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Sample records for civil construction industry

  1. IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY INNOVATIVE OF THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION BASED ON INFORMATION MODELING OF INDUSTRIAL AND CIVIL OBJECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Валерий Владимирович Трофимов

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the implementation of the Russian construction industry innovative development strategies based on information modeling of industrial and civil objects with the use of information technology. The use of such technologies as the BIM: Building Information modeling - BIM, 4D modeling, Multi-D modeling, Product LiveCycle Management - PLM, allows to activate innovative processes and supports the basic condition for the realization of innovative strategy of development of the construction industry of the Russian Federation.

  2. Proposal for the award of an industrial services contract for civil engineering superstructure and internal construction building work

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    This document concerns the award of an Industrial Services contract for civil engineering superstructure and internal construction building work. Following a market survey carried out among 112 firms in fifteen Member States, a call for tenders (IT-2546/ST/Rev.) was sent on 12 April 2001 to eleven consortia, four consisting of four firms, three consisting of three firms and four consisting of two firms, in seven Member States. By the closing date, CERN had received tenders from eight consortia in six Member States. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the consortium SPIE CITRA SUD-EST(FR)-ANTIRUST TECHNOLOGY (GR), the lowest bidder, for an initial period of three years from 1 January 2002 for an amount not exceeding 15 375 000 Swiss francs, not subject to revision. The contract will include options for two one-year extensions beyond the initial three-year period. The consortium has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this ...

  3. Study of reuse drill cuttings as aggregate in the civil construction industry; Estudo para reaproveitamento do cascalho de perfuracao como agregado na industria da construcao civil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neder, L.T.C. [PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Exploracao e Producao. Seguranca, Meio Ambiente e Saude; Santos, E.; Bezerra, M.T.A.; Farias, J.G.; Felizardo, A.; Santos, A.S.; Ribeiro, J.C. [PETROBRAS, Natal/Fortaleza, RN/CE (Brazil). Unidade de Negocio; Curti, R.; Suto, A.J. [Associacao Brasileira de Cimento Portland, Jaguare, SP (Brazil)

    2004-07-01

    This study was conducted to verify technical feasibility in reusing drill cuttings originated in oil and gas exploration and production to produce concrete or mortar elements. It consisted of physical and chemical characterization of all items used to build field-cured cement samples - drill cuttings, cement and used aggregates; evaluation of resistance; environmental behavior and classification of the resultant materials. The results had demonstrated the reuse of drill cuttings is possible from both technical and environmental perspective and the ratio of concrete or mortar can be customized according to physical and mechanical needs of end products. In the civil construction elements can be built and used as road basis, ground-cement base, blocks and bricks and other non-structural elements. The application of these elements in E and P operations include containment walls for onshore wells, collecting stations, pipeline brackets, supports and hold-down anchors as well as road pavement and access. From the standpoint of chemical safety, the resultant elements made-up from drill cuttings had demonstrated no potential risk for hydrocarbon leaching (TPH), Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH's), Volatile Organic Compounds (BTEX), Phenols nor Metals. From these results many improvements in the E and P waste management can be established, bringing both economy and greater environment protection measures for the Oil and Gas Exploration and Production operations. (author)

  4. China To Boost Civil Aerospace Industrialization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) announced on January 30,2008 that it had approved the overall development planning of three national aerospace industrial bases.Building a civil aerospace industry base serves to optimize and integrate aerospace resources to further increase the potential for technological innovation and product R&D in China's aerospace industry.

  5. Greenness: Pioneering a New Path of Ecological Civilization Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    liang Yong; Gong Jianfei

    2015-01-01

    In May 2015,The Opinion on Accelerating Ecological Civilization Construction by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council for the first time conceives the concept of greenness,and requests the coordinate promotion of new-type industrialization,urbanization,informationization,cultural modernization and greenness.Greenness is a profound innovation from theory to practice,pioneers a new path of

  6. Management for Construction Materials and Control of Construction Waste in Construction Industry: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    A. A. Gulghane; Prof P. V. Khandve

    2015-01-01

    In recent treads a wide range of building materials is available for the construction of civil engineering structures. The total cost of materials may be up to 60% or more of the total cost incurred in construction project dependent upon the type of project. Effective construction materials management is a key to success for a construction project. Construction waste is another serious problem in construction industry. A large and various types of construction waste with different...

  7. Canadian construction industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rich, M.

    2001-07-01

    The principal sectors of the Canadian construction industry - commercial, industrial, institutional and residential - are examined with regard to their technical considerations concerning the subject of sustainability. Apart from the different needs of each of the sectors of the industry there are also regional differences caused by population distribution, and differences in climate, that have to be identified and accommodated in considering attitudes to recycling and sustainable development. Some indications that there is growing awareness of recycling and reuse are: the increasing frequency of life cycle costing in the commercial and institutional sectors, the use of recycled or otherwise waste materials in concrete, examples of using steel supporting structures and roof joists salvaged from previous uncompleted projects in the industrial sector, improved building envelope and indoor air quality concerns, collective ground source heating, and new basement and framing technologies and construction materials in the residential sector. These improvements notwithstanding, there remains much to be done. The new objective-based National Building Code, for which comments are now being solicited across the country, is expected to identify new and innovative solutions and to kick-start serious efforts to come up with solutions towards increasing overall sustainability in all sectors of the Canadian construction industry.

  8. Management for Construction Materials and Control of Construction Waste in Construction Industry: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Gulghane

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In recent treads a wide range of building materials is available for the construction of civil engineering structures. The total cost of materials may be up to 60% or more of the total cost incurred in construction project dependent upon the type of project. Effective construction materials management is a key to success for a construction project. Construction waste is another serious problem in construction industry. A large and various types of construction waste with different characteristics are created at all the stages of construction. Construction industries have a larger part in contributing environmental problems. The economic and environmental benefits must be gained from construction waste minimization. This paper presents a review on systematically investigation of the management of construction materials and construction waste, material management techniques, control of construction waste and existing situation of construction management and construction waste in the industry.

  9. ACCELERATING CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohan M. Kumaraswamy

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The needs for construction industry development are initially viewed from the broader perspectives of imperatives for infrastructure development and national development. All these are clearly more critical in developing countries. A non-exhaustive set of potential drivers and common barriers to construction industry development is identified from previous research. These suggest the usefulness of consolidating a cluster of recent proposals and exercises aiming at (a construction organization development in terms of an over-arching management support system model, as well as improved information and knowledge management; and (b project team development in the context of relationally integrated teams and supply chains, joint risk management and ‘technology and knowledge exchange’ in joint ventures, as well as longer term public private partnerships. These apparently disparate research thrusts are threaded together into a pattern that may inspire, if not feed, specific research and development (R & D agendas for construction industry development in different countries according to their own priorities, constraints and stages of infrastructure and national development.

  10. Evaluation of Karst Hazards for Civil and Industrial Buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The European part of Russia exhibits highly developed sulphate and carbonate karst. It mostly occurs within fiver valleys with relatively thin coveting deposits. These conditions may induce karst collapses, which appear to be the main danger for civil and industrial buildings. Evolution of karst rocks includes several epochs of karst development,which causes complicated distribution of karst caves in karst rocks and, as the result, irregular distribution of karst caves on the surface. Karst hazards prediction is mostly reliable within the geotechnical system "Karst-Construction", using probability methods. This approach allows creating 3 types of antikarst protection (alternative design of construction arrangement on a plan, structural protection of a construction and plugging of karst caves beneath construction foundation) and selecting the optimum or the most effective version or their rational combination.``

  11. Application of the Energy Saving Construction Technology in Architectural Engineering of Industrial and Civil Building%工民建建筑工程中节能施工技术的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳

    2014-01-01

    The rapid development of the construction industry has brought the huge consumption of energy for our country, serious impact on the development of our economical society. China is stil in the exploration stage in the industrial and civil construction energy saving technology field, so in reinforcing the application of energy saving construction technology at the same time also should actively learn from foreign advanced energy-saving construction techniques, to promote the develo-pment of China's economy society.%建筑业的高速发展给我国的能源带来了巨大的消耗,严重影响了我国节约型社会的发展理念。我国在工民建筑节能施工技术领域还处于探索的阶段,所以在加强节能施工技术应用的同时还要积极的借鉴国外先进的节能施工技术,促进我国节约型社会的发展。

  12. RISK MANAGEMENT IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    V. Sankara Subramaniyan; K. Veerakumar

    2017-01-01

    Construction industry is highly risk prone, with complex and dynamic project environments which create an atmosphere of high uncertainty and risk. The industry is vulnerable to various technical, socio-political and business risks. The track record to cope with these risks has not been very good in construction industry. Risk management is a concept which becomes very popular in a number of businesses. Many companies often establish a risk management procedure in their projects for improving ...

  13. Identification & Control of Special Processes in Civil Engineering Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张怡

    2009-01-01

    @@ A lot ot special processes exist in operation of construction enterprises. Construction enterprises are categorized as of high risks in certification under the quality management system. Taking civil engineering construction of building projects as an example, the writer analyzes how construction enterprises shall identify and control the special processes.

  14. Materials for construction and civil engineering science, processing, and design

    CERN Document Server

    Margarido, Fernanda

    2015-01-01

    This expansive volume presents the essential topics related to construction materials composition and their practical application in structures and civil installations. The book's diverse slate of expert authors assemble invaluable case examples and performance data on the most important groups of materials used in construction, highlighting aspects such as nomenclature, the properties, the manufacturing processes, the selection criteria, the products/applications, the life cycle and recyclability, and the normalization. Civil Engineering Materials: Science, Processing, and Design is ideal for practicing architects; civil, construction, and structural engineers, and serves as a comprehensive reference for students of these disciplines. This book also: ·       Provides a substantial and detailed overview of traditional materials used in structures and civil infrastructure ·       Discusses properties of natural and synthetic materials in construction and materials' manufacturing processes ·  �...

  15. Industry Studies 2002: Construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    Jacksonville, FL Rotary Club of San Juan, San Juan, PR Tren Urbano Subway Project, San Juan, PR U.S. Army South, San Juan, PR U.S. Coast Guard Housing Project...are its implications for construction?, Foresight/CRISP Workshop on Nanotechnology, Royal Society of Arts . Cheltenham, England: 2001, p.5. 56 Concrete

  16. Construction Site Environmental Impact in Civil Engineering Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teixeira, Jose M. Cardoso

    2005-01-01

    The environmental impact of construction activity has gained increasing importance in the last few years and become a key subject for civil engineering education. A survey of Portuguese higher education institutions shows that concern with this topic is mostly directed at the impact of large construction projects and especially focused on their…

  17. D.H.Lawrence's Views On European Industrial Civilization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯建明

    2001-01-01

    In Women in Love (1921)the reader can easily perceive the author's abhorrence to European industrial civilization T Lawrence, the inescapable fate of this sort of social deveolpment is destruction And he takes it for granted that"Rananim"--the Lawrencian utopia, is a social outlet for human salvation.

  18. Evolutionary algorithms and metaheuristics in civil engineering and Construction management

    CERN Document Server

    Greiner, David

    2015-01-01

    This book focuses on civil and structural engineering and construction management applications. The contributions constitute modified, extended and improved versions of research presented at the  minisymposium organized by the editors at the ECCOMAS conference on this topic in Barcelona 2014.

  19. Utilization of washery waste as secondary raw materials in civil engineering and other industries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leonhard, J.; Schieder, T.

    1990-02-01

    Specific demands are put on waste from hardcoal production when used as a substitute for scarcening conventional construction materials such as sand, gravel and road stone. Untreated washery refuse is not useful, in general, except as bulk material for subsoil improvement as well as for the construction of embankments and dikes. By subjecting minestone to appropriate mechanical or thermal treatment aggregates it to serve as construction materials in civil engineering and in other industries can be obtained. Face bricks, compact and perforated blocks as well as large hollow blocks either with a calcareous or a cement binder were manufactured for civil engineering. Crushed coarse minestone proved its usefulness as a concrete aggregate. Utilization of ashes from fluidized bed firing systems yielded construction materials whose low density made them particularly fit for thermal insulation pruposes.

  20. INNOVATION IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Arditi

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper%2C existing innovation models are reviewed. The influence of technology and market-driven schools of thought on the creation and diffusion of innovation is examined. Incremental vs. radical models and autonomous vs. systemic models are considered in the context of the construction industry. The concept of %93technology adoption life cycle%94 is investigated to understand better the acceptance of new technology by key parties. A new model of innovation is proposed. In this model%2C the transformation process of invention into adoption flows through a cyclical mechanism encompassing six phases%3A 1%29 need%2C 2%29 creation%2C 3%29 invention%2C 4%29 innovation%2C 5%29 diffusion%2C and 6%29 adoption. This model clearly shows the interaction of the three most influential domains%3A users%2C changes%2C and the environment. The model also takes into consideration the influence of technology and market-driven forces on the creation and diffusion of innovation. As a consequence of their particular function in the construction activity%2C construction management firms should perform as catalysts in the generation and diffusion of technological advances in the Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Innovation%2C+invention%2C+innovation+models%2C+technology+adoption+life+cycle%2C+construction+management.+

  1. LHC Civil Engineering Construction Contracts Cost Monitoring and Budget Forecasting

    CERN Document Server

    Skelton, K

    2000-01-01

    The Civil Engineering project for the LHC is estimated at 350 MCHF, of which about 316 MCHF is for the construction contracts. These contracts are based on a system of remeasurement whereby the consultant estimates the quantities required for the construction of each structure and the contractor commits himself to the unit price, which define the initial tender price. There are many factors that affect the final price for these contracts, from increases or decreases in quantities of the estimated amounts in the original bill of quantities to variations to the contract. This paper will look at how these factors change costs at the individual level of a structure to the overall costs of the contract. It will look at how the Civil Engineering Group monitors these changes to calculate cash flows and final costs and how this information is used as a basis for budget forecasts.

  2. Assessment and Countermeasures of Ecological Civilization Construction in Changsha,Zhuzhou and Xiangtan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to assess the ecological civilization construction in urban agglomeration composed of Changsha,Zhuzhou and Xiangtan synthetically.[Method] By means of analytic hierarchy process,the assessment system of ecological civilization in Changsha,Zhuzhou and Xiangtan was established firstly,and then the ecological civilization construction in Changsha,Zhuzhou and Xiangtan was evaluated comprehensively,and the existing problems and causes of ecological civilization construction were analyzed,...

  3. Desenvolvimento de argamassas microporosas para a construção civil Development of microporous mortar for the civil construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Coimbra

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Esse trabalho consistiu na obtenção e estudo de uma argamassa de peso leve para o uso na construção civil através da adição combinada, de aditivos formadores de microporosidade, mais a utilização de cargas que incorporam resíduos industriais. A técnica vem sendo recentemente apontada como uma promissora alternativa para a construção de estruturas leves, onde o compromisso da resistência mecânica aliada às ações ambientais, tais como degradações físico-químicas provocadas por intemperismo, não representam pré-requisitos básicos da construção civil, que possam impedir a utilização de argamassas de baixa densidade, com micro porosidade controlada. Assim sendo, esse trabalho utilizou aditivos adequados para a formação de bolhas estáveis, e quando necessário, agentes promotores de resistência mecânica, tais que puderam compensar perdas de resistência devido a presença excessiva das bolhas. A avaliação da influência dos aditivos, bem como do método de preparação das argamassas leves que incluem o mecanismo de mistura, o desenvolvimento microestrutural e propriedades são correlacionados, visando a obtenção de uma composição adequada que possa ser utilizada na fabricação de estruturas leves.The purpose of that work was to obtain a lightweight mortar for use in the civil construction through the combined addition of micropore chemical formers and industrial residues. Recently, the lightweight mortar technique has been pointed out as an alternative for the construction of light structures, where the commitment of the mechanical resistance associated with the climate actions, such as physical-chemical degradation caused by environmental actions, do not represent basic requirements for civil construction that could restrain the use of low density mortar, with micropore controlled structure. The work analysed the influence of additives adapted for the formation of stable bubbles, and in some cases, the use of

  4. Lean Construction Implementation in the Saudi Arabian Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamil Ghazi Sarhan

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA has witnessed a huge increase in construction during the last two decades. However, many projects experienced time delays, cost overruns and the generation of massive amounts of waste. To address these challenges, lean construction has been introduced into the Saudi construction industry; however, it is still in its infancy. This study therefore investigates the current state of lean construction implementation in the construction industry in the KSA. The objectives are to identify: the types of construction waste, level of use of tools that support the implementation of lean construction, stages of application of lean methods, and the benefits of lean construction. To achieve these objectives, a structured questionnaire survey of 282 construction professionals was carried out. After the analysis of the collected data using mean score and Anova test, the following conclusions were made.  In the construction industry in the KSA, waiting is the most common type of waste, while Computer Aided Design (CAD is the conventional tool supporting the implementation of lean construction. Furthermore, the data suggests that lean construction is most commonly used in the construction stage of projects while customer satisfaction is the main benefit derived from lean construction practices. This study concludes that the level of implementation of lean construction in the KSA construction industry is increasing. The results will help benchmark the current state of lean construction implementation, which will enable the construction industry to identify strategies to implement lean construction in Saudi Arabia in accordance with their needs and project goals, to achieve better productivity.

  5. COMPETITIVENESS OF THE INDONESIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agung Budiwibowo

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia’s construction industry is important to the national economy. However, its competitiveness is considered low due to the lack of success of its development strategy and policy. A new approach known as the cluster approach is being used to make strategy and policy in order to develop a stronger more competitive industry . This paper discusses the layout of the Indonesian construction cluster and its competitiveness. The archival analysis research approach was used to identify the construction cluster. The analysis was based on the I/O tables of the years 1995 and 2000, which were published by the Indonesian Central Bureau of Statistics. The results suggest that the Indonesian construction cluster consists of the industries directly involved in construction as the core, with the other related and supporting industries as the balance. The anatomy of the Indonesian construction cluster permits structural changes to happen within it. These changes depend on policies that regulate the cluster’s constituents.

  6. Utilizing platforms in industrialized construction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonev, Martin; Wörösch, Michael; Hvam, Lars

    2015-01-01

    construction companies. A promising approach adapted by operations management and design theory regards individual building projects as the adjustment and recombination of components and processes from a set of predefined platforms, while configuration systems assure feasible building solutions. Design...... methods map structural platform characteristics so as to balance commonality and distinctiveness. Originality/value – This paper proposes a general theory of platform-based development and execution in the industrialised construction sector, which goes beyond concurrent approaches of standardising...

  7. Sustainable development and construction industry in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Sustainable construction is a way for the building and infrastructure industry to move towards achieving sustainable development, taking into account environmental, socioeconomic and cultural issues. Differing approaches and differing economic markets lead to different priorities. This paper presents the construction scenario of Malaysia and the developments in sustainable construction taking place in this country. Barriers to the implementation of sustainable construction are discussed. A li...

  8. Innovation, Procurement and Construction Industry Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geard de Valence

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The implications for analysis of innovation in construction of theoretical developments in industrial organisation are considered in this research, as an attempt to outline a new approach to construction innovation incorporating the ideas found in knowledge based, technology centred models. The paper firstly summarises characteristics of the construction industry, focusing on their effects on innovation, before surveying some of the ideas about the sources of innovation and the expansion and application of knowledge. Construction can be seen as an industry with limited scope for knowledge externalities, where the procurement methods used by the industry’s clients do not pay for innovation. The following discussion uses recent developments in the research on the economics of innovation and industrial organization theory, such as research intensity and the endogenous sunk costs in competitive, fragmented, low research intensity industries. The effects on R&D of procurement methods and on industry structure are discussed, with a focus on the appropriability of innovations and the role of the client on the Heathrow Terminal 5 project. The paper concludes that the procurement methods used for building and construction projects appears to be a determining factor in the level of innovation in the construction industry

  9. Construction of Circular Economy Industrial System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cao Man; Ye Wenhu

    2007-01-01

    It is difficult to realize the transformation from traditional economy industrial system to circular economy industrial system.Regarding primary raw materials as the indicators,the industrial system has been specified according to the divergence among the indicators and the circular utilization modes.In comparison with the association among industrial systems,the relationship among industrial sub-systems is named as industrial cross-linking in this paper.The industrial system which could completely utilize and recycle the indicators should be increased and strengthened,and the circular economy industrial system with complete industrial association and industrial cross-linking should also be constructed.Taking the development of circular agricultural system basing on the traditional agricultural system as an example,the traditional agricultural products are regarded as the indicators which have been divided into foodstuff and crop straws which are used to produce food and articlesfor use,like fertilizer,energy and papers etc.The way to construct the circular agricultural industrial system is to increase the industrial systems that could utilize the products generated from crop straws,feces and other castoffs and transform the wastewater and other trucks into environmental friendly products.It has also been pointed out that the construction of circular economy industrial system is conducive to the foundation of circular industrial economics and the establishment of the construction layout of circular economy and the application schemes.Suggestions to the theoretical and practical work of the next step have also been brought forward in this paper.

  10. Proposal for the increase of the contract amounts for LHC civil engineering construction and civil engineering consultancy contracts

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    This document concerns the increase of the contract amounts for LHC civil engineering construction contracts and civil engineering consultancy contracts. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the increase of the contract amounts with: - the joint venture TEERAG-ASDAG (AT), C. BARESEL (DE) and LOCHER (CH) for civil engineering construction, package 1, for a revised total amount of 91 500 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision; - the joint venture EDF (FR) and KNIGHT&PIESOLD (GB) for the provision of civil engineering consultancy services, package 1, for a revised total amount of 14 400 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision; - the joint venture TAYLOR WOODROW (GB), AMEC (GB) and SPIE BATIGNOLLES (FR) for civil engineering construction, package 3a, for a revised total amount of 118 000 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision; - the joint venture BROWN&ROOT (GB), INTECSA (ES) and HIDROTECNICA (PT) for the provision of civil engineering consultancy services, package 3, for a revised total amount of 14 ...

  11. Partnering in the Construction Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ditlev Bohnstedt, Kristian; Haugbølle, Kim; Bejder, Erik

    2013-01-01

    gaps in existing body of knowledge. The objective of this literature-based paper is to explore the current literature by systematically reviewing and summarizing research trends in leading top-tier construction management journals between 2002 and 2012, addressing how the themes in partnering related...... publications change across this period. It is concluded that trends such as research on developing trust among construction partners to facilitate project success, feasibility of and the barriers to adopting a partnering approach and strategic propositions for overcoming barriers are highly emerging. Finally...

  12. Sustainable development and construction industry in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suliman L. Kh. M.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable construction is a way for the building and infrastructure industry to move towards achieving sustainable development, taking into account environmental, socioeconomic and cultural issues. Differing approaches and differing economic markets lead to different priorities. This paper presents the construction scenario of Malaysia and the developments in sustainable construction taking place in this country. Barriers to the implementation of sustainable construction are discussed. A list of recommendation was proposed to drive sustainable construction in this country. In conclusion, the status of sustainable construction in Malaysia is still in its infancy. The lack of awareness, training and education, ineffective procurement systems, existing public policies and regulatory frameworks are among the major barriers for sustainable construction in Malaysia. Besides the needs for capacities, technologies and tools, total and ardent commitment by all players in the construction sectors including the governments and the public atlarge are required in order to achieve sustainable construction in Malaysia.

  13. Utilizing platforms in industrialized construction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonev, Martin; Wörösch, Michael; Hvam, Lars

    2015-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the development of a platform-based projectexecution in the industrialised construction sector, with a focus on systematically balancing cost andvalue. Offering custom-tailored buildings at reasonable costs has been a growing concern for manyconst......Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the development of a platform-based projectexecution in the industrialised construction sector, with a focus on systematically balancing cost andvalue. Offering custom-tailored buildings at reasonable costs has been a growing concern...... for manyconstruction companies. A promising approach adapted by operations management and design theoryregards individual building projects as the adjustment and recombination of components and processesfrom a set of predefined platforms, while configuration systems assure feasible buildingsolutions. Design....../methodology/approach – After adapting some of the underlying assertions of platformdesign to the engineer-to-order (ETO) situation in construction, the practical implications are evaluatedon a case study of a precast manufacturer using high performance concrete. Findings – Based on empirical findings from three distinct...

  14. Cooperating internationally. US/Japan Civil Industrial Technologies (CIT) Arrangement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    The Civil Industrial Technologies (CIT) Arrangement was signed in July 1994 between governments of the US and Japan. Areas of research range from scientific and technical databases and bioprocessing to precompetitive processing of functionally-gradient materials and ceramics. Papers presented in this symposium include studies on thin polymer films generated by vapor deposition polymerization, development of manufacturing technique of fusing 3D C/C composite materials, measurement and analysis for high performance computing systems, low-cost fabrication of ceramic components, bioprocessing, data exchange for mass spectral databases, development of high performance aluminum nitride ceramics, precompetitive processing of functionally-gradient materials, purity determination of organic reference materials, definitive methods traceable to SI unit, development of biocompatible artificial hard tissue materials, development of photoassisted catalysis technologies, surface analysis for catalysts by electron spectroscopy, development of ultra-solid lubricant with cluster diamond, precise determination of impurities in high-purity rare-earth metals, and highly accurate acceleration measurement system. 22 refs., 86 figs., 3 tabs.

  15. Implementing efficient and effective learnerships in the construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Mummenthey

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Overcoming skills deficits has been a major concern in South Africa since the advent of democracy in 1994.Research purpose: This study investigated the current state of the learnership system in the construction sector and identified the major obstacles.Motivation for the study: The study was an attempt to illustrate why it is necessary to implement efficient and effective learnerships in the construction industry.Research design, approach and method: A learnership evaluation framework was developed and indicated the critical factors for efficient and effective learnership implementation as well as the roles of the various key stakeholders. The sample included respondents from building and civil companies (n = 90, learners (n = 135, accredited training providers (n = 14 and Construction Education and Training Authority and industry-related bodies (n = 10.Main findings: It was found that descriptive statistics, non-parametric tests and a content analysis of the Western Cape data indicated that, despite low satisfaction with the system in the workplace and among institutional providers, the learnership system was nevertheless regarded as an appropriate means to develop artisans.Practical/managerial implications: Companies were motivated to offer learnerships but felt inadequately prepared for actual implementation. Learnerships were felt to demonstrate effectiveness in terms of employability and skills enhancement.Contribution/value-add: This research provides a theoretical framework to understand, describe and assess the implementation of efficient and effective learnerships in the construction industry.

  16. The construction industry takes up the gauntlet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Elsebet Frydendal

    2005-01-01

    Public and political dissadisfaction with the Danish construction industry in terms of low productivity, high prices and poor qualiyt has lead the industry to a stage where new methods and new innovative measures are needed. The industry, supported by the government, has engaged in a range...... focus on health and safety, including attempts to reduce the high risks of accidents in the industry has also been adressed. This paper questions whether these activities are enough and presents an ongoing reseach project that illustrates the need for innovation from a more holistic, normative...

  17. Sustainable material selection for construction industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Govindan, Kannan; Shankar, Madan; Kannan, Devika

    2016-01-01

    Urbanization and globalization has led to a rapid development in the construction industry. Many strategies have been proposed to improve cost effectiveness in this sector. Over the last decade, cost concerns have been balanced with a growing debate on the necessity for sustainable construction...... in particular, there is an ongoing demand to select the best sustainable construction materials because the industry is growing so rapidly in this nation. Thus, the main intent of this paper is to propose a model to evaluate the best sustainable construction material based on sustainable indicators through...... practices. Because of depleting resources and environmental concerns, researchers and practitioners have begun to explore sustainable construction strategies. Among these strategies is the selection of sustainable materials which play a vital role in a building's environmental footprint. In the UAE...

  18. IMPACT OF ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRISIS IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina PLOSCARU

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The current financial and economic crisis has affected many sectors, and also the construction sector. The construction market has been and will be an important source of income for the entire Europe, totaling about 1.650 thousand billion euro, which is more than the GDP of Italy. Building no doubt brings significant percentage in the GDP of any European country, which of course is different from country to country. In Western European countries, the residential market is almost 50% from the construction market, while in Eastern European countries the majority is held by the civil and non-residential constructions. In addition, in the West the medium budget per capita spent on construction is 3-4 times higher than that spent in Eastern countries. But, according to previsions in the coming years the countries that will witness a growth, albeit small, will be the Eastern ones. The paper highlights the impact of the economic and financial crisis in the construction industry on a European and national level, as the sustainable constructions that may represent the sector’s future.

  19. Industrial Disputes in the Construction Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.J Perry

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The Cole Royal Commission enquiry into the building and construction (abbreviated to ‘construction’ sector recommended controversial workplace-relation reforms for that sector. The recommended changes are likely to be enshrined in legislation within the year. The Commission drew on analyses of industrial disputes that focused, in the main, on quite recent experience. This paper attempts to give a broader historical perspective on disputes in that sector by considering the pattern of disputes for the entire post-World War II period. Accordingly, data on disputes and employees during the entire period are gathered from Australian Bureau of Statistics current and archived sources. These data are classified according to sector (construction versus non-construction and analysed. It is found that the strike rate has, on average, been greater in the construction sector than in the non-construction sector. However, there have been periods during which disputes in the construction sector have been relatively low. The most recent period was during the period of the Accord (1983-96, during which the strike rate in the construction sector fell relatively strongly. The analysis of this relatively broad historical period draws attention, among other things, to the possibility that the sort of strategies employed during the Accord years – strategies of cooperation and consensus building – may provide a more effective means of bringing industrial peace to the workplace relations scene of the construction sector than policies that are relatively confrontational.

  20. Study on the Synchronous Propulsion of New Urbanization and Ecological Civilization Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yonghua LUO; Yaqing WEN

    2016-01-01

    The construction of ecological civilization is the inevitable choice for implementing of the new urbanization strategy and is the objective requirement of promoting the new urbanization. It provides the power support for the new urbanization,and economic development has entered a new era in China. In order to better promote the new urbanization and the construction of ecological civilization,there is a need to optimize the use of land resources,provide space guarantee for new urbanization and the construction of ecological civilization; vigorously develop the financial sector to provide financial support for the new urbanization and the construction of ecological civilization; perfect information infrastructure to provide information support for the new urbanization and the construction of ecological civilization; stick to people-oriented principle and strive to build livable city of ecological civilization; establish ecological compensation mechanism to promote the coordinated development of regional new ecological town; make a blue map for cooperative promotion of new urbanization and ecological civilization construction through the establishment of a scientific and rational plan.

  1. Reverse logistics in the construction industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosseini, M Reza; Rameezdeen, Raufdeen; Chileshe, Nicholas; Lehmann, Steffen

    2015-06-01

    Reverse logistics in construction refers to the movement of products and materials from salvaged buildings to a new construction site. While there is a plethora of studies looking at various aspects of the reverse logistics chain, there is no systematic review of literature on this important subject as applied to the construction industry. Therefore, the objective of this study is to integrate the fragmented body of knowledge on reverse logistics in construction, with the aim of promoting the concept among industry stakeholders and the wider construction community. Through a qualitative meta-analysis, the study synthesises the findings of previous studies and presents some actions needed by industry stakeholders to promote this concept within the real-life context. First, the trend of research and terminology related with reverse logistics is introduced. Second, it unearths the main advantages and barriers of reverse logistics in construction while providing some suggestions to harness the advantages and mitigate these barriers. Finally, it provides a future research direction based on the review.

  2. Achieving Supply Chain Integration within Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter McDermotti

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The main driver behind the adoption of supply chain management (SCM philosophy into the construction industry was the successes within other industry sectors. SCM can be defined as network of different organisations, linked upstream and downstream in a chain, aiming to produce quality and value in the services and products for the end consumers through integrated processes and activities. In order to achieve the optimised level of integration of the whole supply chain, the industry has responded in various forms. This paper will discuss different initiatives by the researchers,construction industry,and the UK government in order to achieve optimal level of supply chain integration. This paper will discuss the concept of aggregation,and also look at other supply chain integration related concepts including client-led supply chain, knowledge about the whole supply chain, effects of procurement on integration of supply chain, etc. The paper will give a brief overview and initial findings of a project undertaken by the authors, and also include examples from the UK construction industry on bundling of the supply and demand.

  3. Safety Management Analysis In Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Subramani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The Indian society and economy have suffered human and financial losses as a result of the poor safety record in the construction industry. The purpose of this study is to examine safety management in the construction industry. The study will collects data from general contractors, who are involved in major types of construction. Collected data include information regarding organizational safety policy, safety training, safety meetings, safety equipment, safety inspections, safety incentives and penalties, workers’ attitude towards safety, labor turnover rates and compliance with safety legislation. The study will also reveal several factors of poor safety management. Thus the paper will conclude by providing a set of recommendations and strategies to contractors for improving their safety performance.

  4. Increase of the contract amounts for LHC civil-engineering construction and civil-engineering consultancy contracts

    CERN Document Server

    2005-01-01

    This document concerns the increase of the contract amounts for LHC civil-engineering construction and civil-engineering consultancy, Package 2. The Finance Committee is invited to take note of the increase of the contract amounts with: - the joint venture DRAGADOS (ES) and SELI (IT) for civil-engineering construction, LHC Package 2, for an amount of 28 087 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision, in the amount previously announced to Finance Committee (CERN/FC/4516) of 132 200 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision, bringing the total to a maximum amount of 160 287 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision. - the joint venture GIBB (GB), GEOCONSULT (AT) and SGI (CH) for the provision of civil-engineering consultancy services, LHC Package 2, for an amount of 900 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision, in the amount previously announced to Finance Committee of 13 800 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision, bringing the total to a maximum amount of 14 700 000 Swiss francs, subject to revision

  5. Work Stress among Professionals in Building Construction Industry in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eziyi Offia Ibem

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This study was undertaken to identify key stress factors among professionals in building construction industry in Nigeria. This is in view of the fact that to date, very little is known about work stress among professionals in building construction industry in this country. The study involved the administration of questionnaire to 107 professionals including architects, builders, civil/structural engineers and quantity surveyors randomly selected from 60 ongoing building projects in Anambra, Ogun and Kaduna States, Nigeria. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics, and findings show that the principal sources of stress were high volume of work, uncomfortable site office environment, lack of feedback on previous and ongoing building projects, and variations in the scope of work in ongoing building projects. The paper suggests that taking responsibility for work which one has adequate capacity to handle, establishing realistic budgets and time frame for project delivery, provision of spatially adequate, visually and thermally comfortable site offices, adoption of appropriate job design practice and education of professionals on stress management strategies will reduce the incidence of stress among professionals in building industry in Nigeria.

  6. Innovation in the Danish Construction Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonke, Sten; Bang, Henrik; Clausen, Lennie

    This report is concerned with public policy instruments, how they are used and to which degree they enhance innovativeness in the Danish construction sector.The report is written as a Danish response to the first of three thematic questions raised in CIB Task Group 35 on innovation systems in con...... in construction. The three themes are:A. Which current public policy instruments facilitate innovation in construction?B. What is the role of knowledge brokers in the innovation process?C. How does the client-industry interface influence innovation?......This report is concerned with public policy instruments, how they are used and to which degree they enhance innovativeness in the Danish construction sector.The report is written as a Danish response to the first of three thematic questions raised in CIB Task Group 35 on innovation systems...

  7. Prefabricated Construction using Digitally Integrated Industrial Manufacturing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harry Giles

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes research being carried out in relation to prefabricated high density affordablehousing under a grant from the Partnership for the Advancement of Technology in Housing(PATH and the National Science Foundation (NSF in the USA. The objective is to demonstratehow a new paradigm for the conceptualization and construction of buildings can be conceivedof as an entirely factory based process that creates advantages for construction through industrialsystems technology transfer. Our approach is intended to transform design methodologythrough demonstrating how alternative construction concepts, using entirely pre-manufacturedvolumetric units, can be adopted. This involves digital modeling that facilitates parametric variationsfor creating customized prefabricated products from design conceptualization through tofinal product delivery. The paper discusses key areas under investigation in relation to a manufacturingparadigm used in the automotive industry that integrates virtual prototyping and industrialmanufacturing systems. Our research explores a type of monocoque volumetric unit prefabricatedin steel, which will be pre-finished as part of a modular factory-built approach usingindustrialized methodologies that will facilitate customized manufacture of a high quality energyefficient product for affordable housing.The paper addresses the automotive industry methods of manufacture that have served increasedautomobile performance and economics through mass production for over a century. In starkcontrast, the building industry and in particular the housing industry is still a century behind. It issuggested that a move away from tradition will require an industry wide initiative, just like HenryFord led the way with mass production. By embracing the increasing sophistication and capabilitythat digital technology offers, it is shown how digital tools are implemented towards masscustomization in house design using virtual modeling in the

  8. Industrial Disputes in the Construction Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Perry, L.J

    2012-01-01

    The Cole Royal Commission enquiry into the building and construction (abbreviated to ‘construction’) sector recommended controversial workplace-relation reforms for that sector. The recommended changes are likely to be enshrined in legislation within the year. The Commission drew on analyses of industrial disputes that focused, in the main, on quite recent experience. This paper attempts to give a broader historical perspective on disputes in that sector by considering the pattern of disputes...

  9. Social identity in the construction industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, L. P.; Karlsen, I. L.; Kines, P.

    2015-01-01

    The construction industry has one of the highest frequency levels and rates of work-related injuries, yet the evidence for successful attempts to reduce injuries is generally lacking. The motivational and (safety) behavioural implications of social identification and social categorization among...... consider how safety can become a salient and valued group norm by altering the social structure at the sites and/or fostering dual social identity....

  10. PRICING STRATEGY IN THE INDONESIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krishna Mochtar

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Issues related to pricing strategy in the Indonesian construction industry are covered%2C including problems of current pricing strategy in construction%2C exploration of pricing strategies with a market-based approach%2C and survey findings of the top Indonesian contractors regarding their current pricing practices and the applicability of market-based pricing strategy models developed by Mochtar and Arditi. Comparisons with similar survey findings of the top U.S. contractors are conducted whenever possible. In conclusion%2C the belief that current pricing strategy in construction is predominantly cost-based is confirmed by the survey findings%3B indeed%2C in setting the markup%2C most contractors rely on subjective assessment of the competition. Using simulated bidding scenarios%2C it is discovered that Indonesian contractors tend to be more market-based as they know more about the owner%5C%27s characteristics%2C competitors%5C%27 characteristics%2C and market demand. Consequently%2C the implementation of bidding procedure proposed by Mochtar and Arditi is supported. To maximize the benefits of market-based pricing strategies%2C the bidding procedure change should be explored by all parties involved in the Indonesian construction industry. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Cost-based+pricing%2C+market-based+pricing%2C+pricing+variables%2C+bidding+procedure.

  11. ASSESSING STRATEGIC TYPOLOGY AND BUSINESS PERFORMANCE: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE IN SMALL CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN MALAYSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shafie Sidek

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The research investigates Miles and Snow (1978 strategic typology as the strategic choice and business performance among Class F entrepreneurs in civil construction industry in Malaysia. The result concluded thatProspector strategy is the most effective strategic typology in the small construction industry in Malaysia whereas reactors are the lowest achievers. Analyzer and defender are the moderate class F performers. The most competitive and the destructive strategic typology have been revealed from this study. This is important to serve as a guide to those who involved or intend to be involved in the small construction industry in Malaysia. It is useful for strategist and businessman, especially in the small construction industry in Malaysia to take it as a normative theory which they might practice throughout the daily activities especially during the formation of the business strategy.

  12. Ideology and Poetics in Public Issue Construction: Thatcherism, Civil Liberties, and "Terrorism" in Northern Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parry-Giles, Trevor

    1995-01-01

    Examines the rhetoric of Margaret Thatcher, indicating how Thatcherism intensified existing ideological tensions within the British context; how Thatcherism constructed the public issue of "terrorism" in Northern Ireland as an "epic tragedy"; and how such a construction materially shifted and ensnared commitments to "freedom" and civil liberties.…

  13. Linking Civil Engineering Education And Research With Industry (Session Keynote)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Virdi, Kuldeep

    Linking engineering education with industry has been a basic aim of educators almost from the beginning of modern degree programmes. In the USA, reference is often made to ‘co-operative education’, where students spend periods in industry within the duration of their stay in a university. Indeed...

  14. Safety Production Management Mode Innovation of Civil Construction Team%土木建筑施工班组安全生产管理模式创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张焱; 周睿; 赵挺生; 杨西海

    2014-01-01

    在分析我国安全生产监督管理机制和土木建筑施工项目安全生产管理模式基础上,结合土木建筑行业安全生产过程特点,指出土木建筑行业必须发挥班组的重要作用。借鉴煤炭、电力等行业平安班组建设经验,建议了以联保、互保制度为核心的土木建筑施工作业班组模式。实践表明,尽管土木建筑施工班组稳定性差,但平安班组建设促进了班组人员安全意识的提高,班组人员发现、排解安全风险能力增强,促进了工程建设安全生产。%This paper analyses the production safety supervision and management mechanism of China and the safety pro-duction management mode of civil construction project ,then points out that the work team should play an important role in civil construction industry based on the characteristics of production safety process for civil construction .Reference to the safety team building experience in some industries such as the coal industry ,power industry and so on ,it is put forward the civil construction work team mode ,which is concentrated in joint guarantee system and mutual insurance system .The prac-tice proves that safety team building can promote the safety awareness of team members though civil construction team lacks stability and team members’ abilities to discover and eliminate safety risks are also improved ,which can promote the safety production in engineering construction .

  15. Research on RFID Applications in Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chengshuang Sun

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available As its relatively large storage capacity and the ability of identifying and tracking materials and equipment in real-time without any direct contact or line-of-sight compared to traditional bar codes, Radio frequency identification (RFID technology has been more and more adopted in many sectors and identified as one of the ten greatest contributory technologies of 21st century. To systematically shed light on potential applications of RFID for uninitiated readers, this paper first presents the principle and the brief history of RFID technology. Then the paper summarizes the RFID’s technical features which enable its popularity in industry. Finally, applications examples in construction industry are presented for highlighting its enabling employment. It is hoped that this paper will give a useful implications for RFID researchers and practitioners and provide a roadmap to guide future research.

  16. Sustainable Entrepreneurship in the Dutch Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosalinde J.A. Klein Woolthuis

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the strategies that sustainable entrepreneurs use to interact with their environment in the Dutch construction industry. The Dutch construction industry is under great pressure to move towards sustainability, and entrepreneurs are believed to be able to play a large role in this transition by introducing new products and new business practices. But how can entrepreneurs prosper in an environment that is not geared up towards such a change? And which strategies do they use to bend conditions in their favor? In this article we make use of the Market and System Failure Framework to analyze the pressures that entrepreneurs are confronted with when introducing sustainable innovations. We recognize that these pressures can be seen as bottlenecks, but that market and system failures can also create entrepreneurial opportunities. We interviewed 16 entrepreneurs in the Dutch construction industry to determine the influences they experienced from their environment and the strategies they use to deal with these. We conclude that we can distinguish between system building and following entrepreneurs, where the former aims to build a new system to challenge the old one, whereas the latter rather makes use of existing structures to build a business. We find that both strategies can be successful and that overall, the entrepreneurs confirm the belief that sustainability on people, planet and transparency aspects, can contribute very well to the long term profitability of the businesses the entrepreneurs are running. These in-depth insights into the influences from the context on the one hand, and the entrepreneurs’ strategic reactions on the other hand, contribute to our understanding of the interactions between entrepreneurs and the system context. This can help us to more effectively stimulate and support innovating entrepreneurs to contribute to the transition towards sustainability.

  17. Ningxia will Focus on Construction of Ecological Textile Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    During the" Twelfth Five-Year plan", Ningxia province will focus on construction of ecological textile industry demonstration garden, with multi-color textile environmental protection and new materials as a starting point, construction of environmental chemical fiber textile industry to match petrochemical, natural gas chemical industry, coal chemical industry, energy and power industry, build whole ecological textile industry system including the new textile material ,the color spinning, yarn-dyed fabric, apparel, home textiles, and decorative products,

  18. Decision support model for selecting and evaluating suppliers in the construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Schramm

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A structured evaluation of the construction industry's suppliers, considering aspects which make their quality and credibility evident, can be a strategic tool to manage this specific supply chain. This study proposes a multi-criteria decision model for suppliers' selection from the construction industry, as well as an efficient evaluation procedure for the selected suppliers. The model is based on SMARTER (Simple Multi-Attribute Rating Technique Exploiting Ranking method and its main contribution is a new approach to structure the process of suppliers' selection, establishing explicit strategic policies on which the company management system relied to make the suppliers selection. This model was applied to a Civil Construction Company in Brazil and the main results demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed model. This study allowed the development of an approach to Construction Industry which was able to provide a better relationship among its managers, suppliers and partners.

  19. Design of a System for Monitoring Reliability of Structures and Constructions in Civil Engineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomislav S. Igić

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Monitoring of civil engineering structures and constructions requires techniques which can produce high precision and accuracy, reliable measurements and fast processing speed. The development of information and communication systems as well as of microprocessor controllers has enabled a creation of monitoring systems that can be used for tracking reliability of structures and constructions in civil engineering, with described key features. This paper describes in detail the architecture of the Civil Engineering Structures Reliability Monitoring (CERM system. The system has been designed for the purposes of the Technical Mechanics and Theory of Constructions Department at the Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, University of Nis. Unlike general commercial monitoring systems, the CERM system has been specially designed for the purpose of reliability monitoring, and its potential will be further exploited in this paper. It is based on usage of universal microprocessor controllers Integraf of series 10X, along with specially designed software package. This system provides real time acquisition of measurements for observed civil engineering structures and analysis of received values based on developed mathematical models.

  20. MARKETING EXPENDITURES IN THE INDONESIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krishna Mochtar

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In the 1960s, a “new” marketing concept known as "four Ps marketing mix" appeared and shifted the focus from the product to the customer. The objective of the new concept was not only profit, and the means of achieving the objective expanded to include the entire “marketing mix”: product, price, promotion, and place (channels and distribution. Expenditures of marketing in a company should be explored from these mixes, because each mix would have an impact on the total marketing expenditures. These four mixes are the main aspects of marketing and thus, should represent almost all expenditures in marketing in a company. From this research it is discovered that the responding contractors have only average efforts to improve or innovate their service, mostly using the latest construction methods and management approach. Correlated to their policy in the fourth mix (Place, they are still national oriented and not international oriented in marketing their services, this may lead to the big question of their survival; their motivation to innovate is only average while their target market is only national market. Their attitude to use more intensive “fees” policy rather than both product innovation and promotion is also interesting. Big percentage of the responding contractors assumes these “fees” are regular marketing practices. This attitude may better be stopped to make the construction industry practices healthier. Attitude to use more product innovation and true promotion approach in marketing in construction must be encouraged systematically in the future, to improve competitiveness in the long term.

  1. 江宁区生态文明建设的实践与思考%Practice and Consideration of Ecological Civilization Construction in Jiangning Disrict

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洪新; 赵艳华; 王仕文; 张永军

    2014-01-01

    南京市江宁区通过优化产业结构、提升环境治理、构筑生态新城等举措,打牢生态文明建设的现实基础。但对照国家生态文明示范区标准,在经济、社会、制度方面仍存在诸多制约因素。为此需逐步确立以科学规划为先导,以制度建设为根本,以产业转型为抓手,以乡村建设为载体,以生态德育为基点的生态文明建设思路。%In order to build the practical basis of ecological civilization construction, the administ-ration in Jiangning District, Nanjing took some measures like optimizing the industrial structure, promoting environmental governance, constructing ecological new town. However, compared with the standard for national eco-civilization construction demonstration area, there are still many constr-aints in economy, society, system. Therefore, it need to gradually establish ecological civilization construction with the scientific planning as the guide, with the system construction as the basis, with the industry transformation as the aim, with the rural construction as the supporter, with the ecologi-cal moral education as the center.

  2. 48 CFR 236.275 - Construction of industrial resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Construction of industrial resources. 236.275 Section 236.275 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS... CONTRACTS Special Aspects of Contracting for Construction 236.275 Construction of industrial resources....

  3. Competency Standards for Bachelor of Industrial Technology Graduates for the Construction Industry in Region IV-A: Inputs For Curriculum Enhancement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George P. Compasivo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study was to develop competency standards for Industrial Technology graduates for employment in the construction industry in Region IV-A, Philippines. It specifically identified the basic and core competency standards for industrial technology and determined the degree of importance of competencies needed in the construction industry sector. The study identified 28 common competencies for three areas of specializations in industrial technology namely: electrical, civil and drafting technology. There were 39 core competencies for electrical, 31 for drafting and 38 items for civil technology. A total of 50 panel of experts were carefully selected using the purposive sampling as respondents in the study. Experts are selected based on their technical know-how or proficiency and currently practicing their line of profession in the construction industry. The study used the descriptive-developmental method of research. The Delphi technique was applied to determine if the competency under investigation reached the general agreement of opinions by the panel of experts involved. The findings implied that the newly developed competency standards were good input for curriculum enhancement in the area of civil, drafting and electrical technology. The study recommended the newly developed competencies may be followed by the faculty in the course they teach and the new competency items suggested by the panel of experts for inclusion in the curriculum for the three areas of specializations may be considered during the curriculum revision.

  4. Sustainable technologies for the building construction industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vanegas, J.A.; DuBose, J.R.; Pearce, A.R. [Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)

    1995-12-31

    As the dawn of the twenty-first century approaches, the current pattern of unsustainable, inequitable and unstable asymmetric demographic and economic growth has forced many segments of society to come together in facing a critical challenge: how can societies across the world meet their current basic human needs, aspirations and desires, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs? At the core of this challenge is the question: how can the human race maintain in perpetuity a healthy, physically attractive and biologically productive environment. The development path that we have been taking, in the past few centuries, has been ultimately detrimental to the health of our surrounding ecological context. We are consuming an increasing share of the natural resources available to use on this planet, and we are creating sufficiently large amounts of waste and pollution such that the earth can no longer assimilate our wastes and recover from the negative impacts. This is a result of a growing population as well as new technologies which make it easier for use to access natural resources and also require the consumption of more resources. Unsustainable technology has been the result of linear rather than cyclic thinking. The paradigm shift from linear to cyclic thinking in technological design is the crux of the shift from unsustainability to sustainability. This paper discusses the implications for the building design and construction industries. Strategies, technologies, and opportunities are presented to improve the sustainability of the built environment.

  5. Enablers of Innovation in the Construction Material Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wandahl, Søren; Lassen, Astrid Heidemann; Jacobsen, Alexia

    2014-01-01

    . By exploring case-based innovation processes the purpose is to discover enablers of innovation in the construction material industry. The research design is based on explorative case studies. By applying case study as method, the research is drawn towards inductive research, where we investigate patterns......The construction material industry is often acknowledged as slightly more innovative than the overall construction industry and could hence serve as a valuable learning place for how innovation could flourish in the construction industry. Construction is viewed as network or supply chain based...... suitable for generalization on enablers for innovation. In total, six cases of successful innovation are investigated. The conclusion of this research validates that open innovation in a network approach is a precondition for a successful innovation journey in the construction industry. In addition...

  6. Nave industrial destinada a almacén de maquinaria de obra civil

    OpenAIRE

    Yeregui Bacaicoa, Asier

    2014-01-01

    Este proyecto fin de carrera tiene como objeto calcular y diseñar una nave industrial con sus correspondientes oficinas, con el fin de que el almacenaje y distribución de maquinaria de obra civil, como pueden ser retroexcavadoras, grúas pequeñas, martillos hidráulicos, máquinas para amasar, apisonadoras vibratorias, motobombas para obra, etc., pueda ser el óptimo. La construcción de dicha nave industrial debe asegurar la correcta actividad dentro de ella. Para ello será necesar...

  7. Reuse of harbour sediments in the Greenlandic construction industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Belmonte, Louise Josefine; Kirkelund, Gunvor Marie; Ottosen, Lisbeth M.;

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate possibilities of using harbour sediments from the Greenlandic harbours as substitutes in the Greenlandic construction industry, mainly for concrete production and road construction. Materials for use in the Greenlandic construction industry are shipped ...... to Greenland from all over the world and reuse and use of resources already in Greenland would therefore make a huge contribution to the local community....

  8. QUALITY OF HUMAN RESOURCES IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofronov Daniil Sergeevich

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Human resources serve as the basis for development of the national economy, as a whole, and the construction industry, as its constituent part. The problem of inferior labor productivity within the framework of the national economy and its construction industry is considered in the paper. The author has identified the reasons why the productivity of the national economy and its construction industry is low. Low quality manpower is one of the reasons. Analysis of the statistical information has proven that the quality of the manpower in the construction industry is unsatisfactory. The author has also analyzed the relation between the construction industry development pattern and the quality of the manpower. Low manpower quality is a consequence of low personnel training and development expenditures assumed by local construction companies, if compared to the same assumed in the developed economies. Russian businesses do not invest any proceeds into their employees, as any employee may leave the company at any moment, and the employer will lose the investment. Therefore, the performance rate of the Russian construction industry cannot catch up with its western counterpart. The author also provides the analysis of the western personnel development concept. The author also makes his suggestions designated to reverse the unfavourable trend of the construction industry.

  9. Safety Management Practices in the Bhutanese Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kin Dorji

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The construction industry is considered as one of the most hazardous industrial sectors wherein the construction workers are more prone to accidents. In developed countries such as United Kingdom and United States of America, there is strict legal enforcement of safety in the construction industry and also in the implementation of safety management systems which are designed to minimize or eliminate accidents at work places. However, occupational safety in construction industry is very poor in developing countries such as Bhutan. This study investigates the prevalent safety management practices and perceptions in the construction industry in Bhutan. The study was conducted among 40 construction contractors and 14 government officials through method of questionnaire survey, interview and discussion. The result of the study revealed that there are many occupational safety problems in the construction industry in Bhutan, problems such as lack of safety regulations and standards, low priority of safety, lack of data on safety at construction sites, lack of competent manpower, lack of safety training, lack of safety promotion and lack of documented and organized safety management systems. Furthermore, the study also proposes some recommendations for safe construction in Bhutan.

  10. PERFORMANCE OF PROJECTN MANAGEMENT IN CIVIL CONSTRUCTION AT SUGAR AND ALCOHOL PLANTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Parras Meleiro

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This article reports a study case on performance of project management in civil construction at sugarcane and alcohol plants. The survey was conducted in sugarcane and alcohol plant in Barra Bonita, São Paulo state, Brazil, which is a joint venture formed by the world´s largest sugar cane processor as well as one of the largest world´s fuel distributors. Brazil is the world's largest sugarcane producer and the second one of bioethanol. São Paulo state is the biggest national producer with approximately 60% of production. This fact boosted the investment of foreign groups in this sector. Historically, civil projects were managed by employees themselves sometimes with no experience in project management and without the use of adequate criteria, tools and methods. With the arrival of investors, improvement projects have become indispensable, teams sought for improvement and project managers have gained strength. This paper aims at showing the performance of a management at sugarcane and alcohol plant in civil construction projects, demonstrating the relationship between involved parties and the benefits achieved with the implementation of established management methods for the conducting these projects.

  11. A Report on the Industry: Construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    Maryland Department of Transportation and Tres Urbano Subway Project, San Juan, Puerto Rico U.S. Corps of Engineers, San Juan, Puerto Rico U.S. Corps...been predicted for a decade, the industry has not acted to stem the problem.lxxix Many secondary schools have phased out industrial arts ...Bentley’s Architecture Design and MicroStationcxi are state-of - art commercial software packages assisting architects and design engineers in

  12. Construction. A Report on the Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    Transportation and Tres Urbano Subway Project, San Juan, Puerto Rico U.S. Corps of Engineers, San Juan, Puerto Rico U.S. Corps of Engineers, Mobile...decade, the industry has not acted to stem the problem.lxxix Many secondary schools have phased out industrial arts programs.l In addition...Architecture Design and MicroStationcxi are state-of - art commercial software packages assisting architects and design engineers in capturing requirements

  13. GENERALIZED LANDSCAPE THEORY: AGENT-BASED APPROACH TO ALLIANCE FORMATIONS IN CIVIL AVIATION INDUSTRY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kyoichi Kijima

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to generalize Landscape theory proposed by R.Axelrod and, then, to apply it to the civil aviation industry for simulating alliance formations in it. Landscape theory provides a well-known agent-based simulation model for analyzing alliance (or coalition) formation process. When a set N of agents or autonomous decision makers is given, the theory assumes that each agent tries to make a coalition in such a way that the resulting alliance minimizes its frustration. The theory is essentially based on two premises. One is that a propensity is symmetric,i.e., the propensity of agent i toward j is exactly the same as that of j toward i for anyagents i and j in N. The other is that the number of alliances is restricted to two, i.e., at any moment N is partitioned into two parties. Though the two basic premises underpin the theory and make the model simple and operational, they do not always reflect alliance formation processes in a realistic way. A generalized Landscape theory that this paper proposes removes them and allows asymmetric propensity and existence of alliances of any number. Since the premises are essential for the model, the generalization requires a drastic reconstruction of the whole idea of the theory. Finally, we analyze a real alliance formation process in the civil aviation industry.This analysis provides interesting insights about the industry as well as some validation of our generalized Landscape theory.

  14. PRIORITISING LEAN CONSTRUCTION BARRIERS IN UGANDA'S CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Mwanaki Alinaitwe

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Engaging in lean construction efforts could prove to be highly rewarding for building firms in Uganda. However, lean construction is risky and can be disastrous if not properly managed. Lean production efforts in some other countries have not been successful due to the many barriers to its successful implementation. To enable sound lean construction efforts and to increase the chances of success in eliminating waste, a thorough investigation of the barriers is essential. This study presents 31 barriers and investigates their influence (strength on the success of lean construction initiatives. Structured interviews were carried out with technical managers of building firms to assess their perception of the barriers to lean production based on their experience at their firms. The strongest barrier is the provision of inputs exactly when required. Additionally, the barriers were ranked according to the ease of overcoming each. The easiest barrier to overcome is keeping the required items in the right place. Finally, a graphical aid is provided to enable decision makers to concentrate their efforts on the influential (strong, yet easy to overcome barriers. A lack of buildable designs and a participative management style for the workforce are the most important barriers to successful waste reduction in terms of strength and ease of overcoming. On the other hand, a lack of an organisational culture that supports teamwork, a lack of prefabrication and a lack of knowledgeable and skilled workers are regarded as low in strength, and at the same time difficult to overcome.

  15. Occupational Accidents: A Perspective of Pakistan Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tauha Hussain Ali

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available It has been observed that the construction industry is one of the notorious industry having higher rate of fatalities and injuries. Resulting in higher financial losses and work hour losses, which are normally faced by this industry due to occuptional accidents. Construction industry has the highest occupational accidents rate recorded throughout the world after agriculture industry. The construction work site is often a busy place having an incredibly high account of activities taking place, where everyone is moving in frenzy having particular task assigned. In such an environment, occupational accidents do occur. This paper gives information about different types of occupational accidents & their causes in the construction industry of Pakistan. A survey has been carried out to identify the types of occupational accidents often occur at construction site. The impact of each occupational accident has also been identified. The input from the different stakeholders involved on the work site was analyzed using RIW (Relative Importance Weight method. The findings of this research show that ?fall from elevation, electrocution from building power and snake bite? are the frequent occupational accidents occur within the work site where as ?fall from elevation, struck by, snake bite and electrocution from faulty tool? are the occupational accident with high impact within the construction industry of Pakistan. The results also shows the final ranking of the accidents based on higher frequency and higher impact. Poor Management, Human Element and Poor Site Condition are found as the root causes leading to such occupational accidents. Hence, this paper

  16. Defining an Industry: What is the Size and Scope of the Australian Building and Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerard de Valence

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The analysis and understanding of the conduct and performance of an industry beginswith a study of its structure. However, before analysing an industry's structure it isnecessary to define the industry and identify its size, scope and scale to establish itstrue economic contribution. This paper discusses the size and scope of the Australianbuilding and construction industry, firstly, from a traditional industry economics approachby firm size and business characteristics using data from three construction industrysurveys done over 15 years by the ABS. Secondly, data from an industry 'cluster'perspective is shown. The objective of the paper is to compare the differences found inindustry size and scope in the structure-conduct-performance approach and thealternative industry cluster approach. Each model reveals different characteristics of theindustry. The conclusion finds that the building and construction industry is a casewhere the traditional structure-conduct-performance model cannot be easily applied.53

  17. Civil engineering project construction in the concrete construction technical analysis%土建施工中混凝土施工技术分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢超禄

    2014-01-01

    土建项目工程不同于其它项目工程的是,它涉及面广、专业多、工程复杂,在土建工程建设中,混凝土施工是被广泛应用的施工方式[1]。混凝土施工技术的好坏直接决定着土建工程项目质量。本文结合一线施工经验,对土建施工建设中的混凝土施工技术做出简要分析,以期待能够为一线土建混凝土有效施工提供参考。%Civil engineering is different from other projects,it is broad,more professional,engineering complex, in the construction of civil engineering,concrete construction is a widely used way of construction.Concrete construction technology is good or bad directly decides the quality of civil engineering projects.At this point,in this paper,the author combined with a line of construction experience,to make a brief analysis of civil engineering construction in the concrete construction technology,hoping to provide reference for civil engineering concrete construction.

  18. Adoption of alternative transport technologies in the construction industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Habets, Thijs; Voordijk, Hans; Sijde, van der Peter

    2006-01-01

    This research examines how the construction industry adopts alternative transport technologies. This paper presents the general characteristics of the adopter and what his perceptions are towards innovative transport technologies. The study focused on four rates of innovation, related tot alternativ

  19. Project and Production Management in the Construction Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Chien-Ho Ko

    2012-01-01

    In this issue, the Journal of Engineering, Project, and Production Management (EPPM-Journal) presents five original research papers related to project and production management in the construction industry from authors in Africa, Asia, and Europe.

  20. Radiation control aspects of the civil construction for a high power free electron laser (FEL) facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dunn, T.; Neil, G.; Stapleton, G.

    1996-12-31

    The paper discusses some of the assumptions and methods employed for the control of ionizing radiation in the specifications for the civil construction of a planned free electron laser facility based on a 200 MeV, 5 mA superconducting recirculation electron accelerator. Consideration is given firstly to the way in which the underlying building configuration and siting aspects were optimized on the basis of the early assumptions of beam loss and radiation goals. The various design requirements for radiation protection are then considered, and how they were folded into an aesthetically pleasing and functional building.

  1. Propaganda and the construction of a war culture in Spain during the Civil War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco SEVILLANO CALERO

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the war propaganda during the Civil War and the first years of the Francoist “New State». Recent work has addressed the construction of the image of the enemy on the basis of the prevailing stereotypes, and how General Franco’s persona was transfigured symbolically through the development of a charismatic image within the rhetoric, rites and liturgies of the ‘New State». This propaganda helped spread a culture of war from 1936 to 1939 and beyond.

  2. Risk management in the construction industry: a new literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renault Berenger Y.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The construction industry is well known as a highly risk prone industry owing to the complexity of its activities and dynamic project environments generating an atmosphere of risks that must be taken into consideration in the decision process. For this reason, we have developed this treatise to elucidate the fundamentals of risk management through a concise new proposal of literature review for risk management in construction. Our explanation of this is venture is that over the years, this area has been acknowledged as a crucial process in the business institutions and the most discussed subject among experts and researchers in the construction sector. We have tried in this report to present the most recent studies considering the impossibility to present all definitions of the concept of risk. This study is mainly a literature review; it looks at the literature relating to the concept of risk, risk management in construction as well as methods used in construction industry.

  3. Collaboration Initiative on Green Construction and Sustainability through Industrialized Buildings Systems (IBS in the Malaysian Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamarul Anuar Mohamad Kamar

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Malaysian Construction Industry has been urged to use innovative construction technique and to shift from traditional practice of brick and mortar to Industrialized Building System (IBS construction. IBS is defined as a construction technique in which components are manufactured in a controlled environment (on or off site, transported, positioned and assembled into a structure with minimal additional site works. On the other hand, the issues of sustainability and green construction have been duly highlighted in the Construction Industry Master Plan (2005 – 2015 as being of significant importance for the Malaysian construction industry. The Malaysian government is also committed to addressing sustainability issues and meeting its target and obligations in this regard. This paper highlights several aspects of IBS that has the potential of contributing to green construction and sustainability. IBS promotes sustainability from controlled production environment, minimization of waste generation, extensive usage of energy efficient building material, effective logistics and long term economic stability which can contribute to better investment in environment technologies. The Construction Research Institute of Malaysia (CREAM, University of Salford and other research institutes in Malaysia will conduct a collaboration Research and Development (R&D initiative on green construction and sustainability trough IBS implementation. From this paper, the authors hope to receive feedbacks, comments and recommendations to improve research aims, objectives, expected deliverables and research methodology.

  4. Reverse logistics in the Brazilian construction industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunes, K R A; Mahler, C F; Valle, R A

    2009-09-01

    In Brazil most Construction and Demolition Waste (C&D waste) is not recycled. This situation is expected to change significantly, since new federal regulations oblige municipalities to create and implement sustainable C&D waste management plans which assign an important role to recycling activities. The recycling organizational network and its flows and components are fundamental to C&D waste recycling feasibility. Organizational networks, flows and components involve reverse logistics. The aim of this work is to introduce the concepts of reverse logistics and reverse distribution channel networks and to study the Brazilian C&D waste case.

  5. Optimization and control methods in industrial engineering and construction

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Xiangyu

    2014-01-01

    This book presents recent advances in optimization and control methods with applications to industrial engineering and construction management. It consists of 15 chapters authored by recognized experts in a variety of fields including control and operation research, industrial engineering, and project management. Topics include numerical methods in unconstrained optimization, robust optimal control problems, set splitting problems, optimum confidence interval analysis, a monitoring networks optimization survey, distributed fault detection, nonferrous industrial optimization approaches, neural networks in traffic flows, economic scheduling of CCHP systems, a project scheduling optimization survey, lean and agile construction project management, practical construction projects in Hong Kong, dynamic project management, production control in PC4P, and target contracts optimization.   The book offers a valuable reference work for scientists, engineers, researchers and practitioners in industrial engineering and c...

  6. Accelerating nano-technological innovation in the Danish construction industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch, Christian; Stissing Jensen, Jens

    2007-01-01

      By viewing the construction industry as a technological innovation system (TIS) this paper discusses possible initiatives to accelerate nanotechnological innovations. The point of departure is a recent report on the application of nano-technology in the Danish construction industry, which...... concludes that opportunities are generally poorly appreciated by the industry and research communities alike. It is found that the construction industry is characterised by low-tech trajectories where dedicated innovation networks are often too fragile for innovations to stabilize and diffuse....... The institutional features of the system are furthermore poorly equipped at identifying potentials within high-tech areas. In order to exploit the potentials of nano-technology it is thus argued that an alternative TIS needs to be established. Initiatives should identify and support "incubation rooms" or marked...

  7. Corruption and internal fraud in the Turkish construction industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunduz, Murat; Önder, Oytun

    2013-06-01

    The purpose of this paper is to develop an understanding about the internal fraud and corruption problem in the Turkish construction industry. The reasons behind the internal fraud and corruption problem as well as the types of prevention methods were investigated; and as a result various recommendations were made. To this end, a risk awareness questionnaire was used to understand the behavioral patterns of the construction industry, and to clarify possible proactive and reactive measures against internal fraud and corruption. The type of fraud experienced by Turkish construction companies was also surveyed in the questionnaire. The questionnaire was sent to 89 firms; and depending on the collected data, certain recommendations for construction industry professionals were provided.

  8. Factors that Influence Female Folk to engage in Building and Civil Engineering Construction Site Work in Nigeria – a case Study of Isoko Women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Osubor (Fniqs, Rqs

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available From early times, building and civil engineering construction has been a male dominated industry. But in today’s contemporary times, the women folk have broken this monotony of male domination. This is evident in the building and engineering industry. Isoko land in the south of Delta State, although women have broken from the stereotype of home keeping into construction, their level of engagement is at the lowest ebb as casual and unskilled workers. This study looks at the factors that encourage female to engage in construction especially at the lowest ebb and the implications for the woman, society, and construction industry. Oral interview methodology was adopted in this study. The response of five local contractors/employers and 60 women interviewed at construction site formed the data for this study. A simple percentage was used to analyze data generated. Findings reveal that poverty and unemployment, lack of education and skill, family responsibility and environmental factors top the reasons. Policies that encourage and make it mandatory for women to progress in education and skill acquisition, provide a future for women in construction and stop discrimination against women will be a step in the right direction. Such policies are recommended.

  9. Various Forms of Project Delay in the Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurbasirah Mohamed Alias

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Project delay can be defined as an incident that causes extended time in order to complete all or part of a particular project successfully. In other words, delay is the time overrun, either ahead of the date for project completion specified by the contract or further than the extensive contract period where an addition of time has been granted. It should be pointed out that the project delay in the construction industry is a universal or large-scale observable fact affecting not only the construction industry but the overall economy of countries too. As far as world construction industry is concerned, project delays are common problems in the construction industries; particularly most common is in the housing development industries. This paper will present different types of project delay that took place around the world. Project delay involves diverse complicated issues all of which are continuously of crucial importance to the parties to the construction contract. These issues concern right to convalesce costs of the project delay or the need to lengthen the project with the considerable right to recovery costs for adjustments to the contract schedules.

  10. Defining an Industry: What is the Size and Scope of the Australian Building and Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerard de Valence

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This is a reprint from Vol 1, no 1, which has not previously been available in electronic format. The analysis and understanding of the conduct and performance of an industry begins with a study of its structure. However, before analysing an industry's structure it is necessary to define the industry and identify its size, scope and scale to establish its true economic contribution. This paper discusses the size and scope of the Australian building and construction industry, firstly froma traditional industry economics approach by firm size and business characteristics using data fron three construction industry surveys done over 15 years by the ABS. Secondly, data from an industry 'cluster' perspective is shown. The objective of the paper is to compare the differences found in industry size and scope in the structure-conduct-performance approach and the alternative industry cluster approach. Each model reveals different characteristics of the industry. The conclusion finds that the building and construction industry is a case where the traditional structure-conduct-performance model cannot be easily applied.

  11. Defining an Industry: What is the Size and Scope of the Australian Building and Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerard de Valence

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This is a reprint from Vol 1, no 1, which has not previously been available in electronic format.The analysis and understanding of the conduct and performance of an industry begins with a study of its structure. However, before analysing an industry's structure it is necessary to define the industry and identify its size, scope and scale to establish its true economic contribution. This paper discusses the size and scope of the Australian building and construction industry, firstly froma traditional industry economics approach by firm size and business characteristics using data fron three construction industry surveys done over 15 years by the ABS. Secondly, data from an industry 'cluster' perspective is shown. The objective of the paper is to compare the differences found in industry size and scope in the structure-conduct-performance approach and the alternative industry cluster approach. Each model reveals different characteristics of the industry. The conclusion finds that the building and construction industry is a case where the traditional structure-conduct-performance model cannot be easily applied. 

  12. Research on the Construction of Food Industrial Correlation Network Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Zhenlei

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available As the objective existence of economy, the relational and spatial structure of Industrial correlation not only determines the quality and level of economic growth, but is regarded as the important source of gaining competitive advantages. Based on the input-output model and network model of food industry, this study focuses on the method and application of the construction of food industrial correlation network model. Analyzing the connotation of food industrial correlation, the article finds the way to describe it with graphs. What’s more, these graphs and network theory are used to design the index coefficient of industrial correlation to show the food industrial correlation and its structure feature.

  13. Finding Political Opportunities: Civil Society, Industrial Power, and the Governance of Nanotechnology in the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Lamprou

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The European Union encourages and institutionalizes participation by environmental, consumer, and labor organizations in the governance of nanotechnology. Interviews with leaders of the civil society organizations (CSOs show that they identified multiple problems with nanotechnology policy but had only limited success in gaining the changes that they sought. CSO leaders explain their lack of success as due to the overwhelming power of industry and the support of the European Commission for new industrial development, including nanotechnology. We analyze the perspectives of CSO leaders about their difficulties to develop the theory of the political opportunity structure in the situation of a highly scientized policy field with strong industrial monitoring. We suggest the need to extend the theory to pay more attention to the strategies that reformers can use to maneuver in and to open a relatively closed political opportunity structure. We argue that formal stakeholder engagement is not very effective and suggest instead the importance of the following: building coalitions with government actors, threatening or mobilizing grassroots mobilization, making the issue salient to the public, and pursuing the full range of institutional repertoires.

  14. Evaluation of IT in the Danish Construction Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andresen, Jan Lambrecht

    1999-01-01

    How are companies in the Danish construction industry identifying the value achieved by investing in and using information technology (IT)? This question has become more important and is the subject of this paper.The construction industry has characteristics which may have some influence on how...... to be in some degree dependent on company size. Several companies in the survey conduct evaluation of some IT investments, but often using informal procedures. However very few companies do post-implementation evaluation of IT, and this fact may make them unable to identify the success of their IT investments...

  15. Resource-Driven Scheduling Implementation in Malaysian Construction Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Aftab Hameed Memon; Rosli Mohammad Zin

    2011-01-01

    Resource-driven scheduling techniques focus on resource. Their objective is to schedule activities so that a project dead line is met using predefined resource availability limits. This paper reports about the status of resource-driven scheduling implementation in Malaysian construction industry. An investigation Survey was conducted to determine the level of resource-driven scheduling and factors affecting the concerned implementation. Construction Firm registered under G7 (A Class), G6 (B c...

  16. Determinants of Distribution Logistics in the Construction Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bukova, Bibiana; Brumercikova, Eva; Kondek, Pavol

    2017-01-01

    Global business is currently still influenced by the economic crisis and the economic development in each country of the EU. The construction sector is among the most affected sectors of the national economies. The production of building material is a part of the construction industry. Several companies of this sector in the European Union use business logistics effectively. The overall efficiency of the company is influenced by many various external and internal determinants, especially the distribution logistics.

  17. Facilitating Industrial Placement in the Construction Engineering Curriculum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wandahl, Søren; Ussing, Lene Faber

    2016-01-01

    for the program to facilitate the industrial placement effectively. How to do so is investigated through a large survey among student that has finalized an internship scheme. The sample size consists of entries. Guidance on how to facilitate internship most effectively pre, per and post scheme is outlined......There is often a claim that there is a disconnection between theory and practice, which raises questions on student’s readiness for employment and the extent that higher education responds effectively to the evolving needs of the construction industry. Industrial placements schemes can facilitate...

  18. Potential uses of Waste Sludge in Construction Industry: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.A. Johnson

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Waste generation and management is becoming a global challenge resulting into increased environmental concern. Waste management and recycle into a sustainable construction materials as proved to be an alternative for waste disposal helping out in the area of environmental pollution and economic. In recent years various type of waste has been used/reused in the development of sustainable construction materials. This study reviews various attempts that have been made to use sludge from different plants in construction industry. The mechanical and physical properties of the products, the environmental effect of the products and possible recommendations for future research was presented in the review.

  19. Sustainable Industrialization in the Building Industry: On the Road to Energy Efficient Construction Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wandahl, Søren; Ussing, Lene Faber

    2013-01-01

    in this discussion paper. The main method is a review to track past merits in the two domains and to detect knowledge gaps that have research potential. A strategic research agenda focusing on energy-efficient construction management is outlined showing the need for future focus on combining industrialization......Since the Brundtland report in 1987, sustainability has been an issue in all parts of the world, and the focus is increasing in these years. In the same period, the building industry has in the same period also been under heavy pressure to increase productivity in the same pace as other...... in construction management with sustainability and energy concerns in construction management....

  20. AUTHORITY OF SELF-REGULATING ORGANIZATIONS IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Любовь Борисовна Ситдикова

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the legal means of self-control in the construction industry. It was revealed that the mandatory requirements for the self-regulatory organization controlling quality of its work and its technical regulations applied are not considered by current legislation. The author suggests possible solutions to this problem.

  1. An Assessment of Drug Testing within the Construction Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerber, Jonathan K.; Yacoubian, George S., Jr.

    2002-01-01

    Investigates the efficacy of workplace drug-testing programs in reducing injury incident rates and workers' compensation experience-rating modification factors within the construction industry. Analyses indicate that companies with drug-testing programs experienced a 51 percent reduction in incident rates within two years of implementation.…

  2. The impact of internationalization and diversification on construction industry performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Horta, Isabel M.; Kapelko, Magdalena; Oude Lansink, Alfons; Camanho, Ana S.

    2016-01-01

    This paper investigates the impact of internationalization and diversification strategies on the financial performance of construction industry companies. The results obtained can guide the design of strategies to pursue company growth and achieve competitive advantage. The evaluation of companie

  3. Revaluering benchmarking - A topical theme for the construction industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Grane Mikael Gregaard

    2011-01-01

    Over the past decade, benchmarking has increasingly gained foothold in the construction industry. The predominant research, perceptions and uses of benchmarking are valued so strongly and uniformly, that what may seem valuable, is actually abstaining researchers and practitioners from studying an...... organizational relations, behaviors and actions. In closing it is briefly considered how to study the calculative practices of benchmarking....

  4. The construction industry has to focus on the Internet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Lars Schiøtt; Balogh, Andre

    1997-01-01

    The construction industries needs to follow the developments on the computing scene is discussed. A proposal to separate information relevant for the building sector into three areas are described. Further it is described how this information can be accessed during new technology, especially...... the Internet. An "extra-net" on the Internet combined with an user friendly GUI is described as a possibility....

  5. The Unidentified Value of IT in the Construction Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andresen, Jan Lambrecht

    2000-01-01

    A questionnaire survey was completed in spring1999 about the evaluation of IT in the Danish construction industry. This paper presents some of the results found in the analysis of the survey. It is found that few companies have a written IT strategy and in those who have, the practicality...

  6. 生态文明建设的科学内涵与基本路径%Ecological Civilization Construction:Scientific Connotation and Basic Paths

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷树忠; 胡咏君; 周洪

    2013-01-01

    生态文明建设是我国今后发展的重要方向、重大领域和重大任务.在十八大报告提出“大力推进生态文明建设”的基础上,从人与自然的关系、生态文明与现代文明的关系、生态文明与时代发展的关系三个方面系统阐释了生态文明建设的科学内涵,并从建设主体、建设地域、建设内容、建设手段四个方面,构建生态文明建设的分类体系.对生态文明建设的基本路径进行设计,明确生态文明建设的目标和依据,提出生态文明建设的四条基本路径,其中资源保护与节约是生态文明建设的重中之重,环境保护与治理是生态文明建设的关键所在,生态保护与修复为生态文明建设提供重要载体,国土开发与保护是生态文明建设的空间规制.最后从全民参与、科学规划和制度创新三个方面针对基本路径提出生态文明建设的具体政策建议.%Ecological civilization construction is a major direction, a key field and an important mission of Chinese future development. Some academics studied on the concept, feature and status of ecological civilization, which are mainly surrounded the theory but provide few values for the practices. Under the background of the 18th (the Communist Party of China) CPC national Congress proposing "Promote the construction of ecological civilization", this paper systematically expounds the scientific connotation of ecological civilization from three kinds of relations: man and nature, ecological civilization and modern civilization, ecological civilization and development. Then it constructs the classification system of ecological civilization construction from four aspects: body, area, content and means. The body of ecological civilization construction includes the governments, the entrepreneurs, the families, NGOs and mixed bodies. The area of ecological civilization construction is divided into five levels: global scale, national scale, district

  7. Study on the Construction of Eco-security System in China under the Ecological Civilization Concept——Based on the Ecological Civilization Construction in Qingzhen City of Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The construction of eco-security system was a complicated systematic project, included the comprehensive construction and collaborative propulsion of eco-environment system, eco-economy system, eco-culture system, eco-society system and eco-law system. The comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development of ecology, economy and society only could be achieved under the guidance of ecological civilization concept by the integrated consideration, comprehensive planning and multi-coordination.

  8. Approaching safety in the Swedish and Danish construction industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grill, Martin; Grytnes, Regine; Törner, Marianne

    2015-01-01

    Background: Persistent high accident rates in the construction industry motivate research to improve the understanding of underlying factors affecting safety behaviour and safety outcomes. The Scandinavian countries of Sweden and Denmark are culturally similar but with a considerable difference...... industry. The transcripts were analysed using semantic thematic analysis. Results: Seven safety related themes were distinguished, conveying safety culture differences between Swedish and Danish construction industry concerning: participatory or directive management; challenge or obey; compliance or non......-compliance; cooperation or conflict; caution or cockiness; planning management; and employment security. Interconnections between the thematic areas revealed patterns of interaction between managers and employees, interpreted as process models of participatory and directive safety cultures. Conclusion: This study...

  9. The Need for Professionalism and Competencies in the Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adebiyi John Oladotun

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The quantity surveyors, in the present day construction industry, analyze cost components of a construction project in a scientific way and applies the results of the analysis to a variety of financial and economic problems confronting the developer and the designer. However, competence, in any sphere of work, can be a difficult concept to pin down, especially, when it relates to professional occupations where such roles are complex and involved diverse professionals in the built environment sector. This paper aims to investigate the competencies of quantity surveyors in the discharge of its professional duties by evaluating the effects of professional competency on quantity surveying practices in Nigeria. The study population comprised professional quantity surveyors who are in the private construction/consulting firms in Lagos State, Nigeria. Data were obtained to investigate the professional views on the quantity surveying profession, the roles of quantity surveyors in the construction industry and the need for professionalism and competencies in the surveying industry. Questionnaires were administered to randomly select 200 practicing quantity surveyors in Lagos state. Findings revealed that the major role of quantity surveyors in the construction industry is the preparation of the bill of quantity as it ranked 1st with RII value of 1.00; it was also discovered that quantity surveyors were in agreement with client service delivery as the first ethical standard that construction professionals should consider when performing their professional obligations in order to avoid project failure and over-cost. It is therefore recommended that the professional bodies and the academia should organize proper and adequate service trainings, workshops and seminars which will enhance the possibility of acquiring more skills and experience so as to improve competence in the discharge of quantity surveyors professional duties.

  10. Selection of procurement systems in the South African construction industry: An exploratory study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. D. Thwala

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of this paper: Procurement systems are vital in ensuring the successful implementation of construction projects precisely in all the phases of any particular project. Therefore, this paper aims to investigate in a systematic manner the factors that influence the selection of a procurement system in the South African construction industry. Research methodology: An extensive theory and literature review of procurement systems was conducted. The literature reviewed included a sample of case studies of procurement systems successfully implemented in completed building and civil engineering projects in South Africa. A questionnaire using a four-round Delphi survey method was used to conduct the empirical study in order to obtain participants' opinions about factors influencing the selection of procurement systems as well as the utility value of various procurement systems on each factor as identified. Finally, data analysis of both qualitative and quantitative techniques was performed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS. Findings: After qualitative analysis, findings of the literature reviewed suggest that factors that influence the selection of procurement systems cut across all the phases of the project as identified in this paper. Therefore, these factors are categorically classified into internal and external factors. Factors from the internal environment were further classified into client characteristics and project characteristics, with client characteristics comprising of variables such as clients' level of knowledge and control, political and social consideration, familiarity of procurement systems, competition, funding arrangement, government public/private sector projects and risk allocation whereas project characteristics comprise of factors (variables such as size and technical complexity of the project, influence of the project life cycle, expedited project delivery, time, quality and price certainty. Factors

  11. An analysis on ecological civilization construction in Gansu based on a quantified SWOT framework

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiLi Li; HongLang Xiao; SongBing Zou; Juan Ren

    2014-01-01

    Ecological civilization (EC) construction has become one of the key elements of China’s reform and development process, since it was put forward at the 17th National People’s Congress (NPC) in 2007 and improved at the 18th NPC in 2012, and stressed at the third plenary session of the 18th NPC. The provincial areas are the most important pilot units of EC strategy. Therefore, research on EC at the provincial level can meet the practical demand for EC in China. Based on the existing provincial circumstances in Gansu and its significant position as an ecological barrier in northwestern China, and aiming at the core issue of why and how to build EC in Gansu, this paper employs SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats) analysis, the Delphi method, and a combined quantitative analysis and coordinate method, and then calculates the relevant strategic orientation angle (θ=1.4605) and strength coefficient (ρ=0.53). The results show that Gansu should take an opportunities-dominated strategy, and choose opportunity-strength measures, so the province can increase its in-ternal strengths and decrease its weaknesses with external opportunities. Specific measures are recommended to actively promote an EC construction strategy.

  12. Desenvolvimento de argamassas microporosas para a construção civil Development of microporous mortar for the civil construction

    OpenAIRE

    M. A. Coimbra; Morelli,M.R.

    1999-01-01

    Esse trabalho consistiu na obtenção e estudo de uma argamassa de peso leve para o uso na construção civil através da adição combinada, de aditivos formadores de microporosidade, mais a utilização de cargas que incorporam resíduos industriais. A técnica vem sendo recentemente apontada como uma promissora alternativa para a construção de estruturas leves, onde o compromisso da resistência mecânica aliada às ações ambientais, tais como degradações físico-químicas provocadas por intemperismo, não...

  13. Quality Cost in the Construction Industry ' Preliminary Findings in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukhtar Che Ali

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the key areas being emphasis in ISO 9001 Quality Management System (QMS is performance measurement towards continual improvement. Among the primary measuring tools is quality cost approach. Quality cost has been well practice in manufacturing sector but slowly gain its importance in construction industry. In fact Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK has reckoned quality cost as one of the tool and technique in few of its management processes. In view of such circumstances that has prompted an effort to undertake a study to ascertain the level of knowledge and practice on quality cost in Malaysian construction landscape. The targeted group of respondents was the personnel in the project management team. Capitalizing Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB National Electronic Tendering Initiatives (NETI road shows which were held in year 2007 throughout the country, the author was able to garner 263 respondents representing the project management team. Subsequently the data gathered from the completed forms were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS software. General findings indicated that the level of knowledge and practice on quality cost among the project management team were relatively low. One of the main contributing factors was poor knowledge in the area related to quality cost. Despite of such scenario most of the respondents showed their interest in acquiring knowledge in the field of quality cost. Hence quality cost approach is at the infancy stage in Malaysian construction industry.

  14. Implementation of building information modeling in Malaysian construction industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Memon, Aftab Hameed; Rahman, Ismail Abdul; Harman, Nur Melly Edora

    2014-10-01

    This study has assessed the implementation level of Building Information Modeling (BIM) in the construction industry of Malaysia. It also investigated several computer software packages facilitating BIM and challenges affecting its implementation. Data collection for this study was carried out using questionnaire survey among the construction practitioners. 95 completed forms of questionnaire received against 150 distributed questionnaire sets from consultant, contractor and client organizations were analyzed statistically. Analysis findings indicated that the level of implementation of BIM in the construction industry of Malaysia is very low. Average index method employed to assess the effectiveness of various software packages of BIM highlighted that Bentley construction, AutoCAD and ArchiCAD are three most popular and effective software packages. Major challenges to BIM implementation are it requires enhanced collaboration, add work to a designer, interoperability and needs enhanced collaboration. For improving the level of implementing BIM in Malaysian industry, it is recommended that a flexible training program of BIM for all practitioners must be created.

  15. Urban BIPV in the new residential construction industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elzinga, D.

    2008-03-15

    This report for the International Energy Agency (IEA) made by Task 10 of the Photovoltaic Power Systems (PVPS) programme takes a look at urban building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) in the new residential construction industry. The mission of the Photovoltaic Power Systems Programme is to enhance the international collaboration efforts which accelerate the development and deployment of photovoltaic solar energy. The aim of Task 10 is stated as being to enhance the opportunities for wide-scale, solution-oriented application of photovoltaics in the urban environment. The report states that different types of building require different approaches to BIPV due to their associated varying dimensions and geometry. Several solutions are proposed to encourage the adoption and diffusion of BIPV by the new home residential building industry. These are divided into PV industry-based approaches and policy-based solutions. The former include end-customer focused policies, the identification of early adopters, the creation of product solutions that meet the needs of the building industry and standards and that the construction industry must be engaged in the design and planning stage of residential developments. Policy questions discussed include the provision of incentives, a planned approach to the demonstration of BIPV and the development of BIPV-specific policy.

  16. Transport and handling of construction materials in the hard coal mining industry and tunnel construction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bartsch, Stephan [Olko-Maschinentechnik GmbH, Olfen (Germany)

    2008-08-21

    In the German hard coal mining industry construction materials with the most diverse compositions are required for various applications. The largest proportion of the materials is required for the construction of roadside packs and for the backfilling of roadways because of the ever increasing depths and the resulting rock mechanical problems. Over the last 30 years handling, transport and processing systems have been developed to cope with these quantities of materials and to avoid further loads on the shaft hoisting installation. Nowadays these systems are standardised and are characterised by mobility, flexibility, small space requirement and the latest control engineering. This applies in particular to pneumatic and hydraulic transport and distribution of the construction materials. In future all mines will monitor and control all installations above and below ground from a central control room. The methods developed in the mining industry are also successfully used in tunnel and underground railway construction. (orig.)

  17. - Construction Workers’ Satisfaction with Work Provision Requirement Dimensions in Ghana’s Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humphrey Danso

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper, sought to empirically assess and analyze workers’ satisfaction with different dimensions of work provision requirement of the construction industry in Ghana. It involved a cross-sectional survey that used a self-administered structured questionnaire administered to five hundred respondents of building construction workers. The findings indicate that though workers are satisfied with some work provision requirement dimension items significantly, most of the workers are very dissatisfied with working environment and work benefit of the work provision requirement in Ghana. The management of construction firms in Ghana and policy makers are called upon to focus and redirect attention and effort to ensuring that work provision requirement that workers are dissatisfied with are improved significantly to meet workers expectations. The paper contributes to the general body of knowledge in the area of workers’ satisfaction in developing countries particularly in Ghana’s construction industry. Theoretical and managerial implications are discussed.

  18. Various Forms of Project Delay in the Construction Industry

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Project delay can be defined as an incident that causes extended time in order to complete all or part of a particular project successfully. In other words, delay is the time overrun, either ahead of the date for project completion specified by the contract or further than the extensive contract period where an addition of time has been granted. It should be pointed out that the project delay in the construction industry is a universal or large-scale observable fact affectin...

  19. The shift green challenges of Hong Kong construction industry

    OpenAIRE

    Kwan, Shuk-wai; 關淑慧

    2013-01-01

    Recognizing that green construction industry has begun to notify recently among Hong Kong citizens; people begin to concern about the environment protection practices in daily life. The government has introduced the green building development since 1996, however, the development and policy do not mature enough as other developed countries. The Hong Kong green development is lagging behind. In the context of this research will focus on the following objectives: i) to review the current status ...

  20. Are Innovations Being Created or Adopted in the Construction Industry? Exploring Innovation in the Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nor’Aini Yusof

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The recent debate on innovation within an organizational setting has shifted focus toward discussing whether innovation is being adopted or being created. This shift is due to the failure of many innovation efforts and the fact that for each innovation creation or innovation adoption, different skills, resources, and cultures are needed to encourage each innovation. The objective of this article is to explore the type of innovation implemented by the construction participants. A conceptual model of innovation creation and innovation adoption was developed using four criteria: by justification of new ideas, by purposes, by activities involved, and by nature. Face-to-face questionnaires were conducted with developers, consulting firms, and contractors in Penang, Malaysia. The data were analyzed using descriptive analysis. Factor analysis was used to classify the innovation creation and innovation adoption. The results show that the construction participants in Malaysia are categorized as an innovation adopter. This result provides better understanding about the type of innovation implemented by the construction participants, in particular the contractors and the consulting firms. The results could also be used as a foundation for conducting future research to identify appropriate skills, knowledge, culture, and resources for such innovations.

  1. Physical and Mechanical Characterization of Sugarcane Bagasse Particleboards for Civil Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosane Battistelle

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In the worldwide market of particleboard production, the use of alternative raw materials is increasing, due to high demand and lack of traditional raw material, despite efforts of reforestation. In Brazil, the main agricultural commodity is sugarcane due to the copious production of sugar and ethanol. In the state of São Paulo alone approximately 140 million tons of sugarcane bagasse are produced every year, from which around 70% is burned for energy production, not adding value to the residue and generating pollution to the environment; and the other 30% is sold for composting. The objective of this work is to add value to the sugarcane bagasse by using it as a raw material for particleboard production to be employed as flooring in the area of civil construction. To achieve this, the present research characterized the physical and mechanical characteristics of the particleboards with the following alternative raw materials: sugarcane bagasse and leaves of bamboo. Particleboards were produced to reach high density (0.8g/cm3 using the resin (bi-component polyurethane castor oil. Tests for abrasion, roughness and resistance to denting and wear (Janka hardness verified that the addition of leaves of bamboo in the mixtures, contrary to what was expected, did not confer a greater degree of resistance to the particleboards. Lastly, the results showed that sugarcane bagasse is a viable raw material alternative for the production of particleboards, intended to be used as products and flooring.

  2. Facilitating Industrial Placement in the Construction Engineering Curriculum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wandahl, Søren; Faber, Lene

    2016-01-01

    student learning from construction practice whereby students can reflect on their learning experience at the university. The interplay between traditional engineering curriculum and the context based learning is important for securing the right skills and competencies among the graduates. This paper takes...... outset in the hypothesis that external effectiveness (industry readiness) is better in those modes of education that, at least in part, are based on the world of work itself, and several sources highlight the necessity of strong links between engineering education and industry. Hence, it becomes central...... for the program to facilitate the industrial placement effectively. How to do so is investigated through a large survey among student that has finalized an internship scheme. The sample size consists of entries. Guidance on how to facilitate internship most effectively pre, per and post scheme is outlined...

  3. Selim v Lele and the civil (industrial) conscription prohibition: constitutional protection against federal legislation controlling or privatising Australian public hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faunce, Thomas

    2008-08-01

    Selim v Lele (2008) 167 FCR 61; [2008] FCAFC 13 was a decision of the Federal Court which interpreted s 51(xxiiiA) of the Australian Constitution. This section accords the federal government, among other things, power to make laws with respect to the provision of "medical and dental services (but not so as to authorise any form of civil conscription)". The Federal Court decided that the phrase "civil conscription" was analogous to "industrial conscription". In that sense the Federal Court held that the prohibition was designed to preserve the employment autonomy of Australian medical practitioners or dentists, preventing federal laws that required them, either expressly or by practical compulsion, to work for the federal government or any industrial employer nominated or permitted by the federal government. The specific question in Selim v Lele was whether the imposition of standards and prohibition of "inappropriate practice" under the Health Insurance Act 1973 (Cth), ss 10, 20, 20A and Pt VAA, amounted to civil conscription. The court held they did not. The Federal Court also discussed in that context the sufficiency of "practical compulsion" in relation to the s 51(xxxiiiA) prohibition, The constitutional prohibition on "any form" of civil conscription provides one of the few rights protections in the Australian Constitution and may have an important role to play in shaping the limits of health care system privatisation in Australia.

  4. Project Culture in the Chinese Construction Industry: Perceptions of Contractors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian Zou

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In recent years culture has become one of the most studied topicsin project management research. Some studies have investigatedthe infl uence of culture at different levels – such as nationalculture, industry culture, organisational culture and professionalculture. As a project-based industry, the construction industryneeds to have more insight concerning cultural issues at theproject level and their infl uence on the performance of constructionprojects. Few studies, however, have focused on culture at theproject level. This paper uses a questionnaire survey to determinethe perceptions of Chinese contractors about the impact of projectculture on the performance of local construction projects. This isaugmented by a series of in-depth interviews with senior executivemanagers in the industry. The fi ndings indicate that specifi c projectculture does contribute signifi cantly towards project outcomes.In particular, goal orientation and fl exibility, as two dimensionsof project culture, have a negative statistical correlation withperceived satisfaction of the process, commercial success, futurebusiness opportunities, lessons learnt from the project, satisfactionwith the relationships, and overall performance. This paper alsoindicates that the affordability of developing an appropriate projectculture is a major concern for industry practitioners.

  5. Strategies for Minimizing Corruption in the Construction Industry in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick X.W. Zou

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Corruption is a social phenomenon deep rooted in the history of mankind. It is similar to other kinds of crime which are likely to occur in procurement of works by governments and local authorities, due to the large amount of money involved in a single transaction and the difficulty in monitoring project expenditure. Therefore, it is necessary to develop strategies to minimize any corruption risks and corrupt behaviour in procurement of construction projects. The aim of this paper is to review the current corruption prevention practices in China’s construction industry and suggest ways for improvement. To collect useful and insightful information, desktop studies, focus-group workshops and face-to-face interviews were conducted with supervisory and construction officers at different levels – state, province and municipal in China, who have direct responsibilities and experience in cracking down construction corruption. It was found that corruption happens in different forms during any stage of construction project procurement, and the current anti-corrupt practices are reactive rather than proactive. It was also found that improvements on the legal system, inspection strategies and processes, and promotion of ethical culture are all required. Based on the research findings, corruption prevention strategies were developed. The paper concludes that institution of random and regular checks, severe punishment and prosecution to corrupt personnel, and promotion of a healthy and clean construction culture are all necessary to mitigate the scourge.

  6. Driving Innovative Thinking in the New Zealand Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammadali Noktehdan

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the relationship between innovation and productivity improvement in the construction industry. It is argued that this relationship is not well understood due to lack of in-depth understanding of innovation in construction. To overcome this obstacle, the authors present a multi-dimensional innovation classification system which aims at better defining and classifying what is meant by innovation in construction. The use of this classification system is demonstrated by applying it to a database of 500 innovations reported by the construction alliance, the Stronger Christchurch Infrastructure Rebuild Team. The results clearly demonstrate the diversity of types, degree of novelty and performance improvement benefits among construction innovations. Such diversity means that the impact of the reported innovations on productivity and performance are of different levels of significance. The classification system developed in this study can be used by construction organisations and alliances in the future to develop more detailed methods of calculating innovation performance indicators, based on the innovation type, novelty and benefits factors. By using this system, they can also put in place mechanisms to influence the types of innovation developed in their projects with the aim of maximising their productivity performance.

  7. Constructing Learning: Adversarial and Collaborative Working in the British Construction Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishop, Dan; Felstead, Alan; Fuller, Alison; Jewson, Nick; Unwin, Lorna; Kakavelakis, Konstantinos

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines two competing systems of work organisation in the British construction industry and their consequences for learning. Under the traditional "adversarial" system, conflict, hostility and litigation between contractors are commonplace. Such a climate actively militates against collective learning and knowledge sharing between…

  8. The development of public and private construction procurement systems in the Malaysian construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mastura Jaafar

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available As demand on building construction projects rises, various procurement methods have been adapted to suit with unique project requirements. However, poor industry performance and rapid developments within it indicate the need for a research on the procurement systems in the industry. In order to explore the development of procurement systems in Malaysia, a discussion on different economic phases which influence the routes of procurement systems and its evolution in Malaysia's construction industry is initiated. Subsequently, based on a questionnaire survey collected from 73 public and 68 private parties, the significant and dominant role of traditional procurement system used by both the public and private sectors in Malaysia can be confirmed. Further, compared to the public sector, the private sector is observed to be more aggressive in adapting alternative systems such as design and build (D&B and Turnkey. Further elaboration on the research findings is covered in the discussion section.

  9. Convergence, Creative Industries and Civil Society Towards a New Agenda for Cultural Policy and Cultural Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colin Mercer

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article I start with a personal experience "cameo" from 1996 in Australia and extrapolate from that some issues that remain relevant in the sometimes trou-bled relationship between cultural studies and cultural policy. These are encapsu-lated in the three "cs" of convergence, creative industries and civil society which provide a new context for both new research and new policy settings. The argu-ment is developed and situated in historical terms by examining the "cultural technologies", especially the newspaper, and subsequently print media in the 19th century, electronic media in the 20th century and digital media in the 21st century which provide the content, the technologies and the rituals for "imagining" our sense of place and belonging. This is then linked to ways of understanding culture and cultural technologies in the context of governmentality and the emergence of culture as a strategic object of policy with the aim of citizen- and population for-mation and management. This argument is then linked to four contemporary "testbeds" - cultural mapping and planning, cultural statistics and indicators, cul-tural citizenship and identity, and research of and for cultural policy - and priori-ties for cultural policy where cultural studies work has been extremely enabling and productive. The article concludes with an argument, derived from the early 20th century work of Patrick Geddes of the necessity of linking, researching, un-derstanding and operationalising the three key elements and disciplines of Folk (anthropology, Work (economics, and Place (geography in order to properly situate cultural policy, mapping and planning and their relationship to cultural studies and other disciplines.

  10. SAFETY PERFORMANCE OF SUBCONTRACTORS IN THE PALESTINIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adnan Enshassi

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Subcontractors perform most of the construction works and their effect on industry are apparent in different activities of construction. Therefore, subcontractors need more attention from government and contractors union. The aim of this paper is to identify, evaluate, and rank factors that influence safety performance of subcontractors in the Gaza Strip (Palestine according to their relative importance. The study concluded that reported accident rates will decrease among subcontractors and their workers if new workers are trained well in the work site and they are informed about dangerous places, and if a workable safety plan is well preplanned. The results also showed that reported accident rates increased among subcontractors when using old, unsafe equipment and due to the complexity or difficulty in the construction sites features. Owners and general contractors need to stipulate strict clauses for safety in the contract for improving safety record of subcontractors. Construction workers must receive proper job related safety and health training with a safety logbook. It is recommended that the subcontractors and workers should attend continuing safety programs on regular basis as part of their perquisite to work in construction sites.

  11. Analysis of Project Success Criteria in the Nigerian Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oluwaseun Sunday Dosumu

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper examined the relative importance of the project success criteria in the Nigerian construction industry. It also determined the correlation among the project success criteria. Based on the literatures reviewed, the study proposed a framework for measuring project success in the construction industry. The respondents for the study were the government, private clients, consultants and contractors. Three hundred copies of questionnaires were distributed to capture data on the subject, but only 86 were returned and used for the study. The paper captured respondents that are resident in Lagos state, Nigeria and chosen by convenience from selected organizations used for the study. The data were analysed with SPSS 16 through the use of frequencies, mean scores, factor analysis and correlation. Factor analysis was employed because the mean scores showed that all the project success criteria were at least important. Nine principal components were finally merged into 4 through the factor analysis using the Varimax rotation with Keiser normalization. The study found out that all the project success criteria were important but their level of importance differs according to the factor analysis carried out. Therefore, it was concluded that there are four major components of construction project success in Nigeria- user-related factors, professionals’ factors, organisational factors and other minor factors. The minor factors were found to be related to both organizations and projects but were not highly rated by respondents for determining construction project success. The study also concludes that project success criteria goes beyond meeting cost, time and quality target, it includes users’ satisfaction, professionals’ fulfilment and achievement of organizational goals. The recommendation of the study was that for construction projects to be successful, attention must be paid to users’ related factors, professionals’ factors and

  12. Inquiry on civil construction technology points of building engineering%建筑工程土建施工技术要点探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵成学

    2015-01-01

    依照建筑工程土建的施工要求,简单的总结了建筑工程土建施工的关键技术要点,主要包括混凝土施工、钢筋施工、砖砌筑施工、防水施工、模板施工五方面内容,以期达到提升建筑工程土建施工技术性能的目的。%According to civil construction demands of building engineering,the paper briefly summarizes critical civil construction technology points of building engineering,which mainly includes concrete construction,steel construction,brick masonry construction,waterproofing construc-tion and template construction,with a view to achieve the goal of improving civil construction technology performance of building engineering.

  13. Job Prospects for Civil Engineers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basta, Nicholas

    1985-01-01

    Government programs and renewed industrial activity have combined with stable enrollments to create bright job prospects for civil engineers. Areas with good opportunities include highway reconstruction and rehabilitation, water-resource management, and new factory construction. The subspecialty of structural engineering has a growing need in…

  14. The Development and Use of Economic Value concerning Urban Landscape Plants in Shijiazhuang City in the Context of Ecological Civilization Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chenxia; HAN

    2015-01-01

    Many landscape plants have edible,medicinal,forage,industrial and other economic value,which has not been fully exploited.Effective development and utilization of the economic value of city landscape plant,conforms to the need of sustainable development and economical society,which is of great significance to the development of urban ecological civilization construction. In this paper,the landscape plant species in Shijiazhuang City and their economic value are investigated and analyzed,the principle and scheme of economic development and utilization of landscape plants in Shijiazhuang city value are put forward,which provides the reference for full and sustainable utilization of landscape plant resources in Shijiazhuang City.

  15. 从主体性到主体间性:关于生态文明建设的哲学思考%From Subjectivity to Intersubjectivity:Philosophical Reflections on Construction of Ecological Civilization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷扬

    2011-01-01

    Ecological civilization is a new civilization concept proposed when our country faced problems in the industrial civilization construction. Subjectivity philosophy of subject and object is the basic philosophy for in dustry civilization, which causes isolation and ecological crisis of human relations. Therefore, the ecological civilization construction must change to a new kind of guiding philosophy, called intersubjectivity philosophy, which is the philosophy about subjects with equal status, such as one and another, human and nature. The ecological civilization construction in China, guided by intersubjectivity philosophy, enriches and develops the theory of Marxism and also reinforces international dialogues and cooperation in this field.%生态文明是我国面对工业文明建设中的问题而提出的一个全新的文明理念。主客体二分的主体性哲学是工业文明的哲学基础,它导致了人际关系的疏离和生态危机。因此,生态文明建设必须转向一种新的指导哲学——主体间性哲学,即我与他者之间、人与自然之间是平等主体的哲学。以主体间性哲学为指导进行我国的生态文明建设,既是对马克思主义理论的丰富和发展,又有着丰富的本土资源,还可加强此方面的国际对话与合作。

  16. Program package for constructing analytical models of industrial robots

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vukobratovich, M.; Kirchanskiy, N.

    Complex multidimensional nonlinear dynamic systems are controlled with the use of control computers differing in their complexity, from large ones at the level of the modeling of the dynamics of the system and synthesis of the control algorithm to microcomputers directly controlling the system. One of the main decisive problems in controlling an industrial robot is the generation of a dynamic on-line model. For this purpose, a separate microcomputer or several computers operating in the multiprocessor mode are used. The existing methods of robot dynamics simulation which are based on the equations of Newton-Euler, Lagrange and others require a large number of numerical operations and they cannot be realized in real time: the time spent on the construction of a model is several times greater than that acceptable for the computer. This is explained by the following factors: complexity of the mathematical model, the use of a high-level language for programming, the desire to construct an algorithm of a general kind, which leads to high redundancy of numerical operations; the use of recursion relations, which excludes the possibility of performing parallel operations during the realization in a computer. Special characteristics of the construction of a program system which is to a considerable degree free of the above drawbacks is considered below. Instead of directly constructing a model in the numerical form on the basis of one of the approaches of classical mechanics, the concept of constructing a model in symbols is proposed here. It is possible to show that in this way it is possible to obtain a compact mathematical model which requires fewer numerical operations (multiplication, addition) for its realization by two orders in comparison with the methods used earlier. 9 references, 2 tables.

  17. Resource-Driven Scheduling Implementation in Malaysian Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aftab Hameed Memon

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Resource-driven scheduling techniques focus on resource. Their objective is to schedule activities so that a project dead line is met using predefined resource availability limits. This paper reports about the status of resource-driven scheduling implementation in Malaysian construction industry. An investigation Survey was conducted to determine the level of resource-driven scheduling and factors affecting the concerned implementation. Construction Firm registered under G7 (A Class, G6 (B class and G5 (C class were used in investigation. Data was analyzed by Statistical package SPSS to find the means and rank. Average index method was adapted to for the level of features of resource scheduling implementation and barrier to resource-driven scheduling. It is significant 59.65% firms are implementing resource-driven scheduling as partial. Also methods of project scheduling and resource options adopted were investigated. A Significant majority of construction firms (approximately 65% adopt Microsoft project for scheduling. Study showed that the features of resource scheduling are being implemented at Medium Level. Lack of understanding / awareness of concepts, lack of genuine commitment, lack of coordination of key personnel and Lack of coordination of constructors consultants were found major factors that affect resource-driven scheduling. While, expensive to prepare is most contributing factor, no enforcement on schedules from authority, difficult to prepare and hurdles by personnel/authorities were found as major constraints in implementing resource driven scheduling.

  18. The institutionalization of benchmarking in the Danish construction industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Grane Mikael Gregaard; Gottlieb, Stefan Christoffer

    emerged as actors expressed diverse political interests in the institutionalization of benchmarking. The political struggles accounted for in chapter five constituted a powerful political pressure and called for transformations of the institutionalization in order for benchmarking to attain institutional...... on how to institutionalize new structures in the Danish construction industry? In the methodology chapter, I outline how institutional theory facilitates new and important inquiries into understanding institutionalization of benchmarking. I account for how the choice of theory is influencing my......, the chapter accounts for the data collection methods used to conduct the empirical data collection and the appertaining choices that are made, based on the account for analyzing institutionalization processes. The analysis unfolds over seven chapters, starting with an exposition of the political foundation...

  19. Overview of Researches on Rural Industrial Development in China’s New Socialist Countryside Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG Jie-wu

    2012-01-01

    From the perspective of rural industrial development, this paper summed up representative research results of China’s new countryside construction, including approval of criteria for classification of rural industrial structure, definition and scope of rural industrial development, introduction and application of industrial development theory, existing problems, causes and countermeasures of three times of industrial development in rural areas, and experience of foreign rural industrial development model. Among these researches, most researches are general and narrow about achievements in rural industrial development, while the causes are little touched upon. In future, it is expected that the research on rural industrial development in new socialist countryside construction will be deepened and specified.

  20. Trends and Reliance on Foreign Labourers in Malaysia: Conventional Construction versus Industrialized Building System Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mydin M.A.O

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available There has been an influx of foreign labourers in Malaysia over the past decade due to sustained economic growth and a limited labour market. As a long term measure to ensure sustainable growth as well as to minimize socio-economic implications, a medium to longer-term policy on foreign workers will be devised with the goal of reducing overdependence on foreign workers while attracting more skilled and trained professionals. In order to reduce the number of foreign workers, the government has encouraged the implementation of an IBS. An Industrialized Building System (IBS is a construction system in which the components are manufactured in a factory, on or off site, positioned, and assembled into complete structures with minimal additional site work. This research has been carried out to discover trends, whether decreasing or increasing, in the employment of foreign labour in the Malaysian construction industry with reference to the Immigration Department of Malaysia. Additionally, interviews with construction labourers at IBS sites and conventional sites were carried out to identify the number of foreign labourers that are used in such projects.

  1. Ethics review of the civil ecological personality missing and the construction of civil ecological personality%公民生态人格缺失的伦理审视与建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高雁

    2015-01-01

    生态人格作为生态文明时代公民应该呈现出的伦理主体形态和生存范式,是对工业社会人与自然关系扭曲观念的反思,也是对生态危机下人类可持续生存发展困境以及传统人格精神危机的觉解与回应。当前公民生态人格缺失主要表现为:自然信仰的虚无、生命意义感迷失、受物欲的支配和生态利己主义倾向等方面。公民生态人格的建构需要从融合人与自然裂隙的角度实现价值观、伦理情感、生活方式和责任承担等方面的整体转向。%Ecological personality is the main ethical form and life paradigm of citizens which supposes to show in the era of ecological civilization .It is the reflection of the distorted concept on the relationship between man and nature in industrial society and also the awareness and response on the ecological crisis of sustainable survival and development dilemma and spiritual crisis of the traditional personality .The civil ecological personality deficiencies are shown as follows: natural faith nihility , life sense lost, material control and eco-egoism.The construction of ecological personality of citizens needs people to make adjustments and changes in the values , ethical emotion , life style and responsibility undertaken from the perspective of the integration of human and nature .

  2. Construction of Industrial Electron Beam Plant for Wastewater Treatment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, B.; Kim, J.; Kim, Y.; Kim, S.; Lee, M.; Choi, J.; Ahn, S.; Makarov, I.E.; Ponomarev, A.V.

    2004-10-06

    A pilot plant for treating 1,000 m3/day of dyeing wastewater with e-beam has been constructed and operated since 1998 in Daegu, Korea together with the biological treatment facility. The wastewater from various stages of the existing purification process has been treated with electron beam in this plant, and it gave rise to elaborate the optimal technology of the electron beam treatment of wastewater with increased reliability at instant changes in the composition of wastewater. Installation of the e-beam pilot plant resulted in decolorizing and destructive oxidation of organic impurities in wastewater, appreciable to reduction of chemical reagent consumption, in reduction of the treatment time, and in increase in flow rate limit of existing facilities by 30-40%. Industrial plant for treating 10,000 m3/day, based upon the pilot experimental result, is under construction and will be finished by 2005. This project is supported by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Korean Government.

  3. The Application of Deep Foundation Supporting Construction Technology in Civil Construction%关于深基坑支护施工技术在土建施工中应用的探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林丽

    2013-01-01

    This paper comprehends the application of deep foundation supporting construction technology in civil construction through analyzing the characteristics of deep foundation supporting construction technology, and discusses the important role of deep foundation supporting construction technology in civil construction.%本文通过对深基坑支护施工技术的特点进行分析,了解深基坑支护技术在施工中的应用,并且探讨深基坑支护施工技术对土建施工中的重要作用。

  4. Construction of Chaihu Selenium Industrial Demonstration Area in Zhongxiang City of Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guangzhong; DAI

    2014-01-01

    In order to develop selenium industry in Jianghan Basin,Hubei Provincial Party Committee decided to build Chaihu selenium industrial demonstration area in Zhongxiang City.This paper introduced general situation of Chaihu Town,analyzed countermeasures for construction of selenium industrial demonstration area in depth,and finally came up with 12 constructive and pertinent recommendations.

  5. Early ceremonial constructions at Ceibal, Guatemala, and the origins of lowland Maya civilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inomata, Takeshi; Triadan, Daniela; Aoyama, Kazuo; Castillo, Victor; Yonenobu, Hitoshi

    2013-04-26

    The spread of plaza-pyramid complexes across southern Mesoamerica during the early Middle Preclassic period (1000 to 700 BCE) provides critical information regarding the origins of lowland Maya civilization and the role of the Gulf Coast Olmec. Recent excavations at the Maya site of Ceibal, Guatemala, documented the growth of a formal ceremonial space into a plaza-pyramid complex that predated comparable buildings at other lowland Maya sites and major occupations at the Olmec center of La Venta. The development of lowland Maya civilization did not result from one-directional influence from La Venta, but from interregional interactions, involving groups in the southwestern Maya lowlands, Chiapas, the Pacific Coast, and the southern Gulf Coast.

  6. Legislation of China Civil Aircraft Industry and WTO Rules%WTO规则与我国民用飞机产业发展立法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄浩刚; 李乾贵

    2012-01-01

    WTO Rules have huge impact and positive significance for the development of China' s civil aircraft industry. Facing the opportunities and challenges of joining the WTO, the civil aircraft industry must take appropriate , while avoiding disadvantages. China' s legal system is not perfect and the current civil aviation roles and regulations do not meet the requirements of the WTO rules. The concept of the law has not been fully established. China' s civil aircraft industry should reduce the risks of entering WTO. The key point is the relationship between government administrative behavior and the legal system of civil aircraft industry. In order to protect and promote the development of civil aircraft industry, China' s civil aircraft industry needs to establish a sound system of rules and regulations to make China act in accordance with WTO rules and international convention. At the same time, the legislation experience of the typical national civil aircraft industry development can provide useful inspiration and help China to accelerate its sustainable development of civil aircraft industry.%WTO规则对中国民用航空产业特别是我国民用飞机产业的发展有着巨大的影响和积极意义。从目前来看,中国的法律体系尚不完善,现行的民航法规和规章,要么在一些方面规定阙如。要么不符合WTO规则的要求,法治观念还没有完全树立起来。在这种法制环境下,中国民机产业必须规避入世风险。其核心问题是处理好政府的行政管理行为与民机产业法制之间的关系。对此,中国民机产业要建立健全法律法规制度,才能使我国作为WTO成员按照WTO规则和国际惯例保障和促进民机产业的发展。同时,通过典型国家民机产业发展立法的经验借鉴,也能为我国民机产业发展立法提供有益的启示,从而加速我国民机产业的可持续发展。

  7. Economic assessment of the construction industry: A construction-economics nexus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barber, Herbert Marion, Jr.

    The purpose of this study was to conduct an economic assessment of the construction industry. More specifically, this study addresses ambiguities within the literature that are associated with the construction-economics nexus. The researcher 1) investigated the relationships between economic indicators and stock prices of U.S. construction equipment manufacturers, 2) investigated the relationships between energy production, consumption, and corruption, and 3) determined the economic effect electricity generation and electricity consumption has on economies of scale. The researcher used descriptive and inferential statistics in this study and determined that economists, researchers, policy-makers, and others should have predicted the 2007-08 world economic collapse 5-6 years prior to realization of the event given that construction indices and GDP grossly regressed from statistically acceptable trends as early as 2002 and perhaps 2000. Substantiating this claim, the effect of the cost of construction materials and labor, i.e. construction index, on GDP was significant for years leading up to the collapse (1970-2007). Additionally, it was determined that energy production and consumption are predictors of governmental corruption in some countries. In the Republic of Botswana, for example, the researcher determined that energy production and consumption statistically jointly effected governmental corruption. In addition to determining statistical effect, a model for predicting governmental corruption was developed based on energy production and consumption volumes. Also, the researcher found that electricity generation in the 25 largest world economies had a statistically significant effect on GDP. Electricity consumption also had an effect on GDP, as well, but not on other economic indicators. More importantly than the quantitative findings, the researcher concluded that the construction-economics nexus is far more complex than most policy-makers realize. As such

  8. The research of constructing harmonious mining community in ecological civilization%生态文明视野下的和谐矿区建设研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚华军; 朱清

    2014-01-01

    Constructing harmonious mining community is not only the requirements of ecological civilization to mining industry ,but also the connotations to building a harmonious society .Interpersonal harmony in mine community depends the harmony between man and nature ,interpersonal conflict is due to unreasonable allocation of resources and the environment property rights .If we promote the harmonious mine construction from ecological civilization ,we should coordinate harmonious policy between man and nature ,to constructing interpersonal harmonious mechanisms in mining .It should mobilize the power of local government , relevant ministries and industry associations , using voluntary agreements , mining corporate social responsibility reporting system ,mineral resource development projects of social risk assessment that based on tools from Ministry of Land and Resource .%和谐矿区建设不仅是矿业走向生态文明的时代要求,也是我国构建和谐社会的重要内涵。本文从生态文明的视角分析指出,矿区人与自然的和谐是人与人和谐的基础,矿区人与人不和谐是由于矿区资源环境产权配置的不合理,因此,人与自然的和谐需要人与人和谐政策机制的调整来实现。从生态文明的角度推进和谐矿区建设,就要统筹完善人与自然和谐的政策,探索构建矿产资源开发人与人和谐的政策机制,并提出了统筹国土资源部内部政策,调动地方政府、相关部委、行业协会的积极性,使用自愿性协议、矿业企业社会责任报告制度和新开矿产资源开发项目社会风险评估,深入推进和谐矿区建设。

  9. The survey of cement dermatitis among construction industry workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faride Sadeghian

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Cement has long been known as a cause of both irritant and allergic contact dermatitis. However, there are little data relating to occupational skin diseases (OSD in the Iranian construction industry. The aim of this study is to evaluate the epidemiology of cement dermatitis among terrazzo and cement manufactory workers. Methods: This is cross-sectional descriptive study. In this study 50 cement manufact-ory workers in Shahroud and 150 terrazzo workers in Lordegan were interviewed through questionnaire. Questionnaire includes demographic characteristics and questions about present dermatitis, background eczema, daily work hours, exposed chemical agents, using of gloves. Patients examined and patch tested by dermatologist. Data analyzed with SPSS software and c2, Mann Whitney and logistic regression statistical test. Results: The findings of the study showed that 8 workers (16% in cement factories and 52 workers (34.7% in Lordegan terrazzo enterprises had reported dermatitis at the time of review. Of which 15.5% in terrazzo workers had allergic contact dermatitis. In this study the prevalence of cement dermatitis increased with increasing age and there was significantly differences between dermatitis and background of dermatitis in terrazzo workers (P<0.05. Conclusion: Cement should be treated as hazardous materials, wearing of suitable gloves, early diagnosis and treatment of contact dermatitis and health education to workers is suggested.

  10. HiLumi prepares its construction phase with industry

    CERN Multimedia

    Agnes Szeberenyi

    2015-01-01

    The High-Luminosity LHC project is now seeking industrial suppliers and collaborations to start the construction phase and make the high-luminosity upgrade happen. The “HiLumi LHC goes to Industry” event held on 26 June aimed to foster R&D collaborations and knowledge exchange between CERN and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) - the perfect opportunity for them to match their capacity with the requirements of HiLumi.   Isabel Bejar-Alonso (High-Luminosity LHC Technical Coordinator) addresses the participants of the “HiLumi LHC goes to Industry” event held at IdeaSquare on 26 June. To reach the 14 TeV and 3000 fb-1 goal of the High-Luminosity LHC, more than 1.2 km of the current LHC machine will need to be replaced with high-technology components that require cutting-edge technologies. HiLumi experts have already identified more than 65 technology areas and even more challenging components that need to be manufactured, assembled and tested bef...

  11. Construction Schedule Risk Factors Analysis and Judgment of Civil Engineering%土木工程施工进度风险因素分析与判断

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵春安; 赵剑

    2013-01-01

    随着我国经济的飞速发展,土木工程施工建设占有的位置越来越重要。其中土木工程施工进度风险是土木工程施工的重要影响因素。本文通过对土木工程施工进度风险影响因素的分析,提出一些关于控制土木工程施工进度风险因素的意见。%With the rapid development of our economy, civil engineering construction occupies the more and more impor-tant position. The civil engineering construction schedule risk is an important factor in the civil engineering construction. Th-is paper through the analysis of affecting risk factors on civil engineering construction schedule puts forward some factors to control the risk of civil engineering construction schedule.

  12. Concerns for Skills Shortages in the 21st Century: A Review into the Construction Industry, Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle Watson

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The Australian Construction Industry is now facing skills shortages in all trades. As an industry focused on the skill of its workforce, there is now concern the Australian standard in quality, workmanship, and productivity will inhibit both at national and international level.This research paper addresses the underlying, influential factors concerning skills shortages in the Australian construction industry. The influential factors addressed include funding, training statistics, employer expectations, financial limitations, Industrial Relations and immigration. Given the reference to skills shortages within the industry, and documented in related literature, if skills shortages are to continue to exist, their effect will impact upon the overall performance of construction companies throughout Australia.

  13. 76 FR 70166 - Electrical Standards for Construction and General Industry; Extension of the Office of Management...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-10

    ... installation and maintenance of electric utilization equipment that prevent death and serious injuries among... Occupational Safety and Health Administration Electrical Standards for Construction and General Industry... collection requirements contained in the Electrical Standards for Construction (29 CFR part 1926, Subpart...

  14. Analysis of the Civil Servants' Professional Ethics Construction%浅析我国公务员职业伦理建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐文婷

    2012-01-01

    Civil level of professional ethics is an important benchmark to measure the ethical standards of a society as a whole,and how to strengthen the civil servants professional ethics is a topic of great value.This article focuses on the connotation of the civil servants professional ethics,the difficulties faced by China's civil servants professional ethics construction,as well as explore the developed countries,civil servants professional ethics construction of useful experience and enlightenment for China's national conditions,to make some suggestions for the civil servants professional ethics construction,in order to be able to provide a reference.%公务员职业伦理水平是衡量一个社会整体道德水平的重要标杆,如何加强公务员职业伦理建设,是具有重要价值的课题。本文主要阐述公务员职业伦理的内涵,我国公务员职业伦理建设面临的困境,以及探讨发达国家公务员职业伦理建设对我国的有益经验和启示,从而针对中国国情,为公务员职业伦理建设的构建提出一些建议,以期能够提供参考。

  15. Industrial Construction Methods for Cost-Effective and Sustainable Multi-Storey Buildings

    OpenAIRE

    Pourghazian, Hanif

    2008-01-01

    Reduction of the cost of construction is a constant goal for the building industry. One way of reducing the construction cost of buildings is to develop building technologies that will give increased productivity. Reduced construction time at the building-site and waste of materials and resources contribute to furtherreduction of the costs. This is why the sector is developing towards more industrialized construction methods with prefabricated components. The objective of this thesis is devel...

  16. ENABLING KNOWLEDGE FLOW: RETAINING GRADUATE WOMEN IN THE SINGAPORE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florence Yean Yng Ling

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available As extensive resources are expanded in transferring knowledge from universities to undergraduates, it is important for them to enter the workforce upon graduation to enable the knowledge to flow to the industry. The aim of this study is to investigate the extent to which knowledge flow is disrupted because graduate women are not entering the Singapore construction industry to ensure its sustainable growth. This study used a structured questionnaire, with data collected from 116 construction-trained graduate women via postal survey. Results show that 58% of them chose not to enter or are considering leaving the construction industry. The disruption in knowledge flow is due to better prospects in other industries (pull factor and poor job conditions within the construction industry (push factor. To retain graduate women in the construction industry, it is recommended that employers: introduce flexible work schedule; allow graduate women to work from home; and give them the same opportunities as their male counterparts.

  17. THE APPLICATION OF THE JUST-IN-TIME PHILOSOPHY IN THE CHINESE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Low Sui Pheng

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The Just-in-Time (JIT philosophy originated from the Toyota Production System (TPS and has been used in the manufacturing industry for many decades. It has helped to increase the productivity of the industry and has also increased the quality of its products. In recent years, numerous studies in developed countries have endeavoured to introduce JIT in the construction industry to reap similar benefits. This study focused on applying JIT to the Chinese construction industry with the goal of improving its performance and thus its competitiveness. This paper discusses the current state of the Chinese construction industry; presents the potential impediments to implementing JIT; and proposes a framework for JIT implementation in the areas of design, procurement, construction and inspection. The results of this study suggest that government and educational institutions should play a key role in spearheading the application of JIT in the construction industry in China.

  18. Ideology and Poetics in Public Issue Construction: Thatcherism, Civil Liberties, and "Terrorism" in Northern Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parry-Giles, Trevor

    1995-01-01

    Examines the rhetoric of Margaret Thatcher, indicating how Thatcherism intensified existing ideological tensions within the British context; how Thatcherism constructed the public issue of "terrorism" in Northern Ireland as an "epic tragedy"; and how such a construction materially shifted and ensnared commitments to…

  19. Three Major Aerospace Industrial Projects Settled In Xi'an

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Three major aerospace industrial projects settled in Xi'an National Civil Aerospace Industrial Base and the signing ceremonywas held on August 13. The settlement of the 3 projects will promote the development of space science and technologyindustry and the local economy while speeding up the construction of Xi'an National Civil Aerospace Industrial Base.

  20. Foreign awakenings: rig work in war-torn Sudan convinces Canadians their civilized version of industry is needed

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lorenz, A.

    2000-05-01

    Experiences of some Canadian geologists working in Sudan are described. Glad to be back in Canada after several years of exploration work for various international exploration companies, they have fond memories of the people, who for the most part live under very primitive conditions, and constant exposure to the ravages of tribal wars. They characterize the attitude of Canadians working in Sudan towards the native population as one that puts high values on human rights, safety, work ethics, and individual responsibility. They defend Canadian presence in these far-off regions as beneficial to the native population, by bringing Canadian standards and a civilized version of industry to an area that has seen very little of that in the past. In contrast to the situation on Canadian rigs, on Chinese oil rigs favoritism and racism are the rule; the Chinese do not see that humanitarian issues are any of their concerns.

  1. 论生态文明建设的四个纬度%On the Four Dimensions of Ecological Civilization Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵光学

    2014-01-01

    党的十七大报告首次提出了建设生态文明的目标,十八大报告从关系人民福祉和民族未来的高度彰显了生态文明建设的重要性,十八届三中全会强调通过生态文明制度建设推动人与自然和谐发展。可见,生态文明建设日益受到党和国家的重视。文章从四个方面对生态文明建设进行解读:首先突出了生态文明建设的经济纬度,即转变经济发展方式,促进循环经济发展;其次论证了生态文明建设的制度纬度,即不断完善政策法规体系,建立健全资源环境生态保护体制机制;再次从技术纬度对生态文明建设进行解读,强调加大污染防治力度,促进自然生态修复;最后探讨了生态文明建设的思想文化纬度,即大力推进生态文化建设,树立生态文明理念。文章认为,只有从经济、制度、技术和思想文化四个方面加强生态文明建设,才能不断推进生态文明建设的深入开展。%On the report at 17th Party Congress, the goal of ecological civilization construction is first raised. On the report at the 18th Party Congress, the importance of ecological civilization construction is highlighted from the perspective of people's well-being and national future. On the Third Plenary Session of 18th CPC Central Committee, promoting harmonious development between human and nature by the building of ecological civilization system is stressed. It is obvious that ecological civilization construction is increasingly taken seriously by our party and our country. This paper interprets ecological civilization construction from four aspects. It first emphasizes the economic dimension of ecological civilization construction, which refers to changing the mode of economic development and promoting the development of circular economy. It then illustrates the systematic dimension of ecological civilization construction , which consists in perfecting policy and law

  2. Construction of Civil and Public Facilities of Chinese Cities in 2006

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>In 2006, by adopting the Scientific View of Development to guide the urban con-struction, the municipal governments of different levels in China continued to carry out the policies and measures issued by the Central Government con-

  3. 连片特困地区扶贫攻坚的战略选择%Strategic Choices of Poverty Alleviation in Contiguous Destitute Areas Under Background of Ecological Civilization Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓龙; 徐鲲

    2014-01-01

    The report at 18th CPC National Congress points out that the construction of ecological civilization will be put into a prominent position,blending in economic,political,cultural and social construction and all aspects of the whole process to build a beautiful China and achieve sustainable development of China. In China,poverty and fragile ecological environment is often symbiotic. Most of rural poor population live in contiguous areas ,and thus, area poverty alleviation plays an extremely important role in the ecological civilization construction. Based on the background of ecological civilization construction and the analyses of challenges contiguous destitute areas face in ecological civilization construction,this paper expounds on strategic choices of poverty alleviation in contiguous destitute areas from such aspects as optimizing the spatial pattern,adjusting the industrial structure,improving production modes,improving lifestyle to provide useful references for the areas to promote poverty alleviation and ecological civilization construction.%党的十八大报告提出,把生态文明建设放在突出地位,融入经济建设、政治建设、文化建设、社会建设各方面和全过程,努力建设美丽中国,实现中华民族永续发展。在我国,贫困与生态环境脆弱往往是共生的。我国农村贫困人口大部分分布在连片特困地区,因而,片区扶贫攻坚在生态文明建设中处于极为重要的地位。本文通过分析连片特困地区生态文明建设面临的挑战,从优化空间格局、调整产业结构、改进生产方式、完善生活方式等四个方面论述了连片特困地区扶贫攻坚的战略选择,为该地区推进扶贫开发与生态文明建设提供一些有益的参考。

  4. Achievements of Capital Construction of Onshore Petroleum Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jia Jinhui

    1994-01-01

    @@ In 40 years since the founding of new China,the capital construction of onshore petroleum was greatly developed, a capital construction system with rational structure and complete specialities was formed, and a capital construction battalion for petroleum with high technical quality was established.

  5. Review of Qualitative Approaches for the Construction Industry: Designing a Risk Management Toolbox

    OpenAIRE

    Zalk, David M.; Spee, Ton; Gillen, Matt; Lentz, Thomas J.; Garrod, Andrew; Evans, Paul; Swuste, Paul

    2011-01-01

    Objectives This paper presents the framework and protocol design for a construction industry risk management toolbox. The construction industry needs a comprehensive, systematic approach to assess and control occupational risks. These risks span several professional health and safety disciplines, emphasized by multiple international occupational research agenda projects including: falls, electrocution, noise, silica, welding fumes, and musculoskeletal disorders. Yet, the International Social ...

  6. Exploration and Reflections on Ecological Civilization Construction in Shiyan City, Hubei Province%湖北省十堰市生态文明建设探索与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张华钢; 孔小丽; 陈霞

    2015-01-01

    As the core water source area of the Middle Route Scheme of South to North Water Division Project, Shiyan urgently needs to promote the construction of ecological civilization. In fact, there are great challenges, including the strong constraints of resources and environment, the relatively backward social and economic development, and the fragile ecological system, in the construction of ecological civilization in Shiyan. In this article, some correlative systems need to be set up, such as scientific and reasonable spatial layout system, natural and beautiful ecological environment system, green and low-carbon industrial development mode, intensive and efficient utilization of energy and resources system, low-carbon and circular urban-rural integration system, normal and systematic ecological civilization system, moderate ecological culture system, to strengthen the construction of ecological civilization.%十堰市是国家南水北调中线工程核心水源区,加快推进生态文明建设刻不容缓。但十堰生态文明建设面临巨大挑战,资源环境约束趋紧,经济社会发展水平相对落后,生态系统脆弱,因此需要从构建科学合理的空间布局体系、自然优美的生态环境体系、绿色低碳的产业发展体系、集约高效的资源能源利用体系、循环低碳的城乡一体化体系、系统规范的生态文明制度体系、节约适度的生态文化体系来推进生态文明建设。

  7. Modeling injury rates as a function of industrialized versus on-site construction techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubio-Romero, J C; Suárez-Cebador, M; Abad, Jesús

    2014-05-01

    It is often predicted that the industrialization of building activities will lead to a reduction of accident rates in the construction sector, particularly as a result of switching activities from building sites to factories. However, to date no scientific research has provided objective quantitative results to back up this claim. The aim of this paper is to evaluate how industrialization affects the accident rate in different industrialized building systems in Spain. Our results revealed that the industrialized steel modular system presents the lowest accident rate, while the highest accident rate was recorded in the construction method with cast-in-place concrete. The lightweight construction system also presents a high accident rate. Accordingly, industrialized building systems cannot claim to be safer than traditional ones. The different types of "on-site work" seem to be the main variable which would explain the accident rates recorded in industrialized construction systems.

  8. Potential Implementation of Green Prefab System in Malaysian Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md Azree Othuman Mydin

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Prefab system can be defined as a building process in which sections of modules of the structure are assembled at a remote location, and then transported to the construction site. This type of construction technique is very lucrative and often makes it possible to complete a building project in as much as half the time required for more traditional methods. Prefab construction is frequently employed with the construction of new houses; the strategy can also be used with other buildings. The outstanding ability behind prefab construction is based on the idea that by using standard components that are partly assembled on a manufacturing floor, there is less time involved in the actual construction process. The modules are transported to the site, using freight transportation. At the site, the modules are unloaded, moved into position with the aid of heavy machinery, and connected to form a single building. Along with the fast assembly, prefab construction could often save a great deal of money on the building construction. By using standard patterns, the building materials are pre-cut at the manufacturing site. This eliminates an enormous deal of the waste in timber and other components that can crop up during the process of building. Consequently, a prefabricated house with three bedrooms is likely to cost significantly less than a three bedroom dwelling that is constructed from scratch at the building site. This paper will discuss the potential of green prefab construction in Malaysia.

  9. Perspectives on artificial intelligence in the construction industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Tom; Gaarslev, Axel

    1996-01-01

    This paper outlines 14 research projects conducted since 1988. The value for industry for each project is listed, and its concluded that despite a high industrial rating, no projects have been implemented in the real world. Reason to the lack of AI-penetration is discussed, and guidelines to over...

  10. Dynamic Innovation strategies and stable networks in the construction industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Poul Houman; Cook, Nicole; Marceau, Jane

    2004-01-01

    This paper investigate the role of interorganisational networking for technology diffusion in an industry characterized by very limited R&D activity. Udgivelsesdato: APR......This paper investigate the role of interorganisational networking for technology diffusion in an industry characterized by very limited R&D activity. Udgivelsesdato: APR...

  11. 刍议节能施工技术在工民建建筑工程中的应用%Application of the Energy Saving Construction Technology in Civil Architecture Engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘伟斌

    2014-01-01

    随着时代的发展,我国建筑事业得到了快速的发展。尤其在工民建工程中,作为新时期背景下的建筑施工企业,要想在竞争日益激烈的市场中谋求生存和发展,就必须在工民建工程建设过程中加强节能施工技术的应用,提高建筑的节能环保功效。%With the development of the times, China's constr-uction industry has been rapid developed. Especial y in the ci-vil engineering, the construction enterprises under the backgr-ound of new era, to seek survival and development in the inc-reasingly fierce market competition, must strengthen the appl-ication of energy-saving construction technology in the process of civil engineering construction, improve the efficiency of bu-ilding energy saving and environmental protection.

  12. Conceptual Design Report: Fermilab Upgrade: Main Injector - Technical Components and Civil Construction, January, 1989

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    1989-01-12

    This report contains a description of the design and cost estimate of a new 150 GeV accelerator, designated the Main Injector, which will be required to support the upgrade of the Fermilab Collider. The construction of this accelerator will simultaneously result in significant enhancements to the Fermilab fixed target program.

  13. To Do Big City:On the First Strategy of Ecological Civilization Construction---Taking Wuhan Ecological Civilization Construction for Example%做大城市:论生态文明建设的首位战略--以武汉市生态文明建设为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨卫东

    2014-01-01

    Urban development and construction of ecological civilization is not entirely antagonistic, but complementary.City is a good area to promote the construction of ecological civilization.For those ar-eas with obvious geographical advantages,with a strong regional environmental carrying capacity,to do bigger,better cities should be regarded as the first strategy of ecological civilization construction.To do Big Wuhan,we must adjust the established land space planning,change the existing restrictive provi-sions,highlighting the characteristics of ultra-mega-cities,plan the layout around the requirements of na-tional central cities.Our long-term development strategy of that to restrict big cities is very unfavorable to China’s economic development.Big cities are not positively correlated to “urban disease”.As long as we can really transform the economic development mode,to accelerate industrial upgrading,to thaw the large-scale growth of urban population with good industrial structure,to really solve the household con-trol,to realistically plan different urban development,may we cure China’s urban disease,so that the ecological civilization construction may be implemented.%城市发展与生态文明建设并不完全对立,而是相辅相成的,城市是促进生态文明建设的上佳区域。对区位优势明显、环境承载力强的地区,应把做大、做好城市作为生态文明建设的首位战略。做大武汉必须调整既定的国土空间规划,改变现有的限制性规定,突出超特大城市特点,围绕国家中心城市的要求布局。我国长期奉行的限制大城市发展战略对中国经济的发展是十分不利的。大城市与“城市病”没有正相关关系,只要我们能真正转变经济发展模式,加快产业升级,以良好的产业结构来统摄城市人口的规模化增长,同时真正解决户籍管制问题,实事求是地制定不同地区的城市发展规划,我们就有可

  14. Radiological impact of the application of phosphogypsum in civil construction: an overview of Brazilian studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campos, Marcia P.; Nisti, Marcelo B.; Maduar, Marcelo F.; Mazzilli, Barbara P., E-mail: mpcampos@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (lPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    In the last decades considerable attention has been given to naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM). Within this frame, of particular concern is the phosphate fertilizer industry. In Brazil, four main industries (Ultrafertil, Copebras, Fosfertil and Bunge Fertilizantes) are responsible for the production of 1.2 x 10{sup 6} tons per year of P{sub 2}O{sub 5}. Phosphogypsum is the byproduct of the phosphoric acid industry, obtained by reacting phosphate rock with sulphuric acid. This waste is stockpiled in the surrounding environment of the facilities at a rate of 5.5 x 10{sup 6} tons per year. The level of radioactivity present in the phosphogypsum, among other impurities, prevents its reuse for a variety of purposes. All the countries that produce phosphate fertilizer by acid wet processing of phosphate rock are facing the same problem of finding solutions for the safe application of phosphogypsum, in order to minimize the impact caused by its disposal. This paper aims to present a review of the research carried out at Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), Sao Paulo, Brazil, focusing in the radiological implications of using Brazilian phosphogypsum as building material: bricks and plaster. The results and conclusions achieved can contribute to the development or national standards and guidelines concerning the safe use and management or phosphogypsum as a building material. (author)

  15. 29 CFR 776.23 - Employment in the construction industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Engineering Co., 224 F. (2d) 359 (C.A. 8), certiorari denied 350 U.S. 875; Chambers Construction Co. and L. H... are engaged in work at the site of the construction such as mechanics, laborers, handymen..., but also office, clerical, bookkeeping, auditing, promotional, drafting, engineering, custodial...

  16. Evaluation of environmental management resources (ISO 14001) at civil engineering construction worksites: a case study of the community of Madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez, Gracia; Alegre, Francisco Javier; Martínez, Germán

    2011-07-01

    In recent years, significant advances have been made in business organization and management. The growing demands of clients as well as the globalization of world markets are among the many factors that have led to the establishment of systems of quality control and environmental management as a competitive strategy for businesses. When compared to other professional sectors, the construction sector has been slower to respond to environmental problems and to adopt Environmental Management Systems (EMS). In the world today the ISO 14001 standard is currently the main frame of reference used by construction companies to implement this type of management system. This article presents the results of a general study regarding the evaluation of the application of the ISO 14001 standard at civil engineering construction worksites in the Community of Madrid (Spain), specifically pertaining to requirement 4.4.1, Resources, roles, responsibilities, and authority. According to requirement 4.4.1, company executives should appoint people responsible for implementing the EMS and also specify their responsibilities and functions. The personnel designated for supervising environmental work should also have sufficient authority to establish and maintain the EMS. The results obtained were the following: - EMS supervisors did not generally possess adequate training and solid experience in construction work and in the environment. Furthermore, supervisors were usually forced to combine their environmental work with other tasks, which made their job even more difficult. - Generally speaking, supervisors were not given sufficient authority and autonomy because productivity at the construction site had priority over environmental management. This was due to the fact that the company management did not have a respectful attitude toward the environment, nor was the management actively involved in the establishment of the EMS. - Insufficient resources were allocated to the Environmental

  17. 将生态文明贯穿于绿色矿山建设全过程%The ecological civilization throughout the green mine construction process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔繁盛

    2013-01-01

    本文在阐明生态文明建设的重要内涵、意义及其在绿色矿业发展中的重要基础作用的基础上,围绕绿色矿山建设基本条件,提出了如何贯彻落实生态文明建设的一些意见和看法,以利于推进绿色矿山建设向深层次发展.%Based on the ecological civilization construction to clarify the important connotation, significance and the important basic role in the green mining development, on the basis of green mine construction around the basic conditions, puts forward how to implement the ecological civilization construction of the some opinions and views, in order to promote the construction of green mine to in-depth development.

  18. Climate Change and Construction of Ecological Civilization%气候变化与生态文明建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王典; 范广洲

    2015-01-01

    全球气候变化是当今世界的焦点问题。全球变暖导致极端天气和气候事件频发,威胁着人类生存发展。中国作为最大的发展中国家,国家与国民安全受到气候变化的严重影响。为了应对严峻的形势,需要社会和民众大力推进生态文明建设,树立生态文明理念,提高科学技术水平,科学应对气候变化,积极完成节能减排、环境保护等重要任务,使中华民族更加繁荣昌盛。%Nowadays, global climate change as a serious issue causes a lot of attention, bring a significant impact on society and people around the world.Global warming causes frequent extreme weather and climate events, threatening human survival and development.As the biggest developing country, China and its national security are seriously affected by the climate change.To face such a tense situation, Chinese society and people need to greatly promote the construction of ecological civilization, set up the concept of ecological civilization, improve the levels of science and technology, scientifically response to the climate change, positively complete the important tasks, such as, energy conservation, emissions reduction and protection for the environment etc., so as to make China more thriving and prosperous.

  19. The Rural Information-based Construction under the Perspective of Expanding Agricultural Industrial Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On the basis of expounding connotation and significance of expansion of agricultural industrial chain, coupled with the connotation of rural informatization connotation, this article analyses the role of rural informatization in expanding agricultural industrial chain: it can enhance market competitiveness of industry chain, improve the operational efficiency of industry chain, and promote the income and quality of farmers in industry chain. Under the perspective of expanding agricultural industrial chain, this article puts forwards thinking about the construction of rural informatization as follows: first, give full play to the leading role of the government; second, strengthen the construction of information-based network facility; third, integrate information resources in rural areas, and improve the quality of information; fourth, build comprehensive information service platform in rural areas; fifth, improve organizational level of production and management of individual farmers; sixth, strengthen the construction of information-based personnel in rural areas; seventh, strengthen publicity and training, promote overall cultural quality and information awareness of farmers.

  20. Biotechnologies and biomimetics for civil engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Labrincha, J; Diamanti, M; Yu, C-P; Lee, H

    2015-01-01

    Putting forward an innovative approach to solving current technological problems faced by human society, this book encompasses a holistic way of perceiving the potential of natural systems. Nature has developed several materials and processes which both maintain an optimal performance and are also totally biodegradable, properties which can be used in civil engineering. Delivering the latest research findings to building industry professionals and other practitioners, as well as containing information useful to the public, ‘Biotechnologies and Biomimetics for Civil Engineering’ serves as an important tool to tackle the challenges of a more sustainable construction industry and the future of buildings.

  1. Surface Engineering Construction of Sichuan Natural Gas Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    You Kaicheng

    1995-01-01

    @@ The Present Status of Surface Engineering Construction A comparatively integrate and systematic surface engineering system, including gas gathering, purification transportation and distribution facilities, which approaches the international technical level, has been established. (Fig. 1)

  2. Sociedade civil e construção democrática: do maniqueísmo essencialista à abordagem relacional Civil society and democratic construction: from essentialist manichaeism to the relational approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Kunrath Silva

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo problematizar um "objeto" pouco abordado quando se analisam as características tradicionais e autoritárias que bloqueiam a construção democrática no Brasil: a "sociedade civil". A partir do suporte teórico-metodológico da "sociologia relacional" de Norbert Elias e da fundamentação empírica fornecida pela análise comparativa das relações entre sociedade civil e governos municipais em duas cidades da Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre, questiona-se uma apreensão essencialista e unificadora dos atores sociais, que deixa de perceber a sociedade civil como um espaço de diversidade, de relações de poder e de conflitos, no qual se encontram e intervêm atores marcados por diversas orientações e mantendo diferentes relações com a democracia.This article aims at debating an "object" that has deserved little attention when traditional and authoritarian traits that block democratic construction in Brazil are examined: "civil society". Based on the theoretical-methodological support of Norbert Elias' "relational sociology" and the empirical foundation provided by comparative analysis between civil society and municipal governments in two cities of Porto Alegre's metropolitan area, we question an essentialist and unifying approach of social actors that sees civil society as a space for diversity, power relations and conflict, where actors marked by several orientations meet and keep distinct relations to democracy.

  3. Evaluating financial health of real estate & construction industry in India

    OpenAIRE

    Chetna Batra

    2015-01-01

    Real Estate & Construction sector plays an important role in the development of a country’s base. Understanding its performance would be crucial as, in India, it is one of the largest contributors to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and one of the largest generators of economic activity. Real estate & construction sector in general, is perceived to be financially more risky compared to other sectors of the economy. The current research extends and adds to the extant literature by investigatin...

  4. 高校学生公寓文明建设的现状与对策研究%On Present Situation and Countermeasures of Dormitory Civilization Construction in Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘天明

    2012-01-01

    文章指出了目前高校学生公寓文明建设存在的问题及原因,提出对策建议。%The article points out problems with dormitory civilization construction and analyses the cause, then puts forward strategies and effective ways to strengthen civilization construction of dormitory.

  5. Enabling Facilitation of Mass Customization via Partnering in the Construction Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ditlev Bohnstedt, Kristian

    2014-01-01

    In the past decades, the manufacturing industry has gone through dramatic improvement in productivity, cycle time, and inventory level of manufacturing applying information technology and manufacturing technology. However, the construction industry has not yet been able to enjoy similar magnitude...... of improvements. The aim of this paper is therefore to investigate which of the normally used procurement forms in the Danish construction industry would facilitate the implementing mass customization. Benchmark results from 2,318 cases were obtained from The Benchmark Centre for the Danish Construction Sector...

  6. 乡风文明建设的社会责任研究%The Research on the Social Responsibility of Rural Civilization Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅琼; 吴全圣

    2012-01-01

    the rural civilization construction can improve the villagers' mental state,strengthen the rural economy energy,highlight the village social status.In recent years,rural civilization construction has already got a great progress,but there are still the problems of severe shortage of rural civilization infrastructure and main body of rural civilization management,the lower quality of the right subject of rural civilization,and the shortage of social value questions.The rural civilization improvement requires clear social responsibility,social forces mobilization,infrastructure construction of rural civilization,evaluation system perfection,education training reinforcement,urban and rural civilization coordination,civilized social value demonstration and so on.%乡风文明建设能够提升乡民的精神状态,增强乡村的经济能量,凸显乡村的社会地位。尽管近些年乡风文明建设已经获得长足进展,但由于社会责任不明确,导致了乡村文明基础设施严重不足,乡风文明管理主体时常缺位,乡风文明权利主体素质偏低,乡风文明社会价值缺少追问等等问题。明确社会责任,动员社会力量,加大乡风文明基础设施建设;完善评估体系,确保乡风文明管理主体到位;加强教育培训,提高乡风文明权利主体意识;统筹城乡文明,彰显乡风文明社会价值是推进乡风文明建设的有效途径。

  7. Anechoic chamber in industrial plants. [construction materials and structural design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halpert, E.; Juncu, O.; Lorian, R.; Marfievici, D.; Mararu, I.

    1974-01-01

    A light anechoic chamber for routine acoustical measurements in the machine building industry is reported. The outer housing of the chamber consists of modules cast in glass fiber reinforced polyester resin; the inner housing consists of pyramidal modules cut out of sound absorbing slates. The parameters of this anechoic chamber facilitate acoustical measurements according to ISO and CAEM recommendations.

  8. Space Industrialization: Manufacturing and Construction Activities. Part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Story, Charles H.

    1983-01-01

    Discusses how space industrialization will provide direct benefits for our nation and will transfer technology to the many diverse areas of human activity. Examples are the development of the Space Shuttle, the Space Studies Institute, and the LS Society (advocates for colonizing space). (NRJ)

  9. Mechanisms of the Stimulation of Import Substitution in the Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana Nikolayevna Kotlyarova

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The issues of the dependence on imports and import substitution are the major factors in the development of the domestic economy. The subject matter of the research is the dependence of construction industry on imports in the area of foreign technology, it is aimed at identifying the scope of the problem and justifying the mechanisms to overcome it. The article substantiates the relevance and importance of import substitution in the production of construction materials and equipment. Import substitution in the construction industry can be implemented in two main ways, requiring different approaches in supporting and encouraging. Firstly, there is the substitution of products used in construction, aimed at minimizing the risk of disruption of the supply of imported products for construction purposes and the predominant use of domestic analogues of imported products for construction purposes. Secondly, there is the substitution in the technologies of production of goods used in construction, focused on stimulating the development of the domestic production of competitive products and technological and managerial modernization of the construction materials industry, construction industry. The process of import substitution in the construction industry have a number of limitations. In this connection, the article discusses the opportunities and constraints for import substitution. A special attention is paid to the practice of the formation of regional construction clusters as a tool of implementing the policy of import substitution. The purposes and principles of the development of clusters, sources of initiatives, used systems of transfer and knowledge and innovations are considered critically. The conclusion is made about the need for the strategic development of new products for the construction market and domestic research and development projects within the framework of cross-sectoral clusters. The basic forms of state support required for the

  10. Focusing on Sustainable Development Vigorously Promoting Ecological Civilization Construction%着眼永续发展大力推进生态文明建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    The paper was deeply analyzed important exposition of construction of ecological civilization in report of the eigh-teenth National Congress of the CPC, and put forward that construction of ecological civilization conforms to development di-rection of human civilization, green development trend of international community and happy anticipation of people. Vigorous-ly promoting the construction of ecological civilization, improving ecological protection mechanisms, providing more ecological products, saving resources and energy, optimizing space development pattern achieved sustainable development of the Chinese nation.%  深入分析党的十八大报告中对生态文明建设的重要论述,指出生态文明顺应人类文明发展方向,契合国际社会绿色发展趋势,符合人民群众的期待,必须大力推进生态文明建设,完善生态保护机制,提供更多生态产品,节约资源能源,优化空间开发格局,才能实现中华民族永续发展。

  11. The Innovation and Application of Civil Construction Technology%工民建施工技术的创新和应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘忠莲

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduces the civil engineering construction of new technology and economic development, study civil engineering construction for the innovation and application of high technology. Through the innovation and application of civil engineering technology, not only the construction unit of the construction technology has been greatly improved and the application level of the new technology of construction personnel is improved, the construction technical and economic relations and the construction work is connected, so the schedule and cost of the project has the most obvious effect, according to the characteristics of technology and economy of construction, strengthen the management of construction technology is the focus of construction enterprise technology progress.%介绍工民建工程施工的新技术经济发展,探讨工民建工程施工对于高新技术的创新和应用。通过对工民建工程技术的创新和应用,不仅使建设单位的施工技术有了大幅度的提高,施工人员新技术的应用水平也得到提高,建筑施工技术经济关系与施工工作的多个方面都存在联系,所以,工期进度和工程成本的影响最为明显,依据建筑施工的技术经济特点,加强建筑施工技术的管理是建筑企业技术进步的重点。

  12. Construction Industry Products Diversification by Implementation of BIM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey Kalinichuk

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available One way to increase the effectiveness and economic stability of a construction company is product diversification. Intention to diversify construction products can be initiated for such reasons as necessity of capital injection, reducing of risks and costs of production, desire for optimization of delivery system, increasing economic competitiveness, etc. BIM can help to solve assigned tasks by diversification and optimize system operation as a whole. It becomes an actuality especially under conditions of severe competition when the possibility of attaining a work contract is reduced by increased focus.

  13. 贷款人环境民事责任建构研究%The Construction of Environmental Civil Liability of Lender in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈娅云

    2015-01-01

    The legal liability of lender in credit and loan industry derives from the equator principle and it im‐plicates the legislative concept which means that environment law requests legal subject to transfer from “e‐conomic man” to“ecological man” .At present ,the credit environmental liability of lender is mainly shown as a kind of enterprise social responsibility ,w hich is based on lenders'voluntary .T hen ,it is necessary to up‐grade the responsibility to the aspect of legal liability .Environmental civil liability of lender is not only re‐stricted to the liability of polluter but also related to the person w ho possesses the pollutant source or the person w hose identity is the administrator .How ever ,the“lender” ,w hich is a specialized subject concept ,is not appropriate to be singed into the civil law or the environmental basic law .Therefore ,the basic ideas of constructing the environmental civil liability of lender are as follow :on the one hand ,the commercial bank is considered as ordinary polluter ;on the other hand ,the possessor's liability in lender's liability abroad should be borrowed .As the administrator or possessor of the pollutant source ,the lender should be introduced into subject range of environmental civil liability through the polluter identity .%指出了贷款人在信贷领域的法律责任来源于赤道原则,蕴含了环境法要求法律主体从“经济人”向“生态人”转变的立法理念。目前贷款人信贷环保责任多体现为一种企业社会责任,以贷款人的自愿履行为基础,有必要将此种责任上升至法律责任层面。贷款人环境民事责任不仅局限在作为污染行为人的责任,还可能是污染源的占有人或管理人这一污染关系人身份,但是要将“贷款人”这一十分特定化的主体概念写入民事或环境基本法显然并不合理,因此,贷款人环境民事责任建构的基本思路是,一方面,在现有的

  14. Research on Ecological Civilization Evaluation Index System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Ecological civilization, which refers to the harmonious development of man and the nature, has the connotation of the ecological material civilization, ecological consciousness civilization, ecological institutional civilization and ecological behavior civilization. The research on ecological civilization evaluation index system is important in that it can provide the guidance for the construction of ecological civilization, and besides it can improve public recognition of the importance of ecological civil...

  15. On management and control over construction progress in civil engineering programs%土建工程的施工进度管理和控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘斌

    2015-01-01

    The paper analyzes the factors influencing the construction progress management of civil engineering projects,and points out some sug-gestions for the preparation before the construction,compilation progress plan,and improvement of management regulations,so as to promote the construction progress management level of the civil engineering projects.%分析了影响土建工程施工进度管理的各项因素,针对施工进度管理中存在的问题,提出了做好开工前的准备工作、编制进度计划、完善项目管理法规体系等建议,以有效提高土建工程施工进度管理水平。

  16. Analysis of the Electromechanical Installation Cooperate with the Civil Engineering Construction%机电安装与土建施工配合分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖庆丰

    2014-01-01

    In the process of management the construction eng-ineering project, people must pay at ention to the management and coordination of electromechanical engineering cooperates with civil engineering construction. In this article, the author combines with the project example of green land square in a city and briefly analyzes and discusses to the coordination ma-nagement of electromechanical instal ation and civil enginee-ring construction.%在管理建筑工程项目的过程中,必须重视机电工程和土建施工配合的管理以及协调。本文结合某市绿地广场工程实例,对建筑工程机电安装与土建施工的协调管理进行了浅要的分析与探讨。

  17. Conceptual Design Report: Fermilab Upgrade. Main Injector. Technical Components and Civil Construction, January, 1989

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1989-01-12

    This report contains a description of the design and cost estimate of a new 150 GeV accelerator, designated the Main Injector, which will be required to support the upgrade of the Fermilab Collider. The construction of this accelerator will simultaneously result in significant enhancements to the Fermilab fixed target program. The Main Injector (MI) is to be located south of the Antiproton Source and tangent to the Tevatron ring at the FO straight section as shown in Figure 1-1. The MI will perform all duties currently required of the existing Main Ring. Thus, operation of the Main Ring will cease following commissioning of the MI, with a concurrent reduction in background rates as seen in the colliding beam detectors. The performance of the MI, as measured in terms of protons per second delivered to the antiproton production target or total protons delivered to the Tevatron, is expected to exceed that of the Main Ring by a factor of two to three. In addition the MI will provide high duty factor 120 GeV beam to the experimental areas during collider operation, a capability which does not presently exist in the Main Ring.

  18. Conceptual Design Report: Fermilab Upgrade: Main Injector - Technical Components and Civil Construction, January 1990 (Rev. 2)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    1990-01-10

    This report contains a description of the design and cost estimate of a new 150 GeV accelerator, designated the Main Injector, which will be required to support the upgrade of the Fermilab Accelerator Complex. The construction of this accelerator will simultaneously result in significant enhancements to both the Fermilab collider and fixed target programs. The Main Injector (MI) is to be located south of the Antiproton Source and tangent to the Tevatron ring at the FO straight section as shown in Figure 1-1. The MI will perform all duties currently required of the existing Main Ring. Thus, operation of the Main Ring will cease following commissioning of the MI, with a concurrent reduction in background rates as seen in the colliding beam detectors. The performance of the MI, as measured in terms of protons per second delivered to the antiproton production target or total protons delivered to the Tevatron, is expected to exceed that of the Main Ring by a factor of two to three. In addition the MI will provide high duty factor 120 GeV beam to the experimental areas during collider operation, a capability which does not presently exist in the Main Ring.

  19. Mapping Innovation: Facilitating Innovation in the Danish Construction Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thuesen, Christian Langhoff; Koch, Christian

    2011-01-01

    regime, built in the existing ways of working and developing over generations. The regime is challenged from various niches and the socio-technical landscape through trends as globalization. Three niches (Lean Construction, Building Information Modelling (BIM) and System Deliveries) are subject...

  20. Decision-making on reverse logistics in the construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thanwadee Chinda

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available With the growing competition, many construction organizations attempt to improve their productivity, quality, and efficiency. Construction waste management, by means of reverse logistics, becomes a key issue to improve the productivity, and raise the company’s green image. In this study, four reverse logistics methods-direct reuse, remanufacturing, recycling, and landfill-are considered to manage construction and demolition (C&D waste. Two factors (economic and site-specific with their 15 sub-factors affecting the decisions to implement the reverse logistics are examined. The hierarchy model of reverse logistics decisions, developed through the analytic hierarchy process, reveal the importance of the economic factor over the site-specific factor. It is suggested that the transportation cost, the processing cost, the specific sorting technology, and the limited project time must be first considered before making decisions on reverse logistics plans. The construction company can utilize the developed hierarchy model to decide on the most appropriate reverse logistics plan to achieve the best benefits.

  1. Design, Construction and Testing of Annular Diffusers for High Speed Civil Transportation Combustor Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okhio, Cyril B.

    1996-01-01

    A theoretical and an experimental design study of subsonic flow through curved-wall annular diffusers has been initiated under this award in order to establish the most pertinent design parameters and hence performance characteristics for such devices, an the implications of their application in the design of engine components in the aerospace industries. The diffusers under this study are expected to contain appreciable regions of stall and the effects of swirl on their performance are being studied. The experimental work involves the application of Computer Aided Design software tool to the development of a suitable annular diffuse geometry and the subsequent downloading of such data to a CNC machine at Central State University (CSU). Two experimental run segments have been completed so far during FY-95 involving flow visualization and diffuser performance evaluation based on Kinetic Energy Dissipation. The method of calculation of the performance of diffusers based on pressure recovery coefficient has been shown to have some shortcomings and so the kinetic energy dissipation approach has been introduced in the run segment two with some success. The application of the discretized, full Navier Stokes and Continuity equations to the numerical study of the problem described above for the time-mean flow is expected to follow. Various models of turbulence are being evaluated for adoption throughout the study and comparisons would be made with experimental data where they exist. Assessment of diffuser performance based on the dissipated mechanical energy would also be made. The result of the investigations are expected to indicate that more cost effective component design of such devices as diffusers which normally contain complex flows can still be achieved.

  2. Prospects for the construction of solar furnaces for industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    La Blanchetais, Ch. H.

    The various techniques and prototype installations employed to absorb and concentrate solar energy for use in applications requiring 100-4000 C temperatures are explored. Mention is made of the Pericles heliostat field and the THEK distributed parabolic concentrator installations, and attention is focused on viable concepts useful for industrial purposes. The Odeillo solar furnace provided design guidelines and requirements for industrial usage. It was found that the reliability of the furnace depends on the annual insolation, that the solar furnaces must be designed to meet specific thermal goals, that simplification and optimization are needed for the orientation and focusing mechanisms, and that solar furnaces are ideally suited for developing nations which experience high levels of insolation. A stepped paraboloid is described for improving the efficiency of a heliostat system, while still employing plane parallel mirrors.

  3. The Nature of Payment Problems in the New Zealand Construction Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Thanuja Ramachandra; James Olabode Rotimi

    2011-01-01

    Delay and loss of payment is a serious problem in the construction industry of many countries. These affect the cash flow of contractors which is critical to meeting their financial obligations. Payment defaults by the principal leads to insolvency of contractors and in turn other parts of the project chain. In recognition of some of these problems, most countries have established payment-specific construction industry legislation and other contractual measures to mitigate the problems, but n...

  4. Waste effectiveness of the construction industry: Understanding the impediments and requisites for improvements

    OpenAIRE

    Ajayi, SO; Oyedele, LO; Bilal, M; Akinade, OO; Alaka, HA; Owolabi, HA; Kadiri, KO

    2015-01-01

    © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.Construction industry contributes a large portion of waste to landfill, which in turns results in environmental pollution and CO2 emission. Despite the adoption of several waste management strategies, waste reduction to landfill continues seeming an insurmountable challenge. This paper explores factors impeding the effectiveness of existing waste management strategies, as well as strategies for reducing waste intensiveness of the construction industry....

  5. Construction of new media and civil society%新媒体与公民社会的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娜

    2013-01-01

      新媒体正以星星燎原之势迅速发展,现代快节奏的生活使许多人已经抛弃传统媒体,转身投向更加快节奏的新媒体时代。新媒体在构建公民社会中发挥的作用是不容小觑的,一方面新媒体与公民社会间正发生着日益紧密的双向互动联系,另一方面公民在新媒体中的议程设置功能正渐渐显著起来,新媒体也给了公民充分的话语表现权。%The new media are developing rapidly, the fast pace of modern life makes many people abandon the traditional media, and turn toward to accelerate the pace of new media era. The role of new media in constructing the civil society should not be underestimated, on the one hand, new media and citizen society is undergoing more closely linked, on the other hand, the agenda setting function of citizens in the new media is gradually obvious, new media also gives a full citizen discourse right.

  6. Strategies for Minimizing Corruption in the Construction Industry in China

    OpenAIRE

    Zou, Patrick X. W.

    2006-01-01

    Corruption is a social phenomenon deep rooted in the history of mankind. It is similar to other kinds of crime which are likely to occur in procurement of works by governments and local authorities, due to the large amount of money involved in a single transaction and the difficulty in monitoring project expenditure. Therefore, it is necessary to develop strategies to minimize any corruption risks and corrupt behaviour in procurement of construction projects. The aim of this paper is to revie...

  7. Time Overrun and Cost Effectiveness in the Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.Subramani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The project management technique of planning and scheduling using tools and devices are helpful in comparing the project with stipulated cost, time and quality. Resource tracking, Minimize the uncertainty and Cost Effectiveness is focused in this project. The software tool used for planning and scheduling is Primavera project planner enterprise for construction. The study covers three case studies of the process of planning, scheduling the activities and monitoring. A general re sequencing model had been proposed to overcome the delay factor from the critical area, to minimize the delay of the construction and to reduce the time, cost and it also helpful to concentrate on the major areas in the project. Re sequencing model leads the management to cost savings and make entire project success. Resource planning is one aspect, which decides the systematic execution of the project at worksite. This study is to have hands- on experience in an ongoing project, and evaluation of schedule of equipment, staff, Labor and Materials. It helps to plan and evaluate the resources for the Construction of the building project. This study also compares the cost variation due to the delay of the project and re scheduling the project by crashing process. KEYWORDS:

  8. Engineering, Support, and Management Services: Construction Industry Series: Preparation Level: Student Manual and Instructor's Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas Education Agency, Austin. Dept. of Occupational Education and Technology.

    The guide is an outline of training experiences designed to lead a student to at least entry-level proficiency in engineering, support, and management service jobs within the construction industry. Teaching units cover construction drafting, architectural drawing, engineering drafting, estimating, expediting and scheduling, surveying, testing and…

  9. A Study of Potential Load Bearing Masonry (LBM System in Malaysia Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramli N.A.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available To overcome the problems in increasing of material prices, land prices, shortage of skilled workers, equipping low cost housing demands and maintained the cost of the constructing at an affordable price, there is a need to find the alternative solution for constructing method. The use of the load bearing masonry system (LBM has been identified as a sustainable and an effective alternative method for the construction industry. The system offers several advantages in term of cost and speed of the construction, durability, strength, environmentally friendly practices and aesthetic qualities. Despite these advantages, unfortunately, this system has not been widely used in Malaysia compared to reinforced concrete (RC frame construction. Therefore, this paper aims to discuss the advantages and potential of the system implementation to Malaysia construction industry in the future.

  10. Individual protection equipment for use in the construction civil sector - case study in the city of Medianeira in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Roberto Rockenbach

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Safety at work is defined as a set of measures that are based on technical standards and aimed at accident prevention, in Brazil it is governed by Decree-Law No. 5,452 of May 1, 1943, approving the Consolidation of Labor Laws - CLT. The construction is the sector that suffers most from industrial accidents and is labeled as the champion as the rates of work accidents. This study aimed to carry out a survey of the works of the construction industry situation in the city of Medianeira in Brazil about using Security Personal Protective Equipment (PPE and relate to the use of such equipment with the occurrence of accidents. To carry out the research were used 40 works, and for the data used in the survey, a questionnaire was applied to each work, which was answered by the foreman. With this research found up those 50% of employers in this sector in the city are not complying with the legislation as the provision of PPE and only 10% of employees are using all PPE required for their safety.

  11. Labour Productivity in the New Zealand Construction Industry: A Thorough Investigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John E Tookey

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Productivity growth is strongly correlated to economic growth and increases in welfare. This fact also holds true at the industry level and is particularly true in the NZ construction industry, since productivity growth in this sector may have significant effects on the affordability of housing in the country. In recent years construction in NZ has been subjected to a series of reports that have either highlighted ‘failure’ to grow productivity or have exhorted the industry to improve its ‘poor performance’.  However thus far little by way of analysis has gone into the productivity figures that have been quoted, nor has much been done to explain and justify if or why these figures are correct or incorrect.This research seeks to deconstruct construction productivity figures in NZ and explain the patterns over recent years of ‘poor performance’ in comparison with other industries.  As such it will examine the nature of the NZ construction industry and analyse the historic statistics related to its labour productivity. This will provide an overall understanding of the sector as well as those extraneous factors that may have significant influences on the NZ construction sector.The research found that while factors influencing inputs of labour productivity measure such as labour and material costs remained stable, factors impacting the corresponding outputs such as house and land prices, value of work in Non-residential and Infrastructure construction grew significantly between 1997 and 2007. Given the positive skewing effect of standard economic indicators (inflation etc on construction labour productivity figures, the relatively poor performance of construction is worrying for the industry. The paper concludes by demonstrating labour productivity in construction is significantly worse performing than previously suspected.

  12. 高层建筑给排水与土建协同施工技术%Coordination Construction Technology of Water Supply and Drainage Construction with Civil Engineering in High-rise Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马全丽

    2016-01-01

    针对高层建筑给排水与土建协同施工技术解决了高层建筑给排水管道安装与土建施工时碰撞的问题,寻找了一套专业间的协同施工的施工方法,做到了施工质量一次成优,提高了施工工效,节约了施工成本,在工艺新颖的基础上,还保证了施工过程绿色环保。%The coordination construction technology of water supply and drainage construction with civil construction in high⁃rise building solves the collision problem during water supply and drainage pipeline installation and civil construction in high⁃rise building. A set of cooperative construction method between each professional construction was found to ensure the best construction quality, improve construction efficiency, save construction cost. On the basis of technological innovative, the method also guaranteed the construction process of green environmental protection.

  13. A Study of Potential Load Bearing Masonry (LBM) System in Malaysia Construction Industry

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    To overcome the problems in increasing of material prices, land prices, shortage of skilled workers, equipping low cost housing demands and maintained the cost of the constructing at an affordable price, there is a need to find the alternative solution for constructing method. The use of the load bearing masonry system (LBM) has been identified as a sustainable and an effective alternative method for the construction industry. The system offers several advantages in term of cost and speed of ...

  14. Exploring the Barriers and the Level of TQM Implementation in Malaysian Construction Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Tey, Lian Seng; Ooi, Teck Loon

    2014-01-01

    More and More construction firms are engaging in Total Quality Management (TQM) to improve the quality of their products which, in hope of, ultimately lead to higher level of customer satisfaction. However, there are still a number of players in Malaysian construction industry refused to implement TQM. This study aimed at identifying the barriers for construction firms to engage in TQM and tested its relationship with the level of implementation of TQM. Based on data collected from 138 engine...

  15. ANALYSIS OF THE INNOVATIVE PRACTICES AT CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dusan Schreiber

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The complexity that has characterized the market relations, especially in the last two decades, with an ever increasing demand for innovative products and processes, has reflected even more in the traditional activities, such as the building sector. Although traditional, that segment has undergone many changes in the business model as a result of major technological advances, requiring companies to adapt to the new conditions, incorporating new technologies, materials and developing new processes, considered innovative. With the purpose of studying in depth this process a research with a qualitative single case study was conducted in an industrial building company, located in the metropolitan area of Porto Alegre, through in-depth interviews, analysis of the narratives and of documents. The results showed characteristics that required a specific design of the strategy, management practices and coordination of organizational resources, which allowed the company to become a reference in the sector.

  16. Modularization in the construction industry using a top-down approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kudsk, Anders; Hvam, Lars; Thuesen, Christian

    2013-01-01

    Throughout the last centuries, the manufacturing industry has experienced great improvements in efficiency and cost reductions, but the same improvements have not taken place in the construction industry. Based on the principles of mass customization that are known from the manufacturing industry......, a case study of one of the largest construction companies in Northern Europe was carried out according to the principles of action research. This approach was used to clarify whether potential exists for using the principles of mass customization to improve efficiency and minimize costs connected...... and experiences gathered throughout the process, the conclusion is that the principles of mass customization are best used in the construction industry if used with a top-down perspective. © Kudsk et al.; Licensee Bentham Open....

  17. System Dynamics Model and Simulation of Employee Work-Family Conflict in the Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guangdong Wu

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The construction industry is a demanding work environment where employees’ work-family conflict is particularly prominent. This conflict has a significant impact on job and family satisfaction and performance of employees. In order to analyze the dynamic evolution of construction industry employee’s work-family conflict between work and family domains, this paper constructs a bi-directional dynamic model framework of work-family conflict by referring to the relevant literature. Consequently, a system dynamics model of employee’s work-family conflict in the construction industry is established, and a simulation is conducted. The simulation results indicate that construction industry employees experience work interference with family conflict (WIFC levels which are significantly greater than the family interference with work conflict (FIWC levels. This study also revealed that improving work flexibility and organizational support can have a positive impact on the satisfaction and performance of construction industry employees from a work and family perspective. Furthermore, improving family support can only significantly improve employee job satisfaction.

  18. System Dynamics Model and Simulation of Employee Work-Family Conflict in the Construction Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Guangdong; Duan, Kaifeng; Zuo, Jian; Yang, Jianlin; Wen, Shiping

    2016-10-28

    The construction industry is a demanding work environment where employees' work-family conflict is particularly prominent. This conflict has a significant impact on job and family satisfaction and performance of employees. In order to analyze the dynamic evolution of construction industry employee's work-family conflict between work and family domains, this paper constructs a bi-directional dynamic model framework of work-family conflict by referring to the relevant literature. Consequently, a system dynamics model of employee's work-family conflict in the construction industry is established, and a simulation is conducted. The simulation results indicate that construction industry employees experience work interference with family conflict (WIFC) levels which are significantly greater than the family interference with work conflict (FIWC) levels. This study also revealed that improving work flexibility and organizational support can have a positive impact on the satisfaction and performance of construction industry employees from a work and family perspective. Furthermore, improving family support can only significantly improve employee job satisfaction.

  19. System Dynamics Model and Simulation of Employee Work-Family Conflict in the Construction Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Guangdong; Duan, Kaifeng; Zuo, Jian; Yang, Jianlin; Wen, Shiping

    2016-01-01

    The construction industry is a demanding work environment where employees’ work-family conflict is particularly prominent. This conflict has a significant impact on job and family satisfaction and performance of employees. In order to analyze the dynamic evolution of construction industry employee’s work-family conflict between work and family domains, this paper constructs a bi-directional dynamic model framework of work-family conflict by referring to the relevant literature. Consequently, a system dynamics model of employee’s work-family conflict in the construction industry is established, and a simulation is conducted. The simulation results indicate that construction industry employees experience work interference with family conflict (WIFC) levels which are significantly greater than the family interference with work conflict (FIWC) levels. This study also revealed that improving work flexibility and organizational support can have a positive impact on the satisfaction and performance of construction industry employees from a work and family perspective. Furthermore, improving family support can only significantly improve employee job satisfaction. PMID:27801857

  20. PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT IN RUSSIA IN THE CONDITIONS OF ECONOMIC CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nidziy Elena Nikolaevna

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The construction industry is one of the key fund-creating industries, the formation of the Russian economy greatly depends on it. The construction sector is cyclic, that’s why it has always been sensitive to the tendencies of the national economy. In the contemporary conditions of weak economical climate the construction industry is in a state of sluggish recession. The key indicators exercising restraining influence on the construction complex are analyzed. The author carried out calculations of the prices for residential real estate in the past years. The author’s view on the near-term prospects on the exit from recession state is formulated. From the view of the today’s state and the nearest development prospects, it can be stated that the construction industry is one of the most problematic among the basic economic sectors. Retrieval of the expansion rate of the construction industry is possible in case of the positive changes of general economic state.

  1. The Construction and Competitiveness of Operation Model of Agricultural Industrial Cluster

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Through reviewing the viewpoints of former scholars, the connotation and features of supply chain of agricultural industrial cluster are introduced. The agricultural industrial cluster model constituted by core network and supporting network is constructed. Three operation models of this kind of supply chain is described: the model takes wholesale market of agricultural products as the core; the model take pillar industries of agricultural industrialization as core; model takes the chains of retail enterprises as core. The competitiveness of agricultural industrial cluster is researched. The research assumes that the competiveness of supply chain of agricultural industrial cluster is mainly represented to make the agricultural industrial cluster to acquire more capabilities in terms of innovation and knowledge sharing capability, resource allocation capability, agile market adaptability and distinct value creation capability.

  2. Applying data mining techniques to explore factors contributing to occupational injuries in Taiwan's construction industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Ching-Wu; Leu, Sou-Sen; Cheng, Ying-Mei; Wu, Tsung-Chih; Lin, Chen-Chung

    2012-09-01

    Construction accident research involves the systematic sorting, classification, and encoding of comprehensive databases of injuries and fatalities. The present study explores the causes and distribution of occupational accidents in the Taiwan construction industry by analyzing such a database using the data mining method known as classification and regression tree (CART). Utilizing a database of 1542 accident cases during the period 2000-2009, the study seeks to establish potential cause-and-effect relationships regarding serious occupational accidents in the industry. The results of this study show that the occurrence rules for falls and collapses in both public and private project construction industries serve as key factors to predict the occurrence of occupational injuries. The results of the study provide a framework for improving the safety practices and training programs that are essential to protecting construction workers from occasional or unexpected accidents.

  3. Formulação de estratégias competitivas por meio de análise de cenários na construção civil Formulation of competitive strategies through analysis of scenarios for civil construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andriele Rodrigues

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A presente pesquisa consistiu em formular estratégias competitivas por meio de análise de cenários simulados no setor de construção civil. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório, onde o instrumento de coleta de dados foi o questionário de avaliação qualitativa, com representantes das construtoras. A técnica adotada no trabalho foi a amostragem nãoprobabilística realizada por conveniência. O método utilizado foi o modelo de simulação de cenários de Rojo (2006. Com o desenvolvimento de cenários simulados pôde-se obter condições para que as empresas da construção civil possam preparar-se antecipadamente para eventuais mudanças futuras, reduzindo suas incertezas organizacionais. Pôde-se concluir que a ferramenta de simulação de cenários utilizada é apropriada para auxiliar de forma estratégica o setor da construção civil, a simulação de cenários pode ser uma das alternativas a serem utilizadas, tanto pelo governo como pelas próprias empresas do setor. O modelo de Rojo diferencia-se dos demais roteiros de diagnóstico estratégico por buscar as variáveis diretamente com os players do setor. O setor delimitado na pesquisa teve, como resultado para a empresa em questão, formatado o planejamento estratégico de forma lógica não linear, ampliando a análise de variáveis na linha do tempo. Tal procedimento característico do modelo colabora com a precisão do processo decisório, com as devidas análises de possíveis caminhos cognitivos para a formulação de estratégia competitiva especificamente no caso da concorrência entre empresas da construção civil atuantes na mesma região.The purpose of this research was to formulate competitive strategies through simulated analysis of scenarios for the civil construction industry. The data for this explanatory study was collected by means of qualitative assessment questionnaires applied to construction company representatives. The non-probabilistic sampling technique

  4. Formulação de estratégias competitivas por meio de análise de cenários na construção civil Formulation of competitive strategies through analysis of scenarios for civil construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andriele Rodrigues

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A presente pesquisa consistiu em formular estratégias competitivas por meio de análise de cenários simulados no setor de construção civil. Trata-se de um estudo exploratório, onde o instrumento de coleta de dados foi o questionário de avaliação qualitativa, com representantes das construtoras. A técnica adotada no trabalho foi a amostragem nãoprobabilística realizada por conveniência. O método utilizado foi o modelo de simulação de cenários de Rojo (2006. Com o desenvolvimento de cenários simulados pôde-se obter condições para que as empresas da construção civil possam preparar-se antecipadamente para eventuais mudanças futuras, reduzindo suas incertezas organizacionais. Pôde-se concluir que a ferramenta de simulação de cenários utilizada é apropriada para auxiliar de forma estratégica o setor da construção civil, a simulação de cenários pode ser uma das alternativas a serem utilizadas, tanto pelo governo como pelas próprias empresas do setor. O modelo de Rojo diferencia-se dos demais roteiros de diagnóstico estratégico por buscar as variáveis diretamente com os players do setor. O setor delimitado na pesquisa teve, como resultado para a empresa em questão, formatado o planejamento estratégico de forma lógica não linear, ampliando a análise de variáveis na linha do tempo. Tal procedimento característico do modelo colabora com a precisão do processo decisório, com as devidas análises de possíveis caminhos cognitivos para a formulação de estratégia competitiva especificamente no caso da concorrência entre empresas da construção civil atuantes na mesma região.The purpose of this research was to formulate competitive strategies through simulated analysis of scenarios for the civil construction industry. The data for this explanatory study was collected by means of qualitative assessment questionnaires applied to construction company representatives. The non-probabilistic sampling technique

  5. Dynamic Comparison and Trend analysis of Southeast Guizhou’s Experimental Area of Eco-civilization Construction and the National Eco-efficiency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    In order to better understand the development level of eco-efficiency in Southeast Guizhou’s experimental area of eco-civilization construction,we conduct dynamic comparison research of its eco-efficiency and the national eco-efficiency,using single ratio method based on the ecological footprint model,to grasp the gap between its eco-efficiency and the national eco-efficiency,so that we can take appropriate countermeasures to improve eco-efficiency. The results show that in the period 1978-2010,the eco-efficiency in Southeast Guizhou’s experimental area of eco-civilization construction was always lower than the national eco-efficiency; the long-time average annual value of its eco-efficiency was less than one half of that of the national eco-efficiency,with the absolute gap of 1 630. 095 yuan /hm 2 ,and the gap tended to widen year by year in the period 1978-2002 ( the gap increased from 276. 551 yuan /hm 2 in 1978 to peak of 3 227. 713 yuan /hm 2 in 2002,with an average annual increase of 118. 047 yuan /hm 2 ,and especially after 1992,the gap was particularly evident,with an average annual increase of 194.771 yuan/hm 2 ) ,but from 2003,the gap between the two tended to decrease. Based on the prediction results of grey system,in the period 2011-2025,the gap between the eco-efficiency in Southeast Guizhou’s experimental area of eco-civilization construction and the national eco-efficiency will gradually narrow,and from 2019, the eco-efficiency in Southeast Guizhou’s experimental area of eco-civilization construction will be higher than the national eco-efficiency.

  6. On PR General Sectary Xi Jinping's Ideology of Ecological Civilization Construction%习近平的生态文明建设思想探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林明

    2015-01-01

    党的十八大以来,习近平通过一系列讲话形成了与时事进的生态文明建设思想. 首先,对我国生态文明建设现状表示出了强烈的忧患意识,主要包括两个"清醒认识"的重要论断. 其次,对生态文明建设的重要性予以全面阐释,指出生态文明建设是很大的政治,是最公平的公共产品和最普惠的民生福祉.再次,阐释了生态文明建设的方针与措施,主张生态文明建设要实行最严格的制度、最严密的法治,要构建社会主义生态文化,要完善体制机制并建立科学的政府绩效评估体系.%Since the 18th Party con gress,PR China General Sectary Xi Jinping has put forth a series of speeches about his advanced ideology about ecological civilization construction. In the speeches,Xi firstly expressed his strong suffering consciousness of ecological development,which mainly lies in two important judgments of "sober understanding of China's ecological civilization construction". Secondly,Xi also had a comprehensive interpretation of the importance of ecological civilization construction as a beneficial political policy being in favor with the general public. Again,principles and measures,stringent system,related strictest rules of law,improvement of the system mechanism and establishment of scientific system of government performance evaluation to guarantee the implement of ecological civilization construction had also been proposed by Xi.

  7. Exploring the Barriers and the Level of TQM Implementation in Malaysian Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tey, Lian Seng

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available More and More construction firms are engaging in Total Quality Management (TQM to improve the quality of their products which, in hope of, ultimately lead to higher level of customer satisfaction. However, there are still a number of players in Malaysian construction industry refused to implement TQM. This study aimed at identifying the barriers for construction firms to engage in TQM and tested its relationship with the level of implementation of TQM. Based on data collected from 138 engineers from Malaysian construction firms, the results showed that there were six barriers of implementation of TQM in Malaysian construction industry, which were lack of knowledgeable personnel, low bid mindset, lack of effective communication, extra cost and time consuming, lack of top management support and difficulties in measurement. The results also showed that only lack of effective communication and lack of top management support were not significantly associated with the level of implementation of TQM.

  8. The Small Helm Project: an academic activity addressing international corruption for undergraduate civil engineering and construction management students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benzley, Steven E

    2006-04-01

    This paper presents an academic project that addresses the issue of international corruption in the engineering and construction industry, in a manner that effectively incorporates several learning experiences. The major objectives of the project are to provide the students a learning activity that will 1) make a meaningful contribution within the disciplines being studied; 2) teach by experience a significant principle that can be valuable in numerous situations during an individual's career, and 3) engage the minds, experiences, and enthusiasm of the participants in a real ethical challenge that is prevalent in all of their chosen professional fields. The paper describes the full details of the project, the actual implementation of it during Winter Semester 2005, the experiences gained during the initial trial, and the modifications and improvements incorporated for future implementation.

  9. Labour Productivity in the New Zealand Construction Industry: A Thorough Investigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Van Dai Tran

    2011-03-01

    The research found that while factors influencing inputs of labour productivity measure such as labour and material costs remained stable, factors impacting the corresponding outputs such as house and land prices, value of work in Non-residential and Infrastructure construction grew significantly between 1997 and 2007. Given the positive skewing effect of standard economic indicators (inflation etc on construction labour productivity figures, the relatively poor performance of construction is worrying for the industry. The paper concludes by demonstrating labour productivity in construction is significantly worse performing than previously suspected.

  10. BIM in Malaysian Construction Industry: Status, Advantages, Barriers and Strategies to Enhance the Implementation Level

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aftab Hameed Memon

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Building Information Modeling (BIM is a new approach of construction design. It does not only facilitate the digital representation for designs but also provides all the necessary information for any project before it is constructed. Despite this advantage, the adoption of BIM in Malaysian construction is very low. Motivated by this, current study has focused on assessing current status of BIM implementation in Malaysian construction industry. It has also investigated advantages and disadvantages together with barriers to implementations of BIM and proposing effective strategies for enhancing the BIM implementation in construction industry. Investigation was done through survey where 150 questionnaire forms were distributed and 95 completed forms received back were analyzed with Average Index (AI and Relative Importance Index (RII method. Findings of the study revealed that the rate of BIM implementation in construction industry is very low. Major advantages of BIM are improved scheduling, improved drawing coordinated, controlling time and cost and singe detailed model. Enhanced collaboration, requires coordinated drawing, interoperability are the major disadvantages and limitations of BIM. Major barriers to low level of BIM implementation are lack of competent staff to operate the software, unawareness of the technology and non availability of parametric library. Provision of trial software, training of construction staff and introducing of BIM in university curriculum are very effective strategies in enhancing the implementation of BIM.

  11. The Nature of Payment Problems in the New Zealand Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thanuja Ramachandra

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Delay and loss of payment is a serious problem in the construction industry of many countries. These affect the cash flow of contractors which is critical to meeting their financial obligations. Payment defaults by the principal leads to insolvency of contractors and in turn other parts of the project chain. In recognition of some of these problems, most countries have established payment-specific construction industry legislation and other contractual measures to mitigate the problems, but nevertheless the problem persists. In this context, the paper examines the nature of payment problems in the construction industry in New Zealand. It is part of a larger study, that seeks solutions to payment losses in the construction industry.The study uses two approaches; an analysis of liquidators’ reports, and an analysis of court cases involving payment disputes to determine the magnitude of payment problems on construction parties. The findings are presented using simple descriptive and interpretive analyses. The study finds that trade creditors are impacted negatively (payment delays and losses by the liquidation of property developers, general construction and construction trade companies. 75% of trade creditors are unable to be paid fully by these categories of construction companies after liquidation proceedings. Liquidation proceedings take an average 18 months before they are finalised. The analysis of court cases found that 80% of payment disputes are between principals and contractors; with considerably significant percentage of disputes resulting in outright loss of payments. Only 40% of the cases are successful, in which case claimants are able to fully recover the amount in dispute. Payment losses are more prevalent in liquidation than delays and unlike in legal disputes, there is no security for those losses. The study finds that construction parties use remedies contained in the security of payment provisions within standard conditions

  12. The Nature of Payment Problems in the New Zealand Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thanuja Ramachandra

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Delay and loss of payment is a serious problem in the construction industry of many countries. These affect the cash flow of contractors which is critical to meeting their financial obligations. Payment defaults by the principal leads to insolvency of contractors and in turn other parts of the project chain. In recognition of some of these problems, most countries have established payment-specific construction industry legislation and other contractual measures to mitigate the problems, but nevertheless the problem persists. In this context, the paper examines the nature of payment problems in the construction industry in New Zealand. It is part of a larger study, that seeks solutions to payment losses in the construction industry.The study uses two approaches; an analysis of liquidators’ reports, and an analysis of court cases involving payment disputes to determine the magnitude of payment problems on construction parties. The findings are presented using simple descriptive and interpretive analyses. The study finds that trade creditors are impacted negatively (payment delays and losses by the liquidation of property developers, general construction and construction trade companies. 75% of trade creditors are unable to be paid fully by these categories of construction companies after liquidation proceedings. Liquidation proceedings take an average 18 months before they could be finalised. The analysis of court cases found that 80% of payment disputes are between principals and contractors; with considerably significant percentage of disputes resulting in outright loss of payments. Only 40% of the cases are successful, in which case claimants are able to fully recover the amount in dispute. Payment losses are more prevalent in liquidation than delays and unlike in legal disputes, there is no security for those losses. The study finds that construction parties use remedies contained in the security of payment provisions within standard

  13. Organisation, ‘anchoring’ of knowledge, and innovation in the construction industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drejer, Ina; Vinding, Anker Lund

    2004-01-01

    explanation for the relatively poor innovation performance of the industry. Using survey data from the Danish construction industry the paper investigates the importance of learning and ?anchoring? of project specific knowledge within the firms for facilitating engagement in innovative activities...... at the firm level. The data refer to the overall Danish construction industry, as well as a specific region, North Jutland, which is relatively specialised in construction. By using latent class and regression analysis the results show that firms, which to a high extent make use of partnering and other...... interorganisational features, combined with internal product and process evaluation and knowledge diffusion, are more likely to engage in innovative activities than firms that make less use of what we label ?knowledge anchoring mechanisms?. This indicates that there are ways for firms to compensate for the problems...

  14. 29 CFR 1926.1003 - Overhead protection for operators of agricultural and industrial tractors used in construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... industrial tractors used in construction. 1926.1003 Section 1926.1003 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor... protection for operators of agricultural and industrial tractors used in construction. (a) General—(1) Purpose. When overhead protection is provided on wheel-type agricultural and industrial tractors,...

  15. Performance measurement in the UK construction industry and its role in supporting the application of lean construction concepts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saad Sarhan

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Performance measurement has received substantial attention from researchers and the construction industry over the past two decades. This study sought to assess UK practitioners’ awareness of the importance of the use of appropriate performance measures and its role in supporting the application of Lean Construction (LC concepts. To enable the study to achieve its objectives, a review of a range of measurements developed to evaluate project performance including those devoted to support LC efforts was conducted. Consequently a questionnaire survey was developed and sent to 198 professionals in the UK construction industry as well as a small sample of academics with an interest in LC. Results indicated that although practitioners recognise the importance of the selection of non-financial performance measures, it has not been properly and widely implemented. The study identified the most common techniques used by UK construction organisations for performance measurement, and ranked a number of non-financial key performance indicators as significant. Some professed to have embraced the Last Planner System methodology as a means for performance measurement and organisational learning, while further questioning suggested otherwise. It was also suggested that substance thinking amongst professionals could be a significant hidden barrier that militates against the successful implementation of LC.

  16. 土木工程中混凝土施工技术分析%Analysis of the Concrete Construction Technology in Civil Engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小平

    2013-01-01

    In the building construction process, the choice of materials is extremely strict. The material quality is good or bad is often directly determines the quality of construction wo-rk. The essay analyzes the construction technology of civil en-gineering concrete and summarizes some useful suggestions to improve the quality of construction.%  在建筑工程施工过程中,选用的材料是异常严格的。材料质量好坏往往直接决定了建筑工程的质量。本文对土木工程中混凝土施工技术进行分析,总结了一些提高建筑工程质量的有效建议。

  17. Measures to Enhance the Applications of Eco Labels in Malaysian Construction Industry

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    As Malaysia is forecasted to be confronted with energy scarcity and variety of resource consumption for growing population and development, green urban planning and practices of energy use and consumption are the keys components for sustainable future. Hence, in the context of sustainable development, Malaysia’s construction industry is now calling for green practices and procurement in their industry. The international community had adopted measures to reduce environmental damage by establis...

  18. 生态文明建设的结构形态与路径选择%Structure Morphology and Path Choose of Ecological Civilization Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳越飞

    2015-01-01

    Through research we find that the social development of our country into the underlying causes of the ecological dilemma is the development of industrial civilization, our only capital, technology and other outer strengthen environmental protection can only palliatives, awaken the public to build an ecological civilization society awareness is the inevitable choice for China’s development and fundamental way.%通过研究我们不难发现,我国社会发展陷入生态困境的内在根源就是工业文明的发展,我国仅从资金、技术等外层加强环保只能治标不治本,唤醒社会大众共同建设生态文明社会的意识才是中国发展的必然选择和根本出路。

  19. End-to-end requirements management for multiprojects in the construction industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wörösch, Michael

    The research described in this PhD thesis focuses on the phenomenon that formalized requirements management, as many studies have shown, has yet to find its way into the construction industry, even though it is effectively used in other fields e.g. software development and the aerospace and defence...... structure is aimed at covering the entire life cycle of a building by considering future events. However, the developed requirements structure is not enough for managing requirements. Therefore an intensive literature study on requirements management in general and in particular requirements management...... industries. The research gives at the same time managers of construction projects a tool with which to manage their requirements end-to-end. In order to investigate how construction companies handle requirements, a case project – a Danish construction syndicate producing sandwich elements made from High...

  20. [Work-related diseases and the fitness to work in construction industry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riva, M M; Bancone, C; Bigoni, F; Bresciani, M; Santini, M; Mosconi, G

    2012-01-01

    The construction industry is characterized by a high number of fatal and nonfatal injuries and even higher prevalence of work-related diseases. The aim of this work is to analyze the results of a research project that has among its objectives the study of the prevalence of work-related diseases and the fitness to work in construction industry. In the period 2003-2011 were evaluated 2069 construction workers, from 218 companies (average age 37.9 years, mean seniority 21.1 years, 17.1 in the construction industry). The prevalence of work-related diseases was 14.06%, in the first place the noise-induced hearing loss, followed by musculoskeletal disorders and entrapment neuropathies. The 24.7% of fitness to work was influenced by the presence of limitations, the 0.6% of the population was not suitable for the specific task. The prevalence of work-related diseases in construction industry is high, with a peak among the elderly, but also significant occurrence among young people. It is important the percentage of the population with health problems that limit the fitness to work.

  1. Mapping the e-business profile and trends in cost management in the UK construction industry

    OpenAIRE

    Perera, Srinath; Park, Rachael; Udeaja, Chika; Zhou, Lei, L; Rodrigo, Anushi

    2012-01-01

    The advancement of e-business applications and IT infrastructure has had massive impact on construction business processes over the last decade. The added effects of globalisation coupled with global economic recession have forced businesses to implement e-business applications within their organisations. It is clear in all industries, that e-business technologies have become a key strategic vehicle in improving performance. In Construction, e-business applications complement most of the busi...

  2. Examination of Green Building Drivers in the South African Construction Industry: Economics versus Ecology

    OpenAIRE

    Abimbola Olukemi Windapo

    2014-01-01

    There is a large body of literature on green buildings, but few studies have focused on the motivation behind the construction of green buildings globally, and in South Africa in particular. This paper investigates the key drivers of green building in the Western Cape Construction Industry of South Africa and examines whether these drivers have changed over time. A comprehensive literature review was undertaken to provide an overview of green building issues globally and in South Africa, fol...

  3. Trends of House Construction and Wood Industries after the Asian Economic Crisis in Korea 

    OpenAIRE

    Choi, Soo Im; Sakai, Masahiro; Okamori, Akinori; Kang, Hag Mo

    2002-01-01

    The economic crisis of Korea occurred from the second half of 1997 had direct and serious influence all over the domestic economy. This study considered what influence change of the housing construction that determines wood demand, and the exchange rate that are the main causes of an economic crisis had on timber supply and demand structure or wood industrial structure. In results, rapid dullness of the housing construction activity under an economic crisis brought about the big reduction of ...

  4. “现实的个人”与生态文明建设%"Reality of the Individual"and Ecological Civilization Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘浏

    2016-01-01

    生态文明不是脱离人的文明,以人为本是生态文明建设理应坚持的原则。马克思关于“现实的个人”的概念,从哲学角度详细阐述了人的本质问题,以此理论为出发点,深化对以人为本原则的认识,从而把握以人为本的生态文明建设的实质,生态文明建设实质就是对于人的本质的重塑,实现“现实的个人”的自然和社会双重属性的协调,彰显劳动自由自觉的特性。立足现实,生态文明建设就是要通过树立绿色消费理念、集体主义观念,通过全面深化改革实现人的本质的重塑。%Ecological civilization is not the one separated from human beings,but people-orientedness is the principle eco-logical civilization construction should adhere to.Marx concept on the"realistic individual"expounded the essence of human na-ture from a philosophical point of view.Based on this concept,deepening the understanding of the principle of people-orienta-tion and grasping the essence of the construction of ecological civilization.The essence of the construction of ecological civiliza-tion is the reconstruction of human nature,the coordination of the nature and the social nature of the"realistic individual",the formation of the characteristics of the free and conscious labor.Based on reality,the construction of ecological civilization is to establish the concept of green consumption,the concept of collectivism,through the comprehensive deepening of reform to a-chieve the essence of the remodeling.

  5. Study on Measures of Environmental Audit Promoting Ecological Civilization Construction%环境审计促进生态文明建设的措施研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩德静

    2014-01-01

    加强和完善环境审计是促进生态文明建设,保障我国经济社会可持续发展的重要举措之一。本文以加强环境审计,服务生态文明建设为主旨,在对环境审计所面临的问题进行分析的基础上,从如何开展符合中国国情的环境审计、环境审计队伍建设、机制建设和服务意识等方面,探讨解决问题的对策。%To strengthen and improve the environmental audit is an important measure to promote the construction of ecological civilization and ensure our country's economic and social sustainable development. In this thesis, aiming to strengthen environmental auditing services for the subject construction of ecological civilization, the solutions based on the analysis of problems in environmental audit are discussed in respect of the environmental audit suited to China's national conditions, environmental audit team construction, mechanism construction and service awareness, etc.

  6. A revisit on the current practice of dispute resolution and ADR in the Malaysian construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Suhaimi Mohd Danuri

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The current dispute resolution procedures available in the Malaysian construction industry are mainly litigation and arbitration. In addition, the alternative dispute resolutions (ADR, namely mediation and adjudication, have also been introduced as the other methods for resolving disputes. The objective of this study is to examine the current practice of dispute resolution and ADR available in the Malaysian construction industry. The aim of this paper is two-fold: to report the current practice of dispute resolution and ADR, and identify the attributes of successful implementation of both mechanisms based on the perceptions of the Malaysian construction industry players. From the jurisprudence point of view, this study looks into the law as it is, in relation to the current practice of dispute resolution and ADR, by showing how those findings can be used to explain why improvement is needed to promote a successful and well received dispute resolution and ADR, and what lessons can be learnt, towards the formulation of a more viable methods for the Malaysian construction industry. NVivo software has been used to manage and organise the complete interview transcripts and facilitate the data analysis process for this study. Literature review reveals a continuous development of dispute resolution and ADR in the Malaysian construction industry, while, globally the industry has not only embraced ADR but also spearheaded the development of innovative forms of dispute avoidance mechanism. The findings of interviews show that locally, apart from litigation, the common types of ADR are arbitration, mediation and ad hoc mechanism. The findings also lead to the discovery of the following attributes: faster, less procedural, cost effective and enforceable; regulation and government's support; professionalism and ethic; training; and facility, that may promote a successful implementation of dispute resolution and ADR in Malaysia.

  7. Occupational Health Hazards of Women Working in Brick Kiln and Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. G Vaidya

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In brick kiln and construction industry the exposure to carbon monoxide and silica dust is the most common occupational hazard to the workers in these industries. A study on occupational health hazards of working women in these two unorganized sectors was undertaken by Lokmanya Medical Research Centre. Objectives: To study the effect of work site environment on the health of the women working in brick kiln and construction industry. An attempt was also made to study the seasonal changes in the concentration of carbon monoxide and dust at the worksite. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the working women (age 18-40 years at brick kilns and construction sites during summer and winter season. They were examined primarily to assess the effect of working environment on health. Gasteck Detector Pump of model 800 and air sampling instrument (SKC Air Check–52 were used to measure concentration of carbon monoxide and dust in the air respectively. Results: There were 66% of women who were in the age group of 18-40 years and most of them (94% were married. At brick kiln sites, average CO exposure was 62.8 ppm and 55.5 ppm and average dust exposure was 3 3 146.1 mg/m and 91.4 mg/m in summer and winter season respectively.At construction sites, average dust exposure was 41.5 ppm and 90.8 ppm in summer and winter. Conclusion: Both exposure to CO and dust were more in summer than in winter in brick kiln industry whereas in construction industry the exposure to dust was more in winter season. A high level of morbidity in the form of headache, bodyache, problems with vision, cough and breathlessness were observed in both industries. It is strongly recommended to take pollution control measures.

  8. The Influence and Strategy of Transmission to the Civil Moral Construction%论传播对公民道德建设的影响与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢鸿雁

    2011-01-01

    在全国人民大力加强公民道德建设之际,作为为社会服务的新闻媒体,理当充分发挥其在社会意识形态形成中的影响力和渗透力,为公民道德建设服务。但是,目前传播领域确存在一些严重的问题,如有偿新闻、虚假新闻、传播内容的媚俗化等,给公民道德建设带来不少负面影响。这些问题的产生原因故然很多.但新闻工作者的职业道德素质好坏是其关键。所以,如何提高新闻工作者的职业道德素质以提高媒体传播质量.更好地为公民道德建设服务,应是传播领域应关注的关键所在。%Under the condition of strengthening the civil moral construction, as the media for social service, it is necessary to give full play of the influence and seepage force in the social ideology and give service to the moral construction. However, transmission field exist some problems, such as the paid news, fake news and the obsequiousness of news, bring some bad influence to the civil moral construction. Many reasons are contributed to the problems, but the key reason is the quality of the worker. Therefore, improving the working quality of the worker and the quality of media transmission and giving a better service to the civil moral construction should be the key of the transmission field.

  9. Measures to Enhance the Applications of Eco Labels in Malaysian Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong Iffah Zawana

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available As Malaysia is forecasted to be confronted with energy scarcity and variety of resource consumption for growing population and development, green urban planning and practices of energy use and consumption are the keys components for sustainable future. Hence, in the context of sustainable development, Malaysia’s construction industry is now calling for green practices and procurement in their industry. The international community had adopted measures to reduce environmental damage by establishing eco labelling schemes and also promoting the sustainable design and concepts. It started with the Malaysian government also has responded very positively to this matter. In 1996, Standards and Industrial Research Institute of Malaysia (SIRIM launched the national eco-labelling program verifying products according to environmental criteria as tools and initiatives to express concern and support to sustainable development. Taking into consideration the infancy stage of the Malaysia green marketing initiative, this study therefore conducted with the aim to propose measures to enhance the applications of Eco Labels in Malaysian construction industry.  The objectives of the research are to investigate the existing policies pertaining the eco labelling, to determine the factors in implementing the eco labelling scheme as well as to identify the barriers and possible measures to further enhance the use of eco labelling in construction industry. Survey were conducted via variables from the literature review regarding the policies pertaining the eco labelling in Malaysia and questionnaire method for factors and barriers to implement the eco labels and the measures to enhance the application of eco labels with respondents from various construction companies among construction players that have involved and experienced with green project.  Data obtained were analysed using Average Index and Correlation method via the SPSS.  The result shown that, the

  10. 加强地质环境保护服务生态文明建设%Strengthening the Protection of Geological Environment and Serving the Construction of Ecological Civilization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关凤峻

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, there is a good condition for the construction of ecological civilization based on the work for environmental protection in mines. On this basis, this paper focuses on some proposes for improving the construction of ecological civilization. These include: prevention and control of geological disaster must be contunually strengthened in the course of the construction of industrialization, informationization, urbanization and agricultural modernization. Accountability system, compensation for damages, and restoration with regard to mine geological environment should be established. Meanwhile, the functions for groundwater monitoring and supervision and protection should be earnestly carried out and continuously reinforced. Both investigation and evaluation and industrial development of shallow geothermal resource should be further promoted. And we should put great efforts on energy production and consumer revolution, as well as geological culture and boutique geological park construction for cultural construction and local economic and social development.%  地质环境友好是生态文明建设的基础,近年来我国的地质环境保护工作为生态文明建设提供了良好的基础。未来要不断加强新“四化”建设过程中的地质灾害防治工作;探索建立矿山地质环境责任追究制度、环境损害赔偿与恢复制度,积极履行不断强化地下水监测监督和保护职能;进一步推进地热浅层地温能调查评价和产业发展,推动能源生产和消费革命;推进地质文化、公园精品建设,更好地服务文化建设和地方经济社会发展。

  11. Exploring Civilizations with 'Seven Wolves'

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Jie

    2007-01-01

    @@ Beijing - A farewell party for the CCTV (China Central Television) crew 'Road to Civilizations-Global Exploration Tour of World Major Civilizations' - the world's first TV series documenting the journey of exploring the 12 civilizations in the human world, was sponsored by Fujian Septwolves Industry Co., Ltd and held at the Beijing Landmark hotel on 16 January.

  12. Evolutionary, Unconscious Design Support for the Architectural, Engineering and Construction Industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van de Ruitenbeek, H.K.M.

    2012-01-01

    The Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry is a complex system in which carpenters, structural designers, architects, modellers, cost estimators, planners, politicians and many others act apart together in project-specific virtual enterprises. There is a large amount of actors, an

  13. Transparency, market operation and trust in the Dutch construction industry: an exploratory study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graafland, Johan; Nijhof, André

    2007-01-01

    After the discovery of illegal price agreements in the Dutch construction industry, the government and major players in the sector have initiated a transition process towards more professional commercial relations. In the transition process transparency plays an important part, as it is a preconditi

  14. A TEACHING PROGRAM FOR INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY, THE WORLD OF CONSTRUCTION. (TITLE SUPPLIED).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illinois Univ., Champaign.

    THE DAILY SCHEDULE IS GIVEN FOR THE INDUSTRIAL ARTS CURRICULUM PROJECT'S FIRST YEAR COURSE IN CONSTRUCTION. INFORMATION TOPICS AND ALLOTTED CLASSTIME ARE GIVEN FOR 170 DAYS OF INSTRUCTION. CATEGORIES IN THE SCHEDULE ARE -- (1) READING ASSIGNMENT, (2) WORKBOOK, (3) PRESENTATION, (4) DISCUSSION, (5) STUDENT ACTIVITY, (6) LAB MANUAL, (7) LAB…

  15. Financial Awareness Education with Apprentices in the Australian Construction Industry: Program Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du Plessis, Karin; Green, Emma

    2013-01-01

    A financial awareness education program was implemented with construction industry apprentices in Victoria, Australia. The program included face-to-face delivery of education around a range of financial management issues that apprentices face as they begin their apprenticeship. The paper reports on an evaluation of the program, which included…

  16. Construction waste management based on industrial management models: a Swedish case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stenis, Jan

    2005-02-01

    This paper describes a methodology for estimating the true internal costs of construction waste, aimed at promoting environmentally friendly waste management. The study employs cost-benefit analysis, contribution margin analysis, the polluter-pays principle and a mathematical model: the model for Efficient Use of Resources for Optimal Production Economy (EUROPE), which has been introduced previously by the author for assigning industrial costs to waste. The calculations are performed on construction waste created in a case study of a building project. Moreover, waste is regarded as, in a business sense, having the same basic status as any normal industrial product, namely the 'equality principle'. Application of the methodology is suggested to create incentives for environmental and profitability improvement in construction companies and other types of industrial sectors. The results of the case study show the generation of construction waste to substantially decrease the final operating income, due to the internal shadow price cost it creates. This paper is intended to reduce the gap between the choice of waste management procedures and their economic impact, the overall objective being to accomplish an improved industrial environmental situation.

  17. Industrial Training of Construction Students: Perceptions of Training Organizations in Ghana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayarkwa, Joshua; Adinyira, Emmanuel; Osei-Asibey, Dickson

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The industrial training component in a university's curricula adds tremendous value to a degree programme by enhancing the employable skills of graduates. The purpose of this paper is to assess the perception of organisations that have trained construction students from the Department of Building Technology of the Kwame Nkrumah University…

  18. A Feasibility Study of a Computer-Based Manpower Information System for the Construction Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markowitz, Edward A.; And Others

    The result of a Presidential directive, this study was conducted to determine the feasibility and means for implementing a computer-assisted labor market information system designed to improve information flow in and about the construction industry. Data were collected by means of: (1) extensive research reviews, (2) contact with selected…

  19. Women in the Construction Industry in the U.K.: a Cultural Discord?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagilhole, Barbara M.; Dainty, Andrew R. J.; Neale, Richard H.

    The construction industry is the most male dominated of all industrial sectors in the United Kingdom. This article reports on a study that explored women's and men's experiences of working in the industry, focusing on how the cultural aspects of the workplace environment impinged upon women's career development. We interviewed more than 80 male and female construction professionals from large construction organizations, and compared their career accounts in order to establish the aspects of the workplace culture that had a gender-differentiated impact on progression. We found that construction organizations formed competitive "power" cultures where women's contributions were marginalized and their careers impeded through a combination of inflexible work practices and discriminatory behavior. These barriers to women's careers were maintained in small project teams by autonomous male operational managers. Their locus of control embraced recruitment, promotion, and staff development, which allowed them to sustain a workplace culture intolerant of nontraditional entrants. We conclude that this cultural environment is likely to remain problematic for women unless it can be changed in a way that values their contribution. This requires a radical shift in middle management attitudes, a departure from current organizational human resource management systems, and a wider acceptance of the need for cultural change within the industry.

  20. Relationship between time management in construction industry and project management performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasir, Najuwa; Nawi, Mohd Nasrun Mohd; Radzuan, Kamaruddin

    2016-08-01

    Nowadays, construction industry particularly in Malaysia struggle in achieving status of eminent time management for construction project. Project managers have a great responsibility to keep the project success under time of project completion. However, studies shows that delays especially in Malaysian construction industry still unresolved due to weakness in managing the project. In addition, quality of time management on construction projects is generally poor. Due to the progressively extended delays issue, time performance becomes an important subject to be explored to investigate delay factors. The method of this study is review of literature towards issues in construction industry which affecting time performance of project in general by focusing towards process involved for project management. Based on study, it was found that knowledge, commitment, cooperation are the main criteria as an overall to manage the project into a smooth process during project execution until completion. It can be concluded that, the strength between project manager and team members in these main criteria while conducting the project towards good time performance is highly needed. However, there is lack of establishment towards factors of poor time performance which strongly related with project management. Hence, this study has been conducted to establish factors of poor time performance and its relations with project management.

  1. Some Reflections on Contemporary Eco-civilization Construction in China%对当代中国生态文明建设的几点思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘广全

    2013-01-01

    建设生态文明是关系人民福祉、关乎民族未来的长远大计。“生态文明”理念是继中国特色社会主义“物质文明、精神文明、政治文明和社会文明”之后提出的第五个文明,是顺应人类社会文明进程、实现永续发展、传承马克思主义和弘扬华夏优秀传统的必然,也是中国特色社会主义文明体系中不可缺少的重要组成部分。党的十八大和十八届三中全会把生态文明建设提升到与经济、政治、文化、社会四大建设并列的高度,列入“五位一体”建设的总布局,凸显生态文明建设的地位。中国面对资源约束趋紧、环境污染严重、生态系统退化的严峻形势,用不到世界10%的耕地和6%的淡水养活了超过全球21%的人口,用不到30%的世界人均资源占有率创造了约世界10.0%的GDP ,为世界和平发展做出了杰出贡献,要维持中国社会经济快速稳步发展。到2020年实现 GDP比2000年的翻两番,全面建成小康社会,为实现这一目标,必须坚守“一个”目的,实现永续发展;尊重自然规律,推进“两个”转变;坚持“三项”原则,维护公平正义;做好顶层设计,实施“四大”战略;处好“五种”关系,统筹协调发展。最终实现天蓝、地绿、水净生态文明的繁荣富强美丽中国。%The ecological civilization construction in China is the relationship between the welfare of the people, in relation to the nation’s future long-term plan.“Ecological civilization”concept proposed is following the fifth civilization after“material civilization, spiritual civilization, political civilization and civilized society”with Chinese socialism characteristics;is inevitable to follow the progress of human civilization, to achieve sustainable development, to promote the heritage of Marxism, to raise excellent Chinese tradition, and also is indispensable important part of Chinese

  2. Prioritization of Effective Risk Factors on Oil Industry Construction Projects (By PMBOK Standard Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Baharmand

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This study is an applied, analytic-descriptive research in terms of nature. It is thus an analysis in which a sample has been applied for data collection and it is descriptive since its variables are assessed and reported as they are in reality. This study seeks to identify effective risks existing in construction industry specifically in the national macro projects such as oil industry projects through utilizing Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK model and to estimate the relative impact of each risk on the projects. It aims at prioritizing the effective risk factors on the construction projects (a case study of National Iranian Oil Company. Thus NIOC construction projects, consulting engineers companies and contractor companies in construction projects of oil industry have been selected as the statistical universe to identify and prioritize the risks. Due to the focus of oil industry construction projects on South Pars Special Economic Zone, under planning, implementation or completion phases and with regard to the phases' expansion in terms of number and volume of activities and also strategic features and confidentiality of information, three phases out of 28 ones have been case-studied. It is generally concluded in this study that with respect to the country significant strategic, geopolitical, geographical, economic and military position in the world, it is a matter of great magnitude to regard the risks identification and management as one of the important areas in the project management and to consider it as a national and comprehensive plan when designing and ratifying industrial projects of the country.

  3. 高校精神文明建设与社会环境的关系研究%A Research on the Relationships of Spiritual Civilization Construction and Social Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖曦

    2012-01-01

    Spiritual civilization construction is an important benchmark measure of socialist spiritual civilization, is also an important area of socialist spiritual civifization. This paper describes the relationships of spiritual civilization construction and social environment, and proposed measures for spiritual civilization construction in the new era.%高校精神文明建设是衡量社会主义精神文明的重要标尺,也是社会主义精神文明建设的重要阵地。本文阐述了高校精神文明建设与社会环境的关系,并提出了新时期高校精神文明建设的措施。

  4. An Analysis of the Dual Dimension of Eco-civilization Construction%生态文明建设的双重维度探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张炜丽

    2014-01-01

    The Report of the 18th NCCPC proposes the five-in-one strategy,that is,the combination of eco-civilization construction,economic construction,political construction,cultural construction and social construction.However,the conscious lack of environmental protection impairs the sustainable develop-ment of China.Therefore,it is necessary to popularize the concept of eco-civilization construction,put it into practice,develop eco-protection tech in the mode of production,and establish a system of laws and regulations.%党的十八大报告把生态文明建设提到了前所未有的高度,与经济建设、政治建设、文化建设、社会建设共同构成了“五位一体”的总布局。然而,要真正实现“美丽中国,永续发展”的目标,就必须正视目前我国存在的环境保护意识缺失和狭隘的环境保护意识盛行的现象。因而,在宣传生态文明建设理念的同时,更要把这种理念付诸于实践,通过改变生产方式、研发生态保护技术、建立健全法律法规体系,使生态文明建设的理念和实践有机地结合。

  5. Energy cogeneration contributions in the wood quality as civil construction material; Contribuicoes da cogeracao de energia na qualidade da madeira como material de construcao civil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lima, Carlos Roberto de

    1993-07-01

    This work presents the practicable technical alternative for the improvement of solid wood quality used in the building construction. Through the reality of the solid wood Amazon Region's production and actual generation conception; cogeneration, economy and efficiency on the energy application; the alternative displayed proposes the modification on the lay-out production and production process seeking the best quality obtention of the solid wood; the replace of the petroleum derived energetics by biomass (residues) and the introduction on the production site, the solid wood drying process. The production alternatives proposed can contribute for the solid wood production cost reduction, through the fuel economy, the imperfect number piece reduction and transportation cost production reduction. Contributing significantly for the cost/benefit/quality wood relations, enabling its placement of the consuming market on the Northeast, Southeast, South and Middle west Regions and so on the international market with competitive costs. (author)

  6. Influence of chemical composition of civil construction waste in the cement paste; Influencia da composicao quimica dos residuos da construcao civil a pasta de cimento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cunha, G.A.; Andrade, A.C.D.; Souza, J.M.M.; Evangelista, A.C.J.; Almeida, V.C., E-mail: valeria@eq.ufrj.b [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (EQ/UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Escola de Quimica

    2009-07-01

    The construction and demolition waste when disposed inappropriately might cause serious public health problems. Its reutilization focusing on the development of new products using simple production techniques, assuring a new product life cycle and not damaging the environment is inserted in sustainable concept. The aim of this work was identifying the characteristics of types of waste generated in a residential reform (glassy ceramic and fill dirt leftovers) verifying separately its influence on cement pastes mechanical behavior. Cement pastes + wastes were prepared in 25% and 50% proportions with an approximately 0,35 water/cement relation and, glue time determination, water absorption, resistance to compression and X-ray fluorescence assays were taken. The results indicate that the chemical composition of the waste causes changes in the behavior of cement pastes, reflecting on their resistance to compression. (author)

  7. MATES in Construction: Impact of a Multimodal, Community-Based Program for Suicide Prevention in the Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graham Martin

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available A large-scale workplace-based suicide prevention and early intervention program was delivered to over 9,000 construction workers on building sites across Queensland. Intervention components included universal General Awareness Training (GAT; general mental health with a focus on suicide prevention; gatekeeper training provided to construction worker volunteer ‘Connectors’; Suicide First Aid (ASIST training offered to key workers; outreach support provided by trained and supervised MIC staff; state-wide suicide prevention hotline; case management service; and postvention support provided in the event of a suicide. Findings from over 7,000 workers (April 2008 to November 2010 are reported, indicating strong construction industry support, with 67% building sites and employers approached agreeing to participate in MIC. GAT participants demonstrated significantly increased suicide prevention awareness compared with a comparison group. Connector training participants rated MIC as helpful and effective, felt prepared to intervene with a suicidal person, and knew where to seek help for a suicidal individual following the training. Workers engaged positively with the after-hours crisis support phone line and case management. MIC provided postvention support to 10 non-MIC sites and sites engaged with MIC, but not yet MIC-compliant. Current findings support the potential effectiveness and social validity of MIC for preventing suicide in construction workers.

  8. Constructing and Application of Intelligent Call Center of Civil Air Defence%人防智能化呼叫中心的构建及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵华; 王海阔

    2012-01-01

    In this paper,analysis the necessity and feasibility of the intelligence call center used in civil air defence,and thorough discuss the working principle and the function used in civil air defence actions.Based on the research construct an intelligence call center system which adapt to civil air defence characters and focused on the soft-switch technology,then forecast the foreground in the evacuate and conceal actions in wartime and the emergency rescue actions in peacetime.%本文分析了呼叫中心在人防中应用的必要性和可行性,对其工作原理和在人防行动中的作用进行了深入探讨,在此基础上构建了基于软交换技术并适合人防特点的智能化呼叫中心系统,并对其在战时疏散掩蔽行动和平时的应急救援行动中应用前景进行了预测。

  9. UTILIZATION OF INDUSTRIAL BYPRODUCT AS RAW MATERIAL IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY- A REVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VAISHALI SAHU

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available A large quantity of sludge rich in nutrients and microorganisms is generated every year from water and wastewater treatment plants, the final destination of which affects the environment. Generally, dewatered sludge is disposed of by spreading on the land or by land filling. However, space limitations on existing landfill sites and problems of waste stabilization have prompted investigation into alternative reuse techniques and disposal routes for sludge. A more reasonable approach is to view the sludge as a resource that can be recycled or reused. Many researchers have exploited the reuse of lime sludge from water treatment plant and sewage sludge ash as an inexpensive source of soil stabilizer in sub grade stabilization and soft cohesive soil respectively. Sewage sludge pellets (SSP has replaced sand in concrete manufacturing for pavements. The use of SSP as substituting material in raw mix formulation in Portland cement manufacturing has been studied by many researchers. Experimental results showed the feasibility of the partial replacement (15 and 30% of cement by sewage sludge ash (SSA in mortars. This paper highlights the potential of dried sludge, sludge pellets and sludge ash in various building materials for construction.

  10. Stepwise modularization in the construction industry using a bottom-up approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kudsk, Anders; Grønvold, Martin O'Brien; Olsen, Magnus Holo

    2013-01-01

    The manufacturing industry has experienced a great deal of improvement in efficiency and cost reductions throughout the last centuries. But although there have been improvements in the manufacturing industry, the principles and work methods in the construction industry have stood still for more...... than a hundred years. Based on principles of mass customization applied in the manufacturing industry, two cases of successful implementation of mass customization and modularization have been investigated as a means of showcasing the possibility to incorporate standardization in parts....... This led to a standardization of the shafts. Three types of shafts that make up 95 percent of the investigated market were defined. Based on the findings and experiences gathered through the standardization, it is concluded that the principles of mass customization of a sub-part can be successful when...

  11. Projects Delay Factors of Saudi Arabia Construction Industry Using PLS-SEM Path Modelling Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul RahmanIsmail

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the development of PLS-SEM Path Model of delay factors of Saudi Arabia construction industry focussing on Mecca City. The model was developed and assessed using SmartPLS v3.0 software and it consists of 37 factors/manifests in 7 groups/independent variables and one dependent variable which is delay of the construction projects. The model was rigorously assessed at measurement and structural components and the outcomes found that the model has achieved the required threshold values. At structural level of the model, among the seven groups, the client and consultant group has the highest impact on construction delay with path coefficient β-value of 0.452 and the project management and contract administration group is having the least impact to the construction delay with β-value of 0.016. The overall model has moderate explaining power ability with R2 value of 0.197 for Saudi Arabia construction industry representation. This model will able to assist practitioners in Mecca city to pay more attention in risk analysis for potential construction delay.

  12. Innovation Performance and Its Impact on Profitability Among Different Sectors in the Australian Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Hardie

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The BRITE (Building Research Information Technology and Environment project was established by the Australian Cooperative Research Centre for Construction Innovation to encourage innovation in the construction industry. While innovation is generally perceived to be broadly beneficial, there has been little formal study of its occurrence or impact in Australian construction or of the factors which foster an innovative atmosphere within an enterprise. In order to benchmark innovation performance, the BRITE project conducted a survey in 2004 into the nature, incidence and variety of technological and organisational innovations in various sectors of the industry. With some exceptions, the survey found that clients and consultants engaged in significantly higher levels of innovation than did suppliers, main contractors or trade contractors. Within the industry sectors those organisations classified as high innovators favoured the adoption of advanced management practices and had formal evaluation systems in place to judge their progress. They reported significant positive impacts on their profitability from innovation and can therefore provide instructive examples for the rest of the industry to follow.

  13. A Brief Talk on Construction of Chinese Modern Civil Culture%中国现代性公民文化的构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    全家悦

    2012-01-01

    China' s practice in recent years shows that modern construction of civic culture is an urgent requirement of the construction of socialist political civilization with Chinese characteristics.Citizenship,diversity of cultural forms,ordering of political participation,is the contemporary practice of Chinese citizen culture built on value,form,scale of basic requirements.Citizens ' cultural is a long process of history,strengthening the construction of socialist market economy,making great efforts to train citizens,actively cultivating civil society,combining ideological and political education and civic culture construction,is the choice of constructing contemporary Chinese citizen's culture.%中国近几年的实践表明,现代性公民文化的构建是中国特色社会主义政治文明建设的迫切要求。对象的公民性,文化形式的多元性,政治参与的有序性,是当代中国公民文化构建在价值、形式、实践尺度方面的基本要求。公民文化的培养是一个长期的历史积淀过程,加强社会主义市场经济建设,努力培养公民性,积极培育公民社会,把思想政治教育和公民文化建设相结合,是构建当代中国公民文化的路径选择。

  14. Final Environmental Assessment: Addressing Construction of a New Civil Engineering Workshop at Bellows Air Force Station, O’ahu, Hawaii

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    Craig Gorsuch , Det 2, 18 FSS/CEE Environmental Program Manager, 515 Tinker Road, Waimanalo, Hawai?i 96795-1903. Requests can also be made by addressing...this document should be directed to Craig Gorsuch , Det 2, 18 FSS/CEE, Environmental Program Manager, 515 Tinker Road, Waimanalo, Hawai‘i 96795-1903...be conducted to rul611 Sect. 106, and CZMA requirements. 5. Please provide comments directly to Mr. Craig Gorsuch , Det 2, 18 FSS/CEE, Civil

  15. Construction of integrative plasmids suitable for genetic modification of industrial strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leite, Fernanda Cristina Bezerra; Dos Anjos, Rute Salgues Gueiros; Basilio, Anna Carla Moreira; Leal, Guilherme Felipe Carvalho; Simões, Diogo Ardaillon; de Morais, Marcos A

    2013-01-01

    The development of efficient tools for genetic modification of industrial yeast strains is one of the challenges that face the use of recombinant cells in industrial processes. In this study, we examine how the construction of two complementary integrative vectors can fulfill the major requirements of industrial recombinant yeast strains: the use of lactose assimilation genes as a food-grade yeast selection marker, and a system of integration that does not leave hazardous genes in the host genome and involves minimal interference in the yeast physiology. The pFB plasmid set was constructed to co-integrate both LAC4-based and LAC12-based cassettes into the ribosomal DNA (rDNA) locus to allow yeast cells to be selected in lactose medium. This phenotype can also be used to trace the recombinant cells in the environment by simply being plated on X-gal medium. The excisable trait of the LAC12 marker allows the introduction of many different heterologous genes, and makes it possible to introduce a complete heterologous metabolic pathway. The cloned heterologous genes can be highly expressed under the strong and constitutive TPI1 gene promoter, which can be exchanged for easy digestion of enzymes if necessary. This platform was introduced into Saccharomyces cerevisiae JP1 industrial strain where a recombinant with high stability of markers was produced without any change in the yeast physiology. Thus, it proved to be an efficient tool for the genetic modification of industrial strains.

  16. Migration and Health in the Construction Industry: Culturally Centering Voices of Bangladeshi Workers in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutta, Mohan J.

    2017-01-01

    Construction workers globally face disproportionate threats to health and wellbeing, constituted by the nature of the work they perform. The workplace fatalities and lost-time injuries experienced by construction workers are significantly greater than in other forms of work. This paper draws on the culture-centered approach (CCA) to dialogically articulate meanings of workplace risks and injuries, voiced by Bangladeshi migrant construction workers in Singapore. The narratives voiced by the participants suggest an ecological approach to workplace injuries in the construction industries, attending to food insecurity, lack of sleep, transportation, etc. as contextual features of work that shape the risks experienced at work. Moreover, participant voices point to the barriers in communication, lack of understanding, and experiences of incivility as features of work that constitute the ways in which they experience injury risks. The overarching discourses of productivity and efficiency constitute a broader climate of threats to worker safety and health. PMID:28146056

  17. PROBLEMS OF PROJECTS AND EFFECTS OF DELAYS IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY OF PAKISTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Haseeb

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The problem of project delays is a fact that occurs mostly in construction industry of Pakistan. Delays are always measured as expensive to all parties concerned in the projects and very often it will result in clash, claims, total desertion and much difficult for the feasibility and it slows the growth of construction sector. For analyzing the causes of delay, an appraisal on construction project’s time performance was conducted. The main objective of this study is the identification of factors of delay and their effects on the success and completion of project. The most common factor of delay are natural disaster in Pakistan like flood and earthquake and some others like financial and payment problems, improper planning, poor site management, insufficient experience, shortage of materials and equipment etc. This paper covers the delay factors and causes of delay and some suggestion for reducing these delays in large construction projects in Pakistan.

  18. Vigorously Develop Satellite Application Industry to Serve National Socio-economic Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bian Ji

    2010-01-01

    @@ China International Aviation and Aerospace Forum 2010 was held on November 15 in Zhuhai, Guangdong Province.Vice President of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC)Rui Xiaowu delivered a speech at the forum with the theme of "vigorously developing satellite application industry to serve national socio-economic construction".He stated in his speech that as an important method for information transmission, navigation and position and obtaining geographic information satellite applications have been integrated into all industries in the national economy in China and have become one of the indispensable information infrastructures for national security, the economy and society.

  19. Australian influences on Elton Mayo: the construct of Revery in industrial society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Mark A; Landy, Frank J; Mayocchi, Lisa

    2002-11-01

    Elton Mayo was born in Australia and spent most of his first 42 years living in that country. This article explores the Australian context in which he developed his views views of Australia compared with that of the United States during the time that Mayo developed his approach to psychology and the role of workers in industry. In addition, the social context in which Mayo established his career was shaped by significant political events in Australia. The construct of revery, which describes a specific state of consciousness, is central to Mayo's early theorizing and was developed by Mayo partly in reaction to political and industrial conflict occurring in Australia.

  20. A Review of the Case of a Levy-Grant Scheme (LGS) in the UK Construction Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel-Wahab, Mohamed; Dainty, Andrew; Ison, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    A Levy-Grant Scheme (LGS) has existed in the UK construction industry since 1964 to provide financial support for companies undertaking training activities. Despite the support of the LGS for various training activities, notably apprenticeships, the construction industry continues to suffer from both labour shortages and an under-investment in…

  1. Employers' Perception of Graduates with Entry-Level Technical Skills from Construction Industry Programs in Ghana and Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acheampong, Philip

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this comparative study was to identify the technical skills and abilities needed by prospective employees of construction industries in Ghana and Nigeria. Potential employees were defined here as recent graduates of construction industry programs with entry-level technical skills. The continuous growth in and expansion of these two…

  2. Representações do trabalho entre trabalhadores informais da construção civil Representaciones del trabajo en trabajadores informales en la construcción civil The representation of work among irregular construction workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberval Passos de Oliveira

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo buscou compreender as representações do trabalho entre trabalhadores informais da construção civil. Foi adotada como referencial teórico a Teoria das Representações Sociais. Diante da complexidade do problema de pesquisa abordado, fez-se uso de múltiplas técnicas de coleta de dados: entrevistas em profundidade com oito trabalhadores e observação participante. Os resultados revelaram que o trabalho é representado como uma dimensão central na vida dos trabalhadores, subsidiando a sobrevivência material e social. Entretanto, o trabalho na construção civil foi descrito como pesado e desvalorizado, aparentando constituir-se como "último recurso" buscado para garantir a sobrevivência. Os trabalhadores reconhecem a precarização do trabalho gerada pela inserção informal, sentindo-se inferiorizados em relação aos trabalhadores formais. Tal quadro demonstra como os trabalhadores informais vivenciam um tipo de violência que lhes cerceia o usufruto de direitos constitucionalmente assegurados, excluindo-os do pleno gozo da cidadania.El presente estudio buscó comprender las representaciones sobre trabajo en trabajadores informales en la construcción civil. Fue adoptada como referencial teórico la Teoría de las Representaciones Sociales. Debido a la complejidad del problema de investigación abordado, se hizo uso de varias técnicas de colecta de datos: entrevistas en profundidad con ocho trabajadores, y observación participante. Los resultados muestran que el trabajo es representado como una dimensión central en la vida de los trabajadores, la cual subsidia la supervivencia material y social. De tal forma, el trabajo en la construcción civil fue descrito como pesado y desvalorizado, aparentando ser el "último recurso" buscado para garantizar la supervivencia. Los trabajadores reconocen una precarización del trabajo generada por la inserción en el sector informal, sintiéndose inferiores en relación a los

  3. Working operations of simple technological processes in construction industry ordering (rus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalyuzhnyuk A.V.

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Ordering process has been described by the example of the simple technological processes of reinforced concrete building structures joints welding working operations set.Methods of ordering are adopted from graph theory, expert assessment, network planning and management. The proposed method is designed for application in technical regulation for organizational effectiveness indicators of simple technological processes of construction and special types of work determining.The proposed methods improve the technical normalization quality. They are recommended for application in systems of the construction industry automated preparation.

  4. Construction and operation of an industrial solid waste landfill at Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Piketon, Ohio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-10-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Waste Management, proposes to construct and operate a solid waste landfill within the boundary of the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PORTS), Piketon, Ohio. The purpose of the proposed action is to provide PORTS with additional landfill capacity for non-hazardous and asbestos wastes. The proposed action is needed to support continued operation of PORTS, which generates non-hazardous wastes on a daily basis and asbestos wastes intermittently. Three alternatives are evaluated in this environmental assessment (EA): the proposed action (construction and operation of the X-737 landfill), no-action, and offsite shipment of industrial solid wastes for disposal.

  5. Design and construction of a batch oven for investigation of industrial continuous baking processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenby Andresen, Mette; Risum, Jørgen; Adler-Nissen, Jens

    2013-01-01

    of the baking was documented over a range of temperatures (160C to 190C). Practical Applications The purpose of this paper is to describe a new specially designed pilot scale batch oven. The batch oven is designed and constructed to imitate the baking processes in continuous tunnel ovens with forced convection......A new batch oven has been constructed to mimic industrial convection tunnel ovens for research and development of continuous baking processes. The process parameters (air flow, air temperature, air humidity, height of baking area and the baking band velocity) are therefore highly controllable...

  6. The Attitude of Civil Engineering Students towards Health and Safety Risk Management: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petersen, A. K.; Reynolds, J. H.; Ng, L. W. T.

    2008-01-01

    The highest rate of accidents and injuries in British industries has been reported by the construction industry during the past decade. Since then stakeholders have recognised that a possible solution would be to inculcate a good attitude towards health and safety risk management in undergraduate civil engineering students and construction…

  7. Study on ecological civilization from perspective of symbiosis between industry and ecology%从产业与生态的共生关系审视生态文明

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张智光

    2014-01-01

    The evolution law of human civilization is researched from the perspective of symbiosis between industry and ecology in order to reveal the essential connotation of ecological civilization. The problems of boundary from industrial civilization to post-industrial civilization, theoretical basis of ecological civilization, interaction between human civilization and ecological security were studied, thus discovering that the essence of human civilization evolution is the symbiotic relationship between industry and ecology. Upon that an integrated tree of symbiotic relationship between industry and ecology systems was established on the basis of symbiosis theory, in which the symbiotic modes were matched with civilization stages. Hereby, the evolution route, symbiotic characteristics and scientific attributes of human civilization and ecological security were researched along the development path of human civilization. It is concluded that the threshold of ecological civilization is industrial commensalism, and so as to achieve win-win mutualism phase of the industrial and ecological. The scientific attribute of the industrial commensalism stage is natural super-biological civilization belonging to disease-prevention ecological civilization, and the scientific attribute of the mutualism stage is artificial super-biological civilization belonging to healthy ecological civilization, when the ecological security reaches a stable healthy stage.%从产业与生态共生关系的视角研究人类文明的演进规律,从而揭示生态文明的本质内涵。通过对工业文明和后工业文明界线、生态文明的理论基础、人类文明与生态安全的相互关系等深入研究,发现产业与生态的共生关系才是人类文明演进规律中的本质属性。于是,根据共生理论构建了产业系统与生态系统的完整共生关系谱系及其与各文明阶段的匹配关系。据此,沿着人类文明的发展轨迹,研究了人类文

  8. EVALUATION OF PRODUCTION IN SEASONALITY PERIODS: ANALYSIS OF THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos William Kaspchak Machado

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The present work has as an objective to evaluate the impacts of production seasonality in seasonality periods in the Brazilian construction industry. The adopted methodology was based on the qualitative and quantitative approaches of the aspects inherent to the seasonality factors in the construction industry and its possible causes. Besides that, literature data were collected in year report books and devices provided by institutions of the sector. The results demonstrated the importance of production management mechanisms to optimize the use of productive factors through cost analysis, which are fundamental to understand the operational flux of resources used in the operational media. Obtaining this information, connected to market indicators helped in the decision making process related to the development of prospective scenarios which will give support to the decision making strategy aiming to stabilize the production levels.

  9. LABOUR SUBCONTRACTING IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: AN ASSESSMENT FROM TWO PERSPECTIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jill Wells

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The practice of employing labour through subcontractors (often referred to as the ‘outsourcing’ of labour is both long established and widespread in the construction industries of developing countries. Recent studies show that it is also increasing in both developing and developed countries. An assessment of the advantages of the practice from the viewpoint of the contractors and of the labour force, suggests it is unlikely to disappear. The paper goes on to explore the implications for the development of the construction industry, as well as for the welfare of the workers and the achievement of broader development objectives. It is concluded that interventions may be needed to deal with some of the negative repercussions, but they have to accept and build on current labour practices.

  10. System for Sewing Machine Industry Standard Innovation——Constructive Research for a Technical Standards System for Sewing Machines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Constructive research of a market-oriented industry's system of technical standardization by redefining those technical standards is the basis of innovation. Through considering and implementing innovation of the industry's standards,rapid development and standardization of the industry can be achieved.

  11. Constructing Relationships between Science and Practice in the Written Science Communication of the Washington State Wine Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szymanski, Erika Amethyst

    2016-01-01

    Even as deficit model science communication falls out of favor, few studies question how written science communication constructs relationships between science and industry. Here, I investigate how textual microprocesses relate scientific research to industry practice in the Washington State wine industry, helping (or hindering) winemakers and…

  12. Energy-Efficient Devices for Transporting and Feeding Bulk Materials in the Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ishkov Alexander

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Only in the construction industry millions of tons of bulk materials that need to be transported to the place of processing, storing and evenly or dosed feeding are recycled annually. Decreasing the costs of these processes will significantly reduce the cost of the finished product. The article presents a review of studies conducted in the field of storage, transport and feed bulk materials, and it describes the innovative design of energy-efficient disc vibrating feeder bulk materials.

  13. The Management of Park Equipment and Machinery Used in the Construction Industry and Housing Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Khayrullin Rustam; Marichev Pavel

    2016-01-01

    The mathematical model was created, applicable to elaboration of options of development of a park of equipment and machinery used in construction industry, housing and utility management. The model based on solving the linear programming problem by means of simplex method. The mathematical model allows develop the rational plans and quasi optimal plans. The model is based on the created in the article the financial management algorithms of procurement and of repairs of equipment and machinery...

  14. Barriers to the Uptake of Concurrent Engineering in the Nigerian Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathaniel Anny Aniekwu

    2012-12-01

    engineering and also to compute the Kendall’s coefficient of concordance, which assess the levels of agreement among the judges on the consistency of the rankings. A Kendall’s coefficient of concordance of W=0.57365 was recorded. A lack of awareness emerged as the most important barrier against the integration of this concept into the Nigerian construction industry. The top five variables are all human factors that can be ameliorated by proper education.

  15. A review on the occupational health and social security of unorganized workers in the construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guddi Tiwary

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Construction is one of the important industries employing a large number of people on its workforce. A wide range of activities are involved in it. Due to the advent of industrialization and recent developments, this industry is taking a pivotal role for construction of buildings, roads, bridges, and so forth. The workers engaged in this industry are victims of different occupational disorders and psychosocial stresses. In India, they belong to the organized and unorganized sectors. However, data in respect to occupational health and psychosocial stress are scanty in our country. It is true that a sizable number of the workforce is from the unorganized sectors − the working hours are more than the stipulated hours of work - the work place is not proper − the working conditions are non-congenial in most of the cases and involve risk factors. Their wages are also not adequate, making it difficult for them to run their families. The hazards include handling of different materials required for construction, and exposure to harsh environmental conditions like sun, rain, and so on. On account of this, in adverse conditions, it results in accidents and adverse health conditions cause psychosocial strain and the like. They are victims of headache, backache, joint pains, skin diseases, lung disorders like silicosis, other muscular skeletal disorders, and so on. The repetitive nature of the work causes boredom and the disproportionate earning compared to the requirements puts them under psychological stress and strain and other abnormal behavioral disorders. The Government of India has realized the importance of this industry and has promulgated an Act in 1996. The state government are being asked to adhere to this, although only a few states have partially enforced it. In this article, attempts have been made to review some of the important available articles for giving a broad idea of the problem and for furtherance of research in this field.

  16. A review on the occupational health and social security of unorganized workers in the construction industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiwary, Guddi; Gangopadhyay, P K

    2011-01-01

    Construction is one of the important industries employing a large number of people on its workforce. A wide range of activities are involved in it. Due to the advent of industrialization and recent developments, this industry is taking a pivotal role for construction of buildings, roads, bridges, and so forth. The workers engaged in this industry are victims of different occupational disorders and psychosocial stresses. In India, they belong to the organized and unorganized sectors. However, data in respect to occupational health and psychosocial stress are scanty in our country. It is true that a sizable number of the workforce is from the unorganized sectors - the working hours are more than the stipulated hours of work - the work place is not proper - the working conditions are non-congenial in most of the cases and involve risk factors. Their wages are also not adequate, making it difficult for them to run their families. The hazards include handling of different materials required for construction, and exposure to harsh environmental conditions like sun, rain, and so on. On account of this, in adverse conditions, it results in accidents and adverse health conditions cause psychosocial strain and the like. They are victims of headache, backache, joint pains, skin diseases, lung disorders like silicosis, other muscular skeletal disorders, and so on. The repetitive nature of the work causes boredom and the disproportionate earning compared to the requirements puts them under psychological stress and strain and other abnormal behavioral disorders. The Government of India has realized the importance of this industry and has promulgated an Act in 1996. The state government are being asked to adhere to this, although only a few states have partially enforced it. In this article, attempts have been made to review some of the important available articles for giving a broad idea of the problem and for furtherance of research in this field.

  17. Graphical fault tree analysis for fatal falls in the construction industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chi, Chia-Fen; Lin, Syuan-Zih; Dewi, Ratna Sari

    2014-11-01

    The current study applied a fault tree analysis to represent the causal relationships among events and causes that contributed to fatal falls in the construction industry. Four hundred and eleven work-related fatalities in the Taiwanese construction industry were analyzed in terms of age, gender, experience, falling site, falling height, company size, and the causes for each fatality. Given that most fatal accidents involve multiple events, the current study coded up to a maximum of three causes for each fall fatality. After the Boolean algebra and minimal cut set analyses, accident causes associated with each falling site can be presented as a fault tree to provide an overview of the basic causes, which could trigger fall fatalities in the construction industry. Graphical icons were designed for each falling site along with the associated accident causes to illustrate the fault tree in a graphical manner. A graphical fault tree can improve inter-disciplinary discussion of risk management and the communication of accident causation to first line supervisors.

  18. Construction and Characterization of Mini-ruthenium-Carbon Eutectic Cells for Industrial Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diril, A.; Bourson, F.; Parga, C.; Sadli, M.

    2015-12-01

    High-temperature eutectic fixed points have proved to be convenient tools for temperature scale dissemination and thermometer calibrations/checks at temperatures above 1100°C. In order to investigate the feasibility of metal-carbon eutectic cells in industrial applications as a means for assessing the traceability of non-contact thermometers, a batch of cells was constructed at LNE-Cnam, NPL, and TUBITAK UME. Compared to the usual dimensions of high-temperature fixed point cells (45 mm in length × 24 mm in diameter), a new cell design was created to fit with industrial applications. TUBITAK UME constructed and characterized five ruthenium-carbon (Ru-C) eutectic cells of dimensions 24 mm in length × 24 mm in diameter. One of these cells has been selected and characterized at CEA premises. Ru-C eutectic cells have been evaluated in terms of short-term repeatability, reproducibility, furnace effect, sharp temperature ramps, and the effect of cell location. Measurements at TÜBİTAK UME have been performed with a transfer standard pyrometer calibrated at the copper point and a BB3500pg high-temperature blackbody furnace was used for construction and measurement. For the measurements at CEA, a Land Standard—HIMERT S1 radiation thermometer and a VITI induction furnace were used. In this article results of the measurements at TÜBİTAK UME and CEA will be presented. The possible use of these mini-eutectic cells as industrial temperature standards will be discussed.

  19. The Sectorial Code - an inquiry into the contemporary sector development activities in the Danish construction industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jens Stissing

    able to generate detectable and widespread effects in the industry as a whole. The objective of this thesis is to develop a vocabulary which is able to penetrate and explain the experiences of these contemporary sector development processes in the Danish construction industry as they have unfolded...... since the early 1990'ties. The purpose of this vocabulary is to make sense of these experiences in order to provide actors involved in these processes with a possible response as to how they may be managed or governed. The thesis is organised into three blocks The first block develops a theoretical...... of development the first block sets out by introducing the concepts of systems, regimes and fields. These concepts are introduced as they offer different vocabularies which may be used to understand how sectors condition industrial development. More importantly these vocabularies however also offer different...

  20. An Index to Measure Sustainability of a Business Project in the Construction Industry: Lithuanian Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nomeda Dobrovolskienė

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The continuous growth of the world population, resource scarcity and the threat of climate change pose numerous environmental and social problems to the world. Therefore, much hope is put in the concept of sustainability. Companies are increasingly coming under strong global pressure to incorporate sustainability considerations into their project decision-making process. Business projects in the construction industry are among the most important, as this sector is one of the largest sectors and of major importance for the national economy and therefore has a huge impact on the environment and society. Thus, we have to explore ways to integrate sustainability into the management of those projects. This paper presents a composite sustainability index of a project (CSIP which has been created following a review of existing literature and a pilot research study. A pilot research study was conducted in the Lithuanian construction industry between January 2015 and June 2015. Sustainability criteria were chosen and grouped on the basis of the analysis of the literature and different standards relating to sustainability applicable in the construction industry. A survey was used to select and rank the most important sustainability criteria. The index was constructed using multi-criteria decision-making methods. The results of the pilot study revealed that practitioners in the Lithuanian construction sector attach most importance to 15 sustainability criteria. A composite sustainability index of a project combining all these criteria may be useful in assessing the sustainability of a business project and making decisions regarding project portfolio selection and financial resource allocation. When addressing the issue of financial resource allocation in a project portfolio, the decision-maker could take into account not only the project’s return and risk, but also its sustainability. The understanding of this study should enable companies to execute

  1. Feasibility Studies of Palm Oil Mill Waste Aggregates for the Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jegathish Kanadasan

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The agricultural industry in Malaysia has grown rapidly over the years. Palm oil clinker (POC is a byproduct obtained from the palm oil industry. Its lightweight properties allows for its utilization as an aggregate, while in powder form as a filler material in concrete. POC specimens obtained throughout each state in Malaysia were investigated to evaluate the physical, chemical, and microstructure characteristics. Variations between each state were determined and their possible contributory factors were assessed. POC were incorporated as a replacement material for aggregates and their engineering characteristics were ascertained. Almost 7% of density was reduced with the introduction of POC as aggregates. A sustainability assessment was made through greenhouse gas emission (GHG and cost factor analyses to determine the contribution of the addition of POC to the construction industry. Addition of POC helps to lower the GHG emission by 9.6% compared to control specimens. By channeling this waste into the construction industry, an efficient waste-management system can be promoted; thus, creating a cleaner environment. This study is also expected to offer some guides and directions for upcoming research works on the incorporation of POC.

  2. On Civility and Civilizations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DAVID GOSSET

    2010-01-01

    @@ At a time when misunderstand-ings between cultures run rampant, when walls of fear, prejudice and hatred divide the members of the human family, it is urgent to intensify the dialogue between civilizations. Under the new leadership of its Director General lrina Bokova, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) declared 2010 as the "Year for the Rapprochement of Cultures." In this context, the concerted reflections and actions of Europe and China can be highly meaningful.

  3. 论我国生态文明建设的政治制度优势%On the Advantage of Political System for the Ecological Civilization Construction of Our Country

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡长生; 王雄青

    2012-01-01

    The Marxist theory of ecological repudiation against capitalism discloses that socialism has an advantage in political system for promoting ecological civilization construction,and this advantage is systematic and all-around.The political advantage of our country in ecological civilization construction is mainly embodied in the following aspects:the socialist system provides the institutional precondition for ecological civilization construction,the governance of the CPC provides the political guarantee for ecological civilization construction,and the socialist moral system provides the moral basis for ecological civilization construction.%马克思主义的生态资本主义制度批判理论昭示了社会主义对于推进生态文明建设的政治制度优势,且这种制度优势是系统而全面的。我国生态文明建设的政治制度优势主要体现在,社会主义制度为生态文明建设提供了制度前提,中国共产党执政为生态文明建设提供了政治保障,社会主义道德体系为生态文明建设提供了道德基础。

  4. Crisis and neoliberal reforms in Africa : civil society and agro-industry in anglophone Cameroon's plantation economy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Konings, P.J.J.

    2011-01-01

    This book discusses the consequences of the economic and financial crisis that befell the Cameroonian agro-industrial sector in the 1980s, using as a case study the plantation economy of the anglophone region of Cameroon. Two agro-industrial enterprises have dominated the plantation sector: a huge p

  5. Analysis of the thought of Xi Jinping’s ecological civilization construction%习近平生态文明建设思想探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘亚平; 宋泽亮

    2014-01-01

    Ecological environment protection has become a global consensus, ecological problems become more and more serious. The development of the militaristic style make our ecological environment overwhelmed, we are already in the midst of the ecological crisis. In current dire circumstances, only pay more attention to the construction of ecological civilization, change the traditional ecological idea, only by thoroughly applying the scientific outlook on development can we achieve sound and rapid economic and social development and build a beautiful China, then our Chinese dream is not just a dream. General Secretary Xi Jinping attaches great importance to the protection of the ecological environment, under the socialist economic, political, cultural, social, and ecological construction, put the ecological civilization construction into an important position, and strengthen the system of ecological civilization construction to promote the modernization of ecological management.%愈演愈烈的生态问题,近似于穷兵黩武式的发展使人们的生态环境不堪重负,人们身陷生态危机中不能自拔。在如此严峻的形势下,全球多数国家已达成生态文明建设的共识,共同保护人类赖以生存的生态环境。以习近平同志为核心的党中央高度重视生态文明建设,并将其提升到“五位一体”的战略高度,充分证明了其对社会主义现代化建设的规律的深刻把握。通过转变传统生态文明建设理念、加强政府职能建设、构建生态文化、严格依法执政等一系列的手段和措施,才能真正实现建设美丽中国,实现中华民族的伟大复兴的中国梦。

  6. Systematic impact of institutional pressures on safety climate in the construction industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Qinghua; Dong, Shuang; Rose, Timothy; Li, Heng; Yin, Qin; Cao, Dongping

    2016-08-01

    This paper explores how three types of institutional pressure (i.e., coercive, mimetic and normative pressures) systematically impact on the safety climate of construction projects. These impacts are empirically tested by survey data collected from 186 questionnaires of construction companies operating in Shanghai, China. The results, obtained by partial least squares analysis, show that organizational management commitment to safety and employee involvement is positively related to all three institutional pressures, while the perception of responsibility for safety and health is significantly influenced by coercive and mimetic pressure. However, coercive and normative pressures have no significant effect on the applicability of safety rules and work practices, revealing the importance of external organizational pressures in improving project safety climate from a systematic view. The findings also provide insights into the use of institutional forces to facilitate the improvement of safety climate in the construction industry.

  7. The role of effective communication in the construction Industry: a guide for education and health clients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terry Aulich

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The construction industry operates primarily as a system of sub-contracting and purpose built alliances. There is a wide spread of stakeholders involved in conceiving a building project through typical stages such as design, finance, build,  manage, upgrade and, ultimately, replacement and a corresponding need for communication and cooperation. Specialists who can prevent bridges falling down or who build 20 storey buildings are seen as the hard-nosed, action people who have helped bring us into the modern era. However, there are intuitive activities and disciplines which help us to achieve the type of construction achievements that have been the hallmarks of the 19th, 20th and now the 21st centuries. Most of these so called soft disciplines are about how one helps people, often highly skilled, achieve those construction and engineering goals. The key components are consultation and communication. Communication strategies should be based on a thorough understanding of the ways that humans co-operate in joint undertakings, the key principles of social dynamics and learning theory plus the ways in which people deliver, accept and understand words and pictures. The disciplines of organisational and environmental psychology have become a basic fundamental of modern business activities from management and organisational strategy to marketing and customer relations and to the improvement of working, recreational and living environments. However it is rare for a mature industry such as construction to adopt or examine those disciplines for guidance about either strategies or operations. This is despite the fact that the construction industry is almost entirely based on the principle of sub-contracting, business and professional alliances, all of which require understanding of environmental psychology and social dynamics in order to build trust, reputation, teamwork and client satisfaction. There is therefore a major need for communications to be

  8. Recent advances of pore system construction in zeolite-catalyzed chemical industry processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Jing; Wang, Yangdong; Yang, Weimin; Tang, Yi; Xie, Zaiku

    2015-12-21

    The kaleidoscopic applications of zeolite catalysts (zeo-catalysts) in petrochemical processes has been considered as one of the major accomplishments in recent decades. About twenty types of zeolite have been industrially applied so far, and their versatile porous architectures have contributed their most essential features to affect the catalytic efficiency. This review depicts the evolution of pore models in zeolite catalysts accompanied by the increase in industrial and environmental demands. The indispensable roles of modulating pore models are outlined for zeo-catalysts for the enhancement of their catalytic performances in various industrial processes. The zeolites and related industrial processes discussed range from the uni-modal micropore system of zeolite Y (12-ring micropore, 12-R) in fluid catalytic cracking (FCC), zeolite ZSM-5 (10-R) in xylene isomerization and SAPO-34 (8-R) in olefin production to the multi-modal micropore system of MCM-22 (10-R and 12-R pocket) in aromatic alkylation and the hierarchical pores in FCC and catalytic cracking of C4 olefins. The rational construction of pore models, especially hierarchical features, is highlighted with a careful classification from an industrial perspective accompanied by a detailed analysis of the theoretical mechanisms.

  9. Proceedings of the 2009 annual general conference and associated specialty conferences of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering : on the leading edge[Includes the CSCE forum on professional practice and career development : 1. international engineering mechanics and materials specialty conference : 1. international/3. coastal, estuarine and offshore engineering specialty conference : 2. international/8. construction specialty conference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lye, L.; Burrell, B.; Snow, M.; Hussein, A.; Thomas, M.; Isgor, B.; Elliott, C.; Christian, J.; Rankin, J. [Canadian Society for Civil Engineering, Montreal, PQ (Canada)] (eds.)

    2009-07-01

    This 2009 international conference of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering (CSCE) focused on the findings of the latest research and the emergence of the civil engineering profession. It was held in conjunction with the following specialty conferences: the first international and first engineering mechanics and materials (IEMM)specialty conference; the first international and third international hydrotechnical coastal estuarine and offshore engineering specialty conference (IHSC); the second international and eighth construction specialty (ICS) conference; and the forum on professional practice and career development (FPD). The conference and associated specialty conferences provided a forum to discuss recent developments in all areas of civil engineering. Delegates from industrial, research, and academic institutions presented innovative technologies in the different areas of civil engineering and identified future directions for sustainable development. The presentations addressed a broad range of issues, such as the need for sustainable infrastructure while improving the safety of roads, dams, water supply and sewage treatment systems. Technical sessions addressed infrastructure management issues, risk assessment, hydrotechnical engineering and transportation engineering. The conference featured 182 presentations, of which 19 have been catalogued separately for inclusion in this database. refs., tabs., figs.

  10. 探讨土建施工的现场管理及解决对策%Discussion on the Civil Construction Site Management and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴俊

    2014-01-01

    目前,我国土建工程在施工过程中,由于受原材料控制、管理、施工技术水平、施工工艺、地质条件等因素的影响,经常会发生一些问题,给群众的财产和生命安全造成了威胁。本文主要针对土建施工过程中的现场管理问题,探讨了相应的解决对策。%At present, in the construction process of civil eng-ineering in our country, because of suffering the effects of raw material control, management, the level of construction techn-ology, construction technology, geological conditions and oth-er factors, there are some problems posing a threat to people’s property and life safety. This paper mainly aimed at the prob-lems in the process of construction site management, discuss-ing the corresponding solving countermeasures.

  11. A Study of Driving Mechanism of Ecological Civilization Construction in China%生态文明建设驱动机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴守蓉; 王华荣

    2012-01-01

    生态文明建设驱动机制是生态文明建设的重要组成部分,也是我国现阶段开展生态文明建设的关键之一。本文运用网络治理理论和一般系统论的基本观点构建了政府、企业、学术机构和社会民众的“四位一体”驱动主体模式、驱动机制系统模型以及其内生机理,并分析了主体驱动力特点,提出了政策与法律驱动、市场与利益驱动、科技成果与人才驱动、文化与教育驱动四个要素层次及其结构功能特点。最后对驱动机制存在的问题和改善途径进行了探讨。%The ecological civilization construction is an important strategic task in the new era of China. The driving mechanism is one of the main components of ecological civilization construction at the present stage. Based on the network governance theory and general system theory, this paper put forward a four - in - one driving mechanism model of ecological civilization construction whose subjects consisted of the government, enterprises, academic organizations and the public, and the driving mechanism system included the links of input, process, output, and feedback. We analyzed the composition of subjects, and features of driving powers of each subject, and refined mechanism elements, summarized structural function by which the structure was divided into four levels including the policy and law driver, market and interest driver, technology achieve-ment and talent driver, and culture and education driver respectively. Then the existing problems and approaches of the driving mechanism were pointed out and discussed.

  12. 企业生态文明建设的伦理视阈%The Ecological Civilization Construction of Enterprise from the Ethical View

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李长亮

    2015-01-01

    The construction of ecological civilization is to build environment friendly society on the basis of resource environmental bearing capacity, taking natural law as the criterion and sustainable development as the goal of resource saving. Enterprise, as the main polluters of the environment, the main consumption of resources and ecological destroyer, should bear the responsibility of the construction of ecological civilization. From the ethical perspective of enterprise ecology civilization construction, companies are required to establish a correct concept of production and operation philosophy and ecological ethics, in order to realize economic benefit, social benefit and ecological benefit optimization. It should adhere to the principle of ecological friendly, environment-friendly, and resource-conserving society, and to develop circular economy and clean production, to save resources, to protect the environment, and to set up the sustainable development.%建设生态文明,就是要建设以资源环境承载力为基础、以自然规律为准则、以可持续发展为目标的资源节约型、环境友好型社会。企业作为环境的主要污染者、资源的主要消耗者和生态的主要破坏者,理应承担起生态文明建设的责任。从伦理的视角审视企业生态文明建设,要求企业树立科学的生产经营理念和生态伦理观念,注重生态效益;坚持生态友好原则,建设环境友好型、资源节约型社会;发展循环经济,推行清洁生产;节约资源,保护环境,树立可持续发展观。

  13. 广州市水生态文明城市建设试点实施方案浅析%Brief Introduction on the Construction Pilot Scheme of Guangzhou Municipal Water Ecological Civilization City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓鹏; 范立柱

    2014-01-01

    生态问题是当今世界关注的主题,作为生态文明的核心组成部分,水生态文明建设是实现经济社会可持续发展的重要保障。广州市大力推进水生态文明城市试点建设,探索符合我国水资源、水生态条件的水生态文明建设模式,发挥示范带动作用,为全面推进水生态文明建设提供经验借鉴。%Ecological problems in today's world is a topic of concern , as the core of ecological civilization , the construction of water ecological civilization is an important guarantee to achieve sustainable economic and social development .In Guangzhou City , pilot construction of water ecological civilization city has been vigorously promoted; water ecological civilization construction mode with the water ecological conditions of our country has been explored;all of these play a demonstration effect to provide experience and reference for the comprehensive promotion of water ecological civilization construction .

  14. 我国公务员职业伦理构建的路径分析%An Analysis of Professional Ethical Construction of Civil Servants in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷宁

    2015-01-01

    文章基于职业伦理的概念,分析了目前我国公务员职业伦理失范的表现,从深层和具体两个角度分别阐释了其失范产生的原因,并在此基础上为我国公务员职业伦理的构建提出了三种路径:一是政治性的分权与自治;二是结构性的主观责任和客观责任的平衡;三是基于反思装置和伦理基因的制度性设计。%In this paper, based on the concept of professional ethics, we analyzed professional ethics anomie of civil servants in China at present and explained the cause of the anomie from deep and specific angles. Therefore, we put forward three paths to the construction of professional ethics of civil servants of our country. The first is the decentralization and autonomy of politics; the second is the balance of subjective and objective responsibility in structure; the third is institutional design with the reflection of structure and occupational habits.

  15. Cross-cultural comparison of concrete recycling decision-making and implementation in construction industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tam, Vivian W Y; Tam, Leona; Le, Khoa N

    2010-02-01

    Waste management is pressing very hard with alarming signals in construction industry. Concrete waste constituents major proportions of construction and demolition waste of 81% in Australia. To minimize concrete waste generated from construction activities, recycling concrete waste is one of the best methods to conserve the environment. This paper investigates concrete recycling implementation in construction. Japan is a leading country in recycling concrete waste, which has been implementing 98% recycling and using it for structural concrete applications. Hong Kong is developing concrete recycling programs for high-grade applications. Australia is making relatively slow progress in implementing concrete recycling in construction. Therefore, empirical studies in Australia, Hong Kong, and Japan were selected in this paper. A questionnaire survey and structured interviews were conducted. Power spectrum was used for analysis. It was found that "increasing overall business competitiveness and strategic business opportunities" was considered as the major benefit for concrete recycling from Hong Kong and Japanese respondents, while "rising concrete recycling awareness such as selecting suitable resources, techniques and training and compliance with regulations" was considered as the major benefit from Australian respondents. However, "lack of clients' support", "increase in management cost" and "increase in documentation workload, such as working documents, procedures and tools" were the major difficulties encountered from Australian, Hong Kong, and Japanese respondents, respectively. To improve the existing implementation, "inclusion of concrete recycling evaluation in tender appraisal" and "defining clear legal evaluation of concrete recycling" were major recommendations for Australian and Hong Kong, and Japanese respondents, respectively.

  16. The Role of E-Commerce Systems for the Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Stewart

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The use of e-commerce systems has increased substantially in the past five years, and now a number of companies in the construction industry have joined consortiums to develop e-commerce portals. These new systems encourage companies to review the way in which existing processes are undertaken, and often re-engineered process are introduced. It is important to understand the difference between the terms e-commerce and e-business, e-commerce refers to buying and seeling transactions which use some24The Australian Journal of Construction Economics & Building Page (iiiform of electronic media, while e-business suggests a review and redefinition of business models linked to the greater use of IT. It is argued that the greater use of the internet and e-commerce, and the move towards the integration of applications will compel construction companies to re-engineer processes and introduce e-commerce systems. A series of business drivers and business designs are discussed in later sections of this paper.There are many benefits associated with the introduction of e-commerce systems, and these include increases in GDP, real wages and employment together with reduced transaction costs. It has been forecast that there will be more than 400,000 companies in Australia using e-commerce systems by 2005 (NOIE 2000. For the construction industry, the benefits will include increased project efficiencies, communications, control, and reduced design and construction times as well as reduced costs (BuildOnline 2000. In the past year, two local consortiums have been formed to develop and offer e-commerce applications, and this heightens the need for all companies to reflect on how they might engage with these new technologies.

  17. Study on the Key Factor Parameters to Increase Productivity in Construction and Manufacturing Industries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almazyed, K.; Alaswad, A.; Olabi, A. G.

    2016-02-01

    Proper management of human and non-human resources in construction and manufacturing projects can give-in considerable savings in time and cost. Construction and Manufacturing industry faces issues in connection with problems related with productivity and the problems are usually connected with performance of employees. The performance of employees is affected by many factors. In this paper a survey was made on respondents who are employed various projects of Saudi Arabia. The researcher developed a theoretical framework from the existing research which was used as a Model to collect and analyze the field data to test the hypothesis. In this research activity three predictors (commitment, job satisfaction and job performance) for determining the change in productivity. The results highlight that commitment and job performance (respectively) are the two predictors which are explaining 37% of variation in the productivity of the companies. The results also show that Job Satisfaction has no role in the prediction of productivity.

  18. The Case for Family-Friendly Work Practices in the Australian Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valerie Francis

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Although significant changes at the social, demographic, technological and workforce levelshave transformed the relationship between family and work, these changes have notbeen reflected in the employment practices of many construction companies. Many of thejob and organisational factors found to be negatively associated with family functioning arepertinent to construction professionals. Staff are expected to work long hours in demandingroles and this, combined with job insecurity and frequent relocation, means that familylife and individual well-being can be compromised. A growing body of research has foundthat the implementation of family-friendly work policies and practices can lead to greaterproductivity, lower attrition rates and higher morale in the workplace. In addition providinga work environment that is supportive of workers' family roles can help to alleviate workrelatedmental health problems.This paper outlines the changing demographic trends and societal attitudes that are makingindividuals and organisations question current work cultures and structures. Optionsfor making the construction industry a more family-friendly work environment are considered.All professionals, regardless of their age, gender and family responsibilities, canbenefit from these initiatives. The paper concludes by discussing the implications of theseissues for construction companies and future research work.

  19. Identifying critical success factors (CSFs) of implementing building information modeling (BIM) in Malaysian construction industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaakob, Mazri; Ali, Wan Nur Athirah Wan; Radzuan, Kamaruddin

    2016-08-01

    Building Information Modeling (BIM) is defined as existing from the earliest concept to demolition and it involves creating and using an intelligent 3D model to inform and communicate project decisions. This research aims to identify the critical success factors (CSFs) of BIM implementation in Malaysian construction industry. A literature review was done to explore previous BIM studies on definitions and history of BIM, construction issues, application of BIM in construction projects as well as benefits of BIM. A series of interviews with multidisciplinary Malaysian construction experts will be conducted purposely for data collection process guided by the research design and methodology approach of this study. The analysis of qualitative data from the process will be combined with criteria identified in the literature review in order to identify the CSFs. Finally, the CSFs of BIM implementation will be validated by further Malaysian industrialists during a workshop. The validated CSFs can be used as a term of reference for both Malaysian practitioners and academics towards measuring BIM effectiveness level in their organizations.

  20. Industry Standards for Technological Design and Construction Drawing Design of Rubber Factories Carried Out on August 1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On May 18, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology approved 2 industry standards of Rules of Technological Design Technology of Rubber Factories(HG/T 21558-2011) and Rules of Rubber Factories Construction Drawing Design Document Content and Depth (HG/T 21511-2011), which are to be carried out on August 1.

  1. Examination of Green Building Drivers in the South African Construction Industry: Economics versus Ecology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abimbola Olukemi Windapo

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available There is a large body of literature on green buildings, but few studies have focused on the motivation behind the construction of green buildings globally, and in South Africa in particular. This paper investigates the key drivers of green building in the Western Cape Construction Industry of South Africa and examines whether these drivers have changed over time. A comprehensive literature review was undertaken to provide an overview of green building issues globally and in South Africa, followed by an empirical investigation into the drivers of green building in South Africa using a multi-case study approach. The findings reveal that the key drivers of green building include rising energy costs, the industry’s Green Star rating system, competitive advantages and legislation. The study also indicates that these key drivers have not changed significantly over time. Taken together, these results suggest that the increase in green building has little to do with ecological factors and more to do with economic factors—operational costs and stakeholder demands. The paper concludes that as long as the cost of energy continues to increase and there are recognised industry rating systems in place, the need for green buildings is likely to remain.

  2. Impact of Contractors’ Bidding Strategies on Bid Success in the Nigeria Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tolulope Samuel Fawale

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Several types of researches have been carried out prior to the new millennium on the subject of bidding strategies in the construction industry. Today, organizations are faced with a very complex decision of bid/no-bid because it requires the assessment of large number of highly inter-related variables. The study aims at examining different types of Contractors’ Bidding Strategies (CBS with a view to determining their impact on bid success. In line with the aim, the study objectives include; evaluation of different types of CBS and; assessment of the success rate of contractors’ bid. The method of approach elicits information on the number of projects bided and successes recorded over a period of time. A total of one hundred and seventy-one useable responses were retrieved from questionnaire administration. Descriptive statistics, tables and percentages as well as mean item score (MIS were used for data analysis. The study showed that lowest bid, public relations and joint venture bidding strategies have great impact on contractors’ bid success especially on residential, educational and administrative projects in the Nigeria Construction Industry (NCI. Therefore, the study concluded that relationship exists between contractors’ bidding strategies and equivalent successes recorded over a period of time. It is important to also know that lowest bid strategy still remains the most effective bidding strategy for public works contracting in the NCI.

  3. On-site Labour Productivity of New Zealand Construction Industry: Key Constraints and Improvement Measures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serdar Durdyev

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Productivity is key to the survival and growth of any organisation, industry or nation. Some factors constrain the achievement of the set project objectives in the New Zealand building and construction industry and are responsible for the reported steady decline of productivity and performance. This study aims to identify the key constraints to on-site labour productivity and improvement measures. Using the descriptive survey method, views of some project managers, contractors and subcontractors in New Zealand were canvassed via pilot interviews and questionnaire surveys at the qualitative and quantity data gathering stages, respectively. Multi-attribute technique was used to analyse the quantitative data. Results showed that the key external constraints to on-site labour productivity comprise, in order of decreasing impact, statutory compliance, unforeseen events and wider external dynamics. The internal constraints, which contribute 67 percent of the onsite productivity issues, comprise reworks, level of skill and experience of the workforce, adequacy of method of construction, buildability issues, and inadequate supervision and coordination. . The factors underlying each broad category of external and internal constraints are reported. The relative levels of impact of the identified constraints are expected to guide the project team in addressing the constraints in a cost-effective manner.

  4. 专业培养视野下高职文明寝室建设研究--以酒店管理专业为例%On Construction of Civilized Dormitory in Vocational Colleges Under Specialty Cultivation Vision

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易红燕

    2015-01-01

    专业培养是高职教育的重点,文明寝室建设是高职院校管理的一项常规工作。利用学生寝室这一阵地,扩大和深化学生专业知识的学习,将专业培养融入到高职文明寝室建设中,实证研究专业培养视野下高职文明寝室建设,经过基础建设期、关键建设期、补充建设期和完善建设期,完成整个文明寝室的建设。通过文明寝室建设,培养学生专业学习兴趣和能力,提高专业知识的应用能力,有助于实现专业培养的目标。%Specialty cultivation is the main task of technical college education;construction of civilized dormitory is a routine task in vocational college management. Making use of student dormitory as a battle field to enlarge and deepen student specialty knowl⁃edge with the combination of specialty cultivation with construction of civilized dormitory, this paper carries out a case study on the construction of civilized dormitory in vocational college under specialty cultivation vision which goes through a whole construction process including basic construction period, key construction period, complementary construction period and perfection construction period. The construction of civilized dormitory, helps cultivate students'interest and capability in specialty, raise their ability to ap⁃ply specialty knowledge, and realize the objective of specialty cultivation.

  5. Construction Started for the Specialty Paper & Coated Paper Industrial Base Project of Guanhao High-tech

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On November 18,2011,construction started for the specialty paper & coated paper industrial base project of Guanhao High-tech Co.,Ltd.in Zhanjiang Development Zone.The total investment planned for the project is RMB 7.6 billion.After completing the construction and putting into production,

  6. Treatment of industrial effluents in constructed wetlands: challenges, operational strategies and overall performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Shubiao; Wallace, Scott; Brix, Hans; Kuschk, Peter; Kirui, Wesley Kipkemoi; Masi, Fabio; Dong, Renjie

    2015-06-01

    The application of constructed wetlands (CWs) has significantly expanded to treatment of various industrial effluents, but knowledge in this field is still insufficiently summarized. This review is accordingly necessary to better understand this state-of-the-art technology for further design development and new ideas. Full-scale cases of CWs for treating various industrial effluents are summarized, and challenges including high organic loading, salinity, extreme pH, and low biodegradability and color are evaluated. Even horizontal flow CWs are widely used because of their passive operation, tolerance to high organic loading, and decolorization capacity, free water surface flow CWs are effective for treating oil field/refinery and milking parlor/cheese making wastewater for settlement of total suspended solids, oil, and grease. Proper pretreatment, inflow dilutions through re-circulated effluent, pH adjustment, plant selection and intensifications in the wetland bed, such as aeration and bioaugmentation, are recommended according to the specific characteristics of industrial effluents.

  7. 生态文明建设中不同行为主体的目标指标体系构建%Index systems of the different actors in eco-civilization construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪珊; 何佳; 牛冬杰; 包存宽; 王娟

    2013-01-01

    建立生态文明建设目标指标体系是量化生态文明建设水平最有效的手段,是保证生态文明各领域建设活动有效开展和落实的重要途径.以生态文明建设的基本内涵为基础,提出生态文明建设中的“利益相关方”概念,并指出政府、企业、公众是主要利益相关方.分析了各主要利益相关方的定位、驱动力、利益关注点、权利、义务、沟通机制以及3者之间形成的复杂关系网.最后,结合各自在生态文明建设中应有的表现行为,分别设计了包含生态意识文明、生态行为文明、生态制度文明3层内涵的生态文明建设目标指标体系,旨在促进各利益相关方之间的自查或评比,将生态文明建设落实到各主要利益相关方的具体行为上.%The establishment of the index system of eco-civilization construction is the most effective means to quantify eco-civilization construction. Besides,it is an important way to ensure the effective implementation of the various fields of eco-civilization construction activities. Based on the basic connotation of ecological civilization,the paper puts forward the concept of "stakeholders in eco-civilization construction" and analyzes multiple stakeholders,in which government,enterprise and the public are the main power sources to ensure the healthy development of the districts or cities. Then the paper makes a comprehensive explanation of position, interest, the driving force, the rights, obligations, and communication mechanisms of three major stakeholders, and describes the linkages and synergies among them. At last,different index systems of eco-civilization construction are designed according to stakeholders' different behavior, which reflects ecological awareness civilization,ecological behavior civilization,and ecological system civilization three connotations. The purpose is to organize the self-examination or competitions among the various actors, guide the behavior of

  8. Civil Engineering Technology Needs Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oakland Community Coll., Farmington, MI. Office of Institutional Planning and Analysis.

    In 1991, a study was conducted by Oakland Community College (OCC) to evaluate the need for a proposed Civil Engineering Technology program. An initial examination of the literature focused on industry needs and the job market for civil engineering technicians. In order to gather information on local area employers' hiring practices and needs, a…

  9. Technical change in US industry: A cross-industry analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, R. R. (Editor)

    1981-01-01

    The nature of the public policies which have influenced the pace and pattern of technical progress in a number of American industries is studied with the view of assessing the broad effects of these policies. The industries studied are agriculture, pharmaceuticals, semiconductors, computers, civil aircraft, automobiles and residential construction. The policies considered include research and development funding as well as government procurement, education, information dissemination, patent protection, licensing, regulations, and anti-trust policies.

  10. Construção Civil e a Degradação Ambiental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline das Graças Roth

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The civil construction industry is important activity in economy of Brazil, but, is a major generator of environmental impacts and these factors result in the formation of degraded areas. These areas end up generating perilous situations with relevant consequences such as augmentation of the vulnerability of nearby water tables, rivers and streams, damages to adjacent edifications, streets and roads , air quality loss because of noises or pollution, unhealthiness resulting from residues depositation and damages to the neighboring population. In Brazil, degraded areas by civil construction occurred in three moments: in extracting and production of materials, in edifications construction and residues disposition. Therefore, it becomes inevitable the development of civil construction activities more adequate to sustainable principles and that do not cause so many degrading acts, searching for materials and constructive process that are integrated the man and ambient, with a good destination of residues.

  11. Cultural shift towards sustainability in the construction industry of Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yip Robin, C P; Poon, C S

    2009-08-01

    Sustainable development is forward-looking; it is a continuous mission for future developments of human society. A genuinely sustainable society is one that initiates developments in sustainable ways. The development of a genuinely sustainable society is supported by its citizens who think and act according to a recognized code of conduct - the sustainable culture. Similar to other forms of culture, sustainable culture of a society is not static, but changes over time. The changes found in a sustainable culture are reflections of the status of sustainability in a society and these changes should be measured from time to time. The resulting measurement gives very important information for decision-makers, in the government and in the private sector, to examine the magnitude of changes that have taken place in a given period of time. The results will also enable them to review and adjust policies in order to better accommodate changes according to the trends of society. This paper provides a method - the T-model, to investigate and measure the extent of change of sustainable culture through two extensive surveys among participants of the construction industry of Hong Kong. The change in sustainable culture is reflected by the change in attitude and practice among construction participants, this can be found in their performance in project development, design and construction operations. The data of these changes are collected and converted to numerical scores. The T-model synthesized these scores and revealed the change of sustainable culture within the specific study time frame.

  12. 新形势下我国生态文明建设的科学指南--学习习近平总书记加强生态文明建设重要讲话%The Scientific Guide on China’s Ecological Civilization Construction under the New Situation--Study on General Secretary Xi Jinping’s Important Speech of Strengthening Ecological Civilization Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李新市

    2015-01-01

    Ecological civilization construction is the credit for contemporary and the interests for thousands of years in the future. Ecological civilization construction is closely related to the democratic politics. A good ecological environment is the well-being of the people’s livelihood. We shall implement measures to strengthen the construction of ecological civilization: We shall set up and strengthen new concept of ecological civilization construction, use the system construction achievements to guarantee the construction of ecological civilization, realize more policies and stimulate more joint-action in the whole society, put on efforts to create a good production and living environment for the people, take active measures to leave nature more space to be improved, and take effective measures to maintain marine natural regeneration.%生态文明建设是功在当代利在千秋的事业,生态文明建设与民主政治密切相关,良好生态环境是最普惠的民生福祉。因此,要落实好加强生态文明建设的各项措施:要树立和强化崭新的生态文明建设理念,用制度建设成果保障生态文明建设,要多策并举多地联动全社会共同行动,努力为人民创造良好生产生活环境,积极采取措施给自然留下更多修复空间,采取有效措施维护海洋自然再生能力。

  13. Application of washery refuse in the building and civil engineering industries. Report on ECSC contract 7220-ED/102

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schieder, T.; Erdmann, W.; Leninger, D.

    1986-01-01

    The application of increasingly stringent heat insulation requirements has led to energy-saving building methods being introduced in recent years. This report discusses the attempts which have been made to manufacture light sand from crushed fine washery refine and pelletized flotation tailings by thermal treatment in a fluidised bed oven. An improvement in thermal resistance was achieved by injecting plastic foam into the chambers of lightweight-concrete cavity building blocks. The compressive strength of the refuse material was tested by the construction of a sound-proof wall. 20 references.

  14. [Construction of high sulphite-producing industrial strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qu, Na; He, Xiu-ping; Guo, Xue-na; Liu, Nan; Zhang, Bo-run

    2006-02-01

    In the process of beer storage and transportation, off-flavor can be produced for oxidation of beer. Sulphite is important for stabilizing the beer flavor because of its antioxidant activity. However, the low level of sulphite synthesized by the brewing yeast is not enough to stabilize beer flavor. Three enzymes involve sulphite biosynthesis in yeast. One of them, APS kinase (encoded by MET14) plays important role in the process of sulphite formation. In order to construct high sulphite-producing brewing yeast strain for beer production, MET14 gene was cloned and overexpressed in industrial strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Primer 1 (5'-TGTGAATTCCTGTACACCAATGGCTACT-3', EcoR I) and primer 2 (5'-TATAAGCTTGATGA GGTGGATGAAGACG-3', HindIII) were designed according to the MET14 sequence in GenBank. A 1.1kb DNA fragment containing the open reading frame and terminator of MET14 gene was amplified from Saccharomyces cerevisiae YSF-5 by PCR, and inserted into YEp352 to generate recombinant plasmid pMET14. To express MET14 gene properly in S. cerevisiae, the recombinant expression plasmids pPM with URA3 gene as the selection marker and pCPM with URA3 gene and copper resistance gene as the selection marker for yeast transformation were constructed. In plasmid pPM, the PGK1 promoter from plasmid pVC727 was fused with the MET14 gene from pMET14, and the expression cassette was inserted into the plasmid YEp352. The dominant selection marker, copper-resistance gene expression cassette CUP1-MTI was inserted in plasmid pPM to result in pCPM. Restriction enzyme analysis showed that plasmids pPM and pCPM were constructed correctly. The laboratory strain of S. cerevisiae YS58 with ura3, trp1, leu2, his4 auxotroph was transformed with plasmid pPM. Yeast transformants were screened on synthetic minimal medium (SD) containing leucine, histidine and tryptophan. The sulphite production of the transformants carrying pPM was 2 fold of that in the control strain YS58, which showed that the

  15. Perspective on the personal and professional needs of the project leader in construction industry in Libya: a case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Hamid kadir Pakir

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The quality of leadership is one of the most important factors in determining the success and survival of groups and organizations. The purpose of this paper is to examine the leadership needs of the project manger in the Libyan construction companies. The objective was identified the most important and crucial personal and professional needs of the project manager. This study attempted to identify the needs of the project managers in the construction industry in Libya. The finding has shown that all managers surveyed basically agreed that adherence to law/legality, specific, concise and rational, followed by intuitive and open minded are ranked as the most crucial personal needs that should be acquired to become an effective project manager in the construction industry. On the other hand, attention to details, project focus, adherence to construction industries/ professional codes, time concious / constraints, problem solving were ranked as the crucial professional needs that required the respondents.

  16. MEASURING THE PERFORMANCE OF GUYANA’S CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY USING A SET OF PROJECT PERFORMANCE BENCHMARKING METRICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher J. Willis

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available A study measuring the performance of Guyana’s construction industry using a set of project performance benchmarking metrics was recently completed. The underlying premise of the study was that the aggregated performance of construction projects provides a realistic assessment of the performance of the construction industry, on the basis that construction projects are the mechanism through which the construction industry creates its tangible products. The fact that an influential government agency acted as owner of the study was critical to the data collection phase. The best approach for collecting project performance data in Guyana involves the utilisation of a researcher or team of researchers mining electronic and hard copy project documents. This study analysed approximately 270 construction projects to obtain an indication of the performance of guyana’s construction industry. It was found that sea defence projects performed the worst, whereas health facility projects performed the best. The main implication of this is that sea defence projects are likely to be the least efficient and, given their critical nature, there is an argument for urgent performance improvement interventions.

  17. Thoroughly Implementing the Spirit of the 18th CPC National Congress to Promote Ecological Civilization Construction to a New Level in Suzhou%深入贯彻党的十八大精神努力推动苏州生态文明建设再上新台阶

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋宏坤

    2014-01-01

    切实加强生态文明建设,是党的十八大从中国特色社会主义“五位一体”总体布局高度明确的重大战略任务;是苏州经济社会发展到一定阶段,满足人民群众更高层次期待的迫切要求;更是苏州率先基本实现现代化,继续走在全省、全国前列的重要保障。在新的发展阶段,苏州要加快推进全面转型,努力形成生态文明与产业升级、城乡发展协调共进局面;要抓住重大工程建设,把握关键环节,努力提升生态文明建设层次,寻求生态文明建设重点突破;要切实加强制度创新,努力构建生态文明建设长效机制;要积极弘扬绿色环保理念,努力营造生态文明共建共享的良好氛围。苏州要努力推进生态文明建设再上新台阶,率先走出一条具有苏州特色的生产发展、生活富裕、生态良好的可持续发展之路。%Substantially strengthening the construction of ecological civilization is a highly specific and major strate-gic task of the“five one”overall layout of socialism with Chinese characteristics defined by the 18th CPC National Congress. It is an urgent requirement to meet the people’s higher expectations when the economic and social devel-opment is enhanced to a certain stage in Suzhou. It is also an important guarantee for Suzhou’s taking the lead in realizing the basic modernization and its being ranked in the forefront of the province and the whole country as well. In the new stage of development, Suzhou should accelerate its efforts to form a comprehensive transformation, upgrade ecological civilization and industry, harmonize urban and rural development, seize the major engineering construction, grasp the key link, promote the level of the construction of ecological civilization, achieve a signifi-cant breakthrough in the construction of ecological civilization, strengthen the institutional innovation, strive to build a long-term mechanism

  18. Engineering controls for selected silica and dust exposures in the construction industry--a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flynn, Michael R; Susi, Pam

    2003-04-01

    This literature review summarizes engineering control technology research for dust and silica exposures associated with selected tasks in the construction industry. Exposure to crystalline silica can cause silicosis and lung fibrosis, and evidence now links it with lung cancer. Of over 30 references identified and reviewed, 16 were particularly significant in providing data and analyses capable of documenting the efficacy of various engineering controls. These reports include information on generation rates and worker exposures to silica and dust during four different tasks: cutting brick and concrete block, grinding mortar from between bricks, drilling, and grinding concrete surfaces. The major controls are wet methods and local exhaust ventilation. The studies suggest that while the methods provide substantial exposure reductions, they may not reduce levels below the current ACGIH threshold limit value (TLV) of 0.05 mg/m(3) for respirable quartz. Although further research on controls for these operations is indicated, it is clear that effective methods exist for significant exposure reduction.

  19. THE COST CONTROL BY APPLYING THE TARGET COSTING METHOD IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radu MĂRGINEAN

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The Romanian economic spectrum considered on a slightly increasing trend in the general aspects of the national economy, feels increasingly the need for a development in the cost management issue. One of the modern methods of cost calculation that can fill this gap in the Romanian business practice in management accounting is the target costing method. The overall objective of this case study is to demonstrate the applicability and usefulness of this method in the cost controlling activity, widely used in the field of managerial accounting practice in the developed economies. The financial accounting and the managerial accounting converge in terms of ultimate interest for the company, i.e. value creation and performance increase in a sustainable way. After performing the case study with real financial data, we conclude that the target costing method is applicable and particularly useful in the construction industry and the results may provide support for decision-makers.

  20. Construction of a doramectin producer mutant from an avermectin-overproducing industrial strain of Streptomyces avermitilis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Xuejin; Wang, Yuanxin; Wang, Shiwei; Chen, Zhi; Wen, Ying; Song, Yuan

    2009-12-01

    The avermectin analogue doramectin (CHC-B1), which is produced in mutants that have an altered biosynthesis pathway of avermectin, is one of the most effective agricultural pesticides and antiparasitics. We report here the construction of a bkdF olmA double-deletion mutant lacking one of the branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase encoding genes (bkdF) and the oligomycin PKS encoding gene cluster (olmA) in Streptomyces avermitilis 76-05. We then characterized the production of various antibiotics in cultures of the deletion mutant. In a fermentation medium supplemented with cyclohexanecarboxylic acid, this double mutant produced doramectin and its analogues but no oligomycin. The mutant proved to be genetically stable, without any antibiotic resistance markers inserted into its chromosome, and could potentially become an industrial doramectin-producing strain after further improvement.

  1. Mastering the political Process of Building Innovation Networks - A Case from the Danish Construction Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stissing Jensen, Jens; Koch, Christian; Thomassen, Mikkel

    2008-01-01

    Drawing on network of innovation and organizational politics perspectives this paper analyzes the role of an innovation broker organization in developing and supporting an inter-organizational innovation process in the Danish construction industry. The aim is to implement an ICT-based product...... configuration tool to support the production, sale, and installation of balconies. It is suggested that the innovation broker was successful in stabilizing the innovation process by supplying minimal structures which provided a template which facilitated a combination of individual flexibility and overall...... synchronization. These minimal structures were both conceptual and processual. In the development phase these structures facilitated a processes of experimentation in which the utilization of the configurator were utilized to organize the development of several aspects and activities such as branding, product...

  2. The Management of Park Equipment and Machinery Used in the Construction Industry and Housing Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khayrullin Rustam

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The mathematical model was created, applicable to elaboration of options of development of a park of equipment and machinery used in construction industry, housing and utility management. The model based on solving the linear programming problem by means of simplex method. The mathematical model allows develop the rational plans and quasi optimal plans. The model is based on the created in the article the financial management algorithms of procurement and of repairs of equipment and machinery. The algorithms allow to take into account joint consideration of indicators of modernity and operability of equipment and machinery. The basic model is developed. The model is included into the automated planning system. It is used for planning and preparation of proposals of draft policy documents for development of park devices, equipment and machinery.

  3. Using project performance to measure effectiveness of quality management system maintenance and practices in construction industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leong, Tiong Kung; Zakuan, Norhayati; Mat Saman, Muhamad Zameri; Ariff, Mohd Shoki Md; Tan, Choy Soon

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposed seven existing and new performance indicators to measure the effectiveness of quality management system (QMS) maintenance and practices in construction industry. This research is carried out with a questionnaire based on QMS variables which are extracted from literature review and project performance indicators which are established from project management's theory. Data collected was analyzed using correlation and regression analysis. The findings indicate that client satisfaction and time variance have positive and significant relationship with QMS while other project performance indicators do not show significant results. Further studies can use the same project performance indicators to study the effectiveness of QMS in different sampling area to improve the generalizability of the findings.

  4. Using Project Performance to Measure Effectiveness of Quality Management System Maintenance and Practices in Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiong Kung Leong

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposed seven existing and new performance indicators to measure the effectiveness of quality management system (QMS maintenance and practices in construction industry. This research is carried out with a questionnaire based on QMS variables which are extracted from literature review and project performance indicators which are established from project management's theory. Data collected was analyzed using correlation and regression analysis. The findings indicate that client satisfaction and time variance have positive and significant relationship with QMS while other project performance indicators do not show significant results. Further studies can use the same project performance indicators to study the effectiveness of QMS in different sampling area to improve the generalizability of the findings.

  5. Time for a real shift to relations: appraisal of Social Network Analysis applications in the UK construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ximing Ruan

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The Social Network Analysis (SNA has been adopted in the UK construction management research and generated meaningful insights in analysing project management organisations from network perspectives. As an effective tool, social network analysis has been used to analyse information and knowledge flow between construction project teams which is considered as foundation for collaborative working and subsequently improving overall performance. Social network analysis is based on an assumption of the importance of relationships among interacting units. The social network perspective encompasses theories, models and applications that are expressed in terms of relational concepts or processes. Many believe, moreover, that the success or failure of organisations often depends on the patterning of their internal structure. This paper reviewed existing literatures on SNA applications in construction industry from three leading construction management journals.  From the review, the research proposed some advance in the application of SNA in the construction industry

  6. Time for a real shift to relations: appraisal of Social Network Analysis applications in the UK construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ximing Ruan

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The Social Network Analysis (SNA has been adopted in the UK construction management research and generated meaningful insights in analysing project management organisations from network perspectives. As an effective tool, social network analysis has been used to analyse information and knowledge flow between construction project teams which is considered as foundation for collaborative working and subsequently improving overall performance. Social network analysis is based on an assumption of the importance of relationships among interacting units. The social network perspective encompasses theories, models and applications that are expressed in terms of relational concepts or processes. Many believe, moreover, that the success or failure of organisations often depends on the patterning of their internal structure. This paper reviewed existing literatures on SNA applications in construction industry from three leading construction management journals.  From the review, the research proposed some advance in the application of SNA in the construction industry.

  7. Evaluation of natural radioactivity in some granitic rocks in the state of Parana, Brazil and its use in civil construction; Avaliacao da radioatividade natural em algumas rochas graniticas do estado do Parana e sua utilizacao na construcao civil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, Ademar de Oliveira

    2013-07-01

    Primordial, or terrestrial natural radionuclides, are found in different amounts in the environment. In dwellings, an important dose increment is due to building materials, which contribute for both the external gamma dose from the radionuclides of the {sup 238}U, {sup 235}U and {sup 232}Th series and the natural {sup 40}K and the internal dose, due mainly to {sup 222}Rn inhalation. Once granitic rocks are widely used both as construction materials or structural flooring, those rocks can become an important dose source, depending on the content of concentrations of radioactivity, and the construction application. In this work, a database for granitic rocks of the crystalline shield of Parana (mainly in the Metropolitan Region of Curitiba, RMC), used in civil construction, was generated, evaluating in terms of radiological protection the external and internal dose increments, caused by the use of these materials. Also, possible correlations between the {sup 226}Ra activity concentration, the {sup 222}Rn exhalation rate, density, porosity and chemical composition (oxide content) in these samples had been studied. The external dose was assessed by gamma-ray spectrometry with High-Purity Germanium detectors, where the activity concentration of the radionuclides {sup 232}Th, {sup 226}Ra and {sup 40}K are the parameters used in dosimetric models (Dosimetric Indexes), which established limits in accordance with the form, amount and application of material of construction. For the calculation of the annual effective external dose it was assumed a room model with dimensions of 4 m x 5 m x 2:8 m and all walls internally covered with 2 cm thickness of granite and an annual exposure time of 7000 h as suggested by the European Commission of Radiological Protection for internal superficial coating materials. The internal exposure was assessed from the radon concentration in the air of the room model, simulated from the superficial exhalation rate of {sup 222}Rn. The exhalation

  8. 土木工程建筑中绿色节能措施研究%Research of Green Energy Saving Measures in Civil Engineering Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王忠

    2014-01-01

    Energy crisis has intensified with the rapid dev-elopment of economy. Energy consumption of the construction industry occupies a large proportion in the total energy cons-umption. A lot of natural resources are consumed in the pro-cess of building’s construction and use. Therefore, green and energy saving in the construction industry can ease the global energy crisis and has important significance to realizing green environmental protection idea.%随着经济的飞速发展,能源危机逐渐加剧。建筑行业的能源消耗在总的能耗中占据着很大比例,它在建造和使用过程中,都需要消耗大量的自然资源。因此,建筑行业的绿色节能对于缓解全球能源危机,实现绿色环保理念有着重大意义。

  9. Estudio comparativo de las intenciones emprendedoras en estudiantes universitarios: caso práctico Ingeniería Civil Industrial, Universidad Arturo Prat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evadil Ayala Riquelme

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene como objetivo identificar, a través de un estudio comparativo, las intenciones emprendedoras de los Estudiantes de primer y último año de Ingeniería Civil Industrial de la Universidad Arturo Prat, Iquique-Chile. La hipótesis planteada, busca evidenciar, sí dentro del proceso formativo se logran establecer diferencias significativas en su intención de emprender. Para este estudio, se utilizaron los instrumentos de Intenciones Empresariales, desarrollado por F. Liñán en el año 2005 y el Cuestionario de Intenciones y Valores Empresariales, elaborado por S. Rueda, J. Moriano y F. Liñán, en el año 2015. En el análisis de los resultados obtenidos, no se evidencian diferencias significativas asociados a la aplicación de pruebas estadísticas, en la intención de emprender, sin embargo, se proporcionan interesantes elementos para el análisis de detalles que favorecerán las intervenciones de los programas académicos para desarrollar capacidades emprendedoras en los estudiantes.

  10. Application of Project Time Management Tools and Techniques to the Construction Industry in the Gaza Strip

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nabil Sawalhi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to investigate the level of applying theproject time management tools and techniques by public ownersand construction contractors in the Gaza Strip. This study hasbeen conducted by means of a survey questionnaire. Seventythreequestionnaires were distributed to target constructioncontractors and twenty-five questionnaires to public owners. Sixtycompleted questionnaires from contractors and twenty-threequestionnaires from public owners were received and analysed.The survey results indicated that contemporary project timemanagement tools and techniques are not widely used amonglocal contractors and owners. Lack of subcontractor’s knowledgeand awareness of the importance of project time managementtools and techniques are still major obstacles toward the efficientutilisation of such tools. This study recommended that there is anurgent need to establish a professional industry body such as anInstitute of Building to review and evaluate existing local projectmanagement practices. This professional body may be establishedby the government through the Ministry of Housing and PublicWorks or by the local university in cooperation with a similarinternational professional industry body. Current training effortshould be tailored to encourage owners and contractors to usework breakdown structures, resource optimisation, and networkscheduling.

  11. Tissue microarray design and construction for scientific, industrial and diagnostic use

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Pilla

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: In 2013 the high throughput technology known as Tissue Micro Array (TMA will be fifteen years old. Its elements (design, construction and analysis are intuitive and the core histopathology technique is unsophisticated, which may be a reason why has eluded a rigorous scientific scrutiny. The source of errors, particularly in specimen identification and how to control for it is unreported. Formal validation of the accuracy of segmenting (also known as de-arraying hundreds of samples, pairing with the sample data is lacking. Aims: We wanted to address these issues in order to bring the technique to recognized standards of quality in TMA use for research, diagnostics and industrial purposes. Results: We systematically addressed the sources of error and used barcode-driven data input throughout the whole process including matching the design with a TMA virtual image and segmenting that image back to individual cases, together with the associated data. In addition we demonstrate on mathematical grounds that a TMA design, when superimposed onto the corresponding whole slide image, validates on each and every sample the correspondence between the image and patient′s data. Conclusions: High throughput use of the TMA technology is a safe and efficient method for research, diagnosis and industrial use if all sources of errors are identified and addressed.

  12. Application of the removal of pollutants from textile industry wastewater in constructed wetlands using fuzzy logic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dogdu, Gamze; Yalcuk, Arda; Postalcioglu, Seda

    2017-02-01

    There are more than a hundred textile industries in Turkey that discharge large quantities of dye-rich wastewater, resulting in water pollution. Such effluents must be treated to meet discharge limits imposed by the Water Framework Directive in Turkey. Industrial treatment facilities must be required to monitor operations, keep them cost-effective, prevent operational faults, discharge-limit infringements, and water pollution. This paper proposes the treatment of actual textile wastewater by vertical flow constructed wetland (VFCW) systems operation and monitoring effluent wastewater quality using fuzzy logic with a graphical user interface. The treatment performance of VFCW is investigated in terms of chemical oxygen demand and ammonium nitrogen (NH4-N) content, color, and pH parameters during a 75-day period of operation. A computer program was developed with a fuzzy logic system (a decision- making tool) to graphically present (via a status analysis chart) the quality of treated textile effluent in relation to the Turkish Water Pollution Control Regulation. Fuzzy logic is used in the evaluation of data obtained from the VFCW systems and for notification of critical states exceeding the discharge limits. This creates a warning chart that reports any errors encountered in a reactor during the collection of any sample to the concerned party.

  13. Role of Target Indicators in Determination of Prognostic Estimates for the Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zalunina Olha M.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article considers interrelation of planning and forecasting in the construction industry. It justifies a need of determining key indicators for specific conditions of formation of the market model of development of economy, inconstant volumes of production in industry, absence of required volumes of investments for technical re-equipment of the branch, absence of sufficient volumes of own primary energy carriers, sharp growth of prices on imported energy carriers, absence of the modern system of tariffs on electric energy, and inefficiency of energy saving measures. The article offers to form key indicators on the basis of a factor analysis, which envisages stage-by-stage transformation of the matrix of original data with the result of “compression” of information. This allows identification of the most significant properties that influence economic state of the region under conditions of use of minimum of original information. The article forms key target indicators of the energy sector for the Poltava oblast. It calculates, using the proposed method, prognostic values of key indicators of territorial functioning for the Poltava oblast.

  14. [Treatment studies of industrial rainoff with a new type of constructed wetland].

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Li-Jun; Ma, Yong-Wen; Wan, Jin-Quan; Li, Dong-Ya; Wang, Yan

    2012-03-01

    According to water characteristics of industrial rain runoff in a catchment of Tongsha reservoir, Dongguan city, an improved baffled constructed wetland (BCW) was used for purification experiment study of simulated and on-the-spot rain runoff. The purification effects of simulated rain runoff were compared in different operated phases of BCW. Meanwhile, the variation of the pollutants (COD, SS, TN, TP, NH4(+) -N, Pb, Zn, Cu) along the BCW and their removal mechanism were analyzed and discussed, respectively. In the simulated experiment, the effluent water quality of BCW system met the needs of Environmental Quality Standard for Surface Water( GB 3838-2002) III, besides TN met IV, and most of the pollutants were removed in the front of the BCW. In the purification study of on-the-spot rain runoff, removal rate of COD, SS, TN, TP and NH4(+) -N were 90.9%, 97.0%, 83.4%, 92.2% and 90.0%, respectively; removal rate of Pb, Zn and Cu were 98.4%, 94.1% and 93.6%, respectively. The effluent met the grade III. Results showed that there was remarkable treatment performance of industrial catchment rain runoff when BCW system was used, which also can withstand strong shock load. Moreover, a modest variation of temperature affected the removal of pollutants in the BCW insignificantly.

  15. Towards zero industrial waste: Utilisation of brick dust waste in sustainable construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinuthia, J M; Nidzam, R M

    2011-08-01

    Laboratory investigations were carried out to establish the potential utilisation of brick dust (BD) in construction. The dust is a waste material from the cutting of fired clay bricks. Currently, the disposal of the dust is a problem to the brick fabrication company, and hence an environmental pollution concern. The dust was stabilised either used on its own or in combination with Pulverised Fuel Ash (PFA), a by-product material from coal combustion. The traditional stabilisers of lime and/or Portland Cement (PC) were used as controls. The main aim was to use a sustainable stabiliser material, where these stabilisers were partially replaced with Ground Granulated Blastfurnace Slag (GGBS), a by-product material from steel manufacture. Compacted cylinder test specimens were made at typical stabiliser contents and moist cured for up to 56 days prior to testing for compressive and California Bearing Ratio (CBR) strength tests, and to linear expansion during moist curing and subsequent soaking in water. The results obtained showed that partial substitution of the dust with PFA resulted in stronger material compared to using it on its own. The blended stabilisers achieved better performance. These results suggest technological, economic as well as environmental advantages of using the brick dust and similar industrial by-products to achieve sustainable infrastructure development with near zero industrial waste.

  16. 公民社会视域下我国社会建设之思考%Thinking on Social Construction in China from the View of Civil Society

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周晓丽

    2014-01-01

    一方面,社会建设离不开公民社会的参与;另一方面,社会建设活动也促进了公民社会的成长。在公民社会理念的推动下进行社会建设,必须培育社会组织,充分发挥其在社会建设中的作用;进行信任增量重建,促进社会建设中社会资本的积聚;重视公民参与,增强公众对社会建设的认同度;加强公民责任,注重法治与规则的建构。%On the one hand,social construction cannot carry on without the participation of the civil society;on the other hand,social construction will also promote the growth of the civil society.Under the promotion of the concept of civil society,our social construction must culti-vate social organizations and give full play to its role and strengthen the trust incremental re-construction to promote the accumulation of social capital and emphasis on citizen participation to enhance public awareness and strengthen civic responsibilities and pay more attention to the construction of the rule of law.

  17. Influence of the civil construction debris layer in heavy metals removal of the leachate submitted to recirculation in landfill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maike Rossmann

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Little is known about the ability of stabilized organic matter (old MSW and construction waste (RCC to retain heavy metals from leachate generated in landfills. The objective of this study was to assess the potential of MSW to remove old heavy metals in MSW leachate produced by freshly collected, and the effect of RCC in the concentration of heavy metals in effluents from MSW old. In three columns (CR, put a layer of RCC and then MSW old and, on the other three (SR, only MSW old. Analyzed in the leachate and effluent pH, EC, BOD and metals Zn, Cd, Cu and Pb. There were similar and efficient removal of BOD and heavy metals in both treatments. The presence of the layer of RCC was considered important to the overall improvement in effluent quality, but did not influence the concentration of metals in the effluent. The order of retention of metals in the columns was: Cu ~ Pb> Cd> Zn. With the exception of Cd and Zn, all other variables assessed in the effluent were below the maximum standards set in DN 01.08 COPAM / CERH for release effluent into water bodies.

  18. CIVIL ENGINEERS' ROLES IN PUBLIC WORKS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murata, Teruaki

    Recently, the public interests are becoming high in the way of executing public works and the future direction of infrastructure development, which raises nation-wide discussion on these issues. How should we make our country's growth strategy for sustainable development? How should we realize the grand design of infrastructure needed for the implementation of such a strategy? It is obvious that further discussions are needed for these challenging questions. With an aim to promote such discussions, this paper reviews the history of public works and the professional practices (or accomplishments) of our great civil engineers, and discusses the future of public works and the roles of civil engineers based on their origin. Further, in this paper, the author, as the chairman of the Public Works Committee of Japan Civil Engineering Contractors Association, introduces the Association's proposal of "realization of an attractive construction industry." However, for its realization, sustainable institutional arrangements under social consensus are indispensable. Also, individual engineer must establish his/her own identity based on sense of social ethics. It is the author's hope that, through these journals, the professional practices of civil engineers will be widely known to the public with objective logics and discussed to achieve social consensus.

  19. The relevance of the ISO26000 social responsibility issues to the Hong Kong construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa Robyn Barnes

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available CorporateSocial Responsibility (CSR, the responsibility of a corporation for theimpacts of its decisions on society and the environment, originated as a termin the 1950’s (Carroll 1999. However, ISO 26000 (ISO 2010“Guidance on Social Responsibility” published in November 2010, redefines “SocialResponsibility” (“SR” broadly, by reference to SR principles, core subjectsand issues. The Hong Kong Construction Industry (“HKCI” sector is critical to Hong Kong’s economy, accounting for5.6% of the GDP and 9.2% of employment in 1999 (Tang 2001. In 2011, the gross value of constructionwork by main contractors amounted to HK$128.53 billion and contributed HK$65.4 billion (HKGov 2013to the total GDP of HK$1,823.2 billion (3.6% (HKTDC 2013.The aim of this research is toinvestigate which ISO 26000 CSR issues are relevantto HKCI firms. Theprinciple findings are that: the reported level of HKCI CSR activity relativeto the 7 core subject of ISO 26000 is a function of company size; many SME’sconsider that many of the ISO 26000 SR issues are irrelevant to them; but forthe large construction contractors, reputation, legislation and or regulation andcorporate culture are drivers of improvements in CSR in the HKCI.

  20. Quantitative and Qualitative Parameters of Awards in Architecture and Construction Industries of Latvia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilze Mikelsone

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available While evaluating the built environment, predominant agreement on what aspects constitute an achievement or failure in architecture is changing in the course of time. The subject of the research is value set agreements in regional comprehension, followed by the generic tree of award in architecture and construction industries of Latvia. Recently, besides the original task of promoting quality, the judgment typology can be considered a significant evidence of what the contemporary questions, problems and challenges consist of in the regional architecture. Based on the method of analytic comparison, this research paper lists regional awards as established public forms of judgment, reflected in professional editions and mass media during the last two decades. By sorting them by responsible initiatives, aim formulations, establishment data, criterion and target audience, the paper focuses on the general examination of affiliation segments and quantitative and qualitative indicators in the awards assigned since 1990. Conclusions include the data on widespread generalizations in the terms of criteria, segmentation and fragmentation, reputation of subjectivity, commercialization and expansive development in awarding, and at the same time raise the lack of constructive criticism culture in Latvia.

  1. Pattern extraction for high-risk accidents in the construction industry: a data-mining approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amiri, Mehran; Ardeshir, Abdollah; Fazel Zarandi, Mohammad Hossein; Soltanaghaei, Elahe

    2016-09-01

    Accidents involving falls and falling objects (group I) are highly frequent accidents in the construction industry. While being hit by a vehicle, electric shock, collapse in the excavation and fire or explosion accidents (group II) are much less frequent, they make up a considerable proportion of severe accidents. In this study, multiple-correspondence analysis, decision tree, ensembles of decision tree and association rules methods are employed to analyse a database of construction accidents throughout Iran between 2007 and 2011. The findings indicate that in group I, there is a significant correspondence among these variables: time of accident, place of accident, body part affected, final consequence of accident and lost workdays. Moreover, the frequency of accidents in the night shift is less than others, and the frequency of injury to the head, back, spine and limbs are more. In group II, the variables time of accident and body part affected are mostly related and the frequency of accidents among married and older workers is more than single and young workers. There was a higher frequency in the evening, night shifts and weekends. The results of this study are totally in line with the previous research.

  2. A Principal Component Analysis of Project Management Construction Industry Competencies for the Ghanaian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rockson Dobgegah

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The study adopts a data reduction technique to examine the presence of any complex structure among a set of project management competency variables. A structured survey questionnaire was administered to 100 project managers to elicit relevant data, and this achieved a relatively high response rate of 54%. After satisfying all the necessary tests of reliability of the survey instrument, sample size adequacy and population matrix, the data was subjected to principal component analysis, resulting in the identification of six new thematic project management competency areas ; and were explained in terms of human resource management and project control; construction innovation and communication; project financial resources management; project risk and quality management; business ethics and; physical resources and procurement management. These knowledge areas now form the basis for lateral project management training requirements in the context of the Ghanaian construction industry. Key contribution of the paper is manifested in the use of the principal component analysis, which has rigorously provided understanding into the complex structure and the relationship between the various knowledge areas. The originality and value of the paper is embedded in the use of contextual-task conceptual knowledge to expound the six uncorrelated empirical utility of the project management competencies.

  3. A Discussion of Obser-View as a Method of Generating Data in the Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umeokafor N.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study demonstrates the paradigmatic position of obser-view and argues for the incorporation of reflectivity in obser-view to foster rigorous data generation. Aimed at introducing obser-view to the construction industry as a method of generating data, this study critically examines obser-view, exploring its application to construction research. Obser-view is an emerging data collection technique developed by Kragelund in 2006, where a non-scripted interview immediately post-observation is conducted. This helps to gain a deeper understanding of the phenomenon. Although researchers adopt various strategies to ensure rigor in qualitative research, there are still concerns in relation to validity, reliability, bias and objectivity in qualitative research. However, developing strategies that will help in gaining a deeper understanding of the phenomenon in study and tackling the aforementioned challenges will help in ensuring transparency in qualitative research. A review of literature is presented, the limitations and benefits of obser-view are also presented.

  4. QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS ON THE LEVEL OF IBS ACCEPTANCE IN THE MALAYSIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MOHD SANUSI S. AHAMAD

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This IBS Survey report continues a practice that began in 2003. The first report was published in 2003 followed by in 2005 and in 2008. It records recent trends in selected areas that reflect Malaysia’s achievement on the IBS usage in building construction industry. Due to the dynamic economic and technological changes, IBS usage reports have been increasingly important. The design of the quantitative survey in IBS acceptance questionnaire is based on the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM. The comparison was done between the class of contractors G7 and the combined groups of G6, G5, G4. The t-test analysis shows that all the class of contractors (G7, G6, G5 and G4 have a common agreement on the awareness of IBS and IBS actual use (the benefits of using IBS in construction but have a significant difference in opinion on IBS actual use (the problems faced in using IBS and promotion of IBS by the government through CIDB, perceived ease of IBS use and perceived IBS usefulness. However, there are items in the variable that show significant difference between the comparison groups.

  5. Evaluating Levels of Project Planning and their Effects on Performance in the Nigerian Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Godwin Idoro

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This study compares the level of project planning on public andprivate sectors projects and its impact on performance. Thepurpose is to create awareness of the level and effectivenessof the planning done by public and private clients in the deliveryof construction projects. A questionnaire survey administeredto a sample of 130 client representatives selected by stratifi edrandom sampling from the population of public and private clientsin the Nigerian construction industry is used and analysed usingdescriptive statistics, the t-test and Spearman correlation test. Theresults show that the level of preconstruction planning on privatesector projects is higher than that of public sector projects whilethe level of contract planning done by the latter is higher thanthat of the former. Furthermore, the performance of private sectorprojects is higher than that of public sector projects in many of theparameters used. However, the level of preparation of life-cyclecharts that concern project delivery time in both public and privatesectors projects is low and the level of project planning in the twocategories of projects has a limited impact on project performance.The understanding of how public and private sectors projectsperform in planning and its impact are expected to assist publicand private clients to know the challenges ahead of them in theireffort to improve the planning and performance of their projects.

  6. Project on standards on good behaviour for the civilian nuclear industry; Projet de normes de bonne counduite pour l`industrie nculeaire civile

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strohl, Pierre; Derche, Bernard [Association Internationale du Droit Nucleaire, Paris (France). Section Francaise

    1995-12-31

    Nuclear energy has provoked complex and sometimes heated debates involving politic, economic, scientific and moral issues, objective data alongside irrational feelings, short-term calculations as well as concerns touching on the far-reaching of humanity and the earth. These debates go beyond national borders as it is obvious that even though each country may hold divergent positions regarding the development of nuclear energy, their effects have an international scope, and, therefore, must be taken into account by all nations, even those who do not operate nuclear installations. Whatever conclusion may be drawn from these debates, decisions on nuclear energy are always taken by the political authorities, almost always at the highest level, be it national or international. These political decisions then become the body of legal standards, particularly the regulations which govern how nuclear energy is used. The main standards are for technical and scientific quality, applying to energy resource needs, to the reasons why the nuclear industry should be developed, to radioprotection and nuclear security, to protection of the environment, to radioactive waste management, to information and consulting to the public, to international cooperation, to non-proliferation of atomic weapons and to physical protection of nuclear materials. (author).

  7. 论生态文明发展与廉政建设的契合%Research on the Integration of Ecological Civilization and An-ti-corruption Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖杰

    2015-01-01

    党的十八大提出生态文明建设的发展新理念,要求全面落实经济建设、政治建设、文化建设、社会建设、生态文明建设五位一体总体布局。生态文明建设需要廉洁的政治体系作保障,廉政建设也需要生态文明发展的支撑,生态文明建设与廉政建设在发展过程中形成契合。实现生态文明发展与廉政建设契合的合理路径,首先需要构建以廉政建设为保证的生态文明发展环境,其次是使生态文明的理念在廉政建设过程中得到有效渗透,从而使生态文明建设和廉政建设形成合力促进社会的全面发展。%The 18t h National Congress of the CPC puts forward a new development concept of the construction of ecological civilization, which calls for a comprehensive implementation of an overall layout which integrates economic, political, cultural, social and ideological civilization construction. The construction of ideological civilization requires the safeguard of a clean po-litical system. Meanwhile, anti-corruption construction needs the support of ecological civilization development. The two corre-sponds with each other during the process of development. To find out a proper path to unite the two, we should first construct an atmosphere of ideological civilization development with the guarantee of anti-corruption construction. Then, we should let the concept of ideological civilization effectively penetrate into the course of anti-corruption construction. In this way, the two forces can unite together so as to promote the overall social development.

  8. 浅谈陕西航空物流综合信息平台建设%The Construction of Civil Aviation Logistics Information Platform in Shaanxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郁苏炜

    2014-01-01

    Considered the demand of Western Development, the construction of Aviation Logistics information platform is very important. This paper proposes a model of the platform include Architecture, standard, and the function. This platform will provide a stable environment for the development of Civil Aviation Logistics in Shaanxi.%按照国家西部大开发战略部署和“关中-天水经济区发展规划”,结合陕西经济发展和对外开放的需要,通过建设符合国际航空物流数据标准、融合电子口岸、电子商务功能,涵盖物流产业链和物流产业资金链、具备强大数据处理能力的航空物流信息平台体系,进一步提高内陆口岸通关能力,为陕西对外开放和经济社会发展做出贡献。

  9. 土木工程投标报价模型研究(英)%An Offer Model for Civil Engineering Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢德林; 章祥荪; 糜莺英

    2001-01-01

    本文主要研究单一不可分土木工程的n人投标报价模型.报价高低不是是否中标的唯一决定性因素,施工方案和工程报价为赢得工程施工合同共同发挥组合效应,并且在一定条件下,通过工程竞标,中标价会趋于Nash平衡.%In this paper,we consider an offer model in which one indivisible civil-engineering project of unknown construction cost is tendered to n tenders.The offer is not the sole decisive factor which decides who will get the contract,the tendering plan and the offer can play an important combinatorial role in the competition,and the winner's final offer via the procedure of competitive bidding tends to the symmetric Nash equilibrium in both the probabilistic sense and the economic sense.

  10. Characterizing of steel used in the construction of civil works in Almeria; Caracterizacion mecanica de aceros empleados en el sector de la construccion de Almeria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Senobua, A. J.; Garzon, E.; Ayuso, J.; Perez, F.; Caballero, A.

    2003-07-01

    Various tests have been conducted on the steel bars used in the construction of civil works in Almeria (Spain) during the period 18 January 2000-7May 2001, with the aim of mechanically characterizing the different types of steel (weldable; B400S, B500S and ductile weldable: B400SD) to determine whether there is a technical reason for the increase in the use of ductile weldable steel. For this, we have used a hydraulic machine to break by traction all the test samples that arrived to the laboratory, following the specifications of the UNE 7474-1:1992 and the UNE 7474-2:1992. The results indicate that only in 86% of the cases does the steel B400SD satisfy the limits specified by the UNE 36065:1999-EX, as opposed to 95 and 94% of the B400S and B500S steels. In addition the ductile weldable steel registered mean values lower than those of B400S. This findings disagrees with expectations set by the specifications. (Author) 6 refs.

  11. Building Management and ICT Learning in Civil Engineering Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansson, Per Lennart

    2005-01-01

    The paper presents structures of the learning domains of building informatics exemplified with experiences from building management civil engineering and open education in Industrial IT at Aalborg University. The courses cover areas such as; object oriented programming and relational database...... of ICT in construction courses are reported with particular emphasis on the Aalborg University Project Oriented Problem Based learning model, PPBL. Experiences from present and possible future use of virtual learning spaces and ICT tools to support teaching, learning, and (meta) information handling...

  12. Gás natural: a construção de uma nova civilização Natural gas: the construction of a new civilization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edmilson Moutinho dos Santos

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho discute o papel do gás natural no Brasil e no mundo, sugerindo que a humanidade está no caminho de construir o que se pode chamar de "Civilização do gás". Parte-se de um breve panorama da realidade energética internacional, comparando-se vários cenários, de instituições de reconhecida competência, que procuram descrever possibilidades para o futuro energético do planeta. Uma análise comparada desses cenários permite identificar o consumo crescente do gás natural como uma das tendências fortes para os próximos vinte a cinqüenta anos. Em seguida, introduz-se o conceito de "Civilização do gás", apresentando alguns elementos que o justificam. Oferece-se, então, uma perspectiva brasileira do problema. A partir de antecedentes históricos da indústria do gás no Brasil, apresenta-se uma visão crítica sobre o futuro dos gases combustíveis na matriz energética nacional.This work discusses the role of natural gas in Brazil and in the world, suggesting that the humanity is building up a kind of Gas Civilization. The text starts with a brief panorama of the international energy reality comparing several scenarios proposed by recognized institutions, and which try to describe possibilities for the future of energy in the planet. Such comparative analysis allows identifying the growing consumption of natural gas as a strong energy trend for the next 20 to 50 years. Then, the concept of Gas Civilization is introduced, presenting some elements justifying it. Following, the article offers a Brazilian perspective of the problem, starting from the historical antecedents of the gas industry in Brazil, and developing a critical vision regarding the future role of the combustible gases in the Brazilian energy mix.

  13. 关于中国建筑业实施精益建造的思考%Consideration on Lean Construction Applied in China Construction Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄宇; 高尚

    2011-01-01

    精益建造是当今建筑管理领域里一个较为热门的话题.通过比较建筑业和制造业的差异,以及讨论日式企业文化和管理与“精益”的渊源,并结合中国建筑业的现状,指出这些因素都将对推行精益建造提出一系列的挑战.对此,就如何在中国建筑业实施精益建造提出建议,即引入“改变/干预措施”,改变精益建造的重心,以及在高校开展精益建造的继续教育.%Lean construction has been a popular word in recent years in the construction management domain. The relationship between the Japanese management and lean are discussed by comparing the differences between construction and manufacturing. Based on the status of China' s construction industry, a series of challenges for implementing the lean construction in China are put forward. Therefore, authors give some advices for lean construction practices in China, namely by introducing the change approach, changing the focus of lean construction, and conducting lean construction education within the universities and colleges.

  14. Civil Identity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Lars Axel

    In this paper I will go through a catalogue of examples of contexts in which the term civil identity is currently used, ranging from the formal and technical process of linking a set of administrative and other events to an individual biological person by means of identity cards, fingerprints, iris...... scanning, etc., to discussions of Shari'a law versus common civil law in India; from the study of religious cult in ancient city states to the processes of constitutional reconstruction in former Communist countries; and from attempts at conflict resolution and prevention between Jewish and Arab citizens...... of Israel to Luce Irigaray's Feminist agenda of elaborating gender specific civil identities. My intention is to investigate whether these different employments of 'civil identity' point towards a common, and fairly well defined object field asking questions of contemporary relevance to the philosophy...

  15. Execution of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (1994 in the Construction Industry from Contractors’ Point of View

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Awang H.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Construction is one of the highest contributing industries to occupational accidents by sector in Malaysia. Statistics have been drawn from year to year that show an increasing number of cases of accidents by industry sector. While it is impossible to completely eliminate all accidents, with a proper and effective safety and health policy or rules set by top management, especially contractors, the rate of accidents on construction sites can be reduced. The main objective of this study is to analyse the degree of application of the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 (OSHA 1994 in the construction industry and to identify the contributing factors leading to a lack of execution of OSHA 1994 on construction sites with a primary focus on contractors’ point of view. Five on-going construction projects in Perak were selected as case studies and site inspections were conducted. The results showed that none of the contractors have fully implemented the rules and regulations provided by the government. Within this report, some recommendations are made towards enhancing the safety and health issues on construction sites.

  16. The Social Construction of the Microfinance Industry: a comparison of donor and recipient perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arjun Bisen

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Microfinance has been one of the fastest growing “industries” of the new millennium, with the sector now containing over 10,000 microfinance institutions (MFIs worth an estimated USD with over $60 billion in assets (Microfinance Information Exchange 2011. This expansion has stimulated interest from both scholars and the mainstream media. There is a growing volume of academic research which broadly centres on two approaches: an “institutionalist perspective” that highlights microfinance as an innovation in applying market solutions to social problems; and the other approach, often described as welfarist, that questions the capacity of an increasingly commericalised sector to realize a mission of poverty reduction. But do these themes and concerns permeate academic boundaries? Specifically, does media coverage in key donor and recipient countries confirm or challenge or even engage with these debates? To date much of this academic literature has overlooked how “microfinance” has been socially constructed in the public sphere through the mass media. Through its interpretation of events, the media can influence the way an issue is discussed and evaluated and in this way influence individual perceptions (Gamson 1988. In this article we present an analysis of recent media coverage of microfinance in one key donor country, the United States and one major recipient country, India. By conducting a media content analysis of 100 newspaper articles (sorted by level of relevance that appeared in the top 10 highest circulating English language newspapers in India and the US over a 12 month period January-December 2008 we discuss how media coverage in these two countries differed in significant ways. The Indian media sample tended to focus on operational issues and report on specific business activity within the microfinance industry, in general treating it as a ‘regular’ part of the financial and banking system. While the US media sample made

  17. The prosperity of Harbin cultural market and promoting the civilization city construction%繁荣哈尔滨文化市场助力文明城市创建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王怀宇; 宋东宁; 刁菲

    2013-01-01

      以哈尔滨市创建全国文明城市为切入点,从5个方面阐述了哈尔滨市文化市场的现状,指出了哈尔滨市文化市场主要存在发展规模小、文化消费水平低、供需矛盾突出、管理人才缺乏以及文化产业的发展存在体制性障碍等问题并且分析了原因,从而提出了以壮大特色文化市场主体为核心、以打造文化精品为突破口、以引导市民树立文明文化消费意识为保障加强队伍建设等方面的对策建议。%Taking Harbin city to create a national civilized city as the breakthrough point, the present situation of Harbin city cultural market is expounded from 5 aspects, and points out that the Harbin city cultural market mainly exist in the development of small scale, low level of cultural consumption, the contradiction between supply and demand, lack of management personnel development and culture industry in institutional obstacles and problems analysis of the causes, and put forward to strengthen the main characteristics of cultural market as the core, to create a culture of quality as a breakthrough, to guide the public to establish a culture of consumer awareness of strategies to ensure the team construction.

  18. Assessing attitudes, beliefs and readiness for musculoskeletal injury prevention in the construction industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Village, Judy; Ostry, Aleck

    2010-10-01

    The objectives are to determine attitudes and beliefs among construction workers and supervisors related to taking action to reduce musculoskeletal injuries (MSIs). "Action" stage of change was confirmed if workers in the last 6 months are continuing to take steps to reduce MSIs. Surveys (520 workers; 35% and 171 supervisors; 67%) revealed that more workers are concerned about MSIs (p<0.05) and are taking action to reduce MSIs (p<0.05) than supervisors. Workers taking action tended to be younger and less experienced than other workers (p=0.00). The final multivariate model showed those workers taking action were more likely to be mechanics and general laborers, to have experienced pain within the last week, to be involved in health and safety, to feel that changes aimed at reducing MSIs would be effective, and that injuries are due to adverse work conditions rather than with characteristics of individual workers. This information can be used to target ergonomics interventions in this industry.

  19. CONTRACTUAL RISKS IN THE NEW ZEALAND CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY: ANALYSIS AND MITIGATION MEASURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasper Mbachu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available While tendering for jobs, a contractor is expected to analyse the various risks in each prospective project and price them appropriately. Contingencies are included in the tender price to cater for the various risks based on their impacts on the project targets and profit margin. Currently in New Zealand (NZ, there is little or no information on the various contractual risks and their mitigation measures. This has led to contractors over compensating or under compensating for risks with costly consequences. This study aimed to establish priority contractual risks in the NZ construction industry, and their mitigation measures. The research was based on a questionnaire survey of consultants and contractors. Descriptive statistics and multi-attribute techniques were used in the data analysis. Results showed 21 risk factors which were segregated into 6 broad categories in diminishing levels of significance as follows: Site conditions, main contractor, pricing, subcontractor, external and client- related risks. Putting tags and conditions to risky price items in the tender bids, and transferring the risks onto other parties were analysed as the 2 most effective out of the 5 key risk mitigation measures identified. Being cautious of the priority risks and application of the identified effective risk mitigation measures could guide contractors and the project team to more appropriately budget for and respond to risks, thereby ensuring more satisfactory project outcomes.

  20. An Appraisal of Project Procurement Methods in the Nigerian Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ujaddughe I.C.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of every client at the beginning of any project is to have at the end of the day a quality structure delivered on time and within budget. However, researches have shown that in most cases this aim is not met. The aim of the study that formed the basis for this paper was to identify and assess procurement methods in use in the Nigerian construction industry and identify the factors that affect the choice of the variants under the traditional and the non-conventional procurement methods. Data were collected using well-structured questionnaires administered to professionals in Lagos metropolis. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The study reveals that the variants of traditional method of contract procurement are the most adopted in project execution in Nigeria. In making choice of procurement method, the study reveals that project completion at estimated time ranks as the highest factor considered for traditional method, while quality assurance ranks highest with non-conventional method.

  1. Values in Marx's Ecological Ethics Thought and Their Enlightenment to the Construction of Ecological Civilization%马克思生态伦理价值观对生态文明建设的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李慧芳

    2014-01-01

    Marx puts forward a series of thoughts of ecological ethics in his related works, which shed light on the construction of ecological civilization in aspects as the dialectical relationship between human and nature, the material transformation in the capitalist production process, the profit -driven nature of capitalism and the conse-quent capitalism dual crisis and moderate consumption patterns, etc.It can be seen that Marx's philosophy not only lays the theory foundation for the construction of ecological civilization, but also provides solution and methods.In today's construction of ecological civilization, Marx's ecological ethics thought plays the theory guide and forward -looking role to China's modernization and ecological civilization construction.%马克思相关著作中蕴含着一定的生态伦理思想,它对生态文明建设具有诸多启示,如人与自然的辩证关系,资本主义生产过程的物质变换,资本逐利性本质以及所造成的资本主义双重危机和适度消费模式等。由此观之,马克思哲学不但为生态文明建设奠定了理论根基,而且还提出了解决思路和方法。在当今生态文明建设中,马克思生态伦理思想对我国现代化建设和生态文明建设具有理论先导和前瞻性的作用。

  2. China to Take Three Measures to Curb Blind Expansion and Buplicated Construction of Industries with Excess Capacities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ It is reported that the relevant Chinese authority has said that they will follow the instruction of the central government and implement the policies and measures that have already been announced to strongly restrict the blind expansion and duplicated construction of industries with excess capacity and eliminate backward production capacity resolutely.

  3. Determining the optimal index of heat stress in foundry, die casting and road construction industries using FAHP_Topsis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Dehghanipoor

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Heat stress is one of the harmful risks in casting and die casting industries, which can not only cause work-related diseases but also can impair the performance and safety of workers. Since the indicators that are used to evaluate heat stress are very different, it is very difficult to choose a suitable index. The aim of this study was to determine the optimum heat stress index in foundry, die-cast, and road construction industries using FAHP and Topsis methods. Material and Method: In order to determine optimum heat stress index in foundry, die-cast, and road construction industries, first, the prioritization criteria were defined by experts (including ease of measurement, measurement accuracy, comprehensiveness, time, cost, and correlation. Then, considering these criteria, the best heat stress index was determined based on experts’ opinions and using FAHP and Topsis methods. Result: The results of this study suggest that given the current conditions and criteria, WBGT and P4SR is the best indices for foundry, die casting and construction. Conclusion: The results showed that according to comprehensiveness, accuracy and correlation criteria, the WBGT index is considered as the best indicator of heat stress assessment in foundry, die-cast and road construction industries. Moreover, the HSI ranked in the last place due to the complexity and cost of its calculation.

  4. 工民建工程施工管理的现状问题与对策%Analysis of the Status Problems and Countermeasures of Civil Engineering Construction Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘海滨

    2013-01-01

    笔者长期从事建筑工程现场施工管理工作,本文首先对我国目前工民建工程施工管理的现状进行了分析,并根据现状中存在的问题提出了相应的对策,以提高工程的施工管理质量。%In this article, the author engaged in site construct-ion management of engineering construction for a long time. This article first carries out the analysis of the status quo of Chinese current civil engineering construction management and put forward the corresponding countermeasures based on the problems in the current situation in order to improve the construction management quality of project.

  5. A new vision of the post-NIST civil infrastructure program: the challenges of next-generation construction materials and processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, H. Felix; Wan, Yan

    2014-03-01

    , security, and safety of elements of critical infrastructure for the Nation's already deteriorating civil infrastructure. It is envisioned that the Nation should look far beyond: not only should we efficiently and effectively address current problems of the aging infrastructure, but we must also further develop next-generation construction materials and processes for new construction. To accomplish this ambitious goal, we must include process efficiency that will help select the most reliable and cost-effective materials in construction processes; performance and cost will be the prime consideration for selections construction materials based on life-cycle cost and materials performance; energy efficiency will drive reduced energy consumption from current levels by 50 % per unit of output; and environmental responsiveness will achieve net-zero waste from construction materials and its constituents. Should it be successfully implemented, we will transform the current 21st century infrastructure systems to enable the vital functioning of society and improve competitiveness of the economy to ensure that our quality of life remains high.

  6. 推进城市生态文明建设策略研究与实践--以武汉市蔡甸生态区创建为例%Research and Practice On Promoting Strategy for the construction of urban ecological civilization--taking Wuhan CaiDian eco-region as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海; 李兆华; 万信琼; 尹珩; 黄婧

    2014-01-01

    The 18th National Congress of the Communist Party has made the ecological civilization construction one of the five of socialism overall layout with Chinese characteristics, which becomes propulsive agent for improving the quality of people’s lives. Taking the establishment of Wuhan CaiDian eco-region as an example, this paper put forward the construction target of the national ecological civilization model area of CaiDian as " Blue Sky, Green Ground, Clean Water, Beautiful City, Rich People, kind Person ". The paper pointed out that the construction of ecological industry, ecological habitat, ecological security, ecological environment and ecological cultural should be focused. The paper also reviewed the construction planning and implementation of Wuhan CaiDian eco-region, combined with the new requirements of current ecological civilization construction in Wuhan city, the emphasis and important focus for developing the eco-region construction were proposed..%党的“十八大”把生态文明建设纳入中国特色社会主义“五位一体”的总体布局,生态文明建设成为提高人民生活质量的推进剂。本文以武汉市蔡甸区生态区创建为例,提出了“天蓝、地绿、水净、城美、民富、人和”这一蔡甸国家级生态文明示范区的建设目标,指出需重点建设生态产业、生态人居、生态安全、生态环境和生态文化等五大体系。本文还对武汉市蔡甸生态区建设规划及实施情况进行了回顾,结合当前武汉市建设生态文明的新要求,提出了开展生态区建设工作的重难点及重要关注点。

  7. The Historical Reviews and Lesson Enlightments of Ecological Civilization Construction in Yunnan Province%云南生态文明建设的历史回顾与经验启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周琼

    2016-01-01

    The traditional ecological environmental protection thought and behavioral norms of the ethnic minorities of Yunnan is the early form and established mode of ecological civilization.The early pro-ecological civilization thoughts and folk law constitute the foundation for advancing and carrying out modern and contempo-rary ecological civilization construction in the frontier minority areas.Yunnan province started the construction of ecological civilization since the goal of constructing ecological civilization presented by the 17th CPC National Congress in 2007 .All levels of CPC parties and governments have taken a series constructive measures,and aca-demia has made many researches on the ecological civilization construction from different perspectives,so great theoretical and practical achievements have been obtained.After the 18th CPC National Congress,Yunnan'eco-logical civilization construction is in full swing.Therefore,the experience and lessons have important implica-tions for the strategies of promoting innovation and green development.But the construction mode of pacesetters of ecological civilization needs continuous exploration to advance from theoretical studies to the application in or-der to achieve effective results through summarizing and improving the past experience.%云南各民族具有的传统生态环境保护的思想和行为规范,是生态文明的早期形式及存在模式。这类前生态文明时代的思想及民间“法制”,是现当代生态文明建设在边疆民族地区推进及实施的基础。2007年,党的十七大提出生态文明建设目标后,云南开始了生态文明建设新的进程。各级党政部门采取了系列建设措施,学界也对云南生态文明的建设进行了不同视角的研究,从理论到实践取得了较大成就。十八大以后,云南生态文明的建设全面展开。其建设历程及经验教训对目前开拓创新、绿色发展战略具有极大的启示意义

  8. A Moral (Normative) Framework for the Judgment of Actions and Decisions in the Construction Industry and Engineering: Part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkhatib, Omar J

    2016-12-02

    The construction industry is typically characterized as a fragmented, multi-organizational setting in which members from different technical backgrounds and moral values join together to develop a particular business or project. The most challenging obstacle in the construction process is to achieve a successful practice and to identify and apply an ethical framework to manage the behavior of involved specialists and contractors and to ensure the quality of all completed construction activities. The framework should reflect a common moral ground for myriad people involved in this process to survive and compete ethically in today's turbulent construction market. This study establishes a framework for moral judgment of behavior and actions conducted in the construction process. The moral framework provides the basis of judging actions as "moral" or "immoral" based on three levels of moral accountability: personal, professional, and social. The social aspect of the proposed framework is developed primarily from the essential attributes of normative business decision-making models identified in the literature review and subsequently incorporates additional attributes related to professional and personal moral values. The normative decision-making models reviewed are based primarily on social attributes as related to moral theories (e.g., utilitarianism, duty, rights, virtue, etc.). The professional and moral attributes are established by identifying a set of common moral values recognized by professionals in the construction industry and required to prevent common construction breaches. The moral framework presented here is the complementary part of the ethical framework developed in Part I of this article and is based primarily on the personal behavior or the moral aspect of professional responsibility. The framework can be implemented as a form of preventive personal ethics, which would help avoid ethical dilemmas and moral implications in the first place

  9. Research on Platform Construction of Manufacturing Practice for Industrial Design Specialty in Colleges

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaowei Jiang; Yumei Song

    2015-01-01

    In view of that manufacturing practice is indispensable practical link of industrial design specialty, the author analyzes the current situation of manufacturing practice in industrial design specialty and the existing problem in manufacturing practice system, discussing the necessity of research on manufacturing practice for industrial design specialty. Among them establishing the manufacturing practice factory of industrial design on campus, which lets the student enter and learn various pr...

  10. 生态文明建设视域下生态消费模式的构建%Constructing Ecological Consumption Pattern from the Perspective of Ecological Civilization Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱高会

    2015-01-01

    生态消费是一种勤俭节约、绿色低碳、环保健康的消费模式,构建生态消费模式是加快推进生态文明建设、转变经济发展方式、构筑绿色和谐美丽人生的内在要求和现实需要。构建生态消费模式,必须由示范型政府、绿色环保型企业、生态自觉的公众三个主体协调推进,同时还要强化生态消费观的宣传教育,大力开展生态消费活动,健全生态消费制度体系。%Ecological consumption is a healthy consumption pattern with advantages of thrift, green, low carbon, environmental protection. Constructing this pattern is the inner requirement and the realistic need for accelerating advancing ecological civilization construction, changing economic development pattern, building harmonious and beautiful life. The building of the pattern must be coordinated and pushed forward by three subjects: the demonstration type government, green and environment-friendly enterprise, and self-conscious public with ecological sense. Meanwhile, lay stress on strengthening propaganda and education of the ecological consumption idea, energetically developing ecological consumption activities, and perfecting the institutional system of ecological consumption.

  11. The basic construction materials industry and today’s vast housing shortage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oteiza, I.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper documents some of the aspects of the major challenge facing world-wide building: humanity's daunting shortage of basic housing, monographically focusing on what this means for the basic building materials industry. These needs have created the greatest demand ever for ex-novo solutions and an exponential increase in slum rehabilitation and improvement, translated here into the need for construction materials and more specifically, cement, as the emblematic component of buildings.El trabajo aborda en forma documentada, algunos aspectos del mayor de los retos que tiene planteado a nivel cosmopolita el sector de la edificación: las ingentes necesidades de habitabilidad básica que padece la humanidad, centrándose en forma monográfica en lo que ello supone para la industria de materiales básicos de edificación. Necesidades que se traducen en la mayor demanda histórica de soluciones ex-novo y en el aumento exponencial de rehabilitación y mejora de tugurios, que los autores traducen en necesidades de materiales de construcción, y de forma más concreta, de cemento, como material emblemático de la edificación.El trabajo, mediante el análisis de casos, muestra la muy diferente repercusión que tienen los materiales sobre los presupuestos finales de lo ejecutado, según se trate del mundo desarrollado (MD o de países en vías de desarrollo (PVD. Por otra parte, estudia la incidencia general del sector 'informal' de la construcción, concluyendo que éste, en muchos países, es el consumidor mayoritario de materiales -specialmente cemento-y que a nivel mundial los PVD lo son tanto en producción como en consumo.

  12. Natural radioactivity of materials used in industry and construction in Serbia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todorović, Dragana J; Janković, Marija M

    2011-01-01

    Four different kinds of materials (feldspar, gypsum, clay and kaolin) commonly used in building construction and industry in Serbia were analyzed for their natural radioactivity, using gamma spectrometry. The radium equivalent activity, Ra(eq), the absorbed dose rate, D, the annual effective dose, D(E), and the external hazard index, H(ex), were evaluated to assess the radiation hazard for people living in dwellings made of the materials studied. The radium equivalent activities calculated in all samples are lower than the maximum admissible value 370 Bq kg(-1) set in the UNSCEAR report. The absorbed dose rate in air was found to vary from 0.02 to 0.19 μGy h(-1). Considering the fact that the average gamma dose rate indoors in Europe is 0.07 μGy h(-1), gamma dose rate calculated for feldspar, clay and kaolin samples exceed this limit. The obtained results for annual effective dose exceed limits of 0.41 mSv for feldspar, clay and kaolin samples. If the H(ex) exceeds unity, we might conclude that the potential external dose(s) to exposed individual(s) will exceed the acceptable level, and some action may be required. The obtained values of H(ex) are lower than unity for all investigated samples. All samples were measured immediately after preparation, except 10 samples of feldspar, because a comparative analysis were made between 215 samples which were measured immediately after preparation and 10 samples which were measured after radioactive equilibrium was reached in order to detect differences in the obtained concentrations.

  13. [Effect of constructed wetland on the purification of industrial zone rainfall runoff contaminated with phenanthrene].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jing, Dan-Dan; Wan, Jin-Quan; Ma, Yong-Wen; Li, Dong-Ya; Wang, Yan; Huang, Ming-Zhi

    2013-08-01

    According to the water characteristics of industrial rainfall runoff in the catchment of Tongsha Reservoir, Dongguan City, a subsurface-flow constructed wetland (SSFCW) was used to treat simulated rainfall and the spatial variation of removal efficiency of contaminants in the wetland bed was analyzed. The longitudinal and vertical variation of removal efficiency of COD, NH4(+) -N, TN, TP and phenanthrene were examined. Enzyme activity of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and nitrate reductase (NR) along the wetland bed were analyzed as well, meanwhile, four biogeochemical indexes of the wetland system, including DO, pH, ORP and water temperature, were monitored and their influences on the removal efficiency of contaminants and enzyme activity were analyzed. Results showed that DO, pH, ORP, water temperature all presented a decreasing tendency along the wetland bed, and the removal of COD, TP and phenanthrene occurred mainly in the front quarter of the wetland system; in the vertical direction, DO and ORP in the upper wetland bed were significantly higher than those in the ground floor, suggesting that the horizontal subsurface system was in an anaerobic or anoxic condition. The removal rates of COD, TP, TN, NH4(+) -N and phenanthrene were 1.17-1.36, 2.04-2.11, 1.40-1.92, 1.37-2.30, and 1.07-1.36 times higher than those at the bottom, respectively. Therefore, the vertical variation of purification efficiency was more significant than the longitudinal variation. A significant positive correlation was determined between the enzyme activity of NR and the NO3(-) -N concentration, but the longitudinal variation in the enzyme activity of NR and PPO was not obvious.

  14. Sustainability issues in civil engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Saride, Sireesh; Basha, B

    2017-01-01

    This compilation on sustainability issues in civil engineering comprises contributions from international experts who have been working in the area of sustainability in civil engineering. Many of the contributions have been presented as keynote lectures at the International Conference on Sustainable Civil Infrastructure (ICSCI) held in Hyderabad, India. The book has been divided into core themes of Sustainable Transportation Systems, Sustainable Geosystems, Sustainable Environmental and Water Resources and Sustainable Structural Systems. Use of sustainability principles in engineering has become an important component of the process of design and in this context, design and analysis approaches in civil engineering are being reexamined to incorporate the principles of sustainable designs and construction in practice. Developing economies are on the threshold of rapid infrastructure growth and there is a need to compile the developments in various branches of civil engineering and highlight the issues. It is th...

  15. Oral health of building construction workers: an epidemiological approach Saúde bucal de trabalhadores da construção civil: abordagem epidemiológica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilce Emy Tomita

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available This cross-sectional study aimed at evaluating the oral health conditions of building construction workers from a city in the mid-west region of São Paulo, Brazil. This study involved 219 male subjects, aged 17 to 72. The definition of a random sample utilized the functional number of each worker as a criterion to the raffle, which took into account all 450 subjects registered in the Working Accidents Prevention Program. The examination of oral health conditions by DMFT index and need of treatment were carried out according to WHO criteria (1997. This paper reports the prevalence of caries according to age, occupation, and educational level. Among the 219 workers examined, the mean DMFT was 16.9. Amongst the younger workers (Este estudo transversal foi delineado para avaliar as condições de saúde bucal de trabalhadores da construção civil em município da região centro-oeste do Estado de São Paulo. Foram examinados 219 indivíduos do sexo masculino, com idades entre 17 e 72 anos. O levantamento das condições bucais foi realizado em processo de amostragem aleatória simples, a partir do total de 450 inscritos na MEGA-SIPAT 2000 (Semana Interna de Prevenção de Acidentes do Trabalho. Foi utilizado o índice CPOD (cárie dentária e necessidade de tratamento odontológico, segundo metodologia proposta pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (1997. Neste estudo, são descritas a prevalência de cárie segundo a idade, ocupação e escolaridade. Entre os 219 trabalhadores examinados, o valor CPOD apurado foi 16,9. Os trabalhadores mais jovens (<25 anos de idade apresentaram média de 21,3 dentes sem necessidade de tratamento, enquanto os mais velhos mostraram necessidades progressivas de tratamento restaurador e reabilitador (p<0,001. Verificou-se índice CPOD de 15,6 para os trabalhadores de áreas administrativas e 21,7 para os mestres-de-obras, sem significância estatística. Houve aumento do índice CPOD segundo a idade, para todos os

  16. People Centered Innovation: Enabling Lean Integrated Project Delivery and Disrupting the Construction Industry for a More Sustainable Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Paolillo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available People-centered innovation is a paradigm shift in the construction industry. It is derived from the supposition that people not methods, schedules, or budgets deliver projects. Our data suggest that a multilevel, multidisciplinary project team through shared vision, values, and a common vernacular defines, designs, and delivers more successful projects than traditional methods. These projects meet the needs of shareholders, the community, stakeholders, and the planet. We employ the concepts of emotional intelligence and agency theory to explain an integrated project delivery (IPD construction project using lean tactics that not only delivered, but also exceeded expectations resulting in a six-month schedule acceleration and $60M savings over the original estimated cost of the project calculated assuming traditional project delivery methods. The safety rating for this project was 50% better than the national average and the expected improvement in operating margin for the new building is 33% greater. This paper introduces the notion of people-centered innovation to an industry that has struggled to adapt and show positive results over recent decades. Our case study describes the significance of people-centered innovation in construction project delivery. We discuss the implications for the construction industry going forward.

  17. Spatiotemporal Changes of Built-Up Land Expansion and Carbon Emissions Caused by the Chinese Construction Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuai, Xiaowei; Huang, Xianjin; Lu, Qinli; Zhang, Mei; Zhao, Rongqin; Lu, Junyu

    2015-11-01

    China is undergoing rapid urbanization, enlarging the construction industry, greatly expanding built-up land, and generating substantial carbon emissions. We calculated both the direct and indirect carbon emissions from energy consumption (anthropogenic emissions) in the construction sector and analyzed built-up land expansion and carbon storage losses from the terrestrial ecosystem. According to our study, the total anthropogenic carbon emissions from the construction sector increased from 3,905×10(4) to 103,721.17×10(4) t from 1995 to 2010, representing 27.87%-34.31% of the total carbon emissions from energy consumption in China. Indirect carbon emissions from other industrial sectors induced by the construction sector represented approximately 97% of the total anthropogenic carbon emissions of the sector. These emissions were mainly concentrated in seven upstream industry sectors. Based on our assumptions, built-up land expansion caused 3704.84×10(4) t of carbon storage loss from vegetation between 1995 and 2010. Cropland was the main built-up land expansion type across all regions. The study shows great regional differences. Coastal regions showed dramatic built-up land expansion, greater carbon storage losses from vegetation, and greater anthropogenic carbon emissions. These regional differences were the most obvious in East China followed by Midsouth China. These regions are under pressure for strong carbon emissions reduction.

  18. Up-to-date technologies of producing reinforced concrete constructions in transport industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ю. А. Клімов

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available Presented is the analysis of the works at XIII Congress of International Federeation of pre­reinforced concrete construction (FIP. Scientific researches and technical solutions of reinforced concrete constructions realized in the developed countries have determined the main trends in perfection of concrete constructions in the next century (perfection of data on quality of constructive solutions of reinforcement with on-metallic fibrous materials, energy saving technologies of concrete production, development and investigation of perspective technical solutions

  19. Civil Disobedience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martz, Carlton

    2000-01-01

    This theme issue looks at three historical and recent instances of civil disobedience. The first article examines the Free Speech Movement, which arose on the Berkeley campus of the University of California in the 1960s. The second article recounts the struggle of Mahatma Gandhi to free India from the British Empire. The final article explores the…

  20. A proposal for improving sustainability practice through the implementations of reuse and recycle technique in Malaysian construction industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osman, Wan Nadzri; Nawi, Mohd Nasrun Mohd; Saad, Rohaizah; Anuar, Herman Shah; Ibrahim, Siti Halipah

    2016-08-01

    Construction and demolition waste is often seen as the major contributor to the solid waste stream that is going to landfill, hence, making it the area of focus for improvement. In the construction industry, reuse and recycle principles have been promoted in order to reduce waste and protect the environment. Construction and demolition waste including demolished concrete, bricks and masonry, wood and other materials such as dry wall, glass, insulation, roofing, wire, pipe, rock and soil constitute a significant component of the total waste. Without proper reuse and recycle policies, these construction and demolition wastes would quickly fill all the remaining landfill space, which has already been growing in scarce around this region. Based on the feedback received, on average, a third of respondents said they currently have a lotto benefit from the use of reduce and reuse. In addition, they also agreed that the existing policies help and support the min carrying out the reduce and reuse practices. Respondents also agreed that other stakeholders in the construction industry currently have an excellent awareness in term of implementation of the reduce and reuse in their practices.

  1. 乡村文明建设背景下的农村厕所改革问题研究%Study on Rural Toilet Transformation under the Background of Rural Civilization Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯克宁; 王卫东

    2011-01-01

    The toilet,as a basic sanitation facility in daily life,is an important symbol of social change and civilization progress.To accelerate rural toilet transformation is an important part of the rural civilization and the New Countryside Construction,it is thus necessary to strengthen and guide relevant work.%厕所是人们生活中不可缺少的基本卫生设施,是反映社会变迁和文明进步程度的一个重要标志。加快我国农村厕所改革是乡村文明和新农村建设的重要组成部分,因此要加强对农村改厕工作的重视和领导。

  2. Factors Promoting Innovation and Efficiency in the Construction Industry: A Comparative Study of New Zealand and Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Will Chancellor

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available There have been numerous concerns about the lack of productivity improvement in the New Zealand construction industry.  The aim of this paper, therefore, is to determine the main drivers of productivity in the industry. The research used is a two-staged data envelopment analysis approach to achieve the aim. In terms of improvements to the productivity of construction in New Zealand, the study found that although there is a potential for gains through the greater use of research and development, apprentice training and degree education, as well as the consolidation of some building companies, there will be some limits to the gains that might be made. One main implication of the findings of the study, therefore, is that a renewed focus on education and skills training should be a priority of companies and policy makers in New Zealand.

  3. Creation of Polyurethane Injection Materials, Their Pilot-industrial Production, Development and Industrial Introduction of the Technology of Strengthening and Restoring the Operability of Damaged Constructions and Buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marukha, V.І.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Polyurethane and foam polyurethane fluid injection materials not conceding foreign analogues and technology technology of restoration and strengthening the operability of concrete and reinforced concrete structures and buildings damaged by cracks were developed. Normative and technical documentation on the injection materials and technological processes was created. The diagnosticrestoring complex for implementing the above technologies was designed, installed and utilized at the construction sites. The equipment is designed and manufactured; the technology of the research and industrial production of «A» and «B» components of injecting polyurethane materials is designed and developed. The pilot-scale batch is manufactured. Technological processes of preparation and application of the «A» and «B» componentsof the injecting materials in industrial conditions are worked out and implemented.

  4. Look-ahead strategies for controlling batch operations in industry : basic insights in rule construction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Zee, D.J.; Sullivan, W.A.; Ahmad, M.M.; Fichtner, D.; Sauer, W.; Weigert, G.; Zerna, T.

    2002-01-01

    Batching jobs in a manufacturing system is a very common policy in most industries. Main reasons for batching are avoidance of set ups and/or facilitation of material handling. Examples of batch-wise production systems are ovens found in aircraft industry and in semiconductor manufacturing. Starting

  5. Product modeling standards for the building and construction industry : Past, present and future

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tolman, F.P.

    1999-01-01

    For the past ten years most sectors of industry have been developing standards for the electronic sharing and exchange of product model data. While several related industries, such as automotive and shipbuilding manufacturing have been relatively successful in integrating electronic product models i

  6. BIM技术推动建筑行业变革%BIM technology promote the construction of industry transformation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勤

    2011-01-01

    BIM未来建筑行业的发展方向,透过BIM看建筑的全生命周期,BIM将在建筑的全生命周期管理中不断体现其价值。%BIM that the future direction of development of the construction industry,leaving the building through the whole life cycle of the watch in architecture,leaving the whole life cycle of management continuously reflects its value.

  7. Local exhaust ventilation for the control of welding fumes in the construction industry--a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flynn, Michael R; Susi, Pam

    2012-08-01

    Arc welding is a common unit operation in the construction industry, where frequent changes in location and welding position make it more difficult to control fume exposures than in industries where fixed locations are the norm. Welders may be exposed to a variety of toxic airborne contaminants including manganese (Mn) and hexavalent chromium (CrVI). Local exhaust ventilation (LEV) is a well-known engineering control for welding fumes but has not been adopted widely in the construction industry. This literature review presents data on the performance of a variety of LEV systems for welding fume control from the construction (five references), shipyard (five references), and other industries. The studies indicate that LEV can reduce fume exposures to total particulate, Mn, and CrVI to levels below currently relevant standards. Field studies suggest that 40-50% or more reduction in exposure is possible with portable or fixed LEV systems relative to natural ventilation but that correct positioning of the hood and adequate exhaust flow rates are essential. Successful implementation of extraction guns for gas metal arc welding (GMAW) and flux core arc welding has been demonstrated, indicating that a successful balance between extraction airflow and shielding gas requirements is possible. Work practices are an important part of achieving successful control of fume exposures; in particular, positioning the hood close to the arc, checking exhaust flow rates, and avoiding the plume. Further research is needed on hood size effects for controlling welding fume with portable LEV systems and identifying and overcoming barriers to LEV use in construction.

  8. CONSTRUCTION RISK TAXONOMY: AN INTERNATIONAL CONVERGENCE OF ACADEMIC AND INDUSTRY PERSPECTIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristen Barlish

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Risk management is a topic heavily researched and important for industry professionals. Both academic and industry perspectives are critical to advancing this field, especially in risk identification and taxonomy. A unique comparison and convergence of these perspectives is developed in order to understand the most relevant risks for projects and to ensure they are addressed in the risk management process. This comparison is created via a content analysis of the relevant literature and a survey to industry professionals. The differences and similarities among risks are analyzed, revealing that both perspectives emphasize financial/economic risks. The literature tends to focus on political; acts of God classified risks, whereas the industry places emphasis on regulatory risks. An elaboration of variations is performed aiming to improve the literature-based taxonomy taking into account the industry perspective to ensure its risk management process responds to these risks and provides a clearer focus towards future research.

  9. The analysis of injured and poisoned patients during the construction of urbanization and industrialization from 1998 to 2002

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Wei-qun; TU Chang-di; LIANG Shu-hui; ZHONG Xiao-ni; MAI Gui-shan

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To analyze the causes of injury and poisoning during construction of urbanization and industrialization and to explore proper measures.Methods: The data of the patients with injury and poisoning during construction of urbanization and industrialization treated in out hospital from 1998 to 2002 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The number of discharged patients of injury and poisoning accounted for 29.2% of the total number (49 800) of discharged patients in the corresponding period in our hospital, which was greater than that of other city and county hospitals, and accounted for 94.3% of the total number (15 411) of discharged patients of the Surgery Department in the corresponding period in our hospital. Injuries caused by motor vehicle traffic accidents, cutting and piercing instruments or objects, homicide and injury purposely inflicted by other persons and accidental falls held 78.9%. The number of the inpatients in 2002 increased by 83.3% compared with that of 1998, the number of injured and poisoned inpatients increased by 76.1% and these patients aged mainly at age of 15-39 years, holding 80.1%. In a year, the peak period of trauma patients was in summer because of hot weather; the fewest in February for the floating people went home for Spring Festival holidays.Conclusions: During construction of rural urbanization and industrialization, injuries and poisoning increase evidently and are the main tasks of surgical management. So to raise its treatment level and therapeutic effect is a key point.

  10. Skilled labour supply in the South African construction industry: The nexus between certification, quality of work output and shortages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abimbola O. Windapo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Construction human resource management.Research purpose: The study examines the skilled labour supply in the South African construction industry and determines whether there is a relationship between trade certification, quality of work output and scarce labour skills.Motivation for the study: The rationale for the investigation is based on the view of scholars that a skilled labour shortage is preponderant in the South African construction industry even though there is a high level of youth unemployment in South Africa and that the perceived skills shortage contributes to a decrease in productivity and product quality.Research design, approach and method: The paper reviews relevant literature and employs a mixed method research approach in collecting empirical data from contracting companies within the Western Cape Province of South Africa that are listed on the Construction Industry Development Board contractor register.Main findings: The study demonstrated that there is no shortage of manpower, but there is a shortage of qualified or skilled tradesmen, such as electricians, plumbers, welders, fitters and carpenters, whose professions are more technical and require formal training and certification. The level of supply of skilled tradesmen is attributed to the lack of high-quality basic education, the state of the economy, compulsory certification of tradesmen and an ageing workforce. It was also found that there is a significant relationship between skilled labour shortages and the requirement that labour be certified and that work output is unsatisfactory when there is no certification requirement.Practical/managerial implications: Based on these findings, the study concludes that skilled labour shortages and poor work output quality continue to be experienced in the South African construction industry when workers are unable to obtain formal certification for informal work experience acquired through years of practice on

  11. A CONCEPTUAL DISASTER RISK REDUCTION FRAMEWORK FOR HEALTH AND SAFETY HAZARDS IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir S. GOHARDANI

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The health and safety hazard status of construction workers is constantly challenged by the projects in the built environment. In this article, various aspects of health and safety hazards for construction workers have been reviewed and investigated through a disaster risk reduction prism. This approach has further led to the perception of glancing at the construction sector as an ongoing disaster zone and equally provides a new management perspective. From this perspective, the occurrence of a disaster within the construction sector corresponds to the temporary or permanent ill-health or death of a construction worker. Geographical location is one of the factors that play an important role in addressing the health and safety hazards for construction workers. In addition to the location, geographical considerations equally encapsulate regional, cultural, governmental and work ethical effects. These effects may potentially contribute to disparities in the construction sector. With an increasing level of understanding for health and safety hazards in the construction domain, more efficient prevention measures can be taken in order to enable a disaster management cycle, capable of responding to the rigorous demands of the construction sector.

  12. Design and construction of the first Iranian powerful industrial electron accelerator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AM Poursaleh

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In This paper we will introduce the process of design and manufacturing an electron accelerator with 10MeV energy and 100kW power as the first Iranian powerful industrial electron accelerator. This accelerator designed based on modeling of one of the most powerful industrial accelerator called Rhodotron. But the design of the accelerator in a way that can be localize by relying on domestic industries. So although it looks like a Rhodotron accelerator structure but has some different in design and manufacture of components, the results are satisfactory

  13. Simulating the competition evolution of the civil aviation industry based on cellular automata%基于元胞自动机的民航运输产业竞争演化模拟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    寇勇刚; 吴桐水; 柳青

    2011-01-01

    为研究民航运输产业的竞争演化,考虑航空公司的资源竞争力、职能竞争力、核心竞争力及动态核心能力四层次竞争力等因素,建立了元胞自动机模型.以中美两国民航运输产业的竞争演化为例,对主导元胞(航空公司)和支持元胞(机场)的协同发展及其盈利状况进行了模拟研究.研究结果表明,美国民航业放松航空管制后因航空公司动态核心能力不强,行业整体盈利状况不佳;我国民航业半放松管制后,盈利状况也不容乐观.然而,提高航空公司的动态核心能力既可以避免美国民航业发展中经营惨淡的局面,同时又能促进我国民航业的快速发展.%In order to research the competition evolution of the aviation industry, built the cellular automata model with consideration of resource, function, core competence and dynamic core competence of airlines four competition factors. Took competition evolution of the civil aviation industry in China and USA for examples, simulated the coordinated development and profit status of the major cells (airlines) and supportive cells (airports). The result indicates the industry profit status of USA are not good after the deregulation because airlines do not have enough dynamic core competence, the industry profit status of China also are not good after the half-deregulation. However, improving the dynamic core competence of airlines could prevent the civil aviation industry from the loss of USA development example, meanwhile, could promote rapidly development of our country's civil aviation industry, too.

  14. A Survey of Productivity in the Construction Industry: Measurement and Causes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-12-01

    increase in number rather than decrease [ Arditi , 1985 and Choromokos, 1981). RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT Numerous studies have examined the relationship between...Center, Houston, Texas 77024, 1987 ( Arditi ,1985) Arditi , David M., "Construction Productivity Improvement", Journal of Construction Enqineerinq and

  15. Feasibility Studies of Palm Oil Mill Waste Aggregates for the Construction Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Jegathish Kanadasan; Auni Filzah Ahmad Fauzi; Hashim Abdul Razak; Paramananthan Selliah; Vijaya Subramaniam; Sumiani Yusoff

    2015-01-01

    The agricultural industry in Malaysia has grown rapidly over the years. Palm oil clinker (POC) is a byproduct obtained from the palm oil industry. Its lightweight properties allows for its utilization as an aggregate, while in powder form as a filler material in concrete. POC specimens obtained throughout each state in Malaysia were investigated to evaluate the physical, chemical, and microstructure characteristics. Variations between each state were determined and their possible contributory...

  16. On the Role of Environmental Movement and Environmental Organizations in the Ecological Civilization Construction%环境运动和环境组织在生态文明建设中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁雷

    2013-01-01

    Environmental movements and organizations are important parts of social movements and organizations, which rose and grew closely with the environmental and ecological problems worldwide and the government and the market failures existing in the con-struction of ecological civilization. Environmental movements and organizations play a positive role in China ’s ecological civilization construction, with expanding public participation, reflecting the demands of the masses, strengthening the function of social autonomy. Environmental movements and environmental organizations are the weak links in China ’s ecological civilization construction. In order to promote the environmental movements and organizations grow healthy and orderly, we have to adhere to the unity of the Party ’s leader-ship,people as masters of the country and ruling the country by law.%  环境运动和环境组织的兴起与世界范围内日益凸显的环境和生态问题以及政府和市场在生态文明建设中存在的失灵现象紧密相连。环境运动和环境组织在我国生态文明建设中发挥着积极的作用,具有扩大群众参与、反映群众诉求、增强社会自治的功能。环境运动和环境组织是我国生态文明建设中的薄弱环节,要推动其健康有序发展,必须将党的领导、人民当家作主和依法治国有机统一起来。

  17. 核电厂土建施工三大原材料质量控制%Quality control of three main materials for civil construction of nuclear power plant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王锋

    2011-01-01

    核电厂的建造运行是一项系统工程。为了保证核电厂的质量安全,从设计立项到运行使用,每一个环节的工作都对质量安全产生不同程度影响。与之相关的每一步工作都必须做到质量受控。从核电厂建造过程中土建施工环节中的原材料质量控制入手,着重分析了土建施工中钢材、混凝土材料、模板材料三大主材如何实施质量控制和管理。%The construction and operation of nuclear power plant is a systematic engineering.To ensure quality and safety of nuclear power plants,each work from design to operation can have certain impact on the quality and safety of the project.The quality of each related work shall be controlled.Starting from the quality control over raw materials for the civil construction of nuclear power plant,this article mainly analyzes how to control the quality and manage the three main materials of steel,concrete and modular parts in the civil construction.

  18. Assessment of The Biological Integrity of The Native Vegetative Community In A Surface Flow Constructed Wetland Treating Industrial Park Contaminants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. C. Galbrand

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A study was conducted to evaluate the biological integrity of a constructed wetland receiving landfill leachate and stormwater runoff from the Burnside Industrial Park, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia. The biological integrity of the constructed wetland was tested in the second growing season using vegetative community monitoring. The metrics analyzed were species diversity, species heterogeneity (dominance and exotic/invasive species abundance. There was no significant difference in the plant species diversity between the constructed wetland and the reference site. However, the constructed wetland supported a higher plant species richness than the reference site. The top three species in the constructed wetland were tweedy’s rush (Juncus brevicaudatus, soft rush (Juncus effusus and fowl mannagrass (Glyceria striata. In total, these three species occupied 46.4% of the sampled population. The top three species in the reference site were soft rush (Juncus effusus, sweetgale (Myrica gale and woolgrass (Scirpus cyperinus. In total, these three species occupied a more reasonable 32.6% of the sampled population. The reference site supported greater biological integrity as it had greater heterogeneity and a smaller abundance of exotic and invasive species compared to the constructed wetland (3.8% versus 10.7%. Although poor heterogeneity and the presence of weedy, exotic species can be a sign of degraded biological health and future problems, these are also common indicators of a system simply undergoing early succession. As the constructed wetland matures, its plant biodiversity may actually decrease, but its integrity, as measured by exotic and invasive species abundance as well as heterogeneity, is expected to increase, so long as invasive species present in the constructed wetland remain controlled through weeding during the first few growing seasons.

  19. Research on constructing semantic model of emergency decision-making plan for civil aviation%民航应急决策方案语义模型构建方法的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周文涛; 王红; 王静; 朱悦莉; 潘振杰

    2013-01-01

    为解决民航应对突发事件时无法快速生成应急决策方案的问题,采用语义业务流程管理(SBPM)的思想,运用语义标注的方法,给出了民航应急救援过程的结构约束定义方法和语义模型的建立过程,实现了民航应急救援业务流程的语义化.该模型在有效规范应急救援行为、协调组织救援单位关系的同时,为应急救援方案的自动生成提供了方法支撑.%In order to solve the problem that the existed rescuing system of civil aviation cannot generate a reasonable emergency decision-making plan according to the specific kind of emergency, to which this paper applied the idea of semantic business process management (SBPM) , presenting the method of how to construct the structural rules of emergency rescue process for civil aviation and the process of semantic model building, and realized the semantization of business process for civil aviation by means of semantic annotation, which not only normalize the rescuing actions, coordinate the relationship among rescuing units, but offer decision-making plan auto-generation a methodological support.

  20. Analysis and Potential Application of the Maturity of Growth Management in the Developing Construction Industry of a Province of China: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingxiao Zhang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Construction industry is one of the major drivers of the economic sustainability of China’s provinces. An investigation of the status of the construction industry in China is needed to find out its maturity and health. The results of this investigation may help China define the impact factors required in order to promote the growth level of its construction industry. This research assesses the growth level of the construction industry in Shaanxi Province, China. This study utilizes both the original average score method and the newer entropy method to analyze the growth level of the construction industry based on its growth management model and growth drivers. An empirical survey of this research includes 123 construction companies in Shaanxi Province. The results show that the entropy method is better than the average score method to use when analyzing the maturity status of a local industry for future development. The maturity level of Shaanxi’s construction industry lies on the second tier in a four-tier ranking system. The advanced professional skills of project management are critically needed for future growth. Brand building is the most important factor needed to drive up Shaanxi’s construction industry. Standardization, knowledge management through lessons learned, and cost management for budget control by using information systems are required for Shaanxi’s construction project management. The Excellent Project Management Model of China is often used in Chinese project knowledge management. After maturity analysis, China’s local industries would be able to develop a sustainable strategy for optimizing their outcomes by removing the hurdles preventing future growth.

  1. Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernstein, Lenny; Roy, Joyashree; Delhotal, K. Casey; Harnisch, Jochen; Matsuhashi, Ryuji; Price, Lynn; Tanaka, Kanako; Worrell, Ernst; Yamba, Francis; Fengqi, Zhou; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Gielen, Dolf; Joosen, Suzanne; Konar, Manaswita; Matysek, Anna; Miner, Reid; Okazaki, Teruo; Sanders, Johan; Sheinbaum Parado, Claudia

    2007-12-01

    This chapter addresses past, ongoing, and short (to 2010) and medium-term (to 2030) future actions that can be taken to mitigate GHG emissions from the manufacturing and process industries. Globally, and in most countries, CO{sub 2} accounts for more than 90% of CO{sub 2}-eq GHG emissions from the industrial sector (Price et al., 2006; US EPA, 2006b). These CO{sub 2} emissions arise from three sources: (1) the use of fossil fuels for energy, either directly by industry for heat and power generation or indirectly in the generation of purchased electricity and steam; (2) non-energy uses of fossil fuels in chemical processing and metal smelting; and (3) non-fossil fuel sources, for example cement and lime manufacture. Industrial processes also emit other GHGs, e.g.: (1) Nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) is emitted as a byproduct of adipic acid, nitric acid and caprolactam production; (2) HFC-23 is emitted as a byproduct of HCFC-22 production, a refrigerant, and also used in fluoroplastics manufacture; (3) Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are emitted as byproducts of aluminium smelting and in semiconductor manufacture; (4) Sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) is emitted in the manufacture, use and, decommissioning of gas insulated electrical switchgear, during the production of flat screen panels and semiconductors, from magnesium die casting and other industrial applications; (5) Methane (CH{sub 4}) is emitted as a byproduct of some chemical processes; and (6) CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O can be emitted by food industry waste streams. Many GHG emission mitigation options have been developed for the industrial sector. They fall into three categories: operating procedures, sector-wide technologies and process-specific technologies. A sampling of these options is discussed in Sections 7.2-7.4. The short- and medium-term potential for and cost of all classes of options are discussed in Section 7.5, barriers to the application of these options are addressed in Section 7.6 and the implication of

  2. Distributed Virtual Workspace for Enhancing Communication within the Construction Industry - DIVERCITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sarshar, M.; Christiansson, Per Lennart; Svidt, Kjeld

    should read this? This handbook has been written specifically for construction project leaders and business managers. What can DIVERCITY achieve? n Improved communications with the client; n Design of better facilities; n Improved collaboration and communication across the supply chain....

  3. The Role of E-Procurement in the Austrian Construction Industry: Adoption Rate, Benefits and Barriers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zunk, Bernd; Marchner, Martin; Uitz, Iris; Lerch, Carina; Schiele, Holger

    2014-01-01

    The progressive developments force suppliers on efficiency-driven construction markets to reorganize their internal organization. Especially the complex and not standardized procurement process holds high cost reduction potential. To exploit this potential, suppliers need to understand the purchasin

  4. Identifying the most critical project complexity factors using Delphi method: the Iranian construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Mehdi Mozaffari

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Complexity is one of the most important issues influencing success of any construction project and there are literally different studies devoted to detect important factors increasing complexity of projects. During the past few years, there have been growing interests in developing mass construction projects in Iran. The proposed study of this paper uses Delphi technique to find out about important factors as barriers of construction projects in Iran. The results show that among 47 project complexity factors, 19 factors are more important than others are. The study groups different factors into seven categories including environmental, organizational, objectives, tasks, stakeholders, technological, information systems and determines the relative importance of each. In each group, many other sub group activities are determined and they are carefully investigated. The study provides some detailed suggestions on each category to reduce the complexity of construction project.

  5. From the Boom to the Collapse: a Technical Efficiency Analysis of the Spanish Construction Industry during the Financial Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xosé Luís Fernández-López

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Despite its contribution to the Spanish economy, as far as the authors are aware, the technical efficiency of the Spanish construction industry has neither been measured nor have the factors influencing it been analyzed. This paper measures the technical efficiency of the Spanish construction sector before and during the current financial crisis and investigates the degree to which factors influencing efficiency levels in this sector have changed. Stochastic frontier analysis (SFA methods are applied to firm-level data (692 constructions firms over the period 1996-2011. The results show that the average Technical Efficiency of the sector is 0.85. Results also indicate that variables affecting Technical Efficiency in the construction sector must be analyzed depending on real state cycle. Based on the findings, policy recommendations to improve the sector efficiency were developed. Important factors affecting efficiency change have been identified, and some managerial recommendations to increase the sector efficiency have been developed. The main recommendations for construction companies include: (1 cooperation and company mergers have a positive impact on companies’ efficiency; (2 accumulation of excessive financial burden damages the business long-term stability; and (3 business strategy should be tailored to economic prospects. Paper Type: Viewpoint

  6. Research Framework of Civil Aviation Transportation Education Industry Chain Based on Combining Learning with Working%基于工学结合的民航运输教育产业链研究框架

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李兆磊; 路荣; 许越男

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to combine the theory and practice of the combining learning with working research at home and abroad, based on the present situation about the school梕nterprise cooperation, development needs and existent problem in professional education of civil aviation transportation, the research framework of civil aviation transportation education industry chain is put forward which based on the combination of learning and working. The goal of the paper is to seek for a breakthrough, explore the interests appeal point of both school and enterprise, and establish a benign, stable, sustainable education industry chain, in order to realize the harmonious development with the social, aviation school, aerospace enterprise and civil aviation student.%结合国内外对于工学结合的理论和实践研究成果,基于目前存在于民航运输专业职业教育中校企合作现状、发展需求和存在的问题,提出了基于工学结合的民航运输教育产业链研究框架,目标在于寻求突破口,探寻校企双方的利益诉求点,建立一种良性的、稳定的、可持续的教育产业链,以实现社会、航空学校、涉航企业、民航学生各方的共同良性和谐发展.

  7. The Construction of Discipline System and Building of Leading Discipline in Civil Servants Training Institutions%公务员培训院校学科体系建设与优势学科打造

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘恩东

    2015-01-01

    学科体系建设对于创建有特色、高水平的公务员培训院校具有重要支撑作用,加强学科体系建设是推进公务员教育培训事业发展的现实要求和内在动力。公务员培训院校学科体系建设主要体现出基础性、战略性、综合性、累积性和动态性等特征,从围绕中心明确优势学科建设重点与方向、着力强化科研咨询对学科建设的助推支撑作用、优化支持学科发展的人才队伍建设、构建有利于优势学科建设的保障机制、开发利用国际国内两种资源和发挥学科文化作用等层面,能够不断提高学科体系建设的科学化、规范化和制度化水平。%The construction of discipline system plays an important supportive role in creating a distinctive, high level of civil servants training institutions. Strengthening the construction of discipline system is the reality demands and intrinsic motivation of civil servants training career. The construction of discipline system in Civil servant train-ing institution mainly feature in basic, strategic, comprehensive, cumulative and dynamic characteristics. To constantly promote the scientific, systematic and standardized con-struction of the discipline system, it is suggested to focus on the central task to identify the priorities and trends of leading disciplines, strengthen scientific research and con-sulting work to support and further develop the discipline construction, build a mecha-nism to guarantee the positive development of discipline construction, utilize the domes-tic and international resource, and make full use of the influence of discipline cultures.

  8. Beyond knowledge transfer: The social construction of autonomous academic science in university-industry agricultural biotechnology research collaborations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biscotti, Dina Louise

    Autonomy is a social product. Although some might view autonomy as the absence of social interference in individual action, it is in fact produced through social institutions. It enables social actors to act; it is the justification for the allocation of enormous public resources into institutions classified as "public" or "nonprofit;" it can lead to innovation; and, significantly, it is key to the public acceptance of new technologies. In this dissertation, I analyze the social construction of autonomy for academic science in U.S. university-industry agricultural biotechnology research collaborations. University-industry relationships (UIRs) are a site of concern about the influence of commercial interests on academic science. Agricultural biotechnology is a contentious technology that has prompted questions about the ecological and public health implications of genetically-modified plants and animals. It has also spurred awareness of the industrialization of agriculture and accelerating corporate control of the global food system. Through analysis of in-depth interviews with over 200 scientists and administrators from nine U.S. research universities and thirty agricultural biotechnology companies, I find that both the academy and industry have a vested interest in the social construction of the academy as an autonomous space from which claims to objective, disinterested scientific knowledge can be made. These claims influence government regulation, as well as grower and public acceptance of agricultural biotechnology products. I argue that the social production of autonomy for academic science can be observed in narratives and practices related to: (1) the framing of when, how and why academic scientists collaborate with industry, (2) the meanings ascribed to and the uses deemed appropriate for industry monies in academic research, and (3) the dissemination of research results into the public domain through publications and patents. These narratives and practices

  9. Discussion on Fluorine Chemical Industry 4.0 Construction%氟化工的工业4.0之路浅议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王水耀; 方国洪

    2015-01-01

    The basic meaning and essence of industry 4.0 were introduced. Characteristics of fluorine chemical industry and informationization construction of enterprises was analyzed. The industry 4.0 for fluo-rine chemical industry construction was discussed.%介绍了工业4.0的基本内涵和实质,剖析了氟化工企业的行业特点和信息化建设水平,论述了适合氟化工行业发展的工业4.0建设思路。

  10. The Construction of Civil Servant Rotation System for Non-leadership Positions%非领导职务公务员轮岗机制构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周清露

    2015-01-01

    轮岗机制包括领导职务的公务员轮岗和非领导职务公务员轮岗。当前,我国政府机关进行非领导职务公务员轮岗是必要的,也是可行的。非领导职务公务员轮岗机制的主要内容有轮岗原则设定、制度安排、政策设计和运行实践等。只有建立健全非领导职务公务员轮岗机制,才能增强机关工作的协同性和整体性,助推问题解决和效率提高的改革,培养复合型人才,激发队伍活力以及促进廉政建设。%Civil servant rotation system includes leadership positions rotation and non-leadership positions rotation in the civil service system. At present, non-leadership positions rotation in our government agencies is necessary and feasible. Non-leadership positions rotation system in the civil service mainly consists of rotation policy settings, institutional arrangements, policy designing and operational practices. Only by establishing and improving non-leadership positions rotation system in the civil service, can the cooperativity and integrity of government agencies work be enhanced, reforms of problem solving and efficiency improvement be boosted. Besides, such a system is also helpful in cultivating compound talents, stimulating the vitality of team members and promoting the building of a clean government.

  11. 社会主义新农村乡风文明建设探索%On the Construction of Socialism New Countryside Local Custom Civilization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘卫琴

    2012-01-01

    Rural custom civilization is the development of a new socialist countryside in the context of rural spiritual civilization. The main body is the farmers; object is characteristic of the times advanced the whole of moral philosophy, a good mental outlook, higher literacy, healthy lifestyle civilization must adhere to the socialist core value system of value - oriented and behavior tant part of building a new socialist countryside. Rural put the truth, persist in taking economic development of farmers. village culture, including and so on. Rural custom guidelines, it is an impor- custom civilization must be based on rural as the backing to achieve a good safeguard realities, the vital we must interests%乡风文明建设是社会主义新农村发展背景下的农村精神文明建设,其主体是农民,客体是体现时代特征的先进村庄文化,内容包括正确的道德观念、良好的精神面貌、较高的文化素养、健康的生活风尚等。乡风文明建设必须坚持以社会主义核心价值体系为价值导向和行为指南。乡风文明是建设社会主义新农村的重要内容和有效途径。乡风文明建设必须立足于农村实际,真情投入,坚持以经济发展为后盾、切实维护农民的利益。

  12. 军民融合产业集群竞争力评估及实证研究%Competitiveness Assessment and Empirical Research on Military-civil Integration of Industrial Cluster

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔玉婷; 曾立; 谭林

    2012-01-01

    Assessment the competitiveness on military-civil integration of industrial clusters has an important role on choosing rational cluster policies, warning and avoiding the cluster risk and governing cluster. The thesis builds competitiveness evaluation index system of military-civil integration of industrial clusters and makes use of groundings-enterprises-markets-surroundings(GEMS) model to give empirical study on the competitiveness of dual-use specialty materials industry cluster in Hunan Province. Results show that GEMS score of this industry cluster is 423. 506 points, with a strong competitive cluster force, but exist certain cluster rick in the "market" factors.%评估军民融合产业集群的竞争力对合理选择产业集群政策,预警和规避集群风险,为武器装备研制生产提供产业和技术支撑具有重要作用.构建军民融合产业集群竞争力评价指标体系,运用GEMS(groundings-enterprises-marketssurroundings)模型首次对湖南省军民两用特种材料产业集群的竞争力进行实证研究.结果表明该产业集群的GEMS得分为423.506分,具有较强的集群竞争力,但在“市场”因素对上存在一定集群风险.

  13. Geometric procedures for civil engineers

    CERN Document Server

    Tonias, Elias C

    2016-01-01

    This book provides a multitude of geometric constructions usually encountered in civil engineering and surveying practice.  A detailed geometric solution is provided to each construction as well as a step-by-step set of programming instructions for incorporation into a computing system. The volume is comprised of 12 chapters and appendices that may be grouped in three major parts: the first is intended for those who love geometry for its own sake and its evolution through the ages, in general, and, more specifically, with the introduction of the computer. The second section addresses geometric features used in the book and provides support procedures used by the constructions presented. The remaining chapters and the appendices contain the various constructions. The volume is ideal for engineering practitioners in civil and construction engineering and allied areas.

  14. Responsabilidade civil

    OpenAIRE

    Dalanhol, André

    2002-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro Tecnológico. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia de Produção. 1. INTRODUÇÃO - aborda o tema Responsabilidade Civil - Reparação do Dano Moral Ambiental, de forma sucinta, justificando sua aplicabilidade no direito brasileiro, discorrendo acerca de cada etapa do trabalho; 2. MEIO AMBIENTE - CONCEITO - proposta de um conceito mais amplo de meio ambiente, que melhor se coadune com a realidade atual, uma vez que os con...

  15. The Construction of Intensive and Organized Agricultural Industrialization Model with Farmers as the Main Body

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The current agricultural conflicts of China are analyzed and the forms and drawbacks of current agricultural industrial structure are listed.The situations for intensifying the farmland with appropriate scale are analyzed from the aspects of policy,farmers,farms and modernization of agriculture.It is pointed out that the situations for the intensive use of land are becoming mature.Taking the single pig-breeding chain as an example,the agricultural industrialization model,which takes farmers as the main body,is expounded.Besides,its functions and significance in solving "the three agriculture problems" and facilitating the modernization of agriculture are discussed.

  16. Into tomorrow : Constructing scenarios for the record industry in the 21-century

    OpenAIRE

    Ageberg, Erik Gustaf

    2009-01-01

    Purpose/Aim: The aim of this paper is to, through scenario planning methodology, present recommendations in order for record companies to be competitive in the near future. In order to achieve this goal three question where asked. (1) What are the most central problems of the record industry? (2) How can these problems affect the future in the industry? (3) In what way can record companies’ work to avoid these problems? The paper focuses on the Swedish market partly because of the given timef...

  17. Green public procurement – legal base and instruments supporting sustainable development in the construction industry in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozik Renata

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the respect of value, public procurement in the construction industry belongs to one of the largest ones in the domestic market. Therefore, green procurement for construction works should become the center of attention of public authorities in a broad sense, due to its scale and importance for the sustainable development. The authorities and contracting entities who spend public money should have the opportunity to apply such legal articles and instruments that allow them to both optimize public expenditures and consider the environmental factor, such as decreasing carbon emission. To make the idea of sustainable development a reality as European Union’s the most vital aim, EU law is implemented in Poland. Local authorities’ duty is to appropriately shape their policies and use the vital instrument of sustainable development, namely green public procurement. This paper presents a comparative analysis of legal regulations to illustrate the actual Polish and EU laws concerning the construction industry. Even though the generally applicable law allows to implement the idea of sustainable development efficiently, local self-government units in their regional policies do not report any need for specific solutions, or they do so only occasionally.

  18. 加快智能工厂进程,促进生态文明建设%Accelerate the process of smart plant, promote ecological civilization construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李德芳; 索寒生

    2014-01-01

    中国石化通过实施资源战略、市场战略、一体化战略、国际化战略、差异化战略与绿色低碳战略,提出了用信息化支撑传统产业升级转型、绿色低碳与节能减排、推进智能工厂建设的战略目标。重点从建设思路、主要工作进展与应用成效三方面阐述了智能工厂对中国石化应用信息技术改造石油石化传统生产工艺、提高资源利用率、实现安全生产与清洁生产等方面的重要影响。最后,结合中国石化信息化的发展愿景与发展目标,给出了智能工厂的总体框架与行动蓝图。%By implementing resource strategy, market strategy, integration strategy, internationalization strategy, differentiation strategy and low-carbon strategy, strategic objective as using information technology was proposed to support the transformation from traditional industry, to promote environmentally friend, low-carbon develop, energy conservation and emissions reduction, and finally to establish smart plant. The important influences lead consequently was elaborated by smart plant in production engineering conversion, resources utilization, safe production and environmentally friend production. These achievements would mainly be done by using information technology and discussed from three aspects: construction method, main progress and expected achievements. In the end, taking SINOPEC’s informatization vision and destination into account, the smart plant overall framework and blueprint were concluded.

  19. Establishment and Evaluation of the Vegetative Community in A Surface Flow Constructed Wetland Treating Industrial Park Contaminants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. C. Galbrand

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A surface flow constructed wetland, designed to curve in a kidney shape in order to increase the length to width ratio to 5:1 was used to treat runoff from an industrial park. A natural wetland system located approximately 200 m downstream of the constructed wetland was selected to act as the vegetative community model for the constructed wetland. The selected model was a riparian, open water marsh dominated by emergent macrophytes. Baseline plant species surveying was conducted. In total, 21 emergent wetland plant species, 40 upland vascular plant species, 17 upland shrub species and 13 upland tree species were identified in the model site. The species from the model site were screened for suitability in the constructed wetland based on the following criteria: (a phytoremediation potential (especially metal uptake, (b sedimentation and erosion control, (c habitat function, (d public deterrent potential and (e rate of plant establishment, tolerances and maintenance requirements. Transplantation was chosen as the main vegetation establishment methodology in the constructed wetland. The species woolgrass (Scirpus cyperinus and soft rush (Juncus effusus were chosen to dominate the interior berms and littoral edges of the constructed wetland cells. The buffer areas were dominated by meadowsweet (Spiraea alba var. latifolia and the open water areas were dominated by cowlily (Nuphar variegate and pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata species. A diverse, self-sustaining vegetative community was successfully established in the constructed wetland. The transplant success was gauged by mortality census in the spring of 2003. Over all, 138 dead transplants were observed, many of which had died as a direct result of washout. These computes to an overall site establish success rate of about 87.3%. The species, which suffered the highest mortality rates, were the pickerelweed, with approximately 50 dead plants, the meadowsweet with 32 observed dead plants and

  20. Efficiency Evaluation of Construction of Steam-Turbine Power Plants at Industrial Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. L. Starzhinsky

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available It is shown that application of own power stations at an industrial enterprise is considered as an expedient one if there is an availability of thermal power sources because value of an optimization criterion exceeds corresponding optimization criterion by 2.1-4.6 fold when an enterprise is supplied with power only from power system networks.

  1. The Perception of Women Engineers in the Construction Industry in Palestine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enshassi, A.; Ihsen, S.; Al Hallaq, K.

    2008-01-01

    The industrial and occupational distribution of women is such that women are concentrated predominately in a few occupations, mostly in the service sector, such as banking, finance, insurance, public administration, hotel, and catering. Men and women are equal in their capabilities in almost every respect, provided that women are given the same…

  2. Improving supply chain management in construction: what can be learned from the aerospace industry?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voordijk, H.; Vrijhoef, R.; Greenwood, D.J.

    2003-01-01

    In order to provide for controllable delivery, reliable lead times and efficient customer response, lean manufacturing and platform assembly practices play an important role in supply chains in the aerospace industry. The adoption of lean manufacturing practices ensures an efficient delivery of prod

  3. The Overlap between Emotional Intelligence and Post-Industrial Leadership Capacity: A Construct Validity Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosch, David M.; Joseph, Dana L.; Newman, Daniel A.

    2011-01-01

    A sample of 276 students enrolled in campus leadership programs completed the Emotional Competence Inventory-University Edition (ECI-U) and the Socially Responsible Leadership Scale (SRLS) as a means to determine the relatedness in college students of emotional intelligence (EI) to the practice of post-industrial leadership skills. Confirmatory…

  4. Hualu Aluminum Will Construct Large Coal-Power-Aluminum Aluminum Processing Industrial Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    The reporter learned from relevant departments of Baiyin City that in order to further push forward industrial upgrading,fulfill expansion and consolidation of the enterprise,Gansu Hualu Aluminum Co.,Ltd(Hualu Aluminum)will implement Out-Of-City-Into-Park project,

  5. A religião civil americana na construção de Superman e dos super-heróis = The american civil religion in the Superman and super heroes construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flor, Ricardo Bruno

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo visa verificar e explicar a influência da religião civil americana, como entendida por Catroga e Bellah, sobre o processo que originou os super-heróis, mais especificamente o personagem Superman; focando-se em como a crença na frontier (enquanto articulação da crença no manifest destiny ajudou a construir as características excepcionais do personagem marcando os super-heróis a partir dele. São abordados, tanto na literatura americana como em suas histórias em quadrinhos (tirinhas e revistas, os gêneros western, policial-detetivesco e aventura (aventura espacial, selvagem e outras variações, bem como os peculiares personagens pré-super-heroicos e as primeiras histórias do próprio Superman. O objetivo é mostrar como as características dos super-heróis e do próprio Superman foram inseridas e mantidas nesses gêneros ficcionais pela influência da crença na frontier, explicando a origem do personagem (e dos super-heróis como uma construção gradual

  6. Dynamic Calculation Technology of Construction Project Based on Autodesk Civil 3d%基于Autodesk Civil 3d的土建项目工程量“动态”计算技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘云峰

    2012-01-01

    计算工程量是土木工程建设中的重要内容,贯穿于项目的可行性研究、工程概预算、招投标、工程实施全过程,工程量计算的是否准确关乎到项目整体造价规模.而利用现代BIM(Building Information Modeling)技术缩短计算时间、提高计算精度已经成为工程人员关注的热点.通过介绍Civil 3d几种土方量计算方法实例,展示其计算快速、结果-要素“动态”关联的应用特性,为从业人员提高土方计算效率、实现工程方案快速比选拓展思路.

  7. Comparisons of VET Systems and Collective Agreements for the Labour Rights in the Construction Industry:The Netherlands and Turkey/

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sedef Özçelik

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available ‘Working’ is regarded as a humanitarian effort; requiring respect due to ‘labour is not a commodity’ principle. Organizations such as ILO have been established to set standards for labour. Despite there are different applications, the system consists of employee unions and employer associations and social partners in Europe. The EU monitors member states where applications differ due to economic, politic and industrial backgrounds. In the industrial relations, VET Systems are crucial. Learning is stil either craft or training-based linked to employment policies, cultures and economic profiles. The construction industry urges for collective agreements due to its labour nature; since the industry demands for variety of professions within organizational chains. The mobility requiring security, temporary building process coping with deadlines, climate, dangerous labour in addition to specific demands for particular skills and unique production chains require special regulations. Therefore, bargaining leads to labour rights and workers’ training to achieve more qualified products or safety reasons; as well as a tool to increase economical activity and revise industry’s image. The Netherlands and Turkey are compared to analyse industry’s prosperity in EU.

  8. CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIALIZATION AND GREEN MODULE BUILDING%建筑工业化及绿色模块建筑

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈敖宜; 张肇毅; 王卉; 杨志艳; 张嘉骐

    2014-01-01

    The paper explained industrialization of residential buildings and some problems , and also analysed the industrialized , assembled and the the seismic performance characteristics etc , of modularization buildings and it was pointed out that modular buildings could be used as one of important strategic measures to improve technical level of construction in China .%阐述当前住宅建设产业化现状和存在的若干问题,分析模块化建筑在工业化、装配化以及抗震性能等方面的特点,提出了模块化建筑可作为提高我国建筑技术水平的重要战略措施之一。

  9. Construction of First GSP Gasification Unit Was Kicked off at Shenhua Ningxia Coal Industry (Group)Co.,Ltd.in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ The construction of the core unit for the coal-based olefin project-the GSP gasification unit,the investment in which totals 20 billion RMB,has been kicked off at Shenhua Ningxia Coal Industry (Group) Co.,Ltd.,in Ningxia,China.It is told that this is the first gasification unit that adopts the GSP gasification technology in China.The GSP gasification unit adopts the Siemens technology,the basic design of which is implemented by the Uhde Engineering Company and the detailed design and procurement service of which will be performed by the No.2 Design Institute of Chemical Industry under the China National Chemical Engineering Group Corporation.

  10. Process and building information modelling in the construction industry by using information delivery manuals and model view definitions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlshøj, Jan

    2012-01-01

    The construction industry is gradually increasing its use of structured information and building information modelling.To date, the industry has suffered from the disadvantages of a project-based organizational structure and ad hoc solutions. Furthermore, it is not used to formalizing the flow...... of information and specifying exactly which objects and properties are needed for each process and which information is produced by the processes. The present study is based on reviewing the existing methodology of Information Delivery Manuals (IDM) from Buildingsmart, which also is also an ISO standard 29481...... Part 1; and the Model View Definition (MVD) methodology developed by Buildingsmart and BLIS. The research also includes a review of concrete IDM development projects that have been developed over the last five years. Although the study has identified interest in the IDM methodology in a number...

  11. On Ethical Cognition and Practical Approaches on the Construction of Ecological Civilization%生态文明建设的伦理认知和实践路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁峥

    2016-01-01

    In integrated construction of ecological civilization,the cognition of values for ecological ethics has to be reinforced in the analysis and resolution of the problems related to the domain through a constructive approach with the cooperation between government,citizens and businesses. This will exhibit human beingˊs moral rationality toward ecologic environment in the harmonious symbiosis between human and nature.%全面推进生态文明建设,必须强化对生态伦理的价值认知,分析解决生态文明建设中的生态伦理问题,建构政府、公民和企业相互协同的生态文明建设路径,实现人与自然的和谐共生,彰显人之于生态环境的道德理性。

  12. 环境伦理视角下的新型城镇化的生态文明建设%On the Ecological Civilization Construction of New Ur-banization from the Perspective of Environmental Ethics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘婷

    2015-01-01

    我国经济的飞速发展,加速了城镇化的进程,然而在城镇化的进程中生态环境不断恶化。本文从环境伦理的角度对传统城镇化进程影响生态环境的弊端进行了分析,并指出了新型城镇化的生态文明建设措施以及重大意义,从环境伦理的视角对新型城镇化的生态文明建设进行分析。%The rapid development of China's economy has accel-erated the progress of urbanization, but ecological environment is worsening in the process of urbanization. This paper analyzes the negative influences of traditional urbanization on ecological envi-ronment from the perspective of environmental ethics, points out the measures of ecological civilization construction and the great significance in new urbanization, and analyzes ecological civi-lization construction of new urbanization from the perspective of environmental ethics.

  13. The relationship between macroeconomic and industry-specific business cycle indicators and workrelated injuries among Danish construction workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kent Jacob; Lander, F.; Lauritsen, J. M.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives The current study examines and compares the relationship between both macroeconomic and industry-specific business cycle indicators, and work-related injuries among construction workers in Denmark using emergency department (ED) injury data and also officially reported injuries...... to the Danish Working Environment Authority (WEA). Methods The correlations between ED and WEA injury data from the catchment area of Odense University Hospital during the period 1984–2010 were tested separately for variability and trend with two general macroeconomic indicators (gross domestic product...

  14. [Variation of the judgment of the fitness to specific work in a cohort study in construction industry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riva, M M; Pavesi, G; Papageorgiou, C; Mosconi, G

    2005-01-01

    This work shows the results of a study about variation of the judgement of the fitness to specific work in the construction industry in a year. In the 8.6% of the cases, after a year from the previous examination, it was necessary to express new limitations to the job activity mainly because of the presence of illness of the musculoskeletal or cardiovascular system. Considering only workers aged over 35 years, the percentage of variation after a year grows to 12.3%.

  15. Application of vertical flow constructed wetland in treatment of heavy metals from pulp and paper industry wastewater.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arivoli, A; Mohanraj, R; Seenivasan, R

    2015-09-01

    The paper production is material intensive and generates enormous quantity of wastewater containing organic pollutants and heavy metals. Present study demonstrates the feasibility of constructed wetlands (CWs) to treat the heavy metals from pulp and paper industry effluent by using vertical flow constructed wetlands planted with commonly available macrophytes such as Typha angustifolia, Erianthus arundinaceus, and Phragmites australis. Results indicate that the removal efficiencies of the planted CWs for iron, copper, manganese, zinc, nickel, and cadmium were 74, 80, 60, 70, 71, and 70 %, respectively. On the other hand, the removal efficiency of the unplanted system was significantly lower ranging between 31 and 55 %. Among the macrophytes, T. angustifolia and E. arundinaceus exhibited comparatively higher bioconcentration factor (10(2) to 10(3)) than P. australis.

  16. Construction of an Americn mink Bacterial Artificial Chromosome (BAC) library and sequencing candidate genes important for the fur industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anistoroaei, Razvan Marian; Hallers, Boudewijn ten; Nefedov, Michael

    2011-01-01

    consisting of 18,432 clones spotted in duplicate, have been produced for hybridization screening and are publicly available. Overgo probes derived from expressed sequence tags (ESTs), representing 21 candidate genes for traits important for the mink industry, were used to screen the BAC library......BACKGROUND: Bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) libraries continue to be invaluable tools for the genomic analysis of complex organisms. Complemented by the newly and fast growing deep sequencing technologies, they provide an excellent source of information in genomics projects. RESULTS: Here, we...... report the construction and characterization of the CHORI-231 BAC library constructed from a Danish-farmed, male American mink (Neovison vison). The library contains approximately 165,888 clones with an average insert size of 170 kb, representing approximately 10-fold coverage. High-density filters, each...

  17. Simulation of the Mechanism between Construction Industry and Building Materials Industry and Its Influence Degree%建筑业与建材业发展的互动机理及效应仿真研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁神军; 张云波; 丁烈云

    2011-01-01

    采用系统动力学原理和方法,从投人与产出角度提出了建筑业与建材业发展的动力机制和动力模型.根据我国1992年至2005年建筑业、建材业及宏观经济发展的数据,模拟和预测了我国建筑业、建材业发展现状及发展趋势;改变建筑业投资,模拟并预测其对建筑业、建材业的影响效应.设定金融危机对建筑业和建材业的影响参数,模拟并预测其对建筑业和建材业的影响程度;在此基础上,设定建筑业增加3万多亿投资的参数,模拟金融危机情形下增加建筑业投资对建筑业和建材业的拉动效应.研究结果表明,建筑业与建材业发展互动影响效应明显;在金融危机的情形下,对建筑业增加投资,能有效促进建筑业及建材业等关联产业的持续增长,促进GDP的持续上涨.%On the basal idea of Input-Output mode, the interior mechanism and dynamical model between construction industry and building materials industry was proposed with System Dynamics. Collecting and analyzing the history data of construction industry, building materials industry and macro-economy, the current situation and tendency of construction industry and building materials industry were monitored with the dynamical model. Computing the parameters of the dynamical model on the situation of Financial Crisis 2008,the influence degree of construction industry and building materials industry was analyzed. The pulling effect of construction industry and building materials industry by the countermeasure of increasing 3 trillion of investment plans was also investigated. The research results indicate that the interior mechanism between construction industry and building materials industry is very obvious, and increasing investment plans is an effective method to expand domestic demand to promote economic growth of construction industry, building materials industry, even other related industries.

  18. Building Essential Skills for the Ohio Building and Construction Industry. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pritz, Sandra G.; And Others

    The Center on Education and Training for Employment (CETE) at the Ohio State University worked in partnership with the Ohio State Building and Construction Trades Council (OSB&CT) to develop and deliver customized workplace literacy services for local union members in six major Ohio cities (Columbus, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Toledo, Dayton, and…

  19. 促进公民社会成长推动法治中国建设%The Study of Promoting the Growth of Civil Society and China Law Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴恒波; 岳翠云

    2015-01-01

    “法治中国”已成为当下我国法治建设的宏大目标,然而,法治中国建设却需植根于一定的经济、政治、文化基础之上,也受制于社会环境等复杂外部因素。而从相互联系、相互作用的方式来看,良好的社会结构对法治中国建设的作用更为密切。综观世界法治发展史,法治状态的形成正是伴随着公民社会的逐步产生、成长而发展起来的。法治是人类文明进步的共同成果,推进法治中国建设,同样离不开公民社会的培育与成长。%“Legal China” has become the goal of rule of law in our country, however, the rule of law is rooted in China’s construction must be based on economy, politics, culture and is also subject to complex external factors such as social environment. And from the perspective of the way of interrelated interaction good social structure on the rule of law construction in China is more closely related. Therefore, on the analysis of the construction of rule and law in the new period of China’s civil society theory basis, the author tentatively proposes the traditional social structure to the path of modern social structure transformation, hopes to promote the growth of civil society and accelerates the process of the rule of law in China construction.

  20. Construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    Harbor Deepening Project, Jacksonville, FL Palm Valley Bridge Project, Jacksonville, FL Rotary Club of San Juan, San Juan, PR Tren Urbano Subway...David. What is nanotechnology? What are its implications for construction?, Foresight/CRISP Workshop on Nanotechnology, Royal Society of Arts

  1. Characterization of the natural radioactivity of materials used in civil construction or the Curitiba, Parana state, Brazil, metropolitan region; Caracterizacao da radioatividade natural de materiais utilizados na construcao civil da regiao metropolitana de Curitiba

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perna, Allan F.N.; Martins, Patricia; Paschuk, Sergei A.; Correa, Janine N.; Claro, Flavia Del, E-mail: sergei@utfpr.edu.br [Universidade Tecnologica Federal do Parana (UTFPR), Curitiba, PR (Brazil); Rocha, Zildete; Santos, Talita O., E-mail: rochaz@cdtn.br [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    This paper performs an analysis of the natural radioactivity of construction materials (mainly the {sup 222}Rn) which are present in human environment. The main objective of the study is to characterize different building materials which come from the metropolitan region of the Curitiba related to the exhalation of {sup 222}Rn. The applied methodology analyse the samples of ceramic brick, plaster mortar, and fine lime from the concentration measurements of radon using CR-39 type detectors, and gamma spectrometry analysis

  2. Industrial fuel gas demonstration plant program. Construction permit. Compliance plan. (Deliverable No. 31)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-01-01

    The objective of this compliance plan is to insure that all required permits are filed and obtained prior to the start of construction of the U-gas demonstration plant. This plan addresses the permits in the following areas: construction, electrical, mechanical, plumbing, federal aviation lighting, and as-required permits. Each permit area is introduced by a brief summary of the permits required and the significant circumstances and/or conditions affecting permit acquisition. Each permit is then discussed in detail according to a format which includes the following: brief introduction of permit, responsible regulator agency, other potential reviewing agency(s), information needed for permit, filing procedures, normal review period, permit duration period, and permit fees. Copies of the actual application forms, guidelines for completing the applications, statements on required information and agency contacts are contained in the Appendices.

  3. Work injury trends during the last three decades in the construction industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lander, Flemming; Nielsen, Kent Jacob; Lauritsen, Jens

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: The aim was to analyze injury trends according to age, severity, work activity and business cycle in the construction sector. Methods: From 1980 to 2010 a total of 23.464 work related injuries were treated at the emergency department at Odense University Hospital. The annual incidences...... were calculated. Employment levels in the construction sector were used as an indicator of fluctuations in the business cycle since 1980. Results: Through the last three decades the overall trend of work-related injuries was unchanged. For some subgroups of injuries, such as major injuries and injuries...... due to young workers use of small powered tools significant downward trends were seen, but trends within different age groups of workers were unchanged and young workers have at least twice the risk compared to older workers. The fluctuations in work injury trends among workers under 30 years of age...

  4. Thought of"Greening" and the Construction of Ecological Civilization in China%中国"绿色化"思想与生态文明建设思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王世民; 陈敏

    2015-01-01

    On March 24th, 2015, the word ″Greening″appeared in the documents of the Central Committee of the Party for the first time ,which marked the start of a new sailing of green governing philosophy of ecological civiliza -tion in China .The idea of constructing ″Greening″with Chinese characteristics is the political choice of ecological governance in China and the necessity of the construction of ecological civilization .Faced with a variety of Western political ideas and clash of views ,the Chinese ecological civilization road must be guided by the ″Greening″thought with Chinese characteristics , pay attention to the complementation and integration of the Chinese and Western ″Greening″thoughts ,and take the ″Greening″thought into the basic dimension of the global ″ecological destiny com-munity″.The construction of ″Greening″thought in China can show the perfect ecological civilization idea for the construction of ″beautiful China″.%2015年3月24日,首次出现在党中央文件中的"绿色化"一词,标志着中国生态文明的绿色治国理念的再起航. 构建中国特色的"绿色化"思想是中国生态治理的政治选择,也是生态文明建设的必然要求. 面对西方各种各样的绿色政治思想以及观点的交锋,中国生态文明道路行进,必须以具有中国特色的"绿色化"思想为指导;必须注重中西"绿色化"思想的互补与融合;必须将地球"生态命运共同体"思维纳入"绿色化"思想的基本维度. 中国"绿色化"思想的构建,能为"美丽中国"的建设展现完美的生态文明思路.

  5. 公平正义与当代中国市民社会的构建%The Value Orientation of Equality is Above Liberty and the Construction of Fairness and Justice Civil Society in Contemporary China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙百亮

    2013-01-01

    平等优位于自由的传统,社会主义的本质要求,公平问题的凸显,决定了当代中国必须构建公平正义的市民社会。公平正义的市民社会是民主、自由、和谐等价值实现的社会根基。构建公平正义的市民社会的基本方略是:规范政府行为,建立服务型政府,提升政策的公共性;培育公民文化,发挥公共媒体和知识分子在多元利益表达中的积极作用;公平合理地配置教育资源,推行针对弱势群体的“差别化”的教育政策;明晰权力与市场的边界,限制市场垄断,塑造公平合理的市场竞争环境;拓宽社会保障范围,建立针对社会弱势群体“底线公平”的社会保障制度;积极推动弱势群体的社会组织建设,提升弱势群体的利益博弈能力。%The tradition of equality is above liberty , the essential requirement of socialism and the highlights of fair problem in contemporary China , which demand China to construct civil society of fairness and justice .The civil society of fairness and justice is instrumental in the value realization of democracy , liberty and harmony .The basic strategy to construct the civil society of fairness and justice:standardize government behavior , construct service gov-ernment , improve public nature of policy , cultivate the citizen culture , make the media and public intellectuals to play the positive role in the expression of interests , dispose educational resources fairly , promote different education policy directed the vulnerable groups , clear the boundary between power and market , limit the monopoly , create fair and reasonable market competition environment , enlarge social security for vulnerable groups , establish social security system of fairness , promote construction of organization for the vulnerable groups actively , improve the ability of vul-nerable groups in the game of interests .

  6. Process and system innovation in the building and construction industry: Developing a model for integrated value chain and life cycle management of built objects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ridder, H.A.J. de; Vrijhoef, R.

    2004-01-01

    The building and construction industry has a large contribution and impact on society, e.g. economical and environmental, involving a vast spectrum of stakeholders. However, the value delivering performance of the industry has often been criticized. The predictability of the value, price and costs o

  7. Phytoremediation of industrial effluent containing azo dye by model up-flow constructed wetland

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    S.A.Ong; K.Uchiyama; D.Inadama; Y.Ishida; K.Yamagiwa

    2009-01-01

    This study assessed the treatment of azo dye Acid Orange 7(AO7)containing wastewater by laboratory-scale up-flow constructed wetland(UFCW)with and without supplementary aeration.The supplementary aeration could effectively control the ratio of anaerobic and aerobic zones in the UFCW reactor.The results dearly show the supplementary aeration boosted the biodegradation of organic pollutants and mineralization of intermediate aromatic amines formed by AO7 degradation.

  8. Development of a process maturity model for engineering, construction and maintenance projects in the oil and gas industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Veldman, J.; Klingenberg, W. [Faculty of Management and Organization, University of Groningen, PO BOX 800, 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands)

    2006-07-01

    Process improvement is a topic gaining considerable attention in literature. For the processes of Engineering, Procurement, Construction and Maintenance (i.e. EPCM) projects in the oil and gas industry, no frameworks exist that can guide these firms in the management of these processes. Using a detailed gap analysis we map the typical processes of EPCM-organisations onto the Capability Maturity Model Integrated (CMMI), a stepwise process improvement model that is widely used in the software industry. Our main contribution is the conclusion that CMMI can benefit the management of EPCM-processes to a large degree, since it gives direction to the improvement of a considerable set of processes within EPCM-projects. Additional insight is given into the scientifically neglected area of learning between projects and the relationship between an organisation's goals and targeted areas of process improvement. These issues are absent in CMMI so further research is needed to develop framework support for, amongst others, downstream processes (construction and maintenance), learning between projects and goal driven process improvement.

  9. UK and Italian EIA systems: A comparative study on management practice and performance in the construction industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bassi, Andrea, E-mail: ab395@bath.co.uk [University of Bath, Faculty of Engineering and Design, Claverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY (United Kingdom); Howard, Robert, E-mail: robhoward@constcom.demon.co.uk [Construction Communications, 8 Cotton& #x27; s Field, Dry Drayton, Cambridge CB23 8DG (United Kingdom); Geneletti, Davide, E-mail: davide.geneletti@ing.unitn.it [Sustainability Science Program, Harvard University, 79 JFK Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Trento, Via Mesiano, 77 38123 Trento (Italy); Ferrari, Simone, E-mail: simone.ferrari@polimi.it [Dept. BEST, Building Environment Science and Technology, Politecnico di Milano, Via Bonardi, 3 20133 Milano (Italy)

    2012-04-15

    This study evaluates and contrasts the management practice and the performance that characterise Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) in Italy and in the UK. The methodology relies on the investigation of six carefully selected case studies, critically reviewed by referring to EIA and project design information, as well as collecting the opinion of key project participants. The study focuses on the construction industry and on specific key sectors like infrastructure for transport and renewable energy and commercial and tourism development. A main term of reference for the analyses has been established by critically reviewing international literature so as to outline common good practice, requirements for the enhancement of sustainability principles and typically incurred drawbacks. The proposed approach enhances transfer of knowledge and of experiences between the analyzed contexts and allows the provision of guidelines for practitioners. Distinctive differences between the UK and the Italian EIA systems have been detected for pivotal phases and elements of EIA, like screening, scoping, analysis of alternatives and of potential impacts, definition of mitigation strategies, review, decision making, public participation and follow up. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The Italian and the UK Environmental Impact Assessment systems are compared. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The research is centred on the construction industry. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Issues and shortcomings are analysed by investigating six case studies. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Integration of EIA with sustainability principles is appraised. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer General guidelines are provided to assist practitioners in the two national contexts.

  10. Dynamics of corporate strategy from a value chain perspective : A study of the Swedish telecom and construction industries during the 90’s

    OpenAIRE

    de Paula, Andes

    2006-01-01

    Changes in sectors and industries have brought new challenges to corporations as well as been important driving forces for the dynamics in strategy at the corporate level. With the dramatic developments of the 1990’s in mind, such as multilateral free-trade agreements, liberalization, privatization, sharp industry growth/decline, increased competition and globalization, in particular within the telecom and the construction industry, this study contributes to describing and understanding strat...

  11. 基于行政层级构建“橄榄型”生态文明建设指标框架%“Olive Shape” Indicators System Framework of Ecological Civilization Construction Based on Administrative Levels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周芳; 包存宽; 牛冬杰; 王娟

    2015-01-01

    In order to overcome the current problems in the study and practice of indicator system of ecological civilization, starting from its connotation, according to the administrative organization and management principles, this paper build the "olive shape" indicators system framework of ecological civilization construction. The indicator system emphasizes the country's top-level macro-guiding role, and bases on the city and county level indicator system of ecological civilization construction, up to refine the provincial level indicator system and down to filter the township-level indicator system. The indicator system reflects integrity, compliance coordination of indicators among the national level, the provincial level, the city and county level and the township level, and truly reflects ecological civilization construction is the result of top-down guiding force and bottom-up impetus to work together. The indicator system is purposed to serve the ongoing sustainable development and long effective management of ecological civilization construction.%当前生态文明指标体系研究和实践中,一方面生态文明指标体系和生态文明指数构建方法不尽相同,另一方面刻意追求统一的指标体系而忽视了不同行政层级间的差异性,对层级间指标衔接等问题缺乏考虑。依照生态文明内涵以及十八大尤其是十八届三中全会关于生态文明建设尤其是生态文明考核指标要求,提出各行政层级构建“橄榄型”生态文明建设指标框架体系。该指标体系强调国家的顶层宏观引导作用,并以市县级生态文明建设指标体系为基础,向上构建省级生态文明建设指标体系,向下构建乡镇级生态文明建设指标体系,体现“国家—省—市县—乡镇”之间的整体性、衔接性、协调性,真正反映生态文明建设是“自上而下引导力”和“自下而上推动力”的合力作用的结果,服务于我国生态

  12. Structuring Requirements in a Multi-Project Environment in the Construction Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wörösch, Michael

    2012-01-01

    in this industry, yet, success is here defined as an accomplished and accepted implementation of requirements management processes that are used by the relevant project members in their daily work and where the benefits of implementing requirements management outweighs the cost of invested resources. Furthermore...... it is argued that when running technology development, product development, product platform development, and a portfolio of building projects at the same time the use of requirements management is advantageous and an intelligent way of structuring requirements is needed. This article also demonstrates...

  13. MOBILE HOUSING AS A FUNCTIONAL-TYPOLOGICAL VARIETY OF THE INDUSTRY OF MODERN CONSTRUCTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MIRONENKO V. P.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement. Current socio-demographic conditions in Ukraine and the level of housing of different types and quality suggest the possibility of active development mobile home construction. Practical advantages of mobile homes in various regions of the world reflected in the popularity of their use, especially as a temporary, recreational, holiday and tourist accommodation. The use of mobile housing in Ukraine currently is limited functional-typological composition. Aim. Identify the features of the design and construction of mobile homes on the basis of studying the world and domestic experience based integrated assessment formative factors (environmental and fire safety, energy efficiency, reliability and sustainability, etc.. Analyzing of the resent research. In research on mobility and transform element residential buildings addressed such issues: the experience of adaptation of housing to changes in the life of their inhabitants in the form of transformation of the internal space and its versatility [1; 11]; the methodology and design of constructions differing movable , collapsible or foldable parts and features of formation of mobile home recreational purpose[19]; the evolution of human dwellings and projected a futuristic look at the structure of the living environment [14]. In the scientific development of modern authors on architectural topics most relevant topics related to energy issues: a study of the historical background of the development of energy efficient housing, development of the basic requirements and solutions, their formation, and the creation of engineering and efficient method of designing low-rise architecture [15]; an analysis of the use of alternative energy sources, identify the main ways of saving energy and the development of architecture energy-saving residential buildings of low and medium-rise [16]; the development of an integrated approach to the ecological – economic substantiation of creation of

  14. The Influence of Trust on Project Management Practice within the Construction Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott Strahorn

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Given that any construction project is inherently a human endeavour, it follows that issues of trust are significant in terms of the stakeholder interactions that deliver eventual project outcomes.  Previous research indicates that the relational basis upon which projects are undertaken are intended to influence the likelihood of trusting relationships between stakeholders.  Thus, experiences of trust in a construction project environment are likely to be influenced by the contextual specifics of respective transactional and relational contracting (RC procurement mechanisms, given the divergent theoretical principles upon which they are founded.  The influence of trust has therefore been examined through the lived experiences of construction practitioners.  A phenomenological interview study consisting of thirty-five (35 participants was conducted with sensitivity to the procurement of experiences being recounted. Issues of trust were shown to be integral to stakeholder experiences in both procurement environments, with the benefits of trust acknowledged in many instances.  However, little understanding was evident regarding methods for building and maintaining trust, nor for repairing trust when problems arose. Importantly, despite the differing principles that underpin transactional and relational procurement, and particularly the contention that relational procurement would increase trust between trading partners, this was not evident; with individual personalities and appropriate risk apportionment shown to be greater influences upon the likelihood of trusting relationships.  It is reasonable to conjecture that relational contracts actually diminish the need for trust, given that the objective is to reduce uncertainty through formulaic approaches to risk distribution and reward; the absence of risk negates the need for trust.  Ultimately, the potential to deliver improved project outcomes as a result of proactive approaches to

  15. A comparative analysis of selected parameters of roofing used in the Polish construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radziszewska-Zielina Elżbieta

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Roofing is an important element in the construction of the roof. It is also one of the essential elements of the whole building. The choice of roofing should depend on technical parameters that affect the quality of the materials used and the price. The present paper is a comparative analysis of the properties of five roofing materials selected as examples with respect to twelve parameters. As can be seen from the comparative analysis of the roofing parameters, roofing tile is by far the best material, receiving the highest score in the ranking

  16. FIDIC new conditions of contract and their applying prospects for the construction industry in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何伯森

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, the author gives a brief introduction to the evolution of FIDIC conditions of contract,particularly the background of the 1999 new editions. A detailed discussion is made of the applying prospects referring to the new editions of FIDIC Conditions of Contract in China in 6 aspects: revisions of the existing model contract forms; finding solutions to the payment delay problem; advocating the Design/Build and EPC turnkey project delivery system; clarifying the roles of supervising engineers and opening up the new regions of their work. This paper also prepares a short form model contract for small projects in China, improving the settlement of construction disputes.

  17. 40 CFR 35.925-9 - Civil rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 35.925-9 Section 35.925-9... ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.925-9 Civil rights. That if the... the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and part 7 of this chapter have been met....

  18. The Sectorial Code - an inquiry into the contemporary sector development activities in the Danish construction industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jens Stissing

    and incompatible experiences by perceiving them as symptoms of a sectorial malfunction in a way which defines new strategic opportunities or necessities. Concretization signifies processes by which the strategic orientation of the theorized sector representation is turned into experimental activities. Finally...... to be developed and implemented in the industry. Building Lab on the other hand diagnosed the symptoms as the effects of an under modularized production environment characterized by project specific problem solving and short term collaboration that hindered organization specialization and innovation...... optimised in order to facilitate organizational differentiation and company specific learning and capability building based on project independent production and development processes. . The two sector development strategies did however not only differ in concern to the sector representation which informed...

  19. Role of Industry University in British Construction of Learning-Oriented Society and Insights

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    One of the creations in building a learning-oriented society in the United Kingdom, the Industry University shoulders such a mission as applying new technologies to transform learning and transmit skills, thus it has been playing an im- portant role in those aspects like establishing a novel educational organizational model, stimulating greater needs for education, integrating educational resources, providing more educational opportunities, and disseminating culture of lifelong learning. British experience is of great inspiration to Chinese development of Open University based on its learning society construc- tion, for instance, 1) a common social resources platform shall be set up; 2) learning products shall meet learners' demands; 3) no efforts shall be spared to explore effective practical approaches conducive to learning; 4) learners' lifelong learning shall be combined with their personal development.

  20. Constructing Employability Indicators for Enhancing the Effectiveness of Engineering Education for the Solar Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chin-Guo Kuo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to establish a set of employability indicators that capture the competency requirements and performance expectations that solar energy enterprises have of their employees. In the qualitative component of the study, 12 administrators and 32 engineers in the industry were interviewed, and meetings with focus groups were conducted to formulate a questionnaire for a survey of Taiwanese solar energy companies for the confirmation and prioritisation of the employability indicators. On the basis of the results of the quantitative component, an interpretational model relating competence, job performance, working attitude, and employability for solar corporation recruitment and training purposes as well as for school curricular development was developed. The interpretation model formulated effectively interprets the relationship between solar enterprises’ expectations and students’ employability. The research contributes a framework for the selection and cultivation of talent, as well as providing a basis for fundamental development of the solar engineering curriculum.

  1. Defining and Measuring Safety Climate: A Review of the Construction Industry Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwatka, Natalie V; Hecker, Steven; Goldenhar, Linda M

    2016-06-01

    Safety climate measurements can be used to proactively assess an organization's effectiveness in identifying and remediating work-related hazards, thereby reducing or preventing work-related ill health and injury. This review article focuses on construction-specific articles that developed and/or measured safety climate, assessed safety climate's relationship with other safety and health performance indicators, and/or used safety climate measures to evaluate interventions targeting one or more indicators of safety climate. Fifty-six articles met our inclusion criteria, 80% of which were published after 2008. Our findings demonstrate that researchers commonly defined safety climate as perception based, but the object of those perceptions varies widely. Within the wide range of indicators used to measure safety climate, safety policies, procedures, and practices were the most common, followed by general management commitment to safety. The most frequently used indicators should and do reflect that the prevention of work-related ill health and injury depends on both organizational and employee actions. Safety climate scores were commonly compared between groups (e.g. management and workers, different trades), and often correlated with subjective measures of safety behavior rather than measures of ill health or objective safety and health outcomes. Despite the observed limitations of current research, safety climate has been promised as a useful feature of research and practice activities to prevent work-related ill health and injury. Safety climate survey data can reveal gaps between management and employee perceptions, or between espoused and enacted policies, and trigger communication and action to narrow those gaps. The validation of safety climate with safety and health performance data offers the potential for using safety climate measures as a leading indicator of performance. We discuss these findings in relation to the related concept of safety culture and

  2. Environmental Management Systems (EMS ISO 14001 Implementation in Construction Industry: A Malaysian Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumiani Yusoff

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This study seeks to explore the crucial part in EMS implementation; i.e. environmental aspects and impacts, Good Environmental Practice to be developed in construction site, as well as the level of awareness or understanding amongst site staffs on ISO 14001 EMS implementation in their organizations. Data were collected via interviews, surveys and site visits. A number of environmental aspects and impacts, and Good Environmental Practices based on ISO 14001:2004 have been identified. The level of understanding of the site staffs on ISO 14001 EMS requirements has been found to be good except for matters concerning Schedule Waste Management. In conclusion, the successful implementation of ISO 14001 EMS mainly depends on staffs‘ understanding.

  3. Falls from Height in the Construction Industry: A Critical Review of the Scientific Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadhim, Evan A; Hon, Carol; Xia, Bo; Stewart, Ian; Fang, Dongping

    2016-06-28

    Globally, falls from height (FFH) are a substantial public health jeopardy and are among the important leading causes of serious and fatal injuries for construction workers. A comprehensive understanding of the causal factors in FFH incidents is urgently required; however, the literature appears to lack a scientific review of FFH. In this study, 297 articles that contribute to the topic of fall incidents were reviewed. Seventy-five (75) articles met the criteria for relevance and were aggregated in a database to support a critical review. A synthesis of macro-variables approach was adopted rather than a structured meta-analysis. Such a method of analysis provides the flexibility to combine previous studies' findings. The most common factors associated with FFH are risky activities, individual characteristics, site conditions, organizational characteristics, agents (scaffolds/ladders) and weather conditions. The outcomes contributed to identifying the most significant research area for safety enhancement by improving engineering facilities, behaviour investigations and FFH prevention methods.

  4. ANALYSIS OF REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO THE PRICING SYSTEM IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lyapin Anton Valer'evich

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Formation of the pricing system and underlying investment and construction activities were analyzed by the authors in their research. It is noteworthy that the pricing system has a common basis with other human systems, as it incorporates such constituents as process, people, software, etc. Correct interaction between these elements ensures conformity between the anticipated and the practical performance of the system. The basis for the effective operation of the existing system and reduction of potential risks consists in early identification and analysis of requirements set by the user. Absent of implementation of an effective requirement management process, the pattern of the system development will look chaotic and unpredictable. In the process of the data analysis, the data set is converted into a set of the user requirements describing the anticipated behavior of the system in the course of its interaction with the operating environment. The requirements of users comprise an important constituent of the system design. They affect the entire development process from the beginning to the very end. In accordance with the principles of the system engineering, the authors have identified the key pricing system parameters; their implementation assures the appropriate functionality with a view to the formation of the contract price at various stages of the life-cycle of the investment project. Analysis of the above requirements makes it possible to convert them into a technical vision of the desired product that can demonstrate the required functionality. The methodology proposed by the authors contemplates decomposition of the levels of requirements; therefore, the authors employ a three-level model that describes the expected functionality of the system. The model includes an organizational level (basic processes, participants, information flows, a methodological level (method of calculating the cost of design, construction and operation

  5. The new mining technology using pneumatic constructions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poliakov, S.V.; Rahutin, V.S.; Salli, V.I. [Administration of Donetsk Region, Dnepropetrovsk (Ukraine)

    1997-12-31

    In this article a new technology of underground coal extraction with the use of stowing material and mechanized protection including pneumatic constructions made from soft casings is considered. The proposed technology permits the working of deposits located under industrial and civil objects. It enables an increase in the ratio of coal extraction, as well keeping rock and waste from coal preparation in the mine workings. 1 fig.

  6. Using expanded real options analysis to evaluate capacity expansion decisions under uncertainty in the construction material industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Momani, Amer Mohammad

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Capacity expansion generally requires large capital expenditure on illiquid assets. Therefore, decisions to enlarge capacity must support the organisation’s strategic objectives and provide valuable input for the budgeting process. This paper applies an expanded form of Real Options Analysis (ROA to generate and evaluate capacity expansion strategies under uncertainty in the construction material industry. ROA is applied to different expansion strategies associated with different demand scenarios. Evaluating a wider variety of strategies can reduce risk and sponsor decisions that maximise the firm’s value. The case study shows that the execution of a lead expansion strategy with 10-year intervals under a 50 per cent demand satisfaction scenario produces superior results.

  7. COMPARISON OF TRENDS IN RISK MANAGEMENT THEORY AND PRACTICES WITHIN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dena Crnković

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study considered the problem of understanding and use of risk management methods in construction projects and their representation in the literature and their practical application. Research of trends in risk management was conducted using studies from the EBSCO database that were published in the period from 1999 to 2015. The focus included the development of two terms, namely traditional and holistic approach to risk management as well as to uncertainty and opportunity management. The trend of leading standards in the field of project management, PMBoK and ISO 31000 indicated full support for the modernization of risk management that focused on the risks as well as potential opportunities in the project. The findings also revealed that the global practices continued to lack awareness of risk management and its benefits for project goals. A similar situation was found in Croatia by observing project management practices in two case studies, namely Project Zagrebačka obala in Rijeka and a Project of SEECEL Zagreb. Primarily, the lack of education and communication between experts are important issues requiring attention in practice and academics. It is necessary to gradually introduce standards over time to prepare for progress in managing uncertainties and adopting more holistic approaches.

  8. THE DEVELOPMENT OF MATERIAL FLOW INFORMATION BASE OF MANAGEMENT AND ACCOUNTING IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Degaltseva Z. V.

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the problems of using indicators of material flow in the financial accounting management accounting system. The authors have created and described the classification of material costs in building units. It allows solving the problems of object of research specifying within a given material flow and inventory control within a given logistics systems. There are different approaches to the valuation of material costs in the article. An important aspect of measures for the integration development of accounting systems is the adoption of uniform valuation of building materials and structures. It is proved that the most rational combination of these types of records achieved by an adapted classification and measurement of building materials and structures to the conditions of formation of the budget for the project volume of construction works and the reflection of the actual volume of work in the financial accounting system. On the basis of the accounting policies and the organizational structure of the object of investigation of "Kubanstroykompleks" we have identified responsibility centers (sites for costs related to the material flow: Department of logistics and packaging and warehousing, which consists of a central and railroad warehouse

  9. B 150 civil engineering futures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    theme in twentieth century architecture. Together, civil engineer Peter Rice and architect Ian Ritchie created a paradigm shift with their revolutionary ideas for glass facades supported by cables. Glued and bolted constructions made entirely of glass are now a reality in small-scale projects, yet...... related to sustainability – a Workshop on Traffic. The workshop discussed traffic prognoses and the way they are used in the preparation of urban transport and traffic strategies. Civil engineer Jonas Eliasson spoke about the experience in Sweden of developing a database for traffic prognoses. The main...... to develop a technically advanced form of aesthetics. The Master Class in low energy buildings was led by civil engineer, Svend Svendsen, a Professor at DTU Byg. Together with colleagues and students, he has achieved an extensive knowledge of Integrated Design. In fact, the situation is that our knowledge...

  10. Teaching reform of civil engineering construction course in application- oriented colleges and universities%应用型本科院校土木工程施工技术课程教学改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    涂劲松; 戈海玉

    2012-01-01

    Civil engineering construction technology is a very practical professional course. Combing theoretical teaching with practical teaching is important to train students' application abilities. Based on the current situation and teaching practice of civil engineering construction course teaching, we proposed suggestions on teaching methods, teaching modes and teaching means. We also introduced the production practice, technical seminars of specific engineering topics, and video and pictures of cases into classroom teaching, which stimulated students' interest in learning, improved the teaching quality, and provided a reference for innovative teaching programs.%土木工程施工技术是一门实践性很强的专业课程,该课程在整个课程体系中起着承前启后的作用,因此把理论与实践教学相结合,使学生具备应用知识的能力成为值得深思的问题。文章从目前土木工程施工技术课程教学现状出发,结合当前土木工程应用型本科院校教学改革实践,对该课程教学方法、教学模式和教学手段等提出了一些改革建议,并把生产实习实践、具体工程专题技术讲座、视频图片案例教学等手段贯穿于课堂教学,这既激发了学生学习兴趣,提高了教学质量,也为该课程的创新教学模式提供参考。

  11. Preliminarily study ecological civilization construction under the guidance of Ecological ethics%生态伦理观指导下的生态文明建设初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何颖

    2014-01-01

    生态伦理学是一门新的伦理学,它超越了传统伦理学只关注人与人之间的关系,而是把焦点扩展到人与自然的关系。通过分析生态伦理学与传统伦理学的区别,可以提炼出生态伦理学“新”特点;并且结合党的最新方针政策,初步探讨生态伦理观指导生态文明建设的方法与建议。这对于中国特色社会主义生态文明建设有重要的指导意义。%Ecological ethics is a new ethics,which transcends the traditional ethics focusing on the relationship of people, but the focus is expanded to the relationship between human and nature.In this paper,by analyzing the difference between the ecological ethics and traditional ethics,extracting characteristics of “new”ecological ethics,and combining with the party's poli-cies,it can preliminarily study the methods and suggestions of the construction of ecological civilization which is under the guide of ecological ethic.In a word,this study has important guiding significance for the construction of the Chinese characteristic so-cialism ecological civilization.

  12. 生态文明视阈下高校师德建设的困境与出路%Plight and Way out of Teachers' Ethic Construction from the Perspective of Ecological Civilization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘伟杰

    2015-01-01

    生态文明强调弘扬生态价值观和生态道德观。生态文明视阈下加强高校教师师德建设是教师职业的本质要求,是实现教师个人成功的关键,是大学实现永续发展的必然。当前,高校教师存在着浮躁焦虑、追名逐利、言行失当等现实问题,实现师德建设与专业发展相结合,发挥团队合力,加强制度规范是解决这些问题,不断提高师德修养水平的出路。%Ecological civilization upholds ecological value and ecological ethics. Strengthening teachers' ethic construction under the framework of ecological civilization is the innate requirements of the teaching profession,the key to realize the personal success of teachers and a must for universities to achieve sustainable development. Currently,university teachers are faced with some realistic problems such as fickleness and anxiety,pursuit of fame and profit,misconduct. Integrating teachers' ethic construction into profession-al development,giving full play to the joint efforts of the team and strengthening regulations are the way out for solving these problems and continuously improving teachers' ethics.

  13. Application of Simulation Technology in Higher Vocational Civil Engineering Construction Technology Teaching%仿真技术在高职土木工程施工技术课程教学中的应用探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱显鸽

    2014-01-01

    土木工程施工技术是安全技术管理专业的核心专业课程,由于本课程内容丰富、量大面广,与实践紧密结合,而学生又缺乏对实物的认识与想象,故传统的以教材为主的教学方法已经不适应,经过十多年的施工技术课程教学方法探索与实践后发现应用仿真技术可以有效地解决以往施工技术学习中的弊端。%Civil Engineering Construction Technology is the core course of security technology management professional courses, as the course content is rich, wide range of large, closely integrated with practice, and students lack of real under-standing and imagination, traditional textbook-based teaching methods are not suited, after ten years of teaching techniques and construction methods exploration, the practical application of simulation techniques can be found to effectively solve the problems of construction technology learning disadvantages.

  14. 马克思生态伦理思想对中国生态文明建设的启示%Enlightenment of Marx’s Ecological Ethics Thought on the Construction of Ecological Civilization in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩博

    2015-01-01

    T he report of the 18th Party Congress has developed “five‐in‐one” socialist modernization con‐struction model .It has put forward the concept that the construction of ecological civilization is related to the well‐being of the people ,and is a matter of national long‐term plan for the future .These all demon‐strate the importance of the construction of ecological civilization .Marx’s theory contains ecological ethics thoughts ,which has profoundly revealed the essential contradiction between the capitalist mode of produc‐tion and natural ecology and has illustrated the dialectical unity relationship between man and nature . Based on the research regarding the thought of Marx’s ecological ethics ,the ecological civilization con‐struction of China’s ecological ethics is discussed in this thesis .In addition ,it highlights the status of hu‐man subjectivity ,reflects the harmony and unity of man and nature relationship and emphasizes the neces‐sity of ecological legal norms .Marx’s ecological ethics thought not only promoted the process of building a moderately prosperous society in China ,but also accelerated the implementation of the scientific develop‐ment concept .%党的十八大报告制定了“五位一体”社会主义现代化建设总布局,并提出生态文明建设是关系人民福祉、关乎民族未来的长远大计,这充分说明生态文明建设的重要性。马克思的理论蕴含了丰富的生态伦理思想,深刻地揭露了资本主义生产方式与自然生态之间的本质矛盾,科学地阐明了人与自然之间的辩证统一关系。思考我国生态文明建设中所蕴含的生态伦理思想,体现出人与自然和谐统一的关系并凸显了人的主体性地位,以及生态法制规范的必要性。马克思生态伦理思想不仅推动了我国全面建成小康社会的进程,也进一步加快了科学发展观的贯彻和落实。

  15. Construction and in-situ characterisation of high-temperature fixed point cells devoted to industrial applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadli Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Among the activities of the European Metrology Research Programme (EMRP project HiTeMS one work package is devoted to the development and testing of industrial solutions for long-standing temperature measurement problems at the highest temperatures. LNE-Cnam, NPL, TUBITAK-UME have worked on the design of high temperature fixed points (HTFP suitable for in-situ temperature monitoring to be implemented in the facilities of CEA (Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives. Several high temperature fixed point cells were constructed in these three national metrology institutes (NMIs using a rugged version of cells based on the hybrid design of the laboratory HTFP developed and continuously improved at LNE-Cnam during the last years. The fixed points of interest were Co-C, Ru-C and Re-C corresponding to melting temperatures of 1324 °C, 1953 °C and 2474 °C respectively. The cells were characterised at the NMIs after their construction. Having proved robust enough, they were transported to CEA and tested in an induction furnace and cycled from room temperature to temperatures much above the melting temperatures (> +400 °C with extremely high heating and cooling rates (up to 10 000 K/h. All the cells withstood the tests and the melting plateaus could be observed in all cases.

  16. Construction of the Media Society of Civilized Society%媒介化社会的社会文明建构研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董达

    2014-01-01

    The-concept-and-characteristics-of-the-media-society-were-analyzed-basing-on-the-cultural-and-creative-products-summed-up-in-the-media-of-the-role-of-social-civilization-building-,-problems-and-solu-tions.With-the-new-media-technology-as-the-core-of-the-media-oriented-society-coming-to-being-,the-cultur-al-and-creative-products-also-played-a-very-important-role-in-the-whole-of-the-process-of-social-media-,such-as-film,animation,advertising,art-design,etc.%简要分析媒介化社会概念和特点的基础上,总结了文化创意产品在媒介化社会文明构建中的作用、问题及其解决方法,以新媒体技术为核心的媒介化社会已经到来,而文化创意产品,例如电影、动漫、广告、艺术设计等,在整个社会媒体化的进程中,也扮演着非常重要的角色。

  17. 新型城镇化建设管理的水生态文明路径%Water Ecological Civilization Concept of New Urbanization Construction and Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓建明; 周萍

    2015-01-01

    笔者分析了城镇化过程对水生态系统纵向、横向与垂向连通性及时间维度上自然动态性的干扰破坏作用,提出了基于水生态文明理念的城镇化建设管理新路径。城镇发展决策源头要注重预防,守住红线,城镇发展过程要注重补偿严格监管,城镇发展成果要注意科学评价、加大奖惩力度。%Based on the four-dimensional nature of water ecological system, which refers to the longitudinal, transverse and vertical connectivity as well as the natural dynamics in the time dimension, impacts of rapid urbanization on water ecological system were analyzed. Some urbanization management countermeasures, based on the concept of water ecological civilization, were put forward. Urban development decisions should pay attention to eco-damage prevention measures and hold the red line. Urban development process should focus on the adoption of effective compensation measures and the implementation of strict supervision. Urban development results should be given a scientific evaluation and set up a strict system of rewards and penalties.

  18. 基于突破式创新局限性的民用飞机制造产业创新窘境分析%Analysis of the Dilemma of Civil Aircraft Manufacturing Industry Innovation Based on Radical Innovation Limitations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘花清; 黄莹灿; 杨蕾; 冯亚秋

    2015-01-01

    From the research of the radical innovation mode and its development and application situation, this article finds out the limitations of radical innovation through the comparison of different innovation modes in various aspects, combined with the analysis of the status quo of civil aircraft manufacturing industry innovation, and discusses the six innovation dilemmas of radical innovation in civil aircraft manufacturing industry. In view of this background, the authors hope that analysis of the dilemmas of radical innovation in civil aircraft manufacturing industry can promote the development of China's civil aircraft manufacturing industry.%本文从突破式创新模式的探究及其发展和应用情况出发,通过不同创新模式在各方面的比较,发现突破式创新存在的局限性,结合民用飞机制造业的创新现状分析,重点探讨了突破式创新在民用飞机制造产业的六大创新窘境。鉴于此背景之下,希望通过分析当前民用飞机制造产业突破式创新中存在的窘境,促进中国民用飞机制造产业的发展。

  19. Corporate Social Responsability in the Construction Industry Responsabilidad social empresarial en el sector de la construcción

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Botero Botero

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available After three decades of construction of a definition of Corporate Social esponsibility (CSR, in the eighties of last century they were included the prospects for voluntary action beyond the legal aspect and the theory of stakeholders. Although the debate about this topic has not finished, it has become usual that the company, even if free and private, must take into account its shareholders and stakeholders. In Colombia´s construction industry, considered vital to the economic and social development of the country, the discussion is only beginning. The concept of CSR in the construction industry is here presented, as well as how to make it possible through corporate practices and the precarious employment status of professionals and workers affected by such practices. These are developed in the framework of "liquid modernity", characterized by the economic emancipation of its traditional political, ethical and cultural ties.Después de tres décadas de construcción de una definición de Responsabilidad Social Empresarial (RSE, en los años ochenta del siglo pasado se incluyeron las perspectivas de la acción voluntaria más allá de lo legal y la teoría de los stakeholders o grupos de interés. Aunque el debate continúa al respecto, se hace general que la empresa, si bien libre y privada, debe tener en cuenta a sus accionistas y a los grupos de interés. En el sector de la construcción en Colombia, considerado de vital importancia para el desarrollo económico y social del país, la discusión es incipiente. Aquí se presenta el concepto de RSE en el sector de la construcción, la forma de materializarlo a través de prácticas empresariales y la precaria condición laboral de profesionales y obreros, afectada por dichas prácticas. Estas se desarrollan en el marco de la “modernidad líquida”, caracterizada por la emancipación de la economía de sus tradicionales ataduras políticas, éticas y culturales.  

  20. DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS APPROACH ON THE EFFICIENT USE OF RURAL HUMAN RESOURCES IN AGRICULTURE, INDUSTRY AND CONSTRUCTIONS DURING 2006-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorel MIHAI

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper studied the rural human resources efficiency at regional level by using the DEA nonparametric method (Data Envelopment Analysis. The application of this cutting edge method enables the calculation of efficiency scores based on a series of inputs (occupied population in agriculture, industry and construction and outputs (gross value added in agriculture, industry and construction. The data regarding the rural human resources are retrieved from the Amigo data base, the regional GVA from Tempo online data base and the analysis is performed by MAXDATA 6.3 Beta program. The results revealed that the majority of the regions reach performance with the current input structure, with the exception of the North-East and North-West regions which need to reduce the number of workers in agriculture and increase the GVA from industry and constructions to support real economic growth