WorldWideScience

Sample records for city planning

  1. City health development planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Geoff; Acres, John; Price, Charles; Tsouros, Agis

    2009-11-01

    The objective of this evaluation was to review the evolution and process of city health development planning (CHDP) in municipalities participating in the Healthy Cities Network organized by the European Region of the World Health Organization. The concept of CHDP combines elements from three theoretical domains: (a) health development, (b) city governance and (c) urban planning. The setting was the 56 cities which participated in Phase III (1998-2002) of the Network. Evidence was gathered from documents either held in WHO archives or made available from Network cities and from interviews with city representatives. CHDPs were the centrepiece of Phase III, evolving from city health plans developed in Phase II. They are strategic documents giving direction to municipalities and partner agencies. Analysis revealed three types of CHDP, reflecting the realpolitik of each city. For many cities, the process of CHDP was as important as the plan itself.

  2. Ecological city planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvador Rueda

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available A territory, a city, a neighbourhood are all ecosystems; a mixture of chemico-physical and organic elements related to each other. That which defines an ecological system is the set of rules and characteristics which condition its relationships, and its duration in time is guaranteed by its efficiency and internal organization which applied to the city is translated in the reduction of the use of natural resources and in the increase of social organization. To increase the efficiency of the urban systems is the necessary condition for the formulation of ecological city planning favouring the maximum liveability of sites. Liveability is directly correlated to the optimization of numerous elements (public space, equipment, services, building techniques, innovative technology, social cohesion, biodiversity. To carry out such objectives, ecological city planning proposes a new model of town planning on three levels (subsoil, ground level, and upper level.

  3. Planning for resource efficient cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje

    2016-01-01

    development from energy consumption are crucial for a city’s future vulnerability and resilience against changes in general resource availability. The challenge gets further complex, as resource and energy efficiency in a city is deeply interwoven with other aspects of urban development such as social...... structures and the geographical context. As cities are the main consumer of energy and resources, they are both problem and solution to tackle issues of energy efficiency and saving. Cities have been committed to this agenda, especially to meet the national and international energy targets. Increasingly......, cities act as entrepreneurs of new energy solutions acknowledging that efficient monitoring of energy and climate policies has become important to urban branding and competitiveness. This special issue presents findings from the European FP7 project ‘Planning for Energy Efficient Cities’ (PLEEC...

  4. Landscape planning for a safe city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ishikawa

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available To create a safe city free from natural disasters has been one of the important criteria in city planning. Since large cities have suffered from large fires caused by earthquakes, the planning of open spaces to prevent the spread of fires is part of the basic structure of city planning in Japan. Even in the feudal city of Edo, the former name of Tokyo, there had been open spaces to prevent fire disasters along canals and rivers. This paper discusses the historical evolution of open space planning, that we call landscape planning, through the experiences in Tokyo, and clarifies the characteristics and problems for achieving a safe city.

  5. City planning as preventive medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corburn, Jason

    2015-08-01

    The health and well-being of rapidly growing urban populations is a global health issue. Cities in the global north and south are faced with rising health inequities - or avoidable differences in health determinants and outcomes based on place, social status and ethnicity. This commentary suggests that focusing only on treatment interventions in cities is likely to fail because populations will be forced to go back into the urban living and working conditions that likely made them sick in the first place. City planning as preventive medicine includes taking a relational and systems approach to urban health, requiring health assessments for all urban policy making, promoting neighborhood health centers as engines of community economic development and gathering place-based health indicator data to track progress and adapt interventions over time as conditions change.

  6. Study on Public Interest in City Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付樯; 周立军

    2014-01-01

    Public interest is the key point of city planning, which has a significant effect on the level of city planning. This paper discussed the public interest in city planning, which is advantageous to improve the level of city planning.%公共利益是城市规划的关键点,对城市规划水平有重要作用。本文探讨了城市规划中的公共利益,有利于城市规划水平的提高。

  7. The Politics of City Planning Simulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolson, Kenneth

    This research paper presents an analysis of the computer simulation, SimCity, used for an urban city planning class. The data were gathered by actual use of the simulation and an electronic mail network was employed to secure impressions from users of the simulation. SimCity (developed by Maxis) provides the player with rules of human factors,…

  8. Introduction to China City Planning Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    China City Planning Review(CCPR)was firstly published in 1985 right after China initiated its policies of reform and opening up.Its worldwide publication was resumed by the Urban Planning Society of China in 2006 after a suspension of several years.Up to now,CCPR is the only English periodical in the area of urban planning in China.It is

  9. Introduction to China City Planning Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    China City Planning Review(CCPR)was firstly published in 1985 right after China initiated its policies of reform and opening up.Its worldwide publication was resumed by the Urban Planning Society of China?in 2006 after a suspension of several years.Up to now,CCPR is the only English periodical in the area of urban planning in China.It is

  10. Introduction to China City Planning Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    China City Planning Review(CCPR)was firstly published in 1985 right after China initiated its policies of reform and opening up.Its worldwide publication was resumed by the Urban Planning Society of China in 2006 after a suspension of several years.Up to now,CCPR is the only English periodical in the area of urban planning in China.It is

  11. Healthy urban planning in European cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Hugh; Grant, Marcus; Mitcham, Claire; Tsourou, Catherine

    2009-11-01

    This article describes the WHO 'healthy urban planning' (HUP) initiative as it has developed through the laboratory of the Healthy Cities movement and evaluates the degree to which applicant cities successfully developed plans for HUP. The paper provides a brief historical perspective on the relationship of health and planning and an overview of the ways in which urban spatial development affects health. It then turns to the WHO European Healthy Cities Network (WHO-EHCN) and explains the evolution of the HUP programme through Phase III (1998-2002) of the Healthy Cities Project, showing how the programme has grown from experimental beginnings to being 'mainstreamed' in Phase IV (2003-2008). Each city wishing to join the WHO-EHCN in this latter phase produced a programme for further development of HUP, and these were assessed by the Bristol Collaborating Centre. The paper presents the overall results, concluding that a significant progress has been made and the most advanced cities have much to offer municipalities everywhere in the best practice for integrating health into urban planning.

  12. Green city Banda Aceh: city planning approach and environmental aspects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arif, A. A.

    2017-02-01

    Banda Aceh as the capital of Aceh Province is the region with the tsunami disaster that occurred on December 26, 2004 the most severe of which over 60% of the city area were destroyed mainly coastal region and settlements. One product plan for rehabilitation and reconstruction of Banda Aceh is made of Banda Aceh as Green City. To realize the Green City Banda Aceh, urban development process should be conducted in a planned and integrated way with attention to spatial and environmental aspects to ensure an efficient urban management and to create a healthy, beautiful and comfortable environment. There is a weakness of the process in urban planning and development that occurred at present where cities tend to minimize the development of green open space and land conversion into a commercial district, residential areas, industrial areas, transport networks and infrastructure and facilities for other cities. Another tendency that occurs is urban environment only developed economically but not ecologically, whereas ecological balance is as important as the development of the economic value of urban areas. Such conditions have caused unbalance of urban ecosystems including increased air temperature, air pollution, declining water table, flooding, salt water intrusion and increased content of heavy metals in the soil. From an ecological perspective, unfavorable microclimate, high-temperature increase due to the lack of trees as a sieve / filter against heavy rain, can cause flooding. These conditions result in inconvienient, arid and less beautiful urban areas. The author identifies the elements contained in the Green City Banda Aceh and how the efforts and approaches must be made toward Green City Banda Aceh.

  13. Introduction to China City Planning Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2016-01-01

    China City Planning Review(CCPR)was firstly published in 1985 right after China initiated its policies of reform and opening up.Its worldwide publication was resumed by the Urban Planning Society of China in 2006 after a suspension of several years.Up to now,CCPR is the only English periodical in the area of urban planning in China.It is published by the Urban Planning Society of China,under the administration of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-

  14. Space-Age City Planning--In the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosser, Phyllis

    1979-01-01

    A City Building Education System uses the process of city planning to teach basic reading, writing, and math skills to children from kindergarten through junior high school and to stimulate creative thinking and problem solving abilities. (JMF)

  15. City marketing: online communication plan for the city of Lisbon

    OpenAIRE

    Altrichter, Benjamin

    2011-01-01

    Mestrado em Marketing City Marketing represents marketing efforts of cities in order to attract more visitors. Today, we are confronted everyday with marketing campaigns in all different communication media promoting countries, cities or events. Cities are competing for visitors on a global scale, forcing them to adapt successful marketing strategies for gaining and retaining costumers. Yet, City Marketing still remains an unknown chapter for a big part of the general public an...

  16. Brazilian city planners, American city planning? New perspectives on urban planning in Rio de Janeiro, 1930-1945.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezende, Vera F

    2010-01-01

    This article analyses the connections between the ideas and principles of American city planning from 1920 with those articulated by Brazilian city planners in the 1930s and implemented by the administration of the City of Rio de Janeiro, then the capital of Brazil, notably during the period of the Estado Novo [The New State] from 1937 to 1945. In a period characterized by the centralization of political power and the concentration of decision-making in the hands of the president and the state, the City of Rio de Janeiro undertook a series of restructuring projects which utilized new forms of administration and organization. This article explores the links between urban planning in Brazil and the USA that were a notable feature of these projects. It examines particular requirements set down in city plans, city planning commissions and funding for urban activities, such as 'excess condemnation', by focusing upon articles and books written by four Brazilian engineers and proposals put forward by the American City Planning Institute, detailed in the proceedings of the National Conference on City Planning, in the periodical, City Planning and works by affiliated authors.

  17. City Labs as Vehicles for Innovation in Urban Planning Processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Scholl

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper assesses the role of urban experiments for local planning processes through a case-based analysis of the city lab of Maastricht. In conjunction with this, the article offers three contributions, as additional elements. Firstly, the paper develops a set of defining characteristics of city labs as an analytical concept which is relevant for discussions about (collaborative planning. Secondly, it refines the literature on collaborative planning by drawing attention to experimentation and innovation. Thirdly, the paper assesses the potential of city labs to contribute to the innovation of urban governance. The work draws from the literature on experimentation and learning as well as the literature on collaborative urban planning. In the conclusions, we discuss the potential of city labs as vehicles for learning about new urban planning approaches and their limitations as spaces for small-scale experimentation. The paper is based on research for the URB@Exp research project funded by JPI Urban Europe.

  18. Smart City Planning Can Cut Deadly Diseases, Improve Air Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_161133.html Smart City Planning Can Cut Deadly Diseases, Improve Air ... to shop; availability and safety of bike paths; parking costs; and access to public transportation. Specifically, the ...

  19. The risk city cities countering climate change : emerging planning theories and practices around the world

    CERN Document Server

    Jabareen, Yosef

    2015-01-01

    Contemporary cities face phenomenal risks, and they face particularly high levels of mounting social and environmental risks, including social polarization, urban conflicts, riots, terror, and climate change threats. This book suggests that climate change and its resulting uncertainties challenge the concepts, procedures, and scope of conventional approaches to planning, creating a need to rethink and revise current planning methods. Therefore, this book suggests a paradigm shift in our thinking, interrogation, and planning of our cities. Based on the contemporary conditions of risk at cities

  20. Cities of Slovenia tomorrow according to regional development plans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Kušar

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Regional planning is one of factors that influence the future development of cities. In Slo-venia, regional development plans, which consist of regional development programs and subprograms, are in preparation for the time period that runs up to 2006. These programs shall have an important influence to the future functions of cities, their morphological struc-ture, functional role and social processes within them. Additionally, regional and subregio-nal centres may gain on their importance. Cities of Slovenia shall develop in accor-dance with the paradigm of sustainable development.

  1. Note: The PLEEC Project – Planning for Energy Efficient Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kullman, Mikael; Campillo, Javier; Dahlquist, Erik;

    2016-01-01

    Globally, more than 50% of all people are living in cities today. Enhancing sustainability and efficiency of urban energy systems is thus of high priority for global sustainable development. The European research project PLEEC (Planning for Energy Efficient Cities) focuses on technological......, innovative, behavioural and structural capacities of European medium-sized cities in their transition towards Energy Smart Cities. The variation of strengths and weaknesses of cities’ capabilities as well as practices and tools for enhancing energy efficient performance of urban energy systems were...

  2. City-Level Energy Decision Making. Data Use in Energy Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation in U.S. Cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aznar, Alexandra [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Day, Megan [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Doris, Elizabeth [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Mathur, Shivani [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Donohoo-Vallett, Paul [U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

    2015-07-08

    The Cities-LEAP technical report, City-Level Energy Decision Making: Data Use in Energy Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation in U.S. Cities, explores how a sample of cities incorporates data into making energy-related decisions. This report provides the foundation for forthcoming components of the Cities-LEAP project that will help cities improve energy decision making by mapping specific city energy or climate policies and actions to measurable impacts and results.

  3. Sustainable Land-use Planning of Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>1.IntroductionChina is now amid rapid urbanization,which,no matter in terms of scale or speed,is unprecedented in the human history.The history of urban development shows that the sustainability of a city is actually determined in the early stage of its

  4. Soft Space Planning in Cities unbound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Kristian

    This paper analyses contemporary experiments of building governance capacity in new soft spaces in Denmark through processes of spatial strategy-making. The paper argues that new soft spaces are emerging in Danish spatial planning, which set out to promote more effective forms of strategic spatial...... of critical questions about whether the normative arguments in the soft space literature are unfounded, or whether the significance of soft spaces is simply overrated in the planning literature. Furthermore, it is argued that critical attention needs to be paid to the prevalence of soft spaces in spatial...... planning, and how their obsession with promoting economic development at the expense of wider planning responsibilities support contemporary neoliberal transformations of strategic spatial planning....

  5. Strategic Planning Approaches for Creating Resilient Cities: A Case Study on Hangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu; Dan; Hua; Chen

    2015-01-01

    In the twenty-first century, the population in China will be increasingly urbanized – focusing the sustainability challenge on cities and raising new challenges to address the urban resilience capacity. During the past two decades, China’s urban policies are state institution-directed, growth-oriented, and land-based, imposing unprecedented challenges on sustainability. Strengthening the capacity of cities to manage resilience appears to be a key factor for cities to effectively pursue sustainable development. The aim of this paper is to explore strategic planning approaches for creating resilient cities in China through a study on Hangzhou City in an integrated framework. Firstly, the paper gives a systematic insight into the structure of Hangzhou City. Secondly, the development trajectory of the urban system is analyzed to understand how the past has shaped the present and to get a broader perspective on its evolution. Thirdly, scenario planning is conducted to explore the adaptive capacity of Hangzhou City under different future conditions. At last, having analyzed the past, present, and future of the urban system, the paper discusses the strategies for resilient planning, which helps to identify factors and trends that might enhance or inhabit the adaptability.

  6. City planning and population health: a global challenge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giles-Corti, Billie; Vernez-Moudon, Anne; Reis, Rodrigo; Turrell, Gavin; Dannenberg, Andrew L; Badland, Hannah; Foster, Sarah; Lowe, Melanie; Sallis, James F; Stevenson, Mark; Owen, Neville

    2016-12-10

    Significant global health challenges are being confronted in the 21st century, prompting calls to rethink approaches to disease prevention. A key part of the solution is city planning that reduces non-communicable diseases and road trauma while also managing rapid urbanisation. This Series of papers considers the health impacts of city planning through transport mode choices. In this, the first paper, we identify eight integrated regional and local interventions that, when combined, encourage walking, cycling, and public transport use, while reducing private motor vehicle use. These interventions are destination accessibility, equitable distribution of employment across cities, managing demand by reducing the availability and increasing the cost of parking, designing pedestrian-friendly and cycling-friendly movement networks, achieving optimum levels of residential density, reducing distance to public transport, and enhancing the desirability of active travel modes (eg, creating safe attractive neighbourhoods and safe, affordable, and convenient public transport). Together, these interventions will create healthier and more sustainable compact cities that reduce the environmental, social, and behavioural risk factors that affect lifestyle choices, levels of traffic, environmental pollution, noise, and crime. The health sector, including health ministers, must lead in advocating for integrated multisector city planning that prioritises health, sustainability, and liveability outcomes, particularly in rapidly changing low-income and middle-income countries. We recommend establishing a set of indicators to benchmark and monitor progress towards achievement of more compact cities that promote health and reduce health inequities.

  7. Biased selection in Twin Cities health plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowd, B; Feldman, R

    1985-01-01

    The data in Tables 1 through 4 show significant differences in the enrollment of higher health-related financial risk individuals and their families among health plans. FFS enrollees are older and exhibit more chronic illness on average. IPAs enroll a greater proportion of females than do PGP or FFS plans. PGPs and IPAs do not differ significantly in the age and chronic illness of their enrollees, but IPAs enroll a significantly greater proportion of females than do PGPs. The age difference between FFS and prepaid plans appears to be greater for long-term enrollees. The same pattern is true of chronic illness, but the results are often not statistically significant. We do not have time-series data, however, and cannot conclude that future comparisons among long-term enrollees will remains as they are now. In any care our data do not support the hypothesis that biased selection is a short-term problem that will be corrected as the population in prepaid plans ages. Our data contain a cross-section of environments for health plans in firms: long- and short-term offerings, long- and short-term enrollees, high and low out-of-pocket premium costs, etc. Our strongest results are the simplest: across all plans and environments there are significant differences in enrollee characteristics. These differences would not be inefficient if all groups paid actuarially fair premiums. However, mandatory offering and community-rating allow prepaid plans to enroll a younger population with less chronic illness and to maintain an information asymmetry that prevents employers and employees from determining--either prior to or following enrollment--the relationship of the prepaid plan's premium to its marginal cost.

  8. A City for All Citizens: Integrating Children and Youth from Marginalized Populations into City Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willem Van Vliet

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Socially just, intergenerational urban spaces should not only accommodate children and adolescents, but engage them as participants in the planning and design of welcoming spaces. With this goal, city agencies in Boulder, Colorado, the Boulder Valley School District, the Children, Youth and Environments Center at the University of Colorado, and a number of community organizations have been working in partnership to integrate young people’s ideas and concerns into the redesign of parks and civic areas and the identification of issues for city planning. Underlying their work is a commitment to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and children’s rights to active citizenship from a young age. This paper describes approaches used to engage with young people and methods of participation, and reflects on lessons learned about how to most effectively involve youth from underrepresented populations and embed diverse youth voices into the culture of city planning.

  9. Rehabilitating camp cities : community driven planning for urbanised refugee camps

    OpenAIRE

    Misselwitz, Philipp

    2009-01-01

    Focussing on Palestine refugee camps in the Near East, this dissertation aims to shed light on the potential relevance of urban planning to refugee camp environments worldwide. In particular, there is a focus on the role architects and urban planners can play in facilitating participatory planning processes as well as providing guidance and expertise in the development of a spatial vision for Camp Cities. Part I - The Urbanisation of Refugee Camps as a Global Challenge The first part o...

  10. Evaluating of Mashhad urban development plans from compact city viewpoint

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad rahim Rahnama

    2013-01-01

    There are many problems especially in large cities due to producing of urban development plans in different time, on the other hand; changing traditional to strategies approach is other reason for creating today problems. Therefore, one of the main factors of sustainability development principles is smart growth by emphasis on compactly. Mashhad metropolitan need, presentation sustainable development pattern in urban development plans due to complex structure and important position. Due to, ...

  11. Transformation of a city resident into prosumer in the process of the city development strategic planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.I. Karyy

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to select the optimal level of citizens participation in city development strategic planning and to suggest the role that citizens can play in the development of public services for them. The paper analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of citizens participation into the designing of a strategic plan for city development, as well as determines the desired level of such participation and identifies a new role that can be played by the inhabitants in the of process of the city development strategic plan creation. There were done the survey of employees of local self-governments from 107 cities of all Ukraine’s regions, conducted through questionnaires and focus groups. Results of surveys and discussions are compared with current theories of local development and marketing managing. The results of the analysis shows that the current level of informational technologies development in Ukraine, social and political situation in small and middle cities create opportunities to transform citizens from passive observers into prosumers. Urban development must ensure «civilized society» for their residents that is one which demonstrates rather high level of welfare, culture, education and technological development. The concept of «civilization» declare the ability to make decisions concerning the person’s present and future and community, of which he or she is a member. If city residents can not influence the actions of local authorities, to participate directly in local government, it cannot be said that they live in a civilized society. In modern scientific literature and journalism instead of the term «civilized society» in this sense is often used the term «civil society». Political scientists and sociologists actively explore issues of converting the inhabitants of European cities in conscious socially active citizens, with their distinct social position. Of course, increasing social

  12. Sustainable and Smart City Planning Using Spatial Data in Wallonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenne, N.; Beaumont, B.; Hallot, E.; Wolff, E.; Poelmans, L.; Baltus, C.

    2016-09-01

    Simulating population distribution and land use changes in space and time offer opportunities for smart city planning. It provides a holistic and dynamic vision of fast changing urban environment to policy makers. Impacts, such as environmental and health risks or mobility issues, of policies can be assessed and adapted consequently. In this paper, we suppose that "Smart" city developments should be sustainable, dynamic and participative. This paper addresses these three smart objectives in the context of urban risk assessment in Wallonia, Belgium. The sustainable, dynamic and participative solution includes (i) land cover and land use mapping using remote sensing and GIS, (ii) population density mapping using dasymetric mapping, (iii) predictive modelling of land use changes and population dynamics and (iv) risk assessment. The comprehensive and long-term vision of the territory should help to draw sustainable spatial planning policies, to adapt remote sensing acquisition, to update GIS data and to refine risk assessment from regional to city scale.

  13. Family Planning for Inner-City Adolescent Males: Pilot Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reis, Janet; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Describes a pilot family planning program in an inner-city pediatric practice. Male adolescents were more likely to accept contraceptives if the provider first raised the topic of birth control to them. Identified a desire for anonymity/confidentiality and embarrassment or discomfort as the key reasons for not seeking contraceptives. Emphasizes…

  14. Geothermal energy systems plan for Boise City

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-01-01

    This is a plan for development of a downtown Boise geothermal district space heating system incorporating legal, engineering, organizational, geological, and economic requirements. Topics covered include: resource characteristics, system design and feasibility, economic feasibility, legal overview, organizational alternatives, and conservation. Included in appendices are: property ownership patterns on the Boise Front, existing hot well data, legal briefs, environmental data, decision point communications, typical building heating system retrofit schematics, and background assumptions and data for cost summary. (MHR)

  15. City and Energy Infrastructures between Economic Processes and Urban Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Mazzeo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the issues related to the relationship between city, energy, economic factors and city planning. These issues are analyzed from a theoretical point of view and are placed in a logical path based on three assumptions. The first considers the city as an intelligent system constantly evolving. The second considers the city as a system where economic processes come out at their highest level affecting other aspects of social and urban structure. The third considers the planning as the weak link in the process of urban development, one of the most exposed to economic and social pressures.Energy production has experienced a great progress since steam and electricity were discovered. Each stage of this evolution has affected city and territory introducing significant physical signs, changing the ways of carrying out functions and creating new needs and new activities. The energy revolution, based on sustainable sources and on skillful management of the networks, will strongly affect the city and the way of organizing the activities, their location, dimension, and the shape of the spaces.The paper explores some of the issues related to the relationship between urban system and energy.The first section analyzes the meaning of the intelligent city as an entity that is constantly changing and constantly adapting. The second section analyzes the role of the energy systems in the evolution of the activities and of the city’s image. The last section investigates the role of the economic factors in the evolution of the shape and meaning of city, pointing out that the way towards smart and green urban systems will largely depend on their economic advantage. 

  16. Conservation for cities how to plan and build natural infrastructure

    CERN Document Server

    McDonald, Robert I

    2015-01-01

    With this book, Robert McDonald offers a comprehensive framework for maintaining and strengthening the supporting bonds between cities and nature through innovative infrastructure projects. It's time to think differently about cities and nature. More people than ever live in cities, and all of this urban growth, along with challenges of adapting to climate change, will require a new approach to infrastructure if we're going to create livable urban places. After presenting a broad approach to incorporating natural infrastructure priorities into urban planning, he focuses each following chapter on a specific ecosystem service. He describes a wide variety of benefits, and helps practitioners answer fundamental questions about how to use natural infrastructure to create communities that are more resilient and livable.

  17. Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Planning in African Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Gertrud; Herslund, Lise Byskov; Lund, Dorthe Hedensted

    2014-01-01

    beginning to be aware of the task, and some time will pass before it is integrated into mainstream urban governance. This chapter is based on work in progress. It covers urban governance and planning aspects of climate change adaptation as studied in the CLUVA project (CLimate change and Urban Vulnerability......Resilience of urban structures towards impacts of a changing climate is one of the emerging tasks that cities all over the world are facing at present. Effects of climate change take many forms, depending on local climate, spatial patterns, and socioeconomic structures. Cities are only just...... in Africa), as well as some experiences from Denmark. Focus is on the responses and capacities of urban authorities, strengths and weaknesses of the efforts, data needs and possible ways forward. The chapter concludes that many adaptation activities are taking place in the CLUVA case cities...

  18. Spatial Planning in Perspective of Good Governance (A Study on Analysis of Spatial Planning in Batu City as a Tourism City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Retno Wulan Sekarsari

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Spatial planning is an effort to improve the welfare of the community and to ensure environmental sustainability by taking into account the comparative advantages in an area and minimizing the development gap by reducing slums, and poor and underdeveloped areas. Regional Spatial Planning Policy is a kind of policy product to control the level of environmental damage and the disorganized development and growth in a city or regency. The role of Batu City Government is to realize Batu City space that is safe, comfortable, productive and sustainable as a superior agropolitan city and tourism city in East Java Province. This article utilized Good Governance Perspective and System Theory to analyze the formulation of Regional Spatial Planning Policy in Batu City. This article firstly explained about tourism development, and secondly described the authority and responsibility of stakeholders in spatial planning formulation. The third part clarified good governance perspective on spatial planning in Batu City and analyzed supporting and inhibiting factors in spatial planning formulation in Batu City. The findings showed that only some actors and factors had strong influence over the formulation of Regional Spatial Planning Policy. Keywords: Good Governace, Governace Perspective, Spatial Planning, Tourism City, Batu City

  19. Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Planning in African Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Gertrud; Herslund, Lise Byskov; Lund, Dorthe Hedensted;

    2014-01-01

    beginning to be aware of the task, and some time will pass before it is integrated into mainstream urban governance. This chapter is based on work in progress. It covers urban governance and planning aspects of climate change adaptation as studied in the CLUVA project (CLimate change and Urban Vulnerability...... in Africa), as well as some experiences from Denmark. Focus is on the responses and capacities of urban authorities, strengths and weaknesses of the efforts, data needs and possible ways forward. The chapter concludes that many adaptation activities are taking place in the CLUVA case cities......, but that they need integration at city level to form strategic adaptation plans. A combined rational and pragmatic approach is advisable as is involvement of stakeholders in the production of relevant knowledge...

  20. Eco and Green cities as new approaches for planning and developing cities in Egy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hosam K. El Ghorab

    2016-03-01

    This paper will introduce the first practice in planning and developing Green and Eco new city in Egypt (located at Eastern Desert, Sohaj governorate, on the corridor of Upper Egypt⧹Red Sea, including elaboration of its urban structure, land use and its green systems which produce most of its needed infrastructure (specially electricity power network, integrated sewage and solid waste management systems without making any pressures on the national and local existing infrastructure systems. Finally, the paper will conclude lessons learned from the introduced practice, and present recommendations to improve Egyptian cities and make it more sustainable.

  1. Evaluating of Mashhad urban development plans from compact city viewpoint

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad rahim Rahnama

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available There are many problems especially in large cities due to producing of urban development plans in different time, on the other hand; changing traditional to strategies approach is other reason for creating today problems. Therefore, one of the main factors of sustainability development principles is smart growth by emphasis on compactly. Mashhad metropolitan need, presentation sustainable development pattern in urban development plans due to complex structure and important position. Due to, are prepared development plans in various times, should be adapted with sustainable development principles and compact city indicators. In this research at first were studied indicators of smart growth pattern, after that was evaluated development and comprehensive plans based on these principles. Finding of research show, although there is mentioned viewpoint in urban development plans but haven’t succeeded in order to achieving smart growth. On the other hand, Mashhad Middle West area is one of the main districts that smart growth principles are nearly, but it isn’t success completely.

  2. Urban planning for healthy cities. A review of the progress of the European Healthy Cities Programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Hugh; Grant, Marcus

    2013-10-01

    The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the progress made by European cities in relation to Healthy Urban Planning (HUP) during Phase IV of the World Health Organization's Healthy Cities programme (2003-2008). The introduction sets out the general principle of HUP, identifying three levels or phases of health and planning integration. This leads on to a more specific analysis of the processes and substance of HUP, which provide criteria for assessment of progress. The assessment itself relies on two sources of data provided by the municipalities: the Annual Review Templates (ARTs) 2008 and the response to the Phase IV General Evaluation Questionnaire. The findings indicate that the evidence from different sources and questions in different sections are encouragingly consistent. The number of cities achieving a good level of understanding and activity in HUP has risen very substantially over the period. In particular, those achieving effective strategic integration of health and planning have increased. A key challenge for the future will be to develop planning frameworks which advance public health concerns in a spatial policy context driven often by market forces. A health in all policies approach could be valuable.

  3. Transport policy-making and planning Javanese cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dimitriou, H.

    1995-12-31

    Based on findings of field studies in five Javanese cities in Indonesia, this paper looks at a hierarchy of settlements and investigates what aspects of urban development and the transport sector most influences transport policy-making and planning in the country. The paper highlights the presence of a community hierarchy within these settlements with consonant trip-making patterns and the widespread mis-use of certain transport modes. The paper cross-relates observed transport problems and policy issues diagnosed from the five Javanese cities with an earlier prepared national agenda of urban transport policy issues and problems. This is done with a view to arriving at more sensitive policy and planning responses nationwide for cities of different kinds in Indonesia. The paper commences with an explanation of the settlement hierarchy and community structure employed by Indonesian government planners. An attempt is then made to relate this hierarchy and structure to the five cities studied. Within this context, factors affecting urban transport are discussed and tabulated against the above cities settlement hierarchy. These include aspects of: settlement size, structure and area; settlement development policy, urban for, density and topography; and travel and transport characteristics. An attempt is made to match this settlement hierarchy (and its constituent community structure) with a conceptualized hierarchy of transport modes, simultaneously investigating: the relationship between urban communities and assigned road hierarchies; community-based travel demand and trip-making characteristics; and the relationship between travel, speed and distance. From this an assessment is made of the performance and current use and mis-use of such transport modes.

  4. Plan for city identity establishment and city marketing the case of Kimpo city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Inn

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to provide theoretical methods and practical strategies of crea-ting city identity, and to utilize them as basic tools of city management. Place marketing consists of two parts, place assets making and place promotion. Place asset making is the process of making the place-specific advantage or attractiveness and the place promotion is the process that makes notice of it. The place marketing debates and strategies is quite often confined to partial place marketing, the search for the tactical method of place promotion. However, this study examines the characteristics of full place marketing focused on the place making such as the background, concept, category, participants and principles of place making. This study finds out that the originality, specificity, and indispensability of place asset is the source of competitive advantage. The principles of place asset making are participation, learning and experience, and leadership and networks among actors. The policy implication of this study is that it is most important for the success of place marke-ting to make competitive assets and eventual city identity.

  5. Sustainable winter cities: Future directions for planning, policy and design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pressman, Norman E. P.

    Attempts to generate a "climate-responsive" northern urban form are part of a relatively recent phenomenon and field of investigation. In conjunction with the international "winter cities" movement, the need has been established for explicit, systematic inquiry directed toward national and local action to improve the comfort and lifestyles of all northern inhabitants. It is important to recognize that winter-induced discomforts exist and that they must be acknowledged in planning theory and practice. For northern cities to function more satisfactorily, the negative impacts of winter must be reduced while its beneficial characteristics are enhanced. While not all summer activities can or should be abandoned during winter, proper micro-climatic control is essential if human life is to be retained outside. The outdoor season should be extended since so much indoor isolation occurs. The main principles to be incorporated in exemplary "winter city" design should be contact with nature, year-round usability, user participation, cultural continuity, and the creation of comfortable micro-climatic conditions throughout much of the city's open spaces. All valuable sources of inspiration must be harnessed in the attempt to mediate between organic regionalism and internationalism, on the one hand, and romanticism and pragmatic realism, on the other. Creating optimum conditions for human well-being, habitation, work and intellectual development in each of the four seasons is vital under harsh environments. Adopting a climate-sensitive approach to planning policy and urban design can render everyday life less stressful, especially during the lengthy winter periods found in many northern latitude and high altitude settings.

  6. Plan for city identity establishment and city marketing - the case of Kimpo city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Inn

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to provide theoretical methods and practical strategies of creatingcity identity, and to utilize them as basic tools of city management. Place marketingconsists of two parts, place assets making and place promotion. Place asset making is theprocess of making the place-specific advantage or attractiveness and the place promotion isthe process that makes notice of it. The place marketing debates and strategies is quite oftenconfined to partial place marketing, the search for the tactical method of place promotion.However, this study examines the characteristics of full place marketing focused on theplace making such as the background, concept, category, participants and principles ofplace making. This study finds out that the originality, specificity, and indispensability ofplace asset is the source of competitive advantage. The principles of place asset making areparticipation, learning and experience, and leadership and networks among actors. Thepolicy implication of this study is that it is most important for the success of place marketingto make competitive assets and eventual city identity.

  7. City-Level Energy Decision Making: Data Use in Energy Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation in U.S. Cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aznar, Alexandra [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Day, Megan [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Doris, Elizabeth [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Mathur, Shivani [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Donohoo-Vallett, Paul [US Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

    2015-07-01

    The report analyzes and presents information learned from a sample of 20 cities across the United States, from New York City to Park City, Utah, including a diverse sample of population size, utility type, region, annual greenhouse gas reduction targets, vehicle use, and median household income. The report compares climate, sustainability, and energy plans to better understand where cities are taking energy-related actions and how they are measuring impacts. Some common energy-related goals focus on reducing city-wide carbon emissions, improving energy efficiency across sectors, increasing renewable energy, and increasing biking and walking.

  8. Urban Planning in riverfront areas. A case study of a mediterranean city: Terrassa (Catalonia, NE Spain)

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Since 1980, Spain has introduced urban regeneration plans in various cities with the aim of integrating the river environment into the urban system. This process has proved most challenging in cities whose rivers present extreme features, as is the case with Terrassa (Catalonia, NE Spain), a medium-sized city (215,000 inhabitants in 2013) whose three river courses are prone to flash flooding. Through the critical analysis of urban planning undertaken in the city from the fifties to the presen...

  9. The Role of Tourism in Planning the Smart City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Anna La Rocca

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The article starts from the consideration that tourism, for the size it has assumed and for its role in the economies, can be considered an "urban phenomenon"; as such, it needs adequate governance processes, politics and tools in order to reduce impacts on the organization of cities and urban livability in general. The emerging paradigm of “Smart City” is an opportunity to reconsider the current mechanisms of government and planning of the cities, but it needs a holistic approach that goes beyond the one applied per parts that still seems to prevail in the declination of the components of urban smartness (economy, mobility, environment, people, living, governance. At present, the technological component seems to prevail probably due to the ease of diffusion of the instruments, rather than an innovation of the processes. Promotion initiatives seems to concentrate exclusively on the city branding, rather than on initiatives to make cities able to support an additional urban load expressed by the tourism demand. Yet, potentialities of the application of new technologies could strengthen the decisional role in defining adequate urban policies to manage urban tourism and to optimize urban supply of services and facilities. However, at present, urban smartness for tourism seems to be concentrated on the amount of apps available to enhance the use of specific resources or, more rarely, of the urban mobility systems. Both the “big data” and the “open data” revolution, in Italy, do not yet seem to have achieved the hoped results, and the availability of data to allow appropriate management actions, is still one of the main difficulties for those involved in the analysis and quantification of the phenomenon. In addition, the numerous rankings on urban smartness refer to the prevalence of one component on the others, failing to consider the complexity of the urban system and of tourism, in particular. With these premises, the article tries to

  10. A greedy-navigator approach to navigable city plans

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Sang Hoon

    2012-01-01

    We use a set of four theoretical navigability indices for street maps to investigate the shape of the resulting street networks, if they are grown by optimizing these indices. The indices compare the performance of simulated navigators (having a partial information about the surroundings, like humans in many real situations) to the performance of optimally navigating individuals. We show that our simple greedy shortcut construction strategy generates the emerging structures that are different from real road network, but not inconceivable. The resulting city plans, for all navigation indices, share common qualitative properties such as the tendency for triangular blocks to appear, while the more quantitative features, such as degree distributions and clustering, are characteristically different depending on the type of metrics and routing strategies. We show that it is the type of metrics used which determines the overall shapes characterized by structural heterogeneity, but the routing schemes contribute to m...

  11. 3 CFR - Mexico City Policy and Assistance for Voluntary Population Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 3 The President 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Mexico City Policy and Assistance for Voluntary Population Planning Presidential Documents Other Presidential Documents Memorandum of January 23, 2009 Mexico City Policy and Assistance for Voluntary Population Planning Memorandum for the Secretary of State...

  12. The evolving urban planning The Case of The City of Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadi Sabari Yunus

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This article is to present the changing urban plans of the city of Yogyakarta and their impacts on its physical appearance. An intensive study of extensive materials is carried out in the library and governmental institutions particularly, the regional planning board of the city of Yogyakarta. By comparing the earlier simplest plan, to the recent one, a pronounced development of the respective plan can be detected. There were five types of Yogyakarta's plan i.e. Mangkubumi's Plan, Thomas Karsten's Plan, Putuhena's Plan, Purbodiningrat's Plan and the present plan which will be reviewed here. Some conclusions are particularly directed toward the present plan because this one is not more than a synthesis of the previous plans and the inputs are expected in order to be used for further elaboration

  13. Evaluation report I: conservation evaluation plan. [Seattle City Light

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-01-01

    This volume, the first of a two-volume report on conservation evaluation, contains the Conservation Office's evaluation plan as of January 1979. It sets forth the rationale, scope, and direction which will guide the evaluation of City Light's conservation effort during 1979. The contents include: the Project Evaluation Research Reports (an investigation into evaluation theory and literature, an adaptation of that theory to conservation project evaluation, and a sample evaluation); the Project Evaluation Report Format (a guideline for the preparation of Evaluation Reports for conservation projects); the Project Evaluation Report Schedule (a timetable for the completion of Evaluation Reports for individual projects in 1979); the Project Evaluation Data Collection and Analysis Plans (guidelines for obtaining and analyzing data that will be used to evaluate each project); a Draft Scope of Work for the Evaluation Consultant RFP (a description of the assistance to be obtained in evaluation from an experienced consultant); and a Memorandum on Conservation Program Evaluation (a discussion of the directions that calculation of total electrical energy savings is likely to take).

  14. Urban planning and vector control in Southeast Asian cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Y S

    1994-12-01

    A large and growing proportion of the population in many Southeast Asian cities live in slums and squatter settlements and they suffer from excessive exposure to insect and rodent vectors which transmit disease from one host to another. In such settlements, the quality of life, which is poor anyway, is made even worse by the high incidence of vector-borne diseases. Vector proliferation in high-density, low-income urban settlements is the consequence of a number of factors, such as lack of adequate housing, water supply, sanitation, drainage, and solid waste management facilities. There is an urgent need to rethink intersectoral and integrated approaches to the design and planning of healthy urban environments, covering such matters as basic infrastructure and services, urban land use planning and waste management, health-promoting housing and architecture, and the control of all other factors that determine human health and well-being. With cooperation between and among the communities, local governments, and nongovernmental organizations as the basis, the installation of low-cost sanitation and drainage systems, the organization of collection services for the disposal of garbage, the provision of house screening and other protective measures, and the removal of breeding sites can greatly reduce the threat of most urban vectors.

  15. Creative city: A new challenge of strategic urban planning?

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    ‘Sustainable’ city, ‘entrepreneurial’ city, ‘smart’ city, ‘normal’ city are some of the most popular characterisations given to cities by urban planners in their attempt to configure the necessary development features of contemporary urban space. The aim of these characteristics is the combination of the factors that a ‘successful’ city should have: good conditions for residents providing them with job opportunities and leisure activities, promotion of culture, and respons...

  16. Health Aspects of Climate Change in Cities with Mediterranean Climate, and Local Adaptation Plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paz, Shlomit; Negev, Maya; Clermont, Alexandra; Green, Manfred S.

    2016-01-01

    Cities with a Mediterranean-type climate (Med-cities) are particularly susceptible to health risks from climate change since they are located in biogeographical hot-spots that experience some of the strongest effects of the changing climate. The study aims to highlight health impacts of climate change in Med-cities, analyze local climate adaptation plans and make adaptation policy recommendations for the Med-city level. We identified five Med-cities with a climate change adaptation plan: Adelaide, Barcelona, Cape Town, Los Angeles and Santiago. Beyond their similar Med-climate features (although Santiago’s are slightly different), the cities have different socio-economic characteristics in various aspects. We analyzed each plan according to how it addresses climate change-related drivers of health impacts among city dwellers. For each driver, we identified the types of policy adaptation tools that address it in the urban climate adaptation plans. The surveyed cities address most of the fundamental climate change-related drivers of risks to human health, including rising temperatures, flooding and drought, but the policy measures to reduce negative impacts vary across cities. We suggest recommendations for Med-cities in various aspects, depending on their local needs and vulnerability challenges: assessment of health risks, extreme events management and long-term adaptation, among others. PMID:27110801

  17. Health Aspects of Climate Change in Cities with Mediterranean Climate, and Local Adaptation Plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paz, Shlomit; Negev, Maya; Clermont, Alexandra; Green, Manfred S

    2016-04-21

    Cities with a Mediterranean-type climate (Med-cities) are particularly susceptible to health risks from climate change since they are located in biogeographical hot-spots that experience some of the strongest effects of the changing climate. The study aims to highlight health impacts of climate change in Med-cities, analyze local climate adaptation plans and make adaptation policy recommendations for the Med-city level. We identified five Med-cities with a climate change adaptation plan: Adelaide, Barcelona, Cape Town, Los Angeles and Santiago. Beyond their similar Med-climate features (although Santiago's are slightly different), the cities have different socio-economic characteristics in various aspects. We analyzed each plan according to how it addresses climate change-related drivers of health impacts among city dwellers. For each driver, we identified the types of policy adaptation tools that address it in the urban climate adaptation plans. The surveyed cities address most of the fundamental climate change-related drivers of risks to human health, including rising temperatures, flooding and drought, but the policy measures to reduce negative impacts vary across cities. We suggest recommendations for Med-cities in various aspects, depending on their local needs and vulnerability challenges: assessment of health risks, extreme events management and long-term adaptation, among others.

  18. Annual Conference of China City Planning 2012 & First Meeting of Second Editorial Board of China City Planning Review Held in Kunmin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIAN Fang

    2012-01-01

    <正>On Oct. 17, 2012, the Annual Conferenceof China City Planning 2012 that was cohosted by Urban Planning Society of China (UPSC) and Kunming Municipal Government, in collaboration with the Department of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of Yunnan, and sponsored by Kunming Planning Bureau was launched in Yunnan Convention Center, with the theme of "Di-versity and Inclusiveness" WANG Guang-tao, Chairman of Environment Protection and Resources Conservation

  19. A Study on History of Early Modern City Planning of Qingdao (1891-1949)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Once a traditional fishing village, Qingdao was developed into a city by the Qing Government to serve the need for coastal defense. The process was later accelerated due to the introduction of city planning by German colonizers. The city’s planning and urban construction was changed many times in early modern times, dominated by different administrative bodies and proceeding independently from other cities. After 58 years of planning and construction from 1891 to 1949, Qingdao has developed into a large city with integral style and seaport features. Based on an abundance of historical materials, this paper discusses the three major historical stages and seven development phases of Qingdao’s urban planning in the early modern times, as well as the planning content and characteristics of each stage.

  20. UMTRA Project water sampling and analysis plan, Salt Lake City, Utah. Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    This water sampling and analysis plan describes planned, routine ground water sampling activities at the US Department of Energy Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project site in Salt Lake City, Utah. This plan identifies and justifies sampling locations, analytical parameters, detection limits, and sampling frequencies for routine monitoring of ground water, sediments, and surface waters at monitoring stations on the site.

  1. Study on Promotion of City Public Security and Improvement of City Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>1. Problems existing in city publicsecurity The city public security (CPS) refers tothe security guarantee provided and led by governments for the people, property,as well as important lifeline systems of

  2. Planning for sustainability in China's urban development: status and challenges for Dongtan eco-city project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Hefa; Hu, Yuanan

    2010-01-01

    With the rapid urbanization in China, the country faces significant challenges in sustainable urban development and actively explores novel ways to expand urban areas while conserving natural resources. Radical changes in city planning are being made to switch to sustainable development, with new cities being designed to be ecologically friendly guided by principles like carbon neutrality and self-sufficiency. This paper introduces the development of the Dongtan eco-city project on Chongming Island, Shanghai and describes how it addresses issues including energy, water, waste, transportation, ecosystem, and social and economic development in its design. The lessons and challenges of eco-city development based on the Dongtan experience are also discussed. If the vision of a zero-carbon emissions sustainable city is successfully realized, Dongtan will serve as a model for developing similar cities across China and the rest of the developing world. Currently, the development of this project is behind schedule and whether the eco-city plan will materialize or not is in question. Even though the project remains mostly on the drawing boards, the planning and preliminary development of Dongtan eco-city have generated significant enthusiasm for green buildings and influenced plans for other sustainable urban development projects in China.

  3. The Role of Regional Strategies in Sustainable Development: The Approach of City Plan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Polat

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In the world economy and development, understanding changes are occurring, with the EU integration process of developments and understanding of planning priorities when considered as together, "city" scale development approach and an appropriate planning system, that is the basis of Turkey`s administrative division and the national management system, should be improved self-rises. To reduce disparities among regions to an acceptable level and development of relatively underdeveloped regions and cities, naturally, a development and planning system even starting from the city and province levels, is required. In today's sustainable understanding and evolution tools, burden important functions to local units, as "participation" in the foreground stands out in the stages of planning and execution of the development strategies. Regional and city development plans and strategies as the center of rapid and balanced development dynamics are sensitive to local needs and local initiatives are required in being a trigger level. The study is done with Goal Directed Project Management methodology, and in the study city level taken as an example of city scale development approach and an appropriate planning system.

  4. Ankara Historic City Centre Restoration Site Conservation Plan, its Characteristics, and Rationales for its Revocation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Tuncer

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This is a comprehensive evaluation of the 1: 5000 Ankara Historic City Centre Restoration Site Conservation Master Development Plan and the 1: 1000 Conservation Implementation Plans, which have become a matter of litigation against the Ankara Metropolitan Municipality, filed by various non-governmental organizations, universities, the Union of Chambers of Turkish Architects and Engineers (TMMOB and public institutions; in terms of the environment, transportation and traffic as regards the entirety of the planned location, and the integrity of the plan, based on conservation-reclamation planning essentials and public interest. Thus the Ulus Ankara Historic City Centre Restoration Site Conservation Master Development and Implementation Plan and Plan Notes as ratified by the Ankara Metropolitan Municipality and Conservation Board, are examined in this context in terms of restoration site, protected site, conservation site, interaction and transition sites and historic and cultural properties.

  5. European Healthy City Network Phase V: patterns emerging for healthy urban planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Marcus

    2015-06-01

    There is a tradition of planning cities and their infrastructure to successfully tackle communicable disease arising from urban development. Non-communicable disease follows a different course. Development brings in its wake a basket of adverse health and health equity outcomes that are proving difficult to tackle. In response, within Phase V of the European Healthy Cities Network, municipalities have implemented a range of policy and physical interventions using a settings approach. Owing to the time lag between physical interventions and health outcomes, this research interrogates city activity itself to develop better understanding. Self-reported city case studies and questionnaire data were analysed to reveal patterns using an inductive approach. Findings indicate that some categories of intervention, such as whole city planning and transport, have a systemic impact across the wider determinants of health. Addressing transferability and stakeholder understanding helped cities create conditions for successful outcomes. Cities had varying urban development approaches for tackling climate change. Improvements to current practice are discussed, including; a distinction between supply side and demand side in healthy urban planning; valuing co-benefits and developing integrative approaches to the evidence-base. This evaluative article is important for cities wanting to learn how to maximize benefits to public health through urban development and for researchers exploring, with a systemic approach, the experiences of European cities acting at the interface of urban development and public health. This article also provides recommendations for future phases of the WHO European Healthy Cities programme, posing questions to better address governance and equity in spatial planning.

  6. Energy-Integrating Master Plan for the City of Atlantic City, New Jersey: energy conservation element. Volume 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-11-01

    The Master Plan describes a coordinated energy-conservation effort for the City, the effective application and ultimate success of which depend primarily on the active involvement of the City government and its functional departments. Following an introductory section, Section XXI, Community Energy Determinants, describes the natural and man-made environment, growth and energy profiles, and the institutional environment. Additional sections are entitled: Energy-Conservation Options (passive energy options and active energy-conservation options); Energy Integration; Community Energy Management; Energy-Conservation Implementation Plan; and an appendix containing an energy-related glossary, a directory to various sources of information on energy conservation, various technical documents, a copy of the National Energy Act, and a bibliography. (MCW)

  7. Urban planning practices for bikeable cities - the case of Copenhagen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Thomas Alexander Sick; Skov-Petersen, Hans; Agervig Carstensen, Trine

    2013-01-01

    Cities are increasingly looking to cycling as a means to promote sustainability, liveability, and public health. Denmark is one of the European countries where cycling has remained significant – even in the motor age, and national strategies now aim to support and further increase cycling...

  8. Sustainable cities: challenges of an integrated planning approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijkamp, Peter; Geenhuizen, van Marina

    1995-01-01

    This paper will identify specific planning conditions that arise when planning aims at sustainable development. First, attention will be paid tosocio-ethical attitudes toward sustainability issues and to the reasons why much of the sustainability debate deserves an urban focus. Then, specificplannin

  9. Planning and design of a green city in Kaixian for population relocation of Three Gorges Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZENG Wei; JIANG Jia-long; John KOCH-SCHULTE; Neol LEE

    2008-01-01

    We describe the green space system planning and design of a new Kaixian City for migrants in the Three Gorges Reservoir area of P.R.China. The goal of the project was to provide a high quality settlement for migrants relocated from the old Kaixian City that had a history of over one thousand years and from other places with different traditional cultures. Our efforts focused on conceiving affordable strategies to increase green areas, improve waterfront landscapes, deal with water level fluctuation,integrate diverse folk cultures, and encourage bicycling as an environmentally-friendly form of urban transportation.The new city is anticipated to benefit from the green space systems with an improved eco-environment, enriched tourism resources, cheap landscaping costs, relief from traffic pressure, and in other ways. The planning philosophies employed could be useful in the engineering and construction of other cities in the Three Gorges Reservoir area.

  10. Planning support concept to implementation of sustainable parking development projects in ancient Mediterranean cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikša Jajac

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a planning support concept (PSC to implementation of sustainable parking development projects (SPDP in ancient Mediterranean cities. It is conceptualized by the logic of decision support systems and a multicriteria analysis approach. The purpose of the concept is to support setting of implementation priorities for subprojects (construction of new and/or improvement of existing parking within a SPDP. Analysing the existing and a planned state of parking within the city a goal tree is established. Subprojects are defined accordingly. Objectives from the last hierarchy level within the goal tree are used as criteria for assessment of defined subprojects. Representatives of stakeholders provided criteria weights by application of AHP and SAW methods. PROMETHEE II was used for priority ranking and PROMETHEE V ensured a definition of project’s implementation phases. The result of the presented concept is the implementation plan for such projects. The concept is tested on the city of Trogir.

  11. Exploring Dynamic Maintenance of Detailed Control Planning in Central City of Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Because the understanding of urban development principles is a continuously deepening process,the Detailed Control Planning(DCP) also needs to be improved in the implementation process.For many years,the city of Beijing has made great efforts in this regard and established a dynamic maintenance mechanism for the DCP of the Central City in 2007.This enabled constant improvement and revision of the regulatory plans based on urban economic and social development as well as actual demands.This paper analyzes the formulation and execution of the DCP for the Central City of Beijing since 1999,discussing its evolution and development,as well as its practical application and a general explration of the planning work.It focuses upon the philosophy and mechanisms of dynamic maintenance.By drawing on previous experiences and lessons,it provides ideas and examples for the future management,formulation and implementation of the DCP.

  12. Transpositional Thinking: City Planning for the Unprivileged Groups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    <正> 1. Thoughts from Gini coefficient The Gini coefficient is an index that reflects the economic income gap in a society. Inequity will appear and some unstable factors will start to emerge in a society when the economic income gap between the rich and the unprivileged group is over 0.4. Beijing is the capital city of China, whose socio-economic stability shoulders the

  13. Family planning use among urban poor women from six cities of Uttar Pradesh, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Speizer, Ilene S; Nanda, Priya; Achyut, Pranita; Pillai, Gita; Guilkey, David K

    2012-08-01

    Family planning has widespread positive impacts for population health and well-being; contraceptive use not only decreases unintended pregnancies and reduces infant and maternal mortality and morbidity, but it is critical to the achievement of Millennium Development Goals. This study uses baseline, representative data from six cities in Uttar Pradesh, India to examine family planning use among the urban poor. Data were collected from about 3,000 currently married women in each city (Allahabad, Agra, Varanasi, Aligarh, Gorakhpur, and Moradabad) for a total sample size of 17,643 women. Participating women were asked about their fertility desires, family planning use, and reproductive health. The survey over-sampled slum residents; this permits in-depth analyses of the urban poor and their family planning use behaviors. Bivariate and multivariate analyses are used to examine the role of wealth and education on family planning use and unmet need for family planning. Across all of the cities, about 50% of women report modern method use. Women in slum areas generally report less family planning use and among those women who use, slum women are more likely to be sterilized than to use other methods, including condoms and hormonal methods. Across all cities, there is a higher unmet need for family planning to limit childbearing than for spacing births. Poorer women are more likely to have an unmet need than richer women in both the slum and non-slum samples; this effect is attenuated when education is included in the analysis. Programs seeking to target the urban poor in Uttar Pradesh and elsewhere in India may be better served to identify the less educated women and target these women with appropriate family planning messages and methods that meet their current and future fertility desire needs.

  14. Planning the Green Walkable City: Conceptualizing Values and Conflicts for Urban Green Space Strategies in Stockholm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Littke

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Urban green spaces are essential elements of cities, contributing to the quality of life in numerous ways. However, densification strategies create a complex relationship between urban development and the quality, as well as the quantity, of urban green space. This paper examines the Green Walkable City Programme in Stockholm, a document developed to supplement the comprehensive plan as a strategic backbone for green urban planning. Based on interviews and content analysis, this paper identifies and discusses concerns raised in the development of the planning programme, and addresses the importance of urban green space for citizens’ well-being. The new comprehensive plan has introduced a shift in the attitude towards the urban green space in Stockholm. The need for urban growth is used to justify development of green fields, and a focus on the quality, rather than the quantity, of urban green space is promoted. Despite this progress, the public requests definitions for this quality approach and fears that nature within the city will be “parkified”. Therefore, this paper offers a critical reflection on the role of the Green Walkable City Programme, its situation within the context of Swedish green urban planning, and various areas of concern that have been highlighted.

  15. Data analytics for simplifying thermal efficiency planning in cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdolhosseini Qomi, Mohammad Javad; Noshadravan, Arash; Sobstyl, Jake M; Toole, Jameson; Ferreira, Joseph; Pellenq, Roland J-M; Ulm, Franz-Josef; Gonzalez, Marta C

    2016-04-01

    More than 44% of building energy consumption in the USA is used for space heating and cooling, and this accounts for 20% of national CO2emissions. This prompts the need to identify among the 130 million households in the USA those with the greatest energy-saving potential and the associated costs of the path to reach that goal. Whereas current solutions address this problem by analysing each building in detail, we herein reduce the dimensionality of the problem by simplifying the calculations of energy losses in buildings. We present a novel inference method that can be used via a ranking algorithm that allows us to estimate the potential energy saving for heating purposes. To that end, we only need consumption from records of gas bills integrated with a building's footprint. The method entails a statistical screening of the intricate interplay between weather, infrastructural and residents' choice variables to determine building gas consumption and potential savings at a city scale. We derive a general statistical pattern of consumption in an urban settlement, reducing it to a set of the most influential buildings' parameters that operate locally. By way of example, the implications are explored using records of a set of (N= 6200) buildings in Cambridge, MA, USA, which indicate that retrofitting only 16% of buildings entails a 40% reduction in gas consumption of the whole building stock. We find that the inferred heat loss rate of buildings exhibits a power-law data distribution akin to Zipf's law, which provides a means to map an optimum path for gas savings per retrofit at a city scale. These findings have implications for improving the thermal efficiency of cities' building stock, as outlined by current policy efforts seeking to reduce home heating and cooling energy consumption and lower associated greenhouse gas emissions.

  16. U.S. Department of Energy clean cities five-year strategic plan.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cambridge Concord Associates

    2011-02-15

    Clean Cities is a government-industry partnership sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Vehicle Technologies Program, which is part of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Working with its network of about 100 local coalitions and more than 6,500 stakeholders across the country, Clean Cities delivers on its mission to reduce petroleum consumption in on-road transportation. In its work to reduce petroleum use, Clean Cities focuses on a portfolio of technologies that includes electric drive, propane, natural gas, renewable natural gas/biomethane, ethanol/E85, biodiesel/B20 and higher-level blends, fuel economy, and idle reduction. Over the past 17 years, Clean Cities coalitions have displaced more than 2.4 billion gallons of petroleum; they are on track to displace 2.5 billion gallons of gasoline per year by 2020. This Clean Cities Strategic Plan lays out an aggressive five-year agenda to help DOE Clean Cities and its network of coalitions and stakeholders accelerate the deployment of alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles, while also expanding the supporting infrastructure to reduce petroleum use. Today, Clean Cities has a far larger opportunity to make an impact than at any time in its history because of its unprecedented $300 million allocation for community-based deployment projects from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) (see box below). Moreover, the Clean Cities annual budget has risen to $25 million for FY2010 and $35 million has been requested for FY2011. Designed as a living document, this strategic plan is grounded in the understanding that priorities will change annually as evolving technical, political, economic, business, and social considerations are woven into project decisions and funding allocations. The plan does not intend to lock Clean Cities into pathways that cannot change. Instead, with technology deployment at its core, the plan serves as a guide for decision-making at both the

  17. Pedestrian Planning in City Centers: a Study of Guimarães and Braga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khan Rubayet Rahaman

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available People are walking in cities for different reasons. Some walkers walk for going to work, some are walking for shopping and some are for leisure during day and night hours. Medium sized cities like Braga and Guimarães in Portugal are depending on car for even shorter trips up to 2 kilometers. However, the walkways are allowing people to walk in convenient and safe way including late night environment. The pedestrians feel troublesome to walk on the footpaths because of illegal parking and discontinuation of walkways. Municipality transport plans and master plans do not incorporate pedestrians as a major component. But this egress mode of transportation is very important in medium sized city centers like Guimarães and Braga for the people to enjoy city centers’ activities. This paper focuses on the types of walkers who use the walkways on a regular basis. Usually, people are feeling comfortable to walk when they go to clubs and bars in a group in these small cities especially after work. This paper again tries to focus the varieties of problems on walkways and to present policies that can improve the situation. Municipal master plan and transportation plan have been studied carefully to see the provisions of pedestrian planning options. Field surveys have been conducted both in form of questionnaire and observation during the end of 2009 and results show different patterns of pedestrian behavior as well as evidence that people get different experiences with problems while walking on the walkways in both surveyed towns. Considering the issues of sustainable mobility, this paper also tries to suggest policies to motivate more people to walk especially in the medium-sized cities of Portugal.

  18. Savannah, Georgia: The Lasting Legacy of Colonial City Planning. Teaching with Historic Places.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kratzer, Judson

    Strolling through the old city of Savannah, Georgia's rigid, grid pattern streets, down its linear brick walkways, past over 1,100 residential and public buildings of unparalleled architectural richness and diversity, visitors and residents come to appreciate the original plan that has existed intact since Savannah's founding in 1733. Twenty-four…

  19. Geomatics for Smart Cities: Obtaining the Urban Planning Baf Index from Existing Digital Maps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casella, V.; Franzini, M.; De Lotto, R.

    2016-06-01

    The urban analytics expression is spreading out. To our understanding, it deals with the capability of measuring cities and their communities, as a support to their effective planning and management. In other words, being an analytically well-known city is a precondition for pursuing smartness. Urban planning is a very important item for city management and is interrelated with many layers, including urban environmental quality, air quality and well-being. Effective urban planning is based on the knowledge of quantitative parameters such as the biotope area factor (BAF), which was originally proposed for the city of Berlin and is currently used in other cities. The BAF index is used to evaluate the degree of soil permeability and measures, to a certain extent and from a specific point of view, how a city is eco-friendly. The usual way of evaluating the BAF is based on the manual construction of dedicated maps, using existing orthophotos and oblique imagery as a support. But this method is expensive, time-consuming and non-objective, as it is prone to different interpretations. The paper presents a newly-developed methodology for calculating the BAF. It is based on the use of existing digital cartography and on the application of geoprocessing techniques from GIS science: it is therefore fully automated and objective. The Pavia city (Northern Italy) is used as a testsite and a careful validation of the developed methodology is carried out, by comparison to 12 manually surveyed test areas, corresponding to 5% of the built-up areas of the municipality.

  20. Subsurface information for risk-sensitive urban spatial planning in Dhaka Metropolitan City, Bangladesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Günther, Andreas; Aziz Patwary, Mohammad Abdul; Bahls, Rebecca; Asaduzzaman, Atm; Ludwig, Rüdiger; Ashraful Kamal, Mohammad; Nahar Faruqa, Nurun; Jabeen, Sarwat

    2016-04-01

    Dhaka Metropolitan City (including Dhaka and five adjacent municipal areas) is one of the fastest developing urban regions in the world. Densely build-up areas in the developed metropolitan area of Dhaka City are subject to extensive restructuring as common six- or lower storied buildings are replaced by higher and heavier constructions. Additional stories are built on existing houses, frequently exceeding the allowable bearing pressure on the subsoil as supported by the foundations. In turn, newly developing city areas are projected in marshy terrains modified by extensive, largely unengineered landfills. In most areas, these terrains bear unfavorable building ground conditions within 30 meters. Within a collaborative technical cooperation project between Bangladesh and Germany, BGR supports GSB in the provision of geo-information for the Capital Development Authority (RAJUK). For general urban planning, RAJUK successively develops a detailed area plan (DAP) at scale 1 : 50000 for the whole Dhaka Metropolitan City area (approx. 1700 km2). Geo-information have not been considered in the present DAP. Within the project, geospatial information in form of a geomorphic map, a digital terrain model and a 3-D subsurface model covering the whole city area have been generated at a scale of 1 : 50000. An extensive engineering geological data base consisting of more than 2200 borehole data with associated Standard Penetration Testing (SPT) and lab data has been compiled. With the field testing (SPT) and engineering geological lab data, the 3-D subsurface model can be parameterized to derive important spatial subsurface information for urban planning like bearing capacity evaluations for different foundation designs or soil liquefaction potential assessments for specific earthquake scenarios. In conjunction with inundation potential evaluations for different flooding scenarios, comprehensive building ground suitability information can be derived to support risk

  1. Tools for an integrated systems approach to sustainable port city planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Morel

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Large port cities like Shanghai, Amsterdam and Rio de Janeiro are key cogwheels in international logistics and transport networks but also serve as showcases for the rest of the world; as such, they constitute strategic assets for the host country´s economy and international influence. Historically, a city and its port often developed independently, through sometimes contradictory or even confrontational policies. Today, the growing number of usage disputes over increasingly coveted coastal areas is prompting local managers to incorporate urban and port-related issues in overarching planning programs. In particular, planning of the sea front and the buffer zone between the port and the city must contribute decisively to the deployment of more effective, cleaner transport services for the port city as a whole. In general, one of the key global challenges for planners and decision-makers consists in integrating sustainable development goals (environmental and social components, as well as the stimulation of industrial competitiveness into urban planning. In this context the PHEBUS research group has initiated an international program of research to develop innovative methods and tools that can help territorial stakeholders to design, evaluate, compare and ultimately choose development scenarios for the future of their port cities. The main themes are addressed via a multidisciplinary systems approach on the scale of a coastal urban area with an industrial and port complex. In particular, the themes include sea front planning, the city-port interface, energy optimization (e.g. the introduction and sharing of renewable energies, risk resilience, climate change and multimodal, clean transport.

  2. City Planning Evolution - Urban Development Directions in the Transition Period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mircea Grigorovschi

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Urban evolution post 1989 has a series of specific characteristics mainly on a spatial-territorial plane. Determination of the main developing factors and urban evolution directions (dimensions, rhythm, expansion level, centrifugal and axial character, concentric, centripetal, functional evolution, tendencies and social implications, etc. represents a necessity and obligation for action from professionals in urban and landscaping fields. This necessity even arises from the perspective of the need for realizing strategies, planning, documentation and urban studies, which must intervene correctively in the evolution of areas with structural problems and to guide urban evolution towards the main goal namely the growth in residential quality of life in human settlements.

  3. Planning for sustainability in Malawian cities: A conceptual analysis of the missing links

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Gondwe

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Planning for sustainability has become a major challenge for urban planners in cities of the developing world where those with low economic base are often unable to cope with the high rate of urbanization. The differences in poverty levels between rural and urban spaces has not only deepened socio-economic problems but also led to an increase in environmental degradation in the city’s peripheral and catchment areas. This paper argues that there is need to rethink the role of urban planning theory and practice if urban sustainability is to be practical in Malawian cities. It observes that activities and initiatives taken by the urban poor that lead to growth of informal settlement and the informal sector are not viewed positively by urban planners. Specifically, the paper examines issues as such as the symbiotic relationship between the rural and the urban, lack of proper plans for non motorized transport, availability of a closed loop model of solid waste management and a rekindled participatory planning regime through the formalization of town chiefs are very critical elements of the contemporary urban planning theory and practice if building sustainable cities is to move beyond a vague idealism in Malawi. It follows then that any ambitious attempt to plan for sustainability should recognize the role which the urban poor play in building cities of developing countries Malawi inclusive. The paper calls upon the urban planners to change their attitude towards the urban poor. In so doing, however, the author is not trying to romanticize the existence of informal settlements and informal sector but to highlight their inevitable existence to the urban landscape.

  4. Planning for sustainability in Malawian cities: A conceptual analysis of the missing links.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Gondwe

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Planning for sustainability has become a major challenge for urban planners in cities of the developing world where those with low economic base are often unable to cope with the high rate of urbanization. The differences in poverty levels between rural and urban spaces has not only deepened socio-economic problems but also led to an increase in environmental degradation in the city’s peripheral and catchment areas.  This paper argues that there is need to rethink the role of urban planning theory and practice if urban sustainability is to be practical in Malawian cities. It observes that activities and initiatives taken by the urban poor that lead to growth of informal settlement and the informal sector are not viewed positively by urban planners. Specifically, the paper examines issues as such as the symbiotic relationship between the rural and the urban, lack of proper plans for non motorized transport, availability of a closed loop model of solid waste management and a rekindled participatory planning regime through the formalization of town chiefs are very critical elements of the contemporary urban planning theory and practice if building sustainable cities is to move beyond a vague idealism in Malawi. It follows then that any ambitious attempt to plan for sustainability should recognize the role which the urban poor play in building cities of developing countries Malawi inclusive. The paper calls upon the urban planners to change their attitude towards the urban poor. In so doing, however, the author is not trying to romanticize the existence of informal settlements and informal sector but to highlight their inevitable existence to the urban landscape.

  5. Sustainable Development Index of Pedras de Fogo /PB: Contributive Subsidies on Planning City Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gesinaldo Ataíde Cândido

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The sustainable development is a complex and fundamental issue to face the environmental crisis and because of that it calls the different segments of the society attention. As a mechanism to understand this important issue, several system- level indicators have arisen in order to measure the level of sustainability of countries, states and more recently, the cities. The aim of this article is to show the sustainability development index of Pedras de Fogo /PB as a mean to purchase the city planning .The methodology applied is based on the research of Martins and Candido (2008,which objective is to measure the sustainability development of the cities. The analysis of the results was obtained through a comparison between the sustainable development level of the other cities in Paraiba with the one of Pedras de Fogo. The results obtained were based not only on Martins and Candido methodology but also semi-structured interviews with some local authorities. The results show that a city sustainable planning is necessary taking into consideration the following dimensions: social, demographic, political -institutional, economic, environmental and cultural.

  6. The Linkage of Urban and Energy Planning for Sustainable Cities: The Case of Denmark and Germany

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Jens-Phillip

    2016-01-01

    The reduction of GHG emissions in buildings is a focus area of national energy policies in Europe, because buildings are responsible for a major share of the final energy consumption. It is at local scale where policies to increase the share of renewable energies and energy efficiency measures get...... implemented. Municipalities, as local authorities and responsible entity for land-use planning, have a direct influence on urban patterns and energy use, which makes them key actors in the transition towards sustainable cities. Hence, synchronizing urban planning with energy planning offers great potential...... to increase society’s energy-efficiency; this has a high significance to reach GHG-reduction targets. In this paper the actual linkage of urban planning and energy planning in Denmark and Germany was assessed; substantive barriers preventing their integration and driving factors that lead to successful...

  7. Application of WEAP Simulation Model to Hengshui City Water Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OJEKUNLE Z O; ZHAO Lin; LI Manzhou; YANG Zhen; TAN Xin

    2007-01-01

    Like many river basins in China, water resources in the Fudong Pai River are almost fully allocated. This paper seeks to assess and evaluate water resource problems using water evaluation and planning (WEAP) model via its application to Hengshui Basin of Fudong Pai River. This model allows the simulation and analysis of various water allocation scenarios and, above all, scenarios of users' behavior. Water demand management is one of the options discussed in detail. Simulations are proposed for diverse climatic situations from dry years to normal years and results are discussed. Within the limits of data availability, it appears that most water users are not able to meet all their requirements from the river, and that even the ecological reserve will not be fully met during certain years. But the adoption of water demand management procedures offers opportunities for remedying this situation during normal hydrological years. However, it appears that demand management alone will not suffice during dry years. Nevertheless, the ease of use of the model and its user-friendly interfaces make it particularly useful for discussions and dialogue on water resources management among stakeholders.

  8. Analyzing an Integrated Planning Approach Among Planning Scale and Sector A Case Study of Malang City’s Vision as The City of Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhmad Amirudin

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Integrated planning is more needed by government today because of the complexity of problems and limited resources. Integrated planning can undertake the problems by giving comprehensive solution and provide how much resources are needed to reach the goal. Integrated planning approach is implied to provide better tools to guide actions towards the development of cities, improvement of human conditions, and ultimately a better urbanism. So the research focused on integrated planning in Malang City based on Malang City’s vision, strategic planning, operational planning, budgeting planning in Malang City to achieve Malang City’s vision as the city of Education. In this study, researcher used qualitative method with descriptive research, which is a research process aims to describe the exact nature / something happened and took place on the research conducted. The research purpose is to identify and describe and analyze the process of Malang City Planning Agency integrate other planning scale and sector in developing planning; and to identify, describe and analyze the process of Malang City Planning Agency integrated all stakeholders in Integrated Planning process. This research use descriptive research method. The reason to use descriptive research method in this study because the principle objectives of this study aimed to describe, illustrate in a systematic, factual and accurate statement of the facts and the relationship between phenomenon. Then qualitative method was directed at the individual's background and a holistic (whole. So in this case should not isolate the individual or organization into a variable or hypothesis, but should view it as part of wholeness. The result of this research in the case study of Malang City has shown thatThe case study of Malang City showed that various sectors recognized but did not pay much attention to Malang City’s vision as City of Education in their plans; however, Regional Mid-term Development

  9. From Strategic Planning to City Branding: Some Empirical Evidence in Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Rizzi

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available In a globalized world where places compete with each other, the image of the city plays a crucial role to attract tourists and investors, and to make citizens stay with satisfaction and avoid their moving away. By exploring the connections and implications between theory and empirical outcomes of some Italian cities as to its attractiveness for tourists and investors, this paper intends to offer a useful overview both for academicians and practitioners. The purpose is not only to go through the extensive literature on strategic planning place marketing and city branding, but to focus specifically on some Italian cases (Turin, Genoa, Venice, Piacenza, where the application of the above mentionedinstruments has provided interesting results to compare.

  10. Virtual Reality As a New Tool in the City Planning Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kaj Sunesson; Carl Martin AIIwood; Dan Paulin; Ilona Heldal; Mattias Roupe; Mikael Johansson; B(o)rje Westerdahl

    2008-01-01

    The introduction of virtual reality (VR)-models in the city planning process will cause changes in the traditional roles of the involved parties. In order to better understand some of these changes, the events involving the use of VR-models in an architectural competition concerning rebuilding-proposals for the city library in a Swedish city were analyzed. The study shows that VR was introduced into the competition as an extra add-on and that the VR-prasentation was experienced as useful by the jury. The transformation of the architects' contributions into VR was experienced as problematic by the architects, partly because they lost full control over the presentation. In the future architects are likely to have to produce the VR-models for their proposals themselves. This may make it more difficult for smaller architectural firms to enter the market but their proposals will be more accessible to a wider group of stakeholders.

  11. [Health promotion policy and urban planning: joint efforts for the development of healthy cities].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sperandio, Ana Maria Girotti; Francisco, Lauro Luiz; Mattos, Thiago Pedrosa

    2016-06-01

    The National Health Promotion Policy (PNPS) defines strategies for devising inter-sectoral public policies that ensure the development of healthy cities. Urban planning constitutes a tool to improve the quality of life and enhance health promotion. Using the studies and cooperation actions conducted by the Urban Research Laboratory (LABINUR/FEC-Unicamp) as a reference, this article describes relevant aspects of the PNPS that have an interface with urban planning policies in Brazil. An increase in interdisciplinary and inter-sectoral measures related to the new PNPS after the passing of Ordinance 2.446/14 was identified, which include: mobility and accessibility; safe development (sanitation, housing and transport); healthy eating with social inclusion and reduction of poverty (community vegetable gardens); corporal activities and physical exercise and the enhancement of urban spaces. The conclusion drawn is that social participation, inter-sectoral activities and the role of the university are important aspects for the promotion of healthy cities.

  12. CITY PLANNING IN GRAECO-ROMAN TIMES WITH EMPHASIS ON HEALTH FACILITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Cilliers

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In this overview of city planning in Graeco-Roman times, starting with Greek gridiron street planning and functional city zoning in the 9th century BC, emphasis is placed on those aspects related to urban health and recreational activities. Etruscan-Roman expertise in hydraulic engineering facilitated the availability of ample water supplies, e.g. for public baths and latrines, and for efficient drainage systems, which had been problematic in the earlier Greek era. The Pax Romana obviated the need for defensive city walls and also potentiated the establishment and maintenance of long distance water supplies. Before the xenodocheia of the Christian era the only hospitals were Roman military institutions (valetudinaria and some latifundia for sick slaves on large farms. Doctors practiced from very basic consulting facilities (iatreia, later tabernae. Graeco-Roman concepts of “death pollution” restricted structural burial facilities to a minimum, and situated outside the city walls. Greek recreation revolved around athletic sports practiced in stadia, gymnasia and occasionally in urban agoras; dramas were performed in open air theatres. The Romans preferred horse races and blood-thirsty sports in huge amphitheatres in which gladiators fought each other to the death.

  13. A review on salt lake city, Kolkata, India: Master planning and realization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tošković Dobrivoje

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Motivation for construction of Salt Lake City comes from the circumstances characterizing life in Calcutta known by its social, political and cultural activities. Among many problems, the City was faced with poverty and overcrowding. West Bengal Government realized that serious steps have to be taken to resolve the situation. One of the biggest actions of the Government was creation of so called 'NEDECO' Plan for reclamation certain area of the Salted Lakes, followed by the tender for urban planning. The enterprise for water ways Ivan Milutinović was considered the most convenient for both: reclamation and planning. The Conceptualization covers the Main Aims and interests forming plan basis where three factors were selected: urban character, new vs old town, inhabitants and town growth. Follows Existing Land Use Pattern of the Municipal Area. The realization of the Salt Lake Master Plan, as a part of the Municipal Area, is shown through an Overview of Achieved Infrastructure covering Roads, Water Supply, Sewerage, Area Level Storm Water Drainage, Solid Waste Management and, finally, through the Other Municipal Services, such as: Administrative Infrastructure, Health Infrastructure, Greeneries, Water bodies, Socio-Cultural Infrastructure. .

  14. UMTRA project water sampling and analysis plan, Falls City, Texas. Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    Planned, routine ground water sampling activities at the US Department of Energy (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site near Falls City, Texas, are described in this water sampling and analysis plan (WSAP). The following plan identifies and justifies the sampling locations, analytical parameters, and sampling frequency for the routine monitoring stations at the site. The ground water data are used for site characterization and risk assessment. The regulatory basis for routine ground water monitoring at UMTRA Project sites is derived from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations in 40 CFR Part 192. Sampling procedures are guided by the UMTRA Project standard operating procedures (SOP) (JEG, n.d.), the Technical Approach Document (TAD) (DOE, 1989), and the most effective technical approach for the site. The Falls City site is in Karnes County, Texas, approximately 8 miles [13 kilometers southwest of the town of Falls City and 46 mi (74 km) southeast of San Antonio, Texas. Before surface remedial action, the tailings site consisted of two parcels. Parcel A consisted of the mill site, one mill building, five tailings piles, and one tailings pond south of Farm-to-Market (FM) Road 1344 and west of FM 791. A sixth tailings pile designated Parcel B was north of FM 791 and east of FM 1344.

  15. Climate Hazard Assessment for Stakeholder Adaptation Planning in New York City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horton, Radley M.; Gornitz, Vivien; Bader, Daniel A.; Ruane, Alex C.; Goldberg, Richard; Rosenzweig, Cynthia

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a time-sensitive approach to climate change projections, developed as part of New York City's climate change adaptation process, that has provided decision support to stakeholders from 40 agencies, regional planning associations, and private companies. The approach optimizes production of projections given constraints faced by decision makers as they incorporate climate change into long-term planning and policy. New York City stakeholders, who are well-versed in risk management, helped pre-select the climate variables most likely to impact urban infrastructure, and requested a projection range rather than a single 'most likely' outcome. The climate projections approach is transferable to other regions and consistent with broader efforts to provide climate services, including impact, vulnerability, and adaptation information. The approach uses 16 Global Climate Models (GCMs) and three emissions scenarios to calculate monthly change factors based on 30-year average future time slices relative to a 30- year model baseline. Projecting these model mean changes onto observed station data for New York City yields dramatic changes in the frequency of extreme events such as coastal flooding and dangerous heat events. Based on these methods, the current 1-in-10 year coastal flood is projected to occur more than once every 3 years by the end of the century, and heat events are projected to approximately triple in frequency. These frequency changes are of sufficient magnitude to merit consideration in long-term adaptation planning, even though the precise changes in extreme event frequency are highly uncertain

  16. Shaping the Overall Humanistic Image of the City in City Planning%城市规划中城市整体人文形象的塑造

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯利霞

    2014-01-01

    随着我国国民经济的增长和人们生活的水平不断提高,城市规划以及城市形象越来越受到关注,本文探讨了如何在城市规划中对城市整体的人文形象进行塑造,希望能为相关工作开辟思路。%With the development of our national economy and the unceasing enhancement of people’s life level, city planning and city image becomes has at racted more and more at ention. This paper discussed how to shape the integrated humanistic city image in city planning, hoping to open thought for the re-levant work.

  17. 城市公共空间与城市规划体系的构建%Constructing the City Public Space and City Planning System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪晨; 李珍琪

    2013-01-01

    近年来,由于城市公共空间问题而引发各类冲突事件频频发生,需要我们重新认识和实践城市公共空间规划的作用和意义。本文通过对城市公共空间与城市规划体系的分析,明确如何科学地建立以人民为中心的城市公共空间规划,为创建和谐社会及城市发展更新创造条件。%In recent years, the various conflicts triggered by city public space problems frequently, we need to know and practice the role and significance of city public space planning. This paper through the analysis of city public space and city p-lanning system, pinpoints how to scientifical y establish the ci-ty public space planning taking the people as the center, to cre-ate development and update conditions for the creation of a ha-rmonious society and city.

  18. Is City Marketing Opposed to Urban Planning? The Elaboration of a Pilot City Marketing Plan for the Case of Nea Ionia, Magnesia, Greece

    OpenAIRE

    Deffner, Alex; Metaxas, Theodoros

    2006-01-01

    The role of city marketing has been increasingly important in Europe. Today it has become a necessity with regard to the processes of global competition of cities, tourist attraction, urban management, city branding and urban governance. Many European cities support their competitiveness through cultural and tourism development. In addition, the majority of the implemented city marketing policies relate with culture and tourism. City marketing has faced many criticisms, the main one being tha...

  19. Tooling up urban planning for climate change mitigation in Malaysian cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chau, L. W.; Yap, Z. C.; Ho, C. S.

    2014-02-01

    The city's 2-dimensional spatial structure and 3-dimensional form significantly influence its energy and GHG emission intensity. In rapidly developing urban-regions, the ability of the local planning authorities to quantify the spatial structure and form of existing urban areas, new developments and the emergent urban-region in terms of GHG emission is vital to any effective local, national and global climate change mitigation effort. While a wide array of tools has been developed for assessing built environment sustainability at various spatial scales, these are predominantly eco-efficiency rating tools that do not model the 'spatial structure-GHG' relationship and do not illustrate the GHG implications of urban structure and form, which crucially inform local planning decisions with respect to climate change mitigation. This paper takes the first steps in analysing three spatial-based planning models (Envision Tomorrow, GHGProof, URBEMIS) that estimate GHG emissions towards assessing their adaptability for application in Malaysian cities. It looks into the models' "inner working", unpacking the variables and their relationships; assumptions and conversion rates used; and their data requirement and structure. The models' characteristics and features are critically compared to evaluate their capabilities, limitations and relevance to the Malaysian urban planning context, particularly in terms of data availability.

  20. The cognitive map's role in urban planning and landscaping. Application to Braila City, Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SILVIA GHIOCA

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Spatial planning and urban planning represent aspects of urban dynamics. They have a complex character and aim to identify some ways of eliminating the territorial disparities, for ensuring the territorial functionality, following up the sustainable develo pment principles. The territorial reality, that is to be investigated for this purpose, can be represented using the mental maps that present the subjective perception of the residents on the environment where they are living. This cognitive perception out lines an urban overview that reflects the local failures. Therefore, the urban overview can function as an instrument of urban rebranding, by its diagnosis and prognosis functions. As regards Brăila City, attractive, repulsive and neutral spaces were ident ified, being created in this way the premises for the appearance of some strategies of territorial planning, in accordance with reality

  1. Alternatives of Strategic Environmental Assessment for Road Traffic Development Planning-Case of Changchun City, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Chong; XU Ye; SHANG Jincheng; Gordon HUANG

    2009-01-01

    On analyzing the achievement of the goal in the modern urban road traffic development planning, the alternative of Strategic Environmental Assessment for urban traffic planning should include the basic scheme, the extended scheme and the environmental protection scheme. This study from different perspectives designed the alternatives for Changchun's county-level road and urban road system planning, and used the method of System Dynamics to simulate, optimize and analyze those alternatives. Thereafter, some methods including the correlation function method were used to comprehensively assess and rank those alternatives for recommending two best alternatives with the consideration to the indicators, such as the total emission amount of CO, the total emission amount of nitrogen oxides, the noise value, the road construction cost, the fossil oil consumption and the traffic capacity. The result showed that the study would provide substantial supports for decision-makers to make more scientific decisions and promote the sustainable urban traffic in Changchun City.

  2. Urban Fluxes Monitoring and Development of Planning Strategies to Reduce Ghg Emissions in AN European City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marras, S.; Sirca, C.; Bellucco, V.; Falk, M.; Pyles, R. D.; Snyder, R. L.; Paw U, K.; Duce, P.; Blecic, I.; Trunfio, G. A.; Cecchini, A.; Spano, D.

    2013-12-01

    Cities and human settlements in general are a primary source of emissions that contribute to human-induced climate change. To investigate the impact of an urbanized area on urban metabolism components, an eddy covariance (EC) tower will be set up in a city (Sassari) located in the center of the Mediterranean basin (Sardinia, Italy). The EC tower, as well as a meteorological station and radiometers, will be set up to monitor energy, water, and carbon fluxes in the city center. A GHG emissions inventory will be also compiled to identify the main emission sources. In addition, a modeling framework will be used to study the impact of different urban planning strategies on carbon emission rates. The modeling framework consists of four models to analyze fluxes both at local and municipality scale: (i) a land surface model ACASA (Advanced Canopy-Atmosphere-Soil Algorithm, ACASA) to simulate the urban metabolism components at local scale; (ii) a Cellular Automata model to simulate the urban land-use dynamics in the near future (20-30 years); (iii) a transportation model to estimate the variation of the transportation network load, and (iv) the coupled model WRF-ACASA will be finally used to simulate the urban metabolism components at municipality scale. The participation of local stakeholders will allow the definition of future planning strategies with the aim to identify low carbon emissions strategies. The projects activities, methodologies applied, as well as the preliminary results will be reported here.

  3. The City Image and the Local Public Administration: a Working Tool in Urban Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marius Cristian NEACȘU

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  The goal of this study consist of identifyingand testing in operational terms the concept of cityimage in the decision-making processes, both asfar as the urban planning and the future policies oflocal and regional development are concerned or inthe management of public spaces. It is well-knownthe fact that the simple series of statistical dataand the models based upon them do not sketchout a complete image regarding the urban reality,the perception of habitants at a micro-scale levelabout habituation conditions, illustrated by thecity image, presenting itself as a barometer of thedysfunctionalities encountered in the city. Thus, thepractical implications of this concept based on anew vision in the philosophy of the managementof urban spaces are likely to be interestingenough. Using this tool in the policies and in theactivity of public administration, in urbanism etc.,complementarily to statistical analyses, shouldaccompany any type of local development policyin order to enhance life quality and to transmit acertain life style, well appreciated by the residentswhich should bestow the city distinctiveness anda particular status in the regional and nationalhierarchy. The conceptual scheme of this studyis based on three elements: theory (what doesthe city image represent?, method (how could wemap at a micro-scale level?, case study (whichare the results and the tests of the applicability inthe city of Ploieşti.

  4. Urban surface temperature behaviour and heat island effect in a tropical planned city

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Adeb Qaid; Ossen, Dilshan Remaz; Jamei, Elmira; Manaf, Norhashima Abd; Said, Ismail; Ahmad, Mohd Hamdan

    2015-02-01

    Putrajaya is a model city planned with concepts of a "city in the garden" and an "intelligent city" in the tropics. This study presents the behaviour of the surface temperature and the heat island effect of Putrajaya. Findings show that heat island intensity is 2 °C on average at nighttime and negligible at daytime. But high surface temperature values were recorded at the main boulevard due to direct solar radiation incident, street orientation in the direction of northeast and southwest and low building height-to-street width ratio. Buildings facing each other had cooling effect on surfaces during the morning and evening hours; conversely, they had a warming effect at noon. Clustered trees along the street are effective in reducing the surface temperature compared to scattered and isolated trees. Surface temperature of built up areas was highest at noon, while walls and sidewalks facing northwest were hottest later in the day. Walls and sidewalks that face northwest were warmer than those that face southeast. The surface temperatures of the horizontal street surfaces and of vertical façades are at acceptable levels relative to the surface temperature of similar surfaces in mature cities in subtropical, temperate and Mediterranean climates.

  5. Framework for reports on urban energy planning in 6 case cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje; Große, Juliane

    The purpose of this report (Deliverable 4.1) is to provide guidance for the work on Deliverable 4.2 (D4.2). D4.2 will consist of six separate case study reports (or ‘city reports’, one for each of the 6 PLEEC cities) which will be conducted by different persons of the Work package 4 (WP4)-team....... Therefore it is important to have a joint framework, defining the relevant questions and issues which should be worked on. However, as the six cities are very different, the framework stays at a general level to allow different foci in each of the reports. The main addressee is the WP4-team who will work...... on the case study reports (D4.2). The wider target group are other PLEEC partners who are interested in WP4’s work as well as other professionals who would like to get inspiration how to conduct an analysis of energy issues in relation to spatial planning and urban form in medium-sized cities. Five main...

  6. Changing Perspectives on the Planning of Ankara (1924-2007 and Lessons for a New Master-Planning Approach to Developing Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olgu Çalişkan

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available As one of the newly planned capitals in the 20th century – like Islamabad, Canberra and Brazil –, Ankara represents an original case in planning history: from shaping a new town under the influence of early European urbanism to the control of a dynamic metropolitan form by structural planning approaches. Forming its urban core according to the initial planning perspectives between the beginning of 1930s and the mid-1970s, the city has entered a rapid phase of space production in its extensions for about the last thirty years.In the current period of development, highly fragmented urban peripheral formation has being occurred in Ankara. Since the existing trend on the dispersion of urban form lacking spatial coherence at different scale-levels causes the dominance of the private domain and a loss of urbanity, this trend might at first glance be considered as a break with the European tradition and the emergence of Anglo-Americanization in Turkish planning system in terms of looser development control approach on urban form.Before, coming to such a critical end-point, the paper prefers a closer look into the changing dynamics of master plans of the city. It is aimed to reveal the developmental logic of the city by means of master plan analysis. The comprehensive outlook – called plan matrix – is integrated into each master plan schema by correlating the basic components like main policy directions, depth of control, settlement typology, and city structure and form. Such a framework has a potential to be utilized for any kind of plan analysis at metropolitan scale for different cases. At the end of the analysis, the paper tends to address an alternative master planning approach for the similar types of developing cities striving for keeping its urban character within a fragmented urban body.

  7. New York City Energy-Water Integrated Planning: A Pilot Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhatt,V.; Crosson, K. M.; Horak, W.; Reisman, A.

    2008-12-16

    The New York City Energy-Water Integrated Planning Pilot Study is one of several projects funded by Sandia National Laboratories under the U.S. Department of Energy Energy-Water Nexus Program. These projects are intended to clarify some key issues and research needs identified during the Energy-Water Nexus Roadmapping activities. The objectives of the New York City Pilot Project are twofold: to identify energy-water nexus issues in an established urban area in conjunction with a group of key stakeholders and to define and apply an integrated energy and water decision support tool, as proof-of-concept, to one or more of these issues. During the course of this study, the Brookhaven National Laboratory project team worked very closely with members of a Pilot Project Steering Committee. The Steering Committee members brought a breadth of experience across the energy, water and climate disciplines, and all are well versed in the particular issues faced by an urban environment, and by New York City in particular. The first task was to identify energy-water issues of importance to New York City. This exercise was followed by discussion of the qualities and capabilities that an ideal decision support tool should display to address these issues. The decision was made to start with an existing energy model, the New York City version of the MARKAL model, developed originally at BNL and now used globally by many groups for energy analysis. MARKAL has the virtue of being well-vetted, transparent, and capable of calculating 'material' flows, such as water use by the energy system and energy requirements of water technology. The Steering Committee members defined five scenarios of interest, representing a broad spectrum of New York City energy-water issues. Brookhaven National Laboratory researchers developed a model framework (Water-MARKAL) at the desired level of detail to address the scenarios, and then attempted to gather the New York City-specific information

  8. Site observational work plan for the UMTRA Project site at Falls City, Texas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    Produced by the US Department of Energy (DOE), this site observational work plan (SOWP) will be used to determine site-specific activities to comply with the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ground water standards at this Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site. The purpose of the SOWP is to recommend a site-specific ground water compliance strategy at the Falls City UMTRA Project site. The Falls City SOWP presents a comprehensive summary of site hydrogeological data, delineates a conceptual model of the aquifer system, and discusses the origins of milling-related ground water contamination. It also defines the magnitude of ground water contamination, potential environmental and health risks associated with ground water contamination and data gaps, and targets a proposed compliance strategy.

  9. Urban ecosystem services for resilience planning and management in New York City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPhearson, Timon; Hamstead, Zoé A; Kremer, Peleg

    2014-05-01

    We review the current state of knowledge about urban ecosystem services in New York City (NYC) and how these services are regulated, planned for, and managed. Focusing on ecosystem services that have presented challenges in NYC-including stormwater quality enhancement and flood control, drinking water quality, food provisioning and recreation-we find that mismatches between the scale of production and scale of management occur where service provision is insufficient. Adequate production of locally produced services and services which are more accessible when produced locally is challenging in the context of dense urban development that is characteristic of NYC. Management approaches are needed to address scale mismatches in the production and consumption of ecosystem services. By coordinating along multiple scales of management and promoting best management practices, urban leaders have an opportunity to ensure that nature and ecosystem processes are protected in cities to support the delivery of fundamental urban ecosystem services.

  10. The role of spatial planning in the development of the city of Lublin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kociuba, Dagmara

    2010-01-01

    In the Middle Ages the planned management of the city of Lublin area was started. From the location in 1317 to the 18th c. Lublin developed on the left side of the Bystrzyca River in the vicinity of the Nałęczów Upland escarpment zone, the region with diversified surface features. Except the area within the walls with a regular scheme further urban development was spontaneous and the buildings were adapted to trade routes, surface features and borders of real estates. In the 19th c. on the Bystrzyca's right bank the impetuous urbanization processes connected with industrialization areas nearby the Nadwiślańska Railway were stared. In 1916 the right-bank area was incorporating within the Lublin administrative borders. The necessary condition of balanced Lublin's development was formulating a new planning conception. Consistent realization of the spatial development plans resulted in a very clearl partition of the Lublin territory. Housing and service area dominated on the left bank of the river and housing areas accompanied by the prevailing production area - on the rightbank. The Bystrzyca River valley, dissecting these two parts of the city, to green and recreation area, was developed.

  11. 关于城市规划与生态化探讨%Discussion on City Planning and Ecologicalization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨希

    2013-01-01

    城市生态规划是生态学有关理论和方法在城市地域和城市规划学科范围内的综合应用。本文讨论了科学确定城市生态规划的目标,正确界定城市生态规划的内容,以及城市生态规划需要解决的问题,并提出了几点解决建议。%City ecological planning is the comprehensive app-lication of ecology theories and methods in the city region and range of city planning subject. This paper discusses the scienti-fic determination of city ecological planning objectives, the c-orrect definition of city ecological planning content, and city e-cological planning problems need to be solved, and puts forw-ard some suggestions of solution.

  12. Open Spaces and Urban Ecosystem Services. Cooling Effect towards Urban Planning in South American Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Inostroza

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Open space (OS is a key element in the provision of ecosystem services (ES in urban environments. Under a land cover-land use perspective, cities are incorporating into the expansion process to different types of surfaces: sealed, paved surfaces and OS. The first corresponds to a land cover change while the second, which includes bare soil, grass, forest or any other type of non-sealed surface, corresponds to a land use change, without physical transformations. As a land use change OS is able to keep fundamental pre-existing ecological properties. However, besides specific ecological characteristics, the overall capacity to provide ES depends also on the size, number and spatial distribution of OSs within the urban fabric. Those aspects which can determine the very ecological performance of urban ecosystem services (UES are not yet included in the current urban planning in Latin America. OS is still understood mainly as green infrastructure and related mostly with aesthetic and cultural benefits. On the contrary, under an ecological point of view, OS is capable to provide fundamental UES, which can be spatially assessed and analyzed. In this paper the provision of cooling services (CS is assessed in 2 South American cities: Lima and Santiago de Chile. The provision of CS is measured by means of a Remote Sensing-GIS-based method. Two aspects of CS are explored: (1 the current amount of existing OS; and (2 the trend of increasing/reducing CS within the urban tissue, in a dynamic assessment of spatial distribution and rates of OS incorporation to the continuous urban tissue. The aim is to analyze the CS generated by OS in those two cities. The analysis discusses the role of OS in the provision of CS, considering the current urban development trends and planning practice in these specific Latin American cities, highlighting the need to keep unsealed surfaces and increase in trees coverage, to retain the CS provision in certain levels.

  13. [The control of urban growth in Mexico City. Suppositions regarding poor planning].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguilar, A G; Olvera, G

    1991-01-01

    It is argued that mechanisms for planning land use and controlling urban expansion in Mexico City have failed to achieve their aims. Although in theory Mexico's urban planning process has recently attempted to go beyond purely physical aspects to include socioeconomic dimensions, it has in fact been inflexible and oriented to exclusively to technical and administrative aspects, to the detriment of social distribution goals. Planning instruments have not included important aspects such as specific mechanisms for altering employment structures or income levels or mechanisms for providing access to land or housing to the most disadvantaged groups. The urban planning process in Mexico City, instead of assuming a socially compensatory role in favor of disadvantaged groups, has maintained the status quo or discriminated in favor of the already advantaged. The spatial and technical orientation or urban planning in Mexico City does not leave room for a well-defined social policy. The population of the Mexico City metropolitan Zone increased from 3 million in 1950 to 18 million in 1985, while its total area increased from 11,750 hectares in 1940 to 125,000 in 1985. Transfer of population from the Federal District to the conurban municipios of the state of Mexico has been very significant since the 1970s. Around 20% of the total area of metropolitan Mexico City has been settled through illegal means, with communal and ejido lands accounting for a large share. Settlements on some 60% of lands in metroplitan Mexico City were illegal or irregular at some time. Low income housing is the cheapest form for the government because the frequently illegal status of settlers prevents them from making any demands for services or equipment for the 1st several years. Construction is undertaken and financed almost entirely by the settlers themselves, freeing the government of responsibility in regard to the constitutionally mandated right of all Mexicans to housing. The Urban Development

  14. Visualizing the data city social media as a source of knowledge for urban planning and management

    CERN Document Server

    Ciuccarelli, Paolo; Simeone, Luca

    2014-01-01

    This book investigates novel methods and technologies for the collection, analysis, and representation of real-time user-generated data at the urban scale in order to explore potential scenarios for more participatory design, planning, and management processes. For this purpose, the authors present a set of experiments conducted in collaboration with urban stakeholders at various levels (including citizens, city administrators, urban planners, local industries, and NGOs) in Milan and New York in 2012. It is examined whether geo-tagged and user-generated content can be of value in the creation

  15. GIS技术在城市规划中的应用%Application of GIS technology to City Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李治

    2012-01-01

    It depicts state-of-art of (;IS research domain, presents the application of GIS technology to ciW planning, introduces the problems of GIS to city planning, gives the fbreground of the application of GIS technology to city planning.%叙述了GIS研究领域的发展现状,分析了GIS技术在城市规划中的应用,介绍了GIS在城市规划应用中存在的问题,对GIS技术在城市规则中的应用前景做了展望,

  16. The application of environmental economics in marine functional zoning and coastal city conceptual planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    There are a lot of functions of marine resources.The various and competing conflicts between different users and different sectors in th euse of marine resources will cause the disorderly development of marine resources,and even destroy the marine ecosystem.Marine functional zoning is an effective tool to solve the conflicts.However,there are some shortcomings in the current understanding on marine functional zoning and its practice.In this paper,a case study on the resource-oriented marine functional zoning of Xiangshan Port is introduced.By the prmeiples of resource-oriented and public participation,Xiangshan Pon is divided into seven zones.and the main function of the whole port and seven zones are determined by the environmental economics analysis.A case study of Xiamen is also introduced for how to integrate marine functional zoning into a coastal city conceptual planning.Under the conservation prmciple,resources-oriented principle and so on,the advantages and disadvantages of natural ecosystem,social ecosystem and econnomic ecosystem are holistically analyzed,the urban orientation of Xiamen is determined as a regional international tourism ciif,and the whole city is divided into five function zones according to its leading industry-tourism.Resource-oriented marine functional zoning has a long-term guidance for sustainable use of marine resources and development strategy of a coastal city.And environmental economics analysis is an effective tool for resource-orientation.

  17. The Role of Development Agencies in Touristic Branding of Cities, A Document Analysis on Regional Plans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emrah ÖZKUL

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of present research is to determine the role of development agencies in which the branding of cities in the region. At research, the role of development agencies; identification of unknown tourist values, determination and improving of deficiencies, opportunities, were investigated in accordance with the agency's goals and objectives. To achieve this goal used in document analysis from qualitative research methods and Regional Plans were investigated which was published by the Development Agencies. The data obtained were subjected to descriptive analysis, in the case of some unidentified concepts by going in-depth content analysis. Despite all the advantages of having Turkey, made enough promotion of national and international level many regions in Turkey and so the tourism industry has led to overshadowed by the industrial and agricultural sectors. For this reason, development agencies determining the values of regional tourism have undertaken to task of changing perceptions of tourist consumers with their targeted projects on behalf of perform the city branding. Thus, was concluded that cities could become a center of attraction and the brand both investors and visitors.

  18. 'Without a plan' but 'keeping on track': views on contraception, pregnancy and abortion in Mexico City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juarez, Fatima; Bayer, Angela M

    2011-01-01

    Despite increased use of modern contraception among Mexican women, there has been a significant increase in abortions. Little is known about the experiences behind these trends. This study examines decision-making around contraception, pregnancy, childbearing and abortion. We carried out 26 in-depth interviews with 23- to 35-year-old females and males in Mexico City. Interviewees described reproductive planning 'without a plan' and sporadic contraceptive use. Linking of reproductive preferences and contraceptive use occurred only after raising a child for a few years or after experiencing an abortion. Interviewees described side effects of hormonal contraceptives and the intrauterine device (IUD) and problems with condoms. Only 8% of participants disagreed with abortion completely. Those with mixed views opposed abortion for pregnancies resulting from lack of responsibility or due to personal problems or concerns about one's future. However, these more controversial reasons were the primary motivations for terminating pregnancies. Females and males expressed that females made most decisions related to contraception, pregnancy and abortion. Further research could explore the reasons behind reproductive planning 'without a plan', 'on and off' contraceptive use and abortion beliefs and experiences that are somewhat contradictory.

  19. Strategic Planning for Grapes Product Development in Takestan City Through using SWOT Matrix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoud Rahmani

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Achieving development, particularly development in agriculture sector requires principled efficient planning and accurate implementation of the plan. This involves exact awareness of facilities, opportunities, capabilities and constraints in reaching a favorable situation. This study aims at identifying the strategies required for success and development in local and global markets of grapes through using SWOT (Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats method. It firstly studies the theoretical principles of strategic planning process and strategic management, then it gathers internal factors (weaknesses and strengths and external factors (opportunities and threats pertaining to the grapes product development via questionnaires distributed among the statistical universe and analyzes them through SWOT method. To recognize the attractiveness of the identified strategies, QSPM (Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix matrix has been applied. The results reveal that continuous assessment of the competitors and their services contributes to the improvement of the products value added; and creating marketing networks and extensive campaigns are the most appropriate strategies in penetrating into the regional and global markets in order to develop grapes product of Takestan City. Furthermore, endeavors to achieve financial resources through ventures with foreign and domestic investors and applying modern technology and updated scientific findings have a considerable impact on developing grapes product.

  20. Complexity Theories of Cities Have Come of Age An Overview with Implications to Urban Planning and Design

    CERN Document Server

    Meyer, Han; Stolk, Egbert; Tan, Ekim

    2012-01-01

    Today, our cities are an embodiment of the complex, historical evolution of knowledge, desires and technology. Our planned and designed activities co-evolve with our aspirations, mediated by the existing technologies and social structures.  The city represents the accretion and accumulation of successive layers of collective activity, structuring and being structured by other, increasingly distant cities, reaching now right around the globe. This historical and structural development cannot therefore be understood or captured by any set of fixed quantitative relations. Structural changes imply that the patterns of growth, and their underlying reasons change over time, and therefore that any attempt to control the morphology of cities and their patterns of flow by means of planning and design, must be dynamical, based on the mechanisms that drive the changes occurring at a given moment. This carefully edited post-proceedings volume gathers a snapshot view by leading researchers in field, of current complexity...

  1. To Play Well the Four Cards of City Plan%打好城市规划的四张牌

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭戎戈

    2011-01-01

    In the nationwide city construction, it is urgent to plan cities rationally. While keeping the regular functions of a city, the planners should take it for emphasis to build the famous brands of the city. Four cards become the important means to show the attractions of a city. The cards are fitting for residence, filling with history and culture, having low - carbon environment protection, and having public participation.%在全国市政建设中,理性进行城市规划迫在眉睫。在保持城市普遍功能的同时打造城市名牌是城市建设规划的重点。有选择的打好城市宜居牌、历史人文牌、低碳环保牌、公众参与牌是体现城市魅力的重要手段。

  2. Smart city planning from a bottom-up approach: local communities' intervention for a smarter urban environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alverti, Maroula; Hadjimitsis, Diofantos; Kyriakidis, Phaedon; Serraos, Konstantinos

    2016-08-01

    The aim of this paper is to explore the concept of "smart" cities from the perspective of inclusive community participation and Geographical Information Systems (GIS).The concept of a smart city is critically analyzed, focusing on the power/knowledge implications of a "bottom-up" approach in planning and how GIS could encourage community participation in smart urban planning. The paper commences with a literature review of what it means for cities to be "smart". It draws supporting definitions and critical insights into smart cities with respect to the built environment and the human factor. The second part of the paper, analyzes the "bottom-up" approach in urban planning, focusing on community participation reviewing forms and expressions through good practices from European cities. The third part of the paper includes a debate on how smart urban cities policies and community participation interact and influence each other. Finally, the paper closes with a discussion of the insights that were found and offers recommendations on how this debate could be addressed by Information and Communication Technologies and GIS in particular.

  3. Discussion on city gas development planning%谈市域燃气发展规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张秀娟

    2012-01-01

    Combined with the engineering example, based on situation analysis of city energy environment and gas supply, on the periphery can use gas, natural gas transmission and distribution system, liquefied petroleum gas and natural gas filling stations and other aspects of the short and long term planning, summary of the related gas planning content and experience recommendations, to facilitate future gas planning in giving help.%结合工程实例,通过对市域能源环境和燃气供应现状分析,探讨了周边可利用气源、天然气输配系统、液化石油气及天然气加气站等方面的近远期规划,总结了有关燃气规划的内容及经验建议,以便于在今后的燃气规划中给予帮助。

  4. The nomination of Ankara city for UNESCO world heritage site A proposal and an action plan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savaş Zafer Şahin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Preperation for UNESCO World Heritage status has increasingly became a recognized activity in its own right. The achievement of World Heritage Site status brings recognition at global level and demonstrates the existence of conservation awarness and capacity at the site concerned. It is acknowledged that the preperation for nomination itself improves conservation awareness and culture, especially in places with a problematic conservation background. In view of the problems of planning, restoration and rehabilitation of historical assets, the nomination of the City of Ankara as a World Heritage Site could bring about an innovative approach for urban identity and culture. Yet, the aquisition of UNESCO World Heritage Site status requires a strategic approach based on collective wisdom and acquired conservation knowledge. The evaluation of Ankara’s suitability for World Heritage Site status requires the development of an appropriate road map. This paper will attempt to define such a read map by using UNESCO requirements and criteria.

  5. Robustness and closeness centrality for self-organized and planned cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paolo Masucci, A.; Molinero, Carlos

    2016-02-01

    Street networks are important infrastructural transportation systems that cover a great part of the planet. It is now widely accepted that transportation properties of street networks are better understood in the interplay between the street network itself and the so-called information or dual network, which embeds the topology of the street network's navigation system. In this work, we present a novel robustness analysis, based on the interaction between the primal and the dual transportation layer for two large metropolises, London and Chicago, thus considering the structural differences to intentional attacks for self-organized and planned cities. We elaborate the results through an accurate closeness centrality analysis in the Euclidean space and in the relationship between primal and dual space. Interestingly enough, we find that even if the considered planar graphs display very distinct properties, the information space induce them to converge toward systems which are similar in terms of transportation properties.

  6. Robustness and Closeness Centrality for Self-Organized and Planned Cities

    CERN Document Server

    Masucci, A Paolo

    2015-01-01

    Street networks are important infrastructural transportation systems that cover a great part of the planet. It is now widely accepted that transportation properties of street networks are better understood in the interplay between the street network itself and the so called \\textit{information} or \\textit{dual network}, which embeds the topology of the street network navigation system. In this work, we present a novel robustness analysis, based on the interaction between the primal and the dual transportation layer for two large metropolis, London and Chicago, thus considering the structural differences to intentional attacks for \\textit{self-organized} and planned cities. We elaborate the results through an accurate closeness centrality analysis in the Euclidean space and in the relationship between primal and dual space. Interestingly enough, we find that even if the considered planar graphs display very distinct properties, the information space induce them to converge toward systems which are similar in t...

  7. Study on Power Planning from the View of City Planning%从城市规划角度探究电力规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍健腾

    2013-01-01

    A city want to develop quickly, good planning is the premise. How to compile a practical electric power planni-ng to meet not only the city planning department to the city i-mage and the requirement of the land resources, but also meet the requirement of power supply department of economic syst-em, is the important problem of current our country city electr-ic power planning.%  一个城市要快速地发展,做好规划是前提。如何编制一个切实可行的电力规划使之不但满足城市规划部门对城市形象以及土地资源的要求,还能满足供电部门对系统经济性的要求,是当前我国城市电力规划的重要问题。

  8. The City of Whitehorse local action plan (LAP) to reduce energy and greenhouse gas emissions for city operations and the community

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, G.; Crist, B.; Hnatiuk, D.; Schweiger, S.; Tuck, W.; Turner, J.; White, G. [City of Whitehorse, YT (Canada)

    2004-02-01

    The City of Whitehorse has created a Local Action Plan (LAP) within its community to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions while stimulating the local economy. The city hired a Climate Change Coordinator in 1995 to initiative the five-step Partners for Climate Protection (PCP) program organized through the Federation of Canadian Municipalities. The five milestones of the PCP are to: (1) profile energy use and emissions from city and community-based sources, (2) establish reduction targets for city operations and the community, (3) develop and finalize a LAP that reduces energy use and emissions, (4) implement the LAP, and (5) monitor, verify and report greenhouse gas emissions. The economic benefits of implementing the LAP include: energy costs can be reduced by improving energy efficiency of city buildings, water and sewage systems, and vehicle fleet; local economic development can be stimulated by implementing new technologies and improving existing infrastructure; the need for road expansion can be reduced when peak vehicle traffic is reduced; and, tourism can preserve a viable downtown and improve the local economy. The social and health benefits of implementing the LAP include: community leadership; development of a more liveable community; reduced traffic congestion and increased mobility; preserved green spaces; increase public awareness of climate change; improved air quality; improved health; and, contribution to sustainable development. 31 refs., 6 tabs., 10 figs., 8 appendices.

  9. Religiously inspired urbanism: Catholicism and the planning of the southern Dutch provincial cities Eindhoven and Roermond, c. 1900 to 1960

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, J.

    2015-01-01

    The discourse on twentieth-century urban planning has hidden from view the way religion (re)shaped the urban landscape. By analysing the interaction between urban development and Catholic politics in the southern Dutch provincial cities of Eindhoven and Roermond, this article argues that religious t

  10. 78 FR 35951 - Proposed Low-Effect Habitat Conservation Plan for the City of Santa Cruz Graham Hill Water...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-14

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Proposed Low-Effect Habitat Conservation Plan for the City of Santa Cruz Graham Hill Water Treatment Plant, Santa Cruz County, California AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service... and conservation measures for the federally endangered Ben Lomond spineflower (Chorizanthe pungens...

  11. Cities as selective land predators? A lesson on urban growth, deregulated planning and sprawl containment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colantoni, Andrea; Grigoriadis, Efstathios; Sateriano, Adele; Venanzoni, Giuseppe; Salvati, Luca

    2016-03-01

    The present study investigates changes in the use of land caused by the expansion of an informal city in the Mediterranean region (Athens, Greece) and it proposes a simplified methodology to assess selective land take at the scale of municipalities. The amount of land take over twenty years (1987-2007) for cropland, sparsely vegetated areas and natural land was compared with the surface area of the respective class at the beginning of the study period (1987). Indicators of selective land take by class were correlated with socioeconomic indicators at the scale of municipalities to verify the influence of the local context and the impact of urban planning on land take processes. Evidence indicates that urban expansion into fringe land consumes primarily cropland and sparse vegetation in the case of the Athens' metropolitan region. Cropland and sparse vegetation were consumed proportionally more than the respective availability in 16 municipalities out of 60. Agricultural land take was positively correlated with population density and growth rate, rate of participation to the job market and road density. Sparse vegetation land take was observed in municipalities with predominance of high density settlements. As a result of second-home expansion in coastal municipalities, natural land was converted to urban use in proportion to the availability in the landscape. Urban planning seems to have a limited impact on selective land take.

  12. [The WHO age-friendly cities program raises the issue of strategic planning, coordination and local political structure].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapon, Pierre-Marie

    2011-06-01

    In 2005 the World Health Organization initiated the «global age-friendly cities project» which encourages cities to be more inclusive of older people and to develop seniors' involvement by setting up a continuous cycle of assessment and improvement of urban living. The conclusions of the first french audit, which was made in Lyon in 2011, raise the issue of the capacity of cities to implement projects in all the areas fostering active aging. The question of strategic planning and of the level of intervention is relevant for the topics selected, and especially that of health. Is the present organization between the different actors satisfactory, or should large cities have more power? Co-ordination is necessary, and the creation of «gerontopoles» could bring an answer.

  13. Urban Risk Reduction Through Effective Disaster Management Plan-A Case Study Of Shimla City Himachal Pradesh India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhavna Karki

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract By 2050 70 of the worlds population will live in urban areas. In India the urban population has increased from 217 million to 377 million in last two decades .With increasing population the associated risk and vulnerability has also increased. As cities continue to grow there is increased pressure on resources exposure of lives livelihoods and economic social and environmental assets to risk is set to increase exponentially. Recognised as one of the best cities for public services and one of the oldest Municipal Corporation in India Shimla city is situated at the traverse spur of the Central Himalayas at 31004 N to 31010 N latitude and 77005 E to 77015 E longitude at an altitude of 2397.59 m metres amsl. This paper aims at underlying the role of Shimla Municipal Corporation SMC as local government in managing disasters in the city along with effective planning and risk assessments.

  14. Review Pages: Planning for Livable and Safe Cities: Socio-economic Changes in Advanced Societies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gennaro Angiello

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always remaining in the groove of rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. During the last two years a particular attention has been paid on the Smart Cities theme and on the different meanings that come with it. The last section of the journal is formed by the Review Pages. They have different aims: to inform on the problems, trends and evolutionary processes; to investigate on the paths by highlighting the advanced relationships among apparently distant disciplinary fields; to explore the interaction’s areas, experiences and potential applications; to underline interactions, disciplinary developments but also, if present, defeats and setbacks. Inside the journal the Review Pages have the task of stimulating as much as possible the circulation of ideas and the discovery of new points of view. For this reason the section is founded on a series of basic’s references, required for the identification of new and more advanced interactions. These references are the research, the planning acts, the actions and the applications, analysed and investigated both for their ability to give a systematic response to questions concerning the urban and territorial planning, and for their attention to aspects such as the environmental sustainability and the innovation in the practices. For this purpose the Review Pages are formed by five sections (Web Resources; Books; Laws; Urban Practices; News and Events, each of which examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage of interest for TeMA.

  15. Review Pages: Planning For Smart Cities. Dealing With New Urban Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gennaro Angiello

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always remaining in the groove of rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. During the last two years a particular attention has been paid on the Smart Cities theme and on the different meanings that come with it. The last section of the journal is formed by the Review Pages. They have different aims: to inform on the problems, trends and evolutionary processes; to investigate on the paths by highlighting the advanced relationships among apparently distant disciplinary fields; to explore the interaction’s areas, experiences and potential applications; to underline interactions, disciplinary developments but also, if present, defeats and setbacks. Inside the journal the Review Pages have the task of stimulating as much as possible the circulation of ideas and the discovery of new points of view. For this reason the section is founded on a series of basic’s references, required for the identification of new and more advanced interactions. These references are the research, the planning acts, the actions and the applications, analysed and investigated both for their ability to give a systematic response to questions concerning the urban and territorial planning, and for their attention to aspects such as the environmental sustainability and the innovation in the practices. For this purpose the Review Pages are formed by five sections (Web Resources; Books; Laws; Urban Practices; News and Events, each of which examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage of interest for TeMA.

  16. Smart City and Wise Urban Planning%智慧城市与智慧的城市规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓毛颖

    2015-01-01

    通过对智慧城市系统性的认知,全面梳理智慧城市从发起到实际应用的动态发展脉络,找到智慧城市得以不断发展壮大的源动力。从智慧城市建设的基础入手,深入探讨了国内外智慧城市建设的发展路径、建设条件和发展趋势。从对城市规划理论对智慧城市的引导,以及虚拟空间对城市网络化空间结构的影响关系入手,提出智慧城市规划的初步构想和空间布局优化策略。%This paper,based on a systematic knowledge of smart city,comprehensively sorts the dynamic develop-ment context of smart city from initiation to practical application,to find the source of why smart city can continue to develop.Beginning with the infrastructure of smart city construction,it deeply discusses the development of do-mestic and foreign smart city construction,construction conditions and trends.Concerning the impact on urban spa-tial structure of smart city virtual space as well as the interaction between city planning theory and the guidance to smart city,it presents the preliminary ideas of smart city and the optimization strategies of space layout.

  17. Multi-criteria evaluation in strategic environmental assessment for waste management plan, a case study: the city of Belgrade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Josimović, Boško; Marić, Igor; Milijić, Saša

    2015-02-01

    Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is one of the key instruments for implementing sustainable development strategies in planning in general; in addition to being used in sectoral planning, it can also be used in other areas such as waste management planning. SEA in waste management planning has become a tool for considering the benefits and consequences of the proposed changes in space, also taking into account the capacity of space to sustain the implementation of the planned activities. In order to envisage both the positive and negative implications of a waste management plan for the elements of sustainable development, an adequate methodological approach to evaluating the potential impacts must be adopted and the evaluation results presented in a simple and clear way, so as to allow planners to make relevant decisions as a precondition for the sustainability of the activities planned in the waste management sector. This paper examines the multi-criteria evaluation method for carrying out an SEA for the Waste Management Plan for the city of Belgrade (BWMP). The method was applied to the evaluation of the impacts of the activities planned in the waste management sector on the basis of the environmental and socioeconomic indicators of sustainability, taking into consideration the intensity, spatial extent, probability and frequency of impact, by means of a specific planning approach and simple and clear presentation of the obtained results.

  18. Analysis of City Planning and Urban Construction Management%浅析城市规划与城市建设管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝菲菲; 王启星

    2014-01-01

    笔者基于自身实践,通过对城市规划的概念及编制原则的阐述,论证了城市规划与城市建设管理之间的辩证关系,并对城市规划以及城市建设管理提出了一些实用性的意见,希望能对现代和谐城市、文明城市的建设提供一些参考。%The author based on his practice, through the expo- sition of concept and principle of the city planning, demonst- rates the dialectical relationship between city planning and ur- ban construction management, and provide some practical sug- gestions on city planning and city construction management, hoping to provide some reference for the construction of mod- ern harmonious city and civilized city.

  19. Urban planning of a global city space: hi-hume technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krivykh Elena Georgievna

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the problem of urban planning of new social space of metropolises in order to involve Hi-hume technologies in this process, which are formed under the decisive influence of information technologies. Centrifugal tendencies are strengthened in the process of urbanization. The metropolis reflecting the diversity of its functions is turning into a "space of stream" with a polycentric structure, imbued with functional links. The need for reverse social bonds makes it necessary to create an effective communication interaction by means of modern architecture and urban planning decisions. Hi-hume technologies are presented as ones that provide a certain human behavior to create a harmonic friendly and self-sufficient environment. The space activity of people (in a professional sense - the activity of an architect in the intention boiled down to design and distribution of meanings within a universal theoretical and methodological system or to formation of the "urban artifact" in a unique historical and cultural context. There are specific examples of formation of the 21st century metropolis: the projects of complex development of the Big Paris and in Russia - the project of the Big Moscow. The increased sociability (of a human being is the subject of philosophical reflection over the interpretation of the new form of sociality as essentially communicative. Le Corbusier gives an idea of the primacy of the internal space over the external in the world-view of a person and suggests the necessity of sustaining spatial immune systems to protect a person against the absorption in social superstructures. Architects defend the idea of the "emotional experience of emptiness" necessity by the residents of cities. Hi-Tech has outpaced the development of the social sphere. And significance of Hi-hume technologies is that they contribute to social selection of individuals, who are the conductors of their impact.

  20. School meal program in Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam: reality and future plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Duc Son Nguyen Trung

    2012-01-01

    The socio-economic status in Vietnam has developed during the past decades. People become busier for work, and thus they do not have enough time to prepare meal for their children. The school meal program, organized by Department of Education, was first implemented at a kindergarten in 1977, which has been extended to elementary school since 1980. Up to date, 100% of kindergarten and approximately 90% of elementary schools have school meal programs. The purposes of this program are to provide appropriate meals for students, and to serve as education and communication tool for students. About 90% of school meals are prepared in the school's kitchen and the rest are provided by food companies. The weekly menu provides approximately 30% of recommended dietary allowances (RDA) for students. To date, there has been is no official dietitian training school in Vietnam. The head of school kitchen, who is not dietitian, is required to participate in a short-term training course, where s/he learns basic nutrition, nutrition requirements and food hygiene and safety. The food companies, which provide meals to school, must be approved for the hygiene and safety condition by the Human Health Services Department of Ho Chi Minh City. In the next plan of national nutrition strategy, establishing dietitian training schools will be prioritized. In addition, the regular nutritional surveillance for school-aged students will be introduced in school system thus we can develop and evaluate the school meal program in terms of nutrients, food safety and nutrition education.

  1. Optimization of the Waterbus Operation Plan Considering Carbon Emissions: The Case of Zhoushan City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juying Wang

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Recently, as more people are concerned with the issues around environment protection, research about how to reduce carbon emissions has drawn increasing attention. Encouraging public transportation is an effective measure to reduce carbon emissions. However, overland public transportation does less to lower carbon because of the gradually increasing pressure of the urban road traffic. Therefore, the waterbus along the coast becomes a new direction of the urban public transport development. In order to optimize the operation plan of the waterbus, a bi-level model considering carbon emissions is proposed in this paper. In the upper-level model, a multiple objective model is established, which considers both the interests of the passengers and the operator while considering the carbon emissions. The lower-level model is a traffic model split by using a Nested Logit model. A NSGA-II (Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm-II algorithm is proposed to solve the model. Finally, the city of Zhoushan is chosen as an example to prove the feasibility of the model and the algorithm. The result shows that the proposed model for waterbus operation optimization can efficiently reduce transportation carbon emissions and satisfy passenger demand at the same time.

  2. Application of ecosystem health cost-effect analysis in eco-planning in Guangzhou City,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Xiurui; MAO Xianqiang; YANG Jurong; YANG Zhifeng

    2007-01-01

    Ecosystem health has been a focal point and research frontier of applied ecology in recent years,increasingly used in urban ecological studies.To quantify the effect of ecological improvement from eco-planning,an ecosystem health assessment method is used in eco-planning evaluation and decision support in the urban eco-planning research of Guangzhou City of China.Based on features of an urban ecosystem,five factors such as vigor,organizational structure,resilience,ability to maintain ecosystem service,and influence on people's health were selected to develop the assessment indicator system.Then.to evaluate the validity of planning measures,a cost-effect analysis of the different sce-narios on eco-planning was made,taking investment of the planned projects as the cost and ecosystem health state after implementing the scenarios as the effect.To establish priority of all the proposed planning schemes or countermeasures,variation of the ecosystem health state was evaluated when the investment of eco-environmental construction projects changes by±10%,±20% and±50%,respectively.Thus,the order of importance of eco-environment construction projects to the urban ecosystem health state Can be worked out,providing a reference for prioritizing the implementation of such urban eco-environmental projects.The study proved the trial value of an ecosystem health evaluation method in urban eco-planning research.

  3. Spatial Planning and High-tech Development A comparative study of Eindhoven city-region, the Netherlands and Hsinchu City-region, Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-Ju Huang

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available High-tech development—which lies at the very heart of the processes of economic growth—has been recognised by many developed and developing countries as a strategic instrument to enhance and sustain their competitiveness in the global economic network. Although the concept of high-tech development differs between countries, many share the underlying assumption that the core of high-tech development is to create a sound environment where innovation thrives. This ideology implies a definite spatial dimension. As a result, various spatial strategies have been formulated and implemented to support high-tech development. This has had intentional and unintentional effects on the economy, society and space.Numerous studies have been devoted to exploring, analysing and theorising this global phenomenon. However, there has been less attention given to the role spatial planning may play in the process of high-tech development and to the factors that shape the spatial planning approaches to high-tech development in a particular place. The major objectives of this research are to advance the knowledge of the role of spatial planning in the process of high-tech development, and to establish an analytical framework that helps reveal the major institutional factors that shape spatial planning mechanisms for dealing with the spatial issues of high-tech development in different places. This contributes to the field of high-tech spatial policies transfer and lesson-drawing.In order to explore the major factors that shape the practices of spatial planning in hightech development, a comparative approach is applied in this research. The Eindhoven city-region in the Netherlands and the Hsinchu city-region in Taiwan are selected as case study areas. Both city-regions can be recognised as success stories of high-tech development not only on a national scale but also on a global scale, despite the fact that they apply different approaches. In the Eindhoven city

  4. Energizing Green Cities in Southeast Asia : Applying Sustainable Urban Energy and Emissions Planning

    OpenAIRE

    Dejan R. Ostojic; Bose, Ranjan K.; Krambeck, Holly; Lim, Jeanette; Zhang, Yabei

    2013-01-01

    Fast-growing cities in the East Asia and Pacific (EAP) region will define the region's energy future and its greenhouse gas (GHG) footprint. Rapid urbanization and growing standards of living offer a major opportunity to EAP cities to become the global engines of green growth by choosing energy efficient solutions to suit their infrastructure needs and by avoiding locking in energy-intensive infrastructure. The underlying studies in three EAP pilot cities show a clear correlation between inve...

  5. Digitisation Project Planning in the Maribor City Library as a Form of Regional Cross Institutional Cooperation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Hriberšek Vuk

    2013-09-01

    Pohorju. The next project was initiated in cooperation with the Vurberk Tourist Association who contributed the photos for the exhibition about the Vurberk castle held at one of the branch libraries at Duplek. The Tourist Association was interested in the digitisation of their collection. Our partnership was extended to the Ivan Potrč Library of Ptuj and the Maribor University Library. In 201046 photos of the castle and the sanatorium of pulmonary disease, which was located in the castle during the second war, were digitised together with 12 postcards dating at the end of 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, and five older books about Vurberk. At first these items were accessible via dLib.si portal and later via the KAMRA portal, too. Although the Maribor City Library does not digitise such a large portion of library collection as other public libraries, it tries to cooperate in projects and ensure access to local history collections held by regional institutions. The partnership with the Maribor Regional Archive was to be established in 2012. A selection of materials of the former Tovarna avtomobilov Maribor (TAM was planned to be digitised. The factory was the leading national truck manufacturer in the postwar period. However, it was ruined at the end of the 20th century. A lot of local families were related to the factory. Because of the actuality of the theme, it is hoped that the project will reach its primary goal to attract a wide range of people.

  6. Multi-criteria evaluation in strategic environmental assessment for waste management plan, a case study: The city of Belgrade

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Josimović, Boško, E-mail: bosko@iaus.ac.rs; Marić, Igor; Milijić, Saša

    2015-02-15

    Highlights: • The paper deals with the specific method of multi-criteria evaluation applied in drafting the SEA for the Belgrade WMP. • MCE of the planning solutions, assessed according to 37 objectives of the SEA and four sets of criteria, was presented in the matrix form. • The results are presented in the form of graphs so as to be easily comprehensible to all the participants in the decision-making process. • The results represent concrete contribution proven in practice. - Abstract: Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is one of the key instruments for implementing sustainable development strategies in planning in general; in addition to being used in sectoral planning, it can also be used in other areas such as waste management planning. SEA in waste management planning has become a tool for considering the benefits and consequences of the proposed changes in space, also taking into account the capacity of space to sustain the implementation of the planned activities. In order to envisage both the positive and negative implications of a waste management plan for the elements of sustainable development, an adequate methodological approach to evaluating the potential impacts must be adopted and the evaluation results presented in a simple and clear way, so as to allow planners to make relevant decisions as a precondition for the sustainability of the activities planned in the waste management sector. This paper examines the multi-criteria evaluation method for carrying out an SEA for the Waste Management Plan for the city of Belgrade (BWMP). The method was applied to the evaluation of the impacts of the activities planned in the waste management sector on the basis of the environmental and socioeconomic indicators of sustainability, taking into consideration the intensity, spatial extent, probability and frequency of impact, by means of a specific planning approach and simple and clear presentation of the obtained results.

  7. FIRST STEPS IN URBAN PLANNING OF BULGARIAN CITIES WITH PARTICIPATION OF CZECH ARCHITECTS AND ENGINEERS AT THE TURN OF 19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolay Brankov

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on beginnings of the urban planning and first organized planning activities of Bulgarian cities at the turn of 19th and 20th centuries when many Czech engineers and architects participated in significantly. A common feature of all Bulgarian cities was irregular structure and build-up area. The main task of the Czech engineers was to cope with this situation and to design modern cities. In general, the original structure did not make planning easy and unambiguous. Planning of the cities destroyed in the Russian-Turkish war in 1877-78 was easier. A possibility to apply a new city structure freely existed in Stara Zagora and partially in Nova Zagora. A usual principle was straightening of the streets where the engineers used original street network and the new modern streets were built according to it, e.g. the centre of Kystendil and the old part of Nova Zagora. These principles were used also in some central parts of Sofia and Plovdiv. The city of Sofia itself is a distinctive example. Although the original structure was preserved during the war and in the first steps the principle of straightening of the streets in the centre was applied, the other parts of Sofia were designed with a new structure and the old city disappeared. Plovdiv is in contrary to Sofia and its original structure was preserved as an old city and the new one was joined to it in neighbourhoods.

  8. The Inter-city Rail Transit Planning Scheme for Jiangsu Cities Complex along Yangtze River%江苏省沿江城市群城际轨道交通线网规划方案研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓振林

    2012-01-01

    城际轨道交通的规划建设是城市群发展的必然要求,江苏沿江城市群是我国城市化进程过程中重点发展的区域。根据沿江地区城市群的特征,把沿江地区城际轨道交通线网分为主骨架城际网和都市圈城际网两个层次进行规划,重点研究沿江地区都市圈内部中心城市之间以及中心城市与中小城市之间的城际轨道交通通勤线网。%Plan and construction of intercity rail transit is an inevitable demand for the development of urban complexes to meet the requirements of increasing demand of passengers and freight traffic.Jiangsu cities complex along Yangtze River is a key concern during the process of China’s urbanization process.Based on the economic characteristics of cities complex along Yangtze River,the urban rain transit network planning along Yangtze River is classified into two levels: backbone inter-city network and metropolitan area inter-city network,key research is carried out on the intercity rail way network among the center cities and between the central city and medium and small city of the metropolitan area along Yangtze River.This paper is designed to put forward a more reasonable network planning of inter-city rail transit for Jiangsu cities complex along Yangtze River,but also provides some reference for the inter-city rail transit network planning of other urban agglomerations,which has a positive theoretical and practical significance.

  9. Collaborating to Innovate: Achievements and Challenges in the New York City Sectors Initiative Planning Phase

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodruff-Bolte, Stacy; Spaulding, Shayne

    2007-01-01

    In 2004, the New York City Department of Small Business Services and representatives from the New York City Workforce Development Funders Group joined together to form the Workforce Innovation Fund (WIF) with the goal of sharing expertise and learning and providing an avenue to merge resources to support common goals. WIF's first project was the…

  10. An Applied Mereology of the City: Unifying Science and Philosophy for Urban Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epting, Shane

    2016-10-01

    Based on their research showing that growing cities follow basic principles, two theoretical physicists, Luis Bettencourt and Geoffrey West, call for researchers and professionals to contribute to a grand theory of urban sustainability. In their research, they develop a 'science of the city' to help urban planners address problems that arise from population increases. Although they provide valuable insights for understanding urban sustainability issues, they do not give planners a manageable way to approach such problems. I argue that developing an applied mereology to understand the concept of 'city identity' gives planners a theoretical device for addressing urban affairs, including ethical concerns. In turn, I devise a model of city identity to show how a 'philosophy of the city' contributes to a grand theory of urban sustainability.

  11. Hybrid modelling for ATES planning and operation in the Utrecht city centre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaxa-Rozen, Marc; Bloemendal, Martin; Kwakkel, Jan; Rostampour, Vahab

    2016-04-01

    Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) systems can significantly reduce the energy use and greenhouse gas emissions of buildings in temperate climates. However, the rapid adoption of these systems has evidenced a number of emergent issues with the operation and management of urban ATES systems, which require careful spatial planning to avoid thermal interferences or conflicts with other subsurface functions. These issues have become particularly relevant in the Netherlands, which are currently the leading market for ATES (Bloemendal et al., 2015). In some urban areas of the country, the adoption of ATES technology is thus becoming limited by the available subsurface space. This scarcity is partly caused by current approaches to ATES planning; as such, static permits tend to overestimate pumping rates and yield excessive safety margins, which in turn hamper the energy savings which could be realized by new systems. These aspects are strongly influenced by time-dependent dynamics for the adoption of ATES systems by building owners and operators, and by the variation of ATES well flows under uncertain conditions for building energy demand. In order to take these dynamics into account, previous research (Jaxa-Rozen et al., 2015) introduced a hybrid simulation architecture combining an agent-based model of ATES adoption, a Matlab control design, and a MODFLOW/SEAWAT aquifer model. This architecture was first used to study an idealized case of urban ATES development. This case evidenced a trade-off between the thermal efficiency of individual systems and the collective energy savings realized by ATES systems within a given area, which had already been suggested by other research (e.g. Sommer et al., 2015). These results also indicated that current layout guidelines may be overly conservative, and limit the adoption of new systems. The present study extends this approach to a case study of ATES planning in the city centre of Utrecht, in the Netherlands. This case is

  12. Planning Greater Beijing and Building a World City Research on Spatial Development Planning for Beijing-Tianjin-Northern Hebei Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>1. Summary of the first phase re- search Beijing, as China’s capital, must develop into an integral part of the World City system to meet the challenges imposed by the international development of politics, economy and culture, though its current

  13. Co-Creative, Re-Generative Smart Cities. Smart Cities and Planning in a Living Lab Perspective 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano De Bonis

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available A particularly mild approach in money supply over three decades at the international level has encouraged the piling up of substantial amounts of debt through urban investment, particularly in less competitive systems . It appears therefore necessary ato elaborate stringent "urban financial statements", through a kind of digital agenda able to provide geo-referenced economic indicators about structure, value and performance of urban capital, and therefore capable to serve as a guide in future allocative choices of the myriad of holders of some stake of the above urban capital. Recognizing the role of such a multiplicity of stakeholders means to radically reconsider the transcendent assumptions of spatial planning in favor of an immanent view of it, also suitable as reference to integrate, in a single digital guidance framework, both the above geo-referenced economic indicators and the expressions (“images” coming from the stakeholders themselves. But it also means to refer to a model of self-governance of innovation, intended as a socially driven, organic process, embedded in scalable and resilient network ecosystems. This is essentially the mandate of a Territorial Living Lab, for which nevertheless governance is itself a matter for experimentation and innovation, as well of contamination with other models, within the objective of combining capital investments in urban regeneration with the need to attain an effective yield on such investments through diffused and citizen-based ownership of the urban innovation they aim to spark off.

  14. Integrating Infrastructure-Relevant Climate Projections into City Planning: Learning from Boulder CO, Austin TX and Washington DC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoner, A. M. K.; Hayhoe, K.

    2015-12-01

    Over the coming century, climate change has the potential to impact infrastructure in many different ways, particularly in population-dense areas that depend on transportation and built environments. Many of these impacts may occur via changes in the frequency and magnitude of extremes: high and low temperature, heat waves, precipitation, coastal flooding, and storm events. Having a better idea of how the climate might change locally, both within the near future as well as toward the end of the century, can give city planners and engineers guidance when designing new structures and when repairing and fortifying existing components of buildings, bridges, highways, sewers, ports, etc. However, the type of event and the amount of damages that may be incurred are often highly specific to a given location. Over the last 10 years, we have worked with a broad range of cities, states, non-profit organizations, and federal agencies to integrate climate projections into ongoing resiliency, sustainability, and management processes. Drawing on that experience, we describe the broad steps in assimilating climate information into existing decision-making frameworks relevant to most applications, as well as highlighting many of the unique aspects of these analyses using examples from our most recent work with three very different cities - Austin TX, Boulder CO and Washington DC. From initial conversations with local experts to identify relevant thresholds to final integration of projected changes into the planning processes of these cities, these case studies highlight the utility of including future climate projections into infrastructure planning, the challenges to doing so, and the over-arching importance of communication and interaction between infrastructure experts, engineers, and scientists.

  15. Urbanismo vs urbanización: distintas modalidades de hacer ciudad. / Town planning versus urbanization. Different ways of doing city.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cardenas Jirón, Luz Alicia

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available El Plan Regulador Comunal es el instrumento normativo de planeación urbanística chilena, cuya formulación pretende regular en el ámbito comunal básicamente los siguientes aspectos: los usos de suelo, las condiciones de edificación y subdivisión del suelo, la red vial estructurante y los limites urbanos.Se cree que este instrumento es imperfecto toda vez que no incorpora en la normativa una dimensión clave del urbanismo: la morfología urbana, entendida como el sistema espacial tridimensional de la ciudad. Por el contrario, el análisis empírico demuestra que factores como la forma urbana son respuestas del libre juego de fuerzas económicas y sociales modeladoras del espacio. En consecuencia, lo que domina es un patrón de urbanización en vez de un proyecto de urbanismo; las cuales son modalidades muy distintas de hacer ciudad.Este articulo pretende demostrar que la forma urbana, derivada de la aplicación del instrumento normativo en una comuna perimetral metropolitana como es Maipú, es uno de los impactos no previstos por el Plan Regulador, pero que podría incorporarse en un nuevo instrumento de planificación urbana./ Metropolitan Santiago is one of the many Latin American cities which has been developed according to a spread model of urbanisation. This pattern has caused at least two types of consequences: economic and physical ones. The former is shown in the speculation of land value at the rural fringe of the metropolitan area which has low prices, these have suddenly increased after the normative changes in the land use, from rural to urban. The later shows location of massive low-income housing and commercial malls regardless connection to the urban fabric and spatial shaping of the existing city. This results in a chaotic urban form resembling a "patchwork".This paper reviews the scope of a Chilean policy instrument called "Plan Regulador" used to control physical urban growth, particularly sprawled on the fringe of the

  16. Estudio sobre un Plan de la Vivienda para la ciudad de Santiago. / Study on Housing Plan for the city of Santiago

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muñoz Maluschka, Luis [1934

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available El punto de partida en la solución del problema de la vivienda en una ciudad, debe ser ante todo el aprovechamiento racional de los terrenos urbanizados disponibles en el área urbana que, en cuanto a la formación de poblaciones en el área de extensión o no urbanizada, debe obedecer a un plan bien meditado en relación con la posibilidad de extender los servicios urbanos a esa área de extensión. Se expone luego lo que debiera ser un plan de la vivienda técnicamente concebido. Se describe las clasificaciones previas de los interesados (adquirentes y arrendatarios; se establece luego grupos, en relación con los lugares de trabajo./The beginning of a solution to housing problems in a city is the rational use of the existing urbanized land that must obey a plan that has considered the possibility that there are areas not yet urbanized to which infrastructures and housing may be located in the future. In this article the author presents the type of housing plan developed technically, and also describes the groups concerned with the project (future owners and tenants, then organizes them into groups in relation to where they are employed.

  17. City marketing - a significant planning tool for urban development in a globalised economy

    OpenAIRE

    Liouris, Christos; Deffner, Alex

    2005-01-01

    In our days it is a fact that what is projected as the ‘image’ of a city, can be more important than the reality of the city itself, in shaping visitors’, investors’, and even its own inhabitants’ opinion of it. Marketing techniques are often used to help a city’s transformation into a post-industrial centre of tourism, culture and redevelopment. In addition, urban tourism is playing an increasingly important role in deciding economic development strategies by the local governance authorities...

  18. Cities and mobility: a planning guideline for community-compatible mobility; Stadtwege: Planungsleitfaden fuer Stadtvertraegliche Mobilitaet in Kommunen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    So far, municipal transport planning and policy have not really resulted in pioneering concepts for solving problems arising from the transport issue common to all cities. Even individual promising approaches, which mostly relate to singular aspects of municipal transport policy, cannot obscure the fact that the routines of transport planning obviate innovative impulses. Even the research project's two exemplary municipalities, Freiburg and Schwerin, are a long way from having attained a mobility beneficial to the community (as reflected in a report on these cities' transport situation in the annex). In both there are elements of motor-vehicle-oriented planning and transport policy, but also, in part, distinct clues to a decline in car orientation and to the furtherance of alternative, environmentally compatible means of transport. The present guideline wants to open up new perspectives and give concerned planners impulses. It summarizes results from the research project 'Compatibility of urban mobility' and describes new ideas and paradigms in municipal transport planning and policy. (orig.) [German] Kommunale Verkehrsplanung und -politik hat bisher nicht zu wirklich zukunftsweisenden Loesungsentwuerfen der flaechendeckend festzustellenden Verkehrsproblematik in den Staedten gefuehrt. Auch einzelne gute Ansaetze, die meist auf singulaere Aspekte der staedtischen Verkehrspolitik bezogen sind, koennen nicht darueber hinwegtaeuschen, dass die Routinen der Verkehrsplanung den Blick auf innovative Impulse verstellen. Auch die beiden Modellkommunen des Forschungsprojektes, Freiburg und Schwerin, sind um einiges von dem Ziel der Stadtvertraeglichen Mobilitaet entfernt (s. verkehrliche Zustandsbeschreibung im Anhang). In beiden Staedten finden sich Elemente der autoorientierten Planung und Verkehrspolitik, aber auch zum Teil deutliche Hinweise des Zurueckdraengens der Autoorientierung und der Foerderung der umweltvertraeglichen

  19. The influence of social networks in visiting, planning and living in cities. Alexplore: A pilot project in Alexandria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dina Sameh Taha

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The presented work aims at identifying the potentials of mobile social networking and geo-coding to promote cities, as well as to test their usefulness as decision support systems for planners. Alexplore is an application that was developed by planners rather than IT specialists using emerging web 2.0 technologies. Penetration rates of mobile internet access, as well as smartphone usage ensure a solid base for such applications worldwide as well as in Egypt. This paper traces the influence of social networks on tourism and city planning through the past decade and pinpoints its contributions and constraints. It highlights the potentials of social networks for tourists, planners, and citizens. Through the paper, the concept, technology, functionality, and limitations of Alexplore are thoroughly explained. In spite of current shortcomings, Alexplore provides solid benefits for its different stakeholders. Few concerns occur due to the proper application of ethical rules to social networking as well as due to fear of over dependency on such techniques. It is believed that with the development of the technology, many currently functional issues will be alleviated. Last, Alexplore should not be regarded as a replacement for traditional planning methods, but rather a useful augmentation to it.

  20. "EII META-MODEL" ON INTEGRATION FRAMEWORK FOR VIABLE ENTERPRISE SYSTEMS - CITY PLANNING METAPHOR BASED ON STRUCTURAL SIMILARITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yukio NAMBA; Junichi IIJIMA

    2003-01-01

    Enterprise systems must have the structure to adapt the change of business environment. Whenrebuilding enterprise system to meet the extended operational boundaries, the concept of IT cityplanning is applicable and effective. The aim of this paper is to describe the architectural approachfrom the integrated information infrastructure (In3) standpoint and to propose for applying the "CityPlanning" concept for rebuilding "inter-application spaghetti" enterprise systems. This is mainlybecause the portion of infrastructure has increased with the change of information systems fromcentralized systems to distributed and open systems. As enterprise systems have involvedheterogeneity or architectural black box in them, it may be required the integration framework(meta-architecture) as a discipline based on heterogeneity that can provide comprehensive view of theenterprise systems. This paper proposes "EH Meta-model" as the integration framework that canoptimize the overall enterprise systems from the IT city planning point of view. EH Meta-modelconsists of "Integrated Information Infrastructure Map (In3-Map)", "Service Framework" and "ITScenario". It would be applicable and effective for the viable enterprise, because it has the mechanismto adapt the change. Finally, we illustrate a case of information system in an online securitiescompany and demonstrate applicability and effectiveness of EII Meta-model to meet their businessgoals.

  1. 城市广场色彩规划初探%A Primary Study on City Square Color Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建滨; 王旭

    2012-01-01

    From defining the concept of city square color and analyzing its features, we put forward three principles of square color planning which is based on the premise that we advocate respecting people's psychological perception. Furthermore, under the guide of color psychology, we try to make a primary study on the methods and applications in city square color and lighting color planning from the macroscopic angle of functional properties and the microcosmic angle of the elements.%该文从界定城市广场色彩的概念和分析其特点入手,在提倡尊重使用人群心理感知的前提下提出了广场色彩规划的三原则,并在色彩心理学的指导下,从功能性质的宏观角度和构成元素的微观角度初步探究城市广场色彩及照明色彩规划的方法及其应用.

  2. Framework for reports on urban energy planning in 6 case cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje; Große, Juliane;

    The purpose of this report (Deliverable 4.1) is to provide guidance for the work on Deliverable 4.2 (D4.2). D4.2 will consist of six separate case study reports (or ‘city reports’, one for each of the 6 PLEEC cities) which will be conducted by different persons of the Work package 4 (WP4)-team....... Therefore it is important to have a joint framework, defining the relevant questions and issues which should be worked on. However, as the six cities are very different, the framework stays at a general level to allow different foci in each of the reports. The main addressee is the WP4-team who will work...... in February 2014 with city partners and the WP4 workshop in Turku in March 2014. Some background material can be found in the Annex. Notes from the meetings are available on the internal PLEEC homepage. The PLEEC project Energy efficiency is high on the European agenda. One of the goals of the European Union...

  3. Sustainable living in a Chinese city. Analysis and support for market-conscious urban planning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hu, H.

    2014-01-01

    In the transition from a state-led industrial to a market-driven post-industrial urban economy, China’s planners are facing challenges in building sustainable living environment for the rapidly increasing and wealthier urban population.Citizens are the end-users of the sustainable city. Their prefer

  4. The Inconsistent City, Participatory Planning, and the Part of No Part in Recife, Brazil

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vries, de Pieter

    2016-01-01

    This article engages with the trajectory of urban participation in Recife, Brazil, from its start as a governance system aimed at ensuring the right of the poor to the city, to the introduction by the Workers' Party of participatory budgeting. I argue that participation is used by the state in or

  5. Urban Land-banking Planning: A New Instrument to Regulate Urban Land Supply-demand of Nanjing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tu Xiaosong; Pu Lijie; Huang Xianjin; Jin Xiaobin

    2008-01-01

    It is the major purpose of the paper to present the urban land-banking planning and its functions of promoting the urban land-banking system and land use administration. The urban land-banking system has the potential attribute of acting as an irreplaceable role in urban land administration, but its unexpected function-deviation has impacted its implementation effect in China. A few city governments are attempting to deal with the problem by the urban land-banking planning which is expected to contribute to the extension of urban function, optimization of urban patterns, promotion of urban core competitiveness and overall construction of the urban value chain. In this paper, we primarily discuss the necessity, functions, purposes and main contents of the urban land-banking planning. Subsequently, the implementing situation of the urban land-banking system in Nan-jing is analyzed, including its integrated mode, spatio-temporal quantitative distribution and main characteristics. Finally, the background and targets including total, compositions, space, and regulation points are gradually introduced to present the Nanjing land-banking planning version 2.

  6. ¿Hacia el no-plan de la no-ciudad? / Towards the non-plan non-city?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavez R. María Isabel

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Los proyectos de Planes Reguladores de las comunas de Pirque y Peñaflor, en la Región Metropolitana de Santiago -correspondientes a prestaciones de servicios profesionales de los autores, arquitectos del Departamento de Urbanismo de la F.A.U. de la Universidad de Chile- y los cambios estructurales en la Micro-Región de Santiago, sugieren reflexiones sobre la actuación en Urbanismo en Chile en la primera mitad de los años 1990s./ Regulators Plan projects in the communes of Pirque and Peñaflor, in the Metropolitan Region of Santiago de Chile and structural changes in the Micro-Region of Santiago, suggest reflections on the role in town planning in Chile in the first half of the 1990s.

  7. The Application of Scenario Analysis in the Overall Planning of Land Use:A Case Study of Shangluo City in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Pi-ling; YANG Hai-juan

    2012-01-01

    The overall planning of land use is a complex process of joint action of social system, natural and economic conditions. On the basis of summarizing the existing researches, we select Shaanxi’s Shangluo City, located in the Qinba mountainous area as the study object, to expound the concept and steps of scenario analysis based on land use change data, under the guidance of ecological safety and sustainable development theory. We design four different scenarios of land use planning program in Shangluo City during the period 2006-2020, and use grey linear programming model to analyze each scenario. The results show that the scenario analysis is feasible in the adjustment of land use structure in Shangluo City; operable in the determining of land use planning program on a macro-municipal scale.

  8. Formulating a Strategic Response Plan for a High-Risk Seismic Event in New York City

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    established quickly following the earthquake. The Canterbury District Health Board coordinated health and medical support across the city, cancelling elective ...Codes  Hospitals operational despite damage (resiliency)  Medical care expertly managed (cancelling elective surgery and outpatients, moving...along with 206 businesses, practically half of downtown.188 Streets, sidewalks and the city’s century-old water and sewer system below had been ripped

  9. Planning and Construction of Low Carbon Cities:The Relevance of Cost-Benefit Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Stanley; C.T.YIP

    2011-01-01

    Cities are the major source of carbon dioxide emissions in China,and are the critical locations where emissions should be effectively managed.Adopting a low carbon urban development model is the pathway towards reducing the emissions.A low carbon city development model means achieving efficient and effective urban growth through low energy consumption and low emissions.While many local authorities in China have started to express the intention to construct low carbon cities,it is important to emphasize the need to apply a Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) to low carbon urban policies and development projects.Since all policies and projects will have their costs and benefits to the society,the effects of the policies and projects on reducing emissions should be measured and assessed objectively.Through the setting up of an analysis framework to assess the costs and benefits,one can provide a scientific basis for decision making,and enhance the overall efficiency in the use of resources for the society as a whole.

  10. Plan for Prevention of Natural Hazards in Urban Areas. Case of the City of Constantine (Algeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ykhlef Boubakeur

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Natural hazards are caused by different phenomena: landslides, earthquakes, floods etc. All the manifestations of forces of nature are called phenomena. We are speaking then of natural risks when these problems are threatening, with varying degrees, human activities, causing significant damage to human life, property and the environment. The need to consider natural hazards in land use planning tasks has become a major concern. During these past years, Algeria has been hit by frequent natural disasters, with the most recent ones endangering the lives of people and causing priceless damage, faced with such a situation the company of adequate measures, capable of exercising effective prevention, is essential. In addition to the seismic risk, for which prevention still needs to be improved, Algeria must also face gravity processes such as landslides. By their suddenness, they can put people in danger and destroy entire buildings involving the evacuation of entire neighbourhoods where the financial impact is significant on the state budget and local government. The main interest of this paper is the feasibility of a plan for prevention of natural disasters related to landslides based on geological maps, topography, hydrogeological and on existing buildings and vulnerability, and eventually lead to a Zoning risk that would be considered for inclusion in the Master Plan of Urban Planning and Land Use Plan and provide support for decisions taken by local authorities for the selection of sites.

  11. Clean Cities Strategic Planning White Paper: Light Duty Vehicle Fuel Economy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saulsbury, Bo [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Hopson, Dr Janet L [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Greene, David [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Gibson, Robert [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

    2015-04-01

    Increasing the energy efficiency of motor vehicles is critical to achieving national energy goals of reduced petroleum dependence, protecting the global climate, and promoting continued economic prosperity. Even with fuel economy and greenhouse gas emissions standards and various economic incentives for clean and efficient vehicles, providing reliable and accurate fuel economy information to the public is important to achieving these goals. This white paper reviews the current status of light-duty vehicle fuel economy in the United States and the role of the Department of Energy (DOE) Clean Cities Program in disseminating fuel economy information to the public.

  12. 基于城市总体规划实施效果的研究与反思--以咸宁市城市总体规划为例%Research and Reflection on the Implementation of City Over all Planning--Taking the Over all Planning of Xianning City as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张帆

    2014-01-01

    城市总体规划是指导城市发展的重要公共政策,也是引导城乡统筹发展的纲领性文件。基于对咸宁市城市总规实施的反思,本文对总规指导城市建设发生的主要问题进行研究并提出规划改进建议和思考。%The overal city planning is an important public policy guidance of city development, is the programmatic doc-ument guiding the urban and rural balance development. Based on the reflection on the implementation of the general plan of Xianning city, this paper studies the main problems in the ov-eral planning guiding city construction, and proposes improv-ement suggestions and thoughts.

  13. On planning methods for outdoor advertisements in medium and small cities%中小城市户外广告规划方法探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董凤君

    2016-01-01

    结合漯河市户外广告的类型及规划现状,运用网络规划法和类型重组法,分别从宏观和中观两个层面对中小城市户外广告的规划、数量及位置进行了控制,旨在促进户外广告的健康发展,树立良好的城市形象.%Combining with the outdoor advertisement types and planning in Luohe city,the paper adopts the network planning and type restructu-ring method,and undertakes the planning for the number planning and location for the outdoor advertisement in medium and small cities from the macroscopic and middle scopes,so as to enhance the healthy development for the outdoor advertisements and establish better urban image.

  14. Planning the City Logistics Terminal Location by Applying the Green p-Median Model and Type-2 Neurofuzzy Network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pamučar, Dragan; Vasin, Ljubislav; Atanasković, Predrag; Miličić, Milica

    2016-01-01

    The paper herein presents green p-median problem (GMP) which uses the adaptive type-2 neural network for the processing of environmental and sociological parameters including costs of logistics operators and demonstrates the influence of these parameters on planning the location for the city logistics terminal (CLT) within the discrete network. CLT shows direct effects on increment of traffic volume especially in urban areas, which further results in negative environmental effects such as air pollution and noise as well as increased number of urban populations suffering from bronchitis, asthma, and similar respiratory infections. By applying the green p-median model (GMM), negative effects on environment and health in urban areas caused by delivery vehicles may be reduced to minimum. This model creates real possibilities for making the proper investment decisions so as profitable investments may be realized in the field of transport infrastructure. The paper herein also includes testing of GMM in real conditions on four CLT locations in Belgrade City zone.

  15. Planning the City Logistics Terminal Location by Applying the Green p-Median Model and Type-2 Neurofuzzy Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragan Pamučar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper herein presents green p-median problem (GMP which uses the adaptive type-2 neural network for the processing of environmental and sociological parameters including costs of logistics operators and demonstrates the influence of these parameters on planning the location for the city logistics terminal (CLT within the discrete network. CLT shows direct effects on increment of traffic volume especially in urban areas, which further results in negative environmental effects such as air pollution and noise as well as increased number of urban populations suffering from bronchitis, asthma, and similar respiratory infections. By applying the green p-median model (GMM, negative effects on environment and health in urban areas caused by delivery vehicles may be reduced to minimum. This model creates real possibilities for making the proper investment decisions so as profitable investments may be realized in the field of transport infrastructure. The paper herein also includes testing of GMM in real conditions on four CLT locations in Belgrade City zone.

  16. An Integrated Assessment Method for Sustainable Transport System Planning in a Middle Sized German City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Schmale

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite climate change mitigation and sustainability agendas, road transport systems in Germany and the resulting environmental burden are growing. Road transport is a significant source of emissions in urban areas and the infrastructure has a significant impact on the urban form. Nevertheless, mobility is a fundamental requirement for the satisfaction of the human desire to socially and economically engage in society. Considering these realities and the desire for sustainable development in a growing city (Potsdam, Germany, an integrated assessment methodology was co-developed among scientists and practitioners to prioritize a suite of transport-related measures. The methodology reflects the city’s qualitative and quantitative goals to improve public transport and promote sustainability, capturing synergies in categories that include environmental considerations as well as road safety, eco-mobility, and quality of life. This approach applies a multi-criteria analysis (MCA to derive a practically relevant solution for the local traffic and mobility problems that fosters ownership and accountability of all involved. This paper reflects on the process of developing the MCA, and the different aspects that were found important and required consideration during the process. Recommendations on specific traffic-related measures and the assessment of their effectiveness are not given. The aim is that such process information could foster greater collaboration within city departments and similar transdisciplinary efforts.

  17. Comparison of planned menus and centre characteristics with foods and beverages served in New York City child-care centres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breck, Andrew; Dixon, L Beth; Khan, Laura Kettel

    2016-01-01

    Objective The present study evaluated the extent to which child-care centre menus prepared in advance correspond with food and beverage items served to children. The authors identified centre and staff characteristics that were associated with matches between menus and what was served. Design Menus were collected from ninety-five centres in New York City (NYC). Direct observation of foods and beverages served to children were conducted during 524 meal and snack times at these centres between April and June 2010, as part of a larger study designed to determine compliance of child-care centres with city health department regulations for nutrition. Setting Child-care centres were located in low-income neighbourhoods in NYC. Results Overall, 87% of the foods and beverages listed on the menus or allowed as substitutions were served. Menu items matched with foods and beverages served for all major food groups by > 60%. Sweets and water had lower match percentages (40 and 32%, respectively), but water was served 68% of the time when it was not listed on the menu. The staff person making the food and purchasing decisions predicted the match between the planned or substituted items on the menus and the foods and beverages served. Conclusions In the present study, child-care centre menus included most foods and beverages served to children. Menus planned in advance have potential to be used to inform parents about which child-care centre to send their child or what foods and beverages their enrolled children will be offered throughout the day. PMID:27280341

  18. The City at Play: "Second Life" and the Virtual Urban Planning Studio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, David; Hollander, Justin B.

    2010-01-01

    This study interrogates the idea of using videogames and game-like virtual worlds as a means to advance studio education pedagogy. Looking at a series of case studies of urban planning courses taught using "Second Life," the results describe the potentials, and limits, of this emerging digital media. Key findings are that the virtual worlds…

  19. When Visions for City Planning and Development are Translated into Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zapata Campos, Maria José; Zapata, Patrik

    The ‘knowing-doing’ gaps between policy goals and their outcome when implemented is of increasing concern both in practice and in research. This paper explores how the visions of a sustainable development and the corresponding planning are translated into practice; what aspects of visions and pla...

  20. Experience in New Socialist Countryside Planning and Construction and Recommendations: A Case Study of Haotang Village in Xinyang City of Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bin; ZHENG; Qi; GONG; Xi; MA; Xiaofang; ZHANG; Lu; GAN; Ying; ZHU

    2014-01-01

    Taking Haotang Village in Xinyang City of Henan Province as an example,this paper analyzed experience of this village in development of new socialist countryside construction. The new socialist countryside planning and construction should attach importance to research on original spatial pattern of villages,really respect and bring into play subject function of farmers,and deeply explore rural financial services. It is expected to provide reference for future new socialist countryside planning and construction.

  1. The Positioning and Analysis of Leshan City Tourism Planning Based on Multivariate Planning Theory%基于多元规划理论的乐山市旅游规划定位分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡亚会; 孔胜; 张同健

    2013-01-01

      乐山市是我国西部著名的旅游城市,旅游规划是促进乐山市旅游资源开发的有效策略。乐山市旅游规划存在着非连续性、片面性、孤立性的弊端。旅游规划的实施需要遵循多元性的规划理论的指导。旅游规划定位的分析可以为乐山市旅游规划的实施提供基本性的指导思想,从而有效地提高乐山市旅游规划的效率。%Leshan City is a famous tourism city in western China,and the tourism planning is an effective way to promote the development of its tourism resources. There are non-continuous,one-sidedness and isolation of drawbacks for Leshan City’s tourism planning. Tourism planning and implementation needs to follow the guidance of multivariate planning theory. Tourism planning and positioning analysis can provide basic guiding ideology for tourism planning implementation,and effectively improve the efficiency of the tourism planning in Leshan City.

  2. The Contribution of Energy-Optimized Urban Planning to Efficient Resource Use–A Case Study on Residential Settlement Development in Dhaka City, Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujit Kumar Sikder

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study examines and explores the contribution of an energy-optimized urban planning approach to efficient resource use in the context of Dhaka city, Bangladesh. A conceptual energy optimization model called the “EnUp” model has been developed and tested for feasibility and adaptation strategies to improve urban energy use in residential settlements. This study is based on a system analysis and grounded theory approach that involved field methods including key informant (KI interviews and collection of data and information from local urban planning offices and other secondary sources. Results show that the adoption of an energy-optimized planning approach is possible and necessary in Dhaka city. The “EnUp“ model can be applied in new urban settlement planning and retrofitting existing urban settlements. Ensuring various stakeholders' participation, technical inputs, and adaptability could make this innovative model and approach replicable in many other cities in the world. The study facilitates a better documentation and visualization for comprehensive urban planning and energy planning process in developing countries, while providing useful insights to policy makers, planners, developers, and interested urban stakeholders in the transition to urban sustainability.

  3. 苏州市雨水利用规划研究%Research on Rainwater Utilization Planning in Suzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁怡; 黄天寅; 袁旭

    2011-01-01

    Based on the natural and geographic environment of Suzhou City, the paper had introduced its water resources condition, rainwater collection system and quality. By taking the Youth Activity Center in the industrial park, new eco-museum in the industrial park, Suzhou Agricultural School and vegetable farm in Jinchang District for example, rainwater utilization in Suzhou City had been investigated and its laws and regulations been explained. On this basis, it had discussed Suzhou rainwater utilization planning, analyzed rainwater utilization planning of squares, urban roads, residential areas, public architectures and eco-parks, utilization of replenishing landscape water at riparian and waterfront belts, and ecological agricultural land construction. It hoped to reduce the load of rainwater pollution, improve the water environment of Suzhou City and further release the demand pressure for excellent water resources through implementing rainwater utilization system and reducing the threat of flood step by step.%结合苏州市的自然地理环境,介绍了其水资源现状,以及苏州市的雨水收集体系及其水质,以工业园区的青少年活动中心、工业园区中新生态馆、苏州农校、金阊区蔬菜园艺场为例,考察了苏州市的雨水利用现状,并且阐释了苏州市雨水利用的法律法规保障.在此基础上探讨苏州市雨水利用规划,分析了广场雨水利用规划,市政道路雨水利用项目,住宅小区、公用建筑、生态公园雨水利用项目,滨河、滨湖带的补充景观水的利用实施方案,以及生态农地建设.以期通过逐步推行雨水利用制度,逐年减少雨洪对苏州市的威胁,削减雨水污染负荷,改善苏州市水体环境,进一步缓解对优质水资源的需求压力.

  4. Strategic Energy Planning of Residential Buildings in a Smart City: A System Dynamics Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giancarlo Caponio

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Buildings are the largest urban energy consumers, but their impact can be largely cut back by improving efficiency. Policy-making plays a crucial role in harmonizing national and local incentive schemes. The authors analyse variables related to energy consumption, then propose a simulation model based on System Dynamics applied to a medium-sized Italian city. The model allows the testing of “what-if” scenarios and analysis of the results of implementing energy efficiency policies. Results stress the importance of a holistic view of urban energy processes. Simulation trends provide essential information for the city’s future energy and carbon emission profiles, helping policy-makers to achieve their goal.

  5. 城市园林规划中的植物群落设计探究%Research of Design of Plant Community in City Landscape Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程涛

    2014-01-01

    城市园林的规划建设需要采取科学的设计措施才能够更好地满足人们的审美需求,更好地推动城市的发展。本文对当前城市园林规划中植物群落的设计问题进行了分析与论述。%The planning and construction of city landscape design need to take scientific measures to beter meet the aes- thetic needs of the people and to beter promote the deve- lopment of the city. In this paper, the design problem of the current plant community in city landscape planning were an- alyzed and discussed.

  6. The return of regulation in the shopping landscape? Reflecting on the persistent power of city centre preservation within shifting retail planning ideologies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spierings, Bas

    2006-01-01

    Since the construction of the hierarchical retail system in the postwar period, the main goal of Dutch retail planning has been to preserve city centres and the complementary shopping centres. National guidelines restricted the development of large-scale retail locations on peripheral sites. Conside

  7. Toward a research and action agenda on urban planning/design and health equity in cities in low and middle-income countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smit, Warren; Hancock, Trevor; Kumaresen, Jacob; Santos-Burgoa, Carlos; Sánchez-Kobashi Meneses, Raúl; Friel, Sharon

    2011-10-01

    The importance of reestablishing the link between urban planning and public health has been recognized in recent decades; this paper focuses on the relationship between urban planning/design and health equity, especially in cities in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). The physical urban environment can be shaped through various planning and design processes including urban planning, urban design, landscape architecture, infrastructure design, architecture, and transport planning. The resultant urban environment has important impacts on the health of the people who live and work there. Urban planning and design processes can also affect health equity through shaping the extent to which the physical urban environments of different parts of cities facilitate the availability of adequate housing and basic infrastructure, equitable access to the other benefits of urban life, a safe living environment, a healthy natural environment, food security and healthy nutrition, and an urban environment conducive to outdoor physical activity. A new research and action agenda for the urban environment and health equity in LMICs should consist of four main components. We need to better understand intra-urban health inequities in LMICs; we need to better understand how changes in the built environment in LMICs affect health equity; we need to explore ways of successfully planning, designing, and implementing improved health/health equity; and we need to develop evidence-based recommendations for healthy urban planning/design in LMICs.

  8. Application of Theory of Planned Behavior in Predicting of effective Factors on heterosexual relationship in girls Adolescence of Birjand city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narges Sarzehi

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Puberty is one of the most critical periods in life that makes individual to feel and behave in a different way. One of the major issues faced young people is the conflict between spiritual values, customary and familiar to the freedom or non-freedom of heterosexual relationships and how to deal with it. Therefore, this study aimed to determine Predicting Factors heterosexual relationship in girls Adolescence of Birjand city. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive analytical study, samples were collected from   girl students in high schools in different regions of Birjand in 2015. The survey was carried out via simple random sampling of 395 students. Data were collected by the validated and reliable questionnaire based on theory of planned behavior. The gathered data were analyzed using SPSS20 and descriptive statistical tests and , Pearson correlation, logistic regression , t- test and ANOVA tests in significant level less than 0.05... Results: Among the adolescents participating in this study 43.9% with an average duration was about 15±7 months. Logistic regression analysis showed that attitudes (P≤0.001, intention (P≤0.001, mother's occupation (p=0.03, family size (p=0.01, birth (p=0.03 and the satellite programs watching (p=0.01 strong predictor for the heterosexual relationship individuals were studied. Conclusion: According to the results of this study showed that the attitude and intention for the relationship with the opposite sex were strong predictors. So the theory of planned behavior can be used as an effective method for planning and intervention to prevent heterosexual relationship.

  9. Review Pages: Planning for Livable and Safe Cities: Energy, Pollution and the Degradation of the Urban Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gennaro Angiello

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always remaining in the groove of rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. During the last two years a particular attention has been paid on the Smart Cities theme and on the different meanings that come with it. The last section of the journal is formed by the Review Pages. They have different aims: to inform on the problems, trends and evolutionary processes; to investigate on the paths by highlighting the advanced relationships among apparently distant disciplinary fields; to explore the interaction’s areas, experiences and potential applications; to underline interactions, disciplinary developments but also, if present, defeats and setbacks. Inside the journal the Review Pages have the task of stimulating as much as possible the circulation of ideas and the discovery of new points of view. For this reason the section is founded on a series of basic’s references, required for the identification of new and more advanced interactions. These references are the research, the planning acts, the actions and the applications, analysed and investigated both for their ability to give a systematic response to questions concerning the urban and territorial planning, and for their attention to aspects such as the environmental sustainability and the innovation in the practices. For this purpose the Review Pages are formed by five sections (Web Resources; Books; Laws; Urban Practices; News and Events, each of which examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage of interest for TeMA

  10. Discussion On Planning and Construction for Emergency Refuge in Tangshan City%唐山市应急避难场所的规划与建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王卫国

    2011-01-01

    Emergency refuges, temporary places for resident emergency evacuation and temporary life with emergency shelter service facilities, are prepared for earthquakes and other emergencies. Planning and construction of emergency refuges is one of important contents of planning of city disaster prevention and can play a key role in coping with emergency such as earthquake and is one of important contents of city public safety. The paper elaborates the necessity of city planning and construction and the principles of emergency refuges construction management and use about emergency refuge in disaster prevention by the work of the planning and construction of emergency refuge in the city of Tangshan. The paper can provide a source of planning and construction of emergency refuge for other cities.%应急避难场所是通过规划和建设从而具有应急避难生活服务设施、可供居民紧急疏散和能够临时生活的场所。应急避难场所的规划建设是城市防灾规划的重要内容,在应对地震等突发灾害事件中能起到关键作用,是城市公共安全的一项重要内容。本文结合唐山市应急避难场所规划建设工作,阐述了城市应急避难场所规划建设在城市防灾中的必要性。论述了应急避难场所的规划建设、管理与使用的原则。本文可为其他城市应急避难场所的规划建设提供参考。

  11. Environmental Risk Assessment for Landscape - ecological Planning in the City Vranov nad Topľou

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusičová, Zuzana; Bálintová, Magdaléna

    2012-11-01

    Pollution of the environment components in many cases presents unacceptable risks to human health and the environment. Risk analysis is one of the tools which help to find a socially acceptable level of the environmental quality. Evaluation of the environmental impacts can be the base for the optimal spatial arrangement and functional use of territory - landscape optimization. In Slovakia, LANDEP methodology based on the principles of sustainable development, is very often used for landscape planning. The paper deals with environmental risk assessment of components of environment (air, water, soil, waste, etc.). The results are used as a base for design of the optimal spatial setting and functional utilization of the land - landscape optimization.

  12. The industrial city and its structural changes in local plans on the example of Ruda Śląska, Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rysz Kamil

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In the modern world, the subject of spatial planning is being increasingly raised by residents of municipalities - mainly because of the lack of a direct influence on the process of local development and aesthetics of the surroundings. Today, the primary objective of spatial planning is not only to form a proper connection between function and space but also to balance public and private interests. Constantly developed geographic spatial information systems allow not only for easy navigation around the city, but more importantly for more advanced analyses, such as the recognition of the current trends in estate development, communication systems, changes in agricultural and forest areas. The main objective of the research is to define functional-spatial links determined by social-economic needs reflected in local plans and to verify the similarities between local plans, that were drawn up in three different periods (PRL, the transition period, and in accordance with nowadays applicable laws, how the changing economic, social goals and current needs of the city affected the continuation of the adopted solutions. The study shows that despite changes in the law and abandoning the idea of industrial city, in which the landscape is dominated by blast furnaces and mine shafts, the basic trend has been maintained and local plans prepared in subsequent years form a continuum, and despite the different scales of development are closely linked. At the same time it has been shown that modern GIS tools enable verification of the continuity of spatial policy of the municipality.

  13. Investigation acoustic comfort indexes in staff of open plan offices in state banks in Hamadan city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trifah Nezami

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background & Objectives: Noise is one of the most detrimental factors in working environments that alongside other physical problems have adverse effects on the mental health of employees. Open plan offices such as banks are under the influence of noise pollution sources, which can have a negative impact on health and comfort of employees. This study aimed to identify the sources of noise pollution in the banks and the level of noise annoyance among their employees . Methods: A-weighted Sound Pressure Level measured in the banks by a sound level meter. Perefferd noise curve (PNC and speech interference index (SIL were calculated, prevalence of noise annoyance, effects and clarity of speech were determined using a questionnaire with a reliability coefficient of 0.88 completed by 175 employees of Hamadan banks . Results: Sound Pressure Level equivalent of the banks were 64.11 dB. The average value of SIL index was calculated 54.93 dB and PNC index were calculated 58.17 dB and 48.2 dB for banks working and not-working times, respectively. According to bank staff opinions, the main source of noise pollution was commotion of clienteles that reduce concentration and increase overall effort to understand speech of colleagues. Conclusion: Noise emission in the studied banks had a low frequency band. PNC, and SIL indexes are perfect indexes for describing the acoustics condition and control plan for open office environments .

  14. Green stormwater infrastructure eco-planning and development on the regional scale: a case study of Shanghai Lingang New City, East China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Haishun; Chen, Liang; Zhao, Bing; Zhang, Qiuzhuo; Cai, Yongli

    2016-06-01

    Urban underlying surface has been greatly changed with rapid urbanization, considered to be one of the major causes for the destruction of urban natural hydrological processes. This has imposed a huge challenge for stormwater management in cities. There has been a shift from gray water management to green stormwater management thinking. The green stormwater infrastructure (GSI) is regarded as an effective and cost-efficient stormwater management eco-landscape approach. China's GSI practice and the development of its theoretical framework are still in the initial stage. This paper presents an innovative framework for stormwater management, integrating green stormwater infrastructure and landscape security patterns on a regional scale based on an urban master plan. The core concept of green stormwater infrastructure eco-planning is to form an interconnected GSI network (i.e., stormwater management landscape security pattern) which consists of the location, portion, size, layout, and structure of GSI so as to efficiently safeguard natural hydrological processes. Shanghai Lingang New City, a satellite new town of Shanghai, China was selected as a case study for GSI studies. Simulation analyses of hydrological processes were carried out to identify the critical significant landscape nodes in the highpriority watersheds for stormwater management. GSI should be planned and implemented in these identified landscape nodes. The comprehensive stormwater management landscape security pattern of Shanghai Lingang New City is designed with consideration of flood control, stormwater control, runoff reduction, water quality protection, and rainwater utilization objectives which could provide guidelines for smart growth and sustainable development of this city.

  15. Planning on Chenzhou city color on the basis of cluster characteristics%基于组团特征的郴州城市色彩规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周超; 王丽梅

    2015-01-01

    Based on Chenzhou landscape,history and artificial environment survey and analysis,the paper obtains Chenzhou city color planning theme and orientation,determines cluster color tunnel according to the“one-city and two-region and five-cluster”space structure of general Chenz-hou planning,controls and leads city color implementation and finally explores city color planning methods on the basis of cluster characteristics.%基于对郴州景观、历史、人工环境的调查与分析,得出了郴州城市色彩规划主题、定位,并依据郴州市总体规划中确定的“一城两区五组团”空间结构确立了组团色彩基调,控制和引导城市色彩实施,以此专项规划研究过程,探讨了一种基于组团特征的城市色彩规划方法。

  16. Model cities

    OpenAIRE

    Batty, M.

    2007-01-01

    The term ?model? is now central to our thinking about how weunderstand and design cities. We suggest a variety of ways inwhich we use ?models?, linking these ideas to Abercrombie?sexposition of Town and Country Planning which represented thestate of the art fifty years ago. Here we focus on using models asphysical representations of the city, tracing the development ofsymbolic models where the focus is on simulating how functiongenerates form, to iconic models where the focus is on representi...

  17. 天台县森林城市建设总体规划%Master Planning of Forest City in Tiantai County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    厉燕; 范义荣; 陈佳菁; 蒋文伟

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzed the current environmental conditions and forest city building in Tiantai County.On this basis,the overall forest development objectives,forest development layout and the overall pattern of urban forest development in Tiantai were designed,and the planning system of urban forest development was proposed including forest ecological network planning,forest culture construction planning,forest ecological protection planning and forest ecological industry development planning.%在对天台县环境条件及森林城市建设现状进行调查的基础上,制定森林天台总目标并提出县域森林建设布局和城区森林建设总体布局。

  18. Study on Renewal Planning of Declining Historic Quarters:Inspired from the Discussion on Conservation of the Old City in South Nanjing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Through collecting,reflecting and summarizing various opinions on the conservation of the old city in South Nanjing,this paper examines the problems that the declining historic quarters are facing amid the urban renewal process.Moreover,in combination with the existing planning practices in the old city in South Nanjing,this paper carries out a discussion on the renewal of the declining historic quarters from the perspective of values,exploration and assessment of historic resources,choice of renewal methods,and support of implementation system.

  19. Community Public Space Planning Guided by Sustainable Development:A Case Study on Wei’an Nanli Residential Area of Tianjin City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The public space of community is not only significant to ensure the quality of residents’ daily life but also the important means to realize urban sustainability.It is necessary to bridge the gap between the physical and social development of city in order to build a harmonious and livable city.The sustainable development indicators are very useful tools.The design of the indicators involves the site investigation,and selection and modification of indicators.It can provide guidance to related plans by making scientific decision on the core target of the public space development of community.

  20. Urban Organization and Planning in the Post-Industrial City: An Editorial and Introduction to the Spring 2006 Issue of Sociation Today

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George H. Conklin

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available 2006 is the year that the world as a whole becomes over half urban, yet no longer is the city the home of the industrial factory in the Western world. What shape should the new city take in the information age? Are we following an obsolete model when we plan in the Western world for a "new urbanism?" Does suburbanization have to fade away to promote racial justice? Why has urbanization concentrated poverty in the rural areas? We must re-examine these areas as sociologists and question past assumptions.

  1. Resilience of Self-Organised and Top-Down Planned Cities--A Case Study on London and Beijing Street Networks.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiaqiu Wang

    Full Text Available The success or failure of the street network depends on its reliability. In this article, using resilience analysis, the author studies how the shape and appearance of street networks in self-organised and top-down planned cities influences urban transport. Considering London and Beijing as proxies for self-organised and top-down planned cities, the structural properties of London and Beijing networks first are investigated based on their primal and dual representations of planar graphs. The robustness of street networks then is evaluated in primal space and dual space by deactivating road links under random and intentional attack scenarios. The results show that the reliability of London street network differs from that of Beijing, which seems to rely more on its architecture and connectivity. It is found that top-down planned Beijing with its higher average degree in the dual space and assortativity in the primal space is more robust than self-organised London using the measures of maximum and second largest cluster size and network efficiency. The article offers an insight, from a network perspective, into the reliability of street patterns in self-organised and top-down planned city systems.

  2. Mapping Environmental Inequalities Relevant for Health for Informing Urban Planning Interventions-A Case Study in the City of Dortmund, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flacke, Johannes; Schüle, Steffen Andreas; Köckler, Heike; Bolte, Gabriele

    2016-07-13

    Spatial differences in urban environmental conditions contribute to health inequalities within cities. The purpose of the paper is to map environmental inequalities relevant for health in the City of Dortmund, Germany, in order to identify needs for planning interventions. We develop suitable indicators for mapping socioeconomically-driven environmental inequalities at the neighborhood level based on published scientific evidence and inputs from local stakeholders. Relationships between socioeconomic and environmental indicators at the level of 170 neighborhoods were analyzed continuously with Spearman rank correlation coefficients and categorically applying chi-squared tests. Reclassified socioeconomic and environmental indicators were then mapped at the neighborhood level in order to determine multiple environmental burdens and hotspots of environmental inequalities related to health. Results show that the majority of environmental indicators correlate significantly, leading to multiple environmental burdens in specific neighborhoods. Some of these neighborhoods also have significantly larger proportions of inhabitants of a lower socioeconomic position indicating hotspots of environmental inequalities. Suitable planning interventions mainly comprise transport planning and green space management. In the conclusions, we discuss how the analysis can be used to improve state of the art planning instruments, such as clean air action planning or noise reduction planning towards the consideration of the vulnerability of the population.

  3. Solar Energy Validation for Strategic Investment Planning via Comparative Data Mining Methods: An Expanded Example within the Cities of Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oya H. Yuregir

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Energy supply together with the data management is one of the key challenges of our century. Specifically, to decrease the climate change effects as energy requirement increases day by day poses a serious dilemma. It can be adequately reconciled with innovative data management in (renewable energy technologies. The new environmental-friendly planning methods and investments that are discussed by researchers, governments, NGOs, and companies will give the basic and most important variables in shaping the future. We use modern data mining methods (SOM and K-Means and official governmental statistics for clustering cities according to their consumption similarities, the level of welfare, and growth rate and compare them with their potential of renewable resources with the help of Rapid Miner 5.1 and MATLAB software. The data mining was chosen to make the possible secret relations visible within the variables that can be unpredictable at first sight. Here, we aim to see the success level of the chosen algorithms in validation process simultaneously with the utilized software. Additionally, we aim to improve innovative approach for decision-makers and stakeholders about which renewable resource is the most suitable for an exact region by taking care of different variables at the same time.

  4. Application Analysis of Conceptual Planning in City Planning and Design%概念性规划在城市规划设计中的应用探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴頔

    2014-01-01

    Concept planning is a research planning means ap- plied in the early planning establishment, can be implement the forward-looking and creative concept of land use development in the ideal state, its meaning and action are very great. This p- aper combined with the conceptual planning role, analyzed and discussed its application in city planning and design.%概念性规划是一种应用于规划编制早期的研讨性规划手段,可以在理想状态下实现对土地利用发展的前瞻性和创造性构思,其意义和作用都是非常巨大的。本文结合概念性规划的作用,对其在城市规划设计中的应用进行了分析和探讨。

  5. Analysis of Construction and Management Problems of City Landscape Planning%试析城市园林规划建设与管理问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓虎

    2014-01-01

    Reasonable landscape planning and design can fu- rther promote the city development and create a good living environment for the people. In this paper, taking this as the center, combined with the actual work, the author analyzed and discussed the problems related with the construction and man- agement of city landscape planning.%合理的园林规划设计,能够进一步推动城市的发展,为人们营造良好的生活环境。本文就以此为中心,结合工作实际,对城市园林规划建设中的相关问题和管理问题进行了分析与论述。

  6. Talking about the planning and design of New City Garden%谈新城市花园规划设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马勇

    2012-01-01

    Integrating with the project conditions of New City Garden planning,the paper introduces the planning principles and planning targets,and puts forward corresponding strategies from aspects of constructing vertical business and separation of people and vehicles and so on,with a view to guarantee perfect facility and comfortable environment in planning region,and to achieve the expected purpose.%结合新城市花园规划项目概况,介绍了规划遵循的原则及规划目标,从如何打造立体商业,如何进行人车分流等方面提出相应的规划策略,以期保证规划区设施完善、环境优良,达到预期目的。

  7. The Strategy And Planning Suggestion Of Artistic City Creation%艺术城市建构策略及其规划设计建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邰杰

    2016-01-01

    艺术城市构建的意义在于艺术直接与城市形态发生作用,艺术不仅仅是城市空间品质提升的“非标准”工具,还作为一种都市日常生活行为的方式,使城市艺术空间系统充满着弹性和可变性。文章结合城市设计尺度下的几种公共艺术类型,分析了规划目标与艺术、文化和创造力之间的关系,同时结合具体案例论述了艺术城市建构的四大要素耦合策略,进而提出对我国艺术城市构建的规划设计建议。%The notion of artistic city means art is not just a tool improving physical space quality, but functioning on city morphology. As a way of urban life, art creates lfexibility and variance in city space. The paper analyzes the relation between planning vision and art, culture, and creativity in several types of public art, and proposes joint functioning strategy of four major elements and planning suggestions of artistic city creation.

  8. Earth Observation in Support of the Development of the Adaptation Plans for Climate Change in Cities: An Application for the Thermal Environment in Athens, Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cartalis, C.; Polydoros, A.; Mavrakou, Th.; Asimakopoulos, D. N.

    2014-11-01

    The development of adaptation plans for climate change in cities need to reflect how urban mechanisms are influenced by the transfer of heat and the reflection/emission of electromagnetic radiation. For doing so, a thorough knowledge of a number of urban parameters is needed, namely of the land surface albedo, the land surface emissivity and the land surface temperature. Furthermore, information on land use and land cover as well as a Digital Elevation Model of the area concerned are needed. In this paper, the potential of Earth Observation to support the extraction and spatial/temporal representation of the above parameters, in support of adaptation plans for climate change is examined.

  9. 刍议城市中心商务区公园规划%Discussion on the City Centre Park Business District Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    查晓鸣; 周明长

    2014-01-01

    City center business district environment construction should be consistent with ecological principles,has regional, diversity and rationality of self succession development ability,individual interaction between its specific space and real image and including people,can arouse the cultural experience and aesthetic feeling to biological images. Through the relationship between the ecological environment,city park,biology three,forming the common interests between both the natural environment and the human, meet the planning and design of City Center Business District Park City biological scale and human scale of the city.%通过生态环境、城市公园、生物三者之间的关系,形成一种兼顾自然与人之间的共同利益,进而满足城市生物尺度与人性尺度的城市中心商务区公园的规划目标。

  10. 浅谈阿勒泰市历史文化名城保护规划%Protection Plan Of Aletai Historic City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘维彬; 秦超

    2012-01-01

    Urban development expresses the long history and bright culture.This paper determine the construction content and puts forward reasonable development mode of historic city through the digging of Aletai city.It can strengthen the protection and plan construction of history culture environment,landscape pattern,feature city construction of Aletai city so as to provide reference for other historic cities.%城市的发展体现了悠久的历史和灿烂的文化,本文通过挖掘阿勒泰的文化内涵,确定文化名城的建设内容,提出合理开发利用方式。加强对阿勒泰的整体历史文化环境、山水格局、特色城市建设的保护规划建设,为其他历史文化名城保护规划提供参考。

  11. Urban Planning and Health Inequities: Looking in a Small-Scale in a City of Cape Verde.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luzia Gonçalves

    .001, with 19.3% in the formal unit, 11.4% in the transition unit and 22.5% in the informal unit. Women of the urban units present significant differences (5% level for body mass index calculated from self-reported measures (p < 0.001, fat mass (p = 0.005, waist circumference (p = 0.046 and waist-to-height ratio (p = 0.017. For women, overall physical activity was 67.4% (95%CI [64.8,70.0], with differences among urban units (p = 0.025. For men it was of 85.2% (95%CI [82.3,87.6], without significant differences among urban units (p = 0.266. The percentage of women and men who reported physical activity in leisure time was discrepant, with 95%CI [22.6, 27.4] and [53.2, 60.2], respectively. The results of pedometers also indicated that men walk significantly more than women (p < 0.001, with a difference of approximately 2000 steps/day.The data collection process itself also gave us some clues on the involvement of local communities, exploring the potential of social capital of these settings and the role of the woman in family and society in Cape Verde. The higher participation of women and residents of informal unit (the most disadvantaged groups suggests these as the priority target groups for health promotion campaigns. The link between health planning, urban planning and security of the city needs to be reinforced to minimize health, social and gender inequalities.

  12. Formation of City-Lake Integrated Urban Morphology in Hangzhou: A Study on the Related History Starting from the New Market Plan of the Lakefront District in Early Modern Times

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fu; Shulan; Yukio; Nishimura; Qian; Fang

    2015-01-01

    In the early modern times in China, local planners have made several construction plans for Hangzhou’s old city center and the West Lake, resulting in the gradual formation of a city-lake integrated urban form, which is valued nowadays for its uniqueness and characteristically Chinese cityscape aesthetics. The key plan that spurred this process of linking the old city with the West Lake was a plan titled "Building a New Market"(1914). By elucidating the time, process, and contents of the plan, this paper analyzes the spatial transformation of the lakefront districts based on old maps, and then interprets how it led the forming process of the "city-lake integrated" urban form in Hangzhou.

  13. 基于提升城市竞争力的城市形象设计%The City Image Planning Based on Raising City Competition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱嵘; 俞静

    2005-01-01

    以城市热点问题--城市竞争为切入点,分析了与城市竞争力结合的城市形象设计研究,并结合上海城市形象设计案例,初步对城市形象系统(City Image System)进行了研究.

  14. 气候弹性城市和规划研究进展%A Study on Climate Resilient City and Urban Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丹; 华晨

    2016-01-01

    Climate change poses a serious threat to sustainable urban development, placing many cities at risk. As a consequence, city authorities are increasingly facing the chal enge of finding ways to respond to climate change. The aim of this paper is to critical y review current theoretical and practical approaches to planning for climate resilient cities. In order to do so, first the reciprocal linkages between climate change, urbanization and climate-related disasters risk are analyzed. Second, the conceptual characteristics and features of a climate resilient city are identified. Final y, new progress of climate resilient city planning is reviewed.%气候变化严重威胁到城市的可持续发展,并给城市带来很多风险。因此,越来越多的城市将适应气候变化纳入工作范畴。文章的目的是回顾和审视现有的气候弹性城市规划理论和实践。首先分析了气候变化、城市化和城市气候灾害风险之间的关系,以及气候变化对中国城市发展带来的挑战;其次,论述了气候弹性城市的概念内涵和特征,指出规划和建设气候弹性城市是中国城市应对气候变化的重要途径。最后,从理论研究和行动计划两方面对气候弹性城市和规划研究进展进行综述。

  15. Economic Transition in the City of Paterson, New Jersey (America’s First Planned Industrial City: Causes, Impacts, and Urban Policy Implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Y. Owusu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the dynamics of economic change in the City of Paterson, New Jersey, from the time of its founding in the late eighteenth century to 1990, with emphasis on the post-1945 era. Analysis shows that from the time of its founding to the first half of the twentieth century, Paterson experienced a period of economic growth followed by economic decline in the 1960s, characterized by major changes in its principal industries of cotton, locomotives, and silk. Economic growth in Paterson up to the early part of the twentieth century is attributable to several locational factors, including the availability of water resources, transportation, labor supply, and markets. Its decline in the post-1945 era is attributable to a combination of local, national, and global economic factors including periods of depression, labor discord, product substitution, decentralization of economic activities, and deindustrialization. Economic decline resulted in a high rate of unemployment, poverty, and urban decay. The most significant effort to reverse urban decline in the city is the urban enterprise zone (UEZ program. The impacts of this program on economic growth in the city, however, remain inconclusive.

  16. 特大城市安全战略的规划导向%Planning Guidelines of City Safety Strategy in Metropolis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金忠民

    2013-01-01

    The paper takes city safety strategy as an important part of urban planning. Based on analysis of the planning concept of city safety, the paper discusses the key issues of safety strategy in metropolis, which including forming “safe grids” with disaster prevention function; forming “organic structure” with adaptabilities for disaster state; forming moderately dispersed urban functions, rational urban scale, diversified transport network; forming urban ecological pattern with focus on city safety; forming underground space as “Standby City”, etc., and also discusses city public safety emergency response system, tries to provide information for transformation of disaster planning.%将城市安全战略纳入城市规划领域,在分析城市安全观的基础上,探讨特大城市安全战略的规划重点,包括形成具有防灾功能的城市“安全网格”;形成适应灾害状态的城市“有机结构”;形成适度分散的城市功能、合理的城市规模、多元化的交通网络;形成以城市安全为导向的生态格局;形成以地下空间为载体的“第二城市”等,并提出以公共安全为核心的城市应急体系作为保障,为传统防灾规划的转型提供参考。

  17. Planning the invisible city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elle, Morten; Jensen, Jesper Ole; Nielsen, Susanne Balslev

    1997-01-01

    a presentation of the model used for describing technical networks conserning energy, water and waste in the reserch project "Sustainable flow management"......a presentation of the model used for describing technical networks conserning energy, water and waste in the reserch project "Sustainable flow management"...

  18. 肇庆市东岗新村景观规划设计%Landscape plan and design of new Donggang country in Zhaoqing city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洪萍; 陈华; 伍莹莹

    2011-01-01

    Through analyzing landscape planning background and status of new Donggang country in Zhaoqing city,according to relevant norms,it identifies the planning and design target,and mainly discusses overall landscape planning and design concept and points,so as to further improve peasants' living quality.%通过分析肇庆市东岗新村景观规划背景及现状,依据相关规范,明确了其规划设计目的,对其景观规划设计总体构思及要点进行了重点论述,以进一步提高农民的生活质量。

  19. How relevant is urban planning for the thermal comfort of pedestrians? Numerical case studies in two districts of the City of Dresden (Saxony/Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeri Goldberg

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the effects of different urban planning scenarios on the thermal comfort of pedestrians in two districts of the city of Dresden. A total of three alternatives to reconstruct these districts were created by considering realistic approaches for urban planning projections in the next ten years. These alternatives include the development and densification of existing buildings as well as the greening of undeveloped areas or the reduction of existing green areas. Based on these planning alternatives, micro-meteorological conditions as well as bioclimatic indices within the chosen city districts of Dresden for a hot summer day were simulated with a combination of the 3D microclimatic model ENVI-met and the bioclimatic model Rayman. Using both, potential air temperature (T and the bioclimatic index UTCI (Universal Thermal Comfort Index, spatial distribution at different times of the day, the cumulative thermal stress conditions at both exposed "receptor" points and on a virtual course of pedestrians through the inner city of Dresden, were analysed. Simulation results clearly show the local reduction of T and UTCI due to the shading effect of denser vegetation or building structures during the daytime. For example, a greening of an industrial wasteland locally reduces T and UTCI in the early afternoon of a hot and sunny summer day by up to 2 and 14 K, respectively. The same increase in T and UTCI can be found in non-shaded partitions of this area if it is sparsely rebuilt. At night, areas with widespread building placement show a higher T and UTCI (up to 1 and 4 K, respectively, and areas with dense vegetation are cooler (0.1 to 0.4 K than open areas. Due to the small extension of modified urban structures, the mean effect over the complete area amounts to only a fraction of a degree at most. The simulation results demonstrate that a greening of urban wastelands has primarily positive effects (that means cooling on thermal

  20. 大同古城的空间形态演变历程探析%Space planning evolution process analysis of Datong ancient city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付雁军

    2015-01-01

    分析了北魏、辽金、明清及当代时期大同古城的空间形态特征及其发展演变规律,探讨了可以存留城市形态的文脉意蕴,以保持城市活力,为大同古城的规划、建设、管理以及新型城镇化道路提供历史借鉴与依据。%This article analyzed the characteristics of space planning and its evolution in Beiwei,Liaojin,Ming and Qing dynasty of the ancient city of Datong in history. This article explored the preserved culture hidden behind the city status. Purpose of this article is to give reference and basis for urban planning,construction,management and new-type of urbanization from history to remain Datong as a dynamic city.

  1. Resource management and operations in southwest South Dakota: Climate change scenario planning workshop summary January 20-21, 2016, Rapid City, SD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisichelli, Nicholas A.; Schuurman, Gregor W; Symstad, Amy; Ray, Andrea; Miller, Brian; Cross, Molly; Rowland, Erika

    2016-01-01

    The Scaling Climate Change Adaptation in the Northern Great Plains through Regional Climate Summaries and Local Qualitative-Quantitative Scenario Planning Workshops project synthesizes climate data into 3-5 distinct but plausible climate summaries for the northern Great Plains region; crafts quantitative summaries of these climate futures for two focal areas; and applies these local summaries by developing climate-resource-management scenarios through participatory workshops and, where possible, simulation models. The two focal areas are central North Dakota and southwest South Dakota (Figure 1). The primary objective of this project is to help resource managers and scientists in a focal area use scenario planning to make management and planning decisions based on assessments of critical future uncertainties.This report summarizes project work for public and tribal lands in the southwest South Dakota grasslands focal area, with an emphasis on Badlands National Park and Buffalo Gap National Grassland. The report explains scenario planning as an adaptation tool in general, then describes how it was applied to the focal area in three phases. Priority resource management and climate uncertainties were identified in the orientation phase. Local climate summaries for relevant, divergent, and challenging climate scenarios were developed in the second phase. In the final phase, a two-day scenario planning workshop held January 20-21, 2016 in Rapid City, South Dakota, featured scenario development and implications, testing management decisions, and methods for operationalizing scenario planning outcomes.

  2. The Development and Planning of Australian Mega-city Regions%澳大利亚大都市区发展与规划对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凯文·奥康纳; 韩笋生

    2012-01-01

    Australia provides some different perspectives on the evolution of mega-city region development. Residential extension along freeways, the incorporation of ocean-frontage tourist regions, and the links to depressed industrial regions are the key drivers of Australian mega-city regions. The spillover of manufacturing, so prominent in Asian city-regions, is not a significant influence. This paper provides an understanding of the Australian mega -city regions by discussing their position in the settlement system, their spatial structure, and their development challenges and planning solutions.%澳大利亚大都市区的发展有其独到之处.扩展高速公路沿线的居住用地、开发沿海旅游区以及有选择地整合一些破败的工业区是带动澳大利亚大都市区演变的主要因素.这非常不同于亚洲大都市区发展中受制造业扩散显著影响的特点.本文通过讨论澳大利亚的城市体系、大都市的空间特色以及规划管理对策,使读者对澳大利亚大都市区的发展和规划有一个系统的了解.

  3. Soft Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brix, Anders; Yoneda, Akira; Nakamura, Kiyoshi

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a project exploring sustainable ways of urban living. The project renders a scenario comprised of an array of simple conversions of existing urban spaces and buildings, in the attempt to tie strategies ranging from urban planning to interior design into a coherent vision...... of a sustainable future. The project is the result of a joint research study between Denmark and Japan. Taking as its example the city of Kyoto, the project investigates some possible strategies on how cities more generally may be transformed into liveable, healthy and ecologically sensible environments....

  4. Fun City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Once the blues guitarist B.B. King sang that when he "didn't wanna live no more", he would go shopping instead. Now, however, shopping has become a lifestyle... The city of today has become "Disneyfied" and "Tivolized". It has become a scene for events. The aim of the book is to encircle and pin...... down the consquences of these developments, to elocidate the interplay between funscapes and fear culture, and to account for the meaning of new concepts and new phenomena such as "event culture", "urban scenography", "experience economy","city branding" and "cultural planning"....

  5. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2010, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Wood County Planning and Zoning.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. Data...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2009, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Wood County Planning & Zoning.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009....

  7. Urban megaprojects-based approach in urban planning: from isolated objects to shaping the city:The case of Dubai

    OpenAIRE

    Aoun, Oula

    2016-01-01

    Urban megaprojects are at the core of cities’ re-imaging and marketing. As large-scale development projects, they are considered as a globalization product, marked by a search for spectacle and visibility. In Dubai, UMPs have constituted in recent years the main tool in drawing a city image that aims to compete with the world global cities. Through UMPs, an economy based on spectacle and fascination is being deployed, within a complex system of governance that encompasses family ties, busines...

  8. 后雾霾时代城市规划的思考%The thinking of later fog era city planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于亚安

    2014-01-01

    通过分析雾霾产生的原因,对城市规划中雾霾的防治工作进行了研究,提出了控制污染源、营造城市通风系统、利用新技术和新能源、加强城市交通规划建设等防治措施,以期从城市规划入手,实现防治城市污染的目标。%Through the analysis on the causes of fog,this paper researched the fog control work in city planning,put forward control of pollution source,construction of urban ventilation system,use of new technology and new energy,strengthen urban traffic planning and construction and other measures,in order to start from the city planning,implementation of prevention and control of urban pollution targets.

  9. Modelling regional climate change and urban planning scenarios and their impacts on the urban environment in two cities with WRF-ACASA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falk, M.; Pyles, R. D.; Marras, S.; Spano, D.; Paw U, K. T.

    2011-12-01

    The number of urban metabolism studies has increased in recent years, due to the important impact that energy, water and carbon exchange over urban areas have on climate change. Urban modeling is therefore crucial in the future design and management of cities. This study presents the ACASA model coupled to the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF-ARW) mesoscale model to simulate urban fluxes at a horizontal resolution of 200 meters for urban areas of roughly 100 km^2. As part of the European Project "BRIDGE", these regional simulations were used in combination with remotely sensed data to provide constraints on the land surface types and the exchange of carbon and energy fluxes from urban centers. Surface-atmosphere exchanges of mass and energy were simulated using the Advanced Canopy Atmosphere Soil Algorithm (ACASA). ACASA is a multi-layer high-order closure model, recently modified to work over natural, agricultural as well as urban environments. In particular, improvements were made to account for the anthropogenic contribution to heat and carbon production. For two cities four climate change and four urban planning scenarios were simulated: The climate change scenarios include a base scenario (Sc0: 2008 Commit in IPCC), a medium emission scenario (Sc1: IPCC A2), a worst case emission scenario (Sce2: IPCC A1F1) and finally a best case emission scenario (Sce3: IPCC B1). The urban planning scenarios include different development scenarios such as smart growth. The two cities are a high latitude city, Helsinki (Finland) and an historic city, Florence (Italy). Helsinki is characterized by recent, rapid urbanization that requires a substantial amount of energy for heating, while Florence is representative of cities in lower latitudes, with substantial cultural heritage and a comparatively constant architectural footprint over time. In general, simulated fluxes matched the point observations well and showed consistent improvement in the energy partitioning over

  10. 基于市民感知的城市意象对城市规划的影响——以四川省宜宾市为例%Impact of Perception of the Public Image of the City on Urban Planning-Taking Yibin City Sichuan as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈超

    2012-01-01

    城市规划与城市居民以及游客的生活息息相关,一个好的规划可以为市民和游客带来更多的实惠与方便。“十二五”规划出台以后,城市居民对城市规划有什么样的感知意象,与他们的想法有什么差别,有多大差别,本文结合《宜宾市城市总体规划(2008-2020)》、《宜宾市近期建设规划》及宜宾市居民感知的城市意象与城市规划的相符度,浅析市民感知意象对城市规划的影响。%Urban Planning, the lives of city residents and tourists are closedly related. A good city-plan can bring citizens and tourists benefits convenience. After the completion of the 12th Five-Year Plan, this paper de- scribes the perception of the public image of the City on urban planning, and the differences between the existing urban planning and their desirable one After the completion of the 12th Five-Year Plan. Then how the “Yibin City Planning” and “Yibin Recent City Planning of Yibin” is accordance with residents whishes. In conclusion, the analysis of impact of the public perception of the city on the urban planning with of Yibin City.

  11. Urban Landscape Planning Method Research Based on the Action Planning -- Taking the Planning of Urban Landscape in Tongling City for Example%基于行动规划的城市风貌规划编制方法研究--以《铜陵市城市风貌规划》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李凤会; 刘泉; 王萍

    2014-01-01

    城市风貌规划作为彰显城市个性、避免千城一面、一城千面的重要抓手,正日益被城市建设规划部门重视。本文以《铜陵市城市风貌规划》为例,介绍一种以行动规划为理念的城市风貌规划编制思路,希望为读者提供借鉴意义。%Urban landscape planning can manifest the city characteristics and avoid thousand cities in one type or tho- usand sides in one city, which is increasingly taken seriously by the urban construction planning departments. Taking “the landscape planning of Tongling city” as an example, this paper introduces a thought for city landscape planning based on the concept of an action plan, which is hoping to provide reference for the reader.

  12. When planners deal with change: Stories of Performativity in the politics of urban planning in two Scandinavian cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lissandrello, Enza

    performed (Forester, 1993) when giving direction to the future has been the centre of a debate about planning in the past two decades (Innes, 1995; Sandercock, 2003; Versteeg and Hajer, 2010). However, much of the planning literature has now shifted towards the structural conditions of planning in its...... various meanings, its politics and the complexity of governance. This shift in planning research has made it possible to understand the complex dynamics of deliberation in planning and its connections with politics and power (Hayek, 1945; Mandelbaum, 1979; Flyvbjerg, 1998; Brooks, 2002; Hajer and Wagenaar......, 2003; Lissandrello and Grin, 2011). However, with the growing focus on how structural conditions shape and limit planning, too little attention has been paid to how individual planners navigate planning processes as catalysts and initiators of change (Albrecht, 2003). This paper explores how individual...

  13. How planners' use and non-use of expert knowledge in land use and transport planning affect the goal achievement potential of plans? Experiences from three Scandinavian cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tennøy, Aud; Hansson, Lisa; Lissandrello, Enza;

    2016-01-01

    the plans (if implemented) contribute to achieve defined objectives, which in this paper concern transition toward more sustainable mobility patterns and reduction of traffic volumes. The expert knowledge in question concerns how land use and transport systems developments influence traffic volumes in urban......Changing urban development in more sustainable directions poses numerous challenges for planning practitioners. Expert knowledge could be helpful for planners aiming at facing up to these challenges by developing innovative ways of meeting seemingly contradictive objectives and solving planning...... their planning problems. Instead, they rely on their embedded professional knowledge, which is sometimes outdated or misleading. It is found that changing towards land use and transport systems developments contributing to more sustainable mobility patterns requires considerable efforts from planning...

  14. Strategic Decision-making,Action Planning,Flexible Creation:A Philosophic Thinking on Chinese City Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the rich experience in urban construction in China for decades,the author argues that urban planning is a process of flexible creation under the guidance of strategic decision-making and action planning and in accordance with local conditions in hope of creating better human settlements and a harmonious society at the same time.Efforts should be made to strengthen the general knowledge and universal truth on urban planning and transform them into public consensus.

  15. The Study on New Energy City Planning Methods Based on“6 A” Concept%基于“6A”理念的新能源城市规划方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    娄伟

    2014-01-01

    城市是能源消费的主体,在面临能源安全、气候变化等压力的背景下,新能源城市在国内外受到越来越多的重视,国内外很多城市都提出了建设新能源城市或可再生能源城市的目标。建设新能源城市,需要有针对性的规划理论与方法。目前,国内城市在新能源城市规划方面存在很多问题,不利于建设真正意义上的新能源城市。本文重点研究了新能源城市规划的现状及方法,并基于“6A”理念,提出了新能源城市的规划方法。%The city is the main place of energy consumption .Because of energy security , climate change and other pressures , the new energy city mode is receiving more and more attention at home and abroad .Many cities have proposed the construction target of new energy city or renewable energy city .To build the new ener-gy city, related support of planning theories and methods are needed .Currently , there are so many problems in the construction process of new energy city that it is not conducive to the new energy city construction .This paper focuses on the status and methods of new energy city planning , and proposes new energy city planning method based on “6A” concept.

  16. Flood Control Planning Study of Huludao City%葫芦岛市城市防洪规划方案研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨林; 侯立颖

    2011-01-01

    Huludao City is located in the western Iiaoning Province. There are about 500 rivers, in which 27 rivers' river area is more than 100km2. The flood control project of Huludao City involves four rivers: Wuli River, lianshan River, Cishan River, Moon River. Facing the critical issues of flood control for the city, the paper analyzed the status quo, found the problem, and made the scientific urban flood control plan.%葫芦岛市地处辽宁省西部,大中小河流约500余条,流域面积大于1 00km2河流有27条,葫芦岛市城市防洪工程涉及的河流有四条,分别为五里河、连山河、茨山河、月亮河.针对城市防洪面临的严峻问题,从分析现状、查找问题到科学制定城市防洪规划进行了系统地探讨与研究.

  17. Application of SWMM to Drainage System Plan in Mountain City%SWMM在山区城市排水规划中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永; 郝新宇; 季旭雄; 赵萍

    2012-01-01

    The application of SWMM to drainage system plan in mountain city was researched, especially about the step and method of the assistant analysis. A series of methods to solve the problem of lack of the basic information on drainage in mountain area are proposed. Then an example is analyzed to describe how to use SWMM model to design the drainage system plan scheme in mountain city reasonably and scientifically.%对于山区城市的排水规划应用SWMM辅助分析的步骤、方法进行了研究,尤其针对山区排水资料匮乏的难点提出了一系列较实用的解决方法,并结合工程实例进行了分析,阐述了如何借助SWMM模型合理、科学地设计山区城市排水规划方案.

  18. 78 FR 15041 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Miles City Resource Management Plan and Environmental Impact...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-08

    ... be managed to enhance and protect cultural resources. Management actions proposed for this area are... analyze and update public land and resource management objectives within the planning area. The planning...-Grouse protection priority areas. The 21 areas proposed for designation and the resource use...

  19. Thinking andAnalysis of Smart City Construction in China Based on Urban PlanningAngle%基于城市规划视角的我国智慧城市建设思考分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王广斌; 彭荔; 杨洋; 马国锋

    2013-01-01

      城市规划与智慧城市都旨在使城市得到健康可持续的发展,为城市居民创造更美好的生活。城市规划发展历程中的诸多理念都与智慧城市的内涵、目标相通,从已趋成熟的城市规划体系入手确实可以为新兴的智慧城市建设带来一定的启发。基于以上分析,分别对智慧城市的规划方式、规划理念、规划决策、组织机制、城市形态和城市管理这一建设全过程的各个方面所得的借鉴意义进行了详细阐述。%This paper il ustrates the connotations of Smart City and Urban Planning, analyzes the interrelations between them from the guidance of urban planning theories to Smart City and conversely the influence of Smart City construction to Urban Planning, proves that a mature urban planning system does bring some inspiration for the emerging Smart City, finally elaborates the suggestions and references learned from urban planning angle in all aspects of the whole Smart City construction process including planning targets, planning concepts, decision-making, organizational mechanisms, spacial form and city management.

  20. Final work plan : phase I investigation of potential contamination at the former CCC/USDA grain storage facility in Montgomery City, Missouri.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LaFreniere, L. M.; Environmental Science Division

    2010-08-16

    former grain storage facility, the CCC/USDA will conduct investigations to (1) characterize the source(s), extent, and factors controlling the possible subsurface distribution and movement of carbon tetrachloride at the Montgomery City site and (2) evaluate the health and environmental threats potentially represented by the contamination. This work will be performed in accord with the Intergovernmental Agreement established between the Farm Service Agency of the USDA and the MoDNR, to address carbon tetrachloride contamination potentially associated with a number of former CCC/USDA grain storage facilities in Missouri. The investigations at Montgomery City will be conducted on behalf of the CCC/USDA by the Environmental Science Division of Argonne National Laboratory. Argonne is a nonprofit, multidisciplinary research center operated by UChicago Argonne, LLC, for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The CCC/USDA has entered into an agreement with DOE, under which Argonne provides technical assistance to the CCC/USDA with environmental site characterization and remediation at its former grain storage facilities. The site characterization at Montgomery City will take place in phases. This approach is recommended by the CCC/USDA and Argonne, so that information obtained and interpretations developed during each incremental stage of the investigation can be used most effectively to guide subsequent phases of the program. This site-specific Work Plan outlines the specific technical objectives and scope of work proposed for Phase I of the Montgomery City investigation. This Work Plan also includes the community relations plan to be followed throughout the CCC/USDA program at the Montgomery City site. Argonne is developing a Master Work Plan specific to operations in the state of Missouri. In the meantime, Argonne has issued a Provisional Master Work Plan (PMWP; Argonne 2007) that has been reviewed and approved by the MoDNR for current use. The PMWP (Argonne 2007) provides

  1. 500 Cities: City Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This city boundary shapefile was extracted from Esri Data and Maps for ArcGIS 2014 - U.S. Populated Place Areas. This shapefile can be joined to 500 Cities...

  2. Estudio sobre un Plan de la Vivienda para la ciudad de Santiago. / Study on Housing Plan for the city of Santiago

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz Maluschka, Luis [1934

    2005-01-01

    El punto de partida en la solución del problema de la vivienda en una ciudad, debe ser ante todo el aprovechamiento racional de los terrenos urbanizados disponibles en el área urbana que, en cuanto a la formación de poblaciones en el área de extensión o no urbanizada, debe obedecer a un plan bien meditado en relación con la posibilidad de extender los servicios urbanos a esa área de extensión. Se expone luego lo que debiera ser un plan de la vivienda técnicamente concebido. Se describe las cl...

  3. 天门市汉江岸线利用规划思路探讨%Discussion on the Planning Ideas of Utilization of the Shoreline of Hanjiang River in Tianmen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱均平; 熊涛; 王文峰; 张鹏飞

    2014-01-01

    文章对天门市汉江岸线利用控制性规划总体思路进行了介绍,并提出了对天门汉江岸线的规划控制思路。%The paper has carried on an introduction to the ov- eral thought of the planning of utilization of the shoreline of Hanjiang River in Tianmen City, and put forward the idea of plan and control of the shoreline of Hanjiang River in Tianmen city.

  4. On planning and utility of underground space in middle and small cities%谈中小城市地下空间的规划与利用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭丽娟; 杨新华

    2012-01-01

    The paper analyzes the common problems in the planning and utility of the underground space in middle and small cities,including the inefficient consideration for the general space in the planning,the complexity of the construction technique,and the weak fire-proof and flood-resistance capacity,and points out some feasible strategies,including the advanced planning according to the circumstance,the creative construction technique,and the improvement of the disaster-resistance design,so as to direct the practice.%分析了当前中小城市地下空间规划与利用中存在的规划缺乏整体空间考虑、施工技术复杂、防火防洪能力差等普遍共性问题,并就如何解决这些问题提出了一些可行性较强的对策,包括因地制宜超前规划,创新施工技术,加强防灾设计三方面内容,以期指导实践。

  5. Prospective Analysis and Critique of the Territory of Araquari: The Relationship Between Sustainability Criteria in the City Master Plan and Territorial Sustainable Development (TSD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrey Freitas da Silva

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the prospective analysis and criticism for the territory of Araquari (Santa Catarina according to the sustainability criteria of Ignacy Sachs and the Master Plan in the field of Sustainable Territorial Development (DTS. The research is qualitative and exploratory and uses a socio-historical context of Araquari.  The objective is to identify the potential of the territory and to highlight the role of the management of organizational settings and social transformations, during an automotive factory installation in 2014 (Bayerische Motoren Werke - BMW. Through evaluation of the sustainability criteria, the Master Plan of the municipality is assessed with regard to the managers and civil society, state and market, with terms and Reflections of DTS and the expectations and challenges in view of the managers. The research reports on aspects of Brazilian municipalities that are home to complex automotive and crossed processes with the expectation that positive and similar processes should happen in Araquari. The study concludes with the need to comply to the letter of the Master Plan by all stakeholders in accordance with its guidelines. It is essential that the following requirements be addressed: the social functions of the city, social function of property, sustainability, equality in social justice, and democratic and participatory management.

  6. Discussions of Guangzhou City Road Traffic Planning Construction%广州市道路交通规划建设探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪振东; 常华

    2012-01-01

    Regarding the basic conditions and existing problems of road system planning in Guangzhou City,combining with the planning construction and management experiences of foreign urban road traffic,the article proposed the optimization measures and recommen-dations of urban road traffic planning construction based on small-scale road network,rea-sonable road level gradation and fast-road system,which provided a theoretical basis to al-leviate urban traffic congestion.%文章针对广州市道路系统规划的基本状况及存在的问题,结合国外城市道路交通规划建设及管理经验,提出了基于小尺度道路网、合理道路等级级配和快速路系统的城市道路交通规划建设优化措施及建议,为缓解城市交通拥堵提供理论依据。

  7. 苏南县级城市防洪规划浅析%Analysis on the Flood Control Planning of a County-level City in South Jiangsu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高焕芝; 秦建平; 李丽; 朱晓红; 彭晓光; 温善荣

    2014-01-01

    分析了苏南某县级城市城市洪涝的风险,针对现有防洪体系存在的主要问题,结合流域规划和城市总体发展规划,初步确定了城市防洪标准,提出了城市防洪工程措施和非工程措施、管理措施规划,以期初步形成综合防洪减灾体系,为城市可持续发展提供防洪安全保障。%This paper analyzes the urban flood risk of a county-level city in South Jiangsu, and in the light of the main problems in existing flood control system, and connecting with the watershed planning and overall urban development planning, preliminarily determines the urban flood control standard, and puts forward both engineering and non-engineering measures for urban flood control and the management planning in order to preliminarily form the integrated flood control and disaster mitigation system and provide the flood control safety guarantee for the city’s sustainable development.

  8. OpenCities Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — The Open Cities Project aims to catalyze the creation, management and use of open data to produce innovative solutions for urban planning and resilience challenges...

  9. Making the Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes the latest research into cultural planning and architectural branding in Denmark based on the ‘Experience City' research project located at Aalborg University. The paper explores the implication of the turn towards culture and experience in the contemporary Danish city. It thus...

  10. Futures of cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2008-01-01

    Bogen dokumenterer resultater fra den internationale kongres Futures of Cities arrangeret af IFHP International Federation of Housing and Planning, Realdania, Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole og City of Copenhagen. Kongressen blev afholdt i september 2007 i Øksnehallen og på Kunstakademiets Arkitekt...

  11. 关于城市规划专业教学整合的思考%Consideration on teaching integration of city planning major

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝国芳

    2011-01-01

    In light of defects existing in teaching practice of city planning major,it proposes new teaching integration mode,respectively studies the teaching material integration,teaching media integration and production-learning-research integration,so as to cultivate students' divergent thinking and creative ability.Therefore,it has positive realistic meaning.%针对城市规划专业教学实践中存在的缺陷,提出了新的教学整合模式,分别就教材整合,教学媒体整合及产学研整合进行了研究,以培养学生的发散思维和创造能力,具有积极的现实意义。

  12. Final work plan : phase I investigation of potential contamination at the former CCC/USDA grain storage facility in Montgomery City, Missouri.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LaFreniere, L. M.; Environmental Science Division

    2010-08-16

    former grain storage facility, the CCC/USDA will conduct investigations to (1) characterize the source(s), extent, and factors controlling the possible subsurface distribution and movement of carbon tetrachloride at the Montgomery City site and (2) evaluate the health and environmental threats potentially represented by the contamination. This work will be performed in accord with the Intergovernmental Agreement established between the Farm Service Agency of the USDA and the MoDNR, to address carbon tetrachloride contamination potentially associated with a number of former CCC/USDA grain storage facilities in Missouri. The investigations at Montgomery City will be conducted on behalf of the CCC/USDA by the Environmental Science Division of Argonne National Laboratory. Argonne is a nonprofit, multidisciplinary research center operated by UChicago Argonne, LLC, for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The CCC/USDA has entered into an agreement with DOE, under which Argonne provides technical assistance to the CCC/USDA with environmental site characterization and remediation at its former grain storage facilities. The site characterization at Montgomery City will take place in phases. This approach is recommended by the CCC/USDA and Argonne, so that information obtained and interpretations developed during each incremental stage of the investigation can be used most effectively to guide subsequent phases of the program. This site-specific Work Plan outlines the specific technical objectives and scope of work proposed for Phase I of the Montgomery City investigation. This Work Plan also includes the community relations plan to be followed throughout the CCC/USDA program at the Montgomery City site. Argonne is developing a Master Work Plan specific to operations in the state of Missouri. In the meantime, Argonne has issued a Provisional Master Work Plan (PMWP; Argonne 2007) that has been reviewed and approved by the MoDNR for current use. The PMWP (Argonne 2007) provides

  13. Research on New Urban Area Planning Based on TOD Mode:A Study on Binhu New District of Hefei City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    As an urban development mode,the TOD (Transit-oriented Development) mode,targeted at energy-saving and based on the public transportation system,has positive significance for solving problems like disordered urban sprawl and traffic congestion in Chinese cities.This article takes Binhu New District of Hefei as an example to illustrate the practice of the TOD mode in the urban design of large and medium-sized cities.The paper analyzes the relationship between the new district,central urban area,and public transportation development,and puts forward that the TOD mode is suitable for Bihu New District.It states that the TOD mode can be realized through methods such as the building of a "double-rapid" comprehensive public transportation network,the setting up of decentralized-compact urban clusters and TOD communities,the mixevd land-use,as well as the scenery design with complete walking space.The paper also proposes that certain flexible methods can be adopted in order to promote the TOD mode,including making full use of bus transit when rail transit is lacked,setting up TOD communities surrounding the transport hubs,etc.

  14. Healthy City Oriented Community Planning/Wang Yi%健康城市导向下的社区规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王一

    2015-01-01

    Healthy city has been granted with new meanings in response to urban problems since 1980s, and as a movement it has been carried out globaly. Community is the basic unit and focus in healthy city development. The paper argues community planning shal focus on activity and ecology, and puts forwards evaluation and planning strategies: mixed land use by urban renewal;enhancement of local economy and employment; ful exertion of school’s social functions; healthy life by activity organization and transportation; reuse of resource and energy by departmental colaboration.%为应对城市化问题给人类健康带来的挑战,20世纪80年代学界赋予了健康城市新的内涵,并在全球展开了建设健康城市的行动。社区作为落实健康城市战略的基本单元,受到了广泛的关注。文章提出健康城市导向下的社区规划应关注满足活动需求与保护生态环境,并在此基础上提出了健康社区的评价和规划策略:以城市更新促进用地混合,提升社区经济与就业;通过合理选址与联合使用,发挥学校的社会效用;活动策划与交通组织相结合,引导健康生活方式;加强能源管理与部门协作,推进资源再利用。

  15. The cultural biography of landscape as an interdisciplinary tool for landscape planning at Banjarmasin City, South Kalimantan Province, Indonesia.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Damayanti, Vera; Spek, Mattheus

    2015-01-01

    During the twentieth century concepts of cultural landscape have been developed that have led to the inclusion of the cultural dimension in landscape studies. The implication of this in landscape planning and management is that planners should not only comprehend the physical dimension of a landscap

  16. Calfornia General Plans Rural

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — We undertook creating the first ever seamless statewide General Plan map for California. All county general plans and many city general plans were integrated into 1...

  17. Calfornia General Plans

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — We undertook creating the first ever seamless statewide General Plan map for California. All county general plans and many city general plans were integrated into 1...

  18. City 2020+

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, C.; Buttstädt, M.; Merbitz, H.; Sachsen, T.; Ketzler, G.; Michael, S.; Klemme, M.; Dott, W.; Selle, K.; Hofmeister, H.

    2010-09-01

    This research initiative CITY 2020+ assesses the risks and opportunities for residents in urban built environments under projected demographic and climate change for the year 2020 and beyond, using the City of Aachen as a case study. CITY 2020+ develops scenarios, options and tools for planning and developing sustainable future city structures. We investigate how urban environment, political structure and residential behavior can best be adapted, with attention to the interactions among structural, political, and sociological configurations and with their consequences on human health. Demographers project that in the EU-25-States by 2050, approximately 30% of the population will be over age 65. Also by 2050, average tem¬peratures are projected to rise by 1 to 2 K. Combined, Europe can expect enhanced thermal stress and higher levels of particulate matter. CITY 2020+ amongst other sub-projects includes research project dealing with (1) a micro-scale assessment of blockages to low-level cold-air drainage flow into the city centre by vegetation and building structures, (2) a detailed analysis of the change of probability density functions related to the occurrence of heat waves during summer and the spatial and temporal structure of the urban heat island (UHI) (3) a meso-scale analysis of particulate matter (PM) concentrations depending on topography, local meteorological conditions and synoptic-scale weather patterns. First results will be presented specifically from sub-projects related to vegetation barriers within cold air drainage, the assessment of the UHI and the temporal and spatial pattern of PM loadings in the city centre. The analysis of the cold air drainage flow is investigated in two consecutive years with a clearing of vegetation stands in the beginning of the second year early in 2010. The spatial pattern of the UHI and its possible enhancement by climate change is addressed employing a unique setup using GPS devices and temperature probes fixed to

  19. Social Studies: Cities in Crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faulkner, Brenda F.

    This elective quinmester program for grades 10 through 12 focuses upon the study of urban problems. Students analyze city problems taking into consideration ecology, city planning, model cities, and other factors in an attempt to provide creative solutions. The course is arranged into seven sections. Student activities are to: 1) discuss the…

  20. Magical Landscapes and Designed Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raahauge, Kirsten Marie

    2008-01-01

    from the point of view of the city, where order, design, planning and commerce are important cityscape qualities. The article deals with the way in which these two parts of the city, landscape and brandscape are complementary parts of the city-web. Analytical points made by Mauss, Lévi...

  1. 低碳城市理念在上海新城规划中的实践应用%Application of Low-carbonTheory in New City Planning of Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈琳; 石崧; 王玲慧

    2011-01-01

    新城战略是贯穿上海城市规划的基本规划战略之一。面对城市转型发展的宏观背景,上海启动新一轮新城建设,低碳生态的基本理念成为指导新城建设的重要指导思想。作为上海本轮首个批复的新城规划,南桥新城总体规划修编在工作过程中从网络生态、紧凑发展、复合有机三个层面落实低碳城市理念的基本出发点,搭建起规划理念到实践间的桥梁。%New city construction is one of the basic strategies adopted in urban planning of Shanghai. Under the macro-background of urban development and economic transition, Shanghai has started a new round of new city construction which is guided by an important theory, i.e. low-carbon theory. As the initial new city planning approved in Shanghai, the master planning of Nanqiao New City applied the low- carbon theory from three perspectives of network ecology, compact development, and composition and organism, which bridges the planning theory and practice.

  2. Integrating Decentralized Rainwater Management in Urban Planning and Design: Flood Resilient and Sustainable Water Management Using the Example of Coastal Cities in The Netherlands and Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thorsten Schuetze

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Urbanized delta areas worldwide share a growing tendency of exposure to water stress induced by the effects of climate change and anthropogenic factors, threatening the operation of infrastructure systems and future urban development. The important synergistic impacts coexisting with freshwater scarcity are increasing urbanization rates, subsiding soils, saltwater intrusion in aquifers and rivers, coastal erosion, and increased flooding. Innovative design strategies and concepts for the integration of decentralized rainwater management measures can contribute to the integrated and climate resilient planning of urban spaces that are threatened by climate change scenarios that worsen the security of urban infrastructures and the future availability of fresh water. Decentralized rainwater management, including retention, storage, and reuse strategies that are integrated into spatial planning and urban design, can reduce flood risks while simultaneously enhancing freshwater availability. This paper discusses a paradigm shift in urban water management, from centralized to decentralized management (that is, from threats to opportunities, using the example of two case studies. Concepts and strategies for building climate resilient cities, which address flood control, the protection of freshwater resources, and the harmonization of a natural and more sustainable water balance, are presented for Almere (Rhine Schelde Delta, The Netherlands and Hsingchu (Dotzpu Delta, Taiwan.

  3. A Multi-Objective Input–Output Linear Model for Water Supply, Economic Growth and Environmental Planning in Resource-Based Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenlan Ke

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Water resource and environment capacity have become two of the most important restrictions for sustainable development in resource-based cities whose leading industries are the exploitation and processing of resources. Taking Ordos in China as an example, this article constructs an integrated model combining a multi-objective optimization model with input–output analysis to achieve the tradeoffs between economic growth, water utilization and environmental protection. This dynamic model includes socioeconomic, water supply–demand, water quality control, air quality control, energy consumption control and integrated policy sub-models. These six sub-models interact with each other. After simulation, this article proposes efficient solutions on industrial restructuring by maximizing the Gross Regional Product of Ordos from 394.3 in 2012 to 785.1 billion RMB in 2025 with a growth rate of 6.4% annually; and presents a water supply plan by maximizing the proportion of reclaimed water from 2% to 6.3% through sewage treatment technology selection and introduction, and effective water allocation. Meanwhile, the environmental impacts are all in line with the planning targets. This study illustrates that the integrated modeling is generic and can be applied to any region suffering uncoordinated development issues and can serve as a pre-evaluation approach for conducting early warning research to offer suggestions for government decision-making.

  4. 城市滨水区景观概念性规划设计浅析--以四川省泸州市沱江两岸景观概念性城市设计为例%Discussion on the conceptual planning design of city waterfront landscape--With the Urban Design of the conceptual planning design of both sides of Tuojiang River in Luzhou City,Sichuan ao an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨涛

    2014-01-01

    This article is from the characteristics of city waterfront landscape of the conceptual design,it unites concrete practice of Tuojiang River in Luzhou City of landscape conceptual plan and discuss the function,planning concept and the overal structure of space of both sides of Tuojiang River in Luzhou City.%文章从城市滨水区景观概念性设计的特点出发,结合泸州市沱江两岸景观概念性规划的具体实践,对泸州市沱江两岸的功能定位、规划构思、总体空间结构进行了探讨。

  5. Low-carbon City and Complex Community: From Planning Ideas to Planning Practice-A Case Study of Shanghai Nanqiao New City%从规划理念到实践的低碳城市与复合社区——以上海市南桥新城为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈琳; 石崧; 王玲慧

    2011-01-01

    in recent years, low-carbon concept has become a defining parameter of sustainable development. How the idea of low-carbon city can be translated into specific technical means to guide urban development remains a question. At the present, another round of city planning in Shanghai provides a good experimental platform for the realization of the afore-mentioned objectives. Based on the case of Shanghai Nanqiao New City, this paper proposes ideas to build a compact city by developing diverse communities to achieve the low-carbon objectives, taking into consideration of the increased opportunities for carbon emission trading and reduction.%近年来,“低碳”概念已经成为落实可持续发展理念的重要手段.城市规划作为城市发展重要的制度安排,应将“低碳城市”从单纯的理念转变为具体的技术手段,并能有效落实在城市空间组织的过程之中.目前,上海新一轮新城规划为上述目标的实现提供了有益的实验场所.基于上海南桥新城的规划实践,提出通过“复合社区”建设,从增加碳汇和降低碳排放的基本立足点出发,探讨从规划层面引导形成紧凑的城市形态、有序的城市空间结构,从而实现低碳城市的发展目标.

  6. Study on the Strategy of City Landscape Planning Based on Ecological Idea%基于生态理念的城市景观规划策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘薇

    2014-01-01

    The development of the city landscape planning and design cannot ignore the use and protection of the natural resources. In this paper, through the analysis of the significa-nce and the concept of city landscape planning based on eco-logical ideas, the author put forward strategy of applying na-tural resource in landscape planning to promote ecology and landscape to develop in harmony.%城市景观规划设计的发展中不能忽视对自然资源的利用和保护。本文通过对基于生态理念的城市景观规划的内涵与意义的分析,提出了在景观规划中应用自然资源的策略,以期将生态学与景观学共同促进,和谐发展。

  7. Geotechnical mapping of the urban perimeter of Chapada dos Guimarães: subsidies to the city master plan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Ximenes de Tavares Salomão

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The cartographic prediction, characterization, and documentation of geological processes and hazard areas have fundamentalimportance for land-use regulation and planning, respecting the potentials and limits of the lands. Geotechnical mappingis an effective tool, which provides local authorities with such information, as demonstrated in the elaboration of thegeotechnical mapping of the urban area of Chapada dos Guimarães, in Mato Grosso state, Brazil. The morphopedologicalapproach was used, and it allowed the integrated interpretation of physical components and deductions of water shed operations.It also allowed the boundary identification of areas of relative homogeneity, as far as physical processes, geotechnicalattributes, potentialities and restrictions of land use are concerned. Six geotechnical units were defined and characterized.One was favorable for using without restrictions; two others were restricted but subject to control by Civil Engineeringworks and the remaining three ones presented geological risks associated with mass movement and erosion. The latter wasconsidered non favorable for human occupation, therefore of restricted use, and specific planning conditions.

  8. Within and Without: City, University and Spatial Planning%在其中与不在其中:城市、大学与空间规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨宇振

    2011-01-01

    首先讨论全球化格局中的城市与大学之间的关系,探讨大学的不同定义与资本主义发展史之间的关系;提出社会生产与再生产理论分析框架以及资本空间、地方空间和信息空间三种亚空间类型,进一步阐述大学的社会功用;再结合中国的现实,分析大学空间规划与政治经济之间的关系,指出中国的社会、城市与大学异形同构,具有高度政治集权和寻求经济自主权力最大化的共同特性.突破这一格局的希望仍然在于大学的教育.%The relationship between city and university in the global context is examined, followed by a discussion of the various definitions of university corresponding to the development of capitalism in history. The social function of university is explored in a framework of social production and reproduction in which the author puts forward three sub-spatial dimensions ( space of capital, space of place and space of information ) . Taking into consideration of the Chinese reality ( termed as neo-liberalism with authoritarianism by David Harvey ) , the basic mode of spatial planning of university in China is analyzed and concluded. The author argues that the society, city and university in China are allo isomorphism, sharing the same characteristics of intensive political centralization and seeking for maximum economic power. The hope of breaking through this situation consists in the education of university.

  9. Waste flow analysis and life cycle assessment of integrated waste management systems as planning tools: Application to optimise the system of the City of Bologna.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tunesi, Simonetta; Baroni, Sergio; Boarini, Sandro

    2016-09-01

    The results of this case study are used to argue that waste management planning should follow a detailed process, adequately confronting the complexity of the waste management problems and the specificity of each urban area and of regional/national situations. To support the development or completion of integrated waste management systems, this article proposes a planning method based on: (1) the detailed analysis of waste flows and (2) the application of a life cycle assessment to compare alternative scenarios and optimise solutions. The evolution of the City of Bologna waste management system is used to show how this approach can be applied to assess which elements improve environmental performance. The assessment of the contribution of each waste management phase in the Bologna integrated waste management system has proven that the changes applied from 2013 to 2017 result in a significant improvement of the environmental performance mainly as a consequence of the optimised integration between materials and energy recovery: Global Warming Potential at 100 years (GWP100) diminishes from 21,949 to -11,169 t CO2-eq y(-1) and abiotic resources depletion from -403 to -520 t antimony-eq. y(-1) This study analyses at great detail the collection phase. Outcomes provide specific operational recommendations to policy makers, showing the: (a) relevance of the choice of the materials forming the bags for 'door to door' collection (for non-recycled low-density polyethylene bags 22 kg CO2-eq (tonne of waste)(-1)); (b) relatively low environmental impacts associated with underground tanks (3.9 kg CO2-eq (tonne of waste)(-1)); (c) relatively low impact of big street containers with respect to plastic bags (2.6 kg CO2-eq. (tonne of waste)(-1)).

  10. 温州梧白科技城升级改造规划探讨%Wenzhou Wubai Scientific City Renovation Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王福定; 黄轶平; 王杰; 李广钊

    2012-01-01

    Industrial zone upgrade symbolizes urban economic transition. Wubai scientific city renovation planning analyzes current spatial resource, context, and its relationship with surrounding districts, sets "creative industry highland, modern business district, high-quality livable neighborhood" visions, upgrades spaces, and organizes industrial, residential, and ecological zones, to control and guide land development.%城市工业区升级改造是城市经济转型的主要表现形式之一.温州梧白科技城升级改造规划首先进行合理的定位,通过对现有空间资源、肌理条件及其与周边城市功能区的关系的分析,确定“创新创意创业高地、现代商务商贸集聚区、品质居住生态家园”的定位;然后进行空间升级改造,对产业、居住、生态功能区进行有序组织,对用地空间进行量化控制与引导.

  11. "两型社会"背景下城郊分区规划编制模式探析——以武汉市新城组群分区规划为例%DISTRICT PLAN FORMULATION MODE IN MEGA CITIES' OUTSKIRTS :A CASE STUDY OF NEW CITY OF WUHAN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何梅; 汪云

    2009-01-01

    Based on the analysis ofcurrent development in outskirts of Wuhan city,this paper examines the challenges that the outskirts of mega cities are faced with under the background ofconstructing the conservation-minded and environment-friendly society,and reviews the an-adaptability of traditional district plan formulation to the regional plans in new social context.With district plans of new cities in Wuhan as an example,it discusses the planning innovation of the Wuhan outskirts from the aspects of target,mode,path and contents and so on.%以武汉市城郊结合地区发展现势分析为基础,剖析"两型社会"背景下,处于转型期的特大城市城郊结合地区规划面临的挑战,回顾并分析了传统分区规划对该类区域规划的不适应性.以武汉市新城组群分区规划的工作实践为例,从工作目标、模式与路径选择、规划主要内容等方面探讨了武汉市在大尺度城郊结合地区分区规划中的变革思路.

  12. EU Smart City Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmela Gargiulo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In recent years European Commission has developed a set of documents for Members States tracing, directly or indirectly, recommendations for the transformation of the European city. The paper wants to outline which future EU draws for the city, through an integrated and contextual reading of addresses and strategies contained in the last documents, a future often suggested as Smart City. Although the three main documents (Cohesion Policy 2014-2020 of European Community, Digital Agenda for Europe and European Urban Agenda face the issue of the future development of European cities from different points of view, which are respectively cohesion social, ICT and urban dimension, each of them pays particular attention to urban and territorial dimension, identified by the name of Smart City. In other words, the paper aims at drawing the scenario of evolution of Smart Cities that can be delineated through the contextual reading of the three documents. To this end, the paper is divided into three parts: the first part briefly describes the general contents of the three European economic plan tools; the second part illustrates the scenarios for the future of the European city contained in each document; the third part seeks to trace the evolution of the Smart Cities issue developed by the set of the three instruments, in order to provide the framework of European Community for the near future of our cities

  13. Research on the Interaction between Urban Planning and Development of Tourism in Zhangjiajie City%张家界城市规划与旅游业发展互动研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴吉林; 刘水良

    2013-01-01

    旅游业已经成为张家界城市发展的一个重要产业,它的发展依赖于旅游大环境的建设,与城市规划紧密相关。张家界自建市以来,旅游业得到了快速发展,对城市规划不断提出新的要求,因而,为了适应旅游业的发展,张家界城市规划频繁变更。同时,城市规划对旅游业的发展也具有重要的影响。主要研究张家界市城市规划和旅游业发展的互动关系,发现旅游城市城市规划和旅游业的发展具有相互促进、相辅相成的关系。%Tourism has become an important industry for the Zhangjiajie's urban development , whose development depends on the construction of the big environment of the tourism , and is closely related to urban planning . With present foundation of Zhangjiajie city , the tourism's rapid development has been raising the new requirement constantly for the urban planning . Thus in order to be suitable for the tourism's development , Zhangjiajie's urban planning is frequently changed . At the same time , the urban planning also has important effects on the tourism's development . In this paper , the author investigates the interaction between urban planning and the development of the tourism for Zhangjiajie city and finds that there exists the relation of promoting and complementing each other between the urban planning for tourism city and the development of the tourism .

  14. 谈城市总体规划对专类公园建设的指导作用%Discussion on the guiding role of overall city planning in theme park construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高程; 祝翔凌

    2012-01-01

    The thesis describes the theme park development status and layout in the city of China, mainly discusses and analyzes the setting of theme parks, and puts forward planning requirements of theme park setting at overall city planning phase, with a view to guarantee rational theme park arrangement.%阐述了中国城市专类公园发展现状以及以往专类公园的布局研究,重点对专类公园的设置进行了讨论与分析,并指出在城市总体规划阶段应对专类公园设置因素提出规划要求,以保证专类公园的合理布置。

  15. 莱芜市新农村规划设计存在的问题及建议%Problems and Suggestions of the New Rural Planning and Design in Laiwu City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张运利

    2014-01-01

    The new rural construction is a great historical task in the process of modernization in China, which is the fun- damental way of reducing the gap between city and count- ryside and expanding the demand of the rural market. We must implement the scientific concept of development,clear about the task, plan scientificaly and implement step by step. Using scientific planning leads the new rural construction in Laiwu city.%新农村建设是我国现代化进程中的重大历史任务,是缩小城乡差距、扩大农村市场需求的根本出路。我们必须落实科学发展观,明确任务、科学规划、分步实施,用科学规划引领莱芜市的新农村建设。

  16. Maintenance and construction planning design of the development and experimental foundation project in Taiyuan city%太原某研发及中试基地项目修建性规划设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张琨

    2012-01-01

    The paper describes the planning and design of the development and experimental foundation project in Taiyuan city, and discusses the project planning background, planning basis, planning and design points, building and vertical design and energy-saving design and so on, with a view to provide some guidance for similar project construction.%对太原某研发及中试基地项目的规划设计作了详细说明,从项目规划背景、规划依据、规划设计要点、建筑单体及立面设计、节能设计等方面展开了论述,以期为类似项目建设提供借鉴资料。

  17. Cities and Refugees

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Katz, Bruce; Noring, Luise; Garrelts, Nantke

    institutions, it is municipalities across Europe in general and Germany in particular who are responsible for planning, delivering, and, in some cases, financing the housing, education, and full integration of new arrivals. “Cities and Refugees: The European Response” is a collaboration of the Brookings...... Centennial Scholar Initiative and the Foreign Policy program, with key research led by the Copenhagen Business School. It aims to show the extent to which cities are at the vanguard of this crisis and to deepen our understanding of the role and capacity of city governments and local networks in resettlement...... and long-term economic and social integration....

  18. 基于山水要素的城市特色塑造研究--以江山市城市总体规划为例%The Study on City Characteristic Creation Based on Mountain-Water Element--A Case Study of Master Plan of Jiangshan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张如林; 邢仲余

    2013-01-01

      城市特色的塑造需要基于自身的特点,自然山水对于城市而言可遇不可求,如何因势利导,为城市特色加分是个永恒的课题。重点探讨在城市总体规划阶段的特色塑造,以江山市城市总体规划为例,从江山城市山水格局、特质及现状与问题分析入手,以“尊重生态本底、优化山水格局、优化城市组织”为核心思路,提出生态营城、景观提神、空间点睛、交通维局的规划手法与途径,实现城市特色的塑造以及城市品位的提升。%Creating the city characteristic needs its own feature, especial y when it has Mountain-Water Element, studying how to utilize it becomes very significance. This article discusses city characteristic creation at the master planning stage, as a case of master plan of Jiangshan city. The article firstly analyzes the city’s spatial framework, characteristics, and existing problems, and then puts forward dominant ideas as respecting the background eco-environment, optimizing mountain-water structure, optimizing city spatial organization. Finally, the article proposes four measures to create city characteristic and improve city quality, it’s about preserving the city’s mountain-water ecological environment, optimizing city’s landscape, increasing waterfront and hil side’s public space, organizing public transportation and slow-moving traffic along the mountains and rivers.

  19. Urban food planning, city logistics and sustainability: the role of the wholesale produce market. The cases of Parma and Bologna food hubs.

    OpenAIRE

    Morganti, Maria Eleonora

    2011-01-01

    At global level, the population is increasingly concentrating in the cities. In Europe, around 75% of the population lives in urban areas and, according to the European Environmental Agency (2010), urban population is foreseen to increase up to 80 % by 2020. At the same time, the quality of life in the cities is declining and urban pollution keeps increasing in terms of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, waste, noise, and lack of greenery. Many of European cities struggle to cope with social, ec...

  20. Image city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2003-01-01

    Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities.......Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities....

  1. 临安市森林城市建设实践与规划%Practice and Planning of Making Linan a Forest City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范义荣; 蒋文伟; 林余益; 徐文辉; 张振峥

    2009-01-01

    Based on the theory of ecological networks of urban forest system and the status of forest resources in mountain areas of Linan city, and considering the development strategy for a modern city, the paper proposes the conception of building harmonious and ecological green city, and specifies the objectives and overall layout of urban forest. Therefore to build a forest city with local cultural characteristics,abundant biodiversity and sustainable development, further to effectively improve the ecological environment in the region, promote social, economic and environmental development in a harmonious way.

  2. Smart City - Smart Trafikplanlægning

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    City development faces a new paradigm: it is now fundamental to take into deep consideration the environmental problems and therefore propose new solutions for city developing that seeks to solve these problems. The concept of thinking that cities can be smart, by using technological solutions as a way to solve environmental problems, is today broadly used in city planning. This concept is called Smart City. This project aims to contribute to a wise implementation of smart technologies so ...

  3. Specialized Planning of Rainwater Drainage System for Coastal Cities%某沿海城市雨水排水系统专项规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘巧红

    2016-01-01

    The drainage region was divided and drainage pattern was determined according to the principles of safety, energy efficiency,cost efficiency,scientificness and innovativeness for solving current problems of rainwater drainage system.In addition,present pipes,terrain and topography,receiving waterbody and the susceptibility of coastal cities to storm surge were also taken into consideration.Correspondingly,measures for rebuilding and using of the current rainwater drainage system and for moisture protection were proposed,which closely combine traditional rainwater pipe systems,low impact development rainwater systems and super standard rainwater discharge systems.These approaches may give full play to the guiding function of the specialized planning for engineering construction,protecting people’s life and social produc-tion from waterlog.%针对雨水排水系统存在的问题,遵循安全、节能、经济、科学和创新的原则,考虑沿海城市易遭受风暴潮灾害的特殊情况,结合现状管渠、地形地势和受纳水体,划分排水分区,确定排水方式,提出对现状雨水系统的改造利用措施和防潮措施,将传统的雨水管渠系统、低影响开发雨水系统和超标雨水径流排放系统紧密结合,充分发挥规划对工程建设的指导作用,保护人民生活和社会生产免受洪涝灾害影响。

  4. 国家城市公园的设计研究——以开远市现代城市规划为例%The Design and Research of National City Park——An Experiment of Modern Kaiyuan City Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    木霁弘; 周平凯

    2011-01-01

    中国的城市建设如何走自己的发展之路?我们的方案是探索一条与过去西方城市发展完全不同的模式:构建国家城市公园。国家城市公园,提供的应该是人与人、人与自然和谐相处的广阔远景,实行乡村城市化、城市田园化、生态与人文多元共存,完善的公共服务体系为每一位居民提供便利。开远因其特殊的自然生态与社会文化,最有可能被打造为国家城市公园。%How can Chinese cities break the dead end of the city destiny?Our plan is to walk our own way by exploring a new mode completely different from western one:the national city park.National city park should provide a broad vision of harmony between man and man, man and nature,the countryside urbanized while the city ruralized.All kinds of ecology and culture co-exist here,forming a perfect public service system for each resident.Kaiyuan city is most likely to be a national city park because of its special natural ecology and social culture.

  5. Analysis of the Regional Planning and Development of Modern New Urban Areas-- Taking the Planning of 07 Unit in Nanqiao New City as an Example%现代城市新区区域规划与开发分析--以南桥新城07单元规划为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王太白

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author investigate and analysis the status of the study area, analysis the regional planning, and rational analysis the regional planning, land development, tran-sportation planning and greening planning of Southbridge 07-unit in the new city so as to provide a new idea for urban plani-ng, land development and transportation planning.%  通过对研究区域现状调查与分析、区域规划分析,合理分析了南桥新城07单元的区域规划、土地开发和交通规划及绿化规划等,为城市规划、土地开发和交通规划提供了一种新思路。

  6. Eco-city Planning System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Ecology is being developed into a comprehensive discipline that studies man and nature, concerning every aspect of human activities. The concept of ecology is first put forward by Ernst Haeckel, the

  7. Malmo: A city in transition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anderson, Tessa Kate

    2014-01-01

    . From 1840 to the mid-1970s, Malmo’s growth continued to flourish. Like many Swedish cities, the manufacturing recession of the mid-1970s bought unemployment and population decline. Malmo transitioned from a manufacturing hub into a knowledge city with a strong focus on sustainable planning. Malmo has...

  8. The Carbon City Index (CCI)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boyd, Britta; Straatman, Bas; Mangalagiu, Diana

    the emission impact of various possible municipal climate plans over time. As such, the index promotes the export of solutions from one region on another, as it enables policy makers to look elsewhere for best practices and test them on their own city before potential implementation. The index facilitates...... an easy to use and transparent comparison of factual and planned emission policies in different cities and can inform regional sustainability discussion and contribute to the dissemination of solutions....

  9. Waterfront Landscape Planning along the Yihe River in the New District of Luoyang City%伊河洛阳新区段滨水景观规划探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜虹; 陈茜; 张丹

    2012-01-01

    General situation of the Yihe River in the New District of Luoyang City and its evolution history were introduced and evaluated from 4 perspectives of water, embankment, vegetation and traffic accessibility. On this basis, orientation of waterfront landscape planning of the Yihe River in the overall urban planning of Luoyang City was proposed, and it was proposed that waterfront landscape planning in the study area should follow the ecological principle, cultural and regional principle, public service principle, accessible principle and human-centered principle. It was to provide references for the landscape planning and design of the Yibe River in the new district of Luoyang City, and to promote its waterfront landscape construction.%分析了伊河洛阳新区段的总体概况及其发展演变过程,从水体、驳岸、植被、交通可达性4个方面对伊河洛阳新区段的现状加以分析与评价.在此基础上,指出了伊河滨水景观规划在洛阳市城市总体规划中的定位,强调伊河洛阳新区段滨水景观规划应遵循生态性原则、文化性与地域性原则、公共服务性原则、可达性原则以及人本性原则.以期为伊河洛阳新区段景观规划设计工作提供参考,以此推动伊河洛阳新区段滨水景观的构建.

  10. PLANNING, CONSTRUCTION, AND MANAGEMENT OF PARKING LOTS IN MEGA-CITY:PROBLEM, EXPERIENCE, AND STRATEGY%特大城市停车场规划建设管理:问题、经验与策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶希东

    2012-01-01

    随着城市化和交通技术的快速发展,人类正在迎来一个崭新的汽车社会,随之而来的交通拥堵和停车难也越来越成为城市发展面临的重大现实问题之一.本文主要分析了当前我国特大城市停车场规划、建设、管理中存在的主要问题,总结了发达国家的相关经验,提出了优化我国特大城市停车场规划,建设、管理的基本策略.%Along with the rapid development of urbanization and transportation technology, human society is facing a new automobile era, which brings along problems of traffic congestion and parking difficulty to cities. The paper analyzes the major issues in the planning, construction, and management of parking lots in some mega-cities in China, and puts forward suggestions on strategies for optimization of planning, construction, and management of parking lots in these cities, based on related experience of certain developed countries.

  11. Potential of the City of Belgrade’s urban areas and establishment of institutional, strategic and planning framework for utilization of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency within the City of Belgrade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lalošević Marija

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the potential of renewable energy sources within the area of City of Belgrade, and explores the possibilities of their further implementation in the field of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency, in line with mandatory EU Directives. A synergetic approach has been proposed in the recommendations for the implementation of goals/targets and policies in the fields of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency in the City of Belgrade. They put an emphasis on the importance of implementation of the strategic documents of the City. Recommendations on have been provided regarding the required institutional preconditions that have to be met in order for these goals to be achieved, as well as urbanistic and building design-related measures/standards in achieving energy efficiency.

  12. Analysis on the Application of Marketing Theory in City Planning%市场营销定位理论在城市规划中的应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李金伟

    2013-01-01

    This article from the view of marketing, analyzes the city weakening the competitiveness in the economic devel-opment competition because of the lack of differentiation pos-itioning. The location should be based on the operation chara-cteristics of the audience mind, carry out four steps of city po-sitioning differences, aim at the optimization of city planning system, reduce the similar of city architectural style and repe-tition of industrial structure repetition phenomena.%文章从市场营销视角,对城市在经济发展竞赛中因为缺少差异化定位导致的竞争力减弱情况进行综述分析。提出定位应在尊重受众心智运行特点的前提下,实施城市差异化定位的四个步骤,宗旨在优化城市规划体系,减少城市建筑风格雷同和产业结构重复等现象。

  13. @City: technologising Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rojas, Jesús

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is about the concept of the contemporary city - the influence that technology has when one thinks about, plans and lives in a city. The conjunction of technology and city reformulates customs and social practices; it can even determine the way one constitutes one's own identity. One can see how close the relation is between technology (specifically, TICS and the structures of the city in a wide variety of situations: in social interactions on the street, in transport, and in ways of buying, of working and entertainment. "@City" is a concept that very well reflects the emergent properties of a current city, that is, the coexistence of a physical and a virtual urban space. The "22@Barcelona" project attempts to bring together different types of spaces. By combining the physical with the virtual, 22@Barcelona, as a neighborhood of @City, creates an uncertain and blurred border between both spaces.The article also examines the impact that these spaces have on the psycho-social processes involved in the daily life of a traditionally working-class neighborhood, now strongly limited by technological boundaries.

  14. @City: technologising Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Rojas

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is about the concept of the contemporary city - the influence that technology has when one thinks about, plans and lives in a city. The conjunction of  technology and city reformulates customs and social practices; it can even determine the way one constitutes one's own identity. One can see how close the relation is between technology (specifically, TICS and the structures of the city in a wide variety of situations: in social interactions on the street, in transport, and in ways of buying, of working and entertainment. "@City" is a concept that very well reflects  the emergent properties of a current city, that is, the coexistence of a physical and a virtual urban space. The "22@Barcelona" project attempts to bring together different types of spaces. By combining the physical with the virtual, 22@Barcelona, as a neighborhood of @City,  creates an uncertain and blurred border between both spaces.The article also examines the impact that these spaces have on the psycho-social processes involved in the daily life of a traditionally working-class neighborhood, now strongly limited by technological boundaries.

  15. Beer City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Shandong Province’s Qingdao is becoming China’s great beer city sicenically located on a peninsula over-looking the Pacific Ocean, Qingdao, |or Tsingtao, is a coastal city soaked in two kinds of foam. One floats in

  16. Urban Growth Areas, City and Village Comprehensive Planning, Published in 2007, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Lafayette County Land Records.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Urban Growth Areas dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2007. It is described as 'City...

  17. 乐山城市色彩与城市形象的构建经营%Study on Planning of Leshan Urban Color and City Image

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨芒

    2011-01-01

    对乐山城市色彩现状进行调研,分析了乐山城市色彩主要构成元素,结合乐山地质构成、气候条件、生态环境、传统建筑等因素的色彩规律,确定了乐山城市主体色彩,并在此基础上,以其他城市色彩为例,结合乐山山水旅游城市的特点,对乐山城市生态色彩打造提出建议,丰富乐山的旅游资源,同时对乐山城市色彩创建过程中出现的问题进行了关注。%It researched the color status of Leshan city, and analysed the main components of the color elements in this city and formed the main color of this city from the color rules about the geological formation, climatic conditions, ecological environment, and traditional architecture. On this basis, it made great recommendations to the ecological color of Leshan and paid attention to the problem about enriching the tourism resources and creation the city color according to other city color and the characteristics of landscape tourism city.

  18. City PLANTastic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The city is going green. From New York to Copenhagen vegetables are enthusiastically planted on city squares, and buildings are turning green everywhere . The word “plant” is on everyone’s lips, reflecting a growing desire to solve ecological, technical and social challenges in the city. Hovever,...... and urbanism, who reflect upon the multiple roles of plants in the future city through their most recent projects. The theme for the 2012 World in Denmark conference is City PLANTastic, which will also be explored by researchers through their works....

  19. Sustainability in South Asian city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghulam Akhmat

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available City brings about the most complex interplay of social, cultural, and political dimensions of space. It will have to accommodate around one billion humans only in South Asia by the year 2030. Therefore it needs to be prepared to absorb huge increases in urban population and resulting pressure on basic infrastructure and livelihood opportunities. In order to secure a better future and to improve the quality of life of all the citizens, city needs to be reinvented, by incorporating creativity and innovation with the approaches, we use in its planning. Here we present an overview of the progress, challenges and some key interventions to reinvent the city in South Asian region as well as in the developing world, with the examples of the most populous countries in the region: India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Planning transforms geometric space in city into lived space. City planning in South Asia is as old as the human settlement itself, but the current situation is well below the level to be admired. Most of the city plans have been faulty with poor economic base and implementability, and fostered unintended city within the city, whose growth rate shadows the growth rate of the city itself. City in the developing world desperately needs to follow a sustainable development pattern which satisfies the requirement for equity; meets basic human needs; allows social and ethnic self-determination; promotes environmental awareness, integrity and inter-linkages between various living beings across time and space. It requires a combination of strategic policy making, supported by a system that combines personal opinion with scientific knowledge. It needs to reset the basis for the articulation of the initiatives of all relevant stakeholders to seek synergies for its development.

  20. CITIES: Centre for IT-Intelligent Energy Systems in Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herrmann, Ivan Tengbjerg; O'Connell, Niamh; Heller, Alfred

    2014-01-01

    This extended abstract provides an introduction to an interdisciplinary strategic research project, CITIES which has been funded with an excess of € 7 million from a wide range of industrial and academic partners, and the Danish Council for Strategic Research. CITIES was launched January 1, 2014...... and aims at developing methodologies and ICT solutions for the analysis, operation, planning and development of fully integrated urban energy systems. A holistic research approach will be developed, to provide solutions at all levels between the appliance and the overall system, and at all-time scales...... between operations and planning. This extended abstract outlines the challenges to be met by city and energy planning bodies in an energy efficient future. The necessity of novel, data driven and IT intelligent solutions is stressed. A focus is placed on energy system planning in systems with high...

  1. Climate change and cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Satterthwaite, David

    2006-10-15

    What is done, or not done, in cities in relation to climate change over the next 5-10 years will affect hundreds of millions of people, because their lives and livelihoods are at risk from global warming. What is done in cities will also have a major influence on whether the escalating risks for the whole planet will be reduced or eliminated. Climate change needs to be considered in all development plans and investments - local, regional, national and international. Urban growth must be made more climate-resilient and help reduce, rather than increase, greenhouse gas emissions. This will not be done by the market; it can only be done by governments.

  2. The Emergence of City Logistics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammelgaard, Britta

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: – Many city logistics projects in Europe have failed. A better understanding of the complex organizational change processes in city logistics projects with many stakeholders may expand city logistics capabilities and thereby help prevent future failures. The purpose of this paper...... is therefore to increase understanding of how city logistics emerge, and secondarily, to investigate whether such processes can be managed at all. Design/methodology/approach: – A paradigm shift in urban planning creates new ways of involving stakeholders in new sustainability measures such as city logistics....... Organizational change theory is applied to capture the social processes leading to emergence of city logistics. The methodology is a qualitative processual analysis of a single longitudinal case. Findings: – The change process took different forms over time. At the time of concluding the analysis, positive...

  3. Study on the Sewage-received River Harness and Landscape Planning in City River%浅谈城市内排污河的治理与景观规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李霞

    2012-01-01

    文章介绍和比较了广东韶关市林桥坑采用覆盖建设小游园的方式、日本古川町从改变居民意识入手的长效方案和广州荔枝湾河涌有效而富有地方特色的景观营造方式,认为治理城市河涌的最有效方法是提高市民认知度和建立长效机制。%Three city facing the same problem about the sewage-received river has taken three different construct styles, Shaoguan Linqiao River selected building small garden on the concrete slab, and the Japanese Furukawa selected from a change in resident consciousness of long-term plan, while Guangzhou Lizhi River is taken the best way from the practice. The conclusion is that the difficult problem for the construction of waterfront landscape that how according to the local characteristics of city to the sewage-received river in city.

  4. 市、县基础测绘规划中航空摄影规划及其数据采集方法%The Method of Aerial Photographic Planning and Data Acquisition in City and County Fundamental Surveying and Mapping Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳; 李景文

    2012-01-01

    基础航空摄影产品是服务于社会各行各业的重要基础测绘成果,但多数市、县级基础测绘规划任务中缺少对基础航空摄影的规划。本文以测绘行业的相关法律法规为基础,探索了在市、县级基础测绘规划实施过程中,基础航空摄影的规划方案和基于基础航空摄影测量的数据采集方法,从而提高了基础测绘产品服务经济社会发展的水平和效率。%The basic aerial photography products are important basic surveying and mapping results serving the society from all walks of life, but the planning of basic surveying and mapping of most cities and counties lacks the planning of basic aerial photography. Based on the related laws of surveying and mapping, this paper explores the plan of basic aerial photography and the method of data acquisition based on basic aerial photogrammetry in the process of implementation of city and country level basic surveying and map- ping planning, thus improves the efficiency and ability of serving social economic development of basic surveying and mapping product.

  5. Discrimination on the Concept of Historic City in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jinghui; LI Caige

    2012-01-01

    In 1982,the State Council announced a list of historic cities in China,aiming to set up a conservation measure to conserve the cultural heritages from the perspective of a city.The historic city is a concept in relation to urban administrative governance.Its conservation scope and specific contents should be defined in conservation planning.Since the conservation planning of historic city is a part of the city master planning,its planning area should be the same as that in the master planning,with focus on the central urban area.The conservation planning of a historic city should define its objects in view of the interconnection between city history and culture and thus specify its conservation scope and contents accordingly.

  6. Analysis Of The Application Of Big Data And Smart City Technology In Urban Planning%大数据和智慧城市技术在城乡规划中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵亚飞

    2016-01-01

    传统的城乡规划在经历不同阶段发展之后,迎来了以大数据和智慧城市为技术手段的新时期。大数据和智慧城市技术在城乡规划领域逐渐得到认可,并在近几年被广泛研究和应用。本文将浅析大数据和智慧城市技术在城乡规划中的应用,探寻新兴技术和概念如何协调和配合传统政策,从而辅助提出传统城乡区域解决问题的新的解决方案。文章的创新点在于,将大数据和智慧城市技术综合考虑分析,相互协同,统筹数据分析和利用资源,用信息时代的方法为城市空间和基础设施的发展提供参考。%The traditional urban planning is now changing into a new age of big data and smart city technologies after different periods of development. The big data and smart city technologies is more and more accepted in the field of urban planning, and has been widely applied into practice these years. This article wil analyze the application of big data and smart city technologies in urban planning, and explore how the new technologies coordinate with the traditional policy in order to generate a solution for traditional and rural areas. The innovation point of this article is to analyze big data and smart city technologies together to cooperate and use resources, also provide the reference for the development of urban space and infrastructure.

  7. 唐山环城水系河道景观规划布局原则%Planning Principle of the River Landscape for the Water Systems around Tangshan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Combining with the construction of the water systems around Tangshan city, the paper is based on the analysis for the background, overall layout and the design principle of the river landscape planning and design. Therefore it gives a detailed analysis for the strategies of the river landscape planning and design from three aspects as water system landscape, embankment landscape and green passageway view construction. The purpose is to set up beautiful scenes in the harmony of man and water and create ecosystem environments bordering on water with pure water, green shore and beautiful views in the city.%  结合唐山市环城水系工程建设,在对其河道景观规划背景、总体布局及原则分析基础上,从水系景观、堤岸景观及绿色走廊景观营造三方面,对河道景观的规划设计策略进行了详细阐述,以期构建人水和谐的城市美景,创造“水清、岸绿、景美”的城市滨水生态环境。

  8. Sin City?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svarer, Michael; Gautier, Pieter A.; Teulings, Coen n.

    s moving to the countryside a credible commitment device for couples? We investigate whether lowering the arrival rate of potential alternative partners by moving to a less populated area lowers the dissolution risk for a sample of Danish couples. We find that of the couples who married in the city......, the ones who stay in the city have significant higher divorce rates. Similarly, for the couples who married outside the city, the ones who move to the city are more likely to divorce. This correlation can be explained by both a causal and a sorting effect. We disentangle them by using the timing...

  9. Eating Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg; Fisker, Anna Marie; Clausen, Katja Seerup

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyzed the development of a city based sustainable food strategy for the city of Aalborg. It’s based on 3 cases of food service: food for the elderly as operated by the Municipality, food the hospital patients as operated by the region and food for defense staff as operated by the st......This paper analyzed the development of a city based sustainable food strategy for the city of Aalborg. It’s based on 3 cases of food service: food for the elderly as operated by the Municipality, food the hospital patients as operated by the region and food for defense staff as operated...

  10. Citizens’ Participation in Planning Local Self–Government Expenditures on the Example of the Participatory Budget of the City of Torun in 2013 and 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Czarnecki

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The idea of so-called participatory budget was brought into effect for the first time twenty five years ago in the Brazilian city of Porto Alegre. In the short time participatory budget gained a great popularity, spreading to the entire country, and then to other South-American states. About 2000 many cities all over the world made attempts to implement participatory budgets. Members of local communities usually are enthusiastic, as participatory budget empowers them to decide on part of expenditures of local self-governments. Participatory budget creates alternative way of spending public funds. In Poland, the first city that decided to implement participatory budget was Sopot (2011. At present participatory budget is functioning in several dozen Polish local self-government units. In the article author tries to explain role and position of participatory budget according to the Act on Local Self-Government (1991. The structure and procedure concerning participatory budget is described on the example of the city of Torun (2013–2014.

  11. 我国城市规划教育起源的探讨——兼述朱皆平教授教学思想%DISCUSSION ON THE ORIGIN OF CITY PLANNING EDUCATION IN CHINA: WITH AN INTRODUCTION TO PROFESSOR ZHU JIEPING'S EDUCATIONAL IDEOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱建; 崔珩

    2012-01-01

    Along with the industrial revolution in western countries, the concerns with issues of residence, public health, and environment protection, etc., brought about the emergence of modern city planning discipline. Its contents and ideology has been introduced into China's city planning education in early time. Between the 1920s and 1930s, Tangshan Campus of Jiaotong University offered related courses under the Department of Municipal and Sanitation Engineering, such as urban planning and design, planning administration and management, planning technology, etc., which started the early city planning education in China. Employed as a professor to teach city planning, Mr. ZHU Jieping made a significant contribution to the early city planning education and research in terms of textbook compilation, educational methodology, educational ideology, education practice and planning theory.%西方工业革命进程中对居住问题、公共卫生、环境保护等问题的关注孕育了现代城市规划学科,其视野与思想也被应用于我国早期城市规划教育.20世纪20-30年代,交通大学唐山学校市政卫生工程科下设置了规划设计、规划行政与管理、规划技术等相关课程,启动了早期的城市规划教学.朱皆平先生作为唐山工学院的受聘教授讲授城市规划课程,在教材建设、教学方法、教育理念、教学实践和规划理论上为城市规划的早期教育与学术研究做出了重要贡献.

  12. 周口市朱集村特色生态农庄规划探析%Analysis on Planning of Characteristic Ecological Farm in Zhuji Village of Zhoukou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖鸿燚

    2011-01-01

    Taking the practice of the plan of characteristic ecological farm b Zhuji Village of Zhoukou City as research object, and based on project planning and designing, planning principles, function area, key project planning and so on, the ideas and methods as well as the development of the characteristic; ecological farm were expounded, and it provided reference for the development of agricultural farm in the east regions in Henan Province.%以河南省周口市朱集村特色生态农庄的规划设计实践为对象,从项目定位、规划原则、空间布局以及重点项目的策划等方面入手,详细分析了朱集村特色生态农庄规划的理念、方法以及开发建设的思路,为中原地区尤其是豫东地区类似农业庄园的发展提供了借鉴和参考.

  13. Empirical Research on Enterprises Strate Marketing Planning Behaviour---A case of Wuhu City%芜湖市企业市场营销规划行为研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚国荣; 王海军; 陆林

    2014-01-01

    结合中国企业对市场营销规划工作的认识,运用问卷调查和实地访谈,实证研究了安徽省芜湖市各类企业营销规划工作基本问题,从规划地位、规划制定和规划实施与控制等几个方面,进行了剖析,并为解决这些问题提出相关管理建议。%In order to know China enterprises' cognition in marketing planning, we use questionnaires to survey the existing circum-stances of enterprise marketing planning in Wuhu City, Anhui Province. This article analyses the position of marketing planning and the diffi-culty they are faced with during enacting marketing planning. It also throw out suggestions to resolve the problems.

  14. 重庆悦来生态城模式——低碳城市规划理论与实践探索%The Yuelai Eco-City Model—An Exploration on Chongqing Low-Carbon City Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    扈万泰; Peter Calthorpe

    2012-01-01

    As "superblock" creates many problems, such as the sacrifice of walking opportunities deterioration of urban environment and traffic congestions, the planning of Chongqing Yuelai Eco-city has therefore followed "Five Chongqing" development strategy. The plan to a large extent has respected complicated local topography, given priority to public transit and pedestrians. The planning for the light railways has been well integrated into city' s efforts to promote transit oriented development, humanized urban spaces and unique local cultures. This paper focuses on the planning of small-size block and uban networks in Chongqing.%针对普遍运用的“超大街区”的规划方式不但影响步行环境和城市品质,而且易造成交通堵塞的问题,重庆悦来生态城规划结合“五个重庆”的发展战略以及场地复杂的地形条件,形成了充分体现公共交通优先、行人步行优先、结合轨道站点开发、人性化尺度空间以及城市文化特色的生态城市规划模式.介绍了以“小街区”和“城市格网”为基础的这一规划设计模式的理论与实践探索.

  15. 缓解山地城市热岛效应规划措施探讨%Analysis of Planning Measures of Mountain City to Reduce Urban Heat Island

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈昌鸣

    2014-01-01

    指出了全球变暖和热岛效应对人类生活环境所带来的危害日趋严重,从城市规划这个源头采取措施缓解城市热岛显得尤为重要。山地城市热岛效应因地形因素与平原城市有较大差异,针对山地城市的特殊情况,对山地城市热岛产生的原因进行了分析。从城市空间结构、能源、绿地系统、道路交通等方面探讨了缓解山地城市热岛效应的规划措施,为山地城市设计和发展提供参考。%Nowadays ,it is a great challenge for the human society when the global warming and heat island effect become seriously .The heat island effect of the mountainous city is different from that of the plain city .Considering the special situation of the mountain city ,this article analyzes its reasons causing the heat island effect ,and discusses the planning measures for rerducing the heat island effect from the aspects of urban space structures ,energy usage , green system ,communication system and so on ,in order to provide references for the design and development of the mountain city .

  16. 城市与积极老龄化:老年友好城市建设的国际经验%The City and Active Aging:International Initiatives Towards Age-friendly Urban Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    窦晓璐; 约翰·派努斯; 冯长春

    2015-01-01

    Efforts to make cities and communities more age-friendly have gained signiifcant momentum in recent years. Population aging and increased urbanization have challenged governments and other civic organizations to consider how best to develop a community that is accessible for all of its residents. This article provides a general overview to current age-friendly cities elements, features, and initiatives that have influenced the age-friendly movement. It briefly discusses the opportunities and challenges in cities and communities, which their stakeholders might encounter in their age-friendly efforts. Successful examples are addressed to demonstrate the age-friendly initiative in western country. It also makes summarize for urban policies, and suggestions for the future age-friendly city and community planning and construction in China.%近年来,随着人口老龄化和城市化的进程,建设老年友好性城市和社区正在得到愈发广泛的关注。本文描述了建设老年友好城市所面临的主要问题和挑战,介绍了近年来国际范围内的老年友好城市建设现状,包括西方主要国家的老年友好城市行动原则、要素和着眼点,并通过实例分析,讨论了建设老年友好城市和社区的关键问题和挑战,对中国未来的老年友好城市和社区建设提出建议。

  17. Gods of the City? Reflecting on City Building Games as an Early Introduction to Urban Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bereitschaft, Bradley

    2016-01-01

    For millions of gamers and students alike, city building games (CBGs) like SimCity and the more recent Cities: Skylines present a compelling initial introduction to the world of urban planning and development. As such, these games have great potential to shape players' understanding and expectations of real urban patterns and processes. In this…

  18. Land-use planning for both city and countryside in Shanghai%土地利用规划既要“进好城”又要“下好乡”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石忆邵

    2015-01-01

    Based on the actual situation in Shanghai, this study discusses the objective necessity of land-use planning for both city and countryside, and puts forward new tasks for land-use planning against the background of new urbanization. The author argues that land-use planning of Shanghai’s central city remains indispensable, while land-use planning of Shanghai’s outskirts needs further deepening and reifning. Currently, the main tasks are as follows: (1) to maintain and expand the ecological space network system and to enhance the level of economical and intensive land utilization continuously; (2) to advance in-depth interactive coordination between industrial development and urban construction and to speed up the construction of the urban–agricultural complex city; and (3) to expand public space persistently in the spatial reconstruction of urban and rural areas.%针对上海的实际情况,讨论了土地利用规划既要“进城”又要“下乡”的客观必要性,提出了新型城镇化背景下土地利用规划的新课题。本文认为:上海中心城区的土地利用规划依然必不可少,郊区的土地利用规划有待进一步深化和细化;当前的主要任务是:一要在维护和拓展生态空间网络体系的同时,不断提升土地节约集约利用水平;二要在深度推进产城融合发展进程中,加快建设都农融合城市;三要在城乡空间重构中,持续拓展公共空间。

  19. Wisdom City and“Wisdom Planning”-- Discuss the Conceptual Framework and Key Field of Planning of Urban and Rural under the View of Wisdom City%智慧城市与“智慧规划”--智慧城市视野下城乡规划展开研究的概念框架与关键领域探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊雨箫

    2014-01-01

    目前,人类社会已经进入了信息化的高速发展时代。而信息化时代的到来,则为智慧城市的建设和发展提供了必要的条件。本文在对智慧城市理念进行介绍的基础上,对智慧城市中的城乡规划的概念框架与关键领域进行了研究与探讨。%At present, human society has entered the inf-ormation era with rapid development. The arrival of info-rmation age provides the necessary conditions to construct and develop the wisdom city. Based on the introduction to the concept of wisdom city, this paper studies and discusses conceptual framework and key field of planning of urban and rural under wisdom city.

  20. The Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Jensen, Ole B.; Kiib, Hans

    2009-01-01

    of a research project  mapping the different approaches to urban transformation and experience design, to the level of strategic thinking and planning, and to the content of the programs implemented. Special emphasis is put on on projects combining experience, leisure and learning, and on projects which have...... concepts and framings that will guide the understanding and the analysis of the experience city. In section three we focus on the design of the Danish experience city and present the first findings of the research project The projects are categorised according to their content, structure and urban...... localisation. In particular the cases are represented in relation to their strategic and urban planning importance, their social and cultural content and their architectural representation and the programmes they contain. The article ends with a short discussion of some  of these preliminary findings as well...

  1. Atypical Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiJulio, Betsy

    2011-01-01

    In this creative challenge, Surrealism and one-point perspective combine to produce images that not only go "beyond the real" but also beyond the ubiquitous "imaginary city" assignment often used to teach one-point perspective. Perhaps the difference is that in the "atypical cities challenge," an understanding of one-point perspective is a means…

  2. New city spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gehl, Jan; Gemzøe, Lars

    2001-01-01

    2. rev. udg. engelsk udgave af 'Nye byrum'. This book presents an overview of the developments in the use and planning of public spaces, and offers a detailed description of 9 cities with interesting public space strategies: Barcelona, Lyon, Strasbourg, Freiburg and Copenhagen in Europe, Portland...... in North America, Curitiba and Cordoba in South America and Melbourne in Australia. It also portrays 39 selected public space projects from all parts of the World. The strategies and projects are extensively illustrated by drawings, plans and photographs....

  3. INSTANT CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans

    2013-01-01

    experiments are taking place in ‘the instant city’, and how can it be characterized? It also emphasizes the relation between city life, urban design, and the aesthetics of architecture and urban spaces. The question here is, in what way architecture and urban scenography are used as tools to support the goal...... of an experimental and social en- gaged city environment? The analysis shows that the specific city life at the instant city, Roskilde Festival, can be characterized by being ‘open minded’, ‘playful’ and ‘inclusive’, but also by ‘a culture of laughter’ that penetrates the aesthetics and the urban scenography.......This article analyses Roskilde Festival as an Instant City. For more than 40 years, Roskilde Festival has had many thousands participants for a weeklong festival on music, performances and cultural experiences in a layout designed as an urban environment. During the last ten years, in- creasing...

  4. New Cities In Urban And Regional Development Planning Oyesiku K; Lagos, Nigeria. Longman (2010 Pp 353. Isbn 978 978 026 3577 (Paper Back Includes Index, Photos, Notes, Tables And Figures, Appendix And References. Price N1,500.00. Approx. $10.00.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Olaitan Lawal

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available For a long time, cities have been regarded as the main source of economic growth and development. However, increased size and density of cities have generated high land costs, rent and transport cost, congestion and pollution, and increased social disorganization. The condition is even worse in developing countries – urban migration, over-utilization of housing and infrastructure, persistent slums, and squatter settlements. This books represents a comparative study between the USA and Nigeria related to characteristics of the cities in both countries. This book tries to address the question “How has the United States of America and Nigeria have been able to address the problems of ‘swollen’ cities and metropolitan growth?”. Outcome of several planned new communities and cities in both countries is of paramount importance to the contribution of knowledge on physical planning approaches globally. The most significant discussion are shown in the final chapter, by giving examples of policy implications and comments on new cities in national and regional development as well as urban and regional development and planning strategy in the global context.

  5. Baotou Becomes Pilot City for Transition & Upgrading of the National Rare Earth Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Ministry of Finance recently approved transition&upgrading; pilot plan for Baotou City rare earth industry,Baotou City has been identified as pilot city for

  6. Development of suburb farm landscape in the process of urban-rural overall planning from the perspective of ecological economics: a case study of Chengdu City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Dan; Wang Xiaohong

    2009-01-01

    With the accelerating development of Chinese urbanization and the widening gap between rural and urban areas, urban-rural overall planning is to be an inevitable choice for economic and social development.However, the specific patterns and methods in urban-rural overall planning are greatly different.From the persperctive of ecological economy, taking the main physical and biological pattern of the farmland as research objects, this paper analyzes the components and characteristics of farm landscape, the relationship between farm landscape exploitation and rural tourism, and the role of farm landscape exploitation in planning urban and rural development.It expatiates on the pattern, method and principle of farm landscape development.Furthermore, based on the actual development case, this paper explores how to make high-grade tourism products with scientific and reasonable farm landscape development method, how to increase peasant income, how to improve urban and rural ecological economic environment, so as to promote urban-rural overall planning.

  7. A natureza no cotidiano urbano - o projeto da paisagem na cidade de Maringá = Nature and everyday urban life - the landscape planning in the city of Maringá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Schwabe Meneguetti

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available As cidades há muito tempo tentam incorporar a noção de equilíbrio estético, funcional e psicológico resultante da presença da natureza, de suas mais variadas formas, permeando e compondo o tecido urbano e o seu entorno. Os espaços livres públicos têm papel fundamental na conformação da cidade e em sua qualificação. O Planejamento, projeto e apropriação desses espaços são condicionantes da criação dos lugares e da identificação das pessoas com a cidade. Deste modo, o projeto da cidade, e conseqüentemente, dos espaços públicos, deve levar em consideração os aspectos ambientais e sociais, sendo enfocado como processo, uma vez que cria e é criado, continuamente.Assim, este artigo faz uma análise da cidade de Maringá, Estado do Paraná, enfocando sua paisagem projetada, amplamente divulgada, e as relações que se estabelecem com as práticas cotidianas, nem sempre favoráveis à permanência da qualidade ambiental prometida.The cities have for a long time tried to incorporate the notion of aesthetic, functional balance, and psychological resultant of the presence of the nature in its diverse forms. The public spaces have their basic role in the conformation of the city and its qualification. The urban planning, urban design, and the appropriation of these spaces are conditions to achieve ambience, conviviality, and sense of place. In this way, the project of the city, and consequently, of the public spaces, must concern the ambient and social aspects, focused as a process, as it creates and is created, continuously. This paper analysis the design of the city of Maringá, State of Paraná, focusing its planned landscape, widelydivulged, and the relations established with the practices of everyday life, not always favorable to the permanence of the promised environmental quality.

  8. RESEARCH ON RESPONDING OF URBAN PLANNING TO THE CONVERSION OF TRADITIONAL RESOURCE-BASED CITIES——TAKE BAISHAN CITY AS AN EXAMPLE%传统资源型城市转型的城市规划响应研究——以白山市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张石磊; 冯章献; 王士君

    2011-01-01

    The special development ways of resource-based cities cause a series of problems, such as industrial development problems, landscape-ecology problems,poverty problems,spatial problems,dualistic structure problems,land use problems,relationship between government and enterprises problems,relationship between regions problems,and so on. To resolve those problems need the synthesized responding of urban planning. It contains urban planning guidance, planning system and carrying out of planning. It also comes out as optimize of planning content,adjusting of planning system and improvement on carrying out of planning. The coordination and comprehensive integration of tatutory planning and unstatutable planning, especially the statutory planning such as General Planning,Detailed planning,Regional Planning,Landscape Planning,Spatial Planning, Brown-field Planning,Industrial Planning,Urban Renewal Planning.. As a traditional Resource-based city, Baishan city has the universal problems. It gets some favourable experience on responding of urban planning to the problems during the conversion period, especially on guidance and content of urban planning.%资源型城市特定的发展脉络决定了其转型期面临产业发展问题、景观生态问题、贫困问题、空间问题、二元结构问题、土地利用问题、政企协调问题、区域协调问题等突出矛盾.问题的破解需要规划的综合响应,包括城市规划导向、规划体系、规划内容、规划执行等方面.这种响应也体现在规划编制内容的优化,规划体系的调整,规划执行的演进等.特别是总体规划、详细规划,区域规划、景观规划、空间规划、棕地开发规划、产业发展战略规划、城市更新规划等法定规划与非法定规划的协调与综合集成.白山市作为典型的资源枯竭型城市,转型问题突出,其城市规划实践在导向与内容上针对转型期问题和需求具有良好的响应,值得借鉴.

  9. KUNMING: The City of Spring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Kunming is the political, economic and cultural center of Yunnan province and the most popular center for tourism in Southwest China. Kunming enjoys a pleasant climate and does its best to live up to its title of "the City of Spring". Whenever you are planning to go, the temperature is always pleasant. With its convenient transport links in and out of the city, Kunming welcomes tens of thousands of tourists every day.

  10. 北美城市规划决策对我国城市建设的启示——以加拿大城市和土地使用规划决策听证为视角%Enlightenment of City Planning Decision Making in North America to the Construction of Chinese Cities:From Perspective of Decision-Making Hearing over City and Land Use Planning in Canada

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓玲; 史海涛

    2011-01-01

    City planning and management in foreign countries tend to pay more attention to social involvement and participation of all the people and the carrying out of the plan is supervised by all the people,which is guaranteed by legislation and the establishment of supervisory institutions.In Canada,public involvement in administrative decision-making hearing is widely applied in public management affairs so as to obtain information from experts and the public.This practice is by all means a great enlightenment to the city and land use planning in China.Although it is impossible for China to follow all the ways taken by legally well-developed countries,it is very necessary for us to increase legislative stipulations and management measures to guarantee public rights.%国外城市规划管理一般都比较注重社会参与和全民参与,并通过立法和机构设置保障全民监督的实施。加拿大行政决策公众参与听证被广泛用于公共管理事务以获取来自专家和公众的信息,对我国城市和土地使用规划不无启示。我国不可能完全模仿法制成熟国家的做法,但增加一些公众权利保障的立法规定和管理措施是非常必要的。

  11. Sinking Coastal Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erkens, G.; Stuurman, R.; De Lange, G.; Bucx, T.; Lambert, J.

    2014-12-01

    In many coastal cities land subsidence now exceeds absolute sea level rise up to a factor of ten. Without action, parts of Jakarta, Ho Chi Minh City, Bangkok and numerous other coastal cities will continue to sink, even below sea level. The ever increasing industrial and domestic demand for water in these cities results in excessive groundwater extraction, causing severe subsidence. In addition, coastal cities are often faced with larger natural subsidence, as they are built on thick sequences of soft soil. The impacts of subsidence are further exacerbated by climate-induced sea level rise. Land subsidence results in two types damage: foremost it increases flood vulnerability (frequency, inundation depth and duration of floods), with floods causing major economic damage and loss of lives. Secondly, differential land movement causes significant economic losses in the form of structural damage and high maintenance costs of roads and transportation networks, sewage systems, buildings and foundations. The total damage worldwide is estimated at billions of dollars annually. To survey the extent of groundwater associated subsidence, we conducted a quick-assessment of subsidence in a series of mega-cities (Jakarta, Ho Chi Minh City, Dhaka, New Orleans and Bangkok). For each city research questions included: what are the main causes, how much is the current subsidence rate and what are predictions, where are the vulnerable areas, what are the impacts and risks, how can adverse impacts can be mitigated or compensated for, and what governmental bodies are involved and responsible to act? Using the assessment, this paper discusses subsidence modelling and measurement results from the selected cities. The focus is on the importance of delayed settlement after increases in hydraulic heads, the role of the subsurface composition for subsidence rates and best practice solutions for subsiding cities. For the latter, urban (ground)water management, adaptive flood risk management

  12. Designing the Creative City. Using Elements of History and Future for Shaping the Urban Form

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the characteristics of creative city planning. This certain form of urban planning emerged in the realm of the debate about the 'creative class' and the 'creative city'. Based on two sociological case studies that I conducted in the cities of Dublin (Ireland) and Gothenburg (Sweden) I show that creative city planning comprises three characteristic elements: an understanding of creativity as people's capacity to generate innovation, the conceptualization of creative cities ...

  13. Technology Application and Idea of Low Carbon Urban-rural Planning in Mega Cities%特大城市"低碳"城乡规划的思路与技术应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何梅; 汪云; 潘聪

    2011-01-01

    High density population and high speed urban development entails “high carbon” threshold in big cities. Urban planning in metropolis should incorporate low carbon concept and establishes low carbon spatial layout with technical support. The plan of Wuhan metropolitan area uses permeation theory, CA model, carbon-oxygen balance analysis, GIS land use suitability analysis, provides a reference for low carbon planning theory and practice.%高度聚集的城镇人口、高速发展的城市建设和急剧拓展的城镇空间使特大城市在发展过程中面临"高碳"瓶颈.特大城市的城乡规划亟待充分融入低碳理念,以"低碳"城乡规划构建"低碳"城市空间发展格局,并辅以相应的"低碳"技术方法作为支撑.武汉都市发展区的"低碳"城乡规划采用了逾渗理论、CA模型、碳氧平衡分析、GIS用地适宜性分析等相关技术方法,为"低碳"城乡规划理论研究与实践提供了思路与方法.

  14. Exploring the Electronic Government Affairs System Construction:Approval of Planning Online by Zengcheng City%浅述电子政务系统建设——以增城市“规划在线”为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单湛波; 何伟豪

    2012-01-01

    To promote the informatization construction of city planning development idea and the construction of urban rural and urban planning management information platform for the general goal of innovation system, under the guidance of GIS technology, the relationship between the database technology, computer and network technology, information technology into the planning management aims to set up an Internet based realize electronic approval, the information by network platform.%在以信息化建设推动城市规划发展的理念和建设增城市城乡规划管理信息化平台创新体系的总体目标指导下,将GIS技术、关系数据库技术、计算机及网络技术等信息技术引入规划管理,旨在建立一个基于互联网的实现电子报批、信息发布等的网络工作平台.

  15. Smart cities of the future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batty, M.; Axhausen, K. W.; Giannotti, F.; Pozdnoukhov, A.; Bazzani, A.; Wachowicz, M.; Ouzounis, G.; Portugali, Y.

    2012-11-01

    Here we sketch the rudiments of what constitutes a smart city which we define as a city in which ICT is merged with traditional infrastructures, coordinated and integrated using new digital technologies. We first sketch our vision defining seven goals which concern: developing a new understanding of urban problems; effective and feasible ways to coordinate urban technologies; models and methods for using urban data across spatial and temporal scales; developing new technologies for communication and dissemination; developing new forms of urban governance and organisation; defining critical problems relating to cities, transport, and energy; and identifying risk, uncertainty, and hazards in the smart city. To this, we add six research challenges: to relate the infrastructure of smart cities to their operational functioning and planning through management, control and optimisation; to explore the notion of the city as a laboratory for innovation; to provide portfolios of urban simulation which inform future designs; to develop technologies that ensure equity, fairness and realise a better quality of city life; to develop technologies that ensure informed participation and create shared knowledge for democratic city governance; and to ensure greater and more effective mobility and access to opportunities for urban populations. We begin by defining the state of the art, explaining the science of smart cities. We define six scenarios based on new cities badging themselves as smart, older cities regenerating themselves as smart, the development of science parks, tech cities, and technopoles focused on high technologies, the development of urban services using contemporary ICT, the use of ICT to develop new urban intelligence functions, and the development of online and mobile forms of participation. Seven project areas are then proposed: Integrated Databases for the Smart City, Sensing, Networking and the Impact of New Social Media, Modelling Network Performance

  16. Application of spatial analysis technology to the planning of access to oral health care for at-risk populations in Australian capital cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almado, Haidar; Kruger, Estie; Tennant, Marc

    2015-01-01

    Australians are one of the healthiest populations in the world but there is strong evidence that health inequalities exist. Australia has 23.1 million people spread very unevenly over -20 million square kilometres. This study aimed to apply spatial analysis tools to measure the spatial distribution of fixed adult public dental clinics in the eight metropolitan capital cities of Australia. All population data for metropolitan areas of the eight capital cities were integrated with socioeconomic data and health-service locations, using Geographic Information Systems, and then analysed. The adult population was divided into three subgroups according to age, consisting of 15-year-olds and over (n = 7.2 million), retirees 65 years and over (n = 1.2 million), and the elderly, who were 85 years and over (n = 0.15 million). It was evident that the States fell into two groups; Tasmania, Northern Territory, Australian Capital Territory and Western Australia in one cluster, and Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland and South Australia in the other. In the first group, the average proportion of the population of low socioeconomic status living in metropolitan areas within 2.5 km of a government dental clinic is 13%, while for the other cluster, it is 42%. The clustering remains true at 5 km from the clinics. The first cluster finds that almost half (46%) of the poorest 30% of the population live within 5km of a government dental clinic. The other cluster of States finds nearly double that proportion (86%). The results from this study indicated that access distances to government dental services differ substantially in metropolitan areas of the major Australian capital cities.

  17. City Streets

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This data set contains roadway centerlines for city streets found on the USGS 1:24,000 mapping series. In some areas, these roadways are current through the 2000...

  18. Planning of Communities Gardens in Morden Cities%浅谈现代城市居住区园林规划设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亚; 王钟; 芮红; 方伟讯

    2011-01-01

    园林规划设计是根据经济条件和艺术法则的指导,将待建园林的目的实现于图纸的创作过程。现就工作中所取得的经验进行综述,包括园林规划设计的原则、园林景观的功能以及园林建设中的不足,为居住区园林规划设计提供理论基础。%Gardens planning is a creative process of changing gardens into chart according to guidance of econo my condition and art rule. The regularity, function and disadvantage of gardens planning were reviewed to pro vide the theoretical basis for communities gardens planning.

  19. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herbelin, Bruno; Lasserre, Sebastien; Ciger, Jan

    2008-01-01

    Flying Cities is an artistic installation which generates imaginary cities from the speech of its visitors. Thanks to an original interactive process analyzing people's vocal input to create 3D graphics, a tangible correspondence between speech and visuals opens new possibilities of interaction. ...... and a potential application. We believe that it could become a new medium for creativity, and a way to visually perceive a vocal performance in the context of the rehabilitation of people with reduced mobility or language impairments....

  20. 论绥德城市历史文化资源的可持续性保护利用规划%The study for sustainable protection and utilization planning of historical and cultural resources in Suide city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李巧君

    2011-01-01

    Aim To propose a solution on the problem of the sustainable protection and utilization of historical and cultural resources in Suide City. Methods Literature review and field investigation. Results Lots of historical and cultural resources have been reserved in Suide City, but it can not be negelected that certain natural or the human factors cause ruin to those resources. In order to integrate these resources and realize the sustainable development,policies must be established in terms of overall planning, comprehensive protection and sustainable development;and the principle of protection and wtilization showld be strengthened. Conclusion Susainable development and utilization is the key to the utilization of the historical and cultural resources in Suide City.%目的 为加强绥德城市历史文化资源的可持续保护利用提供科学依据.方法 查阅文献与实地调查相结合.结果 绥德保存了大量的历史文化资源,但这些资源目前仍存在着自然或人为的破坏等.要整合这些资源,使其得以可持续性保护利用,就需要从统筹规划、整体保护、持续发展方面制定原则,同时,还要注意提升保护利用的理念等.结论 可持续性保护利用是保护绥德城市历史文化资源的关键.

  1. CityGML - Interoperable semantic 3D city models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gröger, Gerhard; Plümer, Lutz

    2012-07-01

    CityGML is the international standard of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) for the representation and exchange of 3D city models. It defines the three-dimensional geometry, topology, semantics and appearance of the most relevant topographic objects in urban or regional contexts. These definitions are provided in different, well-defined Levels-of-Detail (multiresolution model). The focus of CityGML is on the semantical aspects of 3D city models, its structures, taxonomies and aggregations, allowing users to employ virtual 3D city models for advanced analysis and visualization tasks in a variety of application domains such as urban planning, indoor/outdoor pedestrian navigation, environmental simulations, cultural heritage, or facility management. This is in contrast to purely geometrical/graphical models such as KML, VRML, or X3D, which do not provide sufficient semantics. CityGML is based on the Geography Markup Language (GML), which provides a standardized geometry model. Due to this model and its well-defined semantics and structures, CityGML facilitates interoperable data exchange in the context of geo web services and spatial data infrastructures. Since its standardization in 2008, CityGML has become used on a worldwide scale: tools from notable companies in the geospatial field provide CityGML interfaces. Many applications and projects use this standard. CityGML is also having a strong impact on science: numerous approaches use CityGML, particularly its semantics, for disaster management, emergency responses, or energy-related applications as well as for visualizations, or they contribute to CityGML, improving its consistency and validity, or use CityGML, particularly its different Levels-of-Detail, as a source or target for generalizations. This paper gives an overview of CityGML, its underlying concepts, its Levels-of-Detail, how to extend it, its applications, its likely future development, and the role it plays in scientific research. Furthermore, its

  2. 基于可持续发展的节约型城市规划设计%The Economical City Planning and Design on the Basis of Sustainable Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王先成

    2014-01-01

    As for Chinese resource shortage phenomenon, building conservation minded cities are Chinese current ine-vitable trends, which are important ways of promoting the implementation of sustainable development goals. From the perspective of sustainable development, this article discusses the planning and design of urban energy-saving ideas and strategies.%对于我国资源紧缺的现象,建设节约型城市是我国当前的必然趋势,是贯彻落实可持续发展目标的重要途径。本文从可持续发展的角度出发,探讨了规划设计节约型城市的思路和策略。

  3. 浅析后现代城市主义在天津城市规划中的几点体现%Analysis of Points of Post Modern Urbanism in Tianjin City Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩冰; 唐潭

    2014-01-01

    后现代城市主义在天津市的的规划发展中产生了重要的影响。笔者提取了文脉主义和公众参与两个分支作为研究对象,分析了后现代城市主义所带来的利弊。通过对具体案例的剖析,揭示了后现代城市主义的重要借鉴意义。%The postmodern urbanism has produced an impor- tant influence on the development of Tianjin city planning. The author extracted the contextualism and two branch of public participation in as the research object, analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of modern urbanism. Through the analysis of specific cases, reveals the important significance of post- modern urbanism.

  4. Un Plan Regulador para Cartagena, una ciudad de la costa central de Chile: una visión de futuro en 1976. / A master plan for Cartagena, a city on the central coast of Chile: a vision in 1976

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavez Reyes,María Isabel

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta la reseña de un proyecto de planificación urbana, conforme a la escuela desarrollada por la FAU de la Universidad de Chile, durante la etapa madura del Estado Planificador Urbano-Regional chileno. / It provides an overview of an urban planning project, developed under the FAU School of the University of Chile, during the mature stage of the Urban-Regional Planning State of Chile.

  5. Ideas of Utilization of City Water Recycling and Planning of Water Supply and Drainage%城市水资源循环利用和给排水规划体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭广田

    2014-01-01

    中共中央提出了“建设资源节约型、环境友好型社会”的号召。本文通过城市水资源循环利用和给排水规划意义及现状、水循环利用及给排水规划的体会,提出了一些水资源循环利用的理念和措施,希望可以用于城市建设发展。%The CPC Central Commit ee put forward the“buil-ding a resource-saving, environment-friendly society” appeal. In this paper, through the significance and the status of the uti-lization of city water recycling and water supply planning and the author’s ideas of the issues, puts forward some concepts and measures of water resource recycling, hoping they can be used for city construction and development.

  6. Creative cities as built places of the knowledge society

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Recent city planning and urban sociology widely discuss the emergence of what city planners, academics, and journalists call the creative city (cf. Florida 2005; Landry 2000). In the context of this much debated concept, empirical research is needed to analyse its implications for the city, understood as (built) place of the social, and for the overall structure of society. So far, studies have focussed mostly either on the impact of cultural developments on cities (cf. e.g. Jayne 2004; Liep ...

  7. 功能联系视角下珠三角扩容的规划探索%Expansive Planning of the Pearl River Delta City-region Based on Functional Linkages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵渺希; 周璇; 黎智枫

    2015-01-01

    新型城镇化进程中,合理、有序地引导城市群扩容已经日益成为重要的规划议题。基于相关文献,研究归纳了功能联系视角下城市群空间网络的主要特征。首先,城市联系的绝对强度是界定城市群的重要依据;其次,相对于外部的城市联系,城市群内部的功能联系分配应占有明显优势的相对比例;再次,城市群内部网络应以多向联系为主,而非指向单一的中心城市。在这一原则下,以广东新型城镇化战略的区域空间结构为目标,从联系强度、网络群集性、空间邻近性等指标进行综合判别,实现了对清远、河源、阳江、汕尾和云浮5个潜在扩容对象城市的优选比较,提出了珠三角城市群近期扩容的优选对象,在此基础上,结合定性比较的方式对广东区域空间结构的长远发展提出了规划展望。%In the process of new-type urbanization , conducting the mega-city region to expand more rationally and orderly has become an increasingly significant topic of urban planning .Based on the related reverences , this study summarizes the main characteristics of the urban agglomeration spatial network under the contact angle of the function linkage:first, the absolute strength of the internal link between cities is defining the important basis of city region;Second , relative to the outside of the city link , the internal function link of the urban agglomeration contact ratio distribution should possess obvious advantages; Again, urban agglomeration should be given priority to with multidirectional contact internal network , rather than to one single city at the center of the region .This research try to propose the prior cities in the recent expansion of Pearl River Delta region and the spatial structure vision in Guangdong for a long term under the perspective of function linkages , which based on the comparison among the five potential cities in network strength

  8. Administration in Nursing, 1982-1992: Regional Planning for the Coming Decade. Midwest Alliance in Nursing Fall Workshop (Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, September 22-24, 1982).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minckley, Barbara B., Ed.

    Focusing on issues affecting the development of nursing leadership in the Midwest, the papers in these proceedings attempt to move forward the implementation of an effective program for enhancing skills needed by nurse administrators. The proceedings contain: (1) "Regional Plan for Development of Nursing Leadership Potential 1982-92," by Rozella…

  9. Climate Change Management Approaches of Cities: A Comparative Study Between Globally Leading and Turkish Metropolitan Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solmaz Filiz Karabag

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Many studies have focused on climate change policies and action at the national level, but few have studied policies and action at the city level, especially cities in emerging economies. To address this gap, the present study analyzes the management strategies globally leading cities have developed to address climate change and related issues and compares them with the city strategies of one rapidly urbanizing emerging economy, Turkey. In the analysis, the strategic plans of five leading global cities are compared with those of sixteen Turkish cities. While the leading global cities have specific managerial approaches to mitigate climate change, none of the Turkish cities exhibits any comprehensive approach. Furthermore, while leading global cities modify urban services to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG emissions, few Turkish cities adjust any services to address this challenge. Some Turkish cities propose an increased use of renewable energy sources and modification in their transportation system, but the focus in these plans is the current daily needs of their inhabitants. The findings of this study suggest several climate change strategies both for Turkish cities and cities in other developing countries.

  10. Effective Implementation of Urban Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xun-guo

    2002-01-01

    We analyze the factors that affect the efficiency and function of city planning in practical implementation,especially those of detailed planning. Two key principles and three strategies for plan to reach effective implementation are discussed so that the inflexibility and non- effectiveness of plans can be lessened.

  11. 贵阳市花果园新城交通规划分析及启示%New Huaguoyuan city traffic planning analysis and enlightenment of Guiyang city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨钧月

    2016-01-01

    The paper introduces Huaguoyuan features of Guiyang,starting from aspects of road grading structure,TOD mode and people-car dis-tribution system,the thesis describes the traffic mode of Huaguoyuan,and analyzes problems existing in Huaguoyuan traffic system,and finally obtains some traffic planning enlightenment.%介绍了贵阳市花果园的特点,从道路分级结构、TOD 模式、人车分流系统三个角度,阐述了花果园的交通模式,并分析了花果园交通体系中存在的问题,得到了一些交通规划启示。

  12. Managing Air in Olympic Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qing W. Tian

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The 21st century Olympic Agenda aims to align itself with the concept of sustainable development and has driven improved environmental quality in host cities, such as the Green Games in Sydney 2000 and the planned Beijing 2008 Games and in London 2012 as the Low Carbon Games. Air quality has long been a concern of Olympic mega-cities, although the air quality plans and strategies have often seemed short-lived and unsustainable in the long term. We have explored air quality data and air pollution control from seven Olympic cities: Mexico City, Los Angeles, Atlanta, Sydney and Athens and also Beijing and London which will host Olympic Games in near future. The study shows that despite a high altitude and air pollution problems, Mexico City had no clear environmental policy in place for the 1968 games. The characteristic smog of Los Angeles raised concerns about athletic performance at the Olympic Games of 1984, but there were limited efforts to tackle the ozone concentration during these games. The 1996 Atlanta Games represents a case where temporary public transport changes were used as a tactic to reduce air pollution. In Sydney a well planned sustainable strategy reduced air pollutants and CO2 emissions in 2000, but Athens' long efforts to improve air quality for the 2004 games were not wholly effective. Even where strategies proved successful the improvements in air quality seem short-lived. Current host cities Beijing and London are developing emission reduction plans. These have clear air quality objectives and are well intentioned. However, the improvements may be too narrow and may not be sustainable in the long term. Our analysis looks at the origins of success and failure and how more coherent improvements might be achieved and what would promote sustainable plans for air quality management at future games. The study illustrates the feedback between air pollution science and policy awareness.

  13. Discussion on Planning and Design of Road Landscape in City Transportation——Taking Donghu Road, Xi'an City as an Example%城市交通道路景观规划设计初探——以西安市东湖路为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱媛园; 梁艳; 宋泽海; 翟安宁

    2012-01-01

    The Donghu Road green belt along the city moat in Xi' an is planned according to the landscape e-cology and the grand city landscape theory. The ecological recovering design is made by reorganizing and u-sing its original ecology,built landscape and water body resources, and in accordance with the sustainable development and human recreation patterns. Artificial plant groups are scientifically set up and graceful landscape is created. It is built into a picturesque ecological landscape corridor with Xi'an city features and special scenes. The design emphasizes the co-existence of human and the nature,the balance of the diversity, appreciation and economic quality of ecological planting,and blind seeking for fashion is abandoned.%本文按照景观生态学和城市大园林理论,通过对西安市东湖路设计具体案例的解析,对其原有生态、已建成景观、特别是水体资源进行有益的发掘和积极的组织利用,按照可持续发展原则进行生态恢复性设计,建立科学的人工植物群落,将其建设成为富有诗情画意、具有西安城区特色和独特风光的生态景观走廊.总结出城市道路景观应考虑人与自然合理共生,强调生态种植应综合平衡多样性、观赏性与经济性,避免盲目追求新潮.

  14. Ciudad Inteligente (Smart City), Gandía. Propuestas para un plan de actuación en el sector turístico

    OpenAIRE

    AVELLANA DOMENECH, EVA

    2015-01-01

    El concepto de ciudad inteligente todavía no es muy conocido, nació en la década de los 90, pero hoy en día acoge más importancia gracias a los rápidos avances tecnológicos. Mediante este estudio exploratorio se pretende avanzar un paso más hacia lo que supone convertir la ciudad de Gandía en una ciudad inteligente o, como es más conocido, en smart city dentro del sector turístico. Después de haber estudiado a fondo el concepto, la situación turística actual de Gandía, las v...

  15. The Power of Micro Urban Structures, Theory of EEPGC - the Micro Urban Energy Distribution Model as a Planning Tool for Sustainable City Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tkáč, Štefan

    2015-11-01

    To achieve the smart growth and equitable development in the region, urban planners should consider also lateral energies represented by the energy urban models like further proposed EEPGC focused on energy distribution via connections among micro-urban structures, their onsite renewable resources and the perception of micro-urban structures as decentralized energy carriers based on pre industrialized era. These structures are still variously bound when part of greater patterns. After the industrial revolution the main traded goods became energy in its various forms. The EEPGC is focused on sustainable energy transportation distances between the villages and the city, described by the virtual "energy circles". This more human scale urbanization, boost the economy in micro-urban areas, rising along with clean energy available in situ that surely gives a different perspective to human quality of life in contrast to overcrowded multicultural mega-urban structures facing generations of problems and struggling to survive as a whole.

  16. The Power of Micro Urban Structures, Theory of EEPGC - the Micro Urban Energy Distribution Model as a Planning Tool for Sustainable City Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tkáč Štefan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available To achieve the smart growth and equitable development in the region, urban planners should consider also lateral energies represented by the energy urban models like further proposed EEPGC focused on energy distribution via connections among micro-urban structures, their onsite renewable resources and the perception of micro-urban structures as decentralized energy carriers based on pre industrialized era. These structures are still variously bound when part of greater patterns. After the industrial revolution the main traded goods became energy in its various forms. The EEPGC is focused on sustainable energy transportation distances between the villages and the city, described by the virtual “energy circles”. This more human scale urbanization, boost the economy in micro-urban areas, rising along with clean energy available in situ that surely gives a different perspective to human quality of life in contrast to overcrowded multicultural mega-urban structures facing generations of problems and struggling to survive as a whole.

  17. Action planning for healthy cities: the role of multi-criteria analysis, developed in Italy and France, for assessing health performances in land-use plans and urban development projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capolongo, Stefano; Lemaire, Nina; Oppio, Alessandra; Buffoli, Maddalena; Roue Le Gall, Anne

    2016-01-01

    In the last decades a growing attention has been paid to the relationship between urban planning and public health. The introduction of the social model of health has stressed the importance of the determinants of health such as socioeconomic, cultural, and environmental conditions, in addition to living and working conditions. Starting from the assumption that urban planning plays a crucial role for enhancing healthy lifestyles and environments, the paper describes two different approaches to include health issues into land use plans and urban development projects. Two different evaluation tools, defined according to the Italian and French legal framework, have been compared in order to find out whether they could be considered as an innovative answer to the instance of creating a more effective cross field of work and training among urban planners and public health professionals.

  18. Beliefs about the use of nonprescribed antibiotics among people in Yogyakarta City, Indonesia: a qualitative study based on the theory of planned behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widayati, Aris; Suryawati, Sri; de Crespigny, Charlotte; Hiller, Janet E

    2015-03-01

    Although antibiotics are prescription-only medicine in Indonesia, they can be purchased without prescription. This qualitative study elicited beliefs about nonprescribed antibiotics use informed by the theory of planned behavior to develop a questionnaire for an expanded theory of planned behavior survey. Twenty-five (N = 25) adults with experience of using nonprescribed antibiotics were interviewed. Content analysis was applied. Participants reported that the use of nonprescribed antibiotics was advantageous in term of saving time and money and of reducing the number of medicines that need to be purchased, in contrast to a perception of what occurs with medical prescriptions. Potential adverse effects, poor health outcomes, and antimicrobial resistance were the perceived disadvantages. Facilitators of such use were the availability of over-the-counter antibiotics and successful experience in using antibiotics. Medication for children was the perceived barrier to such use. Family members and friends, especially those with health education background, approved of such use.

  19. Tourism Image Planning and Transmission of Jinzhong City%晋中市旅游形象策划与传播

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳慧霞

    2014-01-01

    Jinzhong is rich in tourism resources,however,its tourism industry is relatively lagging behind. The paper proposes an overall planning for Jinzhong tourism image,and makes applicable proposals for tourism image transmission.%晋中市旅游资源丰富,但旅游业发展相对滞后,针对晋中市旅游形象做了整体策划,并提出可行性传播意见。

  20. Ecological Drainage Construction Plan of Guantang New Town of Zhenjiang City%镇江市官塘新城生态排水建设规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨森; 赵江

    2013-01-01

    The ecological drainage construction plan idea was proposed to coordinate the Guantang new town planning with low-carbon,ecology,wisdom and livable environment concepts.This plan adopted foreign mature experience of low-impact development and flood risk assessment techniques.The Guantang new town drainage works were arranged with considering rainwater utilization,pollutant source control,urban green corridor,extraordinary flood discharge channels and optimization of urban land use.The ecological drainage construction plan and the guidelines for the design,construction,maintenance and management were compiled to provide technical and operational management basis for implementation of the ecological concept in the construction process.%为配合“低碳、生态、智慧、宜居”的官塘新城总体规划,提出了生态排水建设的规划思路.该规划采用国外成熟的低影响开发经验和洪水风险评估技术,综合考虑雨水利用、污染物源头控制、城市绿色廊道、超标准洪水泄流途径以及城市用地优化,提出了官塘新城水系和生态排水工程布置方案.同时,编制了生态排水建设规划以及配合实施的设计、施工、维护和管理指南,为生态理念在建设过程中的实施提供了可操作的技术和管理依据.

  1. Urban green areas as the starting point for planning hydroelectric and urban developments: The case of the Sava River in the City of Ljubljana

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    The article deals with the landscape and urbanistic layout of the Sava River space and North part of the Bežigrad stretch of Ljubljana. Focus is on methodological and content starting points for the layout preparation and development of urban green areas of the wider Sava River space, which as a connecting link and simultaneously independent spatial and functional entity represents the starting point for planning hydro-energetic and urban arrangements. The necessity of recognising and resolvi...

  2. An Integrated Plan to Sustainably Enable the City of Riohacha (Colombia to Cope with Increasing Urban Flooding, while Improving Its Environmental Setting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Nardini

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the emblematic situation of a Colombian coastal town seriously threatened by flooding and presents the whole process undertaken to elaborate an integrated action plan to cope with this problem, while improving the natural and built environment. Such a plan is a product of a project, winner of a National Colombian call for climate change initiatives, which included a thorough modeling process based on the MODCEL urban flood model, an articulated participatory process including a specific structured inquiry mainly aiming at providing data suited for model calibration, a creative phase to propose candidate alternative solutions and a quite integrated evaluation exercise which supported the transparent choice of the most sustainable plan alternative. The approach and the experience can be valuable for many other cases in Colombia and around the world, particularly in developing or emerging countries where data are scarce. The added value of this paper lies in showing a whole, integrated process, well articulated, where all pieces are indispensable but simple enough to be replicated in many cases. It merges the fundamental participatory component with an equally fundamental technical-scientific component of characterization, modeling and integrated evaluation. The multiple steps of the process are illustrated with sufficient detail to allow the reader to grasp what was actually done and why, providing a practical guide for other cases.

  3. City Electric Vehicle Charging Facilities Layout Planning and Analysis%城市电动汽车充电设施布局规划探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张立永

    2014-01-01

    In order to promote the development of urban electric vehicles, accurately identify the factors affecting urban electric vehicle charging facility layout planning, according to the actual needs of the charging station charging, rational planning of urban electric vehicle charging facilities. Detailed analysis of the main factors affecting the urban electric vehicle charging station facility layout planning of the layout of urban electric vehicle charging facilities for reference.%为了推动城市电动汽车的发展,准确找出影响城市电动汽车充电设施布局规划的因素,根据充电站的实际充电需求,合理规划城市电动汽车的充电设施。具体分析了影响城市电动汽车充电站设施布局的主要因素,探析了城市电动汽车充电设施的布局规划,以供参考。

  4. The Research on Landscape Planning and Design of City-railway in the Pearl River Delta%珠三角城际轨道交通景观规划设计研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范杰

    2015-01-01

    The railway is an important linear landscape. This paper provides new connotation of the railway landscape from the perspective of landscape subject at the present stage, and points out the problems existing in the traditional railway landscape design mode. By combining the practice of Landscape Planning and Design of City-railway in the Pearl River Delta, we studied related theories and put forward the strategies of landscape planning and design focusing on macro, meso and micro level, providing a reference for future projects.%铁路是一种重要的线性景观。本文提出现阶段景观学科视角下铁路景观的新内涵,指出我国传统铁路景观设计模式中存在的问题。通过结合珠三角城际轨道交通景观规划设计项目实践,本文对相关理论进行了研究,并分别从宏观、中观、微观三个层面提出该项目的规划设计策略,旨在为今后的铁路景观规划设计项目提供参考。

  5. The Planning and Design of Baohu Lake National Urban Wetland Park in Yinchuan City%银川市宝湖国家级城市湿地公园规划设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿慧娴; 马冬梅; 贺生云; 马彩云

    2012-01-01

    探讨了宁夏银川市宝湖国家级城市湿地公园的规划设计.从对宝湖现状及其周边环境的分析出发,以再现自然风貌,彰显地方特色为理念,将宝湖规划设计为集休闲健身、游玩观赏、湿地科普知识宣传为一体的城市湿地公园,并对宝湖的水资源保护和管理机制进行了分析,以期为同类湿地公园的规划设计提供经验借鉴.%In this paper, the planning and design of Baohu Lake National Urban Wetland Park in Yinchuan City were discussed. Based on the investigation and analysis of current situation and it's surrounding environment, Baohu Lake will be developed as a urban wetland park integrating multiple functions of recreation, fitness, tourism, entertainment and science education, to reflect its natural landscapes and unique localized characteristics. An analysis of water resource conservation and management mechanism of Baohu Lake were also made, intending to provide an example for planning and design of other similar urban wetland parks.

  6. Cyclists as part of the city's organism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Freudendal-Pedersen, Malene

    2015-01-01

    This article examines Copenhagen cyclists' emotional and “rational” stories about cycling in the city. Copenhagen is branded as a city of cyclists; nevertheless, the car still plays a dominant role in both policy and planning and thus everyday life. This shapes cyclists' stories as well as their ...

  7. Rotterdam: Dynamic Polder City = Land + Water + Culture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hooimeijer, F.L.

    2010-01-01

    The planning culture in the Netherlands is based on the experience of building cities on very wet and soft soils. The design of Dutch polder cities was from early on a balance between land and water: building site preparation. The relation between technological development and urban development can

  8. City Branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frimann, Søren; Stigel, Jørgen

    2006-01-01

    Succesful corporate branding requires that questions related to communication, publicity, and organizational structures are adressed. An uncritical adoption of approaches known from tradition product branding will inevitable give problems as the properties of tangible commodities and services......, problems seem to multiply in what has becom known as city branding. This analysis of the communicational aspects of two Danish provincial towns´ branding efforts examines both their internally and externally directed communication. It demonstrates that an insufficient understanding of - or willingness...... to face - these differences will inevitably hamper such branding efforts because of the consequential inconsistencies. Finally, paths to more effective city branding are indicated...

  9. 都市区化背景下特大城市近郊次区域规划探索——以南京为例%Study on Sub-Regional Planning for Mega-City Periphery in the Background of Metropotitanizalion: Nanjing Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李阿萌; 张京祥

    2011-01-01

    随着我国城市化的加速发展和城市的迅速扩展,都市区化已成为我国沿海地区特大城市发展的新主题,特大城市空间结构向多中心演变,由此在原主城区的外围形成了一些承载中心城区功能外溢的次区域.然而,我国既有的法定规划体系中没有次区域规划层面的规定,导致法定规划层面的巨大落差和规划衔接的困难.鉴于此,有必要在特大城市中增加次区域规划这一中观层次规划,充分发挥次区域规划承上启下的作用:在中心城区,由相当于次区域规划层级的中心城区规划指导下一层次的分区规划;在城市近郊,由次区域规划指导分区规划或卫星城、卫星镇(新城、新市镇)等的城市总体规划.%Metropotitanization is a new trend of Chinese mega cities as urbanization moves on. As mega cities evolve toward a multi-nucleus spatial structure, sub-districts are in formation on urban fringes. Sub-district level planning is yet absent in China's legal planning system. It is necessary to add this intermediate level planning in mega city planning structure as a transitional stage of upper and lower plans. In central city, central district planning, which equates sub-district level planning, pilots lower level planning; in near suburb, subdistrict planning pilots district and satellite city planning.

  10. The Schoolhouse in the City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toffler, Alvin, Ed.

    A conference entitled "The Schoolhouse in the City" was convened at Stanford University, July 10-14, 1967. Sponsored by Stanford's School Planning Laboratory and supported by Educational Facilities Laboratories and the U. S. Office of Education, the conference brought together as speakers leading figures in local, state, and federal government,…

  11. Empirical Research on Creative Planning of Modern Agricultural Park---Taking Dongguan city as an Example%现代农业园区规划创意实证研究--以东莞市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹阳; 柯清标; 段洪洋

    2014-01-01

    通过总结归纳国内、广东省、东莞市各级现代农业园区发展历程、功能定位及特色亮点,认为当前现代农业园区呈现出转型发展的趋势,表现在以多功能为目标,以休闲、观光、体验等功能为重要内容,明显表现出现代性、高科技性、综合效益性以及试验示范性等特征,从而实现差异化、特色化、品牌化发展。在此基础上,以东莞3个现代农业园区规划为例进行实证研究,从发展理念、规划原则、发展思路、功能分区4个层面对园区规划创意进行分析。%This paper summarizes the development history,functions and features of modern agricultural parks in domestic level,Guangdong province and Dongguan city.The paper puts forward that the modern agricultural park presents the trend of transformation development,and takes the multifunction as the goal including leisure,sightseeing,experience,which obviously carries the feature of modern,high-tech,comprehensive benefits and test model,so as to achieve differentia-tion,specialization,and brand development.On this basis,taking the creative planning of 3 agricultural parks in Dong-guan as examples of empirical research,the paper analyzes the park planning ideas from the concept of development,plan-ning principles,development ideas,function partition.

  12. COORDINATION BETWEEN LONG-TERM DEVELOPMENT AND EMERGENCY RECONSTRUCTION: A STUDY ON THE COMPILATION OF MASTER PLAN OF DEYANG CITY%城市长远发展与灾后应急重建之协调——德阳市城市总体规划编制探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张莉; 郭枫

    2011-01-01

    Deyang City is not only the severely damaged area in Wenchuan Earthquake but also the major reconstruction area after the earthquake. The coordination between long-term development and emergency reconstruction is the core issue in the compilation of the Master Plan of Deyang City. Aimed at this issue, the planning team adopts the technical approach of integrating the emergency reconstruction with long-term development planning, urban development with regional development, and master plan of the city with overall urban design. Based on that, the team conducts meaningful explorations on the following aspects of conducting integrated development of Chendu-Deyang-Mianyang Region, building the safety pattern for the city region of Deyang, creating a space of flexible development in Deyang central city, and formulating the planning for the reconstruction period.%德阳市是“5·12”汶川特大地震的重灾区,也是灾后恢复重建的重点地区.如何协调城市长远发展与应急重建的关系,是德阳市城市总体规划编制的核心问题.围绕这一主题,项目组设计了灾后重建与发展规划相结合、区域发展与城市发展相结合、城市总体规划与总体城市设计相结合的技术路线,在成德绵区域一体化发展、构筑市域安全发展格局、打造城市弹性发展空间、重建期建设规划等几个方面进行了有意义的探索.

  13. Reflections on Urban Green Space Planning in Mountain City%山地城市绿色空间规划思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶林; 邢忠; 颜文涛

    2014-01-01

    绿色空间是山地城市区域内非建设用地系统中的核心部分,是维护山地区域生态安全和支撑城乡持续发展的本底。由于山地环境的脆弱性和复杂性,快速城镇化建设对绿色空间的干扰远大于平地,通常的规划思路显现出诸多不适应山地环境之处。笔者借鉴国内外相关规划实践经验,提出在山地环境下应特别重视多目标导向、多尺度整合、重视环境单元、维护动态过程、协调关联边缘效应、构建控制要素体系等适应性规划思路。%Green spaces are the core part of non-development land in urban area,and ensure mountain area’s ecological security and sustainable development. The disturbance with rapid urbanization to urban green spaces at mountain area far more than flat land,and the usual planning strategies cannot adapt to mountain environment completely. This paper draws lessons from domestic and international relevant plannings,and discuss some adaptable planning strategies: multi-objective orientation,multi-scale integration,protection of environmental unit, maintenance of dynamic process,coordination of edge effect and construction of controlling elements system.

  14. 浅述电子地图的应用——以增城市规划公示电子地图查询系统为例%A Brief Introduction of Electronic Map Applications: Taking Zengcheng City Planning Publicity Electronic Map Query System as a Case Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单湛波; 黄悦

    2012-01-01

    为使市民查询规划公示信息更加方便快捷,基于电子地图建立规划公示电子地图查询网站系统,使公众可以可视化地查询所有各类规划业务及方案的受理、批前和批后公示,并可查询最新的控制性规划导则的相关信息,从而达到对公示规范管理、方便广大市民查询和反馈的意见和建议的目的。%In order to make the inquiry of city planning publicity information faster and more convenient, this paper establishes the city planning announcement electronic map inquiry system, which visualizes the inquiry of all kinds city planning operation, the ac- ceptance and hearing of cases, and the publicity before and after the approval of cases. The system can also be used to query the relat- ed information of the guidelines of the newest controlling planning rule, in order to standardize the management of planning publicity and facilitate the citizen query and feedback.

  15. Sustainable Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Georg, Susse; Garza de Linde, Gabriela Lucía

    /assessment tool. The context for our study is urban regeneration in one Danish city, which had been suffering from industrial decline and which is currently investing in establishing a “sustainable city”. Based on this case study we explore how the insights and inspiration evoked in working with the tool...

  16. Excite City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans; Jensen, Ole B.

    This paper takes its point of departure in the pressure of the experience economy on European cities - a pressure which in recent years has found its expression in a number of comprehensive transformations of the physical and architectural environments, and new eventscapes related to fun and cult...

  17. Vacant city

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marzot, N.

    2013-01-01

    Abandoned places that the crisis has multiplied, unaware wrecks of a project of civilization that has consumed its thrust and life-giving function, are waiting for new desirable interpretations, they are an expression of a possible city in opposition to the existing, even if not recognized by any in

  18. Sin City?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gautier, Pieter A.; Svarer, Michael; Teulings, Coen N.

    2007-01-01

    Is moving to the countryside a credible commitment device for couples? We investigate whether lowering the arrival rate of potential alternative partners by moving to a less populated area lowers the dissolution risk for a sample of Danish couples. We find that of the couples who married in the city

  19. The Nowadays Isfahan! Green space city? Or black highway city?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoud Taghvaei

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract   In between urban land use, green spaces are part of the frameworks of the cities, which we refer to as the animate part of the framework structure of the city, and in correlation with inanimate part of the city; they create the texture and appearance of it. But according to importance of expansion of green space in cities, instead of the development and expansion of these spaces in isfahan which was someday regarded as the model of Islamic garden –town with appropriate green space, the focus in the recent years have been more on the development of framework- residential, commercial, structures and roads, parking lots etc. but among the prior ones and roads have the sixth rank in planning. Therefore, it is clear that the current approach has a one – dimensional theory for planning and using all these users and the relation between these spaces with each other has been almost forgotten. For instance, in the current conditions, many of city planners focus on development of cross over and streets to diminish traffic, but regarding the high demands for travel, volume of automobile arrival, easy automobile buying and owning, the preference of citizens for using personal cars and the gradual increase in urban travels due in appropriate access to urban services, the expansion of streets and changing urban textures in to cross avers and devoting a substantial part of urban budgets to creating roads, highways , autobahns and parking lots, to what extent we can have control over cities , and isn’t it the time take aside the conventional planning for urban lands and do something to solve these problems? If the current process continues, soon in looking downward from the sky to this city, well see a black city with black links connected together, not a green city with green links connected together .so this paper analyzes the irregular increase in roads and crossovers and parking lots with a comparing – analyzing method and in turn

  20. The Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Jensen, Ole B.; Kiib, Hans

    2012-01-01

    findings. The projects are categorised according to their content, structure and urban localisation. In particular the cases are labelled in relation to their strategic and urban planning importance, their social and cultural content and their architectural representation and the programmes they contain...... to relate to the wider international debate and development. In section two we present the main theoretical concepts and framings that will guide the understanding and the analysis of the experience city. In section three we focus on the design of the ‘Danish experience city’ and present the first research...

  1. Visions of the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinder, David

    hopes and dreams of modern urbanism. It also contests current claims about the 'end of utopia', arguing that reconsidering earlier projects can play a critical role in developing utopian perspectives today. Through the study of utopian visions, it aims to rekindle elements of utopianism itself.......Visions of the City is a dramatic account of utopian urbanism in the twentieth century. It explores radical demands for new spaces and ways of living, and considers their effects on planning, architecture and struggles to shape urban landscapes. Such visions, it shows, have played a crucial role...

  2. Discussion on the Central Business District of a City Bus Priority Traffic Planning%城市中心商业区公交优先的交通规划的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘维彬; 祖宇聪

    2013-01-01

    bus priority is a system engineering, it relates to the transformation of city traffic development strategy and system of the existing mechanism of city planning, and the concept of people, and it is not just a bus and taxi in the way of use preference, but the vast majority of people in the priority traffic. The most important is, in the"three factors of human, vehicle, road traffic management", in the limited road conditions to solve the smooth road and vehicle growth problem, we should fol ow the principle of people-oriented, considering that most people travel convenience.%  公交优先是一个系统的工程,它涉及到城市总体规划、城市交通发展战略和现行的体制机制及人们观念的转变,而且它不仅仅是指公交车和出租车在路权使用上的优先,而是指绝大多数人在交通出行方面的优先。最重要的是,在“人、车、路”交通管理的三要素当中,要在有限的道路条件下解决好道路通畅和车辆增长的问题,我们要遵循以人为本的原则,考虑到多数人出行方便的情况。

  3. Study on Traditional Landscape Planning of Mountainous City With Corridors as its Carrier:Landscape Planning of Lijia Area in Chongqing as Case study%以廊道为载体的山地城市传统风貌规划研究——以重庆礼嘉片区风貌规划设计为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李和平; 杨宁

    2012-01-01

    With the development of economic and cultural globalization,more and more attention is paid on the return to regional cityscape.Focusing on the current issues confronted by the cityscape planning such as the lost of the humanity property, the lack of the carrier unitarity,the insufficiency of the guidance,and so on,this paper analyzes the form mechanism of the mountainous cityscape and its practice in cityscape planning,then put forward the idea of landscape planning with corridors as its carrier;meanwhile,taking the landscape planning of Lijia area in Chongqing as an example,explores new approaches to the traditional landscape planning of mountainous cities starting with the construction of the natural and cultural carrier.%随着经济和文化全球化的发展,人们越来越重视城市风貌的地域性回归。针对当前城市风貌规划面临着的人文属性丧失、载体统一性缺乏、引导性不足等问题,通过对山地城市风貌特色形成机制和城市风貌规划实践的分析,提出了以廊道为载体的风貌规划思路;并以重庆礼嘉片区风貌规划设计为例,从自然和人文廊道的构建入手,探索了山地城市传统风貌的规划方法。

  4. 距离测度视角下生态城市规划方案三维评价模型研究%Study on the 3D Evaluation Model of Eco-City Planning under the Distance Measure Perpective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任宏; 杜永杰; 陈永奇; 任鹏宇; 董海峰

    2016-01-01

    In the context of the high‐speed urbanization and requirements on the energy conservation and environmental pro‐tection ,eco‐‐city becomes the priority of urbanization development in China ,and governments of all levels promoted vari‐ous eco‐city planning schemes within a short term ,but most schemes are characterized by randomness and subjectivity .In order to solve the problem w here the eco‐city planning lacks scientific pre‐implementation evaluation and improve the eco‐city construction quality ,this research carries out systematic analysis from three dimensions ,including the eco‐city plan‐ning scheme ,operating mechanism and guarantee measures ,and constructs the 3D evaluation model for the eco‐city plan‐ning through index selection .Schemes are ranked comprehensively with the distance measure method ,and projection anal‐ysis is carried out with the "four‐grid evaluation screen".Finally ,the 3D evaluation model is applied to the evaluation of eco‐city planning for Shenzhen ,Chongqing and Weifang .According to the research result ,the model can carry out com‐prehensive evaluation of the eco‐city planning scheme effectively ,and offer targeted optimization suggestions in accordance with the evaluation results .Construction of 3D evaluation model of the eco‐city planning based on the distance measure for determining the reasonability of eco‐city planning will be favorable for lowering the institutional cost and social cost of the eco‐city planning practices .%在高速发展的城镇化和节能环保要求的双重背景下,生态城市成为中国城镇化发展的首选,各级政府短期内推出了大量生态城市规划方案,但多数生态城市规划方案存在随意性和主观性等问题。对生态城市规划方案、规划方案运作机制和规划方案保障措施3个维度进行了系统分析,通过指标选取构建了生态城市规划三维评价模型,采用距离测度方法对方案

  5. 喀什城区单体住宅平面构成变容研究%Study on Changes of Monomer Housing Plan of Kashgar City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟宇; 殷正声

    2015-01-01

    喀什地区现居住着300万左右的维吾尔族人,他们区别于周边其他民族,有着自己独特的文化,在语言、宗教、艺术、建筑、服装、饮食文化等多方面至今仍然保留着完整的固有文化和传统。当日新月异的现代洪流冲击着这座古老名城,维吾尔族人用其独特的民族智慧融合并发展着自身的居住方式。通过对1980年至今维吾尔族的主要居住形式——单体住宅的平面构成变容研究来探讨当今维吾尔族的居住形式,并寻找影响其空间构成的诸多因素。%Dwelling like a mirror, faithfully reflects the Kashgar Uighurs living customs and production. Kashi region is now home to more than 300 million of the Uygur, distinguish them from other neighboring peoples, has its own unique culture, many still retain complete intrinsic culture, language, religion, art, architecture, fashion, food culture and traditions. When the ever-changing modern torrent impact of this ancient city, Uighur integration and development of its own way of living with their unique national intelligence.

  6. Planning Practice and Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    Urban planning has dramatically shifted when compared with its former logics and styles. Increasingly, the dynamics of large urban agglomerations spanning multiple boundaries put significant pressure on planning institutions to scale up. In this shifting context, how can both planning theory...... and practice co- evolve in adapting to the ever-increasing transformation of cities and urban regions? In this context, Planning Practice and Research (PPR) is seeking perspectives from the young academic community in planning. We propose to publish at least one special edition of PPR with a number of short...... papers from Young Academics. The contributions should address the question of how planning theory and practice can respond to the increasing complexity of cities and regions....

  7. City of Zagreb Spatial Data Infrastructure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darko Šiško

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Through the establishment of the Coordination Group for the City of Zagreb Spatial Management IT System, the City of Zagreb has become actively involved in the wider global community by setting up the Zagreb Spatial Data Infrastructure (ZSDI service. In the City of Zagreb, many bodies of city administration use and create spatial data and services daily in their work. All are ZSDI users and obviously have to make data mutually available. Without spatial data and services, it would be impossible to manage space effectively, plan city development, monitor the situation on the ground, or carry out many other activities. This paper gives an overview of ZSDI set-up activities so far, as well as plans for the future. 

  8. Energy-Smart Cities-DK

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje

    for Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, Section for Landscape Architecture and Planning is involved in the European project PLEEC, which studies ways for more energy efficient urban planning, focusing on six case cities. To measure the energy situation in these cities, project partners from Vienna...... of Technology and further partners in the ongoing EU-FP7 project PLEEC (Giffinger, Hemis, Weninger, & Haindlmaier, 2014) .This particular project on benchmarking Danish municipalities is financed by the Danish energy service company NRGi and their affiliated company Kuben Management, who have an interest...... in exploring the operationalization of the smart city, a term which is widely used in current city development strategies. There are various definitions for that concept – we think the most important characteristic of a smart city is that it can activate and use the resources and capital available in a most...

  9. Agreement between patient-reported and provider-reported choice of contraceptive method among family planning patients in New York City: implications for public health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ventura A

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Alicia Ventura, Samantha Garbers, Allison Meserve, Mary Ann ChiassonResearch and Evaluation Unit, Public Health Solutions, New York, NY, USAAbstract: National data on choice of contraceptive method and subsequent use are critical for monitoring progress toward meeting public health goals in reducing unintended pregnancy in the US. Yet few studies have focused on the reliability of clinically-reported or patient-reported measures of choice of contraceptive method for the range of available contraceptive methods. Among 1,844 women receiving reproductive health care at two federally funded centers in New York City, choice of contraceptive method at the end of the visit from two data sources was compared, ie, patient self-report, and provider-report as recorded in the clinical-administrative database. Agreement between the two data sources was assessed for the sample. Sociodemographic predictors of agreement were assessed using logistic regression. Agreement between the data sources was also assessed on a method-by-method basis using positive specific agreement. Participants were predominantly Latina (69%, foreign-born (76%, and low-income (99% with incomes <200% federal poverty level. Agreement of patient-reported and provider-reported contraceptive choice was highest for hormonal methods (positive specific agreement 94.0% and intrauterine devices (89.9%, and lowest for condoms (53.5%. In the logistic regression model, agreement was lower among teens aged 16–19 years compared with women aged 25+ years (odds ratio 0.74; 95% confidence interval 0.55–0.99. Because teens are more likely to rely on condoms, the logistic regression model was repeated, adjusting for provider report of condom choice; after adjustment, no sociodemographic differences in agreement were observed. National data sources or studies relying on provider-reported method choice to derive estimates of contraceptive prevalence may overestimate choice of condoms. Our findings raise

  10. Drone City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2016-01-01

    This paper address the phenomenon of drones and their potential relationship with the city from the point of view of the so-called “mobilities turn”. This is done in such a way that turns attention to a recent redevelopment of the “turn” towards design; so the emerging perspective of “mobilities ...... of being mobile, as well as profoundly altering the process and perspective of data collection and feedback to governments, businesses and citizens.......This paper address the phenomenon of drones and their potential relationship with the city from the point of view of the so-called “mobilities turn”. This is done in such a way that turns attention to a recent redevelopment of the “turn” towards design; so the emerging perspective of “mobilities...... for a new urban condition where cities are networked and connected (as well as disconnected) from the local block to global digital spheres. In the midst of many of the well-known data-creating devices (e.g. Bluetooth, radio-frequency identification (RFID), GPS, smartphone applications) there is a “new kid...

  11. City Environment Art and Sustainable Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ding Liwei

    2007-01-01

    The development of everthing follows its own law, which does not change at people's own sweet will. Therefore, we must study the development of things so as to grasp the essence of things in their deep meanings, explore the direction of their development, and make them better serve the people. As a part of the thought of sustainable development, city environment art will be of active significance to the perfection of the thought and will also be the concrete embodiment of the synthetic index of economic development. Such a thesis, starting from the macroscopic angle, and relying on the leading thought of sustainable development, takes hold of the development trend of city environment art, and explores the various problems that have arisen in city environment in the process of city management by combining thoughts on city planning, so as to guide urban harmonious development theoretically. The present paper expounds on the views comprehensively and, through the synthetic analysis on city planning, city environment, art esthetics and the thought of sustainable development, makes a detailed analysis of the effects of the present rapid city development on city environment.

  12. The Uses of Big Data in Cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bettencourt, Luís M A

    2014-03-01

    There is much enthusiasm currently about the possibilities created by new and more extensive sources of data to better understand and manage cities. Here, I explore how big data can be useful in urban planning by formalizing the planning process as a general computational problem. I show that, under general conditions, new sources of data coordinated with urban policy can be applied following fundamental principles of engineering to achieve new solutions to important age-old urban problems. I also show that comprehensive urban planning is computationally intractable (i.e., practically impossible) in large cities, regardless of the amounts of data available. This dilemma between the need for planning and coordination and its impossibility in detail is resolved by the recognition that cities are first and foremost self-organizing social networks embedded in space and enabled by urban infrastructure and services. As such, the primary role of big data in cities is to facilitate information flows and mechanisms of learning and coordination by heterogeneous individuals. However, processes of self-organization in cities, as well as of service improvement and expansion, must rely on general principles that enforce necessary conditions for cities to operate and evolve. Such ideas are the core of a developing scientific theory of cities, which is itself enabled by the growing availability of quantitative data on thousands of cities worldwide, across different geographies and levels of development. These three uses of data and information technologies in cities constitute then the necessary pillars for more successful urban policy and management that encourages, and does not stifle, the fundamental role of cities as engines of development and innovation in human societies.

  13. 城市电动汽车充电站规划模型探析%Discussion on Planning Model of City Electric Vehicles Charging Stations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马玉清; 谈先球

    2015-01-01

    This article first describes the factors to be considered of urban electric vehicle planning ,then introduces the basic mathematical programming model on the charging station model and analyses the model of particle swarm optimization .Finally ,it gives some suggestions for improvement and provides a good solution to locate electric vehicle charging stations .%介绍了城市电动汽车规划需要考虑的因素,给出了考虑成本费用的电动汽车充电站规划的基本数学规划模型,分析了粒子群算法的充电站模型的基本原理和优缺点,从调整惯性权重因子和学习因子2个方面提出了改进建议,对电动汽车充电站规划选址提供了良好的思路。

  14. Scenario Development for the City of Stockholm Towards a Fossil Fuel Free City by 2050

    OpenAIRE

    Giagkalos, Panagiotis

    2012-01-01

    The City of Stockholm’s energy and climate goals are analyzed and projected in several scenarios. Using the year 2015 as the baseline year, a database covering the energy performance and fuel use within the City is created. This starting point is used to project the performance of the City until the year 2050. The projection is made with the use of scenarios and the simulation software LEAP by formulating scenarios that combine ongoing, planned and conceivable measures. All these scenarios ai...

  15. City Character Creation With Art Involved Spatial Planning%建构城市特色的途径:艺术介入下的空间规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许云飞

    2016-01-01

    At present familiarity and homogeneity is a major cityscape problem, and art involved spatial planning may be an efective way of city character creation. The paper studies the two phases of art involvement in spatial planning, and discusses the intermediary role of art in cityscape creation, and puts forwards four strategies: decentralized spatial layout, human scale space, multi-functional spatial design, and wide public participation.%当下我国城市规划与建设中“千城一面、缺乏特色”的问题凸显,艺术作为城市再生的手段之一,其介入城市规划与设计的过程,能够成为建构我国城市空间特色的有效途径。文章探讨了艺术介入空间规划的必要性及发展过程中的两个主要阶段,结合三个实际规划案例详细论述了艺术在塑造城市空间特色中的媒介作用,并进一步提出艺术介入空间规划的四个具体策略:分散化的空间布局、人易亲近的空间元素、多功能的空间设计和广泛的公众参与,以期为我国城市规划实践中的空间再生和特色塑造提供参考。

  16. 以人为本、凸显亲民的现代行政中心景观规划设计--以湘乡市行政中心景观规划设计为例%People Oriented Landscape Planning and Design of Modern Administrative Center--Taking the Landscape Planning and Design of Administrative Center of Xiangxiang City as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄贵良

    2014-01-01

    如何营造出具有地域文化特色、生态型的行政中心景观,满足时代对行政中心开放、亲民、高效、廉洁的环境要求,是本文阐述的重点。文章结合湘乡市行政中心景观规划设计,力求在理论上较系统地对其进行阐述。%How to create the landscape of an administrative center with characteristics of regional culture and ecological protection to meet the required open, people first, efficient, clean environment is the focus of this article. Combining with the landscape planning and design of the administrative center in Xiangxiang city, the author strived to expound it in theory systematical y.

  17. Lynch, Urry and city marketing: Taking advantage of the city as a built and graphic image

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hospers, G-J.

    2009-01-01

    City marketing is usually addressed from the perspective of marketing theory. This article follows an alternative approach by exploring city marketing from the viewpoint of urban planning and the sociology of tourism. In his classic ‘The Image of the City’ (1960), planner Kevin Lynch found that peop

  18. Planning and Construction of Green Space Surrounding City Libraries Under High-density Background%高密度背景下城市图书馆周边绿地规划与建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王滢

    2012-01-01

    随着我国城市化和经济建设的快速发展,一座座高楼大厦鳞次栉比拔地而起,塑造了高密度的新城市景观。由于土地资源本身固有属性的限制,土地供需矛盾,尤其是高密度地区用地供需矛盾日益尖锐。图书馆建筑也出现低层向多层纵向发展的态势,其周边绿地表现出新的空间特征。在这种背景下如何做好绿地规划与建设,本文提出一些原则和方法,以期图书馆空间环境质量得到不断提高。%In recent years,with the development of national economic construction,many of new landmark library building is emerging.Because of the limitation of land resource,in high density areas,the land supply and demand contradiction is increasingly sharp.Under this background,this paper puts forward some principle and ways of planning and construction of green space surrounding high-density city libraries,in order to improve the environment quality of library space.

  19. Thinking on Core Factors for Planning and Construction of the 'Smart City'%关于“智慧城市”规划与建设核心因素的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋力群

    2013-01-01

      建设智慧城市已被许多城市视为城市发展新动力,智慧城市的规划与建设问题的研究具有十分重要的意义。通过阐述智慧城市产生的原因和动力、智慧城市建设的本质和发展趋势,分析世界范围智慧城市的关键点及上海智慧城市建设的着力点,提出智慧城市规划与建设的工作指导原则。%The paper tries to understand origin of the “smart city”, and nature and trend of the city development. It also analyzes the focus of construction of the“smart city”. For the objectives and tasks of construction of the“smart city”in Shanghai, the paper proposes seven guiding principles its planning and construction.

  20. Transformation of Urban Planning:Thoughts on Incremental Planning,Stock-Based Planning,and Reduction Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen; Hongsheng; Wang; Xingping; Guo; Zijian

    2016-01-01

    According to the current context of China’s new urbanization and urban and rural transformation,this paper defines incremental planning,stock-based planning,and reduction planning.It further discusses the socio-economic foundation of incremental planning,the transformation of incremental planning to stock-based planning,and the emergence of reduction planning,as well as the characteristics of these three types of urban planning.Based on that,it finds that incremental planning is determined by China’s unique urban growth pattern,and that the change of the urban growth mode leads to a transformation of urban planning.In addition,reduction planning can effectively cope with urban decline.After over 30 years of rapid economic development,more and more cities in China are approaching the bottleneck of growth.Therefore,the transformation of urban planning is unavoidable and will definitely become an important topic in planning circles.

  1. Place of Convergence, Capital of Myth, and City Chasing Sea:A Study on Urban Identity of Lianyungang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    As one of the series of studies on the City Master Plan of Lianyungang (2008-2030), the study on the urban identity of Lianyungang City summarizes the context and the theories of urban identity, analyzes the basic components, influential factors, and current situations of urban identity of Lianyungang, clarifies the objectives of shaping the urban identity of the city, and puts forward a series of elements that are important for strengthening the urban identity of the city, such as city brands, city events, and perception spaces, etc. This paper is a synthesis of this study.

  2. 基于关联耦合法的城市运河景观生态规划初探--以南京秦淮新河为例%The Study of Ecological Planning of City Canal Landscape Based on the Linkage Method--A Case Study of Qinhuai New River

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王淼; 徐晨; 丁山

    2015-01-01

    聚焦城市运河景观,以南京秦淮新河为例,使用关联耦合法的方法,选取生态驳岸、缓冲带、慢行系统和园林小品四个方面进行论述,探索城市运河景观的规划方法,为当前城市运河开发建设提供有益的借鉴与参考。%This paper examines city canal landscape. Trough a case study of QinHuai new river, using the method of linkage theory, it discusses four aspects of ecological revetment, bufer zone, slow system and landscape pieces. This article tries to point out the planning method of city canal landscape, which providing useful reference to the curent city development and canal construction.

  3. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ciger, Jan

    2006-01-01

    of providing a tangible correspondence between the two spaces. This interaction mean has proved to suit the artistic expression well but it also aims at providing anyone with a pleasant and stimulating feedback from speech activity, a new medium for creativity and a way to visually perceive a vocal performance....... As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective now is to cross the bridge between art and the potential applications to the rehabilitation of people with reduced mobility or for the treatment of language impairments....

  4. 3R社区塑造创新型城市空间的探索——以广州国际创新城启动区规划为例%Exploration on Shaping Creative Urban Space by the 3R Community: A Case Study of Guangzhou International Creative City Initiation Region Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡云楠; 吴天谋; 刘松龄

    2012-01-01

    From the perspective of the development process of the Science and Technology Park, the paper analyzes the background of the development of the creative city and its basic characteristics. According to that, the concept of the 3R Community is proposed. The case explores the way of shaping creative urban space by the means of the 3R Community planning method through the case study of Guangzhou International Creative City Initiation Region planning.%本文从科技产业园发展历程的角度分析了创新型城市发展背景,根据创新型城市的社区特征,提出3R社区概念,并以广州国际创新城启动区的规划为例,探索了采用3R社区塑造创新型城市空间的方法。

  5. 文化复兴:邯郸市中心城区有形文化规划建设策略%Cultural Renaissance:The Planning And Construction Of The Tangible Culture In The Center City Of Handan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘峻源; 洪再生; 刘立钧

    2015-01-01

    Based on the requirements of cultural renaissance during the period of new urbanization and licking into shape characteristic culture, the paper explains the tangible culture, and takes the center city of Handan as an example, analyzes the facility situation about cultural landscape and infrastructure, proposes the main plan strategies about cultural landscape, cultural infrastructure, and public space. This research wil ofer some reference to the cultural renaissance work under the new urbanization.%基于塑造城市特色文化和新型城镇化发展时期文化复兴的要求,文章对有形文化的内涵进行了简要阐述,并以邯郸市中心城区为例,对其文化景观设施和文化基础设施建设现状问题进行了分析,从城市文化景观设施规划、城市文化基础设施规划和城市公共开敞空间布局三个方面提出了有形文化建设的主要策略,以期为我国新型城镇化背景下文化复兴战略的探索提供可供参考的经验。

  6. Planning and Research on the Landscape Figuring for Mountain-River Type Small Town -- Take the Urban Landscape Planning of Baise City Xilin County as the Example%山水型小城镇景观风貌塑造的规划探索--以百色市西林县城市景观风貌规划为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓夏; 陶月华

    2014-01-01

    当今,许多城市的建设面临特色缺失的危机。而百色市西林县城市景观风貌规划从如何塑造山水型小城镇景观风貌这一根本目的出发,采用以景观控制规划引导、指导城市建设的规划理念,运用系统控制的方法,彰显出了独具个性的城市景观风貌特征。%Nowadays, many urban constructions face the crisis that lacking of characteristic. Starting from how to shape the mountain-river type smal town landscape, the landscape planning of Baise city Xilin county adheres to the philosophy that landscapes control the planning and guide the urban co- nstruction and use the systematicaly control method, which highlight the unique characteristics of urban landscape.

  7. 以信息化的规划建设城市信息化——记增城市村镇信息化平台建设%Constructing Urban Informatization Based on Informatization Planning -The construction of town- village informatization platform for Zengcheng city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈振宇; 何伟豪; 黄悦

    2011-01-01

    在广电网光纤基础上构建从规划局辐射至增城市1行政中心3街6镇的Vpn网络,同时搭载增城市规划管理信息系统,提高城市建设、管理及服务部门的管理水平和政府科学决策能力.%The project built the Vpn network from planning bureau to 1 administrative center,3 streets,and 6 towns of Zengcheng city based on Fiber Optics for Radio and TV Network. The Zengcheng planning management information system is the practical and technical system for urban planning,management and decision making,which can improve the management level and governmental scientific decision - making capability for urban planning,management,and services department.

  8. Urban structure, energy and planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Große, Juliane; Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje

    2016-01-01

    Transforming energy use in cities to address the threats of climate change and resource scarcity is a major challenge in urban development. This study takes stock of the state of energy in urban policy and planning and reveals potentials of and constraints to energy-efficient urban development....... The relationship between energy and urban structure provides a framework for discussing the role of urban planning to increase energy efficiency in cities by means of three in-depth case studies of medium-sized cities in Northern Europe: Eskilstuna in Sweden, Turku in Finland and Tartu in Estonia. In some ways...... these cities go ahead when it comes to their national climate and energy policies and aim to establish urban planning as an instrument to regulate and influence the city’s transition in a sustainable way. At the same time, the cities are constantly facing goal conflicts and limitations to their scope of action...

  9. Urban structure, energy and planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Große, Juliane; Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje

    2016-01-01

    these cities go ahead when it comes to their national climate and energy policies and aim to establish urban planning as an instrument to regulate and influence the city’s transition in a sustainable way. At the same time, the cities are constantly facing goal conflicts and limitations to their scope of action......Transforming energy use in cities to address the threats of climate change and resource scarcity is a major challenge in urban development. This study takes stock of the state of energy in urban policy and planning and reveals potentials of and constraints to energy-efficient urban development....... The relationship between energy and urban structure provides a framework for discussing the role of urban planning to increase energy efficiency in cities by means of three in-depth case studies of medium-sized cities in Northern Europe: Eskilstuna in Sweden, Turku in Finland and Tartu in Estonia. In some ways...

  10. From the network city to the neo-liberal city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ribeiro, Gustavo

    2005-01-01

    , the forging of regional identities, the impact of information technologies on urban development, the development of networked infrastructures (transport, telecommunications) and spatial consequences such as the changing status of public space, social polarization, amongst others. The central purpose...... in the three Schandinavian capitals, namely Oslo, Stockholm and Copenhagen. Relationships between urban transformations and global networks (economic, cultural, informational), are closely related to considerations by planners, decision makers and academics about themes such as the competition between cities......Network Cities: Globalization and Urban Transformation in Oslo, Stockholm and Copenhagen aims to probe relationships between planning discourses, planning practices and urban transformations. By bringing together practitioners and academics we aim at focussing the discussion on developments...

  11. Branding Cities, Changing Societies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ooi, Can-Seng

    Societal changes are seldom discussed in the literature on city branding. The time element is important because it highlights the fluctuating reality of society. The city brand message freezes the place but in fact, the city branding exercise is a continuous process. Society emerges too. City...... brands are supposed to accentuate the uniqueness of the city, be built from the bottom-up and reflect the city's identity. This paper highlights three paradoxes, pointing out that city branding processes can also make cities more alike, bring about societal changes and forge new city identities. A city...... branding campaign does not just present the city, it may change the city. The relationships between the branding exercise and the city are intertwined in the evolution of the place....

  12. LOCAL IDENTITY MEETING WITH CITY: CITTASLOW-SLOW CITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tugba Ustun Topal

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Cities are characterised by local identities, which have been shaped by natural and cultural values. Constituting elements of local identity are settlement pattern bearing the traces of past, local music, traditional taste, handicrafts and life story. Besides, there has been a fast pace of life owing to globalization, and globally standardized cities, where local identities are ignored, have been emerged in planning-design-implementation process. From this viewpoint, Cittaslow movement has become a major turning point for liveable and sustainable cities that emphasize the local character. In this context, in the study, it is aimed to raise awareness about Cittaslow which is an example of an urban model for sustainability. In line with this purpose, the importance of Cittaslow approach and the criteria that are needed to be met for being a member of the Association of Cittaslow have been revealed. In line with these criteria Cittaslow cities in Turkey were discussed comparatively in terms of their features were considered. Examples from our country have been evaluated together with the international Cittaslow examples. In addition, proposals have been made by developing strategies in planning- designing and implementation process for the Cittaslow approach.

  13. Learning Cities as Healthy Green Cities: Building Sustainable Opportunity Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearns, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses a new generation of learning cities we have called EcCoWell cities (Economy, Community, Well-being). The paper was prepared for the PASCAL International Exchanges (PIE) and is based on international experiences with PIE and developments in some cities. The paper argues for more holistic and integrated development so that…

  14. Microsensing networks for sustainable cities

    CERN Document Server

    Lambrechts, Johannes

    2016-01-01

    This book explores the microsensing technologies and systems now available to monitor the quality of air and water within the urban environment and examines their role in the creation of sustainable cities against the background of the challenges posed by rapid urbanization. The opening section addresses the theoretical and conceptual background of microsensing networks. The coverage includes detailed description of microsensors, supported by design-specific equations, and clear explanation of the ways in which devices that harvest energy from ambient sources can detect and quantify pollution. The practical application of such systems in addressing environmental impacts within cities and in sustainable urban planning is then discussed with the aid of case studies in developing countries. The book will be of interest to all who wish to understand the benefits of microsensing networks in promoting sustainable cities through better delivery of information on health hazards and improved provision of data to envir...

  15. Spatial Development Strategy for Bole City, Xinjiang Province and Regulatory Plan and Urban Design for Bohe New Zone%新疆博乐市空间发展战略、博河新区控制性详细规划及城市设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪立虎; 骆悰; 倪嘉; 李艳; 郭淳彬; 吴芳芳

    2013-01-01

    As an important node city of both Xinjiang and China toward the opening to Central Asia, the development of Bole City should seeking a new way of urbanization by co-ordinating the regional resources, while combined with its port characteristic. The plan enhances the practicability in order to write a new chapter in the development of Bole City by seizing the chance of the construction of Bohe New Zone, leading the plan with strategy and scientific concept, while innovate the organization and techniques of the planning.%  作为我国及新疆面向中亚的重要开放城市,新疆博乐市的发展应统筹区域资源、结合口岸特色,走出一条新型城镇化道路。规划抓住博河新区发展的有力契机,战略先行、规划引领、理念科学、对接实施,创新了规划编制方式、规划组织形式和规划技术手段,提升了规划可行性,谱写了博乐城市发展的新篇章。

  16. Remedial action plan and site design for stabilization of the inactive uranium mill tailings site at Tuba City, Arizona: Phase 2, Construction, Subcontract documents: Appendix E, final report. [Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-08-01

    This appendix discusses Phase II construction and subcontract documents uranium mill site near Tuba City, Arizona. It contains the bid schedule, special conditions, specifications, and subcontract drawings.

  17. Pittsburgh City Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Pittsburgh City FacilitiesIncludes: City Administrative Buildings, Police Stations, Fire Stations, EMS Stations, DPW Sites, Senior Centers, Recreation Centers,...

  18. Pittsburgh City Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Pittsburgh City FacilitiesIncludes: City Administrative Buildings, Police Stations, Fire Stations, EMS Stations, DPW Sites, Senior Centers, Recreation Centers, Pool...

  19. Expats rank Chinese cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    By Lv Dong

    2012-01-01

    Beijing, April The results of the "2011 Amazing China- The Most Attractive Chinese Cities for Foreigners" election are released. Expats choose Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin and other cities as Chinas 10 most attractive cities for foreigners.

  20. 《城市公园规划与设计规范》编制和实施情况剖析%Analysis on Compilation and Implementation of the Code for City Park Planning and Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永雄

    2013-01-01

    The Guangzhou Landscaping administrative departments had organized and prepared a series of technical specifications in the last decade. However, the implementation of these specifications is not satisfactory. This article focuses on a general analysis about the compilation and implementation of the Code for City Park Planning and Design, which centralized the views of many experts who come from government departments, universities and design units. These views are based on the rigorous process of compilation of the Code.This article also proposes a solution to the problem which caused during the implementation process of the Code.Furthermore, Governments' support and promotion is the key to solve the problem of the implementation of these specifications.%最近十年,广州市园林绿化行政主管部门组织编制了10多部园林绿化系列技术规范,但实施情况并不理想。文章选取其中的《城市公园规划与设计规范》,对其编制和实施情况进行概括性的剖析。依据规范编制的严谨流程,提出《规范》是集中了相关政府部门、大专院校、设计单位专家智慧结晶的观点。并针对《规范》实施存在的问题,提出解决问题的建议,并指出政府部门的大力支持和积极推动是解决技术规范实施问题的关键。

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages - City Limit (polygon)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Data available online through GeoStor at http://www.geostor.arkansas.gov. Arkansas Cities: This data set contains all of the city limit boundaries within the state...

  2. For a Safer City. A Friendlier City. And a More Beautiful City.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Busi

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The issue of the safety of mobility in the urban environment has been emerging as a primary social topic for some time now due to the number of casualties and, more generally, due to the impact on living conditions in the city. If correctly formulated, in fact, this subject has implications primarily and fundamentally with regard to the quality of urban life, as the citizen, and the vulnerable road user in particular, is severely restricted in their use of urban public paces. Consequently, an increasingly greater focus is being placed on acquiring methods, techniques and strategies for addressing the issue of planning, constructing and managing roads, squares and urban green spaces (and above all, applying the logic of reclaiming the historic and consolidated city in order that the city can be used to its full potential by the citizen. The subject itself therefore presents an opportunity to re-establish urban planning regulations (and, more generally, city regulations in accordance with the renewed interest in public spaces. The article discusses this matter and includes supporting elements and examples, also referring to the implications on the urban landscape.

  3. Urban and spatial planning in Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marin Tominaga

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to introduce the urban and spatial planning inJapan. According to the national planning system of Japan, chapter 2, the planning system has 3 administrative levels and each territorial region has its own regulation. This paper introduces especially about planning and regulation system in city region in Japan.

  4. INNOVATION AND MECHANISM ESTABLISHMENT OF URBAN-RURAL PLANNING AT COUNTY LEVEL: A CASE STUDY OF FUYANG CITY IN ZHEJIANG PROVINCE%县(市)级城乡规划的改革创新与体系构建——以浙江省富阳市规划实践为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡海龙; 王波

    2011-01-01

    党的十七届三中全会指出要加快以县级为单元的城乡经济社会发展一体化制度建设.县(市)级城乡规划管理工作的改革,是促进城乡经济社会发展一体化建设的重要内容与载体.本文回顾与总结了富阳市近几年来围绕城乡发展面临的挑战与城乡规划管理中的突出问题,在科学发展观的指导下,结合县级行政管理体制改革,在规划理念、规划统筹机制,规划决策与审查机制、规划编制体系、规划参与机制、规划管理机制等城乡规划工作上的创新实践与体系构筑,为县(市)级城乡规划工作的改革提供相关经验借鉴.%This paper reviews and summarizes the challenges the urban-rural planning faced with and the issues in the urban-rural administration in Fuyang City in recent years. This paper introduces the urban-rural planning reform of Fuyang City which is guided by Scientific Development Concept. The reform involves the planning ideology, planning integration mechanism, decision-making and inspection, plan-making system, planning participation mechanism and administration and so on, which would provide references to the reform of urban-rural planning at county level.

  5. Eco-Cities: Possible or Purely Utopian?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    violating the traditional Chinese planning practices of feng shui . 26 While Westerners might scoff at the significance of this, some Chinese take...it very seriously and if Dongtan is ever built, it may be difficult to populate. To illustrate how important feng shui is in Chinese culture, in...25 Urban Agent, “Sustainable City Race.” 26 Ibid 27 Holson, “The Feng Shui Kingdom.” 28 Urban Agent, “Sustainable City Race.” 29 Moore

  6. Archaeoastronomy and Calendar Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campion, Nicholas

    2016-02-01

    The use of astronomy for collective purposes, both religious and political, is apparent in the earliest astronomical records, from the evidence for Palaeolithic lunar calendars to megalithic monuments and Mesopotamian celestial-omen reports. This paper will consider the application of the heavens to the organisation of the ‘Cosmic State’, the human polity modelled on the assumption of a close relationship between society on the one hand and planetary and stellar patterns on the other. I will also examine the foundation of Baghdad within the tradition of celestial town planning and argue that the city may be seen as a ‘talisman’, designed to connect heaven to Earth and ensure peace, stability and political success by harmonising time and space.

  7. City positioning theories and city core competencies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xinquan; Zhu

    2007-01-01

    Gity positioning The Chinese city in a decision develops the topic of the destiny. Since the 90's of 20 centuries, the economic integral and globalization developed rapidly. The development make national boundary become not so important, the function of the city is increasingly outstanding. In other words, national competition ability is morally now on the city competition ability. At the same time, this development result that the industry is divided internationally and is divided in cities. Therefore, under the condition of globalization, if the city wants the superior development, it must take advantages and avoid shortage, to position the city accurately, establish the competition and development the strategy. The city positioning is clearly defined the city competition ability, more important it indicated the direction of the city development. Trough the analysis of the resource and environment of the city, decide an accurate position of the best function of the city, well configure the inner and outside resource, catch the opportunities,face the challenges, maximized the market share in order to maximized the wealth and city competition ability.

  8. Sustainability and Competitiveness in Australian Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Hu

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This study injects sustainability into competitiveness to inform policy making and planning for contemporary urban development. This is built upon the recent advancement in the scholarship on urban competitiveness that demonstrates a clear deviation from an economic-centric approach to incorporate multiple dimensions of a city’s progress. This study has an explicit concern for environmental sustainability and its relationship with urban competitiveness and their conceptual and methodological articulations. Empirically, this study measures the sustainability and competitiveness in Australian cities and reveals that Australia’s urban progress is clearly associated with an environmental cost. The findings are useful to inform policy making and planning for building sustainable and competitive cities. Apart from the conventional solutions that focus on urban form change and transport infrastructure improvement, this study suggests a need to explore the opportunities deriving from the emerging smart city planning and practice.

  9. Influential Aspects of the Smart City

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marinovici, Maria C.; Kirkham, Harold; Widergren, Steven E.

    2016-01-05

    Using millions of sensors in everyday objects, smart cities will generate petabytes of data, and it will be delivered to multiple users via networks. Multi-disciplinary inter-operability is essential. We propose system engineering management, with multidisciplinary teams as an effective way to deliver real change. Their goal is to develop intelligent and integrated services through the use of digital technologies and open collaboration. We also caution that the process cannot be entirely planned ahead of time, it must be allowed to evolve. New technology will change the game (where does a 3-D printer fit into a smart city?). Municipal planning means central planning – not known for its sensitivity to reality. A successful smart city will include lots of feedback mechanisms for the citizenry.

  10. Green cities, smart people and climate change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansouri Kouhestani, F.; Byrne, J. M.; Hazendonk, P.; Brown, M. B.; Harrison, T.

    2014-12-01

    Climate change will require substantial changes to urban environments. Cities are huge sources of greenhouse gases. Further, cities will suffer tremendously under climate change due to heat stresses, urban flooding, energy and water supply and demand changes, transportation problems, resource supply and demand and a host of other trials and tribulations. Cities that evolve most quickly and efficiently to deal with climate change will likely take advantage of the changes to create enjoyable, healthy and safer living spaces for families and communities. Technology will provide much of the capability to both mitigate and adapt our cities BUT education and coordination of citizen and community lifestyle likely offers equal opportunities to make our cities more sustainable and more enjoyable places to live. This work is the first phase of a major project evaluating urban mitigation and adaptation policies, programs and technologies. All options are considered, from changes in engineering, planning and management; and including a range of citizen and population-based lifestyle practices.

  11. Challenging 'smart' in smart city strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandvik, Kjetil; Knudsen, Jacob

    Smart city strategies concern the improvement of economic and political efficiency and the enabling of social, cultural and urban development (Hollands 2008) and covers a variety of fields from improving infrastructures, social and cultural development, resilience strategies (e.g. green energy......), improving schools, social welfare institutions, public and private institutions etc. The 'smart' in smart city strategies implies that these efforts are accomplished by the introduction and embedding of smart media technology into the very fabric of society. This is often done in a top-down and technology......-centric way (from city branding initiatives to the digitization of the public sector). This presentation will challenge this approach to smart city strategies by proposing that instead of a 'technology first' approach, we need to introduce the smart citizen in the center of smart city strategic planning...

  12. Filling the Feedback Gap of Place-Related ‘Externalities’ in Smart Cities: Empowering citizen-sensor-networks for participatory monitoring and planning for a responsible distribution of urban air quality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Carton, L.J.; Ache, P.M.

    2015-01-01

    With this paper, we present the set-up of the pilot experiment in project “Smart Emission”, constructing an experimental citizen-sensor-network in the city of Nijmegen. This project, as part of research program ‘Maps 4 Society,’ is one of the currently running Smart City projects in the Netherlands.

  13. 大城市边缘区中小城市规划建设可持续发展探讨 ——以广州增城市为例%THE PLANNING AND CONSTRUCTION OF THE MIDDLIE SIZED AND SMALL CITIES ON THE FRINGE OF GUANGZHOU

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    隆少秋

    2001-01-01

    大城市边缘区中小城市的规划建设有其特殊性,特殊的区位和特殊的功能定位决定它的规划建设必须走可持续发展的路子,文中对广州市边缘区增城市城市规划建设可持续发展的现状、背景契机、制约性和对策措施方面进行了初步的探讨。%Guangzhou Metropolis has been gradually carrying out the project of restructuring the administration system after Beijing and Shanghai. At present, the fringe cities Huadu and Panyu have been changed into two districts of Guangzhou, and Zengcheng and Conghua will be the same. They all will be classified into the integrated planning and building system of Guangzhou. How to transform their function from a center of rural zone into a subcenter of a metropolis is a key problem for the development of the middle sized and small cities such as Zengcheng and Conghua. From the present situation and problem of urban planning and building in Zengcheng, by means of the comparative and correlative analyses, the background, chance and restriction to the development of Zengcheng are studied. It is pointed out that the planning and building of the middle sized and small cities on the fringe of large city must follow the way of sustainable development.

  14. Toward a typology of sustainability for cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ken Doust

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Sustainability responses must accelerate to avoid major risks to cities. Climate change impact on cities, likely to be significant if global sustainability initiatives are not quickened, is a paramount example of the risk. World wide meetings of city planning practitioners and researchers agree that an urgent agenda is to work together to empower cities and their governments with funds, tools and mentoring to make the responses needed. In the spirit of this urgent agenda, this paper introduces some practical methods for assessing sustainability associated with transport and urban form in our cities. A concept of strategic scans of future scenarios, which underpins the backcasting approach, has been introduced at the 12 th World Conference on Transport Research (WCTR in 2010 and has broken urban and transport planning trend. These strategic scans are based on a sustainability framework, the elements of which provide evidence based drivers of sustainability. The framework culminates in metric visualisations for each of the three pillars of sustainability. The paper details some of the operational aspects of these metrics in the form of environmental sustainability-accessibility space, putting into practice measures of environmental stewardship, social equity, economic efficiency, and the relationship among them. The paper concludes with a call of developing a typology of sustainability performance using the strategic scan methodology to extend the principles of the methodology into a useful tool for city governments and contribute to assembling a daTablease of city forms, transport structures, and their sustainability performances.

  15. Dilemmas of energy efficient urban development in three Nordic cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Große, Juliane; Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje

    Energy is high on the agenda of the European Union and in current urban development. In this study we focus on the role of urban planning in energy efficiency in 3 Northern European cities - Turku (FI), Eskilstuna (SE) and Tartu (EE). The case studies were developed in close collaboration between...... the authors and representatives of the cities. The research was carried out by field trips, interviews and analysis of local reports and planning documents. This work was done in the framework of the EU-FP7 project PLEEC (Planning for energy efficient cities), GA no. 314704, www.pleecproject.eu...

  16. Study on Stakeholders’Appeal in Regulatory Planning Adjustment:A Case Study of Plan Adjustment of Reservation Land around Rail Transit Station in Beijing’s Inner City%控制性详细规划调整中的利益相关者诉求研究*--以北京市中心城轨道交通站点储备用地的规划调整为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋丽青; 林坚; 马晨越

    2014-01-01

    基于公共产品理论和利益相关者理论,以北京市中心城轨道交通站点储备用地1999年、2006年控制性详细规划调整为切入点,分析政府、开发单位、公众、设计单位等利益主体的权力分配与利益诉求。构建多元利益主体博弈的一般框架,指出旧城区控制性详细规划调整过程中以权力分配倾斜化、关注对象区别化、利益诉求差别化为特征的不均衡现状,建议我国旧城区控制性详细规划实践注重:划定底线,制定针对性的保护原则;设施先行,提升土地开发潜力;制度为本,明确可能的利益主体的权责。%According to public goods theory and stakeholder theory, the adjustments of Beijing’s regulatory detailed planning on reservation land around rail transit station in inner city between 1999 and 2006 are analyzed, which shows the power and appeal of the stakeholders. The frame of games between stakeholders is made, which indicates three identities of regulatory detailed planning adjustment in old city: the imbalanced power, the diverse object and the different interest. Suggestions are put forward for the practice of regulatory detailed planning in old city.

  17. INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION OF SHENYANG CITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Ping-yu

    2003-01-01

    Industrial transformation represents a unique economic phenomenon in China's regional economy,and old industrial city reconstruction has long been a key problem that affects state security. As a typical old indus-trial city in China, Shenyang established its heavy industrial city position in the First Five-year Plan period (1953-1957), and this industrial structure has been consolidated for a long time. After 1978, Shenyang began its long last-ing industrial reconstruction in an all-round way by 3 main initiatives including restructuring economic system, up-grading traditional industrial technology and developing high-tech industry. In the end of the 1990s, it could be I-dentified that remarkable structural changes took place in city economy at large as well as individual industrial sec-tor. According to the GDP proportion change, Shenyang is on the way to a high level industrial structure. The sec-ondary industry also engendered significant shifting as smelting and textile industry declined sharply but IT industry increased largely. Although the ratio of the heavy industry to the light industry changed periodically, the heavy in-dustrial output value most time kept a high proportion over 60% of the gross industrial output value in the past five decades. Shenyang has favorable conditions for developing equipment manufacturing industry, but it should carry out the program by establishing its leading role in urban economy plan, building "Theme Industrial Parks", improv-ing Tiexi Industrial Zone, removing any kind of system barrier, enlarging private and other ownerships economy and improving technology, marketing and management by IT application. In response to economy globalization,Shenyang needs to expand the cooperation worldwide and improve the cohesion with surrounding cities.

  18. “景观·系统”的水系景观规划策略——以唐山环城水系为例%"Landscape & System" as Planning Strategy of River Network——Case Study of City-ringed River Network in Tangshan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹裕波; 刘敬文; 么春华

    2013-01-01

    在国家宏观产业结构调整的背景下,唐山城内陡河沿岸的工厂将陆续迁出,移入曹妃甸工业园区.在此契机之下,为了适应城市生态建设和百姓生活需要,唐山提出了以市中心区内陡河、青龙河、李各庄河为基础构建环城水系的设想.受系统论影响,环城水系规划把水系景观作为开放的系统,围绕系统的整体性、层次性和关联性3个重要特征的体现,通过系统的涉水规划、景观的系统和系统的景观营造的三大策略统筹滨水区的生态环境建设与空间开发,完成环城水系的景观规划.%The factories situated along the Douhe River in Tangshan are planned to be moved gradually into Caofeidian Industrial Area from the inner city in the coming future according to the macroscopic adjustment of the national industrial structure, In the context Tangshan municipality has put forward to build the city-ringed river network based on Douhe River, Qinglong River and Ligezhuang River which run through the downtown of the city. The great vision will be beneficial to eco-city construction as well the citizens' life. Landscape of river network has been regarded as an open system within the planning of city-ringed river network in Tangshan inspired by systematology. The planning, embodying correspondingly three important characters of the system which are integrity, hierarchy and relevance, has been already fulfilled by means of three strategies including systematic planning in water realm, landscape as system and landscape created systematically.

  19. Water changed the cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elle, Morten; Jensen, Marina Bergen

    An improvement in water infrastructure and cleaning up the waters changed many harbour cities in Denmark at the beginning of the 90s. The harbour cities changed from drity, run-down industrial harbours to clean and attractive harbour dwelling creating new city centres and vital city areas...

  20. Diagnosing Beijing 2020: Mapping the Ungovernable City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin Visser

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Beijing Municipality, characterised by the ‘off-ground’ architecture distinguishing neo-liberal privatisation, is attempting to mitigate the damaging effects of rampant development on the social fabric, cultural heritage, and the environment by adopting sustainable urban planning. I argue that the sustainability rhetoric in the Beijing Municipality 2020 Plans functions in part as strategic metaphors masking unnamed, imminent threats to governance. In this article I diagnose four Beijing plans (Beijing 2006-2015 ‘Rail Transit Plan’ for Compact City, Beijing 2005-2020 ‘Underground Space Plan’ for Alternative Space, Beijing 2006-2020 ‘Undeveloped Area Plan’ for Ecological Responsibility, and Beijing 2006-2010 ‘Low-income Housing Plan’ for Affordability and Liveability. A diagrammatics of the plans illuminates not so much a mapping of Beijing’s future as the forms of spontaneity preoccupying the nation at this historical juncture. The Beijing 2020 plan, as city mapping more generally, discloses the imminence of ungovernable city. The fact that citizens are demanding greater authority over Beijing governance suggests that radical alterations to its urban fabric and quality of life have incited the imminent sociability that is the city.

  1. Energy and urban planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian

    How can spatial planning reduce energy use in our cities? How do different geographical, regional, cultural or political contexts influence our options? How can we measure and monitor its effects? And where do we set the boundaries for the definition of action and goals? Findings from the interna...

  2. CITY LOGISTICS – STATUS AND TRENDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Snežana Tadić

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available City logistics aims to increase the efficiency and mitigate the negative effects of logistics processes and activities, and at the same time support the sustainable development of the urban areas. Major European and national research projects, undertaken from the end of the last century onwards, indicate that the state of the urban area logistics is quite critical. The situation requires a comprehensive analysis and active participation of the authorities and companies in order to solve the growing problems and define the sustainable solutions which would encourage the economic development and improve the living conditions in the city. In order to make logistics activities less routine, and thereby more efficient, many initiatives have been launched, especially in the terms of environmental impact and service quality. However, the changes are slow and environmental trends are setting new challenges. The main problem is the lack of planning activities and comprehensive and long term policy of city logistics. Decisions of city planners are often inadequate, without the analysis of existing situation and interaction of city logistics and complex socio-economic system of the city and its surrounding, without research and studies of different measures and impacts on the overall city logistics system. This article presented the current situation and trends in the implementation of logistics chains within the urban areas in order to highlight the complexity of solving the problems of a complex city logistics system.

  3. “A Greener, Greater New York" : Study on the New Plan of New York City%《更葱绿、更美好的纽约》——新一轮纽约规划评述与启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何丹; 朱小平; 王梦珂

    2011-01-01

    PlaNYC was released in 2007, trying to solve three urgent problems : growth, an aging infrastructure and an increasingly precarious environment. The main difference distinguishes the new plan from the past ones is its standing point, which does not only focus on solving immediate crises, but also have thoughts about the future. The new plan started from a holistic approach, and planners realized the approach of "one-size fits all" couldn't work out. The purpose is to develop a plan that can become a model for cities in the 21st century. First, the paper reviews the history of city planning of New York City, then studies the new plan which is divided into the following parts : land, water, transportation, energy, air and climate change. The main goal is to learn experience from New York City, which would provide implications to urban development of China in the future.%2007年纽约新一轮综合规划出台,该规划旨在解决纽约城市当时面临的三大最紧迫问题:增长、基础设施老化和环境恶化.其与历年规划的主要区别在于立意点的不同,不仅对现实挑战作出回应,同时也对纽约城市的长远发展有所考虑,将现实与未来发展相结合,从而改变了传统规划“一劳永逸”的观念.作为世界性城市的纽约,希望以自身的实际行动为其他城市做出表率.本文首先对纽约历年相关城市规划进行回顾,然后从土地、水资源、交通、能源、空气、气候变化几方面对新规划进行解读,以期对中国城市的未来发展有所启示.

  4. Study of City Landscape Heritage Using Lidar Data and 3d-City Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubinowicz, P.; Czynska, K.

    2015-04-01

    In contemporary town planning protection of urban landscape is a significant issue. It regards especially those cities, where urban structures are the result of ages of evolution and layering of historical development process. Specific panoramas and other strategic views with historic city dominants can be an important part of the cultural heritage and genius loci. Other hand, protection of such expositions introduces limitations for future based city development. Digital Earth observation techniques creates new possibilities for more accurate urban studies, monitoring of urbanization processes and measuring of city landscape parameters. The paper examines possibilities of application of Lidar data and digital 3D-city models for: a) evaluation of strategic city views, b) mapping landscape absorption limits, and c) determination protection zones, where the urbanization and buildings height should be limited. In reference to this goal, the paper introduces a method of computational analysis of the city landscape called Visual Protection Surface (VPS). The method allows to emulate a virtual surface above the city including protection of a selected strategic views. The surface defines maximum height of buildings in such a way, that no new facility can be seen in any of selected views. The research includes also analyses of the quality of simulations according the form and precision of the input data: airborne Lidar / DSM model and more advanced 3D-city models (incl. semantic of the geometry, like in CityGML format). The outcome can be a support for professional planning of tall building development. Application of VPS method have been prepared by a computer program developed by the authors (C++). Simulations were carried out on an example of the city of Dresden.

  5. Underground space planning in Helsinki

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilkka Vähäaho

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper gives insight into the use of underground space in Helsinki, Finland. The city has an underground master plan (UMP for its whole municipal area, not only for certain parts of the city. Further, the decision-making history of the UMP is described step-by-step. Some examples of underground space use in other cities are also given. The focus of this paper is on the sustainability issues related to urban underground space use, including its contribution to an environmentally sustainable and aesthetically acceptable landscape, anticipated structural longevity and maintaining the opportunity for urban development by future generations. Underground planning enhances overall safety and economy efficiency. The need for underground space use in city areas has grown rapidly since the 21st century; at the same time, the necessity to control construction work has also increased. The UMP of Helsinki reserves designated space for public and private utilities in various underground areas of bedrock over the long term. The plan also provides the framework for managing and controlling the city's underground construction work and allows suitable locations to be allocated for underground facilities. Tampere, the third most populated city in Finland and the biggest inland city in the Nordic countries, is also a good example of a city that is taking steps to utilise underground resources. Oulu, the capital city of northern Finland, has also started to ‘go underground’. An example of the possibility to combine two cities by an 80-km subsea tunnel is also discussed. A new fixed link would generate huge potential for the capital areas of Finland and Estonia to become a real Helsinki-Tallinn twin city.

  6. Discussion on the Development Planning of the Charging Infrastructure of Electric Vehicle -- Taking the City of Suqian in Jiangsu Province as an Example%浅谈电动汽车充电设施的发展规划--以江苏省宿迁市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马鑫; 朱江

    2014-01-01

    This paper taking the development plan of the ch- arging infrastructure of the electric vehicle of Suqian city in Jiangsu Province as an example, through the forecast of el- ectric vehicle in Suqian city and the type selection of charging infrastructure, and according to the corresponding principles, made a reasonable layout for charging facilities to meet the demand of electric vehicle charging.%本文以江苏省宿迁市电动汽车充电设施发展规划为例,通过对宿迁市电动汽车保有量预测、充电设施类型选择,并根据相应的原则,对充电设施进行了合理的布局,以满足电动汽车的充电需求。

  7. Rational Thinking on Promoting the Construction of Mega-city of Baoji with the Opportunity of Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Zone Development Planning%以关天规划为契机推进宝鸡特大城市建设的理性思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何俊丽

    2012-01-01

    建设特大城市,这是宝鸡2009-2020年发展的总体规划之一.本文主要通过四个方面,理性的分析了宝鸡作为关天经济区的副中心,建设特大城市的基础、目标、挑战及实现途径,为我们描绘出一副宝鸡未来的美好蓝图.%The construction of the mega-city is one of the tasks of the overall development planning of Baoji (2009-2020). Through four main aspects, this paper makes a rational analysis of foundation, goals, challenges, and realizing ways of the mega-city of Baoji which is the sub-center of Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Zone, and depicts a better blueprint for the future of Baoji.

  8. Policymaking in European healthy cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Leeuw, Evelyne; Green, Geoff; Spanswick, Lucy; Palmer, Nicola

    2015-06-01

    This paper assesses policy development in, with and for Healthy Cities in the European Region of the World Health Organization. Materials for the assessment were sourced through case studies, a questionnaire and statistical databases. They were compiled in a realist synthesis methodology, applying theory-based evaluation principles. Non-response analyses were applied to ascertain the degree of representatives of the high response rates for the entire network of Healthy Cities in Europe. Further measures of reliability and validity were applied, and it was found that our material was indicative of the entire network. European Healthy Cities are successful in developing local health policy across many sectors within and outside government. They were also successful in addressing 'wicked' problems around equity, governance and participation in themes such as Healthy Urban Planning. It appears that strong local leadership for policy change is driven by international collaboration and the stewardship of the World Health Organization. The processes enacted by WHO, structuring membership of the Healthy City Network (designation) and the guidance on particular themes, are identified as being important for the success of local policy development.

  9. Rare Plants - City of San Diego [ds455

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — The Biological Monitoring Plan (BMP; Ogden 1996) for the Multiple Species Conservation Program (MSCP) was developed in 1996 and is a component of the City of San...

  10. City School Desegregation and the Creative Uses of Enrollment Decline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cronin, Joseph M.

    1977-01-01

    Enrollment shifts create several planning and financial problems for school districts accustomed to continued growth and rising budgets; however they can also signal new possibilities for quality integrated education both in cities and metropolitan areas. (Author/AM)

  11. Cultural transition in Southeastern Europe : the creative city - crossing visions and new realities in the region

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Contents: Chapter I: Conceptual Frameworks of the Creative City Debate: Lidia Varbanova: Our Creative Cities Online; Žaklina Gligorijević: Forces and Trends Shaping the Contemporary City: The Creative Sector in Creative Cities; Milena Dragičević-Šešić: Culture as a Resource of City Development; Jaka Primora: Attitudes of Cultural Workers towards Creative Industries Development and the City in Southeastern Europe; Ivana Jašić: Cities on the Global Market: Territorial Marketing Planning Strateg...

  12. Hacking buiksloterham : How self-builders are making their city

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Lange, M.L.; de Waal, M.

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the research-by-design project The Hackable City is to develop a research agenda and toolkit that explores the role of digital media technologies for new directions for urban planning and city-making. How can citizens, design professionals, local government institutions and others creativ

  13. Reciprocal Interactions Between Industrial Clusters and City Suburbs Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Industrial clusters which create competitive advantage are new trends in industry development. Establishing innovatory clusters in city suburbs which provide better environments for cluster development in return will greatly accelerate the development of suburbs. Thus there are reciprocal interactions between industrial clusters and city suburbs development. The relations and some suggestions about how to plan industrial clusters in suburbs were given.

  14. Environmental conflicts in compact cities : complexity, decisionmaking, and policy approaches

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Roo, G

    2000-01-01

    In most parts of Europe compact city policies have become a popular means of planning for sustainability. Dense compact cities were seen as solutions to reduce continually increasing mobility. They were also seen as a way to avoid urbanization of the countryside. Lately planners have been expressing

  15. Sustainable densification and greenification in the inner city of Rotterdam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beurden, J.B.V.; Doepel, D.; Tillie, N.

    2013-01-01

    Many cities are developing and implementing plans for urban restructuring and densification. The Municipality of Rotterdam has explored a number of strategies with the aim of creating a more attractive, lively city centre through densification and greenification. This study has researched what the a

  16. Population Growth and Policies in Mega-Cities. Sao Paulo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations New York, NY. Dept. of Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis.

    This document is one in a series of studies that focus on the population policies and plans of a number of mega-cities in developing countries. The object of the series is to examine the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of the population policies of mega-cities from a broad perspective, emphasizing the reciprocal links between…

  17. The City Intelligence Quotient (City IQ Evaluation System: Conception and Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiqiang Wu

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available After a systematic review of 38 current intelligent city evaluation systems (ICESs from around the world, this research analyzes the secondary and tertiary indicators of these 38 ICESs from the perspectives of scale structuring, approaches and indicator selection, and determines their common base. From this base, the fundamentals of the City Intelligence Quotient (City IQ Evaluation System are developed and five dimensions are selected after a clustering analysis. The basic version, City IQ Evaluation System 1.0, involves 275 experts from 14 high-end research institutions, which include the Chinese Academy of Engineering, the National Academy of Science and Engineering (Germany, the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences, the Planning Management Center of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of China, and the Development Research Center of the State Council of China. City IQ Evaluation System 2.0 is further developed, with improvements in its universality, openness, and dynamic adjustment capability. After employing deviation evaluation methods in the IQ assessment, City IQ Evaluation System 3.0 was conceived. The research team has conducted a repeated assessment of 41 intelligent cities around the world using City IQ Evaluation System 3.0. The results have proved that the City IQ Evaluation System, developed on the basis of intelligent life, features more rational indicators selected from data sources that can offer better universality, openness, and dynamics, and is more sensitive and precise.

  18. On the uniform reimbursement plan for hospitalization expenses under the new rural cooperative medical system (NRCMS) in Nanjing city%南京市新型农村合作医疗建立统一住院费用补偿方案探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林振平; 陈家应; 王劲松; 张海

    2009-01-01

    Objective To probe into the feasibility of establishing a uniform reimbursement plan for hospitalization expenses under NRCMS in Nanjing city. Methods Hospitalization expenses in 2005 for peasants under NRCMS from the sour suburb districts and county in Nanjing were sampled. Based on this study, a reimbursement ratio was designed for such peasants as classified by "grades, sections and accumulated reimbursement". Results A uniform NVRMS reimbursement plan for hospitalization expenses may not be practical for all peasants in Nanjing. Yet such a plan of relative uniformity is worthy of experimenting as follows: no minimum for reimbursement;within the same expense range, reimbursement ratio may be measured and fixed accordingly among districts and county in the city, ranging 20%-70%;a uniform ceiling and reimbursement range are recommended. Conclusions A uniform city-wide plan requires by-step and planned implementations. With support from government finance, fund-raising gaps among these areas can be narrowed gradually, cutting back differences in their reimbursement plans in the end.%目的 探索南京市新型农村合作医疗建立统一住院费用补偿方案的可能性.方法 抽样调查了南京市"四区一县"2005年参合农民的住院费用资料,用"分级、分段、累加补偿"的方法设计参合农民的住院费用补偿比.结果 全市新型农村合作医疗建立完全统一的住院补偿标准是有困难的,可以建立相对统一的住院费用补偿方案:实行"0"起报;在费用段相同的情况下,各区县的补偿比根据实际情况测定,在20%70%间适当选择;可以制定统一的封顶线和补偿范围.结论 全市若要实现补偿标准完全统一的目标,应分步骤、有计划地实施,通过政府财政筹资,不断调整各区县的筹资差异,逐步减少补偿方案的差别.

  19. GEOLOGICAL AND GEOTECHNICAL CITY KNOWLEDGE SYSTEM OF THE URBAN AREAS IN THE CENTRAL PART OF DENIZLI CITY

    OpenAIRE

    Kumsar, Halil; Sefer Beran ÇELİK; Kaya, Mustafa

    2004-01-01

    Geological and geotecnical investigations which are carried out at the first stage of a settlement place of a city play an important role on the development of urbanization. Engineering geology maps which are prepared by using the data of geological and geotechnical investigation guide urban plans and settlement. In this study a geological and geotechnical city information system of Denizli city (JEO-KBS) was developed by evaluating the Project data of the Geological, Geotechnical and Hydroge...

  20. Complexity, cognition and the city

    CERN Document Server

    Portugali, Juval

    2011-01-01

    Complexity, Cognition and the City aims at a deeper understanding of urbanism, while invoking, on an equal footing, the contributions both the hard and soft sciences have made, and are still making, when grappling with the many issues and facets of regional planning and dynamics. In this work, the author goes beyond merely seeing the city as a self-organized, emerging pattern of some collective interaction between many stylized urban "agents" – he makes the crucial step of attributing cognition to his agents and thus raises, for the first time, the question on how to deal with a complex system composed of many interacting complex agents in clearly defined settings. Accordingly, the author eventually addresses issues of practical relevance for urban planners and decision makers. The book unfolds its message in a largely nontechnical manner, so as to provide a broad interdisciplinary readership with insights, ideas, and other stimuli to encourage further research – with the twofold aim of further pushing ba...

  1. Commuting in a polycentric city

    CERN Document Server

    Roth, Camille; Batty, Michael; Barthelemy, Marc

    2010-01-01

    The spatial arrangement of urban hubs and centers and how individuals interact with these centers is a crucial problem with many applications ranging from urban planning to epidemiology. We utilize here in an unprecedented manner the large scale, real-time 'Oyster' card database of individual person movements in the London subway to reveal the structure and organization of the city. We show that patterns of intraurban movement are strongly heterogeneous in terms of volume, but not in distance, and that there is a polycentric structure composed of simple flow patterns organized around a limited number of activity centers arranged in a hierarchical way. This new understanding can shed light on the impact of new urban projects on the evolution of the polycentric configuration of a city and provides an initial approach to modeling flows in an urban system.

  2. City evacuations an interdisciplinary approach

    CERN Document Server

    Binner, Jane; Branicki, Layla; Galla, Tobias; Jones, Nick; King, James; Kolokitha, Magdalini; Smyrnakis, Michalis

    2015-01-01

    Evacuating a city is a complex problem that involves issues of governance, preparedness education, warning, information sharing, population dynamics, resilience and recovery. As natural and anthropogenic threats to cities grow, it is an increasingly pressing problem for policy makers and practitioners.   The book is the result of a unique interdisciplinary collaboration between researchers in the physical and social sciences to consider how an interdisciplinary approach can help plan for large scale evacuations.  It draws on perspectives from physics, mathematics, organisation theory, economics, sociology and education.  Importantly it goes beyond disciplinary boundaries and considers how interdisciplinary methods are necessary to approach a complex problem involving human actors and increasingly complex communications and transportation infrastructures.   Using real world case studies and modelling the book considers new approaches to evacuation dynamics.  It addresses questions of complexity, not only ...

  3. Energy and urban planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian

    How can spatial planning reduce energy use in our cities? How do different geographical, regional, cultural or political contexts influence our options? How can we measure and monitor its effects? And where do we set the boundaries for the definition of action and goals? Findings from the interna......How can spatial planning reduce energy use in our cities? How do different geographical, regional, cultural or political contexts influence our options? How can we measure and monitor its effects? And where do we set the boundaries for the definition of action and goals? Findings from...... the international EU-FP7 project PLEEC (‘Planning for energy efficient cities’, 2013-2016) and spin-off projects list options and challenges....

  4. Strategic Choice of Low-carbon City Construction from the Perspective of Urban Planning:Case Study of Yinchuan,Ningxia%城市规划视角下构建低碳城市的战略选择--以宁夏银川市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于婕; 丁冬梅

    2013-01-01

    Through the explanation of low-carbon concept and the practical analysis of low-carbon city construction of Yinchuan and drawing lessons from the experience at home and broad, this article proposes scientific urban planning strategy to promote low-carbon development of Yinchuan.%文章通过对低碳概念的阐述以及对银川市进行低碳城市建设的现实分析,并借鉴国内外经验,提出科学合理的城市规划以引领银川市低碳城市的发展。

  5. Green space development in shrinking cities – opportunities and constraints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefanie Rößler

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Green space development means both a strategy and a need to cope with the spatial transformation of cities as a consequence of socio-demographic change. This paper focuses on the opportunities and challenges of planning and implementing green spaces in shrinking cities. Based on a doctoral thesis, empirical results regarding the relevance of green spaces and strategies in the process of urban restructuring will be discussed. Concerned cities develop specific framework concepts to face spatial transformation. It is assumed that in shrinking cities the influence of green spaces and as well as their significance for urban form will change. Results of case studies in shrinking cities of Eastern Germany will be discussed with regard to their strategies and the instruments facing the challenges of green space development. The presented findings might be also relevant for urban development in (partially growing cities, enhancing green space development as a part of sustainable cities.

  6. From Green Building to Low Carbon Eco-City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    After reviewing the development of energy-saving construction and green buildings in China,the author suggests that in order to develop low carbon cities in China,efforts should be put into both green buildings construction and low carbon ecologic city development.The paper divides the low-carbon ecologic cities into four categories and summarizes the experiences gained from the ecologic city development in Sino-Singapore Ecologic City in Tianjin and Caofeidian in Tangshan.In addition,it also introduces the general idea for low carbon city development in China and the particular requirements for the planning and construction,as well as the critical techniques for low carbon ecologic city development.

  7. European Strategies for Smarter Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Barresi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available On a worldwide scale, cities and regions must tackle the challenges set by the radical change in our society and in our economy, aiming to develop effective public policies and boost their managerial, evaluation and planning skills. Anyway, it is essential to put a new idea of city at the centre of the smart strategies in order to bring policies back to their former central position, since technologies alone cannot generate welfare and prosperity. Local leadership, integrated planning and a rich social fabric go hand in hand, the social capital being able to produce an added value for the cities. We are exactly in a new phase of urban growth centred on the economy of services characterized by widespread digital technologies and new innovative organization patterns, which encourage the participation in the civic policy processes through the realization of structures to share information and data so as to define intervention policies. The most recent studies and trials about innovation and competitiveness, such as the examples illustrated in the present work (Amsterdam, Paredes, Aarhus and Gent show a growing interest in measuring the relationship between innovation and economic growth at various territorial levels, key factors in conceiving inclusive smart strategies, linked to principles of sustainability and territorial cohesion, and building smarter cities. In the light of these remarks, the article is divided into three parts: the first part is focussed on the above-mentioned central issues of the international debate; the second part examines four significant European initiatives; the third part draws preliminary conclusions and directions for further research.

  8. Smart Cities and National Energy Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thellufsen, Jakob Zinck

    Energy system analysis follows two tracks, either through plans for future transitions of national energy systems, or local development of smart cities and regions. These two tracks seldom overlap. National plans neglect the local implementation of intermittent renewable technology and use of local...... resources, and smart cities and local development do not relate to national targets and fail to evaluate sub-optimization. Thus, there is a need for approaches that help researchers creating links between country analyses and local energy system transitions. This paper investigates the effects...... of such an approach, by investigating Western Denmark. By splitting Western Denmark into regions, it is possible to create individual energy systems for each region. Through interconnection, these regions can exchange electricity with each other. This enables analyses of interaction between smart cities and national...

  9. Pasadena City College SIGI Project Research Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Risser, John J.; Tulley, John E.

    The research design is presented for an evaluation of a computer based career guidance program, SIGI (System of Interactive Guidance and Information), designed by Educational Testing Service to assist community college students in improving their ability to make career decisions. The plan described is for the Pasadena City College field test--a…

  10. Modelling the energy transition in cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huber, Felix [Wuppertal Univ. (Germany). Dept. of Civil Engineering; Schwarze, Bjoern; Spiekermann, Klaus; Wegener, Michael [Spiekermann und Wegener Urban and Regional Research, Dortmund (Germany)

    2013-09-01

    The history of cities is a history of energy transitions. In the medieval city heating and cooking occurred with wood and peat. The growth of the industrial city in the 19th century was built on coal and electricity. The sprawling metropolis of the 20th century was made possible by oil and gas. How will the city of the 21st century look after the next energy transition from fossil to renewable energy? This paper reports on the extension of an urban land-use transport interaction model to a model of the energy transition in the Ruhr Area, a five-million agglomeration in Germany. The paper presents the planned model extensions and how they are to be integrated into the model and shows first preliminary results.

  11. City Car = The City Car / Andres Sevtshuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sevtshuk, Andres, 1981-

    2008-01-01

    Massachusettsi Tehnoloogiainstituudi (MIT) meedialaboratooriumi juures tegutseva Targa Linna Grupi (Smart City Group) ja General Motorsi koostööna sündinud kaheistmelisest linnasõbralikust elektriautost City Car. Nimetatud töögrupi liikmed (juht William J. Mitchell, töögruppi kuulus A. Sevtshuk Eestist)

  12. Underground space planning in Helsinki

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ilkka Vhaho

    2014-01-01

    This paper gives insight into the use of underground space in Helsinki, Finland. The city has an under-ground master plan (UMP) for its whole municipal area, not only for certain parts of the city. Further, the decision-making history of the UMP is described step-by-step. Some examples of underground space use in other cities are also given. The focus of this paper is on the sustainability issues related to urban underground space use, including its contribution to an environmentally sustainable and aesthetically acceptable landscape, anticipated structural longevity and maintaining the opportunity for urban development by future generations. Underground planning enhances overall safety and economy effi-ciency. The need for underground space use in city areas has grown rapidly since the 21st century;at the same time, the necessity to control construction work has also increased. The UMP of Helsinki reserves designated space for public and private utilities in various underground areas of bedrock over the long term. The plan also provides the framework for managing and controlling the city’s underground con-struction work and allows suitable locations to be allocated for underground facilities. Tampere, the third most populated city in Finland and the biggest inland city in the Nordic countries, is also a good example of a city that is taking steps to utilise underground resources. Oulu, the capital city of northern Finland, has also started to‘go underground’. An example of the possibility to combine two cities by an 80-km subsea tunnel is also discussed. A new fixed link would generate huge potential for the capital areas of Finland and Estonia to become a real Helsinki-Tallinn twin city.

  13. Responding to the Effects of Extreme Heat: Baltimore City's Code Red Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Jennifer L

    2016-01-01

    Heat response plans are becoming increasingly more common as US cities prepare for heat waves and other effects of climate change. Standard elements of heat response plans exist, but plans vary depending on geographic location and distribution of vulnerable populations. Because heat events vary over time and affect populations differently based on vulnerability, it is difficult to compare heat response plans and evaluate responses to heat events. This article provides an overview of the Baltimore City heat response plan, the Code Red program, and discusses the city's response to the 2012 Ohio Valley/Mid Atlantic Derecho, a complex heat event. Challenges with and strategies for evaluating the program are reviewed and shared.

  14. New Trend and Planning Research of Commercial Plan in Big City Suburbs:A Case Study of Shanghai Jiading New Town%大城市郊区新城商业发展新趋势与规划探索--基于上海嘉定新城的实践思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马璇

    2015-01-01

    The current commercial plans lay emphasis on the central city, neglecting the suburban new town. Today the role of market economy becomes increasingly important, so the commercial development of suburbs presents many new formats and trends, and deserves further attention. Based on the analysis of status and characteristics of suburbs, this article ifrstly points out its dififcult position under the current commercial plans and its new commercial trends driven by market. Secondly it summarizes the composition of crowd and the consumers’ demand. Thirdly it evaluates the commercial characteristics of suburban from size, structure, format and feature by the case of Shanghai Jiading metro area. Finally it makes suggestion on the commercial plans of suburbs from the following three aspects, namely selecting the center, enhancing the distinctive hierarchy and reifning the system, so as to provide some reference to commercial plans innovation, especially in suburban area.%当前的商业规划更多从城市整体指引网点布局,重点偏重中心城区,对于郊区新城这一特殊地区的人群与商业模式缺乏特定的考虑。在市场经济作用日益强化背景下,新城地区商业发展出现了许多新业态与趋势。在解读新城地位与特征基础上,分析了现状城市商业规划对新城的应对困境,并总结了市场主导下的新城商业新趋势和动力。接着通过大城市新城人群特征分析入手,总结出当前大城市新城特有的人群构成与消费行为需求。最后通过上海嘉定新城商业规划的实证,提出从规模、结构、业态、特色4方面对新城商业特征的评价,并从明确中心、增强特色层级、细化体系指引3方面提出了对新城商业规划实践探索,希望能为商业规划实践创新,尤其是外围新城的商业规划提供一定的启示。

  15. A Crowded City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Over 4 million vehicles on road challenge Beijing’s city management Beijing, the city once known as the kingdom of bicycles, has become clogged with automobiles, the Beijing Municipal Government Publicity Office said on December 18.

  16. Build a Green City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUYING; HAOXUE

    2005-01-01

    MA'ANSHAN,dubbed ""City of Iron and Steel,""is on the south bank of the Yangtze River in eastern Anhui Province, bordering Jiangsu Province. One of the city's most impressive features is its clean environment.

  17. Transformations in identity, governance and planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    James, Katie; Thompson-Fawcett, Michelle; Hansen, Carsten Jahn

    2016-01-01

    and planning can unfold in smaller cities by scrutinising the New Zealand city of Invercargill. The city underwent metamorphosis from a faded town with a negative image to one that has a new path despite isolation and small population. Leadership, networking and innovation have been key factors. The paper......Cities that have transformed in response to socio-economic crises are a focus of theorists interested in identifying why changes are triggered and how they are played out. Stories of success add to knowledge of ‘fruitful’ city functioning. This paper examines how transformations in urban governance...

  18. The Creative Cities Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The Creative Cities Network, started by UNESCO in 2004, is one of the world’s highest-level non-governmental organizations in creative industry. The network focuses on the excellence of its member cities as its main product, and finds ways to maintain relevance in city life, local economy

  19. Revisiting city connectivity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mans, U.

    2014-01-01

    This article introduces a new perspective on city connectivity in order to analyze non-hub cities and their position in the world economy. The author revisits the different approaches discussed in the Global Commodity Chains (GCC), Global Production Networks (GPN) and World City Network (WCN) discou

  20. The Meaning of the Global City: Jacques Ellul's Continued Relevance to 21st-Century Urbanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toly, Noah

    2012-01-01

    Jacques Ellul's book, "The Meaning of the City," widely recognized as one of the most important twentieth century theological reflections on the city, was also one of his most controversial scholarly contributions. Many urbanists interpreted the book as demeaning the city and diminishing the importance of urban policy, planning, design,…

  1. Indian Solar Cities Programme: An Overview of Major Activities and Accomplishments; Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kandt, A.

    2012-05-01

    This paper details the Indian Solar City Programme, provides an overview of one city's Master Plan and implementation progress, describes NREL's support of the Indian Solar City Programme, and outlines synergies and differences between the Indian and American programs including unique challenges and opportunities India is facing.

  2. AS A DIFFERENCE ALTERNATIVE TO DELIVER CONFLICTS IN CITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Teixeira de Campos Júnior

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available It discusses a distinct concept of cities, different from the ones based on common sense which admit that the cities have problems either because the werent planned or because they were planned wrongly. It shows that this concept does not have conceptual sustentation. It takes as a reference the concepts of cities which give privilege to the presentation of the interests and conflicts that involved the city’s construction, and offers possibilities to alternative ways for the administration of these conflicts which are always presente in urban centers.

  3. The Planning Research of Zhaoqing City Water System and Water Landscape Based on Respecting Nature and History——An Example from Zhaoqing Ancient River to the"Sapphire Necklace"%基于尊重自然和历史的肇庆市城市水系与水景观规划研究——从肇庆的古河道到"蓝宝石项链"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟国庆; 陈学年

    2011-01-01

    Based on the background of city planning problems in Zhaoqing, and by reviewing frontier theories and cases of landscape planning in the world, the formation of ancient rivers of Zhaoqing, and the process of the ancient river becoming urban wetland are analyzed.The landscape value of water system and culture, and the significance of protection are studied.Ideas and plans to protect and utilize the wetland water system are presented.The plan of building Zhaoqing's "sapphire necklace" is of great importance for Zhaoqing to build itself into a livable city, develop leisure and tourism and improve the ecological environment, which will set an example for other cities.%基于肇庆市城市规划中存在的问题的背景,分析肇庆古河道的形成、古河道变成城市湿地的过程.研究水系的景观和文化价值,以及保护的意义,提出保护和利用湿地水系的心路与方案,规划肇庆的"蓝宝石项链",对建设肇庆成为宜居城市、发展休闲旅游和改善生态环境有重大意义,且对我国其他城市的建设也有借鉴意义.

  4. TERRITORIAL NETWORKS AND PLANNING: LAND PLANNING IN METROPOLITAN BILBAO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eunice Helena Sguizzardi Abascal

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The present article argues that the territorial planning is nowadays fundamental instrument to the definition of strategic areas of opportunity, and also, articulating instrument of distinct territory scales (from local to regional. It is restored the importance of distinct levels of planning, listed in chain, of a more general level of regional coverage to specific and local levels. It is demonstrated the importance of this articulation not only for dealing with urgencies in the intra-urban territory ordering to promote the compact city, but also, to develop cities and regions, enhancing the implementation of decentralized and solidary supply chains that characterize a network organization. It is proposed that, the planning instruments and strategic ordering of the territory, aimed at decentralization and creation of new towns or focusing on the redevelopment and recycling of uses and activities in cities and regions in decline with degraded areas, allowing decisions of strategic importance that determine lines, axes and opportunity areas, targets of economic, and social development, and therefore it starts to concentrate investment in infrastructure, serving to enhance the implementation of urban network centers and supply chains, which benefits with the larger planning of urban and regional territory. Because of it, the analysis object is the strategic territorial planning that has been developed and implemented specifically in Spain, underlying plans and actions of urban regeneration, as exemplified by the process is still ongoing in the city of Bilbao, the region north of the country.

  5. Excavation of City-walls of Sui-Tang Luoyang City in 1995~1997%隋唐洛阳城城垣1995~1997年发掘简报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    中国社会科学院考古研究所洛阳唐城队

    2003-01-01

    In 1995~1997, the Tang Luoyang City Archaeological Team of IA, CASS, excavated within the palace city on the site of Sui-Tang Luoyang City. They revealed the southern palace-city wall, the eastern and western walls of the west partitioned city, the eastern wall of the east partitioned city, the southern wall of the Xuanwu City, and the eastern and western walls of the east city. The results show that the palace-city walls can be divided into two phases and the palace-city of Sui-Tang Luoyang was built at least twice, and that the walls of the partitioned cities are thinner, ordinary partitions. The discoveries provided important material data for clarifying the plan layout of the palace-city of Sui-Tang Luoyang and its changes.

  6. Problems in Planning M anagement System of Beautiful Country Construction in Panji District,Huainan City and the Suggestions%淮南市潘集区美好乡村建设规划管理体系中的问题与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄冬; 周裕钧

    2014-01-01

    Through reviewing the history of village planning management system in China ,the prob-lems in village planning management in Panji District ,Huainan City are analyzed ,including the im-perfect legal system ,the complex planning system ,the weak planning management at grass-roots lev-el ,the lack of citizen participation ,the shortage of capital investment ,the lack of post-maintenance and feedback mechanisms and so on .Then the framework of village planning management system is constructed ,and the corresponding suggestions are proposed ,including the optimization of the plan-ning system ,the establishment of village planning committee ,the construction of the mode of village establishment and tow n approval ,the integration of planning management and land management ,the dispatch of tow n planning administrator , the expansion of financing channels , the development of post-maintenance funds safeguard mechanism ,the enhancement of public participation ,the establish-ment of fast feedback channel of information ,etc .%通过梳理我国村庄规划管理体系建设的历史沿革,深入分析潘集区村庄规划管理中存在的法律体系不健全、规划体系雍冗、基层规划管理力量薄弱、村民参与度低、资金投入不足、缺乏后期维护、缺少反馈机制等问题,初步构建了村庄规划管理体系的框架,并基于此框架提出了优化规划体系、成立村民规划委员会、建立村编制-镇审批模式、整合规划管理与土地管理、派遣村镇规划管理员、拓宽资金渠道、制定后期维护资金保障机制、提高公众参与程度、建立信息快速反馈通道等建议。

  7. Definition of Smart Energy City and State of the art of 6 Transform cities using Key Performance Indicators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Per Sieverts; Ben Amer, Sara; Halsnæs, Kirsten

    2013-01-01

    assets, ambitions, targets and main possibilities in terms of energy efficiency, flows and energy production. After this first step, the work focuses on the description of what a smart energy city is (this report), what the main Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) are that should be met and how...... this relates to where the current cities and the living labs are. It describes at the same time the current status of city planning, energy planning tools, and existing energy data. The outline should also include information on energy production, energy flows and energy efficiency, where possible. The work...

  8. 基于高分辨率遥感影像的城市规划违法监管系统的研究%The Research of City Planning Illegal Surveillance System Based on High-resolution Remote Sensing Image

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡志超; 张鸿儒

    2015-01-01

    This article first introduces the function of the high-resolution remote sensing image in city planning ille-gal surveillance,and then combined with the remote sensing data of ChangSha six district in 2011 August and December . This paper introduces a kind of automatic extraction method of the building structure anomaly map spot by using ratio method. The process of building structure anomaly map spot extraction,remote sensing image ratio method,change detec-tion band and percentage change identified key technology are emphatically introduced. Finally,summarizes the construc-tion and operation of City Planning Illegal Surveillance System of Changsha city.%阐述了高分辨率遥感影像在城市规划违法建设项目监管中的作用,以长沙市内六区2011年8月和12月两期遥感影像数据为例,介绍了一种采用图像比值法自动提取构建筑物异常图斑的方法,其中对构建筑物异常图斑提取流程,遥感影像图像比值法,变化检测波段及变化百分比的确定等关键技术着重进行了论述。最后概述了长沙市城市规划违法监管信息系统建设和运行使用情况。

  9. Paradigms, Power, and PR in New York City: Assessing Two School Accountability Implementation Efforts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peck, Craig

    2014-01-01

    This policy study critically compares two different efforts to implement an accountability system in the New York City public schools. In 1971, the New York City Board of Education contracted with the Educational Testing Service (ETS), which created a lengthy accountability plan for the district. Fitful maneuvers to execute the ETS plan fizzled…

  10. Me, the City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin Lidin

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The search for identity of cities looks rather urgent and attracts attention of many researchers. Addressing this issue, the article draws an analogy between a human person and a city. Like a city, a human being needs to comprehend his self-identity in order to resist depressive tendencies. It is shown that a person’s depressive symptoms are similar to those of cities. The city identity necessary to resist depression can be searched for both historically and geographically. The historical aspect consists of local myths and legends about the city and the citizens. The geographical aspect of identity comprises features of the terrain, climate, flora and fauna of the region where the city is located.

  11. 浙江省温州市土地利用总体规划环境影响预警系统的构建%Construction of Early-Warning System for Environmental Impact of Land Use Planning in Wenzhou City,Zhejiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程娟

    2011-01-01

    A new round of National Land Use Planning requires environmental impact assessment of the municipal land use planning. This paper introduces the environmental impact assessment process of overall planning of land use in Wenzhou City and analyzes the problem of neglecting supervision of the planning implementation process. Referring to the related researches,the paper puts forward the idea that constructing an early-warning system for environmental impact of land use planning based on the ecological service value method is an important approach to solving the problem, and designs the entire frame and subsystems, believing that the early-warning system for environmental impact of land use planning will be of great significance for the development of ecology, economy and society.%新一轮全国土地利用总体规划要求对市级以上土地利用总体规划进行环境影响评价.通过分析温州市土地利用总体规划环境影响评价过程,提出其规划过程缺乏过程监管的现状.在参考相关研究的基础上,提出建立基于生态服务价值法构建土地利用总体规划环境影响预警系统是解决问题的重要途径,并对预警系统的总体架构和子系统进行了设计.该系统对实现环境友好的、可持续的土地利用模式,以达到生态、社会、经济的全面发展具有重要意义.

  12. CDC Updates Spending Plans to Combat Zika

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 161541.html CDC Updates Spending Plans to Combat Zika Some goals: prepare states for future outbreaks, and ... dollars to prepare states and cities for future Zika virus outbreaks, and to track the effects of ...

  13. Exploration on City Rivers's Function Returning from "Edge Line"to "Public Link"——A Case Study of Ecological Green Corridor Planning of Chuan Yang River%城市河流从“边缘界线”回归“公共纽带”的探索——以川杨河生态绿廊建设规划研究为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑德福

    2012-01-01

    City rivers that carrying the urban's prosperity and decline was the important dependency to urban development.However,now in many cities,city rivers are neglected gradually in the urban planning,especially the main rivers with regional significance,are treated as "edge line" that no one cares about,and become closed and negative corridor space.In case of the construction study on ecological green corridor of Chuan Yang River,the paper not only analyzes the deep reason that urban rivers are being marginalized,from the role evolution and current status of city rivers,but also explores planning practice about city rivers function reviving and returning to city life from the perspective of "public link".%城市河流曾是城市发展的重要依赖,承载着城市的兴衰使命。而当前许多城市中,城市河流在规划中逐渐被忽视,尤其是具有区域性意义的主干河流,成为无人问津的"边缘界线",沦为封闭而消极的廊道空间。以川杨河生态绿廊的建设研究为例,从城市河流的角色演变和现状问题出发,分析城市河流被边缘化的深层原因,并从"公共纽带"的视角来探讨城市河流功能复兴和回归城市生活的规划实践。

  14. City Carbon Footprint Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guangwu Chen

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Progressive cities worldwide have demonstrated political leadership by initiating meaningful strategies and actions to tackle climate change. However, the lack of knowledge concerning embodied greenhouse gas (GHG emissions of cities has hampered effective mitigation. We analyse trans-boundary GHG emission transfers between five Australian cities and their trading partners, with embodied emission flows broken down into major economic sectors. We examine intercity carbon footprint (CF networks and disclose a hierarchy of responsibility for emissions between cities and regions. Allocations of emissions to households, businesses and government and the carbon efficiency of expenditure have been analysed to inform mitigation policies. Our findings indicate that final demand in the five largest cities in Australia accounts for more than half of the nation’s CF. City households are responsible for about two thirds of the cities’ CFs; the rest can be attributed to government and business consumption and investment. The city network flows highlight that over half of emissions embodied in imports (EEI to the five cities occur overseas. However, a hierarchy of GHG emissions reveals that overseas regions also outsource emissions to Australian cities such as Perth. We finally discuss the implications of our findings on carbon neutrality, low-carbon city concepts and strategies and allocation of subnational GHG responsibility.

  15. Study of Model of Grey Decision Making to Choose Leading Industry of Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JinglongZhang; GuangyongChen; WeiGuo; GangXie

    2004-01-01

    The Leading industry influences the economic development of one city. This paper establishes a decision factor system of choosing leading industry of cities, applies related decision theory in Grey System and invents the procedure of choosing leading industry, which achieved a good practical effect. Afterwards, the city Tianmen acclaims the dress industry as Leading Industry in its "The Tenth Five-Year Plan for Economic and Social Development of City TianMen".

  16. Outdoor thermal environmental research of the mountainous city by GIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The study of urban outdoor thermal environment was carried out in one of the mountainous cities by using geography information system(GIS) technique which is connected with predicting and evaluating models for the outdoor thermal environment, monitoring data and simulating data. A prediction and evaluation system were set up.A typical mountainous city, i. e. , Yunyang city in Chongqing in China, was taken as an example, its urbanization trend and population growth was predicted and evaluated. The heat island intensity and its trend were simulated, the temperature field, velocity field and the humidity field were analyzed. The results show that GIS is an effective tool to deal with the outdoor thermal environment, especially for the mountainous cities with special geographical particularities. GIS can be used in the environmental management and the city planning especially for the mountainous cities.

  17. The scaling of income inequality in cities

    CERN Document Server

    Sarkar, Somwrita; Simpson, Roderick; Wasnik, Sachin

    2015-01-01

    Developing a scientific understanding of cities in a fast urbanizing world is essential for planning sustainable urban systems. Recently, it was shown that income and wealth creation follow increasing returns, scaling superlinearly with city size. We study scaling of per capita incomes for separate census defined income categories against population size for the whole of Australia. Across several urban area definitions, we find that lowest incomes grow just linearly or sublinearly ($\\beta = 0.94$ to $1.00$), whereas highest incomes grow superlinearly ($\\beta = 1.00$ to $1.21$), with total income just superlinear ($\\beta = 1.03$ to $1.05$). These findings support the earlier finding: the bigger the city, the richer the city. But, we also see an emergent metric of inequality: the larger the population size and densities of a city, higher incomes grow more quickly than lower, suggesting a disproportionate agglomeration of incomes in the highest income categories in big cities. Because there are many more people ...

  18. Recent developments in healthy city design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    StephenS.YLAU; K.W.CHAU; DanielC.W.HO

    2003-01-01

    This paper reviews the recent developments in programs and tools for healthy city design with special reference to densely populated cities. The research agenda that underpin the development of these programs and tools are also discussed. The review shows that progress in healthy city design must be built upon theories that explains the relationship between the hardware and software of city at all levels (such as urban landscape, planning, building design, development density, infrastructure, traffic management, building management etc) and the physical and mental well being of its citizens. Since data on the latter is often difficult to come by, observable factors that are known to have a direct bearing on human health conditions such as air quality, water quality, noise level, thermal comfort etc are used instead. The discovery of these theories requires knowledge from different fields and thus calls for a multidisciplinary approach. In addition, many recent programs and tools for healthy city design also aim at resolving implementation issues. Resolving these issues is often the key to building a healthy city.

  19. 基于智慧城市时空信息云平台的广州智慧城乡规划实施研究%Research on the Implementation of Smart Urban-Rural Planning in Guangzhou Based on the Spatiotemporal Information Cloud Platform for Smart City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王俊

    2015-01-01

    Based on the E-government cloud platform of Supercomputer Center, the city of Guangzhou launched the construction of spatial and temporal database, development of cloud platform and improvement of its support environment. This is witnessed by some pioneering works especially in the field of smart urban-rural planning, including the provision of spatial and temporal information resources service, construction of information interaction platform for the "integration of three plans", analysis on the mobility of people based on mobile information in the project of Smart Guangzhou. These will contribute to the advancement of smart urban-rural planning, the exploration of construction modes, sharing modes and service modes of spatial and temporal information cloud platform for smart cities.%广州市基于超算中心电子政务云平台,开展时空数据建设、时空信息云平台开发、支撑环境完善,尤其在城乡规划领域开展时空一体的信息资源服务建设、"三规合一"信息联动平台、基于移动信令分析的智慧广州人流管理研究等典型应用试点工作,推进智慧城乡规划,探索智慧城市时空信息云平台的建设模式、共享模式和服务模式.

  20. 上海市住宅建筑被动式节能规划通风设计%On passive energy-saving planning ventilation design of residential buildings in Shanghai City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾佳华; 孙建梅; 王乾; 完颜郡; 陈豪

    2015-01-01

    Combining with the climatic conditions in Shanghai City,the paper undertakes the numeric simulation of the wind environment and wind loading based on Fluent software,and explores the optimal channels for the passive residential natural ventilation in the city,so as to im-prove the wind environment in indoor living and create the comfortable indoor activity space.%结合上海市的气候条件,基于Fluent软件为平台,对风环境和风荷载进行了数值模拟,探讨上海市被动式住宅自然通风的优化途径,以有效改善室内居住的风环境,创造舒适的室内活动空间。