Donna Livesey; Craig Taylor; Pete Jones
Presents a summary of annual statistics, previously produced by the Cabinet Office and now the responsibility of ONS.This article presents a summary of annual Civil Service statistics for the year ending 30 September 2006, as published in July 2007. Previously produced by the Cabinet Office, responsibility for the collection and publication of these statistics is now with the Office for National Statistics (ONS). This transfer of responsibility was outlined in an ‘In brief’ article in the Feb...
International Labour Organization. Geneva
Triblex is a thematic database on the case law of the Administrative Tribunal of the International Labour Organization, which hears complaints from serving and former officials of the ILO, or of one of the thirty-odd international organizations that recognise its jurisdiction, about breach of the terms of their appointment or staff rules or regulations. Relevant passages of the Tribunal's reasoning can be located in the Triblex database in various ways, mainly using terms (descriptors) from the Triblex Thesaurus. The database is in English and French and can be searched in either language. It is intended for litigants, counsel, staff representatives, personnel managers and anyone with an interest in the law of the international civil service. Triblex est une base de données thématique sur la jurisprudence du Tribunal administratif de l'Organisation internationale du Travail. La saisine du Tribunal est ouverte aux fonctionnaires ou anciens fonctionnaires du Bureau international du ou des normes statutaires o...
The tagline rule under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA) of 1978 attempted to alleviate ratepayer concern over utility advertising costs by requiring certain ads to include information identifying the source of funding. The Utah Supreme Court ruled in the Kearns-Tribune Corp. case that the Public Service Commission (PSC) had no statutory authority to impose the tagline rule. The author examines the general background of the utility advertising problem, then discusses Utah case law in light of the Court's three-part analysis of the case. She concludes that the court will examine whether regulatory measures are closely connected to specific statutes in the future. If the court finds even a questionable degree of intrusiveness in utility management by the PSC, it is likely to launch an extensive search for alternative measures.
... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil service preference....357 Civil service preference ratings. For the purpose of certifying civil service disability preference only, a service-connected disability may be assigned an evaluation of “less than ten percent.”...
... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil Service regulations. 5.1 Section 5.1 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE RULES REGULATIONS, INVESTIGATION, AND ENFORCEMENT (RULE V) § 5.1 Civil Service regulations. The Director, Office of...
Tobias Boehm; Nadine Riedel
This paper investigates whether the institution of life time tenure for public sector employees affects the selection of workers into private and public sector occupation. Precisely, we argue that more generous employment protection for public sector employees may induce risk averse individuals to select into civil service employment even if they have a low intrinsic motivation and talent for this type of occupation. To empirically test for this effect, we exploit the natural experiment of th...
... Resize A A A Print Share Office for Civil Rights (OCR) I would like info on. . . Contact ... enter your contact information below. Email Office for Civil Rights Headquarters U.S. Department of Health & Human Services ...
Faheem Jehangir Khan; Musleh ud Din
Amid growing concerns on the popularity of the civil service among the students, the study reports the findings of a perception survey of enrolled university students. Contrary to common perceptions, the results suggest that the civil service still retains its allure among the potential entrants. Those who prefer the civil service as a career are more concerned with job security than those who prefer a job in the private sector. The Foreign Service of Pakistan appears to be the most favourite...
Hansen, Morten Balle
-term history of the Danish civil service system are analyzed. The basic characteristics of the current internal labor market of the civil service are analyzed as well as some recent changes in the system. Issues of politicization of the civil service are discussed and public opinion concerning the civil......In this article a descriptive analysis of the evolution and current challenges of the Danish civil service system is given. The focus is on the state administration. Theories of path-dependency and the transnational diffusion of ideas inform the empirical analysis. The broad features of the long...... service is examined. The Danish civil service system has been characterized by long-term gradual evolution and adoption of many of the prevailing institutions in medieval and modern European state administration. This adaptation to prevailing trends has been predominantly characterized by integration or...
Manda, Damiano Kulundu
Kenya’s civil service expanded rapidly after independence, becoming by far the largest in East Africa. Following economic decline since the 1980s, however, it became difficult for the government to sustain a large and inefficient public sector. To raise efficiency, extensive civil service reforms and changes in its incentive structure were necessary to reflect the government’s new priorities. The main factors affecting performance in the civil service include low salaries and allowances for t...
After the 1973 student demonstration marked a changing in Thai political history. The principle of Weberian bureaucracy such as political neutrality becomes the legal framework of the Civil Service under democratic environment. However, given the cultural values and their impact on the bureaucracy, any serious change must came from the top leadership.Another characteristic of the Thai's civil service is corruption practices. The close personal connections between politician, civil service, an...
Lao PDR is at a point on its development trajectory where strategic attention to administrative performance is crucial. An efficient and high-performing civil service, with the compensation and human resource management systems to attract and motivate qualified personnel, will be essential to Lao PDR's development efforts. The ministerial-level Public Administration and Civil Service Autho...
Victor Teodor Alistar
Full Text Available The main objective of this article is to examine the notion of management, as an area of study which analyses, regulates and renders the theoretical and technical support in order to provide rationality within the processes that unfold in the civil service. In order to accomplish this task, human resources management will be analyzed as a process which relies in exerting four main functions: ensuring, developing, motivating and maintaining the human resources, which are conditioned by external factors that must be taken into consideration, such as: legislative framework, labor force, unions, cultural context (here one includes management practices and philosophy, and economic circumstances. All these factors are considered to have a significant impact on the management of human resources.
...) Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 213.3102, see the List of CFR Sections Affected... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Entire executive civil service. 213.3102 Section 213.3102 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE...
The connection between administrative reform and civil society, was an issue on the agenda of the New Public Management (NPM) in the 1960's and 1970's. While reinventing government movement has stimulated both interest in and criticism of the impact on civil society of public sector entrepreneurship. Modernizing the civil service starts by \\bringing the citizens in". Therefore, a strong and sincere leadership in government's bureaucracy is needed. In the other words, building a strong and dem...
On November 22, Beijing’s Dongcheng District for the first time announced a 20-year official training program. The program says the district will send civil servants to perform temporary service in multinational companies, international organizations and
@@ On November 22, Beijing's Dongcheng District for the first time announced a 20-year official training program. The program says the district will send civil servants to perform temporary service in multinational companies, international organizations and in the governmental sectors of the United States and other developed countries. The annual budget for the temporary overseas civil service program is estimated at 50 million yuan ($7.5 million).
David Matthews; Andrew Taylor
SUMMARYThis article presents a summary of annual Civil Service statistics for the year ending 31 March 2009. It compares trends over time with a particular focus on gross annual earnings broken down to different groups in the workforce such as men, women, ethnic minorities and those with a disability.Previously produced by the Cabinet Office, responsibility for the collection and publication of Civil Service Statistics was transferred to the Office for National Statistics (ONS) in 2006. This ...
David Matthews; Andrew Taylor
This article presents a summary of annual Civil Service statistics for the year ending 31 March 2008. It compares trends over time with a particular focus on gross annual earnings broken down to different groups in the workforce such as men, women, ethnic minorities and those with a disability.Previously produced by the Cabinet Office, responsibility for the collection and publication of Civil Service Statistics was transferred to the Office for National Statistics (ONS) in 2006. This transfe...
Since the beginning of construction of European Union, very close relations between Member States were based on the existence of specific institutions to ensure the enforcement of the provisions of the Treaties. In order to ensure continuous and correct operation of the Community institutions, there is a strong demand for a professional group to operate inside and in the name of EU, the European civil service. Considering the civil service regulations in EU countries, there is a dispute betwe...
Times are changing and we inside of them. Public service is performed adequately if the conditions of continuity, equality and adaptability are accomplished. These principles are in a way “laws” of public service. The citizens rightly expect that public services adjust their actions to the changing demands of the 21st century. So, ccategorization of countries in the next century will be based on the quality of services provided to citizens, rather than on the quantity of these services. Gover...
Xu Jun; Chen Lin; Sun Lei
According to the basic ideas of the maturity model (Capability Maturity Model, CMM), the maturity model and its capability maturity comprehensive evaluation method of civil aircrafts’ customer service system are established from five aspects: Engineering and technical support, marketing and customer support, spare parts support, flight training and technical publications. Referencing survey results of the customer service satisfaction from airlines, weights was ...
Full Text Available Internet and expert systems have offered new ways of sharing and distributing knowledge, but there is a lack of researches in the area of web-based expert systems. This paper introduces a development of a web-based expert system for the regulations of civil service in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia named as RCSES. It is the first time to develop such system (application of civil service regulations as well the development of it using web-based approach. The proposed system considers 17 regulations of the civil service system. The different phases of developing the RCSES system are presented, as knowledge acquiring and selection, ontology and knowledge representations using XML format. XML-Rule-based knowledge sources and the inference mechanisms were implemented using ASP.net technique. An interactive tool for entering the ontology and knowledge base, and the inferencing was built. It gives the ability to use, modify, update, and extend the existing knowledge base in an easy way. The knowledge was validated by experts in the domain of civil service regulations, and the proposed RCSES was tested, verified, and validated by different technical users and the developers’ staff. The RCSES system is compared with other related web based expert systems, that comparison proved the goodness, usability, and high performance of RCSES.Keywords- Knowledge base; Ontology; RCSES; and Civil regulation;
Mofreh Hogo; Khaled Fouad; Fouad Mousa,
Internet and expert systems have offered new ways of sharing and distributing knowledge, but there is a lack of researches in the area of web-based expert systems. This paper introduces a development of a web-based expert system for the regulations of civil service in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia named as RCSES. It is the first time to develop such system (application of civil service regulations) as well the development of it using web-based approach. The proposed system considers 17 regulati...
Zainab, Bello; Bhatti, Muhammad Awais; Pangil, Faizuniah Bt; Battour, Mohamed Mohamed
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to highlight the factors that aid e-training adoption in the Nigerian civil service. Design/methodology/approach: This paper is based on a review of past literature from databases, reports, newspapers, magazines, etc. The literature recognised the role of perceived cost, computer self-efficacy, availability of…
During the last forty years, the willingness and capacity of the Malaysian public service to accept and implement administrative changes and reforms should be appreciated. This was especially true in the eighties when there was political backing to administrative reforms and what appeared to be a permanent agenda on such reforms by top administrative leadership. In order to anticipate challenges brought by globalization and economic liberalization, the civil service has to be more efficient i...
In April 1996 CERN awarded three contracts for the provision of civil engineering design and site supervision services associated with the LHC Project. These three contracts with an average value at signature of 12MCHF were placed using the “two envelope” award system. Eight firms from six member states were integrated into three Joint Ventures. For Projects prior to the LHC, CERN would have carried out the design and supervision using in-house staff. The change to out-sourced services represented a major step for CERN. After seven years, the contracts are now coming to their conclusion. This paper aims to discuss the reasons why these contracts were originally implemented, the lessons than have been learnt over the last seven years and conclusions on how CERN could approach the need for civil engineering design services in the future.
Le Pape, Marc
Les archives judiciaires constituent une source essentielle pour les études des sociabilités africaines en situation coloniale. Cet article prend appui sur l’analyse des procès tenus, entre 1923 et 1939, au tribunal du premier degré d’Abidjan, il vise à décrire les argumentations contradictoires par lesquelles femmes et hommes expliquent leurs différends dans l’espace du prétoire. Les registres issus des « juridictions indigènes » permettent également d’apprécier sur quels repères se fondent ...
... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Service of civil process within the United States. 516.10 Section 516.10 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION Service of Process § 516.10 Service of civil...
... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Functions of the Service under title VII of the Civil Service Reform Act. 1425.3 Section 1425.3 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL... Service under title VII of the Civil Service Reform Act. (a) The service may provide its assistance in...
Purpose – To discuss the FSA's enforcement action against the Royal Dutch/Shell group, which had been found to have made false or misleading announcements regarding its proved hydrocarbon reserves and reserves placement ratio's 1998-2003. Design/methodology/approach – Presents the facts forming the background to the case. Findings – Finds that the Chairman of Shell's defence in the case contains some justifiable points, although the tribunal's decision went against him. Originality/value – Ar...
... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Service of civil process outside the United States. 516.12 Section 516.12 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION Service of Process § 516.12 Service of...
Marčetić, Gordana; Prelec, Dubravka
The Croatian civil service is determined to be prepared for the EU membership and to create organisational and cultural environment that can attract, develop and retain qualified civil servants. Besides creating, amending and revising legal and institutional provisions this process will also require a profound change of the administrative and organizational culture. In the article the authors present legal and policy framework in the Croatian civil service system after the fall of socialism a...
Venter, Ernest Nordin
Identifying and prioritising effective service delivery drivers' in selected civil construction companies are more than merely satisfying customers' need. By successfully identifying and prioritising effective service delivery drivers within the selected civil construction companies, the companies will be able to achieve competitive advantage above their competitors. This study, by using a questionnaire as a measurement instrument, established that a gap currently exist betw...
Allyson Lucinda Benton
The Mexican public sector has undergone a dramatic reorganization and professionalization since the initiation of economic crisis and reform in 1982. Though such reforms appear to have improved efficiency in the provision of public services, administrative changes did not include the implementation of a national career civil service. (Note: The title in this original document is in Spanish, but the document itself is in English.)
markdownabstractOn 21 October 2011, hundreds of Mexican civil society organizations formally submitted a petition to the Lelio e Lisli Basso Foundation in Rome to justify the opening of a Mexican Chapter of the Permanent People’s Tribunals (PPT). The PPT was established in 1979 as the successor to the Russell Tribunals on Vietnam (1966–1967) and on the Latin American Dictatorships (1974–1976). The PPT is considered an ethical non-governmental tribunal and their sessions are described as a mec...
Introduces Rene Thom's catastrophe theory, which is based upon complex theorems in multidimensional geometry. Catastrophe theory analysis begins by identifying the occurrence of major discontinuities, or catastrophes, in a system such as civil service exams, resulting in catastrophic change. (KS)
Bogdan BERCEANU; Mihaela V. CĂRĂUŞAN
In the last decade the public administration system from most of the EU countries suffered many transformations in order to achieve the objectives proposed by the European Union, such as sustainable development. The civil service represented and still is a very important key factor for a success reformation of the administrative system, because it represents the main resource of the system. The analysis underlines the introduction of the public manager in the Romanian civil servic...
Achike, B. C.
This thesis describes and explains a recent industrial relations phenomenon, the "Industrial attitudes of active white-collar civil service trade unionists." It begins by tracing the problem facing the civil service trade unions back to the institutionalized low pay of their members and the apparently autocratic character of their employer. Evidence was gathered which showed that the Government, in its role as employer, had over the years gradually disarmed the representatives of its emplo...
The modern workforce is highly mobile. The challenge facing organisations is how to safeguard key expertise and knowledge in the face of staff mobility and turnover. The Irish Civil Service is still recovering from the impacts of significant loss of staff, and their knowledge and expertise, as a result of cutbacks over recent years. This project will establish the potential of using a Knowledge Management approach to support effective succession planning in the Civil Service. The literature r...
Fitzgerald, J M; Fitzgerald, L M
The threat of a wrongful discharge lawsuit should be a concern for every employer. However, Church employers can minimize their risk if they follow Church teaching in their employment practices and policies and if they use the Church tribunal system to settle employer-employee disputes. As it originally developed in common law, the "employment-at-will" concept stipulated that an employer could discharge an employee at any time, for any reason, or for no reason at all. Most states have adopted this common law concept, although courts and legislatures have created a number of exceptions to it. Despite these exceptions, employment-at-will has proven to be a powerful tool in the hands of employers. However, employees of Church institutions who feel they have been discharged wrongfully can turn to Church tribunals, which are governed by canon law. A Church tribunal can do virtually anything a civil court can do, with the exception of ordering someone to jail. Moreover, because the standards of justice and equity applied by Church tribunals are stricter than those applied by American courts, employees of Catholic institutions in the United States may make increasing use of them in the future. Disputes that come before a Church tribunal will be settled by either arbitration or mediation. Arbitration is a kind of informal litigation. Mediation, however, is preferable because it forces the parties involved to examine themselves, their motives, and their effects on each other and the Church as a whole. PMID:10112959
The goal of this study is to improve the competitiveness of professional librarians in society. To this end, we analyzed domestic and international LIS curriculum, determined demand from field librarians through a survey, carried out job analysis by library types, and developed an operating model for LIS curriculum by synthesizing all of these results. Finally, we suggested a course of study for civil service librarians based on this model. As a result, the six required courses for civil serv...
The aim of this paper is to analyse the experiences of creation, implementation and development of the competency framework of the Estonian top civil service and the possibilities of contributing to the attainment of the state’s strategic goals through the development of the competencies of top civil servants. Firstly, on the basis of selected literature, the paper provides a short overview of the notions of competencies and competency frameworks. Secondly, the paper describes the creation, i...
Hale, Richard; Saville, Martin
In the UK, the Civil Service Reform Plan is being implemented with urgency. This requires Civil Service departments and agencies to reform their structures and ways of working in order to deliver effective services in a climate of economic austerity and rapid social and technological change. Historically, Human Resource (HR) professionals have…
Full Text Available In the last decade the public administration system from most of the EU countries suffered many transformations in order to achieve the objectives proposed by the European Union, such as sustainable development. The civil service represented and still is a very important key factor for a success reformation of the administrative system, because it represents the main resource of the system. The analysis underlines the introduction of the public manager in the Romanian civil service hierarchy and the introduction of the concept dirigenza pubblica, a type of public management, in the Italian public administration. Moreover, we will present the introduction of the dirigente pubblico, public manager, in the Italian civil service system.
R.A. Icaza Garza (Rosalba)
markdownabstractOn 21 October 2011, hundreds of Mexican civil society organizations formally submitted a petition to the Lelio e Lisli Basso Foundation in Rome to justify the opening of a Mexican Chapter of the Permanent People’s Tribunals (PPT). The PPT was established in 1979 as the successor to t
Full Text Available The goal of this study is to improve the competitiveness of professional librarians in society. To this end, we analyzed domestic and international LIS curriculum, determined demand from field librarians through a survey, carried out job analysis by library types, and developed an operating model for LIS curriculum by synthesizing all of these results. Finally, we suggested a course of study for civil service librarians based on this model. As a result, the six required courses for civil service librarians are: Introduction to Library and Information Science, Information Organization, Information Services (Reference and Information Services, Library Management, Information Retrieval, and Field Work. The four core courses for the civil service concentration are: Collection Development, Information Sources by Subjects, Public Library Management, and Digital Libraries. Suggested electives best suited to this career path include Using Web Resources, Information Literacy, Information Services in Culturally Diverse Communities, Library Marketing, Libraries and Cultural Programs, Reading Guidance, Library History, Small Library Management, Studies in Library Buildings, Library Cooperation, Managing Digital Collections, and Information and Communication in a Digital Age.
Full Text Available In specific matters of conflicts of interest ethical issues in connection with the parties' legal representatives could occur in the course of arbitration proceedings. The purpose of this paper is to identify and investigate the current status of the arbitral tribunals and arbitral institutions power to sanction counsel’s misconduct in the event of conflicts of interest. Parties have a fundamental right to choose the counsel and in the same time the right to an independent and impartial tribunal, therefore the source of the arbitral tribunal power to disqualify a counsel is a hot topic. There are no express provisions granting arbitrators such power, only soft law instruments, but which have no binding effect as long as the parties do not agree on them. For these reasons, two renowned cases where international arbitral tribunals have dealt with the subject are examined. Developing “truly transnational” ethical rules and their implementation by the arbitral institutions might be a solution. Arbitral tribunals are establishing this issue on the basis of the undertaken and applied international soft law (professional guidelines which gained credibility and popularity and also became accepted international standards in the arbitration field.
Kıbrıs, Arzu; Metternich, Nils
Civil conflicts devastate public health both in the short run and in the long run. Analyzing novel data sets that include yearly information on public health and the availability of health professionals across provinces in Turkey in the 1964-2010 period, we provide empirical evidence for our theoretical argument that a major mechanism through which civil conflicts exert their long term negative influences on public health is by discouraging medical personnel to practice in conflict regions. We also assess the effectiveness of certain policy measures that Turkish governments have tried out over the years to counteract this mechanism. Our results reveal that the long running civil conflict in Turkey has been driving away doctors and other highly trained medical personnel from conflict areas and that mandatory service requirements do help counteract this flight. PMID:26708245
Valeo, Angela; Underwood, Kathryn
This paper examines Special Education Tribunals, in Ontario, Canada through a Luhmannian theoretical lens. At total of 58 Special Education Tribunal summary hearings were analyzed using the constant comparative method through NVivo software. The results revealed that these Tribunals appear to favour the assessment testimony of teachers and other…
Rosas Navarro, Ruth Magali
Full Text Available Black slaves in America related with the Inquisitorial tribune in multiple ways: as processed defendants, confiscated material goods, service within and outside the Holy Office's prisons, witnesses and plaintiffs of their masters. Regarding this last matter, one could say that the Holy Office became the Justice Tribune which dedfended these «ebony pieces» from their master's abuse.
Los negros esclavos en América se relacionaron de múltiples maneras con el tribunal inquisitorial: como reos procesados, bienes materiales confiscados, servicio dentro y fuera de las cárceles del Santo Oficio, testigos y denunciantes de sus amos. En este último sentido, el Santo Oficio se convirtió en Tribunal de Justicia que defendió a estas «piezas de ébano» del maltrato de sus amos.
Gilles J. Guglielmi
Full Text Available La marque de la séparation des Eglises et de l’Etat semble en France suffisamment forte pour que les points de contact entre service public et prière soient rares et plutôt indirects, à partir de comportements qui n’ont en général pas pour objet d’opposer le seul acte de prière aux normes juridiques et sociales environnantes. Néanmoins à partir des systèmes juridiques et des pratiques d’autres pays d’Europe, les arrêts pragmatiques de la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme révèlent une retenue comparable, même si leur fondement est nécessairement différent.Dans son ensemble, la jurisprudence de la Cour permet de constater que les Etats membres du Conseil de l’Europe ont parfois à l’égard de la prière des attitudes restrictives qui dépendent soit d’une sorte de protection de la religion dominante par rapport aux cultes minoritaires, soit d’un refus implicite de l’athéisme. En revanche, la notion de service public, n’étant pas universellement reconnue en Europe, ne fournit pas un cadre de raisonnement juridique signifiant dans les arrêts, ce qui ne permet d’identifier les rapports entre prières et service public que par le biais du contexte dans lequel se produisent les actes de prière.The mark of the separation between the Church and the State seems sufficiently strong in France so that the points of contact between the civil service and prayer are rare and rather indirect, starting with behaviours which do not have in general aim to oppose the sole act of prayer to the legal and social standards surrounding (First part. Nevertheless the legal systems and practices of other countries of Europe reveal the pragmatic judgements of the European Court of Human Rights and their comparable reserve, even if their base is necessarily different (Second part.As a whole, the decisions of the Court make it possible to note that the Member States of the Council of Europe sometimes have restrictive attitudes
Diplomsko delo obravnava problematiko prenove zahodne tribune Ljudskega vrta v Mariboru. To delo vas popelje skozi zgodovino stadiona Ljudski vrt, od začetkov gradnje prvega igrišča do prve in druge faze obnove. V nadaljevanju so opisani referenčni objekti, ki so pripomogli k razvoju idejne rešitve za obnovo omenjene tribune, prav tako pa tukaj najdete prostorsko analizo stadiona in pomembna dejstva, ki jih je potrebno upoštevati ob načrtovanju takšnega projekta.
In the case of State, Scholars have demontrasted that senior officials' ability to embody general interest is the result of long-term social processes marked by the concomitant construction of the State and civil servants as a social group. Though the European civil servants' situation is different from that of State civil servants, their ability to maintain their central role and defend the European interest invites us to turn our enquiry to processes that realize them (in the double sens of...
Daraio, M. G.; Battagliere, M. L.; Sacco, P.; Fasano, L.; Coletta, A.
COSMO-SkyMed is a dual-use program for both civilian and defense provides user community (institutional and commercial) with SAR data in several environmental applications. In the context of COSMO-SkyMed data and User management, one of the aspects carefully monitored is the user satisfaction level, it is links to satisfaction of submitted user requests. The operational experience of the first years of operational phase, and the consequent lessons learnt by the COSMO-SkyMed data and user management, have demonstrated that a lot of acquisition rejections are due to conflicts (time conflicts or system conflicts) among two or more civilian user requests, and they can be managed and solved implementing an improved coordination of users and their requests on a daily basis. With this aim a new Service Support Tool (SST) has been designed and developed to support the operators in the User Request coordination. The Tool allow to analyze conflicts among Acquisition Requests (ARs) before the National Rankization phase and to elaborate proposals for conflict resolution. In this paper the most common causes of the occurred rejections will be showed, for example as the impossibility to aggregate different orders, and the SST functionalities will be described, in particular how it works to remove or minimize the conflicts among different orders.
Contents :"Review of discretionary power by international administrative tribunals" by Michel Gentot, "Checks exerted by administrative tribunals over the discretionary powers of international organizations" by Nicolas Valticos, "Comments" by Ranjan (C.F.) Amerasinghe, "The review of managerial discretion by international administrative tribunals" by Francisco Orrego Vicuña, "Some practical issue arising in international administrative tribunals" by Nassib G. Ziadé, "Aspects of judicial review of administrative action in the WBAT with comparative remarks" by Spyridon Flogaitis, "The International Monetary Fund Administrative Tribunal : its first six years" by Celia Goldman
Karyeija, Gerald Kagambirwe
This study explores administrative culture and examines its impact on the reform of performance appraisal in Uganda’s civil service, an area which has received little attention from researchers. It reveals that Uganda’s bureaucracy is characterized by large power distance, strong uncertainty avoidance, high ethnicity and political neutrality. Evidence for this study gathered from 147 questionnaires, 29 interviews and various documents for eight months indicates that these cultu...
Full Text Available Dans le droit français de la fonction publique, les interdits découlent de la situation légale et réglementaire faite aux agents publics. Cette situation juridique objective en constitue le fondement et conduit à une forme d’indétermination de leur étendue. Pour autant, l’apparition de la notion de « déontologie du fonctionnaire » laisse apparaître une mutation de la logique d’interdiction. Cette mutation se traduit par une invitation au respect de bonnes pratiques professionnelles mais aussi à une normalisation des comportements des agents publics.In the French law concerning civil service, prohibitions originate in the situation of the civil servants according to law and regulations. This objective legal situation constitutes the basis of these prohibitions and leads to a sort of indetermination in their scope. However the apparition of the concept of “civil servant’s deontology” shows a mutation in the prohibition’s logics. This mutation is translated into an invitation to respect good professional practices but also into a normalisation of the behaviour of civil servants.
International administrative law, or more precisely the law of the international civil service, has been the focus of increased attention in recent years. A part of the discussion has focused on the design of the justice mechanisms of international organizations, exemplified by the overhaul of the internal justice system of the United Nations in 2009. The internal justice systems of some international organizations have been subjected to scrutiny before some national courts, and the role and contribution of international administrative tribunals to the development of the law continue to be an important part of discussions of good governance and accountability of international organizations. The essays in this book, written by judges, practitioners, academics and other experts, address these and other issues.
In specific matters of conflicts of interest ethical issues in connection with the parties' legal representatives could occur in the course of arbitration proceedings. The purpose of this paper is to identify and investigate the current status of the arbitral tribunals and arbitral institutions power to sanction counsel’s misconduct in the event of conflicts of interest. Parties have a fundamental right to choose the counsel and in the same time the right to an independent and impartial tribu...
Ian Lienert; Jitendra R. Modi
This paper assesses a decade of experience in civil service reform in a sample of 32 sub-Saharan African countries. Many countries have made an important start towards reducing excessive staffing levels and the nominal wage bill, but less progress has been made in decompressing salary differentials in favor of higher-grade staff. In the CFA franc zone countries, real wages fell sharply after the 1994 devaluation, but the wage bill relative to tax revenue is still high in many countries. There...
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to know and describe 1 implementation of service policy of birth certificate 2 implementation of service policy of death certificate 3 constraints in the implementation of service policy in Department of Population and Civil Registrar Merauke. This study used a qualitative approach with data collecting techniques with a focus on both birth and death certificates service. Data collection techniques used in this research is interviews and documents and lit...
In April 1996, CERN awarded three contracts for civil engineering design services associated with the LHC project. The three contracts were awarded to three different joint ventures of firms from five member states. The total bid price for these services was in excess of 35 MCHF and the contracts will run for up to seven years. This paper aims to discuss and analyze the experience gained to date in the management of these contracts. In particular, the paper will address the issues of conditions of contract and specification for this form of contract. Current experience with each of the three consultants will be presented with the areas of difficulty highlighted. Conclusions will be made regarding future use of such contracts and in particular the way in which CERN must change in order to work efficiently with external designers.
Felix Morales Luna
Analizar la argumentación jurídica contenida en la sentencia recaída en el Expediente 03347-2009-PA/TC expedida por el Tribunal Constitucional del Perú el pasado 17 de marzo de 2010, y suscrita por cuatro magistrados, a propósito del recurso de agravio constitucional presentado por la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú contra la sentencia de la Octava Sala Civil de la Corte Superior de Justicia de Lima en la controversia que mantiene contra el señor Walter Muñoz Cho
... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Certification Related to the Khmer Rouge Tribunal Pursuant to the authority vested in the Secretary of State... ``Khmer Rouge Tribunal''). This Certification and related Memorandum of Justification shall be provided...
De Miguel Asensio, Pedro Alberto
Con unos días de diferencia las Salas de lo Civil y de lo Contencioso-Administrativo del Tribunal Supremo han realizado interpretaciones contradictorias del concepto de “responsable del tratamiento de datos personales” y su aplicación con respecto a la responsabilidad –civil y administrativa- derivada del incumplimiento de la legislación de datos personales por el buscador Google. Semejante resultado pone en riesgo la exigencia de interpretación uniforme de ese concepto autónomo de gran impor...
Belben, Gillian; Gaylord, Wendy
Lessons learned in the development and implementation of an English language training (ELT) project for Indonesian Civil Service workers are discussed. The project, designed to focus on development of English communication skills, was undertaken in cooperation with the state administration agency. Issues and difficulties discussed include:…
Gemma Geis Carreras
Full Text Available L’article analitza les novetats jurisprudencials i doctrinals aparegudes amb posterioritat a l’aprovació de Estatut bàsic de l'empleat públic (EBEP. En aquest sentit, s’inicia un recorregut amb les darreres sentències del Tribunal Constitucional respecte del dret fonamental a l’accés a la funció pública, passant pels requisits d’accés a la funció pública, les garanties del procediment de selecció envers les mesures de discriminació positiva, polítiques d’igualtat i d’inserció de les persones discapacitades, finalitzant amb l’adquisició i pèrdua de la condició de funcionari. Cal destacar que el context de crisi econòmica actual està present en el treball. L’aprovació de mesures d’un control més gran del dèficit públic ha comportat la impugnació davant dels tribunals de justícia de l’adopció de mesures que afecten els drets retributius dels empleats públics, especialment, del personal laboral. D’altra banda, es fa esment a la publicació de treballs que reflexionen respecte de les mesures de reorganització administrativa, reducció de treballadors públics, la incidència de la reforma laboral en la negociació col·lectiva i la modificació de les condicions de treball dels treballadors públics en el si de les administracions públiques.This article analyzes the novelties in case law and doctrine that have appeared subsequent to the passage of the Basic Statute for Public Employees. In this regard, the article reviews the most recent sentences of the Constitutional Court regarding the fundamental right of access to the civil service, including the requirements for joining the civil service, the guarantees of the selection procedure with respect to affirmative action and the policies for the equality and inclusion of persons with disabilities, and lastly, the acquisition and loss of one´s status as a civil servant. It should be emphasized that the context of the current economic crisis is
Blackshaw, J R
The seriousness and scale of the physical, psychological, economic and societal consequences relating to poor diets, inactivity and obesity is unprecedented. Consequently, the contextual factors underpinning the work of a nutritionist in the civil service are complex and significant; however, there are real opportunities to make a difference and help improve the health of the nation. The present paper describes the delivery of public health nutrition through two work programmes, namely action to support young people develop healthier lifestyle choices and more recently the investigation and deployment of local insights to develop action to tackle obesity. Combining the application of nutrition expertise along with broader skills and approaches has enabled the translation of research and evidence into programmes of work to better the public's health. It is evident that the appropriate evaluation of such approaches has helped to deliver engaging and practical learning opportunities for young people. Furthermore, efforts to build on local intelligence and seek collaborative development can help inform the evidence base and seek to deliver public health approaches, which resonate with how people live their lives. PMID:26947185
International Labour Organization. Geneva
Le Tribunal administratif de l'Organisation internationale du Travail connaît des requêtes formées par les fonctionnaires ou les anciens fonctionnaires du Bureau international du Travail et des quelque trente organisations qui ont reconnu sa compétence. The ILO Administrative Tribunal (ILOAT) hears complaints from serving and former officials of the International Labour Office or one of the thirty-odd intergovernmental organizations that recognise its jurisdiction.
This thesis analyzes how hybrid tribunals might contribute to narrowing the impunity gap through their capacity building premise. It asks what capacity building recommendations can be drawn from situations where hybrid tribunals have been established. The thesis analyzes the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL), the ongoing trials in the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) and the unique judicial set up in the Bosnian War Crimes Chamber (BWCC) within the Court of Bosnia H...
The Plachimada Coca-Cola Victims Relief and Compensation Claims Special Tribunal Bill, 2011 was passed by the Kerala Legislative Assembly on 24 February 2011. The Bill provides for the establishment of a special tribunal to settle disputes between the local residents and the Hindustan Coca Cola Company in Plachimada for recovery of compensation for damages caused to individuals, property and the environment by the company. The Bill is reserved for the assent of the President of India. In the ...
Eugen HURUBÃ; Luminita GABURA
The main aim of the paper work is to determine whether the Constitutional Court of Romania could be notified by international tribunals in relation to cases tried under Romanian law. On 5 March 2013 the Constitutional Court of Romania decided, for the first time, on a case concerning an exception of unconstitutionality raised before an international tribunal of commercial arbitration. The exception of unconstitutionality of a Government Emergency Ordinance was raised in an arbitration case pe...
Lydia Stewart Ferreira
Full Text Available The health tribunal process is assumed to be neutral and allow for the tribunal’s focus to be on the parties’ legal arguments. This study quantitatively examined approximately 400 decisions over a five-year period to determine whether or not health tribunal hearings are neutral or whether the hearing process itself affects the tribunal’s decision independent of the parties’ legal arguments. Certain tribunal procedures affected tribunal decisions independent of legal arguments. This novel quantitative research matrix, which analysed cases over a five year time period, identified trends which are overlooked in traditional legal analysis of judicial review. Il est présumé que le processus d’audience du tribunal de la santé est neutre et permet au tribunal de se concentrer sur les arguments juridiques des parties. Cette étude porte sur l’analyse quantitative d’environ 400 décisions et s’est étendue sur une période de cinq années; elle visait à déterminer si les audiences du tribunal de la santé sont neutres ou non, ou si le processus d’audience même influence les décisions du tribunal indépendamment des arguments juridiques des parties. Cette nouvelle matrice de données quantitatives, qui a analysé des causes sur une période de cinq années, a permis de constater des tendances qui sont mises de côté dans les analyses juridiques traditionnelles du processus de contrôle judiciaire.
J Nouri; S. A. Jozi
This study is aimed to design a new model for service and civil development application in order to be used in evaluation of Iran ecological capability studies. For this purpose in the first step, the frequency of sustainable and unsustainable ecological factors in Iran was known. In the next step, the Delphi method was used which is itself a branch of phase theory methods. Effective ecological factors priorities and frequency value of each factor were determined by completing 750 questionnai...
José Alberto Bonifacio; Graciela Falivene
This document is a summary of the study entitled, Comparative Analysis of Labor Relations in the Latin American Civil Service: Argentina, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Peru. The report includes the theoretical framework, the results of the study, and contains conclusions for consideration for a "labor relations development index." This document was commissioned by the Public Management and Transparency Network of the Regional Policy Dialogue for the 2nd Hemispheric Meeting celebrated on April 4th a...
José Alberto Bonifacio; Graciela Falivene
This document is a summary of the study entitled, Comparative Analysis of Labor Relations in the Latin American Civil Service: Argentina, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Peru. The report includes the theoretical framework, the results of the study, and contains conclusions for consideration for a "labor relations development index." This document was commissioned by the Public Management and Transparency Network of the Regional Policy Dialogue for the 2nd Hemispheric Meeting celebrated on April 4th a...
Hansen, Morten Balle; Steen, Trui; de Jong, Marsha
In this article we are interested in how the coordinating role of top civil servants is related to the argument that country-level differences in the adoption of New Public Management significantly alter the Public Service Bargains of top civil servants and consequently their capacity to accomplish...
In the shadow of good governance traces the implementation of the good governance agenda in Malawi from the loan documents signed by the representatives of the governement and the Bretton Woods institutions to the individual experiences of civil servants who responded in unforeseen ways to the reform measures. Ethnographic evidence gathered in government offices, neighbourhoods and the private homes of civil servants living in Malawi's urban and peri-urban areas undermines the common percepti...
Full Text Available Turkey desires to join the European Union. There is a need to prepare a reform for administration in this country. Macro-management reform needs a model, which can be accepted by European Union. This article is an attempt to propose an application of international civil service laws. It deals with recruitment, training, promotion, relocation, and redundancy of staff members. The French Public Service Policy and Procedures has been recommended by author as the best international practice for all countries which desire to be in European Union.
Full Text Available ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to know and describe 1 implementation of service policy of birth certificate 2 implementation of service policy of death certificate 3 constraints in the implementation of service policy in Department of Population and Civil Registrar Merauke. This study used a qualitative approach with data collecting techniques with a focus on both birth and death certificates service. Data collection techniques used in this research is interviews and documents and literature. The results of study found that the implementation of service policies of birth and death certificates in providing routine service quality based on community satisfaction index showed good results but there are some elements of service needs to be improved is the speed of service discipline officers and service schedule certainty. Variables encountered in the implementation of birth and death certificates issuance as follows human resources communications disposition bureaucratic structures and various obstacles in the field facilities and infrastructure as service operational support geographical circum stances that are difficult to reach lack of socialization and still in awareness of peoples.
M.R. Rutgers; T. Beck Jørgensen
Long term changes in public values are not easily detected. One important reason is the limited availability of reliable empirical data. Job advertisements allow us to go back in history for some decades and job ads may present us with the values that are supposed to guide civil servant behavior. Th
Electronic service is an innovation of the civil justice system, and its characteristics of efficiency, instance and practice etc. meet the realistic demand of the court in judicial practice, due to the manpower being much less satisfied the numerously increasing cases, and the lack of judicial resources. It is also in accordance with the inevitable trend of the service system's development in the information age. But as a new mode of service, electronic service of civil litigation has such defects as confirmation receipt, information security, program risks and deficiencies in technical barriers, etc. In order to ensure the realization of efficiency and fair value of the electronic service of civil procedure, in legislation and in practice, we need to implement a series of perfecting paths, for instance, to make the receive pattern clear, to ensure the information security, to perfect the service procedure, to establish a platform of service.%电子送达是民事司法制度的创新,其高效、即时、实用等特征满足了司法实践中法院案多人少,司法资源不足的现实需求,也符合了信息化时代送达制度发展的必然趋势.但作为一种新型的送达方式,民事诉讼电子送达存在确认收悉、信息安全、程序风险和技术障碍等方面的缺陷.为了确保民事诉讼电子送达效率和公正价值的实现,需要在立法和实践中通过落实明确收悉方式、保障信息安全、完善送达程序和建立送达平台等一系列措施加以完善.
Lautaro Ríos Álvarez
Full Text Available El artículo analiza la transferencia del recurso de inaplicabilidad por inconstitucionalidad de competencia hasta ahora de la Corte Suprema de Justicia al Tribunal Constitucional, considerando sus implicancias en el sistema de control de constitucionalidad y las innovaciones que ello implica en nuestro ordenamiento jurídico.
This document concerns the award of a contract for the provision of architectural and civil engineering services for the construction of the Globe of Innovation. For the reasons explained in this document, the Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract, without competitive tendering, with the consortium GROUPE H (CH) - CHARPENTE CONCEPT (CH), for the provision of architectural and civil engineering services related to the re-erection of the Globe of Innovation, for a total amount not exceeding 850 000 Swiss francs, not subject to revision. The consortium has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this adjudication proposal: CH-100 %.
García Melero, Luis Ángel
Full Text Available Se exponen el marco jurídico y las competencias del Tribunal Constitucional de España así como la adscripción orgánica de su biblioteca. Las atribuciones legales de la institución y las necesidades informativas de los usuarios a los que atiende, configuran el contenido de la colección centrada en el derecho, legislación y jurisprudencia española, comunitaria e internacional. Se analizan las bases de datos bibliográficos y de autoridades y se exponen los principales servicios bibliotecarios prestados a los lectores. Por último, se describen los recursos humanos, técnicos y el espacio ocupado por la biblioteca en la sede del Tribunal Constitucional.
Full Text Available The Plachimada Coca-Cola Victims Relief and Compensation Claims Special Tribunal Bill, 2011 was passed by the Kerala Legislative Assembly on 24 February 2011. The Bill provides for the establishment of a special tribunal to settle disputes between the local residents and the Hindustan Coca Cola Company in Plachimada for recovery of compensation for damages caused to individuals, property and the environment by the company. The Bill is reserved for the assent of the President of India. In the meantime, the central government has sought clarifications on the Kerala government’s competence under the Constitution to adopt the Bill. The major issue is the perceived inconsistency between the Bill and some of the central environmental laws. Thus, the constitutional validity of the Bill is in doubt. In this background, this paper examines the issue of legislative competence of the Kerala government to adopt the Bill.
Clementina Uchenna Agbionu
Full Text Available The public sector in Nigeria has suffered series of setbacks which were attributed to ineffective and inefficient management which immediately calls for transformation of the sector in order to ensure the effectiveness and efficiency in the performance of the sector for national development. Transformation for national development in Nigeria demands new tools to support the performance of the public sector. Organizational Effectiveness is a tool which describes the degree to which an organization realizes its goal. This paper intends to contribute its own quota to the transformation question by investigating the potential models and tools for understanding, explaining and measuring organizational effectiveness of the public sector organizations in Nigeria. To do this, the paper evaluated the immediate results of the work of NATO RTO HFM Task Group (TG 163 on “Improving Organizational Effectiveness of Coalition Operations which consists of researchers from eleven nations of the world. The paper used descriptive statistics and content analysis to analyze “Organizational effectiveness in the context of public organizations, and to categorize factors critical to organizational effectiveness. Based on the review of the models, the study developed a structured questionnaire which was used to collect the relevant data for the purpose of investigating the effect of the different factors that influence organizational effectiveness, expose inefficiencies in public organizations and determine measures to achieve better organizational effectiveness in Anambra State Civil Service. The findings revealed that the key areas of structure and processes, people and culture do not receive adequate attention in the Anambra State Civil Service. A major recommendation of the study is that the emphasis of the government should not be basically on the provision of resources but also on how the resources are effectively and efficiently managed especially during the
Homoeopathy has a significant clinical history, tracing its roots back to Hippocrates and more latterly to Dr Christian (Samuel) Hahnemann (1755-1843), a Saxon physician. In the last 30 years it has ridden a wave of resurgent interest and practice associated with disillusionment with orthodox medicine and the emergence of complementary therapies. However, recent years have seen a series of meta-analyses that have suggested that the therapeutic claims of homeopathy lack scientific justification. A 2010 report of the Science and Technology Committee of the United Kingdom House of Commons recommended that it cease to be a beneficiary of NHS funding because of its lack of scientific credibility. In Australia the National Health and Medical Research Council is expected to publish a statement on the ethics of health practitioners' use of homoeopathy in 2013. In India, England, New South Wales and Western Australia civil, criminal and coronial decisions have reached deeply troubling conclusions about homoeopaths and the risk that they pose for counter-therapeutic outcomes, including the causing of deaths. The legal decisions, in conjunction with the recent analyses of homoeopathy's claims, are such as to raise confronting health care and legal issues relating to matters as diverse as consumer protection and criminal liability. They suggest that the profession is not suitable for formal registration and regulation lest such a status lend to it a legitimacy that it does not warrant. PMID:22558899
The situation of a truncated arbitral tribunal may be caused by various factors. It may arise when a three-member tribunal during the course of the arbitral proceedings and before the rendering of the award does not remain the same at some point, meaning that one of the members of the tribunal dies, resigns or fails to attend the proceedings or deliberations leaving the two other members at the helm. In such a situation the questions arise: what is the authority of a truncated tribunal? Can i...
Doganay, Mehmet; Demiraslan, Hayati
After the Arab Spring uprising, Syria descended into a civil war in 2011. By March 2016, the United Nations reported that 13.5 million Syrians required humanitarian assistance, including 6.6 million internally displaced persons and more than 4.8 million refugees outside of Syria. Turkey is currently hosting the largest number of Syrian refugees-more than 2.7 million. A limited number of refugees are living in camps settled around the border, and others are spread throughout Turkey. This explosive and unexpected increase in the Syrian population in Turkey has had several negative impacts on health and social determinants. The overload of healthcare facilities has led to shortages in childhood immunization programs, drugs, and access to clean water and food supplies. According to Ministry of Health data, more than 7.5 million Syrians were examined at outpatient clinics, and 299,240 were hospitalized; most of those hospitalized were injured and wounded victims who require and have been occupying intensive care units. The refugees generally live in crowded and unsanitary conditions, which may lead to the spread of respiratory, skin, gastrointestinal, and genital system infections. Currently, measles, poliomyelitis, leishmaniasis, and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis are the reemerging infections being most frequently recorded. Multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacterial infections seem to be an increasing problem in gunshot or surgical wounds. Hepatitis A, malaria, and varicella have been seen with a high incidence among the refugees. There are many problems waiting to be resolved for health and living standards in Turkey. PMID:27362427
Gomez, Amparo; Canales, Antonio
This article analyses the child psychiatry and psychology developed during the Spanish Civil War and immediate postwar period. The aim is to demonstrate that, despite the existence of a certain degree of disciplinary continuity in relation to the pre-war period, both disciplines were placed at the service of Francoism. This meant that the…
Wilson, Karen A.
Provides overview of federal agencies administering Title VII of Civil Service Reform Act (1978) and a 22-item annotated bibliography of selected federal and commercial publications on decisional materials relating to Title VII. Sources for administrative agency rulings and arbitration awards, citators, digests, indexes, online databases, and…
Full Text Available In the present study the regulation of the carrier of the civil servants is considered, especially the stability and continuity – essential elements at the European Union level. Unfortunately, in the Romanian legislation, as well as in the institutional case law, it remains a purely declarative issue. The study is based on a series of recent court decisions. We criticized the abusive use of the expeditious ordinances and the instruments of legislative regulation. This is considered as an abusive practice of the law maker and shows a legislative inability related to the regulation of the public office, especially by not observing the conditions in which a person could be relieved of his office. The conclusion of the study leads to the necessity for the law maker to revise the statute of the civil servant, especially by eliminating the fluctuation determined by the succession of the governing political forces.
In the present study the regulation of the carrier of the civil servants is considered, especially the stability and continuity – essential elements at the European Union level. Unfortunately, in the Romanian legislation, as well as in the institutional case law, it remains a purely declarative issue. The study is based on a series of recent court decisions. We criticized the abusive use of the expeditious ordinances and the instruments of legislative regulation. This is considered as an abus...
europeas esperan que su personal respete las altas normas profesionales y éticas. El estatuto establece y organiza los derechos y obligaciones de los funcionarios. También organiza el régimen disciplinario, es decir, el régimen que se aplica cuando un funcionario —o antiguo funcionario— ignora sus obligaciones profesionales, ya se haya cometido la falta voluntariamente o por negligencia.The European civil service is made up, on the one hand, of European civil servants who are governed by a statute, and agents working under public law employment contract. The statute, which is the main foundation for the European civil service, is aimed at regulating the legal relations between the institutions and their employees by establishing a set of reciprocal rights and obligations between the two. The civil servants and agents thus have rights that are provided for under the statute and primary law (such at the right to defense, the right to have the grounds for a decision stated, freedom of expression, freedom of association, and the respect for their private and family lives. However, they also have certain duties and obligations the violation of which can lead to disciplinary sanctions and termination of employment. European institutions expect their staff to abide by a high standard of professional and ethical norms. The statute formulates and organizes civil servants´ rights and obligations. In addition, it organizes disciplinary procedures, i.e., the procedures applied when a civil servant, or former civil servant, disregards his professional obligations, regardless of whether this misconduct is voluntary or through negligence.
The Civil Veterinary Service on Java, Netherlands East-Indies, was established in 1853, more than 20 years after the introduction of the Cultivation System. During the 19th century its tasks were directed at the survey of livestock, esp. its health. Despite the fact that the number of veterinarians was far from enough, the communications problematic, and the optimal functioning of the Service assailed by infrastructional shortcomings, the CVS managed to carry out--in a relatively short period--a great deal of significant work. The CVS sometimes misjudged the situation completely, e.g. after the outbreak of rinderpest in 1878, that was a major catastrophe. The Dutch laws pertaining to the fight against this diseases were enforced in the Netherlands East-Indies. Agriculture suffered from the ban on moving cattle, cattle suffered from a feed shortage and cattle owners suffered from financial and emotional damage. Although it is impossible to determine exactly the influence of the adopted measures on the course of the epizootic, there are indications that the damages were aggravated through governmental interference. PMID:20642139
The civil and military officials that lend services in dependences of the Ministry of National Defense in the tasks of radiological services were applied in the compute to be carried out the legal norms referred to effects of their retirement
Bajaj, Harbans; Sharma, Deepak
India's electricity-supply industry mainly owned and operated by the public sector has been facing endemic energy and peaking shortages with huge commercial losses. Power sector reforms initiated in 1990s culminated with enactment of The Electricity Act, 2003 is briefly discussed here. Appellate Tribunal for Electricity - a unique feature of the Act - constituted to redress grievances of stakeholders has set ground rules for the power sector having harmonizing effect on the various power sector issues and have reduced the element of uncertainty which was prevalent hitherto fore as revealed by the several case studies this paper presents.
Rafael Câmara Norat
RESUMO: O presente artigo busca por meio de estudo comparado de dois institutos: o Tribunal Permanente de Revisão do MERCOSUL e o Tribunal de Justiça da União Europeia analisar o estágio em que se encontra o processo integrativo do MERCOSUL. Para tanto avalia os dois mecanismos de solução de conflito e propõe a adoção do Princípio da Supranacionalidade para que o MERCOSUL evolua como comunidade. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: MERCOSUL – Tribunal Permanente de Revisão – Tribunal de Justiça da União Europeia...
... Certification Related to the Khmer Rouge Tribunal Under Section 7071(c) of the Department of State, Foreign... address allegations of corruption and mismanagement within the Khmer Rouge Tribunal. This Certification... the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), also commonly known as the ``Khmer Rouge Tribunal'' (KRT)....
@@ At a time when misunderstand-ings between cultures run rampant, when walls of fear, prejudice and hatred divide the members of the human family, it is urgent to intensify the dialogue between civilizations. Under the new leadership of its Director General lrina Bokova, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) declared 2010 as the "Year for the Rapprochement of Cultures." In this context, the concerted reflections and actions of Europe and China can be highly meaningful.
Full Text Available The information system is an integrated system that holds financial and personnel records of persons working in various branches of Imo state civil service. The purpose is to harmonize operations, reduce or if possible eliminate redundancy and control the introduction of “ghost workers” and fraud in pension management. In this research work, an attempt is made to design a frame work for deploying a client/server distributed database system for a human resource information management system with a scope on Imo state civil service in Nigeria. The system consists of a relational database of personnel variables which could be shared by various levels of management in all the ministries’ and their branches located all over the state. The server is expected to be hosted in the accountant general’s office. The system is capable of handling recruitment and promotions issues, training, monthly remunerations, pension and gratuity issues, and employment history, etc.
Josiah Ahaiwe; Nwaokonkwo Obi
The information system is an integrated system that holds financial and personnel records of persons working in various branches of Imo state civil service. The purpose is to harmonize operations, reduce or if possible eliminate redundancy and control the introduction of “ghost workers” and fraud in pension management. In this research work, an attempt is made to design a frame work for deploying a client/server distributed database system for a human resource information management system wi...
Full Text Available Access to justice is a core fundamental right and a central concept in the broader field of justice. The case-law of the European Court of Human Rights on Article 6 is a complex body of rules. Article 6 of the Convention was inspired by Article 10 and 11(1 of the Universal Declaration of Human rights of 1948. It has also its counterpart – with minor differences in Article 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights on 1966. Article 6, which guarantees the right to fair trial, occupies a central place in the system of the Convention. it is a generally agreed that this provision is the most frequently cited one of the Convention, both at the national and international levels. This Article contains a variety of rights which are all related to the good administration of justice, not only criminal, but also in the civil and administrative matters. The ‘independent and impartial tribunal established by law’ is one of textual elements of the Fair Trial Right, as long as it has direct and explicit expression in the text of Convention. Even in simple logical way it can be considered as a suite of requirements referring to 1 the notion of tribunal 2 its attribute of being established by law 3 being independent and 4 being impartial.
¿Emplea el Tribunal Constitucional el test de proporcionalidad?*1 (128 sentencias del Tribunal Constitucional en la perspectiva de la jurisprudencia constitucional alemana, de la Cámara de los Lores y del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos
Ignacio Covarrubias Cuevas
Full Text Available El presente texto examina de qué manera el Tribunal Constitucional chileno se ha re- ferido al test de proporcionalidad desde que por primera vez lo invocara el año 2006. En dicha labor el artículo pretende contribuir a dilucidar la incidencia con que ha operado el aludido estándar desde entonces y, asimismo, clarificar la noción del test de proporcionalidad que suele emplear el Tribunal en la perspectiva de algunas versiones comparadas que se exponen acerca del mismo estándar de adju- dicación constitucional. En los casos en que el Tribunal lo emplea, lo hace bajo una modalidad que rechaza la noción optimizadora del test.
Andrés del Río
El objetivo principal de este artículo es contribuir al debate actual sobre justicia transicional, observando la participación del Supremo Tribunal Federal de Brasil en este proceso. Para ello, se analiza la trayectoria y los cambios institucionales del Supremo Tribunal durante el último régimen cívico-militar instaurado en 1964. Particularmente, se observan los medios y los objetos de los cambios institucionales, el escenario político y las continuidades y los legados del Alto Tribunal en la...
Full Text Available On 16 February 2011, the Appeals Chamber of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL issued an interlocutory decision regarding the legal definition of terrorism.This decision was in response to a Pre-Trial Chamber (PTC list of questions requesting,' inter alia', an elaboration of the elements of this crime.In exploring this matter, the Appeals Chamber defined the subjective ('mens rea' and objective elements ('actus reus' of terrorism by referring to domestic Lebanese law and international law. It thereby set out the applicable law for the court. The consequence of this decision however is not limited to the law of STL but may be seen as having far-reaching consequences for the conception of terrorism under both international law and International Criminal Law (ICL. Given the significance of the Appeals Chamber judgment, this paper will scrutinise three areas of concern regarding its propriety:
Full Text Available El presente texto se refiere al origen, desarrollo y significado del principio de proporcionalidad, de acuerdo a la evolución del mismo en la jurisprudencia, tanto a nivel de derecho comparado como en nuestro sistema jurídico. El principio de proporcionalidad encuentra su origen en Alemania, siendo desarrollado por la jurisprudencia constitucional de ese país, para luego expandir su aplicación en el ámbito europeo, al sistema americano de derechos humanos y a los diversos países de Latinoamérica. De esta forma, el trabajo examina el surgimiento y desarrollo en Europa del principio de proporcionalidad, y la aplicación del mismo que ha realizado la jurisprudencia del Tribunal Constitucional, de acuerdo a una exposición de las sentencias que se consideran más representativas al respecto.
José Ignacio Martínez
Full Text Available Si bien el Derecho nos ofrece siempre varias soluciones posibles aplicables a un caso o situación, la determinación de cuál de ellas es la más adecuada es lo mismo que preguntarse cuál de todas ellas es la más razonable. En este trabajo se analizará el origen del principio de razonabilidad y la forma en que ha sido desarrollado en Estados Unidos. Asimismo, se señalará la forma en que este principio ha sido recogido en nuestra Constitución, y cómo ha sido aplicado por la jurisprudencia de nuestro Tribunal Constitucional, para finalmente extraer un listado de criterios de razonabilidad emanados de dicha jurisprudencia.
¿Emplea el Tribunal Constitucional el test de proporcionalidad?*1 (128 sentencias del Tribunal Constitucional en la perspectiva de la jurisprudencia constitucional alemana, de la Cámara de los Lores y del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos)
Ignacio Covarrubias Cuevas
El presente texto examina de qué manera el Tribunal Constitucional chileno se ha re- ferido al test de proporcionalidad desde que por primera vez lo invocara el año 2006. En dicha labor el artículo pretende contribuir a dilucidar la incidencia con que ha operado el aludido estándar desde entonces y, asimismo, clarificar la noción del test de proporcionalidad que suele emplear el Tribunal en la perspectiva de algunas versiones comparadas que se exponen acerca del mismo estándar de adju- dicaci...
... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil judgment. 919.920 Section 919.920 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 919.920 Civil judgment. Civil...
Full Text Available i. Objetivo y estructura del presente trabajo. ii. La pertinencia de la reforma. iii. El estatus del Tribunal Constitucional. iv. El recurso de amparo. v. Los asuntos de Pleno. vi. El funcionamiento interno del Tribunal. Reglas comunes de procedimiento y régimen del personal. vii. Consideraciones generales: el significado de la reforma. A. El alcance de la reforma. 1. Una reforma intensa de la lotc. 2. Lo que la reforma no incluye. B. La importancia de la reforma. 1. Transformación radical del recurso de amparo. 2. Cambios en el sistema de justicia constitucional. 3. Una precisión necesaria: el nuevo amparo-control no significa que el Tribunal Constitucional pierda por completo su dimensión de tribunal de tutela de los derechos fundamentales, sino que se transforma el significado de dicha función. 4. Eficacia de la reforma
Moses R Phooko
The Southern African Development Community Tribunal's (SADC Tribunal) decision in the matter of Mike Campbell (Pvt) Ltd v Republic of Zimbabwe 2008 SADCT 2 (28 November 2008) demonstrated its ability to utilise the principles contained in the Treaty of the Southern African Development Community when it ruled that it had the power and competency to adjudicate over a human rights case. The aforesaid decision was hailed by many scholars as a progressive judgment in the SADC region that would pro...
Humberto Nogueira Alcalá
Este artículo analiza desde una perspectiva procesal constitucional la sentencia del Tribunal Constitucional chileno dictada en control abstracto y reparador de normas jurídicas vigentes a la luz del artículo 94 de la Constitución y de la LOC del Tribunal Constitucional modifcada en 2009. Dicho análisis se acompaña de algunas consideraciones comparativas respecto de otras legislaciones sobre la materia principalmente de América latina.
Rafael Câmara Norat
Full Text Available RESUMO: O presente artigo busca por meio de estudo comparado de dois institutos: o Tribunal Permanente de Revisão do MERCOSUL e o Tribunal de Justiça da União Europeia analisar o estágio em que se encontra o processo integrativo do MERCOSUL. Para tanto avalia os dois mecanismos de solução de conflito e propõe a adoção do Princípio da Supranacionalidade para que o MERCOSUL evolua como comunidade. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: MERCOSUL – Tribunal Permanente de Revisão – Tribunal de Justiça da União Europeia – Supranacionalidade PERMANENT REVIEW COURT OF MERCOSUR AND THE COURT OF JUSTICE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION: COMPARATIVE STUDY ABSTRACT: This article aims through a comparative study of two institutes: Permanent Review Court of MERCOSUR and the Court of Justice of the European Union. Analyze the stage of the integrative process of MERCOSUR. So evaluates the two mechanisms of conflict resolution and proposes the adoption of the principle of supranationalism for evolution of MERCOSUR as a community. KEYWORDS: MERCOSUR – Permanent Review Court of MERCOSUR – Court of Justice of the European Union - Supranationalism
the organization strategizes about and seeks to articulate amongst Tanzanian youth. Situated in the ‘perverse confluence’ (Dagnino, 2011) between neoliberal and radical democratic agendas in the communicative practices of civil society-driven media platforms, Femina navigates between identities as an NGO, a social...... movement and a media initiative. In the context of the growing literature on social networking sites and their affordances, dynamics and structures, the case of Femina illustrates how a civil society sphericule emerges within the dynamic co-evolution of new and old media platforms. The study is furthermore...... an example of the difficult shift in civil society practice, from service provision to an agenda of public service monitoring, social accountability and community engagement....
Petersen, Lars Axel
In this paper I will go through a catalogue of examples of contexts in which the term civil identity is currently used, ranging from the formal and technical process of linking a set of administrative and other events to an individual biological person by means of identity cards, fingerprints, iris...... of Israel to Luce Irigaray's Feminist agenda of elaborating gender specific civil identities. My intention is to investigate whether these different employments of 'civil identity' point towards a common, and fairly well defined object field asking questions of contemporary relevance to the...
The theory of “civilizing processes” was developed by Norbert Elias in the 1930s to describe and explain the generation of higher standards of various forms of conduct in the context of unplanned but structured changes in state formation and lengthening chains of social interdependencies (Elias 2000). The idea of civilized conduct may seem a strange companion to popular understandings of consumer culture, when the latter phrase is often associated with hedonism, individualism and excess. But ...
Moses R Phooko
Full Text Available The Southern African Development Community Tribunal's (SADC Tribunal decision in the matter of Mike Campbell (Pvt Ltd v Republic of Zimbabwe 2008 SADCT 2 (28 November 2008 demonstrated its ability to utilise the principles contained in the Treaty of the Southern African Development Community when it ruled that it had the power and competency to adjudicate over a human rights case. The aforesaid decision was hailed by many scholars as a progressive judgment in the SADC region that would promote the rule of law and ensure that member states respected their treaty obligations in their own territories. Unfortunately, the same judgment resulted in the suspension of the SADC Tribunal in 2010 because it had purportedly acted beyond its mandate when it adjudicated over a case concerning a human rights dispute. This article investigates whether the SADC Tribunal had jurisdiction to deal with cases involving allegations of human rights violations. In addressing this question, this article will discuss the powers (implied and tacit of international organisations as understood within international law. In addition, the study will ascertain how the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia have dealt with cases that involved disputes concerning a tribunal or an international organisation that was said to have acted beyond its mandate. The study will also make reference to the East African Court of Justice and the Economic Community of West African States Court of Justice as they have also dealt with implied powers when they were confronted with cases concerning human rights abuses. Certain decisions of the SADC Summit of Heads of States or Government (Summit and the Council of Ministers whose roles include the control of functions and/or overseeing the functioning of the SADC will also be referred to in this study.
Humberto Nogueira Alcalá
Full Text Available Este artículo analiza desde una perspectiva procesal constitucional la sentencia del Tribunal Constitucional chileno dictada en control abstracto y reparador de normas jurídicas vigentes a la luz del artículo 94 de la Constitución y de la LOC del Tribunal Constitucional modifcada en 2009. Dicho análisis se acompaña de algunas consideraciones comparativas respecto de otras legislaciones sobre la materia principalmente de América latina.
...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Rural Housing Service 7 CFR Part 3560 RIN 0575AC93 Civil Monetary Penalties AGENCY...) proposes to implement two civil monetary penalty provisions. First, RHS proposes to amend its regulations to create a new section, for imposing civil monetary penalties under the authority of 42 U.S.C....
... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil penalty. 228.21 Section 228.21..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HOURS OF SERVICE OF RAILROAD EMPLOYEES Records and Reporting § 228.21 Civil... requirement is subject to a civil penalty of at least $650 and not more than $25,000 per violation,...
Full Text Available The II Annual Symposium of the journal Herald of Civil Procedure ‘2015: The Civil Procedure 2.0: Reform and Current State’ took place on October 9, 2015, at the Faculty of Law of Kazan (Volga region Federal University.The Symposium is now an established tradition for the University. In 2015 it brought together in Kazan eminent scholars of civil procedure from cities across the whole of Russia: Moscow, St. Petersburg, Saratov, Ekaterinburg, Omsk, Samara, Nizhnekamsk and others. This large-scale event attracted the attention not only of Russian scholars, but also of legal scholars from abroad: Elisabetta Silvestri (Professor, University of Pavia, Italy, William B. Simons (Professor, University of Tartu, Estonia, Jaroslav Turlukovsky (Professor, Warsaw University, Poland, Stuart H. Schultz (Practising Attorney, USA, Irina Izarova (Associate Professor, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine.The opening ceremony of the Symposium began with greetings to all participants and best wishes for productive discussions. Participants were welcomed with remarks by Marat Khairullin, Deputy Chair of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Tatarstan, Radik Ilyasov, Head of the Federal Bailiff Service of the Republic of Tatarstan, and Ildar Tarkhanov, Academic Supervisor at the Faculty of Law. They expressed their appreciation for the great value of the journal Herald of Civil Procedure in the growth of the science of civil procedure and enforcement procedure, and for its contributions to the development of the judicial system of the Russian Federation.In addition to hearing prepared reports and discussing viewpoints on current issues of civil and arbitration procedure, participants attended presentations by representatives from procedural law periodicals in the frame of the Symposium. The Editor-in-Chief of Herald of Civil Procedure, Damir Valeev, and the Commercial Director of the Statut Publishing House (Moscow, Kirill Samoilov, presented new
Roxana Cristina RADU; Eliza Adela VOICU
An ever increasing feature of public office is the way in which the recruitment and training of civil servants are controlled by legislation. Civil servants are a basic component of public administration but they are also important for labor law because civil service relations have the characteristics of an employment relationship and also specific features resulting from the rules of public law. The relevant expression of the interferences between public and private law for civil servants is...
Full Text Available The article compares how the regional tribunals of the Andean Community (CAN and the Southern African Development Community (SADC have dealt with human rights issues in order to explore options for South-South judicial cooperation through adjudicative cross-fertilization, while taking into account specificities that characterize both regions. In doing so, focus is placed on four elements: a the scope of human rights covered by each of the regional tribunals; b the locus standi of individuals before the tribunals; c the added value of the regional tribunals; and d the restrictive role of politics in the functioning of the tribunals.
Steiner, Linda; Gray, Susanne
Genevieve Forbes Herrick was one of the foremost women reporters of the "Chicago Tribune" during the 1920s and 1930s. Noted for her particular and consistent attention to women in national politics, her earliest political articles appeared in 1922, when she covered the Cook County primaries with an eye toward women contenders running against the…
Atcheson, A.E. [Miller Thompson LLP, Toronto, ON (Canada)
This PowerPoint presentation discussed amendments and changes to the Green Energy Act and Environmental Protection Act that were required to accommodate the new renewable energy approval (REA) system. Separate appeal requirements are now needed for REAs. Written notice must be supplied within 15 days after posting to the environmental registry, and the appeal must prove that the project in question will cause serious harm to human health, or serious and irreversible harm to plant life, animal life, or the natural environment. The tribunal must make a decision within 6 months when parties do not agree. If no decision is agreed in the time frame, the REA is deemed confirmed. Ontario residents with no connection to a project are able to cause delays even after the Ministry of the Environment has endorsed a project through issuance of the REA. The appeals timeline causes tribunal members to make decisions on short notice. Preliminary hearings are held to determine the parties involved, define issues, and hear preliminary motions. Hearings are held 8 weeks after the appeal expiry date and within 6 months of the tribunal appeal notice. Solutions to the appeals process include the pre-qualifications of appeals based on prima facie evidence of serious harm, the restriction of appellants to those within a particular geographic area, and increased direction to environmental review tribunal members on the appropriate minimum evidence of serious harm. tabs., figs.
Pérez de Colosía Rodríguez, María Isabel
Actualmente, la Historiografía se ha visto enriquecida gracias a los estudios realizados acerca de las mujeres. Muchos son los aspectos que pueden tratarse al respecto, dada la abundancia de fuentes. En la documentación inquisitorial encontramos un rico filón relativo al tema, que presenta dos aspectos bien diferenciados. Por un lado tenemos a las familiares del personal civil del Santo Oficio, que gozaban de una serie de privilegios. Por otro están aquellas que sufrieron las p...
... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil defense communications. 90.411 Section 90... PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Operating Requirements § 90.411 Civil defense communications. The... necessary for the implementation of civil defense activities assigned such station by local civil...
... issued by the Secretary of Health and Human Services with the approval of the President (45 CFR part 80). ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil rights. 59.209 Section 59.209 Public Health... Grants for Family Planning Service Training § 59.209 Civil rights. Attention is called to...
... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil action. 493.1846 Section 493.1846 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement Procedures § 493.1846 Civil action. If...
Héctor DÍAZ-SANTANA; David H. CORROCHANO
In this article we want to analyse the work made by the "Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF)" and its relation, in its grade and identity, within the presidential elections on the July 2sd, 2000. Our hypothesis is that TEPJF had started an institutional blackmail, which put several doubts on the process, and could limit the democratic advances built until today but also generate a post electoral conflict with political instability consequences in the country.Analiza...
More than a decade has passed since the establishment of the two ad hoc Tribunals, however, the jurisprudence of both Tribunals evidence the inconsistency regarding the requisite mens rea standards for serious violations of international humanitarian law. Hence, a survey of the attitude taken towards the definition of the major facets of mens rea by the world major legal systems is of great significance with regard to the establishment of a unified concept for mens rea in international crimi...
A recent issue of the journal Bioethics discussed whether conscientious objectors within the healthcare context should be required to give their reasons to a specially convened tribunal, who would have the power to reject the objection. This is modeled on the context of military conscription. Advocates for such a tribunal offer two different justifications, one based on determining the genuineness of the applicant's beliefs, the other based on determining their reasonableness. I limit my discussion to a doctor's objection to abortion in the UK, and argue against both justifications: I thereby defend the status quo, where such doctors are not formally required to defend their beliefs. My argument has to do with the particular nature of the abortion debate in the UK, and the more general nature of ethical disagreement. PMID:25887516
This article describes the role played by the Brazilian Audit Tribunal (Tribunal de Contas da Uniao - TCU) in the external auditing of environmental management in Brazil, highlighting the findings of an operational audit conducted in 2007 of the federal environmental licensing process. Initially, it records the constitutional and legal framework of Brazilian environmental licensing, describing the powers and duties granted to federal, state and municipal institutions. In addition, it presents the responsibilities of the TCU in the environmental area, comparing these with those of other Supreme Audit Institutions (SAI) that are members of the International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions (INTOSAI). It also describes the work carried out in the operational audit of the Brazilian environmental licensing process and its main conclusions and recommendations. Finally, it draws a parallel between the findings and recommendations made in Brazil with those of academic studies and audits conducted in other countries.
Construction work on the civil engineering contract started at Point 5 in August 1998. The new surface buildings and underground structures are necessary to accommodate the CMS detector for the LHC Project. The principal underground works consist of two new shafts, two parallel caverns separated by a supporting pillar, and a number of small connection tunnels and service galleries. A dispute resolution procedure has been included in the contract, whereby a Panel of Adjudicators may be called upon to make a decision in the case of a difference or dispute between the parties. The aim of this paper is to present CERN's first experience of civil engineering Adjudication arising from problems encountered with the ground freezing technique employed to allow construction of two new shafts.
David H. CORROCHANO; Héctor DÍAZ-SANTANA
In this article we want to analyse the work made by the "Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF)" and its relation, in its grade and identity, within the presidential elections on the July 2sd, 2000. Our hypothesis is that TEPJF had started an institutional blackmail, which put several doubts on the process, and could limit the democratic advances built until today but also generate a post electoral conflict with political instability consequences in the country.
Access to environmental justice is the first step to the achievement of environmental justice goals by articulating in the language of equity the assurance of legal standing for all affected and interested parties; right of appeal or review; specialized environmental courts and other practical dispute resolution mechanisms. In this context, India’s commitment to the newly formed National Green Tribunal [NGT] assumes significant practical importance. In seeking a balanced judicial forum tha...
Osvaldo Saldías; Laurence R. Helfer; Alter, Karen J.
Although there is an extensive literature on domestic legal transplants, far less is known about the transplantation of supranational judicial bodies. The Andean Tribunal of Justice (ATJ) is one of eleven copies of the European Court of Justice (ECJ), and the third most active international court. This article considers the origins and evolution of the ATJ as a transplanted judicial institution. It first reviews the literatures on legal transplants, neofunctionalist theory, and the spread of ...
Full Text Available In this article we want to analyse the work made by the "Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF" and its relation, in its grade and identity, within the presidential elections on the July 2sd, 2000. Our hypothesis is that TEPJF had started an institutional blackmail, which put several doubts on the process, and could limit the democratic advances built until today but also generate a post electoral conflict with political instability consequences in the country.Analizamos el desempeño del Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF relacionándolo con su grado y tipo de identidad en la coyuntura de las elecciones presidenciales del 2 de julio del 2000. Para ello partimos de la premisa que las instituciones no sólo deben tener un buen desempeño, sino que éste debe ser trasmitido ante la ciudadanía. Nuestra hipótesis es que el TEPJF tuvo un buen desempeño pero carecía de identidad lo que facilitó la puesta en marcha de un "chantaje" institucional que marcó la incertidumbre del proceso, pudo limitar los avances democratizadores construidos hasta la fecha, y generar un conflicto postelectoral con consecuencias para la estabilidad política del país.
Full Text Available The survey of the activity of Inquisition Tribunal of Sevilla from 1560 to 1700 reveals the manner in which the institution promoted the values of the counter-reform in western Andalusia. If the Holy Office had been at the service of the crown's diplomatic policy and combated sociocultural minorities, most of the persons it prosecuted were Spanish «cristianos viejos». The court acted as an instrument of disciplining the social body within the context of confessionnal policy of the Spanish kings. To prevent the extension of reformist practices against which a decisive offensive had been carried out between 1557 and 1563 with repression of the communities of Seville and Valladolid, the court led a series of campains against minor heresies or ethical or moral deviancies. In spite of the diversity of the prosecuted offences, these offensives coincided in one respect: they aimed at convincing the faithful that salvation henceforth depended on the knowledge of the articles of faith and attachment to the values as redefined at the council of Trent. The sociological study of the accused persons and of the court activity over 150 years reveals the aim of shaping behaviour and of laying out the contours of popular piety and morals. It also shows the limits of the repressive action among the classes affected by repression as well as within the territories controled by the court.
El estudio de la actividad procesal del tribunal de la Inquisición de Sevilla entre 1560 y 1700 revela la movilización de la corte inquisitorial para difundir y asentar los valores de la contrarreforma en Andalucía occidental. Si el Santo Oficio se puso al servicio de la política diplomática de la corona luchando contra las diversas minorías socioculturales, la población cristiana vieja constituyó la mayor parte de los condenados hasta mediados del siglo XVII, revelándose la corte como un instrumento idóneo para disciplinar el cuerpo social en el marco de la pol
In order to promote good service from civil servants, Anqiu City in Shandong Province recently issued the Appraisal Methods for Best-and Worst-Performing Civil Servants. Based on the regulation, the city government
A. Yu. KUZHEKOV
Full Text Available The article is devoted to the moral and legal education of cadets of educational institutions of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia as the main tool for shaping their sustainable citizenship. The author touches upon the historical aspects of the problem, it is concluded that the traditional means of education suppressed personality, being based on the authoritarian nature of the pedagogical relationship. It is stated that the timely realization of studying the essence of the unity of the content of morality and law, what is happening on the emotional and rational levels, contributes to the disparate mix of individual knowledge and understanding of the complex moral and legal convictions. The author notes that the effectiveness of the process of formation of civil position effectively revealed through strategic (compliance with the rules of interaction of teachers, students, parents on the humanization of life educational organization, ensuring their joint moral and legal activities, the practical organization of students of life and especially tactical objectives (performance cadets duties at the university and outside it, the protection of their rights and freedoms, the practical organization of joint activities in the dyad "teacher-student", their interaction analysis in the organization of events on legal education, compliance with the established rules and standards in the development of university traditions, ways to overcome the stereotype of no confidence moral and legal education of cadets. The author concludes that the presented theoretical and methodological structure of the study will provide the necessary empirical basis of research and will be a guarantee of its effectiveness and usefulness.
... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 1735.15 Section 1735.15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... Policies § 1735.15 Civil rights. Borrowers are required to comply with certain regulations...
Héctor DÍAZ-SANTANA; David H. CORROCHANO
Analizamos el desempeño del Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF) relacionándolo con su grado y tipo de identidad en la coyuntura de las elecciones presidenciales del 2 de julio del 2000. Para ello partimos de la premisa que las instituciones no sólo deben tener un buen desempeño, sino que éste debe ser trasmitido ante la ciudadanía. Nuestra hipótesis es que el TEPJF tuvo un buen desempeño pero carecía de identidad lo que facilitó la puesta en marcha de un "chantaje" ...
Joaquín Gil Honduvilla
Full Text Available El presente trabajo describe el proceso por el que los fondos del archivo del Tribunal Militar Territorial Segundo fueron objeto de un convenio colaboración entre el Ministerio de Defensa, la Consejería de la Presidencia de la Junta de Andalucía y la Fundación Centro de Estudios Andaluces para su informatización y conservación. Se muestra la importancia del archivo, así como su organización y la legislación por la que se rige. El interés de la administración autonómica por colaborar en la ordenación de esta documentación no puede disociarse tampoco del proceso de recuperación de memoria histórica que existe actualmente en nuestra sociedad._____________________ABSTRACT:This work describes the process which led to the fact that the funds of the archive of the Tribunal Militar Territorial Segundo (The Second Territorial Military Tribunal became the object of a collaboration agreement between the Ministry of Defence, the Consejería de la Presidencia (Regional Ministry of Presidency of Junta de Andalucía and the Fundación Centro de Estudios Andaluces (Centre of Andalusian Studies Foundation concerning its computerisation and maintenance. The paper shows the importance of the archive, as well as its organisation and the laws it is subject to. The interest of the autonomous public administration in collaborating in the organisation of that documentation cannot be separated from the process of recuperation of the historical memory which is present in our society today.
Larry Schaefer's history of civility is a succinct summary of the implicit and evolving definitions of civility over 2500 years of civilization. Beginning with the Romans and the root word "civitas," meaning the rights and duties of citizenship, civility appears in classical literature as integral to the roots of democracy in the context…
Andrieu, Mónica Graciela
El Tribunal de Cuentas una historia en pos de la transparencia institucional pública. Desde la historia al presente. Aciertos ideologías, errores, esperanzas. La Provincia de Buenos Aires en el año 1994 en la última reforma insistió en un modelo del control patrimonial y de responsables, que va acorde con los lineamientos internacionales contra la corrupción y a favor de la transparencia en los actos públicos. La Nación Argentina en su sistema de control patrimonial, olvidó la historia....
An international consensus on the need to prosecute and punish mass atrocities is arguably the strongest evidence of the existence of the global collective consciousness. The Nuremberg Tribunal challenged traditional world order centering on states and their intentions and overlooking abuses...... domestic criminal law process. It was rather a way of expressing international outrage with Germany’s aggression through judicial means. Ever since this historic shift occurred, the field of international criminal law has been increasingly vested with the mounting number of objectives – deterrence...
Javaloyes Sanchis, Vicente
L'increment de litigis internacionals relacionats amb l'esport ha estat una de las principals preocupacions de las entitats esportives. L'any 1981, el President del Comitè Olímpic Internacional va tenir la idea de crear una jurisdicció especial per l'esport, naixia, així, el Tribunal Arbitral de l'Esport. En aquesta investigació es planteja l'objectiu de conèixer si realment l'arbitratge representa el millor mitjà per resoldre els conflictes esportius internacionals. Per això, és imprescindi...
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Decisions issued by Administrative Law Judges of the Departmental Appeals Board's Civil Remedies Division concerning fraud and abuse determinations by the Office of...
José Luis Cea Egaña
El artículo analiza el efecto vinculante y de irradiación de las sentencias del Tribunal Constitucional sobre el conjunto del ordenamiento jurídico y de sus órganos. El autor toma partido por la consideración de la ratio decidendi del fallo como vinculante junto al dictum de la sentencia respectiva. Se plantea la necesidad que la LOC del Tribunal Constitucional explicite los efectos vinculantes de los fallos respecto de los tribunales ordinarios y especiales. Finalmente analiza...
Full Text Available The building consists of a main body, made up by three parallel blocks and two L-shaped blocks which are connected to these by corridors and thus forming great patios. The space is distributed over four storeys which, depending on their function, have different heights. Below the main body there is a basement with the installation machinery. Two other basements, situated below one of the patios between the L blocks, will provide sufficient parking space for the future needs. This construction comprises: main court room; secondary court rooms; waiting rooms and premises for the Information services; library; reading rooms; offices for the judges, lawyers and attorneys; offices for the jury; secretariat plus a great number of additional premises. The construction was made with a combination of reinforced steel and iron. Both the inside as well as the outside is covered by white granite, which emphasizes the great volume of the building. With its original and vivid design, within the sober elegance required by its function the complex is a clear exponent of the new tendencies of the present Japanese architecture.La edificación consta de un cuerpo principal, formado por tres bloques paralelos adosados, y dos bloques en L, unidos a los anteriores mediante pasillos, creando grandes patios. Está organizada en cuatro plantas de distintas alturas, según su función, más un sótano bajo el cuerpo principal que aloja la maquinaria de las instalaciones. Otros dos sótanos, situados bajo la plaza peatonal conformada entre los bloques en L, proveen de aparcamiento suficiente para las necesidades previstas. Esta edificación comprende: una sala principal de justicia; tribunales secundarlos; salas de espera y gabinetes para los servicios informativos; biblioteca; salas de lectura; despachos para jueces, abogados y procuradores; oficinas del juzgado; diversas salas de reunión; administración; secretaría, y toda una larga serie de locales
... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Amounts of civil money penalties. 438.704 Section... SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS MANAGED CARE Sanctions § 438.704 Amounts of civil money penalties. (a) General rule. The limit on, or the maximum civil money penalty the State may impose...
... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil Rights Impact Analysis. 4279.60 Section 4279.60... RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED LOANMAKING General § 4279.60 Civil Rights..., “Civil Rights Impact Analysis” are met and will complete the appropriate level of review in...
Schurmann, Anna T; Mahmud, Simeen
Civil society has the potential to have a positive impact on social exclusion and health equity through active monitoring and increased accountability. This paper examines the role of civil society in Bangladesh to understand why this potential has not been realized. Looking at two models of civil society action—participation in decentralized public-sector service provision and academic think-tank data analysis—this analysis examines the barriers to positive civil society input into public po...
Marsh, Alan J.
The study presents a statistical analysis of statements of special educational needs and Special Educational Needs and Disability (SEND) tribunal appeal rates in England and Wales. It is set against the backcloth of the 2014 Children and Families Act which replaces statements with Education, Health and Care (EHC) plans. The numerical overview…
ANTONIA DURÁN AYAGO
Full Text Available The Supreme Court has stated in its order of February 2, 2015 why it considers that its judgment of February 2014 which determines that it is not possible to access the Spanish Civil Registry the certificates of birth of two children, sons of Spaniards, born in the United States through surrogacy arrangements on the grounds that are contrary to Spanish international public order, it does not conflict with the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights in this area, mainly due to the different scope that the prohibition of surrogacy arrangements in France and Spain. El Tribunal Supremo ha precisado en su auto de 2 de febrero de 2015 por qué considera que su sentencia de febrero de 2014, en la que determina que no es posible que accedan al Registro Civil español las actas registrales de nacimiento de dos menores, hijos de españoles, nacidos en Estados Unidos mediante gestación por sustitución por contrariar el orden público internacional español, no se contrapone con la jurisprudencia del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos en esta materia, principalmente por el distinto alcance que tiene la prohibición de la gestación por sustitución en Francia y en España.
Update on Law-Related Education, 1997
Presents a glossary of civil law terms originally compiled for journalists by the American Bar Association. Defines many essential civil law concepts and practices including compensatory damages, jurisdiction, motion to dismiss, discovery, and remedy. (MJP)
The non-official chronological history of the Ming Dynasty, namely, The Non-official Chron-icles of the Ming Dynasty, included so many materials in the history of Civil Service Examination. It spanned so long time and was rare in the world. Based on The Official Chronicles of the Ming Dynasty and Textual Research of Emperor Ming Scholars’ Admission Test, this paper discovers 10 incorrect names of historical data on Civil Service Examination in The Non-official Chronicles of the Ming Dynasty.%《国榷》是私修明史中影响颇大的一部编年体文献，所收科举史料时间跨度之大，数量之多，世所罕见。据《明实录》和《皇明进士登科考》等文献考证，发现该书所收科举史料存在人名错误10处。
Henriksen, Lars Skov
Kapitlet giver en oversigt over de vigtigste teoretiske forståelser af begrebet om det civile samfund. Desuden giver kapitlet en empirisk oversigt over foreninger og organisationer i det danske civilsamfund samt befolkningens civile engagement.......Kapitlet giver en oversigt over de vigtigste teoretiske forståelser af begrebet om det civile samfund. Desuden giver kapitlet en empirisk oversigt over foreninger og organisationer i det danske civilsamfund samt befolkningens civile engagement....
Van Engeland, Anicée
Cet ouvrage dirigé par des professeurs en droit analyse le tribunal qui s’occupe de régler les différends entre les États-Unis et l’Iran et qui fête ses 25 ans. Le livre est une collection d’articles écrits par des collaborateurs du tribunal. Il fait le point sur les 3000 cas solutionnés depuis la création du tribunal qui en ont fait un modèle d’arbitrage international.
Doyle, Kerrie; Hungerford, Catherine; Cruickshank, Mary
Recent events in the UK and Australia have shown how poor patient outcomes are achieved when the behaviour of nurses lacks empathy. The UK's Francis Inquiry and the Keogh Report both call for an increase in the 'caring and compassion' of health care workers. A review of cases presented to the nurses' disciplinary tribunal in New South Wales' (Australia) also suggests that the majority of complaints against nurses in this jurisdiction is the result of callousness or lack of empathy. Such events reinforce the need for nurse educators to support nursing students to develop the affective attributes of caring and empathy. This paper considers how to raise the awareness of undergraduate students as a first step to developing empathy by using Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives; and includes a description of how to facilitate interactions with undergraduate nursing students about caring with empathy. Enculturating empathy is an evidence-based method of increasing compassionate care in health organisations generally. PMID:24656071
David H. CORROCHANO
Full Text Available Analizamos el desempeño del Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF relacionándolo con su grado y tipo de identidad en la coyuntura de las elecciones presidenciales del 2 de julio del 2000. Para ello partimos de la premisa que las instituciones no sólo deben tener un buen desempeño, sino que éste debe ser trasmitido ante la ciudadanía. Nuestra hipótesis es que el TEPJF tuvo un buen desempeño pero carecía de identidad lo que facilitó la puesta en marcha de un "chantaje" institucional que marcó la incertidumbre del proceso, pudo limitar los avances democratizadores construidos hasta la fecha, y generar un conflicto postelectoral con consecuencias para la estabilidad política del país.
F.M. van der Meer; F.K.M. van Nispen tot Pannerden (Frans)
textabstractThe Dutch civil service has undergone profound changes over the last two decades. Although certainly not unique in this respect reform has left its mark on the size, the organization and the preferred mode of operation of the civil service. In this contribution we will concentrate on the
Full Text Available In the context of the civil service system reform, the new normative framework adopted in 2002 introduced a new management arrangement in public administration, whose consequence was the transition of senior positions within ministries, bodies within ministries, and government offices from political officials to positional civil servants with a limited term of office, who have thus become the most senior civil servants, called administrative managers. Based on extensive empirical research and statistical data, this article provides an in-depth analysis of the status and position of administrative managers, which is intended to serve as a test whether the apex of the Slovenian administrative system is politicized and in what form. In the so-called new democracies, politicization most often is manifested as a violation of the principles of political neutrality characteristic of a professional civil service, through personalized and biased appointments of senior civil servants and in the low degree of protection against lay-offs of civil servants on political grounds. Administrative managers thus often have to decide between political susceptibility and trustworthiness versus professionalism and professional accountability, for their tasks belong to the administrative and political realms. This poses a question about the degree of influence politicians exert on administrative managers and the rate of success with which administrative managers manage to retain their professionalism and independence, which should represent the key characteristics of a senior civil servant.
Phanudej Kudngaongarm; Chuchai Sujivorakul
The civil engineering industry now faces with many problems such as poorly planned projects, breach of the delivery date, erroneous budget estimation, uncontrolled system functionality changes, and inappropriate documentation that all lead to the dissatisfaction of clients. One of the main concerns of civil engineering industry is to develop the talent of its human resources, since the quality and innovation of its products and services depend to a great extent on the knowledge, the ability a...
The current bank of civilized service demonstration unit standards questionable places a lot of. In this paper, ifnd out the shortage of the current service standards through the national banking has to carry out a speciifc analysis and evaluation, put forward the bank civilized service demonstration unit standard correction view, deals with the formulation and evaluation standard of perfection of the principle is:to be practical and realistic attitude, pragmatic style of work, the idea of scientiifc development, characteristic and the demand of the customer for the the banking industry to design and make the evaluation standard, the only way is responsible for the development of China's banking sector.%现行的银行文明服务示范单位标准值得商榷的地方很多。本文通过找出目前全国银行业服务标准存在的不足来进行了具体分析和评价，提出了银行文明服务示范单位标准的矫正观点，阐述了制定和完善评价标准的原则是：要以实事求是的态度，务实的作风，科学发展的思想，针对银行业的特点和客户的实际需求来设计制定考核评价标准，只有这样才是对中国银行业发展负责。
Monerri Guillén, Concepción
*Introducción: La presente tesis doctoral bajo el título “La responsabilidad civil del empresario por daños y perjuicios derivados del accidente de trabajo”, ha suscitado gran interés en la doctrina y jurisprudencia de las Salas Primera y Cuarta del Tribunal Supremo ante la falta de criterios unánimes a la hora de enjuiciar la cuestión. El órgano competente para el enjuiciamiento, la valoración del daño y, el descuento de cantidades provenientes de la Seguridad Social, daban lugar al llamado ...
Full Text Available By referring to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR as a case study, this paper seeks to explore the impact of outreach activities by international criminal tribunals. Building upon primary field research findings, including twenty-seven in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with 108 respondents, this paper applies a theory-driven investigation of the impact of outreach activities by the ICTR. Contrary to the theoretical argument, on a national level throughout society over time, outreach activities by the ICTR did neither increase awareness and understanding, nor shape positive perceptions towards the Tribunal and its expected contribution to reconciliation. Furthermore, a comparison of groups of outreach participants and control groups shows that outreach did increase the level of knowledge among beneficiaries of such activities. An increased understanding, however, cannot be correlated with more positive perceptions towards the Tribunal or its role in promoting reconciliation.
Stephen Kingah; Giovanni Molano-Cruz
The article compares how the regional tribunals of the Andean Community (CAN) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) have dealt with human rights issues in order to explore options for South-South judicial cooperation through adjudicative cross-fertilization, while taking into account specificities that characterize both regions. In doing so, focus is placed on four elements: a) the scope of human rights covered by each of the regional tribunals; b) the locus standi of individu...
Full Text Available There is a rising awareness of the power of the public sector in enhancing sustainable consumption and production practices, in particular related to food procurement and its social, ethical, economical and environmental implications. School meal services have a high resonance in the debate on collective catering services because of the implications on the education to sustainable dietary habits and the orientation of the production system. This contribution focuses on the reciprocal relationship between professionals and users of school meal services as a driver to mobilize new resources—according to the theory of co-production—that steer service innovation and a shift towards more sustainable practices. We illustrate this through a case study on the school meal system in Pisa (Italy, where the Canteen Committee represents an institutional arena for participation and empowerment of actors that has gradually gained a central role in shaping this school meal service. Despite the challenges and obstacles, the institutionalized co-production of services allows consolidation of trust among key players and the introduction of innovations in the service, in the form of several projects oriented to sustainability which would not take place without the joint effort of actors involved, parents in the first place.
IATA is promoting simplifying the business. The traditional passenger services and business process, such as ticketing, airport counters, had a great influence. The airlines have the passenger service and convenience as the next product development requirements. With civil aviation industry and their company's products construction, the authors propose a solution of passenger multi-channel service product platform. The solution is to streamline the business as the breakthrough point, around the convenience of passengers travel services to travelers as the center, using the current mainstream and the latest IT technology to establish passenger service product platform. The solution will promote DCS e-ticketing business development and service channel diversity. The research results have been applied in the product platform construction of the authors' company.The practice shows that through traditional business with the latest IT technologies, traditional passenger services into the emerging service model, passenger service product platform has strong advantages and characteristics. Based on the platform, various types of service products is growing rapidly.%国际航协IATA简化商务推广,对民航传统订票、机场柜台等旅客服务、业务流程产生了很大的影响.各航空公司纷纷将服务、便捷作为旅客服务产品下一步的发展要求.结合中国民航行业情况以及所在民航单位的产品建设,提出了以简化商务为突破点,以旅客为中心,围绕便捷的旅客出行服务,利用当前主流和最新的IT技术建立旅客多渠道服务技术平台的解决方案,以推动离港电子客票业务的发展、服务渠道的多样化.研究成果已应用在作者单位的系统平台建设中,经实践表明,旅客服务技术平台通过传统业务与最新IT技术结合,将传统旅客服务融入新兴服务模式,有较强的技术架构优势和特性,各类服务产品得以迅速发展,有效降低了航空公司的运营成本.
An illustration of how important the relationship is between civil society anbd governance. A short historic journey with four snapshots of times and situations that have provided interesting evidence about the connection between civil society and governance. My goal for the short historic journey...... is to make clear and hopefully even verify that providing knowledge about the impact of civil society and citizens’ participation on governance is one of the most urgent research tasks in the current period of time....
The specialized literature defines civil action as being: “the legal means used by a person in order to ask the court to recognize its right or to fulfil this right, by ending the obstacles put by another person or through an adequate compensation Irrespective of its definition method, civil action is considered a central institution around which the entire activity of the court of law and of the parties gravitates. Next, we will discuss the requirements for exercising civil action: expressio...
Kuhta, Milan; Brunčič, Ana
Among all crises, which have struck Slovenian construction industry, the crisis of civil engineering terminology is perhaps less noticeable, but still as important as all the others. The lack of fundamental characteristics of proper terminology causes a reasonable doubt whether Slovenian civil engineering terminology actually exists. After three editions of Splošni tehniški slovar (A General Technical Dictionary), a preparation of the new civil engineering dictionary represents one step towar...
The paper provides a brief historical overview of the concept of civil society and the relevance of different meanings to the notion of 'voice' as it relates to poor people. It outlines civil society actors that might be helpful in clarifying different forms of accountability. And in the last section, it draws some conclusions and policy recommendations about the accountability of different types of civil society groups.
... of funding availability on March 17, 2010 (75 FR 12802), and Grant Renewal applications due on June 7...: DE-1 Legal Services Corporation of Delaware....... 715,835 MDE Legal Aid Bureau 28,584 Florida:...
... of funding availability on March 29, 2013 (78 FR 19326), and Grant Renewal applications due beginning... Services of CT-1 2,239,443 Connecticut, Inc.. Delaware Legal Aid Bureau, Inc......... MDE 22,880...
... of funding availability on March 30, 2011 (76 FR 17711), and Grant Renewal applications due beginning... Assistance, Inc. Delaware DE-1 Legal Services 686,244 Corporation of Delaware, Inc. MDE Legal Aid Bureau,...
Francesca Galli; Gianluca Brunori; Francesco Di Iacovo; Silvia Innocenti
There is a rising awareness of the power of the public sector in enhancing sustainable consumption and production practices, in particular related to food procurement and its social, ethical, economical and environmental implications. School meal services have a high resonance in the debate on collective catering services because of the implications on the education to sustainable dietary habits and the orientation of the production system. This contribution focuses on the reciprocal relation...
Buhl, Kenneth Øhlenschlæger
This article is concerned with the legal challenges of regulating civil wars in international humanitarian law. Civil war is not a term used in international law; it falls however, withing the context of the legal term 'armed conflicts not of an international character', although the shorter 'non......-international armed conflict' is used here. Civil wars are usually limited to the territory of a state. Considering that international law is generally concerned with the legal relations between states – being a legal system based on the system of states with states as its subjects – the main question is how civil...... wars as internal conflicts have become subject to international humanitarian law....
Sánchez de Lollano Prieto, Joaquín
Full Text Available The absorption of the Real Tribunal del Protoalbeitarato by the Veterinary Science School of Madrid shows several singularities in relation to the equivalent process in medicine and pharmacy. The conflict and the hegemony of the Real Tribunal during almost sixty years from the creation of the Veterinary Science School (1792, has been studied by the traditional historiography with a view fundamentally focused on veterinary aspects. In this article, the process of absorption is investigated in full detail. Also, the relevance of political motivations and their predominance over technical, sanitary or professional motivations are shown. So, the game of institutions and agents which are external to the veterinary science are analysed; specially, the outstanding role performed by the XV Marquis of Cerralbo.La absorción del Real Tribunal del Protoalbeitarato por la Escuela de Veterinaria de Madrid presenta ciertas singularidades respecto al proceso equivalente en medicina y farmacia. La pugna y hegemonía del Real Tribunal durante casi sesenta años desde la creación de la Escuela de Veterinaria (1792, ha sido estudiada por la historiografía tradicional con una visión centrada fundamentalmente en aspectos veterinarios. En el presente artículo se investigan en detalle los procesos conducentes a la absorción y se pone de manifiesto la relevancia de las motivaciones políticas y su predominio sobre las de carácter técnico, sanitario o profesional. Por ello, se analiza el juego de instituciones y de agentes externos a la veterinaria implicados, en especial destacamos el papel desempeñado por el XV Marqués de Cerralbo.
Gonzalo García Pino; Pablo Contreras Vásquez
El texto propone un esquema conceptual que sistematiza la jurisprudencia del Tribunal Constitucional chileno en materia del derecho a la tutela judicial y al debido proceso. Tomando en consideración la doctrina reciente, el texto elabora categorías dogmáticas para diferenciar las potestades y componentes del derecho a la tutela judicial del debido proceso. Los autores concluyen que ambos derechos son de creciente desarrollo conceptual por la jurisprudencia constitucional chilena y que su sist...
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektifitas hasil temuan berita surat kabar harian Tribun Medan. Acuan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah dengan menggunakan rumus precision. Rumus precision yaitu jumlah dokumen terpanggil relevan dengan kebutuhan dibagi dengan jumlah dokumen yang terpanggil. Objek yang diteliti dalam penelitian ini adalah search engine Google dengan search engine Yahoo. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen, dan penelitian ini menggunakan unit a...
Full Text Available The civil engineering industry now faces with many problems such as poorly planned projects, breach of the delivery date, erroneous budget estimation, uncontrolled system functionality changes, and inappropriate documentation that all lead to the dissatisfaction of clients. One of the main concerns of civil engineering industry is to develop the talent of its human resources, since the quality and innovation of its products and services depend to a great extent on the knowledge, the ability and the talent that civil engineers apply in the development process. A competency framework defines a set of knowledge, skills, and behaviors that professionals must have to excel in their careers. A competency framework facilitates the identification of training needs and guides the design of a professional development program. In this paper we propose a competency framework for civil engineers, whose design is based on the activities and interactions that they perform during the civil development process. Thus, competency framework for civil engineers defines a set of knowledge, abilities and key behaviors, with special emphasis in the soft skills. The organization that adopts this framework must define and integrate the specific competencies needed by for civil engineers to allow them to fulfill their goals.
Bastide, Frédéric; Roturier, Benoit; Julien, Olivier; Macabiau, Christophe; Rebeyrol, Emilie; Raimondi, Mathieu; Ouzeau, Christophe; Kubrak, Damien
The Galileo E5 signal is of particular interest to the civil aviation community. Indeed, it will be broadcast in an Aeronautical Radio Navigation Services (ARNS). Moreover, combined with the Galileo E1 signal, Galileo E5 will allow dual-frequency ionosheric-free pseudoranges combinations supporting a dramatic increase of accuracy. In addition, one of its components, E5b, will carry the Galileo integrity message needed by the user to benefit from the Safety-of-Life service (SoL). Civil aviatio...
This paper points out the concept and development in the medical field of information literacy, puts forward the necessity of strengthening the education of health information literacy, and presents service concept, service object, service content and service measures of health information literacy education in E-era by analyzing the present situation of theory and practice research on health information literacy at home and abroad, combining with the existing problems in research on public health literacy in China. The authors suggest that people should learn and reference the advanced idea, experience the lessons from developed countries such as the United States, breakthrough the limitations of knowledge and skills, bring the education of health information literacy into the research on public health literacy intervention, actively explore the new ideas and new methods of improving civil health literacy, promote health promotion and health education work, and improve civil health literacy level.%阐述信息素养的概念及其在医学领域的发展，分析加强健康信息素养教育的必要性，通过分析国内外健康信息素养理论与实践研究的现状，结合当前我国公众健康素养以及健康信息素养研究存在的问题，指出E时代健康信息素养教育的服务理念和服务对象、内容及措施，提出要学习和借鉴美国等发达国家在健康信息素养教育和公共卫生管理方面的先进理念、经验教训，突破基本健康知识与技能的局限，将健康信息素养注入到公众健康素养干预的研究之中，积极探索提高全民健康素养的新思路和新方法，提高全民健康素养水平。
The thesis investigates various perceptions of civil society among civic activists in Turkey, and how these perceptions are produced and shaped. The thesis is an anthropological contribution to studies of civil society in general, as well as to studies on political culture in Turkey....
This project incorporates technology and a historical emphasis on science drawn from ancient civilizations to promote a greater understanding of conceptual science. In the Apps for Ancient Civilizations project, students investigate an ancient culture to discover how people might have used science and math smartphone apps to make their lives…
This article analyses the penultimate publication in Giorgio Agambens Homo Sacer-series Stasis: Civil War as a Political Paradigm. It compares and contrasts the paradigm of civil war with the preceding paradigm of the exception, and identifies a significant displacement in the relationship between...
Full Text Available The article tries to address the concept of civil society from varied perspectives. From a historical point of view, civil society demands not only the absent domination of state but also liberates individuals from the hegemony of state. The article shows that in Indonesia and Malaysian discourse, masyarakat madani is often used to represent the term of civil society. Using this conception, major values of civil society also share with basic ideas within the Medina Treaty in the history of Islam. These ideas include egalitarianism, human rights protection, participation, law and justice enforcement and pluralism. In this frame, the question on whether or not Islam is compatible with the concept of civil society is clearly answered. Muslims could benefit such a concept to build their awareness of being progressive and adaptive to social changes.
Galang, Roberto Martin; Castello, Itziar
This article re-conceptualizes the notion of civil regulation, through an analysis of 775 projects by firms located in 21 Asian countries, wherein we map the state of civil regulation initiatives in the region. We challenge two established assumptions in the Corporate Social Responsibility...... literature. First, contrary to what is commonly argued, we claim that strong states in Asia promote civil regulation in what we call the “paradox of the weak state”. Second, we not only argue that civil regulation is mainly enforced by multinational enterprises willing to promote international social and...... environmental standards; but also that local, small and medium companies play a key role in the development of Asian civil regulation. We call this second finding the “CSR importation trap”. Our findings are supported by evidence on the limitations in the interchangeable properties of business and governments...
Alina Georgiana PROFIROIU
Motivation and satisfaction factors of civil servants are important elements that determine their work performance. This paper aims to analyze some aspects of civil service satisfaction, motivating factors, quality of service relationships at the level of local public administration in Romania. The analysis performed by applying a questionnaire to civil servants from local public administration revealed that the factor that induces the least satisfaction to the civil servants from local publi...
ELISÂNGELA ALVES DA SILVA SCAFF
Full Text Available En este artículo se investiga y analiza el rol de la judicatura, en concreto del Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF de Brasil, relativo a las demandas judiciales en el ámbito del derecho a la educación de niños y adolescentes en el período del 2003 al 2012. Mediante este análisis se observó que el STF ha adoptado una posición favorable a la efectuación del derecho a la educación, declarando de forma unánime que la educación -incluida la educación infantil– es un derecho social fundamental inmediatamente exigible del Estado (en sentido amplio por vía judicial. No obstante la importancia de la posición jurisprudencial adoptada por el STF de Brasil, se observó también en el análisis desarrollado la falta de diálogo del STF con el área de la educación, así como el tratamiento de poca profundidad dado al tema.
Full Text Available Dois estudos experimentais de tribunal simulado tiveram como objetivo avaliar o efeito do antecedente criminal do réu e da ordem de apresentação das teses de acusação e defesa na deliberação de jurados. No primeiro foi realizado um delineamento fatorial 2 (ordem das teses X 2 (perfil do réu do qual participaram 123 estudantes, que assistiram a um julgamento simulado gravado em vídeo. Os resultados indicaram que houve tendência de condenação e que a ordem e o perfil não influenciam na deliberação, mas que o desempenho dos atores do vídeo exerceu efeito significativo na deliberação. No segundo estudo o caso foi apresentado de forma textual, sem apoio do vídeo. Apenas a variável perfil fez parte do delineamento e participaram do estudo 54 estudantes. Os resultados indicaram que o perfil não exerceu efeito na deliberação, mas a amostra tendeu a absolver o réu. Processos sócio-cognitivos precisam ser melhor investigados em estudos futuros.
Full Text Available Although there is an extensive literature on domestic legal transplants, far less is known about the transplantation of supranational judicial bodies. The Andean Tribunal of Justice (ATJ is one of eleven copies of the European Court of Justice (ECJ, and the third most active international court. This article considers the origins and evolution of the ATJ as a transplanted judicial institution. It first reviews the literatures on legal transplants, neofunctionalist theory, and the spread of European ideas and institutions, explaining how the intersection of these literatures informs the study of supranational judicial transplants. The article next explains why the Andean Pact's member states decided to add a court to their regional integration initiative, why they adapted the European Community model, and how the ECJ's existence has shaped the evolution of Andean legal doctrine and the political space within which the ATJ operates. We conclude by analyzing how the ATJ's experience informs the challenges of supranational transplants and theories of supranational legal integration more generally. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1948405
Martin, Krystle; Martin, Erica
It is the responsibility of forensic psychiatric hospitals to detain and treat patients, gradually reintegrating them into society; decisions to release patients must balance risk to the public with maintaining the least restrictive environment for patients. Little is known about the factors considered when making such decisions and whether these factors have been empirically linked to future risk of violence. The current study explores the factors predictive of forensic treatment teams' recommendations for patients under the care of the Ontario Review Board (ORB). Factors differ depending on level of security; decisions on medium secure units were influenced by the presence of active symptoms and patients' overall violence risk level and decisions made on minimum secure units were influenced by the number of critical incidents that occurred within the recommendation year. Understanding the factors used to make recommendations to the ORB tribunal helps treatment teams to reflect on their own decision-making practices. Furthermore, the results serve to inform us about factors that influence length of stay for forensic psychiatric patients. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:27147124
徐峻; 陈林; 孙蕾
According to the basic ideas of the Capability Maturity Model (CMM), the Maturity Model for civil aircraft customer service system was established on ifve big aspects: the engineering and technical support, marketing and customer support, spare parts support, flight training, technical publications, and so on. Then, Capability Maturity comprehensive evaluation method was given. With the survey results airlines of customer service satisfaction, and weights which were determined by expert advice, using the multi-level fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method , maturity level on the actual customer service system for comac's customer service center are evaluated, making the current maturity level of clear and continuous improvement Suggestions are put forward.%针对民用飞机客户服务中心的客户服务体系，根据成熟度模型（Capability Maturity Model，CMM）的基本思想，从工程技术支持、市场与客户支援、航材支援、飞行培训和技术出版物等5大方面入手，建立民用飞机客户服务体系的成熟度模型，提出其能力成熟度综合评价方法。通过参考中国商飞开展的客户服务满意度调查问卷结果，并融合专家意见确定的权重值，利用多层次模糊综合评价方法，对中国商飞客户服务中心现有的客户服务体系进行成熟度等级评价，明确其目前所处的成熟度层级，并提出持续改进的建议。
Gemma Geis Carreras
L’article analitza les novetats jurisprudencials i doctrinals aparegudes amb posterioritat a l’aprovació de Estatut bàsic de l'empleat públic (EBEP). En aquest sentit, s’inicia un recorregut amb les darreres sentències del Tribunal Constitucional respecte del dret fonamental a l’accés a la funció pública, passant pels requisits d’accés a la funció pública, les garanties del procediment de selecció envers les mesures de discriminació positiva, polítiques d’igualtat i d’inserció de les persones...
US Consumer Product Safety Commission — When CPSC is involved in a civil or criminal investigations into violations of the Consumer Products Safety Act the Commission publishes final determinations and...
Jørgensen, Martin Bak
The paper takes a transnational perspective on developing an analytical framework for understanding how transnationalism interacts with civil society and how immigrant organisations use transnational strategies to challenge the pre-given positions of immigrants within given integration- and...
The book contains an up-to-date survey of Danish civil procedure after the profound Danish procedural reforms in 2007. It deals with questions concerning competence and function of Danish courts, commencement and preparation of civil cases, questions of evidence and burden of proof, international...... procedural questions, including relations to the Brussels I Regulation and Denmark's participation in this Regulation via a parallel convention with the EU countries, impact on Danish civil procedure of the convention on human rights, preparation and pronouncement of judgment and verdict, questions of appeal...... scientific activities conducted by the author, partly based on the author's experience as a member, through a number of years, of the Danish Standing Committee on Procedural Law (Retsplejeraadet), which on a continuous basis evaluates the need for civil procedural reforms in Denmark, and finally also based...
In the column last month our regular contributor Dr Arthur McInnis took our first look at Hong Kong's Civil Justice Reform Interim Report and Consultative Paper. Those reforms as noted and if enacted, would bring the most far-reaching changes to civil - including construction -litigation in more than 100 years. This month, in the second of the two-part series, we look at the key concepts underlying and the details in the specific proposals.
The role of energy is indeed very important since without it there will be no living-things in this world. A country's ability to cultivate energy determines the levels of her civilization and wealth. Sufficient energy supply is needed for economic growth, industrialization, and modernization. In a modern civilization, the prosperity and security of a country depends more on the capability of her people rather than the wealth of her natural resources. Energy supplies the wealth, prosperity and security, and sufficient reliable continuous supply of energy secures the sustainable development. The energy supply to sustain the development has to improve the quality of life covering also the quality of environment to support the ever increasing demand of human race civilization. Energy has a closer relationship with civilization in a modern society and will have to become even closer in the future more civilized and more modern society. The utilization of nuclear energy has, however, some problems and challenges, e.g. misleading information and understanding which need serious efforts for public information, public relation, and public acceptance, and possible deviation of nuclear materials for non-peaceful uses which needs serious efforts for technological and administrative barriers, precaution, prevention, safety, physical protection, safeguard, and transparency. These require cooperation among nuclear community. The cooperation should be more pronounced by heterogeneous growing Asian countries to reach harmony for mutual benefits toward better civilization. (J.P.N.)
Full Text Available Cet article présente les résultats d’une recherche effectuée dans le cadre de la réalisation d’un mémoire de licence en gestion des ressources humaines. Titre exact du Mémoire : « Gestion du personnel de guichet et relation de service dans les administrations communales. Le cas de six communes bruxelloises. » Inspirée par les ouvrages « L’État au guichet » de J.M. Weller et « La vie au guichet » de V. Dubois, nous avons étudié les départements « population » et « état civil » de six communes bruxelloises sous l’angle de la relation de service. Afin de réaliser ce travail, nous nous sommes entretenus avec des agents et des chefs de service de ces administrations communales (Ixelles, Bruxelles, Evere, Koekelberg, Uccle, Saint Josse. Au total, 28 entretiens ont été réalisés. Notre ambition étant de mettre en lumière les particularités du travail d’agents communaux « en contact direct avec le public ».Insistant davantage sur les aspects théoriques de notre mémoire, cet article vise à mettre en évidence les principaux aspects de la sociologie des relations de service appliquée aux services publics. Plus précisément, il s’agit ici de définir les particularités de ce travail d’accueil, d’insister sur la complexité de celui-ci, sur les compétences qu’il requiert et sur le déroulement des rencontres entre agents et usagers.
Diamond, Robert A., Ed.; Alligood, Arlene, Ed.
Contents of this comprehensive review of civil rights developments from 1968 to 1970 include: Introduction--civil rights 1970: progress continues, priority wanes; Legislative Background--20 years of civil rights; Commission Report--civil rights enforcement; a promise unfulfilled; Supreme Court Decision--key decision on busing, racial balance…
Roca, María J.
En el trabajo se expone cómo y por qué se aplicaron el Derecho canónico y el Derecho romano en el extenso territorio del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico. Buena parte de los ducados, marquesados, etc. integrados en él habían quedado siempre fuera del limes romano. Además, en los momentos en que tuvo lugar la recepción plena del Ius commune, debido a la Reforma protestante, se dejaba de reconocer la autoridad del Romano Pontífice y de los Obispos. Ello fue posible debido a que el Tribunal Superi...
De Miguel Asensio, Pedro Alberto
Análisis de dos recientes sentencias del Tribunal de Justicia de gran importancia en relación con los aspectos internacionales de la protección de datos personales. La sentenicia Schrems declara la invalidez de los principios de puerto seguro, un mecanismo fundamental del entramado que facilitaba las transferencias internacionales de datos desde la UE a EEUU, al que han venido estando adheridas los principales prestadores de servicios de Internet, como redes sociales, correo electrónico o mot...
Leonor Garay Morales; Luis Eduardo Medina Torres
El Centro de Capacitación Judicial Electoral (CCJE) del Tribunal Electoral de México (TEPJF) planea y ejecuta actividades de capacitación, investigación, difusión, formación y actualización en el ámbito de las acciones de importancia para la vida institucional y jurisdiccional del TEPJF, asimismo constituyen una vía de preparación y actualización para autoridades electorales, partidos políticos, instituciones educativas, la ciudadanía y órganos gubernamentales y no gubernamentales...
Through the investigation and study of college students achievement motivation, to explore the influencing factors, and provide a basis for the research of college students' achievement motivation, this research through the senior students "achievement motivation scale" questionnaire and SPSS software data analysis results: college students' achievement motivation in a professional, no significant difference on gender factors; The Han nationality college students' achievement motivation is significantly higher than the college students of ethnic minorities; Civil service exam achievement motive level of college students is significantly higher than not to attend college students.%通过对在校大学生成就动机的调查研究，探索影响因素，为大学生成就动机的研究提供依据，本研究通过“成就动机量表”问卷调查大四学生和SPSS软件数据分析得出结果：大学生成就动机在专业、性别因素上差异不显著；汉族大学生成就动机明显高于少数民族大学生；公考大学生的成就动机水平明显高于不参加公考的大学生。
Because of the dynamic developments in information technology, the role of the libraries is also changing dramatically. Access to electronic resources, as a service, has become more common for all those working in libraries. This paper focuses on the Civil Engineering Resources (CER), an electronic resource service available on the World Wide Web. It was developed within the library of Civil Engineering at Lund Institute of Technology, compiling about 500 selected Internet Resour...
Kuiper, T B; Morris, M
We have argued that planning for a search for extraterrestrial intelligence should involve a minimum number of assumptions. In view of the feasibility (at our present level of understanding) of using nuclear fusion to effect interstellar travel at a speed of 0.1c, it appears unwarranted (at this time) to assume that it would not occur for at least some technologically advanced civilizations. One cannot even conclude that humans would not attempt this within the next few centuries. On the contrary, the most likely future situation, given the maintenance of technological growth and the absence of extraterrestrial interference, is that our civilization will explore and colonize our galactic neighborhood. A comparison of the time scales of galactic evolution and interstellar travel leads to the conclusion that the galaxy is either essentially empty with respect to technological civilizations or extensively colonized. In the former instance, a SETI would be unproductive. In the latter, a SETI could be fruitful if a signal has been deliberately directed at the earth or at an alien outpost, probe, or communication relay station in our solar system. In the former case, an existing antenna would probably be sufficient to detect the signal. In the latter case, success would depend on the way in which the communications were coded. Failure to detect a signal could permit any of the following conclusions: (i) the galaxy is devoid of technological civilizations, advanced beyond our own, (ii) such civilizations exist, but cannot (for some reason which is presently beyond our ken) engage in interstellar colonization, or (iii) such civilizations are not attempting overt contact with terrestrial civilizations and their intercommunications, if present, are not coded in a simple way. To plan at this time for a high-cost, large-array SETI based on the last two possibilities appears to be rather premature. PMID:17760037
Bratislava : Slovenská spoločnosť pre medzinárodné právo pri Slovenskej akadémii vied, 2008 - (Vlková, E.; Šurková, E.), s. 133-152 ISBN 978-80-969540-2-5. - (Štúdie a materiály. XXIV). [Slovensko-české medzinárodnoprávne sympózium. Smolenice (SK), 01.10.2007-03.10.2007] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70680506 Keywords : international criminal tribunals * public international law * The Special Tribunal for Lebanon Subject RIV: AG - Legal Sciences
＂晕轮效应＂是一种主观心理臆测,是一个不可忽视、又无处不在的评价偏见,具有片面性、表面性和弥散性的特点。它存在于考官队伍中,对公务员的选拔工作会造成负面影响。＂晕轮效应＂作为一种心理现象,在公务员的面试过程中是不可消除的,因此,应该从主观上主动地去避免、克制,并且还要建立严格的选人用人制度,在客观上防止＂晕轮效应＂的出现,使＂晕轮效应＂的影响降到最低程度,保证面试的科学性和可靠性,努力做到公平、公开、公正地选拔人才,求得面试的效果最佳。%The ＂halo effect＂ is a subjective psychological speculation,should not be neglected,and everywhere in the evaluation of bias,one-sided,surface and diffuse features.It exists in the ranks of examiners,the selection of civil servants will have a negative impact.＂Halo effect＂ as a psychological phenomenon,the interview process in the civil service can not be eliminated,should take the initiative to avoid the subjective,restraint,and also to establish a strict system of selection and appointment,the objective to prevent the ＂halo effect＂ occurs,so that the ＂halo effect＂ to a minimum,ensure the scientific and reliability of the interview,to be fair, open and impartial selection of personnel,the interview obtained the best results.
Beatriz Marcet Champagne; Ernesto Sebrié; Verónica Schoj
Civil society has been the engine that has permitted many of the accomplishments seen in tobacco control in Latin America and the Caribbean. However, the role of civil society is not clearly understood. Civil society plays five main roles: advocate, coalition builder, provider of evidence-based information, watchdog and service provider. Some of these roles are played weakly by civil society in the region and should be encouraged to support beneficial societal change. Civil society working in...
Full Text Available The role of victim organizations in the transitional justice process is examined in postwar Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH. These organizations emerged in the context of the top-down accountability agenda driven by the international crisis intervention in the Balkan wars and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY. By contrast, in Latin America victim organizations emerged as a self-conscious movements of individuals galvanized by their traumatic experience of state repression and demanding accountability from the bottom-up. In BiH accountability became a condition for re-establishing state political and legal authority but also international financing for reconstruction and progress towards EU accession. Victim organizations were part of the NGO sector which grew rapidly in response to the neoliberal governance model of selforganizing civil society to transform post-socialist and postwar BiH. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs, run largely by professional middle class displaced from careers in the downsized state bureaucracy, became intermediaries between external donors and war affected populations. Victim organizations participated in the transitional justice process by supporting victims/witnesses in international and national prosecutions, tracing the missing persons and supporting the right of return of displaced populations. In BiH, victims’ organizations did not emerge as social movements advocating for citizenship and social justice, but became incorporated in the neoliberal governance model, sponsored by international agendas for stabilization, democratization and EU accession.
The question of how the consequences of technological development are to be mastered on the legal level is not primarily a problem of the administrative procedure. The essential point in the discussion on protection of basic rights is not to be seen in the citizen's right to participate in administrative procedures, but rather in the substantive civil rights of individual persons as against the government, together with the system of values established in the Basic Law and derived from the basic rights, as well as in the proper functioning of the principle of separation of powers (legislature, administration, and judicature). The law on procedure and thus the idea of (protection of civil rights by rules of procedure) in this context only have an enhancing effect. Practical protection of civil rights is also ascertained in the Federal Republic of Germany by the particularly well-established guarantee of access to the courts. Another idea to be mentioned in this context is an approach that can be termed as 'protection of civil rights by government-funded research'. Other facts contributing to building a protective shield against infringement of civil rights by technology, activities or installations, include e.g. the federal structure of the state and the administration, type and scope of organisation of the public service, the established system of environmental protection and the safety provided by the current system of expert opinions. (orig./HSCH)
Ochakovsky V. A.
Full Text Available The ongoing administrative reform in Russia has been carried out with the help of modern technology and human resources and it has a significant impact on the staff of the civil service - civil servants. This article presents the position of the Government of the Russian Federation, according to which the establishment of effective contract - one of the ways of development, improve the remuneration system for civil servants, public servants themselves assessment of this innovation, presented the implementation of effective regulatory framework contract is indicated by its ideology. The factor affecting the wages of civil servants is a performance indicator; the article lists its views. In different departments, employee performance is evaluated differently in the article presents an assessment of the effectiveness of them. The evaluation of the implementation of effective contract Sergei Filatov, who served as President of the socio-economic and intellectual programs and Dmitry Abzalov - President of the Center for Strategic Communications. Also there was shown the analysis of public servants’ understanding, feasibility and impact of introducing effective contract in the state structures. We have proposed measures to address misunderstandings of the reform civil servants. There are findings as well as possible scenarios after the establishment of effective contract
Last month a high-level Working Party on Civil Justice Reform in Hong Kong released a widely anticipated Interim Report and Consultative Paper. The reforms, if enacted, would bring the most far-reaching changes to civil - including construction - litigation in the territory in more than 100 years. This month, in the first of a two-part series, our regular contributor Dr Arthur McInnis, looks at the context for the reforms and the reasons underlying them while next month the recommendations th...
Kuiper, T. B. H.; Morris, M.
Three interrelated assumptions are critically examined in an attempt to outline a productive strategy for a search for extraterrestrial intelligence. Questions concerning the feasibility of interstellar travel are investigated. It is concluded that the probability of interstellar travel is high enough that, given a modest number of advanced civilizations, at least one of them will engage in interstellar voyages and colonize the galaxy. Assuming, however, that technological civilizations are rare the galaxy would be essentially unpopulated. Attention is given to the present lack of contact with extraterrestrial beings and frequencies for interstellar beacons.
Comparative Analysis of Labor Relations in the Latin American Civil Service: Argentina, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Peru Title: Análisis comparado de las relaciones laborales en la administración pública Latinoamericana: Argentina, Costa Rica, México y Perú
Graciela Falivene; José Alberto Bonifacio
This document is a summary of the study entitled, Comparative Analysis of Labor Relations in the Latin American Civil Service: Argentina, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Peru. The report includes the theoretical framework, the results of the study, and contains conclusions for consideration for a "labor relations development index." This document was commissioned by the Public Management and Transparency Network of the Regional Policy Dialogue for the 2nd Hemispheric Meeting celebrated on April 4th a...
The importance of international organizations in Europe The numerous international and European organizations based in Europe employ together many tens of thousands of international and European civil servants. The members of personnel of these organizations are subject to various legal regimes and have to appeal against administrative decisions before different administrative tribunals (e.g., ILOAT, UNAT, EUCST, OECDAT). CERN being one of the larger European organizations, it is important that we stay abreast of the latest developments in this area. Therefore, the Staff Association sent two representatives to a colloquium “New developments in the legal protection of international and European civil servants”, held in Luxembourg the 1st and 2nd of April 2011. This is not the place to review in detail the different aspects of the recent evolution in the various legal systems, which were presented there (the proceedings can be consulted in the Secretariat of the Staff Associatio...
Discusses opposing tendencies in the interpretation of Western Civilization. Describes the expanded definition that includes Byzantine and Islamic cultures as heirs of the Greco-Roman cultures. Suggests that a limited definition of Western culture will facilitate a problems approach, emphasize diversity among cultures, and integrate the classical…
An analysis is made of the civil liability for nuclear damage since there is a need to adjust the existing rules to the new situations created. The conventions that set up the new disciplining rules not considered in the common law for the liability of nuclear damage are also mentioned. (A.L.)
Leppert, Ella C.; Halac, Dennis
The instructional materials in this teaching guide for Course II, Unit IV, follow and build upon a previous sequential course described in SO 003 169 offering ninth grade students a study on the development of Western European Civilization. Focus is upon four periods of high development: The High Middle Ages (12th Century), The Renaissance (15th…
The open-ended activities in this book are designed to extend the imagination and creativity of students and encourage students to examine their feelings and values about historic eras. Civilizations addressed include ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome, Mayan, Stonehenge, and Mesopotamia. The activities focus upon the cognitive and affective pupil…
李欣癑; 贾云献; 黄静; 邹效
借鉴外军装备技术服务研究成果，立足我军现有保障体制，梳理了军民融合背景下装备售后技术服务的内涵，分析了装备售后技术服务模式的类型，明确了装备售后技术服务策略构成，提出了系统级和业务级装备售后技术服务逻辑决断流程，为开展军民融合条件下装备售后技术服务提供理论指导和技术支持。%The connotation of the equipment after-sale technical service under the circumstance of militar-y-civil integration is studied based on the support mechanism of our army and using the foreign technical service researches for reference.Then the classifications of the equipment after-sale technical service modes are analyzed and equipment after-sale technical service strategies are explicated.At last,based on the above results,the system-level and business-level equipment after-sale technical service logic decision processes are proposed,which could provide theoretic guidance and technical support for the equipment after-sale technical service under the condition of military-civil integration.
Buttigieg, George Gregory; Buttigieg, Gabrielle
The Ecclesiastical Tribune of the Roman Curia in Malta appoints gynaecologists as medical experts to certain cases seeking annulment. These cases often essentially revolve around the confirmation or exclusion of virginity but may involve requests for other information. In this article an experienced gynaecologist and a practicing lawyer, evaluate the gynaecologist’s role, outline clinical pitfalls and offer relevant advice.
The annual Global Civil Society Yearbooks provide an indispensable guide to global civil society or civic participation and action around the world. This year, the Yearbook will focus on communicative power and democracy, investigating different forms of democracy promotion and communication with a view to understanding the relationship between communication, democracy and media. The Global Civil Society Yearbook remains the standard work on all aspects of contemporary global civil society fo...
@@ Beijing - A farewell party for the CCTV (China Central Television) crew 'Road to Civilizations-Global Exploration Tour of World Major Civilizations' - the world's first TV series documenting the journey of exploring the 12 civilizations in the human world, was sponsored by Fujian Septwolves Industry Co., Ltd and held at the Beijing Landmark hotel on 16 January.
...) entitled ``Civil Penalties'' which proposed the adjustment of certain civil penalties for inflation. 74 FR.... See 62 FR 37115 (July 10, 1997) (NHTSA's civil penalty policy under the Small Business Regulatory... April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477, 19477-78). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jessica Lang, Office of...
...,000. 75 FR 5246. Also on February 10, 2010, NHTSA last adjusted the maximum civil penalty for a... civil penalty policy when determining the appropriate civil penalty amount. See 62 FR 37115 (July 10... Act was published on February 4, 1997. 62 FR 5167. At that time, we codified the penalties...
... $6,000. 71 FR 28279. At the same time, the agency adjusted the maximum civil penalty for a single... to $16,650,000. 75 FR 5246. Also on February 10, 2010, NHTSA last adjusted the maximum civil penalty... policy when determining the appropriate civil penalty amount. See 62 FR 37115 (July 10, 1997)...
Humberto Nogueira Alcalá
Full Text Available 1. La reforma constitucional y nuevas modalidades de control de constitucionalidad 1.1 El juicio incidental de inconstitucionalidad de preceptos legales ante el tribunal constitucional 1.2 El control reparador, abstracto, con efecto erga omnes de inconstitucionalidad practicado de oficio por el tribunal constitucional 2. Las sentencias del tribunal constitucional y sus efectos 2.1 Las sentencias estimatorias o desestimatorias de inconstitucionalidad 2.2 Los efectos de las sentencias de los tribunales constitucionales en el tiempo a. Los efectos ex tunc de las sentencias b. Los efectos ex nunc de las sentencias c. Los efectos ex tunc o ex nunc de las sentencias en los tribunales constitucionales latinoamericanos d. Los efectos prospectivos de las sentencias e. Consideraciones sobre los efectos de las sentencias en el tiempo y efectos de la sentencia constitucional en Chile con la reforma 2005 3. La necesaria regulación de la ley orgánica constitucional del tribunal constitucional de materias complementarias sobre las que no existe pronunciamiento constitucional 3.1 Los efectos de cosa juzgada absoluta, relativa o aparente de las sentencias del tribunal constitucional 3.2 La cosa juzgada formal y material 3.3 Cosa juzgada y jurisdicción supranacional 3.4 El efecto vinculante de las sentencias constitucionales para los tribunales ordinarios y especiales 3.5 El valor vinculante de la parte dispositiva de la sentencia y el valor jurídico de los considerandos, parte motiva, ratio decidendi o tragende gronde 4. Consideraciones finales
Full Text Available Resumen: La crisis económica de Argentina en años recientes derivó en la pérdida de legitimidad de las instituciones políticas del país. La medida de suspensión de las libertades y garantías de derechos individuales provocó una desobediencia civil generalizada que llevó a miles de personas a manifestar pacíficamente su repudio al gobierno de Fernando de la Rúa. Este gesto ciudadano espontáneo, desorganizado y voluntario sirvió, entre otras cosas, para formar una autodeterminación primaria directa de la voluntad popular y una autocomprensión del carácter democrático de la sociedad civil. La justificación de la desobediencia se basaba en una cuestión de derechos. Todos los manifestantes afirmaban que tenían derecho a desobedecer porque la desobediencia, en ciertas circunstancias, era un derecho humano. ¿Pero puede ser la desobediencia civil, en un Estado de derecho, un auténtico derecho? ¿En qué circunstancias, en el contexto legal y fuera de los derechos habituales de resistencia como huelga, manifestación, etcétera, se puede desobedecer una norma legal? Abstract: The recent economic crisis in Argentina led to the loss of identity of the country’s political institutions. The measure of the suspension of freedom and of the guarantee of individual rights provoked a generalized civil disobedience which led thousands of people to peacefully demonstrate their repudiation of Fernando de la Rúa’s government. This spontaneous, unorganized and voluntary action by the citizens served, among other things, to form a direct primary self-determination of the will of the people and a self-understanding of the democratic character of civil society. The justification of the disobedience was based on a question of rights. All the demonstrators asserted that they had the right to disobey because disobedience, in certain circumstances, was a human right. However, can civil disobedience, in a constitutional state, be an authentic right
Full Text Available Este artigo analisa um conjunto de decisões do Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF relativas ao Benefício de Prestação Continuada (BPC, um benefício assistencial de transferência de renda para idosos ou pessoas com deficiência incapacitadas para o trabalho e a vida independente, cuja renda familiar per capita seja inferior a um quarto do salário mínimo. A judicialização das políticas sociais é um fenômeno crescente à Suprema Corte brasileira e o caso do BPC é paradigmático. O artigo discute os argumentos de cunho orçamentário que prevaleceram nas recentes decisões do STF e contesta a adequação do recorte de renda estabelecido pela Lei Orgânica de Assistência Social (Loas como critério de elegibilidade ao benefício. Por fim, o artigo avalia os impactos orçamentários de uma elevação do critério de elegibilidade para meio salário mínimo. A principal conclusão do artigo é de que uma elevação do critério de renda será acompanhada por um aumento da população legalmente elegível para o BPC, mas, devido a atuais erros de focalização da política, a expansão de custos será inferior ao aumento no tamanho da população legalmente elegível.This paper analyses decisions of the Brazilian Supreme Court regarding the Beneficio de Prestacao Continuada (BPC, Continuous Cash Benefit, a regular income transfer to the elderly and persons with disability not capable of working or living an independent life whose family per capita income is lower than a quarter of the minimum wage. The litigation of social policies before the Brazilian Supreme Court is a growing phenomena and the case of BPC is paradigmatic. The paper examines the budgetary arguments prevailing in recent Supreme Court decisions, and challenges the appropriateness of the income eligibility threshold set by the Lei Organica da Assistencia Social (Social Assistance Act. In addition, the paper evaluates the fiscal impact of raising the threshold to half minimum
以民航业为分析背景 ,基于电子服务特点的系统分析 ,从顾客视角修正、补充经典服务评价模型的维度及题项.通过问卷实证分析 ,验证了新增维度的效度和信度 ,并构建航空公司电子服务质量评价模型 ,为服务企业改进电子服务质量的提供理论依据.%Based on the customer perspective and civil aviation ,this paper systematically analyzes the charac-teristics of e-service ,updates and improves the dimensions and items of the classic service evaluation mod-el ,verifies the validity of the new dimension and the reliability ,and establishes a new model to evaluate civ-il aviation e-service quality through empirical analysis .In the light of the analysis conclusion ,the paper puts forward the strategies and advices to the service enterprises for improving the electronic service quality .
<正>In the distribution of modem world civilizations,the Oriental civilization and Western civilization are the two major civilization systems.Western civilization is often represented by the Christian civilization in Europe and North America on both sides across the North Atlantic.Oriental civilization appears more diversified,among which the Chinese civilization,India civilization and Islamic civilization are the most influential
Kuiper, T. B. H.
Evolutionary arguments are presented in favor of the existence of civilization on a galactic scale. Patterns of physical, chemical, biological, social and cultural evolution leading to increasing levels of complexity are pointed out and explained thermodynamically in terms of the maximization of free energy dissipation in the environment of the organized system. The possibility of the evolution of a global and then a galactic human civilization is considered, and probabilities that the galaxy is presently in its colonization state and that life could have evolved to its present state on earth are discussed. Fermi's paradox of the absence of extraterrestrials in light of the probability of their existence is noted, and a variety of possible explanations is indicated. Finally, it is argued that although mankind may be the first occurrence of intelligence in the galaxy, it is unjustified to presume that this is so.
The paper looks at the trends in nominal and real salaries of the Federal Government employees over the period 1990-2006. It examines the structural defects in the existing salary structure and the anomalies in the allowances structure to show that appropriate remuneration for the civil servants requires serious and urgent consideration. The widening gap in the emoluments of government employees versus the public sector corporations and private sector employees has a strong bearing on the mot...
Ecological civilization, which refers to the harmonious development of man and the nature, has the connotation of the ecological material civilization, ecological consciousness civilization, ecological institutional civilization and ecological behavior civilization. The research on ecological civilization evaluation index system is important in that it can provide the guidance for the construction of ecological civilization, and besides it can improve public recognition of the importance of ecological civil...
Classe dangereuse ou idiots culturels, les supporters de football font régulièrement l’objet de condamnations morales et d’un traitement médiatique prisonnier du sens commun. Composer avec ces représentations négatives s’avère d’autant plus délicat que l’on entend prendre pour terrain d’enquête le Paris-Saint-Germain (PSG) et en particulier le Kop de Boulogne, une tribune à l’image sulfureuse, comme le fait l’ouvrage de l’anthropologue Eric Wittersheim. On est alors « immédiatement tenté de m...
Els drets lingüístics no formen part de manera explícita del Conveni Europeu per a la Protecció dels Drets Humans i les Llibertats Fonamentals, més enllà d’alguna referència aïllada a la llengua en uns pocs preceptes. No obstant això, el cert és que el Tribunal Europeu de Drets Humans s’ha pronunciat en més d’una ocasió sobre la dimensió lingüística de diversos drets, com per exemple el dret a la vida familiar i privada, a l’educació o a la llibertat d’expressió, entre d’altres. El present t...
De Miguel Asensio, Pedro Alberto
Al hilo de la reciente jurisprudencia del Tribunal de Justicia, se aborda el ámbito de aplicación espacial de la legislación europea sobre protección de datos personales, con especial referencia al sometimiento del editor del motor de búsqueda –Google Inc- a la legislación española de protección de datos. También se analizan la caracterización del gestor del motor de búsqueda como responsable del tratamiento, así como las obligaciones del motor de búsqueda y la interacción con la posición de ...
Márcia Mazo Santos de Miranda
Full Text Available A quick, effective and powerful alternative for knowledge management is the systematic sharing of best practices. This study identified in the literature recommendations for structuring a best practices database and summarized the benefits of its deployment to the Tribunal Regional Federal da Primeira Região TRF - 1ª Região. A It was conducted a quantitative research was then carried out, with the distribuition of where questionnaires were distributed to federal judges of the TRF- 1ª Região, which was divided into 4 parts: magistrate profile, flow of knowledge / information, internal environment, organizational facilitator. As a result, we identified the need to have a best practices database in the Institution for the organizational knowledge identification, transfer and sharing. The conclusion presents recommendations for the development of the database and highlights its importance for knowledge management in an organization.
Roxana Cristina RADU
Full Text Available An ever increasing feature of public office is the way in which the recruitment and training of civil servants are controlled by legislation. Civil servants are a basic component of public administration but they are also important for labor law because civil service relations have the characteristics of an employment relationship and also specific features resulting from the rules of public law. The relevant expression of the interferences between public and private law for civil servants is recruitment and training. The originality of this article lies in the multidisciplinary character, combining elements of labor law, administrative law and human resources management, character reflected in the bibliography used. Another merit of this study is that the authors correlated the provisions of various laws: Constitution, Labor Code, Law no. 161/2003 on the transparency in exercising public dignities and public functions, Government Ordinance no. 137/2000 regarding the prevention and sanction of all discrimination forms, Government Ordinance no. 129/2000 concerning adults’ professional training.
Palomar Olmeda, Alberto
SUMARIO: I. Punto de partida: El sistema legal de nombramiento del Fiscal General del Estado.- II. Análisis de la Sentencia del Tribunal Supremo de 28 de junio de 1994. 1. La naturaleza jurídica del acto impugnado y su control jurisdiccional. 2. La legitimación de los demandantes. 3. La interpretación del Tribunal Supremo del concepto «servicios efectivos».- III. A modo de primeras conclusiones.
Resumen: La crisis económica de Argentina en años recientes derivó en la pérdida de legitimidad de las instituciones políticas del país. La medida de suspensión de las libertades y garantías de derechos individuales provocó una desobediencia civil generalizada que llevó a miles de personas a manifestar pacíficamente su repudio al gobierno de Fernando de la Rúa. Este gesto ciudadano espontáneo, desorganizado y voluntario sirvió, entre otras cosas, para formar una autodeterminación primaria di...
Some polities are able to use constitutionally prescribed political processes to settle distributional disputes, whereas in other polities distributional disputes result in civil conflict. Theoretical analysis reveals that the following properties help to make it possible to design a self-enforcing constitution that can settle recurring distributional disputes between social classes without civil conflict: • Neither social class has a big advantage in civil conflict. • The expected incrementa...
P. SYLOS LABINI
It is commonly held that economic development automatically brings civil development with it, as if between the two there were a cause-effect relationship. While economic development is obviously a necessary condition for civil development, it is not a sufficient one. On the other hand, without certain fundamental pre-requisites in the civil development field, such as a minimum level of education, economic development is impossible. Thus, the two phenomena are best conceived of in terms of in...
Global Standards of Market Civilization brings together leading scholars, representing a range of political views, to investigate how global 'standards of market civilization' have emerged, their justification, and their political, economic and social impact. Key chapters show how as the modern......, economic and social impact. Civilization is a term widely used within modern political discourse its meaning, yet it is poorly understood and misused. part I explores the idea of a ‘standard of civilization', its implications for governance, and the use of such standards in political theory and economic...
The labor tribunal system, which is a form of alternative dispute resolution rather than a type of lawsuit, requires both parties' agreements to settle disputes and maintains a high settlement rate. As most of parties involved in the system are said to expect that labor problems should be settled fairly, it is assumed that they will readily accept the results of fair procedures. However, it seems that laborers who submit claims for compensation have a different concept of justice than employers or company employees in charge of settlements and this determines the attitudes toward the results. This study conducted a survey of participants in the labor tribunal system, and suggest that laborers attribute the validity of this system's results directly to judges, while company representatives attribute it to the procedure conducted by the judges. PMID:26182487
Altamura, M.; Musso, L.
The legal systems of our Countries provide the citizenship with a high level of protection. Personal safety and the protection of property are guaranteed by the State through organized structures among which we can include the Civil Protection. The progress of science and technology has greatly improved monitoring tools, currently used by the Civil Protection, which allow, to a certain extent, to predict and prevent risk and natural hazards. The assertion of an individual right, which in some cases has reached a constitutional rank, to benefit from Civil Protection services and the widespread perception throughout the citizenship of the competence of the system to prevent disasters, often causes people to take legal action against Civil Protection authorities should they fail in their duties to protect. However, the attempt of having both recognized an economic compensation for the suffered loss and the punishment of those whom misled, frequently undergoes criminal law. This process could have results that may jeopardize the effectiveness of Civil Protection service without meeting citizens’ demands. A dual effort is thus necessary in order to solve such a problem. On the one hand, an interdisciplinary knowledge needs to pervade criminal law in an attempt to relieve its self-referentiality and pretended supremacy. On the other hand an alternative, and more agile, system -such as civil or administrative law- has to be identified in order to respond to the legitimate requests for protection in the case of a faulty behaviour of the authorities.
Tourism Tribune, Tourism Science and Tourism Forum are three mainstream tourism journals in our country. This paper reviews the three journals about the tourism research progress in the past five years, analyzes the authors＇ district distribution and units, their research contents and methods, and finds that in the three journals two aspects are studied more than others, that is, tourism problems and methods, and hospitality industry; Tourism Forum lays emphasis on tourism education and talents cultivation, while Tourism Tribune pays more attention to the basic theory of the problems discussed; qualitative research methods account for the largest proportion in all the three periodicals, while other methods are used less; the authors in Tourism Tribune are largely from developed areas, while most of the authors of Tourism Science and Tourism Forum are from Shanghai and Guangxi respectively, which reflects their characteristic of local service; most of the authors in the th.ree journals work in higher learning institutions or its research institutions.%《旅游学报》、《旅游科学》和《旅游论坛》是我国旅游研究三大主流期刊。基于5年来这三种期刊关于旅游研究进展，对载文数量的时间分布、载文作者的地域分布、论文作者单位、研究内容和研究方法作统计分析。研究发现，旅游研究问题和方法及接待业的研究是三种期刊研究最多的内容，《旅游论坛》偏重于旅游教育和人才培养，《旅游学刊》更注重基础理论问题的探讨；三种期刊均是定性研究方法所占比例最：赶．其他方法的运用较少；《旅游学刊》载文作者所处地域在经济发达地区占绝大部分，《旅游科学》和《旅游论坛：》载文作者所属地域分布最多的分别是上海和广西，体现了服务地方的特点；三种期刊载文作者单位最多的都是高等院校及其研究机构。
... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Civil judgment. 1508.920 Section 1508.920...) Definitions § 1508.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of... creates a civil liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...
... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Civil judgment. 208.920 Section 208.920 Foreign...) Definitions § 208.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of... creates a civil liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...
... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Civil judgment. 1006.920 Section 1006.920...) Definitions § 1006.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of... creates a civil liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...
... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Civil judgment. 1404.920 Section 1404.920 Food and...) Definitions § 1404.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of... creates a civil liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...
... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil judgment. 180.915 Section 180.915... § 180.915 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of... creates a civil liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...
This document concerns the increase of the contract amounts for LHC civil engineering construction contracts and civil engineering consultancy contracts. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the increase of the contract amounts with: - the joint venture TEERAG-ASDAG (AT), C. BARESEL (DE) and LOCHER (CH) for civil engineering construction, package 1, for a revised total amount of 91 500 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision; - the joint venture EDF (FR) and KNIGHT&PIESOLD (GB) for the provision of civil engineering consultancy services, package 1, for a revised total amount of 14 400 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision; - the joint venture TAYLOR WOODROW (GB), AMEC (GB) and SPIE BATIGNOLLES (FR) for civil engineering construction, package 3a, for a revised total amount of 118 000 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision; - the joint venture BROWN&ROOT (GB), INTECSA (ES) and HIDROTECNICA (PT) for the provision of civil engineering consultancy services, package 3, for a revised total amount of 14 ...
Macklin, Mark G.; Lewin, John
The hydromorphic regimes that underpinned Old World river-based civilizations are reviewed in light of recent research. Notable Holocene climatic changes varied from region to region, whilst the dynamics of floodplain environments were equally diverse, with river channel changes significantly affecting human settlement. There were longer-term trends in Holocene hydroclimate and multi-centennial length 'flood-rich' and 'flood-poor' episodes. These impacted on five identified flooding and settlement scenarios: (i) alluvial fans and aprons; (ii) laterally mobile rivers; (iii) rivers with well-developed levees and flood basins; (iv) river systems characterised by avulsions and floodouts; and (v) large river-fed wetlands. This gave a range of changes that were either more or less regular or incremental from year-to-year (and thus potentially manageable) or catastrophic. The latter might be sudden during a flood event or a few seasons (acute), or over longer periods extending over many decades or even centuries (chronic). The geomorphic and environmental impacts of these events on riparian societies were very often irreversible. Contrasts are made between allogenic and autogenic mechanism for imposing environmental stress on riverine communities and a distinction is made between channel avulsion and contraction responses. Floods, droughts and river channel changes can precondition as well as trigger environmental crises and societal collapse. The Nile system currently offers the best set of independently dated Holocene fluvial and archaeological records, and the contrasted effects of changing hydromorphological regimes on floodwater farming are examined. The persistence of civilizations depended essentially on the societies that maintained them, but they were also understandably resilient in some environments (Pharaonic Egypt in the Egyptian Nile), appear to have had more limited windows of opportunity in others (the Kerma Kingdom in the Nubian Nile), or required
Kevin Curran; Steven McIntyre; Hugo Meenan; Francis McCloy; Ciaran Heaney
Civil Liberties - the term used for the fundamental liberties and rights of a countries citizen is the right of free speech, thought and action. This is the fundamental building block of a democratic society. This research essay outlines the current measures western governments are taking to ensure our safety and the associated costs to civil and human rights.
Aspects of civil law of importance for the psychiatrist as expert witness are those dealing with disability pensions accident insurance, compensation in civil law and rights of the seriously disabled. The legal basis of each is briefly outlined, and some guidelines given for psychiatric court reports. Some outstanding theoretical and practical problems are mentioned. PMID:1579170
Oakland Community Coll., Farmington, MI. Office of Institutional Planning and Analysis.
In 1991, a study was conducted by Oakland Community College (OCC) to evaluate the need for a proposed Civil Engineering Technology program. An initial examination of the literature focused on industry needs and the job market for civil engineering technicians. In order to gather information on local area employers' hiring practices and needs, a…
Vesilind, P. Aarne
Traces the development of the civil engineering code of ethics. Points out that the code does have an enforceable provision that addresses the engineer's responsibility toward the environment. Suggests revisions to the code to accommodate the environmental impacts of civil engineering. (TW)
Aguiar, J. L. Barroso de
The good cooperation established between Universities, Laboratory National of Civil Engineering and private companies made possible the execution of a considerable number of civil engineering works by Portugueses, inside and outside the country. Some good examples are presented in this paper.
Verdera Server, Rafael
Conferencias sobre la codificación civil: aspectos históricos (R. Aznar) y jurídicos (J.M. Badenas)Actividad complementaria de los Departamentos de Historia del Derecho y Derecho Civil.Grado en Derecho
Christophe Portenseigne, Technical Director of Bouygues Travaux Publics, provided explanations on the main challenges of Civil work for the construction of the 3. generation of NPPs. He then provided an overview of the new Civil Work concepts for the 4. generation of NPPs
Ksenia M. Belikova
Full Text Available In the present article authors, by analyzing provisions of the applicable civil and arbitration codes of Russia (hereinafter - the Code of Civil Procedure and the Code of Arbitration Procedure of the Russian Federation justify the relevance of the procedural reform and indicate its future prospects. Considerable attention is paid to the recently adopted Concept of a Code of Civil Procedure of the Russian Federation (hereinafter - the Concept. According to the author's position, now the creation and adoption of a united Code of Civil Procedure is not only relevant, but necessary phenomenon. In connection with this, the subject of analysis of the proposed concept is improved procedure for handling the application for disqualification of a judge, in comparison with the similar provisions of the existing Code of Civil Procedure and of the Code of Arbitration Procedure stand out its advantages. In addition, authors focus on other existing problems of legal regulation of various issues in the current Code of Civil Procedure and of the Code of Arbitration Procedure. Thus, in the view of the author in this article falls consideration of the problems associated with the absentee in civil proceedings, as well as the sole consideration (some provided by the Code of Civil Procedure, and the cases of the Code of Arbitration Procedure appeal against the decision of the trial court. The article also contains a disagreement with the position of the proposed by the concept for the recovery of legal costs for the services of their representatives to the proof in full and invited author's position on this issue. In addition to the analysis of the issues authors also offer some options for their solutions. At the end of the article authors make conclusions regarding the relevance of the Concept, its strengths and weaknesses in the regulation of the studied issues and the prospects of unification of civil and arbitration proceedings in Russia.
A study of the Great Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan civilization, Mayan civilization and other prehistoric civilizations within the framework of a mathematical macro theory of civilizations. We show these isolated and early civilizations conform to the general mathematical theory of civilizations in detail.
Education and training can be considered as fundamental means of professionalising civil protection services. A model of the processes involved is presented and its implications are explored. The fragmentary nature of knowledge and expertise in civil protection is discussed. The traditional structure of scientific endeavour has inhibited the growth of a trans-disciplinary approach well able to solve practical problems in a complex emergency environment. New means of breaking down the barriers between disciplines are required, as are new forms of dialogue between researchers and practitioners. In this context, a template for the standardisation of courses and curricula is presented and evaluated in terms of its positive and negative connotations. The warning process is given as an example of the need to strengthen links between the technical, administrative and social processes at work in civil protection. Sustainable disaster preparedness, a form of resiliency, requires sustained input from the earth science community, but of a kind that is sensitive to the needs, objectives and cultures of the other participants in the process. There is always a need for scientific input into safety and security policy, but one needs to be sure that the policy-making objectives are sound, as scientific results can be used to back up diverse approaches. Hence the moral and ethical aspects of resiliency are fundamentally important to policy formulation and its use of science.
... TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Civil Penalty Calculation Methodology AGENCY: Federal... its civil penalty methodology. Part of this evaluation includes a forthcoming explanation of the Uniform Fine Assessment (UFA) algorithm, which FMCSA currently uses for calculation of civil...
Full Text Available El trastorno esquizoide de la personalidad se presenta como un patrón de desconexión del sujeto de las relaciones sociales y fundamentalmente interpersonales, con un serio déficit de su capacidad de expresión emocional. El presente artículo analiza la delictología asociada a las personas que padecen el citado trastorno y la repercusión que dicha dolencia tiene a la hora de determinar la imputabilidad del acusado. Una vez analizadas las 26 sentencias emitidas por el Tribunal Supremo a partir de la entrada en vigor del Código Penal, se puede observar cómo el padecimiento de un trastorno esquizoide de la personalidad no es considerado con suficiente entidad como para eximir de responsabilidad penal (eximente completa, pero sí para disminuir dicha responsabilidad con la consideración de una eximente incompleta o una atenuante analógica, en función de si además del citado trastorno se dan otro tipo de circunstancias como la embriaguez o el consumo de drogas.
Marina Lostal Becerril
Full Text Available Since the outbreak of the Balkan war, three major events have taken place in what regards the protection of cultural property in armed conflict: the adoption of the Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia which gives this court jurisdiction to try crimes against cultural and religious property; the approval of the Second Protocol to confirm and upgrade the obligations of the "1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict"; and, finally, the "2003 UNESCO Declaration concerning the Intentional Destruction of Cultural Heritage" motivated by the destruction of the Buddhas of Bamiyan in 2001. While the latter two instruments have been exhaustively examined in scholarly literature, no updated study of the ICTY case-law exists yet. In this paper I go through all such cases and underline the following idea: the interpretation of ICTY has given rise to an involution and an evolution vis-à-vis the treaty law for the protection of cultural property in armed conflict; as well as to a doctrinal revolution by linking the destruction of cultural and religious property to the crimes of persecution and genocide. Since the interpretation of the ICTY largely diverges from the treatment afforded to cultural property in treaty law, I conclude that the protection of cultural property in armed conflict has by now a double life: one conventional and one jurisprudential
Márcia Regina Pereira Sapia
Full Text Available Public Information as government informationand publicity of Administrative Acts originatedfrom the government are, each in their owntime, right and duty to be exercised, required,and enforced. For a located examination wesought their occurrences in a taxadministration agency of the State ofRondonia. The TATE - AdministrativeTribunal of State Taxes in the development ofits activities shall observe the principlesgoverning the public administration and at thesame pace enable access to information firstand foremost to taxpayers in the same sense toact with full transparency needed for its civilservice. In this way between duty and respectfor the individual rights to information andprivacy, it is a discussion on the occurrence ofinformation as public and the publicity ofadministrative actions imposed by theConstitution. The present study is justifiedand motivated by the objectives, printed asgeneral and specific, of assessing the extent ofpublic information as opposing to the publicityof administrative acts, considering that both ofthem report facts and events occurred withinthe public administration, specifically the statetax administration agency in analysis. For thedevelopment of the proposed analysis, thisresearch will be exploratory and the data willbe obtained through a bibliographic anddocumentary survey in bibliographic sources:scientific papers, books and laws, as well asdocumentary sources such as officialdocuments and manuscripts that regulate anddiscuss the public information and thepublicity of acts emanating from the publicadministration, supplemented by theapplication of a questionnaire.
The importance of preventing nuclear terrorism is so great that it is easy to believe that the usual concern with civil liberties must take a back seat. But it is precisely when emergencies are invoked that the authors must not forget the importance of freedoms. Emergency powers are easily abused, and, even in the absence of abuse, mistakes can be made. It is hard to understand why they care about civil liberties if every suspect is guilty, every wiretap is necessary, and every search is justified. But sometimes suspects are innocent, wiretaps are used for political ends, and searches disrupt lives to no end. Civil liberties do not exist in a vacuum. If society is destroyed, civil liberties are likely to be destroyed as well. Virtually every legal doctrine this study addresses involves a recognition that individual rights must be balanced against valid social needs. The civil liberties focus on here fall under the general headings of freedom of speech and association, privacy, due process rights for suspects, and freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures. One essential point applied to all these areas: although a counterterrorist activity is legal, that does not mean the activity has no impact on civil liberties. It may be legal, for example, to have a massive federal police force that provides hundreds of guards for every shipment of plutonium. Even so, that procedure still raises civil liberties concerns, since many Americans would feel less free in a society of that type
Full Text Available In this paper we are trying to offer those practicing law a theoretical and practical approach of some dispositions in Law 202/ October 25, 2010 regarding some measures to accelerate the adjudication of matters, known as the Law on the Small Justice Reform, that amended and completed the Code of Civil Procedure. The law on accelerating justice was adopted only three months and 11 days after the New Code of Civil procedure was published. This law is important due to the content of some dispositions regarding certain institutions of civil procedural law, that have the role intended by the Romanian legislator, to accelerate the determination of matters, institutions that are not found in the New Code. The reform (change in the Romanian civil trials took into consideration the respect of some principles such as the access to justice, equality of the parties in civil lawsuits, the right to due and fair trial as well as the fact that any reform has to guarantee that the judicial system is efficient, answers the necessity of transparency and democracy. Still, the application of the new dispositions of civil procedure, beginning with Law no. 59/1993 and until the coming into force of law on accelerating the determination of matters, namely the past 17 years, the amendments brought to the Code of Civil procedure have not always been beneficial for the Romanian litigant by the fact that they determined different interpretations leading thus to a non unitary judicial practice even within the same institution. The present law is not safe either from critics that some theoreticians and practitioners of law have expressed, being interested in accomplishing the purpose the Romanian legislator has set in that law. In this paper, the authors aim at analyzing the impact of the abovementioned law, regarding the material competence of the tribunal in trials and the requests regarding claims with the object of payment up to 2000 lei; adjudicating the objection to
Are there other technical civilizations in the galaxy? Past analyses come to different conclusions. Cocconi and Morrison demonstrated in 1959 that interstellar radio communication was possible and Drake conducted the first search for beacons in 1960. The Drake equation estimates the number of galactic civilizations that are transmitting beacons as the product of the rate of star formation in the galaxy, the fraction of stars with planets, their average number of earthlike planets, the fraction with intelligent life and interstellar communication, and the average lifetime of a technical civilization. The Drake model of the galaxy contains many technical civilizations with communication but no interstellar travel. Michael Hart in 1975 strongly challenged this model. Starting with the fact that no extraterrestrials have been observed on Earth, and assuming that interstellar colonization is possible, he concluded that it was very likely that we are the first civilization in our galaxy and that searching or beacons is probably a waste of time and money. The Fermi paradox similarly reasons that if extraterrestrials exist: they should be here, and asks, Where are they? The Hart/Fermi model of the galaxy contains only our civilization and suggests we may colonize the galaxy. A third galactic model is that we are alone but will never develop interstellar travel. The fourth alternate model has many technical civilizations, with interstellar travel and colonization. The possibilities are clear and momentous. Either we are the only technical civilization in the galaxy or there are others. Technical civilizations will colonize the galaxy or not. We have four cosmic conjectures - one or many, colonization or not - but however unlikely they seem based on our limited evidence, one of these four models must be collect.
... either the Office of Inspector General (OIG) or CMS (See the October 20, 1994 (58 FR 52967) notice titled...; Medicare Secondary Payer and Certain Civil Money Penalties AGENCY: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services... rulemaking (ANPRM) solicits public comment on specific practices for which civil money penalties (CMPs)...
... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil money penalties: Notice of penalty. 488.434 Section 488.434 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... Enforcement of Compliance for Long-Term Care Facilities with Deficiencies § 488.434 Civil money...
... money penalties. 422.752 Section 422.752 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... Sanctions § 422.752 Basis for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) All... sanctions at 422.750(a)(1) and (a)(3). (c) Civil Money Penalties. (1) CMS. In addition to, or in place...
... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil money penalties: Settlement of penalties. 488.444 Section 488.444 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND... Enforcement of Compliance for Long-Term Care Facilities with Deficiencies § 488.444 Civil money...
... civil money penalties. 422.756 Section 422.756 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... Sanctions § 422.756 Procedures for imposing intermediate sanctions and civil money penalties. (a) Notice of... money penalties—(1) CMS notice to OIG. If CMS determines that an MA organization has failed to...
International Association of Fire Chiefs, New York, NY.
A manual intended to help fire departments and Civil Defense organizations train people to support regular fire forces during a national emergency is presented. It contains 11 chapters: Introduction, Modern Weapons and Radioactive Fallout, Role of Fire Service in Civil Defense, Local Fire Department Organization, Role of Support Assistants in…
Foreword B150 –Civil Engineering Futures consists of interviews made, articles written, and projects presented in connection with the 150th anniversary celebrations of the study of civil engineering in Denmark. Instead of a historical retrospect, it was decided to look into the future. What...... related to sustainability – a Workshop on Traffic. The workshop discussed traffic prognoses and the way they are used in the preparation of urban transport and traffic strategies. Civil engineer Jonas Eliasson spoke about the experience in Sweden of developing a database for traffic prognoses. The main...
Maldonado, A.; Garnier, J.; Kovarik, K.; BUJNAK, J
Le LCPC (F) et l'Université de ILINA(SK) managent les projets TREE (Transport Research for Equipment in Europe) et INTRANSNET (Network of European Medium and Large Scale Research Facilities Operators). Ces réseaux regroupent les équipes en charge des grands équipements de recherche du génie civil et des transports. Elles portent une attention particulière à la mesure, au lois de comportement des matériaux, et à l'étude des risques en géotechnique. The LCPC (F) and the University of ILINA(S...
Georgia Univ., Athens. Dept. of Vocational Education.
This publication contains statewide standards for the civil engineering program in Georgia. The standards are divided into 12 categories: foundations (philosophy, purpose, goals, program objectives, availability, evaluation); admissions (admission requirements, provisional admission requirements, recruitment, evaluation and planning); program…
Sharp, J. J.; Moore, E.
This paper outlines a technique for teaching a rigorous course in calculus and differential equations which stresses applicability of the mathematics to problems in civil engineering. The method involves integration of subject matter and team teaching. (SD)
The paper treats the management of the realization of civil engineering projects or civil engineering buildings construction management, as a complex dynamic process, which entails a large number of strategic and operative decisions which are important for an efficient, cost effective, and economic construction. The management process execution is not possible without the functions such as planning, organizing, coordination and control. Planning as the initial function, important for the fore...
The civil liability theory in the actual context is shown in the first and second part of this thesis, including some considerations about concepts and types of liability in dangerous and not dangerous activities. In the third part, the legal aspects of civil liability for the nuclear activities are analyzed, with a brief description of the history evolution, standard systems, inspection corporation and juridical regulation. (C.G.C.). 239 refs
Bowen Glenn A.
Civil society organizations (CSOs) in Caribbean countries have performed social service delivery and program implementation roles for many years. Using survey, interview, and document review techniques, this cross-national study explored the potential role of nonprofit, nongovernmental, and community-based organizations in regional integration and development. The study has found that Caribbean CSOs perform functions primarily in four areas – social services, community building, local economi...
DEROBERT, Xavier; Abraham, Odile; Wiggenhauser, H.
This special issue of the Journal of Infrastructure Systems aims to provide an overview on advances of advanced Non Destructive Testing applied to civil engineering structures. Indeed we are at a stage where a substantial part of the infrastructure is entering a critical age. Dams, bridges, tunnels, pavements, nuclear power plants, etc. require sustainable maintenance to qualify for extension of their service life in good condition and safely with appropriate service level. NDT methods hav...
This article reports on an examination of the communication needs of a group of Thai civil engineering students. Twenty-five stakeholders helped identify the communication needs of the students by participating in individual interviews. These included employers, civil engineers, civil engineering lecturers, ex-civil engineering students of the…
... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil judgment. 3017.920 Section 3017.920 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 3017.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of competent jurisdiction,...
... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil judgment. 19.920 Section 19.920... SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 19.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of competent jurisdiction, whether by verdict, decision,...
... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil penalties. 903.845 Section 903.845... PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE ARIZONA § 903.845 Civil penalties. Part 845 of this chapter, Civil Penalties, applies to the assessment of civil penalties for...
... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil judgment. 1471.920 Section 1471.920 Labor Regulations... SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1471.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of competent jurisdiction, whether by verdict, decision,...
... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Civil judgment. 98.920 Section 98.920 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 98.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of competent...
Sadeh, Willy Z.; Criswell, Marvin E.
Space Civil Engineering is an emerging engineering discipline that focuses on extending and expanding the Civil Engineering know-how and practice to the development and maintenance of infrastructure on celestial bodies. Space Civil Engineering is presently being developed as a new discipline within the Department of Civil Engineering at Colorado State University under a recently established NASA Space Grant College Program. Academic programs geared toward creating Space Civil Engineering Options at both undergraduate and graduate levels are being formulated. Basic ideas and concepts of the curriculum in the Space Civil Engineering Option at both undergraduate and graduate levels are presented. The role of Space Civil Engineering in the Space Program is discussed.
Ángel de PRADO MOURA
Full Text Available RESUMEN: El tribunal inquisitorial de Valladolid, al igual que el resto de los tribunales que formaban el Santo Oficio español, mostró durante el siglo XVIII una especial preocupación por el control de las ideas, particularmente aquellas que quedaban reflejadas en obras manuscritas e impresas. Los inquisidores vallisoletanos se esforzaron para evitar que en su distrito penetraran las obras que tanto éxito estaban teniendo fuera de nuestras fronteras, pero la existencia de una fuerte demanda, probablemente por ubicarse en él las universidades de Valladolid y Salamanca, hizo que la censura no fuera tan eficaz como ellos hubieran querido. Tal como queda reflejado en este artículo, no se impidió, pero sí se dificultó la difusión de libros total o parcialmente prohibidos.ABSTRACT: The Tribunal of the Inquisition of Valladolid —similarly to the rest of the tribunals of the Spanish Holy Office— showed a special concern for the control of ideas, mostly those ideas expressed in manuscript and printed works. The Inquisitors of Valladolid took pains to avoid the entrance of texts that were succesful abroad, but the existence of an important demand —probably due to the foundation of the Universities of Valladolid and Salamanca— decreased the efficiency of the censorship they wanted to impose. This paper intends to show that the reading and commerce of completely or partially forbidden books was not prevented, but it was certainly hindered.
Maddalon, Jeffrey M.; Hayhurst, Kelly J.; Koppen, Daniel M.; Upchurch, Jason M.; Morris, A. Terry; Verstynen, Harry A.
The use of unmanned aircraft in the National Airspace System (NAS) has been characterized as the next great step forward in the evolution of civil aviation. Although use of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) in military and public service operations is proliferating, civil use of UAS remains limited in the United States today. This report focuses on one particular regulatory challenge: classifying UAS to assign airworthiness standards. This paper provides observations related to how the current regulations for classifying manned aircraft could apply to UAS.
Fernando Rey Martínez
1. La emergencia y centralidad del problema relativo al lugar constitucional de la homosexualidad 2. La homosexualidad en el derecho europeo 2.1 La homosexualidad ante el tribunal europeo de derechos humanos 2.2 La homosexualidad en el ordenamiento jurídico comunitario 3. ¿Está protegida la homosexualidad por la Constitución? 3.1 Homosexualidad, intimidad y libertad 3.2 Homosexualidad e igualdad 4. El contenido de la prohibición de discriminación por razón de orientación sexual. El problema d...
BOTIFORA RAMIREZ, MARIA JESUS
El trabajo que se presenta quiere centrarse en la labor desempeñada por el Tribunal Constitucional, especialmente en la figura del recurso de amparo. Para ello, necesariamente se dedica un capítulo del mismo a describir la evolución del Poder Judicial, pues no podemos obviar que, en este sistema estructural de carácter horizontal, los engranajes están completamente interrelacionados. Se trata, por tanto, de analizar fundamentalmente las competencias que, a pesar de ser compartidas con la juri...
Humberto Nogueira Alcalá
Full Text Available En el presente artículo se realiza el análisis de los jueces nacionales como jueces de control de convencionalidad y sus fundamentos jurídicos, como asimismo el tipo posible de diálogo entre las jurisdicciones nacionales con la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos y las modalidades en que se puede concretar dicho diálogo por parte de las judicaturas nacionales, concluyendo con un análisis del uso de la jurisprudencia de la CIDH por parte de las sentencias del Tribunal Constitucional chileno.
Castán Esteban, José L.
A lo largo de la época foral moderna, los pastores de las Comunidades de Teruel y Albarracín descendieron todos los años a los pastos litorales valencianos, amparados por importantes franquicias que les liberaban del pago de impuestos, multas y confiscaciones por los daños ocasionados por el ganado. En este artículo analizamos tanto los privilegios de los trashumantes, como la aplicación de los mismos durante los siglos XVI y XVII a través de los procesos judiciales iniciados ante el tribunal...
Santiago BASABE SERRANO
RESUMEN: El estudio del comportamiento, dinámicas e interacciones de los jueces es un campo de la Ciencia Política que, a pesar de su fertilidad, ha sido analizado residualmente en América Latina. Frente a ello, este trabajo propone un modelo formal sobre el comportamiento de los vocales del Tribunal Constitucional de Ecuador (TC) a través del que se argumenta que las preferencias políticas de los jueces influyen en la dirección que asumen sus votos. Analizado en un amplio período de activida...
Ani MATEI; Popa, Florin
Preventing corruption and improving the public service management are the main goals of the promotion of ethical standards for the civil servants. Several governments have revised their policies regarding the ethical conduct in the public service, implying both the corruption issue and the decline of trust in the public administration. In Dwight Waldo’s theory, the civil servants must take into account twelve obligations before: Constitution, law, the nation and the country, democracy...
Andrés Sáenz de Santa María, Paz
La repercusión de las consecuencias económicas de las sentencias dictadas por el Tribunal de Justicia de la Unión Europea al amparo del artículo 260 del Tratado de Funcionamiento de la Unión Europea sobre los responsables materiales del incumplimiento presenta especial interés en el caso de los Estados compuestos. En España, aunque el Tribunal Constitucional avaló tempranamente el principio de la repercusión sobre las Comunidades Autónomas, durante tiempo la regulación del tema se confió a cl...
... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Service of complaint. 185.108 Section 185.108 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.108 Service of complaint. (a) Service of a complaint must be made by certified...
Full Text Available Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science, involved in the research, design, and application of intelligent computer. Traditional methods for modeling and optimizing complex structure systems require huge amounts of computing resources, and artificial-intelligence-based solutions can often provide valuable alternatives for efficiently solving problems in the civil engineering. This paper summarizes recently developed methods and theories in the developing direction for applications of artificial intelligence in civil engineering, including evolutionary computation, neural networks, fuzzy systems, expert system, reasoning, classification, and learning, as well as others like chaos theory, cuckoo search, firefly algorithm, knowledge-based engineering, and simulated annealing. The main research trends are also pointed out in the end. The paper provides an overview of the advances of artificial intelligence applied in civil engineering.
Civil works of PFBR has posed numerous design and construction challenges. Eight safety related nuclear buildings of PFBR are founded on a single raft, first of its kind in Indian nuclear Reactors. Construction of eight interconnected buildings on the common raft has been challenge for construction material transportation. Thus Herculean task, require storage of massive quantities of raw materials and ice. The civil construction scope in PFBR expanded to critical steel fabricated structures integrated with civil works. This includes huge embedment erected to very close tolerances. Large size panels for upper lateral, lower lateral and bottom shields were to be fabricated to intricate contours with tight tolerances and were required to be transported to locations from far off distances; this was well accomplished without loss of tolerances of fabricated structures. Novel construction practices and stringent quality control procedures were implemented to accomplish this critical requirement. Integration of cooling coils inside the safety vessel flanges after completing the reactor vault and safety vessel erection, required special contour bending for numerous reinforcement and development of special construction methodology. The neutron detector box integration with bottom shield was also a construction challenge posed and well addressed by site. Many mock ups were to be carried out for demonstrating the construction procedures and methodology for critical construction activities. Maintaining the stringent requirements such as clean room conditions was a major challenge and was met effectively. Equipment erection in parallel to civil works too required innovative solutions for clean condition maintenance while civil works are in progress. it can be said that the civil construction of PFBR has emerged as a marvel of technology handled professionally by competent engineers deploying scientific construction techniques and stringent quality control procedures. (author)
This study explores the influence of transformational leadership and public service motivation ( PSM) on the work attitude of civil servants , by analyzing responses from a group of 425 policemen in Beijing .Organizational citizenship behavior , organizational commitment and job satisfaction are selected to reflect the work attitude of civil servants , and results show that transformational leadership is positively related to organizational citizenship behavior , organizational commitment and job satisfaction .Also, PSM is positively related to organizational citizenship behavior , organizational commitment and job satisfaction . Meanwhile , PSM partially mediates the relationship between transformational leadership and organization-al citizenship behavior , job satisfaction and organizational commitment .These findings should theoretical-ly enrich the empirical research of PSM in China , and help managers of public sectors make the right de-cision in the practice of human resources management , such as choosing leadership style , fostering civil servants ’ public service motivation and motivating organizational citizenship behavior .%通过对北京市的425名警察进行实地抽样问卷调查，来探索变革型领导风格与公共服务动机对公务员工作态度的影响。研究选取组织公民行为、组织承诺和工作满意度来反映公务员的工作态度，结果发现变革型领导和组织公民行为、组织承诺和工作满意度正相关，公共服务动机和组织公民行为、工作满意度、组织承诺正相关。同时，公共服务动机在变革型领导与组织公民行为、工作满意度和组织承诺间发挥着部分中介作用。上述发现从理论上丰富了我国公共服务动机的实证研究，并且对公共部门人力资源管理中领导风格的选择、公务员公共服务动机的提升和组织公民行为的激发具有指导意义。
José Fernández Santillán
Este documento aborda el tema de la democracia desde una perspectiva opuesta al llamado neoinstitucionalismo; es decir, se orienta a analizar los procesos de democratización desde la base de la sociedad civil y, en es pe cial, desde lo que se conoce como el cap i tal so cial. Desde mediados de la década de 1980, el tema de la democracia desde la perspectiva de la sociedad civil fue cobrando cada vez mayor relevancia. Esta tendencia se vio reforzada por la caída del Muro de Berlín el 9 de nov...
France and the USA wish to cooperate in order to promote an international regime of civil liability in order to give a fair compensation to victims of nuclear accidents as it is recommended by IAEA. On the other hand the European Commission has launched a consultation to see the necessity or not to harmonize all the civil liability regimes valid throughout Europe. According to the Commission the potential victims of nuclear accidents would not receive equal treatment at the European scale in terms of insurance cover and compensation which might distort competition in the nuclear sector. (A.C.)
Nicole Brigitte Maier
Full Text Available
This article delivers insight into the purposes and intentions of committing rape within wartimes, its victims, its perpetrators, and, finally, under which circumstances the crime of rape is punishable as a crime against humanity.
In the first part a definition on crime of rape is given, in this regard relevant literature and case law of both the Yugoslavia Tribunal and the Tribunal of Rwanda will be referred to. On the topics of victims, perpetrators and purposes related literature in the field of psychology, criminology and medical science will be taken into consideration. The discussion on the link between rape and the crime against humanity will focus on relevant cases, judgments and reports, largely of the ICC, the ICTY and the ICTR.
Martin Cabrera Mirassou
Full Text Available El proceso de diversificación de la jurisdicción internacional se caracteriza por la multiplicación de los tribunales internacionales, los cuales tienen competencia sobre todas las áreas de las relaciones internacionales. Cada organismo judicial es investido de determinadas funciones, que le permitan cumplir con sus metas. En dicho contexto, el Tribunal Internacional del Derecho del Mar fue una de las instituciones creadas para administrar el régimen de los océanos. A través de su función consultiva, se encuentra facultado para expedirse respecto a los diversos aspectos del régimen, entre ellos: los derechos y obligaciones de los Estados, la protección del medio marino, la explotación de los fondos marinos, los recursos marinos y la actividad pesquera. En el presente artículo nos proponemos abordar los alcances de la competencia consultiva del Tribunal desde esta perspectiva, a fin de determinar los aportes de esta institución jurisdiccional a la administración y protección de del régimen de los océanos.
Larissa Nunes Cavalheiro
Full Text Available No atual contexto mundial, verificam-se conflitos que transgridem Direitos Humanos, originados de diversos motivos, desde questões de credo religioso até o terrorismo. Independente das motivações, a maior vítima acaba sendo o próprio homem, que tem seus direitos extirpados. Da preocupação em estabelecer uma justiça criminal, surge o Tribunal Penal Internacional (TPI, trazendo per se a função de realizar julgamentos justos e imparciais. A sua existência se configura em um importante marco para que se possa efetivar a proteção dos Direitos do Homem em âmbito mundial, pois visa punir aqueles que cometem os crimes previstos no Estatuto de Roma. O presente trabalho visa explanar acerca dos aspectos mais importantes do referido Tribunal, iniciando pelos seus antecedentes e chegando à sua criação. Passado esse momento, argumenta-se no sentido do seu caráter protecionista dos Direitos Humanos
Awofadeju P. O.
Full Text Available The study aims at determining the coverage of the violence by two newspapers (Nigerian Tribune and Punch in the 2011 Osun State General Election by adopting content analysis as its research design. Theories adopted in carrying out this study are agenda setting, two step flow and multi-step flow. This study reveals that the newspapers in this study were not very effective in publishing the news concerning this brutal electoral violence within the period of four weeks under review. It also reveals that the Nigerian Tribune newspaper covered more stories on electoral violence than Punch newspaper and that the coverage of the two newspapers focused more on violence reportage than the effects of violence on the electorates. The coverage of the two newspapers on the major actors in the news also shows that ‘Politicians’ and Political parties’ played greater role in the news than others. The coverage of the two newspapers on victims of the violence shows that ‘Electorates’ and ‘Press’ were most affected victims than others. It therefore concludes that the two newspapers content analyzed were not proactive enough in their responsibility of providing timely information to the general public regarding the electoral violence, thereby leaving people in the dark.
Javier Couso Salas
Full Text Available En este trabajo, luego de pasar revista a los orígenes y características de la reforma jurisdiccional del año 2005, en particular, la nueva fisonomía que se dio a la acción de inaplicabilidad, se analizan algunos problemas de diseño constitucional referidos a la relación entre esta última y la acción de inconstitucionalidad. Una vez completada dicha tarea, se analizan un conjunto de sentencias paradigmáticas del Tribunal Constitucional que sugieren que éste tiene aún mucho que avanzar en el desarrollo de una concepción afinada de la naturaleza jurídica de la acción de inaplicabilidad y sus diferencias con la acción de inconstitucionalidad. Esto último representa una tarea urgente, no sólo porque el desarrollo coherente del texto constitucional es uno de los objetivos más básicos de la justicia constitucional, sino que también por la centralidad que ha adquirido la acción de inaplicabilidad en la labor jurisdiccional del Tribunal Constitucional.
Ibitoye, M. O.
Full Text Available It is quite intriguing that fifty-two years after Nigeria attained her nominal independence from her colonial masters and twelve years into her democratic dispensation following a protracted and most challenging struggle against a rapacious military hegemony, the dividends of good governance have largely eluded the majority who wallow in abject poverty in the midst of abundant resources. Thus, the current democratic experiment appears to be fraught with similar imperfections that plagued the past democratic attempts thereby making transformation a myth rather than reality in Nigeria. The dire need to institutionalize the culture of good governance in Nigeria so as to improve the quality of life of the Nigerian people informs the position of this study. Hence, civil society has been adopted as a veritable tool for achieving good governance. This paper, therefore, attempts to carry out a thorough exposition of civil society organization vis- a- vis its transformatory role as an arbiter to redeem the Nigeria society from imminent total collapse as the country is yet to arrive at the ultimate destination of democracy as the government of the people, duly elected by the people, in the service of the people.
Criswell, Marvin E.; Sadeh, Willy Z.
Space Civil Engineering is an emerging engineering discipline that focuses on extending and expanding Civil Engineering to the development, operation, and maintenance of infrastructures on celestial bodies. Space Civil Engineering is presently being developed as a new discipline within the Department of Civil Engineering at Colorado State University and with support of the NASA Space Grant College Program. Academic programs geared toward creating Space Civil Engineering Options at both undergraduate and graduate levels are being formulated. Basic ideas and concepts and the current status of the curriculum in the Space Civil Engineering Option primarily at the undergraduate level are presented.
Bock, R W
The term "quality assurance" primarily concerns the provisions of professional regulations and law relating to health service physicians. It would be too sweeping to regard liability or criminal law as normative parameters for guaranteeing quality assurance in the narrower sense. Nevertheless, along with expert opinions sought within the context of relevant lawsuits, court rulings under civil law and criminal law in effect constitute an indirect form of "quality control". As a consequence, many court decisions act as a standard for the future. Civil law is concerned with determining whether the patient has received the quality of medical service to which he is entitled; for all intents and purposes, the same applies to the judgement of medical treatment under criminal law, whereby all cases, whether civil or criminal, concern diagnostic and therapeutic practice in specific treatment situations, the organisation of treatment and the provision of information. With regard to these areas, a contribution can therefore be made to quality assurance by observing pertinent civil and criminal judicature. PMID:9916281
RFS or Regles Fondamentales de Surete (Basic Safety Rules) applicable to certain types of nuclear facilities lay down requirements with which compliance, for the type of facilities and within the scope of application covered by the RFS, is considered to be equivalent to compliance with technical French regulatory practice. The object of the RFS is to take advantage of standardization in the field of safety, while allowing for technical progress in that field. They are designed to enable the operating utility and contractors to know the rules pertaining to various subjects which are considered to be acceptable by the Service Central de Surete des Installations Nucleaires, or the SCSIN (Central Department for the Safety of Nuclear Facilities). These RFS should make safety analysis easier and lead to better understanding between experts and individuals concerned with the problems of nuclear safety. The SCSIN reserves the right to modify, when considered necessary, any RFS and specify, if need be, the terms under which a modification is deemed retroactive. This rule defines: - the parameters characterizing the design seismic motions - the calculation methods - the mathematical schematization principles on which calculations are based - the use of the seismic response for the structure checking - the content of the documents to be presented
Full Text Available Il contributo, sottoposto a valutazione, riproduce il testo dell’intervento nel dibattito a due voci (con il presidente della Corte costituzionale, Gaetano Silvestri a conclusione del convegno “La Bibbia sulle strade dell’uomo” (Messina, 23 novembre 2013, ed è destinato alla pubblicazione negli Atti.SOMMARIO: 1. L’etica civile come etica costituzionale – 2. L’etica evangelica – 3. Irriducibilità? – 4. La promessa e il terzo – 5. La libertà – 6. Il tratto di cammino insieme. Civil Ethic and Evangelical Beatitudes ABSTRACT The differences between civil ethic and religious ethic, that the Author defines as constitutional principles and evangelic Beatitudes, are well known: it’s common knowledge that the ones are effective in the earthly life while the others are oriented to the eternal life. Nevertheless the Author argues that they both have a common feature before that last analysis: they cross as principles of continuing opposition to unjust society, to “unlawful law”, to spreading apart between the constitutional and evangelic must be and the legislative being of positive law.KEY-WORDS: Civil Ethic – Constitution – Evangelical Beatitudes – Differences - Common Feature.
Loewen, James W.
William Faulkner famously wrote, "The past is never dead. It's not even past." He would not be surprised to learn that Americans, 150 years after the Civil War began, are still getting it wrong. Did America's most divisive war start over slavery or states' rights? The author says that too many people--including educators--get it wrong. The author…
Georgia Univ., Athens. Dept. of Vocational Education.
This program guide presents civil engineering technology curriculum for technical institutes in Georgia. The general information section contains the following: purpose and objectives; program description, including admissions, typical job titles, and accreditation and certification; and curriculum model, including standard curriculum sequence and…
Government programs and renewed industrial activity have combined with stable enrollments to create bright job prospects for civil engineers. Areas with good opportunities include highway reconstruction and rehabilitation, water-resource management, and new factory construction. The subspecialty of structural engineering has a growing need in…
Robelen, Erik W.
Today, a growing number of teachers are moving beyond the textbook in teaching about the war, and U.S. history more broadly. Teachers are digging directly into primary sources and harnessing technology, all in an attempt to help students better understand the past and bring it to life. Doing so may be especially important with the Civil War,…
A convention on the complementary repair of nuclear damages comes and superposes on the Convention of Paris and the Convention of Vienna or national autonomous conventions of nuclear civil liability. In case of accident, a fund would be created to compete the first level of indemnification beyond the contribution of the government. (N.C.)
During the past several decades, off campus and on, much of the discourse on controversial issues has been personal, vicious, and divisive. On the national scene, politics has become permeated with incivility. It now appears that Americans have been naive about their ability and willingness to engage in civil discourse and compromise. How can…
For the first time at CERN, new shafts and caverns will be excavated inside a surface building. The LHC civil engineering construction for the ATLAS experiment has been designed such that the experimental hall will be completed to the extent that it can provide a secure, weatherproof and sound insulated covering to the shaft excavation area. The construction of the two access shafts and the experimental cavern will follow and will be carried out inside the building. This unconventional method of working allows the excavation of the Molasse rock in the dry, which is essential for this type of rock, and ensures reduced environmental pollution by noise and dust. The paper will present the technical infrastructure required for this particular construction method, explain its advantages and disadvantages, and compare it with a conventional method of underground excavations to be used on the same work site for the construction of the service cavern.
Koch, Christian; Georgieva, Kristina; Kasireddy, Varun; Akinci, Burcu; Fieguth, Paul
To ensure the safety and the serviceability of civil infrastructure it is essential to visually inspect and assess its physical and functional condition. This review paper presents the current state of practice of assessing the visual condition of vertical and horizontal civil infrastructure; in particular of reinforced concrete bridges, precast concrete tunnels, underground concrete pipes, and asphalt pavements. Since the rate of creation and deployment of computer vision methods for civil e...
van der Vink, G.; Plancherel, Y.; Hennet, C.; Jones, K. D.; Abdullah, A.; Bradshaw, J.; Dee, S.; Deprez, A.; Pasenello, M.; Plaza-Jennings, E.; Roseman, D.; Sopher, P.; Sung, E.
The manifestations of climate change can result in humanitarian impacts that reverse progress in poverty- reduction, create shortages of food and resources, lead to migration, and ultimately result in civil violence and conflict. Within the continent of Africa, we have found that environmentally-related variables are either the cause or the confounding factor for over 80% of the civil violence events during the last 10 years. Using predictive climate models and land-use data, we are able to identify populations in Africa that are likely to experience the most severe climate-related shocks. Through geospatial analysis, we are able to overlay these areas of high risk with assessments of both the local population's resiliency and the region's capacity to respond to climate shocks should they occur. The net result of the analysis is the identification of locations that are becoming particularly vulnerable to future civil violence events (vulnerability hotspots) as a result of the manifestations of climate change. For each population group, over 600 social, economic, political, and environmental indicators are integrated statistically to measures the vulnerability of African populations to environmental change. The indicator time-series are filtered for data availability and redundancy, broadly ordered into four categories (social, political, economic and environmental), standardized and normalized. Within each category, the dominant modes of variability are isolated by principal component analysis and the loadings of each component for each variable are used to devise composite index scores. Comparisons of past vulnerability with known environmentally-related conflicts demonstrates the role that such vulnerability hotspot maps can play in evaluating both the potential for, and the significance of, environmentally-related civil violence events. Furthermore, the analysis reveals the major variables that are responsible for the population's vulnerability and therefore
Testimony by Susanne H. Howard, Associate Under Secretary for Economic Affairs, before the Subcommittee on Census and Population, Committee on Post Office and Civil Service, U.S. House of Representatives (Anaheim, California, August 8, 1990).
Howard, Susanne H.
Promotion, outreach, and data production efforts related to the 1990 decennial census conducted by the U.S. Department of Commerce are discussed. Promotional efforts, which particularly targeted minority groups, included multilingual mass media advertisements, public service announcements, press releases, school and church components, and…
Leskov, L. V.
The problem of finding extraterrestrial civilizations and establishing contact with them is directly related to the problem of their evolution. Possible patterns in this evolution and the stages in the evolution of extraterrestrial civilizations are examined.
Bilbao Ubillos, Juan María
Este trabajo analiza la jurisprudencia del Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos relativa a la negación del Holocausto, a través de los casos relativos a Alemania, Austria y Francia. Asimismo, el trabajo aborda la difícil justificación de tipos penales contrarios a la libertad de expresión.
Coy, John J.
This paper presents cost analysis of purchase price and DOC+I (direct operating cost plus interest) that supports NASA s study of three advanced rotorcraft concepts that could enter commercial transport service within 10 to 15 years. The components of DOC+I are maintenance, flight crew, fuel, depreciation, insurance, and finance. The cost analysis aims at VTOL (vertical takeoff and landing) and CTOL (conventional takeoff and landing) aircraft suitable for regional transport service. The resulting spreadsheet-implemented cost models are semi-empirical and based on Department of Transportation and Army data from actual operations of such aircraft. This paper describes a rationale for selecting cost tech factors without which VTOL is more costly than CTOL by a factor of 10 for maintenance cost and a factor of two for purchase price. The three VTOL designs selected for cost comparisons meet the mission requirement to fly 1,200 nautical miles at 350 knots and 30,000 ft carrying 120 passengers. The lowest cost VTOL design is a large civil tilt rotor (LCTR) aircraft. With cost tech factors applied, the LCTR is reasonably competitive with the Boeing 737-700 when operated in economy regional service following the business model of the selected baseline operation, that of Southwest Airlines.
Hugh Collins argues that the European Union should develop a civil code to provide uniform rules for contracts, property rights and protection against civil wrongs, thus drawing together the differing national traditions with respect to the detailed regulation of civil society. The benefits of such a code would lie not so much in facilitating cross border trade, but in establishing foundations for a denser network of transnational relations of civil society, which in turn would help to overco...
Brownlee, Kimberley; Professor Joseph Raz; Dr John Tasioulas
This dissertation examines the moral character of civil disobedience. The discussion begins with a conceptual analysis of civil disobedience which eschews standard definitions in favour of a paradigm case approach, highlighting a parallel between the communicative aspects of civil disobedience and the communicative aspects of lawful punishment by the state. Foundations for a moral evaluation of civil disobedience are then laid down through, first, an examination of the nature ...
Anheier, Helmut K.; Kaldor, Mary; Glasius, Marlies
The annual Global Civil Society Yearbooks provide an indispensable guide to global civil society or civic participation and action around the world. Each yearbook includes commissioned contributions from leading commentators across the social sciences on the latest issues and developments. Each yearbook also explores and presents the latest approaches to measuring and analyzing global civil society and provides a chronology of key global civil society events in the year. The 2005/6 Yearbo...
Kats, Josef, 1977-
Ilmunud ka: Narvskaja Gazeta, 27. mai 2004, lk. 8. Eesti peaministri, Res Publica esimehe Juhan Partsi ja Läti ekspeaministri, partei Uus Aeg juhi Einars Repshe ühisavaldusest Euroopa Parlamendile, milles nõudsid kommunismi kuritegelikuks kuulutamist ning Venemaalt okupatsiooniaegsete kuritegude avalikku tunnistamist. Poliitikute kohtumisest Valgas
Full Text Available This text discusses some aspects of the contemporary crisis of the subject of rights and the way Brazilian television changes it into grotesque shows as well as the transformation of the emotional environment in squares and popular fairs into media shows. It also discusses how broadcast TV produces a particular serniosis out of material and psychological problems pertaining to urban lower classes.
techniques are available for civil engineering modal analysis. The testing of civil structures defers from the traditional modal testing in the sense, that very often it is difficult, or sometimes impossible, to artificially excite a large civil engineering structure. Also, many times, even though an...
Office for Civil Rights, US Department of Education, 2012
Since 1968, the Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC) has collected data on key education and civil rights issues in our nation's public schools for use by the Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR), other Department offices, other federal agencies, and by policymakers and researchers outside of the Department. The CRDC has…
... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil action. 303.424 Section 303.424 Education... Civil action. Any party aggrieved by the findings and decision regarding an administrative complaint has the right to bring a civil action in State or Federal court under section 639(a)(1) of the...
... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil penalty. 218.9 Section 218.9 Transportation... TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD OPERATING PRACTICES General § 218.9 Civil penalty. Any person (an entity of any type... requirement of this part or causes the violation of any such requirement is subject to a civil penalty of...
... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 3560.2 Section 3560.2 Agriculture... DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General Provisions and Definitions § 3560.2 Civil rights. (a... prohibition under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. 2000d and Title VI regulations...
... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil action. 300.516 Section 300.516 Education... DISABILITIES Procedural Safeguards Due Process Procedures for Parents and Children § 300.516 Civil action. (a... aggrieved by the findings and decision under § 300.514(b), has the right to bring a civil action...
... Discrimination Act of 1975 (42 U.S.C. 6101 et seq.), and the NASA implementing regulations (14 CFR parts 1250... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 1274.924 Section 1274.924... FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.924 Civil rights. Civil Rights July 2002 Work...
... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil penalty. 103.57 Section 103.57... REPORTING OF CURRENCY AND FOREIGN TRANSACTIONS General Provisions § 103.57 Civil penalty. (a) For any... willfully participates in the violation, a civil penalty not to exceed $1,000. (b) For any willful...
... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil actions. 310.46 Section 310.46 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) PRIVACY PROGRAM DOD PRIVACY PROGRAM Privacy Act Violations § 310.46 Civil actions. An individual may file a civil...
... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Civil penalty. 127.10 Section 127.10 Foreign... Civil penalty. (a) The Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs is authorized to impose a civil penalty in an amount not to exceed that authorized by 22 U.S.C. 2778, 2779a and 2780...
... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil penalty. 110.64 Section 110.64 Energy NUCLEAR... Enforcement § 110.64 Civil penalty. (a) In response to a violation, the Commission may institute a proceeding to impose a civil penalty under section 234 of the Atomic Energy Act by issuing a notice to...
... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil penalty. 221.7 Section 221.7 Transportation... TRANSPORTATION REAR END MARKING DEVICE-PASSENGER, COMMUTER AND FREIGHT TRAINS General § 221.7 Civil penalty. Any... requirement is subject to a civil penalty of at least $650 and not more than $25,000 per violation,...
... subject to a civil penalty under this part: (1) 10 CFR Part 1017—Identification and Protection of... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil penalty. 1017.29 Section 1017.29 Energy DEPARTMENT... INFORMATION Violations § 1017.29 Civil penalty. Link to an amendment published at 74 FR 66033, Dec. 14,...
... Civil Rights Act of 1964” (43 CFR part 17) and shall give assurances of compliance in such forms as may... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 881.12 Section 881.12 Mineral... LAND RECLAMATION SUBSIDENCE AND STRIP MINE REHABILITATION, APPALACHIA § 881.12 Civil rights. State...
... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil remedies. 1212.800 Section 1212.800... Comply With Requirements of This Part § 1212.800 Civil remedies. Failure to comply with the requirements of the Privacy Act and this part could subject NASA to civil suit under the provisions of 5...
... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil penalty. 401.102 Section... TRANSPORTATION SEAWAY REGULATIONS AND RULES Penalties-Violations of Seaway Regulations § 401.102 Civil penalty. (a) A person, as described in § 401.101(b), who violates a regulation is liable to a civil penalty...
... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 761.3 Section 761.3 Agriculture... SPECIAL PROGRAMS GENERAL PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION General Provisions § 761.3 Civil rights. Part 15d of this title contains applicable regulations pertaining to civil rights and filing of discrimination...
... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil rights. 401.22 Section 401.22..., DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT § 401.22 Civil rights. Each application for Federal assistance, grant-in-aid award... Assisted Programs of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and with the Secretary's regulations...
Abstract:Corroborative evidence is the basis for ascertaining and corroboration rules are proof the rules, plays a corroborative proof function and limiting the discretion of judges. Full study of corroborative evidence in civil procedure rules to use, helps to perfect evidence rules of civil procedure and civil systems.
Civil works of PFBR has posed numerous design and construction challenges. Eight safety related nuclear buildings of PFBR are founded on a single raft, first of its kind in Indian nuclear Reactors. Construction of eight interconnected buildings on the common raft has been challenge for construction material transportation. The construction of Nuclear Island Connected Buildings (NICB) raft was completed in three and a half months. This massive 100mx100m raft for NICB, requiring 35000 cubic meter of concrete was undertaken in twelve pours. This Herculean task required storage of massive quantities of raw materials and ice. The construction of Turbo Generator (TG) building including TG mat and deck and interconnection with NICB posed enormous construction challenges that were well planned and executed. The intake and outfall structures too are exemplary construction handled effectively at PFBR. The excavation for the nuclear and power islands was large and deep. Rock out crops were found starting at various depths of excavation, requiring extensive planning controlled blasting and mechanization in excavation. This also required innovative dewatering procedures in sandy terrain often mixed with clay. Ground water table at PFBR site being high, water proofing for massive underground structure of PFBR was required to be carefully engineered and handled. This started with innovative grouting of excavated strata below the raft till required permeability was met and bone dry condition was achieved for laying of waterproofing membranes. Concurrent construction and regulatory reviews and stage wise clearance for civil construction required dynamic construction planning and sequencing. The scope of civil construction in PFBR expands to critical steel fabricated structures integrated with civil works. This includes huge embedment erected to very close tolerances. Large size panels for upper lateral, lower lateral and bottom shields were fabricated to intricate contours with
Tonias, Elias C
This book provides a multitude of geometric constructions usually encountered in civil engineering and surveying practice. A detailed geometric solution is provided to each construction as well as a step-by-step set of programming instructions for incorporation into a computing system. The volume is comprised of 12 chapters and appendices that may be grouped in three major parts: the first is intended for those who love geometry for its own sake and its evolution through the ages, in general, and, more specifically, with the introduction of the computer. The second section addresses geometric features used in the book and provides support procedures used by the constructions presented. The remaining chapters and the appendices contain the various constructions. The volume is ideal for engineering practitioners in civil and construction engineering and allied areas.
The Permanent Mission of Switzerland has informed CERN that the Département des Institutions of the Republic and Canton of Geneva and the Groupement suisse des Magistrats pour la médiation (GEMME) - Swiss Association of Magistrates for Mediation have published a multilingual Practical Guide to Civil Mediation (including English). In this context, the Swiss Mission has underlined the benefits of resorting to mediation, especially for the personnel of international organizations, and which the Secretary-General of the GEMME has summarised as follows: it is a private process not requiring the waiver of the parties' immunities; the confidentiality of the mediation process is guaranteed both by the mediator and the parties to it; the search for an amicable settlement does not need to be determined by reference to law (provided that public order is respected); the process is faster (2 to 3 sessions), less costly and more flexible than civil or arbitration procedures; in order to reinforce the agreeme...
The Permanent Mission of Switzerland has informed CERN that the Département des Institutions of the Republic and Canton of Geneva and the Groupement suisse des Magistrats pour la médiation (GEMME) - Swiss Association of Magistrates for Mediation have published a multilingual Practical Guide to Civil Mediation (including English). In this context, the Swiss Mission has underlined the benefits of resorting to mediation, especially for the personnel of International Organizations, and which the Secretary-General of the GEMME has summarised as follows: it is a private process not requiring the waiver of the parties' immunities; the confidentiality of the mediation process is guaranteed both by the mediator and the parties to it; the search for an amicable settlement does not need to be determined by reference to law (provided that public order is respected); the process is faster (2 to 3 sessions), less costly and more flexible than civil or arbitration procedures; in order to reinforce the agreem...
The question as to whether civil air crews and frequent air passengers ought to be classified among the group of occupationally exposed persons has in principle been decided by the recommendations adopted by the ICRP, the competent bodies of the EU, and national authorities. Measurements for more information on the radiation fields involved are planned. The German Radiation Protection Office (BfS) recently published a statement on dose commitments, assuming a maximum annual dose of approx. 8 mSv in addition to the mean value already determined. Legal provisions, which ought to be adopted also on EU level since civil aviation is a transboundary traffic system, have yet to come. (orig./HP)
Mediation is one of the few mechanisms the international community can deploy that will affect civil wars. This article introduces the dataset on mediation in civil wars – termed the Civil War Mediation (CWM) dataset. This is the first dataset to focus solely on civil war mediation. These data contribute to the present state of quantitative research on mediation in three important respects: the data are collected for the period of 1946–2004, are organized by mediation cases and by civil war e...
Rrustem Qehaja; Elza Bajrami
This article tends to deal with one of the most worrying issues in the judicial system of Kosovo the problem of judicial civil procedure dragging out. The article analyses the reasons of these dragging outs of the judicial civil procedure focusing on the context of one of the basic procedural principles in civil procedure-the principle of economy or efficiency in the courts. Dragging out of civil procedure in Kosovo has put in question not only the basic principles of civil procedure, but it ...
Author analyses (a) the causes leading to the Afghan Civil War 1979-1989 (the war is above all the result of global rivalries between the super-power states and conflicting political systems); (b) Politburo decision to send Soviet troops into Afghanistan (there is reason to believe that the leaders of the Soviet Union became "victims" of strategic misinformation, skillfully put into effect by American intelligence agencies); (c) the deployment of Soviet troops in Afghanistan (brought about an...
Power plant structures are conspicuously visible and have an impact on our landscape. In the opinion of a critical public, a successful external design can greatly enhance acceptance of an undertaking and its plants. This paper considers the subjects - utilization of by-products, aggregation of series experience in the construction of nuclear power plants, architecture in power plant construction, water works for adequate cooling water supply and also quality assurance in civil engineering and optimum application of electronic data processing. (orig.)
Engelbach, Wolf; Kloyber, Christian; Rigaud, Eric; Wendt, Willi
International audience Civil Society Resilience is an area of crisis management that is complementary to professional response. Crisis managers and response organizations need to integrate individuals, communities and local governments in their management efforts, among others by efficient crisis communication via media and the mobilization and handling of citizens as spontaneous volunteers. DRIVER aims at a campaign of experiments: organizational concepts and IT-solutions will be iterativ...
The events of September 11 have cast a new light on the perceived security of the world's nuclear facilities. Although concerns have persisted that governments might want to divert nuclear material from civil use to secret weapons programs - recent developments in North Korea validate such concerns - the terrorist attacks on US soil have inspired new fears for nuclear sites of insider threats that, if acted upon, could result in either outright sabotage of the facility or diversion of materials, potentially for future terrorist activities. Further, these concerns have increased the importance of preventing material stolen from nuclear facilities in countries with relatively weak security measures from being trafficked illicitly to and used against prime terrorist targets (industrialized countries of Europe and North America). Without international agreements and standards to guide their efforts, the international nonproliferation community now faces these newly emerged challenges of how to protect nuclear materials from insider threats and how to block diverted materials from reaching terrorist hands. The following paper will explore opportunities for agreed-upon and proven integrated safeguards equipment to be used both to counter the insider threat at nuclear facilities by automatically supervising oversight authorities, and to prevent illicit trafficking of nuclear materials by observing personnel and procedures at civil installations. To conclude, the paper will look to future civil applications of safeguards equipment as support for international counter-terrorism and security efforts
Studies carried out within the last ten years on the nature and distribution of extraterrestrial intelligent life are reviewed. Arguments for the absence of intelligent life in the Galaxy based on the assumption that at least some of these would have engaged in colonization and for the presence of colonies of extraterrestrials in some undiscovered location in the solar system are presented, and it is noted that both these views rest on the notion that interstellar travel can be achieved at high velocities in very large vehicles, which has been questioned. Alternative suggestions concerning interstellar exploration by automated probes and the possible extended time scale and motivation for galactic colonization are pointed out. Attention is then given to arguments for the extreme smallness of one of the factors in the Drake equation used to estimate the number of communicative extraterrestrial civilizations in the Galaxy, including the frequency of single stars, the likelihood that planets with the correct initial composition and conditions for life are at the proper distance from their stars, the probability of the formation of DNA and the origin of life, and the time for the evolution of intelligence. It is concluded that it seems likely that other civilizations exist in the Galaxy, although the number and distribution of such civilizations may only be determined by the detection of one or more examples.
Rita de Cássia do Vale Caribé
Full Text Available Estudo consiste em pesquisa qualitativa realizada junto aos usuários do Tesauro de Contas que integra o sistema Processo Eletrônico (e-TCDF, do Tribunal de Contas do Distrito Federal, Brasil. Foram realizadas 20 entrevistas orientadas, utilizando perguntas abertas e fechadas de múltipla escolha. Por se tratar de uma pesquisa exploratória, pois não foram detectados estudos de avaliação de tesauros a partir do usuário na literatura sobre o assunto. Esta pesquisa possibilitou a caracterização das principais dificuldades enfrentadas pelos usuários, a coleta de sugestões que permitem o aprimoramento do instrumento, bem como a compreensão quanto à utilização do Tesauro pelos usuários. Foi detectada a necessidade de treinamento e de aprimoramento no sistema.
Luis Antonio Sobrado González
Full Text Available Inicia con una breve introducción en donde señala las funciones y atribuciones de cada uno de los órganos (Sala y Tribunal dadas por la Constitución Política. Seguidamente señala cómo por medio de la jurisprudencia emitida por ambas instancias, se han delineado criterios que paulatinamente han ido clarificando los respectivos ámbitos de competencia en materia electoral, no obstante por sentencia n.º 13313 de 2010, la Sala Constitucional comprometió la autonomía y autoridad del TSE, al desconocer el carácter obligatorio y exclusivo de sus interpretaciones normativoelectorales y la naturaleza irrecurrible de sus decisiones.
Fernando Rey Martínez
Full Text Available 1. La emergencia y centralidad del problema relativo al lugar constitucional de la homosexualidad 2. La homosexualidad en el derecho europeo 2.1 La homosexualidad ante el tribunal europeo de derechos humanos 2.2 La homosexualidad en el ordenamiento jurídico comunitario 3. ¿Está protegida la homosexualidad por la Constitución? 3.1 Homosexualidad, intimidad y libertad 3.2 Homosexualidad e igualdad 4. El contenido de la prohibición de discriminación por razón de orientación sexual. El problema del matrimonio entre personas del mismo sexo 5. Conclusiones. La verdad de Horacio
Each year, the annual Canadian Association of Members of Public Utility Tribunals (CAMPUT) conference is hosted by a member board or commission. The conference is targeted towards CAMPUT members, regulators, the utility industry, consultants, consumers, students and other interested parties. The purpose of the conference is to blend the fundamentals of utility regulation in Canada, with current energy related topics and emerging regulatory issues. Presentation topics were broken down under 9 headings including: regulatory challenges at the national and continental levels; new perspectives for the continental gas market; developing trends in Northeast gas markets; making electricity markets really work; the siting challenge of energy projects; demand side solutions; technology impacts; towards an optimal electricity transmission system; and towards more effective regulation at the provincial and state level. A total of 38 presentations were given at the conference of which 7 have been catalogued separately for inclusion in this database. refs., tabs., figs
This note aims to provide a small set of documents which report the vicissitudes of a North-African Muslim surgeon who tried to settle professionally during the late seventeenth century in the Kingdom of Castile. The four letters exchanged between the Royal Palace and the Castilian tribunal of the Protomedicato reveal that the Spanish king Charles II (1661-1700) resoluted supported the surgeon's aspirations, and the Protomedicato's concerted resistence to the royal will. These eloquent documents shed light on the history of the Castilian Protomedicato during the final years of the reign of the last Habsburg king in Spain by providing evidence about the role of this institution in the process of segregation/exclusion of ethnic minorities from the practice of health professions. PMID:11624992
Mazzetti, Paolo; Nativi, Stefano; Verlato, Marco; Pina, António Manuel Silva; P. A. Ayral; Fiorucci, Paolo; Oliveira, J. de; Sorani, R.
During the full cycle of the emergency management, Civil Protection operative procedures involve many actors belonging to several institutions (civil protection agencies, public administrations, research centers, etc.) playing different roles (decision-makers, data and service providers, emergency squads, etc.). In this context the sharing of information is a vital requirement to make correct and effective decisions. Therefore a European-wide technologi- cal infrastructure providing a distrib...
... HUMAN SERVICES 42 CFR Chapter I 340B Drug Pricing Program Manufacturer Civil Monetary Penalties AGENCY...'' enacted Section 340B of the Public Health Service Act (PHSA). Section 340B implements a drug pricing... the Secretary of HHS to develop and issue regulations for the 340B Drug Pricing Program (340B...
This document concerns the increase of the contract amounts for LHC civil-engineering construction and civil-engineering consultancy, Package 2. The Finance Committee is invited to take note of the increase of the contract amounts with: - the joint venture DRAGADOS (ES) and SELI (IT) for civil-engineering construction, LHC Package 2, for an amount of 28 087 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision, in the amount previously announced to Finance Committee (CERN/FC/4516) of 132 200 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision, bringing the total to a maximum amount of 160 287 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision. - the joint venture GIBB (GB), GEOCONSULT (AT) and SGI (CH) for the provision of civil-engineering consultancy services, LHC Package 2, for an amount of 900 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision, in the amount previously announced to Finance Committee of 13 800 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision, bringing the total to a maximum amount of 14 700 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision
Ménager la victime ? Ménager le coupable ? Jugement, révision et histoire devant le Tribunal pénal pour l’ex-Yougoslavie Protect the victim or the accused? Judgment, revision and history at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
Full Text Available Vojislav Seselj, ultranationaliste serbe, accusé pour crime de guerre et crimes contre l’humanité par le Tribunal pénal international de La Haye a décidé de se défendre seul, sans avocat, devant cette Cour. Cette décision modifie le cours des audiences, et place, notamment, les témoins en grande difficulté au moment de leur contre-interrogatoire, voulu par la procédure dite à « armes égales » par cet accusé-avocat engagé dans une « défense de rupture ». Les difficultés du dispositif et les contradictions qu’il génère ont amené à une suspension d’un procès engagé depuis six ans. La Cour est en effet engagée désormais dans une procédure d’outrage contre Seselj.Vojislav Seselj, a Serbian ultranationalist, accused for war crimes and crimes against Humanity by the International Criminal Tribunal in The Hague has decided to defend himself. So the accused stands as a “lawyer”. This situation changes the course of hearings and puts the witnesses in great difficulty. The difficulties are such that the trial has been suspended by the Court which has engaged a plaint for outrage against Seselj.
Mazzetti, P.; Nativi, S.; Verlato, M.; Ayral, P. A.; Fiorucci, P.; Pina, A.; Oliveira, J.; Sorani, R.
During the full cycle of the emergency management, Civil Protection operative procedures involve many actors belonging to several institutions (civil protection agencies, public administrations, research centers, etc.) playing different roles (decision-makers, data and service providers, emergency squads, etc.). In this context the sharing of information is a vital requirement to make correct and effective decisions. Therefore a European-wide technological infrastructure providing a distributed and coordinated access to different kinds of resources (data, information, services, expertise, etc.) could enhance existing Civil Protection applications and even enable new ones. Such European Civil Protection e-Infrastructure should be designed taking into account the specific requirements of Civil Protection applications and the state-of-the-art in the scientific and technological disciplines which could make the emergency management more effective. In the recent years Grid technologies have reached a mature state providing a platform for secure and coordinated resource sharing between the participants collected in the so-called Virtual Organizations. Moreover the Earth and Space Sciences Informatics provide the conceptual tools for modeling the geospatial information shared in Civil Protection applications during its entire lifecycle. Therefore a European Civil Protection e-infrastructure might be based on a Grid platform enhanced with Earth Sciences services. In the context of the 6th Framework Programme the EU co-funded Project CYCLOPS (CYber-infrastructure for CiviL protection Operative ProcedureS), ended in December 2008, has addressed the problem of defining the requirements and identifying the research strategies and innovation guidelines towards an advanced e-Infrastructure for Civil Protection. Starting from the requirement analysis CYCLOPS has proposed an architectural framework for a European Civil Protection e-Infrastructure. This architectural framework has
Different phases of realisation to Point 1 : zone of the ATLAS experiment After watching this film you can get the view of the civil engineering work at POINT1 where the ATLAS will be built. 03-11-1998 The video starts with the view of the POINT1 taken from the roof of the building 33. 04-11-1998 View of the installation of the entrance of the SDX1 18/19-11-1998 Installation of the rafters to the building PX15
Alicia María de Mingo Rodríguez
Este artículo intenta mostrar la íntima conexión entre el espíritu que anima la noviolenciaen Mahatma Gandhi y la modalidad de práctica de dicha noviolencia que representala desobediencia civil. No sólo se aborda aquella noviolencia y esta desobediencia en susrasgos básicos, destacándose la perplejidad que suscita la noviolencia en su asimetría eirreprocidad (respecto al acto agresivo), sino que expresamente se intenta articularlasde cara a pensar la relevancia de ambos conceptos para una edu...
Osborne, J A
Civil engineering work commenced in August 1998 at LEP Point 5 for the underground and surface works necessary to accommodate the CMS detector for the LHC project. The principal underground works consist of two parallel caverns, separated by a support pillar, two new shafts, a number of smaller connection and service galleries and tunnel enlargements on the existing LEP tunnel. The surface works consist of the 140 m long SX building for the detector assembly and numerous other steel and concrete structures necessary for the installation and operation of CMS. The civil engineering design and supervision has been awarded to a joint venture of Gibb (UK), SGI (Switzerland) and Geoconsult (Austria), and the contracting to a joint venture of Dragados (Spain) and Seli (Italy) for 112 MCHF. The aim of this paper is to discuss the management of this contract and in particular how the various parties interact in order to work most efficiently.
Helmut K. Anheier; Katz, Hagai; Lam, Marcus
In its focus on the relationships between civil society activity across the political spectrum, communications and democratic change, Global Civil Society 2007/8 explores how activists and organisations are exploiting the effects of globalisation to create or expand spaces for debate and discussion, often using new forms of communications, even in closed regimes such as Burma, Iran and China. In addition to a focus on the civil society activity in illiberal regimes, this edition of the Yearbo...
This book presents a study on democracy and civil society in non-Western countries. Like other discourse on democracy and modernization, civil society emerged in the West with its specific culture and tradition. Therefore the development of discourse on civil society in non-Western countries has raised a question: Is a social system that emerged in a particular culture compatible to a society with different culture and tradition? Among other things, the book edited by Robert W. Hefner i...
Full Text Available The article outlines the main trends of compulsory insurance of civil liability in Russia : problems, trends and prospectsInsurance of civil liability – one of the popular forms of distribution and security in the world. The essence of compulsory insurance of civil responsibility is to protect the property interests of individuals. The development of liability insurance goes along with technological progress and reinforced by various laws and regulations, it touches almost all areas of life.
Sean Bolks; Richard Stoll
Samuel Huntington's article and book on the clash of civilizations has created a great deal of controversy and interest. The focus of this is his assertion that in the post-Cold War era, there will be significant conflict between states from Western civilization and states from Islamic civilization. This assertion has been the subject of a number of systematic empirical studies (Henderson, 1997, 1998; Henderson and Tucker, 2001; Russett, Oneal and Cox, 2000; Chiozza, 2002). These studies shar...
Abdibekov Nazarbay; Baimakhanova Dina Muratovna
Main goal of activity of government and the Kazakhstan reforms in the fundamental principle is construction and development of the constitutional state and civil society. The concept of development of civil society and formation of the modern open state allow solving problems of interaction of the population and authorities. The democracy in its full realization provides differentiation of civil society and state by means of certain mechanisms of influence of citizens on activity of governmen...
Djankov, Simeon; Reynal-Querol, Marta
Previous research has interpreted the correlation between per capita income and civil war as evidence that poverty is a main determinant of conflict. In this paper, we find that the relationship between poverty and civil war is spurious and is accounted for by historical phenomena that jointly determine income evolution and conflict. In particular, the statistical association between poverty and civil wars disappears once we include country fixed effects. Also, using cross-section data for 19...
The author defines terms and concepts discussed in an Expert Group Meeting on Civil Society Participation in Fiscal Policy held at UN headquarters in New York City. He addresses first the question, What is civil society? The term is used in varied ways by different writers, which makes communication difficult and impedes clarity of thought. Second, he attempts to categorize and synthesize the many ways that civil society participates in the budget process.
With the social and economic development, the civil aviation industry of China is experiencing rapid growth. This growth will lead to more CO2 emissions. Carbon dioxide emissions and greenhouse effect are already serious problems especially in China, but also all over the world. Civil aviation has brought environmental pollution in the context of improving social activity and economic growth. Because of civil aviation, the rapid increase of the total amount of air pollutants are also in...
... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Service. 15.73 Section 15.73 Agriculture Office of the... Administrative Review Under the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Form, Execution, Filing and Service of Documents § 15.73 Service. Service shall be made by the Hearing Clerk by personal delivery of one copy to each person to...
... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Creditable service. 550.708 Section 550.708 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PAY ADMINISTRATION (GENERAL) Severance Pay § 550.708 Creditable service. The following types of service...
... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Creditable service. 300.605 Section 300.605 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS EMPLOYMENT (GENERAL) Time-In-Grade Restrictions § 300.605 Creditable service. (a) All service at the required...
Analyzes the associations among moral autonomy, civil liberties and Confucianism. Concept of moral autonomy; Elements of moral living; Application of moral autonomy in Confucian ethics; Theories of freedom.
Multiple studies of Huntingtonâ€™s suggestion of a clash of civilizations have found no support for it. This study does not reanalyze his thesis, but rather focuses on specific features of the different-civilization conflict he theorizes about. Using empirical analysis I find that different-civilization conflict is more prevalent than same-civilization conflict, and is therefore appropriate for continued scholarly examination. Even so, I conclude that over time it is not only shrinking as a p...
Kotelnikov, V. A.
Communications between civilizations within our galaxy at the present level of radio engineering is possible, although civilizations must begin to search for each other to achieve this. If an extra-terrestrial civilization possessing a technology at our level wishes to make itself known and will transmit special radio signals to do this, then it can be picked up by us at a distance of several hundreds of light years using already existing radio telescopes and specially built radio receivers. If it wishes, this civilization can also send us information without awaiting our answer.
Carolina Mora Chinchilla
Full Text Available : El presente trabajo busca mostrar que la creación del Registro Civil de Costa Rica en 1888 al lado de la nueva codificación, terminada en el mismo año, forma parte del proyecto de Estado de los llamados “liberales”. El control de la información registral, fuera de las manos de la Iglesia Católica, permitió un gran avance en el conocimiento de la población. Este fue utilizado con fines políticos, económicos y sociales necesarios para el fortalecimiento de las instituciones nacionales. Desde 1925 tuvo a su cargo el Registro Cívico, transformado en 1947 en Registro Electoral. Más adelante, al fundirse en 1949 con el recién creado Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones, asume las funciones de registro civil y electoral. Finalmente, es objetivo de este trabajo demostrar que la solidez y solvencia de esta institución se fortalecen con la legislación de la última parte del siglo XX y principios del XXI que permiten tres cambios importantes, la cedulación indígena, la Tarjeta de Identidad de Menores y la Ley de Paternidad Responsable.
Full Text Available The present study aims at analyzing the dispositions regarding the appeal, as presented in the present form of the Civil Procedure Code2, motivated by the fact that recently, the Ministry ofJustice has launched a public debate on “The strategy of developing justice as a public service 2010-2014” in which it proposes a set of measures on the functioning of the judicial system and theconsolidation of justice independence and integrity. The Ministry of Justice will advance this document of great importance for the justice, to be approved by the Romanian Government, no laterthan July, 1st 2010. The adoption of a new Civil Procedure Code was imposed by the socio- economic transformations that occurred in our country after December 1989 and by the Romanian adhesion at the EU on January, 1st 2010, as well as by the changes occurred on the international level, generated by the free movement of people and not only. In this paper we will approach a few theoretical andpractical issues related to the unitary application and interpretation of the civil procedure norms regarding the term in which the appeal can be exerted, the summoning procedure, the forms of appeal and the rules that coordinate the judging of the appeal. This objective aims at underlining the need for a better regulation of the forms of appeal in the civil law suit, reducing terms, summoning the litigant parties, so that the judging is made in compliance with the principles of the right to defense and thecontradictory principle that govern the civil law suit. By the propositions made regarding the completion of the amendment of the civil procedure norms we intend to actually enable the guaranteeof respecting the requests of an equitable law suit, from the perspective of the law suit’s duration in order for the instances in Romania not to be accused of violating article 6 of the European Convention of Human Rights. In the Romanian civil law suit, the appeal is the only ordinary means
In recent years the American South has become the platform for an authenticity seeking tourism industry. Former sites of civil rights action have been revived and transformed into tourist attractions. The following paper introduces the notion of so-called civil rights tourism and presents a critical analysis of current sites of civil rights commemoration throughout the American South.
Supranational courts as engines for regional integration? A comparative study of the Southern African Development Community Tribunal, the European Union Court of Justice, and the Andean Court of Justice
Fanenbruck, Christina; Meißner, Lenya
This paper investigates the role of regional supranational courts in advancing integration within regional organizations by analyzing three courts. Over the course of the last decades the design of the European Court of Justice has been emulated by several other supranational courts, two of which are studied in this paper. The court of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the SADC Tribunal (SADCT), as well as the court of the Andean Community (CAN), the Andean Court of Justice (...
Lara S??nchez, Francisco Dami??n
A partir del an??lisis de una sentencia del Tribunal Superior de Catalu??a y de las leyes espa??olas que proh??ben el maltrato animal, el autor sostiene que no existen aceptables argumentos jur??dicos, est??ticos o ??ticos para defender, como se hace en dichas leyes, que los espect??culos taurinos sean considerados una excepci??n a tal prohibici??n.
Full Text Available Tradicionalmente, la atribución de un resultado dañoso a su autor se ha hecho a partir de un juicio puramente material o fáctico, en el cual, dependiendo de la teoría causal utilizada por el tribunal, la respuesta sobre la existencia de un nexo de causalidad entre el perjuicio irrogado y la actuación del agente puede variar, a la vez que arrojar resultados que, a la luz de la equidad y la justicia, e incluso el sentido común, llegan a resultar exagerados o contraintuitivos. El presente documento aborda esta problemática para presentar, previo recuento de las diferentes soluciones que se le han dado a lo largo de la historia y de sus inconvenientes, la que se considera la teoría más adecuada para determinar la causalidad en cada caso, por superar los defectos que se les achacan a aquellas que la precedieron y por su aceptación en el ámbito comparado. Con esta propuesta, se intenta evidenciar cómo, a partir de la diferenciación entre una imputación material y una imputación jurídica (o imputación objetiva, se logran resultados más acordes a la noción de justicia que subyace a la responsabilidad civil. Con todo, no se desconocen las críticas que se le pueden hacer a esta teoría, por lo que se presentan las alternativas que se consideran más idóneas para dar respuesta a estos señalamientos.
Como levar o Supremo Tribunal Federal a sério: sobre a suspensão de tutela antecipada n. 91 How to take the Supremo Tribunal Federal (Brazilian Federal Supreme Court seriously: on the suspension of advance claim rights' concession n. 91
Vera Karam de Chueiri
Full Text Available O presente artigo analisa a suspensão da tutela antecipada n. 91 pelo Supremo Tribunal Federal, sob a perspectiva da teoria de Ronald Dworkin, relativamente à compreensão da necessária adoção de uma postura crítico-construtiva (política pelo Poder Judiciário, especialmente pela jurisdição constitucional. Neste sentido, toda decisão proferida pela Corte em favor de um direito fundamental deve prevalecer, desde que fundamentada em argumentos de princípio e que seja coerente com o sistema constitucional. Daí a idéia de que existem respostas certas no direito e que estas são melhores do que as que oferece tanto o convencionalismo jurídico, quanto o pragmatismo jurídico. A questão que se coloca é acerca da legitimidade da Corte, leia-se do Supremo Tribunal Federal, para ter a última palavra sobre as decisões (políticas do executivo e do legislativo, especialmente em relação às políticas públicas de governo por eles promovidas.This article aims at analyzing the suspension by Brazilian Federal Supreme Court of the suspension of advance claim rights' concession n. 91 under the perspective of Ronald Dworkin's theory, concerning the understanding that it is necessary for judiciary power to have a critical and construtive (political attitude in order to decide, especially for constitutional courts. In this sense, every decision rendered by the court in favor of a fundamental right must prevail, once it is founded on arguments of principle and it is coherent with the constitutional system. There, it follows the idea that there are right answers in law and that these are better than those offered by legal conventionalism or legal pragmatism. Then, ir also follows the question about the legitimacy of the court, that is, does the Supremo Tribunal Federal should have the last word on decisions of the executive and legislative powers, especially concerning their public policies?
Full Text Available We debated in this article the civil liability for environmental damages as stipulated in ourlegislation with reference to Community law. The theory of legal liability in environmental law is basedon the duty of all citizens to respect and protect the environment. Considering the importance ofenvironment in which we live, the liability for environmental damages is treated by the Constitution as aprinciple and a fundamental obligation. Many human activities cause environmental damages and, in linewith the principle of sustainable development, they should be avoided. However, when this is notpossible, they must be regulated (by criminal or administrative law in order to limit their adverse effectsand, according to the polluter pays principle, to internalize in advance their externalities (through taxes,insurances or other forms of financial security products. Communication aims to analyze these issues andlegal regulations dealing with the issue of liability for environmental damage.
ATLAS Civil Engineering - Point 1 In the film you can see various stages of construction in Point 1: that is the experiment zone for ATLAS experimentation. One part of the video is filmed on the surface of Point 1. Therefore you can get the view of the hall SX 1 and the cranes. Cranes are located close to the ridge of the hall roof. The film gives you the view of the hall that covers the caps and the wells to underground cavern where the experiment will be implemented. The machinery for excavation lifts and cranes as well as the stock areas can also be seen. There are iron mounting and concrete works too
The technical requirements for the radiation meters used in civil defence are specified in the guide. The aim of the requirements is to quarantee sufficient measurement accuracy and reliable operation even in extreme environmental conditions. The guide is based on the following standards: (1) IEC 846 'Beta, X and gamma radiation dose equivalent and dose equivalent rate meters for use in radiation protection', (2) IEC 1017-1 'Portable, transportable of installed X or gamma radiation ratemeters for environmental monitoring, part 1: Ratemeters', and (3) IEC 45 B (Secretariat) 104 'Direct reading, personnel dose equivalent and/or dose equivalent rate monitors for X, gamma and high energy beta radiation'. (12 refs., 5 tabs.)
In this paper, the author exposes myths about the effects of nuclear weapons so that the U.S. can begin the necessary task of a mandatory civil defense program. An all-out nuclear war between Russia and the United States would be the worst catastrophe in history, a tragedy so huge it is difficult to comprehend. Even so, it would be far from the end of human life on earth. The dangers from nuclear weapons have been distorted and exaggerated for varied reasons. These exaggerations have become demoralizing myths, believed by millions of Americans. The author has found that many people see no sense in talking about details of survival skills. Only after they have begun to question the truth of these myths do they become interested, under normal peacetime conditions, in acquiring nuclear war survival skills. The author examines the most harmful of the myths about nuclear war dangers, along with some of the grim facts
The collective action predicaments of the time require citizens to participate in remaking the governance of civil society so that they can become engaged and cooperate together. Can citizens become makers of civil society? This article draws upon Hannah Arendt's "On Revolution" to provide a theory of remaking in which citizens come together to…
This article analyzes the participation of civil society in the Sixth International Conference on Adult Education held in Belem do Para, Brazil, 1-4 December 2009. As a foundation, the discussion first illuminates the important role that civil society in general plays in democratic issues and the relation between the state and society followed by…
Boje, Thomas P.
the relationship between market, state, civil society and family has been under restructuring due to the financial crisis and the retrenchment of the welfare state. This article tries to establish a frame for understanding the potential role of civil society organizations and the importance of...
Reynolds, Gerald A.
Columnist George Will and others have questioned the continuing need for a federal civil rights commission, because civil rights protections have been on the books since 1964. The chairman of the Commission, Gerald Reynolds, here responds that practitioners of critical legal theory, advocates of the Akaka-Secession bill, some proponents of…
Beyer Kendall, Wanda D.; Cheung, Monit
This article analyzes the civil commitment models for treating sexually violent predators (SVPs) and analyzes recent civil commitment laws. SVPs are commonly defined as sex offenders who are particularly predatory and repetitive in their sexually violent behavior. Data from policy literature, a survey to all states, and a review of law review…
Full Text Available It is obvious that an essay have introduced about Dialogue Civilizations, at first must be start with a definition about it. Obviously, this simple definition is almost difficult. Defining of Dialogue Civilizations is complex and difficult as far as it need to a vast range of definitions. In this essay will argue that how ever definition of Dialogue Civilization is different, can only seek as specific of intemporall and special situations that are in real-life. As well as this essay emphasize to practice of environmental (realm in Islamic countries. The philosophy of this essay is that, what is the share of Islamic environments with regard to looking at Civilizations special phenomena. The first attitude is that Islamic civilization includes different spaces around the globe. The second attitude is that Islamic Civilization includes developing of other Civilizations realm. The third is that in the realm of Islamic Civilization live different human life and this is an important starting point for Cultural Dialogue in the Islamic countries together. The fourth is that, there are expanding (space, population, political systems, organs and economic is different, that we will describe them in this essay.
Based on engineering teaching experience in Africa and Asia, ideas are presented on educating civil engineers for developing countries, especially those in Africa. Some of the problems facing educational planners, teachers, and students are addressed, including responsibilities of a newly graduated civil engineer, curriculum development, and…
This paper sets out the necessity of a special system of international conventions in the scope of nuclear civil liability. Then the main principles of the conventions in Paris and Vienna are described. Recently, works have been carried out in order to improve and modernize the civil liability system. (TEC). 4 tabs
Gibson, Arrell Morgan
Details combat and conflicts between Native Americans and settlers before, during, and following the Civil War. Shows how the involvement of tribes in the Civil War and Reconstruction diminished their martial power and made them certain marks for conquest and relegation to reservations. (JHZ)
One Feather, Sandra
American Indian civil engineers describe the educational paths that led them to their engineering careers, applications of civil engineering in reservation communities, necessary job skills, opportunities afforded by internship programs, continuing education, and the importance of early preparation in math and science. Addresses of 12 resource Web…
Gindilis, L. M.
The probability of radio interchange with extraterrestrial civilizations is discussed. Difficulties constitute absorption, scattering, and dispersion of signals by the rarified interstellar medium as well as the deciphering of received signals and convergence of semantic concept. A cybernetic approach considers searching for signals that develop from astroengineering activities of extraterrestrial civilizations.
... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil penalty. 235.9 Section 235.9 Transportation... SIGNAL SYSTEM OR RELIEF FROM THE REQUIREMENTS OF PART 236 § 235.9 Civil penalty. Any person (an entity of... violates any requirement of this part or causes the violation of any such requirement is subject to a...
... CFR part 1901, subpart E. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 3550.3 Section 3550.3 Agriculture... DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General § 3550.3 Civil rights. RHS will administer...
... CFR part 42, subparts C, D, E, and G. ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 65.52 Section 65.52... Additional Requirements § 65.52 Civil rights. The Act provides that “no person in any state shall on...
... States of America the two hundred and thirty-fifth. (Presidential Sig.) [FR Doc. 2011-9368 Filed 4-14-11...#0;#0; ] Proclamation 8654 of April 12, 2011 Civil War Sesquicentennial By the President of the... in an attack on Fort Sumter. These were the first shots of a civil war that would stretch across...
... benefits and on equal employment opportunity including 7 CFR parts 15 and 15b; and 45 CFR part 90, as... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 1709.18 Section 1709.18 Agriculture... ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.18 Civil rights. This program will...
... thereunder, 43 CFR part 17. ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil rights. 82.20 Section 82.20 Wildlife... (MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972) Administration § 82.20 Civil rights. Each cooperative...
Birnie, Billie F.
Teachers are responsible for what happens in their classrooms, and promoting civil discourse should be among their top priorities. Not only should they model civil speech and behavior, but they also should establish clear boundaries for students, create a climate that nourishes courteous exchange, and help students build vocabularies that enable…
... CFR part 17) and shall give assurances of compliance in such form as may be required by the Director. ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 880.16 Section 880.16 Mineral... LAND RECLAMATION MINE FIRE CONTROL § 880.16 Civil rights. State and local authorities shall comply...
... 46 Shipping 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil penalty. 80.40 Section 80.40 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) PASSENGER VESSELS DISCLOSURE OF SAFETY STANDARDS AND COUNTRY OF REGISTRY § 80.40 Civil penalty. For each violation of the regulations in this part, the owner,...
... the Department of Justice Non-Discrimination regulations 28 CFR part 42, subparts C, D, E, and G. ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 33.52 Section 33.52... Block Grants Additional Requirements § 33.52 Civil rights. The Justice Assistance Act provides that...
... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 21.7310... Bill-Active Duty) Administrative § 21.7310 Civil rights. (a) Delegation of authority concerning Federal... her jurisdiction. See part 18 of this chapter. These equal opportunity laws are: (1) Title VI,...
... Department's nondiscrimination regulations (7 CFR parts 15, 15a, and 15b) and the FNS civil rights... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 250.21 Section 250.21 Agriculture... TERRITORIES AND POSSESSIONS AND AREAS UNDER ITS JURISDICTION General Operating Provisions § 250.21...
... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil remedies. 310.47 Section 310.47 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) PRIVACY PROGRAM DOD PRIVACY PROGRAM Privacy Act Violations § 310.47 Civil remedies. In addition to specific...
... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil remedies. 1008.15 Section 1008.15 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) RECORDS MAINTAINED ON INDIVIDUALS (PRIVACY ACT) Requests for Access or Amendment § 1008.15 Civil remedies. Subsection (g) of the Act provides that an individual may bring...
Callaway, R. O.; Elmer, James D.
This is a revised textbook for use in the Air Force ROTC training program. The main theme of the book is concerned with the kinds of civil aviation facilities and many intricacies involved in their use. The first chapter traces the development of civil aviation and the formation of organizations to control aviation systems. The second chapter…
Onsager, Terrance; Biesecker, D. A.; Berger, Thomas; Rutledge, Robert
The effective utilization of existing data and models is an important element in advancing the goals of the COSPAR/ILWS space weather roadmap. This is recommended to be done through innovative approaches to data utilization, including data driving, data assimilation, and ensemble modeling. This presentation will focus on observations and models needed to support space weather services for civil aviation and commercial space transportation. The service needs for aviation will be discussed, and an overview will be given of some of the existing data and models that can provide these services. Efforts underway to define the requirements for real-time data and to assess current modeling capabilities will be described. Recommendations will be offered for internationally coordinated activities that could identify priorities and further the roadmap goals.
SETEC TPI will address the 'Aging' topic of the Dijon Symposium by talking about: aging in civil engineering materials and structures, prevention of aging phenomena, in-operation monitoring of degradations related to aging and compensatory measures required to maintain a good safety level. Works as the Millau viaduct, the EdF skyscraper at La Defense - Paris, the renovation of the Grand Palais of Paris and special structures with Monaco's floating dam as well as the 'number 10' shaped gateway boat at Marseilles are illustrations for the issues discussed. The durability of civil engineering structures has become a major concern for designers. The Millau viaduct is designed for a service life of 120 years, and the Monaco dam for 100 years. Calculation rules have been evolving toward the incorporation of the concept of life cycle, for example, the Eurocodes 2 rules (reinforced concrete). The talk will expose the factors which are being taken into account to delay aging versus structure types. This part will be focused towards materials and corresponding regulations: - Reinforced concrete (coating of reinforcements, opening of cracks, choice of reinforcement types), BAEL and Eurocodes 2 rules; - Frame steel (protection, sacrificial anode), CM66 and Eurocodes 3 rules. New materials will also be mentioned: - Ultra high-performance fiber/concrete, with the example of CERACEM applied at Millau for the covering of the toll area barrier; - Titanium, which is starting to appear in the building trades, as for instance for the Beijing China Opera House shell. The second part of the talk will be devoted to a specific case namely, the 'number 10' shaped gateway bridge, a prestressed concrete structure immersed in the Port of Marseilles, which will be used to illustrate the aging phenomenon in a corrosive environment. We will focus on the types of inspection series performed by the Autonomous Port Authority of Marseilles to check the behavior of its structure and the repair series
The aim of this contribution is to analyse the incidence and treatment of war neurosis in Madrid during the Spanish Civil War. First, the scientific papers published on war neurosis during and after the war are examined. Then the work of Gregorio Bermann (1894-1972), a member of the International Brigades who organized the frontline Neuropsychiatric Service at the Hospital de Chamartín de La Rosa (Madrid), is analysed. Las neurosis en la guerra, published in 1941, which recounts Bermann's personal experience in the care of war neurosis in Spain, is also discussed. PMID:21877420
Monitoring of radioactivity in the environment 2008-2009. Results of NRPA Radnett and air filter stations and from Civil Defence radiac measure service; Overvaaking av radioaktivitet i omgivelsene 2008-2009. Resultater fra Straalevernets Radnett- og luftfilterstasjoner og fra Sivilforsvarets radiac maaletjeneste
Moeller, Bredo; Dyve, Jan Erik
The Report summarizes the data from Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority and The Norwegian Civil Defence monitoring programs for radioactivity in the environment in 2008 and 2009. A short description of the systems is also presented. (Author)
Full Text Available This article examines the ways in which principal perpetrators of sexual violence crimes are situated in an international criminal court. It is based on a narrative psychological analysis of the sentencing judgments of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY. Specifically, the article argues that at least three narratives can be distinguished within the relevant legal texts: those of the chivalrous, the opportunistic and the remorseful perpetrator, each with a distinct plot structure: that of being a normal person responding adequately to a situation that is seen as normal; an abnormal person responding to what is seen as an abnormal (or extreme situation; and a normal person responding inadequately to what is seen as an abnormal (or extreme situation. The ways in which these plots come out depend on how the various voices in the courtroom position the perpetrator within the stories. Ultimately, these narratives represent different stories of how militarism and masculinity intersect to create different understandings of the soldier and military behavior. The mere analysis of this material, i.e. how sexual violence crimes are discussed in theatre in an international criminal court, is a scholarly contribution to the understanding of how sexual violence perpetrators can be situated in a war setting, and after. The findings suggest new perspectives on military perpetrators and changes in what is considered normal and abnormal behavior in military settings.
Full Text Available O artigo examinou resoluções do Tribunal de Contas de Sergipe para a contabilização da receita e da despesa vinculadas à manutenção e ao desenvolvimento do ensino (MDE e constatou oscilação e equívocos em seus procedimentos, caracterizados por omissão de informações, suposições inadequadas e falhas na contabilização das despesas e no lançamento de dados. Em síntese, a análise das resoluções permite concluir que a educação pública em Sergipe perdeu e provavelmente ainda perde muitos recursos legalmente devidos, pelo fato de a receita e a despesa não serem corretamente contabilizadas pelo TC, embora isso nada garanta, pois os governos não parecem muito preocupados em cumprir as determinações do TC. Afinal, mesmo quando não aplicam o percentual mínimo em educação, os governos estaduais não sofrem intervenção da União; nem as prefeituras, do governo estadual, conforme previsto na Constituição Federal.
... present value factors currently in effect were published by OPM (72 FR 31628) on June 7, 2007. Elsewhere... October 1, 2010. ADDRESSES: Send requests for actuarial assumptions and data to the Board of Actuaries... an actuarial basis. Under each of these provisions, OPM is required to issue regulations on...
Kaplan, Marshall H.
Recent commercial failures in the LEO market, declining budgets for research, and other political factors have made it difficult for entrepreneurs and financial institutions to realize returns from investments in new space transportation systems and satellites. This paper explores the major factors impacting future markets that make use of our space infrastructure. At the top of the list is the high cost of space access. This has been extremely expensive, and will continue to be expensive as long as space access remains low on the nation's priority list. While launch prices have generally been reduced over the past several years, they remain well above the elastic range of supply and demand. Our best estimate is that it will take an order of magnitude reduction to significantly expand the market. Projections about market segments that will represent future winners in space and launch demand forecasts are presented. Future markets, outside of traditional strongholds, are explored, including a long-term view of new commercial space activities, conventional and ambitious future/futuristic activities, and related business aspects.
... present value factors currently in effect were published by OPM (75 FR 35093) on June 21, 2010. Elsewhere....6 46 267.9 47 264.2 48 260.3 49 256.8 50 253.1 51 248.9 52 244.7 53 240.3 54 235.5 55 230.7 56 225.7....9 80 89.9 81 84.2 82 79.2 83 74.4 84 69.7 85 64.8 86 60.3 87 56.1 88 51.8 89 47.6 90 44.3...
... use their training authority in 5 U.S.C. chapter 41 and 5 CFR part 410 to pay all or part of training... use their training authority in 5 U.S.C. chapter 41 and 5 CFR part 410 to pay all or part of training... previous Federal appointment (e.g. fellowships and similar programs in accordance with 5 CFR...
Haug, G. H.; Yancheva, G.; Peterson, L. C.
Dr. James P. Kennett has been a leader in the area of rapid climate change. Jim and his son Douglas J. Kennett, a scientific archeologist, were among the first to make a serious effort to combine high-quality climate data with archeological information to study the impact of climate on societies. They argued about the 'strong relationship between climatically induced changes in environmental conditions and social, political, and economic responses' in coastal California during the past 2 millennia. One tropical climate archive with an appropriate memory for the most relevant sub-centennial to sub-decadal scale climate swings is the anoxic Cariaco Basin off northern Venezuela. Millimeter to micrometer-scale geochemical data in the laminated sediments of the Cariaco Basin have been interpreted to reflect variations in the hydrological cycle and the mean annual position of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) over tropical South America during the past millennia. These data with decadal to (sub)annual resolution show that the Terminal Collapse of the Classic Maya civilization occurred during an extended dry period. In detail, the Cariaco record reveals evidence for three separate droughts during the period of Maya downfall, each lasting a decade or less. These data suggest that climate change was potentially one immediate cause of the demise of Mayan civilization, with a century-scale decline in rainfall putting a general strain on resources and several multi-year events of more intense drought pushing Mayan society over the edge. Here, we present a new data set of comparable quality and resolution from Southern China. In the sediments of lake Huguang Maar in coastal southeast China, the titanium content and redox-sensitive magnetic properties record the strength of winter monsoon winds at subdecadal resolution over the last 16 thousand years. The record indicates a stronger winter monsoon prior to the Boelling-Alleroed warming, during the Younger Dryas, and
Leao, Andreia Carneiro [EnviroCompliance Assessoria Ambiental (Brazil); Natalizim Luiz Guilherme Samico [Webler e Advogados Associados, Macae, RJ (Brazil)
Throughout the historic evolution of the Brazilian legislation, including a brief analysis of the prevailing laws regarding the subject, this paper provides an ample vision of the civil and environmental liability in transport contracts, and, especially, in the transport of oil and gas through pipelines, discussing the present influence of environmental norms and the New Brazilian Civil Code. And what was brought to a conclusion is, if on one hand were kept the liability of the Sender (user company of the transportation service contracted with the Carrier) and Carrier (personal entity operator of the pipeline system), who respond jointly and regardless of fault for damages to third parties and the environment (extendible also to the owner of the product and to financial institutions that participate in some form in the contract), on the other hand the New Civil Code authorizes the National Petroleum Agency - ANP to rule the liabilities between the parties to the transport contract, providing greater safety to the system operators. (author)
The present study aims at analyzing the dispositions regarding the appeal, as presented in the present form of the Civil Procedure Code2, motivated by the fact that recently, the Ministry ofJustice has launched a public debate on “The strategy of developing justice as a public service 2010-2014” in which it proposes a set of measures on the functioning of the judicial system and theconsolidation of justice independence and integrity. The Ministry of Justice will advance this document of great...
Alicia María de Mingo Rodríguez
Full Text Available Este artículo intenta mostrar la íntima conexión entre el espíritu que anima la noviolenciaen Mahatma Gandhi y la modalidad de práctica de dicha noviolencia que representala desobediencia civil. No sólo se aborda aquella noviolencia y esta desobediencia en susrasgos básicos, destacándose la perplejidad que suscita la noviolencia en su asimetría eirreprocidad (respecto al acto agresivo, sino que expresamente se intenta articularlasde cara a pensar la relevancia de ambos conceptos para una educación y filosofía para lapaz. Es por ello por lo que se hace imprescindible traer a primer plano la importanciadel compromiso, la responsabilidad y el sacrificio que comporta la noviolencia, a finde que se los pueda hacer trascender socialmente bajo la modalidad (decisiva en unacultura de paz de ejemplaridad y autoridad, muy relevantes para que la noviolenciagane prestigio social real (y no un prestigio utópico.
Deepak S. Vede
The excavations carried in Western India have brought to light the important civilization of the Indus Valley. This is the most important civilization of the prehistoric period. The sites of this civilization are Mohenjo-Daro, meaning the Mound at the Dead, on the Indus in Sind and the other Harappa on the Ravi in the Montqomery district of the Punjab. The surrounding region of Moh enjo-Daro is wonderfully fertile and is called even today Nakhlistan or the “Garden of Sind”. Here, the city ...
„Mechanics, Models and Methods in Civil Engineering” collects leading papers dealing with actual Civil Engineering problems. The approach is in the line of the Italian-French school and therefore deeply couples mechanics and mathematics creating new predictive theories, enhancing clarity in understanding, and improving effectiveness in applications. The authors of the contributions collected here belong to the Lagrange Laboratory, an European Research Network active since many years. This book will be of a major interest for the reader aware of modern Civil Engineering.
Ochakovsky V. A.
Full Text Available In this research, we discuss promoting and rewarding of civil servants. These methods represent system stimulants that affect the needs and interests of the public civil servant in order to induce him to conscientiously carrying out their duties. It is concluded that awarding and promotion are important parts of the incentive scheme for civil servants, because they show how faithfully and efficiently citizens do their job, and these methods pave the way for this fellow citizen doing their job perfectly. We must mention the material benefits obtained by a civil servant usually in the form of encouragement. It should be noted that in recent years actively updated current legislation has been promoting and rewarding measures that are established by different public authorities, which gives law enforcers more options in choosing the measures of rewarding and encouraging, relevant to labor achievements of citizens. The main legal source is the Law of 27 July 2004 N-79 "On State Civil Service of the Russian Federation," which established an indicative list of awards and rewards of public civil servant
... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reporting service. 11.26 Section 11.26 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR TAKING... PROCEDURES Hearing and Appeal Procedures § 11.26 Reporting service. Copies of decisions in civil...
... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Creditable service. 531.406 Section 531.406 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PAY UNDER THE GENERAL SCHEDULE Within-Grade Increases § 531.406 Creditable service. (a) General. Civilian employment...
... for Healthcare Research and Quality. The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Rule, 73 FR 70732 (Nov... maximum CMP amount for violations of the confidentiality provisions of the Rule. (74 FR 42777 (Aug. 25... HUMAN SERVICES Patient Safety and Quality Improvement: Civil Money Penalty Inflation Adjustment...
... Department of Health and Human Services, Chapter AT, Office for Civil Rights (OCR), as last amended at 69 FR... Improvement Act (PSQIA) patient safety protections, the Director provides leadership, priorities, guidance and... Deputy Director for Enforcement and Regional Operations include: (1) Providing leadership,...
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. General Government Div.
This report reviews the following aspects of the United States Commission on Civil Rights from 1978 through 1985: (1) employment trends; (2) hiring and use of consultant, temporary, and Schedule C employees; (3) referrals from state employment service offices; (4) affirmative action; (5) awards and promotions; (6) commissioners' and special…
Concrete structures which are encountered at EDF, like all civil engineering structures, age. In order to adapt the maintenance conditions of these structures, particularly to extend their service life, and also to prepare constructions of future structures, tools for predicting the behaviour of these structures in their environment should be available. For EDF the technical risks are high and consequently very appropriate R and D actions are required. In this context the Direction des Etudes et Recherches (DER) has developed a methodology for analysing concrete structure behaviour modelling. This approach has several aims: - making a distinction between the problems which refer to the existing models and those which require R and D; - displaying disciplinary links between different problems encountered on EDF structures (non-linear mechanical, chemical - hydraulic - mechanical coupling, etc); - listing of the existing tools and positioning the DER 'Aster' finite element code among them. This document is a state of the art of scientific knowledge intended to shed light on the fields in which one should be involved when there is, on one part a strong requirement on the side of structure operators, and on the other one, the present tools do not allow this requirement to be satisfactorily met. The analysis has been done on 12 scientific subjects: 1) Hydration of concrete at early ages: exothermicity, hardening, autogenous shrinkage; 2) Drying and drying shrinkage; 3) Alkali-silica reaction and bulky stage formation; 4) Long term deterioration by leaching; 5) Ionic diffusion and associated attacks: the chlorides case; 6) Permeability / tightness of concrete; 7) Concretes -nonlinear behaviour and cracking (I): contribution of the plasticity models; 8) Concretes - nonlinear behaviour and cracking (II): contribution of the damage models; 9) Concretes - nonlinear behaviour and cracking (III): the contribution of the probabilistic analysis model; 10) Delayed behaviour of
... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Form, filing and service of papers. 185.128 Section 185.128 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.128 Form, filing and service of papers. (a) Form. Documents filed...
Presents the assumptions, generalizations, data, and methods central to the development of the History of Women (Women and Western Civilization) course at Des Moines Community College. Provides a course outline and a bibliography of primary and secondary sources. (TP)
Kleinbaum, Abby Wettan
Compares basic themes in women's history and the Western civilization survey course and concludes that women's studies do not assimilate comfortably because women are not a part of the heroic epics upon which European history is based. (CK)
Kocol, Cleo Fellers
This article chronicles events surrounding the pro-ERA/anti-Mormon civil involvement demonstration by 21 feminists in Bellevue, Washington, on the occasion of the dedication of the Bellevue Mormon Temple. (DB)
Gopalakrishnan, Kasthurirangan; Taylor, Peter; Attoh-Okine, Nii O
Nanotechnology's rapid evolution is facilitating ever more previously unexplored areas of application. This book focuses on the latest advances in the development and characterization of nanotechnology-based civil engineering materials, structures and systems.
Civil unrest is a powerful form of collective human dynamics, which has led to major transitions of societies in modern history. The study of collective human dynamics, including collective aggression, has been the focus of much discussion in the context of modeling and identification of universal patterns of behavior. In contrast, the possibility that civil unrest activities, across countries and over long time periods, are governed by universal mechanisms has not been explored. Here, we analyze records of civil unrest of 170 countries during the period 1919-2008. We demonstrate that the distributions of the number of unrest events per year are robustly reproduced by a nonlinear, spatially extended dynamical model, which reflects the spread of civil disorder between geographic regions connected through social and communication networks. The results also expose the similarity between global social instability and the dynamics of natural hazards and epidemics.
Even with slow rates of technological advance, extraterrestrial civilizations substantially in our future will have technologies and laws of nature currently inaccessible to us, and will probably have minimal interest in communicating with us. If this communication horizon is about 1000 years in our future, other crude estimates previously published imply that only about .0001 of the technical civilizations in the Galaxy are accessible to us. The mean distance to the nearest such society is then about 10,000 light years. Radio detection of extraterrestrial intelligence seems to imply either (1) much larger telescopes or antenna arrays for the detection of civilizations within our Galaxy than now exist; or (2) attention to the nearer extragalactic systems, with smaller radio telescopes, to detect the very small fraction of very advanced societies which may choose to make their presence known to emerging civilizations via antique communication modes.
Gondinho, Andre Osorio [Escritorio Doria, Jacobina, Rosado e Gondinho Advogados Associados, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)
The purpose of this article is to debate legal controversies and propose solutions to issues related to the civil liability (contractual and extra-contractual) in the rendering of services in Exploration and Production (E and P) contracts, aiming at minimizing risks and reducing excessive costs for the concessionaires and service providers in the Brazilian Oil and Gas Industry. (author)
Brown, Martin; Strong, Alan
For many children of primary school age, an engineer is the man who comes to service the central heating system or who fixes the family car when it breaks down. Most have never met a "real" professional engineer, and have no idea of what is involved in the exciting world of engineering. Most assume that engineers are men. To try to remove these…
Full Text Available According to the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights adopted by the United Nations, in 1966, the human being who enjoy his civil and political rights, enjoy in fact that “humanitas dignitas” (human dignity, since these rights derive from this. That is why this Covenant stipulated that the States parties are obligated to assure both the recognitions of these rights and their exercise and juridical protection.
Van Bohemen, H.D.
This thesis provides a survey of the research results of the relationship between on the one hand the construction, management and maintenance of civil engineering works, and on the other hand the environment, nature and landscape, with the main focus on motorways and coastal protection. The growing number and increase in size of civil engineering works and the growing need for protection measures of the sandy coasts have led to an ever increasing risk of adverse effects on the nature and lan...
Satellite radar interferometry (InSAR) is a precise and efficient technique to monitor deformation on Earth with millimeter precision. Most InSAR applications focus on geophysical phenomena, such as earthquakes, volcanoes, or subsidence. Monitoring civil infrastructure with InSAR is relatively new, with potential for operational applications, but currently not exploited to full advantage. Here we investigate how to optimally assess and monitor the structural health of civil infrastructure usi...
This thesis presents a civil engineering approach to active control for civil structures. The proposed control technique, termed Active Interaction Control (AIC), utilizes dynamic interactions between different structures, or components of the same structure, to reduce the resonance response of the controlled or primary structure under earthquake excitations. The primary control objective of AIC is to minimize the maximum story drift of the primary structure. This is accomplished by timing th...
Walker, J. C. G.
The probability that a star has a habitable planet with a communicative civilization is investigated. One approach to the search problem is to assume that the other civilization will do most of the work, which implies that the search is limited to 'supercivilizations' able to transmit detectable signals in all directions all the time. The development of an optimal search strategy is discussed together with questions of the probability of success.
... the Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act of 1988 (31 U.S.C. 3801-3812). Authority: E.O. 12549 (3 CFR, 1986 Comp., p. 189); E.O 12689 (3 CFR, 1989 Comp., p. 235); 20 U.S.C. 1082, 1094, 1221e-3 and 3474; and Sec... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil judgment. 85.920 Section 85.920 Education...
Since 1936 National Park Service has been charged with preserving Civil War Earthworks while allowing public access. Soil erosion, both natural and human-induced, is a major concern facing the preservation of the earthworks. Currently, the National Park Service is committed to preserving these earthworks for future generations by determining which maintenance activities cause the least soil erosion. This study was undertaken to determine which management practice; burned, mowed, park-fores...
Dora Elvira García GONZÁLEZ
En este escrito se presenta la propuesta de Rawls en torno a la posible desobediencia civil ante una autoridad democrática legítimamente establecida. La desobediencia civil rawlsiana muestra pretensiones antiautoritarias en función del mantenimiento de un orden justo, y cuyo gestor se ubica en la sociedad civil. Ahí se comparten valores tales como la justicia, la diversidad, el respeto mutuo, el sentido de dignidad y el respeto a la libertad. La sociedad civil está conformada por elementos ta...
Full Text Available This article tends to deal with one of the most worrying issues in the judicial system of Kosovo the problem of judicial civil procedure dragging out. The article analyses the reasons of these dragging outs of the judicial civil procedure focusing on the context of one of the basic procedural principles in civil procedure-the principle of economy or efficiency in the courts. Dragging out of civil procedure in Kosovo has put in question not only the basic principles of civil procedure, but it also challenges the general principles related to human rights and freedoms sanctioned not only by the highest legal act of the country, but also with international treaties. The article tends to give a reflection to the most important reasons that effect and influence in these dragging outs of civil procedure, as well as, at the same time aims to give the necessary alternatives to pass through them by identifying dilemmas within the judicial practice. As a result, the motives of this scientific paper are exactly focused at the same time on identifying the dilemmas, as well as presenting ideas, to overstep them, including the judicial practice of the European Court of Human Rights on Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights, by which it is given the possibility to offering people efficient and within a reasonable time legal protection of their rights before national courts. For these reasons, the paper elaborates this issue based on both, the legal theory and judicial practice.
Newman, W. I.; Sagan, C.
A model is developed of the interstellar diffusion of galactic civilizations which takes into account the population dynamics of such civilizations. The problem is formulated in terms of potential theory, with a family of nonlinear partial differential and difference equations specifying population growth and diffusion for an organism with advantageous genes that undergoes random dispersal while increasing in population locally, and a population at zero population growth. In the case of nonlinear diffusion with growth and saturation, it is found that the colonization wavefront from the nearest independently arisen galactic civilization can have reached the earth only if its lifetime exceeds 2.6 million years, or 20 million years if discretization can be neglected. For zero population growth, the corresponding lifetime is 13 billion years. It is concluded that the earth is uncolonized not because interstellar spacefaring civilizations are rare, but because there are too many worlds to be colonized in the plausible colonization lifetime of nearby civilizations, and that there exist no very old galactic civilizations with a consistent policy of the conquest of inhabited worlds.
MENDONÇA, João Josué Walmor de
Full Text Available This article aims to analyze the jurisprudence of the Superior Court of Justice on the dual nature of the appeal bond at the administrative level and the implication of this account in the possible removal of the amount and method of creating release by tacit approval undertaken solely by the taxpayer. Not withoutreason, this implication considered by the Superior Court of Justice focuses directly on the conversion of the deposited amount in income for the entity. From another perspective, judicial decisions tend to create the law not only by individual standards or precedents, but, contrary to law, given the new type of tacit approval for releasemade solely by the taxpayer with clear purpose to prevent the decay to form the tax credit and it ensure income through the conversion of this deposit. Using the technique of trial and choice of thesis and purpose to mark the interests and resolve the conflicts facing the benefit to loved ones as a way to motivate and ensure thephenomenon of the fundamental guarantee to the motivation of the ruling. Therefore, this article intends to demonstrate that the act of will power has emanated from the way back to him, featuring a process of self destruction when considering dual nature of administrative deposit, with the purpose to constitute in per si a tax credit and prevent decay.O presente artigo tem como finalidade analisar a jurisprudência do Superior Tribunal de Justiça quanto à natureza dúplice do depósito recursal na esfera administrativa e a implicação dessa consideração na possibilidade do levantamento do montante e na criação de modalidade de lançamento por homologação tácita realizado unicamente pelo contribuinte. Não sem razão, esta implicação considerada pelo Superior Tribunal de Justiça incide diretamente na conversão do valor depositado em renda para o ente. De outro prisma, as decisõesjudiciais tendem a criar o Direito não só através de normas individuais ou de
... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Amounts of civil money penalties. 530.302 Section 530.302... EMPLOYMENT OF HOMEWORKERS IN CERTAIN INDUSTRIES Civil Money Penalties § 530.302 Amounts of civil money penalties. (a) A civil money penalty, not to exceed $500 per affected homeworker for any one violation,...
... civil penalty action and that the matter is closed. (e) Referral for prosecution and collection. If the... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil penalty letter; referral. 1503.703 Section... AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES Judicial Assessment of Civil Penalties § 1503.703 Civil penalty...
... GENERAL GENERAL PROVISIONS Enforcement; Civil and Criminal Penalty Proceedings § 1.07-95 Civil and criminal penalties. (a) If a violation of law or regulation carries both a civil and a criminal penalty... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil and criminal penalties....
Teacher and student editions of Civil Technology Applications are one in a series of competency-based instructional materials for drafting and civil technology programs. It includes the technical content and tasks necessary for a student to be employed as a drafter or civil technician in a civil engineering firm. Introductory pages in the teacher…
... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights, powers, and duties. 935.21 Section... INSULAR REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Civil Law § 935.21 Civil rights, powers, and duties. In any case in which the civil rights, powers, and duties of any person on Wake Island are not otherwise prescribed...
... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Other foreign civil aircraft. 375.11... PROCEEDINGS) SPECIAL REGULATIONS NAVIGATION OF FOREIGN CIVIL AIRCRAFT WITHIN THE UNITED STATES Authorization § 375.11 Other foreign civil aircraft. A foreign civil aircraft other than those referred to in §...
Winkler, Fred H.
Through the comparative approach to teaching Western Civilization, the student is confronted by a discussion of some aspect of several civilizations or countries within the same time period instead of a civilization-by-civilization or a country-by-country analysis. (Author/JB)
... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil fly-ins. 855.13 Section 855.13 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE AIRCRAFT CIVIL AIRCRAFT USE OF UNITED STATES AIR FORCE AIRFIELDS Civil Aircraft Landing Permits § 855.13 Civil fly-ins. (a)...
... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Judgments in civil actions. 11.501 Section 11.501 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Civil Actions § 11.501 Judgments in civil actions. (a) In all civil cases, judgment...
... Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers 33 CFR Part 326 RIN 0710-AA66 Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation... Engineers (Corps) is proposing to amend its regulations to adjust its Class I civil penalties under the... civil penalties to account for inflation is required by the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation...
... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil judgment. 105-68... Administration 68-GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 105-68.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of competent...
... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Assessment of civil penalties. 599.514 Section 599... ASSISTANCE TO RECYCLE AND SAVE ACT PROGRAM Enforcement § 599.514 Assessment of civil penalties. (a) Not later... Hearing Officer's assessment of a civil penalty, or decision not to assess a civil penalty. In...
Full Text Available In response to increasing public awareness of human trafficking in the United States, the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act (TVPA was signed into law by President Bill Clinton in October of 2000. The TVPA consolidated existing legislation to create a comprehensive civil remedy; this ensures that trafficking victims are no longer forced to seek redress under multiple criminal and civil statutes that target only components of the human trafficking offense. However, despite its status as the first comprehensive anti-trafficking legislation to be enacted in the United States, the TVPA fails to sufficiently address human trafficking concerns. It is suggested that the failure of the TVPA is a result of both the prosecutorial focus of the legislation, a focus which tends to overlook victims’ civil rights, and the contingency of TVPA benefits upon adherence to the prosecutorial process. In response to the shortcomings of the TVPA, the legislation was amended by the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2003 (TVPRA to provide a civil remedy for trafficking victims. The civil remedy confers on trafficking victims the private right to vindicate their civil rights and hold their traffickers directly accountable for their exploitative acts. By directly compensating victims, the civil remedy acts as a financial deterrent against traffickers and provides a private enforcement anti-trafficking policy. In pursuing the civil remedy, trafficking victims possess several advantages over the prosecutorial process of the TVPA and other civil causes of action. However, despite its advantages, the civil remedy is infrequently utilized thus frustrating congressional intent that victims advance antitrafficking policy by enforcing a civil remedy against their traffickers.
Kim, Sang Yong
"The Korean Civil Code is currently in the process of amendment. The government expects to submit a proposal for amending the Civil Code to this year's regular session of the National Assembly. However, considering the extent to which the works for amending the Civil Code being in process by the Civil Code amendment committee have thus far advanced, submission of the proposal for Civil Code amendment within this year’s regular session of the National Assembly can be considered ...
This study explores the effects of class conflicts on civil war duration. Colombian civil war, the FARC insurgency, is examined from a class-based perspective. I argue that class-based civil wars last longer than non-class based civil wars such as identity conflicts because class conflicts have deeper roots embedded in the social, political, and economic aspects of the society. Through the examination of existing theories in the civil war duration literature, I propose four arguments in the c...
Russia's integrity depends on ensuring civil identity as a priority factor in the development of society and the individual. Civil identity is fully realized in a civil nation that gradually takes shape within a particular society. The crisis of multiculturalism in the West triggered by the crisis of the European civilization and culture calls for a revision of certain ideas and theories associated with civil identity. The question is whether the national regions of Russia (including Daghesta...
Clebia Ciupak; Adriana Krasnievicz Possamai; Jair Antonio Fagundes; Carlos Eduardo Facin Lavarda
A presente pesquisa analisa processos judiciais trabalhistas e as causas que motivam ex-empregados a demandarem judicialmente contra seus ex-empregadores. Para tanto, realizou-se um estudo qualitativo do tipo multi-caso em processos lotados no Tribunal de Justiça do Trabalho da Comarca de Sorriso MT. Para o embasamento teórico foi necessário conhecer o âmbito da Perícia Contábil, as normas que regem a atuação do Perito Contábil e as prerrogativas que norteiam as leis trabalhistas como a Conso...