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Sample records for class-based nutrition intervention

  1. Evaluation of effectiveness of class-based nutrition intervention on changes in soft drink and milk consumption among young adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holloman Christopher

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background During last few decades, soft drink consumption has steadily increased while milk intake has decreased. Excess consumption of soft drinks and low milk intake may pose risks of several diseases such as dental caries, obesity, and osteoporosis. Although beverage consumption habits form during young adulthood, which has a strong impact on beverage choices in later life, nutrition education programs on beverages are scarce in this population. The purpose of this investigation was 1 to assess soft drink and milk consumption and 2 to evaluate the effectiveness of 15-week class-based nutrition intervention in changing beverage choices among college students. Methods A total of 80 college students aged 18 to 24 years who were enrolled in basic nutrition class participated in the study. Three-day dietary records were collected, verified, and analyzed before and after the intervention. Class lectures focused on healthful dietary choices related to prevention of chronic diseases and were combined with interactive hands on activities and dietary feedback. Results Class-based nutrition intervention combining traditional lecture and interactive activities was successful in decreasing soft drink consumption. Total milk consumption, specifically fat free milk, increased in females and male students changed milk choice favoring skim milk over low fat milk. (1% and 2%. Conclusion Class-based nutrition education focusing on prevention of chronic diseases can be an effective strategy in improving both male and female college students' beverage choices. Using this type of intervention in a general nutrition course may be an effective approach to motivate changes in eating behaviors in a college setting.

  2. Evaluation of effectiveness of class-based nutrition intervention on changes in soft drink and milk consumption among young adults

    OpenAIRE

    Holloman Christopher; Caine-Bish Natalie; Ha Eun-Jeong; Lowry-Gordon Karen

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background During last few decades, soft drink consumption has steadily increased while milk intake has decreased. Excess consumption of soft drinks and low milk intake may pose risks of several diseases such as dental caries, obesity, and osteoporosis. Although beverage consumption habits form during young adulthood, which has a strong impact on beverage choices in later life, nutrition education programs on beverages are scarce in this population. The purpose of this investigation ...

  3. Evaluation of effectiveness of class-based nutrition intervention on changes in soft drink and milk consumption among young adults

    OpenAIRE

    Ha, Eun-Jeong; Caine-Bish, Natalie; Holloman, Christopher; Lowry-Gordon, Karen

    2009-01-01

    Background During last few decades, soft drink consumption has steadily increased while milk intake has decreased. Excess consumption of soft drinks and low milk intake may pose risks of several diseases such as dental caries, obesity, and osteoporosis. Although beverage consumption habits form during young adulthood, which has a strong impact on beverage choices in later life, nutrition education programs on beverages are scarce in this population. The purpose of this investigation was 1) to...

  4. Nutrition intervention in scholars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Anzolin

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To verify the effectiveness of nutrition intervention in changing dietary intake among school children aged 6 to 10 years old in private school, in the city of Itajaí - SC, Brazil. Methods: A non-randomized and uncontrolled intervention study, carried through four educational activities in the period from August to November, 2008 and food intake reassessed at the end. We evaluated the nutritional status by means of body mass index for age and sex, and waist circumference. The frequency of consumption before and after intervention was compared using the paired Student t test. Results: Joined in the survey 93 students (69.92% of whom 48 children (54.5% were normal weight, while 36 (40.9% were overweight or presented obesity. The most consumed food groups, before and after intervention were: crackers and pasta; rice and fruit juice. The average frequency of sweets intake decreased after the intervention (0.54 to 0.24 times per day, p <0.001, however increased the intake of fried potatoes (0.25 to 0.65, p <0.001, pizza and hamburger (0.30 to 0.46, p = 0.028. Among girls, the intake of sweets decreased after the educational activities (0.58 to 0.12, p <0.001. Conclusions: Nutritional interventions, despite the short period of time, were effective in changing the consumption of certain foods / food groups. The results reinforce the need to carry out interventions more often and for longer periods, to promote effective changes in food consumption.

  5. Shopper marketing nutrition interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, Collin R; Niculescu, Mihai; Just, David R; Kelly, Michael P

    2014-09-01

    Grocery stores represent a context in which a majority of people's food purchases occur. Considering the nutrition quality of the population's food intake has dramatically decreased, understanding how to improve food choice in the grocery store is paramount to healthier living. In this work, we detail the type of financial resources from which shoppers could draw (i.e., personal income and benefits from government food assistance programs to low income populations) and explain how these financial resources are allocated in the grocery store (i.e., planned, unplanned, error). Subsequently, we identify a conceptual framework for shopper marketing nutrition interventions that targets unplanned fruit and vegetable purchases (i.e., slack, or willingness to spend minus list items). Targeting slack for fresh fruit and vegetable purchases allows retailers to benefit economically (i.e., fruit and vegetables are higher margin) and allows shoppers to improve their nutrition without increasing their budgets (i.e., budget neutrality). We also provide preliminary evidence of what in-store marketing of fresh fruits and vegetables could entail by modifying grocery carts and grocery floors to provide information of what is common, normal, or appropriate fruit and vegetable purchases. In each example, fresh fruit and vegetable purchases increased and evidence suggested shopper budget neutrality. To provide context for these results, we detail measurement tools that can be used to measure shopper behaviors, purchases, and consumption patterns. Finally, we address theoretical, practical, and policy implications of shopper marketing nutrition interventions.

  6. Interventional nutrition for gastrointestinal disease.

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    Hickman, M A

    1998-11-01

    Nutritional intervention plays a key role in the successful management of gastrointestinal disease. This article focuses on several novel areas of nutritional intervention that are becoming increasingly important in gastrointestinal disease, including short-chain fatty acids, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and glutamine. Short-chain fatty acids are the principal end-products of bacterial fermentation of dietary fibers and have profound effects on normal intestinal cell metabolism and proliferation. Short-chain fatty acids have the potential to improve overall intestinal health, stimulate intestinal healing, and decrease intestinal inflammation. Omega-3 fatty acids, from dietary sources or supplements, may also be useful in decreasing intestinal inflammation and in preventing intestinal cancer. Finally, glutamine also may play an important role in the nutritional management of gastrointestinal disease. PMID:9842113

  7. Nutrition intervention in general dentistry.

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    Sintes, J L

    1990-12-01

    This article presents a nutrition program in general dentistry following an oral health nutrition care process, and provides a guideline for identifying patients at risk of developing marginal malnutrition as a result of oral health procedures. The program highlights the importance of assessing nutritional status by segregating high-risk patients from low-risk patients. A case report demonstrates the therapeutic dietary management of a patient whose jaws were immobilized as a result of trauma.

  8. Nutritional Intervention and Breakfast Behavior of Kindergartens

    OpenAIRE

    Gao, Yongqing; CAI, Chunsheng; Li, Jian; Sun, Wenjie

    2016-01-01

    Background: To examine the effect of nutritional education on children’s breakfast patternsMethods: A kindergarten based nutrition intervention was started in September 2001 among 8 kindergartens in Hefei with a total of 2,012 children aged 4-6 years and their parent pairs.Results: Monthly nutrition education sessions were held over two semesters in kindergartens part of the intervention arm.  The approach in education and the content of other activities were uniform across all the kindergart...

  9. Chronic kidney disease: considerations for nutrition interventions.

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    Steiber, Alison L

    2014-05-01

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is highly prevalent and has major health consequences for patients. Caring for patients with CKD requires knowledge of the food supply, renal pathophysiology, and nutrition-related medications used to work synergistically with diet to control the signs and symptoms of the disease. The nutrition care process and International Dietetic and Nutrition Terminology allow for systematic, holistic, quality care of patients with this complex, progressive disease. Nutrition interventions must be designed with the individual patients needs in mind while prioritizing factors with the largest negative impact on health outcomes and mortality risk. New areas of nutrition treatment are emerging that involve a greater focus on micronutrient needs, the microbiome, and vegetarian-style diets. These interventions may improve outcomes by decreasing inflammation, improving energy and protein delivery, and lowering phosphorus, electrolytes, and fluid retention.

  10. Intervention in child nutrition : evaluation studies in Kenya

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoorweg, J.C.; Niemeijer, R.

    1989-01-01

    In this monograph three major types of intervention in child nutrition are examined: nutrition education, food supplementation and nutrition rehabilitation. Detailed evaluations were carried out, between 1976 and 1979, of programmes in Central Kenya operating under different ecological circumstances

  11. Nutritional interventions in critical illness.

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    Powell-Tuck, Jeremy

    2007-02-01

    The metabolism of critical illness is characterised by a combination of starvation and stress. There is increased production of cortisol, catecholamines, glucagon and growth hormone and increased insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1. Phagocytic, epithelial and endothelial cells elaborate reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, chemokines, pro-inflammatory cytokines and lipid mediators, and antioxidant depletion ensues. There is hyperglycaemia, hyperinsulinaemia, hyperlactataemia, increased gluconeogenesis and decreased glycogen production. Insulin resistance, particularly in relation to the liver, is marked. The purpose of nutritional support is primarily to save life and secondarily to speed recovery by reducing neuropathy and maintaining muscle mass and function. There is debate about the optimal timing of nutritional support for the patient in the intensive care unit. It is generally agreed that the enteral route is preferable if possible, but the dangers of the parenteral route, a route of feeding that remains important in the context of critical illness, may have been over-emphasised. Control of hyperglycaemia is beneficial, and avoidance of overfeeding is emphasised. Growth hormone is harmful. The refeeding syndrome needs to be considered, although it has been little studied in the context of critical illness. Achieving energy balance may not be necessary in the early stages of critical illness, particularly in patients who are overweight or obese. Protein turnover is increased and N balance is often negative in the face of normal nutrient intake; optimal N intakes are the subject of some debate. Supplementation of particular amino acids able to support or regulate the immune response, such as glutamine, may have a role not only for their potential metabolic effect but also for their potential antioxidant role. Doubt remains in relation to arginine supplementation. High-dose mineral and vitamin antioxidant therapy may have a place. PMID:17343768

  12. Nutritional interventions in sarcopenia: a critical review.

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    Hickson, Mary

    2015-11-01

    The aim of the present paper is to critically review the details of the published nutrition intervention trials, with and without exercise, targeting sarcopenia. Sarcopenia is the loss of muscle mass, strength and/or performance with age. Since amino acids and energy are required for muscle synthesis it is possible that nutritional intake influences sarcopenia. Nutritional studies are challenging to carry out because of the complexity of modulating dietary intake. It is very difficult to change one nutrient without influencing many others, which means that many of the published studies are problematic to interpret. The studies included evaluate whole protein, essential amino acids and β-hydroxyl β-methylbutyrate (HMB). Whole-protein supplementation failed to show a consistent effect on muscle mass, strength or function. This can be explained by the variations in study design, composition of the protein supplement and the failure to monitor voluntary food intake, adherence and baseline nutritional status. Essential amino-acid supplements showed an inconsistent effect but there are only two trials that have significant differences in methodology and the supplement used. The HMB studies are suggestive of a beneficial effect on older adults, but larger well-controlled studies are required that measure outcomes relevant to sarcopenia, ideally in sarcopenic populations. The issues of timing and distribution of protein intake, and increased splanchnic amino-acid sequestration are discussed, and recommendations for future trials are made. PMID:25923603

  13. Definition of standardized nutritional assessment and interventional pathways in oncology.

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    Ottery, F D

    1996-01-01

    Weight loss and nutritional deterioration are associated with adverse outcomes in terms of cancer prognosis (response rate and survival) as well as increased complications, prolonged hospitalizations, increased risk of unplanned hospitalization, increased disability, and increased overall cost of care. The nutritional oncology service at Fox Chase Cancer Center defined a proactive, standardized assessment and interventional approach from 1987-1994. In 186 consecutive patients referred to the nutrition clinic and managed solely by oral intervention and aggressive symptom management, the team demonstrated a 50%-80% success rate in getting patients to maintain or gain weight during therapy, with a similar success in maintaining or improving visceral protein status as determined by serum transferrin and/or albumin. Evaluation of the home parenteral nutrition program (n = 65, from 1987-1993) demonstrated similar success when appropriate triaging was carried out, with 58% of patients able to be tapered off parenteral nutrition (PN) entirely or with transition to enteral tube feeding. The assessment of success for a nutritional intervention (e.g., a disease-specific nutritional supplement) requires the standardization of definitions, assessment tools, criteria for nutritional intervention, and appropriate end points for the assessment of outcomes. The Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment of nutritional status is used in conjunction with the nutritional risk of planned cancer therapy to define a standardized interventional approach in oncology patients, which can be used in clinical practice, cooperative oncology group protocols, and clinical trials of nutritional intervention regimens. PMID:8850213

  14. The effectiveness of nutritional interventions in malnutrition and cachexia.

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    Baldwin, Christine

    2015-11-01

    Cancer is a common diagnosis and leading cause of death worldwide. Amounts of weight loss vary but it is associated with considerable morbidity, poorer quality of life and reduced survival. Nutritional intervention has the potential to maximise response to treatment and improve functioning and quality of life. The aim of this paper was to review the evidence for oral nutritional interventions in the management of weight loss in patients with cancer. Comparison of studies of nutritional support interventions in people with cancer is complicated by variations in understanding of what constitutes a compromised nutritional status. There are similarities and differences between definitions of both malnutrition and cachexia and studies of oral nutritional interventions have failed to use standard criteria at study inclusion contributing to heterogeneity amongst studies. Meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials has suggested limited evidence of benefit to nutritional and clinical outcomes but some improvements to aspects of quality of life. The presence of cachexia in patients with cancer might explain the limited efficacy of simple oral nutritional interventions, which lack a component designed to address metabolic abnormalities associated with cachexia. Novel strategies combining nutritional support with therapeutic agents designed to down-regulate the metabolic aberrations have failed to demonstrate consistent benefits and the results of multimodal treatments combining several interventions are awaited. There is a need for intervention studies recruiting patients early in the disease course, which underlines the need for definitions which predict poor outcome and hence allow early recognition of vulnerable patients. PMID:26087760

  15. Promoting equity through integrated early child development and nutrition interventions.

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    Black, Maureen M; Dewey, Kathryn G

    2014-01-01

    Sustainable development, a foundation of the post-2015 global agenda, depends on healthy and productive citizens. The origins of adult health begin early in life, stemming from genetic-environmental interactions that include adequate nutrition and opportunities for responsive learning. Inequities associated with inadequate nutrition and early learning opportunities can undermine children's health and development, thereby compromising their productivity and societal contributions. Transactional theory serves as a useful framework for examining the associations that link early child development and nutrition because it emphasizes the interplay that occurs between children and the environment, mediated through caregiver interactions. Although single interventions targeting early child development or nutrition can be effective, there is limited evidence on the development, implementation, evaluation, and scaling up of integrated interventions. This manuscript introduces a special edition of papers on six topics central to integrated child development/nutrition interventions: (1) review of integrated interventions; (2) methods and topics in designing integrated interventions; (3) economic considerations related to integrated interventions; (4) capacity-building considerations; (5) examples of integrated interventions; and (6) policy implications of integrated interventions. Ensuring the health and development of infants and young children through integrated child development/nutrition interventions promotes equity, a critical component of sustainable development. PMID:24571211

  16. Effects of integrated child development and nutrition interventions on child development and nutritional status.

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    Grantham-McGregor, Sally M; Fernald, Lia C H; Kagawa, Rose M C; Walker, Susan

    2014-01-01

    We conducted a systematic review of studies that examined the effect of interventions combining a child development component with a nutrition one; in some cases the nutrition interventions also included health-promotion components. Only papers with both child development and nutrition outcomes and rated as moderate-to-good quality were included. Eleven efficacy and two nonrandomized trials, and eight program evaluations were identified. Only six trials examined interventions separately and combined. The trials showed nutritional interventions usually benefited nutritional status and sometimes benefited child development. Stimulation consistently benefited child development. There was no significant loss of any effect when interventions were combined, but there was little evidence of synergistic interaction between nutrition and stimulation on child development. Only three trials followed up the children after intervention. All at-scale program evaluations were combined interventions. Five benefited child development, but one did not, and two showed deficits. There was generally little benefit of at-scale programs to nutritional status. We found no rigorous evaluations of adding stimulation to health and nutrition services at scale and there is an urgent need for them. There is also a need to establish quality-control mechanisms for existing scaled-up programs and to determine their long-term effects. There is also a need to determine if there are any sustained benefits for the children after programs finish.

  17. Unit costs, cost - effectiveness, and financing of nutrition interventions

    OpenAIRE

    Horton, Susan

    1992-01-01

    The author summarizes what is known about unit costs, the cost structure, cost-effectiveness, and financing of eight nutrition interventions: maternal and child health (MCH) feeding, school feeding, nutrition education, the promotion of breastfeeding, targeted food subsidies, micronutrient supplementation, micronutrient fortification, and growth monitoring. Among items that she reports: (1) mass media nutrition education campaigns and the promotion of breastfeeding cost about $1 - $5 per bene...

  18. Sleep in elite athletes and nutritional interventions to enhance sleep.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halson, Shona L

    2014-05-01

    Sleep has numerous important physiological and cognitive functions that may be particularly important to elite athletes. Recent evidence, as well as anecdotal information, suggests that athletes may experience a reduced quality and/or quantity of sleep. Sleep deprivation can have significant effects on athletic performance, especially submaximal, prolonged exercise. Compromised sleep may also influence learning, memory, cognition, pain perception, immunity and inflammation. Furthermore, changes in glucose metabolism and neuroendocrine function as a result of chronic, partial sleep deprivation may result in alterations in carbohydrate metabolism, appetite, food intake and protein synthesis. These factors can ultimately have a negative influence on an athlete's nutritional, metabolic and endocrine status and hence potentially reduce athletic performance. Research has identified a number of neurotransmitters associated with the sleep-wake cycle. These include serotonin, gamma-aminobutyric acid, orexin, melanin-concentrating hormone, cholinergic, galanin, noradrenaline, and histamine. Therefore, nutritional interventions that may act on these neurotransmitters in the brain may also influence sleep. Carbohydrate, tryptophan, valerian, melatonin and other nutritional interventions have been investigated as possible sleep inducers and represent promising potential interventions. In this review, the factors influencing sleep quality and quantity in athletic populations are examined and the potential impact of nutritional interventions is considered. While there is some research investigating the effects of nutritional interventions on sleep, future research may highlight the importance of nutritional and dietary interventions to enhance sleep. PMID:24791913

  19. Multifaceted nutritional intervention among nursing-home residents has a positive influence on nutrition and function

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beck, Anne Marie; Damkjær, Karin; Beyer, Nina

    2008-01-01

    Objective: We tested the hypothesis that a multifaceted 11-wk intervention comprising nutrition, group exercise, and oral care would have a significant influence on nutrition and function in elderly ( >= 65 y) nursing-home residents. Methods: The study was an 11-wk randomized controlled...... intervention study with nutrition (chocolate and homemade oral supplements), group exercise twice a week (45-60 min, moderate intensity), and oral care intervention one to two times a week, with the aim of improving nutritional status and function in elderly nursing-home residents. A follow-up visit was made 4...... mo after the end of the intervention. Assessments were weight, body mass index, dietary intake, handgrip strength, Senior Fitness Test, Berg's Balance Scale, and the prevalence of plaque. Results: A total of 121 subjects (61%) accepted the invitation and 62 were randomized to the intervention group...

  20. Antimicrobial and nutritional interventions in early life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Michael Ladegaard

    Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common gastrointestinal disorder in premature newborn infants, yet there is still no well-established prevention strategy or treatment for this disease. The pathogenesis of NEC remains to be fully elucidated; however, prematurity, enteral nutrition...... with regard to challenge dose and supportive nutrition was done and presented in Paper IV....

  1. Malnourished patients on hemodialysis improve after receiving a nutritional intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adaiane Calegari

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is multifactorial and may be modified by nutritional intervention. We aimed to assess the impact of an intervention on the nutritional status of malnourished hemodialysis patients and their acceptance of a non-industrialized nutritional supplement. METHODS: 18 patients were studied, they were selected from a previous nutritional assessment where nutritional risk was defined as: subjective global assessment > 15 plus one criterion for malnutrition. The following variables were assessed: anthropometric parameters, subjective global assessment, dietary intake, six-minute walking test, quality of life (SF-36, and biochemical tests. Patients were randomized to either Control or Intervention Groups. The Intervention Group received a dietetic supplement during dialysis containing 355 kcal, prepared from simple ingredients. After three months, subjects from the Control Group and other patients also considered at nutritional risk underwent the same intervention. The study groups were compared after three months, and all patients were analyzed before and after the intervention. RESULTS: Fifteen men and three women, aged 56.4 ± 15.6 years-old, nine in each group, were studied. The Intervention Group showed an improvement in the subjective global assessment (p = 0.04. There were differences in role physical and bodily pain domains of SF-36, with improvement in the Intervention Group and worsening in the Control Group (p = 0.034 and p = 0.021. Comparisons before and after intervention for all patients showed improvement in the subjective global assessment (16.18 ± 4.27 versus 14.37 ± 4.20, p = 0.04, and in the six-minute walking test (496.60 ± 132.59 versus 547.80 ± 132.48 m; p = 0.036. The nutritional supplement was well tolerated by all patients, and it did not cause side effects. CONCLUSIONS: The nutritional intervention improved the subjective global assessment and quality of life of hemodialysis patients at short-term. A

  2. Nutrition intervention in the critically ill cardiothoracic patient.

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    Cresci, Gail; Hummell, A Christine; Raheem, Sulieman Abdal; Cole, Denise

    2012-06-01

    Despite acute myocardial infarction and cardiac surgery accounting for 2 of the most common reasons patients are admitted to the intensive care unit, little attention and investigation have been directed specifically for these patients. This patient population therefore deserves special attention as they are often malnourished but require emergent interventions, making nutrition intervention challenging. This article reviews current medical interventions implemented in critically ill cardiothoracic patients and discusses evidence-based nutrition therapy, including enteral and parenteral feeding, glycemic control, and antioxidant provision. PMID:22516943

  3. Effects of Nutrition Health Intervention on Pupils' Nutrition Knowledge and Eating Habits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raiha, Teija; Tossavainen, Kerttu; Turunen, Hannele; Enkenberg, Jorma; Kiviniemi, Vesa

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effects of nutrition health intervention on pupils' nutrition knowledge and eating habits from grade seven to grade nine. The study was part of the ENHPS (since 2008, Schools for Health in Europe (SHE)) program in Finland, and more specifically its sub-project titled "From Puijo to the World…

  4. Health Economics of Nutrition Intervention in Asia: Cost of Malnutrition.

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    Mizumoto, Kaori; Murakami, Genki; Oshidari, Kenro; Trisnantoro, Laksono; Yoshiike, Nobuo

    2015-01-01

    Asia has recorded the fastest economic growth in the world. However, some countries are still struggling with economic stagnation and poverty. Even in the emerging countries, there are economic disparities between urban and rural areas within a country. Reflecting the situations, nutritional issues in Asia came to be the antithetical situation of excess and insufficiency. The rate of overweight and obesity keeps increasing, especially in emerging countries. Meanwhile, underweight is still a critical problem in the region. Although the importance of nutrition is well recognized for social and economic development, it is difficult to identify the immediate outcome of nutrition interventions. Evidence-based decision-making is an important element of quality health care and efficiency and effectiveness are always key words. Along with enhanced attention to accountability and transparency of budget use in health services, attention to the economic evaluation of nutrition interventions has increased in recent years. In this symposium, we will review the current situation of nutritional issues and economic evaluation of nutrition interventions in Asia through experience of an international organization, the basis and trends for health care economics, and also efforts have been made in an Asian country. Discussion will be made about efficient and effective ways to evaluate projects/programmes for nutrition improvement. PMID:26598883

  5. Nutrition Intervention Trials in Linxian, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randomized controlled trials were launched in 1985 to test the effects of multiple vitamin and mineral interventions on total mortality and total and cause-specific cancer mortality in a rural Chinese population

  6. Effect of Digital Nutrition Education Intervention on the Nutritional Knowledge Levels of Information Technology Professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Priya; Rani, M Usha

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the changes in knowledge of information technology (IT) professionals after receiving a nutrition education intervention for a month. The sample comprised of 40 IT professionals (29 males and 11 females). The sample was drawn from four IT companies of Hyderabad city using random sampling techniques. The data on the general information of the subjects was collected. The data regarding the commonly accessed sources of nutrition and health information by the subjects was also obtained from the study. The intervention study group received nutrition education by distribution of the developed CD-ROMs to them followed by interactive sessions. To assess the impact of nutrition education intervention, the knowledge assessment questionnaire (KAQ) was developed and administered before and after the education programme. A significant improvement in the mean nutritional knowledge scores was observed among the total study subjects from 22.30 to 40.55 after the intervention (p educated groups on nutrition, physical activity and overall health education to improve their health, lifestyle and eating habits. PMID:27454492

  7. Effect of Digital Nutrition Education Intervention on the Nutritional Knowledge Levels of Information Technology Professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Priya; Rani, M Usha

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the changes in knowledge of information technology (IT) professionals after receiving a nutrition education intervention for a month. The sample comprised of 40 IT professionals (29 males and 11 females). The sample was drawn from four IT companies of Hyderabad city using random sampling techniques. The data on the general information of the subjects was collected. The data regarding the commonly accessed sources of nutrition and health information by the subjects was also obtained from the study. The intervention study group received nutrition education by distribution of the developed CD-ROMs to them followed by interactive sessions. To assess the impact of nutrition education intervention, the knowledge assessment questionnaire (KAQ) was developed and administered before and after the education programme. A significant improvement in the mean nutritional knowledge scores was observed among the total study subjects from 22.30 to 40.55 after the intervention (p educated groups on nutrition, physical activity and overall health education to improve their health, lifestyle and eating habits.

  8. Nutrition interventions in patients with Crohn´s disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Beňová

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Crohn's disease is a chronic non-specific inflammatory bowel disease of any part of the digestive tract. The seriousness of the disease requires a multi-disciplinary approach when providing patients with secondary and tertiary care. Patients also have specific problems from the nursing perspective that require intervention of nurses, e.g. in the area of nutrition. The role of a nurse in a specific community lies in supporting public health in the field of prevention, health education, group educational activities and care of the acutely or chronically ill. The regulation tool of nursing practice when providing community care is the documented form of nursing data expressed by means of expert terminology. The Omaha System is a standardised terminology for multi-disciplinary teams providing community care. The objective of the research is to draw attention to the possibility of using standardised terminology of the Omaha System when supporting public health in patients with Crohn's disease with nutrition problems. The research was divided into 3 stages: in the first stage we assessed the nutrition problem in 100 patients dispensarised in gastroenterology counselling centres using a form from the Omaha System. Out of these, identified 42 patients suffered from Crohn's disease and had problems with nutrition; in the second stage we chose interventions for nutrition from the Intervention Scheme of the Omaha System: their efficiency in patients was assessed by a nurse/nutritionist in the third stage of the research when the patients came to the gastroenterology counselling centre using Problem Rating Scale for Outcomes. When comparing the initial and final nutrition assessment with socio-demographic indicators we found a statistically significant difference (p = 0.000 between the status assessment where women scored a more remarkable advance than men when comparing the initial and the final assessment. With respect to age groups, education and jobs

  9. Theory, evidence and Intervention Mapping to improve behavior nutrition and physical activity interventions

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira Isabel; Oenema Anke; Brug Johannes

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Background The present paper intends to contribute to the debate on the usefulness and barriers in applying theories in diet and physical activity behavior-change interventions. Discussion Since behavior theory is a reflection of the compiled evidence of behavior research, theory is the only foothold we have for the development of behavioral nutrition and physical activity interventions. Application of theory should improve the effectiveness of interventions. However, some of the the...

  10. Can worksite nutritional interventions improve productivity and firm profitability?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jørgen Dejgård

    2011-01-01

    and clarity in definition of interventions, as well as environmental and outcome variables. Results: The search identified 2,358 publications, 30 of which were found suitable for the review. Several of the reviewed studies suggest that diet-related worksite interventions have positive impacts on employees...... controlled or quasi-experimental worksite intervention trials and observational cross-sectional studies. Studies were selected on the basis of topic relevance, according to publication title and subsequently according to abstract content. A quality appraisal of the studies was based on study design......’ nutritional knowledge, food intake and health and on the firm’s profitability, mainly in terms of reduced absenteeism and presenteeism. Conclusions: Well-targeted and efficiently implemented diet-related worksite health promotion interventions may improve labour productivity by 1%–2%. On larger worksites...

  11. Assessing Interventions: IAEA Technical Cooperation Enhances Nutrition Programmes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Malnutrition — in all its forms — is a significant development challenge, affecting childhood health, workplace productivity, and national health programmes in countries around the world. While the effects of undernutrition are well recognized, there is less recognition of the fact that the long term impact of obesity or inappropriate nutrition can also be very damaging to health and to national economies. Increasingly, countries around the world are taking action to implement nutritional or physical activity interventions designed to improve the future health of children, as well as the health of their populations in general. Such interventions may include the promotion of exclusive breastfeeding, school breakfast or lunch programmes, nutrition awareness campaigns, food fortification, and investment in sports activities and facilities. The IAEA, through its Technical Cooperation (TC) programme, is working with its Member States to help them to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of such intervention programmes, in order to ensure that government efforts are having the desired effect, and that resources are being well applied. For such assessments, reliable data are essential, and it is here that nuclear science and technology come into play

  12. Malnutrition, cachexia and nutritional intervention: when much becomes too much

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serena Rianda

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Disease-associated malnutrition, also defined as cachexia, is a complex syndrome characterised by the progressive deterioration of nutritional status resulting from the combined effects of reduced appetite and food intake, and profound changes in host metabolism. Cachexia has been repeatedly demonstrated to represent a negative prognostic factor for patients suffering from acute and chronic diseases, including cancer. In oncology patients, early diagnosis of cachexia and timely nutritional intervention have been demonstrated not only to prevent further deterioration of nutritional status, but also to increase quality of life and survival when integrated in a multiprofessional and multidisciplinary approach. However, nutritional therapy is associated to the possible development of complications, which may be fatal. Therefore, nutritional therapy in severely malnourished patients should be cautiously prescribed by experts in the field, who should develop a monitoring program to early detect complications and to maximise the clinical efficacy.Here we describe a cancer patient affected by refeeding syndrome, who was fortunately early diagnosed and properly treated.

  13. Nutrition Risk in Home-Bound Older Adults: Using Dietician-Trained and Supervised Nutrition Volunteers for Screening and Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laforest, Sophie; Goldin, Benita; Nour, Kareen; Roy, Marie-Andree; Payette, Helene

    2007-01-01

    Nutrition screening and early intervention in home-bound older adults are key to preventing unfavourable health outcomes and functional decline. This pilot study's objectives were (a) to test the reliability of the Elderly Nutrition Screening Tool (ENS [C]) when administered by dietician-trained and supervised nutrition volunteers, and (b) to…

  14. Effect of Nutrition Intervention Using a General Nutrition Course for Promoting Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ha, Eun-Jeong; Caine-Bish, Natalie

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of implementing nutrition intervention using a general nutrition class to promote consumption of fruits and vegetables in college students. Design: 3-day food records were collected, verified, and analyzed before and after the intervention. Setting: A midwestern university. Participants: 80 college…

  15. Nutritional intervention using nutrition care process in a malnourished patient with chemotherapy side effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hye-Ok; Lee, Jung-Joo

    2015-01-01

    In this case study, the process of nutritional diagnosis and intervention conducted at a hospital on a malnourished patient who underwent treatment for a chronic illness (chemotherapy for cancer treatment) was recorded. The patient received his first round of chemotherapy for colorectal cancer, and then a second round after the cancer metastasized to the liver. The patient was malnourished and had experienced weight loss (17% loss in the most recent 3 months) due to side effects of chemotherapy including stomatitis, nausea, and vomiting. Nutritional diagnosis and intervention via the nutrition care process were implemented through two screening rounds, and the quantity of oral intake increased from 28% to 62% of the recommended daily intake. The patient required continuous monitoring and outpatient care after hospital discharge. It is speculated that if a more active patient education and dietary regimen with respect to chemotherapy side effects had been offered after the patient's first chemotherapy cycle, it might have been possible to treat ingestion problems due to stomatitis during the second cycle of chemotherapy and prevent the weight loss. Henceforth, patients receiving chemotherapy should be educated about nutrition management methods and monitored continuously to prevent malnutrition.

  16. The application of near infrared spectroscopy in nutritional intervention studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippa A Jackson

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Functional near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS is a non-invasive optical imaging technique used to monitor cerebral blood flow (CBF and by proxy neuronal activation. The use of NIRS in nutritional intervention studies is a relatively novel application of this technique, with only a small, but growing, number of trials published to date. These trials—in which the effects on CBF following administration of dietary components such as caffeine, polyphenols and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are assessed—have successfully demonstrated NIRS as a sensitive measure of change in haemodynamic response during cognitive tasks in both acute and chronic treatment intervention paradigms. The existent research in this area has been limited by the constraints of the technique itself however advancements in the measurement technology, paired with studies endeavouring increased sophistication in number and locations of channels over the head should render the use of NIRS in nutritional interventions particularly valuable in advancing our understanding of the effects of nutrients and dietary components on the brain.

  17. Exercise and nutritional interventions for improving aging muscle health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbes, Scott C; Little, Jonathan P; Candow, Darren G

    2012-08-01

    Skeletal muscle mass declines with age (i.e., sarcopenia) resulting in muscle weakness and functional limitations. Sarcopenia has been associated with physiological changes in muscle morphology, protein and hormonal kinetics, insulin resistance, inflammation, and oxidative stress. The purpose of this review is to highlight how exercise and nutritional intervention strategies may benefit aging muscle. It is well known that resistance exercise training increases muscle strength and size and evidence also suggests that resistance training can increase mitochondrial content and decrease oxidative stress in older adults. Recent findings suggest that fast-velocity resistance exercise may be an effective intervention for older adults to enhance muscle power and functional capacity. Aerobic exercise training may also benefit aging skeletal muscle by enhancing mitochondrial bioenergetics, improving insulin sensitivity, and/or decreasing oxidative stress. In addition to exercise, creatine monohydrate, milk-based proteins, and essential fatty acids all have biological effects which could enhance some of the physiological adaptations from exercise training in older adults. Additional research is needed to determine whether skeletal muscle adaptations to increased activity in older adults are further enhanced with effective nutritional interventions and whether this is due to enhanced muscle protein synthesis, improved mitochondrial function, and/or a reduced inflammatory response. PMID:22527891

  18. Theory, evidence and Intervention Mapping to improve behavior nutrition and physical activity interventions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferreira Isabel

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The present paper intends to contribute to the debate on the usefulness and barriers in applying theories in diet and physical activity behavior-change interventions. Discussion Since behavior theory is a reflection of the compiled evidence of behavior research, theory is the only foothold we have for the development of behavioral nutrition and physical activity interventions. Application of theory should improve the effectiveness of interventions. However, some of the theories we use lack a strong empirical foundation, and the available theories are not always used in the most effective way. Furthermore, many of the commonly-used theories provide at best information on what needs to be changed to promote healthy behavior, but not on how changes can be induced. Finally, many theories explain behavioral intentions or motivation rather well, but are less well-suited to explaining or predicting actual behavior or behavior change. For more effective interventions, behavior change theory needs to be further developed in stronger research designs and such change-theory should especially focus on how to promote action rather than mere motivation. Since voluntary behavior change requires motivation, ability as well as the opportunity to change, further development of behavior change theory should incorporate environmental change strategies. Conclusion Intervention Mapping may help to further improve the application of theories in nutrition and physical activity behavior change.

  19. Nutritional decline in cystic fibrosis related diabetes: the effect of intensive nutritional intervention.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    White, H

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: Reports indicate that nutritional and respiratory decline occur up to four years prior to diagnosis of cystic fibrosis related diabetes (CFRD). Our aim was to establish whether intensive nutritional intervention prevents pre-diabetic nutritional decline in an adult population with CFRD. METHODS: 48 adult patients with CFRD were matched to 48 controls with CF, for age, gender and lung pathogen status. Nutritional and other clinical indices were recorded at annual intervals from six years before until two years after diagnosis. Data were also analysed to examine the impact of early and late acquisition of CFRD. RESULTS: No important differences in weight, height, body mass index (BMI), lung function or intravenous treatment were found between groups in the six years prior to diagnosis, nor any significant deviation over time. In those who developed diabetes, use of overnight enteral tube feeding (ETF) was four times as likely at the time of diagnosis, compared to controls [ETF 43.8% (CFRD) v 18.8% (CF Controls), OR 4.0, CI 1.3 to 16.4, p=0.01]. Age at onset of CFRD played a significant role in determining the pre-diabetic clinical course. Younger diabetics with continued growth at study onset (n=17) had a lower BMI from 2 years prior to diagnosis compared to controls [BMI 18.9 kg\\/m(2) (CFRD) v 20.8 kg\\/m(2) (CF Controls), diff=1.9, CI -0.1 to 3.7 p=0.04]. The BMI of older diabetics (completed growth at study onset) was equal to that of controls throughout. CONCLUSION: Pre-diabetic nutritional decline is not inevitable in adults with CFRD, but is influenced by age of onset. In the group overall, those with CFRD are more likely to require ETF from 2 years prior to diagnosis. Despite intensive nutritional intervention, patients who continue to grow throughout the pre-diabetic years, show a level of nutritional decline absent in older adults.

  20. Nutrition and health education intervention for whole grain foods in the Georgia older Americans nutrition programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Jeanna; Johnson, Mary Ann; Fischer, Joan G; Hargrove, James L

    2005-01-01

    This study examined the effects of a nutrition education intervention on improving the intake and behaviors related to whole grain foods in congregate meal recipients in senior centers in north Georgia. Participants were a convenience sample and completed a pretest, an educational intervention, and a post-test (N = 84, mean age = 77 years, 88% female, 76% Caucasian, and 24% African American). At the pre-test, most participants agreed that eating more whole grain foods would help reduce their risk of cancer (69%), heart disease (76%), type 2 diabetes (65%), and bowel disorders (82%), but consumption of 11 whole grain foods was low (10.5 times/week). Following the intervention, participants were more likely to suggest one or more correct ways to identify whole grain foods (45 vs. 62%, P< or = 0.05), and to report an increased intake of whole grain bread, cereal, and crackers (5.8 vs. 6.9 times/week, P < or = 0.05). While awareness of the health benefits of whole grain foods was high, the intakes were low. As a first step, this intervention improved several aspects of the consumption of whole grain foods; however, additional interventions that target the individual and the congregate meal program are needed to increase intakes to the recommended three servings daily.

  1. Effectiveness of Nutrition Education vs. Non-Nutrition Education Intervention in Improving Awareness Pertaining Iron Deficiency among Anemic Adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Hafzan Yusoff; Wan Nudri Wan Daud; Zulkifli Ahmad

    2013-01-01

    Background This study was carried out to compare the effect between nutrition education intervention and non-nutrition education intervention on awareness regarding iron deficiency among schooling adolescents in Tanah Merah, one of rural district in Kelantan, Malaysia. Methods: This study which was started in year 2010 involved 280 respondents (223 girls, 57 boys, age: 16 yr) from schools in Tanah Merah. The selection criteria were based on hemoglobin level (Hb = 7 – 11.9 g/dL for girls; Hb =...

  2. The Personal Nutrition Planner: A 5-Week, Computer-Tailored Intervention for Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mouttapa, Michele; Robertson, Trina P.; McEligot, Archana J.; Weiss, Jie W.; Hoolihan, Lori; Ora, Ann; Trinh, Linda

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To conduct a dietary intervention using the Personal Nutrition Planner (PNP), an on-line nutrition intervention tool. Design: Randomized controlled trial with pretest, posttest, and 2-month follow-up self-report assessments. Setting: Web/on-line. Participants: Female university staff (n = 307; 59.1% Caucasian) recruited via e-mail.…

  3. Rationale and clinical data supporting nutritional intervention in Alzheimer's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engelborghs, S; Gilles, C; Ivanoiu, A; Vandewoude, M

    2014-01-01

    Adequate nutrition plays an important role in the maintenance of cognitive function, particularly during aging. Malnutrition is amongst the risk factors for developing mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Epidemiological studies have associated deficiencies in some nutrients with a higher risk of cognitive dysfunction and/or AD. Cognitive decline in AD is correlated with synaptic loss and many of the components required to maintain optimal synaptic function are derived from dietary sources. As synapses are part of the neuronal membrane and are continuously being remodelled, the availability of sufficient levels of nutritional precursors (mainly uridine monophosphate, choline and omega-3 fatty acids) to make the phospholipids required to build neuronal membranes may have beneficial effects on synaptic degeneration in AD. In addition, B-vitamins, phospholipids and other micronutrients act as cofactors to enhance the supply of precursors required to make neuronal membranes and synapses. Despite this, no randomized controlled trial has hitherto provided evidence that any single nutrient has a beneficial effect on cognition or lowers the risk for AD. However, a multi-target approach using combinations of (micro)nutrients might have beneficial effects on cognitive function in neurodegenerative brain disorders like AD leading to synaptic degeneration. Here we review the clinical evidence for supplementation, based on a multi-target approach with a focus on key nutrients with a proposed role in synaptic dysfunction. Based on preclinical evidence, a nutrient mixture, Souvenaid(®) (Nutricia N.V., Zoetermeer, The Netherlands) was developed. Clinical trials with Souvenaid(®) have shown improved memory performance in patients with mild AD. Further clinical trials to evaluate the effects of nutritional intervention in MCI and early dementia due to AD are on-going. PMID:24635394

  4. Evaluation of a novel nutrition education intervention for medical students from across England

    OpenAIRE

    Ray, Sumantra; Udumyan, Ruzan; Rajput-Ray, Minha; Thompson, Ben; Lodge, Keri-Michele; Douglas, Pauline; Sharma, Poonam; Broughton, Rachel; Smart, Sandra; Wilson, Rick; Gillam, Stephen; van der Es, Mike J; Fisher, Ilana; Gandy, Joan

    2012-01-01

    Objectives Problems such as hospital malnutrition (∼40% prevalence in the UK) may be managed better by improving the nutrition education of ‘tomorrow's doctors’. The Need for Nutrition Education Programme aimed to measure the effectiveness and acceptability of an educational intervention on nutrition for medical students in the clinical phase of their training. Design An educational needs analysis was followed by a consultative process to gain consensus on a suitable educational intervention....

  5. Utility of imaging for nutritional intervention studies in Alzheimer's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Wilde, Martijn C; Kamphuis, Patrick J G H; Sijben, John W C; Scheltens, Phillip

    2011-09-01

    Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a multi-factorial neurodegenerative disorder and the leading cause of dementia, wherein synapse loss is the strongest structural correlate with cognitive impairment. Basic research has shown that dietary supply of precursors and co-factors for synthesis of neuronal membranes enhances the formation of synapses. Daily intake of a medical food containing a mix of these nutrients for 12 weeks in humans improved memory, measured as immediate and delayed verbal recall by the Wechsler Memory Scale-revised, in patients with very mild AD (MMSE 24-26). An improvement of immediate verbal recall was noted following 24 weeks of intervention in an exploratory extension of the study. These data suggest that the intervention may improve synaptic formation and function in early AD. Here we review emerging technologies that help identify changes in pathological hallmarks in AD, including synaptic function and loss of connectivity in the early stages of AD, before cognitive and behavioural symptoms are observable. These techniques include the detection of specific biomarkers in the cerebrospinal fluid, as well as imaging procedures such as fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), amyloid PET, structural/functional magnetic resonance imaging, diffusion tensor imaging, magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG). Such techniques can provide new insights into the functional and structural changes in the brain over time, and may therefore help to develop more effective AD therapies. In particular, nutritional intervention studies that target synapse formation and function may benefit from these techniques, especially FDG-PET and EEG/MEG employed in the preclinical or early stages of the disease. PMID:21816137

  6. Effect of a Nutritional Intervention in Athlete's Body Composition, Eating Behaviour and Nutritional Knowledge: A Comparison between Adults and Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nascimento, Marcus; Silva, Danielle; Ribeiro, Sandra; Nunes, Marco; Almeida, Marcos; Mendes-Netto, Raquel

    2016-09-07

    The objective of the present study is to evaluate and compare the effect of a nutritional intervention between adolescent and adult. In a before and after quasi-experimental clinical study, 32 athletes (21 adults, age range 20-32 years; 11 adolescents, age range: 12-19 years) participated in a nutritional counselling consisting of four consultations separated by an interval of 45 to 60 days. The athlete's eating behaviour, body composition and nutrition knowledge were evaluated at the beginning and at the end of the protocol. Both groups increased lean body mass and nutritional knowledge. Adolescents increased their mid-arm muscle circumference and improved meal frequency, and daily water intake. Athletes of both groups improved their ingestion of vegetables and fruits and decreased the ingestion of sweets and oils. Adolescents showed a higher prevalence of individuals that remained within or approached to the recommendations of sweets. This is the first study to evaluate and compare the effect of a nutritional intervention between adolescent and adult athletes body composition, eating behaviour and nutritional knowledge. The nutritional counselling has been effective in promoting beneficial changes on the athlete's eating behaviour, nutritional knowledge and body composition, however, some healthy changes were only experienced by adolescents, especially in the frequency of meals and the intake of sweets.

  7. Impact of nutritional interventions on food consumption pattern changes of workers and staff

    OpenAIRE

    Maryam Boshtam; Karim Zare; Shahriar Sadeghi; Firozeh Sajadi; Shahnaz Shahrokhi; Mansoreh Boshtam; Abdoreza Parsa

    2011-01-01

    Background: Worksite Intervention Project from Isfahan Healthy Heart Program aiming at modifying life style of workers and staff in Isfahan and Najafabad (intervention areas), and Arak (reference area) carried out for 5 years. Nutritional interventions are one of the interventions of this project. This research aiming at studying the effect of these interventions on food consumption pattern changes carried out in workers and staff of Isfahan and Najafabad. Materials and Method: Food consump...

  8. Demonstration of an E-mailed Worksite Nutrition Intervention Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladys Block

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Dietary fat and low fruit and vegetable intake are linked to many chronic diseases, and U.S. population intake does not meet recommendations. Interventions are needed that incorporate effective behavior-change principles and that can be delivered inexpensively to large segments of the population. Methods Employees at a corporate worksite were invited to participate in a program, delivered entirely by e-mail, to reduce dietary fat and increase fruit and vegetable intake. Behavior-change principles underlying the intervention included tailoring to the participant’s dietary lifestyle, baseline assessment and feedback about dietary intake, family participation, and goal setting. Assessment, tailoring, and delivery was fully automated. The program was delivered weekly to participants’ e-mail inboxes for 12 weeks. Each e-mail included information on nutrition or on the relationship between diet and health, dietary tips tailored to the individual, and small goals to try for the next week. In this nonrandomized pilot study, we assessed technical feasibility, acceptability to employees, improvement in Stage of Change, increase in fruit and vegetable consumption, and decrease in fat intake. Results Approximately one third (n = 84 of employees who were offered the 12-week program signed up for it, and satisfaction was high. There was significant improvement in Stage of Change: 74% of those not already at the top had forward movement (P < .001. In addition, results suggest significant increase in fruit and vegetable consumption (0.73 times/day, P < .001 and significant decrease in intake of fat sources (-0.39 times/day, P < .001. Conclusion This inexpensive program is feasible and appears to be effective. A randomized controlled trial is needed.

  9. Nutritional intervention in pressure ulcer guidelines: an inventory.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schols, J.M.G.A.; Jager van der Ende, M.A. de

    2004-01-01

    Nutritional data from the literature and the high prevalence of malnutrition in patients at risk of pressure ulcers (PUs) or with established PU mandate structural nutritional actions in these patients. Guidelines can help to improve nutritional alertness in professionals and promote structural nutr

  10. Health Blief Model-based intervention to improve nutritional behavior among elderly women

    OpenAIRE

    Iranagh, Jamileh Amirzadeh; Rahman, Hejar Abdul; Motalebi, Seyedeh Ameneh

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Nutrition is a determinant factor of health in elderly people. Independent living in elderly people can be maintained or enhanced by improvement of nutritional behavior. Hence, the present study was conducted to determine the impact of Health Belief Model (HBM)-based intervention on the nutritional behavior of elderly women. SUBJECTS/METHODS Cluster-random sampling was used to assess the sample of this clinical trial study. The participants of this study attended a 12-we...

  11. Nutrition Education Research Brief: Message Framing, Use of Interactive Technology to Tailor Messages, and Intervention Intensity

    OpenAIRE

    Mary Kay Fox; Charlotte Hanson; Ronette Briefel

    2007-01-01

    This research brief is intended to assist nutrition educators in assessing whether specific characteristics of nutrition messages promote desired dietary behavior changes. Based on a computerized literature search targeting peer-reviewed journal articles, it highlights three topics pertinent to the design of nutrition education programs—message framing, use of interactive technology to tailor messages, and intervention intensity. While some promising results were found to be associated with...

  12. A review of nutritional intervention on delayed onset muscle soreness. Part I

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Jooyoung; Lee, Joohyung

    2014-01-01

    This review is focused on the effect of nutritional intervention on delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) that occurs after exercise. In general, high force eccentric contractions and/or unaccustomed exercise result in DOMS attributed to reduction in performance such as muscle strength and range of motion (ROM) for both athletes and non-athletes. Nutritional intervention is one of the preventive or therapeutic ways to reduce DOMS. Previous research studies have suggested the following nutritio...

  13. Effect of nutritional intervention on weight multidisciplinary ambulatory patients

    OpenAIRE

    María Luisa Fallas

    2012-01-01

    This retrospective descriptive study is based on statistical data generated in the outpatient nutritional support of Dr. RA Calderon Guardia Hospital. Educate the patient and their family. Further, the nutritional plans and nutritional supplementation given by the multidisciplinary group shows a weight gain of 74% of the study group. The sample population was 156 patients who presented during calendar 2011. The population consisted of 100 patients who had at least 2 evaluations in 2011. The a...

  14. Behavioral Nutrition Interventions Using e- and m-Health Communication Technologies: A Narrative Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Christine M

    2016-07-17

    e- and m-Health communication technologies are now common approaches to improving population health. The efficacy of behavioral nutrition interventions using e-health technologies to decrease fat intake and increase fruit and vegetable intake was demonstrated in studies conducted from 2005 to 2009, with approximately 75% of trials showing positive effects. By 2010, an increasing number of behavioral nutrition interventions were focusing on body weight. The early emphasis on interventions that were highly computer tailored shifted to personalized electronic interventions that included weight and behavioral self-monitoring as key features. More diverse target audiences began to participate, and mobile components were added to interventions. Little progress has been made on using objective measures rather than self-reported measures of dietary behavior. A challenge for nutritionists is to link with the private sector in the design, use, and evaluation of the many electronic devices that are now available in the marketplace for nutrition monitoring and behavioral change. PMID:27022772

  15. Nutrition Education among Low-Income Older Adults: A Randomized Intervention Trial in Congregate Nutrition Sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Roger E.; Ash, Sarah L.; McClelland, Jacquelyn W.

    2006-01-01

    Nutritional well-being among older adults is critical for maintaining health, increasing longevity, and decreasing the impact of chronic illness. However, few well-controlled studies have examined nutritional behavior change among low-income older adults. A prospective, controlled, randomized design examined a five session nutrition education…

  16. The Efficacy of Oral Nutritional Intervention in Malnourished Cancer Patients: a Systemic Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Cancer is currently a leading cause of deaths worldwide and the number of new cases is growing rapidly in both, developed and developing countries. Nutritional management during and after cancer treatment affects treatment efficacy and patient quality of life (QOL). This review systemically examined the effect of oral nutritional interventions on nutritional and clinical outcomes in cancer patients. We especially focused on outcomes such as nutritional status indices, immune-associated biochemical markers, and QOL assessments to provide insights on the applicability of different outcomes. A total of 28 papers were selected for systematic review. The nutritional composition of oral nutritional supplements (ONS), outcome measures, and efficacy of the oral nutritional interventions were summarized and discussed. Most ONS contain 1 or more functional components in addition to basic nutrients. Each study used various outcome measures and significant efficacy was observed for a limited number of measures. Nutritional status indices, QOL measures, and the duration of hospital stay improved in about 40% of the studies. One or more markers of immune function and inflammatory responses were improved by ONS in 65% of the selected studies. These results suggest that appropriate use of ONS may be an ideal way to improve treatment efficacy; however, additional intervention trials are required to confirm these findings. PMID:27812512

  17. Economic analysis of nutrition interventions for chronic disease prevention: methods, research, and policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, John B; Coates, Paul M; Russell, Robert M; Dwyer, Johanna T; Schuttinga, James A; Bowman, Barbara A; Peterson, Sarah A

    2011-09-01

    Increased interest in the potential societal benefit of incorporating health economics as a part of clinical translational science, particularly nutrition interventions, led the Office of Dietary Supplements at the National Institutes of Health to sponsor a conference to address key questions about the economic analysis of nutrition interventions to enhance communication among health economic methodologists, researchers, reimbursement policy makers, and regulators. Issues discussed included the state of the science, such as what health economic methods are currently used to judge the burden of illness, interventions, or healthcare policies, and what new research methodologies are available or needed to address knowledge and methodological gaps or barriers. Research applications included existing evidence-based health economic research activities in nutrition that are ongoing or planned at federal agencies. International and US regulatory, policy, and clinical practice perspectives included a discussion of how research results can help regulators and policy makers within government make nutrition policy decisions, and how economics affects clinical guideline development.

  18. Community capacity for sustainability of nutrition and physical activity interventions in small, rural communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rural communities would seem to present a challenge for sustainability of interventions because of resource limitations. This session will examine ways in which capacity for sustainability has been emphasized as part of nutrition and physical activity interventions in three rural Mississippi River D...

  19. Physical Activity, Exercise, and Nutrition Interventions for Weight Control in African American Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asare, Matthew; Sharma, Manoj

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to review the physical activity, exercise, and nutrition related weight control interventions done with African American women that were published between 2006 and 2010 and suggest ways of enhancing these interventions. A total of 13 studies met the inclusion criteria. The review found significant results with regard…

  20. Pancreatic surgery: indications, complications, and implications for nutrition intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Amy J

    2013-06-01

    Pancreatic surgery is a complicated procedure leaving postoperative patients with an altered gastrointestinal (GI) anatomy and a potential for further surgical complications such as leaks and fistulas. Beyond surgical complications, these patients are prone to delayed gastric emptying, fat malabsorption, and hyperglycemia, with early satiety and poor appetite further compromising nutrition status. Many of these patients are malnourished prior to this major surgical procedure, and significant weight loss is common postoperatively. Does this affect their outcome? There seems to be a lack of consensus in this patient population regarding how to optimize nutrition and limit potential deleterious effects of this surgery. It is important to first understand the underlying disease condition and the effects to the gland, different forms of surgery with subsequent GI alterations, and common surgical and digestive complications. Once this is reviewed, existing nutrition support literature will be explored in attempts to determine the best nutrition management in this patient population. PMID:23609476

  1. A novel school-based intervention to improve nutrition knowledge in children: cluster randomised controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ong Ken K

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Improving nutrition knowledge among children may help them to make healthier food choices. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and acceptability of a novel educational intervention to increase nutrition knowledge among primary school children. Methods We developed a card game 'Top Grub' and a 'healthy eating' curriculum for use in primary schools. Thirty-eight state primary schools comprising 2519 children in years 5 and 6 (aged 9-11 years were recruited in a pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial. The main outcome measures were change in nutrition knowledge scores, attitudes to healthy eating and acceptability of the intervention by children and teachers. Results Twelve intervention and 13 control schools (comprising 1133 children completed the trial. The main reason for non-completion was time pressure of the school curriculum. Mean total nutrition knowledge score increased by 1.1 in intervention (baseline to follow-up: 28.3 to 29.2 and 0.3 in control schools (27.3 to 27.6. Total nutrition knowledge score at follow-up, adjusted for baseline score, deprivation, and school size, was higher in intervention than in control schools (mean difference = 1.1; 95% CI: 0.05 to 2.16; p = 0.042. At follow-up, more children in the intervention schools said they 'are currently eating a healthy diet' (39.6% or 'would try to eat a healthy diet' (35.7% than in control schools (34.4% and 31.7% respectively; chi-square test p Conclusions The 'Top Grub' card game facilitated the enjoyable delivery of nutrition education in a sample of UK primary school age children. Further studies should determine whether improvements in nutrition knowledge are sustained and lead to changes in dietary behaviour.

  2. Improving women's nutrition imperative for rapid reduction of childhood stunting in South Asia: coupling of nutrition specific interventions with nutrition sensitive measures essential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vir, Sheila C

    2016-05-01

    The implications of direct nutrition interventions on women's nutrition, birth outcome and stunting rates in children in South Asia are indisputable and well documented. In the last decade, a number of studies present evidence of the role of non-nutritional factors impacting on women's nutrition, birth outcome, caring practices and nutritional status of children. The implications of various dimensions of women's empowerment and gender inequality on child stunting is being increasingly recognised. Evidence reveals the crucial role of early age of marriage and conception, poor secondary education, domestic violence, inadequate decision-making power, poor control over resources, strenuous agriculture activities, and increasing employment of women and of interventions such as cash transfer scheme and microfinance programme on undernutrition in children. Analysis of the nutrition situation of women and children in South Asia and programme findings emphasise the significance of reaching women during adolescence, pre-conception and pregnancy stage. Ensuring women enter pregnancy with adequate height and weight and free from being anemic is crucial. Combining nutrition-specific interventions with measures for empowerment of women is essential. Improvement in dietary intake and health services of women, prevention of early age marriage and conception, completion of secondary education, enhancement in purchasing power of women, reduction of work drudgery and elimination of domestic violence deserve special attention. A range of programme platforms dealing with health, education and empowerment of women could be strategically used for effectively reaching women prior to and during pregnancy to accelerate reduction in stunting rates in children in South Asia. PMID:27187909

  3. Nutritional Interventions in Head and Neck Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemoradiotherapy: A Narrative Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurizio Bossola

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The present review aimed to define the role of nutritional interventions in the prevention and treatment of malnutrition in HNC patients undergoing CRT as well as their impact on CRT-related toxicity and survival. Head and neck cancer patients are frequently malnourished at the time of diagnosis and prior to the beginning of treatment. In addition, chemo-radiotherapy (CRT causes or exacerbates symptoms, such as alteration or loss of taste, mucositis, xerostomia, fatigue, nausea and vomiting, with consequent worsening of malnutrition. Nutritional counseling (NC and oral nutritional supplements (ONS should be used to increase dietary intake and to prevent therapy-associated weight loss and interruption of radiation therapy. If obstructing cancer and/or mucositis interfere with swallowing, enteral nutrition should be delivered by tube. However, it seems that there is not sufficient evidence to determine the optimal method of enteral feeding. Prophylactic feeding through nasogastric tube or percutaneous gastrostomy to prevent weight loss, reduce dehydration and hospitalizations, and avoid treatment breaks has become relatively common. Compared to reactive feeding (patients are supported with oral nutritional supplements and when it is impossible to maintain nutritional requirements enteral feeding via a NGT or PEG is started, prophylactic feeding does not offer advantages in terms of nutritional outcomes, interruptions of radiotherapy and survival. Overall, it seems that further adequate prospective, randomized studies are needed to define the better nutritional intervention in head and neck cancer patients undergoing chemoradiotherapy.

  4. Nutrition support and dietary interventions for patients with lung cancer: current insights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiss N

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Nicole Kiss1,2 1Nutrition and Speech Pathology Department, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, East Melbourne, VIC, Australia; 2Department of Cancer Experiences Research, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, East Melbourne, VIC, Australia Abstract: Malnutrition and weight loss are prevalent in patients with lung cancer. The impact of malnutrition on patients with cancer, and specifically in patients with lung cancer, has been demonstrated in a large number of studies. Malnutrition has been shown to negatively affect treatment completion, survival, quality of life, physical function, and health care costs. Emerging evidence is providing some insight into which lung cancer patients are at higher nutritional risk. In lung cancer patients treated with radiotherapy, stage III or more disease, treatment with concurrent chemotherapy and the extent of radiotherapy delivered to the esophagus appear to confer a higher risk of weight loss during and post-treatment. Studies investigating nutrition interventions for lung cancer patients have examined intensive dietary counseling, supplementation with fish oils, and interdisciplinary models of nutrition and exercise interventions and show promise for improved outcomes from these interventions. However, further research utilizing these interventions in large clinical trials is required to definitively establish effective interventions in this patient group. Keywords: lung cancer, nutrition, malnutrition

  5. Impact of nutritional interventions on food consumption pattern changes of workers and staff

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Boshtam

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Worksite Intervention Project from Isfahan Healthy Heart Program aiming at modifying life style of workers and staff in Isfahan and Najafabad (intervention areas, and Arak (reference area carried out for 5 years. Nutritional interventions are one of the interventions of this project. This research aiming at studying the effect of these interventions on food consumption pattern changes carried out in workers and staff of Isfahan and Najafabad. Materials and Method: Food consumption pattern by food frequency questionnaire and demographic information of this group were collected before, after and annually during the intervention. Data were analyzed by Genera Linear Models (GLM, descriptive and trend analysis. Results: Beverage and hydrogenated oil consumption decreased and fruits and vegetables increased in workers and staff of intervention area more than reference area (p0.27. Compare to reference society fast food consumption in office staff of intervention society was increased (p<0.001.Conclusion: We conclude that nutritional interventions have favorite effects on practice of workers and staff of this Iranian population and interventions used in this study can use as applicable interventions for similar societies

  6. Rural nutrition interventions with indigenous plant foods - a case study of vitamin A deficiency in Malawi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babu S.C.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Identification, propagation, and introduction of a nutritionally rich, indigenous plant species in the existing cropping system are presented in this paper as a method of rural nutrition intervention. A case study of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam., Moringaceae, which is a common tree in Malawi and one of the richest sources of vitamin A and vitamin C compared to the commonly consumed vegetables is presented to address the problem of vitamin A deficiency. After a brief review of the prevalence of vitamin A deficiency and the efforts to reduce its incidence in Malawi, Moringa is suggested as a potential solution to the problem. A framework for designing nutrition intervention with Moringa is described for actual implementation. It is argued that attempts to identify, document, and encourage the utilization of nutrient-rich indigenous plants could be cost-effective, and a sustainable method of improving the nutritional status of local populations.

  7. [Hospital system for Continuous Education in Food And Nutrition: its place within a nutritional, food and metabolic intervention program].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santana Porbén, S; Barreto Penié, J

    2009-01-01

    A design proposal for a HCEFN Hospital Continuous Education in Feeding and Nutrition, along with the educational intervention model developed and conducted at the "Hermanos Ameijieras" Hospital (Havana City, Cuba), and some of the results obtained after its implementation between 1997-2004, are presented in this article. The System design should include three levels of different and increasing complexity, depending on the level of knowledge, capabilities and aptitudes exhibited by hospital actors. The described system should also accommodate inter- and intra-disciplinary forms of education, learning and training aimed not only to increase the proficiency of actors in the recognition and treatment of hospital malnutrition, but also to foster group performance. The operation of a HCEFN at the hospital of the authors's affiliation has showed the feasibility of conducting such educational interventions oriented to foster Good Practices for Feeding and Nutrition of the hospitalized patients.

  8. A novel school-based intervention to improve nutrition knowledge in children: cluster randomised controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Ong Ken K; Sharp Stephen J; Lakshman Rajalakshmi R; Forouhi Nita G

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Improving nutrition knowledge among children may help them to make healthier food choices. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and acceptability of a novel educational intervention to increase nutrition knowledge among primary school children. Methods We developed a card game 'Top Grub' and a 'healthy eating' curriculum for use in primary schools. Thirty-eight state primary schools comprising 2519 children in years 5 and 6 (aged 9-11 years) were recruited...

  9. Effects of Nutritional Intervention on Vitamins and Minerals Intake at Overweight and Obese Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Mihaela Posea; Andreea Dragomir; Emilia Rusu; Raluca Nan; Ramona Dragut; Horatiu Popescu; Florentina Stoicescu; Ileana Teodoru; Anca Hancu; Marilena Stoian; Gabriela Radulian

    2015-01-01

    Background and Aims- To evaluate the impact of nutritional intervention on vitamins and minerals from intake food and anthropometric parameters at overweight and obese patients. Material and methods- To a sample of 40 overweight and obese patients we evaluated the nutritional content of food intake (kilocalories, macro and micronutrients). We also measured anthropometric parameters like weight, body mass index, body fat, percent of body fat, abdominal circumference and arterial tension. Resul...

  10. Eat for health: a nutrition and cancer control supermarket intervention

    OpenAIRE

    Light, Luise; Tenney, Janet; Portnoy, Barry; Kessler, Larry; Rodgers, Anne Brown; Patterson, Blossom; Mathews, Odonna; Katz, Eileen; Blair, Joan E.; Evans, Shirley King; Tuckermanty, Elizabeth

    1989-01-01

    The growing evidence linking dietary patterns to the incidence and prevention of chronic disease has prompted a number of prominent health and scientific agencies to publish dietary guidelines for the public. Some dietary guidelines address specific diseases, such as cancer or heart disease; others focus on overall health promotion. This situation has created a demand for nutrition education and information programs for the public.

  11. Nutrition for homeless populations: shelters and soup kitchens as opportunities for intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koh, Katherine A; Bharel, Monica; Henderson, David C

    2016-05-01

    Nutrition is a daily challenge for the homeless population in America. Homeless individuals suffer from a high prevalence of diseases related to poor diet, yet there has been little public health effort to improve nutrition in this population. Shelters and soup kitchens may have an untapped potential to impact food access, choice and quality. We offer ideas for intervention and lessons learned from ten shelters and soup kitchens around Greater Boston, MA, USA. By advancing food quality, education and policies in shelters and soup kitchens, the homeless population can be given an opportunity to restore its nutrition and health. PMID:26434381

  12. The establishment of enteral nutrition with minimally-invasive interventional procedure under endoscopic or imaging guidance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For patients unable to get the necessary nutrition orally, a variety of techniques,including surgical way, to make gastrostomy with tube placement have been employed. For recent years, gastrostomy and tube placement with the help of endoscopic guidance or percutaneous interventional management has been developed, which is superior to surgical procedure in minimizing injuries, decreasing cost and reducing complications. In certain clinical situations, both endoscopic method and interventional method can be employed. This paper aims to make a comprehensive review of the indications, techniques and skills, advantages and disadvantages of both the endoscopy-guided and the imaging-guided percutaneous gastrojejunostomy for the establishment of enteral nutrition. (authors)

  13. Examining an Australian physical activity and nutrition intervention using RE-AIM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caperchione, Cristina M; Duncan, Mitch; Kolt, Gregory S; Vandelanotte, Corneel; Rosenkranz, Richard R; Maeder, Anthony; Noakes, Manny; Karunanithi, Mohan; Mummery, W Kerry

    2016-06-01

    Translating evidence-based interventions into community practice is vital to health promotion. This study used the RE-AIM framework to evaluate the larger dissemination of the ManUp intervention, an intervention which utilized interactive web-based technologies to improve the physical activity and nutrition behaviors of residents in Central Queensland, Australia. Data were collected for each RE-AIM measure (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance) using (i) computer-assisted telephone interview survey (N = 312) with adults (18 years and over) from Central Queensland, (ii) interviews with key stakeholders from local organizations (n = 12) and (iii) examination of project-related statistics and findings. In terms of Reach, 47% of participants were aware of the intervention; Effectiveness, there were no significant differences between physical activity and healthy nutrition levels in those aware and unaware; Adoption, 73 participants registered for the intervention and 25% of organizations adopted some part of the intervention; Implementation, 26% of participants initially logged onto the website, 29 and 17% started the web-based physical activity and nutrition challenges, 33% of organizations implemented the intervention, 42% considered implementation and 25% reported difficulties; Maintenance, an average of 0.57 logins and 1.35 entries per week during the 12 week dissemination and 0.27 logins and 0.63 entries per week during the 9-month follow-up were achieved, 22 and 0% of participants completed the web-based physical activity and nutrition challenges and 33.3% of organizations intended to continue utilizing components of the intervention. While this intervention demonstrated good reach, effectiveness, adoption and implementation warrant further investigation. PMID:25715801

  14. Integrating nutrition and child development interventions: scientific basis, evidence of impact, and implementation considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Maureen M; Pérez-Escamilla, Rafael; Rao, Sylvia Fernandez

    2015-11-01

    The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have contributed to unprecedented reductions in poverty and improvement in the lives of millions of men, women, and children in low- and middle-income countries. Yet, hundreds of millions of children under 5 y of age are not reaching their developmental potential. This article reviews the scientific basis for early childhood nutrition and child development interventions, the impact of integrated interventions on children's linear growth and cognitive development, and implementation strategies for integrated nutrition and child development programs. Advances in brain science have documented that the origins of adult health and well-being are grounded in early childhood, from conception through age 24 mo (first 1000 d) and extending to age 5 y (second 1000 d). Young children with adequate nutrition, nurturant caregiving, and opportunities for early learning have the best chances of thriving. Evidence from adoption, experimental, and quasi-experimental studies has shown that stunting prevention is sensitive during the first 1000 d, and sensitivity to child development interventions extends through the second 1000 d. Cognitive development responds to interventions post–1000 d with effect sizes that are inversely associated with initial age and length of program exposure. Integrated interventions need governance structures that support integrated policies and programming, with attention to training, supervision, and monitoring. The MDGs have been replaced by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), with targets for the next 15 y. Achievement of the SDGs depends on children receiving adequate nutrition, nurturant caregiving, and learning opportunities from conception through age 5.

  15. Integrating nutrition and child development interventions: scientific basis, evidence of impact, and implementation considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Maureen M; Pérez-Escamilla, Rafael; Rao, Sylvia Fernandez

    2015-11-01

    The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have contributed to unprecedented reductions in poverty and improvement in the lives of millions of men, women, and children in low- and middle-income countries. Yet, hundreds of millions of children under 5 y of age are not reaching their developmental potential. This article reviews the scientific basis for early childhood nutrition and child development interventions, the impact of integrated interventions on children's linear growth and cognitive development, and implementation strategies for integrated nutrition and child development programs. Advances in brain science have documented that the origins of adult health and well-being are grounded in early childhood, from conception through age 24 mo (first 1000 d) and extending to age 5 y (second 1000 d). Young children with adequate nutrition, nurturant caregiving, and opportunities for early learning have the best chances of thriving. Evidence from adoption, experimental, and quasi-experimental studies has shown that stunting prevention is sensitive during the first 1000 d, and sensitivity to child development interventions extends through the second 1000 d. Cognitive development responds to interventions post–1000 d with effect sizes that are inversely associated with initial age and length of program exposure. Integrated interventions need governance structures that support integrated policies and programming, with attention to training, supervision, and monitoring. The MDGs have been replaced by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), with targets for the next 15 y. Achievement of the SDGs depends on children receiving adequate nutrition, nurturant caregiving, and learning opportunities from conception through age 5. PMID:26875208

  16. Nutritional assessment and intervention in children with severe neurological disabilities

    OpenAIRE

    Bachlet, Allison M. E.

    2003-01-01

    Providing adequate nutrition to children with severe neurological disabilities is extremely difficult due to the high prevalence of oral-motor dysfunction in this group. Short stature and light weight for height are common in disabled children and undernutrition is believed to play a role in this poor growth. This programme of study investigated the effect of gastrostomy-tube feeding in disabled children with oral-motor dysfunction and evaluated the energy balance and body ...

  17. Nutrition education intervention for dependent patients: protocol of a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arija Victoria

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Malnutrition in dependent patients has a high prevalence and can influence the prognosis associated with diverse pathologic processes, decrease quality of life, and increase morbidity-mortality and hospital admissions. The aim of the study is to assess the effect of an educational intervention for caregivers on the nutritional status of dependent patients at risk of malnutrition. Methods/Design Intervention study with control group, randomly allocated, of 200 patients of the Home Care Program carried out in 8 Primary Care Centers (Spain. These patients are dependent and at risk of malnutrition, older than 65, and have caregivers. The socioeconomic and educational characteristics of the patient and the caregiver are recorded. On a schedule of 0–6–12 months, patients are evaluated as follows: Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA, food intake, dentures, degree of dependency (Barthel test, cognitive state (Pfeiffer test, mood status (Yesavage test, and anthropometric and serum parameters of nutritional status: albumin, prealbumin, transferrin, haemoglobin, lymphocyte count, iron, and ferritin. Prior to the intervention, the educational procedure and the design of educational material are standardized among nurses. The nurses conduct an initial session for caregivers and then monitor the education impact at home every month (4 visits up to 6 months. The North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA methodology will be used. The investigators will study the effect of the intervention with caregivers on the patient’s nutritional status using the MNA test, diet, anthropometry, and biochemical parameters. Bivariate normal test statistics and multivariate models will be created to adjust the effect of the intervention. The SPSS/PC program will be used for statistical analysis. Discussion The nutritional status of dependent patients has been little studied. This study allows us to know nutritional risk from different points of

  18. Fruit and Vegetable Intake: Benefits and Progress of Nutrition Education Interventions- Narrative Review Article

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhandevi PEM

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Sufficient intake of fruits and vegetables has been associated with a reduced risk of chronic diseases and body weight management but the exact mechanism is unknown. The World Health Organisation and Food and Agriculture of the United Nation reports recommend adults to consume at least five servings of fruits and vegetables per day excluding starchy vegetables. This review focuses on the importance of fruits and vegetables as well as the benefits and progress of nutrition education in improving intake.Methods: For this narrative review, more than 100 relevant scientific articles were considered from various databases (e.g Science Direct, Pub Med and Google Scholar using the keywords Fruit and vegetable, Nutrition education, Body weight, Obesity, Benefits and challenges.Results: Existing data suggests that despite the protective effects of fruits and vegetables, their intakes are still inadequate in many countries, especially developing ones. Consequently enhancing strategies to promote fruit and vegetable intake are essential for health promotion among population. A number of reviews confirm that a well planned and behaviour focused nutrition education intervention can significantly improve behaviour and health indicators.Conclusion: Despite challenges in nutrition education intervention programs, they are considered as a good investment in terms of cost benefit ratio. Rapid improvement in trends of nutrition education can be seen in many countries and majority of interventions has been successful in increasing fruits and vegetables intake. It is recommended that health professionals use multiple interventions to deliver information in several smaller doses over time to ensure improved outcomes. Keywords: Fruit and vegetable, Nutrition education intervention, Body weight, Obesity, Benefit and challenges.

  19. The impact of a nutritional intervention on the nutritional status and anthropometric profile of participants in the health Gym Programme in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Deus, Raquel Mendonça; Mingoti, Sueli Aparecida; Jaime, Patrícia Constante; Lopes, Aline Cristine Souza

    2015-06-01

    The objective of this study was to assess the impact of an intervention implemented under the Programa Academia da Saúde (Health Gym Programme) of Belo Horizonte, MG on the nutritional status and anthropometric profile of participants. Intervention study involving participants in the Health Gym Programme which encompasses group food and nutrition education activities over a period of 11 months combined with regular physical activity. Impact was assessed by comparing nutritional and anthropometric indicators in women participants who were divided into two groups according to their participation rate in the intervention. A total of 124 women were evaluated, results showed an increase in the number of daily meals (pGym Programme.

  20. Nine–month nutritional intervention improves restoration of menses in young female athletes and ballet dancers

    OpenAIRE

    Łagowska, Karolina; Kapczuk, Karina; Jeszka, Jan

    2014-01-01

    Background We hypothesized that an intervention designed to increase the energy and nutrient intake could serve as an efficacious method to restore normal menstrual functions in athletes and ballet dancers. Methods In this study, a 9-month nutritional intervention (NI) was conducted in 21 dancers and 31 athletes with menstrual disorders. Analyses of the body composition were performed, and the levels of LH, FSH, P, E2, TSH, T, PRL, SHBG, leptin, resting metabolic rate (RMR), energy and nutrie...

  1. Process evaluation results from the HEALTHY nutrition intervention to modify the total school food environment

    OpenAIRE

    Volpe, S. L.; Hall, W. J.; Steckler, A.; Schneider, M.; THOMPSON, D; Mobley, C; Pham, T.; El ghormli, L.

    2013-01-01

    The process evaluation of HEALTHY, a large multi-center trial to decrease type 2 diabetes mellitus in middle school children, monitored the implementation of the intervention to ascertain the extent that components were delivered and received as intended. The purpose of this article is to report the process evaluation findings concerning the extent to which the HEALTHY nutrition intervention was implemented during the HEALTHY trial.

  2. Systematic Literature Review of Randomized Control Trials Assessing the Effectiveness of Nutrition Interventions in Community-Dwelling Older Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bandayrel, Kristofer; Wong, Sharon

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Nutrition interventions may play an important role in maintaining the health and quality of life in community-dwelling older adults. To the authors' knowledge, no systematic literature review has been conducted on the effectiveness of nutrition interventions in the community-dwelling older adult population. Design: Systematic literature…

  3. Public intervention in food and nutrition in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitz, Bethsáida A S; Moreira, Emilia A M; Freitas, Maiara B de; Fiates, Giovanna M R; Gabriel, Cristine G; Fagundes, Regina L M

    2011-12-01

    In the last twenty years, the Brazilian government has created a number of income transfer programs for the poorest portion of the population to promote food and nutrition security and eradicate extreme poverty, hunger and malnutrition. These programs have achieved satisfactory results, which cannot, however, be attributed solely to the transference of income, as they involve other governmental public policies in health, education and basic sanitation, Combined, the aim of such public policies is to break patterns of the poverty across generations, thereby contributing to human development in the country.

  4. Physical Activity and Nutrition Health Promotion Interventions: What Is Working for People with Intellectual Disabilities?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heller, Tamar; McCubbin, Jeffrey A.; Drum, Charles; Peterson, Jana

    2011-01-01

    A scoping review of studies on physical activity and nutrition health promotion interventions for individuals with intellectual disabilities was conducted. Searches included MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL databases from 1986 through July 2006. The final number included 11 articles comprising 12 studies. Generally, this review indicated some…

  5. Effects of Nutritional Intervention on Vitamins and Minerals Intake at Overweight and Obese Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela Posea

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims- To evaluate the impact of nutritional intervention on vitamins and minerals from intake food and anthropometric parameters at overweight and obese patients. Material and methods- To a sample of 40 overweight and obese patients we evaluated the nutritional content of food intake (kilocalories, macro and micronutrients. We also measured anthropometric parameters like weight, body mass index, body fat, percent of body fat, abdominal circumference and arterial tension. Results- After the nutritional intervention, overweight and obese patients had significantly lower level of intake carbohydrates (P=.018, lipids (P=.002, B1 vitamin (P<.001, B3 vitamin (P=.02 and E vitamin (P=.016. There is a significantly increased level of proteins (P<.001. Regarding the minerals, we found that the intake levels of following‘s decreased: sodium (P<.001, magnesium (P=.006, zinc (P=.035, copper (P=.002, manganese (P<.001. Phosphorus is the only mineral of which the intake level increased significantly (P<.001. All the anthropometric parameters decreased significantly: weight (P<.001, body mass index (P<.001, body fat (P<.001, percent of body fat (P<.001, abdominal circumference (P<0.001, systolic arterial tension (P<.001, diastolic arterial tension (P=.002. Conclusions- All the patients had imbalanced intake of vitamins and minerals both before and after intervention. There is a significant improved on anthropometric measures after nutritional intervention. We need to promote healthy lifestyle changes to prevent the risks associated with obesity.

  6. Study on the nutritional evaluation and intervention of the elderly inpatients with chronic diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ling LI

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective:To discuss the method and effects of nutritional evaluation and intervention of hospitalized elderly patients with chronic diseases. Methods:The hospitalized patients over 65 were having the nutritional evaluation by using MNA–SF. Patients with malnutrition or at the risk of malnutrition were selected for research and assigned to observation group and control group at random . The traditional and medical integration health teaching interventions were used in the two groups separately. Results:Nutritional and eating habits evaluation were carried out in the two groups in 45 and 90 days after interventions. It showed that there was no statistically significant difference after45 days, but  after 90days there was a difference between the observation and control groups. Conclusion: MNA–SF is a simple and effective method for nutritional evaluation of hospitalized patients over 65. Medical integration health teaching interventions is better than traditional health teaching for patients with malnutrition or at the risk of malnutrition.

  7. Sustained benefits of a community dietetics intervention designed to improve oral nutritional supplement prescribing practices.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kennelly, S

    2011-10-01

    Healthcare professionals working in the community do not always prescribe oral nutritional supplements (ONS) according to best practice guidelines for the management of malnutrition. The present study aimed to determine the impact of a community dietetics intervention on ONS prescribing practices and expenditure 1 year later.

  8. Nutritional Intervention in Young Women with Eating Disorders: A Brief Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAleavey, Kristen

    2010-01-01

    Eating disorders in young women are often associated with a number of comorbid conditions, including mood disorders and cognitive problems. Although group therapy is often used as part of overall treatment for eating disorders in many types of settings, specific nutritional interventions used in such settings have rarely been evaluated. In this…

  9. Eat for health: a nutrition and cancer control supermarket intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Light, L; Tenney, J; Portnoy, B; Kessler, L; Rodgers, A B; Patterson, B; Mathews, O; Katz, E; Blair, J E; Evans, S K

    1989-01-01

    The growing evidence linking dietary patterns to the incidence and prevention of chronic disease has prompted a number of prominent health and scientific agencies to publish dietary guidelines for the public. Some dietary guidelines address specific diseases, such as cancer or heart disease; others focus on overall health promotion. This situation has created a demand for nutrition education and information programs for the public. Increasingly, supermarkets are seen as potential sites for effective consumer education. Eat for Health is a joint research study by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and Giant Food Inc., a regional supermarket chain in the Washington-Baltimore area. The study's goal was to test the feasibility of supermarkets as a site for consumer nutrition education. Eat for Health's educational focus was diet and cancer control issues in the context of dietary patterns that promote health. Particular attention was paid to reduction of fat intake and increases in consumption of dietary fiber from grains, vegetables, and fruits. Analysis of program results is currently underway; data should be available in early 1990.

  10. Impact of an intervention nutrition program during prenatal on the weight of newborns from teenage mothers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Maria Antonieta de Souza Santos

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The nutritional care for teenage mothers had been studied as a factor that influences the course of pregnancy and neonatal outcomes, especially in birth weight. Objective: Evaluate the effect of a prenatal intervention nutrition program, with early start of the nutritional care and individualized attendance on teenage mother newborns' weight. Methods: Not randomized study of intervention performed with 746 teenage mothers (14 to 19 years old, subdivided in historic control group (GI; n = 542 and intervention group (GII; n = 204. The dependent variable was the low birth weight (LBW. The independent variables assessed were: sociodemographic (mother age, skin color, instruction level and sanitation conditions, anthropometric (mother's height, pre-gestational nutritional study and adequacy of gestational weight gain, obstetric (gestational age in first prenatal consultation, number of pregnancies, childbirths and abortions, interdelivery and inter-gestational intervals, prenatal attendance (number of prenatal and nutritional attendance consultations and conditions of the newborn (birth weight and duration of the pregnancy. Data were analyzed by Poisson regression with robust variance. Results: The average of maternal age at delivery was 17,5 years old (standard deviation 1,59. The percentage of LBW considerably reduced from 11,3% in GI to 2,9% in GII (p < 0,001. We observed in the multivariate model that the teenage mothers who have not received the intervention presented 3,5 more prevalence (GI, RP adjusted 3,5; 95% CI 1,49-8,44 to give birth to a low weight newborn. Conclusion: The participation of the teenage mother in the prenatal nutrition care program proposed here contributed to the reduction of the low weight of newborns.

  11. EFFECTIVENESS OF NUTRITIONAL INTERVENTION MEASURES ON CHILDREN ADMITTED IN NUTRITIONAL REHABILITATION CENTER (NRC KING GEORGE HOSPITAL- VISAKHAPATNAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rama Rao

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND NRC was started in Visakhapatnam (KGH in December’ 2012 to nutritionally rehabilitate severely acute malnourished children. This study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of rehabilitation services provided at Nutritional Rehabilitation Center. OBJECTIVES 1 To evaluate the effectiveness of Nutritional interventional measures undertaken at Nutritional Rehabilitation Center through review of selected anthropometric measure indicators. 2 To assess the nutritional status after discharge from Nutritional Rehabilitation center. METHODS A Retrospective record based (secondary data study conducted in the month of November 2013.Sevevnty five children were admitted in Nutritional Rehabilitation Center (NRC of KGH, Visakhapatnam in the months of April to October 2013. The data was obtained from NRC records including anthropometric measurements at admission, discharge and follow-up. RESULTS Twenty percent of the children were less than 12 months of age and 34.7% were in the age group of 13–24 months. Forty eight percent were female and 52% were male children. Majority (93% of the children stayed in the NRC for more than 14 days. There was significant difference in the weight of children at the time of admission and at the time of discharge (t= - 15.942, p=0.001. There was no significant difference in Mid Arm Circumference at the time of admission and at the time of discharge (t = -0.942, p=0.349. Fourteen percent were defaulted. There was significant difference in weight of children at the time of discharge and at the time of first follow-up (t=2.203, p=0.03 and third follow-up (t= -8.903, p=0.001. CONCLUSIONS NRCs are effective in improving the nutritional status of severely acute malnourished children and the follow-up also shows the children are having catch-up growth. RECOMMENDATIONS: 1 Adequate number of NRCs should be available for severely acute malnourished children in all the areas. 2 Effective counseling measures should be

  12. Nutritional Intervention as part of Functional Rehabilitation in Older People with reduced functional ability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beck, Anne Marie; Dent, Elsa; Baldwin, Christine

    2016-01-01

    body weight, hand-grip strength or muscle strength. There was no difference between groups in the critical outcomes; balance, cognition, activities of daily living and mortality at long-term follow-up. Nutritional intervention given with functional rehabilitation was associated with an increased...... likelihood of both mortality (odds ratio = 1.77; 95% confidence interval = 1.13–2.76) and hospitalisation (odds ratio = 2.29; 95% confidence interval = 1.10–4.79) during the intervention. Meta-analysis of the baseline data showed that, overall, the intervention cohort had a lower body weight and cognition...

  13. A STUDY TO EVALUATE THE EFFECT OF NUTRITIONAL INTERVENTION MEASURES ON CHILDREN WITH SEVERE ACUTE MALNUTRITION ADMITTED IN NUTRITION REHABILITATION CENTER AT CIVIL HOSPITAL BAIRAGARH, BHOPAL, MADHYA PRADESH

    OpenAIRE

    Ritesh; Priyesh

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The state of Madhya Pradesh has 1.3 million severely malnourished children. Nutrition rehabilitation centers (NRCs) were started in the state to control severe malnutrition and decrease the prevalence of severe malnourished children to less than 1% among c hildren aged 1 – 5 years. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of nutritional interventional measures for children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) admitted in Nutrition Rehabilitation Center by ...

  14. Twin pregnancy: the impact of the Higgins Nutrition Intervention Program on maternal and neonatal outcomes.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Dubois, S

    1991-06-01

    Perinatal outcomes were compared between 354 twins treated with the Higgins Nutrition Intervention Program and 686 untreated twins. After differing distributions of key confounding variables were adjusted for, the twins in the intervention group weighed an average of 80 g more (P less than 0.06) than the nonintervention twins; their low-birth-weight rate was 25% lower (P less than 0.05) and their very-low-birth-weight rate was almost 50% lower (P less than 0.05). Although the rate of preterm delivery was 30% lower in the intervention group (P less than 0.05), the rates of intrauterine growth retardation were similar in the two groups. Fetal mortality was slightly higher (14 vs 12 per 1000, NS), but early neonatal mortality was fivefold lower (3 vs 19 per 1000, P less than 0.06) in the intervention group. Maternal morbidity was significantly lower (P less than 0.05) in the intervention group. There was a trend towards lower infant morbidity in the intervention group. These results suggest that nutritional intervention can significantly improve twin-pregnancy outcome.

  15. Physical activity and nutrition behavioural outcomes of a home-based intervention program for seniors: a randomized controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Burke Linda; Lee Andy H; Jancey Jonine; Xiang Liming; Kerr Deborah A; Howat Peter A; Hills Andrew P; Anderson Annie S

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background This intervention aimed to ascertain whether a low-cost, accessible, physical activity and nutrition program could improve physical activity and nutrition behaviours of insufficiently active 60–70 year olds residing in Perth, Australia. Methods A 6-month home-based randomised controlled trial was conducted on 478 older adults (intervention, n = 248; control, n = 230) of low to medium socioeconomic status. Both intervention and control groups completed postal questionnaires...

  16. Brain imaging and human nutrition: which measures to use in intervention studies?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sizonenko, Stéphane V; Babiloni, Claudio; de Bruin, Eveline A; Isaacs, Elizabeth B; Jönsson, Lena S; Kennedy, David O; Latulippe, Marie E; Mohajeri, M Hasan; Moreines, Judith; Pietrini, Pietro; Walhovd, Kristine B; Winwood, Robert J; Sijben, John W

    2013-08-01

    The present review describes brain imaging technologies that can be used to assess the effects of nutritional interventions in human subjects. Specifically, we summarise the biological relevance of their outcome measures, practical use and feasibility, and recommended use in short- and long-term nutritional studies. The brain imaging technologies described consist of MRI, including diffusion tensor imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy and functional MRI, as well as electroencephalography/magnetoencephalography, near-IR spectroscopy, positron emission tomography and single-photon emission computerised tomography. In nutritional interventions and across the lifespan, brain imaging can detect macro- and microstructural, functional, electrophysiological and metabolic changes linked to broader functional outcomes, such as cognition. Imaging markers can be considered as specific for one or several brain processes and as surrogate instrumental endpoints that may provide sensitive measures of short- and long-term effects. For the majority of imaging measures, little information is available regarding their correlation with functional endpoints in healthy subjects; therefore, imaging markers generally cannot replace clinical endpoints that reflect the overall capacity of the brain to behaviourally respond to specific situations and stimuli. The principal added value of brain imaging measures for human nutritional intervention studies is their ability to provide unique in vivo information on the working mechanism of an intervention in hypothesis-driven research. Selection of brain imaging techniques and target markers within a given technique should mainly depend on the hypothesis regarding the mechanism of action of the intervention, level (structural, metabolic or functional) and anticipated timescale of the intervention's effects, target population, availability and costs of the techniques.

  17. Effect of nutritional interventions and resistance exercise on aging muscle mass and strength.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Candow, Darren G; Forbes, Scott C; Little, Jonathan P; Cornish, Stephen M; Pinkoski, Craig; Chilibeck, Philip D

    2012-08-01

    Sarcopenia, defined as the age-related loss of muscle mass, has a negative effect on strength, functional independence and overall quality of life. Sarcopenia is a multifactorial phenomenon characterized by changes in muscle morphology, protein and hormonal kinetics, oxidative stress, inflammation, physical activity and nutrition. It is well known that resistance exercise increases aging muscle mass and strength and these physiological adaptations from exercise may be further enhanced with certain nutritional interventions. Research indicates that essential amino acids and milk-based proteins, creatine monohydrate, essential fatty acids, and vitamin D may all have beneficial effects on aging muscle biology. PMID:22684187

  18. The interventions of nutritional education on malnutrition infants mothers in Wonokromo Surabaya

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    Wiwik Afridah

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Mother’s knowledge has great affect to the nutritional status of the infants, because mother has a big role in providing the food in the family. That Knowledge was heavily influenced by social circumstances of the family's such as lack of family income that may affect the mother's in providing the food in the family. The research objective is to examine the effect of nutrition education intervention on body weight of malnutrition infants in RW 07 Wonokromo, Surabaya.This study uses a pre-experimental study design with pre-post test type approach. The subjects were children aged six months to five years who are malnutrition and poor nutrition, with indexes BW/U is less than Z score, located in Wonokromo Village, Surabaya. Sampling techniques in a study conducted by simple random sampling. Analysis of differences nutritional status of children before and after giving of nutrition education were tested by paired t test (paired t test and differences of mother’s knowledge before and after giving of nutrition education were tested by Wilcoxon signed rank test.Results of statistically tests by using a paired t-test obtained P Value (0.108 > α (0.05 means there is no different on giving of nutrition education intervention on weight infants in the RW. 07 Wonokromo Village, Surabaya. Results of statistically tests by using the Wilcoxon signed rank test obtained P Value (0.157 > α (0.05 means there is no different on giving of nutrition education intervention on parent’s knowledge level of a toddler in the RW. 07 Wonokromo Village Surabaya.Required planning and strategies to change behavior and awareness of nutrition and health. Using 4P concept for viewpoint of trainers/educators and 4C for viewpoint of participants or trained, and performed by ABC approach (Advocacy, Situation control and the Movement Atmosphere/mobilization. Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1\\:*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style

  19. Nutrition intervention in scholars - doi: 10.5020/18061230.2010.p297

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Anzolin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To verify the effectiveness of nutrition intervention in changing dietary intake among school children aged 6 to 10 years old in private school, in the city of Itajaí - SC, Brazil. Methods: A non-randomized and uncontrolled intervention study, carried through four educational activities in the period from August to November, 2008 and food intake reassessed at the end. We evaluated the nutritional status by means of body mass index for age and sex, and waist circumference. The frequency of consumption before and after intervention was compared using the paired Student t test. Results: Joined in the survey 93 students (69.92% of whom 48 children (54.5% were normal weight, while 36 (40.9% were overweight or presented obesity. The most consumed food groups, before and after intervention were: crackers and pasta; rice and fruit juice. The average frequency of sweets intake decreased after the intervention (0.54 to 0.24 times per day, p <0.001, however increased the intake of fried potatoes (0.25 to 0.65, p <0.001, pizza and hamburger (0.30 to 0.46, p = 0.028. Among girls, the intake of sweets decreased after the educational activities (0.58 to 0.12, p <0.001. Conclusions: Nutritional interventions, despite the short period of time, were effective in changing the consumption of certain foods / food groups. The results reinforce the need to carry out interventions more often and for longer periods, to promote effective changes in food consumption.

  20. Introducing a new monitoring manual for home fortification and strengthening capacity to monitor nutrition interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jefferds, Maria Elena D; Flores-Ayala, Rafael

    2015-12-01

    Lack of monitoring capacity is a key barrier for nutrition interventions and limits programme management, decision making and programme effectiveness in many low-income and middle-income countries. A 2011 global assessment reported lack of monitoring capacity was the top barrier for home fortification interventions, such as micronutrient powders or lipid-based nutrient supplements. A Manual for Developing and Implementing Monitoring Systems for Home Fortification Interventions was recently disseminated. It is comprehensive and describes monitoring concepts and frameworks and includes monitoring tools and worksheets. The monitoring manual describes the steps of developing and implementing a monitoring system for home fortification interventions, including identifying and engaging stakeholders; developing a programme description including logic model and logical framework; refining the purpose of the monitoring system, identifying users and their monitoring needs; describing the design of the monitoring system; developing indicators; describing the core components of a comprehensive monitoring plan; and considering factors related to stage of programme development, sustainability and scale up. A fictional home fortification example is used throughout the monitoring manual to illustrate these steps. The monitoring manual is a useful tool to support the development and implementation of home fortification intervention monitoring systems. In the context of systematic capacity gaps to design, implement and monitor nutrition interventions in many low-income and middle-income countries, the dissemination of new tools, such as monitoring manuals may have limited impact without additional attention to strengthening other individual, organisational and systems levels capacities.

  1. Intervention program for modification the nutrition habits of psychiatric patients

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    Statharou A.

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The healthy way of diet of mental patients, as it appears from the international bibliography, occupies the professionals of health for a lot of years. A lot of efforts have become in this sector and mainly in acquire the mental patients the control of natural health and well-being. Each program of intervention that aims in the modification of alimentary habits with the use of cognitive-behavior theories contributes in the improvement of quality of diet, but also in the aid of self-esteem Nevertheless, it should be becomes obvious that this programs, with any their cost it corresponds, can be economically compensated with in the long term profits. Profits that result from the co morbidity and by extension of reduction the use of health services.

  2. Using ethnography in implementation research to improve nutrition interventions in populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tumilowicz, Alison; Neufeld, Lynnette M; Pelto, Gretel H

    2015-12-01

    'Implementation research in nutrition' is an emerging area of study aimed at building evidence-based knowledge and sound theory to design and implement programs that will effectively deliver nutrition interventions. This paper describes some of the basic features of ethnography and illustrates its applications in components of the implementation process. We review the central purpose of ethnography, which is to obtain the emic view--the insider's perspective--and how ethnography has historically interfaced with nutrition. We present examples of ethnographic studies in relation to an analytic framework of the implementation process, situating them with respect to landscape analysis, formative research, process evaluation and impact evaluation. These examples, conducted in various parts of the world by different investigators, demonstrate how ethnography provided important, often essential, insights that influenced programming decisions or explained programme outcomes. Key messages Designing, implementing and evaluating interventions requires knowledge about the populations and communities in which interventions are situated, including knowledge from the 'emic' (insider's) perspective. Obtaining emic perspectives and analysing them in relation to cultural, economic and structural features of social organisation in societies is a central purpose of ethnography. Ethnography is an essential aspect of implementation research in nutrition, as it provides important insights for making decisions about appropriate interventions and delivery platforms; determining how best to fit aspects of programme design and implementation into different environmental and cultural contexts; opening the 'black box' in interventions to understand how delivery and utilisation processes affect programme outcomes or impacts; and understanding how programme impacts were achieved, or not. PMID:26778802

  3. Nutrition intervention strategies to combat zinc deficiency in developing countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibson, R S; Ferguson, E L

    1998-06-01

    . In the future, dietary modification/diversification, although long term, may be the preferred strategy because it is more sustainable, economically feasible, culturally acceptable, and equitable, and can be used to alleviate several micronutrient deficiencies simultaneously, without danger of inducing antagonistic micronutrient interactions. Appropriate dietary strategies include consumption of zinc-dense foods and those known to enhance zinc absorption, reducing the phytic acid content of plant based staples via enzymic hydrolysis induced by germination/fermentation or nonenzymic hydrolysis by soaking or thermal processing. All the strategies outlined above should be integrated with ongoing national food, nutrition and health education programmes, to enhance their effectiveness and sustainability, and implemented using nutrition education and social marketing techniques. Ultimately the success of any approach for combating zinc deficiency depends on strong advocacy, top level commitment, a stable infrastructure, long term financial support and the capacity to control quality and monitor and enforce compliance at the national or regional level. To be cost effective, costs for these strategies must be shared by industry, government, donors and consumers. PMID:19087462

  4. Health economics evidence for medical nutrition: are these interventions value for money in integrated care?

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    Walzer S

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Stefan Walzer,1,2 Daniel Droeschel,1,3 Mark Nuijten,4 Hélène Chevrou-Séverac5 1MArS Market Access and Pricing Strategy GmbH, Weil am Rhein, Germany; 2State University Baden Wuerttemberg, Loerach, Germany; 3Riedlingen University, SRH FernHochschule, Riedlingen, Germany; 4Ars Accessus Medica BV, Jisp, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; 5Nestlé Health Science, Vevey, Switzerland Background: Health care decision-makers have begun to realize that medical nutrition plays an important role in the delivery of care, and it needs to be seen as a sole category within the overall health care reimbursement system to establish the value for money. Indeed, improving health through improving patients' nutrition may contribute to the cost-effectiveness and financial sustainability of health care systems. Medical nutrition is regulated by a specific bill either in Europe or in the United States, which offers specific legislations and guidelines (as provided to patients with special nutritional needs and indications for nutritional support. Given that the efficacy of medical nutrition has been proven, one can wonder whether the heterogeneous nature of its coverage/reimbursement across countries might be due to the lack of health-related economic evidence or value-for-money of nutritional interventions. This paper aims to address this knowledge gap by performing a systematic literature review on health economics evidence regarding medical nutrition, and by summarizing the results of these publications related to the value for money of medical nutrition interventions. Methods: A systematic literature search was initiated and executed based on a predefined search protocol following the population, intervention, comparison, and outcomes (PICO criteria. Following the systematic literature search of recently published literature on health economics evidence regarding medical nutrition, this study aims to summarize the results of those publications that are related to the

  5. Evidence-Based Psychotherapies and Nutritional Interventions for Children With Bipolar Spectrum Disorders and Their Families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fristad, Mary A

    2016-01-01

    Treatment guidelines recommend that psychotherapy be used in conjunction with pharmacotherapy in children with bipolar disorder. A well-established category of psychotherapy is family skill-building plus psychoeducation; 3 examples of this are family-focused treatment, psychoeducational psychotherapy, and child- and family-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy. These treatments share several common elements that are important in pediatric populations, including being family-based, providing psychoeducation on symptoms and their management, and training patients and families in emotion regulation, communication, and problem-solving skills. Clinicians may also wish to explore nutritional interventions; multinutrient complexes are experimental, and omega-3 fatty acid supplements are possibly efficacious. Nutritional interventions are particularly attractive in this patient population because of their favorable safety profile. PMID:27570930

  6. Educational intervention for altering water-sanitation behavior to reduce childhood diarrhea in urban Bangladesh: impact on nutritional status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanton, B F; Clemens, J D; Khair, T

    1988-11-01

    We evaluated whether an educational intervention that was effective in reducing childhood diarrhea also improved childhood nutritional status. Fifty-one communities of 38 families each were randomized to receive the intervention or no intervention. During 1 y of follow-up the rate of diarrhea (per 100 wk) in children less than 6 y in the intervention group was 5.89 episodes whereas that in the nonintervention group was 7.55 episodes (protective efficacy 22%; p less than 0.0001). During the same follow-up period children in both groups exhibited comparable patterns of weight gain; 1 y after the intervention the mean weight for age of children in both groups was 76% of the NCHS standard. No significant differences were observed in the proportion of each group that experienced a major deterioration or improvement of nutritional status. We conclude that an intervention that reduces rates of childhood diarrhea may not necessarily also improve nutritional status.

  7. Noni-based nutritional supplementation and exercise interventions influence body composition

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    Afa K Palu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of obesity and overweight in the Unites States has reached unprecedented levels, and so has the need for effective exercise and nutritional programs for prevention of unhealthy weight gain or safe weight loss. Aims: The present study was conducted in overweight men and women to assess the impact of noni-based nutritional supplementation and exercise interventions on body composition. Materials and Methods: Twenty two participants (16 women and 6 men, ages 18-65, were enrolled in a 12-week, open-label trial of a weight-loss program involving noni-based dietary supplements, gender-specific daily calorie restriction, and exercise interventions. Weight, percent body fat, and body mass index were measured before and after the trial. Results: All participants experienced weight loss. The average decrease in fat mass was highly significant (P < 0.0001, as were decreases in percent body fat and body mass index. Individual weight and fat mass losses were 17.55 ± 9.73 and 21.78 ± 8.34 lbs., respectively, and individual percent body fat and body mass index decreases were 8.91 ± 3.58 % and 2.6 ± 1.32, respectively. Conclusion: The nutritional and exercise interventions significantly influenced body composition among participants.

  8. Systematic Review: Medical and Nutritional Interventions for the Management of Intestinal Failure and its Resultant Complications in Children

    OpenAIRE

    Barclay, Andrew; Beattie, Lynne M; Weaver, L T; Wilson, David C

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background and Aims: Intestinal failure (IF) affects a growing number of children due to increasing numbers of preterm infants surviving intestinal resection for necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and improving surgical techniques for congenital gut anomalies. Parenteral nutrition (PN) is the mainstay of therapy; enteral nutrition (EN) may have trophic effects on the gut. We aimed to systematically review evidence for the effectiveness of medical and nutritional interventions...

  9. “Smart” RCTs: Development of a Smartphone App for Fully Automated Nutrition-Labeling Intervention Trials

    OpenAIRE

    Volkova, Ekaterina; Li, Nicole; Dunford, Elizabeth; Eyles, Helen; Crino, Michelle; Michie, Jo; Ni Mhurchu, Cliona

    2016-01-01

    Background There is substantial interest in the effects of nutrition labels on consumer food-purchasing behavior. However, conducting randomized controlled trials on the impact of nutrition labels in the real world presents a significant challenge. Objective The Food Label Trial (FLT) smartphone app was developed to enable conducting fully automated trials, delivering intervention remotely, and collecting individual-level data on food purchases for two nutrition-labeling randomized controlled...

  10. Effect of a Nutritional Intervention in Athlete’s Body Composition, Eating Behaviour and Nutritional Knowledge: A Comparison between Adults and Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nascimento, Marcus; Silva, Danielle; Ribeiro, Sandra; Nunes, Marco; Almeida, Marcos; Mendes-Netto, Raquel

    2016-01-01

    The objective of the present study is to evaluate and compare the effect of a nutritional intervention between adolescent and adult. In a before and after quasi-experimental clinical study, 32 athletes (21 adults, age range 20–32 years; 11 adolescents, age range: 12–19 years) participated in a nutritional counselling consisting of four consultations separated by an interval of 45 to 60 days. The athlete’s eating behaviour, body composition and nutrition knowledge were evaluated at the beginning and at the end of the protocol. Both groups increased lean body mass and nutritional knowledge. Adolescents increased their mid-arm muscle circumference and improved meal frequency, and daily water intake. Athletes of both groups improved their ingestion of vegetables and fruits and decreased the ingestion of sweets and oils. Adolescents showed a higher prevalence of individuals that remained within or approached to the recommendations of sweets. This is the first study to evaluate and compare the effect of a nutritional intervention between adolescent and adult athletes body composition, eating behaviour and nutritional knowledge. The nutritional counselling has been effective in promoting beneficial changes on the athlete’s eating behaviour, nutritional knowledge and body composition, however, some healthy changes were only experienced by adolescents, especially in the frequency of meals and the intake of sweets. PMID:27618088

  11. Results of a 3-Year, Nutrition and Physical Activity Intervention for Children in Rural, Low-Socioeconomic Status Elementary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Kristi McClary; Ling, Jiying

    2015-01-01

    Improving children's nutrition and physical activity have become priorities in the United States. This quasi-experimental study evaluated the longitudinal effects of a 3-year, school-based, health promotion intervention (i.e. nutrition and physical education, classroom physical activity, professional development and health promotion for teachers…

  12. Evaluating the Impact of Six Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education Interventions on Children's At-Home Diets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Pamela A.; Cates, Sheryl C.; Blitstein, Jonathan L.; Hersey, James C.; Kosa, Katherine M.; Long, Valerie A.; Singh, Anita; Berman, Danielle

    2015-01-01

    Background: Nutrition education in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education (SNAP-Ed) is designed to promote healthy eating behaviors in a low-income target population. Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of six SNAP-Ed interventions delivered in child care centers or elementary school settings in increasing participating…

  13. Evaluation of the effectiveness of a nutrition education intervention performed by primary school teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erminia Agozzino

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Background: Long-term interventions based on the active involvement of students, carried out by properly prepared staff using didactic support material (brochures, games etc. including the participation/involvement of mothers or associates in community interventions; seem to be the most effective ones. This study evaluates the effectiveness of nutrition education interventions carried out by teachers with active didactic methodologies.

    Methods: The research was carried out by administering a frequency of food intake questionnaire, before and after the intervention. To compare the answers given before and after the educational intervention the Wilcoxon-test was applied to dependent data discriminating the group with “sufficient implementation” of the project versus “insufficient implementation”.

    Results: Our data demonstrates that a substantial percentage of children do not report an adequate nutritional intake, making education interventions not only opportune but necessary. In both groups there was an increase in the number of subjects having breakfast, particularly in terms of bread and biscuits intake. In the group with “sufficient implementation” there was an increase in the intake of all kinds of food with respect to the previous day’s intake and a decrease in the intake of meat, fish and legumes consumed during the previous week; in the group with “insufficient implementation” only fish intake increased significantly while vegetable intake decreased in a non-significant way. So this educational intervention appears to have been particularly effective in modifying breakfast habits and reducing snack.

  14. Effect of Short Term Community Based Intervention to Reduce the Prevalence of Under Nutrition in Under-five Children

    OpenAIRE

    Vishal Jamra, Vishal Bankwar, Dinesh M Saxena

    2013-01-01

    Background & Objectives: Malnutrition is a scourge for mankind especially among the developing world countries like India. The present study endeavors to find the factors responsible for this magnitude of under nutrition in under-5 in an urban slum area and also to find the effect of short term educa-tional intervention and de-worming on the status of under nutrition. Materials and Methods: This cross sectional intervention study was undertaken in slum area for a period of 6 months. I...

  15. The Impact of Nutrition Education Interventions on the Dietary Habits of College Students in Developed Nations: A Brief Review

    OpenAIRE

    Lua, Pei Lin; Wan Putri Elena, Wan Dali

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this review is to provide a summary of studies on the effectiveness nutrition education interventions used by college students. Electronic databases such as Medline, Science Direct, CINAHL (EBSCOhost), and Google Scholar were explored for articles that involved nutrition education interventions for college students and that were published between 1990 and 2011. Fourteen studies, which involved a total of 1668 college students as respondents, were identified an...

  16. Pertinence of the recent school-based nutrition interventions targeting fruit and vegetable consumption in the United States:a systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Christopher R. Aloia; Taylor A. Shockey; Nahar, Vinayak K.; Knight, Kathy B.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Schools are the major locations for implementing children’s dietary behavior related educational or interventional programs. Recently, there has been an increase in school-based nutrition interventions. The objective of this systematic review was to overview the evidence for the effectiveness of school-based nutrition intervention on fruit and vegetable consumption. Methods: PubMed was used to search for articles on school-based nutrition interventions that measured students’ f...

  17. Theory, evidence and Intervention Mapping to improve behavior nutrition and physical activity interventions.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Brug (Hans); A. Oenema (Anke); A. Ferreira (Isabel)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: The present paper intends to contribute to the debate on the usefulness and barriers in applying theories in diet and physical activity behavior-change interventions. DISCUSSION: Since behavior theory is a reflection of the compiled evidence of behavior research, theory is th

  18. [Effect of early nutritional intervention in the a outcome of patients at risk clinical nutrition].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montoya Montoya, Susana; Múnera García, Nora Elena

    2014-02-01

    Introducción: La desnutrición hospitalaria es un proceso multicausal y de alta prevalencia. La intervención nutricional en una etapa temprana mejora el pronóstico de los pacientes afectados. Objetivo: Comparar el efecto de una intervención nutricional temprana con el de una atención de rutina, sobre el resultado clínico, en pacientes con riesgo nutricional, detectados con la herramienta de cribado Nutritional Risk Screening NRS 2002, que ingresan a una institución de salud de alta complejidad. Materiales y métodos: Estudio cuasi experimental. Se evaluó en las primeras 48 horas de admisión a 891 pacientes, de los cuales 247 estaban en riesgo nutricional, 116 constituyeron el grupo con atención de rutina y 54 el grupo intervenido. Se evaluaron las complicaciones, días de estancia hospitalaria, pérdida de peso, cambio de índice de masa corporal y adecuación proteico-calórica. Resultados: Los pacientes intervenidos presentaron mayor consumo calórico (1617 ± 444,5 vs 1366 ± 467,1 kilocalorías, p = 0,002) y proteico (1,2 ± 0,2 vs 0,9 ± 0,3 g, p = 0,000), una ganancia de peso promedio de 0,7% vs una pérdida de 2.3% (p = 0,000), una proporción de complicaciones moderadas del 8,2% vs 25,2% (p = 0,012) y una reducción del tiempo de estancia hospitalaria de 2,2 días (p = 0,138), en comparación con el grupo con atención de rutina. Conclusión: La intervención nutricional temprana en los pacientes en riesgo nutricional, disminuyó la proporción de complicaciones moderadas, mejoró la adecuación de energía, proteína y la evolución nutricional en términos de ganancia de peso y cambio de IMC. Los días de estancia no mostraron diferencias significativas.

  19. The impact of a nutritional intervention on the nutritional status and anthropometric profile of participants in the health Gym Programme in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Deus, Raquel Mendonça; Mingoti, Sueli Aparecida; Jaime, Patrícia Constante; Lopes, Aline Cristine Souza

    2015-06-01

    The objective of this study was to assess the impact of an intervention implemented under the Programa Academia da Saúde (Health Gym Programme) of Belo Horizonte, MG on the nutritional status and anthropometric profile of participants. Intervention study involving participants in the Health Gym Programme which encompasses group food and nutrition education activities over a period of 11 months combined with regular physical activity. Impact was assessed by comparing nutritional and anthropometric indicators in women participants who were divided into two groups according to their participation rate in the intervention. A total of 124 women were evaluated, results showed an increase in the number of daily meals (psugary soft drinks (p = 0.03), while those whose participation rate was 50% and over (n = 63) reduced daily per capita intake of oil (p = 0.01) and sugar (p = 0.002), increased their consumption of fruit (p = 0. 004), and milk and dairy products (p = 0.02), and also experienced weight loss (-1.3 ± 3.9kg; p = 0.02). The findings show the importance of combining nutritional interventions with physical activity to ensure positive impacts on the nutritional status and anthropometric profile of participants in the Health Gym Programme. PMID:26060972

  20. Development and evaluation of an educational intervention program for pre-professional adolescent ballet dancers: nutrition for optimal performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle-Lucas, Ashley F; Davy, Brenda M

    2011-06-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to develop, implement, and evaluate a theoretically based nutritional education intervention through a DVD lecture series (three 30-minute classes) in summer intensive programs for pre-professional, adolescent ballet dancers. Objectives of this intervention program were to increase knowledge of basic sports nutrition principles and the Female Athlete Triad and promote self-efficacy for adopting healthier dietary habits. Dancers ranging from 13 to 18 years old who were attending summer intensive programs affiliated with professional ballet companies were recruited. Group One (n = 231) participated in the nutrition education program, while Group Two the control participants (n = 90) did not. Assessments of the participants' dietary status consisted of a demographic questionnaire, a Sports Nutrition Knowledge and Behavior Questionnaire, and a Food Frequency Questionnaire. The intervention group was assessed at baseline, immediately post-program, and at six weeks post-program. The control group was assessed at baseline and at six weeks post-baseline. The intervention program was effective at increasing nutrition knowledge, perceived susceptibility to the Female Athlete Triad, and self-efficacy constructs. Improvements in dietary intake were also observed among intervention group participants. To improve overall health and performance nutrition education should be incorporated into the training regimens of adolescent dancers. This potentially replicable DVD-based program may be an effective, low-cost mechanism for doing that.

  1. A Pilot Study of Self-Management-based Nutrition and Physical Activity Intervention in Cancer Survivors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Michelle; Zrim, Stephanie; Lawn, Sharon; Woodman, Richard; Leggett, Stephanie; Jones, Lynnette; Karapetis, Christos; Kichenadasse, Ganessan; Sukumaran, Shawgi; Roy, Amitesh C; Koczwara, Bogda

    2016-07-01

    Exercise and a healthy diet are beneficial after cancer, but are not uniformly adopted by cancer survivors. This study reports on the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of a self-management-based nutrition and exercise intervention for Australian cancer survivors. Adult survivors (n  =  25) during curative chemotherapy (stratum 1[S1]; n  =  11) or post-treatment (stratum 2 [S2]; n  =  14) were recruited prospectively from a single center. The Flinders Living Well Self-Management Program™ (FLW Program) was utilized to establish patient-led nutrition and exercise goals and develop a tailored 12-wk intervention plan. Fortnightly reviews occurred with assessments at baseline, 6 and 12 wk. A recruitment and retention rate of 38% and 84% were observed. Both strata maintained total skeletal muscle mass. Small reductions in body mass index, hip circumference, and percentage body fat, and small increases in hand grip strength and exercise capacity among subjects in both strata were observed. No significant differences were observed between strata; however, significant increases in exercise capacity and global health status for S2 were observed from baseline to 12 wk. FLW Program is a feasible mode of delivering nutrition and exercise intervention to cancer survivors and it appears that there are no barriers to implementing this program early during chemotherapy. Hence, the additive effect of gains achieved over a longer duration is promising and this should be explored in randomized controlled trials adequately powered to observe clinically and statistically significant improvements in relevant outcomes. PMID:27176450

  2. Nutritional intervention in cognitively impaired geriatric trauma patients: a feasibility study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eschbach D

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available D Eschbach,1 T Kirchbichler,1 T Wiesmann,2 L Oberkircher,1 C Bliemel,1 S Ruchholtz,1 B Buecking1 1Center for Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, 2Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany Background: Most studies focusing on improving the nutritional status of geriatric trauma patients exclude patients with cognitive impairment. These patients are especially at risk of malnutrition at admission and of worsening during the perioperative fasting period. This study was planned as a feasibility study to identify the difficulties involved in including this high-risk collective of cognitively impaired geriatric trauma patients. Patients and methods: This prospective intervention study included cognitively impaired geriatric patients (Mini–Mental State Examination <25, age >65 years with hip-related fractures. We assessed Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA, Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS 2002, body mass index, calf circumference, American Society of Anesthesiologists’ classification, and Braden Scale. All patients received parenteral nutritional supplementation of 800 kcal/d for the 96-hour perioperative period. Serum albumin and pseudocholinesterase were monitored. Information related to the study design and any complications in the clinical course were documented. Results: A total of 96 patients were screened, among whom eleven women (median age: 87 years; age range: 74–91 years and nine men (median age: 82 years; age range: 73–89 years were included. The Mini–Mental State Examination score was 9.5 (0–24. All patients were manifestly undernourished or at risk according to MNA and NRS 2002. The body mass index was 23 kg/m2 (13–30 kg/m2, the calf circumference was 29.5 cm (18–34 cm, and the mean American Society of Anesthesiologists’ classification status was 3 (2–4. Braden Scale showed 18 patients at high risk of developing pressure ulcers. In all, 12 patients had nonsurgical

  3. A study of Community Based Nutritional Intervention and prevention of malnutrition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neelam Anupama Toppo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: PEM is one of the major health and nutritional problem in India. It is not only an important cause of childhood mortality and morbidity but also leads to permanent impairment of both physical and mental growth of those who survive. Malnutrition is implicated in >50% of deaths of <5 children (5 million/yr. Improving nutrition for children is crucial in meeting two of the Millennium Development Goals. According to national family health survey-3 there is considerable variation across states with Madhya Pradesh recording the highest rate for underweight children (60.3% and Kerala among the lowest (28.8%. The great majority of cases of PEM nearly 80% are intermediate that is mild and moderate cases which frequently go unrecognized. These are the fact that made us to pick this issue in order to benefit the children of locality to some extent. Objectives: To identify under 5 year children with malnutrition, To demonstrate the method of preparing high protein mix diet and to educate mothers about adequate recommended diet as per age of children, To find out whether high protein mix improves nutritional status of identified malnourished children. Methodology: It was cross sectional and interventional study carried out in two villages of Jabalpur districts during the period of three months among 100 under five children. We had screened them and calculated weight for age (% and categorized them according to Gomez Classification that is normal, mild, moderate and severe malnutrition. Intervention was done on malnourished children then 4 follow ups at the interval of 15 days. Intervention strategies: Nutrition education and provision of High Protein Mix Diet. Result: 12% children were identified as malnourished where 7% were having mild grade malnutrition and 5% with moderate grade of malnutrition. Among male there were 14.04% children were malnourished while among female 9.3% were malnourished. After intervention 50% children were showing

  4. The nutrition-based comprehensive intervention study on childhood obesity in China (NISCOC: a randomised cluster controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu Guifa

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Childhood obesity and its related metabolic and psychological abnormalities are becoming serious health problems in China. Effective, feasible and practical interventions should be developed in order to prevent the childhood obesity and its related early onset of clinical cardiovascular diseases. The objective of this paper is to describe the design of a multi-centred random controlled school-based clinical intervention for childhood obesity in China. The secondary objective is to compare the cost-effectiveness of the comprehensive intervention strategy with two other interventions, one only focuses on nutrition education, the other only focuses on physical activity. Methods/Design The study is designed as a multi-centred randomised controlled trial, which included 6 centres located in Beijing, Shanghai, Chongqing, Shandong province, Heilongjiang province and Guangdong province. Both nutrition education (special developed carton style nutrition education handbook and physical activity intervention (Happy 10 program will be applied in all intervention schools of 5 cities except Beijing. In Beijing, nutrition education intervention will be applied in 3 schools and physical activity intervention among another 3 schools. A total of 9750 primary students (grade 1 to grade 5, aged 7-13 years will participate in baseline and intervention measurements, including weight, height, waist circumference, body composition (bioelectrical impendence device, physical fitness, 3 days dietary record, physical activity questionnaire, blood pressure, plasma glucose and plasma lipid profiles. Data concerning investments will be collected in our study, including costs in staff training, intervention materials, teachers and school input and supervising related expenditure. Discussion Present study is the first and biggest multi-center comprehensive childhood obesity intervention study in China. Should the study produce comprehensive results, the

  5. An evaluation of a nutrition intervention in Kapinga Village on Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Michelle; Englberger, Lois; Duncan, Burris; Taren, Douglas; Mateak, Henrich; Johnson, Emihner

    2011-03-01

    The people of Kapinga Village are suffering from chronic diseases as a result of their lifestyles and eating habits, similar to many Pohnpeians. Kapinga Village is an urban area on the island of Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia, settled by people from Kapingamarangi, a remote atoll. The villagers have limited access to traditional staple foods, including breadfruit, banana, and taro, fruits, vegetables, and other healthy foods. The Island Food Community of Pohnpei (IFCP) carried out several nutrition interventions in Kapinga Village to prevent disease, including promotion of physical activity through growing local food, a nutritious diet of local foods, cooking classes, container gardening, and charcoal oven workshops. This study evaluated the effect of those interventions on dietary intake. A 7-day Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) was administered in June-July, 2010 to participants from 68 households and data were compared to 2009 baseline data. Qualitative data were collected and analyzed to identify salient themes that were associated with changes in dietary intake. The FFQ data indicated that there was an increase in consumption of local fruits and vegetables compared with the baseline. Qualitative data revealed that participants viewed the interventions positively. The data also revealed that some of the new foods and drinks consumed were those already available in the village, but for which their uses had not previously been known (such as banana flower and hibiscus tea). Such improvements are likely to be sustainable. Recommendations are for more education, in the Kapingan language if possible, and future research to determine what culturally appropriate interventions are still needed to improve nutrition in Kapinga Village. PMID:23008983

  6. [Nutrition intervention actions in relief situations: report on 4 experiences in Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madrigal-Fritsch, Herlinda; Ruíz Arregui, Liliana; Pérez Gil Romo, Sara Elena; Cervantes Turrubiates, Leticia; Torre Medina-Mora, Pilar; Ramírez García, Guadalupe; Escobar Pérez, Margarita

    2004-06-01

    In the last years Mexico faced several natural and human provoked disasters. We choose the Mexico City earthquake, the Chichonal volcano eruption, the Guatemala war and its refugees and the Chiapas armed movement. In all of them the INCMNSZ surveillance system proposal has been applied. To establish the intervention we classified the emergencies according to its magnitude and localization. The intervention consisted in: immediate attention of serious cases, immunizations, quimioprofilaxis, personal hygiene, environment control, nutritional assessment and diet definition. The affected population attended were: in the eruption 4.500, in the earthquake 1.000, in the Guatemala war 19.000 and in the Chiapas movement 6.940. Population damaged by the eruption and the war received mass feeding; complementary feeding (vulnerable groups) and therapeutic feeding (people with tuberculosis and serious undernutrition). In the earthquake people received first, prepared food and later they were organized to bring, plan, prepare and distribute their food. In the Chiapas armed movement people received only special baby food. In all cases, population also receive nutritional information and only with the refugees and the Chiapas damaged people the local food production was promoted. We suggest evaluating every emergency program and share experiences to afford this type of situations in a better way.

  7. A bibliometric study of food and nutrition education programmes and interventions in schools in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Trescastro-López

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: 13.9% of children and young people in Spain today are obese, and 26.3% are overweight. It is therefore essential that healthy eating habits be developed early in life. Food and nutrition education, taught as part of health education programmes in schools, plays a fundamental role in instilling this behaviour. Te main goal of this publication was to conduct a bibliometric review in order to analyse the literature on food and nutrition education programmes and interventions in schools in Spain which have been shown to influence health and/or school children’s eating habits.Material and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study of the results obtained from a literature search of the databases Medline, Cochrane Library Plus en Español, Cuiden, Excelencia clínica, IBECS, Scielo, CSIC (ICYT, ISOC e IME, Lilacs, Cuidatge y Teseo. A study of bibliometric indicators: databases, journals, documents published, languages, authorship, index of collaboration, and degree of obsolescence (Burton and Kebler half-life, and Price index.Results: The search provided a total of 148 citations. The final percentage of relevant articles was 49 (33.11%. The database that provided the highest number of pertinent citations was Medline, accounting 24 (48.98%. 42 of the selected citations (85.71% corresponded to original articles. The journal with the largest number of papers was Nutrición Hospitalaria (Hospital Nutrition, accounting 11 (22.45%. The Burton and Kebler half-life was 6 years and the Price index was 42.86%.Conclusions: Many academic articles have been published concerning food and nutrition education programmes in schools in Spain, indicating the importance of acquiring healthy eating habits and behaviours in childhood and the interest this subject arouses.

  8. Nutritional Status and Nutritional Intervention of Patients with Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma%鼻咽癌患者的营养状况及营养干预

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦燕

    2013-01-01

    鼻咽癌患者在放化疗治疗时营养不足和营养风险问题比较普遍,营养不良反过来影响患者体质与行为能力,限制患者对治疗的依从性和耐受性.对住院的鼻咽癌患者进行营养筛查,能早期识别和确定存在营养风险和营养不良的患者,从而给予及时有效的营养支持.营养干预的时间是个体化很强的问题,不同患者对治疗的耐受性不同也决定了干预时间的个体化.营养干预的方式、干预的时机及持续的时间仍需更多的研究来进一步明确.%Undernutrition and nutritional risk of nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients during radiotherapy and chemotherapy are common.Undernutrition affects the patient's physical and capacity,limits the compliance and tolerance of the treatment.Nutritional screening for hospitalized patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma can early i-dentify and determine the existence of the nutritional risk and undernutrition, to give the effective nutrition support promptly.The timing of the nutrition intervention is highly individualized, different treatment tolerance of different patients determines the individualized intervention timing.Nutrition intervention methods, timing and the lasting time still need more research to further clarify.

  9. The "5 a day" game: a nutritional intervention utilising innovative methodologies with primary school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosi, Alice; Scazzina, Francesca; Ingrosso, Lisa; Morandi, Angelica; Del Rio, Daniele; Sanna, Alberto

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was observing and improving children's eating habits through an edutainment technological platform. A single-group education intervention was carried out in primary schools in Parma and Milano, Italy. A total of 76 children (32 females and 44 males, 8-10 years old) were involved in a 3-month nutritional program including lessons and educational videogames. Intakes of fruits, vegetables, juices and dietary total antioxidant capacity (TAC) were measured using 3-day food diaries before and after the intervention. The daily total consumption of fruit and vegetables increased from 421.8 (320.3) to 484.3 (337.2) g/day (p = 0.016). Consequently, daily dietary TAC increased by 26%, rising from 1.4 (1.3) to 1.6 (1.3) mmol of Trolox equivalents (p = 0.006). The methods and, particularly, the use of technological tools proved to be effective in conducting an educational intervention in children aged 8-10 years old. PMID:26307556

  10. [Clinical and preventive intervention in eating behaviour: a dialogue between psychology and nutritional sciences].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinoco, Rui; Paiva, Isabel

    2011-12-01

    The eating habits modification is a clinical challenge, both on therapeutic and preventive levels, which requires tools from various areas of health, such as psychology and nutrition. In the structured work in these areas, that includes the referral to specialist consultants, there is a need of a first intervention in Primary Health Care, in clinical and community levels. In this paper, we attempt to systematize useful information for intervention. We will start by reviewing some important interviewing skills, some models of motivational interviewing, and we will make a brief reflection about the client. Then we will analyse an individual case structured in two complementary levels of interpretation: a closer look in general factors and another that reflect the antecedents, consequences and the description of the behaviour problem. We will also tackle issues related to the context in which the individual moves. We will analyse some group intervention programs within a clinical and preventive perspectives. Finally, we will discuss some concepts related to therapeutic adherence.

  11. Workshop Report: concepts and methods in the economics of nutrition – gateways to better economic evaluation of nutrition interventions

    OpenAIRE

    Lenoir-Wijnkoop, I.; Nuijten, M. J. C.; Gutiérrez-Ibarluzea, I.; Hutton, J.; Poley, M.J.; L. Segal; Bresson, J L; van Ganse, E.; Jones, P.; Moreno, L.; Salminen, S; Dubois, D

    2012-01-01

    Improving health through better nutrition of the population may contribute to enhanced efficiency and sustainability of healthcare systems. A recent expert meeting investigated in detail a number of methodological aspects related to the discipline of nutrition economics. The role of nutrition in health maintenance and in the prevention of non-communicable diseases is now generally recognised. However, the main scope of those seeking to contain healthcare expenditures tends to focus on the man...

  12. A nutrition and conditioning intervention for natural bodybuilding contest preparation: case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Scott Lloyd; Lambeth-Mansell, Anneliese; Gillibrand, Gavin; Smith-Ryan, Abbie; Bannock, Laurent

    2015-01-01

    Bodybuilding competitions are becoming increasingly popular. Competitors are judged on their aesthetic appearance and usually exhibit a high level of muscularity and symmetry and low levels of body fat. Commonly used techniques to improve physique during the preparation phase before competitions include dehydration, periods of prolonged fasting, severe caloric restriction, excessive cardiovascular exercise and inappropriate use of diuretics and anabolic steroids. In contrast, this case study documents a structured nutrition and conditioning intervention followed by a 21 year-old amateur bodybuilding competitor to improve body composition, resting and exercise fat oxidation, and muscular strength that does not involve use of any of the above mentioned methods. Over a 14-week period, the Athlete was provided with a scientifically designed nutrition and conditioning plan that encouraged him to (i) consume a variety of foods; (ii) not neglect any macronutrient groups; (iii) exercise regularly but not excessively and; (iv) incorporate rest days into his conditioning regime. This strategy resulted in a body mass loss of 11.7 kg's, corresponding to a 6.7 kg reduction in fat mass and a 5.0 kg reduction in fat-free mass. Resting metabolic rate decreased from 1993 kcal/d to 1814 kcal/d, whereas resting fat oxidation increased from 0.04 g/min to 0.06 g/min. His capacity to oxidize fat during exercise increased more than two-fold from 0.24 g/min to 0.59 g/min, while there was a near 3-fold increase in the corresponding exercise intensity that elicited the maximal rate of fat oxidation; 21% V̇O2max to 60% V̇O2max. Hamstring concentric peak torque decreased (1.7 to 1.5 Nm/kg), whereas hamstring eccentric (2.0 Nm/kg to 2.9 Nm/kg), quadriceps concentric (3.4 Nm/kg to 3.7 Nm/kg) and quadriceps eccentric (4.9 Nm/kg to 5.7 Nm/kg) peak torque all increased. Psychological mood-state (BRUMS scale) was not negatively influenced by the intervention and all values relating to the Athlete

  13. A nutrition and conditioning intervention for natural bodybuilding contest preparation: case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Scott Lloyd; Lambeth-Mansell, Anneliese; Gillibrand, Gavin; Smith-Ryan, Abbie; Bannock, Laurent

    2015-01-01

    Bodybuilding competitions are becoming increasingly popular. Competitors are judged on their aesthetic appearance and usually exhibit a high level of muscularity and symmetry and low levels of body fat. Commonly used techniques to improve physique during the preparation phase before competitions include dehydration, periods of prolonged fasting, severe caloric restriction, excessive cardiovascular exercise and inappropriate use of diuretics and anabolic steroids. In contrast, this case study documents a structured nutrition and conditioning intervention followed by a 21 year-old amateur bodybuilding competitor to improve body composition, resting and exercise fat oxidation, and muscular strength that does not involve use of any of the above mentioned methods. Over a 14-week period, the Athlete was provided with a scientifically designed nutrition and conditioning plan that encouraged him to (i) consume a variety of foods; (ii) not neglect any macronutrient groups; (iii) exercise regularly but not excessively and; (iv) incorporate rest days into his conditioning regime. This strategy resulted in a body mass loss of 11.7 kg's, corresponding to a 6.7 kg reduction in fat mass and a 5.0 kg reduction in fat-free mass. Resting metabolic rate decreased from 1993 kcal/d to 1814 kcal/d, whereas resting fat oxidation increased from 0.04 g/min to 0.06 g/min. His capacity to oxidize fat during exercise increased more than two-fold from 0.24 g/min to 0.59 g/min, while there was a near 3-fold increase in the corresponding exercise intensity that elicited the maximal rate of fat oxidation; 21% V̇O2max to 60% V̇O2max. Hamstring concentric peak torque decreased (1.7 to 1.5 Nm/kg), whereas hamstring eccentric (2.0 Nm/kg to 2.9 Nm/kg), quadriceps concentric (3.4 Nm/kg to 3.7 Nm/kg) and quadriceps eccentric (4.9 Nm/kg to 5.7 Nm/kg) peak torque all increased. Psychological mood-state (BRUMS scale) was not negatively influenced by the intervention and all values relating to the Athlete

  14. Applications of isotopes in the development of nutrition policies and evaluation of interventions. Report of a contractual service agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the last 10-20 years, the development of science and technology applied to nutrition has been impressive. Nutrition can no longer be underestimated as a scientific discipline; nutrition embraces now modern physiology and biochemistry (including molecular biology), anthropology and the social sciences and requires real expertise from many sources, including the nuclear sector. Isotopic-based nuclear techniques provide reliable biological indicators that give, at the decision-maker level, important information to target and track progress in food and nutrition programs. They serve as tools for evaluating nutritional status of populations and individuals for micronutrients and vitamins, nutrient intake and bioavailability, body composition and energy balance. The information provided verifies the nature of the nutrition problem, helps implement or redirect on-going programs, guides in the processing of local foods and provides indicators of important long-term health improvements or broader social and economic advances. As a result of the investment in human resources undertaken by IAEA in recent years, under its mandate to promote the peaceful uses of nuclear technology, nutritionists in developing countries are now more aware of the significance and benefits of isotopic techniques. This includes stable isotopic methods that are biologically safe and have no adverse environmental impacts. Equipment is being increasingly made available by national investments in the science base. Sometimes IAEA has given specific and direct support but in many instances support previously provided for other nuclear sectors could be harnessed to address nutritional problems. In summary, the objectives now are to meet the nutrition challenges facing countries by the use of isotopes in nutritional evaluations, bearing in mind that isotopic and nuclear techniques are tools, not solutions by themselves. IAEA does not manage or fund nutrition investigations or interventions at the public

  15. The effect of health and nutrition education intervention on women's postpartum beliefs and practices: a randomized controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Yao Ping; Liu Liegang; Sun Xiufa; Mao Limei; Liu Nian; Chen Banghua

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background 'Sitting month' is the Chinese tradition for postpartum customs. Available studies indicate that some of the traditional postpartum practices are potentially harmful for women's health. However, no intervention study aiming at postpartum practices has been performed. In this paper we evaluated the effect of a health and nutrition education intervention, which focused on improving postpartum dietary quality and optimal health behaviors. Methods The study design was a random...

  16. A nutrition intervention with a main focus on vegetables and bread consumption among young men in the Norwegian National Guard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uglem, Solveig; Stea, Tonje Holte; Kjøllesdal, Marte Karoline Råberg; Frølich, Wenche; Wandel, Margareta

    2013-01-01

    Background Young men are difficult to reach with conventional nutrition information and they have a low intake of vegetables and whole grain cereals. Few intervention studies have focused on improving young men's consumption of vegetables and whole grains. Objective A 5-month intervention focusing on a combination of increased availability of healthy foods and nutritional information was developed to stimulate the intake of vegetables and semi-whole grain bread among a group of young men in the Norwegian military. Subjects A total of 376 recruits in the intervention group and 105 recruits in the control group participated in the entire study. Results The average daily increase in consumption of vegetables was 82 g (p<0.001), and semi-whole grain bread 47 g (p<0.001) between baseline and follow-up in the intervention group. No significant changes were observed in the control group. Differences between intervention and control group at follow-up were significant (p<0.001) for vegetables and semi-whole grain bread, when controlling for baseline values, and seasonal variation for vegetables. The recruits in the intervention group received higher scores on the questions concerning nutritional knowledge after the intervention, compared to baseline (p<0.001). There was a significantly higher increase in the intake of vegetables among the recruits who increased the number of correct answers to the knowledge questions (β-value: 0.14, p<0.05) than among the others. There was no significant change in scores of food satisfaction after the intervention. Conclusion The combination of increased availability of healthy food items and nutrition information was an effective way to increase the intake of vegetables and semi-whole grain bread, without a reduction in food satisfaction, among young men in the military. PMID:24155686

  17. The effect of intensive nutrition interventions on weight gain after kidney transplantation: protocol of a randomised controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Ryan, Kristin J; Casas, Jessie M Segedin; Mash, Laura E; McLellan, Sandra L; Lloyd, Lyn E; Stinear, James W.; Plank, Lindsay D; Collins, Michael G.

    2014-01-01

    Background Weight gain and obesity are common after kidney transplantation, particularly during the first year. Obesity is a risk factor for the development of new-onset diabetes after transplantation, and is associated with reduced graft survival. There is a lack of evidence for effective interventions to prevent weight gain after kidney transplantation. Methods/Design The effect of INTEnsive Nutrition interventions on weight gain after kidney Transplantation (INTENT) trial is a single-blind...

  18. A 10-Week Multimodal Nutrition Education Intervention Improves Dietary Intake among University Students: Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Mohd Razif Shahril; Wan Putri Elena Wan Dali; Pei Lin Lua

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of implementing multimodal nutrition education intervention (NEI) to improve dietary intake among university students. The design of study used was cluster randomised controlled design at four public universities in East Coast of Malaysia. A total of 417 university students participated in the study. They were randomly selected and assigned into two arms, that is, intervention group (IG) or control group (CG) according to their cluster. T...

  19. A nutrition intervention with a main focus on vegetables and bread consumption among young men in the Norwegian National Guard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solveig Uglem

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Young men are difficult to reach with conventional nutrition information and they have a low intake of vegetables and whole grain cereals. Few intervention studies have focused on improving young men's consumption of vegetables and whole grains. Objective: A 5-month intervention focusing on a combination of increased availability of healthy foods and nutritional information was developed to stimulate the intake of vegetables and semi-whole grain bread among a group of young men in the Norwegian military. Subjects: A total of 376 recruits in the intervention group and 105 recruits in the control group participated in the entire study. Results: The average daily increase in consumption of vegetables was 82 g (p<0.001, and semi-whole grain bread 47 g (p<0.001 between baseline and follow-up in the intervention group. No significant changes were observed in the control group. Differences between intervention and control group at follow-up were significant (p<0.001 for vegetables and semi-whole grain bread, when controlling for baseline values, and seasonal variation for vegetables. The recruits in the intervention group received higher scores on the questions concerning nutritional knowledge after the intervention, compared to baseline (p<0.001. There was a significantly higher increase in the intake of vegetables among the recruits who increased the number of correct answers to the knowledge questions (β-value: 0.14, p<0.05 than among the others. There was no significant change in scores of food satisfaction after the intervention. Conclusion: The combination of increased availability of healthy food items and nutrition information was an effective way to increase the intake of vegetables and semi-whole grain bread, without a reduction in food satisfaction, among young men in the military.

  20. Nutritional intervention restores muscle but not kidney phenotypes in adult calcineurin aα null mice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Kirsten; Reddy, Ramesh N; Price, S Russ;

    2013-01-01

    to thrive and early lethality of most null pups. Work in our laboratory led to the rescue of CnAα-/- mice by supplemental feeding to compensate for a defect in salivary enzyme secretion. The data revealed that, without intervention, knockout mice suffer from severe caloric restriction. Since nutritional...... and function persist in adult CnAα-/- mice including a significant decrease in glomerular filtration rate and an increase in blood urea nitrogen levels. These data indicate that impaired renal development we previously reported was not due to caloric restriction but rather a specific role for CnAα in renal......Aα likely alters insulin response due to a reduction in insulin receptor substrate-2 (IRS2) expression and signaling in muscle. This study illustrates the importance of re-examining the phenotypes of CnAα-/- mice and the advances that are now possible with the use of adult, rescued knockout animals....

  1. A nutrition intervention is effective in improving dietary components linked to cardiometabolic risk in youth with first-episode psychosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teasdale, Scott B; Ward, Philip B; Rosenbaum, Simon; Watkins, Andrew; Curtis, Jackie; Kalucy, Megan; Samaras, Katherine

    2016-06-01

    Severe mental illness is characterised by a 20-year mortality gap due to cardiometabolic disease. Poor diet in those with severe mental illness is an important and modifiable risk factor. The present study aimed to (i) examine baseline nutritional intake in youth with first-episode psychosis (FEP), (ii) evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of nutritional intervention early in FEP and (iii) to evaluate the effectiveness of early dietary intervention on key nutritional end points. Participants were recruited over a 12-month period from a community-based programme specifically targeting young people aged 15-25 years with newly diagnosed FEP. Individual dietetic consultations and practical group sessions were offered as part of a broader lifestyle programme. Dietary assessments were conducted before and at the end of the 12-week intervention. Participants exceeded recommended energy and Na intakes at baseline. Retention within the nutrition intervention was 67 %, consistent with other interventions offered to FEP clients. There was a 47 % reduction in discretionary food intake (-94 g/d, P<0·001) and reductions in daily energy (-24 %, P<0·001) and Na (-26 %, P<0·001) intakes. Diet quality significantly improved, and the mean change was 3·6 (95 % CI 0·2, 6·9, P<0·05), although this finding was not significant after Bonferroni's correction. Increased vegetable intake was the main factor contributing to improved diet quality. Nutrition intervention delivered shortly after initiation of antipsychotic medication is feasible, acceptable and effective in youth with FEP. Strategies to prevent weight gain and metabolic decline will contribute to prevent premature cardiometabolic disease in this vulnerable population. PMID:27153205

  2. Effect of rehabilitation exercise in combined with nutrition intervention on the postoperative rehabilitation after internal fixation of lower humerus fracture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming-Chao Zhang

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To explore the effect of rehabilitation exercise in combined with nutrition exercise on the elbow joint function after internal fixation of lower humerus fracture.Methods: A total of 80 patients with lower humerus fracture who were admitted in our hospital from July, 2014 to July, 2015 were included in the study and randomized into the intervention group and the control group. All the patients were preformed with internal fixation and given anti-infection, pain relieving, and anticoagulation treatments after operation. On this basis, the patients in the intervention group were given rehabilitation exercise in combined with nutrition exercise. The serum protein level 1 and 10 d after operation, and the elbow joint function recovery 12 months after operation in the two groups were compared.Results: The comparison of serum Hb, ALB, PA, and Ca 1d after operation between the two groups was not statistically significant. The serum Hb, ALB, and PA levels 10 d after operation were significantly elevated when compared with 1 d after operation. The serum Hb and PA levels 10 d after operation in the intervention group were significantly higher than those in the control group. With the extending of rehabilitation time, the various ROM of elbow joint was significantly increased when compared with before treatment. The total active motion of elbow joint flexion and extension, and forearm pronation and supination 3 and 6 months after follow-up visit in the intervention group was significantly superior to that in the control group.Conclusions:After internal fixation of lower humerus fracture, systemic rehabilitation and nutrition intervention should be taken as early as possible. Rehabilitation can effectively prevent the tissue adhesion around the joint, and promote the fracture healing and the recovery of joint function. Nutrition intervention can significantly improve the nutrition status, and is beneficial to the fracture healing.

  3. Successful Intervention for Pressure Ulcer by Nutrition Support Team: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inui, Shigeki; Konishi, Yuko; Yasui, Yoko; Harada, Toshiko; Itami, Satoshi

    2010-07-02

    A 23-year-old woman with heart failure developed pressure ulcer on her sacral area due to a long-term bed rest and impaired hemodynamics. The ulcer improved only slightly after 2 months with povidone-iodine sugar ointment because of severe nausea and anorexia. Then, the nutrition support team (NST) started intervention and estimated the patient's malnutrition from her body weight (30.1 kg), body mass index (BMI) (13.9), triceps skinfold thickness (TSF) (3.5 mm), arm circumference (AC) (17.2 cm) and serum albumin (2.6 g/dl). The NST administrated an enteral nutrition formula through a nasogastric tube and tried to provide meals according to the patient's taste. Although DESIGN score improved to 7 (DESIGN: d2e1s2i1g1n0 = 7) 2 months later, severe nausea prevented the patient from taking any food perorally. However, after nasogastric decannulation, her appetite improved and 1 month later her body weight increased to 32.8 kg, her BMI to 15.2, TSF to 7.5 mm, AC to 19.7 cm and serum albumin to 4.1 g/dl, and the wound completely healed.

  4. Change in Metabolic Profile after 1-Year Nutritional-Behavioral Intervention in Obese Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elvira Verduci

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Research findings are inconsistent about improvement of specific cardio-metabolic variables after lifestyle intervention in obese children. The aim of this trial was to evaluate the effect of a 1-year intervention, based on normocaloric diet and physical activity, on body mass index (BMI, blood lipid profile, glucose metabolism and metabolic syndrome. Eighty-five obese children aged ≥6 years were analyzed. The BMI z-score was calculated. Fasting blood samples were analyzed for lipids, insulin and glucose. The homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR was calculated and insulin resistance was defined as HOMA-IR >3.16. HOMA-β%, quantitative insulin sensitivity check index and triglyceride glucose index were calculated. The metabolic syndrome was defined in accordance with the International Diabetes Federation criteria. At the end of intervention children showed a reduction (mean (95% CI in BMI z-score (−0.58 (−0.66; −0.50, triglycerides (−0.35 (−0.45; −0.25 mmol/L and triglyceride glucose index (−0.29 (−0.37; −0.21, and an increase in HDL cholesterol (0.06 (0.01; 0.11 mmol/L. Prevalence of insulin resistance declined from 51.8% to 36.5% and prevalence of metabolic syndrome from 17.1% to 4.9%. Nutritional-behavioral interventions can improve the blood lipid profile and insulin sensitivity in obese children, and possibly provide benefits in terms of metabolic syndrome.

  5. The Effect of a Summer Camp Intervention on the Nutrition Knowledge and Dietary Behavior of Adolescent Girls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jennings, Leah; Nepocatych, Svetlana; Ketcham, Caroline; Duffy, Diane

    2016-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to design a rewards-based nutrition intervention program to improve knowledge and dietary behaviors of adolescent girls. Our participants consisted of eight girls ages 11 to 13 years. Nutritional knowledge was assessed before and after intervention program through a "Jeopardy" style quiz game and posttest questionnaires. Participants were also interviewed throughout the week about typical dietary behaviors, daily physical activity, and self-esteem. Educational activities took place for 2 to 3 hours each day and included a grocery store scavenger hunt, healthy baking demonstrations, and relay races. Participants received bracelets and charms as rewards for participation in activities. Nutritional knowledge increased for six out of eight participants, although the overall increase was not found to be statistically significant (p = .20). Significant correlations were found between measures including dietary behavior (soda consumption per week and perceived importance of body weight: r = -.827, p = .01), self-esteem (weight and endurance: r = .801, p = .03), and fitness levels (weight and curl-ups completed in 30 seconds: r = -.729, p = .04). This study shows promising evidence that this nutrition education intervention could be effective at increasing nutrition knowledge, thus potentially affecting future dietary behaviors of adolescent girls. PMID:27044609

  6. Position of the American Dietetic Association: Nutrition intervention in the treatment of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and other eating disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that nutrition intervention, including nutritional counseling, by a registered dietitian (RD) is an essential component of the team treatment of patients with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and other eating disorders during assessment and treatment across the continuum of care. Diagnostic criteria for eating disorders provide important guidelines for identification and treatment. However, it is thought that a continuum of disordered eating may exist that ranges from persistent dieting to subthreshold conditions and then to defined eating disorders, which include anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. Understanding the complexities of eating disorders, such as influencing factors, comorbid illness, medical and psychological complications, and boundary issues, is critical in the effective treatment of eating disorders. The nature of eating disorders requires a collaborative approach by an interdisciplinary team of psychological, nutritional, and medical specialists. The RD is an integral member of the treatment team and is uniquely qualified to provide medical nutrition therapy for the normalization of eating patterns and nutritional status. RDs provide nutritional counseling, recognize clinical signs related to eating disorders, and assist with medical monitoring while cognizant of psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy that are cornerstones of eating disorder treatment. Specialized resources are available for RDs to advance their level of expertise in the field of eating disorders. Further efforts with evidenced-based research must continue for improved treatment outcomes related to eating disorders along with identification of effective primary and secondary interventions.

  7. Planned development and evaluation protocol of two versions of a web-based computer-tailored nutrition education intervention aimed at adults, including cognitive and environmental feedback

    OpenAIRE

    Springvloet, Linda; Lechner, Lilian; Oenema, Anke

    2014-01-01

    Background Despite decades of nutrition education, the prevalence of unhealthy dietary patterns is still high and inequalities in intake between high and low socioeconomic groups still exist. Therefore, it is important to innovate and improve existing nutrition education interventions. This paper describes the development, design and evaluation protocol of a web-based computer-tailored nutrition education intervention for adults targeting fruit, vegetable, high-energy snack and fat intake. Th...

  8. Development and Implementation of a Summer Youth Nutrition Education and Physical Activity Intervention in a Rural Mississippi Delta Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Our purpose was to implement a sustainable community-based sport intervention that encourages physical activity and healthy eating, with potential for preventing obesity among children ages 5-12 years. Presented is descriptive information of the development of a summer nutrition and physical activit...

  9. Differences in fat and sodium intake across hypertension subgroups in the Mississippi Communities for Healthy Living (MCHL) Nutrition Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    The objective of this study is to examine differences between self-reported intakes of sodium, trans-fat, and total fat among hypertension (HTN) subgroups of participants in Mississippi Communities for Healthy Living nutrition education intervention. Dietary intake was measured using a food frequenc...

  10. Perceptions of community-based participatory research in the delta nutrition intervention research initiative:an academic perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lower Mississippi Delta Nutrition Intervention Research Initiative (Delta NIRI) is an academic-community partnership between seven academic institutions and three communities in Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisiana. A range of community-based participatory methods have been employed to develop susta...

  11. Nutritional counselling in primary health care: a randomized comparison of an intervention by general practitioner or dietician

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Willaing, Ingrid; Ladelund, Steen; Jørgensen, Torben;

    2004-01-01

    AIMS: To compare health effects and risk reduction in two different strategies of nutritional counselling in primary health care for patients at high risk of ischaemic heart disease. METHODS: In a cluster-randomized trial 60 general practitioners (GPs) in the Copenhagen County were randomized...... to give nutritional counselling or to refer patients to a dietician. Patients were included after opportunistically screening (n=503 patients), and received nutritional counselling by GP or dietician over 12 months. Health effects were measured by changes in weight, waist circumference and blood lipids...... of cardiovascular disease and addressed these when counselling. The guidance from a GP was of significant importance for risk reduction in relation to IHD. However, a long-term lifestyle intervention by GP was difficult to implement. In the case of obesity it was effective to refer to long-term nutritional...

  12. Nutritional counselling in primary health care: a randomized comparison of an intervention by general practitioner or dietician

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Willaing, Ingrid; Ladelund, Steen; Jørgensen, Torben;

    2004-01-01

    AIMS: To compare health effects and risk reduction in two different strategies of nutritional counselling in primary health care for patients at high risk of ischaemic heart disease. METHODS: In a cluster-randomized trial 60 general practitioners (GPs) in the Copenhagen County were randomized to...... give nutritional counselling or to refer patients to a dietician. Patients were included after opportunistically screening (n=503 patients), and received nutritional counselling by GP or dietician over 12 months. Health effects were measured by changes in weight, waist circumference and blood lipids...... cardiovascular disease and addressed these when counselling. The guidance from a GP was of significant importance for risk reduction in relation to IHD. However, a long-term lifestyle intervention by GP was difficult to implement. In the case of obesity it was effective to refer to long-term nutritional...

  13. Impact of nutrition management in patients with head and neck cancers treated with irradiation: is the nutritional intervention useful?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aims. The head and neck tumors are most often associated with a precarious nutritional status. Radiotherapy increases the risk of de-nutrition because of its secondary effects on the secretory and sensorial mucous membranes. The purpose of our retrospectively study was to evaluate the interest of a precocious and regular nutritional therapy on the ability to maintain the nutritional status of the patient during the radiotherapy. Patients and methods. The fifty-two patients included in the survey have been classified retrospectively in two different groups based on their observance to the nutritional therapy: group 1 'good observance', group 2 'bad observance'. Results. The 31 patients of group 1 have lost an average of 1.9 kg by the end of the irradiation, whereas the 21 patients of group 2 have lost an average of 6.1 kg (p < 0.001). The almost stability in weight of patients in group 1 was linked to a lower frequency of breaks in the radio-therapy (6 vs 33% p = 0.03) and in a decrease in grade of inflammatory, mucous membranes (10% of grade 3 in group 1 vs 52% in group 2, p = 0.006). The quantity of calories ingested in form of nutritional supplements was greater in group 1 and consequently enabled patients to stabilized their weight (1200 calories in group 1 versus 850 calories in group 2, p < 0.005). Conclusions. The given nutritional advice and the prescription of adapted nutritional supplements consequently allowed limiting efficiently the weight lost during the irradiation and the grade of mucositis. The systematization of a precocious nutritional therapy for patients irradiated for head and neck tumors seems absolutely essential. (authors)

  14. “Smart” RCTs: Development of a Smartphone App for Fully Automated Nutrition-Labeling Intervention Trials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Nicole; Dunford, Elizabeth; Eyles, Helen; Crino, Michelle; Michie, Jo; Ni Mhurchu, Cliona

    2016-01-01

    Background There is substantial interest in the effects of nutrition labels on consumer food-purchasing behavior. However, conducting randomized controlled trials on the impact of nutrition labels in the real world presents a significant challenge. Objective The Food Label Trial (FLT) smartphone app was developed to enable conducting fully automated trials, delivering intervention remotely, and collecting individual-level data on food purchases for two nutrition-labeling randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in New Zealand and Australia. Methods Two versions of the smartphone app were developed: one for a 5-arm trial (Australian) and the other for a 3-arm trial (New Zealand). The RCT protocols guided requirements for app functionality, that is, obtaining informed consent, two-stage eligibility check, questionnaire administration, randomization, intervention delivery, and outcome assessment. Intervention delivery (nutrition labels) and outcome data collection (individual shopping data) used the smartphone camera technology, where a barcode scanner was used to identify a packaged food and link it with its corresponding match in a food composition database. Scanned products were either recorded in an electronic list (data collection mode) or allocated a nutrition label on screen if matched successfully with an existing product in the database (intervention delivery mode). All recorded data were transmitted to the RCT database hosted on a server. Results In total approximately 4000 users have downloaded the FLT app to date; 606 (Australia) and 1470 (New Zealand) users met the eligibility criteria and were randomized. Individual shopping data collected by participants currently comprise more than 96,000 (Australia) and 229,000 (New Zealand) packaged food and beverage products. Conclusions The FLT app is one of the first smartphone apps to enable conducting fully automated RCTs. Preliminary app usage statistics demonstrate large potential of such technology, both for

  15. Pilot Study Results for a Novel Behavior Plus Nutrition Intervention for Caregivers of Young Children with Type 1 Diabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patton, Susana R.; Odar, Cathleen; Midyett, L. Kurt; Clements, Mark A.

    2014-01-01

    Objective This pilot study presents results for a parent-based educational intervention targeting mealtime behaviors plus nutrition among families of young children (M age: 5.0±1.2 years) with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Methods We recruited nine caregivers who participated in the six-session intervention and completed baseline and post-treatment assessments. Results Children’s mean daily glycemic levels decreased from 185±46 mg/dl to 159±40 mg/dl (p<0.001). There were also decreases in problematic parent and child mealtime behaviors. There was no change in children’s dietary intake indicators. Conclusions and Implications It appears promising that our targeted behavior plus nutrition intervention can improve glycemic control and behavior for young children with T1DM. Our next step will be to modify the intervention to improve our nutrition education modules. Ultimately, we plan to test the intervention in a large randomized clinical trial to examine if it can yield improvements to children’s diet and glycated hemoglobin levels. PMID:24438850

  16. Effects of a nutritional intervention program based on the self-determination theory and promoting the Mediterranean diet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicky Leblanc

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Our objective was to determine gender differences in the impact of a nutritional intervention based on the self-determination theory and promoting the Mediterranean diet on changes in eating-related self-determined motivation and adherence to the Mediterranean diet. Changes in eating-related self-determined motivation were larger in men than in women in response to the intervention and at follow-up, but the magnitude of change decreased with time in both genders. Changes in eating-related self-determined motivation were positively associated with changes in the Mediterranean diet adherence in response to the intervention and at follow-up in men only, suggesting that the nutritional program seems to fit better men than women.

  17. Integration of priority population, health and nutrition interventions into health systems: systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adeyi Olusoji

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Objective of the study was to assess the effects of strategies to integrate targeted priority population, health and nutrition interventions into health systems on patient health outcomes and health system effectiveness and thus to compare integrated and non-integrated health programmes. Methods Systematic review using Cochrane methodology of analysing randomised trials, controlled before-and-after and interrupted time series studies. We defined specific strategies to search PubMed, CENTRAL and the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group register, considered studies published from January 1998 until September 2008, and tracked references and citations. Two reviewers independently agreed on eligibility, with an additional arbiter as needed, and extracted information on outcomes: primary (improved health, financial protection, and user satisfaction and secondary (improved population coverage, access to health services, efficiency, and quality using standardised, pre-piloted forms. Two reviewers in the final stage of selection jointly assessed quality of all selected studies using the GRADE criteria. Results Of 8,274 citations identified 12 studies met inclusion criteria. Four studies compared the benefits of Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses in Tanzania and Bangladesh, showing improved care management and higher utilisation of health facilities at no additional cost. Eight studies focused on integrated delivery of mental health and substance abuse services in the United Kingdom and United States of America. Integrated service delivery resulted in better clinical outcomes and greater reduction of substance abuse in specific sub-groups of patients, with no significant difference found overall. Quality of care, patient satisfaction, and treatment engagement were higher in integrated delivery models. Conclusions Targeted priority population health interventions we identified led to improved health

  18. The Effect of Early Interventions in Health and Nutrition on On-Time School Enrollment: Evidence from the Oportunidades Program in Rural Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Todd, Jessica E.; Paul Winters

    2011-01-01

    This article assesses whether early intervention to improve children's health and nutrition increases the probability of enrolling in primary school on time. Using experimental data from the Mexican conditional cash transfer (CCT) program, Oportunidades, a cross-sectional double-difference estimator on observations from two age cohorts of children is used to identify the impact of early intervention. The results indicate that early health and nutrition interventions can have a positive impact...

  19. Nutrition

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... you would like to see a registered dietitian nutritionist for nutritional guidance when you have lung cancer. ... seek out the expertise of a registered dietitian nutritionist (RDN) who works with lung cancer patients. This ...

  20. A STUDY TO EVALUATE THE EFFECT OF NUTRITIONAL INTERVENTION MEASURES ON CHILDREN WITH SEVERE ACUTE MALNUTRITION ADMITTED IN NUTRITION REHABILITATION CENTER AT CIVIL HOSPITAL BAIRAGARH, BHOPAL, MADHYA PRADESH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ritesh

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The state of Madhya Pradesh has 1.3 million severely malnourished children. Nutrition rehabilitation centers (NRCs were started in the state to control severe malnutrition and decrease the prevalence of severe malnourished children to less than 1% among c hildren aged 1 – 5 years. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of nutritional interventional measures for children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM admitted in Nutrition Rehabilitation Center by reviewing anthropometric indicators. Material and methods: The p resent study was conducted from July 2014 to December 2014; all children admitted during the study period in NRC civil hospital Bairagarh, Bhopal were observed during their stay at NRC to analyze the effect of interventional measures on select anthropometr ic and outcome indicators. The data were entered into Microsoft excel spreadsheet and analyzed. RESULT: 61.8 % of the total 102 children admitted were female, 42.1% were in the age group of 13 – 24 months and 34.3% in the age group of 0 - 12 months. About 60% of the population belonged to schedule caste and tribe. The mean weight at admission was 6.4 kg and on discharge 7.09 kg. Of the total 102, 8 children defaulted and 92 were discharged amongst them 66.3% were recovered. CONCLUSION: The study reveals a propo rtion of 66.3% children amongst the study group recovered with at least 15% weight gain of initial weight

  1. Protein energy wasting in chronic kidney disease: An update with focus on nutritional interventions to improve outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yashpal P Jadeja

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Protein-energy wasting (PEW is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD. PEW is one of the strongest predictors of mortality in patients with CKD. The International Society of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism (ISRNM expert panel has defined PEW as a, "state of decreased body stores of protein and energy fuels (body protein and fat masses". The ISRNM panel has also proposed diagnostic criteria of PEW with four categories. Cachexia is a severe form of PEW. The proposed causes of PEW are multi-factorial and include nutritional and non-nutritional mechanisms. The literature indicates that PEW can be mitigated or corrected with an appropriate diet and enteral nutritional support that targets dietary protein intake. Dietary requirements and enteral nutritional support must also be considered in patients with CKD and diabetes mellitus and in children with CKD, in addition to dialysis patients. Features of ideal dietary supplement have also been discussed. Dietary interventions such as enteral feeding with high-protein meals or supplements might improve the nutritional status and outcomes in dialysis patients.

  2. Effects of short-term nutritional interventions on right ventricular function in healthy men.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ralph L Widya

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: A physiological model of increased plasma nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA levels result in myocardial triglyceride (TG accumulation, which is related to cardiac dysfunction. A pathophysiological model of increased plasma NEFA levels result in hepatic steatosis, which has been linked to abnormal myocardial energy metabolism. Hepatic steatosis is accompanied by hepatic inflammation, reflected by plasma cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP levels. The current study aimed to investigate effects of these models via different nutritional interventions on right ventricular (RV function. METHODS: Fifteen men (age 25.0±6.6 years were included and underwent magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy in this prospective crossover intervention study. RV function, myocardial and hepatic TG content, and CETP levels were assessed on three occasions: after normal diet, very low-calorie diet (VLCD, physiological model and high-fat high-energy (HFHE, pathophysiological model diet (all 3-days diets, randomly ordered, washout phase at least 14 days. RESULTS: VLCD induced a decrease in mean E deceleration by 27%. Myocardial TG content increased by 55%, whereas hepatic TG content decreased by 32%. Plasma CETP levels decreased by 14% (all P<0.05. HFHE diet induced a decrease in E/A by 19% (P<0.05. Myocardial TG content did not change, whereas hepatic TG content increased by 112% (P<0.01. Plasma CETP levels increased by 14% (P<0.05. CONCLUSIONS: These findings show that RV diastolic function is impaired after short-term VLCD and HFHE diet in healthy men, respectively a physiological and a pathophysiological model of increased plasma NEFA levels. After short-term VLCD, myocardial lipotoxicity may be of importance in decreased RV diastolic function. RV diastolic dysfunction is accompanied by increased hepatic TG content and plasma CETP levels after short-term HFHE diet, suggesting that systemic inflammation reflecting local macrophage infiltration in the

  3. Diet-Induced Cognitive Deficits: The Role of Fat and Sugar, Potential Mechanisms and Nutritional Interventions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica E. Beilharz

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available It is of vital importance to understand how the foods which are making us fat also act to impair cognition. In this review, we compare the effects of acute and chronic exposure to high-energy diets on cognition and examine the relative contributions of fat (saturated and polyunsaturated and sugar to these deficits. Hippocampal-dependent memory appears to be particularly vulnerable to the effects of high-energy diets and these deficits can occur rapidly and prior to weight gain. More chronic diet exposure seems necessary however to impair other sorts of memory. Many potential mechanisms have been proposed to underlie diet-induced cognitive decline and we will focus on inflammation and the neurotrophic factor, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF. Finally, given supplementation of diets with omega-3 and curcumin has been shown to have positive effects on cognitive function in healthy ageing humans and in disease states, we will discuss how these nutritional interventions may attenuate diet-induced cognitive decline. We hope this approach will provide important insights into the causes of diet-induced cognitive deficits, and inform the development of novel therapeutics to prevent or ameliorate such memory impairments.

  4. Pilot nutrition and physical activity intervention for preschool children attending daycare centres (JUNJI: primary and secondary outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Salazar

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: A pilot intervention was conducted to promote physical activity and nutrition in public preschool education (near half a million children in Chile, in order to prevent obesity. Objective: To assess the primary (body fat and secondary outcomes (physical activity and energy intake of a nutrition and physical activity pilot intervention for preschool children, attending day care centres. Methods: A pilot intervention in six day care centres selected at random (n = 530, in 4-5 years old preschool children, Santiago, Chile intending to: provide nutritional and physical activity education to educators and health promotion activities for the family, which in turn, will affect the primary (body fat, and secondary outcomes (physical activity pattern and energy food intake were measured in a representative subsample of 120 intervened and 145 controls children. Results: In relation to secondary outcomes monitoring, moderate-vigorous activity was duplicated in the intervention group (+5.4% and +4.7%, respectively, in both obese and eutrophic children. Energy intake decreased in 11.7% in obese and 7.5% in eutrophic children. Dietary fat intake was reduced (-11 g in obese and -8.4 g in eutrophic children. Intervened obese children reduced body fat in 1.5%, meanwhile in control obese children, body fat increased 1.3% (p < 0.01. Conclusions: The pilot intervention demonstrated the feasibility to influence dietary risk factors and physical activity at the day care centres and families. Therefore, the implementation of the validated intervention program will be tested in different weather conditions, to prevent unhealthy habits in preschool children and their families.

  5. Anti-inflammatory nutritional intervention in patients with relapsing-remitting and primary-progressive multiple sclerosis: A pilot study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossano, Rocco; Larocca, Marilena; Trotta, Vincenzo; Mennella, Ilario; Vitaglione, Paola; Ettorre, Michele; Graverini, Antonio; De Santis, Alessandro; Di Monte, Elisabetta; Coniglio, Maria Gabriella

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this work was to assess the influence of nutritional intervention on inflammatory status and wellness in people with multiple sclerosis. To this end, in a seven-month pilot study we investigated the effects of a calorie-restricted, semi-vegetarian diet and administration of vitamin D and other dietary supplements (fish oil, lipoic acid, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, resveratrol and multivitamin complex) in 33 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis and 10 patients with primary-progressive multiple sclerosis. At 0/3/6 months, patients had neurological examination, filled questionnaires and underwent anthropometric measurements and biochemical analyses. Serum fatty acids and vitamin D levels were measured as markers of dietary compliance and nutritional efficacy of treatment, whereas serum gelatinase levels were analyzed as markers of inflammatory status. All patients had insufficient levels of vitamin D at baseline, but their values did not ameliorate following a weekly administration of 5000  IU, and rather decreased over time. Conversely, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids increased already after three months, even under dietary restriction only. Co-treatment with interferon-beta in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis was irrelevant to vitamin D levels. After six months nutritional treatment, no significant changes in neurological signs were observed in any group. However, serum levels of the activated isoforms of gelatinase matrix metalloproteinase-9 decreased by 59% in primary-progressive multiple sclerosis and by 51% in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients under nutritional intervention, including dietary supplements. This study indicates that a healthy nutritional intervention is well accepted by people with multiple sclerosis and may ameliorate their physical and inflammatory status. PMID:26785711

  6. Anti-inflammatory nutritional intervention in patients with relapsing-remitting and primary-progressive multiple sclerosis: A pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riccio, Paolo; Rossano, Rocco; Larocca, Marilena; Trotta, Vincenzo; Mennella, Ilario; Vitaglione, Paola; Ettorre, Michele; Graverini, Antonio; De Santis, Alessandro; Di Monte, Elisabetta; Coniglio, Maria Gabriella

    2016-03-01

    The aim of this work was to assess the influence of nutritional intervention on inflammatory status and wellness in people with multiple sclerosis. To this end, in a seven-month pilot study we investigated the effects of a calorie-restricted, semi-vegetarian diet and administration of vitamin D and other dietary supplements (fish oil, lipoic acid, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, resveratrol and multivitamin complex) in 33 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis and 10 patients with primary-progressive multiple sclerosis. At 0/3/6 months, patients had neurological examination, filled questionnaires and underwent anthropometric measurements and biochemical analyses. Serum fatty acids and vitamin D levels were measured as markers of dietary compliance and nutritional efficacy of treatment, whereas serum gelatinase levels were analyzed as markers of inflammatory status. All patients had insufficient levels of vitamin D at baseline, but their values did not ameliorate following a weekly administration of 5000  IU, and rather decreased over time. Conversely, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids increased already after three months, even under dietary restriction only. Co-treatment with interferon-beta in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis was irrelevant to vitamin D levels. After six months nutritional treatment, no significant changes in neurological signs were observed in any group. However, serum levels of the activated isoforms of gelatinase matrix metalloproteinase-9 decreased by 59% in primary-progressive multiple sclerosis and by 51% in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients under nutritional intervention, including dietary supplements. This study indicates that a healthy nutritional intervention is well accepted by people with multiple sclerosis and may ameliorate their physical and inflammatory status.

  7. Anti-inflammatory nutritional intervention in patients with relapsing-remitting and primary-progressive multiple sclerosis: A pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riccio, Paolo; Rossano, Rocco; Larocca, Marilena; Trotta, Vincenzo; Mennella, Ilario; Vitaglione, Paola; Ettorre, Michele; Graverini, Antonio; De Santis, Alessandro; Di Monte, Elisabetta; Coniglio, Maria Gabriella

    2016-03-01

    The aim of this work was to assess the influence of nutritional intervention on inflammatory status and wellness in people with multiple sclerosis. To this end, in a seven-month pilot study we investigated the effects of a calorie-restricted, semi-vegetarian diet and administration of vitamin D and other dietary supplements (fish oil, lipoic acid, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, resveratrol and multivitamin complex) in 33 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis and 10 patients with primary-progressive multiple sclerosis. At 0/3/6 months, patients had neurological examination, filled questionnaires and underwent anthropometric measurements and biochemical analyses. Serum fatty acids and vitamin D levels were measured as markers of dietary compliance and nutritional efficacy of treatment, whereas serum gelatinase levels were analyzed as markers of inflammatory status. All patients had insufficient levels of vitamin D at baseline, but their values did not ameliorate following a weekly administration of 5000  IU, and rather decreased over time. Conversely, omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids increased already after three months, even under dietary restriction only. Co-treatment with interferon-beta in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis was irrelevant to vitamin D levels. After six months nutritional treatment, no significant changes in neurological signs were observed in any group. However, serum levels of the activated isoforms of gelatinase matrix metalloproteinase-9 decreased by 59% in primary-progressive multiple sclerosis and by 51% in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients under nutritional intervention, including dietary supplements. This study indicates that a healthy nutritional intervention is well accepted by people with multiple sclerosis and may ameliorate their physical and inflammatory status. PMID:26785711

  8. Randomized Nutrition Education Intervention to Improve Carbohydrate Counting in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Study: Is More Intensive Education Needed?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiegel, Gail; Bortsov, Andrey; Bishop, Franziska K.; Owen, Darcy; Klingensmith, Georgeanna J.; Mayer-Davis, Elizabeth J.; Maahs, David M.

    2012-01-01

    Background and Objectives Youth with type 1 diabetes do not count carbohydrates (CHOs) accurately, yet it is an important strategy in blood glucose control. The study objective was to determine whether a nutrition education intervention would improve CHO counting accuracy and glycemic control. Design Randomized, controlled, nutrition intervention trial recruited February 2009 to February 2010. Participants and Methods Youth (12-18 years, n=101) with type 1 diabetes were screened to identify those with poor CHO counting accuracy, using a previously developed CHO counting accuracy test covering commonly consumed foods and beverage items presented in six mixed meals and two snacks. All participants (n=66, age=15 ± 3 yrs, 41 male, diabetes duration=6 ± 4 yrs, HbA1c=8.3 ± 1.1%) were randomized to the control or intervention group at the baseline visit. The intervention group attended a 90 minute class with a RD/CDE and twice kept three-day food records, which were used to review CHO counting progress. Main Outcome Measures CHO counting accuracy (measured as described above) and HbA1c were evaluated at baseline and three months to determine the effectiveness of the intervention. Statistical Analyses T-tests, Spearman correlations, and repeated measures models were used. Results At baseline, CHO content was over and underestimated in 16 and five of 29 food items, respectively. When foods were presented as mixed meals, participants either significantly over or underestimated 10 of the nine meals and four snacks. After three months of follow-up, HbA1c decreased in both the intervention and control groups by −0.19 ± 0.12% (p=0.12) and −0.08 ± 0.11% (p=0.51) respectively; however, the overall intervention effect was not statistically significant for change in HbA1c or CHO counting accuracy. Conclusions More intensive intervention may be required to improve adolescents’ CHO counting accuracy and nutrition management of type 1 diabetes. Further research is needed to

  9. Impact of an early education multimedia intervention in managing nutrition-related chemotherapy side effects: a pilot study

    OpenAIRE

    Thompson, Julie; Silliman, Kathryn; Clifford, Dawn E

    2013-01-01

    Background The purpose of the educational intervention was to measure changes in knowledge, perceived benefit of nutrition, and perceived self efficacy in handling side effects of chemotherapy before and after viewing a 15 minute DVD among patients with cancer. Methods A convenience sample of 14 (4 male, 10 female, 61 ± 9 years) patients with cancer, early to chemotherapy, participated in the study. Participants completed a survey with demographic, knowledge items, and perceived health belief...

  10. Parenteral nutrition combined with rice soup can be a safe and effective intervention for congenital chylous ascites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Yi; Yan, Weihui; Lu, Lina; Tao, Yijing; Lu, Wei; Chen, Yingwei; Tang, Qingya; Cai, Wei

    2016-01-01

    Congenital chylous ascites in the neonatal period is a rare entity. Total parenteral nutrition (TPN), medium chain triglyceride (MCT)-based diet, octreotide and repeated paracentesis are regarded as appropriate medical treatment for congenital chylous ascites, and surgery is recommended when conservative therapy has failed. We present two cases in which ascites were confirmed via an abdominal sonogram and diagnostic paracentesis. In our clinical experience, rice soup combined with PN can be a safe and effective intervention. PMID:27440699

  11. Dietary components and risk of total, cancer and cardiovascular disease mortality in the Linxian Nutrition Intervention Trials cohort in China

    OpenAIRE

    Jian-Bing Wang; Jin-Hu Fan; Dawsey, Sanford M.; Rashmi Sinha; Freedman, Neal D.; Taylor, Philip R.; You-Lin Qiao; Abnet, Christian C.

    2016-01-01

    Although previous studies have shown that dietary consumption of certain food groups is associated with a lower risk of cancer, heart disease and stroke mortality in western populations, limited prospective data are available from China. We prospectively examined the association between dietary intake of different food groups at baseline and risk of total, cancer, heart disease and stroke mortality outcomes in the Linxian Nutrition Intervention Trials(NIT) cohort. In 1984–1991, 2445 subjects ...

  12. School-Based Intervention for Nutrition Promotion in Mi Yun County, Beijing, China: Does a Health-Promoting School Approach Improve Parents' Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviour?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Dongxu; Stewart, Donald; Chang, Chun

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to assess whether the school-based nutrition programme using the health-promoting school (HPS) framework was effective to improve parents' knowledge, attitudes and behaviour (KAB) in relation to nutrition in rural Mi Yun County, Beijing. Design/methodology/approach: A cluster-randomised intervention trial…

  13. Nutrition Education intervention in dyslipidemic children and adolescent with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM)

    OpenAIRE

    Asmaa m. Abdallah*, Zainab B* and Mohamed M. A. Shahat

    2008-01-01

    Background: Diabetes mellitus is the most common endocrine metabolic disorder of childhood and adolescence with important consequences for physical and emotional development. Aim of the study: This study was designed to detect the effect of diet therapy (through nutrition education program) on lipid profile and blood glucose level in diabetic children. Subjects and Methods: The study was carried on 45 diabetic children aged between 8-15 years old at diabetic nutrition clinic of nutrition inst...

  14. Fat Soluble Vitamins in Cystic Fibrosis and Pancreatic Insufficiency: Efficacy of a Nutrition Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertolaso, Chiara; Groleau, Veronique; Schall, Joan I.; Maqbool, Asim; Mascarenhas, Maria; Latham, Norma; Dougherty, Kelly A.; Stallings, Virginia A.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To assess the impact of LYM-X-SORB™ (LXS), an organized lipid matrix that has previously been shown to be absorbable without pancreatic enzyme therapy on fat soluble vitamin status in children with CF and PI. Methods Children with CF and PI were randomized to daily LXS or an iso-caloric placebo comparison supplement for 12 months. Serum vitamins A (retinol), D (25-hydroxyvitamin D[25D]), E (α-tocopherol, α-tocopherol:cholesterol ratio) and K (%undercarboxylated osteocalcin [%ucOC] and plasma proteins induced by vitamin K absence factor II [PIVKA II]) were assessed at baseline and 12 months. Dietary intake was determined using 3-day weighed food records, and supplemental vitamin intake by a comprehensive questionnaire. Results 58 subjects (32 males, age 10.3±2.9 yrs [mean±SD]) with complete serum vitamin, dietary and supplemental vitamin data were analyzed. After adjusting for dietary and supplemental vitamin intake, serum retinol increased 3.0±1.4 μg/dL (coefficient±SE) (Adj R2=0.02, p=0.03) and vitamin K status improved as demonstrated by a decreased %ucOC of −6.0±1.6% by 12 months (Adj R2=0.15, p<0.001). These changes occurred in both the LXS and placebo comparison groups. No changes in serum 25D or α-tocopherol were detected. Both nutrition interventions increased caloric intake a mean of 83±666 kcal/d by 12 months. Conclusions Vitamin A and K status improved, while vitamin D and E status was unchanged over 12 month of LXS and iso-caloric placebo comparison supplement in children with CF and PI. PMID:24345827

  15. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Interventions for the Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raynor, Hollie A; Champagne, Catherine M

    2016-01-01

    It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that successful treatment of overweight and obesity in adults requires adoption and maintenance of lifestyle behaviors contributing to both dietary intake and physical activity. These behaviors are influenced by many factors; therefore, interventions incorporating more than one level of the socioecological model and addressing several key factors in each level may be more successful than interventions targeting any one level and factor alone. Registered dietitian nutritionists, as part of a multidisciplinary team, need to be current and skilled in weight management to effectively assist and lead efforts that can reduce the obesity epidemic. Using the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics' Evidence Analysis Process and Evidence Analysis Library, this position paper presents the current data and recommendations for the treatment of overweight and obesity in adults. Evidence on intrapersonal influences, such as dietary approaches, lifestyle intervention, pharmacotherapy, and surgery, is provided. Factors related to treatment, such as intensity of treatment and technology, are reviewed. Community-level interventions that strengthen existing community assets and capacity and public policy to create environments that support healthy energy balance behaviors are also discussed. PMID:26718656

  16. The effect of early interventions in health and nutrition on on-time school enrollment: evidence from the Oportunidades Program in rural Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todd, Jessica E; Winters, Paul

    2011-01-01

    This article assesses whether early intervention to improve children's health and nutrition increases the probability of enrolling in primary school on time. Using experimental data from the Mexican conditional cash transfer (CCT) program, Oportunidades, a cross-sectional double-difference estimator on observations from two age cohorts of children is used to identify the impact of early intervention. The results indicate that early health and nutrition interventions can have a positive impact on the timing of enrollment and that caregiver characteristics affect the magnitude of the impact. Early intervention also appears to decrease days of school missed. Overall the results indicate that the full impact of CCT programs on education cannot be measured in the short run as benefits of early health and nutrition interventions may be also felt in the distant future. PMID:21744546

  17. Nutrition intervention is beneficial in oncology outpatients receiving radiotherapy to the gastrointestinal or head and neck area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isenring, E A; Capra, S; Bauer, J D

    2004-08-01

    Malnutrition occurs frequently in patients with cancer of the gastrointestinal (GI) or head and neck area and can lead to negative outcomes. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of early and intensive nutrition intervention (NI) on body weight, body composition, nutritional status, global quality of life (QoL) and physical function compared to usual practice in oncology outpatients receiving radiotherapy to the GI or head and neck area. Outpatients commencing at least 20 fractions of radiotherapy to the GI or head and neck area were randomised to receive intensive, individualised nutrition counselling by a dietitian using a standard protocol and oral supplements if required, or the usual practice of the centre (general advice and nutrition booklet). Outcome parameters were measured at baseline and 4, 8 and 12 weeks after commencing radiotherapy using valid and reliable tools. A total of 60 patients (51 M : 9 F; mean age 61.9+/-14.0 years) were randomised to receive either NI (n=29) or usual care (UC) (n=31). The NI group had statistically smaller deteriorations in weight (P<0.001), nutritional status (P=0.020) and global QoL (P=0.009) compared with those receiving UC. Clinically, but not statistically significant differences in fat-free mass were observed between the groups (P=0.195). Early and intensive NI appears beneficial in terms of minimising weight loss, deterioration in nutritional status, global QoL and physical function in oncology outpatients receiving radiotherapy to the GI or head and neck area. Weight maintenance in this population leads to beneficial outcomes and suggests that this, rather than weight gain, may be a more appropriate aim of NI.

  18. Nutrition intervention is beneficial in oncology outpatients receiving radiotherapy to the gastrointestinal or head and neck area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isenring, E A; Capra, S; Bauer, J D

    2004-08-01

    Malnutrition occurs frequently in patients with cancer of the gastrointestinal (GI) or head and neck area and can lead to negative outcomes. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of early and intensive nutrition intervention (NI) on body weight, body composition, nutritional status, global quality of life (QoL) and physical function compared to usual practice in oncology outpatients receiving radiotherapy to the GI or head and neck area. Outpatients commencing at least 20 fractions of radiotherapy to the GI or head and neck area were randomised to receive intensive, individualised nutrition counselling by a dietitian using a standard protocol and oral supplements if required, or the usual practice of the centre (general advice and nutrition booklet). Outcome parameters were measured at baseline and 4, 8 and 12 weeks after commencing radiotherapy using valid and reliable tools. A total of 60 patients (51 M : 9 F; mean age 61.9+/-14.0 years) were randomised to receive either NI (n=29) or usual care (UC) (n=31). The NI group had statistically smaller deteriorations in weight (P<0.001), nutritional status (P=0.020) and global QoL (P=0.009) compared with those receiving UC. Clinically, but not statistically significant differences in fat-free mass were observed between the groups (P=0.195). Early and intensive NI appears beneficial in terms of minimising weight loss, deterioration in nutritional status, global QoL and physical function in oncology outpatients receiving radiotherapy to the GI or head and neck area. Weight maintenance in this population leads to beneficial outcomes and suggests that this, rather than weight gain, may be a more appropriate aim of NI. PMID:15226773

  19. Effect of a School-Based Intervention on Nutritional Knowledge and Habits of Low-Socioeconomic School Children in Israel: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vered Kaufman-Shriqui

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Early social and economic deprivation, associated with poor nutrition and physical inactivity, may lead to adverse health trajectories. A cluster-randomized controlled-trial examining the effect of a school-based comprehensive intervention on nutrition knowledge, eating habits, and behaviors among low socioeconomic status (LSES school-aged children was performed. LSES school-aged children (4–7 years and their mothers were recruited from 11 schools, located in one town. The intervention was implemented on three levels: children, mothers, and teachers. The intervention (IArm included nutrition classes for children, mothers, and teachers and physical activity (PA classes for children; the control (CArm received PA only. Interventions were conducted by professional personnel, who were trained during in a two-day session to deliver the specific program in schools. Family data were obtained by parental interviews. Food knowledge observations, packed lunch records, and anthropometric measurements were obtained in school at baseline, six months, and at the end of the school year. Of 258 children enrolled, 220 (87.6% completed the six-month program. Only children in the IArm improved their nutrition knowledge and eating-habits and increased food variety and fruit and vegetable consumption, quality score of packed lunches (p < 0.001 for all, habitual water drinking increased (p = 0.02, and decreased sweet-drink consumption (p = 0.05. A school-based comprehensive nutrition intervention targeting LSES population improved eating habits, nutritional knowledge, and healthier packed lunches.

  20. To assess the effects of nutritional intervention based on advocacy approach on malnutrition status among school-aged children in Shiraz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Joulaei

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The present study was carried out to assess the effects of community nutrition intervention based on advocacy approach on malnutrition status among school-aged children in Shiraz, Iran. Materials and Methods: This case-control nutritional intervention has been done between 2008 and 2009 on 2897 primary and secondary school boys and girls (7-13 years old based on advocacy approach in Shiraz, Iran. The project provided nutritious snacks in public schools over a 2-year period along with advocacy oriented actions in order to implement and promote nutritional intervention. For evaluation of effectiveness of the intervention growth monitoring indices of pre- and post-intervention were statistically compared. Results: The frequency of subjects with body mass index lower than 5% decreased significantly after intervention among girls (P = 0.02. However, there were no significant changes among boys or total population. The mean of all anthropometric indices changed significantly after intervention both among girls and boys as well as in total population. The pre- and post-test education assessment in both groups showed that the student′s average knowledge score has been significantly increased from 12.5 ± 3.2 to 16.8 ± 4.3 (P < 0.0001. Conclusion: This study demonstrates the potential success and scalability of school feeding programs in Iran. Community nutrition intervention based on the advocacy process model is effective on reducing the prevalence of underweight specifically among female school aged children.

  1. A Youth Mentor-Led Nutritional Intervention in Urban Recreation Centers: A Promising Strategy for Childhood Obesity Prevention in Low-Income Neighborhoods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Priscila M.; Steeves, Elizabeth A.; Carnell, Susan; Cheskin, Lawrence J.; Trude, Angela C.; Shipley, Cara; Mejía Ruiz, M. J.; Gittelsohn, Joel

    2016-01-01

    B'More Healthy Community for Kids (BHCK) is an ongoing multi-level intervention to prevent childhood obesity in African-American low-income neighborhoods in Baltimore city, MD. Although previous nutrition interventions involving peer mentoring of youth have been successful, there is a lack of studies evaluating the influence of cross-age peers…

  2. Explaining the effects of a point-of-purchase nutrition-information intervention in university canteens: a structural equation modelling analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoefkens Christine

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The importance of canteen meals in the diet of many university students makes the provision of simple point-of-purchase (POP nutrition information in university canteens a potentially effective way to promote healthier diets in an important group of young adults. However, modifications to environments such as the posting of POP nutrition information in canteens may not cause an immediate change in meal choices and nutrient intakes. The present study aimed at understanding the process by which the POP nutrition information achieved its effects on the meal choice and energy intake, and whether the information was more effective in changing the meal choice of subgroups of university canteen customers. Methods The POP nutrition-information intervention used a one-group pretest-posttest design. A sample of 224 customers of two university canteens completed the baseline and 6-months follow-up surveys. A multi-group structural equation modelling analysis was used to test mediation effects of individual difference variables (liking, understanding and use of the information, subjective knowledge and attitude on the energy intake from canteen meals, moderated by the objective nutrition knowledge and motivation to change diet. Results Significant relations were identified between liking of the information and its use on one hand and a positive effect in attitude towards healthy canteen meals on the other hand. Motivation to change diet and sufficient objective nutrition knowledge were required to maintain a recommended energy intake from canteen meals or to lead to a decrease in energy intake. Participants with greater objective nutrition knowledge had a greater understanding of the POP nutrition information which also resulted in a more effective use of the information. Conclusions The results suggest that nutrition-information interventions may be more effective when using nutrition information that is generally liked by the target

  3. Sarcopenic obesity and complex interventions with nutrition and exercise in community-dwelling older persons – a narrative review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goisser S

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Sabine Goisser,1 Wolfgang Kemmler,2 Simone Porzel,3 Dorothee Volkert,1 Cornel Christian Sieber,1,4 Leo Cornelius Bollheimer,1,4 Ellen Freiberger1 1Institute for Biomedicine of Aging (IBA, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität (FAU Erlangen-Nürnberg, Nuremberg, 2Institute of Medical Physics (IMP, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität (FAU Erlangen-Nürnberg, 3Nutricia GmbH, Danone Medical Nutrition, Erlangen, 4Department of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, St John of God Hospital (Barmherzige Brüder, Regensburg, Germany Abstract: One of the many threats to independent life is the age-related loss of muscle mass and muscle function commonly referred to as sarcopenia. Another important health risk in old age leading to functional decline is obesity. Obesity prevalence in older persons is increasing, and like sarcopenia, severe obesity has been consistently associated with several negative health outcomes, disabilities, falls, and mobility limitations. Both sarcopenia and obesity pose a health risk for older persons per se, but in combination, they synergistically increase the risk for negative health outcomes and an earlier onset of disability. This combination of sarcopenia and obesity is commonly referred to as sarcopenic obesity. The present narrative review reports the current knowledge on the effects of complex interventions containing nutrition and exercise interventions in community-dwelling older persons with sarcopenic obesity. To date, several complex interventions with different outcomes have been conducted and have shown promise in counteracting either sarcopenia or obesity, but only a few studies have addressed the complex syndrome of sarcopenic obesity. Strong evidence exists on exercise interventions in sarcopenia, especially on strength training, and for obese older persons, strength exercise in combination with a dietary weight loss intervention demonstrated positive effects on muscle function and body fat. The differences in study

  4. A 10-Week Multimodal Nutrition Education Intervention Improves Dietary Intake among University Students: Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Razif Shahril

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of implementing multimodal nutrition education intervention (NEI to improve dietary intake among university students. The design of study used was cluster randomised controlled design at four public universities in East Coast of Malaysia. A total of 417 university students participated in the study. They were randomly selected and assigned into two arms, that is, intervention group (IG or control group (CG according to their cluster. The IG received 10-week multimodal intervention using three modes (conventional lecture, brochures, and text messages while CG did not receive any intervention. Dietary intake was assessed before and after intervention and outcomes reported as nutrient intakes as well as average daily servings of food intake. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA and adjusted effect size were used to determine difference in dietary changes between groups and time. Results showed that, compared to CG, participants in IG significantly improved their dietary intake by increasing their energy intake, carbohydrate, calcium, vitamin C and thiamine, fruits and 100% fruit juice, fish, egg, milk, and dairy products while at the same time significantly decreased their processed food intake. In conclusion, multimodal NEI focusing on healthy eating promotion is an effective approach to improve dietary intakes among university students.

  5. Feasibility and Impact of a Combined Supervised Exercise and Nutritional-Behavioral Intervention following Bariatric Surgery: A Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Friedrich C. Jassil

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Lifestyle intervention programs after bariatric surgery have been suggested to maximise health outcomes. This pilot study aimed to investigate the feasibility and impact of an 8-week combined supervised exercise with nutritional-behavioral intervention following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy. Methods. Eight female patients (44 ± 8 years old, BMI = 38.5 ± 7.2 kgm−2 completed the program. Before and after intervention, anthropometric measures, six-minute walk test (6MWT, physical activity level, eating behavior, and quality of life (QoL were assessed. Percentage weight loss (%WL outcomes were compared with a historical matched control group. Results. The program significantly improved functional capacity (mean increment in 6MWT was 127 ± 107 meters, p=0.043, increased strenuous intensity exercise (44 ± 49 min/week, p=0.043, increased consumption of fruits and vegetables (p=0.034, reduced consumption of ready meals (p=0.034, and improved “Change in Health” in QoL domain (p=0.039. The intervention group exhibited greater %WL in the 3–12-month postsurgery period compared to historical controls, 12.2 ± 7.5% versus 5.1 ± 5.4%, respectively (p=0.027. Conclusions. Lifestyle intervention program following bariatric surgery is feasible and resulted in several beneficial outcomes. A large randomised control trial is now warranted.

  6. Nutritional support and dietary interventions for patients with ulcerative colitis: current insights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hill RJ

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Rebecca J Hill Children's Nutrition Research Centre, Child Health Research Centre, The University of Queensland, South Brisbane, Australia Abstract: Ulcerative colitis (UC demonstrates a remitting and relapsing course, and patients have long believed diet plays a role in their symptoms. Ad hoc removal of foods and food groups from the diet without strong evidence for therapeutic benefit places patients at risk for nutritional deficiencies. This review discusses the need for nutritional support in UC and the role of dietary modification in its management in humans. Current evidence suggests patients with UC are not nutritionally compromised during remission, but with increasing disease activity, nutritional status is worth monitoring, in particular through body composition assessment and investigation for anemia. There is no clear evidence for dietary modulation to relieve symptoms in UC. Neither enteral nutrition nor parenteral nutrition is efficacious for symptom control or mucosal healing. While early studies suggested avoidance of dairy foods, no recent work has replicated these results. A low intake of insoluble fiber is recommended during acute disease flares; however, the role of fiber in modulating the gut microbiota and their metabolites warrants further attention. Several studies have investigated polyunsaturated fatty acids for UC; however, current evidence is not supportive for either inactive or active disease. There is emerging evidence that curcumin supplementation may be a new dietary treatment option. Often, evidence for therapeutic diets is difficult to interpret due to the reporting of combined results for both Crohn's disease and UC. In general, there is no evidenced specific dietary advice for patients with UC other than to follow healthy eating guidelines. Further work should determine if diet as treatment efficacy lies in modification of dietary patterns, thereby investigating the synergistic relationship between foods and

  7. Using Nutrition for Intervention and Prevention against Environmental Chemical Toxicity and Associated Diseases

    OpenAIRE

    Hennig, Bernhard; Ronald J Jandacek; Koo, Sung; Seifried, Harold; Silverstone, Allen; Watkins, Bruce; Suk, William A.; Ettinger, Adrienne S.; McClain, Craig David

    2007-01-01

    Background: Nutrition and lifestyle are well-defined modulators of chronic diseases. Poor dietary habits (such as high intake of processed foods rich in fat and low intake of fruits and vegetables), as well as a sedentary lifestyle clearly contribute to today’s compromised quality of life in the United States. It is becoming increasingly clear that nutrition can modulate the toxicity of environmental pollutants. Objectives: Our goal in this commentary is to discuss the recommendation that nut...

  8. Nutritional support and dietary interventions for patients with ulcerative colitis: current insights

    OpenAIRE

    Hill RJ

    2016-01-01

    Rebecca J Hill Children's Nutrition Research Centre, Child Health Research Centre, The University of Queensland, South Brisbane, Australia Abstract: Ulcerative colitis (UC) demonstrates a remitting and relapsing course, and patients have long believed diet plays a role in their symptoms. Ad hoc removal of foods and food groups from the diet without strong evidence for therapeutic benefit places patients at risk for nutritional deficiencies. This review discusses the need for nutritio...

  9. Class Based Contextual Logic for DOOD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JoseK.Raphel; SiuCheungHui; 等

    1996-01-01

    Cntextual logic provides a mechanism to reason about modules.In this paper,this theory of modules if modules is extended to a context theory of classes where class is in the true spirit of object-oriented databases.The logic,referred to as CLOG,is class-based.CLOG supports class,object identity,multiple role of object, monotonic and non-monotonic inheritance of data and method,method factoring,views,derived and query classes.Views and derived classes are queries in themselves.Objects are pure data terms representing the ground instances of facts in the class.Object identity is a first class term in the logic.Inheritance is handled through delegation.

  10. A Nutritional Approach to the Prevention of Cancer: from Assessment to Personalized Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Furia, L; Rusciano, M R; Leonardini, L; Rossi, P; Giammarchi, C; Vittori, E; Tilocca, S; Russo, F L; Montuori, P; Triassi, M; Nardone, A; Giaimo, M D; Migazzi, M; Piffer, S; Iaria, A; Trapasso, A; Firenze, A; Cristaudo, R; Revello, M; Castiglion, A; Zagonel, V; Iaccarino, G; Addis, A; Natale, L; Di Somma, C; Colao, A; Perra, A; Giova, K; Montuori, N; Illario, M

    2015-12-01

    Among lifestyle factors, nutrition is one of the most important determinants of health, and represents a pivotal element of cancer risk. Nonetheless, epidemiological evidences of the relationship between several cancers and specific foods and nutrients is still inadequate, and solid conclusions are missing. Indeed, caloric restriction without malnutrition is associated to cancer prevention. Food may be also the primary route of exposure to contaminants such as metals, persistent organic pollutants, and pesticides. Exposuredisease associations and the interplay with genetic susceptibility requires further studies on genetic variation, environment, lifestyle, and chronic disease in order to eliminate and reduce associated health risks, thus contributing to improve health outcomes for the population. A primary nutritional approach for Active and Healthy Ageing (AHA) has been developed by the Nutrition group of the European Innovation Partnership (EIP) on AHA. The working group on lifestyles of the Italian Ministry of Health has developed a comprehensive approach to adequate nutrition using a consensus methodology to collect and integrate the available evidences from the literature and from the Italian experiences at the regional level, to raise the interest of other experts and relevant stakeholders to outline and scale-up joint strategies for a primary nutritional approach to cancer prevention. PMID:27042431

  11. A Nutritional Approach to the Prevention of Cancer: from Assessment to Personalized Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Furia, L; Rusciano, M R; Leonardini, L; Rossi, P; Giammarchi, C; Vittori, E; Tilocca, S; Russo, F L; Montuori, P; Triassi, M; Nardone, A; Giaimo, M D; Migazzi, M; Piffer, S; Iaria, A; Trapasso, A; Firenze, A; Cristaudo, R; Revello, M; Castiglion, A; Zagonel, V; Iaccarino, G; Addis, A; Natale, L; Di Somma, C; Colao, A; Perra, A; Giova, K; Montuori, N; Illario, M

    2015-12-01

    Among lifestyle factors, nutrition is one of the most important determinants of health, and represents a pivotal element of cancer risk. Nonetheless, epidemiological evidences of the relationship between several cancers and specific foods and nutrients is still inadequate, and solid conclusions are missing. Indeed, caloric restriction without malnutrition is associated to cancer prevention. Food may be also the primary route of exposure to contaminants such as metals, persistent organic pollutants, and pesticides. Exposuredisease associations and the interplay with genetic susceptibility requires further studies on genetic variation, environment, lifestyle, and chronic disease in order to eliminate and reduce associated health risks, thus contributing to improve health outcomes for the population. A primary nutritional approach for Active and Healthy Ageing (AHA) has been developed by the Nutrition group of the European Innovation Partnership (EIP) on AHA. The working group on lifestyles of the Italian Ministry of Health has developed a comprehensive approach to adequate nutrition using a consensus methodology to collect and integrate the available evidences from the literature and from the Italian experiences at the regional level, to raise the interest of other experts and relevant stakeholders to outline and scale-up joint strategies for a primary nutritional approach to cancer prevention.

  12. Physical Activity, Exercise, And Nutrition Interventions For Weight Control In African American Women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Asare

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper was to review the physical activity, exercise, and nutritionrelated weight control interventions done with African American women that were publishedbetween 2006 and 2010 and suggest ways of enhancing these interventions. A total of 13 studiesmet the inclusion criteria. The review found significant results with regard to impact ofintervention. Twelve of those studies revealed significant increase in physical activity and weightreduction behavior. In terms of use of theory in designing the interventions only five interventionsused a theory. In three of those cases social cognitive theory was used. Appropriate sample sizewas found to be the major strength of most of the interventions. Six interventions usedrandomized controlled design. Recommendations for enhancing the effectiveness of physicalactivity interventions in African American women are presented.

  13. The effect of complex workplace dietary interventions on employees dietary behaviours, nutrition knowledge and health status

    OpenAIRE

    Geaney, Fiona

    2015-01-01

    Background The growing prevalence and associated burden of diet-related non-communicable diseases is a global public health concern. The environments in which people live and work influences their dietary behaviours. Aim The focus of this thesis was on the effectiveness of complex workplace dietary interventions. The comparative effectiveness of a complex workplace environmental dietary modification intervention and an educational intervention were assessed both alone and in combination relat...

  14. Acceptability of a theory of planned behaviour email-based nutrition intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kothe, E J; Mullan, B A

    2014-03-01

    This study investigated feasibility and acceptability of a new email-delivered intervention promoting fruit and vegetable consumption in a university-based population of Australian young adults. The study explored whether there are differences in the reported feasibility and acceptability between demographic groups within the population of interest and at three levels of intervention intensity. The email-delivered intervention program consists of an implementation intention 'planning task' and between 3 and 15 short email messages over a 15-day study period. The intervention program was developed using the Theory of Planned Behaviour and was designed to modify perceived behavioural control. One hundred and ten participants (mean age = 19.21 years, 25.6% male) completed the feasibility and acceptability questionnaire at Day 15. This questionnaire contained items about all intervention components. High acceptability and feasibility scores were found for all intervention parts and at all levels of intervention intensity. There were few significant differences in the reported acceptability of items between key demographic sub-groups, and no differences in reported acceptability at different levels of intervention intensity. These results suggest that this email-delivered intervention is an acceptable and feasible tool for promoting fruit and vegetable consumption for participants in the target population. PMID:22942273

  15. Sarcopenic obesity and complex interventions with nutrition and exercise in community-dwelling older persons--a narrative review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goisser, Sabine; Kemmler, Wolfgang; Porzel, Simone; Volkert, Dorothee; Sieber, Cornel Christian; Bollheimer, Leo Cornelius; Freiberger, Ellen

    2015-01-01

    One of the many threats to independent life is the age-related loss of muscle mass and muscle function commonly referred to as sarcopenia. Another important health risk in old age leading to functional decline is obesity. Obesity prevalence in older persons is increasing, and like sarcopenia, severe obesity has been consistently associated with several negative health outcomes, disabilities, falls, and mobility limitations. Both sarcopenia and obesity pose a health risk for older persons per se, but in combination, they synergistically increase the risk for negative health outcomes and an earlier onset of disability. This combination of sarcopenia and obesity is commonly referred to as sarcopenic obesity. The present narrative review reports the current knowledge on the effects of complex interventions containing nutrition and exercise interventions in community-dwelling older persons with sarcopenic obesity. To date, several complex interventions with different outcomes have been conducted and have shown promise in counteracting either sarcopenia or obesity, but only a few studies have addressed the complex syndrome of sarcopenic obesity. Strong evidence exists on exercise interventions in sarcopenia, especially on strength training, and for obese older persons, strength exercise in combination with a dietary weight loss intervention demonstrated positive effects on muscle function and body fat. The differences in study protocols and target populations make it impossible at the moment to extract data for a meta-analysis or give state-of-the-art recommendations based on reliable evidence. A conclusion that can be drawn from this narrative review is that more exercise programs containing strength and aerobic exercise in combination with dietary interventions including a supervised weight loss program and/or protein supplements should be conducted in order to investigate possible positive effects on sarcopenic obesity. PMID:26346071

  16. Process evaluation determines the pathway of success for a health center-delivered, nutrition education intervention for infants in Trujillo, Peru.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert, Rebecca C; Gittelsohn, Joel; Creed-Kanashiro, Hilary M; Penny, Mary E; Caulfield, Laura E; Narro, M Rocio; Black, Robert E

    2006-03-01

    Process evaluation was used to explain the success of a randomized, controlled trial of an educational intervention to improve the feeding behaviors of caregivers and the nutritional status of infants in Trujillo, Peru. Health personnel delivered a multicomponent intervention within the environment of usual care at government health centers. We created a model of the expected intervention pathway to successful outcomes. Process data were then collected on health center implementation of the intervention and caregiver reception to it. Using multivariate models, we found that variables of health center implementation, caregiver exposure, and caregiver message recall were all significant determinants in the pathway leading to improved feeding behaviors. These outcomes were consistent with our original intervention model. Further support for our model arose from the differences in caregiver reception between intervention and control centers. Process data allowed us to characterize the pathway through which an effective nutrition intervention operated. This study underscores the importance of including process evaluation, which will lead to the development and implementation of more effective nutrition interventions.

  17. 营养干预对消化系统恶性肿瘤住院患者营养认知影响%Effect of nutritional intervention on nutrition knowledge of inpatients with digestive system malignant tumor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦燕萍; 高铭云; 刘柳芳

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the effect of nutritional intervention on nutrition knowledge of inpatients with digestive system malignants tumor, and to provide medical advice for further nutritional intervention. Methods One hundred and one perioperative patients with digestive system malignant tumor were randomly divided into the study group and the control group. The patients in the study group was monitored nutritional indexes, treated with personalized nutritional support program and nutrition consultant before surgery, after surgery and during recovery stage. During their hospitalization, their nutritional assessment and nutrition files were created. The patients in the control group were educated by the traditional method. All the patients were investigated by questionnaire four weeks after admission and intervention. Results Before intervention, there are no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the awareness rate of nutrition knowledge, eating habits, desire for nutritional intervention and compliance behavior. After four weeks of intervention, the awareness rate of nutrition knowledge, eating habits, desire for nutritional intervention and compliance behavior showed statistically significant difference between the two groups (x2=19.691, 19.691, 11.387, 8.312, respectively, P<0.01). Conclusion Nutritional intervention can improve the nutrition knowledge and compliance behavior of patients with digestive system malignant tumor.%目的 了解营养干预对消化系统恶性肿瘤患者营养认知水平的影响,为进一步营养干预提供科学依据.方法 选取101例消化系统恶性肿瘤围手术期患者,随机分为两组,住院期间对干预组50例患者进行营养不良状况评估、建立营养档案,并对术前、术后、康复期进行个性化营养指导、营养指标监测、营养咨询等干预措施;对照组51例患者按传统方法进行健康教育,不施加营养干预.于入院、干预4周后分别对两

  18. Nutritional analysis and intervention in the captive woolly monkey (Lagothric lagotricha)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ange-van Heugten, K.D.

    2008-01-01

    Woolly monkeys (Lagothrix ssp.) are a threatened species in the wild and are extremely difficult to breed and successfully maintain in captivity. The majority of health complications in woolly monkeys (WM) may be of nutritional origin. The objectives of this thesis were to: 1) determine the current

  19. Nutrition Education intervention in dyslipidemic children and adolescent with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmaa m. Abdallah*, Zainab B* and Mohamed M. A. Shahat

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Diabetes mellitus is the most common endocrine metabolic disorder of childhood and adolescence with important consequences for physical and emotional development. Aim of the study: This study was designed to detect the effect of diet therapy (through nutrition education program on lipid profile and blood glucose level in diabetic children. Subjects and Methods: The study was carried on 45 diabetic children aged between 8-15 years old at diabetic nutrition clinic of nutrition institute in Cairo from 2003-2005. Children included in the study were divided into two groups: insulin dependent dyslipidemic group (IDDM (diet control/ group and insulin dependent non dyslipidemic (control group. All were subjected to full dietetic history by the 24 hour recall for 3 days, thorough clinical examination, they were evaluated for plasma lipids, lipoproteins, fasting blood glucose (FBG and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c levels. The dyslipidemic were measured after three months for the previously measured parameters. The nutrition education process was performed and continued on weekly intervals for three months. Results: There was significant decrease in serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the study group after the program, and insignificant increase in serum HDL and decrease in serum LDL. Also, there was insignificant decrease in FBG but there was statistically significant decrease in HbA1 after the program. These changes occurred in parallel with increases in intakes of protein and total calories with adequate carbohydrate and sometimes a reduction in intakes of total fat. Conclusion: Nutrition therapy for children with IDDM is essential to improve measures of glycemic control and lipoprotein mediated risk for dyslipidemia. More innovative approaches to achieve lifestyle changes are required to meet current recommendations which are likely to produce greater beneficial changes than those observed in this study

  20. Changes in body weight, body composition and cardiovascular risk factors after long-term nutritional intervention in patients with severe mental illness: an observational study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vlahavas George

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Compared with the general population, individuals with severe mental illness (SMI have increased prevalence rates of obesity and greater risk for cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a long term nutritional intervention on body weight, body fat and cardiovascular risk factors in a large number of patients with SMI. Methods Nine hundred and eighty-nine patients with a mean ± S.D age of 40 ± 11.7 yrs participated in a 9 mo nutritional intervention which provided personalised dietetic treatment and lifestyle counselling every two weeks. Patients had an average body mass index (BMI of 34.3 ± 7.1 kg.m-2 and body weight (BW of 94.9 ± 21.7 kg. Fasted blood samples were collected for the measurement of glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides and HDL- cholesterol. All measurements were undertaken at baseline and at 3 mo, 6 mo and 9 mo of the nutritional intervention. Results Four hundred and twenty-three patients of 989 total patients' cases (42.8% dropped out within the first 3 months. Two hundred eighty-five completed 6 months of the program and 145 completed the entire 9 month nutritional intervention. There were progressive statistically significant reductions in mean weight, fat mass, waist and BMI throughout the duration of monitoring (p -2 (p Conclusion The nutritional intervention produced significant reductions in body weight, body fat and improved the cardiometabolic profile in patients with SMI. These findings indicate the importance of weight-reducing nutritional intervention in decreasing the cardiovascular risk in patients with SMI.

  1. Early nutrition intervention services for children with special health care needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hine, R J; Cloud, H H; Carithers, T; Hickey, C; Hinton, A W

    1989-11-01

    Dietitians must be responsive to the changing needs of their clients and employers, to societal concerns, and to legal mandates. A recently passed amendment (PL 99-457) to the Federal Education for the Handicapped Act gives nutrition professionals the opportunity to have a voice in establishing nutrition policy and standards of care for young handicapped and high-risk children. The new law extends preventive services to children as young as 3 years of age, and Part H of the law provides financial incentives for states to provide services to children with special health care needs from birth to 2 years of age. This article reviews relevant provisions of the new law and describes two projects undertaken by nutritionists from Alabama, Mississippi, and Texas. It also summarizes challenges to nutritionists that will result from the law's implementation. PMID:2809041

  2. Fruit and Vegetable Intake: Benefits and Progress of Nutrition Education Interventions- Narrative Review Article

    OpenAIRE

    PEM, Dhandevi; Rajesh JEEWON

    2015-01-01

    Background: Sufficient intake of fruits and vegetables has been associated with a reduced risk of chronic diseases and body weight management but the exact mechanism is unknown. The World Health Organisation and Food and Agriculture of the United Nation reports recommend adults to consume at least five servings of fruits and vegetables per day excluding starchy vegetables. This review focuses on the importance of fruits and vegetables as well as the benefits and progress of nutrition educatio...

  3. Nutrition support and dietary interventions for patients with lung cancer: current insights

    OpenAIRE

    Kiss N

    2016-01-01

    Nicole Kiss1,2 1Nutrition and Speech Pathology Department, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, East Melbourne, VIC, Australia; 2Department of Cancer Experiences Research, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, East Melbourne, VIC, Australia Abstract: Malnutrition and weight loss are prevalent in patients with lung cancer. The impact of malnutrition on patients with cancer, and specifically in patients with lung cancer, has been demonstrated in a large number of studies. Malnutrition has been shown to neg...

  4. The Effectiveness of Nutrition Condition and Nutrition KAP on Clinical Nurses through Health Intervention%健康教育对临床护士营养现状和营养KAP影响的效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王凤梅

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解基层临床护士营养知识、态度、行为(knowledge-attitude-practice,KAP)及营养现状,评价营养健康教育对临床护士的干预效果.方法 将某基层医院360名护士随机分成干预组和对照组,每组180人,干预组进行为期12个月的营养健康干预后,再次进行问卷调查,将两组结果进行比较分析.结果 干预组护士营养KAP调查评分明显较高,与对照组比较差异具有统计学意义(P<0.01);护士膳食能量、营养素日平均摄入量方面,将干预组和对照组与推荐摄入量(recommended nutrient intake,RNI)标准比较,干预组的能量、维生素A、维生素B、维生素D、钙、磷、钠、锌、硒、铜、碘、生物素等摄入量明显提高(P<0.01),更接近RNIs值.结论 通过对临床护士进行营养健康教育,其营养摄入状况和营养KAP有很大提高.%Objectives To study the nurses' KAP and nutrition condition and to evaluate the effectiveness of nutrition health educational intervention on nursing staff. Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted among 360 medical staff members, including nutrition KAP and dietary survey. Results After 12 months of nutrition health education, the scores of the intervention group's nurses' nutrition KAP survey were higher. The difference was statistically significant (P<0. 01). The status of intervention group's nurses' nutrition improved. Compared with RNIs, the dietary energy, nutrition daily average intakes for the intervention group and the control group, the energy, vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin D, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, zinc, selenium, copper, iodine, bio tin intake increased significantly in the intervention group(P<0. 01) , closer to the RNIs. Conclusions Through effective health education intervention, clinic nurses' nutrition KAP and intakes are highly promoted.

  5. Effect of Nutrition Changes on Foods Selected by Students in a Middle School-based Diabetes Prevention Intervention Program; the HEALTHY Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Mobley, Connie C.; Stadler, Diane D.; Staten, Myrlene A.; ghormli, Laure El; Gillis, Bonnie; Hartstein, Jill; Siega-Riz, Anna Maria; Virus, Amy

    2012-01-01

    BACKGOUNDThe HEALTHY primary prevention trial developed an integrated multi-component intervention program to moderate risk factors for type 2 diabetes in middle schools. The nutrition component aimed to improve the quality of foods and beverages served to students. Changes in the School Breakfast Program (SBP), National School Lunch Program (NSLP), and a la carte venues are compared to the experience of control schools.METHODSThe intervention was implemented in 21 middle schools from winter ...

  6. Effect of Nutrition Changes on Foods Selected by Students in a Middle School-based Diabetes Prevention Intervention Program; the HEALTHY Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mobley, Connie C.; Stadler, Diane D.; Staten, Myrlene A; ghormli, Laure El; Gillis, Bonnie; Hartstein, Jill; Siega-Riz, Anna Maria; Virus, Amy

    2011-01-01

    BACKGOUND The HEALTHY primary prevention trial developed an integrated multi-component intervention program to moderate risk factors for type 2 diabetes in middle schools. The nutrition component aimed to improve the quality of foods and beverages served to students. Changes in the School Breakfast Program (SBP), National School Lunch Program (NSLP), and a la carte venues are compared to the experience of control schools. METHODS The intervention was implemented in 21 middle schools from winter 2007 through spring 2009 (following a cohort of students from sixth through eighth grades); 21 schools acted as observed controls. The nutrition component targeted school food service environmental change. Data identifying foods and nutrients served (selected by students for consumption) were collected over a 20-day period at baseline and end of study. Analysis compared end of study values for intervention versus control schools. RESULTS Intervention schools more successfully limited dessert and snack food portion size in NSLP and a la carte and lowered fat content of foods served. Servings of high fiber grain-based foods and/or legumes were improved in SBP but not NSLP. Intervention and control schools eliminated >1% fat milk and sugar added beverages in SBP, but intervention schools were more successful in NSLP and a la carte. CONCLUSION The HEALTHY program demonstrated significant changes in the nutritional quality of foods and beverages served in the SBP, NSLP, and a la carte venues, as part of an effort to decrease childhood obesity and support beneficial effects in some secondary HEALTHY study outcomes. PMID:22239133

  7. The effect of nutrition intervention in lung cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiss, Nicole K; Krishnasamy, Meinir; Isenring, Elisabeth A

    2014-01-01

    The prevalence of malnutrition in lung cancer patients across a variety of treatment modalities and disease stages ranges from 45% to 69%. Malnutrition is associated with poorer clinical outcomes in cancer patients. This systematic review examined whether dietary counseling or oral supplements during chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy in patients with lung cancer affect patient or clinical outcomes. Relevant nutrition intervention studies from 1980 to March 2012 were identified. Articles meeting predetermined inclusion/exclusion criteria were critically appraised and included in the review. The outcomes of interest included dietary intake, weight, nutritional status, quality of life, functional status, treatment response, and survival. Five eligible studies were identified including 3 randomized controlled trials, 1 historical cohort, and 1 case series. These studies suggest dietary counseling improves energy and protein intake during chemotherapy in patients with lung cancer but has no benefit to other outcomes during chemotherapy. There is insufficient evidence regarding the effect on patient or clinical outcomes during radiotherapy. Randomized trials examining dietary counseling in patients with lung cancer during radiotherapy are required.

  8. Nutritional Online Information for Cancer Patients: a Randomized Trial of an Internet Communication Plus Social Media Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gnagnarella, Patrizia; Misotti, Alessandro Maria; Santoro, Luigi; Akoumianakis, Demosthenes; Del Campo, Laura; De Lorenzo, Francesco; Lombardo, Claudio; Milolidakis, Giannis; Sullivan, Richard; McVie, John Gordon

    2016-09-01

    We hypothesized that cancer patients using an Internet website would show an improvement in the knowledge about healthy eating habits, and this might be enhanced by social media interaction. A 6-month randomized intervention was set up. Eligible subjects were allocated in intervention (IG) and control groups (CG). IG had access to the website, and CG was provided with printed versions. All enrolled participants filled in Nutrition Questionnaire (NQ), Quality of Life Questionnaire (QoL) and Psychological Distress Inventory (PDI), at baseline and after 6 months. The difference between post- vs pre-questionnaires was calculated. Seventy-four subjects (CG 39; IG 35) completed the study. There was an increase in the score after the intervention in both groups for the NQ, even if not statistically significant. Dividing the IG into three categories, no (NI), low (LI) and high interactions (HI), we found a decreased score (improvement) in the CG (-0.2) and in the HI (-1.7), and an increased score (worsening) in the NI (+3.3) (p = NS) analysing the PDI. We found an increased score in the QoL both in CG and IG (adjusted LSMeans +3.5 and +2.8 points, respectively; p = NS). This study represents an example for support cancer patients. Despite the lack of significant effects, critical points and problems encountered may be of interest to researchers and organization working in the cancer setting. Intervention strategies to support patients during the care process are needed in order to attain the full potential of patient-centred care on cancer outcomes. PMID:25820605

  9. Evaluation of fast food behavior in pre-school children and parents following a one-year intervention with nutrition education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yongqing; Huang, Yuee; Zhang, Yongjun; Liu, Fengqiong; Feng, Cindy Xin; Liu, Tingting; Li, Changwei; Ling, Dong Dong; Mu, Yongping; Tarver, Siobhan L; Wang, Mao; Sun, Wenjie

    2014-07-01

    A community-based intervention study was conducted to assess a nutrition education intervention on western style fast food consumption among Chinese children and parents. Eight kindergartens from three district areas of Hefei City (a total of 1252 children aged 4-6 years and their parents) were randomly selected. Descriptive and analytical statistical methods were used to evaluate the baseline, midterm, and final western style fast food knowledge, attitude, and practice in both parents and children were used to identify and compare the knowledge, attitude, and practice in the parents and children. Parents and children were divided into "intervention" and "control" groups based on nutrition education status. Consumption of western style fast food at breakfast in Chinese children and parents is not high. The main reasons for this in children is that consumption of western style fast food is not viewed as "food", but rather as a "gift" or "interesting". The time of children's consumption of western style fast food is mostly likely to be in the weekends. The nutrition education modified the parents' western style fast food behavior (p < 0.01), although it did not change significantly in children. The healthy nutrition concept should be built up among Chinese, especially in children. Insights from the families provide leads for future research and ideas for the nutrition education. PMID:24983391

  10. Wise Choices: Nutrition and Exercise for Older Adults: A Community-Based Health Promotion Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turk, Melanie T; Elci, Okan U; Resick, Lenore K; Kalarchian, Melissa A

    2016-01-01

    Effective interventions for older adults are needed to address lifestyle behaviors linked to chronic illnesses. We implemented a 12-week group behavioral intervention for 118 racially diverse older adults at 6 community-based senior centers to improve eating and physical activity. Assessments were completed pre- and postintervention, with 85.6% retention. We documented increases in fruit, vegetable, and whole grain intake; pace of walking; number of city blocks walked; daily steps walked; functional mobility; and self-rated general health (P development of this approach is warranted. PMID:27536931

  11. A School Based Intervention for Combating Food Insecurity and Promoting Healthy Nutrition in a Developed Country Undergoing Economic Crisis: A Qualitative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalma, A.; Veloudaki, A.; Petralias, A.; Mitraka, K.; Zota, D.; Kastorini, C.-M.; Yannakoulia, M.; Linos, A.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Aiming at reducing the rates of food insecurity and promoting healthy diet for children and adolescents, we designed and implemented the Program on Food Aid and Promotion of Healthy Nutrition-DIATROFI, a school-based intervention program including the daily provision of a free healthy mid-day meal in disadvantaged areas across…

  12. Effect of Nutrition Changes on Foods Selected by Students in a Middle School-Based Diabetes Prevention Intervention Program: The HEALTHY Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mobley, Connie C.; Stadler, Diane D.; Staten, Myrlene A.; El Ghormli, Laure; Gillis, Bonnie; Hartstein, Jill; Siega-Riz, Anna Maria; Virus, Amy

    2012-01-01

    Background: The HEALTHY primary prevention trial developed an integrated multicomponent intervention program to moderate risk factors for type 2 diabetes in middle schools. The nutrition component aimed to improve the quality of foods and beverages served to students. Changes in the School Breakfast Program (SBP), National School Lunch Program…

  13. Effect of an Educational Intervention Related to Health and Nutrition on Pregnant Women in the Villages of Central Java Province, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wijaya-Erhardt, Maria; Muslimatun, Siti; Erhardt, Juergen G.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To assess the effects of a health and nutrition educational intervention on maternal knowledge, attitudes and practices. Design: Pre- and post-test design using structured interviews of pregnant women. Setting: Thirty-nine villages in Central Java Province, Indonesia. Method: Pregnant women (N = 252) at 12-20 weeks of gestation were…

  14. Public health impact of community-based nutrition and lifestyle interventions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verheijden, M.W.; Kok, F.J.

    2005-01-01

    Community-based interventions have increasingly received attention since researchers and public health professionals have come to acknowledge the importance of an environment that makes the healthy choice the easy choice. All stakeholders including the target community are involved to achieve change

  15. Randomization to nutritional intervention at home did not improve postoperative function, fatigue or well-being

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Martin Bach; Hessov, Ib

    1997-01-01

    , gain in body-weight and lean body mass, especially in the legs as shown by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Changes in work capacity, hand grip and pinching strength, fatigue and quality of life were similar in patients in control and intervention groups and had returned to preoperative values 1...

  16. Iron deficiency anemia in sports and preventive dietetic and nutrition interventions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aritz Urdampilleta

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Iron deficiency anemia in athletes is a very common condition that leads to reduced physical performance. Athletes are susceptible of falling iron deposits, mainly by an increase in its use, by its loss, or by insufficient intake. The present review aims to establish the basis of current knowledge environment: sports-athletes who have increased risk of anemia, etiology of iron deficiency anemia in the sporting group, providing dietary and nutritional guidelines for its prevention. The databases searched were Pubmed, Scirus and Scielo, as well as the official pages of prestigious organizations, recovering items by keywords: “iron-deficiency anemia”, “sports”, “athletic performance”, “iron intake “or Spanish counterparts. Iron deficiency anemia affects mainly endurance athletes (especially women and marathon and the members of team sports with high impact (volleyball and handball. Usually secondary anemias from hemolysis and oxidative stress resulting from the practice of sport, but it cases have also been documented by increased iron losses associated with exercise. Dietary and nutritional practices to prevent iron deficiency anemia in athletes should aim to ensure: carbohydrate intake between 60-65% of total energy daily minimum intake of 1.4 g of protein per day and a consumption of 20-40 mg iron daily, separating the intake of the main absorption inhibitors (phytate, tanetos and calcium. You need assessed by analytical iron status of the athlete every 2-3 months.

  17. Youth Nutrition Status and Research Progress of Youth Sports Nutrition Intervention%青少年营养状况与运动营养干预的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王一; 张蕴琨

    2014-01-01

    This article reviews the current situation, our young youth sports nutrition research and nutrition inter-ventions and scientific nutritious meals. Adolescent nutri-tional intake and nutritional intake of excess coexist,seri-ously affecting the health of adolescents;scientific exercise and nutrition interventions and scientific nutritious meals for the health of adolescents has a significant improve-ment.%文章综述了我国青少年营养现状,青少年运动与营养干预措施和科学化营养配餐的研究。青少年营养摄入不足和营养摄入过剩并存,严重影响青少年的健康;科学的运动与营养干预措施及科学化营养配餐对青少年的健康有着显著的改善作用。

  18. Youth Nutrition Status and Research Progress of Youth Sports Nutrition Intervention%青少年营养状况与运动营养干预的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王一; 张蕴琨

    2014-01-01

    文章综述了我国青少年营养现状,青少年运动与营养干预措施和科学化营养配餐的研究。青少年营养摄入不足和营养摄入过剩并存,严重影响青少年的健康;科学的运动与营养干预措施及科学化营养配餐对青少年的健康有着显著的改善作用。%This article reviews the current situation, our young youth sports nutrition research and nutrition inter-ventions and scientific nutritious meals. Adolescent nutri-tional intake and nutritional intake of excess coexist,seri-ously affecting the health of adolescents;scientific exercise and nutrition interventions and scientific nutritious meals for the health of adolescents has a significant improve-ment.

  19. Relevant Aspects of Nutritional and Dietary Interventions in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Catalina Hernandez-Rodas; Rodrigo Valenzuela; Videla, Luis A.

    2015-01-01

    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the main cause of liver disease worldwide. NAFLD is linked to circumstances such as type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, obesity, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension. Since the obesity figures and related comorbidities are increasing, NAFLD has turned into a liver problem that has become progressively more common. Currently, there is no effective drug therapy for NAFLD; therefore, interventions in lifestyles remain the first line of treatment. Bearing...

  20. The spinal stenosis pedometer and nutrition lifestyle intervention (SSPANLI) randomized controlled trial protocol

    OpenAIRE

    Tomkins-Lane, Christy C; Lafave, Lynne MZ; Parnell, Jill A.; Krishnamurthy, Ashok; Rempel, Jocelyn; Macedo, Luciana G.; Moriartey, Stephanie; Stuber, Kent J; Wilson, Philip M; Hu, Richard; Andreas, Yvette M

    2013-01-01

    Background Because of symptoms, people with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) are often inactive, and this sedentary behaviour implies risk for diseases including obesity. Research has identified body mass index as the most powerful predictor of function in LSS. This suggests that function may be improved by targeting weight as a modifiable factor. An e-health lifestyle intervention was developed aimed at reducing fat mass and increasing physical activity in people with LSS. The main components of...

  1. Relevant Aspects of Nutritional and Dietary Interventions in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Catalina Hernandez-Rodas

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD is the main cause of liver disease worldwide. NAFLD is linked to circumstances such as type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, obesity, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension. Since the obesity figures and related comorbidities are increasing, NAFLD has turned into a liver problem that has become progressively more common. Currently, there is no effective drug therapy for NAFLD; therefore, interventions in lifestyles remain the first line of treatment. Bearing in mind that adherence rates to this type of treatment are poor, great efforts are currently focused on finding novel therapeutic agents for the prevention in the development of hepatic steatosis and its progression to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and cirrhosis. This review presents a compilation of the scientific evidence found in the last years showing the results of interventions in lifestyle, diet, and behavioral therapies and research results in human, animal and cell models. Possible therapeutic agents ranging from supplementation with vitamins, amino acids, prebiotics, probiotics, symbiotics, polyunsaturated fatty acids and polyphenols to interventions with medicinal plants are analyzed.

  2. Relevant Aspects of Nutritional and Dietary Interventions in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez-Rodas, Maria Catalina; Valenzuela, Rodrigo; Videla, Luis A

    2015-01-01

    Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the main cause of liver disease worldwide. NAFLD is linked to circumstances such as type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, obesity, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension. Since the obesity figures and related comorbidities are increasing, NAFLD has turned into a liver problem that has become progressively more common. Currently, there is no effective drug therapy for NAFLD; therefore, interventions in lifestyles remain the first line of treatment. Bearing in mind that adherence rates to this type of treatment are poor, great efforts are currently focused on finding novel therapeutic agents for the prevention in the development of hepatic steatosis and its progression to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and cirrhosis. This review presents a compilation of the scientific evidence found in the last years showing the results of interventions in lifestyle, diet, and behavioral therapies and research results in human, animal and cell models. Possible therapeutic agents ranging from supplementation with vitamins, amino acids, prebiotics, probiotics, symbiotics, polyunsaturated fatty acids and polyphenols to interventions with medicinal plants are analyzed. PMID:26512643

  3. Integrating nutrition and early child-development interventions among infants and preschoolers in rural India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez-Rao, Sylvia; Hurley, Kristen M; Nair, Krishnapillai Madhavan; Balakrishna, Nagalla; Radhakrishna, Kankipati V; Ravinder, Punjal; Tilton, Nicholas; Harding, Kimberly B; Reinhart, Greg A; Black, Maureen M

    2014-01-01

    This article describes the development, design, and implementation of an integrated randomized double-masked placebo-controlled trial (Project Grow Smart) that examines how home/preschool fortification with multiple micronutrient powder (MNP) combined with an early child-development intervention affects child development, growth, and micronutrient status among infants and preschoolers in rural India. The 1-year trial has an infant phase (enrollment age: 6-12 months) and a preschool phase (enrollment age: 36-48 months). Infants are individually randomized into one of four groups: placebo, placebo plus early learning, MNP alone, and MNP plus early learning (integrated intervention), conducted through home visits. The preschool phase is a cluster-randomized trial conducted in Anganwadi centers (AWCs), government-run preschools sponsored by the Integrated Child Development System of India. AWCs are randomized into MNP or placebo, with the MNP or placebo mixed into the children's food. The evaluation examines whether the effects of the MNP intervention vary by the quality of the early learning opportunities and communication within the AWCs. Study outcomes include child development, growth, and micronutrient status. Lessons learned during the development, design, and implementation of the integrated trial can be used to guide large-scale policy and programs designed to promote the developmental, educational, and economic potential of children in developing countries.

  4. Physical and social functional abilities seem to be maintained by a multifaceted randomized controlled nutritional intervention among old (> 65 years) Danish nursing home residents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beck, Anne Marie; Damkjær, K.; Sorbye, L. W.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose was to test the hypothesis that a multifaceted 1 1 weeks randomized controlled intervention would have a significant influence of functional abilities in old nursing home residents. Participants were 121 old (>65 years) residents in seven Danish nursing homes. The intervention consisted...... of nutrition (chocolate, homemade oral supplements), group exercise (moderate intensity) and oral care. Measurements taken were weight, body mass index (BMI), energy and protein intake, and functional abilities (activities of daily living = ADL, cognitive performance, and social engagement). The...... results showed that the nutrition and exercise were well accepted. After 11 weeks the change in % weight (1.3 vs. -0.6%, p = 0.005), % BMI (0.4 vs. -0.2%, p = 0.003), energy intake (0.7 vs. -0.3 MJ/day, p = 0.084) and protein intake (5 vs. -2 g/day, p = 0.012) was higher in the intervention group than in...

  5. Effects of pre- and postnatal nutrition interventions on child growth and body composition: the MINIMat trial in rural Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashraful Islam Khan

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Nutritional insults and conditions during fetal life and infancy influence subsequent growth and body composition of children. Objectives: Effects of maternal food and micronutrient supplementation and exclusive breastfeeding counseling on growth of offspring aged 0–54 months and their body composition at 54 months of age were studied. Methods: In the MINIMat trial (ISRCTN16581394 in Matlab, Bangladesh, pregnant women were randomized to early (around 9 weeks or usual invitation (around 20 weeks to food supplementation and to one of the three daily micronutrient supplements: 30-mg Fe and 400-µg folic acid (Fe30F, 60-mg Fe and 400-µg folic acid (Fe60F, and multiple micronutrient supplements (MMS. The supplements were also randomized to exclusive breastfeeding (EBF counseling or to usual health messages. Results: No differences in background characteristics were observed among the intervention groups. There was also no differential effect of prenatal interventions on birthweight or birthlength. Early food supplementation reduced the level of stunting from early infancy up to 54 months of age among boys (average difference – 6.5% units, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.7–11.3, p=0.01 but not among girls (average difference – 2.4% units, 95% CI −2.2–7.0, p=0.31. MMS resulted in more stunting compared to standard Fe60F (average difference – 4.8% units, 95% CI 0.8–8.9, p=0.02. Breastfeeding counseling prolonged the duration of EBF (difference – 35 days, 95% CI 30.6–39.5, p<0.001. Neither pregnancy interventions nor breastfeeding counseling influenced the body composition of children at 54 months of age. Conclusion: Early food supplementation during pregnancy reduced the occurrence of stunting among boys aged 0–54 months, while prenatal MMS increased the proportion of stunting. Food and micronutrient supplementation or EBF intervention did not affect body composition of offspring at 54 months of age. The effects of

  6. 血液透析患者的营养状况与护理干预%Nutrition status and nursing intervention of hemodialysis patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾愚; 鲁重美

    2009-01-01

    血液透析(简称血透)是终末期肾病患者常见的维持性治疗手段,血透患者存在相当高的营养不良发生率.国外诸多研究明确了营养不良发生原因,并就相关营养支持做了大量临床研究.美国、欧洲均已建立起较为成熟的针对透析患者的临床营养指南,就患者的营养筛查、营养评价工具及临床干预给出了较为明确的临床指导、建议及研究方向.国内有关营养干预的研究尚缺乏严格设计的前瞻性临床随机对照研究.护理人员在血透患者营养支持中的作用非常重要.为了提高护理人员对营养支持的认知,更好地为血透患者提供营养支持,对血透患者营养支持的现状与护理干预进行综述.%Hemedialysis is a maintaining curing means commonly used for patients having nephropathy in the end-phase and telo-phase,and bemodialysis patients have a considerably high rate of occuring malnutrition.Various studies in foreign countries have elucidated the reasons for causing malnutrition,and a lot of clinical trials have been done about related nutrition support.In US and Europe,well-rounded clinical nutrition guidelines for hemedialysis patients have been established,which give out express clinical directions,suggestions and study aspects,from the examination of patients' nutrition,to nutrition assessment tools,and to nutritional interventions.But,in the studied in our country,the study on nutritional interventions is lack of prospective randomized controlled trial with a strict design.The role of nursing staff in the nutrition support for hemedialysis patients is very important.In order to improve the congnization of nuring staff to nutrition support,and to provide a better nutrition support to bemoclialysis patients,it needs to do a review of the current situations and nursing intervention about nutrition support to hemodialysis patients.

  7. EFFECTS OF INDIVIDUALIZED NUTRITIONAL INTERVENTION DURING PREGNANCY ON GESTATIONAL OUTCOMES%孕期个性化营养干预对妊娠结局的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜艳艳; 唐赛利; 刘桂兰

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study the relationship between the individualized nutritional intervention during pregnancy with childbirth way and neonatal birth weight , provide clinical data for nutrition intervention treatment . Methods The outpatient pregnant women were randomly divided into intervention group and control group according the nutritional intervention intentions from January to June in 2014.The incidence of pregnancy specific disease , childbirth way and neonatal birth weight were recorded .Results The incidence of special diseases during pregnan-cy, cesarean section and abnormal neonatal birth weight in intervention group were lower than the control group , and the differences were statistically significant (p<0.05).Conclusion Individualized nutritional intervention during pregnancy can reduce the incidence of pregnancy specific disease , macrosomia and cesarean section .%目的:探讨孕期个性化营养干预与分娩方式及新生儿出生体重的关系,为营养干预治疗提供临床资料。方法将2014年1~7月我院门诊孕妇根据是否给予营养干预随机分为干预组和对照组,记录两组孕妇妊娠特有疾病发生率、分娩方式及新生儿出生体重。结果干预组妊娠期特有疾病发生率、剖宫产率和新生儿出生体重异常率均低于对照组,差异均有统计学意义(p<0.05)。结论孕期个性化营养干预可以减少妊娠特有疾病及巨大儿的发生,降低剖宫产率。

  8. Evaluation of Fast Food Behavior in Pre-School Children and Parents Following a One-Year Intervention with Nutrition Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongqing Gao

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A community-based intervention study was conducted to assess a nutrition education intervention on western style fast food consumption among Chinese children and parents. Eight kindergartens from three district areas of Hefei City (a total of 1252 children aged 4–6 years and their parents were randomly selected. Descriptive and analytical statistical methods were used to evaluate the baseline, midterm, and final western style fast food knowledge, attitude, and practice in both parents and children were used to identify and compare the knowledge, attitude, and practice in the parents and children. Parents and children were divided into “intervention” and “control” groups based on nutrition education status. Consumption of western style fast food at breakfast in Chinese children and parents is not high. The main reasons for this in children is that consumption of western style fast food is not viewed as “food”, but rather as a “gift” or “interesting”. The time of children’s consumption of western style fast food is mostly likely to be in the weekends. The nutrition education modified the parents’ western style fast food behavior (p < 0.01, although it did not change significantly in children. The healthy nutrition concept should be built up among Chinese, especially in children. Insights from the families provide leads for future research and ideas for the nutrition education.

  9. Evaluation of Fast Food Behavior in Pre-School Children and Parents Following a One-Year Intervention with Nutrition Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yongqing; Huang, Yuee; Zhang, Yongjun; Liu, Fengqiong; Feng, Cindy Xin; Liu, Tingting; Li, Changwei; Lin, DongDong; Mu, Yongping; Tarver, Siobhan L.; Wang, Mao; Sun, Wenjie

    2014-01-01

    A community-based intervention study was conducted to assess a nutrition education intervention on western style fast food consumption among Chinese children and parents. Eight kindergartens from three district areas of Hefei City (a total of 1252 children aged 4–6 years and their parents) were randomly selected. Descriptive and analytical statistical methods were used to evaluate the baseline, midterm, and final western style fast food knowledge, attitude, and practice in both parents and children were used to identify and compare the knowledge, attitude, and practice in the parents and children. Parents and children were divided into “intervention” and “control” groups based on nutrition education status. Consumption of western style fast food at breakfast in Chinese children and parents is not high. The main reasons for this in children is that consumption of western style fast food is not viewed as “food”, but rather as a “gift” or “interesting”. The time of children’s consumption of western style fast food is mostly likely to be in the weekends. The nutrition education modified the parents’ western style fast food behavior (p < 0.01), although it did not change significantly in children. The healthy nutrition concept should be built up among Chinese, especially in children. Insights from the families provide leads for future research and ideas for the nutrition education. PMID:24983391

  10. Taste sensitivity, nutritional status and metabolic syndrome: Implication in weight loss dietary interventions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Simona; Bertoli; Monica; Laureati; Alberto; Battezzati; Valentina; Bergamaschi; Emanuele; Cereda; Angela; Spadafranca; Laila; Vignati; Ella; Pagliarini

    2014-01-01

    AIM: We investigated the relationship between taste sensitivity, nutritional status and metabolic syndrome and possible implications on weight loss dietary program. METHODS: Sensitivity for bitter, sweet, salty and sour tastes was assessed by the three-Alternative-Forced-Choice method in 41 overweight(OW), 52 obese(OB) patients and 56 normal-weight matched controls. OW and OB were assessed also for body composition(by impedence), resting energy expenditure(by indirect calorimetry) and presence of metabolic syndrome(MetS) and were prescribed a weight loss diet. Compliance to the weight loss dietary program was defined as adherence to control visits and weight loss ≥ 5% in 3 mo. RESULTS: Sex and age-adjusted multiple regression models revealed a significant association between body mass index(BMI) and both sour taste(P < 0.05) and global taste acuity score(GTAS)(P < 0.05), with lower sensitivity with increasing BMI. This trend in sensitivity for sour taste was also confirmed by the model refitted on the OW/OB group while the association with GTAS was marginally significant(P = 0.06). MetS+ subjects presented higher thresholds for salty taste when compared to MetS- patients while no significant difference was detected for the other tastes and GTAS. As assessed by multiple regression model, the association between salty taste and MetS appeared to be independent of sex, age and BMI. Patients continuing the program(n = 37) did not show any difference in baseline taste sensitivity when compared to drop-outs(n = 29). Similarly, no significant difference was detected between patients reporting and not reporting a weight loss ≥ 5% of the initial body weight. No significant dif-ference in taste sensitivity was detected even after dividing patients on the basis of nutritional(OW and OB) or metabolic status(MetS+ and MetS-). CONCLUSION: There is no cause-effect relationship between overweight and metabolic derangements. Taste thresholds assessment is not useful in

  11. Tulimbe Nutrition Project: a community-based dietary intervention to combat micronutrient malnutrition in rural southern Malawi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berhe, G

    1997-12-01

    This article describes the community-based nutrition intervention in rural southern Malawi. The program aims to reverse micronutrient deficiencies in vitamin A, iron, and zinc in a society where staple diets are plant-based and contain high levels of anti-nutrients. Anti-nutrients, such as polyphenols, dietary fiber, and phytates, inhibit absorption of iron and zinc. This population's diet was also low in dairy and meat products. The Tulimbe Nutrition Project aimed to modify and diversify diets rather than to supplement or fortify diets. This approach was more culturally acceptable and economically feasible. The approach required changing food selection patterns and methods of preparing and processing indigenous foods. The new diets aimed to enhance the availability, access, and use of micronutrient-rich foods throughout the year. The project was initiated in 1995 in two communities among 300 families with children ranging in age from 3 to 7 years. A baseline assessment with interviews and focus groups was conducted. The assessment for children included a 24-hour dietary recall, anthropometric measurement, and other clinical measurement. Anthropometric and dietary assessments were repeated at 6 and 12 months. New cultivars and technologies were introduced, such as soybeans, short-duration pigeon peas, groundnuts, sunflower seeds, and papaya seedlings. The Malawi Industrial Research and Technology Development Center built and installed solar dryers, seed oil presses, and ovens in each community. People were encouraged to include soaked and fermented maize flour and germinated cereal flours in infant and child porridges. Parents were educated about micronutrient-rich foods, meal frequencies, portion sizes, and food combinations. Information was provided through demonstrations, home visits, plays, songs, and booklets. The program evaluation is in progress.

  12. Nutritional interventions to augment resistance training-induced skeletal muscle hypertrophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert W Morton

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Skeletal muscle mass is regulated by a balance between muscle protein synthesis (MPS and muscle protein breakdown (MPB. In healthy humans, MPS is more sensitive (varying 4-5 times more than MPB to changes in protein feeding and loading indicating that it is the primary locus determining gains in muscle mass. Performing resistance exercise (RE followed by the consumption of protein results in an augmentation of MPS and, over time, can lead to muscle hypertrophy. The magnitude of the RE-induced increase in MPS (and potentially subsequent hypertrophy is dictated by a variety of factors including: the dose of protein, source of protein, and possibly the distribution and timing of post-exercise protein ingestion. In addition, RE variables such as frequency of sessions, time under tension, volume, and training status play roles in regulating MPS. This review provides a brief overview of our current understanding of how RE and protein ingestion can influence gains in skeletal muscle mass in young, healthy individuals. It is the goal of this review to provide nutritional recommendations for optimal skeletal muscle adaptation. Specifically, we will focus on how the manipulation of protein intake during the recovery period following RE augments the adaptive response.

  13. Nutritional interventions to augment resistance training-induced skeletal muscle hypertrophy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morton, Robert W.; McGlory, Chris; Phillips, Stuart M.

    2015-01-01

    Skeletal muscle mass is regulated by a balance between muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and muscle protein breakdown (MPB). In healthy humans, MPS is more sensitive (varying 4–5 times more than MPB) to changes in protein feeding and loading rendering it the primary locus determining gains in muscle mass. Performing resistance exercise (RE) followed by the consumption of protein results in an augmentation of MPS and, over time, can lead to muscle hypertrophy. The magnitude of the RE-induced increase in MPS is dictated by a variety of factors including: the dose of protein, source of protein, and possibly the distribution and timing of post-exercise protein ingestion. In addition, RE variables such as frequency of sessions, time under tension, volume, and training status play roles in regulating MPS. This review provides a brief overview of our current understanding of how RE and protein ingestion can influence gains in skeletal muscle mass in young, healthy individuals. It is the goal of this review to provide nutritional recommendations for optimal skeletal muscle adaptation. Specifically, we will focus on how the manipulation of protein intake during the recovery period following RE augments the adaptive response. PMID:26388782

  14. Nutritional and botanical interventions to assist with the adaptation to stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, G S

    1999-08-01

    Prolonged stress, whether a result of mental/emotional upset or due to physical factors such as malnutrition, surgery, chemical exposure, excessive exercise, sleep deprivation, or a host of other environmental causes, results in predictable systemic effects. The systemic effects of stress include increased levels of stress hormones such as cortisol, a decline in certain aspects of immune system function such as natural killer cell cytotoxicity or secretory-IgA levels, and a disruption of gastrointestinal microflora balance. These systemic changes might be a substantial contributor to many of the stress-associated declines in health. Based on human and animal research, it appears a variety of nutritional and botanical substances - such as adaptogenic herbs, specific vitamins including ascorbic acid, vitamins B1 and B6, the coenzyme forms of vitamin B5 (pantethine) and B12 (methylcobalamin), the amino acid tyrosine, and other nutrients such as lipoic acid, phosphatidylserine, and plant sterol/sterolin combinations - may allow individuals to sustain an adaptive response and minimize some of the systemic effects of stress. PMID:10468649

  15. Lean tissue imaging: a new era for nutritional assessment and intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prado, Carla M M; Heymsfield, Steven B

    2014-11-01

    Body composition refers to the amount of fat and lean tissues in our body; it is a science that looks beyond a unit of body weight, accounting for the proportion of different tissues and its relationship to health. Although body weight and body mass index are well-known indexes of health status, most researchers agree that they are rather inaccurate measures, especially for elderly individuals and those patients with specific clinical conditions. The emerging use of imaging techniques such as dual energy x-ray absorptiometry, computerized tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound imaging in the clinical setting have highlighted the importance of lean soft tissue (LST) as an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality. It is clear from emerging studies that body composition health will be vital in treatment decisions, prognostic outcomes, and quality of life in several nonclinical and clinical states. This review explores the methodologies and the emerging value of imaging techniques in the assessment of body composition, focusing on the value of LST to predict nutrition status.

  16. Nutritional intervention in oncohematological patient Intervención nutricional en el paciente oncohematológico

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    C. Gómez-Candela

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Oncohematological diseases such as lymphoma or leukaemia affect an increasing number of newly diagnosed patients in Spain and other countries. Both disease and treatment may have a negatively impact in the nutritional status of the patient. Malnutrition is not uncommon among oncohematological patients. This situation can compromised the course of the disease, the clinical response of the treatment and the patient's quality of life. Method: The implementation of a multidisciplinary approach and a systematic and protocolled nutritional assessment would be useful when dealing with haematological malignancies. Results: We present a proposal of protocol for nutritional intervention in oncohematological patients. This proposal is been developed from the analysis of the published literature as well as clinical practice of a multi-disciplinary team specialized in the management of patients with haematological malignancies.Objetivos: Las enfermedades oncohematológicas como el Linfoma o la Leucemia afectan a un número importante y creciente de personas en España. Tanto la enfermedad como las distintas modalidades de tratamiento que puede llegar a precisar el paciente a lo largo del curso de la misma impactan negativamente en el estado nutricional del paciente, no siendo infrecuente el desarrollo de desnutrición, situación que compromete la evolución, la respuesta al tratamiento y la calidad de vida del paciente. Método: La implementación de una estrategia multidisciplinar, sistematizada y protocolizada de valoración nutricional puede resultar de utilidad a la hora de abordar a los pacientes con enfermedades oncohematológicas. Resultados: Se presenta una propuesta de protocolo de evaluación y soporte nutricional en el paciente oncohematológico elaborada a partir del análisis de la literatura publicada al respecto, así como de la práctica clínica habitual de un equipo sanitario multidisciplinar especialmente implicado en el

  17. The Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (INFANT an early intervention to prevent childhood obesity: Cluster-randomised controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Campbell Karen

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Multiple factors combine to support a compelling case for interventions that target the development of obesity-promoting behaviours (poor diet, low physical activity and high sedentary behaviour from their inception. These factors include the rapidly increasing prevalence of fatness throughout childhood, the instigation of obesity-promoting behaviours in infancy, and the tracking of these behaviours from childhood through to adolescence and adulthood. The Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (INFANT aims to determine the effectiveness of an early childhood obesity prevention intervention delivered to first-time parents. The intervention, conducted with parents over the infant's first 18 months of life, will use existing social networks (first-time parent's groups and an anticipatory guidance framework focusing on parenting skills which support the development of positive diet and physical activity behaviours, and reduced sedentary behaviours in infancy. Methods/Design This cluster-randomised controlled trial, with first-time parent groups as the unit of randomisation, will be conducted with a sample of 600 first-time parents and their newborn children who attend the first-time parents' group at Maternal and Child Health Centres. Using a two-stage sampling process, local government areas in Victoria, Australia will be randomly selected at the first stage. At the second stage, a proportional sample of first-time parent groups within selected local government areas will be randomly selected and invited to participate. Informed consent will be obtained and groups will then be randomly allocated to the intervention or control group. Discussion The early years hold promise as a time in which obesity prevention may be most effective. To our knowledge this will be the first randomised trial internationally to demonstrate whether an early health promotion program delivered to first-time parents in their existing social groups

  18. 营养干预对维持性血液透析患者营养状况的影响%Effects of Nutritional Intervention on Nutritional Status of Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨子艳; 程博; 郝晶; 王璐

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To explore the effects of nutritional intervention on nutritional status in the maintenance hemodialysis patients. [Method] Totally 108 maintenance hemodialysis patients were enrolled and randomized into study group (n=50) and control group (n=58), and the study group were received nutrional intervention for 6 months. The two groups were analyzed before and after nutritional intervention by the nutritionist with the subjective global assessment (SGA). [Result] Baseline data were comparable in the two groups. Incidence of the malnutrition in study group were significantly lower than those in control group after the nutritional intervention. [Conclusion] Nutritional intervention may help to improve the nutritional status in the MHD patients.%目的:探讨营养干预对维持性血液透析(MHD)患者营养状况的影响。方法:将研究对象随机分为实验组(50例)和对照组(58例),实验组实施营养干预6个月。采用主观全面评定法(SGA),评价实验前后两组患者营养状况的变化。结果:两纽研究对象的基线资料有可比性,实验组营养干预前后营养不良发生率无统计学差异;对照组营养不良发生率增加;两组相比,差异有统计学意义。结论:营养干预可延缓维持性血液透析患者营养不良的进展或加重,有必要推出个体化的MHD患者营养干预措施。

  19. NUTRITION INTERVENTION ON THE SPORTS ANEMIA%营养干预对运动性贫血干预

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周红梅

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To explore the nutrition intervention on the sports anemia. [Methods] A total of 50 students were included in our study. According to the sex and criteria of sports anemia by WHO, the students were divided into four groups, including female anemia group (n = 12) , health female group (re = 26), male anemia group (n = 5) and health male group (n = 17). We detected the iron metabolism and other related factors in blood. [Results] After intervention, the serum iron content in the intervention group was significantly higher than that of control group, the serum iron of female anemia group were increased to 0.8, and male anemia group were increased to 0.9 (P < 0.0S), and was equal to the health control group. The serum ferritin of the female intervention group increased to 42.4, and male intervention group increased to 45.8, and was similar to the health group. The serum transports iron of the female intervention group decreased to 261.7, and the male intervention group decreased to 275.2, which was similar to the serum transports iron. [Conclusion] Increasing the haemoglobin levels and iron in body could decrease the sports anemia, and increase the capacity of sports.%[目的]探讨营养干预对运动性贫血的干预效果.[方法]纳入某高校体育专业学生共60名,根据运动员的性别和WHO判定运动性贫血的标准分为4组,为女性贫血组(n=12)和对照组(n = 26)、男性贫血组(n=5)和对照组(n= 17).在实验室对血液中铁代谢及相关指标进行检测.[结果]干预后,血清铁与干预前相比显著性的提高,女性贫血组提到了0.8,男性贫血组提高到了0.9 (P<0.05),并与正常人的水平相接近.血清铁蛋白干预后,女性贫血组提高到了42.4,男性贫血症提高到了45.8,与正常的血清铁蛋白水平相接近.女性贫血组的血清转铁蛋白降低到了261.7,男性贫血组的水平降低到了275.2,与正常的血清转铁蛋白想接近.[结论]提高血红蛋白水平和机

  20. Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Children: Focus on Nutritional Interventions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min Yang

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available With increasing prevalence of childhood obesity, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD has emerged as the most common cause of liver disease among children and adolescents in industrialized countries. It is generally recognized that both genetic and environmental risk factors contribute to the pathogenesis of NAFLD. Recently, there has been a growing body of evidence to implicate altered gut microbiota in the development of NAFLD through the gut-liver axis. The first line of prevention and treatment of NAFLD in children should be intensive lifestyle interventions such as changes in diet and physical activity. Recent advances have been focused on limitation of dietary fructose and supplementation of antioxidants, omega-3 fatty acids, and prebiotics/probiotics. Convincing evidences from both animal models and human studies have shown that reduction of dietary fructose and supplement of vitamin E, omega-3 fatty acids, and prebiotics/probiotics improve NAFLD.

  1. Nutri-metabolomics: subtle serum metabolic differences in healthy subjects by NMR-based metabolomics after a short-term nutritional intervention with two tomato sauces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bondia-Pons, Isabel; Cañellas, Nicolau; Abete, Itziar; Rodríguez, Miguel Ángel; Perez-Cornago, Aurora; Navas-Carretero, Santiago; Zulet, M Ángeles; Correig, Xavier; Martínez, J Alfredo

    2013-12-01

    Postgenomics research and development is witnessing novel intersections of omics data intensive technology and applications in health and personalized nutrition. Chief among these is the nascent field of nutri-metabolomics that harnesses metabolomics platforms to discern person-to-person variations in nutritional responses. To this end, differences in the origin and ripening stage of fruits might have a strong impact on their phytochemical composition, and consequently, on their potential nutri-metabolomics effects on health. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of a 4-week cross-over nutritional intervention on the metabolic status of 24 young healthy subjects. The intervention was carried out with two tomato sauces differing in their natural lycopene content, which was achieved by using tomatoes harvested at different times. Blood samples were drawn from each subject before and after each intervention period. Aqueous and lipid extracts from serum samples were analyzed by 1H-NMR metabolic profiling combined with analysis of variance simultaneous component analysis (ASCA) and multilevel simultaneous component analysis (MSCA). These methods allowed the interpretation of the variation induced by the main factors of the study design (sauce treatment and time). The levels of creatine, creatinine, leucine, choline, methionine, and acetate in aqueous extracts were increased after the intervention with the high-lycopene content sauce, while those of ascorbic acid, lactate, pyruvate, isoleucine, alanine were increased after the normal-lycopene content sauce. In conclusion, NMR-based metabolomics of aqueous and lipid extracts allowed the detection of different metabolic changes after the nutritional intervention. This outcome might partly be due to the different ripening state of the fruits used in production of the tomato sauces. The findings presented herein collectively attest to the emergence of the field of nutri-metabolomics as a novel

  2. Type 2 diabetes mellitus and inflammation: Prospects for biomarkers of risk and nutritional intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alaa Badawi

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Alaa Badawi1, Amira Klip2, Pierre Haddad3, David EC Cole4, Bibiana Garcia Bailo1,5, Ahmed El-Sohemy5, Mohamed Karmali11Office for Biotechnology, Genomics and Population Health, Public Health Agency of Canada, Toronto, ON, Canada; 2Cell Biology Program, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada; 3Natural Health Products and Metabolic Diseases Laboratory, Department of Pharmacology and Montreal Diabetes Research Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada; 4Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, 5Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, CanadaAbstract: Obesity is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM, which is a significant health problem worldwide. Active disease is associated with low-grade chronic inflammation resulting in part from the activation of the innate immune system. In obesity, this activation leads to the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β and interleukin-6 that block major anabolic cascades downstream of insulin signaling and thus disrupt insulin homeostasis and action. Cytokines also trigger the production of acute-phase reactants such as C-reactive protein, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, serum amyloid-A, and haptoglobin. The elevated synthesis of pro-inflammatory cytokines and acute-phase proteins (inflammatory network characterizes the early (or pre-clinical stages of T2DM and exhibits a graded increase with the disease progression. Current evidence suggests that understanding inflammatory networks can point to new biomarkers that may permit capturing the interaction between genetic and environmental risk factors in the pathogenesis of T2DM. Such biomarkers have a significant public health potential in the prediction of disease occurrence beyond risk factors presently monitored, such as family history, lifestyle assessment and standard clinical chemistry profiles. Furthermore, inflammatory markers may assist in the

  3. Sarcopenia of aging and its nutritional intervention%老年性肌少症(Sarcopenia)与营养干预

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关玮; 陶晔璇; 蔡骏

    2012-01-01

    Sarcopenia is a series of syndromes featured by the steady and involuntary loss of skeletal muscle mass and function with aging.It can lower the quality of life and increase the risk of disability and mortality.Deficiency in some nutrients such as amino acids and proteins and accordingly the decreased in the synthesis of muscle protein and changes in muscle tissues may contribute to the development of sarcopenia.Therefore,nutritional interventions may play a role in the prevention and treatment of sarcopenia.%肌少症(Sarcopenia)是老龄化进程中以骨骼肌质量及其力量下降为特征的一类临床综合征,可降低老年人生活质量,增加老年人残疾发生率和疾病死亡率.营养素缺乏及其导致的肌蛋白合成减少、肌肉组织的特殊变化等都是肌少症发生和进展的重要原因.因此,深入探讨营养干预对老年性肌少症的防治具有重要的理论和临床意义.

  4. Lutein, zeaxanthin, and meso-zeaxanthin: The basic and clinical science underlying carotenoid-based nutritional interventions against ocular disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernstein, Paul S; Li, Binxing; Vachali, Preejith P; Gorusupudi, Aruna; Shyam, Rajalekshmy; Henriksen, Bradley S; Nolan, John M

    2016-01-01

    The human macula uniquely concentrates three carotenoids: lutein, zeaxanthin, and meso-zeaxanthin. Lutein and zeaxanthin must be obtained from dietary sources such as green leafy vegetables and orange and yellow fruits and vegetables, while meso-zeaxanthin is rarely found in diet and is believed to be formed at the macula by metabolic transformations of ingested carotenoids. Epidemiological studies and large-scale clinical trials such as AREDS2 have brought attention to the potential ocular health and functional benefits of these three xanthophyll carotenoids consumed through the diet or supplements, but the basic science and clinical research underlying recommendations for nutritional interventions against age-related macular degeneration and other eye diseases are underappreciated by clinicians and vision researchers alike. In this review article, we first examine the chemistry, biochemistry, biophysics, and physiology of these yellow pigments that are specifically concentrated in the macula lutea through the means of high-affinity binding proteins and specialized transport and metabolic proteins where they play important roles as short-wavelength (blue) light-absorbers and localized, efficient antioxidants in a region at high risk for light-induced oxidative stress. Next, we turn to clinical evidence supporting functional benefits of these carotenoids in normal eyes and for their potential protective actions against ocular disease from infancy to old age. PMID:26541886

  5. An Antimethanogenic Nutritional Intervention in Early Life of Ruminants Modifies Ruminal Colonization by Archaea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leticia Abecia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to study whether feeding a methanogen inhibitor from birth of goat kids and their does has an impact on the archaeal population colonizing the rumen and to what extent the impact persists later in life. Sixteen goats giving birth to two kids were used. Eight does were treated (D+ with bromochloromethane after giving birth and over 2 months. The other 8 goats were not treated (D−. One kid per doe in both groups was treated with bromochloromethane (k+ for 3 months while the other was untreated (k−, resulting in four experimental groups: D+/k+, D+/k−, D−/k+, and D−/k−. Rumen samples were collected from kids at weaning and 1 and 4 months after (3 and 6 months after birth and from does at the end of the treating period (2 months. Pyrosequencing analyses showed a modified archaeal community composition colonizing the rumen of kids, although such effect did not persist entirely 4 months after; however, some less abundant groups remained different in treated and control animals. The different response on the archaeal community composition observed between offspring and adult goats suggests that the competition occurring in the developing rumen to occupy different niches offer potential for intervention.

  6. The effectiveness of an educational intervention in changing nursing practice and preventing catheter-related infection for patients receiving total parenteral nutrition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinç, L; Erdil, F

    2000-10-01

    Catheter-related infections are one of the most serious complications of TPN therapy. Nurses have important responsibilities in the care of patients who are receiving TPN. This quasi-experimental study was conducted for the purpose of investigating the effectiveness of an educational intervention on changing nursing practice and preventing catheter-related infections in patients receiving total parenteral nutrition. The nurses' practice and the colonisation rate of control and comparative group patients in the surgical clinics of Hacettepe University Hospital (Turkey), and related variables were examined before and after an educational intervention. The findings of the study indicate that the intervention was successful in improving appropriate nursing practice, mean scores of nurses' practices were 45.7 before and 66.5 after the intervention (p<0.05). The rate of microorganism colonisation was also decreased but statistical analysis demonstrated no association between nursing practices and microorganism colonisation of catheter cultures.

  7. Challenges and interventions in meeting delivery of nutrition in mid-day meal scheme: a pilot in district Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iksha Chhabra

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Providing cooked food to about hundred million children under mid-day meal scheme has been accomplished. Focus has now shifted to delivery of nutrition since the National Food Security Act specifies statutory quantities of protein and calories. Aims & Objectives: Delivery of nutrition requires comprehensive overhaul to include interventions in area of storage, preparation and practices, stoves, human resource development and community participation. Methodology: Based on a baseline survey of 70 schools through random selection in two blocks of Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh these concerns were investigated in details for specific interventions. Results: Nutrition: Both Faizabad and MHRD’s all India data establish that net quantities consumed by a child (quantity served minus plate waste cannot provide prescribed nutrition. It reiterated the fact that mid-day meal is first and major meal for most rural children. Experiments conducted to standardize quantities, consistencies and splitting meal into snack plus meal improved nutritional delivery. Hygiene and food safety: In both blocks food was delivered at high temperature enabling food safety standards to be met with improved hygiene and Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs. Human Resource: A pictorial training manual was prepared to train master trainers as well as cooks. Location specific training using local idiom and practices were used and campaign was conducted to enhance community participation in 45 villages. Fuel efficiency: Low cost smokeless chullahs (stoves designed locally resulted in fuel savings. High efficiency cook stoves were also tested, however their cost limits reproduction. Conclusion: Accomplishing comprehensive improvement within existing cost of conversion per child is a challenge particularly since there are no economies of scale in rural areas. The methodologies created in the pilot for hygiene and food safety, awareness and capacity building through campaigns and

  8. Association between serum 25(OH) vitamin D, incident liver cancer and chronic liver disease mortality in the Linxian Nutrition Intervention Trials: a nested case–control study

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, J-B; Abnet, C. C.; Chen, W.; Dawsey, S M; Fan, J-H; Yin, L-Y; Yin, J.; Major, J M; Taylor, P R; Qiao, Y-L; Freedman, N D

    2013-01-01

    Background: Although vitamin D deficiency has been noted in cross-sectional studies of chronic liver disease and laboratory studies suggest possible benefits of vitamin D in preventing liver cancer, little epidemiologic data are available. Methods: We performed a nested case–control study in the Linxian Nutrition Intervention Trials on participants developing incident liver cancer or dying from chronic liver disease over 22 years of follow-up. Baseline serum 25(OH) vitamin D was measured for ...

  9. Methodological development of an exploratory randomised controlled trial of an early years' nutrition intervention: the CHERRY programme (choosing healthy eating when really young)

    OpenAIRE

    Watt, Richard Geddie; Draper, Alizon K.; Ohly, Heather R.; Rees, Gail; Pikhart, Hynek; Cooke, Lucy; Moore, Laurence; Crawley, Helen; Pettinger, Clare; McGlone, Pauline; Hayter, Arabella K. M.

    2013-01-01

    Good nutrition in the early years of life is vitally important for a child's development, growth and health. Children's diets in the United Kingdom are known to be poor, particularly among socially disadvantaged groups, and there is a need for timely and appropriate interventions that support parents to improve the diets of young children. The Medical Research Council has highlighted the importance of conducting developmental and exploratory research prior to undertaking full-scale trials to ...

  10. Sustaining Effect of Intensive Nutritional Intervention Combined with Health Education on Dietary Behavior and Plasma Glucose in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Fan

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Diabetes mellitus is very common in elderly Chinese individuals. Although nutritional intervention can provide a balanced diet, the sustaining effect on at-home dietary behavior and long-term plasma glucose control is not clear. Consequently, we conducted a long-term survey following one month of experiential nutritional intervention combined with health education. Based on the Dietary Guidelines for a Chinese Resident, we found that the food items met the recommended values, the percentages of energy provided from fat, protein, and carbohydrate were more reasonable after one year. The newly formed dietary patterns were “Healthy”, “Monotonous”, “Vegetarian”, “Japanese”, “Low energy”, and “Traditional” diets. The 2h-PG of female participants as well as those favoring the “Japanese diet” decreased above 12 mmol/L. Participants who selected “Japanese” and “Healthy” diets showed an obvious reduction in FPG while the FPG of participants from Group A declined slightly. “Japanese” and “Healthy” diets also obtained the highest DDP scores, and thus can be considered suitable for T2DM treatment in China. The results of the newly formed dietary patterns, “Japanese” and “Healthy” diets, confirmed the profound efficacy of nutritional intervention combined with health education for improving dietary behavior and glycemic control although health education played a more important role. The present study is encouraging with regard to further exploration of comprehensive diabetes care.

  11. Sustaining Effect of Intensive Nutritional Intervention Combined with Health Education on Dietary Behavior and Plasma Glucose in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Rui; Xu, Meihong; Wang, Junbo; Zhang, Zhaofeng; Chen, Qihe; Li, Ye; Gu, Jiaojiao; Cai, Xiaxia; Guo, Qianying; Bao, Lei; Li, Yong

    2016-01-01

    Diabetes mellitus is very common in elderly Chinese individuals. Although nutritional intervention can provide a balanced diet, the sustaining effect on at-home dietary behavior and long-term plasma glucose control is not clear. Consequently, we conducted a long-term survey following one month of experiential nutritional intervention combined with health education. Based on the Dietary Guidelines for a Chinese Resident, we found that the food items met the recommended values, the percentages of energy provided from fat, protein, and carbohydrate were more reasonable after one year. The newly formed dietary patterns were "Healthy", "Monotonous", "Vegetarian", "Japanese", "Low energy", and "Traditional" diets. The 2h-PG of female participants as well as those favoring the "Japanese diet" decreased above 12 mmol/L. Participants who selected "Japanese" and "Healthy" diets showed an obvious reduction in FPG while the FPG of participants from Group A declined slightly. "Japanese" and "Healthy" diets also obtained the highest DDP scores, and thus can be considered suitable for T2DM treatment in China. The results of the newly formed dietary patterns, "Japanese" and "Healthy" diets, confirmed the profound efficacy of nutritional intervention combined with health education for improving dietary behavior and glycemic control although health education played a more important role. The present study is encouraging with regard to further exploration of comprehensive diabetes care. PMID:27649232

  12. Sustaining Effect of Intensive Nutritional Intervention Combined with Health Education on Dietary Behavior and Plasma Glucose in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Rui; Xu, Meihong; Wang, Junbo; Zhang, Zhaofeng; Chen, Qihe; Li, Ye; Gu, Jiaojiao; Cai, Xiaxia; Guo, Qianying; Bao, Lei; Li, Yong

    2016-01-01

    Diabetes mellitus is very common in elderly Chinese individuals. Although nutritional intervention can provide a balanced diet, the sustaining effect on at-home dietary behavior and long-term plasma glucose control is not clear. Consequently, we conducted a long-term survey following one month of experiential nutritional intervention combined with health education. Based on the Dietary Guidelines for a Chinese Resident, we found that the food items met the recommended values, the percentages of energy provided from fat, protein, and carbohydrate were more reasonable after one year. The newly formed dietary patterns were “Healthy”, “Monotonous”, “Vegetarian”, “Japanese”, “Low energy”, and “Traditional” diets. The 2h-PG of female participants as well as those favoring the “Japanese diet” decreased above 12 mmol/L. Participants who selected “Japanese” and “Healthy” diets showed an obvious reduction in FPG while the FPG of participants from Group A declined slightly. “Japanese” and “Healthy” diets also obtained the highest DDP scores, and thus can be considered suitable for T2DM treatment in China. The results of the newly formed dietary patterns, “Japanese” and “Healthy” diets, confirmed the profound efficacy of nutritional intervention combined with health education for improving dietary behavior and glycemic control although health education played a more important role. The present study is encouraging with regard to further exploration of comprehensive diabetes care. PMID:27649232

  13. Effectiveness of a Lifestyle Intervention in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: The Physical Activity and Nutrition for Diabetes in Alberta (PANDA Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghada Asaad

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Type 2 diabetes (T2D patients often find integrating a new dietary pattern into their lifestyle challenging; therefore, the PANDA (Physical Activity and Nutrition for Diabetes in Alberta menu plan intervention was developed to help people incorporate the Canadian Diabetes Association (CDA nutrition therapy guidelines into their daily lives. The menu plan focused on recipes and foods that were accessible, available and acceptable to Albertans. The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention on blood glucose control and dietary adherence and quality among patients with T2D. Participants with T2D (n = 73 enrolled in a single-arm incorporating interactive education based on a four-week menu plan that incorporated the recommendations of the CDA nutrition therapy guidelines. Post-intervention follow-up was conducted at three and six months. After three months, there were beneficial changes in A1c (−0.7%, body mass index (BMI, −0.6 kg/m2, diastolic blood pressure (−4 mmHg, total cholesterol (−63 mg/dL, HDL- (+28 mg/dL and LDL-cholesterol (−89 mg/dL, Healthy Eating Index (+2.1 score and perceived dietary adherence (+8.5 score (all p < 0.05. The significant improvements in A1c, BMI and lipids were maintained at six months. The PANDA menu plan intervention was effective in improving glycemic control and diet quality. The results suggest that a dietary intervention incorporating interactive education sessions focused on menu planning with familiar, accessible foods may be effective for diabetes management.

  14. [Community nutrition].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aranceta Bartrina, J; Pérez Rodrigo, C; Serra Majem, L I

    2006-01-01

    A growing body of scientific and epidemiological evidence indicates that diet and health are related: diet may be a risk factor or have potential protective effects. As a consequence, the focus of nutrition research has experienced a shift towards qualitative aspects of diet which could influence chronic disease, longevity, quality of life and physical and cognitive performance, leading to the development of Community Nutrition. The main undertakings in a Community Nutrition Unit are related to the identification, assessment and monitoring of nutrition problems at the community level and to planning, design, implementation and evaluation of nutrition intervention programs. Such programs combine a number of suitable strategies in a whole population approach, a high risk approach or an approach targeted at specific population groups, and are implemented in different settings, such as the work place, schools or community organizations. Community nutrition interventions aim to gradually achieve change in eating patterns towards a healthier profile. Community Nutrition programs require the use of a combination of strategies and a working group of people from different backgrounds. Many factors influence the nutritional status of an individual or a population. In order to gain effective work output, sound understanding of these patterns and a practical surveillance system are required. PMID:17424768

  15. Feasibility of Using a Web-Based Nutrition Intervention Among Residents of Multiethnic Working-Class Neighborhoods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorna H. McNeill, PhD

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Using the Internet to promote behavior change is becoming more desirable as Internet use continues to increase among diverse audiences. Yet we know very little about whether this medium is useful or about different strategies to encourage Internet use by various populations. This pilot study tested the usefulness of a Web-based intervention designed to deliver nutrition-related information to and increase fruit and vegetable consumption among adults from working-class neighborhoods.Methods Participants (N = 52 had access to the Web site for 6 weeks and received three e-mail reminders encouraging them to eat fruits and vegetables. The Web site provided information about overcoming barriers to healthy eating, accessing social support for healthy eating, setting goals for healthy eating, and maintaining a healthy diet, including recipes. We collected data on participants’ use of the Web site, their Internet access and use, and their fruit and vegetable consumption.Results The mean age of the participants was 46 years, 73% were white, 46% did not have a college degree, and 12% had household incomes at or below 185% of the federal poverty index. They reported consuming an average of 3.4 servings of fruits and vegetables per day. More than half of the participants owned a computer, 75% logged onto the Web site at least once, and those who visited the site averaged 3.8 visits and viewed an average of 24.5 pages. The number of log-ons per day declined over the study period; however, reminder e-mails appeared to motivate participants to return to the Web site. Roughly 74% of participants viewed information on goal setting, 72% viewed information on dietary tracking, and 56% searched for main course recipes.Conclusion The results of this pilot study suggest that Internet-based health messages have the potential to reach a large percentage of adults from working-class neighborhoods who have access to the Internet.

  16. Prospective study of Helicobacter pylori antigens and gastric noncardia cancer risk in the nutrition intervention trial cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Gwen; Freedman, Neal D; Michel, Angelika; Fan, Jin-Hu; Taylor, Philip R; Pawlita, Michael; Qiao, You-Lin; Zhang, Han; Yu, Kai; Abnet, Christian C; Dawsey, Sanford M

    2015-10-15

    Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is the strongest known risk factor for gastric noncardia adenocarcinoma (GNCA). We used multiplex serology to determine whether seropositivity to 15 H. pylori proteins is associated with the subsequent development of noncardia gastric cancer in Linxian, China. We included 448 GNCA cases and 1242 controls from two time points within the Linxian General Population Nutrition Intervention Trial, Linxian. H. pylori multiplex seropositivity was defined as positivity to ≥4 of the 15 included antigens. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were adjusted for major GNCA risk factors. In addition, we undertook a meta-analysis combining H. pylori multiplex serology data from both time points. H. pylori multiplex seropositivity was associated with a significant increase in risk of GNCA at one time point (1985; OR: 3.44, 95% CI: 1.91, 6.19) and this association remained significant following adjustment for H. pylori or CagA ELISA seropositivity (OR: 2.92, 95% CI: 1.56, 5.47). Combining data from both time points in a meta-analysis H. pylori multiplex seropositivity was associated with an increased risk of GNCA, as were six individual antigens: GroEL, HP0305, CagA, VacA, HcpC and Omp. CagM was inversely associated with risk of GNCA. We identified six individual antigens that confer an increase in risk of GNCA within this population of high H. pylori seroprevalence, as well as a single antigen that may be inversely associated with GNCA risk. We further determined that the H. pylori multiplex assay provides additional information to the conventional ELISA methods on risk of GNCA. PMID:25845708

  17. Influence of dietary nutrition intervention on patients with psoriasis%膳食营养干预对银屑病患者的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵玉芳; 覃桂玲; 黎玉芬

    2014-01-01

    目的 探讨膳食营养干预对银屑病患者膳食营养知识和饮食依从性的影响.方法 选择40例住院治疗的银屑病患者,应用平衡膳食宝塔+食物交换份法为患者制订个体化简明饮食处方,并配合银屑病饮食营养相关知识宣教进行膳食营养干预,干预前与干预后分别对患者进行营养相关知识和饮食依从性比较.结果 干预前患者营养相关知识得分<60分为31例占77.5%,饮食依从性好9例占22.5%,干预后营养相关知识得分<60分18例占45.0%,饮食依从性好22例占55.5%,较干预前提高,差异有统计学意义.结论 银屑病患者膳食营养知识水平普遍较低,饮食依从性差.对患者进行膳食营养干预,能够提高患者营养知识水平,提高饮食依从性,改善患者膳食营养结构,促进疾病快速恢复.%Objective To study on the effect of dietary nutrition intervention in community on nutrition knowledge and dietary compliance in patients with psoriasis.Methods 40 patients with psoriasis were given a balanced diet pagoda and food exchange method,along with psoriasis nutrition knowledge manual to make individual and concise diet prescription.The nutrition knowledge and dietary compliance of patients before and after the intervention were compared.Results In a nutrition knowledge test,before the intervention,31 patients obtained a score below 60 which accounted for 77.5%,and 9 patients got higher score which meant 22.5% patients had a good dietary compliance.After the intervention,18 patients (45.0%) got a score below 60,while 22 (55.5%) patients got a good score,the results after the intervention were statistically higher than those before the intervention.Conclusions Patients with psoriasis have poor cognitions and bad dietary compliance.After dietary nutrition intervention,the nutrition knowledge is enhanced and the dietary compliance gets higher,the dietary structure is improved,and consequently accelerate the

  18. Diabetic diet and nutrition nursing intervention%糖尿病患者饮食与营养的护理干预

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷红力; 孙波

    2013-01-01

    目的:通过对糖尿病患者饮食与营养的护理干预,观察干预的效果.方法:研究分糖尿病组和非糖尿病组两组,并在糖尿病组中,又分干预前组和干预后组,进行对照性研究.结果:住院的糖尿病组患者的血红蛋白和血清白蛋白的检查结果低于非糖尿病组患者,两组之间存在显著差异(P<0.005).对糖尿病组的患者实施饮食与营养的护理干预,显示干预后比干预前,糖尿病患者的血糖控制良好、血红蛋白和血清白蛋白的提高有显著性意义(P<0.005).结论:对糖尿病患者实施饮食与营养的护理干预是有效的,也是必要的%Objective:through to the diet of patients with diabetes and nutrition nursing intervention,to observe the intervention effect of.Methods:the study group of diabetic and non-diabetic group group two,and in the diabetic group,divide again before the intervention group and control group after intervention,research.Results:the diabetes patients of hemoglobin and serum albumin examination results than non-diabetic patients,there are significant differences between the two groups( P<0.005 ).In diabetic group of patients with the implementation of nutrition and diet nursing intervention,display intervention after intervention,diabetic patients with good glycemic control,hemoglobin and serum albumin increased significantly(P<0.005).Conclusion:for patients with diabetes mellitus diet and nutrition nursing intervention is effective,it is necessary to

  19. Meeting the Nutritional Needs of Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities: Role of the Nutritionist on the Early Intervention Team.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litchfield, Ruth; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Examines the way that feeding and nutrition concerns of children with disabilities are addressed under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act; includes two case studies of families who received nutritional services for their young children (ages one and two) with disabilities. The role of the nutritionist is considered. (Author/SW)

  20. A population-based lifestyle intervention to promote healthy weight and physical activity in people with cardiac disease: The PANACHE (Physical Activity, Nutrition And Cardiac HEalth study protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allman-Farinelli Margaret

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Maintaining a healthy weight and undertaking regular physical activity are important for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD. However, many people with CVD are overweight and insufficiently active. In addition, in Australia only 20-30% of people requiring cardiac rehabilitation (CR for CVD actually attend. To improve outcomes of and access to CR the efficacy, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of alternative approaches to CR need to be established. This research will determine the efficacy of a telephone-delivered lifestyle intervention, promoting healthy weight and physical activity, in people with CVD in urban and rural settings. The control group will also act as a replication study of a previously proven physical activity intervention, to establish whether those findings can be repeated in different urban and rural locations. The cost-effectiveness and acceptability of the intervention to CR staff and participants will also be determined. Methods/Design This study is a randomised controlled trial. People referred for CR at two urban and two rural Australian hospitals will be invited to participate. The intervention (healthy weight group will participate in four telephone delivered behavioural coaching and goal setting sessions over eight weeks. The coaching sessions will be on weight, nutrition and physical activity and will be supported by written materials, a pedometer and two follow-up booster telephone calls. The control (physical activity group will participate in a six week intervention previously shown to increase physical activity, consisting of two telephone delivered behavioural coaching and goal setting sessions on physical activity, supported by written materials, a pedometer and two booster phone calls. Data will be collected at baseline, eight weeks and eight months for the intervention group (baseline, six weeks and six months for the control group. The primary outcome is weight change

  1. Complementary school garden, nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene interventions to improve children’s nutrition and health status in Burkina Faso and Nepal: a study protocol

    OpenAIRE

    Erismann, Séverine; Shrestha, Akina; Diagbouga, Serge; Knoblauch, Astrid; Gerold, Jana; Herz, Ramona; Sharma, Subodh; Schindler, Christian; Odermatt, Peter; Drescher, Axel; Yang, Ray-yu; Utzinger, Jürg; Cissé, Guéladio

    2016-01-01

    Background Malnutrition and intestinal parasitic infections are common among children in Burkina Faso and Nepal. However, specific health-related data in school-aged children in these two countries are scarce. In the frame of a larger multi-stakeholder project entitled “Vegetables go to School: Improving Nutrition through Agricultural Diversification” (VgtS), a study has been designed with the objectives to: (i) describe schoolchildren’s health status in Burkina Faso and Nepal; and to (ii) pr...

  2. Evaluation on Intervention Effect of Nutrition Education Among Pupils in Jiujiang County%九江县小学生营养教育干预的效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘学文

    2013-01-01

    目的 分析不同营养干预途径对小学生营养知识、态度、行为的影响,以便为纠正学生不良饮食习惯提供科学依据.方法 以学校为单位采取整群随机抽样的方法,对九江市3所小学,随机分为学生干预组,家长干预组,学生、家长综合干预组,以印发宣传材料、举办专题讲座、营养知识学习班等方法进行教育干预,营养教育3个月后调查不同干预途径对学生营养知识、态度、行为的影响.结果 营养干预后,所有学生的营养知识、态度、行为均有不同程度提高,综合干预效果优于学生干预组及家长干预组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 家长的营养知识和态度对子女营养知识、态度、行为有明显影响,学校和家庭的密切配合是非常必要和可行的.%Objective To analyze the impact of different nutritional intervention avenues on pupils' nutrition knowledge, attitude and behaviors so as to provide a scientific basis for correcting the bad eating habits of pupils. Methods With random cluster sampling method, 3 primary schools in Jiujiang were selected and randomly divided into student - intervention group, parent- intervention group, and student - parent - comprehensive - intervention group. We conducted nutritional interventions through printed publicity materials, special lectures, nutritional knowledge training and other avenues. 3 months after the intervention, the influence of different interventions on pupils' nutrition knowledge, attitude and behaviors was surveyed. Results After the intervention, all pupils' nutrition knowledge, attitude and behaviors were improved in different degrees. The effect of student- parent - comprehensive - intervention was superior to those of student - intervention group and parent - intervention group, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.01). Conclusions Parental nutrition knowledge and attitudea have obvious influence on children

  3. 营养干预对有营养风险的肝硬化患者预后的影响%The effect of nutritional intervention on the prognosis in the liver cirrhosis patients with nutritional risk

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨银川; 陈占军; 郭会敏; 孔明; 周莉

    2014-01-01

    目的:评价个体化的营养干预对有营养风险肝硬化患者预后的影响。方法选择2013年1~7月北京佑安医院人工肝中心收治的78例有营养风险的住院肝硬化患者,随机分为干预组(40例)和对照组(38例),以实际体重占理想体重百分比、肱三头肌皮褶厚度(TSF)及上臂肌围(AMC)评价其营养状况,并对干预组进行个体化的营养干预。记录患者的体质指数(BMI)、握力、白蛋白、前白蛋白、淋巴细胞计数、入院时和出院时的肝功能Child-Pugh分级、并发症情况和出院转归。结果干预组出院时的白蛋白、前白蛋白水平升高值明显高于对照组,差异均有统计学意义[(3.3±2.1)g/L vs.(1.4±4.7)g/L,P =0.023;(39.4±20.7)mg/L vs.(-0.6±24.4)mg/L,P <0.0001]。干预组入院时Child-Pugh A、B、C分级依次为9例(22.5%)、18例(45.0%)、13例(32.5%),出院时依次为17例(42.5%)、15例(37.5%)、8例(20.0%),差异有统计学意义(P=0.001)。干预组的并发症发生率低于对照组(10.0% vs.31.6%, P=0.013),其病死率也低于对照组(2.5%vs.21.1%, P=0.018)。结论有营养风险的肝硬化患者临床预后较差,积极进行营养干预可改善其预后。%Objective To investigate the effection of individualized nutritional intervention on the prognosis in cir-rhosis patients with nutritional risk. Methods Seventy-eight patients who had nutritional risk with liver cirrhosis were en-rolled and randomly divided into intervention group (n=40) and control group (n=38). The ratio of actual body weight/ideal body weight, triceps skinfold (TSF), and mid arm muscle circumference (AMC) were used to evaluate the nutritional status. Individual nutritional intervention was given for intervention group. Body mass index(BMI), power of gripping, albumin and prealbumin level, lymphocyte count, Child-Pugh stage when admitted and discharged

  4. Nutritional behavior intervention in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus%2型糖尿病患者营养行为干预研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静; 胡雪飞; 张群慧; 赵蓉; 李泽月; 田静

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of nutrition behavior intervention on knowledge ,attitude,behavior and blood glu-cose,blood lipid and body mass index in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Methods Three hundred patients with diabetes were randomly divided into intervention group and control group with 150 cases in each group .For the intervention group ,1 year nutrition in-tervention system and half year follow-up system were adopted .The control group did not take intervention measures .Results In the intervention group ,the awareness rate of related knowledge ,standard treatment rate ( regular hospital treatment ) ,weight control and ex-ercise control were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05 ) .Body mass index ,fasting blood glucose ,postprandial blood glucose ,blood lipid and glycosylated hemoglobin were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.05 ) .Conclusion For patients with type 2 diabetes,nutrition behavior intervention can improve the health knowledge level of the patients and regulate the compliance of nutritional therapy ,and have a good control effect on postprandial blood glucose .%目的:探讨营养行为干预对住院2型糖尿病患者的知识、态度、行为以及对血糖、血脂、体质指数的影响。方法将300例糖尿病患者按随机数字表法分为干预组和对照组各150例。对干预组采取为期1年的营养行为干预体系和0.5年的追踪体系,对照组不采取干预措施,比较两组患者血糖控制情况及相关知识、行为。结果干预组糖尿病患者的相关知识知晓率、规范治疗率(正规医院就诊)、体重控制、运动量掌握较对照组明显提高(P <0.05),体重指数、空腹血糖、餐后血糖、血脂、糖化血红蛋白较对照组明显下降(P <0.05),差异有统计学意义。结论住院2型糖尿病患者开展营养行为干预可提高2型糖尿病患者健康知识水平和规范营养治

  5. Analysis of transtheoretical model of health behavioral changes in a nutrition intervention study--a continuous time Markov chain model with Bayesian approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Junsheng; Chan, Wenyaw; Tsai, Chu-Lin; Xiong, Momiao; Tilley, Barbara C

    2015-11-30

    Continuous time Markov chain (CTMC) models are often used to study the progression of chronic diseases in medical research but rarely applied to studies of the process of behavioral change. In studies of interventions to modify behaviors, a widely used psychosocial model is based on the transtheoretical model that often has more than three states (representing stages of change) and conceptually permits all possible instantaneous transitions. Very little attention is given to the study of the relationships between a CTMC model and associated covariates under the framework of transtheoretical model. We developed a Bayesian approach to evaluate the covariate effects on a CTMC model through a log-linear regression link. A simulation study of this approach showed that model parameters were accurately and precisely estimated. We analyzed an existing data set on stages of change in dietary intake from the Next Step Trial using the proposed method and the generalized multinomial logit model. We found that the generalized multinomial logit model was not suitable for these data because it ignores the unbalanced data structure and temporal correlation between successive measurements. Our analysis not only confirms that the nutrition intervention was effective but also provides information on how the intervention affected the transitions among the stages of change. We found that, compared with the control group, subjects in the intervention group, on average, spent substantively less time in the precontemplation stage and were more/less likely to move from an unhealthy/healthy state to a healthy/unhealthy state. PMID:26123093

  6. Inborn errors of metabolism identified via newborn screening: Ten-year incidence data and costs of nutritional interventions for research agenda planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Therrell, Bradford L; Lloyd-Puryear, Michele A; Camp, Kathryn M; Mann, Marie Y

    2014-01-01

    Inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) are genetic disorders in which specific enzyme defects interfere with the normal metabolism of exogenous (dietary) or endogenous protein, carbohydrate, or fat. In the U.S., many IEM are detected through state newborn screening (NBS) programs. To inform research on IEM and provide necessary resources for researchers, we are providing: tabulation of ten-year state NBS data for selected IEM detected through NBS; costs of medical foods used in the management of IEM; and an assessment of corporate policies regarding provision of nutritional interventions at no or reduced cost to individuals with IEM. The calculated IEM incidences are based on analyses of ten-year data (2001-2011) from the National Newborn Screening Information System (NNSIS). Costs to feed an average person with an IEM were approximated by determining costs to feed an individual with an IEM, minus the annual expenditure for food for an individual without an IEM. Both the incidence and costs of nutritional intervention data will be useful in future research concerning the impact of IEM disorders on families, individuals and society. PMID:25085281

  7. Inborn errors of metabolism identified via newborn screening: Ten-year incidence data and costs of nutritional interventions for research agenda planning✰

    Science.gov (United States)

    Therrell, Bradford L.; Lloyd-Puryear, Michele A.; Camp, Kathryn M.; Mann, Marie Y.

    2014-01-01

    Inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) are genetic disorders in which specific enzyme defects interfere with the normal metabolism of exogenous (dietary) or endogenous protein, carbohydrate, or fat. In the U.S., many IEM are detected through state newborn screening (NBS) programs. To inform research on IEM and provide necessary resources for researchers, we are providing: tabulation of ten-year state NBS data for selected IEM detected through NBS; costs of medical foods used in the management of IEM; and an assessment of corporate policies regarding provision of nutritional interventions at no or reduced cost to individuals with IEM. The calculated IEM incidences are based on analyses of ten-year data (2001–2011) from the National Newborn Screening Information System (NNSIS). Costs to feed an average person with an IEM were approximated by determining costs to feed an individual with an IEM, minus the annual expenditure for food for an individual without an IEM. Both the incidence and costs of nutritional intervention data will be useful in future research concerning the impact of IEM disorders on families, individuals and society. PMID:25085281

  8. Effects on mortality of a nutritional intervention for malnourished HIV-infected adults referred for antiretroviral therapy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Filteau, Suzanne; PrayGod, George; Kasonka, Lackson;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Malnourished HIV-infected African adults are at high risk of early mortality after starting antiretroviral therapy (ART). We hypothesized that short-course, high-dose vitamin and mineral supplementation in lipid nutritional supplements would decrease mortality. METHODS: The study...... was a lipid-based nutritional supplement either without (LNS) or with additional vitamins and minerals (LNS-VM), beginning prior to ART initiation; supplement amounts were 30 g/day (150 kcal) from recruitment until 2 weeks after starting ART and 250 g/day (1,400 kcal) from weeks 2 to 6 after starting ART...

  9. EFFECTS OF EARLY NUTRITION INTERVENTION ON IGF1, IGFBP3, INTESTINAL DEVELOPMENT, AND CATCH-UP GROWTH OF INTRAUTERINE GROWTH RETARDATION RATS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao-shan Qiu; Ting-ting Huang; Hui-ying Deng; Zhen-yu Shen; Zhi-yong Ke; Kai-yong Mei; Feng Lai

    2004-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of early nutritional intervention on the serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1),insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP3), intestinal development, and catch-up growth of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) rats by giving the IUGR new born rats different protein level diet.Methods IUGR rat model was built by starvation of pregnant female rats. Twenty-four IUGR pups and 8 normal pups were divided randomly into 4 groups: normal control group (C group); IUGR control group(S group), IUGR low-protein diet group (SL group), and IUGR high-protein diet group (SH group). Detected the serum IGF1, IGFBP3, body weight,body length, intestinal weight length, intestinal villi height (VH), crypt depth (CD), villi absorbing area (VSA), mucous thickness (MT), and disaccharidase at the 4th week.Results (1) The SH group showed the fastest catch-up growth, serum IGF1, IGFBP3, VH, and VSA were significantly higher than those of normal control group and IUGR control group. The intestinal weight and length, and the activities of lactase and saccharase of the SH group also reached the normal control group level. (2) The SL group kept on small size, the serum IGF1, IGFBP3, and most of intestinal histological indexes were all significantly lower than other groups. (3) IGF-1, IGFBP3 were positively correlated to intestinal VH, VSA, saccharase, body weight and length.Conclusions The serum IGF1 was a sensitive index to the catch-up growth. The early nutritional intervention of highprotein diet after birth is helpful for the catch-up growth of IUGR through promoting the intestinal development and the absorption of nutrition.

  10. Differences between men and women in dietary intakes and metabolic profile in response to a 12-week nutritional intervention promoting the Mediterranean diet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leblanc, Vicky; Hudon, Anne-Marie; Royer, Marie-Michelle; Corneau, Louise; Dodin, Sylvie; Bégin, Catherine; Lemieux, Simone

    2015-01-01

    Few studies have compared men and women in response to nutritional interventions but none has assessed differences between men and women in the response to a nutritional intervention programme based on the self-determination theory (SDT) and using the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) as a model of healthy eating, in a context of CVD prevention and within a non-Mediterranean population. The present study aimed to document differences between men and women in changes in dietary, anthropometric and metabolic variables, in response to a nutritional intervention programme promoting the adoption of the MedDiet and based on the SDT. A total of sixty-four men and fifty-nine premenopausal women presenting risk factors for CVD were recruited through different media advertisements in the Québec City Metropolitan area (Canada). The 12-week nutritional programme used a motivational interviewing approach and included individual and group sessions. A validated FFQ was administered to evaluate dietary intakes from which a Mediterranean score (Medscore) was derived. Both men and women significantly increased their Medscore in response to the intervention (P < 0·0001). Men showed a significantly greater decrease in red and processed meat (-0·4 (95 % CI -0·7, -0·1) portions per d) and a greater increase in fruit (0·9 (95 % CI 0·2, 1·6) portions per d) intakes than women. Significant decreases were observed for BMI and waist circumference in both men and women (P ≤ 0·04). Significant greater decreases were found for total cholesterol (total-C):HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) (-0·2; 95 % CI -0·4, -0·03) and TAG:HDL-C (-0·2; 95 % CI -0·4, -0·04) ratios in men than in women. When adjusting for the baseline value of the response variable, differences between men and women became non-significant for red and processed meat and fruit intakes whereas significant differences between men and women (i.e. larger increases in men than women) were observed for legumes, nuts and seeds (0·6

  11. Assessment of the effect of the nutritional intervention on the pupils in Chuansha area in Pudong New District%浦东新区川沙地区小学生营养干预效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈秀丽; 汤宇洋; 蔡凤珠; 张艳青; 康燕蓉

    2015-01-01

    目的:评价营养干预对小学生营养的影响效果。方法:2014年2-10月采取阶段整群随机抽样方法,在川沙地区2所小学三年级各随机抽取2个班级,分别作为干预组96人和对照组92人。干预组进行为期6个月的营养干预,对照组未采用任何干预措施。干预前后采用问卷调查对两组进行营养知识知晓率等评估。结果:干预组营养知识知晓率、营养态度和营养行为均较干预前和对照组明显提高(P<0.05)。结论:营养干预能提高小学生营养知识知晓率,改善饮食行为。%Objective: To assess the influence of the nutritional intervention on the pupils’ nutrition. Methods:In Chuansha area, two classes in third grade of two schools was selected with the multi-stage randomized cluster sampling method, and divided into an intervention group with 96 pupils, and a control group with 92 ones. The nutritional intervention was developed for the intervention group for six months, and any intervention was not carried out for the control group. A questionnaire survey was used to evaluate the nutritional knowledge in the two groups before and after the intervention. Results:The awareness rate of the nutritional knowledge, nutritional attitude and nutritional behavior were signiifcantly higher in the intervention group than those before the intervention and in the control group(P<0.05). Conclusion:The nutritional intervention can improve the awareness rate and the dietary behavior of the pupils.

  12. Nutrition Education Intervention Improves Vegetable-Related Attitude, Self-Efficacy, Preference, and Knowledge of Fourth-Grade Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wall, Denise E.; Least, Christine; Gromis, Judy; Lohse, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    Background: Impact of a classroom-based, standardized intervention to address limited vegetable consumption of fourth graders was assessed. Methods: A 4-lesson, vegetable-focused intervention, revised from extant materials was repurposed for Pennsylvania fourth graders with lessons aligned with state academic standards. A reliability-tested survey…

  13. Improving Nutrition through Multisectoral Approaches

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2013-01-01

    The objectives of the nutrition sensitive social protection are: 1) target activities to the most nutritionally vulnerable populations such as pregnant women and children less than 24 months; 2) include nutrition education and counseling activities within social protection interventions to increase household awareness of care giving and health seeking behaviors; 3) integrate nutrition serv...

  14. 老年食管癌化疗患者营养状况评价及饮食干预%Assessment of Nutritional Status and Dietary Intervention Strategies in Elderly Patients with Esophageal Cancer Treated by Chemotherapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍启德; 刘敏; 孙李凌; 周利霞; 张海鹏; 刘军清

    2015-01-01

    目的:利用微型营养评定表(MNA)对老年食管癌化疗患者营养状况进行评价,并进行早期营养干预,评价其临床效果。方法采用 MNA 问卷对90例老年食管癌化疗患者进行评价,根据评价结果将患者分为2组:营养良好组、营养风险组及营养不良组,并对后2组患者进行针对性营养干预,分别在干预后第2、4周进行营养评价。结果不同时间3组指标比较差异均有统计学意义(P <0.05)。营养干预后,营养风险组和营养不良组 MNA 评分较入院时明显提高(P <0.05)。结论采用 MNA 评估老年食管癌化疗患者的营养状况并采取针对性饮食干预可明显改善其营养状况。%Objective To explore and utilize the mini nutritional assessment(MNA)scale to screen the nutri-tional status of elderly patients with esophageal cancer treated by chemotherapy and implement the early nutritional intervention,to evaluate the clinical effectiveness. Methods MNA questionnaire was used to screen 90 elderly pa-tients with esophageal cancer treated by chemotherapy and the patients were divided into three groups:the good nu-trition group,the nutritional risk group and the malnutrition group according to the screening results. The patients in the nutritional risk group and the malnutrition group were given targeted nutritional intervention,nutritional status of the patients was evaluated respectively in 2 and 4 weeks after nutritional intervention. Results The differences in the indicators of the different admission time among the three groups were statistically significant(P < 0. 05);the MNA scores in the nutritional risk group and the malnutrition group were significantly increased in 2 and 4 weeks after intervention,compared with those on admission(P <0. 05). Conclusion MNA and targeted dietary intervention can significantly improve the nutritional status of elderly patients with esophageal cancer treated by chemotherapy.

  15. Medical nutrition therapy planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torović Ljilja

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Diet has vital, preventive and therapeutic functions. Medical nutrition therapy is a part of the Standardized Nutrition Care Process integrated in health care systems. Material and methods. An overview of the Nutrition Care Process model and the application of nutrition guidelines based on literature, reports, documents and programmes of international health, food and physical activity authorities was done. Results. The Nutrition Care Process model requires registered dieticians, standardized terminology as well as nutrition diagnosis categorization. It consists of four distinct, but interrelated and connected steps: (a nutrition assessment, (b nutrition diagnosis, (c nutrition intervention, and (d nutrition monitoring and evaluation. An individual approach is essential for successful medical nutrition therapy. Nutrition guidelines facilitate the process of understanding and application of medical nutrition therapy. Conclusion. The Nutrition Care process provides dietetic professionals information on high-quality client nutrition care. The success of medical nutrition therapy rests not only upon the advice of the dietician, but also upon the client’s compliance.

  16. Multidisciplinary and participatory workshops with stakeholders in a community of extreme poverty in the Peruvian Amazon: Development of priority concerns and potential health, nutrition and education interventions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gyorkos Theresa W

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Communities of extreme poverty suffer disproportionately from a wide range of adverse outcomes, but are often neglected or underserved by organized services and research attention. In order to target the first Millennium Development Goal of eradicating extreme poverty, thereby reducing health inequalities, participatory research in these communities is needed. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the priority problems and respective potential cost-effective interventions in Belen, a community of extreme poverty in the Peruvian Amazon, using a multidisciplinary and participatory focus. Methods Two multidisciplinary and participatory workshops were conducted with important stakeholders from government, non-government and community organizations, national institutes and academic institutions. In Workshop 1, participants prioritized the main health and health-related problems in the community of Belen. Problem trees were developed to show perceived causes and effects for the top six problems. In Workshop 2, following presentations describing data from recently completed field research in school and household populations of Belen, participants listed potential interventions for the priority problems, including associated barriers, enabling factors, costs and benefits. Results The top ten priority problems in Belen were identified as: 1 infant malnutrition; 2 adolescent pregnancy; 3 diarrhoea; 4 anaemia; 5 parasites; 6 lack of basic sanitation; 7 low level of education; 8 sexually transmitted diseases; 9 domestic violence; and 10 delayed school entry. Causes and effects for the top six problems, proposed interventions, and factors relating to the implementation of interventions were multidisciplinary in nature and included health, nutrition, education, social and environmental issues. Conclusion The two workshops provided valuable insight into the main health and health-related problems facing the community of

  17. The Effect of Community Nutrition Intervention on Pregnancy Iron Deficiency Anemia%对孕妇缺铁性贫血的社区营养干预病例对照研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋琪; 叶晓娟; 姚静; 刘毅

    2014-01-01

    目的:对孕妇缺铁性贫血进行社区营养干预,探索有效的孕期社区营养干预模式。方法对140名孕妇采用病例对照研究方法(实验组及对照组各70人),社区干预措施包括膳食调查与监测和健康教育处方,效果评估指标时间分别为孕周<12周、第20和30周,评估指标为铁摄入量、细胞血溶比和血清铁蛋白。结果实验组在干预后各项指标均优于对照组,差异有统计学意义。结论以膳食调查和健康教育处方为代表的社区营养干预对孕妇缺铁性贫血具有较好的效果。%Objectives Community nutrition intervention model for iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy were analyzed to explore effective pregnancy nutrition intervention model.Methods It was a case-control study with 140 patients (70 cases in intervention group and control group 70 cases).Community nutrition intervention model in-cluded nutritional surveillance and health education.Evaluation time were less than 12,20 and 30 gestational weeks. Evaluation indicators included iron intake,Hb,HCT,SF.Results The indicators of intervention group were better than those of control group,and the difference were statistically significant.Conclusions Community nutrition in-terventions for pregnancy with iron deficiency anemia may be a effective intervention model.

  18. Prevention and optimal management of sarcopenia: a review of combined exercise and nutrition interventions to improve muscle outcomes in older people

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denison HJ

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Hayley J Denison,1 Cyrus Cooper,1,2 Avan Aihie Sayer,1,2 Sian M Robinson1,2 1MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK; 2National Institute for Health Research Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University of Southampton and University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, UK Abstract: The growing recognition of sarcopenia, the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and function, has highlighted the need to understand more about its etiology. Declines in muscle mass and strength are expected aspects of aging, but there is significant variability between individuals in rates of loss. Although some of these differences can be explained by fixed factors, such as sex, much of the remaining variation is unexplained. This has led to increasing interest in the influence of adult lifestyle, particularly in the effects of modifiable factors such as physical activity and diet, and in identifying intervention opportunities both to prevent and manage sarcopenia. A number of trials have examined the separate effects of increased exercise or dietary supplementation on muscle mass and physical performance of older adults, but less is known about the extent to which benefits of exercise training could be enhanced when these interventions are combined. In a comprehensive review of the literature, we consider 17 studies of older adults (≥65 years in which combined nutrition and exercise interventions were used to increase muscle strength and/or mass, and achieve improvements in physical performance. The studies were diverse in terms of the participants included (nutritional status, degree of physical frailty, supplementation strategies (differences in nutrients, doses, exercise training (type, frequency, as well as design (duration, setting. The main message is that enhanced benefits of exercise training, when combined with dietary supplementation, have been shown in some

  19. The nutrition-based comprehensive intervention study on childhood obesity in China (NISCOC): a randomised cluster controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Xu Guifa; Ma Jun; Shang Xianwen; Xu Haiquan; Duan Yifan; Hao Linan; Fang Hongyun; Liu Ailing; Zhang Qian; Hu Xiaoqi; Li Yanping; Du Lin; Li Ying; Guo Hongwei; Li Tingyu

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Childhood obesity and its related metabolic and psychological abnormalities are becoming serious health problems in China. Effective, feasible and practical interventions should be developed in order to prevent the childhood obesity and its related early onset of clinical cardiovascular diseases. The objective of this paper is to describe the design of a multi-centred random controlled school-based clinical intervention for childhood obesity in China. The secondary objecti...

  20. Sarcopenic obesity and complex interventions with nutrition and exercise in community-dwelling older persons – a narrative review

    OpenAIRE

    Goisser S; Kemmler W; Porzel S; Volkert D; Sieber CC; Bollheimer LC; Freiberger E

    2015-01-01

    Sabine Goisser,1 Wolfgang Kemmler,2 Simone Porzel,3 Dorothee Volkert,1 Cornel Christian Sieber,1,4 Leo Cornelius Bollheimer,1,4 Ellen Freiberger1 1Institute for Biomedicine of Aging (IBA), Friedrich-Alexander-Universität (FAU) Erlangen-Nürnberg, Nuremberg, 2Institute of Medical Physics (IMP), Friedrich-Alexander-Universität (FAU) Erlangen-Nürnberg, 3Nutricia GmbH, Danone Medical Nutrition, Erlangen, 4Department of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, St John ...

  1. Nutritional intervention in oncohematological patient Intervención nutricional en el paciente oncohematológico

    OpenAIRE

    C. Gómez-Candela; M. A. Canales Albendea; S. Palma Milla; R. de Paz Arias; J. Díaz Gómez; D. Rodríguez-Durán; M. Villarino-Sanz; Arribas Hortigüela, L.; R Burgos Peláez

    2012-01-01

    Background: Oncohematological diseases such as lymphoma or leukaemia affect an increasing number of newly diagnosed patients in Spain and other countries. Both disease and treatment may have a negatively impact in the nutritional status of the patient. Malnutrition is not uncommon among oncohematological patients. This situation can compromised the course of the disease, the clinical response of the treatment and the patient's quality of life. Method: The implementation of a multidisciplinary...

  2. Space Nutrition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Scott M.

    2009-01-01

    Optimal nutrition will be critical for crew members who embark on space exploration missions. Nutritional assessment provides an opportunity to ensure that crewmembers begin their missions in optimal nutritional status, to document changes during a mission and, if necessary, to provide intervention to maintain that status throughout the mission, and to assesses changes after landing in order to facilitate the return to their normal status as soon as possible after landing. We report here the findings from our nutritional assessment of astronauts who participated in the International Space Station (ISS) missions, along with flight and ground-based research findings. We also present ongoing and planned nutrition research activities. These studies provide evidence that bone loss, compromised vitamin status, and oxidative damage are the critical nutritional concerns for space travelers. Other nutrient issues exist, including concerns about the stability of nutrients in the food system, which are exposed to longterm storage and radiation during flight. Defining nutrient requirements, and being able to provide and maintain those nutrients on exploration missions, will be critical for maintaining crew member health.

  3. Nutritional intervention and follow-up for patients with cystic fibrosis%囊性纤维化患者的营养干预与随诊

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李融融; 于康; 李春微

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate effect of standardized nutritional assessment, intervention, and monitoring on nutritional status of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF).Methods We recruited 6 consecutive patients with CF diagnosed from June 2005 to June 2015 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital, all given nutritional assessment and intervention.The clinical data and nutritional status of the patients were analyzed.Four cases were followed up, and their compliance and effect of nutritional intervention on their nutritional status were evaluated.Results The mean age of diagnosis of the patients was (19 ± 6) years.All the patients had recurrent onset of pulmonary infection and hypoxemia with varying degrees.The nutritional status was impaired in all the cases to different extent, with body mass index (BMI) of 3 patients under 20 years of age being lower than the third percentile of the standard growth curve for adolescents of the same age and sex.Mild microcytic hypochromic anemia existed in 2 cases, hypoalbuminemia in 2 cases (serum albumin < 35 g/L in absence of liver or renal dysfunction), and decreased prealbumin level in 4 patients.The serum concentrations of Na, Cl, K, and Ca were approximately normal in all the 6 cases.Vitamin D level was detected in only 2 cases, all revealing vitamin D deficiency.High energy and high protein diet was suggested to all the patients, plus prescription of oral nutritional supplements for 5 patients.Diagnostic pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT) was performed in 3 patients who were suspected with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (PI), together with fatsoluble vitamins supplementation including vitamin D3.Four CF patients were followed up for 11 to 39 months, of whom 1 was lost to follow-up after 11 months.During the follow-up period, 3 patients had progressive weight loss or growth retardation, and the other one patient failed to increase body weight.Dietary review of the 3 patients with available follow-up data revealed

  4. Nutrition Intervention on Cow's Milk Protein Allergy in Infants%牛奶蛋白过敏患儿的营养干预

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    车千红; 赵晴; 孙灿; 徐静

    2011-01-01

    Objective To analyze the basic status and clinical manifestations of infants with cow's milk protein allergy(CMPA) ,and explore the intervention effect and outcome after using the individual amino acid formula and extensively hydrolyzed protein. Methods One hundred and eighty infants with the diagnosis of CMPA were selected as intervention target during Feb. To Dec. 2009 who came to see a doctor in pediatric treatment of Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University. A retrospective analysis was carried out by the feeding history , basic status of these patients who visited nutrition clinic. Each patient received nutrition instruction of avoiding cow's milk and giving the formula as sequential therapy for 7 days, and was guided the choice of food supplement and adding. The feeding changes were recalled after 3 months and 6 months of nutritional intervention,respectively. Results The age of high incidence of infants with CMPA was 2-4 months after birth with the ratio 35.5% in all 180 patients. The ratio of breast feeding was 11.7% (21/180 cases) .while that of non - breast feeding was 88.3% (159/180 cases). Thirty - two patients(17. 8% ) had family history. Sex ratio of male : female was 1.65 : 1. The main clinical symptom was diarrhea(83.6% ) after 7 days. The main feeding formula after the 3d month was pure amino acid medicals(46.0% ) .extensively hydrolyzed formula (32. 7% ), partially hydrolyzed formula ( 15. 3% ). The main feeding after the 6th month was pure amino acid medicals (24. 9% ) .cow's formula milk(22.9% ). Conclusions Breast feeding is benefited to avoiding CMPA. The infant patients should not be fed with milk protein formula within 3 months of nutritional intervention, and some infants may become milk tolerance after 6 months of nutritional intervention. The outcome of feeding formula is different with each other. The individual nutrition intervention according to economic condition of each infant and disease changes is necessary

  5. Nutritional management of cystic fibrosis.

    OpenAIRE

    A MacDonald

    1996-01-01

    Nutritional support is an integral part of the management of cystic fibrosis patients. It is arguably best provided by a qualified dietitian and nutritional care sister working in conjunction with the rest of the cystic fibrosis team. The patient's nutritional needs should be assessed, regularly reviewed, and nutritional treatment tailored to meet the changing clinical and psychosocial needs of the patient. Nutritional intervention is not without complications, and in particular attention to ...

  6. The Effectiveness of a School-Based Nutrition Intervention on Children's Fruit, Vegetables, and Dairy Product Intake

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drapeau, Vicky; Savard, Mathieu; Gallant, Annette; Nadeau, Luc; Gagnon, Jocelyn

    2016-01-01

    Background: Most Canadian children do not meet daily recommendations for consumption of vegetables and fruits (V/F) and dairy products (DP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of Team Nutriathlon on V/F and DP consumption of children. Methods: Participants were 404 children from grades 5 and 6 (intervention group [IG] N = 242,…

  7. Obesity: a systematic review on parental involvement in long-term European childhood weight control interventions with a nutritional focus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kruk, J.J. van der; Kortekaas, F.; Lucas, C.; Jager-Wittenaar, H.

    2013-01-01

    n Europe, about 20% of children are overweight. Focus on parental responsibility is an effective method in weight control interventions in children. In this systematic review we describe the intensity of parental involvement and behaviour change aimed at parents in long-term European childhood weigh

  8. Cultivating nutrition

    OpenAIRE

    Levin, Carol E.; Long, Jennifer; Simler, Kenneth R.; Johnson-Welch, Charlotte

    2003-01-01

    "Over the past decade, donor-funded policies and programs designed to address undernutrition in the Global South have shifted away from agriculture-based strategies toward nutrient supplementation and food fortification programs. Given the potential benefits resulting from agriculture-based nutrition interventions, this study uses Q methodology to explore the views of a range of stakeholders from both developed and developing countries on the value of—and constraints related to—gender-sensiti...

  9. Nutritional Status and Intervention for Children with Cerebral Palsy%脑性瘫痪患儿营养状况与干预效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李梅蕊; 吴建敏; 张红红; 阎洁; 陈巧玉; 熊晨璐

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨脑瘫患儿的微量元素、营养状况与营养性疾病的关系及其干预措施。方法对49例脑瘫患儿及60名健康儿童(对照组)进行体格测量,微量元素、血红蛋白、骨密度等测定,并进行摄食行为调查。对对于需要营养干预的患儿,由营养师确定目标体重后给予肠内营养剂干预。结果脑瘫患儿的营养不良发生率为48.97%,其中26.53%为低体重;其血清铁、锌均低于对照组,缺铁性贫血发生率为34.67%,与对照组比较有显著性差异(P0.05)。44.9%存在摄食方面的问题。干预随访4个月后,约50%患儿营养不良得到改善,以体重改善较为明显;88.2%贫血患儿得到治愈;50%患儿的骨密度提高至正常范围。结论脑瘫患儿存在较高的营养不良及营养性疾病发生率,综合营养干预是脑瘫患儿康复治疗的重要组成部分。%Objective To investigate the condition of nutrition in child with cerebral palsy (CP) and the effect of nutritional intervention. Methods 49 CP children and other 60 health children (controls) were measured their bodies, hemoglobin, serum trace elements, and bone mineral density (with ultrasonic), and the feeding behavior was also investigated. Results The incidence of malnutrition was 48.97%, in which 26.53%for low weight. The levels of serum iron and zinc were poor in the CP children, and the incidence of iron deficiency anemia was 34.67%in the CP children, different from the controls (P0.05). Feeding problems were found in 44.9%of CP children. About 50%of malnutrition was cor-rected, especially the body weight after 4 months of Intervention, with anemia corrected in 88.2%, and bone mineral density recovered in 50%. Conclusion It is a problem for many CP children with malnutrition and nutritional disorders, and need nutrition intervention as the content of the rehabilitation.

  10. Healthy Foods, Healthy Families: combining incentives and exposure interventions at urban farmers’ markets to improve nutrition among recipients of US federal food assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowling, April B.; Moretti, Mikayla; Ringelheim, Kayla; Tran, Alvin; Davison, Kirsten

    2016-01-01

    Background: Healthy Foods, Healthy Families (HFHF) is a fruit and vegetable (F&V) exposure/incentive program implemented at farmers’ markets in low-income neighborhoods, targeting families receiving US federal food assistance. We examined program effects on participants’ diet and associations between attendance, demographics and dietary change. Methods: Exposure activities included F&V tastings and cooking demonstrations. Incentives included 40% F&V bonus for electronic benefit transfer (EBT) card users and $20 for use purchasing F&V at every third market visit. Self-report surveys measuring nutritional behaviors/literacy were administered to participants upon enrollment (n = 425, 46.2% Hispanic, 94.8%female). Participants were sampled for follow-up at markets during mid-season (n = 186) and at season end (n = 146). Attendance was tracked over 16 weeks. Results: Participants post-intervention reported significantly higher vegetable consumption(P = 0.005) and lower soda consumption (P = 0.005). Participants reporting largest F&V increases attended the market 6-8 times and received $40 in incentives. No change in food assistance spent on F&V (P = 0.94); 70% reported significant increases in family consumption of F&V,indicating subsidies increased overall F&V purchasing. Participants reported exposure activities and incentives similarly affected program attendance. Conclusion: Interventions combining exposure activities and modest financial incentives at farmers’ markets in low-income neighborhoods show strong potential to improve diet quality of families receiving federal food assistance. PMID:27123431

  11. The Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (INFANT) an early intervention to prevent childhood obesity: Cluster-randomised controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Campbell Karen; Hesketh Kylie; Crawford David; Salmon Jo; Ball Kylie; McCallum Zoë

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background Multiple factors combine to support a compelling case for interventions that target the development of obesity-promoting behaviours (poor diet, low physical activity and high sedentary behaviour) from their inception. These factors include the rapidly increasing prevalence of fatness throughout childhood, the instigation of obesity-promoting behaviours in infancy, and the tracking of these behaviours from childhood through to adolescence and adulthood. The Infant Feeding A...

  12. [Perioperatory artificial nutrition].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Luis, D A; Aller, R; Izaola, O

    2008-06-01

    Malnutrition increases post surgical morbimortality, hospital stance and economical costs. Possibilities of nutritional intervention in surgical patients are important. Early enteral nutrition is better than total parenteral nutrition in patients under surgery. Periroperaoty nutritional support must be administrated to patients with severe or middle undernutrition and will be under surgery, during 7-14 days before surgical intervention, if this intervention could be delayed. Total parenteral nutrition will be not used regularly in patients under mayor digestive surgical procedures. Inmunonutrition has been demonstrated useful in surgical patients. Evidence demonstrates that inmunotritional formulas decrease incidence of infections, hospital stance and time of ventilation in patients in UCI wards. New research areas have been explored in this topic area, carbohydrate utility in presurgical patients and probiotic in enteral formulas.

  13. 肾脏内科住院患者营养风险、营养不足及营养干预状况%Nutritional risks, prevalence of undernutrition, and nutritional interventions among inpatients in departments of nephrology in Guangzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭荣韶; 麦海妍; 闫凤; 曾彤梅; 何育勤; 方仕

    2010-01-01

    Objective To investigate the nutritional risks, prevalence of undernutrition, and nutritional interventions among inpatients in departments of nephrology in some hospitals in Guangzhou, with an attempt to provide evidences for the nutritional support of patients with kidney diseases. Methods Totally 378 adult patients in departments of nephrology in Guangzhou were enrolled in this study by fix-point consecutive sampling. Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002) was applied for nutritional risk assessment. Nutrition risk was defined by NRS score ≥3 and undernutrition by BMI < 18.5 kg/m2 or serum albumin < 30 g/L. Nutritional interventions were also evaluated in all patients. The relationship between nutritional risk and nutritional support was analyzed. Results The overall prevalence of undernutrition was 21.7% and the nutritional risk was 41.3%. They were especially high among patients with chronic kidney dysfunction (24. 3% and 60. 7% , respectively). The nutritional risk was 42. 3% in patients accompanied with diabetes (P>0. 05). Of these 378 patients, 102 (27.0%) received nutritional interventions, in which the nutritional support rate was 50. 0% (78/156) for patients with nutritional risks and 10. 8% (24/222) for those without nutritional risks. Conclusions The nutritional risks and prevalence of undernutrition are high among inpatients in the departments of nephrology in hospitals in Guangzhou. Proper application of nutritional interventions remains a concern. Evidence-based guidelines are required to improve this situation.%目的 调查广州市部分医院肾脏内科住院患者的营养风险、营养不足发生率以及营养干预状况,为指导肾脏病患者营养治疗提供依据.方法 采用营养风险筛查2002(NRS 2002)工具,对广州市部分医院378例肾脏内科住院患者进行营养风险筛查,以NRS 2002评分≥3分为有营养风险,体重指数(BMI)<18.5 kg/m2(或白蛋白<30 g/L)为营养不足,并调查营养干

  14. The Effects of an Intensive Behavior and Nutrition Intervention Compared to Standard of Care on Weight Outcomes in CF

    OpenAIRE

    Stark, Lori J.; Opipari-Arrigan, Lisa; Quittner, Alexandra L.; Bean, Judy; Powers, Scott W.

    2010-01-01

    Inadequate intake and suboptimal growth are common problems for patients with CF and a critical target for intervention. The purpose of this study was to compare the growth outcomes of children with CF who participated in a randomized clinical trial to improve energy intake and weight to children with CF receiving standard of care during the same time period. Our primary outcome was change in body mass index z-score (BMI z-score) over 2 years. An exploratory outcome was forced expiratory volu...

  15. Effectiveness of a website and mobile phone based physical activity and nutrition intervention for middle-aged males: Trial protocol and baseline findings of the ManUp Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duncan Mitch J

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Compared to females, males experience higher rates of chronic disease and mortality, yet few health promotion initiatives are specifically aimed at men. Therefore, the aim of the ManUp Study is to examine the effectiveness of an IT-based intervention to increase the physical activity and nutrition behaviour and literacy in middle-aged males (aged 35–54 years. Method/Design The study design was a two-arm randomised controlled trial, having an IT-based (applying website and mobile phones and a print-based intervention arm, to deliver intervention materials and to promote self-monitoring of physical activity and nutrition behaviours. Participants (n = 317 were randomised on a 2:1 ratio in favour of the IT-based intervention arm. Both intervention arms completed assessments at baseline, 3, and 9 months. All participants completed self-report assessments of physical activity, sitting time, nutrition behaviours, physical activity and nutrition literacy, perceived health status and socio-demographic characteristics. A randomly selected sub-sample in the IT-based (n = 61 and print-based (n = 30 intervention arms completed objective measures of height, weight, waist circumference, and physical activity as measured by accelerometer (Actigraph GT3X. The average age of participants in the IT-based and print-based intervention arm was 44.2 and 43.8 years respectively. The majority of participants were employed in professional occupations (IT-based 57.6%, Print-based 54.2% and were overweight or obese (IT-based 90.8%, Print-based 87.3%. At baseline a lower proportion of participants in the IT-based (70.2% group agreed that 30 minutes of physical activity each day is enough to improve health compared to the print-based (82.3% group (p = .026. The IT-based group consumed a significantly lower number of serves of red meat in the previous week, compared to the print-based group (p = .017. No other significant

  16. Intervention effects on nutrition knowledge attitude behavior among employees of an enterprise in Pudong New Area of Shanghai City%上海市浦东新区某企业员工营养知信行的干预效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈隽; 郑晶泉; 顾梅蓉; 沈丽娜

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective ] To understand the intervention effects on nutrition knowledge, attitude and behavior ( KAP) among employees of a shipbuilding enterprise in Pudong New Area of Shanghai City, and provide evidence for nutritional intervention on employees. [Methods]Totally 843 employees from 2 working groups eating in different canteens were selected and divided into intervention group and control group randomly. Nutrition interventions were conducted on intervention group. After 6 month, intervention effects were evaluated by nutrition surveys. [ Results] After nutrition intervention, nutritional KAP of intervention group was significantly improved and was significantly better than control group on most indicators. [ Conclusion] Nutrition intervention can improve employees ' nutrition knowledge, reinforce their positive attitudes and optimize nutrition practice.%目的 了解对浦东新区某造船企业员工营养知识、态度、行为干预效果,为对企业员工进一步开展营养干预提供依据.方法 根据进餐食堂不同,抽取2个工作组共843人,随机分为干预组和对照组,对干预组开展为期6个月的营养干预,通过干预前后营养问卷调查对干预效果进行评价.结果 营养干预后,干预组营养知识、态度、行为较干预前及与对照组的比较,多数指标改善,且差异有统计学意义.结论 通过营养干预的开展,提高了企业员工营养知识水平,强化了积极的营养态度,改善了营养行为.

  17. The influence of nutritional intervention on the MS patient's metabolism%营养干预对代谢综合征患者脂代谢影响的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐晓峰; 吴升; 吴敏魁; 许秀娟

    2011-01-01

    Objective To research the influence of nutritional intervention on the MS patient's body weight index and the blood fats. Methods 300 patients with MS were divided into the nutrition intervention group and the control group by using the pair design. The patients in nutrition intervention group were carried nutrition intervention for 4 weeks according to the hypoglycemia load food selection principle. The patients in control group were carried a healthy education about diet and exercise. Compared the change of BMI, total cholesterol( TC ),triglyceride( TG ), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol( HDL-C )and low density lipoproteincholesterol( LDL-C ). Results BMI and TG were decreased before and after nutrition intervention. The significant difference was observed between the two groups ( P < 0.01 ). There were significances in statistics. No significant difference was observed in TC,HDL-C and LDL-C between groups. Conclusion The results were suggested that nutrition interventions can assist in reducing BMI and the blood fats of MS patients.%目的 研究营养干预对代谢综合征(MS)患者脂代谢的影响作用.方法 将确诊的300例MS患者采用配对设计的方法分为干预组和对照组.干预组:由医师开出营养处方,营养师通过互动平台,依据低血糖负载食物选择原则,进行标准化营养干预4周;对照组:由医师进行1次以饮食和运动指导为主的健康教育.4周后,比较两组血清胆固醇(TC)、三酰甘油(TG)、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDL-C)和低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(LDL-C)等生化指标及BMI的变化.结果干预组试验后较干预前BMI、TG明显下降(P0.05).结论 依据低血糖负载食物选择原则的营养干预有助于MS患者的体质量控制和脂代谢紊乱的改善.

  18. Observation on the Efficacy of Non-drug Nutritional Intervention-NUGGET Nutrition Bars%非药物营养干预——诺伽特营养棒的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臧贵明; 王洪瑛; 周岩岩; 王杰; 郭静; 陈红

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the efficacy of non-drugnutritional intervention-NUGGET nutrition bars for weight control. Methods 150 people who underwent a medical examination in the medical center were chosen,then randomly divided into three groups:observation group( NUGGET-nutrition bars ),positive group ( only diet control) and control group ( no-intervention ). After two months, the weight, waist line, BMI and lipid content were observed. Results The body weight of the observation group was reduced ( 7.4 ±0. 3 ) kg, compared with positive group ( 3.3 ±0.2 ) kg and the control group( 0.4 ± 0.09 ) kg,the difference was statistically significant( P < 0. 05 ). The waistline of observation group dropped to ( 89. 5 ±9.6 ) cm after the trial , there was a significant difference( P < 0. 01 ) from before the trial( 93. 2 ±10.9 ) cm. The BM1 of observation group dropped to( 23. 3 ±4.5 ) kg/m2 after trial, there was a significant difference from before the trial ( 28.3 ±3.2 ) kg/m2( P <0.01 ),and the fat content of observation group dropped to ( 25. 5 ±4. 8 )% after trial,there was a significant difference from before the trial( 30. 3 ±5. 6 )%( P <0. 01 ). The triacyl triglycer-ides and low-density lipoprotein decreased( P < 0. 01 ) than before, and high-density lipoprotein increased( P <0. 01 ). Conclusion Non-drug nutritional intervention-NUGGET nutrition bar has significant effect of control weight,which is worth promoting.%目的 研究非药物营养干预--诺伽特营养棒对控制体质量的疗效.方法 将150例根据标准判定为超重的体检人员随机分为三组,各50例,观察组采用非药物营养干预,使用诺伽特营养棒,阳性组进行单纯饮食控制,对照组不干预.2个月后观察三组的体质量、腰围、体质量指数(BMI)、脂肪含量和脂蛋白含量的变化.结果 观察组平均减轻体质量(7.4±0.3)kg,与阳性组和对照组的(3.3±0.2)kg、(0.4±0.09)kg比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);试

  19. Alpha-linolenic acid given as enteral or parenteral nutritional intervention against sensorimotor and cognitive deficits in a mouse model of ischemic stroke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourourou, Miled; Heurteaux, Catherine; Blondeau, Nicolas

    2016-09-01

    Stroke is a leading cause of disability and death worldwide. Numerous therapeutics applied acutely after stroke have failed to improve long-term clinical outcomes. An emerging direction is nutritional intervention with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids acting as disease-modifying factors and targeting post-stroke disabilities. Our previous studies demonstrated that the omega-3 precursor, alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) administrated by injections or dietary supplementation reduces stroke damage by direct neuroprotection, and triggering brain artery vasodilatation and neuroplasticity. Successful translation of putative therapies will depend on demonstration of robust efficacy on common deficits resulting from stroke like loss of motor control and memory/learning. This study evaluated the value of ALA as adjunctive therapy for stroke recovery by comparing whether oral or intravenous supplementation of ALA best support recovery from ischemia. Motor and cognitive deficits were assessed using rotarod, pole and Morris water maze tests. ALA supplementation in diet was better than intravenous treatment in improving motor coordination, but this improvement was not due to a neuroprotective effect since infarct size was not reduced. Both types of ALA supplementation improved spatial learning and memory after stroke. This cognitive improvement correlated with higher survival of hippocampal neurons. These results support clinical investigation establishing therapeutic plans using ALA supplementation. PMID:27133376

  20. Nutrition Interventions for Prevention and Management of Childhood Obesity: What Do Parents Want from an eHealth Program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burrows, Tracy; Hutchesson, Melinda; Chai, Li Kheng; Rollo, Megan; Skinner, Geoff; Collins, Clare

    2015-12-01

    With the growth of Internet technologies, offering interventions for child and family weight management in an online format may address barriers to accessing services. This study aimed to investigate (i) whether an eHealth family healthy lifestyle program would be of interest to parents; and (ii) preferences and/or expectations for program components and features. Parents of children aged four to18 years were recruited through social media and completed an online survey (54 items) including closed and open-ended questions. Responses were collated using descriptive statistics and thematic analysis. Seventy-five participants were included (92% mothers, mean age 39.1 ± 8.6 years, mean BMI 27.6 ± 6.3 kg/m²). The index child had a mean age of 11 ± 6.2 years with 24% overweight/obese. The majority of parents (90.3%) reported interest in an online program, with preference expressed for a non-structured program to allow flexibility users to log-on and off as desired. Parents wanted a program that was easy to use, practical, engaging, endorsed by a reputable source, and able to provide individual tailoring and for their children to be directly involved. The current study supports the need for online delivery of a healthy lifestyle program that targets greater parental concerns of diet rather than child weight. PMID:26694456

  1. Nutrition Interventions for Prevention and Management of Childhood Obesity: What Do Parents Want from an eHealth Program?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tracy Burrows

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available With the growth of Internet technologies, offering interventions for child and family weight management in an online format may address barriers to accessing services. This study aimed to investigate (i whether an eHealth family healthy lifestyle program would be of interest to parents; and (ii preferences and/or expectations for program components and features. Parents of children aged four to18 years were recruited through social media and completed an online survey (54 items including closed and open-ended questions. Responses were collated using descriptive statistics and thematic analysis. Seventy-five participants were included (92% mothers, mean age 39.1 ± 8.6 years, mean BMI 27.6 ± 6.3 kg/m2. The index child had a mean age of 11 ± 6.2 years with 24% overweight/obese. The majority of parents (90.3% reported interest in an online program, with preference expressed for a non-structured program to allow flexibility users to log-on and off as desired. Parents wanted a program that was easy to use, practical, engaging, endorsed by a reputable source, and able to provide individual tailoring and for their children to be directly involved. The current study supports the need for online delivery of a healthy lifestyle program that targets greater parental concerns of diet rather than child weight.

  2. Nutrition Reconciliation and Nutrition Prophylaxis: Toward Total Health

    OpenAIRE

    Tuso, Phillip; Beattie, Sam

    2015-01-01

    Malnutrition by definition may be an abnormality in either under- or overnutrition. Nutrition reconciliation means that all patients have their nutritional status reconciled on admission to and discharge from the hospital. Nutrition reconciliation is defined as the process of maximizing health by helping align an individual’s current diet to the diet prescribed for him or her by the health care team. Nutrition prophylaxis is a proactive intervention to prevent a medical complication.

  3. Nutrition and pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tick, Heather

    2015-05-01

    Research is providing compelling evidence for Hippocrates' oft quoted "Let food be thy medicine." Despite this, most graduating physicians receive only a few hours of instruction about nutrition and coaching to help patients change their eating habits. Appropriate nutritional interventions may be one of the most useful tools doctors have to improve overall health outcomes in their patients and specifically reduce inflammation. Whether doctors choose to do this themselves or collaborate with other professionals trained in nutritional coaching, the benefits of attending to nutritional status can enhance outcomes of other therapies. PMID:25952067

  4. Capacity-building and Participatory Research Development of a Community-based Nutrition and Exercise Lifestyle Intervention Program (NELIP) for Pregnant and Postpartum Aboriginal Women:Information Gathered from Talking Circles.

    OpenAIRE

    Katie Big-Canoe; Lindsay Doxtator; Maggie M. Sopper; Mottola, Michelle F.; Harry Prapavessis

    2011-01-01

    Objectives were to gather information from Talking Circles of Aboriginal women who participated in a maternal Nutrition and Exercise Lifestyle Intervention Program (NELIP) to identify strategies to bring NELIP into the community. Twelve First Nations women participated. Several main themes were identified regarding health: balance, knowledge/education and time management. Benefits of the NELIP were improvement in health, stamina, stress, and a healthy baby, no gestational diabetes and a succe...

  5. Improving childhood nutrition and wellness in South Africa: involving mothers/caregivers of malnourished or HIV positive children and health care workers as co-designers to enhance a local quality improvement intervention

    OpenAIRE

    van Deventer, Claire; Robert, Glenn Brian; Wright, Anne

    2016-01-01

    Background: A significant proportion of children admitted to a hospital in a South African sub-district in 2010 were severely malnourished and - when concurrently HIV positive - were not correctly initiated on antiretroviral therapy.Audit data over a subsequent four year period revealed that 60 % of malnourished children admitted to the hospital were HIV positive. To supplement an ongoing local quality improvement (QI) intervention addressing poor nutritional outcomes in children in this sett...

  6. 孕妇孕期营养及体重干预对分娩结局的影响%Effect of Maternal Nutrition on Birth Weight Intervention During Pregnancy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽娥

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the influence of maternal nutrition during pregnancy and birth weight intervention on outcome. Methods 12 weeks singleton pregnancy 268 cases for the study were conventional prenatal education and pregnancy nutrition guidance, weight control interventions.Results The intervention group of pregnant women at 28, 36 weeks of pregnancy and before delivery BMI lower than the reference group, the intervention group of pregnant women giving birth asphyxia, great children, the incidence of low birth weight children is lower than the reference group, the intervention group, birth weight and Apgar score better than the reference group.Conclusion By professional nutritional guidance during pregnancy and maternal weight control, which has optimization birth outcomes.%目的:探讨孕妇孕期营养及体重干预对分娩结局的影响。方法选择12周左右单胎妊娠孕妇268例作为研究对象,分别采用常规孕期教育和孕期营养指导、体重控制干预。结果干预组孕妇在孕28、36周及分娩前BMI低于参照组;干预组孕妇分娩新生儿窒息、巨大儿、低出生体重儿发生率低于参照组,干预组新生儿体重及Apgar评分优于参照组。结论通过对孕妇孕期进行专业营养指导及控制孕妇体重,优化分娩结局。

  7. Nutritional Epigenetics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Preston Mercer

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Questions concerning the fundamental effects of nutrition on gene function are now being elucidated as the human genome project has been completed. Nutritional genomics seeks to expand the use of foods to achieve human genetic potential, while reducing the risk of diseases. As issues such as nutrigenomics (dietary influence on gene function and nutrigenetics (genomic reaction to diet are unraveled, thepotential for personalized nutrition becomes attainable. It has been stated that “genomics is to the 21st century what infectious disease was to the 20th century”. The nucleotide sequence of DNA was once seen as the only mechanism by which genetic information could be transmitted between generations. Phenotypic variation resulted from recombination and, occasionally, genetic mutation. This widely accepted concept is now undergoing modification as evidence builds to support the idea that reversible, heritable changes in gene function - termed “epigenetics”- can occur without a change in the sequence of nuclear DNA (i.e., non-Mendelian inheritance. The word epigenetics is of Greek origin and literallymeans over and above (epi the genome. The terminology“same genome, different epigenome” has been demonstrated in several experiments. As research and understanding advances, dietary advice based on the human genome will become more prevalent and new pharmacological interventions may be developed.

  8. Impact of dietary intervention in nutritional conditions of lymphoma patients undergoing chemotherapy%饮食干预对淋巴瘤化疗患者营养状态的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏春芳

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨饮食干预对淋巴瘤化疗患者营养状态的影响.方法 将80例淋巴瘤患者随机分为干预组和对照组,每组各40例,对照组患者给予常规饮食护理,干预组在常规护理基础上实施饮食干预(包括饮食宣教和食谱制订).比较化疗前及化疗后第1周期与第2周期两组患者营养状况及血清白蛋白和总淋巴细胞计数情况.结果 化疗后第1周期与第2周期干预组患者营养状况及血清白蛋白明显优于对照组,两组比较,差异具有统计学意义(均P<0.05),但总淋巴细胞计数情况无明显变化,两组比较,差异无统计学意义(均P> 0.05).结论 对淋巴瘤患者化疗期间实施饮食干预,可有效改善患者的营养状态,值得临床推广应用.%Objective To explore the impact of dietary intervention in nutritional condition for lymphoma patients undergoing chemotherapy. Methods 80 lymphoma patients were randomly divided into the intervention group (n = 40) and the control group (n = 40). The patients in the intervention group were given dietary intervention on the base of traditional nursing, which included dietary teaching and recipe making. The patients in the control group were only given traditional nursing. Nutritional conditions of the patients was evaluated before chemotherapy, the first week and the second week after chemotherapy, including upper arm and calf circumferences, weight, height, lymphocyte counting and albumin. Result The nutritional condition was better in the intervention group than that in the control group in the 1st and 2nd week after chemotherapy (P < 0.05). Conclusion Dietary intervention can effectively improve the nutritional conditions and life quality in the lymphoma patients undergoing chemotherapy.

  9. Development of the Oxford Hills Healthy Moms Project using a social marketing process: a community-based physical activity and nutrition intervention for low-socioeconomic-status mothers in a rural area in Maine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dharod, Jigna M; Drewette-Card, Rebecca; Crawford, David

    2011-03-01

    A physical activity and nutrition community intervention called the Oxford Hills Healthy Moms (OHHM) Project was developed using a multifaceted social marketing process, including review of state surveillance results, key informant interviews, and a survey and focus group discussions with low-socioeconomic-status (low-SES) mothers. This formative work was used to make key decisions on the selection of the intervention region, segmentation of the audience, and design of intervention strategies addressing multiple levels of the socioecological model. The OHHM Project aims to increase fruit and vegetable consumption and physical activity levels among low-SES mothers in the Oxford Hills region of Maine. The OHHM Project includes five components: (a) physical activity buddy program, (b) cooking club with education, (c) fruit and vegetable discount buying club with education, (d) increased access to produce vendors, and (e) increased access to places for physical activity. PMID:20660151

  10. Nutrition for Sarcopenia

    OpenAIRE

    Yanai, Hidekatsu

    2015-01-01

    Aging-related sarcopenia means that muscle mass, strength, and physical performance tend to decline with age, and malnutrition is associated with sarcopenia. Therefore, nutritional interventions may make an important contribution to prevent the development of sarcopenia. Here I reviewed published articles about the effects of nutritional factors on sarcopenia in elderly people. A growing body of evidence suggests that metabolic factors associated with obesity and diabetes induce the progressi...

  11. Diabetes, Nutrition, and Exercise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdelhafiz, Ahmed H; Sinclair, Alan J

    2015-08-01

    Aging is associated with body composition changes that lead to glucose intolerance and increased risk of diabetes. The incidence of diabetes increases with aging, and the prevalence has increased because of the increased life expectancy of the population. Lifestyle modifications through nutrition and exercise in combination with medications are the main components of diabetes management. The potential benefits of nutrition and exercise intervention in older people with diabetes are enormous. Nutrition and exercise training are feasible even in frail older people living in care homes and should take into consideration individual circumstances, cultural factors, and ethnic preferences.

  12. Intestinal Toxicity of Ochratoxin A and Its Nutritional Intervention%赭曲霉毒素A的肠毒性及其营养干预

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范斌; 余冰; 王乐成; 田刚

    2014-01-01

    赭曲霉毒素A( ochratoxin A,OTA)是一类主要由曲霉属和青霉属等产毒真菌产生的真菌毒素,广泛存在于各种粮食作物及其副产品中,是食品和饲料原料的重要污染物,其广泛的毒理病理学效应对动物生产和人类健康构成了极大的潜在危害,已引起了人们的高度关注。肠道既是OTA等外源有毒有害物质的主要吸收部位,又是阻挡其进入体循环的第1道物理屏障,同时还可能是其发挥毒性效应的靶器官。因此,本文就OTA的肠毒性及其作用机制、营养对OTA肠毒性的缓解效应做简要综述,以期为缓解OTA的肠毒性提供理论基础和实践依据。%Ochratoxin A ( OTA) is a mycotoxins produced by toxigenic fungi, especially some species of As-pergillus and Penicillium.OTA widely exists in food crops and their by-products, which is known as an impor-tant contaminant of food and feed materials.Toxicological pathology studies showed that OTA had a great po-tential threat to animal reproduction and human health, which had resulted in the public attention highly.The intestine not only is the main absorption site of the toxic exogenous, such as OTA, but also is an organ where the exogenous toxins are blocked into the systemic circulation as the first physical barrier, meanwhile, the in-testine may be the target organ suffered from the toxicity hazard.This article focused on the intestinal toxicity of OTA and its mechanisms, as well as its nutritional intervention, in order to provide theoretical foundation and practice basis for relieving intestinal toxicity of OTA.

  13. 综合营养干预对消化道肿瘤化疗病人营养状况及生存质量的影响1)%Influence of comprehensive nutrition intervention on qual ity of l ife and nutritional status of patients with gastrointestinal tumor receiving chemotherapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骆海燕; 姚红梅; 郑亚华; 李美珍; 马腹婵; 吴珊珊

    2014-01-01

    Objective:Toprobeintotheinfluenceofcomprehensivenutri-tion intervention on quality of life and nutritional status of patients with gastrointestinal tumor receiving chemotherapy at different time points,so as to provide a practical basis for clinical care workers to improve the pa-tients′nutritional status and their quality of life.Methods:The convenience sampling method was used to select 84 cases of patients who met the inclu-sion criteria,and they were randomly divided into control group and experi-mental group by using random number method,42 cases in each;patients in control group implemented nursing routine of tumor chemotherapy,pa-tients in experimental group received comprehensive nutrition interventions on this basis.The nutritional status and their quality of life were surveyed by using SGA and EORTC QLQ C30(version3.0)at chemotherapy differ-ent time points (before chemotherapy,during and after chemotherapy), then to analyze the effect of comprehensive nutrition interventions.Re-sults:During chemotherapy,the nutritional status and quality of life in in-tervention group were significantly better than that in control group,and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05 ).After repetitive measurement and analysis of variance,the difference was statistically sig-nificant between different times and groups (P<0.05 ).Conclusion:The comprehensive nutrition interventions on the basis of chemotherapy routine care can improve the nutritional status and quality of life of patients with gastrointestinal tumor chemotherapy.%[目的]探讨综合营养干预对消化道肿瘤病人化疗不同时间点的营养状况和生存质量的影响,为临床护理改善其营养状况、提高其生存质量提供实践依据。[方法]采用便利抽样法选取符合入选标准病人84例,用随机数字法分为对照组和干预组,每组42例,对照组实施肿瘤化疗护理常规,干预组在此基础上实施综合营养干预措施。分别在化

  14. Eating As Treatment (EAT) study protocol: a stepped-wedge, randomised controlled trial of a health behaviour change intervention provided by dietitians to improve nutrition in patients with head and neck cancer undergoing radiotherapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britton, Ben; McCarter, Kristen; Baker, Amanda; Wolfenden, Luke; Wratten, Chris; Bauer, Judith; Beck, Alison; McElduff, Patrick; Halpin, Sean; Carter, Gregory

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Maintaining adequate nutrition for Head and Neck Cancer (HNC) patients is challenging due to both the malignancy and the rigours of radiation treatment. As yet, health behaviour interventions designed to maintain or improve nutrition in patients with HNC have not been evaluated. The proposed trial builds on promising pilot data, and evaluates the effectiveness of a dietitian-delivered health behaviour intervention to reduce malnutrition in patients with HNC undergoing radiotherapy: Eating As Treatment (EAT). Methods and analysis A stepped-wedge cluster randomised design will be used. All recruitment hospitals begin in the control condition providing treatment as usual. In a randomly generated order, oncology staff at each hospital will receive 2 days of training in EAT before switching to the intervention condition. Training will be supplemented by ongoing supervision, coaching and a 2-month booster training provided by the research team. EAT is based on established behaviour change counselling methods, including motivational interviewing, cognitive–behavioural therapy, and incorporates clinical practice change theory. It is designed to improve motivation to eat despite a range of barriers (pain, mucositis, nausea, reduced or no saliva, taste changes and appetite loss), and to provide patients with practical behaviour change strategies. EAT will be delivered by dietitians during their usual consultations. 400 patients with HNC (nasopharynx, hypopharynx, oropharynx, oral cavity or larynx), aged 18+, undergoing radiotherapy (>60 Gy) with curative intent, will be recruited from radiotherapy departments at 5 Australian sites. Assessments will be conducted at 4 time points (first and final week of radiotherapy, 4 and 12 weeks postradiotherapy). The primary outcome will be a nutritional status assessment. Ethics and dissemination Ethics approval from all relevant bodies has been granted. Study findings will be disseminated widely through peer

  15. 妊娠期糖尿病妊娠采用营养干预结局影响的回顾性分析%Retrospective analysis of gestational diabetes mellitus pregnant with nutritional intervention outcome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李淑娴

    2014-01-01

    Objective Retrospective analysis of gestational diabetes mellitus pregnant with nutritional intervention outcome. Methods 92 cases of gestational diabetes mellitus were selected in our hospital,Divided them into two groups,the control group received no nutritional intervention,the observation group were treated by nutritional intervention,Pregnancy outcome of two groups were compared. Results The control group of patients with fetal distress,premature birth and other complications were significantly higher than the observation group,the observation group of newborn and fetal adverse disease incidence decreased significantly,had a statistically significant difference(P<0.05). Conclusion For gestational diabetes mellitus by nutritional intervention,can effectively reduce the complications,improve the quality of life in patients with pregnancy and efficiency,it is worthy of application and promotion.%目的:回顾性分析妊娠期糖尿病妊娠采用营养干预结局影响。方法抽选我院收治的92例妊娠期糖尿病患者,将其均分为两组,对照组未接受营养干预,观察组患者采用营养干预,比较两组患者的妊娠结局。结果对照组患者的胎儿窘迫、早产等并发症发生情况明显高于观察组,观察组新生儿以及胎儿不良疾病发生情况明显下降,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论给予妊娠期糖尿病采用营养干预,可有效减少并发症出现,提高患者生命质量以及妊娠效率,值得应用推广。

  16. Effect of Nutrition Intervention on Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Fetus%孕期营养干预对妊娠期糖尿病及其胎儿的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张薇

    2016-01-01

    目的:探究孕期营养干预对妊娠期糖尿病及其胎儿的影响。方法选取2014年1月-2015年7月间在该院产检的妊娠期糖尿病孕妇78例为研究对象,将接受营养干预的40例记作观察组,将未接受营养干预的38例记作对照组,对比两组孕妇妊娠结局及胎儿情况。结果妊娠影响情况:观察组血糖正常、注射胰岛素、剖宫产、不良妊娠结局、妊娠期高血压、羊水过多等比例均较对照组优良(P<0.05);胎儿影响情况:观察组分娩胎儿体重≧4000 g、低糖血症、呼吸窘迫综合征等比例均较对照组优良(P<0.05)。结论孕期营养干预能够有效控制妊娠期糖尿病,降低巨大儿出生比例。%Objective To explore the effect of nutrition intervention on gestational diabetes mellitus and its fetus. Methods from January 2015 2014 to July in our hospital for check of pregnancy (gestational diabetes mellitus pregnant women in 78 cases as the research object, and will accept nutrition intervention in 40 patients remember as the observation group, will not accept nutrition intervention of 38 cases as control group, compared two groups of pregnant women pregnancy and neonatal outcomes situation. Results pregnancy effects: To observe the proportion of normal pregnant women group, blood glucose, insulin injection, cesarean section, adverse pregnancy outcome, pregnancy period hypertension, polyhydramnios etc. were lower than those in the control group (P< 0.05);fetal: To observe the group intrapartum fetal weight is more than or e-qual to 4000g, low glycemic disorders, respiratory distress syndrome ratio were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion nutritional intervention can effectively control the gestational diabetes and reduce the birth rate.

  17. Nursing Intervention of Nutritional Therapy in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus%糖尿病患者的营养治疗的护理干预

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱雪琴

    2014-01-01

    This article on diabetic nutritional therapy, designed to appeal to know diabetes, understand the harm of diabetes, positive and ef ective treatment of diabetes, reduce the complications and reduce mortality. But in al kinds of treatment, nutritional therapy is the most basic, also is one of the most important means of learning nutrition therapy needs is quite important, significance, principles, avoid the pitfal s of nutritional therapy, do daily timing, quantitative diet, rational nutrition distribution, scientific application of nutrition therapy, has important significance to control the disease. Nurses need to be a comprehensive understanding of diabetes patients for scientific and reasonable nutrition therapy, improve the patient's quality of life.%本文对糖尿病的营养治疗做探讨,旨在呼吁认识糖尿病,了解糖尿病的危害,积极有效的治疗糖尿病,减少并发症,降低死亡率。但在各种治疗措施中,营养治疗是最基本的、也是最重要的手段之一,学习营养治疗的需求、意义、原则相当重要,避免营养治疗的误区,做到每日坚持定时、定量的饮食,合理营养分配,科学的应用营养治疗、控制本病有重要意义。护士必须全面了解糖尿病,才能对患者进行科学合理的营养治疗,提高患者的生活质量。

  18. The Effect of Nutrition intervention on Blood Lipids in Pregnancy and Pregnancy Outcomes%营养干预对孕期血脂及妊娠结局的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿霞; 齐鑫; 马海峰

    2013-01-01

    目的探讨孕期营养干预对孕期血脂及妊娠期高血压、妊娠期糖尿病、巨大儿、剖宫产发生率的影响。方法2011年9月~2012年1月在我院首次就诊自然受孕的正常单胎孕妇110例,孕早期(37~60d)进行孕期营养干预,建立合理膳食结构,适宜运动锻炼,把同期未接受营养指导的正常妊娠孕妇126例作为对照组,比较两组血脂(甘油三酯(TG)、胆固醇(TC)、高密度脂蛋白(HDL-C)、低密度脂蛋白(LDL-C))变化、妊娠期高血压(PIH)、妊娠期糖尿病(GDM)、巨大儿、剖宫产发生率情况。结果研究组TG、TC增长低于对照组,差异有显著意义;HDL-C、LDL-C变化不明显;研究组PIH、GDM、巨大儿、剖宫产发生率低于对照组,差异有显著性意义。结论营养干预可降低TG、TC增加,降低PIH、GDM、巨大儿、剖宫产发生率,改善不良妊娠结局。%Objective To investigate the impact of nutrition intervention during pregnancy on blood lipids changes and the incidence of pregnancy-induced hypertension(PIH)、gestational diabetes(GDM)、macrosomia、cesarean section rate. Methods A total of 236 woman with singleton pregnancies were examined as a base cohort , the intervention group and control group were created according to with nutrition intervention (n=110) or without it (n=126) in early stages of pregnancy (37-60 days) from Sept. in 2011 to Jan. in 2012. The interventions included nutrition direction on establishing reasonable dietary composition and suitable exercises . Compares two groups of serum lipids (triglyceride (TG), cholesterol(TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) changes , the incidence of PIH、GDM、macrosomia、cesarean section rate during pregnancy. Results Compared with control group ,there are significant lower TG、TC in intervention group during pregnancy , however the changs of HDL-C、LDL-C were not

  19. 营养干预对于非酒精性脂肪性肝病的治疗作用%Effect of nutritional intervention on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张蕊; 谷斌斌

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To observe the improvement of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with nutri-tional intervention.Methods: Fifty-six patients with NAFLD were given diet nutritional intervention for 6 months. The changes of macronutrient intake, biochemical indexes and body composition indexes were recorded and ana-lyzed before and after intervention.Results: Nutritional intervention led to lower intakes in daily total energy and the energy rate from carbohydrate (P<0.01) and higher intake in the energy rate from protein (P<0.01), but the energy rate from fat did not signiifcantly change. Body mass index, waist hip ratio, body fat mass and visceral fat area were signiifcantly decrease, while body protein and skeletal muscle mass no obviously changed after inter-vention. Fasting blood glucose, triglyceride, total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein were signiifcantly lower than the level before intervention (P<0.01), but high-density lipoprotein did not signiifcantly change.Conclusion:Reasonable nutrition intervention can help to loss weight and visceral fat, improve serum glucose and serum lip-ids and thus exerts a favorable effect on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.%目的:观察营养干预对非酒精性脂肪性肝病(NAFLD)的治疗作用。方法:56例NAFLD患者给予为期6个月的膳食营养干预,观察干预后营养素摄入量、生化指标及人体成分的变化。结果:干预后,患者每日能量摄入量及碳水化合物供能比下降,蛋白质供能比上升,差异均有统计学意义(均P<0.01),脂肪供能比无明显改变;体质量指数(BMI)、腰臀比(WHR)、体脂肪(BFM)及内脏脂肪面积(VFA)显著下降(均P<0.01),体蛋白(P)及骨骼肌(SMM)无明显改变;空腹血糖(FBG)、甘油三酯(TG)、胆固醇及低密度脂蛋白(LDL)明显下降(均P<0.01),高密度脂蛋白(HDL)无明显改变。结论:合理的营养干预有助

  20. Intervenção nutricional sobre medidas antropométricas e glicemia de jejum de pacientes diabéticos Nutritional intervention on anthropometric measurements and fasting glycemia of diabetic patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júnia Maria Geraldo

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar o alcance das atividades desenvolvidas em um projeto de atendimento nutricional, promovido pela Universidade Federal de Viçosa (MG, sobre a glicemia de jejum, medidas antropométricas e de composição corporal de indivíduos diabéticos. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo de coorte, no qual pacientes diabéticos, recrutados do Projeto de Atendimento Nutricional a Diabéticos da Terceira Idade, da Universidade Federal de Viçosa, participaram de reuniões quinzenais, nas quais foram abordados temas relativos à ingestão de dietas saudáveis, e receberam atendimento nutricional individualizado. Os dados foram coletados a partir da aplicação de um roteiro clínico-nutricional, a 42 pacientes, contendo informações pessoais e itens referentes a: história clínica, inquérito dietético, dados antropométricos, de composição corporal e bioquímicos. Analisaram-se o peso, o índice de massa corporal, a circunferência da cintura, o percentual de gordura corporal e a glicemia de jejum antes de qualquer intervenção e após seis meses de acompanhamento. As análises estatísticas foram conduzidas utilizando-se o software Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, versão 12.5. O critério de significância estatística adotado foi pOBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the scope of a project of nutritional intervention, conducted by the Federal University of Viçosa (MG, on fasting glucose, anthropometric measurements and body composition of diabetic patients. METHODS: In this cohort study, diabetic patients recruited from the " Elderly Diabetics Nutritional Care" project, conducted at the Federal University of Viçosa, participated in meetings twice a month, where healthy diets were discussed and individual nutritional intervention was given. The data were collected by the application of a clinical-nutritional questionnaire to 42 patients containing personal information and information regarding clinical

  1. Effects of Nutrition Interventions to Chemotherapy Patients with Cervical Cancer Combined Diabetes after Surgery%营养干预对合并糖尿病的宫颈癌术后化疗患者的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁倩芳

    2013-01-01

    Objective :To explore the effects of nutrition interventions to chemotherapy patients with cervical cancer combined diabetes after surgery .Methods :40 cases with chemotherapy patients with cervical cancer combined diabetes after surgery were randomly divided into observation group (n=20) and control group(n=20) .Both groups were given clinical treatment .During the clinical treatment ,given simple dietary guidance ,cases of control group fed themselves by their own wish while cases of observation group were given nutrition interventions .Blood sugar level and anthropomet-ric nutrition indicators have been detected and have been compared .Results:After nutrition interventions ,observation group took in more protein and caloric but their blood sugar level is stable .Levels of TP ,ALB ,PA ,HGb and TLC were significantly higher in observation group than those in control group(P<0 .05) .Conclusion:Nutrition interventions are propitious to control blood sugar level for chemotherapy patients with cervical cancer combined diabetes after surgery , as well as improving their nutrition condition ,life quality and tolerance to chemotherapy .%目的:探讨营养干预对合并糖尿病的宫颈癌术后化疗患者的影响。方法:将40例宫颈癌手术后化疗患者随机分为观察组(n=20)和对照组(n=20)。两组患者在接受临床治疗的同时,对照组只给予简单的饮食指导,患者自由进食,而观察组则给予营养干预。观察两组患者各项营养指标、血糖和人体测量指标的变化并进行比较。结果:营养干预后,对照组虽然摄入的营养素和热量增加,但血糖控制平稳,观察组患者的营养指标总蛋白(TP)、白蛋白(ALB)、前白蛋白(PA)、血红蛋白(HGb)差异有显著性意义(P均<0.05)。结论:营养干预有利于合并糖尿病的宫颈癌术后化疗患者的血糖控制,能有效改善其营养状况,提高其生活质量和对化疗的耐受性。

  2. Effect of Nutritional Intervention for Patients with Iron Deficiency Anemia During Pregnancy%妊娠期缺铁性贫血患者的营养干预效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐红艳

    2015-01-01

    Objective To carry out nutritional intervention for patients with iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy and to ex-plore the effective nutrition intervention model for pregnant women.Methods The medical record of 160 cases of pregnant women ad-mitted into our hospital from November 2012 to October was retrospectively analyzed.The patients were randomly divided into control group and observation group with 80 cases in each group.The control group was not given any nutritional intervention, while the obser-vation group was, mainly including dietary survey and health education prescription.The indexes of the two groups were observed and analyzed, and the iron intake, cell hemolysis ratio and serum ferritin of the patients in the 10th, 20th, and 30th week were respec-tively evaluated.Results The difference in the age, gestational age, BMI and hematologic parameters of the patients with iron defi-ciency anemia during pregnancy between the control group and the observation group was not statistically significant (P>0.05).With significantly good indexes of the observation group compared with those of the control group after nutritional intervention was given, the difference in the indexes between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion The effect of nutritional inter-vention for patients with iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy is particularly notable.With certain feasibility, this treatment is wor-thy of clinical promotion.%目的:对妊娠期缺铁性贫血患者实施营养干预,并探讨有效的孕妇营养干预模式。方法回顾性分析我院于2012年11月至2013年10月收治的160例孕妇的病历资料,随机的分为对照组和观察组,对照组和观察组各80例,对照组80例缺铁性患者不采取任何营养干预,观察组缺铁性患者采取相关的营养干预,主要有膳食调查监测和健康教育处方等,观察分析两组患者各项指标情况,分别于第10周、第20周和第30周

  3. Nutrition in Pancreatic Cancer: A Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gärtner, Simone; Krüger, Janine; Aghdassi, Ali A.; Steveling, Antje; Simon, Peter; Lerch, Markus M.; Mayerle, Julia

    2016-01-01

    Background Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related mortality in both genders. More than 80% of patients suffer from significant weight loss at diagnosis and over time develop severe cachexia. Early nutritional support is therefore essential. Summary This review evaluates the different nutritional therapies, such as enteral nutrition, parenteral nutrition and special nutritional supplements, on nutritional status, quality of life and survival Key Message Due to the high prevalence of malnutrition and the rapid development of anorexia-cachexia-syndrome, early nutritional intervention is crucial and supported by clinical data Practical Implications Enteral nutrition should be preferred over parenteral nutrition. Omega-3 fatty acids and l-carnitine are promising substances for the prevention of severe cachexia, but further randomized controlled trials are needed to establish generally accepted guidelines on nutrition in pancreatic cancer.

  4. Impact of individualized nutrition intervention on diet therapy compliance of patients with diabetes mellitus%个体化营养干预对糖尿病患者饮食依从性的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗希; 蔡斌

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨个体化营养干预对糖尿病患者饮食治疗依从性的影响。方法将180例糖尿病患者随机分为干预组和对照组,对照组接受常规治疗和护理,干预组在常规治疗和护理基础上接受营养师参与的个体化营养干预措施。6个月后,通过糖尿病饮食依从性调查表、代谢指标检测进行干预前后比较。结果干预组患者的饮食依从性明显高于对照组,血糖控制明显优于对照组(P<0.01)。干预组血糖、甘油三酯、总胆固醇、低密度脂蛋白及糖化血红蛋白指标均优于对照组(P<0.01)。结论加强个体化营养干预能够提高糖尿病患者饮食的依从性,有助改善糖代谢及脂代谢指标。%Objective To observe the impact of individualized diet intervention on diet therapy compliance of patients with diabetes mellitus. Methods All of 180 patients with diabetes mellitus were randomly divided into the intervention group and the control group. The intervention group was treated with conventional treatment and care. While in the control group,the individualized nutrition intervention therapy was used together with conventional treatment and care. After six months,the differences of diet therapy compliance and metabolism indexes between the two groups were com-pared and analyzed. Results Compared with the control group, there was higher compliance of diet therapy in the in tervention group (P<0.01). The levels of glycemia, triglyceride, cholesterol, LDL-C and HbAlc in the intervention group were better than the control group,there was significant difference(P<0.01). Conclusion Individualized nutrition intervention therapy could improve the diet therapy compliance of patients with diabetes mellitus, and could also im-prove indexes of glucose and lipid metabolism.

  5. Mediating Effects of Home-Related Factors on Fat Intake from Snacks in a School-Based Nutrition Intervention among Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Lippevelde, Wendy; van Stralen, Maartje; Verloigne, Maite; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Deforche, Benedicte; Brug, Johannes; Maes, Lea; Haerens, Leen

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate if the effects of the parental component of a school-based intervention on dietary fat intake from snacking were mediated by changes in home-related factors. A random sample of 10 schools with 2232 pupils aged 11-15 years was randomly assigned to one of two intervention groups [one with (n =…

  6. Boundary Development in the Field of International Nutrition Science12

    OpenAIRE

    Centrone Stefani, Monique; Humphries, Debbie L.

    2014-01-01

    Using a sociological approach that elaborates on key observations of institutional entrepreneurs in international nutrition, this paper explores institutional boundaries and boundary work in international nutrition. Sociological concepts of “boundary making” and “situated knowledge” are applied to the boundaries between the nutrition sciences and lay nutrition knowledge in nutrition intervention. These concepts allow an analysis of how nutrition science creates boundaries between its field an...

  7. A Study to Evaluate the Effect of Nutritional Intervention Measures on Admitted Children in Selected Nutrition Rehabilitation Centers of Indore and Ujjain Divisions of the State of Madhya Pradesh (India)

    OpenAIRE

    Gunjan Taneja; Sanjay Dixit; A K Khatri; Veena Yesikar; Deepa Raghunath; Sanjay Chourasiya

    2012-01-01

    Background: The state of Madhya Pradesh has 1.3 million severely malnourished children. Nutrition rehabilitation centers (NRCs) were started in the state to control severe malnutrition and decrease the prevalence of severe malnourished children to less than 1% among children aged 1–5 years. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted from November 2008 to October 2009; 100 children admitted to seven different NRCs in Indore and Ujjain divisions of Madhya Pradesh were observed durin...

  8. 医学营养干预对妊娠期糖尿病临床结局影响的Meta分析%Effects of medical nutritional intervention on clinical outcome of gestational diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春微; 于康; 张燕舞; 马良坤; 李融融; 王方

    2015-01-01

    营养干预对妊娠期糖尿病是一种保护性措施,有助于将血糖维持在正常范围内,且可改善其临床结局.%Objective To evaluate the effect of medical nutritional intervention on clinical outcome of gestational diabetes mellitus.Methods A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials was conducted.PubMed, EMBASE, OVID, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Chinese WanFang Database were searched for the literatures related to the effect of medical nutritional intervention on clinical outcome of gestational diabetes mellitus from January 2005 to January 2015.At the same time, manual searching and reference review were conducted.Strict screening of the searched literatures was performed based on inclusion and exclusion criteria.All the included trials were divided into two groups based on whether the intervention involved insulin or not.The tool which Cochrane Handbook recommended was used to assess the risk of bias for included literatures.All the studies were graded and extracted by two researchers independently after reading research method in detail.Meta-analysis was conducted using RevMan5.2 software.The effect of medical nutritional intervention was described in terms of fasting blood glucose, birth body mass, and incidences of macrosomia, cesarean section, postpartum glucose intolerance and neonatal long-term chronic disease.Results Totally 27 trials were found, of which 13 met the inclusion and exclusion criteria.1 trial was excluded because the outcomes were using different sample sizes, and finally 12 trials were included in the final meta-analysis, involving 1 392 patients.Among the 12 included trials, 7 only administered nutritional intervention, while the other 5 added insulin with nutritional intervention.The results showed that in the nutritional intervention group, medical nutritional intervention decreased the incidence of macrosomia [risk difference (RD) :-0.35, 95% CI:-0.55--0.15, P < 0.001, 1

  9. The Feasibility of an E-Mail-Delivered Intervention to Improve Nutrition and Physical Activity Behaviors in African American College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackey, Eleanor; Schweitzer, Amy; Hurtado, Maria Eugenia; Hathway, Joanne; DiPietro, Loretta; Lei, Kai Y.; Klein, Catherine J.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of an e-mail-delivered program to promote nutrition and physical activity in African American college students. Participants: Forty-seven students (76% female, aged 18-20 years). Methods: Students participated in a 24-week randomized controlled trial, receiving either general health…

  10. Effect of sports nutrition intervention on constitution of students in boarding junior high school%运动营养干预改善初中寄宿学生体质健康效果的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡艳龙; 李铁柱; 张文栋; 白厚增; 周瑾; 杨则宜

    2012-01-01

    为了解初中学生体质状况,探讨运动营养干预对学生体质健康的改善效果,对北京市某中学初一寄宿学生进行了体质测试及为期12周的运动营养干预实验.抽取初一40名(男生20名,女生20名)寄宿学生为受试对象,根据体质测试的结果,分为超重肥胖组(男7、女7)、肌肉力量弱组(男6、女6)、心肺功能差组(男7、女7),采用自身对照的方式,进行为期6周的不干预实验和6周采用相应的运动和运动营养食品使用的综合措施进行干预,研究干预前后形态、体质健康、机能等各项指标的变化。实验结果表明:1)大多数学生出现体质不达标情况,具体表现为近半数学生体重偏低,20%左右的学生超重或肥胖,大多数的学生力量素质和心肺功能较低差;2)通过运动营养干预,超重肥胖、肌肉力量弱及心肺功能差等体质问题有明显改善。%In order to investigate physical fitness of boarding middle school students and effects of sports nutrition intervention on students' constitution and health,a physical fitness test and sports nutrition intervention experiment were conducted on students in grade one of a middle school in Beijing. The experiment was made on forty boarding students (20 male and 20 female)for 12 weeks (6 weeks of none intervention and 6 weeks of intervention). Based on the results of students constitution test, the 40 students were divided into 3 groups: the overweight obese group (7 male, 7 female), the hypo muscle strength group (6 male, 6 female) and the hypo cardio- puhnonary ftmction group (7 male, 7 female) to supervise the constitution, health and fitness before and after sports nutrition interventions. The result showed that the body weight of almost half of the student was lower than standard. About twenty percenl of the students were overweight or obesite. The strength and cardiopuhnonary function of most student was

  11. Nutrition and HIV-Positive Pregnancy

    OpenAIRE

    Montgomery, Kristen S.

    2003-01-01

    When an HIV-positive woman becomes pregnant, additional nutritional considerations are warranted. Compared to routine prenatal nutritional assessment and intervention, pregnant HIV-positive women have increased needs to promote a healthy outcome. This column contains information on HIV and pregnancy, nutrition and infection, and nutrition for HIV-positive pregnancy. This content can be integrated into childbirth education settings to improve care to women who are HIV-positive.

  12. Effect of Nutrition Supplement Education on Nutrition Supplement Knowledge among High School Students from a Low-Income Community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, Jeffrey C.; Perry, Danielle R.; Volpe, Stella Lucia

    2002-01-01

    Investigated the effectiveness of a nutrition supplement educational intervention in improving the nutrition supplement knowledge of low-income adolescents. Data on high school students separated into experimental and control groups indicated that they had extremely poor pre-intervention knowledge. However, the short-term nutrition education…

  13. Impact of nurse intervention on enteral nutrition through jejunal stoma in patients with postoperative gastric cancer%干预性护理对胃癌术后经空肠造瘘肠内营养的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘黎霞

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察干预性护理对胃癌术后经空肠造瘘肠内营养的影响。方法:选取胃癌术后行空肠造瘘的患者60例,按照护理方式不同,分为常规护理组和护理干预组,每组均为30例。常规护理组予以常规护理,护理干预组予以干预性护理。观察两组护理前后WHO-QOL量表(体重,精神状态,化疗耐受和躯体活动力),血红蛋白,白蛋白,转铁蛋白和前白蛋白。结果:护理干预组患者的体重,精神状态,化疗耐受和躯体活动力改善情况均明显优于常规护理组( P<0.01)。护理干预组的血红蛋白,白蛋白,转铁蛋白和前白蛋白水平明显高于常规护理组( P<0.01)。结论:护理干预能够明显提高胃癌术后经空场造瘘进行肠内营养的效果,改善机体的营养,促进康复。%Objective To observe the impact of nurse intervention on enteral nutrition through jejunal stoma in patients with postopera-tive gastric cancer. Method 60 patients with postoperative gastric cancer were divided into the usual care group and nurse intervention group according to care in different ways,each group were 30 cases. Usual care group were gave routine care,nurse intervention group were given nurse intervention in the basis of routine care. The WHO-QOL scale( weight,mental status,chemotherapy tolerance and physical ac-tivity ),hemoglobin,albumin,transferrin and prealbumin were observed in two groups before and after treatment. Results The weight,men-tal status,chemotherapy tolerance and physical activity were improved significantly in nurse intervention group than those in usual care group(P<0. 01). The levels of hemoglobin,albumin,transferrin and prealbumin in nurse intervention group were significantly higher than those in usual care group(P<0. 01). Conclusion Nurse intervention can significantly improve the efficacy of enteral nutrition in patients with postoperative gastric cancer,improve the body 's

  14. EFFECTIVENESS OF THE NUTRITIONAL INTERVENTIONS ON MIDDLE AND OLD AGEDOBESE FEMALE%营养干预对中老年女性肥胖者的效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国强

    2012-01-01

    [目的]探讨膳食营养干预对肥胖患者血生化指标的效果评价.[方法]把所选取高新区肥胖人群分为对照组和实验组,观察两组实验后对肥胖知识知晓率和高脂高糖摄入率及血脂、血压等指标的变化.[结果]与对照组相比,干预组肥胖病知识的知晓率提高了25.2%,高脂高糖摄入率降低了21.7%,血压及部分生化指标有明显的变化.[结论]基于营养教育和个体化的饮食治疗方案相结合的营养干预模式易被肥胖患者接受,有利于患者控制血糖血脂水平和改善营养摄入状况.%[Objective] To question the effects of nurtition intervention on serum biochemical indexes of Middle and Old Aged Obese Female. [Methods] We decided 182 obese females into reference group and experience group, in order to know the rate of knowledge about obese, the rate of consumption about high fat and high sugar and the change of the serum biochemical indexed after experiment. [ Results ] Compared with the reference group, the rate of the experience group knowing obese related knowledge increased by 25.2%, the rate of high sugar and high fat intake decreased by 21.1%, and the blood pressure and other biochemical index obviously changed. [Conclusion] The nutrition intervention model based on nutrition teaching and individual nutrition recipes is not only easily accepted by patients, but also beneficial to improving their blood glucose, lipid profile, and nutritional slate.

  15. Healthy Foods, Healthy Families: combining incentives and exposure interventions at urban farmers’ markets to improve nutrition among recipients of US federal food assistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    April B. Bowling

    2016-03-01

    Conclusion: Interventions combining exposure activities and modest financial incentives at farmers’ markets in low-income neighborhoods show strong potential to improve diet quality of families receiving federal food assistance.

  16. Nutrition intervention effects on glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes%营养干预对2型糖尿病患者血糖控制的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巩丹丹

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To study the nutrition intervention effect on glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods:80 cases of patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly divided into observation group and control group,40 cases in each group,two groups were given conventional health education,diet and exercise therapy,drug treatment group on the basis of strengthening nutrition interventions. Three months after the fasting glucose compared two groups of patients,2 h postprandial blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin. Results:the observation group,fasting blood sugar,2 h postprandial blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin improvement degree is better than that of control group (P<0.05). Conclusion:in patients with type 2 diabetes to take medication and exercise therapy at the same time,strengthen nutrition intervention,can effectively enhance the blood sugar control effect.%目的:探讨营养干预对2型糖尿病患者血糖控制情况的影响;方法:将80例2型糖尿病患者随机分成观察组与对照组,每组40例,两组均给予常规药物治疗、饮食健康教育及运动疗法,观察组在此基础上加强营养干预措施。6个月后比较两组患者空腹血糖、餐后2h血糖及糖化血红蛋白;结果:观察组空腹血糖、餐后2h血糖及糖化血红蛋白改善程度均优于对照组(P均<0.05);结论:2型糖尿病患者在采取药物治疗和运动疗法的同时,加强营养干预,可有效增强血糖控制效果。

  17. Healthy Eating for Life English as a second language curriculum: Primary outcomes from a nutrition education intervention targeting cancer risk reduction

    OpenAIRE

    Duncan, Lindsay R; Martinez, Josefa L; Rivers, Susan E.; Latimer, Amy E.; Bertoli, Michelle C; Domingo, Samantha; Salovey, Peter

    2012-01-01

    We conducted a pre–post feasibility trial of Healthy Eating for Life, a theory-based, multimedia English as a second language curriculum that integrates content about healthy nutrition into an English language learning program to decrease cancer health disparities. Teachers in 20 English as a second language classrooms delivered Healthy Eating for Life to 286 adult English as a second language students over one semester. Postintervention data are available for 227 students. The results indica...

  18. Nutritional Intervention Strategies of Teenage Speed Skaters in Daily Training%青少年速滑运动员日常训练阶段营养干预策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭静璐; 唐宝盛; 郭耀亭; 于睿

    2014-01-01

    The nutritional requirement of teenage speed skaters is higher than ordinary teenagers,is different from other athletes. Analyzing from the carbohydrate,protein,fat,vitamins,inorganic salt, dietary fiber,adjust their nutrition level with nutrition intervention and sport nutrition supplement, ensure the growth and the needs of daily training. The daily diet supplies enough carbohydrates,increase good quality protein,limit the ratio of fat supplement,equilibrium and appropriate amount of vitamin and inorganic salt,fully and timely add supplemental water,moderate intake of dietary fiber;Make up not enough dietary with sports nutrition supplements,supply sports drinks to meet the training needs, add high-quality protein to helps dispel fatigue,supply the calcium and iron on demand;At the same time,strengthen the publicity education of sports nutrition knowledge,strengthen the training of staff, establish the perfect management system of dietary nutrition. Improve the nutrition level of teenage speed skaters,tamp the physical basis,further improve the performance.%青少年速滑运动员的营养需求高于普通青少年,也有别于其他项目运动员。从碳水化合物、蛋白质、脂肪、维生素、无机盐、膳食纤维等方面加以分析,应用饮食营养干预和运动营养补剂全面调整其营养水平,保证其生长发育和日常训练需要。日常饮食供应充足碳水化合物,增加优质蛋白质摄入,限制脂肪供应比例,均衡适量补充维生素和无机盐,及时充分补水,适度摄入膳食纤维;应用运动营养补剂弥补饮食摄入不足,供应运动饮料满足训练需求,补充优质蛋白质促进疲劳恢复,按需补充钙和铁等补剂;同时加强运动营养知识的宣传教育,加强相关工作人员培训,建立完善的膳食营养管理体系。提升青少年速滑运动员营养水平,夯实其体能基础,进一步提高运动成绩。

  19. Complicating the "Soccer Mom:" The Cultural Politics of Forming Class-Based Identity, Distinction, and Necessity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    Using Pierre Bourdieu's theories of social class differentiation and class reproduction, this paper provides an analysis of class-based identity politics in contemporary suburban America. Through a critical ethnography of the emergent, American, upper-middle-class "soccer mom" phenomenon, this study contributes to a growing body of research that…

  20. Nutrition Counter

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Counter: A Reference For The Kidney Patient AAKP Nutrition Counter: A Reference For The Kidney Patient Buy ... Harum RD, CSR, LD Certified Specialist in Renal Nutrition, Miami, Florida Reviewed by: 2005 – Maria Karalis, MBA, ...

  1. Nutritional Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nutritional support is therapy for people who cannot get enough nourishment by eating or drinking. You may need ... absorb nutrients through your digestive system You receive nutritional support through a needle or catheter placed in your ...

  2. Nutritional supplements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Gry Bjerg; Andersen, Jens Rikardt

    2015-01-01

    Background: Several studies have indicated that cancer patients have significantly altered taste sensitivity without specifying the preferences. One of the related problems is low compliance to nutritional therapy with oral nutritional supplements (ONS) in patients suffering severe weight loss...

  3. Advantages of enteral nutrition over parenteral nutrition

    OpenAIRE

    Seres, David S; Valcarcel, Monika; Guillaume, Alexandra

    2013-01-01

    It is a strong and commonly held belief among nutrition clinicians that enteral nutrition is preferable to parenteral nutrition. We provide a narrative review of more recent studies and technical reviews comparing enteral nutrition with parenteral nutrition. Despite significant weaknesses in the existing data, current literature continues to support the use of enteral nutrition in patients requiring nutrition support, over parenteral nutrition.

  4. Capacity-building and Participatory Research Development of a Community-based Nutrition and Exercise Lifestyle Intervention Program (NELIP for Pregnant and Postpartum Aboriginal Women:Information Gathered from Talking Circles.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katie Big-Canoe

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Objectives were to gather information from Talking Circles of Aboriginal women who participated in a maternal Nutrition and Exercise Lifestyle Intervention Program (NELIP to identify strategies to bring NELIP into the community. Twelve First Nations women participated. Several main themes were identified regarding health: balance, knowledge/education and time management. Benefits of the NELIP were improvement in health, stamina, stress, and a healthy baby, no gestational diabetes and a successful home birth, with social support as an important contributing factor for success. Suggestions for improvement for the NELIP included group walking, and incorporating more traditional foods into the meal plan. The information gathered is the first step in determining strategies using participatory research and capacity-building to develop a community-based NELIP for pregnant Aboriginal women.

  5. Research of influence by nutrition nursing intervention on patients in postoperative lung cancer chemotherapy%研究营养护理干预对肺癌术后化疗患者的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜鑫

    2015-01-01

    Objective To research influence by nutrition nursing intervention on patients in postoperative lung cancer chemotherapy.Methods A total of 80 patients in postoperative lung cancer chemotherapy were randomly divided into experimental group and control group, with 40 cases in each group. The control group received general diet, and the experimental group received enteral nutrition method. Body mass index (BMI), serum albumin (ALB), total cholesterol (TCH), platelet (PLT), and white blood cell (WBC) were compared between the two groups.Results There was no statistically significant difference of indexes between the two groups before nursing (P>0.05). After nursing, the experimental group had all better indexes than the control group, and the difference had statistical significance (P0.05), 护理后试验组各指标明显优于对照组, 差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 对肺癌术后化疗患者采取营养护理干预有效改善患者术后营养不良状况, 值得在临床推广.

  6. Nutritional status of the Indian population

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Shobha Rao

    2001-11-01

    High prevalence of low birth weight, high morbidity and mortality in children and poor maternal nutrition of the mother continue to be major nutritional concerns in India. Although nationwide intervention programmes are in operation over two decades, the situation has not changed greatly. In addition, the Indian population is passing through a nutritional transition and is expected to witness higher prevalences of adult non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and coronary heart disease according to the theory of `fetal origin of adult disease’. Clearly, there is a need for examining several issues of nutritional significance for effective planning of interventions. In particular, maternal nutrition and fetal growth relationship, long term effects of early life undernutrition, interactions of prenatal nutritional experiences and postnatal undernutrition are some of the major issues that have been discussed in the present paper with the help of prospective data from various community nutrition studies carried out in the department.

  7. Did HealthKick, a randomised controlled trial primary school nutrition intervention improve dietary quality of children in low-income settings in South Africa?

    OpenAIRE

    Steyn, Nelia P; de Villiers, Anniza; Gwebushe, Nomonde; Draper, Catherine E.; Hill, Jillian; de Waal, Marina; Dalais, Lucinda; Abrahams, Zulfa; Lombard, Carl; Lambert, Estelle V

    2015-01-01

    Background Numerous studies in schools in the Western Cape Province, South Africa have shown that children have an unhealthy diet with poor diversity and which is high in sugar and fat. HealthKick (HK) was a three-year randomised controlled trial aimed at promoting healthy eating habits. Methods Sixteen schools were selected from two low-income school districts and randomly allocated to intervention (n = 8) or control school (n = 8) status. The HK intervention comprised numerous activities to...

  8. Nutritional intervention on gestational diabetes mellitus improves lipid metabolism%妊娠糖尿病孕期营养干预及对脂代谢的改善

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘燕萍; 李珊珊; 包媛媛; 何书励; 马良坤; 李伟

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨妊娠糖尿病(GDM)营养干预对脂代谢的作用。方法选取北京协和医院营养科门诊孕中晚期GDM患者127例为研究对象,按照孕期限能量糖尿病饮食方法进行营养干预,限制碳水化合物供能比≤50%,燕麦等粗杂粮占主食的50%,以提高膳食纤维摄入量,限制饱和脂肪来源食物,推荐橄榄油等。监测干预期内患者体重变化,通过膳食记录计算膳食脂代谢相关指标(能量、脂肪供能比、各种脂肪酸占比、不溶性膳食纤维含量等),比较干预前后患者血清总胆固醇(TC)、甘油三酯(TG)、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDL-C)、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(LDL-C)水平的变化,并检验膳食因素与脂代谢指标的相关性。结果127例接受膳食干预的患者中37例提交有效膳食记录,计341天(97个周代表值),据此计算干预期膳食结果能量为(7980±1785)kJ/d,脂肪供能比为(29.9±5.3)%,饱和脂肪酸占总脂肪酸的(29.13±3.95)%,单不饱和脂肪酸占总脂肪酸的(41.44±2.78)%,不溶性膳食纤维为(24.34±11.65)g/d。TC、HDL、LDL干预前后无显著差异,TG水平干预前为(2.92±1.39) mmol/L,干预后为(3.27±1.33)mmol/L(P<0.05)。干预膳食的不溶性纤维含量与干预后血清LDL-C水平相关(R=0.28,P<0.05)。结论 GDM患者孕中晚期营养干预符合脂代谢管理的需要,有助于预防患者孕晚期脂代谢异常,该膳食模式对脂代谢的影响可能是多种因素共同作用的结果。%Objective To investigate the effect of nutritional intervention for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on lipid metabolism. Method A total of 127 cases of GDM in the second or third trimester that were admitted by Nutrition Clinic of Peking Union Medical College Hospital were selected as subjects. Calorie-restricted diabetic diet was adopted for nutritional intervention. Calories

  9. 广西贫困农村小学生营养干预一年后体格发育和营养状况变化情况%Changes of physical growth and nutritional status in poor rural students after one year’s nutritional intervention in Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮青; 刘玄华; 张倩; 张帆; 唐雯; 董邕晖; 任轶文

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解牛奶加鸡蛋营养干预一年后学生体格发育和营养状况的变化情况,探索适合农村小学生营养改善的模式。方法研究现场为广西田阳县贫困农村,选取554名1~5年级小学生作为干预组,每名学生于在校日补充200g牛奶和1枚鸡蛋进行营养干预,另选428名学生作为对照组,不采取干预措施。比较分析两组学生1年后的体格形态指标变化和营养状况。结果干预组男生体重增长(3.5±1.8)kg高于对照组(2.9±1.5)kg,8岁组女生体重增长(3.6±1.6)kg高于对照组(2.7±1.2)kg,差异均有统计学意义(P值均小于0.01)。不管是男生或女生,干预组与对照组的身高增长差异无统计学意义。干预组男生的营养不良率从基线的29.6%降至干预后的22.0%,而女生的营养不良率变化不明显。结论通过给学生补充卤蛋和牛奶,可使学生的体格发育及营养状况都得到改善和提高,该措施值得在贫困农村地区推广。%Objective To understand the physical growth and nutritional status changes of students after nutritional intervention with milk and egg,and explore appropriate mode for nutrition improvement in rural primary students. Methods The study was carried out in the primary schools from impoverished rural area of Tianyang County in Guangxi Province. Five hundred fifty four students of grade 1 to 5 were selected as intervention group and 428 students of the same grade as the control group. Each student in the intervention group was supplied with 200 g of milk and one egg in each school day. After one year of intervention, the physical development and nutritional status of two groups were compared and analyzed. Results The weight gain of male students in the intervention group was higher than that of the control group (3.5±1.8 kg vs 2.9±1.5 kg, P<0.01). In female students, only the weight gain of 8-year-old student in the intervention group was

  10. Nutrition Labeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G

    2013-01-01

    because consumers will avoid products that the label shows to be nutritionally deficient, but also because food producers will try to avoid marketing products that appear, according to the label, as nutritionally problematic, for example, because of a high content of saturated fat or salt. Nutrition......Nutrition labeling refers to the provision of information on a food product’s nutritional content on the package label. It can serve both public health and commercial purposes. From a public health perspective, the aim of nutrition labeling is to provide information that can enable consumers...... to make healthier choices when choosing food products. Nutrition labeling is thus closely linked to the notion of the informed consumer, that chooses products according to their aims, on the basis of the information at their disposal. Because many consumers are assumed to be interested in making healthy...

  11. Broad-based nutritional supplementation in 3xTg mice corrects mitochondrial function and indicates sex-specificity in response to Alzheimer's disease intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, Andrew B; Braden, B Blair; Bimonte-Nelson, Heather; Kusne, Yael; Young, Nicole; Engler-Chiurazzi, Elizabeth; Garcia, Alexandra N; Walker, Douglas G; Moses, Guna S D; Tran, Hung; LaFerla, Frank; Lue, LihFen; Emerson Lombardo, Nancy; Valla, Jon

    2012-01-01

    Nutrition has been highlighted as a potential factor in Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk and decline and has been investigated as a therapeutic target. Broad-based combination diet therapies have the potential to simultaneously effect numerous protective and corrective processes, both directly (e.g., neuroprotection) and indirectly (e.g., improved vascular health). Here we administered either normal mouse chow with a broad-based nutritional supplement or mouse chow alone to aged male and female 3xTg mice and wildtype (WT) controls. After approximately 4 months of feeding, mice were given a battery of cognitive tasks and then injected with a radiolabeled glucose analog. Brains were assessed for differences in regional glucose uptake and mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase activity, AD pathology, and inflammatory markers. Supplementation induced behavioral changes in the 3xTg, but not WT, mice, and the mode of these changes was influenced by sex. Subsequent analyses indicated that differential response to supplementation by male and female 3xTg mice highlighted brain regional strategies for the preservation of function. Several regions involved have been shown to mediate responses to steroid hormones, indicating a mechanism for sex-based vulnerability. Thus, these findings may have broad implications for the human response to future therapeutics.

  12. Effects of Nutrition Education on Levels of Nutritional Awareness of Pregnant Women in Western Iran

    OpenAIRE

    FALLAH, Farnoush; POURABBAS, Ahmad; Delpisheh, Ali; Veisani, Yousef; Shadnoush, Mahdi

    2013-01-01

    Background Maternal nutritional health, before and during pregnancy, influences the health status of herself and her developing fetus. Pregnancy is an important condition for improving nutritional knowledge. Objectives The present study aimed at determining effects of nutrition education on levels of nutritional awareness of a representative group of pregnant women in Western Iran. Patients and Methods A quasi-experimental intervention was undertaken on a random sample of pregnant women (n = ...

  13. Alimentação alternativa: análise crítica de uma proposta de intervenção nutricional Alternative foods: a critical analysis of a proposal for nutritional intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Amaya Farfan

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available O Instituto Nacional de Alimentação e Nutrição (Inan está propondo o uso, em nível nacional, de fórmula de alimentação alternativa, denominada "Multimistura", à base de farelos de arroz, e/ou trigo, sementes de gergelim e abóbora, folhas de mandioca, beterraba, cenoura, verduras nativas e pó de casca de ovo, como solução para combater a fome da população carente. Embora o crítico estado nutricional da população-alvo possa fazer qualquer questionamento técnico ou ético parecer por demais filosófico, uma série de considerações nutricionais, toxicológicas e até de viabilidade prática sugerem que a posição adotada pelo Inan deveria ser revista. A solução da multimistura, talvez válida para situações transitórias de extrema pobreza, carece de universalidade para ser utilizada, independentemente de faixa etária, estado nutricional e período de duração da intervenção.The nationwide use of a "Multimixture," a formula based on alternative foods such as rice and/or wheat bran, sesame and squash seeds, cassava, beet and carrot leaves, several indigenous leafy vegetables, and ground egg shells has been proposed by the National Institute of Food and Nutrition (INAN as an official solution to fight hunger among poor Brazilians. The fragile nutritional state of the target population may make technical or ethical questions appear purely academic, yet nutritional, toxicological, and practical feasibility considerations appear to warrant a revision of the INAN proposal. While the Multimixture approach may prove valid as a temporary solution in cases of extreme poverty, it is not universally applicable for the intended use, failing to take into account the age and nutritional status of the subjects or duration of the intervention.

  14. Intervention effect evaluation of implementation of nutrition and health education by community nurses for patients with diabetes%社区护士对糖尿病患者营养健康教育干预效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁玲

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the implementation effect of nutrition and health education by community nurses for patients with diabetes,in order to provide reference for developing further intervention measures.Methods The questionnaire and laboratory testing methods were used.160 patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly sampled and divided into two groups,with 60 patients in the experimental group and 100 patients in the control group.The experimental group was given nutrition and health education intervention for 2 years by the community nurses.The control group was not given the intervening measure.Then the scores of nutrition and health knowledge questionnaire and lab test indexes between the two groups were compared.Results The experimental group had significantly higher nutrition and health knowledge score than the control group (P < 0.01).The two groups were statistically different in the physiological indicators:body weight,body mass index,fasting glucose,triglycerides,postprandial blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin values (P < 0.05).The indicators in the experimental group were better than those in the control group.The experimental group was superior to the control group in the intake of 16 nutrients indicators:energy,Vitamin A,Vitamin B1,Vitamin B6,Vitamin B12,niacin,folic acid,Vitamin D,Phosphorus,Potassium,Zinc,Selenium,Copper,biotin,etc (P < 0.05).Conclusion The nutrition and health education implemented by the community nurses among the patients with diabetes is highly effective,and worthy of promotion.%目的 了解社区护士对糖尿病患者进行营养健康教育后的成效,为进一步制定干预措施提供依据.方法 采用问卷调查和实验室检测的方法,随机抽取2型糖尿病患者160例,分成两组,实验组60例,对照组100例,实验组糖尿病患者由社区护士进行为期2年的营养健康教育干预,对照组不采取任何干预措施.比较干预后两组营养健康知识调查问卷得分及

  15. 胃旁路术联合营养干预对肥胖型2型糖尿病的疗效观察%Therapeutic Effects of Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass and Nutritional Intervention on Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱小文; 金迪; 刘慧

    2013-01-01

    Objective To observe the therapeutic effects of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and nutritional intervention in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Methods A total of 76 T2DM patients were randomly assigned into treatment group and control group B with or without nutritional supplements.Three months and six months after the surgery,the index of glycometabolism,islet cell function,nutrition status,and other related indicators or complications were observed and recorded.Results After surgery,the clinical complete remission rate was 84.21% (64/76),and the partial remission rate was 15.79% (12/76).In both groups the levels of fasting blood glucose,glycated hemoglobin and serum iron levels were decreased (P<0.01),the fasting insulin and C peptide were increased (P<0.01).Compared with the control group,the serum iron and ferritin levels were significantly increased (P<0.01),the incidence of alopecia and anemia were lower (P<0.05).Conclusion Therapeutic effect of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on T2DM is satisfactory.Nutritional interventions helps the patients to maintain good nutrition status,and can reduce the occurrence of the complications.%目的 观察胃旁路术(gastric bypass,GBP)联合营养干预,对肥胖型2型糖尿病(type 2 diabetes mellitus,T2DM)的疗效.方法 76例实施GBP的肥胖型T2DM患者,随机分为联合营养治疗组与对照组,每组38例.于术后3个月、6个月观察其糖代谢、胰岛细胞功能、营养状态等相关指标和并发症.结果 术后,患者临床完全缓解率为84.21%(64/76),部分缓解率15.79%(12/76);两组空腹血糖(fasting blood glucose,FBG)、糖化血红蛋白(glycosylated hemoglobin,HbA1c)、血清铁水平显著下降(P<0.01),空腹胰岛素和空腹C肽显著升高(P<0.01).与对照组比较:联合营养治疗组血清铁、血清铁蛋白水平显著升高(P<0.01);脱发、贫血等发生率显著减少(P<0.05).结论 GBP对肥胖型T2DM病情控制疗效满意

  16. Effects of Individualized Nutrition Intervention on Pregnant Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus%个体化营养干预依从性对妊娠期糖尿病孕妇妊娠结局的影响∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭美英; 李玉梅; 刘冬菊; 张礼婕; 张薇

    2015-01-01

    Objective]To explore the effect of different compliance to individualized nutrition intervention on pregnant women and child with gestational diabetes mellitus.[Methods]One hundred and fifty singleton pregnant women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus between October 2013 and September 2014 were given at least three one-to-one individualized nutrition intervention and guidance at the 24th,32ndand 36th week of the pregnant period by professional nutritionist.They were followed up until the deliveries were fin-ished.These pregnant women should complete a form to evaluate the compliance to individualized nutrition in-tervention during the intervention,and then they were divided into two groups:one with better compliance and another with poor compliance.Pregnancy complications and perinatal outcomes of these two groups were com-pared.[Results]Incidence rates of pregnancy complications (gestational hypertension,polyhydramnios,pre-term labor)in the group with better compliance were significantly lower than the group with poor compliance, the difference was statistically significant (P <0.05).Incidence rates of perinatal outcomes(cesarean section, macrosomia)in group with better compliance were significantly lower than the poor compliance group,the difference was statistically significant (P <0.05).[Conclusion]The compliance level of pregnant women with gestational diabetes during individualized nutrition intervention affect maternal and infants'pregnant outcomes. We need to explore and improve nutrition guidance methods constantly,to improve the degree of compliance of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus with the nutrition therapy,thereby improving the pregnant outcomes of gestational diabetes mellitus.%【目的】探讨个体化营养干预依从程度对妊娠期糖尿病孕妇母婴的影响。【方法】选取2013年10月至2014年9月在本院门诊确诊的妊娠期糖尿病单胎孕妇150例,由专业营养师在孕24周、孕32周、

  17. Preventive and Therapeutic Effect of Diet and Nutrition Intervention on Gestational Diabetes Mellitus%饮食及营养干预对妊娠期糖尿病疾病的防治作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王东辉

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study and analyze the preventive and therapeutic effect and safety of diet and nutrition intervention mea-sures in the treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus with hypertension. Methods 200 pregnant women with<14 gestational weeks underwent examination in the clinic of our hospital from December 2012 to December 2013 were selected as the subjects of clini-cal trials and divided into two groups randomly. 100 pregnant women in the experimental group were given diet and nutrition in-tervention measures, while 100 pregnant women in the control group were not and they only underwent regularly prenatal exami-nation. The two groups of pregnant women were followed up until the end of delivery. The number of pregnant women with gesta-tional diabetes mellitus and hypertension before the labor in the two groups were compared and analyzed. Results In the experi-mental group, there were 2 cases had gestational diabetes mellitus, which accounted for 2.00% of the total cases; in the control group, there were 9 cases had gestational diabetes mellitus, which accounted for 9.00% of the total cases, the comparison showed that the difference in the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus between the two groups was statistically significant, P<0.05. Conclusion For pregnant women, scientific and effective diet and nutrition intervention measures can efficaciously improve the pregnant women’s own nutrition condition, promote the healthy development of maternal and infant body and mind and reduce the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus, so it is worthy of wide clinical application.%目的:研究分析饮食及营养干预措施对妊娠期高血压糖尿病的防治疗效及安全性。方法选择2012年12月—2013年12月期间在该院门诊进行检查的200例<14周的孕妇作为临床试验研究对象,随机分为两组。实验组100例孕妇接受饮食及营养干预措施,对照组100例孕妇仅定期进行产检,不接受饮食及营养

  18. Nutrition and Cognition in Aging Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coley, Nicola; Vaurs, Charlotte; Andrieu, Sandrine

    2015-08-01

    Numerous longitudinal observational studies have suggested that nutrients, such as antioxidants, B vitamins, and ω-3 fatty acids, may prevent cognitive decline or dementia. There is very little evidence from well-sized randomized controlled trials that nutritional interventions can benefit cognition in later life. Nutritional interventions may be more effective in individuals with poorer nutritional status or as part of multidomain interventions simultaneously targeting multiple lifestyle factors. Further evidence, notably from randomized controlled trials, is required to prove or refute these hypotheses. PMID:26195103

  19. Health education and nutrition intervention in anorexia nervosa application%健康教育与营养干预在神经性厌食症中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽娟; 黄婷; 陈爽

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨健康教育与饮食干预在神经性厌食症(AN)患者护理中的应用效果.方法 将28例AN患者随机分为实验组15例和对照组13,实验组从入院起对患者进行健康教育及营养干预的方式进行护理,对照组按常规护理模式;出院时应用进食障碍调查自评问卷( EDE-Q)评定,比较两组之间的效果差异.结果 实验组病人EDE-Q各项分值均低于对照组(P<0.01),实验组患者在掌握健康知识方面明显优于对照组(P<0.05),体重较对照组明显改善(P<0.05),护理满意度高于对照组(P<0.05).结论 对AN患者进行健康教育及营养干预,有利于提高治疗效果,可在临床护理中推广应用.%Objective To investigate the health education and dietary intervention in the care of patients with an-orexiaNervosa effects. Methods 28 patients with anorexiaNervosa were randomly divided into experimental group(15 cases) and control group (13 cases), In the experimental group of patients from the hospital from health education and nutrition intervention approach to care, control group received usual care model; discharge application survey of eating disorders self-assessment questionnaire (EDE-Q) were assessed and compared the differences between the two groups. Results The patients with EDE-Q scores were lower than the control group (P<0. 01), patients in the experimental group mastered the knowledge was superior to the control group (P<0. 05), body weight was significantly higher than the control group improved (P<0.05), higher nursing satisfaction (P<0.05). Conclusion Of the anorexiaNervosa patient care in health education and nutrition intervention can improve treatment.

  20. Documentation of functional and clinical effects of infant nutrition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koletzko, Berthold; Szajewska, Hania; Ashwell, Margaret;

    2012-01-01

    The Early Nutrition Academy and the Child Health Foundation, in collaboration with the Committee on Nutrition, European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, held a workshop in March 2011 to explore guidance on acquiring evidence on the effects of nutritional...... interventions in infants and young children. The four objectives were to (1) provide guidance on the quality and quantity of evidence needed to justify conclusions on functional and clinical effects of nutrition in infants and young children aged...

  1. Long-term Impact on Gastrointestinal Symptoms, Quality of Life and Nutritional Adequacy after Group Intervention in patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Kjøsnes, Norene Grytten

    2015-01-01

    Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common functional gastrointestinal disorder often associated with complex clinical manifestations. There is no cure for IBS, however potent management strategies have been proposed, including the FODMAP diet. Haukeland University Hospital provides group based IBS interventions. There is a need for critical evaluation of group-based management of IBS. Aim: To quality assess the long-term impact of the group based IBS inte...

  2. Reducing childhood illness - fostering growth : an integrated home-based intervention package (IHIP) to improve indoor-air pollution, drinking water quality and child nutrition

    OpenAIRE

    Hartinger Peña, Stella M.

    2014-01-01

    Child mortality attributable to pneumonia, diarrhoea and malnutrition accounts globally for the majority of 8.8 million annual deaths. More than half of these deaths are preventable. Available and effective interventions include safe water supply, household water treatment, improved chimney stoves and personal- and home-hygiene and -health messages. In Peru, the current health services reform is focused on shifting responsibilities to peripheral levels; thus, empowering community organisation...

  3. Intervenção nutricional padronizada em pacientes hipoglicêmicos hospitalizados Intervención nutricional estandarizado en pacientes con hipoglucemia y hospitalizados Standardized nutritional intervention in hypoglycemic inpatients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silmara Rodrigues Machado

    2012-03-01

    effectiveness and applicability of nutritional intervention in hypoglycemic situations suffered by conscious inpatients in a general hospital who were receiving oral diet. Seventy-six patients were eligible. Hypoglycemia was defined as a capillary glucose level of ≥ 50 to ≤ 70 mg/dL. Nutritional intervention consisted in providing 15-24 g of RAC. The level of capillary glucose was checked after 15 to 20 minutes of the intervention. During the studied period, the rate of effectiveness of the nutritional intervention was 97.6%. Results show that the administration of RAC, a non-invasive method, was applicable in a general hospital and was also potentially effective in restoring capillary glucose levels in conscious hypoglycemic inpatients receiving an oral diet.

  4. Cognitive Interventions for Older Diabetics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Sheila; Scogin, Forrest

    1998-01-01

    Older diabetic adults should receive memory training to improve their compliance with medication taking. The intervention should include comprehensible medical instructions, assistance with remembering the nutritional values of food, and higher order skills for disease management. (SK)

  5. Healthy Eating for Life English as a second language curriculum: primary outcomes from a nutrition education intervention targeting cancer risk reduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncan, Lindsay R; Martinez, Josefa L; Rivers, Susan E; Latimer, Amy E; Bertoli, Michelle C; Domingo, Samantha; Salovey, Peter

    2013-07-01

    We conducted a pre-post feasibility trial of Healthy Eating for Life, a theory-based, multimedia English as a second language curriculum that integrates content about healthy nutrition into an English language learning program to decrease cancer health disparities. Teachers in 20 English as a second language classrooms delivered Healthy Eating for Life to 286 adult English as a second language students over one semester. Postintervention data are available for 227 students. The results indicated that Healthy Eating for Life is effective for increasing fruit and vegetable intake as well as knowledge, action planning, and coping planning related to healthy eating. Participants also achieved higher reading scores compared to the state average.

  6. Nonpathologizing trauma interventions in abnormal psychology courses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoover, Stephanie M; Luchner, Andrew F; Pickett, Rachel F

    2016-01-01

    Because abnormal psychology courses presuppose a focus on pathological human functioning, nonpathologizing interventions within these classes are particularly powerful and can reach survivors, bystanders, and perpetrators. Interventions are needed to improve the social response to trauma on college campuses. By applying psychodynamic and feminist multicultural theory, instructors can deliver nonpathologizing interventions about trauma and trauma response within these classes. We recommend class-based interventions with the following aims: (a) intentionally using nonpathologizing language, (b) normalizing trauma responses, (c) subjectively defining trauma, (d) challenging secondary victimization, and (e) questioning the delineation of abnormal and normal. The recommendations promote implications for instructor self-reflection, therapy interventions, and future research.

  7. Study on effects of nutritional intervention on patients with esophageal cancer undergoing radiation and chemotherapy%食管癌放化疗患者进行营养干预的效果研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马艳会; 周玉华; 曹继娟

    2016-01-01

    目的:探究食管癌放化疗患者进行营养干预的效果。方法:选取78例食管癌放化疗患者进行分组研究,将所有患者采取随机数字表法分为研究组和对照组,每组各39例。对照组患者予以常规护理干预;研究组患者在对照组护理基础上进行全程营养干预。对比两组患者干预后 BMI 指数、血红蛋白、血清白蛋白及血细胞计数及放化疗不良反应情况、患者满意度,采取卡氏(KPS)评分评估患者身体状况,焦虑自评量表(SAS)及抑郁自评量表(SDS)评估患者心理状况。结果:两组患者的 BMI 指数及血红蛋白、血清白蛋白及血细胞计数等对比,研究组患者均明显优于对照组(P<0.05);护理干预后,两组患者的 SAS、SDS 评分对比,研究组患者均显著优于对照组,(P<0.01);研究组患者化疗后总不良反应率明显低于对照组,患者总满意率明显高于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:食管癌放化疗患者在常规护理基础上予以全程营养干预可明显提升护理质量,降低放化疗后不良反应发生率,改善患者身体耐心力及营养状况,改善患者心理状况,患者认可度高,具有较高临床应用及推广价值。%Objective:To explore effects of nutritional intervention on patients with esophageal cancer undergoing radiation and chemotherapy. Methods:78 patients with esophageal cancer undergoing radiation and chemotherapy were selected and divided into re-search group(39 cases)and control group(39 cases)according to the random number table. The control group was given a routine nursing intervention,while the research group received the nutritional intervention based on the routine nursing intervention. After the intervention,the BMI,hemoglobin,serum albumin,blood cell count,radiation and chemotherapy adverse reactions,and patientsˊ sat-isfaction of the two groups were compared. The Karnofsky(KPS)score was

  8. Relación entre la intervención nutricional y la calidad de vida en el paciente con cáncer Relationship between nutritional intervention and quality of life in cancer patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª Marín Caro

    2007-06-01

    necesidades y expectativas de los pacientes evaluando su CdV, ésta se podría incluir dentro de la evaluación nutricional, para elaborar un soporte nutricional adecuado, a la medida del paciente.Quality of life (QOL is a concept assessing physical, psychological and social factors which are influencing the patients' well being. Cancer and its therapy induce severe metabolic changes associated with QOL impairment. These alterations contribute to an increased energy wasting and a decreased food intake. Besides, it may lead to tumoral cachexia due to the complex interactions between pro-inflammatory cytokines and the host metabolism. On the other hand, and beyond physical impairments and metabolic effects from cancer, patients often suffer from psychological stress, such as depression. A nutritional intervention should be implemented as soon as cancer is diagnosed. It should be appropriate to the individual needs of the patient, considering the type of oncologic treatment (whether it is curative or palliative, the clinical conditions and the nutritional status. The aim is to reduce or even revert nutritional status impairment, improve the general condition, and subsequently improve quality of life. The primary focus of nutritional intervention accompanying oncologic treatment intended to cure is on the optimization of the balance between energy waste and food intake. Thus trying to achieve further specific purposes such as a decrease of rate of complications and an amelioration of the response and tolerance to the oncologic therapy. The purpose of nutritional support in palliative care is controlling the symptoms related to food intake and delaying the loss of autonomy. And by this means maintaining or improving patients' QOL. It is corraborated by a literature review, that nutritional therapy should form part of the integral oncological support since it contributes considerably to a QOL improvement. Because of the possibility to identify the patients' needs and expectations

  9. Nutrition intervention combined with insulin treatment of children with dia-betes%营养干预结合注射胰岛素治疗儿童糖尿病

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁亚兰

    2015-01-01

    目的:通过实践研究营养干预结合注射胰岛素治疗儿童糖尿病的临床效果。方法统计该院于2006年—2015年收治的1型糖尿病儿童患者共计26例,将所有患者随机平均分为两个组,每组患儿13例。对照组患儿行常规基本治疗方式进行治疗,观察组患儿在基本胰岛素注射治疗基础之上加行营养干预治疗,对比两组患儿经治疗后的血糖指标恢复情况。结果对照组13例患儿经治疗之前的血糖指标为:空腹状态下血糖值为(16.23±3.21)mmol/L,餐后2 h的血糖值为(23.25±1.53)mmol/L,在经过常规胰岛素注射治疗方式之后,空腹血糖值为(13.56±2.05)mmol/L,餐后2 h的血糖值为(18.36±2.39)mmol/L;观察组13例患儿经常规胰岛素注射治疗加营养干预治疗之后的血糖指标为:空腹状态下血糖值为(16.68±3.52)mmol/L,餐后2 h的血糖值为(22.96±2.17)mmol/L,在经过常规胰岛素注射治疗加营养干预方式之后,空腹血糖值为(8.85±2.91)mmol/L,餐后2 h的血糖值为(11.99±2.43)mmol/L。经卡方t检验对比两组患者之间的血糖变化指标,得出P值小于0.05,差异具有统计学意义。结论对1型糖尿病儿童的患者的治疗,行常规胰岛素注射具有着一定的治疗效果,但在此基础上加行营养干预治疗则效果更为良好,因此值得临床推广应用。%Objective Nutritional intervention combined effect of insulin therapy clinical study of diabetes in children through practice. Methods Statistical our hospital in 2006-2015 in pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes totaled 26 cases, all patients were randomly divided into two groups, each group of 13 cases of children. Children in the control group under-went conventional treatment basic treatment, patients in the observation group on the basis of basic insulin therapy plus line of nutrition intervention, blood sugar compared two groups of children

  10. Nutritional support as an adjunct to radiation therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Patients with malignancies which are treated with therapeutic radiation are at risk for nutritional problems, both from their underlying malignancy as well as from their treatment. These effects may be acute or chronic and relate to the site of the tumor and regions irradiated. There is a large experience with nutritional intervention in irradiated patients, including oral feedings and enteral and parenteral nutritional support. The indications for the specific administration of nutritional support during radiotherapy depend on the nutritional status of the patient and the area irradiated, as well as the individual prognosis. Patients who are malnourished at the time of treatment are most likely to profit from nutritional intervention. To date, prospective randomized trials of nutritional support in patients undergoing radiotherapy fail to show a benefit of routine adjuvant nutritional intervention in terms of improved response and tolerance to treatment, improved local control or survival rates, or reduction of complications from therapy

  11. A case report of recovery of menstrual function following a nutritional intervention in two exercising women with amenorrhea of varying duration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallinson, Rebecca J; Williams, Nancy I; Olmsted, Marion P; Scheid, Jennifer L; Riddle, Emily S; De Souza, Mary Jane

    2013-01-01

    Increasing caloric intake is a promising treatment for exercise-associated amenorrhea, but strategies have not been fully explored. The purpose of this case report was to compare and contrast the responses of two exercising women with amenorrhea of varying duration to an intervention of increased energy intake. Two exercising women with amenorrhea of short (3 months) and long (11 months) duration were chosen to demonstrate the impact of increased caloric intake on recovery of menstrual function and bone health. Repeated measures of dietary intake, eating behavior, body weight, body composition, bone mineral density, resting energy expenditure, exercise volume, serum metabolic hormones and markers of bone turnover, and daily urinary metabolites were obtained. Participant 1 was 19 years old and had a body mass index (BMI) of 20.4 kg/m(2) at baseline. She increased caloric intake by 276 kcal/day (1,155 kJ/day, 13%), on average, during the intervention, and her body mass increased by 4.2 kg (8%). Participant 2 was 24 years old and had a BMI of 19.7 kg/m(2). She increased caloric intake by 1,881 kcal/day (7,870 kJ/day, 27%) and increased body mass by 2.8 kg (5%). Resting energy expenditure, triiodothyronine, and leptin increased; whereas, ghrelin decreased in both women. Resumption of menses occurred 23 and 74 days into the intervention for the women with short-term and long-term amenorrhea, respectively. The onset of ovulation and regular cycles corresponded with changes in body weight. Recovery of menses coincided closely with increases in caloric intake, weight gain, and improvements in the metabolic environment; however, the nature of restoration of menstrual function differed between the women with short-term versus long-term amenorrhea. PMID:23914797

  12. Nutrition training improves health workers’ nutrition knowledge and competence to manage child undernutrition: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno F Sunguya

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Medical and nursing education lack adequate practical nutrition training to fit the clinical reality that health workers face in their practices. Such a deficit creates health workers with poor nutrition knowledge and child undernutrition management practices. In-service nutrition training can help to fill this gap. However, no systematic review has examined its collective effectiveness. We thus conducted this study to examine the effectiveness of in-service nutrition training on health workers’ nutrition knowledge, counseling skills, and child undernutrition management practices. Methods: We conducted a literature search on nutrition interventions from PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, ISI Web of Knowledge, and WHO regional databases. The outcome variables were nutrition knowledge, nutrition counseling skills, and undernutrition management practices of health workers. Due to heterogeneity, we conducted only descriptive analyses. Results: Out of 3910 retrieved articles, 25 were selected as eligible for the final analysis. A total of 18 studies evaluated health workers’ nutrition knowledge and showed improvement after training. A total of 12 studies with nutrition counseling as the outcome variable also showed improvement among the trained health workers. Sixteen studies evaluated health workers’ child undernutrition management practices. In all such studies, child undernutrition management practices and competence of health workers improved after the nutrition training intervention.Conclusion: In-service nutrition training improves quality of health workers by rendering them more knowledge and competence to manage nutrition-related conditions, especially child undernutrition. In-service nutrition training interventions can help to fill the gap created by the lack of adequate nutrition training in the existing medical and nursing education system. In this way, steps can be taken towards improving the overall nutritional status of

  13. Study on the Short-term Transportation Stress and Nutritional Intervention in Mice%小鼠短途运输应激及其营养干预的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡樱; 杨斐

    2012-01-01

    To investigate the short-term transportation stress of laboratory mice and "develop nutritional intervention that can be used to relieve the stress. Methods In the first experiment, BALB/c mice and ICR mice were transported by road for-1.5h, short-term transportation stress in the two different strains were accessed by the alteration of GLU, WBC, serum level of CORT, IL-2 and (5-EP in the time of 0 h, 24 h, 48 h, 72 h after transportation. In the second experiment, BALB/c mice were transported in the container equipped with nutrition supplementation, and then the stress related indicators were measured and compared across intervention group, transporting group and control group to evaluate the intervention effect. Results In the first experiment, both strains showed decreased GLU, CORT, IL-2, p-EP and WBC at the termination of transportation, but all the indicators return to normal within 72 h. In the second experiment, GLU, IL-2, p-EP and WBC in invention group resumed almost 24 h earlier than transporting group. Conclusions Short-term transportation would be exhausting and trigger neural-endocrine-immune disorder in mice; it needs at least 72 h for mice to recover in the routine condition, while giving nutrition supplementation at the termination of transportation would contribute to a shorter recovering period.%目的 研究实验小鼠的短途运输应激反应并研制用于缓解该应激的营养干预剂.方法 实验1采用BALB/c小鼠和ICR小鼠,经1.5h运输后返回原处,分析运输后即刻(0 h)、24 h、48 h、72 h的血糖(GLU)、外周白细胞总数(WBC)、血清中皮质酮(CORT)、白细胞介素2(IL2)和β-内啡肽(β-EP)的变化,评价短途运输应激对2种小鼠的影响.实验2采用BALB/c小鼠以运输全程放置营养补充剂的方式进行运输干预实验,测定并比较干预组和运输对照组及空白对照组的应激相关指标,由此评价干预效果.结果 在实验1中,运输后即刻2种小鼠GLU、CORT、IL2、

  14. An evaluation of the Kinect-Ed presentation, a motivating nutrition and cooking intervention for young adolescents in grades 6-8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santarossa, Sara; Ciccone, Jillian; Woodruff, Sarah J

    2015-09-01

    Recently, public health messaging has included having more family meals and involving young adolescents (YAs) with meal preparation to improve healthful diets and family dinner frequency (FDF). Kinect-Ed, a motivational nutrition education presentation was created to encourage YAs (grades 6-8) to help with meal preparation and ultimately improve FDF. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Kinect-Ed presentation, with the goals of the presentation being to improve self-efficacy for cooking (SE), food preparation techniques (TECH), food preparation frequency (PREP), family meal attitudes and behaviours, and ultimately increase FDF. A sample of YAs (n = 219) from Southern Ontario, Canada, completed pre- and postpresentation surveys, measuring FDF, PREP, SE, and TECH. Kinect-Ed successfully improved participants' FDF (p < 0.01), PREP (p < 0.01), SE (p < 0.01), and TECH (<0.01). Overall, goals of the presentation were met. Encouraging YAs to help prepare meals and get involved in the kitchen may reduce the time needed from parents to prepare meals, and, in turn, allow more time for frequent family dinners. PMID:26282873

  15. Guide and position of the International Society of Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics on personalised nutrition: Part 1 - fields of precision nutrition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diversity in the genetic profile between individuals and specific ethnic groups affects nutrient requirements, metabolism and response to nutritional and dietary interventions. Indeed, individuals respond differently to lifestyle interventions (diet, physical activity, smoking, etc.). The sequencing...

  16. Sports Nutrition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Missouri State Dept. of Health, Jefferson City.

    This guide deals with various aspects of sports and nutrition. Twelve chapters are included: (1) "Sports and Nutrition"; (2) "Eat to Compete"; (3) "Fit Folks Need Fit Food"; (4) "The Food Guide Pyramid"; (5) "Fat Finder's Guide"; (6) "Pre- and Post-Event Meals"; (7) "Tips for the Diabetic Athlete"; (8) "Pinning Down Your Optimal Weight"; (9)…

  17. Nutritional epigenetics

    Science.gov (United States)

    This chapter is intended to provide a timely overview of the current state of research at the intersection of nutrition and epigenetics. I begin by describing epigenetics and molecular mechanisms of eigenetic regulation, then highlight four classes of nutritional exposures currently being investiga...

  18. SURGICAL NUTRITION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danny Kurniawan Darianto

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available A patient undergoing surgery faces great physiologic and psychologic stress. so nutritional demands are greatly increased during this period and deficiencies can easily develop. If these deficiencies are allowed to develop and are not in screening, serious malnutrition and clinical problem can occur. Therefore careful attention must be given to a patient's nutritional status in preparation of surgery, as well as to the individual nutritional needs. If these needs are met, complications are less likely developing. Natural resources provide for rapid recovery. Proper nutrition can speed healing in surgical patients with major trauma, severe malnutition, burns, and other severe illnesses. New techniques for tube feeding, intravenous nutrition for patients with serious weight loss due to gastrointestinal disorders, and use of supplements can hasten wound healing and shorten recovery times.

  19. Nutrition Status of HIV+ Children in Botswana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nnyepi, Maria; Bennink, Maurice R.; Jackson-Malete, Jose; Venkatesh, Sumathi; Malete, Leapetswe; Mokgatlhe, Lucky; Lyoka, Philemon; Anabwani, Gabriel M.; Makhanda, Jerry; Weatherspoon, Lorraine J.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Identifying and addressing poor nutritional status in school-aged children is often not prioritized relative to HIV/AIDS treatment. The purpose of this paper is to elucidate the benefits of integrating nutrition (assessment and culturally acceptable food supplement intervention) in the treatment strategy for this target group.…

  20. Nutrition and Its Effects on Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swensson, Marjorie

    A 12-week practicum intervention, designed to improve the classroom performance of 17 elementary school students experiencing learning or behavior problems by offering the students nutrition instruction and improving nutritional practices in the students' homes, was implemented and evaluated. Students were requied to agree to: (1) eat a nutritious…

  1. Nutrition policy in South Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Hye-Kyung

    2008-01-01

    Since 1970s, the economic and social development in South Korea, as well as dietary pattern, has undergone various changes. Concerns for the decreased nutrition quality and physical activities among Koreans, especially young population, call for a need of a holistic approach in national food and nutrition policy. The National Health Promotion Act of 1995 included national interventions and programs to deal with nutrition-related chronic diseases and obesity prevention. A nation-wide monitoring system, which includes nutrition and health examination survey, is being built and run by the Ministry of Health and Welfare and its affiliated organizations every three years. The Korea Food and Drug Administration (KFDA) is another key agency undertaking national food and nutrition policies. The KFDA recently promulgated the national strategic plans for improving food safety and nutrition, focusing on children. Nutrition labelling policy for processed food is managed by KFDA and various education programs are developed and disseminated to enhance the awareness of nutrition labelling. The agency also makes standards and regulates foods for special dietary uses and health functional food. The Rural Development Administration (RDA) is responsible for maintaining the food composition database. Finally, the National School Lunch Program is mainly governed by the Ministry of Education and Human Resources Development. The above central government agencies along with regional health centers are making efforts to promote the healthy eating habits in addition to constructing healthy environment by making laws and programs and by research and social marketing.

  2. Percutaneous gastrostomy performed by radiologists using balloon replacement tubes. A simple interventional technique for the placement of nutritional catheters without endoscopy or surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Patients afflicted with stenotic head and neck or esophageal tumors often require artificial enteral feeding. Frequently passage of an endoscope through the esophagus is impossible in these patients. Interventional, fluoroscopically assisted, percutaneous gastrostomy (PG) by balloon replacement tubes is a feasible and successful alternative to percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) and the method of choice in patients where the esophagus cannot be passed with an endoscope anymore. Technical success rate is very high and serious complications are rare. Radiological PG is a feasible, equivalent alternative to PEG also in all other patients. We recommend PG with balloon gastrostomy tubes in conjunction with gastropexy performed with three to four T-fasteners, which are left in place for seven days in order to prevent dislocation and leakage. (orig.)

  3. Nanotechnology Research: Applications in Nutritional Sciences12

    OpenAIRE

    Srinivas, Pothur R.; Philbert, Martin; Vu, Tania Q.; Huang, Qingrong; Kokini, Josef L.; Saos, Etta; Chen, Hongda; Peterson, Charles M.; Friedl, Karl E.; McDade-Ngutter, Crystal; Hubbard, Van; Starke-Reed, Pamela; Miller, Nancy; Betz, Joseph M.; Dwyer, Johanna

    2010-01-01

    The tantalizing potential of nanotechnology is to fabricate and combine nanoscale approaches and building blocks to make useful tools and, ultimately, interventions for medical science, including nutritional science, at the scale of ∼1–100 nm. In the past few years, tools and techniques that facilitate studies and interventions in the nanoscale range have become widely available and have drawn widespread attention. Recently, investigators in the food and nutrition sciences have been applying ...

  4. Inequalities in diet and nutrition

    OpenAIRE

    Tiffin, Richard; Salois, Matthew

    2012-01-01

    The inequality of nutrition and obesity re-focuses concern on who in society is consuming the worst diet. Identification of individuals with the worst of dietary habits permits for targeting interventions to assuage obesity among the population segment where it is most prevalent. We argue that the use of fiscal interventions does not appropriately take into account the economic, social and health circumstances of the intended beneficiaries of the policy. This paper reviews the ...

  5. Pathogenesisandtreatmentofparenteral nutrition-associatedliverdisease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zi-Wei Xu; You-Sheng Li

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD) has been common in patients who require long-term parenteral nutrition. PNALD develops in 40%-60%of infants on long-term parenteral nutrition compared with 15%-40%of adults on home parenteral nutrition for intestinal failure. The pathogenesis of PNALD is multifactorial and remains unclear. There is no speciifc treatment. Management strategies for its prevention and treatment depend on an understanding of many risk factors. This review aims to provide an update on the pathogenesis and treatment of this disease. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was performed on the MEDLINE and Web of Science databases for articles published up to October 2011, using the keywords: parenteral nutrition associated liver disease, intestinal failure associated liver disease, lipid emulsions and ifsh oil. The available data reported in the relevant literatures were analyzed. RESULTS: The literature search provided a huge amount of evidence about the pathogenesis and management strategies on PNALD. Currently, lack of enteral feeding, extended duration of parenteral nutrition, recurrent sepsis, and nutrient deifciency or excess may play important roles in the pathogenesis of PNALD. Recent studies found that phytosterols, present as contaminants in soy-based lipid emulsions, are also an important factor in the pathogenesis. Moreover, the treatment of PNALD is discussed. CONCLUSIONS: The use of lipid emulsions, phytosterols in particular, is associated with PNALD. Management strategies for the prevention and treatment of PNALD include consideration of early enteral feeding, the use of specialized lipid emulsions such as ifsh oil emulsions, and isolated small bowel or combined liver and small bowel transplantation. A greater understanding of the pathogenesis of PNALD has led to promising interventions to prevent and treat this condition. Future work should aim to better understand the mechanisms of PNALD and the long

  6. A Qualitative Phenomenological Exploration of Teachers' Experience With Nutrition Education

    OpenAIRE

    Hall, Elisha; Chai, Weiwen; Albrecht, Julie A.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Nutrition education delivered by classroom teachers has become a popular intervention designed to combat childhood obesity. However, few qualitative studies have explored nutrition education with teachers Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore how elementary teachers describe their experience with nutrition education. Methods: A qualitative phenomenological approach was used. Semistructured interviews, observations, and document analysis were conducted with 10 teachers ...

  7. A Qualitative Phenomenological Exploration of Teachers' Experience with Nutrition Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Elisha; Chai, Weiwen; Albrecht, Julie A.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Nutrition education delivered by classroom teachers has become a popular intervention designed to combat childhood obesity. However, few qualitative studies have explored nutrition education with teachers Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore how elementary teachers describe their experience with nutrition education.…

  8. 集束化营养干预方案对食管癌同步放化疗患者生活质量和营养状况的影响%Impact of bundle of nutritional interventions on esophageal cancer patients of life quality and nutrition status with concurrent radio-chemotherapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙仁娟; 夏蓓南; 戴立芬; 李玲

    2014-01-01

    Objective To discuss the impact of bundles of nutritional nursing interventions on nutritional status and quality of life of esophageal cancer patients who underwent concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy .Methods We selected eighty esophageal cancer patients admitted to our department for concurrent radio-chemotherapy during July 2012 to June 2014 .We divided them into experimental and control group according to random number table , and each of forty cases .After a course of treatment , hemoglobin (Hb), serum albumin (ALB), serum pre-albumin (PA), total lymphocyte count (TLC) and the score of QLQ-C3.0 were compared between two groups .Results When patients admitted hospital , there were no statistical differences in index of the patients between two groups (P>0.05).After one course of treatment,the data of Hb(110.0 ±6.1) g/L,ALB(30.8 ±5.4) g/L,PA(181.6 ±58.4) mg/L,TLC(2.8 ±0.4) ×109/L, score of whole healthy status ( 55.6 ±10 .2 ) in the experimental group which were higher than those in the control group (t=2.484 2,3.272 2,3.255 5,9.877 7,5.527 5,respectively;P<0.05).Conclusions Bundle of nutrition interventions can significantly improve the nutritional status and the quality of life of esophageal cancer patients who underwent concurrent radio-chemotherapy , and it is worthy to promote .%目的:探讨集束化营养干预措施对食管癌同步放化疗患者营养状况及生活质量的影响。方法选取2012年7月—2014年6月在肿瘤放疗科住院行食管癌同步放化疗的患者80例,按随机数字表将患者分为实验组和对照组,各有40例。1个疗程结束后,比较两组患者的血红蛋白( Hb )、血清白蛋白(ALB)、血清前白蛋白(PA)、总淋巴细胞计数(TLC)等营养指标以及生活质量问卷(QLQ-C3.0)的评分。结果入院时,两组患者各项指标差异均无统计学意义( P>0.05);在疗程结束后,实验组患者Hb为(110.0±6.1

  9. Prescribing Optimal Nutrition and Physical Activity as “First-Line” Interventions for Best Practice Management of Chronic Low-Grade Inflammation Associated with Osteoarthritis: Evidence Synthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Dean

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Low-grade inflammation and oxidative stress underlie chronic osteoarthritis. Although best-practice guidelines for osteoarthritis emphasize self-management including weight control and exercise, the role of lifestyle behavior change to address chronic low-grade inflammation has not been a focus of first-line management. This paper synthesizes the literature that supports the idea in which the Western diet and inactivity are proinflammatory, whereas a plant-based diet and activity are anti-inflammatory, and that low-grade inflammation and oxidative stress underlying osteoarthritis often coexist with lifestyle-related risk factors and conditions. We provide evidence-informed recommendations on how lifestyle behavior change can be integrated into “first-line” osteoarthritis management through teamwork and targeted evidence-based interventions. Healthy living can be exploited to reduce inflammation, oxidative stress, and related pain and disability and improve patients’ overall health. This approach aligns with evidence-based best practice and holds the promise of eliminating or reducing chronic low-grade inflammation, attenuating disease progression, reducing weight, maximizing health by minimizing a patient’s risk or manifestations of other lifestyle-related conditions hallmarked by chronic low-grade inflammation, and reducing the need for medications and surgery. This approach provides an informed cost effective basis for prevention, potential reversal, and management of signs and symptoms of chronic osteoarthritis and has implications for research paradigms in osteoarthritis.

  10. Class-Based Garbage Collection in Object-Oriented Programming Environments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张武生; 黄启峰; 沈美明; 郑纬民

    2003-01-01

    Many garbage collection algorithms have been proposed, but few address the special needs of long-running server programs. Server applications usually run for years and spawn many threads, so they create and discard thousands of objects. Therefore, efficient garbage collection is especially important for those applications. This paper presents a class-based garbage collector for object-oriented programming environments that classifies objects by their types to achieve better gradualness. Grouping objects of the same type into a group, with a limited type-lock, a mutator cache and the lease protocol will reduce memory fragmentation, which is especially important for the efficiency of long-running server applications. This class-based collector partitions the heap space by type, which provides better concurrency than the traditional mark-sweep collector, and its reusable garbaged object pool also reduces the object allocation overhead. This paper also discusses the implementation details, such as the mutator cache and the lease protocol, and techniques to achieve better accuracy.

  11. 早期系统营养干预对鼻咽癌患者放化疗毒副反应的影响%Effect of early nutritional intervention on the adverse reactions of radiotherapy and chemotherapy in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾满萍; 侯英兰; 陈庆丽

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the early nutritional in tervention on the adverse reactions of radiotherapy and chemotherapy in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Methods Eighty NPC patients were randomly divided into the intervention group (n=40, treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy combined with nutritional intervention) and the control group (n=40, treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy). The effect of nutritional intervention on nutritional status, the reaction of oropharyngeal mucosa, and bone marrow suppression were observed. Results Both the two groups were observed with MNA score decreasing, oropharyngeal mucosal injury, bone marrow suppression. But the decline degree of the indexes and the injury classification was significantly lighter in the intervention group than the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Early nutritional intervention can effectively improve the nutritional status of the patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma, reduce the adverse reactions, and improve the tolerance of radiotherapy and chemotherapy.%目的 探讨早期、系统营养干预对鼻咽癌患者放化疗毒副反应的影响.方法 将80例鼻咽癌初治患者随机分为干预组(放化疗+系统营养干预)和对照组(单纯放化疗),各40例,观察系统营养干预对鼻咽癌患者营养状况、口咽黏膜反应、骨髓抑制等毒副反应的影响.结果 干预组和对照组均出现不同程度的MNA评分下降及口咽黏膜放射性损伤、骨髓抑制等毒副反应,但指标下降的程度及放射性损伤的分级,营养组明显轻于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 早期、系统营养干预可有效地改善鼻咽癌患者的营养状况,减轻其毒副反应,提高放化疗耐受性.

  12. Nutritional Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eirmann, Laura

    2016-09-01

    Nutritional assessment focuses on evaluation of animal-specific, diet-specific, feeding management, and environmental factors. Assessment includes evaluation of a patient's medical history, comprehensive diet history, and physical examination including body weight, body condition, and muscle condition. Diagnostic testing may identify comorbidities associated with obesity or concurrent health conditions that need to be considered when developing a nutrition plan. When obesity is diagnosed during the nutritional assessment this finding along with health implications must be clearly communicated to the pet owner. Careful consideration of animal-specific, diet-specific, owner-specific, and environmental factors allows the clinician to develop a specific nutrition plan tailored to the needs of pet and owner. PMID:27364967

  13. Diet & Nutrition

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... in MS is growing. Resources Find a dietician / nutritionist Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics – Provides an online search tool to locate registered dietician nutritionists (RDNs). Offers many consumer-geared resources. Food assistance ...

  14. NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nutritional assessment is an essential component of the history and physical examination of children with gastrointestinal disorders. Protein-energy malnutrition, linear growth failure, overweight, and iron deficiency anemia frequently complicate the clinical course of common gastrointestinal proble...

  15. Sistema de Educación Continuada en Nutrición Clínica, Nutrición Artificial y Apoyo Nutricional: su lugar dentro de un Programa de Intervención Alimentaria, Nutricional y Metabólica Hospital System for Continuous Education in Food and Nutrition: Its place within a Nutritional, Food and Metabolic Intervention Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Santana Porbén

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta una propuesta de diseño de un SHECAN Sistema hospitalario de Educación continuada en Alimentación y Nutrición, junto con el modelo de intervención desarrollado y conducido en el Hospital Clínico quirúrgico "Hermanos Ameijeiras" (La Habana, Cuba, y algunos de los resultados observados entre 1997-2004. El diseño del Sistema debe contemplar tres niveles de complejidad, en dependencia de los conocimientos, habilidades y capacidades exhibidos por los actores hospitalarios. El sistema también debe acomodar formas intra- e interdisciplinarias de educación, aprendizaje y capacitación orientadas tanto a incrementar la suficiencia de los actores en el reconocimiento y tratamiento de la desnutrición hospitalaria, como fomentar la actuación grupal. La operación de un SHECAN en el hospital de pertenencia de los autores ha demostrado la factibilidad de la conducción de tales intervenciones educativas en aras de implementar las Buenas Prácticas de Alimentación y Nutrición del paciente hospitalizado.A design proposal for a HCEFN Hospital Continuous Education in Feeding and Nutrition, along with the educational intervention model developed and conducted at the "Hermanos Ameijieras" Hospital (Havana City, Cuba, and some of the results obtained after its implementation between 1997-2004, are presented in this article. The System design should include three levels of different and increasing complexity, depending on the level of knowledge, capabilities and aptitudes exhibited by hospital actors. The described system should also accommodate inter- and intra-disciplinary forms of education, learning and training aimed not only to increase the proficiency of actors in the recognition and treatment of hospital malnutrition, but also to foster group performance. The operation of a HCEFN at the hospital of the authors's affiliation has showed the feasibility of conducting such educational interventions oriented to foster

  16. Influences of Constructivist-Oriented Nutrition Education on Urban Middle School Students' Nutrition Knowledge, Self-Efficacy, and Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCaughtry, Nate; Fahlman, Mariane; Martin, Jeffrey J.; Shen, Bo

    2011-01-01

    Background: Health professionals are looking to nutrition-based youth health interventions in K-12 schools to combat the growing obesity crisis; however, none have explored the influences of interventions guided by constructivist learning theory. Purpose: This study examined the influences of a constructivist-oriented nutrition education program…

  17. [Nutrition for diabetic patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schindler, Karin; Brix, Johanna; Dämon, Sabine; Hoppichler, Friedrich; Kruschitz, Renate; Toplak, Hermann; Ludvik, Bernhard

    2016-04-01

    Evidence demonstrates that medical diabetes treatment has to be accompanied by lifestyle modifications. Structured nutrition interventions and increased physical activity will help patients to normalise, respectively maintain their body weight. The main target of a diabetes therapy is aimed at achieving normal or nearly normal blood glucose levels. Reaching this goal may be facilitated by the following nutritional patterns: Using mainly carbohydrates from vegetables, whole grains, legumes and fruits, Restriction of mono- and disaccharides are often important factors in normalising body weight and blood glucose, Reduction of dietary fat could be indicated. However, the primary goal is the limitation of saturated fatty acids which to high percentage are consumed with animal products. There is not sufficient evidence to recommend a dietary protein consumption of more than 20% of energy intake. Individuals with diabetes should be aware of the importance of acquiring daily vitamin and mineral requirements. Natural food sources should be preferred. PMID:27052240

  18. Canadian perspectives on the nutrition care process and international dietetics and nutrition terminology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkins, Marlis; Basualdo-Hammond, Carlota; Hotson, Brenda

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to outline benefits of adoption of the Nutrition Care Process (NCP) and International Dietetics and Nutrition Terminology (IDNT) by Canadian dietitians, discuss implementation considerations for broad-based action and change, and determine future directions. The NCP and IDNT are recommended by the International Confederation of Dietetic Associations for international adoption as a framework for dietetic practice. The NCP uses a client-centred framework to clarify the role of registered dietitians (RDs), nutrition practice elements and skills, and the environments in which RDs practice. It also incorporates an evaluation framework, including identification of specific goals and monitoring of clinical and behavioural outcomes, to improve the quality and effectiveness of nutrition care. The process helps RDs to identify interventions that are more likely to improve nutrition outcomes by providing a systematic approach that encourages critical thinking and problem-solving. IDNT provides a standard set of core nutrition care terms and definitions for the four steps of the nutrition care process: assessment, nutrition diagnosis, intervention, and monitoring/evaluation. Use of IDNT promotes uniform documentation of nutrition care, enables differentiation of the type and amount of nutrition care provided, and provides a basis for linking nutrition care activities with actual or predicted outcomes. To continue to advance the dietetic profession in the Canadian health system, RDs must demonstrate their value by highlighting population, group, and individual health outcomes that are most influenced by the RD. The NCP and IDNT will help dietitians achieve these goals.

  19. Programa de intervenção nutricional associado à atividade física: discurso de idosas obesas Nutritional intervention program associated with physical activity: discourse of obese elderly women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiane Leite Cavalcanti

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available A obesidade é um problema nutricional complexo, com dimensões sociais e psicológicas, que afeta indivíduos de todas as idades. Além de apresentar fatores de risco para algumas doenças, pode interferir na qualidade de vida do idoso. Este estudo exploratório de natureza qualitativa investigou o discurso de idosas obesas quanto à participação em um programa de intervenção nutricional associado à atividade física. Participaram da pesquisa dezoito idosas obesas, inseridas em Centros de Referência e Cidadania do município de João Pessoa (PB. Para a coleta de dados, foi utilizada a técnica da entrevista a partir de um roteiro que contemplou a questão norteadora pertinente ao objetivo da investigação. Os dados obtidos foram analisados mediante a técnica de discurso do sujeito coletivo (DSC. Do DSC emergiram as seguintes ideias centrais: mudanças no estilo de vida, no hábito alimentar, na saúde e na autoestima. As ideias centrais refletem a valorização do referido programa para a promoção da saúde do grupo de idosas participantes do estudo. Espera-se que esta proposta possa subsidiar novas investigações na área da saúde do idoso.Obesity is a complex nutritional problem with social and psychological dimensions, which affects individuals of all ages. In addition to presenting risk factors for some diseases, obesity may interfere with the quality of life of the elderly. This qualitative study of an exploratory nature investigated the discourse of obese elderly women regarding their participation in a nutritional intervention program associated with physical activity. Eighteen obese elderly women attending Centers of Reference and Citizenship in the city of João Pessoa, state of Paraiba, Brazil were enlisted in the study. Interviews using a series of questions that addressed the core issue pertaining to the scope of the study was the technique used for data collection. The data obtained were analyzed by the collective

  20. Implementation of a nutrition education program in a handball team: consequences on nutritional status

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Molina-López; José Manuel Molina; Luis Javier Chirosa; Daniela Florea; Laura Sáez; Jorge Jiménez; Paloma Planells; Antonio Pérez de la Cruz; Elena Planells

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate nutritional status and dietary habits after implementation of a nutritional education program in professional handball players. Research methods and procedures: Longitudinal study of 14 handball players evaluated with 72-h recall, a questionnaire on food consumption and anthropometric measures during 4 months. The intervention consisted of a nutrition education program. Results: Energy intake was consistently below the recommended allowances. Macronutrient intakes as a ...

  1. Can transfer programs be made more nutrition sensitive?:

    OpenAIRE

    Alderman, Harold

    2014-01-01

    Malnutrition can best be addressed by a combination of nutrition specific interventions and nutrition sensitive programs, including social protection. This study reviews mechanisms of transfer program in order to better design nutrition sensitive social protection. Social protection programs typically increase income as well as influence the timing and, to a degree, control of this income. Additionally, social protection programs may achieve further impact on nutrition by fostering linkages w...

  2. Nutrition and orthomolecular supplementation in lung cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos, Diana; Austerlitz, Carlos; Allison, Ron R; Póvoa, Helion; Sibata, Claudio

    2009-12-01

    This article reviews updates and provides some data related to nutritional and orthomolecular supplementation in oncology patients with an emphasis on lung cancer, a commonly diagnosed tumor with significant nutritional disturbances. Cancer and its treatment play a significant role in nutritional imbalance which likely has negative impact on the patient both in terms of quality and quantity of life. Nutritional supplementation may correct these imbalances with significant clinical benefit both physiologically and psychologically. This review will help assist in providing clinically useful data to assess the cancer patient's nutritional status and to guide nutritional intervention to assist these patients' recovery. PMID:20042413

  3. Semantic Predicate Types and Approximation for Class-based Object Oriented Programming

    CERN Document Server

    van Bakel, Steffen

    2011-01-01

    We apply the principles of the intersection type discipline to the study of class-based object oriented programs and; our work follows from a similar approach (in the context of Abadi and Cardelli's Varsigma-object calculus) taken by van Bakel and de'Liguoro. We define an extension of Featherweight Java, FJc and present a predicate system which we show to be sound and expressive. We also show that our system provides a semantic underpinning for the object oriented paradigm by generalising the concept of approximant from the Lambda Calculus and demonstrating an approximation result: all expressions to which we can assign a predicate have an approximant that satisfies the same predicate. Crucial to this result is the notion of predicate language, which associates a family of predicates with a class.

  4. Economic and Nutritional Analyses Offer Substantial Synergies for Understanding Human Nutrition1

    OpenAIRE

    Alderman, Harold; Behrman, Jere R.; Hoddinott, John

    2007-01-01

    There is growing recognition that interventions designed to improve human nutritional status have, in addition to their intrinsic value, instrumental value in terms of economic outcomes. In many cases, productivity gains alone provide sufficient economic returns to justify investments using benefit and cost criteria. The often-held belief that nutrition programs are welfare interventions that divert resources that could be better used in other ways to raise national incomes is incorrect. Many...

  5. Effect of nutritional intervention on tolerance and quality of life in cervical cancer patients receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy%营养干预对宫颈癌患者同步放化疗耐受性及生活质量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张臖; 杨金香; 王峻峰; 严芳; 殷铁军

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨营养干预对宫颈癌患者同步放化疗耐受性及生活质量(QOL)的影响。方法:将86例宫颈癌患者随机分为营养干预组和对照组,观察两组患者的放疗中断率、化疗完成次数及放疗剂量达40Gy 时生活质量评分情况。结果:营养干预组的放疗中断率为2.3%(1/43),对照组为18.6%(8/43),P =0.03;营养干预组完成化疗周期数为4.0±0.98,对照组为3.3±1.28,P =0.005;放射剂量达40Gy 时两组患者 QOL评分的差异有统计学意义(P <0.01)。结论:营养干预能有效提高宫颈癌患者同步放化疗的耐受性,提高其生活质量。%Objective:To investigate the effect of nutritional intervention on tolerance and quality of life in cervical cancer patients receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy.Methods:All 86 cervical cancer patients receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy were randomly divided into the nutritional intervention group (n =43)and the control group (n =43).To observe the radiotherapy interruption rates and the completed chemotherapy cycles.The quality of life when patients received radiotherapy dosages to 40Gy were detected by EORTC QLQ -C30.Results:The radiotherapy inter-ruption rates of the nutritional intervention group and the control group were 2.3%(1 /43)and 18.6%(8 /43),P =0.03.The completed chemotherapy cycles of the nutritional intervention group and the control group were 4.0 ±0.98 and 3.3 ±1.28,P =0.005.The quality of life when patients received radiotherapy dosages to 40Gy had significantly different scores between the two groups (P <0.05).Conclusion:Nutritional intervention can effectively improve the tolerance and quality of life in cervical cancer patients receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy.

  6. Programas de Intervención en Nutrición Hospitalaria: Acciones, diseño, componentes, implementación Intervention programs in hospital nutrition: actions, design, components and implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Santana Porbén

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Los Programas de Intervención Alimentaria, Nutrimental y Metabólica deben constituirse en la herramienta metodológica para el enfrentamiento del problema de salud que representa la desnutrición asociada a las enfermedades por un lado, y las "malas prácticas" atentatorias contra el estado nutricional del paciente, por el otro. Estos Programas deben prescribir políticas y acciones claras en los 3 dominios de la práctica médica contemporánea: asistencial, investigativa y educativa. El logro de los objetivos de tales Programas, y la realización de los beneficios implícitos, sólo será posible si se crea una plataforma metodológica que integre armónicamente elementos de Educación Continuada, Análisis de Costos, Documentación y Registros, y Control y Aseguramiento de la Calidad. La experiencia acumulada después de la implementación y conducción del Programa de Intervención en el Hospital Clínico-Quirúrgico "Hermanos Ameijeiras" (Ciudad Habana, Cuba ha permitido demostrar que no sólo es posible crear el cuerpo teórico-práctico necesario para satisfacer los objetivos enunciados, sino que, además, puede ser extendido hacia otras instituciones de salud del país, por cuanto inversiones mínimas en la adquisición de la logística necesaria para echar a andar el Programa, así como para la capacitación y entrenamiento del personal médico y paramédico en las correspondientes Buenas Prácticas de Documentación & Registros y de Alimentación & Nutrición, pueden redundar rápidamente en beneficios asistenciales y económicos tangibles.Metabolic, Nutrient and Feeding Intervention Programs must become the methodological tool for dealing with the health problem posed by disease-associated-malnutrition on one side, and the "Bad Practices" affecting the nutritional status of the patient, on the other one. Programs like these ones should prescribe clear policies and actions in the three domains of contemporary medical practice

  7. 个体化营养干预对孕妇孕期体质量增长及妊娠结局的影响%Effect of individualized nutritional intervention on body weight gaining during pregnancy and pregnant outcome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭美英; 李玉梅; 刘冬菊

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the effects of individualized nutrition intervention on body weight gaining and pregnant outcome in normal pregnant women. Methods Two hundred and twelve normal pregnant women admitted in our hospital before the 12th gestational week were divided into the observation group and the control group. Eighty-eight pregnant women admitted between October 2013 and January 2014 were assigned into the observation group and another 124 pregnant women admitted between June 2013 and September 2013 into the control group. The observation group was given nutrition assessment and nutritional guidance one by one and face to face by the nutritionist at three time points:around the 12 thgestational week, between the 22nd to 24th gestational week, and between the 32nd to 34th gestational week. The control group was given regular antenatal visits and lectures during pregnancy. These two groups were followed up until delivery. The comparisons were down between the groups in terms of body weight gain and complications during pregnancy, delivery mode and the change of perinatal fetus outcome. Results In the observation group, the body weight gaining of the pregnant women during pregnancy, the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and the cesarean section rate were significantly lower than those of the control group (all P<0.05). The neonatal birth weight and the incidence of macrosomia were significantly lower than those of the control group (all P<0.05). Conclusion Individualized nutritional intervention given by the nutritionist can control body weight gaining during pregnancy, decrease the incidence of GDM, improve the pregnancy outcome and ensure the maternal and child health.%目的:探讨个体化营养干预对孕妇孕期体质量增长及妊娠结局的影响。方法选取2013年6月~2014年1月于12 w前后在本院建卡的212例正常孕妇作为研究对象,2013年6月~2013年9月的124例设为对照组,2013年10月~2014年1

  8. Minimal nutrition intervention with high-protein/low-carbohydrate and low-fat, nutrient-dense food supplement improves body composition and exercise benefits in overweight adults: A randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cramer Joel T

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Exercise and high-protein/reduced-carbohydrate and -fat diets have each been shown separately, or in combination with an energy-restricted diet to improve body composition and health in sedentary, overweight (BMI > 25 adults. The current study, instead, examined the physiological response to 10 weeks of combined aerobic and resistance exercise (EX versus exercise + minimal nutrition intervention designed to alter the macronutrient profile, in the absence of energy restriction, using a commercially available high-protein/low-carbohydrate and low-fat, nutrient-dense food supplement (EXFS; versus control (CON. Methods Thirty-eight previously sedentary, overweight subjects (female = 19; male = 19 were randomly assigned to either CON (n = 10, EX (n = 14 or EXFS (n = 14. EX and EXFS participated in supervised resistance and endurance training (2× and 3×/wk, respectively; EXFS consumed 1 shake/d (weeks 1 and 2 and 2 shakes/d (weeks 3–10. Results EXFS significantly decreased total energy, carbohydrate and fat intake (-14.4%, -27.2% and -26.7%, respectively; p p p p p p 2max improved in both exercise groups (EX = +5.0% and EXFS = +7.9%; p 2max (+6.2%; p = 0.001. Time-to-exhaustion during treadmill testing increased in EX (+9.8% but was significantly less (p p p Conclusion Absent energy restriction or other dietary controls, provision of a high-protein/low-carbohydrate and -fat, nutrient-dense food supplement significantly, 1 modified ad libitum macronutrient and energy intake (behavior effect, 2 improved physiological adaptations to exercise (metabolic advantage, and 3 reduced the variability of individual responses for fat mass, muscle mass and time-to-exhaustion – all three variables improving in 100% of EXFS subjects.

  9. Personalised nutrition: ready for practice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Roos, Baukje

    2013-02-01

    The efficacy by which dietary interventions influence risk markers of multi-factorial diseases is mainly determined by taking population-based approaches. However, there exists considerable inter-individual variation in response to dietary interventions, and some interventions may benefit certain individuals or population subgroups more than others. This review evaluates the application of nutrigenomic technologies to further the concept of personalised nutrition, as well as the process to take personalised nutrition to the marketplace. The modulation of an individual's response is influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. Many nutrigenetics studies have attempted to explain variability in responses based on a single or a few genotypes so that a genotype may be used to define personalised dietary advice. It has, however, proven very challenging to define an individual's responsiveness to complex diets based on common genetic variations. In addition, there is a limited understanding of what constitutes an optimal response because we lack key health biomarkers and signatures. In conclusion, advances in nutrigenomics will undoubtedly further the understanding of the complex interplay between genotype, phenotype and environment, which are required to enhance the development of personalised nutrition in the future. At the same time, however, issues relating to consumer acceptance, privacy protection as well as marketing and distribution of personalised products need to be addressed before personalised nutrition can become commercially viable. PMID:23199675

  10. Nutrition recommendations and science: next parallel steps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogelholm, Mikael

    2016-03-15

    This article examines nutrition recommendations in relation to developments in nutrition science. Combining data on the genome, metabolome and microbiota is likely to open possibilities for personalized nutrition planning, but we are still far from practical applications. However, even these new steps are unlikely to challenge the role and importance of population-based nutrition recommendations as a tool to promote dietary patterns, policies and public health. Developments in science could help in deriving more benefits from nutrition recommendations. For instance, improved accuracy of dietary intake assessment is needed both for surveillance and for understanding the quantitative interplay between diet and health. Applying metabolomics together with food diaries or questionnaires, and also modern technologies such as digital photography, are potentially interesting methods in this respect. Research on consumer behaviour, attitudes and policy interventions, such as taxation of unhealthy foods and nutrition labelling, are needed to gain more insight into how to change eating behaviour for better health at the population level.

  11. Nutrition recommendations and science: next parallel steps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogelholm, Mikael

    2016-03-15

    This article examines nutrition recommendations in relation to developments in nutrition science. Combining data on the genome, metabolome and microbiota is likely to open possibilities for personalized nutrition planning, but we are still far from practical applications. However, even these new steps are unlikely to challenge the role and importance of population-based nutrition recommendations as a tool to promote dietary patterns, policies and public health. Developments in science could help in deriving more benefits from nutrition recommendations. For instance, improved accuracy of dietary intake assessment is needed both for surveillance and for understanding the quantitative interplay between diet and health. Applying metabolomics together with food diaries or questionnaires, and also modern technologies such as digital photography, are potentially interesting methods in this respect. Research on consumer behaviour, attitudes and policy interventions, such as taxation of unhealthy foods and nutrition labelling, are needed to gain more insight into how to change eating behaviour for better health at the population level. PMID:26531226

  12. Nutritional therapy in cirrhosis or alcoholic hepatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fialla, Annette D; Israelsen, Mads; Hamberg, Ole;

    2015-01-01

    with 329 allocated to enteral (nine trials) or intravenous (four trials) nutrition and 334 controls. All trials were classed as having a high risk of bias. Random-effects meta-analysis showed that nutritional therapy reduced mortality 0.80 (95% CI, 0.64 to 0.99). The result was not confirmed in sequential......BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients with cirrhosis and alcoholic hepatitis are often malnourished and have a superimposed stress metabolism, which increases nutritional demands. We performed a systematic review on the effects of nutritional therapy vs. no intervention for patients with cirrhosis...... or alcoholic hepatitis. METHODS: We included trials on nutritional therapy designed to fulfil at least 75% of daily nutritional demand. Authors extracted data in an independent manner. Random-effects and fixed-effect meta-analyses were performed and the results expressed as risk ratios (RR) with 95% confidence...

  13. Nutrition and Diet

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Thai HbH:Vietnamese Relevant links Living with Thalassemia NUTRITIONNutrition and Diet ▶ Diet for the Non-transfused ... booklet ▶ 3 Simple Suggestions for a Healthy Diet Nutrition and Diet Nutritional deficiencies are common in thalassemia, ...

  14. Diet and Nutrition

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Resources > Diet and Nutrition Go Back Diet and Nutrition Email Print + Share Diet and nutrition concerns of ... you. NEW!! Test your knowledge of diet and nutrition by taking this self-assessment for an opportunity ...

  15. Patenting in the European medical nutrition industry : Trends, opportunities and strategies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weenen, T.C.; Pronker, E.S.; Commandeur, H.R.; Claassen, E.

    2013-01-01

    Medical nutrition products are specific nutritional compositions for intervention in disease progression and symptom alleviation. This industry finds itself on the interface between the food and pharmaceutical industry and is still a relatively unknown industry. At present, insights concerning indus

  16. Metabonomics in neonatal nutrition research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serge Rezzi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Maternal obesity and early post-natal nutrition might associate with increased obesity risk in later life. We have investigated the effect of breastfeeding and infant formulas differing in protein content on the urinary and fecal metabolism of term infants born from overweight and obese mothers using a metabonomic approach. Metabolic differences were observed between breast and formula fed infants both in urine and stool samples. Metabolic profiles of formula fed infants exhibited a distinct metabolic pattern that was associated with the processing of dietary proteins from the host and the gut microbiota. Metabonomics appears as a powerful tool to measure the physiological response to infant formula versus the gold standard breastfeeding. In future, nutritional phenotyping will combine metabonomics and nutritional profiling to study specific nutritional requirements and measure the efficacy of tailored nutritional interventions on growth and development endpoints. It will then open novel opportunities to develop targeted nutritional solutions for health maintenance and disease prevention. Proceedings of the 11th International Workshop on Neonatology and Satellite Meetings · Cagliari (Italy · October 26th-31st, 2015 · From the womb to the adultGuest Editors: Vassilios Fanos (Cagliari, Italy, Michele Mussap (Genoa, Italy, Antonio Del Vecchio (Bari, Italy, Bo Sun (Shanghai, China, Dorret I. Boomsma (Amsterdam, the Netherlands, Gavino Faa (Cagliari, Italy, Antonio Giordano (Philadelphia, USA

  17. Nutrition marketing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Given the obesity epidemic, marketing of non-nutrient dense food has been debated as a policy issue. This research sought to determine how frequently nutrition marketing (health claims, nutrient content claims, or implied claims) is used on labels of foods containing high amounts (>20% daily value) ...

  18. 孕期营养干预及监测对妊娠结局的改善效果评价%Effect of pregnancy nutrition intervention and monitoring on pregnancy outcomes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海燕; 张国荣; 刘新荣; 张晶

    2016-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effect of pregnancy nutrition intervention and monitoring on pregnancy outcomes.Methods Totally 416 pregnant women from January 2010 to January 2013 were completely randomly divided into observation group and control group,208 cases in each group.The observation group was given nutrition intervention and monitoring;the control group was given routine pregnancy examination.The nutrient intakes were monitored,the pregnancy outcomes and the complications were compared.Results The protein and fat intakes at late pregnancy in observation group were significantly lower than those in control group,the carbohydrate intake was significantly higher than that in contorl group [(80 ± 7) g vs (97 ± 10) g,(68 ± 20) g vs (88 ±24) g,(364 ±47) g vs (321 ±70) g] (P <0.05).The body weight gain at 12-40 weeks of pregnancy in observation group was lower than that in control group [(5.4 ± 1.3) kg vs (5.7 ± 1.3) kg],the incidence of fetal macrosomia was significantly lower than that in control group [5.8% (12/208) vs 15.9% (33/208)] (all P <O.05).Anemia occurred to 24 cases (11.5%) at late pregnancy in observation group,while control group had 30 cases (14.4%),there was no statistically significant difference of the incidence of anemia between groups (x2 =0.766,P =0.381).In observation group,the level of hemoglobin was significantly higher [(125 ± 4)g/Lvs (124 ± 4) g/L] (t =2.412,P =0.017) and the incidence of pregnancy-induced hypertension was significantly lower than those in control group [O.5% (1/208) vs 3.8% (8/208)] (P < 0.05).Conclusions Inappropnate energy and nutrient intakes during pregnancy may cause gestational hypertension,gestational diabetes mellitus,low birth weight infant,fetal macrosomia and other adverse pregnancy outcomes.Pregnancy nutrition monitoring should be considered to reduce the incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes.%目的 评价孕期营养干预及监测对妊娠结局的改善效果.方法 选取2010

  19. Class-Based Constraint-Based Routing with Implemented Fuzzy Logic in MPLS-TE Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Pištek

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with constraint-based routing (CBR in MPLS-TE networks and proposes a new CBR algorithm based on fuzzy logic called Fuzzy Class-Based Algorithm (FCBA. Multiprotocol label switching with traffic engineering (MPLS-TE networks represent a popular mechanism to effectively use resources of service providers’ core networks. The paths can be either built by administrators (explicit routing or built by using existing routing algorithms which mostly decide based on the shortest paths towards the destination which might not be sufficient in nowadays’ multimedia networks. To address this problem various CBR algorithms have emerged which take into consideration various aspects important to existing traffic like QoS parameters or administrative policies. FCBA makes routing decisions based on traffic classes and by using fuzzy logic we can assign normalized values to various constraints based on the traffic class’ preferences (e.g., low delay paths for voice traffic and network administrator’s preferences (e.g., avoiding congested links. The paper provides comparison of FCBA with existing CBR approaches based on their ability to provide QoS parameters loss. The simulations show that FCBA provides the best results for the highest priority traffic where it uses lower priority traffic to efficiently utilize the network.

  20. Study on the Class-Based Admission Control Scheme for DiffServ in MPLS Networks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李震宇; 张中兆

    2003-01-01

    Differentiated services (DiffServ) and MPLS are two major building blocks for providing multi-class services over IP networks. In order to respond to the need for relatively simple, coarse methods of providing different levels of service for Internet traffic, to support various types of applications and specific business requirements, the MPLS network infrastructure and the DiffServ traffic model will work together. Meanwhile, in today's environment of multiple service networks, it is necessary for the node in the networks to perform the control mechanism to guarantee various QoS. In this paper, we propose a class-based admission control scheme that is suitable for DiffServ in MPLS networks. This scheme can achieve twofold objects: reliable QoS provisioning and high resource utilization. We evaluate the proposed scheme by numerical analysis of its performance in terms of throughput, delay, and reject probability. By performing simulation, we can ensure that the proposed scheme can work efficiently to provide strict QoS guarantees.

  1. Nutritional Problems and Intervention Strategies in Haiti

    OpenAIRE

    Asumadu-Sarkodie, Samuel

    2012-01-01

    Haiti is a country in the Caribbean Sea. It includes the western third of the island of Hispaniola and smaller islands such as; Tortue (Tortuga), Grande Caye, and Vache. The capital is Port-au-Prince. Haiti, whose population is almost entirely descended from African slaves, won independence from France in 1804, making it the second country in the Americas, after the United States, to free itself from colonial rule. Over the centuries, however, economic, political, and social difficulties have...

  2. Nutritional Problems and Intervention Strategies in India

    OpenAIRE

    Asumadu-Sarkodie, Samuel

    2012-01-01

    India, officially the Republic of India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area. it is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Burma and Bangladesh to the east. The major religions are Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. India has a total population of 1,198,003,000, a gr...

  3. Nutritional Interventions for Cancer-induced Cachexia

    OpenAIRE

    Gullett, Norleena P.; Mazurak, Vera; Hebbar, Gautam; Ziegler, Thomas R

    2011-01-01

    Cancer-induced cachexia remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in cancer treatment. Cancer research and development continues at an aggressive pace and yet a degree of cancer-induced cachexia is experienced by up to 80% of advanced stage cancer patients. Unfortunately, there are no established treatment regimens for this condition. Weight loss and fatigue consistently appear in patient oncologic histories and progress notes. However, few oncologists fully understand the pathol...

  4. The challenges for molecular nutrition research 2: Quantification of the nutritional phenotype

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ommen, B. van; Keijer, J.; Kleemann, R.; Elliott, R.; Drevon, C.A.; McArdle, H.; Gibney, M.; Müller, M.

    2008-01-01

    In quantifying the beneficial effect of dietary interventions in healthy subjects, nutrition research meets a number of new challenges. Inter individual variation in biomarker values often is larger than the effect related to the intervention. Healthy subjects have a remarkable capacity to maintain

  5. Study on change of behavioral stages on nutritional intervention in farmers%阶段转变理论模型在农民人群中营养干预行为中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静; 潘怡; 杨溢; 王卓; 李威

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨阶段转变理论模型在农民人群中开展"多吃蔬菜水果、少吃盐"的营养干预行为研究上的应用,评估其行为阶段转变的效果.方法 选取干预与对照农民各500余人,对调查对象统一进行基线调查和干预一年后的评估调查;根据基线调查数据,按阶段转变理论模型对其多吃蔬菜水果行为的接受程度划分为五个阶段,对干预组农民及不同阶段人群开展营养干预活动,试验后应用此模型评估两组行为阶段的改变.结果 应用阶段转变理论模型分析,干预后,干预组农民的多吃蔬菜水果的健康行为阶段前移,其准备期、行动期、维持期阶段人群比例分别增加了15.1%、20.7%和16.1%;农民的营养知识知晓率,每天蔬菜、水果的摄入量,叶酸、尿钾水平随着行为阶段的上升逐渐增加,而食盐摄入量,舒张压、同型半胱氨酸、尿钠水平随着行为阶段的上升而逐渐降低(P<0.05).结论 应用阶段转变理论模型对农民进行营养干预,农民多吃蔬菜水果行为发生了由无打算阶段转变为行动、维持阶段的变化,取得了行为阶段前移或上升的直观干预效果;处在行动、维持高阶段的人群确实要比低阶段的人群具有较高的营养知识水平、积极的健康信念和态度、健康的膳食行为、较低的慢性疾病危险因素水平,体现了该模型分析人们知-信-行在不同阶段转变的可应用性.%Objective To explore the applying stages of change model on nutrition intervention on “eating more vegetables and fruits, eating less salt” in farmers, and evaluate the change of behavioral stages. Methods The questionnaires were used to do baseline and evaluation survey on 500 farmers in trial group and control group respectively. Applying stages of change model to divide farmers into five stages according to their behavior of eating more vegetables and fruits. The intervention ways were used in trial

  6. Nutrition in neurocritical care

    OpenAIRE

    Afzal Azim; Armin Ahmed

    2016-01-01

    Adequate nutritional therapy is essential for recovery from critical illness. Nutritional requirement varies in different patients and varies daily in a single patient. Both under and over feeding are associated with complications. Besides this, not all patients behave in a similar way to nutritional therapy. Appropriate nutritional therapy requires identification of patients “at nutritional risk” and providing aggressive nutritional support to them. The current article deals with nutritional...

  7. Nutritional Biochemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Scott M.

    2010-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews some of the effects that space flight has on humans nutritional biochemistry. Particular attention is devoted to the study of protein breakdown, inflammation, hypercatabolism, omega 3 fatty acids, vitamin D, calcium, urine, folate and nutrient stability of certain vitamins, the fluid shift and renal stone risk, acidosis, iron/hematology, and the effects on bone of dietary protein, potassium. inflammation, and omega-3 fatty acids

  8. Nutritional Rickets

    OpenAIRE

    Özkan, Behzat

    2010-01-01

    Nutritional rickets (NR) is still the most common form of growing bone disease despite the efforts of health care providers to reduce the incidence of the disease. Today, it is well known that the etiology of NR ranges from isolated vitamin D deficiency (VDD) to isolated calcium deficiency. In Turkey, almost all NR cases result from VDD. Recent evidence suggests that in addition to its short− or long−term effects on skeletal development, VDD during infancy may predispose the patient to diseas...

  9. 营养保健知识宣教对妇女产褥期知识、行为干预效果研究%Effect of Nutrition and Health Education Intervention on Knowledge and Behavior of Women in Puerperium:a Randomized Controlled Trial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍圆圆; 马爱国; 刘群英; 王飞燕; 宫蕾蕾; 韩君; 梁惠

    2012-01-01

    目的:评价营养保健知识宣教对妇女产褥期营养保健知识认知、饮食行为的效果.方法:选择青岛市孕晚期妇女作为研究对象,随机分为干预组和对照组,对干预组对象进行营养保健知识宣教.结果:干预组对象大部分营养保健知识的知晓率显著高于对照组,干预组对象从医务人员、书刊杂志获得营养保健知识的发生率(83.1%、72.3%)显著高于对照组对象(65.2%、56.0%);干预组对象薯类、鱼类、豆制品、绿叶蔬菜、坚果,膳食纤维、烟酸、钙、维生素C的每日摄入量显著高于对照组,蛋类,胆固醇的摄入量显著低于对照组.结论:针对性强的营养保健知识教育能明显提高产褥期妇女知识水平,促进健康的饮食行为,因此应推广有针对性的营养保健知识宣教.%Objective:To investigate the effect of the knowledge of nutrition and health education intervention on improving postpartum knowledge and behavior.Methods:The subjects,the late pregnancy women of Qingdao,were randomly divided into intervention group and control group.The objects of intervention group had accepted the education of nutritional and health knowledge.Results:The awareness rate of most nutritional health knowledge of the intervention group was significantly higher than those in the control group.The intervention group subjects from medical staff,books and magazines for nutrition and health knowledge (83.1%,72.3%) were significantly higher than those in the control group (65.2%,56%).Women in the intervention group object had intaked more potato,fish,soy products,green leafy vegetables,nuts,dietary fiber,niacin,calcium and vitamin C and lower egg,cholesterolthan those in control group.Conclusion:Targeted nutritional health education can improve the knowledge level of puerperal women and promote healthy dietary behavior.Therefore,targeted nutritional health and knowledge education should be promoted.

  10. A clinical approach to the nutritional care process in protein-energy wasting hemodialysis patients

    OpenAIRE

    Mar Ruperto; Sánchez-Muniz, Francisco J; Guillermina Barril

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Malnutrition/wasting/cachexia are complex-disease conditions that frequently remain undiagnosed and/or untreated in up to 75% of prevalent hemodialysis (HD) patients. The nutrition care process (NCP) based on assessment, diagnosis, intervention and monitoring of nutritional status is a systematic method that nutrition professionals use to make decisions in clinical practice. Objective: This review examines from a clinical-nutritional practice point of view: a) nutritional status...

  11. Effects of Nutritional Support in Patients with Colorectal Cancer during Chemotherapy

    OpenAIRE

    Dobrila Dintinjana, Renata; Guina, Tina; Krznarić, Željko; Radić, Mladen; Dintinjana, Marijan

    2008-01-01

    Nutritional support, addressing the specific needs of this patient group, is required to help improve prognosis, and reduce the consequences of cancer-associated nutritional decline. Early intervention with nutritional supplementation has been shown to halt malnutrition, and may improve outcome in some patients. In our study we tried to assess the influence of nutritional support (counseling, oral liquids, megestrol acetate) on nutritional status and symptoms prevalence in patients ...

  12. Fibromyalgia and nutrition: what news?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, Alessandra; Di Lollo, Anna Chiara; Guzzo, Maria Paola; Giacomelli, Camillo; Atzeni, Fabiola; Bazzichi, Laura; Di Franco, Manuela

    2015-01-01

    Fibromyalgia syndrome (FM) is a chronic, generalised pain condition usually accompanied by several associated symptoms, such as fatigue, sleep disturbance, headache, irritable bowel syndrome and mood disorders. Different medical treatments are used to treat fibromyalgia and the recent guidelines suggest that the optimal treatment consists in a multidisciplinary approach with a combination of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment modalities. Among non-pharmacological treatment, nutrition is a promising tool for FM patients. The aim of this review is to update the present knowledge about fibromyalgia and nutrition by means of a systematic search performed on Medline from January 2000 to December 2014. Nutritional deficiencies have been described in FM patients and the benefits of specific diet and nutritional supplementation are shown. Obesity and overweight, often present in FM patients, are related to the severity of FM worsening the quality of life in terms of higher pain, fatigue, worsened sleep quality and higher incidence of mood disorders. Weight control is thus an effective tool to improve the symptoms. Moreover, it seems reasonable to eliminate some foods from the diet of FM patients, for example excitotoxins. Non-coeliac gluten sensitivity is increasingly recognised as a frequent condition with similar manifestations which overlap with those of FM. The elimination of gluten from the diet of FM patients is recently becoming a potential dietary intervention for clinical improvement. In summary, this review reveals the potential benefit of specific dietary interventions as non-pharmacological tools as part of a multidisciplinary treatment for FM patients.

  13. Nutrition education improves serum retinol concentration among adolescent school girls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanerolle, Pulani; Atukorala, Sunethra

    2006-01-01

    Dietary diversification has been identified as a sustainable intervention method in developing countries where subclinical vitamin A deficiency exists. Nutrition education is central to all methods of nutrition intervention including dietary diversification. The paucity of available data currently limits the effective use of nutrition education in national programs in Sri Lanka. We assessed the effect of nutrition education on nutrition related knowledge, food consumption patterns and serum retinol concentrations among 229 adolescent school girls, aged between 15-19 years. Knowledge on nutrition, food consumption patterns and serum retinol concentration was assessed at baseline. Intervention included nutrition education as lecture discussions, interactive group discussions and four different methods of reinforcement. Knowledge, food consumption patterns and serum retinol concentrations were reassessed after a ten week period of intervention. Educational intervention resulted in a significant increase in knowledge (P nutrition education on serum retinol concentration was highly significant (PNutrition education was effective in improving knowledge and food consumption patterns among these girls. Effectiveness was of biological significance, as a positive change in serum retinol concentration was observed in subjects with initially low concentrations, and not in subjects with initially normal serum concentrations.

  14. 三维一体教育改善农村产褥期妇女膳食营养与生活行为效果分析%Effect of Nutrition and Health Education Intervention on Rural Women's Postpartum Beliefs and Practices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈琳琳; 胡迎芬; 梁惠; 李岩岩; 梁欣; 江佃臣; 马爱国

    2012-01-01

    目的:评价三维一体宣教对妇女产褥期营养保健知识认知、饮食行为的干预效果.方法:针对影响产褥期妇女膳食营养与健康的主要因素,提出妇幼保健机构指导下的“产妇-家庭-社区”三维一体膳食营养干预策略.选择某农村孕晚期妇女作为研究对象,随机分为干预组和对照组,两组均接受基本常规的孕产妇卫生保健知识宣传,对干预组对象进行专门的三维一体营养保健知识宣教.结果:干预组对象营养保健知识的知晓率显著高于对照组,干预组对象奶类、鱼类、蔬菜、水果的每日摄入量显著高于对照组,干预组蛋类的摄入量是194.51g/天显著低于对照组的298.2g/天(P<0.05).干预组完全母乳喂养的比例是74.4%,显著高于对照组的59.5%(P<0.05).房间每天通风的发生率干预组是67.8%,明显高于对照组的54.3%(P<0.05).结论:推广三维一体营养保健知识宣教,多途径、针对性强的宣教方法能有效提高妇女营养保健知识水平,并改善其产褥期饮食、行为及健康状况.%Objective:To investigate the effect of the knowledge of nutrition and health education intervention on improving postpartum beliefs and practices.Methods:The study design was a randomized controlled trial conducted in a rural area of shandong,the late pregnancy women were randomly divided into intervention group and control group.Both of them accepted the basic knowledge of pregnant women health.The objects of intervention group had accepted the special education of nutritional and health knowledge.Results:The awareness rate of most nutritional health knowledge of the intervention group was significantly higher than those in the control group.Women in the intervention group had more milk,fish,vegetables and less fruit than than those in control group.Besides,women in the intervention group had fewer eggs (194.51 g/d) than those in control group 298.2 g/d (P<0.05).The

  15. Aging, Nutritional Status and Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilma Leslie

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The older population is increasing worldwide and in many countries older people will outnumber younger people in the near future. This projected growth in the older population has the potential to place significant burdens on healthcare and support services. Meeting the diet and nutrition needs of older people is therefore crucial for the maintenance of health, functional independence and quality of life. While many older adults remain healthy and eat well those in poorer health may experience difficulties in meeting their nutritional needs. Malnutrition, encompassing both under and over nutrition increases health risks in the older population. More recently the increase in obesity, and in turn the incidence of chronic disease in older adults, now justifies weight management interventions in obese older adults. This growing population group is becoming increasingly diverse in their nutritional requirements. Micro-nutrient status may fluctuate and shortfalls in vitamin D, iron and a number of other nutrients are relatively common and can impact on well-being and quality of life. Aging presents a number of challenges for the maintenance of good nutritional health in older adults.

  16. Childhood Obesity Study: A Pilot Study of the Effect of the Nutrition Education Program "Color My Pyramid"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Jean Burley; Pawloski, Lisa Renee; Goldberg, Patricia; Oh, Kyeung Mi; Stoehr, Ana; Baghi, Heibatollah

    2009-01-01

    The need for successful nutrition interventions is critical as the prevalence of childhood obesity increases. Thus, this pilot project examines the effect of a nutrition education program, "Color My Pyramid", on children's nutrition knowledge, self-care practices, activity levels, and nutrition status. Using a pretest-posttest, quasiexperimental…

  17. 河南某高校大学生营养KAP调查及干预效果%Nutrition KAP survey and evaluation of intervention effect of college students in Henan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙锦峰; 李星; 胡小靖; 张骏; 史健翔; 陈帅印; 时宝庆

    2011-01-01

    Aim:To know the nutrition knowledge, attitude and eating behavior of students on campus, evaluate the effect of nutrition education,and provide the basis for nutrition education. Methods; A total of 525 college students of a certain university in Henan province were recruited. The nutrition KAP survey was carried out. And professional nutrition education was conducted to 79 of the students that were randomly selected. Results: Nutrition knowledge of campus students was at average,and the awareness of nutrition was good, but there were bad eating behaviors. Dietary behaviors of students couples were influenced by each other, and most showed the positive influence. Girls' nutrition knowledge scores were higher than boys' ( t = 3. 077 , P = 0. 001 ) , and graduate and undergraduate students showed no difference in nutrition knowledge scores(t = 1.342.P =0. 180). After professional nutrition education, nutrition knowledge, awareness and eating behavior scores significantly improved (t =5.647 and 2. 802,P<0.05). Conclusion;The breadth and depth of nutritional knowledge that college students mastered are insufficient, eating behavior is not scientific,and college students should take various forms of nutrition knowledge and dietary behavior guide. Nutrition education for the students is effective.%目的:了解在校大学生的营养知识、态度及饮食行为(营养KAP),评价营养教育的效果,为开展大学生营养教育提供依据.方法:采用自编调查问卷,对河南某高校525名在校大学生进行营养KAP调查,并选取其中一个专业的79名学生进行营养教育.结果:在校大学生掌握的营养知识情况为一般;对营养的认知程度良好;但存在不良的饮食行为,大学生情侣的饮食行为相互影响,并且大部分呈现的是积极的影响;女生营养知识得分高于男生(t =3.077,P=0.001),研究生和本科生的营养知识得分无差异(t=1.342,P=0.180).经营养教育后大学生的营养知识、对

  18. 2014年上海市杨浦区社区老年2型糖尿病患者营养干预效果研究%Nutritional intervention on T2 DMs in Community of Yangpu District in Shanghai (2014)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘琳; 叶苗凉; 韩雪

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨社区老年2型糖尿病患者的营养干预措施和干预效果,以便更有效控制糖尿病的发展. 方法 分别从2个社区的各1个居委中随机抽取已确诊的非住院2型糖尿病患者作为干预组( 130例) ,同样的方法抽取对照组(130例) ,两组在性别、年龄上匹配. 干预组除给予药物治疗外还采取膳食指导、健康教育、营养干预等措施,对照组为单纯药物治疗组. 用成组t检验对资料进行处理. 结果 干预前两组糖尿病人群有共同的饮食习惯.采取营养干预措施后干预组与对照组比较,膳食结构有所改善. 餐后血糖、总胆固醇、低密度脂蛋白、空腹血糖、三酰甘油、糖化血红蛋白均有显著降低,高密度脂蛋白升高(P<0.05). 结论 营养干预能有效地改善2型糖尿病患者的糖代谢水平及其危险因素.%Objective To investigate the effect of nutritional intervention on elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in community, so as to control T2DMs more effectively and improve the patients'life quality and prolong their life span. Methods The intervention group (130 cases) with a definite diagnosis of T2DM were included from one neighborhood of two communities respectively.So were the control group (130) by the same approach.The two groups were matched in sex and age.In addition to medical treatment, the intervention group was given diet guide, nutritional education, nutritional intervention and so on and the control group was given drug treatment alone.The data obtained was analyzed by group t test. Results The cases in the two groups had the same diet habit before intervention.After intervention, as compared with the control group, the intervention group had the diet constitution improved; and it was found that the blood sugar 2 hours after meal, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol,fasting plasma glucose, total triglyceride and HbAlc were significantly lower, high

  19. Effect of an intervention with physical exercise and nutritional guidance on the components of the metabolic syndrome among young people with overweight = Efecto de una intervención con ejercicio físico y orientación nutricional sobre componentes del síndrome metabólico en jóvenes con exceso de peso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patiño Villada, Fredy Alonso

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Interventions with physical exercise and nutritional guidance show changes in overweight among young people suffering from the metabolic syndrome (MS; nevertheless, their characteristics and results vary. Objective: To assess the effect of an intervention with physical exercise and nutritional guidance on components of the MS among overweighted young people.Materials and methods: Longitudinal study with an assessment before and another after the intervention in nine young people aged 11 to 17 years. Anthropometric aspects, resting heart rate, peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak, insulinemia, HOMA, and components of the MS were assessed. Intervention consisted of 12 weeks of supervised exercise, three 90-minute sessions/week (aerobic and strength, plus two unsupervised sessions; the weekly supply of fruits and vegetables in order to cover the five recommended daily servings, and individual and group nutrition education. Results: With the intervention waist circumference decreased from 90.5 ± 11.0 to 88.1 ± 9.9 cm; BMI from 30.2 ± 5.8 to 29.3 ± 5.6 kg/m2; total body fat from 39.8 ± 13.0 to 34.3 ± 9.0%; glycemia from 86.0 ± 8.6 to 83.1 ± 5.0 mg/dL; insulinemia from 23.2 ± 9.8 to 19.4 ± 7.6 μU/mL; HOMA-IR from 2.89 ± 1.21 to 2.39 ± 0.93; resting heart rate from 87.9 ± 4.3 to 78.2 ± 5.5 rpm, and VO2peak increased from 36.3 ± 5.1 to 38.5 ± 4.1 mL/kg/min. Four out of six young people with the diagnosis of MS at the beginning of the study did not present it at the end. Conclusions: Participating in an exercise program and increase in the consumption of fruits and vegetables among overweighted young people with components of the MS produced positive modifications in body composition, VO2peak, resting heart rate, and glycemia, as well as in the components and prevalence of the MS.

  20. Impact of nutrition management in patients with head and neck cancers treated with irradiation: is the nutritional intervention useful?; Interet de la prise en charge nutritionnelle des patients traites par irradiation des voies aerodigestives superieures: la consultation dietetique est-elle utile?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garabige, V. [Institut Curie, Service de Dietetique, 75 - Paris (France); Giraud, P.; Jaulerry, C.; Brunin, F. [Institut Curie, Dept. d' Oncologie Radiotherapie, 75 - Paris (France); Rycke, Y. de [Institut Curie, Dept. de Biostatistiques, 75 - Paris (France); Girod, A.; Jouffroy, T.; Rodriguez, J. [Institut Curie, Service de Chirurgie ORL, 75 - Paris (France)

    2007-05-15

    Aims. The head and neck tumors are most often associated with a precarious nutritional status. Radiotherapy increases the risk of de-nutrition because of its secondary effects on the secretory and sensorial mucous membranes. The purpose of our retrospectively study was to evaluate the interest of a precocious and regular nutritional therapy on the ability to maintain the nutritional status of the patient during the radiotherapy. Patients and methods. The fifty-two patients included in the survey have been classified retrospectively in two different groups based on their observance to the nutritional therapy: group 1 'good observance', group 2 'bad observance'. Results. The 31 patients of group 1 have lost an average of 1.9 kg by the end of the irradiation, whereas the 21 patients of group 2 have lost an average of 6.1 kg (p < 0.001). The almost stability in weight of patients in group 1 was linked to a lower frequency of breaks in the radio-therapy (6 vs 33% p = 0.03) and in a decrease in grade of inflammatory, mucous membranes (10% of grade 3 in group 1 vs 52% in group 2, p = 0.006). The quantity of calories ingested in form of nutritional supplements was greater in group 1 and consequently enabled patients to stabilized their weight (1200 calories in group 1 versus 850 calories in group 2, p < 0.005). Conclusions. The given nutritional advice and the prescription of adapted nutritional supplements consequently allowed limiting efficiently the weight lost during the irradiation and the grade of mucositis. The systematization of a precocious nutritional therapy for patients irradiated for head and neck tumors seems absolutely essential. (authors)

  1. Nutrition.gov

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Site Help Contact Us FAQ En Espanol Search Nutrition.Gov Search all USDA Advanced Search Search Tips Browse by Subject What's In Food Smart Nutrition 101 Life Stages Weight Management Nutrition and Health ...

  2. Nutrition Advice and Recipes

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Pancreas Foundation > Patient Information > Nutrition Advice & Recipes test Nutrition Advice & Recipes This is a very important section ... information on all aspects of daily life, including nutrition, medical treatments, pain management, and practical tips. For ...

  3. Total parenteral nutrition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) will help you or your child get nutrition from a special formula through a vein in the ... you can also eat and drink while getting nutrition from TPN. Your nurse will teach you how ...

  4. Food and Nutrition Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... NSIP) The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP) Child Nutrition Programs Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program National School Lunch Program (NSLP) School Breakfast Program ... Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) WIC (Special Supplemental Nutrition Program ...

  5. Nutritional aspects of depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, Undine E; Beglinger, Christoph; Schweinfurth, Nina; Walter, Marc; Borgwardt, Stefan

    2015-01-01

    Several nutrition, food and dietary compounds have been suggested to be involved in the onset and maintenance of depressive disorders and in the severity of depressive symptoms. Nutritional compounds might modulate depression associated biomarkers and parallel the development of depression, obesity and diabetes. In this context, recent studies revealed new mediators of both energy homeostasis and mood changes (i.e. IGF-1, NPY, BDNF, ghrelin, leptin, CCK, GLP-1, AGE, glucose metabolism and microbiota) acting in gut brain circuits. In this context several healthy foods such as olive oil, fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes, poultry, dairy and unprocessed meat have been inversely associated with depression risk and even have been postulated to improve depressive symptoms. In contrast, unhealthy western dietary patterns including the consumption of sweetened beverage, refined food, fried food, processed meat, refined grain, and high fat diary, biscuits, snacking and pastries have been shown to be associated with an increased risk of depression in longitudinal studies. However, it is always difficult to conclude a real prospective causal relationship from these mostly retrospective studies as depressed individuals might also change their eating habits secondarily to their depression. Additionally specific selected nutritional compounds, e.g. calcium, chromium, folate, PUFAs, vitamin D, B12, zinc, magnesium and D-serine have been postulated to be used as ad-on strategies in antidepressant treatment. In this context, dietary and lifestyle interventions may be a desirable, effective, pragmatical and non-stigmatizing prevention and treatment strategy for depression. At last, several medications (pioglitazone, metformin, exenatide, atorvastatin, gram-negative antibiotics), which have traditionally been used to treat metabolic disorders showed a certain potential to treat depression in first randomized controlled clinical trials.

  6. Nutritional Aspects of Depression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Undine E. Lang

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Several nutrition, food and dietary compounds have been suggested to be involved in the onset and maintenance of depressive disorders and in the severity of depressive symptoms. Nutritional compounds might modulate depression associated biomarkers and parallel the development of depression, obesity and diabetes. In this context, recent studies revealed new mediators of both energy homeostasis and mood changes (i.e. IGF-1, NPY, BDNF, ghrelin, leptin, CCK, GLP-1, AGE, glucose metabolism and microbiota acting in gut brain circuits. In this context several healthy foods such as olive oil, fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes, poultry, dairy and unprocessed meat have been inversely associated with depression risk and even have been postulated to improve depressive symptoms. In contrast, unhealthy western dietary patterns including the consumption of sweetened beverage, refined food, fried food, processed meat, refined grain, and high fat diary, biscuits, snacking and pastries have been shown to be associated with an increased risk of depression in longitudinal studies. However, it is always difficult to conclude a real prospective causal relationship from these mostly retrospective studies as depressed individuals might also change their eating habits secondarily to their depression. Additionally specific selected nutritional compounds, e.g. calcium, chromium, folate, PUFAs, vitamin D, B12, zinc, magnesium and D-serine have been postulated to be used as ad-on strategies in antidepressant treatment. In this context, dietary and lifestyle interventions may be a desirable, effective, pragmatical and non-stigmatizing prevention and treatment strategy for depression. At last, several medications (pioglitazone, metformin, exenatide, atorvastatin, gram-negative antibiotics, which have traditionally been used to treat metabolic disorders showed a certain potential to treat depression in first randomized controlled clinical trials.

  7. Geriatric nutrition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markham, R W; Hodgkins, E M

    1989-01-01

    In recent decades, veterinary medicine has become more successful in prolonging the healthy, useful lives of pets. As a result, the practitioner spends a greater part of each practice day caring for the geriatric animal, both healthy and unhealthy. Because of their longevity, older pets are typically regular family members, with owners who seek the finest health care possible for their pets. The practice of geriatric medicine most properly should begin not when the dog or cat reaches some specific "golden" age, but rather when the wiggly, robust puppy or kitten receives its first examination. Like all parts of a sound preventive program, geriatric nutrition best follows from a well-considered juvenile and adult nutrition program. Furthermore, once it becomes senior, the "well" geriatric is as much a candidate for a diet designed especially to accommodate old age changes as is his unhealthy contemporary. In fact, evidence suggests that appropriate dietary management of the healthy, but often subclinical, patient may help postpone the signs of dysfunction and increase quality and length of life. A knowledge of the most significant nutrients and the impact of each on aging systems is now, and will become increasingly more, important to the progressive, skillful veterinarian. PMID:2646815

  8. What is the best nutritional support for critically ill patients?

    OpenAIRE

    Hoffer, L. John; Bistrian, Bruce R

    2014-01-01

    Optimum nutritional support in critical illness remains controversial. A recent review of nutritional interventions in the ICU concluded that few of them improved clinical outcomes. In our view, it is a serious shortcoming of these trials that they focused on calories, falling far short of current recommendations for protein provision. Well designed clinical trials that ensure sufficient protein provision are urgently needed if we are to improve the quality of nutritional support in the ICU.

  9. Majoring in nutrition influences BMI of female college students

    OpenAIRE

    Hong, Mee Young; Shepanski, Tahirih L.; Gaylis, Jaclyn B.

    2016-01-01

    Maintaining healthy eating habits in college is challenging. Interventions focused on nutrition education can assist in reversing these trends of poor eating habits among college students. The purpose of the study was to identify factors affecting the dietary habits, food choices and BMI of college females majoring in nutrition (NMs) compared with non-nutrition majors (OMs). A questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey study of dietary behaviour and food frequency of 202 college females was c...

  10. Nutritional status and cognitive function in frail elderly subjects

    OpenAIRE

    Faxén Irving, Gerd

    2004-01-01

    Longevity, frailty and chronic disease are often associated with protein energy-malnutrition (PEM). Subjects with dementia are at particular risk for PEM. The overall aims of this thesis were to evaluate relationships between nutrition, cognition and functional capacity and to assess interventional means of developing the nutritional care of elderly. In study I and 11, the nutritional status and the cognitive function were examined in 28 and 80 service flat (SF) residents. F...

  11. [Practical guideline for nutritional care in geriatric institutions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volkert, D

    2009-04-01

    Malnutrition is widespread in geriatric patients, but often unrecognized and untreated. The main barriers against implementation of adequate nutritional care are seen in low nutritional awareness, lack of knowledge, interest and responsibilities but also in established procedures and lack of standard protocols for nutritional screening and therapy. It is, thus, the aim of the present publication to provide a comprehensive, practice oriented guideline for quality assurance of nutritional care of elderly people in geriatric institutions. The guideline includes routine assessment of individual nutritional status as well as the planning and implementation of appropriate interventions and measurement of results. The guideline is aimed at the prevention and adequate treatment of weight loss and malnutrition and is composed of the following sections: 1) screening, 2) assessment, 3) definition of aims, 4) intervention, 5) monitoring with adaptation of aims and interventions, 6) planning of nutritional care after discharge. Appropriate interventions aim, on the one hand, at the elimination of underlying causes of malnutrition and, on the other hand, at adequate and sufficient dietary intake to meet the requirements. Dietetic, nursing and medical actions should be implemented in a coordinated manner in order to use all options to achieve the best nutritional care for each patient. As a prerequisite for high quality individual nutritional care, several basic conditions have to be established, e.g. appropriate supply of food and beverages to meet patient needs, well-organized caring processes during meals, willingness of all involved persons for interdisciplinary teamwork, and well-regulated responsibilities. This general guideline has to be adapted to the local conditions of each institution and consistently put into practice. For implementation of the guideline, a nutrition team with members of all relevant professions should be organized with regular meetings. In the long

  12. Nutrition for Sarcopenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanai, Hidekatsu

    2015-12-01

    Aging-related sarcopenia means that muscle mass, strength, and physical performance tend to decline with age, and malnutrition is associated with sarcopenia. Therefore, nutritional interventions may make an important contribution to prevent the development of sarcopenia. Here I reviewed published articles about the effects of nutritional factors on sarcopenia in elderly people. A growing body of evidence suggests that metabolic factors associated with obesity and diabetes induce the progression of sarcopenia. However, the effectiveness and safety of caloric restriction for sarcopenia remained unclear. Protein intake and physical activity are the main anabolic stimuli for muscle protein synthesis. As optimal dietary protein intake, 1.0 - 1.2 g/kg (body weight)/day with an optimal repartition over each daily meal or 25 - 30 g of high quality protein per meal were recommended to prevent sarcopenia, which was supported by some observational studies. Protein supplementation using cheese and milk protein, essential amino acids, leucine, beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate and vitamin D has been investigated as a potential supplement to improve muscle quality in sarcopenic elderly people. PMID:26566405

  13. Nutrition in the elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morley, J E; Mooradian, A D; Silver, A J; Heber, D; Alfin-Slater, R B

    1988-12-01

    Nutritional modulation is one approach to successful aging. In animals, dietary restriction increases life span. Alterations in the macronutrient and micronutrient constituent of the diet can modulate gene expression. Anorexia is common in elderly persons. The results of studies in animals suggest that aging is associated with a decrease in the opioid feeding drive and an increase in the satiating effect of cholecystokinin. Unrecognized depression is a common, treatable cause of anorexia and weight loss in elderly persons. Protein synthesis decreases in elderly persons; nevertheless, nitrogen balance can be maintained in patients with fairly low intakes of protein. Carbohydrate intolerance is common and may be modulated by nutritional intervention and physical activity. The role of cholesterol in the development of heart disease in very old persons is controversial. Homebound and institutionalized elderly persons often do not expose their skin to sunlight; because the skin of older persons has a decreased ability to form vitamin D, the vitamin D status in these persons is precarious and they are at risk for osteopenia. Vitamins are often abused by elderly persons. Drug administration alters the vitamin requirements of persons. Borderline zinc state has been associated with deteriorating immune function, especially in persons who have diabetes mellitus or who abuse alcohol. Zinc administration appears to protect against the deteriorating vision associated with age-related macular degeneration. Selenium deficiency seems to be associated with an increased prevalence of cancer. PMID:3056165

  14. Lead - nutritional considerations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lead poisoning - nutritional considerations; Toxic metal - nutritional considerations ... Markowitz M. Lead poisoning. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, ... Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice . 8th ed. ...

  15. Interrelationships among Nutrition Knowledge, Attitudes, Behaviors and Body Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dissen, Anthony R.; Policastro, Peggy; Quick, Virginia; Byrd-Bredbenner, Carol

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Little is known about interrelationships among nutrition knowledge, attitude, dietary intake, and body satisfaction, which are important variables that play a role in nutrition education interventions. This paper aims to focus on these interrelationships. Design/methodology/approach: Students (n = 279; 20.12 plus or minus 1.75SD years)…

  16. Pharmacological interventions for improved colonic anastomotic healing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oines, Mari Nanna; Krarup, Peter-Martin; Jorgensen, Lars Nannestad;

    2014-01-01

    with the primary purpose of promoting healing of anastomoses made in the colon or rectum under uncomplicated conditions. We excluded studies on adverse events from interventions, nutritional interventions or in situ physical supporting biomaterials. The primary outcome was biomechanical strength or AL. We...

  17. Intervención nutricional en niños y adolescentes con fibrosis quística: Relación con la función pulmonar Nutritional intervention in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis: Relationship with pulmonary function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Martínez-Costa

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Evaluar los efectos de la intervención nutricional precoz y continuada en pacientes pediátricos con fibrosis quística (FQ y su posible implicación en la función pulmonar. Pacientes y métodos: Se incluyen el seguimiento de 19 pacientes con FQ (11 niñas, 8 niños de 17 meses a 18 años de edad y promedio de 10 años de enfermedad. El genotipo de 16 pacientes es delta F 508 (10 homo, 6 heterocigotos. Cada 2-3 meses se les ha realizado: valoración clínica, dietética y antropométrica clasificando el estado de nutrición (EN según Z pesto/talla, % peso para la talla, índice de masa corporal y Z talla/edad. Coincidentemente se obtuvo cultivo de secreciones respiratorias y espirometría; y anualmente determinaciones bioquímicas, hematológicas y de heces. La intervención nutricional incluyó: recomendaciones dietéticas, nutrición enteral (NE oral o invasiva y tratamiento farmacológico con ezimas pancreáticos, vitaminas liposolubles, minerales y oligoelementos. Resultados y comentarios: La mayoría experimentaron mejoría antropométrica resultando significativa para el peso, relaciónpeso/talla y pliegue tricipital (p Objective: To assess the effects of early and continuous nutritional intervention in pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis (CF and its possible implication in pulmonary function. Patients and methods:Included is the follow-up of 19 patients with CF (11 female and 8 male children, from 17 months to 18 years of age, and a mean disease duration of 10 years. Genotype from 16 patients is delta F 508 (10 homozygotic, 6 heterozygotic. The following items have been performed every 2-3 months: clinical, dietary and anthropometrical assessment, classifying nutritional status (NS by Z scores of weight/height, % of weight to height, body mass index, and Z scores of height/age. Concurrently, respiratory secretions culture and spiro-metry were obtained; and annually, biochemistry, hematologic and feces determinations

  18. Effectiveness of nutrition interventions about infants aged 6~24 months in Ningqiang county affected by Wenchuan earth quake%地震灾区宁强县6~24月龄婴幼儿营养干预效果研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐增康; 王林江; 常锋; 付萍; 张坚; 张汉沛; 李建莉

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To compare the nutrition status of infants before and after nutrition interventions in Ningqiang county. [Methods] The project provided nutrition interventions which feed infants aged 6-24 months one packet Yingyangbao per day and educated babysitter how to feed infants properly in Ningqiang county. Before and after the 18 months nutrition interventions,327 and 300 infants aged 6~24 months were sampled respectively to complete the investigation. Effectiveness of nutrition interventions was evaluated by analyzing the differences of infants' length,body weitht,hemoglobin concentration,WAZ,HAZ,WHZ,underweight rate,stunting rate, wasting rate and anemia rate between two samples. [Results] After the interventions,average weight and length of infants aged 6~24 months increased 0. 90 kg(t=-9. 94, P<0. 01)and 3. 40 cra(t=-7. 74,P<0. 01)respectively,and there were significant differences between before and after interventions. WAZ(-0. 48 vs 0. 09,t=-6. 95,P<0. 01),HAZ (-0.73 vs -0. 25,t=-4. 63 ,P<0. 01) and WHZ(-0. 15 vs 0.30, i = -4. 90,P<0. 01) also increased significantly. Through the nutrition interventions infants' hemoglobin concentration increased from 10.94 g/dL to 11.70 g/dL(t=-7. 97,P<0. 01),anemia rate decreased from 49.5% to 23. 9%(x2 =43. 72,P <0. 01) ,and the results of statistical analysis showed that significant differences exist. [Conclusion] Through 18 months nutrition interventions the nutrition status of infants aged 6~24 months could be improved significantly.%[目的]评价发放辅食营养包和开展健康教育对地震灾区宁强县婴幼儿营养状况的改善效果.[方法]对宁强县所有6~24月龄婴幼儿添加辅食营养包、对婴幼儿看护人开展婴幼儿喂养健康教育,在干预措施实施18个月前后,分别抽取327名和300名6~24月龄婴幼儿进行调查,对比干预前后婴幼儿的身高、体重、血红蛋白、WAZ(Weight-for-age Z-score)、HAZ (Height-for-age Z-score)、WHZ(Weight-for -Height Z

  19. 养老机构老年人生活质量、营养状况的团队健康干预研究%Research on Effect of Team Health Intervention on Quality of Life and Nu-trition State in Old People in Senior Care Organization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建峰; 秦卫; 张燕; 闵燕华; 邱燕萍

    2016-01-01

    目的:通过对养老机构老年人开展全科团队综合健康干预,为提高老年人健康状态提供指导依据。方法采用队列研究法,对两家城乡结合部养老机构随机分组,对干预组老年人实施团队综合健康干预,对照组开展常规健康宣教及随访措施。分别于1年后再次以生活质量评价表(SF-36)、老年简易营养评估量表(MNA)进行评价,从而评估干预效果。结果干预组进行团队健康干预1年后,除了情感职能(RE)无统计学差异(P>0.05),SF-36总均分及其他维度得分干预后高于干预前(P>0.001);而对照组SF-36总均分及各维度评分1年前后比较无差异(P>0.05);干预组老人干预后营养状态得到改善(P>0.05),而对照组无统计学差异(P>0.05)。结论开展全科团队的综合性、持续性健康管理,能有效地提高养老机构老年人的生活质量和营养状况,也是“医养融合”的一种具体实施方法。%Objective In order to provide guidance basis for improving the health status in elderly by carrying out commu-nity general physician team comprehensive health intervention for old people in the senior care organization. Methods The two senior care organizations in rural-urban fringe zone were randomly divided into groups by the cohort study method, the intervention group adopted team comprehensive health intervention, the control group carried out the conventional health propaganda and education and follow-up measures, and both groups were evaluated again by the life quality assessment scale (SF-36) and brief nutrition evaluation scale (MNA) after 1 year thus the intervention effect was evaluated. Results There was no statistical difference in the emotional function after 1 year's team health intervention in the intervention group,(P>0.05), the total mean score of SF-36 and other demission scores after intervention were higher than those before intervention,(P0.05), the nutrition

  20. Effect of a School-based Nutrition Education Program on the Nutritional Status of Primary School Children

    OpenAIRE

    Parisa Keshani; Seyed Mohammad Mousavi; Zahra Mirzaei; Zeinab Hematdar; Najmeh Maayeshi; Mahsa Mirshekari; Hanieh Ranjbaran; Shiva Faghih

    2016-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Regarding the high prevalence of unhealthy food habits among Iranian children, we aimed to assess the effect of a school-based nutrition education program on nutritional status of primary school students in Shiraz. Materials and Methods: This randomized educational controlled trial was carried out on 221 primary school age children selected by cluster sampling in the elementary schools of Shiraz-Iran. The intervention consisted of 6 nutrition education sessions ...

  1. Maternal nutrition, health, and survival.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christian, Parul

    2002-05-01

    The burden of maternal morbidity and mortality in developing countries is high. Each year, 600,000 women die from pregnancy-related causes and 62 million women suffer from morbidity and complications of pregnancy. The extent to which maternal nutrition can improve maternal health and survival is not well understood. Excluding deaths due to induced abortions, the other four main causes of maternal mortality (preeclampsia, hemorrhage, obstructed labor, and infection) may be amenable to nutrition interventions. The role of calcium in reducing the incidence of preeclampsia and hypertension is promising, but more research in deficient populations is urgently needed. Antenatal iron supplementation, although frequently recommended to prevent anemia during pregnancy, has had little program success. Severe anemia may be an important cause of maternal mortality, but convincing evidence is lacking on the health consequences of mild-to-moderate maternal anemia. Knowledge of the etiology of anemia is important in identifying effective strategies for combating it. Other vitamins such as folate, B12, and vitamin A may enhance the effect of iron supplementation in populations where multiple nutrition deficiencies exist. Maternal night blindness is widespread in South Asian women. In Nepal, this condition is associated with markedly increased risks of vitamin A deficiency, anemia, morbidity, and maternal and infant mortality. These findings need to be replicated elsewhere in South Asia. One study has shown vitamin A and beta carotene supplementation to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity. These findings need testing in different settings with emphasis on investigating the mechanisms of the effect. The area of prepregnancy nutrition and its influence on prolonged and obstructed labor is wide open for investigation. The scope for research in the area of maternal nutrition and health is large and the onus is on nutritionists to bring to the forefront the role of nutrition in

  2. Nutritional phenotype databases and integrated nutrition: from molecules to populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibney, Michael J; McNulty, Breige A; Ryan, Miriam F; Walsh, Marianne C

    2014-05-01

    In recent years, there has been a great expansion in the nature of new technologies for the study of all biologic subjects at the molecular and genomic level and these have been applied to the field of human nutrition. The latter has traditionally relied on a mix of epidemiologic studies to generate hypotheses, dietary intervention studies to test these hypotheses, and a variety of experimental approaches to understand the underlying explanatory mechanisms. Both the novel and traditional approaches have begun to carve out separate identities vís-a-vís their own journals, their own international societies, and their own national and international symposia. The present review draws on the advent of large national nutritional phenotype databases and related technological developments to argue the case that there needs to be far more integration of molecular and public health nutrition. This is required to address new joint approaches to such areas as the measurement of food intake, biomarker discovery, and the genetic determinants of nutrient-sensitive genotypes and other areas such as personalized nutrition and the use of new technologies with mass application, such as in dried blood spots to replace venipuncture or portable electronic devices to monitor food intake and phenotype. Future development requires the full integration of these 2 disciplines, which will provide a challenge to both funding agencies and to university training of nutritionists.

  3. Space Nutrition: Effects on Bone and Potential Nutrition Countermeasures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Scott M.

    2008-01-01

    Optimal nutrition will be critical for crew members who embark on space exploration missions. Nutritional assessment provides an opportunity to ensure that crewmembers begin their missions in optimal nutritional status, to document changes during a mission and , if necessary, to provide intervention to maintain that status throughout the mission, and to assesses changes after landing in order to facilitate the return to their normal status as soon as possible after landing. We report here the findings from our nutritional assessment of the US astronauts who participated in the first eight International Space Station (ISS) missions. Bone loss during space flight remains one of the most critical challenges to astronaut health on space exploration missions. An increase in bone resorption of ISS crew members after flight was indicated by several markers. Vitamin D status also remains a challenge for long-duration space travelers, who lack ultraviolet light exposure in the shielded craft. Many nutrients affect bone, including calcium, protein, fatty acids, sodium, and others. Data supporting their potential as countermeasures for space flight, as published in many papers, will be reviewed in this presentation. Defining nutrient requirements, and being able to provide and maintain those nutrients on exploration missions, will be critical for maintaining crew member health. Please note, this abstract is not required for the meeting. A presentation on the topics described above will be given. This abstract is for travel documentation only.

  4. New perspective for nutritional support of cancer patients: Enteral/parenteral nutrition

    OpenAIRE

    AKBULUT, GAMZE

    2011-01-01

    Cancer and its treatment result in severe biochemical and physiological alterations associated with a deterioration of quality of life (QoL). Cancer-related malnutrition may evolve into cancer cachexia due to complex interactions between pro-inflammatory cytokines and the host metabolism. Depending on the type of cancer treatment (either curative or palliative), the clinical condition of the patient and nutritional status, adequate and patient-tailored nutritional intervention should be presc...

  5. Impact of nutritional education strategies on anthropometric variables and nutrition knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina Marques Gomes

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To assess the impact of a nutrition education program on the nutritional status and food knowledge of patients with overweight. Methods: A longitudinal quantitative study, performed between September and October 2012, with sample consisting of 15 patients with excessive weight (overweight: Body Mass Index or BMI between 25kg/m2 and 29,9kg/m2; and obesity: above 30kg/m2, enrolled in a group of food education in a Primary Healthcare Unit. Nutritional intervention occurred in six weekly meetings (M1: general screening; and M7 to M2: 6 nutritional interventions, being applied a questionnaire assessing the participants’ knowledge on the subjects to be discussed before and after the intervention. Prior to the first meeting and in the last intervention, measures of weight, height and waist circumference were obtained. Nonparametric Wilcoxon tests were performed, with a significance level of 5%, to analyze the average number of correct answers and the nutritional outcome. Results: Following the nutritional education strategy, there was an average reduction of 1.51kg in relation to the initial weight; the average BMI increased from 37.41kg/m² to 36.85kg/m²; waist circumference showed mean reduction of 5.6cm; and the number of correct answers in the questionnaires increased. Conclusion: The nutritional education strategy seems to have influenced the good evolution of the participants’ nutritional status, leading to a decrease in the anthropometric measures and increasing knowledge about healthy eating. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5020/18061230.2013.p462

  6. Effect of nutritional support and nursing intervention on quality of life in patients with diabetes and cardiovascular disease%营养支持及护理干预对糖尿病合并心血管疾病患者生存质量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林柳; 冯佩兰; 蔡白连

    2014-01-01

    目的:研究营养支持及护理干预对糖尿病合并心血管疾病患者生存质量的影响。方法将130例糖尿病合并心血管疾病患者纳入研究,随机分为给予营养支持、血糖、血压控制综合护理干预的观察组和仅给予常规护理干预的对照组,观察自我护理能力以及生存质量。结果观察组患者的健康知识、自我概念、自护责任感、自我护理技能、自我护理能力总评分、躯体、心理、社会、认知功能及生活总质量评分均高于对照组;FBG、PBG、HbA1c、LDL-C、TG、TC均明显低于对照组。结论营养支持及护理干预有助于提高自我护理能力、改善患者的生存质量,在糖尿病合并心血管疾病患者中具有积极的临床应用价值。%Objective To study the effect of nutritional support and nursing intervention on quality of life in patients with diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Methods 130 patients with diabetes and cardiovascular disease were enrolled and randomly divided into observation group given nutritional support combined with nursing intervention and control group only given routine nursing intervention support.Then self-care ability and life quality were observed. Results The health knowledge,self-concept,self responsibility,self nursing skills and total score of self care ability,body,psychologi-cal,social,cognitive function and life quality score in observation group were significantly higher than those of the con-trol group,the FBG,PBG,HbA1c,LDL-C,TG,TC in observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group. Conclusion Nutritional support and nursing intervention have positive clinical value in patients with diabetes and cardiovascular disease for it can improve the self nursing ability and quality of life.

  7. New perspective for nutritional support of cancer patients: Enteral/parenteral nutrition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbulut, Gamze

    2011-07-01

    Cancer and its treatment result in severe biochemical and physiological alterations associated with a deterioration of quality of life (QoL). Cancer-related malnutrition may evolve into cancer cachexia due to complex interactions between pro-inflammatory cytokines and the host metabolism. Depending on the type of cancer treatment (either curative or palliative), the clinical condition of the patient and nutritional status, adequate and patient-tailored nutritional intervention should be prescribed (diet counseling, oral supplementation, enteral or total parenteral nutrition). Nutritional support has been widely advocated as adjunctive therapy for a variety of underlying illnesses, including surgery and medical oncotherapy (radiation or chemotherapy for cancer). Glutamine, n-3 fatty acids and probiotics/prebiotics are therapeutic factors that potentially modulate gastrointestinal toxicity related to cancer treatments. Enteral and parenteral nutrition may help improve patient survival, functional status and QoL, yet the benefits appear to be primarily limited to patients with good functional status and with gastrointestinal disease affecting nutritional intake. Parenteral nutrition offers the possibility of increased or maintenance of the nutrient intake in patients for whom normal food intake is inadequate and for whom enteral nutrition is not feasible, is contraindicated or is not accepted by the patient. This article reviews evidence on issues relevant to enteral and parenteral nutrition in patients with cancer.

  8. Developing a Nutrition and Health Education Program for Primary Schools in Zambia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherman, Jane; Muehlhoff, Ellen

    2007-01-01

    School-based health and nutrition interventions in developing countries aim at improving children's nutrition and learning ability. In addition to the food and health inputs, children need access to education that is relevant to their lives, of good quality, and effective in its approach. Based on evidence from the Zambia Nutrition Education in…

  9. Inequalities in diet and nutrition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiffin, Richard; Salois, Matthew

    2012-02-01

    The inequality of nutrition and obesity re-focuses concern on who in society is consuming the worst diet. Identification of individuals with the worst of dietary habits permits for targeting interventions to assuage obesity among the population segment where it is most prevalent. We argue that the use of fiscal interventions does not appropriately take into account the economic, social and health circumstances of the intended beneficiaries of the policy. This paper reviews the influence of socio-demographic factors on nutrition and health status and considers the impacts of nutrition policy across the population drawing on methodologies from both public health and welfare economics. The effects of a fat tax on diet are found to be small and while other studies show that fat taxes saves lives, we show that average levels of disease risk do not change much: those consuming particularly bad diets continue to do so. Our results also suggest that the regressivity of the policy increases as the tax becomes focused on products with high saturated fat contents. A fiscally neutral policy that combines the fat tax with a subsidy on fruit and vegetables is actually more regressive because consumption of these foods tends to be concentrated in socially undeserving households. We argue that when inequality is of concern, population-based measures must reflect this and approaches that target vulnerable populations which have a shared propensity to adopt unhealthy behaviours are appropriate.

  10. The immunomodulatory nutritional intervention NR100157 reduced CD4+ T-Cell decline and immune activation: a 1-year multicenter randomized controlled double-blind trial in HIV-infected persons not receiving antiretroviral therapy (The BITE Study)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cahn, P.; Ruxrungtham, K.; Gazzard, B.; Norren, van K.; Diaz, R.S.; Gori, A.; Kotler, D.P.; Vriesema, A.; Georgiou, N.A.; Garssen, J.; Clerici, M.; Lange, J.M.A.

    2013-01-01

    Background The immunomodulatory nutritional product NR100157 was developed for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–infected individuals. We hypothesized that targeting the compromised gastrointestinal tract of HIV-infected individuals would result in systemic immunological benefits. Methods In a mult

  11. Frailty Intervention Trial (FIT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lockwood Keri

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Frailty is a term commonly used to describe the condition of an older person who has chronic health problems, has lost functional abilities and is likely to deteriorate further. However, despite its common use, only a small number of studies have attempted to define the syndrome of frailty and measure its prevalence. The criteria Fried and colleagues used to define the frailty syndrome will be used in this study (i.e. weight loss, fatigue, decreased grip strength, slow gait speed, and low physical activity. Previous studies have shown that clinical outcomes for frail older people can be improved using multi-factorial interventions such as comprehensive geriatric assessment, and single interventions such as exercise programs or nutritional supplementation, but no interventions have been developed to specifically reverse the syndrome of frailty. We have developed a multidisciplinary intervention that specifically targets frailty as defined by Fried et al. We aim to establish the effects of this intervention on frailty, mobility, hospitalisation and institutionalisation in frail older people. Methods and Design A single centre randomised controlled trial comparing a multidisciplinary intervention with usual care. The intervention will target identified characteristics of frailty, functional limitations, nutritional status, falls risk, psychological issues and management of chronic health conditions. Two hundred and thirty people aged 70 and over who meet the Fried definition of frailty will be recruited from clients of the aged care service of a metropolitan hospital. Participants will be followed for a 12-month period. Discussion This research is an important step in the examination of specifically targeted frailty interventions. This project will assess whether an intervention specifically targeting frailty can be implemented, and whether it is effective when compared to usual care. If successful, the study will establish a

  12. Nutrition of Preterm Infants After Hospital Discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Growth failure in preterm infants remains extremely common despite advances in neonatal care. Many, or even a majority, leave the hospital with weights below the 10th centile for age. Because of this, the possibility of nutritional interventions to improve postdischarge growth has been considered. A...

  13. Addressing the nutritional needs of university students

    Science.gov (United States)

    The USDA Delta Obesity Prevention Research Project seeks to identify and evaluate dietary and physical activity patterns in African American students to develop an educational intervention that is nutritionally adequate and culturally relevant for 18- to 24-year-old African-American university stude...

  14. Parenteral nutrition in intestinal failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurkchubasche AG

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Arlet G Kurkchubasche,1 Thomas J Herron,2 Marion F Winkler31Department of Surgery and Pediatrics, 2Department of Surgery, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, 3Department of Surgery/Nutritional Support Service, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI, USAAbstract: Intestinal failure is a consequence of extensive surgical resection resulting in anatomic loss and/or functional impairment in motility or absorptive capacity. The condition is clinically characterized by the inability to maintain fluid, energy, protein, electrolyte, or micronutrient balance when on a conventionally accepted, normal diet. Parenteral nutrition (PN is the cornerstone of management until intestinal adaptation returns the patient to a PN-independent state. Intestinal length, residual anatomic segments and motility determine the need for and duration of parenteral support. The goals of therapy are to provide sufficient nutrients to enable normal growth and development in children, and support a healthy functional status in adults. This review addresses indications for PN, the formulation of the PN solution, patient monitoring, and considerations for prevention of PN-associated complications. With the ultimate goal of achieving enteral autonomy, the important role of diet, pharmacologic interventions, and surgery is discussed.Keywords: intestinal failure, short-bowel syndrome, parenteral nutrition, home nutrition support, intestinal rehabilitation

  15. Applications of Stable Isotopes in Nutrition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is an IAEA sponsored project No. RAF/7/006 using Isotopes Techniques to assess Nutritional Intervention Programs related to people living with HIV/AIDS in Africa. The report indicates that, improved nutrition is a global objective and development co-operation priority not only in the fight against nutrition but also for poverty eradication, reproductive health, children's rights and elimination of hunger. The role of the IAEA in the global objective is to support nations in achieving the most and best outcomes of food interventions through the reliable biological tools of efficacy, effective and impact, using isotope based techniques by transferring nuclear technology and knowledge in a sustainable manner to it's member states

  16. Impact of nutritional education strategies on anthropometric variables and nutrition knowledge

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Carolina Marques Gomes; Carolina Paudarco Dias; Roseli Oliveira Guerra; Vera Lúcia Morais Antonio de Salvo

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To assess the impact of a nutrition education program on the nutritional status and food knowledge of patients with overweight. Methods: A longitudinal quantitative study, performed between September and October 2012, with sample consisting of 15 patients with excessive weight (overweight: Body Mass Index or BMI between 25kg/m2 and 29,9kg/m2; and obesity: above 30kg/m2), enrolled in a group of food education in a Primary Healthcare Unit. Nutritional intervention occurred in six wee...

  17. Exclusive enteral nutrition in children with Crohn's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, Andrew S; Lopez, Robert N

    2015-06-14

    Exclusive enteral nutrition involves the use of a complete liquid diet, with the exclusion of normal dietary components for a defined period of time, as a therapeutic measure to induce remission in active Crohn's disease (CD). This very efficacious approach leads to high rates of remission, especially in children and adolescents newly diagnosed with CD. This intervention also results in mucosal healing, nutritional improvements and enhanced bone health. Whilst several recent studies have provided further elaboration of the roles of exclusive enteral nutrition in the management of CD, other reports have provided new understanding of the mechanisms by which this intervention acts.

  18. Effect of integration of special disease care on nutrition intervention in the elderly patients with metabolic syndrome%专病一体化护理对老年代谢综合征患者营养干预效果的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙静; 蒋瑞辉

    2016-01-01

    目的探讨专病一体化护理对老年代谢综合征( MS)患者营养干预效果的影响。方法110例患者按随机数字表法分为观察组和对照组。对照组患者给予常规护理方法,对患者的病情资料和基本情况进行了解,指导其饮食和病情注意事项。观察组患者在对照组基础上给予专病一体化护理方法进行干预。干预4月后观察2组患者体质量指数(body mass index, BMI)、血压、空腹血糖(fasting plasma glucose,FPG)、餐后2 h血糖(2hPG)、三酰甘油(triglyceride,TG)、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDL⁃C)、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(LDL⁃C)水平。并对2组患者护理后的营养状况和营养知识掌握进行检测。结果2组患者干预4月后,除BMI外,其他营养学指标比较差异均有统计学意义( P<0.05),且观察组患者营养良好率和营养知识掌握情况明显优于对照组( P<0.05)。结论以专病一体化护理模式为基础的治疗方式对老年MS患者营养干预效果有一定的影响,可以明显改善患者的疾病状态,具有很大的临床应用价值,值得推广。%Objective To investigate the effect of integration of special disease care on nutrition intervention in the elderly patients with metabolic syndrome. Methods 110 patients were selected and randomly divided into observation group and control group. The control group was treated with conventional care, and basic informations of the patients were observed, and the diet and precautions of disease were guided. The observation group was given integration of special disease care on the basic treatment of control group. The levels of body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, fasting blood glucose(FPG), post⁃prandial 2 h blood glucose (2hPG), triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL⁃C), low⁃density lipoprotein cholesterol ( LDL⁃C) were detected and compared 4 months after the

  19. Medical nutrition therapy planning

    OpenAIRE

    Torović Ljilja; Grujičić Maja; Pavlović-Trajković Ljiljana; Jovičić Jelena; Novaković Budimka; Balać Dragana

    2010-01-01

    Introduction. Diet has vital, preventive and therapeutic functions. Medical nutrition therapy is a part of the Standardized Nutrition Care Process integrated in health care systems. Material and methods. An overview of the Nutrition Care Process model and the application of nutrition guidelines based on literature, reports, documents and programmes of international health, food and physical activity authorities was done. Results. The Nutrition Care Process model requires registered diet...

  20. Comparative evaluation of nutritional status of elderly dentulous and completely edentulous patients wearing complete dentures

    OpenAIRE

    Bhumita R Makwana; Vijaya Agarwal; Rakesh Makwana

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: The scientific progress has reached a level where nutritional interventions may play a part in the prevention of degenerative conditions of age, improvement of quality of life and impact on health care burden and resources. Moreover a timely intervention can stop weight loss in elderly at risk of malnutrition or undernourished. Evaluation of nutritional status is important for any nutrition or dietary modification. We therefore did a comparative study of evaluation of nutritiona...

  1. The food pyramid adapted to physically active adolescents as a nutrition education tool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camila Brandão Gonçalves

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to assess the understanding of the Food Pyramid Adapted to Physically Active Adolescents as an educational tool to improve nutrition knowledge. Adolescents engaged in sport training responded to a nutrition knowledge questionnaire before and after the intervention. The pyramid intervention group received the printed educational material, and the broad intervention group received the printed material followed by a lecture. As a result, mean initial nutrition knowledge was average (59.9 ± 18 points, increasing (p<0.001 after the intervention (69.1 ± 20 points without significant difference between interventions. In conclusion, adolescents' nutrition knowledge improved, even with the use of the Food Pyramid alone, indicating its use to promote nutritional knowledge.

  2. Enteral Nutrition in Dementia: A Systematic Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanne Brooke

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the role of enteral nutrition in dementia. The prevalence of dementia is predicted to rise worldwide partly due to an aging population. People with dementia may experience both cognitive and physical complications that impact on their nutritional intake. Malnutrition and weight loss in dementia correlates with cognitive decline and the progress of the disease. An intervention for long term eating difficulties is the provision of enteral nutrition through a Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy tube to improve both nutritional parameters and quality of life. Enteral nutrition in dementia has traditionally been discouraged, although further understanding of physical, nutritional and quality of life outcomes are required. The following electronic databases were searched: EBSCO Host, MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and Google Scholar for publications from 1st January 2008 and up to and including 1st January 2014. Inclusion criteria included the following outcomes: mortality, aspiration pneumonia, pressure sores, nutritional parameters and quality of life. Each study included separate analysis for patients with a diagnosis of dementia and/or neurological disease. Retrospective and prospective observational studies were included. No differences in mortality were found for patients with dementia, without dementia or other neurological disorders. Risk factors for poor survival included decreased or decreasing serum albumin levels, increasing age or over 80 years and male gender. Evidence regarding pneumonia was limited, although did not impact on mortality. No studies explored pressure sores or quality of life.

  3. Nutrition in cachexia: from bench to bedside.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konishi, Masaaki; Ishida, Junichi; von Haehling, Stephan; Anker, Stefan D; Springer, Jochen

    2016-05-01

    As malnutrition is often present in cachexia, nutritional intervention has been one of the widely accepted strategies. A literature review of cachexia models with dietary interventions in the present issue of this journal pointed out that the majority of nutrient intervention studies were of n-3 fatty acid, mainly eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid. Effect on protein catabolism and anti-inflammation are most pronounced benefits of n-3 fatty acid. The effectiveness of n-3 fatty acid may depend on control diet or even be attributed to the polyunsaturated fatty acid deficiency inadvertently produced in control group. However, there is not enough clinical evidence to support a benefit of n-3 fatty acid substitution in patients with cachexia. The second important result from this review is that the majority of studies did not provide information about dietary design or did not standardize design, content, source, and overall composition. To guide dietary design for researchers in preclinical studies, a model has been proposed in this review, which may be useful to predict the efficacy of new dietary intervention in cachexia science. From a clinical point of view, the limited effectiveness of nutritional support in cachexia may partly be explained by the multifactorial nature of this condition. Cachexia differs from malnutrition inasmuch as malnutrition can be reversed by adequate nutrition and/or by overcoming problems of absorption or utilization of nutrients, but cachexia cannot be successfully treated by nutrition alone. Multidisciplinary approach including the assessment and intervention in feeding, appetite, swallowing, exercise, psychosocial, and psychological issue may be needed to improve nutrition in patients with cachexia. PMID:27030816

  4. Nutrition in cachexia: from bench to bedside.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konishi, Masaaki; Ishida, Junichi; von Haehling, Stephan; Anker, Stefan D; Springer, Jochen

    2016-05-01

    As malnutrition is often present in cachexia, nutritional intervention has been one of the widely accepted strategies. A literature review of cachexia models with dietary interventions in the present issue of this journal pointed out that the majority of nutrient intervention studies were of n-3 fatty acid, mainly eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid. Effect on protein catabolism and anti-inflammation are most pronounced benefits of n-3 fatty acid. The effectiveness of n-3 fatty acid may depend on control diet or even be attributed to the polyunsaturated fatty acid deficiency inadvertently produced in control group. However, there is not enough clinical evidence to support a benefit of n-3 fatty acid substitution in patients with cachexia. The second important result from this review is that the majority of studies did not provide information about dietary design or did not standardize design, content, source, and overall composition. To guide dietary design for researchers in preclinical studies, a model has been proposed in this review, which may be useful to predict the efficacy of new dietary intervention in cachexia science. From a clinical point of view, the limited effectiveness of nutritional support in cachexia may partly be explained by the multifactorial nature of this condition. Cachexia differs from malnutrition inasmuch as malnutrition can be reversed by adequate nutrition and/or by overcoming problems of absorption or utilization of nutrients, but cachexia cannot be successfully treated by nutrition alone. Multidisciplinary approach including the assessment and intervention in feeding, appetite, swallowing, exercise, psychosocial, and psychological issue may be needed to improve nutrition in patients with cachexia.

  5. Better Use of Data to Define Nutrition Priority and Action

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Nutrition and dietary survey data has been useful in defining themagnitude of malnutrition and dietary deficit. Such information has been helpful in gaining attention to support or to do more to improve nutrition-advocacy. However, there are also greater opportunities to use the common data to guide the program action. In summary, we have plenty of good nutrition and dietary information available to us in the planning and operation of nutrition intervention program. If we go beyond the use of data to justify area or subject of engagement, we can also use the same data for more efficient and more effective program without additional cost to us.

  6. About the influence of Tai Chi push exercise combined with nutrition intervention to recover of patients with primary osteoporosis%太极推手锻炼配合营养干预对原发性骨质疏松症患者康复的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵梦影; 李宁; 范超; 袁生辉

    2015-01-01

    目的:观察长期太极推手锻炼结合营养干预对原发性骨质疏松患者骨疼痛及骨密度的影响。方法:将90位原发性骨质疏松患者按性别、年龄、体质指数及病程随机分为3组,A组进行太极推手锻炼并结合营养干预,B组只进行太极推手锻炼,C组保持原有的生活方式,实验周期均为6个月。实验前后对患者的视觉骨疼痛积分进行评定分析,并且采用双能X线骨密度仪对受试者的股骨颈、Ward三角、腰椎L2-4进行骨密度测定。结果:实验前后A、B两组患者的骨密度和疼痛均有改善,并且A组的治疗效果优于B组,具有显著性差异;不采取任何措施的C组在实验后骨疼痛加重,骨密度降低。结论:太极推手锻炼结合营养干预,更能有效地治疗原发性骨质疏松症。%Aim:the article observes Tai Chi push exercise combined with nutrition intervention to the recovery of patients’BMD and bone pain with primary osteoporosis. Methods: random divides 90 patients with primary osteoporosis into three groups:A to Tai Chi push exercise combined with nutrition intervention;B to Tai Chi push exercise only;C to keep previous ways of life,and the test cycle is six months. Evaluates and analyzes visual bone pain points before and after test,and makes bone densitometry of femoral neck,Ward triangle and lumbar L2~4 by using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Result:BMD and bone pain of Group A and B has improvement and A has more effect than B,while bone pain of Group C is worse and BMD decrease after experiment. Conclusion:Tai Chi push exercise combined with nutrition intervention could effectively cure primary osteoporosis.

  7. Are Patients at Nutritional Risk More Prone to Complications after Major Urological Surgery?

    OpenAIRE

    Cerantola, Yannick; Valerio, Massimo; Hubner, Martin; Iglesias, Katia; Vaucher, Laurent; Jichlinski, Patrice

    2016-01-01

    Purpose The nutritional risk score is a recommended screening tool for malnutrition. While a nutritional risk score of 3 or greater predicts adverse outcomes after digestive surgery, to our knowledge its predictive value for morbidity after urological interventions is unknown. We determined whether urological patients at nutritional risk are at higher risk for complications after major surgery than patients not at nutritional risk. Materials and methods We performed a prospective observation...

  8. Smorgasbord or symphony? Assessing public health nutrition policies across 30 European countries using a novel framework

    OpenAIRE

    Lloyd-Williams, Ffion; Bromley, Helen; Orton, Lois; Hawkes, Corinna, ed.; Taylor-Robinson, David; O’Flaherty, Martin; McGill, Rory; Anwar, Elspeth; Hyseni, Lirije; Moonan, May; Rayner, Mike; Capewell, Simon

    2014-01-01

    Background Countries across Europe have introduced a wide variety of policies to improve nutrition. However, the sheer diversity of interventions represents a potentially bewildering smorgasbord. We aimed to map existing public health nutrition policies, and examine their perceived effectiveness, in order to inform future evidence-based diet strategies. Methods We created a public health nutrition policy database for 30 European countries . National nutrition policies were classified and assi...

  9. A Study of Nutrition in Entry-Level Dental Hygiene Education Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Deborah L; Gurenlian, JoAnn R; Freudenthal, Jacqueline J

    2016-01-01

    The aims of this study were to document the extent of nutritional content in U.S. dental hygiene program curricula; identify program directors' opinions, perceptions, and barriers to expanding nutritional content; and evaluate if a proposed nutrition curriculum model would be beneficial. This mixed methods study involved quantitative and qualitative aspects. An invitation letter was sent to all 335 directors of entry-level U.S. dental hygiene programs. In response, 55 directors submitted nutrition course syllabi from their programs (16.4% of the total) for the quantitative analysis. In addition, 14 nutrition instructors and ten program directors were interviewed regarding their perceptions and opinions of nutrition education for dental hygiene students. All aspects of the content analysis results revealed that nutrition content in entry-level dental hygiene programs is diverse. Some programs did not include nutrition content, while others provided oral and systemic nutrition intervention subject matter. Some programs offered multiple clinical nutrition applications and patient contact opportunities while most required none. The interview results disclosed a variety of opinions and perceptions of dental hygienists' role in nutrition. Several interviewees viewed dental hygienists' role in nutrition to be an integral part of patient care, while others indicated no role or providing caries prevention counseling only. Although dental hygienists are expected to provide nutrition assessments and interventions, no standards or standardized competencies exist for nutrition in dental hygiene education. A standardized nutrition model could be beneficial for entry-level programs to ensure dental hygienists possess basic knowledge to perform nutrition assessments and intervention to address Healthy People 2020's intervention initiatives.

  10. A Study of Nutrition in Entry-Level Dental Hygiene Education Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Deborah L; Gurenlian, JoAnn R; Freudenthal, Jacqueline J

    2016-01-01

    The aims of this study were to document the extent of nutritional content in U.S. dental hygiene program curricula; identify program directors' opinions, perceptions, and barriers to expanding nutritional content; and evaluate if a proposed nutrition curriculum model would be beneficial. This mixed methods study involved quantitative and qualitative aspects. An invitation letter was sent to all 335 directors of entry-level U.S. dental hygiene programs. In response, 55 directors submitted nutrition course syllabi from their programs (16.4% of the total) for the quantitative analysis. In addition, 14 nutrition instructors and ten program directors were interviewed regarding their perceptions and opinions of nutrition education for dental hygiene students. All aspects of the content analysis results revealed that nutrition content in entry-level dental hygiene programs is diverse. Some programs did not include nutrition content, while others provided oral and systemic nutrition intervention subject matter. Some programs offered multiple clinical nutrition applications and patient contact opportunities while most required none. The interview results disclosed a variety of opinions and perceptions of dental hygienists' role in nutrition. Several interviewees viewed dental hygienists' role in nutrition to be an integral part of patient care, while others indicated no role or providing caries prevention counseling only. Although dental hygienists are expected to provide nutrition assessments and interventions, no standards or standardized competencies exist for nutrition in dental hygiene education. A standardized nutrition model could be beneficial for entry-level programs to ensure dental hygienists possess basic knowledge to perform nutrition assessments and intervention to address Healthy People 2020's intervention initiatives. PMID:26729687

  11. Implementing nutrition diagnosis at a multisite health care organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Heukelom, Holly; Fraser, Valli; Koh, Jiak-Chin; McQueen, Kay; Vogt, Kara; Johnson, Frances

    2011-01-01

    The American Dietetic Association Nutrition Care Process (NCP) is designed to improve patient care and interdisciplinary communication through the consistent use of standardized nutrition language. Supported by Dietitians of Canada, the NCP has been gaining prominence across Canada. In spring 2009, registered dietitians at Providence Health Care, an academic, multisite health care organization in Vancouver, British Columbia, began using the NCP with a focus on nutrition diagnosis. The success of nutrition diagnosis at Providence Health Care has depended on support from the Clinical Nutrition Department leadership, commitment from the NCP champions, regularly scheduled lunch-and-learn sessions, revised nutrition assessment forms with a section for nutrition diagnosis statements, and the Pocket Guide for International Dietetics & Nutrition Terminology (IDNT) Reference Manual. Audit results from June through August 2010 showed a 92% nutrition diagnosis completion rate for acute-care and long-term care sites within Providence Health Care. Ongoing audits will be used to evaluate the accuracy and quality of nutrition diagnosis statements. This evaluation will allow Providence Health Care dietitians to move forward with nutrition intervention.

  12. Exploring culture in the world of international nutrition and nutrition sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Centrone Stefani, Monique; Humphries, Debbie L

    2013-09-01

    This symposium was organized to bring insights from the social sciences into the awareness of nutrition scientists committed to developing and implementing effective nutrition interventions internationally. The symposium explored three different areas in the field where a more precise analysis of culture could enhance the effectiveness of nutrition science: 1) in the implementation of nutrition science research in the field; 2) in the collaboration of multiple stakeholders working to enhance nutrition in a national setting; and 3) in the language and discussions used to frame proposed changes in large scale food and nutrition security policy transnationally. Three social scientists, Monique Centrone Stefani, Lucy Jarosz, and David Pelletier were invited to share insights from their respective disciplines and respondents from within the field of nutrition provided initial reflections to better understand such perspectives. The symposium's interdisciplinary nature was designed to illustrate the challenge of multiple perspectives and methodologies and to advance understanding that could derive from such an exchange for those in the field of international nutrition seeking to decrease global hunger and malnutrition.

  13. Reduction of diabetes risk in routine clinical practice: are physical activity and nutrition interventions feasible and are the outcomes from reference trials replicable? A systematic review and meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morrell Stephen L

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The clinical effectiveness of intensive lifestyle interventions in preventing or delaying diabetes in people at high risk has been established from randomised trials of structured, intensive interventions conducted in several countries over the past two decades. The challenge is to translate them into routine clinical settings. The objective of this review is to determine whether lifestyle interventions delivered to high-risk adult patients in routine clinical care settings are feasible and effective in achieving reductions in risk factors for diabetes. Methods Data sources: MEDLINE (PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and grey literature were searched for English-language articles published from January 1990 to August 2009. The reference lists of all articles collected were checked to ensure that no relevant suitable studies were missed. Study selection: We included RCTs, before/after evaluations, cohort studies with or without a control group and interrupted time series analyses of lifestyle interventions with the stated aim of diabetes risk reduction or diabetes prevention, conducted in routine clinical settings and delivered by healthcare providers such as family physicians, practice nurses, allied health personnel, or other healthcare staff associated with a health service. Outcomes of interest were weight loss, reduction in waist circumference, improvement of impaired fasting glucose or oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT results, improvements in fat and fibre intakes, increased level of engagement in physical activity and reduction in diabetes incidence. Results Twelve from 41 potentially relevant studies were included in the review. Four studies were suitable for meta-analysis. A significant positive effect of the interventions on weight was reported by all study types. The meta-analysis showed that lifestyle interventions achieved weight and waist circumference reductions after one year

  14. 个体化体验式营养治疗对初发2型糖尿病患者的干预作用%The Interventional Effect of Individualized Experiential Nutritional Therapy on Primary Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetic Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑欣; 宋海曲

    2016-01-01

    目的:对初发2型糖尿病患者进行个体化体验式营养治疗,并评价其干预效果。方法将200例初发2型糖尿病患者随机分为观察组和对照组,各100例,其中观察组接受个体化体验式营养治疗,对照组采用传统的饮食教育方法。结果2组患者的空腹血糖、餐后2 h血糖、糖化血红蛋白和住院天数等方面比较差异显著。结论个体化体验式营养治疗更有利于对糖尿病患者的血糖管理,是一种新型、有效的教育方式,在实践中切实可行。%Objective Treatments with individualized experiential nutritional therapy on the patients with primary type 2 diabetes, then evaluate the interventional effect.Methods 200 primary diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients were divided into control and observation group randomly, each group had 100 cases, the observation group was given individualized experiential nutrition therapy, while the compared group received the traditional methods of diet education.Results The differences between the two groups on fasting blood-glucose, postprandial 2 hours blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin and hospitalization days were signiifcant. Conclusion The individualized experiential nutrition therapy is more beneifcial to the blood glucose management in patients with diabetes, it is a new and effective way of education, and it makes sense in practice.

  15. 以“膳食红绿灯”为重点的营养干预对社区代谢综合征高危人群的影响%Effect of“dietary traffic lights” on nutritional intervention for high-risk metabolic syndrome patients in the community

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    缪琴; 张片红; 缪英; 董凯

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of “dietary traffic lights” on nutritional intervention for high-risk metabolic syndrome ( MS ) patients in the community .Methods Selected 272 high-risk MS patients over 50 years old from 2 communities, who had completed physical examination data from August to September , 2012 .They were divided into the the nutrition group ( n=133 ) and the control group ( n=139 ) , by tossing a coin.The control group was received routine health education , while the nutrition group was given one-to-one nutritional intervention .We evaluated the mastering of health diet after one month and 8 related index changes before and after intervention at one year after the nutrition education .Results The mean score of the nutrition group was (11.61 ±1.04), which was significantly higher than the control group of (7.27 ±3.73) (t=12.92, P<0.01).After one year of intervention , the systolic blood pressure , diastolic blood pressure, body mass index, fasting glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol and LDL were (128.49 ±9.24) mmHg, (23.74 ±2.24)kg/m2, (5.85 ±1.16) mmol/L, (1.96 ±0.88) mmol/L, (4.47 ±1.10) mmol/L and (2.80 ±0.86)mmol/L, respectively;which were significantly better than (140.65 ±13.11)mmHg, (24.51 ± 3.16) kg/m2, (6.76 ±1.07) mmol/L, (2.42 ±0.89) mmol/L, (5.16 ±0.95) mmol/L and (3.23 ± 0.69)mmol/L.The differences were statistically significant (t=-8.81, -2.30, -6.73, -4.25, -5.36,-4.58, respectively; P<0.01).Conclusions Nutritional intervention with “dietary traffic lights”-focused can effectively reduce 8 related index for the community high-risk patients with MS .%目的:研究以“膳食红绿灯”为重点的营养干预对社区代谢综合征( MS)高危人群的影响。方法对2012年8-9月在本中心进行健康体检的2个社区的企业退休人员中选择年龄≥50岁的MS高危人群共272人,采用掷硬币法将其中一个社区定为营养组( n=133),

  16. MedlinePlus: Toddler Nutrition

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Toddler Nutrition -- see more articles Reference Desk Toddler Nutrition and Health Resource List (Department of Agriculture) - PDF Find an ... Related Health Topics Child Nutrition Infant and Newborn Nutrition National Institutes of Health The primary NIH organization for research on Toddler ...

  17. Effect of chemoradiotherapy on nutrition status of patients with nasopharyngeal cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Jin-Sheng; Wu, Li-Hong; Su, Li; Zhang, Hai-Rong; Lv, Wen-Long; Zhang, Wei-Jian; Tian, Jun

    2016-01-01

    We aimed to assess the effect of chemoradiotherapy on the nutritional status of patients with nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) and to detect the risk factors for poor nutrition status in NPC patients after radiotherapy. A total of 104 NPC patients participated in this clinical observational study. Psychological distress and nutritional indicators were measured prior to chemoradiotherapy. During the course of radiation therapy, side effect symptoms were assessed weekly. At the end of radiotherapy, nutritional indicators were measured again. Logistic regression was used to identify the risk factors for poor nutritional status after radiotherapy. The values of the 9 nutritional indicators were significantly lower after radiotherapy (P effect score (P = 0.007), and moderate nutritional status before radiotherapy (P = 0.015). Radiotherapy affects the nutritional status of NPC patients. To prevent malnutrition during radiotherapy, nutritional assessment and intervention should be an integral part of treatment. PMID:26709739

  18. Sistema de control y aseguramiento de la calidad: Su lugar dentro de un programa de intervención alimentaria, nutrimental y metabólica Quality control an assessment system: Its location within a program for food, nutrition and metabolic intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Santana Porbén

    2012-06-01

    hospital environment is presented in this article. The design proposal is accompanied of the results of inspections conducted by the hospital NST Nutritional Support Group between 2005-2010. The system design includes quality policies that should rule the useful and safe conduction of such processes, the recording and documentary foundations of the System, and the quality control and assessment exercises for the continuous verification of such established policies. The current state of the conduction of these processes was documented from secondary records opened by the NST after satisfying consultation requests from the medical care teams of the institution. Inspections conducted by the NST revealed that less than half of clinical charts contained information minimally enough for elaborating nutritional judgments, almost one-fifth of the assisted patients were on Nils Per Oris, for whom no nutritional support schemes were prescribed, and a low prescription and usage of artificial nutrition schemes. Corrective measures adopted by the NST served to significantly increase the rates of successful completion of inspected processes. Quality assurance of feeding and nutritional care processes is a practical as well as an intellectual activity subjected to constant remodeling, in order to always warrant the fulfillment of quality policies advanced by the NST, and thus, that the patient benefits from the prescribed nutritional intervention strategy.

  19. Total parenteral nutrition

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000177.htm Total parenteral nutrition To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) will help you or your child get ...

  20. Nutrition and Myasthenia Gravis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Good nutrition is important for everyone. This is especially true when you have a chronic disorder like myasthenia gravis ( ... difficulty with chewing and swallowing may interfere with nutrition and create safety issues. Diet modifications may be ...