research initiatives aimed at tackling the several challenges involved in building a middleware-layer infrastructure capable of realizing the WoT vision: the SmartSensor infrastructure. It is based on current standardization efforts and designed to manage a specific type of physical devices, those organized to shape a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), where sensors work collaboratively, extracting data and transmitting it to external n

  19. Unit and ubiquitous Internet of Things

    CERN Document Server

    Ning, Huansheng

    2013-01-01

    Although the Internet of Things (IoT) will play a key role in the development of next generation information, network, and communication technologies, many are still unclear about what makes IoT different from similar concepts. Answering fundamental questions about IoT architectures and models, Unit and Ubiquitous Internet of Things introduces essential IoT concepts from the perspectives of mapping and interaction between the physical world and the cyber world. It addresses key issues such as strategy and education, particularly around unit and ubiquitous IoT technologies. Supplying a new pers

  20. Is Authentic a thing of the Past?

    OpenAIRE

    Mac Con Iomaire, Máirtín

    2005-01-01

    This article is a review of the Oxford Symposium on Food and Cookery 2005 where the theme was Authenticity. It discusses the subject of Autheniticity in food and asks whether there is such a thing? What is Authenticity? Who can define what Authenticity means in the context of food? Is authenticity in food an indulgence of the rich which stiffles creativity and invention?

  1. A MIDDLEWARE FOR THE INTERNET OF THINGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmoud Elkhodr

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The Internet of Things (IoT connects everyday objects including a vast array of sensors, actuators, and smart devices, referred to as “things” to the Internet, in an intelligent and pervasive fashion. This connectivity gives rise to the possibility of using the tracking capabilities of things to impinge on the location privacy of users. Most of the existing management and location privacy protection solutions do not consider the low-cost and low-power requirements of things; or, they do not account for the heterogeneity, scalability, or autonomy of communications supported in the IoT. Moreover, these traditional solutions do not consider the case where a user wishes to control the granularity of the disclosed information based on the context of their use (e.g. based on the time or the current location of the user. To fill this gap, a middleware, referred to as the Internet of Things Management Platform (IoT-MP is proposed in this paper.

  2. Is Populism a Thing of the Past?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wolffram, Dirk Jan

    2012-01-01

    Is Populism a Thing of the Past? Is populism a category that contributes to our understanding of politics and its history? A large number of books are dedicated to populism and new titles are published weekly. In this article the balance is drawn up by judging books with different scientific pretent

  3. Autonomous Cooperation in The Internet of Things

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Durmus, Y.

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) represents the concept of cognitive networked devices that measure their environment and act on it intelligently. For instance, health sensors monitor vital human signs and inform their owner; smart meters measure the energy consumption and relay the information in rea

  4. Interaction and Humans in Internet of Things

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turunen, Markku; Sonntag, Daniel; Engelbrecht, Klaus-Peter;

    2015-01-01

    Internet of Things is mainly about connected devices embedded in our everyday environment. Typically, ‘interaction’ in the context of IoT means interfaces which allow people to either monitor or configure IoT devices. Some examples include mobile applications and embedded touchscreens for control...

  5. XML Interfaces to the Internet of Things

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pemberton, S.; Foster, C

    2015-01-01

    The internet of things is predicated on tiny, cheap, lower power computers being embedded in devices everywhere. However such tiny devices by definition have very little memory and computing power available to support user interfaces or extended servers, and so the user interface needs to be distrib

  6. Intergenerational interpretation of the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, Michael; Coughlan, Tim; Lawson, Glyn; Mortier, Richard; Houghton, Robert; Goulden, Murray

    2012-01-01

    This report investigates how different generations within a household interpret individual members’ data generated by the Internet of Things (IoT). Adopting a mixed methods approach, we are interested in interpretations of the IoT by teenagers, their parents and grandparents, and how they understand and interact with the kinds of data that might be generated by IoT devices. The first part of this document is a technical review that outlines the key existing and envisaged technologies that...

  7. Service-Oriented Management for Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Hui Xu; Wei Liu; Chunzhi Wang; Hongwei Chen

    2012-01-01

    Considering the popularity of Internet of Things, this paper discusses the management problem of Internet of Things from the viewpoint of “Management as a Service”, and proposes a service-oriented management solution for Internet of Things. This paper then introduces RESTful Web Services into service-oriented management for Internet of Things, and demonstrates the definition of service-oriented management information based on YANG using JSON and service-oriented management operations by means...

  8. Selective Impairment of Living Things and Musical Instruments on a Verbal "Semantic Knowledge Questionnaire" in a Case of Apperceptive Visual Agnosia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masullo, Carlo; Piccininni, Chiara; Quaranta, Davide; Vita, Maria Gabriella; Gaudino, Simona; Gainotti, Guido

    2012-01-01

    Semantic memory was investigated in a patient (MR) affected by a severe apperceptive visual agnosia, due to an ischemic cerebral lesion, bilaterally affecting the infero-mesial parts of the temporo-occipital cortices. The study was made by means of a Semantic Knowledge Questionnaire (Laiacona, Barbarotto, Trivelli, & Capitani, 1993), which takes…

  9. AN ANTHROPOLOGY OF THINGS: ETHNOGRAPHY AND METHOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    messias basques

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This bibliographic essay is based on the book that resulted from a series of discussions promoted by a group of doctoral students in the Department of Social Anthropology at Cambridge University in late 1990s. Despite the diversity of ethnographic contexts, all authors share the challenge of recasting the relationship between anthropological theory and ethnographic method in relation to the study of what is conventionally called material culture. Hence the title Thinking Through Things, besides denoting an anthropological question about what informants do, and how the authors could develop versions on the ways from which they perceive and conceive of things also includes the main character of the meetings that led to the writing of this book.

  10. INTERNET OF THINGS – SOME ETHICAL ISSUES

    OpenAIRE

    Daniela POPESCUL; Georgescu, Mircea

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to treat aspects that are related to the sensitivity of data, information and knowledge transmitted through Internet of Things, helping all people interested in these new ICT technologies to become aware of some ethical issues. In this new media, which is no more in its infancy, the vulnerabilities and attacks are various, caused by technological advances and proliferated through lack of users’ awareness. This warning message is needed because of data,...

  11. Access Control in the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Denis, Sitenkov

    2014-01-01

    The new generation of Wireless Sensor Networks, that is known as the Internet of Things enables the direct connection of physical objects to the Internet using microcontrollers. In most cases these microcontrollers have very limited computational resources. The global connectivity provides great opportunities for data collection and analysis as well as for interaction of objects that cannot be connected to the same local area network. Many of application scenarios have high requirements...

  12. Business Models and the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Fleisch, Elgar; Weinberger, Markus; Wortmann, Felix

    2014-01-01

    This article provides theoretically and practically grounded assistance to companies that are todayengaged primarily in non?digital industries in the development and implementation of business models that use the Internet of Things. To that end, we investigate the role of the Internet in business models in general in the first section. We conclude that the significance of the Internet in business model innovation has increased steadily since the 1990s, that each new Internet wave has given ri...

  13. Service modelling for the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    S.; Barnaghi, P; Bauer, M.; Meissner, S.

    2011-01-01

    The Internet of Things envisions a multitude of heterogeneous objects and interactions with the physical environment. The functionalities provided by these objects can be termed as `real-world services' as they provide a near real-time state of the physical world. A structured, machine-processible approach to provision such real-world services is needed to make heterogeneous physical objects accessible on a large scale and to integrate them with the digital world. This paper presents a semant...

  14. Microprocessor Optimizations for the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Adegbija, Tosiron; Rogacs, Anita; Patel, Chandrakant; Gordon-Ross, Ann

    2016-01-01

    The proliferation of connected low-power devices on the Internet of Things will result in a data explosion that will significantly increase data transmission costs with respect to energy consumption and latency. Edge computing reduces these costs by performing computations at the edge nodes prior to data transmission to interpret and/or utilize the data. While much research has focused on the IoT's connected nature and communication challenges, the challenges of IoT embedded computing with re...

  15. User Empowerment in the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Munjin, Dejan

    2013-01-01

    A key concern in the Internet of Things (IoT) has been the integration of mundane objects in the Internet. Although increasingly interconnected, the IoT ecosystem is largely industry-centered. This leads to the creation of limited and incompatible services disempowering users by hampering their participation. In this thesis, we address this issue by empowering users to create, personalize, and distribute services in the IoT ecosystem. We define a general framework for user empowerment relying...

  16. Property as the Law of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Henry Edward

    2012-01-01

    The New Private Law takes seriously the need for baselines in general and the traditional ones furnished by the law in particular. One such baseline is the “things” of property. The bundle of rights picture popularized by the Legal Realists downplayed things and promoted the expectation that features of property are detachable and tailorable without limit. The bundle picture captures too much to be a theory. By contrast, the information cost, or architectural, theory proposed here captures ho...

  17. Design of Smart things Robot System

    OpenAIRE

    Peng Jian-sheng; He Qi-wen; Wei Qing-jin; Huang Zhuo-cheng; Chi Sheng-bin; HuangYi- yong

    2013-01-01

    In order to solve the traditional machine of human intelligent control, information interconnection problems, put forward the design method of robot system. The smart things System mainly consists of robot intelligent control module, robot environment temperature acquisition module and the robot surveillance video modules and other components. By using ZigBee wireless network, complete between the robot and robot control information transmission and temperature ...

  18. Breakthrough Towards the Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaves, Leonardo W. F.; Nochta, Zoltán

    In this chapter we introduce the Internet of Things (IoT) from the perspective of companies. The Internet of Things mainly refers to the continuous tracking and observation of real-world objects over the Internet. The resulting information can be used to optimize many processes along the entire value chain. Important prerequisites for the IoT are that the objects of interest can be uniquely identified and that their environment can be monitored with sensors. Currently, technologies, such as different types of barcodes, active and passive Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) and wireless sensor networks play the most important role. However, these technologies either do not provide monitoring of their environment or they are too expensive for widespread adoption. Organic Electronics is a new technology that allows printing electronic circuits using organic inks. It will produce ultra-low cost smart labels equipped with sensors, and thus it will become an enabler of the IoT. We discuss how organic smart labels can be used to implement the Internet of Things. We show how this technology is expected to develop. Finally, we indicate technical problems that arise when processing large volumes of data that will result from the usage of organic smart labels in business applications.

  19. Big Data and the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Aurelian TITIRISCA

    2015-01-01

    Advances in sensing and computing capabilities are making it possible to embed increasing computing power in small devices. This has enabled the sensing devices not just to passively capture data at very high resolution but also to take sophisticated actions in response. Combined with advances in communication, this is resulting in an ecosystem of highly interconnected devices referred to as the Internet of Things - IoT. In conjunction, the advances in machine learning have allowed building m...

  20. Autonomous Cooperation in The Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Durmus, Y.

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) represents the concept of cognitive networked devices that measure their environment and act on it intelligently. For instance, health sensors monitor vital human signs and inform their owner; smart meters measure the energy consumption and relay the information in real time to energy providers and consumers; and smart thermostats optimize heating while reducing costs. Though most IoT devices are designed to work alone, collective operation advances their capabili...

  1. Security in Internet of Things Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Tuen, Christian Dancke

    2015-01-01

    Security in the current Internet of Things is not as good at it ought to be. This thesis shows some glaring flaws in existing products, which is often created because of oversight from the developers, as the constraints existing in IoT requires a more thorough thought-process than is normal in desktop computing. Due to limited power, bandwidth and processing power, everything needs to get stripped down to the bare minimum, while still maintaining good security properties. Security is an ...

  2. SELF POWERED ENERGY AWARE INTERNET OF THINGS

    OpenAIRE

    T. Vimala; Uma Rajaram

    2014-01-01

    Recently embedded things with IP address and giving the ability to communicate self using mailbox/message concepts is gaining importance. In this study, energy conservation by forming a network of smart objects, communicating through central unit via IP address is focused. IoT comprise of smart modules communicating and interacting with each other and the environments. The IoT enabled devices can command and control their operation within themselves without human intervention and save more en...

  3. Risky objects in an Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Huybrechts, Liesbeth

    2010-01-01

    A growing amount of designers wants to create mediating objects that contribute to a participatory relation between people and space, like RFID toolkits, mobile augmented reality applications, often referred to as locative media or Internet of Things (IOT) applications. Raessens states that "Negotiated, oppositional, and deconstructive readings (more so than dominant ones), configuration and selection (more so than exploration), and construction (more so than reconfiguration) are...

  4. Internet of Things in Service Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Xiangxuan Xu

    2012-01-01

    The last decade has witnessed rapid growth of Internet of Things (IoT) literatures by scientists from technology domains such as computer science, telecommunication and engineering, but very few studies have been done by sociologists, and even fewer by economic geographers in service research. The great impact that IoT will bring to service offerings and its spatial consequence is disproportionate to how much research has been done in this area. The paper aims to understand how the adoption o...

  5. Object Security in the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Palombini, Francesca

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things and the constrained environment that comes from the growth of constrained devices connected to the Internet brings new security challenges that cannot be solved in a satisfactory way with only transport layer security. A more flexible solution is required, both to protect sensitive data and user privacy but also to distribute policies in a secure and standardized way. The same privacy problems arise in the general web setting with processing and storage more and more mo...

  6. A day in the life of things in the home

    OpenAIRE

    Crabtree, Andy; Tolmie, Peter

    2016-01-01

    This paper is about human interaction with things in the home. It is of potential relevance to developers of the Internet of Things (IoT), but it is not a technological paper. Rather, it presents a preliminary observational study of a day in a life of things in the home. The study was done out of curiosity - to see, given the emphasis on ‘things’ in the IoT, what mundane interaction with things looks like and is about. The results draw attention to the sheer scale of interaction with things, ...

  7. HMIoT: A New Healthcare Model Based on Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Suraki, Mohsen Yaghoubi; Suraki, Morteza Yaghoubi; SourakiAzad, Leila

    2015-01-01

    In recent century, with developing of equipment, using of the internet and things connected to the internet is growing. Therefore, the need for informing in the process of expanding the scope of its application is very necessary and important. These days, using intelligent and autonomous devices in our daily lives has become commonplace and the Internet is the most important part of the relationship between these tools and even at close distances also. Things connected to the Internet that ar...

  8. Smart Communities Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Nahrstedt, Klara; Lopresti, Daniel; Zorn, Ben; Drobnis, Ann W.; Mynatt, Beth; Patel, Shwetak; Wright, Helen V.

    2016-01-01

    Today's cities face many challenges due to population growth, aging population, pedestrian and vehicular traffic congestion, water usage increase, increased electricity demands, crumbling physical infrastructure of buildings, roads, water sewage, power grid, and declining health care services. Moreover, major trends indicate the global urbanization of society, and the associated pressures it brings, will continue to accelerate. One of the approaches to assist in solving some of the challenges...

  9. Contemporary Internet of Things platforms

    OpenAIRE

    Mineraud, Julien; Mazhelis, Oleksiy; Su, Xiang; Tarkoma, Sasu

    2015-01-01

    This document regroups a representative, but non-exhaustive, list of contemporary IoT platforms. The platforms are ordered alphabetically. The aim of this document is to provide the a quick review of current IoT platforms, as well as relevant information.

  10. Survey of Internet-of-Things platforms

    OpenAIRE

    Zdravković, Milan; Trajanović, Miroslav; Sarraipa, João; Jardim-Gonçalves, Ricardo; Lezoche, Mario; Aubry, Alexis; Panetto, Hervé

    2016-01-01

    Internet-of-Things (IoT) platform (often referred to as IoT middleware) is a software that enables connecting the machines and devices and then acquisition, processing, transformation, organization and storing machine and sensor data. The objective of the research behind this paper is to establish a state of the art in the development of IoT platforms. In specific, here we present the main conclusions regarding the functional and design perspective to current IoT platforms and related researc...

  11. Systems Computing Challenges in the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Alur, Rajeev; Berger, Emery; Drobnis, Ann W.; Fix, Limor; Fu, Kevin; Hager, Gregory D.; Lopresti, Daniel; Nahrstedt, Klara; Mynatt, Elizabeth; Patel, Shwetak; Rexford, Jennifer; Stankovic, John A; Zorn, Benjamin

    2016-01-01

    A recent McKinsey report estimates the economic impact of the Internet of Things (IoT) to be between $3.9 to $11 trillion dollars by 20251 . IoT has the potential to have a profound impact on our daily lives, including technologies for the home, for health, for transportation, and for managing our natural resources. The Internet was largely driven by information and ideas generated by people, but advances in sensing and hardware have enabled computers to more easily observe the physical world...

  12. In the Swim of Things

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2009-05-18

    In this podcast, CDC's Dr. Michael Beach discusses the superbug, Cryptosporidium, a common cause of recreational water illness.  Created: 5/18/2009 by National Center for Zoonotic, Vector-Borne, and Enteric Diseases (NCZVED).   Date Released: 5/18/2009.

  13. Community patterns of stigma towards persons living with HIV: A population-based latent class analysis from rural Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brugha Ruairí

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The negative effects of stigma on persons living with HIV (PLHIV have been documented in many settings and it is thought that stigma against PLHIV leads to more difficulties for those who need to access HIV testing, treatment and care, as well as to limited community uptake of HIV prevention and testing messages. In order to understand and prevent stigma towards PLHIV, it is important to be able to measure stigma within communities and to understand which factors are associated with higher stigma. Methods To analyze patterns of community stigma and determinants to stigma toward PLHIV, we performed an exploratory population-based survey with 1874 randomly sampled adults within a demographic surveillance site (DSS in rural Vietnam. Participants were interviewed regarding knowledge of HIV and attitudes towards persons living with HIV. Data were linked to socioeconomic and migration data from the DSS and latent class analysis and multinomial logistic regression were conducted to examine stigma group sub-types and factors associated with stigma group membership. Results We found unexpectedly high and complex patterns of stigma against PLHIV in this rural setting. Women had the greatest odds of belong to the highest stigma group (OR 1.84, 95% CI 1.42-2.37, while those with more education had lower odds of highest stigma group membership (OR 0.45, 95% CI 0.32-0.62 for secondary education; OR 0.19, 95% CI 0.10-0.35 for tertiary education. Long-term migration out of the district (OR 0.61, 95% CI 0.4-0.91, feeling at-risk for HIV (OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.27-0.66, having heard of HIV from more sources (OR 0.44, 95% CI 0.3-0.66, and knowing someone with HIV (OR 0.76, 95% CI 0.58-0.99 were all associated with lower odds of highest stigma group membership. Nearly 20% of the population was highly unsure of their attitudes towards PLHIV and persons in this group had significantly lower odds of feeling at-risk for HIV (OR 0.54, 95% CI 0.33-0.90 or

  14. Community patterns of stigma towards persons living with HIV: A population-based latent class analysis from rural Vietnam

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Pharris, Anastasia

    2011-09-18

    Abstract Background The negative effects of stigma on persons living with HIV (PLHIV) have been documented in many settings and it is thought that stigma against PLHIV leads to more difficulties for those who need to access HIV testing, treatment and care, as well as to limited community uptake of HIV prevention and testing messages. In order to understand and prevent stigma towards PLHIV, it is important to be able to measure stigma within communities and to understand which factors are associated with higher stigma. Methods To analyze patterns of community stigma and determinants to stigma toward PLHIV, we performed an exploratory population-based survey with 1874 randomly sampled adults within a demographic surveillance site (DSS) in rural Vietnam. Participants were interviewed regarding knowledge of HIV and attitudes towards persons living with HIV. Data were linked to socioeconomic and migration data from the DSS and latent class analysis and multinomial logistic regression were conducted to examine stigma group sub-types and factors associated with stigma group membership. Results We found unexpectedly high and complex patterns of stigma against PLHIV in this rural setting. Women had the greatest odds of belong to the highest stigma group (OR 1.84, 95% CI 1.42-2.37), while those with more education had lower odds of highest stigma group membership (OR 0.45, 95% CI 0.32-0.62 for secondary education; OR 0.19, 95% CI 0.10-0.35 for tertiary education). Long-term migration out of the district (OR 0.61, 95% CI 0.4-0.91), feeling at-risk for HIV (OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.27-0.66), having heard of HIV from more sources (OR 0.44, 95% CI 0.3-0.66), and knowing someone with HIV (OR 0.76, 95% CI 0.58-0.99) were all associated with lower odds of highest stigma group membership. Nearly 20% of the population was highly unsure of their attitudes towards PLHIV and persons in this group had significantly lower odds of feeling at-risk for HIV (OR 0.54, 95% CI 0.33-0.90) or of knowing

  15. Authentication Systems in Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuhin Borgohain

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the various authentication systems implemented for enhanced security and private reposition of an individual’s login credentials. The first part of the paper describes the multi-factor authentication (MFA systems, which, though not applicable to the field of Internet of Things, provides great security to a user’s credentials. MFA is followed by a brief description of the working mechanism of interaction of third party clients with private resources over the OAuth protocol framework and a study of the delegation based authentication system in IP-based IoT.

  16. Internet of Things: Objectives and Scientific Challenges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hua-Dong Ma

    2011-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is aimed at enabling the interconnection and integration of the physical world and the cyber space.It represents the trend of future networking,and leads the third wave of the IT industry revolution.In this article,we first introduce some background and related technologies of IoT and discuss the concepts and objectives of IoT.Then,we present the challenges and key scientific problems involved in IoT development.Moreover,we introduce the current research project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program).Finally,we outline future research directions.

  17. Approaches on Internet of Things Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toma Cristian

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The Internet of Things (IoT ecosystem is presented with its features and particularities in the first section of the paper. In the second section are presented the technical terminology and how inter-domain technologies such as: Internet/Semantic and Middleware, RFID/NFC and Smart Objects-embedded devices are linked together. The paper shows an implementation of the authentication procedure with a proximity tag/card implemented in Java SE, in the third section. The conclusions are presented in the fourth section and they describe the opportunity to develop a proof of concept project, which may have multiple implementations.

  18. Internet of Things challenges and opportunities

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    Advancement in sensor technology, smart instrumentation, wireless sensor networks, miniaturization, RFID and information processing is helping towards the realization of Internet of Things (IoT). IoTs are finding applications in various area applications including environmental monitoring, intelligent buildings, smart grids and so on. This book provides design challenges of IoT, theory, various protocols, implementation issues and a few case study. The book will be very useful for postgraduate students and researchers to know from basics to implementation of IoT.

  19. Exploring Web of Things with Embedded Devices

    OpenAIRE

    Tanmoy Sarkar; Niva Das

    2015-01-01

    In recent years IoT (Internet of Things) is gaining interest among researchers and many IoT development platforms, SDK’s have been proposed. There are lots of low powered, efficient devices available in market which can be used to create IoT solutions. The main drawbacks of IoT is that every manufacture proposed it owns protocol and provide their own API’s to work with it. You need to be an avid programmer to implement, understand, customized and use this API’s. Since lots of these librari...

  20. Dependable control systems with Internet of Things.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Tri; Ha, Q P

    2015-11-01

    This paper presents an Internet of Things (IoT)-enabled dependable control system (DepCS) for continuous processes. In a DepCS, an actuator and a transmitter form a regulatory control loop. Each processor inside such actuator and transmitter is designed as a computational platform implementing the feedback control algorithm. The connections between actuators and transmitters via IoT create a reliable backbone for a DepCS. The centralized input-output marshaling system is not required in DepCSs. A state feedback control synthesis method for DepCS applying the self-recovery constraint is presented in the second part of the paper. PMID:26329254

  1. SELF POWERED ENERGY AWARE INTERNET OF THINGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Vimala

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently embedded things with IP address and giving the ability to communicate self using mailbox/message concepts is gaining importance. In this study, energy conservation by forming a network of smart objects, communicating through central unit via IP address is focused. IoT comprise of smart modules communicating and interacting with each other and the environments. The IoT enabled devices can command and control their operation within themselves without human intervention and save more energy and time.

  2. PIOTRe: Personal Internet of Things Repository

    OpenAIRE

    Siow, Eugene; Tiropanis, Thanassis; Hall, Wendy

    2016-01-01

    Resource-constrained Internet of Things (IoT) devices like Raspberry Pis', with specific performance optimisation, can serve as interoperable personal Linked Data repositories for IoT applications. In this demo paper we describe PIOTRe, a personal datastore that utilises our sparql2sql query translation technology on Pis' to process, store and publish IoT time-series historical data and streams. We demonstrate with PIOTRe in a smart home scenario: a real-time dashboard that utilises RDF s...

  3. OPTIMIZING SMART THINGS ADDRESSING THROUGH THE ZIGBEE-BASED INTERNET OF THINGS

    OpenAIRE

    Tariq Lasloum; Almogren, Ahmad S.

    2016-01-01

    Devices are becoming increasingly interconnected; linked with each other and with humans. The internet of things(IoT) concept is currently used in machine to machine (M2M) applications like power, gas, and oil utilities transmission and transport. The most profound challenge that IoT faces is how to connect several very different devices into a network of things. In this regard, the standard for sending information between devices supporting IoT is called ZigBee, also known as the...

  4. Sensing in the Collaborative Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João B. Borges Neto

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available We are entering a new era of computing technology, the era of Internet of Things (IoT. An important element for this popularization is the large use of off-the-shelf sensors. Most of those sensors will be deployed by different owners, generally common users, creating what we call the Collaborative IoT. This collaborative IoT helps to increase considerably the amount and availability of collected data for different purposes, creating new interesting opportunities, but also several challenges. For example, it is very challenging to search for and select a desired sensor or a group of sensors when there is no description about the provided sensed data or when it is imprecise. Given that, in this work we characterize the properties of the sensed data in the Internet of Things, mainly the sensed data contributed by several sources, including sensors from common users. We conclude that, in order to safely use data available in the IoT, we need a filtering process to increase the data reliability. In this direction, we propose a new simple and powerful approach that helps to select reliable sensors. We tested our method for different types of sensed data, and the results reveal the effectiveness in the correct selection of sensor data.

  5. Sensing in the collaborative Internet of Things.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borges Neto, João B; Silva, Thiago H; Assunção, Renato Martins; Mini, Raquel A F; Loureiro, Antonio A F

    2015-01-01

    We are entering a new era of computing technology, the era of Internet of Things (IoT). An important element for this popularization is the large use of off-the-shelf sensors. Most of those sensors will be deployed by different owners, generally common users, creating what we call the Collaborative IoT. This collaborative IoT helps to increase considerably the amount and availability of collected data for different purposes, creating new interesting opportunities, but also several challenges. For example, it is very challenging to search for and select a desired sensor or a group of sensors when there is no description about the provided sensed data or when it is imprecise. Given that, in this work we characterize the properties of the sensed data in the Internet of Things, mainly the sensed data contributed by several sources, including sensors from common users. We conclude that, in order to safely use data available in the IoT, we need a filtering process to increase the data reliability. In this direction, we propose a new simple and powerful approach that helps to select reliable sensors. We tested our method for different types of sensed data, and the results reveal the effectiveness in the correct selection of sensor data. PMID:25808766

  6. Exploring Web of Things with Embedded Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanmoy Sarkar

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In recent years IoT (Internet of Things is gaining interest among researchers and many IoT development platforms, SDK’s have been proposed. There are lots of low powered, efficient devices available in market which can be used to create IoT solutions. The main drawbacks of IoT is that every manufacture proposed it owns protocol and provide their own API’s to work with it. You need to be an avid programmer to implement, understand, customized and use this API’s. Since lots of these libraries are open source not much information can be gathered online. To solve this protocol agnostic problem in IoT many researchers are now focusing on WoT i.e. Web of Things. The main advantage of implementing WoT is that we can use familiar Web protocols to build up our solutions. In this paper we will discuss SOA architecture, proposing a high level WoT network implementation at home-using embedded devices and Web protocols like REST web services and JavaScript to achieve interoperability. We will also discuss security concerns in WoT and best practices to avoid vulnerabilities.

  7. Open Technologies for prototyping the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Abascal, María Jesús

    2013-01-01

    The worldwide "hyper-connection" of any object around us is the challenge that promises to cover the paradigm of the Internet of Things. If the Internet has colonized the daily life of more than 2000 million1 people around the globe, the Internet of Things faces of connecting more than 100000 million2 "things" by 2020. The underlying Internet of Things’ technologies are the cornerstone that promises to solve interrelated global problems such as exponential population growth, energy management...

  8. A Study on Internet of Things based Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Jain, Deeksha; Krishna, P. Venkata; Saritha, V.

    2012-01-01

    This paper gives a detail analysis of various applications based on Internet of Thing (IoT)s. This explains about how internet of things evolved from mobile computing and ubiquitous computing. It emphasises the fact that objects are connected over the internet rather than people. The properties of Internet of Things (IOT) are product information, electronic tag, standard expressed and uploading information. It utilises the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology and wireless sensor n...

  9. Internet of Things Technology and its Applications in Smart Grid

    OpenAIRE

    Liu Hua; Zhang Junguo; Lin Fantao

    2013-01-01

    Smart grid is the latest trend of development and reform in today’s world, and it is also a major technological innovation and development trend in the 21st century. Internet of Things technology is a new information processing and acquisition method, and it has been widely used in intelligent transportation, environmental monitoring and other fields. Internet of Things is an important technical mean to promote the development of smart grid. Using Internet of Things technology can effectively...

  10. Seres vivos y artefactos: ¿efectos categoriales producto de la ausencia de color en tareas de denominación de dibujos? (Living things and artifacts: categorial effects in black-and-white picture naming tasks?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Macarena Martínez-Cuitiño

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Patients with acquired brain injury may have difficulties in processing a unique semantic category. In patients with the most common semantic deficits, living things is the most commonly compromised domain. Nevertheless, the results of assessing healthy participants are contradictory. Most studies with healthy participants reported better performance with the category of living things, whereas other studies have reported better performance with artifacts, depending on the type of material used. Although researchers generally use black-and-white pictures to assess semantic categories, this kind of material omits an essential perceptual attribute in processing living things: colour. This study assessed a group of young healthy participants to determine differences in naming living things and artifacts in a naming task using black-and-white pictures. The stimuli used were matched according to the major lexical-semantic variables: name agreement, visual complexity, lexical frequency, conceptual familiarity, age of acquisition, number of syllables, and number of phonemes. The results show that healthy participants are more accurate and faster at naming when categorizing artifacts and that artifacts have an advantage over the category living things in which colour is a key attribute (animals and fruits/vegetables. This advantage is lost in relation to the category body parts in which colour is not an essential attribute for their recognition.

  11. In things we trust? Towards trustability in the internet of things (Extended abstract)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoepman, J.H.

    2012-01-01

    The Internet of Things is nothing new. Yet the imminent confluence of cyberspace and physical space into one ambient intelligent system still poses fundamental research challenges in the area of security, privacy and trustability. We discuss these challenges, and present new approaches that may help

  12. Data stream management system for the future internet of things

    OpenAIRE

    Billet, Benjamin

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is currently characterized by an ever-growing number of networked Things, i.e., devices which have their own identity together with advanced computation and networking capabilities: smartphones, smart watches, smart home appliances, etc. In addition, these Things are being equipped with more and more sensors and actuators that enable them to sense and act on their environment, enabling the physical world to be linked with the virtual world. Specifically, the IoT r...

  13. The research of positioning methods based on Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Dongyao; Liu, Jia; Sun, Hui; Li, Nana; Han, Xueqin

    2013-03-01

    With the advent of Internet of Things time, more and more applications require location-based services. This article describes the concept and basic principles of several of Internet of things positioning technology such as GPS positioning, Base Station positioning, ZigBee positioning. And then the advantages and disadvantages of these types of positioning technologies are compared.

  14. Smart Hospital based on Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Yu

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we propose an architecture and a scheme of smart hospital based on Internet of Things (IOT in order to overcome the disadvantages of the present hospital information system, such as the fixed information point, inflexible networking mode and so on. The key technologies and construction of smart hospital is presented based on understanding of the connotation and architecture of smart hospital. Furthermore, taking a third grade-A hospital as an example, a scheme of smart hospital is given, and its logic structure, application framework, the construction of basic network environment etc. are described in detail. Experiment proves that deployment of smart hospital can effectively solve the prominent problems existing the diagnosis and treatment of hospital and it brings a positive and profound effect for the present diagnosis and treatment mode in hospital.

  15. BIG DATA AND THE INTERNET OF THINGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurelian TITIRISCA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, technology is on an evolution wave both in terms of software (complexes and complete business package software solutions and hardware (increasing processing power for mobile devices, large consume of Internet world wide. The speed with which humans interact with the Internet, use social media and interconnect their devices with other devices is rapidly growing. This desire to stay connected is translated as an exponential growth of volumes of data. Therefore all data that is generated represents the main engine for innovation both in terms of business and technology. Based on unprecedented connectivity among objects and to collect massive amounts of data, Internet of Things (IoT is ready to provide significant business benefits. Organizations are interested to adopt IoT as a business strategy and they must be prepared to address a number of technical and administrative challenges. The purpose of this article is to define the IoT , looking at Big Data.

  16. Identity Management Framework for Internet of Things

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mahalle, Parikshit N.

    -configuring capability and is termed as Internet of Things (IoT). The vision of IoT is to connect every object with computing, communication and sensing ability to the Internet. IoT contains varied range of devices from RFID tags, sensor nodes to the even shoes. Thus, IoT enable nomadic collaboration and communication...... between users and devices, between devices themselves and devices to services. Due to rapid technological advancements in the wireless communications, information coming from uncountable applications and services converged on user devices, communication infrastructure and the Internet are integral part...... that are public can be part of the personal space of multiple users at the same time. Secure interaction in and with IoT, secure data management and exchange, authentication, distributed access control and IdM of the devices are the main challenges. The work carried out in the scope of this thesis addresses...

  17. Internet of Things in Service Innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiangxuan Xu

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Last decade has witnessed rapid growth of Internet of Things (IoT literatures by scientists from technology domain such as computer science, telecommunication and engineering, but very few studies have been done by sociologists and even fewer by economic geographers in service research. The great impact that IoT will bring to service offerings and its spatial consequence is disproportionate to how much research has been done in this area. The paper aims to understand how the adoption of IoT affects the spatial ramification of service offerings and service business. After the theoretical framework and research method, part three explains what the implications of IoT in service context are, why and how IoT enables innovation in services and the current obstacles. Part four further discusses what could be the spatial ramification with the case of China emerging IoT industry in city Wuxi.

  18. On the Capacity Region of ALOHA Protocol for the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Noori, Moslem; Rahimian, Samira; Ardakani, Masoud

    2016-01-01

    Accommodating the needs of a large number of diverse users in the Internet of Things (IoT), notably managing how the users access the common channel, has posed unique challenges to the network designers. In this paper, we study a heterogeneous IoT network consisting of multiple classes of users who may have different service requirements. For this network, we consider the application of irregular repetition slotted ALOHA (IRSA) that is shown to offer large throughput for single-class networks...

  19. Security Framework and Jamming Detection for Internet of Things

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Babar, Sachin D.

    The Internet of Things (IoT) consists of billions of people, things and services having the potential to interact with each other and their environment. This highly interconnected global network structure presents new types of challenges from a security, trust and privacy perspective. Hence...

  20. A Huge Thing

    OpenAIRE

    Wood, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    The fiction of the world is a huge thing because it is in Derrida's words ‘the only thing that can make it possible that I can live and have or let you live, enjoy or have or let you enjoy, to carry you for a few minutes without anything happening,’ in a movement of farewell without beginning, without mourning, with the irresistible force of a whirlpool, or a maelstrom: what Poe calls ‘the immense sweeps and swelters of the whirl.’ The maelstrom sweeps, it is an immense sweep, a sweeping away...

  1. Radiochemistry, PET Imaging, and the Internet of Chemical Things.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Stephen; Kilbourn, Michael R; Scott, Peter J H

    2016-08-24

    The Internet of Chemical Things (IoCT), a growing network of computers, mobile devices, online resources, software suites, laboratory equipment, synthesis apparatus, analytical devices, and a host of other machines, all interconnected to users, manufacturers, and others through the infrastructure of the Internet, is changing how we do chemistry. While in its infancy across many chemistry laboratories and departments, it became apparent when considering our own work synthesizing radiopharmaceuticals for positron emission tomography (PET) that a more mature incarnation of the IoCT already exists. How does the IoCT impact our lives today, and what does it hold for the smart (radio)chemical laboratories of the future? PMID:27610410

  2. Radiochemistry, PET Imaging, and the Internet of Chemical Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    The Internet of Chemical Things (IoCT), a growing network of computers, mobile devices, online resources, software suites, laboratory equipment, synthesis apparatus, analytical devices, and a host of other machines, all interconnected to users, manufacturers, and others through the infrastructure of the Internet, is changing how we do chemistry. While in its infancy across many chemistry laboratories and departments, it became apparent when considering our own work synthesizing radiopharmaceuticals for positron emission tomography (PET) that a more mature incarnation of the IoCT already exists. How does the IoCT impact our lives today, and what does it hold for the smart (radio)chemical laboratories of the future? PMID:27610410

  3. In Things We Trust? : Towards trustability in the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Hoepman, J.H.

    2011-01-01

    The Internet of Things is nothing new. First introduced as Ubiquitous Computing by Mark Weiser [49] around 1990, the basic concept of the “disappearing computer” has been studied as Ambient Intelligence or Pervasive Computing in the decades that followed. Today we witness the first large scale applications of these ideas. We see RFID technology being used in logistics, shopping, public transport and the like. The use of smart phones is soaring. Many of them are able to determine their locatio...

  4. How verbs can activate things: Cross-language activation across word classes

    OpenAIRE

    Vandeberg, L.; Guadalupe, T.; Zwaan, R. de

    2011-01-01

    The present study explored whether language-nonselective access in bilinguals occurs across word classes in a sentence context. Dutch–English bilinguals were auditorily presented with English (L2) sentences while looking at a visual world. The sentences contained interlingual homophones from distinct lexical categories (e.g., the English verb spoke, which overlaps phonologically with the Dutch noun for ghost, spook). Eye movement recordings showed that depictions of referents of the Dutch (L1...

  5. Implementation of the Internet of Things on Public Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Kesheng; Li, Xichun

    The development of the Internet of Things will occur within a new ecosystem that will be driven by a number of key players. The public security as one of the key players is going to make real-time communications will be possible not only by humans but also by things at anytime and from anywhere. This research will present the advent of the Internet of Things to create a plethora of innovative applications and services, which will enhance quality of life and reduce inequalities.

  6. Survey of Security and Privacy Issues of Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TuhinBorgohain

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a general survey of all the security issues existing in the Internet of Things (IoT along with an analysis of the privacy issues that an end-user may face as a consequence of the spread of IoT. The majority of the survey is focused on the security loopholes arising out of the information exchange technologies used in Internet of Things. No countermeasure to the security drawbacks has been analyzed in the paper.

  7. OPTIMIZING SMART THINGS ADDRESSING THROUGH THE ZIGBEE-BASED INTERNET OF THINGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tariq Lasloum

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Devices are becoming increasingly interconnected; linked with each other and with humans. The internet of things(IoT concept is currently used in machine to machine (M2M applications like power, gas, and oil utilities transmission and transport. The most profound challenge that IoT faces is how to connect several very different devices into a network of things. In this regard, the standard for sending information between devices supporting IoT is called ZigBee, also known as the IEEE 802.15.4-2006 standard: ZigBee is indispensable to the functioning of the IoT. In this paper, OPNET has been used to simulate two quite differently scaled Wireless Sensor Network environments. The two environments had quite different ZigBee topologies; thus, an analysis of the performance in regard to each topology could be made. We propose,ZigBee as optional addressing method for smart-things making up the smart world which facilitates the transmission and analysis of data automatically.

  8. Smart Context-aware Rejuvenation of Engagement on Urban Ambient Augmented Things

    OpenAIRE

    Kamal, Rossi; Hong, Choong Seon

    2016-01-01

    The concern over global urbanization trend imposes smart-city as enabling information and communication technology (ICT) to improve urban governance. However, the light trance on better living space is stimulated by socioeconomic impact of escalated senior generation. Hence, ambient assisted living (AAL) emerges for the autonomous provisioning of pervasive things or objects from relevant perturbation for advanced scientific instrumentation. Meanwhile, citizens are observed in being transfixed...

  9. INTERNET OF THINGS – SOME ETHICAL ISSUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela POPESCUL

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to treat aspects that are related to the sensitivity of data, information and knowledge transmitted through Internet of Things, helping all people interested in these new ICT technologies to become aware of some ethical issues. In this new media, which is no more in its infancy, the vulnerabilities and attacks are various, caused by technological advances and proliferated through lack of users’ awareness. This warning message is needed because of data, information and knowledge transfer from virtual to physical devices that are connected to wireless networks of different sizes and importance. The transfer is augmented by the extended use of new technologies as RFID, NFC, sensors, 3G and 4G and brings along the adjustment of the traditional information security threats to this new environment, as well as the emergence of new characteristic dangers. The problems treated here are of interest both for each of us, as individuals, and for the organizations managers – especially in a world in which the borderline between the physical and virtual life is becoming more and more difficult to draw.

  10. Internet Of Things-Changing The Game

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deendayal Choudhary

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Internet of things is emerging to be a promising trend towards an era of connectivity. IoT is powered by the internet boom and all the different devices connected to it that share data and communicate with each other. The applications of IoT range from smart clothes to smart cities to healthcare and security and so on. This paper deals with the scope of gaming as an application of IoT. Gamers today demand complete freedom in gaming experience and are always asking for more. To provide this the technology must be invisible yet omnipresent-thats the essence of IoT. Alternate reality gaming is the genre of gaming that has close resemblance to the essence of IoT. ARGs are driven by storyline and typically supported through some type of online game portal that manages the game. Websites social media tools media broadcasts phone calls text messages and sometimes person-to-person interactions are all potential elements that move the storyline along. In ARGs a story drives the game play and players are performing activities that mirror their real life. It also explores the scope of IoT games beyond just gaming and into the business world.

  11. Back in the'Jing of Things

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JEANNIE IVANOV

    2010-01-01

    @@ I've just returned to Beijing after a five-week stint at home for Christmas. Of the many questions thrown at me by friends and family about the merits of living in the East, the most common by far was, "What do you miss most while you're not living in the UK?" It was closely followed by, "Do they really eat dog there?" and "What does it taste like.?" My standard answer to the "what do you miss" question--especially when asked by my mother--was "friends and family."

  12. Review of Wonderful Things: A History of Egyptology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathleen Sheppard

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Review of Wonderful Things: A History of Egyptology, Volume 1: From Antiquity to 1881, by Jason Thompson, Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, 352 pages, $39.95, 2015, ISBN: 9789774165993

  13. User Requirements for Internet Of Things (IoT) Applications : An Observational study

    OpenAIRE

    Namirimu, Victoria

    2015-01-01

    Context. Internet of Things (IoT) is a new trending phase of technology. IoT refers to communication and connectivity between things such as technological devices, actuators, sensors, and people or processes with unique identifiers. The importance of IoT is to improve the daily living standards of an average user. IoT is made for the people and used by the people for many reasons such as improved health, business innovations, and personal health trackers. Examples of IoT applications and serv...

  14. Implementation of an Internet of Things Device Management Interface

    OpenAIRE

    Ocak, Mert

    2014-01-01

    The Internet is growing from connecting only computers and mobile devices to connecting also objects in the real life to the Internet, to create an Internet of Things (IoT). Interconnected Internet of Things unveils the environmental data from these objects to the use of complex applications and systems in the Internet and the cloud, which is supposed to make the boundaries between the real world and the digital world transparent. However, these devices will mainly be resource constrained, si...

  15. The Effects of Student Involvement and College Environment on Students' Learning and Living Experience at World-Class Research Universities in China: A Comparative Case Study of the University of Hong Kong (HKU) and Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Roy Yew-Hung

    2011-01-01

    This comparative research examined the effects of student involvement and college environment on students' learning and living experience delivered by two aspiring world-class universities in Hong Kong and Shanghai. Few studies have shown how the levels of student involvement and college environment can benefit students at world-class institution.…

  16. A Survey on the Internet of Things Software Arhitecture

    OpenAIRE

    Nicoleta-Cristina Gaitan; Vasile Gheorghita Gaitan; Ioan Ungurean

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is a concept and a paradigm that considers the pervasive presence in the environment of a variety of things/objects through wired or wireless that are uniquely addressed and are able to interact with each other and cooperate with other things/objects in order to create new applications/services and to achieve common objectives. IoT defines a new world where the real, the digital and the virtual converge to create an environment that makes the energy, transport, ci...

  17. The Thingness of the Thing: The Role of Everyday Objects in Becket Miracle Windows

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasiliu Dana

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In “The Waning of the Middle Ages”, J. Huizinga has pointed out that “all things would be absurd if their meaning would be exhausted by their function and their place in the phenomenal world, if by their essence they did not reach into a world beyond this.” (1924:201 Starting from this assumption, I purport to analyze the role/roles played by everyday/ordinary objects in the miracle stories depicted in the Trinity Chapel glazing and argue that their individuation/haecceity is subject to practices of ritualistic and artistic encodings

  18. Towards an Environmental Internet of Things [IoT

    OpenAIRE

    Hart, Jane K.; Martinez, Kirk

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things is a term which has emerged to describe the increase of Internet connectivity of everyday objects. While wireless sensor networks have developed highly energy efficient designs they need a step change in their interoperability and usability to become essential tools in the study of our environment. This paper shows how Internet of Things (IoT) can be seen as a natural evolution of environmental sensing systems. We discuss the different styles and examples of IoT systems...

  19. Mutton Traceability Method Based on Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Wu Min-Ning; Zhang-Xing Li; Zhang Yong-Heng; Zhang Feng

    2014-01-01

    In order to improve the mutton traceability efficiency for Internet of Things and solve the problem of data transmission, analyzed existing tracking algorithm, proposed the food traceability application model, Petri network model of food traceability and food traceability of time series data of improved K-means algorithm based on the Internet of things. The food traceability application model to convert, integrate and mine the heterogeneous information, implementation of the food safety trace...

  20. Shortest Paths Based Web Service Selection in Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiangdong Yin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The connecting of things to the Internet makes it possible for smart things to access all kinds of Web services. However, smart things are energy-limited, and suitable selection of Web services will consume less resources. In this paper, we study the problem of selecting some Web service from the candidate set. We formulate this selection of Web services for smart things as single-source many-target shortest path problem. We design algorithms based on the Dijkstra and breadth-first search algorithms, propose an efficient pruning algorithm for breadth-first search, and analyze their performance of number of iterations and I/O cost. Our empirical evaluation on real-life graphs shows that our pruning algorithm is more efficient than the breadth-first search algorithm.

  1. Internet of Things: A Challenge for Software Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Consel, Charles; Kabac, Milan

    2014-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) has become a reality with the emergence of Smart Cities, populated with large amounts of smart objects which are used to deliver a range of citizen services (e.g., security, well being, etc.) The IoT paradigm relies on the pervasive presence of smart objects or "things", which raises a number of new challenges in the software engineering domain.

  2. VEGF-B: a thing of beauty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xuri Li

    2010-01-01

    More than a decade ago, when we first embarked on our journey to delineate the biological function of vascular endothelial growth factor B (VEGF-B),we had a hard time comprehending why VEGF-B was needed. In mice, geneticdeletion of VEGF-B seemed to be harmless, since the VEGF-B null mice, to a large extent, can still live a fairly normal life [1].

  3. How verbs can activate things: cross-language activation across word classes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandeberg, Lisa; Guadalupe, Tulio; Zwaan, Rolf A

    2011-09-01

    The present study explored whether language-nonselective access in bilinguals occurs across word classes in a sentence context. Dutch-English bilinguals were auditorily presented with English (L2) sentences while looking at a visual world. The sentences contained interlingual homophones from distinct lexical categories (e.g., the English verb spoke, which overlaps phonologically with the Dutch noun for ghost, spook). Eye movement recordings showed that depictions of referents of the Dutch (L1) nouns attracted more visual attention than unrelated distractor pictures in sentences containing homophones. This finding shows that native language objects are activated during second language verb processing despite the structural information provided by the sentence context. PMID:21696694

  4. A Survey on the Internet of Things Software Arhitecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicoleta-Cristina Gaitan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Internet of Things (IoT is a concept and a paradigm that considers the pervasive presence in the environment of a variety of things/objects through wired or wireless that are uniquely addressed and are able to interact with each other and cooperate with other things/objects in order to create new applications/services and to achieve common objectives. IoT defines a new world where the real, the digital and the virtual converge to create an environment that makes the energy, transport, city, and many other areas to become more intelligent. The IoT purposed is to validate the connection type: anytime, anywhere, and everything and everyone. IoT may be considered as a network of physical objects with embedded communication technologies that 'feel' or interact with internal or external environment. This paper presents a survey on the Internet of Things software architectures that meets the requirements listed above.

  5. Security Framework and Jamming Detection for Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Babar, Sachin D.

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) consists of billions of people, things and services having the potential to interact with each other and their environment. This highly interconnected global network structure presents new types of challenges from a security, trust and privacy perspective. Hence, security for IoT will be a critical concern that must be addressed in order to enable several current and future applications. The resource constrained devices such as cell phones, PDAs, RFIDs, sensor nod...

  6. Managing the Internet of Things based on its Social Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Nitti, Michele

    2014-01-01

    Society is moving towards an “always connected” paradigm, where the Internet user is shifting from persons to things, leading to the so called Internet of Things (IoT) scenario. The IoT vision integrates a large number of technologies and foresees to embody a variety of smart objects around us (such as sensors, actuators, smartphones, RFID, etc.) that, through unique addressing schemes and standard communication protocols, are able to interact with each Others and cooperate with their neighbo...

  7. IETF standardization in the field of the Internet of Things (IoT): a survey

    OpenAIRE

    Piet Demeester; Ingrid Moerman; Eli De Poorter; Floris Van den Abeele; Girum K. Teklemariam; Jeroen Hoebeke; David Carels; Isam Ishaq

    2013-01-01

    Smart embedded objects will become an important part of what is called the Internet of Things. However, the integration of embedded devices into the Internet introduces several challenges, since many of the existing Internet technologies and protocols were not designed for this class of devices. In the past few years, there have been many efforts to enable the extension of Internet technologies to constrained devices. Initially, this resulted in proprietary protocols and architectures. Later,...

  8. On the Design of MAC Protocol and Transmission Scheduling for Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Chaturvedi, Tanmay; Kai LI; Yuen, Chau; Sharma, Abhishek; Dai, Linglong; Zhang, Meng

    2016-01-01

    With the ubiquitous sensing enabled by wireless sensor network technologies, Internet of Things (IoT) is developed to many areas of modern day living. The inexpensive IoT devices and platforms capable of wireless communications enable the ability to measure, infer and understand environmental indicators, from delicate ecologies and natural resources to urban environments. In this paper, we firstly investigate a scalable multimode-based MAC protocol, IoT-MAC, which consists of a channel conten...

  9. Enhancing the Dialogue in Simultaneous Class-Based and Live Video-Streamed Teaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jelsbak, Vibe Alopaeus; Ørngreen, Rikke; Thorsen, Jonas;

    2015-01-01

    The bachelor programme in biomedical laboratory analysis at VIA University College in Aarhus has established a blended class concept which combines traditional and live broadcast teaching. 1-2 days a week students have the choice either to attend teaching sessions in the traditional way or to work...... from home via the Internet. In live video-streamed teaching classes teachers tend to choose one-way communication instead of dialogue. We know from our early findings that technology issues are one of the main reasons for this, since the same teachers use dialogue and discussions in traditional...

  10. Intersecting the Architecture of the Internet of Things with the Future Retail Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magerkurth, Carsten; Haller, Stephan; Hagedorn, Pascal

    This paper discusses the approach of SAP Research in Switzerland to investigate, develop and evaluate future Internet of Things architectures and prototypes with their unique combination of three scientific pillars: SAP Research combines an environment of co-located academic education at leading universities ("Campus-Based Engineering Centers") with the concept of living laboratories in which real-world prototypes and systems are rigorously tested. SAP Research Switzerland hosts the "Future Retail Center" (FRC) in order to validate innovations in the retail industry. As an orthogonal element, we also structure our research activities in technological dimensions as opposed to the industry-specific living labs. The "Smart Items Research Program" bundles and focuses all research topics that are related to Ambient Intelligence (AmI), Internet of Things, and Pervasive Computing. With the researchers from the engineering centers, the industry focus in the living labs, and the different research projects and research programs, a holistic research perspective is created that ensures a highly effective and focused execution of research, unifying technical Internet of Things architectures with the corresponding business needs and forming a unique landscape of innovation.

  11. Design and Implementation of an Enterprise Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Jing; Zhao, Huiqun; Wang, Ka; Zhang, Houyong; Hu, Gongzhu

    Since the notion of "Internet of Things" (IoT) introduced about 10 years ago, most IoT research has focused on higher level issues, such as strategies, architectures, standardization, and enabling technologies, but studies of real cases of IoT are still lacking. In this paper, a real case of Internet of Things called ZB IoT is introduced. It combines the Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) with EPC global standards in the system design, and focuses on the security and extensibility of IoT in its implementation.

  12. Internet of Things Technology and its Applications in Smart Grid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Hua

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Smart grid is the latest trend of development and reform in today’s world, and it is also a major technological innovation and development trend in the 21st century. Internet of Things technology is a new information processing and acquisition method, and it has been widely used in intelligent transportation, environmental monitoring and other fields. Internet of Things is an important technical mean to promote the development of smart grid. Using Internet of Things technology can effectively integrate the infrastructure resources in communications and electrical power system, increase the level of power system information, and improve the utilization efficiency of infrastructures in the existing power system. In this paper, the concept of smart grid and Internet of Things are briefed, thus the urgency of its applications in smart grid are pointed out. Meanwhile, a research and design in the construction of smart grid which is based on Internet of things are made, and the design and implementation in typical application links, including wind power prediction, condition monitoring of overhead transmission lines, power monitoring, smart home and asset management are elaborated emphatically. Finally, the problems in applications and future research direction are also analyzed.

  13. A Survey on Energy Conserving Mechanisms for the Internet of Things: Wireless Networking Aspects

    OpenAIRE

    Zeeshan Abbas; Wonyong Yoon

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is an emerging key technology for future industries and everyday lives of people, where a myriad of battery operated sensors, actuators, and smart objects are connected to the Internet to provide services such as mobile healthcare, intelligent transport system, environmental monitoring, etc. Since energy efficiency is of utmost importance to these battery constrained IoT devices, IoT-related standards and research works have focused on the device energy conserving...

  14. The Internet of Things (IoT: An Overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antar Shaddad Abdul-Qawy

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Information and Communications Technology (ICT controls our daily behaviors. It becomes a main part of our life critical infrastructure bringing interconnection of heterogeneous devices in different aspects. Personal computing, sensing, surveillance, smart homes, entertainment, transportation and video streaming are examples, to name a few. As a critical living entity, Internet is contentiously changing and evolving leading to emerging new technologies, applications, protocols and algorithms. Acceleration of wireless communication trends brings an ever growing innovation in Internet connectivity and mobile broadband. Infrastructureless communication devices become ubiquitous, smart, powerful, connectible, smaller, cheaper, and easier to deploy and install. This opens a new future direction in the society of ICT: the Internet of Things (IoT. Nowadays, the IoT, early defined as Machine-to-Machine (M2M communications, becomes a key concern of ICT world and research communities. In this paper, we provide an overview study of the IoT paradigm, its concepts, principles and potential benefits. Specifically, we focus on the IoT major technologies, emerging protocols, and widespread applications. This overview can help those who start approaching the IoT world aiming to understand and participate to its development.

  15. Role of Colonial Subjects in Making Themselves Inferior in Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart

    OpenAIRE

    Zahra Sadeghi

    2014-01-01

    Chinua Achebe in his novel Things Fall Apart gives us a unique picture of life in Africa before the arrival of Christianity and colonization and the era afterwards. He shows how African people lost their traditional culture and values, replacing them with foreign beliefs. In this article, the way black people lived before the arrival of white people, how they encountered and reacted to white colonizers, in addition to how they converted to Christianity and subsequently to White culture, as po...

  16. Is LiFePO4 Technology Ready for Internet of Things?

    OpenAIRE

    Andre Loechte; Frederik Hoffmann; Christine Krimphove; Gregor Rebel; Peter Gloesekoetter

    2014-01-01

    While self-sufficient sensors and actors are about to pave the way for a new computing class, associate Internet of Things applications will highly depend on efficient and reliable storage of electrical energy. Likewise the same is true for electrical based transport systems requiring light weights and high capacities. Recently, novel LiFePO4 based storage cell types with standardized form-factors have become available. These cells tend to be promising in terms of high energy densities, low s...

  17. The Wiselib TupleStore: A Modular RDF Database for the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Hasemann, Henning; Kröller, Alexander; Pagel, Max

    2014-01-01

    The Internet of Things movement provides self-configuring and universally interoperable devices. While such devices are often built with a specific application in mind, they often turn out to be useful in other contexts as well. We claim that by describing the devices' knowledge in a universal way, IoT devices can become first-class citizens in the Internet. They can then exchange data between heterogeneous hardware, different applications and large data sources on the Web. Our key idea --- i...

  18. Access Control with RFID in the Internet of Things

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Steffen Elstrøm Holst; Jacobsen, Rune Hylsberg

    2013-01-01

    , to the Internet is suggested. The solution uses virtual representations of objects by using low-cost, passive RFID tags to give objects identities on the Internet. A prototype that maps an RFID identity into an IPv6 address is constructed. It is illustrated how this approach can be used in access control systems......Future Internet research is needed to bring the Internet and the Things closer to each other to form the Internet of Things. As objects in our daily life gradually become smarter, there is an increasing benefit of networking these objects. In this article, a method to couple objects, the Things...... based on open network protocols and packet filtering. The solution includes a novel RFID reader architecture that supports the internetworking of components of a future access control system based on network layer technology....

  19. Internet of Things (IoT) in Agriculture - Selected Aspects

    OpenAIRE

    M. Stočes; J. Vaněk; J. Masner; J. Pavlík

    2016-01-01

    Article analyzes chosen aspects of Internet of Things (IoT) in general and in regards to its specific uses in agriculture, which is one of the areas where IoT is commonly implemented. It serves as a primary delve into the issues of IoT as part of the grant received from Internal Grant Agency of Faculty of Economics and Management at CULS Prague called “Potential use of the Internet of Things, with emphasis on rural development and agrarian sector”. Article overviews IoT equipment categorizati...

  20. Connecting Marine Uninterruptible Power Systems to Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Sorva, Esko

    2016-01-01

    Internet of Things (IoT) refers to a state of development where the Internet expands to cover physical things and objects in similar manner like it currently connects people using computers and mobile devices. It is predicted, that these new types of Internet users will exceed the number of human users and become the largest group of Internet users and content creators. The anticipated economy boosting impact of IoT is predicted to be comparable to those of the preceding industrialization and...

  1. Introduction to Devices Orchestration in Internet of Things Using SBPMN

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandro González García; Manuel Álvarez Álvarez; Jordán Pascual Espada; Oscar Sanjuán Martínez; Juan Manuel Cueva Lovelle; Cristina Pelayo G-Bustelo

    2011-01-01

    In this research we try to provide an architecture that allows the orchestration of objects that are part of the Internet of things creating business processes. Internet of Things is still in full development; this implies that there is a lack of standards for its proper implementation. Among these gaps is for example the technology used to allow objects to connect to the network, since there are several options but none seems to end imposed that is why this work try to provide architecture t...

  2. Advances onto the Internet of Things how ontologies make the Internet of Things meaningful

    CERN Document Server

    Re, Giuseppe

    2014-01-01

    The title of this book is a pun on the use of the preposition “onto” with the aim of recalling “Ontology”, the term commonly adopted in the computer science community to indicate the study of the formal specification for organizing knowledge. In the field of knowledge engineering, Ontologies are used for modeling concepts and relationships on some domain. The year 2013 celebrates the twentieth anniversary of the World Wide Web. The simple network of hypermedia has transformed the world of communications with enormous implications on the social relationships.  However, traditional World Wide Web is currently experiencing a challenging evolution toward the Internet of Things (IoT), today feasible thanks to the integration of pervasive technologies capable of sensing the environment.  The most important contribution of IoT regards the possibility of enabling more efficient machine-to-machine cooperation. To such aim, ontologies represent the most suitable tool to enable transfer and comprehension of in...

  3. Internet of Things: Applications and Challenges in Technology and Standardization

    OpenAIRE

    Bandyopadhyay, Debasis; Sen, Jaydip

    2011-01-01

    The phrase Internet of Things (IoT) heralds a vision of the future Internet where connecting physical things, from banknotes to bicycles, through a network will let them take an active part in the Internet, exchanging information about themselves and their surroundings. This will give immediate access to information about the physical world and the objects in it leading to innovative services and increase in efficiency and productivity. This paper studies the state-of-the-art of IoT and prese...

  4. Smart Waste Management using Internet of Things Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru Costin Avram

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper showcases a potential design for an Internet of Things gateway that can be used to provide a framework for a Smart Waste Management System. The advantage that this solution gives to the problem of collecting data, processing it and outputting the result action is provided by the protocols used, adapted from technology that has proven itself mature. Protocols like IPv6, HTTP, SSL are synonymous today with the Internet and adapting them to the nature of the embedded computing in the Internet of Things can build upon previous experience.

  5. The Live In-Class CEO Intervention: A Capstone Experiential Technique for Leadership Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rashford, Nicholas S.; de Figueiredo, Joao Neiva

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a pedagogical technique that has been used successfully for more than 35 years in business education, primarily as a capstone experience in MBA and Executive MBA programs: the live in-class CEO intervention method. This method consists of a CEO bringing to the classroom a strategic issue that she or he is currently…

  6. Research on Application of Internet of Things in the Disposal of Environmental Emergency

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu Yanju

    2015-01-01

    Internet of things is an important part of a new generation of information technology and also an important stage of Information Age. Application of Internet of things in the disposal of environmental emergency is an inevitable trend of application of Internet of things in the field of environmental protection. This paper summarizes the principle, process and application field of Internet of things, and focuses on the general frame-work of environmental emergency disposal system based on Inte...

  7. Representing and Reasoning with the Internet of Things: a Modular Rule-Based Model for Ensembles of Context-Aware Smart Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. W. Loke

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Context-aware smart things are capable of computational behaviour based on sensing the physical world, inferring context from the sensed data, and acting on the sensed context. A collection of such things can form what we call a thing-ensemble, when they have the ability to communicate with one another (over a short range network such as Bluetooth, or the Internet, i.e. the Internet of Things (IoT concept, sense each other, and when each of them might play certain roles with respect to each other. Each smart thing in a thing-ensemble might have its own context-aware behaviours which when integrated with other smart things yield behaviours that are not straightforward to reason with. We present Sigma, a language of operators, inspired from modular logic programming, for specifying and reasoning with combined behaviours among smart things in a thing-ensemble. We show numerous examples of the use of Sigma for describing a range of behaviours over a diverse range of thing-ensembles, from sensor networks to smart digital frames, demonstrating the versatility of our approach. We contend that our operator approach abstracts away low-level communication and protocol details, and allows systems of context-aware things to be designed and built in a compositional and incremental manner.

  8. Designing the Internet of Things for Learning Environmentally Responsible Behaviour

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Jun; van der Vlist, Bram; Niezen, Gerrit; Willemsen, Willem; Willems, Don; Feijs, Loe

    2013-01-01

    We present two designs in the area of the Internet of Things, utilizing the ontology-driven Smart Objects For Intelligent Applications (SOFIA) Interoperability Platform (IOP). The IOP connects domestic objects in the physical world to the information world, allowing for coaching the behaviour of, or raising awareness in, domestic energy…

  9. The Internet of Things and Ubiquitous Intelligence (1)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dongliang Xie; Yu Wang

    2011-01-01

    @@ 1 Introduction 1.1 Technical Characteristics of the Internet of Things and Sensor Networks Inspired by new technologies in computing, microelectronics, communications networking, and man-machine interaction, society has shifted its focus from network connection services to ubiquitous information services.

  10. Risk and the Internet of Things: Damocles, Pythia, or Pandora?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showell, Chris

    2016-01-01

    The Internet of Things holds great promise for healthcare, but also embodies a number of risks. This analysis suggests that the risks are as yet poorly delineated (having features in common with the oracle Pythia, and with Pandora and her box), and that adopting the precautionary principle is appropriate. PMID:27071871

  11. On Internet and Internet of things%论 Internet与 Internet of Things

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾华燊

    2012-01-01

    从Internet发展历史及应用环境变化的角度讨论IoT( Internet of Things)提出背景、内涵、组成结构和体系结构等关键问题.在分析对IoT的典型定义的基础上,笔者认为“ITU把IoT作为Internet平台在应用领域实现人、机、和智能化物理对象(SPO)信息全方位互通和实践普适计算理念的下一代Internet及其应用系统的概括”是对IoT更为合理的广义定义.以该定义为基础,全面地分析了“由多个用户域网(CPN)通过骨干通信子网互联”的基本组成结构,讨论了两类SPO-CPN的基本组成结构及其支撑技术;指出SPO的引入主要影响CPN资源网络中的接入部分,属于应用系统的范畴,对Internet基本技术影响甚微.笔者不赞同以欧盟为代表的把IoT定义为联物专用网的狭义定义,指出其IoT模型和体系结构研究混淆了网络平台与应用系统,实质上是网络应用系统模型和体系结构.%Based on the analysis of development history and application environment changes of Internet, this paper provided a comprehensive discussion on the incentive, connotation, organization, and some key issues of the Internet of Things (IoT). On the basis of the analysis of the typical definition of IoT, the author believed that " the full range of information interoperability ITU to IoT as an Internet platform in the application areas of human, machine, and intelligent physical objects (SPO) and the next generation Internet applications generalization of Pervasive Computing (Ubiquitous Computing) concept " is a more reasonable broad definition of the IoT. Based on this definition, the author analyzed the basic organization of IoT, which consisted of interconnected multiple Customer Premises Network (CPN) via backbone Subnetworks, and examined two types of components of SPO-CPN and their supporting techniques. It was also pointed out that introduction of SPO has little impact on Internet technology, except on access part of

  12. "War, Guns, and Cool, Tough Things": Interrogating Single-Sex Classes as a Strategy for Engaging Boys in English.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martino, Wayne; Meyenn, Bob

    2002-01-01

    Investigates impact/effects of implementing single-sex classes, particularly as a strategy for engaging boys in the English classroom at a Catholic coeducational school (Perth, Western Australia). Uses semi-structured interviews with English teachers at the school to analyze teacher perceptions of single-sex classes in the coeducational context.…

  13. Research on Service Platform of Internet of Things for Smart City

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, W.; He, Z; D. Huang; Zhang, X.

    2014-01-01

    The application of Internet of Things in surveying and mapping industry basically is at the exploration stage, has not formed a unified standard. Chongqing Institute of Surveying and Mapping (CQISM) launched the research p roject "Research on the Technology of Internet of Things for Smart City". The project focuses on the key technologies of information transmission and exchange on the Internet of Things platform. The data standards of Internet of Things are designed. The real-time a...

  14. Nordic children’s ideas about living things in the sea

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stougaard, Birgitte

    The aim of the study is to explores what kind of ideas eight years old children in the Nordic countries have about life in the sea according to their drawings. It aim is also to see if there is a difference between their ideas and if so, what kind of difference. The children were asked to draw...

  15. Application of Multi Factor Authentication in Internet of Things Domain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Udit

    2015-08-01

    Authentication forms the gateway to any secure system. Together with integrity, confidentiality and authorization it helps in preventing any sort of intrusions into the system. Up until a few years back password based authentication was the most common form of authentication to any secure network. But with the advent of more sophisticated technologies this form of authentication although still widely used has become insecure. Furthermore, with the rise of 'Internet of Things' where the number of devices would grow manifold it would be infeasible for user to remember innumerable passwords. Therefore, it's important to address this concern by devising ways in which multiple forms of authentication would be required to gain access to any smart devices and at the same time its usability would be high. In this paper, a methodology is discussed as to what kind of authentication mechanisms could be deployed in internet of things (IOT).

  16. Secure management of logs in internet of things

    OpenAIRE

    Udit Gupta

    2015-01-01

    Ever since the advent of computing, managing data has been of extreme importance. With innumerable devices getting added to network infrastructure, there has been a proportionate increase in the data which needs to be stored. With the advent of Internet of Things (IOT) it is anticipated that billions of devices will be a part of the internet in another decade. Since those devices will be communicating with each other on a regular basis with little or no human intervention, plethora of real ti...

  17. Swarm Intelligence for Perception Layer Design of Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Feng Tian; Enyan Sun; Chuanyun Wang; Na Lin

    2013-01-01

    Internet of Things is the extension and expansion of Internet from the virtual world to the real world, in which a large number of resource-constrained devices are used to collaborative perception, and it identifies objects and gathers information in the case of no centralized control, no global model. However, the swarm intelligence can take advantage of many simple autonomous individuals to exhibit complex emergent behaviors. In this paper, the characteristics and commonality of perception ...

  18. FCJ-168 Do objects dream of an internet of things?

    OpenAIRE

    Teodor Mitew

    2014-01-01

    This paper develops the notion of heteroclite sociable objects in the context of the emerging internet of things, and examines their transformative effect for understandings of sociability and agency. The notion of sociable objects attempts to capture the heterogeneous identity-shift occurring when heretofore obscure and mute objects ranging from toasters to thermostats acquire the agencies to leave semantically distinct traces online, and detour their human interlocutors into an object-media...

  19. A gap analysis of Internet-of-Things platforms

    OpenAIRE

    Mineraud, Julien; Mazhelis, Oleksiy; Su, Xiang; Tarkoma, Sasu

    2015-01-01

    We are experiencing an abundance of Internet-of-Things (IoT) middleware solutions that provide connectivity for sensors and actuators to the Internet. To gain a widespread adoption, these middleware solutions, referred to as platforms, have to meet the expectations of different players in the IoT ecosystem, including device providers, application developers, and end-users, among others. In this article, we evaluate a representative sample of these platforms, both proprietary and open-source, ...

  20. A gap analysis of Internet-of-Things platforms

    OpenAIRE

    Mineraud, Julien; Mazhelis, Oleksiy; Su, Xiang; Tarkoma, Sasu

    2016-01-01

    We are experiencing an abundance of Internet-of-Things (IoT) middleware solutions that provide connectivity for sensors and actuators to the Internet. To gain a widespread adoption, these middleware solutions, referred to as platforms, have to meet the expectations of different players in the IoT ecosystem, including device providers, application developers, and end-users, among others. In this article, we evaluate a representative sample of these platforms, both proprietary and open-sour...

  1. A gap analysis of Internet-of-Things platforms

    OpenAIRE

    Mineraud, Julien; Mazhelis, Oleksiy; Su, Xiang; Tarkoma, Sasu

    2015-01-01

    We are experiencing an abundance of Internet-of-Things (IoT) middleware solutions that provide connectivity for sensors and actuators to the Internet. To gain a widespread adoption, these middleware solutions, referred to as platforms, have to meet the expectations of different players in the IoT ecosystem, including device providers, application developers, and end-users, among others. In this article, we evaluate a representative sample of these platforms, both proprietary and open-sour...

  2. The Importance of Sensors to the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Bremner, Duncan

    2015-01-01

    The excitement and hype surrounding the emerging technology market known as the Internet of Things (IoT) has attracted a great deal of attention from industry, business leaders, and governments alike. According to Cisco estimates1, the IoT will create a $14 Trillion global opportunity, and Business Insider predict it will be the largest market for technology hardware ever 2. If these are correct, the impact on traditional business models through the adoption of new technology with...

  3. Analysis of Camera Arrays Applicable to the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Jiachen Yang; Ru Xu; Zhihan Lv; Houbing Song

    2016-01-01

    The Internet of Things is built based on various sensors and networks. Sensors for stereo capture are essential for acquiring information and have been applied in different fields. In this paper, we focus on the camera modeling and analysis, which is very important for stereo display and helps with viewing. We model two kinds of cameras, a parallel and a converged one, and analyze the difference between them in vertical and horizontal parallax. Even though different kinds of camera arrays are...

  4. [Implementation of ECG Monitoring System Based on Internet of Things].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Liangliang; Chen, Minya

    2015-11-01

    In order to expand the capabilities of hospital's traditional ECG device and enhance medical staff's work efficiency, an ECG monitoring system based on internet of things is introduced. The system can monitor ECG signals in real time and analyze data using ECG sensor, PDA, Web servers, which embeds C language, Android systems, .NET, wireless network and other technologies. After experiments, it can be showed that the system has high reliability and stability and can bring the convenience to medical staffs. PMID:27066681

  5. The Role of the Internet of Things in Network Resilience

    OpenAIRE

    Petersen, Hauke; Baccelli, Emmanuel; Wählisch, Matthias; Schmidt, Thomas; Schiller, Jochen

    2014-01-01

    Disasters lead to devastating structural damage not only to buildings and transport infrastructure, but also to other critical infras-tructure, such as the power grid and communication backbones. Follow-ing such an event, the availability of minimal communication services is however crucial to allow efficient and coordinated disaster response, to enable timely public information, or to provide individuals in need with a default mechanism to post emergency messages. The Internet of Things cons...

  6. Internet of Things (IoT in Agriculture - Selected Aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Stočes

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Article analyzes chosen aspects of Internet of Things (IoT in general and in regards to its specific uses in agriculture, which is one of the areas where IoT is commonly implemented. It serves as a primary delve into the issues of IoT as part of the grant received from Internal Grant Agency of Faculty of Economics and Management at CULS Prague called “Potential use of the Internet of Things, with emphasis on rural development and agrarian sector”. Article overviews IoT equipment categorization, platforms, standards and network solutions. It focuses on network infrastructure, which is the foundation for IoT implementation. The specific environmental conditions of Czech Republic are also taken into account. Lastly, basic development trends of IoT are defined.

  7. The Web of Things: A Survey (Invited Paper)

    OpenAIRE

    Zixue Cheng; Song Guo; Deze Zeng

    2011-01-01

    In the vision of the Internet of Things (IoT), an increasing number of embedded devices of all sorts (e.g., sensors, mobile phones, cameras, smart meters, smart cars, traffic lights, smart home appliances, etc.) are now capable of communicating and sharing data over the Internet. Although the concept of using embedded systems to control devices, tools and appliances has been proposed for almost decades now, with every new generation, the ever-increasing capabilities of computation and communi...

  8. Underground Parking Guidance System Design Based on Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Jian Wan; Jinzhang Ji; Weifeng Wang; Piling Dong

    2013-01-01

    This pager designed a parking guidance system for the underground parking area characterized by large scale and complicated spatial structure. By using the Internet of Things Technology, a parking guidance framework was put forward. Based on the application of key technologies including car and lots perception, design and optimization of transport network, calculation model of parking guidance, the system could meet the demand of intensive management of the underground parking in large scale ...

  9. Underground Parking Guidance System Design Based on Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian Wan

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This pager designed a parking guidance system for the underground parking area characterized by large scale and complicated spatial structure. By using the Internet of Things Technology, a parking guidance framework was put forward. Based on the application of key technologies including car and lots perception, design and optimization of transport network, calculation model of parking guidance, the system could meet the demand of intensive management of the underground parking in large scale with high stability and reliability, expansibility, maintainability.

  10. Hong Kong Junk: Plague and the Economy of Chinese Things.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peckham, Robert

    2016-01-01

    Histories of the Third Plague Pandemic, which diffused globally from China in the 1890s, have tended to focus on colonial efforts to regulate the movement of infected populations, on the state's draconian public health measures, and on the development of novel bacteriological theories of disease causation. In contrast, this article focuses on the plague epidemic in Hong Kong and examines colonial preoccupations with Chinese "things" as sources of likely contagion. In the 1890s, laboratory science invested plague with a new identity as an object to be collected, cultivated, and depicted in journals. At the same time, in the increasingly vociferous anti-opium discourse, opium was conceived as a contagious Chinese commodity: a plague. The article argues that rethinking responses to the plague through the history of material culture can further our understanding of the political consequences of disease's entanglement with economic and racial categories, while demonstrating the extent to which colonial agents "thought through things." PMID:27040025

  11. Introduction to Devices Orchestration in Internet of Things Using SBPMN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro González García

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In this research we try to provide an architecture that allows the orchestration of objects that are part of the Internet of things creating business processes. Internet of Things is still in full development; this implies that there is a lack of standards for its proper implementation. Among these gaps is for example the technology used to allow objects to connect to the network, since there are several options but none seems to end imposed that is why this work try to provide architecture that imposes an alternative solution to this problem. However, it is difficult to provide a common solution to all the objects used in everyday life because of its great diversity, it requires us to classify them and thus create an appropriate architecture for each of the types These architectures are designed to facilitate the devices orchestration in a similar way as is currently done with web services enabling business process modeling.

  12. Internet of Things Heterogeneous Interoperable Network Architecture Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bhalerao, Dipashree M.

    2014-01-01

    Internet of Thing‘s (IoT) state of the art deduce that there is no mature Internet of Things architecture available. Thesis contributes an abstract generic IoT system reference architecture development with specifications. Novelties of thesis are proposed solutions and implementations....... It is proved that reduction of data at a source will result in huge vertical scalability and indirectly horizontal also. Second non functional feature contributes in heterogeneous interoperable network architecture for constrained Things. To eliminate increasing number of gateways, Wi-Fi access point...... with Bluetooth, Zigbee (new access point is called as BZ-Fi) is proposed. Co-existence of Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and Zigbee network technologies results in interference. To reduce the interference, orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is proposed tobe implemented in Bluetooth and Zigbee. The proposed...

  13. A Roadmap for Interdisciplinary Research on the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Tafazolli, R.; Upstill, C; Aghvarni, H.; Cooper, R; Dutton, W

    2012-01-01

    In mid-2011, the Technology Strategy Board started an integrated programme of work focused on the Internet of Things (IoT), which included strategic investment and the establishment of a Special Interest Group aimed at building and engaging a UK community of innovators and researchers in the IoT. As the portfolio of activities with businesses, academics and other stakeholders progressed, it became apparent to us that the community had a keen interest in taking a more concerted and deeper look...

  14. Research on Key Technology and Applications for Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xian-Yi; Jin, Zhi-Gang

    The Internet of Things (IOT) has been paid more and more attention by the academe, industry, and government all over the world. The concept of IOT and the architecture of IOT are discussed. The key technologies of IOT, including Radio Frequency Identification technology, Electronic Product Code technology, and ZigBee technology are analyzed. The framework of digital agriculture application based on IOT is proposed.

  15. Food Security Information Platform Model Based on Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Lei Zhang; Shanhong Zhu

    2015-01-01

    According to the tracking and tracing requirements of food supply chain management and quality and safety, this study built food security information platform using the Internet of things technology, with reference to the EPC standard, the use of RFID technology, adopting the model of SOA, based on SCOR core processes, researches the food security information platform which can set up the whole process from the source to the consumption of the traceability information, provides food informati...

  16. Lightweight Security Solutions for the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Raza, Shahid

    2013-01-01

    The future Internet will be an IPv6 network interconnecting traditional computers and a large number of smart objects or networks such as Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). This Internet of Things (IoT) will be the foundation of many services and our daily life will depend on its availability and reliable operations. Therefore, among many other issues, the challenge of implementing secure communication in the IoT must be addressed. The traditional Internet has established and tested ways of sec...

  17. Internet of Things: Applications and Challenges in Technology and Standardization

    CERN Document Server

    Bandyopadhyay, Debasis

    2011-01-01

    The phrase Internet of Things (IoT) heralds a vision of the future Internet where connecting physical things, from banknotes to bicycles, through a network will let them take an active part in the Internet, exchanging information about themselves and their surroundings. This will give immediate access to information about the physical world and the objects in it leading to innovative services and increase in efficiency and productivity. This paper studies the state-of-the-art of IoT and presents the key technological drivers,potential applications, challenges and future research areas in the domain of IoT. IoT definitions from different perspective in academic and industry communities are also discussed and compared. Finally some major issues of future research in IoT are identified and discussed briefly.

  18. A novel unified coding analytical method for Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Hong; Zhang, JianHong

    2013-08-01

    This paper presents a novel unified coding analytical method for Internet of Things, which abstracts out the `displacement goods' and `physical objects', and expounds the relationship thereof. It details the item coding principles, establishes a one-to-one relationship between three-dimensional spatial coordinates of points and global manufacturers, can infinitely expand, solves the problem of unified coding in production phase and circulation phase with a novel unified coding method, and further explains how to update the item information corresponding to the coding in stages of sale and use, so as to meet the requirement that the Internet of Things can carry out real-time monitoring and intelligentized management to each item.

  19. Semantic Models for Scalable Search in the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Dennis Pfisterer; Kay Römer; Richard Mietz; Sven Groppe

    2013-01-01

    The Internet of Things is anticipated to connect billions of embedded devices equipped with sensors to perceive their surroundings. Thereby, the state of the real world will be available online and in real-time and can be combined with other data and services in the Internet to realize novel applications such as Smart Cities, Smart Grids, or Smart Healthcare. This requires an open representation of sensor data and scalable search over data from diverse sources including sensors. In this paper...

  20. A Survey on Facilities for Experimental Internet of Things Research

    OpenAIRE

    Gluhak A.; Krco S.; Nati M.; Pfisterer D.; Mitton N.; Razafindralambo T.

    2011-01-01

    The initial vision of the Internet of Things (IoT) was of a world in which all physical objects are tagged and uniquelly identified by RFID transponders. However, the concept has grown into multiple dimensions, encompassing sensor networks able to provide real-world intelligence and goal-oriented collaboration of distributed smart objects via local networks or global interconnections such as the Internet. Despite significant technological advances, difficulties associated with the evaluation ...

  1. Application on Internet of Things Technology Using in Library Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xueqing; Sheng, Wenwen

    Following the computer, Internet and mobile communication network, the Internet of Things (IOT) will bring a new development of information industry, and moreover is a global technology revolution that is bound to have a profound impact on the economic development and social life. This paper analyzes the key technology and working principle of IOT, its development at home and abroad, its application in the library management, and proposes its development direction in the field of library management and promotion programs.

  2. Towards Information Retrieval Characteristics in the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Andrushevich, A.; Kurbatski, A.; Basko, V.; Klapproth, A.

    2013-01-01

    This work describes an initial research for expanding the common characteristics of Information Retrieval (IR) to the appearing Internet of Things (IoT). Starting with latest advances of IoT the authors briefly sketch several examples when IR can become beneficial for end-users. Next, the article gives an analytical interpretation of typical IoT characteristics seen in the recent developments. Resting on common IR procedure and widely used IR metrics as well as using previously...

  3. Safety Inspection System Based on the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Dong-Tao Hu; Yu-Jie Wang; Jian Chen; Ying Sun

    2013-01-01

    The Safety inspection system uses the Internet of things technology to identify the location of mobile terminal automatically and bring up the correspondent safety inspection table through the equipments of Hand-hold Terminal and specific location wireless router. Inspection information including the inspection results, photos or video can be transport to general platform for storing and processing through the wireless network immediately. The process of safety i...

  4. Adaptive Communication Techniques for the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Peng Du; George Roussos

    2013-01-01

    The vision for the Internet of Things (IoT) demands that material objects acquire communications and computation capabilities and become able to automatically identify themselves through standard protocols and open systems, using the Internet as their foundation. Yet, several challenges still must be addressed for this vision to become a reality. A core ingredient in such development is the ability of heterogeneous devices to communicate adaptively so as to make the best of limited spectrum a...

  5. QUALITY CONTROL IN LOGISTICS ACTIVITIES THROUGH INTERNET OF THINGS TECHNOLOGY

    OpenAIRE

    ANDREI BAUTU; Elena B AUTU

    2016-01-01

    Modern companies depend on their logistics in order to maintain their purchases-inventory-sales chain to the desired level of performance (i.e. profitability). Many past situations demonstrate that errors, inefficiencies and disruptions in this chain can cause companies to miss opportunities, loose profitability, and even go bankrupt. An important factor to high quality logistics is the quality and availability of information about key processes. Internet of Things (IoT) technology allows com...

  6. Towards a Practical Architecture for India Centric Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Misra, Prasant; Simmhan, Yogesh; Warrior, Jay

    2014-01-01

    An effective architecture for the Internet of Things (IoT), particularly for an emerging nation like India with limited technology penetration at the national scale, should be based on tangible technology advances in the present, practical application scenarios of social and entrepreneurial value, and ubiquitous capabilities that make the realization of IoT affordable and sustainable. Humans, data, communication and devices play key roles in the IoT ecosystem that we perceive. In a push towar...

  7. Internet of Things Positioning Model Study on Wireless Sensor Network

    OpenAIRE

    Xia Hu; Min Zhou; Qing Xia

    2013-01-01

    In various wireless sensor networks applications, the sensor node positioning problem is the basis and key technology of IOF (internet of things), which is essential for IOF monitoring activities. Due to the influence of environment and many other factors, the data collected by sensor node is easily generate errors, leading to the existing location algorithm or model positioning effect not so satisfactory. Aiming to this problem, this paper using internet (...

  8. Distributed Behavior Model Orchestration in Cognitive Internet of Things Solution

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Chung-Sheng; Darema, Frederica; Chang, Victor

    2016-01-01

    The introduction of pervasive and ubiquitous instrumentation within Internet of Things (IoT) leads to unprecedented real-time visibility (instrumentation), optimization and fault-tolerance of the power grid, traffic, transportation, water, oil & gas, to give some examples. Interconnecting those distinct physical, people, and business worlds through ubiquitous instrumentation, even though still in its embryonic stage, has the potential to create intelligent IoT solutions that are much greener,...

  9. Application Development for the Internet of Things: Observations and Challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Chhatwal, Ajay; Shukla, Kaushal,; Pathak, Animesh

    2012-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) domain can be considered to be an amalgamation of the hitherto well- researched Wireless Sensor and Actuator Networks (WSAN) and Pervasive Computing domains. However, application development on this platform still remains challenging. In this paper, we first discuss a specific real world instance of an oft- cited IoT application: the Smart Home application, and gain insight into IoT application development by actually implementing it. Based on the above, we then p...

  10. Content-Centric Networking in the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Waltari, Otto Kustaa

    2013-01-01

    Advanced low-cost wireless technologies have enabled a huge variety of real life applications in the past years. Wireless sensor technologies have emerged in almost every application field imaginable. Smartphones equipped with Internet connectivity and home electronics with networking capability have made their way to everyday life. The Internet of Things (IoT) is a novel paradigm that has risen to frame the idea of a large scale sensing ecosystem, in which all possible devices c...

  11. The Internet of things to support urban incident responses

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Rodrigo; Orozco, Javier; Ochoa, Sergio; Meseguer Pallarès, Roc

    2013-01-01

    Although the technological components required to implement Internet of Things (IoT) inspired solutions are already available, in most application scenarios it is not clear how to structure and combine them to reach a certain global behavior of a system. This paper proposes an architecture that helps design IoT-based systems that support the first responses during medium-size or large urban incidents. The main components of this architecture are characterized and the interactions between them...

  12. MacroBase: Analytic Monitoring for the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Bailis, Peter; Narayanan, Deepak; Madden, Samuel

    2016-01-01

    An increasing proportion of data today is generated by automated processes, sensors, and systems---collectively, the Internet of Things (IoT). A key challenge in IoT data management and a core aspect of many IoT applications (e.g., industrial diagnostics, predictive maintenance, and equipment auditing) is in identifying and highlighting unusual and surprising data (e.g., poor driving behavior, equipment failures, physical intrusion). We call this task, which is often statistical in nature and...

  13. A Knowledge-Based Resource Discovery for Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Perera, Charith; Vasilakos, Athanasios V.

    2016-01-01

    In the sensing as a service paradigm, Internet of Things (IoT) Middleware platforms allow data consumers to retrieve the data they want without knowing the underlying technical details of IoT resources (i.e. sensors and data processing components). However, configuring an IoT middleware platform and retrieving data is a significant challenge for data consumers as it requires both technical knowledge and domain expertise. In this paper, we propose a knowledge driven approach called Context Awa...

  14. Networked RFID Systems for the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Zhi

    2013-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) utilizes trillions of uniquely identifiable smart objects to connect anything at anytime and anywhere. Radio frequency identification (RFID) techniques are a powerful promising enabler for realizing the IoT. Around how to build hierarchical networked RFID systems for the IoT, this dissertation formulates and addresses problems in three key areas, i.e., communication protocols, simulation approaches, and RFID applications. Communication protocols are essential for ...

  15. Monitoring dispatching system based on Port's Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Xinru Liu; Xuli Han; Duanfeng Liu

    2013-01-01

    This paper proposes monitoring dispatching system solution based on the internet of things, which is through the analysis for port’s current situation, system components, operation process, communication protocol and safety alarm, etc. The system can fulfill real-time precise positioning monitoring and dispatching for port’s mobile terminals, and also fulfill real-time monitoring and effective management for the whole port. Eventually it can improve the total competitiveness of port by improv...

  16. Living in the calm and safe part of the city : The socio-spatial reproduction of upper-middle class neighbourhoods in Malmö

    OpenAIRE

    Rodenstedt, Ann

    2014-01-01

    When residential segregation is mentioned in news coverage and when it is talked about in everyday discourse in Sweden, it is very often associated with immigration and minority groups living in the poorer areas of the city. A common assumption is that “immigrants” actively withdraw from society and that they choose to live together rather than integrating with the majority population. This study, however, argues that discussions about segregation cannot be limited to the areas where minoriti...

  17. Secure Information Sharing in an Industrial Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Ulltveit-Moe, Nils; Nergaard, Henrik; Erdödi, László; Gjøsæter, Terje; Kolstad, Erland; Berg, Pål

    2016-01-01

    This paper investigates how secure information sharing with external vendors can be achieved in an Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT). It also identifies necessary security requirements for secure information sharing based on identified security challenges stated by the industry. The paper then proposes a roadmap for improving security in IIoT which investigates both short-term and long-term solutions for protecting IIoT devices. The short-term solution is mainly based on integrating existi...

  18. Class Vectors: Embedding representation of Document Classes

    OpenAIRE

    Sachan, Devendra Singh; Kumar, Shailesh

    2015-01-01

    Distributed representations of words and paragraphs as semantic embeddings in high dimensional data are used across a number of Natural Language Understanding tasks such as retrieval, translation, and classification. In this work, we propose "Class Vectors" - a framework for learning a vector per class in the same embedding space as the word and paragraph embeddings. Similarity between these class vectors and word vectors are used as features to classify a document to a class. In experiment o...

  19. Study on the Development of Industry of Internet of Things Based on Competitive GEM Model in Fujian Province

    OpenAIRE

    Di Jun An; Li Hao

    2016-01-01

    Firstly, the basic theories of internet of things, competitive GEM model and industrial development in Fujian Province were studied in this paper. Then, the factors influencing the cultivation of industrial competitiveness of the internet of things was observed and finally the suggestions on enhancing the competitiveness of internet of things and strengthening the cultivation of talents of internet of things were put forward.

  20. Societal Change and Transformation by Internet of Things (IoT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Hallaj Asghar

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available IoT has received much attention from scientists, industry and government all over the world for its potential in changing modern day living. IoT is envisioned as billions of sensors connected to the internet through wireless and other communication technologies. The sensors would generate large amount of data which needs to be analyzed, interpreted and utilized. Sensor will be context aware capturing device that enable modeling, interpreting and storing of sensor data which is linked to appropriate context variable dynamically. Building or home automation, social smart communication for enhancement of quality of life, that could be considered as one of the application of IoT where the sensors, actuators and controllers can be connected to internet and controlled. This paper introduces the concept of application for internet of things and with the discussion of social and governance issues that arise as the future vision of internet of things. This paper addresses the internet of things (IoT as the main enabling factor of promising paradigm for integration and comprehensive of several technologies for communication solution, Identification and integrating for tracking of technologies as wireless sector and actuators. This offers the capability to measure for understanding environment indicators

  1. An Analysis on the Twins’“Depravity”Image in The God of Small Things

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Qing

    2015-01-01

    The God of Small Things written by Arundhati Roy is a novel about the post-colonial India. Based on the main clue of an upper-class family in a small town, the author describes the life and the state of minds of the entire society in the post-colonial In⁃dia. This thesis attempts to analyze the image of the twins’“depravity”, which includes the background, the formation, the presen⁃tations and the implication of their depravity.

  2. Research on Situational Teaching of Junior Middle English Class from the Perspective of Life-orientation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FANG Jin-ming

    2014-01-01

    The regression of instruction to life raises as a developmental tendency of course reform among the world. Emphasis on the connection between instruction and students’lives has become an important aspect of curriculum reform. The student learner’s role and the development of students’potentials in their lives also have been emphasized;all these conceptions provide broad space for the implementation of life-orientation of instruction. Situational teaching emphasizes that students should be re-garded as the nucleus of the class. Through acquiring knowledge by themselves, they can bear the knowledge in their mind and improve their communicating ability. The teaching activity should always obey the rule of students centered and teacher aided and make sure that the teaching atmosphere can be kept in an authentic situation. And the most important thing that will be talk-ed about is how to apply situational teaching in Junior Middle English Class.

  3. Unification: Not Just a Thing of Beauty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioannis Votsis

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available We often hear that simplicity, explanatory power and unification, though aesthetically pleasing or beautiful qualities, are at best pragmatic considerations in matters of choosing between rival hypotheses. This paper aims to offer a novel conception and an associated measure of unification, both of which are demonstrably more than just pragmatic considerations. The discussion departs from a brief survey of some failed attempts to carve out adequate conceptions of unification. It then proceeds to an analysis of the notions of confirmational connectedness and disconnectedness. Roughly speaking, these notions attempt to capture the way support propagates or fails to propagate between the content parts of a hypothesis or, equivalently, between the contents of two or more hypotheses. The two notions are instrumental in helping to tackle the problem of ad hoc, and in particular monstrous, hypotheses. More importantly for the purposes of this paper, they are essential ingredients in the proposed conception of unification and its associated measure. In simple terms, the more the content of a hypothesis (or, equivalently, the content of a set of hypotheses is confirmationally connected the more that content is unified. Since the confirmational connectedness of two content parts is determined by purely objective matters of fact, the proposed notion and measure of unification are themselves strictly objective, i.e. not merely pragmatic considerations in matters of hypothesis choice. The paper concludes with a discussion of how the proposed measure handles real and hypothetical examples but also how it stands up to various objections.

  4. The Pleasure of Finding Things Out

    CERN Multimedia

    BBC Horizon

    1981-01-01

    Interview : Richard Feynman was one of the most brillant theoretical physicists and original thinkers of the 20th century. He rebuilt the theory of quantum electrodynamics, and it was for this work that he won the Nobel Prize in 1965. Comments : Will delight and inspire anyone who would like to share something of the joys of scientific discovery. Feynman is a master storyteller, and his tales -- about childhood, Los Alamos and the Bomb, or how he won a Nobel Prize -- are a vivid and entertaining insight into the mind of a great scientist at work and play.

  5. The face of things to come

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saving of the Franklin River in Tasmania, from inundation beneath a hydro-electric dam is chronicled. The movement to save the river begun in 1972 when Lake Pedder, an exquisite alpine lake in the rugged Tasmanian southwest wilderness, disappeared under the rising flood waters of the Serpentine Dam which, while adding only 42 MW of power to Tasmania's electricity grid, ripped the heart and soul out of the wilderness. The tragic loss of Lake Pedder laid the foundation for a new environmental movement in Australia, inspiring a whole generation of wilderness activists, gave rise to the world's first Green Party and paved the way for the success of the Franklin campaign. In the largest civil disobedience action ever witnessed in Australia, six thousand people negotiated the perilous but exhilarating course of the Franklin River Blockade travelling to the dam site to stand in front of the bulldozers. Over 1,000 people were arrested and went to jail for their beliefs. The blockade of the river was a huge logistical undertaking and generated an astounding degree of public mass action. People marched on the street in every state capital and major regional city across Australia. When the federal government refused to intervene and stop the construction of the dam, the environment movement resorted to political action by enlisting tens of thousands of sympathizers to wage a campaign against the incumbent Liberal government in the next federal election. The campaign was successful, defeating the Liberals and removing them from power. The incoming Labour government declared that the dam would not be built. In a subsequent confrontation with the Tasmania state government in the High Court of Australia, the Franklin River was saved by the narrow margin of 4 votes to 3. The campaign set the tone for future conservation campaigns everywhere

  6. Global Culture Industry: The Mediation of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Lash, Scott; Lury, Celia

    2007-01-01

    In the first half of the twentieth century, Theodor Adorno wrote about the 'culture industry'. For Adorno, culture too along with the products of factory labour was increasingly becoming a commodity. Now, in what they call the 'global culture industry', Scott Lash and Celia Lury argue that Adorno's worst nightmares have come true. Their new book tells the compelling story of how material objects such as watches and sportswear have become powerful cultural symbols, and how the production o...

  7. An Internet of Things Resource for Rehabilitation

    OpenAIRE

    Brooks, Anthony Lewis; Petersson, Eva

    2014-01-01

    Evolving from a mature body of research titledSoundScapes, this paper reports on a work-in-progress that isinvestigating the need that is evident for improved informationand recommendation infrastructures to assist in healthcareintervention and communication (including apparatus andmethod). The need is due to increased ICT use and the potentialsfor positive treatment outcomes from informed decision-making.A challenge is security of sensitive data, however detailing this isbeyond the scope of ...

  8. "Things" that Work: The Artifacts of Industrialization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geenfield, Briann; Malone, Patrick

    2000-01-01

    Focuses on teaching industrialization through the use of industrial artifacts, such as tools and products. Suggests field trips to museums and historic sites, building models of waterwheels or bridges, visiting an operating factory, and studying landscapes shaped by industrialization. Includes a bibliography. (CMK)

  9. And another thing - flags of convenience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Crude oil being shipped around the world, when spilled, is a threat to the environment unlike any other commodity, save perhaps for radioactive materials. Therefore, if the oil industry expects to be taken seriously in its role of protecting the environment, it must assume responsibility for its product from wellhead to consumer. Whilst there are many operators paying considerable attention to transportation issues - the largest of them using their own double-hulled tanker fleets - there still too many using ships unsuitable for the purpose, either because of age or the fact that they are single hulled vessels. These derelicts are kept in business by owners who have registered them in country's where inspections are a local joke, registration requires only a fraction of the fee charged by more conscientious nations, and taxes are low. Ships flying flags of convenience have no ties to any country, including the ones in which they are registered. The author says that it is up to the oil industry to clean up their act, for instance they could refuse to use ships that sail under a flag of convenience or single hulled vessels to move their product. The major and large independent companies learned some time ago that taking care of the environment is very much in their interest, and further that only they can do it effectively

  10. An Internet of Things Resource for Rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brooks, Anthony Lewis; Petersson, Eva

    resource is reported where global networks of professional subscribers will have increasing access to specific profile data and recommendation strategies. The focus on this phase of the work is to network those using (or considering using) ICT in wellness/QOL, rehabilitation and habilitation. The resource...... is being built from real-world case studies and is envisioned as a developing “feed-in feed-out” entity where evidence-based findings are submitted and extracted via a secured ‘gateway’ by expert professional practitioners. The resource is considered an ‘Internet of Things’ model to also inform and...

  11. An Internet of Things Resource for Rehabilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brooks, Anthony Lewis; Petersson, Eva

    2014-01-01

    is reported where global networks of professional subscribers will have increasing access to specific profile data and recommendation strategies. The focus on this phase of the work is to network those using (or considering using) ICT in wellness/QOL, rehabilitation and habilitation. The resource is being...... built from real-world case studies and is envisioned as a developing “feed-in feed-out” entity where evidence-based findings are submitted and extracted via a secured ‘gateway’ by expert professional practitioners. The resource is considered an ‘Internet of Things’ model to also inform and consult...

  12. Enforcement of Security Policy Rules for the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    NEISSE RICARDO; STERI GARY; Baldini, Gianmarco

    2014-01-01

    According to the European Union data protection legislation, privacy is a fundamental right that should be protected in the interaction of the citizen with the digital world. In the evolution of Internet towards new paradigms like Internet of Things (IoT), protection of privacy can be a challenging task because IoT connected objects can generate an enormous amount of data, some of which actually constitute personal data. In addition, it is difficult to control the flow of data when there is n...

  13. Intelligent Medicine System Prototype of The Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    WANG Yu

    2012-01-01

    Since the population of the world is ageing rapidly, how to provide appropriate healthcare to the elderly and disabled people becomes an important issue and draws high attention from medical, academic and industrial fields of the society. The Internet of Things (IoT) drives the evolution of the Internet, and is regarded as a great potential to improve quality of life for the surging number of elderly people significantly. To promote  a more widespread adoption of technologies underlying IoT, ...

  14. The Internet of Scientific Research Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandler, Cynthia; Shepherd, Adam; Arko, Robert; Leadbetter, Adam; Groman, Robert; Kinkade, Danie; Rauch, Shannon; Allison, Molly; Copley, Nancy; Gegg, Stephen; Wiebe, Peter; Glover, David

    2016-04-01

    The sum of the parts is greater than the whole, but for scientific research how do we identify the parts when they are curated at distributed locations? Results from environmental research represent an enormous investment and constitute essential knowledge required to understand our planet in this time of rapid change. The Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) curates data from US NSF Ocean Sciences funded research awards, but BCO-DMO is only one repository in a landscape that includes many other sites that carefully curate results of scientific research. Recent efforts to use persistent identifiers (PIDs), most notably Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCiD) for person, Digital Object Identifier (DOI) for publications including data sets, and Open Funder Registry (FundRef) codes for research grants and awards are realizing success in unambiguously identifying the pieces that represent results of environmental research. This presentation uses BCO-DMO as a test case for adding PIDs to the locally-curated information published out as standards compliant metadata records. We present a summary of progress made thus far; what has worked and why, and thoughts on logical next steps.

  15. FCJ-168 Do objects dream of an internet of things?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teodor Mitew

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper develops the notion of heteroclite sociable objects in the context of the emerging internet of things, and examines their transformative effect for understandings of sociability and agency. The notion of sociable objects attempts to capture the heterogeneous identity-shift occurring when heretofore obscure and mute objects ranging from toasters to thermostats acquire the agencies to leave semantically distinct traces online, and detour their human interlocutors into an object-mediated entanglement. Using a toolkit drawn from actor network theory and object oriented ontology, the paper discusses several examples illustrating the case for new parameters of sociability, better suited to a materiality acquiring conversational and anticipatory agencies.

  16. Research on Application of Internet of Things in the Disposal of Environmental Emergency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhu Yanju

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Internet of things is an important part of a new generation of information technology and also an important stage of Information Age. Application of Internet of things in the disposal of environmental emergency is an inevitable trend of application of Internet of things in the field of environmental protection. This paper summarizes the principle, process and application field of Internet of things, and focuses on the general frame-work of environmental emergency disposal system based on Internet of things and further analyses the factors of restricting application of Internet of things in the disposal of environmental emergency. At last, the suggestions and countermeasures to optimize environmental emergency disposal system are proposed.

  17. The Social Web of Things (SWoT)- Structuring an Integrated Social Network for Human, Things and Services

    OpenAIRE

    Cheng Cheng; Chunhong Zhang; Xiaofeng Qiu; Yang Ji

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, the development of IoT (Internet of Things) technology has given people many ways to obtain information through various types of physical devices. In parallel with that trend, people rely more on context-aware service and devices in many aspects, such as health care and elderly home care. However, traditional sensors are typically locked into closed systems, which hinder the access to such sensors that can be available in other information systems. Establishing free communica...

  18. New opportunities in electrical engineering as a result of the emergence of the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Tiainen, Pekka

    2016-01-01

    The objective for this thesis was to investigate the current state of Internet of Things in general and in building services and how the development of IoT will impact electrical engineering and what new business opportunities might arise from it. The Internet of Things is the idea of connecting everything and analysing the data these things generate in order to make more informed decisions or automate monotonous tasks. There are many companies researching and developing IoT applications ...

  19. At the root of things the subatomic world

    CERN Document Server

    Pal, Palash Baran

    2015-01-01

    At the Root of Things: The Subatomic World is a journey into the world of elementary particles-the basic constituents of all matter in the universe-and the nature of the interactions among them. The book begins with a summary of pre-quantum physics and later tackles quantum physics, which is essential for the study of elementary particles. The book discusses the emergence of quantum theory from studies in heat radiation and the photoelectric effect as well as developments that led to the concept of duality between particles and waves. Also discussed is how quantum theory helped to better under

  20. Perspectives and approaches for the internet of things

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Vasco da Costa

    2014-01-01

    This thesis was developed based on a scenario in which a CEO of a certain company asked the author to conduct an exploratory work evaluating the potential opportunities and limitations of this emerging area described as the future of the Internet, the Internet of Things (IoT). The objective is thus to provide the reader with a wide view of the vital points for the implementation and exploitation of the IoT, a technology that promises to deliver a new and wider range of applications to the ...

  1. Food Security Information Platform Model Based on Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Zhang

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available According to the tracking and tracing requirements of food supply chain management and quality and safety, this study built food security information platform using the Internet of things technology, with reference to the EPC standard, the use of RFID technology, adopting the model of SOA, based on SCOR core processes, researches the food security information platform which can set up the whole process from the source to the consumption of the traceability information, provides food information, strengthens the food identity verification, prevents food identification and information of error identification to the consumer and government food safety regulators, provides good practices for food safety traceability.

  2. Safety and security for the internet of things

    OpenAIRE

    Brygier, Jacques; Oezer, Mehmet

    2016-01-01

    Internet of Things (IoT) is a buzzword for the term " connected devices " , which we used in the last 15 years to describe the trend of connecting embedded devices. It is driven by the need to shift the usage of embedded devices to the next level of efficiency. By enabling seamless communication between all embedded devices, we capture more data about the ongoing process and are able to influence the process for optimization. The realization of seamless connectivity is favored by the broad av...

  3. Towards Mapping Experience Design for the Internet of Things.

    OpenAIRE

    Manrique Sancho, Mª Teresa; Iturrioz Aguirre, Teresa; Manso Callejo, Miguel Angel; Wachowicz, Mónica

    2015-01-01

    We are witnessing a fundamental transformation in how Internet of Things (IoT) is having an impact on the experience users have with data-driven devices, smart appliances, and connected products. The experience of any place is commonly defined as the result of a series of user engagements with a surrounding place in order to carry out daily activities (Golledge, 2002). Knowing about users? experiences becomes vital to the process of designing a map. In the near future, a user will be able to ...

  4. CLOUD COMPUTING AND INTERNET OF THINGS FOR SMART CITY DEPLOYMENTS

    OpenAIRE

    GEORGE SUCIU; ALEXANDRU VULPE; GYORGY TODORAN; JANNA CROPOTOVA; VICTOR SUCIU

    2013-01-01

    Cloud Computing represents the new method of delivering hardware and software resources to the users, Internet of Things (IoT) is currently one of the most popular ICT paradigms. Both concepts can have a major impact on how we build smart or/and smarter cities. Cloud computing represents the delivery of hardware and software resources on-demand over the Internet as a Service. At the same time, the IoT concept envisions a new generation of devices (sensors, both virtual and physical) that are ...

  5. Strategic Interaction Among Different Entities in Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Ghosh, Arnob; Sarkar, Saswati

    2015-01-01

    The economic model of the Internet of Things (IoT) consists of end users, advertisers and three different kinds of providers--IoT service provider (IoTSP), Wireless service provider (WSP) and cloud service provider (CSP). We investigate three different kinds of interactions among the providers. First, we consider that the IoTSP prices a bundled service to the end-users, and the WSP and CSP pay the IoTSP (push model). Next, we consider the model where the end-users independently pay the each p...

  6. THE INTERNET OF THINGS: NEW INTEROPERABILITY, MANAGEMENT AND SECURITY CHALLENGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmoud Elkhodr

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The Internet of Things (IoT brings connectivity to about every objects found in the physical space. It extends connectivity to everyday objects. From connected fridges, cars and cities, the IoT creates opportunities in numerous domains. However, this increase in connectivity creates many prominent challenges. This paper provides a survey of some of the major issues challenging the widespread adoption of the IoT. Particularly, it focuses on the interoperability, management, security and privacy issues in the IoT. It is concluded that there is a need to develop a multifaceted technology approach to IoT security, management, and privacy.

  7. An Internet of Things network for proximity based distributed processing

    OpenAIRE

    Koutsoumpakis, Iakovos

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things, the interconnection of all computing devices, is a concept that has become very popular nowadays and many companies try to achieve a leading role in shaping its future. Billions of devices are already connected to IoT cloud networks and this number is expected to rapidly increase in the near future. Devices in an IoT cloud network can be producers or consumers of data, while some can be processors. As data often needs processing in order to be transformed from lower to...

  8. Natural Notation for the Domestic Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Perera, Charith; Aghaee, Saeed; Blackwell, Alan

    2015-01-01

    This study explores the use of natural language to give instructions that might be interpreted by Internet of Things (IoT) devices in a domestic `smart home' environment. We start from the proposition that reminders can be considered as a type of end-user programming, in which the executed actions might be performed either by an automated agent or by the author of the reminder. We conducted an experiment in which people wrote sticky notes specifying future actions in their home. In different ...

  9. Blockchain in internet of things: Challenges and Solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Dorri, Ali; Kanhere, Salil S.; Jurdak, Raja

    2016-01-01

    The Internet of Things IoT is experiencing exponential growth in research and industry, but it still suffers from privacy and security vulnerabilities. Conventional security and privacy approaches tend to be inapplicable for IoT, mainly due to its decentralized topology and the resource-constraints of the majority of its devices. BlockChain BC that underpin the crypto-currency Bitcoin have been recently used to provide security and privacy in peer-to-peer networks with similar topologies to I...

  10. INTERNET of THINGS (IoT):SECURITY AND PRIVACY CONCERNS

    OpenAIRE

    Anureet Kaur

    2016-01-01

    The Internet of Things(IoT) is a vision in which Internet outspreads into the real world espousal of daily objects. The objects no longer seems separated from the virtual world and  can be controlled distantly. The term “Internet of Things” is devised from the two words “Internet”  and “Things”. The Internet is an interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet. The word “Things” can be any object or person in real worl...

  11. Monitoring dispatching system based on Port's Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinru Liu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes monitoring dispatching system solution based on the internet of things, which is through the analysis for port’s current situation, system components, operation process, communication protocol and safety alarm, etc. The system can fulfill real-time precise positioning monitoring and dispatching for port’s mobile terminals, and also fulfill real-time monitoring and effective management for the whole port. Eventually it can improve the total competitiveness of port by improving production efficiency of port, securing operation safety and decreasing production cost.

  12. As good as the real thing? Performance differences for live versus recorded stimuli in an everyday listening task

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkwood, Brent Christopher

    In an attempt to understand the influence of stimulus presentation method for a typical everyday listening task, test subject performance in a dropped-rod length-estimate experiment was compared for three cases: 1) live presentation of stimuli, 2) playback of binaural stimuli as recorded from an...... surfaces. This experiment was performed to assess the significance of the presentation technique and to better understand the underlying acoustic structure important for length perception. Normal-hearing test subjects were seated facing away from an acoustically transparent but visually opaque screen. Test...... to a just-reachable distance between it and a stationary surface. In an attempt to make the task as natural as possible, the recording, playback, and live presentation of the stimuli all occurred in the same acoustically-normal room. Recordings were made in a position typical of where the test...

  13. As good as the real thing? Performance differences for live versus recorded stimuli in an everyday listening task

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkwood, Brent Christopher

    2005-01-01

    In an attempt to understand the influence of stimulus presentation method for a typical everyday listening task, test subject performance in a dropped-rod length-estimate experiment was compared for three cases: 1) live presentation of stimuli, 2) playback of binaural stimuli as recorded from an...... surfaces. This experiment was performed to assess the significance of the presentation technique and to better understand the underlying acoustic structure important for length perception. Normal-hearing test subjects were seated facing away from an acoustically transparent but visually opaque screen. Test...... to a just-reachable distance between it and a stationary surface. In an attempt to make the task as natural as possible, the recording, playback, and live presentation of the stimuli all occurred in the same acoustically-normal room. Recordings were made in a position typical of where the test...

  14. UbiBazaar: App Store for the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Stastny, Simon

    2015-01-01

    Recently the world witnesses the emergence of Internet of Things (IoT) technologies, as new commercial IoT products by both large tech companies and new startups are coming to market daily. The recent boom in hardware prototyping platforms such as Arduino or Raspberry Pi also contributes to the development in IoT field, as user innovators (such as Makers, tech enthusiasts and researchers) can build their IoT systems and prototypes easily and cheap. Despite the development efforts by the l...

  15. The Internet of Things and Ubiquitous Intelligence (4)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dongliang Xie; Yu Wang

    2011-01-01

    The traditional Internet is oriented towards person-to-person connection, whereas the Internet of things (loT) is oriented towards connections between inanimate objects, loT covers a larger range of connections and involves more semantics than traditional Internet. Traditional Internet and telecom networks focus on information transfer, but loT focuses on information services. By combining sensor networks, Internet, telecom networks, and cloud computing platform, loT can sense, recognize, affect, and control the physical world. The physical world can be unified with the virtual world and human perception. In this part, we discuss cloud computing and the cyber-physical system (CPS).

  16. Interfaces to the Internet of Things with XForms

    OpenAIRE

    Pemberton, Steven

    2015-01-01

    XForms is a language for describing interfaces to data, designed at W3C by researchers from industry and academia. It is a declarative language, meaning it describes what has to be done, but largely not how. The interface it describes does not have to run locally on the machine producing the data, but can be run remotely over the network. Since Internet of Things (IoT) computers typically have little memory and are low-powered, this makes XForms ideally suited for the task. One of the unexpec...

  17. Little things make big things happen: A summary of micropeptide encoding genes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeroen Crappé

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Classical bioactive peptides are cleaved from larger precursor proteins and are targeted toward the secretory pathway by means of an N-terminal signaling sequence. In contrast, micropeptides encoded from small open reading frames, lack such signaling sequence and are immediately released in the cytoplasm after translation. Over the past few years many such non-canonical genes (including open reading frames, ORFs smaller than 100 AAs have been discovered and functionally characterized in different eukaryotic organisms. Furthermore, in silico approaches enabled the prediction of the existence of many more putatively coding small ORFs in the genomes of Sacharomyces cerevisiae, Arabidopsis thaliana, Drosophila melanogaster and Mus musculus. However, questions remain as to what the functional role of this new class of eukaryotic genes might be, and how widespread they are. In the future, approaches integrating in silico, conservation-based prediction and a combination of genomic, proteomic and functional validation methods will prove to be indispensable to answer these open questions.

  18. THINGS AS CHARACTERS OF CULTURE: SYMBOLIC NATURE AND MEANINGS OF MATERIAL OBJECTS IN CHANGING WORLD

    OpenAIRE

    Ionesov, Vladimir; Kurulenko, Elleonora

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we will attempt to give a social interpretation of material culture through the comprehension of the symbolic nature of artefacts and the meanings of things in cultural process. It is shown that cultural things are objects by which people tried to affect and influence their immediate environment. Such things, which acquired a social sense through becoming a focus of human activity and included in symbolic activity, began to play a cultural role as an important means of overcomin...

  19. Structure and Analysis of Digital Campus Based on the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Liu Bin; Han Jianghong; Hu Songhua; Zhang Li

    2013-01-01

    Application of Internet of Things products can improve the digital campus management level, improve efficiency and provide better service for the teachers and students' daily work. The Internet of things technology with the development of the Internet information technology and communication technology arises at the historic moment, after the screening and phased out, with RFID technology as the core of the Internet of things development becomes the new tec...

  20. Contributions to the Resilience Management in the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Yuanjiang

    2015-01-01

    El auge del "Internet de las Cosas" (IoT, "Internet of Things") y sus tecnologías asociadas han permitido su aplicación en diversos dominios de la aplicación, entre los que se encuentran la monitorización de ecosistemas forestales, la gestión de catástrofes y emergencias, la domótica, la automatización industrial, los servicios para ciudades inteligentes, la eficiencia energética de edificios, la detección de intrusos, la gestión de desastres y emergencias o la monitorización de señales corpo...

  1. From machine-to-machine to the Internet of Things

    CERN Document Server

    Holler, Jan; Mulligan, Catherine; Avesand, Stefan; Karnouskos, Stamatis; Boyle, David

    2014-01-01

    This book outlines the background and overall vision for the Internet of Things (IoT) and M2M communications and services, including major standards. Key technologies are described: Everything from physical instrumentation devices to the cloud infrastructures used to collect data, derive information and map it to current processes, as well as system architectures and regulatory requirements. Real world service use case studies provide the hands-on knowledge needed to successfully develop and implement M2M and IoT technologies sustainably and profitably. Finally, the future vision for M2M tech

  2. iNUIT: Internet of Things for Urban Innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Carrino

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Internet of Things (IoT seems a viable way to enable the Smart Cities of the future. iNUIT (Internet of Things for Urban Innovation is a multi-year research program that aims to create an ecosystem that exploits the variety of data coming from multiple sensors and connected objects installed on the scale of a city, in order to meet specific needs in terms of development of new services (physical security, resource management, etc.. Among the multiple research activities within iNUIT, we present two projects: SmartCrowd and OpEc. SmartCrowd aims at monitoring the crowd’s movement during large events. It focuses on real-time tracking using sensors available in smartphones and on the use of a crowd simulator to detect possible dangerous scenarios. A proof-of-concept of the application has been tested at the Paléo Festival (Switzerland showing the feasibility of the approach. OpEc (Optimisation de l’Eclairage public aims at using IoT to implement dynamic street light management and control with the goal of reducing street light energy consumption while guaranteeing the same level of security of traditional illumination. The system has been tested during two months in a street in St-Imier (Switzerland without interruption, validating its stability and resulting in an overall energy saving of about 56%.

  3. Context-aware Computing in the Internet of Things: A Survey on Internet of Things From Industrial Market Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Perera, Charith; Member, Chi Harold Liu; Jayawardena, Srimal; Chen, Min

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is a dynamic global information network consisting of Internet-connected objects, such as RFIDs, sensors, and actuators, as well as other instruments and smart appliances that are becoming an integral component of the Internet. Over the last few years, we have seen a plethora of IoT solutions making their way into the industry marketplace. Context-aware communication and computing has played a critical role throughout the last few years of ubiquitous computing and...

  4. Improving Service Management in the Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sammarco, Chiara; Iera, Antonio

    2012-01-01

    In the Internet of Things (IoT) research arena, many efforts are devoted to adapt the existing IP standards to emerging IoT nodes. This is the direction followed by three Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Working Groups, which paved the way for research on IP-based constrained networks. Through a simplification of the whole TCP/IP stack, resource constrained nodes become direct interlocutors of application level entities in every point of the network. In this paper we analyze some side effects of this solution, when in the presence of large amounts of data to transmit. In particular, we conduct a performance analysis of the Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP), a widely accepted web transfer protocol for the Internet of Things, and propose a service management enhancement that improves the exploitation of the network and node resources. This is specifically thought for constrained nodes in the abovementioned conditions and proves to be able to significantly improve the node energetic performance when in the presence of large resource representations (hence, large data transmissions).

  5. Towards a thematic archaeology: the gaze of things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ezio Puglia

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the contribution that Warburg's theories can bring to thematology. It does so concretely, above all, through a discussion of historical-literary material. The author hypothesises that the literary representation of non-inert objects took place, in the 18th- and 19th-century fantastic genre, also by using spatio-temporal constants and recurring figurative formulae. By analysing not so much the linguistic, but rather the iconic or imaginative aspect of such constants and formulae (which can be considered as loci communes, these end up resembling Pathosformeln, or moving themes. Through the example of a canonical text such as Berenice, the author illustrates the basic characteristics of this sort of imaginative rhetoric. Subsequently, he shows how the image of things' gaze, which is arguably part of such rhetoric, in the 19th century is transposed also to non-literary texts, and above all to Lacan's psychoanalytic theory. Lastly, on the basis of the arguments and the data collected, the paper proposes an archaeological approach to the study of themes.Keywords: Literary theory, Theme, Thing theory, Fantastic

  6. Using Internet of Things technologies for wireless sensor networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, K.; Hart, J. K.; Basford, P. J.; Bragg, G. M.; Ward, T.

    2013-12-01

    Numerous authors have envisioned the future internet where anything will be connected: the Internet of Things (IoT). The idea is an extrapolation of the spread of networked devices such as phones, tablets etc. Each device is expected to have its own Internet address and thus be easy to access. The key building blocks of any IoT system are networking, hardware platforms and node software - so they are similar to wireless sensor network requirements. Most existing IoT demonstrators and applications have been gadget-style objects where power and connectivity problems are not too restricting. Environmental sensor networks can benefit from using some of the technologies involved in IoT development. However it is expected that tuning the networking and power management will be necessary to make them as efficient as state of the art wireless sensor networks. Some IoT assumptions such as always-connected nodes and full IP capability need to be considered. This paper will illustrate the advantages and disadvantages of IoT techniques for environment sensing drawing on a range of employment scenarios. We also describe a glacial 'Internet of things' project, which aims to monitor glacial processes. In particular we describe the IoT developments in a deployment in Iceland to examine glacier seismicity, velocity and provide camera images.

  7. Cognitive Internet of Things: Concepts and Application Example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mingchuan Zhang

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Internet of Things (IoT is a heterogeneous, mixed and uncertain ubiquitous network, the application prospect of which is extensive in the field of modern intelligent service. Having done a deep investigation on the discrepancies between service offering and application requirement, we believed that current IoT lacks enough intelligence and cannot achieve the expected increasing applications performance. By integrating intelligent thought into IoT, we presented a new concept of Cognitive Internet of Things (CIoT in this paper. CIoT can apperceive current network conditions, analyze the perceived knowledge, make intelligent decisions, and perform adaptive actions, which aim to maximize network performance. We modeled the CIoT network topology and designed cognition-process-related technologies, analyzed the payoffs of cooperative cognition based on game theory, which illustrates those novel designs can endows IoT with intelligence and fully improve systems performance. Finally, an application example was introduced based on the concept of CIoT.

  8. Enhancing the Dialogue in Simultaneous Class-Based and Live Video-Streamed Teaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jelsbak, Vibe Alopaeus; Ørngreen, Rikke; Thorsen, Jonas;

    2015-01-01

    from home via the Internet. In live video-streamed teaching classes teachers tend to choose one-way communication instead of dialogue. We know from our early findings that technology issues are one of the main reasons for this, since the same teachers use dialogue and discussions in traditional...... teaching. This paper describes a work-in-progress project focused on developing possibilities for a more dialogue-based approach to live video-streamed teaching. We present our new setup and argue for educational designs which this is believed to support, and we outline the research design for collecting...... and analysing data. The first analysis and interpretations will be discussed at the ECEL 2015 conference poster session....

  9. Enhancing the Dialogue in Simultaneous Class-Based and Live Video-Streamed Teaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jelsbak, Vibe Alopaeus; Bendsen, Thomas; Thorsen, Jonas;

    2015-01-01

    or to work from home via the Internet. In live video-streamed teaching classes teachers tend to choose one-way communication instead of dialogue. We know from our early findings that technology issues are one of the main reasons for this, since the same teachers use dialogue and discussions in...... traditional teaching. This paper describes a work-in-progress project focused on developing possibilities for a more dialogue-based approach to live video-streamed teaching. We present our new setup and argue for educational de- signs which this is believed to support, and we outline the research design for...... collecting and analysing data. The first analysis and interpretations will be discussed at the ECEL 2015 conference poster session....

  10. Secure management of logs in internet of things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Udit Gupta

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Ever since the advent of computing, managing data has been of extreme importance. With innumerable devices getting added to network infrastructure, there has been a proportionate increase in the data which needs to be stored. With the advent of Internet of Things (IOT it is anticipated that billions of devices will be a part of the internet in another decade. Since those devices will be communicating with each other on a regular basis with little or no human intervention, plethora of real time data will be generated in quick time which will result in large number of log files. Apart from complexity pertaining to storage, it will be mandatory to maintain confidentiality and integrity of these logs in IOT enabled devices. This paper will provide a brief overview about how logs can be efficiently and securely stored in IOT devices.

  11. Integrating RFIDs and Smart Objects into a UnifiedInternet of Things Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Anthony C. Boucouvalas; Nikolaos D. Tselikas; Evangelos A. Kosmatos

    2011-01-01

    The term Internet of Things refers to the networked interconnection of objects of diverse nature, such as electronic devices, sensors, but also physical objects and beings as well as virtual data and environments. Although the basic concept of the Internet of Things sounds simple, its application is difficult and, so far, the respective existing architectural models are rather monolithic and are dominated by several limitations. The paper introduces a generic Internet of Things architecture t...

  12. Performance Evaluation of Routing Protocol (RPL for Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qusai Q. Abuein

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Recently, Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF standardized a powerful and flexible routing protocol for Low Power and Lossy Networks (RPL. RPL is a routing protocol for low power and lossy networks in the Internet of Things. It is an extensible distance vector protocol, which has been proposed for low power and lossy networks in the global realm of IPv6 networks, so it selects the routes from a source to a destination node based on certain metrics injected into the objective function (OF. There has been an investigation of the performance of RPL in the lighter density network. This study investigates the performance of RPL in medium density using of two objective function in various topologies (e.g. grid, random. The performance of RPL is studied using various metrics. For example, Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR, Power Consumption and Packet Reception Ratio (RX using a fixed Packet Reception Ratio (RX values.

  13. Constructing topic models of Internet of Things for information processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xin, Jie; Cui, Zhiming; Zhang, Shukui; He, Tianxu; Li, Chunhua; Huang, Haojing

    2014-01-01

    Internet of Things (IoT) is regarded as a remarkable development of the modern information technology. There is abundant digital products data on the IoT, linking with multiple types of objects/entities. Those associated entities carry rich information and usually in the form of query records. Therefore, constructing high quality topic hierarchies that can capture the term distribution of each product record enables us to better understand users' search intent and benefits tasks such as taxonomy construction, recommendation systems, and other communications solutions for the future IoT. In this paper, we propose a novel record entity topic model (RETM) for IoT environment that is associated with a set of entities and records and a Gibbs sampling-based algorithm is proposed to learn the model. We conduct extensive experiments on real-world datasets and compare our approach with existing methods to demonstrate the advantage of our approach. PMID:25110737

  14. Constructing Topic Models of Internet of Things for Information Processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xin, Jie; Cui, Zhiming; Zhang, Shukui; He, Tianxu; Li, Chunhua; Huang, Haojing

    2014-01-01

    Internet of Things (IoT) is regarded as a remarkable development of the modern information technology. There is abundant digital products data on the IoT, linking with multiple types of objects/entities. Those associated entities carry rich information and usually in the form of query records. Therefore, constructing high quality topic hierarchies that can capture the term distribution of each product record enables us to better understand users' search intent and benefits tasks such as taxonomy construction, recommendation systems, and other communications solutions for the future IoT. In this paper, we propose a novel record entity topic model (RETM) for IoT environment that is associated with a set of entities and records and a Gibbs sampling-based algorithm is proposed to learn the model. We conduct extensive experiments on real-world datasets and compare our approach with existing methods to demonstrate the advantage of our approach. PMID:25110737

  15. Integration of Library Services with Internet of Things Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyriakos Stefanidis

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The SELIDA framework is an integration layer of standardized services that takes an Internet-of-Things approach for item traceability in the library setting. The aim of the framework is to provide tracing of RFID tagged physical items among or within various libraries. Using SELIDA we are able to integrate typical library services—such as checking in or out items at different libraries with different Integrated Library Systems—without requiring substantial changes, code-wise, in their structural parts. To do so, we employ the Object Naming Service mechanism that allows us to retrieve and process information from the Electronic Product Code of an item and its associated services through the use of distributed mapping servers. We present two use case scenarios involving the Koha open source ILS and we briefly discuss the potential of this framework in supporting bibliographic Linked Data.

  16. The Internet of Things: Perspectives on Security from RFID and WSN

    OpenAIRE

    Shah, Ayush; Pal, Ambar; Acharya, H. B.

    2016-01-01

    A massive current research effort focuses on combining pre-existing 'Intranets' of Things into one Internet of Things. However, this unification is not a panacea; it will expose new attack surfaces and vectors, just as it enables new applications. We therefore urgently need a model of security in the Internet of Things. In this regard, we note that IoT descends directly from pre-existing research (in embedded Internet and pervasive intelligence), so there exist several bodies of related work:...

  17. Research on Supply Chain Simulation System Based on Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Jie Zhu; Binbin Fu

    2014-01-01

    As one of the top ten core industries in China, Internet of things, has gradually changed our life, by influencing enterprise production, storage and transportation, express, supermarket shopping, etc. By using Internet of things technology in the supply chain, enterprise can optimize the structure and process of supply chain management system, improve the information transmission speed and things matching accuracy, and improve the operation mode of supply chain. The paper constructs a supply...

  18. Advances on Sensor Web for Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, S.; Bermudez, L. E.; Huang, C.; Jazayeri, M.; Khalafbeigi, T.

    2013-12-01

    'In much the same way that HTML and HTTP enabled WWW, the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Sensor Web Enablement (SWE), envisioned in 2001 [1] will allow sensor webs to become a reality.'. Due to the large number of sensor manufacturers and differing accompanying protocols, integrating diverse sensors into observation systems is not a simple task. A coherent infrastructure is needed to treat sensors in an interoperable, platform-independent and uniform way. SWE standardizes web service interfaces, sensor descriptions and data encodings as building blocks for a Sensor Web. SWE standards are now mature specifications (version 2.0) with approved OGC compliance test suites and tens of independent implementations. Many earth and space science organizations and government agencies are using the SWE standards to publish and share their sensors and observations. While SWE has been demonstrated very effective for scientific sensors, its complexity and the computational overhead may not be suitable for resource-constrained tiny sensors. In June 2012, a new OGC Standards Working Group (SWG) was formed called the Sensor Web Interface for Internet of Things (SWE-IoT) SWG. This SWG focuses on developing one or more OGC standards for resource-constrained sensors and actuators (e.g., Internet of Things devices) while leveraging the existing OGC SWE standards. In the near future, billions to trillions of small sensors and actuators will be embedded in real- world objects and connected to the Internet facilitating a concept called the Internet of Things (IoT). By populating our environment with real-world sensor-based devices, the IoT is opening the door to exciting possibilities for a variety of application domains, such as environmental monitoring, transportation and logistics, urban informatics, smart cities, as well as personal and social applications. The current SWE-IoT development aims on modeling the IoT components and defining a standard web service that makes the

  19. ROLE OF MIDDLEWARE FOR INTERNET OF THINGS: A STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soma Bandyopadhyay

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Internet of Things (IoT has been recognized as a part of future internet and ubiquitous computing. Itcreates a true ubiquitous or smart environment. It demands a complex distributed architecture withnumerous diverse components, including the end devices and application and association with theircontext. This article provides the significance of middleware system for (IoT. The middleware for IoTacts as a bond joining the heterogeneous domains of applications communicating over heterogeneousinterfaces. First, to enable the better understanding of the current gap and future directions in this field acomprehensive review of the existing middleware systems for IoT is provided here. Second, fundamentalfunctional blocks are proposed for this middleware system, and based on that feature wise classificationis performed on the existing IoT-middleware. Third, open issues are analyzed and our vision on theresearch scope in this area is presented.

  20. The application of the Internet of Things to animal ecology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Songtao; Qiang, Min; Luan, Xiaorui; Xu, Pengfei; He, Gang; Yin, Xiaoyan; Xi, Luo; Jin, Xuelin; Shao, Jianbin; Chen, Xiaojiang; Fang, Dingyi; Li, Baoguo

    2015-11-01

    For ecologists, understanding the reaction of animals to environmental changes is critical. Using networked sensor technology to measure wildlife and environmental parameters can provide accurate, real-time and comprehensive data for monitoring, research and conservation of wildlife. This paper reviews: (i) conventional detection technology; (ii) concepts and applications of the Internet of Things (IoT) in animal ecology; and (iii) the advantages and disadvantages of IoT. The current theoretical limits of IoT in animal ecology are also discussed. Although IoT offers a new direction in animal ecological research, it still needs to be further explored and developed as a theoretical system and applied to the appropriate scientific frameworks for understanding animal ecology. PMID:26338071

  1. Application Platforms for the Internet of Things: Theory, Architecture, Protocols, Data Formats, and Privacy

    OpenAIRE

    Collina, Matteo

    2014-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is the next industrial revolution: we will interact naturally with real and virtual devices as a key part of our daily life. This technology shift is expected to be greater than the Web and Mobile combined. As extremely different technologies are needed to build connected devices, the Internet of Things field is a junction between electronics, telecommunications and software engineering. Internet of Things application development happens in silos, often using p...

  2. Towards a Practical Architecture for the Next Generation Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Misra, Prasant; Simmhan, Yogesh; Warrior, Jay

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things, or the IoT is a vision for a ubiquitous society wherein people and "Things" are connected in an immersively networked computing environment, with the connected "Things" providing utility to people/enterprises and their digital shadows, through intelligent social and commercial services. Translating this idea to a conceivable reality is a work in progress for more than a decade. Current IoT architectures are predicated on optimistic assumptions on the evolution and depl...

  3. On metaphorical designation of humans, animals, plants and things in Serbian and English language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rakić Stanimir

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I examine compound names of plants, animals, human beings and other things in which at least one nominal component designates a part of the body or clothes, or some basic elements of houshold in Serbian and English. The object of my analysis are complex derivatives of the type (adjective noun + suffix in Serbian and componds of the type noun's + noun, noun + noun and adjective + noun in English. I try to show that there is a difference in metaphorical designation of human beings and other living creatures and things by such compound nouns. My thesis is that the metathorical designation of human beings by such compounds is based on the symbolic meaning of some words and expressions while the designation of other things and beings relies on noticed similarity. In Serbian language such designation is provided by comples derivatives praznoglavac 'empty-headed person', tupoglavac 'dullard' debolokoiac 'callos person', golobradac 'young, inexperienced person' žutokljunac 'tledling' (fig, in English chicken liver, beetle brain birdbrain, bonehead, butterfingers, bigwig, blackleg, blue blood bluestocking, eat's paw, deadhead,fat-guts,fathead, goldbrick (kol hardhat, hardhead, greenhorn, redcoat (ist, redneck (sl, thickhead, etc. Polisemous compounds like eat's paw lend support for this thesis because their designation of human beings is based on symbolic meaning of some words or expressions. I hypothesize that the direction and extend of the possible metaphorization of names may be accounted for by the following hierarchy (11 people - animals - plants - meterial things. Such hierarchy is well supported by the observations of Lakoff (1987 and Taylor (1995 about the role of human body in early experience and perception ofthe reality. Different restrictions which may be imposed in the hierarchy (11 should be the matter of further study, some of which have been noted on this paper. The compounds of this type denoting people have

  4. IETF Standardization in the Field of the Internet of Things (IoT: A Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piet Demeester

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Smart embedded objects will become an important part of what is called the Internet of Things. However, the integration of embedded devices into the Internet introduces several challenges, since many of the existing Internet technologies and protocols were not designed for this class of devices. In the past few years, there have been many efforts to enable the extension of Internet technologies to constrained devices. Initially, this resulted in proprietary protocols and architectures. Later, the integration of constrained devices into the Internet was embraced by IETF, moving towards standardized IP-based protocols. In this paper, we will briefly review the history of integrating constrained devices into the Internet, followed by an extensive overview of IETF standardization work in the 6LoWPAN, ROLL and CoRE working groups. This is complemented with a broad overview of related research results that illustrate how this work can be extended or used to tackle other problems and with a discussion on open issues and challenges. As such the aim of this paper is twofold: apart from giving readers solid insights in IETF standardization work on the Internet of Things, it also aims to encourage readers to further explore the world of Internet-connected objects, pointing to future research opportunities.

  5. An Energy Efficient Protocol For The Internet Of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venčkauskas, Algimantas; Jusas, Nerijus; Kazanavičius, Egidijus; Štuikys, Vytautas

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is a technological revolution that represents the future of computing and communications. One of the most important challenges of IoT is security: protection of data and privacy. The SSL protocol is the de-facto standard for secure Internet communications. The extra energy cost of encrypting and authenticating of the application data with SSL is around 15%. For IoT devices, where energy resources are limited, the increase in the cost of energy is a very significant factor. In this paper we present the energy efficient SSL protocol which ensures the maximum bandwidth and the required level of security with minimum energy consumption. The proper selection of the security level and CPU multiplier, can save up to 85% of the energy required for data encryption.

  6. Safety Inspection System Based on the Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dong-Tao Hu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The Safety inspection system uses the Internet of things technology to identify the location of mobile terminal automatically and bring up the correspondent safety inspection table through the equipments of Hand-hold Terminal and specific location wireless router. Inspection information including the inspection results, photos or video can be transport to general platform for storing and processing through the wireless network immediately. The process of safety inspection and hidden trouble rectification have been formed a closed-loop management system which start from the draft and inquiry of the inspection table to the implementation of safety inspection, the feedback of results, the instruction about of rectify hidden trouble, the inspection and acceptance of results. At last, it also solves the problem of timely record the dynamic checking information; make the operability of safety inspection system greatly enhanced.

  7. A Runway Surface Monitor using Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Troiano, Amedeo; Pasero, Eros

    2014-05-01

    The monitoring of runway surfaces, for the detection of ice formation or presence of water, is an important issue for reducing maintenance costs and improving traffic safety. An innovative sensor was developed to detect the presence of ice or water on its surface, and its repeatability, stability and reliability were assessed in different simulations and experiments, performed both in laboratory and in the field. Three sensors were embedded in the runway of the Turin-Caselle airport, in the north-west of Italy, to check the state of its surface. Each sensor was connected to a GPRS modem to send the collected data to a common database. The entire system was installed about three years ago, and up to now it shows correct work and automatic reactivation after malfunctions without any external help. The state of the runway surface is virtual represented in an internet website, using the Internet of Things features and opening new scenarios.

  8. Internet of Things Based Systems for Food Safety Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihai DOINEA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper is highlighting the advantages of integrating technologies and digital standards in public politics for protecting consumer rights. Today’s globalization of food production chains, their extensive complexity and limitations arising from manual insertion and data processing of products information make it impossible for consumers the task of being informed in real-time. This obstacle can be overcome, and the current level of technology and low implementation costs allow full automation of this process. We propose a sensors network architecture based on Internet of Things (IoT components, which is using autonomous embedded modules and radio identification tags (RFID that will automatically collect data, covering the entire life cycle of the food product and all the factors that influence its chemical composition. This architecture offers consumers complete data about their food products and how their components were obtained.

  9. Security and Privacy Grand Challenges for the Internet of Things

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fink, Glenn A.; Zarzhitsky, Dimitri V.; Carroll, Thomas E.; Farquhar, Ethan D.

    2015-08-20

    Abstract— The growth of the Internet of Things (IoT) is driven by market pressures, and while security is being considered, the relationship between the unintended consequences of billions of such devices connecting to the Internet cannot be described with existing mathematical methods. The possibilities for illicit surveillance through lifestyle analysis, unauthorized access to information, and new attack vectors will continue to increase by 2020, when up-to 50 billion devices may be connected. This paper discusses various kinds of vulnerabilities that can be expected to arise, and presents a research agenda for mitigating the worst of the impacts. We hope to draw research attention to the potential dangers of IoT so that many of these problems can be avoided.

  10. A Localization Method for the Internet of Things

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Zhikui; Huang, Tao; Bu, Fanyu; Wang, Haozhe; 10.1007/s11227-011-0693-2

    2012-01-01

    Many localization algorithms and systems have been developed by means of wireless sensor networks for both indoor and outdoor environments. To achieve higher localization accuracy, extra hardware equipments are utilized by most of the existing localization solutions, which increase the cost and considerably limit the location-based applications. The Internet of Things (IOT) integrates many technologies, such as Internet, Zigbee, Bluetooth, infrared, WiFi, GPRS, 3G, etc, which can enable different ways to obtain the location information of various objects. Location-based service is a primary service of the IOT, while localization accuracy is a key issue. In this paper, a higher accuracy localization scheme is proposed which can effectively satisfy diverse requirements for many indoor and outdoor location services. The proposed scheme composes of two phases: 1) partition phase, in which the target region is split into small grids; 2) localization refinement phase, in which a higher accuracy of localization can ...

  11. "To Improve upon Hints of Things": Illustrating Isaac Newton.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schilt, Cornelis J

    2016-01-01

    When Isaac Newton died in 1727 he left a rich legacy in terms of draft manuscripts, encompassing a variety of topics: natural philosophy, mathematics, alchemy, theology, and chronology, as well as papers relating to his career at the Mint. One thing that immediately strikes us is the textuality of Newton's legacy: images are sparse. Regarding his scholarly endeavours we witness the same practice. Newton's extensive drafts on theology and chronology do not contain a single illustration or map. Today we have all of Newton's draft manuscripts as witnesses of his working methods, as well as access to a significant number of books from his own library. Drawing parallels between Newton's reading practices and his natural philosophical and scholarly work, this paper seeks to understand Newton's recondite writing and publishing politics. PMID:27071300

  12. Internet of Things Positioning Model Study on Wireless Sensor Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xia Hu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In various wireless sensor networks applications, the sensor node positioning problem is the basis and key technology of IOF (internet of things, which is essential for IOF monitoring activities. Due to the influence of environment and many other factors, the data collected by sensor node is easily generate errors, leading to the existing location algorithm or model positioning effect not so satisfactory. Aiming to this problem, this paper using internet (Geometric topology structure information, based on the model of Location Estimation-Locality Preserving Canonical Correlation Analysis (LE-LPCCA, through transforming the depiction of signal space and physical space local information, proposed a new IOF positioning model LE-RLPCCA. Compared with the kind methods at present, model LE-RLPCCA has a better robustness of error-tolerance technology, positioning accuracy and stability improved evidently.

  13. CLOUD COMPUTING AND INTERNET OF THINGS FOR SMART CITY DEPLOYMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GEORGE SUCIU

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Cloud Computing represents the new method of delivering hardware and software resources to the users, Internet of Things (IoT is currently one of the most popular ICT paradigms. Both concepts can have a major impact on how we build smart or/and smarter cities. Cloud computing represents the delivery of hardware and software resources on-demand over the Internet as a Service. At the same time, the IoT concept envisions a new generation of devices (sensors, both virtual and physical that are connected to the Internet and provide different services for value-added applications. In this paper we present our view on how to deploy Cloud computing and IoT for smart or/and smarter cities. We demonstrate that data gathered from heterogeneous and distributed IoT devices can be automatically managed, handled and reused with decentralized cloud services.

  14. Semantic Models for Scalable Search in the Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dennis Pfisterer

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The Internet of Things is anticipated to connect billions of embedded devices equipped with sensors to perceive their surroundings. Thereby, the state of the real world will be available online and in real-time and can be combined with other data and services in the Internet to realize novel applications such as Smart Cities, Smart Grids, or Smart Healthcare. This requires an open representation of sensor data and scalable search over data from diverse sources including sensors. In this paper we show how the Semantic Web technologies RDF (an open semantic data format and SPARQL (a query language for RDF-encoded data can be used to address those challenges. In particular, we describe how prediction models can be employed for scalable sensor search, how these prediction models can be encoded as RDF, and how the models can be queried by means of SPARQL.

  15. QUALITY CONTROL IN LOGISTICS ACTIVITIES THROUGH INTERNET OF THINGS TECHNOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANDREI BAUTU

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Modern companies depend on their logistics in order to maintain their purchases-inventory-sales chain to the desired level of performance (i.e. profitability. Many past situations demonstrate that errors, inefficiencies and disruptions in this chain can cause companies to miss opportunities, loose profitability, and even go bankrupt. An important factor to high quality logistics is the quality and availability of information about key processes. Internet of Things (IoT technology allows companies to gather real-time information on processes, people and equipment, and to integrate it in their own informational systems. This paper discusses the use of IoT technology to monitor logistics activities in order to provide support data for performance assessments.

  16. Research on Service Platform of Internet of Things for Smart City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, W.; He, Z.; Huang, D.; Zhang, X.

    2014-04-01

    The application of Internet of Things in surveying and mapping industry basically is at the exploration stage, has not formed a unified standard. Chongqing Institute of Surveying and Mapping (CQISM) launched the research p roject "Research on the Technology of Internet of Things for Smart City". The project focuses on the key technologies of information transmission and exchange on the Internet of Things platform. The data standards of Internet of Things are designed. The real-time acquisition, mass storage and distributed data service of mass sensors are realized. On this basis, CQISM deploys the prototype platform of Internet of Things. The simulation application in Connected Car proves that the platform design is scientific and practical.

  17. The Potential of Wastewater Energy Recovery in Smart Buildings by using Internet of Things Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lynggaard, Per

    2015-01-01

    exchanger technology in combination with smart building and Internet of Things technologies. By using advanced artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things technologies found in smart homes the heat recovering process is organized, controlled and planned intelligently; this provides the savings...

  18. The Internet of Things and Ubiquitous Intelligence (3)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dongliang Xie; Yan Shi

    2011-01-01

    The traditional Internet is oriented towards person-to-person connection, whereas the Internet of things (loT) is oriented towards connections between inanimate objects, loT covers a larger range of connections and involves more semantics than traditional Internet. Traditional Internet and telecom networks focus on information transfer, but loT focuses on information services. By combining sensor networks, Internet, telecom networks, and cloud computing platform, loT can sense, recognize, affect, and control the physical world. The physical world can be unified with the virtual world and human perception. In this part, we discuss ubiquitous network convergence and cooperation technologies in terms of their application scenarios, technical advantages and research directions. We also briefly introduce loT services.

  19. Role of Colonial Subjects in Making Themselves Inferior in Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Sadeghi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Chinua Achebe in his novel Things Fall Apart gives us a unique picture of life in Africa before the arrival of Christianity and colonization and the era afterwards. He shows how African people lost their traditional culture and values, replacing them with foreign beliefs. In this article, the way black people lived before the arrival of white people, how they encountered and reacted to white colonizers, in addition to how they converted to Christianity and subsequently to White culture, as portrayed in this novel, will be analyzed. The purpose of this study is to trace the roots of this rapid pace of colonialism back to when colonial subjects lost their original culture to the new-coming people and to what extent those colonized people were affectively actualizing their inferiority and subordination to the white society. Frantz Fanon’s theories on the relation between language and culture or language and civilization, as well as his discussion of White notion of Blacks and Blacks’ conception of themselves are discussed and analyzed in Achebe’s masterpiece Things Fall Apart to prove that black people attempted to make up for their deep feeling of incompleteness by imitating white people and forming a white personality in a black statue as a result of their own conscious volition.

  20. Development of Embedded Based System to Monitor Elephant Intrusion in Forest Border Areas Using Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. K. Vigneshwar

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The new era of computing technology is emerging as it will encompass every aspects of our lives with amazing potentials and it can be termed as Internet of Things (IOT. The IOT generally comprised of smart machines interacting and interactive with other machines, objects, environments and infrastructures. In embedded computing system each thing is uniquely identifiable but it is able to be interoperable within the existing internet infrastructure in IOT. As a result, massive volumes of data are being created, and that data is being processed into useful actions that can “command and control” things to make our living much comfortable and safer—and to ease our impact on the environment. In this paper we have proposed a elephant intrusion monitoring system using IOT. The various drawbacks in already existing system using embedded systems can be overcome as we have cloud based services, low cost and advanced miniaturization in packaging technology. Here we are developing a prototype model for real time interaction of elephant intrusion in forest border areas that allows a persistent monitoring by making use of an On board computer and cloud services.

  1. Study on the Development of Industry of Internet of Things Based on Competitive GEM Model in Fujian Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Di Jun An

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Firstly, the basic theories of internet of things, competitive GEM model and industrial development in Fujian Province were studied in this paper. Then, the factors influencing the cultivation of industrial competitiveness of the internet of things was observed and finally the suggestions on enhancing the competitiveness of internet of things and strengthening the cultivation of talents of internet of things were put forward.

  2. Simultaneous Class-based and Live Video Streamed Teaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørngreen, Rikke; Levinsen, Karin Ellen Tweddell; Jelsbak, Vibe Alopaeus;

    2015-01-01

    choice of either attending teaching sessions in the traditional way or working from home via the Internet. The education was motivated to expand the use of technologysupported teaching, by offering a flexible study programme, thereby increasing the recruitment base. The analysis described in this article...... sheds light on the pedagogical challenges, the educational designs possible, the opportunities and constrains associated with video conferencing as a pedagogical practice, as well as the technological, structural and organisational conditions involved. In this paper a participatory action research...

  3. FAIRY-TALE REALISM. HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSEN AND THE MODERN WORLD OF THINGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederike Felcht

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available According to recent research in literary studies, literature has a specific knowledge about things. My contribution supports this thesis by analyzing the world of things in Hans Christian Andersen's fairy tales. Exemplary readings reveal how Andersen's texts acknowledge the power of things in modern life and how these texts thus question scientific and philosophical concepts of subjectivity that dominated in the nineteenth century. The agency of things in Andersen's texts challenges the ideal of a rational subject that acts autonomously. Current theoretical approaches, notably Actor-Network-Theory, allow us to understand the realism of acting things in Andersen's work. That which is marvelous, which is prevalently used to define the genre Fairy Tale in literary studies, is inherent to modernity. The relationship between magic and modernity is different than expected: modernity consists of an interplay between enchantment and disenchantment

  4. FAIRY-TALE REALISM. HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSEN AND THE MODERN WORLD OF THINGS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederike Felcht

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available According to recent research in literary studies, literature has a specific knowledge about things. My contribution supports this thesis by analyzing the world of things in Hans Christian Andersen's fairy tales. Exemplary readings reveal how Andersen's texts acknowledge the power of things in modern life and how these texts thus question scientific and philosophical concepts of subjectivity that dominated in the nineteenth century. The agency of things in Andersen's texts challenges the ideal of a rational subject that acts autonomously. Current theoretical approaches, notably Actor-Network-Theory, allow us to understand the realism of acting things in Andersen's work. That which is marvelous, which is prevalently used to define the genre Fairy Tale in literary studies, is inherent to modernity. The relationship between magic and modernity is different than expected: modernity consists of an interplay between enchantment and disenchantment.

  5. Performance evaluation of recommendation algorithms on Internet of Things services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mashal, Ibrahim; Alsaryrah, Osama; Chung, Tein-Yaw

    2016-06-01

    Internet of Things (IoT) is the next wave of industry revolution that will initiate many services, such as personal health care and green energy monitoring, which people may subscribe for their convenience. Recommending IoT services to the users based on objects they own will become very crucial for the success of IoT. In this work, we introduce the concept of service recommender systems in IoT by a formal model. As a first attempt in this direction, we have proposed a hyper-graph model for IoT recommender system in which each hyper-edge connects users, objects, and services. Next, we studied the usefulness of traditional recommendation schemes and their hybrid approaches on IoT service recommendation (IoTSRS) based on existing well known metrics. The preliminary results show that existing approaches perform reasonably well but further extension is required for IoTSRS. Several challenges were discussed to point out the direction of future development in IoTSR.

  6. Analysis of Camera Arrays Applicable to the Internet of Things.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Jiachen; Xu, Ru; Lv, Zhihan; Song, Houbing

    2016-01-01

    The Internet of Things is built based on various sensors and networks. Sensors for stereo capture are essential for acquiring information and have been applied in different fields. In this paper, we focus on the camera modeling and analysis, which is very important for stereo display and helps with viewing. We model two kinds of cameras, a parallel and a converged one, and analyze the difference between them in vertical and horizontal parallax. Even though different kinds of camera arrays are used in various applications and analyzed in the research work, there are few discussions on the comparison of them. Therefore, we make a detailed analysis about their performance over different shooting distances. From our analysis, we find that the threshold of shooting distance for converged cameras is 7 m. In addition, we design a camera array in our work that can be used as a parallel camera array, as well as a converged camera array and take some images and videos with it to identify the threshold. PMID:27011189

  7. Analysis of Camera Arrays Applicable to the Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Jiachen; Xu, Ru; Lv, Zhihan; Song, Houbing

    2016-01-01

    The Internet of Things is built based on various sensors and networks. Sensors for stereo capture are essential for acquiring information and have been applied in different fields. In this paper, we focus on the camera modeling and analysis, which is very important for stereo display and helps with viewing. We model two kinds of cameras, a parallel and a converged one, and analyze the difference between them in vertical and horizontal parallax. Even though different kinds of camera arrays are used in various applications and analyzed in the research work, there are few discussions on the comparison of them. Therefore, we make a detailed analysis about their performance over different shooting distances. From our analysis, we find that the threshold of shooting distance for converged cameras is 7 m. In addition, we design a camera array in our work that can be used as a parallel camera array, as well as a converged camera array and take some images and videos with it to identify the threshold. PMID:27011189

  8. Analysis of Camera Arrays Applicable to the Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiachen Yang

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The Internet of Things is built based on various sensors and networks. Sensors for stereo capture are essential for acquiring information and have been applied in different fields. In this paper, we focus on the camera modeling and analysis, which is very important for stereo display and helps with viewing. We model two kinds of cameras, a parallel and a converged one, and analyze the difference between them in vertical and horizontal parallax. Even though different kinds of camera arrays are used in various applications and analyzed in the research work, there are few discussions on the comparison of them. Therefore, we make a detailed analysis about their performance over different shooting distances. From our analysis, we find that the threshold of shooting distance for converged cameras is 7 m. In addition, we design a camera array in our work that can be used as a parallel camera array, as well as a converged camera array and take some images and videos with it to identify the threshold.

  9. Little Things

    CERN Document Server

    Hunter, Deidre A; Ashley, Trisha; Brinks, Elias; Cigan, Phil; Elmegreen, Bruce G; Heesen, Volker; Herrmann, Kimberly A; Johnson, Megan; Se-Heon,; Rupen, Michael P; Schruba, Andreas; Simpson, Caroline E; Walter, Fabian; Westpfahl, David J; Young, Lisa M; Zhang, Hong-Xin

    2012-01-01

    We present LITTLE THINGS (Local Irregulars That Trace Luminosity Extremes, The HI Nearby Galaxy Survey) that is aimed at determining what drives star formation in dwarf galaxies. This is a multi-wavelength survey of 37 Dwarf Irregular and 4 Blue Compact Dwarf galaxies that is centered around HI-line data obtained with the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) Very Large Array (VLA). The HI-line data are characterized by high sensitivity (less than 1.1 mJy/beam per channel), high spectral resolution (less than or equal to 2.6 km/s), and high angular resolution (~6 arcseconds. The LITTLE THINGS sample contains dwarf galaxies that are relatively nearby (less than or equal to 10.3 Mpc; 6 arcseconds is less than or equal to 300 pc), that were known to contain atomic hydrogen, the fuel for star formation, and that cover a large range in dwarf galactic properties. We describe our VLA data acquisition, calibration, and mapping procedures, as well as HI map characteristics, and show channel maps, moment maps, ve...

  10. From Control Society to Parliament of Things: Designing Object Relations with an Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Tuters, Marc

    2009-01-01

    This article discusses ways of framing Locative Media through critical theories of new media, particularly Giles Deleuze’s “control society hypothesis” and Bruno Latour’s “parliament of things”. It considers artistic practices that combine data visualization and location-awareness in order to represent public space. If Locative Media largely reworked the Situationist practice of psychogeography, in which the city was the primary site of contestation, the article looks at practices which conte...

  11. Heuristic Algorithm using Internet of Things and Mobility for solving demographic issues in Financial Inclusion projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subhamoy Chakraborti

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available All over the world, the population in rural and semi-urban areas is a major concern for policy makers as they require technology enablement most to get elevated from their living conditions. Financial Inclusion projects are meant to work in this area as well. However the reach of financial institutions in those areas is much lesser than in urban areas in general. New policies and strategies are being made towards making banking services more accessible to the people in rural and semi-urban area. Technology, in particular Internet of Things (IoT and Mobilitycan play a major role in this context as an enablerand multiplier. This paper discusses about anIoT and Mobility driven approach, which the Financial Institutions may consider while trying to work on financial inclusion projects.

  12. Informing Urban Decision Making with an Array of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacob, R. L.; Catlett, C.; Beckman, P. H.; Sankaran, R.

    2015-12-01

    Over the next several decades, the population of the world's cities is projected to nearly double, increasing by 2.6 billion people and requiring massive urban expansion globally. This massive growth in urban density and scale will compound ongoing city challenges related to climate change, energy, infrastructure, public health, and more. Cities are using data they already collect such as 311 calls, bus and train operations, street repair orders, census data and building permits to help understand the complex interactions between the human, built and natural systems within a city and inform their decision making. Helping to guide urban decision-making is The Array of Things (AoT): a new tool for measuring many aspects of the physical environment of urban areas at the city block scale with continuous, reliable, integrated data from a variety of sensors. An AoT node includes multiple sensors to measure basic meteorological quantities such as pressure, temperature and humidity as well as light and trace gases such as carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide and ozone. The sensors operate 24/7 with ingest frequencies as high as 1Hz. The nodes are modular and allow new sensors to be added or swapped out. The hardware/software backbone of an AoT node is provided by the Waggle architecture. Each AoT node includes, via Waggle, compute power from a single board computer running Linux that allows data to be processed in-situ and, if needed, command and control of components of the node. Data is communicated in near real-time typically through WiFi, 3G or wired ethernet to a designated host and resilience is built-in to prevent data loss if communication is disrupted. The AoT includes a software stack with a programmable API and cloud-based infrastructure for performing data ingest and further analysis. The first full instance of AoT will comprise 500 nodes deployed in the City of Chicago, each with power, Internet, and a base set of sensing and embedded information

  13. The Appliance Pervasive of Internet of Things in Healthcare Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mir Sajjad Hussain Talpur

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In fact, information systems are the foundation of new productivity sources, medical organizational forms, and erection of a global economy. IoT based healthcare systems play a significant role in ICT and have contribution in growth of medical information systems, which are underpinning of recent medical and economic development strategies. However, to take advantages of IoT, it is essential that medical enterprises and community should trust the IoT systems in terms of performance, security, privacy, reliability and return-on-investment, which are open challenges of current IoT systems. For heightening of healthcare system; tracking, tracing and monitoring of patients and medical objects are more essential. But due to the inadequate healthcare situation, medical environment, medical technologies and the unique requirements of some healthcare applications, the obtainable tools cannot meet them accurately. The tracking, tracing and monitoring of patients and healthcare actors activities in healthcare system are challenging research directions for IoT researchers. State-of-the-art IoT based healthcare system should be developed which ensure the safety of patients and other healthcare activities. With this manuscript, we elaborate the essential role of IoT in healthcare systems; immense prospects of Internet of things in healthcare systems; extensive aspect of the use of IoT is dissimilar among different healthcare components and finally the participation of IoT between the useful research and present realistic applications. IoT and few other modern technologies are still in underpinning stage; mainly in the healthcare system.

  14. Adaptive Communication Techniques for the Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peng Du

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The vision for the Internet of Things (IoT demands that material objects acquire communications and computation capabilities and become able to automatically identify themselves through standard protocols and open systems, using the Internet as their foundation. Yet, several challenges still must be addressed for this vision to become a reality. A core ingredient in such development is the ability of heterogeneous devices to communicate adaptively so as to make the best of limited spectrum availability and cope with competition which is inevitable as more and more objects connect to the system. This survey provides an overview of current developments in this area, placing emphasis on wireless sensor networks that can provide IoT capabilities for material objects and techniques that can be used in the context of systems employing low-power versions of the Internet Protocol (IP stack. The survey introduces a conceptual model that facilitates the identification of opportunities for adaptation in each layer of the network stack. After a detailed discussion of specific approaches applicable to particular layers, we consider how sharing information across layers can facilitate further adaptation. We conclude with a discussion of future research directions.

  15. Concepts of the Internet of Things from the Aspect of the Autonomous Mobile Robots

    OpenAIRE

    Janos Simon

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is slowly gaining grounds and through the properties of barcodes, QR codes, RFID, active sensors and IPv6, objects are fitted with some form of readability and traceability. People are becoming part of digital global network driven by personal interests. The feeling being part of a community and the constant drive of getting connected from real life finds it continuation in digital networks. This article investigates the concepts of the internet of things from the...

  16. Semantic Analysis of Virtual Classes and Nested Classes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Ole Lehrmann

    1999-01-01

    Virtual classes and nested classes are distinguishing features of BETA. Nested classes originated from Simula, but until recently they have not been part of main stream object- oriented languages. C++ has a restricted form of nested classes and they were included in Java 1.1. Virtual classes is the...... classes and parameterized classes have been made. Although virtual classes and nested classes have been used in BETA for more than a decade, their implementation has not been published. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the understanding of virtual classes and nested classes by presenting the...

  17. The governmentalization of living

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlberg, Ayo; Rose, Nikolas

    2015-01-01

    ‘modified life tables’ made up of disability weightings, health state valuations, quality of life scores, disease burden estimates, etc. The problem of morbid death gives way to that of morbid living, made calculable through a metrics of ‘severity’, ‘disability’ and ‘impairment’. A series of new indices and...... scales (e.g. the QALY and DALY) has contributed to a governmentalization of living, in the course of which the social and personal consequences of living with disease come to be an object of political concern, and made knowable, calculable and thereby amenable to various strategies of intervention. We...

  18. Herschel Spectroscopic Observations of LITTLE THINGS Dwarf Galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Cigan, Phil; Cormier, Diane; Lebouteiller, Vianney; Madden, Suzanne; Hunter, Deidre; Brinks, Elias; Elmegreen, Bruce; Schruba, Andreas; Heesen, Volker

    2015-01-01

    We present far-infrared spectral line observations of five galaxies from the LITTLE THINGS sample: DDO 69, DDO 70, DDO 75, DDO 155, and WLM. While most studies of dwarfs focus on bright systems or starbursts due to observational constraints, our data extend the observed parameter space into the regime of low surface brightness dwarf galaxies with low metallicities and moderate star formation rates. Our targets were observed with Herschel at the [CII] 158um, [OI] 63um, [OIII] 88um, and NII 122um emission lines using the PACS Spectrometer. These high-resolution maps allow us for the first time to study the far-infrared properties of these systems on the scales of larger star-forming complexes. The spatial resolution in our maps, in combination with star formation tracers, allows us to identify separate PDRs in some of the regions we observed. Our systems have widespread [CII] emission that is bright relative to continuum, averaging near 0.5% of the total infrared budget - higher than in solar-metallicity galaxi...

  19. Optically powered active sensing system for Internet Of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Chen; Wang, Jin; Yin, Long; Yang, Jing; Jiang, Jian; Wan, Hongdan

    2014-10-01

    Internet Of Things (IOT) drives a significant increase in the extent and type of sensing technology and equipment. Sensors, instrumentation, control electronics, data logging and transmission units comprising such sensing systems will all require to be powered. Conventionally, electrical powering is supplied by batteries or/and electric power cables. The power supply by batteries usually has a limited lifetime, while the electric power cables are susceptible to electromagnetic interference. In fact, the electromagnetic interference is the key issue limiting the power supply in the strong electromagnetic radiation area and other extreme environments. The novel alternative method of power supply is power over fiber (PoF) technique. As fibers are used as power supply lines instead, the delivery of the power is inherently immune to electromagnetic radiation, and avoids cumbersome shielding of power lines. Such a safer power supply mode would be a promising candidate for applications in IOT. In this work, we built up optically powered active sensing system, supplying uninterrupted power for the remote active sensors and communication modules. Also, we proposed a novel maximum power point tracking technique for photovoltaic power convertors. In our system, the actual output efficiency greater than 40% within 1W laser power. After 1km fiber transmission and opto-electric power conversion, a stable electric power of 210mW was obtained, which is sufficient for operating an active sensing system.

  20. Crawler for Nodes in the Internet of Things

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wenchao Jia

    2015-01-01

    Determining the application and version of nodes in the Inter⁃net of Things (IoT) is very important for warning about and managing vulnerabilities in the IoT. This article defines the attributes for determining the application and version of nodes in the IoT. By improving the structure of the Internet web crawler, which obtains raw data from nodes, we can obtain da⁃ta from nodes in the IoT. We improve on the existing strate⁃gy, in which only determinations are stored, by also storing downloaded raw data locally in MongoDB. This stored raw da⁃ta can be conveniently used to determine application type and node version when a new determination method emerges or when there is a new application type or node version. In such instances, the crawler does not have to scan the Internet again. We show through experimentation that our crawler can crawl the IoT and obtain data necessary for determining the application type and node version.

  1. Doing Different Things or Doing Things Different: Exploring the Role of Action Learning in Innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbott, Christine; Weiss, Michael

    2016-01-01

    The notion of action learning driven innovation is explored with reference to three action-learning projects carried out in the last year and a proposed multi stakeholder project starting in 2016. The authors also provide an account of "innovation", including its rationale and characteristics, and argues for its particular suitability in…

  2. DATA PROCESSING AND STORAGE IN THE INTERNET OF THINGS SYSTEMS

    OpenAIRE

    Курдеча, Василий Васильевич; Іщенко, Іван Олександрович; Захарчук, Андрій Геннадійович

    2016-01-01

    Обробка і зберігання  даних в системах інтернету речейУ статті був проведений аналіз існуючих технологій до появи IoT Hub. Було підтверджено підвищення ефективності та безпеки обробки даних в системах Internet of Things за рахунок нової IoT архітектури з використанням IoT Hub.

  3. The Internet of Things (IoT): An Overview

    OpenAIRE

    Antar Shaddad Abdul-Qawy; Pramod P. J

    2015-01-01

    Information and Communications Technology (ICT) controls our daily behaviors. It becomes a main part of our life critical infrastructure bringing interconnection of heterogeneous devices in different aspects. Personal computing, sensing, surveillance, smart homes, entertainment, transportation and video streaming are examples, to name a few. As a critical living entity, Internet is contentiously changing and evolving leading to emerging new technologies, applications, protocols an...

  4. Evolving Quantum-Universe Aggregates: A Theory of Every 'Thing'

    CERN Document Server

    Chew, Geoffrey F

    2016-01-01

    'Quc' here stands for 'quantum-universe constituent'. A quc's 3-vector momentum 'Dirac-displaces' its location in a curved Riemannian space; a quc's energy Dirac-boosts its rapidity. No quc is a 'thing' but quc-aggregates (photons, electrons, quarks, molecules, stars, galaxies...), via aggregating Noether-conserved quc attributes, enable human language and (Popper) science.

  5. The "Internet of Things": What It Is and What It Means for Libraries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoy, Matthew B

    2015-01-01

    The "Internet of Things" is a popular buzzword but a poorly understood concept. In short, it refers to everyday objects that can sense the environment around them and communicate that data to other objects and services via the Internet. This column will briefly explain what the Internet of Things is and how it might be useful for libraries. It will also discuss some of the problems with and objections to this technology. A list of currently available Internet of Things examples is also included. PMID:26211795

  6. Nature, Education and Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rømer, Thomas Aastrup

    2013-01-01

    In this essay it is argued that the educational philosophy of John Dewey gains in depth and importance by being related to his philosophy of nature, his metaphysics. The result is that any experiental process is situated inside an event, an existence, a thing, and I try to interpret this "thing" as schools or major cultural events such…

  7. Building the Internet of Things with IPv6 and MIPv6 the evolving world of m2m communications

    CERN Document Server

    Minoli, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    ""If we had computers that knew everything there was to know about things-using data they gathered without any help from us-we would be able to track and count everything, and greatly reduce waste, loss, and cost. We would know when things needed replacing, repairing or recalling, and whether they were fresh or past their best. The Internet of Things has the potential to change the world, just as the Internet did. Maybe even more so.""-Kevin Ashton, originator of the term, Internet of Things An examination of the concept and unimagined potential unleashed by the Internet of Things (IoT) with

  8. Vulnerability investigation for Internet of things sensor subnetworks architecture for different types of attacks

    OpenAIRE

    Алєксандер, Марек Богуслав; Державна вища технічна школа у Новому Сончі; Корченко, Олександр Григорович; Національний авіаційний університет; Карпінський, Микола Петрович; Університет у Бельсько-Бялій; Одарченко, Роман Сергійович; Національний авіаційний університет

    2016-01-01

    The paper analyzes the contemporary the Internet of things concept architecture. Relevance of research in this area was shown. The features, location and prospects of modern wireless sensor subnetworks, including the concept of the Internet of things were analyzed. Considered the most popular standards used for their construction. The basic requirements for the devices that make up the modern architecture of wireless sensor networks, including high energy efficiency, portability, autonomy. Th...

  9. Human Empowerment in a Semantic Web of Things : Concept of a semantic platform for connected devices

    OpenAIRE

    Meder, Jens

    2014-01-01

    The Internet of Things is a vision of autonomous devices that can gather, process, and transmit information without human intervention. The power of the Internet of Things lies in the connections between devices and internet resources. They allow humans to delegate automatable tasks to devices and internet services so that they can execute them. Yet, there is no common platform for connecting these resources today. Recent studies show that human autonomy, agency, and social injustice are of c...

  10. Medical Device Integration Model Based on the Internet of Things.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hao, Aiyu; Wang, Ling

    2015-01-01

    At present, hospitals in our country have basically established the HIS system, which manages registration, treatment, and charge, among many others, of patients. During treatment, patients need to use medical devices repeatedly to acquire all sorts of inspection data. Currently, the output data of the medical devices are often manually input into information system, which is easy to get wrong or easy to cause mismatches between inspection reports and patients. For some small hospitals of which information construction is still relatively weak, the information generated by the devices is still presented in the form of paper reports. When doctors or patients want to have access to the data at a given time again, they can only look at the paper files. Data integration between medical devices has long been a difficult problem for the medical information system, because the data from medical devices are lack of mandatory unified global standards and have outstanding heterogeneity of devices. In order to protect their own interests, manufacturers use special protocols, etc., thus causing medical decices to still be the "lonely island" of hospital information system. Besides, unfocused application of the data will lead to failure to achieve a reasonable distribution of medical resources. With the deepening of IT construction in hospitals, medical information systems will be bound to develop towards mobile applications, intelligent analysis, and interconnection and interworking, on the premise that there is an effective medical device integration (MDI) technology. To this end, this paper presents a MDI model based on the Internet of Things (IoT). Through abstract classification, this model is able to extract the common characteristics of the devices, resolve the heterogeneous differences between them, and employ a unified protocol to integrate data between devices. And by the IoT technology, it realizes interconnection network of devices and conducts associate matching

  11. Connections, Information and Reality: Thinking about the internet of things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Van Lier

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The number of connections between people, organizations and technology is proliferating rapidly, and the amount of information they produce, exchange and share is increasing accordingly. These connections and the information they produce are defining and shaping our daily life and work and our perception of reality. Computers in all forms are becoming smaller and less visible, but they are omnipresent. This development of information technology ‘everyware’, as Greenfield calls it, is also referred to as ubiquitous computing. With the development of ubiquitous computing, computers not only disappear from our perception, but also from our experience. When these new and almost invisible technological devices are tied together, for instance in the Internet of Things, the information resulting from that connection will be more than the sum of its parts. The Internet is the place where subjects are connected and where they exchange and share information. With the development of the ‘Internet of things’, the Internet will also connect objects and enable them to exchange and share information. In this Internet of the future, subjects and objects are more and more connected in random coalitions and networks on the basis of information. These new connections and their seamless exchanging and sharing of information will challenge traditional organizational structures. The information produced in networks will be used for changes to our existing reality and will help create a new reality. Will this development of subjects and objects connected in networks raise new questions and challenges for science and for the development of knowledge within a changing reality?

  12. Economic viability and Future Impact of Internet of Things in India: An Inevitable wave

    OpenAIRE

    Agrawal, Sharul; HIMANSHU S. MAZUMDAR

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of things , sometimes referred as Internet of objects can be stated as an environment in which any physical things or objects are assigned with unique addresses and an internet connection to communicate to external objects or people without requiring any human intervention. In year 2014 around three billion people around the world are reported to use internet for using social networking applications, ecommerce applications, surfing the web etc which is tenfold times as compared t...

  13. Medical Internet of Things and Big Data in Healthcare

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Objectives A number of technologies can reduce overall costs for the prevention or management of chronic illnesses. These include devices that constantly monitor health indicators, devices that auto-administer therapies, or devices that track real-time health data when a patient self-administers a therapy. Because they have increased access to high-speed Internet and smartphones, many patients have started to use mobile applications (apps) to manage various health needs. These devices and mobile apps are now increasingly used and integrated with telemedicine and telehealth via the medical Internet of Things (mIoT). This paper reviews mIoT and big data in healthcare fields. Methods mIoT is a critical piece of the digital transformation of healthcare, as it allows new business models to emerge and enables changes in work processes, productivity improvements, cost containment and enhanced customer experiences. Results Wearables and mobile apps today support fitness, health education, symptom tracking, and collaborative disease management and care coordination. All those platform analytics can raise the relevancy of data interpretations, reducing the amount of time that end users spend piecing together data outputs. Insights gained from big data analysis will drive the digital disruption of the healthcare world, business processes and real-time decision-making. Conclusions A new category of "personalised preventative health coaches" (Digital Health Advisors) will emerge. These workers will possess the skills and the ability to interpret and understand health and well-being data. They will help their clients avoid chronic and diet-related illness, improve cognitive function, achieve improved mental health and achieve improved lifestyles overall. As the global population ages, such roles will become increasingly important. PMID:27525156

  14. Low Power WiFi: a study on power consumption for Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Amozarrain Perez, Ugaitz

    2015-01-01

    An analysis of a Low-Power WiFi devices and the feasibility of using such a device for Internet of Things applications, for wireless sensor networks more specifically. The device is analyzed in power consumption and performance.

  15. A New RFID Tag Code Transformation Approach in Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulong Huang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Along with the development of RFID technology, RFID tag is used for identifying object in more and more areas. RFID becomes one of the most important technologies in application and development of Internet of Things. Currently, in the applications of Internet-Internet of things, one of the most important issues is that the information carried by tag code can't be shared in different tag code standard systems and the tag code in different systems is incompatbile. In order to solve this issue, a new RFID tag code transformation approach for Internet of Things is proposed by this paper. With this approach, information sharing and exchanging between different tag codes standard systems becomes feasible and the global Internet-Internet of Things applications will be accelerated.

  16. Sensor Search Techniques for Sensing as a Service Architecture for the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Perera, Charith; Zaslavsky, Arkady; Liu, Chi Harold; Compton, Michael; Christen, Peter; Georgakopoulos, Dimitrios

    2014-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is part of the Internet of the future and will comprise billions of intelligent communicating "things" or Internet Connected Objects (ICO) which will have sensing, actuating, and data processing capabilities. Each ICO will have one or more embedded sensors that will capture potentially enormous amounts of data. The sensors and related data streams can be clustered physically or virtually, which raises the challenge of searching and selecting the right sensors for ...

  17. Flowerbeds and hothouses: botany, gardens, and the tcirculation of knowledge in Things

    OpenAIRE

    Arens, Esther Helena

    2015-01-01

    The development and management of planted spaces in Northwestern Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries depended on the possibilities for circulation in the republic of letters of the Dutch golden age. Circulation was accompanied by questions of managing space, information and "epistemic things" (Rheinberger) for botanists. Against the conceptual backdrop of "circulation" (Raj), "circulatory regimes" (Saunier) and "ensembles of things" (Hahn), this paper analyses, first, flowerbeds as a script...

  18. Towards NFC payments using a lightweight architecture for the Web of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Grønli, T-M; Ghinea, G.; Pourghomi, P

    2014-01-01

    The Web (and Internet) of Things has seen the rapid emergence of new protocols and standards, which provide for innovative models of interaction for applications. One such model fostered by the Web of Things (WoT) ecosystem is that of contactless interaction between devices. Near Field Communication (NFC) technology is one such enabler of contactless interactions. Contactless technology for the WoT requires all parties to agree one common definition and implementation and, in this paper, we p...

  19. Research on sensor design for internet of things and laser manufacturing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Tao; Yao, Jianquan; Guo, Ling; Zhang, Yanchun

    2010-12-01

    In this paper, we will introduce the research on sensor design for IOT (Internet of Things) and laser manufacturing, and supporting the establishment of local area IOT. The main contents include studying on the structure designing of silicon micro tilt sensor, data acquisition and processing, addressing implanted and building Local Area IOT with wireless sensor network technology. At last, it is discussed the status and trends of the Internet of Things from the promoters, watchers, pessimists and doers.

  20. Research on Port Supply Chain Logistics Integration Based on the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Wang Jiu-He; Su Li-Huan

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we propose port logistics integration of supply chain integration model on the basis of port supply chain. According to the information integrated manner in the vertical integration model, use of the Internet of Things technology, built within the port logistics information platform based on the Internet of Things. And take other ports in the port group,the upstream and downstream enterprises and port units into account, by expanding and upgr...

  1. A robust authentication scheme for observing resources in the internet of things environment

    OpenAIRE

    Jan, Mian Ahmad; Priyadarsi NANDA; He, Xiangjian; Tan, Zhiyuan; Liu, Ren Ping

    2014-01-01

    The Internet of Things is a vision that broadens the scope of the internet by incorporating physical objects to identify themselves to the participating entities. This innovative concept enables a physical device to represent itself in the digital world. There are a lot of speculations and future forecasts about the Internet of Things devices. However, most of them are vendor specific and lack a unified standard, which renders their seamless integration and interoperable operations. Another m...

  2. The Internet of Things: Business Applications, Technology Acceptance, and Future Prospects

    OpenAIRE

    Salinas Segura, Alexander

    2016-01-01

    This dissertation explores the Internet of Things from three different perspectives for which three individual studies were conducted. The first study presents a business application within supply chain management. The second study addresses user acceptance of pervasive information systems, while the third study covers future prospects of the Internet of Things. The first study is about wireless sensor technologies and their possibilities for optimizing product quality in the cold chain. ...

  3. theories of class

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaiotto, Davide; Razamat, Shlomo S.

    2015-07-01

    We construct classes of superconformal theories elements of which are labeled by punctured Riemann surfaces. Degenerations of the surfaces correspond, in some cases, to weak coupling limits. Different classes are labeled by two integers ( N, k). The k = 1 case coincides with A N - 1 theories of class and simple examples of theories with k > 1 are orbifolds of some of the A N - 1 class theories. For the space of theories to be complete in an appropriate sense we find it necessary to conjecture existence of new strongly coupled SCFTs. These SCFTs when coupled to additional matter can be related by dualities to gauge theories. We discuss in detail the A 1 case with k = 2 using the supersymmetric index as our analysis tool. The index of theories in classes with k > 1 can be constructed using eigenfunctions of elliptic quantum mechanical models generalizing the Ruijsenaars-Schneider integrable model. When the elliptic curve of the model degenerates these eigenfunctions become polynomials with coefficients being algebraic expressions in fugacities, generalizing the Macdonald polynomials with rational coefficients appearing when k = 1.

  4. Scrum in Traditional Industrial Projects That Contain Internet of Things Solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Jousi, Francisco

    2016-01-01

    This thesis describes how and why companies should invest in Internet of things solutions. Two project management methods are described, the traditional Waterfall project management methodology, and the Scrum agile project management framework. Both project management methods were studied to create a manual on how to start the transition from traditional project management to agile Scrum. It is further explained why this transition is needed to start creating internet of things solutions in i...

  5. Anonymous Authentication Scheme for Intercommunication in the Internet of Things Environments

    OpenAIRE

    Youngseok Chung; Seokjin Choi; Dongho Won

    2015-01-01

    Authentication and privacy protection are important security mechanisms for keeping things safe in the Internet of Things environments. In particular, an anonymous authentication scheme is a privacy preserving authentication technique which provides both authentication and privacy preservation. An authentication scheme with anonymity in mobility networks was proposed recently. However, it was proven that it failed to provide anonymity against passive adversaries and malicious users and securi...

  6. Residues of Chern classes

    OpenAIRE

    Suwa, Tatsuo; 諏訪, 立雄

    2003-01-01

    If we have a finite number of sections of a complex vector bundle E over a manifold M, certain Chern classes of E are localized at the singular set S, i.e., the set of points where the sections fail to be linearly independent. When S is compact, the localizations define the residues at each connected component of S by the Alexander duality. If M itself is compact, the sum of the residues is equal to the Poincaré dual of the corresponding Chern class. This type of theory is also developed for ...

  7. Residues of Chern classes

    OpenAIRE

    Suwa, Tatsuo

    2003-01-01

    If we have a finite number of sections of a complex vector bundle $E$ over a manifold $M$ , certain Chern classes of $E$ are localized at the singular set $S$ , i.e., the set of points where the sections fail to be linearly independent. When $S$ is compact, the localizations define the residues at each connected component of $S$ by the Alexander duality. If $M$ itself is compact, the sum of the residues is equal to the Poincaré dual of the corresponding Chern class. This type of theory is als...

  8. Social Class Dialogues and the Fostering of Class Consciousness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madden, Meredith

    2015-01-01

    How do critical pedagogies promote undergraduate students' awareness of social class, social class identity, and social class inequalities in education? How do undergraduate students experience class consciousness-raising in the intergroup dialogue classroom? This qualitative study explores undergraduate students' class consciousness-raising in an…

  9. "It's just one of those things that happens".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Nancy K

    2015-12-01

    I thought this prenatal visit would be like any other. But then I read the patient's name-Rosa. Six months earlier, Rosa had left Minnesota with her husband and kids to visit their home and family in Mexico. Their 18-month-old, Manuelo, had been dying. He was diagnosed with the neurodegenerative condition Tay-Sachs disease. She had a second pregnancy that developed normally and I worried. Two days later, her baby, Luz was in my clinic and a blood test showed she had Tay-Sachs disease. Luz died on the way home after two days after Rosa' delivered her next baby. Rosa believed U.S. doctors were wrong. Manuelo didn't have Tay-Sachs. Manuelo's difficulties were from mal de ojo-the evil eye. Rosa told me that they had stopped Manuelo's antiseizure medications a month before his death, and he had seemed better, almost rolling over again. This improvement was strong evidence that mal de ojo had caused his problems. But it had been discovered too late, so Manuelo had died. Caught between wanting to respect their beliefs and worrying about the baby, I probed for any doubt in Rosa's thinking. During their last clinic visit, I asked Rosa how she understood what had happened to Manuelo and Luz. She still believed mal de ojo was responsible. It has been 9 years since that farewell. Recently, I heard from Rosa's extended family in Minnesota that Rosa, Pedro, and their kids are well and plan to return to Minnesota this year. I am looking forward to seeing them. My existence as a physician is dependent on and continually shaped by the patients and families that come to me for care. There is a lot in that process that is not in my control. For me, caring for Rosa and her family was "one of those things that happens," and something that has sculpted me into the physician that I am. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:26641873

  10. Semantic Framework of Internet of Things for Smart Cities: Case Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ningyu Zhang

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the advancement of sensor technology has led to the generation of heterogeneous Internet-of-Things (IoT data by smart cities. Thus, the development and deployment of various aspects of IoT-based applications are necessary to mine the potential value of data to the benefit of people and their lives. However, the variety, volume, heterogeneity, and real-time nature of data obtained from smart cities pose considerable challenges. In this paper, we propose a semantic framework that integrates the IoT with machine learning for smart cities. The proposed framework retrieves and models urban data for certain kinds of IoT applications based on semantic and machine-learning technologies. Moreover, we propose two case studies: pollution detection from vehicles and traffic pattern detection. The experimental results show that our system is scalable and capable of accommodating a large number of urban regions with different types of IoT applications.

  11. Concepts of the Internet of Things from the Aspect of the Autonomous Mobile Robots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janos Simon

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The Internet of Things (IoT is slowly gaining grounds and through the properties of barcodes, QR codes, RFID, active sensors and IPv6, objects are fitted with some form of readability and traceability. People are becoming part of digital global network driven by personal interests. The feeling being part of a community and the constant drive of getting connected from real life finds it continuation in digital networks. This article investigates the concepts of the internet of things from the aspect of the autonomous mobile robots with an overview of the performances of the currently available database systems.

  12. Study of Water Pollution Early Warning Framework Based on Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chengfang, H.; Xiao, X.; Dingtao, S.; Bo, C.; Xiongfei, W.

    2016-06-01

    In recent years, with the increasing world environmental pollution happening, sudden water pollution incident has become more and more frequently in China. It has posed a serious threat to water safety of the people living in the water source area. Conventional water pollution monitoring method is manual periodic testing, it maybe miss the best time to find that pollution incident. This paper proposes a water pollution warning framework to change this state. On the basis of the Internet of things, we uses automatic water quality monitoring technology to realize monitoring. We calculate the monitoring data with water pollution model to judge whether the water pollution incident is happen or not. Water pollution warning framework is divided into three layers: terminal as the sensing layer, it with the deployment of the automatic water quality pollution monitoring sensor. The middle layer is the transfer network layer, data information implementation is based on GPRS wireless network transmission. The upper one is the application layer. With these application systems, early warning information of water pollution will realize the high-speed transmission between grassroots units and superior units. The paper finally gives an example that applying this pollution warning framework to water quality monitoring of Beijing, China, it greatly improves the speed of the pollution warning responding of Beijing.

  13. Incorpoaration of Geosensor Networks Into Internet of Things for Environmental Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habibi, R.; Alesheikh, A. A.

    2015-12-01

    Thanks to the recent advances of miniaturization and the falling costs for sensors and also communication technologies, Internet specially, the number of internet-connected things growth tremendously. Moreover, geosensors with capability of generating high spatial and temporal resolution data, measuring a vast diversity of environmental data and automated operations provide powerful abilities to environmental monitoring tasks. Geosensor nodes are intuitively heterogeneous in terms of the hardware capabilities and communication protocols to take part in the Internet of Things scenarios. Therefore, ensuring interoperability is an important step. With this respect, the focus of this paper is particularly on incorporation of geosensor networks into Internet of things through an architecture for monitoring real-time environmental data with use of OGC Sensor Web Enablement standards. This approach and its applicability is discussed in the context of an air pollution monitoring scenario.

  14. The State of the Australian Middle Class

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clive Hamilton

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available There is a widespread view that the middle class in Australia is doing it tough, that they arefinding it increasingly difficult to maintain a decent standard of living and are suffering frommortgage stress. Indeed, some media reports have announced the end of the middle classdream.This paper tests a number of these popular views against the statistical data. It asks whetherthe typical Australian family can be said to be struggling? Are mortgages creating severeproblems for middle-class families? Is the middle class shrinking? Are families copingfinancially only because wives are going out to work?

  15. The why of things: causality in science, medicine, and life

    CERN Document Server

    Rabins, Peter V.

    2013-01-01

    Why was there a meltdown at the Fukushima power plant? Why do some people get cancer and not others? Why is global warming happening? Why does one person get depressed in the face of life's vicissitudes while another finds resilience? Questions like these -- questions of causality -- form the basis of modern scientific inquiry, posing profound intellectual and methodological challenges for researchers in the physical, natural, biomedical, and social sciences. In this groundbreaking book, noted psychiatrist and author Peter Rabins offers a conceptual framework for analyzing daunting questions of causality. Navigating a lively intellectual voyage between the shoals of strict reductionism and relativism, Rabins maps a three-facet model of causality and applies it to a variety of questions in science, medicine, economics, and more. Throughout this book, Rabins situates his argument within relevant scientific contexts, such as quantum mechanics, cybernetics, chaos theory, and epigenetics. A renowned communicator o...

  16. The Information Society Towards the Knowledge Based Society Driven by the Information and Communications Technologies - From the Internet of Things to the Internet of… Trees (Part 2)

    OpenAIRE

    GREU, Victor

    2015-01-01

    The paper analyzes the Internet of things (IoT) evolution, in the context of the information and communications technologies (ICT) exponential development, as the main factor of the information society (IS) transformation toward knowledge based society (KBS). For starting the analysis of the IoT evolution a life example was taken, where, after 40 years of carrier evolution, people who benefited from a high level of knowledge, in a special class of mathematics at the high school, had also a sp...

  17. The Promise of the Internet of Things in Healthcare: How Hard Is It to Keep?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marques, Rita; Gregório, João; Mira Da Silva, Miguel; Lapão, Luís Velez

    2016-01-01

    Internet of Things is starting to be implemented in healthcare. An example is the automated monitoring systems that are currently being used to provide healthcare workers with feedback regarding their hand hygiene compliance. These solutions seem effective in promoting healthcare workers self-awareness and action regarding their hand hygiene performance, which is still far from desired. Underlying these systems, an indoor positioning component (following Internet of Things paradigm) is used to collect data from the ward regarding healthcare workers' position, which will be later used to make some assumptions about the usage of alcohol-based handrub dispensers and sinks. We found that building such a system under the scope of the healthcare field is not a trivial task and it must be subject to several considerations, which are presented, analyzed and discussed in this paper. The limitations of present Internet of Things technologies are not yet ready to address the demanding field of healthcare. PMID:27577468

  18. Front-End Intelligence for Large-Scale Application-Oriented Internet-of-Things

    KAUST Repository

    Bader, Ahmed

    2016-06-14

    The Internet-of-things (IoT) refers to the massive integration of electronic devices, vehicles, buildings, and other objects to collect and exchange data. It is the enabling technology for a plethora of applications touching various aspects of our lives such as healthcare, wearables, surveillance, home automation, smart manufacturing, and intelligent automotive systems. Existing IoT architectures are highly centralized and heavily rely on a back-end core network for all decision-making processes. This may lead to inefficiencies in terms of latency, network traffic management, computational processing, and power consumption. In this paper, we advocate the empowerment of front-end IoT devices to support the back-end network in fulfilling end-user applications requirements mainly by means of improved connectivity and efficient network management. A novel conceptual framework is presented for a new generation of IoT devices that will enable multiple new features for both the IoT administrators as well as end users. Exploiting the recent emergence of software-defined architecture, these smart IoT devices will allow fast, reliable, and intelligent management of diverse IoT-based applications. After highlighting relevant shortcomings of the existing IoT architectures, we outline some key design perspectives to enable front-end intelligence while shedding light on promising future research directions.

  19. Information Integration of CPFR in Automobile Parts Inbound Logistics Based on Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaohui Liu

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available With the improvement of supply chain management and development of information technology, the nature of business processes has changed from intra-enterprise to cross-enterprise. Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and Replenishment (CPFR come into being in this case. This research aims to looks at the literature of CPFR and the Internet of Things, and then analyzes the information integration of CPFR in automobile parts inbound logistics. The CPFR reference model is designed to fit many scenarios and the paper focuses on the information integration of CPFR model in the scenario of automobile parts inbound logistics based on the environment of Internet of Things.

  20. Health status transitions in community-living elderly with complex care needs: a latent class approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Béland François

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background For older persons with complex care needs, accounting for the variability and interdependency in how health dimensions manifest themselves is necessary to understand the dynamic of health status. Our objective is to test the hypothesis that a latent classification can capture this heterogeneity in a population of frail elderly persons living in the community. Based on a person-centered approach, the classification corresponds to substantively meaningful groups of individuals who present with a comparable constellation of health problems. Methods Using data collected for the SIPA project, a system of integrated care for frail older people (n = 1164, we performed latent class analyses to identify homogenous categories of health status (i.e. health profiles based on 17 indicators of prevalent health problems (chronic conditions; depression; cognition; functional and sensory limitations; instrumental, mobility and personal care disability Then, we conducted latent transition analyses to study change in profile membership over 2 consecutive periods of 12 and 10 months, respectively. We modeled competing risks for mortality and lost to follow-up as absorbing states to avoid attrition biases. Results We identified four health profiles that distinguish the physical and cognitive dimensions of health and capture severity along the disability dimension. The profiles are stable over time and robust to mortality and lost to follow-up attrition. The differentiated and gender-specific patterns of transition probabilities demonstrate the profiles' sensitivity to change in health status and unmasked the differential relationship of physical and cognitive domains with progression in disability. Conclusion Our approach may prove useful at organization and policy levels where many issues call for classification of individuals into pragmatically meaningful groups. In dealing with attrition biases, our analytical strategy could provide critical

  1. High-resolution mass models of dwarf galaxies from LITTLE THINGS

    CERN Document Server

    Oh, Se-Heon; Brinks, Elias; Elmegreen, Bruce G; Schruba, Andreas; Walter, Fabian; Rupen, Michael P; Young, Lisa M; Simpson, Caroline E; Johnson, Megan; Herrmann, Kimberly A; Ficut-Vicas, Dana; Cigan, Phil; Heesen, Volker; Ashley, Trisha; Zhang, Hong-Xin

    2015-01-01

    We present high-resolution rotation curves and mass models of 26 dwarf galaxies from LITTLE THINGS. LITTLE THINGS is a high-resolution Very Large Array HI survey for nearby dwarf galaxies in the local volume within 11 Mpc. The rotation curves of the sample galaxies derived in a homogeneous and consistent manner are combined with Spitzer archival 3.6 micron and ancillary optical U, B, and V images to construct mass models of the galaxies. We decompose the rotation curves in terms of the dynamical contributions by baryons and dark matter halos, and compare the latter with those of dwarf galaxies from THINGS as well as Lambda CDM SPH simulations in which the effect of baryonic feedback processes is included. Being generally consistent with THINGS and simulated dwarf galaxies, most of the LITTLE THINGS sample galaxies show a linear increase of the rotation curve in their inner regions, which gives shallower logarithmic inner slopes alpha of their dark matter density profiles. The mean value of the slopes of the 2...

  2. Comparing Properties of Massively Multiplayer Online Worlds and the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Nevelsteen, Kim J. L.; Kanter, Theo; Rahmani, Rahim

    2016-01-01

    With the rise of the Internet of Things (IoT), this means recognizing the need for architectures to handle billions of devices and their interactions. A virtual world engine at the massively multiplayer scale is a massively multiplayer online world (MMOW); one thing virtual world engines realized when going into the scale of MMOs, is the cost of maintaining a potentially quadratic number of interactions between a massive number of objects, laid out in a spatial dimension. Research into IoT wa...

  3. Research on Lightweight Information Security System of the Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Li

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In order to improve the security of information transmitted in the internet of things, this study designs an information security system architecture of internet of things based on a lightweight cryptography. In this security system, an authentication protocol, encryption/decryption protocol and signature verification protocol are proposed and implemented. All these security protocol are used to verify the legality of access device and to protect the confidentiality and integrity of transformation data. This study analyzes the security and performance of the system.

  4. Strategic Thinking of the Internet of Things and M2M Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qi Qingzhong

    2010-01-01

    @@ Editor' s Desk: The Internet of Things is an important part of the emerging high-tech industry and has been recognized as one of the important technologies for addressing global financial crisis and revitalizing the economy. Therefore, at the beginning of the new year, we are honored to have invited Mr. Samuel Qi (Qi Qingzhong), a famous Chinese communication technology expert and GM of Shanghai Symphony Telecommunications Co., Ltd., to give his views on the development strategy of the Internet of Things and Machine to Machine (M2M) Communications.

  5. How Things Work: The Physics of Everyday Life, 3rd Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloomfield, Louis A.

    2005-09-01

    This book is an unconventional introduction to physics and science that starts with whole objects and looks inside them to see what makes them work. It's written for students who seek a connection between science and the world in which they live. How Things Work brings science to the reader rather than the reverse. Like the course in which it developed, this book has always been for nonscientists and is written with their interests in mind. Nonetheless, it has attracted students from the sciences, engineering, architecture, and other technical fields who wish to put scientific concepts into context. This book is written in English and organized in a case-study fashion. It conveys an understanding and appreciation for physics by finding physics concepts and principles within the familiar objects of everyday experience. Because its structure is defined by real-life examples, this book necessarily discusses concepts as they're needed and then revisits them later on when they reappear in other objects. Lou Bloomfield is a highly dedicated teacher and one of the most popular professors at University of Virginia, and was the recipient of the 1998 State of Virginia Outstanding Faculty Award. Lou has given talks all over the country on teaching physics through everyday objects. He has extreme attention to detail and knowledge of technical physics. He is very tech savvy and has been able to provide many of the photos and illustrations for the text himself.

  6. The Application Research of Modern Intelligent Cold Chain Distribution System Based on Internet of Things Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Dehui; Gao, Shan

    This paper implemented an intelligent cold chain distribution system based on the technology of Internet of things, and took the protoplasmic beer logistics transport system as example. It realized the remote real-time monitoring material status, recorded the distribution information, dynamically adjusted the distribution tasks and other functions. At the same time, the system combined the Internet of things technology with weighted filtering algorithm, realized the real-time query of condition curve, emergency alarming, distribution data retrieval, intelligent distribution task arrangement, etc. According to the actual test, it can realize the optimization of inventory structure, and improve the efficiency of cold chain distribution.

  7. A Survey on Energy Conserving Mechanisms for the Internet of Things: Wireless Networking Aspects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbas, Zeeshan; Yoon, Wonyong

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is an emerging key technology for future industries and everyday lives of people, where a myriad of battery operated sensors, actuators, and smart objects are connected to the Internet to provide services such as mobile healthcare, intelligent transport system, environmental monitoring, etc. Since energy efficiency is of utmost importance to these battery constrained IoT devices, IoT-related standards and research works have focused on the device energy conserving issues. This paper presents a comprehensive survey on energy conserving issues and solutions in using diverse wireless radio access technologies for IoT connectivity, e.g., the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) machine type communications, IEEE 802.11ah, Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), and Z-Wave. We look into the literature in broad areas of standardization, academic research, and industry development, and structurally summarize the energy conserving solutions based on several technical criteria. We also propose future research directions regarding energy conserving issues in wireless networking-based IoT. PMID:26404275

  8. A Survey on Energy Conserving Mechanisms for the Internet of Things: Wireless Networking Aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeeshan Abbas

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The Internet of Things (IoT is an emerging key technology for future industries and everyday lives of people, where a myriad of battery operated sensors, actuators, and smart objects are connected to the Internet to provide services such as mobile healthcare, intelligent transport system, environmental monitoring, etc. Since energy efficiency is of utmost importance to these battery constrained IoT devices, IoT-related standards and research works have focused on the device energy conserving issues. This paper presents a comprehensive survey on energy conserving issues and solutions in using diverse wireless radio access technologies for IoT connectivity, e.g., the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP machine type communications, IEEE 802.11ah, Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE, and Z-Wave. We look into the literature in broad areas of standardization, academic research, and industry development, and structurally summarize the energy conserving solutions based on several technical criteria. We also propose future research directions regarding energy conserving issues in wireless networking-based IoT.

  9. A Survey on Energy Conserving Mechanisms for the Internet of Things: Wireless Networking Aspects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbas, Zeeshan; Yoon, Wonyong

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is an emerging key technology for future industries and everyday lives of people, where a myriad of battery operated sensors, actuators, and smart objects are connected to the Internet to provide services such as mobile healthcare, intelligent transport system, environmental monitoring, etc. Since energy efficiency is of utmost importance to these battery constrained IoT devices, IoT-related standards and research works have focused on the device energy conserving issues. This paper presents a comprehensive survey on energy conserving issues and solutions in using diverse wireless radio access technologies for IoT connectivity, e.g., the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) machine type communications, IEEE 802.11ah, Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), and Z-Wave. We look into the literature in broad areas of standardization, academic research, and industry development, and structurally summarize the energy conserving solutions based on several technical criteria. We also propose future research directions regarding energy conserving issues in wireless networking-based IoT. PMID:26404275

  10. Mutual Authentication Scheme in Secure Internet of Things Technology for Comfortable Lifestyle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Namje; Kang, Namhi

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT), which can be regarded as an enhanced version of machine-to-machine communication technology, was proposed to realize intelligent thing-to-thing communications by utilizing the Internet connectivity. In the IoT, "things" are generally heterogeneous and resource constrained. In addition, such things are connected to each other over low-power and lossy networks. In this paper, we propose an inter-device authentication and session-key distribution system for devices with only encryption modules. In the proposed system, unlike existing sensor-network environments where the key distribution center distributes the key, each sensor node is involved with the generation of session keys. In addition, in the proposed scheme, the performance is improved so that the authenticated device can calculate the session key in advance. The proposed mutual authentication and session-key distribution system can withstand replay attacks, man-in-the-middle attacks, and wiretapped secret-key attacks. PMID:26712759

  11. The Design of Vibration Sensing System Used for the Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Wei; Ma, Xuejie

    2016-06-01

    A vibration sensing system used for the Internet of Things is presented in this paper. Using the distributed feedback fiber lasers (DFB-FL) collects external sound signals and digital phase generated carrier (PGC) method realizes wavelength demodulation. The platform is designed based on an open architecture and B/S (Browser/Server) technology which makes it an ideal platform to be operated under a network environment. The sensing system is no power supply and could be monitored anytime and anywhere which is the requirement of Internet of things.

  12. Design and Realization of Smart Home System based on Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Yuanheng Jiang; Mingyi Mao; Congmin Yu

    2013-01-01

    Currently, the internet of things is the hotspot in China's leading information technology research and the Smart Home is an important embodiment in the internet of things of the real life. The smart home is based on B/S structure and its bottom adopts nRF24l01 chip in 2.4~2.5 G Hz ISM band wireless communication technology to collect and control home furnishing information and state. By using MySQL to devise and achieve the database and it recording device state information and the WEB...

  13. A fast density-based clustering algorithm for real-time Internet of Things stream.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amini, Amineh; Saboohi, Hadi; Wah, Teh Ying; Herawan, Tutut

    2014-01-01

    Data streams are continuously generated over time from Internet of Things (IoT) devices. The faster all of this data is analyzed, its hidden trends and patterns discovered, and new strategies created, the faster action can be taken, creating greater value for organizations. Density-based method is a prominent class in clustering data streams. It has the ability to detect arbitrary shape clusters, to handle outlier, and it does not need the number of clusters in advance. Therefore, density-based clustering algorithm is a proper choice for clustering IoT streams. Recently, several density-based algorithms have been proposed for clustering data streams. However, density-based clustering in limited time is still a challenging issue. In this paper, we propose a density-based clustering algorithm for IoT streams. The method has fast processing time to be applicable in real-time application of IoT devices. Experimental results show that the proposed approach obtains high quality results with low computation time on real and synthetic datasets. PMID:25110753

  14. A Fast Density-Based Clustering Algorithm for Real-Time Internet of Things Stream

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amineh Amini

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Data streams are continuously generated over time from Internet of Things (IoT devices. The faster all of this data is analyzed, its hidden trends and patterns discovered, and new strategies created, the faster action can be taken, creating greater value for organizations. Density-based method is a prominent class in clustering data streams. It has the ability to detect arbitrary shape clusters, to handle outlier, and it does not need the number of clusters in advance. Therefore, density-based clustering algorithm is a proper choice for clustering IoT streams. Recently, several density-based algorithms have been proposed for clustering data streams. However, density-based clustering in limited time is still a challenging issue. In this paper, we propose a density-based clustering algorithm for IoT streams. The method has fast processing time to be applicable in real-time application of IoT devices. Experimental results show that the proposed approach obtains high quality results with low computation time on real and synthetic datasets.

  15. Diverse living arrangements of children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    In the United States, over the past few decades, the prominence of the traditional two-parent family has gradually faded, with its place usually being taken by homes headed by a mother. Relatively few children are raised by single fathers. The pattern of this ongoing development varies considerably by major racial groups as well as by age of child. Current living arrangements for children by three classes of age, race and presence of parents were analyzed by four parental characteristics--age, educational attainment, labor force participation and existence of other siblings. Racial similarities and differences--some significant--are noted. For example, among white children, 36 percent of those under age six had a parent under age 30. Among black children, the proportion was 57 percent and among Hispanics, 46 percent. In all groups, educational attainment was higher in families with two parents. Parents' educational levels were parallel with their employment rates. PMID:8211668

  16. Things, stuffs, and coincidence. A non-ontological point of view

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikos Psarros

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article the problem of the so-called 'coinciding objects', i.e. the question whether a substantially homogeneous thing is something ontologically different from the corresponding 'piece of stuff' it is made of or not, is examined from a pragmatical and language-analytical point of view. Instead of recurring to ontological assertions, I propose to regard 'stuffs' or 'substances' as a mode of speaking about things that fulfil the condition of being homogeneous in respect to a certain kind of properties that are called substantial properties. The coincidence problem is resolved by demonstrating that terms for substantially homogeneous things and the corresponding 'pieces of stuff' are predicative expressions in an Aristotelian genus-species relationship.

  17. Research Hotspot and Trend Analysis of English Term "Internet of Things"%英文"Internet of Things"研究热点与趋势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾利; 李自力

    2015-01-01

    物联网实现物与物、人与物的互联,具有十分广阔的市场和应用前景.运用信息计量学、自研软件和以Citespace为代表的知识图谱工具相结合的方法对1987至2014年英文"Internet of Things"SCI文献的基本情况和研究热点与趋势进行了初步分析与可视化展现.通过对数据的处理和分析得出了英文"Internet of Things"SCI 文献的期刊、国家、机构、学科、作者、高被引用文献等基本情况,并利用关键词共现、突现词检测等方法对英文"Internet of Things"研究的热点和未来的研究趋势进行了初步预测.研究表明,运用知识图谱工具分析物联网研究点与趋势,是一种有意义的手段.

  18. An Internet of Things Example: Classrooms Access Control over Near Field Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Palma

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The Internet of Things is one of the ideas that has become increasingly relevant in recent years. It involves connecting things to the Internet in order to retrieve information from them at any time and from anywhere. In the Internet of Things, sensor networks that exchange information wirelessly via Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Zigbee or RF are common. In this sense, our paper presents a way in which each classroom control is accessed through Near Field Communication (NFC and the information is shared via radio frequency. These data are published on the Web and could easily be used for building applications from the data collected. As a result, our application collects information from the classroom to create a control classroom tool that displays access to and the status of all the classrooms graphically and also connects this data with social networks.

  19. An internet of things example: classrooms access control over near field communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palma, Daniel; Agudo, Juan Enrique; Sánchez, Héctor; Macías, Miguel Macías

    2014-01-01

    The Internet of Things is one of the ideas that has become increasingly relevant in recent years. It involves connecting things to the Internet in order to retrieve information from them at any time and from anywhere. In the Internet of Things, sensor networks that exchange information wirelessly via Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Zigbee or RF are common. In this sense, our paper presents a way in which each classroom control is accessed through Near Field Communication (NFC) and the information is shared via radio frequency. These data are published on the Web and could easily be used for building applications from the data collected. As a result, our application collects information from the classroom to create a control classroom tool that displays access to and the status of all the classrooms graphically and also connects this data with social networks. PMID:24755520

  20. A Primer on 3GPP Narrowband Internet of Things (NB-IoT)

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Y. -P. Eric; Lin, Xingqin; Adhikary, Ansuman; Grövlen, Asbjörn; Sui, Yutao; Blankenship, Yufei; Bergman, Johan; Razaghi, Hazhir S.

    2016-01-01

    Narrowband Internet of Things (NB-IoT) is a new cellular technology introduced in 3GPP Release 13 for providing wide-area coverage for the Internet of Things (IoT). This article provides an overview of the air interface of NB-IoT. We describe how NB-IoT addresses key IoT requirements such as deployment flexibility, low device complexity, long battery life time, support of massive number of devices in a cell, and significant coverage extension beyond existing cellular technologies. We also sha...

  1. Internet of Things (IoT) Service Architecture and its Application in E-Commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaopu Shang; Runtong Zhang; Ying Chen

    2012-01-01

    Internet of Things (IoT) is considered as the developing tendency of network technology, generally it refers to the networked interconnection of different kinds of things (objects). Compared with the Internet, IoT provides a wider platform to share more information. In this situation, the information service in IoT is necessary to organize the process of getting and sharing information for the IoT user. This paper considers that IoT service should have active, personalized, and intelligent fe...

  2. 从互联网到物联网%From Internet to Internet of Things

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邬贺铨

    2011-01-01

    Combining with the review of development history tween Internet and the Internet of Things. It also analyses the of the Internet, this paper discusses the relationship beprominent features, technologies, and application areas of the Internet of Things.%结合对互联网发展历程的回顾,本文阐述物联网与互联网的联系,分析物联网的主要特点、技术和应用领域。

  3. The Internet of Things, Legal Aspects: What Will Change (Everything)…

    OpenAIRE

    Barbry, Eric

    2012-01-01

    After the birth of the Internet, the rise of Web 2.0, here comes the Internet of Things. Internet has led us to adopt special law, digital economy law…Web 2.0 has urged us to rethink core legal concepts such as liability and ownership and introduce notions such as sharing and availability. The Internet of Things – which no one doubts will be the next technological revolution – will be a legal tsunami, the intensity and magnitude of which are unknown to date.

  4. Development of Field Information Monitoring System Based on the Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Ken; Liang, Xiaoying; Wang, Keqiang

    With the rapid development and wide application of electronics, communication and embedded system technologies, the global agriculture is changing from traditional agriculture that is to improve the production relying on the increase of labor, agricultural inputs to the new stage of modern agriculture with low yields, high efficiency, real-time and accuracy. On the other hand the research and development of the Internet of Things, which is an information network to connect objects, with the full capacity to perceive objects, and having the capabilities of reliable transmission and intelligence processing for information, allows us to obtain real-time information of anything. The application of the Internet of Things in field information online monitoring is an effective solution for present wired sensor monitoring system, which has much more disadvantages, such as high cost, the problems of laying lines and so on. In this paper, a novel field information monitoring system based on the Internet of Things is proposed. It can satisfy the requirements of multi-point measurement, mobility, convenience in the field information monitoring process. The whole structure of system is given and the key designs of system design are described in the hardware and software aspect. The studies have expanded current field information measurement methods and strengthen the application of the Internet of Things.

  5. Research on Spectrum Allocation Based on the Network Weights of Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hean Liu

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available To solve the shortage defects of wireless spectrum source of Internet of things, an idle spectrum resources and immune sorting selection method based on the subjective and objective weight is proposed by using cognitive radio network technology. Firstly, the radio cognitive idle spectrum system is relied on to make the spectrum system modeling of Internet of things for the generation of objective and subjective weight perception, graph coloring of allocation of Internet of things and rectangular arrays; Then, the immune weight solving process is optimized and the weight setting rationality is improved; And idle spectrum performance of the spectrum resources is analyzed again, and it has the stability; Lastly, MATLAB is used to make simulation experiment. The result shows: the algorithm can not only make effective allocation to spectrum resources, greatly improving the spectrum utilization, but also meet radio transmission demand of Internet of things with high network throughput capacity and improve the transmission rate of Internet node with the stability.

  6. Internet of Things (IoT Applicability in a Metropolitan City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. D Mohammed

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Internet of Things (IoTis defined here as a network of interconnected objects. These objects can include several technological systems. This paper examines the wireless communication systems and IoT sensors. IoT is technically feasible today, allowing people and things to be connected anytime, anyplace, with anything and anyone. IoT privacy is a concern but security solutions exist today to solve these issues. A proposal is made to use secure IoT solutions in supporting the metropolitan needs in San Antonio, Texas.

  7. Internet of Things (IoT) Applicability in a Metropolitan City

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. D Mohammed

    2015-01-01

    Internet of Things (IoT)is defined here as a network of interconnected objects. These objects can include several technological systems. This paper examines the wireless communication systems and IoT sensors. IoT is technically feasible today, allowing people and things to be connected anytime, anyplace, with anything and anyone. IoT privacy is a concern but security solutions exist today to solve these issues. A proposal is made to use secure IoT solutions in supporting the metropolitan need...

  8. The Class of '34

    OpenAIRE

    Cairney, Richard

    1995-01-01

    The Great Depression raged, governments were beleaguered, the unemployment rate stood at 30%, scurvy stalked the poor and no one was immune to contagious diseases such as scarlet fever, polio and measles when the University of Alberta School of Medicine's Class of '34 graduated. For four alumni who recently gathered in Edmonton—Drs. Morley Hodgson, Melvin Gaudin, John McLurg and Edmund Cairns—their 60th-anniversary reunion was a time to recall the changes they have witnessed in medicine, incl...

  9. Impact of internet of things and cloud computing to smart grid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristinel Costea

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The grid of most countries is set up to be centrally controlled, but in last decade more researches explores solutions to gradual reorganization the power system to resemble the Internet. In this paper we discuss about emergent technologies for smart grids deployment with the focus on middleware for Internet of Things in the Cloud.

  10. Impact of internet of things and cloud computing to smart grid

    OpenAIRE

    Cristinel Costea

    2013-01-01

    The grid of most countries is set up to be centrally controlled, but in last decade more researches explores solutions to gradual reorganization the power system to resemble the Internet. In this paper we discuss about emergent technologies for smart grids deployment with the focus on middleware for Internet of Things in the Cloud.

  11. What is the Best Use of Class Time? Exploring the Issues of the Flipped Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rundquist, Andy

    2012-02-01

    To me, class time is precious. It is that time when students have nearly unlimited access to me as a resource. In this workshop we'll discuss what we ask students to do in- and out-of-class. We'll explore ways to take some traditional in-class things (like lecture, question formation, online demos) and place them outside of class without losing their value, while making room for homework, brainstorming, and making connections inside of class. There's a lot of buzz online these days about the ``flipped classroom'' and we'll try to make sense of as much as we can.

  12. Research on the application of the internet of things in reverse logistics information management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuexia Gu

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Combined the current situation with the development trend of reverse logistics, the article focus on the research of Internet of Things application in the reverse logistics information management, starts with the study of reverse logistics information system, and describes the system structure and system process in applying Internet of Things in reverse logistics information management, finally brings forward the constraints like management and economic ones in applying the technology to the system. Research methods: By analyzing the current situation of reverse logistics information system, utilizing literature research methods to put forward characters of reverse logistics information system, and expanding the previous studies on Internet information transmission, we gradually establish the reverse logistics management information system on the basis of the application of Internet of Things. Research Results: Through applying the Internet of Things in the reverse logistics system, we can build a complete close-loop logistics system by linking both extreme ends of positive and negative logistics. Besides, the system will be engaged in data mining in backflow prediction data and re-processing data at regular and irregular intervals. Moreover, advice will be provided to design, purchase, manufacturing and customer service departments for their reference so as to promote respective business. Research Application and Limits: This paper focuses on how the enterprise should apply the Internet of Things technology in reverse logistics, and how to build this system in detail and what the flow planning is made. This thesis is only limited to the analysis of constraints impeding the development of the reverse logistics MIS, including management constraints, economic constraints, hardware technology, data security and rights management constraints. Detailed solutions to address these problems will be put forward in the further research.

  13. Vibrant architecture material realm as a codesigner of living spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Armstrong, Rachel

    2015-01-01

    This book sets out the conditions in which the need for a new approach to the production of architecture in the twenty-first century is established, where our homes and cities are facing increasing pressures from environmental challenges that are compromising our well being and our lives. Vibrant architecture embodies a new kind of architectural design practice that explores how lively materials, or ‘vibrant matter’ may be incorporated into our buildings to confer on them some of the properties of living things such as, movement, growth, sensitivity and self-repair. My research examines the theoretical and practical implications of how this may occur through the application of a new group of materials in the production of our living spaces, collectively referred to as ‘vibrant matter’.

  14. Temperature - Live Hauling of Fish

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In certain markets, live fish can be sold for substantially higher prices than fresh dressed fish. A significant live-haul industry has developed in the U.S. and...

  15. KLA - Live Hauling of Fish

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In certain markets, live fish can be sold for substantially higher prices than fresh dressed fish. A significant live-haul industry has developed in the U.S. and...

  16. Security Issues and Challenges in Internet of Things – A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilima Jain

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The Internet of Things (IoT alludes to the continually developing system of physical articles that component an IP address for web availability, and the correspondence that happens between these items and other Web empowered gadgets and frameworks. The security issues of the Internet of Things (IoT are straight forwardly identified with the wide utilization of its framework. IoT securities and enhancing the design and several elements of this work showcases various security issues with respect to IoT and thinks of solutions for the issues under the advancements included. Here we are going to do a study of all the security issues existing in the Internet of Things (IoT alongside an examination of the protection issues that an end-client might confront as an outcome of the spread of IoT. Most of the overview is centred around the security emerging out of the data trade innovations utilized as a part of Internet of Things. As a piece of IoTs, genuine concerns are raised over access of individual data relating to gadget and individual protection. This review tells about the security and protection issues of IoT

  17. Sensor Mania! The Internet of Things, Wearable Computing, Objective Metrics, and the Quantified Self 2.0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melanie Swan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The number of devices on the Internet exceeded the number of people on the Internet in 2008, and is estimated to reach 50 billion in 2020. A wide-ranging Internet of Things (IOT ecosystem is emerging to support the process of connecting real-world objects like buildings, roads, household appliances, and human bodies to the Internet via sensors and microprocessor chips that record and transmit data such as sound waves, temperature, movement, and other variables. The explosion in Internet-connected sensors means that new classes of technical capability and application are being created. More granular 24/7 quantified monitoring is leading to a deeper understanding of the internal and external worlds encountered by humans. New data literacy behaviors such as correlation assessment, anomaly detection, and high-frequency data processing are developing as humans adapt to the different kinds of data flows enabled by the IOT. The IOT ecosystem has four critical functional steps: data creation, information generation, meaning-making, and action-taking. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the current and rapidly emerging ecosystem of the Internet of Things (IOT.

  18. Security Considerations around End-to-End Security in the IP-based Internet of Things

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brachmann, M.; Garcia-Mochon, O.; Keoh, S.L.; Kumar, S.S.

    2012-01-01

    The IP-based Internet of Things refers to the interconnection of smart objects in a Low-power and Lossy Network (LLN) with the Internetby means of protocols such as 6LoWPAN or CoAP. The provisioning of an end-to-end security connection is the key to ensure basic functionalities such as software upda

  19. Search Techniques for the Web of Things: A Taxonomy and Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Yuchao; De, Suparna; Wang, Wei; Moessner, Klaus

    2016-01-01

    The Web of Things aims to make physical world objects and their data accessible through standard Web technologies to enable intelligent applications and sophisticated data analytics. Due to the amount and heterogeneity of the data, it is challenging to perform data analysis directly; especially when the data is captured from a large number of distributed sources. However, the size and scope of the data can be reduced and narrowed down with search techniques, so that only the most relevant and useful data items are selected according to the application requirements. Search is fundamental to the Web of Things while challenging by nature in this context, e.g., mobility of the objects, opportunistic presence and sensing, continuous data streams with changing spatial and temporal properties, efficient indexing for historical and real time data. The research community has developed numerous techniques and methods to tackle these problems as reported by a large body of literature in the last few years. A comprehensive investigation of the current and past studies is necessary to gain a clear view of the research landscape and to identify promising future directions. This survey reviews the state-of-the-art search methods for the Web of Things, which are classified according to three different viewpoints: basic principles, data/knowledge representation, and contents being searched. Experiences and lessons learned from the existing work and some EU research projects related to Web of Things are discussed, and an outlook to the future research is presented. PMID:27128918

  20. Search Techniques for the Web of Things: A Taxonomy and Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuchao Zhou

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The Web of Things aims to make physical world objects and their data accessible through standard Web technologies to enable intelligent applications and sophisticated data analytics. Due to the amount and heterogeneity of the data, it is challenging to perform data analysis directly; especially when the data is captured from a large number of distributed sources. However, the size and scope of the data can be reduced and narrowed down with search techniques, so that only the most relevant and useful data items are selected according to the application requirements. Search is fundamental to the Web of Things while challenging by nature in this context, e.g., mobility of the objects, opportunistic presence and sensing, continuous data streams with changing spatial and temporal properties, efficient indexing for historical and real time data. The research community has developed numerous techniques and methods to tackle these problems as reported by a large body of literature in the last few years. A comprehensive investigation of the current and past studies is necessary to gain a clear view of the research landscape and to identify promising future directions. This survey reviews the state-of-the-art search methods for the Web of Things, which are classified according to three different viewpoints: basic principles, data/knowledge representation, and contents being searched. Experiences and lessons learned from the existing work and some EU research projects related to Web of Things are discussed, and an outlook to the future research is presented.

  1. Search Techniques for the Web of Things: A Taxonomy and Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Yuchao; De, Suparna; Wang, Wei; Moessner, Klaus

    2016-01-01

    The Web of Things aims to make physical world objects and their data accessible through standard Web technologies to enable intelligent applications and sophisticated data analytics. Due to the amount and heterogeneity of the data, it is challenging to perform data analysis directly; especially when the data is captured from a large number of distributed sources. However, the size and scope of the data can be reduced and narrowed down with search techniques, so that only the most relevant and useful data items are selected according to the application requirements. Search is fundamental to the Web of Things while challenging by nature in this context, e.g., mobility of the objects, opportunistic presence and sensing, continuous data streams with changing spatial and temporal properties, efficient indexing for historical and real time data. The research community has developed numerous techniques and methods to tackle these problems as reported by a large body of literature in the last few years. A comprehensive investigation of the current and past studies is necessary to gain a clear view of the research landscape and to identify promising future directions. This survey reviews the state-of-the-art search methods for the Web of Things, which are classified according to three different viewpoints: basic principles, data/knowledge representation, and contents being searched. Experiences and lessons learned from the existing work and some EU research projects related to Web of Things are discussed, and an outlook to the future research is presented. PMID:27128918

  2. Machine Perception for Identification and Interaction in the Internet of Things

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tan, Zheng-Hua

    2010-01-01

    The most significant step from the Internet towards the Internet of Things (IoT) is to embrace a vast amount of objects in the global system. This first presents a nontrivial challenge to identification due to the limited applicability of Internet Protocol (IP) to these objects. They are therefore...

  3. Between Economic and Legal Analysis of Incorporated Things: a Critical "NO" to Aedilitian Remedies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CG Kilian

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the dictum of the Phame v Paizes 1973 3 397 (A within economic and legal principles to determine whether incorporeal things could possess characteristics of value or quality characteristics as in the case of corporeal things. The author uses practical economic examples to argue for the development of common law. The author identifies relevant Roman law principles which justify the legal nature of incorporeal things. It is demonstrated that the value of incorporeal things depends greatly on future circumstances. It is argued in this article that the courts’ willingness to extend the Aedilitian remedies and the wide interpretation of a dictum et promissum create an open door for any unsatisfied buyer with no entrepreneurial skills to claim a reduced price if the business is unable to achieve similar financial results to those prior to the conclusion of the contract. Currently the seller of a business has no clear or enforceable defense under these circumstances. The author subsequently suggests that relevant Roman law principles should be revisited in the aim to develop an appropriate defense for the seller.

  4. Special issue on RFID: Towards ubiquitous computing and the Web of Things: Guest editors' introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bendavid, Y.; Fosso Wamba, S.; Barjis, J.

    2013-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is emerging as the next technological revolution and with it opens up a new research field. In particular, this new field needs to be studied in conjunction with adequate theories, design principles, and user acceptance. As such, a number of technologies become relevant

  5. Threshold Cryptography-based Group Authentication (TCGA) Scheme for the Internet of Things (IoT)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mahalle, Parikshit N.; Prasad, Neeli R.; Prasad, Ramjee

    2014-01-01

    Internet of things (IoT) is an emerging paradigm where the devices around us (persistent and non-persistent) are connected to each other to provide seamless communication, and contextual services. In the IoT, each device cannot be authenticated in the short time due to unbounded number of devices...

  6. Giving form to computational things: developing a practice of interaction design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vallgårda, Anna K. A.

    2014-01-01

    The computer is no longer the center of attention. Thus, what we design is no longer the interface to the computer. Rather, what we design is a thing or an environment in which a computer might be used to create certain desired effects. Indeed, interaction design in a sense becomes the practice of...

  7. Internet of Things and Its Development%物联网的概念及发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建周

    2011-01-01

    物联网一经提出就受到了科研人员、政府和大众的广泛关注。有关物联网的探讨和研究工作也已取得了长足的进展。然而,对于物联网的定义、内涵及其随着科技发展而产生的深远影响却值得深入探讨。文章旨在通过对物联网概念及其演进过程的分析,来引起人们对于物联网发展的关注,进而推动物联网更好地应用,为创造智慧城市提供动力。%The Internet of Things became popular soon after it was introduced, and the progress has been made regarding the discussion and research of the Internet of Things. However, it is worthwhile to explore the definition of the Internet of Things and its development in recent years. This paper aims to analyze the Internet of Things and its development, hoping to draw people's attention on this popular next-generation technology and provide power to the development of the smart city.

  8. Mutual Authentication Scheme in Secure Internet of Things Technology for Comfortable Lifestyle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Namje; Kang, Namhi

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT), which can be regarded as an enhanced version of machine-to-machine communication technology, was proposed to realize intelligent thing-to-thing communications by utilizing the Internet connectivity. In the IoT, “things” are generally heterogeneous and resource constrained. In addition, such things are connected to each other over low-power and lossy networks. In this paper, we propose an inter-device authentication and session-key distribution system for devices with only encryption modules. In the proposed system, unlike existing sensor-network environments where the key distribution center distributes the key, each sensor node is involved with the generation of session keys. In addition, in the proposed scheme, the performance is improved so that the authenticated device can calculate the session key in advance. The proposed mutual authentication and session-key distribution system can withstand replay attacks, man-in-the-middle attacks, and wiretapped secret-key attacks. PMID:26712759

  9. [The management of implantable medical device and the application of the internet of things in hospitals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Li; Xu, Liang

    2011-11-01

    Implantable medical device is a special product which belongs to medical devices. It not only possesses product characteristics in common, but also has specificity for safety and effectiveness. Implantable medical device must be managed by the relevant laws and regulations of the State Food and Drug Administration. In this paper, we have used cardiac pacemakers as an example to describe the significance of the management of implantable medical device products and the application of the internet of things in hospitals. PMID:22379772

  10. Raradox of class description

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕光

    2004-01-01

    We have a more active class atmophere, but more passive self-study situations. We are too talktive when we should bury ourselves in books, but too less efficient when we spend too much time. We complain teachers

  11. Living on the Edge: Rethinking Poverty, Class and Schooling. Adolescent Cultures, School and Society. Volume 61

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smyth, John; Wrigley, Terry

    2013-01-01

    This book confronts one of the most enduring and controversial issues in education--the nexus between poverty and underachievement. The topic has become a key contemporary battleground in the struggle to raise standards. "Living on the Edge" maps and compares a number of competing explanations, critiques inadequate and deficit accounts,…

  12. Energy - quality of living

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to develop the new potentials in life - short working hours, ample leisure time, high quantity of production - logically a tremendous multiplication of labour productivity is necessary. It was the 'industrial revolution' which created our present world by blending the powers of the mind with the powers of nature. Without the current means of energy release our mode of life is unthinkable. The Conservation Commission of the World Energy Conference comes to the conclusion that under the premisses of a doupling of the world population by the year 2020 the demand for primary energy will increase 3.6 fold to 34 billion SKE (units of mineral coal). The outlook on world energy supply shows that even providing for all means of energy saving and application of alternative sources of energy the energy demand can not be satisfied without nuclear power. Without sufficient supply of energy securing a living of a certain quality for the increasing world population is not possible. Every progress, however, has its dangers. There is no technology without risk. (orig.)

  13. Method of Information Security Risk Assessment Based on Cloud Neural Network for the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaoli Dong

    2015-01-01

    Aiming at the randomness and fuzziness of information security risk assessment factors of Internet of Things, cloud neural network information security risk assessment model was proposed, based on combination of cloud model and neural network and dynamic fusion of heterogeneous security factors. Focus on the research of normal cloud neural network evaluation method and judgment of global and multivalued dependencies characteristics between safety evaluation indicators and risk levels...

  14. Visual feature extraction and establishment of visual tags in the intelligent visual internet of things

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yiqun; Wang, Zhihui

    2015-12-01

    The Internet of things (IOT) is a kind of intelligent networks which can be used to locate, track, identify and supervise people and objects. One of important core technologies of intelligent visual internet of things ( IVIOT) is the intelligent visual tag system. In this paper, a research is done into visual feature extraction and establishment of visual tags of the human face based on ORL face database. Firstly, we use the principal component analysis (PCA) algorithm for face feature extraction, then adopt the support vector machine (SVM) for classifying and face recognition, finally establish a visual tag for face which is already classified. We conducted a experiment focused on a group of people face images, the result show that the proposed algorithm have good performance, and can show the visual tag of objects conveniently.

  15. Adoption of cloud based Internet of Things in India: A multiple theory perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Mital, Monika; Chang, Victor; Choudhary, Praveen; Pani, Ashis; Sun, Zhili

    2016-01-01

    Smart homes, smart communities, and other applications based on the Internet of Things (IOT) and cloud based services technology are in the evolutionary phase in India. Our research is the first attempt to explore cloud based IOT in India. There is a dearth of exploratory studies that explain the adoption of cloud based IOT from a multiple theory perspective: Technology Acceptance Model, Theory of Reasoned Action and Theory of Planned Behavior. So, the main contribution of our research is to ...

  16. Research on the Optimization of Agricultural Supply Chain Based on Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Guangsheng

    2013-01-01

    International audience Technology of IOT which used in agricultural supply chain can help to improve operational efficiency and reduce supply chain costs. This paper analyzes the basic structure of agricultural supply chain, current status of the research, and summarizes major obstacles of the development process. The paper also describes application of IOT principle, as well as agricultural supply chain optimization approach based on internet of things, including agricultural production, ...

  17. The monitoring and managing application of cloud computing based on Internet of Things.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Shiliang; Ren, Bin

    2016-07-01

    Cloud computing and the Internet of Things are the two hot points in the Internet application field. The application of the two new technologies is in hot discussion and research, but quite less on the field of medical monitoring and managing application. Thus, in this paper, we study and analyze the application of cloud computing and the Internet of Things on the medical field. And we manage to make a combination of the two techniques in the medical monitoring and managing field. The model architecture for remote monitoring cloud platform of healthcare information (RMCPHI) was established firstly. Then the RMCPHI architecture was analyzed. Finally an efficient PSOSAA algorithm was proposed for the medical monitoring and managing application of cloud computing. Simulation results showed that our proposed scheme can improve the efficiency about 50%. PMID:27208530

  18. Internet of Things: A Review of Surveys Based on Context Aware Intelligent Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil, David; Ferrández, Antonio; Mora-Mora, Higinio; Peral, Jesús

    2016-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) has made it possible for devices around the world to acquire information and store it, in order to be able to use it at a later stage. However, this potential opportunity is often not exploited because of the excessively big interval between the data collection and the capability to process and analyse it. In this paper, we review the current IoT technologies, approaches and models in order to discover what challenges need to be met to make more sense of data. The main goal of this paper is to review the surveys related to IoT in order to provide well integrated and context aware intelligent services for IoT. Moreover, we present a state-of-the-art of IoT from the context aware perspective that allows the integration of IoT and social networks in the emerging Social Internet of Things (SIoT) term. PMID:27409623

  19. Intelligent Traffic Information System Based on Integration of Internet of Things and Agent Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Hasan Omar Al-Sakran

    2015-01-01

    In recent years popularity of private cars is getting urban traffic more and more crowded. As result traffic is becoming one of important problems in big cities in all over the world. Some of the traffic concerns are congestions and accidents which have caused a huge waste of time, property damage and environmental pollution. This research paper presents a novel intelligent traffic administration system, based on Internet of Things, which is featured by low cost, high scalability, high compat...

  20. Information Collection System of Crop Growth Environment Based on the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Hua; Zhang, Guangyu; Lu, Ningbo

    2013-01-01

    Based on the technology of Internet of things, for the issues of large amount data acquisition and difficult real time transport in the data acquisition of crop growth environment, this paper designs one information collection system for crop growth environment. Utilizing the range free location mechanism which defines the node position and GEAR routing mechanism give solutions to the problems of node location, routing protocol applications and so on. This system can realize accurate and auto...

  1. A REVIEW OF CYBER-CRIME IN INTERNET OF THINGS: TECHNOLOGIES, INVESTIGATION METHODS AND DIGITAL FORENSICS

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. Algimantas Venčkauskas; Dr. Robertas Damaševičius,

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is a novel design paradigm, which allows communication among different kinds of physical objects over the common Internet infrastructure. Operations and application models of the IoT, which differ from the traditional networks, have brought great challenges and opportunities to digital forensic technology. In this paper we analyse the state of cybercrime in the IoT, current methods and tools of digital forensics readiness and investigation and possibil...

  2. Architecture Design of Food Supply Chain Traceability System based on Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Yanfei Liu; Weipin Peng

    2013-01-01

    This article analyzes the sources of food traceability and a few basic elements of the food traceability, designs and architects the food supply chain traceability system based on Internet of things. The system structure is composed of perception layer, transport layer and application layer. System is architected from the user interface presentation layer (USL), Business Logic Layer (BLL), Data Access Layer (DAL). The transport layer adopts savant middleware ...

  3. SOA-based Integration of the Internet of Things in Enterprise Services

    OpenAIRE

    Spiess, Patrik; Karnouskos, Stamatis; Guinard, Dominique; Savio, Domnic; Baecker, Oliver; Moreira Sá de Souza, Luciana; Trifa, Vlad

    2009-01-01

    Advances in the areas of embedded systems, computing, and networking are leading to an infrastructure composed of millions of heterogeneous devices. These devices will not simply convey information but process it in transit, connect peer to peer, and form advanced collaborations. This "Internet of Things" infrastructure will be strongly integrated with the environment, and its integration with the enterprise systems will not only further blur the line between business ...

  4. A cognitive management framework to support exploitation of the future internet of things

    OpenAIRE

    Baldini, Gianmarco; VENCATESHA PRASAD Ranga Rao; Biswas, Abdur Rahim; Moessner, Klaus; ETELAPERA Matti; Soininen, Juha-Pekka; NECHIFOR Septimiu; Stavroulaki, Vera; Vlacheas, Panagiotis

    2012-01-01

    In this article, a cognitive management framework is proposed for ensuring exploitation of the Future Internet of Things (FIoT). Cognitive systems offer self-x and learning. A cognitive system has the ability to dynamically select its behavior through self-management/awareness functionality, taking into account information and knowledge on the context of the operations as well as policies and including the generation of the context itself. The framework is based on the principle that any real...

  5. A Performance Evaluation of Container Technologies on Internet of Things Devices

    OpenAIRE

    Morabito, Roberto

    2016-01-01

    The use of virtualization technologies in different contexts - such as Cloud Environments, Internet of Things (IoT), Software Defined Networking (SDN) - has rapidly increased during the last years. Among these technologies, container-based solutions own characteristics for deploying distributed and lightweight applications. This paper presents a performance evaluation of container technologies on constrained devices, in this case, on Raspberry Pi. The study shows that, overall, the overhead a...

  6. Critical Privacy Factors of Internet of Things Services : An Empirical Investigation with Domain Experts

    OpenAIRE

    Kowatsch, Tobias; Maass, Wolfgang

    2012-01-01

    Internet of Things (IOT) services - namely sensor-based IS services facilitated by identification technologies such as barcode, radio frequency or global satellite communication - provide new security and privacy challenges in private and business situations of everyday people. Accordingly, the relevance of privacy and security has been addressed in prior IS research and, as a result, design methodologies, guidelines and policies have been discussed and proposed. However, no empirical instrum...

  7. The Role of Networking Standards in Building the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Webb, William

    2012-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) promises widespread connection of sensors and devices such that smart cities, connected transport and other similar visions can be realised. However, to realise this a new wireless technology is required that is optimised for this particular application, providing very low cost, extremely long battery life and excellent coverage. This wireless technology needs to be an open global standard in order to foster a vibrant eco-system of key players. This paper discusse...

  8. Research of Intelligent Transportation System Based on the Internet of Things Frame

    OpenAIRE

    Hui Qi; Yuqi Wang

    2012-01-01

    According to city public transit problem characteristic, the main body of a paper has been submitted and has worked out one kind of based on the Internet of things frame Intelligent transportation system. That system collects data by vehicle terminal and uploads data to the server through the network and makes data visible to the consumer passing an algorithm in the server. One aspect, the consumer may inquire about public transit vehicle information by Web. On another aspect, the consumer ca...

  9. Futures business models of an Internet of Things (IoT) enabled healthcare sector

    OpenAIRE

    Francis Gomes, J. (Julius)

    2015-01-01

    This research is a qualitative case study analyzing probable business models for the future Internet of Things (IoT) enabled healthcare sector. To look at the future, this study utilizes the prominent futures research method, Causal Layered Analysis (CLA). This study combines business model and CLA to test the applicability of business model as a potential futures business research tool. In doing so, this study chose to understand the futures of a tech aided social context; the IoT enabled he...

  10. A Taxonomy of Attacks in RPL-based Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Mayzaud, Anthéa; Badonnel, Rémi; Chrisment, Isabelle

    2016-01-01

    The growing interest for the Internet of Things is contributing to the large-scale deployment of Low power and Lossy Networks (LLN). These networks support communications amongst objects from the real world, such as home automation devices and embedded sensors, and their interconnection to the Internet. An open standard routing protocol, called RPL, has been specified by the IETF in order to address the specific properties and constraints of these networks. However, this protocol is exposed t...

  11. THE WORKING CLASS, THE EMERGENCE OF THE CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS AND EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulino José Orso

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the class society, the emergence of the working class, its recognition as such and the education. Starts with a brief discussion of the positivist and materialist conceptions of society and historical dialectics, following, discusses the tests made by the working class in its long history to win his consciousness to another. If, from ancient times we live in a class society, this period is not the consciousness of belonging to a class of workers and much less for an action based on and consistent with this membership. This achievement goes through several times and struggles, whether against the nobility and aristocracy or against the bourgeoisie, who rub shoulders with many struggles to overthrow the forces of the Old Regime. However, these struggles the working class was also realizing that if the bourgeoisie, at various times, was interested in making alliances incidental to the conquest of power, definitely had no interest in sharing it. Thus, in the successive struggles and betrayals of the bourgeoisie, the working class was learning not only not believe in the promises and illusions of his former "comrades", but also claim the right to give the direction of their lives and "their destination".

  12. Market Model and Optimal Pricing Scheme of Big Data and Internet of Things (IoT)

    OpenAIRE

    Niyato, Dusit; Alsheikh, Mohammad Abu; Wang, Ping; Kim, Dong In; Han, Zhu

    2016-01-01

    Big data has been emerging as a new approach in utilizing large datasets to optimize complex system operations. Big data is fueled with Internet-of-Things (IoT) services that generate immense sensory data from numerous sensors and devices. While most current research focus of big data is on machine learning and resource management design, the economic modeling and analysis have been largely overlooked. This paper thus investigates the big data market model and optimal pricing scheme. We first...

  13. Virtualisation of floricultural supply chains: A review from an Internet of Things perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Verdouw, C.N.; Beulens, A.J.M.; Vorst, van der, J.G.A.J.

    2013-01-01

    Supply chains are increasingly virtualised in response to market challenges and to opportunities offered by nowadays affordable new technologies. Virtual supply chain management does no longer require physical proximity, which implies that control and coordination can take place in other locations and by other partners. This paper assesses how the Internet of Things concept can be used to enhance virtualisation of supply chains in the floricultural sector. Virtualisation is expected to have a...

  14. Intelligent Traffic Information System Based on Integration of Internet of Things and Agent Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Omar Al-Sakran

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In recent years popularity of private cars is getting urban traffic more and more crowded. As result traffic is becoming one of important problems in big cities in all over the world. Some of the traffic concerns are congestions and accidents which have caused a huge waste of time, property damage and environmental pollution. This research paper presents a novel intelligent traffic administration system, based on Internet of Things, which is featured by low cost, high scalability, high compatibility, easy to upgrade, to replace traditional traffic management system and the proposed system can improve road traffic tremendously. The Internet of Things is based on the Internet, network wireless sensing and detection technologies to realize the intelligent recognition on the tagged traffic object, tracking, monitoring, managing and processed automatically. The paper proposes an architecture that integrates internet of things with agent technology into a single platform where the agent technology handles effective communication and interfaces among a large number of heterogeneous highly distributed, and decentralized devices within the IoT. The architecture introduces the use of an active radio-frequency identification (RFID, wireless sensor technologies, object ad-hoc networking, and Internet-based information systems in which tagged traffic objects can be automatically represented, tracked, and queried over a network. This research presents an overview of a framework distributed traffic simulation model within NetLogo, an agent-based environment, for IoT traffic monitoring system using mobile agent technology.

  15. Virtualization of Event Sources in Wireless Sensor Networks for the Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Néstor Lucas Martínez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs are generally used to collect information from the environment. The gathered data are delivered mainly to sinks or gateways that become the endpoints where applications can retrieve and process such data. However, applications would also expect from a WSN an event-driven operational model, so that they can be notified whenever occur some specific environmental changes instead of continuously analyzing the data provided periodically. In either operational model, WSNs represent a collection of interconnected objects, as outlined by the Internet of Things. Additionally, in order to fulfill the Internet of Things principles, Wireless Sensor Networks must have a virtual representation that allows indirect access to their resources, a model that should also include the virtualization of event sources in a WSN. Thus, in this paper a model for a virtual representation of event sources in a WSN is proposed. They are modeled as internet resources that are accessible by any internet application, following an Internet of Things approach. The model has been tested in a real implementation where a WSN has been deployed in an open neighborhood environment. Different event sources have been identified in the proposed scenario, and they have been represented following the proposed model.

  16. Virtualization of event sources in wireless sensor networks for the internet of things.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucas Martínez, Néstor; Martínez, José-Fernán; Hernández Díaz, Vicente

    2014-01-01

    Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are generally used to collect information from the environment. The gathered data are delivered mainly to sinks or gateways that become the endpoints where applications can retrieve and process such data. However, applications would also expect from a WSN an event-driven operational model, so that they can be notified whenever occur some specific environmental changes instead of continuously analyzing the data provided periodically. In either operational model, WSNs represent a collection of interconnected objects, as outlined by the Internet of Things. Additionally, in order to fulfill the Internet of Things principles, Wireless Sensor Networks must have a virtual representation that allows indirect access to their resources, a model that should also include the virtualization of event sources in a WSN. Thus, in this paper a model for a virtual representation of event sources in a WSN is proposed. They are modeled as internet resources that are accessible by any internet application, following an Internet of Things approach. The model has been tested in a real implementation where a WSN has been deployed in an open neighborhood environment. Different event sources have been identified in the proposed scenario, and they have been represented following the proposed model. PMID:25470489

  17. Security analysis and improvements of authentication and access control in the Internet of Things.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ndibanje, Bruce; Lee, Hoon-Jae; Lee, Sang-Gon

    2014-01-01

    Internet of Things is a ubiquitous concept where physical objects are connected over the internet and are provided with unique identifiers to enable their self-identification to other devices and the ability to continuously generate data and transmit it over a network. Hence, the security of the network, data and sensor devices is a paramount concern in the IoT network as it grows very fast in terms of exchanged data and interconnected sensor nodes. This paper analyses the authentication and access control method using in the Internet of Things presented by Jing et al. (Authentication and Access Control in the Internet of Things. In Proceedings of the 2012 32nd International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems Workshops, Macau, China, 18-21 June 2012, pp. 588-592). According to our analysis, Jing et al.'s protocol is costly in the message exchange and the security assessment is not strong enough for such a protocol. Therefore, we propose improvements to the protocol to fill the discovered weakness gaps. The protocol enhancements facilitate many services to the users such as user anonymity, mutual authentication, and secure session key establishment. Finally, the performance and security analysis show that the improved protocol possesses many advantages against popular attacks, and achieves better efficiency at low communication cost. PMID:25123464

  18. Ambient Assisted Living Systems in the Context of Human Centric Sensing and IoT Concept

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zaric, Nicola; Mihovska, Albena Dimitrova; Pejanovic-Djurisic, Milica

    2016-01-01

    This paper proposes the concept of Human Centric Sensing in the context of Internet of Things and Ambient Assisted Living. The paper uses a case study to present and analyze the proposed idea, and identifies the main challenges and open issues that require research and policy attention....

  19. Traceability System Design for Fruits and Vegetables Safety Based on Internet of Things Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Xin

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This study begins with the perspective of food safety management and the traceability system of the whole supplying chains, taking the food safety problem of fruits and vegetables as the starting point of the research, combined with the domestic and foreign advanced food safety tracing theory as well as the application of technology, so as to construct food safety tracing system of fruits and vegetables based on the technology of the Internet of things.

  20. SecKit: a Model-based Security Toolkit for the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    NEISSE RICARDO; STERI GARY; Nai Fovino, Igor; BALDINI Gianmarco

    2015-01-01

    The control and protection of user data is a very important aspect in the design and deployment of the Internet of Things (IoT). The heterogeneity of IoT technologies, the large number of devices and systems, and the different types of users and roles create important challenges in this context. In particular, requirements of scalability, interoperability, trust and privacy are difficult to address even with the considerable amount of existing work both in the research and standardization com...

  1. Traceability System Design for Fruits and Vegetables Safety Based on Internet of Things Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Liu Xin

    2015-01-01

    This study begins with the perspective of food safety management and the traceability system of the whole supplying chains, taking the food safety problem of fruits and vegetables as the starting point of the research, combined with the domestic and foreign advanced food safety tracing theory as well as the application of technology, so as to construct food safety tracing system of fruits and vegetables based on the technology of the Internet of things.

  2. Object Classification based Context Management for Identity Management in Internet of Things

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mahalle, Parikshit N.; Prasad, Neeli R.; Prasad, Ramjee

    2013-01-01

    As computing technology is becoming more tightly coupled into dynamic and mobile world of the Internet of Things (IoT), security mechanism is more stringent, flexible and less intrusive. Scalability issue in IoT makes identity management (IdM) of ubiquitous objects more challenging, and there is ......As computing technology is becoming more tightly coupled into dynamic and mobile world of the Internet of Things (IoT), security mechanism is more stringent, flexible and less intrusive. Scalability issue in IoT makes identity management (IdM) of ubiquitous objects more challenging......, and there is a need of context-aware access control solution for IdM. Confronting uncertainty of different types of objects in IoT is not easy. This paper presents the logical framework for object classification in context aware IoT, as richer contextual information creates an impact on the access control. This paper...

  3. Research on Food Safety Traceability Technology Based on Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Qiang Meng; Yongfeng Cui; Hansen Wang; Shijun Li

    2015-01-01

    Relying on the Internet of things platform, building a traceability system ranging from the source to dinner table is the crucial issue of meat products to be solved at the moment. On the basis of knowing the current situation of domestic and international food traceability quo, the passage will put forward the feasibility of mobile query used in food traceability queries, mainly targeting elaborating the core technology like image preprocessing and decoding. It illustrates the feasibility of...

  4. Beyond Boyer: SoTL in the Context of Interesting Scholarly Things

    OpenAIRE

    Bruce B. Henderson, PhD

    2009-01-01

    The positive effects of Ernest Boyer’s broader definition of scholarship have been attenuated by stress on published outcomes as indicators of all his scholarships, including the scholarship of teaching and learning (SoTL). At universities outside the research university sector, we need to find ways to recognize and reward a wide variety of interesting scholarly things related to teaching that are not likely to meet the formal assessment criteria that have come to define the SoTL category of ...

  5. Enabling High-Level Application Development in the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Patel, Pankesh; Pathak, Animesh; Cassou, Damien; Issarny, Valérie

    2013-01-01

    International audience The sensor networking field is evolving into the Internet of Things~(IoT), owing in large part to the increased availability of consumer sensing devices, including modern smart phones. However, application development in the IoT still remains challenging, since it involves dealing with several related issues, such as lack of proper identification of roles of various stakeholders, as well as lack of suitable (high-level) abstractions to address the large scale and het...

  6. Large-Scale Mobile Sensing Enabled Internet-of-Things Testbed for Smart City Services

    OpenAIRE

    Lanza, Jorge; Sánchez, Luis; Muñoz, Luis; Galache, José Antonio; Sotres, Pablo; Juan R. Santana; Gutiérrez, Verónica

    2015-01-01

    Smart cities are one of the key application domains for the Internet-of-Things paradigm. Extending the Web into the physical realm of a city, by means of the widespread deployment of spatially distributed Internet-addressable devices with sensing and/or actuation capabilities, allows improving efficiency of city services. Vehicles moving around the city become excellent probes when the objective is to gather information across the city in a cost effective manner. Public transportation fleets,...

  7. New Domestic Locations:Reconfiguring the home through the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Speed, Chris; Barker, Chris

    2014-01-01

    This paper reflects on the reconstruction of the home as it becomes filtered through that data that is streamed from smart objects. Retrofitting a home for The Internet of Things involves the placement of multiple sensors that record changes in conditions in order to construct a simulacrum of the actual house from which to analyse and form understandings of behaviour and in turn opportunities for connection. This domestic data shadow (as it might be called) is not just a record of one inhabit...

  8. Protecting E-healthcare Data Privacy for Internet of Things Based Wireless Body Area Network

    OpenAIRE

    Anass Rghioui; Aziza L’aarje; Fatiha Elouaai; Mohammed Bouhorma

    2015-01-01

    This study aim to give an analysis of the threats to privacy in wireless sensors in the context of the Internet of things and we review the pros and cons of some of the proposed solutions in order to ensure privacy. We propose a solution for the management of security keys based on symmetric encryption, taking into account two important factors, the sensors resources constraints and their mobility being linked to the patient body that may move occasionally. Tests gave significant results conf...

  9. Toward user-centric feature composition for the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Zave, Pamela; Cheung, Eric; Yarosh, Svetlana

    2015-01-01

    Many user studies of home automation, as the most familiar representative of the Internet of Things, have shown the difficulty of developing technology that users understand and like. It helps to state requirements as largely-independent features, but features are not truly independent, so this incurs the cost of managing and explaining feature interactions. We propose to compose features at runtime, resolving their interactions by means of priority. Although the basic idea is simple, its det...

  10. The Appliance Pervasive of Internet of Things in Healthcare Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Mir Sajjad Hussain Talpur

    2013-01-01

    In fact, information systems are the foundation of new productivity sources, medical organizational forms, and erection of a global economy. IoT based healthcare systems play a significant role in ICT and have contribution in growth of medical information systems, which are underpinning of recent medical and economic development strategies. However, to take advantages of IoT, it is essential that medical enterprises and community should trust the IoT systems in terms of performance, security,...

  11. The god of small things and the question of identity

    OpenAIRE

    Mattos-Parreira, Merja de

    2000-01-01

    Over the recent years, we have witnessed a proliferation of studies focusing on the concept of identity. We hear a great deal about identity at global, national, local and personal levels, be it a Serbia militia man's cigarette brand, Madonna's transformation from a female Marquis de Sade to a spiritual Mother Earth or the identity of a victim of the tyranny of slenderness that is being analysed. Yet, in these studies focusing on different "natures" or "spheres" of identity construction, two ...

  12. A Novel Navigation Information Management System for Food Maritime Logistics Based on Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei He

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on the construction of a new navigation information management system for food maritime logistics. With the vigorous development of Internet technology, the Internet of things technology has been introduced into the food maritime logistics to enhance the efficiency of food production transportation. However, the navigation information management system for food maritime logistics is still a big challenge and very limited work has been done to address safe and effective navigation information management for food maritime logistics. For this reason, a novel navigation information management system based on Internet of things for food maritime logistics is presented in this study to achieve a variety of network data exchange and integration and build a set of information collection and transmission modules to process and share the information involved with the beacons, hydrology and environment. The navigation information management system could provide important information and decision for food maritime logistics to ensure their safety.

  13. Enforcing Security Mechanisms in the IP-Based Internet of Things: An Algorithmic Overview

    OpenAIRE

    Luca Veltri; Gianluigi Ferrari; Simone Cirani

    2013-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the Internet-like structure of billions of interconnected constrained devices, denoted as “smart objects”. Smart objects have limited capabilities, in terms of computational power and memory, and might be battery-powered devices, thus raising the need to adopt particularly energy efficient technologies. Among the most notable challenges that building interconnected smart objects brings about, there are standardization and interoperability. The use of IP ...

  14. Internet of Things as a new disruptive concept for future global business

    OpenAIRE

    Kalenda, Tomáš

    2015-01-01

    The goal of the thesis is to provide investors and established businesses insights into the evolving concept of Internet of Things in the context of a business opportunity. First, the thesis provides comprehensive overview of the IoT concept, its historical development and relevant concepts similar to IoT including its definition and explanation. Second, the thesis discusses IoT as a disruptive technology with implications for general business strategy, current business models, value chains a...

  15. Modified PSO Algorithm to the Logistical Network for Goods Transportation Based on Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Du HuaMei Zhang Genglu; Huang Yongsheng

    2013-01-01

    By the technologies of the Internet of Things, the static and dynamic information of the logistical network can be integrated into an information system which can be used to the cost optimization of the logistical services. In this study a modified PSO algorithm is proposed with proper description for the relationship among the key elements in the logistical network. In the proposed algorithm, the similarity of the solution space vector is applied to the overlap generation. Simulative e...

  16. Smart Residential Buildings as Learning Agent Organizations in the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Schatten Markus

    2014-01-01

    Background: Smart buildings are one of the major application areas of technologies bound to embedded systems and the Internet of things. Such systems have to be adaptable and flexible in order to provide better services to its residents. Modelling such systems is an open research question. Herein, the question is approached using an organizational modelling methodology bound to the principles of the learning organization. Objectives: Providing a higher level of abstraction for understanding, ...

  17. Research on Vegetable Traceability System Based on Internet of Things and its Application

    OpenAIRE

    Ji Yan; Zhang Feng; Dong Jian-Gang

    2013-01-01

    In order to improve the vegetables tracing efficiency and reduce vegetables tracking and monitoring cost, analyzed existing vegetable production, testing, location, track and sales process through the investigation of one vegetable enterprise, the vegetable traceability system scheme by RFID and Internet technology is designed. Emphasis on an analysis of the RFID system, middleware and applications such as mobile phone or wireless PDA of internet of things The final analysis of the network in...

  18. Large-Scale Real-Time Semantic Processing Framework for Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Xi Chen; Huajun Chen; Ningyu Zhang; Jue Huang; Wen Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays, the advanced sensor technology with cloud computing and big data is generating large-scale heterogeneous and real-time IOT (Internet of Things) data. To make full use of the data, development and deploy of ubiquitous IOT-based applications in various aspects of our daily life are quite urgent. However, the characteristics of IOT sensor data, including heterogeneity, variety, volume, and real time, bring many challenges to effectively process the sensor data. The Semantic Web technol...

  19. A DHT-Based Discovery Service for the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Federica Paganelli; David Parlanti

    2012-01-01

    Current trends towards the Future Internet are envisaging the conception of novel services endowed with context-aware and autonomic capabilities to improve end users’ quality of life. The Internet of Things paradigm is expected to contribute towards this ambitious vision by proposing models and mechanisms enabling the creation of networks of “smart things” on a large scale. It is widely recognized that efficient mechanisms for discovering available resources and capabilities are required to r...

  20. City Data Fusion: Sensor Data Fusion in the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Meisong; Perera, Charith; Jayaraman, Prem Prakash; Zhang, Miranda; Strazdins, Peter; Ranjan, Rajiv

    2015-01-01

    Internet of Things (IoT) has gained substantial attention recently and play a significant role in smart city application deployments. A number of such smart city applications depend on sensor fusion capabilities in the cloud from diverse data sources. We introduce the concept of IoT and present in detail ten different parameters that govern our sensor data fusion evaluation framework. We then evaluate the current state-of-the art in sensor data fusion against our sensor data fusion framework....

  1. Compact Extensible Authentication Protocol for the Internet of Things: Enabling Scalable and Efficient Security Commissioning

    OpenAIRE

    Marcin Piotr Pawlowski; Antonio J. Jara; Ogorzalek, Maciej J.

    2015-01-01

    Internet of Things security is one of the most challenging parts of the domain. Combining strong cryptography and lifelong security with highly constrained devices under conditions of limited energy consumption and no maintenance time is extremely difficult task. This paper presents an approach that combines authentication and bootstrapping protocol (TEPANOM) with Extensible Authentication Protocol (EAP) framework optimized for the IEEE 802.15.4 networks. The solution achieves significant red...

  2. An Experimental Research on Closed Loop Supply Chain Management with Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    PAKSOY, Turan; KARAOĞLAN, İsmail; GÖKÇEN, Hadi; Pardalos, Panos M.; TORĞUL, Belkıs

    2016-01-01

    Abstract. Closed loop supply chain (CLSC) optimization is integration of forward and reverse logistics activities. The importance of CLSC management is increasing by legal regulations, limited energy resources and environmental- financial problems that growing in recent years. However, reverse logistics part of the CLSC is a flow type which is more difficult to made predictions, planning and controls by reason contained uncertainties. This stage, Internet of Things system reduces related unce...

  3. Multi-Scale CLEAN: A comparison of its performance against classical CLEAN in galaxies using THINGS

    OpenAIRE

    Rich, J. W.; Blok, W. J. G. de; Cornwell, T. J.; Brinks, E.; Walter, F.; Bagetakos, I.; Kennicutt Jr., R. C.

    2008-01-01

    A practical evaluation of the Multi-Scale CLEAN algorithm is presented. The data used in the comparisons are taken from The HI Nearby Galaxy Survey (THINGS). The implementation of Multi-Scale CLEAN in the CASA software package is used, although comparisons are made against the very similar Multi-Resolution CLEAN algorithm implemented in AIPS. Both are compared against the classical CLEAN algorithm (as implemented in AIPS). The results of this comparison show that several of the well-known cha...

  4. Programming in the Large for the Internet of Things (Invited Talk)

    OpenAIRE

    Choi, Jong-Deok

    2015-01-01

    The term Internet of Things (IoT) has generated a lot of buzz in the information technology and consumer electronics industries. In the IoT setting, a large number of physically dispersed devices - such as sensors, actuators and processing units - coordinate to bring useful capabilities to the user. A significant portion of these devices may have rather small computation and storage footprints, but at the same time, they can leverage support from potential enormous computation and storage res...

  5. A Novel Navigation Information Management System for Food Maritime Logistics Based on Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Wei He; Xiumin Chu

    2014-01-01

    This study focuses on the construction of a new navigation information management system for food maritime logistics. With the vigorous development of Internet technology, the Internet of things technology has been introduced into the food maritime logistics to enhance the efficiency of food production transportation. However, the navigation information management system for food maritime logistics is still a big challenge and very limited work has been done to address safe and effective navi...

  6. Chaos Encryption Algorithm to Deal with Security Threat to Internet of Things RFID

    OpenAIRE

    Tian Xiaoyong

    2013-01-01

    Internet of Things RFID system is mainly studied problem in current communication area, where the safety of code message become rather important. Chaos encryption algorithm can disperse not only the time area but the scale, which is suitable for computer to deal with and overcome the limitation of block encryption in DES and AES. Using Sequence of the digital to deal with initial value and combining the one dimensional Logistic chaos and three dimensional Lorenz algorithm realize common encry...

  7. Designing for the Internet of Things : models and principles for application-augmented products.

    OpenAIRE

    Thebault, Pierrick

    2013-01-01

    The Internet of Things, whose underlying vision and technologies aim at bridging the physical and digital worlds together, lead to the creation of new types of applications coupling Web services with everyday products. Such product-oriented applications, which enable the functional exposition, control or enhancement of artifacts that embed information processing capabilities, question the established design principles and conventions. They open up the possibility for Internet-enabled products...

  8. A sensor network for the Internet of Things Integrated with a bidirectional backend

    OpenAIRE

    Hobring, Linus; Söderberg, Philip

    2014-01-01

    Internet of Things is rapidly evolving. This thesis includes a study of single-board computers suitable for machine-to-machine communication together with the developing process of a sensor network integrated with a bidirectional communication platform. Raspberry Pi was selected as the single-board computer used in the proposed system. The Message Queuing Telemetry Transport protocol was selected as main communication protocol to handle all exchange of information between the network and the ...

  9. The Emerging Internet of Things Marketplace From an Industrial Perspective: A Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Perera, Charith; Liu, Chi Harold; Jayawardena, Srimal

    2015-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is a dynamic global information network consisting of internet-connected objects, such as Radio-frequency identification (RFIDs), sensors, actuators, as well as other instruments and smart appliances that are becoming an integral component of the future internet. Over the last decade, we have seen a large number of the IoT solutions developed by start-ups, small and medium enterprises, large corporations, academic research institutes (such as universities), and pr...

  10. Economic Value of Internet of Things Technology%物联网技术的经济价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路志强

    2012-01-01

    Internet of things of intelligent integration will realize rapidly development. Technology of internet of things will be promoted on a large scale. In this paper, the author expounded key technologies of internet of things technology industry, and discussed industry values of intelligent integration of internet of things.%新时期智能集成物联网将迅猛发展,物联网技术会获得大范围的推广应用。阐述了物联网技术产业的关键性技术.探讨了物联网智能集成的产业价值。

  11. IPv6 Addressing Proxy: Mapping Native Addressing from Legacy Technologies and Devices to the Internet of Things (IPv6)

    OpenAIRE

    Peter Kirstein; Socrates Varakliotis; Skarmeta, Antonio F.; Pedro Moreno-Sanchez; Jara, Antonio J.

    2013-01-01

    Sensors utilize a large number of heterogeneous technologies for a varied set of application environments. The sheer number of devices involved requires that this Internet be the Future Internet, with a core network based on IPv6 and a higher scalability in order to be able to address all the devices, sensors and things located around us. This capability to connect through IPv6 devices, sensors and things is what is defining the so-called Internet of Things (IoT). IPv6 provides addressing spa...

  12. GTL Based Internet of Things Enable Processor Specific RAM Design on 65nm FPGA

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moudgil, Aditi; Garg, Kanika; Pandey, Bishwajeet;

    2015-01-01

    In this work, we are making Energy Efficient Internet of Things (IoTs) Enable RAM. In order to make it energy efficient, we are using Gunning Transceiver Logic (GTL) IO Standard and Gunning Transceiver Logic Plus (GTLP). We are using the 4 different members of GTL and GTLP IO standards family...... and searching the most energy efficient among them. We observed that when we use 3.6 GHz operating frequency, there is 90.2% reduction in I/O power when we used GTL instead of GTLP_DCI. We are inserting 128-bit IP address in RAM to make internet of things enable RAM. Finally, we are operating our IOTs Enable...

  13. Too much of a good thing: the curse of overfeeding

    OpenAIRE

    Griffiths, Richard D

    2007-01-01

    Enteral nutrition (EN) gives a legacy of under nutrition in intensive care patients but few appreciate that parenteral nutrition (PN) carries the other risk of overfeeding if used injudiciously. Over-feeding presents a significant metabolic stress but tight glycaemic control is now masking the traditional warning signs and does not on its own negate the need to give patients the right amount at the right time.

  14. Proceedings of the 11th Student Conferencein Human – Information - Thing : Interaction Technology 2015

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The Student Conference in Human – Information - Thing Interaction Technology is the grand finale of the course Current Topic in Interaction Technology and Design at the Department of Applied Physics and Electronics, Umeå University. The idea and objective of the course is to givethe students a forum where they can actively participate in scientific research and development through developing their own ideas. The course introduces students to independently researching an interesting topic, usi...

  15. Networking solutions for connecting bluetooth low energy enabled machines to the internet of things

    OpenAIRE

    Nieminen, Johanna; Gómez Montenegro, Carlos; Isomaki, Markus; Savolainen, Teemu; Patil, Basavaraj; Shelby, Zach; Oller Bosch, Joaquim

    2014-01-01

    The next wave driving the expansion of the Internet will come from the Internet of Things. Bluetooth LE is a rapidly emerging ultra-low-power radio technology expected to be incorporated in billions of IoT devices in the next few years. Consequently, it is particularly important to specify Internet connectivity solutions for Bluetooth LE. In this article we present such solutions based on the ongoing standardization work in the IETF and Bluetooth Special Interest Group. We prove the feasibili...

  16. Data Management for the Internet of Things: Design Primitives and Solution

    OpenAIRE

    Najah Abu Ali; Mohammad Hayajneh; Mervat Abu-Elkheir

    2013-01-01

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is a networking paradigm where interconnected, smart objects continuously generate data and transmit it over the Internet. Much of the IoT initiatives are geared towards manufacturing low-cost and energy-efficient hardware for these objects, as well as the communication technologies that provide objects interconnectivity. However, the solutions to manage and utilize the massive volume of data produced by these objects are yet to mature. Traditional database manage...

  17. Energy Harvesting for the Internet-of-Things: Measurements and Probability Models

    OpenAIRE

    Smart, G.; Atkinson, J; Mitchell, J.; Rodrigues, M; Andreopoulos, I.

    2016-01-01

    The success of future Internet-of-Things (IoT) based application deployments depends on the ability of wireless sensor platforms to sustain uninterrupted operation based on environmental energy harvesting. In this paper, we deploy a multitransducer platform for photovoltaic and piezoelectric energy harvesting and collect raw data about the harvested power in commonly-encountered outdoor and indoor scenarios. We couple the generated power profiles with probability mixture models and make our d...

  18. Movers and Shakers: Kinetic Energy Harvesting for the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Gorlatova, Maria; Sarik, John; Grebla, Guy; Cong, Mina; Kymissis, Ioannis; Zussman, Gil

    2013-01-01

    Numerous energy harvesting wireless devices that will serve as building blocks for the Internet of Things (IoT) are currently under development. However, there is still only limited understanding of the properties of various energy sources and their impact on energy harvesting adaptive algorithms. Hence, we focus on characterizing the kinetic (motion) energy that can be harvested by a wireless node with an IoT form factor and on developing energy allocation algorithms for such nodes. In this ...

  19. Simply RIOT: Teaching and Experimental Research in the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Hahm, Oliver; Baccelli, Emmanuel; Petersen, Hauke; Wählisch, Matthias; Schmidt, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Manufacturers announce on a regular basis the availability of novel tiny devices, most of them featuring network interfaces: the Internet of Things (IoT) is already here - from the hardware perspective. On the software side however, embedded platforms available so far made it uneasy for developers to build apps that run across heterogeneous IoT hardware. Linux does not scale down to small, energy-constrained devices, while alternatives such as Contiki yield a steep learning curve and lengthy ...

  20. Towards Environmental Inclusion: Fostering inclusive mobility behaviours through Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Ghajargar, Maliheh

    2015-01-01

    This poster describes our project about design for sustainable mobility behaviour, facilitated by the Internet of Things. In particular we have based our research on Schultz's integrated cognitive representation of self and other that confirms sustainable behaviours are the consequences of the ecological thinking. In order to foster ecological thinking in the home environment, we have designed a smart key hook that has three essential connected parts with which users interact: digital interfa...