WorldWideScience

Sample records for civil na argentina

  1. Desobediencia civil en Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Gustavo Fondevila

    2003-01-01

    Resumen: La crisis económica de Argentina en años recientes derivó en la pérdida de legitimidad de las instituciones políticas del país. La medida de suspensión de las libertades y garantías de derechos individuales provocó una desobediencia civil generalizada que llevó a miles de personas a manifestar pacíficamente su repudio al gobierno de Fernando de la Rúa. Este gesto ciudadano espontáneo, desorganizado y voluntario sirvió, entre otras cosas, para formar una autodeterminación primaria di...

  2. Desobediencia civil en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Fondevila

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: La crisis económica de Argentina en años recientes derivó en la pérdida de legitimidad de las instituciones políticas del país. La medida de suspensión de las libertades y garantías de derechos individuales provocó una desobediencia civil generalizada que llevó a miles de personas a manifestar pacíficamente su repudio al gobierno de Fernando de la Rúa. Este gesto ciudadano espontáneo, desorganizado y voluntario sirvió, entre otras cosas, para formar una autodeterminación primaria directa de la voluntad popular y una autocomprensión del carácter democrático de la sociedad civil. La justificación de la desobediencia se basaba en una cuestión de derechos. Todos los manifestantes afirmaban que tenían derecho a desobedecer porque la desobediencia, en ciertas circunstancias, era un derecho humano. ¿Pero puede ser la desobediencia civil, en un Estado de derecho, un auténtico derecho? ¿En qué circunstancias, en el contexto legal y fuera de los derechos habituales de resistencia como huelga, manifestación, etcétera, se puede desobedecer una norma legal? Abstract: The recent economic crisis in Argentina led to the loss of identity of the country’s political institutions. The measure of the suspension of freedom and of the guarantee of individual rights provoked a generalized civil disobedience which led thousands of people to peacefully demonstrate their repudiation of Fernando de la Rúa’s government. This spontaneous, unorganized and voluntary action by the citizens served, among other things, to form a direct primary self-determination of the will of the people and a self-understanding of the democratic character of civil society. The justification of the disobedience was based on a question of rights. All the demonstrators asserted that they had the right to disobey because disobedience, in certain circumstances, was a human right. However, can civil disobedience, in a constitutional state, be an authentic right

  3. Under the rainbow : the Civil Union Law and sexual minority activism in Buenos Aires, Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    The subject of this thesis is the implementation of the Civil Union Law in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The law was the first one in Latin America to recognize same-sex couples. The law is a result of changing conceptions of homosexuality in Argentina during the last few decades. In this time period Argentina has made the transition from an oppressive dictatorship to democracy. Argentina’s recent history has brought about a public awareness about human rights and the AIDS epidemic generated a pub...

  4. Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The history of Argentina nuclear development can be summarized into two periods: 'splendour' and 'stand-by'. The former starting in the decade of the 1950s until the late 1970s while the latter period goes from the late 1970s to 2006. The first period (1950-1980) was characterized by a national policy of scientific and technological development; State intervention in the area of industrial production. The military aspects, if any, were marginal in the context of the overall development. During this period, important public scientific technological projects were carried out: the production and sale of experimental reactors, nuclear plants (Atucha I and Embalse), and some projects aimed to developing national industry. The stimulus experienced in the country in this period accompanied the role of nuclear technology worldwide due to the Cold War and the persuasion factor among the main powers. However, during the 1970s and 1980s the whole world started questioning these technologies which ran parallel to the liberalization of the countries economies. The second period (1980s onwards) was characterized by many economic problems and the consequent transitory stop of national nuclear projects; e.g. Argentina transitory stopped its third nuclear plant (at present under construction). At that moment, neoliberal politics were aimed at reducing the role of the State and promoting privatization, separating nuclear projects from governmental control, trying to privatize the nuclear plants, and cutting scientific budgets. Argentina has two nuclear power plants in operation providing 8.6% of the total country's electricity. A third one, 692 MW(e) power reactor PHWR Atucha-2 construction was stopped in the 1990s and re-started in 2007 it is expected to be in commercial operation by 2011). Argentina nuclear power plants utility, NA S.A. is preparing the refurbishment of its CANDU-6 reactor. Argentina Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) has a prototype of its CAREM nuclear power plant

  5. ESTUDANTES E PROFESSORES NA UNIVERSIDADE ARGENTINA EM TEMPOS MENEMISTAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Luiz Neves de Azevedo

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho tem o propósito de discutir a situação da universidade argentina nos tempos do Presidente Carlos Saúl Menem (1989-1999. O balizamento histórico na gestão menemista se deve ao fato de este governo ter iniciado várias reformas de corte liberalortodoxo, afetando substancialmente a relação entre a sociedade, o Estado e o Mercado. O marco legal deste tipo de reformismo no sistema de educação superior argentino assenta-se na promulagação da Lei número 24.521, em 20.07.1995. Com o intuito de compreender as implicações das políticas públicas geradas no referido período para o conjunto das universidades argentinas, são apresentados dados e considerações sobre população estudantil, plantel docente, ingresso, evasão, graduação, dedicação exclusiva e o programa de incentivo aos professores pesquisadores.

  6. La inevitable "mano dura": sociedad civil y violencia policial en Argentina y Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Fuentes S.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Si bien todas las sociedades democráticas modernas aceptan en teoría la inviolabilidad de la integridad física de los ciudadanos como parte integrante de sus constituciones, existe una constante tensión entre la protección de este derecho y el uso de la fuerza por parte de los aparatos de seguridad para prevenir el crimen y la delincuencia. Este artículo estudia la dimensión política de este conflicto, analizando el rol que cumple la sociedad civil en la protección de los derechos de las personas. Se argumenta que son tres los factores importantes de visualizar: el acceso al sistema político, los recursos para la movilización de que se dispone, y el nivel de corporativismo de la policía. Considerando el caso de Argentina, se investiga la influencia de la tercera dimensión -nivel de corporativismo- contrastando a la Policía Federal de la Capital de Buenos Aires, la policía de la Provincia de Buenos Aires y el caso de Carabineros de Chile. Se concluye que la sociedad civil organizada tiene un impacto mucho más importante en la definición de la agenda política que en la implementación de políticas incluso en casos donde dichos grupos de la sociedad civil son fuertes. Asimismo, los factores institucionales cumplen un rol importante en la definición de cuándo y dónde es más probable influir para que una reforma de la policía sea posible.Even though modern democratic societies accept the inviolability of individuals' physical integrity as an essential part of their Constitutions, there is a difficult trade off between the protection of citizens' rights and the use of force to protect public safety. This article explores the political dimension of this tension, analyzing the role played by organized civil society in protecting citizens` rights. In this article, I argue that three factors are crucial to understand such influence: the access to the political system, the resources for mobilization these groups have, and the level

  7. Sociedad civil y derecho internacional de los derechos humanos en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanina Guthmann

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available La aplicación del derecho internacional de los derechos humanos (DIDH en el ámbito local argentino y su impacto en este país, no pueden desligarse de la historia reciente: las graves violaciones de los derechos humanos cometidas durante la dictadura (1976–1983. En este sentido, la sentencia de 2005 que anula las leyes llamadas de impunidad y que se basó en el DIDH representa una reorganización de la relación entre política y derecho y marca el rol esencial de la sociedad civil en el juego de diálogos y tensiones entre los poderes ejecutivo y judicial, y entre soberanía y DIDH. En el marco del reclamo permanente de justicia por parte de amplios sectores de la sociedad argentina, el papel de la "sociedad civil" es insustituible para comprender la transformación del valor normativo del derecho internacional y de los valores que son inherentes a su aplicación.

  8. Comparative Analysis of Labor Relations in the Latin American Civil Service: Argentina, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Peru: Working Paper

    OpenAIRE

    José Alberto Bonifacio; Graciela Falivene

    2002-01-01

    This document is a summary of the study entitled, Comparative Analysis of Labor Relations in the Latin American Civil Service: Argentina, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Peru. The report includes the theoretical framework, the results of the study, and contains conclusions for consideration for a "labor relations development index." This document was commissioned by the Public Management and Transparency Network of the Regional Policy Dialogue for the 2nd Hemispheric Meeting celebrated on April 4th a...

  9. Comparative Analysis of Labor Relations in the Latin American Civil Service: Argentina, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Peru

    OpenAIRE

    José Alberto Bonifacio; Graciela Falivene

    2002-01-01

    This document is a summary of the study entitled, Comparative Analysis of Labor Relations in the Latin American Civil Service: Argentina, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Peru. The report includes the theoretical framework, the results of the study, and contains conclusions for consideration for a "labor relations development index." This document was commissioned by the Public Management and Transparency Network of the Regional Policy Dialogue for the 2nd Hemispheric Meeting celebrated on April 4th a...

  10. Sociedad civil / sociedad informacional: redes sociales basadas en tic en argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Finquelievich

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo es una contribución al estudio sobre las redes sociales sustentadas por Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación (TICs, en relación con el proceso de apropiación social de las TICs como instrumentos de comunicación y organización social para el desarrollo local. Definimos este desarrollo como el empoderamiento de organizaciones intermedias y de base, movimientos y movilizaciones populares y, en general, de entidades y organizaciones comprometidas con el apoyo popular a nivel local, y sus interacciones con otros actores sociales, como el sector público, el privado y el académico, para el progreso económico y social de la comunidad en su conjunto. A fin de ilustrar las consecuencias y desarrollos de esta perspectiva, se estudia la evolución del uso de TIC en las organizaciones de la sociedad civil en Argentina y específicamente, aquellas con sede en la ciudad de Buenos Aires.

  11. Peronism and the origin of workers in Argentina Peronismo e oriegem dos operários na Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos R. Etulain

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the way the workers and popular fronts inserted themselves in the Peronism when it appeared in the 40’s, in Argentina. Showing the adhesion of the different sectors of Argentinean workers, it presents the researchers opinion on the subject. The historical period focuses the first and the second period of Peron as president (1946-1955. Keywords: Peronism. Left. Workers. Unionism. Populism. New Workers. O trabalho analisa a forma como os trabalhadores e os setores populares se inseriram no peronismo uma vez do seu surgimento, nos anos 40, na Argentina. Apontando para a adesão dos diferentes setores de trabalhadores argentinos, o artigo apresenta as posições dos investigadores do assunto. O período histórico se centra na primeira e segunda presidência de Perón (1946-1955. Palavras-chave: Peronismo. Esquerda. Trabalhadores. Sindicalismo. Populismo. Trabalhadores Novos.

  12. Sociologia, peronismo e esquerda na Argentina Sociology, peronism and left in Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos R. Etulain

    2007-01-01

    O trabalho discute, o papel do peronismo e os problemas político-ideológicos que ele coloca para a esquerda Argentina. Busca, também, apresentar os principais elementos para uma análise da esquerda frente ao fenômeno do peronismo. Palavras-chave: Peronismo. Esquerda. Trabalhadores. Movimentos sociais. Classes sociais. Capitalismo. Política. This paper presents the role of Peronism and the ideological political problems to be confronted by the Argentinian leftists...

  13. Sociologia, peronismo e esquerda na Argentina Sociology, peronism and left in Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos R. Etulain

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho discute, o papel do peronismo e os problemas político-ideológicos que ele coloca para a esquerda Argentina. Busca, também, apresentar os principais elementos para uma análise da esquerda frente ao fenômeno do peronismo. Palavras-chave: Peronismo. Esquerda. Trabalhadores. Movimentos sociais. Classes sociais. Capitalismo. Política. This paper presents the role of Peronism and the ideological political problems to be confronted by the Argentinian leftists. It also presents the most important elements for the leftists to analyse the fenomenum of Peronism. Keywords: Peronism. Left. Workers. Social movements. Social classes. Capitalism. Politics.

  14. Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1999-09-01

    This report presents a brief overview of the socio-economic, energy and environmental context in which climate change mitigation actions in Argentina shall be inserted. To that end, the dynamic of the Argentine economic development, its influence on the energy system and environmental impacts is summarised. From the environmental standpoint, emphasis shall only be made on the impact of economic development patterns and energy policies on GHG emission. (au) 73 refs.

  15. Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Argentina has embarked on an ambitious domestic nuclear research and energy program. The venture promises to provide the nation with the infrastructure to play an important role in the nuclear export market in the years ahead. Buenos Aires built its program on a foundation of international support and assistance that overlay an emerging sophisticated industrial and scientific establishment. The foreign contribution sensitized Argentina to opportunities in the global market. This paper reports that Argentina operates two heavy-water/natural uranium reactors, Atucha I and Embalse. Producing, respectively, 320 MW(e) and 600 MW(e), they supply roughly 10 percent of the country's electricity. With a capacity factor of 84 percent, Atucha I is among the best operated plants in the world. Plans call for a third, 745 MW(e) power plant, Atucha II, to go on line in the early 1990s. During this period, construction also may begin on three 300 MW(e) plants, although the country's foreign indebtedness plus cost overruns in earlier construction will place a heavy burden on these plans

  16. Surrogate motherhood and Private International Law: Perspectives in the light of the new Civil and Commercial Code of Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana B. Scotti

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The gestation by substitution, commonly called surrogacy, is undoubtedly a complex legal concept that has as many detractors as supporters. This technique of assisted human reproduction, unlike other traditionally accepted, puts into question the famous maxim of Roman law mater semper certa est. Though this practice is not new, it has gained popularity in recent years and in Argentina reached a noticeable impact due to a series of court decisions and particularly when it was incorporated into the Draft Civil and Commercial Code of Argentina and subsequently removed from the final text adopted by Congress. Given the legislative gap of the new Argentinean Code, approved by Act 26994, in force since 1 August 2015, we will often see cases of people making use of this technique in a foreign country. However, the effects of filiation obtained under foreign law that allows for substitution gestation, usually pose a problem of recognition in our country, to be analyzed in the light of the rules of Private International Law.

  17. Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One article from Argentina where is developed the proceedings before the Federal criminal court of First instance concerning environmental radiological contamination near the Eizeiza centre. A second article from Canada treats the federal court of appeal decision respecting the Mac Clean lake project; two articles from France, judgement of the court of appeal on Caen on the licence to reprocess Australian spent fuel, and judgement of the magistrates court of Limoges concerning dumping of radioactive waste by COGEMA; the last one article from Japan, concerns the judgement of the japanese supreme court confirming the validity of the licence to establish the Monju reactor. (N.C.)

  18. Redes intelectuais hispano-americanas na Argentina de 1920 Hispano-american intellectual networks during 1920's in Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina R. Vasquez

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo se propõe a investigar as conexões entre Reforma Universitária e vanguarda estética na Argentina dos anos de 1920, enfocando principalmente a rede de ligações, interesses e contatos que a vanguarda recebe (recolhe da experiência reformista. Para tanto, privilegiou-se a análise da revista Martín Fierro (1924-1927 com o propósito de mostrar que, entre a vocação cosmopolita da revista e a busca de um novo nacionalismo cultural, pode-se reconhecer nessa publicação uma particular afirmação do tópico americanista. Tomado em um sentido que rejeita uma definição essencialista do "ser americano", o americanismo - como horizonte de referências e contatos - será apresentado como um dos tópicos que contribuem positivamente para resolver alguns dos dilemas da vanguarda estética dos anos de 1920.I have intended, in this article, to investigate the connections between the higher education reformation and the aesthetic avant-garde movement of the twenties in Argentina. I focused on the influence the reformist experience, specially its net of connections, interests and contacts, had over the avant-garde movement. In order to do that I chose to analyze the Martín Fierro (1924-1927 magazine showing that in between the magazine's cosmopolitan vocation and the search for a new cultural nationalism we can recognize a particular statement of the topic of Americanism. Rejecting the essentialist definition of what "being American" means, the Americanism, as a referential point, will be presented as one of the themes that have positively contributed to the solving of some of the dilemmas aroused by the aesthetic avant-garde movement of the twenties.

  19. La ampliación de los derechos civiles de las mujeres en Chile (1925 y Argentina (1926 The expansion of women's civil Rights in Chile (1925 and Argentina (1926

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Giordano

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo asume una perspectiva de género y de hibridación de disciplinas que alienta la confrontación del derecho privado y del derecho público, para dar cuenta del avance desigual de la ciudadanía en Chile y Argentina, en la década de 1920. En ambos países hubo leyes de ampliación del estatuto jurídico de las mujeres, derivadas de procesos legislativos impulsados tanto por partidos políticos como por movimientos sociales. En ambos casos las reformas fueron expresión de un proceso de cambio social más amplio, de sostenida combatividad del movimiento obrero y de creciente participación de las mujeres en el mercado de trabajo, tanto de las obreras como, más incipientemente, de las profesionales de clase media. En este marco, la reforma civil fue limitada y se hizo simultáneamente con el avance de los derechos sociales y en nombre de una mujer ideal: la madre y la esposa. Congruentemente, se mantuvo el principio de autoridad del varón en el seno de la familia y la exclusión de las mujeres respecto del sufragio.This article offers a perspective of hybridization of disciplines and a gender perspective that thrusts a cross-check of private law and public law to explain the irregular advance of citizenship in Chile and Argentina in the 1920's. In both countries there were laws that extended women's civil status. These laws were part of a legislative process carried out by political parties and social movements. In both cases the reforms expressed a broader process of social change, of rising confrontation of the working class movement and increasing participation of women in the labour market, both working class women and middle class professionals. In this context, the reform was limited and it was carried out simultaneously with the advance of social rights and in the name of an ideal woman: the mother and the wife. Congruently, the principle of authority of the man within family relations and the exclusion of women concerning

  20. Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-02-01

    Background notes on Argentina provide a profile of the geography, selected demographic features, government and economic conditions. Descriptive text includes a discussion of the people, their history and political conditions, the government and officials, the state of the economy, their defense, foreign relations, and relations with the US. The 1992 estimated population was about 33 million of whom 97% are European (mostly Spanish and Italian). Religions represented are Roman Catholic (92%), Protestant (2%), Jewish (2%), and other (4%). Adult literacy is 95%. 36% are engaged in industry and commerce, 20% in services, 19% in agriculture, 6% in transport and communications, and 19% other. Per capita gross domestic product was $4,500. There are only 50,000 native Indians remaining in peripheral provinces. The population enjoys a high standard of living and a low growth rate. The country was shaped by dominant forces: modern agricultural techniques and the integration of the country into the world economy. Foreign investment aided the economic revolution. Conservative and radical rule has swung the country back and forth politically since 1916. Colonel Juan Domingo Peron led a successful military coup in 1943 and was elected in 1946. Policies were instituted to give a greater voice to the working class, and with the influences of his wife, women's groups. In 1955, he was ousted by the military, which failed to revive the economy and quiet increasing terrorism. After a number of difficult elections, Peron was reinstated as president in 1973. Extremists on the left and right threatened public order; the military as a consequence imprisoned persons indefinitely. Peron's wife succeeded him after his death, but was removed from office in the military coup of 1976. Basic human rights were violated during this period. By 1983, a fair election was held and support increased for a democratic system. In 1989, Carlos Saul Menem, a Peronist candidate, won and established

  1. Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Benedetti

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo realizar un diagnóstico ambiental de un sector de la ciudad de Bahía Blanca, Argentina basado en el arbolado urbano de alineación. El arbolado constituye un componente fundamental de los paisajes artifi ciales ya que contribuye al aumento del confort y al mejoramiento de la calidad del medio. En este sentido, actúa como un factor moderador de las condiciones climáticas, la contaminación y la salud de la población. El municipio de la ciudad de Bahía Blanca tiene como proyecto la realización de inventarios del arbolado en los distintos barrios, para lograr optimizar la relación entre la cantidad de ejemplares arbóreos y la densidad poblacional. Es importante considerar la variedad de ejemplares en función del uso del suelo y de las características ambientales de cada sector. Por lo tanto, este trabajo presenta un diseño metodológico para la elaboración del plano verde de la ciudad.

  2. Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernan Galperin

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analizan las bases sobre las que se está desarrollando el proceso de transición hacia la TV digital en Brasil y Argentina, y se discuten las posibilidades que la transición presenta para replantear la estructura de mercado y el modelo de regulación de la TV abierta en los países del Mercosur. La principal hipótesis es que la TV digital abre una oportunidad única para reformar el actual modelo de radiodifusión basado en la concesión de un número reducido de licencias a operadores de tipo generalista. Al multiplicar la capacidad de transmisión y facilitar el desarrollo de servicios interactivos tanto de entretenimiento como educativos y de información, la transición a la TV digital se ofrece como instrumento de política pública para alcanzar objetivos clave en materia de comunicación, como el pluralismo, la apertura del mercado y el achicamiento de la llamada brecha digital.

  3. La inevitable "mano dura": sociedad civil y violencia policial en Argentina y Chile

    OpenAIRE

    Claudio Fuentes S.

    2004-01-01

    Si bien todas las sociedades democráticas modernas aceptan en teoría la inviolabilidad de la integridad física de los ciudadanos como parte integrante de sus constituciones, existe una constante tensión entre la protección de este derecho y el uso de la fuerza por parte de los aparatos de seguridad para prevenir el crimen y la delincuencia. Este artículo estudia la dimensión política de este conflicto, analizando el rol que cumple la sociedad civil en la protección de los derechos de las pers...

  4. A desobediência civil como instrumento de participação na democracia constitucional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Costa Brahim Pereira

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A democracia eminentemente representativa apresenta, por vezes, falhas na efetiva participação do povo nas decisões políticas para construção do projeto democrático e no atendimento às garantias constitucionais. Diante deste cenário, examina-se o uso da desobediência civil com vistas a garantir uma maior participação e na busca da soberania popular, da autodeterminação e da transformação social. Apoia-se em fundamentos e princípios do próprio ordenamento, configurando, portanto, ato ilícito, mas não antijurídico, por fundamentar-se na busca de direitos previstos na Lei Maior.

  5. Expolinear model on soybean growth in Argentina and Brazil Modelo expolinear na cultura da soja cultivada na Argentina e no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Elisabet Confalone

    2010-05-01

    diferentes estádios fenológicos. Um experimento foi conduzido em Azul/Argentina e outro em Viçosa/Brasil durante as estações de cultivo (1997/1998, 1998/1999 e 2002/2003. O modelo expolinear foi ajustado aos dados de fitomassa seca obtidos de cada tratamento. O modelo apresentou sensibilidade do parâmetro Rm (taxa máxima de crescimento relativo da cultura - g g-1 day-1 à variação na temperatura do ar; do parâmetro Cm (taxa máxima de crescimento da cultura - g m-2 day-1 à radiação solar; e do parâmetro Tb (perda em tempo - dias ao estresse hídrico. Os valores de Cm foram maiores sem restrições hídricas, apresentando, em ambos os países, uma correlação direta com a radiação solar. Sem restrições hídricas, os valores de Rm foram menores quando a temperatura média do ar durante o ciclo foi menor. Sob estresse hídrico, a cultura mostrou uma tendência a apresentar valores de Rm maiores. Os valores de Tb foram menores nos tratamentos irrigados e maiores nos tratamentos com deficiência hídrica. A análise dos resultados mostrou claramente a capacidade do modelo expolinear para simular as diferentes taxas de crescimento da cultura da soja como uma consequência das condições climáticas.

  6. Crescimento e inflação na Argentina nos governos Kirchner

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Salama

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Desde 2003, a taxa de crescimento do PIB foi mais elevada na Argentina do que no Brasil, e a distribuição da renda, menos desigual. Diminuiu a pobreza. Aumentou o emprego - incluindo o setor industrial - e os empregos informais, assalariados ou não, perdem sua importância relativa. A balança comercial é fortemente superavitária, a taxa de endividamento não excessivamente elevada. A inflação real tem nível elevado, muito mais forte do que aquela anunciada pelo governo e reduz o poder aquisitivo entre as categorias mais pobres. O apreciamento recente da taxa de câmbio efetiva, o peso crescente das commodities nas exportações, das quais depende o financiamento das subvenções concedidas particularmente aos setores com forte consumo de energia, os subsídios insuficientes destinados às indústrias intensivas envolvidas com pesquisa podem transformar o círculo virtuoso de hoje num círculo vicioso amanhã.Since 2003, the growth rate of the GDP has been higher in Argentina than in Brazil. Income distribution is less unequal. Poverty has decreased. Employment is growing - including in the industrial sector -; informal jobs, whether salaried or not, are loosing ground; while the balance of trade shows a trade surplus and the debt ratio is not overly right. Real inflation is hight, far higher than announced by the government, and it curtails any rise in buying power, particularly among the poorest. The recent rise ineffective exchange rates, the rise in the share of raw materials in exports, the fact that these are needed for subsidies paid mainly to energy consuming sectors, the shortage of subsidies to research intensives industries could to morrow turn what is currently a virtuous circle into a vicious circle.

  7. A desobediência civil como instrumento de participação na democracia constitucional

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Costa Brahim Pereira; Luiza Mello Souza

    2015-01-01

    A democracia eminentemente representativa apresenta, por vezes, falhas na efetiva participação do povo nas decisões políticas para construção do projeto democrático e no atendimento às garantias constitucionais. Diante deste cenário, examina-se o uso da desobediência civil com vistas a garantir uma maior participação e na busca da soberania popular, da autodeterminação e da transformação social. Apoia-se em fundamentos e princípios do próprio ordenamento, configurando, portanto, ato ilícito, ...

  8. La Guerra Civil Española y la polarización ideológica y política: la Argentina 1936-1946

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Alberto Romero

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available En la Argentina, la Guerra Civil Española conmovió fuertemente a la colectividad española y a la sociedad toda, que se movilizó en ayuda de uno u otro bando. La mayoría, de tradición liberal, democrática y reformista, adhirió a la República, pero los partidarios del franquismo constituyeron una minoría importante, reclutada principalmente en el pujante antiliberalismo católico y nacionalista. En este artículo se analizan sus repercusiones en la política, su traducción y adaptación a las circunstancias locales. En particular se siguen las alternativas del frente antifascista. Este fue muy fuerte en el campo cultural e intelectual, donde los emigrados republicanos españoles tuvieron una fuerte presencia. En ese proceso hubo dos momentos de quiebre importante: el golpe militar de junio de 1943, que fue interpretado como el triunfo del fascismo en la Argentina, y la elección de Perón en 1946, un heredero del golpe militar que sin embargo reclutó apoyos en los sindicatos obreros, que hasta entonces habían apoyado el antifascismo. Explicar este final paradójico es la intención de este artículo.

  9. Contracaecumovale (Nematoda: Anisakidae from Rollandia rolland Quoy & Gaimard 1824 (Aves, Podicipedidae in Argentina Contracaecumovale (Nematoda: Anisakidae de Rollandia rolland Quoy & Gaimard 1824 (Aves, Podicipedidae na Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noelia Adelina Galeano

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Necropsy on 15 specimens of white-tufted grebe, Rollandiarolland, caught in the Mar Chiquita and Chascomús lagoons (Buenos Aires province, revealed the presence of Contracaecumovale (Linstow, 1907. This nematode shows a marked specificity for podicipediform birds. The specimens were identified from morphological study on features such as cephalic and esophageal structures and caudal papillae, using both optical and scanning electron microscopy. This is the first record of C. ovale parasitizing R. rolland in Argentina.Necropsia de 15 espécimes de mergulhão-de-orelha-branca, Rollandiarolland, coletados nas lagoas Mar Chiquita e Chascomús (Província de Buenos Aires, revelou a presença de Contracaecumovale (Linstow, 1907. Esse nematóide tem uma marcada especificidade pelas aves podicipediformes. Os espécimes foram identificados a partir de características, tais como estruturas morfológicas cefálicas e esofágicas e papilas caudais, utilizando-se microscopia óptica e microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV. Esse é o primeiro registro de C. ovale parasito de R. rolland na Argentina.

  10. O "gaucho", o tango, primitivismo e poder na formação da identidade nacional argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo P. Archetti

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available De 1900 a 1930, a Argentina esteve sob o impacto de uma massiva imigração européia que provocou a reconfiguração da identidade nacional. Todavia, o projeto de nação mascara sua heterogeneidade e nega espaço tanto às comunidades que se viram então submersas quanto aos imaginários alternativos que apresenta. O artigo ilustra esse processo particular do prisma do impacto da imageria e vestimenta gaucha no tango. Nesse contexto, ver-se-á que as tradições e vestimentas gauchas constituíram elementos-chave de um revivescimento nacionalista. Procura-se mostar que a conexão entre a imageria e a vestimenta gaucha, teoricamente pertencentes ao passado, abarca também o tango, a música e dança modernas criadas na Argentina nos anos 1880 e 1890 e exportadas para o mundo no início do século XX. O artigo também examina a confluência do nacionalismo argentino com idéias européias de exotismo e primitivismo na definição de um contexto no qual o tango podia ser referido como música e dança gauchas.From 1900 to 1930 Argentina was changed under the impact of massive European immigration provoking a remaking of the national identity. However, the project of a nation masks its heterogenity and denies a space both to the communities that become submerged through it and to the alternative imaginaries that it displays. The article is an illustration of these particular processes through the lens of the impact of gaucho imagery and dress in tango. In this context we will see that the gaucho dress and folk traditions were key components of a nationalist revival. The article tries to show that the connection between gaucho imagery and dress, in theory belonging to the past, embraces also tango, the modern dance and music created in Argentina in the 1880s and 1890s and exported to the world at the beginning of the twentieth century. The paper also examines the confluence of nationalism in Argentina with European ideas of exoticism and

  11. La evaluación de los estilos de liderazgo en población civil y militar argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandro Castro Solano; Martín Nader; María Martina Casullo

    2013-01-01

    Basados en la teoría de Bass (1985, 1990), se adaptó el cuestionario M.L.Q. (Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire) para la evaluación de los estilos de liderazgo civiles y militares argentinos. Se recogieron datos de 363 sujetos, civiles (53%) y militares cadetes y oficiales (47%). Se realizó un análisis factorial exploratorio y luego confirmatorio resultando una escala de 34 ítems que responde a un modelo de siete factores agrupados en tres estilos de liderazgo. Los resultados señalan mejor ...

  12. O "gaucho", o tango, primitivismo e poder na formação da identidade nacional argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Archetti Eduardo P.

    2003-01-01

    De 1900 a 1930, a Argentina esteve sob o impacto de uma massiva imigração européia que provocou a reconfiguração da identidade nacional. Todavia, o projeto de nação mascara sua heterogeneidade e nega espaço tanto às comunidades que se viram então submersas quanto aos imaginários alternativos que apresenta. O artigo ilustra esse processo particular do prisma do impacto da imageria e vestimenta gaucha no tango. Nesse contexto, ver-se-á que as tradições e vestimentas gauchas constituíram element...

  13. Distribution of wetlands in Argentina estimated from soil charts = Distribuição de áreas úmidas na Argentina, estimada a partir de mapas de solo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Kandus

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available We generated a map of wetlands in Argentina from the digital edition of the National Soil Inventory made by the National Institute of Agricultural Technology (Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, INTA. Potential wetland areas were extracted from the map after an exhaustive analysis of the database and reassignment of the soil classes, by taking into account 1 soil taxonomic classes; 2 constraining factors (waterlogging, flooding, drainage impairment; and 3 cartographic categories, including lakes, lagoons, marshes and salt lakes. Estimated wetland area is about 600,000 km2, representing 21.5% of the national territory; it increases to 23% when considering salt lakes and deepwater bodies, but their surface is underestimated in the INTA database. Finally, weanalyzed the distribution and abundance of wetland areas from different eco-regions of Argentina, and compared our results with current global wetland databases.Foi confeccionado um mapa de regiões úmidas da Republica Argentina, a partir da análise e reclassificação da edição digital do Atlas de Solos do pais, editado pelo Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuária (INTA. O mapa incluiu áreas úmidas derivadas daanálise exaustiva dos campos da base de dados referentes a: 1 classes taxonômicas dos solos; 2 ação de fatores limitantes (alagamento, inundação, deficiências da drenagem; e 3categorias cartográficas que incluiam lagos, lagoas, esteiros e salinas. A superfície estimada das áreas alagadas é de aproximadamente 600.000 km2, correspondendo a 21,5% do território nacional. Se acrescentar as superfícies de salinas e corpos de água, essa área ascende para 23%, embora os dados destes últimos sistemas estejam subestimados na base de dados utilizados. Analisaram-se a distribuição e a abundância de áreas alagadas em diferentes ecorregiões do país, e os resultados foram comparados com os obtidos a partir de estimativas realizadas com outras bases de dados.

  14. Tratamento justo e equitativo a investimentos estrangeiros na Argentina. Análise das expectativas legítimas na jurisprudência do ICSID

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Pedro Meinero

    2015-01-01

    O presente trabalho analisa o padrão de tratamento justo e equitativo aos investidores como uma cláusula típica dos tratados bilaterais de investimentos. Antes consistente no “padrão mínimo de tratamento a estrangeiros”, hoje o conceito relaciona-se com a proteção das expectativas legítimas dos investidores. Nos laudos do ICSID que têm como contexto a crise Argentina de 2001-2002, o padrão justo e equitativo foi aplicado na mesma medida que outros casos com contexto fático totalmente diverso....

  15. La evaluación de los estilos de liderazgo en población civil y militar argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Castro Solano

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Basados en la teoría de Bass (1985, 1990, se adaptó el cuestionario M.L.Q. (Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire para la evaluación de los estilos de liderazgo civiles y militares argentinos. Se recogieron datos de 363 sujetos, civiles (53% y militares cadetes y oficiales (47%. Se realizó un análisis factorial exploratorio y luego confirmatorio resultando una escala de 34 ítems que responde a un modelo de siete factores agrupados en tres estilos de liderazgo. Los resultados señalan mejor ajuste del modelo para población civil que para militar. Se encontraron diferencias individuales entre los estilos de liderazgo de civiles y militares. En los primeros predominan las características relacionadas con el intercambio y la negociación. En los ámbitos militares predomina el estilo de liderazgo transformacional. En ambas poblaciones las características más valoradas de los líderes se autopercibían con mayor intensidad en el formato de autoregistro que en la percepción del subalterno respecto del superior. Based on Bass' leadership model (1985, 1990, the M.L.Q. questionnaire (Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire was validated for the assessment of leadership styles in Argentinean civil and military population. Data were gathered (N=363 on military (cadets and officers and civilian population. A factorial structure of seven grouped in three styles of leadership (34 items was obtained and it was confirmed by means of confirmatory factor analysis. The results point out better adjustment of the obtained pattern for civil population than for military. Individual differences were also found among the styles of leadership of civilians and military population. In the first ones characteristics related with the exchange and the negotiation prevail. In the military environments The style of transformational leadership prevails in military environments. In both populations valued leader characteristics were perceived with more intensity in self

  16. Relacionamento interorganizacional na cadeia de suprimentos: um estudo de caso na indústria da construção civil The interorganizational relationship in the supply chain: a case study in the civil construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Albergaria de Mello Bandeira

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O escopo deste trabalho consiste em promover uma discussão sobre os mecanismos de coordenação das relações interorganizacionais - poder e cooperação - na cadeia de suprimentos da indústria da construção civil. O poder, como um construto de relações interorganizacionais, tem recebido um tratamento irregular e conflitante por parte dos analistas. No entanto, esta abordagem ignora relações existentes que são muito apropriadas para certos contextos do relacionamento interfirmas. Logo, foi desenvolvido um estudo de caso em um elo da indústria da construção civil com o intuito de identificar suas relações como sendo baseadas em dominação ou cooperação. São analisadas, ainda, as implicações dos resultados da pesquisa na gestão da cadeia de suprimentos da construção civil.The article discusses the relationship in the supplier chain in the civil construction industry. The main objective is to define if it is a cooperative relation among the intervenients or if the most powerful dictates the rules. Power as an interorganizational construct has been observed by analysts with an irregular and conflictive point of view. However, these analysts ignore completely existing relationships that are very appropriate in some existing relationships among enterprises. Due to that, it was verified het type of relationship developed by two intervenients in one step of the supply chain of a civil construction company to determine if it is cooperative or if, otherwise, the main actor uses its power to lead the chain. The researchers also analyze what are the implications of this study in the civil construction industry's supply management.

  17. Transmissão da tuberculose na tríplice fronteira entre Brasil, Paraguai e Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ueleres Braga

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available A tuberculose é um problema de saúde pública na América do Sul e muitas estratégias de controle têm se mostrado ineficazes em cenários com intensa transmissão. O objetivo é determinar se a região da tríplice fronteira entre Brasil/Paraguai/Argentina constitui uma área de elevada transmissão da tuberculose. Um estudo ecológico foi conduzido com dados de incidência e as estimativas populacionais dos três países. Taxas médias de incidência foram calculadas para 2001 a 2007. Técnicas de análise espacial identificaram áreas de maior incidência na região por meio de mapas com suavizações bayesianas das taxas e médias espaciais. Nesse período, Foz do Iguaçu teve as mais elevadas incidências, seguido por Ciudad del Este no Paraguai e Puerto Iguazú na Argentina. Detectou-se cluster espacial de municípios com alto risco de ocorrência de tuberculose na região da tríplice fronteira. A tuberculose nessa área tem taxas de notificação ascendentes ou estáveis, municípios com incidência acima da média estadual e esta é uma região de elevada incidência e, portanto, de alta transmissão.

  18. Astronomy Teaching in Argentina in the 19th Century. (Spanish Title: La Enseñanza de la Astronomía en la Argentina del Siglo XIX.) O Ensino de Astronomia na Argentina no Século XIX

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norberto Cornejo, Jorge; Santilli, Haydée

    2010-12-01

    según el positivismo francés, y el segundo de acuerdo al positivismo alemán. También señalaremos la distinta actitud de ambos observatorios frente a la educación. En esta última dimensión veremos cómo las ideas positivistas tuvieron gran importancia en la formación de maestros impartida en las Escuelas Normales. Estableceremos también la relevante influencia del contexto socio-histórico en el desarrollo de la astronomía, y, a su vez, apreciaremos que esta última fue un actor social fundamental en la Historia Argentina. Domingo F. Sarmiento acreditava que a astronomia de Copérnico fosse uma das disciplinas científicas fundamentais para a formação de um cidadão "moderno". Neste trabalho estudaremos astronomia a partir de duas perspectivas: a científica e a educacional Nosso estudo será desenvolvido para a Argentina no século XIX, a partir da iniciativa de Bernardino Rivadavia, em 1821, que estabeleceu um observatório astronômico em Buenos Aires, até as primeiras atividades dos observatórios de Córdoba e La Plata. Em ambas as perspectivas, científica e educativa, vamos analisar a influência das ideias positivistas. Discutiremos como existiram diferenças epistemológicas entre eles, o Observatório de Córdoba orientado de acordo com o positivismo francês, e La Plata, de acordo com o positivismo alemão. Ambos os observatórios tinha uma atitude diferente em relação à educação. As ideias positivistas foram muito importantes para treinar professores do ensino primário na Argentina. Nós iremos enfatizar a importante influência do contexto sócio-histórico na astronomia, já que esta ciência foi um importante ator social na história da Argentina.

  19. Comparative Analysis of Labor Relations in the Latin American Civil Service: Argentina, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Peru Title: Análisis comparado de las relaciones laborales en la administración pública Latinoamericana: Argentina, Costa Rica, México y Perú

    OpenAIRE

    Graciela Falivene; José Alberto Bonifacio

    2002-01-01

    This document is a summary of the study entitled, Comparative Analysis of Labor Relations in the Latin American Civil Service: Argentina, Costa Rica, Mexico, and Peru. The report includes the theoretical framework, the results of the study, and contains conclusions for consideration for a "labor relations development index." This document was commissioned by the Public Management and Transparency Network of the Regional Policy Dialogue for the 2nd Hemispheric Meeting celebrated on April 4th a...

  20. Pediculus capitis infestation according to sex and social factors in Argentina Infestação por Pediculus capitis segundo sexo e fatores sociais na Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Catalá

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To determine the intensity of Pediculus capitis infestation (abundance among Argentinean schoolchildren. Children's sex and social stratum were analyzed as modifiers of the general prevalence and degree of parasitism. METHODS: The study included 1,370 schoolchildren (692 girls, 678 boys from 26 schools of the province of La Rioja (21 public schools, five private schools. Classic prevalence was obtained as the percentage of children with nits and/or lice. Moreover, five degrees of parasitism were classified: 0 children with no signs of pediculosis; 0+ children with evidence of past infestation; 1 children with a recent infestation and low probability of active parasitism; 2 children with a recent infestation and high probability of active parasitism; 3 children with mobile lice (active pediculosis. RESULTS: The general prevalence was 61.4% (girls: 79%; boys: 44%, pOBJETIVO: Determinar a intensidade de infestação (abundância de Pediculus capitis em crianças argentinas em idade escolar. Analisar se sexo e classe social das crianças são fatores influentes na prevalência e grau de parasitismo. MÉTODOS: Foram examinados 1.370 alunos (692 meninas e 678 meninos, de 26 escolas (21 públicas e cinco particulares da província de La Rioja, Argentina. A prevalência foi obtida pela percentagem de crianças com lêndeas e/ou piolhos. O parasitismo foi classificado em cinco graus: 0 crianças sem sinal de pediculose; 0+ com sinal de infestação curada; 1 infestação recente, mas baixa probabilidade de parasitismo ativo; 2 com infestação e alta probabilidade de parasitismo; 3 com piolhos móveis (pediculose ativa. RESULTADOS: A prevalência geral foi de 61,4% (79% em meninas e 44% em meninos, p<0,001. Crianças de escolas particulares apresentaram menor prevalência que as de escolas públicas (p=0,02, especialmente devido à baixa prevalência em meninos. Metade das crianças foram classificadas nas classes 0 e 0+; 22% na classe 1; e 28

  1. Um casamento feliz: direito internacional e sociedade civil global na formação dos regimes internacionais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Tostes

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available O artigo tem o objetivo de demonstrar a relação entre o aumento da sociedade civil global e o Direito internacional público, por um lado e, por outro, a importância dos regimes internacionais para a perspectiva da participação de atores não-estatais nas relações internacionais. O debate na literatura sobre regimes internacionais aponta para a necessidade de realizarem-se mais pesquisas empíricas sobre os condicionantes do sucesso dos regimes internacionais, porém já é possível destacar evidências a respeito de um importante papel que vem sendo ocupado por atores não-soberanos na formação de regimes: o papel de especialistas. O artigo é uma reflexão sobre o conceito de "regime internacional" e seus limites e apresenta uma nota preliminar de pesquisa sobre as possibilidades da influência de atores da sociedade civil na busca da formação de um regime internacional de meio ambiente, com destaque na participação do Brasil no processo de formulação de um regime de biosseguranca.

  2. "A grande Argentina": um sonho nacionalista para a construção de uma potência na América Latina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Bendicho Beired

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Visa-se analisar a proposta de transformação da Argentina em uma potência econômica e militar hegemônica na América do Sul, levada a cabo por correntes de extrema-direita desse país, entre as duas Guerras Mundiais. Discutem-se os objetivos, conteúdos e fundamentação dessa proposta no contexto do cenário internacional e da conjuntura política argentina.This article deals with the right wing projects, between the two World Wars that intended the transformation of Argentina into the most influent and powerful country in South America. We will discuss the goals and the fundamentation of these proposals relating them with the international scene and the Argentine political conjuncture.

  3. Políticas de transferência de renda no Brasil e na Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Maria Marques

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the conditioned income-transfer developed by the governments of Lula and Dilma, in the Brazilian case, and by Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, in Argentina. In other words, the programs Bolsa Família and "Asignación Universal por Hijo para Protección Social". They are comparatively analyzed with regard to their institutionality, the access criteria, the conditionings and the concept of poverty, in order to discuss whether they constitute or not a social right and the relative importance of the amount given.

  4. Relacionamento interorganizacional na cadeia de suprimentos: um estudo de caso na indústria da construção civil The interorganizational relationship in the supply chain: a case study in the civil construction industry

    OpenAIRE

    Renata Albergaria de Mello Bandeira; Luiz Carlos Brasil de Brito Mello; Antonio Carlos Gastaud Maçada

    2009-01-01

    O escopo deste trabalho consiste em promover uma discussão sobre os mecanismos de coordenação das relações interorganizacionais - poder e cooperação - na cadeia de suprimentos da indústria da construção civil. O poder, como um construto de relações interorganizacionais, tem recebido um tratamento irregular e conflitante por parte dos analistas. No entanto, esta abordagem ignora relações existentes que são muito apropriadas para certos contextos do relacionamento interfirmas. Logo, foi desenvo...

  5. Tratamento justo e equitativo a investimentos estrangeiros na Argentina. Análise das expectativas legítimas na jurisprudência do ICSID

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Pedro Meinero

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho analisa o padrão de tratamento justo e equitativo aos investidores como uma cláusula típica dos tratados bilaterais de investimentos. Antes consistente no “padrão mínimo de tratamento a estrangeiros”, hoje o conceito relaciona-se com a proteção das expectativas legítimas dos investidores. Nos laudos do ICSID que têm como contexto a crise Argentina de 2001-2002, o padrão justo e equitativo foi aplicado na mesma medida que outros casos com contexto fático totalmente diverso. Com base na leitura dessa jurisprudência e de bibliografia específica, busca-se demonstrar que o tratamento justo e equitativo deve possuir apenas um caráter procedimental, não material, sob pena de esvaziar o conteúdo do estândar e das possibilidades de apreciação valorativa pelos tribunais.

  6. O novo código civil e a sociedade limitada na região do meio oeste catarinense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ireneu Finger Junior

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available As sociedades constituídas sob a forma de cotas com responsabilidade limitada formam a absoluta maioria das empresas da região da AMMOC. Portanto, é um segmento representativo na economia regional. Estas organizações passaram a ser regidas a partir de 11 de janeiro de 2003, pelo Novo Código Civil, que revogou o antigo Decreto 3.708/1919, trazendo aos empresários a necessidade de uma adaptação à nova norma, que em alguns de seus pontos, veio gerar polêmica, pois trouxe forte impacto no quadro social e na forma com que foram constituídas anteriormente à vigência do Novo Código. O presente estudo traz uma análise efetuada em 1.061 sociedades limitadas da região da AMMOC, que teve por objetivo ao observação dos ajustes efetuados nos contratos sociais, bem como as causas destes ajustes, após a vigência do Novo Código Civil. Para tanto, foi utilizada como embasamento teórico a nova legislação civil, de forma específica no que trata do direito de empresa, e demais referências bibliográficas surgidas após a vigência do novo pergaminho civilista brasileiro, que deram suporte à formulação do questionário aplicado nas empresas pesquisadas. Os resultados a pontaram alguns dos fatores que proporcionaram às empresas a revisão de seus estatutos, sendo que a maioria não foi efetuada em razão da adaptação à nova norma, então exigida pelo Novo Código Civil. The societies constituted by quotas form with limited responsibilities are the majority absolute ofcompanies constituted in AMMOC region. Therefore, they are a representative segment in thelocal economy. These companies have been under the shelter of the New Civil Code, in January11, 2003, which has revoked the old Decree 3.708/1919, bringing to the entrepreneurs thenecessity of an adjustment to the new models and rules, which in some points have caused somecontroversies, once the rules would cause a strong impact in the social conjuncture and the formin which they

  7. Governança na internet: um estudo sobre o Marco Civil brasileiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Vilela Rodrigues Rezende

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo tiene como propósito realizar un estudio sobre la legislación que rige el uso de Internet en Brasil, en el Marco Civil de Internet (Ley 12.965/2014. Se trata de una investigación descriptiva, de naturaleza cua litativa, basada en recopilación bibliográfica y estudio comparativo. Se ex pone inicialmente un breve histórico de Internet en Brasil y su panorama actual. Luego, se presenta el concepto de gobernanza en Internet y los su cesos que marcaron las discusiones acerca de esta temática. Se aborda el Marco Civil de Internet en Brasil, el histórico de su creación y los principios que lo rigen. Se concluye que es un importante instrumento oficial regla mentario para asegurar la libertad y los derechos del usuario. Su concep ción se fundamentó en la participación de la sociedad civil, lo que puede considerarse inédito en lo que se refiere a la creación de leyes reglamenta rias. Se considera que esta sea una ley sofisticada en cuanto a sus directri ces, lo que la vuelve una de las más progresistas del mundo. Pese a todo lo anterior, su trayectoria democrática de creación le otorga un carácter ge neralista y superficial.

  8. Distribution of wetlands in Argentina estimated from soil charts = Distribuição de áreas úmidas na Argentina, estimada a partir de mapas de solo

    OpenAIRE

    Patricia Kandus; Priscilla Minotti; Ana Inés Malvárez

    2008-01-01

    We generated a map of wetlands in Argentina from the digital edition of the National Soil Inventory made by the National Institute of Agricultural Technology (Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, INTA). Potential wetland areas were extracted from the map after an exhaustive analysis of the database and reassignment of the soil classes, by taking into account 1) soil taxonomic classes; 2) constraining factors (waterlogging, flooding, drainage impairment); and 3) cartographic categori...

  9. Governança na internet: um estudo sobre o Marco Civil brasileiro

    OpenAIRE

    Laura Vilela Rodrigues Rezende; Meyrielle Rodrigues de Lima

    2016-01-01

    El trabajo tiene como propósito realizar un estudio sobre la legislación que rige el uso de Internet en Brasil, en el Marco Civil de Internet (Ley 12.965/2014). Se trata de una investigación descriptiva, de naturaleza cua litativa, basada en recopilación bibliográfica y estudio comparativo. Se ex pone inicialmente un breve histórico de Internet en Brasil y su panorama actual. Luego, se presenta el concepto de gobernanza en Internet y los su cesos que marcaron ...

  10. Networks in Argentine agriculture: a multiple-case study approach Redes en la agricultura argentina: un estudio de caso múltiple Redes na agricultura argentina: um estudo de caso múltiplo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastián Senesi

    2013-06-01

    fomentaron el desarrollo de la agricultura argentina y la introducción de innovaciones de productos y tecnologías (siembra directa, mayor uso de agroquímicos, cultivos transgénicos, GPS y las nuevas inversiones en plantas de crushing en soja y girasol. Además de los cambios tecnológicos, una revolución silenciosa tuvo lugar en la producción agrícola: de la agricultura de autoproducción o propiedad a una agricultura basada en el contrato. El objeto en este trabajo es explorar y describir la aparición de redes en el sector de producción agrícola en Argentina. Se presentan y describen cuatro casos que actualmente representan aproximadamente el 50% del total de siembra de granos en el país: forma híbrida informal, fideicomiso, estructura orientada hacia los inversores y red de redes. En todos los casos, se analizan las formas híbridas que involucran a un grupo de actores unidos por objetivos comunes, principalmente con el fin de aumentar la escala de producción, compartir recursos y mejorar la rentabilidad del negocio. Estas formas de organización son muy flexibles y muestran una gran capacidad de adaptación a los desafíos. Además, son competitivas porque cuentan con incentivos alineados y flexibilidad.A Argentina está entre os quatro maiores produtores de soja, girassol, milho e trigo, entre outros produtos agrícolas. As mudanças institucionais e políticas na década de 1990 incentivaram o desenvolvimento da agricultura na Argentina e na introdução de inovações de produtos e tecnologias (plantio direto, aumento do uso de agrotóxicos, transgênicos, GPS e novos investimentos em plantas de crushing em soja e girassol. Além de mudanças tecnológicas, uma revolução silenciosa ocorreu na produção agrícola: de uma agricultura de autoprodução ou propriedade para uma agricultura com base no contrato. O objetivo neste trabalho é explorar e descrever o surgimento de redes no setor de produção agrícola na Argentina. São apresentados e descritos

  11. A COORDENAÇÃO DE PROJETOS SUBCONTRATADOS NA CONSTRUÇÃO CIVIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Seiko Okamoto

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho de caráter qualitativo tem como finalidade destacar, por meio de um estudo de caso, as vantagens estratégicas e a importância da atividade de Coordenação de Projetos de Edifícios (CPE em uma empresa incorporadora e construtora de edifícios dentro de um contexto de desenvolvimento de projetos subcontratados. Frente a este objetivo e procurando demonstrar a prática da atividade de CPE, realizou-se uma pesquisa de campo, na qual informações foram coletadas com a análise de documentos utilizados pela coordenação de projetos e com a realização de entrevistas em uma empresa especializada em empreendimentos residenciais. Verificou-se, neste estudo de caso, que a CPE possui grande relevância, uma vez que interfere na organização do trabalho, estimulando uma maior integração, colaboração e redução de prazos no desenvolvimento de projetos, propiciando um maior alinhamento das atividades de projeto e dos projetistas subcontratados com os interesses e necessidades da empresa contratante. Entretanto, ao final da pesquisa, concluiu-se que o desempenho de projetos terceirizados e as vantagens estratégicas potencialmente propiciadas pela CPE podem ser comprometidos pela maneira como as contratações de projetistas são formuladas e conduzidas.

  12. Main diseases of pejerrey (Odontesthes bonariensis in central Argentina Principais enfermidades do peixe-rei (Odontesthes bonariensis registradas na Argentina Central

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Mancini

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Argentina's central region includes an important area covered by shallow pampean lakes and dams. In these environments, fishing of pejerrey Odontesthes bonariensis Valenciennes, 1835 (Pisces, Atherinopsidae, the most important fresh-water fish of the country, is a relevant social activity and also a considerable economic resource. The main diseases found in this species were studied from 1992 to 2003 in the provinces of Córdoba, La Rioja and Santa Fe (30º and 35º S, 61º and 67º W. Most cases were registered in high temperature months. Lernaea sp and Aeromonas hydrophila were the etiological agents most frequently found. The trophic characteristics of the aquatic environments enhanced disease processes and caused massive death of O. bonariensis, due to complex hydrochemical interactions.A região central de Argentina possui uma importante superfície coberta por represas e lagunas pampianas. Nestes ambientes, a pesca do peixe-rei Odontesthes bonariensis Valenciennes, 1835 (Pisces, Atherinopsidae, peixe de água doce mais importante do país, é uma atividade social relevante e de significado valor econômico. Estudaram-se as principais enfermidades que afetaram esta espécie de peixe no período de 1992-2003, nas províncias de Córdoba, La Rioja e Santa Fe (30 e 35ºS, 61 e 67ºW. A maior quantidade de casos foi registrada nos meses de temperaturas elevadas. Lernaea sp e Aeromonas hydrophila foram os agentes etiológicos mais importantes. As características tróficas particulares dos ambientes aquáticos estudados foram importantes por potenciarem alguns casos, mas em outros a causa da mortandade dos peixes esteve relacionada a complexas interações hidroquímicas.

  13. Quem é a sociedade civil? Diferentes perspectivas na visão de organizações ambientalistas e de atores estatais no governo Lula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiana Losekann

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O artigo trata dos diversos entendimentos acerca de quem faz parte da sociedade civil nos discursos de atores estatais e de organizações da sociedade civil no contexto da temática ambiental durante o governo Lula. Os dados são de entrevistas realizadas com organizações ambientalistas, assim como atores políticos do Ministério do Meio Ambiente e outros setores do governo Lula com alguma vinculação à questão ambiental. A análise aponta para um entendimento - do lado do governo - ampliado de sociedade civil, incluindo desde organizações e movimentos sociais de diversas temáticas extrapolando a ambiental, e que inclui, em certos momentos, setores empresariais e sindicatos. Por outro lado, as organizações ambientalistas demonstram um entendimento mais hermético do conceito, do qual fazem parte, fundamentalmente, ONGs e movimentos sociais, mas com grande diferenciação de atuação. Esses aspectos trazem conseqüências para as relações estabelecidas entre Estado - sociedade civil e, principalmente, para os limites e funções de cada um. Assim, levantam questões sobre o papel esperado da sociedade civil no mundo contemporâneo - seus desafios na tentativa de participar e nfluenciar na política sem perder a sua identidade constitutiva. Palavras-chave: Sociedade civil; Organizações ambientalistas; Política ambiental; Participação política. Abstract The present paper concerns the several viewpoints on who comprises the civil society in the rhetoric of state actors and civil society organizations in the context of the environmental issue during the Lula administration. The data were gathered from interviews with environmental organizations as well as political actors from Ministry for the Environmental and other government sectors with some connection to the environmental issue. The analysis suggests an expanded understanding - on the government side - of civil society, including social movements and organizations

  14. A Petrobrás e as reformas do setor de petróleo e gás no Brasil e na Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Gabriel Ferreira

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available A consolidação da Petrobras enquanto companhia transnacional ocorre em um momento de intensificação do processo de internacionalização das empresas brasileiras. Uma das características dos investimentos internacionais de países em desenvolvimento é que eles se concentram em sua própria região. Esse é o caso do Brasil, que destina uma parte importante de seus investimentos no exterior à América do Sul, especialmente à Argentina, onde o Brasil tornou-se um dos maiores investidores estrangeiros. A Petrobras Energía S.A., subsidiária da estatal brasileira e segunda maior empresa petrolífera do país vizinho, tornou-se um ator econômico importante, com atividades em todos os segmentos do setor energético. O objetivo deste artigo consiste em analisar os investimentos da Petrobras na Argentina, entre 2000 e 2005, seu contexto e suas motivações. Para isso, avaliamos a relação entre o processo de internacionalização da empresa e as reformas do setor de petróleo e gás em ambos os países. Constatamos que as vantagens institucionais de localização motivaram a Petrobrás a eleger a Argentina como base de suas atividades na região: do ponto de vista das regras formais, o país proporcionava um ambiente institucional favorável aos investimentos estrangeiros, já que desde o início do projeto de reforma do setor de petróleo e gás argentino, a idéia central era de internacionalizá-lo, permitindo a entrada e saída de empresas estrangeiras e expondo o mercado interno ao mercado internacional.

  15. Dictadura militar y sociedad civil. Clase media y responsabilidad colectiva en novelas argentinas de las últimas dos décadas

    OpenAIRE

    Viviana Plotnik

    2016-01-01

    Este trabajo analiza tres novelas argentinas: El secreto y las voces de Carlos Gamerro (2002), El colectivo de Eugenia Almeida (2009) y Lo que nosotras sabíamos de María Inés Krimer (2009), que reconstruyen asesinatos cometidos por el Estado durante la dictadura militar que gobernó en los setenta. Estos crímenes aparecen configurados como ritos de sacrificio en los cuales un chivo expiatorio es depositario de una violencia que evita otra mayor y cohesiona a la comunidad. Los textos también co...

  16. Changes in soil organic matter under different land management in misiones province (Argentina Mudanças na matéria orgânica edafica sob diferentes manejos de solo na província de misiones (Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Agustín Piccolo

    2008-01-01

    altamente intemperizados dos trópicos perdem rapidamente matéria orgânica do solo (SOM e podem ser afetados pela erosão hídrica e compactação depois de seu deflorestamento e agricultura contínua. O objetivo foi determinar a dinâmica da matéria orgânica do solo com capim-elefante (Pennisetum purpureum L. em um Kandihumult da província de Misiones (Argentina após desmatamento e cultivo contínuo de erva-mate (Ilex paraguaiensis Saint Hil., utilizando a metodologia da abundância natural em carbono 13 (13C e um modelo descritivo. O estudo foi conduzido em três parcelas contíguas de 50 x 100 m. As situações comparadas foram: (a floresta nativa, e (b local com 50 anos de monocultivo intensivo de erva- mate, e (c erva-mate associada com capim-elefante como cultivo de cobertura sob plantio direto. Determinaram-se os conteúdos de carbono (C, de nitrogênio (N e de 13C e a densidade aparente do solo (camadas 0 - 0,05 e 0.05 - 0,15 m e a biomassa da gramínea. Depois de 50 anos de monocultivo de erva-mate, os conteúdos de C e N e a porosidade da camada 0 - 0,15 m da floresta nativa diminuíram em 42, 47 e 23%, respectivamente. Depois de 10 anos de associação erva-mate - capim-elefante, os conteúdos de C e N do solo e na mesma profundidade aumentaram em relação ao monocultivo de erva-mate em 19 e 12%, respectivamente, mas a porosidade não foi modificada. O aporte de C, o 13C e o C orgânico total do solo foram incorporados em um modelo de três compartimentos para avaliar a dinâmica do C proveniente do capim-elefante. A metodologia da abundância natural em 13C permitiu traçar a incorporação do C proveniente do capim-elefante e a perda do C "velho" no solo, e determinar sem ambigüidade os parâmetros do modelo: coeficiente de humificação (k1, coeficiente de mineralização da fração ativa de C (k e o C estável (Cs. Os altos valores de k1 e k preditos pelo modelo foram atribuídos à alta contribuição do sistema radicular do capim-elefante sob

  17. A legitimidade ativa do ministério público na ação civil pública

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Mendes

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study has the objective to debate civil procedural rules and how they have been used in the collective actions, the present work chose the theme of the legitimacy it activates of the Ministry I Publish in the Public Civil Action. The relative subjects were approached to the Ministry I Publish as author, as fiscal of the law, in the case of abandonment or cessation of the public civil action and, finally, the controversy possibility of the united performance among the State and Federal public prosecution service.O objetivo de aprofundar o estudo e o debate de regras processuais que vêm sendo utilizadas nas ações coletivas, o presente trabalho elegeu o tema da legitimidade ativa do Ministério Público na Ação Civil Pública. Foram abordadas as questões relativas ao Ministério Público como autor, como fiscal da lei, no caso de abandono ou desistência da ação civil pública e, finalmente, a polêmica possibilidade da atuação conjunta entre o Ministério Público Estadual e Federal.

  18. Sentidos de “revolução” e “revolución” na imprensa escrita golpista do Brasil (1964 e da Argentina (1966

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Alejandra Vitale

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo percorremos as conexões teóricas que podem ser estabelecidas entre o dialogismo do Círculo de Bakhtin e alguns aspectos da teoria do discurso de Michel Pêcheux, considerando a leitura que Jacqueline Authier-Revuz fez de ambos em sua proposta sobre as heterogeneidades enunciativas. Também nos propomos a descrever os sentidos adquiridos pela palavra “revolução” nos editoriais e comentários dos jornais O Globo e Folha de S. Paulo que tematizaram no Brasil o golpe de Estado de 31 de março de 1964 e compará-los com o que aconteceu na imprensa escrita argentina com a palavra “revolución” frente ao golpe militar de 28 de junho de 1966.

  19. O uso de placas de tetrapak como uma alternativa sustentável na construção civil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Antonio Perrone Ferreira Brito

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A indústria da construção civil, devido a sua grande influência nas atividades econômicas, é responsável pelo consumo dematéria-prima não renovável em grande escala sendo, portanto parte fundamental para que se consiga um desenvolvimentosustentável. Os materiais reciclados surgem como opção para a preservação destes recursos. O sistema modular também se adapta asnecessidades da construção sustentável já que seu processo construtivo resulta na racionalização da obra reduzindo perdas, custosfacilitando a inserção do material no mercado. O objetivo deste trabalho é desenvolver um sistema construtivo modular produzido complacas de argamassa de cimento, areia e caixas recicladas tetrapak. Foi desenvolvida uma proposta de planta padrão para umaresidência com 45m2 onde as vedações e divisórias internas são moduladas e construídas por placas pré-fabricadas de dimensõespadronizadas. Estas placas foram produzidas com duas espessuras diferentes de maneira que se pudesse avaliar sua massa final eresistência a compressão. Os resultados obtidos foram comparados com NBR 6136 (2008 Blocos vazados de concreto simples paraalvenaria - Requisitos. Um modelo de edificação foi construído neste sistema de maneira que se pudesse avaliar sua durabilidade,resistência as intempéries e conforto ambiental.Abstract Due to its strong influence over the economicactivities, the civil construction industry is responsible for thelarge-scale consumption of non-renewable raw materials and byconsequence being an important part of any sustainabledevelopment model. The recycled materials appear as an optionfor preservation of resources. The modular system also fits thenecessities of the sustainable construction since its operativeprocess results in a rationalization of needed man power,reducing losses, costs and facilitating the insertion of the recycledmaterials into the market. The objective of this work is todevelop a modular constructive

  20. Dictadura militar y sociedad civil. Clase media y responsabilidad colectiva en novelas argentinas de las últimas dos décadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviana Plotnik

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza tres novelas argentinas: El secreto y las voces de Carlos Gamerro (2002, El colectivo de Eugenia Almeida (2009 y Lo que nosotras sabíamos de María Inés Krimer (2009, que reconstruyen asesinatos cometidos por el Estado durante la dictadura militar que gobernó en los setenta. Estos crímenes aparecen configurados como ritos de sacrificio en los cuales un chivo expiatorio es depositario de una violencia que evita otra mayor y cohesiona a la comunidad. Los textos también constituyen una condena a las clases medias que habrían facilitado o apoyado el terrorismo de Estado. This work analyzes three Argentine novels:El secreto y las voces by Carlos Gamerro (2002, El colectivo by Eugenia Almeida (2009 and Lo que nosotras sabíamos by María Inés Krimer (2009, which reconstruct murders committed by the State during the military dictatorship that governed the country in the seventies. These crimes are configured as ritual sacrifices by which violence is focused on a scapegoat, thus avoiding a greater violence and uniting the community. The texts also condemn the middle classes for having facilitated or supported State terrorism.

  1. Redes e Capacidade de Ação na Sociedade Civil. O caso de São Paulo - Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gurza Lavalle, Adrian

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Despite the notable political and analytical popularity of the concept of “civil society” in recent years, we know surprisingly little about the modus operandi of real civil organizations, even those that have been highlighted constantly in the literature because of their unprecedented leading role. Against this backdrop and using network analysis which was applied to the result of a survey of 202 civil organizations in the city of São Paulo, this article identifies the main leading actors within civil society and above all their different logics of performance and the dynamics of interaction amongst them. Our findings showed, as one would expect from the literature, that the NGOs comprise the group of actors with the greatest capacity for action within the network; however, little or no attention has been paid to the coordinating bodies which the research reveals as a recent innovation in the creation of collective actors—an innovation which has been notably successful. Moreover, the social movements emerged as the most central actors in the network, despite the supposed loss of their leading role as has been diagnosed and taken for granted in the literature since the 1990’s. The three types of actors accumulate different structural advantages within the universe of civil organizations; they fulfill different roles and differ in importance to civil organizations that are peripheral or of intermediate centrality in the network.

  2. Argentina’s quarter century experiment with neoliberalism: from dictatorship to depression Experimento de um quarto de século de Neoliberalismo na Argentina: da ditadura à depressão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Cooney

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Argentina set a new historical mark in 2002, having experienced the largest debt default by any country ever. In order to understand how Argentina could go from one of the most developed countries of the Third World, to experiencing the crisis of 2001 and then enter a depression in 2002 with over half the population living in poverty, requires an evaluation of the last quarter century of economic policies in Argentina. The shift toward neoliberalism began during the dictatorship of 1976, deepened during the Menem administration, and was supported throughout by the IMF. This paper aims to identify why the crisis occurred when it did, but also to understand how the underlying shifts in the political economy of Argentina over more than two decades led to two waves of deindustrialization, an explosion of foreign debt and such a marked decline in the standard of living for the majority of Argentinians.Em 2002, a Argentina atingiu um novo marco histórico, ao experimentar o maior default da dívida externa, não somente pela sua própria história, mas também do mundo. Para compreender como a Argentina deixou de ser um país mais desenvolvido de terceiro mundo até experimentar a crise de 2001, entrando depois numa depressão em 2002, com mais da metade da população abaixo da linha de pobreza, precisamos fazer uma avaliação das políticas econômicas durante o último quarto de século na Argentina. A virada ao neoliberalismo começou durante a ditadura no ano 1976, tendo se aprofundado no governo Menem e sempre apoiada pelo FMI. Este trabalho tentará identificar porque a crise ocorreu naquele momento, e também, compreender as mudanças subjacentes na economia política durante duas décadas na Argentina, as quais que desencadearam duas ondas de desindustrialização, uma explosão da dívida externa e uma deterioração bem marcante no padrão de vida para a maioria dos argentinos.

  3. "Sociedade civil global": agentes não estatais e espaço de interação na sociedade política "Global civil society": non-state agents and space of interaction in political society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Coutinho Lage

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo visa compreender o conceito de sociedade civil global, a partir de um diálogo entre o construtivismo em Relações Internacionais e o pensador francês Michel Foucault. Dividido em três seções seguidas por uma conclusão, o texto almeja inserir-se em um espaço acadêmico de profunda contestação das bases filosóficas que permeiam as teorias convencionais nas ciências sociais e, em especial, nas Relações Internacionais. A primeira seção dedica-se à discussão acerca da sociedade civil global como espaço de interação agente-estrutura; na seção subsequente, ao conceito como um conjunto heterogêneo de agentes não estatais de escopo global. A terceira seção funde as duas partes da definição. Assim, propõem-se duas dimensões definidoras da sociedade civil global: na primeira, como espaço político; na segunda, como conjunto de agentes de características específicas. Por fim, uma breve conclusão encerra o texto - mas não a polêmica da discussão. Conclui-se que o contexto contemporâneo é marcado por uma complexidade de tal magnitude que torna urgente uma abordagem que evite oposições binárias e fronteiras ontológicas naturalizadas e reificadas, estando, assim, apta a interpretar de maneira mais adequada as relações sociais e políticas atuais.This article aims at understanding the concept of global civil society, from a dialogue between constructivism in International Relations and the French thinker Michel Foucault. Divided in three sections, followed by a conclusion, the text intends to insert itself in an academic space of a profound contestation concerning the philosophical basis of the conventional theories in the social sciences and, specially, in International Relations. The first section is dedicated to the discussion about global civil society as a space of agent-structure interaction; the next section treats the concept as a heterogeneous set of non-state agents of global scope. The

  4. A SOCIEDADE CIVIL PODE MUDAR O JORNALISMO? A experiência do jornalismo de defesa civil na América Latina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvio Waisbord

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Após estudos recentes sobre a “teoria do campo” e o “institucionalismo novo” nos estudos sobre jornalismo (Benson, 2004, 2006, a premissa inicial deste artigo é que a imprensa mantém vínculos com três campos externos: os estados, os mercados e a sociedade civil. Os vínculos são formados tanto pelas relações estruturais quanto pelas práticas de fazer notícias. Os fatores estruturais como propriedade, financiamento e legislação determinam as conexões das organizações noticiosas com os estados, as empresas e os protagonistas civis. Os processos de produção e consumo de notícias envolvendo as redações, as fontes e as audiências afetam também a intensidade das relações entre a imprensa e os campos externos.

  5. Study of reuse drill cuttings as aggregate in the civil construction industry; Estudo para reaproveitamento do cascalho de perfuracao como agregado na industria da construcao civil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neder, L.T.C. [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Exploracao e Producao. Seguranca, Meio Ambiente e Saude; Santos, E.; Bezerra, M.T.A.; Farias, J.G.; Felizardo, A.; Santos, A.S.; Ribeiro, J.C. [PETROBRAS, Natal/Fortaleza, RN/CE (Brazil). Unidade de Negocio; Curti, R.; Suto, A.J. [Associacao Brasileira de Cimento Portland, Jaguare, SP (Brazil)

    2004-07-01

    This study was conducted to verify technical feasibility in reusing drill cuttings originated in oil and gas exploration and production to produce concrete or mortar elements. It consisted of physical and chemical characterization of all items used to build field-cured cement samples - drill cuttings, cement and used aggregates; evaluation of resistance; environmental behavior and classification of the resultant materials. The results had demonstrated the reuse of drill cuttings is possible from both technical and environmental perspective and the ratio of concrete or mortar can be customized according to physical and mechanical needs of end products. In the civil construction elements can be built and used as road basis, ground-cement base, blocks and bricks and other non-structural elements. The application of these elements in E and P operations include containment walls for onshore wells, collecting stations, pipeline brackets, supports and hold-down anchors as well as road pavement and access. From the standpoint of chemical safety, the resultant elements made-up from drill cuttings had demonstrated no potential risk for hydrocarbon leaching (TPH), Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH's), Volatile Organic Compounds (BTEX), Phenols nor Metals. From these results many improvements in the E and P waste management can be established, bringing both economy and greater environment protection measures for the Oil and Gas Exploration and Production operations. (author)

  6. Multiple infections and associated risk factors among non-injecting cocaine users in Argentina Infecciones múltiples y factores de riesgo asociados entre usuarios de cocaína no inyectable en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Rossi

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to estimate the seroprevalence rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV, core antibody, hepatitis C virus (HCV, and syphilis infections and analyze associated risk factors among 504 non-injecting cocaine users (NICU in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Participants were interviewed in face-to-face sessions through a short structured questionnaire. Using venipuncture, 10mL of blood was collected. Seroprevalence rates were: HIV (6.3%, HBV (9%, HCV (7.5%, and VDRL (4.2%. The risk of being infected with HIV, HBV, and HCV was significantly associated with having had a sex partner who was either a drug injector or who was known to be HIV positive. HIV and HCV infections were associated with former imprisonment, and HCV was associated with having been tattooed. Because of the rising number of NICU and the multiple infections detected, it is essential to implement prevention strategies focused on this population.El propósito de este estudio era estimar los índices de seroprevalencia del virus de inmunodeficiencia humano (VIH, virus de la hepatitis B (VHB, anticuerpo core, virus de la hepatitis C (VHC e infecciones de sífilis y analizar factores de riesgo asociados entre 504 usuarios de cocaína no inyectable (UCNI en la ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Se entrevistó a los participantes en sesiones cara a cara a través de un cuestionario estructurado corto. Usando el método de la venipunción se recogieron 10mL de sangre. Las tasas de seroprevalencia fueron: VIH (6,3%, VHB (9%, VHC (7,5%, y VDRL (4,2%. El riesgo de infección por VIH, VHB, y VHC se asoció significativamente a mantener relaciones sexuales con un compañero/a que era consumidor de la droga inyectada o que era conocido por ser VIH positivo. Las infecciones de VIH y de VHC se asociaron a haber estado encarcelado anteriormente, y la de VHC se asoció también a haber sido tatuado. Debido al número creciente de UCNI y a las infecciones m

  7. Comportamento do consumidor de frutas na região da fronteira oeste do Rio Grande Do Sul com Argentina e Uruguai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roseli de Mello Farias

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo identificar o perfil do consumidor, caracterizar a frequência, os principais hábitos de consumo de frutas e analisar os fatores que interferem no consumo da população residente na Fronteira Oeste do Rio Grande do Sul com Argentina e Uruguai. Foi realizada em 2012 uma pesquisa de caráter exploratório, transversal e de base populacional, constituindo-se na aplicação de questionários à população residente nos municípios de Uruguaiana, Itaqui, São Borja e Santana do Livramento. A mostra foi constituída de 400 consumidores entre as quatro cidades estudadas. Os resultados indicam que apenas 1/3 dos entrevistados consomem frutas diariamente, sendo o consumo mais frequente entre as mulheres. O local preferencial de compra das frutas para consumo ocorre em supermercados. Dentre os motivos que levam as pessoas a consumirem frutas, destaca-se a distinção da fruta como um alimento saudável, sendo a aparência o critério mais adotado na escolha das frutas. As principais frutas consumidas pelos entrevistados na região são as bananas, maçãs, laranjas, mamões e mangas, respectivamente. A redução do preço, a criação do hábito e a melhoria da qualidade das frutas são os fatores preponderantes para que ocorra aumento do consumo de frutas nesta região.

  8. Efeito do manejo de plantas daninhas no desenvolvimento inicial de Pinus taeda em várzeas na Argentina Effect of weed management on the initial development of Pinus taeda in low flatlands of Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edison Bisognin Cantarelli

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Realizou-se um estudo sobre o efeito de cobertura e períodos de manejo de plantas daninhas em plantios no ano de 1999 de Pinus taeda, localizados na Província de Corrientes, Argentina. Em razão das características da área, várzeas, foram construídos camalhões de 1,80 m de largura por 0,60 m de altura para o plantio das mudas e, a seguir, instaladas parcelas com três fileiras de 12 plantas em cada uma no espaçamento de 1,75 m entre as mudas e 4,0 m entre o centro dos camalhões. Foram medidas somente as 10 plantas do camalhão central, com o objetivo de avaliar o efeito de diferentes modalidades e intensidades de manejo de plantas daninhas na sobrevivência (%, no desenvolvimento inicial em altura (cm, no diâmetro do colo (cm e no fator de produtividade (cm³ das mudas de Pinus taeda. Avaliaram-se as modalidades de controle: controle químico na linha do plantio (camalhão e controle químico em área total sendo avaliados por dois períodos: um ano e dois anos de controle, tendo ainda uma testemunha, sem nenhum controle. O delineamento estatístico do experimento foi em blocos ao acaso, com três repetições. Diferenças significativas foram obtidas entre os tratamentos de controle químico em relação ao sem controle. Os resultados levaram à conclusão de que é benéfico o controle por dois períodos e que não houve diferença quanto às modalidades de controle (camalhão e área total. As mudas de Pinus taeda foram submetidas ao teste de Tukey para analise da sobrevivência e não apresentaram diferença significativa a 5% de probabilidade de erro nas médias.A study on the effect of vegetation cover and weed management periods on plantings of Pinus taeda was carried out in the Province of Corrientes, Argentina, in 1999. Due to the area characteristics, low flatlands, 1.80 m wide x 0.60 m high ridges were built for seedling planting. Following, plots with 3 rows of 12 plants each, at the spacing of 1.75 m between plants and 4 m

  9. Comunitarismo, sociedade civil e a reforma da educação na era FHC (1995-2002/Communitarianism, civil society and the education reforms in Brazil during the Fernando Henrique Cardoso government (1995-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidney Reinaldo da Silva

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute a relação entre as reformas da educação e a concepção de sociedde civil na era FHC, a partir de uma crítica ao comunitarismo. Apontamos que a concepção de formação humana pressuposta nas reformas do período em questão, voltada para a aprendizagem do trade off econômico e moral (ajudar os pobres como forma de compensar os benefícios recebidos pela sociedade, como o emprego, bolsas de estudos coaduna-se com o neoliberalismo e com o reforço da histórica cisão “moral” da sociedade brasileira. This paper argues the relationship between education reforms and the civil society conception in Brazil during the Fernando Henrique Cardoso government (1995-2002. We analizes the communitarian people moral formation conception of such reforms showing how it harmonises with the neoliberal values like the exigence of the apprenticeship of the economic and moral trade-off: the market rationality. But such a trend does not help the brazilian people eliminate his historical moral cision grounded on deep economic inequalities conected with an “imoral” social subornination even for liberal values.

  10. Liabilities in E and P contracts; Responsabilidade civil na prestacao de servicos nos contratos de E e P

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gondinho, Andre Osorio [Escritorio Doria, Jacobina, Rosado e Gondinho Advogados Associados, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    The purpose of this article is to debate legal controversies and propose solutions to issues related to the civil liability (contractual and extra-contractual) in the rendering of services in Exploration and Production (E and P) contracts, aiming at minimizing risks and reducing excessive costs for the concessionaires and service providers in the Brazilian Oil and Gas Industry. (author)

  11. OS DESAFIOS DA JURISDIÇÃO NA (RE APROXIMAÇÃO ENTRE CONSTITUIÇÃO E DIREITO PROCESSUAL CIVIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Feiten Nunes

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho propõe-se a traçar questionamentos acerca da possível (reaproximação entre o atual paradigma constitucional e o exercício da jurisdição processual civil. A problemática reside, com efeito, na constatação teórica de incongruências ideológicas havidas no âmbito do direito processual civil brasileiro em contraposição à carga valorativa prevista na Constituição Federal de 1988. No ponto, através da exploração do método histórico e dedutivo, percebeu-se que o modelo processual vigente congrega valores individualistas, patrimonialistas e liberais, por meio dos quais o juiz/intérprete torna-se mero declarante do direito, sem preocupar-se conscientemente com a sua realização efetiva no mundo empírico. O que se vislumbra, no entanto, a partir dos parâmetros valorativos trazidos pela Carta Magna de 1988, é a necessidade de aprimoramento de tal sistema jurisdicional, sempre tendo em vista a preocupação de resguardar e dar efetividade e coesão aos direitos e garantias fundamentais assegurados pela Carta Política.

  12. Gestão de resíduos sólidos na construção civil: uma análise do relatório GRI de empresas listadas na BM&FBOVESPA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Frigo Souza

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Uma das áreas em ascensão no Brasil é a construção civil, o qual é um setor que gera impactos ambientais, dentre eles, um número elevado de resíduos sólidos. Em razão disso, este estudo tem como objetivos identificar e avaliar o que as empresas do ramo da construção civil listadas na BM&FBOVESPA evidenciam em seus relatórios de sustentabilidade relativamente à gestão de seus resíduos. Para atender aos objetivos propostos, foram pesquisados os relatórios de sustentabilidade das empresas listadas na BM&FBOVESPA do setor de construção civil. Os resultados mostraram que pequena parte do total de empresas listadas divulga o relatório de sustentabilidade e que, das duas empresas identificadas, após a análise das informações efetivamente divulgadas, uma apresentou dados referentes a 96% dos itens da Categoria Ambiental da Global Reporting Initiative (GRI, e a outra apresentou apenas 19% dos itens. Além disso, em ambas as empresas foram identificados itens em que a divulgação foi feita de forma parcial ou sequer foi feita. O estudo conclui que mesmo a construção civil sendo uma área em expansão e geradora de resíduos, são poucas as empresas que apresentam relatório socioambiental.  

  13. Health management practices and disease prevalence in dairy sheep systems in Argentina Práticas de manejo sanitário e frequência de doenças em ovinos leiteiros na Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor H. Suárez

    2009-11-01

    studies.Foi realizado um levantamento longitudinal em 19 fazendas de ovinos leiteiros na Argentina com o objetivo de conhecer práticas de manejo, medidas sanitárias e ocorrência e freqüência das enfermidades. O levantamento incluiu 40% de todas as fazendas do país que produzem leite ovino. Um questionário foi utilizado com entrevistas pessoais com os ovinocultores durante visita às fazendas. A percentagem de fazendas que relataram vacinação rotineira contra clostridioses, ectima contagioso, pneumonia e administração parenteral de minerais e vitaminas foi 63%, 47,3%, 16,6% e 42,1%, respectivamente. Parte dos produtores (37,5% realizava tratamento regularmente contra piolhos e 89,5% contra nematódeos gastrintestinais. O número médio de tratamentos anti-helmínticos anuais, por fazenda, era de 2,26+1,78. Em 68,4% dos rebanhos leiteiros o Califórnia Mastite Teste (CMT era regularmente realizado e 55,6% dos produtores colhiam amostras de seus rebanhos uma vez por ano para diagnóstico de Brucella ovis. Durante o período de pré-acasalamento 68,4% e 50% dos produtores examinavam clinicamente seus carneiros e a condição geral e de dentes de suas ovelhas. O úbere das ovelhas era geralmente inspecionado no início da ordenha. Os principais problemas parasitários eram nematódeos gastrintestinais (mencionado por 57,9% dos produtores, piolhos (57,9% e sarna (10,5% e as doenças infecciosas mais frequentes foram ectima contagioso (73,7%, pneumonia e outros problemas respiratórios (57,9%, mastite clínica (55,6%, clostridioses (36,9% e laminite (35,2%. Fotossensibilização (47,4% e acidose ruminal (42,1% foram relatadas como as principais desordens tóxicas ou metabólicas. Na visão dos produtores, a expectativa de vida produtiva ou o tempo de produção de leite por ovelha era de 4,5+1,4 anos. A mortalidade perinatal foi de 8,5% e a taxa de mortalidade total do rebanho, depois das primeiras 24 horas de vida, foi de 6,9%. As altas taxas de mortalidade de

  14. Precarização do trabalho e risco de acidentes na construção civil: um estudo com base na Análise Coletiva do Trabalho (ACT) Work precariousness and risk of accidents in civil construction: a study based on the Collective Work Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Mara Alice Batista Conti Takahashi; Reginalice Cera da Silva; Luiz Eduardo Cobra Lacorte; Gislaine Cecília de Oliveira Ceverny; Rodolfo Andrade de Gouveia Vilela

    2012-01-01

    Este artigo descreve a atividade e a percepção dos trabalhadores da construção civil sobre os riscos e a carga de trabalho. O estudo, com base na Análise Coletiva de Trabalho (ACT), é parte de pesquisa em políticas públicas para aprimoramento do Sistema de Vigilância em Acidentes de Trabalho (SIVAT) de Piracicaba-SP. Priorizou-se a construção civil pela magnitude epidemiológica de ocorrência de acidentes de trabalho e a baixa eficácia das ações tradicionais de vigilância pelas características...

  15. A atuação do IBGE na evolução da cartografia civil no Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Claudio João Barreto dos; Castiglione, Luiz Henrique Guimarães

    2014-01-01

    O presente trabalho tem por objetivo analisar a evolução histórica da cartografia civil oficial brasileira, com foco nas atividades do IBGE, desde a fundação do CBG – Conselho Brasileiro de Geografia, em 1937, até a informatização da cartografia no início do século XXI. Como a densidade e a diversidade deste percurso histórico não podem ser esgotadas em um trabalho de curto alcance, aqui se pretende destacar e apreciar apenas os eventos mais marcantes e expressivos do percurso histórico que s...

  16. On Civility and Civilizations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DAVID GOSSET

    2010-01-01

    @@ At a time when misunderstand-ings between cultures run rampant, when walls of fear, prejudice and hatred divide the members of the human family, it is urgent to intensify the dialogue between civilizations. Under the new leadership of its Director General lrina Bokova, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) declared 2010 as the "Year for the Rapprochement of Cultures." In this context, the concerted reflections and actions of Europe and China can be highly meaningful.

  17. O planejamento tributário na construção civil: custo pago/incorrido X custo orçado

    OpenAIRE

    Cristiane Cardoso dos Santos Alves; Jádson Ricarte

    2007-01-01

    Artigo desenvolvido sob a ótica do planejamento tributário nas empresas de construção civil, tendo como para metro as Instruções Normativas números 84/79,23/83 67/88, expedidas pela Secretaria da Receita Federal, que disciplina mapuração do resultado desse ramo de atividade. Na Instrução Normativa 84/79encontra-se a conceituação as normas sobre assunto, inclusive os métodos de apuração do custo pago incorrido do custo orçado. As instruções seguintes trouxeram alterações no ãmbito do custo pag...

  18. Soil oribatid mite in four typical vegetation communities of Misiones forest in the Iguazú area, Argentina Ácaros oribatídeos do solo em quatro comunidades vegetais da floresta de Misiones, na região de Iguazú, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Antonio Martínez

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to assess the soil oribatid mite communities in four sites of the Upper Paraná Bosque Atlántico, in the Iguazú National Park, Argentina and in surrounding areas: bamboo forest, palm forest and two mixed forests. A comparison between each pair of sites, based on the presence-absence of oribatid species, was performed using Jaccard's index. This is the first systematic sampling of oribatid mites in this area. A total of 56 genera and 96 oribatid species were found, 25 and 49 of them, respectively, are new citation for Argentina. The highest similarity was found between mixed forests. Almost 68% and 34% of the genera were cited for similar biotopes in Brazil and Paraguay, respectively.O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar as comunidades de oribatídeos em quatro sítios da Mata Atlântica do Alto Paraná, na área do Parque Nacional Iguazú, Argentina, e em áreas adjacentes: floresta de bambu, floresta de palmito e duas florestas mistas. Foi feita uma comparação de cada par de sítios, com base na presença/ausência de oribatídeos, por meio do índice de Jaccard. Esta é a primeira amostragem sistemática dos oribatídeos dessa região. Cinquenta e seis gêneros e 96 espécies de oribatídeos foram encontrados, dos quais 25 e 49, respectivamente, são citados pela primeira vez para a Argentina. A maior similiraridade foi encontrada entre as duas florestas mistas. Quase 68% e 34% dos gêneros já foram coletados em biótopos similares no Brasil e no Paraguai, respectivamente.

  19. REUSE OF RICE HUSK ASH IN BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS = REAPROVEITAMENTO DA CINZA DE CASCA DE ARROZ NA CONSTRUÇÃO CIVIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Luis Akasaki

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The world population growth, coupled with technological advances achieved in recent years, generates high environmental contamination, both as associated with the greenhouse gas emission, as the high waste production without an appropriate place for its final disposal. Among the agricultural wastes, it can highlight the high amount of rice husk ash that is produced by the rice industry. One solution to avoid these problems is the reuse of rice husk ash in other sectors, such as building construction. This paper presents a brief review of the research that has being carried out in terms of reuse of rice husk ash in construction, more specifically, in concrete and mortar preparation. = O crescimento da população mundial, associado ao avanço tecnológico alcançado nos últimos anos, gera como consequência uma enorme contaminação meio ambiental, tanto no que se refere à emissão de gases tóxicos, quanto na produção de enormes quantidades de resíduos, sem um local apropriado para a sua disposição final. Entre os resíduos agrícolas, pode-se destacar a imensa quantidade de cinza de casca de arroz, produzida pela indústria do arroz. Uma das soluções para evitar esses problemas é a reutilização da cinza de casca do arroz em outros setores produtivos, por exemplo, construção civil. O presente trabalho apresenta uma breve revisão sobre as pesquisas que vêm sendo desenvolvidas em termos de reaproveitamento da cinza de casca de arroz na construção civil, mais especificamente, em concretos e argamassas.

  20. Cruzando fronteiras: entre a Antropologia e a Educação no Brasil e na Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Pereira Tosta

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available A relação entre a Antropologia e a Educação tem sido marcada por aproximações e distanciamentos que mostram não ser esta uma história pronta e acabada; ao contrário, é ampla, difusa e complexa e, nos últimos anos, temos assistido a um processo de aproximação da Antropologia com a Educação como nunca se viu no Brasil. Mas, se, para a Antropologia brasileira esta parece ser uma nova realidade, outras experiências desenvolvidas na América Latina podem revelar um quadro fecundo ao exercício da reflexão epistemológica em perspectiva comparada. O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a relação entre a Antropologia e a Educação, com base na apropriação, por parte de pesquisadores do campo educacional brasileiro e argentino, da etnografia educacional proposta por Elsie Rockwell e Justa Ezpeleta, representantes do Departamento de Investigaciones Educativas (DIE do Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados (CINVESTAV do Instituto Politécnico Nacional (IPN do México.

  1. Datafile: Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Consideration is given to modern state and prospects of development of nuclear power in Argentina, the role and tasks of regulating bodies, specific features of fuel cycle, international relations and nuclear safequards. The first NPP was put in operation in 70-s. Technical and economical indices of Atucha-1 NPP were among the best in the world till 1983, the total load factor was equal to 75%. Later on the load factor decreased down to 67% for different reasons. In 1988 the power plant was shutdown. Argentina cooperates with many countries including Brazil, Cuba, Turkey, Nigeria and Algeria. Negotiations about drawing up conditions of including Argentina NPPs into the system of nuclear safeguides are carried on with IAEA

  2. Trends of syphilis in Posadas city (Misiones State, Argentina, 1997-2000 Incidência de sífilis na cidade de Posadas (estado de Misiones, Argentina, 1997-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Alberto de Torres

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Misiones State is situated in the north-east of Argentina. The main objective was to establish the evolution of syphilis in Posadas city (300.000 inhabitants from 1997 to 2000. Methods: Outpatients were studied at the STD clinics during 1997. Records of all pregnant women with babies due to the months of April to June, from 1997 to 2000 (n = 4700, were studied. Syphilis was confirmed by clinic, epidemiological and laboratory tests (VDRL and FTA-ABS. Results: Higher incidence of primary syphilis in outpatients was established among 15-19 year-old women and in 20-24 year-old men. The percentages of pregnant women with syphilis were 2.1% (1997, 2.6% (1998, 4.6% (1999 and 3.7% (2000. The most vulnerable age group was 15 to 19 year-old. Geographical distribution of cases changed from four clusters in 1997 to a wide occurrence in all city quarters with lower socioeconomic level (30% of population. Conclusion: Posadas city had an increase in cases of syphilis in pregnant women from 1997 to 1999. This evolution indicates that traditional STD-Aids programs have had no effect on safe sex practices, specially among adolescents. Home by home visits aimed at improving prenatal control as a priority, started in 1999. The incidence of the disease became stable in 2000, but still at a high rate. It is necessary to continue and improve the outreach activities. A cooperative program in these big "twin" cities: Encarnación (Paraguay and Posadas (Argentina - will be also of great help for syphilis control in the area.Objetivos: O estado de Misiones está situado no noroeste argentino, nas fronteiras oeste e norte com o Brasil e a leste do Paraguai. Este foi o interesse para estabelecer a evolução da sífilis na cidade de Posadas (300.000 habitantes, capital do estado de Misiones, desde 1997 até 2000. Métodos: A sífilis foi analisada por meio da avaliação epidemiológica, clínica e confirmação laboratorial (VDRL e FTA- ABS. Todas as mulheres

  3. A contribuição de Daniel Pedro Müller para a transição do ensino da Engenharia Militar para a Civil na província de São Paulo (1802-1841) * Daniel Pedro Müller’s contribution for the transition of Military to Civil Engineering education in the province...

    OpenAIRE

    JOSÉ ROGÉRIO BEIER

    2015-01-01

    Resumo: A partir da reconstituição da trajetória do engenheiro militar luso-brasileiro Daniel Pedro Müller (1785-1841), este artigo visa destacar a contribuição deste ex-agente da Coroa na transição do ensino da engenharia militar para a civil na Província de São Paulo, sobretudo, através da organização de uma escola de engenheiros construtores de estradas que funcionou, de modo intermitente, entre 1836 e 1849, formando muitos dos engenheiros civis que dirigiram obras públicas em São Paulo na...

  4. Prevenção de riscos na União Europeia: o dever de tomar em consideração a vulnerabilidade social para uma protecção civil eficaz e justa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Aragão

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Na União Europeia é já uma obrigação dos Estados, no desenvolvimento de políticas de protecção civil, tomar em consideração as vulnerabilidades sociais e a resiliência dos valores expostos ao risco, a par da consideração da extensão, magnitude, complexidade, probabilidade, duração, frequência e reversibilidade do risco. Conceber as políticas de protecção civil de modo a proteger quem mais precisa (tanto no momento da crise como no período de recobro, além de mais justo, é mais eficaz. Orientar a protecção para os mais vulneráveis permite maximizar as capacidades existentes na sociedade, sem duplicar esforços e com maior eficácia na evitação de danos. Assim, o conhecimento das vulnerabilidades e da resiliência dá origem a uma protecção civil mais sustentável nos planos social, ambiental e até económico, permitindo legitimar estratégias de protecção civil, racionalizar recursos, hierarquizar objectivos e fundamentar prioridades.

  5. Rafaela, Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Omar Perotti

    2004-01-01

    Brinda información acerca de la provincia de Rafaela, Argentina. Da a conocer el planeamiento estratégico de Rafaela, los temas a resolver con el sector privado, así como las acciones para abordar la relación público-privada.

  6. Argentina; Argentine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-04-01

    This economical study summarizes the energy situation of Argentina: energy institutions and policy, energy companies (oil, electricity, gas, coal), energy supplies (resources, power production, petroleum, natural gas), prices and tariffs, consumption, economical stakes and perspectives (investments, agreements, projects). Energy data for the 1971-1999 period are summarized in graphs and tables. (J.S.)

  7. Networks in Argentine agriculture: a multiple-case study approach Redes en la agricultura argentina: un estudio de caso múltiple Redes na agricultura argentina: um estudo de caso múltiplo

    OpenAIRE

    Sebastián Senesi; Fabio Ribas Chaddad; Hernán Palau

    2013-01-01

    Argentina is among the four largest producers of soybeans, sunflower, corn, and wheat, among other agricultural products. Institutional and policy changes during the 1990s fostered the development of Argentine agriculture and the introduction of innovative process and product technologies (no-till, agrochemicals, GMO, GPS) and new investments in modern, large-scale sunflower and soybean processing plants. In addition to technological changes, a "quiet revolution" occurred in the way agricultu...

  8. Multiple infections and associated risk factors among non-injecting cocaine users in Argentina Infecciones múltiples y factores de riesgo asociados entre usuarios de cocaína no inyectable en Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Diana Rossi; Graciela Radulich; Estela Muzzio; Jorge Naveira; Sergio Sosa-Estani; Jorge Rey; Gloria Griemberg; Friedman, Samuel R.; Liliana Martínez-Peralta; Mercedes Weissenbacher

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study was to estimate the seroprevalence rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV, core antibody), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and syphilis infections and analyze associated risk factors among 504 non-injecting cocaine users (NICU) in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Participants were interviewed in face-to-face sessions through a short structured questionnaire. Using venipuncture, 10mL of blood was collected. Seroprevalence rates were: HIV (6.3%), HBV (9%), HC...

  9. Ensino médio e ensino técnico na América Latina: Brasil, Argentina e Chile Mid level schooling and vocational training in Latin America: Brazil, Argentina and Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Antônio Cunha

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa políticas educacionais em três países latino-americanos (Brasil, Argentina e Chile, nos anos 80 e 90, comparando-as, em cada país, com as das décadas anteriores, assim como entre uns e outros. Como foco de análise, o autor tomou a educação intermediária, definida como a posicionada entre a educação obrigatória e a educação superior. As políticas para esse segmento, em cada país, foram examinadas com referência à persistência e/ou à mudança da dualidade estrutural. A conclusão do autor é a de que Brasil e Argentina elaboraram e implementam políticas tendentes ao reforço da dualidade, ao passo que o Chile anuncia políticas de sua atenuação.This article analyzes educational policy in three Latin American countries (Brazil, Argentina and Chile during the 80s and 90s, making comparisons within each country in relation to earlier decades, as well as among the countries. With an analytical focus the author takes mid level schooling defined as that which occurs between obligatory schooling and higher education. The policies for this segment in each country, were examined with reference to the persistence and/or change of the structural duality. The author's conclusion is that Brazil and Argentina have developed and implemented policies tending to reinforce this duality, and that Chile has articulated policies to attenuate it.

  10. Desemprego e informalidade na Argentina: uma análise das diretrizes e recomendações da OIT e da Cepal para geração de trabalho e renda à população juvenil = Unemployment and Informality in Argentina: a review of guidelines and recommendations of the ILO and ECLAC to generate jobs and income to the youth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cabral, José Pedro Cabrera

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo traz a reflexão acerca do período de recuperação econômica na Argentina (2003-2007, considerado pelos economistas argentinos como período de consolidação. Os postos de trabalho perdidos, a partir da profunda crise que assolou a década de 90, passam a ser restituídos, segundo as análises econômicas da Organização Internacional do Trabalho – OIT –, Comissão Econômica para América Latina e o Caribe – Cepal – e governo argentino. Utilizamos como referências os relatórios da situação de emprego na América Latina elaborados pela OIT e pela Cepal, como também estudos e pesquisas acerca da situação do emprego e desemprego juvenil na Argentina. Esse processo de recuperação econômica traz como preocupações centrais, de um lado, as altas taxas de desemprego juvenil; de outro, a necessidade de diminuição da informalidade do trabalho para esse segmento. The article gives a reflection on the period of economic recovery in Argentina (2003-2007, considered by economists a period of consolidation. The Jobs lost from the deep crisis that struck the 90 are being returned, according to the economic analysis of the International Labour Organization – ILO, Economic Commission For Latin America and the Caribbean – ECLAC and the Argentine government. Used as references to the reports of the employment situation in Latin America developed by the ILO and ECLAC, as well the studies and research about the situation of youth employment and unemployment in Argentina. This process of economic recovery brings as central concerns: on one hand, high rates of youth unemployment, on the other the need to reduce informal employment for this segment.

  11. A história e as ciências sociais na profissionalização da historiografia argentina History and the social sciences in the professionalization of Argentine historiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando J. Devoto

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, o autor reconstrói as relações travadas entre os praticantes da disciplina histórica na Argentina e os novos aportes trazidos pelas ciências sociais, num período que vai desde meados do século XIX, com a Historia de Belgrano (1857, de Bartolomé Mitre, até o término da Primeira Guerra Mundial, quando a chamada Nueva Escuela Histórica passa a controlar a disciplina na universidade (após a Reforma Universitária de 1918. Para tal, detém-se especialmente nas apropriações feitas pelo debate local argentino das proposições da historiografia positivista europeia, como a obra de H. Taine, por exemplo, concentrando-se nos seguintes autores: Bartolomé Mitre, Vicente Fidel López, José María Ramos Mejía, Ernesto Quesada, Augustín García, Juan Álvarez e Paul Groussac.In this article the author reconstructs the relations between academic historians in Argentina and the new contributions made by the social sciences during a period spanning from the mid 19th century, with the publication of Historia de Belgrano (1857 by Bartolomé Mitre, to the end of the First World War, when the so-called New Historical School began to control the discipline in the university following the 1918 University Reform. To this end, the text pays special attention to the ways in which the local debate in Argentina appropriated the proposals of positivist European historiography, such as the work of H. Taine, concentrating on the following authors: Bartolomé Mitre, Vicente Fidel López, José María Ramos Mejía, Ernesto Quesada, Augustín García, Juan Álvarez and Paul Groussac.

  12. Mal-estar na civilização e desastre totalitário Malaise in civilization and totalitarian disaster

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Villa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O autor interroga a relação entre o desastre totalitário e a psicanálise. Será que a psicanálise, os psicanalistas, tem algo pertinente a dizer acerca da barbárie? Esta não é uma dimensão que estaria fora do nosso campo? Será que podemos afirmar que o desastre que sobreveio na cultura não teria tido senão pouca ou nenhuma consequência sobre nossa "teoria", nossas "práticas", nossa "arte"? Não é incrível que demos seguimento à tarefa psicanalítica como se a onda da irrupção do terror e da barbárie na cultura não tivesse abalado as quatro paredes de nossos consultórios? Estas são perguntas que este artigo enfrenta e que levam o autor a se voltar sobre a questão dos estados limites a partir de sua reflexão acerca dos efeitos psíquicos duradouros do totalitarismo.Malaise in civilization and totalitarian disaster. The author cross-examines the relationship between psychoanalysis and totalitarian disaster. Does psychoanalysis, psychoanalysts, have something relevant to say about the barbarism? Isn't this a dimension which is beyond our field? Can we say that the disaster that befell the culture would not have had but little or no consequence on our "theory", our "practice" our "art"? Isn't it amazing that we follow the psychoanalytic task as if the wave of eruption of terror and barbarism in culture had not shaken the four walls of our offices? These are questions which this article is facing, and leading the author to get back on the issue of borderline states since his reflection on the lasting psychological effects of totalitarianism.

  13. Acidentes de trabalho na construção civil identificados através de prontuários hospitalares

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiane Aparecida Silveira

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available A Indústria da Construção Civil (ICC mantém elevados índices de Acidentes de Trabalho (AT apesar de esforços governamentais, empresariais e sindicais no sentido de reduzi-los. Em investigação realizada em um Hospital Universitário da cidade de Ribeirão Preto, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil, verificou-se, nos prontuários hospitalares, nas anotações efetuadas por profissionais da equipe de saúde, a incidência de AT ocorridos e suas possíveis relações com a ocupação dos pacientes/trabalhadores, que procuraram atendimento à saúde no período de dois anos consecutivos. Foram pesquisados 6.122 prontuários, objetivando investigar o número de trabalhadores acidentados, assim como suas características pessoais e dos acidentes, como as causas, as partes do corpo atingidas e pelos AT. De 6.122 prontuários hospitalares de pacientes acidentados no trabalho, 150 (2,45% referiam-se aos trabalhadores da ICC. A faixa etária predominante foi a compreendida entre os 31 e 40 anos (34,7%, todos eram do sexo masculino e 55,3% procedentes da própria cidade. As causas predominantes foram as quedas (37,7%; as partes do corpo mais lesadas foram os membros superiores (30,7%. Em nenhum prontuário pesquisado encontrou-se uma via da Comunicação de Acidente de Trabalho (CAT. Sugestões são feitas no sentido de minimizar os AT na Construção Civil, bem como alertar as equipes de atendimento à saúde para que questionem os pacientes/trabalhadores acidentados sobre a sua ocupação, procurando-se, assim, estabelecer nexo entre o AT ocorrido e o trabalho realizado pelos acidentados.High Work Accident (WA rates continue to occur in the Civil Construction (CC sector, in spite of governmental, corporate and union efforts to reduce them. A research was carried out at a University Hospital in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil, to survey the occurrence of AT and their possible relations with the occupation of patients/workers who sought medical

  14. A história e as ciências sociais na profissionalização da historiografia argentina History and the social sciences in the professionalization of Argentine historiography

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando J. Devoto

    2009-01-01

    Neste artigo, o autor reconstrói as relações travadas entre os praticantes da disciplina histórica na Argentina e os novos aportes trazidos pelas ciências sociais, num período que vai desde meados do século XIX, com a Historia de Belgrano (1857), de Bartolomé Mitre, até o término da Primeira Guerra Mundial, quando a chamada Nueva Escuela Histórica passa a controlar a disciplina na universidade (após a Reforma Universitária de 1918). Para tal, detém-se especialmente nas apropriações feitas pel...

  15. Átomos na integração: a aproximação Brasil-Argentina no campo nuclear e a construção do Mercosul

    OpenAIRE

    Everton Vieira Vargas

    1997-01-01

    Este trabalho tenciona ser uma reflexão sobre a importância da aproximação entre o Brasil e a Argentina no campo nuclear, na segunda metade da década de 80 e no início dos anos 90, como fundamento para a construção de um relacionamento novo que suplantou uma rivalidade histórica entre ambos. O processo de aproximação encetado com um propósito aparentemente econômico, tinha uma dimensão estratégica. As repercussões desse esforço iam além dos interesses bilaterais imediatos e se refletiram na b...

  16. DISTINÇÕES HERMENÊUTICAS DA CONSTITUCIONALIZAÇÃO DO DIREITO CIVIL: O INTÉRPRETE NA DOUTRINA DE PIETRO PERLINGIERI / HERMENEUTIC DISTINCTIONS OF THE CONSTITUTIONALIZATION OF CIVIL LAW: THE INTERPRETER IN THE DOCTRINE OF PIETRO PERLINGIERI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Nelson Konder

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to examine the methodology of constitutionalization of the civil law by Pietro Perlingieri, sometimes referred to as “civil-constitutional law”, through the comparison of this method with others, thus establishing relations, distinctions, similarities, and sometimes opportunities for dialogue. For this purpose, was used the methods’ response technique regarding two questions about interpretation of law: deontology x teleology and restriction x freedom of interpretation.

  17. Foundations in injected micro stakes. A economical solution used in the Brazil-Argentina interconnection; Fundacoes em micro-estacas injetadas. Uma solucao economica usada na interligacao Argentina-Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Joao Batista Guimaraes Ferreira da; Santos, Sergio Claudio dos; Azevedo, Chysthian Purcino Bernardes; Perona, Roberto Moreira; Menezes, Luciene Oliveira [ABB, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Silva, Vilson Renato da [Engelineas Consultoria e Projetos Ltda., Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil)

    2001-07-01

    This document intends to describe the adopted solution for the foundations used mainly in the areas subject to strong floods in the argentine territory in relation to the first Brazil-Argentina interconnection, which is the Rincon de Santa Maria-Garabi-Ita transmission line(500/525 Kv). The investigated and implanted solution has been the foundation in injected micro stake of the Ischebeck type equipped with titan bars. The characteristics of this foundation type, the technical aspects involved in its installation, the found troubles, the executed tests and their comparisons with the design forecasts are reported in this document.

  18. La historia que construimos: Reflexiones a propósito de una investigación sobre la historia de la antropología en la Argentina A história que construímos: Reflexões a partir de pesquisa sobre a história da antropologia na Argentina The history we construct: Reflections from a research on the history of anthropology in Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Julia Name

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se desarrollan algunas reflexiones teórico-conceptuales sobre el quehacer de los antropólogos que investigan sobre la historia de la propia disciplina. En particular, se analizan aspectos relativos a los diferentes "lugares" desde los que se construye la historia y a las categorías analíticas a las que se recurre para ello, tomando las propuestas de un conjunto de autores adscriptos a este campo. El trabajo forma parte de una investigación en curso sobre la historia de la antropología médica en la Argentina.Neste artigo apresenta-se algumas reflexões teóricas e conceituais sobre o trabalho dos antropólogos que pesquisam a história da disciplina. Em particular, analisa-se aspectos relativos aos diferentes "lugares" de onde se constrói a história e as categorias de análise utilizadas para isso, levando as propostas de um grupo de autores adscritos a este campo. O trabalho faz parte de uma investigação em curso sobre a história da antropologia médica na Argentina.In this paper we develop some theoretical and conceptual reflections on the work of anthropologists who investigate the history of their own discipline. Particularly, we analyze aspects related to the different "places" from which history is constructed and to the analytical categories used for this purpose, on the basis of proposals from a group of authors ascribed to this field. The article is part of an ongoing investigation about the history of medical anthropology in Argentina.

  19. Civil Identity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Lars Axel

    In this paper I will go through a catalogue of examples of contexts in which the term civil identity is currently used, ranging from the formal and technical process of linking a set of administrative and other events to an individual biological person by means of identity cards, fingerprints, iris...... of Israel to Luce Irigaray's Feminist agenda of elaborating gender specific civil identities. My intention is to investigate whether these different employments of 'civil identity' point towards a common, and fairly well defined object field asking questions of contemporary relevance to the...

  20. Civilizing Processes

    OpenAIRE

    Dolan, Paddy

    2011-01-01

    The theory of “civilizing processes” was developed by Norbert Elias in the 1930s to describe and explain the generation of higher standards of various forms of conduct in the context of unplanned but structured changes in state formation and lengthening chains of social interdependencies (Elias 2000). The idea of civilized conduct may seem a strange companion to popular understandings of consumer culture, when the latter phrase is often associated with hedonism, individualism and excess. But ...

  1. Precarização do trabalho e risco de acidentes na construção civil: um estudo com base na Análise Coletiva do Trabalho (ACT Work precariousness and risk of accidents in civil construction: a study based on the Collective Work Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mara Alice Batista Conti Takahashi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo descreve a atividade e a percepção dos trabalhadores da construção civil sobre os riscos e a carga de trabalho. O estudo, com base na Análise Coletiva de Trabalho (ACT, é parte de pesquisa em políticas públicas para aprimoramento do Sistema de Vigilância em Acidentes de Trabalho (SIVAT de Piracicaba-SP. Priorizou-se a construção civil pela magnitude epidemiológica de ocorrência de acidentes de trabalho e a baixa eficácia das ações tradicionais de vigilância pelas características de informalidade, terceirização e rotatividade do setor. Os trabalhadores revelaram elevada percepção dos riscos de acidentes e que as medidas de segurança dificultam ou impedem a realização do trabalho. Os achados questionam a eficácia dos treinamentos para adesão às medidas de segurança e evidenciam a necessidade de uma pedagogia transformadora nas ações de promoção da saúde e prevenção dos acidentes de trabalho.This paper aims to describe the construction workers' activities, as well as their perceptions about risks and workload. The study, based on the Collective Work Analysis, is part of a broader public policies project for the improvement of SIVAT (Surveillance System of Work Accidents - in the city of Piracicaba (Southeastern Brazil. Civil construction was prioritized given the epidemiological magnitude of the occurrence of work accidents and the limited efficacy of traditional surveillance initiatives in this sector due to informal employment practices, outsourcing, high staff turnover, etc. The workers have a high level of awareness concerning the risk of accidents, but they believe that the main preventive measures hinder or even make it impossible for them to carry out the tasks. Our findings question the efficacy of traditional training for adherence to safety practices, thus highlighting the need for a transformative pedagogy for preventive practices and the health promotion of workers.

  2. Argentina: entre o Mercosul e a Alca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Bernal-Meza

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo procura mostrar que a Argentina não está numa encruzilhada na sua política externa, tendo que escolher entre Mercosul ou Alca. Ao contrário, a Argentina vê o Mercosul como um caminho que leva à Alca, afirmando uma posição que se tornou possível depois da confluência de outros fatores, como a posição brasileira frente a Alca e o modelo de integração regional proposta para o Mercosul.This article seeks to show that Argentina is not in crossroads in your foreign policy, having to choose between Mercosur and FTAA. In contrast, Argentina sees Mercosur as a way that leads to FTAA, affirming a position that become possible after a confluence of others factors, as the Brazilian position front Alca and the model of regional integration proposal for Mercosur.

  3. Histoplasmin and paracoccidioidin skin reactivity in infantile population of Northern Argentina Reatividade cutânea à histoplasmina e paracoccidioidina na população infantil do norte da Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena Mangiaterra

    1996-10-01

    Full Text Available In order to estimate ages at which etiological agents of systemic mycoses initiate infection, histoplasmin and paracoccidioidin skin tests were performed in 344 children of both sexes, between 2 and 15 years old. They were selected from a statistically significant population sample Gral. San Martín city (Northeast Argentina. Tests were read 48h after injection and considered positive if a 5 mm on larger induration was present. Circulating antibodies were also evaluated by agar gel immunodiffusion. The overall infection rate for H. capsulatum was 9.2%, belonging to children from 4 to 14 years old, without significant differences among sexes. Five children from 2 to 14 years old were positive to paracoccidioidin (1.6%. None of the children had specific antibodies neither signs of active mycosis. Results show H. capsulatum infection can be found from age 4, while for P. brasiliensis the lower limit was two years old. These findings may contribute to better knowledge on infantile fungal infection in a geographical region where no previous references can be found.Para avaliar as idades em que os agentes etiológicos das micoses sistêmicas iniciam a infecção, testes cutâneos da histoplasmina e paracoccidioidina foram realizados cm 344 crianças de ambos os sexos, com idades entre 2 e 15 anos. Foram selecionadas de amostra estatisticamente significante da população da cidade de General San Martin (Nordeste da Argentina. Os testes Foram analisados 48 horas após a injeção e considerados positivos se uma enduração de 5 mm ou mais estivesse presente. Anticorpos circulantes foram também avaliados pela imunodifusão em gel de agar. A média de infecção para o H. capsulatum foi de 9.2% e pertencia às crianças de 4 a 14 anos, sem diferença significante entre os sexos. Cinco criancas de 2 a 14 anos foram positivas para paracoccidioidina (1.6%. Nenhuma das crianças tinha anticorpos específicos nem sinais de micose ativa. Resultados mostram

  4. A NECESSIDADE DE ADEQUAÇÃO DO DIREITO PROCESSUAL CIVIL NA SOCIEDADE CONTEMPORÂNEA E A TUTELA PROVISÓRIA NO NOVO CÓDIGO DE PROCESSO CIVIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaqueline Mielke Silva

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available O projeto de Código de Processo Civil introduz uma “nova” tutela provisória, classificada em tutela de urgência e tutela de evidência. Trata-se de tentativa de simplificar o Processo Civil que, ao invés de contribuir para a efetividade processual, certamente aumentará as discussões em torno do novo procedimento, afastando o “foco” da interpretação judicial, que deve ter por objetivo a realização de direitos. Um processo descomprometido com os avanços sociais de nada serve, pois não cumpre a sua função primordial que é a realização de justiça.(DOI: 10.5902/1981369418540 

  5. Patagonia Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.J. Acuña

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La zona central de la Patagonia, Argentina, se encuentra sometida a explotación petrolera y sus suelos se caracterizan por ser deficientes en nitrógeno. Esto causaría un efecto negativo en los procesos de atenuación natural que se desarrollan en los suelos contaminados con hidrocarburos. El objeto de este estudio fue determinar cual es el efecto de la deficiencia de nitrógeno sobre la biodegradación de los hidrocarburos en un suelo de la Patagonia, Argentina. Se trabajó con tres microcosmos a los que se les realizó tratamientos diferentes. En uno se monitoreo la atenuación natural del sistema, en otro la fertilización con nitrógeno (N, fósforo (P y potasio (K, y en el último la fertilización con P y K. Durante el seguimiento se determinaron mineralización y medición de hidrocarburos, y se realizaron recuentos bacterianos y determinación de nitrato, nitrito y amonio. Los resultados indican que es posible la biodegradación de hidrocarburos en el suelo deficiente de nitrógeno de la Patagonia estudiado en tiempos mas prolongados que en aquellos que se realiza una fertilización con nitrógeno. El nitrógeno necesario para el proceso sería obtenido por los microorganismos del suelo por fijación biológica.

  6. O planejamento tributário na construção civil: custo pago/incorrido X custo orçado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiane Cardoso dos Santos Alves

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Artigo desenvolvido sob a ótica do planejamento tributário nas empresas de construção civil, tendo como para metro as Instruções Normativas números 84/79,23/83 67/88, expedidas pela Secretaria da Receita Federal, que disciplina mapuração do resultado desse ramo de atividade. Na Instrução Normativa 84/79encontra-se a conceituação as normas sobre assunto, inclusive os métodos de apuração do custo pago incorrido do custo orçado. As instruções seguintes trouxeram alterações no ãmbito do custo pago incorrido do custo orçadores pectivamente. presente artigo tem como finalidade demonstrar que custo orçado melhor opção para recolhimento do imposto de renda contribuição social no decorrer da construção do empreendimento, conclusão chegada por meio de análise das referidas instruções, pesquisas bibliográficas sobre assunto exemplos didáticos com cálculos do imposto contribuição, para comprovar tese. This articJe was developed under the view of tax planning for the civilconstruction companies, based on the Normative Instructions numbered 84/79, 23/83 and 67/88, distributed by the Internal Revenue Services, whichaverages the results on this type of activity. ln the Normative Instructionnumbered 84/79 we found the explanation and the norms about this subject,especial/y the methods used to measure the incurred cost and the expectedcost. The fol/owing instructions brought some alterations in terms of thepaid incurred cost and expected cost, respectively. The present articJewishes to demonstrate that the expected cost is the best way to prepare thetax return form and the social contribution during the construction phase,formulated through the analyses of the referred instructions, bibliographicresearch about the subject and some examples with tax return calculationsto prove this thesis.

  7. Fatores de sucesso no gerenciamento de múltiplos projetos na construção civil em Recife Success factors in multiple project management in the civil construction in Recife

    OpenAIRE

    Tatiana Asfora Frej; Luciana Hazin Alencar

    2010-01-01

    A indústria da construção civil tem um papel fundamental no desenvolvimento da economia do país. Muitas empresas do setor, entretanto, vêm enfrentando diversas dificuldades, muitas vezes devido a uma gestão de projetos deficiente. Este artigo ressalta a importância de um eficiente gerenciamento de múltiplos projetos nessas empresas, focando- se em analisar os fatores responsáveis pelo sucesso desse gerenciamento. Para isso, foi realizada uma pesquisa exploratória com 30 empresas de construção...

  8. Parceria universidade-empresa e mudanças na cultura acadêmica: análise comparativa dos casos da Argentina e do Canadá University-industry partnerships and changes in academic culture: a comparative analysis of Argentina and Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Schugurensky

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo estuda as mudanças na cultura acadêmica que ocorreram nas universidades públicas nestas últimas décadas. A partir de uma perspectiva histórica e comparada (que descreve os casos da Argentina e do Canadá, analisam-se as características das universidades e da cultura acadêmica no período do pós-guerra (1950-1970 e do final do século (1980-2000. No contexto das políticas neoliberais de mercadorização do conhecimento, de diminuição do financiamento público e do redirecionamento dos fundos vinculados por agentes externos à universidade, um modelo de capitalismo acadêmico instaurou-se gradualmente durante esse segundo período e a universidade autônoma transformou-se paulatinamente numa universidade heterônoma.This paper studies the changes in academic culture public universities have suffered these last decades. From a historical and comparative (with cases from Argentina and Canada standpoint, it analyses the features of university and academic culture during the post-war (1950-1970 and end of century (1980-2000. In a context of neo-liberal policies that commercialize knowledge, reduce public funding and redirect funding according to external actors, a model of academic capitalism has gradually taken over during this last period and university has undergone a gradual shift from autonomy to heteronomy.

  9. Formulação de estratégias competitivas por meio de análise de cenários na construção civil Formulation of competitive strategies through analysis of scenarios for civil construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andriele Rodrigues

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A presente pesquisa consistiu em formular estratégias competitivas por meio de análise de cenários simulados no setor de construção civil. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório, onde o instrumento de coleta de dados foi o questionário de avaliação qualitativa, com representantes das construtoras. A técnica adotada no trabalho foi a amostragem nãoprobabilística realizada por conveniência. O método utilizado foi o modelo de simulação de cenários de Rojo (2006. Com o desenvolvimento de cenários simulados pôde-se obter condições para que as empresas da construção civil possam preparar-se antecipadamente para eventuais mudanças futuras, reduzindo suas incertezas organizacionais. Pôde-se concluir que a ferramenta de simulação de cenários utilizada é apropriada para auxiliar de forma estratégica o setor da construção civil, a simulação de cenários pode ser uma das alternativas a serem utilizadas, tanto pelo governo como pelas próprias empresas do setor. O modelo de Rojo diferencia-se dos demais roteiros de diagnóstico estratégico por buscar as variáveis diretamente com os players do setor. O setor delimitado na pesquisa teve, como resultado para a empresa em questão, formatado o planejamento estratégico de forma lógica não linear, ampliando a análise de variáveis na linha do tempo. Tal procedimento característico do modelo colabora com a precisão do processo decisório, com as devidas análises de possíveis caminhos cognitivos para a formulação de estratégia competitiva especificamente no caso da concorrência entre empresas da construção civil atuantes na mesma região.The purpose of this research was to formulate competitive strategies through simulated analysis of scenarios for the civil construction industry. The data for this explanatory study was collected by means of qualitative assessment questionnaires applied to construction company representatives. The non-probabilistic sampling technique

  10. Formulação de estratégias competitivas por meio de análise de cenários na construção civil Formulation of competitive strategies through analysis of scenarios for civil construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andriele Rodrigues

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A presente pesquisa consistiu em formular estratégias competitivas por meio de análise de cenários simulados no setor de construção civil. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório, onde o instrumento de coleta de dados foi o questionário de avaliação qualitativa, com representantes das construtoras. A técnica adotada no trabalho foi a amostragem nãoprobabilística realizada por conveniência. O método utilizado foi o modelo de simulação de cenários de Rojo (2006. Com o desenvolvimento de cenários simulados pôde-se obter condições para que as empresas da construção civil possam preparar-se antecipadamente para eventuais mudanças futuras, reduzindo suas incertezas organizacionais. Pôde-se concluir que a ferramenta de simulação de cenários utilizada é apropriada para auxiliar de forma estratégica o setor da construção civil, a simulação de cenários pode ser uma das alternativas a serem utilizadas, tanto pelo governo como pelas próprias empresas do setor. O modelo de Rojo diferencia-se dos demais roteiros de diagnóstico estratégico por buscar as variáveis diretamente com os players do setor. O setor delimitado na pesquisa teve, como resultado para a empresa em questão, formatado o planejamento estratégico de forma lógica não linear, ampliando a análise de variáveis na linha do tempo. Tal procedimento característico do modelo colabora com a precisão do processo decisório, com as devidas análises de possíveis caminhos cognitivos para a formulação de estratégia competitiva especificamente no caso da concorrência entre empresas da construção civil atuantes na mesma região.The purpose of this research was to formulate competitive strategies through simulated analysis of scenarios for the civil construction industry. The data for this explanatory study was collected by means of qualitative assessment questionnaires applied to construction company representatives. The non-probabilistic sampling technique

  11. DISTÚRBIOS OSTEOMUSCULARES RELACIONADOS AO TRABALHO: SITUAÇÃO NA CONSTRUÇÃO CIVIL EM GOIÂNIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora Pereira Rosa, Débora Benchimol Ferreira

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Skeletal muscle disturbs related to the work: situation in the civil construction in Goiânia - The related muscle skeletal disturbs (WRMD, known as Repetitive Effort Lesion are world wide phenomenon, bringing negative repercussion to the workers, undertaking and the society. There are worker's categories considered at risk. This exploratory research sought to identify de display of WRMD and their repercussion among civil construction's workers in Goiânia, as well to identify the performance of nurses in the area of the civil construction relative the WRMD prevention. After explain consent announce, 105 workers, arising from public undertaking, private and autonomous. From 47 person that described pain in the characteristic regions of WRMD, 38 point pain in the first, 29 in the hand's fingers, 23 in the scapula's region and 16 in the shoulders, that don't motivated the search of the health services, removal or work accidents. We didn't find relate of the use direction about WRMD prevention. It doesn't appear in the individual's account the nurse's of the work figure. We concluded that the WRMD manifestations haven't great repercussion on the workers yet, because it is an area that doesn't have the nurse performance yet.

  12. O ingresso da psicanálise no sistema de saúde pública na Argentina El ingreso del psicoanálisis en el sistema de salud pública de la Argentina The arrival of psychoanalysis in the Argentine public health system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Antonio Dagfal

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Na Argentina, a renovação cultural ocorrida a partir de 1955 possibilitou à psicanálise deixar de ser uma prática privada reservada às elites da capital. A ampliação dessa clínica foi favorecida tanto pela abertura de novos espaços institucionais públicos como por transformações ocorridas nos já existentes, onde alguns passaram a adotar técnicas de "inspiração psicanalítica". É o caso, por exemplo, da psicoterapia de grupo. Ainda que derivada da psicanálise e exercida por médicos e psicólogos, constituiu-se como uma alternativa, ao mesmo tempo, de atendimento e formação, o que fez com que essa prática deixasse de ser patrimônio exclusivo dos membros da Associação Psicanalítica Argentina (APA. Assim, a instituição oficial perdia o monopólio do "uso legítimo" da psicanálise. Neste trabalho é analisado particularmente o caso do Serviço de Psicopatologia do Hospital Lanús, dirigido por Mauricio Goldenberg entre 1956 e 1972, já que exemplifica muito bem este fenômeno de expansão e transformação da psicanálise. Foi adotada uma metodologia clássica no campo da história, baseada na análise de textos e documentos da época.Después de 1955 se produjo en Argentina una renovación socio-cultural en el seno de la cual el psicoanálisis dejó de ser una práctica privada reservada a las élites de la capital. Accedió entonces a nuevos espacios institucionales, en los que sufrió varias transformaciones que le permitieron ampliar su público. Por ejemplo, la utilización que se hizo en algunas instituciones públicas de técnicas "de inspiración analítica", como la psicoterapia de grupos, implicó una notable multiplicación de la cantidad de pacientes en tratamiento. Al mismo tiempo, esa práctica derivada del psicoanálisis ya no era patrimonio exclusivo de los miembros de la Asociación Psicoanalítica Argentina, al ser ejercida por médicos y psicólogos que no pertenecían a sus filas. Se creó así una

  13. Raman spectroscopic study of the mineral qingheiite Na2(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3, a pegmatite phosphate mineral from Santa Ana pegmatite, Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frost, Ray L; Xi, Yunfei; Scholz, Ricardo; López, Andrés; Moreira, Caio; de Lena, Jorge Carvalho

    2013-10-01

    The pegmatite mineral qingheiite Na2(Mn(2+),Mg,Fe(2+))2(Al,Fe(3+))(PO4)3 has been studied by a combination of SEM and EMP, Raman and infrared spectroscopy. The studied sample was collected from the Santa Ana pegmatite, Argentina. The mineral occurs as a primary mineral in lithium bearing pegmatite, in association with beausite and lithiophilite. The Raman spectrum is characterized by a very sharp intense Raman band at 980 cm(-1) assigned to the PO4(3-) symmetric stretching mode. Multiple Raman bands are observed in the PO4(3-) antisymmetric stretching region, providing evidence for the existence of more than one phosphate unit in the structure of qingheiite and evidence for the reduction in symmetry of the phosphate units. This concept is affirmed by the number of bands in the ν4 and ν2 bending regions. No intensity was observed in the OH stretching region in the Raman spectrum but significant intensity is found in the infrared spectrum. Infrared bands are observed at 2917, 3195, 3414 and 3498 cm(-1) are assigned to water stretching vibrations. It is suggested that some water is coordinating the metal cations in the structure of qingheiite. PMID:23792288

  14. Analiza znanstvenih objav v Slovenskem gradbeništvu in geodeziji na primeru UL FGG ; Analysis of scientific publications in civil and geodetic engineering in Slovenia, in the case of the Faculty of civil and geodetic engineering in University of Ljubljana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goran Turk

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Razvoj znanosti spremlja rast znanstvenih objav, predvsem v obliki člankov v recenziranih znanstvenih revijah. Analizirali smo znanstvene članke s področja gradbeništva in geodezije, ki so jih zaposleni na Fakulteti za gradbeništvo in geodezijo Univerze v Ljubljani objavili med letoma 2003 in 2008, njihovo citiranost, načine objavljanja in odprto dostopnost. Analizo smo opravili v informacijskih sistemih ISI/Web of Knowledge in Google Scholar. Želeli smo ugotoviti, kako obravnavana sistema pokrivata znanstveno produkcijo in njihovo odmevnost, torej število člankov in njihovo citiranost, ter podatke primerjati. Ugotovili smo, da so razlike med sistemoma glede na navedena elementa majhne ; The development of science is accompanied by the growth of scientific publications in the form of articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals. We analysed the scientific papers of the employees of the Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering, University of Ljubljana, in the field of construction and geodesy for the period from 2003 to 2008, their citations, methods of publication and open access. The analysis was conducted in the ISI/Web of Knowledge and Google Scholar information systems. We wanted to determine how both information systems show the visibility of scientific production, specifically the number of articles and their citations, and make data comparisons. We have not found many significant differences in the information systems regarding these two elements.

  15. Educação e hegemonia na América Latina de hoje: projetos de sociedade e de educação nos anos 90: Brasil, Argentina, Chile e Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Almeida Sales de Melo

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Iniciada em março de 1999, esta pesquisa está se desenvolvendo como elemento de meu doutorado em educação. Este trabalho também faz parte do Projeto CORI/MERCOSUL, área temática Educação, desde 1999. Esta investigação tem como tema central a relação entre os diversos projetos de sociedade e de educação dos principais sujeitos políticos coletivos que planejam e atuam na direção atual das políticas educacionais dos países da América Latina. Pretendemos analisar o processo de transição e consolidação democrática do Brasil, Argentina, Chile e Venezuela; bem como o redirecionamento das políticas educacionais nestes ambientes culturais, no sentido de esclarecer as contradições entre as demandas e objetivos dos sujeitos políticos coletivos locais e internacionais em seu movimento de construção de um projeto hegemônico de sociedade e de educação; ora neoliberal, ora democrático de massas. Este tipo de análise pode trazer contribuições reais no sentido da construção e sistematização de elementos de integração entre as diversas identidades históricas e culturais dos nossos países; interferindo sob a forma de novas categorias de investigação, no nosso planejamento e ação educacionais locais. Started in 1999, march, this research is going on as an element of my education doctorate. This work is also part of CORI/MERCOSUL project, at education thematic area, since 1999. This investigation has as central theme the relation between "society and education projects" of the principal politician social subjects that plan and actuate in the actual educational policies directions at Latin America countries. We intend to analyze the democratic transition and consolidation in Brazil, Argentina, Chile and Venezuela; and also the educational policies redirections in these cultural ambiance; in the way to clarify the contradictions between these social subjects demands and objectives in their building process of "society

  16. Reforma studija geodezije na Odsjeku za geodeziju Građevinskog fakulteta Univerziteta u Sarajevu : Reform of the study of geodesy at the Department of geodesy of Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Sarajevo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Džanina Omićević

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available U ovom radu prikazane su aktivnosti i ciljevi vezani uz implementaciju Bolonjskog procesa na Odsjeku za geodeziju Građevinskog fakulteta Univerziteta u Sarajevu. Prvi puta su predstavljeni novi programi studija geodezije organizovana u tri ciklusa: dodiplomski, diplomski i doktorski studij. Cilj je da sažeto iznesemo osnovne informacije o reformskom procesu, koji je u toku, a koji bi trebalo da dugoročno promijeni evropski visokoškolski sistem. : This paper presents activities and goals related with the implementation of the Bologna process at the Department of Geodesy of Civil Engineering, University of Sarajevo. For the first time, new curricula study of geodesy which are organized into three cycles: bachelor, master and postgraduete doctoral study are presented. The goal of this paper is to present basic informacion about ongoing reform proces, and that should change the long-term European university system.

  17. Libros de lectura en la escuela primaria argentina: civilizando al niño urbano y urbanizando al niño campesino (1900-1946 Textbooks used in the primary argentine school: civilizing urban children and urbanizing rural children (1900-1946

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrián Ascolani

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Los libros de lectura usados en la educación primaria argentina fueron un instrumento muy importante para la transmisión de las ideas de modernización y "civilización" de la sociedad. Fueron un apoyo fundamental en la difusión de los valores morales, estéticos y patrióticos, aunque no fueron militaristas y tendieron a moderar la inclusión de preceptos higienistas, a medida que la población los fue asimilando. La consolidación de las pedagogías espiritualistas, con elementos de la Escuela Nueva, se advierte también en los contenidos de estos libros, que pusieron el énfasis en el autocontrol del escolar, apelando a la persuasión y a los sentimientos de emulación y de culpa. Escritos para niños urbanos, no fueron funcionales para el medio rural, aunque contribuyeron a una temprana urbanización de la mentalidad agraria.Textbooks used in the primary Argentine education were a very important instrument for the transmission of the ideas of modernization and "civilization" of the society. They were a fundamental support in the diffusion of the moral, aesthetic and patriotic values, though they were not militaristic and tended to moderate the incorporation of hygienists rules, as the population was assimilating them. The consolidation of the spiritualist pedagogy, with elements of the New School, are found also in the contents of these books, which put the emphasis in the self-control of the student, appealing to the persuasion and the feelings of emulation and fault. Written for urban children, they were not functional for the rural area, though they contributed to an early urbanization of the agrarian mentality.

  18. Argentina Welcomes Chinese Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ On July 13,China-Argentina Entrepreneur Luncheon Meeting was held in Beijing.Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner,President of Argentina,Hui Liangyu,Vice Prime Minister of China and Wan Jifei,President of CCPIT attended the meeting.

  19. Evaluation of natural radioactivity in some granitic rocks in the state of Parana, Brazil and its use in civil construction; Avaliacao da radioatividade natural em algumas rochas graniticas do estado do Parana e sua utilizacao na construcao civil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, Ademar de Oliveira

    2013-07-01

    Primordial, or terrestrial natural radionuclides, are found in different amounts in the environment. In dwellings, an important dose increment is due to building materials, which contribute for both the external gamma dose from the radionuclides of the {sup 238}U, {sup 235}U and {sup 232}Th series and the natural {sup 40}K and the internal dose, due mainly to {sup 222}Rn inhalation. Once granitic rocks are widely used both as construction materials or structural flooring, those rocks can become an important dose source, depending on the content of concentrations of radioactivity, and the construction application. In this work, a database for granitic rocks of the crystalline shield of Parana (mainly in the Metropolitan Region of Curitiba, RMC), used in civil construction, was generated, evaluating in terms of radiological protection the external and internal dose increments, caused by the use of these materials. Also, possible correlations between the {sup 226}Ra activity concentration, the {sup 222}Rn exhalation rate, density, porosity and chemical composition (oxide content) in these samples had been studied. The external dose was assessed by gamma-ray spectrometry with High-Purity Germanium detectors, where the activity concentration of the radionuclides {sup 232}Th, {sup 226}Ra and {sup 40}K are the parameters used in dosimetric models (Dosimetric Indexes), which established limits in accordance with the form, amount and application of material of construction. For the calculation of the annual effective external dose it was assumed a room model with dimensions of 4 m x 5 m x 2:8 m and all walls internally covered with 2 cm thickness of granite and an annual exposure time of 7000 h as suggested by the European Commission of Radiological Protection for internal superficial coating materials. The internal exposure was assessed from the radon concentration in the air of the room model, simulated from the superficial exhalation rate of {sup 222}Rn. The exhalation

  20. Los vaivenes de la democracia Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Quiroga, Hugo

    2008-01-01

    Un conjunto de acontecimientos políticos, de signos adversos y propicios, recorrió el siglo XX en Argentina. Esa experiencia nos ha enseñado, con su historia repetida de fracasos (desobediencia de los militares al poder civil, proscripciones políticas, fraude electoral), que la legitimidad de la democracia requiere tanto de instituciones estables como de la conformidad de la sociedad con las reglas de la sucesión pacífica del poder, exigencias que otorgan validez al régimen ...

  1. Quem é quem na saúde ambiental brasileira? Identificação e caracterização de grupos de pesquisas e organizações da sociedade civil Who is who in Brazilian environmental health? Identification and characterization of academic groups and civil society organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Machado de Freitas

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, apresentamos os resultados da primeira fase do projeto "Quem é quem na saúde ambiental brasileira". O objetivo deste projeto é identificar e caracterizar grupos de pesquisas e organizações da sociedade civil atuantes no campo da saúde ambiental, em condições de contribuir tanto ao fortalecimento de suas bases técnicas e científicas quanto a facilitar o diálogo com a sociedade civil organizada. A identificação ocorreu através informações disponíveis no CNPq (diretório dos grupos de pesquisas, na Associação Brasileira de Organizações Não Governamentais (ABONG, no Fórum Brasileiro de ONGs e Movimentos Sociais para o Meio Ambiente e o Desenvolvimento Sustentável (FBOMS e na Rede Brasileira de Justiça Ambiental (RBJA. Os resultados foram apresentados e discutidos tendo como base a evolução temporal, a distribuição geográfica e as áreas de pesquisa e de atuação. As considerações finais apontam para o grande potencial de diálogo entre especialistas e não especialistas, governamentais e não governamentais, para criar as bases de uma comunidade ampliada de pares capaz de combinar políticas, conhecimentos, tecnologias e ações para a compreensão e busca de soluções para a constituição de uma saúde como pré-requisito e como resultado do bem estar e da vida plena.In this paper we present the results of the first phase of the project Who is Who in Brazilian Environmental Health. The aim of this project is to identify and characterize the Academic Groups and Civil Society Organizations acting on the field of environmental health that are able to contribute both to the strengthening of its technical and scientific basis, and to the dialogue with organized civil society. The identification took place through the data source available at CNPq (Research Groups Directory, ABONG (Brazilian Association of Non-Governmental Organizations, FBOMS (Brazilian Forum of NGOs and Social Movements for Environment

  2. History and Civility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, Larry

    2015-01-01

    Larry Schaefer's history of civility is a succinct summary of the implicit and evolving definitions of civility over 2500 years of civilization. Beginning with the Romans and the root word "civitas," meaning the rights and duties of citizenship, civility appears in classical literature as integral to the roots of democracy in the context…

  3. A regra do julgamento final na apelação civil norte-americana e o direito brasileiro: breves notas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavio Mirza

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available


    O presente artigo trata de aspectos relevantes da apelação no direito processual civil norte-americano. Enfocou-se, mais detidamente, a chamada regra do julgamento final e seu tratamento pela Suprema Corte. Finalmente, foi feita uma breve comparação com o direito brasileiro.

  4. Human cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis in Santiago del Estero, Argentina: identification of parasites by monoclonal antibodies and isoenzymes Leishmaniose cutânea humana causada por Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis na Província de Santiago del Estero, Argentina: identificação dos parasitas por anticorpos monoclonais e isoenzimas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.A. Cuba Cuba

    1996-12-01

    pacientes humanos com lesões cutâneas de leishmaniose na Província de Santiago del Estero, no Norte da Argentina. Os procedimentos de diagnóstico foram: biópsias de lesões para utilização em esfregaços e inoculação em hamster; aspiração (com agulha de úlceras, para cultura "in vitro". As técnicas imunodiagnósticas empregadas foram a IFAT-IgG e o teste intradérmico de Montenegro. Oito cepas de parasitas foram isoladas, sendo estas obtidas de pacientes com lesões ativas. Todas as cepas foram inicialmente caracterizadas biologicamente por seu comportamento na infecção experimental do hamster, mensuração dos amastigotas e promastigotas e crescimento "in vitro". As mesmas oito cepas foram logo identificadas e caracterizadas a nível de espécie, devido a sua reatividade frente a um painel de anticorpos monoclonais subgênero e espécie-específicos. Isso foi realizado utilizando o teste de Imunofluorescência Indireta (IFAT/MAbs e de um procedimento de Dot-ELISA. Nós concluímos a partir da análise de serodema dos isolados argentinos que: MHOM/AR/92/SE-1; SE-2; SE-4; SE-8; SE-8-I; SE-30; SE-34 e SE-36 são Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis. Entretanto, três dos isolados de Leishmania (SE-1; SE-2 e SE-30 não foram reconhecidos quando testados com um anticorpo monoclonal de reconhecida alta espécie-especificidade (clone B-18, marcador consagrado de Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis, revelando a existência de dois tipos de serodemas entre as cepas estudadas. Cinco dos oito extratos solúveis de Leishmania foram submetidos à eletroforese em gel de amido de camada fina e subseqüentemente examinadas a fim de constatar a atividade das enzimas MPI, MDH, 6PGD, NH, NH-D, SOD, GPI e ES. Fundamentados nos estudos dos corridos eletroforéticos obtidos nos ensaios isoenzimáticos chegamos à conclusão que as cepas MHOM/AR/92 SE-1; SE-2; SE-4; SE-8 e SE-8-I são Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis. É necessário analisar mais enzimas antes de enquadrá-los nos

  5. Customização em Massa na Construção Civil

    Mass Customization in Civil Construction

    Personalización en Masa en la Construcción Civil

    OpenAIRE

    Moraes, Walter Fernando Araújo de; MACHADO, André Gustavo Carvalho

    2008-01-01

    RESUMOO objetivo deste artigo é examinar como o fenômeno da customização em massa está sendo empreendido no setor da construção civil. Nesse sentido, a estratégia de pesquisa adotada foi a de estudo de casos múltiplos, que foi realizado em duas empresas. A principal técnica adotada para a coleta de dados se consistiu de entrevistas semi-estruturadas. A análise dos dados ocorreu em cinco fases. Ao se analisar as ações empreendidas no processo de customização, ficou evidenciado que as empresas ...

  6. Assessment of the risks of rats (Rattus norvegicus and opossums (Didelphis albiventris in different poultry-rearing areas in Argentina Avaliação dos riscos sanitários de ratos (Rattus norvegicus e gambás (Didelphis albiventris em diferentes granjas avícolas na Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel E. Gómez Villafañe

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available We have studied the prevalence of Trichinella spiralis, Leptospira spp. and Salmonella spp. in rats and opossums that inhabit poultry farms of Exaltación de la Cruz, Buenos Aires, Argentina, to determine the potential sanitary risk for humans that are in contact with these animals. The study was carried out on 48 poultry farms between spring 1999 and winter 2001. The study of opossums began in winter 2000. During the study period we captured 152 Rattus norvegicus, 3 Rattus rattus, 16 Didelphis albiventris and 1 Lutreolina crassicaudata. We have registered the presence of rats and opossums in 70% and 27% of the studied farms, respectively. The percentage of farms with rats was independent of the presence or absence of pigs. We did not detect the presence of Leptospira spp. and Trichinella spiralis in any individual. We detected the presence of Salmonella Enteritidis in one Rattus norvegicus and one Didelphis albiventris. According to our results, the rats and opossums of poultry farms may not report a risk factor in the transmission of Trichinella and Leptospira under the present conditions; but the detection of Salmonella Enteritidis in rats as well as in opossums suggests the idea of applying prophylactics measurements on poultry farms.A prevalência de Trichinella spiralis, Leptospira spp. e Salmonella spp. foi estudada em ratos e gambás que habitam granjas avícolas da região de Exaltación de la Cruz, Buenos Aires, Argentina, com o objetivo de determinar o potencial risco sanitário para pessoas que ficam em contato com esses animais. O estudo foi realizado entre a primavera de 1999 e o inverno de 2001 em 48 granjas avícolas. O estudo em gambás iniciou-se no inverno de 2000. Foram capturados 152 Rattus norvegicus, 3 Rattus rattus, 16 Didelphis albiventris e 1 Lutreolina crassicaudata. Registrou-se a presença de ratos e de gambás em 70% e 27% das granjas estudadas, respectivamente. A percentagem de granjas com ratos foi independente da

  7. Derechos humanos y sexualidad en la Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Pecheny

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta un panorama de la situación de los derechos que tienen que ver con la sexualidad, en la Argentina contemporánea. Basándose principalmente en la legislación positiva, se presenta en primer lugar una síntesis del sistema legal y político, resumiendo a continuación el proceso de inclusión de los derechos sexuales, sobre todo desde 1983, cuando se recuperó la democracia. Las temáticas abordadas son: igualdad civil y conyugalidad, orientación sexual e identidad de género, reproducción, aborto, violencia de género y violencia sexual, VIH/sida, y explotación y trabajo sexual. El artículo concluye con una reflexión sobre las principales deudas pendientes.This paper presents an overview of the situation concerning the rights related to sexuality in contemporary Argentina. Based specially on the positive legislation, it is primarily presented a synthesis of the legal and political system. Next, the paper summarizes the process of inclusion of the sexual rights, mainly since 1983, when democracy has been recovered. The following issues are addressed: civil equality and conjugality; sexual orientation and gender identity; reproduction; abortion; gender a sexual violence; HIV/Aids; and exploitation and sexual work. The paper ends with a consideration about the still remaining doubts.

  8. Astronomy in Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Muriel, Hernán

    2012-01-01

    This article analyses the current state of Astronomy in Argentina and describes its origins. We briefly describe the institutions where astronomical research takes place, the observational facilities available, the training of staff and professionals, and the role of the institutions in scientific promotion. We also discuss the outreach of Astronomy towards the general public, as well as amateur activities. The article ends with an analysis of the future prospects of astronomy in Argentina.

  9. Astronomy in Argentina

    CERN Document Server

    Muriel, Hernán

    2013-01-01

    This article analyses the current state of Astronomy in Argentina and describes its origins. We briefly describe the institutions where astronomical research takes place, the observational facilities available, the training of staff and professionals, and the role of the institutions in scientific promotion. We also discuss the outreach of Astronomy towards the general public, as well as amateur activities. The article ends with an analysis of the future prospects of astronomy in Argentina.

  10. UM ESTUDO DAS EMPRESAS LISTADAS NA BM&FBOVESPA DO SETOR DE CONSTRUÇÃO CIVIL ACERCA DO RECONHECIMENTO DAS RECEITAS E DOS CUSTOS COM BASE NO CPC 17

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenner Glaucio Lopes Lucena

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é verificar se as empresas do setor de construção civil reconhecem não só suas receitas como também seus custos com base no Pronunciamento Técnico CPC 17: contratos de construção. Para isso, foi realizada uma análise de conteúdo nas notas explicativas, do período de 2009 e 2010, de 22 empresas do setor de construção civil listadas na BM&FBovespa a fim de investigar se estas estão atendendo os requisitos do CPC 17 em relação ao reconhecimento das receitas e custos. Esta pesquisa é classificada como qualitativa, quantitativa, descritiva e documental. Nos achados foram encontrados que 100% das empresas não apresentaram a modalidade de costplus, porém 68% utilizam o método da percentagem completada (POC. Segundo esse método, a receita contratual deve ser proporcional aos custos contratuais incorridos em cada etapa de medição. Os resultados demonstram que 41% das empresas apresentaram os valores dos custos de mão de obra no local da execução do contrato, incluindo sua supervisão e os custos de materiais usados na construção. Dessa forma, conclui-se que 59% atenderam a dois dos subitens analisados no que tange ao reconhecimento dos custos, no entanto mais de 50% atenderam aos requisitos da OCPC 01, que trata da formação do custo do imóvel, objeto da incorporação imobiliária. Por fim, quanto à divulgação das informações, observou-se que nenhuma das empresas divulga suas receitas e custos com base nos subitens do CPC 17. Portanto, o resultado das empresas pode se mostrar diferente do que realmente deveria ser para efeito de tributação.

  11. Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner. Argentina esileedi sihib abikaasa kohta / Evelyn Kaldoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldoja, Evelyn, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 30. okt. lk. 11. Argentina presidendivalimiste kindlaks võitjaks on ajakirjanduse arvates praeguse presidendi abikaasa Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner. Vt. samas: Presidendiproua lähim konkurent on endine iluduskuninganna

  12. Los límites impuestos a la desobediencia civil:una revisión

    OpenAIRE

    Colombo, Ariel

    2012-01-01

    El artículo revisa -tomando como referencia el episodio de un bloqueo de vías en Argentina durante siete días con sus noches, por parte de los habitantes de las localidades de Cutralco y Plaza Huincul, Argentina, con motivo de la privatización de YPF- el debate sobre la desobediencia civil, que es usualmente entendida como una desobediencia por la fuerza al orden constitucional. El autor desarrolla los componentes que la desobediencia civil tiene de específico, a saber: es disruptiva, pacífic...

  13. Alma, mente e cérebro na pré-história e nas primeiras civilizações humanas Soul, mind and brain in pre-history and early human civilizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiano dos Santos Castro

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Atualmente, o debate sobre a natureza da mente humana vem tomando novos rumos graças ao desenvolvimento de diversos estudos, no campo das neurociências, que investigam a localização das funções cerebrais. Esses trabalhos vêm contribuindo para uma melhor compreensão dos substratos neurais das funções mentais, bem como da etiologia de diversos transtornos mentais. Entretanto, o conhecimento acumulado pela neurociência não ocorreu de forma súbita. Na verdade, o estudo das relações entre o cérebro e a mente não é recente. Da pré-história aos dias atuais, surgiram vários tipos de questionamentos a respeito da possível materialidade e localização das funções mentais humana. O presente trabalho apresenta, de forma histórica, como populações pré-históricas, assim como as primeiras civilizações, localizadas no Egito, na Mesopotâmia, na Índia e na China, desenvolveram e utilizaram conceitos relacionados com a alma, a mente e o cérebro humano.Currently, the debate about the nature of the human mind is taking new directions through the development of several studies in the field of neuroscience which investigates the location of brain functions. These studies have contributed to a better understanding of the neural substrates of mental functions and the etiology of various mental disorders. However, the knowledge developed by neuroscience did not occur abruptly. Indeed, the study of mind-brain relationship is not new. From pre-history to the present days, various different types of inquiries have been made about the possible materiality and location of human mental functions. This paper presents, in a historic manner, how prehistoric populations as well as early civilizations located in Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, and China developed and employed concepts related to the soul, the mind and the human brain.

  14. Segurança no trabalho e desenvolvimento de produto: diretrizes para integração na construção civil Safety and product development: guidelines for integration in construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarcisio Abreu Saurin

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta diretrizes para a integração de requisitos de segurança no trabalho à etapa de desenvolvimento de produto (DP na construção civil. As diretrizes foram desenvolvidas a partir de entrevistas com um grupo de sete projetistas da construção civil, uma entrevista com a projetista de ar condicionado e um estudo exploratório de integração da segurança ao processo de DP. Embora as entrevistas tenham indicado que a integração ainda é uma prática pouco disseminada na construção, a preocupação com a segurança do usuário final, assim como a boa receptividade a uma futura lei que obrigue a integração da segurança aos projetos (como já existe na União Européia, são indícios da viabilidade da mudança desta realidade. Em termos operacionais, propõe-se que a integração esteja fundamentada na adoção do ciclo de gerenciamento de riscos em cada etapa do projeto, assim como em bancos de dados de medidas práticas de integração adequadas à realidade nacional. Além disso, há amplas oportunidades para que a segurança seja considerada como mais uma dimensão nas técnicas e modelos existentes de desenvolvimento de produto.This paper presents guidelines for integrating safety into the product development process in construction industry. As a basis for developing the guidelines the following data were collected: interviews with seven designers from construction industry; an interview with a designer of air conditioners; an exploratory study of integration of safety into product development. Even though the interviews have pointed out that the integration is still adopted to a minor extent in construction, there were evidences that this reality might be changed. Designers both usually took into account safety of end users and were likely to welcome a regulation that established safety into design as a mandatory requirement, similarly to what occurs in the European Union. For practical purposes, it is

  15. Civil Law Glossary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Update on Law-Related Education, 1997

    1997-01-01

    Presents a glossary of civil law terms originally compiled for journalists by the American Bar Association. Defines many essential civil law concepts and practices including compensatory damages, jurisdiction, motion to dismiss, discovery, and remedy. (MJP)

  16. Las masacres del olvido: Napalpí y Rincón Bomba en la genealogía del genocidio y el racismo de estado en la Argentina As massacres esquecidas: Napalpí e Rincón Bomba na genealogia do genocídio e o racismo de Estado em Argentina The massacres of the oblivion: Napalpí and Rincon Bomba in the genealogy of the genocide and racism of state in Argentine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Hugo Trinchero

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El objetivo del artículo es intentar trazar una genealogía de algunas prácticas genocidas en la Argentina y, de esta manera, poder comprender las formas recurrentes de masacres sobre población indígena y no indígena producidas por el Estado nacional argentino en su proceso de formación neo-colonial. Específicamente, se detendrá en dos casos que sucedieron ya bien entrado el siglo pasado, es decir, muy a posteriori de la pretendida solución final del General Roca en el sur y las campañas de exterminio desarrolladas por el ejército argentino en el norte y muy anteriores al genocidio de la última dictadura militar. Se trata de la masacre de Napalpí, llevada a cabo en el año 1924 en la provincia de Chaco, y la masacre denominada "Rincón Bomba", perpetrada en el año 1947 en la provincia de Formosa. Ambas masacres de pueblos originarios están siendo revisadas recientemente como un necesario ejercicio de la verdad y la memoria.O objetivo desse artigo é tentar fazer uma genealogia de algumas praticas genocidas em Argentina e, desse maneira, conseguir compreender as formas repetidas das massacres da população indígena e não indígena provocadas pelo Estado nacional Argentino no processo de formação neo-colonial. Especificamente, se analisarão dois casos que aconteceram bem começado o século passado, ou seja, bem depois da pretendida solução final proposta pelo General Roca no sul do pais e as campanhas de extermínio desenvolvidas pelo exercito Argentino no Norte e muito anteriores ao genocídio da ultima ditadura militar. O artigo é sobre a massacre de Napalpí -acontecida no ano 1924 na Província do Chaco-, e a massacre denominada "Rincón Bomba"- acontecida no ano 1947 na Província de Formosa-. As duas massacres de Povos Originários estão sendo revisadas em tempo recente como um necessário exercício de memória e de verdade.The aim of this article is to draw up a genealogy of certain genocide practices in

  17. Helosis (Balanophoraceae en Argentina Helosis (Balanophoraceae in Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Fontana

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Se cita por primera vez para Argentina Helosis cayennensis (Swartz Sprengel var. cayennensis en base a colecciones hechas por los autores en la Isla argentina de Apipé Grande, Ituzaingó, provincia de Corrientes. Se describe e ilustra la especie, el desarrollo de la planta y su estado de conservación. Esta cita de Helosis corresponde a un género nuevo para la flora argentina.Helosis cayennensis var. cayennensis is reported for the first time for Argentina. The species is described and ilustrated. Developement and ecology are also given. Helosis is also a new generic record for Argentina.

  18. Det civile samfund

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Lars Skov

    2014-01-01

    Kapitlet giver en oversigt over de vigtigste teoretiske forståelser af begrebet om det civile samfund. Desuden giver kapitlet en empirisk oversigt over foreninger og organisationer i det danske civilsamfund samt befolkningens civile engagement.......Kapitlet giver en oversigt over de vigtigste teoretiske forståelser af begrebet om det civile samfund. Desuden giver kapitlet en empirisk oversigt over foreninger og organisationer i det danske civilsamfund samt befolkningens civile engagement....

  19. The life human being and its new paradigms: the genetic manipulation and the implications in the sphere of the civil liability Da vida humana e seus novos paradigmas: a manipulação genética e as implicações na esfera da responsabilidade civil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valkíria Aparecida Lopes Ferraro

    2006-12-01

    velocidade de informações e das constantes descobertas científicas do Mundo Contemporâneo. Nesse diálogo entre as inovações científicas e a adequação jurídica aos comportamentos delas advindos, depreende-se que o direito não pode mais ficar à espera de casos concretos para regulamentar o assunto. Ao contrário, deve o direito ter o condão de trazer mecanismos assecuratórios eficientes às relações contratuais e extracontratuais firmadas entre as partes envolvidas, e também da sociedade de forma geral, se pensarmos na proteção da vida das gerações futuras. De uma forma ou de outra, seu objetivo principal continua sendo a proteção dos direitos fundamentais, principalmente o direito à vida digna. Tal tarefa não é fácil, pois o problema encontrado no presente tema é que tampouco a ciência tem resposta quando é inquirida sobre as prováveis conseqüências das pesquisas que envolvem a manipulação genética células vegetais e humanas. Refrear tais pesquisas não se faz oportuno, ante à esperança da cura de doenças e de maior qualidade de vida. Por outro lado, “brincar de Deus” é tarefa preocupante, ante os danos que porventura possam causar à humanidade. A legislação global, na grande maioria, não tem apresentado posições favoráveis à manipulação genética de células de embriões. O presente trabalho vem de encontro com as lacunas deixadas pela Lei e as situações que reclama maior atenção: a questão do dano genético e sua reparação civil, principalmente com relação à aplicação, nesses casos, da Teoria Objetiva da responsabilidade civil.

  20. Brasil, Argentina e América do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Nogueira Batista Jr.

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available ESTE trabalho discute alguns aspectos da evolução econômica recente do Brasil, da Argentina e de outros países da América do Sul. Tendências econômicas e intelectuais perigosas, tais como a "globalização", o chamado Consenso de Washington, a dolarização e as negociações da Alca (Área de Livre Comércio das Américas, perderam ímpeto e a América do Sul está se movendo gradualmente na direção de um posicionamento mais independente na condução das suas política econômicas e internacionais. As mudanças foram muito mais significativas na Argentina do que no Brasil e isso se tornou fonte de alguma tensão entre os dois principais países sul-americanos. Não obstante, uma aliança estratégica entre Argentina e Brasil continua sendo a pedra angular da integração da América do Sul.THIS PAPER discusses some aspects of the recent economic evolution of Brazil, Argentina and other South American countries. Dangerous economic and intellectual trends, such as "globalization", the so-called Washington Consensus, dollarization, and FTAA (Free Trade Area of the Americas negotiations, have lost momentum and South America is moving gradually towards a more independent stance in the conduct of its economic and foreign policies. Changes have been much more significant in Argentina than in Brazil and this has become a source of some tension between the two major South American countries. Nevertheless, a strategic alliance between Argentina and Brazil remains the corner stone of South American integration.

  1. Análise de práticas contabilísticas na antiga civilização mesopotâmica = Analysis of accounting practices in the former mesopotamian Civilization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Gonçalves

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Constitui um facto perfeitamente verificável que nas últimas décadas se tem vindo a dedicar umaatenção crescente a trabalhos em História da Contabilidade. Antes dos estudos consideradoshoje como fazendo parte da Nova História da Contabilidade, os historiadores da nossa disciplinaconsagraram as suas investigações a aspectos relacionados com a origem e os processosevolutivos da Contabilidade, particularmente no que toca ao exame de práticas contabilísticas emcivilizações antigas. Com base na revisão da literatura de autores não-contabilísticos econtabilísticos (principalmente aqueles que se podem classificar como historiadoresconvencionais da Contabilidade, a questão magna que versamos neste trabalho respeita ànarração resumida de algumas técnicas contabilísticas praticadas no seio da mais antigacivilização da humanidade - a Mesopotâmia.It is a perfectly verifiable fact that in recent decades increasing attention has been devoting to works inAccounting History. Before studies considered today as part of the New Accounting History, historiansof our discipline dedicated their research to aspects on the origin and evolutionary processes ofAccounting, particularly with regard to the examination of accounting practices in ancient civilizations.Based on the review of the literature of non-accounting and Accounting authors, mainly those that canbe classified as conventional Accounting historians, the broader issue discussed in this work thusrelates to the narrative summary of some accounting techniques practiced within the most ancientcivilization of mankind - Mesopotamia.

  2. A lab in Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    Mauricio Erben, a researcher at the National University of La Plata and the National Scientific and Technical Research Council, talks to Nature Chemistry about his experience of research in Argentina, and how it is inherently linked to the country's political climate.

  3. Radiation vulcanization in Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The possibilities of using in Argentina the radiation process to vulcanize natural latex are analyzed. Experimental studies to define the irradiation conditions have been carried out and the preliminary elaboration of an irradiation device that includes the chemical reactor has been started. (author)

  4. Mathematics Education in Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varsavsky, Cristina; Anaya, Marta

    2009-01-01

    This article gives an overview of the state of mathematics education in Argentina across all levels, in the regional and world contexts. Statistics are drawn from Mercosur and UNESCO data bases, World Education Indicators and various national time-series government reports. Mathematics results in national testing programmes, Programme for…

  5. Rickettsia parkeri in Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Nava, Santiago; Elshenawy, Yasmin; Eremeeva, Marina E.; Sumner, John W.; Mastropaolo, Mariano; Paddock, Christopher D.

    2008-01-01

    Clinical reports of an eschar-associated rickettsiosis in the Paraná River Delta of Argentina prompted an evaluation of Amblyomma triste ticks in this region. When evaluated by PCR, 17 (7.6%) of 223 questing adult A. triste ticks, collected from 2 sites in the lower Paraná River Delta, contained DNA of Rickettsia parkeri.

  6. Albert Einstein visits Argentina

    CERN Document Server

    Gangui, A; Gangui, Alejandro; Ortiz, Eduardo L.

    2005-01-01

    This is a detailed, day by day, account of Albert Einstein's activities, both social and scientific, during his 30-day stay in Argentina in 1925, including his lectures on relativity at the various local universities and his visit to the National Academy of Sciences, as follows from his personal Diary of the trip to South-America and other contemporary documents.

  7. La transformación de "lo étnico" en producto turístico en la provincia de Chaco, Argentina A transformação do "étnico" em produto turístico na província de Chaco, Argentina The transformation of "the ethnic" in a tourist product in the province of Chaco, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Torres Fernández

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Hace unos años, la provincia del Chaco inició un proceso de "revalorización" de sus "culturas internas" para su apuesta a un turismo nacional que comenzaba a demandar destinos cada vez más especializados. En este proceso, echó mano de todos aquellos "elementos culturales" que, si no estaban ya transformados en atractivo turístico, pudieran convertirse en tales. En este escrito me focalizaré en el proceso que transforma "lo étnico" en producto turístico a partir de dos mecanismos: recategorizando las artesanías indígenas como patrimonio localizado y revalorizando a los pueblos indígenas como "patrimonio cultural viviente". En este clima de inflación patrimonial, "lo étnico" se trasforma en un producto turístico más de la oferta provincial. Analizaré el "turismo étnico" como praxis-sentido que coayuda a la conformación de un campo social en el cual "lo étnico" opera como dispositivo que incluye, demarca y excluye simultáneamente "múltiples formas de lo diferente".A alguns anos, a província do Chaco iniciou um processo de "revalorização" de sua "cultura interna", uma aposta ao turismo nacional que começou a demandar destinos cada vez mais especializados. Neste processo, abriu mão de todos aqueles "elementos culturais" que, se não estavam já transformados em atrativo turístico, pudeieran para ficar tal. Neste texto focalizarei no processo que transforma "o étnico" em produto turístico a partir de dois mecanismos: recategorização do artesanato indígena como patrimônio local e revalorização dos povos indígenas como "patrimônio cultural vivo". Neste clima de inflação patrimonial, "o étnico" transforma-se em mais um produto turístico na oferta provincial. Analisarei o "turismo étnico" como práxis sentido que colabora a conformação de um campo social no qual "o étnico" opera como dispositivo que inclui, define e exclui simultaneamente "múltiplas formas do diferente".A few years ago, the province of Chaco

  8. Processo de empoderamento feminino mediado pela qualificação para o trabalho na construção civil El proceso de empoderamiento femenino mediado por la calificación para el trabajo en la construcción civil Female empowerment process mediated through qualification to work on civil construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Celeste Landerdahl

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Pesquisa qualitativa, exploratório-descritiva que objetivou conhecer as repercussões do Programa de Extensão Universitária Mulheres Conquistando Cidadania no cotidiano de mulheres participantes. Foi desenvolvida em um município do interior do Rio Grande do Sul/Brasil. Participaram do estudo 13 mulheres egressas do Programa referido. As entrevistas semiestruturadas foram realizadas nos meses de janeiro a agosto/2011. Da análise de conteúdo temática destacou-se a categoria: processo de empoderamento a partir da participação no Programa Mulheres Conquistando Cidadania. Identificaram-se a construção de confiança, a mudança significativa na postura e o modo de pensar das mulheres em relação a sua autopercepção, conhecimento e poder de decisão. Constataram-se transformações na forma de pensar os papéis sociais de mulheres e homens a partir de referenciais de cidadania e empoderamento. Conclui-se que tal experiência, tanto no que se refere à Extensão quanto à presente pesquisa, constitui-se uma temática atual e necessária na área de saúde da mulher.Investigación cualitativa, exploratoria-descriptiva que tuvo por objetivo conocer las repercusiones del Programa de Extensión Universitaria Mujeres Ganando Ciudadanía en la vida cotidiana de las mujeres participantes. Fue desarrollada en una ciudad del interior de Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Participaron del estudio 13 mujeres egresadas del programa. Las entrevistas semiestructuradas se llevaron a cabo de enero a agosto/2011. El análisis de contenido temático destacó la categoría: proceso de empoderamiento a partir de la participación de las mujeres en el Programa Mujeres Ganando Ciudadanía. Se identificó la construcción de la confianza, un cambio significativo en la actitud y en el pensamiento de la mujer en relación a la percepción de sí misma, conocimiento y poder de decisión. Mostraron transformaciones en la forma de pensar acerca de los papeles sociales de

  9. Civil Society and Governance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hulgård, Lars

    An illustration of how important the relationship is between civil society anbd governance. A short historic journey with four snapshots of times and situations that have provided interesting evidence about the connection between civil society and governance. My goal for the short historic journey...... is to make clear and hopefully even verify that providing knowledge about the impact of civil society and citizens’ participation on governance is one of the most urgent research tasks in the current period of time....

  10. Civil Action Exercise Conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Bojinca, Moise

    2010-01-01

    The specialized literature defines civil action as being: “the legal means used by a person in order to ask the court to recognize its right or to fulfil this right, by ending the obstacles put by another person or through an adequate compensation Irrespective of its definition method, civil action is considered a central institution around which the entire activity of the court of law and of the parties gravitates. Next, we will discuss the requirements for exercising civil action: expressio...

  11. Civil engineering terminology

    OpenAIRE

    Kuhta, Milan; Brunčič, Ana

    2015-01-01

    Among all crises, which have struck Slovenian construction industry, the crisis of civil engineering terminology is perhaps less noticeable, but still as important as all the others. The lack of fundamental characteristics of proper terminology causes a reasonable doubt whether Slovenian civil engineering terminology actually exists. After three editions of Splošni tehniški slovar (A General Technical Dictionary), a preparation of the new civil engineering dictionary represents one step towar...

  12. Civil Society and Accountability

    OpenAIRE

    Kaldor, Mary

    2002-01-01

    The paper provides a brief historical overview of the concept of civil society and the relevance of different meanings to the notion of 'voice' as it relates to poor people. It outlines civil society actors that might be helpful in clarifying different forms of accountability. And in the last section, it draws some conclusions and policy recommendations about the accountability of different types of civil society groups.

  13. El rol de las colectividades árabe/islámica y judía de la Argentina respecto del Medio Oriente (1947-2007) : Peso, influencia y presiones de estas colectividades en relación con la polìtica interior y exterior del estado argentino y sobre la sociedad civil argentina global en lo concerniente al Conflicto del Medio Oriente y las relaciones interestatales entre Argentina y países de esa área. La existencia o no de un lobby judío

    OpenAIRE

    Méndez, Norberto Raúl

    2008-01-01

    La cuestión que nos planteamos se centra principalmente en conocer si las colectividades árabe y judía de Argentina cumpliríana un rol en la determinación de la política exterior gubernamental con los países de Medio Oriente, con la posición argentina respecto del conflicto en dicha región y también si esta influencia se manifestaría en la política interior del Estado hacia ambas colectividades. Nos serviremos del análisis de ciertos hitos históricos como eje ordenador del tratamiento. Rastre...

  14. Helosis (Balanophoraceae) en Argentina Helosis (Balanophoraceae) in Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    José Luis Fontana; Orlando Fabián Popoff

    2006-01-01

    Se cita por primera vez para Argentina Helosis cayennensis (Swartz) Sprengel var. cayennensis en base a colecciones hechas por los autores en la Isla argentina de Apipé Grande, Ituzaingó, provincia de Corrientes. Se describe e ilustra la especie, el desarrollo de la planta y su estado de conservación. Esta cita de Helosis corresponde a un género nuevo para la flora argentina.Helosis cayennensis var. cayennensis is reported for the first time for Argentina. The species is described and ilustra...

  15. Legalisation of Civil Wars

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buhl, Kenneth Øhlenschlæger

    2009-01-01

    This article is concerned with the legal challenges of regulating civil wars in international humanitarian law. Civil war is not a term used in international law; it falls however, withing the context of the legal term 'armed conflicts not of an international character', although the shorter 'non......-international armed conflict' is used here. Civil wars are usually limited to the territory of a state. Considering that international law is generally concerned with the legal relations between states – being a legal system based on the system of states with states as its subjects – the main question is how civil...... wars as internal conflicts have become subject to international humanitarian law....

  16. Sobre as relações entre o sexual e o mal-estar na civilização: uma discussão acerca das perspectivas freudianas the relationship between sexuality and the discontent in civilization: a debate regarding on Freudian perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Virginia de Q. Pinheiro

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente artigo é examinar as formulações freudianas acerca das relações entre o sujeito às voltas com encontrar possibilidades de satisfação libidinal e o avanço da civilização. Consideramos que podemos estabelecer diferenças entre duas concepções freudianas: 1 uma oposição entre sexualidade e coletividade; 2 a civilização como vínculo libidinal. A primeira refere-se ao texto "Moral sexual civilizada e doença nervosa moderna" (1908 e a segunda, ao texto de 1930, "Mal-estar na civilização". A propósito da noção de civilização, estabelecemos uma articulação entre Freud e Norbert Elias, na medida em que partimos da idéia de que o conceito de civilização em Freud remete à experiência propriamente moderna de formação de laço social. Trata-se, com efeito, de uma forma de sociabilidade baseada na auto-regulação.This article’s aim is to analyze the Freudian formulations regarding the relationship between the subject, occupied with finding possibilities of libidinous satisfaction, and the advance of civilization. We consider that a difference can be established between two Freudian conceptions 1 an opposition between sexuality and collectivity; 2 civilization as a libidinous bond. The first one is found in the text "Civilized sexual morality and modern nervousness" (1908, and the second in the text of 1930, "Civilization and its discontents". Regarding the conception of civilization, we relate ideas of Freud and Norbert Elias, since we consider that the concept of civilization in Freud refers to the modern experience of social bond. Therefore, it is a form of sociability based on self-regulation.

  17. AutoCAD Civil 3D - Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Luketić, Antonio; Padovan, Ivan

    2011-01-01

    AutoCAD Civil 3D je vrlo kompleksan i napredan program za geodeziju i građevinarstvo. Survey izbornik predstavlja mali dio tog softvera. U programu je sadržana mogućnost kreiranja vlastitih kodova kao i naredbi kojima možemo ubrzati vizualizaciju izmjerenih objekata. Njegovim korištenjem se znatno skraćuje vrijeme obrade podataka. Članak je napisan na temelju jednostavnog, ali korisnog primjera kojime smo željeli upoznati čitatelje s prilično nepoznatom aplikacijom koju nudi AutoCAD Civil 3D....

  18. Argentina set for privatization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buyers are lining up for Argentina's two big state-controlled petrochemical groups, Buenos Aires-based Petroquimica General Mosconi (PGM) and Petroquimica Bahia Blance (PBB). However, feedstock supply contracts with government-owned oil group Yacientos Petroliferos Fiscales (YPG) and gas group Gas del Estado hold the key to both sales. Shell Compania Argentina Petroleo SA (CAPSA), Perez Companc, and Global Petroleum have already bought PGM tender documentation. Shell says it will bid for PGM if the feedstock contract with YPF is acceptable. In addition to price and volume, Shell says the length is critical; it wants a 15-year deal, but would settle for 11. YPF initially sought a five-year contract. PGM, which produces 300,000 m.t./year of aromatics, plus oxo alcohols, methanol, and methyl tert-butyl ether, has sales of $150 million/year

  19. Refractions of Civil Society

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuzmanovic, Daniella

    The thesis investigates various perceptions of civil society among civic activists in Turkey, and how these perceptions are produced and shaped. The thesis is an anthropological contribution to studies of civil society in general, as well as to studies on political culture in Turkey....

  20. Apps for Ancient Civilizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Stephanie

    2011-01-01

    This project incorporates technology and a historical emphasis on science drawn from ancient civilizations to promote a greater understanding of conceptual science. In the Apps for Ancient Civilizations project, students investigate an ancient culture to discover how people might have used science and math smartphone apps to make their lives…

  1. Civil War and Inoperativity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flohr, Mikkel

    2016-01-01

    This article analyses the penultimate publication in Giorgio Agambens Homo Sacer-series Stasis: Civil War as a Political Paradigm. It compares and contrasts the paradigm of civil war with the preceding paradigm of the exception, and identifies a significant displacement in the relationship between...

  2. Fruit fly eradication: Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fruit exports account for 9% of Argentina's total agricultural exports and generate annually close to $450 million. This could be increased but for fruit flies that cause damage equivalent to 15% to 20% of present production value of fruit and also deny export access to countries imposing quarantine barriers. The Department of Technical Co-operation is sponsoring a programme, with technical support from the Joint FAO/IAEA Division, to eradicate the Mediterranean fruit fly using the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT). (IAEA)

  3. The Huillin in Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Chehebar C.

    1986-01-01

    We recommend re-introduction of huillines in Lanin, Puelo and Los Alerces National Parks, through translocations of animals, so as to minimize the risks involved in the present dependence on Nahuel Huapi and Staten Island (as far as we know) for the conservation of the species in Argentina. Also, we recommend careful monitoring and protection of the Nahuel Huapi population and protection of the Staten Island ecosystems.

  4. Psychology In Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Modesto M. Alonso

    2016-01-01

    A summary on Psychology as science and profession in Argentina is presented. The report includes a historical review on places, criteria and results of psychologists'education, aspects of their professional practices; quantitative data on universities, graduates and students related to sociodemographic variables; characteristics of research activities, publications, legal frameworks and types of institutions where psychologists work. Some distinctive features of Argentine psychology are menti...

  5. Dollarization in Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Francois R. Velde; Marcelo Veracierto

    1993-01-01

    Argentina became highly "dollarized" during its hyperinflations of 1989 and early 1990. Although inflation has returned to very low rates, a high degree of dollarization has persisted during the early 1990s, counter to what the currency substitution hypothesis predicts. This paper provides new evidence that explains the continued dollarization of the Argentine economy. ; First, we develop a new measure of dollar currency circulating in foreign countries. This measure improves our ability to a...

  6. Islam dan Civil Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imam Sukardi

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The article tries to address the concept of civil society from varied perspectives. From a historical point of view, civil society demands not only the absent domination of state but also liberates individuals from the hegemony of state. The article shows that in Indonesia and Malaysian discourse, masyarakat madani is often used to represent the term of civil society. Using this conception, major values of civil society also share with basic ideas within the Medina Treaty in the history of Islam. These ideas include egalitarianism, human rights protection, participation, law and justice enforcement and pluralism. In this frame, the question on whether or not Islam is compatible with the concept of civil society is clearly answered. Muslims could benefit such a concept to build their awareness of being progressive and adaptive to social changes.

  7. Reconceptualizing Civil Regulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Galang, Roberto Martin; Castello, Itziar

    2011-01-01

    This article re-conceptualizes the notion of civil regulation, through an analysis of 775 projects by firms located in 21 Asian countries, wherein we map the state of civil regulation initiatives in the region. We challenge two established assumptions in the Corporate Social Responsibility...... literature. First, contrary to what is commonly argued, we claim that strong states in Asia promote civil regulation in what we call the “paradox of the weak state”. Second, we not only argue that civil regulation is mainly enforced by multinational enterprises willing to promote international social and...... environmental standards; but also that local, small and medium companies play a key role in the development of Asian civil regulation. We call this second finding the “CSR importation trap”. Our findings are supported by evidence on the limitations in the interchangeable properties of business and governments...

  8. Argentina [Country report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The airborne geophysical surveys developed in Argentina are described. They have got more than 500.000 km2 acquiring data for U, Th, K and total background activity. Other types of published data are also mentioned (satellite imagery, seismic hazard, climate, soil distributions, etc.). The availability of maps with the abundances of elements analyzed at the country and also at laboratories from Canada is described, as well as data of analysis of several elements at two study areas proposed at the outset of the project. The availability of process rate data and epidemiological data is also explained. Argentina intended fully to participate in the CRP at the outset of the project. Due, however, to external resource constraints imposed on the participating organization (Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, CNEA), the level of participation had to be significantly reduced. Nonetheless, in the first period of the CRP, Argentina undertook to collate existing geological and geochemical information within the country, and began to define potential areas for site specific natural systems safety indicator studies. (author)

  9. Avances y rémoras de las concepciones morales en la sociedad argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Barrancos, Dora Beatriz

    2013-01-01

    La comunicación plantea algunos cambios vinculados con la moral sexual en la Argentina y también la persistencia de viejas nociones. Se analizan las dificultades que hubo para la obtención de derechos civiles en comparación con otros países, especialmente el divorcio. Se contrasta esa dificultad legal con ciertas conductas del pasado, como los casamientos de argentinos y de residentes argentinos en el Uruguay, en muchos casos bígamos. En un giro de cambios inesperados, la Argentina modificó l...

  10. Argentina's radioactive waste disposal policy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Argentina policy for radioactive waste disposal from nuclear facilities is presented. The radioactive wastes are treated and disposed in confinement systems which ensure the isolation of the radionucles for an appropriate period. The safety criteria adopted by Argentina Authorities in case of the release of radioactive materials under normal conditions and in case of accidents are analysed. (M.C.K.)

  11. DEUDA EXTERNA Y DEUDA PÚBLICA SUSTENTABLES EN ARGENTINA

    OpenAIRE

    Mario Eduardo Firmenich

    2011-01-01

    Las propuestas de solución de un problema estructural tan grave como el de la deuda externa de los países del Sur en general y de la Argentina en particular no debería ser algo de exclusiva responsabilidad de los gobiernos.Esto significa que todos los estamentos de la sociedad civil deben asumir su responsabilidad en construir una opinión pública sobre qué hacer frente al problema de la deuda externa, porque será el conjunto social el que se beneficiará de una correcta solución de este proble...

  12. Civil & Criminal Penalties

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Consumer Product Safety Commission — When CPSC is involved in a civil or criminal investigations into violations of the Consumer Products Safety Act the Commission publishes final determinations and...

  13. Transnationalising Civil Society?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Martin Bak

    The paper takes a transnational perspective on developing an analytical framework for understanding how transnationalism interacts with civil society and how immigrant organisations use transnational strategies to challenge the pre-given positions of immigrants within given integration- and...

  14. Civil Procedure In Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    The book contains an up-to-date survey of Danish civil procedure after the profound Danish procedural reforms in 2007. It deals with questions concerning competence and function of Danish courts, commencement and preparation of civil cases, questions of evidence and burden of proof, international...... procedural questions, including relations to the Brussels I Regulation and Denmark's participation in this Regulation via a parallel convention with the EU countries, impact on Danish civil procedure of the convention on human rights, preparation and pronouncement of judgment and verdict, questions of appeal...... scientific activities conducted by the author, partly based on the author's experience as a member, through a number of years, of the Danish Standing Committee on Procedural Law (Retsplejeraadet), which on a continuous basis evaluates the need for civil procedural reforms in Denmark, and finally also based...

  15. RERTR activities in Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Atomic Energy Commission of Argentina has been an active participant of the RERTR program since 1978. An important milestone of the Argentinean RERTR program was the development and manufacturing at industrial scale of U3O8 dispersed fuel and its subsequent application to the conversion of the RA-3 reactor core to LEU fuel. More recently, our activities were focused on the development of U3Si2 fuel with a density of 4.8 gU/cm3 and the improvement of the manufacturing process of this type of fuel. The program to qualify CNEA as a supplier U3Si2 dispersed fuels is scheduled to finalize by mid 2003. To hasten this program the main research reactor of Argentina, the RA3, raised its power from 5 MW to 8 Mw in October this year. This is an intermediate step in the program to increase RA-3 power to 10 MW Currently, one of the main objectives is to develop and qualify the technology for the production of high-density LEU fuel elements using U-Mo alloy. An original way to produce U-Mo powder (the HMD process) was developed and its being upgraded to plant scale production. Another significant progress was the development of LEU targets for the production of 99Mo, in the form of miniplates prepared with dispersed LEU U-Alx. The shipment to USA of 207 MTR spent fuels containing US origin highly enriched uranium, successfully carried out in the end of 2000, is another remarkable achievement of the Argentinean RERTR program. This activity was carried out in the framework of the United States Foreign Research Reactor Spent Nuclear Fuel Acceptance Program. The fuels were fabricated in Argentina and used in the RA-3 reactor from 1968 to 1987. The inventory of the shipped HEU spent fuel consisted in 166 standard assemblies and 41 control assemblies. (author)

  16. Caracterização do consumo de bebidas alcoólicas durante a realização de trabalho na construção civil : implicações para a segurança ocupacional

    OpenAIRE

    Bizarro, Maria Margarida de Campos

    2007-01-01

    El consumo de alcohol y la ejecución de trabajo vienen siendo señalados como una de las principales razones de la elevada siniestralidad ocurrida en determinados sectores, en particular en la construcción civil. En Portugal, como en otros países europeos, el sector de la construcción civil es el sector profesional que presenta más elevados índices de siniestralidad. Es consensual el impacto del consumo de alcohol en los comportamientos individuales y, en concreto, en la seguridad de ...

  17. Civil justice reform II

    OpenAIRE

    McInnis, A

    2002-01-01

    In the column last month our regular contributor Dr Arthur McInnis took our first look at Hong Kong's Civil Justice Reform Interim Report and Consultative Paper. Those reforms as noted and if enacted, would bring the most far-reaching changes to civil - including construction -litigation in more than 100 years. This month, in the second of the two-part series, we look at the key concepts underlying and the details in the specific proposals.

  18. Case study - Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Antecedents and experience of nuclear activities in Argentina; the Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA). First development and research activities. Research reactors and radioisotopes plants. Health physics and safety regulations. - Feasibility studies for the first nuclear power plant. Awarding the first plant CNA I (Atucha I). Relevant data related to the different project stages. Plant performance. - Feasibility study for the second nuclear power plant. Awarding the second plant CNE (Central Nuclear Embalse). Relevant data related to established targets. Differences compared with the first station targets. Local participation. Plant performance. (orig./GL)

  19. Salmonella enteritidis in Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caffer, M I; Eiguer, T

    1994-01-01

    A significant increase in the number of isolations of Salmonella enteritidis has been observed in Argentina since 1986. Outbreaks of foodborne diseases in humans were associated with the consumption of raw or undercooked hens' eggs. Between 1986 and the first 6 months of 1993 there were 150 outbreaks reported, affecting more than 6000 persons. A total of 71.3% of these outbreaks were confirmed by stool cultures, and 47.3% by bacteriological study of the food implicated in the outbreak. A permanent surveillance of salmonellosis is imperative, taking into account the persistence of Salmonella enteritidis isolations in sporadic cases and in new outbreaks. PMID:8155472

  20. Nuclear energy and civilization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The role of energy is indeed very important since without it there will be no living-things in this world. A country's ability to cultivate energy determines the levels of her civilization and wealth. Sufficient energy supply is needed for economic growth, industrialization, and modernization. In a modern civilization, the prosperity and security of a country depends more on the capability of her people rather than the wealth of her natural resources. Energy supplies the wealth, prosperity and security, and sufficient reliable continuous supply of energy secures the sustainable development. The energy supply to sustain the development has to improve the quality of life covering also the quality of environment to support the ever increasing demand of human race civilization. Energy has a closer relationship with civilization in a modern society and will have to become even closer in the future more civilized and more modern society. The utilization of nuclear energy has, however, some problems and challenges, e.g. misleading information and understanding which need serious efforts for public information, public relation, and public acceptance, and possible deviation of nuclear materials for non-peaceful uses which needs serious efforts for technological and administrative barriers, precaution, prevention, safety, physical protection, safeguard, and transparency. These require cooperation among nuclear community. The cooperation should be more pronounced by heterogeneous growing Asian countries to reach harmony for mutual benefits toward better civilization. (J.P.N.)

  1. Civil Rights: Progress Report, 1970

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diamond, Robert A., Ed.; Alligood, Arlene, Ed.

    Contents of this comprehensive review of civil rights developments from 1968 to 1970 include: Introduction--civil rights 1970: progress continues, priority wanes; Legislative Background--20 years of civil rights; Commission Report--civil rights enforcement; a promise unfulfilled; Supreme Court Decision--key decision on busing, racial balance…

  2. Reforming Russian Civil Procedur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitry Maleshin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The II Annual Symposium of the journal Herald of Civil Procedure ‘2015: The Civil Procedure 2.0: Reform and Current State’ took place on October 9, 2015, at the Faculty of Law of Kazan (Volga region Federal University.The Symposium is now an established tradition for the University. In 2015 it brought together in Kazan eminent scholars of civil procedure from cities across the whole of Russia: Moscow, St. Petersburg, Saratov, Ekaterinburg, Omsk, Samara, Nizhnekamsk and others. This large-scale event attracted the attention not only of Russian scholars, but also of legal scholars from abroad: Elisabetta Silvestri (Professor, University of Pavia, Italy, William B. Simons (Professor, University of Tartu, Estonia, Jaroslav Turlukovsky (Professor, Warsaw University, Poland, Stuart H. Schultz (Practising Attorney, USA, Irina Izarova (Associate Professor, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine.The opening ceremony of the Symposium began with greetings to all participants and best wishes for productive discussions. Participants were welcomed with remarks by Marat Khairullin, Deputy Chair of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Tatarstan, Radik Ilyasov, Head of the Federal Bailiff Service of the Republic of Tatarstan, and Ildar Tarkhanov, Academic Supervisor at the Faculty of Law. They expressed their appreciation for the great value of the journal Herald of Civil Procedure in the growth of the science of civil procedure and enforcement procedure, and for its contributions to the development of the judicial system of the Russian Federation.In addition to hearing prepared reports and discussing viewpoints on current issues of civil and arbitration procedure, participants attended presentations by representatives from procedural law periodicals in the frame of the Symposium. The Editor-in-Chief of Herald of Civil Procedure, Damir Valeev, and the Commercial Director of the Statut Publishing House (Moscow, Kirill Samoilov, presented new

  3. Activities with Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1989, the US Department of Energy (DOE) responded to the need to redirect resources from weapons production to environmental restoration and waste management by establishing the Office of Environmental Management (EM) and delegated to this office the responsibility of cleaning up the US nuclear weapons complex. Now in its eight year, EM's mission has three central facets: (1) to assess, remediate, and monitor contaminated sites and facilities; (2) to store, treat, and dispose of waste from past and current operations; and (3) to develop and implement innovative technologies for environmental cleanup. To this end, EM has established domestic and international cooperative technology development programs, including one with the Republic of Argentina. Cooperating with Argentine scientific institutes and industries meets US cleanup objectives by: (1) identifying and accessing Argentine EM-related technologies, thereby leveraging investments and providing cost-savings; (2) improving access to technical information, scientific expertise, and technologies applicable to EM needs; and (3) fostering the development of innovative environmental technologies by increasing US private sector opportunities in Argentina in EM-related areas

  4. RERTR activities in Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Atomic Energy Commission of Argentina has been involved in the Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactors Program since 1978. The most relevant milestones of the program, regarding fuel R and D activities, were the development and manufacturing at industrial scale of U3O8 dispersed fuel assemblies and the conversion of the RA-3 reactor core to LEU fuel. More recently, the activities were focused in the development of high density U3Si2 fuel with a density of 4.8 gU/cm3 and the improvement of the manufacturing process of U3Si2 powder. Currently one of the main objectives is to develop and qualify the technology for the production of high-density LEU fuel elements using U-Mo alloy. Several alternative ways to obtain U-Mo powder are under development with the aim of evaluating plant scale production and costs. To boost this program the main research reactor of Argentina, the RA-3, will be upgraded to 10 MW early in 2001 and the hot cells at the Ezeiza Atomic Center are fully operational after important investments. Significant progresses were also carried out in the development of LEU targets for the production of Mo99. Experimental work has demonstrated the feasibility of the manufacturing and radiochemical processing of miniplate targets prepared with dispersed UAlx, maintaining the geometry and the alkaline processing of the HEU targets used so far. (author)

  5. Searching for extraterrestrial civilizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuiper, T B; Morris, M

    1977-05-01

    We have argued that planning for a search for extraterrestrial intelligence should involve a minimum number of assumptions. In view of the feasibility (at our present level of understanding) of using nuclear fusion to effect interstellar travel at a speed of 0.1c, it appears unwarranted (at this time) to assume that it would not occur for at least some technologically advanced civilizations. One cannot even conclude that humans would not attempt this within the next few centuries. On the contrary, the most likely future situation, given the maintenance of technological growth and the absence of extraterrestrial interference, is that our civilization will explore and colonize our galactic neighborhood. A comparison of the time scales of galactic evolution and interstellar travel leads to the conclusion that the galaxy is either essentially empty with respect to technological civilizations or extensively colonized. In the former instance, a SETI would be unproductive. In the latter, a SETI could be fruitful if a signal has been deliberately directed at the earth or at an alien outpost, probe, or communication relay station in our solar system. In the former case, an existing antenna would probably be sufficient to detect the signal. In the latter case, success would depend on the way in which the communications were coded. Failure to detect a signal could permit any of the following conclusions: (i) the galaxy is devoid of technological civilizations, advanced beyond our own, (ii) such civilizations exist, but cannot (for some reason which is presently beyond our ken) engage in interstellar colonization, or (iii) such civilizations are not attempting overt contact with terrestrial civilizations and their intercommunications, if present, are not coded in a simple way. To plan at this time for a high-cost, large-array SETI based on the last two possibilities appears to be rather premature. PMID:17760037

  6. Libros de lectura en la escuela primaria argentina: civilizando al niño urbano y urbanizando al niño campesino (1900-1946) Textbooks used in the primary argentine school: civilizing urban children and urbanizing rural children (1900-1946)

    OpenAIRE

    Adrián Ascolani

    2010-01-01

    Los libros de lectura usados en la educación primaria argentina fueron un instrumento muy importante para la transmisión de las ideas de modernización y "civilización" de la sociedad. Fueron un apoyo fundamental en la difusión de los valores morales, estéticos y patrióticos, aunque no fueron militaristas y tendieron a moderar la inclusión de preceptos higienistas, a medida que la población los fue asimilando. La consolidación de las pedagogías espiritualistas, con elementos de la Escuela Nuev...

  7. Research reactors in Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Argentine Nuclear Development started in early fifties. In 1957, it was decided to built the first a research reactor. RA-1 reactor (120 kw, today licensed to work at 40 kW) started operation in January 1958. Originally RA-1 was an Argonaut (American design) reactor. In early sixties, the RA-1 core was changed. Fuel rods (20% enrichment) was introduced instead the old Argonaut core design. For that reason, a critical facility named RA-0 was built. After that, the RA-3 project started, to build a multipurpose 5 MW nuclear reactor MTR pool type, to produce radioisotopes and research. For that reason and to define the characteristics of the RA-3 core, another critical facility was built, RA-2. Initially RA-3 was a 90 % enriched fuel reactor, and started operation in 1967. When Atucha I NPP project started, a German design Power Reactor, a small homogeneous reactor was donated by the German Government to Argentina (1969). This was RA-4 reactor (20% enrichment, 1W). In 1982, RA-6 pool reactor achieved criticality. This is a 500 kW reactor with 90% enriched MTR fuel elements. In 1990, RA-3 started to operate fueled by 20% enriched fuel. In 1997, the RA-8 (multipurpose critical facility located at Pilcaniyeu) started to operate. RA-3 reactor is the most important CNEA reactor for Argentine Research Reactors development. It is the first in a succession of Argentine MTR reactors built by CNEA (and INVAP SE ) in Argentina and other countries: RA-6 (500 kW, Bariloche-Argentina), RP-10 (10MW, Peru), NUR (500 kW, Algeria), MPR (22 MW, Egypt). The experience of Argentinian industry permits to compete with foreign developed countries as supplier of research reactors. Today, CNEA has six research reactors whose activities have a range from education and promotion of nuclear activity, to radioisotope production. For more than forty years, Argentine Research Reactors are working. The experience of Argentine is important, and argentine firms are able to compete in the design and

  8. Operating practical experience at Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Operating experiences of Atucha-1 and Embalse Nuclear Power Plants were discussed in this work. The technical and economic aspects, such as reliability, availability, personnel training, operating costs, prices and market, which exercise influence upon Argentina nuclear energy policy, mainly on the power electric generation by nuclear power plants were considered. Finally the current status of the nucleoelectric sector in Argentina and forecasting were analysed

  9. Civil society sphericules

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tufte, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    the organization strategizes about and seeks to articulate amongst Tanzanian youth. Situated in the ‘perverse confluence’ (Dagnino, 2011) between neoliberal and radical democratic agendas in the communicative practices of civil society-driven media platforms, Femina navigates between identities as an NGO, a social...... movement and a media initiative. In the context of the growing literature on social networking sites and their affordances, dynamics and structures, the case of Femina illustrates how a civil society sphericule emerges within the dynamic co-evolution of new and old media platforms. The study is furthermore...... an example of the difficult shift in civil society practice, from service provision to an agenda of public service monitoring, social accountability and community engagement....

  10. Italianos en la Argentina. Los últimos doscientos años / Italians in Argentina : the last two hundred years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Di Tella, Torcuato

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The 200 year anniversary of the foundation of Argentina and the 150th anniversary of Italian unification marks the occasion for an historical analysis of the presence of Italians in Argentina. The article examines the topic from the 1930s until post WW2, comparing immigration in Argentina with other nations including Australia and the US. The position of immigrants in Argentinian social structure is analysed, individualising 3 elements: that foreigners made up 30% of the population; that there was a high concentration of immigrants living in urban areas, and that in big cities foreigners made up 2/3 of the middle and working classes. Secondly, the influence of Italian immigrants on Argentinian politics is examined, in particular the influence on the Partido Socialista and the Partido Radical, and the role of Italians in protest movements and Argentinian civil wars. Finally, the essay seeks to respond to two central questions: why weren't foreigners given the right to citizenship and to vote? What were the effects on the political system?

  11. Civil justice reform

    OpenAIRE

    McInnis, A

    2001-01-01

    Last month a high-level Working Party on Civil Justice Reform in Hong Kong released a widely anticipated Interim Report and Consultative Paper. The reforms, if enacted, would bring the most far-reaching changes to civil - including construction - litigation in the territory in more than 100 years. This month, in the first of a two-part series, our regular contributor Dr Arthur McInnis, looks at the context for the reforms and the reasons underlying them while next month the recommendations th...

  12. Searching for extraterrestrial civilizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuiper, T. B. H.; Morris, M.

    1977-01-01

    Three interrelated assumptions are critically examined in an attempt to outline a productive strategy for a search for extraterrestrial intelligence. Questions concerning the feasibility of interstellar travel are investigated. It is concluded that the probability of interstellar travel is high enough that, given a modest number of advanced civilizations, at least one of them will engage in interstellar voyages and colonize the galaxy. Assuming, however, that technological civilizations are rare the galaxy would be essentially unpopulated. Attention is given to the present lack of contact with extraterrestrial beings and frequencies for interstellar beacons.

  13. Soft rocks in Argentina

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Giambastiani; Mauricio

    2014-01-01

    Soft rocks are a still fairly unexplored chapter in rock mechanics. Within this category are the clastic sedimentary rocks and pyroclastic volcanic rocks, of low to moderate lithification (consolidation, cemen-tation, new formed minerals), chemical sedimentary rocks and metamorphic rocks formed by minerals with Mohs hardness less than 3.5, such as limestone, gypsum, halite, sylvite, between the first and phyllites, graphitic schist, chloritic shale, talc, etc., among the latter. They also include any type of rock that suffered alteration processes (hydrothermal or weathering). In Argentina the study of low-strength rocks has not received much attention despite having extensive outcrops in the Andes and great impact in the design criteria. Correlation between geomechanical properties (UCS, deformability) to physical index (porosity, density, etc.) has shown promising results to be better studied. There are many studies and engineering projects in Argentina in soft rock geological environments, some cited in the text (Chihuído dam, N. Kirchner dam, J. Cepernic Dam, etc.) and others such as International Tunnel in the Province of Mendoza (Corredor Bioceánico), which will require the valuable contribution from rock mechanics. The lack of consistency between some of the physical and mechanical parameters explored from studies in the country may be due to an insufficient amount of information and/or non-standardization of criteria for testing materials. It is understood that more and better academic and professional efforts in improv-ing techniques will result in benefits to the better understanding of the geomechanics of weak rocks.

  14. What Is Western Civilization?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birken, Lawrence

    1992-01-01

    Discusses opposing tendencies in the interpretation of Western Civilization. Describes the expanded definition that includes Byzantine and Islamic cultures as heirs of the Greco-Roman cultures. Suggests that a limited definition of Western culture will facilitate a problems approach, emphasize diversity among cultures, and integrate the classical…

  15. Nuclear damage - civil liability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An analysis is made of the civil liability for nuclear damage since there is a need to adjust the existing rules to the new situations created. The conventions that set up the new disciplining rules not considered in the common law for the liability of nuclear damage are also mentioned. (A.L.)

  16. European Civilization. Teacher's Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leppert, Ella C.; Halac, Dennis

    The instructional materials in this teaching guide for Course II, Unit IV, follow and build upon a previous sequential course described in SO 003 169 offering ninth grade students a study on the development of Western European Civilization. Focus is upon four periods of high development: The High Middle Ages (12th Century), The Renaissance (15th…

  17. Creative Ventures: Ancient Civilizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stark, Rebecca

    The open-ended activities in this book are designed to extend the imagination and creativity of students and encourage students to examine their feelings and values about historic eras. Civilizations addressed include ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome, Mayan, Stonehenge, and Mesopotamia. The activities focus upon the cognitive and affective pupil…

  18. Democracy promotion and civil society

    OpenAIRE

    Ishkanian, Armine

    2007-01-01

    The annual Global Civil Society Yearbooks provide an indispensable guide to global civil society or civic participation and action around the world. This year, the Yearbook will focus on communicative power and democracy, investigating different forms of democracy promotion and communication with a view to understanding the relationship between communication, democracy and media. The Global Civil Society Yearbook remains the standard work on all aspects of contemporary global civil society fo...

  19. Exploring Civilizations with 'Seven Wolves'

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Jie

    2007-01-01

    @@ Beijing - A farewell party for the CCTV (China Central Television) crew 'Road to Civilizations-Global Exploration Tour of World Major Civilizations' - the world's first TV series documenting the journey of exploring the 12 civilizations in the human world, was sponsored by Fujian Septwolves Industry Co., Ltd and held at the Beijing Landmark hotel on 16 January.

  20. 75 FR 5244 - Civil Penalties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-02

    ...) entitled ``Civil Penalties'' which proposed the adjustment of certain civil penalties for inflation. 74 FR.... See 62 FR 37115 (July 10, 1997) (NHTSA's civil penalty policy under the Small Business Regulatory... April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477, 19477-78). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jessica Lang, Office of...

  1. 77 FR 70710 - Civil Penalties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-27

    ...,000. 75 FR 5246. Also on February 10, 2010, NHTSA last adjusted the maximum civil penalty for a... civil penalty policy when determining the appropriate civil penalty amount. See 62 FR 37115 (July 10... Act was published on February 4, 1997. 62 FR 5167. At that time, we codified the penalties...

  2. 77 FR 55175 - Civil Penalties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-07

    ... $6,000. 71 FR 28279. At the same time, the agency adjusted the maximum civil penalty for a single... to $16,650,000. 75 FR 5246. Also on February 10, 2010, NHTSA last adjusted the maximum civil penalty... policy when determining the appropriate civil penalty amount. See 62 FR 37115 (July 10, 1997)...

  3. The Limitation of Western Civilization And the Revival of Oriental Civilization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Su; Hao

    2014-01-01

    <正>In the distribution of modem world civilizations,the Oriental civilization and Western civilization are the two major civilization systems.Western civilization is often represented by the Christian civilization in Europe and North America on both sides across the North Atlantic.Oriental civilization appears more diversified,among which the Chinese civilization,India civilization and Islamic civilization are the most influential

  4. Occupational health in Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werner, A F

    2000-07-01

    Argentina is within the denominated "new industrialised countries", with the characteristic of having high contrasts in the urban population, based on service and industry, and in the rural population, based on agriculture and cattle, still the main sources of wealth in the country. The process of globalisation and the need to compete hard in international markets have provoked high unemployment and the transfer of workers from a formal market to an informal one. Legislation on occupational health is old and it is in the process of being updated. The system of prevention, assistance and compensation for accidents at work and for occupational illnesses has changed from being optative for employers, to the compulsory hiring of private insurance companies. The Government keeps the role of supervisor of the system. There are enough professionals in occupational health, hygiene and safety but not occupational nurses. The teaching is given by many universities and professional associations, some of which have an active profile in the occupational health of the country. PMID:10963410

  5. Argentina and Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that security is defined in different ways by many international actors. To some, security is tied to the definition of an external threat to borders, as in the case of the NATO countries. To other, security is related to development, as in the case of most Third World countries. but notwithstanding different definitions, all countries recognize that the essence of security is the survival of the nation-state itself. The nuclear programs of Argentina and Brazil are among the oldest, most sophisticated and advanced nuclear programs anywhere in the Third World. The programs have never been explained on the basis of threat perception, and in this regard perhaps they constitute the most atypical form of nuclear proliferation known to date. Not surprisingly, any attempt to explain the rationale for the Brazilian and Argentine nuclear programs based on common issues of threat =merely confuses the issue. Thus, nationalism, the search for national identity and pride, the need to express self-sufficiency and the desire to keep options open in an insecure and evolving world order must all be analyzed to comprehend the likelihood of future types of nuclear proliferation. Meanwhile, the study of the contemporary era of Argentine-Brazilian nuclear rapprochement may provide new insights into the complex reasoning behind the decision of countries to go nuclear

  6. Galactic-scale civilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuiper, T. B. H.

    1980-01-01

    Evolutionary arguments are presented in favor of the existence of civilization on a galactic scale. Patterns of physical, chemical, biological, social and cultural evolution leading to increasing levels of complexity are pointed out and explained thermodynamically in terms of the maximization of free energy dissipation in the environment of the organized system. The possibility of the evolution of a global and then a galactic human civilization is considered, and probabilities that the galaxy is presently in its colonization state and that life could have evolved to its present state on earth are discussed. Fermi's paradox of the absence of extraterrestrials in light of the probability of their existence is noted, and a variety of possible explanations is indicated. Finally, it is argued that although mankind may be the first occurrence of intelligence in the galaxy, it is unjustified to presume that this is so.

  7. Civil Engineering Dispute Resolution

    CERN Document Server

    Osborne, J

    2001-01-01

    Construction work on the civil engineering contract started at Point 5 in August 1998. The new surface buildings and underground structures are necessary to accommodate the CMS detector for the LHC Project. The principal underground works consist of two new shafts, two parallel caverns separated by a supporting pillar, and a number of small connection tunnels and service galleries. A dispute resolution procedure has been included in the contract, whereby a Panel of Adjudicators may be called upon to make a decision in the case of a difference or dispute between the parties. The aim of this paper is to present CERN's first experience of civil engineering Adjudication arising from problems encountered with the ground freezing technique employed to allow construction of two new shafts.

  8. Civil Servants’ Salary Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Bilquees, Faiz

    2006-01-01

    The paper looks at the trends in nominal and real salaries of the Federal Government employees over the period 1990-2006. It examines the structural defects in the existing salary structure and the anomalies in the allowances structure to show that appropriate remuneration for the civil servants requires serious and urgent consideration. The widening gap in the emoluments of government employees versus the public sector corporations and private sector employees has a strong bearing on the mot...

  9. Research on Ecological Civilization Evaluation Index System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Ecological civilization, which refers to the harmonious development of man and the nature, has the connotation of the ecological material civilization, ecological consciousness civilization, ecological institutional civilization and ecological behavior civilization. The research on ecological civilization evaluation index system is important in that it can provide the guidance for the construction of ecological civilization, and besides it can improve public recognition of the importance of ecological civil...

  10. Soul, mind and brain in pre-history and early human civilizations / Alma, mente e cérebro na pré-história e nas primeiras civilizações humanas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiano dos Santos Castro

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Currently, the debate about the nature of the human mind is taking new directions through the development of several studies in the field of neuroscience which investigates the location of brain functions. These studies have contributed to a better understanding of the neural substrates of mental functions and the etiology of various mental disorders. However, the knowledge developed by neuroscience did not occur abruptly. Indeed, the study of mind-brain relationship is not new. From pre-history to the present days, various different types of inquiries have been made about the possible materiality and location of human mental functions. This paper presents, in a historic manner, how prehistoric populations as well as early civilizations located in Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, and China developed and employed concepts related to the soul, the mind and the human brain.

  11. Investigación de cocaína y marihuana en meconio de neonatos atendidos en un hospital público: Primera experiencia realizada en la ciudad Córdoba, Argentina Screening of cocaine and marijuana in meconium of newborns from a public hospital of city of Córdoba, Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Andrés Suárez; Alberto Peirano; Inés González; Edgar Odierna; Nilda Gait; Ruth Llebeilli; Cristian Hansen

    2009-01-01

    Se investigaron cocaína y marihuana en meconio de neonatos nacidos en la Maternidad Provincial de la Ciudad de Córdoba y se relacionaron los resultados con las semanas de gestación y los pesos al nacer. Las determinaciones se realizaron utilizando inmunoensayo y cromatografía gaseosa-espectrometría de masas. Se analizaron 48 muestras de meconio recolectadas durante un año (2007-2008). De los 48 meconios analizados, 17 correspondieron a neonatos masculinos y 31 a neonatos femeninos. Se procesa...

  12. Impacto das atividades profissionais na saúde física e mental dos policiais civis e militares do Rio de Janeiro (RJ, Brasil The impact of professional activities on the physical and mental health of the civil and military police of Rio de Janeiro (RJ, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cecília de Souza Minayo

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, analisamos o adoecimento físico e mental de policiais civis e militares do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, segundo condições de trabalho e atividades profissionais. Utilizamos a mesma metodologia para o estudo de duas categorias: abordagem quantitativa (amostragem aleatória simples por conglomerados, alcançando um total de 1.458 policiais civis e 1.108 policiais militares que responderam a questionários anônimos e abordagem qualitativa (grupos focais com 143 profissionais e 18 entrevistas com gestores de ambas as polícias. Os dados aqui apresentados são todos originais. Constatamos sobrepeso e obesidade em especial na Polícia Militar; e precária frequência de atividade física e informação de elevados níveis de colesterol, especialmente na Polícia Civil. Dores no pescoço, nas costas ou na coluna, problemas de visão, dores de cabeça e enxaquecas foram os principais problemas encontrados. A presença de lesões físicas permanentes foi relatada por 16,2% dos membros das duas corporações, sendo mais relevantes entre os militares, que também apresentam mais elevada frequência de sofrimento psíquico (SRQ-20. Enfatizamos a necessidade de mudanças nas dimensões individual e profissional e nos aspectos institucionais referentes às condições e à organização do trabalho e dos serviços de saúde.In this article, we analyze the physical and mental stress and illness of military and civil police force officers in the State of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil due to their working conditions and professional activities. The same methodology was used for the study of two categories, namely a quantitative approach (simple random sampling by conglomerates, involving a total of 1,458 civil police officers and 1,108 military police officers, who answered questionnaires anonymously and a qualitative approach (focal groups involving 143 professionals and 18 interviews with managers of both police forces. The data presented here are all

  13. NREL technical assistance to Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lilienthal, P. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

    1997-12-01

    This paper describes assistance to Argentina from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory which has touched on four programs: tariff analysis for rural concessions programs; wind/diesel hybrid retrofits in Patagonia; small hybrid systems designs for rural schools; an assessment of wind resources. The paper expands briefly on the first two points.

  14. Distributional disputes and civil conflict

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    Some polities are able to use constitutionally prescribed political processes to settle distributional disputes, whereas in other polities distributional disputes result in civil conflict. Theoretical analysis reveals that the following properties help to make it possible to design a self-enforcing constitution that can settle recurring distributional disputes between social classes without civil conflict: • Neither social class has a big advantage in civil conflict. • The expected incrementa...

  15. Economic development and civil development

    OpenAIRE

    P. SYLOS LABINI

    2013-01-01

    It is commonly held that economic development automatically brings civil development with it, as if between the two there were a cause-effect relationship. While economic development is obviously a necessary condition for civil development, it is not a sufficient one. On the other hand, without certain fundamental pre-requisites in the civil development field, such as a minimum level of education, economic development is impossible. Thus, the two phenomena are best conceived of in terms of in...

  16. DEUDA EXTERNA Y DEUDA PÚBLICA SUSTENTABLES EN ARGENTINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Eduardo Firmenich

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Las propuestas de solución de un problema estructural tan grave como el de la deuda externa de los países del Sur en general y de la Argentina en particular no debería ser algo de exclusiva responsabilidad de los gobiernos.Esto significa que todos los estamentos de la sociedad civil deben asumir su responsabilidad en construir una opinión pública sobre qué hacer frente al problema de la deuda externa, porque será el conjunto social el que se beneficiará de una correcta solución de este problema o el que sufrirá las gravísimas consecuencias de cualquier variante que, directa o indirectamente, termine agravandoel subdesarrollo y la pobreza.

  17. Global Standards of Market Civilization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Global Standards of Market Civilization brings together leading scholars, representing a range of political views, to investigate how global 'standards of market civilization' have emerged, their justification, and their political, economic and social impact. Key chapters show how as the modern......, economic and social impact. Civilization is a term widely used within modern political discourse its meaning, yet it is poorly understood and misused. part I explores the idea of a ‘standard of civilization', its implications for governance, and the use of such standards in political theory and economic...

  18. A RESPONSABILIDADE CIVIL E O MEIO AMBIENTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DELCYLENE VILLALBA SOARES

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOEste artigo tem por finalidade realizar uma análise sobre a evolução da responsabilidade civil e suas teorias, subjetiva e objetiva aplicadas ao meio ambiente. Dentro desta área, deve-se ressaltar que a responsabilidade civil ao meio ambiente, é um assunto de importante relevância para o efetivo controle da depredação ambiental, permitindo que sejam alcançadas as metas propostas como condição de sobrevivência da espécie humana, ou seja, a conservação do meio ambiente e o desenvolvimento econômico social, visando desta maneira, permitir a qualidade e a continuação da vida. Existe o entendimento, que somente com educação ambiental e normas reguladoras fortes, como a penalidade de ter que indenizar quando praticar algum dano ao meio ambiente conseguirá atingir o objetivo maior de preservação. Necessitam-se além de uma mudança na legislação que responsabilize poluidores do meio ambiente, atribuindo-lhes sanções que inibam a prática de tal conduta ilícita e realizando assim, a aplicabilidade da justiça.Palavras-chave:Responsabilidade Civil; Responsabilidade; Meio Ambiente ABSTRACTThis article have objective to realize a analysis about civil responsibility evolution and your theories, subjective and objective apply environment. Inside this area have to stand out that civil responsibility environment, it is a theme very important relevance for environment depredation control effective, permitting have been obtain proposals target like been human survival condition, therefore, environment conservation and social economic development objective permit quality and continuation of life. There is understanding, that only with environment education and strong regulation principle, like penalty has to indemnify when practice some injury of environment, will obtain more preservation. Demand a change on legislation that responsible environment polluter attribute him inhibit sanctions for practice this illicit conduct and

  19. AÇÃO CIVIL PÚBLICA SOBRE ÁREA DE RESERVA LEGAL: (DESNECESSIDADE DO SEU REGISTRO NA MATRÍCULA DO IMÓVEL / CIVIL ACTION PUBLIC ON AREA OF LEGAL NATURE RESERVES: (NO NEED OF ITS REGISTRY IN THE PROPERTY RECORD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos José Cordeiro

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available It is aimed to show our position on the (no need of the civil action filing the record in property, subject of the registration of the demand that is intended to be obliged to institute legal nature reserve area, making use, therefore, of the adoption of hypothetical deductive method, combined with the execution of theoretical and documentary research. Legal Nature Reserve is understood as the area of rural land that can not suffer human intervention by deforestation and exploitation of its resources. Its institution and subsequent registration with the Rural Environmental Registry is an propter rem obligation, given the tracking of it and the attachment to the holder of real right. It must be obeyed even that forests or other type of vegetation no longer exist in the property, which thus externalizes its institution being a mandatory requirement for regular registration of the property, making it impossible to any claim of its ignorance, because it clings to the ownership of the property, passing to new owners, they being able to be charged regardless of their proceeding.

  20. Conservative litigation against sexual and reproductive health policies in Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peñas Defago, María Angélica; Morán Faúndes, José Manuel

    2014-11-01

    In Argentina, campaigns for the recognition of sexual and reproductive rights have sparked opposition through litigation in which the dynamics of legal action have come from self-proclaimed "pro-life" NGOs, particularly since 1998, when the conservative NGO Portal de Belén successfully achieved the banning of emergency contraception through the courts. The activities of these groups, acting as a "civil arm" of religion, are focused primarily on obstructing access to legally permissible abortions and bringing about the withdrawal of a number of recognized public policies on sexual and reproductive health, particularly the 2002 National Programme for Sexual Health and Responsible Procreation. This paper analyzes the litigation strategies of these conservative NGOs and how their use of the courts in Argentina has changed over the years. It gives examples of efforts in local courts to block individual young women from accessing legal abortion following rape, despite a ruling by the National Supreme Court of Justice in 2012 that no judicial permission is required. In spite of major advances, the renewed influence of the Catholic hierarchy in the Argentine political scene with the accession of the new Pope poses challenges to the work by feminists and women's movements to extend and consolidate sexual and reproductive rights. PMID:25555765

  1. A decomposição do Estado e o protagonismo da sociedade civil no enfrentamento da questão social no Brasil: os dilemas da cidadania e da democracia na contemporaneidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Freire, Silene de Moraes

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo foi elaborado a partir de preocupações profissionais voltadas para desvelar a presença e o enfrentamento, por parte do Estado e da sociedade civil, da questão social no cenário histórico-cultural da sociedade brasileira, evidenciado a partir da década de noventa, sobretudo, quando observamos a guinada do Estado brasileiro para a “mentalidade privatizante” que as reformas estruturais de cunho neoliberal promoveram. No caso brasileiro, tal projeto reafirma uma das particularidades de nossa cultura política: o moderno se constitui por meio do “arcaico”, recriando nossa herança histórica ao atualizar aspectos persistentes e, ao mesmo tempo, transformando-os no contexto da globalização. Pretendemos, assim, discutir de que modo a permanência histórica da desigualdade social, dos limites da cidadania e da democracia serviram como elemento facilitador para a implementação da agenda neoliberal no Brasil.

  2. Investigación de cocaína y marihuana en meconio de neonatos atendidos en un hospital público: Primera experiencia realizada en la ciudad Córdoba, Argentina Screening of cocaine and marijuana in meconium of newborns from a public hospital of city of Córdoba, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Suárez

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Se investigaron cocaína y marihuana en meconio de neonatos nacidos en la Maternidad Provincial de la Ciudad de Córdoba y se relacionaron los resultados con las semanas de gestación y los pesos al nacer. Las determinaciones se realizaron utilizando inmunoensayo y cromatografía gaseosa-espectrometría de masas. Se analizaron 48 muestras de meconio recolectadas durante un año (2007-2008. De los 48 meconios analizados, 17 correspondieron a neonatos masculinos y 31 a neonatos femeninos. Se procesaron en paralelo 15 muestras de meconio como controles normales (niños no expuestos a drogas seleccionados por historia clínica y controles prenatales. De las 48 muestras de meconio 13 fueron positivas para cocaína y/o marihuana. El peso y las semanas de gestación de los neonatos cuyas muestras fueron positivas se compararon frente a un grupo control normal, hallándose mayores diferencias estadísticamente significativas (α=0,05 - pWe investigated cocaine and marijuana in meconium of newborns attended at the Hospital Materno Provincial of Córdoba City and the results were correlated with birthweight and weeks of pregnancy. The samples were analyzed using immunoassay (FPIA and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS for confirmation. Forty eight samples of meconium were collected during one year period (2007-2008. Of the 48 samples screened, 17 correspond to masculine sex and 31 to feminine. Fifteen samples of meconium from normal newborns (newborns not exposed to drugs selected by maternal self report, pregnancy controls were processed as control group. The results obtained in 48 samples of meconium showed 13 cases tested positive for cocaine and/or marijuana. Birth weight and weeks of gestation of newborn with positive sample results were compared with a control group. A statistically significant difference (α= 0.05 - p<0.0001 was found in relation to birth weight. Although these results arise from a small number of samples, these data have

  3. 22 CFR 1508.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Civil judgment. 1508.920 Section 1508.920...) Definitions § 1508.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of... creates a civil liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...

  4. 22 CFR 208.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Civil judgment. 208.920 Section 208.920 Foreign...) Definitions § 208.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of... creates a civil liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...

  5. 22 CFR 1006.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Civil judgment. 1006.920 Section 1006.920...) Definitions § 1006.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of... creates a civil liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...

  6. 21 CFR 1404.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Civil judgment. 1404.920 Section 1404.920 Food and...) Definitions § 1404.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of... creates a civil liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...

  7. 2 CFR 180.915 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil judgment. 180.915 Section 180.915... § 180.915 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of... creates a civil liability for the complained of wrongful acts, or a final determination of liability...

  8. Structure and distribution of Hydrachnidia (Parasitengona-Acari in the sub-basin of the Grande River (Superior Basin of Quinto River. San Luis-Argentina Estrutura e distribuição dos Hidracáridos (Parasitengona-Acari na Subcuenca do Rio Grande (Conta Superior do Rio Quinto. San Luis-Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Raul Quiroga

    2010-09-01

    .OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste trabalho foi conhecer a diversidade de gêneros, os atributos estruturais e a distribuição da comunidade de hidracáridos, como assim também a sua possível influência sobre certos parâmetros abióticos, na sub-bacia do Rio Grande, San Luis; MÉTODOS: estabeleceram-se quatro locais de amostragem (C1, E1, E2 e E3 em dois períodos hidrológicos: águas altas (AA e águas baixas (AB. Obtiverem-se 24 amostras com rede Surber e se realizou a caracterização hidráulica, física e química dos locais de amostragem. Calculou-se a densidade (ind.m-2, a riqueza genérica e o índice da diversidade de Shannon-Wiener; RESULTADOS: registraram-se 16 gêneros de hidracáridos. Não houve diferenças significativas entre cada local com relação aos parâmetros abióticos. Observou-se uma correlação positiva entre Sperchon, Torrentícola e Neoatractides com relação ao fluxo e à corrente, ao passo que Hygrobates mostrou uma correlação negativa. Não houve diferenças significativas nas abundâncias absolutas de hidracáridos entre os locais em AA e AB nem entre os pares de cada local em AA e em AB. Os gêneros que apresentaram as maiores densidades foram Hygrobates, Limnesia e Atractides, dos quais os dois primeiros apresentaram-se mais amplamente distribuídos. Os demais gêneros somente apareceram esporádicamente. De acordo com o índice de Kownacki, Hygrobates e Limnesia foram "dominantes", Atractides foi "subdominante", e o resto foi "não-dominante"; CONCLUSÕES: os gêneros encontrados apresentaram-se distantes tanto filogenéticamente quanto sistemáticamente. Porém, os espécimes desses gêneros foram similares morfológicamente, apresentando características adaptativas à habitats teófilos. A representatividade de Hygrobates e Limnesia poderia se dever à grande abundância de seus hospedeiros e presas na sub-bacia. A diminuição na densidade e as mudanças na composição de hidracáridos em E3 (local após barragem poderiam ser

  9. The rivers of civilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macklin, Mark G.; Lewin, John

    2015-04-01

    The hydromorphic regimes that underpinned Old World river-based civilizations are reviewed in light of recent research. Notable Holocene climatic changes varied from region to region, whilst the dynamics of floodplain environments were equally diverse, with river channel changes significantly affecting human settlement. There were longer-term trends in Holocene hydroclimate and multi-centennial length 'flood-rich' and 'flood-poor' episodes. These impacted on five identified flooding and settlement scenarios: (i) alluvial fans and aprons; (ii) laterally mobile rivers; (iii) rivers with well-developed levees and flood basins; (iv) river systems characterised by avulsions and floodouts; and (v) large river-fed wetlands. This gave a range of changes that were either more or less regular or incremental from year-to-year (and thus potentially manageable) or catastrophic. The latter might be sudden during a flood event or a few seasons (acute), or over longer periods extending over many decades or even centuries (chronic). The geomorphic and environmental impacts of these events on riparian societies were very often irreversible. Contrasts are made between allogenic and autogenic mechanism for imposing environmental stress on riverine communities and a distinction is made between channel avulsion and contraction responses. Floods, droughts and river channel changes can precondition as well as trigger environmental crises and societal collapse. The Nile system currently offers the best set of independently dated Holocene fluvial and archaeological records, and the contrasted effects of changing hydromorphological regimes on floodwater farming are examined. The persistence of civilizations depended essentially on the societies that maintained them, but they were also understandably resilient in some environments (Pharaonic Egypt in the Egyptian Nile), appear to have had more limited windows of opportunity in others (the Kerma Kingdom in the Nubian Nile), or required

  10. Civil Liberties and Computer Monitoring

    OpenAIRE

    Kevin Curran; Steven McIntyre; Hugo Meenan; Francis McCloy; Ciaran Heaney

    2004-01-01

    Civil Liberties - the term used for the fundamental liberties and rights of a countries citizen is the right of free speech, thought and action. This is the fundamental building block of a democratic society. This research essay outlines the current measures western governments are taking to ensure our safety and the associated costs to civil and human rights.

  11. [Psychiatric evaluation in civil law].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foerster, K

    1992-03-01

    Aspects of civil law of importance for the psychiatrist as expert witness are those dealing with disability pensions accident insurance, compensation in civil law and rights of the seriously disabled. The legal basis of each is briefly outlined, and some guidelines given for psychiatric court reports. Some outstanding theoretical and practical problems are mentioned. PMID:1579170

  12. Civil Engineering Technology Needs Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oakland Community Coll., Farmington, MI. Office of Institutional Planning and Analysis.

    In 1991, a study was conducted by Oakland Community College (OCC) to evaluate the need for a proposed Civil Engineering Technology program. An initial examination of the literature focused on industry needs and the job market for civil engineering technicians. In order to gather information on local area employers' hiring practices and needs, a…

  13. Environmental Ethics and Civil Engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vesilind, P. Aarne

    1987-01-01

    Traces the development of the civil engineering code of ethics. Points out that the code does have an enforceable provision that addresses the engineer's responsibility toward the environment. Suggests revisions to the code to accommodate the environmental impacts of civil engineering. (TW)

  14. Civil engineering experiences in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Aguiar, J. L. Barroso de

    2009-01-01

    The good cooperation established between Universities, Laboratory National of Civil Engineering and private companies made possible the execution of a considerable number of civil engineering works by Portugueses, inside and outside the country. Some good examples are presented in this paper.

  15. Codificación civil

    OpenAIRE

    Verdera Server, Rafael

    2012-01-01

    Conferencias sobre la codificación civil: aspectos históricos (R. Aznar) y jurídicos (J.M. Badenas)Actividad complementaria de los Departamentos de Historia del Derecho y Derecho Civil.Grado en Derecho

  16. Civil works for NPPs construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Christophe Portenseigne, Technical Director of Bouygues Travaux Publics, provided explanations on the main challenges of Civil work for the construction of the 3. generation of NPPs. He then provided an overview of the new Civil Work concepts for the 4. generation of NPPs

  17. En el nombre del Padre, del Hijo y del Espíritu Gimnástico: prácticas corporales, masculinidades y religiosidad en los Exploradores de Don Bosco en la Argentina de principios de siglo XX Em nome do Pai do Filho e do Espírito Ginástico: práticas corporais, masculinidades e religiosidade nos Exploradores de Dom Bosco na Argentina de início do século XX In the name of the Father, the Son and the Gymnastic Spirit: corporal practices, masculinities and religiosity in the Browsers of Don Bosco in the Argentina of principles of XX century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Scharagrodsky

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Las escuelas salesianas se instalaron en la Argentina a fin del siglo XIX y no cesaron de crecer hasta nuestros días. Entre sus propuestas educativas la cuestión corporal se constituyó en un problema central. El gobierno del cuerpo y, especialmente, la construcción de cierto tipo de masculinidad fue uno de los ejes centrales de su propuesta. Para construir cuerpos masculinos y viriles se "inventaron", en 1915, los Exploradores de Don Bosco. Dicha experiencia (gimnasia, marchas, paseos, excursiones, etc. reunió a niños y jóvenes pobres con el fin de modelar sus cuerpos y sus almas construyendo un universo moral y kinético específico. Teniendo en cuenta lo anterior, el siguiente artículo indaga cómo y porqué el movimiento de los Exploradores de Don Bosco generizó los cuerpos de los niños convirtiéndolos en "verdaderos" hombres y contra quienes luchó en su "cruzada masculina". Las fuentes a analizar son los documentos, circulares, textos y libros utilizados para formar a los Exploradores de Don Bosco en la Argentina.The salesians schools settled in Argentina in the end of the XIX century and they have been growing until the present time. Among their educational proposals the corporal question was constituted in a central problem. The government of the body and, especially, the construction of certain type of masculinity was one of the central axes of its proposal. To build masculine and virile bodies, the Explorers of Don Bosco were "invented" in 1915. This experience (gymnastics, marches, walks, trips, etc. joined poor children and youths with the purpose of modeling their bodies and their souls by a construction of a moral and kinetic specific universe. Keeping in mind the above-mentioned, the following article investigates the ways and the reasons why the Explorers of Don Bosco movement gendered the children bodies converting them in "true" men and against who fight in its "masculine crusade". The sources to analyze are the

  18. Radioactive waste management in Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An overview is provided on the major nuclear facilities operating in Argentina and data are given on radioactive wastes arising from these operations. The respective legal framework and the nuclear activities, including research and development, are outlined. The programme for the management of the different categories of radioactive wastes is described. Main milestones for establishing geological repositories for intermediate level and high level waste are highlighted. (author)

  19. Public information activities in Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is a presentation involving a description of the main guidelines and conditions under which nuclear activities have been performed in Argentina, both concerning the autonomous development for the peaceful use of nuclear energy and with regard to the way in which the community was informed of the attained levels. The particulars of each approach are shown as to delineate historical evolution as a function of the various stages of technological development. (author)

  20. Home Financing Institutions in Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Marcela Cristini; Ramiro Moya

    2004-01-01

    (Available only in Spanish) This work analyses the case of the deepening of mortgage lending in Argentina in the 1990s and compares it with the failure of the 1980s. It shows that macroeconomic stability determines the development of the market and that a rapid takeoff can be achieved with the appropriate legal and market institutions (competition between banks and dollar contracts). The real price of property, and unemployment influence the performance of the market, which expands at the rat...

  1. Reconstructing Sub-Saharan, Mayan, and Other Prehistoric Civilizations in Mathematical Macro-Theory of Civilizations

    CERN Document Server

    Blaha, S

    2003-01-01

    A study of the Great Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan civilization, Mayan civilization and other prehistoric civilizations within the framework of a mathematical macro theory of civilizations. We show these isolated and early civilizations conform to the general mathematical theory of civilizations in detail.

  2. Iglesia católica, educación y laicidad en la historia argentina - Catholic church, education and laicity in argentinean history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán Torres, Argentina

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar, em uma perspectiva histórica, a relação entre a Igreja Católica e o campo da educação pública na Argentina, tendo a laicidade como eixo conceitual. Supomos que as diferentes configurações da relação entre a Igreja e o Estado podem ser definidas seguindo as tensões sobre a governança da educação. Apresenta-se uma periodização que vai desde o período colonial até o início do século 21, pela qual identificamos as linhas de continuidade, tensões e rearticulações da laicidade educacional, bem como as estratégias dos atores Igreja, Estado e sociedade civil em diferentes momentos históricos.Palavras-chave: educação, Igreja Católica, laicidade, Argentina.CATHOLIC CHURCH, EDUCATION AND LAICITY IN ARGENTINEAN HISTORYAbstractThe aim of this paper is to analyze, in a historical perspective, the relationship between Catholic Church and the field of public education in Argentina, taking laicity as a conceptual axis. We assume that the different configurations of the relationship between Church and State can be defined following the tensions over education governance. We present a periodization, ranging from the colonial period to the beginning of the 21st century, through which we identify lines of continuity, tensions and re-articulations of educational laicity as well as strategies of the Church, state and civil society actors in different historical moments.Key-words: education, Catholic Church, laicity,Argentina.IGLESIA CATÓLICA, EDUCACIÓN Y LAICIDAD EN LA HISTORIA ARGENTINAResumenEl objetivo de este trabajo es analizar en perspectiva histórica la relación entrela Iglesiacatólica y el campo de la educación pública en Argentina, tomando a la laicidad como eje conceptual. Se asume que las distintas configuraciones de la relación entrela Iglesiay el Estado pueden ser definidas siguiendo las tensiones por el gobierno de la educación. Se presenta una periodización, que va desde la

  3. Construindo o espaço praça na cidade: ensaio sobre a Plaza de Mayo “da Argentina” = Making the town space in the city: essay about the “Plaza de Mayo” in Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castelli, Natasha Dias

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available É extremamente difícil pensar sobre a pluralidade de formas pelas quais uma cidade se constitui. Contudo, o que podemos perceber é que independente do modelo de cidade há milhares de anos observamos a existência do “elemento urbano” praça, seja ela previamente pensada e projetada, ou ainda, aquela que surge através de um desenvolvimento orgânico. A praça, já foi considerada o “marco zero” de uma cidade, a condição de existência da mesma, um modelo “micro” da vida urbana, seja pela noção de sociabilidade, pelo local de expressividade popular, de poder, de comércio, ou ainda, pela mescla de tudo isso. Portanto, no presente trabalho iremos trata-la enquanto tal: território da cidade. Da mesma forma repousamos nossas considerações e análises sob um arquétipo, a Plaza de Mayo. Na tentativa de aliar a bibliografia à realidade da praça em questão, nos interessa discutir, desde a concepção deste local passando pelas transformações sofridas ao longo dos anos, suas multifacetadas funcionalidades, bem como, a multiplicidade de territórios abrigados em um mesmo espaço. Os conceitos de espaço e território que um local como a praça pode abarcar também são abordados, mesmo que brevemente, buscando conferir a complexidade que um local como esse afere.

  4. Patrimonial ownership in the enterprise before the civil constitutional order and the enterprise role for human dignity: first notes Titularidade patrimonial na empresa frente à ordem civil constitucional e o papel empresarial para a dignidade humana: primeiras anotações

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Borba Vianna

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on the constitutional principles of social function and human dignity, along with freedom of initiative, this article proposes a consideration about the importance of the partner legal personality as a limitation of the entrepreneur’s and the company’s responsibility in the contemporary society, as a way of performance in the economic development of the country. This article also approaches the need for legal stability in business relationships and the influence of the law-cost in the entrepreneur’s decision-making when it comes to opting for investing in the private sector. Finally, the impacts on Brazil cost derived from the unsystematic application of the disregard of the legal personality to the detriment of the societas distat singulis fundamental rule are considered.A partir dos princípios constitucionais da função social e dignidade da pessoa humana, aliados à liberdade de iniciativa, propõe-se uma reflexão sobre a importância da personalidade jurídica societária, como limitação da responsabilidade do empresário, e da empresa na sociedade contemporânea, como forma de atuação no desenvolvimento econômico do país. Aborda-se a necessidade de estabilidade jurídica das relações empresariais e da influência que o direito-custo tem na decisão do empresário quando opta por investir no setor privado. Por fim, trata-se dos reflexos no custo Brasil pela aplicação assistemática da desconsideração da personalidade jurídica em prejuízo da regra fundamental societas distat singulis.

  5. 76 FR 71431 - Civil Penalty Calculation Methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-17

    ... TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Civil Penalty Calculation Methodology AGENCY: Federal... its civil penalty methodology. Part of this evaluation includes a forthcoming explanation of the Uniform Fine Assessment (UFA) algorithm, which FMCSA currently uses for calculation of civil...

  6. Civil liberties and nuclear terrorism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The importance of preventing nuclear terrorism is so great that it is easy to believe that the usual concern with civil liberties must take a back seat. But it is precisely when emergencies are invoked that the authors must not forget the importance of freedoms. Emergency powers are easily abused, and, even in the absence of abuse, mistakes can be made. It is hard to understand why they care about civil liberties if every suspect is guilty, every wiretap is necessary, and every search is justified. But sometimes suspects are innocent, wiretaps are used for political ends, and searches disrupt lives to no end. Civil liberties do not exist in a vacuum. If society is destroyed, civil liberties are likely to be destroyed as well. Virtually every legal doctrine this study addresses involves a recognition that individual rights must be balanced against valid social needs. The civil liberties focus on here fall under the general headings of freedom of speech and association, privacy, due process rights for suspects, and freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures. One essential point applied to all these areas: although a counterterrorist activity is legal, that does not mean the activity has no impact on civil liberties. It may be legal, for example, to have a massive federal police force that provides hundreds of guards for every shipment of plutonium. Even so, that procedure still raises civil liberties concerns, since many Americans would feel less free in a society of that type

  7. Technical Civilizations in the Galaxy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Harry

    2005-01-01

    Are there other technical civilizations in the galaxy? Past analyses come to different conclusions. Cocconi and Morrison demonstrated in 1959 that interstellar radio communication was possible and Drake conducted the first search for beacons in 1960. The Drake equation estimates the number of galactic civilizations that are transmitting beacons as the product of the rate of star formation in the galaxy, the fraction of stars with planets, their average number of earthlike planets, the fraction with intelligent life and interstellar communication, and the average lifetime of a technical civilization. The Drake model of the galaxy contains many technical civilizations with communication but no interstellar travel. Michael Hart in 1975 strongly challenged this model. Starting with the fact that no extraterrestrials have been observed on Earth, and assuming that interstellar colonization is possible, he concluded that it was very likely that we are the first civilization in our galaxy and that searching or beacons is probably a waste of time and money. The Fermi paradox similarly reasons that if extraterrestrials exist: they should be here, and asks, Where are they? The Hart/Fermi model of the galaxy contains only our civilization and suggests we may colonize the galaxy. A third galactic model is that we are alone but will never develop interstellar travel. The fourth alternate model has many technical civilizations, with interstellar travel and colonization. The possibilities are clear and momentous. Either we are the only technical civilization in the galaxy or there are others. Technical civilizations will colonize the galaxy or not. We have four cosmic conjectures - one or many, colonization or not - but however unlikely they seem based on our limited evidence, one of these four models must be collect.

  8. Public University in Argentina: Subsidizing the Rich?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozada, Martin Gonzalez; Menendez, Alicia

    2002-01-01

    Investigates educational equity and efficiency of higher education in Argentina. Concludes that despite the fact that public universities are tuition-free, only students from the richest families in Argentina are able to attend universities. Suggests improving higher education equality and efficiency by charging tuition fees and offering selective…

  9. Mida õpetab Argentina finantskriis? / Karsten Staehr

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Staehr, Karsten, 1962-

    2002-01-01

    Norra majandusanalüütik kirjeldab Argentina majanduspoliitikat, analüüsib tehtud vigu ning hoiatab avatud majandusega Eestit võimalike tulevaste välisshokkide eest. Diagramm: SKP kasv ja üleüldine riigieelarve tasakaal 1991-2001 Argentinas

  10. B 150 civil engineering futures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foreword B150 –Civil Engineering Futures consists of interviews made, articles written, and projects presented in connection with the 150th anniversary celebrations of the study of civil engineering in Denmark. Instead of a historical retrospect, it was decided to look into the future. What...... related to sustainability – a Workshop on Traffic. The workshop discussed traffic prognoses and the way they are used in the preparation of urban transport and traffic strategies. Civil engineer Jonas Eliasson spoke about the experience in Sweden of developing a database for traffic prognoses. The main...

  11. Ciudadanía, democracia y política exterior argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Petronis, Virginia Marta Eleonora

    2004-01-01

    La redemocratización en América Latina, y en Argentina en particular, significó la recuperación para los ciudadanos de los derechos civiles y políticos; pero al mismo tiempo fue acompañada por el emprendimiento de procesos de reestructuración del Estado, con su consecuentes reformas económicas, políticas e institucionales. Muchas de ellas se convirtieron en las condiciones a las cuales los organismos de crédito internacionales condicionaron su ayuda. Los efectos no deseables de esas reformas ...

  12. En el nombre del Padre, del Hijo y del Espíritu Gimnástico: prácticas corporales, masculinidades y religiosidad en los Exploradores de Don Bosco en la Argentina de principios de siglo XX Em nome do Pai do Filho e do Espírito Ginástico: práticas corporais, masculinidades e religiosidade nos Exploradores de Dom Bosco na Argentina de início do século XX In the name of the Father, the Son and the Gymnastic Spirit: corporal practices, masculinities and religiosity in the Browsers of Don Bosco in the Argentina of principles of XX century

    OpenAIRE

    Pablo Scharagrodsky

    2009-01-01

    Las escuelas salesianas se instalaron en la Argentina a fin del siglo XIX y no cesaron de crecer hasta nuestros días. Entre sus propuestas educativas la cuestión corporal se constituyó en un problema central. El gobierno del cuerpo y, especialmente, la construcción de cierto tipo de masculinidad fue uno de los ejes centrales de su propuesta. Para construir cuerpos masculinos y viriles se "inventaron", en 1915, los Exploradores de Don Bosco. Dicha experiencia (gimnasia, marchas, paseos, excurs...

  13. DYNAMO OF CIVILIZATION: INTELLECTUALISM

    OpenAIRE

    Neşet TOKU

    2010-01-01

    ÖZETBu makalede; ekonomik, sosyal ve siyasal olmak üzere üst seviyeden biryaşama biçimini ifade eden medeniyetlerin muharrik gücünün ne olupolmadığı sorgulanmakta ve Türk-İslûm medeniyetinin batı medeniyetikarşısında niçin geri kaldığına dair cevaplar aranmaktadır.Anahtar kelimeler: Medeniyet, Entellektualizm, Aydınlanma,Demokratikleşme ABSTRACTThis article questions what is and is not included in the provocative power ofcivilization...

  14. The genera Boiruna and Clelia (serpentes: pseudoboini in Paraguay and Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norman J. Scott Jr.

    2006-01-01

    to beyond the 40th parallel.As serpentes dos gêneros pseudoboinos Boiruna e Clelia, este último provavelmente não monofilético, estão distribuídas desde o sul da Argentina, Brasil e Uruguai até o centro do México. Seis de seus membros ocorrem no Paraguai e na Argentina: B. maculata, Clelia bicolor, C. clelia, C. plumbea, C. quimi, e C. rustica. Historicamente, existiram confusões entre as espécies de maior tamanho (B. maculata, C. clelia, C. plumbea e C. rustica e entre as espécies pequenas (C. bicolor e C. quimi. Todas as espécies, exceto C. rustica, possuem mudanças ontogenéticas na sua coloração. As espécies podem ser diferenciadas através do seu tamanho, cor, espinhos do hemipenis, e número de escamas loreais, supralabiais, e ventrais. A maior parte da diferenciação evolutiva em Boiruna e Clelia parecem ter ocorrido na região anterior da cabeça, pelo que mostram as diferentes proporções das escamas da região loreal. Boiruna maculata é a espécie de maior amplitude ecológica; é encontrada na maioria das formações vegetais existentes ao norte do paralelo 38 no centro da Argentina, ausente apenas na região de sedimentos deltaicos da província de Buenos Aires, Argentina, e nos amplos vales e colinas onduladas do leste do Paraguai. Clelia bicolor é mais comum nos vales dos rios Paraguai e Paraná, e com alguns registros na base dos Andes no norte da Argentina. Clelia clelia distribui-se ao longo do Rio Paraguai e do baixo Paraná, e quase todo o leste do Paraguai. Clelia plumbea aparentemente é parapátrida de C. clelia ao longo do rio Paraná no sudeste do Paraguai e na província de Misiones, Argentina. O extremo leste da distribuição de C. quimi limita-se com o extremo oeste da distribuição de C. bicolor na mesma região sem que, aparentemente, haja superposição. Não existe material de referência que prove a presença de Clelia rustica no Paraguai. Na Argentina, ela é uma espécie encontrada em áreas temperadas; ao norte

  15. Civil Engineering Technology Program Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgia Univ., Athens. Dept. of Vocational Education.

    This publication contains statewide standards for the civil engineering program in Georgia. The standards are divided into 12 categories: foundations (philosophy, purpose, goals, program objectives, availability, evaluation); admissions (admission requirements, provisional admission requirements, recruitment, evaluation and planning); program…

  16. Teaching Mathematics to Civil Engineers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharp, J. J.; Moore, E.

    1977-01-01

    This paper outlines a technique for teaching a rigorous course in calculus and differential equations which stresses applicability of the mathematics to problems in civil engineering. The method involves integration of subject matter and team teaching. (SD)

  17. In the course of history: the upsurge of photography in the image civilization Nos passos da história: o surgimento da fotografia na civilização da imagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Ewald Maya

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available In this article I present a part of my master’s degree dissertation which dealt with the path in the history of photography. The text starts by focusing the profound cleave it provoked in XIX Century iconographies. Next, it analyses the raise of the processes of photographic reproduction, e.g. images of an optical nature (of photographically automatized production. In closing it appraises the origins and transmutations witnessed in the relation artphotography. To do so it adopts the perspectives of photography thinkers such as Walter Benjamin and of researchers as Boris Kossoy, among others. It concludes that photography represented a new – and important spring in terms of multiplication and sharing of information, beyond opening new fields in the visual representations. Neste artigo, apresento uma parte da dissertação de mestrado, cujo objetivo é percorrer os passos da história da fotografia. O texto começa abordando o profundo corte que ela provocou nas iconografias do século XIX. Em seguida, analisa o surgimento dos processos de reprodução fotográfica, isto é, das imagens de natureza óptica (de produção automatizada fotograficamente. Por fim, aborda as origens e transmutações observadas na relação arte-fotografia. Para tanto, adota referenciais teóricos de pensadores da fotografia como Walter Benjamin e de pesquisadores como Boris Kossoy, entre outros. Conclui que a fotografia representou um novo – e importante – salto em termos de multiplicação e difusão da informação, além de abrir novos campos nas representações visuais.

  18. Civil engineering projects realization management

    OpenAIRE

    Mirković Slobodan

    2006-01-01

    The paper treats the management of the realization of civil engineering projects or civil engineering buildings construction management, as a complex dynamic process, which entails a large number of strategic and operative decisions which are important for an efficient, cost effective, and economic construction. The management process execution is not possible without the functions such as planning, organizing, coordination and control. Planning as the initial function, important for the fore...

  19. Civil liability on nuclear activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The civil liability theory in the actual context is shown in the first and second part of this thesis, including some considerations about concepts and types of liability in dangerous and not dangerous activities. In the third part, the legal aspects of civil liability for the nuclear activities are analyzed, with a brief description of the history evolution, standard systems, inspection corporation and juridical regulation. (C.G.C.). 239 refs

  20. Argentina en el siglo XX

    OpenAIRE

    Franco Eugenio Nanni; Adriana Fátima Panico

    2010-01-01

    En un trabajo anterior (“Interpretando la crisis”), analizamos la crisis económico-financiera de 2008-2009 y sus similitudes con otras crisis ocurridas durante el siglo XX en Estados Unidos y el Reino Unido. En este trabajo nos proponemos analizar e interpretar la situación en Argentina, y otros países latinoamericanos. Para el análisis utilizamos las series del producto bruto, calculamos tasas de crecimiento e inflación y realizamos una breve comparación con otros países latinoamericanos. Ut...

  1. Argentina en el sistema internacional

    OpenAIRE

    Tini, María Natalia

    2002-01-01

    El presente trabajo apunta a analizar cuál es el lugar "real" que ocupa la Argentina en el Sistema Internacional, en contraste, con el lugar "ideal" en que lo ha ido posicionando nuestra dirigencia en los últimos 10 años. Para ello, es esencial realizar un breve repaso de la política exterior llevada a cabo por las administraciones Menem y De La Rúa, como sustento empírico de dicho análisis. La hipótesis plantea que para proyectar una adecuada política exterior es necesario formular un ...

  2. Bioceres: AG Biotechnology from Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Feeney

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this case we present a business decision-making situation in which the CEO of an Argentine Ag Biotech company, Bioceres, has to decide the best way to commercialize a new drought-tolerant transgenic technology. The company was founded by twenty three farmers, who shared a common dream that Argentina could become a benchmark in the development of Ag biotechnology. The case has strategic and financial implications, as well as decision-making situation involving a joint venture with an American biotechnology company. It also introduces to discussion the business models of Ag biotechnology companies in developing countries.

  3. Obrigações empresariais no Novo Código Civil Corporate law and the New Brazilian Civil Code

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ligia Paula Pires Pinto Sica

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Tendo em vista a promulgação do novo código civil brasileiro, que reúne dispositivos que revogam o antigo código civil de 1916 e a maioria dos capítulos do código comercial de 1850, unificando-os, é importante que se frise que remanesce a diferenciação entre as matérias de direito civil e comercial, de acordo com suas lógicas peculiares. Sendo assim e tendo o novo código introduzido diversas normas de caráter geral, este trabalho pretende discutir o papel do juiz e da jurisprudência na aplicação dessas normas de maneira casuística, dando-lhes tratamentos distintos de acordo com os fatos apresentados em juízo, de forma a manter a autonomia das áreas do direito mencionadas e garantir aos agentes econômicos o grau de segurança e previsibilidade necessário às suas atuações no mercado.In regard of the enactment of the New Brazilian Civil Code, that unifies the issues treated in the old civil code from 1916 and on the majority of the chapters of the commercial code from 1850, it's important to insist that the differences between the civil and commercial law remains, according to their peculiar logics. Asitis, and as the new code brought several rules of general character, this paper intends to discuss the role of the judge and jurisprudence in the civil law system, by interpretating those rules in a casuistic manner, giving them different treatments, according to the presented facts during litigation, in a way to maintain the autonomy of the law areas mentioned above and guarantee to the economic agents the level of certainty and previsibility, needed to exercise their activities in the market.

  4. Communication Needs of Thai Civil Engineering Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaewpet, Chamnong

    2009-01-01

    This article reports on an examination of the communication needs of a group of Thai civil engineering students. Twenty-five stakeholders helped identify the communication needs of the students by participating in individual interviews. These included employers, civil engineers, civil engineering lecturers, ex-civil engineering students of the…

  5. 7 CFR 3017.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil judgment. 3017.920 Section 3017.920 Agriculture... AGRICULTURE GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 3017.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of competent jurisdiction,...

  6. 5 CFR 919.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil judgment. 919.920 Section 919.920 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 919.920 Civil judgment. Civil...

  7. 31 CFR 19.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil judgment. 19.920 Section 19.920... SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 19.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of competent jurisdiction, whether by verdict, decision,...

  8. 30 CFR 903.845 - Civil penalties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil penalties. 903.845 Section 903.845... PROGRAMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF SURFACE MINING OPERATIONS WITHIN EACH STATE ARIZONA § 903.845 Civil penalties. Part 845 of this chapter, Civil Penalties, applies to the assessment of civil penalties for...

  9. 29 CFR 1471.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil judgment. 1471.920 Section 1471.920 Labor Regulations... SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1471.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of competent jurisdiction, whether by verdict, decision,...

  10. 29 CFR 98.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Civil judgment. 98.920 Section 98.920 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 98.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of competent...

  11. Space civil engineering - A new discipline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadeh, Willy Z.; Criswell, Marvin E.

    1991-01-01

    Space Civil Engineering is an emerging engineering discipline that focuses on extending and expanding the Civil Engineering know-how and practice to the development and maintenance of infrastructure on celestial bodies. Space Civil Engineering is presently being developed as a new discipline within the Department of Civil Engineering at Colorado State University under a recently established NASA Space Grant College Program. Academic programs geared toward creating Space Civil Engineering Options at both undergraduate and graduate levels are being formulated. Basic ideas and concepts of the curriculum in the Space Civil Engineering Option at both undergraduate and graduate levels are presented. The role of Space Civil Engineering in the Space Program is discussed.

  12. A RESPONSABILIDADE CIVIL NO CONTRATO DE TRANSPORTE DE PESSOAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora Bós e Silva

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO A responsabilidade civil enquanto área temática na esfera do Direito Civil, merece ser melhor apreciada, uma vez que os assuntos desenvolvidos, tais como, os danos provenientes do transporte gratuito ou de cortesia, tem sido discutidos nas mais diversas instâncias, dada a sua importância. Não é demais afirmar que a responsabilidade civil, se constitui em um dos pilares essenciais para a garantia da efetiva reparação, alçado ao mais alto patamar de instrumento de preservação do cidadão na sociedade contemporânea. Por essa razão, procuramos desenvolver o presente artigo sob a perspectiva do contrato de transporte de pessoas, analisando os pressupostos para a configuração do dever de indenizar, análises jurisprudenciais, pressupostos que afastam o dever de indenizar, a diferenciação entre transporte gratuito e de cortesia, entre outros tópicos, visto que, imprescindível se torna a elaboração de estudos aprofundados sobre o tema. Palavras- chave: Responsabilidade civil, transporte de pessoas, indenização. LIABILITY CIVIL IN THE CONTRACT OF CARRIAGE OF PERSONS ABSTRACT Liability as a subject area in the sphere of Civil Law, deserves to be appreciated, since the issues developed, such as damage from the shuttle or courtesy, has been discussed in various instances, given its importance. Not too much to assert that the civil liability constitutes an essential pillar for ensuring effective redress, raised to the highest level of a tool for preservation of the citizen in contemporary society. For this reason, we developed this article from the perspective of the contract of carriage of person, analyzing the conditions for setting the duty to indemnify, jurisprudential analysis, assumptions that drive the duty to indemnify, differentiation between shuttle and courtesy, among other topics, because, becomes imperative to draw up detailed studies on the subject. Key-words: Liability, Transportation of people, indemnity. SUM

  13. Sistema de salud de Argentina The health system of Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Belló

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se describe el sistema de salud de Argentina, que está compuesto por tres sectores: público, de seguridad social y privado. El sector público está integrado por los ministerios nacional y provincial, y la red de hospitales y centros de salud públicos que prestan atención gratuita a toda persona que lo demande, fundamentalmente a personas sin seguridad social y sin capacidad de pago. Se financia con recursos fiscales y recibe pagos ocasionales de parte del sistema de seguridad social cuando atiende a sus afiliados. El sector del seguro social obligatorio está organizado en torno a las Obras Sociales (OS, que aseguran y prestan servicios a los trabajadores y sus familias. La mayoría de las OS operan a través de contratos con prestadores privados y se financian con contribuciones de los trabajadores y patronales. El sector privado está conformado por profesionales de la salud y establecimientos que atienden a demandantes individuales, a los beneficiarios de las OS y de los seguros privados. Este sector también incluye entidades de seguro voluntario llamadas Empresas de Medicina Prepaga que se financian sobre todo con primas que pagan las familias y/o las empresas. En este trabajo también se describen las innovaciones recientes en el sistema de salud, incluyendo el Programa Remediar.This paper describes the health system of Argentina.This system has three sectors: public, social security and private.The public sector includes the national and provincial ministries as well as the network of public hospitals and primary health care units which provide care to the poor and uninsured population. This sector is financed with taxes and payments made by social security beneficiaries that use public health care facilities. The social security sector or Obras Sociales (OS covers all workers of the formal economy and their families. Most OS operate through contracts with private providers and are financed with payroll

  14. População indígena: uma reflexão sobre a influência da civilização urbana no estado nutricional e na saúde bucal Indigenous peoples: reflection about the influence of urban civilization on nutritional status and oral health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Garcia de Moura

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Embora ainda existam sociedades indígenas que mantêm um modo tradicional de viver, nas quais uma alimentação adequada em quantidade e qualidade provém da caça e da prática de agricultura, a maioria dos índios vem sofrendo um processo de aculturação oriundo do contato com a civilização urbana, pois eles não mais dispõem de terra suficiente que garanta a subsistência. Desse modo, acabam tornando-se dependentes do comércio local e consumindo alimentos industrializados que podem ser prejudiciais à saúde bucal e ao estado nutricional. A presente comunicação tem como objetivo identificar a influência da transição alimentar, devido ao contato com a civilização urbana, no estado nutricional e na condição bucal da população indígena brasileira. Os dados relacionados nessa investigação foram obtidos na base de dados do SciELO e do MedLine, PubMed, pesquisando-se os termos de indexação: "índios sul-americanos", "comportamento alimentar", "estado nutricional", "saúde bucal". Estudos revelaram a prevalência de desnutrição infantil, sobrepeso e obesidade em adultos, índice de cárie elevado e doença periodontal nas comunidades indígenas que vêm passando por mudanças de hábitos culturais. Conclui-se que a transição alimentar pode levar a desordens nutricionais e ao desenvolvimento de doenças bucais, sugerindo a necessidade de uma intervenção e/ou monitoramento por meio de programas dirigidos à assistência à saúde, ao saneamento básico, ao acesso à terra e à educação.Although there are still some indigenous societies that have maintained their traditional way of life, where food consumption in terms of amount and quality is based on hunting and agriculture, most indigenous peoples have been undergoing an acculturation process secondary to the contact with urban civilizations, since they no longer have enough land to guarantee their subsistence. Thus, they become dependent on local trade and consume

  15. Artificial Intelligence in Civil Engineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pengzhen Lu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science, involved in the research, design, and application of intelligent computer. Traditional methods for modeling and optimizing complex structure systems require huge amounts of computing resources, and artificial-intelligence-based solutions can often provide valuable alternatives for efficiently solving problems in the civil engineering. This paper summarizes recently developed methods and theories in the developing direction for applications of artificial intelligence in civil engineering, including evolutionary computation, neural networks, fuzzy systems, expert system, reasoning, classification, and learning, as well as others like chaos theory, cuckoo search, firefly algorithm, knowledge-based engineering, and simulated annealing. The main research trends are also pointed out in the end. The paper provides an overview of the advances of artificial intelligence applied in civil engineering.

  16. La especificidad del desarrollo de la industria automotriz en la Argentina, 1959-1963

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ianni, Valeria L.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A forma específica em que a indústria automobilística se desenvolveu na Argentina, a partir de 1959 (crescimento e decréscimo de empresas, produção em pequena escala, produtividade abaixo da média mundial, entre outros, é revisada neste artigo, a partir de uma perspectiva que centra a explicação na lógica do movimento do capital a nível internacional, no período posterior à Segunda Guerra Mundial.

  17. Una época de cambios: la industria textil argentina entre dos crisis, 1914-1933

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belini, Claudio

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa as mudanças acontecidas na industria têxtil argentina, entre a Primeira Guerra Mundial e a Grande depressão. Argumenta-se que durante a década de 1920 ocorreu um avanço na substituição das importações, liderado pela indústria lanífera, pela fabricação de tecidos de malha e de fibra sintética. Nesse sentido, o artigo examina os fatores que impulsionaram essas transformações.

  18. La especificidad del desarrollo de la industria automotriz en la Argentina, 1959-1963

    OpenAIRE

    Ianni, Valeria L.

    2008-01-01

    A forma específica em que a indústria automobilística se desenvolveu na Argentina, a partir de 1959 (crescimento e decréscimo de empresas, produção em pequena escala, produtividade abaixo da média mundial, entre outros), é revisada neste artigo, a partir de uma perspectiva que centra a explicação na lógica do movimento do capital a nível internacional, no período posterior à Segunda Guerra Mundial.

  19. Challenges in PFBR civil construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Civil works of PFBR has posed numerous design and construction challenges. Eight safety related nuclear buildings of PFBR are founded on a single raft, first of its kind in Indian nuclear Reactors. Construction of eight interconnected buildings on the common raft has been challenge for construction material transportation. Thus Herculean task, require storage of massive quantities of raw materials and ice. The civil construction scope in PFBR expanded to critical steel fabricated structures integrated with civil works. This includes huge embedment erected to very close tolerances. Large size panels for upper lateral, lower lateral and bottom shields were to be fabricated to intricate contours with tight tolerances and were required to be transported to locations from far off distances; this was well accomplished without loss of tolerances of fabricated structures. Novel construction practices and stringent quality control procedures were implemented to accomplish this critical requirement. Integration of cooling coils inside the safety vessel flanges after completing the reactor vault and safety vessel erection, required special contour bending for numerous reinforcement and development of special construction methodology. The neutron detector box integration with bottom shield was also a construction challenge posed and well addressed by site. Many mock ups were to be carried out for demonstrating the construction procedures and methodology for critical construction activities. Maintaining the stringent requirements such as clean room conditions was a major challenge and was met effectively. Equipment erection in parallel to civil works too required innovative solutions for clean condition maintenance while civil works are in progress. it can be said that the civil construction of PFBR has emerged as a marvel of technology handled professionally by competent engineers deploying scientific construction techniques and stringent quality control procedures. (author)

  20. Sociedad civil y capital social

    OpenAIRE

    José Fernández Santillán

    2009-01-01

    Este documento aborda el tema de la democracia desde una perspectiva opuesta al llamado neoinstitucionalismo; es decir, se orienta a analizar los procesos de democratización desde la base de la sociedad civil y, en es pe cial, desde lo que se conoce como el cap i tal so cial. Desde mediados de la década de 1980, el tema de la democracia desde la perspectiva de la sociedad civil fue cobrando cada vez mayor relevancia. Esta tendencia se vio reforzada por la caída del Muro de Berlín el 9 de nov...

  1. Civil liability concerning nuclear accidents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    France and the USA wish to cooperate in order to promote an international regime of civil liability in order to give a fair compensation to victims of nuclear accidents as it is recommended by IAEA. On the other hand the European Commission has launched a consultation to see the necessity or not to harmonize all the civil liability regimes valid throughout Europe. According to the Commission the potential victims of nuclear accidents would not receive equal treatment at the European scale in terms of insurance cover and compensation which might distort competition in the nuclear sector. (A.C.)

  2. Argentina en el MERCOSUR (2007-2011)

    OpenAIRE

    Gentile, María Elisa

    2012-01-01

    En este trabajo se analizan los principales aportes de Argentina en el MERCOSUR, bajo el primer gobierno de Cristina Fernández de Kirchner teniendo en cuenta que el gobierno de la Argentina hizo del bloque regional uno de los ejes principales de su política exterior. Como resultado, en los últimos años han aparecido indicadores de resurgimiento del MERCOSUR, a pesar de lo cual aún persisten algunos conflictos.

  3. Argentina: toward energy self-sufficiency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Argentina has one operating nuclear power plant, the 367 MWe Atucha I supplied by Kraftwerk Union. The second plant, at Rio Tercero, is a standard 600 MWe CANDU, expected to be in service in 1981. Contractors are Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. for the nuclear steam supply, and Italimpianti for the balance of the plant. Bids are being considered for a third plant, Atucha II. Argentina is moving gradually towards developing a nuclear industry based on its own uranium and manpower resources. (LL)

  4. An Energy Overview of Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Argentina. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit

  5. Poverty and Health in Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Alejandra Silva

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This article examines health conditions in the rural areas of Central Argentina, the country’s main region for soy-bean production and export. Health conditions are analyzed through the concepts of emerging and re-emerging diseases in a context of increasing poverty. Data on poverty and health was obtained from both primary sources (trade union, government officials, rural doctors and the South Watch/FA/FODEPAL/UNR working group and secondary sources (IPEC/INDEC, IDESA, Consultora Equis, the Argentine Ministry of Employment, ILO, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of the Environment, toxicology centers and rural doctors. Analysis of rural health conditions gives cause for concern. There is evidence of deterioration in the social determinants of health such as an increase in rural and urban poverty associated with informal employment and child labor. At the same time lack of government epidemiological and toxicological data appears to hide or distort the reality of health conditions.

  6. Soybean biomass produced in Argentina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Semino, Stella; Paul, Helena; Tomei, Julia;

    Soybean biomass for biodiesel, produced in Argentina amongst other places, is considered by some to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate climate change when compared with fossil fuel. To ensure that the production of biofuels is ‘sustainable', EU institutions and national governments are...... been demonstrated in several studies, but the atmospheric impact of soybean cultivation has not been tested in situ. Some of the models for climate impact (N2O emissions etc) are based on in vitro studies, while field data are scarce. The situation, which is outside the control of the EU, has not been...... environmental sustainability. This is exemplified by soy, whose cultivation undermines the climate benefit claimed for soy-based biodiesel. This paper concludes that to certify soy monocultures as sustainable would exacerbate existing climatic and environmental problems....

  7. Space Civil Engineering option - A progress report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Criswell, Marvin E.; Sadeh, Willy Z.

    1992-01-01

    Space Civil Engineering is an emerging engineering discipline that focuses on extending and expanding Civil Engineering to the development, operation, and maintenance of infrastructures on celestial bodies. Space Civil Engineering is presently being developed as a new discipline within the Department of Civil Engineering at Colorado State University and with support of the NASA Space Grant College Program. Academic programs geared toward creating Space Civil Engineering Options at both undergraduate and graduate levels are being formulated. Basic ideas and concepts and the current status of the curriculum in the Space Civil Engineering Option primarily at the undergraduate level are presented.

  8. POLÍTICAS NEOLIBERAIS E GOVERNABILIDADE: COMPARAÇÃO ENTRE A CRISE POLÍTICO-ECONÔMICA DA ARGENTINA E DO BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Matias Pereira

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Propõe-se neste artigo analisar os efeitos das políticas de ajuste estrutural e de estabilização recomendadas pelo FMI para os países da América Latina, enfocando os casos da Argentina e do Brasil. Partiu-se do pressuposto de que essas políticas aprofundaram os problemas socioeconômicos e contribuíram para aumentar a instabilidade política nesses países. Assim, buscou-se avaliar a relação entre as políticas de austeridade e a governabilidade na Argentina e no Brasil, tomando como base a análise das três variáveis clássicas de desempenho econômico: crescimento, desemprego e inflação. Em níveis distintos, a crise está submetendo as instituições argentinas e brasileiras a um processo de enfraquecimento acelerado e levando ao descrédito os seus dirigentes políticos. Esse fenômeno está provocando efeitos negativos na eficácia e na legitimidade dos sistemas políticos da Argentina e do Brasil. Buscou-se evidenciar que a governabilidade se encontra fortemente ameaçada na Argentina e moderadamente no Brasil. Ao final, concluímos que o desfecho drástico da crise argentina e o aumento da vulnerabilidade da economia brasileira representam a confirmação do fracasso das políticas de corte neoliberal na América Latina, que não se mostraram capazes de gerar um modelo consistente de desenvolvimento sustentável nos países da região.

  9. Etica civile e beatitudini evangeliche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicola Colaianni

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Il contributo, sottoposto a valutazione, riproduce il testo dell’intervento nel dibattito a due voci (con il presidente della Corte costituzionale, Gaetano Silvestri a conclusione del convegno “La Bibbia sulle strade dell’uomo” (Messina, 23 novembre 2013, ed è destinato alla pubblicazione negli Atti.SOMMARIO: 1. L’etica civile come etica costituzionale – 2. L’etica evangelica – 3. Irriducibilità? – 4. La promessa e il terzo – 5. La libertà – 6. Il tratto di cammino insieme.  Civil Ethic and Evangelical Beatitudes ABSTRACT The differences between civil ethic and religious ethic, that the Author defines as constitutional principles and evangelic Beatitudes, are well known: it’s common knowledge that the ones are effective in the earthly life while the others are oriented to the eternal life. Nevertheless the Author argues that they both have a common feature before that last analysis: they cross as principles of continuing opposition to unjust society, to “unlawful law”, to spreading apart between the constitutional and evangelic must be and the legislative being of positive law.KEY-WORDS: Civil Ethic – Constitution – Evangelical Beatitudes – Differences - Common Feature.

  10. Getting the Civil War Right

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loewen, James W.

    2011-01-01

    William Faulkner famously wrote, "The past is never dead. It's not even past." He would not be surprised to learn that Americans, 150 years after the Civil War began, are still getting it wrong. Did America's most divisive war start over slavery or states' rights? The author says that too many people--including educators--get it wrong. The author…

  11. Civil Engineering Technology Program Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgia Univ., Athens. Dept. of Vocational Education.

    This program guide presents civil engineering technology curriculum for technical institutes in Georgia. The general information section contains the following: purpose and objectives; program description, including admissions, typical job titles, and accreditation and certification; and curriculum model, including standard curriculum sequence and…

  12. Job Prospects for Civil Engineers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basta, Nicholas

    1985-01-01

    Government programs and renewed industrial activity have combined with stable enrollments to create bright job prospects for civil engineers. Areas with good opportunities include highway reconstruction and rehabilitation, water-resource management, and new factory construction. The subspecialty of structural engineering has a growing need in…

  13. Primary Sources Enliven Civil War

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robelen, Erik W.

    2011-01-01

    Today, a growing number of teachers are moving beyond the textbook in teaching about the war, and U.S. history more broadly. Teachers are digging directly into primary sources and harnessing technology, all in an attempt to help students better understand the past and bring it to life. Doing so may be especially important with the Civil War,…

  14. Nuclear civil liabilities. International conventions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A convention on the complementary repair of nuclear damages comes and superposes on the Convention of Paris and the Convention of Vienna or national autonomous conventions of nuclear civil liability. In case of accident, a fund would be created to compete the first level of indemnification beyond the contribution of the government. (N.C.)

  15. Promoting Civil Discourse on Campus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bornstein, Rita

    2010-01-01

    During the past several decades, off campus and on, much of the discourse on controversial issues has been personal, vicious, and divisive. On the national scene, politics has become permeated with incivility. It now appears that Americans have been naive about their ability and willingness to engage in civil discourse and compromise. How can…

  16. Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermina Fernández Zambón

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available La actividad industrial, de cualquier época, tiene una gran importancia para el hombre, pues al igual que el resto de los procesos económicos, es el reflejo del accionar cotidiano de la sociedad sobre el espacio. Considerando esto, el presente articulo tiene como objetivo presentar al patrimonio industrial como recurso para organizar rutas turísticas que permitan en algunos casos recuperar espacios industriales abandonados o usar establecimientos industriales en funcionamiento pero que pueden incorporarse a este tipo de desarrollo turístico. La creación de rutas turísticas puede permitir la reactivación de las economías locales, por constituirse en definitiva en una nueva actividad económica. Para lograr esto es necesario articular el sector público y el privado. De esta forma es posible, a través de la creación de rutas turísticas del patrimonio industrial, generar un desarrollo turístico local sustentable.

  17. The far right in post-peron Argentina between sacristy and revolution: the case of Tacuara - doi: 10.4025/dialogos.v13i1.361 La extrema derecha en la Argentina posperonista entre la sacristía y la revolución: el caso de Tacuara A extrema direita na Argentina pós-peronista entre a sacristía e a revolução: o caso de Tacuara - doi: 10.4025/dialogos.v13i1.361

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Lvovich

    2010-05-01

    sectores conservadores y entreguistas católicos por un lado y, por los grupos que, después de la Revolución Nacional, buscaron conectarse con el peronismo, en particular, los sindicatos de esa orientación. Este segundo grupo se fundamentaba en una ideología autoritaria, corporativista, antidemocrática y antisemita; sin embargo, también era antiimperialista, populista y, en algunas ocasiones, anticapitalista. Tales orientaciones convirtieron al movimiento Tacuara y, en particular, a los grupos que se consideraban revolucionarios, en un punto de vista apropiado para discutir la pertinencia del concepto de fascismo para América Latina durante la Post Guerra y las posibilidades de aplicación en el continente de un concepto que surgió para dar cuenta de fenómenos específicamente europeos.Neste trabalho analisamos o caso do movimento Tacuara. Trata-se de um grupo de extrema direita que começou a atuar publicamente na Argentina, em 1958. O grupo sofreu uma série de divisões motivadas pelo enfrentamento entre os setores conservadores e entreguistas católicos por um lado, e pelos grupos que, após a Revolução Nacional, buscaram conectar-se com o peronismo, particularmente, com os sindicatos dessa orientação. Este segundo grupo fundamentava-se numa ideologia autoritária, corporativista, antidemocrática e antisemita, porém também antiimperialista, populista e, em algumas ocasiões, anticapitalista. Tais orientações converteram o movimento Tacuara e, em particular, os grupos que se consideravam revolucionários, em um ponto de vista apropriado para discutir a pertinência do conceito de fascismo para a América Latina no Pós-Guerra, explorando as possibilidades de aplicação neste continente de um conceito que surgiu para dar conta de fenômenos especificamente europeus.

  18. Climate Change and Civil Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Vink, G.; Plancherel, Y.; Hennet, C.; Jones, K. D.; Abdullah, A.; Bradshaw, J.; Dee, S.; Deprez, A.; Pasenello, M.; Plaza-Jennings, E.; Roseman, D.; Sopher, P.; Sung, E.

    2009-05-01

    The manifestations of climate change can result in humanitarian impacts that reverse progress in poverty- reduction, create shortages of food and resources, lead to migration, and ultimately result in civil violence and conflict. Within the continent of Africa, we have found that environmentally-related variables are either the cause or the confounding factor for over 80% of the civil violence events during the last 10 years. Using predictive climate models and land-use data, we are able to identify populations in Africa that are likely to experience the most severe climate-related shocks. Through geospatial analysis, we are able to overlay these areas of high risk with assessments of both the local population's resiliency and the region's capacity to respond to climate shocks should they occur. The net result of the analysis is the identification of locations that are becoming particularly vulnerable to future civil violence events (vulnerability hotspots) as a result of the manifestations of climate change. For each population group, over 600 social, economic, political, and environmental indicators are integrated statistically to measures the vulnerability of African populations to environmental change. The indicator time-series are filtered for data availability and redundancy, broadly ordered into four categories (social, political, economic and environmental), standardized and normalized. Within each category, the dominant modes of variability are isolated by principal component analysis and the loadings of each component for each variable are used to devise composite index scores. Comparisons of past vulnerability with known environmentally-related conflicts demonstrates the role that such vulnerability hotspot maps can play in evaluating both the potential for, and the significance of, environmentally-related civil violence events. Furthermore, the analysis reveals the major variables that are responsible for the population's vulnerability and therefore

  19. Extraterrestrial civilizations: Problems of their evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leskov, L. V.

    1987-01-01

    The problem of finding extraterrestrial civilizations and establishing contact with them is directly related to the problem of their evolution. Possible patterns in this evolution and the stages in the evolution of extraterrestrial civilizations are examined.

  20. Control of nuclear materials and materials in Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A general view about the safeguards activities in Argentina is presented. The national system of accounting for and control of nuclear materials is described. The safeguards agreement signed by Argentina are presented. (E.G.)

  1. : The glocal bunker and its paradox: operational dialetic between "reclosure" and "openness" in advanced mediatic civilization. O bunker glocal e seu paradoxo: dialética operacional entre "refechamento" e "abertura" na civilização mediática avançada.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugênio Trivinho

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available in advanced mediatic civilization — In this article, the author reflects upon the sociohistorical signification of the glocal bunker today — the mediatic bunker of cyberculture (cyberspace, which, extending beyond the global and the local, within the very fabric of planetary glocaliza- tion, culturally rearticulates and reinforces the process of obliterated militarization of social life. His discussion dissects an autopoietic sociophenomenological and fundamental filigrain of the material and subjective experience of this bunker: a paradoxical intra-operational movement which simultaneously encompasses "reclosure" and "openness" in relation to the world, and particularly to alterity. This peculiar paradox conceals the way in which the collective and indi- vidual appropriation by the majority of digital networks is expressed in the sociohistorical and in quotidian life. In effect, internationally established cyber-overoptimistic discourse promotes the "openness" brought about by interactivity as the only fact worthy of attention in the current stage of the productive forces. The material and subjective "reclosure" it also represents is discarded as a mere historical exception, accident or minor inconvenience. The present study examines the naiveté of this epochal fallacy. "Openness" can only be understood if in inter-remission with the tendency for "reclosure". If, in cyberculture, there is no confinement or total atomization of the subject, neither is there an unquestionable horizon absolutely free to him. O artigo desdobra a reflexão do autor sobre a significação social-histórica do bunker glocal na atualidade — bunker mediático da cibercultura (o cyberspace que, vigorando para além do global e do local, já no tecido próprio da glocalização planetária, rearticula e reforça, cul- turalmente, o processo de militarização obliterada da vida social. A argumentação disseca uma

  2. The European civil code: the way forward

    OpenAIRE

    Collins, Hugh

    2008-01-01

    Hugh Collins argues that the European Union should develop a civil code to provide uniform rules for contracts, property rights and protection against civil wrongs, thus drawing together the differing national traditions with respect to the detailed regulation of civil society. The benefits of such a code would lie not so much in facilitating cross border trade, but in establishing foundations for a denser network of transnational relations of civil society, which in turn would help to overco...

  3. The moral status of civil disobedience

    OpenAIRE

    Brownlee, Kimberley; Professor Joseph Raz; Dr John Tasioulas

    2007-01-01

    This dissertation examines the moral character of civil disobedience. The discussion begins with a conceptual analysis of civil disobedience which eschews standard definitions in favour of a paradigm case approach, highlighting a parallel between the communicative aspects of civil disobedience and the communicative aspects of lawful punishment by the state. Foundations for a moral evaluation of civil disobedience are then laid down through, first, an examination of the nature ...

  4. RECRUITMENT AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF CIVIL SERVANTS

    OpenAIRE

    Roxana Cristina RADU; Eliza Adela VOICU

    2014-01-01

    An ever increasing feature of public office is the way in which the recruitment and training of civil servants are controlled by legislation. Civil servants are a basic component of public administration but they are also important for labor law because civil service relations have the characteristics of an employment relationship and also specific features resulting from the rules of public law. The relevant expression of the interferences between public and private law for civil servants is...

  5. Global Civil Society 2005/6

    OpenAIRE

    Anheier, Helmut K.; Kaldor, Mary; Glasius, Marlies

    2005-01-01

    The annual Global Civil Society Yearbooks provide an indispensable guide to global civil society or civic participation and action around the world. Each yearbook includes commissioned contributions from leading commentators across the social sciences on the latest issues and developments. Each yearbook also explores and presents the latest approaches to measuring and analyzing global civil society and provides a chronology of key global civil society events in the year. The 2005/6 Yearbo...

  6. History of Civil Engineering Modal Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brincker, Rune

    2008-01-01

    techniques are available for civil engineering modal analysis. The testing of civil structures defers from the traditional modal testing in the sense, that very often it is difficult, or sometimes impossible, to artificially excite a large civil engineering structure. Also, many times, even though an...

  7. The Transformed Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office for Civil Rights, US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Since 1968, the Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC) has collected data on key education and civil rights issues in our nation's public schools for use by the Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR), other Department offices, other federal agencies, and by policymakers and researchers outside of the Department. The CRDC has…

  8. 34 CFR 303.424 - Civil action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil action. 303.424 Section 303.424 Education... Civil action. Any party aggrieved by the findings and decision regarding an administrative complaint has the right to bring a civil action in State or Federal court under section 639(a)(1) of the...

  9. 49 CFR 218.9 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil penalty. 218.9 Section 218.9 Transportation... TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD OPERATING PRACTICES General § 218.9 Civil penalty. Any person (an entity of any type... requirement of this part or causes the violation of any such requirement is subject to a civil penalty of...

  10. 7 CFR 3560.2 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 3560.2 Section 3560.2 Agriculture... DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General Provisions and Definitions § 3560.2 Civil rights. (a... prohibition under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. 2000d and Title VI regulations...

  11. 34 CFR 300.516 - Civil action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil action. 300.516 Section 300.516 Education... DISABILITIES Procedural Safeguards Due Process Procedures for Parents and Children § 300.516 Civil action. (a... aggrieved by the findings and decision under § 300.514(b), has the right to bring a civil action...

  12. 14 CFR 1274.924 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Discrimination Act of 1975 (42 U.S.C. 6101 et seq.), and the NASA implementing regulations (14 CFR parts 1250... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 1274.924 Section 1274.924... FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.924 Civil rights. Civil Rights July 2002 Work...

  13. 31 CFR 103.57 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil penalty. 103.57 Section 103.57... REPORTING OF CURRENCY AND FOREIGN TRANSACTIONS General Provisions § 103.57 Civil penalty. (a) For any... willfully participates in the violation, a civil penalty not to exceed $1,000. (b) For any willful...

  14. 78 FR 672 - Civil Monetary Penalties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-04

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Rural Housing Service 7 CFR Part 3560 RIN 0575AC93 Civil Monetary Penalties AGENCY...) proposes to implement two civil monetary penalty provisions. First, RHS proposes to amend its regulations to create a new section, for imposing civil monetary penalties under the authority of 42 U.S.C....

  15. 49 CFR 228.21 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil penalty. 228.21 Section 228.21..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HOURS OF SERVICE OF RAILROAD EMPLOYEES Records and Reporting § 228.21 Civil... requirement is subject to a civil penalty of at least $650 and not more than $25,000 per violation,...

  16. 32 CFR 310.46 - Civil actions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil actions. 310.46 Section 310.46 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) PRIVACY PROGRAM DOD PRIVACY PROGRAM Privacy Act Violations § 310.46 Civil actions. An individual may file a civil...

  17. 22 CFR 127.10 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Civil penalty. 127.10 Section 127.10 Foreign... Civil penalty. (a) The Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs is authorized to impose a civil penalty in an amount not to exceed that authorized by 22 U.S.C. 2778, 2779a and 2780...

  18. 10 CFR 110.64 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil penalty. 110.64 Section 110.64 Energy NUCLEAR... Enforcement § 110.64 Civil penalty. (a) In response to a violation, the Commission may institute a proceeding to impose a civil penalty under section 234 of the Atomic Energy Act by issuing a notice to...

  19. 49 CFR 221.7 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil penalty. 221.7 Section 221.7 Transportation... TRANSPORTATION REAR END MARKING DEVICE-PASSENGER, COMMUTER AND FREIGHT TRAINS General § 221.7 Civil penalty. Any... requirement is subject to a civil penalty of at least $650 and not more than $25,000 per violation,...

  20. 10 CFR 1017.29 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... subject to a civil penalty under this part: (1) 10 CFR Part 1017—Identification and Protection of... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil penalty. 1017.29 Section 1017.29 Energy DEPARTMENT... INFORMATION Violations § 1017.29 Civil penalty. Link to an amendment published at 74 FR 66033, Dec. 14,...

  1. 30 CFR 881.12 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Civil Rights Act of 1964” (43 CFR part 17) and shall give assurances of compliance in such forms as may... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 881.12 Section 881.12 Mineral... LAND RECLAMATION SUBSIDENCE AND STRIP MINE REHABILITATION, APPALACHIA § 881.12 Civil rights. State...

  2. 14 CFR 1212.800 - Civil remedies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil remedies. 1212.800 Section 1212.800... Comply With Requirements of This Part § 1212.800 Civil remedies. Failure to comply with the requirements of the Privacy Act and this part could subject NASA to civil suit under the provisions of 5...

  3. 33 CFR 401.102 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil penalty. 401.102 Section... TRANSPORTATION SEAWAY REGULATIONS AND RULES Penalties-Violations of Seaway Regulations § 401.102 Civil penalty. (a) A person, as described in § 401.101(b), who violates a regulation is liable to a civil penalty...

  4. 7 CFR 761.3 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 761.3 Section 761.3 Agriculture... SPECIAL PROGRAMS GENERAL PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION General Provisions § 761.3 Civil rights. Part 15d of this title contains applicable regulations pertaining to civil rights and filing of discrimination...

  5. 50 CFR 401.22 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil rights. 401.22 Section 401.22..., DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT § 401.22 Civil rights. Each application for Federal assistance, grant-in-aid award... Assisted Programs of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and with the Secretary's regulations...

  6. Analysis of Reinforcement of Civil Evidence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Xiaoyue

    2015-01-01

    Abstract:Corroborative evidence is the basis for ascertaining and corroboration rules are proof the rules, plays a corroborative proof function and limiting the discretion of judges. Full study of corroborative evidence in civil procedure rules to use, helps to perfect evidence rules of civil procedure and civil systems.

  7. FROM “CIVILIZING FORCE” TO “SOURCE OF BACKWARD-NESS”: REPRESENTATIONS OF SPANISH COLONIALISM IN LAT-IN AMERICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthias vom Hau

    2015-09-01

    colonialism as a “civilizing force” that propelled the nation forward prevailed in state-sponsored historical narratives. This changed during the mid-20th century. From then onwards, official national discourses portrayed Spanish colonialism as a “source of backwardness” and thus crucial to understand contemporary political and socioeconomic development. Based on an analysis of schoolteachers’ worldviews and their use of textbooks the paper further demonstrates that the extent of this commemorative shift varied across cases. The paper situates these collective memory patterns within broader transformations of nationalism. Specifically, the explanatory argument links changing representations of Spanish colonialism to shifts in the balance of power between states elites and organized social forces, and patterns of state infrastructural development.Keywords: Latin America, nationalism, State building, collective memory, colonialism, na-tional identity, Mexico, Peru, Argentina.

  8. Sociedad civil / sociedad informacional: redes sociales basadas en tic en argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Susana Finquelievich; Graciela Kisilevsky

    2011-01-01

    Este trabajo es una contribución al estudio sobre las redes sociales sustentadas por Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación (TICs), en relación con el proceso de apropiación social de las TICs como instrumentos de comunicación y organización social para el desarrollo local. Definimos este desarrollo como el empoderamiento de organizaciones intermedias y de base, movimientos y movilizaciones populares y,...

  9. Bringing civil society back in: the allocation of social benefits in Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Sonat, Duygu

    2012-01-01

    This thesis explores the determinants of the use of material inducements by political parties as a strategy of mobilizing voters. Previous studies find an association between socioeconomic variables, electoral competition, partisanship and the level of social discontent and the scope of clientelistic offers on the other. This study suggests that manipulation of public policies is a function of not only political incentives but also of incumbent parties' capacity to monitor the responsiveness ...

  10. Challenges in PFBR civil construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Civil works of PFBR has posed numerous design and construction challenges. Eight safety related nuclear buildings of PFBR are founded on a single raft, first of its kind in Indian nuclear Reactors. Construction of eight interconnected buildings on the common raft has been challenge for construction material transportation. The construction of Nuclear Island Connected Buildings (NICB) raft was completed in three and a half months. This massive 100mx100m raft for NICB, requiring 35000 cubic meter of concrete was undertaken in twelve pours. This Herculean task required storage of massive quantities of raw materials and ice. The construction of Turbo Generator (TG) building including TG mat and deck and interconnection with NICB posed enormous construction challenges that were well planned and executed. The intake and outfall structures too are exemplary construction handled effectively at PFBR. The excavation for the nuclear and power islands was large and deep. Rock out crops were found starting at various depths of excavation, requiring extensive planning controlled blasting and mechanization in excavation. This also required innovative dewatering procedures in sandy terrain often mixed with clay. Ground water table at PFBR site being high, water proofing for massive underground structure of PFBR was required to be carefully engineered and handled. This started with innovative grouting of excavated strata below the raft till required permeability was met and bone dry condition was achieved for laying of waterproofing membranes. Concurrent construction and regulatory reviews and stage wise clearance for civil construction required dynamic construction planning and sequencing. The scope of civil construction in PFBR expands to critical steel fabricated structures integrated with civil works. This includes huge embedment erected to very close tolerances. Large size panels for upper lateral, lower lateral and bottom shields were fabricated to intricate contours with

  11. Geometric procedures for civil engineers

    CERN Document Server

    Tonias, Elias C

    2016-01-01

    This book provides a multitude of geometric constructions usually encountered in civil engineering and surveying practice.  A detailed geometric solution is provided to each construction as well as a step-by-step set of programming instructions for incorporation into a computing system. The volume is comprised of 12 chapters and appendices that may be grouped in three major parts: the first is intended for those who love geometry for its own sake and its evolution through the ages, in general, and, more specifically, with the introduction of the computer. The second section addresses geometric features used in the book and provides support procedures used by the constructions presented. The remaining chapters and the appendices contain the various constructions. The volume is ideal for engineering practitioners in civil and construction engineering and allied areas.

  12. Practical Guide to Civil Mediation

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    The Permanent Mission of Switzerland has informed CERN that the Département des Institutions of the Republic and Canton of Geneva and the Groupement suisse des Magistrats pour la médiation (GEMME) - Swiss Association of Magistrates for Mediation have published a multilingual Practical Guide to Civil Mediation (including English). In this context, the Swiss Mission has underlined the benefits of resorting to mediation, especially for the personnel of international organizations, and which the Secretary-General of the GEMME has summarised as follows: it is a private process not requiring the waiver of the parties' immunities; the confidentiality of the mediation process is guaranteed both by the mediator and the parties to it; the search for an amicable settlement does not need to be determined by reference to law (provided that public order is respected); the process is faster (2 to 3 sessions), less costly and more flexible than civil or arbitration procedures; in order to reinforce the agreeme...

  13. Practical Guide to Civil Mediation

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    The Permanent Mission of Switzerland has informed CERN that the Département des Institutions of the Republic and Canton of Geneva and the Groupement suisse des Magistrats pour la médiation (GEMME) - Swiss Association of Magistrates for Mediation have published a multilingual Practical Guide to Civil Mediation (including English). In this context, the Swiss Mission has underlined the benefits of resorting to mediation, especially for the personnel of International Organizations, and which the Secretary-General of the GEMME has summarised as follows: it is a private process not requiring the waiver of the parties' immunities; the confidentiality of the mediation process is guaranteed both by the mediator and the parties to it; the search for an amicable settlement does not need to be determined by reference to law (provided that public order is respected); the process is faster (2 to 3 sessions), less costly and more flexible than civil or arbitration procedures; in order to reinforce the agreem...

  14. Radiation exposure from civil aviation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The question as to whether civil air crews and frequent air passengers ought to be classified among the group of occupationally exposed persons has in principle been decided by the recommendations adopted by the ICRP, the competent bodies of the EU, and national authorities. Measurements for more information on the radiation fields involved are planned. The German Radiation Protection Office (BfS) recently published a statement on dose commitments, assuming a maximum annual dose of approx. 8 mSv in addition to the mean value already determined. Legal provisions, which ought to be adopted also on EU level since civil aviation is a transboundary traffic system, have yet to come. (orig./HP)

  15. Introducing the Civil Wars mediation (CWM) dataset

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Mediation is one of the few mechanisms the international community can deploy that will affect civil wars. This article introduces the dataset on mediation in civil wars – termed the Civil War Mediation (CWM) dataset. This is the first dataset to focus solely on civil war mediation. These data contribute to the present state of quantitative research on mediation in three important respects: the data are collected for the period of 1946–2004, are organized by mediation cases and by civil war e...

  16. Judicial civil procedure dragging out in Kosovo

    OpenAIRE

    Rrustem Qehaja; Elza Bajrami

    2016-01-01

    This article tends to deal with one of the most worrying issues in the judicial system of Kosovo the problem of judicial civil procedure dragging out. The article analyses the reasons of these dragging outs of the judicial civil procedure focusing on the context of one of the basic procedural principles in civil procedure-the principle of economy or efficiency in the courts. Dragging out of civil procedure in Kosovo has put in question not only the basic principles of civil procedure, but it ...

  17. First description of microchromosome in the Anostomidae fish Schizodon nasutus from Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.C. Pastori

    1997-09-01

    Full Text Available Thirty-six specimens of Schizodon nasutus (Anostomidae-Characiformes from the middle Paraná River (Posadas, Argentina were analyzed cytogenetically. The karyotype of this species was similar to those described for this species in the literature. C-banding technique showed a rich heterochromatic pattern relative to other Anostomidae species. The NORs were located on one chromosome pair in terminal position and showed a very marked size heteromorphism. A microchromosome was observed with a frequency of about 20% in the sample studied. This additional element was punctiform, negative C-band, and constant in all metaphase plates of the seven carriers. The present study is the first karyotypic approach to Schizodon nasutus from Argentina and the first description of microchromosome in AnostomidaeTrinta e seis espécimens de Schizodon nasutus (Anostomidae-Characiformes do médio Paraná (Posadas, Argentina foram analisados citogeneticamente. O cariótipo encontrado foi semelhante aos descritos para esta espécie na literatura. A técnica de bandamento C mostrou um rico padrão heterocromático em relação a outras espécies de Anostomidae. As NORs localizaram-se em um par cromossômico em posição terminal e mostraram um acentuado heteromorfismo de tamanho. Um microcromossomo foi observado com freqüência de cerca de 20% na amostra estudada. Este elemento adicional era puntiforme, bandamento C negativo e constante em todas as placas metafásicas dos sete portadores. O presente estudo é o primeiro com abordagem cariotípica em Schizodon nasutus da Argentina e a primeira descrição de microcromossomo em Anostomidae

  18. The Civil War in Afghanistan

    OpenAIRE

    Liakhovsky, Alexander

    2000-01-01

    Author analyses (a) the causes leading to the Afghan Civil War 1979-1989 (the war is above all the result of global rivalries between the super-power states and conflicting political systems); (b) Politburo decision to send Soviet troops into Afghanistan (there is reason to believe that the leaders of the Soviet Union became "victims" of strategic misinformation, skillfully put into effect by American intelligence agencies); (c) the deployment of Soviet troops in Afghanistan (brought about an...

  19. Civil service employment statistics 2006

    OpenAIRE

    Donna Livesey; Craig Taylor; Pete Jones

    2007-01-01

    Presents a summary of annual statistics, previously produced by the Cabinet Office and now the responsibility of ONS.This article presents a summary of annual Civil Service statistics for the year ending 30 September 2006, as published in July 2007. Previously produced by the Cabinet Office, responsibility for the collection and publication of these statistics is now with the Office for National Statistics (ONS). This transfer of responsibility was outlined in an ‘In brief’ article in the Feb...

  20. Civil engineering for power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Power plant structures are conspicuously visible and have an impact on our landscape. In the opinion of a critical public, a successful external design can greatly enhance acceptance of an undertaking and its plants. This paper considers the subjects - utilization of by-products, aggregation of series experience in the construction of nuclear power plants, architecture in power plant construction, water works for adequate cooling water supply and also quality assurance in civil engineering and optimum application of electronic data processing. (orig.)

  1. EXPERIMENTING TOWARDS CIVIL SOCIETY RESILIENCE

    OpenAIRE

    Engelbach, Wolf; Kloyber, Christian; Rigaud, Eric; Wendt, Willi

    2015-01-01

    International audience Civil Society Resilience is an area of crisis management that is complementary to professional response. Crisis managers and response organizations need to integrate individuals, communities and local governments in their management efforts, among others by efficient crisis communication via media and the mobilization and handling of citizens as spontaneous volunteers. DRIVER aims at a campaign of experiments: organizational concepts and IT-solutions will be iterativ...

  2. Civil Applications of Safeguards Equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The events of September 11 have cast a new light on the perceived security of the world's nuclear facilities. Although concerns have persisted that governments might want to divert nuclear material from civil use to secret weapons programs - recent developments in North Korea validate such concerns - the terrorist attacks on US soil have inspired new fears for nuclear sites of insider threats that, if acted upon, could result in either outright sabotage of the facility or diversion of materials, potentially for future terrorist activities. Further, these concerns have increased the importance of preventing material stolen from nuclear facilities in countries with relatively weak security measures from being trafficked illicitly to and used against prime terrorist targets (industrialized countries of Europe and North America). Without international agreements and standards to guide their efforts, the international nonproliferation community now faces these newly emerged challenges of how to protect nuclear materials from insider threats and how to block diverted materials from reaching terrorist hands. The following paper will explore opportunities for agreed-upon and proven integrated safeguards equipment to be used both to counter the insider threat at nuclear facilities by automatically supervising oversight authorities, and to prevent illicit trafficking of nuclear materials by observing personnel and procedures at civil installations. To conclude, the paper will look to future civil applications of safeguards equipment as support for international counter-terrorism and security efforts

  3. The demography of extraterrestrial civilizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billingham, J.

    1981-01-01

    Studies carried out within the last ten years on the nature and distribution of extraterrestrial intelligent life are reviewed. Arguments for the absence of intelligent life in the Galaxy based on the assumption that at least some of these would have engaged in colonization and for the presence of colonies of extraterrestrials in some undiscovered location in the solar system are presented, and it is noted that both these views rest on the notion that interstellar travel can be achieved at high velocities in very large vehicles, which has been questioned. Alternative suggestions concerning interstellar exploration by automated probes and the possible extended time scale and motivation for galactic colonization are pointed out. Attention is then given to arguments for the extreme smallness of one of the factors in the Drake equation used to estimate the number of communicative extraterrestrial civilizations in the Galaxy, including the frequency of single stars, the likelihood that planets with the correct initial composition and conditions for life are at the proper distance from their stars, the probability of the formation of DNA and the origin of life, and the time for the evolution of intelligence. It is concluded that it seems likely that other civilizations exist in the Galaxy, although the number and distribution of such civilizations may only be determined by the detection of one or more examples.

  4. Viajes comerciales de intercambio en el departamento de Antofagasta de la Sierra, Puna meridional argentina : pasado y presente

    OpenAIRE

    García, Silvia P.; Rolandi, Diana; López, Mariana; Valeri, Paula

    2002-01-01

    Los viajes hacia valles interserranos a lomo de mula fueron una experiencia compartida por todos en esta región de la puna argentina, hasta hace veinte años. En este trabajo se relacionan los datos obtenidos a través de entrevistas a informantes en el departame nto de Antofagasta de la Sierra, con los surgidos tras la consulta de las Actas del Registro Civil y se arriba a conclusiones respecto de los vínculos de parentesco que unieron a quienes comerciaban e intercambiaban mercaderías produci...

  5. Summary of CRP participants' reports: Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Argentina, which is now being used in cooperation for research and it is expected to be used for technological assistance to the local industry. The implemented facility consists in a pilot scale vessel that can be used as a bubble column or a three-phase fluidized bed, surrounded by an array of 8 NaI(Tl) scintillation detectors and the required nuclear instrumentation to register the photon counts with appropriate frequency. The tracer path is determined by inverse reconstruction methods implemented in Fortran language. Improvements to the reconstruction procedure so as to consider dynamic information in the calibration step are within the objective of a thesis work starting on April 2007. In addition, within the CRP, three PhD thesis works have been developed, two of them already finished and one ongoing. Publications and conference presentations arising from the project, which illustrates applications of the different analysis procedures, are listed

  6. The nuclear research centre at Bariloche, Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear research centre at Bariloche (CAB) is one of the four centres under the Atomic Energy Commission of Argentina (CNEA). The research programme of CAB addresses various issues like nuclear reactor development, nuclear fuel and fuel cycle, applications of radioisotopes and radiation, and waste management. There is also a basic nuclear science component. The human resource development in the areas of physics and nuclear engineering is done in an associated Balseiro Institute which has undergraduate and graduate programmes as well as doctoral and postdoctoral research. The Centre interacts well with the society and provides services in the nuclear area. It has a close interaction with the nuclear sector of Argentina as also with many international organisations. Regulatory control over the Centre is carried out by the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of Argentina. (author)

  7. The handling of nuclear emergencies in Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: In 1998, the Executive signed the decree 1390, which defined the scope and the procedures corresponding to the Nuclear Activity Law. In this decree, the new functions of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN) are described, being the most important related to preparation and response for a nuclear emergency the following ones: 1) ARN must provide protection from harmful effects of ionizing radiations under normal conditions and emergency situations; 2) ARN must advise the Executive in case of radiological and nuclear emergencies; 3) ARN shall establish the criteria for the emergency plans of the facilities and train the members of neighbor public to the facilities in case of nuclear emergencies; 4) The emergency plans developed by local, provincial and national authorities must be approved by the ARN; 5) ARN shall lead the actions within the area covered by the emergency plans of the facilities. Security Forces and the Representatives of Civil Institutions shall report the designated ARN officer. The ARN recognized immediately the responsibility imposed by this law and, at the same time, the opportunity of improving the handling of emergencies through a centralized direction of the operations. Under this frame, ARN created the Radiological Emergencies Intervention System (SIER) with the goal of taking charge of the preparation and the handling of emergency situations. From the beginning, the purpose of the SIER was to improve the preparation and response to nuclear emergencies in a regular form, bearing in mind the cultural and socioeconomic situation of the country, as well as the local peculiarities. The first steep to achieve such a target was to gain the confidence of other organizations included in the response on the ARN technical and operational aptitude to lead the actions inside the emergency area and, later, to establish the pertinent arrangements. The strategy chosen by ARN to respond to nuclear emergencies consists in establishing an expert

  8. Radioactive waste management strategy in Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, an outline is given concerning the treatment, conditioning, characterization, storage, transport and final disposal of radioactive wastes arising in the fuel cycle, radioisotopes production plant, research centers, etc. The overall strategy of the Argentina program is to plan, develop and implement the technology and provide the facilities for the permanent isolation of commercially generated wastes, with the aim that this waste not compromise the health and safety of the general public. To implement all these activities, CNEA has established in 1986 a Radioactive Waste Management Program. This long term project is aimed at meeting all the requirements for the radioactive waste management of Argentina

  9. El desarrollo nuclear de Argentina y Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Quintanar, Silvia; Romegialli, Mónica

    2004-01-01

    En el Cono Sur Latinoamericano, Brasil y Argentina han concluido en materia de energía atómica una serie de acuerdos bilaterales, con jerarquía de tratados vinculatorios, que aseguran el uso exclusivamente pacífico de la energía nuclear. En los años 90 se profundiza el fortalecimiento de la confianza mutua, los gobiernos de Carlos Menem, en Argentina, Collor de Melho, Itamar Franco y Fernando H. Cardoso, en Brasil, siguen los lineamientos de las grandes potencias y en particular de Estados Un...

  10. Migration trends in Argentina: immigration and exile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Osvaldo ESTEBAN

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Through the development of a typology of migration flows, the paper reviews the most important trends in the history of Argentina: the massive European immigration, internal migrations, and immigration from neighbouring countries. The paper then discuss the current process of emigration from Argentina, and the return of old immigrants. The paper assess the economic factors involved through an analysis of unemployment, poverty and income distribution indicators in recent years. Finally, the paper examines the possibility of diminishing the recent emigration trend due to economic reasons.

  11. ATLAS Civil Engineering Point 1

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Vialis

    1998-01-01

    Different phases of realisation to Point 1 : zone of the ATLAS experiment After watching this film you can get the view of the civil engineering work at POINT1 where the ATLAS will be built. 03-11-1998 The video starts with the view of the POINT1 taken from the roof of the building 33. 04-11-1998 View of the installation of the entrance of the SDX1 18/19-11-1998 Installation of the rafters to the building PX15

  12. Noviolencia, desobediencia civil y ejemplaridad

    OpenAIRE

    Alicia María de Mingo Rodríguez

    2010-01-01

    Este artículo intenta mostrar la íntima conexión entre el espíritu que anima la noviolenciaen Mahatma Gandhi y la modalidad de práctica de dicha noviolencia que representala desobediencia civil. No sólo se aborda aquella noviolencia y esta desobediencia en susrasgos básicos, destacándose la perplejidad que suscita la noviolencia en su asimetría eirreprocidad (respecto al acto agresivo), sino que expresamente se intenta articularlasde cara a pensar la relevancia de ambos conceptos para una edu...

  13. Terminologia do direito processual civil em Cabo Verde

    OpenAIRE

    Graça, Evódia Gomes da

    2010-01-01

    O presente trabalho tem como objectivo prioritário propor, a criação de uma base de dados terminológica e textual trilingue – Português – Inglês – Francês no domínio do direito processual civil em Cabo Verde. No entanto, tencionamos no futuro introduzir o caboverdiano como uma quarta língua na base de dados. Assim, os termos e as colocações terminológicas que iremos armazenar estarão na base da preparação dos recursos linguísticos e terminológicos para o ensino do português jur...

  14. Os imaginários da Guerra Civil Espanhola

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Nazario

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Neste breve panorama do cinema produzido na Espanha durante a guerra civil e das representações do conflito na cinematografia mundial, o autor ressalta as imprecisões dos cronistas da guerra, abertamente engajados num dos lados em luta; a propaganda que vicejou, mesclando fatos e mitos, nos filmes realizados pelos rebeldes e pelos republicanos; os exageros alimentados pelas mídias, assim como as reduções operadas pelos revisionistas. Os paradoxos da realidade local que conduziram a Espanha à guerra alimentaram o surrealismo, geraram enigmas até hoje não decifrados pelos historiadores e criaram imaginários impregnados de alusões, metáforas e simbolismos que desafiam a objetividade.

  15. Argentina - Women Weaving Equitable Gender Relations

    OpenAIRE

    Stubbs, Josefina

    2008-01-01

    In 2001, after a long period of recession, Argentina faced the greatest economic, political, and institutional crisis in its history. Unemployment reached levels nearing 18 percent and the poverty rate reached a peak of 58 percent in 2002, increasing twofold the number of people living the poverty line and impacting in a disproportionate manner the most vulnerable and poverty stricken fami...

  16. Microsporidian isolates from mosquitoes of Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Microsporidia are among the most common and widely distributed microbial pathogens associated with mosquitoes in nature. Since 1980 studies of microsporidia in mosquitoes of Argentina were conducted at the Laboratory of Insect Vectors of CEPAVE. Eleven morphologically unique species of microsporidia...

  17. Argentina and Brazil's Relations to the EU

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Steen Fryba

    Analysen diskuterer Argentina og Brasiliens relationer til EU i nyere tid med udgangspunkt i forhandlingerne om en associeringsaftale mellem EU og Mercosur, der igangsattes efter underskrivelsen af en bi-regional rammeaftale i 1995. Fokus er i særlig grad på, hvordan disse relationer bedst forstå...

  18. Argentina : Gender Equity in the Private Sector

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2010-01-01

    First tested in Mexico in 2003, and most recently applied in 2009 in Argentina, the World Bank has developed a model to incorporate gender equity into private sector organizations while simultaneously enhancing their business. Under the model, participating organizations conduct a self-diagnosis to identify gender biases and gaps in the operations. This baseline is then used to create and ...

  19. Rocky Mountain spotted fever in Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cases of epidemic typhus have been documented in Argentina since 1919; however, no confirmed reports of spotted fever rickettsiosis were described in this country until 1999. We describe the first molecular confirmation of Rickettsia rickettsii, the etiologic agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever (R...

  20. 1974 amnesty for migrants in Argentina.

    OpenAIRE

    Marmora L

    1983-01-01

    ILO pub. Working paper commenting on migration policy trends and 1974 legislation (Decree 087-74) comprising an amnesty for irregular migrants in Argentina - discusses migrant workers' legal status and impact on the labour market, and considers their geographic distribution, demographic aspects, nationality, illiteracy, labour force participation, occupational structure, etc. Bibliography and statistical tables.

  1. Pathogenic Hantaviruses, Northeastern Argentina and Eastern Paraguay

    OpenAIRE

    Padula, Paula; Martinez, Valeria P.; Bellomo, Carla; Maidana, Silvina; San Juan, Jorge; Tagliaferri, Paulina; Bargardi, Severino; Vazquez, Cynthia; Colucci, Norma; Estévez, Julio; Almiron, María

    2007-01-01

    We describe the first, to our knowledge, cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in northeastern Argentina and eastern Paraguay. Andes and Juquitiba (JUQ) viruses were characterized. JUQV was also confirmed in 5 Oligoryzomys nigripes reservoir species from Misiones. A novel Akodon-borne genetic hantavirus lineage was detected in 1 rodent from the Biologic Reserve of Limoy.

  2. China Looks to Argentina to Grow Food

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    @@ It might sound perverse for a Chinese company to go halfway round the globe to grow soya and other crops on unproductive land in a dry corner of Argentina. Yet that is what Beidahuang Group, a state-owned farm company based in the north-eastern Chinese province of Heilongjiang, is doing in the Pa-tagonian province of Rio Negro.

  3. Hemagglutinating Encephalomyelitis Coronavirus Infection in Pigs, Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Quiroga, Maria A.; Cappuccio, Javier; Piñeyro, Pablo; Basso, Walter; Moré, Gastón; Kienast, Mariana; Schonfeld, Sergio; Cáncer, José L.; Arauz, Sandra; Pintos, María E.; Nanni, Mariana; Machuca, Mariana; Hirano, Norio; Perfumo, Carlos J.

    2008-01-01

    We describe an outbreak of vomiting, wasting, and encephalomyelitis syndrome in piglets in Argentina, caused by porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis coronavirus (PHE-CoV) infection. Diagnosis was made by epidemiologic factors, pathologic features, immunohistochemistry, reverse transcription–PCR, and genomic sequencing. This study documents PHE-CoV infection in South America.

  4. The Politics of Human Rights in Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Brysk, Alison

    2013-01-01

    Revised edition of 1994 out-of-print Stanford University Press study of human rights protest, social change, and democratization in Argentina.  A symbolic politics analysis of the truth commission, trials, and policy reform in Latin America's most sweeping transition of the 1980's.

  5. Diffusion Models and Global Civil Society

    OpenAIRE

    Helmut K. Anheier; Katz, Hagai; Lam, Marcus

    2007-01-01

    In its focus on the relationships between civil society activity across the political spectrum, communications and democratic change, Global Civil Society 2007/8 explores how activists and organisations are exploiting the effects of globalisation to create or expand spaces for debate and discussion, often using new forms of communications, even in closed regimes such as Burma, Iran and China. In addition to a focus on the civil society activity in illiberal regimes, this edition of the Yearbo...

  6. Civil Society di Masyarakat Muslim: Pengalaman Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Jamhari Jamhari

    2014-01-01

    This book presents a study on democracy and civil society in non-Western countries. Like other discourse on democracy and modernization, civil society emerged in the West with its specific culture and tradition. Therefore the development of discourse on civil society in non-Western countries has raised a question: Is a social system that emerged in a particular culture compatible to a society with different culture and tradition? Among other things, the book edited by Robert W. Hefner i...

  7. COMPULSORY INSURANCE OF CIVIL LIABILITY IN RUSSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Malik

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article outlines the main trends of compulsory insurance of civil liability in Russia : problems, trends and prospectsInsurance of civil liability – one of the popular forms of distribution and security in the world. The essence of compulsory insurance of civil responsibility is to protect the property interests of individuals. The development of liability insurance goes along with technological progress and reinforced by various laws and regulations, it touches almost all areas of life.

  8. Examining Conflict Escalation Within the Civilizations Context

    OpenAIRE

    Sean Bolks; Richard Stoll

    2003-01-01

    Samuel Huntington's article and book on the clash of civilizations has created a great deal of controversy and interest. The focus of this is his assertion that in the post-Cold War era, there will be significant conflict between states from Western civilization and states from Islamic civilization. This assertion has been the subject of a number of systematic empirical studies (Henderson, 1997, 1998; Henderson and Tucker, 2001; Russett, Oneal and Cox, 2000; Chiozza, 2002). These studies shar...

  9. To the theory of civil society

    OpenAIRE

    Abdibekov Nazarbay; Baimakhanova Dina Muratovna

    2015-01-01

    Main goal of activity of government and the Kazakhstan reforms in the fundamental principle is construction and development of the constitutional state and civil society. The concept of development of civil society and formation of the modern open state allow solving problems of interaction of the population and authorities. The democracy in its full realization provides differentiation of civil society and state by means of certain mechanisms of influence of citizens on activity of governmen...

  10. Poverty and Civil War: Revisiting the Evidence

    OpenAIRE

    Djankov, Simeon; Reynal-Querol, Marta

    2010-01-01

    Previous research has interpreted the correlation between per capita income and civil war as evidence that poverty is a main determinant of conflict. In this paper, we find that the relationship between poverty and civil war is spurious and is accounted for by historical phenomena that jointly determine income evolution and conflict. In particular, the statistical association between poverty and civil wars disappears once we include country fixed effects. Also, using cross-section data for 19...

  11. Civil society organizations, participation and budgeting

    OpenAIRE

    Willmore, Larry

    2004-01-01

    The author defines terms and concepts discussed in an Expert Group Meeting on Civil Society Participation in Fiscal Policy held at UN headquarters in New York City. He addresses first the question, What is civil society? The term is used in varied ways by different writers, which makes communication difficult and impedes clarity of thought. Second, he attempts to categorize and synthesize the many ways that civil society participates in the budget process.

  12. CIVIL AVIATION CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS IN CHINA

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Sainan

    2013-01-01

    With the social and economic development, the civil aviation industry of China is experiencing rapid growth. This growth will lead to more CO2 emissions. Carbon dioxide emissions and greenhouse effect are already serious problems especially in China, but also all over the world. Civil aviation has brought environmental pollution in the context of improving social activity and economic growth. Because of civil aviation, the rapid increase of the total amount of air pollutants are also in...

  13. Moral autonomy, civil liberties, and Confucianism

    OpenAIRE

    Chan, J

    2002-01-01

    Analyzes the associations among moral autonomy, civil liberties and Confucianism. Concept of moral autonomy; Elements of moral living; Application of moral autonomy in Confucian ethics; Theories of freedom.

  14. Gauging the Magnitude of Civilization Conflict

    OpenAIRE

    Glynn Ellis

    2010-01-01

    Multiple studies of Huntington’s suggestion of a clash of civilizations have found no support for it. This study does not reanalyze his thesis, but rather focuses on specific features of the different-civilization conflict he theorizes about. Using empirical analysis I find that different-civilization conflict is more prevalent than same-civilization conflict, and is therefore appropriate for continued scholarly examination. Even so, I conclude that over time it is not only shrinking as a p...

  15. Radio communications with extra-terrestrial civilizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotelnikov, V. A.

    1974-01-01

    Communications between civilizations within our galaxy at the present level of radio engineering is possible, although civilizations must begin to search for each other to achieve this. If an extra-terrestrial civilization possessing a technology at our level wishes to make itself known and will transmit special radio signals to do this, then it can be picked up by us at a distance of several hundreds of light years using already existing radio telescopes and specially built radio receivers. If it wishes, this civilization can also send us information without awaiting our answer.

  16. Nuclear energy regulation in Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nuclear Regulatory Authority was established as an autonomous body reporting to the Presidency of Argentina by Act known as the Nuclear Activity National Act, and is empowered to regulate and control the nuclear activity with regard to radiation and nuclear safety, physical protection and nuclear non-proliferation issues. This report details functions and competence of the regulatory body in order to preserve its own independent criterion regarding every aspect of radiological and nuclear safety, and the global strategy of the regulatory system, which are concentrated in the following basics aspects: issue of the corresponding standards; execution of regulatory inspections and audits to verify the compliance with granted licenses and authorisations; independent execution of analyses and studies for the licensing process of nuclear installations; development of technical and scientific aspects associated to radiological and nuclear safety; training of personnel involved in radiological and nuclear safety, either belonging to the Regulatory Body or those working in installations, which perform practices under control. The regulatory control activities are carried out with independence of technical opinions and decisions; administrative autarchy; legal capacity to act in the field of public and private rights, and qualified personnel. The regulatory system complies with the concept of safety culture and its development, and the commitment to nuclear power plants' safety is made clear in design or operation concepts giving priority to safety over economic rentability of the installations. The compliance with Maintenance Programs, In-service Inspection Programs and good operation practices are also part of the commitment. This paper describes the organisational structure of the regulatory body, its human resources, personnel qualification and training, and the necessary financial resources. The regulatory body issues and establishes the standards, which regulate and

  17. Mito y Realidad: el Turismo Social como Política del Primer Peronismo en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erica Schenkel

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Ao considerar as férias um direito universal, o primeiro peronismo (1943-1955 desenhou uma política de turismo social ambiciosa que busca ampliar o acesso ao lazer em pessoas vulneráveis. Consequentemente, o gozo de práticas de turismo se torna um símbolo dos ganhos dos trabalhadores que dirige o movimento. Neste contexto, em seguida, examina o alcance da política peronista na cidade de Bahia Blanca, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

  18. Mito y Realidad: el Turismo Social como Política del Primer Peronismo en Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Erica Schenkel

    2012-01-01

    Ao considerar as férias um direito universal, o primeiro peronismo (1943-1955) desenhou uma política de turismo social ambiciosa que busca ampliar o acesso ao lazer em pessoas vulneráveis. Consequentemente, o gozo de práticas de turismo se torna um símbolo dos ganhos dos trabalhadores que dirige o movimento. Neste contexto, em seguida, examina o alcance da política peronista na cidade de Bahia Blanca, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

  19. Exiliadas españolas en Francia y Argentina: identidades transnacionales y transferencias culturales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Moreno Seco

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This text reflects on the experiences of women who lived in exile led by the Spanish Civil War and Franco’s dictatorship to France and Argentina, countries where Spanish communities residing abroad were more numerous. The differences in personal backgrounds and political contexts in the host societies, or the constant arrival of new migrants and exiled not prevent some common elements point to the Spanish women exiles: their role in the processes of cultural transfer –with the maintenance of cultural traits and Spanish or regional identity and the incorpora- tion of new elements of the host country- as well as a political militancy with important international contacts, all of which strengthened transnational identities.

  20. Rodolfo Kusch and the constitution of what’s popular in Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lautaro Rivara

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available From the works of argentine philosopher Rodolfo Kusch (1922-1979 divided in five lines of reflection-researching, we will board his thesis about the constitution of the popular in Argentina, stopping in two moments. At first, we will elaborate his particular reading on the political cycle of independence and the period of argentine national and state-wise organization, focusing in his debate with the classic Sarmiento duality of “civilization or barbarism” and noting the similarity of some of the author’s concepts with the recent input of the modernity/coloniality paradigm. Later we will focus on the persistence of the indigenous in the constitution of how popular in our country, dialoguing with other positions of the national and latinamerican thinking and arriving to some conclusions for the social research

  1. Historias y viñetas, una versión del pasado traumático. Carlos Giménez: variaciones entre España y Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Néstor Bórquez

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The following paper shall focus especially on the work of Carlos Giménez, a comic author from Madrid who attempts to represent there Spanish daily life from Civil War times up to the end of the Francoist regime –and his own life experience displays there an unavoidable reference point: 36-39 Malos tiempos, but mostly Paracuellos and Barrio are part of his own life story during the Civil War and the Francoist regime. In Argentina, authors such as Mariano Grassi or María Delia Lozupone and Rafael Cippolini try a similar intimist gaze upon the representation of dictatorship times in Argentina. This paper shall seek to establish a dialogue between these manifestations, attempting thereby to analyze the intimate plot of history and representation in these comic books.

  2. The American South: From Civil Rights Struggle to Civil Rights Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Dorit Wagner

    2012-01-01

    In recent years the American South has become the platform for an authenticity seeking tourism industry. Former sites of civil rights action have been revived and transformed into tourist attractions. The following paper introduces the notion of so-called civil rights tourism and presents a critical analysis of current sites of civil rights commemoration throughout the American South.

  3. International Seminar on Nuclear policy in Argentina and the world: present and perspectives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 25 and April 26, 2013 was held in Buenos Aires the International Seminar 'Nuclear Politics in Argentina and the world: present and perspectives', organized by the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ARN), the National University of San Martin (UNSAM) and University of San Andres (UdeSA). With the main objective of creating an area for reflection and discussion on the state of the global nuclear policy, its impact on the region and in our country, and raised as an area of interaction between the academic and those working in the sector policies. The seminar consisted of six thematic panels, in addition to the opening session, in which academics and researchers exposed renowned in dialogue with officials and professionals of the nuclear sector. In this seminar were presented some papers of the following topics: historical approaches to nuclear policy in emerging contexts; nuclear policy and civil society; discussion and perspectives on proliferation and non-proliferation, security in the post-Fukushima: discussion and perspectives; Argentina-Brazil: from competition to cooperation, present and prospects for the nuclear industry.

  4. Civil Liability for Environmental Damages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Ciochină

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available We debated in this article the civil liability for environmental damages as stipulated in ourlegislation with reference to Community law. The theory of legal liability in environmental law is basedon the duty of all citizens to respect and protect the environment. Considering the importance ofenvironment in which we live, the liability for environmental damages is treated by the Constitution as aprinciple and a fundamental obligation. Many human activities cause environmental damages and, in linewith the principle of sustainable development, they should be avoided. However, when this is notpossible, they must be regulated (by criminal or administrative law in order to limit their adverse effectsand, according to the polluter pays principle, to internalize in advance their externalities (through taxes,insurances or other forms of financial security products. Communication aims to analyze these issues andlegal regulations dealing with the issue of liability for environmental damage.

  5. ATLAS Civil Engineering Point 1

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Vialis

    1999-01-01

    ATLAS Civil Engineering - Point 1 In the film you can see various stages of construction in Point 1: that is the experiment zone for ATLAS experimentation. One part of the video is filmed on the surface of Point 1. Therefore you can get the view of the hall SX 1 and the cranes. Cranes are located close to the ridge of the hall roof. The film gives you the view of the hall that covers the caps and the wells to underground cavern where the experiment will be implemented. The machinery for excavation lifts and cranes as well as the stock areas can also be seen. There are iron mounting and concrete works too

  6. Radiation meters for civil defence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The technical requirements for the radiation meters used in civil defence are specified in the guide. The aim of the requirements is to quarantee sufficient measurement accuracy and reliable operation even in extreme environmental conditions. The guide is based on the following standards: (1) IEC 846 'Beta, X and gamma radiation dose equivalent and dose equivalent rate meters for use in radiation protection', (2) IEC 1017-1 'Portable, transportable of installed X or gamma radiation ratemeters for environmental monitoring, part 1: Ratemeters', and (3) IEC 45 B (Secretariat) 104 'Direct reading, personnel dose equivalent and/or dose equivalent rate monitors for X, gamma and high energy beta radiation'. (12 refs., 5 tabs.)

  7. Civil defense should be mandatory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, the author exposes myths about the effects of nuclear weapons so that the U.S. can begin the necessary task of a mandatory civil defense program. An all-out nuclear war between Russia and the United States would be the worst catastrophe in history, a tragedy so huge it is difficult to comprehend. Even so, it would be far from the end of human life on earth. The dangers from nuclear weapons have been distorted and exaggerated for varied reasons. These exaggerations have become demoralizing myths, believed by millions of Americans. The author has found that many people see no sense in talking about details of survival skills. Only after they have begun to question the truth of these myths do they become interested, under normal peacetime conditions, in acquiring nuclear war survival skills. The author examines the most harmful of the myths about nuclear war dangers, along with some of the grim facts

  8. Remaking Public Spaces for Civil Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ranson, Stewart

    2012-01-01

    The collective action predicaments of the time require citizens to participate in remaking the governance of civil society so that they can become engaged and cooperate together. Can citizens become makers of civil society? This article draws upon Hannah Arendt's "On Revolution" to provide a theory of remaking in which citizens come together to…

  9. Civil Society Participation at CONFINTEA VI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haddad, Sergio

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzes the participation of civil society in the Sixth International Conference on Adult Education held in Belem do Para, Brazil, 1-4 December 2009. As a foundation, the discussion first illuminates the important role that civil society in general plays in democratic issues and the relation between the state and society followed by…

  10. Citizenship, Democratic Participation, and Civil Society

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boje, Thomas P.

    2015-01-01

    the relationship between market, state, civil society and family has been under restructuring due to the financial crisis and the retrenchment of the welfare state. This article tries to establish a frame for understanding the potential role of civil society organizations and the importance of...

  11. The Civil Rights Commission Must Persist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Gerald A.

    2007-01-01

    Columnist George Will and others have questioned the continuing need for a federal civil rights commission, because civil rights protections have been on the books since 1964. The chairman of the Commission, Gerald Reynolds, here responds that practitioners of critical legal theory, advocates of the Akaka-Secession bill, some proponents of…

  12. Sexually Violent Predators and Civil Commitment Laws

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beyer Kendall, Wanda D.; Cheung, Monit

    2004-01-01

    This article analyzes the civil commitment models for treating sexually violent predators (SVPs) and analyzes recent civil commitment laws. SVPs are commonly defined as sex offenders who are particularly predatory and repetitive in their sexually violent behavior. Data from policy literature, a survey to all states, and a review of law review…

  13. Active Center of Islamic Dialogue Civilizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebrahim Moghimi

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available It is obvious that an essay have introduced about Dialogue Civilizations, at first must be start with a definition about it. Obviously, this simple definition is almost difficult. Defining of Dialogue Civilizations is complex and difficult as far as it need to a vast range of definitions. In this essay will argue that how ever definition of Dialogue Civilization is different, can only seek as specific of intemporall and special situations that are in real-life. As well as this essay emphasize to practice of environmental (realm in Islamic countries. The philosophy of this essay is that, what is the share of Islamic environments with regard to looking at Civilizations special phenomena. The first attitude is that Islamic civilization includes different spaces around the globe. The second attitude is that Islamic Civilization includes developing of other Civilizations realm. The third is that in the realm of Islamic Civilization live different human life and this is an important starting point for Cultural Dialogue in the Islamic countries together. The fourth is that, there are expanding (space, population, political systems, organs and economic is different, that we will describe them in this essay.

  14. Educating Civil Engineers for Developing Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanley, D.

    1974-01-01

    Based on engineering teaching experience in Africa and Asia, ideas are presented on educating civil engineers for developing countries, especially those in Africa. Some of the problems facing educational planners, teachers, and students are addressed, including responsibilities of a newly graduated civil engineer, curriculum development, and…

  15. Nuclear civil liability international system. Evolution prospects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper sets out the necessity of a special system of international conventions in the scope of nuclear civil liability. Then the main principles of the conventions in Paris and Vienna are described. Recently, works have been carried out in order to improve and modernize the civil liability system. (TEC). 4 tabs

  16. Native Americans and the Civil War.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibson, Arrell Morgan

    1985-01-01

    Details combat and conflicts between Native Americans and settlers before, during, and following the Civil War. Shows how the involvement of tribes in the Civil War and Reconstruction diminished their martial power and made them certain marks for conquest and relegation to reservations. (JHZ)

  17. Civil Engineering: Improving the Quality of Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    One Feather, Sandra

    2002-01-01

    American Indian civil engineers describe the educational paths that led them to their engineering careers, applications of civil engineering in reservation communities, necessary job skills, opportunities afforded by internship programs, continuing education, and the importance of early preparation in math and science. Addresses of 12 resource Web…

  18. Searching for extra-terrestrial civilizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gindilis, L. M.

    1974-01-01

    The probability of radio interchange with extraterrestrial civilizations is discussed. Difficulties constitute absorption, scattering, and dispersion of signals by the rarified interstellar medium as well as the deciphering of received signals and convergence of semantic concept. A cybernetic approach considers searching for signals that develop from astroengineering activities of extraterrestrial civilizations.

  19. 42 CFR 59.209 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... issued by the Secretary of Health and Human Services with the approval of the President (45 CFR part 80). ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil rights. 59.209 Section 59.209 Public Health... Grants for Family Planning Service Training § 59.209 Civil rights. Attention is called to...

  20. 49 CFR 235.9 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil penalty. 235.9 Section 235.9 Transportation... SIGNAL SYSTEM OR RELIEF FROM THE REQUIREMENTS OF PART 236 § 235.9 Civil penalty. Any person (an entity of... violates any requirement of this part or causes the violation of any such requirement is subject to a...

  1. 7 CFR 3550.3 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... CFR part 1901, subpart E. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 3550.3 Section 3550.3 Agriculture... DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General § 3550.3 Civil rights. RHS will administer...

  2. 28 CFR 65.52 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR part 42, subparts C, D, E, and G. ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 65.52 Section 65.52... Additional Requirements § 65.52 Civil rights. The Act provides that “no person in any state shall on...

  3. 7 CFR 1735.15 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 1735.15 Section 1735.15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... Policies § 1735.15 Civil rights. Borrowers are required to comply with certain regulations...

  4. 76 FR 21223 - Civil War Sesquicentennial

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-15

    ... States of America the two hundred and thirty-fifth. (Presidential Sig.) [FR Doc. 2011-9368 Filed 4-14-11...#0;#0; ] Proclamation 8654 of April 12, 2011 Civil War Sesquicentennial By the President of the... in an attack on Fort Sumter. These were the first shots of a civil war that would stretch across...

  5. 7 CFR 1709.18 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... benefits and on equal employment opportunity including 7 CFR parts 15 and 15b; and 45 CFR part 90, as... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 1709.18 Section 1709.18 Agriculture... ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.18 Civil rights. This program will...

  6. 50 CFR 82.20 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... thereunder, 43 CFR part 17. ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil rights. 82.20 Section 82.20 Wildlife... (MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972) Administration § 82.20 Civil rights. Each cooperative...

  7. Promoting Civil Discourse in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birnie, Billie F.

    2016-01-01

    Teachers are responsible for what happens in their classrooms, and promoting civil discourse should be among their top priorities. Not only should they model civil speech and behavior, but they also should establish clear boundaries for students, create a climate that nourishes courteous exchange, and help students build vocabularies that enable…

  8. 30 CFR 880.16 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR part 17) and shall give assurances of compliance in such form as may be required by the Director. ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 880.16 Section 880.16 Mineral... LAND RECLAMATION MINE FIRE CONTROL § 880.16 Civil rights. State and local authorities shall comply...

  9. 46 CFR 80.40 - Civil penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil penalty. 80.40 Section 80.40 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) PASSENGER VESSELS DISCLOSURE OF SAFETY STANDARDS AND COUNTRY OF REGISTRY § 80.40 Civil penalty. For each violation of the regulations in this part, the owner,...

  10. 28 CFR 33.52 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the Department of Justice Non-Discrimination regulations 28 CFR part 42, subparts C, D, E, and G. ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 33.52 Section 33.52... Block Grants Additional Requirements § 33.52 Civil rights. The Justice Assistance Act provides that...

  11. 38 CFR 21.7310 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 21.7310... Bill-Active Duty) Administrative § 21.7310 Civil rights. (a) Delegation of authority concerning Federal... her jurisdiction. See part 18 of this chapter. These equal opportunity laws are: (1) Title VI,...

  12. 7 CFR 250.21 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Department's nondiscrimination regulations (7 CFR parts 15, 15a, and 15b) and the FNS civil rights... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 250.21 Section 250.21 Agriculture... TERRITORIES AND POSSESSIONS AND AREAS UNDER ITS JURISDICTION General Operating Provisions § 250.21...

  13. 32 CFR 310.47 - Civil remedies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil remedies. 310.47 Section 310.47 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) PRIVACY PROGRAM DOD PRIVACY PROGRAM Privacy Act Violations § 310.47 Civil remedies. In addition to specific...

  14. 10 CFR 1008.15 - Civil remedies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil remedies. 1008.15 Section 1008.15 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) RECORDS MAINTAINED ON INDIVIDUALS (PRIVACY ACT) Requests for Access or Amendment § 1008.15 Civil remedies. Subsection (g) of the Act provides that an individual may bring...

  15. 42 CFR 493.1846 - Civil action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil action. 493.1846 Section 493.1846 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Enforcement Procedures § 493.1846 Civil action. If...

  16. Civil Aviation and Facilities. Aerospace Education II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callaway, R. O.; Elmer, James D.

    This is a revised textbook for use in the Air Force ROTC training program. The main theme of the book is concerned with the kinds of civil aviation facilities and many intricacies involved in their use. The first chapter traces the development of civil aviation and the formation of organizations to control aviation systems. The second chapter…

  17. La política exterior de Canadá y la sociedad civil

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez, Martín Andrés

    2008-01-01

    En la ponencia se analizará la proyección de la politica exterior canadiense y la participación de la sociedad civil en su diseño. Se abordarán los temas de la cooperación internacional de Canada, la participación en Operaciones de Paz de Naciones Unidas, la disfusión de la democracia, su proyección hacia América Latina y la Argentina, y las IED canadienses. Una faceta importante en el análisis será la vincualción con los Estados Unidos y los cambios que se pueden dar en la politica exterior ...

  18. Argentina and Brazil: an evolving nuclear relationship

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Argentina and Brazil have Latin America's most advanced nuclear research and power programs. Both nations reject the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), and have not formally embraced the Tlatelolco Treaty creating a regional nuclear-weapon-free zone. Disturbing ambiguities persist regarding certain indigenous nuclear facilities and growing nuclear submarine and missile capabilities. For these, and other reasons, the two nations are widely considered potential nuclear weapon states. However both nations have been active supporters of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and have, in recent years, assumed a generally responsible position in regard to their own nuclear export activities (requiring IAEA safeguards). Most important, however, has been the advent of bilateral nuclear cooperation. This paper considers the evolving nuclear relationship in the context of recent and dramatic political change in Argentina and Brazil. It discusses current political and nuclear developments and the prospects for maintaining and expanding present bilateral cooperation into an effective non-proliferation arrangement. (author)

  19. Spent fuel management of NPPs in Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are two Nuclear Power Plants in operation in Argentina: 'Atucha I' (unique PHWR design) in operation since 1974, and 'Embalse' (typical Candu reactor) which started operation in 1984. Both NPPs are operated by 'Nucleoelectrica Argentina S.A' which is responsible for the management and interim storage of spent fuel till the end of the operative life of the plants. A third NPP, 'Atucha II' is under construction, with a similar design of Atucha I. The legislative framework establishes that after final shutdown of a NPP the spent fuel will be transferred to the 'National Atomic Energy Commission', which is also responsible for the decommissioning of the Plants. In Atucha I, the spent fuel is stored underwater, until another option is implemented meanwhile in Embalse the spent fuel is stored during six years in pools and then it is moved to a dry storage. A decision about the fuel cycle back-end strategy will be taken before year 2030. (authors)

  20. Measurements of atmospheric fallout in Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the purpose of studying the radioactive fallout present in Argentina from atmospheric nuclear explosions tests that have been conducted recently, an environmental monitoring program, outside the influence of nuclear facilities of Argentina, was undertaken during 1996 and 1997. The levels of Cs-137 and Sr-90 were analysed in samples of air, deposited material (rainwater), milk, an average meal of a standard man and food. During this period, a total of 630 radiochemical analysis were performed on 325 samples of the different matrices described. The concentration levels of the radionuclides analysed in the different environmental matrices are presented and are compared with the values obtained in the environmental monitoring program done during the period 1960-1981. (author)

  1. Presence of Pleurotus ostreatus in Patagonia, Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lechner, Bernardo Ernesto; Petersen, Ronald; Rajchenberg, Mario; Albertó, Edgardo

    2002-06-01

    Specimens belonging to the genus Pleurotus were collected growing on fallen trunks of Araucaria araucana, a native tree with a poorly known mycoflora, which grows in Patagonia, Argentina. Fruitbodies were produced in culture on sawdust from an isolated strain. Interspecific pairing tests performed between mating types of Pleurotus from Patagonia and tester strains of P. pulmonarius and P. ostreatus showed the Patagonia strain to be 100% compatible with P. ostreatus and incompatible with P. pulmonarius. Dikaryons obtained on sawdust were fertile, since they were able to produce fruitbodies and viable spores. This is the first documented record of P. ostreatus from Argentina and the first gilled fungus found growing on Araucaria araucana. PMID:12828514

  2. Memories of the armed struggle in Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Laura Margarita Pasquali

    2013-01-01

    This article presents and develops some of the edges on working of the guerrilla that emerge in the memories of the former militants of the armed organizations in Argentina. Beginig from this journey we will have access to the registration that one has presently on it, which will allows us to establish part of the subjective environment of the moment, the main characters consideration of the activism and their significance in the general context of the militancy.

  3. Radioactive waste packaging and transport in Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article is aimed at summarising the activities related to the transport of radioactive materials carried out in Argentina and, especially, with regard to the transport of radioactive wastes. In particular, the legislation applicable within the national territory is described. Additionally, figures are provided on the features and amounts of transported radioactive materials, including radioactive wastes, concerning both the nuclear fuel cycle and activities related to their industrial and medical applications. (Author)

  4. Aedes aegypti resistance to temephos in Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Seccacini, Emilia; Lucía Mulas, Alejandro; Eduardo N Zerba; Licastro, Susana; Masuh, Hector M.

    2008-01-01

    Monitoring of resistance of Aedes aegypti to temephos was implemented in the provinces of Formosa and Misiones, Argentina, as a response to the need to improve the vigilance for the dengue vector in areas of high risk of dengue. Eggs collected in each locality were reared, and susceptibility to temephos was assayed using larval bioassays. A weak decrease in susceptibility of larvae to temephos was observed in Clorinda and Puerto Iguazú, indicating an incipient resistance with a resistance rat...

  5. Tierra del Fuego, Argentina, South America

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    The Mitre Peninsula is the easternmost tip of Tierra del Fuego, Argentina, (54.5S, 65.5W). Early winter snow can be seen on this south tip of the Andes Mountains. These same mountains continue underwater to Antarctica. The Strait of Magellan, separating the South American mainland from Tierra del Fuego is off the scene to the north and west, but the Strait of LeMaire, separating Tierra del Fuego from the Isla de los Estados can be seen.

  6. Stronger Municipalities for Stronger Cities in Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Rémy Prud'homme; Hervé Huntzinger; Pierre Kopp

    2004-01-01

    In recent years a number of studies have been devoted to the twin issues of economic development and of decentralization in Argentina. Many papers have tried to understand the complex system of intergovernmental relations. Most of them, however, have focussed on the role of provinces, and neglected the problems raised by municipalities. This paper tries to bridge this gap, and to suggest that stronger municipalities could contribute to produce stronger cities that would in turn foster economi...

  7. Nuclear Power in Argentina and Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Clivia M. Sotornayor Torres; Wolfgang Rudig

    1983-01-01

    Clivia Sotomayor Torres and Wolfgang Rudig compare nuclear development in the two Latin American countries most likely to develop nuclear weapons: Argentina & Brazil. They pose three main questions.First, was nuclear energy necessary to meet energy needs? Here the answer is a clear no. Both countries have immense undeveloped hydropower resources and used inflated estimates offuture electricity demand in selecting the nuclear option.Second, does either country have the capability to develop nu...

  8. The "Private School Advantage" in Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Gustavo E. Fischman

    2001-01-01

    Local actors' perceptions of curricular and management changes in two private schools and one neighboring public secondary school in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, are analyzed. An exploration was conducted of how, within an ideologically and politically pro-reform context and a widespread acceptance of the "private school advantage," principals, teachers, and students in these schools evaluated the changes (or lack of them) in management, teaching, and curriculum orientations of the se...

  9. The "Private School Advantage" in Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo E. Fischman

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Local actors' perceptions of curricular and management changes in two private schools and one neighboring public secondary school in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, are analyzed. An exploration was conducted of how, within an ideologically and politically pro-reform context and a widespread acceptance of the "private school advantage," principals, teachers, and students in these schools evaluated the changes (or lack of them in management, teaching, and curriculum orientations of the secondary education sector.

  10. Informal Jobs and Trade Liberalisation in Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Montes-Rojas, G.; Acosta, P.

    2014-01-01

    Rapid trade liberalisation can exert profound effects on labour markets. Domestic firms, to sustain competitiveness for survival, could react through cutting labour benefits to achieve cost reductions. Alternatively, trade liberalisation may alter the industry composition of firms changing the aggregate formality rates. This paper studies the relationship between trade liberalisation and informality in Argentina. Using manufacturing industry-level data for 1992-2003, the results confirm the h...

  11. Argentina: Nuclear power development and Atucha 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 2014, nuclear energy generated about 5,257 GWh of electricity or a total share of 4.05 % of the total electrical energy of about 129,747.63 GWh kWh produced in Argentina and there has been a trend for this production to increase. Argentina currently has a nuclear production capacity of 1,010 megawatts of electrical energy. However, when the Atucha 2 nuclear power plant is completed and starts commercial operation, it will add 745 megawatts to this electrical production capacity. There are two sites with nuclear power plants in Argentina: Atucha and Embalse. The Embalse nuclear power plant went into operation in 1984. At the Atucha site, the Atucha-1 nuclear power plant started operation in 1974. It was the first nuclear power plant in Latin America. Construction of Atucha-2 started in 1981 but advanced slowly due to funding and was suspended in 1994 when the plant was 81 % built. In 2003, new plans were approved to complete the Atucha 2. I summer 2014 the plant went critical for the first time. The construction was completed under a contract with AECL.

  12. Licensing new uranium production projects in Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Due to the decision to complete construction and begin operation of the Atucha II Plant, Argentina's nuclear reactor fuel requirements will increase in the mid-term from 120 tU/year to 220 tU/year. Current market conditions justify reactivation of indigenous production of uranium concentrates that could progressively replace imports. Consequently, CNEA presented to the Mendoza Province and national (Nuclear Regulatory Authority) licensing authorities a proposal for reactivation of the San Rafael Mining-Milling Complex. The main step in the licensing process is the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). This includes both assessment of the engineering for remediation of waste generated during previous production activities, and of environmental management of future production activities. The EIA was carried out by the National Technological University. The Cerro Solo Project, Chubut Province, which is currently at the pre-feasibility stage, is being considered for initiation of the feasibility study and development-production stage. Under present market conditions, the estimated project production cost has become competitive, and the resources of the project could be sufficient to supply the long-term needs of Argentina's nuclear power plants. Taking into account the increasing interest in environmental issues, and stricter environmental regulations, the main challenges to re-activation of uranium production in Argentina are: improvement of interaction with local communities; training of skilled personnel in waste management; and developing cost estimates and plans for mine-mill closure. (author)

  13. Argentina: Nuclear power development and Atucha 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nogarin, Mauro

    2015-08-15

    In 2014, nuclear energy generated about 5,257 GWh of electricity or a total share of 4.05 % of the total electrical energy of about 129,747.63 GWh kWh produced in Argentina and there has been a trend for this production to increase. Argentina currently has a nuclear production capacity of 1,010 megawatts of electrical energy. However, when the Atucha 2 nuclear power plant is completed and starts commercial operation, it will add 745 megawatts to this electrical production capacity. There are two sites with nuclear power plants in Argentina: Atucha and Embalse. The Embalse nuclear power plant went into operation in 1984. At the Atucha site, the Atucha-1 nuclear power plant started operation in 1974. It was the first nuclear power plant in Latin America. Construction of Atucha-2 started in 1981 but advanced slowly due to funding and was suspended in 1994 when the plant was 81 % built. In 2003, new plans were approved to complete the Atucha 2. I summer 2014 the plant went critical for the first time. The construction was completed under a contract with AECL.

  14. Tropical Climate Dynamics and Civilizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haug, G. H.; Yancheva, G.; Peterson, L. C.

    2005-12-01

    Dr. James P. Kennett has been a leader in the area of rapid climate change. Jim and his son Douglas J. Kennett, a scientific archeologist, were among the first to make a serious effort to combine high-quality climate data with archeological information to study the impact of climate on societies. They argued about the 'strong relationship between climatically induced changes in environmental conditions and social, political, and economic responses' in coastal California during the past 2 millennia. One tropical climate archive with an appropriate memory for the most relevant sub-centennial to sub-decadal scale climate swings is the anoxic Cariaco Basin off northern Venezuela. Millimeter to micrometer-scale geochemical data in the laminated sediments of the Cariaco Basin have been interpreted to reflect variations in the hydrological cycle and the mean annual position of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) over tropical South America during the past millennia. These data with decadal to (sub)annual resolution show that the Terminal Collapse of the Classic Maya civilization occurred during an extended dry period. In detail, the Cariaco record reveals evidence for three separate droughts during the period of Maya downfall, each lasting a decade or less. These data suggest that climate change was potentially one immediate cause of the demise of Mayan civilization, with a century-scale decline in rainfall putting a general strain on resources and several multi-year events of more intense drought pushing Mayan society over the edge. Here, we present a new data set of comparable quality and resolution from Southern China. In the sediments of lake Huguang Maar in coastal southeast China, the titanium content and redox-sensitive magnetic properties record the strength of winter monsoon winds at subdecadal resolution over the last 16 thousand years. The record indicates a stronger winter monsoon prior to the Boelling-Alleroed warming, during the Younger Dryas, and

  15. Competencies Framework for Civil Engineer in Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phanudej Kudngaongarm

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The civil engineering industry now faces with many problems such as poorly planned projects, breach of the delivery date, erroneous budget estimation, uncontrolled system functionality changes, and inappropriate documentation that all lead to the dissatisfaction of clients. One of the main concerns of civil engineering industry is to develop the talent of its human resources, since the quality and innovation of its products and services depend to a great extent on the knowledge, the ability and the talent that civil engineers apply in the development process. A competency framework defines a set of knowledge, skills, and behaviors that professionals must have to excel in their careers. A competency framework facilitates the identification of training needs and guides the design of a professional development program. In this paper we propose a competency framework for civil engineers, whose design is based on the activities and interactions that they perform during the civil development process. Thus, competency framework for civil engineers defines a set of knowledge, abilities and key behaviors, with special emphasis in the soft skills. The organization that adopts this framework must define and integrate the specific competencies needed by for civil engineers to allow them to fulfill their goals.

  16. Politicization of Senior Civil Servants in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lea NAHTIGAL

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In the context of the civil service system reform, the new normative framework adopted in 2002 introduced a new management arrangement in public administration, whose consequence was the transition of senior positions within ministries, bodies within ministries, and government offices from political officials to positional civil servants with a limited term of office, who have thus become the most senior civil servants, called administrative managers. Based on extensive empirical research and statistical data, this article provides an in-depth analysis of the status and position of administrative managers, which is intended to serve as a test whether the apex of the Slovenian administrative system is politicized and in what form. In the so-called new democracies, politicization most often is manifested as a violation of the principles of political neutrality characteristic of a professional civil service, through personalized and biased appointments of senior civil servants and in the low degree of protection against lay-offs of civil servants on political grounds. Administrative managers thus often have to decide between political susceptibility and trustworthiness versus professionalism and professional accountability, for their tasks belong to the administrative and political realms. This poses a question about the degree of influence politicians exert on administrative managers and the rate of success with which administrative managers manage to retain their professionalism and independence, which should represent the key characteristics of a senior civil servant.

  17. Responsabilidade civil do ortodontista Civil responsibility of orthodontist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cathleen Kojo Rodrigues

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo da terapia ortodôntica é a correção de problemas dentários e esqueléticos, visando resultados estéticos e funcionais estáveis. Tais objetivos, naturalmente, aumentam a expectativa do paciente quanto aos resultados e geram dúvidas nos ortodontistas em diversas situações clínicas. Este trabalho teve como objetivo esclarecer as principais dúvidas dos ortodontistas quanto à sua responsabilidade pelos casos tratados, seus direitos e deveres na relação profissional/paciente e na prevenção de ações judiciais. A comunicação com o paciente e/ou responsável, com a descrição do plano, riscos, benefícios e custos do tratamento, bem como a elaboração, anuência e guarda da documentação ortodôntica, são fundamentais na prevenção de litígios judiciais. A conduta profissional deve ser embasada nos princípios da ética e da moral.The aim of orthodontic treatment is to correct dental and osseous disorders in order to get aesthetic and functional stable results. This aim, naturally, improves the patient’s expectatives over the results and produces misgiving in the orthodontists in different clinical situations. The aim of the present study was to clarify the principal doubts of the orthodontists’ responsibilities about the cases treated by them, their rights and obligations in the relationship of profissional/patient, and in prevention of the lawsuit. The patient and/or responsible communication, the description of plan, risks, benefits and custs of the treatment, as well the consent and guard of orthodontics documentation were fundamental to prevent lawsuit. The professional dealing shall be embased in the ethical and moral principles.

  18. Influenza virus surveillance in Argentina during the 2012 season: antigenic characterization, genetic analysis and antiviral susceptibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benedetti, E; Daniels, R S; Pontoriero, A; Russo, M; Avaro, M; Czech, A; Campos, A; Periolo, N; Gregory, V; McCauley, J W; Baumeister, E G

    2016-03-01

    The activity and circulation of influenza viruses in Argentina was studied during 2012 as part of the Argentinean Surveillance for Influenza and other Respiratory Viruses, in the context of Global Influenza Surveillance. The antigenicity and molecular characteristics of haemagglutinins (HA) of circulating influenza A and B viruses were analysed to assess the emergence of virus variants. Susceptibility to oseltamivir and zanamivir was evaluated by enzymatic assay and results were backed-up by sequencing of the neuraminidase (NA) genes. During the 2012 season, influenza virus circulation in Argentina was detected from weeks 24 to 51. The HA sequences of the studied A(H1N1)pdm09 subtype viruses segregated in a different genetic group compared to those identified during the 2009 pandemic, although they were still closely related antigenically to the vaccine virus A/California/07/2009. The HA sequences of the A(H3N2) viruses analysed fell into the A/Victoria/208/2009 clade, genetic group 3C. A mixed circulation of virus variants belonging to B/Victoria and B/Yamagata lineages was detected, with B/Victoria being dominant. All viruses tested were sensitive to oseltamivir and zanamivir except one. This isolate, an A(H1N1)pdm09 virus possessing the substitution NA-N295S, showed highly reduced inhibition by oseltamivir and reduced inhibition by zanamivir. Virological and epidemiological surveillance remains critical for detection of evolving influenza viruses. PMID:26345289

  19. Elemental characterization of air particulate matter in Buenos Aires, Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buenos Aires, the capital city of Argentina, is surrounded by 24 neighboring districts forming the so-called Buenos Aires metropolitan area (AMBA) that holds a population of 14 million people. In this work, the atmospheric aerosol of this metropolitan area was characterized through the determination of mass concentration, black carbon and elemental concentrations, on PM10 and PM2.5 samples taken using a 'Gent' sampler. The sampling site was located at an urban area characterized by fast and heavy traffic and samples were collected each third day, along 24 hours, between October 2005 and February 2006. A number of elements (As, Ba, Br, Ce, Co, Cr, Cs, Eu, Fe, Hf, La, Na, Rb, Sb, Sc, Se, Sm, Th, Yb and Zn) were determined by Neutron Activation Analysis and their results, as well as those of gravimetric mass concentrations, were compared with historical data. Enrichment factors were calculated for both fractions, using Sc as reference element and Mason's crustal concentration values, showing enrichment for As, Br, Sb, Se and Zn. Although the number of analyzed filters is still small, a preliminary factor analysis was run on both fraction results and different source profiles were found. The attribution of the sources to soil, high temperature processes including refuse incineration, fuel combustion and others, metal processes, traffic and other anthropogenic ones is discussed. (author)

  20. Fruit mineral contents of six wild species of the North Andean Patagonia, Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damascos, María A; Arribere, Maria; Svriz, Maya; Bran, Donaldo

    2008-10-01

    The fruit mineral contents (K, Ca, Ba, Br, Zn, Co, Cr, Fe, Na, Rb, Cs, and Sr) of four native and two exotic naturalized shrubs growing in different areas of the Andean Patagonian region of Argentina were investigated. Native species Berberis darwinii, Berberis microphylla (Berberidaceae), Aristotelia chilensis (Elaeocarpaceae) and Ribes magellanicum (Saxifragaceae) produce small berries while the fruits of the exotic species Rosa rubiginosa and Rosa canina (Rosaceae) are aggregates of aquenes. They are used to prepare jams, tea, liquors, and ice creams. Native shrub fruits had higher content of Br, Zn, Co, Cr, Fe, Mo, and Na than those of the exotic naturalized species. Rosa species showed the highest contents of Ca and Ba in their fruits (the mean content doubled those of the native plant fruits). The fruit nutrient content found in the studied species was similar or higher than other values reported for fruits of temperate and tropical species in the world. PMID:18512032

  1. Noviolencia, desobediencia civil y ejemplaridad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia María de Mingo Rodríguez

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo intenta mostrar la íntima conexión entre el espíritu que anima la noviolenciaen Mahatma Gandhi y la modalidad de práctica de dicha noviolencia que representala desobediencia civil. No sólo se aborda aquella noviolencia y esta desobediencia en susrasgos básicos, destacándose la perplejidad que suscita la noviolencia en su asimetría eirreprocidad (respecto al acto agresivo, sino que expresamente se intenta articularlasde cara a pensar la relevancia de ambos conceptos para una educación y filosofía para lapaz. Es por ello por lo que se hace imprescindible traer a primer plano la importanciadel compromiso, la responsabilidad y el sacrificio que comporta la noviolencia, a finde que se los pueda hacer trascender socialmente bajo la modalidad (decisiva en unacultura de paz de ejemplaridad y autoridad, muy relevantes para que la noviolenciagane prestigio social real (y no un prestigio utópico.

  2. INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION AN EMPIRICAL STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    Deepak S. Vede

    2015-01-01

    The excavations carried in Western India have brought to light the important civilization of the Indus Valley. This is the most important civilization of the prehistoric period. The sites of this civilization are Mohenjo-Daro, meaning the Mound at the Dead, on the Indus in Sind and the other Harappa on the Ravi in the Montqomery district of the Punjab. The surrounding region of Moh enjo-Daro is wonderfully fertile and is called even today Nakhlistan or the “Garden of Sind”. Here, the city ...

  3. Mechanics, Models and Methods in Civil Engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Maceri, Franco

    2012-01-01

    „Mechanics, Models and Methods in Civil Engineering” collects leading papers dealing with actual Civil Engineering problems. The approach is in the line of the Italian-French school and therefore deeply couples mechanics and mathematics creating new predictive theories, enhancing clarity in understanding, and improving effectiveness in applications. The authors of the contributions collected here belong to the Lagrange Laboratory, an European Research Network active since many years. This book will be of a major interest for the reader aware of modern Civil Engineering.

  4. Fuerzas Armadas y transición democrática. Argentina, 1983-1989

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Alberto Masi Rius

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo procura analizar el grado de influencia que las instituciones militares tuvieron en la apertura democrática argentina en 1983. Se analizará la modalidad en que las Fuerzas Armadas influyeron en los discursos en la campaña electoral, las medidas implementadas por la Administración Alfonsín en materia militar, los desequilibrios internos del Ejército Argentino, la disposición (o no de las Fuerzas de subordinarse al poder civil y el rol que las mismas desempeñaron en los levantamientos de 1987 y 1989, líneas que permitirán una adecuado análisis de los aciertos y fragilidades de las estrategias de gobierno en la esfera castrense.______________________ABSTRACT:The research has the purpose of analyzing the influence of the Army institutions during the return to the argentinian democratic system in 1983. It tries to study the way in which the Army influenced in the speeches of the electoral campaign, the political decisions put in practice by the Alfonsin Administration in military order, the Argentinian Forces imbalances, the disposition (or not of subordinating to the civil power and their role during the mutinies between 1987 and 1989, ideas that will allow an adequate analysis of the abilities and fragilities of the government strategies in the military sphere.

  5. Lyme Disease: antibodies against Borrelia burgdorferi in farm workers in Argentina Doença de Lyme: anticorpos anti Borrelia burgdorferi nos trabalhadores rurais da Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nestor Oscar Stanchi

    1993-08-01

    Full Text Available Lyme Disease is a tick-borne (specially by Ixodes ticks immune-mediated inflammatory disorder caused by a newly recognize spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi. Indirect fluorescent antibody (IF staining methods and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay are frequently relied upon to confirm Lyme borreliosis infections. Although serologic testing for antibodies has limitations, it is still the only practical means of confirming B. burgdorferi infections. Because we have no previous report of Lyme disease in human inhabitants in Argentina, a study was designed as a seroepidemiologic investigation of the immune response to B. burgdorferi in farm workers of Argentina with arthritis symptoms. Three out of 28 sera were positive (#1,5 and 9. Serum # 1 was positive for Immunoglobulin G at dilution 1:320, serum # 5 and # 9 both to dilution 1:160; while for Immunoglobulin M all (#1, 5 and 9 were positive at low dilution (1:40 using IF. The results showed that antibodies against B. burgdorferi are present in an Argentinian population. Thus caution should be exercised in the clinical interpretation of arthritis until the presence of B. burgdorferi be confirmed by culture in specific media.A doença de Lyme, é uma desordem inflamatória, intermediada pelo sistema imunogênico, transmitida por carrapatos (especialmente do Gênero Ixodes e causada por uma espiroqueta recentemente descoberta, a Borrelia burgdorferi. A técnica de Imunofluorescência Indireta (IF é com freqüência usada para confirmar o diagnóstico da infecção por este microrganismo. Embora os métodos práticos tenham limitações, é no entanto o único método prático para seu diagnóstico. Devido a não existência de registros prévios dessa doença na Argentina, foi realizada pesquisa seroepidemiológica para determinar a presença de imunoglobulinas nos trabalhadores rurais da Argentina, com sintomas de artrite. Sobre um total de 28 soros analisados, 3 resultaram positivos (o soro número 1

  6. “Estudios de género”: dos mujeres en pugna en la crítica literaria argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Croce

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: O presente trabalho estuda a carreira de Beatriz Sarlo e Josefina Ludmer, as duas mulheres mais representativas da crítica literária na Argentina das três últimas décadas do século XX. No caso de Sarlo, sua tarefa tem como foco o rastreamento de questões sociopolíticas nos textos, mudando de direção progressivamente para os estudos culturais nos anos 1990. Ludmer, ao contrário, começou com uma perspectiva estruturalista que se foi modificando embora sempre privilegiando os aspectos imanentes e as significações múltiplas dos textos. Ambas preferiram a crítica da literatura argentina, fornecendo um modelo de incorporações teóricas e perspectivas críticas, além de duas figuras contrapostas no que diz respeito à intervenção política da crítica.Palavras-chave: Beatriz Sarlo; Josefina Ludmer; crítica literária; Argentina.Resumen: El presente trabajo estudia la carrera de Beatriz Sarlo y Josefina Ludmer, las dos mujeres más representativas en la crítica literaria de la Argentina en las tres últimas décadas del siglo XX. En el caso de Sarlo, su tarea se enfoca en el rastreo de cuestiones sociales y políticas en los textos, para virar progresivamente a los estudios culturales en los años ’90. Ludmer, en cambio, comenzó con una perspectiva estructuralista que se fue ajustando aunque siempre privilegiando los aspectos inmanentes y las significaciones múltiples de los textos. Ambas han preferido la crítica de la literatura argentina y proveen un modelo de incorporaciones teóricas y perspectivas críticas, además de dos figuras contrapuesta en lo que atañe a la intervención política de la crítica. Palabras-clave: Beatriz Sarlo; Josefina Ludmer; crítica literaria; Argentina.Keywords: Beatriz Sarlo; Josefina Ludmer; literary criticism; Argentina.

  7. Mortality of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera, Plutellidae by parasitoids in the Province of Santa Fe, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Bertolaccini

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Mortality of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera, Plutellidae by parasitoids in the Province of Santa Fe, Argentina. Plutella xylostella (Linnaeus, 1758 (Lepidoptera, Plutellidae larvae cause severe economic damage on cabbage, Brassica oleracea L. variety capitata (Brassicaceae, in the horticultural fields in the Province of Santa Fe, Argentina. Overuse of broad spectrum insecticides affects the action of natural enemies of this insect on cabbage. The objectives of this work were to identify the parasitoids of P. xylostella and to determine their influence on larva and pupa mortality. Weekly collections of larvae and pupae were randomly conducted in cabbage crops during spring 2006 and 2007. The immature forms collected were classified according to their developmental stage: L1 and L2 (Ls = small larvae, L3 (Lm = medium larvae, L4 (Ll = large larvae, pre-pupae and pupae (P. Each individual was observed daily in the laboratory until the adult pest or parasitoid emergence. We identified parasitoids, the number of instar and the percentage of mortality of P. xylostella for each species of parasitoid. Parasitoids recorded were: Diadegma insulare (Cresson, 1875 (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Oomyzus sokolowskii (Kurdjumov, 1912 (Hymenoptera, Eulophidae, Cotesia plutellae (Kurdjumov, 1912 (Hymenoptera, Braconidae and an unidentified species of Chalcididae (Hymenoptera. Besides parasitoids, an unidentified entomopathogenic fungus was also recorded in 2006 and 2007. In 2006, the most successful parasitoids were D. insulare and O. sokolowskii, while in 2007 only D. insulare exerted a satisfactory control and it attacked the early instars of the pest.Mortalidade de Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera, Plutellidae por parasitóides na Província de Santa Fé, Argentina. Plutella xylostella (Linnaeus, 1758 (Lepidoptera, Plutellidae causa danos econômicos severos em repolho, Brassica oleracea variedade capitata L. (Brassicaceae, na área de horticultura localizada

  8. Intercultural Citizenship Education in an EFL Online Project in Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porto, Melina

    2014-01-01

    In this article, I describe an online intercultural citizenship experience in an English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classroom in Argentina. An action research project on the Malvinas/Falklands war fought between Argentina and the UK in 1982 was carried out in 2012. Through a comparative methodology involving Argentine and English foreign language…

  9. Prospect for Development of Open Access in Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miguel, Sandra; Bongiovani, Paola C.; Gomez, Nancy D.; Bueno-de-la-Fuente, Gema

    2013-01-01

    This perspective article presents an overview of the Open Access movement in Argentina, from a global and regional (Latin American) context. The article describes the evolution and current state of initiatives by examining two principal approaches to Open Access in Argentina: "golden" and "green roads". The article will then turn its attention to:…

  10. Overview of activities on CANDU fuel in Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper gives an outline of activities on CANDU fuel in Argentina. It discusses the nuclear activities and electricity production in Argentina, evolution of the activities in fuel engineering, fuel fabrication, fuel performance at Embalse nuclear power plant and spent fuel storage options.

  11. Laboratory Surveillance of Dengue in Argentina, 1995–2001

    OpenAIRE

    Avilés, Gabriela; Paz, Maria Valeria; Rangeon, Griselda; Ranaivoarisoa, Marie Y.; Verzeri, Nora; Roginski, Sandra; Baroni, Pablo; Enria, Delia

    2003-01-01

    Local transmission of dengue fever virus in Argentina is increased by the presence of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes and dengue outbreaks in neighboring countries. From 1995 to 2001, a laboratory-based active surveillance program detected 922 dengue cases. Indigenous transmission involving dengue-1 and -2 serotypes was confirmed only in subtropical areas in northern Argentina.

  12. Argentina Imp Anti-dumping Duties on Tires from China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On June 22, Argentina made the final anti-dumping adjudication once tires from China; on July 6, the Argentina authorities released the No. 221 resolution in 2011 issued by the Ministry of Industry: Impose 23% anti-dumping duties off estate car tires, 10% on the tires of machinery or vehicles used for agriculture and forestation,

  13. Civil Remedies Division Administrative Law Judge Decisions

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Decisions issued by Administrative Law Judges of the Departmental Appeals Board's Civil Remedies Division concerning fraud and abuse determinations by the Office of...

  14. Women and Western Civilization: Recommendations for Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tigges, Linda

    1978-01-01

    Presents the assumptions, generalizations, data, and methods central to the development of the History of Women (Women and Western Civilization) course at Des Moines Community College. Provides a course outline and a bibliography of primary and secondary sources. (TP)

  15. Women's History and the Western Civilization Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleinbaum, Abby Wettan

    1979-01-01

    Compares basic themes in women's history and the Western civilization survey course and concludes that women's studies do not assimilate comfortably because women are not a part of the heroic epics upon which European history is based. (CK)

  16. Civil Disobedience at the Mormon Temple.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kocol, Cleo Fellers

    1981-01-01

    This article chronicles events surrounding the pro-ERA/anti-Mormon civil involvement demonstration by 21 feminists in Bellevue, Washington, on the occasion of the dedication of the Bellevue Mormon Temple. (DB)

  17. Nanotechnology in civil infrastructure a paradigm shift

    CERN Document Server

    Gopalakrishnan, Kasthurirangan; Taylor, Peter; Attoh-Okine, Nii O

    2011-01-01

    Nanotechnology's rapid evolution is facilitating ever more previously unexplored areas of application. This book focuses on the latest advances in the development and characterization of nanotechnology-based civil engineering materials, structures and systems.

  18. A Universal Model of Global Civil Unrest

    CERN Document Server

    Braha, Dan

    2012-01-01

    Civil unrest is a powerful form of collective human dynamics, which has led to major transitions of societies in modern history. The study of collective human dynamics, including collective aggression, has been the focus of much discussion in the context of modeling and identification of universal patterns of behavior. In contrast, the possibility that civil unrest activities, across countries and over long time periods, are governed by universal mechanisms has not been explored. Here, we analyze records of civil unrest of 170 countries during the period 1919-2008. We demonstrate that the distributions of the number of unrest events per year are robustly reproduced by a nonlinear, spatially extended dynamical model, which reflects the spread of civil disorder between geographic regions connected through social and communication networks. The results also expose the similarity between global social instability and the dynamics of natural hazards and epidemics.

  19. On the detectivity of advanced galactic civilizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagan, C.

    1973-01-01

    Even with slow rates of technological advance, extraterrestrial civilizations substantially in our future will have technologies and laws of nature currently inaccessible to us, and will probably have minimal interest in communicating with us. If this communication horizon is about 1000 years in our future, other crude estimates previously published imply that only about .0001 of the technical civilizations in the Galaxy are accessible to us. The mean distance to the nearest such society is then about 10,000 light years. Radio detection of extraterrestrial intelligence seems to imply either (1) much larger telescopes or antenna arrays for the detection of civilizations within our Galaxy than now exist; or (2) attention to the nearer extragalactic systems, with smaller radio telescopes, to detect the very small fraction of very advanced societies which may choose to make their presence known to emerging civilizations via antique communication modes.

  20. Cadenas productivas y disponibilidad de alimentos en Argentina Productive chains and food availability in Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malena Giai

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available En abril de 2009 se conformó en la Asociación Argentina de Dietistas y Nutricionistas Dietistas el Grupo de Estudio sobre Soberanía Alimentaria, constituido por un grupo de Licenciados en Nutrición con interés en el tema. Como primer objetivo, el Grupo se propuso estudiar tres temas: "el Derecho a la Alimentación", "la Producción y Disponibilidad de alimentos en Argentina" y "la Canasta Básica de Alimentos". En el presente artículo se expone un resumen de los avances en el segundo tema mencionado.In April 2009, was formed in the Argentina Association of Dieticians and Nutritionists Dietitians the Study Group on Food Sovereignty, established by a group of graduates in nutrition with interest in the subject. As a first objective, the Group was to examine three issues: "The Right to Food", "Production and Availability of food in Argentina" and "Basic Food Basket." This article is a summary of progress on the second topic mentioned.

  1. The Power of Absence: An Ethnography of Justice, Memories of Genocide, and Political Activism of a New Generation in Post-Transitional Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Seidel, Katja

    2014-01-01

    For 30 years human rights groups have struggled for justice in Argentina. ‘We are born in their struggle and they live in ours’, thus goes the mantra of the second generation activists. In 1995, hijos, the children of the disappeared, murdered, unlawfully imprisoned and exiled victims of the 1976-83 civil-military dictatorship, decided to participate and created the association H.I.J.O.S. (Children for Identity and Justice, against Oblivion and Silence). Coming to the field in ...

  2. POLÃTICAS NEOLIBERAIS E GOVERNABILIDADE: COMPARAÃÃO ENTRE A CRISE POLÃTICO-ECONÃMICA DA ARGENTINA E DO BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Matias Pereira

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Propõe-se neste artigo analisar os efeitos das políticas de ajuste estrutural e de estabilização recomendadas pelo FMI para os países da América Latina, enfocando os casos da Argentina e do Brasil. Partiu-se do pressuposto de que essas políticas aprofundaram os problemas socioeconômicos e contribuíram para aumentar a instabilidade política nesses países. Assim, buscou-se avaliar a relação entre as políticas de austeridade e a governabilidade na Argentina e no Brasil, tomando como base a análise das três variáveis clássicas de desempenho econômico: crescimento, desemprego e inflação. Em níveis distintos, a crise está submetendo as instituições argentinas e brasileiras a um processo de enfraquecimento acelerado e levando ao descrédito os seus dirigentes políticos. Esse fenômeno está provocando efeitos negativos na eficácia e na legitimidade dos sistemas políticos da Argentina e do Brasil. Buscou-se evidenciar que a governabilidade se encontra fortemente ameaçada na Argentina e moderadamente no Brasil. Ao final, concluímos que o desfecho drástico da crise argentina e o aumento da vulnerabilidade da economia brasileira representam a confirmação do fracasso das políticas de corte neoliberal na América Latina, que não se mostraram capazes de gerar um modelo consistente de desenvolvimento sustentável nos países da região.

  3. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalina Mititelu

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available According to the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights adopted by the United Nations, in 1966, the human being who enjoy his civil and political rights, enjoy in fact that “humanitas dignitas” (human dignity, since these rights derive from this. That is why this Covenant stipulated that the States parties are obligated to assure both the recognitions of these rights and their exercise and juridical protection.

  4. Competencies Framework for Civil Engineer in Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Phanudej Kudngaongarm; Chuchai Sujivorakul

    2012-01-01

    The civil engineering industry now faces with many problems such as poorly planned projects, breach of the delivery date, erroneous budget estimation, uncontrolled system functionality changes, and inappropriate documentation that all lead to the dissatisfaction of clients. One of the main concerns of civil engineering industry is to develop the talent of its human resources, since the quality and innovation of its products and services depend to a great extent on the knowledge, the ability a...

  5. Ecological Engineering and Civil Engineering works

    OpenAIRE

    Van Bohemen, H.D.

    2004-01-01

    This thesis provides a survey of the research results of the relationship between on the one hand the construction, management and maintenance of civil engineering works, and on the other hand the environment, nature and landscape, with the main focus on motorways and coastal protection. The growing number and increase in size of civil engineering works and the growing need for protection measures of the sandy coasts have led to an ever increasing risk of adverse effects on the nature and lan...

  6. Monitoring civil infrastructure using satellite radar interferometry

    OpenAIRE

    Chang, L.

    2015-01-01

    Satellite radar interferometry (InSAR) is a precise and efficient technique to monitor deformation on Earth with millimeter precision. Most InSAR applications focus on geophysical phenomena, such as earthquakes, volcanoes, or subsidence. Monitoring civil infrastructure with InSAR is relatively new, with potential for operational applications, but currently not exploited to full advantage. Here we investigate how to optimally assess and monitor the structural health of civil infrastructure usi...

  7. Active interaction control for civil structures

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Luo-Jia

    1997-01-01

    This thesis presents a civil engineering approach to active control for civil structures. The proposed control technique, termed Active Interaction Control (AIC), utilizes dynamic interactions between different structures, or components of the same structure, to reduce the resonance response of the controlled or primary structure under earthquake excitations. The primary control objective of AIC is to minimize the maximum story drift of the primary structure. This is accomplished by timing th...

  8. The search for signals from extraterrestrial civilizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, J. C. G.

    1973-01-01

    The probability that a star has a habitable planet with a communicative civilization is investigated. One approach to the search problem is to assume that the other civilization will do most of the work, which implies that the search is limited to 'supercivilizations' able to transmit detectable signals in all directions all the time. The development of an optimal search strategy is discussed together with questions of the probability of success.

  9. 34 CFR 85.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act of 1988 (31 U.S.C. 3801-3812). Authority: E.O. 12549 (3 CFR, 1986 Comp., p. 189); E.O 12689 (3 CFR, 1989 Comp., p. 235); 20 U.S.C. 1082, 1094, 1221e-3 and 3474; and Sec... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil judgment. 85.920 Section 85.920 Education...

  10. La desobediencia civil como recurso de la sociedad civil para el alcance de la justicia

    OpenAIRE

    Dora Elvira García GONZÁLEZ

    2006-01-01

    En este escrito se presenta la propuesta de Rawls en torno a la posible desobediencia civil ante una autoridad democrática legítimamente establecida. La desobediencia civil rawlsiana muestra pretensiones antiautoritarias en función del mantenimiento de un orden justo, y cuyo gestor se ubica en la sociedad civil. Ahí se comparten valores tales como la justicia, la diversidad, el respeto mutuo, el sentido de dignidad y el respeto a la libertad. La sociedad civil está conformada por elementos ta...

  11. Judicial civil procedure dragging out in Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rrustem Qehaja

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article tends to deal with one of the most worrying issues in the judicial system of Kosovo the problem of judicial civil procedure dragging out. The article analyses the reasons of these dragging outs of the judicial civil procedure focusing on the context of one of the basic procedural principles in civil procedure-the principle of economy or efficiency in the courts. Dragging out of civil procedure in Kosovo has put in question not only the basic principles of civil procedure, but it also challenges the general principles related to human rights and freedoms sanctioned not only by the highest legal act of the country, but also with international treaties. The article tends to give a reflection to the most important reasons that effect and influence in these dragging outs of civil procedure, as well as, at the same time aims to give the necessary alternatives to pass through them by identifying dilemmas within the judicial practice. As a result, the motives of this scientific paper are exactly focused at the same time on identifying the dilemmas, as well as presenting ideas, to overstep them, including the judicial practice of the European Court of Human Rights on Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights, by which it is given the possibility to offering people efficient and within a reasonable time legal protection of their rights before national courts. For these reasons, the paper elaborates this issue based on both, the legal theory and judicial practice.

  12. Galactic civilizations - Population dynamics and interstellar diffusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, W. I.; Sagan, C.

    1981-01-01

    A model is developed of the interstellar diffusion of galactic civilizations which takes into account the population dynamics of such civilizations. The problem is formulated in terms of potential theory, with a family of nonlinear partial differential and difference equations specifying population growth and diffusion for an organism with advantageous genes that undergoes random dispersal while increasing in population locally, and a population at zero population growth. In the case of nonlinear diffusion with growth and saturation, it is found that the colonization wavefront from the nearest independently arisen galactic civilization can have reached the earth only if its lifetime exceeds 2.6 million years, or 20 million years if discretization can be neglected. For zero population growth, the corresponding lifetime is 13 billion years. It is concluded that the earth is uncolonized not because interstellar spacefaring civilizations are rare, but because there are too many worlds to be colonized in the plausible colonization lifetime of nearby civilizations, and that there exist no very old galactic civilizations with a consistent policy of the conquest of inhabited worlds.

  13. A DESOBEDIÊNCIA CIVIL NO PENSAMENTO POLÍTICO DE HANNAH ARENDT: UM DIREITO FUNDAMENTAL

    OpenAIRE

    Juliana Brina Corrêa Lima de Carvalho, UFMG, Brasil

    2012-01-01

    Resumo: O presente artigo pretende delinear uma abordagem jurídico-teórica para o fenômeno da desobediência civil, com fundamento no referencial teórico fornecido pelo pensamento político de Hannah Arendt. Na análise de tal objeto, o trabalho obedeceu ao processo de estudo monográfico e trabalhou com dados secundários, consubstanciados na bibliografia nacional e estrangeira, por meio de investigação de tipo teórico e comparativo. Inicialmente, serão articuladas as abordagens de Arendt acerca ...

  14. 29 CFR 530.302 - Amounts of civil money penalties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Amounts of civil money penalties. 530.302 Section 530.302... EMPLOYMENT OF HOMEWORKERS IN CERTAIN INDUSTRIES Civil Money Penalties § 530.302 Amounts of civil money penalties. (a) A civil money penalty, not to exceed $500 per affected homeworker for any one violation,...

  15. 49 CFR 1503.703 - Civil penalty letter; referral.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... civil penalty action and that the matter is closed. (e) Referral for prosecution and collection. If the... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil penalty letter; referral. 1503.703 Section... AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES Judicial Assessment of Civil Penalties § 1503.703 Civil penalty...

  16. 33 CFR 1.07-95 - Civil and criminal penalties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... GENERAL GENERAL PROVISIONS Enforcement; Civil and Criminal Penalty Proceedings § 1.07-95 Civil and criminal penalties. (a) If a violation of law or regulation carries both a civil and a criminal penalty... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil and criminal penalties....

  17. Civil Technology Applications. Teacher Edition [and] Student Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schertz, Karen

    Teacher and student editions of Civil Technology Applications are one in a series of competency-based instructional materials for drafting and civil technology programs. It includes the technical content and tasks necessary for a student to be employed as a drafter or civil technician in a civil engineering firm. Introductory pages in the teacher…

  18. 32 CFR 935.21 - Civil rights, powers, and duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights, powers, and duties. 935.21 Section... INSULAR REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Civil Law § 935.21 Civil rights, powers, and duties. In any case in which the civil rights, powers, and duties of any person on Wake Island are not otherwise prescribed...

  19. 14 CFR 375.11 - Other foreign civil aircraft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Other foreign civil aircraft. 375.11... PROCEEDINGS) SPECIAL REGULATIONS NAVIGATION OF FOREIGN CIVIL AIRCRAFT WITHIN THE UNITED STATES Authorization § 375.11 Other foreign civil aircraft. A foreign civil aircraft other than those referred to in §...

  20. The Comparative Approach to the Survey of Western Civilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkler, Fred H.

    1972-01-01

    Through the comparative approach to teaching Western Civilization, the student is confronted by a discussion of some aspect of several civilizations or countries within the same time period instead of a civilization-by-civilization or a country-by-country analysis. (Author/JB)

  1. 32 CFR 855.13 - Civil fly-ins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil fly-ins. 855.13 Section 855.13 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE AIRCRAFT CIVIL AIRCRAFT USE OF UNITED STATES AIR FORCE AIRFIELDS Civil Aircraft Landing Permits § 855.13 Civil fly-ins. (a)...

  2. 47 CFR 90.411 - Civil defense communications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil defense communications. 90.411 Section 90... PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES Operating Requirements § 90.411 Civil defense communications. The... necessary for the implementation of civil defense activities assigned such station by local civil...

  3. 25 CFR 11.501 - Judgments in civil actions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Judgments in civil actions. 11.501 Section 11.501 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW AND ORDER COURTS OF INDIAN OFFENSES AND LAW AND ORDER CODE Civil Actions § 11.501 Judgments in civil actions. (a) In all civil cases, judgment...

  4. 78 FR 5760 - Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-28

    ... Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers 33 CFR Part 326 RIN 0710-AA66 Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation... Engineers (Corps) is proposing to amend its regulations to adjust its Class I civil penalties under the... civil penalties to account for inflation is required by the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation...

  5. 41 CFR 105-68.920 - Civil judgment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil judgment. 105-68... Administration 68-GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 105-68.920 Civil judgment. Civil judgment means the disposition of a civil action by any court of competent...

  6. 49 CFR 599.514 - Assessment of civil penalties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Assessment of civil penalties. 599.514 Section 599... ASSISTANCE TO RECYCLE AND SAVE ACT PROGRAM Enforcement § 599.514 Assessment of civil penalties. (a) Not later... Hearing Officer's assessment of a civil penalty, or decision not to assess a civil penalty. In...

  7. Tobacco industry targeting youth in Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, S; Mejia, R; Ling, P M; Pérez-Stable, E J

    2013-01-01

    Background/aim Argentina has one of the highest cigarette smoking rates among both men and women in the Americas and no legislated restrictions on tobacco industry advertising. The tobacco industry has traditionally expanded markets by targeting adolescents and young adults. The objective of this study was to determine whether and how the tobacco industry promotes cigarettes to adolescents in Argentina. Methods We conducted a systematic search of tobacco industry documents available through the internet dated between 1995 and 2004 using standard search terms to identify marketing strategies in Argentina. A selected review of the four leading newspapers and nine magazines with reported high readership among adolescents was completed. The selected print media were searched for tobacco images and these were classified as advertisements if associated with a commercial product or as a story if not. Results The tobacco industry used market segmentation as a strategy to target Argentinean consumers. British American Tobacco (BAT) undertook a young adult psychographic study and classified them as “progressives”, “Jurassics” or “conservatives” and “crudos” or “spoiled brats”. BAT marketed Lucky Strike to the “progressives” using Hollywood movies as a vehicle. The tobacco industry also targeted their national brands to the conservatives and linked these brands with “nationalistic values” in advertising campaigns. Philip Morris promoted Marlboro by sponsoring activities directed at young people and they launched the 10 cigarettes packet as a starter vehicle. Conclusions The tobacco industry used psychographic segmentation of the population and developed advertising strategies focused on youth. Tobacco control researchers and advocates must be able to address these strategies in counter-marketing interventions. PMID:18299308

  8. JOURNALISM STUDIES IN ARGENTINA: BACKGROUND AND QUESTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Amado

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article summarizes the background of empirical journalism studies in Argentina.  In recent publications, researchers have consistently underscored the lack of data on the profession and the scarce development of theoretical frameworks related to journalism studies.  The local investigations have prioritized approaches and methods that do not give the whole picture of the population of journalists. Most of the research tends to equate media analysis and media messages with journalism study and keeps on failing to provide data that allows for learning about the working conditions and the professional profile of the Argentinean journalists.

  9. Las ciencias del mar en la Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Ogden, J.C.; Podestá, G.; Zingone, A.; Wiebe, W. J.; Myers, R.A.

    2003-01-01

    La situación de las ciencias del mar en la Argentina se puede caracterizar como una de ‘excelencia en aislamiento’. El tema dominante de las discusiones mantenidas por el comité que preparó este informe fue la virtual inexistencia de coordinación entre programas de investigación, equipo para realizar tareas de campo y personal científico y de apoyo en las instituciones. La coordinación que existe ocurre gracias a enormes esfuerzos individuales y a relaciones personales. Si bien en muchos luga...

  10. Una nueva saponina de Ilex argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Schenkel, Eloir Paulo; Athayde, Margareth L.; Gustavo C. Giberti; Guillaume, Dominique

    1995-01-01

    Ilex argentina Lillo es una de las especies que ha sido mencionada como substituto de la yerba mate verdadera (Ilex yaraguariensis St. Hil.). La principal saponina de las hojas fue aislada y su estructura química elucidada a través de métodos espectroscópicos como el éster 28-β-D-glucopiranósido del ácido 3-O-α-L-arabinopiranosil-20(S)-19α, 24-dihidroxiursólico.

  11. Civil Rights for Trafficked Persons: Recommendations for a More Effective Federal Civil Remedy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shannon Lack

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available In response to increasing public awareness of human trafficking in the United States, the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act (TVPA was signed into law by President Bill Clinton in October of 2000. The TVPA consolidated existing legislation to create a comprehensive civil remedy; this ensures that trafficking victims are no longer forced to seek redress under multiple criminal and civil statutes that target only components of the human trafficking offense. However, despite its status as the first comprehensive anti-trafficking legislation to be enacted in the United States, the TVPA fails to sufficiently address human trafficking concerns. It is suggested that the failure of the TVPA is a result of both the prosecutorial focus of the legislation, a focus which tends to overlook victims’ civil rights, and the contingency of TVPA benefits upon adherence to the prosecutorial process. In response to the shortcomings of the TVPA, the legislation was amended by the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2003 (TVPRA to provide a civil remedy for trafficking victims. The civil remedy confers on trafficking victims the private right to vindicate their civil rights and hold their traffickers directly accountable for their exploitative acts. By directly compensating victims, the civil remedy acts as a financial deterrent against traffickers and provides a private enforcement anti-trafficking policy. In pursuing the civil remedy, trafficking victims possess several advantages over the prosecutorial process of the TVPA and other civil causes of action. However, despite its advantages, the civil remedy is infrequently utilized thus frustrating congressional intent that victims advance antitrafficking policy by enforcing a civil remedy against their traffickers.

  12. Notas para pensar la infancia en la Argentina (1983-2001): figuras de la historia reciente Notes to reflect upon childhood in argentina (1983-2001): characters of a recent history

    OpenAIRE

    Sandra Carli

    2010-01-01

    O artigo analisa, numa perspectiva historiográfica, o impacto da história recente argentina na vivência da infância de crianças de diferentes extratos sociais.Tendo como recorte o fim do regime militar, na década de 80, busca-se apreender como o processo de globalização, entendido como fenômeno não apenas econômico, mas sócio-cultural teve efeito na transformação da experiência infantil. Por um lado, a globalização provocou a intensificação de uma cultura de consumo que tomou a criança como o...

  13. Amendment works of the Korean civil code (Property Law)

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Sang Yong

    2001-01-01

    "The Korean Civil Code is currently in the process of amendment. The government expects to submit a proposal for amending the Civil Code to this year's regular session of the National Assembly. However, considering the extent to which the works for amending the Civil Code being in process by the Civil Code amendment committee have thus far advanced, submission of the proposal for Civil Code amendment within this year’s regular session of the National Assembly can be considered ...

  14. Class conflict and civil war duration the FARC insurgency

    OpenAIRE

    Akar, Mine

    2013-01-01

    This study explores the effects of class conflicts on civil war duration. Colombian civil war, the FARC insurgency, is examined from a class-based perspective. I argue that class-based civil wars last longer than non-class based civil wars such as identity conflicts because class conflicts have deeper roots embedded in the social, political, and economic aspects of the society. Through the examination of existing theories in the civil war duration literature, I propose four arguments in the c...

  15. ON THE PROSPECTS FOR SHAPING A CIVIL NATION IN DAGHESTAN

    OpenAIRE

    Bilalov, Mustafa

    2012-01-01

    Russia's integrity depends on ensuring civil identity as a priority factor in the development of society and the individual. Civil identity is fully realized in a civil nation that gradually takes shape within a particular society. The crisis of multiculturalism in the West triggered by the crisis of the European civilization and culture calls for a revision of certain ideas and theories associated with civil identity. The question is whether the national regions of Russia (including Daghesta...

  16. Lao PDR - Civil Service Pay and Compensation Review : Attracting and Motivating Civil Servants

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2010-01-01

    Lao PDR is at a point on its development trajectory where strategic attention to administrative performance is crucial. An efficient and high-performing civil service, with the compensation and human resource management systems to attract and motivate qualified personnel, will be essential to Lao PDR's development efforts. The ministerial-level Public Administration and Civil Service Autho...

  17. Air pollution biomonitoring in Argentina, application of neutron activation analysis to the study of biomonitors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Due to low population density, total air pollutant emissions in Argentina are still low if compared with highly industrialised countries. Although a significant deterioration of air quality has been observed for a long time, air monitoring did not begin until the 90's and only in a few cities. The use of air pollution biomonitors represents an important contribution to Argentina, as measurements of air pollutants in large areas would require especial technical equipment not easily available and operated. In this project, two lichen species (Ramalina ecklonii (Spreng) Mey and Flot and Usnea amblyoclada (Muell. Rg.) Zahlbr.) and a Bromeliaceae (Tillandsia capillaris) are used as biomonitors of air pollution at a 50, 000 km2 area in Cordoba province (central Argentina). AAS and INAA have been applied for the analysis of samples, determining As, Ba, Br, Ce, Co, Cr, Cs, Cu, Eu, Fe, Hf, Gd, K, La, Lu, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb, Rb, Sb, Sc, Sm, Ta, Tb, Th, U, Yb and Zn. The following physiological parameters were also determined: chlorophyll a, chloropyll b, phaeophytin a, phaeophytin b, hydroperoxy conjugated dienes, malonaldehide and sulphur. Some of these parameters were used for calculating a pollution index. These determinations were carried out on pools collected at the sampling sites. AAS and physiological parameters were also applied to the analysis of five-replicate samples in order to study variability sources. For data evaluation, different statistical and other evaluating tools were used: descriptive statistics and Spearman's correlation analysis were used on data from the three biomonitor species while factor analysis and mapping, only for R. ecklonii results. (author)

  18. Municipal waste management and groundwater contamination processes in Córdoba Province, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Emilio Martínez

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In Coronel Moldes, Argentina, waste management practices consist in municipal waste being tipped directly onto an area of sand dunes at the municipal waste disposal site (MWDS. Moreover, untreated liquid waste from septic tanks and latrines from urban areas are discharged in the same place. This co-disposal waste management is very common in many regions of Argentina and its impact on the groundwater of Coronel Moldes has not been evaluated. The study area is located in the vicinity of a MWDS in a flatlands environment that is typical of Argentina. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the impacts on groundwater quality of current waste management practices in order to consider the requirement for new guidelines for sustainable groundwater management. Three groundwater monitoring wells were installed up-, across- and down-gradient of the MWDS. The principal aquifer is formed by sandy silt sediments (loess. Groundwater levels in the area of the MWDS are between 5.6 m and 7.8 m. The Vulnerability index indicates that groundwater in this area has a high vulnerability. Groundwater in the vicinity of the MWDS shows elevated electrical conductivity, high concentrations of Cl-, Na+, and HCO3- ions, COD, BOD5 and aerobic bacteria and less dissolved oxygen than the background values indicating the presence of organic matter. Municipal waste management represents a significant omission in current groundwater protection policy at Coronel Moldes. Strict supervision of solid and liquid municipal waste disposal needs to be instigated in order to ensure that the groundwater remains free of contamination and to allow a sustainable environmental management.

  19. Central Argentina de Elementos Modulares (CAREM)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CAREM (Central ARgentina de Elementos Modulares) is an Argentine project to develop, design and construct an innovative, simple and small nuclear power plant (NPP). This plant has an indirect cycle reactor with distinctive and characteristic features that greatly simplify the design and contribute to a high safety level. Some of the high-level design characteristics of the plant are: an integrated primary cooling system; self-pressurized primary system and safety systems relying on passive features. CAREM is a CNEA (Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica) project, which has been jointly developed with INVAP, an Argentine company. The CAREM concept was first presented in March 1984, in Lima, Peru, during the IAEA's conference on small and medium sized reactors. Chronologically CAREM was one of the first of the present new generation of reactor designs. The first step of this project is the construction of the prototype of about 27 MW(e) (CAREM-25). This project allows Argentina to sustain activities in nuclear power plant design, assuring the availability of updated technology in the mid-term. The design basis is supported by the cumulative experience acquired in research reactor design, construction and operation and pressurized heavy water reactor (PHWR) operation, as well as development of advanced design solutions. The Generation IV International Forum (GIF) recognized CAREM as an international near term deployment (INTD) reactor

  20. Validation of the PASAT in Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanotti, Sandra; Eizaguirre, Maria Barbara; Cores, Evangelina Valeria; Yastremis, Cecilia; Garcea, Orlando; Salgado, Pablo; Cáceres, Fernando

    2016-01-01

    The Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT) is one of the most used neuropsychological tests to assess information processing speed and working memory in brain injured patients. This study was carried out with the purpose of obtaining normative data for the PASAT-3″ in a healthy Argentinean population, which would result in a reference control population. The PASAT-3″ was administered in a sample of 296 healthy voluntary subjects, born and living in Argentina. The age range went from 20 to 70 years-old. The level of education was 0 to 13 or more years of schooling. The sample obtained a mean of 44.60 (SD = 10.72) in the PASAT-3″. It was found that the score obtained in the PASAT-3″ was related to the age and the level of instruction of the participants. Their performance diminished as age increased and, conversely, it increased as the level of instruction was higher. Normative data was obtained for a Latin American population from Argentina. Percentile distributions obtained by decades of age and different levels of education should be considered as useful reference values for clinicians and investigators when applying the PASAT-3″ to assess cognitive function in different pathologies. PMID:26980661