WorldWideScience

Sample records for civil service tribunal

  1. REFORMING CIVIL SERVICE IN KAZAKHSTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey Valerievich Bespalov

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Administrative reform and, in particular, the civil service reform in Kazakhstan, like other countries of the former Soviet Union in the past 25 years, was due not only need to implement state-building in the former Soviet republics, but also influenced by global trends.The aim of this paper is a comprehensive description of the main stages of the reform of the civil service in the post-Soviet Kazakhstan. The article used the methods of institutional and diachronic analysis (the study of the successive in real historical time steps. Since 1995, Kazakhstan’s leadership proclaimed the establishment of a modern, efficient public service system a strategic priority of its policy. Analyzing the world experience and learning from their own miscalculations, the authorities have made significant progress in this area. At the same time, the unwillingness to make the final choice in favor of the positional model of public service, based on the competitive selection of cadres of public servants, their generous financial reward to bring you to the civil service people from the business, or career model, involving, on the contrary, «closed» career combined intangible benefits and guarantees for public servants, considerably reduces the effectiveness of the reforms. In 2015, President Nursultan Nazarbayev announced a new ambitious program of modernization of the civil service in Kazakhstan. However, the government of Kazakhstan announced plans to reform demonstrate actual recognition of the serious flaws and shortcomings in the implementation of civil service reforms in the early stages.

  2. Civil service employment statistics 2006

    OpenAIRE

    Donna Livesey; Craig Taylor; Pete Jones

    2007-01-01

    Presents a summary of annual statistics, previously produced by the Cabinet Office and now the responsibility of ONS.This article presents a summary of annual Civil Service statistics for the year ending 30 September 2006, as published in July 2007. Previously produced by the Cabinet Office, responsibility for the collection and publication of these statistics is now with the Office for National Statistics (ONS). This transfer of responsibility was outlined in an ‘In brief’ article in the Feb...

  3. Triblex thematic analysis of the case law of the ILO Administrative Tribunal

    CERN Document Server

    International Labour Organization. Geneva

    Triblex is a thematic database on the case law of the Administrative Tribunal of the International Labour Organization, which hears complaints from serving and former officials of the ILO, or of one of the thirty-odd international organizations that recognise its jurisdiction, about breach of the terms of their appointment or staff rules or regulations. Relevant passages of the Tribunal's reasoning can be located in the Triblex database in various ways, mainly using terms (descriptors) from the Triblex Thesaurus. The database is in English and French and can be searched in either language. It is intended for litigants, counsel, staff representatives, personnel managers and anyone with an interest in the law of the international civil service. Triblex est une base de données thématique sur la jurisprudence du Tribunal administratif de l'Organisation internationale du Travail. La saisine du Tribunal est ouverte aux fonctionnaires ou anciens fonctionnaires du Bureau international du ou des normes statutaires o...

  4. 5 CFR 5.1 - Civil Service regulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil Service regulations. 5.1 Section 5.1 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE RULES REGULATIONS, INVESTIGATION, AND ENFORCEMENT (RULE V) § 5.1 Civil Service regulations. The Director, Office of...

  5. On Selection into Public Civil Service

    OpenAIRE

    Tobias Boehm; Nadine Riedel

    2011-01-01

    This paper investigates whether the institution of life time tenure for public sector employees affects the selection of workers into private and public sector occupation. Precisely, we argue that more generous employment protection for public sector employees may induce risk averse individuals to select into civil service employment even if they have a low intrinsic motivation and talent for this type of occupation. To empirically test for this effect, we exploit the natural experiment of th...

  6. The Evolution and Challenges of the Danish Civil Service System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Morten Balle

    2013-01-01

    -term history of the Danish civil service system are analyzed. The basic characteristics of the current internal labor market of the civil service are analyzed as well as some recent changes in the system. Issues of politicization of the civil service are discussed and public opinion concerning the civil...... service is examined. The Danish civil service system has been characterized by long-term gradual evolution and adoption of many of the prevailing institutions in medieval and modern European state administration. This adaptation to prevailing trends has been predominantly characterized by integration...

  7. Department of Health and Human Services, Office for Civil Rights

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Resize A A A Print Share Office for Civil Rights (OCR) I would like info on. . . Contact ... enter your contact information below. Email Office for Civil Rights Headquarters U.S. Department of Health & Human Services ...

  8. Attitude Towards Civil Service of Pakistan: A Perception Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Faheem Jehangir Khan; Musleh ud Din

    2008-01-01

    Amid growing concerns on the popularity of the civil service among the students, the study reports the findings of a perception survey of enrolled university students. Contrary to common perceptions, the results suggest that the civil service still retains its allure among the potential entrants. Those who prefer the civil service as a career are more concerned with job security than those who prefer a job in the private sector. The Foreign Service of Pakistan appears to be the most favourite...

  9. Civil Service Reforms in Thailand: Political Control and Corruption.

    OpenAIRE

    Prijono Tjiptoherijanto

    2012-01-01

    After the 1973 student demonstration marked a changing in Thai political history. The principle of Weberian bureaucracy such as political neutrality becomes the legal framework of the Civil Service under democratic environment. However, given the cultural values and their impact on the bureaucracy, any serious change must came from the top leadership.Another characteristic of the Thai's civil service is corruption practices. The close personal connections between politician, civil service, an...

  10. Human Resources Management within Civil Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Teodor Alistar

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this article is to examine the notion of management, as an area of study which analyses, regulates and renders the theoretical and technical support in order to provide rationality within the processes that unfold in the civil service. In order to accomplish this task, human resources management will be analyzed as a process which relies in exerting four main functions: ensuring, developing, motivating and maintaining the human resources, which are conditioned by external factors that must be taken into consideration, such as: legislative framework, labor force, unions, cultural context (here one includes management practices and philosophy, and economic circumstances. All these factors are considered to have a significant impact on the management of human resources.

  11. 76 FR 32241 - Civil Service Retirement System; Present Value Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-03

    ... present value factors currently in effect were published by OPM (75 FR 35093) on June 21, 2010. Elsewhere... MANAGEMENT Civil Service Retirement System; Present Value Factors AGENCY: Office of Personnel Management... value factors applicable to retirees under the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) who elect...

  12. 75 FR 35093 - Civil Service Retirement System; Present Value Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-21

    ... present value factors currently in effect were published by OPM (72 FR 31628) on June 7, 2007. Elsewhere... MANAGEMENT Civil Service Retirement System; Present Value Factors AGENCY: Office of Personnel Management... value factors applicable to retirees under the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) who elect...

  13. 5 CFR 213.3102 - Entire executive civil service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 213.3102, see the List of CFR Sections Affected... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Entire executive civil service. 213.3102 Section 213.3102 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE...

  14. Sobre la incapacitación civil en las demencias: normativa vigente y revisión de sentencias del Tribunal Supremo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.M. Burgos del Pino

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Dado el progresivo envejecimiento poblacional y el consiguiente aumento de la prevalencia de personas con diagnóstico de demencia y la preocupación de los familiares de que se pueda abusar de ellos, desde este artículo se exponen las normativas legales sobre la incapacitación y se hace una revisión de sentencias del Tribunal Supremo entre los años 2005 y 2012 en la que están implicadas personas con el diagnóstico de demencia. Se concluye que la incapacitación de una persona con demencia y el correspondiente nombramiento de un tutor que la represente y cuide de ella y de sus bienes, es un recurso legal recomendable que se hace necesario en multitud de ocasiones, como puede verse en las diferentes sentencias analizadas.

  15. Civil Service Reform in The Philippines: Building Strong Governance

    OpenAIRE

    Prijono Tjiptoherijanto

    2012-01-01

    The connection between administrative reform and civil society, was an issue on the agenda of the New Public Management (NPM) in the 1960's and 1970's. While reinventing government movement has stimulated both interest in and criticism of the impact on civil society of public sector entrepreneurship. Modernizing the civil service starts by \\bringing the citizens in". Therefore, a strong and sincere leadership in government's bureaucracy is needed. In the other words, building a strong and dem...

  16. What Can Officials Learn From Temporary Overseas Civil Service?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    On November 22, Beijing’s Dongcheng District for the first time announced a 20-year official training program. The program says the district will send civil servants to perform temporary service in multinational companies, international organizations and

  17. Civil Service Statistics 2009: A focus on gross annual earnings

    OpenAIRE

    David Matthews; Andrew Taylor

    2010-01-01

    SUMMARYThis article presents a summary of annual Civil Service statistics for the year ending 31 March 2009. It compares trends over time with a particular focus on gross annual earnings broken down to different groups in the workforce such as men, women, ethnic minorities and those with a disability.Previously produced by the Cabinet Office, responsibility for the collection and publication of Civil Service Statistics was transferred to the Office for National Statistics (ONS) in 2006. This ...

  18. Civil Service Statistics 2008: a focus on gross annual earnings

    OpenAIRE

    David Matthews; Andrew Taylor

    2009-01-01

    This article presents a summary of annual Civil Service statistics for the year ending 31 March 2008. It compares trends over time with a particular focus on gross annual earnings broken down to different groups in the workforce such as men, women, ethnic minorities and those with a disability.Previously produced by the Cabinet Office, responsibility for the collection and publication of Civil Service Statistics was transferred to the Office for National Statistics (ONS) in 2006. This transfe...

  19. What Can Officials Learn From Temporary Overseas Civil Service?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ On November 22, Beijing's Dongcheng District for the first time announced a 20-year official training program. The program says the district will send civil servants to perform temporary service in multinational companies, international organizations and in the governmental sectors of the United States and other developed countries. The annual budget for the temporary overseas civil service program is estimated at 50 million yuan ($7.5 million).

  20. Can Government Contract Positions Improve the Civil Service?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    China’s civil service has long been de- scribed as the"iron rice bowl,"meaning the place where employment is guaranteed for life.But as with all things in the coun- try,little escapes change.Wenzhou City in eastern Zhejiang Province recently updated the conventional image of the civil service by launching an initiative to introduce con- tracted technical employees into the system to supplement the government’s shortage of

  1. Beyond Civil Service: The Changing Face of Public Personnel Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klingner, Donald E.; Lynn, Dahlia Bradshaw

    1997-01-01

    Today, public services are often delivered by purchase-of-service agreements, privatization, franchising, vouchers, or other alternatives to civil service. Public personnel managers must now deal with broader policy issues, relationships with external organizations, and tighter focus on cost control, requiring new knowledge, skills, and abilities.…

  2. Web-Based Expert System for Civil Service Regulations: RCSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mofreh Hogo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Internet and expert systems have offered new ways of sharing and distributing knowledge, but there is a lack of researches in the area of web-based expert systems. This paper introduces a development of a web-based expert system for the regulations of civil service in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia named as RCSES. It is the first time to develop such system (application of civil service regulations as well the development of it using web-based approach. The proposed system considers 17 regulations of the civil service system. The different phases of developing the RCSES system are presented, as knowledge acquiring and selection, ontology and knowledge representations using XML format. XML-Rule-based knowledge sources and the inference mechanisms were implemented using ASP.net technique. An interactive tool for entering the ontology and knowledge base, and the inferencing was built. It gives the ability to use, modify, update, and extend the existing knowledge base in an easy way. The knowledge was validated by experts in the domain of civil service regulations, and the proposed RCSES was tested, verified, and validated by different technical users and the developers’ staff. The RCSES system is compared with other related web based expert systems, that comparison proved the goodness, usability, and high performance of RCSES.Keywords- Knowledge base; Ontology; RCSES; and Civil regulation;

  3. Web-Based Expert System for Civil Service Regulations: RCSES

    OpenAIRE

    Mofreh Hogo; Khaled Fouad; Fouad Mousa,

    2009-01-01

    Internet and expert systems have offered new ways of sharing and distributing knowledge, but there is a lack of researches in the area of web-based expert systems. This paper introduces a development of a web-based expert system for the regulations of civil service in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia named as RCSES. It is the first time to develop such system (application of civil service regulations) as well the development of it using web-based approach. The proposed system considers 17 regulati...

  4. E-Training Adoption in the Nigerian Civil Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zainab, Bello; Bhatti, Muhammad Awais; Pangil, Faizuniah Bt; Battour, Mohamed Mohamed

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to highlight the factors that aid e-training adoption in the Nigerian civil service. Design/methodology/approach: This paper is based on a review of past literature from databases, reports, newspapers, magazines, etc. The literature recognised the role of perceived cost, computer self-efficacy, availability of…

  5. The Law and Practice of Administrative Courts in Ethiopia: The Case of Addis Ababa City Administrative Tribunal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abate Ayana

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Addis Ababa city administration established an administrative tribunal based on proclamation No. 6/2008. Thus, the city administrative tribunal would revise administrative measures taken by the concerned city offices. In other words, it hears and decides on appeals which are brought to it by the civil servants. The study which adopted the survey research design mainly through personal interview with court administrators revealed that the city administrative tribunal has performed its function in proper manner and base on the laws. Besides, it is observed that in rendering decision the tribunal carefully followed the laid down procedures. Speedy trial was also one quality of the administrative tribunal. It was therefore concluded that the administrative tribunal operated in a legal and procedural sound manner. Nevertheless, for enhanced productivity, professional trainings for the staff of Addis Ababa City Administrative Tribunal in particular and Administrative Courts in Ethiopia in general should be taken seriously.

  6. Outsourced design services lessons learned from LHC civil engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Watson, T

    2003-01-01

    In April 1996 CERN awarded three contracts for the provision of civil engineering design and site supervision services associated with the LHC Project. These three contracts with an average value at signature of 12MCHF were placed using the “two envelope” award system. Eight firms from six member states were integrated into three Joint Ventures. For Projects prior to the LHC, CERN would have carried out the design and supervision using in-house staff. The change to out-sourced services represented a major step for CERN. After seven years, the contracts are now coming to their conclusion. This paper aims to discuss the reasons why these contracts were originally implemented, the lessons than have been learnt over the last seven years and conclusions on how CERN could approach the need for civil engineering design services in the future.

  7. The Law and Practice of Administrative Courts in Ethiopia: The Case of Addis Ababa City Administrative Tribunal

    OpenAIRE

    Abate Ayana

    2011-01-01

    Addis Ababa city administration established an administrative tribunal based on proclamation No. 6/2008. Thus, the city administrative tribunal would revise administrative measures taken by the concerned city offices. In other words, it hears and decides on appeals which are brought to it by the civil servants. The study which adopted the survey research design mainly through personal interview with court administrators revealed that the city administrative tribunal has performed its function...

  8. Des femmes au tribunal

    OpenAIRE

    Le Pape, Marc

    2010-01-01

    Les archives judiciaires constituent une source essentielle pour les études des sociabilités africaines en situation coloniale. Cet article prend appui sur l’analyse des procès tenus, entre 1923 et 1939, au tribunal du premier degré d’Abidjan, il vise à décrire les argumentations contradictoires par lesquelles femmes et hommes expliquent leurs différends dans l’espace du prétoire. Les registres issus des « juridictions indigènes » permettent également d’apprécier sur quels repères se fondent ...

  9. 32 CFR 516.10 - Service of civil process within the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Service of civil process within the United States. 516.10 Section 516.10 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION Service of Process § 516.10 Service of civil...

  10. 29 CFR 1425.3 - Functions of the Service under title VII of the Civil Service Reform Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Functions of the Service under title VII of the Civil Service Reform Act. 1425.3 Section 1425.3 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL... Service under title VII of the Civil Service Reform Act. (a) The service may provide its assistance in...

  11. 32 CFR 516.12 - Service of civil process outside the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Service of civil process outside the United States. 516.12 Section 516.12 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION Service of Process § 516.12 Service of...

  12. Civil servants’ perspectives on the role of citizens in public service delivery in Uganda

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.T. Wenene; T. Steen; M.R. Rutgers

    2015-01-01

    In this article we study civil servants’ perceptions about the role of citizens in the provision of public services in Uganda. In other words, we examine the views of those who deliver civil services regarding the actual and desired influence of service recipients. An empirical study was conducted f

  13. Career Management in Transition: HRD Themes from the Estonian Civil Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rees, Christopher J.; Jarvalt, Jane; Metcalfe, Beverley

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: To explore, through a case study, some of the key career-related HRD issues that senior managers are currently facing in the Estonian civil service. Design/methodology/approach: Presents primary empirical research into career management in the Estonian civil service since 1991, that is, in the post-Soviet era. The research involved…

  14. 78 FR 66972 - Submission for Review: Designation of Beneficiary: Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS), SF 2808

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-07

    ... MANAGEMENT Submission for Review: Designation of Beneficiary: Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS), SF 2808... collection request (ICR) 3206-0142, Designation of Beneficiary: Civil Service Retirement System, SF 2808. As....Benson@opm.gov or faxed to (202) 606- 0910. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SF 2808 is used by persons...

  15. Benchmarking effective service delivery drivers in the South African civil construction industry / by Ernest Venter

    OpenAIRE

    Venter, Ernest Nordin

    2010-01-01

    Identifying and prioritising effective service delivery drivers' in selected civil construction companies are more than merely satisfying customers' need. By successfully identifying and prioritising effective service delivery drivers within the selected civil construction companies, the companies will be able to achieve competitive advantage above their competitors. This study, by using a questionnaire as a measurement instrument, established that a gap currently exist betw...

  16. 7 CFR 3.47 - Offset against amounts payable from Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Offset against amounts payable from Civil Service Retirement and Disability Fund. 3.47 Section 3.47 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture DEBT... debtor's anticipated or future benefit payments under the Civil Service Retirement and Disability...

  17. 78 FR 47018 - Civil Service Retirement System and Federal Employees' Retirement System; Opportunity for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-02

    ... MANAGEMENT Civil Service Retirement System and Federal Employees' Retirement System; Opportunity for... opportunity for annuitants who are in legal same-sex marriages to elect survivor annuities for their spouses under the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) and Federal Employees' Retirement System (FERS)....

  18. The Permanent People’s Tribunals and indigenous people’s struggles in Mexico: between coloniality and epistemic justice?

    OpenAIRE

    Rosalba Icaza

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstractOn 21 October 2011, hundreds of Mexican civil society organizations formally submitted a petition to the Lelio e Lisli Basso Foundation in Rome to justify the opening of a Mexican Chapter of the Permanent People’s Tribunals (PPT). The PPT was established in 1979 as the successor to the Russell Tribunals on Vietnam (1966–1967) and on the Latin American Dictatorships (1974–1976). The PPT is considered an ethical non-governmental tribunal and their sessions are described as a mec...

  19. The Civil Service Reform in the Context of Sustainable Development. A Comparison between Romania and Italy

    OpenAIRE

    Bogdan BERCEANU; Mihaela V. CĂRĂUŞAN

    2015-01-01

    In the last decade the public administration system from most of the EU countries suffered many transformations in order to achieve the objectives proposed by the European Union, such as sustainable development. The civil service represented and still is a very important key factor for a success reformation of the administrative system, because it represents the main resource of the system. The analysis underlines the introduction of the public manager in the Romanian civil servic...

  20. The industrial attitudes of active white collar civil service trade unionists.

    OpenAIRE

    Achike, B. C.

    1991-01-01

    This thesis describes and explains a recent industrial relations phenomenon, the "Industrial attitudes of active white-collar civil service trade unionists." It begins by tracing the problem facing the civil service trade unions back to the institutionalized low pay of their members and the apparently autocratic character of their employer. Evidence was gathered which showed that the Government, in its role as employer, had over the years gradually disarmed the representatives of its emplo...

  1. Nurturing the H in HR: Using Action Learning to Build Organisation Development Capability in the UK Civil Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hale, Richard; Saville, Martin

    2014-01-01

    In the UK, the Civil Service Reform Plan is being implemented with urgency. This requires Civil Service departments and agencies to reform their structures and ways of working in order to deliver effective services in a climate of economic austerity and rapid social and technological change. Historically, Human Resource (HR) professionals have…

  2. The Civil Service Reform in the Context of Sustainable Development. A Comparison between Romania and Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogdan BERCEANU

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In the last decade the public administration system from most of the EU countries suffered many transformations in order to achieve the objectives proposed by the European Union, such as sustainable development. The civil service represented and still is a very important key factor for a success reformation of the administrative system, because it represents the main resource of the system. The analysis underlines the introduction of the public manager in the Romanian civil service hierarchy and the introduction of the concept dirigenza pubblica, a type of public management, in the Italian public administration. Moreover, we will present the introduction of the dirigente pubblico, public manager, in the Italian civil service system.

  3. 5 CFR 213.3202 - Entire executive civil service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... performance appraisal program established under an approved performance appraisal system. (iv) Service... officials in FCIP administration, such as human resources staff, budget and finance staff, career counselors... determining financial need. An agency wishing to use the Department of Health and Human Services'...

  4. por el Tribunal Constitucional chileno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marisol Peña Torres

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La modificación introducida por la reforma constitucional de agosto de 1989 al artículo 5º de la Constitución chilena sentó un criterio decisivo en la incorporación del derecho internacional de los derechos humanos al ordenamiento jurídico interno. El artículo examina la jurisprudencia del Tribunal Constitucional antes y después de esa reforma distinguiendo entre la aplicación del Derecho Internacional de los Derechos Humanos por haberse invocado en la acción deducida y la aplicación de principios y criterios hermenéuticos extraídos del mismo.

  5. The policies of identifying and managing conflicts of interest of civil servants in the civil service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julejda Gërxhi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Social insurance is part of social security which consists as well as of social assistance and services, health services and health care insurance. Everyone has the right for social insurance when retired or in case of incapacity of work under a certain system established by a law. The right of social insurance is part of labor rights. In Albania the mandatory social insurance scheme is based on the pay-as-you-earn principle, on the awareness of the individual about the risks in social field in its future and in the principle of agreement between generations. This is a scheme financed out of contributions from the employers, the employed persons and self-employed. The benefits are provided in case of sickness, maternity, old-age, disability, loss of breadwinner, employment accidents/occupational diseases and unemployment.

  6. Introducing Union Representation and Its Complexities – A Case Study of the Royal Thai Civil Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maarten Pontier

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the result of the recognition under the ILO Conventions 87 and 98 of the freedom of association and subsequent introduction of union representation in the Royal Thai civil service. As a consequence, the Royal Thai Government has changed the Constitution to allow for union representation in its civil service. A decree has been drafted and focus groups have been interviewed to establish the views of a cross-section of civil servants on their expectations and desires in being allowed to form and join a union. The paper discusses the approach taken to union representation in terms of collective bargaining versus joint consultation and centralization versus decentralization and the discourse that has surfaced as a result of the interviews between the policy makers and civil servants, particularly with regard to its context of a high power distance culture. The analysis provides the best practice and effective approach to the introduction of union representation within the Thai Civil Service.

  7. The Permanent People’s Tribunals and indigenous people’s struggles in Mexico : Between coloniality and epistemic justice?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.A. Icaza Garza (Rosalba)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstractOn 21 October 2011, hundreds of Mexican civil society organizations formally submitted a petition to the Lelio e Lisli Basso Foundation in Rome to justify the opening of a Mexican Chapter of the Permanent People’s Tribunals (PPT). The PPT was established in 1979 as the successor to t

  8. A Study on the Development of Curriculum Track for Civil Service Librarian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Younghee Noh

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this study is to improve the competitiveness of professional librarians in society. To this end, we analyzed domestic and international LIS curriculum, determined demand from field librarians through a survey, carried out job analysis by library types, and developed an operating model for LIS curriculum by synthesizing all of these results. Finally, we suggested a course of study for civil service librarians based on this model. As a result, the six required courses for civil service librarians are: Introduction to Library and Information Science, Information Organization, Information Services (Reference and Information Services, Library Management, Information Retrieval, and Field Work. The four core courses for the civil service concentration are: Collection Development, Information Sources by Subjects, Public Library Management, and Digital Libraries. Suggested electives best suited to this career path include Using Web Resources, Information Literacy, Information Services in Culturally Diverse Communities, Library Marketing, Libraries and Cultural Programs, Reading Guidance, Library History, Small Library Management, Studies in Library Buildings, Library Cooperation, Managing Digital Collections, and Information and Communication in a Digital Age.

  9. Arbitral Tribunal Power to Disqualify Unethical Counsel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Florescu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In specific matters of conflicts of interest ethical issues in connection with the parties' legal representatives could occur in the course of arbitration proceedings. The purpose of this paper is to identify and investigate the current status of the arbitral tribunals and arbitral institutions power to sanction counsel’s misconduct in the event of conflicts of interest. Parties have a fundamental right to choose the counsel and in the same time the right to an independent and impartial tribunal, therefore the source of the arbitral tribunal power to disqualify a counsel is a hot topic. There are no express provisions granting arbitrators such power, only soft law instruments, but which have no binding effect as long as the parties do not agree on them. For these reasons, two renowned cases where international arbitral tribunals have dealt with the subject are examined. Developing “truly transnational” ethical rules and their implementation by the arbitral institutions might be a solution. Arbitral tribunals are establishing this issue on the basis of the undertaken and applied international soft law (professional guidelines which gained credibility and popularity and also became accepted international standards in the arbitration field.

  10. The privatization of human services: myths, social capital and civil society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Lawrence L

    2004-01-01

    It is fashionable to point to privatization and the involvement of for-profits as the parties responsible for many, if not most, of the ills that plague the social welfare system today. This article takes a contrary point of view. Three arguments are made. First, private sector human service delivery and the use of for-profits in the United States predate privatization as a defined public policy. Second, the privatization of the human services is a world wide phenomenon that transcends politics and ideology. Third, the privatization of human services helps to promote civil society and generate social capital.

  11. Prières et service public Prayers and the civil service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles J. Guglielmi

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available La marque de la séparation des Eglises et de l’Etat semble en France suffisamment forte pour que les points de contact entre service public et prière soient rares et plutôt indirects, à partir de comportements qui n’ont en général pas pour objet d’opposer le seul acte de prière aux normes juridiques et sociales environnantes. Néanmoins à partir des systèmes juridiques et des pratiques d’autres pays d’Europe, les arrêts pragmatiques de la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme révèlent une retenue comparable, même si leur fondement est nécessairement différent.Dans son ensemble, la jurisprudence de la Cour permet de constater que les Etats membres du Conseil de l’Europe ont parfois à l’égard de la prière des attitudes restrictives qui dépendent soit d’une sorte de protection de la religion dominante par rapport aux cultes minoritaires, soit d’un refus implicite de l’athéisme. En revanche, la notion de service public, n’étant pas universellement reconnue en Europe, ne fournit pas un cadre de raisonnement juridique signifiant dans les arrêts, ce qui ne permet d’identifier les rapports entre prières et service public que par le biais du contexte dans lequel se produisent les actes de prière.The mark of the separation between the Church and the State seems sufficiently strong in France so that the points of contact between the civil service and prayer are rare and rather indirect, starting with behaviours which do not have in general aim to oppose the sole act of prayer to the legal and social standards surrounding (First part. Nevertheless the legal systems and practices of other countries of Europe reveal the pragmatic judgements of the European Court of Human Rights and their comparable reserve, even if their base is necessarily different (Second part.As a whole, the decisions of the Court make it possible to note that the Member States of the Council of Europe sometimes have restrictive attitudes

  12. El tribunal de la Santa Inquisición y los negros esclavos en América

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosas Navarro, Ruth Magali

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Black slaves in America related with the Inquisitorial tribune in multiple ways: as processed defendants, confiscated material goods, service within and outside the Holy Office's prisons, witnesses and plaintiffs of their masters. Regarding this last matter, one could say that the Holy Office became the Justice Tribune which dedfended these «ebony pieces» from their master's abuse.

    Los negros esclavos en América se relacionaron de múltiples maneras con el tribunal inquisitorial: como reos procesados, bienes materiales confiscados, servicio dentro y fuera de las cárceles del Santo Oficio, testigos y denunciantes de sus amos. En este último sentido, el Santo Oficio se convirtió en Tribunal de Justicia que defendió a estas «piezas de ébano» del maltrato de sus amos.

  13. Analysis of Special Education Tribunal Outcomes Using Luhmann's Systems Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valeo, Angela; Underwood, Kathryn

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines Special Education Tribunals, in Ontario, Canada through a Luhmannian theoretical lens. At total of 58 Special Education Tribunal summary hearings were analyzed using the constant comparative method through NVivo software. The results revealed that these Tribunals appear to favour the assessment testimony of teachers and other…

  14. Performance appraisal in Uganda’s civil service: Does administrative culture matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Karyeija, Gerald Kagambirwe

    2010-01-01

    This study explores administrative culture and examines its impact on the reform of performance appraisal in Uganda’s civil service, an area which has received little attention from researchers. It reveals that Uganda’s bureaucracy is characterized by large power distance, strong uncertainty avoidance, high ethnicity and political neutrality. Evidence for this study gathered from 147 questionnaires, 29 interviews and various documents for eight months indicates that these cultu...

  15. 20th Anniversary Conference on World Bank Administrative Tribunal

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    Contents :"Review of discretionary power by international administrative tribunals" by Michel Gentot, "Checks exerted by administrative tribunals over the discretionary powers of international organizations" by Nicolas Valticos, "Comments" by Ranjan (C.F.) Amerasinghe, "The review of managerial discretion by international administrative tribunals" by Francisco Orrego Vicuña, "Some practical issue arising in international administrative tribunals" by Nassib G. Ziadé, "Aspects of judicial review of administrative action in the WBAT with comparative remarks" by Spyridon Flogaitis, "The International Monetary Fund Administrative Tribunal : its first six years" by Celia Goldman

  16. Interdits et interdictions dans le droit de la fonction publique Prohibitions in Civil Service Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Guillet

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Dans le droit français de la fonction publique, les interdits découlent de la situation légale et réglementaire faite aux agents publics. Cette situation juridique objective en constitue le fondement et conduit à une forme d’indétermination de leur étendue. Pour autant, l’apparition de la notion de « déontologie du fonctionnaire » laisse apparaître une mutation de la logique d’interdiction. Cette mutation se traduit par une invitation au respect de bonnes pratiques professionnelles mais aussi à une normalisation des comportements des agents publics.In the French law concerning civil service, prohibitions originate in the situation of the civil servants according to law and regulations. This objective legal situation constitutes the basis of these prohibitions and leads to a sort of indetermination in their scope. However the apparition of the concept of “civil servant’s deontology” shows a mutation in the prohibition’s logics. This mutation is translated into an invitation to respect good professional practices but also into a normalisation of the behaviour of civil servants.

  17. The development and effectiveness of international administrative law on the occasion of the thirtieth anniversary of the World Bank Administrative Tribunal

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    International administrative law, or more precisely the law of the international civil service, has been the focus of increased attention in recent years. A part of the discussion has focused on the design of the justice mechanisms of international organizations, exemplified by the overhaul of the internal justice system of the United Nations in 2009. The internal justice systems of some international organizations have been subjected to scrutiny before some national courts, and the role and contribution of international administrative tribunals to the development of the law continue to be an important part of discussions of good governance and accountability of international organizations. The essays in this book, written by judges, practitioners, academics and other experts, address these and other issues.

  18. A Decade of Civil Service Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Ian Lienert; Jitendra R. Modi

    1997-01-01

    This paper assesses a decade of experience in civil service reform in a sample of 32 sub-Saharan African countries. Many countries have made an important start towards reducing excessive staffing levels and the nominal wage bill, but less progress has been made in decompressing salary differentials in favor of higher-grade staff. In the CFA franc zone countries, real wages fell sharply after the 1994 devaluation, but the wage bill relative to tax revenue is still high in many countries. There...

  19. Arbitral Tribunal Power to Disqualify Unethical Counsel

    OpenAIRE

    Cristina Florescu

    2015-01-01

    In specific matters of conflicts of interest ethical issues in connection with the parties' legal representatives could occur in the course of arbitration proceedings. The purpose of this paper is to identify and investigate the current status of the arbitral tribunals and arbitral institutions power to sanction counsel’s misconduct in the event of conflicts of interest. Parties have a fundamental right to choose the counsel and in the same time the right to an independent and impartial tribu...

  20. The Implementation Of Issuance Service Of Birth And Death Certificates Indepartment Of Population And Civil Registrar Of Merauke District

    OpenAIRE

    Syahruddin; Haselman

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to know and describe 1 implementation of service policy of birth certificate 2 implementation of service policy of death certificate 3 constraints in the implementation of service policy in Department of Population and Civil Registrar Merauke. This study used a qualitative approach with data collecting techniques with a focus on both birth and death certificates service. Data collection techniques used in this research is interviews and documents and lit...

  1. Experience within the CERN Civil Engineering Group with Outsourced Design Services

    CERN Document Server

    Watson, T

    1998-01-01

    In April 1996, CERN awarded three contracts for civil engineering design services associated with the LHC project. The three contracts were awarded to three different joint ventures of firms from five member states. The total bid price for these services was in excess of 35 MCHF and the contracts will run for up to seven years. This paper aims to discuss and analyze the experience gained to date in the management of these contracts. In particular, the paper will address the issues of conditions of contract and specification for this form of contract. Current experience with each of the three consultants will be presented with the areas of difficulty highlighted. Conclusions will be made regarding future use of such contracts and in particular the way in which CERN must change in order to work efficiently with external designers.

  2. Cosa Juzgada Constitucional Sui Generis y su Efecto en las Sentencias del Tribunal Constitucional en materia de Inaplicabilidad e Inconstitucionalidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio Alfonso Garrote Campillay

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se abordara la cosa juzgada constitucional y su efecto en las sentencias del Tribunal Constitucional, en materia de inaplicabilidad e inconstitucionalidad. Proponemos una cosa juzgada constitucional sui generis o cosa decidida, en atención a las particularidades que presenta esta institución en el ámbito del Derecho Constitucional, por ende no nos ceñiremos al concepto tradicional del Derecho Procesal Civil.

  3. Análisis argumentativo de la sentencia del Tribunal Constitucional en el caso PUCP

    OpenAIRE

    Felix Morales Luna

    2010-01-01

    Analizar la argumentación jurídica contenida en la sentencia recaída en el Expediente 03347-2009-PA/TC expedida por el Tribunal Constitucional del Perú el pasado 17 de marzo de 2010, y suscrita por cuatro magistrados, a propósito del recurso de agravio constitucional presentado por la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú contra la sentencia de la Octava Sala Civil de la Corte Superior de Justicia de Lima en la controversia que mantiene contra el señor Walter Muñoz Cho

  4. Análisis argumentativo de la sentencia del Tribunal Constitucional en el caso PUCP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felix Morales Luna

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Analizar la argumentación jurídica contenida en la sentencia recaída en el Expediente 03347-2009-PA/TC expedida por el Tribunal Constitucional del Perú el pasado 17 de marzo de 2010, y suscrita por cuatro magistrados, a propósito del recurso de agravio constitucional presentado por la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú contra la sentencia de la Octava Sala Civil de la Corte Superior de Justicia de Lima en la controversia que mantiene contra el señor Walter Muñoz Cho

  5. 32 CFR 776.45 - Extra-tribunal statements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY MISCELLANEOUS RULES PROFESSIONAL... of Professional Conduct § 776.45 Extra-tribunal statements. (a) Extra-tribunal statements: (1) A... criminal record of a party, suspect in a criminal investigation, victim, or witness, or the identity of...

  6. Predicting Pre-Service Classroom Teachers' Civil Servant Recruitment Examination's Educational Sciences Test Scores Using Artificial Neural Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, Metin

    2015-01-01

    This study predicts the number of correct answers given by pre-service classroom teachers in Civil Servant Recruitment Examination's (CSRE) educational sciences test based on their high school grade point averages, university entrance scores, and grades (mid-term and final exams) from their undergraduate educational courses. This study was…

  7. Public administration reform in the context of European integration: Continuing problems of the civil service in Romania

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.L. Ioniţa; A. Freyberg-Inan

    2008-01-01

    This article examines the role played by European integration in the public administration reform process in Romania, with a focus on the relations between elected political elites and the civil service. It addresses the question whether the constant interaction between EU institutions and the Roman

  8. Warm Feelings, Chill Thoughts: Negotiating the Implementation of an ODA ELT Project with the Indonesian Civil Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belben, Gillian; Gaylord, Wendy

    Lessons learned in the development and implementation of an English language training (ELT) project for Indonesian Civil Service workers are discussed. The project, designed to focus on development of English communication skills, was undertaken in cooperation with the state administration agency. Issues and difficulties discussed include:…

  9. 76 FR 39926 - Submission for Review: SF 2800, Application for Death Benefits Under the Civil Service Retirement...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-07

    ... MANAGEMENT Submission for Review: SF 2800, Application for Death Benefits Under the Civil Service Retirement System; and SF 2800A, Documentation and Elections in Support of Application for Death Benefits When...@opm.gov or faxed to (202) 606-0910. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: SF 2800, Application for Death...

  10. 76 FR 82002 - Submission for Review: SF 2800, Application for Death Benefits Under the Civil Service Retirement...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-29

    ... Volume 76 FR 39926 allowing for a 60-day public comment period. No comments were received for this... MANAGEMENT Submission for Review: SF 2800, Application for Death Benefits Under the Civil Service Retirement System; and SF 2800A, Documentation and Elections in Support of Application for Death Benefits...

  11. Jurisprudència i bibliografia sobre la funció pública - The Civil Service: Case Law and Literature - Jurisprudencia y bibliografía sobre la función pública

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gemma Geis Carreras

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available L’article analitza les novetats jurisprudencials i doctrinals aparegudes amb posterioritat a l’aprovació de Estatut bàsic de l'empleat públic (EBEP. En aquest sentit, s’inicia un recorregut amb les darreres sentències del Tribunal Constitucional respecte del dret fonamental a l’accés a la funció pública, passant pels requisits d’accés a la funció pública, les garanties del procediment de selecció envers les mesures de discriminació positiva, polítiques d’igualtat i d’inserció de les persones discapacitades, finalitzant amb l’adquisició i pèrdua de la condició de funcionari. Cal destacar que el context de crisi econòmica actual està present en el treball. L’aprovació de mesures d’un control més gran del dèficit públic ha comportat la impugnació davant dels tribunals de justícia de l’adopció de mesures que afecten els drets retributius dels empleats públics, especialment, del personal laboral. D’altra banda, es fa esment a la publicació de treballs que reflexionen respecte de les mesures de reorganització administrativa, reducció de treballadors públics, la incidència de la reforma laboral en la negociació col·lectiva i la modificació de les condicions de treball dels treballadors públics en el si de les administracions públiques.This article analyzes the novelties in case law and doctrine that have appeared subsequent to the passage of the Basic Statute for Public Employees. In this regard, the article reviews the most recent sentences of the Constitutional Court regarding the fundamental right of access to the civil service, including the requirements for joining the civil service, the guarantees of the selection procedure with respect to affirmative action and the policies for the equality and inclusion of persons with disabilities, and lastly, the acquisition and loss of one´s status as a civil servant. It should be emphasized that the context of the current economic crisis is

  12. Public health nutrition in the civil service (England): approaches to tackling obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackshaw, J R

    2016-08-01

    The seriousness and scale of the physical, psychological, economic and societal consequences relating to poor diets, inactivity and obesity is unprecedented. Consequently, the contextual factors underpinning the work of a nutritionist in the civil service are complex and significant; however, there are real opportunities to make a difference and help improve the health of the nation. The present paper describes the delivery of public health nutrition through two work programmes, namely action to support young people develop healthier lifestyle choices and more recently the investigation and deployment of local insights to develop action to tackle obesity. Combining the application of nutrition expertise along with broader skills and approaches has enabled the translation of research and evidence into programmes of work to better the public's health. It is evident that the appropriate evaluation of such approaches has helped to deliver engaging and practical learning opportunities for young people. Furthermore, efforts to build on local intelligence and seek collaborative development can help inform the evidence base and seek to deliver public health approaches, which resonate with how people live their lives. PMID:26947185

  13. Tribunal administratif de l'Organisation internationale du Travail (TAOIT)

    CERN Document Server

    International Labour Organization. Geneva

    Le Tribunal administratif de l'Organisation internationale du Travail connaît des requêtes formées par les fonctionnaires ou les anciens fonctionnaires du Bureau international du Travail et des quelque trente organisations qui ont reconnu sa compétence. The ILO Administrative Tribunal (ILOAT) hears complaints from serving and former officials of the International Labour Office or one of the thirty-odd intergovernmental organizations that recognise its jurisdiction.

  14. THE EXCEPTION OF UNCONSTITUTIONALITY RAISED BEFORE AN INTERNATIONAL ARBITRAL TRIBUNAL

    OpenAIRE

    Eugen HURUBÃ; Luminita GABURA

    2014-01-01

    The main aim of the paper work is to determine whether the Constitutional Court of Romania could be notified by international tribunals in relation to cases tried under Romanian law. On 5 March 2013 the Constitutional Court of Romania decided, for the first time, on a case concerning an exception of unconstitutionality raised before an international tribunal of commercial arbitration. The exception of unconstitutionality of a Government Emergency Ordinance was raised in an arbitration case pe...

  15. Hybrid Tribunals as Capacity Building: Narrowing the Impunity Gap?

    OpenAIRE

    Jimenez, Ezequiel

    2015-01-01

    This thesis analyzes how hybrid tribunals might contribute to narrowing the impunity gap through their capacity building premise. It asks what capacity building recommendations can be drawn from situations where hybrid tribunals have been established. The thesis analyzes the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL), the ongoing trials in the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) and the unique judicial set up in the Bosnian War Crimes Chamber (BWCC) within the Court of Bosnia H...

  16. Comparative Analysis of Labor Relations in the Latin American Civil Service: Argentina, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Peru: Working Paper

    OpenAIRE

    José Alberto Bonifacio; Graciela Falivene

    2002-01-01

    This document is a summary of the study entitled, Comparative Analysis of Labor Relations in the Latin American Civil Service: Argentina, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Peru. The report includes the theoretical framework, the results of the study, and contains conclusions for consideration for a "labor relations development index." This document was commissioned by the Public Management and Transparency Network of the Regional Policy Dialogue for the 2nd Hemispheric Meeting celebrated on April 4th a...

  17. Comparative Analysis of Labor Relations in the Latin American Civil Service: Argentina, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Peru

    OpenAIRE

    José Alberto Bonifacio; Graciela Falivene

    2002-01-01

    This document is a summary of the study entitled, Comparative Analysis of Labor Relations in the Latin American Civil Service: Argentina, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Peru. The report includes the theoretical framework, the results of the study, and contains conclusions for consideration for a "labor relations development index." This document was commissioned by the Public Management and Transparency Network of the Regional Policy Dialogue for the 2nd Hemispheric Meeting celebrated on April 4th a...

  18. Production of a New Model for Evaluation of Iran Ecological Capabilities in Order to Establish Services and Civil Development Application

    OpenAIRE

    J Nouri; S. A. Jozi

    2004-01-01

    This study is aimed to design a new model for service and civil development application in order to be used in evaluation of Iran ecological capability studies. For this purpose in the first step, the frequency of sustainable and unsustainable ecological factors in Iran was known. In the next step, the Delphi method was used which is itself a branch of phase theory methods. Effective ecological factors priorities and frequency value of each factor were determined by completing 750 questionnai...

  19. PROCESS MATTERS - EMPIRICALLY EVALUATING ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNALS IN THE HEALTH SECTOR: THE QUESTIONABLE NEUTRALITY OF ADMINISTRATIVE TRIBUNAL PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lydia Stewart Ferreira

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The health tribunal process is assumed to be neutral and allow for the tribunal’s focus to be on the parties’ legal arguments. This study quantitatively examined approximately 400 decisions over a five-year period to determine whether or not health tribunal hearings are neutral or whether the hearing process itself affects the tribunal’s decision independent of the parties’ legal arguments. Certain tribunal procedures affected tribunal decisions independent of legal arguments. This novel quantitative research matrix, which analysed cases over a five year time period, identified trends which are overlooked in traditional legal analysis of judicial review.   Il est présumé que le processus d’audience du tribunal de la santé est neutre et permet au tribunal de se concentrer sur les arguments juridiques des parties. Cette étude porte sur l’analyse quantitative d’environ 400 décisions et s’est étendue sur une période de cinq années; elle visait à déterminer si les audiences du tribunal de la santé sont neutres ou non, ou si le processus d’audience même influence les décisions du tribunal indépendamment des arguments juridiques des parties. Cette nouvelle matrice de données quantitatives, qui a analysé des causes sur une période de cinq années, a permis de constater des tendances qui sont mises de côté dans les analyses juridiques traditionnelles du processus de contrôle judiciaire.

  20. New Public Management, Public Service Bargains and the challenges of interdepartmental coordination: a comparative analysis of top civil servants in state administration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Morten Balle; Steen, Trui; de Jong, Marsha

    2013-01-01

    In this article we are interested in how the coordinating role of top civil servants is related to the argument that country-level differences in the adoption of New Public Management significantly alter the Public Service Bargains of top civil servants and consequently their capacity to accompli...

  1. Policy and Procedures of the Civil Service = Sivil Hizmet Prosedürleri ve Politikaları

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shirdokht ZIARATI

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Turkey desires to join the European Union. There is a need to prepare a reform for administration in this country. Macro-management reform needs a model, which can be accepted by European Union. This article is an attempt to propose an application of international civil service laws. It deals with recruitment, training, promotion, relocation, and redundancy of staff members. The French Public Service Policy and Procedures has been recommended by author as the best international practice for all countries which desire to be in European Union.

  2. The Implementation Of Issuance Service Of Birth And Death Certificates Indepartment Of Population And Civil Registrar Of Merauke District

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syahruddin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to know and describe 1 implementation of service policy of birth certificate 2 implementation of service policy of death certificate 3 constraints in the implementation of service policy in Department of Population and Civil Registrar Merauke. This study used a qualitative approach with data collecting techniques with a focus on both birth and death certificates service. Data collection techniques used in this research is interviews and documents and literature. The results of study found that the implementation of service policies of birth and death certificates in providing routine service quality based on community satisfaction index showed good results but there are some elements of service needs to be improved is the speed of service discipline officers and service schedule certainty. Variables encountered in the implementation of birth and death certificates issuance as follows human resources communications disposition bureaucratic structures and various obstacles in the field facilities and infrastructure as service operational support geographical circum stances that are difficult to reach lack of socialization and still in awareness of peoples.

  3. Tracing public values change: a historical study of civil service job advertisements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.R. Rutgers; T. Beck Jørgensen

    2014-01-01

    Long term changes in public values are not easily detected. One important reason is the limited availability of reliable empirical data. Job advertisements allow us to go back in history for some decades and job ads may present us with the values that are supposed to guide civil servant behavior. Th

  4. Judges and lawmaking at the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Swart, Mia

    2006-01-01

    In this study the author examines the question of whether the judges at the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda are entitled to make law. Instances of substantive and procedural lawmaking at the tribunals are analysed. The context within which tribunal law is made a

  5. Production of a New Model for Evaluation of Iran Ecological Capabilities in Order to Establish Services and Civil Development Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Nouri

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is aimed to design a new model for service and civil development application in order to be used in evaluation of Iran ecological capability studies. For this purpose in the first step, the frequency of sustainable and unsustainable ecological factors in Iran was known. In the next step, the Delphi method was used which is itself a branch of phase theory methods. Effective ecological factors priorities and frequency value of each factor were determined by completing 750 questionnaires for desired branches (Delphi group. Questionnaire data were analyzed using software SPSS 11.0. After designing, model was introduced to geographical information system using Arcinfo program. Model sensitive analysis test was done with the purpose to determine the level of sensibility in favorable replies against the specific changes in target function with the simplex method using Lingo software. This model is used in evaluation of ecological capability at the time of ecological resources analysis in the field under examination and after the preparation of environmental unit maps. Indeed environmental unit map is considered as a base map in ecological capability evaluation in this study. To asses the capabilities of the new method, ecological capability of District 22, Municipality of Tehran was evaluated as a case study and service and civil development application map was prepared using Arc-view GIS 3.2a program. Results of the studies on this section, according to the new method, the points given in environmental units vary from zero to sixty-five. There are restricting factors such as some environmental units along river path, fold passage and hilly areas, which hinder these units from getting service and civil development application.

  6. 我国民事诉讼电子送达探析%Analysis on Electronic Service in Civil Procedure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石春雷

    2015-01-01

    Electronic service is an innovation of the civil justice system, and its characteristics of efficiency, instance and practice etc. meet the realistic demand of the court in judicial practice, due to the manpower being much less satisfied the numerously increasing cases, and the lack of judicial resources. It is also in accordance with the inevitable trend of the service system's development in the information age. But as a new mode of service, electronic service of civil litigation has such defects as confirmation receipt, information security, program risks and deficiencies in technical barriers, etc. In order to ensure the realization of efficiency and fair value of the electronic service of civil procedure, in legislation and in practice, we need to implement a series of perfecting paths, for instance, to make the receive pattern clear, to ensure the information security, to perfect the service procedure, to establish a platform of service.%电子送达是民事司法制度的创新,其高效、即时、实用等特征满足了司法实践中法院案多人少,司法资源不足的现实需求,也符合了信息化时代送达制度发展的必然趋势.但作为一种新型的送达方式,民事诉讼电子送达存在确认收悉、信息安全、程序风险和技术障碍等方面的缺陷.为了确保民事诉讼电子送达效率和公正价值的实现,需要在立法和实践中通过落实明确收悉方式、保障信息安全、完善送达程序和建立送达平台等一系列措施加以完善.

  7. fisonomía y las atribuciones del Tribunal Constitucional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lautaro Ríos Álvarez

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la transferencia del recurso de inaplicabilidad por inconstitucionalidad de competencia hasta ahora de la Corte Suprema de Justicia al Tribunal Constitucional, considerando sus implicancias en el sistema de control de constitucionalidad y las innovaciones que ello implica en nuestro ordenamiento jurídico.

  8. 76 FR 50808 - Certification Related to the Khmer Rouge Tribunal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-16

    ... United Nations and Government of Cambodia are taking credible steps to address allegations of corruption... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Certification Related to the Khmer Rouge Tribunal Pursuant to the authority vested in the Secretary of...

  9. Organizational Effectiveness for Effective Transformation of Sub-Sahara Africa: An Empirical Review of Anambra State Civil Service, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clementina Uchenna Agbionu

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The public sector in Nigeria has suffered series of setbacks which were attributed to ineffective and inefficient management which immediately calls for transformation of the sector in order to ensure the effectiveness and efficiency in the performance of the sector for national development. Transformation for national development in Nigeria demands new tools to support the performance of the public sector. Organizational Effectiveness is a tool which describes the degree to which an organization realizes its goal. This paper intends to contribute its own quota to the transformation question by investigating the potential models and tools for understanding, explaining and measuring organizational effectiveness of the public sector organizations in Nigeria. To do this, the paper evaluated the immediate results of the work of NATO RTO HFM Task Group (TG 163 on “Improving Organizational Effectiveness of Coalition Operations which consists of researchers from eleven nations of the world. The paper used descriptive statistics and content analysis to analyze “Organizational effectiveness in the context of public organizations, and to categorize factors critical to organizational effectiveness. Based on the review of the models, the study developed a structured questionnaire which was used to collect the relevant data for the purpose of investigating the effect of the different factors that influence organizational effectiveness, expose inefficiencies in public organizations and determine measures to achieve better organizational effectiveness in Anambra State Civil Service. The findings revealed that the key areas of structure and processes, people and culture do not receive adequate attention in the Anambra State Civil Service. A major recommendation of the study is that the emphasis of the government should not be basically on the provision of resources but also on how the resources are effectively and efficiently managed especially during the

  10. Death by homeopathy: issues for civil, criminal and coronial law and for health service policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freckelton, Ian

    2012-03-01

    Homoeopathy has a significant clinical history, tracing its roots back to Hippocrates and more latterly to Dr Christian (Samuel) Hahnemann (1755-1843), a Saxon physician. In the last 30 years it has ridden a wave of resurgent interest and practice associated with disillusionment with orthodox medicine and the emergence of complementary therapies. However, recent years have seen a series of meta-analyses that have suggested that the therapeutic claims of homeopathy lack scientific justification. A 2010 report of the Science and Technology Committee of the United Kingdom House of Commons recommended that it cease to be a beneficiary of NHS funding because of its lack of scientific credibility. In Australia the National Health and Medical Research Council is expected to publish a statement on the ethics of health practitioners' use of homoeopathy in 2013. In India, England, New South Wales and Western Australia civil, criminal and coronial decisions have reached deeply troubling conclusions about homoeopaths and the risk that they pose for counter-therapeutic outcomes, including the causing of deaths. The legal decisions, in conjunction with the recent analyses of homoeopathy's claims, are such as to raise confronting health care and legal issues relating to matters as diverse as consumer protection and criminal liability. They suggest that the profession is not suitable for formal registration and regulation lest such a status lend to it a legitimacy that it does not warrant.

  11. Constitutionality of the Plachimada Tribunal Bill, 2011: An Assessment - Comment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujith Koonan

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The Plachimada Coca-Cola Victims Relief and Compensation Claims Special Tribunal Bill, 2011 was passed by the Kerala Legislative Assembly on 24 February 2011. The Bill provides for the establishment of a special tribunal to settle disputes between the local residents and the Hindustan Coca Cola Company in Plachimada for recovery of compensation for damages caused to individuals, property and the environment by the company. The Bill is reserved for the assent of the President of India. In the meantime, the central government has sought clarifications on the Kerala government’s competence under the Constitution to adopt the Bill. The major issue is the perceived inconsistency between the Bill and some of the central environmental laws. Thus, the constitutional validity of the Bill is in doubt. In this background, this paper examines the issue of legislative competence of the Kerala government to adopt the Bill.

  12. Assisted Death: The Risks and Benefits of Tribunal Approval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handelman, Mark

    2016-02-01

    Should every request for physician-assisted death require approval from some kind of independent tribunal? The benefits include consistent interpretation of statutory or judge-created guidelines from hospital to hospital, accurate reporting of assisted deaths, a process that protects vulnerable patients and health practitioners, and assurance to the public that the process has sufficient safeguards. On the other hand, such a process might cause delays for persons suffering intolerably. Accessibility might be a problem, and there is the risk that the patient's personal health information becomes fodder for media sensationalism. The author weighs these risks and benefits and concludes that a tribunal approval process is a transparent system capable of helping the law clearly gel in a way that provides guidelines, encourages trust in the healthcare process generally and the assisted death process specifically. I PMID:27169206

  13. Refugees of the Syrian Civil War: Impact on Reemerging Infections, Health Services, and Biosecurity in Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doganay, Mehmet; Demiraslan, Hayati

    2016-01-01

    After the Arab Spring uprising, Syria descended into a civil war in 2011. By March 2016, the United Nations reported that 13.5 million Syrians required humanitarian assistance, including 6.6 million internally displaced persons and more than 4.8 million refugees outside of Syria. Turkey is currently hosting the largest number of Syrian refugees-more than 2.7 million. A limited number of refugees are living in camps settled around the border, and others are spread throughout Turkey. This explosive and unexpected increase in the Syrian population in Turkey has had several negative impacts on health and social determinants. The overload of healthcare facilities has led to shortages in childhood immunization programs, drugs, and access to clean water and food supplies. According to Ministry of Health data, more than 7.5 million Syrians were examined at outpatient clinics, and 299,240 were hospitalized; most of those hospitalized were injured and wounded victims who require and have been occupying intensive care units. The refugees generally live in crowded and unsanitary conditions, which may lead to the spread of respiratory, skin, gastrointestinal, and genital system infections. Currently, measles, poliomyelitis, leishmaniasis, and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis are the reemerging infections being most frequently recorded. Multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacterial infections seem to be an increasing problem in gunshot or surgical wounds. Hepatitis A, malaria, and varicella have been seen with a high incidence among the refugees. There are many problems waiting to be resolved for health and living standards in Turkey. PMID:27362427

  14. Children's Education and Mental Health in Spain during and after the Civil War: Psychiatry, Psychology and "Biological Pedagogy" at the Service of Franco's Regime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomez, Amparo; Canales, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    This article analyses the child psychiatry and psychology developed during the Spanish Civil War and immediate postwar period. The aim is to demonstrate that, despite the existence of a certain degree of disciplinary continuity in relation to the pre-war period, both disciplines were placed at the service of Francoism. This meant that the…

  15. 我国公务员薪酬的公平问题探究%Analysis of the Fairness of China's Civil Service Pay

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢振江

    2011-01-01

    衡量公务员薪酬的公平性,可以从外部公平、内部公平和个人公平三方面进行。从这三方面分析,我国存在着较明显的公务员薪酬的不公平性。应构建并完善公务员薪酬调查、比较和调整机制,提高外部公平性;合理调整地区间、部门间的公务员薪酬差距,提高内部公平性;科学合理地进行绩效考核,提高个人公平性。%Measuring the fairness of civil service pay demands three aspects,such as the external equity,internal equity and individual equity.Analyzing these three areas,there is obvious unfairness in China's civil service pay.We should build and improve the civil service pay survey,comparison and adjustment mechanisms to improve the external equity,reasonable adjust inter-regional,inter-sectoral civil service pay gap to improve internal equity,and evaluate the performance in scientific and rational way to improve the personal equity.

  16. Observations regarding the right of civil servants to pursue a career. About „instability” in civil service and law non-compliance practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camelia STOICA

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In the present study the regulation of the carrier of the civil servants is considered, especially the stability and continuity – essential elements at the European Union level. Unfortunately, in the Romanian legislation, as well as in the institutional case law, it remains a purely declarative issue. The study is based on a series of recent court decisions. We criticized the abusive use of the expeditious ordinances and the instruments of legislative regulation. This is considered as an abusive practice of the law maker and shows a legislative inability related to the regulation of the public office, especially by not observing the conditions in which a person could be relieved of his office. The conclusion of the study leads to the necessity for the law maker to revise the statute of the civil servant, especially by eliminating the fluctuation determined by the succession of the governing political forces.

  17. La Funció Pública Europea - La función pública europea - The Civil Service in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laure Levi

    2012-12-01

    europeas esperan que su personal respete las altas normas profesionales y éticas. El estatuto establece y organiza los derechos y obligaciones de los funcionarios. También organiza el régimen disciplinario, es decir, el régimen que se aplica cuando un funcionario —o antiguo funcionario— ignora sus obligaciones profesionales, ya se haya cometido la falta voluntariamente o por negligencia.The European civil service is made up, on the one hand, of European civil servants who are governed by a statute, and agents working under public law employment contract. The statute, which is the main foundation for the European civil service, is aimed at regulating the legal relations between the institutions and their employees by establishing a set of reciprocal rights and obligations between the two.  The civil servants and agents thus have rights that are provided for under the statute and primary law (such at the right to defense, the right to have the grounds for a decision stated, freedom of expression, freedom of association, and the respect for their private and family lives.  However, they also have certain duties and obligations the violation of which can lead to disciplinary sanctions and termination of employment. European institutions expect their staff to abide by a high standard of  professional and ethical norms. The statute formulates and organizes civil servants´ rights and obligations. In addition, it organizes disciplinary procedures, i.e., the procedures applied when a civil servant, or former civil servant, disregards his professional obligations, regardless of whether this misconduct is voluntary or through negligence.

  18. [The effects of the interference of the Civil Veterinary service (CVS) of Java after the outbreak of rinderpest in 1878].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barwegen, Martine

    2008-01-01

    The Civil Veterinary Service on Java, Netherlands East-Indies, was established in 1853, more than 20 years after the introduction of the Cultivation System. During the 19th century its tasks were directed at the survey of livestock, esp. its health. Despite the fact that the number of veterinarians was far from enough, the communications problematic, and the optimal functioning of the Service assailed by infrastructional shortcomings, the CVS managed to carry out--in a relatively short period--a great deal of significant work. The CVS sometimes misjudged the situation completely, e.g. after the outbreak of rinderpest in 1878, that was a major catastrophe. The Dutch laws pertaining to the fight against this diseases were enforced in the Netherlands East-Indies. Agriculture suffered from the ban on moving cattle, cattle suffered from a feed shortage and cattle owners suffered from financial and emotional damage. Although it is impossible to determine exactly the influence of the adopted measures on the course of the epizootic, there are indications that the damages were aggravated through governmental interference. PMID:20642139

  19. The authority of a truncated arbitral tribunal: straight path or puzzle?

    OpenAIRE

    Maniruzzaman, Munir

    2012-01-01

    The situation of a truncated arbitral tribunal may be caused by various factors. It may arise when a three-member tribunal during the course of the arbitral proceedings and before the rendering of the award does not remain the same at some point, meaning that one of the members of the tribunal dies, resigns or fails to attend the proceedings or deliberations leaving the two other members at the helm. In such a situation the questions arise: what is the authority of a truncated tribunal? Can i...

  20. SINGULARIDADES Y TIEMPOS DE UN TRIBUNAL DE DISTRITO. LIMA 1570-1820

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    René Millar Carvacho

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El Tribunal de Lima, en el contexto de la Inquisición española presenta como todos los tribunales de distrito una serie de particularidades, que en su caso se expresan de manera más acentuada, en la medida que los factores de población, con su heterogeneidad, y geográfico, con sus distancias y dimensiones, condicionaron su funcionamiento. Esas singularidades se manifestaron a lo largo tiempo constituyendo fases o ritmos, que reflejaron los avances o retrocesos que experimentó la institución en la operatividad interna o en sus relaciones con las autoridades civiles y eclesiásticas del virreinato, con la sociedad y con las autoridades metropolitanas, tanto inquisitoriales como reales. Los ámbitos en que se muestran de manera más nítida esas particularidades son el hacendístico, el de las competencias jurisdiccionales y el de la actividad represiva. En este artículo, se analizan esos diferentes aspectos y los ritmos que presentan en su evolución, mostrándonos el paso de una fase inicial de asentamiento, a otra de consolidación y poderío, hasta llegar a la final, de decadencia.

  1. The Indian power sector - Role of appellate tribunal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bajaj, Harbans; Sharma, Deepak

    2010-09-15

    India's electricity-supply industry mainly owned and operated by the public sector has been facing endemic energy and peaking shortages with huge commercial losses. Power sector reforms initiated in 1990s culminated with enactment of The Electricity Act, 2003 is briefly discussed here. Appellate Tribunal for Electricity - a unique feature of the Act - constituted to redress grievances of stakeholders has set ground rules for the power sector having harmonizing effect on the various power sector issues and have reduced the element of uncertainty which was prevalent hitherto fore as revealed by the several case studies this paper presents.

  2. On Civility and Civilizations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DAVID GOSSET

    2010-01-01

    @@ At a time when misunderstand-ings between cultures run rampant, when walls of fear, prejudice and hatred divide the members of the human family, it is urgent to intensify the dialogue between civilizations. Under the new leadership of its Director General lrina Bokova, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) declared 2010 as the "Year for the Rapprochement of Cultures." In this context, the concerted reflections and actions of Europe and China can be highly meaningful.

  3. Framework for Deploying Client/Server Distributed Database System for effective Human Resource Information Management Systems in Imo State Civil Service of Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josiah Ahaiwe

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The information system is an integrated system that holds financial and personnel records of persons working in various branches of Imo state civil service. The purpose is to harmonize operations, reduce or if possible eliminate redundancy and control the introduction of “ghost workers” and fraud in pension management. In this research work, an attempt is made to design a frame work for deploying a client/server distributed database system for a human resource information management system with a scope on Imo state civil service in Nigeria. The system consists of a relational database of personnel variables which could be shared by various levels of management in all the ministries’ and their branches located all over the state. The server is expected to be hosted in the accountant general’s office. The system is capable of handling recruitment and promotions issues, training, monthly remunerations, pension and gratuity issues, and employment history, etc.

  4. The Path Selection to Strengthen the Civil Service Ethics%加强公务员职业道德建设的路径选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑伟

    2012-01-01

    本文从分析当前我国公务员职业道德失范的主要现象及成因入手,试图有针对性地提出一些路径选择。%This paper starts from the analysis of China's civil service ethics anomie phenomenon,trying to have proposed some path selections.

  5. THE EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE RIGHTS RELATED TO ARTICLE 6 UNDER THE ECHR JURISPRUDENCE: INDIPENDENT AND IMPARTIAL TRIBUNAL ESTABLISHED BY LAW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena ANDREEVSKA

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Access to justice is a core fundamental right and a central concept in the broader field of justice. The case-law of the European Court of Human Rights on Article 6 is a complex body of rules. Article 6 of the Convention was inspired by Article 10 and 11(1 of the Universal Declaration of Human rights of 1948. It has also its counterpart – with minor differences in Article 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights on 1966. Article 6, which guarantees the right to fair trial, occupies a central place in the system of the Convention. it is a generally agreed that this provision is the most frequently cited one of the Convention, both at the national and international levels. This Article contains a variety of rights which are all related to the good administration of justice, not only criminal, but also in the civil and administrative matters. The ‘independent and impartial tribunal established by law’ is one of textual elements of the Fair Trial Right, as long as it has direct and explicit expression in the text of Convention. Even in simple logical way it can be considered as a suite of requirements referring to 1 the notion of tribunal 2 its attribute of being established by law 3 being independent and 4 being impartial.

  6. 5 CFR 919.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil judgment. 919.920 Section 919.920 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 919.920 Civil judgment. Civil...

  7. ¿Emplea el Tribunal Constitucional el test de proporcionalidad?*1 (128 sentencias del Tribunal Constitucional en la perspectiva de la jurisprudencia constitucional alemana, de la Cámara de los Lores y del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Covarrubias Cuevas

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente texto examina de qué manera el Tribunal Constitucional chileno se ha re- ferido al test de proporcionalidad desde que por primera vez lo invocara el año 2006. En dicha labor el artículo pretende contribuir a dilucidar la incidencia con que ha operado el aludido estándar desde entonces y, asimismo, clarificar la noción del test de proporcionalidad que suele emplear el Tribunal en la perspectiva de algunas versiones comparadas que se exponen acerca del mismo estándar de adju- dicación constitucional. En los casos en que el Tribunal lo emplea, lo hace bajo una modalidad que rechaza la noción optimizadora del test.

  8. EL PRINCIPIO DE PROPORCIONALIDAD EN LA JURISPRUDENCIA DEL TRIBUNAL CONSTITUCIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rainer Arnold

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente texto se refiere al origen, desarrollo y significado del principio de proporcionalidad, de acuerdo a la evolución del mismo en la jurisprudencia, tanto a nivel de derecho comparado como en nuestro sistema jurídico. El principio de proporcionalidad encuentra su origen en Alemania, siendo desarrollado por la jurisprudencia constitucional de ese país, para luego expandir su aplicación en el ámbito europeo, al sistema americano de derechos humanos y a los diversos países de Latinoamérica. De esta forma, el trabajo examina el surgimiento y desarrollo en Europa del principio de proporcionalidad, y la aplicación del mismo que ha realizado la jurisprudencia del Tribunal Constitucional, de acuerdo a una exposición de las sentencias que se consideran más representativas al respecto.

  9. EL PRINCIPIO DE RAZONABILIDAD EN LA JURISPRUDENCIA DEL TRIBUNAL CONSTITUCIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ignacio Martínez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Si bien el Derecho nos ofrece siempre varias soluciones posibles aplicables a un caso o situación, la determinación de cuál de ellas es la más adecuada es lo mismo que preguntarse cuál de todas ellas es la más razonable. En este trabajo se analizará el origen del principio de razonabilidad y la forma en que ha sido desarrollado en Estados Unidos. Asimismo, se señalará la forma en que este principio ha sido recogido en nuestra Constitución, y cómo ha sido aplicado por la jurisprudencia de nuestro Tribunal Constitucional, para finalmente extraer un listado de criterios de razonabilidad emanados de dicha jurisprudencia.

  10. ¿Emplea el Tribunal Constitucional el test de proporcionalidad?*1 (128 sentencias del Tribunal Constitucional en la perspectiva de la jurisprudencia constitucional alemana, de la Cámara de los Lores y del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos)

    OpenAIRE

    Ignacio Covarrubias Cuevas

    2014-01-01

    El presente texto examina de qué manera el Tribunal Constitucional chileno se ha re- ferido al test de proporcionalidad desde que por primera vez lo invocara el año 2006. En dicha labor el artículo pretende contribuir a dilucidar la incidencia con que ha operado el aludido estándar desde entonces y, asimismo, clarificar la noción del test de proporcionalidad que suele emplear el Tribunal en la perspectiva de algunas versiones comparadas que se exponen acerca del mismo estándar de adju- dicaci...

  11. La reforma de la Ley Orgánica del Tribunal Constitucional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Aragón

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available i. Objetivo y estructura del presente trabajo. ii. La pertinencia de la reforma. iii. El estatus del Tribunal Constitucional. iv. El recurso de amparo. v. Los asuntos de Pleno. vi. El funcionamiento interno del Tribunal. Reglas comunes de procedimiento y régimen del personal. vii. Consideraciones generales: el significado de la reforma. A. El alcance de la reforma. 1. Una reforma intensa de la lotc. 2. Lo que la reforma no incluye. B. La importancia de la reforma. 1. Transformación radical del recurso de amparo. 2. Cambios en el sistema de justicia constitucional. 3. Una precisión necesaria: el nuevo amparo-control no significa que el Tribunal Constitucional pierda por completo su dimensión de tribunal de tutela de los derechos fundamentales, sino que se transforma el significado de dicha función. 4. Eficacia de la reforma

  12. La reforma de la Ley Orgánica del Tribunal Constitucional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Aragón

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available i. Objetivo y estructura del presente trabajo. ii. La pertinencia de la reforma. iii. El estatus del Tribunal Constitucional. iv. El recurso de amparo. v. Los asuntos de Pleno. vi. El funcionamiento interno del Tribunal. Reglas comunes de procedimiento y régimen del personal. vii. Consideraciones generales: el significado de la reforma. A. El alcance de la reforma. 1. Una reforma intensa de la lotc. 2. Lo que la reforma no incluye. B. La importancia de la reforma. 1. Transformación radical del recurso de amparo. 2. Cambios en el sistema de justicia constitucional. 3. Una precisión necesaria: el nuevo amparo-control no significa que el Tribunal Constitucional pierda por completo su dimensión de tribunal de tutela de los derechos fundamentales, sino que se transforma el significado de dicha función. 4. Eficacia de la reforma

  13. No longer in suspense: Clarifying the Human Rights Jurisdiction of the SADC Tribunal

    OpenAIRE

    Moses R Phooko

    2015-01-01

    The Southern African Development Community Tribunal's (SADC Tribunal) decision in the matter of Mike Campbell (Pvt) Ltd v Republic of Zimbabwe 2008 SADCT 2 (28 November 2008) demonstrated its ability to utilise the principles contained in the Treaty of the Southern African Development Community when it ruled that it had the power and competency to adjudicate over a human rights case. The aforesaid decision was hailed by many scholars as a progressive judgment in the SADC region that would pro...

  14. LA SENTENCIA DEL TRIBUNAL CONSTITUCIONAL EN CHILE: ANALISIS Y REFLEXIONES JURIDICAS

    OpenAIRE

    Humberto Nogueira Alcalá

    2010-01-01

    Este artículo analiza desde una perspectiva procesal constitucional la sentencia del Tribunal Constitucional chileno dictada en control abstracto y reparador de normas jurídicas vigentes a la luz del artículo 94 de la Constitución y de la LOC del Tribunal Constitucional modifcada en 2009. Dicho análisis se acompaña de algunas consideraciones comparativas respecto de otras legislaciones sobre la materia principalmente de América latina.

  15. Civil Drafting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schertz, Karen; Kellum, Mary, Ed.

    This curriculum guide contains a course in civil drafting to train entry-level workers for jobs in the field. The module contains 12 instructional units that cover the following topics: (1) introduction to civil drafting; (2) map scales and measurement; (3) standard symbols and abbreviations; (4) interpretation of surveyor's notations; (5) legal…

  16. The Elusive Search for Accountability: Evaluating Adjudicative Tribunals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorne Sossin

    2010-10-01

    Quoique les gouvernements demandent de plus en plus à de tels tribunaux de rendre compte, trop souvent, ceci se réduit à la publication de statistiques sur le nombre de cas traités, leurs dispositions, les budgets et le personnel. Une question différente et plus fondamentale nous intéresse – ces tribunaux réussissent-ils? Comment savons-nous, par exemple, si les recours ordonnés par un tribunal font en fait avancer les objectifs pour lesquels il a été créé? Le succès d’un tribunal qui tranche des litiges peut-il faire l’objet de validation empirique signifiante? Quoique les questions d’évaluation et du devoir de rendre compte traversent des frontières entre nations et champs de compétence, les auteurs soutiennent que ce genre de question ne peut être traité qu’empiriquement, en examinant en fait les pratiques d’un conseil ou de conseils particuliers, dans le contexte d’une loi ou de lois particulières et dans des sphères de compétence particulières à des moments particuliers. De tels comptes rendus peuvent et devraient constituer la base d’étude comparative. Seule l’étude comparative peut faire ressortir la valeur et les limites d’une méthodologie particulière. L’étude de cas choisie pour la présente étude est le rôle de tribunaux qui tranchent des litiges dans le système de santé. Les auteurs puisent surtout dans l’expérience de tribunaux canadiens, quoique des exemples tirés d’autres territoires de compétence soient utilisés pour démontrer le potentiel de l’évaluation empirique. Les auteurs discutent de la pénurie relative d’étude empirique dans le domaine du droit administratif et soutiennent que là devrait être le point central de la discussion du devoir de rendre compte dans le domaine de la justice administrative.

  17. Civil society sphericules

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tufte, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    the organization strategizes about and seeks to articulate amongst Tanzanian youth. Situated in the ‘perverse confluence’ (Dagnino, 2011) between neoliberal and radical democratic agendas in the communicative practices of civil society-driven media platforms, Femina navigates between identities as an NGO, a social...... movement and a media initiative. In the context of the growing literature on social networking sites and their affordances, dynamics and structures, the case of Femina illustrates how a civil society sphericule emerges within the dynamic co-evolution of new and old media platforms. The study is furthermore...... an example of the difficult shift in civil society practice, from service provision to an agenda of public service monitoring, social accountability and community engagement....

  18. Arbitration as Mean of Solving Litigations between Professional Traders – Novelties Inserted in the New Civil Procedure Code

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elise-Nicoleta VALCU

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Based on the “New York” Convention of 1958 [1] arbitration has become a true and efficient alternative of the common law jurisdiction.The regulation of arbitration in the new Civil Procedure Code [2] is found in the same Book (Book 4, divided into 7 Titles, instead of 11 Chapters. As a concept, the regulation of different specific arbitration institutions is similar to that provided for by the actual Book 4. The 7 Titles includes the general provisions on arbitration, arbitration agreements, arbitration tribunal, arbitral procedures and institutionalized arbitration (Art 533-612. Regardingarbitration procedure, it regulates the notification of the arbitration tribunal, arbitration trial, arbitration expenses and the decision of arbitration. Institutionalized arbitration is, for the first time settled by Art 607-612 of the Civil Procedure Code. Also, Title 4 of Book 7, named “International civil trial”, settles the international arbitration (Art 1096-1118.

  19. Civil Identity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Lars Axel

    In this paper I will go through a catalogue of examples of contexts in which the term civil identity is currently used, ranging from the formal and technical process of linking a set of administrative and other events to an individual biological person by means of identity cards, fingerprints, iris...... of Israel to Luce Irigaray's Feminist agenda of elaborating gender specific civil identities. My intention is to investigate whether these different employments of 'civil identity' point towards a common, and fairly well defined object field asking questions of contemporary relevance to the philosophy...

  20. Civilizing Processes

    OpenAIRE

    Dolan, Paddy

    2011-01-01

    The theory of “civilizing processes” was developed by Norbert Elias in the 1930s to describe and explain the generation of higher standards of various forms of conduct in the context of unplanned but structured changes in state formation and lengthening chains of social interdependencies (Elias 2000). The idea of civilized conduct may seem a strange companion to popular understandings of consumer culture, when the latter phrase is often associated with hedonism, individualism and excess. But ...

  1. 49 CFR 228.21 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil penalty. 228.21 Section 228.21..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HOURS OF SERVICE OF RAILROAD EMPLOYEES Records and Reporting § 228.21 Civil... requirement is subject to a civil penalty of at least $650 and not more than $25,000 per violation,...

  2. Tribunal constitucional y protección de los derechos humanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Rivera Santivañez

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo pasa revista al proceso de positivación y judicialización de los derechos humanos en Bolivia, las instituciones que protegen y garantizan los derechos y la función que le corresponde en la materia a los tribunales ordinarios y Tribunal Constitucional Boliviano. El texto desarrolla la doctrina del Tribunal Constitucional de integración al bloque constitucional de derechos de aquellos contenidos en los tratados internacionales de Derechos Humanos y la aplicación de los principios de interpretación que potencializan el ejercicio de tales derechos. Finalmente, se analiza como el Tribunal Constitucional en su jurisprudencia ha asumido la doctrina del seguimiento de la jurisprudencia de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos

  3. Lean Management of Civil Aviation Ground Service%精益的民航地面服务管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨青; 陈雪; 闫植林

    2011-01-01

    本文将精益管理的原则和方法应用于民航地面服务过程,首先对航空旅客价值进行了识别,指出迅捷和缩短旅客的等待时间是旅客重要的价值体现.然后,分析了民航地面服务过程中的各种浪费,以旅客登机手续办理和安检流程为对象,分析了流程中的非增值活动,指出了消除浪费的基本途径.最后,进一步构建了精益的民航服务体系框架,该体系为民航企业的精益改善提供了指南.%This paper applies the concept and methodology of lean consumption into the ground service of civil aviation. First,passenger's values are identified. The paper indicates that shortening the waiting time is one of the most important aspects of passenger's value. Then, all kinds of wastes during passenger's boarding process are analyzed. Using the passenger's checking-in and security check as an example, all non-value added activities and the approach of eliminating these wastes are analyzed. Finally, the framework of Lean Airline Service System (LASS) is built, which provides guideline for the lean improvement of civil aviation enterprise.

  4. No longer in suspense: Clarifying the Human Rights Jurisdiction of the SADC Tribunal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moses R Phooko

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Southern African Development Community Tribunal's (SADC Tribunal decision in the matter of Mike Campbell (Pvt Ltd v Republic of Zimbabwe 2008 SADCT 2 (28 November 2008 demonstrated its ability to utilise the principles contained in the Treaty of the Southern African Development Community when it ruled that it had the power and competency to adjudicate over a human rights case. The aforesaid decision was hailed by many scholars as a progressive judgment in the SADC region that would promote the rule of law and ensure that member states respected their treaty obligations in their own territories. Unfortunately, the same judgment resulted in the suspension of the SADC Tribunal in 2010 because it had purportedly acted beyond its mandate when it adjudicated over a case concerning a human rights dispute. This article investigates whether the SADC Tribunal had jurisdiction to deal with cases involving allegations of human rights violations. In addressing this question, this article will discuss the powers (implied and tacit of international organisations as understood within international law. In addition, the study will ascertain how the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia have dealt with cases that involved disputes concerning a tribunal or an international organisation that was said to have acted beyond its mandate. The study will also make reference to the East African Court of Justice and the Economic Community of West African States Court of Justice as they have also dealt with implied powers when they were confronted with cases concerning human rights abuses. Certain decisions of the SADC Summit of Heads of States or Government (Summit and the Council of Ministers whose roles include the control of functions and/or overseeing the functioning of the SADC will also be referred to in this study.

  5. La desaplicación de normas estatutarias por parte del Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Orozco Solano

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudio sobre el mecanismo de la desaplicación de normas estatuarias por inconstitucionalidad utilizado por el Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones y su posible intromisión en la esfera de competencia de la Sala Constitucional. Expone la naturaleza del recurso de amparo, el control de constitucionalidad y la aplicación del instrumento procesal en materia electoral con el objetivo de determinar la procedencia o no de dicha atribución en manos del Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones.

  6. The Role of International Criminal Tribunals in Shaping the Historical Accounts of Genocide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aksenova, Marina

    2016-01-01

    sanctioned by the state or flowing from state policy. This tribunal was the first international court tasked with trying individuals responsible for crimes committed on a large scale by the oppressive regime. Despite some dissenting voices, the Nuremberg trial was neither a show trial, nor was it a purely......, retribution, transitional justice, reconciliation, and, finally, setting the historical record. Some of these goals are conflicting. The chapter critically assesses the latter objective and situates it among other considerations. The crime of genocide, first prosecuted internationally by the ad hoc tribunals...

  7. LA SENTENCIA DEL TRIBUNAL CONSTITUCIONAL EN CHILE: ANALISIS Y REFLEXIONES JURIDICAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humberto Nogueira Alcalá

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza desde una perspectiva procesal constitucional la sentencia del Tribunal Constitucional chileno dictada en control abstracto y reparador de normas jurídicas vigentes a la luz del artículo 94 de la Constitución y de la LOC del Tribunal Constitucional modifcada en 2009. Dicho análisis se acompaña de algunas consideraciones comparativas respecto de otras legislaciones sobre la materia principalmente de América latina.

  8. RECRUITMENT AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF CIVIL SERVANTS

    OpenAIRE

    Roxana Cristina RADU; Eliza Adela VOICU

    2014-01-01

    An ever increasing feature of public office is the way in which the recruitment and training of civil servants are controlled by legislation. Civil servants are a basic component of public administration but they are also important for labor law because civil service relations have the characteristics of an employment relationship and also specific features resulting from the rules of public law. The relevant expression of the interferences between public and private law for civil servants is...

  9. Civil Disobedience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martz, Carlton

    2000-01-01

    This theme issue looks at three historical and recent instances of civil disobedience. The first article examines the Free Speech Movement, which arose on the Berkeley campus of the University of California in the 1960s. The second article recounts the struggle of Mahatma Gandhi to free India from the British Empire. The final article explores the…

  10. 76 FR 19792 - Notice of Intent To Award-Grant Awards for the Provision of Civil Legal Services to Eligible...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-08

    ... Haley, Office of Program Performance, at (202) 295-1545, or haleyr@lsc.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Pursuant to LSC's announcement of funding availability on January 11, 2011 (76 FR 7), LSC intends to award... of intention to make FY 2011 Competitive Grant Awards. SUMMARY: The Legal Services Corporation...

  11. Addressing Human Rights in the Court of Justice of the Andean Community and the Tribunal of the Southern African Development Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen Kingah

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The article compares how the regional tribunals of the Andean Community (CAN and the Southern African Development Community (SADC have dealt with human rights issues in order to explore options for South-South judicial cooperation through adjudicative cross-fertilization, while taking into account specificities that characterize both regions. In doing so, focus is placed on four elements: a the scope of human rights covered by each of the regional tribunals; b the locus standi of individuals before the tribunals; c the added value of the regional tribunals; and d the restrictive role of politics in the functioning of the tribunals.

  12. Genevieve Forbes Herrick: A "Chicago Tribune" Reporter Covers Women in Politics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steiner, Linda; Gray, Susanne

    Genevieve Forbes Herrick was one of the foremost women reporters of the "Chicago Tribune" during the 1920s and 1930s. Noted for her particular and consistent attention to women in national politics, her earliest political articles appeared in 1922, when she covered the Cook County primaries with an eye toward women contenders running against the…

  13. Agent Run Amuck: The SADC Tribunal and Governance Transfer Roll-back

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hulse, M.E.; Vleuten, J.M. van der

    2015-01-01

    The Southern African Development Community (SADC), an intergovernmental regional organization, in 2005 established a regional tribunal with supranational features, only to suspend it some years later after it produced an undesirable ruling. This represents a unique and puzzling case of governance tr

  14. 47 CFR 90.411 - Civil defense communications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil defense communications. 90.411 Section 90... PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Operating Requirements § 90.411 Civil defense communications. The... necessary for the implementation of civil defense activities assigned such station by local civil...

  15. 42 CFR 493.1846 - Civil action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil action. 493.1846 Section 493.1846 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement Procedures § 493.1846 Civil action. If...

  16. 42 CFR 59.209 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... issued by the Secretary of Health and Human Services with the approval of the President (45 CFR part 80). ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil rights. 59.209 Section 59.209 Public Health... Grants for Family Planning Service Training § 59.209 Civil rights. Attention is called to...

  17. Mujeres procesadas por el Tribunal del Santo Oficio de Granada

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez de Colosía Rodríguez, María Isabel

    2005-01-01

    Actualmente, la Historiografía se ha visto enriquecida gracias a los estudios realizados acerca de las mujeres. Muchos son los aspectos que pueden tratarse al respecto, dada la abundancia de fuentes. En la documentación inquisitorial encontramos un rico filón relativo al tema, que presenta dos aspectos bien diferenciados. Por un lado tenemos a las familiares del personal civil del Santo Oficio, que gozaban de una serie de privilegios. Por otro están aquellas que sufrieron las p...

  18. Mens rea - Mistake of law & mistake of fact in German criminal law: A survey for international criminal tribunals

    OpenAIRE

    Badar, ME

    2005-01-01

    More than a decade has passed since the establishment of the two ad hoc Tribunals, however, the jurisprudence of both Tribunals evidence the inconsistency regarding the requisite mens rea standards for serious violations of international humanitarian law. Hence, a survey of the attitude taken towards the definition of the major facets of mens rea by the world major legal systems is of great significance with regard to the establishment of a unified concept for mens rea in international crimi...

  19. Performance and institucional identity: the Electoral Tribunal in the 2000 electoral alternance Desempeño e identidad institucional: el tribunal electoral en la alternancia del 2000

    OpenAIRE

    Héctor DÍAZ-SANTANA; David H. CORROCHANO

    2010-01-01

    In this article we want to analyse the work made by the "Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF)" and its relation, in its grade and identity, within the presidential elections on the July 2sd, 2000. Our hypothesis is that TEPJF had started an institutional blackmail, which put several doubts on the process, and could limit the democratic advances built until today but also generate a post electoral conflict with political instability consequences in the country.Analiza...

  20. Is the U.S. Public Service Academy a Good Idea? Two Views: The Case for a U.S Public Service Academy. How Not to Fix the Civil Service. Working Paper 2008-01

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asch, Chris Myers; Levy, Philip I.

    2008-01-01

    The idea of creating a national university is not new. More than two centuries ago, George Washington, James Madison and Thomas Jefferson advocated for a national university. Today--energized by concerns about the performance of civil servants and the need to recruit a new generation of talent into key federal, state, and municipal positions--a…

  1. Conscientious objection and healthcare in the UK: why tribunals are not the answer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowley, Christopher

    2016-02-01

    A recent issue of the journal Bioethics discussed whether conscientious objectors within the healthcare context should be required to give their reasons to a specially convened tribunal, who would have the power to reject the objection. This is modeled on the context of military conscription. Advocates for such a tribunal offer two different justifications, one based on determining the genuineness of the applicant's beliefs, the other based on determining their reasonableness. I limit my discussion to a doctor's objection to abortion in the UK, and argue against both justifications: I thereby defend the status quo, where such doctors are not formally required to defend their beliefs. My argument has to do with the particular nature of the abortion debate in the UK, and the more general nature of ethical disagreement. PMID:25887516

  2. Should Bad Civil Servants Be Chosen by Voting?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    In order to promote good service from civil servants, Anqiu City in Shandong Province recently issued the Appraisal Methods for Best-and Worst-Performing Civil Servants. Based on the regulation, the city government

  3. Desempeño e identidad institucional: el tribunal electoral en la alternancia del 2000

    OpenAIRE

    David H. CORROCHANO; Héctor DÍAZ-SANTANA

    2001-01-01

    In this article we want to analyse the work made by the "Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF)" and its relation, in its grade and identity, within the presidential elections on the July 2sd, 2000. Our hypothesis is that TEPJF had started an institutional blackmail, which put several doubts on the process, and could limit the democratic advances built until today but also generate a post electoral conflict with political instability consequences in the country.

  4. The national green tribunal of india: a sustainable future through the principles of international environmental law

    OpenAIRE

    Gill, Gita

    2014-01-01

    Access to environmental justice is the first step to the achievement of environmental justice goals by articulating in the language of equity the assurance of legal standing for all affected and interested parties; right of appeal or review; specialized environmental courts and other practical dispute resolution mechanisms. In this context, India’s commitment to the newly formed National Green Tribunal [NGT] assumes significant practical importance. In seeking a balanced judicial forum tha...

  5. Transplanting the European Court of Justice: The Experience of the Andean Tribunal of Justice

    OpenAIRE

    Osvaldo Saldías; Laurence R. Helfer; Alter, Karen J.

    2011-01-01

    Although there is an extensive literature on domestic legal transplants, far less is known about the transplantation of supranational judicial bodies. The Andean Tribunal of Justice (ATJ) is one of eleven copies of the European Court of Justice (ECJ), and the third most active international court. This article considers the origins and evolution of the ATJ as a transplanted judicial institution. It first reviews the literatures on legal transplants, neofunctionalist theory, and the spread of ...

  6. The European Nuclear Energy Tribunal; Das Europaeische Kernenergie-Gericht. Was ist denn das?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feldmann, Ulrike

    2016-07-15

    The European Nuclear Energy Tribunal (ENET) already exists since 1 January 1960 under the auspices of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). The European Nuclear Energy Court was established with the Protocol of Security Control in the Field of Nuclear Energy of 20 December 1957. Also the Nuclear Energy Agency (Nuclear Energy Agency NEA) within the OECD was established with this protocol. The seat of the court is at the OECD headquarters in Paris.

  7. Moral y control social: el tribunal de la Inquisición de Sevilla (1560-1700

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boeglin, Michel

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The survey of the activity of Inquisition Tribunal of Sevilla from 1560 to 1700 reveals the manner in which the institution promoted the values of the counter-reform in western Andalusia. If the Holy Office had been at the service of the crown's diplomatic policy and combated sociocultural minorities, most of the persons it prosecuted were Spanish «cristianos viejos». The court acted as an instrument of disciplining the social body within the context of confessionnal policy of the Spanish kings. To prevent the extension of reformist practices against which a decisive offensive had been carried out between 1557 and 1563 with repression of the communities of Seville and Valladolid, the court led a series of campains against minor heresies or ethical or moral deviancies. In spite of the diversity of the prosecuted offences, these offensives coincided in one respect: they aimed at convincing the faithful that salvation henceforth depended on the knowledge of the articles of faith and attachment to the values as redefined at the council of Trent. The sociological study of the accused persons and of the court activity over 150 years reveals the aim of shaping behaviour and of laying out the contours of popular piety and morals. It also shows the limits of the repressive action among the classes affected by repression as well as within the territories controled by the court.

    El estudio de la actividad procesal del tribunal de la Inquisición de Sevilla entre 1560 y 1700 revela la movilización de la corte inquisitorial para difundir y asentar los valores de la contrarreforma en Andalucía occidental. Si el Santo Oficio se puso al servicio de la política diplomática de la corona luchando contra las diversas minorías socioculturales, la población cristiana vieja constituyó la mayor parte de los condenados hasta mediados del siglo XVII, revelándose la corte como un instrumento idóneo para disciplinar el cuerpo social en el marco de la pol

  8. Desempeño e identidad institucional: el tribunal electoral en la alternancia del 2000 Performance and institucional identity: the Electoral Tribunal in the 2000 electoral alternance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor DÍAZ-SANTANA

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Analizamos el desempeño del Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF relacionándolo con su grado y tipo de identidad en la coyuntura de las elecciones presidenciales del 2 de julio del 2000. Para ello partimos de la premisa que las instituciones no sólo deben tener un buen desempeño, sino que éste debe ser trasmitido ante la ciudadanía. Nuestra hipótesis es que el TEPJF tuvo un buen desempeño pero carecía de identidad lo que facilitó la puesta en marcha de un "chantaje" institucional que marcó la incertidumbre del proceso, pudo limitar los avances democratizadores construidos hasta la fecha, y generar un conflicto postelectoral con consecuencias para la estabilidad política del país.In this article we want to analyse the work made by the "Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF" and its relation, in its grade and identity, within the presidential elections on the July 2sd, 2000. Our hypothesis is that TEPJF had started an institutional blackmail, which put several doubts on the process, and could limit the democratic advances built until today but also generate a post electoral conflict with political instability consequences in the country.

  9. THEORETICAL-METHODOLOGICAL SUBSTANTIATION OF THE PROCESS OF FORMATION OF CIVIL POSITION OF CADETS OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF RUSSIAN FEDERAL PENITENTIARY SERVICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Yu. KUZHEKOV

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the moral and legal education of cadets of educational institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia as the main tool for shaping their sustainable citizenship. The author touches upon the historical aspects of the problem, it is concluded that the traditional means of education suppressed personality, being based on the authoritarian nature of the pedagogical relationship. It is stated  that the timely realization of studying the essence of the unity of the content of morality and law, what is happening on the emotional and rational levels, contributes to the disparate mix of individual knowledge and understanding of the complex moral and legal convictions. The author notes that the effectiveness of the process of formation of civil position effectively revealed through strategic (compliance with the rules of interaction of teachers, students, parents on the humanization of life educational organization, ensuring their joint moral and legal activities, the practical organization of students of life and especially tactical objectives (performance cadets duties at the university and outside it, the protection of their rights and freedoms, the practical organization of joint activities in the dyad "teacher-student", their interaction analysis in the organization of events on legal education, compliance with the established rules and standards in the development of university traditions, ways to overcome the stereotype of no confidence moral and legal education of cadets. The author concludes that the presented theoretical and methodological structure of the study will provide the necessary empirical basis of research and will be a guarantee of its effectiveness and usefulness. 

  10. 7 CFR 1735.15 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 1735.15 Section 1735.15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... Policies § 1735.15 Civil rights. Borrowers are required to comply with certain regulations...

  11. History and Civility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, Larry

    2015-01-01

    Larry Schaefer's history of civility is a succinct summary of the implicit and evolving definitions of civility over 2500 years of civilization. Beginning with the Romans and the root word "civitas," meaning the rights and duties of citizenship, civility appears in classical literature as integral to the roots of democracy in the context…

  12. Civil Remedies Division Administrative Law Judge Decisions

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Decisions issued by Administrative Law Judges of the Departmental Appeals Board's Civil Remedies Division concerning fraud and abuse determinations by the Office of...

  13. Desempeño e identidad institucional: el tribunal electoral en la alternancia del 2000 Performance and institucional identity: the Electoral Tribunal in the 2000 electoral alternance

    OpenAIRE

    Héctor DÍAZ-SANTANA; David H. CORROCHANO

    2010-01-01

    Analizamos el desempeño del Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF) relacionándolo con su grado y tipo de identidad en la coyuntura de las elecciones presidenciales del 2 de julio del 2000. Para ello partimos de la premisa que las instituciones no sólo deben tener un buen desempeño, sino que éste debe ser trasmitido ante la ciudadanía. Nuestra hipótesis es que el TEPJF tuvo un buen desempeño pero carecía de identidad lo que facilitó la puesta en marcha de un "chantaje" ...

  14. 42 CFR 438.704 - Amounts of civil money penalties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Amounts of civil money penalties. 438.704 Section... SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS MANAGED CARE Sanctions § 438.704 Amounts of civil money penalties. (a) General rule. The limit on, or the maximum civil money penalty the State may impose...

  15. O direito internacional penal como instrumento de resistência nos tribunais do povo: o Tribunal Internacional para a Aplicação da Justiça Restaurativa em El Salvador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanna M. Frisso

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Em 2009, o Tribunal Internacional para a Aplicação da Justiça Restaurativa em El Salvador foi criado pela sociedade civil como uma resposta ao contexto de inercia estatal e de negativa reiterada por parte dos poderes públicos a cumprirem com sua responsabilidade em matéria de direito internacional humanitário e direitos humanos, sobretudo no que diz respeito ao acesso das inúmeras vítimas do conflito armado à justiça. Trata-se de um espaço em que inúmeras histórias de sofrimento, abuso e violência ocorridas durante o conflito, até então silenciadas, começam a vir à tona e passam a ser abordadas a partir da linguagem jurídica. Este artigo defende que o recurso à linguagem jurídica, em especial ao direito internacional penal, e a centralidade conferida às vítimas permite a caracterização do Tribunal como um instrumento de justiça de transição e de fortalecimento do regime democrático, apesar de seu caráter não oficial (não estatal. Para tanto, o artigo recorre à literatura sobre os tribunais do povo e à noção de resistência civil não violenta.

  16. La conservación de los fondos del Archivo del Tribunal Militar Territorial Segundo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquín Gil Honduvilla

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo describe el proceso por el que los fondos del archivo del Tribunal Militar Territorial Segundo fueron objeto de un convenio colaboración entre el Ministerio de Defensa, la Consejería de la Presidencia de la Junta de Andalucía y la Fundación Centro de Estudios Andaluces para su informatización y conservación. Se muestra la importancia del archivo, así como su organización y la legislación por la que se rige. El interés de la administración autonómica por colaborar en la ordenación de esta documentación no puede disociarse tampoco del proceso de recuperación de memoria histórica que existe actualmente en nuestra sociedad._____________________ABSTRACT:This work describes the process which led to the fact that the funds of the archive of the Tribunal Militar Territorial Segundo (The Second Territorial Military Tribunal became the object of a collaboration agreement between the Ministry of Defence, the Consejería de la Presidencia (Regional Ministry of Presidency of Junta de Andalucía and the Fundación Centro de Estudios Andaluces (Centre of Andalusian Studies Foundation concerning its computerisation and maintenance. The paper shows the importance of the archive, as well as its organisation and the laws it is subject to. The interest of the autonomous public administration in collaborating in the organisation of that documentation cannot be separated from the process of recuperation of the historical memory which is present in our society today.  

  17. La descongestión en la jurisdicción contencioso administrativa. Una visión desde el tribunal Administrativo de Cundinamarca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Augusto Torres-Calderón

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available La jurisdicción de lo contencioso administrativo está muy congestionada. Para solucionar esta situación, son necesarias varias medidas: La disminución de los términos de caducidad de las acciones contenciosas ordinarias; la disminución del  periodo  probatorio  y  de las pruebas practicadas dentro del mismo; el aumento de los gastos del proceso que debe sufragar el demandante para que se le tramite el proceso, y la imposición de costas para la parte vencida en el pleito; la transferencia de asuntos que actualmente están asigna­ dos a la jurisdicción contenciosa,  a la  jurisdicción  ordinaria  civil; la eliminación de acciones constitucionales mal diseñadas por el legislador, que no han tenido una eficacia real; la redistribución de competencias en las secciones del Tribunal Administrativo de Cundinamarca, para disminuir la carga laboral de las Secciones congestionadas; extensión de la perención en contra de las entidades públicas demandantes, cuando éstas no cumplen con sus car­ gas procesales; eliminación de la aprobación de las conciliaciones prejudiciales por parte de los tribunales administrativos, para que estas sean  aprobadas  en  sede administrativa.

  18. Estudio bibliométrico de la Revista de Derecho Electoral del Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Mayela Mena Hidalgo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo realiza un estudio bibliométrico de la Revista de Derecho Electoral publicada por el Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones en formato digital. El objetivo es medir la gestión del conocimiento en los temas de democracia y elecciones. El estudio comprende los años de 2006 a 2011, y los indicadores analizados son: el índice de productividad, índice de cooperación, índice de referencias por artículo y el índice Price

  19. Identidad institucional. El Tribunal Electoral ante las elecciones presidenciales de 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David H. Corrochano

    2001-01-01

    En este artículo analizamos la identidad del Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF en la coyuntura electoral del 2000, porque sirve como ejemplo de una institución sin identidad, que oscila entre evocaciones positivas y negativas, que se vio en una situación crítica (lo que podemos llamar un "escándalo institucional". La dificultad de la sociedad para diferenciar a esta institución de otras puso en peligro la estabilidad del sistema polÌtico mexicano y la confianza en el proceso de cambio democratizador.

  20. Honorable Tribunal de Cuentas de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Experiencia y actualidad

    OpenAIRE

    Andrieu, Mónica Graciela

    2010-01-01

    El Tribunal de Cuentas una historia en pos de la transparencia institucional pública. Desde la historia al presente. Aciertos ideologías, errores, esperanzas. La Provincia de Buenos Aires en el año 1994 en la última reforma insistió en un modelo del control patrimonial y de responsables, que va acorde con los lineamientos internacionales contra la corrupción y a favor de la transparencia en los actos públicos. La Nación Argentina en su sistema de control patrimonial, olvidó la historia....

  1. El régimen jurídico del Tribunal Arbitral del Deporte

    OpenAIRE

    Javaloyes Sanchis, Vicente

    2014-01-01

    L'increment de litigis internacionals relacionats amb l'esport ha estat una de las principals preocupacions de las entitats esportives. L'any 1981, el President del Comitè Olímpic Internacional va tenir la idea de crear una jurisdicció especial per l'esport, naixia, així, el Tribunal Arbitral de l'Esport. En aquesta investigació es planteja l'objectiu de conèixer si realment l'arbitratge representa el millor mitjà per resoldre els conflictes esportius internacionals. Per això, és imprescindi...

  2. On Sustainable Development and Volunteer Services to Promote Socialist Spiritual civilization%论志愿服务可持续发展与推进社会主义精神文明建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨文英

    2011-01-01

    Volunteerism is an important modern symbol of social civilization and progress,Is to promote the building of socialist spiritual civilization,an important carrier and an effective way to.To the socialist core value system as a guide,Consolidate and develop China's current good momentum of volunteering,Solve problems,Build sustainable volunteer service,Healthy development of the operating mechanism and mode of,Is to promote the building of socialist spiritual civilization,both good and fast development of the key.%志愿服务是现代社会文明进步的重要标志,是促进社会主义精神文明建设的重要载体和有效途径。以社会主义核心价值体系为统领,巩固和发展我国当前志愿服务的良好态势,解决存在的问题,构建志愿服务可持续、健康发展的运行机制和模式,是推进社会主义精神文明建设既好且快地发展的关键。

  3. El Derecho a la Tutela Judicial y al Debido Proceso en la Jurisprudencia del Tribunal Constitucional Chileno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalo García Pino

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El texto propone un esquema conceptual que sistematiza la jurisprudencia del Tribunal Constitucional chileno en materia del derecho a la tutela judicial y al debido proceso. Tomando en consideración la doctrina reciente, el texto elabora categorías dogmáticas para diferenciar las potestades y componentes del derecho a la tutela judicial del debido proceso. Los autores concluyen que ambos derechos son de creciente desarrollo conceptual por la jurisprudencia constitucional chilena y que su sistematización dotaría de mayor certeza jurídica a las decisiones del Tribunal Constitucional.

  4. Civil Society, Health, and Social Exclusion in Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    Schurmann, Anna T; Mahmud, Simeen

    2009-01-01

    Civil society has the potential to have a positive impact on social exclusion and health equity through active monitoring and increased accountability. This paper examines the role of civil society in Bangladesh to understand why this potential has not been realized. Looking at two models of civil society action—participation in decentralized public-sector service provision and academic think-tank data analysis—this analysis examines the barriers to positive civil society input into public po...

  5. Tribunal Supremo de justicia, Tokio –Japón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okada, Shinichi

    1976-05-01

    Full Text Available The building consists of a main body, made up by three parallel blocks and two L-shaped blocks which are connected to these by corridors and thus forming great patios. The space is distributed over four storeys which, depending on their function, have different heights. Below the main body there is a basement with the installation machinery. Two other basements, situated below one of the patios between the L blocks, will provide sufficient parking space for the future needs. This construction comprises: main court room; secondary court rooms; waiting rooms and premises for the Information services; library; reading rooms; offices for the judges, lawyers and attorneys; offices for the jury; secretariat plus a great number of additional premises. The construction was made with a combination of reinforced steel and iron. Both the inside as well as the outside is covered by white granite, which emphasizes the great volume of the building. With its original and vivid design, within the sober elegance required by its function the complex is a clear exponent of the new tendencies of the present Japanese architecture.La edificación consta de un cuerpo principal, formado por tres bloques paralelos adosados, y dos bloques en L, unidos a los anteriores mediante pasillos, creando grandes patios. Está organizada en cuatro plantas de distintas alturas, según su función, más un sótano bajo el cuerpo principal que aloja la maquinaria de las instalaciones. Otros dos sótanos, situados bajo la plaza peatonal conformada entre los bloques en L, proveen de aparcamiento suficiente para las necesidades previstas. Esta edificación comprende: una sala principal de justicia; tribunales secundarlos; salas de espera y gabinetes para los servicios informativos; biblioteca; salas de lectura; despachos para jueces, abogados y procuradores; oficinas del juzgado; diversas salas de reunión; administración; secretaría, y toda una larga serie de locales

  6. La discriminación racial en la jurisprudencia del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Rey Martínez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available I. Introducción: ¿Qué significa la prohibición de discriminación según el Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos?II. Escenarios de conflicto de la discriminación racial examinados en la jurisprudencia1. Agresiones racistas por agentes de la autoridad2. Agresiones racistas vecinales y deficiente tutela judicial posterior3. Expulsión de caravanas4. Segregación escolar5. Discriminación en frontera6. Discriminación racial e imparcialidad judicial en juicio por jurados7. Discurso racista y libertad de información8. Matrimonio gitano y derecho a la pensión de viudedad9. Origen étnico como causa de inelegibilidad electoral10. Esterilización sin consentimiento informadoIII. Conclusión. El Tribunal de Estrasburgo empieza a tomar en serio la prohibición de discriminación racialApéndice.Casos del TEDH citados

  7. Civil Law Glossary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Update on Law-Related Education, 1997

    1997-01-01

    Presents a glossary of civil law terms originally compiled for journalists by the American Bar Association. Defines many essential civil law concepts and practices including compensatory damages, jurisdiction, motion to dismiss, discovery, and remedy. (MJP)

  8. Det civile samfund

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Lars Skov

    2014-01-01

    Kapitlet giver en oversigt over de vigtigste teoretiske forståelser af begrebet om det civile samfund. Desuden giver kapitlet en empirisk oversigt over foreninger og organisationer i det danske civilsamfund samt befolkningens civile engagement.......Kapitlet giver en oversigt over de vigtigste teoretiske forståelser af begrebet om det civile samfund. Desuden giver kapitlet en empirisk oversigt over foreninger og organisationer i det danske civilsamfund samt befolkningens civile engagement....

  9. On Incorrect Names of Historical Data on Civil Service Examination in The Non-official Chronicles of the Ming Dynasty%《国榷》科举史料人名考误10则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘明鑫

    2014-01-01

    The non-official chronological history of the Ming Dynasty, namely, The Non-official Chron-icles of the Ming Dynasty, included so many materials in the history of Civil Service Examination. It spanned so long time and was rare in the world. Based on The Official Chronicles of the Ming Dynasty and Textual Research of Emperor Ming Scholars’ Admission Test, this paper discovers 10 incorrect names of historical data on Civil Service Examination in The Non-official Chronicles of the Ming Dynasty.%《国榷》是私修明史中影响颇大的一部编年体文献,所收科举史料时间跨度之大,数量之多,世所罕见。据《明实录》和《皇明进士登科考》等文献考证,发现该书所收科举史料存在人名错误10处。

  10. Una encrucijada judicial y una reforma legal por hacer: problemas jurídicos de la gestación por sustitución en España. A propósito del auto del Tribunal Supremo de 2 de febrero de 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANTONIA DURÁN AYAGO

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The Supreme Court has stated in its order of February 2, 2015 why it considers that its judgment of February 2014 which determines that it is not possible to access the Spanish Civil Registry the certificates of birth of two children, sons of Spaniards, born in the United States through surrogacy arrangements on the grounds that are contrary to Spanish international public order, it does not conflict with the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights in this area, mainly due to the different scope that the prohibition of surrogacy arrangements in France and Spain. El Tribunal Supremo ha precisado en su auto de 2 de febrero de 2015 por qué considera que su sentencia de febrero de 2014, en la que determina que no es posible que accedan al Registro Civil español las actas registrales de nacimiento de dos menores, hijos de españoles, nacidos en Estados Unidos mediante gestación por sustitución por contrariar el orden público internacional español, no se contrapone con la jurisprudencia del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos en esta materia, principalmente por el distinto alcance que tiene la prohibición de la gestación por sustitución en Francia y en España.

  11. EL VALOR ASIGNADO POR LA JURISPRUDENCIA DEL TRIBUNAL CONSTITUCIONAL A LA JURISPRUDENCIA DE LA CORTE INTERAMERICANA DE DERECHOS HUMANOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Galdámez Zelada

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza la invocación de la jurisprudencia de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos por parte del Tribunal Constitucional de Chile, una de las obligaciones promovidas por la Corte IDH a partir del llamado control de convencionalidad. En este trabajo se dará seguimiento a estos desarrollos y se adelantarán algunas conclusiones.

  12. Statements of Special Educational Needs and Tribunal Appeals in England and Wales 2003-2013--In Numbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsh, Alan J.

    2014-01-01

    The study presents a statistical analysis of statements of special educational needs and Special Educational Needs and Disability (SEND) tribunal appeal rates in England and Wales. It is set against the backcloth of the 2014 Children and Families Act which replaces statements with Education, Health and Care (EHC) plans. The numerical overview…

  13. 75 FR 17197 - Certification Related to the Khmer Rouge Tribunal Under Section 7071(c) of the Department of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-05

    ... Administration, the person in charge when allegations of administrative corruption at the court first surfaced...-governmental organizations (NGOs), the court appears corruption-free at this time. These administrative... address allegations of corruption and mismanagement within the Khmer Rouge Tribunal. This...

  14. Civil Society Organization’s Services Converted from Government Solicitation for Donation to Corporation Purchase:A Study on the Relationship among the Government, Corporation and Civil Social Organization%从政府劝募到企业购买社会组织服务--政府、企业和社会组织的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    麦磊

    2014-01-01

    企业购买社会工作服务是指企业依据相关章程,利用专项资金,采取市场化、契约化的方式,面向具有专业能力的社会组织购买社会工作服务的行为与规范的总和。与“政府劝募”相对比,“企业购买社会工作服务”具有市场化、契约化以及企业参与等显著特点。基于个案分析与问卷调查,论题提出了企业参与公共服务应从“政府劝募”走向“企业购买”,并指出政府、企业、社会组织应建立平等互惠的协作关系。%Corporation purchase of social work services refers to all the behavior and regulation that the corpora-tion,according to the relevant constitution,purchases the social work services from the specialized civil society organizations with the special fund in the way of marketization and contractualization. Compared with the“gov-ernment solicitation for corporation donation”,it shows the significant characteristics of“marketization”,“cont-ractulization”and“corporation participation”and so on. The study,on the base of the case study and question-naire survey,holds that the corporation participation into the public service should be converted from the“gov-ernment solicitation for donation”to“corporation purchase”while emphasizing the establishment of balanced re-ciprocity among the government,corporation and civil society organization.

  15. [The current jurisdiction of the Federal Administrative Court concerning the public service employer's obligation within the scope of the Public Support Fund for Civil Servants].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groepper, Michael

    2004-09-01

    Civil servants are entitled to a subsidy for their health insurance expenses provided the medical interventions are basically necessary and the amount of related expenses adequate. The definition of the borderline between accepted and unaccepted expenses for medical treatment is factually based on the criteria of evidence-based medicine. Accordingly, expenses are not refundable if incurred for treatments and medical products whose efficiency is doubtful or which generally lack scientific acceptance, though under narrowly defined conditions, even "outsider methods" might be approved of. Thus, the law governing these subsidies is more closely related to private insurance than to social security law.

  16. TOURISM TRIBUNE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄先开

    2012-01-01

    这是《旅游学刊》的一小步,却是中国旅游研究学术期刊迈向国际的一大步!当大家在新年之际拿到这一期《旅游学刊》时,也许会惊讶于刊物整体风格的变化.为实现“国际化提升战略”,最终进入SSCI,2012年的《旅游学刊》从封面、版式到内容都融入了更多国际化的元素.《旅游学刊》提出国际化提升战略,是全球化时代赋予《旅游学刊》的历史使命,也是为了让更多国际学者关注中国的旅游研究,关注《旅游学刊》.虽然中国的旅游研究整体上还处于学科体系尚待完善的阶段,理论研究薄弱,创新能力不足,但中国经济的强劲增长,世界对中国的关注日益增强,国内学者有着对中国经济、社会转型与旅游发展进行实证研究的天然优势,在国际上形成具有中国特色的旅游研究的中国学派是很有可能的.

  17. The Market for Civil Servants: Public Administration in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.M. van der Meer; F.K.M. van Nispen tot Pannerden (Frans)

    2000-01-01

    textabstractThe Dutch civil service has undergone profound changes over the last two decades. Although certainly not unique in this respect reform has left its mark on the size, the organization and the preferred mode of operation of the civil service. In this contribution we will concentrate on the

  18. Politicization of Senior Civil Servants in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lea NAHTIGAL

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In the context of the civil service system reform, the new normative framework adopted in 2002 introduced a new management arrangement in public administration, whose consequence was the transition of senior positions within ministries, bodies within ministries, and government offices from political officials to positional civil servants with a limited term of office, who have thus become the most senior civil servants, called administrative managers. Based on extensive empirical research and statistical data, this article provides an in-depth analysis of the status and position of administrative managers, which is intended to serve as a test whether the apex of the Slovenian administrative system is politicized and in what form. In the so-called new democracies, politicization most often is manifested as a violation of the principles of political neutrality characteristic of a professional civil service, through personalized and biased appointments of senior civil servants and in the low degree of protection against lay-offs of civil servants on political grounds. Administrative managers thus often have to decide between political susceptibility and trustworthiness versus professionalism and professional accountability, for their tasks belong to the administrative and political realms. This poses a question about the degree of influence politicians exert on administrative managers and the rate of success with which administrative managers manage to retain their professionalism and independence, which should represent the key characteristics of a senior civil servant.

  19. The Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal at 25: the cases everyone needs to know for investor state & international arbitration. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2007, 450 p.

    OpenAIRE

    Van Engeland, Anicée

    2010-01-01

    Cet ouvrage dirigé par des professeurs en droit analyse le tribunal qui s’occupe de régler les différends entre les États-Unis et l’Iran et qui fête ses 25 ans. Le livre est une collection d’articles écrits par des collaborateurs du tribunal. Il fait le point sur les 3000 cas solutionnés depuis la création du tribunal qui en ont fait un modèle d’arbitrage international.

  20. On Sustainable Improvement of China's Civil Aviation Transport Service Quality:Problems and Countermeasures%论我国民航运输服务质量持续改进的问题及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙继林

    2011-01-01

    Service quality is an important aspect of the competitiveness of civil aviation transport industry and a significant source for the competitive edge of the industry.This paper firstly analyzes the crucial impact factors and main problems in the sustainable improvement of China′s civil aviation transport service quality.Then,it puts forward countermeasures in light of these problems.The countermeasures include mainly following aspects.Firstly,service quality criteria should be set and combined with the execution and supervision.Secondly,the long—term mechanism should be founded by combining temporary checkup and regular checkup of service quality.Thirdly,the mechanism of both rewards and punishment should be built.Fourthly,the sustainable improvement of service quality can be achieved by solving surface problems and fundamental problems simultaneously while paying more attention to fundamental problems.Fifthly,the effective sustainable feedback mechanism should be built of passengers′ quality perception.Finally,service quality criteria should be revised whenever necessary in order to offer impetus for the sustainable improvement of service quality.%服务质量是民航运输业竞争力的重要内容,也是行业竞争优势的重要来源。针对推动民航运输服务质量改进的关键影响因素,以及我国民航运输服务质量持续改进中存在的问题,应通过深化对服务质量标准建设的认识,将标准制定与执行监督有机结合;建立临时质量检查与常态质量考核有机结合的长效机制;实行奖惩并举,推拉结合的服务质量促进机制;形成标本兼治,重在治本的服务质量持续改进原则;建立乘客质量感知的持续反馈机制;加强标准适时修订,为服务质量持续改进提供动力等策略实现民航运输服务质量持续改进。

  1. Competencies Framework for Civil Engineer in Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Phanudej Kudngaongarm; Chuchai Sujivorakul

    2012-01-01

    The civil engineering industry now faces with many problems such as poorly planned projects, breach of the delivery date, erroneous budget estimation, uncontrolled system functionality changes, and inappropriate documentation that all lead to the dissatisfaction of clients. One of the main concerns of civil engineering industry is to develop the talent of its human resources, since the quality and innovation of its products and services depend to a great extent on the knowledge, the ability a...

  2. The Current Banking Industry Civilized Norms Service Demonstration Unit With the Correct Evaluation Standard%现行银行业文明规范服务示范单位考核标准的评价与矫正

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张翠翠

    2014-01-01

    The current bank of civilized service demonstration unit standards questionable places a lot of. In this paper, ifnd out the shortage of the current service standards through the national banking has to carry out a speciifc analysis and evaluation, put forward the bank civilized service demonstration unit standard correction view, deals with the formulation and evaluation standard of perfection of the principle is:to be practical and realistic attitude, pragmatic style of work, the idea of scientiifc development, characteristic and the demand of the customer for the the banking industry to design and make the evaluation standard, the only way is responsible for the development of China's banking sector.%现行的银行文明服务示范单位标准值得商榷的地方很多。本文通过找出目前全国银行业服务标准存在的不足来进行了具体分析和评价,提出了银行文明服务示范单位标准的矫正观点,阐述了制定和完善评价标准的原则是:要以实事求是的态度,务实的作风,科学发展的思想,针对银行业的特点和客户的实际需求来设计制定考核评价标准,只有这样才是对中国银行业发展负责。

  3. La responsabilidad civil del empresario por daños y perjuicios derivados de accidente de trabajo

    OpenAIRE

    Monerri Guillén, Concepción

    2015-01-01

    *Introducción: La presente tesis doctoral bajo el título “La responsabilidad civil del empresario por daños y perjuicios derivados del accidente de trabajo”, ha suscitado gran interés en la doctrina y jurisprudencia de las Salas Primera y Cuarta del Tribunal Supremo ante la falta de criterios unánimes a la hora de enjuiciar la cuestión. El órgano competente para el enjuiciamiento, la valoración del daño y, el descuento de cantidades provenientes de la Seguridad Social, daban lugar al llamado ...

  4. El Tribunal Constitucional y las exhortaciones al legislador: el caso peruano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Castro Cruzatt

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Hace ya varias décadas los tribunales constitucionales europeos desarrollaron decisiones de carácter intermedio, como las sentencias interpretativas, manipulativas, aditivas y exhortativas. Estas variantes también se encuentran presentes en otros países como el Perú, cuyo Tribunal Constitucional suele incluir exhortaciones al legislador para impulsar la modificación o creación de normas legales. El propósito de este ensayo es analizar los principales problemas que plantean estos mensajes, advirtiendo sus riesgos, límites y beneficios, y ha sido desarrollado al hilo de la jurisprudencia constitucional peruana, contando también con la experiencia europea, especialmente la española.

  5. Reviewing Tribunal cases and nurse behaviour: putting empathy back into nurse education with Bloom's taxonomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, Kerrie; Hungerford, Catherine; Cruickshank, Mary

    2014-07-01

    Recent events in the UK and Australia have shown how poor patient outcomes are achieved when the behaviour of nurses lacks empathy. The UK's Francis Inquiry and the Keogh Report both call for an increase in the 'caring and compassion' of health care workers. A review of cases presented to the nurses' disciplinary tribunal in New South Wales' (Australia) also suggests that the majority of complaints against nurses in this jurisdiction is the result of callousness or lack of empathy. Such events reinforce the need for nurse educators to support nursing students to develop the affective attributes of caring and empathy. This paper considers how to raise the awareness of undergraduate students as a first step to developing empathy by using Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives; and includes a description of how to facilitate interactions with undergraduate nursing students about caring with empathy. Enculturating empathy is an evidence-based method of increasing compassionate care in health organisations generally.

  6. Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones 2.0: Primer acercamiento a la ciberdemocracia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Alvarado Aguilar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El auge de Internet, las redes sociales y las nuevas tecnologías han transformado las formas en que las instituciones del Estado mantienen una relación dialógica con la ciudadanía en aras de la construcción de procesos democráticos digitales. Empero, la red no es por sí sola democrática, por lo que se espera que sean las propias organizaciones gubernamentales las que promuevan espacios democráticos en sus plataformas digitales. Este estudio, de carácter exploratorio, pretende ser un insumo para evaluar el uso que da el Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones de Costa Rica (TSE a sus plataformas de comunicación digital en relación con la construcción de una ciberdemocracia.

  7. Reviewing Tribunal cases and nurse behaviour: putting empathy back into nurse education with Bloom's taxonomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, Kerrie; Hungerford, Catherine; Cruickshank, Mary

    2014-07-01

    Recent events in the UK and Australia have shown how poor patient outcomes are achieved when the behaviour of nurses lacks empathy. The UK's Francis Inquiry and the Keogh Report both call for an increase in the 'caring and compassion' of health care workers. A review of cases presented to the nurses' disciplinary tribunal in New South Wales' (Australia) also suggests that the majority of complaints against nurses in this jurisdiction is the result of callousness or lack of empathy. Such events reinforce the need for nurse educators to support nursing students to develop the affective attributes of caring and empathy. This paper considers how to raise the awareness of undergraduate students as a first step to developing empathy by using Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives; and includes a description of how to facilitate interactions with undergraduate nursing students about caring with empathy. Enculturating empathy is an evidence-based method of increasing compassionate care in health organisations generally. PMID:24656071

  8. Social and organizational impacts of the electronic processing system of the brazilian superior tribunal of justice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiana Soares de Freitas

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study on the social and organizational impacts of the Electronic Processing System (EPS implemented in 2008 by the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (STJ. This system is part of a wider transformation process involving the implementation of a new management model at the STJ. The theoretical framework is based on the Technology Enactment Theory and other studies on the role of technological innovations in public organizations (Fountain, 2005; Freitas, 2012. The main goal of the research is to identify the most significant factors facilitating or inhibiting the innovation adoption. Results show different impacts of the EPS on professional groups and organizations. Political, cultural and economic aspects influence stakeholders’ perceptions of the innovation, including its sustainability, time and costs savings that impact the rate of adoption and the realization of benefits both to users and the organization investing in its development.

  9. Desempeño e identidad institucional: el tribunal electoral en la alternancia del 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David H. CORROCHANO

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Analizamos el desempeño del Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF relacionándolo con su grado y tipo de identidad en la coyuntura de las elecciones presidenciales del 2 de julio del 2000. Para ello partimos de la premisa que las instituciones no sólo deben tener un buen desempeño, sino que éste debe ser trasmitido ante la ciudadanía. Nuestra hipótesis es que el TEPJF tuvo un buen desempeño pero carecía de identidad lo que facilitó la puesta en marcha de un "chantaje" institucional que marcó la incertidumbre del proceso, pudo limitar los avances democratizadores construidos hasta la fecha, y generar un conflicto postelectoral con consecuencias para la estabilidad política del país.

  10. Justice or Peace? The Hariri Assassination and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria-Rita Kassis

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri represented a turning point in the modern history of Lebanon. The death of the tycoon, who reshaped Beirut following years of internal strife, has resulted in a major uprising that changed the face of Lebanon and rewrote its history. To many, his death remains a mystery which is expected to be solved by the UN-sponsored International Tribunal in charge of probing the Feb 14, 2005, murder. Lebanon, a country overwhelmed by its ongoing political crises, is in tension again in anticipation of the expected indictment. This article explores the main conspiracy theories regarding the background of the assassination. After presenting a number of uncontested facts, the article explores three scenarios which attribute responsibility respectively to Syria, Hezbollah and Israel. 

  11. A (In Constitucionalidade da Súmula 385 Superior Tribunal de Justiça

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valmir

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo busca analisar, à luz do fundamento da dignidade da pessoa humana e dos direitos e garantias fundamentais consagrados pela Constituição Federal de 1988, a constitucionalidade da Súmula 385, editada do Superior Tribunal de Justiça (STJ. Este enunciado veda ao consumidor que possua pelo menos um registro legítimo em órgão de proteção crédito exigir judicialmente indenização por dano moral em face de posterior anotação, ainda esta última seja irregular. O método de abordagem utilizado nesta pesquisa é o dedutivo, de procedimento cientifico, com utilização de técnicas de pesquisas bibliográfica e jurisprudencial.

  12. 范围界定、侵权责任与网络服务提供者的民事责任%Scope Definition, Tort Liability and Civil Liability of Lritemet Service Providers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨和义

    2012-01-01

    In the Internet age, copyright civil liability of the network service providers is a long-term and requiring further study problem. Based on the network service providers, the article discuss the copyright civil liability of network service providers with respect to the scope of network service providers, the prior review obligation, the responsibility, tort liability form and fault, and the liability for compensation. The article argues that, because of the rapid development of network technology, the new network service providers appear constantly. At present, it is ignored in law and it should be defined in the judicial interpretations. It also should be defined clearly when copyright law is modified this time. In the existing technical condition, the network service providers shall bear the prior review obligation of formal examination, in violation of rules to take their fault liability, overall compensation for damage caused by fault. Besides, it analyzes the method of damage calculation and suggests the amount of calculation methods for the modification of copyright law this time.%在网络时代,网络服务提供者的著作权民事责任是一个长期面临且需要不断深入研究的问题。因网络技术迅速发展致新型网络服务提供者不断出现,目前,法对其无明定,宜在司法解释中界定。本次修改著作权法时应明定,在现有技术条件下,网络服务提供者应承担形式审查的事先审查义务,违反规则则承担自己过错责任,网络服务提供者侵犯著作权应对过错所致损害全面赔偿。

  13. Co-Producing Sustainability: Involving Parents and Civil Society in the Governance of School Meal Services. A Case Study from Pisa, Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Galli

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available There is a rising awareness of the power of the public sector in enhancing sustainable consumption and production practices, in particular related to food procurement and its social, ethical, economical and environmental implications. School meal services have a high resonance in the debate on collective catering services because of the implications on the education to sustainable dietary habits and the orientation of the production system. This contribution focuses on the reciprocal relationship between professionals and users of school meal services as a driver to mobilize new resources—according to the theory of co-production—that steer service innovation and a shift towards more sustainable practices. We illustrate this through a case study on the school meal system in Pisa (Italy, where the Canteen Committee represents an institutional arena for participation and empowerment of actors that has gradually gained a central role in shaping this school meal service. Despite the challenges and obstacles, the institutionalized co-production of services allows consolidation of trust among key players and the introduction of innovations in the service, in the form of several projects oriented to sustainability which would not take place without the joint effort of actors involved, parents in the first place.

  14. 中国民航旅客多渠道服务技术平台应用研究%Research of China's Civil Aviation Passenger Multi-Channel Service Technology Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛志兵; 王欣明

    2011-01-01

    IATA is promoting simplifying the business. The traditional passenger services and business process, such as ticketing, airport counters, had a great influence. The airlines have the passenger service and convenience as the next product development requirements. With civil aviation industry and their company's products construction, the authors propose a solution of passenger multi-channel service product platform. The solution is to streamline the business as the breakthrough point, around the convenience of passengers travel services to travelers as the center, using the current mainstream and the latest IT technology to establish passenger service product platform. The solution will promote DCS e-ticketing business development and service channel diversity. The research results have been applied in the product platform construction of the authors' company.The practice shows that through traditional business with the latest IT technologies, traditional passenger services into the emerging service model, passenger service product platform has strong advantages and characteristics. Based on the platform, various types of service products is growing rapidly.%国际航协IATA简化商务推广,对民航传统订票、机场柜台等旅客服务、业务流程产生了很大的影响.各航空公司纷纷将服务、便捷作为旅客服务产品下一步的发展要求.结合中国民航行业情况以及所在民航单位的产品建设,提出了以简化商务为突破点,以旅客为中心,围绕便捷的旅客出行服务,利用当前主流和最新的IT技术建立旅客多渠道服务技术平台的解决方案,以推动离港电子客票业务的发展、服务渠道的多样化.研究成果已应用在作者单位的系统平台建设中,经实践表明,旅客服务技术平台通过传统业务与最新IT技术结合,将传统旅客服务融入新兴服务模式,有较强的技术架构优势和特性,各类服务产品得以迅速发展,有效降低了航空公司的运营成本.

  15. Addressing Human Rights in the Court of Justice of the Andean Community and the Tribunal of the Southern African Development Community

    OpenAIRE

    Stephen Kingah; Giovanni Molano-Cruz

    2014-01-01

    The article compares how the regional tribunals of the Andean Community (CAN) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) have dealt with human rights issues in order to explore options for South-South judicial cooperation through adjudicative cross-fertilization, while taking into account specificities that characterize both regions. In doing so, focus is placed on four elements: a) the scope of human rights covered by each of the regional tribunals; b) the locus standi of individu...

  16. Legalisation of Civil Wars

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buhl, Kenneth Øhlenschlæger

    2009-01-01

    This article is concerned with the legal challenges of regulating civil wars in international humanitarian law. Civil war is not a term used in international law; it falls however, withing the context of the legal term 'armed conflicts not of an international character', although the shorter 'non......-international armed conflict' is used here. Civil wars are usually limited to the territory of a state. Considering that international law is generally concerned with the legal relations between states – being a legal system based on the system of states with states as its subjects – the main question is how civil...... wars as internal conflicts have become subject to international humanitarian law....

  17. 75 FR 62429 - Notice of Intent to Award-Grant Awards for the Provision of Civil Legal Services to Eligible Low...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-08

    ... of funding availability on March 17, 2010 (75 FR 12802), and Grant Renewal applications due on June 7...: DE-1 Legal Services Corporation of Delaware....... 715,835 MDE Legal Aid Bureau 28,584 Florida:...

  18. 76 FR 68221 - Notice of Intent To Award-Grant Awards for the Provision of Civil Legal Services to Eligible Low...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-03

    ... of funding availability on March 30, 2011 (76 FR 17711), and Grant Renewal applications due beginning... Assistance, Inc. Delaware DE-1 Legal Services 686,244 Corporation of Delaware, Inc. MDE Legal Aid Bureau,...

  19. Competencies Framework for Civil Engineer in Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phanudej Kudngaongarm

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The civil engineering industry now faces with many problems such as poorly planned projects, breach of the delivery date, erroneous budget estimation, uncontrolled system functionality changes, and inappropriate documentation that all lead to the dissatisfaction of clients. One of the main concerns of civil engineering industry is to develop the talent of its human resources, since the quality and innovation of its products and services depend to a great extent on the knowledge, the ability and the talent that civil engineers apply in the development process. A competency framework defines a set of knowledge, skills, and behaviors that professionals must have to excel in their careers. A competency framework facilitates the identification of training needs and guides the design of a professional development program. In this paper we propose a competency framework for civil engineers, whose design is based on the activities and interactions that they perform during the civil development process. Thus, competency framework for civil engineers defines a set of knowledge, abilities and key behaviors, with special emphasis in the soft skills. The organization that adopts this framework must define and integrate the specific competencies needed by for civil engineers to allow them to fulfill their goals.

  20. Scheme Design for Hydraulic System of Ground Hydraulic Service Trailers for Civil Aircraft%民用小型飞机地面液压保障拖车液压系统方案设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏晓斌; 韩固勇; 杨学光

    2015-01-01

    The demands of aircraft ground hydraulic service were analyzed. Using composite speed mode of the combination of valve speed regulation and frequency control with high controlled precision and lower power loss, the design scheme of hydraulic system of ground hydraulic service trailers for civil aircraft was proposed. It provides a good reference for the future development of hydraulic system of aviation ground hydraulic service equipment.%分析飞机地面液压保障需求,采用控制精度较高、功率损失较小的阀控调速与变频调速相结合的复合调速方式,提出了民用小型飞机地面液压保障拖车液压系统设计方案,为今后航空地面液压保障设备液压系统开发提供了很好的参考。

  1. The Education of Civil Health Information Literacy and Service in E-era%E时代公民健康信息素养教育和服务研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵爱平; 贾曌

    2012-01-01

    This paper points out the concept and development in the medical field of information literacy, puts forward the necessity of strengthening the education of health information literacy, and presents service concept, service object, service content and service measures of health information literacy education in E-era by analyzing the present situation of theory and practice research on health information literacy at home and abroad, combining with the existing problems in research on public health literacy in China. The authors suggest that people should learn and reference the advanced idea, experience the lessons from developed countries such as the United States, breakthrough the limitations of knowledge and skills, bring the education of health information literacy into the research on public health literacy intervention, actively explore the new ideas and new methods of improving civil health literacy, promote health promotion and health education work, and improve civil health literacy level.%阐述信息素养的概念及其在医学领域的发展,分析加强健康信息素养教育的必要性,通过分析国内外健康信息素养理论与实践研究的现状,结合当前我国公众健康素养以及健康信息素养研究存在的问题,指出E时代健康信息素养教育的服务理念和服务对象、内容及措施,提出要学习和借鉴美国等发达国家在健康信息素养教育和公共卫生管理方面的先进理念、经验教训,突破基本健康知识与技能的局限,将健康信息素养注入到公众健康素养干预的研究之中,积极探索提高全民健康素养的新思路和新方法,提高全民健康素养水平。

  2. El Derecho a la Tutela Judicial y al Debido Proceso en la Jurisprudencia del Tribunal Constitucional Chileno

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalo García Pino; Pablo Contreras Vásquez

    2013-01-01

    El texto propone un esquema conceptual que sistematiza la jurisprudencia del Tribunal Constitucional chileno en materia del derecho a la tutela judicial y al debido proceso. Tomando en consideración la doctrina reciente, el texto elabora categorías dogmáticas para diferenciar las potestades y componentes del derecho a la tutela judicial del debido proceso. Los autores concluyen que ambos derechos son de creciente desarrollo conceptual por la jurisprudencia constitucional chilena y que su sist...

  3. Perbandingan Efektifitas Sistem Temu Kembali Berita Surat Kabar Harian Tribun Medan Menggunakan Search Engine Google Dengan Search Engine Yahoo

    OpenAIRE

    Utami, Nurul

    2015-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektifitas hasil temuan berita surat kabar harian Tribun Medan. Acuan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah dengan menggunakan rumus precision. Rumus precision yaitu jumlah dokumen terpanggil relevan dengan kebutuhan dibagi dengan jumlah dokumen yang terpanggil. Objek yang diteliti dalam penelitian ini adalah search engine Google dengan search engine Yahoo. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen, dan penelitian ini menggunakan unit a...

  4. The takeover process of the Real Tribunal del Protoalbeitarato by the Faculty of Veterinary of Madrid (1792-1855

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sánchez de Lollano Prieto, Joaquín

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The absorption of the Real Tribunal del Protoalbeitarato by the Veterinary Science School of Madrid shows several singularities in relation to the equivalent process in medicine and pharmacy. The conflict and the hegemony of the Real Tribunal during almost sixty years from the creation of the Veterinary Science School (1792, has been studied by the traditional historiography with a view fundamentally focused on veterinary aspects. In this article, the process of absorption is investigated in full detail. Also, the relevance of political motivations and their predominance over technical, sanitary or professional motivations are shown. So, the game of institutions and agents which are external to the veterinary science are analysed; specially, the outstanding role performed by the XV Marquis of Cerralbo.La absorción del Real Tribunal del Protoalbeitarato por la Escuela de Veterinaria de Madrid presenta ciertas singularidades respecto al proceso equivalente en medicina y farmacia. La pugna y hegemonía del Real Tribunal durante casi sesenta años desde la creación de la Escuela de Veterinaria (1792, ha sido estudiada por la historiografía tradicional con una visión centrada fundamentalmente en aspectos veterinarios. En el presente artículo se investigan en detalle los procesos conducentes a la absorción y se pone de manifiesto la relevancia de las motivaciones políticas y su predominio sobre las de carácter técnico, sanitario o profesional. Por ello, se analiza el juego de instituciones y de agentes externos a la veterinaria implicados, en especial destacamos el papel desempeñado por el XV Marqués de Cerralbo.

  5. Civil War and Inoperativity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flohr, Mikkel

    2016-01-01

    civil war and the sovereign state, in spite of Agamben’s insistence on their continuity. Agamben’s decoupling of civil war and the sovereign state facilitates novel political possibilities that unfortunately remain underdeveloped in the book. The article proceeds to develop Agamben’s brief intimations...

  6. Apps for Ancient Civilizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Stephanie

    2011-01-01

    This project incorporates technology and a historical emphasis on science drawn from ancient civilizations to promote a greater understanding of conceptual science. In the Apps for Ancient Civilizations project, students investigate an ancient culture to discover how people might have used science and math smartphone apps to make their lives…

  7. Refractions of Civil Society

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuzmanovic, Daniella

    The thesis investigates various perceptions of civil society among civic activists in Turkey, and how these perceptions are produced and shaped. The thesis is an anthropological contribution to studies of civil society in general, as well as to studies on political culture in Turkey....

  8. Civil Society and Governance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hulgård, Lars

    An illustration of how important the relationship is between civil society anbd governance. A short historic journey with four snapshots of times and situations that have provided interesting evidence about the connection between civil society and governance. My goal for the short historic journe...... is to make clear and hopefully even verify that providing knowledge about the impact of civil society and citizens’ participation on governance is one of the most urgent research tasks in the current period of time.......An illustration of how important the relationship is between civil society anbd governance. A short historic journey with four snapshots of times and situations that have provided interesting evidence about the connection between civil society and governance. My goal for the short historic journey...

  9. Extending the service life of civil structures. Towards a shared innovation programme : Based on the Workshop held in Amsterdam, the Netherlands 27 November, 2014

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kruithof, J.J.

    2014-01-01

    Throughout Europe, structures such as bridges and viaducts are approaching the end of their service life. Material degradation is a direct consequence of ageing and leads to reduced resistance to environmental impacts. In the meantime, some of these environmental impacts, or loads for short, have in

  10. 78 FR 64249 - Notice of Intent To Award-Grant Awards for the Provision of Civil Legal Services to Eligible Low...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-28

    ... of funding availability on March 29, 2013 (78 FR 19326), and Grant Renewal applications due beginning.... Legal Aid of Arkansas, Inc.... AR-6 1,377,732 Texas RioGrande Legal Aid, MAR 72,841 Inc.. California Bay Area Legal Aid CA-28 3,872,309 California Indian Legal CA-1 22,565 Services, Inc.. California...

  11. 民用飞机客户服务体系能力成熟度评估方法%Capability Maturity Assessment Method for Civil Aircraft Customer Service System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐峻; 陈林; 孙蕾

    2014-01-01

    According to the basic ideas of the Capability Maturity Model (CMM), the Maturity Model for civil aircraft customer service system was established on ifve big aspects: the engineering and technical support, marketing and customer support, spare parts support, flight training, technical publications, and so on. Then, Capability Maturity comprehensive evaluation method was given. With the survey results airlines of customer service satisfaction, and weights which were determined by expert advice, using the multi-level fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method , maturity level on the actual customer service system for comac's customer service center are evaluated, making the current maturity level of clear and continuous improvement Suggestions are put forward.%针对民用飞机客户服务中心的客户服务体系,根据成熟度模型(Capability Maturity Model,CMM)的基本思想,从工程技术支持、市场与客户支援、航材支援、飞行培训和技术出版物等5大方面入手,建立民用飞机客户服务体系的成熟度模型,提出其能力成熟度综合评价方法。通过参考中国商飞开展的客户服务满意度调查问卷结果,并融合专家意见确定的权重值,利用多层次模糊综合评价方法,对中国商飞客户服务中心现有的客户服务体系进行成熟度等级评价,明确其目前所处的成熟度层级,并提出持续改进的建议。

  12. Climates, Landscapes, and Civilizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Colin

    2013-10-01

    Humans are now the dominant driver of global climate change. From ocean acidification to sea level rise, changes in precipitation patterns, and rising temperatures, global warming is presenting us with an uncertain future. However, this is not the first time human civilizations have faced a changing world. In the AGU monograph Climates, Landscapes, and Civilizations, editors Liviu Giosan, Dorian Q. Fuller, Kathleen Nicoll, Rowan K. Flad, and Peter C. Clift explore how some ancient peoples weathered the shifting storms while some faded away. In this interview, Eos speaks with Liviu Giosan about the decay of civilizations, ancient adaptation, and the surprisingly long history of humanity's effect on the Earth.

  13. O Supremo Tribunal Federal e a garantia do direito à educação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ELISÂNGELA ALVES DA SILVA SCAFF

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se investiga y analiza el rol de la judicatura, en concreto del Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF de Brasil, relativo a las demandas judiciales en el ámbito del derecho a la educación de niños y adolescentes en el período del 2003 al 2012. Mediante este análisis se observó que el STF ha adoptado una posición favorable a la efectuación del derecho a la educación, declarando de forma unánime que la educación -incluida la educación infantil– es un derecho social fundamental inmediatamente exigible del Estado (en sentido amplio por vía judicial. No obstante la importancia de la posición jurisprudencial adoptada por el STF de Brasil, se observó también en el análisis desarrollado la falta de diálogo del STF con el área de la educación, así como el tratamiento de poca profundidad dado al tema.

  14. Factors influencing treatment team recommendations to review tribunals for forensic psychiatric patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Krystle; Martin, Erica

    2016-07-01

    It is the responsibility of forensic psychiatric hospitals to detain and treat patients, gradually reintegrating them into society; decisions to release patients must balance risk to the public with maintaining the least restrictive environment for patients. Little is known about the factors considered when making such decisions and whether these factors have been empirically linked to future risk of violence. The current study explores the factors predictive of forensic treatment teams' recommendations for patients under the care of the Ontario Review Board (ORB). Factors differ depending on level of security; decisions on medium secure units were influenced by the presence of active symptoms and patients' overall violence risk level and decisions made on minimum secure units were influenced by the number of critical incidents that occurred within the recommendation year. Understanding the factors used to make recommendations to the ORB tribunal helps treatment teams to reflect on their own decision-making practices. Furthermore, the results serve to inform us about factors that influence length of stay for forensic psychiatric patients. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:27147124

  15. Tribunal simulado: efeito da ordem das teses e do antecedente do réu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronaldo Pilati

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Dois estudos experimentais de tribunal simulado tiveram como objetivo avaliar o efeito do antecedente criminal do réu e da ordem de apresentação das teses de acusação e defesa na deliberação de jurados. No primeiro foi realizado um delineamento fatorial 2 (ordem das teses X 2 (perfil do réu do qual participaram 123 estudantes, que assistiram a um julgamento simulado gravado em vídeo. Os resultados indicaram que houve tendência de condenação e que a ordem e o perfil não influenciam na deliberação, mas que o desempenho dos atores do vídeo exerceu efeito significativo na deliberação. No segundo estudo o caso foi apresentado de forma textual, sem apoio do vídeo. Apenas a variável perfil fez parte do delineamento e participaram do estudo 54 estudantes. Os resultados indicaram que o perfil não exerceu efeito na deliberação, mas a amostra tendeu a absolver o réu. Processos sócio-cognitivos precisam ser melhor investigados em estudos futuros.

  16. Transplanting the European Court of Justice: The Experience of the Andean Tribunal of Justice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osvaldo Saldías

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Although there is an extensive literature on domestic legal transplants, far less is known about the transplantation of supranational judicial bodies. The Andean Tribunal of Justice (ATJ is one of eleven copies of the European Court of Justice (ECJ, and the third most active international court. This article considers the origins and evolution of the ATJ as a transplanted judicial institution. It first reviews the literatures on legal transplants, neofunctionalist theory, and the spread of European ideas and institutions, explaining how the intersection of these literatures informs the study of supranational judicial transplants. The article next explains why the Andean Pact's member states decided to add a court to their regional integration initiative, why they adapted the European Community model, and how the ECJ's existence has shaped the evolution of Andean legal doctrine and the political space within which the ATJ operates. We conclude by analyzing how the ATJ's experience informs the challenges of supranational transplants and theories of supranational legal integration more generally. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1948405

  17. Jurisprudència i bibliografia sobre la funció pública - The Civil Service: Case Law and Literature - Jurisprudencia y bibliografía sobre la función pública

    OpenAIRE

    Gemma Geis Carreras

    2012-01-01

    L’article analitza les novetats jurisprudencials i doctrinals aparegudes amb posterioritat a l’aprovació de Estatut bàsic de l'empleat públic (EBEP). En aquest sentit, s’inicia un recorregut amb les darreres sentències del Tribunal Constitucional respecte del dret fonamental a l’accés a la funció pública, passant pels requisits d’accés a la funció pública, les garanties del procediment de selecció envers les mesures de discriminació positiva, polítiques d’igualtat i d’inserció de les persones...

  18. Civil & Criminal Penalties

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Consumer Product Safety Commission — When CPSC is involved in a civil or criminal investigations into violations of the Consumer Products Safety Act the Commission publishes final determinations and...

  19. Nuclear energy and civilization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The role of energy is indeed very important since without it there will be no living-things in this world. A country's ability to cultivate energy determines the levels of her civilization and wealth. Sufficient energy supply is needed for economic growth, industrialization, and modernization. In a modern civilization, the prosperity and security of a country depends more on the capability of her people rather than the wealth of her natural resources. Energy supplies the wealth, prosperity and security, and sufficient reliable continuous supply of energy secures the sustainable development. The energy supply to sustain the development has to improve the quality of life covering also the quality of environment to support the ever increasing demand of human race civilization. Energy has a closer relationship with civilization in a modern society and will have to become even closer in the future more civilized and more modern society. The utilization of nuclear energy has, however, some problems and challenges, e.g. misleading information and understanding which need serious efforts for public information, public relation, and public acceptance, and possible deviation of nuclear materials for non-peaceful uses which needs serious efforts for technological and administrative barriers, precaution, prevention, safety, physical protection, safeguard, and transparency. These require cooperation among nuclear community. The cooperation should be more pronounced by heterogeneous growing Asian countries to reach harmony for mutual benefits toward better civilization. (J.P.N.)

  20. Les particularités de la relation de service au sein des administrations communales. Le cas des départements « population » et « état civil »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Lacourt

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Cet article présente les résultats d’une recherche effectuée dans le cadre de la réalisation d’un mémoire de licence en gestion des ressources humaines. Titre exact du Mémoire : « Gestion du personnel de guichet et relation de service dans les administrations communales. Le cas de six communes bruxelloises. » Inspirée par les ouvrages « L’État au guichet » de J.M. Weller et « La vie au guichet » de V. Dubois, nous avons étudié les départements « population » et « état civil » de six communes bruxelloises sous l’angle de la relation de service. Afin de réaliser ce travail, nous nous sommes entretenus avec des agents et des chefs de service de ces administrations communales (Ixelles, Bruxelles, Evere, Koekelberg, Uccle, Saint Josse. Au total, 28 entretiens ont été réalisés. Notre ambition étant de mettre en lumière les particularités du travail d’agents communaux « en contact direct avec le public ».Insistant davantage sur les aspects théoriques de notre mémoire, cet article vise à mettre en évidence les principaux aspects de la sociologie des relations de service appliquée aux services publics. Plus précisément, il s’agit ici de définir les particularités de ce travail d’accueil, d’insister sur la complexité de celui-ci, sur les compétences qu’il requiert et sur le déroulement des rencontres entre agents et usagers.

  1. CER: A Handy Tool for the Civil Engineer

    OpenAIRE

    Klein, Helena

    1998-01-01

    Because of the dynamic developments in information technology, the role of the libraries is also changing dramatically. Access to electronic resources, as a service, has become more common for all those working in libraries. This paper focuses on the Civil Engineering Resources (CER), an electronic resource service available on the World Wide Web. It was developed within the library of Civil Engineering at Lund Institute of Technology, compiling about 500 selected Internet Resour...

  2. Searching for extraterrestrial civilizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuiper, T B; Morris, M

    1977-05-01

    We have argued that planning for a search for extraterrestrial intelligence should involve a minimum number of assumptions. In view of the feasibility (at our present level of understanding) of using nuclear fusion to effect interstellar travel at a speed of 0.1c, it appears unwarranted (at this time) to assume that it would not occur for at least some technologically advanced civilizations. One cannot even conclude that humans would not attempt this within the next few centuries. On the contrary, the most likely future situation, given the maintenance of technological growth and the absence of extraterrestrial interference, is that our civilization will explore and colonize our galactic neighborhood. A comparison of the time scales of galactic evolution and interstellar travel leads to the conclusion that the galaxy is either essentially empty with respect to technological civilizations or extensively colonized. In the former instance, a SETI would be unproductive. In the latter, a SETI could be fruitful if a signal has been deliberately directed at the earth or at an alien outpost, probe, or communication relay station in our solar system. In the former case, an existing antenna would probably be sufficient to detect the signal. In the latter case, success would depend on the way in which the communications were coded. Failure to detect a signal could permit any of the following conclusions: (i) the galaxy is devoid of technological civilizations, advanced beyond our own, (ii) such civilizations exist, but cannot (for some reason which is presently beyond our ken) engage in interstellar colonization, or (iii) such civilizations are not attempting overt contact with terrestrial civilizations and their intercommunications, if present, are not coded in a simple way. To plan at this time for a high-cost, large-array SETI based on the last two possibilities appears to be rather premature. PMID:17760037

  3. 成就动机与大学生公考心理的调查与思考%Investigation and thinking on achievement motivation and college students' civil service exam psychological

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秀明; 武怀生

    2015-01-01

    Through the investigation and study of college students achievement motivation, to explore the influencing factors, and provide a basis for the research of college students' achievement motivation, this research through the senior students "achievement motivation scale" questionnaire and SPSS software data analysis results: college students' achievement motivation in a professional, no significant difference on gender factors; The Han nationality college students' achievement motivation is significantly higher than the college students of ethnic minorities; Civil service exam achievement motive level of college students is significantly higher than not to attend college students.%通过对在校大学生成就动机的调查研究,探索影响因素,为大学生成就动机的研究提供依据,本研究通过“成就动机量表”问卷调查大四学生和SPSS软件数据分析得出结果:大学生成就动机在专业、性别因素上差异不显著;汉族大学生成就动机明显高于少数民族大学生;公考大学生的成就动机水平明显高于不参加公考的大学生。

  4. 清末科举:实践背离严密制度的困局以一个应会试的书院老师的视角∗%Imperial Civil Service Examination in the Late Qing Dynasty:A Dilemma Resulted from Flexible Implementation and Contradiction to the Rigid System From the Perspective of a Juren

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李兵; 邹艳妮

    2016-01-01

    Ding Zhitang,who ever studied in Jinjiang Academy in Sichuan,was assigned as the Shan Zhang of Zunjing Academy in Sichuan,Ruishan Academy and Hezong Academy in Hezhou.Despite the great contribution of Ding Zhitang to the study of Confucian classics,he was still enthusiastic about Keju, the civil service examination in ancient China.He went to Beijing three times to attend examinations and recorded in his diary the whole process of participating in Jichou examination in the 15th year of Guangxu Emperor(1889).What he recorded showed relatively obvious differences from the written rulers of the civil service examination made by the Qing Dynasty,some aspects of the implementation even contradicted com-pletely to the system of civil service examination,which made civil service examinations fall into a dilemma in the late Qing Dynasty,when the result of the civil service examination failed to achieve the expectation of the ruler,nor did it attract students to attend the examination.The ruler at the end of the Qing Dynasty had no ability or attempts to reform the civil service examination.Therefore,termination and abolishment of the examination seemed to the inevitable ending.%丁治棠曾经求学于成都锦江书院,先后任四川尊经书院分教,合州瑞山、合宗两书院山长。丁治棠虽然在经学方面较有建树,但他仍然热衷于科举功名,三次赴京参加会试。他以日记的形式记录了自己参加光绪十五年(1889年)己丑科会试的全过程,所记科举实施情况与清代统治者规定的科举制度有比较明显的差距,有的实施环节甚至完全背离了科举严密的制度。这使得晚清科举陷入到既无法达到统治者的预期值,亦无法吸引读书人积极应试的困境之中。而清末统治者既无力,也无心重整科举,因此其走向停废似乎就是必然的结局了。

  5. The role of organized civil society in tobacco control in Latin America and the Caribbean El papel de la sociedad civil organizada en el control del tabaco en Latinoamérica y el Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    Beatriz Marcet Champagne; Ernesto Sebrié; Verónica Schoj

    2010-01-01

    Civil society has been the engine that has permitted many of the accomplishments seen in tobacco control in Latin America and the Caribbean. However, the role of civil society is not clearly understood. Civil society plays five main roles: advocate, coalition builder, provider of evidence-based information, watchdog and service provider. Some of these roles are played weakly by civil society in the region and should be encouraged to support beneficial societal change. Civil society working in...

  6. La recepción del Ius Commune por el Tribunal Superior del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico

    OpenAIRE

    Roca, María J.

    2010-01-01

    En el trabajo se expone cómo y por qué se aplicaron el Derecho canónico y el Derecho romano en el extenso territorio del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico. Buena parte de los ducados, marquesados, etc. integrados en él habían quedado siempre fuera del limes romano. Además, en los momentos en que tuvo lugar la recepción plena del Ius commune, debido a la Reforma protestante, se dejaba de reconocer la autoridad del Romano Pontífice y de los Obispos. Ello fue posible debido a que el Tribunal Superi...

  7. Desarrollo y perspectiva del Centro de Capacitación Judicial Electoral del Tribunal Electoral de México

    OpenAIRE

    Leonor Garay Morales; Luis Eduardo Medina Torres

    2012-01-01

    El Centro de Capacitación Judicial Electoral (CCJE) del Tribunal Electoral de México (TEPJF) planea y ejecuta actividades de capacitación, investigación, difusión, formación y actualización en el ámbito de las acciones de importancia para la vida institucional y jurisdiccional del TEPJF, asimismo constituyen una vía de preparación y actualización para autoridades electorales, partidos políticos, instituciones educativas, la ciudadanía y órganos gubernamentales y no gubernamentales...

  8. “晕轮效应”对考录公务员面试考官的影响与应对%The Influence of "Halo Effect" on Civil Service Interviewer and How to Deal with It

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐敏

    2012-01-01

    "晕轮效应"是一种主观心理臆测,是一个不可忽视、又无处不在的评价偏见,具有片面性、表面性和弥散性的特点。它存在于考官队伍中,对公务员的选拔工作会造成负面影响。"晕轮效应"作为一种心理现象,在公务员的面试过程中是不可消除的,因此,应该从主观上主动地去避免、克制,并且还要建立严格的选人用人制度,在客观上防止"晕轮效应"的出现,使"晕轮效应"的影响降到最低程度,保证面试的科学性和可靠性,努力做到公平、公开、公正地选拔人才,求得面试的效果最佳。%The "halo effect" is a subjective psychological speculation,should not be neglected,and everywhere in the evaluation of bias,one-sided,surface and diffuse features.It exists in the ranks of examiners,the selection of civil servants will have a negative impact."Halo effect" as a psychological phenomenon,the interview process in the civil service can not be eliminated,should take the initiative to avoid the subjective,restraint,and also to establish a strict system of selection and appointment,the objective to prevent the "halo effect" occurs,so that the "halo effect" to a minimum,ensure the scientific and reliability of the interview,to be fair, open and impartial selection of personnel,the interview obtained the best results.

  9. Protection of civil rights and technological development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The question of how the consequences of technological development are to be mastered on the legal level is not primarily a problem of the administrative procedure. The essential point in the discussion on protection of basic rights is not to be seen in the citizen's right to participate in administrative procedures, but rather in the substantive civil rights of individual persons as against the government, together with the system of values established in the Basic Law and derived from the basic rights, as well as in the proper functioning of the principle of separation of powers (legislature, administration, and judicature). The law on procedure and thus the idea of (protection of civil rights by rules of procedure) in this context only have an enhancing effect. Practical protection of civil rights is also ascertained in the Federal Republic of Germany by the particularly well-established guarantee of access to the courts. Another idea to be mentioned in this context is an approach that can be termed as 'protection of civil rights by government-funded research'. Other facts contributing to building a protective shield against infringement of civil rights by technology, activities or installations, include e.g. the federal structure of the state and the administration, type and scope of organisation of the public service, the established system of environmental protection and the safety provided by the current system of expert opinions. (orig./HSCH)

  10. ESTABLISHING EFFECTIVE CONTRACT FOR CIVIL SERVANTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ochakovsky V. A.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The ongoing administrative reform in Russia has been carried out with the help of modern technology and human resources and it has a significant impact on the staff of the civil service - civil servants. This article presents the position of the Government of the Russian Federation, according to which the establishment of effective contract - one of the ways of development, improve the remuneration system for civil servants, public servants themselves assessment of this innovation, presented the implementation of effective regulatory framework contract is indicated by its ideology. The factor affecting the wages of civil servants is a performance indicator; the article lists its views. In different departments, employee performance is evaluated differently in the article presents an assessment of the effectiveness of them. The evaluation of the implementation of effective contract Sergei Filatov, who served as President of the socio-economic and intellectual programs and Dmitry Abzalov - President of the Center for Strategic Communications. Also there was shown the analysis of public servants’ understanding, feasibility and impact of introducing effective contract in the state structures. We have proposed measures to address misunderstandings of the reform civil servants. There are findings as well as possible scenarios after the establishment of effective contract

  11. Quantitative analysis of influencing factors of subgrade service depth of civil airport runway%民用机场场道路基工作区深度影响因素定量分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨召焕; 程国勇

    2016-01-01

    The finite element numerical analysis method is adopted to solve the boundary value problem of additional stress distribution in subsoil of civil airport runway under aircraft load, and the effects of the aircraft load types, slab thickness of rigid pavement and subsoil resilient modulus on service depth are quantitatively analyzed. Heavier aircraft load and more complicated landing gear configuration lead to greater distributional zone and corresponding service depth. The service depth decreases with the increasing slab thickness of rigid pavement, but increases with the increasing subsoil resilient modulus. The relations between the service depth and the slab thickness of rigid pavement and the subsoil resilient modulus are both linear and depend upon the definition standard of the service depth. Based on the analysis, a simple method for determining the service depth of rigid pavement is proposed to avoid the complicated numerical analysis. The findings can be referenced for determining the service depth of airport runway, subsoil treatment depth and treatment method in the design and construction practice.%借助有限元数值分析方法求解了飞机荷载作用附加应力在民用机场场道土基分布的边值问题,在此基础上定量地研究了飞机荷载类型、刚性道面厚度、土基回弹模量以及工作区不同定义标准对工作区深度的影响:飞机荷载越重、起落架形式越复杂,土基中附加应力的影响范围越大,相应工作区深度越大;刚性道面的厚度越大,工作区深度越小;土基回弹模量越大,工作区深度越大;刚性道面的工作区深度与刚性道面厚度、土基回弹模量之间存在良好的线性关系,并且这种线性关系与工作区深度的定义标准有关。在上述分析的基础上,提出了一种确定刚性道面工作区深度的简易方法,可以规避繁琐的数值模拟。在场道的设计和建设工程中,可以借鉴本文

  12. Searching for extraterrestrial civilizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuiper, T. B. H.; Morris, M.

    1977-01-01

    Three interrelated assumptions are critically examined in an attempt to outline a productive strategy for a search for extraterrestrial intelligence. Questions concerning the feasibility of interstellar travel are investigated. It is concluded that the probability of interstellar travel is high enough that, given a modest number of advanced civilizations, at least one of them will engage in interstellar voyages and colonize the galaxy. Assuming, however, that technological civilizations are rare the galaxy would be essentially unpopulated. Attention is given to the present lack of contact with extraterrestrial beings and frequencies for interstellar beacons.

  13. Comparative Analysis of Labor Relations in the Latin American Civil Service: Argentina, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Peru Title: Análisis comparado de las relaciones laborales en la administración pública Latinoamericana: Argentina, Costa Rica, México y Perú

    OpenAIRE

    Graciela Falivene; José Alberto Bonifacio

    2002-01-01

    This document is a summary of the study entitled, Comparative Analysis of Labor Relations in the Latin American Civil Service: Argentina, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Peru. The report includes the theoretical framework, the results of the study, and contains conclusions for consideration for a "labor relations development index." This document was commissioned by the Public Management and Transparency Network of the Regional Policy Dialogue for the 2nd Hemispheric Meeting celebrated on April 4th a...

  14. Civil Preparedness: Government Propaganda

    OpenAIRE

    Grieve, Victoria

    2016-01-01

    The United States government used civil defense theater as a means to distract the U.S. public from the dangers of atomic weapons and the build up and testing of its nuclear stockpile. When defense theater failed, the government sought out other events as a means to continue the distraction.

  15. Reconceptualizing Civil Regulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Galang, Roberto Martin; Castello, Itziar

    2011-01-01

    and environmental standards; but also that local, small and medium companies play a key role in the development of Asian civil regulation. We call this second finding the “CSR importation trap”. Our findings are supported by evidence on the limitations in the interchangeable properties of business and governments...

  16. Creative Ventures: Ancient Civilizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stark, Rebecca

    The open-ended activities in this book are designed to extend the imagination and creativity of students and encourage students to examine their feelings and values about historic eras. Civilizations addressed include ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome, Mayan, Stonehenge, and Mesopotamia. The activities focus upon the cognitive and affective pupil…

  17. European Civilization. Teacher's Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leppert, Ella C.; Halac, Dennis

    The instructional materials in this teaching guide for Course II, Unit IV, follow and build upon a previous sequential course described in SO 003 169 offering ninth grade students a study on the development of Western European Civilization. Focus is upon four periods of high development: The High Middle Ages (12th Century), The Renaissance (15th…

  18. For a strong international public service

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2012-01-01

    The importance of international organizations in Europe The numerous international and European organizations based in Europe employ together many tens of thousands of international and European civil servants. The members of personnel of these organizations are subject to various legal regimes and have to appeal against administrative decisions before different administrative tribunals (e.g., ILOAT, UNAT, EUCST, OECDAT). CERN being one of the larger European organizations, it is important that we stay abreast of the latest developments in this area. Therefore, the Staff Association sent two representatives to a colloquium “New developments in the legal protection of international and European civil servants”, held in Luxembourg the 1st and 2nd of April 2011.  This is not the place to review in detail the different aspects of the recent evolution in the various legal systems, which were presented there (the proceedings can be consulted in the Secretariat of the Staff Associatio...

  19. Logic Decision Process for Equipment After-sale Technical Service under the Circumstance of Military-civil Integration%军民融合背景下装备售后技术服务的逻辑决断流程

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李欣癑; 贾云献; 黄静; 邹效

    2015-01-01

    借鉴外军装备技术服务研究成果,立足我军现有保障体制,梳理了军民融合背景下装备售后技术服务的内涵,分析了装备售后技术服务模式的类型,明确了装备售后技术服务策略构成,提出了系统级和业务级装备售后技术服务逻辑决断流程,为开展军民融合条件下装备售后技术服务提供理论指导和技术支持。%The connotation of the equipment after-sale technical service under the circumstance of militar-y-civil integration is studied based on the support mechanism of our army and using the foreign technical service researches for reference.Then the classifications of the equipment after-sale technical service modes are analyzed and equipment after-sale technical service strategies are explicated.At last,based on the above results,the system-level and business-level equipment after-sale technical service logic decision processes are proposed,which could provide theoretic guidance and technical support for the equipment after-sale technical service under the condition of military-civil integration.

  20. Exploring Civilizations with 'Seven Wolves'

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Jie

    2007-01-01

    @@ Beijing - A farewell party for the CCTV (China Central Television) crew 'Road to Civilizations-Global Exploration Tour of World Major Civilizations' - the world's first TV series documenting the journey of exploring the 12 civilizations in the human world, was sponsored by Fujian Septwolves Industry Co., Ltd and held at the Beijing Landmark hotel on 16 January.

  1. 77 FR 70710 - Civil Penalties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-27

    ... civil penalty policy when determining the appropriate civil penalty amount. See 62 FR 37115 (July 10... action is taken pursuant to the Federal Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, as..., adjust penalties based on inflation at least every four years. DATES: This rule is effective December...

  2. 75 FR 5244 - Civil Penalties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-02

    ...) entitled ``Civil Penalties'' which proposed the adjustment of certain civil penalties for inflation. 74 FR.... See 62 FR 37115 (July 10, 1997) (NHTSA's civil penalty policy under the Small Business Regulatory... Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, as amended by the Debt Collection Improvement Act...

  3. El principio ne bis in idem en Europa : el tribunal de justicia y los derechos fundamentales en el espacio judicial europeo

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vervaele, J.A.E.

    2005-01-01

    Durante años el Tribunal de Justicia de las Comunidades Europeas (TJCE) ha elaborado una serie completa de principios generales del Derecho comunitario, también en el área del Derecho penal y del Derecho procesal penal. Con la entrada en vigor de la cooperación en los ámbitos de la Justicia y de los

  4. El principio ne bis in idem en Europa. El Tribunal de Justicia y los derechos fundamentales en el espacio judicial europeo, IUSTEL

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vervaele, J.A.E.

    2004-01-01

    Durante años el Tribunal de Justicia de las Comunidades Europeas (TJCE) ha elaborado una serie completa de principios generales del Derecho comunitario, también en el área del Derecho penal y del Derecho procesal penal. Con la entrada en vigor de la cooperación en los ámbitos de la Justicia y de los

  5. The Limitation of Western Civilization And the Revival of Oriental Civilization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Su; Hao

    2014-01-01

    <正>In the distribution of modem world civilizations,the Oriental civilization and Western civilization are the two major civilization systems.Western civilization is often represented by the Christian civilization in Europe and North America on both sides across the North Atlantic.Oriental civilization appears more diversified,among which the Chinese civilization,India civilization and Islamic civilization are the most influential

  6. Research on the Scale Based on Customer Perspective for Assessing e-Service Quality——A Case Study of the Civil Aviation Industry%基于顾客视角的e-服务质量评价模型研究——以民航业为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱佳; 毛瑛

    2015-01-01

    以民航业为分析背景 ,基于电子服务特点的系统分析 ,从顾客视角修正、补充经典服务评价模型的维度及题项.通过问卷实证分析 ,验证了新增维度的效度和信度 ,并构建航空公司电子服务质量评价模型 ,为服务企业改进电子服务质量的提供理论依据.%Based on the customer perspective and civil aviation ,this paper systematically analyzes the charac-teristics of e-service ,updates and improves the dimensions and items of the classic service evaluation mod-el ,verifies the validity of the new dimension and the reliability ,and establishes a new model to evaluate civ-il aviation e-service quality through empirical analysis .In the light of the analysis conclusion ,the paper puts forward the strategies and advices to the service enterprises for improving the electronic service quality .

  7. Galactic-scale civilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuiper, T. B. H.

    1980-01-01

    Evolutionary arguments are presented in favor of the existence of civilization on a galactic scale. Patterns of physical, chemical, biological, social and cultural evolution leading to increasing levels of complexity are pointed out and explained thermodynamically in terms of the maximization of free energy dissipation in the environment of the organized system. The possibility of the evolution of a global and then a galactic human civilization is considered, and probabilities that the galaxy is presently in its colonization state and that life could have evolved to its present state on earth are discussed. Fermi's paradox of the absence of extraterrestrials in light of the probability of their existence is noted, and a variety of possible explanations is indicated. Finally, it is argued that although mankind may be the first occurrence of intelligence in the galaxy, it is unjustified to presume that this is so.

  8. Transnationalising Civil Society?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Martin Bak

    The paper takes a transnational perspective on developing an analytical framework for understanding how transnationalism interacts with civil society and how immigrant organisations use transnational strategies to challenge the pre-given positions of immigrants within given integration- and citiz......The paper takes a transnational perspective on developing an analytical framework for understanding how transnationalism interacts with civil society and how immigrant organisations use transnational strategies to challenge the pre-given positions of immigrants within given integration...... degree, what kind of groups and which types of aims are pursued via these channels and this type of engagement. The paper ends with some preliminary empirical findings of transnational engagement and organisation among Alevis and (Turkish) Assyrians in Denmark, Sweden, and Germany....

  9. Insolvencias. Civil y societaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Bordes Leone

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El deudor civil que, para substraerse al pago de sus obligaciones, ocultara sus bienes, simulara enajenaciones o créditos, se trasladara al extranjero o se ocultare sin dejar persona que lo represente, o bienes a la vista en cantidad suficiente para responder al pago de sus deudas, será castigado con pena de tres meses de prisión a tres años de penitenciaría. La acción penal no podrá ser ejercitada sino a denuncia de parte, y sólo en el caso de que la insolvencia del deudor resulte comprobada por actos infructuosos de ejecución en la vía civil.Antecedentes históricas. La insolvencia fraudulenta. Insolvencia societaria fraudulenta: Análisis crítico.

  10. Civil Servants’ Salary Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Bilquees, Faiz

    2006-01-01

    The paper looks at the trends in nominal and real salaries of the Federal Government employees over the period 1990-2006. It examines the structural defects in the existing salary structure and the anomalies in the allowances structure to show that appropriate remuneration for the civil servants requires serious and urgent consideration. The widening gap in the emoluments of government employees versus the public sector corporations and private sector employees has a strong bearing on the mot...

  11. Research on Ecological Civilization Evaluation Index System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Ecological civilization, which refers to the harmonious development of man and the nature, has the connotation of the ecological material civilization, ecological consciousness civilization, ecological institutional civilization and ecological behavior civilization. The research on ecological civilization evaluation index system is important in that it can provide the guidance for the construction of ecological civilization, and besides it can improve public recognition of the importance of ecological civil...

  12. El control represivo concreto y abstracto de inconstitucionalidad de leyes en la reforma constitucional 2005 de las competencias del Tribunal Constitucional y los efectos de sus sentencias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humberto Nogueira Alcalá

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available 1. La reforma constitucional y nuevas modalidades de control de constitucionalidad 1.1 El juicio incidental de inconstitucionalidad de preceptos legales ante el tribunal constitucional 1.2 El control reparador, abstracto, con efecto erga omnes de inconstitucionalidad practicado de oficio por el tribunal constitucional 2. Las sentencias del tribunal constitucional y sus efectos 2.1 Las sentencias estimatorias o desestimatorias de inconstitucionalidad 2.2 Los efectos de las sentencias de los tribunales constitucionales en el tiempo a. Los efectos ex tunc de las sentencias b. Los efectos ex nunc de las sentencias c. Los efectos ex tunc o ex nunc de las sentencias en los tribunales constitucionales latinoamericanos d. Los efectos prospectivos de las sentencias e. Consideraciones sobre los efectos de las sentencias en el tiempo y efectos de la sentencia constitucional en Chile con la reforma 2005 3. La necesaria regulación de la ley orgánica constitucional del tribunal constitucional de materias complementarias sobre las que no existe pronunciamiento constitucional 3.1 Los efectos de cosa juzgada absoluta, relativa o aparente de las sentencias del tribunal constitucional 3.2 La cosa juzgada formal y material 3.3 Cosa juzgada y jurisdicción supranacional 3.4 El efecto vinculante de las sentencias constitucionales para los tribunales ordinarios y especiales 3.5 El valor vinculante de la parte dispositiva de la sentencia y el valor jurídico de los considerandos, parte motiva, ratio decidendi o tragende gronde 4. Consideraciones finales

  13. RECRUITMENT AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF CIVIL SERVANTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roxana Cristina RADU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available An ever increasing feature of public office is the way in which the recruitment and training of civil servants are controlled by legislation. Civil servants are a basic component of public administration but they are also important for labor law because civil service relations have the characteristics of an employment relationship and also specific features resulting from the rules of public law. The relevant expression of the interferences between public and private law for civil servants is recruitment and training. The originality of this article lies in the multidisciplinary character, combining elements of labor law, administrative law and human resources management, character reflected in the bibliography used. Another merit of this study is that the authors correlated the provisions of various laws: Constitution, Labor Code, Law no. 161/2003 on the transparency in exercising public dignities and public functions, Government Ordinance no. 137/2000 regarding the prevention and sanction of all discrimination forms, Government Ordinance no. 129/2000 concerning adults’ professional training.

  14. El tratamiento de datos personales por buscadores de Internet tras la sentencia Google Spain del Tribunal de Justicia

    OpenAIRE

    De Miguel Asensio, Pedro Alberto

    2014-01-01

    Al hilo de la reciente jurisprudencia del Tribunal de Justicia, se aborda el ámbito de aplicación espacial de la legislación europea sobre protección de datos personales, con especial referencia al sometimiento del editor del motor de búsqueda –Google Inc- a la legislación española de protección de datos. También se analizan la caracterización del gestor del motor de búsqueda como responsable del tratamiento, así como las obligaciones del motor de búsqueda y la interacción con la posición de ...

  15. The doctrine of joint criminal action in the ad hoc tribunals and its scope in the Rome Statute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miren Odriozola-Gurrutxaga

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The first judgment of the International Criminal Court has confirmed that article 25 (3 of the Rome Statute adopts the theory of control of the act to distinguish between principals and accessories. On the contrary, since 2003, the ad hoc tribunals’ case law bases the notion of co-perpetration on the Joint Criminal Enterprise doctrine, using a subjective criterion approach. In this article we will first analyze the problems raised by that case law of the ad hoc tribunals, and then, we will study the article of the Rome Statute which apparently most resembles the Joint Criminal Enterprise doctrine: article 25 (3 (d. The article concludes that none of the three categories of that doctrine is included in the said provision.

  16. THE KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT FOR BEST PRACTICES SHARING IN A DATABASE AT THE TRIBUNAL REGIONAL FEDERAL DA PRIMEIRA REGIÃO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Mazo Santos de Miranda

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available A quick, effective and powerful alternative for knowledge management is the systematic sharing of best practices. This study identified in the literature recommendations for structuring a best practices database and summarized the benefits of its deployment to the Tribunal Regional Federal da Primeira Região TRF - 1ª Região. A It was conducted a quantitative research was then carried out, with the distribuition of where questionnaires were distributed to federal judges of the TRF- 1ª Região, which was divided into 4 parts: magistrate profile, flow of knowledge / information, internal environment, organizational facilitator. As a result, we identified the need to have a best practices database in the Institution for the organizational knowledge identification, transfer and sharing. The conclusion presents recommendations for the development of the database and highlights its importance for knowledge management in an organization.

  17. B 150 civil engineering futures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foreword B150 –Civil Engineering Futures consists of interviews made, articles written, and projects presented in connection with the 150th anniversary celebrations of the study of civil engineering in Denmark. Instead of a historical retrospect, it was decided to look into the future. What...... challenges will the next 150 years bring civil engineers? Researchers and lecturers at DTU’s Department of Civil Engineering (known as DTU Byg) suggested possible events, and we also consulted civil engineers and their business partners in the building industry. In this way, a programme was put together...... theme in twentieth century architecture. Together, civil engineer Peter Rice and architect Ian Ritchie created a paradigm shift with their revolutionary ideas for glass facades supported by cables. Glued and bolted constructions made entirely of glass are now a reality in small-scale projects, yet...

  18. [Civil hospital of Zamora de Hidalgo].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez de Lara, José Luis

    2015-01-01

    The city of Zamora de Hidalgo is home to one of the most important hospitals in the region, built in 1841 and named the Civil Hospital of Zamora. Built following demand for municipal health needs and with the support of the City Council of Zamora and private donations, it functioned as a hostel for pilgrims, the destitute and the sick. It was administered and maintained by residents, subsequently by the mothers of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, and finally by the federal Government. It currently gives the Zamorano community services, and admits sick people from other locations such as Jacona, Jiquilpan, Patamban Ocumicho, Chavinda, Tangancicuaro, Chilchota, and Tangamandapio, among others. It was called the Civil hospital because as the only hospital that operated in Zamora, it ceased to be administered by the Ecclesiastic Chapter, and passed into the hands of the State. PMID:25739493

  19. El acceso a los cargos y funciones públicas. La fiscalización jurisdiccional del nombramiento del Fiscal General del Estado: La Sentencia del Tribunal Supremo de 28 de junio de 1994

    OpenAIRE

    Palomar Olmeda, Alberto

    1995-01-01

    SUMARIO: I. Punto de partida: El sistema legal de nombramiento del Fiscal General del Estado.- II. Análisis de la Sentencia del Tribunal Supremo de 28 de junio de 1994. 1. La naturaleza jurídica del acto impugnado y su control jurisdiccional. 2. La legitimación de los demandantes. 3. La interpretación del Tribunal Supremo del concepto «servicios efectivos».- III. A modo de primeras conclusiones.

  20. 基于胜任力的测查式公务员培训新探——以湖北省省直机关处级公务员为例%A New Exploration of Civil Service Training System Based on Competency Test --taking the director -level civil servants of provincial government in Hubei as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈芳; 李铁斌

    2012-01-01

    本研究以湖北省省直机关处级公务员为例,探索构建以胜任力为导向的测查式公务员培训模式。本文运用胜任力理论和素质测评技术,构建省直机关处级公务员胜任力模型,依据胜任力指标对处级公务员能力现状进行测查和分析,探求其实际能力与岗位胜任力之间的差距,在突出科学测查环节基础上确定培训需求,设计多样化的培训方案,以提升公务员胜任力水平从而提升其工作绩效。%The paper explores and constructs testing model of civil servants'training by taking the director -level civil servants of the provincial government in Hubei as an example. The research constructs the competency model of the director - level civil servants based on the theory of competency and quality assessment technology. It also explores the gap between their actual abilities and competency required at their posts, which is tested and analyzed by competency indicators and required at their posts. At last, it identifies the training requirements and designs the diversified training plans based on scientific testing so as to enhance the competence of civil servants and their performance.

  1. Criminal law repercussions on the Civil Protection System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altamura, M.; Musso, L.

    2009-09-01

    The legal systems of our Countries provide the citizenship with a high level of protection. Personal safety and the protection of property are guaranteed by the State through organized structures among which we can include the Civil Protection. The progress of science and technology has greatly improved monitoring tools, currently used by the Civil Protection, which allow, to a certain extent, to predict and prevent risk and natural hazards. The assertion of an individual right, which in some cases has reached a constitutional rank, to benefit from Civil Protection services and the widespread perception throughout the citizenship of the competence of the system to prevent disasters, often causes people to take legal action against Civil Protection authorities should they fail in their duties to protect. However, the attempt of having both recognized an economic compensation for the suffered loss and the punishment of those whom misled, frequently undergoes criminal law. This process could have results that may jeopardize the effectiveness of Civil Protection service without meeting citizens’ demands. A dual effort is thus necessary in order to solve such a problem. On the one hand, an interdisciplinary knowledge needs to pervade criminal law in an attempt to relieve its self-referentiality and pretended supremacy. On the other hand an alternative, and more agile, system -such as civil or administrative law- has to be identified in order to respond to the legitimate requests for protection in the case of a faulty behaviour of the authorities.

  2. La creación de un Tribunal de Justicia en el Mercado Común del Sur (Mercosur y sus competencias: regímenes de derecho comparado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belter Garré Copello

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Los diferentes prorcesos de integración económica que se desarrollaron en América Latina se han caracterizado hasta el presente por la ausencia de. un tribunal de justicia que actúe en la solución de controversias que surjan entre las partes, en el control de la legalidad de las decisionse de los órganos de los mecanismos de integración, y en la interpretación uniforme del derecho comunitario así como otras competencias de orden jurisdic.cional o consultivo relativas a cada uno de dichos ordenamientos jurídicos. (...Contenido: Introducción. Los regímenes comunitarios en el derecho comparado. Clasificación de las competencias del Tribunal de Justicia de las comunidades europeas y recursos que se comprenden en cada grupo de las mismas. Análisis de los diferentes recursos y facultades del Tribunal de la CEE. Análisis de las competencias del Tribunal Andino. Las diferencias entre el Tribunal Comunitario Europeo y el Tribunal Andino

  3. School of administration at the provincial level I of the role of library in the civil service training%省级行政学院图书馆在公务员培训中的作用之我见

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张汉平

    2013-01-01

    针对省级行政学院在培训公务员过程中,很少发挥图书馆的作用的现实,笔者提出力争学院重视、加强基础建设、创新服务模式、改善服务手段、集约馆教合力、开放合作联盟等多项措施,从而使省级行政学院图书馆在公务员培训中发挥应有的作用。%in view of the school of administration in the process of training of civil servants at the provincial level, rarely play to the role of the library of the reality, the author puts forward to col ege at aches great importance to the service mode, strengthening infrastructure construction, innovation, improving service means, intensive teaching force, several measures such as open al iance, so that the provincial administrative col ege library should play role in the civil service training.

  4. Will Overseas Training Benefit China’s Civil Servants?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    BEIJING’S Dongcheng District recently announced a 20-year official training program for its civil servants.The staffers will carry out temporary service in multinational companies,international organizations and in the governmental sectors of the United States and other developed countries.The annual budget for the temporary overseas civil service program is estimated at 50 million yuan($7.5 million). Dongcheng District officials said working abroad had proved to be more effective than schooling in foreign countries in boosting officials’

  5. 22 CFR 1508.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Civil judgment. 1508.920 Section 1508.920...) Definitions § 1508.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of... creates a civil liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...

  6. 22 CFR 208.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Civil judgment. 208.920 Section 208.920 Foreign...) Definitions § 208.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of... creates a civil liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...

  7. 22 CFR 1006.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Civil judgment. 1006.920 Section 1006.920...) Definitions § 1006.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of... creates a civil liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...

  8. 21 CFR 1404.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Civil judgment. 1404.920 Section 1404.920 Food and...) Definitions § 1404.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of... creates a civil liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...

  9. 2 CFR 180.915 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil judgment. 180.915 Section 180.915... § 180.915 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of... creates a civil liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...

  10. Proposal for the increase of the contract amounts for LHC civil engineering construction and civil engineering consultancy contracts

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    This document concerns the increase of the contract amounts for LHC civil engineering construction contracts and civil engineering consultancy contracts. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the increase of the contract amounts with: - the joint venture TEERAG-ASDAG (AT), C. BARESEL (DE) and LOCHER (CH) for civil engineering construction, package 1, for a revised total amount of 91 500 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision; - the joint venture EDF (FR) and KNIGHT&PIESOLD (GB) for the provision of civil engineering consultancy services, package 1, for a revised total amount of 14 400 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision; - the joint venture TAYLOR WOODROW (GB), AMEC (GB) and SPIE BATIGNOLLES (FR) for civil engineering construction, package 3a, for a revised total amount of 118 000 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision; - the joint venture BROWN&ROOT (GB), INTECSA (ES) and HIDROTECNICA (PT) for the provision of civil engineering consultancy services, package 3, for a revised total amount of 14 ...

  11. [Justice concern, perceived procedural justice, and subjective validity of the results in the labor tribunal system in Japan: A comparison of parties between labors and employers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imazai, Kei-Ichiro

    2015-06-01

    The labor tribunal system, which is a form of alternative dispute resolution rather than a type of lawsuit, requires both parties' agreements to settle disputes and maintains a high settlement rate. As most of parties involved in the system are said to expect that labor problems should be settled fairly, it is assumed that they will readily accept the results of fair procedures. However, it seems that laborers who submit claims for compensation have a different concept of justice than employers or company employees in charge of settlements and this determines the attitudes toward the results. This study conducted a survey of participants in the labor tribunal system, and suggest that laborers attribute the validity of this system's results directly to judges, while company representatives attribute it to the procedure conducted by the judges. PMID:26182487

  12. The rivers of civilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macklin, Mark G.; Lewin, John

    2015-04-01

    The hydromorphic regimes that underpinned Old World river-based civilizations are reviewed in light of recent research. Notable Holocene climatic changes varied from region to region, whilst the dynamics of floodplain environments were equally diverse, with river channel changes significantly affecting human settlement. There were longer-term trends in Holocene hydroclimate and multi-centennial length 'flood-rich' and 'flood-poor' episodes. These impacted on five identified flooding and settlement scenarios: (i) alluvial fans and aprons; (ii) laterally mobile rivers; (iii) rivers with well-developed levees and flood basins; (iv) river systems characterised by avulsions and floodouts; and (v) large river-fed wetlands. This gave a range of changes that were either more or less regular or incremental from year-to-year (and thus potentially manageable) or catastrophic. The latter might be sudden during a flood event or a few seasons (acute), or over longer periods extending over many decades or even centuries (chronic). The geomorphic and environmental impacts of these events on riparian societies were very often irreversible. Contrasts are made between allogenic and autogenic mechanism for imposing environmental stress on riverine communities and a distinction is made between channel avulsion and contraction responses. Floods, droughts and river channel changes can precondition as well as trigger environmental crises and societal collapse. The Nile system currently offers the best set of independently dated Holocene fluvial and archaeological records, and the contrasted effects of changing hydromorphological regimes on floodwater farming are examined. The persistence of civilizations depended essentially on the societies that maintained them, but they were also understandably resilient in some environments (Pharaonic Egypt in the Egyptian Nile), appear to have had more limited windows of opportunity in others (the Kerma Kingdom in the Nubian Nile), or required

  13. Environmental Ethics and Civil Engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vesilind, P. Aarne

    1987-01-01

    Traces the development of the civil engineering code of ethics. Points out that the code does have an enforceable provision that addresses the engineer's responsibility toward the environment. Suggests revisions to the code to accommodate the environmental impacts of civil engineering. (TW)

  14. Civil Engineering Technology Needs Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oakland Community Coll., Farmington, MI. Office of Institutional Planning and Analysis.

    In 1991, a study was conducted by Oakland Community College (OCC) to evaluate the need for a proposed Civil Engineering Technology program. An initial examination of the literature focused on industry needs and the job market for civil engineering technicians. In order to gather information on local area employers' hiring practices and needs, a…

  15. Codificación civil

    OpenAIRE

    Verdera Server, Rafael

    2012-01-01

    Conferencias sobre la codificación civil: aspectos históricos (R. Aznar) y jurídicos (J.M. Badenas)Actividad complementaria de los Departamentos de Historia del Derecho y Derecho Civil.Grado en Derecho

  16. 75 FR 79978 - Civil Penalties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-21

    ... Enforcement Fairness Act (SBREFA). See 62 FR 37115 (July 10, 1997). As a matter of policy, we intend to... the Federal Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, as amended by the Debt Collection... Federal Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (28 U.S.C. 2461, Notes, Pub. L. 101-...

  17. 77 FR 55175 - Civil Penalties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-07

    ... policy when determining the appropriate civil penalty amount. See 62 FR 37115 (July 10, 1997) (NHTSA's... susceptibility requirements. This action would be taken pursuant to the Federal Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation... Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (28 U.S.C. 2461 Notes, Pub. L. 101- 410), as amended...

  18. Civil engineering experiences in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Aguiar, J. L. Barroso de

    2009-01-01

    The good cooperation established between Universities, Laboratory National of Civil Engineering and private companies made possible the execution of a considerable number of civil engineering works by Portugueses, inside and outside the country. Some good examples are presented in this paper.

  19. Civil And Arbitration Proceedings Unification In Russia: Relevance, Problems, Prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ksenia M. Belikova

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In the present article authors, by analyzing provisions of the applicable civil and arbitration codes of Russia (hereinafter - the Code of Civil Procedure and the Code of Arbitration Procedure of the Russian Federation justify the relevance of the procedural reform and indicate its future prospects. Considerable attention is paid to the recently adopted Concept of a Code of Civil Procedure of the Russian Federation (hereinafter - the Concept. According to the author's position, now the creation and adoption of a united Code of Civil Procedure is not only relevant, but necessary phenomenon. In connection with this, the subject of analysis of the proposed concept is improved procedure for handling the application for disqualification of a judge, in comparison with the similar provisions of the existing Code of Civil Procedure and of the Code of Arbitration Procedure stand out its advantages. In addition, authors focus on other existing problems of legal regulation of various issues in the current Code of Civil Procedure and of the Code of Arbitration Procedure. Thus, in the view of the author in this article falls consideration of the problems associated with the absentee in civil proceedings, as well as the sole consideration (some provided by the Code of Civil Procedure, and the cases of the Code of Arbitration Procedure appeal against the decision of the trial court. The article also contains a disagreement with the position of the proposed by the concept for the recovery of legal costs for the services of their representatives to the proof in full and invited author's position on this issue. In addition to the analysis of the issues authors also offer some options for their solutions. At the end of the article authors make conclusions regarding the relevance of the Concept, its strengths and weaknesses in the regulation of the studied issues and the prospects of unification of civil and arbitration proceedings in Russia.

  20. 2007—2011年三大主流旅游期刊文献分析%Documentary Analysis of 3 Mainstream Tourism Journals from 2007 to 2011 : on Papers in Tourism Tribune, Tourism Science and Tourism Forum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛幸; 姚国荣

    2012-01-01

    Tourism Tribune, Tourism Science and Tourism Forum are three mainstream tourism journals in our country. This paper reviews the three journals about the tourism research progress in the past five years, analyzes the authors' district distribution and units, their research contents and methods, and finds that in the three journals two aspects are studied more than others, that is, tourism problems and methods, and hospitality industry; Tourism Forum lays emphasis on tourism education and talents cultivation, while Tourism Tribune pays more attention to the basic theory of the problems discussed; qualitative research methods account for the largest proportion in all the three periodicals, while other methods are used less; the authors in Tourism Tribune are largely from developed areas, while most of the authors of Tourism Science and Tourism Forum are from Shanghai and Guangxi respectively, which reflects their characteristic of local service; most of the authors in the th.ree journals work in higher learning institutions or its research institutions.%《旅游学报》、《旅游科学》和《旅游论坛》是我国旅游研究三大主流期刊。基于5年来这三种期刊关于旅游研究进展,对载文数量的时间分布、载文作者的地域分布、论文作者单位、研究内容和研究方法作统计分析。研究发现,旅游研究问题和方法及接待业的研究是三种期刊研究最多的内容,《旅游论坛》偏重于旅游教育和人才培养,《旅游学刊》更注重基础理论问题的探讨;三种期刊均是定性研究方法所占比例最:赶.其他方法的运用较少;《旅游学刊》载文作者所处地域在经济发达地区占绝大部分,《旅游科学》和《旅游论坛:》载文作者所属地域分布最多的分别是上海和广西,体现了服务地方的特点;三种期刊载文作者单位最多的都是高等院校及其研究机构。

  1. Reconstructing Sub-Saharan, Mayan, and Other Prehistoric Civilizations in Mathematical Macro-Theory of Civilizations

    CERN Document Server

    Blaha, S

    2003-01-01

    A study of the Great Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan civilization, Mayan civilization and other prehistoric civilizations within the framework of a mathematical macro theory of civilizations. We show these isolated and early civilizations conform to the general mathematical theory of civilizations in detail.

  2. Role of Scientific Education in Civil Protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, D.

    2009-04-01

    Education and training can be considered as fundamental means of professionalising civil protection services. A model of the processes involved is presented and its implications are explored. The fragmentary nature of knowledge and expertise in civil protection is discussed. The traditional structure of scientific endeavour has inhibited the growth of a trans-disciplinary approach well able to solve practical problems in a complex emergency environment. New means of breaking down the barriers between disciplines are required, as are new forms of dialogue between researchers and practitioners. In this context, a template for the standardisation of courses and curricula is presented and evaluated in terms of its positive and negative connotations. The warning process is given as an example of the need to strengthen links between the technical, administrative and social processes at work in civil protection. Sustainable disaster preparedness, a form of resiliency, requires sustained input from the earth science community, but of a kind that is sensitive to the needs, objectives and cultures of the other participants in the process. There is always a need for scientific input into safety and security policy, but one needs to be sure that the policy-making objectives are sound, as scientific results can be used to back up diverse approaches. Hence the moral and ethical aspects of resiliency are fundamentally important to policy formulation and its use of science.

  3. 5 CFR 890.903 - Covered services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES HEALTH BENEFITS PROGRAM Limit on Inpatient Hospital Charges, Physician Charges, and FEHB Benefit... inpatient hospital services apply to inpatient hospital services which are: (1) Covered under both...

  4. Technical Civilizations in the Galaxy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Harry

    2005-01-01

    Are there other technical civilizations in the galaxy? Past analyses come to different conclusions. Cocconi and Morrison demonstrated in 1959 that interstellar radio communication was possible and Drake conducted the first search for beacons in 1960. The Drake equation estimates the number of galactic civilizations that are transmitting beacons as the product of the rate of star formation in the galaxy, the fraction of stars with planets, their average number of earthlike planets, the fraction with intelligent life and interstellar communication, and the average lifetime of a technical civilization. The Drake model of the galaxy contains many technical civilizations with communication but no interstellar travel. Michael Hart in 1975 strongly challenged this model. Starting with the fact that no extraterrestrials have been observed on Earth, and assuming that interstellar colonization is possible, he concluded that it was very likely that we are the first civilization in our galaxy and that searching or beacons is probably a waste of time and money. The Fermi paradox similarly reasons that if extraterrestrials exist: they should be here, and asks, Where are they? The Hart/Fermi model of the galaxy contains only our civilization and suggests we may colonize the galaxy. A third galactic model is that we are alone but will never develop interstellar travel. The fourth alternate model has many technical civilizations, with interstellar travel and colonization. The possibilities are clear and momentous. Either we are the only technical civilization in the galaxy or there are others. Technical civilizations will colonize the galaxy or not. We have four cosmic conjectures - one or many, colonization or not - but however unlikely they seem based on our limited evidence, one of these four models must be collect.

  5. 75 FR 57230 - 340B Drug Pricing Program Manufacturer Civil Monetary Penalties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES 42 CFR Chapter I 340B Drug Pricing Program Manufacturer Civil Monetary Penalties AGENCY... request for comments. SUMMARY: Section 602 of Public Law 102-585, the ``Veterans Health Care Act ] of 1992...) establishing standards for the imposition of sanctions in the form of civil monetary penalties...

  6. 45 CFR 150.301 - General rule regarding the imposition of civil money penalties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... money penalties. 150.301 Section 150.301 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... Enforcement With Respect to Issuers and Non-Federal Governmental Plans-Civil Money Penalties § 150.301 General rule regarding the imposition of civil money penalties. If any health insurance issuer that is...

  7. 78 FR 75304 - Medicare Program; Medicare Secondary Payer and Certain Civil Money Penalties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-11

    ... either the Office of Inspector General (OIG) or CMS (See the October 20, 1994 (58 FR 52967) notice titled...; Medicare Secondary Payer and Certain Civil Money Penalties AGENCY: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services... rulemaking (ANPRM) solicits public comment on specific practices for which civil money penalties (CMPs)...

  8. 42 CFR 422.756 - Procedures for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... civil money penalties. 422.756 Section 422.756 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... Sanctions § 422.756 Procedures for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) Notice of... money penalties—(1) CMS notice to OIG. If CMS determines that an MA organization has failed to...

  9. 42 CFR 422.752 - Basis for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... money penalties. 422.752 Section 422.752 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... Sanctions § 422.752 Basis for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) All... sanctions at 422.750(a)(1) and (a)(3). (c) Civil Money Penalties. (1) CMS. In addition to, or in place...

  10. Support Assistants for Fire Emergencies; Student Manual, Part A. Firefighting for Civil Defense Emergencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Association of Fire Chiefs, New York, NY.

    A manual intended to help fire departments and Civil Defense organizations train people to support regular fire forces during a national emergency is presented. It contains 11 chapters: Introduction, Modern Weapons and Radioactive Fallout, Role of Fire Service in Civil Defense, Local Fire Department Organization, Role of Support Assistants in…

  11. How persistent is civilization growth?

    CERN Document Server

    Garrett, Timothy J

    2011-01-01

    In a recent study (Garrett, 2011), I described theoretical arguments and empirical evidence showing how civilization evolution might be considered from a purely physical basis. One implication is that civilization exhibits the property of persistence in its growth. Here, this argument is elaborated further, and specific near-term forecasts are provided for key economic variables and anthropogenic CO2 emission rates at global scales. Absent some external shock, civilization wealth, energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions will continue to grow exponentially at an average rate of about 2.3% per year.

  12. El trastorno esquizoide de la personalidad en la jurisprudencia penal del Tribunal Supremo español

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Penado

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El trastorno esquizoide de la personalidad se presenta como un patrón de desconexión del sujeto de las relaciones sociales y fundamentalmente interpersonales, con un serio déficit de su capacidad de expresión emocional. El presente artículo analiza la delictología asociada a las personas que padecen el citado trastorno y la repercusión que dicha dolencia tiene a la hora de determinar la imputabilidad del acusado. Una vez analizadas las 26 sentencias emitidas por el Tribunal Supremo a partir de la entrada en vigor del Código Penal, se puede observar cómo el padecimiento de un trastorno esquizoide de la personalidad no es considerado con suficiente entidad como para eximir de responsabilidad penal (eximente completa, pero sí para disminuir dicha responsabilidad con la consideración de una eximente incompleta o una atenuante analógica, en función de si además del citado trastorno se dan otro tipo de circunstancias como la embriaguez o el consumo de drogas.

  13. La Protección de bienes culturales en el Tribunal Penal Internacional para la ex Yugoslavia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Lostal Becerril

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Since the outbreak of the Balkan war, three major events have taken place in what regards the protection of cultural property in armed conflict: the adoption of the Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia which gives this court jurisdiction to try crimes against cultural and religious property; the approval of the Second Protocol to confirm and upgrade the obligations of the "1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict"; and, finally, the "2003 UNESCO Declaration concerning the Intentional Destruction of Cultural Heritage" motivated by the destruction of the Buddhas of Bamiyan in 2001. While the latter two instruments have been exhaustively examined in scholarly literature, no updated study of the ICTY case-law exists yet. In this paper I go through all such cases and underline the following idea: the interpretation of ICTY has given rise to an involution and an evolution vis-à-vis the treaty law for the protection of cultural property in armed conflict; as well as to a doctrinal revolution by linking the destruction of cultural and religious property to the crimes of persecution and genocide. Since the interpretation of the ICTY largely diverges from the treatment afforded to cultural property in treaty law, I conclude that the protection of cultural property in armed conflict has by now a double life: one conventional and one jurisprudential

  14. Ingresos y egresos del tribunal del Santo Oficio de la nueva España en el siglo XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruiz Islas, Alfredo

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available This article informs on the means through which the Inquisition of New Spain obtained the necessary resources and the way in which such resources were disposed of. Through the analysis of archive sources and chosen bibliography a series of tables have been built up showing the income and outcome entries as well as the corresponding amounts and percentages. It is the aim of this work to increase our knowledge of this institution by exploring a little known aspect of the same: that of the economy on which it was run.

    El artículo busca proporcionar información acerca de la manera en que la Inquisición novohispana obtenía en el siglo XVIII los recursos que permitían su correcto funcionamiento y, al tiempo, la forma en que los mismos se distribuían. Mediante el análisis de los datos contenidos en documentos de archivo, y en la bibliografía apropiada, se confeccionaron una serie de tablas que presentan los rubros que componían al ingreso y al egreso del Tribunal, así como sus montos y porcentajes, de los cuales sólo se incluye un par por razones de espacio. El objetivo es enriquecer el conocimiento existente sobre el Santo Oficio, explorando su vertiente menos conocida: la económica.

  15. 78 FR 26545 - Consumer Financial Civil Penalty Fund

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-07

    ... under Federal consumer financial laws. Under the Act, funds in the Civil Penalty Fund may be used for... services under the Federal consumer financial laws. Public Law 111- 203, section 1011(a) (2010), codified... Federal consumer financial laws through judicial actions and administrative adjudication proceedings. 12...

  16. TREE et INTRANSNET : deux projets européens et un réseau commun de recherche au service de la géotechnique, du génie civil et des transports

    OpenAIRE

    Maldonado, A.; Garnier, J.; Kovarik, K.; BUJNAK, J

    2003-01-01

    Le LCPC (F) et l'Université de ILINA(SK) managent les projets TREE (Transport Research for Equipment in Europe) et INTRANSNET (Network of European Medium and Large Scale Research Facilities Operators). Ces réseaux regroupent les équipes en charge des grands équipements de recherche du génie civil et des transports. Elles portent une attention particulière à la mesure, au lois de comportement des matériaux, et à l'étude des risques en géotechnique. The LCPC (F) and the University of ILINA(S...

  17. Principiul dreptului la un proces echitabil, în termen optim şi previzibil, potrivit Noului Cod de Procedură Civilă şi contenciosului administrativ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea TABACU

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The New Civil Procedure Code, inspired from article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights, provides that everyone is entitled to a fair hearing within a reasonable time by an independent and impartial tribunal established by law and the court should provide against the breach of this principle by taking all legal actions. In case of legal proceeding, a part of the administrative relations between the authority and the legal or natural persons are also under the force of this principle. The European Court’s jurisprudence determines the field of this principle by the definition of the notion ‘civil’. In order to ensure the celerity of the administrative proceedings the New Civil Procedure Code provides the possibility of the parties to stand before the court requiring the protraction of the trial.

  18. Teaching Mathematics to Civil Engineers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharp, J. J.; Moore, E.

    1977-01-01

    This paper outlines a technique for teaching a rigorous course in calculus and differential equations which stresses applicability of the mathematics to problems in civil engineering. The method involves integration of subject matter and team teaching. (SD)

  19. Special issue on non-destructive testing in civil engineering

    OpenAIRE

    DEROBERT, Xavier; Abraham, Odile; Wiggenhauser, H.

    2012-01-01

    This special issue of the Journal of Infrastructure Systems aims to provide an overview on advances of advanced Non Destructive Testing applied to civil engineering structures. Indeed we are at a stage where a substantial part of the infrastructure is entering a critical age. Dams, bridges, tunnels, pavements, nuclear power plants, etc. require sustainable maintenance to qualify for extension of their service life in good condition and safely with appropriate service level. NDT methods hav...

  20. Civil liability on nuclear activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The civil liability theory in the actual context is shown in the first and second part of this thesis, including some considerations about concepts and types of liability in dangerous and not dangerous activities. In the third part, the legal aspects of civil liability for the nuclear activities are analyzed, with a brief description of the history evolution, standard systems, inspection corporation and juridical regulation. (C.G.C.). 239 refs

  1. Communication Needs of Thai Civil Engineering Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaewpet, Chamnong

    2009-01-01

    This article reports on an examination of the communication needs of a group of Thai civil engineering students. Twenty-five stakeholders helped identify the communication needs of the students by participating in individual interviews. These included employers, civil engineers, civil engineering lecturers, ex-civil engineering students of the…

  2. 7 CFR 3017.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil judgment. 3017.920 Section 3017.920 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 3017.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of competent jurisdiction,...

  3. 31 CFR 19.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil judgment. 19.920 Section 19.920... SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 19.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of competent jurisdiction, whether by verdict, decision,...

  4. 30 CFR 903.845 - Civil penalties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil penalties. 903.845 Section 903.845... PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE ARIZONA § 903.845 Civil penalties. Part 845 of this chapter, Civil Penalties, applies to the assessment of civil penalties for...

  5. 29 CFR 1471.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil judgment. 1471.920 Section 1471.920 Labor Regulations... SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1471.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of competent jurisdiction, whether by verdict, decision,...

  6. 29 CFR 98.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Civil judgment. 98.920 Section 98.920 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 98.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of competent...

  7. Space civil engineering - A new discipline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadeh, Willy Z.; Criswell, Marvin E.

    1991-01-01

    Space Civil Engineering is an emerging engineering discipline that focuses on extending and expanding the Civil Engineering know-how and practice to the development and maintenance of infrastructure on celestial bodies. Space Civil Engineering is presently being developed as a new discipline within the Department of Civil Engineering at Colorado State University under a recently established NASA Space Grant College Program. Academic programs geared toward creating Space Civil Engineering Options at both undergraduate and graduate levels are being formulated. Basic ideas and concepts of the curriculum in the Space Civil Engineering Option at both undergraduate and graduate levels are presented. The role of Space Civil Engineering in the Space Program is discussed.

  8. Perspectives on Unmanned Aircraft Classification for Civil Airworthiness Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maddalon, Jeffrey M.; Hayhurst, Kelly J.; Koppen, Daniel M.; Upchurch, Jason M.; Morris, A. Terry; Verstynen, Harry A.

    2013-01-01

    The use of unmanned aircraft in the National Airspace System (NAS) has been characterized as the next great step forward in the evolution of civil aviation. Although use of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) in military and public service operations is proliferating, civil use of UAS remains limited in the United States today. This report focuses on one particular regulatory challenge: classifying UAS to assign airworthiness standards. This paper provides observations related to how the current regulations for classifying manned aircraft could apply to UAS.

  9. Ethical Aspects in the Activity of Civil Servants. Case Study Romania

    OpenAIRE

    Ani MATEI; Popa, Florin

    2010-01-01

    Preventing corruption and improving the public service management are the main goals of the promotion of ethical standards for the civil servants. Several governments have revised their policies regarding the ethical conduct in the public service, implying both the corruption issue and the decline of trust in the public administration. In Dwight Waldo’s theory, the civil servants must take into account twelve obligations before: Constitution, law, the nation and the country, democracy...

  10. El Tribunal de la Inquisición de Valladolid y el control de las ideas en la España del siglo XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel de PRADO MOURA

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El tribunal inquisitorial de Valladolid, al igual que el resto de los tribunales que formaban el Santo Oficio español, mostró durante el siglo XVIII una especial preocupación por el control de las ideas, particularmente aquellas que quedaban reflejadas en obras manuscritas e impresas. Los inquisidores vallisoletanos se esforzaron para evitar que en su distrito penetraran las obras que tanto éxito estaban teniendo fuera de nuestras fronteras, pero la existencia de una fuerte demanda, probablemente por ubicarse en él las universidades de Valladolid y Salamanca, hizo que la censura no fuera tan eficaz como ellos hubieran querido. Tal como queda reflejado en este artículo, no se impidió, pero sí se dificultó la difusión de libros total o parcialmente prohibidos.ABSTRACT: The Tribunal of the Inquisition of Valladolid —similarly to the rest of the tribunals of the Spanish Holy Office— showed a special concern for the control of ideas, mostly those ideas expressed in manuscript and printed works. The Inquisitors of Valladolid took pains to avoid the entrance of texts that were succesful abroad, but the existence of an important demand —probably due to the foundation of the Universities of Valladolid and Salamanca— decreased the efficiency of the censorship they wanted to impose. This paper intends to show that the reading and commerce of completely or partially forbidden books was not prevented, but it was certainly hindered.

  11. 5 CFR 185.108 - Service of complaint.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Service of complaint. 185.108 Section 185.108 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.108 Service of complaint. (a) Service of a complaint must be made by certified...

  12. Homosexualidad y Constitución (Comentario a propósito de la sentencia del Tribunal Constitucional peruano de 24 de noviembre de 2004)

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Rey Martínez

    2014-01-01

    1. La emergencia y centralidad del problema relativo al lugar constitucional de la homosexualidad 2. La homosexualidad en el derecho europeo 2.1 La homosexualidad ante el tribunal europeo de derechos humanos 2.2 La homosexualidad en el ordenamiento jurídico comunitario 3. ¿Está protegida la homosexualidad por la Constitución? 3.1 Homosexualidad, intimidad y libertad 3.2 Homosexualidad e igualdad 4. El contenido de la prohibición de discriminación por razón de orientación sexual. El problema d...

  13. Diálogo interjurisdiccional, control de convencionalidad y jurisprudencia del Tribunal Constitucional en período 2006-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humberto Nogueira Alcalá

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se realiza el análisis de los jueces nacionales como jueces de control de convencionalidad y sus fundamentos jurídicos, como asimismo el tipo posible de diálogo entre las jurisdicciones nacionales con la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos y las modalidades en que se puede concretar dicho diálogo por parte de las judicaturas nacionales, concluyendo con un análisis del uso de la jurisprudencia de la CIDH por parte de las sentencias del Tribunal Constitucional chileno.

  14. Análisis de las Sentencias por Recurso de Amparo emanadas del Tribunal Constitucional entre 2007 y 2012: una propuesta para mejorar la eficiencia

    OpenAIRE

    BOTIFORA RAMIREZ, MARIA JESUS

    2014-01-01

    El trabajo que se presenta quiere centrarse en la labor desempeñada por el Tribunal Constitucional, especialmente en la figura del recurso de amparo. Para ello, necesariamente se dedica un capítulo del mismo a describir la evolución del Poder Judicial, pues no podemos obviar que, en este sistema estructural de carácter horizontal, los engranajes están completamente interrelacionados. Se trata, por tanto, de analizar fundamentalmente las competencias que, a pesar de ser compartidas con la juri...

  15. Las preferencias ideológicas y políticas judiciales: un modelo actitudinal sobre el voto en el tribunal constitucional de ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Santiago BASABE SERRANO

    2008-01-01

    RESUMEN: El estudio del comportamiento, dinámicas e interacciones de los jueces es un campo de la Ciencia Política que, a pesar de su fertilidad, ha sido analizado residualmente en América Latina. Frente a ello, este trabajo propone un modelo formal sobre el comportamiento de los vocales del Tribunal Constitucional de Ecuador (TC) a través del que se argumenta que las preferencias políticas de los jueces influyen en la dirección que asumen sus votos. Analizado en un amplio período de activida...

  16. Artificial Intelligence in Civil Engineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pengzhen Lu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science, involved in the research, design, and application of intelligent computer. Traditional methods for modeling and optimizing complex structure systems require huge amounts of computing resources, and artificial-intelligence-based solutions can often provide valuable alternatives for efficiently solving problems in the civil engineering. This paper summarizes recently developed methods and theories in the developing direction for applications of artificial intelligence in civil engineering, including evolutionary computation, neural networks, fuzzy systems, expert system, reasoning, classification, and learning, as well as others like chaos theory, cuckoo search, firefly algorithm, knowledge-based engineering, and simulated annealing. The main research trends are also pointed out in the end. The paper provides an overview of the advances of artificial intelligence applied in civil engineering.

  17. Sociedad civil y capital social

    OpenAIRE

    José Fernández Santillán

    2009-01-01

    Este documento aborda el tema de la democracia desde una perspectiva opuesta al llamado neoinstitucionalismo; es decir, se orienta a analizar los procesos de democratización desde la base de la sociedad civil y, en es pe cial, desde lo que se conoce como el cap i tal so cial. Desde mediados de la década de 1980, el tema de la democracia desde la perspectiva de la sociedad civil fue cobrando cada vez mayor relevancia. Esta tendencia se vio reforzada por la caída del Muro de Berlín el 9 de nov...

  18. 变革型领导对公务员工作态度的影响---公共服务动机的中介效应研究%The Impact of Transformational Leadership on the Work Attitude of Civil Servants---A Study of the Mediating Effect of Public Service Motivation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛蕾蕾

    2016-01-01

    This study explores the influence of transformational leadership and public service motivation ( PSM) on the work attitude of civil servants , by analyzing responses from a group of 425 policemen in Beijing .Organizational citizenship behavior , organizational commitment and job satisfaction are selected to reflect the work attitude of civil servants , and results show that transformational leadership is positively related to organizational citizenship behavior , organizational commitment and job satisfaction .Also, PSM is positively related to organizational citizenship behavior , organizational commitment and job satisfaction . Meanwhile , PSM partially mediates the relationship between transformational leadership and organization-al citizenship behavior , job satisfaction and organizational commitment .These findings should theoretical-ly enrich the empirical research of PSM in China , and help managers of public sectors make the right de-cision in the practice of human resources management , such as choosing leadership style , fostering civil servants ’ public service motivation and motivating organizational citizenship behavior .%通过对北京市的425名警察进行实地抽样问卷调查,来探索变革型领导风格与公共服务动机对公务员工作态度的影响。研究选取组织公民行为、组织承诺和工作满意度来反映公务员的工作态度,结果发现变革型领导和组织公民行为、组织承诺和工作满意度正相关,公共服务动机和组织公民行为、工作满意度、组织承诺正相关。同时,公共服务动机在变革型领导与组织公民行为、工作满意度和组织承诺间发挥着部分中介作用。上述发现从理论上丰富了我国公共服务动机的实证研究,并且对公共部门人力资源管理中领导风格的选择、公务员公共服务动机的提升和组织公民行为的激发具有指导意义。

  19. Civil Society and Democratic Governance in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibitoye, M. O.

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available It is quite intriguing that fifty-two years after Nigeria attained her nominal independence from her colonial masters and twelve years into her democratic dispensation following a protracted and most challenging struggle against a rapacious military hegemony, the dividends of good governance have largely eluded the majority who wallow in abject poverty in the midst of abundant resources. Thus, the current democratic experiment appears to be fraught with similar imperfections that plagued the past democratic attempts thereby making transformation a myth rather than reality in Nigeria. The dire need to institutionalize the culture of good governance in Nigeria so as to improve the quality of life of the Nigerian people informs the position of this study. Hence, civil society has been adopted as a veritable tool for achieving good governance. This paper, therefore, attempts to carry out a thorough exposition of civil society organization vis- a- vis its transformatory role as an arbiter to redeem the Nigeria society from imminent total collapse as the country is yet to arrive at the ultimate destination of democracy as the government of the people, duly elected by the people, in the service of the people.

  20. Space Civil Engineering option - A progress report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Criswell, Marvin E.; Sadeh, Willy Z.

    1992-01-01

    Space Civil Engineering is an emerging engineering discipline that focuses on extending and expanding Civil Engineering to the development, operation, and maintenance of infrastructures on celestial bodies. Space Civil Engineering is presently being developed as a new discipline within the Department of Civil Engineering at Colorado State University and with support of the NASA Space Grant College Program. Academic programs geared toward creating Space Civil Engineering Options at both undergraduate and graduate levels are being formulated. Basic ideas and concepts and the current status of the curriculum in the Space Civil Engineering Option primarily at the undergraduate level are presented.

  1. Civil Works Seismic Designs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    RFS or Regles Fondamentales de Surete (Basic Safety Rules) applicable to certain types of nuclear facilities lay down requirements with which compliance, for the type of facilities and within the scope of application covered by the RFS, is considered to be equivalent to compliance with technical French regulatory practice. The object of the RFS is to take advantage of standardization in the field of safety, while allowing for technical progress in that field. They are designed to enable the operating utility and contractors to know the rules pertaining to various subjects which are considered to be acceptable by the Service Central de Surete des Installations Nucleaires, or the SCSIN (Central Department for the Safety of Nuclear Facilities). These RFS should make safety analysis easier and lead to better understanding between experts and individuals concerned with the problems of nuclear safety. The SCSIN reserves the right to modify, when considered necessary, any RFS and specify, if need be, the terms under which a modification is deemed retroactive. This rule defines: - the parameters characterizing the design seismic motions - the calculation methods - the mathematical schematization principles on which calculations are based - the use of the seismic response for the structure checking - the content of the documents to be presented

  2. Job Prospects for Civil Engineers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basta, Nicholas

    1985-01-01

    Government programs and renewed industrial activity have combined with stable enrollments to create bright job prospects for civil engineers. Areas with good opportunities include highway reconstruction and rehabilitation, water-resource management, and new factory construction. The subspecialty of structural engineering has a growing need in…

  3. Etica civile e beatitudini evangeliche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicola Colaianni

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Il contributo, sottoposto a valutazione, riproduce il testo dell’intervento nel dibattito a due voci (con il presidente della Corte costituzionale, Gaetano Silvestri a conclusione del convegno “La Bibbia sulle strade dell’uomo” (Messina, 23 novembre 2013, ed è destinato alla pubblicazione negli Atti.SOMMARIO: 1. L’etica civile come etica costituzionale – 2. L’etica evangelica – 3. Irriducibilità? – 4. La promessa e il terzo – 5. La libertà – 6. Il tratto di cammino insieme.  Civil Ethic and Evangelical Beatitudes ABSTRACT The differences between civil ethic and religious ethic, that the Author defines as constitutional principles and evangelic Beatitudes, are well known: it’s common knowledge that the ones are effective in the earthly life while the others are oriented to the eternal life. Nevertheless the Author argues that they both have a common feature before that last analysis: they cross as principles of continuing opposition to unjust society, to “unlawful law”, to spreading apart between the constitutional and evangelic must be and the legislative being of positive law.KEY-WORDS: Civil Ethic – Constitution – Evangelical Beatitudes – Differences - Common Feature.

  4. Getting the Civil War Right

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loewen, James W.

    2011-01-01

    William Faulkner famously wrote, "The past is never dead. It's not even past." He would not be surprised to learn that Americans, 150 years after the Civil War began, are still getting it wrong. Did America's most divisive war start over slavery or states' rights? The author says that too many people--including educators--get it wrong. The author…

  5. 1975 Textbooks for French Civilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Jack Davis

    Four 1975 textbooks for French civilization courses are cited including price, suggested level, format and a listing of contents. A review of one text follows: Rey and Santoni, "Quand les Francais parlent: Langue en contexte, culture en contraste," Newbury House Publishers. The reviewer states that this book is basically a sociological study of…

  6. Promoting Civil Discourse on Campus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bornstein, Rita

    2010-01-01

    During the past several decades, off campus and on, much of the discourse on controversial issues has been personal, vicious, and divisive. On the national scene, politics has become permeated with incivility. It now appears that Americans have been naive about their ability and willingness to engage in civil discourse and compromise. How can…

  7. Primary Sources Enliven Civil War

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robelen, Erik W.

    2011-01-01

    Today, a growing number of teachers are moving beyond the textbook in teaching about the war, and U.S. history more broadly. Teachers are digging directly into primary sources and harnessing technology, all in an attempt to help students better understand the past and bring it to life. Doing so may be especially important with the Civil War,…

  8. Aging of civil explosives (Poster)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krabbendam-La Haye, E.L.M.; Klerk, W.P.C. de; Hoen, C. 't; Krämer, R.E.

    2014-01-01

    For the Dutch MoD and police, TNO composed sets with different kinds of civil explosives to train their detection dogs. The manufacturer of these explosives guarantees several years of stability of these explosives. These sets of explosives are used under different conditions, like temperature and h

  9. 75 FR 49879 - Civil Penalties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-16

    ... provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act. 73 FR 9955. Most recently, on February 2, 2010, the... (SBREFA). See 62 FR 37115 (July 10, 1997). As a matter of policy, we intend to continue to consider the... defraud. This action would be taken pursuant to the Federal Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation...

  10. Civil Engineering Construction of Underground Works

    CERN Document Server

    Rammer, H

    1999-01-01

    For the first time at CERN, new shafts and caverns will be excavated inside a surface building. The LHC civil engineering construction for the ATLAS experiment has been designed such that the experimental hall will be completed to the extent that it can provide a secure, weatherproof and sound insulated covering to the shaft excavation area. The construction of the two access shafts and the experimental cavern will follow and will be carried out inside the building. This unconventional method of working allows the excavation of the Molasse rock in the dry, which is essential for this type of rock, and ensures reduced environmental pollution by noise and dust. The paper will present the technical infrastructure required for this particular construction method, explain its advantages and disadvantages, and compare it with a conventional method of underground excavations to be used on the same work site for the construction of the service cavern.

  11. LA NATURALEZA JURÍDICA DE LA ACCIÓN DE INAPLICABILIDAD EN LA JURISPRUDENCIA DEL TRIBUNAL CONSTITUCIONAL: UN DESAFÍO PENDIENTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Couso Salas

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo, luego de pasar revista a los orígenes y características de la reforma jurisdiccional del año 2005, en particular, la nueva fisonomía que se dio a la acción de inaplicabilidad, se analizan algunos problemas de diseño constitucional referidos a la relación entre esta última y la acción de inconstitucionalidad. Una vez completada dicha tarea, se analizan un conjunto de sentencias paradigmáticas del Tribunal Constitucional que sugieren que éste tiene aún mucho que avanzar en el desarrollo de una concepción afinada de la naturaleza jurídica de la acción de inaplicabilidad y sus diferencias con la acción de inconstitucionalidad. Esto último representa una tarea urgente, no sólo porque el desarrollo coherente del texto constitucional es uno de los objetivos más básicos de la justicia constitucional, sino que también por la centralidad que ha adquirido la acción de inaplicabilidad en la labor jurisdiccional del Tribunal Constitucional.

  12. A CRIAÇÃO DO TRIBUNAL PENAL INTERNACIONAL: Um meio para efetivar a proteção dos Direitos Humanos em âmbito internacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larissa Nunes Cavalheiro

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available No atual contexto mundial, verificam-se conflitos  que  transgridem Direitos Humanos, originados de diversos  motivos, desde questões  de  credo religioso  até o terrorismo. Independente das motivações, a maior vítima acaba sendo o próprio homem,  que  tem seus direitos extirpados.  Da preocupação em estabelecer uma justiça criminal, surge o Tribunal Penal Internacional (TPI, trazendo per se a função de  realizar julgamentos justos  e  imparciais. A sua existência  se  configura  em  um importante marco para que se possa efetivar a proteção dos Direitos do Homem em âmbito mundial, pois visa punir aqueles que cometem os crimes previstos no Estatuto de Roma. O presente trabalho visa explanar acerca dos aspectos mais importantes do referido Tribunal, iniciando pelos seus antecedentes e chegando à sua criação. Passado esse momento, argumenta-se no sentido do seu caráter protecionista dos Direitos Humanos

  13. Political Violence and Media Coverage in Nigeria: An Analysis of Nigerian Tribune and Punch Newspapers of 2011 General Elections in Osun State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Awofadeju P. O.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The study aims at determining the coverage of the violence by two newspapers (Nigerian Tribune and Punch in the 2011 Osun State General Election by adopting content analysis as its research design. Theories adopted in carrying out this study are agenda setting, two step flow and multi-step flow. This study reveals that the newspapers in this study were not very effective in publishing the news concerning this brutal electoral violence within the period of four weeks under review. It also reveals that the Nigerian Tribune newspaper covered more stories on electoral violence than Punch newspaper and that the coverage of the two newspapers focused more on violence reportage than the effects of violence on the electorates. The coverage of the two newspapers on the major actors in the news also shows that ‘Politicians’ and Political parties’ played greater role in the news than others. The coverage of the two newspapers on victims of the violence shows that ‘Electorates’ and ‘Press’ were most affected victims than others. It therefore concludes that the two newspapers content analyzed were not proactive enough in their responsibility of providing timely information to the general public regarding the electoral violence, thereby leaving people in the dark.

  14. The Crime of Rape under the Rome Statute of the ICC (with a special emphasis on the jurisprudence of the Ad Hoc Criminal Tribunals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Brigitte Maier

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available

    This article delivers insight into the purposes and intentions of committing rape within wartimes, its victims, its perpetrators, and, finally, under which circumstances the crime of rape is punishable as a crime against humanity.

    In the first part a definition on crime of rape is given, in this regard relevant literature and case law of both the Yugoslavia Tribunal and the Tribunal of Rwanda will be referred to. On the topics of victims, perpetrators and purposes related literature in the field of psychology, criminology and medical science will be taken into consideration. The discussion on the link between rape and the crime against humanity will focus on relevant cases, judgments and reports, largely of the ICC, the ICTY and the ICTR.

  15. La competencia consultiva del Tribunal Internacional del Derecho del mar en el contexto del régimen de los océanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Cabrera Mirassou

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available El proceso de diversificación de la jurisdicción internacional se caracteriza por la multiplicación de los tribunales internacionales, los cuales tienen competencia sobre todas las áreas de las relaciones internacionales. Cada organismo judicial es investido de determinadas funciones, que le permitan cumplir con sus metas. En dicho contexto, el Tribunal Internacional del Derecho del Mar fue una de las instituciones creadas para administrar el régimen de los océanos. A través de su función consultiva, se encuentra facultado para expedirse respecto a los diversos aspectos del régimen, entre ellos: los derechos y obligaciones de los Estados, la protección del medio marino, la explotación de los fondos marinos, los recursos marinos y la actividad pesquera. En el presente artículo nos proponemos abordar los alcances de la competencia consultiva del Tribunal desde esta perspectiva, a fin de determinar los aportes de esta institución jurisdiccional a la administración y protección de del régimen de los océanos.

  16. La creación del Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones de Costa Rica en 1949: sus antecedentes y significado en la institucionalidad nacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Mora Chinchilla

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La administración de los procesos electorales en Costa Rica, sufrió desde el siglo XIX, un largo y lento proceso de sucesivas reformas que se analizarán en este trabajo, con el fin de comprender la estructuración de un modelo político-electoral que tiene a la democracia como norte, al menos en su discurso, pero que no la alcanza, en su modalidad electoral, hasta después de 1949, cuando a raíz de la creación del Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones, se logró finalmente separar, por completo al Poder Ejecutivo de los procesos electorales y se alcanza la pureza del sufragio. Para comprender el desarrollo de un modelo electoral como el costarricense, se hace necesaria la sistematización de las diversas reformas que tomaron muchos años en perfeccionarse, hasta llegar a lo que se tiene en la actualidad, modelo que sigue en constante estudio y transformación. Los resultados de este cambio, serán observados a la luz de los sesenta años del nacimiento del Tribunal, institución emblemática de Costa Rica, después de 1949

  17. Climate Change and Civil Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Vink, G.; Plancherel, Y.; Hennet, C.; Jones, K. D.; Abdullah, A.; Bradshaw, J.; Dee, S.; Deprez, A.; Pasenello, M.; Plaza-Jennings, E.; Roseman, D.; Sopher, P.; Sung, E.

    2009-05-01

    The manifestations of climate change can result in humanitarian impacts that reverse progress in poverty- reduction, create shortages of food and resources, lead to migration, and ultimately result in civil violence and conflict. Within the continent of Africa, we have found that environmentally-related variables are either the cause or the confounding factor for over 80% of the civil violence events during the last 10 years. Using predictive climate models and land-use data, we are able to identify populations in Africa that are likely to experience the most severe climate-related shocks. Through geospatial analysis, we are able to overlay these areas of high risk with assessments of both the local population's resiliency and the region's capacity to respond to climate shocks should they occur. The net result of the analysis is the identification of locations that are becoming particularly vulnerable to future civil violence events (vulnerability hotspots) as a result of the manifestations of climate change. For each population group, over 600 social, economic, political, and environmental indicators are integrated statistically to measures the vulnerability of African populations to environmental change. The indicator time-series are filtered for data availability and redundancy, broadly ordered into four categories (social, political, economic and environmental), standardized and normalized. Within each category, the dominant modes of variability are isolated by principal component analysis and the loadings of each component for each variable are used to devise composite index scores. Comparisons of past vulnerability with known environmentally-related conflicts demonstrates the role that such vulnerability hotspot maps can play in evaluating both the potential for, and the significance of, environmentally-related civil violence events. Furthermore, the analysis reveals the major variables that are responsible for the population's vulnerability and therefore

  18. Extraterrestrial civilizations: Problems of their evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leskov, L. V.

    1987-01-01

    The problem of finding extraterrestrial civilizations and establishing contact with them is directly related to the problem of their evolution. Possible patterns in this evolution and the stages in the evolution of extraterrestrial civilizations are examined.

  19. Cost Analysis for Large Civil Transport Rotorcraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coy, John J.

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents cost analysis of purchase price and DOC+I (direct operating cost plus interest) that supports NASA s study of three advanced rotorcraft concepts that could enter commercial transport service within 10 to 15 years. The components of DOC+I are maintenance, flight crew, fuel, depreciation, insurance, and finance. The cost analysis aims at VTOL (vertical takeoff and landing) and CTOL (conventional takeoff and landing) aircraft suitable for regional transport service. The resulting spreadsheet-implemented cost models are semi-empirical and based on Department of Transportation and Army data from actual operations of such aircraft. This paper describes a rationale for selecting cost tech factors without which VTOL is more costly than CTOL by a factor of 10 for maintenance cost and a factor of two for purchase price. The three VTOL designs selected for cost comparisons meet the mission requirement to fly 1,200 nautical miles at 350 knots and 30,000 ft carrying 120 passengers. The lowest cost VTOL design is a large civil tilt rotor (LCTR) aircraft. With cost tech factors applied, the LCTR is reasonably competitive with the Boeing 737-700 when operated in economy regional service following the business model of the selected baseline operation, that of Southwest Airlines.

  20. Analysis of Reinforcement of Civil Evidence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Xiaoyue

    2015-01-01

    Abstract:Corroborative evidence is the basis for ascertaining and corroboration rules are proof the rules, plays a corroborative proof function and limiting the discretion of judges. Full study of corroborative evidence in civil procedure rules to use, helps to perfect evidence rules of civil procedure and civil systems.

  1. 78 FR 672 - Civil Monetary Penalties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-04

    ... the USDA civil monetary penalty provisions for the Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act of 1986 (PFCRA) in... E-Government Act to promote the use of the internet and other information technologies to provide... Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act of 1986 in regulations at 7 CFR part 1, subpart L. The Agency...

  2. The Transformed Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office for Civil Rights, US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Since 1968, the Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC) has collected data on key education and civil rights issues in our nation's public schools for use by the Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR), other Department offices, other federal agencies, and by policymakers and researchers outside of the Department. The CRDC has…

  3. History of Civil Engineering Modal Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brincker, Rune

    2008-01-01

    techniques are available for civil engineering modal analysis. The testing of civil structures defers from the traditional modal testing in the sense, that very often it is difficult, or sometimes impossible, to artificially excite a large civil engineering structure. Also, many times, even though...

  4. 34 CFR 303.424 - Civil action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil action. 303.424 Section 303.424 Education... Civil action. Any party aggrieved by the findings and decision regarding an administrative complaint has the right to bring a civil action in State or Federal court under section 639(a)(1) of the...

  5. 49 CFR 218.9 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil penalty. 218.9 Section 218.9 Transportation... TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD OPERATING PRACTICES General § 218.9 Civil penalty. Any person (an entity of any type... requirement of this part or causes the violation of any such requirement is subject to a civil penalty of...

  6. 34 CFR 300.516 - Civil action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil action. 300.516 Section 300.516 Education... DISABILITIES Procedural Safeguards Due Process Procedures for Parents and Children § 300.516 Civil action. (a... aggrieved by the findings and decision under § 300.514(b), has the right to bring a civil action...

  7. 31 CFR 103.57 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil penalty. 103.57 Section 103.57... REPORTING OF CURRENCY AND FOREIGN TRANSACTIONS General Provisions § 103.57 Civil penalty. (a) For any... willfully participates in the violation, a civil penalty not to exceed $1,000. (b) For any willful...

  8. 32 CFR 310.46 - Civil actions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil actions. 310.46 Section 310.46 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) PRIVACY PROGRAM DOD PRIVACY PROGRAM Privacy Act Violations § 310.46 Civil actions. An individual may file a civil...

  9. 22 CFR 127.10 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Civil penalty. 127.10 Section 127.10 Foreign... Civil penalty. (a) The Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs is authorized to impose a civil penalty in an amount not to exceed that authorized by 22 U.S.C. 2778, 2779a and 2780...

  10. 10 CFR 110.64 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil penalty. 110.64 Section 110.64 Energy NUCLEAR... Enforcement § 110.64 Civil penalty. (a) In response to a violation, the Commission may institute a proceeding to impose a civil penalty under section 234 of the Atomic Energy Act by issuing a notice to...

  11. 49 CFR 221.7 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil penalty. 221.7 Section 221.7 Transportation... TRANSPORTATION REAR END MARKING DEVICE-PASSENGER, COMMUTER AND FREIGHT TRAINS General § 221.7 Civil penalty. Any... requirement is subject to a civil penalty of at least $650 and not more than $25,000 per violation,...

  12. 10 CFR 1017.29 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... subject to a civil penalty under this part: (1) 10 CFR Part 1017—Identification and Protection of... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil penalty. 1017.29 Section 1017.29 Energy DEPARTMENT... INFORMATION Violations § 1017.29 Civil penalty. Link to an amendment published at 74 FR 66033, Dec. 14,...

  13. 14 CFR 1212.800 - Civil remedies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil remedies. 1212.800 Section 1212.800... Comply With Requirements of This Part § 1212.800 Civil remedies. Failure to comply with the requirements of the Privacy Act and this part could subject NASA to civil suit under the provisions of 5...

  14. 33 CFR 401.102 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil penalty. 401.102 Section... TRANSPORTATION SEAWAY REGULATIONS AND RULES Penalties-Violations of Seaway Regulations § 401.102 Civil penalty. (a) A person, as described in § 401.101(b), who violates a regulation is liable to a civil penalty...

  15. 14 CFR 1274.924 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Discrimination Act of 1975 (42 U.S.C. 6101 et seq.), and the NASA implementing regulations (14 CFR parts 1250... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 1274.924 Section 1274.924... FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.924 Civil rights. Civil Rights July 2002 Work...

  16. 7 CFR 3560.2 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 3560.2 Section 3560.2 Agriculture... DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General Provisions and Definitions § 3560.2 Civil rights. (a... prohibition under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. 2000d and Title VI regulations...

  17. 7 CFR 761.3 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 761.3 Section 761.3 Agriculture... SPECIAL PROGRAMS GENERAL PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION General Provisions § 761.3 Civil rights. Part 15d of this title contains applicable regulations pertaining to civil rights and filing of discrimination...

  18. 50 CFR 401.22 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil rights. 401.22 Section 401.22..., DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT § 401.22 Civil rights. Each application for Federal assistance, grant-in-aid award... Assisted Programs of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and with the Secretary's regulations...

  19. 30 CFR 881.12 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Civil Rights Act of 1964” (43 CFR part 17) and shall give assurances of compliance in such forms as may... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 881.12 Section 881.12 Mineral... LAND RECLAMATION SUBSIDENCE AND STRIP MINE REHABILITATION, APPALACHIA § 881.12 Civil rights. State...

  20. Global Standards of Market Civilization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    state system has evolved such standards have also developed, incorporating the capacity for social cooperation and self-government to which states must conform in order to fully participate as legitimate members in international society. This study analyzes their justification, and their political...... thought, as well as its historical application part II presents original case studies that demonstrate the emergence of such standards and explore the diffusion of liberal capitalist ideas through the global political economy and the consequences for development and governance; the International Monetary......Global Standards of Market Civilization brings together leading scholars, representing a range of political views, to investigate how global 'standards of market civilization' have emerged, their justification, and their political, economic and social impact. Key chapters show how as the modern...

  1. Geometric procedures for civil engineers

    CERN Document Server

    Tonias, Elias C

    2016-01-01

    This book provides a multitude of geometric constructions usually encountered in civil engineering and surveying practice.  A detailed geometric solution is provided to each construction as well as a step-by-step set of programming instructions for incorporation into a computing system. The volume is comprised of 12 chapters and appendices that may be grouped in three major parts: the first is intended for those who love geometry for its own sake and its evolution through the ages, in general, and, more specifically, with the introduction of the computer. The second section addresses geometric features used in the book and provides support procedures used by the constructions presented. The remaining chapters and the appendices contain the various constructions. The volume is ideal for engineering practitioners in civil and construction engineering and allied areas.

  2. Practical Guide to Civil Mediation

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    The Permanent Mission of Switzerland has informed CERN that the Département des Institutions of the Republic and Canton of Geneva and the Groupement suisse des Magistrats pour la médiation (GEMME) - Swiss Association of Magistrates for Mediation have published a multilingual Practical Guide to Civil Mediation (including English). In this context, the Swiss Mission has underlined the benefits of resorting to mediation, especially for the personnel of International Organizations, and which the Secretary-General of the GEMME has summarised as follows: it is a private process not requiring the waiver of the parties' immunities; the confidentiality of the mediation process is guaranteed both by the mediator and the parties to it; the search for an amicable settlement does not need to be determined by reference to law (provided that public order is respected); the process is faster (2 to 3 sessions), less costly and more flexible than civil or arbitration procedures; in order to reinforce the agreem...

  3. Practical Guide to Civil Mediation

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    The Permanent Mission of Switzerland has informed CERN that the Département des Institutions of the Republic and Canton of Geneva and the Groupement suisse des Magistrats pour la médiation (GEMME) - Swiss Association of Magistrates for Mediation have published a multilingual Practical Guide to Civil Mediation (including English). In this context, the Swiss Mission has underlined the benefits of resorting to mediation, especially for the personnel of international organizations, and which the Secretary-General of the GEMME has summarised as follows: it is a private process not requiring the waiver of the parties' immunities; the confidentiality of the mediation process is guaranteed both by the mediator and the parties to it; the search for an amicable settlement does not need to be determined by reference to law (provided that public order is respected); the process is faster (2 to 3 sessions), less costly and more flexible than civil or arbitration procedures; in order to reinforce the agreeme...

  4. Judicial civil procedure dragging out in Kosovo

    OpenAIRE

    Rrustem Qehaja; Elza Bajrami

    2016-01-01

    This article tends to deal with one of the most worrying issues in the judicial system of Kosovo the problem of judicial civil procedure dragging out. The article analyses the reasons of these dragging outs of the judicial civil procedure focusing on the context of one of the basic procedural principles in civil procedure-the principle of economy or efficiency in the courts. Dragging out of civil procedure in Kosovo has put in question not only the basic principles of civil procedure, but it ...

  5. [Civil bioethics in pluralistics societies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortina, A

    2000-01-01

    The author examines how Bioethics should be approached in a pluralist society. She argues that through the gradual discovery of shared ethical values and principles for judging which practices are humanizing and which or not, ever-more dense civil Bioethics helps bring out--in contrast to relativism and subjectivism--an ethical intersubjectiveness, the fundaments of which should be addressed by moral philosophy if it hopes to fulfill one of its main tasks.

  6. EXPERIMENTING TOWARDS CIVIL SOCIETY RESILIENCE

    OpenAIRE

    Engelbach, Wolf; Kloyber, Christian; Rigaud, Eric; Wendt, Willi

    2015-01-01

    International audience Civil Society Resilience is an area of crisis management that is complementary to professional response. Crisis managers and response organizations need to integrate individuals, communities and local governments in their management efforts, among others by efficient crisis communication via media and the mobilization and handling of citizens as spontaneous volunteers. DRIVER aims at a campaign of experiments: organizational concepts and IT-solutions will be iterativ...

  7. The demography of extraterrestrial civilizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billingham, J.

    1981-01-01

    Studies carried out within the last ten years on the nature and distribution of extraterrestrial intelligent life are reviewed. Arguments for the absence of intelligent life in the Galaxy based on the assumption that at least some of these would have engaged in colonization and for the presence of colonies of extraterrestrials in some undiscovered location in the solar system are presented, and it is noted that both these views rest on the notion that interstellar travel can be achieved at high velocities in very large vehicles, which has been questioned. Alternative suggestions concerning interstellar exploration by automated probes and the possible extended time scale and motivation for galactic colonization are pointed out. Attention is then given to arguments for the extreme smallness of one of the factors in the Drake equation used to estimate the number of communicative extraterrestrial civilizations in the Galaxy, including the frequency of single stars, the likelihood that planets with the correct initial composition and conditions for life are at the proper distance from their stars, the probability of the formation of DNA and the origin of life, and the time for the evolution of intelligence. It is concluded that it seems likely that other civilizations exist in the Galaxy, although the number and distribution of such civilizations may only be determined by the detection of one or more examples.

  8. Valgaskii tribunal / Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Narvskaja Gazeta, 27. mai 2004, lk. 8. Eesti peaministri, Res Publica esimehe Juhan Partsi ja Läti ekspeaministri, partei Uus Aeg juhi Einars Repshe ühisavaldusest Euroopa Parlamendile, milles nõudsid kommunismi kuritegelikuks kuulutamist ning Venemaalt okupatsiooniaegsete kuritegude avalikku tunnistamist. Poliitikute kohtumisest Valgas

  9. Civil monetary penalties--weapon against fraud or instrument of health policy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, H M

    1989-06-01

    Most physicians are aware of the highly publicized aspects of government health care regulation, including attempts at mandatory physician assignment and recoupment of services deemed medically unnecessary. There is less awareness of the potential pitfalls of civil monetary penalties, as many physicians believe they are primarily applicable to false claim allegations. However, the use of civil monetary penalties is increasing as Congress creates new bases of liability. This development leads to the question: Are civil monetary penalties a weapon against fraud or an instrument of federal policy?

  10. On Civil Service Performance Appraisal Index System Based on Job Analysis%基于工作分析的公务员绩效考核指标体系研究——美国公务员绩效考核经验借鉴

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鑫

    2012-01-01

    Compared with western countries,China's civil service performance appraisal system has defects in many aspects,of which the most important reason is the lack of job analysis.As the basis and premise of the human resource management,job analysis has been applied in America's civil service performance appraisal and has played a considerable role.China must learn advanced methods from America and establish a performance appraisal index system that is based of the job analysis.It is necessary to regard the job analysis as the premise of the appraisal,use the classification method,and design the appraisal index according to actual job.So,the application of job analysis can do well in improving the efficiency of performance appraisal.%我国公务员绩效考核制度与西方国家相比存在较大差距,主要原因为缺乏相应的工作分析环节。工作分析作为人力资源管理活动的基础和前提,在美国公务员绩效考核中广泛应用,发挥了重要作用。我国在公务员绩效考核方面需要学习国外的先进技术,因此,完善我国的公务员绩效考核制度,必须建立基于工作分析的公务员绩效考核指标体系。只有将工作分析作为考核的依据,充分运用分类分级思想作指导,根据公务员具体工作实际设计考核指标,才能完善我国的公务员绩效考核体系,提高考核效率。

  11. Increase of the contract amounts for LHC civil-engineering construction and civil-engineering consultancy contracts

    CERN Document Server

    2005-01-01

    This document concerns the increase of the contract amounts for LHC civil-engineering construction and civil-engineering consultancy, Package 2. The Finance Committee is invited to take note of the increase of the contract amounts with: - the joint venture DRAGADOS (ES) and SELI (IT) for civil-engineering construction, LHC Package 2, for an amount of 28 087 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision, in the amount previously announced to Finance Committee (CERN/FC/4516) of 132 200 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision, bringing the total to a maximum amount of 160 287 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision. - the joint venture GIBB (GB), GEOCONSULT (AT) and SGI (CH) for the provision of civil-engineering consultancy services, LHC Package 2, for an amount of 900 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision, in the amount previously announced to Finance Committee of 13 800 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision, bringing the total to a maximum amount of 14 700 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision

  12. Homosexualidad y Constitución (Comentario a propósito de la sentencia del Tribunal Constitucional peruano de 24 de noviembre de 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Rey Martínez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available 1. La emergencia y centralidad del problema relativo al lugar constitucional de la homosexualidad 2. La homosexualidad en el derecho europeo 2.1 La homosexualidad ante el tribunal europeo de derechos humanos 2.2 La homosexualidad en el ordenamiento jurídico comunitario 3. ¿Está protegida la homosexualidad por la Constitución? 3.1 Homosexualidad, intimidad y libertad 3.2 Homosexualidad e igualdad 4. El contenido de la prohibición de discriminación por razón de orientación sexual. El problema del matrimonio entre personas del mismo sexo 5. Conclusiones. La verdad de Horacio

  13. Avaliação do tesauro do Tribunal de Contas do Distrito Federal a partir dos usuários

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita de Cássia do Vale Caribé

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudo consiste em pesquisa qualitativa realizada junto aos usuários do Tesauro de Contas que integra o sistema Processo Eletrônico (e-TCDF, do Tribunal de Contas do Distrito Federal, Brasil. Foram realizadas 20 entrevistas orientadas, utilizando perguntas abertas e fechadas de múltipla escolha. Por se tratar de uma pesquisa exploratória, pois não foram detectados estudos de avaliação de tesauros a partir do usuário na literatura sobre o assunto. Esta pesquisa possibilitou a caracterização das principais dificuldades enfrentadas pelos usuários, a coleta de sugestões que permitem o aprimoramento do instrumento, bem como a compreensão quanto à utilização do Tesauro pelos usuários. Foi detectada a necessidade de treinamento e de aprimoramento no sistema.

  14. A incorporação dos Laudos arbitrais do Tribunal Permanente de Revisão do MERCOSUL e o direito brasileiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Rosado Targino da Nóbrega

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available O MERCOSUL, com o intuito de majorar a sua integração, criou o Tribunal Permanente de Revisão, para poder solucionar controvérsias pacificamente. Assim, este artigo científico tem o objetivo de trazer a discussão acerca do modo de incorporação a que os laudos arbitrais, oriundos do TPR, devem adotar no Direito brasileiro. A metodologia adotada foi a pesquisa qualitativa (Direito Internacional e Direito Constitucional. As fontes de pesquisa foram: bibliografia especializada, a Constituição da República Federativa do Brasil; a análise de tratados e protocolos internacionais e jurisprudências, referentes ao tema – sempre, por meio do método dedutivo. Ficou verificado que esses laudos não devem seguir o caminho dos tratados internacionais, devido à distinção de suas naturezas jurídicas, como também não devem seguir o caminho das sentenças estrangeiras, pois essas vêm do Direito estrangeiro. Portanto, seguindo o princípio pacta sunt servanda, os laudos arbitrais, resultantes de uma corte ou de um tribunal arbitral internacional, como o TPR, devem ter um caminho próprio para incorporação que dê executividade e eficácia a eles, o que deve ser, a posteriori, discutido pelas autoridades competentes, pelas comunidades jurídica e acadêmica.

  15. Advanced e-Infrastructures for Civil Protection applications: the CYCLOPS Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzetti, P.; Nativi, S.; Verlato, M.; Ayral, P. A.; Fiorucci, P.; Pina, A.; Oliveira, J.; Sorani, R.

    2009-04-01

    During the full cycle of the emergency management, Civil Protection operative procedures involve many actors belonging to several institutions (civil protection agencies, public administrations, research centers, etc.) playing different roles (decision-makers, data and service providers, emergency squads, etc.). In this context the sharing of information is a vital requirement to make correct and effective decisions. Therefore a European-wide technological infrastructure providing a distributed and coordinated access to different kinds of resources (data, information, services, expertise, etc.) could enhance existing Civil Protection applications and even enable new ones. Such European Civil Protection e-Infrastructure should be designed taking into account the specific requirements of Civil Protection applications and the state-of-the-art in the scientific and technological disciplines which could make the emergency management more effective. In the recent years Grid technologies have reached a mature state providing a platform for secure and coordinated resource sharing between the participants collected in the so-called Virtual Organizations. Moreover the Earth and Space Sciences Informatics provide the conceptual tools for modeling the geospatial information shared in Civil Protection applications during its entire lifecycle. Therefore a European Civil Protection e-infrastructure might be based on a Grid platform enhanced with Earth Sciences services. In the context of the 6th Framework Programme the EU co-funded Project CYCLOPS (CYber-infrastructure for CiviL protection Operative ProcedureS), ended in December 2008, has addressed the problem of defining the requirements and identifying the research strategies and innovation guidelines towards an advanced e-Infrastructure for Civil Protection. Starting from the requirement analysis CYCLOPS has proposed an architectural framework for a European Civil Protection e-Infrastructure. This architectural framework has

  16. Noviolencia, desobediencia civil y ejemplaridad

    OpenAIRE

    Alicia María de Mingo Rodríguez

    2010-01-01

    Este artículo intenta mostrar la íntima conexión entre el espíritu que anima la noviolenciaen Mahatma Gandhi y la modalidad de práctica de dicha noviolencia que representala desobediencia civil. No sólo se aborda aquella noviolencia y esta desobediencia en susrasgos básicos, destacándose la perplejidad que suscita la noviolencia en su asimetría eirreprocidad (respecto al acto agresivo), sino que expresamente se intenta articularlasde cara a pensar la relevancia de ambos conceptos para una edu...

  17. State Phobia and Civil Society

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dean, Mitchell; Villadsen, Kaspar

    State Phobia draws extensively upon the work of Michel Foucault to argue for the necessity of the concept of the state in political and social analysis. In so doing, it takes on not only the dominant view in the human sciences that the concept of the state is outmoded, but also the large interpre...... and political rights of individuals. Arguing that states and their cooperation remain of vital importance to resolving contemporary crises, they demonstrate the interdependence of state and civil society and the necessity of social forms of governance....

  18. ATLAS Civil Engineering Point 1

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Vialis

    1998-01-01

    Different phases of realisation to Point 1 : zone of the ATLAS experiment After watching this film you can get the view of the civil engineering work at POINT1 where the ATLAS will be built. 03-11-1998 The video starts with the view of the POINT1 taken from the roof of the building 33. 04-11-1998 View of the installation of the entrance of the SDX1 18/19-11-1998 Installation of the rafters to the building PX15

  19. An Analysis of Localization of Dimensions of Civil Servants' Public Service Motivation--Fujian-Based Research%公务员公共服务动机维度差异的本土化分析——基于福建的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张廷君

    2012-01-01

    文章借鉴西方公共服务动机的理论和测量方法,设计了基于中国情境下的公务员公共服务动机测量量表,并运用探索性因子分析的方法发现“渴望参与政策制定”、“公共利益承诺”、“自我牺牲精神”、“民主治理意识”四个维度的存在以及“同情心”维度的缺失,同时分析了公共服务动机在不同个人或组织背景特征下的差异,初步探讨了公共服务动机可能的影响因素。%This paper gives measurement scale for the public service motivation(PSM) of civil servants in Chinese context by referring to Western theories and measurement methods of the PSM, and identifies the existence of four dimensions, i.e., Attraction to Policymaking, Commitment to the public interest, Self-sacrifice and Awareness of Democratic Governance, and the absence of the dimension of Compassion by analyzing exploratory factor. It also analyzes the difference of the PSM in different individuals or organizations, and preliminarily discusses potential factors influencing the PSM.

  20. Contract Management of LHC Civil Engineering at Point 5

    CERN Document Server

    Osborne, J A

    1999-01-01

    Civil engineering work commenced in August 1998 at LEP Point 5 for the underground and surface works necessary to accommodate the CMS detector for the LHC project. The principal underground works consist of two parallel caverns, separated by a support pillar, two new shafts, a number of smaller connection and service galleries and tunnel enlargements on the existing LEP tunnel. The surface works consist of the 140 m long SX building for the detector assembly and numerous other steel and concrete structures necessary for the installation and operation of CMS. The civil engineering design and supervision has been awarded to a joint venture of Gibb (UK), SGI (Switzerland) and Geoconsult (Austria), and the contracting to a joint venture of Dragados (Spain) and Seli (Italy) for 112 MCHF. The aim of this paper is to discuss the management of this contract and in particular how the various parties interact in order to work most efficiently.

  1. Organized Civil Society, Participation and Citizenship in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boje, Thomas P.

    2015-01-01

    ’s nation states is closely related to the evolution of civil society. (b) European modernity is to be understood within the framework of state, market and civil society based institutions, and (c) there is a strong relationship between citizenship rights, economic prosperity, and political involvement...... of citizens in the society. The economic and social crisis in Europe has accentuated the importance of different types of civic organisations in defending the social rights of the citizens and mediating between citizens and the political authorities. The main reason for this is the legitimacy crisis...... of the participatory democracy in the post-industrial countries. Additional factor to be considered are difficulties of realizing processes that are able to involve citizens in strategic decision-making at community as well as national level and difficulties in the identification and organization of welfare services...

  2. COMPULSORY INSURANCE OF CIVIL LIABILITY IN RUSSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Malik

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article outlines the main trends of compulsory insurance of civil liability in Russia : problems, trends and prospectsInsurance of civil liability – one of the popular forms of distribution and security in the world. The essence of compulsory insurance of civil responsibility is to protect the property interests of individuals. The development of liability insurance goes along with technological progress and reinforced by various laws and regulations, it touches almost all areas of life.

  3. Poverty and Civil War: Revisiting the Evidence

    OpenAIRE

    Djankov, Simeon; Reynal-Querol, Marta

    2010-01-01

    Previous research has interpreted the correlation between per capita income and civil war as evidence that poverty is a main determinant of conflict. In this paper, we find that the relationship between poverty and civil war is spurious and is accounted for by historical phenomena that jointly determine income evolution and conflict. In particular, the statistical association between poverty and civil wars disappears once we include country fixed effects. Also, using cross-section data for 19...

  4. Radio communications with extra-terrestrial civilizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotelnikov, V. A.

    1974-01-01

    Communications between civilizations within our galaxy at the present level of radio engineering is possible, although civilizations must begin to search for each other to achieve this. If an extra-terrestrial civilization possessing a technology at our level wishes to make itself known and will transmit special radio signals to do this, then it can be picked up by us at a distance of several hundreds of light years using already existing radio telescopes and specially built radio receivers. If it wishes, this civilization can also send us information without awaiting our answer.

  5. Moral autonomy, civil liberties, and Confucianism

    OpenAIRE

    Chan, J

    2002-01-01

    Analyzes the associations among moral autonomy, civil liberties and Confucianism. Concept of moral autonomy; Elements of moral living; Application of moral autonomy in Confucian ethics; Theories of freedom.

  6. 7 CFR 15.73 - Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Service. 15.73 Section 15.73 Agriculture Office of the... Administrative Review Under the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Form, Execution, Filing and Service of Documents § 15.73 Service. Service shall be made by the Hearing Clerk by personal delivery of one copy to each person to...

  7. 5 CFR 550.708 - Creditable service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Creditable service. 550.708 Section 550.708 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PAY ADMINISTRATION (GENERAL) Severance Pay § 550.708 Creditable service. The following types of service...

  8. 5 CFR 300.605 - Creditable service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Creditable service. 300.605 Section 300.605 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS EMPLOYMENT (GENERAL) Time-In-Grade Restrictions § 300.605 Creditable service. (a) All service at the required...

  9. El nacimiento del Registro Civil como parte de un proyecto estatal (1888 y su aporte a la vida política democrática costarricense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Mora Chinchilla

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available : El presente trabajo busca mostrar que la creación del Registro Civil de Costa Rica en 1888 al lado de la nueva codificación, terminada en el mismo año, forma parte del proyecto de Estado de los llamados “liberales”. El control de la información registral, fuera de las manos de la Iglesia Católica, permitió un gran avance en el conocimiento de la población. Este fue utilizado con fines políticos, económicos y sociales necesarios para el fortalecimiento de las instituciones nacionales. Desde 1925 tuvo a su cargo el Registro Cívico, transformado en 1947 en Registro Electoral. Más adelante, al fundirse en 1949 con el recién creado Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones, asume las funciones de registro civil y electoral. Finalmente, es objetivo de este trabajo demostrar que la solidez y solvencia de esta institución se fortalecen con la legislación de la última parte del siglo XX y principios del XXI que permiten tres cambios importantes, la cedulación indígena, la Tarjeta de Identidad de Menores y la Ley de Paternidad Responsable.

  10. Civil Defense, U. S. A.: A Programmed Orientation to Civil Defense. Unit 1. Civil Defense - Protection Against What?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Defense Civil Preparedness Agency (DOD), Battle Creek, MI.

    An explanation of the need for civil defense in nuclear and natural disasters is presented. A brief historical background of civil defense is given. Major topics include: (1) Types of disasters, (2) Probable objectives of a nuclear attack on the United States, (3) The major defensive measures against a nuclear attack, (4) Some reasons for low…

  11. The American South: From Civil Rights Struggle to Civil Rights Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Dorit Wagner

    2012-01-01

    In recent years the American South has become the platform for an authenticity seeking tourism industry. Former sites of civil rights action have been revived and transformed into tourist attractions. The following paper introduces the notion of so-called civil rights tourism and presents a critical analysis of current sites of civil rights commemoration throughout the American South.

  12. Probabilistic design framework for sustainable repari and rehabilitation of civil infrastructure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lepech, Michael; Geiker, Mette Rica; Stang, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a probabilistic-based framework for the design of civil infrastructure repair and rehabilitation to achieve targeted improvements in sustainability indicators. The framework consists of two types of models: (i) service life prediction models combining one or several deteriorat......This paper presents a probabilistic-based framework for the design of civil infrastructure repair and rehabilitation to achieve targeted improvements in sustainability indicators. The framework consists of two types of models: (i) service life prediction models combining one or several...

  13. Civil Liability for Environmental Damages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Ciochină

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available We debated in this article the civil liability for environmental damages as stipulated in ourlegislation with reference to Community law. The theory of legal liability in environmental law is basedon the duty of all citizens to respect and protect the environment. Considering the importance ofenvironment in which we live, the liability for environmental damages is treated by the Constitution as aprinciple and a fundamental obligation. Many human activities cause environmental damages and, in linewith the principle of sustainable development, they should be avoided. However, when this is notpossible, they must be regulated (by criminal or administrative law in order to limit their adverse effectsand, according to the polluter pays principle, to internalize in advance their externalities (through taxes,insurances or other forms of financial security products. Communication aims to analyze these issues andlegal regulations dealing with the issue of liability for environmental damage.

  14. Instituciones de Derecho Civil Colombiano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos H Barrera Martínez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Dice el autor, que con esta obra culmina su labor de tratadista iniciada hace 40 años, tras la aparición de la primera edición en hojas mimeografiadas en 1970, de las clases de derecho procesal que dictó en la Universidad La Gran Colombia; nos parece un acto más contestatario, que la culminación de su producción científica; y esto por el tratamiento dado al derecho procesal por el legislador, especialmente al Código de Procedimiento Civil de 1970; que en algún momento fue considerado de los más desarrollados en la cultura jurídica “neorománica”.

  15. ATLAS Civil Engineering Point 1

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Vialis

    1999-01-01

    ATLAS Civil Engineering - Point 1 In the film you can see various stages of construction in Point 1: that is the experiment zone for ATLAS experimentation. One part of the video is filmed on the surface of Point 1. Therefore you can get the view of the hall SX 1 and the cranes. Cranes are located close to the ridge of the hall roof. The film gives you the view of the hall that covers the caps and the wells to underground cavern where the experiment will be implemented. The machinery for excavation lifts and cranes as well as the stock areas can also be seen. There are iron mounting and concrete works too

  16. Influencia de las Interpretaciones Prejudiciales del Tribunal de Justicia de la Comunidad Andina de Naciones en los Fallos de Propiedad Intelectual de la Sala Penal de la Corte Suprema de Justicia de Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florelia Vallejo Trujillo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza los conceptos que desde la dogmática jurídica se aplican a las decisiones judiciales revisadas por la Sala Penal de la Corte Suprema de Justicia para la protección de los derechos de propiedad intelectual, a partir de la información recolectada de sentencias de dicho tribunal, así como del Tribunal de Justicia de la Comunidad Andina. La investigación no buscó precisar aspectos penales o procesales generales, pues se enfocó en la identificación de los conceptos de propiedad intelectual aplicados en el derecho penal, como sistema jurídico que apoya la protección de los bienes inmateriales.

  17. Influencia de las Interpretaciones Prejudiciales del Tribunal de Justicia de la Comunidad Andina de Naciones en los Fallos de Propiedad Intelectual de la Sala Penal de la Corte Suprema de Justicia de Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florelia Vallejo Trujillo

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza los conceptos que desde la dogmática jurídica se aplican a las decisiones judiciales revisadas por la Sala Penal de la Corte Suprema de Justicia para la protección de los derechos de propiedad intelectual, a partir de la información recolectada de sentencias de dicho tribunal, así como del Tribunal de Justicia de la Comunidad Andina. La investigación no buscó precisar aspectos penales o procesales generales, pues se enfocó en la identificación de los conceptos de propiedad intelectual aplicados en el derecho penal, como sistema jurídico que apoya la protección de los bienes inmateriales.

  18. Civil Engineering: Improving the Quality of Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    One Feather, Sandra

    2002-01-01

    American Indian civil engineers describe the educational paths that led them to their engineering careers, applications of civil engineering in reservation communities, necessary job skills, opportunities afforded by internship programs, continuing education, and the importance of early preparation in math and science. Addresses of 12 resource Web…

  19. Educating Civil Engineers for Developing Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanley, D.

    1974-01-01

    Based on engineering teaching experience in Africa and Asia, ideas are presented on educating civil engineers for developing countries, especially those in Africa. Some of the problems facing educational planners, teachers, and students are addressed, including responsibilities of a newly graduated civil engineer, curriculum development, and…

  20. Remaking Public Spaces for Civil Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranson, Stewart

    2012-01-01

    The collective action predicaments of the time require citizens to participate in remaking the governance of civil society so that they can become engaged and cooperate together. Can citizens become makers of civil society? This article draws upon Hannah Arendt's "On Revolution" to provide a theory of remaking in which citizens come together to…

  1. Civil Society Participation at CONFINTEA VI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haddad, Sergio

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzes the participation of civil society in the Sixth International Conference on Adult Education held in Belem do Para, Brazil, 1-4 December 2009. As a foundation, the discussion first illuminates the important role that civil society in general plays in democratic issues and the relation between the state and society followed by…

  2. Native Americans and the Civil War.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibson, Arrell Morgan

    1985-01-01

    Details combat and conflicts between Native Americans and settlers before, during, and following the Civil War. Shows how the involvement of tribes in the Civil War and Reconstruction diminished their martial power and made them certain marks for conquest and relegation to reservations. (JHZ)

  3. Searching for extra-terrestrial civilizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gindilis, L. M.

    1974-01-01

    The probability of radio interchange with extraterrestrial civilizations is discussed. Difficulties constitute absorption, scattering, and dispersion of signals by the rarified interstellar medium as well as the deciphering of received signals and convergence of semantic concept. A cybernetic approach considers searching for signals that develop from astroengineering activities of extraterrestrial civilizations.

  4. Active Center of Islamic Dialogue Civilizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebrahim Moghimi

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available It is obvious that an essay have introduced about Dialogue Civilizations, at first must be start with a definition about it. Obviously, this simple definition is almost difficult. Defining of Dialogue Civilizations is complex and difficult as far as it need to a vast range of definitions. In this essay will argue that how ever definition of Dialogue Civilization is different, can only seek as specific of intemporall and special situations that are in real-life. As well as this essay emphasize to practice of environmental (realm in Islamic countries. The philosophy of this essay is that, what is the share of Islamic environments with regard to looking at Civilizations special phenomena. The first attitude is that Islamic civilization includes different spaces around the globe. The second attitude is that Islamic Civilization includes developing of other Civilizations realm. The third is that in the realm of Islamic Civilization live different human life and this is an important starting point for Cultural Dialogue in the Islamic countries together. The fourth is that, there are expanding (space, population, political systems, organs and economic is different, that we will describe them in this essay.

  5. PRIORITY RIGHTS IN THE RUSSIAN CIVIL LAW

    OpenAIRE

    Shaidurov I. V.

    2014-01-01

    In this article we consider the category of priority rights in the Russian civil law. The author gives a brief historical analysis of this important institution of civil law, consistently considering priority rights in different legal situations and formulates the concept of priority rights

  6. 49 CFR 235.9 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil penalty. 235.9 Section 235.9 Transportation... SIGNAL SYSTEM OR RELIEF FROM THE REQUIREMENTS OF PART 236 § 235.9 Civil penalty. Any person (an entity of... violates any requirement of this part or causes the violation of any such requirement is subject to a...

  7. Promoting Civil Discourse in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birnie, Billie F.

    2016-01-01

    Teachers are responsible for what happens in their classrooms, and promoting civil discourse should be among their top priorities. Not only should they model civil speech and behavior, but they also should establish clear boundaries for students, create a climate that nourishes courteous exchange, and help students build vocabularies that enable…

  8. 46 CFR 80.40 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil penalty. 80.40 Section 80.40 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) PASSENGER VESSELS DISCLOSURE OF SAFETY STANDARDS AND COUNTRY OF REGISTRY § 80.40 Civil penalty. For each violation of the regulations in this part, the owner,...

  9. 32 CFR 310.47 - Civil remedies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil remedies. 310.47 Section 310.47 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) PRIVACY PROGRAM DOD PRIVACY PROGRAM Privacy Act Violations § 310.47 Civil remedies. In addition to specific...

  10. 10 CFR 1008.15 - Civil remedies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil remedies. 1008.15 Section 1008.15 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) RECORDS MAINTAINED ON INDIVIDUALS (PRIVACY ACT) Requests for Access or Amendment § 1008.15 Civil remedies. Subsection (g) of the Act provides that an individual may bring...

  11. Sexually Violent Predators and Civil Commitment Laws

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beyer Kendall, Wanda D.; Cheung, Monit

    2004-01-01

    This article analyzes the civil commitment models for treating sexually violent predators (SVPs) and analyzes recent civil commitment laws. SVPs are commonly defined as sex offenders who are particularly predatory and repetitive in their sexually violent behavior. Data from policy literature, a survey to all states, and a review of law review…

  12. 7 CFR 1709.18 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... benefits and on equal employment opportunity including 7 CFR parts 15 and 15b; and 45 CFR part 90, as... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 1709.18 Section 1709.18 Agriculture... ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.18 Civil rights. This program will...

  13. 30 CFR 880.16 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR part 17) and shall give assurances of compliance in such form as may be required by the Director. ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 880.16 Section 880.16 Mineral... LAND RECLAMATION MINE FIRE CONTROL § 880.16 Civil rights. State and local authorities shall comply...

  14. 28 CFR 33.52 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the Department of Justice Non-Discrimination regulations 28 CFR part 42, subparts C, D, E, and G. ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 33.52 Section 33.52... Block Grants Additional Requirements § 33.52 Civil rights. The Justice Assistance Act provides that...

  15. 50 CFR 82.20 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... thereunder, 43 CFR part 17. ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil rights. 82.20 Section 82.20 Wildlife... (MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972) Administration § 82.20 Civil rights. Each cooperative...

  16. 28 CFR 65.52 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR part 42, subparts C, D, E, and G. ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 65.52 Section 65.52... Additional Requirements § 65.52 Civil rights. The Act provides that “no person in any state shall on...

  17. 38 CFR 21.7310 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 21.7310... Bill-Active Duty) Administrative § 21.7310 Civil rights. (a) Delegation of authority concerning Federal... Rights Act of 1964; (2) Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972, as amended; (3) Section...

  18. 7 CFR 3550.3 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... CFR part 1901, subpart E. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 3550.3 Section 3550.3 Agriculture... DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General § 3550.3 Civil rights. RHS will administer...

  19. 7 CFR 250.21 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... rights. Distributing agencies, subdistributing agencies and recipient agencies shall comply with the Department's nondiscrimination regulations (7 CFR parts 15, 15a, and 15b) and the FNS civil rights... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 250.21 Section 250.21...

  20. A construção social do mercado de trabalho no setor de construção civil nas obras do Programa de Aceleração do Crescimento (PAC: consensos e conflitos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Chaves Jardim

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Ao considerar as diversas interpretações existentes em torno do Programa de Aceleração do Crescimento (PAC, o texto busca identificar os arranjos do PAC na criação de postos de trabalho, enfatizando especialmente o mercado da construção civil, fomentado via Programa Minha Casa, Minha Vida. Para tanto, organizamos uma coleta de dados sobre as medidas e ações propostas pelo PAC durante os governos Lula e Dilma Rousseff, além da análise dos relatórios do Tribunal de Contas da União (TCU. Da mesma forma, realizamos análises documentais nos sites dos ministérios do Planejamento e da Fazenda e algumas entrevistas com trabalhadores da construção civil. Os dados foram tratados com inspiração da sociologia econômica, disciplina que considera que todo o mercado é uma construção social. No caso aqui analisado, o mercado de trabalho é resultado de uma construção social, mais especialmente o mercado de trabalho da construção civil, já que é resultante de diversos atores e instituições engajados na promoção do PAC, tais como o Estado, as empreiteiras, os sindicatos, os fundos de pensão etc. Os conflitos resultantes dessa construção social foram identificados.

  1. Data and Models Needed to Support Civil Aviation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onsager, Terrance; Biesecker, D. A.; Berger, Thomas; Rutledge, Robert

    2016-07-01

    The effective utilization of existing data and models is an important element in advancing the goals of the COSPAR/ILWS space weather roadmap. This is recommended to be done through innovative approaches to data utilization, including data driving, data assimilation, and ensemble modeling. This presentation will focus on observations and models needed to support space weather services for civil aviation and commercial space transportation. The service needs for aviation will be discussed, and an overview will be given of some of the existing data and models that can provide these services. Efforts underway to define the requirements for real-time data and to assess current modeling capabilities will be described. Recommendations will be offered for internationally coordinated activities that could identify priorities and further the roadmap goals.

  2. Supranational courts as engines for regional integration? A comparative study of the Southern African Development Community Tribunal, the European Union Court of Justice, and the Andean Court of Justice

    OpenAIRE

    Fanenbruck, Christina; Meißner, Lenya

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates the role of regional supranational courts in advancing integration within regional organizations by analyzing three courts. Over the course of the last decades the design of the European Court of Justice has been emulated by several other supranational courts, two of which are studied in this paper. The court of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the SADC Tribunal (SADCT), as well as the court of the Andean Community (CAN), the Andean Court of Justice (...

  3. Los toros y la legislaci??n espa??ola: a prop??sito de la sentencia del Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Catalu??a 854/2001 de 11 de julio

    OpenAIRE

    Lara S??nchez, Francisco Dami??n

    2010-01-01

    A partir del an??lisis de una sentencia del Tribunal Superior de Catalu??a y de las leyes espa??olas que proh??ben el maltrato animal, el autor sostiene que no existen aceptables argumentos jur??dicos, est??ticos o ??ticos para defender, como se hace en dichas leyes, que los espect??culos taurinos sean considerados una excepci??n a tal prohibici??n.

  4. Como levar o Supremo Tribunal Federal a sério: sobre a suspensão de tutela antecipada n. 91 How to take the Supremo Tribunal Federal (Brazilian Federal Supreme Court seriously: on the suspension of advance claim rights' concession n. 91

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Karam de Chueiri

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo analisa a suspensão da tutela antecipada n. 91 pelo Supremo Tribunal Federal, sob a perspectiva da teoria de Ronald Dworkin, relativamente à compreensão da necessária adoção de uma postura crítico-construtiva (política pelo Poder Judiciário, especialmente pela jurisdição constitucional. Neste sentido, toda decisão proferida pela Corte em favor de um direito fundamental deve prevalecer, desde que fundamentada em argumentos de princípio e que seja coerente com o sistema constitucional. Daí a idéia de que existem respostas certas no direito e que estas são melhores do que as que oferece tanto o convencionalismo jurídico, quanto o pragmatismo jurídico. A questão que se coloca é acerca da legitimidade da Corte, leia-se do Supremo Tribunal Federal, para ter a última palavra sobre as decisões (políticas do executivo e do legislativo, especialmente em relação às políticas públicas de governo por eles promovidas.This article aims at analyzing the suspension by Brazilian Federal Supreme Court of the suspension of advance claim rights' concession n. 91 under the perspective of Ronald Dworkin's theory, concerning the understanding that it is necessary for judiciary power to have a critical and construtive (political attitude in order to decide, especially for constitutional courts. In this sense, every decision rendered by the court in favor of a fundamental right must prevail, once it is founded on arguments of principle and it is coherent with the constitutional system. There, it follows the idea that there are right answers in law and that these are better than those offered by legal conventionalism or legal pragmatism. Then, ir also follows the question about the legitimacy of the court, that is, does the Supremo Tribunal Federal should have the last word on decisions of the executive and legislative powers, especially concerning their public policies?

  5. 'War neurosis' during the Spanish Civil War (1936-39).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villasante, Olga

    2010-12-01

    The aim of this contribution is to analyse the incidence and treatment of war neurosis in Madrid during the Spanish Civil War. First, the scientific papers published on war neurosis during and after the war are examined. Then the work of Gregorio Bermann (1894-1972), a member of the International Brigades who organized the frontline Neuropsychiatric Service at the Hospital de Chamartín de La Rosa (Madrid), is analysed. Las neurosis en la guerra, published in 1941, which recounts Bermann's personal experience in the care of war neurosis in Spain, is also discussed.

  6. Monitoring of radioactivity in the environment 2008-2009. Results of NRPA Radnett and air filter stations and from Civil Defence radiac measure service; Overvaaking av radioaktivitet i omgivelsene 2008-2009. Resultater fra Straalevernets Radnett- og luftfilterstasjoner og fra Sivilforsvarets radiac maaletjeneste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moeller, Bredo; Dyve, Jan Erik

    2010-07-01

    The Report summarizes the data from Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority and The Norwegian Civil Defence monitoring programs for radioactivity in the environment in 2008 and 2009. A short description of the systems is also presented. (Author)

  7. Limits of civil and environmental responsibility in transport through pipelines; Limites da responsabilidade civil e ambiental no transporte por dutos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leao, Andreia Carneiro [EnviroCompliance Assessoria Ambiental (Brazil); Natalizim Luiz Guilherme Samico [Webler e Advogados Associados, Macae, RJ (Brazil)

    2003-07-01

    Throughout the historic evolution of the Brazilian legislation, including a brief analysis of the prevailing laws regarding the subject, this paper provides an ample vision of the civil and environmental liability in transport contracts, and, especially, in the transport of oil and gas through pipelines, discussing the present influence of environmental norms and the New Brazilian Civil Code. And what was brought to a conclusion is, if on one hand were kept the liability of the Sender (user company of the transportation service contracted with the Carrier) and Carrier (personal entity operator of the pipeline system), who respond jointly and regardless of fault for damages to third parties and the environment (extendible also to the owner of the product and to financial institutions that participate in some form in the contract), on the other hand the New Civil Code authorizes the National Petroleum Agency - ANP to rule the liabilities between the parties to the transport contract, providing greater safety to the system operators. (author)

  8. THE POETIC VECTOR OF CIVILIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikhail Epstein

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article regards poetry as the type of a world view that has profound effect on the social and technical development of civilization. Contrary to popular belief about the decline of poetry in the technological age, poetry, as the desire for imaginative comprehension and transformation of the world, remains the most powerful engine of civilization. There are new, non-linguistic forms of existence of poetry (outside of verses and books that are explored in the article: anthropoeia, biopoeia, kosmopoeia, noopoeia, sociopoeia, technopoeia… For example, the technique is no less metaphorical and symbolic than poetry is, but it embodies the energy of creation not in words, but in the poetically transfigured matter where each element is „playing” with nature, overcomes the force of gravity, the distances of time and space. Tehnopoeia as realized in aviation, rocketry, electronics, Internet, new means of communication, allows to see clearly the invisible, to hear the inaudible, to speak many languages. Technopoeia is the poetic aspect of technology as an activity that implements the creative aspirations of humans and the symbolic vision of the world. The article examines the „physics of poetry,” as it was understood by Surrealists, and shows that the poetic perception of things is not opposed to its utilitarian functions, but both can be harmoniously combined. Contemporatry science and technology aspire to implement a number of fundamental biopoetic and cosmopoetic metaphors: the universe — a computer, a planet — a living organism, the computer — the brain, the Internet — the nervous system, infectious viruses — computer and genes, the language of life — the process of writing… The metaphor becomes an integral part of the scientific outlook and the driving force behind the new discovery. Philology and poetics need to develop new methods of analysis of poetic phenomena as embodied not in verses, but in scientific thinking and

  9. Tropical Climate Dynamics and Civilizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haug, G. H.; Yancheva, G.; Peterson, L. C.

    2005-12-01

    Dr. James P. Kennett has been a leader in the area of rapid climate change. Jim and his son Douglas J. Kennett, a scientific archeologist, were among the first to make a serious effort to combine high-quality climate data with archeological information to study the impact of climate on societies. They argued about the 'strong relationship between climatically induced changes in environmental conditions and social, political, and economic responses' in coastal California during the past 2 millennia. One tropical climate archive with an appropriate memory for the most relevant sub-centennial to sub-decadal scale climate swings is the anoxic Cariaco Basin off northern Venezuela. Millimeter to micrometer-scale geochemical data in the laminated sediments of the Cariaco Basin have been interpreted to reflect variations in the hydrological cycle and the mean annual position of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) over tropical South America during the past millennia. These data with decadal to (sub)annual resolution show that the Terminal Collapse of the Classic Maya civilization occurred during an extended dry period. In detail, the Cariaco record reveals evidence for three separate droughts during the period of Maya downfall, each lasting a decade or less. These data suggest that climate change was potentially one immediate cause of the demise of Mayan civilization, with a century-scale decline in rainfall putting a general strain on resources and several multi-year events of more intense drought pushing Mayan society over the edge. Here, we present a new data set of comparable quality and resolution from Southern China. In the sediments of lake Huguang Maar in coastal southeast China, the titanium content and redox-sensitive magnetic properties record the strength of winter monsoon winds at subdecadal resolution over the last 16 thousand years. The record indicates a stronger winter monsoon prior to the Boelling-Alleroed warming, during the Younger Dryas, and

  10. Building enforcement capacity : Evidence from the Mexican civil service reform

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nieto Morales, Fernando; Heyse, Liesbet; del Carmen Pardo, María; Wittek, Rafael

    2014-01-01

    Building enforcement capacity, that is, attaining and sustaining control in order to implement changes, is crucial for the success of public management reforms. However, this aspect of public management reform does not receive much theoretical or empirical attention. This paper analyzes the process

  11. Evolving Markets for Commercial, Civil, and Military Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Marshall H.

    2003-01-01

    Recent commercial failures in the LEO market, declining budgets for research, and other political factors have made it difficult for entrepreneurs and financial institutions to realize returns from investments in new space transportation systems and satellites. This paper explores the major factors impacting future markets that make use of our space infrastructure. At the top of the list is the high cost of space access. This has been extremely expensive, and will continue to be expensive as long as space access remains low on the nation's priority list. While launch prices have generally been reduced over the past several years, they remain well above the elastic range of supply and demand. Our best estimate is that it will take an order of magnitude reduction to significantly expand the market. Projections about market segments that will represent future winners in space and launch demand forecasts are presented. Future markets, outside of traditional strongholds, are explored, including a long-term view of new commercial space activities, conventional and ambitious future/futuristic activities, and related business aspects.

  12. Les competències. La doctrina del Tribunal sobre la definició de les competències. Les competències exclusives, les compartides i les executives. - Las competencias. La doctrina del Tribunal sobre la definición de las competencias. Competencias exclusivas, compartidas y ejecutivas.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramon Riu

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available La doctrina de la Sentència 31/2010 sobre la definició estatutària de les categories competencials (251-257 Mercè Barceló i SerramaleraLa doctrina del Tribunal Constitucional sobre la definició de competències. Les competències exclusives, les compartides i les executives (258-261Antoni Bayona RocamoraLa doctrina de la Sentència 31/2010 sobre les competències executives (Xavier Bernadí GilLa doctrina del Tribunal sobre la definició de les competències. Les ompetències exclusives, les compartides i les executives (270-276Marc Carrillo LópezEls efectes de la Sentència sobre la definició estatutària de les competències: la «devaluació» jurídica dels estatuts d’autonomia (277-281Mercè Corretja TorrensLes categories funcionals de competències a l’Estatut d’autonomia de Catalunya. Comentaris a la Sentència 31/2010 (282-287Ramon Riu FortunyTipologia de les competències. El seu abast funcional: els articles 110 a 112 (288-294Joaquín Tornos Massostenella e no enmendalla (262-269 La doctrina de la Sentencia 31/2010 sobre la definición estatutaria de las categorías competenciales (251-257Mercè Barceló i SerramaleraLa doctrina del Tribunal Constitucional sobre la definición de competencias. Las competencias exclusivas, las compartidas y las ejecutivas (258-261Antoni Bayona RocamoraLa doctrina de la Sentencia 31/2010 sobre las competencias ejecutivas (sostenella e no enmendalla (262-270 Xavier Bernadí GilLa doctrina del Tribunal sobre la definición de las competencias. Las competencias exclusivas, las compartidas y las ejecutivas (271-277Marc Carrillo LópezLos efectos de la Sentencia sobre la definición estatutaria de las competencias:la «devaluación» jurídica de los estatutos de autonomía (278-283Mercè Corretja TorrensLas categorías funcionales de competencias en el Estatuto de Autonomía de Cataluña. Comentarios a la Sentencia 31/2010 (284-289Ramon Riu FortunyTipología de las competencias. Su alcance

  13. Noviolencia, desobediencia civil y ejemplaridad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia María de Mingo Rodríguez

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo intenta mostrar la íntima conexión entre el espíritu que anima la noviolenciaen Mahatma Gandhi y la modalidad de práctica de dicha noviolencia que representala desobediencia civil. No sólo se aborda aquella noviolencia y esta desobediencia en susrasgos básicos, destacándose la perplejidad que suscita la noviolencia en su asimetría eirreprocidad (respecto al acto agresivo, sino que expresamente se intenta articularlasde cara a pensar la relevancia de ambos conceptos para una educación y filosofía para lapaz. Es por ello por lo que se hace imprescindible traer a primer plano la importanciadel compromiso, la responsabilidad y el sacrificio que comporta la noviolencia, a finde que se los pueda hacer trascender socialmente bajo la modalidad (decisiva en unacultura de paz de ejemplaridad y autoridad, muy relevantes para que la noviolenciagane prestigio social real (y no un prestigio utópico.

  14. INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION AN EMPIRICAL STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    Deepak S. Vede

    2015-01-01

    The excavations carried in Western India have brought to light the important civilization of the Indus Valley. This is the most important civilization of the prehistoric period. The sites of this civilization are Mohenjo-Daro, meaning the Mound at the Dead, on the Indus in Sind and the other Harappa on the Ravi in the Montqomery district of the Punjab. The surrounding region of Moh enjo-Daro is wonderfully fertile and is called even today Nakhlistan or the “Garden of Sind”. Here, the city ...

  15. Citizenship, Democratic Participation, and Civil Society

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boje, Thomas P.

    2015-01-01

    the relationship between market, state, civil society and family has been under restructuring due to the financial crisis and the retrenchment of the welfare state. This article tries to establish a frame for understanding the potential role of civil society organizations and the importance of introducing...... concerning provision of public goods. Second, the public sector is in need of information concerning marginalized groups and has problems representing these groups because of the growing diversity in the population. Only the civil society and its organizations seem to have the capability and resources...

  16. TO THE QUESTION OF THE PROMOTION AND AWARDING OF PUBLIC CIVIL SERVANTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ochakovsky V. A.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In this research, we discuss promoting and rewarding of civil servants. These methods represent system stimulants that affect the needs and interests of the public civil servant in order to induce him to conscientiously carrying out their duties. It is concluded that awarding and promotion are important parts of the incentive scheme for civil servants, because they show how faithfully and efficiently citizens do their job, and these methods pave the way for this fellow citizen doing their job perfectly. We must mention the material benefits obtained by a civil servant usually in the form of encouragement. It should be noted that in recent years actively updated current legislation has been promoting and rewarding measures that are established by different public authorities, which gives law enforcers more options in choosing the measures of rewarding and encouraging, relevant to labor achievements of citizens. The main legal source is the Law of 27 July 2004 N-79 "On State Civil Service of the Russian Federation,"[1] which established an indicative list of awards and rewards of public civil servant

  17. Homoparentalidade e desafios ao direito: O caso Silva Mouta na justiça portuguesa e no Tribunal Europeu de Direitos Humanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina Santos

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo examina a mobilização judicial em torno do reconhecimento do direito à homoparentalidade e a reconstrução dos direitos humanos à luz do caso Silva Mouta, iniciado nos tribunais portugueses em 1991 e encaminhado para o Tribunal Europeu de Direitos Humanos (TEDH em 1996. Este caso ilustra uma situação de discriminação por orientação sexual, verificando‑se a posição contraditória dos tribunais portugueses relativamente ao direito de um pai homossexual de exercer a parentalidade. O caso mostra, ainda, o modo como a mobilização judicial transnacional junto do TEDH, mesmo que individual, pode contribuir para a reconstrução dos direitos humanos e sexuais. O artigo reflecte tensões e disjunções entre diferentes escalas da justiça estatal e interestatal, por um lado, e entre o direito e a sociedade, por outro, num caso que trouxe para o campo judicial desafios sociais e jurídico‑políticos decorrentes de reivindicações de minorias sexuais num contexto predominantemente conservador.

  18. The Military Perpetrator: A Narrative Analysis of Sentencing Judgments on Sexual Violence Offenders at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inger Skjelsbæk

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the ways in which principal perpetrators of sexual violence crimes are situated in an international criminal court. It is based on a narrative psychological analysis of the sentencing judgments of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY. Specifically, the article argues that at least three narratives can be distinguished within the relevant legal texts: those of the chivalrous, the opportunistic and the remorseful perpetrator, each with a distinct plot structure: that of being a normal person responding adequately to a situation that is seen as normal; an abnormal person responding to what is seen as an abnormal (or extreme situation; and a normal person responding inadequately to what is seen as an abnormal (or extreme situation. The ways in which these plots come out depend on how the various voices in the courtroom position the perpetrator within the stories. Ultimately, these narratives represent different stories of how militarism and masculinity intersect to create different understandings of the soldier and military behavior. The mere analysis of this material, i.e. how sexual violence crimes are discussed in theatre in an international criminal court, is a scholarly contribution to the understanding of how sexual violence perpetrators can be situated in a war setting, and after. The findings suggest new perspectives on military perpetrators and changes in what is considered normal and abnormal behavior in military settings.

  19. La jurisdicción del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos en casos de extradición. A propósito del caso Klein c. Rusia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Schneider

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Analizamos la decisión del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos –TEDH– en el caso Klein c. Rusia de un ciudadano israelí requerido en extradición por Colombia para la ejecución de una sentencia por entrenamiento de grupos paramilitares. La decisión es presentada en el marco más amplio de la jurisprudencia del TEDH en casos de extradición desde Estados europeos a terceros Estados donde existe el riesgo de violación de los derechos humanos. Desarrollamos los principios que el TEDH aplica en estos casos y verificamos su aplicación en el caso Klein c. Rusia, tomando en cuenta también la opinión separada de los jueces minoritarios. En las conclusiones presentamos una perspectiva sobre cómo evitar la impunidad de perpetradores de violaciones de derechos humanos que no pueden ser extraditados por razones humanitarias.

  20. O Tribunal de Contas de Sergipe e suas resoluções para avaliar a receita e despesa em educação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas Davies

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo examinou resoluções do Tribunal de Contas de Sergipe para a contabilização da receita e da despesa vinculadas à manutenção e ao desenvolvimento do ensino (MDE e constatou oscilação e equívocos em seus procedimentos, caracterizados por omissão de informações, suposições inadequadas e falhas na contabilização das despesas e no lançamento de dados. Em síntese, a análise das resoluções permite concluir que a educação pública em Sergipe perdeu e provavelmente ainda perde muitos recursos legalmente devidos, pelo fato de a receita e a despesa não serem corretamente contabilizadas pelo TC, embora isso nada garanta, pois os governos não parecem muito preocupados em cumprir as determinações do TC. Afinal, mesmo quando não aplicam o percentual mínimo em educação, os governos estaduais não sofrem intervenção da União; nem as prefeituras, do governo estadual, conforme previsto na Constituição Federal.

  1. 75 FR 60757 - Office for Civil Rights; Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Department of Health and Human Services, Chapter AT, Office for Civil Rights (OCR), as last amended at 69 FR... Improvement Act (PSQIA) patient safety protections, the Director provides leadership, priorities, guidance and... Deputy Director for Enforcement and Regional Operations include: (1) Providing leadership,...

  2. OSSA end line report - MFS II country evaluations, Civil Society component

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klaver, D.C.; Jacobs, J.; Terefa, W.; Getaw, H.; Getu, D.

    2015-01-01

    This report describes the findings of the end line assessment of the Ethiopian Organisation for Social Services for AIDS (OSSA) that is a partner of Cordaid. It assesses OSSA’s contribution towards strengthening Civil Society in Ethiopia using the CIVICUS analytical framework. It is a follow-up of a

  3. 78 FR 55257 - Patient Safety and Quality Improvement: Civil Money Penalty Inflation Adjustment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-10

    ... for Healthcare Research and Quality. The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Rule, 73 FR 70732 (Nov... maximum CMP amount for violations of the confidentiality provisions of the Rule. (74 FR 42777 (Aug. 25... HUMAN SERVICES Patient Safety and Quality Improvement: Civil Money Penalty Inflation Adjustment...

  4. 50 CFR 11.26 - Reporting service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reporting service. 11.26 Section 11.26 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR TAKING... PROCEDURES Hearing and Appeal Procedures § 11.26 Reporting service. Copies of decisions in civil...

  5. 5 CFR 531.406 - Creditable service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Creditable service. 531.406 Section 531.406 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PAY UNDER THE GENERAL SCHEDULE Within-Grade Increases § 531.406 Creditable service. (a) General. Civilian employment...

  6. Rhetorical Alliances in the Civil Rights Era.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asante, Molefi Kete

    1985-01-01

    Analyzes the rhetorical mode of the civil rights movement and gives some attention to the problematic convergence of white and Black progressive writers. Focuses on two recurring metaphors used to describe the condition of Blacks: invisibility and Black Power. (KH)

  7. A Universal Model of Global Civil Unrest

    CERN Document Server

    Braha, Dan

    2012-01-01

    Civil unrest is a powerful form of collective human dynamics, which has led to major transitions of societies in modern history. The study of collective human dynamics, including collective aggression, has been the focus of much discussion in the context of modeling and identification of universal patterns of behavior. In contrast, the possibility that civil unrest activities, across countries and over long time periods, are governed by universal mechanisms has not been explored. Here, we analyze records of civil unrest of 170 countries during the period 1919-2008. We demonstrate that the distributions of the number of unrest events per year are robustly reproduced by a nonlinear, spatially extended dynamical model, which reflects the spread of civil disorder between geographic regions connected through social and communication networks. The results also expose the similarity between global social instability and the dynamics of natural hazards and epidemics.

  8. On the detectivity of advanced galactic civilizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagan, C.

    1973-01-01

    Even with slow rates of technological advance, extraterrestrial civilizations substantially in our future will have technologies and laws of nature currently inaccessible to us, and will probably have minimal interest in communicating with us. If this communication horizon is about 1000 years in our future, other crude estimates previously published imply that only about .0001 of the technical civilizations in the Galaxy are accessible to us. The mean distance to the nearest such society is then about 10,000 light years. Radio detection of extraterrestrial intelligence seems to imply either (1) much larger telescopes or antenna arrays for the detection of civilizations within our Galaxy than now exist; or (2) attention to the nearer extragalactic systems, with smaller radio telescopes, to detect the very small fraction of very advanced societies which may choose to make their presence known to emerging civilizations via antique communication modes.

  9. 76 FR 71431 - Civil Penalty Calculation Methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-17

    ... Uniform Fine Assessment (UFA) algorithm, which FMCSA currently uses for calculation of civil penalties... penalty is less than $2,000, however. In such cases, the UFA algorithm may generate a gross revenue...

  10. Liabilities in E and P contracts; Responsabilidade civil na prestacao de servicos nos contratos de E e P

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gondinho, Andre Osorio [Escritorio Doria, Jacobina, Rosado e Gondinho Advogados Associados, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The purpose of this article is to debate legal controversies and propose solutions to issues related to the civil liability (contractual and extra-contractual) in the rendering of services in Exploration and Production (E and P) contracts, aiming at minimizing risks and reducing excessive costs for the concessionaires and service providers in the Brazilian Oil and Gas Industry. (author)

  11. 5 CFR 185.128 - Form, filing and service of papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Form, filing and service of papers. 185.128 Section 185.128 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.128 Form, filing and service of papers. (a) Form. Documents filed...

  12. Civil Engineering in Primary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Martin; Strong, Alan

    2010-01-01

    For many children of primary school age, an engineer is the man who comes to service the central heating system or who fixes the family car when it breaks down. Most have never met a "real" professional engineer, and have no idea of what is involved in the exciting world of engineering. Most assume that engineers are men. To try to remove these…

  13. The Effect of Management on Erosion of Civil War Battlefield Earthworks

    OpenAIRE

    Azola, Anthony

    2001-01-01

    Since 1936 National Park Service has been charged with preserving Civil War Earthworks while allowing public access. Soil erosion, both natural and human-induced, is a major concern facing the preservation of the earthworks. Currently, the National Park Service is committed to preserving these earthworks for future generations by determining which maintenance activities cause the least soil erosion. This study was undertaken to determine which management practice; burned, mowed, park-fores...

  14. The search for signals from extraterrestrial civilizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, J. C. G.

    1973-01-01

    The probability that a star has a habitable planet with a communicative civilization is investigated. One approach to the search problem is to assume that the other civilization will do most of the work, which implies that the search is limited to 'supercivilizations' able to transmit detectable signals in all directions all the time. The development of an optimal search strategy is discussed together with questions of the probability of success.

  15. Active interaction control for civil structures

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Luo-Jia

    1997-01-01

    This thesis presents a civil engineering approach to active control for civil structures. The proposed control technique, termed Active Interaction Control (AIC), utilizes dynamic interactions between different structures, or components of the same structure, to reduce the resonance response of the controlled or primary structure under earthquake excitations. The primary control objective of AIC is to minimize the maximum story drift of the primary structure. This is accomplished by timing th...

  16. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalina Mititelu

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available According to the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights adopted by the United Nations, in 1966, the human being who enjoy his civil and political rights, enjoy in fact that “humanitas dignitas” (human dignity, since these rights derive from this. That is why this Covenant stipulated that the States parties are obligated to assure both the recognitions of these rights and their exercise and juridical protection.

  17. 34 CFR 85.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act of 1988 (31 U.S.C. 3801-3812). Authority: E.O. 12549 (3 CFR, 1986 Comp., p. 189); E.O 12689 (3 CFR, 1989 Comp., p. 235); 20 U.S.C. 1082, 1094, 1221e-3 and 3474; and Sec... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil judgment. 85.920 Section 85.920 Education...

  18. Ecological Engineering and Civil Engineering works

    OpenAIRE

    Van Bohemen, H.D.

    2004-01-01

    This thesis provides a survey of the research results of the relationship between on the one hand the construction, management and maintenance of civil engineering works, and on the other hand the environment, nature and landscape, with the main focus on motorways and coastal protection. The growing number and increase in size of civil engineering works and the growing need for protection measures of the sandy coasts have led to an ever increasing risk of adverse effects on the nature and lan...

  19. La desobediencia civil como recurso de la sociedad civil para el alcance de la justicia

    OpenAIRE

    Dora Elvira García GONZÁLEZ

    2006-01-01

    En este escrito se presenta la propuesta de Rawls en torno a la posible desobediencia civil ante una autoridad democrática legítimamente establecida. La desobediencia civil rawlsiana muestra pretensiones antiautoritarias en función del mantenimiento de un orden justo, y cuyo gestor se ubica en la sociedad civil. Ahí se comparten valores tales como la justicia, la diversidad, el respeto mutuo, el sentido de dignidad y el respeto a la libertad. La sociedad civil está conformada por elementos ta...

  20. Galactic civilizations - Population dynamics and interstellar diffusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, W. I.; Sagan, C.

    1981-01-01

    A model is developed of the interstellar diffusion of galactic civilizations which takes into account the population dynamics of such civilizations. The problem is formulated in terms of potential theory, with a family of nonlinear partial differential and difference equations specifying population growth and diffusion for an organism with advantageous genes that undergoes random dispersal while increasing in population locally, and a population at zero population growth. In the case of nonlinear diffusion with growth and saturation, it is found that the colonization wavefront from the nearest independently arisen galactic civilization can have reached the earth only if its lifetime exceeds 2.6 million years, or 20 million years if discretization can be neglected. For zero population growth, the corresponding lifetime is 13 billion years. It is concluded that the earth is uncolonized not because interstellar spacefaring civilizations are rare, but because there are too many worlds to be colonized in the plausible colonization lifetime of nearby civilizations, and that there exist no very old galactic civilizations with a consistent policy of the conquest of inhabited worlds.

  1. Judicial civil procedure dragging out in Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rrustem Qehaja

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article tends to deal with one of the most worrying issues in the judicial system of Kosovo the problem of judicial civil procedure dragging out. The article analyses the reasons of these dragging outs of the judicial civil procedure focusing on the context of one of the basic procedural principles in civil procedure-the principle of economy or efficiency in the courts. Dragging out of civil procedure in Kosovo has put in question not only the basic principles of civil procedure, but it also challenges the general principles related to human rights and freedoms sanctioned not only by the highest legal act of the country, but also with international treaties. The article tends to give a reflection to the most important reasons that effect and influence in these dragging outs of civil procedure, as well as, at the same time aims to give the necessary alternatives to pass through them by identifying dilemmas within the judicial practice. As a result, the motives of this scientific paper are exactly focused at the same time on identifying the dilemmas, as well as presenting ideas, to overstep them, including the judicial practice of the European Court of Human Rights on Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights, by which it is given the possibility to offering people efficient and within a reasonable time legal protection of their rights before national courts. For these reasons, the paper elaborates this issue based on both, the legal theory and judicial practice.

  2. Potentials for Horizontal Cooperation in a Centralized Setting: Empirical Research on Hungarian Civil Servants’ Perceptions on Public Administration Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márton GELLÉN

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article describes empirical findings regarding the perceptions of the Hungarian central civil service on outsourcing and other forms of cooperation. The findings summarized in this article are part of a vast empirical research effort that took place in 2014 – shortly after the wave of a comprehensive centralization that affected the entire corpus of Hungarian public administration from the local level to the ministerial level. The complete research design consisted of qualitative and quantitative elements, the latter containing an online questionnaire sent out to 40.000 addresses within the Hungarian central civil service. According to the empirical findings of the study, outsourcing as a general concept does not have significant support among Hungarian civil servants while other forms of cooperation with external players are far from being rejected. The current study throws light on what civil servants think about internal and external forms of cooperation such as delegation, involvement in decisions or government-civil society and government- market arrangements. The article displays the research findings on the stakeholder perceptions regarding outsourcing, insourcing and PPPs in the light of corresponding theory and development path analysis applied to the case of Hungary. The article embraces stakeholder and civil service perceptions on outsourcing and offers a context in which it can be better understood.

  3. 14 CFR 375.11 - Other foreign civil aircraft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Other foreign civil aircraft. 375.11... PROCEEDINGS) SPECIAL REGULATIONS NAVIGATION OF FOREIGN CIVIL AIRCRAFT WITHIN THE UNITED STATES Authorization § 375.11 Other foreign civil aircraft. A foreign civil aircraft other than those referred to in §...

  4. Civil Technology Applications. Teacher Edition [and] Student Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schertz, Karen

    Teacher and student editions of Civil Technology Applications are one in a series of competency-based instructional materials for drafting and civil technology programs. It includes the technical content and tasks necessary for a student to be employed as a drafter or civil technician in a civil engineering firm. Introductory pages in the teacher…

  5. 33 CFR 1.07-95 - Civil and criminal penalties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... GENERAL GENERAL PROVISIONS Enforcement; Civil and Criminal Penalty Proceedings § 1.07-95 Civil and criminal penalties. (a) If a violation of law or regulation carries both a civil and a criminal penalty... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil and criminal penalties....

  6. Civility in Politics and Education. Routledge Studies in Contemporary Philosophy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mower, Deborah, Ed.; Robison, Wade L., Ed.

    2011-01-01

    This book examines the concept of civility and the conditions of civil disagreement in politics and education. Although many assume that civility is merely polite behavior, it functions to aid rational discourse. Building on this basic assumption, the book offers multiple accounts of civility and its contribution to citizenship, deliberative…

  7. 78 FR 5760 - Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-28

    ... Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers 33 CFR Part 326 RIN 0710-AA66 Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation... Engineers (Corps) is proposing to amend its regulations to adjust its Class I civil penalties under the... civil penalties to account for inflation is required by the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation...

  8. 41 CFR 105-68.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil judgment. 105-68... Administration 68-GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 105-68.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of competent...

  9. 49 CFR 599.514 - Assessment of civil penalties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Assessment of civil penalties. 599.514 Section 599... ASSISTANCE TO RECYCLE AND SAVE ACT PROGRAM Enforcement § 599.514 Assessment of civil penalties. (a) Not later... Hearing Officer's assessment of a civil penalty, or decision not to assess a civil penalty. In...

  10. 32 CFR 935.21 - Civil rights, powers, and duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... INSULAR REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Civil Law § 935.21 Civil rights, powers, and duties. In any case in... the laws of the United States or this part, the civil rights, powers, and duties as they obtain under... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights, powers, and duties. 935.21...

  11. 25 CFR 11.501 - Judgments in civil actions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Judgments in civil actions. 11.501 Section 11.501 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Civil Actions § 11.501 Judgments in civil actions. (a) In all civil cases, judgment...

  12. 25 CFR 11.500 - Law applicable to civil actions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Law applicable to civil actions. 11.500 Section 11.500 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Civil Actions § 11.500 Law applicable to civil actions. (a) In all civil cases,...

  13. 49 CFR 1503.413 - Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES Assessment of Civil Penalties by TSA § 1503.413 Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty. (a) Issuance. TSA may initiate a civil penalty action under this section by serving a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty on the person charged with a violation of a TSA requirement. TSA will serve...

  14. 29 CFR 530.302 - Amounts of civil money penalties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Amounts of civil money penalties. 530.302 Section 530.302... EMPLOYMENT OF HOMEWORKERS IN CERTAIN INDUSTRIES Civil Money Penalties § 530.302 Amounts of civil money penalties. (a) A civil money penalty, not to exceed $500 per affected homeworker for any one violation,...

  15. Risk Analysis in Civil Engineering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thoft-Christensen, Palle

    Until fairly recently there has been a tendency for structural engineering to be dominated by deterministic thinking, characterised in design calculations by the use of specified minimum material properties, specified load intensities and by prescribed procedures for computing stresses...... of strength are generally not known, In contrast in the field of hydraulic systems, much more is known about the actual performance of, say, pipe networks, weirs, spillways, ect., as their performance in service can be relatively easily observed or determined....

  16. Significance of Operating Environment in Condition Monitoring of Large Civil Structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sreenivas Alampalli

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Success of remote long-term condition monitoring of large civil structures and developing calibrated analytical models for damage detection, depend significantly on establishing accurate baseline signatures and their sensitivity. Most studies reported in the literature concentrated on the effect of structural damage on modal parameters without emphasis on reliability of modal parameters. Thus, a field bridge structure was studied for the significance of operating conditions in relation to baseline signatures. Results indicate that in practice, civil structures should be monitored for at least one full cycle of in-service environmental changes before establishing baselines for condition monitoring or calibrating finite-element models. Boundary conditions deserve special attention.

  17. Civil Rights for Trafficked Persons: Recommendations for a More Effective Federal Civil Remedy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shannon Lack

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available In response to increasing public awareness of human trafficking in the United States, the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act (TVPA was signed into law by President Bill Clinton in October of 2000. The TVPA consolidated existing legislation to create a comprehensive civil remedy; this ensures that trafficking victims are no longer forced to seek redress under multiple criminal and civil statutes that target only components of the human trafficking offense. However, despite its status as the first comprehensive anti-trafficking legislation to be enacted in the United States, the TVPA fails to sufficiently address human trafficking concerns. It is suggested that the failure of the TVPA is a result of both the prosecutorial focus of the legislation, a focus which tends to overlook victims’ civil rights, and the contingency of TVPA benefits upon adherence to the prosecutorial process. In response to the shortcomings of the TVPA, the legislation was amended by the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2003 (TVPRA to provide a civil remedy for trafficking victims. The civil remedy confers on trafficking victims the private right to vindicate their civil rights and hold their traffickers directly accountable for their exploitative acts. By directly compensating victims, the civil remedy acts as a financial deterrent against traffickers and provides a private enforcement anti-trafficking policy. In pursuing the civil remedy, trafficking victims possess several advantages over the prosecutorial process of the TVPA and other civil causes of action. However, despite its advantages, the civil remedy is infrequently utilized thus frustrating congressional intent that victims advance antitrafficking policy by enforcing a civil remedy against their traffickers.

  18. Amendment works of the Korean civil code (Property Law)

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Sang Yong

    2001-01-01

    "The Korean Civil Code is currently in the process of amendment. The government expects to submit a proposal for amending the Civil Code to this year's regular session of the National Assembly. However, considering the extent to which the works for amending the Civil Code being in process by the Civil Code amendment committee have thus far advanced, submission of the proposal for Civil Code amendment within this year’s regular session of the National Assembly can be considered ...

  19. Civil society and the ‘commanding heights’:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spear, Roger; Paton, Rob

    Civil society associations, including voluntary and community groups, trade unions, faithbased organisations, co-operatives and mutuals, have long influenced the economy. Civil society associations can run businesses and they can run organisations that aim to influence businesses. Together......, these two sorts of association help to grow a civil economy. This paper reviews the history of the civil economy and looks ahead to how it may come to have a greater influence in the future. During industrialisation, many civil...

  20. The Emergence of Civilization [and] Case Studies in the Emergence of Civilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellison, Jack

    This secondary level anthropology textbook emphasizes the comparison of the patterns of culture change which resulted in complex societies (civilizations) in six different areas around the world. The textbook stresses problem-solving and is centered around three questions: In what manner and through what stages did these civilizations evolve? What…

  1. A NATUREZA DÚPLICE DO DEPÓSITO ADMINISTRATIVO RECURSAL – ANÁLISE DA JURISPRUDÊNCIA DO SUPERIOR TRIBUNAL DE JUSTIÇA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MENDONÇA, João Josué Walmor de

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyze the jurisprudence of the Superior Court of Justice on the dual nature of the appeal bond at the administrative level and the implication of this account in the possible removal of the amount and method of creating release by tacit approval undertaken solely by the taxpayer. Not withoutreason, this implication considered by the Superior Court of Justice focuses directly on the conversion of the deposited amount in income for the entity. From another perspective, judicial decisions tend to create the law not only by individual standards or precedents, but, contrary to law, given the new type of tacit approval for releasemade solely by the taxpayer with clear purpose to prevent the decay to form the tax credit and it ensure income through the conversion of this deposit. Using the technique of trial and choice of thesis and purpose to mark the interests and resolve the conflicts facing the benefit to loved ones as a way to motivate and ensure thephenomenon of the fundamental guarantee to the motivation of the ruling. Therefore, this article intends to demonstrate that the act of will power has emanated from the way back to him, featuring a process of self destruction when considering dual nature of administrative deposit, with the purpose to constitute in per si a tax credit and prevent decay.O presente artigo tem como finalidade analisar a jurisprudência do Superior Tribunal de Justiça quanto à natureza dúplice do depósito recursal na esfera administrativa e a implicação dessa consideração na possibilidade do levantamento do montante e na criação de modalidade de lançamento por homologação tácita realizado unicamente pelo contribuinte. Não sem razão, esta implicação considerada pelo Superior Tribunal de Justiça incide diretamente na conversão do valor depositado em renda para o ente. De outro prisma, as decisõesjudiciais tendem a criar o Direito não só através de normas individuais ou de

  2. The Party Members’ Court: judicial control over intraparty disputes in Mexico El Tribunal de los Militantes: el control judicial de los conflictos intrapartidistas en México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier MARTÍN REYES

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Between 1997 and 2003, in a series of relevant cases, the Electoral Court of the Federal Judicial Branch (ECFJB increased its capacity to adjudicate intraparty disputes. This paper explains how the ECFJB, without a supporting legislation, was able to establish a direct and far reaching control over intraparty disputes such as the election of party leaders, the selection of candidates, or the punishment of party members. Following a strategic behavior approach, I will provide empirical evidence to prove that there was a negative correlation between the level of judicial control over the parties’ internal life, on the one hand, and the vulnerability of the ECFJB from the legislature and party leaders, on the other.Entre 1997 y 2003, el Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF emitió diversos criterios jurisprudenciales mediante los cuales incrementó su capacidad para conocer de conflictos generados al interior de los partidos políticos. Este artículo explica cómo el TEPJF, sin una legislación que le diera facultades para ello, pudo establecer un control directo y de largo alcance para resolver litigios relacionados con la elección de dirigentes partidistas, la selección de candidatos o la imposición de sanciones a militantes. Siguiendo un enfoque de comportamiento estratégico, se aportará evidencia empírica para probar la existencia de una correlación negativa entre el nivel del control judicial ejercido sobre la vida interna de los partidos, por una parte, y la vulnerabilidad del TEPJF frente al Poder Legislativo y las dirigencias partidistas, por la otra.

  3. How Global is Global Civil Society?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neera Chandhoke

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In recent times the concept of global civil society has made its appearance on national and international intellectual, as well as political agendas, in a major way. It is of some interest that two other concepts, both of which call for transcendence of national boundaries in precisely the same way as global civil society does, have also made their appearance on the scene of intellectual debates at roughly the same time: the concept of cosmopolitanism and that of transnational justice. All three concepts have dramatically expanded the notion of commitment to one’s fellow beings beyond the nation state. And all three concepts have extended critiques of policies that violate the dignity of human beings from national governments to the practices of inter-national institutions such as the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Trade Forum. In sum the inter-related concepts of global civil society, cosmopolitanism, and transnational justice have greatly enlarged the traditional domain of political theory. And yet for any political theorist who is acutely conscious of the phenomenon of power, these concepts are not unproblematic. For the practices of global civil society may just reinforce the intellectual and the moral power of the West over the postcolonial world. This is particularly true of say global human rights organizations. This paper will attempt to raise some questions of the concept and the practices of global civil society from the perspective of the countries of the South.

  4. Legal Regulation of Civil Servants in Russia and Germany Receiving Gifts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana Zimneva

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the conflict between the provisions of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, where the minimum amount of the bribe is not defined, and the provision of the Federal Law ‘On State Civil Service of the Russian Federation,’ which, on the one hand, contains an absolute ban on civil servants receiving gifts and other types of remuneration, while, on the other hand, Art. 575 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation admits a possibility for civil servants to receive gifts of an amount not exceeding 3,000 rubles in the performance of their official duties. This legal conflict necessitates conceptual clarification of such notions as ‘gift’ and ‘bribe.’The authors underline that a determining factor for establishing the legitimacy of the customary gifts given to government officials is whether the gifts were accepted by the officials, while executing their duties, without a prior agreement for an action or inaction. It is noted that the limitation of a gift’s maximum value to 3,000 rubles, as stated in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, creates an opportunity to abuse or evade the law.The article presents a comparative study of European laws, more specifically dealing with the institute of donation, and Russian legislation regarding the possibility of civil servants receiving gifts. German law does not single out ‘customary gifts;’ it simply does not admit the possibility of giving gifts or the right to receive gifts by German civil servants.The authors have developed proposals to improve the legal regulation concerning the giving of gifts to government officials in Russia.

  5. Perícia contábil trabalhista: um estudo multi-caso em processos lotados no tribunal de justiça do trabalho da comarca de sorriso (MT)

    OpenAIRE

    Clebia Ciupak; Adriana Krasnievicz Possamai; Jair Antonio Fagundes; Carlos Eduardo Facin Lavarda

    2008-01-01

    A presente pesquisa analisa processos judiciais trabalhistas e as causas que motivam ex-empregados a demandarem judicialmente contra seus ex-empregadores. Para tanto, realizou-se um estudo qualitativo do tipo multi-caso em processos lotados no Tribunal de Justiça do Trabalho da Comarca de Sorriso MT. Para o embasamento teórico foi necessário conhecer o âmbito da Perícia Contábil, as normas que regem a atuação do Perito Contábil e as prerrogativas que norteiam as leis trabalhistas como a Conso...

  6. Los toros y la legislación española: a propósito de la sentencia del Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Cataluña 854/2001 de 11 de julio

    OpenAIRE

    Lara, Francisco

    2010-01-01

    A partir del análisis de una sentencia del Tribunal Superior de Cataluña y de las leyes españolas que prohíben el maltrato animal, el autor sostiene que no existen aceptables argumentos jurídicos, estéticos o éticos para defender, como se hace en dichas leyes, que los espectáculos taurinos sean considerados una excepción a tal prohibición. From the analysis of a decision taken by the Superior Court of Catalonia and of the Spanish laws prohibiting animal mistreatment, the author maintains t...

  7. Le tribunal d’opinion de Tôkyô pour les « femmes de réconfort » The Tokyo opinion trial in help to former “comfort women”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rumiko Nishino

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Dès les années 1930, le Japon a organisé l’enlèvement et la déportation massive de jeunes femmes asiatiques dans les bordels militaires de campagne des territoires occupés. Or, bien que les faits aient été connus au moment du procès de Tôkyô (Tribunal militaire international pour l’Extrême-Orient, l’affaire fut largement passée sous silence, ces violences sexuelles envers les femmes n’étant pas reconnues comme des crimes de guerre à part entière. Suite à la mobilisation engagée par les survivantes coréennes et celles d’autres pays d’Asie au cours des années 1990, un tribunal d’opinion s’est tenu à Tôkyô en décembre 2000, à l’initiative de VAWW-NET (Violence Against Women in War Network, pour juger les responsables et envisager des mesures de réparation. L’article revient sur le sens de ce tribunal et dresse les perspectives à venir.Since the 1930s, Japan had organized the kidnapping and mass deportation of young Asian women into military brothels campaign in the occupied territories. Although the facts were known at the time of the Tokyo trial (the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, and trials of BC war criminals, sexual violence against women were not recognized as full war crimes, and the whole story remained was largely ignored until the coming out of Korean victims in the 1990s. Following the mobilization by those women from Korea and other Asian countries, an opinion court was held in Tokyo in December 2000, at the initiative of VAWW-NET (Violence against Women in War Network. The goal was to indict those responsible and to consider remedial measures. The article presents the meaning of the court and examines further perspectives.

  8. Global Civil Society and International Summits

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harrebye, Silas

    2011-01-01

    Research in the field of citizenship, civil society, and social movements in relation to larger democratic summits has either focused on radical confrontational elements of activism, broad public demonstrations, or the professional non-governmental organizations. In this article, I label the types...... a central role in today’s activist landscape. I develop these typological conceptual representations based on an understanding of civil society as a mediating catalyst. By presenting six versions of citizenship participation based on an analysis of diverse ends and means, I identify how each of them has...... is fruitful. In conclusion, the creative activist is revealed as a mediating figure in civil society pointing towards a new definition of ‘facilitating citizenship’....

  9. 5 CFR 1.4 - Extent of the excepted service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Extent of the excepted service. 1.4 Section 1.4 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE RULES COVERAGE AND DEFINITIONS (RULE I) § 1.4 Extent of the excepted service. (a) The excepted service shall include all...

  10. Optimal Vibration Control of Civil Engineering Structures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thesbjerg, Leo

    In designing large civil engineering structures, an important consideration is prospective dynamic loadings which may include earthquake ground motion, wind gusts, severe sea states and moving vehicles, rotating and reciprocating machinery and others. successful design of such structures requires...... providing for the safety and integrity of the structure, and in some cases also providing for a measure of comfort for the occupants during such loading which the structure and its occupants must endure. Due to these uncertainties, the civil engineering community has traditionally adopted a very...

  11. Disfuncionalidades del servicio civil en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Isaza E.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta las características del servicio civil colombiano y argumenta que este existe en un nivel formal, pero sufre de una brecha de implementación que ha conducido a la creación de una serie de disfuncionalidades en el sistema. Esta situación explica la discrepancia entre la imagen positiva que existe fuera del país frente a su servicio civil y la imagen que existe dentro, basada en el mal funcionamiento práctico del mismo.

  12. Biotechnologies and biomimetics for civil engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Labrincha, J; Diamanti, M; Yu, C-P; Lee, H

    2015-01-01

    Putting forward an innovative approach to solving current technological problems faced by human society, this book encompasses a holistic way of perceiving the potential of natural systems. Nature has developed several materials and processes which both maintain an optimal performance and are also totally biodegradable, properties which can be used in civil engineering. Delivering the latest research findings to building industry professionals and other practitioners, as well as containing information useful to the public, ‘Biotechnologies and Biomimetics for Civil Engineering’ serves as an important tool to tackle the challenges of a more sustainable construction industry and the future of buildings.

  13. AutoCAD Civil 3D - Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Luketić, Antonio; Padovan, Ivan

    2011-01-01

    AutoCAD Civil 3D je vrlo kompleksan i napredan program za geodeziju i građevinarstvo. Survey izbornik predstavlja mali dio tog softvera. U programu je sadržana mogućnost kreiranja vlastitih kodova kao i naredbi kojima možemo ubrzati vizualizaciju izmjerenih objekata. Njegovim korištenjem se znatno skraćuje vrijeme obrade podataka. Članak je napisan na temelju jednostavnog, ali korisnog primjera kojime smo željeli upoznati čitatelje s prilično nepoznatom aplikacijom koju nudi AutoCAD Civil 3D....

  14. The orthodontist’s civil responsibility post-orthodontic therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mayury Kuramae

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this work was to investigate what the orthodontist’s difficulties are, analyzing whether the adopted procedures are able to satisfy the complaints of individuals, who already concluded orthodontic therapy, according to the determinations of the civil code and the Costumer’s Defense Code, as well as the relationship between patient and professional. Methods: A questionnaire was sent by postal service to all the odonthology specialists inrolled in the CRO/RJ amounting to 990 professionals.Results: The percentual analysis of the analysis showed that 96.9% of them adopt some pattern of kind of contract. The majority (65.8%regards the orthodontist’s Civil Responsibility as a result. In case of reincident postrentation, 87.2% of the professionals inform the individual that it’s possible and also propose them orthodontic re-treatment. Concerning the conduct adopted by the orthodontist towards the individual’s dissatisfaction, 76.5%, anyhow, try to avoid a lawsuit. Conclusion: Some professionals may be subject to future court problems, there was wide divergence between professionals in relation to the time of filing of the orthodontic documentation and there was a relative same opinion of professionals in making an oversight of the patient in the period post-restraint.

  15. Neuropsychologist Experts and Civil Capacity Evaluations: Representative Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufmann, Paul M

    2016-09-01

    Clinical neuropsychologists accept more forensic referrals now and spend more time in forensic consulting than ever before. Recent surveys show weekly hours devoted to forensic consulting increased 97% in the past decade. During the same time period, the number of board certified neuropsychologists more than doubled. Under recently published Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychology, clinical neuropsychologists practice forensic psychology when applying scientific, technical, or specialized knowledge of neuropsychology to the law to assist in addressing legal, contractual, or administrative matters. Among those increasingly varied forensic referrals, clinical neuropsychologists are conducting more civil competency and capacity evaluations. Representative cases from three jurisdictions demonstrate how neuropsychologists provide expertize in matters involving testamentary capacity, contractual capacity, business judgments, and job capacity. Case presentations illustrate some of the strengths and weaknesses of neuropsychological evaluation of civil capacities. The article concludes with a "battle of experts" case involving five neuropsychologists with opposing opinions recently heard in a Federal Appellate court. Implications for neuropschology training and forensic competencies are considered. In offering quality services to the legal profession, neuropsychologists support the truth-seeking function of the judiciary, promote justice, protect the profession, and serve public policy.

  16. Reforma al sistema recursivo, la interpretación del Tribunal de Casación de la Provincia de Buenos Aires y la posible litigación recursiva en materia de Hábeas Corpus (por agravamiento de las condiciones de detención) y Medidas de Coerción Personal (plazos irrazonables de la prisión preventiva)

    OpenAIRE

    Lavalle, Agustín Matías

    2010-01-01

    Reforma al sistema recursivo, la interpretación del Tribunal de Casación de la Provincia de Buenos Aires y la posible litigación recursiva en materia de Habeas Corpus (por agravamiento de las condiciones de detención) y Medidas de Coerción Personal (plazos irrazonables de la prisión preventiva). Seudónimo: June El Tribunal de Casación Penal de la provincia de Buenos Aires y la problemática referida a la tramitación de cuestiones relacionadas con el agravamiento de las condiciones de detenc...

  17. CIVIL LIABILITY IN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea Marica

    2008-09-01

    é un dommage ou un préjudice. Le droit à un environnement écologique, sain et équilibré, est reconnu et garanti par la législation nationale, ainsi que par celle internationale.L’article 35 de la Constitution de la Roumanie, tel qu’il a été modifié par la Loi no. 429/2003, affirme, entre autres droits fondamentaux, le droit à un environnement sain, qui est une partie d’une troisième génération de droits, appelés droits de solidarité, qui peuvent être respectés non seulement par des efforts internes de l’Etat, mais aussi par la coopération entre l’Etat et les citoyens. Par la conclusion d’un accord d’association entre la Roumanie et l’Union Européenne, entré en vigueur en 1995, la Roumanie a assumé l’acquis communautaire de l’environnement, avec ses trois droits fondamentaux (le droit d’être informé au sujet de l’environnement, le droit de participer au processus de prise de décision concernant l’environnement et le droit de solliciter la réparation des dommages écologiques, ou l’annulation d’actes administratifs illégaux a joué un rôle important dans ce processus.Mots-clé: biodiversité, la protection de l’environnement, pollution, la réparation des dommages écologiques, responsabilité civile

  18. El derecho civil, los derechos civiles forales o especiales y el derecho civil autonómico

    OpenAIRE

    Plaza Penadés, Javier

    2012-01-01

    Para poder comprender el concepto y significado del Derecho Civil conviene previamente delimitar su contenido y comprender su consideración como Derecho Privado y como Derecho común, que es fruto de su evolución histórica.

  19. Some Basic Considerations about the Necessities and Possibilities of Cooperation between Civil Engineers and Engineering Geologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katzenbach, Rolf; Bachmann, Gregor

    The education of civil engineers and engineering geologists is different. While civil engineers are commonly educated and trained in mathematical and mechanical based sciences as statics, geotechnics, structural engineering etc. the education of engineering geologists is mainly based on natural science, added with some engineering courses. Nevertheless, the careers of both have in spite of their different priorities and capabilities - which all are necessary in complex building projects - several points of contact. Especially during the construction of tunnels, the cooperation of civil engineers and engineering geologists is important. For example the inhomogeneous rock and groundwater conditions have decisive importance for the bearing and deformation behaviour of those constructions. Therefore a detailed investigation program and a qualified geotechnical and geological interpretation and modelling is necessary. The typical field of a civil engineer is the examination of the structural stability (Ultimate Limit State - ULS) and the serviceability (Serviceability Limit State - SLS) of the construction due to Euro-Code (especially EC 1 and EC 7) and the corresponding national technical standards (codes, recommendations, guidelines etc.). A main activity of an engineering geologist is the assessment of the natural circumstances. The cooperation of both professions is settled in the valuation of the subsoil conditions before and during the construction process. The cooperation of engineering geologists and geotechnical engineers lies in the assessment of the subsoil conditions before and during the construction process of ambitious projects with special regard to the bearing and deformation behaviour which is highly influenced by the inhomogeneity and the variance of the subsoil conditions.

  20. Monitoring civil infrastructure using satellite radar interferometry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chang, L.

    2015-01-01

    Satellite radar interferometry (InSAR) is a precise and efficient technique to monitor deformation on Earth with millimeter precision. Most InSAR applications focus on geophysical phenomena, such as earthquakes, volcanoes, or subsidence. Monitoring civil infrastructure with InSAR is relatively new,