Sample records for cl cn nc

  1. All-trans-[ClRu(II)(py)4(NC)Ru(II)(py)4(CN)Ru(II)(py)4(NO)](PF6)4: a redox-active 2-donor/1-acceptor system based on the electrophilic {RuNO}6 motif. (United States)

    De Candia, Ariel G; Singh, Priti; Kaim, Wolfgang; Slep, Leonardo D


    The new linear homotrinuclear compound trans-[ClRu(II)(py)(4)(NC)Ru(II)(py)(4)(CN)Ru(II)(py)(4)(NO)](PF(6))(4) was prepared by reaction between the nitro complex trans-[(NC)Ru(II)(py)(4)(CN)Ru(II)(py)(4)(NO(2))](+) and the solvento complex obtained by reaction between [ClRu(II)(py)(4)(NO)](3+) and N(3)(-) in acetone. The trans-[ClRu(II)(py)(4) (NC)Ru(II)(py)(4)(CN)Ru(II)(py)(4)(NO)](4+) ion (I) has been characterized by (1)H NMR and IR spectroscopy (nu(NO) = 1919 cm(-1)). This species displays intense electronic absorptions in the visible region which can be assigned to donor-acceptor charge-transfer transitions (DACT) involving {RuNO}(6)-centered acceptor orbitals and donor orbitals located on the two different neighboring metal centers at ca. 6.7 and 12.6 A distance from the metal in the {RuNO}(6) fragment. Addition of OH(-) to I generated the nitro complex with a second-order rate constant of (12.5 +/- 0.2) x 10(3) M(-1) s(-1) (25 degrees C). Cyclic voltammetry experiments complemented by spectroelectrochemistry in the UV-vis-NIR region reveal that I can be reversibly reduced at 0.49 or 0.20 V vs AgCl/Ag for acetonitrile and water, respectively, and oxidized at 0.71 or 0.57 V vs AgCl/Ag. The spectroscopic and spectroelectrochemical information (UV-vis-NIR, X-band EPR) supplemented with electronic structure computation (DFT) reveals that the one-electron reduction is centered on the nitrosyl moiety to yield a {RuNO}(7) species, while oxidation occurs on the chlororuthenium side of the molecule. Both processes yield significant changes of the electronic spectra which are discussed in parallel with the electronic structure picture as obtained by DFT.

  2. Prediction of the Spectroscopic Parameters of New Iron Compounds: Hydride of Iron Cyanide/Isocyanide, HFeCN/HFeNC (United States)

    Redondo, Pilar; Barrientos, Carmen; Largo, Antonio


    Iron is the most abundant transition metal in space. Its abundance is similar to that of magnesium, and until today only, FeO and FeCN have been detected. However, magnesium-bearing compounds such as MgCN, MgNC, and HMgNC are found in IRC+10216. It seems that the hydrides of iron cyanide/isocyanide could be good candidates to be present in space. In the present work we carried out a characterization of the different minima on the quintet and triplet [C, Fe, H, N] potential energy surfaces, employing several theoretical approaches. The most stable isomers are predicted to be hydride of iron cyanide HFeCN, and isocyanide HFeNC, in their 5Δ states. Both isomers are found to be quasi-isoenergetics. The HFeNC isomer is predicted to lie about 0.5 kcal/mol below HFeCN. The barrier for the interconversion process is estimated to be around 6.0 kcal/mol, making this process unfeasible under low temperature conditions, such as those in the interstellar medium. Therefore, both HFeCN and HFeNC could be candidates for their detection. We report geometrical parameters, vibrational frequencies, and rotational constants that could help with their experimental characterization.

  3. Synthesis and Crystal Structure of an Ionic Compound [Fe(CN)6(phCH2NC5H5)3]·(H2O)4

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    A novel ionic compound [Fe(CN)6(phCH2NC5H5)3]·(H2O)4(Mr = 794.71) has been synthesized and its structure was characterized by IR, elemental analysis and X-ray diffraction. The compound crystallizes in monoclinic, space group P21/c with a = 10.837(2), b = 16.551(3), c = 23.402(5) (A), β = 97.531(4)°V = 4161.0(15)(A)3, Z = 4, Dc = 1.269 g/cm3, F(000) = 1668, μ = 0.414 mm-1, R = 0.0479 and wR = 0.1232. The building unit of the title compound consists of three (phCH2N+C5H5) ions, one [Fe(CN)6]3- anion and four water molecules. According to the structural analysis, [Fe(CN)6]3- are linked together by O-H…N and O-H…O hydrogen bonds, but [Fe(CN)6]3- and [(phCH2N+C5H5)3] ions are bound by electrostatic force to form an ionic compound.Keywords: N-benzyl-pyridine, ferricyanic anion, crystal structure, supramolecular, ionic compound.

  4. Rheological properties of gamma irradiated [Me3NC2H4OH]+[Zn2Cl5]- and [Me3NC2H4OH]+[Zn3Cl7]- ionic liquids

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李倩妹; 罗迎社; 吴国忠; 陈仕谋


    The objective of this work is to verify the rheological behavior of irradiated [Me3NC2H4OH]+[Zn2Cl5]-and [Me3NC2H4OH]+[Zn3Cl7]-ionic liquids in comparison to the unirradiated ones,the viscosities were measured by a strain-control experiment under different irradiation doses’ samples(0,10,20,50,100 kGy) at different shear rates and temperatures.The curves of shear stress against shear rate present that the viscosity of ionic liquid is insensitive to shear rate;the viscosity of ionic liquids decreases with increasing temperature,and can be fitted by Arrhenius equation very well.Gamma radiation causes a decrease of viscosity of [Me3NC2H4OH]+[Zn3Cl7]-by greater than 10%,but it does not impair the viscosity of [Me3NC2H4OH]+[Zn2Cl5]-(within the experimental error) except 20 kGy irradiated sample.The results show that the radiation stability of [Me3NC2H4OH]+[Zn2Cl5]-is higher than that of [Me3NC2H4OH]+[Zn3Cl7]-.

  5. Theoretical study on the reaction of CN radicals with ClO radicals by density functional theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    The reaction mechanism of CN radicals with ClO radicals has been studied theoretically using ab initio and density functional theory(DFT).The result shows that the main reaction path is the O atom in radical ClO attacks the C atom in radical CN to compose the intermediate 1 ClOCN.Three thermodynamically accessible prodncts,P1(CO+ClN),P3(NO+CCl),and P4(ClNCO),were obtained from intermediate 1 through isomerization and decomposition reactions.P4 is the primary product,and P1 and P3 are the secondary product.Compared with the singlet potential energy surface,the contribution of the triplet potential energy surface can be ignored.

  6. Concerted interaction between pnicogen and halogen bonds in XCl-FH2P-NH3 (X=F, OH, CN, NC, and FCC). (United States)

    Li, Qing-Zhong; Li, Ran; Liu, Xiao-Feng; Li, Wen-Zuo; Cheng, Jian-Bo


    We analyze the interplay between pnicogen-bonding and halogen-bonding interactions in the XCl-FH(2)P-NH(3) (X=F, OH, CN, NC, and FCC) complex at the MP2/aug-cc-pVTZ level. Synergetic effects are observed when pnicogen and halogen bonds coexist in the same complex. These effects are studied in terms of geometric and energetic features of the complexes. Natural bond orbital theory and Bader's theory of "atoms in molecules" are used to characterize the interactions and analyze their enhancement with varying electron density at critical points and orbital interactions. The physical nature of the interactions and the mechanism of the synergetic effects are studied using symmetry-adapted perturbation theory. By taking advantage of all the aforementioned computational methods, the present study examines how both interactions mutually influence each other.

  7. Interplay between halogen and chalcogen bonding in the XCl∙∙∙OCS∙∙∙NH₃ (X = F, OH, NC, CN, and FCC) complex. (United States)

    Zhao, Qiang


    The interplay between halogen and chalcogen bonding in the XCl∙∙∙OCS and XCl∙∙∙OCS∙∙∙NH3 (X = F, OH, NC, CN, and FCC) complex was studied at the MP2/6-311++G(d,p) computational level. Cooperative effect is observed when halogen and chalcogen bonding coexist in the same complex. The effect is studied by means of binding distance, interaction energy, and cooperative energy. Molecular electrostatic potential calculation reveals the electrostatic nature of the interactions. Cooperative effect is explained by the difference of the electron density. Second-order stabilization energy was calculated to study the orbital interaction in the complex. Atoms in molecules analysis was performed to analyze the enhancement of the electron density in the bond critical point.

  8. [ReCl4(CN)2]2-: a high magnetic anisotropy building unit giving rise to the single-chain magnets (DMF)4MReCl4(CN)2 (M = Mn, Fe, Co, Ni). (United States)

    Harris, T David; Bennett, Miriam V; Clérac, Rodolphe; Long, Jeffrey R


    An S = 3/2, high-anisotropy building unit, trans-[ReCl(4)(CN)(2)](2-), representing the first paramagnetic complex with a mixture of just cyanide and halide ligands, has been synthesized through the reaction of (Bu(4)N)CN with ReCl(4)(THF)(2). This species is characterized in detail and employed in directing the formation of a series of one-dimensional coordination solids of formula (DMF)(4)MReCl(4)(CN)(2) (M = Mn (2), Fe (3), Co (4), Ni (5)). Variable-temperature dc magnetic susceptibility measurements demonstrate the presence of intrachain antiferromagnetic (2) and ferromagnetic (3-5) exchange coupling within these solids. In addition, probing the ac magnetic susceptibility as a function of both temperature and frequency reveals that all of the chain compounds exhibit slow relaxation of the magnetization. The relaxation time is shown to be thermally activated, with energy barriers to relaxation of Delta(tau) = 31, 56, 17, and 20 cm(-1) for 2-5, respectively. Notably, the field-dependent magnetization of the iron congener exhibits a significant hysteresis effect at low temperature, with a coercive field of H(C) = 1.0 T, thus demonstrating magnetlike behavior in this one-dimensional system. Finally, the magnetization dynamics of all solids occur within the finite-size regime, where the magnetic domain growth is limited due to physical defects along the chains within the crystals.

  9. Characterization of organic-inorganic hybrid layered perovskite and intercalated compound (n-C12H25NH3)2ZnCl4 (United States)

    Abdel-Kader, M. M.; Aboud, A. I.; Gamal, W. M.


    We report on some electrical properties and solid-solid phase transitions of organic-inorganic hybrid layered halide perovskite and intercalated compound (n-C12H25NH3)2ZnCl4 which is one member of the long-chain compounds of the series (n-CnH2n+1NH3)2,(n = 8-18). The complex dielectric permittivity ɛ*(ω,T) and the ac conductivity σ (ω,T) were measured as functions of temperature 100 K phase transition at T ≈ (362 ± 2) K, where the compound changes its state from intercalation to non-intercalation with a drastic increase in the c-axis by about 16.4%. The behavior of the frequency-dependent conductivity follows the Jonscher universal power law: σ (ω, T) αῳs(ῳ,T). The mechanism of electrical conduction in the low-temperature phase (phase II) can be described as quantum mechanical tunneling model.

  10. Condensed-phase effects on the structural properties of FCH2CN-BF3 and ClCH2CN-BF3: a matrix-isolation and computational study. (United States)

    Buchberger, Amanda R; Danforth, Samuel J; Bloomgren, Kaitlin M; Rohde, John A; Smith, Elizabeth L; Gardener, Colin C A; Phillips, James A


    We have measured several IR bands of FCH2CN-BF3 and ClCH2CN-BF3 in solid nitrogen, argon, and neon. These bands include the B-F asymmetric stretch (νBF(a)), the B-F symmetric stretch (νBF(s)), the BF3 symmetric deformation or "umbrella" mode (δBF(s)), and the CN stretch (νCN). For both complexes, the frequencies of these modes shift across the various media, particularly the B-F asymmetric stretching band, and thus they indicate that the inert gas matrix environments significantly alter the structural properties of FCH2CN-BF3 and ClCH2CN-BF3. Furthermore, the frequencies shift in a manner that parallels the dielectric constant of these media, which suggests a progressive contraction of the B-N distances in these systems and also that it parallels the ability of the medium to stabilize the increase in polarity that accompanies the bond contraction. We have also mapped the B-N distance potentials for FCH2CN-BF3 and ClCH2CN-BF3 using several density functional and post-Hartree-Fock methods, all of which reveal a flat, shelflike region that extends from the gas-phase minimum (near 2.4 Å) toward the inner wall (to about 1.7 Å). Furthermore, we were able to rationalize the medium effects on the structure by constructing hybrid bond potentials composed of the electrostatic component of the solvation free energy and the gas-phase electronic energy. These curves indicate that the solvation energies are greatest at short B-N distances (at which the complex is more polar), and ultimately, the potential minima shift inward as the dielectric constant of the medium increases.

  11. H+ClCN→HCl+CN: Product excitations and reaction mechanism at Ec.m. ≂21.6 kcal mol-1 (United States)

    de Juan, J.; Callister, S.; Reisler, H.; Segal, G. A.; Wittig, C.


    Nascent CN(X 2Σ) rovibrational and kinetic energy distributions have been obtained for the title reaction using laser induced fluorescence, and regions of the HClCN potential energy surface appropriate to the observed HCl+CN channel, as well as the HCN+Cl and HNC+Cl channels, have been calculated ab initio at the MP4/3-21G* level. The CN spectator has low internal excitation; the average fractions of the available energy deposited in CN vibration and rotation are ˜0 and =0.06, respectively, with the rotational distribution corresponding to a temperature of ˜950 K. Sub-Doppler resolution spectroscopy on several CN B 2Σ←X 2Σ transitions provides an average value for the fraction of the available energy appearing as center-of-mass kinetic energy, =0.33, as well as approximate kinetic energy distributions for specific CN V,R levels. Since the kinetic energy distributions are for specific CN levels, the corresponding HCl internal energy distributions are obtained by energy conservation, and the experimental results indicate a vibrational population inversion in HCl. Product energy disposal is similar to that of many ``light+heavy-heavy'' systems which exhibit repulsive energy release and which prefer end-on rather than broadside entrance channels. The dominant reaction pathways are probably HCN+Cl and HNC+Cl, with HCl+CN being minor. Because of the competitiveness between the chemically distinct product channels, the entrance channel associated with the observed products is more stereospecifically constrained than for a similar reaction which has a single set of products. The ab initio calculations suggest that end-on encounters can be reactive, thus accounting for the observed channel. A local minimum exists for a three-center structure involving hydrogen, chlorine, and carbon, and the barrier from here to HCN+Cl is small. Broadside approaches give rise to HCN+Cl, and we therefore surmise that the observed products derive predominantly from encounters in which

  12. Investigation of the CH3Cl + CN(-) reaction in water: Multilevel quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics study. (United States)

    Xu, Yulong; Zhang, Jingxue; Wang, Dunyou


    The CH3Cl + CN(-) reaction in water was studied using a multilevel quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (MM) method with the multilevels, electrostatic potential, density functional theory (DFT) and coupled-cluster single double triple (CCSD(T)), for the solute region. The detailed, back-side attack SN2 reaction mechanism was mapped along the reaction pathway. The potentials of mean force were calculated under both the DFT and CCSD(T) levels for the reaction region. The CCSD(T)/MM level of theory presents a free energy activation barrier height at 20.3 kcal/mol, which agrees very well with the experiment value at 21.6 kcal/mol. The results show that the aqueous solution has a dominant role in shaping the potential of mean force. The solvation effect and the polarization effect together increase the activation barrier height by ∼11.4 kcal/mol: the solvation effect plays a major role by providing about 75% of the contribution, while polarization effect only contributes 25% to the activation barrier height. Our calculated potential of mean force under the CCSD(T)/MM also has a good agreement with the one estimated using data from previous gas-phase studies.

  13. Preparation and Thermochemistrg of Crystalline Compound( n-C12 H25 NH3 ) 2 CdCl4 ( s)%晶体化合物( n-C12 H25 NH3 ) 2 CdCl4 ( s )的制备及热化学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓兰; 王建军; 范妮; 张静; 倪俊超; 陈经涛


    The crystal compounds synthesized by the hydrothermal synthesis of (n-C12H25NH3)2 CdCl4(s);compound were calculated based on the thermochemical principle ( n-C12 H25 NH3 ) 2 CdCl4 ( s) of the lattice energy of 889. 81 kJ·mol-1 . Using isothermal solution reaction calorimeter,the standard molar enthalpy of the compound was obtained:[n-C12H25NH3)2 CdCl4,S] = - (1 836. 23 + 7. 95) kJ David mol-1.%用水热合成法合成了晶体化合物 (n-C12H25NH3)2 CdCl4(s);根据热化学原理计算了化合物(n-C12H25 NH3)2 CdCl4(s)的晶格能为889. 81 kJ·mol-1. 利用等温溶解-反应热量计,得到了该化合物的标准的摩尔焓: [(n-C12H25NH3)2 CdCl4,s] = -(1836.23 ±7.95) kJ·mol-1.

  14. Study on the covalence of Cu and chemical bonding in an inorganic fullerene-like molecule, [CuCl]20[Cp*FeP5]12[Cu-(CH3CN)2+Cl-]5, by a density functional approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Bingwu; XU Guangxian; CHEN Zhida


    The electronic structure and chemical bonding in a recently synthesized inorganic fullerene-like molecule, {[CuCl]20[Cp*FeP5]12 [Cu(CH3CN)+2Cl-]5}, has been studied by a density functional approach. Geometrical optimization of the three basic structural units of the molecule is performed with Amsterdam Density Functional Program. The results are in agreement with the experiment. Localized MO's obtained by Boys-Foster method give a clear picture of the chemical bonding in this molecule. The reason why CuCl can react with Cp*FeP5 in solvent CH3CN to form the fullerene-like molecule is explained in terms of the soft-hard Lewis acid base theory and a new concept of covalence.

  15. Nuclear magnetic resonance study of the ferroelastic phase transition of order-disorder type in [N(C2H5)4]2CdCl4 (United States)

    Lim, Ae Ran; Kim, Min Soo; Lim, Kye-Young


    This study uses nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques to examine the detailed changes in [N(C2H5)4]2CdCl4 around its phase transition at the temperature TC = 284 K. The chemical shifts and spin-lattice relaxation times in the rotating frame (T1ρ) were determined from 1H magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR and 13C cross-polarization (CP)/MAS NMR spectra. The two sets of inequivalent 1H and 13C nuclei in CH3 and CH2 were distinguished. A ferroelastic phase transition was observed at TC, without structural symmetry change. The phase transition is mainly attributed to the orientational ordering of the [N(C2H5)4]+ cations, and the spectral splitting at low temperature is associated with different ferroelastic domains.

  16. LDA+DMFT investigation of the organic charge transfer salt κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Cl (United States)

    Feldner, Helene; Jacko, Anthony; Rose, Eva; Dressel, Martin; Valenti, Roser; Jeschke, Harald O.


    We combine density functional theory with dynamical mean field theory for the study of organic molecular crystals using a new scheme to construct molecular Wannier functions. We calculate spectral and optical properties for the strongly correlated material κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Cl. The new method allows us to analyze the contributions of intradimer and interdimer contributions to the optical conductivity on the same footing. We find in agreement with experiment that strong correlations lead to a Hubbard peak in the optical conductivity.

  17. Theoretical study on the reaction of CN radicals with ClO radicals by density functional theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG YuHong; HUANG XuRi; SUN ChiaChung


    The reaction mechanism of CN radicals with CIO radicals has been studied theoretically using ab initio and density functional theory (DFT).The result shows that the main reaction path is the O atom in radical CIO attacks the C atom in radical CN to compose the intermediate 1 CIOCN.Three thermodynamically accessible prodncts,P_1 (CO+CIN),P_3 (NO+CCI),and P_4 (CINCO),were obtained from intermediate 1 through isomerization and decomposition reactions.P_4 is the primary product,and P_1 and P_3 are the secondary product.Compared with the singlet potential energy surface,the contribution of the triplet potential energy surface can be ignored.

  18. Measurement of interlayer spin diffusion in the organic conductor {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]X, X=Cl, Br

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Antal, Agnes; Feher, Titusz [Institute of Physics, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, and Condensed Matter Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O.Box 91, H-1521 Budapest (Hungary); Nafradi, Balint [Institute of Physics, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, and Condensed Matter Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O.Box 91, H-1521 Budapest (Hungary); Institute of Condensed Matter Physics, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Gaal, Richard; Forro, Laszlo [Institute of Condensed Matter Physics, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland); Janossy, Andras, E-mail: atj@szfki.h [Institute of Physics, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, and Condensed Matter Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O.Box 91, H-1521 Budapest (Hungary)


    In organic conductors the overlap integral between layers is small, in-plane momentum scattering is rapid and transport perpendicular to the layers is expected to be blocked. We present a high frequency conduction electron spin resonance (CESR) study in the layered organic metals {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]X, X=Cl, Br, which verifies that the inter-layer spin hopping is effectively blocked. The method relies on resolving the CESR lines of adjacent layers in which the orientation of the g-factor tensors differs. We find that at ambient pressure and in the metallic phase the electron spin diffusion is two dimensional in both the X=Cl and Br compounds, i.e. electrons diffuse longer than the spin lifetime within a single molecular layer without inter-layer hopping. Application of pressure at 250 K increases rapidly the inter-layer hopping rate of spins.

  19. Theoretical study of the interaction mechanism of single-electron halogen bond complexes H3C…Br-Y(Y=H,CN,NC,CCH,C2H3)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    The characteristics and structures of single-electron halogen bond complexes H3C…Br-Y(Y = H,CCH,CN,NC,C2H3) have been investigated by theoretical calculation methods.The geometries were optimized and frequencies calculated at the B3LYP/6-311++G level.The interaction energies were corrected for basis set superposition error(BSSE) and the wavefunctions obtained by the natural bond orbital(NBO) and atom in molecule(AIM) analyses at the MP2/6-311++G level.For each H3C…Br-Y complex,a single-electron Br bond is formed between the unpaired electron of the CH3(electron donor) radical and the Br atom of Br-Y(electron acceptor);this kind of single-electron bromine bond also possesses the character of a"three-electron bond".Due to the formation of the single-electron Br bond,the C-H bonds of the CH3 radical bend away from the Br-Y moiety and the Br-Y bond elongates,giving red-shifted single-electron Br bond complexes.The effects of substituents,hybridization of the carbon atom,and solvent on the properties of the complexes have been investigated.The strengths of single-electron hydrogen bonds,single-electron halogen bonds and single-electron lithium bonds have been compared.In addition,the single-electron halogen bond system is discussed in the light of the first three criteria for hydrogen bonding proposed by Popelier.

  20. Crystal structure and AC conductivity mechanism of [N(C3H7)4]2CoCl4 compound (United States)

    Moutia, N.; Oueslati, A.; Ben Gzaiel, M.; Khirouni, K.


    We found that the new organic-inorganic compound [N(C3H7)4]2 CoCl4, crystallizes at room temperature in the centrosymmetric monoclinic system with P21/c space group. The atomic arrangement can be described by an alternation of organic and organic-inorganic layers parallel to the (001) plan. Indeed, the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) studies indicate a presence of three order-disorder phase transitions located at 332, 376 and 441 K. Furthermore, the conductivity was measured in the frequency range from 200 MHz to 5 MHz and temperatures between 318 K and 428 K using impedance spectroscopy. Analysis of the AC conductivity experimental data obtained, and the frequency exponent s with theoretical models reveals that the correlated barrier hopping (CBH) model is the appropriate mechanism for conduction in the title compound. The analysis of the dielectric constants ε ‧ and ε ″ versus temperature, at several frequencies, shows a distribution of relaxation times. This relaxation is probably due to the reorientational dynamics of [N(C3H7)4]+ cations.

  1. Origin of selenium-gold interaction in F2CSe⋯AuY (Y = CN, F, Cl, Br, OH, and CH3): Synergistic effects. (United States)

    Guo, Xin; Yang, Yu-Ping; Li, Qing-Zhong; Li, Hai-Bei


    Selenium-gold interaction plays an important role in crystal materials, molecular self-assembly, and pharmacochemistry involving gold. In this paper, we unveiled the mechanism and nature of selenium-gold interaction by studying complexes F2CSe⋯AuY (Y = CN, F, Cl, Br, OH, and CH3). The results showed that the formation of selenium-gold interaction is mainly attributed to the charge transfer from the lone pair of Se atom to the Au-Y anti-bonding orbital. Energy decomposition analysis indicated that the polarization energy is nearly equivalent to or exceeds the electrostatic term in the selenium-gold interaction. Interestingly, the chalcogen-gold interaction becomes stronger with the increase of chalcogen atomic mass in F2CX⋯AuCN (X = O, S, Se, and Te). The cyclic ternary complexes are formed with the introduction of NH3 into F2CSe⋯AuY, in which selenium-gold interaction is weakened and selenium-nitrogen interaction is strengthened due to the synergistic effects.

  2. Structural flexibility and role of vicinal 2-thienyl rings in 2,3-dicyano-5,6-di(2-thienyl)-1,4-pyrazine, [(CN)2Th2Pyz], its palladium(II) complex [(CN)2Th2Pyz(PdCl2)2], and the related pentametallic pyrazinoporphyrazines [(PdCl2)4Th8TPyzPzM] (M = Mg(II)(H2O), Zn(II)). (United States)

    Donzello, Maria Pia; De Mori, Giorgia; Viola, Elisa; Ercolani, Claudio; Bodo, Enrico; Mannina, Luisa; Capitani, Donatella; Rizzoli, Corrado; Gontrani, Lorenzo; Aquilanti, Giuliana; Kadish, Karl M; D'Angelo, Paola


    The solid state and solution structure of 2,3-dicyano-5,6-di(2-thienyl)-1,4-pyrazine, [(CN)(2)Th(2)Pyz], and its Pd(II) derivative, [(CN)(2)Th(2)Pyz(PdCl(2))(2)]·H(2)O, formed by reaction of [(CN)(2)Th(2)Pyz] with [(C(6)H(5)CN)(2)PdCl(2)] were characterized by X-ray, UV-visible, (1)H and (13)C NMR, and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectral measurements. The X-ray crystal structure of [(CN)(2)Th(2)Pyz] shows the presence of one thienyl ring positioned orthogonal to the rest of the molecule, with the two vicinal thienyl rings lying orthogonal to each other in a rare arrangement. NMR studies of [(CN)(2)Th(2)Pyz] in the solid state and in solutions of dimethylformamide or dimethyl sulfoxide confirm a nonequivalence of the thienyl rings in the solid state and also in solution. EXAFS results indicate that two distinct Pd(II) coordination sites are formed at the di(2-thienyl)pyrazino moiety of [(CN)(2)Th(2)Pyz(PdCl(2))(2)]·H(2)O, with identical Pd-N(pyz) (2.03(3) Å) and Pd-Cl (2.36(3) Å) bond lengths but with different Pd-S1 (2.25(4) Å) and Pd-S2 (3.21(5) Å) bond distances in an overall asymmetric molecular framework. Density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TDDFT) theoretical studies also provide information about the structure and spectral behavior of the precursor and its metalated Pd(II) derivative. (1)H/(13)C NMR and UV-visible spectral measurements were also carried out on two heteropentametallic porphyrazine macrocycles which were prepared by a reaction of PdCl(2) with [Th(8)TPyzPzM] where Th(8)TPyzPz = tetrakis-2,3-[5,6-di-(2-thienyl)-pyrazino]porphyrazinato dianion and M = Mg(II)(H(2)O) or Zn(II). Spectroscopic data on the newly synthesized [(PdCl(2))(4)Th(8)TPyzPzM] compounds suggest that the binding of PdCl(2) involves coordination sites of the type S(2(th))PdCl(2) with the two thienyl rings of each di(2-thienyl)pyrazino fragment bound to Pd(II) in an equivalent manner ("th-th" coordination). This is similar to what was

  3. Chaos in the classical mechanics of bound and quasi-bound HX-4He complexes with X = F, Cl, Br, CN. (United States)

    Gamboa, Antonio; Hernández, Henar; Ramilowski, Jordan A; Losada, J C; Benito, R M; Borondo, F; Farrelly, David


    The classical dynamics of weakly bound floppy van der Waals complexes have been extensively studied in the past except for the weakest of all, i.e., those involving He atoms. These complexes are of considerable current interest in light of recent experimental work focussed on the study of molecules trapped in small droplets of the quantum solvent (4)He. Despite a number of quantum investigations, details on the dynamics of how quantum solvation occurs remain unclear. In this paper, the classical rotational dynamics of a series of van der Waals complexes, HX-(4)He with X = F, Cl, Br, CN, are studied. In all cases, the ground state dynamics are found to be almost entirely chaotic, in sharp contrast to other floppy complexes, such as HCl-Ar, for which chaos sets in only at relatively high energies. The consequences of this result for quantum solvation are discussed. We also investigate rotationally excited states with J = 1 which, except for HCN-(4)He, are actually resonances that decay by rotational pre-dissociation.

  4. Unveiling the microscopic nature of correlated organic conductors: The case of κ-(ET)2Cu[N(CN)2]BrxCl1-x (United States)

    Ferber, Johannes; Foyevtsova, Kateryna; Jeschke, Harald O.; Valentí, Roser


    A few organic conductors show a diversity of exciting properties like Mott insulating behavior, spin liquid, antiferromagnetism, bad metal, or unconventional superconductivity controlled by small changes in temperature, pressure, or chemical substitution. While such a behavior can be technologically relevant for functional switches, a full understanding of its microscopic origin is still lacking and poses a challenge in condensed matter physics since these phases may be a manifestation of electronic correlation. Here we determine from first principles the microscopic nature of the electronic phases in the family of organic systems κ-(ET)2Cu[N(CN)2]BrxCl1-x by a combination of density functional theory calculations and the dynamical mean field theory approach in a form adapted for organic systems. By computing spectral and optical properties we are able to disentangle the origin of the various optical transitions in these materials and prove that correlations are responsible for relevant features. Remarkably, while some transitions are inherently affected by correlations, others are completely uncorrelated. We discuss the consequences of our findings for the phase diagram in these materials.

  5. Electrical properties and conduction mechanism of [N(C2H5)4][N(CH3)4]CuCl4 compound (United States)

    Drissi, N.; Karoui, K.; Jomni, F.; Rhaiem, A. Ben


    The [N(CH3)4][N(C2H5)4]CuCl4 single crystal has been synthetized in order to determinate the temperatures transition and to study the electrical properties and the conduction mechanism. At room temperature, this compound crystallizes in the tetragonal system with P-421m space group. The calorimetric study shows three anomalies at 248, 284 and 326 K. Electrical conduction and dielectrical relaxation mechanisms at various frequencies and temperatures were analyzed by impedance spectroscopy and the equivalent circuit based on the Z-View-software was proposed. The variation of fp relaxation determinate by the modulus study and σdc specific to the AC conductivity as a function of temperature and confirm the all transitions for our sample. The values of the activation energy are determined and compared by those, which are found in the similar compound. Frequencies dependence of alternative current (AC) conductivity is interpreted in terms of Jonscher's law and the conduction mechanisms for each phase are determined with the Elliot's theory.

  6. Syntheses,Spectroscopic Properties and Crystal Structures of (2-Cl-C6H4CH2)3SnS2CN(C5H10) and (2-Cl-C6H4CH2)3SnS2CN(C4H9N)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹汉东; 王传华; 邢秋菊


    Two tri(2-chlorobenzyl)tin(IV) complexes with dithiocarbamate ligands (2-Cl- C6H4CH2)3SnS2CN(C5H10) 1 and (2-Cl-C6H4CH2)3SnS2CN(C4H9N) 2 have been synthesized by the reaction of tri(2-chlorobenzyl)tin(IV) chloride with dithiocarbamates and characterized by elemental analysis, IR and 1H NMR. The crystal structures were determined by X-ray single-crystal diffraction. The crystal of complex 1 belongs to triclinic, space group Pī with a = 9.121(5), b = 10.788(6), c = 15.549(8)(A), α = 77.812(6), β = 88.279(8), γ = 72.023(6)°, Z = 2, V = 1421.5(13) (A)3, Dc = 1.532 g/cm3, μ = 1.344 mm-1, F(000) = 660, R = 0.0382 and wR = 0.0984; and that of complex 2 is of monoclinic, space group P21/n with a = 13.892(10), b = 2.1274(8), c = 2.0553(15) (A), β = 107.145(11)°, Z = 4, V = 2726(3) (A)3, Dc = 1.600 g/cm3, μ = 1.403 mm-1, F(000) = 1320, R = 0.0361 and wR = 0.0826. Their structures show a distorted trigonal bipyramidal configuration with five- coordination for the central tin atoms.

  7. Reactivity of [M2 (μ-Cl)2 (cod)2 ] (M=Ir, Rh) and [Ru(Cl)2 (cod)(CH3 CN)2 ] with Na[H2 B(bt)2 ]: Formation of Agostic versus Borate Complexes. (United States)

    Bakthavachalam, K; Yuvaraj, K; Zafar, Mohammad; Ghosh, Sundargopal


    Treatment of [M2 (μ-Cl)2 (cod)2 ] (M=Ir and Rh) with Na[H2 B(bt)2 ] (cod=1,5-cyclooctadiene and bt=2-mercaptobenzothiazolyl) at low temperature led to the formation of dimetallaheterocycles [(Mcod)2 (bt)2 ], 1 and 2 (1: M=Ir and 2: M=Rh) and a borate complex [Rh(cod){κ(2) -S,S'-H2 B(bt)2 }], 3. Compounds 1 and 2 are structurally characterized metal analogues of 1,5-cyclooctadiene. Metal-metal bond distances of 3.6195(9) Å in 1 and 3.6749(9) Å in 2 are too long to consider as bonding. In an attempt to generate the Ru analogue of 1 and 2, that is [(Rucod)2 (bt)2 ], we have carried out the reaction of [Ru(Cl)2 (cod)(CH3 CN)2 ] with Na[H2 B(bt)2 ]. Interestingly, the reaction yielded agostic complexes [Ru(cod)L{κ(3) -H,S,S'-H2 B(bt)2 }], 4 and 5 (4: L=Cl; 5: L=C7 H4 NS2 ). One of the key differences between 4 and 5 is the presence of different ancillary ligands at the metal center. The natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis of 1 and 2 shows that there is four lone pairs of electrons on each metal center with a significant amount of d character. Furthermore, the electronic structures and the bonding of these complexes have been established on the ground of quantum-chemical calculations. All of the new compounds were characterized by IR, (1) H, (11) B, (13) C NMR spectroscopy, and X-ray crystallographic analysis.

  8. [Computation of the K+, Na+ and Cl- fluxes through plasma membrane of animal cell with Na+/K+ pump, NKCC, NC cotransporters, and ionic channels with and without non-Goldman rectification in K+ channels. Norma and apoptosis]. (United States)

    Rubashkin, A A; Iurinskaia, V E; Vereninov, A A


    The balance of K+, Na+ and Cl- fluxes through cell membrane with the Na+/K+ pump, ion channels and NKCC and NC cotransporters is considered. It is shown that all unidirectional K+, Na+ and Cl- fluxes through cell membrane, permeability coefficients of ion channels and membrane potential can be computed for balanced ion distribution between cell and the medium if K+, Na+ and Cl- concentration in cell water and three fluxes are known: total Cl- flux, total K+ influx and ouabain-inhibitable "pump" component of the K+ influx. Changes in the mortovalent ion balance in lymphoid cells U937 induced to apoptosis by 1 microM staurosporine are analyzed as an example. It is found that the apoptotic shift in ion and water balance in studied cells is caused by a decrease in the pump activity which is accompanied by a decrease in the integral permeability of Na+ channels without significant increase in K+ and Cl- channel permeabilities. Computation shows that only a small part of the total fluxes of K+, Na+ and Cl- accounts for the fluxes via NKCC and NC cotransporters. Therefore, cotransport fluxes can not be studied using inhibitors.

  9. A kinetic model for photoswitching of magnetism in the high spin molecule [Mo(IV)(CN)2(CN-Cu(II)(tren))6](ClO4)8. (United States)

    Raghunathan, Rajamani; Ramasesha, S; Mathonière, Corine; Marvaud, Valérie


    The heptanuclear complex [Mo(IV)(CN)2(CN-CuL)6]8+ switches from a paramagnetic dark state corresponding to six spin-1/2 Cu(II) ions to a predominantly high spin S = 3 state, on prolonged irradiation with 406 nm laser radiation at low temperature. The system returns to a paramagnetic state on warming to room temperature. The temperature dependence of the chiMT vs. T curve depends upon duration of irradiation. An earlier microscopic model showed that the excitation cross sections in different spin manifolds are similar in magnitude and that photomagnetism is not due to preferential excitation to the S = 3 state. In this paper, we attribute photomagnetism to a long lived S = 3 charge transfer excited state for which there appears to be sufficient experimental evidence. Based on this postulate, we model the photomagnetism by employing a kinetic model which includes internal conversions and intersystem crossings. The key feature of the model is the assumption of the existence of two kinds of S = 3 states: one of which has no direct pathway for internal conversion and the other characterized by slow kinetics for internal conversion to the low-energy states. The trapped S = 3 state can decay via a thermally activated barrier to the other S = 3 state. The experimental chiMT vs. T for two different irradiation times are fitted using Arrhenius dependence of the rate constants in the model.

  10. A kinetic model for photoswitching of magnetism in the high spin molecule [Mo(iv)(CN)2(CN Cu(ii)(tren))6](ClO4)8 (United States)

    Raghunathan, Rajamani; Ramasesha, S.; Mathonière, Corine; Marvaud, Valérie

    The heptanuclear complex [Mo(IV)(CN)2(CN-CuL)6]8+ exhibits photomagnetism. An earlier microscopic model showed that the transition dipole moments for excitation in different spin manifolds are similar in magnitude. In this paper, we attribute photomagnetism to the long lived S=3 charge transfer excited state for which there appears to be sufficient experimental evidence. We model the photomagnetism by employing a kinetic model which includes internal conversions and intersystem crossings. The key feature of the model is assumption of the existence of two kinds of S=3 states: one which has no direct pathway for internal conversion and the other characterized by slow kinetics for internal conversion to the low-energy states. The trapped S=3 state can decay via a thermally activated barrier to the other S=3 state. The experimental temperature dependence of magnetization plot is fitted using rate constants with Arrhenius dependence. The two different experimental cMT vs. T curves obtained with different irradiation times are fitted with our model. Our studies show that the photomagnetism in these systems is governed by kinetics and not due to differences in oscillator strengths for excitation of the different spin states.

  11. Experimental cross-sections energy dependence and an ab initio electronic structure survey of the ground singlet potential surface for reactive Li(+) + n-C(3)H(7)Cl collisions at low energies. (United States)

    Lucas, José María; de Andrés, Jaime; Albertí, Margarita; Bofill, Josep Maria; Bassi, Davide; Aguilar, Antonio


    Reactive collisions between n-C(3)H(7)Cl molecules and lithium ions both in their ground electronic state have been studied in the 0.05-7.00 eV center of mass energy range using an octopole radio frequency guided-ion beam apparatus developed in our laboratory and recently modified. At low collision energies, dehydrohalogenation reactions leading to Li(C(3)H(6))(+) and Li(HCl)(+) are the main reaction channels, while on increasing energies C(3)H(7)(+) and C(2)H(3)(+) formation become dominant. Cross section energy dependences in arbitrary units for all these reactions have been measured. Also, ab initio electronic structure calculations at the MP2 level have been performed to obtain information about the potential energy surface on which the reactive processes take place. The reactants' entrance channel leads to the formation of a stable [Li-n-C(3)H(7)Cl](+) ion-molecule adduct that, following an intrinsic-reaction-coordinate pathway and surmounting a transition state, isomerizes to [Li-i-C(3)H(7)Cl](+). From this second minimum, dehydrohalogenation reactions for both n-C(3)H(7)Cl and i-C(3)H(7)Cl share a common reaction pathway leading to the same products. All potential barriers explored by reactions always lie below the reactants' energy. The entrance reaction channel [Li-n-C(3)H(7)Cl](+) adduct also leads adiabatically to C(3)H(7)(+) formation which, on increasing collision energy generates C(2)H(3)(+)via a unimolecular decomposition. A qualitative interpretation of the experimental results based on our ab initio calculations is also given.

  12. 一种镧系-过渡金属二维氰桥配合物[Nd(DMSO)2(H2O)2][Ni(CN)4]Cl(DMSO=二甲亚砜)的合成和晶体结构%Synthesis and Crystal Structure of a Cyano-Bridged Lanthanide-Transition-Metal Complex [Nd(DMSO)2(H2O)2][Ni(CN)4]Cl (DMSO=Dimethylsulfoxide) with Two-dimensional Gridding Molecule Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁淑惠; 车云霞; 郑吉民


    The cyano-bridged bimetallic complex [Nd(DMSO)2(H2O)2][Ni(CN)4]Cl with two-dimensional gridding molecule structure was synthesized and characterized. In the complex all four cyano groups of unit Ni(CN)42- are bound to Nd3+ ions. The crystal data for the title complex: monoclinic, space group P21/c, a=0.780 0(3) nm,b=1.5097(6) nm, c=1.683 2(6) nm, β=115.231(14)°, Z=4, μ=4.311 mm-1, final R1=0.020 9, wR2=0.045 4. CCDC:272214.

  13. Ligand discrimination in the reaction of nitrones with [PtCl2(PhCN)2]. Selective formation of mono-oxadiazoline and mixed bis-oxadiazoline complexes under thermal and microwave conditions. (United States)

    Desai, Bimbisar; Danks, Timothy N; Wagner, Gabriele


    [2+3] Cycloaddition of nitrones to the nitrile ligands in the complexes cis- or trans-[PtCl2(PhCN)2] occurs under ligand differentiation and allows for selective synthesis of complexes of the type cis- or trans-[PtCl2(oxadiazoline)(PhCN)]. Microwave irradiation enhances the reaction rates of the cycloaddition considerably and further favours the selectivity towards the mono-cycloadduct with respect to thermal conditions, because the first cycloaddition is accelerated to a higher extent than the second one. Reaction of the trans-substituted mono-oxadiazoline complexes with a nitrone different from the one used for the first cycloaddition step gives access to mixed bis-oxadiazoline compounds of the composition trans-[PtCl2(oxadiazoline-a)(oxadiazoline-b)]. The corresponding cis-configured complexes, however, do not undergo further cycloaddition. All reactions described occur without isomerisation of the stereochemistry around the platinum center, independently of whether thermal or microwave heating is applied.

  14. Magnetic fluctuations above the Neel temperature in {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl, a quasi-2D Heisenberg antiferromagnet with Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Antal, Agnes; Feher, Titusz; Janossy, Andras [Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Institute of Physics and Condensed Matter Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 91, 1521 Budapest (Hungary); Nafradi, Balint; Forro, Laszlo [Institute of Physics of Complex Matter, FBS, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), 1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)


    We report on magnetic fluctuations studied by electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy in the layered organic crystal {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Cl. A line broadening above the antiferromagnetic ordering temperature, T{sub N} = 23 K is attributed to two-dimensional magnetic fluctuations of a staggered magnetization induced by the interplay of the magnetic field and the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interaction. (Copyright copyright 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  15. The Nonanuclear [Mo(IV){l_brace}(CN)Fe(III)(3-ethoxy-saldptn){r_brace}{sub 8}]Cl{sub 4} Complex Compound Exhibits Multiple Spin Transitions Observed by Moessbauer Spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Renz, F., E-mail:; Kerep, P. [Johannes Gutenberg-University, Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie und Analytische Chemie (Germany)


    The pentadentate ligand 3-EO-{sup 5}LH{sub 2}= 3-ethoxy-saldptn N,N'-bis(3-ethoxy-1-hydroxy-2-benzyliden)-1,7-diamino-4-azaheptane has been prepared by a Schiff base condensation between 1,7-diamino-4-azaheptane and the corresponding 3-ethoxy-salicyaldehyde. 3-EO-{sup 5}LH{sub 2} is a sterical extention to {sup 5}LH{sub 2}. Its complexation with Fe(III) gave the high-spin (S=5/2) complex of [Fe(III)(3-EO-{sup 5}L)Cl]. This precursor was combined with [Mo(CN){sub 8}]{sup 4-} and a blue nonanuclear cluster [Mo(IV){l_brace}(CN)Fe(III)(3-EO-{sup 5}L){r_brace}{sub 8}]Cl{sub 4} resulted. This starshaped nonanuclear compound is a high-spin system at room temperature. On cooling to 10 K some of the eight iron(III) centers switched to the low-spin state as proven by Moessbauer spectra, i.e. multiple electronic transitions.

  16. Theoretical Characterization of Hydrogen Bonding Interactions between RCHO (R = H, CN, CF3, OCH3, NH2) and HOR′(R′ = H, Cl, CH3, NH2, C(O)H, C6H5)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Damanjit Kaur; Rajinder Kaur


    In this work, density functional theory and ab initio molecular orbital calculations were used to investigate the hydrogen bonded complexes of type RCHO···HOR′(R = H, CN, CF3, OCH3, NH2; R′ = H, Cl, CH3, NH2, C(O)H, C6H5) employing 6-31++g** and cc-pVTZ basis sets. Thus, the present work considers how the substituents at both the hydrogen bond donor and acceptor affect the hydrogen bond strength. From the analysis, it is reflected that presence of –OCH3 and –NH2 substituents at RCHO greatly strengthen the stabilization energies, while –CN and –CF3 decrease the same with respect to HCHO as hydrogen bond acceptor. The highest stabilization results in case of (H2N)CHO as hydrogen bond acceptor. The variation of the substituents at –OH functional group also influences the strength of hydrogen bond; nearly all the substituents increase the stabilization energy relative to HOH. The analysis of geometrical parameters; proton affinities, charge transfer, electron delocalization studies have been carried out.

  17. Zero-Field Magnetism of a Two-Dimensional Antiferromagnet, κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Cl, Determined by Muon Spin Rotation and Magnetization Measurements (United States)

    Ito, Miho; Uehara, Tomotaka; Taniguchi, Hiromi; Satoh, Kazuhiko; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Watanabe, Isao


    The zero-field magnetism of a two-dimensional noncollinear antiferromagnet, κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu[N(CN)2]Cl, has been investigated by magnetization and zero-field muon spin rotation (μSR) measurements. Low-field magnetization measurements enabled us to determine the magnetic transition temperature TN as 22.80 ± 0.02 K. Distinct muon spin precession signals appeared below 21.4 K. μSR spectra below 21.4 K were well described by two types of precession components and a relaxation one. The temperature dependence of internal field converted by μSR data was in good agreement with that of macroscopic residual magnetism. These results suggest that the tiny interlayer interaction, which has been suggested to be almost 106 times less than the intralayer exchange interaction, spontaneously causes the three-dimensional long-range order.

  18. Cyanido-bridged one-dimensional systems assembled from[ReⅣCl4(CN)2]2-and [MⅡ(cyclam)]2+(M=Ni,Cu)precursors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BHOWMICK Indrani; HARRIS T.David; DECHAMBENOIT Pierre; HILLARD Elizabeth A.; PICHON Céline; JEON Ie-Rang; CL(E)RAC Rodolphe


    Three new cyanido-bridged heterometallic ReIVNiⅡ and ReIVCuⅡ one-dimensional systems were synthesized and extensively characterized both structurally and magnetically.Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that these compounds display a common topology,with chains composed of alternating[ReⅣCI4(CN)2]2- and [MⅡ(cyclam)]2+(M =Ni in 1,Cu in 2)or[CuⅡ(N,N'-dimethylcyclam)]2+(in 3)building units.Two different chain orientations with a tilt angle of ca.51° to 55° are present in the crystal packing of these compounds.The magnetic susceptibility measurements suggest the presence of intrachain ferromagnetic interactions between the S =3/2 RenⅣcenters and the 3d metal ions:S =1 NiⅡ or S =1/2 CuⅡ.At low temperature,a three-dimensional ordered magnetic phase induced by interchain antiferromagnetic interactions(antiferromagnetic for 1 and 2; canted antiferromagnetic for 3)is detected for the three compounds.

  19. Synthesis and Crystal Structure of a Dinuclear Cu(Ⅱ) Complex [Cu(C13H9N2O)Cl]2·(CH3CN)2 with Ligand 2-Benzimidazol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Qing-Xiang; YANG Xiang-Liang; XU Hui-Bi


    A new dinuclear copper complex, [Cu(C13H9N2O)Cl]2·(CH3CN)2 (C30H24Cl2Cu2N6O2),has been synthesized and characterized by X-ray structure determination. It crystallizes in the triclinic system, space group P1-, with a = 7.6677(14), b = 9.2375(17), c = 11.227(2) (A), α = 81.338(3),β= 88.173(4), γ = 66.199(3)°, V = 718.9(2) (A)3, Z = 1, Mr = 698.53, F(000) = 354, Dc = 1.613 g/cm3,μ(MoKα) = 1.705 mm-1, the final R = 0.0645 and wR = 0.1364 for 2474 unique reflections with 1809 observed ones (I> 2σ(Ⅰ)). In the title complex, each copper(Ⅱ) atom is located at the center of a distorted tetrahedron consisting of four coordinate atoms (one nitrogen atom, two oxygen anions,and one chlorine atom). Two copper(Ⅱ) atoms are bridged by two oxygen anions (O(1) and O(1a)) of two phenolates to form a Cu(Ⅱ)-Cu(Ⅱ) binuclear entity, and the distance between two copper(Ⅱ)atoms is 3.0144(15) (A).

  20. Ligand and substrate effects in gas-phase reactions of NiX(+)/RH couples (X=F, Cl, Br, I; R=CH3, C2H5, nC3H7, nC4H9). (United States)

    Schlangen, Maria; Schröder, Detlef; Schwarz, Helmut


    The reactions of small saturated hydrocarbons by gaseous nickel cations NiX+ (X=F, Cl, Br, I) are investigated by means of electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. The halide cations are obtained from solutions of the corresponding Ni(II) salts in water or methanol as solvents. NiF+ is the only Ni(II) halide complex that brings about thermal activation of methane. The branching ratios of the observed reactions with C2H6, C3H8, and nC4H10 are shifted systematically by changing the nature of both the ligand X and the substrate RH. In the elimination of HX (X=F, Cl, Br, I), the formal oxidation state of the metal ion appears to be conserved, and the importance of this reaction channel decreases in going from NiF+ to NiI+. A reversed trend is observed in the losses of small closed-shell neutral molecules, that is, H2, CH4 and C2H6, which dominate the gas-phase ion chemistry of NiI+/RH couples. Additionally, inner-sphere electron-transfer reactions take place for a few systems, that is, the delivery of hydride or methanide ions from the hydrocarbon to NiX+ in the course of which the hydrocarbon is converted to a carbenium ion and the cationic metal complex gives rise to a neutral RNiX molecule (R=H, CH3). This process gains importance with decreasing atomic number of the halides and with increasing the size of the alkane. Thus, it constitutes the major pathway in the reactions of NiF+ with propane and n-butane, whereas it is not observed for any of the NiI+/RH couples investigated. Concerning the regioselectivity of the reactions with propane and n-butane, heterolytic cleavage of secondary carbon--hydrogen bonds is clearly preferred compared to that of primary ones, as revealed by deuterium labeling studies. For the NiF+/C3H8 couple, the selectivity of the hydride transfer is as large as 360 in favor of the secondary positions. Though smaller, large preferences for the activation of secondary C--H bonds are also operative in homolytic bond activation of RH (R=nC3H7, nC

  1. Some aspects of dimensionality and phase transitions of organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite ( n-C14H29NH3)2ZnCl4 (United States)

    Abdelkader, M. M.; Gamal, W. M.


    The differential scanning calorimetery and the differential thermal analysis thermograms were performed over a suitable wide range of temperatures on polycrystalline samples of the titled hybrid. Furthermore, the ac conductivity σ ac(ῳ, T) and the complex dielectric permittivity ɛ *(ῳ, T) as function of temperature 120 K < T < 400 K and some selected frequencies in the range 1 kHz ≤ f ≤ 100 kHz were measured and presented. The combination of the measured parameters confirms, without any doubt, the existence of a first-order reversible solid-solid structural phase transition from intercalation to non-intercalation, at T ≈ 368 K accompanied by a sudden increase of the interlayer spacing by ≈17.5%. The analysis of our data is based on the coordination complex and the dimensionality of the central metal halide arrangements, which, in our case, is isolated square [ZnCl4]-2 tetrahedral coordination and, hence, of zero-dimensionality (0D), but stabilized in a two-dimensional structure through charge-assisted hydrogen-bonding system. The zero-dimensionality results in a large charge density and, hence, of high efficiently packed compared with other hybrids of this series which are usually crystallized in two-dimensional (2D) corner-sharing [MCl6]-2. The rule of hydrogen bonding has been considered. The odd-even effects were given.

  2. Synthesis and Crystal Structure of (H3O)2[Cu3Cl3(H2O)3(NC9H12.5O6)2

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    The new compound, (H3O)2[Cu3Cl3(H2O)3(NCgH12.5O6)2] 1, has been synthesized by the hydrothermal reaction and its structure was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction.The crystal is of hexagonal, space group P63/m with a = 10.6975(13), c = 14.881 (3)A, V = 1474.8(4)866, R = 0.0517 and wR = 0.0900 for 537 observed reflections (I > 2σ(Ⅰ)). This compound contains two oxonium ions and one [Cu3C13(H2O)3(H0.5ntp)2]2- anion (ntp = nitrilotripropanoato), in which two tridentate ntp ligands connected by three copper(Ⅱ) ions enclose a cage-like unit. Each copper(Ⅱ) ion is coordinated by one water molecule, one chloride ligand and two carboxylate oxygen atoms from two ntp ligands assume a slightly distorted square-planar geometry. There are atoms of the units resulting in two-dimensional sheets and wheel-like three-dimensional interpenetrating frameworks.

  3. Structure and magnetic properties of the two-dimensional ferrimagnet (NEt4)[[Mn(salen)]2Fe(CN)6]: investigation of magnetic anisotropy on a single crystal. (United States)

    Miyasaka, Hitoshi; Ieda, Hidenori; Matsumoto, Naohide; Sugiura, Ken-ichi; Yamashita, Masahiro


    The title compound, (NEt(4))[[Mn(salen)](2)Fe(CN)(6)] (1), was synthesized via a 1:1 reaction of [Mn(salen)(H(2)O)]ClO(4) with (NEt(4))(3)[Fe(CN)(6)] in a methanol/ethanol medium (NEt(4)(+) = tetraethylammonium cation, salen(2)(-) = N,N'-ethylenebis(salicylidene)iminate). The two-dimensional layered structure of 1 was revealed by X-ray crystallographic analysis: 1 crystallizes in monoclinic space group P2(1)/c with cell dimensions of a = 12.3660(8) A, b = 15.311(1) A, c = 12.918(1) A, beta = 110.971(4) degrees, Z = 2 and is isostructural to the previously synthesized compound, (NEt(4))[[Mn(5-Clsalen)](2)Fe(CN)(6)] (5-Clsalen(2-) = N,N'-ethylenebis(5-chlorosalicylidene)iminate; Miyasaka, H.; Matsumoto, N.; Re, N.; Gallo, E.; Floriani, C. Inorg. Chem. 1997, 36, 670). The Mn ion is surrounded by an equatorial salen quadridentate ligand and two axial nitrogen atoms from the [Fe(CN)(6)](3-) unit, the four Fe[bond]CN groups of which coordinate to the Mn ions of [Mn(salen)](+) units, forming a two-dimensional network having [[bond]Mn[bond]NC[bond]Fe[bond]CN[bond

  4. The luminescence properties of the heteroleptic [Re(CO)3(N∩N)Cl] and [Re(CO)3(N∩N)(CH3CN)](+) complexes in view of the combined Marcus-Jortner and Mulliken-Hush formalism. (United States)

    Woźna, Agnieszka; Kapturkiewicz, Andrzej


    The luminescence properties of the heteroleptic fac-Re(CO)3(+) complexes with α-diimine N∩N ligands, neutral [Re(CO)3(N∩N)Cl] and cationic [Re(CO)3(N∩N)(CH3CN)](+) species, have been studied in acetonitrile solutions at room temperature. The investigated complexes exhibit the metal to ligand charge-transfer (MLCT) phosphorescence with the emission characteristics strongly affected by the nature of coordinated α-diimine N∩N ligands. The observed trends can be quantitatively described by invoking the electronic interactions between (3)*LC and (3)*MLCT states as well as the spin-orbit interactions between (3)*MLCT and (1)*MLCT states, respectively. All quantities necessary for the description can be straightforwardly accounted from analysis of the radiative (1)*MLCT ← S0 and (3)*MLCT → S0 charge transfer processes. It is also demonstrated that the radiative kr and non-radiative knr decay rate constants of the excited (3)*MLCT states can be interpreted within the same set of parameters. As expected from the Mulliken-Hush formalism the both processes are strictly related that allows prediction of the non-radiative knr rate constants using the parameters available from analysis of the radiative (1)*MLCT ← S0 and (3)*MLCT → S0 charge transfer processes.

  5. Fusion-Fission process and gamma spectroscopy of binary products in light heavy ion collisions (40 {<=} A{sub CN} {<=} 60); Processus de fusion-fission et spectroscopie gamma des produits binaires dans les collisions entre ions lourds legers (40 {<=} A{sub NC} {<=} 60)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nouicer, Rachid [Institut de Recherche Subatomique, CNRS-IN2P3 - Universite Louis Pasteur, 67 - Strasbourg (France)


    During the work on which this Thesis is based, the significant role of the Fusion-Fission Asymmetric mechanism in light heavy ion collisions (A{sub NC} {<=} 60) has been emphasized. The Spin Dis-alignment in the oblate-oblate system has supplied evidence for the first time for the Butterfly mode in a resonant-like reaction. These two aspects, one macroscopic and the other more closely related to microscopic effects are certainly different from a conceptual point of view but are quite complementary for a global understanding of dinuclear systems. In the first part, inclusive and exclusive measurements of the {sup 35}Cl + {sup 12}C and {sup 35}Cl + {sup 24}Mg reaction have been performed at 8 MeV/nucleon in the Saclay experiment. These measurements have permitted us to verify the origin of products which have given rise of the asymmetric fusion-fission mechanism and which have demonstrated that the three-body process in this energy range is very weak. In the second part the {sup 28}Si + {sup 28}Si reaction has been performed at the resonance energy E{sub lab}> = 111.6 MeV at Strasbourg with the Eurogam phase II multi-detector array and VIVITRON accelerator. An angular momentum J{sup {pi}} 38{sup +} for inelastic and mutual channels of the {sup 28}Si + {sup 28}Si exit channel has been measured and has supplied evidence for a spin dis-alignment which has been interpreted in the framework of a molecular model by Butterfly motion. The spectroscopic study of {sup 32}S nucleus, has revealed the occurrence of a new {gamma}-ray transition 0{sup +}(8507.8 keV) {yields} 2{sub 1}{sup +}(2230.2 keV). (author) 105 refs., 116 figs., 26 tabs.

  6. CN rotational excitation (United States)

    Palazzi, E.; Mandolesi, N.; Crane, Philippe


    We report the results of a search for new lines of sight in which to study the CN excitation and a statistical analysis of all the excitation temperatures measured using interstellar CN. This data set strongly confirms that the cosmic background radiation (CBR) is the dominant contributor to the excitation of CN, and demonstrates the homogeneity of the CBR. Thirty-five observations is a sufficiently large sample to look for the presence of systematic effects in the CN excitation. The weighted average of the CN excitation temperatures exceeds the T(CBR) obtained by COBE and the Canadian rocket by 82 +/- 30 mK. With the aim of looking at the origin of this difference, we have considered in detail the known mechanisms that could contribute to exciting the CN molecule. None of the data necessary to quantify these mechanisms are of sufficient quality to provide a clean explanation of the observed difference.

  7. Electronic and electrochemical properties of platinum(II) and platinum-mercury-carboxylato complexes containing 2-Me2NCH2C6H4, 2,6-(Me2NCH2)2C6H3- and 2-Me2NC6H4CH2 - ligands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koten, G. van; Ploeg, A.F.M.J. van der; Schmitz, J.E.J.; Linden, J.G.M. van der


    The organoplatinum(II) compounds [{2, 6-(Me{2}NCH{2}){2}C{6}H{3}}PtBr] and cis-[(C-N){2}Pt] (C-N = 2-Me{2}NCH{2}C{6}H{4}, 2-Me{2}NC{6}H{4}CH{2}) can be chemically irreversibly oxidized in the potential range 1.00 to 1.35 V vs. an Ag/AgCl electrode, whereas the organoplatinum@?mercury complexes [{2,6

  8. Electronic transition CN laser (United States)

    Quick, C. R., Jr.; Wittig, C.; Laudenslager, J. B.


    A 20 kW electric-discharge pumped CN laser oscillating on the A(2) Pi-X(2) Sigma molecular system is presented. Excitation is by a simple longitudinal discharge struck through HCN vapor. Twenty kW peak power is generated in a 150 nsec full-width half-maximum pulse. Two lasing bands were observed in the A-X system: the (0,1) and (0,2) bands near 1.42 and 2.0 microns respectively. Both P and Q branches are active in the two bands, with Q bands stronger. Peak laser energy is 3 mJ. Products of UV photolysis of HCN, electron impact excitation of HCN, and other possible excitation mechanisms and laser efficiency are discussed.

  9. The C$^{14}$N/C$^{15}$N Ratio in Diffuse Molecular Clouds

    CERN Document Server

    Ritchey, Adam M; Lambert, David L


    We report the first detection of C$^{15}$N in diffuse molecular gas from a detailed examination of CN absorption lines in archival VLT/UVES spectra of stars probing local diffuse clouds. Absorption from the C$^{15}$N isotopologue is confidently detected (at $\\gtrsim4\\sigma$) in three out of the four directions studied and appears as a very weak feature between the main $^{12}$CN and $^{13}$CN absorption components. Column densities for each CN isotopologue are determined through profile fitting, after accounting for weak additional line-of-sight components of $^{12}$CN, which are seen in the absorption profiles of CH and CH$^+$ as well. The weighted mean value of C$^{14}$N/C$^{15}$N for the three sight lines with detections of C$^{15}$N is $274\\pm18$. Since the diffuse molecular clouds toward our target stars have relatively high gas kinetic temperatures and relatively low visual extinctions, their C$^{14}$N/C$^{15}$N ratios should not be affected by chemical fractionation. The mean C$^{14}$N/C$^{15}$N ratio ...

  10. Characterization and coordination of intercalation - Non-intercalation phase transition in a new hybrid halide perovskite (n-C16H33NH3)2 ZnCl4 (United States)

    Abdelkader, M. M.; Gamal, W. M.


    The ac conductivity σ(ω,T) and the complex dielectric permittivity ε•(ω,T) as function of temperature 100 K 2D) via the assisted charge hydrogen bonds Nsbnd H…Cl. It is therefore highly packed and hence have a highly transition temperature, highly thermal energy storage compared with other hybrids of the same n but of different M. These novelties characteristics suggested that the hybrid is more suitable for solar energy research. The even-odd effect, which is only common for Zn and Co in the room temperature phase and absent for other compounds, as well as the mechanism of the phase change have been discussed. The role of the coordination of the divalent metal ion and the dimensionality of the isolated unit (MCl4)-2 (M = Zn and/or Co) are considered. Comparison of the current phase transition with that of Zn compounds (n = 8, 10, 12, and 14) has been given.

  11. Tribochemical effects on CN{sub x} films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanchez-Lopez, J.C.; Donnet, C.; Belin, M.; Le Mogne, T. [Ecole Centrale de Lyon, Ecully (France). Lab. de Tribologie et Dynamique des Systemes; Fernandez-Ramos, C.; Sayagues, M.J.; Fernandez, A. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Sevilla and Dpto. Quimica Inorganica, Centro de Investigaciones Cientificas ' Isla de la Cartuja' , Avda. Americo Vespucio s/n, 41092, Seville (Spain)


    CN{sub x} thin coatings have been deposited by dc magnetron sputtering using a graphite target in nitrogen atmosphere under different experimental conditions. X-Ray photoelectron spectroscopy, electron-energy loss spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance and Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy were used to elucidate the structural chemistry of each film. The tribological behavior has been investigated using a reciprocating pin-on-flat tribometer in a wide range of environmental conditions: ambient air, dry air and nitrogen. Tribochemical effects in relation to the nature of the surrounding atmosphere during friction tests are presented. Strong relationships between the N/C ratio, the nature of C-N bonds and the friction behavior are highlighted and discussed. An optimum in the friction and wear properties was found for a maximum in the C=N/C=C ratio for the studied set of CN{sub x} samples. The XPS/AES analysis of the sliding counterfaces support a destabilization of the CN{sub x} network under friction and build-up of a carbon rich tribolayer under steady-state. (orig.)

  12. Teach NC Basics Step by Step. (United States)

    Schroeder, Roger


    Rapid expansion of numerical control (NC) machining in industry has created the need for inclusion of NC basic concepts in the industrial education curriculum. The author describes an NC unit in an industrial technology class and the program sheet and NC worksheet that he developed for machining a product. (MF)

  13. Kinetics and Mechanism of Cationic Flexible Nanoparticles (CFN) - Catalyzed Piperidinolysis of Anionic Phenyl Salicylate: CFN = TTABr/MX/H2O with MX = NaCl, NaBr; CnH2n+1CO2Na, n = 4, 5, 6 and 7. (United States)

    Mohd Noh, Muhammad Azri; Khalid, Khalisanni; Ariffin, Azhar; Khan, Mohammad Niyaz


    The present study is focused on the effect of the TTABr/MX/H2O-nanoparticles on the rate of piperidinolysis of ionized phenyl salicylate where TTABr represents tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide and MX = NaCl, NaBr and CnH2n+1CO2Na with n = 4, 5, 6 and 7. Pseudo-first-order rate constant for the piperidinolysis of ionized phenyl salicylate at 35°C and constant concentration [PSa(-)]T = 0.2 mM, [Pip]T = 0.1 M, [NaOH] = 30 mM, [TTABr]T and different [MX] follow an empirical relationship which gives two empirical constant, (X)kcat and K(X/S). The value of relative counterion (X) binding constant, RX(Br) were calculated from the relationship; RX(Br) = (X)kcat/(Br)kcat. The values of RX(Br) for X = C4H9CO2(-), C5H11CO2(-), C6H13CO2(-), and C7H15CO2(-) are increasing with increase in the number of alkyl chain of counterion X.

  14. Detection of MgCn in IRC + 10216: A new metal-bearing free radical (United States)

    Ziurys, L. M.; Apponi, A. J.; Guelin, M.; Cernicharo, J.


    A new metal-containing molecule, MgCN, has been detected toward the late-type star IRC + 10216, using the NRAO 12 m and IRAM 30 m telescopes. The N = 11 approaches 10, 10 approaches 9, and 9 approaches 8 transtions of this species which has a (sup 2)Sigma(sup +) ground state, have been observed in the outer envelope of this object at 3 mm. For the N = 11 approaches 10 transitions, the two spin-rotation components are clearly resolved and conclusively identify this new radical. These measurements imply a column of density for MgCN of N(sub tot) approximately 10(exp 12)/sq cm in the outer shell, which corresponds to a fractional abundance of f approximately 7x10(exp -10). This molecule, the metastable isomer of MgNC, is the third metal-bearing species thus far identified in the outer shell of IRC + 10216, and its detection implies a ratio of MgNC/MgCN approximately 22/1. MgCN may be formed through a reaction scheme involving magnesium and HNC or CN, both prominent outer shell molecules, or through synthesis on grains.

  15. catena-poly[[[(2,2′-bipyridine-2κ2N,N′-μ-cyanido-1:2κ2N:C-cyanido-2κC-tris(methanol-1κO(nitrato-1κ2O,O′iron(IIyttrium(III]-di-μ-cyanido-1:2′κ2N:C;2:1′κ2C:N] methanol solvate hemihydrate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Xu


    Full Text Available The title complex, {[FeIIYIII(CN4(NO3(C10H8N2(CH3OH3]·CH3OH·0.5H2O}n, is built up of ladder-like chains oriented along the c axis. Each ladder consists of two strands based on alternating FeII and YIII ions connected by cyanide bridges. Two such parallel chains are connected by additional cyanide anions (the `rungs' of the ladder, which likewise connect FeII and YIII ions, such that each [Fe(bipy(CN4]2− (bipy is 2,2′-bipyridine unit coordinates with three YIII ions and each YIII ion connects with three different [Fe(bipy(CN4]2− units. The FeII atom is six-coordinated in a distorted octahedral geometry and the YIII atom cation is eight-coordinated in a distorted dodecahedral environment. The uncoordinated methanol solvent molecules are involved in hydrogen-bonding interactions with the one terminal cyanide group and a coordinated methanol molecule from another [YIII(NO3(CH3OH3]2+ unit. Adjacent ladder-like chains are also held together by hydrogen bonds between the terminal cyanide ligands of the [Fe(CN4(bipy]2− units in one chain and the OH donors of CH3OH ligands from [YIII(NO3(CH3OH3] units in neighboring chains. The water molecule exhibits half-occupation.

  16. The effect of Ti(CN/TiNb(CN coating on erosion–corrosion resistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Aperador Chaparro


    Full Text Available The goal of this work was to study electrochemical behaviour in corrosion-erosion conditions for Ti(CN/TiNb(CN multilayer coatings having 1, 50, 100, 150 and 200 bilayer periods on AISI 4140 steel substrates by using a multi-target magnetron reactive sputtering device, with an r.f. source (13.56 MHz, two cylindrical magnetron cathodes and two stoichiometric TiC and Nb targets. The multi-layers were evaluated by comparing them to corrosion, erosion and erosion corrosion for a 30º impact angle in a solution of 0.5 M NaCl and silica, analysing the effect of impact angle and the number of bilayers on these coatings’ corrosion resistance. The electrochemical characterisation was performed using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy for analysing corrosion surface; surface morphology was characterised by using a high-resolution scanning electron microscope (SEM. The results showed a de-creased corrosion rate for multilayer systems tested at 30°.

  17. Review of the Development of NC Woodworking Machinery%数控木工机床发展综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪子卜; 朱兴微; 何盛; 卫佩行


      The development of NC technology in wood processing industry is stated, a five-axis NC machine to be developed is introduced and the development prospect of CN technology in the woodworking machinery field is analyzed.%  阐述了数控技术在木材加工行业的发展,介绍了目前亟待发展的五轴数控机床,分析了数控技术在木材加工机械领域的发展前景。

  18. Hemisphere jet mass distribution at finite Nc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshikazu Hagiwara


    Full Text Available We perform the leading logarithmic resummation of nonglobal logarithms for the single-hemisphere jet mass distribution in e+e− annihilation including the finite-Nc corrections. The result is compared with the previous all-order result in the large-Nc limit as well as fixed-order perturbative calculations.

  19. Energetics of the O-H bond and of intramolecular hydrogen bonding in HOC6H4C(O)Y (Y = H, CH3, CH2CH=CH2, C[triple bond]CH, CH2F, NH2, NHCH3, NO2, OH, OCH3, OCN, CN, F, Cl, SH, and SCH3) compounds. (United States)

    Bernardes, Carlos E S; Minas da Piedade, Manuel E


    The energetics of the phenolic O-H bond in a series of 2- and 4-HOC 6H 4C(O)Y (Y = H, CH3, CH 2CH=CH2, C[triple bond]CH, CH2F, NH2, NHCH 3, NO2, OH, OCH3, OCN, CN, F, Cl, SH, and SCH3) compounds and of the intramolecular O...H hydrogen bond in 2-HOC 6H 4C(O)Y, was investigated by using a combination of experimental and theoretical methods. The standard molar enthalpies of formation of 2-hydroxybenzaldehyde (2HBA), 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde (4HBA), 2'-hydroxyacetophenone (2HAP), 2-hydroxybenzamide (2HBM), and 4-hydroxybenzamide (4HBM), at 298.15 K, were determined by micro- or macrocombustion calorimetry. The corresponding enthalpies of vaporization or sublimation were also measured by Calvet drop-calorimetry and Knudsen effusion measurements. The combination of the obtained experimental data led to Delta f H m (o)(2HBA, g) = -238.3 +/- 2.5 kJ.mol (-1), DeltafHm(o)(4HBA, g) = -220.3 +/- 2.0 kJ.mol(-1), Delta f H m (o)(2HAP, g) = -291.8 +/- 2.1 kJ.mol(-1), DeltafHm(o)(2HBM, g) = -304.8 +/- 1.5 kJ.mol (-1), and DeltafHm(o) (4HBM, g) = -278.4 +/- 2.4 kJ.mol (-1). These values, were used to assess the predictions of the B3LYP/6-31G(d,p), B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p), B3LYP/aug-cc-pVDZ, B3P86/6-31G(d,p), B3P86/6-311+G(d,p), B3P86/aug-cc-pVDZ, and CBS-QB3 methods, for the enthalpies of a series of isodesmic gas phase reactions. In general, the CBS-QB3 method was able to reproduce the experimental enthalpies of reaction within their uncertainties. The B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) method, with a slightly poorer accuracy than the CBS-QB3 approach, achieved the best performance of the tested DFT models. It was further used to analyze the trends of the intramolecular O...H hydrogen bond in 2-HOC 6H 4C(O)Y evaluated by the ortho-para method and to compare the energetics of the phenolic O-H bond in 2- and 4-HOC 6H 4C(O)Y compounds. It was concluded that the O-H bond "strength" is systematically larger for 2-hydroxybenzoyl than for the corresponding 4-hydroxybenzoyl isomers mainly due to the presence of

  20. Interstellar CN and CH+ in Diffuse Molecular Clouds: 12C/13C Ratios and CN Excitation

    CERN Document Server

    Ritchey, A M; Lambert, D L


    We present very high signal-to-noise ratio absorption-line observations of CN and CH+ along 13 lines of sight through diffuse molecular clouds. The data are examined to extract precise isotopologic ratios of 12CN/13CN and 12CH+/13CH+ in order to assess predictions of diffuse cloud chemistry. Our results on 12CH+/13CH+ confirm that this ratio does not deviate from the ambient 12C/13C ratio in local interstellar clouds, as expected if the formation of CH+ involves nonthermal processes. We find that 12CN/13CN, however, can be significantly fractionated away from the ambient value. The dispersion in our sample of 12CN/13CN ratios is similar to that found in recent surveys of 12CO/13CO. For sight lines where both ratios have been determined, the 12CN/13CN ratios are generally fractionated in the opposite sense compared to 12CO/13CO. Chemical fractionation in CO results from competition between selective photodissociation and isotopic charge exchange. An inverse relationship between 12CN/13CN and 12CO/13CO follows ...

  1. Reactive magnetron sputtering of CN{sub x} thin films at different substrate bias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zheng, W.T.; Broitman, E.; Hellgren, N.; Xing, K.Z.; Ivanov, I.; Sjoestroem, H.; Hultman, L.; Sundgren, J.-E. [Linkoeping Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of Physics


    The chemical binding states of C and N atoms, and optical properties of carbon nitride (CN{sub x}) thin films deposited by unbalanced magnetron sputtering, have been investigated as a function of the negative substrate bias (V{sub s}). The film deposition rate increased slightly with increasing V{sub s}, having a weak maximum at floating potential (--50 V), and decreased sharply to zero for V{sub s}>150 V, while N/C ratios did not exhibit any significant variation. Raman spectroscopy was used to reveal that the structure of the film is predominantly amorphous. Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) analyses showed that N atoms in the films were bound to C atoms through sp{sup 2} and sp{sup 3} configurations. Triple C-N bonds were also detected by FTIR. The ratio of sp{sup 3} to sp{sup 2} bonds increased with increasing V{sub s}. The maximum sp{sup 3} concentration in CN{sub x} films was estimated to be --20%. The optical band gap of CN{sub x} films was also found to increase with an increase in V{sub s}. (orig.) 19 refs.

  2. EnviroAtlas - Durham, NC - Demo (Parent) (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas dataset is the base layer for the Durham, NC EnviroAtlas Area. The block groups are from the US Census Bureau and are included/excluded based on...

  3. CM()CN D-computable state

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU DongDong; DI YaoMin


    The notions of D-computable state and D-concurrence are generalized to the CM()CN system. A class of D-computable state on CM()CN is given and the calculating method of the lower bound of D-concurrence is provided. The obvious expression of the lower bound of D-concurrence for the state mixed by two D-pure states is derived.

  4. Formation, structure and properties of GeCn± and Ge2Cn± binary clusters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAO Yali; LI Guoliang; TANG Zichao


    The binary cluster ions Ge2Cn+/Ge2Cn- and GeCn+ have been produced by laser ablation. The parity effect is present in the negative ions Ge2Cn-, though it is not very prominent. While the experiments tell that the parity effect is totally not shown in the positive ions Ge2Cn+. An extensive theoretical investigation on GeCn/GeCn+/GeCn-(n = 1-10) and Ge2Cn/Ge2Cn+/Ge2Cn-(n = 1-9) has been carried out by density functional theory at B3LPY level. The calculation shows that the low-lying states of GeCn/GeCn+/GeCn-(n = 1-10) and Ge2Cn/Ge2Cn+/Ge2Cn-(n = 1-9) are linear structure with germanium atoms locating at terminals respectively. The electronic distributions, ionization potential (IPad), electron affinity (EA) and increasing bonding energy reveal that the parity effect of neutral species is much stronger than that of ions, which is attributed to the valence π-electrons. It is explained that the differences between experiments and calculations are due to the kinetic factor in the formation of Ge2Cn±.

  5. Structures of Pd(CN)2 and Pt(CN)2: intrinsically nanocrystalline materials? (United States)

    Hibble, Simon J; Chippindale, Ann M; Bilbé, Edward J; Marelli, Elena; Harris, Peter J F; Hannon, Alex C


    Analysis and modeling of X-ray and neutron Bragg and total diffraction data show that the compounds referred to in the literature as "Pd(CN)(2)" and "Pt(CN)(2)" are nanocrystalline materials containing small sheets of vertex-sharing square-planar M(CN)(4) units, layered in a disordered manner with an intersheet separation of ~3.44 Å at 300 K. The small size of the crystallites means that the sheets' edges form a significant fraction of each material. The Pd(CN)(2) nanocrystallites studied using total neutron diffraction are terminated by water and the Pt(CN)(2) nanocrystallites by ammonia, in place of half of the terminal cyanide groups, thus maintaining charge neutrality. The neutron samples contain sheets of approximate dimensions 30 Å × 30 Å. For sheets of the size we describe, our structural models predict compositions of Pd(CN)(2)·xH(2)O and Pt(CN)(2)·yNH(3) (x ≈ y ≈ 0.29). These values are in good agreement with those obtained from total neutron diffraction and thermal analysis, and are also supported by infrared and Raman spectroscopy measurements. It is also possible to prepare related compounds Pd(CN)(2)·pNH(3) and Pt(CN)(2)·qH(2)O, in which the terminating groups are exchanged. Additional samples showing sheet sizes in the range ~10 Å × 10 Å (y ~ 0.67) to ~80 Å × 80 Å (p = q ~ 0.12), as determined by X-ray diffraction, have been prepared. The related mixed-metal phase, Pd(1/2)Pt(1/2)(CN)(2)·qH(2)O (q ~ 0.50), is also nanocrystalline (sheet size ~15 Å × 15 Å). In all cases, the interiors of the sheets are isostructural with those found in Ni(CN)(2). Removal of the final traces of water or ammonia by heating results in decomposition of the compounds to Pd and Pt metal, or in the case of the mixed-metal cyanide, the alloy, Pd(1/2)Pt(1/2), making it impossible to prepare the simple cyanides, Pd(CN)(2), Pt(CN)(2), or Pd(1/2)Pt(1/2)(CN)(2), by this method.

  6. Synthesis and Structural Characterization of a Cyano-bridged 1-D Lanthanum(Ⅲ)-iron(Ⅲ)Complex [La(DMSO)5(H2O)](μ-CN)2[Fe(CN)4]·H2O

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    A new lanthanumⅢ-ironⅢ complex [La(DMSO)5(H2O)](μ-CN)2[Fe(CN)4]·H2O 1 (DMSO=dimethylsulfoxide) has been prepared by a facile approach, ball-milling method, and characterized by X-ray diffraction. The crystal belongs to monoclinic, space group P21/n with a=9.7125(3), b=21.5336(7), c=14.3804(5) (A), β=93.242(3)°, C16H34FeLaN6O7S5, Mr=777.55, V=3002.8(2)(A)3, Z=4, Dc=1.720 g/cm3, S=1.053, μ(MoKα)=2.278 mm-1, F(000)=1564, R=0.0490 and wR=0.1270. The crystal structure analysis of 1 reveals a slightly distorted squareantiprism eightfold-coordinated La(Ⅲ) ion and a 1-D zigzag chain structure extending through the Fe-CN-La-NC-Fe linkages. The [La(DMSO)5(H2O)](μ-CN)2[Fe(CN)4] species are held together via hydrogen bonds to form a three-dimensional framework.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娜; 郝旭东


    The paper is devoted to build a paraconsistent epistemic logic CnEK on the basis of the paraconsistent modal logic CnG'.%本文试图以弗协调模态逻辑CnG'为基础,建立一种弗协调认知逻辑CnEK.

  8. Phonon dispersion curves of CsCN

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    N K Gaur; Preeti Singh; E G Rini; Jyotsna Galgale; R K Singh


    The motivation for the present work was gained from the recent publication on phonon dispersion curves (PDCs) of CsCN from the neutron scattering technique. We have applied the extended three-body force shell model (ETSM) by incorporating the effect of coupling between the translation modes and the orientation of cyanide molecules for the description of phonon dispersion curves of CsCN between the temperatures 195 and 295 K. Our results on PDCs in symmetric direction are in good agreement with the experimental data measured with inelastic neutron scattering technique.

  9. Thermoelectric properties of the ReCN (United States)

    Reyes-Serrato, A.; Sofo, Jorge


    We present thermoelectric properties of the new material, ReCN. Combining first principles band structure calculation with semi classical model analysis; we obtained the Seebeck coefficient as well as the electrical conductivity as a function of the relaxation time for the electrons. The results indicate the potential of the ReCN as a good thermoelectric material in the low region of the temperature. A. Reyes-Serrato wishes to acknowledge to Professor Jorge O Sofo and Department of Physics, The Pennsylvania State University, for the support during the sabbatical year.

  10. Charge transfer phase transition with reversed thermal hysteresis loop in the mixed-valence Fe9[W(CN)8]6·xMeOH cluster. (United States)

    Chorazy, Szymon; Podgajny, Robert; Nogaś, Wojciech; Nitek, Wojciech; Kozieł, Marcin; Rams, Michał; Juszyńska-Gałązka, Ewa; Żukrowski, Jan; Kapusta, Czesław; Nakabayashi, Koji; Fujimoto, Takashi; Ohkoshi, Shin-ichi; Sieklucka, Barbara


    A bimetallic pentadecanuclear cyanido-bridged {Fe9[W(CN)8]6 (MeOH)24}·xMeOH cluster of an Fe(II/III)-W(IV/V) mixed valence nature, reveals a reversible single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformation, concomitant with metal-to-metal charge transfer between Fe and W ions. The dominance of (HS)Fe(II)-NC-W(V) units at a high temperature, and (HS)Fe(III)-NC-W(IV) units at a low temperature, leads to an unprecedented reversed thermal hysteresis loop in magnetic measurements.

  11. A New Approach For FEM Simulation of NC Machining Processes (United States)

    Wang, Sheng Ping; Padmanaban, Shivakumar


    The paper describes a new method for a finite element based pseudo-simulation of Numerically Controlled (NC) machining (material removal) processes. Industrial machining of a component usually results in warping or distortion due to the re-establishment of equilibrium in the retained part along with the relief of the insitu residual stresses in the removed part. In many cases, these distortions can be so large that the part may no longer be able to serve its designated functionality. Considering that the machining process is fundamentally a material removal process, a new method based on an automated removal of finite elements in the cutting area has been developed in the finite element analysis (FEA) software MSC.Marc to conduct pseudo-simulation of the NC machining process., A number of key software enhancements have been made to facilitate the pseudo-simulation of the NC machining process. First, a seamless interface has been developed to import APT/CL data generated by CAD/CAM systems. Then, the cutting paths have been generated based on information in the APT/CL files and used for the automatic detection of the intersection between the cutter and the finite element mesh. With each incremental motion of the cutter, the FEA solver detects all the elements that are located within the cutting path. Such elements are then deactivated in a step-by-step manner that is consistent with the actual machining process. In order to improve the fidelity of the cut area, local adaptive mesh refinement in the vicinity of the cutting tool is undertaken. This enables relatively coarser meshes away from the cut area and provides more accurate representation of the actual volume that is removed. As demonstrated by an industrial example, the enhanced software features in MSC.Marc have made it possible to practically and efficiently analyze complex machining processes of 3D production parts and provide an elegant tool for predicting distortions in large structures due to the relief


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    It is known that manufacture of hypoid gears is difficult and complicated, the reason lies on the limitation of traditional mechanical machine tools. With the development of NC machine tools, there should be new ways of cutting this kind of gear. Therefore, an idea to generate gears with conjugating tooth surfaces is proposed, based on the "flexibility" characteristic of NC that means various motions, in a sense, can be performed arbitrarily on NC machine tools. Using this method, the direction of the contact path on tooth surfaces can be controlled, and also, theoretically, the generated tooth surfaces can transmit motion at specific transmission ratio curve.

  13. Diagnóstico diferencial de colestase neonatal: parâmetros clínicos e laboratoriais Differential diagnosis of neonatal cholestasis: clinical and laboratory parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Angela Bellomo-Brandao


    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar se os parâmetros clínicos e laboratoriais poderiam auxiliar no diagnóstico diferencial da colestase neonatal (CN intra- e extra-hepática. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de pacientes com CN hospitalizados na Clínica de Hepatologia Pediátrica do Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP, Campinas (SP, entre dezembro de 1980 e março de 2005. A abordagem para o diagnóstico da CN foi padronizada. De acordo com o diagnóstico, os pacientes foram classificados em dois grupos: I (colestase neo natal intra-hepática e II (colestase neonatal extrahepática. Para verificar se havia associação com a variável categórica, os testes de qui-quadrado e Mann-Whitney foram utilizados com correções para idade para a análise de covariância (ANCOVA. A determinação da precisão das variáveis clínicas e laboratoriais para a diferenciação dos grupos foi realizada através da análise da curva ROC. RESULTADOS: Cento e sessenta e oito pacientes foram avaliados (grupo I = 54,8% e grupo II = 45,2%. Nos pacientes com menos de 60 dias de vida, houve predominância de causas intra-hepáticas, enquanto que naqueles com mais de 60 dias, houve predominância de etiologia extrahepática (p OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if clinical and laboratory parameters could assist in the differential diagnosis of intra and extra-hepatic neonatal cholestasis (NC. METHODS: Retrospective study of NC patients admitted at the Pediatric Hepatology Outpatient Clinic of the teaching hospital of Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil, between December 1980 and March 2005. The approach to the diagnosis of NC was standardized. According to diagnosis, patients were classified into two groups: I (intra-hepatic neonatal cholestasis and II (extra-hepatic neonatal cholestasis. In order to verify if there was association with the categorical variable, the chi-square and Mann-Whitney tests were used, with corrections for age for

  14. Anomalous absorption in H2CN and CH2CN molecules

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S Chandra; S V Shinde


    Structures of H2CN and CH2CN molecules are similar to that of H2CO molecule. The H2CO has shown anomalous absorption for its transition 111 - 110 at 4.8 GHz in a number of cool molecular clouds. Though the molecules H2CN and CH2CN have been identified in TMC-1 and Sgr B2 through some transitions in ortho as well as in para species, here we have investigated the condition under which transitions 111 - 110 and 212 - 211 of these molecules may show anomalous absorption. For the present investigation, we have calculated energy levels and radiative transition probabilities. However, we have used scaled values for collisional rate coefficients. We found that relative values of collisional rate coefficients can produce the required anomalous absorption in 111 - 110 and 212 - 211 transitions in the molecules.

  15. NC/NG与ADN的相互作用%Interaction of NG/NC with ADN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张腊莹; 衡淑云; 刘子如; 张皋; 赵凤起; 谭惠民


    用高压差示扫描量热法(PDSC),热重-微商热重法(TG-DTG),研究了双基粘合剂(NC/NG体系)与二硝酰胺铵(ADN)之间的相互作用.结果表明,(NC/NG)/ADN体系中NG的分解峰由NC/NG中的207.0 ℃提前至159.8 ℃,在高压下该分解峰温提前至153.6 ℃.NC/ADN的分解峰温比NG/ADN提前了4.8 ℃,而且大部分的ADN没有被NG加速而提前分解,表明NC对ADN的作用比NG更强烈.此外,还用真空安定性试验(VST)评价了NC/NG与ADN的相容性,混合体系的净增放气量大于11 mL,属于严重不相容,证明在90 ℃下NC/NG与ADN之间也存在强烈的相互作用.

  16. On the Cn/Zm fractional branes (United States)

    Karp, Robert L.


    We construct several geometric representatives for the Cn/Zm fractional branes on either a partially or the completely resolved orbifold. In the process we use large radius and conifold-type monodromies and provide a strong consistency check. In particular, for C3/Z5 we give three different sets of geometric representatives. We also find the explicit Seiberg duality which connects our fractional branes to the ones given by the McKay correspondence.

  17. H12CN and H13CN excitation analysis in the circumstellar outflow of R Sculptoris (United States)

    Saberi, M.; Maercker, M.; De Beck, E.; Vlemmings, W. H. T.; Olofsson, H.; Danilovich, T.


    Context. The 12CO/13CO isotopologue ratio in the circumstellar envelope (CSE) of asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars has been extensively used as the tracer of the photospheric 12C/13C ratio. However, spatially-resolved ALMA observations of R Scl, a carbon rich AGB star, have shown that the 12CO/13CO ratio is not consistent over the entire CSE. Hence, it can not necessarily be used as a tracer of the 12C/13C ratio. The most likely hypothesis to explain the observed discrepancy between the 12CO/13CO and 12C/13C ratios is CO isotopologue selective photodissociation by UV radiation. Unlike the CO isotopologue ratio, the HCN isotopologue ratio is not affected by UV radiation. Therefore, HCN isotopologue ratios can be used as the tracer of the atomic C ratio in UV irradiated regions. Aims: We aim to present ALMA observations of H13CN(4-3) and APEX observations of H12CN(2-1), H13CN(2-1, 3-2) towards R Scl. These new data, combined with previously published observations, are used to determine abundances, ratio, and the sizes of line-emitting regions of the aforementioned HCN isotopologues. Methods: We have performed a detailed non-LTE excitation analysis of circumstellar H12CN(J = 1-0, 2-1, 3-2, 4-3) and H13CN(J = 2-1, 3-2, 4-3) line emission around R Scl using a radiative transfer code based on the accelerated lambda iteration (ALI) method. The spatial extent of the molecular distribution for both isotopologues is constrained based on the spatially resolved H13CN(4-3) ALMA observations. Results: We find fractional abundances of H12CN/H2 = (5.0 ± 2.0) × 10-5 and H13CN/H2 = (1.9 ± 0.4) × 10-6 in the inner wind (r ≤ (2.0 ± 0.25) ×1015 cm) of R Scl. The derived circumstellar isotopologue ratio of H12CN/H13CN = 26.3 ± 11.9 is consistent with the photospheric ratio of 12C/13C 19 ± 6. Conclusions: We show that the circumstellar H12CN/H13CN ratio traces the photospheric 12C/13C ratio. Hence, contrary to the 12CO/13CO ratio, the H12CN/H13CN ratio is not affected by UV

  18. NC10 bacteria in marine oxygen minimum zones

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Padilla, Cory C; Bristow, Laura A; Sarode, Neha


    Bacteria of the NC10 phylum link anaerobic methane oxidation to nitrite denitrification through a unique O2-producing intra-aerobic methanotrophy pathway. A niche for NC10 in the pelagic ocean has not been confirmed. We show that NC10 bacteria are present and transcriptionally active in oceanic....... rRNA and mRNA transcripts assignable to NC10 peaked within the OMZ and included genes of the putative nitrite-dependent intra-aerobic pathway, with high representation of transcripts containing the unique motif structure of the nitric oxide (NO) reductase of NC10 bacteria, hypothesized...

  19. The circumstellar shell of the post-AGB star HD 56126 the $^{12}CN\\/^{13}CN$ isotope ratio and fractionation

    CERN Document Server

    Bakker, E J; Bakker, Eric J.; Lambert, David L.


    We have detected circumstellar absorption lines of the $^{12}$CN and $^{13}$CN Violet and Red System in the spectrum of the post-AGB star HD~56126. From a synthetic spectrum analysis, we derive a Doppler broadening parameter of $b=0.51\\pm0.04$ km~s$^{-1}$, $^{12}$CN/$^{13}$CN$=38\\pm2$, and a lower limit of $2000$ on $^{12}$CN/$^{14}$CN and $^{12}$C$^{14}$N/$^{12}$C$^{15}$N. A simple chemical model has been computed of the circumstellar shell surrounding HD~56126 that takes into account the gas-phase ion-molecule reaction between CN and C$^{+}$. From this we infer that this reaction leads to isotopic fractionation of CN. Taking into account the isotopic exchange reaction and the observed $^{12}$CN/$^{13}$CN we find $^{12}$C/$^{13}$C$\\sim 67$ (for $T_{\\rm kin}=25$ K). Our analysis suggests that $^{12}$CN has a somewhat higher rotational temperature than $^{13}$CN: $T_{\\rm rot}=11.5\\pm0.6$ and $8.0\\pm0.6$ K respectively. We identify possible causes for this difference in excitation temperature, among which the $...

  20. SCS-CN parameter determination using rainfall-runoff data in heterogeneous watersheds – the two-CN system approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. D. Valiantzas


    Full Text Available The Soil Conservation Service Curve Number (SCS-CN approach is widely used as a simple method for predicting direct runoff volume for a given rainfall event. The CN parameter values corresponding to various soil, land cover, and land management conditions can be selected from tables, but it is preferable to estimate the CN value from measured rainfall-runoff data if available. However, previous researchers indicated that the CN values calculated from measured rainfall-runoff data vary systematically with the rainfall depth. Hence, they suggested the determination of a single asymptotic CN value observed for very high rainfall depths to characterize the watersheds' runoff response. In this paper, the hypothesis that the observed correlation between the calculated CN value and the rainfall depth in a watershed reflects the effect of soils and land cover spatial variability on its hydrologic response is being tested. Based on this hypothesis, the simplified concept of a two-CN heterogeneous system is introduced to model the observed CN-rainfall variation by reducing the CN spatial variability into two classes. The behaviour of the CN-rainfall function produced by the simplified two-CN system is approached theoretically, it is analysed systematically, and it is found to be similar to the variation observed in natural watersheds. Synthetic data tests, natural watersheds examples, and detailed study of two natural experimental watersheds with known spatial heterogeneity characteristics were used to evaluate the method. The results indicate that the determination of CN values from rainfall runoff data using the proposed two-CN system approach provides reasonable accuracy and it over performs the previous methods based on the determination of a single asymptotic CN value. Although the suggested method increases the number of unknown parameters to three (instead of one, a clear physical reasoning for them is presented.

  1. Dynamic characteristics of NC table with SVD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Linhong WANG; Bo WU; Runsheng DU; Shuzi YANG


    This paper employs the SVD (singular value decomposition) method to study dynamic characteristics of a numerical control (NC) table. Acceleration signals of the NC table at three directions are tested; the singular spectrum of the signals is acquired with SVD; principal components of the signals are found out; dynamic char-acteristics of the signals and their contributing factors are studied by extracting dynamic characteristics of principal components; and signals and principal components are quantitatively analyzed by calculating signal energy. Results indicate that signal characteristics of the previous two principal components are apparent, based on which dynamic characteristics of chaotic signal can be extracted. Signal at the perpendicular direction of the table is signifi-cantly correlated with that at the horizontal motion dir-ection, which indicates that they are excited from the same vibration source. However, signals perpendicular to each other in terms of the motion direction at the horizontal level are rarely correlated; the total signal energy is max-imum at the motion direction, minimum at the horizontal non-motion direction, and medium at the perpendicular non-motion direction. Bending vibration of the lead screw at the perpendicular direction is far more violent than that at the horizontal direction.

  2. A combined crossed molecular beams and theoretical study of the reaction CN + C{sub 2}H{sub 4}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balucani, Nadia, E-mail: [Dipartimento di Chimica, Biologia e Biotecnologie, Università degli Studi di Perugia, Perugia (Italy); Leonori, Francesca; Petrucci, Raffaele [Dipartimento di Chimica, Biologia e Biotecnologie, Università degli Studi di Perugia, Perugia (Italy); Wang, Xingan [Dipartimento di Chimica, Biologia e Biotecnologie, Università degli Studi di Perugia, Perugia (Italy); Department of Chemical Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China); Casavecchia, Piergiorgio [Dipartimento di Chimica, Biologia e Biotecnologie, Università degli Studi di Perugia, Perugia (Italy); Skouteris, Dimitrios [Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa (Italy); Albernaz, Alessandra F. [Instituto de Física, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília (Brazil); Gargano, Ricardo [Instituto de Física, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília (Brazil); Departments of Chemistry and Physics, University of Florida, Quantum Theory Project, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)


    Highlights: • The CN + C{sub 2}H{sub 4} reaction was investigated in crossed beam experiments. • Electronic structure calculations of the potential energy surface were performed. • RRKM estimates qualitatively reproduce the experimental C{sub 2}H{sub 3}NC yield. - Abstract: The CN + C{sub 2}H{sub 4} reaction has been investigated experimentally, in crossed molecular beam (CMB) experiments at the collision energy of 33.4 kJ/mol, and theoretically, by electronic structure calculations of the relevant potential energy surface and Rice–Ramsperger–Kassel–Marcus (RRKM) estimates of the product branching ratio. Differently from previous CMB experiments at lower collision energies, but similarly to a high energy study, we have some indication that a second reaction channel is open at this collision energy, the characteristics of which are consistent with the channel leading to CH{sub 2}CHNC + H. The RRKM estimates using M06L electronic structure calculations qualitatively support the experimental observation of C{sub 2}H{sub 3}NC formation at this and at the higher collision energy of 42.7 kJ/mol of previous experiments.

  3. 76 FR 49664 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Beaufort Channel, Beaufort, NC (United States)


    ... deviation is necessary to accommodate racing participants for the ``Neuse Riverkeeper Foundation Sprint..., at Beaufort, NC. The bike route of the ``Neuse Riverkeeper Foundation Sprint Triathlon'' crosses...

  4. Multicomponent Interstitial Diffusion in and Thermodynamic Characteristics of the Interstitial Solid Solution ɛ-Fe3(N,C)1+ x : Nitriding and Nitrocarburizing of Pure α-Iron (United States)

    Woehrle, T.; Leineweber, A.; Mittemeijer, E. J.


    A series of gas nitriding and gas nitrocarburizing experiments was performed at 823 K (550 °C) to investigate the growth kinetics of ɛ-Fe3(N,C)1+ x /γ'-Fe4N1- z -double layers on pure α-iron substrates. The growth rate and composition of the (sub)layers were determined by (sub)layer-thickness measurements using light optical microscopy and electron-probe microanalyses (EPMA), respectively. Models for the growth of bilayers into a substrate, controlled by the interstitial diffusion of two elements (N and C), were applied to the experimental data to determine the intrinsic diffusion coefficients of N and C in ɛ-Fe3(N,C)1+ x as well as the self-diffusion coefficient of N in γ'-Fe4N1- z . For ɛ-Fe3(N,C)1+ x , it was found that the four components of the diffusion matrix, D_{{NN}}^{\\varepsilon } , D_{{CC}}^{\\varepsilon } , D_{{NC}}^{\\varepsilon } and D_{{CN}}^{\\varepsilon } , are all positive. The significant values of the off-diagonal diffusivities D_{{NC}}^{\\varepsilon } and D_{{CN}}^{\\varepsilon } indicate profound interaction of both interstitial species. Thereby, additional information is obtained about the thermodynamic properties of the ɛ phase in the ternary Fe-N-C system.

  5. Identification of a potential superhard compound ReCN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fan, Xiaofeng, E-mail: [College of Materials Science and Engineering and Key Laboratory of Automobile Materials of MOE, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Li, M.M. [College of Materials Science and Engineering and Key Laboratory of Automobile Materials of MOE, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Singh, David J. [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6056 (United States); Jiang, Qing [College of Materials Science and Engineering and Key Laboratory of Automobile Materials of MOE, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Zheng, W.T., E-mail: [College of Materials Science and Engineering and Key Laboratory of Automobile Materials of MOE, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); State Key Laboratory of Superhard Materials, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China)


    Highlights: • We identify a new ternary compound ReCN with theoretical calculation. • The ternary compound ReCN is with two stable structures with P63mc and P3m1. • ReCN is a semiconductor from the calculation of electronic structures. • ReCN is found to possess the outstanding mechanical properties. • ReCN may be synthesized relatively easily. - Abstract: We identify a new ternary compound, ReCN and characterize its properties including structural stability and indicators of hardness using first principles calculations. We find that there are two stable structures with space groups P63mc (HI) and P3m1 (HII), in which there are no C–C and N–N bonds. Both structures, H1 and III are elastically and dynamically stable. The electronic structures show that ReCN is a semiconductor, although the parent compounds, ReC{sub 2} and ReN{sub 2} are both metallic. ReCN is found to possess the outstanding mechanical properties with the large bulk modulus, shear modulus and excellent ideal strengths. In addition, ReCN may perhaps be synthesized relatively easily because it becomes thermodynamic stable with respect to decomposition at very low pressures.

  6. Generation, spectroscopy, and structure of cyanoformyl chloride and cyanoformyl bromide, XC(O)CN. (United States)

    Pasinszki, Tibor; Vass, Gábor; Klapstein, Dieter; Westwood, Nicholas P C


    Cyanoformyl chloride and cyanoformyl bromide, XC(O)CN (X = Cl and Br), have been investigated in the gas phase by UV photoelectron and mid-infrared spectroscopies. The ground-state geometries of the neutral molecules have been obtained from quantum-chemical calculations at the B3LYP and CCSD(T) levels using the aug-cc-pVTZ basis set. The individual spectroscopies provide a detailed investigation into the vibrational and electronic character of the molecules and are supported by quantum-chemical calculations. The results are compared to data for structurally and chemically related molecules.

  7. B4CN3 and B3CN4 monolayers as the promising candidates for metal-free spintronic materials (United States)

    Pan, Hongzhe; Sun, Yuanyuan; Zheng, Yongping; Tang, Nujiang; Du, Youwei


    The search for candidates of spintronic materials, especially among the two-dimensional (2D) materials, has attracted tremendous attentions over the past decades. By using a particle swarm optimization structure searching method combined with density functional calculations, two kinds of boron carbonitride monolayer structures (B4CN3 and B3CN4) are proposed and confirmed to be dynamically and kinetically stable. Intriguingly, we demonstrate that the magnetic ground states of the two B x C y N z systems are ferromagnetic ordering with a high Curie temperature of respectively 337 K for B4CN3 and 309 K for B3CN4. Furthermore, based on their respective band structures, the B4CN3 is found to be a bipolar magnetic semiconductor (BMS), while the B3CN4 is identified to be a type of spin gapless semiconductor (SGS), both of which are potential spintronic materials. In particular, carrier doping in the B4CN3 can induce a transition from BMS to half-metal, and its spin polarization direction is switchable depending on the doped carrier type. The BMS property of B4CN3 is very robust under an external strain or even a strong electric field. By contrast, as a SGS, the electronic structure of B3CN4 is relatively sensitive to external influences. Our findings successfully disclose two promising materials toward 2D metal-free spintronic applications.

  8. Detection of C2, CN, and NaID absorption in the AGB remnant of HD56126

    CERN Document Server

    Bakker, E J; Trams, N R; Van der Wolf, F L A; Bakker, Eric J; Trams, Norman R; Van der Wolf, Frank L A


    We present the detection of molecular absorption lines in the optical spectrum of the post-AGB star HD56126. The C2 Phillips A^{1}\\Pi_{u}-X^{1}\\Sigma^{+}_{g} (1,0), (2,0), and (3,0); Swan d^{3}\\Pi_{g}-a^{3}\\Pi_{u} (0,0) and (1,0); and CN Red system A^{2}\\Pi-X^{2}\\Sigma^{+} (1,0), (2,0), (3,0), and (4,0) bands have been identified. From the identification of the molecular bands we find an expansion velocity of 8.5+-0.6 kms independent of excitation condition or molecular specie. On the basis of the expansion velocity, rotational temperatures, and molecular column densities we argue that the line-forming region is the AGB remnant. This is in agreement with the expansion velocity derived from the CO lines. We find column densities of log N_C2=15.3+-0.3 cm-2 and log N_CN=15.5+-0.3 cm-2, and rotational temperatures of T_rot=242+-20 K and T_rot=24+-5 K respectively for C2 and CN. By studying molecular line absorption in optical spectra of post-AGB stars we have found a new tracer of the AGB remnant. From comparison...

  9. Synthesis and single-crystal structure of the pseudo-ternary compounds LiA[N(CN){sub 2}]{sub 2} (A = K or Rb)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reckeweg, Olaf; DiSalvo, Francis J. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Baker Lab.


    Crystals of LiA[N(CN){sub 2}]{sub 2} were obtained from the reaction of LiCl and ACl (A = K or Rb) with Ag[N(CN){sub 2}] in water and subsequent evaporation of the filtered solution at 80 C under normal atmospheric conditions. Crystals of the title compound form thin rectangular plates that are transparent, colorless, and very fragile. Single-crystal structure analyses have shown that both compounds are isotypic and adopt the tetragonal space group I4/mcm (no. 140, Z = 4) with the cell parameters a = 701.53(12) and c = 1413.7(5) pm for LiK[N(CN){sub 2}]{sub 2} and a = 730.34(10) and c = 1414.4(4) pm for LiRb[N(CN){sub 2}]{sub 2}. The crystal structure is described and compared to that of the pseudo-binary alkali metal dicyanamides.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    The structure features and driving modes of virtual-axis NC machine tools are studied.Accor- ding to different application requirements,the three-axis control method,the five-axis control method and the six-freedom control method are put forward.These results lay a foundation for the product development of the virtual-axis NC machine tools.

  11. On pseudorandom generators in NC0

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cryan, Mary; Miltersen, Peter Bro


    In this paper we consider the question of whether NC 0 circuits can generate pseudorandom distributions. While we leave the general question unanswered, we show – • Generators computed by NC 0 circuits where each output bit depends on at most 3 input bits (i.e, DNC 3 0 circuits) and with stretch...

  12. ncRNA consensus secondary structure derivation using grammar strings. (United States)

    Achawanantakun, Rujira; Sun, Yanni; Takyar, Seyedeh Shohreh


    Many noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) function through both their sequences and secondary structures. Thus, secondary structure derivation is an important issue in today's RNA research. The state-of-the-art structure annotation tools are based on comparative analysis, which derives consensus structure of homologous ncRNAs. Despite promising results from existing ncRNA aligning and consensus structure derivation tools, there is a need for more efficient and accurate ncRNA secondary structure modeling and alignment methods. In this work, we introduce a consensus structure derivation approach based on grammar string, a novel ncRNA secondary structure representation that encodes an ncRNA's sequence and secondary structure in the parameter space of a context-free grammar (CFG) and a full RNA grammar including pseudoknots. Being a string defined on a special alphabet constructed from a grammar, grammar string converts ncRNA alignment into sequence alignment. We derive consensus secondary structures from hundreds of ncRNA families from BraliBase 2.1 and 25 families containing pseudoknots using grammar string alignment. Our experiments have shown that grammar string-based structure derivation competes favorably in consensus structure quality with Murlet and RNASampler. Source code and experimental data are available at

  13. Advances and Future Issues for STEP-compliant NC Manufacture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Riliang; ZHANG Chengrui; NEWMAN Stephen T


    Over the last years a new data model, known as STEP-NC, has been proposed and accepted as an international standard (ISO 14649) to replace ISO 6983 (G&M code programming). STEP-NC enables bi-directional communication of high-level geometric and manufacturing information, and provides a way of interoperable and adaptable NC manufacturing of mechanical components. This paper starts with an overview of the STEP-NC data model, provides a brief review of the global research and development activities, and tries to identify the issues and challenges for the application of the new standard and the implementation of related systems. This paper also provides a vision of the STEP-compliant NC manufacturing and the development trends of related technologies and systems, focusing on STEP-compliant CNCs.

  14. EST Table: CN212020 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN212020 rzhswab0_002434 11/12/09 n.h 10/09/28 low homology 10/09/01 low homology 1...0/08/28 n.h 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 low homology CN212020 L12 ...

  15. EST Table: CN211821 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN211821 rzhswab0_006514 11/12/09 n.h 10/09/28 62 %/161 aa ref|XP_969343.1| PREDICT...|Amel|GB11559-PA 10/09/10 62 %/161 aa gi|91086147|ref|XP_969343.1| PREDICTED: similar to CG1972 CG1972-PA [Tribolium castaneum] CN211821 L12 ...


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Jiarong


    Some previous results on convergence of Taylor series in Cn [3] are improved by indicating outside the domain of convergence the points where the series diverges and simplifying some proofs. These results contain the Cauchy-Hadamard theorem in C. Some Cauchy integral formulas of a holomorphic function on a closed ball in Cn are constructed and the Taylor series expansion is deduced.

  17. Effect of C/N ratio and salinity on power generation in compost microbial fuel cells. (United States)

    Md Khudzari, Jauharah; Tartakovsky, Boris; Raghavan, G S Vijaya


    In this work, compost Microbial Fuel Cells (cMFCs) were used to generate electricity from a mix of fruit and vegetable wastes, and soil with different C/N ratios and salinities. Experiments were carried out in 500mL cMFCs equipped with carbon felt anodes and manganese dioxide cathodes. The cMFCs were loaded with fresh compost and operated at 20-23°C for up to 97days. The low C/N ratio (C/N 24) had a greater power production with a maximum power density of 5.29mW/m(2) (71.43mW/m(3)), indicating a more favorable condition for microbial growth. High-saline cMFCs produced lower power, suggesting that their level of salinity (10g/L of NaCl) inhibited electricigenic microorganisms. The closed-circuit cMFC showed an improved degradation of organic matter by 6% to 8% compared to the control MFC operated in an open circuit mode (no external resistor attached).

  18. Optimal C:N ratio for the production of red pigments by Monascus ruber. (United States)

    Said, Farhan M; Brooks, John; Chisti, Yusuf


    The carbon-to-nitrogen (C:N) ratio in the biomass of microfungi tends to be quite different (e.g. 10-15) compared with the C:N ratio in the red pigments (e.g. >20) of the fungus Monascus ruber. Therefore, determining an optimal C:N ratio in the culture medium for maximizing the production of the pigments is important. A culture medium composition is established for maximizing the production of the red pigment by the fungus M. ruber ICMP 15220 in submerged culture. The highest volumetric productivity of the red pigment was 0.023 AU L(-1) h(-1) in a batch culture (30 °C, initial pH of 6.5) with a defined medium of the following composition (g L(-1)): glucose (10), monosodium glutamate (MSG) (10), MgSO4·7H2O (0.5), KH2PO4 (5), K2HPO4 (5), ZnSO4·7H2O (0.01), FeSO4·7H2O (0.01), CaCl2 (0.1), MnSO4·H2O (0.03). This medium formulation had a C:N mole ratio of 9:1. Under these conditions, the specific growth rate of the fungus was 0.043 h(-1) and the peak biomass concentration was 6.7 g L(-1) in a 7-day culture. The biomass specific productivity of the red pigment was 1.06 AU g(-1) h(-1). The best nitrogen source proved to be MSG although four other inorganic nitrogen sources were evaluated.

  19. Slow magnetic relaxation induced by a large transverse zero-field splitting in a Mn(II)Re(IV)(CN)2 single-chain magnet. (United States)

    Feng, Xiaowen; Liu, Junjie; Harris, T David; Hill, Stephen; Long, Jeffrey R


    The model compounds (NBu(4))(2)[ReCl(4)(CN)(2)] (1), (DMF)(4)ZnReCl(4)(CN)(2) (2), and [(PY5Me(2))(2)Mn(2)ReCl(4)(CN)(2)](PF(6))(2) (3) have been synthesized to probe the origin of the magnetic anisotropy barrier in the one-dimensional coordination solid (DMF)(4)MnReCl(4)(CN)(2) (4). High-field electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy reveals the presence of an easy-plane anisotropy (D > 0) with a significant transverse component, E, in compounds 1-3. These findings indicate that the onset of one-dimensional spin correlations within the chain compound 4 leads to a suppression of quantum tunneling of the magnetization within the easy plane, resulting in magnetic bistability and slow relaxation behavior. Within this picture, it is the transverse E term associated with the Re(IV) centers that determines the easy axis and the anisotropy energy scale associated with the relaxation barrier. The results demonstrate for the first time that slow magnetic relaxation can be achieved through optimization of the transverse anisotropy associated with magnetic ions that possess easy-plane anisotropy, thus providing a new direction in the design of single-molecule and single-chain magnets.

  20. Nonadiabatic photofragmentation dynamics of BrCN{sup −}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Opoku-Agyeman, Bernice; McCoy, Anne B., E-mail: [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Case, Amanda S.; Lehman, Julia H.; Lineberger, W. Carl, E-mail: [JILA and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States)


    The photofragmentation dynamics of BrCN{sup −} in the 270–355 nm and the 430–600 nm wavelength regions is explored both experimentally and theoretically. In the case of excitation between 430 nm and 600 nm, it is found that the molecular ion accesses two dissociation channels with a measured 60:40 branching ratio that is nearly constant over this range of photon energies. The dominant product channel corresponds to Br{sup −} + CN, while the second channel correlates to spin-orbit excited Br{sup *} with CN{sup −}. A larger wavelength dependence of the branching ratio is observed at shorter wavelengths, where the fraction of Br{sup −} based products ranges from 80% to 95% at 355 nm and 270 nm, respectively. These branching ratios are reproduced and the mechanisms are explored by quantum dynamics calculations based on ground and excited state potential energy surfaces for BrCN{sup −}, evaluated at the SO-MRCISD level of theory. It is found that the electronic states that correlate to the two observed product channels are coupled through the spin-orbit terms in the electronic Hamiltonian. The strength of this coupling displays a strong dependence on the Br-CN angle. Specifically, after promotion to the excited state that is energetically accessible with 430–600 nm photons, it is found that when the wave packet accesses Br-CN separations of between 4 Å and 6 Å, predominantly the Br{sup −} + CN products are formed when the Br-CN angle is smaller than 120°. For larger values of the Br-CN angle, the Br{sup *} + CN{sup −} channel dominates. At the shorter wavelength excitation, the dynamics is complicated by a pair of states that correlate to electronically excited CN{sup *} + Br{sup −} products that borrow oscillator strength from the bright state, leading to an increase in the amount of Br{sup −} relative to CN{sup −}. The implications of these findings are discussed and compared to the experimentally measured product branching ratios for the

  1. Non-leptonic kaon decays at large $N_c$

    CERN Document Server

    Donini, A; Pena, C; Romero-López, F


    We study the scaling with the number of colours, $N_c$, of the weak amplitudes mediating kaon mixing and decay. We evaluate the amplitudes of the two relevant current-current operators on the lattice for $N_c=3-7$. We conclude that the subleading $1/N_c$ corrections in $\\hat{B}_K$ are small, but those in the $K \\rightarrow \\pi\\pi$ amplitudes are large and fully anti-correlated in the $I=0, 2$ isospin channels. We briefly comment on the implications for the $\\Delta I=1/2$ rule.

  2. Lattice study of large $N_c$ QCD

    CERN Document Server

    DeGrand, Thomas


    We present a lattice simulation study of large $N_c$ regularities of meson and baryon spectroscopy in $SU(N_c)$ gauge theory with two flavors of dynamical fundamental representation fermions. Systems investigated include $N_c=2$, 3, 4, and 5, over a range of fermion masses parametrized by a squared pseudoscalar to vector meson mass ratio between about 0.2 to 0.7. Good agreement with large $N_c$ scaling is observed in the static potential, in meson masses and decay constants, and in baryon spectroscopy.

  3. A new technique of integral representations in Cn

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    A new technique of integral representations in Cn, which is different from the well-known Henkin technique, is given. By means of this new technique, a new integral formula for smooth functions and a new integral representation of solutions of the -equations on strictly pseudoconvex domains in Cn are obtained. These new formulas are simpler than the classical ones, especially the solutions of the -equations admit simple uniform estimates. Moreover, this new technique can be further applied to arbitrary bounded domains in Cn so that all corresponding formulas are simplified.

  4. H2CN+ and H2CNH+: New insight into the structure and dynamics from mass-selected threshold photoelectron spectra (United States)

    Holzmeier, Fabian; Lang, Melanie; Hader, Kilian; Hemberger, Patrick; Fischer, Ingo


    In this paper, we reinvestigate the photoionization of nitrogen containing reactive intermediates of the composition H2CN and H2CNH, molecules of importance in astrochemistry and biofuel combustion. In particular, H2CN is also of considerable interest to theory, because of its complicated potential energy surface. The species were generated by flash pyrolysis, ionized with vacuum ultraviolet synchrotron radiation, and studied by mass-selected threshold photoelectron (TPE) spectroscopy. In the mass-selected TPE-spectrum of m/z = 28, contributions of all four isomers of H2CN were identified. The excitation energy to the triplet cation of the methylene amidogen radical H2CN was determined to be 12.32 eV. Considerable activity in the C-N mode of the cation is visible. Furthermore, we derived values for excitation into the triplet cations of 11.72 eV for cis-HCNH, 12.65 eV for trans-HCNH, and 11.21 eV for H2NC. The latter values are probably accurate to within one vibrational quantum. The spectrum features an additional peak at 10.43 eV that corresponds to excitation into the C2v-symmetric H2CN+. As this structure constitutes a saddle point, the peak is assigned to an activated complex on the singlet potential energy surface of the cation, corresponding to a hydrogen atom migration. For methanimine, H2CNH, the adiabatic ionization energy IEad was determined to be 9.99 eV and the vibrational structure of the spectrum was analyzed in detail. The uncertainty of earlier values that simply assigned the signal onset to the IEad is thus considerably reduced. The spectrum is dominated by the H-N-C bending mode ν1+ and the rocking mode ν3+. All experimental data were supported by calculations and Franck-Condon simulations.

  5. Dynamic characteristics of an NC table with phase space reconstruction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Linhong WANG; Bo WU; Runsheng DU; Shuzi YANG


    The dynamic properties of a numerical control (NC) table directly interfere with the accuracy and surface quality of work pieces machined by a computer numerical control (CNC) machine. Phase space reconstruction is an effective approach for researching dynamic behaviors of a system with measured time series. Based on the theory and method for phase space reconstruction, the correlation dimension, maximum Lyapunov exponent, and dynamic time series measured from the NC table were analyzed. The characteristic quantities such as the power spectrum, phase trajectories, correlation dimension, and maximum Lyapunov exponent are extracted from the measured time series. The chaotic characteristic of the dynamic properties of the NC table is revealed via various approaches.Therefore, an NC table is a nonlinear dynamic system. This research establishes a basis for dynamic system discrimi-nation of a CNC machine.

  6. Research on Visual Virtual Design Platform for NC Machine Tools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Rufu; CHEN Xiaoping; SUN Qinghong


    The fundamental ideas on building the collaborative design platform of virtual visualization for NC machine tools are introduced. The platform is based on the globally shared product model conforming to the STEP Standard, and used PDM system to integrate and encapsulate CAD/CAE and other application software for the product development. The platform also integrated the expert system of NC machine tools design, analysis and estimation. This expert system utilized fuzzy estimation principle to evaluate the design and simulation analysis results and make decisions. The platform provides the collaborative intelligent environment for the design of virtual NC machine tools prototype aiming at integrated product design team. It also supports the customized development of NC machine tools.

  7. Large-Nc Gauge Theory and Chiral Random Matrix Theory (United States)

    Hanada, Masanori; Lee, Jong-Wan; Yamada, Norikazu

    Effective theory approaches and the large-Nc limit are useful for studying the strongly coupled gauge theories. In this talk we consider how the chiral random matrix theory (χRMT) can be used in the study of large-Nc gauge theories. It turns out the parameter regions, in which each of these two approaches are valid, are different. Still, however, we show that the breakdown of chiral symmetry can be detected by combining the large-Nc argument and the χRMT with some cares. As a demonstration, we numerically study the four dimensional SU(Nc) gauge theory with Nf = 2 heavy adjoint fermions on a 24 lattice by using Monte-Carlo simulations, which is related to the infinite volume lattice through the Eguchi-Kawai equivalence.

  8. Observations of NC stop nets for bottlenose dolphin takes (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To observe the NC stop net fishery to document the entanglement of bottlenose dolphins and movement of dolphins around the nets.

  9. 77 FR 33997 - Television Broadcasting Services; Greenville, NC (United States)


    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Television Broadcasting Services; Greenville, NC AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: The Commission has before it a petition for rulemaking filed...

  10. Synthesis, thermolysis, and sensitivities of HMX/NC energetic nanocomposites. (United States)

    Wang, Yi; Song, Xiaolan; Song, Dan; Liang, Li; An, Chongwei; Wang, Jingyu


    1,3,5,7-Tetranittro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocane/nitrocellulose (HMX/NC) nanocomposites were successfully synthesized by an improved sol-gel-supercritical method. NC nanoparticles with a size of ∼30nm were cross-linked to form a network structure, and HMX nanoparticles were imbedded in the nano-NC matrix. The key factors, i.e., the selection of catalyst and solvent, were probed. No phase transformation of the HMX occurred before or after fabrication, and the molecular structures of the HMX and NC did not change. Thermal analyses were performed, and the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters, such as activation energy (EK), per-exponent factor (lnAK), rate constant (k), activation heat (ΔH(≠)), activation free energy (ΔG(≠)), activation entropy (ΔS(≠)), critical temperature of thermal explosion (Tb), and critical heating rate of thermal explosion (dT/dt)Tb, were calculated. The results indicate that HMX/NC presented a much lower activation energy (165.03kJ/mol) than raw HMX (282.5kJ/mol) or raw NC (175.51kJ/mol). The chemical potential (ΔG(≠)) for the thermal decomposition of HMX/NC has a positive value, which means that the activation of the molecules would not proceed spontaneously. The significantly lower ΔH(≠) value of HMX/NC, which represents the heat needed to be absorbed by an explosive molecule to change it from its initial state to an activated state, implies that the molecules of HMX/NC are much easier to be activated than those of raw HMX. Similarly, the HMX/NC presented a much lower Tb (168.2°C) than raw HMX (283.2°C). From the results of the sensitivity tests, the impact and friction sensitivities of HMX/NC were significantly decreased compared with those of raw HMX, but the thermal sensitivity was distinctly higher. The activation of the particles under external stimulation was simulated, and the mechanism was found to be crucial. Combining the thermodynamic parameters, the mechanism as determined from the results of the sensitivity tests was

  11. precision deburring using NC and robot equipment. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gillespie, L.K.


    Deburring precision miniature components is often time consuming and inconsistent. Although robots are available for deburring parts, they are not precise enough for precision miniature parts. Numerical control (NC) machining can provide edge break consistencies to meet requirements such as maximum edge break (chamfer). Although NC machining has a number of technical limitations which prohibits its use on many geometries, it can be an effective approach to features that are particularly difficult to deburr.

  12. Nonlinear Absorption Properties of nc-Si:H Thin Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Zhenning; GUO Hengqun; LI Shichen; HUANG Yongzhen; WANG Qiming


    It is reported in this paper that the phenomenon of the saturated absorption of the exciton in hydrogenated nanocrystalline silicon (nc-Si:H) thin film fabricated by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) without any post-processing is observed at room temperature using pump-probe technology. This nonlinear optical absorption property is induced by the surface effect of the silicon nanoparticles in nc-Si:H thin films.

  13. Polymorphic phases of sp3-hybridized superhard CN (United States)

    Wang, Xiaoli


    It is well established that carbon nitride (CN) is a potential superhard material as its bond in network structures is slightly shorter than the C-C bond in diamond. However, the structure of superhard CN materials is yet to be determined experimentally. We have performed an extensive structural search for the high pressure crystalline phases of CN using the particle swarm optimization technique; seven low-energy polymorphic structures of sp3-hybridized CN have been found in an unbiased search. Density-functional theory calculations indicate that, among the seven low-energy crystalline structures, Pnnm structure (8 atoms/cell) is energetically more favorable than the previously reported most stable crystalline structure with 1:1 stoichiometry. Furthermore, Pnnm possesses the highest hardness (62.3 GPa). Formation enthalpies demonstrate that this material can be synthesized at pressure 10.9 GPa, lower than needed by β-C3N4 (14.1 GPa).

  14. Physiological function of combustion gas and especially that of CN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nishimaru, Y.; Tsuda, Y.


    When cyanide is absorbed and enters the blood stream, functions of the oxiginate ferment are suppressed in internal organs and tissues cells. The oxygen in blood is prevented from being consumed. The CN immediately unites with ferments such as cytochrome and interferes with their functions. In examples of death due to cyanide poisoning, cyanide hemoglobin is sometimes detected but it is now thought the CNHb probably does not function as a blood poison. A minute quantity of CN causes stimulation of the central nervous sytem but paralysis occurs immediately after. The respiratory functions are most easily affected, then the vasomotor and convulsion centers. There is evidence that CN also causes myocardial infarction. Research is neaded to determine how much of the damages done by CN, which is more poisonous than CO, is reversible.

  15. The charge storage of the nc-Si layer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴敏; 张林; 鲍云; 石建军; 陈铠; 李伟; 黄信凡; 陈坤基


    Sandwiched structures (a-SiNx/a-Si/a-SiNx) have been fabricated by the plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposi-tion technique. A Si nanocrystal (nc-Si) layer was formed by crystallization of an a-Si layer according to the constrainedcrystallization principle after quasi-static thermal annealing at 1100℃ for 30min. Transmission electron microscopy(TEM) and Raman scattering spectroscopy clearly demonstrated that nc-Si grains were formed in the as-deoositeda-Si layer after annealing. The density of nc-Si grains is about 1011cm-2 as shown by TEM photograplasx Usingcapacitance-voltage (C-V) measurements we investigated the electrical characteristics of the sandwiched structures.The charge storage phenomenon of the nc-Si layer was observed from the shift of flat-band voltage (VFB) in C-V curvesat a high frequency (1 MHz). We estimated the density of nc-Si grains to be about 1011cm-2 from the shift value ofVFB, which is in agreement with the result of TEM photographs. At the same time, we found that the shift of VFBincreased with the increase of the applied constant dc voltage or the thickness of the nc-Si layer.

  16. Astronomical identification of CN-, the smallest observed molecular anion

    CERN Document Server

    Agundez, M; Guelin, M; Kahane, C; Roueff, E; Klos, J; Aoiz, F J; Lique, F; Marcelino, N; Goicoechea, J R; Garcia, M Gonzalez; Gottlieb, C A; McCarthy, M C; Thaddeus, P


    We present the first astronomical detection of a diatomic negative ion, the cyanide anion CN-, as well as quantum mechanical calculations of the excitation of this anion through collisions with para-H2. CN- is identified through the observation of the J = 2-1 and J = 3-2 rotational transitions in the C-star envelope IRC +10216 with the IRAM 30-m telescope. The U-shaped line profiles indicate that CN-, like the large anion C6H-, is formed in the outer regions of the envelope. Chemical and excitation model calculations suggest that this species forms from the reaction of large carbon anions with N atoms, rather than from the radiative attachment of an electron to CN, as is the case for large molecular anions. The unexpectedly large abundance derived for CN-, 0.25 % relative to CN, makes likely its detection in other astronomical sources. A parallel search for the small anion C2H- remains so far unconclusive, despite the previous tentative identification of the J = 1-0 rotational transition. The abundance of C2H...

  17. Nc-Si Thin Film Deposited at Low Temperature and Nc-Si Heterojunction Solar Cell

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵占霞; 崔容强; 孟凡英; 于化丛; 周之斌


    This paper reported some results about intrinsic nanocrystalline silicon thin films deposited by high frequency (HF) sputtering on p-type c-Si substrates at low temperature. Samples were examined by atomic force microscopy (AFM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared absorption, and ellipsometry. XRD measurements show that this film has a new microstructure, which is different from the films deposited by other methods. The ellipsometry result gives that the optical band gap of the film is about 2.63 eV. In addition, the n-type nc-Si ∶ H/p-type c-Si heterojunction solar cell, which has open circuit voltage (Uoc) of 558 mV and short circuit current intensity (Isc) of 29 mA/cm2, was obtained based on the nanocrystalline silicon thin film. Irradiated under AM1.5, 100 mW/cm2 light intensity, the Uoc, Isc, and FF can keep stable for 10 h.

  18. The (Calix[4]arene)chloromolybdate(IV) anion [MoCl(Calix)](-): a convenient entry into molybdenum Calix[4]arene chemistry. (United States)

    Radius, Udo; Attner, J


    The complex (HNEt(3))[MoCl(NCMe)(Calix)] (1), prepared from the reaction of [MoCl(4)(NCMe)(2)] with p-tert-butylcalix[4]arene, H(4)Calix, in the presence of triethylamine, has been used as a source of the d(2)-[Mo(NCMe)(Calix)] fragment. Complex 1 is readily oxidized with PhICl(2) to afford the molybdenum(VI) dichloro complex [MoCl(2)(Calix)] (2). Both complexes are a convenient entry point into molybdenum(VI) and molybdenum(IV) calixarene chemistry. The reaction of 1 with trimethylphosphine and pyridine in the presence of catalytic amounts [Ag(OTf)] led to the formation of neutral d(2) complexes [Mo(PMe(3))(NCMe)(Calix)] (3) and [Mo(NC(5)H(5))(NCMe)(Calix)] (4). The role of the silver salt in the reaction mixture is presumably the oxidation of the chloromolybdate anion of 1 to give a reactive molybdenum(V) species. The same reactions can also be initiated with ferrocenium cations such as [Cp(2)Fe](BF(4)). Without the presence of coordinating ligands, the dimeric complex [[Mo(NCMe)(Calix)](2)] (5) was isolated. The reaction of 1 with Ph(2)CN(2) led to the formation of a metallahydrazone complex [Mo(N(2)CPh(2))(NCMe)(Calix)] (6), in which the diphenyldiazomethane has been formally reduced by two electrons. Molybdenum(VI) complexes were also obtained from reaction of 1 with azobenzene and sodium azide in the presence of catalytic amounts of silver salt. The reaction with azobenzene led under cleavage of the nitrogen nitrogen bond to an imido complex [Mo(NPh)(NCMe)(Calix)] (7), whereas the reaction with sodium azide afforded the mononuclear molybdenum(VI) nitrido complex (HNEt(3))[MoN(Calix)] (8).

  19. Crossed beam reaction of cyano radicals with hydrocarbon molecules. I. Chemical dynamics of cyanobenzene (C6H5CN; X 1A1) and perdeutero cyanobenzene (C6D5CN; X 1A1) formation from reaction of CN(X 2Σ+) with benzene C6H6(X 1A1g), and d6-benzene C6D6(X 1A1g) (United States)

    Balucani, N.; Asvany, O.; Chang, A. H. H.; Lin, S. H.; Lee, Y. T.; Kaiser, R. I.; Bettinger, H. F.; Schleyer, P. v. R.; Schaefer, H. F.


    The chemical reaction dynamics to form cyanobenzene C6H5CN(X 1A1), and perdeutero cyanobenzene C6D5CN(X 1A1) via the neutral-neutral reaction of the cyano radical CN(X 2Σ+), with benzene C6H6(X 1A1g) and perdeutero benzene C6D6(X 1A1g), were investigated in crossed molecular beam experiments at collision energies between 19.5 and 34.4 kJ mol-1. The laboratory angular distributions and time-of-flight spectra of the products were recorded at mass to charge ratios m/e=103-98 and 108-98, respectively. Forward-convolution fitting of our experimental data together with electronic structure calculations (B3LYP/6-311+G**) indicate that the reaction is without entrance barrier and governed by an initial attack of the CN radical on the carbon side to the aromatic π electron density of the benzene molecule to form a Cs symmetric C6H6CN(C6D6CN) complex. At all collision energies, the center-of-mass angular distributions are forward-backward symmetric and peak at π/2. This shape documents that the decomposing intermediate has a lifetime longer than its rotational period. The H/D atom is emitted almost perpendicular to the C6H5CN plane, giving preferentially sideways scattering. This experimental finding can be rationalized in light of the electronic structure calculations depicting a H-C-C angle of 101.2° in the exit transition state. The latter is found to be tight and located about 32.8 kJ mol-1 above the products. Our experimentally determined reaction exothermicity of 80-95 kJ mol-1 is in good agreement with the theoretically calculated one of 94.6 kJ mol-1. Neither the C6H6CN adduct nor the stable iso cyanobenzene isomer C6H5NC were found to contribute to the scattering signal. The experimental identification of cyanobenzene gives a strong background for the title reaction to be included with more confidence in reaction networks modeling the chemistry in dark, molecular clouds, outflow of dying carbon stars, hot molecular cores, as well as the atmosphere of hydrocarbon

  20. Non-global logarithms at finite Nc beyond leading order

    CERN Document Server

    Khelifa-Kerfa, Kamel


    We analytically compute non-global logarithms at finite Nc fully up to 4 loops and partially at 5 loops, for the hemisphere mass distribution in e+e- to di-jets to leading logarithmic accuracy. Our method of calculation relies solely on integrating the eikonal squared-amplitudes for the emission of soft energy-ordered real-virtual gluons over the appropriate phase space. We show that the series of non-global logarithms in the said distribution exhibits a pattern of exponentiation thus confirming - by means of brute force - previous findings. In the large-Nc limit, our results coincide with those recently reported in literature. A comparison of our proposed exponential form with all-orders numerical solutions is performed and the phenomenological impact of the finite-Nc corrections is discussed.

  1. Low temperature synthesis of SiCN nanostructures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG Wen Juan; MA XueMing


    Silicon carbon nitride (SiCN) nanowires, nanorods and nanotubes have gained much attention due to their excellent field emission and photoluminescence properties. These nanostructures were usually grown using catalysts at high temperature (800-1000℃). In this paper, synthesis of SiCN nanostruc-tures at a temperature less than 500℃ is reported. Various kinds of SiCN nanostructures were synthe-sized using microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition method. Gas mixtures of CH4, H2 and N2 were used as precursors and Si chips were inserted in the sample holder at symmetrical positions around the specimen as additional Si sources. Metallic gallium was used as the liquid medium in a mechanism similar to vapor-liquid-solid. Morphologies of the resultant were characterized by field emission scan-ning electron microscopy. Energy dispersive spectrometry and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to characterize their compositions and bonding states.

  2. Low temperature synthesis of SiCN nanostructures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Silicon carbon nitride (SiCN) nanowires, nanorods and nanotubes have gained much attention due to their excellent field emission and photoluminescence properties. These nanostructures were usually grown using catalysts at high temperature (800―1000℃). In this paper, synthesis of SiCN nanostruc-tures at a temperature less than 500℃ is reported. Various kinds of SiCN nanostructures were synthe-sized using microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition method. Gas mixtures of CH4, H2 and N2 were used as precursors and Si chips were inserted in the sample holder at symmetrical positions around the specimen as additional Si sources. Metallic gallium was used as the liquid medium in a mechanism similar to vapor-liquid-solid. Morphologies of the resultant were characterized by field emission scan-ning electron microscopy. Energy dispersive spectrometry and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to characterize their compositions and bonding states.

  3. Eikonal gluon bremsstrahlung at finite Nc beyond two loops (United States)

    Delenda, Yazid; Khelifa-Kerfa, Kamel


    We present a general formalism for computing the matrix-element squared for the emission of soft energy-ordered gluons beyond two loops in QCD perturbation theory at finite Nc. Our formalism is valid in the eikonal approximation. A Mathematica program has been developed for the automated calculation of all real/virtual eikonal squared amplitudes needed at a given loop order. For the purpose of illustration, we show the explicit forms of the eikonal squared amplitudes up to the fifth-loop order. In the large-Nc limit, our results coincide with those previously reported in literature.

  4. Eikonal gluon radiation at finite-Nc beyond 2 loops

    CERN Document Server

    Khelifa-Kerfa, Kamel


    We present first calculations of QCD matrix-elements in perturbation theory at finite Nc beyond 2 loops in the eikonal approximation for e+ e- annihilation processes. For the emission of n soft energy-ordered gluons we solve both the colour and kinematic structures at a given order in perturbation theory by means of a Mathematica program that relies solely on a recently developed Mathematica code, ColorMath, that evaluates the trace of products of colour matrices. At large Nc, our squared amplitudes reduce to those already known in the literature.

  5. Exact symmetry of large $N_{c}$ QCD

    CERN Document Server

    Page, P R


    QCD and QED exhibit an infinite set of three-point Green's functions that contain only OZI rule violating contributions, and (for QCD) vanish exactly in the large N_c limit. This is due to symmetrization, do not follow from any Lagrangian symmetry, and constitutes the discovery of a new symmetry principle in QCD and QED. We prove that the amplitude for a neutral hybrid {1,3,5...}^{-+} exotic current to create eta pi0 vanishes exactly for QCD in the large N_c limit. Crystal Barrel's experimental claim of a resonant 1^{-+} decaying to eta pi0 suggests that the 1^{-+} is not a hybrid meson.

  6. On Levi-flat hypersurfaces with given boundary in Cn

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pierre DOLBEAULT


    Let S Cn be a compact connected 2-codimensional submanifold.If n ≥ 3,essentially local conditions and the assumption: every complex point of S is elliptic imply the existence of a projection in Cn of a Levi-flat (2n - 1)-subvariety whose boundary is S (Dolbeault,Tomassini,Zaitsev,2005).We extend the result when S is homeomorphic to a sphere and has one hyperbolic point.For n = 2 many results are known since the 1980's and a new result with a very technical hypothesis is announced.

  7. Reanalysis of UHS Cofrentes; Reanalisis del UHS de CN Cofrentes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez Garcia, G. M.; Arteaga Sualdea, M. A.; Rebollo Garcia, C.; Mota coloma, M.


    The purpose of the reanalysis of the UHS is to revalue the cooling flow required for each changer ESW NC Cofrentes, to evacuate thermal loads their H / X, giving credit to lower water temperature UHS reservoir (heat sink ), maintaining the same heat exchange capacity in all H / X.

  8. Highly conducting and preferred oriented boron doped nc-Si films for window layers in nc-Si solar cells (United States)

    Mondal, Praloy; Das, Debajyoti


    Growth and optimization of the boron dopednanocrystalline silicon (nc-Si) films have been studied by varyingthe gaspressure applied to the hydrogendiluted silane plasma in RF (13.56 MHz) plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) system, using diborane (B2H6) as the dopant gas. High magnitudeof electrical conductivity (~102 S cm-1) andorientedcrystallographic lattice planes have been obtained with high crystalline volume fraction (~86 %) at an optimum pressure of 2.5 Torr. XRD and Raman studies reveal good crystallinity with preferred orientation, suitable for applications in stacked layer devices, particularly in nc-Si solar cells.

  9. Anion-π recognition between [M(CN)6](3-) complexes and HAT(CN)6: structural matching and electronic charge density modification. (United States)

    Kobylarczyk, Jedrzej; Pinkowicz, Dawid; Srebro-Hooper, Monika; Hooper, James; Podgajny, Robert


    Hexacyanidometalates (M = Fe(III), Co(III)) and multisite anion receptor HAT(CN)6 (1,4,5,8,9,11-hexaazatriphenylenehexacarbonitrile) recognize each other in acetonitrile solution and self-assemble into the novel molecular networks (PPh4)3[M(CN)6][HAT(CN)6] (M = Fe, 1; Co, 2) and (AsPh4)3[M(CN)6][HAT(CN)6]·2MeCN·H2O (M = Fe, 3; Co, 4). 1-4 contain the stacked columns {[M(CN)6](3-);[HAT(CN)6]}∞ separated by the organic cations. All of the M-C[triple bond, length as m-dash]N vectors point collectively towards the centroids of pyrazine rings on neighboring HAT(CN)6 molecules, with Ncyanidecentroidpyrazine distances that are under 3 Å. The directional character and structural parameters of the new supramolecular synthons correspond to collective triple anion-π interactions between the CN(-) ligands of the metal complexes and the π-deficient areas of HAT(CN)6. Physicochemical characterisation (IR spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry) and dispersion-corrected DFT studies reveal the dominating charge-transfer (CT) and polarisation characters of the interactions. The electronic density flow occurs from the CN(-) ligands of [M(CN)6](3-) to the HAT(CN)6 orbital systems and further, toward the peripheral -CN groups of HAT(CN)6. Solid-state DFT calculations determined the total interaction energy of HAT(CN)6 to be ca. -125 kcal mol(-1), which gives ca. -15 kcal mol(-1) per one CN(-)HAT(CN)6 contact after subtraction of the interaction with organic cations. The UV-Vis electronic absorption measurements prove that the intermolecular interactions persist in solution and suggest a 1 : 1 composition of the anion-π {[M(CN)6](3-);[HAT(CN)6]} chromophore, with the formation constant Kadd = (5.8 ± 6) × 10(2) dm(3) mol(-1) and the molar absorption coefficient εadd = 180 ± 9 cm(-1) dm(3) mol(-1) at 600 nm, as estimated from concentration-dependent studies.

  10. Post occupancy survey of the Arizona LEED NC population (United States)

    Oates, Hugo Dixon

    Existing green building literature has not provided conclusive performance results for energy efficiency, water efficiency and the utilization and proper management of green building features. The few existing energy performance studies had not represented a significant portion of a population, were not random samples, did not included many structures from hot and dry climates and had generated heavily debated results. This thesis examines the fifty-three buildings comprising the Arizona Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design for New Construction (LEED NC) building population and in doing so hypothesizes that Arizona's LEED NC buildings achieve expected energy and water performance and exhibit various energy efficiency correlations. The thesis also establishes a baseline understanding of Arizona's LEED NC population characteristics. Data collection efforts were successful for all desired deliverables with the exception of water performance metrics. Energy analysis results rejected the energy efficiency hypotheses by returning greater energy use intensities than the non-LEED national building stock as well as the design and baseline energy use simulations. The energy correlation analysis returned statistically significant results for a single system attribute and several managerial attributes. The results suggest that the LEED NC rating system requires immediate reevaluation to ensure future green building success in Arizona.

  11. Large $N_{c}$ in chiral perturbation theory

    CERN Document Server

    Kaiser, R


    The construction of the effective Lagrangian relevant for the mesonic sector of QCD in the large N_c limit meets with a few rather subtle problems. We thoroughly examine these and show that, if the variables of the effective theory are chosen suitably, the known large N_c counting rules of QCD can unambiguously be translated into corresponding counting rules for the effective coupling constants. As an application, we demonstrate that the Kaplan-Manohar transformation is in conflict with these rules and is suppressed to all orders in 1/N_c. The anomalous dimension of the axial singlet current generates an additional complication: The corresponding external field undergoes nonmultiplicative renormalization. As a consequence, the Wess-Zumino-Witten term, which accounts for the U(3)_R x U(3)_L anomalies in the framework of the effective theory, contains pieces that depend on the running scale of QCD. The effect only shows up at nonleading order in 1/N_c, but requires specific unnatural parity contributions in the...

  12. 77 FR 56250 - North Carolina Disaster #NC-00044 (United States)


    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION North Carolina Disaster NC-00044 AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration. ACTION: Notice... INFORMATION CONTACT: A. Escobar, Office of Disaster Assistance, U.S. Small Business Administration, 409...

  13. 76 FR 38018 - Safety Zone, Newport River; Morehead City, NC (United States)


    ... standards are technical standards (e.g., specifications of materials, performance, design, or operation... in the Federal Register (33 FR 165). We received no comments on the proposed rule. No public meeting... Transportation awarded a contract to Astron General Contracting Company of Jacksonville, NC to perform...

  14. Large Nc volume reduction and chiral random matrix theory

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Jong-Wan; Yamada, Norikazu


    Motivated by recent progress on the understanding of the Eguchi-Kawai (EK) volume equivalence and growing interest in conformal window, we simultaneously use the large-Nc volume reduction and Chiral Random Matrix Theory (chRMT) to study the chiral symmetry breaking of four dimensional SU(Nc) gauge theory with adjoint fermions in the large Nc limit. Although some cares are required because the chRMT limit and 't Hooft limit are not compatible in general, we show that the breakdown of the chiral symmetry can be detected in large-Nc gauge theories. As a first step, we mainly focus on the quenched approximation to establish the methodology. We first confirm that heavy adjoint fermions, introduced as the center symmetry preserver, work as expected and thanks to them the volume reduction holds. Using massless overlap fermion as a probe, we then calculate the low-lying Dirac spectrum for fermion in the adjoint representation to compare to that of chRMT, and find that chiral symmetry is indeed broken in the quenched ...

  15. TwNC: a Multifaceted Dutch News Corpus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ordelman, Roeland; Jong, de Franciska; Hessen, van Arjan; Hondorp, Hendri


    This contribution describes the Twente News Corpus (TwNC), a multifaceted corpus for Dutch that is being deployed in a number of NLP research projects among which tracks within the Dutch national research programme MultimediaN, the NWO programme CATCH, and the Dutch-Flemish programme STEVIN. The de

  16. 78 FR 72009 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Star, NC (United States)


    ... Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to establish Class E airspace at Star, NC (78 FR 54413... Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and (3) does not warrant preparation of a... continues to read as follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g); 40103, 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565,...

  17. 77 FR 46631 - Television Broadcasting Services; Greenville, NC (United States)


    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 Television Broadcasting Services; Greenville, NC AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Commission has before it a petition for rulemaking filed by...

  18. EST Table: CN211963 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN211963 rzhswbb0_006380 10/09/28 100 %/136 aa ref|NP_001040402.1| preimplantation ...protein [Bombyx mori] gb|ABF51322.1| preimplantation protein [Bombyx mori] 10/09/01 87 %/137 aa FBpp0116991|

  19. EST Table: CN379387 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN379387 rzhswbb0_004120 10/09/28 99 %/113 aa gb|ADB13006.1| elongation factor-1 alpha [Colias pelidne skinn...eri] 10/09/01 95 %/113 aa FBpp0257399|DyakGE12389-PA 10/08/28 77 %/113 aa R03G5.1d#

  20. EST Table: CN376089 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN376089 rzhswbb0_006450 10/09/28 71 %/211 aa ref|NP_001040121.1| endothelial-monocyte... activating polypeptide II [Bombyx mori] gb|ABD36113.1| endothelial-monocyte activating polypeptide II [B

  1. EST Table: CN376087 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN376087 rzhswab0_001294 10/09/28 68 %/207 aa ref|NP_001040121.1| endothelial-monocyte... activating polypeptide II [Bombyx mori] gb|ABD36113.1| endothelial-monocyte activating polypeptide II [B

  2. Multiplier theorems for special Hermite expansions on Cn

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    The weak type (1,1) estimate for special Hermite expansions on Cn is proved by using the Calderón-Zygmund decomposition. Then the multiplier theorem in Lp(1

  3. CN and HCN in the infrared spectrum of IRC + 10216 (United States)

    Wiedemann, G. R.; Deming, D.; Jennings, D. E.; Hinkle, Kenneth H.; Keady, John J.


    The abundance of HCN in the inner circumstellar shell of IRC + 10216 has been remeasured using the 12-micron nu2 band. The 12-micron lines are less saturated than HCN 3-micron lines previously detected in the spectrum of IRC + 10216. The observed 12-micron HCN line is formed in the circumstellar shell from about 4 to 12 R sub * in accord with a photospheric origin for HCN. The derived HCN abundance in the 4 to 12 R sub* region is 4 x 10 exp-5 and the column density is 7 x 10 exp 18/sq cm. The 5-micron CN vibration-rotation fundamental band was detected for the first time in an astronomical source. Using four CN lines, the CN column density was determined to be 2.6 x 10 exp 15/sq cm and the rotational temperature to be 8 +/-2 K. The peal radial abundance is 1 x 10 exp -5. The values for the temperature and abundance are in good agreement with microwave results and with the formation of CN from the photolysis of HCN.

  4. Multidegrees of tame automorphisms of C^n

    CERN Document Server

    Karaś, Marek


    Let F=(F_1,...,F_n):C^n --> C^n be a polynomial mapping. By the multidegree of the mapping F we mean mdeg F=(deg F_1,...,deg F_n), an element of N^n. The aim of this paper is to study the following problem (especially for n=3): for which sequence (d_1,...,d_n) in N^n there is a tame automorphism F of C^n such that mdeg F=(d_1,...,d_n). In other words we investigate the set mdeg(Tame(C^n)), where Tame(C^n) denotes the group of tame automorphisms of C^n and mdeg denotes the mapping from the set of polynomial endomorphisms of C^n into the set N^n. Since for all permutation s of {1,...,n} we have (d_1,...,d_n) is in mdeg(Tame(C^n)) if and only if (d_s(1),...,d_s(n)) is in mdeg(Tame(C^n)) we may focus on the set mdeg(Tame(C^n)) intersected with {(d_1,...,d_n) : d_1<=...<=d_n}. In the paper, among other things, we give complete description of the sets: mdeg(Tame(C^n)) intersected with {(3,d_2,d_3):3<=d_2<=d_3}}, mdeg(Tame(C^n)) intersected with {(5,d_2,d_3):5<=d_2<=d_3}}, In the examination of the...

  5. EST Table: CN212051 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN212051 rzhswab0_006854 10/09/28 38 %/155 aa ref|XP_975114.2| PREDICTED: similar to almond...l|GB17827-PA 10/09/10 38 %/155 aa gi|189239453|ref|XP_975114.2| PREDICTED: similar to almondex CG12127-PA [Tribolium castaneum] FS916326 L12 ...

  6. EST Table: CN211786 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN211786 rzhswab0_006460 10/09/28 46 %/130 aa ref|XP_002430772.1| tyrosine-protein phosphatase corkscrew..., putative [Pediculus humanus corporis] gb|EEB18034.1| tyrosine-protein phosphatase corkscrew

  7. EST Table: CN377181 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN377181 rzhswab0_002909 10/09/28 68 %/161 aa ref|XP_002405324.1| cargo transport p...rotein EMP24, putative [Ixodes scapularis] gb|EEC01376.1| cargo transport protein EMP24, putative [Ixodes sc

  8. EST Table: CN378859 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available unit 1 [Semaeopus sp. illimitataDHJ02] 10/09/01 57 %/198 aa FBpp0100176|mt:CoI-PA 10/08/28 44 %/198 aa MTCE....CN378859 rzhswbb0_005540 10/09/28 63 %/198 aa gb|ADE49659.1| cytochrome oxidase sub

  9. EST Table: CN212111 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN212111 rzhswab0_002624 10/09/28 60 %/172 aa ref|NP_001119705.1| transformer 2 iso...form A [Bombyx mori] gb|AAT42220.2| transformer-2 protein A [Bombyx mori] 10/09/01 low homology 10/08/28 low

  10. EST Table: CN211792 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN211792 rzhswab0_001730 10/09/28 98 %/163 aa ref|NP_001037358.2| time interval measuring... enzyme-esterase A4 [Bombyx mori] dbj|BAF34334.1| time interval measuring enzyme TIME [Bombyx mori] 10

  11. EST Table: CN374995 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN374995 rzhswab0_002423 10/09/28 71 %/171 aa ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix...26-PA 10/09/10 71 %/171 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix domain-containing protein 2 [Tribolium castaneum] FS911686 L12 ...

  12. EST Table: CN374994 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN374994 rzhswab0_003238 10/09/28 72 %/191 aa ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix...26-PA 10/09/10 72 %/191 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix domain-containing protein 2 [Tribolium castaneum] FS911686 L12 ...

  13. New molecules in IRC+10216: confirmation of C$_5$S and tentative identification of MgCCH, NCCP, and SiH$_3$CN

    CERN Document Server

    Agúndez, Marcelino; Guélin, Michel


    The C-star envelope IRC+10216 harbors a rich variety of molecules, with more than 80 detected to date. During the course of a $\\lambda$ 3 mm survey of IRC+10216 carried out with the IRAM 30-m telescope we have detected various weak lines, with antenna temperatures of a few mK, that we assign to rotational transitions of four new molecules. The observation of three lines of C$_5$S confirms a previous tentative identification of this molecule by Bell et al. (1993) based on a line at 24.0 GHz. We also report the tentative identification of three molecules not yet observed in space: MgCCH, the first metal acetylide detected in space, and NCCP and SiH$_3$CN, the phosphorus and silicon analogs of cyanogen (NCCN) and methyl cyanide (CH$_3$CN). We derive the following column densities: $N$(C$_5$S) = (2-14) $\\times$ 10$^{12}$ cm$^{-2}$ (depending on the rotational temperature adopted), $N$(MgCCH) = 2 $\\times$ 10$^{12}$ cm$^{-2}$, $N$(NCCP) = 7 $\\times$ 10$^{11}$ cm$^{-2}$, and $N$(SiH$_3$CN) = 10$^{12}$ cm$^{-2}$. The...

  14. A possible role for triplet H2CN+ isomers in the formation of HCN and HNC in interstellar clouds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allen, Thomas L. [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States); Goddard, John D. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Schaefer, III, Henry F. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)


    We determine the structures and energies of the lowest triplet states of four isomers of H2CN+ by self-consistent field and configuration interaction calculations. When both hydrogen atoms are attached to the nitrogen atom, H2CN+, the molecule has its lowest triplet state energy, which is 97.2 kcal mol-1 above the energy of the linear singlet ground state. The structure has C2v symmetry, with an HCH bond angle of 116.8°, and bond lengths of 1.009 Å (H–N) and 1.268 Å (N–C). Other isomers investigated include the H2CN+ isomer at 104.7, the c i s-HCNH+ isomer at 105.3, and the t r a n s-HCNH+ isomer at 113.6 kcal mol-1. The H2CN+ isomer has an unusual ’’carbonium nitrene’’ structure, with a C–N bond length of 1.398 Å. It is suggested that the triplet H2CN+ isomer may play a role in determining the relative yields of HCN and HNC from the reaction of C+ and NH3. Specifically, a triplet path is postulated in which C+ and NH3 yield the triplet H2NC+ isomer, which then yields the singlet H2CN+ isomer by phosphorescent emission. Furthermore, because this emission removes a large amount of energy, the singlet H2CN+ isomer may have insufficient energy to isomerize to the linear singlet ground state. Subsequent dissociative recombination would yield the HNC isomer exclusively.

  15. The biodistribution of NC100668 and the effect of excess NC100668 on the biodistribution and kidney retention of {sup 99m}Tc-NC100668 in the rat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Edwards, David [Research and Development, GE Healthcare Bio-Sciences, Grove Centre, HP7 9LL Amersham (United Kingdom)]. E-mail:; Lewis, Joanne [Research and Development, GE Healthcare Bio-Sciences, Grove Centre, HP7 9LL Amersham (United Kingdom); Battle, Mark [Research and Development, GE Healthcare Bio-Sciences, Grove Centre, HP7 9LL Amersham (United Kingdom); Lear, Rochelle [Research and Development, GE Healthcare Bio-Sciences, Grove Centre, HP7 9LL Amersham (United Kingdom); Farrar, Gill [Research and Development, GE Healthcare Bio-Sciences, Grove Centre, HP7 9LL Amersham (United Kingdom); Barnett, David J. [Research and Development, GE Healthcare Bio-Sciences, Grove Centre, HP7 9LL Amersham (United Kingdom); Godden, Vanessa [Research and Development, GE Healthcare Bio-Sciences, Grove Centre, HP7 9LL Amersham (United Kingdom); Edwards, Catherine [Research and Development, GE Healthcare Bio-Sciences, Grove Centre, HP7 9LL Amersham (United Kingdom); Oliveira, Alexandra [Research and Development, GE Healthcare Bio-Sciences, Grove Centre, HP7 9LL Amersham (United Kingdom); Ahlstroem, Hakan [Institution of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology, Section of Radiology, Uppsala University Hospital, SE-751 85 Uppsala (Sweden)


    Introduction: {sup 99m}Tc-NC100668 is being developed to aid the diagnosis of thromboemboli. The purpose of this study was to investigate if the presence of excess NC100668 interferes with the biodistribution and blood clot uptake of {sup 99m}Tc-NC100668. The secondary aim was to investigate the causes underlying the kidney retention of {sup 99m}Tc-NC100668. Methods: The uptake of a {sup 14}C-labelled analogue of NC100668, as well as {sup 99m}Tc-NC100668, into plasma (in vitro) and blood (in vivo) clots was determined. The biodistribution of {sup 99m}Tc-NC100668 at a range of NC100668 doses was studied in normal Wistar rats and those bearing experimentally induced deep venous thrombosis. The biodistribution of a negative control peptide and {sup 99m}Tc-NC100668 plus L-lysine was studied in healthy male Wistar rats. Results: The biodistribution as well as plasma clot uptake of [Asn-U-{sup 14}C]NC100668 and {sup 99m}Tc-NC100668 was similar. Apart from some reduction in kidney retention, the biodistribution and uptake of radioactivity into the blood clot were not significantly affected by the presence of up to 1000 times the clinical dose of NC100668. Kidney retention of radioactivity could be more effectively reduced by coadministration of 889 {mu}g/kg NC100668 than 450 mg/kg L-lysine. A negative control peptide with no affinity for FXIIIa demonstrated very little kidney retention. Conclusions: The biodistribution and blood clot uptake of {sup 99m}Tc-NC100668 and [Asn-U-{sup 14}C]NC100668 are similar. With the exception of the kidneys, {sup 99m}Tc-NC100668 biodistribution and blood clot uptake are unaffected by the presence of unlabelled NC100668. The kidney retention of radioactivity is probably due to transglutaminase activity and, to a lesser extent, nonspecific charge-mediated endocytosis.

  16. Solution-Processed, Ultrathin Solar Cells from CdCl3(-)-Capped CdTe Nanocrystals: The Multiple Roles of CdCl3(-) Ligands. (United States)

    Zhang, Hao; Kurley, J Matthew; Russell, Jake C; Jang, Jaeyoung; Talapin, Dmitri V


    Solution-processed CdTe solar cells using CdTe nanocrystal (NC) ink may offer an economically viable route for large-scale manufacturing. Here we design a new CdCl3(-)-capped CdTe NC ink by taking advantage of novel surface chemistry. In this ink, CdCl3(-) ligands act as surface ligands, sintering promoters, and dopants. Our solution chemistry allows obtaining very thin continuous layers of high-quality CdTe which is challenging for traditional vapor transport methods. Using benign solvents, in air, and without additional CdCl2 treatment, we obtain a well-sintered CdTe absorber layer from the new ink and demonstrate thin-film solar cells with power conversion efficiency over 10%, a record efficiency for sub-400 nm thick CdTe absorber layer.

  17. The Pattern of CN, O, and Na Inhomogeneities on the Red Giant Branch of Messier 5

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Graeme H; Hamren, Katherine M


    Data from the literature are used to explore the relation between $\\lambda$3883 CN band strength and the sodium and oxygen abundances of red giants in the globular cluster Messier 5. Although there is a broad tendency for CN-strong giants in this cluster to have higher sodium abundances and lower oxygen abundances than CN-weak giants of comparable absolute magnitude there are some secondary features in these relations. The oxygen abundance [O/Fe] shows a greater range (0.6-0.7 dex) among the CN-strong giants than the CN-weak giants (approximately 0.3 dex). By contrast [Na/Fe] shows a 0.6-0.7 dex range among the CN-weak giants, but a more limited range of 0.3-0.4 dex among the CN-strong giants. The $\\lambda$3883 CN band anticorrelates in strength with [O/Fe] among the CN-strong giants, but there is little, if any, such trend among the CN-weak giants. In contrast, the CN band strength may show a modest correlation with [Na/Fe] among the CN-weak giants, but there is little evidence for such among the CN-strong g...

  18. Physical Properties of (NH4)2Pt(CN)4[Clo.42].3H2O: A new Quasi-One-Dimensional Conductor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carneiro, Kim; Petersen, A. S.; Underhill, A. E.;


    The quasi-one-dimensional conductor (NH4)2[Pt(CN)4]Cl0.42·3H2O, ACP(Cl), has been studied experimentally by means of electrical conduction measurements, x-ray diffuse scattering, and neutron inelastic scattering. This allows the determination of all the physical parameters of interest for the the......The quasi-one-dimensional conductor (NH4)2[Pt(CN)4]Cl0.42·3H2O, ACP(Cl), has been studied experimentally by means of electrical conduction measurements, x-ray diffuse scattering, and neutron inelastic scattering. This allows the determination of all the physical parameters of interest...... to drop, and second, an increased Fermi wave vector kF introduces a change in the electron-phonon coupling constant λ via the bare phonon frequency ω(2kF). Third, the interchain coupling η is enhanced in ACP(Cl), which seems to be related to the hydrogen bonding of the NH4+ ions. We also present...

  19. Topics on heavy baryon chiral perturbation theory in the large N_c limit

    CERN Document Server

    Flores-Mendieta, R


    We compute nonanalytical pion-loop corrections to baryon masses in a combined expansion in chiral symmetry breaking and 1/N_c, where N_c is the number of colors. Specifically, we compute flavor-27 baryon mass splittings at leading order in chiral perturbation theory. Our results, at the physical value N_c=3, are compared with the expressions obtained in heavy baryon chiral perturbation theory with no 1/N_c expansion.

  20. Series Design of Large-Scale NC Machine Tool

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Zhi


    Product system design is a mature concept in western developed countries. It has been applied in war industry during the last century. However, up until now, functional combination is still the main method for product system design in China. Therefore, in terms of a concept of product generation and product interaction we are in a weak position compared with the requirements of global markets. Today, the idea of serial product design has attracted much attention in the design field and the definition of product generation as well as its parameters has already become the standard in serial product designs. Although the design of a large-scale NC machine tool is complicated, it can be further optimized by the precise exercise of object design by placing the concept of platform establishment firmly into serial product design. The essence of a serial product design has been demonstrated by the design process of a large-scale NC machine tool.

  1. Large Nc from Seiberg–Witten curve and localization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge G. Russo


    Full Text Available When N=2 gauge theories are compactified on S4, the large Nc limit then selects a unique vacuum of the theory determined by saddle-point equations, which remains determined even in the flat-theory limit. We show that exactly the same equations can be reproduced purely from Seiberg–Witten theory, describing a vacuum where magnetically charged particles become massless, and corresponding to a specific degenerating limit of the Seiberg–Witten spectral curve where 2Nc−2 branch points join pairwise giving aDn=0, n=1,…,Nc−1. We consider the specific case of N=2 SU(Nc SQCD coupled with 2Nf massive fundamental flavors. We show that the theory exhibits a quantum phase transition where the critical point describes a particular Argyres–Douglas point of the Riemann surface.

  2. Fe(CN)63-/Fe(CN)64-体系阳极过程的电化学Peltier热%Electrochemical Peltier heats of anodic process for Fe(CN)63-/Fe(CN)64- system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨中发; 方正; 王少芬; 张正华


    The thermo-electrochemical technique was applied to study the electrochemical Peltier heat of electrode reaction. In this experiment, a precision system for thermo-electrochemical measurements with controlled temperature of ±0.001 K was set up, which consists of SRC-100 solution isoperibol calorimeter and an electrochemical workstation. A thermo-sensitive resistor was directly attached to the surface of working electrode to measure the change in potential signal due to temperature change of electrode. The curves of the electrode potential and temperature change against time for equal molar ratio of Fe(CN)63-/Fe(CN)64- couple with 5 sets of different concentrations were obtained under the condition of various constant-current polarizations. Using the thermo-electrochemical method for data-processing, the electrochemical Peltier heat of anodic process of Fe(CN)63-/Fe(CN)64- couple under various concentrations at 298.15 K are determined as 41.51 kJ/mol (0.075 mol/L), 43.48 kJ/mol (0. 10 mol/L), 46.95 kJ/mol(0.15 mol/L), 50.77 kJ/mol(0.20 mol/L)and 54.81 kJ/mol(0.25 mol/L), respectively. The entropy change derived from these Peltier heat for the standard hydrogen electrode on absolute scale at this temperature is also given.%采用热电化学方法测定电极反应电化学Peltier热.实验中将高灵敏度热敏电阻紧贴于工作电极表面,结合SRC-100溶解-反应量热仪与电化学工作站组装成高精度热电化学测试系统,其控温精度达±0.001K.运用该测试系统分别对5个不同浓度等物质的量比的Fe(CN)63-/Fe(CN)64-体系阳极过程进行恒电流极化,得到该电极反应电极电势和温度变化与时间的关系曲线,运用热电化学方程,得到298.15K时Fe(CN)63-/Fe(CN)64-体系阳极过程电化学Peltier热,分别为41.51 kJ/mol(0.075 mol/L),43.48 kJ/mol(0.10 mol/L),46.95 kJ/mol(0.15 mol/L),50.77kJ/mol(0.20 mol/L)和54.81 kJ/mol(0.25 mol/L),由此获得该温度下的标准氢电极反应在绝对标度下的熵变.

  3. EST Table: CN376274 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN376274 rzhswab0_006395 10/09/28 44 %/199 aa ref|YP_015696.1| polyprotein [Kakugo ...virus] dbj|BAD06930.1| polyprotein [Kakugo virus] 10/09/01 n.h 10/08/28 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h CK528690 L12 ...

  4. EST Table: CN376272 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN376272 rzhswba0_003793 10/09/28 45 %/209 aa ref|YP_015696.1| polyprotein [Kakugo ...virus] dbj|BAD06930.1| polyprotein [Kakugo virus] 10/09/01 n.h 10/08/28 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h CK528690 L12 ...

  5. EST Table: CN212151 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN212151 rzhswab0_002748 10/09/28 low homology 10/09/01 n.h 10/08/28 n.h 10/09/10 3...2 %/125 aa AGAP011319-PA Protein|3L:20963155:20963774:1|gene:AGAP011319 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 31 %/122 aa gi|270008873|gb|EFA05321

  6. EST Table: CN375272 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN375272 rzhswab0_005622 10/09/28 83 %/190 aa ref|XP_001651215.1| vitellogenin, put...ative [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT42854.1| vitellogenin, putative [Aedes aegypti] 10/09/01 71 %/214 aa FBpp0279094...1086835|ref|XP_974078.1| PREDICTED: similar to vitellogenin, putative [Tribolium castaneum] FS729194 L12 ...

  7. EST Table: CN375273 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN375273 rzhswab0_003293 10/09/28 83 %/167 aa ref|XP_001847442.1| vitellogenin [Cul...ex quinquefasciatus] gb|EDS26195.1| vitellogenin [Culex quinquefasciatus] 10/09/01 70 %/167 aa FBpp0173616|D...aa gi|91086835|ref|XP_974078.1| PREDICTED: similar to vitellogenin, putative [Tribolium castaneum] FS729194 L12 ...

  8. EST Table: CN376273 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN376273 rzhswab0_002215 10/09/28 42 %/131 aa ref|YP_145791.1| polyprotein [Varroa ...destructor virus 1] gb|AAP51418.2| polyprotein [Varroa destructor virus 1] 10/09/01 n.h 10/08/28 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h CK528690 L12 ...

  9. EST Table: CN376079 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN376079 rzhswab0_004172 10/09/28 68 %/171 aa ref|XP_001648944.1| dendritic cell M; Short=eIF3m gb|EAT44291.1| dendritic cell protein [Aedes aegypti] 10/09/01 64 %/168 aa FBpp0276999|Dps...968265.1| PREDICTED: similar to dendritic cell protein [Tribolium castaneum] FS916297 L12 ...

  10. NC-Audit: Auditing for Network Coding Storage

    CERN Document Server

    Le, Anh


    Network coding-based storage has recently received a lot of attention thanks to its ability to efficiently repair failed nodes. Independently, another body of work has proposed integrity checking schemes for cloud storage, none of which, however, is customized for network coding storage or can efficiently support repair. In this work, we bridge the gap between these currently disconnected bodies of work, and we focus on the (novel) advantage of network coding for integrity checking. We propose NC-Audit - a remote data integrity checking scheme, designed specifically for network coding-based storage cloud. NC-Audit provides a unique combination of desired properties: (i) efficient checking of data integrity (ii) efficient support for repairing failed nodes (iii) full support for modification of outsourced data and (iv) protection against information leakage when checking is performed by a third party. The key ingredient of the design of NC-Audit is a novel combination of SpaceMac, a homomorphic MAC scheme for ...

  11. Pressure-induced polymerization of P(CN)3 (United States)

    Gou, Huiyang; Yonke, Brendan L.; Epshteyn, Albert; Kim, Duck Young; Smith, Jesse S.; Strobel, Timothy A.


    Motivated to explore the formation of novel extended carbon-nitrogen solids via well-defined molecular precursor pathways, we studied the chemical reactivity of highly pure phosphorous tricyanide, P(CN)3, under conditions of high pressure at room temperature. Raman and infrared (IR) spectroscopic measurements reveal a series of phase transformations below 10 GPa, and several low-frequency vibrational modes are reported for the first time. Synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction measurements taken during compression show that molecular P(CN)3 is highly compressible, with a bulk modulus of 10.0 ± 0.3 GPa, and polymerizes into an amorphous solid above ˜10.0 GPa. Raman and IR spectra, together with first-principles molecular-dynamics simulations, show that the amorphization transition is associated with polymerization of the cyanide groups into CN bonds with predominantly sp2 character, similar to known carbon nitrides, resulting in a novel phosphorous carbon nitride (PCN) polymeric phase, which is recoverable to ambient pressure.

  12. Pressure-induced polymerization of P(CN){sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gou, Huiyang, E-mail:, E-mail:; Kim, Duck Young; Strobel, Timothy A., E-mail:, E-mail: [Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 5251 Broad Branch Road, NW, Washington, DC 20015 (United States); Yonke, Brendan L. [NRC Postdoctoral Associate, Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Ave., SW, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Epshteyn, Albert [Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Ave., SW, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Smith, Jesse S. [High Pressure Collaborative Access Team, Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)


    Motivated to explore the formation of novel extended carbon-nitrogen solids via well-defined molecular precursor pathways, we studied the chemical reactivity of highly pure phosphorous tricyanide, P(CN){sub 3}, under conditions of high pressure at room temperature. Raman and infrared (IR) spectroscopic measurements reveal a series of phase transformations below 10 GPa, and several low-frequency vibrational modes are reported for the first time. Synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction measurements taken during compression show that molecular P(CN){sub 3} is highly compressible, with a bulk modulus of 10.0 ± 0.3 GPa, and polymerizes into an amorphous solid above ∼10.0 GPa. Raman and IR spectra, together with first-principles molecular-dynamics simulations, show that the amorphization transition is associated with polymerization of the cyanide groups into CN bonds with predominantly sp{sup 2} character, similar to known carbon nitrides, resulting in a novel phosphorous carbon nitride (PCN) polymeric phase, which is recoverable to ambient pressure.

  13. Effect of the metal environment on the ferromagnetic interaction in the Co-NC-W pairs of octacyanotungstate(V)-Cobalt(II) three-dimensional networks. (United States)

    Clima, Sergiu; Hendrickx, Marc F A; Chibotaru, Liviu F; Soncini, Alessandro; Mironov, Vladimir; Ceulemans, Arnout


    State of the art CASSCF and CASPT2 calculations have been performed to elucidate the nature of ferromagnetism of CoII-NC-WV pairs in the three-dimensional compound [[WV(CN)2]2[(micro-CN)4CoII(H2O)2]3.4H2O]n, which has been recently synthesized and investigated by a number of experimental techniques (Herrera, J. M.; Bleuzen, A.; Dromzée, Y.; Julve, M.; Lloret, F.; Verdaguer, M. Inorg. Chem. 2003, 42, 7052-7059). In this network, the Co ions are in the high-spin (S = 3/2) state, while the single unpaired electron on the W centers occupies the lowest orbital of the dz2 type of the 5d shell. In agreement with the suggestion made by Herrera et al., we find that the ferromagnetism is due to a certain occupation scheme of the orbitals from the parent octahedral t2g shell on CoII sites, in which the orbital accommodating the unpaired electron is orthogonal to the dz2 orbitals of the surrounding W ions. We investigate the stabilization of such an orbital configuration on the Co sites and find that it cannot be achieved in the ground state of isolated mononuclear fragments [CoII(NC)4(OH2)2]2- for any conformations of the coordinated water molecules and Co-N-C bond angles. On the other hand, it is stabilized by the interaction of the complex with neighboring W ions, which are simulated here by effective potentials. The calculated exchange coupling constants for the CoII-NC-WV binuclear fragments are in reasonable agreement with the measured Curie-Weiss constant for this compound. As additional evidence for the inferred electronic configuration on the Co sites, the ligand-field transitions, the temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility, and the field-dependent low-temperature magnetization, simulated ab initio for the mononuclear Co fragments, are in agreement with the available data for another compound [WIV[(micro-CN)4-CoII(H2O)2]2.4H2O]n containing diamagnetic W and high-spin Co ions in an isostructural environment.

  14. 7 CFR Appendix C to Part 226 - Child Nutrition (CN) Labeling Program (United States)


    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Child Nutrition (CN) Labeling Program C Appendix C to... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS CHILD AND ADULT CARE FOOD PROGRAM Pt. 226, App. C Appendix C to Part 226—Child Nutrition (CN) Labeling Program 1. The Child Nutrition (CN)...

  15. 7 CFR Appendix C to Part 225 - Child Nutrition (CN) Labeling Program (United States)


    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Child Nutrition (CN) Labeling Program C Appendix C to... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SUMMER FOOD SERVICE PROGRAM Pt. 225, App. C Appendix C to Part 225—Child Nutrition (CN) Labeling Program 1. The Child Nutrition (CN) Labeling...

  16. Silver activation on thin films of Ag-ZrCN coatings for antimicrobial activity. (United States)

    Ferreri, I; Calderon V, S; Escobar Galindo, R; Palacio, C; Henriques, M; Piedade, A P; Carvalho, S


    Nowadays, with the increase of elderly population and related health problems, knee and hip joint prosthesis are being widely used worldwide. However, failure of these invasive devices occurs in a high percentage thus demanding the revision of the chirurgical procedure. Within the reasons of failure, microbial infections, either hospital or subsequently-acquired, contribute in high number to the statistics. Staphylococcus epidermidis (S. epidermidis) has emerged as one of the major nosocomial pathogens associated with these infections. Silver has a historic performance in medicine due to its potent antimicrobial activity, with a broad-spectrum on the activity of different types of microorganisms. Consequently, the main goal of this work was to produce Ag-ZrCN coatings with antimicrobial activity, for the surface modification of hip prostheses. Thin films of ZrCN with several silver concentrations were deposited onto stainless steel 316 L, by DC reactive magnetron sputtering, using two targets, Zr and Zr with silver pellets (Zr+Ag target), in an atmosphere containing Ar, C2H2 and N2. The antimicrobial activity of the modified surfaces was tested against S. epidermidis and the influence of an activation step of silver was assessed by testing samples after immersion in a 5% (w/v) NaClO solution for 5 min. The activation procedure revealed to be essential for the antimicrobial activity, as observed by the presence of an inhibition halo on the surface with 11 at.% of Ag. The morphology analysis of the surface before and after the activation procedure revealed differences in silver distribution indicating segregation/diffusion of the metallic element to the film's surface. Thus, the results indicate that the silver activation step is responsible for an antimicrobial effect of the coatings, due to silver oxidation and silver ion release.

  17. Pressure dependent low temperature kinetics for CN + CH3CN: competition between chemical reaction and van der Waals complex formation. (United States)

    Sleiman, Chantal; González, Sergio; Klippenstein, Stephen J; Talbi, Dahbia; El Dib, Gisèle; Canosa, André


    The gas phase reaction between the CN radical and acetonitrile CH3CN was investigated experimentally, at low temperatures, with the CRESU apparatus and a slow flow reactor to explore the temperature dependence of its rate coefficient from 354 K down to 23 K. Whereas a standard Arrhenius behavior was found at T > 200 K, indicating the presence of an activation barrier, a dramatic increase in the rate coefficient by a factor of 130 was observed when the temperature was decreased from 168 to 123 K. The reaction was found to be pressure independent at 297 K unlike the experiments carried out at 52 and 132 K. The work was complemented by ab initio transition state theory based master equation calculations using reaction pathways investigated with highly accurate thermochemical protocols. The role of collisional stabilization of a CNCH3CN van der Waals complex and of tunneling induced H atom abstractions were also considered. The experimental pressure dependence at 52 and 132 K is well reproduced by the theoretical calculations provided that an anharmonic state density is considered for the van der Waals complex CH3CNCN and its Lennard-Jones radius is adjusted. Furthermore, these calculations indicate that the experimental observations correspond to the fall-off regime and that tunneling remains small in the low-pressure regime. Hence, the studied reaction is essentially an association process at very low temperature. Implications for the chemistry of interstellar clouds and Titan are discussed.

  18. Cosmogenic 10Be, 21Ne and 36Cl in sanidine and quartz from Chilean ignimbrites (United States)

    Ivy-Ochs, S.; Kober, F.; Alfimov, V.; Kubik, P. W.; Synal, H.-A.


    Our initial results indicate that three cosmogenic nuclides: 10Be, 21Ne and 36Cl can be analyzed in sanidine. To uncover complex exposure histories or marked changes in denudation rates over time several nuclides with different half-lives (or stable) must be measured. Because of its shorter half-life, the combination of 36Cl and a long-lived nuclide 10Be or stable nuclide 21Ne will provide more information than the pairs 10Be and 26Al or 10Be and 21Ne (in quartz). Sanidine (alkali feldspar) is a common high temperature mineral and often dominates the phenocryst assemblage in silicic to intermediate volcanic rocks. Bedrock surfaces studied come from the Oxaya (erupted 19-23 Ma) and Lauca (erupted 2.7 Ma) ignimbrites of northern Chile. Quartz and sanidine phenocrysts coexist; therefore, we can check the viability of sanidine through direct comparison with nuclide concentrations in quartz. In addition, as quartz has no target for 36Cl in significant abundance we show that the unique power of sanidine is that 36Cl can be measured. We have obtained very good agreement between 10Be and 21Ne concentrations measured in sanidine and coexisting quartz. No meteoric 10Be was apparent in these sanidines. Concentrations of all three nuclides in mineral separates from rock sample CN309 from the Lauca ignimbrite in the Western Cordillera agree well and correspond to minimum exposure ages of 30-50 ka. 10Be and 21Ne measured in both sanidine and quartz from three rock samples from the Oxaya ignimbrite (CN19, CN23, CN104a) in the Western Escarpment record low average landscape modification rates (<0.70 m/Ma) over the last several million years. In contrast, 36Cl data from sanidine in CN23 seem to indicate shorter minimum exposures and more rapid maximum erosion rates.

  19. Identification and characterization of a microneme protein (NcMIC6) in Neospora caninum. (United States)

    Li, Wensheng; Liu, Jing; Wang, Jing; Fu, Yong; Nan, Huizhu; Liu, Qun


    Neospora caninum, an Apicomplexa parasite, is the causative agent of neosporosis. As described for other members of Apicomplexa, microneme proteins (MICs) play a key role in attachment and invasion of host cells by N. caninum. Herein we identified N. caninum microneme protein 6 (NcMIC6) that is orthologous to Toxoplasma gondii microneme protein 6 (TgMIC6). The open reading frame of the NcMIC6 gene is 984 bp and encodes a 327 amino acid peptide. Sequence analysis showed that NcMIC6 included a signal peptide, a transmembrane region, three epidermal growth factor-like (EGF) domains, and two low complexity regions. Antibodies raised against recombinant NcMIC6 recognized an approximately 35-kDa native MIC6 protein in Western blots of N. caninum tachyzoites. Immunofluorescence analysis showed that NcMIC6 had a polar labeling pattern, which was consistent with localization of micronemes in the apical region. Pulse invasion assays showed that NcMIC6 translocated from the apical tip to the posterior end of the parasites. Secretion assays demonstrated that NcMIC6 was released into the supernatants. Importantly, it was clearly revealed by co-immunoprecipitation that NcMIC6 formed a complex with other two soluble microneme proteins (NcMIC1 and NcMIC4). In conclusion, identification and characterization of the novel microneme protein NcMIC6 may contribute to understanding how this protein functions during the parasite motility and host cell invasion.

  20. Molecular Dynamics Simulation of NC/NG Blends%NC/NG共混体系的分子动力学模拟研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐晓飞; 张晓宏; 李吉祯; 刘芳莉; 宋振伟; 张军平


    为研究复合改性双基推进剂(CMDB)基体硝化纤维素(NC)与硝化甘油(NG)之间相互作用的实质,通过构建NC纯物质以及不同质量比的NC/NG共混体系模型,并采用分子动力学模拟的方法,对NC分子链的回转半径及模型中不同原子间的径向分布函数进行了分析.结果发现:NC分子链的回转半径随温度升高而增大的趋势并不明显;而随NG分子数量增多而增大的趋势非常显著.径向分布函数分析表明,NG分子可与NC分子形成氢键而替代NC分子内的氢键,使NC分子内的相互作用力减弱,从而导致NC分子链回转半径增大.%In order to explore the interaction between nitrocellulose (NC) and nitroglycerine (NG) of composite modified double-base (CMDB) propellants, the radius of gyration of NC molecules and radial distribution function for different atoms of NC and NC/NG blends were calculated by using molecular dynamics simulation ( MD) . It was found that the radius of gyration of NC molecules was independent on the temperature, while the number of NG molecules increased greatly with temperature. Besides, according to the radial distribution function of the models, it was revealed that the H-bond could be formed between NG and NC molecules instead of H-bond in the individual NC molecule, which could decrease the interaction force inside NC molecules, thus increase the radius of gyration of NC.

  1. Quantum dynamics of the Walden inversion reaction Cl - +CH3Cl --> ClCH3+Cl - (United States)

    Clary, David C.; Palma, Juliana


    Quantum scattering calculations on the SN2 reaction Cl-+CH3Cl→ClCH3+Cl- are reported. The rotating bond approximation (RBA) has been adapted so that three degrees of freedom including the C-Cl stretching vibration and the CH3 umbrella mode are treated explicitly. The calculations have been done with minor modifications of a potential due to Vande Linde and Hase. It is found that initial excitation of the C-Cl vibration has a large effect on the reaction probabilities, while excitation of the CH3 umbrella vibration is less significant. The reaction is dominated by scattering resonances with lifetimes ranging from 0.1 to 10 ps. It is found that the length of the C-Cl bond at the transition state of the reaction has a particularly pronounced effect on the reaction probabilities. The magnitude of the quantum reaction probabilities compares quite well with those calculated using the quasiclassical trajectory method.

  2. Photophysics of Aqueous Pt(CN)4(2-). (United States)


    Miskowski for very helpful discussions on excited state assignments. -13- Table I Average lifetime (±5%) at 510 nni of aqueous, argon deoxygenated solutions...AA-IP 800 North Quincy Street P.O. Box 1211 Arlington, Virg:-nia 22217 2 Research Triangle Park, N.C. 27709 ONR Branch Office Naval Ocean Systems...v Annapolis, Maryland 21401 i.ashing:on, r.C. 205 1 Nval Ocean Systems Center De..ense 7echriza-. Ce-ter 2,ttn: Dr. S. Yamamoto, Marine Bui-5, ze

  3. Generation and immunity testing of a recombinant adenovirus expressing NcSRS2-NcGRA7 fusion protein of bovine Neospora caninum. (United States)

    Jia, Li-Jun; Zhang, Shou-Fa; Qian, Nian-Chao; Xuan, Xue-Nan; Yu, Long-Zheng; Zhang, Xue-Mei; Liu, Ming-Ming


    Neospora caninum is the etiologic agent of bovine neosporosis, which affects the reproductive performance of cattle worldwide. The transmembrane protein, NcSRS2, and dense-granule protein, NcGRA7, were identified as protective antigens based on their ability to induce significant protective immune responses in murine neosporosis models. In the current study, NcSRS2 and NcGRA7 genes were spliced by overlap-extension PCR in a recombinant adenovirus termed Ad5-NcSRS2-NcGRA 7, expressing the NcSRS2-NcGRA7 gene, and the efficacy was evaluated in mice. The results showed that the titer of the recombinant adenovirus was 10(9)TCID50/ml. Three weeks post-boost immunization (w.p.b.i.), the IgG antibody titer in sera was as high as 1:4,096. IFN-γ and IL-4 levels were significantly different from the control group (P<0.01). This research established a solid foundation for the development of a recombinant adenovirus vaccine against bovine N. caninum.

  4. NC green roof stormwater quantity and quality field evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moran, A.; Hunt, B.; Jennings, G. [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Biological and Agricultural Engineering


    A study was conducted in an effort to establish design standards for green roofs in North Carolina (NC). It was conducted in light of recent regulations that require stormwater runoff to be treated by structural controls in urban development. Two extensive green roofs were constructed within the Neuse River Basin in order to estimate the per cent of precipitation retained by the green roof; estimate the per cent peak flow reduction; determine whether green roofs can be used as nutrient reduction best management practices (BMPs) and if so, what removal efficiency should be assigned to green roofs; identify green roof vegetation types that thrive in central and eastern NC and find an optimal depth of soil for desirable plant growth. The determining factors for greater water retention were found to be soil depth and plant selection. BMPs such as bioretention areas, wet and dry detention ponds, constructed wetlands, and sand filters are commonly seen throughout NC. A new option for BMPs is the green roof to use thousands of square feet available on rooftops that would not otherwise be available on the ground. Each green roof in this study retained about 60 per cent of the total recorded rainfall during a nine-month observation period. The average peak flow reduction for both green roofs was about 85 per cent. Water quality data indicated that higher concentrations of total nitrogen and total phosphorous were present in the green roof runoff than in the control roof runoff and in the rainfall at each green roof site. This may be a result of N and P leaching from the soil media, which was composed of 15 per cent compost. It was suggested that leaching could be reduced with less organic matter present in the soil media. 12 refs., 1 tab., 8 figs.

  5. EST Table: CN373995 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available x mori] dbj|BAE53372.1| antibacterial peptide [Bombyx mori] dbj|BAF51564.1| gloverin2 [Bombyx mori] 10/09/01 n.h 10/08/28 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h FS917189 L12 ... ...CN373995 rzhswba0_009205 10/09/28 95 %/144 aa ref|NP_001037683.1| gloverin 2 [Bomby

  6. EST Table: CN376061 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ina] gb|ADE18578.1| cytochrome c oxidase subunit III [Bombyx mandarina] gb|ADE18682....1| cytochrome c oxidase subunit III [Bombyx mandarina] 10/09/01 n.h 10/08/28 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 n.h FS925277 L12 ... ...CN376061 rzhswab0_006808 10/09/28 47 %/102 aa gb|ADE18188.1| cytochrome c oxidase subunit III [Bombyx mandar

  7. EST Table: CN376997 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN376997 rzhswab0_005805 10/09/28 96 %/147 aa ref|NP_731941.1| effete [Drosophila m...elanogaster] ref|NP_001119686.1| effete [Acyrthosiphon pisum] ref|XP_310998.2| AGAP000145-PA [Anopheles gamb...ein ligase) (Ubiquitin carrier protein) (Protein effete) [Tribolium castaneum] re...ame: Full=Ubiquitin-protein ligase; AltName: Full=Ubiquitin carrier protein; AltName: Full=Protein effete em...b|CAA44453.1| ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme [Drosophila melanogaster] gb|AAF55093.1| effet

  8. EST Table: CN374235 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available aa ref|XP_974743.1| PREDICTED: similar to Prp18 CG6011-PA [Tribolium castaneum] gb|EEZ98537.1| hypothetical...%/112 aa F32B6.3#CE35518#WBGene00009320#Human HPRP18 protein like#status:Partiall...58903:1|gene:AGAP002307 10/09/10 n.h 10/09/10 56 %/120 aa gi|91077322|ref|XP_974743.1| PREDICTED: similar to Prp18 CG6011-PA [Tribolium castaneum] CN374235 L12 ...

  9. EST Table: CN373825 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN373825 rzhswba0_000992 10/09/28 77 %/105 aa ref|NP_001036841.1| Annexin IX isofor...m A [Bombyx mori] dbj|BAA92809.1| annexin IX-A [Bombyx mori] 10/09/01 66 %/105 aa FBpp0280989|DpseGA19090-PA...| PREDICTED: similar to Annexin IX CG5730-PC [Tribolium castaneum] NM_001043376 L12 ... ... 57 %/105 aa gnl|Amel|GB16448-PA 10/09/10 65 %/105 aa gi|91092420|ref|XP_967931.1


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yakup TURGUT


    Full Text Available In this study, an NC code generation program utilising Dialog Method was developed for turning centres. Initially, CNC lathes turning methods and tool path development techniques were reviewed briefly. By using geometric definition methods, tool path was generated and CNC part program was developed for FANUC control unit. The developed program made CNC part program generation process easy. The program was developed using BASIC 6.0 programming language while the material and cutting tool database were and supported with the help of ACCESS 7.0.

  11. Contaminant-mobilizing capability of fullerene nanoparticles (nC60): Effect of solvent-exchange process in nC60 formation. (United States)

    Wang, Lilin; Fortner, John D; Hou, Lei; Zhang, Chengdong; Kan, Amy T; Tomson, Mason B; Chen, Wei


    Fullerene nanoparticles (nC(60)) in aqueous environments can significantly enhance the transport of hydrophobic organic contaminants by serving as a contaminant carrier. In the present study, the authors examine the effect of the solvent-exchange process on nC(60) aggregate formation and, subsequently, on nC(60) 's contaminant-mobilizing capability. A series of nC(60) samples were prepared using a modified toluene-water solvent-exchange method through the inclusion of a secondary organic solvent in the phase transfer of molecular C(60) in toluene to nC(60) in water. Two groups of solvents--a water-miscible group and a non-water-miscible group-of varied polarity were selected as secondary solvents. The involvement of a secondary solvent in the phase transfer process had only small effects on the particle size and distribution, ζ potential, and mobility of the nC(60) products but significantly influenced the capability of nC(60) to enhance the transport of 2,2',5,5'-polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) in a saturated sandy soil column, regardless of whether the secondary solvent was water-miscible or non-water-miscible. The two groups of secondary solvents appear to affect the aggregation properties of nC(60) in water via different mechanisms. In general, nC(60) products made with a secondary water-miscible solvent have stronger capabilities to enhance PCB transport. Taken together, the results indicate that according to formation conditions and solvent constituents, nC(60) will vary significantly in its interactions with organic contaminants, specifically as related to adsorption or desorption as well as transport in porous media.

  12. smyRNA: a novel Ab initio ncRNA gene finder.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raheleh Salari

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs have important functional roles in the cell: for example, they regulate gene expression by means of establishing stable joint structures with target mRNAs via complementary sequence motifs. Sequence motifs are also important determinants of the structure of ncRNAs. Although ncRNAs are abundant, discovering novel ncRNAs on genome sequences has proven to be a hard task; in particular past attempts for ab initio ncRNA search mostly failed with the exception of tools that can identify micro RNAs. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We present a very general ab initio ncRNA gene finder that exploits differential distributions of sequence motifs between ncRNAs and background genome sequences. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our method, once trained on a set of ncRNAs from a given species, can be applied to a genome sequences of other organisms to find not only ncRNAs homologous to those in the training set but also others that potentially belong to novel (and perhaps unknown ncRNA families. AVAILABILITY: (

  13. Research on NC Turning Simulation System Based on Visual C + + and OpenGL%基于Visual C++与OpenGL的数控车削加工仿真系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛书涛; 库祥臣


    介绍了在Windows XP环境中,以数控车削加工作为研究对象,利用Visual C++与OpenGL综合开发了一个可视化数控车削加工仿真系统.此系统界面友好,交互性较强,实现了数控加工轨迹的模拟仿真,并较好地完成了对数控程序的正确性检查.%In the environment of Windows XP, a visual programmming of NC turning simulation system is developed by Visual C++ and OpenCL. It has a splendid interface and mutual peculiarity. The system can realize the path simulation,and it can check the NC codes conveniently during NC machining.

  14. Homeomorphic extension of strongly spirallike mappings in C~n

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CURT; Paula; KOHR; Gabriela; KOHR; Mirela


    In this paper we consider a proper subclass nA of the full class of spirallike mappings on the Euclidean unit ball Bn in Cn with respect to a given linear operator A. We use the method of subordination chains to obtain an upper growth result for nA , and we obtain various examples of mappings in the same class of normalized biholomorphic mappings on the unit ball Bn in Cn . We also prove that the class nA is compact, while the full class of spirallike mappings with respect to a linear operator need not be compact in dimension n≥2, even when the operator is diagonal. This is one of the motivations for considering the class nA . Finally we prove that if f is a quasiregular strongly spirallike mapping on Bn such that ||[Df(z)]-1 Af(z)|| is uniformly bounded on Bn , then f extends to a homeomorphism of R2n onto itself. In addition, if A + A* = 2aI n for some a >0, this extension is also quasiconformal on R2n .

  15. A new technique of integral representations in Cn

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAO; Zongyuan


    [1]Bochner, S., Analytic and meromorphic continuation by means of Green's formula, Ann. of Math., 1943, 44: 652—671.[2]Yao Zongyuan, An integral formula on bounded domains in Cn, Science in China, Ser. A (in Chinese), 1992, 22(1): 1—10.[3]Zhong Tongde, Huang Sha, Complex Analysis in Several Variables (in Chinese), Shijiazhuang: Hebei Educational Press, 1990.[4]Henkin, G. M., Leiterer, J., Theory of Functions on Complex Manifolds, Berlin: Academie-Verlag Berlin and Birkh user-Verlag Boston, 1984.[5]Yao Zongyuan, Bochner-Ono formula for the local solution of the -equation on bounded domains in Cn, Advances in Mathematics (in Chinese), 1993, 22(6): 550—560.[6]Henkin, G. M., Integral representations of holomorphic functions in strictly pseudoconvex domains and some applications, Mat. Sb. (in Russian), 1969, 78(120): 611—632.[7]Henkin, G. M., Integral representations of holomorphic functions in strictly pseudoconvex domains and applications to the  problem, Mat. Sb. (in Russian), 1970, 82(124): 300—308.[8]Grauert, H., Lieb, I., Das Ramirezsche integral und diellisung der Gleichung f=α im bereich der beschr nkten fornen, Proc. Conf. Complex Analysis, Rice Univ. Studies, 1970, 56: 29—50.

  16. CN Morphology Studies of Comet 103P/Hartley 2

    CERN Document Server

    Knight, Matthew M


    We report on narrowband CN imaging of Comet 103P/Hartley 2 obtained at Lowell Observatory on 39 nights from 2010 July until 2011 January. We observed two features, one generally to the north and the other generally to the south. The CN morphology varied during the apparition: no morphology was seen in July; in August and September the northern feature dominated and appeared as a mostly face-on spiral; in October, November, and December the northern and southern features were roughly equal in brightness and looked like more side-on corkscrews; in January the southern feature was dominant but the morphology was indistinct due to very low signal. The morphology changed smoothly during each night and similar morphology was seen from night to night. However, the morphology did not exactly repeat each rotation cycle, suggesting that there is a small non-principal axis rotation. Based on the repetition of the morphology, we find evidence that the fundamental rotation period was increasing: 16.7 hr from August 13-17,...

  17. ISO 14649 (STEP-NC: New Standards for CNC Machining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusri Yusof


    Full Text Available The changing economic climate has made global manufacturing a growing reality over the last decade, forcing companies from east and west and all over the world to collaborate beyond geographic boundaries in the design, manufacture and assemble of products. The ISO10303 and ISO14649 Standards (STEP and STEP-NC have been developed to introduce interoperability into manufacturing enterprises so as to meet the challenge of responding to production on demand. The paper focuses on the use of this new standard to address the process planning and machining of turn/mill discrete components. Due to the complexity of programming these machines there is a need to model their process capability to improve the interoperable manufacturing capability in places such as turning centres. Finally a proposed computational environment for a STEP-NC compliant system for turning operations (SCSTO is described. And supported by the specification of information models and constructed using a structured methodology and object-oriented methods. SCSTO was developed to generate a Part 21 file based on machining features to support the interactive generation of process plans utilizing feature extraction. A case study component has been developed to prove the concept for using the milling and turning parts of ISO14649 to provide a turn-mill CAD/CAPP/CAM environment.

  18. Study of an NC system of machining crown gears (United States)

    Xu, Xiaogang; Wang, Huaqing; Yan, Jian; Gao, Shenyou


    Crown gear couplings are usually used in metallurgy and steel rolling equipments, which is manufactured by duplicating processing in common. The method makes the manipulator work hard, and the efficiency is low. The machining precision is limited to the shape of the mold and it is difficult to control the movement of machines table. This work stated an NC system to use hobbing machine. It consists of an industrial control computer, grating sensor, servo- motor and its driver source, servo driver card and other I/O equipments of inputting and outputting. The grating sensor was installed in the axial direction to trace the instantaneous position of gob rest. The radial movement of the machine table was controlled by a servomotor. When the computer captures the axial signal, this system controls the machine table by moving ahead or backwards according to the calculated value of interpolation theory. Thus, two dimensions (axial and radial) associated movement was realized while the crown gear was processed. The feature of the system is that a grating sensor used in the axial direction replaces the servomotor. By making a little change in the mechanism of the machine, NC can be implement and its redesign cost is very low. The design software has an interpolation function for a circular arc and line. The system has been used on a Y1380 gear hobbing machine, and the correlative software of machining crown gear has been designed as well. Satisfactory results have been obtained, showing facility and reliability in practical operation.

  19. 牛源犬新孢子虫NcSRS2-NcGRA7融合基因的克隆与生物信息学分析%Cloning and bioinformatics analysis of NcSRS2-NcGRA7 fusion gene of bovine Neospora caninum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾立军; 张守发; 谷振甲


    为了解牛源犬新孢子虫NcSRS2-NcGRA7融合基因的生物学特性,本试验提取牛源犬新孢子虫基因组DNA,应用PCR技术扩增犬新孢子虫表面蛋白基因NcSRS2和致密颗粒蛋白基因NcGRA7,SOE-PCR技术拼接NcSRS2和NcGRA7基因,构建NcSRS2-NcGRA7融合基因重组克隆质粒,并进行PCR鉴定、双酶切鉴定及生物信息学分析.结果,NcSRS2基因扩增片段大小为1 061 bp,NcGRA7基因扩增片段大小为364 bp,NcSRS2-NcGRA7融合基因扩增片段大小为1 482 bp;获得重组克隆质粒pMD18-NcSRS2-NcGRA7经PCR鉴定、双酶切鉴定正确;测序分析表明,与Gen-Bank中已发表的美国株犬新孢子虫(AF061249、AF176649)核苷酸序列同源性为99%;经DNAman等软件分析,预测NcSRS2-NcGRA7融合蛋白抗原指数较高,融合蛋白二级结构以α-螺旋和β-折叠为主,三级结构中2种蛋白独立折叠,并借助Linker互相连接,功能互不影响.本试验为牛源犬新孢子虫NcSRS2-NcGRA7融合蛋白的免疫学研究奠定了基础.%In order to understand the biological characteristic of NcSRS2-NcGRA7 fusion gene of bovine Neospora Caninum,genomic DNA of N.caninum was extracted.The surface protein gene NcSRS2 and granule protein gene NcGRA7 were amplified by PCR,respectively.Nc-SRS2-NcGRA7 fusion gene was synthesized by SOE-PCR.The NcSRS2-NcGRA7 cloning vector was constructed and identified by PCR amplification,double digestion and bioinformatic analysis.The results showed that the sizes of NcSRS2,NcGRA7 and NcSRS2-NcGRA7 were 1061 bp,364 bp and 1482 bp,respectively.The cloning vector was demonstrated to be correct by PCR and double digestion.Sequencing analysis showed that the nucleotide sequences of NcSRS2 and NcGRA7 shared 99% homology with those published in GenBank (AF061249,AF176649).Prediction analysis by DNAman software indicated that the antigen index of NcSRS2-NcGRA7 was high.The main secondary structure of the fusion protein was mainly composed of α-helix and

  20. Construction of the Active Site of Metalloenzyme on Au NC Micelles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG, Zhiming; FU, Qiuan; HUANG, Xin; XU, Jiayun; LIU, Junqiu; SHEN, Jiacong


    For developing an efficient nanoenzyme system with self-assembly strategy, gold nanocrystal micelles (Au NC micelles) with inserted catalytic Zn(Ⅱ) centers were constructed by self-assembly of a catalytic ligand [N,N-bis(2-aminoethyl)-N'dodecylethylenediamine] Zn(Ⅱ) complexes (Zn(Ⅱ)L) on the surface of Au NC via hy- drophobic interaction. The functionalized Au NC micelles acted as an excellent nanoenzyme model for imitating ribonuclease. The catalytic capability of the Au NC micelles was evaluated by accelerating the cleavage of 2-hydroxypropyl p-nitrophenyl phosphate (HPNP). These functionalized Au NC micelles exhibited considerable ri- bonuclease-like activities by a factor of 4.9×104 (kcat/kuncat) for the cleavage of HPNP in comparison to the sponta- neous cleavage of HPNP at 37℃. The catalytic capability of the functionalized Au NC micelles can be considera- bly compared to other models reported previously as nanoenzymes under the comparable conditions.

  1. The Nc dependencies of baryon masses: Analysis with Lattice QCD and Effective Theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calle Cordon, Alvaro C. [JLAB; DeGrand, Thomas A. [University of Colorado; Goity, Jose L. [JLAB


    Baryon masses at varying values of Nc and light quark masses are studied with Lattice QCD and the results are analyzed in a low energy effective theory based on a combined framework of the 1/Nc and Heavy Baryon Chiral Perturbation Theory expansions. Lattice QCD results for Nc=3, 5 and 7 obtained in quenched calculations, as well as results for unquenched calculations for Nc=3, are used for the analysis. The results are consistent with a previous analysis of Nc=3 LQCD results, and in addition permit the determination of sub-leading in 1/Nc effects in the spin-flavor singlet component of the baryon masses as well as in the hyperfine splittings.

  2. A two-step reaction scheme leading to singlet carbene species that can be detected under matrix conditions for the reaction of Zr(3F) with either CH3F or CH3CN. (United States)

    Torres, Ana E; Castro, Guadalupe; Pablo-Pedro, Ricardo; Colmenares, Fernando


    The results obtained from CASSCF-MRMP2 calculations are used to rationalize the singlet complexes detected under matrix-isolation conditions for the reactions of laser-ablated Zr((3)F) atoms with the CH3F and CH3CN molecules, without invoking intersystem crossings between electronic states with different multiplicities. The reaction Zr((3)F) + CH3 F evolves to the radical products ZrF· + ·CH3. This radical asymptote is degenerate to that emerging from the singlet channel of the reactants Zr((1)D) + CH3 F because they both exhibit the same electronic configuration in the metal fragment. Hence, the caged radicals obtained under cryogenic-matrix conditions can recombine through triplet and singlet paths. The recombination of the radical species along the low-multiplicity channel produces the inserted structures H3C-Zr-F and H2C=ZrHF experimentally detected. For the Zr((3)F) + CH3 CN reaction, a similar two-step reaction scheme involving the radical fragments ZrNC· + ·CH3 explains the presence of the singlet complexes H C-Zr-NC and H2 C=Zr(H)NC revealed in the IR-matrix spectra upon UV irradiation.

  3. Characterizing ncRNAs in human pathogenic protists using high-throughput sequencing technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lesley Joan Collins


    Full Text Available ncRNAs are key genes in many human diseases including cancer and viral infection, as well as providing critical functions in pathogenic organisms such as fungi, bacteria, viruses and protists. Until now the identification and characterization of ncRNAs associated with disease has been slow or inaccurate requiring many years of testing to understand complicated RNA and protein gene relationships. High-throughput sequencing now offers the opportunity to characterize miRNAs, siRNAs, snoRNAs and long ncRNAs on a genomic scale making it faster and easier to clarify how these ncRNAs contribute to the disease state. However, this technology is still relatively new, and ncRNA discovery is not an application of high priority for streamlined bioinformatics. Here we summarize background concepts and practical approaches for ncRNA analysis using high-throughput sequencing, and how it relates to understanding human disease. As a case study, we focus on the parasitic protists Giardia lamblia and Trichomonas vaginalis, where large evolutionary distance has meant difficulties in comparing ncRNAs with those from model eukaryotes. A combination of biological, computational and sequencing approaches has enabled easier classification of ncRNA classes such as snoRNAs, but has also aided the identification of novel classes. It is hoped that a higher level of understanding of ncRNA expression and interaction may aid in the development of less harsh treatment for protist-based diseases.

  4. NC flame pipe cutting machine tool based on open architecture CNC system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaogen NIE; Yanbing LIU


    Based on the analysis of the principle and flame movement of a pipe cutting machine tool, a retrofit NC flame pipe cutting machine tool (NFPCM) that can meet the demands of cutting various pipes is proposed. The paper deals with the design and implementation of an open architecture CNC system for the NFPCM, many of whose aspects are similar to milling machines; however, different from their machining processes and control strategies. The paper emphasizes on the NC system structure and the method for directly creating the NC file according to the cutting type and parameters. Further, the paper develops the program and sets up the open and module NC system.

  5. ncISO Facilitating Metadata and Scientific Data Discovery (United States)

    Neufeld, D.; Habermann, T.


    Increasing the usability and availability climate and oceanographic datasets for environmental research requires improved metadata and tools to rapidly locate and access relevant information for an area of interest. Because of the distributed nature of most environmental geospatial data, a common approach is to use catalog services that support queries on metadata harvested from remote map and data services. A key component to effectively using these catalog services is the availability of high quality metadata associated with the underlying data sets. In this presentation, we examine the use of ncISO, and Geoportal as open source tools that can be used to document and facilitate access to ocean and climate data available from Thematic Realtime Environmental Distributed Data Services (THREDDS) data services. Many atmospheric and oceanographic spatial data sets are stored in the Network Common Data Format (netCDF) and served through the Unidata THREDDS Data Server (TDS). NetCDF and THREDDS are becoming increasingly accepted in both the scientific and geographic research communities as demonstrated by the recent adoption of netCDF as an Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standard. One important source for ocean and atmospheric based data sets is NOAA's Unified Access Framework (UAF) which serves over 3000 gridded data sets from across NOAA and NOAA-affiliated partners. Due to the large number of datasets, browsing the data holdings to locate data is impractical. Working with Unidata, we have created a new service for the TDS called "ncISO", which allows automatic generation of ISO 19115-2 metadata from attributes and variables in TDS datasets. The ncISO metadata records can be harvested by catalog services such as ESSI-labs GI-Cat catalog service, and ESRI's Geoportal which supports query through a number of services, including OpenSearch and Catalog Services for the Web (CSW). ESRI's Geoportal Server provides a number of user friendly search capabilities for end users

  6. Characterization of NCAM expression and function in BT4C and BT4Cn glioma cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)


    -substratum binding assay in which the binding of BT4C and BT4Cn cells to NCAM immobilized to glass was assessed. We found that BT4C cells adhere specifically to NCAM, and that adhesion is inhibited by anti-NCAM Fab'-fragments, while no specific binding of BT4Cn cells to NCAM was observed. The BT4C and BT4Cn cell...

  7. Acceleration of Advanced CN Antidote Agents for Mass Exposure Treatments: DMTS (United States)


    AD_________________ Award Number: W81XWH-12-2-0098 TITLE: Acceleration of Advanced CN Antidote Agents for Mass Exposure Treatments: DMTS...26 Sept 2012 – 25 Sept 2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Acceleration of Advanced CN Antidote Agents for Mass Exposure Treatments: DMTS 5a. CONTRACT...gas values and blood pressure during CN treatment and reversal. In the first year of this work, stability and IM antidote administration studies were

  8. Laser annealing of sputter-deposited -SiC and -SiCN films

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M A Fraga; M Massi; I C Oliveira; F D Origo; W Miyakawa


    This work describes the laser annealing of -SiC and -SiCN films deposited on (100) Si and quartz substrates by RF magnetron sputtering. Two samples of -SiCN thin films were produced under different N2/Ar flow ratios. Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy (RBS), Raman analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR) techniques were used to investigate the composition and bonding structure of as-deposited and laser annealed SiC and SiCN films.

  9. CN and C2H in IRC +10216 (United States)

    Huggins, P. J.; Glassgold, A. E.; Morris, M.


    The effects of the production of the radicals CN and C2H from the dissociation of HCN and C2H2 by ambient UV photons in the outer envelope of IRC +10216 are investigated. The spatial distribution of the radicals and their observable millimeter emission-line characteristics are calculated from the inferred abundances of the progenitor species in the envelope of IRC +10216 using photochemical and radiative transfer models. These are compared with available observations to examine whether photoproduction is a possible explanation of the observed emission from these species. The results suggest that the variable abundances induced by photodestruction of their progenitors do affect the observed emission from the radicals.

  10. An NC algorithm for recognizing tree adjoining languages

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pali, M.A. (New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ (United States)); Shende, S.M. (Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States))


    A parallel algorithm is presented for recognizing the class of languages generated by tree adjoining grammars, a tree rewriting system which has applications in natural language processing. This class of languages is known to properly include all context-free languages; for example, the noncontext-free sets [l brace]a'b'c[r brace] and [l brace]ww[r brace] are in this class. It is shown that the recognition problem for tree adjoining languages can be solved by a concurrent read, concurrent write parallel random-assess machine (CRCW PRAM) in O(log n) time using polynomially many processors. Thus, the class of tree adjoining languages is in AC[sup 1] and hence in NC. This extends a previous result for context-free languages.

  11. Study of Machining Error Forecast in NC Lathe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Jiwei; ZHANG Ying; YANG Zheqing


    This paper brings forward a kind of machining error forecast principle in NC lathe simulation system. It combines the method of math, dynamic, material and mechanism, etc, sums up the factors which can affect the machining error, coalescent knowledge of mechanism manufacture technique and interconvert characteristic, mapped the change of physics factor in cutting process into virtual manufacture system by mathematical model. On the platform of Windows 2000 and Visual C++, applying program is developed by use of C++. The lean warehouse of MATLAB is transferred in order to command MATLAB on the language platform of MATLAB, and then the curve of the results is drawn by the outcome of calculation, which is based on the mathematical model in order to manifest the simulation results in the pattern of data and curve.

  12. NC-3智能快速充电器

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    @@ 使用数字照相机的人特别关心其电池充电设备的好坏.由于现在的可充电池的容量成倍增长,用老式的固定电流式充电器往往需要很长时间才能将电池充满;一般的快速充电器又容易将小容量的可充电池过量充电.笔者向大家介绍"三洋"公司出品的NC-3智能快速充电器.

  13. Estimation of CN Parameter for Small Agricultural Watersheds Using Asymptotic Functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomasz Kowalik


    Full Text Available This paper investigates a possibility of using asymptotic functions to determine the value of curve number (CN parameter as a function of rainfall in small agricultural watersheds. It also compares the actually calculated CN with its values provided in the Soil Conservation Service (SCS National Engineering Handbook Section 4: Hydrology (NEH-4 and Technical Release 20 (TR-20. The analysis showed that empirical CN values presented in the National Engineering Handbook tables differed from the actually observed values. Calculations revealed a strong correlation between the observed CN and precipitation (P. In three of the analyzed watersheds, a typical pattern of the observed CN stabilization during abundant precipitation was perceived. It was found that Model 2, based on a kinetics equation, most effectively described the P-CN relationship. In most cases, the observed CN in the investigated watersheds was similar to the empirical CN, corresponding to average moisture conditions set out by NEH-4. Model 2 also provided the greatest stability of CN at 90% sampled event rainfall.

  14. Anhydrous ZnCl2: A Highly Efficient Reagent for Facile and Regioselective Conversion of Epoxides to β-Chlorohydrins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronak Eisavi


    Full Text Available Facile conversion of structurally different epoxides to the corresponding β-chlorohydrins was carried out successfully with anhydrous ZnCl2 in CH3CN. The reactions were carried out within 10-50 min to give β-chlorohydrins with perfect regioselectivity and high yields (80-97%.

  15. Homocoupling of aryl halides in flow: Space integration of lithiation and FeCl3 promoted homocoupling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aiichiro Nagaki


    Full Text Available The use of FeCl3 resulted in a fast homocoupling of aryllithiums, and this enabled its integration with the halogen–lithium exchange reaction of aryl halides in a flow microreactor. This system allows the homocoupling of two aryl halides bearing electrophilic functional groups, such as CN and NO2, in under a minute.

  16. ncDNA and drift drive binding site accumulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruths Troy


    Full Text Available Abstract Background The amount of transcription factor binding sites (TFBS in an organism’s genome positively correlates with the complexity of the regulatory network of the organism. However, the manner by which TFBS arise and accumulate in genomes and the effects of regulatory network complexity on the organism’s fitness are far from being known. The availability of TFBS data from many organisms provides an opportunity to explore these issues, particularly from an evolutionary perspective. Results We analyzed TFBS data from five model organisms – E. coli K12, S. cerevisiae, C. elegans, D. melanogaster, A. thaliana – and found a positive correlation between the amount of non-coding DNA (ncDNA in the organism’s genome and regulatory complexity. Based on this finding, we hypothesize that the amount of ncDNA, combined with the population size, can explain the patterns of regulatory complexity across organisms. To test this hypothesis, we devised a genome-based regulatory pathway model and subjected it to the forces of evolution through population genetic simulations. The results support our hypothesis, showing neutral evolutionary forces alone can explain TFBS patterns, and that selection on the regulatory network function does not alter this finding. Conclusions The cis-regulome is not a clean functional network crafted by adaptive forces alone, but instead a data source filled with the noise of non-adaptive forces. From a regulatory perspective, this evolutionary noise manifests as complexity on both the binding site and pathway level, which has significant implications on many directions in microbiology, genetics, and synthetic biology.

  17. Study on Interaction of ADN and (NC+NG) by Gasometric Method%量气法研究ADN与(NC+NG)的相互作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何少蓉; 张林军; 衡淑云; 刘子如


    用 NBK型"拉瓦"量气测试系统研究了较高温度下二硝酰胺铵(ADN)与双基吸收药(NC+NG)体系的相互作用,从动力学角度阐述了二者的相互作用.结果表明: ADN与(NC+NG)混合物加热分解的最终放气量在标准状态下为626.8 mL·g-1,与ADN和(NC+NG)最大放气量之和相比并没有增加,但分解速度显著提高,活化能显著降低至82.58 kJ·mol-1,ADN与(NC+NG)之间存在强烈的相互作用.

  18. Study on Intelligent NC Programming for Complex Components of Marine Diesel Based on KBE and UG NX

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Liang; ZHANG Shengwen; FANG Xifeng


    The NC programming for complex components has lots drawbacks such as excessive repetitious labors, heavy workload and lack of optimization, which are especially serious in NC programming for complex components of marine diesel. Based on the key technologies of applying KBE(Knowledge Based Engineering)to NC programming--knowledge representation, generalized knowledge base, knowledge acquisition and knowledge reasoning, the system of intelligent NC programming for complex components of marine diesel has been built by means of the knowledge template and the UG/Open. The experiment results indicate that the NC program generated with high efficiency of NC programming by the system is accurate enough to meet the need of NC machining. Consequently, the automatization and intelligentization of NC programming has been presented, and the study is proved to be a successful attempt in the area of applying KBE to NC programming.

  19. NC++: a NOW-Based Object-Oriented Distributed Programming Language%基于NOW的对象式分布式程序设计语言NC++

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾庆; 谢立; 陈道蓄; 吴迎红; 孙钟秀


    An object-oriented distributed programming language NC++ which is based on NOW (network of workstations) environment is introduced in this paper. It is an extension of DC++. NC++ gives a rather complete programming environment, including NC++ pre-compiler, visual-programming interface, multicast communicating facility and a test system. It improves the process group management and inter-process communication facilities, and puts forth a DSM (distributed shared memory) subsystem based on belief network, which is used to manipulate C++ global variables. In practice, NC++ offers simplicity for distributed program design without sacrificing the performance.%提出了一个基于工作站网(network of workstations,简称NOW)的分布式程序设计语言NC++(NOW C++).它是DC++语言的扩充.NC++提供了一个完备的编程环境,包括NC++预编译器、图视编程界面、多目通信机制和测试系统.它完善了组管理机制和进程通信机制,提出了一个基于信度推理网络的分布共享内存(distributed shared memory,简称DSM)机制以管理C++公共变量.实践证明,NC++语言在确保编程方便性的前提下保证了分布式程序的性能.

  20. Concept of automatic programming of NC machine for metal plate cutting by genetic algorithm method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Vaupotic


    Full Text Available Purpose: In this paper the concept of automatic programs of the NC machine for metal plate cutting by genetic algorithm method has been presented.Design/methodology/approach: The paper was limited to automatic creation of NC programs for two-dimensional cutting of material by means of adaptive heuristic search algorithms.Findings: Automatic creation of NC programs in laser cutting of materials combines the CAD concepts, the recognition of features and creation and optimization of NC programs. The proposed intelligent system is capable to recognize automatically the nesting of products in the layout, to determine the incisions and sequences of cuts forming the laid out products. Position of incisions is determined at the relevant places on the cut. The system is capable to find the shortest path between individual cuts and to record the NC program.Research limitations/implications: It would be appropriate to orient future researches towards conceiving an improved system for three-dimensional cutting with optional determination of positions of incisions, with the capability to sense collisions and with optimization of the speed and acceleration during cutting.Practical implications: The proposed system assures automatic preparation of NC program without NC programer.Originality/value: The proposed concept shows a high degree of universality, efficiency and reliability and it can be simply adapted to other NC-machines.

  1. Anion-Dependent Aggregate Formation and Charge Behavior of Colloidal Fullerenes (n-C60) (United States)

    The fate and transport of colloidal fullerenes (n-C60) in the environment is likely to be guided by electrokinetic and aggregation behavior. In natural water bodies inorganic ions exert significant effects in determining the size and charge of n-C60 nanoparticles. Although the ef...

  2. Process design for NC machining%数控加工的工艺设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    The steps of process design, details and main points of NC machining are introduced. The method of NC machining process design is presented.%重点介绍了数控加工工艺设计的步骤、内容和要点,提供了数控加工工艺设计的方法。

  3. 33 CFR 110.170 - Lockwoods Folly Inlet, N.C. (United States)


    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Lockwoods Folly Inlet, N.C. 110.170 Section 110.170 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY ANCHORAGES ANCHORAGE REGULATIONS Anchorage Grounds § 110.170 Lockwoods Folly Inlet, N.C. (a)...

  4. Eta' Mass and Chiral Symmetry Breaking at Large Nc and Nf

    CERN Document Server

    Girlanda, L; Talavera, P


    We propose a method for implementing the large-Nc, large-Nf limit of QCD at the effective Lagrangian level. Depending on the value of the ratio Nf/Nc, different patterns of chiral symmetry breaking can arise, leading in particular to different behaviors of the eta-prime mass in the combined large-N limit.

  5. Preparation and properties of SiCN diffusion barrier layer for Cu interconnect in ULSI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Ji-cheng; SHI Zhi-jie; ZHENG Xu-qiang


    SiCN thin films and Cu/SiCN/Si structures were fabricated by magnetron sputtering. And some samples underwent the rapid thermal annealing(RTA) processing. The thin-film surface morphology, crystal structure and electronic properties were characterized by atomic force microscopy(AFM), X-ray diffractometry(XRD), Fourier transform infrared transmission(FTIR) and four-point probe(FPP) analyses. The results reveal the formation of complex networks among the three elements, Si, C and N, and the existence of different chemical bonds in the SiCN films, such as Si-C, Si-N, C-N and C=N. The as-deposited SiCN thin films are amorphous in the Cu/SiCN/Si structures and have good thermal stability, and the SiCN thin films are still able to prevent the diffusion reaction between Cu and Si interface after RTA processing at 600 ℃ for 5 min.

  6. Laguerre expansion on the Heisenberg group and Fourier-Bessel transform on Cn

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHANG; Der-Chen; GRIENER; Peter; TIE; Jingzhi


    Given a principal value convolution on the Heisenberg group Hn = Cn × R, we study the relation between its Laguerre expansion and the Fourier-Bessel expansion of its limit on Cn. We also calculate the Dirichlet kernel for the Laguerre expansion on the group Hn.

  7. Sequence Variation in the Gp120 region of SHIV-CN97001 during in vivo Passage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiang LIU; Gui-bo YANG; Yue MA; Chen-li QIU; Jie-jie DAI; Hui XING; Yi-ming SHAO


    SHIV-CN97001 played an important role in assessing the immune effect and strategy of the AIDS vaccine which included genes of the predominant prevalent HIV-1 strain in China. In this study, SHIV-CN97001 was in vivo passaged serially to construct pathogenic SHIV-CN97001/rhesus macaques model. To identify variation in the gp120 region of SHIV-CN97001 during passage, the fragments of gp120 gene were amplified by RT-PCR from the plasma of SHIV-CN97001 infected animals at the peak viral load time point and the gene distances (divergence, diversity) were calculated using DISTANCE. The analysis revealed that the genetic distances of SHIV-CN97001 in the third passage animals were the highest during in vivo passage. It had a relationship between viral divergence from the founder strain and viral replication ability. The nucleic acid sequence of the V3 region was highly conservative. All of the SHIV-CN97001 strains had V3 loop central motif (GPGQ) and were predicted to be using CCR5 co-receptor on the basis of the critical amino acids within V3 loop. These results show that there was no significant increase in the genetic distance during serial passage, and SHIV-CN97001 gp120 gene evolved toward ancestral states upon transmission to a new host. This could partly explain why there was no pathogenic viral strain obtained during in vivo passage.

  8. Structural transition, dielectric and bonding properties of BeCN2 (United States)

    Gou, Hui-Yang; Gao, Fa-Ming; Zhang, Jing-Wu; Li, Zhi-Ping


    By means of first principle total energy calculations, this paper studies the structural transition, elastic, mechanical, dielectric and electronic properties of BeCN2. The calculations in total energy indicate that under ambient condition, the orthorhombic BeSiN2-type BeCN2 (space group Pna21) is a more favoured structure than the tetragonal chalcopyritetype one (space group I-42d). The results of elastic properties reveal that BeCN2 in both orthorhombic and tetragonal structure has higher bulk and shear moduli and smaller Poisson's ratio. The calculated Vicker hardness of tetragonal phase is 36.8 GPa, indicating a hard material. The analyses of electronic structure and electron density difference demonstrate that these excellent mechanical properties are attributed to the stronger covalent-bonding of CN4 and BeN4 subunits in BeCN2 crystal. Also, the orthorhombic BeCN2 phase is found to be a transparent semiconductor material with the calculated direct band gap of about 5.56 eV, superior to the indirect band gap of diamond and c-BN. Moreover, it also calculates Born effective charges and dielectric constants of BeCN2. These results suggest that BeCN2 may have some useful applications as optoelectronic, optical window and wear resistant materials.

  9. Oxidative cleavage of benzylic C-N bonds under metal-free conditions. (United States)

    Gong, Jin-Long; Qi, Xinxin; Wei, Duo; Feng, Jian-Bo; Wu, Xiao-Feng


    An interesting procedure for the oxidative cleavage of benzylic C-N bonds has been developed. Using TBAI as the catalyst and H2O2 as the oxidant, various benzylamines were transformed into their corresponding aromatic aldehydes in moderate to good yields. Notably, this is the first example of an oxidative cleavage of benzylic C-N bonds under metal-free conditions.

  10. InterProScan Result: CN374573 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CN374573 CN374573_1_ORF2 E80B182A29F5AA6F PANTHER PTHR23256:SF268 TYROSINE PROTEIN KINASE FES (FPS) (PTK GRO...UP IV) 9.9e-17 T IPR020764 Tyrosine-protein kinase, non-receptor Fes Molecular Func

  11. Theoretical study on the reaction mechanism of CN radical with ketene

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    The bimolecular single collision reaction potential energy surface of CN radical with ketene (CH2CO) was investigated by means of B3LYP and QCISD(T) methods. The calculated results indicate that there are three possible channels in the reaction. The first is an attack reaction by the carbon atom of CN at the carbon atom of the methylene of CH2CO to form the intermediate NCCH2CO followed by a rupture reaction of the C-C bond combined with -CO group to the products CH2CN+CO. The second is a direct addition reaction between CN and CH2CO to form the intermediate CH2C(O)CN followed by its isomerization into NCCH2CO via a CN-shift reaction, and subsequently, NCCH2CO dissociates into CH2CN+CO through a CO-loss reaction. The last is a direct hydrogen abstraction reaction of CH2CO by CN radical. Because of the existence of a 15.44 kJ/mol reaction barrier and higher energy of reaction products, the path can be ruled out as an important channel in the reaction kinetics. The present theoretical computation results, which give an available suggestion on the reaction mechanism, are in good agreement with previous experimental studies.

  12. Multifunctionality in bimetallic Ln(III)[W(V)(CN)8]3- (Ln = Gd, Nd) coordination helices: optical activity, luminescence, and magnetic coupling. (United States)

    Chorazy, Szymon; Nakabayashi, Koji; Arczynski, Mirosław; Pełka, Robert; Ohkoshi, Shin-ichi; Sieklucka, Barbara


    Two chiral luminescent derivatives of pyridine bis(oxazoline) (Pybox), (SS/RR)-iPr-Pybox (2,6-bis[4-isopropyl-2-oxazolin-2-yl]pyridine) and (SRSR/RSRS)-Ind-Pybox (2,6-bis[8H-indeno[1,2-d]oxazolin-2-yl]pyridine), have been combined with lanthanide ions (Gd(3+), Nd(3+)) and octacyanotungstate(V) metalloligand to afford a remarkable series of eight bimetallic CN(-)-bridged coordination chains: {[Ln(III)(SS/RR-iPr-Pybox)(dmf)4]3[W(V)(CN)8]3}n ⋅dmf⋅4 H2O (Ln = Gd, 1-SS and 1-RR; Ln = Nd, 2-SS and 2-RR) and {[Ln(III)(SRSR/RSRS-Ind-Pybox)(dmf)4][W(V)(CN)8]}n⋅5 MeCN⋅4 MeOH (Ln = Gd, 3-SRSR and 3-RSRS; Ln = Nd, 4-SRSR and 4-RSRS). These materials display enantiopure structural helicity, which results in strong optical activity in the range 200-450 nm, as confirmed by natural circular dichroism (NCD) spectra and the corresponding UV/Vis absorption spectra. Under irradiation with UV light, the Gd(III)-W(V) chains show dominant ligand-based red phosphorescence, with λmax ≈660 nm for 1-(SS/RR) and 680 nm for 3-(SRSR/RSRS). The Nd(III)-W(V) chains, 2-(SS/RR) and 4-(SRSR/RSRS), exhibit near-infrared luminescence with sharp lines at 986, 1066, and 1340 nm derived from intra-f (4)F3/2 → (4)I9/2,11/2,13/2 transitions of the Nd(III) centers. This emission is realized through efficient ligand-to-metal energy transfer from the Pybox derivative to the lanthanide ion. Due to the presence of paramagnetic lanthanide(III) and [W(V)(CN)8](3-) moieties connected by cyanide bridges, 1-(SS/RR) and 3-(SRSR/RSRS) are ferrimagnetic spin chains originating from antiferromagnetic coupling between Gd(III) (SGd = 7/2) and W(V) (SW = 1/2) centers with J1-(SS) = -0.96(1) cm(-1), J1-(RR) =-0.95(1) cm(-1), J3-(SRSR) = -0.91(1) cm(-1), and J3-(RSRS) =-0.94(1) cm(-1). 2-(SS/RR) and 4-(SRSR/RSRS) display ferromagnetic coupling within their Nd(III)-NC-W(V) linkages.

  13. Anything But Ordinary ——

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    In the present era of accelerated technological development with its proliferation of new digital media,PC and Internet,the main questions concerning communication practices examine the patterns of interaction between these practices and the use of‘old’media,such as print,the electronic and audiovisual media,television,radio and VCR,which have all dominated the communication scene until fairly recently.Definitely we can say that the internet has become a family member that no one can live without it,especially the new types electronic products’sale in the markets and the development of the wireless(wifi),what’s more,the high click rates of facebook,youtube,twitter and so on.This great change also have happened in China that you can see the first thing for everyone in the morning is connecting the internet so as to read weibo(micro blog,its function is similar to twitter,now it is the most popular and famous micro blog in China),youku(similar to ytube),xiaonei(like facebook)and so on.Therefore a great many‘old’media in China is now experiencing the large reform.CRI(China Radio International)cannot lag behind.In this paper,I am trying to introduce one website from CRI which is called""as a landscape to state her"birth","grow up(development)"and her"future".

  14. Delayed presentation of traumatic facial nerve (CN VII) paralysis. (United States)

    Napoli, Anthony M; Panagos, Peter


    Facial nerve paralysis (Cranial Nerve VII, CN VII) can be a disfiguring disorder with profound impact upon the patient. The etiology of facial nerve paralysis may be congenital, iatrogenic, or result from neoplasm, infection, trauma, or toxic exposure. In the emergency department, the most common cause of unilateral facial paralysis is Bell's palsy, also known as idiopathic facial paralysis (IFP). We report a case of delayed presentation of unilateral facial nerve paralysis 3 days after sustaining a traumatic head injury. Re-evaluation and imaging of this patient revealed a full facial paralysis and temporal bone fracture extending into the facial canal. Because cranial nerve injuries occur in approximately 5-10% of head-injured patients, a good history and physical examination is important to differentiate IFP from another etiology. Newer generation high-resolution computed tomography (CT) scans are commonly demonstrating these fractures. An understanding of this complication, appropriate patient follow-up, and early involvement of the Otolaryngologist is important in management of these patients. The mechanism as well as the timing of facial nerve paralysis will determine the proper evaluation, consultation, and management for the patient. Patients with total or immediate paralysis as well as those with poorly prognostic audiogram results are good candidates for surgical repair.

  15. CN Zeeman observations of the NGC 2264-C protocluster

    CERN Document Server

    Maury, Anaëlle J; Thum, Clemens


    From an observational point of view, the role of magnetic fields in star formation remains unclear, and two main theoretical scenarios have been proposed so far to regulate the star-formation processes. The first model assumes that turbulence in star-forming clumps plays a crucial role, and especially that protostellar outflow-driven turbulence is crucial to support cluster-forming clumps; while the second scenario is based on the consideration of a magnetically-supported clump. Previous studies of the NGC 2264-C protocluster indicate that, in addition to thermal pressure, some extra support might effectively act against the gravitational collapse of this cluster-forming clump. We previously showed that this extra support is not due to the numerous protostellar outflows, nor the enhanced turbulence in this protocluster. Here we present the results of the first polarimetric campaign dedicated to quantifying the magnetic support at work in the NGC 2264-C clump. Our Zeeman observations of the CN(1-0) hyperfine l...

  16. Photometric Modelling of Close Binary Star CN And

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    D. M. Z. Jassur; A. Khodadadi


    The results of two color photometry of active close binary CN And are presented and analyzed. The light curves of the system are obviously asymmetric, with the primary maximum brighter than the secondary maximum, which is known as the O’Conell effect. The most plausible explanation of the asymmetry is expected to be due to spot activity of the primary component. For the determination of physical and geometrical parameters, the most new version of W–D code was used, but the presence of asymmetry prevented the convergence of the method when the whole light curves were used. The solutions were obtained by applying mode 3 of W–D code to the first half of the light curves, assuming synchronous rotation and zero eccentricity. Absolute parameters of the system were obtained from combining the photometric solution with spectroscopic data obtained from radial velocity curve analysis. The results indicate the poor thermal contact of the components and transit primary minimum. Finally the O–C diagram was analyzed. It was found that the orbital period of the system is changing with a rate of / = -2.2(6) × 10-10 which corresponds to mass transfer from more massive component to less massive with the rate of / ∼ 4.82 × 10-88sun/year.

  17. Thermal Safety Study on TEGDN/NG/NC Gun Propellant (United States)

    Yi, J. H.; Zhao, F. Q.; Hu, R. Z.; Xue, L.; Xu, S. Y.


    The self-accelerating decomposition temperature (TSADT), critical temperature of thermal explosion (Tb), adiabatic time to explosion (tTIad), 50% drop height of impact sensitivity (H50), critical temperature of hot spot initiation caused by impact (Tcr,hotspot), safety degree (Sd), critical thermal explosion ambient temperature (Tacr), and thermal explosion probability (PTE) of the gun propellant composed of triethyleneglycol dinitrate (TEGDN), nitroglycerin (NG), and nitrocellulose (NC) were studied. The results of thermal safety evaluation on the gun propellant were obtained: (1) T00 = 433.4 K, TSADT = Te0 = 441.1 K, Tb = Tbp0 = 468.4 K; (2) when Ek = 205.3 × 103 J mol -1 and Ak = 1020.62 s -1, tTIad = 48.3 s, H50 = 17.93 cm, Tcr, hotspot = 634.9 K; for a sphere sample, TS(T)max = 369.0K, Tacr = 364.2 K, Sd = 65.03%, PTE = 34.96%.

  18. The NC16A domain of collagen XVII plays a role in triple helix assembly and stability. (United States)

    Van den Bergh, Françoise; Fu, Chang-Ling; Olague-Marchan, Monica; Giudice, George J


    Collagen XVII/BP180 is a transmembrane constituent of the epidermal anchoring complex. To study the role of its non-collagenous linker domain, NC16A, in protein assembly and stability, we analyzed the following recombinant proteins: the collagen XVII extracellular domain with or without NC16A, and a pair of truncated proteins comprising the COL15-NC15 stretch expressed with or without NC16A. All four proteins were found to exist as stable collagen triple helices; however, the two missing NC16A exhibited melting temperatures significantly lower than their NC16A-containing counterparts. Protein refolding experiments revealed that the rate of triple helix assembly of the collagen model peptide GPP(10) is greatly increased by the addition of an upstream NC16A domain. In summary, the NC16A linker domain of collagen XVII exhibits a positive effect on both the rate of assembly and the stability of the adjoining collagen structure.

  19. Computational approaches for the analysis of ncRNA through Deep Sequencing techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dario eVeneziano


    Full Text Available The majority of the human transcriptome is defined as non-coding RNA (ncRNA, since only a small fraction of human DNA encodes for proteins, as reported by the ENCODE project. Several distinct classes of ncRNAs, such as transfer RNA (tRNA, microRNA (miRNA, and long non-coding RNA (lncRNA, have been classified, each with its own three-dimensional folding and specific function. As ncRNAs are highly abundant in living organisms and have been discovered to play important roles in many biological processes, there has been an ever increasing need to investigate the entire ncRNAome in further unbiased detail.Recently, the advent of Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS technologies has substantially increased the throughput of transcriptome studies, allowing an unprecedented investigation of ncRNAs, as regulatory pathways and novel functions involving ncRNAs are now also emerging. The huge amount of transcript data produced by NGS has progressively required the development and implementation of suitable bioinformatics workflows, complemented by knowledge-based approaches, to identify, classify, and evaluate the expression of hundreds of ncRNAs in normal and pathological states, such as cancer.In this mini-review, we present and discuss current bioinformatics advances in the development of such computational approaches to analyze and classify the non-coding RNA component of human transcriptome sequence data obtained from NGS technologies.

  20. Springback of thin-walled tube NC precision bending and its numerical simulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GU Rui-jie; YANG He; ZHAN Mei; LI Heng


    The springback is one of the key factors which affect the forming quality of thin-walled tube NC precision bending. The elastic-plastic finite element method was proposed to study the springback process of thin-walled tube NC precision bending and the combination of dynamic explicit algorithm and the static implicit algorithm was proposed to solve the whole process of thin-walled tube NC precision bending. Then,the 3D elastic-plastic finite element model was established based on the DYNAFORM platform,and the model was verified to be reasonable. At last,the springback rule of thin-walled tube NC precision bending and the effect of geometry and material parameters on the springback rule of thin-walled tube NC precision bending were studied,which is useful to controlling the springback of thin-walled tube NC precision bending,and the numerical simulation method can be used to study other effect of parameters on the forming quality of thin-walled tube NC precision bending.

  1. Process-scheme-driven automatic construction of NC machining cell for aircraft structural parts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Shulin; Zheng Guolei; Zhou Min; Du Baorui; Chu Hongzhen


    In order to enhance the NC programming efficiency and quality of aircraft structural parts (ASPs), an intelligent NC programming pattern driven by process schemes is presented. In this pattern, the NC machining cell is the minimal organizational structure in the technological process, consisting of an operation machining volume cell, and the type and parameters of the machining operation. After the machining cell construction, the final NC program can be easily obtained in a CAD/CAM system by instantiating the machining operation for each machining cell. Accord-ingly, how to automatically establish the machining cells is a key issue in intelligent NC program-ming. On the basis of the NC machining craft of ASP, the paper aims to make an in-depth research on this issue. Firstly, some new terms about the residual volume and the machinable volume are defined, and then, the technological process is modeled with a process scheme. Secondly, the approach to building the machining cells is introduced, in which real-time complement machining is mainly considered to avoid interference and overcutting. Thirdly, the implementing algorithm is designed and applied to the Intelligent NC Programming System of ASP. Finally, the developed algorithm is validated through two case studies.

  2. Long ncRNA expression associates with tissue-specific enhancers. (United States)

    Vučićević, Dubravka; Corradin, Olivia; Ntini, Evgenia; Scacheri, Peter C; Ørom, Ulf Andersson


    Long non-coding RNAs (ncRNA) have recently been demonstrated to be expressed from a subset of enhancers and to be required for the distant regulation of gene expression. Several approaches to predict enhancers have been developed based on various chromatin marks and occupancy of enhancer-binding proteins. Despite the rapid advances in the field, no consensus how to define tissue specific enhancers yet exists. Here, we identify 2,695 long ncRNAs annotated by ENCODE (corresponding to 28% of all ENCODE annotated long ncRNAs) that overlap tissue-specific enhancers. We use a recently developed algorithm to predict tissue-specific enhancers, PreSTIGE, that is based on the H3K4me1 mark and tissue specific expression of mRNAs. The expression of the long ncRNAs overlapping enhancers is significantly higher when the enhancer is predicted as active in a specific cell line, suggesting a general interdependency of active enhancers and expression of long ncRNAs. This dependency is not identified using previous enhancer prediction algorithms that do not account for expression of their downstream targets. The predicted enhancers that overlap annotated long ncRNAs generally have a lower ratio of H3K4me1 to H3K4me3, suggesting that enhancers expressing long ncRNAs might be associated with specific epigenetic marks. In conclusion, we demonstrate the tissue-specific predictive power of PreSTIGE and provide evidence for thousands of long ncRNAs that are expressed from active tissue-specific enhancers, suggesting a particularly important functional relationship between long ncRNAs and enhancer activity in determining tissue-specific gene expression.

  3. On the Attosecond charge migration in Cl.....N, Cl.....O, Br.....N and Br.....O Halogen-bonded clusters: Effect of donor, acceptor, vibration, rotation, and electron correlation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)



    The electron-electron relaxation and correlation-driven charge migration process, which features pure electronic aspect of ultrafast charge migration phenomenon, occurs on a very short timescale in ionized molecules and molecular clusters, prior to the onset of nuclear motion. In this article, we have presented natureof ultrafast pure electronic charge migration dynamics through Cl.....N, Cl.....O, Br.....N, and Br.....O halogen bonds, explored using density functional theory. We have explored the role of donor, acceptor, electron correlation, vibration and rotation in charge migration dynamics through these halogen bonds. For this work, we have selected ClF, Cl₂, ClOH, ClCN, BrF, BrCl, BrOH, and BrCN molecules paired with either NH₃ or H₂O. We have found that the timescale for pure electron-electron relaxation and correlation-driven charge migration through the Cl.....N, Br.....N, Cl.....O, and Br.....O halogen bonds falls in the range of 300–600 attosecond. The primary driving force behind the attosecond charge migration through the Cl.....N, Br.....N, Cl.....O, and Br.....O halogen bonds is the energy difference (∆E) between two stationary cationic orbitals (LUMO-β and HOMO-β), which together represents the initial hole density immediately following vertical ionization. We have also predicted that the strength of electron correlation has significant effect on the charge migration timescale in Cl.....N, Br.....N, Cl.....O, and Br.....O halogen bonded clusters. Vibration and rotation are also found to exhibit profound effect on attosecond charge migration dynamics through halogen bonds.

  4. Ion beam analysis, corrosion resistance and nanomechanical properties of TiAlCN/CN{sub x} multilayer grown by reactive magnetron sputtering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alemón, B.; Flores, M. [Departamento de Ingeniería de Proyectos, CUCEI, Universidad de Guadalajara, J. Guadalupe Zuno 48, Los Belenes, Zapopan, Jal. 45101 (Mexico); Canto, C. [Instituto de Física, UNAM, Avenida de la Investigación S/N, Coyoacán, Mexico, DF 04510 (Mexico); Andrade, E., E-mail: [Instituto de Física, UNAM, Avenida de la Investigación S/N, Coyoacán, Mexico, DF 04510 (Mexico); Lucio, O.G. de [Instituto de Física, UNAM, Avenida de la Investigación S/N, Coyoacán, Mexico, DF 04510 (Mexico); Rocha, M.F. [ESIME-Z, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, ALM Zacatenco, Mexico, DF 07738 (Mexico); Broitman, E. [Thin Films Physics Division, IFM, Linköping University, SE-58183 Linköping (Sweden)


    A novel TiAlCN/CN{sub x} multilayer coating, consisting of nine TiAlCN/CN{sub x} periods with a top layer 0.5 μm of CN{sub x}, was designed to enhance the corrosion resistance of CoCrMo biomedical alloy. The multilayers were deposited by dc and RF reactive magnetron sputtering from Ti{sub 0.5}Al{sub 0.5} and C targets respectively in a N{sub 2}/Ar plasma. The corrosion resistance and mechanical properties of the multilayer coatings were analyzed and compared to CoCrMo bulk alloy. Ion beam analysis (IBA) and X-ray diffraction tests were used to measure the element composition profiles and crystalline structure of the films. Corrosion resistance was evaluated by means of potentiodynamic polarization measurements using simulated body fluid (SBF) at typical body temperature and the nanomechanical properties of the multilayer evaluated by nanoindentation tests were analyzed and compared to CoCrMo bulk alloy. It was found that the multilayer hardness and the elastic recovery are higher than the substrate of CoCrMo. Furthermore the coated substrate shows a better general corrosion resistance than that of the CoCrMo alloy alone with no observation of pitting corrosion.

  5. CN and NH2 atmospheres of Comet C/1999 J3 (Linear) (United States)

    Korsun, P. P.; Jockers, K.


    Observations of Comet C/1999 J3 were made at the 2-m telescope of the Pik Terskol Observatory on September 19, 1999. Narrow-band CCD images of the CN, NH2, and dust atmospheres have been recorded using the two-channel focal reducer of the Max-Plank-Institute for Aeronomy. To fit distributions of the CN and NH2 molecules in the comet atmosphere Monte Carlo model was adopted. Model calculations were successful with photodissociation lifetimes equal to τCN=1.5×105s and τ{CNparent}=3.2×104s for CN and its parent, τ{NH2}=1.0×105s and τ{NH2parent}=5.0×103s for NH2 and its parent, respectively. These results are in agreement with HCN as the main source of the CN radicals and NH3 as the main source of the NH2 radicals in the atmosphere of Comet C/1999 J3 (Linear). The gas-production rates of CN, Q(CN)=3.8×1025 mol-1, and NH2, Q(NH2)=2.6×1025 mol-1, have been determined as well. These values are about 0.24% and 0.16%, respectively, of the water production rate.

  6. Tree species is the major factor explaining C:N ratios in European forest soils

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cools, Nathalie; Vesterdal, Lars; De Vos, Bruno


    The C:N ratio is considered as an indicator of nitrate leaching in response to high atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition. However, the C:N ratio is influenced by a multitude of other site-related factors. This study aimed to unravel the factors determining C:N ratios of forest floor, mineral soil...... and peat top soils in more than 4000 plots of the ICP Forests large-scale monitoring network. The first objective was to quantify forest floor, mineral and peat soil C:N ratios across European forests. Secondly we determined the main factors explaining this C:N ratio using a boosted regression tree...... analysis (BRT), including fifteen site and environmental variables. Ninety-five percent of the C:N ratios were between 16 and 44 in the forest floor, between 13 and 44 in the peat topsoil and between 10 and 32 in the mineral topsoil. Within the aerated forest floor and the mineral soil, the C:N ratios...

  7. Directly Generating the NC Machining Program from AutoCAD Graph

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    One kind of auto-programming method directly gener at ing the NC machining program by AutoCAD graph is discussed in this article. Firs tly, the article discusses the open type graphic interface of AutoCAD. Then the graphic export among the AutoCAD, the adding of process information and the data storage, as well as technology of generating NC program has been introduced . Finally, a NC auto-programming system GAPS based on AutoCAD graph is develope d. The tendency of auto-programming is graphic auto-pro...

  8. The total nucleon-nucleon cross section at large N_c

    CERN Document Server

    Cohen, Thomas D


    It is shown that at sufficiently large $N_c$ for incident momenta which are much larger than the QCD, the total nucleon-nucleon cross section is independent of incident momentum and given by $\\sigma^{\\rm total}=2 \\pi \\log^2(N_c) / (m^2_{\\pi})$. This result is valid in the extreme large $N_c$ regime of $\\log(N_c) \\gg 1$ and has corrections of relative order $\\log (\\log(N_c))/\\log(N_c)$. A possible connection of this result to the Froissart-Martin bound is discussed.

  9. The origin of blue photoluminescence from nc-Si/SiO2 multilayers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ma Zhong-Yuan; Xu Ling; Huang Xin-Fan; Chen Kun-Ji; Feng Duan; Guo Si-Hua; Chen De-Yuan; Wei De-Yuan; Yao Yao; Zhou Jiang; Huang Rui; Li Wei; Xu Jun


    Intensive blue photoluminescence (PL) was observed at room temperature from the nanocrystalline-Si/SiO2 (ncSi/SiO2) multilayers (MLs) obtained by thermal annealing of SiO/SiO2 MLs for the first time.By controlling the size of nc-Si formed in SiO sublayer from 3.5 to 1.5 nm,the PL peak blueshifts from 457 to 411 nm.Combining the analysis of TEM,Raman and absorption measurement,this paper attributes the blue PL to multiple luminescent centres at the interface of nc-Si and SiO2.

  10. Curie Transition of NC Nickel by Mechanical Spectroscopy and Magnetization Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Ping-Yun; CAO Zhen-Hua; ZHANG Xi-Yan; WU Xiao-Lei; HUANG Yi-Neng; MENG Xiang-Kang


    Mechanical spectroscopy measurement is performed to study the internal friction of nanocrystalline (NC) nickel with an average grain size of 23 nm from room temperature to 610 K.An internal friction peak is observed at about 550 K,which corresponds to the Curie transition process of the NC nickel according to the result of magnetization test.Moreover,the fact that the Curie temperature of NC nickel is lower than that of coarse-grained nickel is explained by an analytical model based on the weakening of cohesive energy.

  11. CN, NH2, and dust in the atmosphere of comet C/1999 J3 (LINEAR) (United States)

    Korsun, P. P.; Jockers, K.


    Comet C/1999 J3 (LINEAR) was observed with 2 m telescope of the Pik Terskol Observatory on September 19, 1999. Narrow-band CCD images of the CN, NH2, and dust atmospheres were recorded with the Two-Channel focal reducer of the Max-Plank-Institute for Aeronomy. The distributions of the CN and NH2 molecules in the comet atmosphere were fitted with a Monte Carlo model. For the CN atmosphere the best agreement between observed and calculated surface profiles was reached with the CN photodissociation lifetime tau (CN)=1.5*E5 s and with the parent photodissociation lifetime tau (CNparent)=3.2*E4 s. This result indicates that HCN is the main source of the CN radicals in the atmosphere of comet C/1999 J3 (LINEAR). Regarding the NH2 radicals, there is no doubt that NH3 is the dominant source of this species in the comet atmosphere. The lifetimes tau (NH2)=1.0*E5 s for NH2 and tau (NH2 parent)=5.0*E3 s for its parent are close to theoretical calculations. The gas-production rates of CN, Q(CN)=3.8 *E25 mol s-1, and NH2, Q(NH2)=6.9*E25 mol s-1 have also been determined. The appearance of the comet and the obtained data show that the comet is a gaseous one. The Afrho values are 21.6 cm for the blue spectral window and 23.4 cm for the red one. The normalized spectral gradient of the cometary dust is low, 4.0% per 1000 Å. The ratio log((Afrho )443/Q(CN)) = -24.25 indicates a very low dust to gas ratio as well.

  12. A new Leray formula for smooth functions on bounded domains in Cn

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAO; Zongyuan(姚宗元); QIU; Chunhui(邱春晖); ZHONG; Chunping


    By means of a new technique of integral representations in Cn given by the authors, we establish a new abstract formula with a vector function W for smooth functions on bounded domains in Cn, which is different from the well-known Leray formula, This new formula eliminates the term that contains the parameter λ from the classical Leray formula, and especially on some domains the uniform estimates for the -equation are very simple. From the new Leray formula, we can obtain correspondingly many new formulas for smooth functions on many domains in Cn, which are different from the classical ones, when we properly select the vector function W.

  13. Preparation and characterization of polymer blends of NC and GAP-TPE%NC/GAP-TPE共混聚合物的制备和性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左海丽; 肖乐勤; 菅晓霞; 周伟良


    A series of blends of energetic thermoplastic polyurethane( GAP-TPE)and Nitrocellulose( NC) were prepared by the way of chain extension,blend and aging. The structures of the blends were analyzed by means of FT1R spectroscopy, wide-angle Xray diffraction,and scanning electron microscopy. The compatibility and properties of the blends were characterized by dynamic mechanical analysis( DMA)and tensile testing. It suggests that nitrocellulose molecules penetrate into the polyurethane and interrupt the intra-hydrogen bonding between the hard and soft segments. The results indicate that the blended sheets exhibited good miscibility. The tensile strength increased with an increase of NC content. The blends NC/GAP-TPE having 5%~20% NC exhibited a significant increase from 10.4 Mpa to 20.4 Mpa for tensile strength ,49% increased.%采用扩链后共混再熟化的方法,制备了1组不同组成的硝化棉(NC)/含能热塑性弹性体(GAP-TPE)共混聚合物.采用红外光谱(FTIR)和X射线衍射(XRD)表征NC/GAP-TPE共混物的结构,扫描电镜(SEM)观察共混物的断面,动态热机械分析(DMA)测定共混物的玻璃化转变,运用拉伸实验研究不同配比NC/GAP-TPE共混物的力学性能.结果表明,NC和GAP-TPE分子间存在氢键相互作用.NC均匀分散在GAP-TPE基体中,不同配比的NC/GAP-TPE共混物均存在1个玻璃化温度,二者之间具有较好的相容性.当NC含量从5%到20%变化时,共混试样的拉伸强度从10.4 MPa增加至20.4 MPa,提高了49%.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available Numerical control (NC machines in a job shop may not be cost and time effective if the assignment of cutting operations and optimisation of machining parameters are overlooked. In order to justify better utilisation and higher productivity of invested NC machine tools, it is necessary to determine the optimum machining parameters and realize effective assignment of cutting operations on machines. This paper presents two mathematical models for optimising machining parameters and effectively allocating turning operations on NC lathe machines in a job shop manufacturing system. The models are developed as non-linear programming problems and solved using a commercial LINGO software package. The results show that the decisions of machining optimisation and operation allocation on NC lathe machines can be simultaneously made while minimising both production cost and cycle time. In addition, the results indicate that production cost and cycle time can be minimised while significantly reducing or totally eliminating idle times among machines.

  15. Fabrication and characteristics of the nc-Si/c-Si heterojunction MAGFET

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Xiaofeng; Wen Dianzhong


    A MAGFET using an nc-Si/c-Si heterojunction as source and drain was fabricated by CMOS technology, using two ohm-contact electrodes as Hall outputs on double sides of the channel situated 0.7L from the source. The experimental results show that when V_(DS) = -7.0 V, the magnetic sensitivity of the single nc-Si/c-Si heterojunction magnetic metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (MAGFET) with an L : W ratio of 2 : 1 is 21.26 mV/T,and that with an L : W ratio of 4 : 1 is 13.88 mV/T. When the outputs of double nc-Si/c-Si heterojunction MAGFETs with an L : W ratio of 4 : 1 are in series, their magnetic sensitivity is 22.74 mV/T, which is an improvement of about 64% compared with that of a single nc-Si/c-Si heterojunction MAGFET.

  16. Investigation on the foaming behaviors of NC-based gun propellants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-xiang Li


    Full Text Available To prepare the porous NC-based (nitrocellulose-based gun propellants, the batch foaming process of using supercritical CO2 as the physical blowing agent is used. The solubilities of CO2 in the single-base propellants and TEGDN (trimethyleneglycol dinitrate propellants are measured by the gravimetric method, and SEM (scanning electron microscope is used to observe the morphology of foamed propellants. The result shows that a large amount of CO2 could be dissolved in NC-based propellants. The experimental results also reveal that the energetic plasticizer TEGDN exerts an important influence on the pore structure. The triaxial tensile failure mechanism for solid-state nucleation is used to explain the nucleation of NC-based propellants in the solid state. Since some specific foaming behaviors of NC-based propellants can not be explained by the failure mechanism, a solid-state nucleation mechanism which revises the triaxial tensile failure mechanism is proposed and discussed.

  17. EnviroAtlas -Durham, NC- One Meter Resolution Urban Area Land Cover Map (2010) (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The EnviroAtlas Durham, NC land cover map was generated from USDA NAIP (National Agricultural Imagery Program) four band (red, green, blue and near infrared) aerial...

  18. EnviroAtlas -Durham, NC- One Meter Resolution Urban Area Land Cover Map (2010) Web Service (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This EnviroAtlas web service supports research and online mapping activities related to EnviroAtlas ( ). The EnviroAtlas Durham, NC...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    The Jaya Suteja


    Full Text Available The success of supply chain implementation in producing manufactured product heavily relies on the development of CAD system, CAM system, and CNC machine tool. However, current CAD system, CAM system, and CNC machine tool have some weaknesses in supporting supply chain implementation. This paper presents an overview of STEP-NC and its role in supply chain of manufactured product. STEP-NC is a new interface standard for CAD-CAM-CNC chain, which is developed by International Standards Organization (ISO to extend STEP model data to define data for NC machine tools. By using STEP-NC, the link of all information in supply chain of manufactured product will be more flexible, faster, easier, safer, and more reliable.

  20. Complete Genome Sequence of NC983, a Live Attenuated Strain of Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium (United States)

    Troxell, Bryan; Fink, Ryan C.; Dickey, Allison N.; Scholl, Elizabeth H.


    Foodborne infections caused by Salmonella enterica serovars are a significant problem worldwide. Presented here is the genome sequence of the nontyphoidal S. enterica serovar Typhimurium mutant strain NC983, a potential vaccine candidate. PMID:27738027

  1. Evolution of twist-three parton distributions in QCD beyond the large $N_{c}$ limit

    CERN Document Server

    Braun, V M; Manashov, A N


    We formulate a consistent 1/N_c^2 expansion of the QCD evolution equations for the twist-three quark distributions g_2(x,Q^2), h_L(x,Q^2) and e(x,Q^2) based on the interpretation of the evolution as a three-particle quantum-mechanical problem with hermitian Hamiltonian. Each distribution amplitude can be decomposed in contributions of partonic components with DGLAP-type scale dependence. We calculate the 1/N_c^2 corrections to the evolution of the dominant component with the lowest anomalous dimension - the only one that survives in the large-N_c limit - and observe a good agreement with the exact numerical results for N_c=3. The 1/N_c^2 admixture of operators with higher anomalous dimensions is shown to be concentrated at a few lowest partonic components and in general is rather weak.

  2. 75 FR 71463 - Woodland Mills Corporation Mill Spring, NC; Notice of Revised Determination on Reconsideration (United States)


    ... Employment and Training Administration Woodland Mills Corporation Mill Spring, NC; Notice of Revised... of Woodland Mills Corporation, Mill Spring, North Carolina, to apply for Trade Adjustment Assistance... yarn produced by Woodland Mills Corporation, Mill Spring, North Carolina Woodland Mills...

  3. 75 FR 49524 - Woodland Mills Corporation, Mill Spring, NC; Notice of Affirmative Determination Regarding... (United States)


    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration Woodland Mills Corporation, Mill Spring, NC; Notice of Affirmative Determination Regarding Application for Reconsideration By application dated July 22, 2010,...


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    A simulation system for five-axis NC machining using general cutting tools is presented. This system differs from other simulation system in that it not only focuses on the geometric simulation but also focuses on the collision detection which is usually not included in NC machining simulation. Besides all of these, estimating cutting forces is also discussed. In order to obtain high efficiency, all algorithms use swept volume modeling technique, so the simulation system is compact and can be performed efficiently.

  5. Removal of aqueous nC60 fullerene from water by low pressure membrane filtration. (United States)

    Floris, R; Nijmeijer, K; Cornelissen, E R


    The potential environmental and health risks of engineered nanoparticles such as buckminsterfullerene C60 in water require their removal during the production of drinking water. We present a study focusing on (i) the removal mechanism and (ii) the elucidation of the role of the membrane pore size during removal of nC60 fullerene nanoparticle suspensions in dead-end microfiltration and ultrafiltration mimicking separation in real industrial water treatment plants. Membranes were selected with pore sizes ranging from 18 nm to 500 nm to determine the significance of the nC60 to membrane pore size ratio and the adsorption affinity between nC60 and membrane material during filtration. Experiments were carried out with a dead-end bench-scale system operated at constant flux conditions including a hydraulic backwash cleaning procedure. nC60 nanoparticles can be efficiently removed by low pressure membrane technology with smaller and, unexpectedly, also by mostly similar or larger pores than the particle size, although the nC60 filtration behaviour appeared to be different. The nC60 size to membrane pore size ratio and the ratio of the cake-layer deposition resistance to the clean membrane resistance, both play an important role on the nC60 filtration behaviour and on the efficiency of the backwash procedure recovering the initial membrane filtration conditions. These results become specifically significant in the context of drinking water production, for which they provide relevant information for an accurate selection between membrane processes and operational parameters for the removal of nC60 in the drinking water treatment.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    The authors investigate the Toeplitz C≠-algebra over the L-shaped domain in Cn by the groupoid approach, and successfully parameterize the unit space of the groupoid assocated to the Toeplitz C≠-algebra.

  7. On the Coefficients Problem of Quasi-convex Mappings and Starlike Mapppings in Cn

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUWei-xian; WANGYu-min


    Let Bn be the unit ball in Cn, we study quasi-convex mappings and starlike mappings on Bn.The upper bounds of second order item coefficients ofr quasi-convex mappings and starlike mappings are obtained.

  8. A novel denitrifying methanotroph of the NC10 phylum and its microcolony (United States)

    He, Zhanfei; Cai, Chaoyang; Wang, Jiaqi; Xu, Xinhua; Zheng, Ping; Jetten, Mike S. M.; Hu, Baolan


    The NC10 phylum is a candidate phylum of prokaryotes and is considered important in biogeochemical cycles and evolutionary history. NC10 members are as-yet-uncultured and are difficult to enrich, and our knowledge regarding this phylum is largely limited to the first species ‘Candidatus Methylomirabilis oxyfera’ (M. oxyfera). Here, we enriched NC10 members from paddy soil and obtained a novel species of the NC10 phylum that mediates the anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) coupled to nitrite reduction. By comparing the new 16S rRNA gene sequences with those already in the database, this new species was found to be widely distributed in various habitats in China. Therefore, we tentatively named it ‘Candidatus Methylomirabilis sinica’ (M. sinica). Cells of M. sinica are roughly coccus-shaped (0.7–1.2 μm), distinct from M. oxyfera (rod-shaped; 0.25–0.5 × 0.8–1.1 μm). Notably, microscopic inspections revealed that M. sinica grew in honeycomb-shaped microcolonies, which was the first discovery of microcolony of the NC10 phylum. This finding opens the possibility to isolate NC10 members using microcolony-dependent isolation strategies.

  9. The baryon vector current in the combined chiral and 1/Nc expansions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flores-Mendieta, Ruben; Goity, Jose L [JLAB


    The baryon vector current is computed at one-loop order in large-Nc baryon chiral perturbation theory, where Nc is the number of colors. Loop graphs with octet and decuplet intermediate states are systematically incorporated into the analysis and the effects of the decuplet-octet mass difference and SU(3) flavor symmetry breaking are accounted for. There are large-Nc cancellations between different one-loop graphs as a consequence of the large-Nc spin-flavor symmetry of QCD baryons. The results are compared against the available experimental data through several fits in order to extract information about the unknown parameters. The large-Nc baryon chiral perturbation theory predictions are in very good agreement both with the expectations from the 1/Nc expansion and with the experimental data. The effect of SU(3) flavor symmetry breaking for the |Delta S|=1 vector current form factors f1(0) results in a reduction by a few percent with respect to the corresponding SU(3) symmetric values.

  10. Synthesis and Crystal Structure of a Cyano-bridged Bimetallic Complex[La(DMSO)3(H2O)3Cr(CN)6]·H2O (DMSO = Dimethylsulfoxide) with One-dimensional Chain Molecular Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁淑惠; 车云霞; 郑吉民


    The title complex [La(DMSO)3(H2O)3Cr(CN)6](H2O was obtained by the reaction of LaCl3(7H2O, DMSO and K3[Cr(CN)6] in aqueous solution on a hot water bath. The crystal crystallizes in orthorhombic, space group P212121 with a = 9.827(3), b = 15.037(4), c = 17.633(5)A, C12H26CrLaN6O7S3, Mr = 653.48, Z = 4, V = 2605.7(13) A3, Dc = 1.666 g/m3, μ (MoKα) = 2.314 mm-1, F(000) = 1300, R = 0.0205 and wR = 0.0481 for 5038 observed reflections (I > 2σ(I)). La3+ ion is eight-coordinated by three DMSO molecules, three H2O molecules and two [Cr(CN)6]3- units. The structure of the title complex possesses a cyano-bridged onedimensional zigzag chain structure with alternating La(DMSO)3(H2O)3 and Cr(CN)6 moieties, which are linked by some hydrogen bonds to form a 3D network structure.

  11. A Mysterious Population of Stars With Weak CN Absorption in the Disk of M31 (United States)

    Kamath, Anika; Sales, Alyssa; Sarukkai, Atmika; Guhathakurta, Puragra; Hays, Jon; Rosenfield, Philip; SPLASH Collaboration; PHAT Collaboration


    From our study of certain stars in the Andromeda Galaxy, we found stars with clear evidence of the molecule cyanogen (CN) alongside molecules typically in oxygen-rich stars (TiO, Calcium) in their atmospheres. The juxtaposition of these molecules is amplified by our observation that stars do not normally simultaneously exhibit carbonaceous and oxygenaceous molecules. Due to the less apparent presence of CN in these stars compared to carbon stars, we initially named these stars ‘weak CN’ stars and assumed a relationship between these stars and carbon stars. To further deepen our understanding of the characteristics of these stars, we measured and analyzed their spectroscopic data, position on Color Magnitude Diagrams, variations in velocity, and placement in evolutionary stellar models. While spectra of weak CN and carbon stars indicated a shared presence of CN in both star groups, the placements of these stars on color magnitude diagrams suggested that these two populations are unrelated due to variations in brightness and temperature. Additional analyses of velocity, based on an observed correlation between velocity dispersion and age of a star (Dorman 2015), further implied that these weak CN stars are a younger and clearly separate group of stars. Finally, using stellar models to track changes in temperature and luminosity of stars over time, we mapped positions of weak CN stars to a region on the evolutionary path of massive stars. Based on our knowledge of this region, we found sufficient evidence to conclude that weak CN stars are part of a relatively unknown, young evolutionary phase of massive stars called red core Helium burning (RCHeB) stars. Over the course of our research, we also built a detection program to identify other weak CN stars based on their subtle spectral features. In the future, we hope to apply other limitations based on our knowledge of red core Helium burning stars to refine our search and expand our knowledge on this population of

  12. [Screening and function analysis of a cyclohexanone-degrading bacterium CN1 from deep sea sediment]. (United States)

    Li, Hu; Shao, Zong-Ze


    Micrococcu luteus CN1 was found to be able to utilize cyclohexanone well from the strains originally isolated from Pacific Ocean sediment. The optimum conditions for its growth were determined as 25 degrees C -37 degrees C, pH 8, salinity 6%. It could survive in the medium with high concentration of cyclohexanone ( > 44% V/V), and grew most vigorously in medium with 16.7% (V/V) cyclohexanone. CN1 could transform cyclohexanol to cyclohexanone which could be further degraded and mineralized quickly. This indicated the presence of cyclohexanol dehydrogenase and probable presence of cyclohexanone monooxygenase. With degenerate PCR for cloning part of cyclohexanone monooxygenase gene, the DNA fragment of 450bp was gotten. Amino acid sequence analysis showed that it owned the conserved sequence of the Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenase family and had the highest homology of 80% with cyclohexanone monooxygenase from Arthrobacter sp. BP2, only 53% with that from Acinetobacter sp. NCIMB 9871 which had been the most deeply investigated. So far as we know, both cyclohexanol and cyclohexanone degradation resorted to cyclohexanone monooxygenase. So this gene should be responsible for cyclohexanone degradation in CN1. All the cyclohexanone-degraders previously reported could degrade cyclopentanone, but, CN1 did not degrade cyclopentanone. This indicated that cyclohexanone monooxygenase in CN1 was special. Additionally, it was found for the first time that cyclohexanol could inhibit cyclohexanone degradation to certain degree in CN1.

  13. Influence of N atomic percentages on cell attachment for CN$_x$ coatings

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    D J Li; L F Niu


    Carbon film is an excellent candidate for use as a biocompatible coating due to its excellent properties. However, considerable attention has just been focused on the biocompatibility of diamond-like carbon (DLC) in recent years. It is difficult to find reports on the investigations of the biocompatibility of CN$_x$ so far. It is well known that CN$_x$ has similar structural characteristics as that of DLC. Its excellent mechanical and tribological properties are comparable to that of DLC. In addition, it is probable that the presence of nitrogen leads to a positive effect on biocompatibility. So, this work focusses on cell attachment of CN$_x$ coating and the relation between nitrogen atomic percentage and cell attachment. CN$_x$ coatings were prepared using magnetron sputtering under two N2 partial pressures for the evaluation of relation between nitrogen atomic percentage and cell attachment. Cell culture tests using human endothelial cells and mouse fibroblasts were performed. Both coatings resulted in no adverse effects on the cells in culture. Compared with CN$_x$ ( = 0.088), CN$_x$ ( = 0.149) film provided a better surface for normal cellular attachment, spreading and proliferation without apparent impairment of cell physiology. At the same time, the coatings exhibited excellent tribological and corrosion performance. XPS and AES analyses showed that higher nitrogen atomic percentage might lead to a positive effect on the cell attachment.

  14. Soil microbial C:N ratio is a robust indicator of soil productivity for paddy fields (United States)

    Li, Yong; Wu, Jinshui; Shen, Jianlin; Liu, Shoulong; Wang, Cong; Chen, Dan; Huang, Tieping; Zhang, Jiabao


    Maintaining good soil productivity in rice paddies is important for global food security. Numerous methods have been developed to evaluate paddy soil productivity (PSP), most based on soil physiochemical properties and relatively few on biological indices. Here, we used a long-term dataset from experiments on paddy fields at eight county sites and a short-term dataset from a single field experiment in southern China, and aimed at quantifying relationships between PSP and the ratios of carbon (C) to nutrients (N and P) in soil microbial biomass (SMB). In the long-term dataset, SMB variables generally showed stronger correlations with the relative PSP (rPSP) compared to soil chemical properties. Both correlation and variation partitioning analyses suggested that SMB N, P and C:N ratio were good predictors of rPSP. In the short-term dataset, we found a significant, negative correlation of annual rice yield with SMB C:N (r = ‑0.99), confirming SMB C:N as a robust indicator for PSP. In treatments of the short-term experiment, soil amendment with biochar lowered SMB C:N and improved PSP, while incorporation of rice straw increased SMB C:N and reduced PSP. We conclude that SMB C:N ratio does not only indicate PSP but also helps to identify management practices that improve PSP.

  15. New approach to neurorehabilitation: cranial nerve noninvasive neuromodulation (CN-NINM) technology (United States)

    Danilov, Yuri P.; Tyler, Mitchel E.; Kaczmarek, Kurt A.; Skinner, Kimberley L.


    Cranial Nerve NonInvasive NeuroModulation (CN-NINM) is a primary and complementary multi-targeted rehabilitation therapy that appears to initiate the recovery of multiple damaged or suppressed brain functions affected by neurological disorders. It is deployable as a simple, home-based device (portable neuromodulation stimulator, or PoNSTM) and training regimen following initial patient training in an outpatient clinic. It may be easily combined with many existing rehabilitation therapies, and may reduce or eliminate the need for more aggressive invasive procedures or possibly decrease total medication intake. CN-NINM uses sequenced patterns of electrical stimulation on the tongue. Our hypothesis is that CN-NINM induces neuroplasticity by noninvasive stimulation of two major cranial nerves: trigeminal (CN-V), and facial (CN-VII). This stimulation excites a natural flow of neural impulses to the brainstem (pons varolli and medulla), and cerebellum, to effect changes in the function of these targeted brain structures, extending to corresponding nuclei of the brainstem. CN-NINM represents a synthesis of a new noninvasive brain stimulation technique with applications in physical medicine, cognitive, and affective neurosciences. Our new stimulation method appears promising for treatment of a full spectrum of movement disorders, and for both attention and memory dysfunction associated with traumatic brain injury.

  16. Study on re-sputtering during CN{sub x} film deposition through spectroscopic diagnostics of plasma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liang, Peipei; Yang, Xu; Li, Hui; Cai, Hua [Department of Optical Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Sun, Jian; Xu, Ning [Department of Optical Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Ultra-Precision Optical Manufacturing, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Wu, Jiada, E-mail: [Department of Optical Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Ultra-Precision Optical Manufacturing, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Engineering Research Center of Advanced Lighting Technology, Ministry of Education, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China)


    A nitrogen-carbon plasma was generated during the deposition of carbon nitride (CN{sub x}) thin films by pulsed laser ablation of a graphite target in a discharge nitrogen plasma, and the optical emission of the generated nitrogen-carbon plasma was measured for the diagnostics of the plasma and the characterization of the process of CN{sub x} film deposition. The nitrogen-carbon plasma was recognized to contain various species including nitrogen molecules and molecular ions excited in the ambient N{sub 2} gas, carbon atoms and atomic ions ablated from the graphite target and CN radicals. The temporal evolution and spatial distribution of the CN emission and their dependence on the substrate bias voltage show two groups of CN radicals flying in opposite directions. One represents the CN radicals formed as the products of the reactions occurring in the nitrogen-carbon plasma, revealing the reactive deposition of CN{sub x} film due to the reactive expansion of the ablation carbon plasma in the discharge nitrogen plasma and the effective formation of gaseous CN radicals as precursors for CN{sub x} film growth. The other one represents the CN radicals re-sputtered from the growing CN{sub x} film by energetic plasma species, evidencing the re-sputtering of the growing film accompanying film growth. And, the re-sputtering presents ion-induced sputtering features.

  17. Paraconsistent Multi-agent Epistemic Logic CnEmK%弗协调多主体认知逻辑系统CnEmK

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)




  18. [[Cu(en)(2)](2)Re(4)Te(4)(CN)(12)].5H(2)O and [[Cu(en)(2)](2)Re(6)Te(8)(CN)(6)].5H(2)O: bonding of a transition-metal complex to a rhenium chalcocyanide cluster. (United States)

    Mironov, Y V; Fedorov, V E; Ijjaali, I; Ibers, J A


    The use of a cyano group of a transition-metal cluster complex to bond to another transition-metal complex has been realized in the syntheses of [[Cu(en)(2)](2)Re(4)Te(4)(CN)(12)].5H(2)O (1) and [[Cu(en)(2)](2)Re(6)Te(8)(CN)(6)].5H(2)O (2), (en = ethylenediamine). These compounds have been synthesized by the reaction of an aqueous solution of K(4)[Re(4)Te(4)(CN)(12)].5H(2)O (for 1) or K(4)[Re(6)Te(8)(CN)(6)] (for 2) with an ammonia solution of Cu(en)(2)Cl(2). In each compound, two Cu(en)(2) groups are bonded to the Re cluster through Cu-N(cyanide) bonds. In compound 1, which contains a tetrahedral cluster core, the Cu(en)(2) groups are necessarily bonded to cis cyano groups; in compound 2, which has an octahedral cluster core, they are bonded to trans cyano groups. Compound 1 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c with four formulas in unit cell of dimensions a = 18.9077(10), b = 15.4841(8), c = 14.4483(8) A, beta = 95.124(1) degrees, and V = 4213.1(4) A(3) (T = 153 K); compound 2 crystallizes in the triclinic space group P1 with one formula in a unit cell of dimensions a = 9.4906(3), b = 10.6529(4), c = 12. 6252(5) A, alpha = 113.599(1) degrees, beta = 103.404(1) degrees, gamma = 92.659(1) degrees, and V = 1123.87(7) A(3) (T = 153 K).

  19. 海洋放线菌CN5的分离与鉴定%Isolation and Identification of Marine Actinoplanes CN5

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白湜; 刘秋; 孙军德; 张晓敏


    Isolation and screening rare Actinomycete was made for Actinoplanes from sea sediment from Dalian sea area in Liaoning Province.Agar plate dilution method was used to carry out isolation,and the taxonomic position was determined using a polyphasic approach.One marine actinomycete strain CN5 was isolated from marine sediment in Dalian,Liaoning Province.Strain CN5 grew well on most media tested,the colonies were orange,but lacked aerial hyphae and red diffusible pigments were observed.Based on phylogenetic,chemotaxonomic,morphological analyses,strain CN5 belongs to the genus Actinoplanes,and may be a strain of the type of Actinoplanes couchii.%从辽宁省大连市旅顺口海泥样品中分离筛选稀有放线菌——游动放线菌.采用稀释平板法分离,依据多相分类方法确定该菌的分类地位.结果表明:菌株CN5在多数培养基中生长良好,橙色,无气生菌丝,可产生红色可溶性色素.根据系统发育、化学分类特征、形态特征、生理生化特性等分析表明,菌株CN5属于游动放线菌属(Actinop lanes),依据研究推测认为属其模式菌种A ctinoplanes couchii的一个菌株.

  20. Reactive magnetron sputter deposited CN{sub {ital x}}: Effects of N{sub 2} pressure and growth temperature on film composition, bonding, and microstructure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zheng, W.T.; Sjoestroem, H.; Ivanov, I.; Xing, K.Z.; Broitman, E.; Salaneck, W.R.; Greene, J.E.; Sundgren, J. [Department of Physics, Linkoeping University, S-581 83 Linkoeping (Sweden)


    Effects of growth processes on chemical bond structure, microstructure, and mechanical properties of carbon-nitride (CN{sub {ital x}}) thin films, deposited by reactive magnetron sputtering in a pure N{sub 2} discharge, are reported. The film deposition rate {ital R}{sub {ital D}} increases with increasing N{sub 2} pressure {ital P}{sub N{sub 2}} while N/C ratios remain constant. Maximum N concentration was {approximately}35 at.%. {ital R}{sub {ital D}} was found to be dependent upon the film growth temperature {ital T}{sub {ital s}}. For a given {ital P}{sub N{sub 2}}, {ital R}{sub {ital D}} decreased slightly as {ital T}{sub {ital s}} was increased from 100 to 600 C. The variations in {ital R}{sub {ital D}} with both {ital P}{sub N{sub 2}} and {ital T}{sub {ital s}} can be explained by ion-induced desorption of cyano radicals CN{sub {ital x}} from both the target and growth surfaces during deposition. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analyses showed that N atoms in films grown at {ital T}{sub {ital s}}{approx_gt}350{degree}C with low nitrogen partial pressures {ital P}{sub N{sub 2}}, {approximately}2.5 mTorr, were bound to C atoms through hybridized {ital sp}{sup 2} and {ital sp}{sup 3} configurations. For low {ital T}{sub {ital s}}=100{degree}C and higher {ital P}{sub N{sub 2}}, 10 mTorr, triple-bonded C{equivalent_to}N was detected by FTIR. Two types of microstructures were observed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, depending on {ital T}{sub {ital s}}: an amorphous phase, containing crystalline clusters for films deposited at {ital T}{sub {ital s}}=100{degree}C, while a turbostraticlike or fullerenelike phase was observed for films deposited at {ital T}{sub {ital s}}{approx_gt}200{degree}C CN{sub {ital x}} films deposited a higher {ital T}{sub {ital s}} and lower {ital P}{sub N{sub 2}} were found to have higher hardness and elastic modulus. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Vacuum Society}

  1. Application of RDX extraction techniques from waste NC-based propellants%从NC基推进剂中提取RDX等有效成分的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾林; 张林军; 张冬梅; 杜姣姣; 王琼; 杨彩宁; 王明


    In order to recycle and utilize useful component cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine ( RDX) in waste nitrocellulose( NC)⁃based propellant, the extraction methods of ultra sound⁃assisted extraction ( UAE ) , open⁃focus⁃microwave⁃assisted extraction (MAE), pressurized liquid extraction (PLE), soxlet's extraction (SE) and organic⁃solvent⁃dissolve⁃water⁃precipitation (SDWP) were studied in lab. The results, which were characterized by HPLC and IR, show that the method of PLE, in which CH2 Cl2 is used as extractant is efficient and time⁃saving compared with the other methods. In the method of PLE, the high pressure can pre⁃vent the volatilzation and decomposition of nitroglycerin (NG).The completely different dissolving performance of RDX and NC in CH2Cl2 is beneficial to seperation of them. PLE is expected to be practically applied to recycle and utilization of useful component RDX from a lot of waste NC based propellant.%为了对退役硝化棉( NC)基固体推进剂中黑索今( RDX)等有效成分进行回收再利用,研究了实验室级别的现代超声辅助提取法( UAE)、开放式聚焦微波辅助提取法( MAE)、加压加热提取法( PLE)及传统的索式提取法( SE)、溶剂溶解水析出法(SDWP),用液相色谱法、红外光谱法对提取效果进行表征。结果表明,PLE的高压可防止硝化甘油(NG)的挥发和分解,用CH2 Cl2作提取剂,能很好溶解RDX等待测物、完全不溶解NC,使得提取物和NC容易分离,提取效率高、时间短,优于其他方法,有望实际应用于大量的退役NC基推进剂中RDX等有效组分的回收利用。

  2. Cl- channels in apoptosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wanitchakool, Podchanart; Ousingsawat, Jiraporn; Sirianant, Lalida


    , and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) in cellular apoptosis. LRRC8A-E has been identified as a volume-regulated anion channel expressed in many cell types. It was shown to be required for regulatory and apoptotic volume decrease (RVD, AVD) in cultured cell lines. Its presence also......(-) channels or as regulators of other apoptotic Cl(-) channels, such as LRRC8. CFTR has been known for its proapoptotic effects for some time, and this effect may be based on glutathione release from the cell and increase in cytosolic reactive oxygen species (ROS). Although we find that CFTR is activated...... by cell swelling, it is possible that CFTR serves RVD/AVD through accumulation of ROS and activation of independent membrane channels such as ANO6. Thus activation of ANO6 will support cell shrinkage and induce additional apoptotic events, such as membrane phospholipid scrambling....

  3. CL2QCD - Lattice QCD based on OpenCL

    CERN Document Server

    Philipsen, Owe; Sciarra, Alessandro; Bach, Matthias


    We present the Lattice QCD application CL2QCD, which is based on OpenCL and can be utilized to run on Graphic Processing Units as well as on common CPUs. We focus on implementation details as well as performance results of selected features. CL2QCD has been successfully applied in LQCD studies at finite temperature and density and is available at

  4. Reactions of the CN Radical with Benzene and Toluene: Product Detection and Low-Temperature Kinetics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trevitt, Adam J.; Goulay, Fabien; Taatjes, Craig A.; Osborn, David L.; Leone, Stephen R.


    Low temperature rate coefficients are measured for the CN + benzene and CN + toluene reactions using the pulsed Laval nozzle expansion technique coupled with laser-induced fluorescence detection. The CN + benzene reaction rate coefficient at 105, 165 and 295 K is found to be relatively constant over this temperature range, 3.9 - 4.9 x 10-10 cm3 molecule-1 s-1. These rapid kinetics, along with the observed negligible temperature dependence, are consistent with a barrierless reaction entrance channel and reaction efficiencies approaching unity. The CN + toluene reaction is measured to have a slower rate coefficient of 1.3 x 10-10 cm3 molecule-1 s-1 at 105 K. At room temperature, non-exponential decay profiles are observed for this reaction that may suggest significant back-dissociation of intermediate complexes. In separate experiments, the products of these reactions are probed at room temperature using synchrotron VUV photoionization mass spectrometry. For CN + benzene, cyanobenzene (C6H5CN) is the only product recorded with no detectable evidence for a C6H5 + HCN product channel. In the case of CN + toluene, cyanotoluene (NCC6H4CH3) constitutes the only detected product. It is not possible to differentiate among the ortho, meta and para isomers of cyanotoluene because of their similar ionization energies and the ~;; 40 meV photon energy resolution of the experiment. There is no significant detection of benzyl radicals (C6H5CH2) that would suggest a H-abstraction or a HCN elimination channel is prominent at these conditions. As both reactions are measured to be rapid at 105 K, appearing to have barrierless entrance channels, it follows that they will proceed efficiently at the temperatures of Saturn?s moon Titan (~;;100 K) and are also likely to proceed at the temperature of interstellar clouds (10-20 K).

  5. Comparative Analysis on the Evaluating Indicators of Building Energy Efficiency in LEED-NC4.0 and LEED-NC2009%LEED-NC4.0与LEED-NC2009建筑节能评价指标对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周同; 刘丛红


    LEED-NC是美国建筑绿色评价体系,适用于新建建筑和旧建筑重大改造项目。以该体系中建筑节能评价指标为研究对象,在建立LEED-NC4.0版本和LEED-NC2009版本相关评价指标对应关系的基础上,对新旧版本中建筑节能评价指标进行了对比分析,总结LEED-NC4.0在建筑节能评价方面的变化,包括进一步降低建筑的运行能耗、加强性能计量、注重系统调试、鼓励智能电网计数的应用,并对LEED-NC建筑节能评价指标的发展趋势进行了分析。通过分析,加深对LEED-NC建筑节能评价的理解,为我国绿色建筑评价标准的发展提供借鉴。%LEED-NC is a U.S. green building rating system applying for new construction and major renovation. Taking the evaluating indicators of building energy efficiency as objective of study, the paper develops the correspondence between energy saving relative indicators in new and old versions of LEED-NC. Main changes of LEED-NC4.0 on building energy efficiency are summarized through the comparative analysis on the evaluating indicators in LEED-NC2009 and LEED-NC4.0, including reducing building op-eration energy use, strengthening performance metering, emphasizing system commissioning and encourag-ing use of the smart grid. It can deepen the understanding of LEED-NC and provides reference meaning to our green building assessment criteria development.

  6. Polarized photoluminescence of nc-Si–SiO{sub x} nanostructures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michailovska, E. V.; Indutnyi, I. Z.; Shepeliavyi, P. E.; Sopinskii, N. V., E-mail:, E-mail: [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lashkarev Institute of Semiconductor Physics (Ukraine)


    The effect of photoluminescence polarization memory in nc-Si–SiO{sub x} light-emitting structures containing Si nanoparticles (nc-Si) in an oxide matrix is for the first time studied. The polarization properties of continuous and porous nanostructures passivated in HF vapors (or solutions) are studied. It is established that the polarization memory effect is manifested only after treatment of the structures in HF. The effect is also accompanied by a shift of the photoluminescence peak to shorter wavelengths and by a substantial increase in the photoluminescence intensity. It is found that, in anisotropic nc-Si–SiO{sub x} samples produced by oblique deposition in vacuum, the degree of linear photoluminescence polarization in the sample plane exhibits a noticeable orientation dependence and correlates with the orientation of SiO{sub x} nanocolumns forming the structure of the porous layer. These effects are attributed to the transformation of symmetrically shaped Si nanoparticles into asymmetric elongated nc-Si particles upon etching in HF. In continuous layers, nc-Si particles are oriented randomly, whereas in porous structures, their preferential orientation coincides with the orientation of oxide nanocolumns.

  7. Link between the Potentially Hazardous Asteroid (86039) 1999 NC43 and the Chelyabinsk meteoroid tenuous

    CERN Document Server

    Reddy, Vishnu; Bottke, William F; Pravec, Petr; Sanchez, Juan A; Gary, Bruce L; Klima, Rachel; Cloutis, Edward A; Galád, Adrián; Guan, Tan Thiam; Hornoch, Kamil; Izawa, Matthew R M; Kušnirák, Peter; Corre, Lucille Le; Mann, Paul; Moskovitz, Nicholas; Skiff, Brian; Vraštil, Jan


    We explored the statistical and compositional link between Chelyabinsk meteoroid and potentially hazardous asteroid (86039) 1999 NC43 to investigate their proposed relation proposed by Borovi\\v{c}ka et al. (2013). Using detailed computation we confirm that the orbit of the Chelyabinsk impactor is anomalously close to 1999 NC43. We find about (1-3) x 10-4 likelihood of that to happen by chance. Taking the standpoint that the Chelyabinsk impactor indeed separated from 1999 NC43 by a cratering or rotational fission event, we run a forward probability calculation, which is an independent statistical test. However, we find this scenario is unlikely at the about (10-3 -10-2) level. We also verified compositional link between Chelyabinska and 1999NC43. Mineralogical analysis of Chelyabinsk (LL chondrite) and (8) Flora (the largest member of the presumed LL chondrite parent family) shows that their olivine and pyroxene chemistries are similar to LL chondrites. Similar analysis of 1999 NC43 shows that its olivine and ...

  8. Thin-walled aluminum alloy tube NC precision bending based on finite element simulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GU Rui-jie; YANG He; ZHAN Mei; LI Heng


    Elongation and springback are the bottleneck problems of thin-walled aluminum alloy tube NC precision bending. So thin-walled aluminum alloy tube NC precision bending based on finite element simulation is put forward. The finite element model of thin-walled aluminum alloy tube NC bending is established based on the DYNAFORM platform. The process of thin-walled aluminum alloy tube NC precision bending is simulated with the model and the elongation and springback of tube bending can be is put forward and the computing equations of bending angle, bending radius, blanking length and initial bending section based on elongation and springback angle are derived. The bending angle, bending radius, blanking length and initial bending section of tube bending can be gained with these equations based on the elongation and springback angle from the simulation. The study can be used to control the quality of thin-walled aluminum alloy tube NC bending so that precision bending without redundance can be realized.

  9. Polarization memory effect in the photoluminescence of nc-Si-SiOx light-emitting structures (United States)

    Michailovska, Katerina; Indutnyi, Ivan; Shepeliavyi, Petro; Sopinskyy, Mykola


    The polarization memory (PM) effect in the photoluminescence (PL) of the porous nc-Si-SiOx light-emitting structures, containing nanoparticles of silicon (nc-Si) in the oxide matrix and passivated in a solution of hydrofluoric acid (HF), has been investigated. The studied nc-Si-SiOx structures were produced by evaporation of Si monoxide (SiO) powder in vacuum and oblique deposition on Si wafer, and then the deposited silicon oxide (SiOx) films were annealed in the vacuum at 975 °C to grow nc-Si. It was found that the PM effect in the PL is observed only after passivation of nanostructures: during etching in HF solution, the initial symmetric nc-Si becomes asymmetric elongated. It was also found that in investigated nanostructures, there is a defined orientational dependence of the PL polarization degree ( ρ) in the sample plane which correlates with the orientation of SiOx nanocolumns, forming the structure of the porous layer. The increase of the ρ values in the long-wavelength spectral range with time of HF treatment can be associated with increasing of the anisotropy of large Si nanoparticles. The PM effect for this spectral interval can be described by the dielectric model. In the short-wavelength spectral range, the dependence of the ρ values agrees qualitatively with the quantum confinement effect.

  10. Baryons and baryonic matter in the large Nc and heavy quark limits

    CERN Document Server

    Cohen, Thomas D; Ndousse, Kamal K


    This paper explores properties of baryons and finite density baryonic matter in an artificial world in which Nc, the number of colors, is large and the quarks of all species are degenerate and much larger than {\\Lambda}_QCD. It has long been known that in large Nc QCD, baryons composed entirely of heavy quarks are accurately described in the mean-field approximation. However, the detailed properties of baryons in the combined large Nc and heavy quark limits have not been fully explored. Here some basic properties of baryons are computed using a variational approach. At leading order in both the large Nc and heavy quark expansions the baryon mass is computed explicitly as is the baryon form factor. Baryonic matter, the analog of nuclear matter in this artificial world, should also be well described in the mean-field approximation. In the special case where all baryons have an identical spin flavor structure, it is shown that in the formal heavy quark and large Nc limit interactions between baryons are strictly...

  11. Polarization memory effect in the photoluminescence of nc-Si-SiOx light-emitting structures. (United States)

    Michailovska, Katerina; Indutnyi, Ivan; Shepeliavyi, Petro; Sopinskyy, Mykola


    The polarization memory (PM) effect in the photoluminescence (PL) of the porous nc-Si-SiOx light-emitting structures, containing nanoparticles of silicon (nc-Si) in the oxide matrix and passivated in a solution of hydrofluoric acid (HF), has been investigated. The studied nc-Si-SiOx structures were produced by evaporation of Si monoxide (SiO) powder in vacuum and oblique deposition on Si wafer, and then the deposited silicon oxide (SiOx) films were annealed in the vacuum at 975 °C to grow nc-Si. It was found that the PM effect in the PL is observed only after passivation of nanostructures: during etching in HF solution, the initial symmetric nc-Si becomes asymmetric elongated. It was also found that in investigated nanostructures, there is a defined orientational dependence of the PL polarization degree (ρ) in the sample plane which correlates with the orientation of SiOx nanocolumns, forming the structure of the porous layer. The increase of the ρ values in the long-wavelength spectral range with time of HF treatment can be associated with increasing of the anisotropy of large Si nanoparticles. The PM effect for this spectral interval can be described by the dielectric model. In the short-wavelength spectral range, the dependence of the ρ values agrees qualitatively with the quantum confinement effect.

  12. Noise in NC-AFM measurements with significant tip–sample interaction (United States)

    Lübbe, Jannis; Temmen, Matthias


    Summary The frequency shift noise in non-contact atomic force microscopy (NC-AFM) imaging and spectroscopy consists of thermal noise and detection system noise with an additional contribution from amplitude noise if there are significant tip–sample interactions. The total noise power spectral density D Δ f(f m) is, however, not just the sum of these noise contributions. Instead its magnitude and spectral characteristics are determined by the strongly non-linear tip–sample interaction, by the coupling between the amplitude and tip–sample distance control loops of the NC-AFM system as well as by the characteristics of the phase locked loop (PLL) detector used for frequency demodulation. Here, we measure D Δ f(f m) for various NC-AFM parameter settings representing realistic measurement conditions and compare experimental data to simulations based on a model of the NC-AFM system that includes the tip–sample interaction. The good agreement between predicted and measured noise spectra confirms that the model covers the relevant noise contributions and interactions. Results yield a general understanding of noise generation and propagation in the NC-AFM and provide a quantitative prediction of noise for given experimental parameters. We derive strategies for noise-optimised imaging and spectroscopy and outline a full optimisation procedure for the instrumentation and control loops.

  13. Characterization of NCAM expression and function in BT4C and BT4Cn glioma cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)


    The neural cell adhesion molecule, NCAM, plays an important role in cell-cell adhesion. Therefore, we have studied NCAM expression in the glioma cell lines BT4C and BT4Cn. We demonstrate that the 2 cell lines differ in their metastatic ability; while BT4C cells have a very low capacity...... for producing experimental metastases, that of BT4Cn cells is high. In BT4C cells NCAM is synthesized as 4 polypeptides with Mr's of 190,000, 140,000, 115,000 and 97,000. The 140,000, 115,000 and 97,000 polypeptides are glycosylated and for the 140,000 and 115,000 polypeptides sulfatation is observed......-substratum binding assay in which the binding of BT4C and BT4Cn cells to NCAM immobilized to glass was assessed. We found that BT4C cells adhere specifically to NCAM, and that adhesion is inhibited by anti-NCAM Fab'-fragments, while no specific binding of BT4Cn cells to NCAM was observed. The BT4C and BT4Cn cell...

  14. SO(n)-Invariant Special Lagrangian Submanifolds of Cn+1 with Fixed Loci

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Let SO(n) act in the standard way on Cn and extend this action in the usual way toCn+1=C((+))Cn.It is shown that a nonsingular special Lagrangian submanifold L (∩) Cn+1 that is invariant under this SO(n)-action intersects the fixed C (∩) Cn+1 in a nonsingular real-analytic arc A (which may be empty). If n > 2, then A has no compact component.Conversely, an embedded, noncompact nonsingular real-analytic arc A (∩) C lies in an embedded nonsingular special Lagrangian submanifold that is SO(n)-invariant. The same existence result holds for compact A if n = 2. If A is connected, there exist n distinct nonsingular SO(n)-invariant special Lagrangian extensions of A such that any embedded nonsingular SO(n)-invariant special Lagrangian extension of A agrees with one of these n extensions in some open neighborhood of A.The method employed is an analysis of a singular nonlinear PDE and ultimately calls on the work of Gérard and Tahara to prove the existence of the extension.

  15. Phase evolution, microstructure and properties of Y2O3-doped TiCN-based cermets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙万昌; 张佩; 李攀; 佘晓林; 赵坤


    Y2O3-doped TiCN-based cermets were prepared by pressureless sintering with powders TiC, TiN, Ni, etc. as main starting materials. The influence of sintering processes and Y2O3on properties of TiCN-based cermets were investigated. The phase composi-tion of TiCN-based cermets almost had no change with Y2O3 addition. The fullly densified TiCN-based cermets were achieved by P-2 sitering process. The fracture surface showed lots of small dimples caused by hard phase particles pulling-off, and the left hard phase particles were attached to the arborous dendritic matrix. The Vickers hardness, fracture toughness and bending strength of TiCN-based cermets increased firstly and then decreased with the increment of Y2O3 content. When Y2O3 contents were both 0.8 wt.%, compared with the P-1 sintered samples, the Vickers hardness, fracture toughness and bending strength of the P-2 sintered sam-ples reached 14.84 GPa, 8.66 MPa·m1/2 and 660.4 MPa, which were increased by 7.9%, 6.1% and 45.8%, respectively.

  16. Circumstellar C2, CN, and CH+ in the optical spectra of post-AGB stars

    CERN Document Server

    Bakker, E J; Waters, L B F M; Schoenmaker, T; Bakker, Eric J.; Dishoeck, Ewine F. van; Schoenmaker, Ton


    We present optical high-resolution spectra of a sample of sixteen post-AGB stars and IRC +10216. Of the post-AGB stars, ten show C2 Phillips and Swan and CN Red System absorption, one CH+ emission, one CH+ absorption, and four without any molecules. We find typically Trot=43-399, 155-202, and 18-50 K, log N = 14.90-15.57, 14.35, and 15.03-16.47 cm-2 for C2, CH+, and CN respectively, and 0.620. The presence of C2 and CN absorption is correlated with cold dust (Tdust300K). All objects with the unidentified 21mum emission feature exhibit C2 and CN absorption, but not all objects with C2 and CN detections exhibit a 21mum feature. The derived expansion velocity, ranging from 5 to 44 km/s, is the same as that derived from CO millimeter line emission. This unambiguously proves that these lines are of circumstellar origin and are formed in the AGB ejecta (circumstellar shell expelled during the preceding AGB phase). Furthermore there seems to be a relation between the C2 molecular column density and the expansion vel...

  17. CN and C2 vibrational spectra analysis in molecular LIBS of organic materials (United States)

    Mousavi, S. J.; Hemati Farsani, M.; Darbani, S. M. R.; Mousaviazar, A.; Soltanolkotabi, M.; Eslami Majd, A.


    With the objective of investigation of the influence of molecular structure on CN violet and C2 Swan bands system spectra, plasma emissions from different organic materials, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, aromatic carboxylic acid, aliphatic carboxylic acid, amides and polymers, have been analyzed by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) technique in air. To evaluate the influence of N2 and O2 molecules concentration on the CN and C2 molecular emissions, LIB spectra of four different samples have been recorded in air (approximately 80 % N2 and 20 % O2), nitrogen, oxygen and argon atmospheres. Experimental results indicate that the main reason for the absence of C2 emission in LIB spectra of samples which do not contain C-C bonds, when measurements were taken in air, is the presence of oxygen which could potentially deplete C2 emission rather than the absence of C-C bonds in their structure. Also, comparisons between experiment and theory spectra are made using a Nelder-Mead temperature program for CN and C2 bands with the ∆ν = 0 sequences from LIB spectra of different samples in various atmospheres. Furthermore, CN and C2 vibrational temperatures in Kelvin (K) are calculated from these spectral fittings. Both CN and C2 vibrational temperatures have highest values in argon atmosphere, and increasing the oxygen concentration in ambient atmosphere decreased those in most cases.

  18. Application of GIS-based SCS-CN method in West Bank catchments, Palestine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sameer SHADEED


    Full Text Available Among the most basic challenges of hydrology are the prediction and quantification of catchment surface runoff. The runoff curve number (CN is a key factor in determining runoff in the SCS (Soil Conservation Service based hydrologic modeling method. The traditional SCS-CN method for calculating the composite curve number is very tedious and consumes a major portion of the hydrologic modeling time. Therefore, geographic information systems (GIS are now being used in combination with the SCS-CN method. This paper assesses the modeling of flow in West Bank catchments using the GIS-based SCS-CN method. The West Bank, Palestine, is characterized as an arid to semi-arid region with annual rainfall depths ranging between 100 mm in the vicinity of the Jordan River to 700 mm in the mountains extending across the central parts of the region. The estimated composite curve number for the entire West Bank is about 50 assuming dry conditions. This paper clearly demonstrates that the integration of GIS with the SCS-CN method provides a powerful tool for estimating runoff volumes in West Bank catchments, representing arid to semi-arid catchments of Palestine.

  19. Experimental investigation of wear characteristics on TiCN-coated AISI 410 steel (United States)

    Prabakaran, Vijayasarathi; Sivakumaran, Ilaiyavel; Palimar, Suresh Prabhu


    In this work, the dry sliding wear test of uncoated and multilayer TiCN-coated AISI 410 steel against high carbon steel disc recognized at 2.30267 ms-1 sliding speeds and under a three series load of 5, 10 and 20 N at room temperature. On account of the more coherent interface between TiCN and C probably found, there are high hardness and superior wear resistance. Compared to AISI 410 uncoated steel, the presence of C in the multilayer TiCN coatings leads to reduced coefficient of friction and wear loss. The multilayer TiCN coating is characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis, scanning electron microscopy, micro-hardness and pin-on-disc tribometer tests. The more grooving region, pits and ploughing ridge were examined on the worn surface of the AISI 410 uncoated steel. The result shows hard multilayer TiCN-coated particles viewing on the worn surface of the high carbon steel disc.

  20. Nuclear Quadrupole Hyperfine Structure in HC14N/H14NC and DC15N/D15NC Isomerization: A Diagnostic Tool for Characterizing Vibrational Localization

    CERN Document Server

    Wong, Bryan M


    Large-amplitude molecular motions which occur during isomerization can cause significant changes in electronic structure. These variations in electronic properties can be used to identify vibrationally-excited eigenstates which are localized along the potential energy surface. This work demonstrates that nuclear quadrupole hyperfine interactions can be used as a diagnostic marker of progress along the isomerization path in both the HC14N/H14NC and DC15N/D15NC chemical systems. Ab initio calculations at the CCSD(T)/cc-pCVQZ level indicate that the hyperfine interaction is extremely sensitive to the chemical bonding of the quadrupolar 14N nucleus and can therefore be used to determine in which potential well the vibrational wavefunction is localized. A natural bonding orbital analysis along the isomerization path further demonstrates that hyperfine interactions arise from the asphericity of the electron density at the quadrupolar nucleus. Using the CCSD(T) potential surface, the quadrupole coupling constants of...

  1. Multi-agent System for Process Planning in Step-nc Based Manufacturing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Du


    Full Text Available In order to realize STEP-NC-oriented computer numerical control machining and achieve optimal performance in manufacturing, a multi-agent system for process planning in STEP-NC based manufacturing was designed. By analyzing the characteristic of STEP-NC data model, a manufacturing feature-oriented process planning method was proposed in this study and the distributed artificial intelligence methods, namely collaborative multi-agent was employed to accomplish process planning of part. The proposed multi-agent system consists of three types of autonomous agents, which are global manager agents, planning agents and manufacturing resource agents, respectively. Process planning can be automatically completed by multiple agents’ cooperation. Each agent is capable of communicating to each other through improved Knowledge Query and Manipulation Language (KQML. At last, one test part was designed and simulated to demonstrate the capabilities of this research in the study.

  2. Non-convex prior image constrained compressed sensing (NC-PICCS) (United States)

    Ramírez Giraldo, Juan Carlos; Trzasko, Joshua D.; Leng, Shuai; McCollough, Cynthia H.; Manduca, Armando


    The purpose of this paper is to present a new image reconstruction algorithm for dynamic data, termed non-convex prior image constrained compressed sensing (NC-PICCS). It generalizes the prior image constrained compressed sensing (PICCS) algorithm with the use of non-convex priors. Here, we concentrate on perfusion studies using computed tomography examples in simulated phantoms (with and without added noise) and in vivo data, to show how the NC-PICCS method holds potential for dramatic reductions in radiation dose for time-resolved CT imaging. We show that NC-PICCS can provide additional undersampling compared to conventional convex compressed sensing and PICCS, as well as, faster convergence under a quasi-Newton numerical solver.

  3. Large Nc deconfinement transition in the presence of a magnetic field (United States)

    Fraga, Eduardo S.; Noronha, Jorge; Palhares, Letícia F.


    We investigate the effect of a homogeneous magnetic field on the thermal deconfinement transition of QCD in the large Nc limit. First we discuss how the critical temperature decreases due to the inclusion of Nf≪Nc flavors of massless quarks in comparison to the pure glue case. Then we study the equivalent correction in the presence of an external Abelian magnetic field. To leading order in Nf/Nc, the deconfinement critical temperature decreases with the magnetic field if the flavor contribution to the pressure behaves paramagnetically, with a sufficiently large magnetization as to overcome any possible magnetic effects in the string tension. Finally, we discuss the effects from a finite quark mass and its competition with magnetic effects.

  4. The NC Power Supply Design of Large Current and Wide Frequency Pulse in SEAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianping Zhou


    Full Text Available There are a lot of ways to achieve large current pulse power supply, and the more common way is to adopt the inverter switching circuit to achieve pulse power supply. The core of the NC power supply design of large current and wide frequency pulse in SEAM is using two-stage modulation. Combined with inverter technology, DC chopper technology and NC technology, it not only can achieve the adjustability of the output pulse amplitude, but also can realize continuous adjustment of the output pulses and the duty cycle. The front stage of power supply uses DC/DC transformation circuit with the UC3879 integrated control chip as the core. With the microcontroller as the control core, the backward stage uses DC chopper circuit to achieve the NC power supply of multi-parameter adjustable output large current pulse.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Liuru; Mo Jianhua; Xiao Xiangzhi


    The forming principle and deformation analysis of NC incremental sheet metal forming process as well as the process planning, experiment and key process parameters of vertical wall square box forming are presented. Because the deformation of sheet metal only occurs around the tool head and the deformed region is subjected to stretch deformation, the deformed region of sheet metal thins, and surface area increases. Sheet metal forming stepwise is to lead to the whole sheet metal deformation. The forming half-apex angle θ and corner radius R are the main process parameters in NC incremental forming of vertical wall square box. According to sine law, a vertical wall square box can't be formed by NC incremental sheet metal forming process in a single process, rather, it must be formed in multi processes. Thus, the parallel line type tool path process method is presented to form the vertical wall square box, and the experiment and analysis are made to verify it.

  6. Max-Flow Problem in Undirected Planar Networks with Node Capacities Being in NC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xian-Chao Zhang; Ying-Yu Wan; Guo-Liang Chen


    The max-flow problem in planar networks with only edge capacities has been proved to be in NC (Nickle's Class). This paper considers a more general version of the problem when the nodes as well as the edges have capacities. In a general network, the node-edge-capacity problem can be easily reduced to the edge-capacity problem. But in the case of planar network this reduction may destroy the planarity, and reduces the problem to the edge-capacity problem in a general network, which is P-complete. A recent contribution presents a new reduction for planar networks, that maintains the planarity. In this paper, it is proved that this reduction is in NC and thus the node-edge-capacity problem in undirected planar networks is in NC.

  7. Guide update Severe Accident Management (SAMG) of CN. Almaraz post Fukushima; Actualizacion de las Guias de Gestion de Accidente Severo (GGAS) de CN. Almaraz post Fukushima

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez Fanegas, R.; Aguado Miquel, F.; Tanarro Onrubia, A.; Uruburu Rodriguez, A.


    The work is part of the activities carried out by CN. Almaraz in applying lessons learned from the Fukushima accident. The achievement of this objective requires a substantial change in the Guidelines Severe Accident Management (SAMG), starting with the adaptation of the Revision 2 of the Generic Guidelines (SAMG) Owners Group (PWROG, January 2013), which is the work is the fundamental part of this paper. (Author)

  8. Role of the NC-loop in catalytic activity and stability in lipase from Fervidobacterium changbaicum.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Binchun Li

    Full Text Available Flexible NC-loops between the catalytic domain and the cap domain of the α/β hydrolase fold enzymes show remarkable diversity in length, sequence, and configuration. Recent investigations have suggested that the NC-loop might be involved in catalysis and substrate recognition in many enzymes from the α/β hydrolase fold superfamily. To foster a deep understanding of its role in catalysis, stability, and divergent evolution, we here systemically investigated the function of the NC-loop (residues 131-151 in a lipase (FClip1 from thermophilic bacterium Fervidobacterium changbaicum by loop deletion, alanine-scanning mutagenesis and site-directed mutagenesis. We found that the upper part of the NC-loop (residues 131-138 was of great importance to enzyme catalysis. Single substitutions in this region could fine-tune the activity of FClip1 as much as 41-fold, and any deletions from this region rendered the enzyme completely inactive. The lower part of the NC-loop (residues 139-151 was capable of enduring extensive deletions without loss of activity. The shortened mutants in this region were found to show both improved activity and increased stability simultaneously. We therefore speculated that the NC-loop, especially the lower part, would be a perfect target for enzyme engineering to optimize the enzymatic properties, and might present a hot zone for the divergent evolution of α/β hydrolases. Our findings may provide an opportunity for better understanding of the mechanism of divergent evolution in the α/β hydrolase fold superfamily, and may also guide the design of novel biocatalysts for industrial applications.

  9. Tricolor microcavity OLEDs based on P-nc-Si:H films as the complex anodes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Yang; Liu Xingyuan; Wu Chunya; Meng Zhiguo; Wang Yi; Xiong Shaozhen


    A P+-nc-Si:H film (boron-doped nc-Si:H thin film) was used as a complex anode of an OLED. As an ideal candidate for the composite anode, the P+-nc-Si:H thin film has a good conductivity with a high work function (~5.7 eV) and outstanding optical properties of high reflectivity, transmission, and a very low absorption. As a result, the combination of the relatively high reflectivity of a P+-nc-Si:H film/ITO complex anode with the very high reflectivity of an Al cathode could form a micro-cavity structure with a certain Q to improve the efficiency of the OLED fabricated on it. An RGB pixel generated by microcavity OLEDs is beneficial for both the reduction of the light loss and the improvement of the color purity and the efficiency. The small molecule Alq would be useful for the emitting light layer (EML) of the MOLED, and the P+-nc-Si film would be used as a complex anode of the MOLED, whose configuration can be constructed as Glass/LTO/P+-nc-Si:H/ITO/MoO3/NPB/Alq/LiF/Al. By adjusting the thickness of the organic layer NPB/Alq, the optical length of the microcavity and the REB colors of the device can be obtained. The peak wavelengths of an OLED are located at 486, 550, and 608 nm, respectively.The CIE coordinates are (0.21,0.45), (0.33,0.63), and (0.54,0.54), and the full widths at half maximum (FWHM)are 35, 32, and 39 nm for red, green, and blue, respectively.

  10. Thermodynamic study of CN~- ion inhibition of Jack bean urease using the extended solvation theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    G. Rezaei Behbehani; A.A. Saboury; M. Mohebbian; S. Tahmasbi Sarvestani; M. Poorheravi


    Cyanide ion was studied as an inhibitor of Jack bean urease at 300 K in 30 mmol/L tris buffer, Ph 7. The inhibition was investigated by isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). The extended solvation model was used for CN~- + JBU interaction over the whole range of CN~- concentrations. The binding parameters recovered from the solvation model were attributed to the cyanide ion interaction. It was found that cyanide ion acted as a non-cooperative inhibitor of urease, and there is a set of 12 ± 0.12 identical and independent binding sites for CN~- ions. The dissociation equilibrium constant is 749.99 μmol/L. The molar enthalpy of binding is △H=-13.60 KJ mol~(-1).

  11. Co-composting of green waste and food waste at low C/N ratio. (United States)

    Kumar, Mathava; Ou, Yan-Liang; Lin, Jih-Gaw


    In this study, co-composting of food waste and green waste at low initial carbon to nitrogen (C/N) ratios was investigated using an in-vessel lab-scale composting reactor. The central composite design (CCD) and response surface method (RSM) were applied to obtain the optimal operating conditions over a range of preselected moisture contents (45-75%) and C/N ratios (13.9-19.6). The results indicate that the optimal moisture content for co-composting of food waste and green waste is 60%, and the substrate at a C/N ratio of 19.6 can be decomposed effectively to reduce 33% of total volatile solids (TVS) in 12days. The TVS reduction can be modeled by using a second-order equation with a good fit. In addition, the compost passes the standard germination index of white radish seed indicating that it can be used as soil amendment.

  12. Preliminary verification of structure design for CN HCCB TBM with 1 × 4 configuration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao, Zhou, E-mail:; Zhou, Bing; Wang, Qijie; Cao, Qixiang; Feng, Kaiming; Wang, Xiaoyu; Zhang, Guoshu


    Highlights: • A new and simplification structural design scheme with 1 × 4 configuration is proposed for CN HCCB TBM. • The detail conceptual structural design for 1 × 4 TBM is completed. • The preliminary hydraulic analysis, thermo-hydraulic analysis and structural analysis for 1 × 4 TBM had been carried out. - Abstract: Based on the conceptual design of CN HCCB TBM with 1 × 4 configuration, the preliminary hydraulic analysis, thermo-hydraulic analysis and structural analysis had been carried out for it. Hydraulic and thermo-hydraulic analyses show that the coolant manifold system could meet the fluid design requirement preliminarily and the temperature of RAFMs structural parts, Be and Li{sub 4}SiO{sub 4} pebble beds are within the allowable range, and no zone shows a stress higher than the allowable limit in the preliminary structural analysis. These results indicate the design for CN HCCB TBM with 1 × 4 configuration is preliminary reasonable.

  13. Synthesis of polypyrrole within the cell wall of yeast by redox-cycling of [Fe(CN)6](3-)/[Fe(CN)6](4-). (United States)

    Ramanavicius, Arunas; Andriukonis, Eivydas; Stirke, Arunas; Mikoliunaite, Lina; Balevicius, Zigmas; Ramanaviciene, Almira


    Yeast cells are often used as a model system in various experiments. Moreover, due to their high metabolic activity, yeast cells have a potential to be applied as elements in the design of biofuel cells and biosensors. However a wider application of yeast cells in electrochemical systems is limited due to high electric resistance of their cell wall. In order to reduce this problem we have polymerized conducting polymer polypyrrole (Ppy) directly in the cell wall and/or within periplasmic membrane. In this research the formation of Ppy was induced by [Fe(CN)6](3-)ions, which were generated from K4[Fe(CN)6], which was initially added to polymerization solution. The redox process was catalyzed by oxido-reductases, which are present in the plasma membrane of yeast cells. The formation of Ppy was confirmed by spectrophotometry and atomic force microscopy. It was confirmed that the conducting polymer polypyrrole was formed within periplasmic space and/or within the cell wall of yeast cells, which were incubated in solution containing pyrrole, glucose and [Fe(CN)6](4-). After 24h drying at room temperature we have observed that Ppy-modified yeast cell walls retained their initial spherical form. In contrast to Ppy-modified cells, the walls of unmodified yeast have wrinkled after 24h drying. The viability of yeast cells in the presence of different pyrrole concentrations has been evaluated.

  14. NC plane waves, Casimir effect and flux tube potential with L\\"uscher terms

    CERN Document Server

    Kováčik, Samuel


    We analyze plane waves in a model of quantum mechanics in a three dimensional noncommutative (NC) space $R^3_{\\lambda}$. Signature features of NC models are impossibility of probing distances smaller than a certain length scale {\\lambda} and a presence of natural energetic cut-off at energy scale of order $1/{\\lambda}^2$ (in convenient units). We analyze consequences of such restrictions on a 1 dimensional Casimir effect. The result shows resemblance to flux tube potential for quark-antiquark pairs and to effective bosonic string theories with L\\"uscher terms. Such behavior might effect the radius of possible compact (fuzzy) dimensions.

  15. A Search for Neutrino Induced Coherent NC($\\pi^{0}$) Production in the MINOS Near Detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cherdack, Daniel David [Tufts Univ., Medford, MA (United States)


    The production of single, highly forward π0 mesons by NC coherent neutrino-nucleus interactions (νμ + N → νμ + N + π0) is a process which probes fundamental aspects of the weak interaction. This reaction may also pose as a limiting background for long baseline searches for νμ → νe oscillations if the neutrino mixing angle θ13 is very small. The high-statistics sample of neutrino interactions recorded by the MINOS Near Detector provides an opportunity to measure the cross section of this coherent reaction on a relatively large-A nucleus at an average Ev = 4.9 GeV. A major challenge for this measurement is the isolation of forward-going electromagnetic (EM) showers produced by the relatively rare coherent NC0) process amidst an abundant rate of incoherently produced EM showers. The backgrounds arise from single π0 dominated NC events and also from quasi-elastic-like CC scattering of electron neutrinos. In this Thesis the theory of coherent interactions is summarized, and previous measurements of the coherent NC0) cross section are reviewed. Then, methods for selecting a sample of coherent NC0) like events, extracting the coherent NC0) event rate from that sample, estimating the analysis uncertainties, and calculating a cross section, are presented. A signal for neutrino-induced NC0) production is observed in the relevant kinematic regime as an excess of events of three standard deviations above background. The reaction cross sections, averaged over an energy window of 2.5 ≤ Ev ≤ 9.0 GeV is determined to be (31.6±10.5) x 10-40 cm2/nucleus. The result is the first evidence obtained for neutrino-nucleus coherent NC0) scattering on iron, and is the first measurement on an average nuclear target above A = 30. The cross section measurement

  16. Large Nc Deconfinement Transition in the Presence of a Magnetic Field

    CERN Document Server

    Fraga, Eduardo S; Palhares, Leticia F


    We investigate the effect of a homogeneous magnetic field on the thermal deconfinement transition of QCD in the large $N_c$ limit. First we discuss how the critical temperature decreases due to the inclusion of $N_f \\ll N_c$ flavors of massless quarks. Then we study the equivalent correction in the presence of an external Abelian magnetic field. To leading order in $N_{f}/N_{c}$, the fact that the deconfinement critical temperature decreases with the magnetic field depends solely on quarks behaving paramagnetically. Finally, we discuss the effects from a finite quark mass and its competition with magnetic effects.

  17. Temperature variation of optical parameters in nc-CdSe thin films (United States)

    Sharma, Kriti; Al-Kabbi, Alaa S.; Saini, G. S. S.; Tripathi, S. K.


    The nanocrystalline thin films of Cd30Se70 are prepared by thermal vaccum evaporation technique using Inert Gas Condensation method at room temperature. The transmission spectra are recorded using Monochromator-spectrograph [SOLAR TII, MS 2004] in the transmission range 400-850 nm for nc-CdSe thin films. Temperature dependence of energy gap (Eg), refractive index (n) for nc-CdSe thin films have been studied from 290 K to 370 K through the transmission spectra using Swanepoel method. It has been observed that energy gap decreases and refractive index increases with increase in temperature.


    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Podio, L.; Codella, C. [INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, I-50125, Florence (Italy); Kamp, I.; Meijerink, R.; Spaans, M. [Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen (Netherlands); Nisini, B. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, via di Frascati 33, I-00040, Monte Porzio Catone (Italy); Aresu, G. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Cagliari, Via della Scienza 5, I-09047, Selargius (Italy); Brittain, S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, 118 Kinard Laboratory, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 (United States); Cabrit, S.; Dougados, C.; Thi, W.-F. [UJF-Grenoble 1/CNRS-INSU, Institut de Planétologie et d' Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG) UMR 5274, Grenoble, F-38041 (France); Grady, C. [Eureka Scientific, 2452 Delmer, Suite 100, Oakland, CA 96002 (United States); Sandell, G. [SOFIA-USRA, NASA Ames Research Center, MS 232-12, Building N232, Rm. 146, P.O. Box 1, Moffett Field, CA 94035-0001 (United States); White, G. J. [Department of Physical Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA (United Kingdom); Woitke, P. [SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, KY16 9SS (United Kingdom)


    We present spectrally resolved observations of the young multiple system T Tau in atomic and molecular lines obtained with the Heterodyne Instrument for the Far Infrared on board Herschel. While CO, H{sub 2}O, [C II], and SO lines trace the envelope and the outflowing gas up to velocities of 33 km s{sup –1} with respect to systemic, the CN 5-4 hyperfine structure lines at 566.7, 566.9 GHz show a narrow double-peaked profile centered at systemic velocity, consistent with an origin in the outer region of the compact disk of T Tau N. Disk modeling of the T Tau N disk with the thermo-chemical code ProDiMo produces CN line fluxes and profiles consistent with the observed ones and constrain the size of the gaseous disk (R{sub out}=110{sub −20}{sup +10} AU) and its inclination (i = 25°± 5°). The model indicates that the CN lines originate in a disk upper layer at 40-110 AU from the star, which is irradiated by the stellar UV field and heated up to temperatures of 50-700 K. With respect to previously observed CN 2-1 millimeter lines, the CN 5-4 lines appear to be less affected by envelope emission, due to their larger critical density and excitation temperature. Hence, high-J CN lines are a unique confusion-free tracer of embedded disks, such as the disk of T Tau N.

  19. The higher-order C_n dispersion coefficients for hydrogen

    CERN Document Server

    Mitroy, J


    The complete set of 2nd, 3rd and 4th order van der Waals coefficients, C_n up to n=32 for the H(1s)-H(1s) dimer are computed using pseudo-states to evaluate the appropriate sum rules. A study of the convergence pattern for n<=16 indicates that all the C_n (n<=16) coefficients are accurate to 13 significant digits. The relative size of the 4th-order C^4_n to the 2nd-order C^2_n coefficients is seen to increase as n increases and at n=32 the 4th-order term is actually larger.

  20. Preparation of patterned SiC and SiCN microstructures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG; Hao; SUNG; In-kyung; LI; Xiaodong; KIM; Dong-pyo


    Patterned SiC and SiCN microstructures were successfully fabricated on the silicon substrates by using polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) elastometric stamp as template, polycarbosilane (PCS) and polysilazane (PSZ) as preceramic polymers. The preparing process was followed by precursor infiltration, the curing of the precursor, demolding of the template and pyrolysis of the cured preceramic polymer pattern. It shows that the dimensions of the ceramic patterns can be tailored by using the PDMS molds with different dimensions. The produced ceramic microstructures can be potentially applied in high temperature and high pressure environments due to the advanced properties of the SiC and SiCN ceramics.

  1. A One-Dimensional Magnet Based on [Mo(III)(CN)7](4.). (United States)

    Wei, Xiao-Qin; Qian, Kun; Wei, Hai-Yan; Wang, Xin-Yi


    Self-assembly of the [Mo(III)(CN)7](4-) anion and the Mn(II) unit with a macrocyclic ligand results in the first example of a one-dimensional (1D) chain compound based on the heptacyanomolybdate, [Mn(LN5C10)]2[Mo(CN)7]·2H2O (LN5C10 = 1,4,7,10,13-pentaazacyclopentadecane). Because of the existence of the interchain magnetic coupling, long-rang magnetic ordering was observed in this compound.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Xiaosong; Liu Taishun


    In this article, a normalized biholomorphic mapping f defined on bounded starlike circular domain in Cn is considered, where z = 0 is a zero of order k + 1 of f(z) - z.The sharp growth, covering theorems for almost starlike mappings of order α and starlike mappings of order α are established. Meanwhile, the construction of the above mappings on bounded starlike circular domain in Cn is also discussed, it provides the extremal mappings for the growth, covering theorems of the above mappings.

  3. The Possible Interstellar Anion CH2CN-: Spectroscopic Constants, Vibrational Frequencies, and Other Considerations (United States)

    Fortenberry, Ryan C.; Crawford, T. Daniel; Lee, Timothy J.


    The A 1B1 anion (CH2CN??) has been hypothesized as the carrier for one di use interstellar band. However, this particular molecular system has not been detected in the interstellar medium even though the related cyanomethyl radical and the isoelectronic ketenimine molecule have been found. In this study we are employing the use of proven quartic force elds and second-order vibrational perturbation theory to compute accurate spectroscopic constants and fundamental vibrational frequencies for X 1A0 CH2CN?? in order to assist in laboratory studies and astronomical observations. Keywords: Astrochemistry, ISM: molecular anions, Quartic force elds, Rotational constants, Vibrational frequencies

  4. Tribological development of TiCN coatings by adjusting the flowing rate of reactive gases (United States)

    Tillmann, Wolfgang; Momeni, Soroush


    TiCN coatings were deposited by means of direct current magnetron sputtering of Ti targets in presence of N2 and C2H2 reactive gases. The microstructure, composition, mechanical and tribological properties of the deposited thin films were analyzed by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), nanoindentation, ball-on-disc, scratch test, and three dimensional (3D) optical microscopy. The obtained results presents a reproducible processing route for tailoring microstructure, mechanical and tribological behavior of TiCN coatings by controlling flowing rate of the reactive gases.

  5. Characterisation of dihydroazulene and vinylheptafulvene derivatives using Raman spectroscopy: The CN-stretching region (United States)

    Hansen, Anne S.; Mackeprang, Kasper; Broman, Søren L.; Hansen, Mia Harring; Gertsen, Anders S.; Kildgaard, Jens V.; Nielsen, Ole Faurskov; Mikkelsen, Kurt V.; Nielsen, Mogens Brøndsted; Kjaergaard, Henrik G.


    The effect of adding electron donating and withdrawing groups on the dihydroazulene (DHA)/vinylheptafulvene (VHF) photochromic system has been investigated using Raman spectroscopy in CS2 solutions. The photoswitching between DHA and VHF is often characterised with UV-Vis spectroscopy. However, Raman spectroscopy can also be used for this purpose and give structural insight, as the light induced ring-opening from DHA to VHF causes changes in the CN-stretching frequencies. The CN-stretching frequencies in DHA and VHF are isolated and optimal for the identification of DHA and VHF. The DHA system is also investigated in the solid state.

  6. Property of cn - nbar cbar System in U(12)-Scheme and X(3872),Y(3940)

    CERN Document Server

    Ishida, M


    The properties of four quark cn - nbar cbar states are investigated as cn di-quark and nbar cbar di-antiquark system in U(12)-classification scheme of hadrons. We consider the negative-parity di-quark and di-antiquark in ground states, and the properties of X(3872) and Y(3940) are consistent, respectively, with those of the JPC=1++ and 2++ states from these negative-parity di-quark and di-antiquark. Their narrow-widths are explained from a kind of conservation law, called rho3-line rule. The properties of ground-state cs - sbar cbar system are also predicted in this scheme.

  7. Kinetic isotope effects in the gas phase reactions of OH and Cl with CH3Cl, CD3Cl, and 13CH3Cl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. R. Sellevåg


    Full Text Available The kinetic isotope effects in the reactions of CH3Cl, 13CH3Cl and CD3Cl with OH radicals and Cl atoms were studied in relative rate experiments at 298±2K and 1013±10mbar. The reactions were carried out in a smog chamber using long path FTIR detection and the spectroscopic data analyzed employing a non-linear least squares spectral fitting method using measured high-resolution infrared spectra as well as absorption cross sections from the HITRAN database. The reaction rates of 13CH3Cl and CD3Cl with OH and Cl were determined relative to CH3Cl as: kOH + CH3Cl/kOH + 13CH3Cl=1.059±0.008, kOH + CH3Cl/kOH + CD3Cl=3.9±0.4, kCl + CH3Cl/kCl + 13CH3Cl=1.070±0.010 and kCl + CH3Cl/kCl + CD3Cl=4.91±0.07. The uncertainties given are 2σ from the statistical analyses and do not include possible systematic errors. The unusually large 13C kinetic isotope effect in the OH reaction of CH3Cl has important implications for the global emission inventory of CH3Cl.

  8. Microarray analysis of ncRNA expression patterns in Caenorhabditis elegans after RNAi against snoRNA associated proteins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skogerbø Geir


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Short non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs perform their cellular functions in ribonucleoprotein (RNP complexes, which are also essential for maintaining the stability of the ncRNAs. Depletion of individual protein components of non-coding ribonucleoprotein (ncRNP particles by RNA interference (RNAi may therefore affect expression levels of the corresponding ncRNA, and depletion of candidate associated proteins may constitute an alternative strategy when investigating ncRNA-protein interactions and ncRNA functions. Therefore, we carried out a pilot study in which the effects of RNAi against protein components of small nucleolar RNPs (snoRNPs in Caenorhabditis elegans were observed on an ncRNA microarray. Results RNAi against individual C. elegans protein components of snoRNPs produced strongly reduced mRNA levels and distinct phenotypes for all targeted proteins. For each type of snoRNP, individual depletion of at least three of the four protein components produced significant (P ≦ 1.2 × 10-5 reductions in the expression levels of the corresponding small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs, whereas the expression levels of other ncRNAs were largely unaffected. The effects of depletion of individual proteins were in accordance with snoRNP structure analyses obtained in other species for all but two of the eight targeted proteins. Variations in snoRNA size, sequence and secondary structure characteristics were not systematically reflected in the affinity for individual protein component of snoRNPs. The data supported the classification of nearly all annotated snoRNAs and suggested the presence of several novel snoRNAs among unclassified short ncRNA transcripts. A number of transcripts containing canonical Sm binding element sequences (Sm Y RNAs also showed reduced expression after depletion of protein components of C/D box snoRNPs, whereas the expression of some stem-bulge RNAs (sbRNAs was increased after depletion of the same proteins. Conclusion

  9. A missing high-spin molecule in the family of cyano-bridged heptanuclear heterometal complexes, [(LCuII)6FeIII(CN)6]3+, and its CoIII and CrIII analogues, accompanied in the crystal by a novel octameric water cluster

    CERN Document Server

    Maxim, Catalin; Khuntia, Panchanana; Madalan, Augustin M; Lascialfari, Alessandro; Caneschi, Andrea; Journauxe, Yves; Andruh, Marius; 10.1039/b924505g


    Three isostructural cyano-bridged heptanuclear complexes, [{CuII(saldmen)(H2O)}6{MIII(CN)6}](ClO4)3$\\cdotp$8H2O (M = FeIII 2; CoIII, 3; CrIII 4), have been obtained by reacting the binuclear copper(II) complex, [Cu2(saldmen)2(mu-H2O)(H2O)2](ClO4)2$\\cdotp$2H2O 1, with K3[Co(CN)6], K4[Fe(CN)6], and, respectively, K3[Cr(CN)6] (Hsaldmen is the Schiff base resulted from the condensation of salicylaldehyde with N,N-dimethylethylenediamine). A unique octameric water cluster, with bicyclo[2,2,2]octane-like structure, is sandwiched between the heptanuclear cations in 2, 3 and 4. The cryomagnetic investigations of compounds 2 and 4 reveal ferromagnetic couplings of the central FeIII or CrIII ions with the CuII ions (JCuFe = +0.87 cm-1, JCuCr = +30.4 cm-1). The intramolecular Cu-Cu exchange interaction in 3, across the diamagnetic cobalt(III) ion, is -0.3 cm-1. The solid-state1H-NMR spectra of compounds 2 and 3 have been investigated.

  10. OpenCL programming guide

    CERN Document Server

    Munshi, Aaftab; Mattson, Timothy G; Fung, James; Ginsburg, Dan


    Using the new OpenCL (Open Computing Language) standard, you can write applications that access all available programming resources: CPUs, GPUs, and other processors such as DSPs and the Cell/B.E. processor. Already implemented by Apple, AMD, Intel, IBM, NVIDIA, and other leaders, OpenCL has outstanding potential for PCs, servers, handheld/embedded devices, high performance computing, and even cloud systems. This is the first comprehensive, authoritative, and practical guide to OpenCL 1.1 specifically for working developers and software architects. Written by five leading OpenCL authorities, OpenCL Programming Guide covers the entire specification. It reviews key use cases, shows how OpenCL can express a wide range of parallel algorithms, and offers complete reference material on both the API and OpenCL C programming language. Through complete case studies and downloadable code examples, the authors show how to write complex parallel programs that decompose workloads across many different devices. They...

  11. Cloning and Prokaryotic Expression of NcSRS2 Gene of Neospora caninum%犬新孢子虫NcSRS2基因片段的克隆及原核表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁德; 贾立军; 其木格; 薛书江; 张守发


    以含有犬新孢子虫NcSRS2基因的质粒pMD18-NcSRS2为模板,应用PCR方法扩增NcSRS2基因,将该基因片段克隆至原核表达栽体pGEX-4T-2,构建了重组表达质粒pGEX-NcSRS2,转化大肠杆菌BL21中并诱导表达.结果显示,克隆的基因片段长1100bp,SDS-PAGE、Western blotting分析显示,重组质粒pGEX-NcSRS2在大肠杆菌中得到了高效表达.

  12. Energy-transfer rate in crystals of double-complex salts composed of [Ru(N-N)3](2+) (N-N = 2,2'-bipyridine or 1,10-phenanthroline) and [Cr(CN)6](3-): effect of relative orientation between donor and acceptor. (United States)

    Otsuka, T; Sekine, A; Fujigasaki, N; Ohashi, Y; Kaizu, Y


    A block single-crystal was obtained using a diffusion method with a concentrated acetone-water (vol. 1/1) solution of [Ru(phen)(3)]Cl(2).6H(2)O (phen = 1,10-phenanthroline) and a concentrated aqueous solution of K(3)[Cr(CN)(6)], without evaporating solvents. The crystal was identified as a double-complex salt including two acetone and fourteen solvent water molecules, [Ru(phen)(3)](2)[Cr(CN)(6)]Cl.2(CH(3))(2)CO.14H(2)O (1). Measurement of the X-ray diffraction pattern of the double-complex salt was performed using an X-ray diffractometer with an Imaging-Plate (IP) Weissenberg camera. 1 crystallizes in the triclinic space group P1, with a = 13.930(5) A, b = 14.783(5) A, c = 11.137(6) A, alpha = 89.87(4) degrees, beta = 107.47(3) degrees, gamma = 96.68(3) degrees, and Z = 2. The crystal structure is very different from that of [Ru(bpy)(3)](2)[Cr(CN)(6)]Cl.8H(2)O (2) (bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine), which could be obtained using the same procedure and crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2, with a = 22.414(2) A, b = 13.7686(15) A, c = 22.207(2) A, beta = 90.713(8) degrees, and Z = 4. The distance between the central-metal ions of ruthenium(II) and chromium(III) complexes in [Ru(phen)(3)](2)[Cr(CN)(6)]Cl.2(CH(3))(2)CO.14H(2)O (7.170 A) is shorter than that in [Ru(bpy)(3)](2)[Cr(CN)(6)]Cl.8H(2)O (9.173 A) by about 2 A, while the rate of energy transfer from the (3)MLCT state of [Ru(N-N)(3)](2+) to the (2)E(g) state of [Cr(CN)(6)](3-) in the former salt (9.5 x 10(5) s(-1)) is far slower than that in the latter one (6.0 x 10(6) s(-1)) at 77 K. These results indicate that the energy-transfer rate strongly depends, not upon the distance between central metal ions, rather, upon the mutual relative orientation between the donor and the acceptor complexes in double-complex salts.

  13. 76 FR 14970 - National Starch and Chemical Company, Salisbury, Rowan County, NC; Notice of Settlement (United States)


    ... AGENCY National Starch and Chemical Company, Salisbury, Rowan County, NC; Notice of Settlement AGENCY... National Starch and Chemical Company Site located in Mobile, Mobile County, Alabama for publication. DATES..., identified by Docket ID No. EPA-RO4- SFUND-2011-0278 or Site name National Starch and Chemical...


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Y.H. Lu; Z.F. Zhou; P. Sit; Y.G. Shen; K.Y. Li; H. Chen


    Several nc-TiN/a-TiB2 thin films comprised of nanocrystalline (nc-) TiN and amorphous (a-) TiB2phases were deposited on Si(100)at room temperature by reactive unbalanced dc magnetron sputtering, followed by vacuum annealed at 400, 600, 800 and 1000℃ for 1h, respectively. Effects of B content on microstructure, mechanical behaviors and thermal microstructure stability have been investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and nanoindentation measurements. The results indicated that B addition greatly affected both microstructure and mechanieal behavior of nc-TiN/a-TiB2 thin films. With increasing B content the grain size decreased. A maximum hardness value of about 33GPa was obtained at B content of about 19at. %. The improved mechanical properties of nc-TiN/a-TiB2films with the addition of B into TiN were attributed to their densified microstructure with development of fine grain size. Only addition of sufficient B could restrain grain growth during annealing. High B content resulted in high microstructure stability. The crystallization of amorphous matrix occurred at about 800℃, forming TiB or TiB2 crystallite, depending on B content. Before that no change in bonding configuration was found.

  15. 77 FR 50444 - Safety Zone, Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway; Carolina Beach, NC (United States)


    ... Beach, NC AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking. SUMMARY: The Coast Guard... Carolina Beach, North Carolina. The safety zone is necessary to provide for the safety of mariners on..., mile 295.6, at Carolina Beach, North Carolina. The safety zone will temporarily restrict...

  16. CyNC - towards a General Tool for Performance Analysis of Complex Distributed Real Time Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schiøler, Henrik; Jessen, Jan Jakob; Nielsen, Jens F. Dalsgaard


    The paper addresses the current state and the ongoing activities of a tool for performance analysis of complex real time systems. The tool named CyNC is based on network calculus allowing for the computation of backlogs and delays in a system from specified lower and upper bounds of external...

  17. Cloning and prokaryotic expression of the NcSRS2 gene from Xinjiang Nc-1 strain of Neospora caninum%犬新孢子虫新疆Nc-1株NcSRS2基因的克隆及原核表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨帆; 陈亮; 王莲芳; 巴音查汗


    根据GenBank中犬新孢子虫NcSRS2基因序列设计了1对引物,从新孢子虫病阳性牛血液中提取总DNA,经PCR扩增NcSRS2基因,将其插入原核表达质粒pGEX-4T-2中,重组质粒pGEX-4T-NcSRS2经测序确定后,转入表达菌株BL21,优化其表达条件,并探讨了GST-NcSRS2蛋白的生物活性.结果显示,在37℃条件下,经终浓度为0.5 mmol/L的IPTG诱导表达4 h后,获得融合蛋白.Western-blot分析表明该融合蛋白可与相应抗体发生特异性结合,rELISA检测与弓形虫和布鲁氏菌阳性血清无交叉反应.

  18. Ni-toughened nc-TiN/a-SiNx nanocomposite thin films

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhang, Sam; Sun, Deen; Fu, Yongqing; Pei, Y.T.; Hosson, J.Th.M. De


    Nanocomposite nc-TiN/a-SiNx thin films containing Ni up to similar to 40 at.% were prepared by co-sputtering of Ti, TiNi and Si3N4 targets in ArN2 gas atmosphere. Adjusting TiNi/(Ti+TiNi) target power ratio altered chemical composition, microstructure and consequently mechanical properties. X-ray ph

  19. 75 FR 54024 - Drawbridge Operation Regulation; Trent River, New Bern, NC (United States)


    ... water. On behalf of the National Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Society and the City of New Bern NC, the North... Bern Ride and the City of New Bern Heritage Parade. Under this deviation, the drawbridge would be..., 2010 and Sunday, September 12, 2010, respectively; and for the City of New Bern Heritage Parade from...

  20. The parity-violating nucleon-nucleon force in the 1/N_c expansion

    CERN Document Server

    Phillips, Daniel R; Schat, Carlos


    Several experimental investigations have observed parity violation in nuclear systems-a consequence of the weak force between quarks. We apply the $1/N_c$ expansion of QCD to the P-violating T-conserving component of the nucleon-nucleon (NN) potential. We show there are two leading-order operators, both of which affect $\\vec{p}p$ scattering at order $N_c$. We find an additional four operators at $O(N_c^0 \\sin^2 \\theta_W)$ and six at $O(1/N_c)$. Pion exchange in the PV NN force is suppressed by $1/N_c$ and $\\sin^2 \\theta_W$, providing a quantitative explanation for its non-observation up to this time. The large-$N_c$ hierarchy of other PV NN force mechanisms is consistent with estimates of the couplings in phenomenological models. The PV observed in $\\vec{p}p$ scattering data is compatible with natural values for the strong and weak coupling constants: there is no evidence of fine tuning.

  1. 78 FR 79726 - Norfolk Southern Railway Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Gaston County, NC (United States)


    ...-Exempt Abandonments to abandon approximately 0.5 miles of rail line between milepost HG 37.50 (near the line's crossing of Brooks Road) and milepost HG 38.00 (north of Robinson Road), in Crowders (Gastonia), Gaston County, N.C.\\1\\ The line traverses United States Postal Service Zip Code 28052. \\1\\ NSR...

  2. 75 FR 65278 - Pamlico Sound and Adjacent Waters, NC; Danger Zones for Marine Corps Operations (United States)


    ... of Engineers, Department of the Army 33 CFR Part 334 Pamlico Sound and Adjacent Waters, NC; Danger... its regulations to establish one new danger zone in Pamlico Sound near Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point, North Carolina. Establishment of this danger zone will enable the Marine Corps to control...

  3. 76 FR 30023 - Pamlico Sound and Adjacent Waters, NC; Danger Zones for Marine Corps Operations (United States)


    ... of Engineers, Department of the Army 33 CFR Part 334 Pamlico Sound and Adjacent Waters, NC; Danger.... SUMMARY: The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is amending its regulations to establish a new danger zone. This danger zone will enable the Marine Corps to control access and movement of persons, vessels and...

  4. 33 CFR 165.T05-0091 - Safety Zone; Alligator River, NC. (United States)


    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Safety Zone; Alligator River, NC. 165.T05-0091 Section 165.T05-0091 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS AND LIMITED ACCESS AREAS Specific Regulated Navigation Areas and...

  5. Alternate 1/N_c Expansions and SU(3) Breaking from Baryon Lattice Results

    CERN Document Server

    Cherman, Aleksey; Lebed, Richard F


    A combined expansion in the number of QCD colors 1/N_c and SU(3) flavor breaking parameter epsilon has long been known to provide an excellent accounting for the mass spectrum of the lightest spin-1/2, 3/2 baryons when the quarks are taken to transform under the fundamental SU(N_c) representation, and in the final step N_c \\to 3 and epsilon is set to its physical value ~0.3. Subsequent work shows that placing quarks in the two-index antisymmetric SU(N_c) representation leads to quantitatively equally successful mass relations. Recent lattice simulations allow for varying the value of epsilon and confirm the robustness of the original 1/N_c relations. In this paper we show that the same conclusion holds for the antisymmetric quarks, and demonstrate that the mass relations also hold under alternate prescriptions for identifying physical baryons with particular members of the large N_c multiplets.

  6. 77 FR 44463 - Safety Zone, Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway; Emerald Isle, NC (United States)


    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone, Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway; Emerald... establishing a temporary safety zone on the waters of the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway at Emerald Isle, North... maintenance of the NC 58 Fixed Bridge crossing the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway, mile 226, at Emerald...

  7. Investigation on the foaming behaviors of NC-based gun propellants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu-xiang LI; Wei-tao YANG; San-jiu YING


    To prepare the porous NC-based (nitrocellulose-based) gun propellants, the batch foaming process of using supercritical CO2 as the physical blowing agent is used. The solubilities of CO2 in the single-base propellants and TEGDN (trimethyleneglycol dinitrate) propellants are measured by the gravimetric method, and SEM (scanning electron microscope) is used to observe the morphology of foamed propellants. The result shows that a large amount of CO2 could be dissolved in NC-based propellants. The experimental results also reveal that the energetic plasticizer TEGDN exerts an important influence on the pore structure. The triaxial tensile failure mechanism for solid-state nucleation is used to explain the nucleation of NC-based propellants in the solid state. Since some specific foaming behaviors of NC-based propellants can not be explained by the failure mechanism, a solid-state nucleation mechanism which revises the triaxial tensile failure mechanism is proposed and discussed. Copyright © 2014, China Ordnance Society. Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. 77 FR 4559 - Ecusta Mill Site, Pisgah Forest, Transylvania County, NC; Notice of Amended Settlement (United States)


    ... AGENCY Ecusta Mill Site, Pisgah Forest, Transylvania County, NC; Notice of Amended Settlement AGENCY... Ecusta Mill Superfund Site located in Pisgah Forest, Transylvania County, North Carolina. DATES: The... by Site name Ecusta Mill Superfund Site by one of the following methods:...

  9. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1D5NC-1UNFX [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)


  10. Hickory, N.C., Receives $200,000 EPA Brownfield Grants to Revitalize, Strengthen Local Economy (United States)

    ATLANTA - At a press conference in Huntington, W.Va., today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced a $200,000 Brownfields Area-Wide Planning (AWP) grant to the City of Hickory, N.C., for reuse planning that includes residential an

  11. 75 FR 81269 - Ward Transformer Superfund Site Raleigh, Wake County, NC; Notice of Settlements (United States)


    ... AGENCY Ward Transformer Superfund Site Raleigh, Wake County, NC; Notice of Settlements AGENCY... Ward Transformer Superfund Site located in Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina for publication. DATES... your comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA-RO4- SFUND-2010-1053 or Site name Ward...

  12. 78 FR 14543 - Ward Transformer Superfund Site; Raleigh, Wake County, NC; Notice of Settlement (United States)


    ... AGENCY Ward Transformer Superfund Site; Raleigh, Wake County, NC; Notice of Settlement AGENCY... Agency has entered into a settlement at the Ward Transformer Superfund Site located in Raleigh, Wake... EPA Region 4 contact Ms. Paula V. Painter. Submit your comments by Site name Ward...

  13. Kinetic isotope effects in the gas phase reactions of OH and Cl with CH3Cl, CD3Cl, and 13CH3Cl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Gola


    Full Text Available The kinetic isotope effects in the reactions of CH3Cl, 13CH3Cl and CD3Cl with OH radicals and Cl atoms were studied in relative rate experiments at 298±2 K and 1013±10 mbar. The reactions were carried out in a smog chamber using long path FTIR detection and the spectroscopic data analyzed employing a non-linear least squares spectral fitting method using measured high-resolution infrared spectra as well as absorption cross sections from the HITRAN database. The reaction rates of 13CH3Cl and CD3Cl with OH and Cl were determined relative to CH3Cl as: kOH+CH3ClkOH+CH3Cl/kOH+13CH3Cl}kOH+13CH3Cl=1.059±0.008, kOH+CH3ClkOH+CH3Cl/kOH+CD3ClkOH+CD3Cl=3.9±0.4, kCl+CH3ClkCl+CH3Cl/kCl+13CH3ClkCl+13CH3Cl =1.070±0.010 and kCl+CH3ClkCl+CH3Cl/kCl+CD3ClkCl+CD3Cl=4.91±0.07. The uncertainties given are 2σ from the statistical analyses and do not include possible systematic errors. The unexpectedly large 13C kinetic isotope effect in the OH reaction of CH3Cl has important implications for the global emission inventory of CH3Cl.

  14. 33 CFR 334.412 - Albemarle Sound, Pamlico Sound, Harvey Point and adjacent waters, NC; restricted area. (United States)


    ..., Harvey Point and adjacent waters, NC; restricted area. 334.412 Section 334.412 Navigation and Navigable... REGULATIONS § 334.412 Albemarle Sound, Pamlico Sound, Harvey Point and adjacent waters, NC; restricted area. (a) The area. Beginning on the north shore of Albemarle Sound and the easternmost tip of Harvey...

  15. 33 CFR 334.420 - Pamlico Sound and adjacent waters, N.C.; danger zones for Marine Corps operations. (United States)


    ..., N.C.; danger zones for Marine Corps operations. 334.420 Section 334.420 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DANGER ZONE AND RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.420 Pamlico Sound and adjacent waters, N.C.; danger zones for Marine Corps operations....

  16. Facile synthesis, microstructure and photophysical properties of core-shell nanostructured (SiCN)/BN nanocomposites (United States)

    Zhang, Qian; Jia, Dechang; Yang, Zhihua; Cai, Delong; Laine, Richard M.; Li, Qian; Zhou, Yu


    Increasing structural complexity at nanoscale can permit superior control over photophysical properties in the precursor-derived semiconductors. We demonstrate here the synthesis of silicon carbonitride (SiCN)/boron nitride (BN) nanocomposites via a polymer precursor route wherein the cobalt polyamine complexes used as the catalyst, exhibiting novel composite structures and photophysical properties. High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM) analysis shows that the diameters of SiCN-BN core-shell nanocomposites and BN shells are 50‒400 nm and 5‒25 nm, respectively. BN nanosheets (BNNSs) are also observed with an average sheet size of 5‒15 nm. The photophysical properties of these nanocomposites are characterized using the UV-Vis and photoluminescence (PL) analyses. The as-produced composites have emission behavior including an emission lifetime of 2.5 ns (±20 ps) longer observed in BN doped SiCN than that seen for SiC nanoparticles. Our results suggest that the SiCN/BN nanocomposites act as semiconductor displaying superior width photoluminescence at wavelengths spanning the visible to near-infrared (NIR) spectral range (400‒700 nm), owing to the heterojunction of the interface between the SiC(N) nanowire core and the BN nanosheet shell.

  17. Characterization and antibacterial performance of ZrCN/amorphous carbon coatings deposited on titanium implants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lai, Chih-Ho [School of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, 404 Taiwan (China); Chang, Yin-Yu, E-mail: [Department of Mechanical and Computer-Aided Engineering, National Formosa University, Yunlin, Taiwan (China); Huang, Heng-Li [School of Dentistry, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan (China); Kao, Ho-Yi [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Mingdao University, Changhua, Taiwan (China)


    Titanium (Ti)-based materials have been used for dental/orthopedic implants due to their excellent biological compatibility, superior mechanical strength and high corrosion resistance. The osseointegration of Ti implants is related to their composition and surface treatment. Better biocompatibility and anti-bacterial performances of Ti implant are beneficial for the osseointegration and for avoiding the infection after implantation surgery. In this study, nanocomposite ZrCN/amorphous carbon (a-C) coatings with different carbon contents were deposited on a bio-grade pure Ti implant material. A cathodic-arc evaporation system with plasma enhanced duct equipment was used for the deposition of ZrCN/a-C coatings. Reactive gas (N{sub 2}) and C{sub 2}H{sub 2} activated by the zirconium plasma in the evaporation process were used to deposit the ZrCN/a-C coatings. To verify the susceptibility of implant surface to bacterial adhesion, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (A. actinomycetemcomitans), one of the major pathogen frequently found in the dental implant-associated infections, was chosen for in vitro anti-bacterial analyses. In addition, the biocompatibility of human gingival fibroblast (HGF) cells on coatings was also evaluated by a cell proliferation assay. The results suggested that the ZrCN/a-C coatings with carbon content higher than 12.7 at.% can improve antibacterial performance with excellent HGF cell compatibility as well.

  18. Quantitative and sensitive analysis of CN molecules using laser induced low pressure He plasma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pardede, Marincan [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Pelita Harapan, 1100 M.H. Thamrin Boulevard, Lippo Village, Tangerang 15811 (Indonesia); Hedwig, Rinda [Department of Computer Engineering, Bina Nusantara University, 9 K.H. Syahdan, Jakarta 14810 (Indonesia); Abdulmadjid, Syahrun Nur; Lahna, Kurnia; Idris, Nasrullah; Ramli, Muliadi [Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Syiah Kuala University, Darussalam, Banda Aceh 23111, NAD (Indonesia); Jobiliong, Eric [Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Pelita Harapan, 1100 M.H. Thamrin Boulevard, Lippo Village, Tangerang 15811 (Indonesia); Suyanto, Hery [Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Udayana University, Kampus Bukit Jimbaran, Denpasar 80361, Bali (Indonesia); Marpaung, Alion Mangasi [Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Jakarta State University, 10 Rawamangun, Jakarta 13220 (Indonesia); Suliyanti, Maria Margaretha [Research Center for Physics, Indonesia Institute of Sciences, Kawasan Puspiptek, Serpong, Tangerang Selatan, 15314 Banten (Indonesia); Tjia, May On [Physics of Magnetism and Photonics Group, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bandung Institute of Technology, 10 Ganesha, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia); Research Center of Maju Makmur Mandiri Foundation, 40/80 Srengseng Raya, Jakarta 11630 (Indonesia); Lie, Tjung Jie; Lie, Zener Sukra; Kurniawan, Davy Putra; Kurniawan, Koo Hendrik, E-mail: [Research Center of Maju Makmur Mandiri Foundation, 40/80 Srengseng Raya, Jakarta 11630 (Indonesia); Kagawa, Kiichiro [Research Center of Maju Makmur Mandiri Foundation, 40/80 Srengseng Raya, Jakarta 11630 (Indonesia); Fukui Science Education Academy, Takagi Chuou 2 choume, Fukui 910-0804 (Japan)


    We report the results of experimental study on CN 388.3 nm and C I 247.8 nm emission characteristics using 40 mJ laser irradiation with He and N{sub 2} ambient gases. The results obtained with N{sub 2} ambient gas show undesirable interference effect between the native CN emission and the emission of CN molecules arising from the recombination of native C ablated from the sample with the N dissociated from the ambient gas. This problem is overcome by the use of He ambient gas at low pressure of 2 kPa, which also offers the additional advantages of cleaner and stronger emission lines. The result of applying this favorable experimental condition to emission spectrochemical measurement of milk sample having various protein concentrations is shown to yield a close to linear calibration curve with near zero extrapolated intercept. Additionally, a low detection limit of 5 μg/g is found in this experiment, making it potentially applicable for quantitative and sensitive CN analysis. The visibility of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy with low pressure He gas is also demonstrated by the result of its application to spectrochemical analysis of fossil samples. Furthermore, with the use of CO{sub 2} ambient gas at 600 Pa mimicking the Mars atmosphere, this technique also shows promising applications to exploration in Mars.

  19. 4d $\\cN$=2 theories with disconnected gauge groups

    CERN Document Server

    Argyres, Philip C


    In this paper we present a beautifully consistent web of evidence for the existence of interacting 4d rank-1 $\\cN=2$ SCFTs obtained from gauging discrete subgroups of global symmetries of other existing 4d rank-1 $\\cN=2$ SCFTs. The global symmetries that can be gauged involve a non-trivial combination of discrete subgroups of the $U(1)_R$, low-energy EM duality group $SL(2,\\Z)$, and the outer automorphism group of the flavor symmetry algebra, Out($F$). The theories that we construct are remarkable in many ways: (i) two of them have exceptional $F_4$ and $G_2$ flavor groups; (ii) they substantially complete the picture of the landscape of rank-1 $\\cN=2$ SCFTs as they realize all but one of the remaining consistent rank-1 Seiberg-Witten geometries that we previously constructed but were not associated to known SCFTs; and (iii) some of them have enlarged $\\cN=3$ SUSY, and have not been previously constructed. They are also examples of SCFTs which violate the Shapere-Tachikawa relation between the conformal centr...

  20. 7 CFR Appendix C to Part 220 - Child Nutrition (CN) Labeling Program (United States)


    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Child Nutrition (CN) Labeling Program C Appendix C to Part 220 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM Pt. 220, App....

  1. {[Gd(DMF)3(DMSO)(H2O)3](μ-CN)[Fe(CN)5]}·2H2O的合成,结构表征和磁性%Synthesis,Structural Characterization and Magnetic Properties of {[Gd(DMF)3(DMSO)(H2O)3](μ-CN)[Fe(CN)5]}·2H2O

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈文通; 蔡丽珍; 吴阿青; 郭国聪; 黄锦顺; 董振超; Akiyuki Matsushita


    A new cyano-bridged GadoliniumⅢ-IronⅢ complex {[Gd(DMF)3(DMSO)(H2O)3](μ-CN)[Fe(CN)5]}·2H2O (DMF= N,N-dimethylformamide; DMSO=dimethylsulfoxide) was synthesized by the grinding reaction method. It crysta llizes in the triclinic, space group P1 with cell parameters: a=0.903 63(2) nm, b=1.250 78(3) nm, c=1.413 03(1) nm, α=93.174(1)°, β=94.406(1)°, γ=91.817(2)°, and V=1.588 87(5) nm3, Dc=1.582 g·cm-3, Z=2, Mr=756.72, F(000)=760,μ=2.645 mm-1. The slightly distorted square-antiprism eightfold-coordinated Gd(Ⅲ) and the approxi mately oriented octahedrally sixfold-coordinated Fe(Ⅲ) are linked by a cyano-bridge group to construct a dinuclear compound. The {[Gd(DMF)3(DMSO)(H2O)3](μ-CN)[Fe(CN)5]} species are held together via hydrogen bonds to form a three-dimensional framework. The Gd(Ⅲ)-Fe(Ⅲ) interaction is antiferromagnetic.

  2. First-principles investigation on elastic and thermodynamic properties of Pnnm-CN under high pressure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao Ya-Ru


    Full Text Available The elastic anisotropy and thermodynamic properties of the recently synthesized Pnnm-CN have been investigated using first-principles calculations under high temperature and high pressure. The calculated equilibrium crystal parameters and normalized volume dependence of the resulting pressure agree with available experimental and theoretical results. Within the considered pressure range of 0–90 GPa, the dependences of the bulk modulus, Young’s modulus, and shear modulus on the crystal orientation for Pnnm-CN have been systematically studied. The results show that the Pnnm-CN exhibits a well-pronounced elastic anisotropy. The incompressibility is largest along the c-axis. For tension or compression loading, the Pnnm-CN is stiffest along [001] and the most obedient along [100] direction. On the basis of the quasi-harmonic Debye model, we have explored the Debye temperature, heat capacity, thermal expansion coefficient, and Grüneisen parameters within the pressure range of 0–90 GPa and temperature range of 0–1600K.

  3. Photophysics and electron transfer reactions of [Ru(LL)(CN)(4)] complexes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kovacs, Margit; Fodor, Lajos; Browne, Wesley R.; Horvath, Attila


    Spectroscopic properties of two series of [Ru(LL)(CN)(4)](2-) complexes, where LL = 2, 2-bipyri dine, 1,10-phenanthroline and their substituted derivatives have been investigated, and the optical spectra of these complexes were compared. It has been demonstrated that the electron donating and withdr

  4. Nano-galvanic coupling for enhanced Ag+ release in ZrCN-Ag films : Antibacterial application

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Calderon, S.; Ferreri, I.; Henriques, M.; De Hosson, J. T. M.; Cavaleiro, A.; Carvalho, S.


    The antibacterial properties of materials developed for medical devices with embedded silver nanoparticles are enhanced by controlling the release of silver ions. In this study, a simple experimental procedure for the augmentation of the silver ion release from ZrCN-Ag coatings is described. The sil

  5. Chemical and Biological Evaluation of Maturity of Pig Manure Compost at Different C/N Ratios

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Aerobic static pile composting (mechanical turning every 3 days) of pig manure was prepared at 8 m3 windrow heaps. Sawdust was used as the bulking agent to provide additional carbon and to increase the porosity of the substrate. Two treatments at initial C/N ratios of 30 and 15, respectively, were designed in the study. Dissolved organic carbon (DOC), soluble NH4+-N, C/N ratios in solid and aqueous phases, E4/E6 ratios, and seed germination index (GI) were determined to evaluate the maturity of the co-composts. Seed germination index, a biological parameter, was suggested as one of the most reliable maturity indicators for organic compost. The results showed that the treatment at the initial C/N ratio of 30 reached maturity after 49 days of composting; however, the treatment at the initial C/N ratio of 15 should require composting time of longer than 63 days to obtain maturation. Chemical multi-indicator evaluation was necessary, and the GI measurement was the recommended approach for maturity evaluation in the study.

  6. First-principles investigation on elastic and thermodynamic properties of Pnnm-CN under high pressure (United States)

    Ya-Ru, Zhao; Hai-Rong, Zhang; Gang-Tai, Zhang; Qun, Wei; Yu-Quan, Yuan


    The elastic anisotropy and thermodynamic properties of the recently synthesized Pnnm-CN have been investigated using first-principles calculations under high temperature and high pressure. The calculated equilibrium crystal parameters and normalized volume dependence of the resulting pressure agree with available experimental and theoretical results. Within the considered pressure range of 0–90 GPa, the dependences of the bulk modulus, Young’s modulus, and shear modulus on the crystal orientation for Pnnm-CN have been systematically studied. The results show that the Pnnm-CN exhibits a well-pronounced elastic anisotropy. The incompressibility is largest along the c-axis. For tension or compression loading, the Pnnm-CN is stiffest along [001] and the most obedient along [100] direction. On the basis of the quasi-harmonic Debye model, we have explored the Debye temperature, heat capacity, thermal expansion coefficient, and Grüneisen parameters within the pressure range of 0–90 GPa and temperature range of 0–1600K. PMID:28090376

  7. Structure of MoCN films deposited by cathodic arc evaporation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gilewicz, A., E-mail: [Koszalin University of Technology, Faculty of Technology and Education, Sniadeckich 2, 75-453 Koszalin (Poland); Jedrzejewski, R.; Kochmanska, A.E. [West Pomeranian University of Technology Szczecin, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Mechatronics, 19 Piastów Ave., 70-313 Szczecin (Poland); Warcholinski, B. [Koszalin University of Technology, Faculty of Technology and Education, Sniadeckich 2, 75-453 Koszalin (Poland)


    Molybdenum carbonitride (MoCN) coatings were deposited onto HS6-5-2 steel substrate using pure Mo targets in mixed acetylene and nitrogen atmosphere by cathodic arc evaporation. The structural properties of MoCN coatings with different carbon contents (as an effect of the C{sub 2}H{sub 2} flow rate) were investigated systematically. Phase and chemical composition evolution of the coatings were characterized both by the glancing angle of X-ray diffraction (XRD) and wavelength dispersive spectrometry, respectively. These analyses have been supplemented by estimates of grain sizes and stress in the coatings. The XRD results show that the increase in acetylene flow rate causes the formation of molybdenum carbide (MoC) hexagonal phase in the coatings, a reduction of grain size and an increase in internal stress. - Highlights: • MoN and MoCN coatings were deposited by cathodic arc evaporation in nitrogen atmosphere. • MoCN coatings were formed using different acetylene flow rates. • Phase composition evolution was observed. • Crystallite size and stress were calculated.

  8. Algebraic Bethe Ansatz Solution to CN Vertex Model with Open Boundary Conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Guang-Liang; SHI Kang-Jie; YUE Rui-Hong


    We present three diagonal reflecting matrices for the CN vertex model with open boundary conditions and exactly solve the model by using the algebraic Bethe ansatz. The eigenvector is constructed and the eigenvalue and the associated Bethe equations are achieved. All the unwanted terms are cancelled out by three kinds of identities.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    In this article, the authors study the vector-valued random power series on the unit ball of Cn and get vector-valued Salem-Zygmund theorem for them by using martingale technique. Further, the relationships between vector-valued random power series and several function spaces are also studied.

  10. First-principles investigation on elastic and thermodynamic properties of Pnnm-CN under high pressure (United States)

    Ya-Ru, Zhao; Hai-Rong, Zhang; Gang-Tai, Zhang; Qun, Wei; Yu-Quan, Yuan


    The elastic anisotropy and thermodynamic properties of the recently synthesized Pnnm-CN have been investigated using first-principles calculations under high temperature and high pressure. The calculated equilibrium crystal parameters and normalized volume dependence of the resulting pressure agree with available experimental and theoretical results. Within the considered pressure range of 0-90 GPa, the dependences of the bulk modulus, Young's modulus, and shear modulus on the crystal orientation for Pnnm-CN have been systematically studied. The results show that the Pnnm-CN exhibits a well-pronounced elastic anisotropy. The incompressibility is largest along the c-axis. For tension or compression loading, the Pnnm-CN is stiffest along [001] and the most obedient along [100] direction. On the basis of the quasi-harmonic Debye model, we have explored the Debye temperature, heat capacity, thermal expansion coefficient, and Grüneisen parameters within the pressure range of 0-90 GPa and temperature range of 0-1600K.

  11. A new solar carbon abundance based on non-LTE CN molecular spectra (United States)

    Mount, G. H.; Linsky, J. L.


    A detailed non-LTE analysis of solar CN spectra strongly suggest a revised carbon abundance for the sun. We recommend a value of log carbon abundance = 8.35 plus or minus 0.15 which is significantly lower than the presently accepted value of log carbon abundance = 8.55. This revision may have important consequences in astrophysics.

  12. Life decrees: no wonder, this. Magazine drops CN Tower as a modern wonder

    CERN Multimedia

    Marshall, E


    "Life's December special edition, The Seven Wonders of the World: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow, offers feature articles on six of the seven modern global wonders as chosen by the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), but arbitrarily drops the CN Tower in favour of a particle research laboratory near Geneva, Switzerland" (1 page).

  13. VLT observations of the asymmetric Etched Hourglass Nebula, MyCn 18

    CERN Document Server

    Clyne, N; Lloyd, M; Matsuura, M; Singh, N; Meaburn, J


    Context. The mechanisms that form extreme bipolar planetary nebulae remain unclear. Aims. The physical properties, structure, and dynamics of the bipolar planetary nebula, MyCn 18, are investigated in detail with the aim of understanding the shaping mechanism and evolutionary history of this object. Methods. VLT infrared images, VLT ISAAC infrared spectra, and long-slit optical Echelle spectra are used to investigate MyCn 18. Morpho-kinematic modelling was used to firmly constrain the structure and kinematics of the source. A timescale analysis was used to determine the kinematical age of the nebula and its main components. Results. A spectroscopic study of MyCn 18's central and offset region reveals the detailed make-up of its nebular composition. Molecular hydrogen, atomic helium, and Bracket gamma emission are detected from the central regions of MyCn 18. ISAAC spectra from a slit position along the narrow waist of the nebula demonstrate that the ionised gas resides closer to the centre of the nebula than ...

  14. The End of Akıncı Corps in The Ottoman Empire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Alkan


    Full Text Available It has been known that the Akıncıs were in the Ottoman Empire an extention of the corps which provided the border security of the Turkish states. They were named in the Seljuki period as “margraves”. Even the Ottomans were one of these margraves. Adopting a more centralist policy, the Ottoman Empire didn’t leave the border security to margraves as it was the case in Seljuks, but they assigned this job to some akıncı families. Evrenesoğulları in Albania and Dalmatia, Mihal-oğulları in Bosnia, Semendire and Serbia, Malkoç-oğulları in Silistre and Turhan-oğulları in Mora were the most famous ones among these families. The missions of the Akıncıs was to ensure the frontier security, to undertake reconnaissance mission in the regions which would be conquered, to gather intelligence, to raid the enemy territories and to act advanced guards, which was called as the fifth column activities at that time. It is assumed that Evranos Bey established the Akıncı corps. They were the light cavalry forces and had a certain organizational structure. Those with manor were registered in the account book with their descriptions. Their number exceeded fifty thousand during the period of Suleyman the Magnificient. The number of Akıncıs continued to increase until the 16th Century. In 1595, during the attacks carried out against Walachia Voivodina Mihail, who rebelled, the Akıncıs which stayed behind the Ottoman army, which was retreating over the wooden bridge, were nearly destroyed due to the inconsiderate act of Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha. After that incident the Akıncıs could not recover and their mission was undertaken by the Akkerman, Dobruca and Bucak Tatars and Crimea Khanate’s forces. With the exception of the short research of İ. Hakkı Uzunçarşılı, which is based on secondary sources, no serious study has been produced on the guild of Akıncıs by benefiting from the manorial books, muhimme books and local registry books

  15. 用DSC曲线数据估算硝化棉的CnB和表观经验级数自催化分解反应热爆炸临界温升速率%Estimation of the Critical Rate of Temperature Rise for Thermal Explosion of CnB and Apparent Empiric-order Autocatalytic Decomposing Reaction of Nitrocellulose from DSC Curves

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚二岗; 胡荣祖; 赵凤起; 张海; 王尧; 常象宇; 高红旭; 赵宏安


    采用非线性约束优化问题的信赖域算法,由不同升温速率(β)条件下硝化棉(NC,14.14%N)的DSC曲线数据得到了NC的n级自催化分解反应(CnB)和表观经验级数自催化分解反应的动力学参数和动力学方程.并由计算得到的β→0时的onset温度(Teo),热爆炸临界温度(Tb),相应于Tb时的转化率(αb)和动力学参数值获得了NC的热爆炸临界温升速率值.结果表明,在非等温DSC条件下NC分解反应可用表观经验级数自催化反应速率方程dα/dt=1015.76exp(-170830/RT)(1-α)0.95+1015.76exp(-159070/RT)α1.81(1-α)1.16描述.NC由自催化分解转向热爆炸时的热爆炸临界温升速率值为0.060 K/s.

  16. Ground State Reactions of nC60 with Free Chlorine in Water. (United States)

    Wu, Jiewei; Benoit, Denise; Lee, Seung Soo; Li, Wenlu; Fortner, John D


    Facile, photoenhanced transformations of water-stable C60 aggregates (nC60) to oxidized, soluble fullerene derivatives, have been described as key processes in understanding the ultimate environmental fate of fullerene based materials. In contrast, fewer studies have evaluated the aqueous reactivity of nC60 during ground-state conditions (i.e., dark conditions). Herein, this study identifies and characterizes the physicochemical transformations of C60 (as nC60 suspensions) in the presence of free chlorine, a globally used chemical oxidant, in the absence of light under environmentally relevant conditions. Results show that nC60 undergoes significant oxidation in the presence of free chlorine and the oxidation reaction rates increase with free chlorine concentration while being inversely related to solution pH. Product characterization by FTIR, XPS, Raman Spectroscopy, TEM, XRD, TOC, collectively demonstrates that oxidized C60 derivatives are readily formed in the presence of free chlorine with extensive covalent oxygen and even chlorine additions, and behave as soft (or loose) clusters in solution. Aggregation kinetics, as a function of pH and ionic strength/type, show a significant increase in product stabilities for all cases evaluated, even at pH values approaching 1. As expected with increased (surface) oxidation, classic Kow partitioning studies indicate that product clusters are relatively more hydrophilic than parent (reactant) nC60. Taken together, this work highlights the importance of understanding nanomaterial reactivity and the identification of corresponding stable daughter products, which are likely to differ significantly from parent material properties and behaviors.

  17. Determination of dispersive optical constants of nanocrystalline CdSe (nc-CdSe) thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharma, Kriti; Al-Kabbi, Alaa S.; Saini, G.S.S. [Centre of Advanced Study in Physics, Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014 (India); Tripathi, S.K., E-mail: [Centre of Advanced Study in Physics, Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014 (India)


    Highlights: ► nc-CdSe thin films are prepared by thermal vacuum evaporation technique. ► TEM analysis shows NCs are spherical in shape. ► XRD reveals the hexagonal (wurtzite) crystal structure of nc-CdSe thin films. ► The direct optical bandgap of nc-CdSe is 2.25 eV in contrast to bulk (1.7 eV). ► Dispersion of refractive index is discussed in terms of Wemple–DiDomenico single oscillator model. -- Abstract: The nanocrystalline thin films of CdSe are prepared by thermal evaporation technique at room temperature. These thin films are characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL). The transmission spectra are recorded in the transmission range 400–3300 nm for nc-CdSe thin films. Transmittance measurements are used to calculate the refractive index (n) and absorption coefficient (α) using Swanepoel's method. The optical band gap (E{sub g}{sup opt}) has been determined from the absorption coefficient values using Tauc's procedure. The optical constants such as extinction coefficient (k), real (ε{sub 1}) and imaginary (ε{sub 2}) dielectric constants, dielectric loss (tan δ), optical conductivity (σ{sub opt}), Urbach energy (E{sub u}) and steepness parameter (σ) are also calculated for nc-CdSe thin films. The normal dispersion of refractive index is described using Wemple–DiDomenico single-oscillator model. Refractive index dispersion is further analysed to calculate lattice dielectric constant (ε{sub L}).

  18. Analisis Parameter Ber Dan C/N Dengan Lnb Combo Pada Teknologi Dvb-S2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyu Pamungkas


    Full Text Available Instalasi antena parabola berfungsi untuk memudahkan pada saat pengarahan pointing antena ke satelit yang dituju. Permasalahan yang diketahui yaitu bagaimana perilaku parameter Bit Error Rate (BER dan Carrier to Noise (C/N pada LNB Combo yang menggunakan teknologi DVB-S2. Setelah instalasi antena parabola dilakukan dan sukses, maka langkah selanjutnya yaitu melakukan pointing antena. Pointing antena diarahkan pada posisi satelit yang akan dituju. Satelit yang akan dituju yaitu Palapa D menggunakan frekuensi C-Band sedangkan Ku-Band diarahkan pada satelit NSS 6. Setelah pointing selesai dilakukan maka langkah selanjutnya yaitu menghubungkan dengan Digital Video Broadcasting Satellite Second Generation (DVB-S2. DVB-S2 merupakan receiver. Parameter yang diamati yaitu parameter BER dan C/N. Parameter BER merupakan perbandingan dengan jumlah bit yang diterima secara tidak benar dengan jumlah bit informasi yang ditransmisikan pada selang waktu tertentu. Parameter C/N merupakan perbandingan nilai pada carrier yang diterima dengan nilai sinyal noise yang dihasilkan dalam suatu link. Diperlukan juga Low Noise Block (LNB Combo yang berguna untuk mentransmisikan sinyal ke receiver. LNB yang digunakan merupakan LNB Combo, dimana dua buah frekuensi yakni C-Band dan KU-Band menjadi satu dalam sebuah LNB. Setelah melakukan pengukuran dan melihat hasil pengukuran, dapat disimpulkan bahwa LNB Combo berpengaruh pada sinyal C-Band yang dihasilkan, sinyal C-Band akan mengalami penurunan kualitas, ini dibuktikan dari hasil pengukuran yang telah dilakukan bahwa nilai parameter C/N dan BER pada Ku-Band lebih baik daripada nilai parameter C/N dan BER pada CBand.

  19. Characterization of Thick and Thin Film SiCN for Pressure Sensing at High Temperatures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rama B. Bhat


    Full Text Available Pressure measurement in high temperature environments is important in many applications to provide valuable information for performance studies. Information on pressure patterns is highly desirable for improving performance, condition monitoring and accurate prediction of the remaining life of systems that operate in extremely high temperature environments, such as gas turbine engines. A number of technologies have been recently investigated, however these technologies target specific applications and they are limited by the maximum operating temperature. Thick and thin films of SiCN can withstand high temperatures. SiCN is a polymer-derived ceramic with liquid phase polymer as its starting material. This provides the advantage that it can be molded to any shape. CERASET™ also yields itself for photolithography, with the addition of photo initiator 2, 2-Dimethoxy-2-phenyl-acetophenone (DMPA, thereby enabling photolithographical patterning of the pre-ceramic polymer using UV lithography. SiCN fabrication includes thermosetting, crosslinking and pyrolysis. The technology is still under investigation for stability and improved performance. This work presents the preparation of SiCN films to be used as the body of a sensor for pressure measurements in high temperature environments. The sensor employs the phenomenon of drag effect. The pressure sensor consists of a slender sensitive element and a thick blocking element. The dimensions and thickness of the films depend on the intended application of the sensors. Fabrication methods of SiCN ceramics both as thin (about 40–60 µm and thick (about 2–3 mm films for high temperature applications are discussed. In addition, the influence of thermosetting and annealing processes on mechanical properties is investigated.

  20. Characterization of Thick and Thin Film SiCN for Pressure Sensing at High Temperatures (United States)

    Leo, Alfin; Andronenko, Sergey; Stiharu, Ion; Bhat, Rama B.


    Pressure measurement in high temperature environments is important in many applications to provide valuable information for performance studies. Information on pressure patterns is highly desirable for improving performance, condition monitoring and accurate prediction of the remaining life of systems that operate in extremely high temperature environments, such as gas turbine engines. A number of technologies have been recently investigated, however these technologies target specific applications and they are limited by the maximum operating temperature. Thick and thin films of SiCN can withstand high temperatures. SiCN is a polymer-derived ceramic with liquid phase polymer as its starting material. This provides the advantage that it can be molded to any shape. CERASET™ also yields itself for photolithography, with the addition of photo initiator 2, 2-Dimethoxy-2-phenyl-acetophenone (DMPA), thereby enabling photolithographical patterning of the pre-ceramic polymer using UV lithography. SiCN fabrication includes thermosetting, crosslinking and pyrolysis. The technology is still under investigation for stability and improved performance. This work presents the preparation of SiCN films to be used as the body of a sensor for pressure measurements in high temperature environments. The sensor employs the phenomenon of drag effect. The pressure sensor consists of a slender sensitive element and a thick blocking element. The dimensions and thickness of the films depend on the intended application of the sensors. Fabrication methods of SiCN ceramics both as thin (about 40–60 μm) and thick (about 2–3 mm) films for high temperature applications are discussed. In addition, the influence of thermosetting and annealing processes on mechanical properties is investigated. PMID:22205871

  1. C/N ratio control and substrate addition for periphyton development jointly enhance freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii production in ponds

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Asaduzzaman, M.; Wahab, M.A.; Verdegem, M.C.J.; Huque, S.; Salam, M.A.; Azim, M.E.


    The present research investigated the effect of carbon/nitrogen ratio (C/N ratio) control in ponds with or without substrate addition for periphyton development on production of giant freshwater prawn. C/N ratios of 10, 15 and 20 were investigated in 40 m¿ 2 ponds stocked with 2 prawn juveniles (5.0

  2. 77 FR 62510 - C.N. Brown Electricity, LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate Filing Includes... (United States)


    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission C.N. Brown Electricity, LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based... above-referenced proceeding, of C.N. Brown Electricity, LLC's application for market-based...

  3. Comparison of diffusivity data derived from electrochemical and NMR investigations of the SeCN¯/(SeCN)2/(SeCN)3¯ system in ionic liquids. (United States)

    Solangi, Amber; Bond, Alan M; Burgar, Iko; Hollenkamp, Anthony F; Horne, Michael D; Rüther, Thomas; Zhao, Chuan


    Electrochemical studies in room temperature ionic liquids are often hampered by their relatively high viscosity. However, in some circumstances, fast exchange between participating electroactive species has provided beneficial enhancement of charge transport. The iodide (I¯)/iodine (I(2))/triiodide (I(3)¯) redox system that introduces exchange via the I¯ + I(2) ⇌ I(3)¯ process is a well documented example because it is used as a redox mediator in dye-sensitized solar cells. To provide enhanced understanding of ion movement in RTIL media, a combined electrochemical and NMR study of diffusion in the {SeCN¯-(SeCN)(2)-(SeCN)(3)¯} system has been undertaken in a selection of commonly used RTILs. In this system, each of the Se, C and N nuclei is NMR active. The electrochemical behavior of the pure ionic liquid, [C(4)mim][SeCN], which is synthesized and characterized here for the first time, also has been investigated. Voltammetric studies, which yield readily interpreted diffusion-limited responses under steady-state conditions by means of a Random Assembly of Microdisks (RAM) microelectrode array, have been used to measure electrochemically based diffusion coefficients, while self-diffusion coefficients were measured by pulsed field gradient NMR methods. The diffusivity data, derived from concentration and field gradients respectively, are in good agreement. The NMR data reveal that exchange processes occur between selenocyanate species, but the voltammetric data show the rates of exchange are too slow to enhance charge transfer. Thus, a comparison of the iodide and selenocyanate systems is somewhat paradoxical in that while the latter give RTILs of low viscosity, sluggish exchange kinetics prevent any significant enhancement of charge transfer through direct electron exchange. In contrast, faster exchange between iodide and its oxidation products leads to substantial electron exchange but this effect does not compensate sufficiently for mass transport

  4. Corrosion resistance appraisal of TiN, TiCN and TiAlN coatings deposited by CAE-PVD method on WC-Co cutting tools exposed to artificial sea water (United States)

    Matei, A. A.; Pencea, I.; Branzei, M.; Trancă, D. E.; Ţepeş, G.; Sfăt, C. E.; Ciovica (Coman), E.; Gherghilescu, A. I.; Stanciu, G. A.


    A new advanced sintered composite cutting tool has been developed based on tungsten carbide matrix ligated with cobalt (WC-Co) additivated with tantalum carbide (TaC), titanium carbide (TiC) and niobium carbide (NbC) as grain growth inhibitors. Titanium nitride (TiN), titanium carbonitride (TiCN) and titanium aluminium nitride (TiAlN) coatings were deposited on these tools by CAE-PVD technique to find out the best solution to improve the corrosion resistance of this tool in marine environment. The electrochemical behaviours of the specimens in 3.5% NaCl water solution were estimated by potentiodynamic polarization measurements i.e. the open circuit potential (Eoc), corrosion potential (Ecorr) and corrosion current density (icorr). Wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD), optical microscopy (OM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) investigations have been carried on tested and untested specimens to substantiate the corrosion resistance of the tested specimens. Based on the open circuit potential (Eoc) and corrosion potential (Ecorr) results, the tested specimens were ranked as TiN, TiAlN, TiCN and WC-Co while on corrosion current density (icorr) and protective efficiency (P) values they have been ranked as TiN, TiAlN, WC-Co and TiCN. The WAXD, MO and AFM results unambiguously show that the corrosion resistance depends on the nature and morphology of the coating.

  5. Oxidized/reduced graphene nanoribbons facilitate charge transfer to the Fe(CN)63-/Fe(CN)64- redox couple and towards oxygen reduction (United States)

    de Lima, Fábio; Maia, Gilberto


    This study investigated the synthesis of graphene oxide nanoribbons (GONRs) and graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) from multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), and the behavior of thin films of MWCNTs, GONRs, and GNRs on a glassy carbon surface in the presence of two redox probes (Fe(CN)63-/Fe(CN)64- and O2) employing cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and hydrodynamic voltammetry (HV) as a simple procedure for characterizing these films. The feasibility of using these electrochemical techniques for this purpose opens up the possibility of applying them to biosensors and electrocatalysts using surface-supported MWCNT, GONR, and GNR materials. GNR1 resembles an internodal segment of bamboo cut lengthwise, with a shallow troughing at its center, while GNR2 resembles stacked ribbons, each ~16 nm wide, with points of structural damage and points of four-ribbon connection measuring 60 nm or wider, sufficiently catalytic for the oxygen reduction reaction to occur, unlike the other modified electrodes investigated in acidic, 0.1 M KH2PO4 (pH 7.0), and 0.1 M KOH solutions (HV results). Transmission electron microscopy and thermogravimetric analysis were employed to characterize the MWCNTs, GONRs, and GNRs.This study investigated the synthesis of graphene oxide nanoribbons (GONRs) and graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) from multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), and the behavior of thin films of MWCNTs, GONRs, and GNRs on a glassy carbon surface in the presence of two redox probes (Fe(CN)63-/Fe(CN)64- and O2) employing cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and hydrodynamic voltammetry (HV) as a simple procedure for characterizing these films. The feasibility of using these electrochemical techniques for this purpose opens up the possibility of applying them to biosensors and electrocatalysts using surface-supported MWCNT, GONR, and GNR materials. GNR1 resembles an internodal segment of bamboo cut lengthwise, with a shallow troughing at its

  6. Effects of Soil C/N Ratio on Apple Growth and Nitrogen Utilization,Residue and Loss

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shunfeng; GE; Yihua; REN; Ling; PENG; Haigang; XU; Mengmeng; JI; Shaochong; WEI; Yuanmao; JIANG


    Soil C /N ratio is an important influencing factor in soil nitrogen cycling. Two-year old apple trees( Borkh. cv. ‘Fuji’/Malus hupehensis) were used to understand the effect of soil C/N ratio [6. 52( CK),10,15,20,25,30,35 and 40]on apple growth and nitrogen utilization and loss by using15N trace technique. The results showed that,with the increasing of soil C/N ratio,apple shoot length and fresh weight increased at first,and then decreased; the higher apple shoot length and fresh weight appeared in C/N = 15,20 and 25 treatments,and there were no significant differences among these three treatments,but significantly higher than the other treatments. Statistical analysis revealed that there was significant difference in nitrogen utilization rate between the different treatments,the highest N utilization rate was occurred in soil C/N = 25 treatment which value was 22. 87%,and there was no significant difference between soil C/N = 25 and C/N = 20 treatments,but both the two treatments were significantly higher than the other treatments; Soil C/N = 40 had the lowest N utilization rate which value was 15. 43%,and this value was less than CK( 16. 65%). The proportion of plant absorption nitrogen from fertilizer was much higher when the value of soil C/N ratio in the range of 15- 25,but the percentage of plant absorption nitrogen from soil was much higher when the soil C/N ratio was too low( < 15) or high( < 25). Amount of residual nitrogen in soil increased gradually with the soil C/N ratio increasing,the amount of residual nitrogen in C/N = 40 treatment was 1. 32 times than that in CK. With the increasing of soil C/N ratio,fertilizer nitrogen loss decreased at first,and then increased,fertilizer nitrogen loss was the minimum in C/N = 25 treatments( 49. 87%) and the maximum were occurred in CK( 61. 54%). Therefore,regarding the apple growth and nitrogen balance situation,the value of soil C/N ratio in the range of 15- 25 would be favorable for apple growth and could

  7. ClEST cluster :Cl_contig0243 [ClEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Cl_contig0243 barrier-to-autointegration factor Cimex lectularius nuclear gene 428 ...TAATAAATACAGTATGATGTGCG fb29038 fs25084 mb23031 3 barrier to autointegration factor [Rhodnius prolixus] AEL79235 5.9E-56 GO:0003677 ...

  8. ClEST cluster :Cl_singleton1662 [ClEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Cl_singleton1662 PREDICTED: hypothetical protein LOC100740269 [Bombus impatiens] Ci...CTCCTAAGCCAATTAAATAGAAGTTCAATAGCATACTGTAATAAATTAACAACAAAGTG fw20035 1 PREDICTED: hypothetical protein LOC100740269 [Bombus impatiens] XP_003491307 7.11708E-15 ...

  9. Cloning and bioinformatics analysis of Neospora caninum NcGRA2t gene%新孢子虫NcGRA2t基因的克隆与生物信息学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金春梅; 于龙政; 张守发



  10. Sensitized chemiluminescence of 2-phenyl-4,5-di(2-furyl)-1H-imidazole/K₃Fe(CN)₆/propyl gallate system combining with solid-phase extraction for the determination of propyl gallate in edible oil. (United States)

    Kang, Jing; Han, Lu; Chen, Zhonglin; Shen, Jimin; Nan, Jun; Zhang, Yihua


    In this paper, a novel chemiluminescence (CL) method has been developed for the determination of propyl gallate (PG). The proposed method was based on the enhancing effect of PG on the CL signal of 2-phenyl-4,5-di(2-furyl)-1H-imidazole (PDFI) and K3Fe(CN)6 reaction in an alkaline solution. Under the optimum conditions, the enhanced CL intensity was linearly related to the concentration of PG. The linear range of the calibration curve was 0.05-8 μg/mL, and the corresponding detection limit (3σ) was 0.036 μg/mL. The relative standard deviation for determining 1.0 μg/mL PG was 2.8% (n=11). The proposed method has been successfully applied to the determination of PG in edible oil. The edible oil samples were prepared by the solid-phase extraction (SPE) with a C18 column served as the stationary phase. Furthermore, the possible CL mechanism was also discussed briefly based on the photoluminescence (PL) and CL spectra.

  11. Stable and efficient colour enrichment powders of nonpolar nanocrystals in LiCl (United States)

    Erdem, Talha; Soran-Erdem, Zeliha; Sharma, Vijay Kumar; Kelestemur, Yusuf; Adam, Marcus; Gaponik, Nikolai; Demir, Hilmi Volkan


    In this work, we propose and develop the inorganic salt encapsulation of semiconductor nanocrystal (NC) dispersion in a nonpolar phase to make a highly stable and highly efficient colour converting powder for colour enrichment in light-emitting diode backlighting. Here the wrapping of the as-synthesized green-emitting CdSe/CdZnSeS/ZnS nanocrystals into a salt matrix without ligand exchange is uniquely enabled by using a LiCl ionic host dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF), which simultaneously disperses these nonpolar nanocrystals. We studied the emission stability of the solid films prepared using NCs with and without LiCl encapsulation on blue LEDs driven at high current levels. The encapsulated NC powder in epoxy preserved 95.5% of the initial emission intensity and stabilized at this level while the emission intensity of NCs without salt encapsulation continuously decreased to 34.7% of its initial value after 96 h of operation. In addition, we investigated the effect of ionic salt encapsulation on the quantum efficiency of nonpolar NCs and found the quantum efficiency of the NCs-in-LiCl to be 75.1% while that of the NCs in dispersion was 73.0% and that in a film without LiCl encapsulation was 67.9%. We believe that such ionic salt encapsulated powders of nonpolar NCs presented here will find ubiquitous use for colour enrichment in display backlighting.In this work, we propose and develop the inorganic salt encapsulation of semiconductor nanocrystal (NC) dispersion in a nonpolar phase to make a highly stable and highly efficient colour converting powder for colour enrichment in light-emitting diode backlighting. Here the wrapping of the as-synthesized green-emitting CdSe/CdZnSeS/ZnS nanocrystals into a salt matrix without ligand exchange is uniquely enabled by using a LiCl ionic host dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF), which simultaneously disperses these nonpolar nanocrystals. We studied the emission stability of the solid films prepared using NCs with and

  12. The importance of neck circumference to thyromental distance ratio (NC/TM as a predictor of difficult intubation in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hala Ezzat Abdel Naim


    Conclusion: Difficult intubation in OSA obese patients was independently associated with a Mallampati score of III or IV, and NC/TM ⩾5.15. Moreover, NC/TM yielded a high sensitivity, specificity and a negative predictive value.

  13. 四代核电NC-DCS产品解决方案简介%Brief Product Solution of 4th Generation of Nuclear NC-DCS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    经历了福岛事件,核电的安全性更加被重视,四代核电因更安全性和经济性更加受到重视,是未来核电的发展方向。本文描述了具有我国自主知识产权的四代核电核心控制系统NC-DCS的产品解决方案,包括了解决方案的系统架构、网络、功能分配、主控制室设计、安全性冗余设计、通讯设计、校时设计等部分的内容。%After Fukushima, nuclear safety has been attached more attentions. Due to the more attentions on safety and economy, the four generation of nuclear power is the direction of development of nuclear power in the future. This paper describes the product solutions of NC-DCS with independent intellectual property rights of China's nuclear power core control system, including system architecture, solution of the network, function distribution, main control room design, safety redundancy design, communication design, time correction design and other parts design.

  14. Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerization of Norbornene and Derivatives by the Triply Bonded Ditungsten Complex Na[W2(µ-Cl3Cl4(THF2]·(THF3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgios Floros


    Full Text Available In this study, the reactions of the bimetallic compound Na[W2(µ-Cl3Cl4(THF2]·(THF3 (1, (W 3 W6+, a'2e'4 with norbornene (NBE and some of its derivatives (5-X-2-NBE; X = COOH (NBE–COOH, OH (NBE–OH, CN (NBE–CN, COOMe (NBE–COOMe, CH=CH2 (VNBE; norbornadiene (NBD are described. Complex 1 contains a tungsten–tungsten triple bond, bearing three halide bridges and two labile THF ligands, in a cisoidal relationship along the metal–metal axis. The complex was found to be a highly efficient room temperature homogeneous and heterogeneous unicomponent initiator for the catalytic ring opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP of most substrates. NBE provides polynorbornene (PNBE of high molecular weight (Mw in high yields, soluble in organic solvents. The reaction proceeds with high cis-stereoselectivity (80%–86% cis, independently of the reaction conditions. Strongly coordinating pendant groups (–COOH, –OH, –CN deactivate 1, whereas substrates bearing softer ones (–COOMe, –CH=CH2 are quantitatively polymerized. NBD gives quantitatively insoluble PNBD. The polymers have been characterized by 1H, 13C NMR and Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC. Monitoring the reactions in situ by 1H NMR (1/NBD or NBE provides direct evidence of the metathetical nature of the polymerization with the observation of the active tungsten alkylidene propagating polymeric chains. Mechanistic aspects of the reactions are discussed.

  15. Experimental and theoretical investigations of copper (I/II) complexes with triazine-pyrazole derivatives as ligands and their in situ C-N bond cleavage (United States)

    Wang, Ji-Xiao; Wang, Che; Wang, Xuan; Wang, Xin-Yu; Xing, Yong-Heng; Sun, Qiao


    Two copper complexes, Cu(SCN)(Mpz∗T-(EtO)2) (1) (Mpz∗T-(EtO)2 = L3) and CuCl(H2O)(Mpz∗T-O2) (2) (Mpz∗T-O2 = L4) were synthesized by the reaction of 2,4,6-tri(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-1,3,5-triazine (L1) or 2,4,6-tri(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-1,3,5-triazine (L2) with CuCl2·2H2O in anhydrous ethanol and methanol, respectively. The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, single crystal X-ray diffraction and X-ray powder diffraction. The structural characterizations and quantum mechanical calculations of the two complexes were analyzed in detail. It was found that an in site reaction occurred during the synthesis process of complexes 1 and 2, likely due to catalytic property of copper ions which leads to the C-N bond cleavage to generate new organic species, namely, Mpz∗T-(EtO)2 (L3) and Mpz∗T-O2 (L4).

  16. Effect of combined treatment with micelle-incorporated cisplatin (NC-6004) and S-1 on human gastric cancer xenografts. (United States)

    Kudo, Masahisa; Yamamoto, Yoshiyuki; Koga, Yoshikatsu; Hamaguchi, Tetsuya; Akimoto, Tetsuo; Yasunaga, Masahiro; Matsumura, Yasuhiro


    Combination therapy with S-1 and cisplatin (CDDP) is the standard chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer in Japan; however, its administration requires hospitalization for hydration to prevent nephrotoxicity from CDDP. By contrast, NC-6004 appears to reduce the renal toxicity of CDDP and may be used on an outpatient basis. Thus, the effects of combined treatment with S-1 and NC-6004 were compared with those of S-1 and CDDP in a human gastric cancer model. In vitro cytotoxic effects were investigated in 44As3Luc, MKN45 and MKN74 human gastric cancer cell lines. The effects of NC-6004 and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) were compared with the effects of CDDP and 5-FU using the combination index method. The in vivo antitumor effects of S-1/NC-6004 and S-1/CDDP were evaluated in mice bearing 44As3Luc xenografts. Both combinations exhibited synergistic activity in MKN45 and MKN74 cells and additive effects in 44As3Luc cells. Moreover, the in vivo antitumor effects did not differ between the S-1/NC-6004 and S-1/CDDP treatment groups. However, a significantly lower body weight loss was observed in S-1/NC-6004-treated mice compared with the S-1/CDDP-treated mice. Our data warrant a clinical evaluation of S-1/NC-6004 combination therapy.

  17. Human noncoding RNA 886 (nc886) adopts two structurally distinct conformers that are functionally opposing regulators of PKR. (United States)

    Calderon, Brenda M; Conn, Graeme L


    The double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-activated protein kinase (PKR) senses dsRNA produced during viral infection and halts cellular protein synthesis to block viral replication. How basal PKR activity is controlled in the absence of infection was unclear until the recent identification of a potential endogenous regulator, the cellular noncoding RNA 886 (nc886). However, nc886 adopts two distinct conformations for which the structural details and potential functional differences remain unclear. Here, we isolated and separately dissected the function of each form of nc886 to more clearly define the molecular mechanism of nc886-mediated PKR inhibition. We show that nc886 adopts two stable, noninterconverting RNA conformers that are functionally nonequivalent using complementary RNA structure probing and mutational analyses combined with PKR binding and activity assays. One conformer acts as a potent inhibitor, while the other is a pseudoinhibitor capable of weakly activating the kinase. We mapped the nc886 region necessary for high affinity binding and potent inhibition of PKR to an apical stem-loop structure present in only one conformer of the RNA. This structural feature is not only critical for inhibiting PKR autophosphorylation, but also the phosphorylation of its cellular substrate, the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α subunit. The identification of different activities of the nc886 conformers suggests a potential mechanism for producing a gradient of PKR regulation within the cell and reveals a way by which a cellular noncoding RNA can mask or present a structural feature to PKR for inhibition.

  18. Historia clínica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Martínez Hernández


    Full Text Available La historia clínica ha estado regulada hasta la actualidad por diferentes disposiciones legislativas con base en la Ley General de Sanidad 14/1986, de 25 de abril. Con la Ley 41/2002, de 14 de noviembre, básica y reguladora de la autonomía del paciente y de derechos y obligaciones en materia de información y documentaciónclínica, se actualizan los derechos y obligaciones de los pacientes o usuarios y profesionales, entre ellos los relativos a la historia clínica. En el presente artículo, se expone el contenido de la Ley 41/2002 y referencias a otras normas legislativas y fuentes bibliográficas. La Ley define la historia clínica, sus contenidos, funciones y usos, su soporte y conservación, aclara la propiedad de la historia clínica y recoge las características de acceso y custodia, así como la privacidad y confidencialidad de la historia clínica.

  19. Esterification and Chemoselective Synthesis of R-Tetrahydrothiazo-2- thione-4-carboxylic Esters Catalyzed by TiCl4

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHANG Yan-mei; LI Jing; SONG Zhi-guang; LI Ye-zhi; HUANG Hua-min


    A series of esters of R-tetrahydrothiazo-2-thione-4-carboxylic acid[ R-TTCA] was synthesized by direct esterification of R-TTCA with alcohols(CH3OH, C2H5OH, n-C3H7OH, i-C3H7OH, n-C4H9OH, sec-C4H9OH) in the presence of TiCl4 as the catalyst at room temperature without using any other solvent or dehydrant in high yields,91.6%-99.1% for primary alcohols and 55%- 80% for secondary alcohols. The catalyst has a strong chemoselecfive activity for the esterification of primary alcohols with R-TTCA in the presence of secondary alcohols. Owing to high yield, high chemoselectivity, and mild conditions used, this is an efficient method for the esterification of primary alcohols with R-TTCA.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王淑兰; 王伟; 王川华; 张丽君


    采用循环伏安方法研究了1173 K时CaCl2-0.5%CaO(摩尔分数)和等摩尔CaCl2-X-0.5%CaO(X=NaCl,BaCl2,LiCl)熔盐中CaO在Mo电极上的阴极行为.研究结果表明,CaCl2与CaO电离的Ca计具有不同的离子结构和还原电势,在1173 K时其还原峰电势分别为-2.15和-1.51 V.等摩尔混合熔盐CaCl2-x-0.5%CaO(x=NaCl,BaCl2)中,CaO诱发电解质产生低电位沉积,降低了混合熔盐的电化学稳定性.通过阴极扫描电流峰密度与扫描速率的关系,计算出1173 K时CaO电离的Ca2+在CaCl2-0.5%CaO,等摩尔的CaCl2-NaCl-0.5%CaO,CaCl2-BaCl2-0.5%CaO和CaCl2-LiCl-0.5%CaO熔盐中的扩散系数,分别为6.42×10-5,1.56×10-5,1.20×10-5和6.79×10-5 cm2/s.

  1. Integrated CAD/CAM/CNC system based on STEP-NC and intelligent manufacturing (United States)

    Du, Juan; Tian, Xitian; Zhang, Zhenming; Xu, Jianxin; Zhu, Mingquan


    In order to realize bi-direction exchange of information and knowledge sharing between CAD/CAM systems and CNC machines, a method of information integration was proposed based on process data model and STEP-NC neutral file. A frame of integrated CAD/CAM/CNC systems was established, and the key integration techniques including process data modeling based on XML form and automatic feature recognition were studied. Since the STEP-NC based CNC (STEP- CNC) system can undertake various intelligent functions that cannot be performed by the conventional CNC based on ISO 6983, the intelligent manufacturing functions of STEP- CNC system was also discussed. The presented methodology combining with the modern net and communication technologies provides an effective means for developing intelligent, integrated manufacturing systems for the 21 century.

  2. Assessment Method of Heavy NC Machine Reliability Based on Bayes Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雷; 王太勇; 胡占齐


    It is difficult to collect the prior information for small-sample machinery products when their reliability is assessed by using Bayes method. In this study, an improved Bayes method with gradient reliability (GR) results as prior information was proposed to solve the problem. A certain type of heavy NC boring and milling machine was considered as the research subject, and its reliability model was established on the basis of its functional and structural characteristics and working principle. According to the stress-intensity interference theory and the reli-ability model theory, the GR results of the host machine and its key components were obtained. Then the GR results were deemed as prior information to estimate the probabilistic reliability (PR) of the spindle box, the column and the host machine in the present method. The comparative studies demonstrated that the improved Bayes method was applicable in the reliability assessment of heavy NC machine tools.

  3. 数控专用主板设计%The design of NC special motherboard

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张赞秋; 高岩; 罗迪; 杨松山; 苏升力


    Application of NC system based on the harsh environment, presents a special CNC design of the motherboard, the motherboard integrated design. For vibration, dust, strong electromagnetic interference and other issues put forward a solution, discussed a number of ways so as to meet NC System requirements.%根据数控系统应用的严酷环境,介绍了一种数控专用主板的设计.该主板一体化设计,并针对振动、粉尘、强烈电磁干扰等问题提出了一个解决方案,讨论了一些方法使之满足数控系统要求.

  4. Entanglement Entropy Renormalization for the NC scalar field coupled to classical BTZ geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Jurić, Tajron


    In this work, we consider a noncommutative (NC) massless scalar field coupled to the classical nonrotational BTZ geometry. In a manner of the theories where the gravity emerges from the underlying scalar field theory, we study the effective action and the entropy derived from this noncommutative model. In particular, the entropy is calculated by making use of the two different approaches, the brick wall method and the heat kernel method designed for spaces with conical singularity. We show that the UV divergent structures of the entropy, obtained through these two different methods, agree with each other. It is also shown that the same renormalization condition that removes the infinities from the effective action can also be used to renormalize the entanglement entropy for the same system. Besides, the interesting feature of the NC model considered here is that it allows an interpretation in terms of an equivalent system comprising of a commutative massive scalar field, but in a modified geometry; that of th...

  5. Sublimation of the endohedral fullerene Er(3)N@C(80). (United States)

    Stibor, Alexander; Schefzyk, Hannah; Fortágh, József


    The heat of sublimation of the endohedral metallofullerene Er(3)N@C(80) was measured via Knudsen effusion mass spectrometry. The large molecule consists of a C(80) fullerene cage which is stabilized by a complex of three erbium atoms bounded to a nitrogen atom and has a mass of 1475 amu. The mass spectrum at a temperature of 1045 K and the relative intensities of the thermal fractions of Er(3)N@C(80) are provided. We also discuss possible thermal decomposition processes for these particles. By measuring the quantity of evaporated molecules in thermal equilibrium using a quadrupole mass spectrometer in a temperature range between 782 K and 1128 K, a value for the sublimation enthalpy of ΔH(sub) = 237 ± 7 kJ mol(-1) is obtained via the second-law method.

  6. An automatic 3D CAD model errors detection method of aircraft structural part for NC machining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Huang


    Full Text Available Feature-based NC machining, which requires high quality of 3D CAD model, is widely used in machining aircraft structural part. However, there has been little research on how to automatically detect the CAD model errors. As a result, the user has to manually check the errors with great effort before NC programming. This paper proposes an automatic CAD model errors detection approach for aircraft structural part. First, the base faces are identified based on the reference directions corresponding to machining coordinate systems. Then, the CAD models are partitioned into multiple local regions based on the base faces. Finally, the CAD model error types are evaluated based on the heuristic rules. A prototype system based on CATIA has been developed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

  7. Resonant tunnelling in nc-Si/SiO2 multilayers at room temperature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Deyuan


    Nc-Si/SiO2 multilayers were fabricated on silicon wafers in a plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition system using in situ oxidation technology,followed by three-step thermal treatments.Carrier transportation at room temperature is characterized by current voltage measurement,and negative different conductances can be observed both under forward and negative biases,which is explained by resonant tunnelling.The resonant tunnelling peak voltage is related to the thicknesses of the nc-Si and SiO2 sublayers.And the resonant tunnelling peak voltage under negative bias is larger than that under forward bias.An energy band diagram and an equivalent circuit diagram were constructed to analyze and explain the above transportation process and properties.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wu Nanxing; Sun Qinghong; Zhang Yonghong; Yu Dongling


    Based on multi-body system theory and the mainshaft system of precision NC lathe as object investigated, it is treated as a coupled rigid-flexible multi-body system which is made up of some rigid and elastic bodies in an especial linking mode. And a dynamic model is established. The problems of computing vibration characteristics are resolved by using multi-body system transfer matrix method. Results show that the mainshaft system of NC lathe is in the stable and reliable working area all the time. The method is simple and easy, the idea is clear. In addition, the method can be easily used and popularized in the other multi-body system.

  9. $1/N_C$ Corrections to $g_A$ in the Light of PCAC

    CERN Document Server

    Alkofer, R


    We comment on recently discovered $1/N_C$ corrections to the ` nucleon axial current in the framework of the Nambu--Jona-Lasinio soliton. This kind of corrections arises only for a special treatment of ordering ambiguities of collective coordinates and operators in the semiclassical quantization. In addition to the missing derivation of this special quantization scheme from first principles its na\\"\\i ve application violates partial conservation of the axial current (PCAC). We show how within this scheme PCAC can be restored and determine the corresponding $1/N_C$ corrections to the equation of motion for the chiral soliton. The resulting self-consistent solution allows to evaluate the nucleon axial coupling constant $g_A$ directly as a matrix element of the axial current as well as indirectly from the pion profile function. Enhancement is found for those baryon properties which are sensitive to the long range behavior of the pion profile.

  10. Research on cubic polynomial acceleration and deceleration control model for high speed NC machining

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong-bin LENG; Yi-jie WU; Xiao-hong PAN


    To satisfy the need of high speed NC (numerical control) machining, an acceleration and deceleration (aec/dec) control model is proposed, and the speed curve is also constructed by the cubic polynomial. The proposed control model provides continuity of acceleration, which avoids the intense vibration in high speed NC machining. Based on the discrete characteristic of the data sampling interpolation, the acc/dec control discrete mathematical model is also set up and the discrete expression of the theoretical deceleration length is obtained furthermore. Aiming at the question of hardly predetermining the deceleration point in acc/dec control before interpolation, the adaptive acc/dec control algorithm is deduced from the expressions of the theoretical deceleration length. The experimental result proves that the acc/dec control model has the characteristic of easy implementation, stable movement and low impact. The model has been applied in multi-axes high speed micro fabrication machining successfully.

  11. Aerobic oxidation of hydroxymethylfurfural and furfural by using heterogeneous Cox Oy -N@C catalysts. (United States)

    Deng, Jin; Song, Hai-Jie; Cui, Min-Shu; Du, Yi-Ping; Fu, Yao


    2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA) is considered to be a promising replacement for terephthalic acid since they share similar structures and properties. In contrast to FDCA, 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid methyl (FDCAM) has properties that allow it to be easily purified. In this work, we reported an oxidative esterification of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and furfural to prepare corresponding esters over Cox Oy -N@C catalysts using O2 as benign oxidant. High yield and selectivity of FDCAM and methyl 2-furoate were obtained under optimized conditions. Factors which influenced the product distribution were examined thoroughly. The Cox Oy -N@C catalysts were recycled five times and no significant loss of activity was detected. Characterization of the catalysts could explain such phenomena. Using XPS and TGA, we made a thorough investigation of the effects of ligand and pyrolysis temperature on catalyst activity.

  12. Nitrogen Contents on Tribological Properties of Magnetron Sputtered SiCN Coatings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    Silicon carbonitride (SiCN) coatings were deposited on silicon and tungsten carbide substrates by co-sputtering silicon and carbon in argon and nitrogen mixture atmosphere using magnetron-sputtering system. The effect of the N2concentration, RF substrate bias voltage and target current on film deposition rate, roughness, adhesion, mechanical and tribological properties of coatings were investigated. The deposition rate was found to increase with the increasing nitrogen concentration. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis showed that high nitrogen concentration in the nitrogen-argon gas mixture enhanced the incorporation of C and N but reduced the incorporation of Si. SiCN coatings have good tribological properties at a N2 concentration of approximately 60%.

  13. First direct measurement of 12C(12C,n23Mg at stellar energies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tang X.D.


    Full Text Available Neutrons produced by the carbon fusion reaction 12C(12C,n23Mg play an important role in stellar nucleosynthesis. Past studies have shown large discrepancies between experimental data and theory, leading to an uncertain cross section extrapolation at astrophysical energies. We present the first direct measurement which extends deep into the astrophysical energy range along with a new and improved extrapolation technique based on experimental data from the mirror reaction 12C(12C,p23Na. The new reaction rate has been determined with a well-defined uncertainty which exceeds the precision required by astrophysics models. Using our constrained rate, we find that 12C(12C,n23Mg is crucial to the production of Na and Al in Pop-III Pair Instability Supernovae.

  14. Heat production in growing pigs calculated according to the RQ and CN methods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, K; Chwalibog, André; Henckel, S;


    the difference. 6. In pigs receiving a cereal based diet, HE(RQ) may be expected to give 3-4% higher values than HE(CN), but in case easily available carbohydrates (glucose, sucrose) or high-fibre diets are provided, the differences may be larger. 7. Both methods were carried out with similar accuracy......-balances in general were overestimated due to losses in excreta. 5. The difference between HE(RQ) and HE(CN) was not constant. It was smallest when fat synthesis and fat deposition were low (2-3.5%) and greatest when fat synthesis and fat deposition were high (7-9%). The presence of dietary fatty acids may affect...

  15. Improvement of the cold neutron beam line (CN-3) in KUR for neutron optical device development (United States)

    Kawabata, Yuji; Hino, Masahiro; Tasaki, Seiji; Ebisawa, Toru; Maruyama, Ryuji; Horie, Takashi


    The cold neutron beam line CN-3 in Kyoto University Reactor (KUR) is being renewed for dedicating to the development of neutron optical devices. CN-3 has a supermirror guide tube with the cross-section of 20 mm (width)× 90 mm (height), and the wide-band neutron spectrum is available. New beam lines are prepared for both time-of-flight (TOF) and monochromatic experiments including a neutron reflectivity measurement. It has a polarized neutron option with a very low magnetic field to cope with polarized neutron devices. In particular, the TOF mode will be used for developing devices, which are suitable for pulsed neutron sources. Cold neutron radiography is also available within a space of 1 m×0.8 m. A neutron imaging plate system is prepared as the neutron imaging detection.

  16. Structure and property relationships of amorphous CN sub x a joint experimental and theoretical study

    CERN Document Server

    Santos, M C D


    Amorphous CN sub x and CN sub x :H have been prepared by the ion beam assisted deposition technique. Samples were characterized through X-ray and UV photoemission, IR absorption and Raman spectroscopies. These spectra have been interpreted with the aid of quantum chemical calculations based upon the Hartree-Fock theory on several molecular models. The understanding of the electronic and structural properties of the amorphous alloy as a function of nitrogen content could help in the task of synthesizing the metastable silicon-nitride like-phase beta-C sub 3 N sub 4 , a solid which has been predicted to be as hard as diamond. The physical picture emerging from the present study helps to clarify the difficulties in obtaining the crystalline phase of the material, suggesting new experimental directions for syntheses.

  17. Nitrogen Contents on Tribological Properties of Magnetron Sputtered SiCN Coatings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    Silicon carbonitride (SiCN) coatings were deposited on silicon and tungsten carbide substrates by co-sputtering silicon and carbon in argon and nitrogen mixture atmosphere using magnetron-sputtering system. The effect of the N2 concentration, RF substrate bias voltage and target current on film deposition rate, roughness, adhesion, mechanical and tribological properties of coatings were investigated. The deposition rate was found to increase with the increasing nitrogen concentration. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis showed that high nitrogen concentration in the nitrogen-argon gas mixture enhanced the incorporation of C and N but reduced the incorporation of Si. SiCN coatings have good tribological properties at a N2 concentration of approximately 60%.

  18. Four Quark cn - nbar cbar States in U(12)-Scheme and X(3872)/Y(3940)

    CERN Document Server

    Ishida, M; Maeda, T; Ishida, Muneyuki; Ishida, Shin; Maeda, Tomohito


    The properties of four quark cn - nbar cbar states are investigated as cn di-quark and nbar cbar di-antiquark system in U(12)-classification scheme of hadrons, recently proposed by us. We consider the negative-parity di-quark and di-antiquark in ground states, which form with the ordinary positive-parity ones the respective linear representations of chiral symmetry. The masses and widths of ground-states are predicted by using Joint Spring Quark Model, and the observed properties of X(3872) and Y(3940) are consistent, respectively, with those of the JPC=1++ and 2++ states from the negative-parity di-quark and di-antiquark. Their narrow-widths are explained from a kind of conservation law, called rho3-line rule. The properties of ground-state cs - sbar cbar system are also predicted in this scheme.

  19. The NC2 domain of type IX collagen determines the chain register of the triple helix. (United States)

    Boudko, Sergei P; Bächinger, Hans Peter


    Precise mapping and unraveling the mechanism of interaction or degradation of a certain type of collagen triple helix requires the generation of short and stable collagenous fragments. This is a great challenge especially for hetero-trimeric collagens, where chain composition and register (stagger) are important factors. No system has been reported that can be efficiently used to generate a natural collagenous fragment with exact chain composition and desired chain register. The NC2 domain (only 35-50 residues) of FACIT collagens is a potent trimerization domain. In the case of type IX collagen it provides the efficient selection and hetero-trimerization of three distinct chains. The ability of the NC2 domain to determine the chain register of the triple helix is studied. We generated three possible sequence combinations (α1α1α2, α1α2α1, α2α1α1) of a type I collagen fragment (the binding region for the von Willebrand factor A3 domain) attached to the NC2 domain. In addition, two control combinations were produced that constitute homo-trimers of (α1)(3) or (α2)(3). For the hetero-trimeric constructs, α1α1α2 demonstrated a higher melting temperature than the other two. Binding experiments with the von Willebrand factor A3 domain revealed the homo-trimer of (α1)(3) as the strongest binding construct, whereas the homo-trimer of (α2)(3) showed no binding. For hetero-trimers, α1α1α2 was found to be the strongest binding construct. Differences in thermal stability and binding to the A3 domain unambiguously demonstrate that the NC2 domain of type IX collagen determines not only the chain composition but also the chain register of the adjacent triple helix.

  20. Discretization effects in $N_c=2$ QCD and Random Matrix Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Kieburg, Mario; Zafeiropoulos, Savvas


    We summarize the analytical solution of the Chiral Perturbation Theory for the Hermitian Wilson Dirac operator of $N_c=2$ QCD with quarks in the fundamental representation. Results have been obtained for the quenched microscopic spectral density, the distribution of the chiralities over the real modes and the chiral condensate. The analytical results are compared with results from a Monte Carlo simulation of the corresponding Random Matrix Theory.

  1. Electromagnetic Form Factors of Hadrons in Dual-Large $N_c$ QCD

    CERN Document Server

    Dominguez, C A


    In this talk, results are presented of determinations of electromagnetic form factors of hadrons (pion, proton, and $\\Delta(1236)$) in the framework of Dual-Large $N_c$ QCD (Dual-$QCD_\\infty$). This framework improves considerably tree-level VMD results by incorporating an infinite number of zero-width resonances, with masses and couplings fixed by the dual-resonance (Veneziano-type) model.

  2. Development of a community cancer education program: the Forsyth County, NC cervical cancer prevention project.


    Michielutte, R; Dignan, M B; Wells, H B; Young, L. D.; Jackson, D S; Sharp, P C


    The authors outline the development and implementation of a public health education program for cervical cancer screening among black women in Forsyth County, NC. The educational program includes distributing electronic and printed information media messages, a program of direct education for women, and providing information on current issues in cervical screening to primary-care physicians. Program development was based on social marketing principles, the PRECEDE model, and the communication...


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    The methods of identifying geometric error parameters for NC machine tools are introduced. According to analyzing and comparing the different methods, a new method-displacement method with 9 lines is developed based on the theories of the movement errors of multibody system (MBS). A lot of experiments are also made to obtain 21 terms geometric error parameters by using the error identification software based on the new method.

  4. 长虹NC-2机心通病检修

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    @@ 长虹NC-2机心是九十年代初长虹公司和日本东芝公司联合研制并成功开发的机心.该机心已陪同用户走过了近十个春秋,也大批量陆续进入了故障期.在维修中,发现该机心有如下六种通病.

  5. $(\\alpha')^4$ Corrections in Holographic Large $N_c$ QCD and $\\pi - \\pi$ Scattering

    CERN Document Server

    Parthasarathy, R


    We calculate the ${\\alpha'}^4$ corrections to the non-Abelian DBI action on the $D8$-brane in the holographic dual of large $N_c$ QCD proposed by Sakai and Sugimoto. These give rise to higher derivative terms, in particular, four derivative contact terms for the pion field with the coupling uniquely determined. We calculate the pion-pion scattering amplitude near threshold. The results respecting unitarity are in agreement with the experimental curves.

  6. Resonance sum rules from large $N_C$ and partial wave dispersive analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Guo, Zhi-Hui


    Combining large $N_C$ techniques and partial wave dispersion theory to analyze the $\\pi\\pi$ scattering, without relying on any explicit resonance lagrangian, some interesting results are derived: (a) a general KSRF relation including the scalar meson contribution; (b) a new relation between resonance couplings, with which we have made an intensive analysis in several specific models; (c) low energy constants in chiral perturbation theory related with $\\pi\\pi$ scattering in terms of the mass and decay width of resonances.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    The paper defines an extended Cesàro operator Tg with holomorphic symbolg in the unit ball B of Cn asWhere g(z)= ∑j=1∑n zj g/ zj is the radial derivative of g. In this paper, the author characterizes g for which Tg is bounded (or compact) on the Bloch spaceB and the little Blochspace B0.

  8. Improvement of the integration of Soil Moisture Accounting into the NRCS-CN model (United States)

    Durán-Barroso, Pablo; González, Javier; Valdés, Juan B.


    Rainfall-runoff quantification is one of the most important tasks in both engineering and watershed management as it allows the identification, forecast and explanation of the watershed response. This non-linear process depends on the watershed antecedent conditions, which are commonly related to the initial soil moisture content. Although several studies have highlighted the relevance of soil moisture measures to improve flood modelling, the discussion is still open in the literature about the approach to use in lumped model. The integration of these previous conditions in the widely used rainfall-runoff models NRCS-CN (e.g. National Resources Conservation Service - Curve Number model) could be handled in two ways: using the Antecedent Precipitation Index (API) concept to modify the model parameter; or alternatively, using a Soil Moisture Accounting (SMA) procedure into the NRCS-CN, being the soil moisture a state variable. For this second option, the state variable does not have a direct physical representation. This make difficult the estimation of the initial soil moisture store level. This paper presents a new formulation that overcomes such issue, the rainfall-runoff model called RSSa. Its suitability is evaluated by comparing the RSSa model with the original NRCS-CN model and alternatives SMA procedures in 12 watersheds located in six different countries, with different climatic conditions, from Mediterranean to Semi-arid regions. The analysis shows that the new model, RSSa, performs better when compared with previously proposed CN-based models. Finally, an assessment is made of the influence of the soil moisture parameter for each watershed and the relative weight of scale effects over model parameterization.

  9. Beyond the SCS-CN method: A theoretical framework for spatially lumped rainfall-runoff response (United States)

    Bartlett, M. S.; Parolari, A. J.; McDonnell, J. J.; Porporato, A.


    Since its introduction in 1954, the Soil Conservation Service curve number (SCS-CN) method has become the standard tool, in practice, for estimating an event-based rainfall-runoff response. However, because of its empirical origins, the SCS-CN method is restricted to certain geographic regions and land use types. Moreover, it does not describe the spatial variability of runoff. To move beyond these limitations, we present a new theoretical framework for spatially lumped, event-based rainfall-runoff modeling. In this framework, we describe the spatially lumped runoff model as a point description of runoff that is upscaled to a watershed area based on probability distributions that are representative of watershed heterogeneities. The framework accommodates different runoff concepts and distributions of heterogeneities, and in doing so, it provides an implicit spatial description of runoff variability. Heterogeneity in storage capacity and soil moisture are the basis for upscaling a point runoff response and linking ecohydrological processes to runoff modeling. For the framework, we consider two different runoff responses for fractions of the watershed area: "prethreshold" and "threshold-excess" runoff. These occur before and after infiltration exceeds a storage capacity threshold. Our application of the framework results in a new model (called SCS-CNx) that extends the SCS-CN method with the prethreshold and threshold-excess runoff mechanisms and an implicit spatial description of runoff. We show proof of concept in four forested watersheds and further that the resulting model may better represent geographic regions and site types that previously have been beyond the scope of the traditional SCS-CN method.

  10. Laboratory Detections of Cyanothioformaldehyde (hcscn) and Mercaptoacetonitrile (HSCH_2CN) by Cp-Ftmw Spectroscopy (United States)

    Zaleski, Daniel P.; Neill, Justin L.; Muckle, Matt T.; Seifert, Nathan A.; Steber, Amanda A.; Harris, Brent J.; Pate, Brooks H.; Lattanzi, Valerio; McCarthy, Michael; Remijan, Anthony J.


    We have previously reported results for reaction product screening of potential interstellar molecules using broadband rotational spectroscopy. This approach was applied to the reaction products created in an electrical discharge of CH_3CN and H_2S. By screening the product mixture with molecular rotational spectroscopy it is possible to directly compare laboratory and observatory surveys to identify overlapping transitions. Also, as the product molecules are identified, it becomes possible to propose the formation mechanism in the experiment and use this chemical insight to propose new candidate products. For the electrical discharge chemistry of CH_3CN and H_2S radical-radical recombination reactions followed by elimination of molecular hydrogen were inferred to be important and has led to the laboratory identification of additional products - HCSCN and HSCH_2CN. A previous mm-wave study of HCSCN motivated by its possibility as an interstellar species reported a pure rotational spectrum different form the one we obtain. A Kraitchman substitution structure confirms the assignment of our spectrum to HCSCN. Possible causes for the discrepancy in microwave and mm-wave rotational spectroscopy results will be discussed. The HSCH_2CN rotational spectrum shows two low-lying torsional levels that can interact through proton tunneling as is observed in the structurally similar propargyl alcohol. The design of a 40-60 GHz CP-FTMW, used to aid in the laboratory analysis of HCSCN, is also briefly presented. D.P. Zaleski et al. 66th OSU ISMS: WF01. M. Bogey et al. JACS, 111, (1989), 7399.

  11. Vector-Valued Dirichlet-Type Functions on the Unit Ball of Cn

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Ying-kui; LIU Pei-de


    The vector-valued Dirichlet-type spaces on the unit ball of Cn is introduced. We discuss the pointwise multipliers of Dirichlet-type spaces. Sufficient conditions of the pointwise multipliers of D2μ for 0≤μ<2 if n=1 or D2μ,q for 0<μ<1 if n≥2 are given. Finally, Rademacher p-type space is characterized by vector-valued sequence spaces.

  12. Effect of Potassium and C/N Ratios on Conversion of NH+4 in Soils

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Yan; WANG Xiao-Zhi; ZHAO Hai-Tao; FENG Ke


    Two soils, one consisting of 1:1 clay minerals at pH 4.5 and the other containing 2:1 clay minerals at pH 7.0, were used to estimate the conversion of added NH+4 under different C/N ratios (glucose as the C source) and the addition of potassium. Under lower C/N ratios (0:1 and 5:1), a large part of the added NH+4 in the acid soil was held in the forms of either exchangeable or water soluble NH+4 for a relatively long time and under higher C/N ratio (50:1), a large amount of the added NH+4 was directly immobilized by microorganisms. In the second soil containing appreciable 2:1 type clay minerals a large part of the added NH+4 at first quickly entered the interlayer of the minerals under both lower and higher C/N ratios. In second condition, however, owing to microbial assimilation stimulated by glucose the newly fixed NH+4 could be completely released in further incubation because of a large concentration gradicnt between external NH+4 and fixed NH+4 in the mineral interlayer caused by heterotrophic microorganisms, which imply the fixed NH+4 to be available to plants. The results also showed that if a large amount of K+ with carbon source together was added to soil, the higher K+ concentration of soil solution could impede the release of fixed NH+4, even if there was a lot of carbon source.

  13. Identification of the c(10×6)-CN/Cu(001) surface structure

    KAUST Repository

    Shuttleworth, I.G.


    © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. A systematic survey of all possible c(10 x 6)-CN/Cu(0 0 1) structures has been performed using density functional theory (DFT). A group of four preferred structures is presented with one of the structures identified as optimal. An analysis of the bonding within the optimal structure has shown that a significant localisation of the surface Cu 4s bonds occurs in the saturated system.

  14. Synthesis of azoaromatic dyes via redox driven C-N bond fusion. (United States)

    Sinan, Mominul; Panda, Manashi; Banerjee, Priyabrata; Shinisha, C B; Sunoj, Raghavan B; Goswami, Sreebrata


    Two novel organic azo-dyes (2(+)) that feature an intense intramolecular charge transfer transition with end absorption reaching into the NIR region are introduced. Syntheses of these compounds were achieved by an unusual redox-driven C-N bond fusion of the tricyclo azo-aromatic compounds (1(+)). The compounds show reversible electro- as well as proton chromism. The results have generated further scope of research in the area of designed syntheses of functional azoaromatics.

  15. Collisional metastability of high rotational states of CN(X 2Σ +, ? = 0) (United States)

    Hay, S.; Shokoohi, F.; Callister, S.; Wittig, C.


    CN(X 2Σ +, v'' = 0) high rotational states relax slowly via 300 K collisions with Ar and Kr. Relaxation decreases with increasing rotation, and the partially relaxed distributions are bimodal, with low N'' thermalized (300 K), and N'' = 80 unrelaxed after 1000 collisions. Relaxation by N 2, CO, and Xe is similar to Ar and Kr, but more efficient. He and NO remove many quanta in a single collision.

  16. Pseudopotential Density-Functional Calculations for Structures of Small Carbon Clusters CN (N = 2~8)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BAI Yu-Lin; CHEN Xiang-Rong; YANG Xiang-Dong; LU Peng-Fei


    We introduce a first-principles density-functional theory, i.e. the finite-difference pseudopotential densityfunctional theory in real space and the Langevin molecular dynamics annealing technique, to the descriptions of structures and some properties of small carbon clusters (CN, N = 2 ~ 8). It is shown that the odd-numbered clusters have linear structures and most of the even-numbered clusters prefer cyclic structures.

  17. Density of Saturated Nuclear Matter at Large $N_{c}$ and Heavy Quark Mass Limits

    CERN Document Server

    Adhikari, Prabal; Datta, Ishaun


    We exhibit the existence of stable, saturated nuclear matter in the large $N_{c}$ and heavy quark mass limits of QCD. In this limit, baryons (with the same spin flavor structure) interact at leading order in $N_{c}$ via a repulsive interaction due to the Pauli exclusion principle and at subleading order in $1/N_c$ via the exchange of glueballs. Assuming that the lightest glueball is a scalar, which implies that the subleading baryon interaction is attractive, we find that nuclear matter saturates since the subleading attractive interaction is longer ranged than the leading order repulsive one. We find that the saturated matter is in the form of a crystal with either a face-centered cubic or a hexagonal-close-packed symmetry with baryon densities of $\\mathcal{O}((\\, \\tilde{\\alpha}_{s} m_q (\\ln (N_{c}m_{q}\\Lambda_{\\textrm{QCD}}^{-1}))^{-1})^3 )$. Remarkably, the leading order expression for the density of saturated nuclear matter is independent of the lighest glueball mass and scalar-glueball-baryon coupling in...

  18. Bayesian Reliability Modeling and Assessment Solution for NC Machine Tools under Small-sample Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Zhaojun; KAN Yingnan; CHEN Fei; XU Binbin; CHEN Chuanhai; YANG Chuangui


    Although Markov chain Monte Carlo(MCMC) algorithms are accurate, many factors may cause instability when they are utilized in reliability analysis; such instability makes these algorithms unsuitable for widespread engineering applications. Thus, a reliability modeling and assessment solution aimed at small-sample data of numerical control(NC) machine tools is proposed on the basis of Bayes theories. An expert-judgment process of fusing multi-source prior information is developed to obtain the Weibull parameters’ prior distributions and reduce the subjective bias of usual expert-judgment methods. The grid approximation method is applied to two-parameter Weibull distribution to derive the formulas for the parameters’ posterior distributions and solve the calculation difficulty of high-dimensional integration. The method is then applied to the real data of a type of NC machine tool to implement a reliability assessment and obtain the mean time between failures(MTBF). The relative error of the proposed method is 5.8020×10-4 compared with the MTBF obtained by the MCMC algorithm. This result indicates that the proposed method is as accurate as MCMC. The newly developed solution for reliability modeling and assessment of NC machine tools under small-sample data is easy, practical, and highly suitable for widespread application in the engineering field; in addition, the solution does not reduce accuracy.

  19. Joint NC-ARQ and AMC for QoS-Guaranteed Mobile Multicast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schwefel Hans-Peter


    Full Text Available In mobile multicast transmissions, the receiver with the worst instantaneous channel condition limits the transmission data rate under the desired Quality-of-Service (QoS constraints. If Automatic Repeat reQuest (ARQ schemes are applied, the selection of Adaptive Modulation and Coding (AMC mode will not necessarily be limited by the worst channel anymore, and improved spectral efficiency may be obtained in the efficiency-reliability tradeoff. In this paper, we first propose a Network-Coding-based ARQ (NC-ARQ scheme in its optimal form and suboptimal form (denoted as Opt-ARQ and SubOpt-ARQ, resp. to solve the scalability problem of applying ARQ in multicast. Then we propose two joint NC-ARQ-AMC schemes, namely, the Average PER-based AMC (AvgPER-AMC with Opt-ARQ and AvgPER-AMC with SubOpt-ARQ in a cross-layer design framework to maximize the average spectral efficiency per receiver under specific QoS constraints. The performance is analyzed under Rayleigh fading channels for different group sizes, and numerical results show that significant gains in spectral efficiency can be achieved with the proposed joint NC-ARQ-AMC schemes compared with the existing multicast ARQ and/or AMC schemes.

  20. Cn-AMP2 from green coconut water is an anionic anticancer peptide. (United States)

    Prabhu, Saurabh; Dennison, Sarah R; Mura, Manuela; Lea, Robert W; Snape, Timothy J; Harris, Frederick


    Globally, death due to cancers is likely to rise to over 20 million by 2030, which has created an urgent need for novel approaches to anticancer therapies such as the development of host defence peptides. Cn-AMP2 (TESYFVFSVGM), an anionic host defence peptide from green coconut water of the plant Cocos nucifera, showed anti-proliferative activity against the 1321N1 and U87MG human glioma cell lines with IC50 values of 1.25 and 1.85 mM, respectively. The membrane interactive form of the peptide was found to be an extended conformation, which primarily included β-type structures (levels > 45%) and random coil architecture (levels > 45%). On the basis of these and other data, it is suggested that the short anionic N-terminal sequence (TES) of Cn-AMP2 interacts with positively charged moieties in the cancer cell membrane. Concomitantly, the long hydrophobic C-terminal sequence (YFVFSVGM) of the peptide penetrates the membrane core region, thereby driving the translocation of Cn-AMP2 across the cancer cell membrane to attack intracellular targets and induce anti-proliferative mechanisms. This work is the first to demonstrate that anionic host defence peptides have activity against human glioblastoma, which potentially provides an untapped source of lead compounds for development as novel agents in the treatment of these and other cancers.

  1. First on-sky results of the CO-SLIDAR Cn2 profiler

    CERN Document Server

    Voyez, Juliette; Conan, Jean-Marc; Mugnier, Laurent M; Samain, Etienne; Ziad, Aziz


    COupled SLope and scIntillation Detection And Ranging (CO-SLIDAR) is a recent profiling method of the vertical distribution of atmospheric turbulence strength ($C_n^2$ profile). It takes advantage of correlations of slopes and of scintillation, both measured with a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor on a binary star. In this paper, we present the improved CO-SLIDAR reconstruction method of the $C_n^2$ profile and the first on-sky results of the CO-SLIDAR profiler. We examine CO-SLIDAR latest performance in simulation, taking into account the detection noise bias and estimating error bars along with the turbulence profile. The estimated $C_n^2$ profiles demonstrate the accuracy of the CO-SLIDAR method, showing sensitivity to both low and high altitude turbulent layers. CO-SLIDAR is tested on-sky for the first time, on the $1.5$~m MeO (M\\'etrologie Optique) telescope at Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur (France). The reconstructed profiles are compared to turbulence profiles estimated from meteorological data and a g...

  2. l3a81nc.m77t - MGD77 data file for Geophysical data from field activity L-3A-81-NC in Central Coast, Northern California from 04/16/1981 to 04/26/1981 (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Single-beam bathymetry, gravity, and magnetic data along with DGPS navigation data was collected as part of field activity L-3A-81-NC in Central Coast, Northern...

  3. 新孢子虫NcSAG4基因克隆及原核表达%Cloning and prokaryotic expression of the Neospora caninum NcSAG4 gene in Escherichia coli

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李赫; 丁鹤; 李建华; 刘畅; 宫鹏涛; 王伟利; 杨举; 张国才; 张西臣


    Objective To construct a prokaryotic expression vector of the Neospora caninum NcSAG4 gene and express it in Escherichia coli. Methods Special primers were designed on the basis of the reported Neosporosis NcSAG4 gene. The NcSAG4 gene was amplified by PCR from the total DNA of N. caninum and was cloned into pMD-18-T to construct pMD-NcSAG4. The plasmid pMD-NcSAG4 was then digested with restriction ribozymes and subcloned into prokaryotic expression plasmid pGEX-T to construct pGEX-NcSAG4. It was then expressed in E. coli BL21 (DE3) induced with IPTG. The fusion product was identified by SDS-PAGE and Western blot. Results A prokaryotic expression vector of the NcSAG4 gene was constructed and expressed in E. coli. Induced with IPTG, the expressed recombinant protein was detected as a band of 18. 79 ku by SDS-PAGE. A special reaction band to anti-NcSAG4 sera was observed in Western blot. Conclusion The fusion protein of NcSAG4 gene was successfully expressed in prokaryotic cells and it has the potential to facilitate diagnosis via ELISA.%目的 构建新孢子虫NcSAG4基因原核表达载体,并在大肠埃希菌BL21 (DE3)中表达.方法 根据新孢子虫NcSAG4基因序列设计特异性引物,以新孢子虫总核酸为模板PCR扩增目的片段,与pMD-18-T连接,构建克隆载体pMD-NcSAG4,经双酶切后回收目的片段,与表达载体pGEX-T连接,构建原核表达载体pGEX-NcSAG4,用IPTG诱导,通过SDS-PAGE及Western blot进行鉴定.结果 成功构建了新孢子虫NcSAG4基因原核表达载体pGEX-Nc-SAG4;SDS-PAGE电泳显示,在IPTG诱导下阳性菌高效表达了分子质量单位为18.79 ku的蛋白质;Western blot显示表达产物可被抗新孢子虫的多克隆血清识别.结论 成功构建了NcSAG4基因原核表达载体,并在大肠埃希菌BL21(DE3)中高效表达,为建立经济、实用的诊断新孢子虫病的ELISA方法奠定了基础.

  4. l477nc.m77t - MGD77 data file for Geophysical data from field activity L-4-77-NC in Northern California from 05/10/1977 to 05/21/1977 (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Single-beam bathymetry, gravity, and magnetic data along with DGPS navigation data was collected as part of field activity L-4-77-NC in Northern California from...

  5. l382nc.m77t - MGD77 data file for Geophysical data from field activity L-3-82-NC in Off San Mateo County, Northern California from 02/27/1982 to 03/01/1982 (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Single-beam bathymetry, gravity, and magnetic data along with DGPS navigation data was collected as part of field activity L-3-82-NC in Off San Mateo County,...

  6. l282nc.m77t - MGD77 data file for Geophysical data from field activity L-2-82-NC in Off San Mateo, Northern California from 02/07/1982 to 02/12/1982 (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Single-beam bathymetry, gravity, and magnetic data along with DGPS navigation data was collected as part of field activity L-2-82-NC in Off San Mateo, Northern...

  7. c180nc.m77t - MGD77 data file for Geophysical data from field activity C-1-80-NC in Monterey Bay, Northern California from 05/21/1980 to 05/22/1980 (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Single-beam bathymetry data along with transit satellite navigation data was collected as part of field activity C-1-80-NC in Monterey Bay, Northern California from...

  8. Strengthening and Toughening Effect of Yttrium on Al2O3/TiCN Ceramic Tool Material

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    The strengthening and toughening effect of yttrium on an advanced Al2O3/TiCN ceramic tool material was studied by means of SEM, TEM and energy spectrum analysis. Results showed that yttrium can react with the impurity elements such as W, Fe, Cr, etc. Thus, the interfaces between ceramic phases are purified and the interfacial binding strength is increased. As a result, the mechanical properties of the Al2O3/TiCN ceramic tool material reinforced with yttrium are improved significantly. In addition, the effect of yttrium on particle strengthening of the solid solution TiCN may partly contribute to the improvement of the mechanical properties.

  9. Molecular Dynamics Simulation and Experimental Study of DNTF on Plasticizing Properties of NC%DNTF 对 NC 塑化特性的分子动力学模拟及实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟玲玲; 齐晓飞; 王江宁; 樊学忠


    为研究 DNTF 对 CMDB 推进剂力学性能的作用机理,通过分子动力学模拟方法建立了 NC 纯物质和 NC/DNTF 共混物分子模型,研究了 DNTF 对 NC 塑化过程中微观结构的影响,采用拉伸试验研究了 DNTF 对 CMDB推进剂力学性能的影响。结果表明,DNTF 与 NC 分子形成氢键,使 NC 内分子的氢键减弱,NC 分子的刚性降低;加入 DNTF 后,DNTF-CMDB 推进剂的抗拉强度降低、延伸率增加;20℃时延伸率由8.69%增加到33.6%,50℃时延伸率由14.86%增加到45.6%。分子动力学模拟计算结果与拉伸试验结果一致。%To investigate the acting mechanism of 3,4-dinitrofurazanfuroxan (DNTF)on the mechanical properties of CMDB propellants,the molecular models of nitrocellulose (NC)pure substance and NC/ DNTF blends were established by molecular dynamics simulation method.The effects of DNTF on the microstructure of NC in plastici-zing process were studied.The effects of DNTF on the mechanical properties of CMDB propellants were explored using the tensile test.Results show that DNTF and NC molecules form hydrogen bonds,which make the inner-molecule hydrogen bonds for NC weaken and the rigidity of NC molecules reduce.After addition of DNTF in CMDB propellants,the elongation of the DNTF-CMDB propellant increases,while the tensile strength decreases.The elongation increases from 8.69% to 33.6% at 20℃ and increases from 14.86 to 45.6% at 50℃.The results of molecular dynamics simulation are in agreement with those of tensile test.

  10. Cloning and prokaryotic expression of bovine Neospora caninum NcGRA7 gene%牛源犬新孢子虫NcGRA7基因的克隆及原核表达分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾立军; 张守发; 李男礼


    为了解牛源犬新孢子虫NcGRA7基因的生物学特性,本实验采用PCR技术扩增牛源犬新孢子虫NcGRA7基因,并连接至pMD-18T载体中,构建重组质粒pMD 18-NcGRA7,经PCR、酶切鉴定及测序分析,将NcGRA7基因连接到原核表达载体pGEX-4T-1中,构建重组表达质粒pGEX-NcGRA7,转化大肠杆菌BL21,筛选阳性克隆,将PCR和酶切鉴定正确的重组质粒进行IPTG诱导表达,SDS-PAGE和westem blot分析表达产物.结果表明,扩增的NcGRA7基因片段大小为701 bp,编码233个氨基酸,与GenBank中登录的NcGRA7(AF176649)核苷酸序列同源性为98.7%;western blot分析表达蛋白的分子量为52 ku,具有较好的反应原性.本实验为犬新孢子虫NcGRA7基因疫苗研究奠定了基础.

  11. 新孢子虫NcGRA2t基因的原核表达及鉴定%Prokaryotic expression of Neospora caninum NcGRA2t and identification of the bioactivity of expressed product

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金春梅; 于龙政; 张守发


    为研究新孢子虫GRA2t基因的原核表达及其表达产物的免疫活性,用EcoRI和XhoI限制性内切酶从pMD20-NcGRA2t上切下NcGRA2t基因,克隆入pGEX-4T1中构建NcGRA2t-GST融合蛋白基因的重组表达载体pGEX-4T1-Nc-GRA2t.经测序验证后,在大肠杆菌BL-21 (DE3)中诱导表达,表达产物采用谷胱甘肽-琼脂糖层析柱进行纯化.用Western blotting方法,以犬感染新孢子虫Nc1株的血清鉴定表达产物的活性.结果,构建了pGEX-4T1-NcGRA2t原核表达质粒,并在大肠杆菌BL-21(DE3)中诱导表达分子量为46 ku的NcGRA2t-GST融合蛋白,表达产物经谷胱甘肽-琼脂糖层析柱纯化后,得到N端带有GST标签的NcGAR2t蛋白.Western blotting结果显示,表达产物具有生物学活性.

  12. Syntheses, Vibrational Spectroscopy, and Crystal Structure Determination from X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data of Alkaline Earth Dicyanamides M[N(CN)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Juergens, Barbara; Irran, Elisabeth; Schnick, Wolfgang


    The alkaline earth dicyanamides Mg[N(CN){sub 2}]{sub 2}, Ca[N(CN){sub 2}]{sub 2}, Sr[N(CN){sub 2}]{sub 2}, and Ba[N(CN){sub 2}]{sub 2} were synthesized by ion exchange using Na[N(CN){sub 2}] and the respective nitrates or bromides as starting materials. The crystal structures were determined from X-ray powder diffractometry: Mg[N(CN){sub 2}]{sub 2}, Pnnm, Z=2, a=617.14(3), b=716.97(3), and c=740.35(5) pm; Ca[N(CN){sub 2}]{sub 2} and Sr[N(CN){sub 2}]{sub 2}, C2/c, Z=4; Ca[N(CN){sub 2}]{sub 2}, a=1244.55(3), b=607.97(1), and c=789.81(1) pm, {beta}=98.864(2){degree}; Sr[N(CN){sub 2}]{sub 2}, a=1279.63(2), b=624.756(8), and c=817.56(1) pm, {beta}=99.787(1){degree}; Ba[N(CN){sub 2}]{sub 2}, Pnma, Z=4, a=1368.68(7), b=429.07(7), and c=1226.26(2) pm. The dicyanamides consist of the respective alkaline earth cations and bent planar [N(CN){sub 2}]{sup -} ions. The structural features were correlated with vibrational spectroscopic data. The thermal behavior was studied by thermoanalytical experiments.

  13. [Clinical trial of the antibacterial combination sulfamoxole/trimethoprim (CN 3123)/Third communication: Clinical results of a field trial with CN 3123 in bronchopulmonary and ENT (ear/nose/throat) infections (author's transl)]. (United States)

    Etzel, M; Neuhof, F; Wesenberg, W


    The following conclusions emerged from an analysis of the therapeutic results documented during the clinical trial of N1-(4,5-dimethyl-2-oxazolyl)-sulfanilamide (sulfamoxole) and 2,4-diamino)-5-(3,4,5-trimethoxy-benzyl)-pyrimidine (trimethoprim) (CN 3123, Nevin, Supristol) in bacterial infections of the respiratory tract and ENT organs: 1. In bacterial infections of the bronchopulmonary system, the antibacterial activity of CN 3123 was demonstrated in 94% of the patients, in that 75% of patients were cured and there was a definite improvement in 19%. 2. In bacterial infections of the ENT organs, the antibacterial activity of CN 3123 was demonstrated clinically in 95% of the patients, in that 89% of the patients were cured and there was a definite improvement in 6%. 3. The clinical assessment of the activity of CN 3123 correlates closely with the results of bacteriological checks.

  14. Generating SU(Nc) pure gauge lattice QCD configurations on GPUs with CUDA and OpenMP

    CERN Document Server

    Cardoso, Nuno


    The starting point of any lattice QCD computation is the generation of a Markov chain of gauge field configurations. Due to the large number of lattice links and due to the matrix multiplications, generating SU(Nc) lattice QCD configurations is a highly demanding computational task, requiring advanced computer parallel architectures such as clusters of several Central Processing Units (CPUs) or Graphics Processing Units (GPUs). In this paper we present and explore the performance of CUDA codes for NVIDIA GPUs to generate SU(Nc) lattice QCD pure gauge configurations. Our implementation in one GPU uses CUDA and in multiple GPUs uses OpenMP and CUDA. We present optimized CUDA codes SU(2), SU(3) and SU(4). We also show a generic SU(Nc) code for Nc$\\,\\geq 4$ and compare it with the optimized version of SU(4). Our codes are publicly available for free use by the lattice QCD community.

  15. Correlation between Light Emissions from Amorphous-Si:H/SiO2 and nc-Si/SiO2 Multilayers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Zhong-Yuan; HUANG Xin-Fan; CHEN Kun-Ji; FENG Duan; HAN Pei-Gao; LI Wei; CHEN De-Yuan; WEI De-Yuan; QIAN Bo; LI Wei; XU Jun; XU Ling


    We investigate the properties of light emission from amorphous-Si:H/SiO2 and nc-Si/SiO2 multilayers (MLs). The size dependence of light emission is well exhibited when the a-Si:H sublayer thickness is thinner than 4nm and the interface states are well passivated by hydrogen. For the nc-Si/SiO2 MLs, the oxygen modified interface states and nanocrystalline silicon play a predominant role in the properties of light emission. It is found that the light emission from nc-Si/SiO2 is in agreement with the model of interface state combining with quantum confinement when the size of nc-Si is smaller than 4 nm. The role of hydrogen and oxygen is discussed in detail.

  16. Resonant Tunnelling and Storage of Electrons in Si Nanocrystals within a-SiNx/nc-Si/a-SiNx Structures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xiang; HUANG Jian; ZHANG Xian-Gao; DING Hong-Lin; YU Lin-Wei; HUANG Xin-Fan; LI Wei; XU Jun; CHEN Kun-Ji


    @@ The a-SiNx/nanocrystalline silicon (nc-Si)/a-SiNx sandwiched structures with asymmetric double-barrier are fabricated in a plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition (PECVD) system on p-type Si substrates. The nc-Si layer in thickness 5nm is fabricated from a hydrogen-diluted silane gas by the layer-by-layer deposition technique. The thicknesses of tunnel and control SiNx layers are 3nm and 20nm,respectively. Frequency-dependent capacitance spectroscopy is used to study the electron tunnelling and the storage in the sandwiched structures.Distinct frequency-dependent capacitance peaks due to electrons tunnelling into the nc-Si dots and capacitance-voltage (C- V) hysteresis characteristic due to electrons storage in the nc-Si dots are observed with the same sample.

  17. Full characterization of the Cu-, Zn-, and Cd-binding properties of CnMT1 and CnMT2, two metallothioneins of the pathogenic fungus Cryptococcus neoformans acting as virulence factors (United States)

    Palacios, Òscar; Espart, Anna; Espín, Jordi; Ding, Chen; Thiele, Dennis J.; Atrian, Sílvia; Capdevila, Mercè


    We report here the full characterization of the metal binding abilities of CnMT1 and CnMT2, two Cryptococcus neoformans proteins recently identified as metallothioneins (MTs), which have been shown to perform a crucial role for the virulence and pathogenicity of this human-infecting fungus. In this work, we first performed a thorough in silico study of the CnMT1 and CnMT2 genes, cDNAs and corresponding encoded products. Subsequently, the Zn(II)-, Cd(II)- and Cu(I) binding abilities of both proteins were fully determined through the analysis of the metal-to-protein stoichiometries and the structural features (determined by ESI-MS, CD, ICP-AES and UV-vis spectroscopies) of the corresponding recombinant Zn-, Cd- and Cu-MT preparations synthesized in metal-enriched media. Finally, the analysis of the Zn/Cd and Zn/Cu replacement processes undertaken by the respective Zn-MT complexes when allowed to react with Cd(II) or Cu(I) aqueous solutions completed the analysis. Comprehensive consideration of all gathered results allow us to consider both isoforms as genuine copper-thioneins, and led to the identification of unprecedented Cu5-core clusters in MTs. CnMT1 and CnMT2 polypeptides appear as evolutionary related to the small fungal MTs, probably by ancient tandem-duplication events responding to a high selective pressure to chelate copper, and far from the properties of Zn- and Cd-thioneins. Finally, we propose a modular structure of the Cu-CnMT1 and Cu-CnMT2 complexes basically built on the three and five-fold presence of 7-Cys units, each one yielding a Cu5-core cluster. PMID:24317230

  18. Error Analysis and Its Offset on the NC Lathe Machine in Cutting a Semi-Sphere Surface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Yu-cai; LI Cheng-zhi; LIU Chang-rong; LIU Tao; GUO Xiu-hua


    This paper analyzed the errors that occurred by leaving the shape of the cutting edge out of consideration on a NC lathe machine in cutting a semi-sphere surface and brought forward a method to offset these errors and the correct calculated formula for some parameters on the basis of experiments. It has increased the manufacturing accuracy of the semi-sphere surface on the NC lathe machine.

  19. Statistical universal branching ratios for cosmic ray dissociation, photodissociation, and dissociative recombination of the C(n=2-10), C(n=2-4)H and C3H2 neutral and cationic species

    CERN Document Server

    Chabot, M; Beroff, K; Pino, T; Padellec, A Le; Desequelles, P; Martinet, G; Nguyen-Thi, V O; Carpentier, Y; Petit, F Le; Roueff, E; Wakelam, V


    Fragmentation branching ratios of electronically excited molecular species are of first importance for the modeling of gas phase interstellar chemistry. Despite experimental and theoretical efforts that have been done during the last two decades there is still a strong lack of detailed information on those quantities for many molecules such as Cn, CnH or C3H2. Our aim is to provide astrochemical databases with more realistic branching ratios for Cn (n=2 to 10), CnH (n=2 to 4), and C3H2 molecules that are electronically excited either by dissociative recombination, photodissociation, or cosmic ray processes, when no detailed calculations or measurements exist in literature. High velocity collision in an inverse kinematics scheme was used to measure the complete fragmentation pattern of electronically excited Cn (n=2 to 10), CnH (n=2 to 4), and C3H2 molecules. Branching ratios of dissociation where deduced from those experiments. The full set of branching ratios was used as a new input in chemical models and br...

  20. Spin-current injection and detection in κ-(BEDT-TTF2Cu[N(CN2]Br

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Qiu


    Full Text Available Spin-current injection into an organic semiconductor κ-(BEDT-TTF2Cu[N(CN2]Br film induced by the spin pumping from an yttrium iron garnet (YIG film. When magnetization dynamics in the YIG film is excited by ferromagnetic or spin-wave resonance, a voltage signal was found to appear in the κ-(BEDT-TTF2Cu[N(CN2]Br film. Magnetic-field-angle dependence measurements indicate that the voltage signal is governed by the inverse spin Hall effect in κ-(BEDT-TTF2Cu[N(CN2]Br. We found that the voltage signal in the κ-(BEDT-TTF2Cu[N(CN2]Br/YIG system is critically suppressed around 80 K, around which magnetic and/or glass transitions occur, implying that the efficiency of the spin-current injection is suppressed by fluctuations which critically enhanced near the transitions.

  1. Generation of CW cold CH3CN molecular beam by a bent electostatic quadrupole guiding: Monte-Carlo study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Min YUN; Yang LIU; Lian-zhong DENG; Qi ZHOU; Jian-ping YIN


    A new kind of continuous-wave (CW) cold mo-lecular beam, methyl cyanide (CH3 CN) beam, is generated by a bent electrostatic quadrupole guiding. The Stark shift of rotational energy levels of CH,3CN molecule and its popula-tion distribution are calculated, and the dynamic processes of electrostatic guiding and energy filtering of CH3CN molecules from a gas source with room temperature (300 K) are simu-lated by Monte Carlo Method. The study showed that the lon-gitudinal and transversal temperatures of output cold CH,3CN beam could be about -2 K and-420 mK, and the corre-sponding guiding efficiency was about 10'-5 as the guiding voltage was 3 kV. Furthermore, the temperature of the guided molecules and its guiding efficiency can be controlled by ad-justing the guiding voltages applied on electrodes.

  2. Lines of Circumstellar C2, CN, and CH$^+$ in the Optical Spectra of Post-Agb Stars

    CERN Document Server

    Bakker, E J; Van Dishoeck, E F; Bakker, Eric J.; Lambert, David L.; Dishoeck, Ewine F. van


    Recent optical spectra of post-AGB stars show the presence of C2, CN, and CH+ originating in the circumstellar shell. We present here new, higher resolution spectra which provide constraints on the physical parameters and information on the line profiles. An empirical curve of growth for the C2 Phillips and CN Red system lines in the spectrum of HD 56126 yields b = 0.50 (+0.59, -0.23) km/s. CH+ (0,0) emission lines in the spectrum of the Red Rectangle have been resolved with a FWHM approx 8.5 pm 0.8 km/s. The circumstellar CN lines of IRAS 08005--2356 are resolved into two separate components with a velocity separation of Delta v = 5.7 pm 2.0 km/s. The line profiles of CN of HD 235858 have not been resolved.

  3. Implementation of Real-Time Machining Process Control Based on Fuzzy Logic in a New STEP-NC Compatible System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Po Hu


    Full Text Available Implementing real-time machining process control at shop floor has great significance on raising the efficiency and quality of product manufacturing. A framework and implementation methods of real-time machining process control based on STEP-NC are presented in this paper. Data model compatible with ISO 14649 standard is built to transfer high-level real-time machining process control information between CAPP systems and CNC systems, in which EXPRESS language is used to define new STEP-NC entities. Methods for implementing real-time machining process control at shop floor are studied and realized on an open STEP-NC controller, which is developed using object-oriented, multithread, and shared memory technologies conjunctively. Cutting force at specific direction of machining feature in side mill is chosen to be controlled object, and a fuzzy control algorithm with self-adjusting factor is designed and embedded in the software CNC kernel of STEP-NC controller. Experiments are carried out to verify the proposed framework, STEP-NC data model, and implementation methods for real-time machining process control. The results of experiments prove that real-time machining process control tasks can be interpreted and executed correctly by the STEP-NC controller at shop floor, in which actual cutting force is kept around ideal value, whether axial cutting depth changes suddenly or continuously.

  4. Electronic structure and catalytic aspects of [Ru(tpm)(bqdi)(Cl/H2O)]n, tpm = tris(1-pyrazolyl)methane and bqdi = o-benzoquinonediimine. (United States)

    Agarwala, Hemlata; Ehret, Fabian; Chowdhury, Abhishek Dutta; Maji, Somnath; Mobin, Shaikh M; Kaim, Wolfgang; Lahiri, Goutam Kumar


    The diamagnetic complexes [Ru(tpm)(bqdi)(Cl)]ClO(4) ([1]ClO(4)) (tpm = tris(1-pyrazolyl)methane, bqdi = o-benzoquinonediimine) and [Ru(tpm)(bqdi)(H(2)O)](ClO(4))(2) ([2](ClO(4))(2)) have been synthesized. The valence state-sensitive bond distances of coordinated bqdi [C-N: 1.311(5)/1.322(5) Å in [1]ClO(4); 1.316(7)/1.314(7) Å in molecule A and 1.315(6)/1.299(7) Å in molecule B of [2](ClO(4))(2)] imply its fully oxidised quinonediimine (bqdi(0)) character. DFT calculations of 1(+) confirm the {Ru(II)-bqdi(0)} versus the antiferromagnetically coupled {Ru(III)-bqdi˙(-)} alternative. The (1)H NMR spectra of [1]ClO(4) in different solvents show variations in chemical shift positions of the NH (bqdi) and CH (tpm) proton resonances due to their different degrees of acidity in different solvents. In CH(3)CN/0.1 mol dm(-3) Et(4)NClO(4), [1]ClO(4) undergoes one reversible Ru(II)⇌ Ru(III) oxidation and two reductions, the reversible first electron uptake being bqdi based (bqdi(0)/bqdi˙(-)). The electrogenerated paramagnetic species {Ru(III)-bqdi(0)}(1(2+)) and {Ru(II)-Q˙(-)}(1) exhibit Ru(III)-type (1(2+): = 2.211/Δg = 0.580) and radical-type (1: g = 1.988) EPR signals, respectively, as is confirmed by calculated spin densities (Ru: 0.767 in 1(2+), bqdi: 0.857 in 1). The aqua complex [2](ClO(4))(2) exhibits two one-electron oxidations at pH = 7, suggesting the formation of {Ru(IV)[double bond, length as m-dash]O} species. The electronic spectral features of 1(n) (n = charge associated with the different redox states of the chloro complex: 2+, 1+, 0) in CH(3)CN and of 2(2+) in H(2)O have been interpreted based on the TD-DFT calculations. The application potential of the aqua complex 2(2+) as a pre-catalyst towards the epoxidation of olefins has been explored in the presence of the sacrificial oxidant PhI(OAc)(2) in CH(2)Cl(2) at 298 K, showing the desired selectivity with a wide variety of alkenes. DFT calculations based on styrene as the model substrate predict that

  5. Theoretical study of the dipole moment function of the X2Sigma(+) state of CN. [in comets (United States)

    Langhoff, Stephen R.; Bauschlicher, Charles W., Jr.


    The X2Sigma(+) state dipole moment function of CN is determined from accurate ab initio calculations. The calculated Einstein coefficient of 13.0 /s for the fundamental 1-0 vibrational band is in excellent agreement with the value measured by Treffers (1975) using a King furnace. The theoretical vibrational band strengths should be valuable in interpreting the fluorescence spectrum of CN in comets.

  6. Formally Goes online to Create “Internet+Aluminum Product” New Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    On the afternoon of May 18,the inauguration announcement meeting for""under the Shanghai Aluminum Trade Association was held ceremoniously at the Songjiang New Century Grand Hotel,Shanghai.Liu Fusheng,Director of the Shanghai Songjiang District Commission of Economy and information Technology,Xu Guotao,President of Shanghai Aluminum Trade Association,and Zhang Rong,Chairman and founder of"WWW.Buy",General

  7. The effect of C/N ratio on ammonia oxidising bacteria community structure in a laboratory nitrification-denitrification reactor. (United States)

    Ballinger, S J; Head, I M; Curtis, T P; Godley, A R


    A laboratory scale reactor operated as a single sludge, denitrification-nitrification bioreactor (DNB), was fed a synthetic wastewater. The effect of the C/N ratio of the influent on the structure of beta-proteobacterial autotrophic ammonia-oxidizing bacterial (AOB) communities was determined by DGGE analysis of 16S rRNA gene fragments amplified using a range of AOB-selective primers. Fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) was used to determine quantitative changes in the AOB communities. When operated at a C/N ratio of 2 the DNB was effective in nitrogen removal and nitrification was measured at approximately 1.0 mg NH4+-N/g dry wt/h. Altering the C/N ratio to 5 resulted in a 50% reduction in nitrification rates. Nitrification was restored to its original level when the C/N ratio was returned to 2. AOB were detected by DGGE analysis of samples from the DNB under all operating conditions but the changes in C/N ratio and nitrification rates were accompanied by changes in the community structure of the AOB. However, quantitative FISH analysis indicated that beta-proteobacterial AOB were only present in high numbers (ca. 10(8) cells/ml) under the original operating conditions with a C/N ratio of 2. Beta-proteobacterial AOB could not be detected by FISH when the C/N ratio was 5. When nitrification activity was restored by returning the C/N ratio to 2, beta-proteobacterial AOB were still not detected and it is likely that either beta-proteobacterial AOB were not responsible for ammonia oxidation or that beta-proteobacterial AOB that did not contain the target sites for the range of 4 AOB selective probes used, were present in the reactor.

  8. Validation of SCS CN Method for Runoff Estimation with Field Observed Regression Analysis Results in Venna Basin, Central India. (United States)

    Katpatal, Y. B.; Paranjpe, S. V.; Kadu, M.


    Effective Watershed management requires authentic data of surface runoff potential for which several methods and models are in use. Generally, non availability of field data calls for techniques based on remote observations. Soil Conservation Services Curve Number (SCS CN) method is an important method which utilizes information generated from remote sensing for estimation of runoff. Several attempts have been made to validate the runoff values generated from SCS CN method by comparing the results obtained from other methods. In the present study, runoff estimation through SCS CN method has been performed using IRS LISS IV data for the Venna Basin situated in the Central India. The field data was available for Venna Basin. The Land use/land cover and soil layers have been generated for the entire watershed using the satellite data and Geographic Information System (GIS). The Venna basin have been divided into intercepted catchment and free catchment. Run off values have been estimated using field data through regression analysis. The runoff values estimated using SCS CN method have been compared with yield values generated using data collected from the tank gauge stations and data from the discharge stations. The correlation helps in validation of the results obtained from the SCS CN method and its applicability in Indian conditions. Key Words: SCS CN Method, Regression Analysis, Land Use / Land cover, Runoff, Remote Sensing, GIS.

  9. Preparation, microstructure and oxidation resistance of SiCN ceramic matrix composites with glass-like carbon interface

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Xia


    Full Text Available Glass-like carbon (GC interface was successfully introduced into carbon fiber-reinforced SiCN ceramic matrix composite (C/GC/SiCN by polymer infiltration and pyrolysis using phenolic resin as precursor. In order to highlight the Oxidation resistance of GC interface, the Oxidation behavior of GC, carbon fiber (Cf containing approximately 0.3 μm GC coating and C/GC/SiCN was investigated by means of weight changes and residual strength ratio before and after oxidizing, and the results were also compared with that of Cf containing Pyrocarbon (PyC coating and C/PyC/SiCN composite. Scanning electron microscopy displays homogeneous, adherent GC coating on Cf. Weight loss rate of Cf containing GC coating is lower than that of Cf containing PyC coating. The residual stress ratio of C/GC/SiCN was higher than that of C/PyC/SiCN. The results indicate that GC interface can improve anti-oxidation of Cf-reinforced composite than PyC interface.

  10. Adjustment to the Curve Number Nrcs-Cn to Account for the Vegetation Effect on the Hydrological Processes (United States)

    Gonzalez, A.; Temimi, M.; Khanbilvardi, R.


    The objective of this work is to develop an approach that makes use of remotely sensed Greenness Fraction (GF) as a proxy for the vegetation density to automatically adjust the Curve Number model (NRCS-CN) to account for the effect of the changes in vegetation growth on hydrological processes. Daily gauged precipitation-runoff pairs (1948 to 2003) from the MOdel Parameter Estimation EXperiment dataset (MOPEX) over 26 watersheds across the U.S. were used to estimate monthly averaged CNs (CNsim) and then compared to the monthly GF. An adjustment factor was then proposed for the typical static CN inputs which do not account for the vegetation growth over time; the result was a vegetation-adjusted CN (CNveg adj). The improvement in the performance of the NRCS-CN methodology was assessed. The results evidence how the CNveg adj compensates the underestimation of the standard CN (CNstd). The ratio of the estimated runoff using the CNstd (Qstd) to the observed runoff (Qobs) was 0.36; while with the CNveg adj (Qveg adj) was 0.98. The correlation coefficient of simulated and observed runoff when using CNstd and CNveg adj, was 0.42 and 0.92, respectively. Likewise, the Nash-Sutcliffe coefficient of Qstd was -0.92 and 0.85 for Qveg adj. This implies that the adjustment to the CN is crucial for improved hydrological modeling and, therefore, for flood and flash flood monitoring and forecasting.

  11. Imbalanced C/N - controlled, periphyton-based system has hampered tilapia growth in stagnant experimental tanks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Barroso Martins


    Full Text Available The simultaneous use of periphyton and controlled C/N ratio of water may improve water quality and fish growth. The current assay investigated the interaction between periphyton and C/N ratio of water in rearing tanks with Niletilapia juveniles. The study was carried out in 20 outdoor stagnant 250-L tanks. A wooden structure for periphyton development was submerged in five of the tanks. A completely randomized 2 x 2 factorial mode design was employed to evaluate the following factors: (1 substrate for periphyton and (2 the C/N ratio of water. Dry molasses were applied weekly in the tanks to raise C/N ratio of water to 20:1. The addition of molasses to the culture water significantly lowered DO2 and pH levels of water, and raised nitrite concentration. Fish stocked in the control tanks (no periphyton, no C/N ratio balance attained a final body weight significantly higher than those observed for other treatments after 6 weeks of culture. In spite of the correction of C/N ratio of water to 20: 1, low DO2 concentrations avoided the suitable development of bioflocs.

  12. Considerable Enhancement of Emission Yields of [Au(CN)2(-)] Oligomers in Aqueous Solutions by Coexisting Cations. (United States)

    Wakabayashi, Ryo; Maeba, Junichi; Nozaki, Koichi; Iwamura, Munetaka


    The photophysical properties of [Au(CN)2(-)] oligomers in aqueous solutions were investigated as functions of coexisting cations as well as the viscosity and temperature of solutions. A solution of [Au(CN)2(-)] in the concentration range of 0.03-0.2 mol/dm(3) exhibited emission peaks at 460-480 nm because of the presence of oligomers larger than trimers. Although the emission yields (ϕem) of K[Au(CN)2] solutions were glycerol mixture indicated that the lifetimes were almost directly proportional to the inverse of the viscosity of the solution. On the other hand, the intrinsic lifetimes of dimers and trimers with weak emission in shorter wavelength regions were very short and independent of the viscosity of the solutions and coexisting cations (dimer, ∼25 ps; trimer, ∼2 ns). These results indicated that the deactivation of the excited-state [Au(CN)2(-)]n oligomers (n ≥ 4) was dominated by the dissociation of the oligomers to a shorter species (dimer or trimer). The hydrophobic interactions between tetraalkylammonium cations and CN ligands remarkably stabilized the larger oligomers and suppressed the dissociation of the excited-state oligomers, which enhanced the emission yield of the oligomers. This work provides a new method of "exciplex tuning" by changing the environment of excited-state [Au(CN)2(-)]n oligomers.

  13. CN radical hydrogenation from solid H2 reactions, an alternative way of HCN formation in the interstellar medium (United States)

    Borget, Fabien; Müller, Sandra; Grote, Dirk; Theulé, Patrice; Vinogradoff, Vassilissa; Chiavassa, Thierry; Sander, Wolfram


    Context. Molecular hydrogen (H2) is the most abundant molecule of the interstellar medium (ISM) in gas phase and it has been assumed to exist in solid state or as coating on grains. Aims: Our goal is to show that solid H2 can act as a hydrogenation agent, reacting with CN radicals to form HCN. Methods: In a H2 matrix, we studied the hydrogenation of the CN radical generated from the vacuum ultraviolet photolysis (VUV-photolysis) of C2N2 at 3.8 K. We modified the wavelengths and the host gas in order to be sure that CN radicals can abstract H from H2 molecules. Results: HCN monomers, dimers, and oligomers have been characterised by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). H2CN as well as CN radicals have also been clearly observed during the photolysis performed at 3.8 K. Conclusions: H2 is a hydrogenation reagent towards CN radicals producing HCN. This type of reaction should be taken into account for the reactivity at low temperature in contaminated H2 ice macro-particles (CHIMPs), H2 flakes or in the first sublayers of grains where solid H2 has accumulated.

  14. Mechanism of LaCl3 on Increasing Photosystem Ⅱ Activity of Spinach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HONG Fa-Shui; WANG Ling; TAO Ye


    The effect of LaCl3 on the K3Fe(CN)6 (FeCy) reduction rate and the oxygen-evolving rate of PSⅡ particles of spinach, and the spectral characterization of the D1/D2/Cytb559 of a PSⅡ reaction center complex consisting of three polypeptides from spinach were studied. The experimental results showed that LaCl3 could significantly accelerate the transformation from light energy to electric energy, the electron transport, water photolysis and oxygen evolution of PSⅡ of spinach, which was related to the spectral characterization of the D1/D2/Cytb559 complex.Soret band and Q band of Chl-a of UV-vis spectrum of D1/D2/Cytb559 complex were blue shifted, and the fluorescence emission peak was blue shifted in LaCl3 treated spinach compared with that in the control. The EXAFS (extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy) revealed that La3+ was coordinated with 8 nitrogen or oxygen atoms in the first coordination shell with La-N or La-O bond length of 0.254 nm, and with 6 nitrogen or oxygenatoms in the second coordination shell with La-N or La-O bond length of 0.321 nm in the D1/D2/Cytb559 complex. The CD suggested that the secondary structure of D1/D2/Cytb559 complex have been little affected by the treatment of LaCl3.

  15. Historia Clínica


    Micó, Lydia; Bretó, Patricia; Soriano, José Miguel


    Uso del video educativo y el podcasting como fortalecimiento en el aprendizaje de la Dietoterapia. La anámnesis e historia clínica es el primer acercamiento del profesional frente a sus pacientes. En este vídeo se explican los principales puntos que se deberían desarrollar para realizar el tratamiento dietoterapéutico como herramienta clave del diagnóstico nutricional.

  16. Dimerized Translationally Controlled Tumor Protein-Binding Peptide Ameliorates Atopic Dermatitis in NC/Nga Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xing-Hai Jin


    Full Text Available Our previous study showed that dimerized translationally controlled tumor protein (dTCTP plays a role in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases, such as asthma and allergic rhinitis. A 7-mer peptide, called dTCTP-binding peptide 2 (dTBP2, binds to dTCTP and inhibits its cytokine-like effects. We therefore examined the protective effects of dTBP2 in house dust mite-induced atopic dermatitis (AD-like skin lesions in Nishiki-nezumi Cinnamon/Nagoya (NC/Nga mice. We found that topical administration of dTBP2 significantly reduced the AD-like skin lesions formation and mast cell infiltration in NC/Nga mice, similarly to the response seen in the Protopic (tacrolimus-treated group. Treatment with dTBP2 also decreased the serum levels of IgE and reduced IL-17A content in skin lesions and inhibited the expression of mRNAs of interleukin IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-13, macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC, thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP. These findings indicate that dTBP2 not only inhibits the release of Th2 cytokine but also suppresses the production of proinflammatory cytokines in AD-like skin lesions in NC/Nga mice, by inhibiting TCTP dimer, in allergic responses. Therefore, dTCTP is a therapeutic target for AD and dTBP2 appears to have a potential role in the treatment of AD.

  17. Rainfall-Runoff Modelling using Modified NRCS-CN,RS and GIS -A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.Sundara Kumar


    Full Text Available Study of rainfall and runoff for any area and modeling it, is one of the important aspects for planning and development of water resources. The development of water resources and its effective management plays a vital role in development of any country more particularly in India, which is an agricultural based economy. Hence it is intended to develop a model of Rainfall and runoff to a river basin and also apply the methodology to Sarada River Basin which has drainage area of 1252.99 The basin is situated in Vishakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh, India. The rainfall and runoff data has been collected from the gauging stations of the basin apart from rainfall data from nearby stations. MNRCS-CN method has been adopted to calculate runoff. Various hydrological parameters like soil information, rainfall, land use and land cover (LU/LC were considered to use in MNRCS-CN method. The depth of runoff has been computed for different land use patterns using, IRS-P4- LISS IV data for the study area. Based on the analysis, land use/land cover pattern of Sarada River Basin has been prepared. The land use/land cover patterns were also visually interpreted and digitized using ERDAS IMAGINE software. The raster data was processed in ERDAS and geo-referenced and various maps viz. LU/LC maps, drainage map, contour map, DEM (Digital elevation model have been generated apart from rainfall potential map using GIS tool. The estimated runoff using MNRCS-CN model has been simulated and compared with that of actual runoff. The performance of the model is found to be good for the data considered. The coefficient of determination R2 value for the observed runoff and that of the computed runoff is found to be more than 0.72 for the selected watershed basin

  18. Non-Adiabatic Dynamics of ICN-(Ar)n and BrCN-(Ar)n (United States)

    Opoku-Agyeman, Bernice; McCoy, Anne B.


    We investigate the dynamics of the photodissociation of ICN-(Ar)n and BrCN-(Ar)n following electronic excitation to states that dissociate into X- + CN and X* + CN- (X = I or Br) using classical dynamics approaches. Observations made from previous experiments and calculations of these anions demonstrated that non-adiabatic effects are important in the photodissociation process and are reflected in the branching ratios of the photoproducts. The addition of an argon atom is expected to shift the relative energies of these excited states, thereby altering the product branching. Interestingly, experimental studies show that electronically exciting ICN- solvated with even a single argon atom leads to a small fraction of the products recombine to form ICN-.a In this study, the dynamics are carried out using classical mechanics, treating the non-adiabatic effect with a surface hopping algorithm. We assess the accuracy of this approach by first calculating the branching ratios for the bare anions and comparing the results to those from quantum dynamics calculations.a,b Once the results from both the quantum and classical dynamics are shown to be consistent, the classical dynamics simulations are extended to the argon solvated anions. S. Case, E. M. Miller, J. P. Martin, Y. J. Lu, L. Sheps, A. B. McCoy, and W. C. Lineberger, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 51, 2651 (2012). B. Opoku-Agyeman, A. S. Case, J. H. Lehman, W. Carl Lineberger and A. B. McCoy, J. Chem Phys. 141, 084305 (2014). J. C. Tully, J. Chem Phys. 93, 1061 (1990).

  19. Effect of C/N on composting of pig manure with sawdust. (United States)

    Huang, G F; Wong, J W C; Wu, Q T; Nagar, B B


    The aim of this composting trial was to evaluate the effect of C/N on the composting process of pig manure with the purpose of reducing the amount of sawdust normally used as co-composting materials. Two aerobic static piles were prepared consisting of pig manure mixed with sawdust at an initial C/N of 30 (pile A) and 15 (pile B), respectively. Pile B containing larger amount of pig manure showed a slower rise in temperature, lower maximum temperature, and shorter thermophilic phase than pile A. It also resulted in higher pH and electrical conductivity (EC) values, and even higher contents of soluble NH4-N and volatile solids throughout the composting period. Chemical and biological parameters including dissolved organic carbon (DOC) (4932 mg kg(-1)), soluble NH4-N (371 mg kg(-1)), C/Nsolid (18.3), C/Naquoeus (5.8) and seed germination index (GI) (66.5%) indicated that pile A achieved maturity after 49 days of composting. After 63 days of composting, pile B contained 5352 and 912 mg kg(-1) of DOC and soluble NH4-N content, respectively, which was much higher than the criterion of 5% and 400 mg kg(-1), indicating its immature nature. Pile B showed a relatively low GI value of 46%, which may be due to its high indigenous EC value as a result of larger amount of pig manure. Therefore, co-composting of pig manure with sawdust at a low initial C/N would require a composting longer than 63 days, and, the high salinity due to the large amount of pig manure would pose a potential inhibition on plant growth.

  20. Crystal structure of bis[μ-bis(diphenylphosphanylmethane-κ2P:P′]-μ-chlorido-chlorido-1κCl-(1-phenylthiourea-2κSdisilver acetonitrile hemisolvate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arunpatcha Nimthong-Roldán


    Full Text Available In the dinuclear title complex, [Ag2Cl2(C7H8N2S(C25H22P22]·0.5CH3CN, each AgI ion displays a distorted tetrahedral coordination geometry with two P atoms from two bis(diphenylphosphanylmethane (dppm ligands, one bridging chloride ion, one terminal chloride ion and one terminal S atom from the N,N′-phenylthiourea (ptu ligand. The dppm ligands and the bridging chloride ion force the two Ag atoms into close proximity, with a short Ag...Ag separation of 3.2064 (2 Å. In the crystal, complex molecules are linked by N—H...Cl hydrogen bonds forming a dimer. The dimers are linked via weak C— H...Cl hydrogen bonds forming a two-dimensional supramolecular architecture in the yz plane. In addition, an intramolecular N—H...Cl hydrogen bond is observed.

  1. Eikonal gluon bremsstrahlung at finite N_c beyond two loops

    CERN Document Server

    Delenda, Yazid


    We present a general formalism for computing the matrix-element squared for the emission of soft energy-ordered gluons beyond two loops in QCD perturbation theory at finite $N_c$. Our formalism is valid in the eikonal approximation. A Mathematica program has been developed for the automated calculation of all real/virtual eikonal squared amplitudes needed at a given loop order. For the purpose of illustration we show the explicit forms of the eikonal squared amplitudes up to the fifth-loop order. In the large-$N_c$ limit our results coincide with those previously reported in literature.

  2. Conformal invariance and QCD Pomeron vertices in the $1/N_{c}$ limit

    CERN Document Server

    Janik, R A


    Using the dipole framework for QCD at small x in the 1/N_c limit, we derive the expression of the 1 -> p dipole multiplicity density in momentum space. This gives an analytical expression for the 1 -> p QCD Pomeron amplitudes in terms of one-loop integration of effective vertices in transverse momentum. Conformal invariance and a Hilbert space construction for dipole correlation functions are the main tools of the derivation. Relations with conformal field theories in the classical limit are discussed.

  3. The twist-3 parton distribution function e(x) in large-Nc chiral theory

    CERN Document Server

    Cebulla, C; Schweitzer, P; Urbano, D


    The chirally-odd twist-3 parton distribution function e(x) of the nucleon is studied in the large-Nc limit in the framework of the chiral quark-soliton model. It is demonstrated that in spite of properties not shared by other distribution functions, namely the appearance of a delta(x)-singularity and quadratic divergences in e(x), an equally reliable calculation is possible. Among the most remarkable results obtained in this work is the fact that the coefficient of the delta(x)-singularity can be computed exactly in this model, avoiding involved numerics. Our results complete existing studies in literature.

  4. Developing the Navy’s NC Flying Boats: Transforming Aeronautical Engineering for the First Transatlantic Flight (United States)


    ft. Max Gross Weight 28,0001b Cruising Speed 84kts Range 1,278 nm Crew 6 Engines (4) 400 hp Liberty L-12 Figure 7. The NC flying boat. In...of the hull. The keel of the hull is built up from spruce while the bottom planking is laid up from two plies of cedar separated by a waterproofing...pilots could remain below decks and out of the weather if desired. The aircraft commander even had enough space to lie down on the planking that made up



    Petesch, B.; Sakout, A.; LAURENT M.; M. Robin


    Le soudage d'un acier Z 2 CN 18 par faisceau laser a été étudié. L'influence principaux paramètres vitesse, puissance, focalisation a été examinée. Les moyens classiques de caractérisation des soudures ont été utilisées : observations métallographiques forme de la zone fondue, quantité de porosités et énergie absorbée. Le maximum de pénétration correspond au maximum d'énergie absorbée.

  6. On Levi-fiat hypersurfaces with given boundary in C~n

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pierre; DOLBEAULT


    Let S■C~n be a compact connected 2-codimensional submanifold.If n≥3,essentially local conditions and the assumption:every complex point of S is elliptic imply the existence of a projection in C~n of a Levi-flat(2n-1)-subvariety whose boundary is S(Dolbeault,Tomassini,Zaitsev, 2005).We extend the result when S is homeomorphic to a sphere and has one hyperbolic point. For n=2 many results are known since the 1980’s and a new result with a very technical hypothesis is announced.

  7. Quality Management System according to the family of Cuban Standards ISO 9000 CN Total Quality approach.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonel C. Alfaro Pérez


    Full Text Available In this article we develop some considerations and suggestions for organizations in Cuba who want to design and implement systems with Quality Management Total Quality approach to the family of Cuban Standards ISO 9000 CN. It makes a comparative analysis between what is a System of Quality Management, Total Quality and the European model of quality management, detailing the similarities and differences, which allow us to understand how systems can be designed and managed focuses on Total Quality. It describes in a coherent way the main activities of a quality management system which can not be absent in its design and subsequent management.

  8. El áureo de Cn. Pompeyo Magno (RRC 402/1)


    Amela Valverde, Luis


    La aparición de un quinto ejemplar del raro áureo de Cn. Pompeyo Magno (cos. I 70 a.C.) nos ha llevado a retomar esta amonedación, de claro carácter triunfal, que se ha relacionado con cada uno de los tres triunfos de Pompeyo, celebrados respectivamente en los años 81, 71 y 61 a.C. De hecho, este áureo parece relacionarse con las campañas orientales de Pompeyo y su iconografía muestra tanto sus deseos de celebrar su triunfo como su célebre imitatio Alexandri. ...

  9. 家用台式电脑:惠普Media Center PC m7590cn

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    为了配合英特尔代号为Conroe的酷睿处理器的发布,CHIP曾在9月刊以较大的幅面对采用新核心以及新平台的惠普Media Center TV m7580y进行了专题测试。时隔3个月,面向中国市场的全面升级产品正式亮相,新产品仍然以Media Center PC命名,完整型号为惠普Media Center PC m7590cn.

  10. Morphological evolution of prussian yellow Fe[Fe(CN)6] colloidal nanospheres (United States)

    Gu, Jianmin; Fu, Shaoyan; Jin, Cuihong; Liu, Xin; Gao, Yahui; Wu, Jingxiao; Bian, Zhenpan; Tian, Hua; Wang, Lin; Gao, Faming


    A simple hydrothermal system was developed for controllable morphologies of the Prussian yellow Fe[Fe(CN)6] nanostructures in the presence of organic additives. Hollow and solid nanospheres of the Prussian yellow materials were successfully synthesized with suitable experimental conditions. It is found that the amounts of organic additives CTAB could result in the formation of the spherical nanocrystals and the hydrolysis of phosphate in the solution could play a role in the final morphology of the products. A possible formation mechanism of the Prussian yellow nanostructures is proposed.

  11. Contents of macronutrients and micronutrients and CN relation of several weed species


    Souza,Luciano S. de; Edivaldo D. Velini; Maimoni-Rodella,Rita C.S.; Dagoberto Martins


    O objetivo do presente trabalho foi determinar os teores de nutrientes (N, P, K, Ca, Mg, S, Cu, Zn, Fe e Mn) e a relação C/N, presentes na matéria seca da parte aérea das seguintes espécies de plantas daninhas: Ageratum conyzoides L., Amaranthus lividus L., Bidens pilosa L., Brachiaria decumbens Stapf., Brachiaria plantaginea (Link) Hitchc., Senna occidentalis (L.) Link., Commelina benghalensis L., Cyperus rotundus L., Digitaria horizontalis Willd., Euphorbia heterophylla L., Indigofera truxi...

  12. The Effect of Pressure on Magnetic Properties of KMnCr(CN6.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Csach K.


    Full Text Available In the contribution we present the effect of pressure on magnetic properties of molecule based magnet KMnCr(CN6. Applied pressure affects magnetization curves only marginally. The saturation is reached at higher magnetic fields under pressure, but the effect of the pressure on the values of saturated magnetization µs, remnant magnetization µr and coercive field HC are almost negligible. Observed pronounced increase of the Curie temperature TC with increasing pressure can be attributed to strengthening of antiferromagnetic superexchange interaction. Additionally we observed double magnetic transition induced by hydrostatic pressure. All pressure changes were fully reversible.

  13. Full dimensional quantum scattering study of the H2 + CN reaction

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S Bhattacharya; A Kirwai; Aditya N Panda; H-D Meyer


    Exact wave packet calculations are carried out to investigate the effect of vibrational excitation of the reagent bonds on the dynamics of the CN + H2 → HCN + H process using the multiconfiguration time-dependent Hartree algorithm. The results are compared to the approximate theoretical and the available experimental results. The differences between the results of the theoretical studies are discussed from the point of view of an approximate or exact kinetic energy operator used in the quantum mechanical studies. Deviations between exact theoretical and experimental results points to the inaccuracies of the potential energy surface used.

  14. Results from Modeling CN Jets in Comet Lulin (C/2007 N3) (United States)

    Bair, Allison Nicole; Schleicher, David G.; Knight, Matthew M.


    We present results from Monte Carlo modeling of the CN jets on dynamically new Comet Lulin (C/2007 N3). Our model is based on 16 nights of narrowband imaging obtained with Lowell Observatory's 1.1-m Hall Telescope from 2009 January 30 through April 1, an interval during which our viewing orientation varied by more than 120 degrees. Following basic image enhancement by removing median radial profiles, two opposite pointing corkscrew jets were revealed, and a rotation period of 42 +/- 0.5 hr was determined (Knight & Schleicher 2009; IAU Circular #9025). The presence of these two distinct, non-overlapping jets, combined with the large change in aspect angle, made Lulin an excellent candidate for detailed 3-D jet modeling, allowing us to test a number of physical properties of outgassing which can eventually be utilized for other comets. We successfully reproduced Lulin's CN morphology using a nucleus having a tightly constrained obliquity of 95 deg with the axis pointing toward RA = 90 deg and Dec = +27 deg. The jet towards the west is centered at ~65 deg latitude and has a radius of ~25 deg, while the east jet is centered near -75 deg latitude and has a radius of ~15 deg. The longitudes differ by about 120 deg. The rotation axis crossed the plane of the sky on Feb 22, coincidently just prior to opposition. Our modeling shows that at this heliocentric distance of 1.4 AU, the CN gas continued to accelerate away from the nucleus out to a distance of about 20,000 km, reaching a velocity of 0.48 km/s. We also significantly improved the period determination since the model compensates for the rapidly changing viewing geometry, obtaining a sidereal period of 42.0 +/- 0.2 hr. We see a strong seasonal change in activity consistent with the variation in the sub-solar latitude from January until April as the CN jets change in brightness relative to each other. These and other results will be presented. Support is provided by NASA Planetary Atmospheres Grant NNX14AH32G.

  15. Carbon with ultrahigh capacitance when graphene paper meets K3Fe(CN)6 (United States)

    Chen, Kunfeng; Liu, Fei; Xue, Dongfeng; Komarneni, Sridhar


    For the first time, we have shown a novel supercapacitor system with a graphene paper electrode in the redox-electrolyte of K3Fe(CN)6 based on the system-level design principle. By combining electric double-layer capacitance and pseudocapacitance, the specific capacitance could be increased 5-fold compared with the conventional electrode-electrolyte system. This large improvement is attributed to the additional redox reactions on the graphene paper electrode via the constituent ions of K3Fe(CN)6 in the redox-electrolyte, during which the discharge process is highly enhanced. More importantly, the potential interval could reach as high as 1.6 V beyond the limited operating voltage of water (~1.23 V). After 5000 continuous cycles, 94% of the initial capacitance was retained. The newly designed novel supercapacitor system is binder-free, conducting additive-free and can deliver higher capacitance. This designed graphene-paper-electrode/redox-electrolyte system can provide a versatile strategy for high-capacitance supercapacitor systems.For the first time, we have shown a novel supercapacitor system with a graphene paper electrode in the redox-electrolyte of K3Fe(CN)6 based on the system-level design principle. By combining electric double-layer capacitance and pseudocapacitance, the specific capacitance could be increased 5-fold compared with the conventional electrode-electrolyte system. This large improvement is attributed to the additional redox reactions on the graphene paper electrode via the constituent ions of K3Fe(CN)6 in the redox-electrolyte, during which the discharge process is highly enhanced. More importantly, the potential interval could reach as high as 1.6 V beyond the limited operating voltage of water (~1.23 V). After 5000 continuous cycles, 94% of the initial capacitance was retained. The newly designed novel supercapacitor system is binder-free, conducting additive-free and can deliver higher capacitance. This designed graphene

  16. Ab initio adiabatic and quasidiabatic potential energy surfaces of H++ CN system

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Bhargava Anusuri; Sanjay Kumar


    We present restricted geometry (collinear and perpendicular approaches of proton) ab initio three dimensional potential energy surfaces for H++ CN system. The calculations were performed at the internally contracted multi-reference configuration interaction level of theory using Dunning’s correlation consistent polarized valence triple zeta basis set. Adiabatic and quasidiabatic surfaces have been computed for the ground and the first excited electronic states. Nonadiabatic effects arising from radial coupling have been analyzed in terms of nonadiabatic coupling matrix elements and coupling potentials.

  17. The Cauchy Boundary Value Problems on Closed Piecewise Smooth Manifolds in Cn

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liang Yu LIN; Chun Hui QIU


    Suppose that D is a bounded domain with a piecewise C1 smooth boundary in Cn. Let ψ∈ C1+α((б)D). By using the Hadamard principal value of the higher order singular integral and solid angle coefficient method of points on the boundary, we give the Plemelj formula of the higher order singular integral with the Bochner-Martinelli kernel, which has integral density ψ. Moreover,by means of the Plemelj formula and methods of complex partial differential equations, we discuss the corresponding Cauchy boundary value problem with the Bochner-Martinelli kernel on a closed piecewise smooth manifold and obtain its unique branch complex harmonic solution.

  18. Scaling analysis of [Fe(pyrazole)4]2[Nb(CN)8] molecular magnet (United States)

    Konieczny, P.; Pełka, R.; Zieliński, P. M.; Pratt, F. L.; Pinkowicz, D.; Sieklucka, B.; Wasiutyński, T.


    The critical behaviour of the three dimensional (3D) molecular magnet {[FeII(pirazol)4]2[NbIV(CN)8]·4H2O}n has been studied with the use of experimental techniques such as ac magnetometry and zero field μSR spectroscopy. The sample orders magnetically below Tc=7.8 K. The measurements allowed to determine static exponents β, γ, and the dynamic exponent w. The resulting exponent values indicate that the studied system belongs to the universality class of the 3D Heisenberg model.

  19. Structure and function of collectin liver 1 (CL-L1) and collectin 11 (CL-11, CL-K1)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Selman, Lana; Hansen, Soren


    . Their genomic organization and protein structure reveal many similarities. However, CL-11 is a serum protein, whereas CL-L1 appears to be restricted to the cytosol of cells such as hepatocytes. Specificity analyses of the CRDs reveal some differences in their preferences for saccharides: CL-11 binds most avidly...

  20. The NC11 domain of human collagen XVI induces vasculogenic mimicry in oral squamous cell carcinoma cells. (United States)

    Bedal, Konstanze B; Grässel, Susanne; Spanier, Gerrit; Reichert, Torsten E; Bauer, Richard J


    Collagen XVI, a fibril-associated collagen with interrupted triple helix (FACIT) collagen, is involved in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and glioblastoma progression. The NC11 domain of collagen XVI has been described previously with a strong implication in physiological processes. We detected the non-collagenous (NC) 11-domain in supernatants of OSCC cells after recombinant expression of full-length collagen XVI and in sera from OSCC patients and healthy individuals. Stable expression of NC11-green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion protein in OSCC cells initiated proliferation control and block of anchorage-independent growth. Moreover, the NC11 domain triggered the generation of tubular-like net structures on laminin-rich matrix in contrast to mock-GFP control cells and cells expressing full-length collagen XVI. Taqman® quantitative PCR and diaminobenzidine staining in 2D- and 3D cell culture revealed a significantly increased gene and protein expression of VEGFR1, VEGFR2 and uPAR in recombinant NC11-GFP-expressing cells. Specific VEGF receptor inhibition with Axitinib or fetal calf serum heat inactivation prevented formation of tubular-like net structures. Accordantly, NC11-GFP coated culture slides led to an increase of focal adhesion contact formation and the upregulation of VEGFR1 and uPAR in three different non-transfected OSCC cell lines. In summary, we suggest that the NC11 domain of collagen XVI is a potential biomarker for OSCC and triggers vasculogenic mimicry via upregulation of endothelial receptors VEGFR1, VEGFR2 and uPAR in 2D- and 3D OSCC cell culture conditions.