WorldWideScience

Sample records for city planning

  1. University City Core Plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philadelphia City Planning Commission, PA.

    A redevelopment plan for an urban core area of about 300 acres was warranted by--(1) unsuitable building conditions, (2) undesirable land usage, and (3) faulty traffic circulation. The plan includes expansion of two universities and creation of a regional science center, high school, and medical center. Guidelines for proposed land use and zoning…

  2. The Politics of City Planning Simulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolson, Kenneth

    This research paper presents an analysis of the computer simulation, SimCity, used for an urban city planning class. The data were gathered by actual use of the simulation and an electronic mail network was employed to secure impressions from users of the simulation. SimCity (developed by Maxis) provides the player with rules of human factors,…

  3. Scenario planning for the Edinburgh city region

    OpenAIRE

    Docherty, I.W.; McKiernan, P

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the application of scenario planning techniques to the detailed and daunting challenge of city re-positioning when policy makers are faced with a heavy history and a complex future context. It reviews a process of scenario planning undertaken in the Edinburgh city region, exploring the scenario process and its contribution to strategies and policies for city repositioning. Strongly rooted in the recent literature on urban and regional economic development, the text outline...

  4. Bioclimate and city planning - open space planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mertens, Elke

    The planning and using of open spaces in urban areas very much depend on the shading of the surrounding building structures. This article presents a method for the investigation of the sunlight and the bioclimatic conditions in dependence on the surrounding buildings. It is illustrated for typical courtyards in Berlin, Germany, as one type of open spaces. The programme HelioDat determines the shading of any spot of an open space. It gives the possible duration of direct sunlight for the selected spot for each day of the year. The sunlight conditions in the courtyards differ from one another a lot in dependence on their size the tallness of the surrounding buildings. The calculation of the PMV on the basis of the results of the programme HelioDat determine the bioclimatic situation in the discussed courtyards. Although the results of HelioDat are only one input among the weather conditions and the personal characteristics of the test-person, the bioclimatic conditions correlate very much with the sunlight conditions. In a projected building structure, the sunlight conditions vary a lot between the present situation and the two architectural alternatives. Since the bioclimatic situation is correlated to the sunlight conditions, this example demonstrates the importance for the investigation of the sunlight conditions and the bioclimate already during the planning process of buildings.

  5. Flexible planning strategies of sustainable city development

    OpenAIRE

    Živković Milica; Jovanović Goran; Kondić Slaviša

    2014-01-01

    Recognizing the uncertainty of future city development is the basic starting point of sustainable urban planning. Flexibility in design enables the development of “age-friendly cities”, reducing the risks of functional failures caused by changing living circumstances. Planning strategies that enable adaptation of the system to changing environmental, functional, social and technological conditions are essential to the long service life and the resilience of...

  6. Planning for Resource Efficient Cities [Guest Editorial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje

    2016-01-01

    development from energy consumption are crucial for a city’s future vulnerability and resilience against changes in general resource availability. The challenge gets further complex, as resource and energy efficiency in a city is deeply interwoven with other aspects of urban development such as social...... structures and the geographical context. As cities are the main consumer of energy and resources, they are both problem and solution to tackle issues of energy efficiency and saving. Cities have been committed to this agenda, especially to meet the national and international energy targets. Increasingly......, cities act as entrepreneurs of new energy solutions acknowledging that efficient monitoring of energy and climate policies has become important to urban branding and competitiveness. This special issue presents findings from the European FP7 project ‘Planning for Energy Efficient Cities’ (PLEEC...

  7. City marketing: online communication plan for the city of Lisbon

    OpenAIRE

    Altrichter, Benjamin

    2011-01-01

    Mestrado em Marketing City Marketing represents marketing efforts of cities in order to attract more visitors. Today, we are confronted everyday with marketing campaigns in all different communication media promoting countries, cities or events. Cities are competing for visitors on a global scale, forcing them to adapt successful marketing strategies for gaining and retaining costumers. Yet, City Marketing still remains an unknown chapter for a big part of the general public an...

  8. CUA-IUAES: Dreamed/Planned Cities and Experienced Cities

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Beranská, Veronika

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 101, č. 4 (2014), s. 487-488. ISSN 0009-0794 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : city * urban space * urban anthropology Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology , Ethnology Impact factor: 0.094, year: 2012

  9. Climate change adaptation planning in large cities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Araos, Malcolm; Berrang-Ford, Lea; Ford, James D.; Austin, Stephanie E.; Biesbroek, Robbert; Lesnikowski, Alexandra

    2016-01-01

    Cities globally face significant risks from climate change, and are taking an increasingly active role in formulating and implementing climate change adaptation policy. However, there are few, if any, global assessments of adaptation taking place across cities. This study develops and applies a f

  10. European and Italian experience of Smart Cities: A model for the smart planning of city built

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Starlight Vattano

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The construction of the city through smart measures is now a frontier reached from many cities in the world. The built environment requires smart planning able to relate urban realities that are relegated to a marginal change. But how does the smart cities can create a relationship between sustainable cities of the future and their heritage? The article highlights the way of smart urban transformation of reality European and Italian proposing critical comparisons from which to infer smart parameters most used and easy to apply for the sustainable construction of these smart cities focusing on the urban sources of intelligent retrieval for quality their historical and cultural heritage.

  11. The risk city cities countering climate change : emerging planning theories and practices around the world

    CERN Document Server

    Jabareen, Yosef

    2015-01-01

    Contemporary cities face phenomenal risks, and they face particularly high levels of mounting social and environmental risks, including social polarization, urban conflicts, riots, terror, and climate change threats. This book suggests that climate change and its resulting uncertainties challenge the concepts, procedures, and scope of conventional approaches to planning, creating a need to rethink and revise current planning methods. Therefore, this book suggests a paradigm shift in our thinking, interrogation, and planning of our cities. Based on the contemporary conditions of risk at cities

  12. Note: The PLEEC Project – Planning for Energy Efficient Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kullman, Mikael; Campillo, Javier; Dahlquist, Erik; Fertner, Christian; Giffinger, Rudolf; Große, Juliane; Groth, Niels Boje; Haindlmaier, Gudrun; Kunnasvirta, Annika; Strohmayer, Florian; Haselberger, Julia

    Globally, more than 50% of all people are living in cities today. Enhancing sustainability and efficiency of urban energy systems is thus of high priority for global sustainable development. The European research project PLEEC (Planning for Energy Efficient Cities) focuses on technological...

  13. Planning Urban Food Production into Today's Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Jenkins, Andy; Keefe, Greg; Hall, Natalie

    2015-01-01

    If cities are to become more sustainable and resilient to change it is likely that they will have to engage with food at increasingly localised levels, in order to reduce their dependency on global systems. With 87 percent of people in developed regions estimated to be living in cities by 2050 it can be assumed that the majority of this localised production will occur in and around cities. As part of a 12 month engagement, Queen’s University Belfast designed and implemented an elevated aquapo...

  14. Note: The PLEEC Project – Planning for Energy Efficient Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kullman, Mikael; Campillo, Javier; Dahlquist, Erik;

    2016-01-01

    , innovative, behavioural and structural capacities of European medium-sized cities in their transition towards Energy Smart Cities. The variation of strengths and weaknesses of cities’ capabilities as well as practices and tools for enhancing energy efficient performance of urban energy systems were......Globally, more than 50% of all people are living in cities today. Enhancing sustainability and efficiency of urban energy systems is thus of high priority for global sustainable development. The European research project PLEEC (Planning for Energy Efficient Cities) focuses on technological...

  15. City-Level Energy Decision Making. Data Use in Energy Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation in U.S. Cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aznar, Alexandra [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Day, Megan [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Doris, Elizabeth [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Mathur, Shivani [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Donohoo-Vallett, Paul [U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

    2015-07-08

    The Cities-LEAP technical report, City-Level Energy Decision Making: Data Use in Energy Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation in U.S. Cities, explores how a sample of cities incorporates data into making energy-related decisions. This report provides the foundation for forthcoming components of the Cities-LEAP project that will help cities improve energy decision making by mapping specific city energy or climate policies and actions to measurable impacts and results.

  16. Annual Conference of China City Planning 2011 Held in Nanjing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>On Sept. 20, 2010, the three-day Annual Conference of China City Planning 2011 was launched in the Nanjing International Expo Center, which was co-hosted by the Urban Planning Society of China (UPSC) and Nanjing Municipal Government, in collaboration with Department of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of

  17. Usability Improvements of City Plan in PDA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Župan

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows and examines suggestions for improving PDAs in combination with maps of urban areas for a pedestrian tourist using a PDA in an unknown city. Improvements were programmed in Visual Basic and customized for use with PDA with maximum automation.

  18. Sustainable Land-use Planning of Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>1.IntroductionChina is now amid rapid urbanization,which,no matter in terms of scale or speed,is unprecedented in the human history.The history of urban development shows that the sustainability of a city is actually determined in the early stage of its

  19. Soft Space Planning in Cities unbound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Kristian

    This paper analyses contemporary experiments of building governance capacity in new soft spaces in Denmark through processes of spatial strategy-making. The paper argues that new soft spaces are emerging in Danish spatial planning, which set out to promote more effective forms of strategic spatial...... critical questions about whether the normative arguments in the soft space literature are unfounded, or whether the significance of soft spaces is simply overrated in the planning literature. Furthermore, it is argued that critical attention needs to be paid to the prevalence of soft spaces in spatial...... planning, and how their obsession with promoting economic development at the expense of wider planning responsibilities support contemporary neoliberal transformations of strategic spatial planning....

  20. Strategic Planning Approaches for Creating Resilient Cities: A Case Study on Hangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu; Dan; Hua; Chen

    2015-01-01

    In the twenty-first century, the population in China will be increasingly urbanized – focusing the sustainability challenge on cities and raising new challenges to address the urban resilience capacity. During the past two decades, China’s urban policies are state institution-directed, growth-oriented, and land-based, imposing unprecedented challenges on sustainability. Strengthening the capacity of cities to manage resilience appears to be a key factor for cities to effectively pursue sustainable development. The aim of this paper is to explore strategic planning approaches for creating resilient cities in China through a study on Hangzhou City in an integrated framework. Firstly, the paper gives a systematic insight into the structure of Hangzhou City. Secondly, the development trajectory of the urban system is analyzed to understand how the past has shaped the present and to get a broader perspective on its evolution. Thirdly, scenario planning is conducted to explore the adaptive capacity of Hangzhou City under different future conditions. At last, having analyzed the past, present, and future of the urban system, the paper discusses the strategies for resilient planning, which helps to identify factors and trends that might enhance or inhabit the adaptability.

  1. Fast and robust generation of city scale urban ground plan

    OpenAIRE

    Lien, JM; Camelli, F; Wong, WSD

    2011-01-01

    Since the introduction of the concept of Digital Earth, almost every major international city has been re-constructed in the virtual world. A large volume of geometric models describing urban objects has become freely available in public domain via software like Google Earth. Although mostly created for visualization, these urban models can benefit many applications beyond visualization including video games, city scale evacuation plan, traffic simulation and earth phenomenon simulations. ...

  2. A Low Carbon City Action Plan for one of China’s Low Carbon Pilot Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakutyte-Walangitang D.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In Chinese cities urbanization, industrialization and a changing life style of the population are driving growing energy consumption in buildings, industries and transportation and an increase in CO2 emissions. Facing these challenges, the National Development and Reform Commission has recognised an urgent need for transformation and designated 8 Cities and 5 Provinces in China to pioneer the planning and implementation of concrete low carbon measures, aiming to decrease the CO2 intensity of the economic development, to increase the energy efficiency of urban systems and to improve the quality of life in growing urban regions. In this context, a Sino-Austrian cooperation has been initiated between the Development and Reform Commission of Nanchang, one of the 8 selected Low Carbon Pilot Cities, and the Austrian Institute of Technology to develop a comprehensive set of Low Carbon City Measures and a Low Carbon City Action Plan, proposing specific technological and non-technological measures and concrete actions, capable of introducing important impulses targeting the increase of energy efficiency and the reduction of CO2 emissions in Nanchang. A team of experts has developed an integrated Low Carbon City Action Plan, including sectors such as buildings, energy supply and consumption, industries, transportation, agriculture and urban planning.

  3. Astronomy and City Planning in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pankenier, David W.

    By the beginning of the formative period of Chinese civilization in the early second millennium BCE, astronomical knowledge was already being applied to the cardinal orientation of cities and monumental architecture. This focus is most strongly manifested in the symbolic orientation of imperial capitals. Beginning with the First Emperor of Qin's creation of the unified empire in 221 BCE, a traditional linkage between the ruler and the supra-visible power located at the Celestial Pole led to even greater focus on architectural conformity with the circumpolar skyscape.

  4. A City for All Citizens: Integrating Children and Youth from Marginalized Populations into City Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willem Van Vliet

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Socially just, intergenerational urban spaces should not only accommodate children and adolescents, but engage them as participants in the planning and design of welcoming spaces. With this goal, city agencies in Boulder, Colorado, the Boulder Valley School District, the Children, Youth and Environments Center at the University of Colorado, and a number of community organizations have been working in partnership to integrate young people’s ideas and concerns into the redesign of parks and civic areas and the identification of issues for city planning. Underlying their work is a commitment to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and children’s rights to active citizenship from a young age. This paper describes approaches used to engage with young people and methods of participation, and reflects on lessons learned about how to most effectively involve youth from underrepresented populations and embed diverse youth voices into the culture of city planning.

  5. Planning Energy Efficient and Livable Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Energy Sector Management Assistance Program

    2014-01-01

    The world's urban population is expected to increase by about 2.7 billion by 2050.Virtually all of the increased population will be in developing countries, leading to massive needs for new and improved housing and urban infrastructures (UNDESA 2012). The planning and design of these new developments will reshape or create new urban landscapes with significant implications for energy consu...

  6. Rehabilitating camp cities : community driven planning for urbanised refugee camps

    OpenAIRE

    Misselwitz, Philipp

    2009-01-01

    Focussing on Palestine refugee camps in the Near East, this dissertation aims to shed light on the potential relevance of urban planning to refugee camp environments worldwide. In particular, there is a focus on the role architects and urban planners can play in facilitating participatory planning processes as well as providing guidance and expertise in the development of a spatial vision for Camp Cities. Part I - The Urbanisation of Refugee Camps as a Global Challenge The first part o...

  7. Using GIS for Retail Planning in Jeddah City

    OpenAIRE

    Abdulkader A. Murad

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this paper was to identify the possibilities of using Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in retail planning field. A spatial database was created for one major retail center called Cornaish center in Jeddah city, Saudi Arabia. The results of the GIS analysis covers three retail planning issues called Proximity to retail center, retail demand characteristics and spatial interaction between retail demand and supply.

  8. Geothermal energy systems plan for Boise City

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-01-01

    This is a plan for development of a downtown Boise geothermal district space heating system incorporating legal, engineering, organizational, geological, and economic requirements. Topics covered include: resource characteristics, system design and feasibility, economic feasibility, legal overview, organizational alternatives, and conservation. Included in appendices are: property ownership patterns on the Boise Front, existing hot well data, legal briefs, environmental data, decision point communications, typical building heating system retrofit schematics, and background assumptions and data for cost summary. (MHR)

  9. Comment and response document for the long-term surveillance plan for the Falls City Disposal Site, Falls City, Texas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document contains the comments made by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission on the Department of Energy's (DOE) Long-Term Surveillance Plan for the Falls City Disposal Site, Falls City, Texas. DOE's responses to the comments are also included

  10. City and Energy Infrastructures between Economic Processes and Urban Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Mazzeo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the issues related to the relationship between city, energy, economic factors and city planning. These issues are analyzed from a theoretical point of view and are placed in a logical path based on three assumptions. The first considers the city as an intelligent system constantly evolving. The second considers the city as a system where economic processes come out at their highest level affecting other aspects of social and urban structure. The third considers the planning as the weak link in the process of urban development, one of the most exposed to economic and social pressures.Energy production has experienced a great progress since steam and electricity were discovered. Each stage of this evolution has affected city and territory introducing significant physical signs, changing the ways of carrying out functions and creating new needs and new activities. The energy revolution, based on sustainable sources and on skillful management of the networks, will strongly affect the city and the way of organizing the activities, their location, dimension, and the shape of the spaces.The paper explores some of the issues related to the relationship between urban system and energy.The first section analyzes the meaning of the intelligent city as an entity that is constantly changing and constantly adapting. The second section analyzes the role of the energy systems in the evolution of the activities and of the city’s image. The last section investigates the role of the economic factors in the evolution of the shape and meaning of city, pointing out that the way towards smart and green urban systems will largely depend on their economic advantage. 

  11. Venturing into unknown territory: Strategic spatial planning in post-communist cities

    OpenAIRE

    Sasha Tsenkova

    2011-01-01

    Recent planning practice in post-communist cities indicates a growing interest in strategic spatial planning. In their search for new planning paradigms and more flexible approaches to city planning, municipalities in post-communist cities have embraced strategic planning as a way to involve residents, the business community and various stakeholders in defining a vision for the future. Drawing on the experience of six capital cities – Prague, St Petersburg, Vilnius, Sofia, Budapest and Riga –...

  12. Plan for city identity establishment and city marketing - the case of Kimpo city

    OpenAIRE

    Kim Inn

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to provide theoretical methods and practical strategies of crea-ting city identity, and to utilize them as basic tools of city management. Place marketing consists of two parts, place assets making and place promotion. Place asset making is the process of making the place-specific advantage or attractiveness and the place promotion is the process that makes notice of it. The place marketing debates and strategies is quite often confined to partial place marketing,...

  13. The Role of Tourism in Planning the Smart City

    OpenAIRE

    Rosa Anna La Rocca

    2014-01-01

    The article starts from the consideration that tourism, for the size it has assumed and for its role in the economies, can be considered an "urban phenomenon"; as such, it needs adequate governance processes, politics and tools in order to reduce impacts on the organization of cities and urban livability in general. The emerging paradigm of “Smart City” is an opportunity to reconsider the current mechanisms of government and planning of the cities, but it needs a holistic approach that goes b...

  14. Conservation for cities how to plan and build natural infrastructure

    CERN Document Server

    McDonald, Robert I

    2015-01-01

    With this book, Robert McDonald offers a comprehensive framework for maintaining and strengthening the supporting bonds between cities and nature through innovative infrastructure projects. It's time to think differently about cities and nature. More people than ever live in cities, and all of this urban growth, along with challenges of adapting to climate change, will require a new approach to infrastructure if we're going to create livable urban places. After presenting a broad approach to incorporating natural infrastructure priorities into urban planning, he focuses each following chapter on a specific ecosystem service. He describes a wide variety of benefits, and helps practitioners answer fundamental questions about how to use natural infrastructure to create communities that are more resilient and livable.

  15. Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Planning in African Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Gertrud; Herslund, Lise Byskov; Lund, Dorthe Hedensted;

    2014-01-01

    Resilience of urban structures towards impacts of a changing climate is one of the emerging tasks that cities all over the world are facing at present. Effects of climate change take many forms, depending on local climate, spatial patterns, and socioeconomic structures. Cities are only just begin...... they need integration at city level to form strategic adaptation plans. A combined rational and pragmatic approach is advisable as is involvement of stakeholders in the production of relevant knowledge...... beginning to be aware of the task, and some time will pass before it is integrated into mainstream urban governance. This chapter is based on work in progress. It covers urban governance and planning aspects of climate change adaptation as studied in the CLUVA project (CLimate change and Urban Vulnerability...... in Africa), as well as some experiences from Denmark. Focus is on the responses and capacities of urban authorities, strengths and weaknesses of the efforts, data needs and possible ways forward. The chapter concludes that many adaptation activities are taking place in the CLUVA case cities, but that...

  16. Transport policy-making and planning Javanese cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dimitriou, H.

    1995-12-31

    Based on findings of field studies in five Javanese cities in Indonesia, this paper looks at a hierarchy of settlements and investigates what aspects of urban development and the transport sector most influences transport policy-making and planning in the country. The paper highlights the presence of a community hierarchy within these settlements with consonant trip-making patterns and the widespread mis-use of certain transport modes. The paper cross-relates observed transport problems and policy issues diagnosed from the five Javanese cities with an earlier prepared national agenda of urban transport policy issues and problems. This is done with a view to arriving at more sensitive policy and planning responses nationwide for cities of different kinds in Indonesia. The paper commences with an explanation of the settlement hierarchy and community structure employed by Indonesian government planners. An attempt is then made to relate this hierarchy and structure to the five cities studied. Within this context, factors affecting urban transport are discussed and tabulated against the above cities settlement hierarchy. These include aspects of: settlement size, structure and area; settlement development policy, urban for, density and topography; and travel and transport characteristics. An attempt is made to match this settlement hierarchy (and its constituent community structure) with a conceptualized hierarchy of transport modes, simultaneously investigating: the relationship between urban communities and assigned road hierarchies; community-based travel demand and trip-making characteristics; and the relationship between travel, speed and distance. From this an assessment is made of the performance and current use and mis-use of such transport modes.

  17. Plan for city identity establishment and city marketing the case of Kimpo city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Inn

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to provide theoretical methods and practical strategies of crea-ting city identity, and to utilize them as basic tools of city management. Place marketing consists of two parts, place assets making and place promotion. Place asset making is the process of making the place-specific advantage or attractiveness and the place promotion is the process that makes notice of it. The place marketing debates and strategies is quite often confined to partial place marketing, the search for the tactical method of place promotion. However, this study examines the characteristics of full place marketing focused on the place making such as the background, concept, category, participants and principles of place making. This study finds out that the originality, specificity, and indispensability of place asset is the source of competitive advantage. The principles of place asset making are participation, learning and experience, and leadership and networks among actors. The policy implication of this study is that it is most important for the success of place marke-ting to make competitive assets and eventual city identity.

  18. Health Aspects of Climate Change in Cities with Mediterranean Climate, and Local Adaptation Plans

    OpenAIRE

    Shlomit Paz; Maya Negev; Alexandra Clermont; Green, Manfred S.

    2016-01-01

    Cities with a Mediterranean-type climate (Med-cities) are particularly susceptible to health risks from climate change since they are located in biogeographical hot-spots that experience some of the strongest effects of the changing climate. The study aims to highlight health impacts of climate change in Med-cities, analyze local climate adaptation plans and make adaptation policy recommendations for the Med-city level. We identified five Med-cities with a climate change adaptation plan: Adel...

  19. A City for All Citizens: Integrating Children and Youth from Marginalized Populations into City Planning

    OpenAIRE

    Willem van Vliet; Debra Flanders Cushing; Louise Chawla; Mara Mintzer; Victoria Derr

    2013-01-01

    Socially just, intergenerational urban spaces should not only accommodate children and adolescents, but engage them as participants in the planning and design of welcoming spaces. With this goal, city agencies in Boulder, Colorado, the Boulder Valley School District, the Children, Youth and Environments Center at the University of Colorado, and a number of community organizations have been working in partnership to integrate young people’s ideas and concerns into the redesign of parks and civ...

  20. UMTRA project water sampling and analysis plan, Tuba City, Arizona

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Planned, routine ground water sampling activities at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site in Tuba City, Arizona, are described in the following sections of this water sampling and analysis plan (WSAP). This plan identifies and justifies the sampling locations, analytical parameters, detection limits, and sampling frequency for the stations routinely monitored at the site. The ground water data are used for site characterization and risk assessment. The regulatory basis for routine ground water monitoring at UMTRA Project sites is derived from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations in 40 CFR Part 192 (1994) and the final EPA standards of 1995 (60 FR 2854). Sampling procedures are guided by the UMTRA Project standard operating procedures (SOP) (JEG, n.d.), and the most effective technical approach for the site

  1. Plan for city identity establishment and city marketing - the case of Kimpo city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Inn

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to provide theoretical methods and practical strategies of creatingcity identity, and to utilize them as basic tools of city management. Place marketingconsists of two parts, place assets making and place promotion. Place asset making is theprocess of making the place-specific advantage or attractiveness and the place promotion isthe process that makes notice of it. The place marketing debates and strategies is quite oftenconfined to partial place marketing, the search for the tactical method of place promotion.However, this study examines the characteristics of full place marketing focused on theplace making such as the background, concept, category, participants and principles ofplace making. This study finds out that the originality, specificity, and indispensability ofplace asset is the source of competitive advantage. The principles of place asset making areparticipation, learning and experience, and leadership and networks among actors. Thepolicy implication of this study is that it is most important for the success of place marketingto make competitive assets and eventual city identity.

  2. Sustainable winter cities: Future directions for planning, policy and design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pressman, Norman E. P.

    Attempts to generate a "climate-responsive" northern urban form are part of a relatively recent phenomenon and field of investigation. In conjunction with the international "winter cities" movement, the need has been established for explicit, systematic inquiry directed toward national and local action to improve the comfort and lifestyles of all northern inhabitants. It is important to recognize that winter-induced discomforts exist and that they must be acknowledged in planning theory and practice. For northern cities to function more satisfactorily, the negative impacts of winter must be reduced while its beneficial characteristics are enhanced. While not all summer activities can or should be abandoned during winter, proper micro-climatic control is essential if human life is to be retained outside. The outdoor season should be extended since so much indoor isolation occurs. The main principles to be incorporated in exemplary "winter city" design should be contact with nature, year-round usability, user participation, cultural continuity, and the creation of comfortable micro-climatic conditions throughout much of the city's open spaces. All valuable sources of inspiration must be harnessed in the attempt to mediate between organic regionalism and internationalism, on the one hand, and romanticism and pragmatic realism, on the other. Creating optimum conditions for human well-being, habitation, work and intellectual development in each of the four seasons is vital under harsh environments. Adopting a climate-sensitive approach to planning policy and urban design can render everyday life less stressful, especially during the lengthy winter periods found in many northern latitude and high altitude settings.

  3. First results on the city planning of Cyrrhus (Syria)

    OpenAIRE

    Abdul Massih, Jeanine; Benech, Christophe; Gelin, Mathilde

    2011-01-01

    The site of Cyrrhus is located in the Afrin valley (North Syria) at the crossing of the roads between Antioch and inner Syria. The layout of the lower town of Cyrrhus is established on a rectangular grid fanning out from the Main Street (Fig. 1). This Hippodamian plan in the pure Hellenistic tradition seems to be more or less respected in the Roman and Byzantine periods. The grid pattern is centred on a colonnaded main street running north/south across the entire city. However, during the Rom...

  4. Long-term Surveillance Plan for the Falls City Disposal Site, Falls City, Texas. Revision 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This long-term surveillance plan (LTSP) for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Falls City disposal site, Falls City, Texas, describes the surveillance activities for the disposal site. The US Department of Energy (DOE) will carry out these activities to ensure that the disposal cell continues to function as designed. This LTSP was prepared as a requirement for acceptance under the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) general license for custody and long-term care of residual radioactive materials. This LTSP documents whether the land and interests are owned by the United States and details how long-term care of the disposal site will be carried out. It is based on the DOE's Guidance for Implementing the UMTRA Project Long-term Surveillance Program (DOE, 1992a)

  5. Long-term surveillance plan for the Falls City Disposal Site, Falls City, Texas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This long-term surveillance plan (LTSP) for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Falls City disposal site, Falls City, Texas, describes the surveillance activities for the disposal site. DOE will carry out these activities to ensure that the disposal cell continues to function as designed. This LTSP was prepared as a requirement for acceptance under the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) general license for custody and long-term care of residual radioactive materials. This LTSP documents whether the land and interests are owned by the United States and details how long-term care of the disposal site will be carried out. It is based on the DOE's Guidance for Implementing the UMTRA Project Long-term Surveillance Program (DOE, 1992a)

  6. Long-term Surveillance Plan for the Falls City Disposal Site, Falls City, Texas. Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-08-01

    This long-term surveillance plan (LTSP) for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Falls City disposal site, Falls City, Texas, describes the surveillance activities for the disposal site. The US Department of Energy (DOE) will carry out these activities to ensure that the disposal cell continues to function as designed. This LTSP was prepared as a requirement for acceptance under the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) general license for custody and long-term care of residual radioactive materials. This LTSP documents whether the land and interests are owned by the United States and details how long-term care of the disposal site will be carried out. It is based on the DOE`s Guidance for Implementing the UMTRA Project Long-term Surveillance Program (DOE, 1992a).

  7. Long-term surveillance plan for the Falls City Disposal Site, Falls City, Texas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    This long-term surveillance plan (LTSP) for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Falls City disposal site, Falls City, Texas, describes the surveillance activities for the disposal site. DOE will carry out these activities to ensure that the disposal cell continues to function as designed. This LTSP was prepared as a requirement for acceptance under the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) general license for custody and long-term care of residual radioactive materials. This LTSP documents whether the land and interests are owned by the United States and details how long-term care of the disposal site will be carried out. It is based on the DOE`s Guidance for Implementing the UMTRA Project Long-term Surveillance Program (DOE, 1992a).

  8. Development of Regional Planning Criteria for Health Services in the City of Riyadh

    OpenAIRE

    Suleiman S. Abu-Kharmeh

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed at developing criteria for planning health services in the city of Riyadh through assessing the actual distribution of these services and comparing them with planning criteria adopted by the Municipality of Riyadh, local, Arab and foreign cities, in order to propose planning criteria that best serve citizens of Riyadh city more fairly and efficiently. Data related to health services and their attributes were gathered and incorporated into a GIS database. The results of the st...

  9. Creating a GIS Application for Retail Facilities Planning in Jeddah City

    OpenAIRE

    Abdulkader A. Murad

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement: The aim of this study is to create a GIS application for retail facilities planning in Saudi Arabia. Jeddah city has been selected as a case study representing a major commercial city in Saudi Arabia. Approach: The crated application covers several retail planning analysis issues. These issues are divided in to two major groups called the city scale retail planning and the retail center market area. The former covers defining the location and the distrib...

  10. The Role of Tourism in Planning the Smart City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Anna La Rocca

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The article starts from the consideration that tourism, for the size it has assumed and for its role in the economies, can be considered an "urban phenomenon"; as such, it needs adequate governance processes, politics and tools in order to reduce impacts on the organization of cities and urban livability in general. The emerging paradigm of “Smart City” is an opportunity to reconsider the current mechanisms of government and planning of the cities, but it needs a holistic approach that goes beyond the one applied per parts that still seems to prevail in the declination of the components of urban smartness (economy, mobility, environment, people, living, governance. At present, the technological component seems to prevail probably due to the ease of diffusion of the instruments, rather than an innovation of the processes. Promotion initiatives seems to concentrate exclusively on the city branding, rather than on initiatives to make cities able to support an additional urban load expressed by the tourism demand. Yet, potentialities of the application of new technologies could strengthen the decisional role in defining adequate urban policies to manage urban tourism and to optimize urban supply of services and facilities. However, at present, urban smartness for tourism seems to be concentrated on the amount of apps available to enhance the use of specific resources or, more rarely, of the urban mobility systems. Both the “big data” and the “open data” revolution, in Italy, do not yet seem to have achieved the hoped results, and the availability of data to allow appropriate management actions, is still one of the main difficulties for those involved in the analysis and quantification of the phenomenon. In addition, the numerous rankings on urban smartness refer to the prevalence of one component on the others, failing to consider the complexity of the urban system and of tourism, in particular. With these premises, the article tries to

  11. A greedy-navigator approach to navigable city plans

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Sang Hoon

    2012-01-01

    We use a set of four theoretical navigability indices for street maps to investigate the shape of the resulting street networks, if they are grown by optimizing these indices. The indices compare the performance of simulated navigators (having a partial information about the surroundings, like humans in many real situations) to the performance of optimally navigating individuals. We show that our simple greedy shortcut construction strategy generates the emerging structures that are different from real road network, but not inconceivable. The resulting city plans, for all navigation indices, share common qualitative properties such as the tendency for triangular blocks to appear, while the more quantitative features, such as degree distributions and clustering, are characteristically different depending on the type of metrics and routing strategies. We show that it is the type of metrics used which determines the overall shapes characterized by structural heterogeneity, but the routing schemes contribute to m...

  12. A Review of Traffic Congestion in Dar es Salaam City from the Physical Planning Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Robert B. Kiunsi

    2013-01-01

    Traffic congestion is one of the major problems facing Dar es Salaam City and is attributed by a number of factors including rapid population increase, inadequate and poor road infrastructure, city structure, rapid increase in number of cars and lack of physical plan to control city development. The city is already implementing a number of strategies in order to minimize traffic congestion. However, many of the strategies are focusing on improving the capacity of roads in terms of increasing ...

  13. Health Aspects of Climate Change in Cities with Mediterranean Climate, and Local Adaptation Plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paz, Shlomit; Negev, Maya; Clermont, Alexandra; Green, Manfred S.

    2016-01-01

    Cities with a Mediterranean-type climate (Med-cities) are particularly susceptible to health risks from climate change since they are located in biogeographical hot-spots that experience some of the strongest effects of the changing climate. The study aims to highlight health impacts of climate change in Med-cities, analyze local climate adaptation plans and make adaptation policy recommendations for the Med-city level. We identified five Med-cities with a climate change adaptation plan: Adelaide, Barcelona, Cape Town, Los Angeles and Santiago. Beyond their similar Med-climate features (although Santiago’s are slightly different), the cities have different socio-economic characteristics in various aspects. We analyzed each plan according to how it addresses climate change-related drivers of health impacts among city dwellers. For each driver, we identified the types of policy adaptation tools that address it in the urban climate adaptation plans. The surveyed cities address most of the fundamental climate change-related drivers of risks to human health, including rising temperatures, flooding and drought, but the policy measures to reduce negative impacts vary across cities. We suggest recommendations for Med-cities in various aspects, depending on their local needs and vulnerability challenges: assessment of health risks, extreme events management and long-term adaptation, among others. PMID:27110801

  14. Health Aspects of Climate Change in Cities with Mediterranean Climate, and Local Adaptation Plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paz, Shlomit; Negev, Maya; Clermont, Alexandra; Green, Manfred S

    2016-01-01

    Cities with a Mediterranean-type climate (Med-cities) are particularly susceptible to health risks from climate change since they are located in biogeographical hot-spots that experience some of the strongest effects of the changing climate. The study aims to highlight health impacts of climate change in Med-cities, analyze local climate adaptation plans and make adaptation policy recommendations for the Med-city level. We identified five Med-cities with a climate change adaptation plan: Adelaide, Barcelona, Cape Town, Los Angeles and Santiago. Beyond their similar Med-climate features (although Santiago's are slightly different), the cities have different socio-economic characteristics in various aspects. We analyzed each plan according to how it addresses climate change-related drivers of health impacts among city dwellers. For each driver, we identified the types of policy adaptation tools that address it in the urban climate adaptation plans. The surveyed cities address most of the fundamental climate change-related drivers of risks to human health, including rising temperatures, flooding and drought, but the policy measures to reduce negative impacts vary across cities. We suggest recommendations for Med-cities in various aspects, depending on their local needs and vulnerability challenges: assessment of health risks, extreme events management and long-term adaptation, among others. PMID:27110801

  15. Health Aspects of Climate Change in Cities with Mediterranean Climate, and Local Adaptation Plans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shlomit Paz

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Cities with a Mediterranean-type climate (Med-cities are particularly susceptible to health risks from climate change since they are located in biogeographical hot-spots that experience some of the strongest effects of the changing climate. The study aims to highlight health impacts of climate change in Med-cities, analyze local climate adaptation plans and make adaptation policy recommendations for the Med-city level. We identified five Med-cities with a climate change adaptation plan: Adelaide, Barcelona, Cape Town, Los Angeles and Santiago. Beyond their similar Med-climate features (although Santiago’s are slightly different, the cities have different socio-economic characteristics in various aspects. We analyzed each plan according to how it addresses climate change-related drivers of health impacts among city dwellers. For each driver, we identified the types of policy adaptation tools that address it in the urban climate adaptation plans. The surveyed cities address most of the fundamental climate change-related drivers of risks to human health, including rising temperatures, flooding and drought, but the policy measures to reduce negative impacts vary across cities. We suggest recommendations for Med-cities in various aspects, depending on their local needs and vulnerability challenges: assessment of health risks, extreme events management and long-term adaptation, among others.

  16. Venturing into unknown territory: Strategic spatial planning in post-communist cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sasha Tsenkova

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent planning practice in post-communist cities indicates a growing interest in strategic spatial planning. In their search for new planning paradigms and more flexible approaches to city planning, municipalities in post-communist cities have embraced strategic planning as a way to involve residents, the business community and various stakeholders in defining a vision for the future. Drawing on the experience of six capital cities – Prague, St Petersburg, Vilnius, Sofia, Budapest and Riga – this article outlines the essential characteristics of the process (planning and the product (a strategic plan. It establishes clear links between the strategic development process, its institutional framework and the hierarchical structure of goals, objectives and actions. Using a framework for strategic spatial planning in the context of rapid economic, social and governance change, the study evaluates the results of the process, focusing on “what” and “how” in the complex reality of planning. The framework applies the traditional strategic planning model, which establishes relationships between past, present and future to design alternative strategies for plan implementation, but in a much more unstable and unpredictable institutional environment. The research highlights the responsiveness of strategic planning to transition imperatives and its ability to define contextually appropriate multidimensional strategies for the spatial development of post-communist cities.

  17. Study on Promotion of City Public Security and Improvement of City Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>1. Problems existing in city publicsecurity The city public security (CPS) refers tothe security guarantee provided and led by governments for the people, property,as well as important lifeline systems of

  18. Annual Conference of China City Planning 2012 & First Meeting of Second Editorial Board of China City Planning Review Held in Kunmin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIAN Fang

    2012-01-01

    <正>On Oct. 17, 2012, the Annual Conferenceof China City Planning 2012 that was cohosted by Urban Planning Society of China (UPSC) and Kunming Municipal Government, in collaboration with the Department of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of Yunnan, and sponsored by Kunming Planning Bureau was launched in Yunnan Convention Center, with the theme of "Di-versity and Inclusiveness" WANG Guang-tao, Chairman of Environment Protection and Resources Conservation

  19. The Practice and Issues of Administration on Participate Community Planning : A Case Study on Making Community Planning of Naha City

    OpenAIRE

    Yokoyama, Yoshiharu; Ikeda, Takayuki; 池田, 孝之

    2000-01-01

    Citizen participation in community planning is becoming more important. The purpose of this study is to clarify the issues of administration on citizen participation through making the general plan of Naha City.The issues are summarized as follows:1. To practice citizen participation in aggressive community planning and to create a new system that materializes the citizens' proposal.2. To adopt citizens' autonomous activities about community planning more briskly and to support the activities...

  20. Planning regulations in the USA and their implications on urban design in the central city zone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinić Milena

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available At the beginning of the 20th century, urban planning of the American cities was founded on the strong capitalist system and vast available land area. After a long period of planning, which was suited for the use of automobiles, nowadays the deficiencies both in the urban structure and social sphere are very obvious. Modern planning is striving to prescribe guidelines for urban design and thus create a continuity of cityscape and emphasize the pedestrian character of the area, particularly in central city zones. Town planning in the USA comprises local regulations which are suited to the needs of individual cities. Particularly important are the implications which certain town planning regulations have on the design of physical structures in the central city zone, which is the research goal of this paper.

  1. Long-term surveillance plan for the Falls City Disposal Site, Falls City, Texas. Revision 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-11-01

    The need for ground water monitoring at the Falls City disposal site was evaluated in accordance with NRC regulations and guidelines established by the DOE in Guidance for Implementing the Long-term Surveillance Program for UMTRA Project Title 1 Disposal Sites (DOE, 1996). Based on evaluation of site characterization data, it has been determined that a program to monitor ground water for demonstration of disposal cell performance based on a set of concentration limits is not appropriate because ground water in the uppermost aquifer is of limited use, and a narrative supplemental standard has been applied to the site that does not include numerical concentration limits or a point of compliance. The limited use designation is based on the fact that ground water in the uppermost aquifer is not currently or potentially a source of drinking water in the area because it contains widespread ambient contamination that cannot be cleaned up using methods reasonably employed by public water supply systems. Background ground water quality varies by orders of magnitude since the aquifer is in an area of redistribution of uranium mineralization derived from ore bodies. The DOE plans to perform post-closure ground water monitoring in the uppermost aquifer as a best management practice (BMP) as requested by the state of Texas.

  2. Long-term surveillance plan for the Falls City Disposal Site, Falls City, Texas. Revision 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The need for ground water monitoring at the Falls City disposal site was evaluated in accordance with NRC regulations and guidelines established by the DOE in Guidance for Implementing the Long-term Surveillance Program for UMTRA Project Title 1 Disposal Sites (DOE, 1996). Based on evaluation of site characterization data, it has been determined that a program to monitor ground water for demonstration of disposal cell performance based on a set of concentration limits is not appropriate because ground water in the uppermost aquifer is of limited use, and a narrative supplemental standard has been applied to the site that does not include numerical concentration limits or a point of compliance. The limited use designation is based on the fact that ground water in the uppermost aquifer is not currently or potentially a source of drinking water in the area because it contains widespread ambient contamination that cannot be cleaned up using methods reasonably employed by public water supply systems. Background ground water quality varies by orders of magnitude since the aquifer is in an area of redistribution of uranium mineralization derived from ore bodies. The DOE plans to perform post-closure ground water monitoring in the uppermost aquifer as a best management practice (BMP) as requested by the state of Texas

  3. UMTRA Project water sampling and analysis plan, Salt Lake City, Utah. Revision 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This water sampling and analysis plan describes planned, routine ground water sampling activities at the US Department of Energy Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project site in Salt Lake City, Utah. This plan identifies and justifies sampling locations, analytical parameters, detection limits, and sampling frequencies for routine monitoring of ground water, sediments, and surface waters at monitoring stations on the site

  4. Planning for sustainability in China's urban development: status and challenges for Dongtan eco-city project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Hefa; Hu, Yuanan

    2010-01-01

    With the rapid urbanization in China, the country faces significant challenges in sustainable urban development and actively explores novel ways to expand urban areas while conserving natural resources. Radical changes in city planning are being made to switch to sustainable development, with new cities being designed to be ecologically friendly guided by principles like carbon neutrality and self-sufficiency. This paper introduces the development of the Dongtan eco-city project on Chongming Island, Shanghai and describes how it addresses issues including energy, water, waste, transportation, ecosystem, and social and economic development in its design. The lessons and challenges of eco-city development based on the Dongtan experience are also discussed. If the vision of a zero-carbon emissions sustainable city is successfully realized, Dongtan will serve as a model for developing similar cities across China and the rest of the developing world. Currently, the development of this project is behind schedule and whether the eco-city plan will materialize or not is in question. Even though the project remains mostly on the drawing boards, the planning and preliminary development of Dongtan eco-city have generated significant enthusiasm for green buildings and influenced plans for other sustainable urban development projects in China. PMID:20082005

  5. 3 CFR - Mexico City Policy and Assistance for Voluntary Population Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 3 The President 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Mexico City Policy and Assistance for Voluntary Population Planning Presidential Documents Other Presidential Documents Memorandum of January 23, 2009 Mexico... what has become known as the “Mexico City Policy” directed the United States Agency for...

  6. The Compact vs. the Dispersed City: History of Planning Ideas on Sofia’s Urban Form

    OpenAIRE

    Hirt, Sonia

    2007-01-01

    This paper reviews the planning history of Sofia since its designation as Bulgarian capital in 1879. It argues that Sofia’s planning has been persistently shaped by two perennial dilemmas—how to reconnect the city with nature and how to define its relationship with the region. In response to these dilemmas, different visions, shaped by both local conditions and dominant foreign theories, were proposed at different times. Some promoted a compact city, while others advocated a dispersed form. T...

  7. Information models of planning strategies for reconstruction and modernization of RSC in the historic city

    OpenAIRE

    Choban, Oksana; Demkiv, Myron

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the work was the development of information models planning strategies for reconstruction and modernization of RSC (railway station complex) historical cities. As a result it was formed a system of the planning model for the strategy of reconstruction and modernization of the RSC, which is the theoretical basis for the selection and design of the strategies for reconstruction and modernization of RSC in the historic city.

  8. POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS TO ACTUAL URBAN ISSUES OF CITY PLANNING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Владимир Александрович Беляков

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the problems of modern urban development. We discuss the necessity of transition to new system of urban design and examples of new concepts of ideal cities of the future .

  9. The Energy Master Plan: Transition to self-sufficient city regions by means of an approach to local energy potentials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van den Dobbelsteen, A.A.J.F.; Broersma, S.; Tillie, N.M.J.D.; Fremouw, M.A.

    2014-01-01

    City regions and metropolitan areas form the scale on which the battle for will be won or lost, and the level at which cities can become resilient and even self-sufficient. A master plan for a sustainable energy system for city regions is not a luxury anymore. An energy master plan will be based on

  10. Ankara Historic City Centre Restoration Site Conservation Plan, its Characteristics, and Rationales for its Revocation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Tuncer

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This is a comprehensive evaluation of the 1: 5000 Ankara Historic City Centre Restoration Site Conservation Master Development Plan and the 1: 1000 Conservation Implementation Plans, which have become a matter of litigation against the Ankara Metropolitan Municipality, filed by various non-governmental organizations, universities, the Union of Chambers of Turkish Architects and Engineers (TMMOB and public institutions; in terms of the environment, transportation and traffic as regards the entirety of the planned location, and the integrity of the plan, based on conservation-reclamation planning essentials and public interest. Thus the Ulus Ankara Historic City Centre Restoration Site Conservation Master Development and Implementation Plan and Plan Notes as ratified by the Ankara Metropolitan Municipality and Conservation Board, are examined in this context in terms of restoration site, protected site, conservation site, interaction and transition sites and historic and cultural properties.

  11. Planned Parenthood Association of Cincinnati v. City of Cincinnati.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-02-21

    The Council of the City of Cincinnati passed an ordinance imposing a fine on any abortion clinic that failed to bury, deposit in a tomb or vault, or cremate an aborted human fetus. The plaintiff, a local provider of abortion services, brought an action in federal district court seeking to enjoin the city from enforcing the ordinance. Noting that the ordinance was intended to discourage or interfere with abortions, the court granted the preliminary injunction on the grounds that the plaintiff was likely to succeed in the ensuing action and that the ordinance, in violating the constitutional right to privacy, was causing irreparable harm to the public. PMID:11648373

  12. The Linkage of Urban and Energy Planning for Sustainable Cities: The Case of Denmark and Germany

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Jens-Phillip

    2016-01-01

    implemented. Municipalities, as local authorities and responsible entity for land-use planning, have a direct influence on urban patterns and energy use, which makes them key actors in the transition towards sustainable cities. Hence, synchronizing urban planning with energy planning offers great potential to...... transitions towards a holistic urban energy planning procedures were identified....... increase society’s energy-efficiency; this has a high significance to reach GHG-reduction targets. In this paper the actual linkage of urban planning and energy planning in Denmark and Germany was assessed; substantive barriers preventing their integration and driving factors that lead to successful...

  13. Energy-Integrating Master Plan for the City of Atlantic City, New Jersey: energy conservation element. Volume 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-11-01

    The Master Plan describes a coordinated energy-conservation effort for the City, the effective application and ultimate success of which depend primarily on the active involvement of the City government and its functional departments. Following an introductory section, Section XXI, Community Energy Determinants, describes the natural and man-made environment, growth and energy profiles, and the institutional environment. Additional sections are entitled: Energy-Conservation Options (passive energy options and active energy-conservation options); Energy Integration; Community Energy Management; Energy-Conservation Implementation Plan; and an appendix containing an energy-related glossary, a directory to various sources of information on energy conservation, various technical documents, a copy of the National Energy Act, and a bibliography. (MCW)

  14. Urban planning practices for bikeable cities - the case of Copenhagen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Thomas Alexander Sick; Skov-Petersen, Hans; Agervig Carstensen, Trine

    2013-01-01

    Cities are increasingly looking to cycling as a means to promote sustainability, liveability, and public health. Denmark is one of the European countries where cycling has remained significant – even in the motor age, and national strategies now aim to support and further increase cycling. The...

  15. A review on salt lake city, Kolkata, India: Master planning and realization

    OpenAIRE

    Tošković Dobrivoje

    2008-01-01

    Motivation for construction of Salt Lake City comes from the circumstances characterizing life in Calcutta known by its social, political and cultural activities. Among many problems, the City was faced with poverty and overcrowding. West Bengal Government realized that serious steps have to be taken to resolve the situation. One of the biggest actions of the Government was creation of so called 'NEDECO' Plan for reclamation certain area of the Salted Lakes, followed by the tender for urban p...

  16. Planning support concept to implementation of sustainable parking development projects in ancient Mediterranean cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikša Jajac

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a planning support concept (PSC to implementation of sustainable parking development projects (SPDP in ancient Mediterranean cities. It is conceptualized by the logic of decision support systems and a multicriteria analysis approach. The purpose of the concept is to support setting of implementation priorities for subprojects (construction of new and/or improvement of existing parking within a SPDP. Analysing the existing and a planned state of parking within the city a goal tree is established. Subprojects are defined accordingly. Objectives from the last hierarchy level within the goal tree are used as criteria for assessment of defined subprojects. Representatives of stakeholders provided criteria weights by application of AHP and SAW methods. PROMETHEE II was used for priority ranking and PROMETHEE V ensured a definition of project’s implementation phases. The result of the presented concept is the implementation plan for such projects. The concept is tested on the city of Trogir.

  17. Data analytics for simplifying thermal efficiency planning in cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdolhosseini Qomi, Mohammad Javad; Noshadravan, Arash; Sobstyl, Jake M; Toole, Jameson; Ferreira, Joseph; Pellenq, Roland J-M; Ulm, Franz-Josef; Gonzalez, Marta C

    2016-04-01

    More than 44% of building energy consumption in the USA is used for space heating and cooling, and this accounts for 20% of national CO2emissions. This prompts the need to identify among the 130 million households in the USA those with the greatest energy-saving potential and the associated costs of the path to reach that goal. Whereas current solutions address this problem by analysing each building in detail, we herein reduce the dimensionality of the problem by simplifying the calculations of energy losses in buildings. We present a novel inference method that can be used via a ranking algorithm that allows us to estimate the potential energy saving for heating purposes. To that end, we only need consumption from records of gas bills integrated with a building's footprint. The method entails a statistical screening of the intricate interplay between weather, infrastructural and residents' choice variables to determine building gas consumption and potential savings at a city scale. We derive a general statistical pattern of consumption in an urban settlement, reducing it to a set of the most influential buildings' parameters that operate locally. By way of example, the implications are explored using records of a set of (N= 6200) buildings in Cambridge, MA, USA, which indicate that retrofitting only 16% of buildings entails a 40% reduction in gas consumption of the whole building stock. We find that the inferred heat loss rate of buildings exhibits a power-law data distribution akin to Zipf's law, which provides a means to map an optimum path for gas savings per retrofit at a city scale. These findings have implications for improving the thermal efficiency of cities' building stock, as outlined by current policy efforts seeking to reduce home heating and cooling energy consumption and lower associated greenhouse gas emissions. PMID:27097652

  18. Creating a GIS Application for Retail Facilities Planning in Jeddah City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulkader A. Murad

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The aim of this study is to create a GIS application for retail facilities planning in Saudi Arabia. Jeddah city has been selected as a case study representing a major commercial city in Saudi Arabia. Approach: The crated application covers several retail planning analysis issues. These issues are divided in to two major groups called the city scale retail planning and the retail center market area. The former covers defining the location and the distribution of all retail centers in Jeddah city and classifying retail centers based on size and area. Meanwhile, the latter includes defining the spatial distribution of retail demand of selected centers and identifying the primary catchment area of the selected retail centers. In order to build this application, a survey is made for selected retail demand and GIS address geocoding function is used to convert the address data of retail demand into points features. In addition, GIS network analysis is used in this application to produce drive time based trade areas for the selected retail centers. Results: Retail centers were classified in Jeddah city as three groups called small centers (has less than 100 shops, medium centers (has 100-200 shops and large centers (has more than 200 shops. Conclusion: Based on this application, retail planner in Jeddah city can easily identify the pattern and trends of all retail centers in Jeddah city. The created application can be used by retail planners in Jeddah city for evaluating retail market and for identifying market segments that the retail centers are under-serving.

  19. U.S. Department of Energy clean cities five-year strategic plan.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cambridge Concord Associates

    2011-02-15

    Clean Cities is a government-industry partnership sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Vehicle Technologies Program, which is part of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Working with its network of about 100 local coalitions and more than 6,500 stakeholders across the country, Clean Cities delivers on its mission to reduce petroleum consumption in on-road transportation. In its work to reduce petroleum use, Clean Cities focuses on a portfolio of technologies that includes electric drive, propane, natural gas, renewable natural gas/biomethane, ethanol/E85, biodiesel/B20 and higher-level blends, fuel economy, and idle reduction. Over the past 17 years, Clean Cities coalitions have displaced more than 2.4 billion gallons of petroleum; they are on track to displace 2.5 billion gallons of gasoline per year by 2020. This Clean Cities Strategic Plan lays out an aggressive five-year agenda to help DOE Clean Cities and its network of coalitions and stakeholders accelerate the deployment of alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles, while also expanding the supporting infrastructure to reduce petroleum use. Today, Clean Cities has a far larger opportunity to make an impact than at any time in its history because of its unprecedented $300 million allocation for community-based deployment projects from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) (see box below). Moreover, the Clean Cities annual budget has risen to $25 million for FY2010 and $35 million has been requested for FY2011. Designed as a living document, this strategic plan is grounded in the understanding that priorities will change annually as evolving technical, political, economic, business, and social considerations are woven into project decisions and funding allocations. The plan does not intend to lock Clean Cities into pathways that cannot change. Instead, with technology deployment at its core, the plan serves as a guide for decision-making at both the

  20. Cultural planning in two cities of the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Poláková, Markéta; Patočková, Věra; Vojtíšková, Kateřina

    Praha : International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences (IISES), 2014 - (Rotschedl, J.; Čermáková, K.). s. 393 ISBN 978-80-87927-06-9. [International academic conference /144./. 28.10.2014-31.10.2014, La Valletta] R&D Projects: GA MK DF11P01OVV032 Keywords : culture * planning * sustainability Subject RIV: AE - Management ; Administration

  1. Pedestrian Planning in City Centers: a Study of Guimarães and Braga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khan Rubayet Rahaman

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available People are walking in cities for different reasons. Some walkers walk for going to work, some are walking for shopping and some are for leisure during day and night hours. Medium sized cities like Braga and Guimarães in Portugal are depending on car for even shorter trips up to 2 kilometers. However, the walkways are allowing people to walk in convenient and safe way including late night environment. The pedestrians feel troublesome to walk on the footpaths because of illegal parking and discontinuation of walkways. Municipality transport plans and master plans do not incorporate pedestrians as a major component. But this egress mode of transportation is very important in medium sized city centers like Guimarães and Braga for the people to enjoy city centers’ activities. This paper focuses on the types of walkers who use the walkways on a regular basis. Usually, people are feeling comfortable to walk when they go to clubs and bars in a group in these small cities especially after work. This paper again tries to focus the varieties of problems on walkways and to present policies that can improve the situation. Municipal master plan and transportation plan have been studied carefully to see the provisions of pedestrian planning options. Field surveys have been conducted both in form of questionnaire and observation during the end of 2009 and results show different patterns of pedestrian behavior as well as evidence that people get different experiences with problems while walking on the walkways in both surveyed towns. Considering the issues of sustainable mobility, this paper also tries to suggest policies to motivate more people to walk especially in the medium-sized cities of Portugal.

  2. CREATIVE BUZZ DISTRICTS IN SMART CITIES: URBAN RETRO-FITTING AND URBAN FORWARD-FITTING PLANS

    OpenAIRE

    Karima Kourtit; Peter Nijkamp

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a new methodology for evaluating ‘urban buzz’ districts as part of a general urban rehabilitation policy, in which forward-fitting plans are incorporated and play a key role. Such plans are part of smart city initiatives based on a blend of creativeness and intelligence. The so-called decompositional evaluation method based on a multicriteria analysis is illustrated for a case study in Amsterdam, viz. the NDSM area.

  3. PRESENTATION: ARCHITECTURE, ARCHAEOLOGY AND CONTEMPORARY CITY PLANNING “State of knowledge in the digital age”

    OpenAIRE

    Giorgio VERDIANI; Cornell, Per; Rodriguez-Navarro, Pablo

    2015-01-01

    In discussions on urbanism, the need to involve new actors has been a major theme of recent debate. In this field, throughout Europe, various ways of allowing citizens to take a more direct part in planning is stressed. It is also important to look at the role or lack of role played by particular research fields. Architecture plays a major role in city planning. While archaeology has become increasingly involved in field projects in urban environments, the discipline seldom plays an important...

  4. Determinants of foreign aid in family planning: How relevant is the Mexico City Policy?

    OpenAIRE

    Asiedu, Elizabeth; Nanivazo, Malokele; Nkusu, Mwanza

    2013-01-01

    The Mexico City Policy (MCP) prohibits the United States Agency for International Development from providing aid to international non-governmental organizations that provide abortion-related services. This paper employs a panel data of 151 developing countries over the period of 1988 - 2010, to examine the effect of the MCP on the allocation of family planning aid to developing countries. We find that the MCP has a negative and robust effect on family planning aid. We also find that family pl...

  5. Geomatics for Smart Cities: Obtaining the Urban Planning Baf Index from Existing Digital Maps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casella, V.; Franzini, M.; De Lotto, R.

    2016-06-01

    The urban analytics expression is spreading out. To our understanding, it deals with the capability of measuring cities and their communities, as a support to their effective planning and management. In other words, being an analytically well-known city is a precondition for pursuing smartness. Urban planning is a very important item for city management and is interrelated with many layers, including urban environmental quality, air quality and well-being. Effective urban planning is based on the knowledge of quantitative parameters such as the biotope area factor (BAF), which was originally proposed for the city of Berlin and is currently used in other cities. The BAF index is used to evaluate the degree of soil permeability and measures, to a certain extent and from a specific point of view, how a city is eco-friendly. The usual way of evaluating the BAF is based on the manual construction of dedicated maps, using existing orthophotos and oblique imagery as a support. But this method is expensive, time-consuming and non-objective, as it is prone to different interpretations. The paper presents a newly-developed methodology for calculating the BAF. It is based on the use of existing digital cartography and on the application of geoprocessing techniques from GIS science: it is therefore fully automated and objective. The Pavia city (Northern Italy) is used as a testsite and a careful validation of the developed methodology is carried out, by comparison to 12 manually surveyed test areas, corresponding to 5% of the built-up areas of the municipality.

  6. Strategic Planning and Urban Development by Using the SWOT Analysis. The Case of Urmia City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OMID MOBARAKI

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A strategic planning is an important tool to guide the urban planning. It will help maintain a focused, long-term vision of the urban mission and purpose, and aid decisions about the urban development. In reality review and understanding of urban development, its strengths and weaknesses are of major importance in the strategic planning. Today, awareness of strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and threats are a necessity for urban development plans and programs. Urmia City, despite being rich in natural and human resources, it faces difficulties in terms of unsustainable development due to the lack of proper utilization of resources and environmental degradation of agricultural land suitable for industrial and residential land uses. The aim of the current research is to identify the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in Urmia city. This study is applied and it utilizes both descriptive and analytical methods, but also the AHP and SWOT methods. The result of the study indicates that, for the development of Urmia City, the overcoming strategy has the maximum score (4.07, whereas the negatives control strategy has the minimum score (1.77. Therefore, Urmia City should make the maximum use of strengths and opportunities in order to reduce weaknesses and threats.

  7. Tools for an integrated systems approach to sustainable port city planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Morel

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Large port cities like Shanghai, Amsterdam and Rio de Janeiro are key cogwheels in international logistics and transport networks but also serve as showcases for the rest of the world; as such, they constitute strategic assets for the host country´s economy and international influence. Historically, a city and its port often developed independently, through sometimes contradictory or even confrontational policies. Today, the growing number of usage disputes over increasingly coveted coastal areas is prompting local managers to incorporate urban and port-related issues in overarching planning programs. In particular, planning of the sea front and the buffer zone between the port and the city must contribute decisively to the deployment of more effective, cleaner transport services for the port city as a whole. In general, one of the key global challenges for planners and decision-makers consists in integrating sustainable development goals (environmental and social components, as well as the stimulation of industrial competitiveness into urban planning. In this context the PHEBUS research group has initiated an international program of research to develop innovative methods and tools that can help territorial stakeholders to design, evaluate, compare and ultimately choose development scenarios for the future of their port cities. The main themes are addressed via a multidisciplinary systems approach on the scale of a coastal urban area with an industrial and port complex. In particular, the themes include sea front planning, the city-port interface, energy optimization (e.g. the introduction and sharing of renewable energies, risk resilience, climate change and multimodal, clean transport.

  8. Subsurface information for risk-sensitive urban spatial planning in Dhaka Metropolitan City, Bangladesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Günther, Andreas; Aziz Patwary, Mohammad Abdul; Bahls, Rebecca; Asaduzzaman, Atm; Ludwig, Rüdiger; Ashraful Kamal, Mohammad; Nahar Faruqa, Nurun; Jabeen, Sarwat

    2016-04-01

    Dhaka Metropolitan City (including Dhaka and five adjacent municipal areas) is one of the fastest developing urban regions in the world. Densely build-up areas in the developed metropolitan area of Dhaka City are subject to extensive restructuring as common six- or lower storied buildings are replaced by higher and heavier constructions. Additional stories are built on existing houses, frequently exceeding the allowable bearing pressure on the subsoil as supported by the foundations. In turn, newly developing city areas are projected in marshy terrains modified by extensive, largely unengineered landfills. In most areas, these terrains bear unfavorable building ground conditions within 30 meters. Within a collaborative technical cooperation project between Bangladesh and Germany, BGR supports GSB in the provision of geo-information for the Capital Development Authority (RAJUK). For general urban planning, RAJUK successively develops a detailed area plan (DAP) at scale 1 : 50000 for the whole Dhaka Metropolitan City area (approx. 1700 km2). Geo-information have not been considered in the present DAP. Within the project, geospatial information in form of a geomorphic map, a digital terrain model and a 3-D subsurface model covering the whole city area have been generated at a scale of 1 : 50000. An extensive engineering geological data base consisting of more than 2200 borehole data with associated Standard Penetration Testing (SPT) and lab data has been compiled. With the field testing (SPT) and engineering geological lab data, the 3-D subsurface model can be parameterized to derive important spatial subsurface information for urban planning like bearing capacity evaluations for different foundation designs or soil liquefaction potential assessments for specific earthquake scenarios. In conjunction with inundation potential evaluations for different flooding scenarios, comprehensive building ground suitability information can be derived to support risk

  9. City Planning Evolution - Urban Development Directions in the Transition Period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mircea Grigorovschi

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Urban evolution post 1989 has a series of specific characteristics mainly on a spatial-territorial plane. Determination of the main developing factors and urban evolution directions (dimensions, rhythm, expansion level, centrifugal and axial character, concentric, centripetal, functional evolution, tendencies and social implications, etc. represents a necessity and obligation for action from professionals in urban and landscaping fields. This necessity even arises from the perspective of the need for realizing strategies, planning, documentation and urban studies, which must intervene correctively in the evolution of areas with structural problems and to guide urban evolution towards the main goal namely the growth in residential quality of life in human settlements.

  10. City of North Vancouver greenhouse gas local action plan : final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presented details of a greenhouse gas (GHG) local action plan developed as a result of the City of North Vancouver's participation in the Partners for Climate Protection Program (PCPP). The plan is intended to better manage the impacts of urban development related to GHG and air quality, while also achieving community objectives related to affordable housing, transportation management, job creation and economic development. The report reviewed the local emissions inventory in addition to various programs, plans, policies and by-laws relating to energy management. Potential policies and programs were identified to achieve GHG emissions reductions in accordance with the PCPP. A plan for emissions reductions was also presented. A situation analysis was presented with details of population, transportation, residential and commercial building and industry. Solid waste management and transportation plans were outlined. A GHG emissions profile and forecast was presented. An outline of a GHG management framework included information on initiatives in the city as well as details of public consultation feedback. A program implementation plan includes forecasts of the program's impact, as well as details of program delivery and a performance measurement framework. Proposed initiatives in the plan included new building guidelines; fuel switching for light and heavy duty vehicles; driver training and enhanced vehicle maintenance programs; and, an environmental procurement policy. Community programs include residential and commercial building retrofits; land use planning; support for community energy systems; green building design guidelines; transportation demand management; and, public engagement and outreach programs. 21 tabs., 9 figs

  11. Sustainable Development Index of Pedras de Fogo /PB: Contributive Subsidies on Planning City Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gesinaldo Ataíde Cândido

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The sustainable development is a complex and fundamental issue to face the environmental crisis and because of that it calls the different segments of the society attention. As a mechanism to understand this important issue, several system- level indicators have arisen in order to measure the level of sustainability of countries, states and more recently, the cities. The aim of this article is to show the sustainability development index of Pedras de Fogo /PB as a mean to purchase the city planning .The methodology applied is based on the research of Martins and Candido (2008,which objective is to measure the sustainability development of the cities. The analysis of the results was obtained through a comparison between the sustainable development level of the other cities in Paraiba with the one of Pedras de Fogo. The results obtained were based not only on Martins and Candido methodology but also semi-structured interviews with some local authorities. The results show that a city sustainable planning is necessary taking into consideration the following dimensions: social, demographic, political -institutional, economic, environmental and cultural.

  12. Planning for sustainability in Malawian cities: A conceptual analysis of the missing links

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Gondwe

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Planning for sustainability has become a major challenge for urban planners in cities of the developing world where those with low economic base are often unable to cope with the high rate of urbanization. The differences in poverty levels between rural and urban spaces has not only deepened socio-economic problems but also led to an increase in environmental degradation in the city’s peripheral and catchment areas. This paper argues that there is need to rethink the role of urban planning theory and practice if urban sustainability is to be practical in Malawian cities. It observes that activities and initiatives taken by the urban poor that lead to growth of informal settlement and the informal sector are not viewed positively by urban planners. Specifically, the paper examines issues as such as the symbiotic relationship between the rural and the urban, lack of proper plans for non motorized transport, availability of a closed loop model of solid waste management and a rekindled participatory planning regime through the formalization of town chiefs are very critical elements of the contemporary urban planning theory and practice if building sustainable cities is to move beyond a vague idealism in Malawi. It follows then that any ambitious attempt to plan for sustainability should recognize the role which the urban poor play in building cities of developing countries Malawi inclusive. The paper calls upon the urban planners to change their attitude towards the urban poor. In so doing, however, the author is not trying to romanticize the existence of informal settlements and informal sector but to highlight their inevitable existence to the urban landscape.

  13. Planning for sustainability in Malawian cities: A conceptual analysis of the missing links.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Gondwe

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Planning for sustainability has become a major challenge for urban planners in cities of the developing world where those with low economic base are often unable to cope with the high rate of urbanization. The differences in poverty levels between rural and urban spaces has not only deepened socio-economic problems but also led to an increase in environmental degradation in the city’s peripheral and catchment areas.  This paper argues that there is need to rethink the role of urban planning theory and practice if urban sustainability is to be practical in Malawian cities. It observes that activities and initiatives taken by the urban poor that lead to growth of informal settlement and the informal sector are not viewed positively by urban planners. Specifically, the paper examines issues as such as the symbiotic relationship between the rural and the urban, lack of proper plans for non motorized transport, availability of a closed loop model of solid waste management and a rekindled participatory planning regime through the formalization of town chiefs are very critical elements of the contemporary urban planning theory and practice if building sustainable cities is to move beyond a vague idealism in Malawi. It follows then that any ambitious attempt to plan for sustainability should recognize the role which the urban poor play in building cities of developing countries Malawi inclusive. The paper calls upon the urban planners to change their attitude towards the urban poor. In so doing, however, the author is not trying to romanticize the existence of informal settlements and informal sector but to highlight their inevitable existence to the urban landscape.

  14. Application of WEAP Simulation Model to Hengshui City Water Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OJEKUNLE Z O; ZHAO Lin; LI Manzhou; YANG Zhen; TAN Xin

    2007-01-01

    Like many river basins in China, water resources in the Fudong Pai River are almost fully allocated. This paper seeks to assess and evaluate water resource problems using water evaluation and planning (WEAP) model via its application to Hengshui Basin of Fudong Pai River. This model allows the simulation and analysis of various water allocation scenarios and, above all, scenarios of users' behavior. Water demand management is one of the options discussed in detail. Simulations are proposed for diverse climatic situations from dry years to normal years and results are discussed. Within the limits of data availability, it appears that most water users are not able to meet all their requirements from the river, and that even the ecological reserve will not be fully met during certain years. But the adoption of water demand management procedures offers opportunities for remedying this situation during normal hydrological years. However, it appears that demand management alone will not suffice during dry years. Nevertheless, the ease of use of the model and its user-friendly interfaces make it particularly useful for discussions and dialogue on water resources management among stakeholders.

  15. Planning, Development and Management of Sustainable Cities: A Commentary from the Guest Editors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tan Yigitcanlar

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Cities are the most dramatic manifestations of human activities on the surface of the earth. These human-dominated organisms—i.e., cities—degrade natural habitats, simplify species composition, disrupt hydrological systems, and modify energy flow and nutrient cycling. Today, these consequential impacts of human activities, originated from population increase, rapid urbanization, high private motor vehicle dependency, deregulated industrialization and mass livestock production, are increasing exponentially and causing great deal of environmental, social, and economic challenges both at global and local scales. In such a situation, establishment of sustainable cities, through sustainable urban development practices, is seen as a potential panacea to combat these challenges responsibly, effectively, and efficiently. This paper offers a critical review of the key literature on the issues relating to planning, development and management of sustainable cities, introduces the contributions from the Special Issue, and speculates on the prospective research directions to place necessary mechanisms to secure a sustainable urban future for all.

  16. Virtual Reality As a New Tool in the City Planning Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kaj Sunesson; Carl Martin AIIwood; Dan Paulin; Ilona Heldal; Mattias Roupe; Mikael Johansson; B(o)rje Westerdahl

    2008-01-01

    The introduction of virtual reality (VR)-models in the city planning process will cause changes in the traditional roles of the involved parties. In order to better understand some of these changes, the events involving the use of VR-models in an architectural competition concerning rebuilding-proposals for the city library in a Swedish city were analyzed. The study shows that VR was introduced into the competition as an extra add-on and that the VR-prasentation was experienced as useful by the jury. The transformation of the architects' contributions into VR was experienced as problematic by the architects, partly because they lost full control over the presentation. In the future architects are likely to have to produce the VR-models for their proposals themselves. This may make it more difficult for smaller architectural firms to enter the market but their proposals will be more accessible to a wider group of stakeholders.

  17. From Strategic Planning to City Branding: Some Empirical Evidence in Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Rizzi

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available In a globalized world where places compete with each other, the image of the city plays a crucial role to attract tourists and investors, and to make citizens stay with satisfaction and avoid their moving away. By exploring the connections and implications between theory and empirical outcomes of some Italian cities as to its attractiveness for tourists and investors, this paper intends to offer a useful overview both for academicians and practitioners. The purpose is not only to go through the extensive literature on strategic planning place marketing and city branding, but to focus specifically on some Italian cases (Turin, Genoa, Venice, Piacenza, where the application of the above mentionedinstruments has provided interesting results to compare.

  18. Sustainable urban energy planning: The case study of a tropical city

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► Sustainable energy planning of tropical cities with hybrid energy technologies competes on economic and environmentally issues. ► We examine variations in the level of energy production. ► The energy planning of cities involves the exportation of pollutants and/or importation of external energy. - Abstract: The urbanization of modern societies has imposed to the planners and decision-makers a more precise attention to facts not considered before. Several aspects, such as the energy availability and the deleterious effect of pollution on the populations, must be considered in the policy decisions of cities urbanization. The current paradigm presents centralized power stations supplying a city, and a combination of technologies may compose the energy mix of a country, such as thermal power plants, hydroelectric plants, wind systems and solar-based systems, with their corresponding emission pattern. A goal programming multi-objective optimization model is presented for the electric expansion analysis of a tropical city, and also a case study for the city of Guaratinguetá, Brazil, considering a particular wind and solar radiation patterns established according to actual data and modeled via the time series analysis method. Scenarios are proposed and the results of single environmental objective, single economic objective and goal programming multi-objective modeling are discussed. The consequences of each dispatch decision, which considers pollutant emission exportation to the neighborhood or the need of supplementing electricity by purchasing it from the public electric power grid, are discussed. The results revealed energetic dispatch for the alternatives studied and the optimum environmental and economic solution was obtained

  19. Framework for reports on urban energy planning in 6 case cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje; Große, Juliane;

    . Therefore it is important to have a joint framework, defining the relevant questions and issues which should be worked on. However, as the six cities are very different, the framework stays at a general level to allow different foci in each of the reports. The main addressee is the WP4-team who will work...... on the case study reports (D4.2). The wider target group are other PLEEC partners who are interested in WP4’s work as well as other professionals who would like to get inspiration how to conduct an analysis of energy issues in relation to spatial planning and urban form in medium-sized cities. Five main...... a general model for energy efficiency and sustainable city planning. By connecting scientific excellence and innovative enterprises in the energy sector with ambitious and well-organized cities, the project aims to reduce energy use in Europe in the near future and will therefore be an important tool...

  20. Solar envelope zoning: application to the city planning process. Los Angeles case study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-06-01

    Solar envelope zoning represents a promising approach to solar access protection. A solar envelope defines the volume within which a building will not shade adjacent lots or buildings. Other solar access protection techniques, such as privately negotiated easements, continue to be tested and implemented but none offer the degree of comprehensiveness evident in this approach. Here, the City of Los Angeles, through the Mayor's Energy Office, the City Planning Department, and the City Attorney's Office, examine the feasibility of translating the concept of solar envelopes into zoning techniques. They concluded that envelope zoning is a fair and consistent method of guaranteeing solar access, but problems of complexity and uncertainty may limit its usefulness. Envelope zoning may be inappropriate for the development of high density centers and for more restrictive community plans. Aids or tools to administer envelope zoning need to be developed. Finally, some combination of approaches, including publicly recorded easements, subdivision approval and envelope zoning, need to be adopted to encourage solar use in cities. (MHR)

  1. CITY PLANNING IN GRAECO-ROMAN TIMES WITH EMPHASIS ON HEALTH FACILITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Cilliers

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In this overview of city planning in Graeco-Roman times, starting with Greek gridiron street planning and functional city zoning in the 9th century BC, emphasis is placed on those aspects related to urban health and recreational activities. Etruscan-Roman expertise in hydraulic engineering facilitated the availability of ample water supplies, e.g. for public baths and latrines, and for efficient drainage systems, which had been problematic in the earlier Greek era. The Pax Romana obviated the need for defensive city walls and also potentiated the establishment and maintenance of long distance water supplies. Before the xenodocheia of the Christian era the only hospitals were Roman military institutions (valetudinaria and some latifundia for sick slaves on large farms. Doctors practiced from very basic consulting facilities (iatreia, later tabernae. Graeco-Roman concepts of “death pollution” restricted structural burial facilities to a minimum, and situated outside the city walls. Greek recreation revolved around athletic sports practiced in stadia, gymnasia and occasionally in urban agoras; dramas were performed in open air theatres. The Romans preferred horse races and blood-thirsty sports in huge amphitheatres in which gladiators fought each other to the death.

  2. Interaction between Cities and Climate Change: Modelling Urban Morphology and Local Urban Planning Scenarios from Open Datasets across European Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Bart; Stevens, Catherine; Grommen, Mart

    2015-04-01

    Cities are characterised by a large spatiotemporal diversity of local climates induced by a superposition of various factors and processes interacting at global and regional scales but also at the micro level such as the urban heat island effect. As urban areas are known as 'hot spots' prone to climate and its variability over time leading to changes in the severity and occurrence of extreme events such as heat waves, it is of crucial importance to capture the spatial heterogeneity resulting from variations in land use land cover (LULC) and urban morphology in an effective way to drive local urban climate simulations. The first part of the study conducted in the framework of the NACLIM FP7 project funded by the European Commission focusses on the extraction of land surface parameters linked to urban morphology characteristics from detailed 3D city models and their relationship with openly accessible European datasets such as the degree of soil sealing and disaggregated population densities from the European Environment Agency (EEA) and the Joint Research Centre (JRC). While it has been demonstrated that good correlations can be found between those datasets and the planar and frontal area indices, the present work has expanded the research to other urban morphology parameters including the average and variation of the building height and the sky view factor. Correlations up to 80% have been achieved depending on the considered parameter and the specific urban area including the cities of Antwerp (Belgium), Berlin (Germany) and Almada (Portugal) represented by different climate and urban characteristics. Moreover, the transferability of the established relations has been investigated across the various cities. Secondly, a flexible and scalable approach as a function of the required the level of detail has been elaborated to update the various morphology parameters in case of integration with urban planning data to analyse the local impact of future land use scenarios

  3. Sustainable living in a Chinese city. Analysis and support for market-conscious urban planning

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, H

    2014-01-01

    In the transition from a state-led industrial to a market-driven post-industrial urban economy, China’s planners are facing challenges in building sustainable living environment for the rapidly increasing and wealthier urban population.Citizens are the end-users of the sustainable city. Their preferences generate the market demands for real estate and transport, which are the basis to promote sustainable planning in the market. To achieve sustainability goals in China, planners need to adopt ...

  4. Spatial planning for Tsunami resilience: a case study of Kochi City, Japan

    OpenAIRE

    Promsaka Na Sakonnakron, Sarunwit

    2015-01-01

    The research argues that the resilience concept can renders coastal cities capable of turning tsunami vulnerability into a window of opportunity to create better living environment and enhance urban resilience against tsunami. Three research objectives are set. The first objective is to describe the disaster resilience in terms of urban planning and find a way to put the theoretical resilience into practice. The second objective is to determine tsunami vulnerable characteristics of the coasta...

  5. Analyzing an Integrated Planning Approach Among Planning Scale and Sector A Case Study of Malang City’s Vision as The City of Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhmad Amirudin

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Integrated planning is more needed by government today because of the complexity of problems and limited resources. Integrated planning can undertake the problems by giving comprehensive solution and provide how much resources are needed to reach the goal. Integrated planning approach is implied to provide better tools to guide actions towards the development of cities, improvement of human conditions, and ultimately a better urbanism. So the research focused on integrated planning in Malang City based on Malang City’s vision, strategic planning, operational planning, budgeting planning in Malang City to achieve Malang City’s vision as the city of Education. In this study, researcher used qualitative method with descriptive research, which is a research process aims to describe the exact nature / something happened and took place on the research conducted. The research purpose is to identify and describe and analyze the process of Malang City Planning Agency integrate other planning scale and sector in developing planning; and to identify, describe and analyze the process of Malang City Planning Agency integrated all stakeholders in Integrated Planning process. This research use descriptive research method. The reason to use descriptive research method in this study because the principle objectives of this study aimed to describe, illustrate in a systematic, factual and accurate statement of the facts and the relationship between phenomenon. Then qualitative method was directed at the individual's background and a holistic (whole. So in this case should not isolate the individual or organization into a variable or hypothesis, but should view it as part of wholeness. The result of this research in the case study of Malang City has shown thatThe case study of Malang City showed that various sectors recognized but did not pay much attention to Malang City’s vision as City of Education in their plans; however, Regional Mid-term Development

  6. Climate Hazard Assessment for Stakeholder Adaptation Planning in New York City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horton, Radley M.; Gornitz, Vivien; Bader, Daniel A.; Ruane, Alex C.; Goldberg, Richard; Rosenzweig, Cynthia

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a time-sensitive approach to climate change projections, developed as part of New York City's climate change adaptation process, that has provided decision support to stakeholders from 40 agencies, regional planning associations, and private companies. The approach optimizes production of projections given constraints faced by decision makers as they incorporate climate change into long-term planning and policy. New York City stakeholders, who are well-versed in risk management, helped pre-select the climate variables most likely to impact urban infrastructure, and requested a projection range rather than a single 'most likely' outcome. The climate projections approach is transferable to other regions and consistent with broader efforts to provide climate services, including impact, vulnerability, and adaptation information. The approach uses 16 Global Climate Models (GCMs) and three emissions scenarios to calculate monthly change factors based on 30-year average future time slices relative to a 30- year model baseline. Projecting these model mean changes onto observed station data for New York City yields dramatic changes in the frequency of extreme events such as coastal flooding and dangerous heat events. Based on these methods, the current 1-in-10 year coastal flood is projected to occur more than once every 3 years by the end of the century, and heat events are projected to approximately triple in frequency. These frequency changes are of sufficient magnitude to merit consideration in long-term adaptation planning, even though the precise changes in extreme event frequency are highly uncertain

  7. UMTRA project water sampling and analysis plan, Falls City, Texas. Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    Planned, routine ground water sampling activities at the US Department of Energy (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site near Falls City, Texas, are described in this water sampling and analysis plan (WSAP). The following plan identifies and justifies the sampling locations, analytical parameters, and sampling frequency for the routine monitoring stations at the site. The ground water data are used for site characterization and risk assessment. The regulatory basis for routine ground water monitoring at UMTRA Project sites is derived from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations in 40 CFR Part 192. Sampling procedures are guided by the UMTRA Project standard operating procedures (SOP) (JEG, n.d.), the Technical Approach Document (TAD) (DOE, 1989), and the most effective technical approach for the site. The Falls City site is in Karnes County, Texas, approximately 8 miles [13 kilometers southwest of the town of Falls City and 46 mi (74 km) southeast of San Antonio, Texas. Before surface remedial action, the tailings site consisted of two parcels. Parcel A consisted of the mill site, one mill building, five tailings piles, and one tailings pond south of Farm-to-Market (FM) Road 1344 and west of FM 791. A sixth tailings pile designated Parcel B was north of FM 791 and east of FM 1344.

  8. UMTRA project water sampling and analysis plan, Falls City, Texas. Revision 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Planned, routine ground water sampling activities at the US Department of Energy (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site near Falls City, Texas, are described in this water sampling and analysis plan (WSAP). The following plan identifies and justifies the sampling locations, analytical parameters, and sampling frequency for the routine monitoring stations at the site. The ground water data are used for site characterization and risk assessment. The regulatory basis for routine ground water monitoring at UMTRA Project sites is derived from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations in 40 CFR Part 192. Sampling procedures are guided by the UMTRA Project standard operating procedures (SOP) (JEG, n.d.), the Technical Approach Document (TAD) (DOE, 1989), and the most effective technical approach for the site. The Falls City site is in Karnes County, Texas, approximately 8 miles [13 kilometers southwest of the town of Falls City and 46 mi (74 km) southeast of San Antonio, Texas. Before surface remedial action, the tailings site consisted of two parcels. Parcel A consisted of the mill site, one mill building, five tailings piles, and one tailings pond south of Farm-to-Market (FM) Road 1344 and west of FM 791. A sixth tailings pile designated Parcel B was north of FM 791 and east of FM 1344

  9. Is City Marketing Opposed to Urban Planning? The Elaboration of a Pilot City Marketing Plan for the Case of Nea Ionia, Magnesia, Greece

    OpenAIRE

    Deffner, Alex; Metaxas, Theodoros

    2006-01-01

    The role of city marketing has been increasingly important in Europe. Today it has become a necessity with regard to the processes of global competition of cities, tourist attraction, urban management, city branding and urban governance. Many European cities support their competitiveness through cultural and tourism development. In addition, the majority of the implemented city marketing policies relate with culture and tourism. City marketing has faced many criticisms, the main one being tha...

  10. A review on salt lake city, Kolkata, India: Master planning and realization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tošković Dobrivoje

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Motivation for construction of Salt Lake City comes from the circumstances characterizing life in Calcutta known by its social, political and cultural activities. Among many problems, the City was faced with poverty and overcrowding. West Bengal Government realized that serious steps have to be taken to resolve the situation. One of the biggest actions of the Government was creation of so called 'NEDECO' Plan for reclamation certain area of the Salted Lakes, followed by the tender for urban planning. The enterprise for water ways Ivan Milutinović was considered the most convenient for both: reclamation and planning. The Conceptualization covers the Main Aims and interests forming plan basis where three factors were selected: urban character, new vs old town, inhabitants and town growth. Follows Existing Land Use Pattern of the Municipal Area. The realization of the Salt Lake Master Plan, as a part of the Municipal Area, is shown through an Overview of Achieved Infrastructure covering Roads, Water Supply, Sewerage, Area Level Storm Water Drainage, Solid Waste Management and, finally, through the Other Municipal Services, such as: Administrative Infrastructure, Health Infrastructure, Greeneries, Water bodies, Socio-Cultural Infrastructure. .

  11. Urban agriculture, food production and city planning in a medium sized city of Turin metropolitan area: a preliminary note which compares geography and local policies

    OpenAIRE

    Artuso, Mario

    2015-01-01

    This research is stated on a main question: do urban and periurban agriculture be considered a valuable source for food supply, environmental, economic and social development in a medium sized city? This question has been addressed considering urban agriculture management in the planning policies of Nichelino, a 48.000 inhabitants city in the Turin Metropolitan area. The results addressed the issue of urban and periurban agriculture considering their spatial distribution and relationships wit...

  12. Urban and transport planning, environmental exposures and health-new concepts, methods and tools to improve health in cities

    OpenAIRE

    Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J.

    2016-01-01

    Background The majority of people live in cities and urbanization is continuing worldwide. Cities have long been known to be society’s predominant engine of innovation and wealth creation, yet they are also a main source of pollution and disease. Methods We conducted a review around the topic urban and transport planning, environmental exposures and health and describe the findings. Results Within cities there is considerable variation in the levels of environmental exposures such as air poll...

  13. Planning, managing and implementing place/city marketing effectively: review and discussion of the last 25 years

    OpenAIRE

    Metaxas, Theodore

    2010-01-01

    One of the most interesting issues in the literature of urban studies, the last thirty years especially,, concern the significance of city marketing procedure on high degree of city competitiveness achievement. The basic questions arising refer to the effectiveness of city marketing and how it can be measured, to the ability of public local authorities to plan and implement promotion policies as well as to the determination of the prerequisites according to which the “final produced good”, wh...

  14. 城市公共空间与城市规划体系的构建%Constructing the City Public Space and City Planning System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪晨; 李珍琪

    2013-01-01

    近年来,由于城市公共空间问题而引发各类冲突事件频频发生,需要我们重新认识和实践城市公共空间规划的作用和意义。本文通过对城市公共空间与城市规划体系的分析,明确如何科学地建立以人民为中心的城市公共空间规划,为创建和谐社会及城市发展更新创造条件。%In recent years, the various conflicts triggered by city public space problems frequently, we need to know and practice the role and significance of city public space planning. This paper through the analysis of city public space and city p-lanning system, pinpoints how to scientifical y establish the ci-ty public space planning taking the people as the center, to cre-ate development and update conditions for the creation of a ha-rmonious society and city.

  15. Tooling up urban planning for climate change mitigation in Malaysian cities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The city's 2-dimensional spatial structure and 3-dimensional form significantly influence its energy and GHG emission intensity. In rapidly developing urban-regions, the ability of the local planning authorities to quantify the spatial structure and form of existing urban areas, new developments and the emergent urban-region in terms of GHG emission is vital to any effective local, national and global climate change mitigation effort. While a wide array of tools has been developed for assessing built environment sustainability at various spatial scales, these are predominantly eco-efficiency rating tools that do not model the 'spatial structure-GHG' relationship and do not illustrate the GHG implications of urban structure and form, which crucially inform local planning decisions with respect to climate change mitigation. This paper takes the first steps in analysing three spatial-based planning models (Envision Tomorrow, GHGProof, URBEMIS) that estimate GHG emissions towards assessing their adaptability for application in Malaysian cities. It looks into the models' inner working, unpacking the variables and their relationships; assumptions and conversion rates used; and their data requirement and structure. The models' characteristics and features are critically compared to evaluate their capabilities, limitations and relevance to the Malaysian urban planning context, particularly in terms of data availability

  16. The City Image and the Local Public Administration: a Working Tool in Urban Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marius Cristian NEACȘU

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this study consist of identifyingand testing in operational terms the concept of cityimage in the decision-making processes, both asfar as the urban planning and the future policies oflocal and regional development are concerned or inthe management of public spaces. It is well-knownthe fact that the simple series of statistical dataand the models based upon them do not sketchout a complete image regarding the urban reality,the perception of habitants at a micro-scale levelabout habituation conditions, illustrated by thecity image, presenting itself as a barometer of thedysfunctionalities encountered in the city. Thus, thepractical implications of this concept based on anew vision in the philosophy of the managementof urban spaces are likely to be interestingenough. Using this tool in the policies and in theactivity of public administration, in urbanism etc.,complementarily to statistical analyses, shouldaccompany any type of local development policyin order to enhance life quality and to transmit acertain life style, well appreciated by the residentswhich should bestow the city distinctiveness anda particular status in the regional and nationalhierarchy. The conceptual scheme of this studyis based on three elements: theory (what doesthe city image represent?, method (how could wemap at a micro-scale level?, case study (whichare the results and the tests of the applicability inthe city of Ploieşti.

  17. Urban surface temperature behaviour and heat island effect in a tropical planned city

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Adeb Qaid; Ossen, Dilshan Remaz; Jamei, Elmira; Manaf, Norhashima Abd; Said, Ismail; Ahmad, Mohd Hamdan

    2015-02-01

    Putrajaya is a model city planned with concepts of a "city in the garden" and an "intelligent city" in the tropics. This study presents the behaviour of the surface temperature and the heat island effect of Putrajaya. Findings show that heat island intensity is 2 °C on average at nighttime and negligible at daytime. But high surface temperature values were recorded at the main boulevard due to direct solar radiation incident, street orientation in the direction of northeast and southwest and low building height-to-street width ratio. Buildings facing each other had cooling effect on surfaces during the morning and evening hours; conversely, they had a warming effect at noon. Clustered trees along the street are effective in reducing the surface temperature compared to scattered and isolated trees. Surface temperature of built up areas was highest at noon, while walls and sidewalks facing northwest were hottest later in the day. Walls and sidewalks that face northwest were warmer than those that face southeast. The surface temperatures of the horizontal street surfaces and of vertical façades are at acceptable levels relative to the surface temperature of similar surfaces in mature cities in subtropical, temperate and Mediterranean climates.

  18. The U-City Paradigm: Opportunities and Risks for E-Democracy in Collaborative Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Rotondo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI tools appear to enhance the possibilities offered by a collaborative approach to planning. The present paper analyzes both the results of experiences of the author and of those available in the literature, highlighting possible advantages and disadvantages. After a brief introduction to the meaning of e-democracy, the second part focuses on the role of ICT in collaborative planning, proceeding in the third part to an illustration of an initial panorama of knowledge gathered using ICT in such processes, while discussing criticisms and opportunities. The fourth part discusses the U-city paradigm as a driver of change in urban planning participation processes. Research perspectives are then outlined in the final part.

  19. The cognitive map's role in urban planning and landscaping. Application to Braila City, Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SILVIA GHIOCA

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Spatial planning and urban planning represent aspects of urban dynamics. They have a complex character and aim to identify some ways of eliminating the territorial disparities, for ensuring the territorial functionality, following up the sustainable develo pment principles. The territorial reality, that is to be investigated for this purpose, can be represented using the mental maps that present the subjective perception of the residents on the environment where they are living. This cognitive perception out lines an urban overview that reflects the local failures. Therefore, the urban overview can function as an instrument of urban rebranding, by its diagnosis and prognosis functions. As regards Brăila City, attractive, repulsive and neutral spaces were ident ified, being created in this way the premises for the appearance of some strategies of territorial planning, in accordance with reality

  20. Alternatives of Strategic Environmental Assessment for Road Traffic Development Planning-Case of Changchun City, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Chong; XU Ye; SHANG Jincheng; Gordon HUANG

    2009-01-01

    On analyzing the achievement of the goal in the modern urban road traffic development planning, the alternative of Strategic Environmental Assessment for urban traffic planning should include the basic scheme, the extended scheme and the environmental protection scheme. This study from different perspectives designed the alternatives for Changchun's county-level road and urban road system planning, and used the method of System Dynamics to simulate, optimize and analyze those alternatives. Thereafter, some methods including the correlation function method were used to comprehensively assess and rank those alternatives for recommending two best alternatives with the consideration to the indicators, such as the total emission amount of CO, the total emission amount of nitrogen oxides, the noise value, the road construction cost, the fossil oil consumption and the traffic capacity. The result showed that the study would provide substantial supports for decision-makers to make more scientific decisions and promote the sustainable urban traffic in Changchun City.

  1. New York City Energy-Water Integrated Planning: A Pilot Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhatt,V.; Crosson, K. M.; Horak, W.; Reisman, A.

    2008-12-16

    The New York City Energy-Water Integrated Planning Pilot Study is one of several projects funded by Sandia National Laboratories under the U.S. Department of Energy Energy-Water Nexus Program. These projects are intended to clarify some key issues and research needs identified during the Energy-Water Nexus Roadmapping activities. The objectives of the New York City Pilot Project are twofold: to identify energy-water nexus issues in an established urban area in conjunction with a group of key stakeholders and to define and apply an integrated energy and water decision support tool, as proof-of-concept, to one or more of these issues. During the course of this study, the Brookhaven National Laboratory project team worked very closely with members of a Pilot Project Steering Committee. The Steering Committee members brought a breadth of experience across the energy, water and climate disciplines, and all are well versed in the particular issues faced by an urban environment, and by New York City in particular. The first task was to identify energy-water issues of importance to New York City. This exercise was followed by discussion of the qualities and capabilities that an ideal decision support tool should display to address these issues. The decision was made to start with an existing energy model, the New York City version of the MARKAL model, developed originally at BNL and now used globally by many groups for energy analysis. MARKAL has the virtue of being well-vetted, transparent, and capable of calculating 'material' flows, such as water use by the energy system and energy requirements of water technology. The Steering Committee members defined five scenarios of interest, representing a broad spectrum of New York City energy-water issues. Brookhaven National Laboratory researchers developed a model framework (Water-MARKAL) at the desired level of detail to address the scenarios, and then attempted to gather the New York City-specific information

  2. Site observational work plan for the UMTRA Project site at Falls City, Texas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    Produced by the US Department of Energy (DOE), this site observational work plan (SOWP) will be used to determine site-specific activities to comply with the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ground water standards at this Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site. The purpose of the SOWP is to recommend a site-specific ground water compliance strategy at the Falls City UMTRA Project site. The Falls City SOWP presents a comprehensive summary of site hydrogeological data, delineates a conceptual model of the aquifer system, and discusses the origins of milling-related ground water contamination. It also defines the magnitude of ground water contamination, potential environmental and health risks associated with ground water contamination and data gaps, and targets a proposed compliance strategy.

  3. Site observational work plan for the UMTRA Project site at Falls City, Texas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Produced by the US Department of Energy (DOE), this site observational work plan (SOWP) will be used to determine site-specific activities to comply with the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ground water standards at this Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site. The purpose of the SOWP is to recommend a site-specific ground water compliance strategy at the Falls City UMTRA Project site. The Falls City SOWP presents a comprehensive summary of site hydrogeological data, delineates a conceptual model of the aquifer system, and discusses the origins of milling-related ground water contamination. It also defines the magnitude of ground water contamination, potential environmental and health risks associated with ground water contamination and data gaps, and targets a proposed compliance strategy

  4. The Influence of Drivers and Barriers on Urban Adaptation and Mitigation Plans-An Empirical Analysis of European Cities.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Reckien

    Full Text Available Cities are recognised as key players in global adaptation and mitigation efforts because the majority of people live in cities. However, in Europe, which is highly urbanized and one of the most advanced regions in terms of environmental policies, there is considerable diversity in the regional distribution, ambition and scope of climate change responses. This paper explores potential factors contributing to such diversity in 200 large and medium-sized cities across 11 European countries. We statistically investigate institutional, socio-economic, environmental and vulnerability characteristics of cities as potential drivers of or barriers to the development of urban climate change plans. Our results show that factors such as membership of climate networks, population size, GDP per capita and adaptive capacity act as drivers of mitigation and adaptation plans. By contrast, factors such as the unemployment rate, warmer summers, proximity to the coast and projected exposure to future climate impacts act as barriers. We see that, overall, it is predominantly large and prosperous cities that engage in climate planning, while vulnerable cities and those at risk of severe climate impacts in the future are less active. Our analysis suggests that climate change planning in European cities is not proactive, i.e. not significantly influenced by anticipated future impacts. Instead, we found that the current adaptive capacity of a city significantly relates to climate planning. Along with the need to further explore these relations, we see a need for more economic and institutional support for smaller and less resourceful cities and those at high risk from climate change impacts in the future.

  5. The Influence of Drivers and Barriers on Urban Adaptation and Mitigation Plans-An Empirical Analysis of European Cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reckien, Diana; Flacke, Johannes; Olazabal, Marta; Heidrich, Oliver

    2015-01-01

    Cities are recognised as key players in global adaptation and mitigation efforts because the majority of people live in cities. However, in Europe, which is highly urbanized and one of the most advanced regions in terms of environmental policies, there is considerable diversity in the regional distribution, ambition and scope of climate change responses. This paper explores potential factors contributing to such diversity in 200 large and medium-sized cities across 11 European countries. We statistically investigate institutional, socio-economic, environmental and vulnerability characteristics of cities as potential drivers of or barriers to the development of urban climate change plans. Our results show that factors such as membership of climate networks, population size, GDP per capita and adaptive capacity act as drivers of mitigation and adaptation plans. By contrast, factors such as the unemployment rate, warmer summers, proximity to the coast and projected exposure to future climate impacts act as barriers. We see that, overall, it is predominantly large and prosperous cities that engage in climate planning, while vulnerable cities and those at risk of severe climate impacts in the future are less active. Our analysis suggests that climate change planning in European cities is not proactive, i.e. not significantly influenced by anticipated future impacts. Instead, we found that the current adaptive capacity of a city significantly relates to climate planning. Along with the need to further explore these relations, we see a need for more economic and institutional support for smaller and less resourceful cities and those at high risk from climate change impacts in the future. PMID:26317420

  6. 关于城市规划与生态化探讨%Discussion on City Planning and Ecologicalization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨希

    2013-01-01

    城市生态规划是生态学有关理论和方法在城市地域和城市规划学科范围内的综合应用。本文讨论了科学确定城市生态规划的目标,正确界定城市生态规划的内容,以及城市生态规划需要解决的问题,并提出了几点解决建议。%City ecological planning is the comprehensive app-lication of ecology theories and methods in the city region and range of city planning subject. This paper discusses the scienti-fic determination of city ecological planning objectives, the c-orrect definition of city ecological planning content, and city e-cological planning problems need to be solved, and puts forw-ard some suggestions of solution.

  7. Strategic energy planning within local authorities in the UK: A study of the city of Leeds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper considers the development of a strategic energy body in a local authority in the UK and looks at the perceived need for, and possible roles of, such a body. Historically, energy provision and management has not usually been a strategic priority for UK local authorities. Yet energy considerations are implicit in key local authority responsibilities such as transport, waste management, planning, and the provision of housing services. In addition, recent UK central government policies support the move to localism and provide incentives for low-carbon energy generation. A study was undertaken to assess the potential (including both the perceived benefits and actual capacity to deliver) for Leeds City Council to develop a strategic body to execute delivery of city-level energy decision-making. We examine the perceived benefits to a range of main stakeholders, using data drawn from interviews with managers responsible for low-carbon and renewable energy projects across the city. Through participant observation we explore the capacity of a local authority to deliver a strategic energy body, and we briefly examine the possible forms of delivery. We conclude with recommendations for national policy that would enable the development of strategic energy bodies across local governments in the UK. - Highlights: ► Strategic energy planning is currently not a priority for UK local authorities. ► We present an empirical study of strategic energy planning in local authorities. ► Results from stakeholder interviews suggest support for a strategic energy body. ► We identify the capacity barriers to implementing a strategic energy body. ► We make recommendations for ways forward and support needed from national policy.

  8. Visualizing the data city social media as a source of knowledge for urban planning and management

    CERN Document Server

    Ciuccarelli, Paolo; Simeone, Luca

    2014-01-01

    This book investigates novel methods and technologies for the collection, analysis, and representation of real-time user-generated data at the urban scale in order to explore potential scenarios for more participatory design, planning, and management processes. For this purpose, the authors present a set of experiments conducted in collaboration with urban stakeholders at various levels (including citizens, city administrators, urban planners, local industries, and NGOs) in Milan and New York in 2012. It is examined whether geo-tagged and user-generated content can be of value in the creation

  9. Long-term surveillance plan for the Tuba City, Arizona disposal site

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-02-01

    This long-term surveillance plan (LTSP) for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project disposal site at Tuba City, Arizona, describes the site surveillance activities. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) will carry out these activities to ensure the disposal cell continues to function as designed. This final LTSP was prepared as a requirement for acceptance under the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) general license for custody and long-term care of residual radioactive materials (RRM) (10 CFR {section}40.27).

  10. GIS技术在城市规划中的应用%Application of GIS technology to City Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李治

    2012-01-01

    It depicts state-of-art of (;IS research domain, presents the application of GIS technology to ciW planning, introduces the problems of GIS to city planning, gives the fbreground of the application of GIS technology to city planning.%叙述了GIS研究领域的发展现状,分析了GIS技术在城市规划中的应用,介绍了GIS在城市规划应用中存在的问题,对GIS技术在城市规则中的应用前景做了展望,

  11. The application of environmental economics in marine functional zoning and coastal city conceptual planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    There are a lot of functions of marine resources.The various and competing conflicts between different users and different sectors in th euse of marine resources will cause the disorderly development of marine resources,and even destroy the marine ecosystem.Marine functional zoning is an effective tool to solve the conflicts.However,there are some shortcomings in the current understanding on marine functional zoning and its practice.In this paper,a case study on the resource-oriented marine functional zoning of Xiangshan Port is introduced.By the prmeiples of resource-oriented and public participation,Xiangshan Pon is divided into seven zones.and the main function of the whole port and seven zones are determined by the environmental economics analysis.A case study of Xiamen is also introduced for how to integrate marine functional zoning into a coastal city conceptual planning.Under the conservation prmciple,resources-oriented principle and so on,the advantages and disadvantages of natural ecosystem,social ecosystem and econnomic ecosystem are holistically analyzed,the urban orientation of Xiamen is determined as a regional international tourism ciif,and the whole city is divided into five function zones according to its leading industry-tourism.Resource-oriented marine functional zoning has a long-term guidance for sustainable use of marine resources and development strategy of a coastal city.And environmental economics analysis is an effective tool for resource-orientation.

  12. The Role of Development Agencies in Touristic Branding of Cities, A Document Analysis on Regional Plans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emrah ÖZKUL

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of present research is to determine the role of development agencies in which the branding of cities in the region. At research, the role of development agencies; identification of unknown tourist values, determination and improving of deficiencies, opportunities, were investigated in accordance with the agency's goals and objectives. To achieve this goal used in document analysis from qualitative research methods and Regional Plans were investigated which was published by the Development Agencies. The data obtained were subjected to descriptive analysis, in the case of some unidentified concepts by going in-depth content analysis. Despite all the advantages of having Turkey, made enough promotion of national and international level many regions in Turkey and so the tourism industry has led to overshadowed by the industrial and agricultural sectors. For this reason, development agencies determining the values of regional tourism have undertaken to task of changing perceptions of tourist consumers with their targeted projects on behalf of perform the city branding. Thus, was concluded that cities could become a center of attraction and the brand both investors and visitors.

  13. An Example of City Disaster Plan in the Context of Integrated Disaster Management with Un sufficient Legal Structure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Disaster management of a city, in coherent, stable and true manner, were realized by understanding and organizing of the disaster plan. When we consider the earthquake hazard of Marmara Region, it was investigated by the scientific studies how -a world city- Istanbul were effected this earthquake. When we consider the scientific data and we take a base the current legal structure of our country, the aim of the disaster plan is to provide the fist and emergency aid for the citizens when the destructive earthquake were occurred and effected the general life. This disaster plan includes base of the coordination and helping each other of the activity which all institution and organizations will do during possible disaster. The aims of making of plan is to provide the cooperation and collaboration between before the disaster and to act urgently during the disaster, and to provide the following necessary activity. This necessary activity as main headlines are; the providing of communication and transportation; regulation of traffic; rescue; emergency medical aid, to transportation patient and injured people to the hospitals; to put out fire; to provide security and public order; eating, dressing, heating and lighting studies; to provide temporary housing; the burial of dead citizens; to remove wreckage; to repair and to re-provide the electrical, water and canalization construction. In this study, it will mainly be presented Istanbul city disaster plan. Disaster plan of this city were produced by the intensive and sacrificial efforts with Turkish legal system. After that, disaster plan must updated as soon as possible. However government must regulate current legal system ( or the body of current law) related disaster plan. City disaster plan, which even construct well, include only the operations after the disaster. Before disaster, methods of preventive precaution against the disaster must add the plan with applicable legal system

  14. Strategic Planning for Grapes Product Development in Takestan City Through using SWOT Matrix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoud Rahmani

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Achieving development, particularly development in agriculture sector requires principled efficient planning and accurate implementation of the plan. This involves exact awareness of facilities, opportunities, capabilities and constraints in reaching a favorable situation. This study aims at identifying the strategies required for success and development in local and global markets of grapes through using SWOT (Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats method. It firstly studies the theoretical principles of strategic planning process and strategic management, then it gathers internal factors (weaknesses and strengths and external factors (opportunities and threats pertaining to the grapes product development via questionnaires distributed among the statistical universe and analyzes them through SWOT method. To recognize the attractiveness of the identified strategies, QSPM (Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix matrix has been applied. The results reveal that continuous assessment of the competitors and their services contributes to the improvement of the products value added; and creating marketing networks and extensive campaigns are the most appropriate strategies in penetrating into the regional and global markets in order to develop grapes product of Takestan City. Furthermore, endeavors to achieve financial resources through ventures with foreign and domestic investors and applying modern technology and updated scientific findings have a considerable impact on developing grapes product.

  15. Strategic Planning for Tourism Development by SWOT Method (Case Study: Shiraz City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Hadiani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Extended abstract1- Introduction Nowadays, tourism as a dynamic industry and unique characteristics includes an important part of economic activities and production in the developed and developing countries. This industry covers all the phenomena and relationships resulting from the interaction of tourists, suppliers and vendors of tourism products, governments and host communities, in the process of attracting and welcoming of tourists. Results and achievements of the tourism industry involve considerable results such as aspects of employment and its impact on development and economic -social functions mentioned in a region or country. For the city of Shiraz that has numerous cultural attractions and historical and natural potential, development of tourism industry can be very helpful. 2- MethodologyThe methodology of this research was based on descriptive-analytical methods. For collecting information and data required, documentation and field studies such as interviews and using these data, the attractions, facilities, services and tourism situation in region has been investigated. Then, the SWOT analysis matrix was used for data analysis and presentation of tourism development strategies in the Shiraz city.3- DiscussionThe Shiraz city due to good weather and having historical and unique civilization sites is one of tourism centers in national and international levels. These city due to Persepolis neighborhood, each year hosts a large number of domestic and foreign tourists. Moreover, Shiraz has valuable natural potential. But so far, this city failed to their real position in tourism field, especially in terms of attracting tourists and the number of tourists to achieve stability coefficient. In this paper, SWOT strategic planning process has been used for analyzing the functioning of tourism in Shiraz. A four-stage process of strategic planning including: first, external (opportunities and threats and internal (strengths and weaknesses

  16. Complexity Theories of Cities Have Come of Age An Overview with Implications to Urban Planning and Design

    CERN Document Server

    Meyer, Han; Stolk, Egbert; Tan, Ekim

    2012-01-01

    Today, our cities are an embodiment of the complex, historical evolution of knowledge, desires and technology. Our planned and designed activities co-evolve with our aspirations, mediated by the existing technologies and social structures.  The city represents the accretion and accumulation of successive layers of collective activity, structuring and being structured by other, increasingly distant cities, reaching now right around the globe. This historical and structural development cannot therefore be understood or captured by any set of fixed quantitative relations. Structural changes imply that the patterns of growth, and their underlying reasons change over time, and therefore that any attempt to control the morphology of cities and their patterns of flow by means of planning and design, must be dynamical, based on the mechanisms that drive the changes occurring at a given moment. This carefully edited post-proceedings volume gathers a snapshot view by leading researchers in field, of current complexity...

  17. ANALYSIS FOR MARKETING STRATEGY PLAN OF NANCHANG CITY CHINA POST LOGISTICS COMPANY IN OTC-MEDICINAL MARKET : Study Case: Nanchang City China Post Logistics co.ltd (NCCNPL)

    OpenAIRE

    Wei, Qin

    2012-01-01

    Nanchang City, China Post Logistics Co ltd (NCCNPL) is a subsidiary of China post group, located in Jiangxi Province. The company established in January 18, 2003. NCCNPL is stated-owned enterprise logistics business collected storage, packaging, distribution, processing, cargo handling, transport and information services in a modern intergraded logistics enterprise. It is a professional logistics company that covers nationwide. The thesis idea is clearly to analyse the marketing strategy plan...

  18. Robustness and Closeness Centrality for Self-Organized and Planned Cities

    CERN Document Server

    Masucci, A Paolo

    2015-01-01

    Street networks are important infrastructural transportation systems that cover a great part of the planet. It is now widely accepted that transportation properties of street networks are better understood in the interplay between the street network itself and the so called \\textit{information} or \\textit{dual network}, which embeds the topology of the street network navigation system. In this work, we present a novel robustness analysis, based on the interaction between the primal and the dual transportation layer for two large metropolis, London and Chicago, thus considering the structural differences to intentional attacks for \\textit{self-organized} and planned cities. We elaborate the results through an accurate closeness centrality analysis in the Euclidean space and in the relationship between primal and dual space. Interestingly enough, we find that even if the considered planar graphs display very distinct properties, the information space induce them to converge toward systems which are similar in t...

  19. Integrated planning of the development of a city in terms of the diurnal activity of its residents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mierzejewska Lidia

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The change in Poland’s systemic conditions and its membership of the European Union make it necessary to take a new look at the organisation, structure and operation of the Polish planning system. In place of two, not always well coordinated, types of planning: socio-economic, now called strategic, and physical, integrated planning is proposed which seeks to combine those two categories into a single stream and treat the objects of planning as a functional whole. This type of approach is recommended by international organisations of urban planners (the New Athens Charter and academic planners. Integrated planning of urban development is also written in the Leipzig Charter on Sustainable European Cities, an EU urban policy document. However, each planning procedure requires the adoption of certain initial assumptions on which to base the conception of an integrated plan of the socio-economic and spatial development of a city that would accommodate its natural, social and economic spheres. The special character of a city as a living environment (a large population number, high population density, many social structures, etc. demands giving the assumptions an anthropocentric orientation, i.e. with human beings as the addressees of the planned measures. This means that human needs should figure most prominently in the formulation of the assumptions of urban development. And since man’s diurnal activity is one of the best indicators of articulated needs, an analysis of this activity can provide a basis for the formulation of development assumptions. In this paper we present a general model of integrated planning of the development of a city formulated primarily in terms of the diurnal activity of its residents, but also employing other factors.

  20. Development of a raw water master plan model to assist long range drought and water conservation planning for the city of Louisville, Colorado

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The City of Louisville, a municipal corporation charged with meeting the water demands of almost 5,000 water accounts and faced with a diminishing supply of available senior water rights on South Boulder Creek determined the need for a Raw Water Master Plan to define future water needs for its service area. The Master Plan investigated the City's water rights, conveyance and storage facilities, current and future water demands, and conservation techniques for reduction of demand. To analyze the effects of potential drought conditions, it was necessary to study stream hydrology and develop forecasting techniques and a computer model (SYSTEM) to simulate historical yields from water rights through operation of the City's conveyance and storage facilities

  1. Tactics and Strategy for the SEAP - Action Plan for Sustainable Energy. The city of Alessandria as a case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Savio

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The European Union has included, since 2007, in its Plan for Energy Efficiency, a specific action addressed to the Cities: the Covenant of Mayors. The initiative involves directly the Mayors, who, signing a document of adhesion, will commit to go beyond the EU target of CO2 reduction, implementing a SEAP: Strategic Energy Action Plan. The SEAP is an innovative planning tool, which allows the city to build an overall scenario for reducing CO2 emissions, with actions belonging to different sectors. In all the steps following the signing of the Covenant (adoption, monitoring, updating the SEAP it is crucial, for the city, to adopt an effective coordination, able to put a system not only the social actors with key roles, but also all the past experiences, the best practices, demonstration projects and everything which, in the local context, can be con- sidered strategic for a sustainable urban regeneration. In Italy, the Covenant had a considerable success, with more than 1,800 cities, the 55% of the total in Europe. The city of Alessandria can be considered an interesting case study, because the SEAP development was integrated to the European Demonstrative Project Concerto AL Piano, aimed at the regeneration of a urban district, making it sustainable from the energy consumption point of view. The research group of Politecnico di Torino supported Alessandria in all the process.

  2. Building Analysis for Urban Energy Planning Using Key Indicators on Virtual 3d City Models - the Energy Atlas of Berlin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krüger, A.; Kolbe, T. H.

    2012-07-01

    In the context of increasing greenhouse gas emission and global demographic change with the simultaneous trend to urbanization, it is a big challenge for cities around the world to perform modifications in energy supply chain and building characteristics resulting in reduced energy consumption and carbon dioxide mitigation. Sound knowledge of energy resource demand and supply including its spatial distribution within urban areas is of great importance for planning strategies addressing greater energy efficiency. The understanding of the city as a complex energy system affects several areas of the urban living, e.g. energy supply, urban texture, human lifestyle, and climate protection. With the growing availability of 3D city models around the world based on the standard language and format CityGML, energy system modelling, analysis and simulation can be incorporated into these models. Both domains will profit from that interaction by bringing together official and accurate building models including building geometries, semantics and locations forming a realistic image of the urban structure with systemic energy simulation models. A holistic view on the impacts of energy planning scenarios can be modelled and analyzed including side effects on urban texture and human lifestyle. This paper focuses on the identification, classification, and integration of energy-related key indicators of buildings and neighbourhoods within 3D building models. Consequent application of 3D city models conforming to CityGML serves the purpose of deriving indicators for this topic. These will be set into the context of urban energy planning within the Energy Atlas Berlin. The generation of indicator objects covering the indicator values and related processing information will be presented on the sample scenario estimation of heating energy consumption in buildings and neighbourhoods. In their entirety the key indicators will form an adequate image of the local energy situation for

  3. Family planning barriers in marginal contexts in Mexico City, Federal District: vision of the health care provider

    OpenAIRE

    Marcela Agudelo B

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To approach the barriers to providing services of family planning in marginal areas of Iztapalapa and Tlalpan in the Federal District of Mexico City, from the perspective of health providers. Methodology: Qualitative exploration involved through focus groups with healthcare providers, both public and private, further topics such as socio-environmental, unmet needs in sexual and reproductive health (including family planning), relations gender, among others. Results:We found that ...

  4. Urban Risk Reduction Through Effective Disaster Management Plan-A Case Study Of Shimla City Himachal Pradesh India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhavna Karki

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract By 2050 70 of the worlds population will live in urban areas. In India the urban population has increased from 217 million to 377 million in last two decades .With increasing population the associated risk and vulnerability has also increased. As cities continue to grow there is increased pressure on resources exposure of lives livelihoods and economic social and environmental assets to risk is set to increase exponentially. Recognised as one of the best cities for public services and one of the oldest Municipal Corporation in India Shimla city is situated at the traverse spur of the Central Himalayas at 31004 N to 31010 N latitude and 77005 E to 77015 E longitude at an altitude of 2397.59 m metres amsl. This paper aims at underlying the role of Shimla Municipal Corporation SMC as local government in managing disasters in the city along with effective planning and risk assessments.

  5. 78 FR 35951 - Proposed Low-Effect Habitat Conservation Plan for the City of Santa Cruz Graham Hill Water...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-14

    ... temporary habitat loss on Zayante sandy soils at the water treatment facility with plants native to the... Fish and Wildlife Service Proposed Low-Effect Habitat Conservation Plan for the City of Santa Cruz... minor temporary and long-term impacts to Mount Hermon June beetle habitat within Santa Cruz...

  6. Potovanje v neznano: strategic spatial planning in post-communist cities: strateško prostorsko načrtovanje v posocialističnih mestih: Venturing into unknown territory:

    OpenAIRE

    Tsenkova, Sasha

    2011-01-01

    Recent planning practice in post-communist cities indicates a growing interest in strategic spatial planning. In their search for new planning paradigms and more flexible approaches to city planning, municipalities in post-communist cities have embraced strategic planning as a way to involve residents, the business community and various stakeholders in defining a vision for the future. Drawing on the experience of six capital cities - Prague, St Petersburg, Vilnius, Sofia, Budapest and Riga -...

  7. Review Pages: Planning For Smart Cities. Dealing With New Urban Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gennaro Angiello

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always remaining in the groove of rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. During the last two years a particular attention has been paid on the Smart Cities theme and on the different meanings that come with it. The last section of the journal is formed by the Review Pages. They have different aims: to inform on the problems, trends and evolutionary processes; to investigate on the paths by highlighting the advanced relationships among apparently distant disciplinary fields; to explore the interaction’s areas, experiences and potential applications; to underline interactions, disciplinary developments but also, if present, defeats and setbacks. Inside the journal the Review Pages have the task of stimulating as much as possible the circulation of ideas and the discovery of new points of view. For this reason the section is founded on a series of basic’s references, required for the identification of new and more advanced interactions. These references are the research, the planning acts, the actions and the applications, analysed and investigated both for their ability to give a systematic response to questions concerning the urban and territorial planning, and for their attention to aspects such as the environmental sustainability and the innovation in the practices. For this purpose the Review Pages are formed by five sections (Web Resources; Books; Laws; Urban Practices; News and Events, each of which examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage of interest for TeMA.

  8. Smart City and Wise Urban Planning%智慧城市与智慧的城市规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓毛颖

    2015-01-01

    通过对智慧城市系统性的认知,全面梳理智慧城市从发起到实际应用的动态发展脉络,找到智慧城市得以不断发展壮大的源动力。从智慧城市建设的基础入手,深入探讨了国内外智慧城市建设的发展路径、建设条件和发展趋势。从对城市规划理论对智慧城市的引导,以及虚拟空间对城市网络化空间结构的影响关系入手,提出智慧城市规划的初步构想和空间布局优化策略。%This paper,based on a systematic knowledge of smart city,comprehensively sorts the dynamic develop-ment context of smart city from initiation to practical application,to find the source of why smart city can continue to develop.Beginning with the infrastructure of smart city construction,it deeply discusses the development of do-mestic and foreign smart city construction,construction conditions and trends.Concerning the impact on urban spa-tial structure of smart city virtual space as well as the interaction between city planning theory and the guidance to smart city,it presents the preliminary ideas of smart city and the optimization strategies of space layout.

  9. Planning and mangement of historic cities - a Czech approach and example of a world heritage city of Telč

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Drdácký, Miloš

    Praha : ÚTAM AV ČR, 2004 - (Drdácký, M.), s. 275-288 ISBN 80-86246-22-1 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z2071913 Keywords : cultural heritage * preservation * safeguarding plan Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  10. Application of System Dynamics model as decision making tool in urban planning process toward stabilizing carbon dioxide emissions from cities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In spite of the fact that cities are the main sources of CO2 emissions, presently there are still no specific measures directly addressing the global warming issue in the urban planning process in Malaysia. The present study thus aims to shed new light in the urban planning sector in Malaysia by adopting System Dynamics Model as one of the decision making tools in the urban planning process, with specific considerations on the future CO2 emission trends. This paper presented projections of future CO2 emission trends based on the case of Iskandar Development Region of Malaysia, under various options of urban policies, using the System Dynamics Model. The projections demonstrated the capability of the said model in serving as a decision making tool in the urban planning process, with specific reference to CO2 emissions from cities. Recommendations have been made on the possible approach of adopting the model in the process of Structure Plan study. If the current model was successfully adopted in the urban planning process in Malaysia, it will mark the first step for Malaysia in taking specific considerations on the issues of CO2 emissions and global warming in the urban planning process. (author)

  11. Business plan for a european style coffee shop in Ho Chi Minh city : case: AT Ltd. Company

    OpenAIRE

    Tran, Vu Ai

    2013-01-01

    This thesis is aimed to assist AT Company in its venture of running a European style coffee shop in Ho Chi Minh City. Hence, based on an analysis of the potential of the Vietnamese coffee industry with a focus on the Ho Chi Minh City market, its creative business idea is formulated together with new concepts. Correspondingly, a business plan is generated to describe an appropriate direction for the venture. In the sphere of the thesis, the author only concentrates on the process of implementi...

  12. Urban planning of a global city space: hi-hume technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krivykh Elena Georgievna

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the problem of urban planning of new social space of metropolises in order to involve Hi-hume technologies in this process, which are formed under the decisive influence of information technologies. Centrifugal tendencies are strengthened in the process of urbanization. The metropolis reflecting the diversity of its functions is turning into a "space of stream" with a polycentric structure, imbued with functional links. The need for reverse social bonds makes it necessary to create an effective communication interaction by means of modern architecture and urban planning decisions. Hi-hume technologies are presented as ones that provide a certain human behavior to create a harmonic friendly and self-sufficient environment. The space activity of people (in a professional sense - the activity of an architect in the intention boiled down to design and distribution of meanings within a universal theoretical and methodological system or to formation of the "urban artifact" in a unique historical and cultural context. There are specific examples of formation of the 21st century metropolis: the projects of complex development of the Big Paris and in Russia - the project of the Big Moscow. The increased sociability (of a human being is the subject of philosophical reflection over the interpretation of the new form of sociality as essentially communicative. Le Corbusier gives an idea of the primacy of the internal space over the external in the world-view of a person and suggests the necessity of sustaining spatial immune systems to protect a person against the absorption in social superstructures. Architects defend the idea of the "emotional experience of emptiness" necessity by the residents of cities. Hi-Tech has outpaced the development of the social sphere. And significance of Hi-hume technologies is that they contribute to social selection of individuals, who are the conductors of their impact.

  13. 城市公共空间与城市规划体系的构建%Constructing the City Public Space and City Planning System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨江山; 郭超

    2014-01-01

    本文首先对城市公共空间的定义进行了分析和阐述,进而以以人为本的思想,探讨了城市规划体系的构建方法和措施,以期对推动城市的和谐稳定发展提供帮助。%This paper analyzes and expounds the definition of city public space,discusses the methods and measures of urban planning system construction on the base of people-oriented so as to promote the society's harmonious and stable develop-pment.

  14. Optimization of the Waterbus Operation Plan Considering Carbon Emissions: The Case of Zhoushan City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juying Wang

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Recently, as more people are concerned with the issues around environment protection, research about how to reduce carbon emissions has drawn increasing attention. Encouraging public transportation is an effective measure to reduce carbon emissions. However, overland public transportation does less to lower carbon because of the gradually increasing pressure of the urban road traffic. Therefore, the waterbus along the coast becomes a new direction of the urban public transport development. In order to optimize the operation plan of the waterbus, a bi-level model considering carbon emissions is proposed in this paper. In the upper-level model, a multiple objective model is established, which considers both the interests of the passengers and the operator while considering the carbon emissions. The lower-level model is a traffic model split by using a Nested Logit model. A NSGA-II (Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm-II algorithm is proposed to solve the model. Finally, the city of Zhoushan is chosen as an example to prove the feasibility of the model and the algorithm. The result shows that the proposed model for waterbus operation optimization can efficiently reduce transportation carbon emissions and satisfy passenger demand at the same time.

  15. Decarbonising cities and the role of remote sensing for planning, developing, and monitoring low carbon precincts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Although space technologies are extremely useful to environmental researchers, the contribution that they make in monitoring city greenhouse gas emissions is limited to measuring those emissions. Standing alone, satellite technology is incapable of advancing the goal of decarbonisation. This goal will be achieved only if municipalities find local methodologies that reduce carbon emissions. Once these methodologies are implemented, the satellite measurements can demonstrate if remedial actions are succeeding. This paper is based on current work done jointly with municipalities to ascertain where, within urban systems, emissions originate and how they can ultimately be reduced. It both presents remote sensing as helpful to decarbonising precincts and discusses the impact of certain carbon mitigating strategies. Considerable potential exists for the use of satellite measurements and remote sensing to assist local authorities in planning, mapping, modelling, and developing low carbon infrastructure. The challenge is converting satellite-derived data into the kind of information that allows precinct communities, together with other stakeholders, to make decisions that result in low carbon outcomes at the precinct scale

  16. Spatial Planning and High-tech Development A comparative study of Eindhoven city-region, the Netherlands and Hsinchu City-region, Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-Ju Huang

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available High-tech development—which lies at the very heart of the processes of economic growth—has been recognised by many developed and developing countries as a strategic instrument to enhance and sustain their competitiveness in the global economic network. Although the concept of high-tech development differs between countries, many share the underlying assumption that the core of high-tech development is to create a sound environment where innovation thrives. This ideology implies a definite spatial dimension. As a result, various spatial strategies have been formulated and implemented to support high-tech development. This has had intentional and unintentional effects on the economy, society and space.Numerous studies have been devoted to exploring, analysing and theorising this global phenomenon. However, there has been less attention given to the role spatial planning may play in the process of high-tech development and to the factors that shape the spatial planning approaches to high-tech development in a particular place. The major objectives of this research are to advance the knowledge of the role of spatial planning in the process of high-tech development, and to establish an analytical framework that helps reveal the major institutional factors that shape spatial planning mechanisms for dealing with the spatial issues of high-tech development in different places. This contributes to the field of high-tech spatial policies transfer and lesson-drawing.In order to explore the major factors that shape the practices of spatial planning in hightech development, a comparative approach is applied in this research. The Eindhoven city-region in the Netherlands and the Hsinchu city-region in Taiwan are selected as case study areas. Both city-regions can be recognised as success stories of high-tech development not only on a national scale but also on a global scale, despite the fact that they apply different approaches. In the Eindhoven city

  17. Multi-criteria evaluation in strategic environmental assessment for waste management plan, a case study: the city of Belgrade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Josimović, Boško; Marić, Igor; Milijić, Saša

    2015-02-01

    Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is one of the key instruments for implementing sustainable development strategies in planning in general; in addition to being used in sectoral planning, it can also be used in other areas such as waste management planning. SEA in waste management planning has become a tool for considering the benefits and consequences of the proposed changes in space, also taking into account the capacity of space to sustain the implementation of the planned activities. In order to envisage both the positive and negative implications of a waste management plan for the elements of sustainable development, an adequate methodological approach to evaluating the potential impacts must be adopted and the evaluation results presented in a simple and clear way, so as to allow planners to make relevant decisions as a precondition for the sustainability of the activities planned in the waste management sector. This paper examines the multi-criteria evaluation method for carrying out an SEA for the Waste Management Plan for the city of Belgrade (BWMP). The method was applied to the evaluation of the impacts of the activities planned in the waste management sector on the basis of the environmental and socioeconomic indicators of sustainability, taking into consideration the intensity, spatial extent, probability and frequency of impact, by means of a specific planning approach and simple and clear presentation of the obtained results. PMID:25464940

  18. City marketing - a significant planning tool for urban development in a globalised economy

    OpenAIRE

    Liouris, Christos; Deffner, Alex

    2005-01-01

    In our days it is a fact that what is projected as the 'image' of a city, can be more important than the reality of the city itself, in shaping visitors', investors', and even its own inhabitants' opinion of it. Marketing techniques are often used to help a city's transformation into a post-industrial centre of tourism, culture and redevelopment. In addition, urban tourism is playing an increasingly important role in deciding economic development strategies by the local governance authorities...

  19. Planning for Coastal Ecotourism: A way to develop physical development at city (case study: Bandar Abbas)

    OpenAIRE

    SIAHOOEI, Elham Ameri; SHAHHOSSEINI, Gelareh

    2015-01-01

    Abstract. In our country, numerous cities have been developed at the water's edge, in which sea as a strong edge has a heavy effect on identity and culture of city. With regard to presence of cities and tourists besides sea, it is important to note that the everywhere a city has been located besides sea around which the coast can create an urban space. Nowadays, ecotourism among all forms of tourism has been witnessed with a special place and substantial growth. Ecotourism refers to a respons...

  20. Achievement of Climate Planning Objectives among U.S. Member Cities of the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clinton, Kelsey W.; Lam, Nina S. N.

    2016-01-01

    In an effort to address climate change, many cities have joined the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) whose members commit to work toward five specific program objectives designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This study examines the extent to which 257 member cities in the US have been successful in achieving these program milestones and identifies factors that may explain variation in the performance of member cities. Potential influences on milestone attainment include socioeconomic, political and ideological characteristics of residents, length of ICLEI membership, existence of other climate programs within the state, and local environmental pressures. Multiple regression results indicate that length of membership is the strongest predictor of milestone attainment, regardless of local socioeconomic conditions, ideological and political orientations of residents, or other climate-related initiatives within the state. This finding supports the general effectiveness of ICLEI’s network organizational model and its outreach and education efforts. However, member cities facing more “climate stress”, including higher levels of hazardous air pollutants (HAP’s) and greater automobile use among residents are making slower progress. The findings yield insight into the conditions under which cities engaged in climate planning are more likely to succeed in reducing local greenhouse gas emissions-relevant information for planners, community stakeholders and administrators of organizations like ICLEI.

  1. A Regular City

    OpenAIRE

    Arina Sharavina

    2015-01-01

    The article describes the first plans of Chita, which served as the basis for the city development. It presents contribution to the city history made by the Decembrist Dmiry Zavalishin’s, who was the first author of the city development plan. Peculiarities of the quarter development of the realized city plan are also presented.

  2. Digitisation Project Planning in the Maribor City Library as a Form of Regional Cross Institutional Cooperation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Hriberšek Vuk

    2013-09-01

    Pohorju. The next project was initiated in cooperation with the Vurberk Tourist Association who contributed the photos for the exhibition about the Vurberk castle held at one of the branch libraries at Duplek. The Tourist Association was interested in the digitisation of their collection. Our partnership was extended to the Ivan Potrč Library of Ptuj and the Maribor University Library. In 201046 photos of the castle and the sanatorium of pulmonary disease, which was located in the castle during the second war, were digitised together with 12 postcards dating at the end of 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, and five older books about Vurberk. At first these items were accessible via dLib.si portal and later via the KAMRA portal, too. Although the Maribor City Library does not digitise such a large portion of library collection as other public libraries, it tries to cooperate in projects and ensure access to local history collections held by regional institutions. The partnership with the Maribor Regional Archive was to be established in 2012. A selection of materials of the former Tovarna avtomobilov Maribor (TAM was planned to be digitised. The factory was the leading national truck manufacturer in the postwar period. However, it was ruined at the end of the 20th century. A lot of local families were related to the factory. Because of the actuality of the theme, it is hoped that the project will reach its primary goal to attract a wide range of people.

  3. Quantitative analysis of ecological effects for land use planning based on ecological footprint method: a case research in Nanyang City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jing; Liu, Yaolin; Chen, Xinming

    2008-10-01

    The research of coordinated development between land use and ecological building is a new problem with the development of country economy, whose intention is to improve economy development and protect eco-environment in order to realize regional sustainable development. Evaluating human effects on the ecosystem by a comprehensive, scientific and quantitative method is a critical issue in the process of general land use planning. At present, ecological footprint methodology, as an excellent educational tool applicable to global issues, is essential for quantifying humanity's consumption of natural capital, for overall assessments of human impact on earth as well as for general land use planning. However, quantitative studies on the development trends of ecological footprint (EF) time series and biological capacity (BC) time series in a given region are still rare. Taking Nanyang City as a case study, this paper presents two quantitative estimate indices over time scale called the change rate and scissors difference to quantitatively analyze the trends of EF and BC over the planning period in general land use planning form 1997-2004 and to evaluate the ecological effects of the land use general planning form 1997 to.2010. The results showed that: 1 In Nanyang city, trends of the per capita EF and BC were on the way round, and the ecological deficit enhanced from 1997 to 2010. 2 The difference between the two development trends of per capita EF and BC had been increasing rapidly and the conflict between the EF and BC was aggravated from 1997 to 2010. 3 The general land use planning (1997 - 2010) of Nanyang city had produced some positive effects on the local ecosystem, but the expected biological capacity in 2010 can hardly be realized following this trend. Therefore, this paper introduces a "trinity" land use model in the guidelines of environment- friendly land use pattern and based on the actual situation of Nanyang city, with the systemic synthesis of land

  4. Evacuation plan of the city of almere: simulating the impact of driving behavior on evacuation clearance time

    OpenAIRE

    Tu, H.; Tamminga, G.F.; De Wit, J.; Berg, W

    2010-01-01

    The evacuation clearance time is one of the key indicators in an evacuation plan and is determined by the expected behavior of the endangered residents and roadway network characteristics. The city of Almere has developed an evacuation plan in case of the emergency of a flooding, but assumes a normal driving behavior of the evacuees. In this paper a microscopic S-Paramics simulation framework in an evacuation condition is set up to assess the impact of variations in driving behavior on the ev...

  5. Collaborating to Innovate: Achievements and Challenges in the New York City Sectors Initiative Planning Phase

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodruff-Bolte, Stacy; Spaulding, Shayne

    2007-01-01

    In 2004, the New York City Department of Small Business Services and representatives from the New York City Workforce Development Funders Group joined together to form the Workforce Innovation Fund (WIF) with the goal of sharing expertise and learning and providing an avenue to merge resources to support common goals. WIF's first project was the…

  6. Application of ecosystem health cost-effect analysis in eco-planning in Guangzhou City,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Xiurui; MAO Xianqiang; YANG Jurong; YANG Zhifeng

    2007-01-01

    Ecosystem health has been a focal point and research frontier of applied ecology in recent years,increasingly used in urban ecological studies.To quantify the effect of ecological improvement from eco-planning,an ecosystem health assessment method is used in eco-planning evaluation and decision support in the urban eco-planning research of Guangzhou City of China.Based on features of an urban ecosystem,five factors such as vigor,organizational structure,resilience,ability to maintain ecosystem service,and influence on people's health were selected to develop the assessment indicator system.Then.to evaluate the validity of planning measures,a cost-effect analysis of the different sce-narios on eco-planning was made,taking investment of the planned projects as the cost and ecosystem health state after implementing the scenarios as the effect.To establish priority of all the proposed planning schemes or countermeasures,variation of the ecosystem health state was evaluated when the investment of eco-environmental construction projects changes by±10%,±20% and±50%,respectively.Thus,the order of importance of eco-environment construction projects to the urban ecosystem health state Can be worked out,providing a reference for prioritizing the implementation of such urban eco-environmental projects.The study proved the trial value of an ecosystem health evaluation method in urban eco-planning research.

  7. FIRST STEPS IN URBAN PLANNING OF BULGARIAN CITIES WITH PARTICIPATION OF CZECH ARCHITECTS AND ENGINEERS AT THE TURN OF 19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolay Brankov

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on beginnings of the urban planning and first organized planning activities of Bulgarian cities at the turn of 19th and 20th centuries when many Czech engineers and architects participated in significantly. A common feature of all Bulgarian cities was irregular structure and build-up area. The main task of the Czech engineers was to cope with this situation and to design modern cities. In general, the original structure did not make planning easy and unambiguous. Planning of the cities destroyed in the Russian-Turkish war in 1877-78 was easier. A possibility to apply a new city structure freely existed in Stara Zagora and partially in Nova Zagora. A usual principle was straightening of the streets where the engineers used original street network and the new modern streets were built according to it, e.g. the centre of Kystendil and the old part of Nova Zagora. These principles were used also in some central parts of Sofia and Plovdiv. The city of Sofia itself is a distinctive example. Although the original structure was preserved during the war and in the first steps the principle of straightening of the streets in the centre was applied, the other parts of Sofia were designed with a new structure and the old city disappeared. Plovdiv is in contrary to Sofia and its original structure was preserved as an old city and the new one was joined to it in neighbourhoods.

  8. Multi-criteria evaluation in strategic environmental assessment for waste management plan, a case study: The city of Belgrade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • The paper deals with the specific method of multi-criteria evaluation applied in drafting the SEA for the Belgrade WMP. • MCE of the planning solutions, assessed according to 37 objectives of the SEA and four sets of criteria, was presented in the matrix form. • The results are presented in the form of graphs so as to be easily comprehensible to all the participants in the decision-making process. • The results represent concrete contribution proven in practice. - Abstract: Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is one of the key instruments for implementing sustainable development strategies in planning in general; in addition to being used in sectoral planning, it can also be used in other areas such as waste management planning. SEA in waste management planning has become a tool for considering the benefits and consequences of the proposed changes in space, also taking into account the capacity of space to sustain the implementation of the planned activities. In order to envisage both the positive and negative implications of a waste management plan for the elements of sustainable development, an adequate methodological approach to evaluating the potential impacts must be adopted and the evaluation results presented in a simple and clear way, so as to allow planners to make relevant decisions as a precondition for the sustainability of the activities planned in the waste management sector. This paper examines the multi-criteria evaluation method for carrying out an SEA for the Waste Management Plan for the city of Belgrade (BWMP). The method was applied to the evaluation of the impacts of the activities planned in the waste management sector on the basis of the environmental and socioeconomic indicators of sustainability, taking into consideration the intensity, spatial extent, probability and frequency of impact, by means of a specific planning approach and simple and clear presentation of the obtained results

  9. Multi-criteria evaluation in strategic environmental assessment for waste management plan, a case study: The city of Belgrade

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Josimović, Boško, E-mail: bosko@iaus.ac.rs; Marić, Igor; Milijić, Saša

    2015-02-15

    Highlights: • The paper deals with the specific method of multi-criteria evaluation applied in drafting the SEA for the Belgrade WMP. • MCE of the planning solutions, assessed according to 37 objectives of the SEA and four sets of criteria, was presented in the matrix form. • The results are presented in the form of graphs so as to be easily comprehensible to all the participants in the decision-making process. • The results represent concrete contribution proven in practice. - Abstract: Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is one of the key instruments for implementing sustainable development strategies in planning in general; in addition to being used in sectoral planning, it can also be used in other areas such as waste management planning. SEA in waste management planning has become a tool for considering the benefits and consequences of the proposed changes in space, also taking into account the capacity of space to sustain the implementation of the planned activities. In order to envisage both the positive and negative implications of a waste management plan for the elements of sustainable development, an adequate methodological approach to evaluating the potential impacts must be adopted and the evaluation results presented in a simple and clear way, so as to allow planners to make relevant decisions as a precondition for the sustainability of the activities planned in the waste management sector. This paper examines the multi-criteria evaluation method for carrying out an SEA for the Waste Management Plan for the city of Belgrade (BWMP). The method was applied to the evaluation of the impacts of the activities planned in the waste management sector on the basis of the environmental and socioeconomic indicators of sustainability, taking into consideration the intensity, spatial extent, probability and frequency of impact, by means of a specific planning approach and simple and clear presentation of the obtained results.

  10. Hybrid modelling for ATES planning and operation in the Utrecht city centre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaxa-Rozen, Marc; Bloemendal, Martin; Kwakkel, Jan; Rostampour, Vahab

    2016-04-01

    Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) systems can significantly reduce the energy use and greenhouse gas emissions of buildings in temperate climates. However, the rapid adoption of these systems has evidenced a number of emergent issues with the operation and management of urban ATES systems, which require careful spatial planning to avoid thermal interferences or conflicts with other subsurface functions. These issues have become particularly relevant in the Netherlands, which are currently the leading market for ATES (Bloemendal et al., 2015). In some urban areas of the country, the adoption of ATES technology is thus becoming limited by the available subsurface space. This scarcity is partly caused by current approaches to ATES planning; as such, static permits tend to overestimate pumping rates and yield excessive safety margins, which in turn hamper the energy savings which could be realized by new systems. These aspects are strongly influenced by time-dependent dynamics for the adoption of ATES systems by building owners and operators, and by the variation of ATES well flows under uncertain conditions for building energy demand. In order to take these dynamics into account, previous research (Jaxa-Rozen et al., 2015) introduced a hybrid simulation architecture combining an agent-based model of ATES adoption, a Matlab control design, and a MODFLOW/SEAWAT aquifer model. This architecture was first used to study an idealized case of urban ATES development. This case evidenced a trade-off between the thermal efficiency of individual systems and the collective energy savings realized by ATES systems within a given area, which had already been suggested by other research (e.g. Sommer et al., 2015). These results also indicated that current layout guidelines may be overly conservative, and limit the adoption of new systems. The present study extends this approach to a case study of ATES planning in the city centre of Utrecht, in the Netherlands. This case is

  11. Designing a strategic mobility plan for a small and medium sized cities using a multi-stage methodology: Case of Celje

    OpenAIRE

    Kramar Uroš; Cvahte Tina; Sternad Marjan; Topolšek Darja

    2015-01-01

    Urban mobility is one of the crucial factors of quality of life in cities. Therefore, an effective mobility system and its holistic planning are of utmost importance for sustainable and quality development of urban centres. This paper focuses on holistic and integrated strategic planning of a mobility system. The used multi - step methodology was tested on a case of a city of Celje, Slovenia. With the first round of focus groups, information about the speci...

  12. The city model as a tool for participatory urban planning - a case study: The Bilotti open air museum of Cosenza

    Science.gov (United States)

    Artese, S.

    2014-05-01

    The paper describes the implementation of the 3D city model of the pedestrian area of Cosenza, which in recent years has become the Bilotti Open Air Museum (MAB). For this purpose were used both the data available (regional technical map, city maps, orthophotos) and acquired through several surveys of buildings and "Corso Mazzini" street (photos, topographic measurements, laser scanner point clouds). In addition to the urban scale model, the survey of the statues of the MAB was carried out. By means of data processing, the models of the same statues have been created, that can be used as objects within the city model. The 3D model of the MAB open air museum has been used to implement a Web-GIS allowing the citizen's participation, understanding and suggestions. The 3D city model is intended as a new tool for urban planning, therefore it has been used both for representing the current situation of the MAB and for design purposes, by acknowledging suggestions regarding a possible different location of the statues and a new way to enjoy the museum.

  13. URBAN PLANNING FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM CITIES IN KURDISTAN REGION-IRAQ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayoob khaleel Ismael,

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In Kurdistan Region, the residential activities concentrating in a limited number of cities which suffering from great growth either in its urban layout or its resident's size. This happened as a result ofaccumulated factors during last years. The most important factors are the continue immigration from the rural area, the permanent increasing of population, and the concentration of most urban activities and public services in the metropolitans.The research problem is that the small and medium cities in Kurdistan Region suffering from many urgent problems in many fields; urban, social, and economic. The aim is to illustrate the main problems and to underline the available opportunities in small and medium cities in Kurdistan Region. In conclusion, this research suggests a group of policies that could help to improve the urban performance and achieve urban development for small and medium cities of Kurdistan Region.

  14. Sustainable Development Index of Pedras de Fogo /PB: Contributive Subsidies on Planning City Sustainability

    OpenAIRE

    Gesinaldo Ataíde Cândido; Maria de Fátima Nóbrega Barbosa

    2010-01-01

    The sustainable development is a complex and fundamental issue to face the environmental crisis and because of that it calls the different segments of the society attention. As a mechanism to understand this important issue, several system- level indicators have arisen in order to measure the level of sustainability of countries, states and more recently, the cities. The aim of this article is to show the sustainability development index of Pedras de Fogo /PB as a mean to purchase the city pl...

  15. Co-Creative, Re-Generative Smart Cities. Smart Cities and Planning in a Living Lab Perspective 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano De Bonis

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available A particularly mild approach in money supply over three decades at the international level has encouraged the piling up of substantial amounts of debt through urban investment, particularly in less competitive systems . It appears therefore necessary ato elaborate stringent "urban financial statements", through a kind of digital agenda able to provide geo-referenced economic indicators about structure, value and performance of urban capital, and therefore capable to serve as a guide in future allocative choices of the myriad of holders of some stake of the above urban capital. Recognizing the role of such a multiplicity of stakeholders means to radically reconsider the transcendent assumptions of spatial planning in favor of an immanent view of it, also suitable as reference to integrate, in a single digital guidance framework, both the above geo-referenced economic indicators and the expressions (“images” coming from the stakeholders themselves. But it also means to refer to a model of self-governance of innovation, intended as a socially driven, organic process, embedded in scalable and resilient network ecosystems. This is essentially the mandate of a Territorial Living Lab, for which nevertheless governance is itself a matter for experimentation and innovation, as well of contamination with other models, within the objective of combining capital investments in urban regeneration with the need to attain an effective yield on such investments through diffused and citizen-based ownership of the urban innovation they aim to spark off.

  16. Territorial Politics and formal structures of governance in spatial planning: insights from the Dublin city-region (NIRSA) Working Paper Series 64

    OpenAIRE

    Walsh, Cormac

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents the argument that the contents of spatial plans and the discursive framing of processes of spatial strategy-making are structured by the political geography of the formal institutions of governance through which spatial plans derive their legitimacy. At the same time spatial planning processes and strategies themselves may be active in the social construction of particular spatial (territorial and scalar) configurations. Spatial planning strategies for cities a...

  17. The Comprehensive Land Use Plan of Iligan City and the Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Framework of the Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Almarez

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This is a descriptive study of the disaster mitigation efforts of Iligan focused on its 1995-2000 and 2013-2022 Comprehensive Land Use Plans (CLUP and their congruence with the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Framework of the Philippines. The key informants engaged are the officials of the City Planning and Development Office who are directly involved in the formulation of the 2013-2022 CLUP. Findings reveal that the 1995-2000 CLUP did not provide for the incorporation of the 4 pillars of Disaster Risk Reduction and anagement (DRRM. Nevertheless, it provided for setbacks in coastal areas, river banks and creeks. However, these setbacks wereviolated by residentialsettlements making them vulnerable to hazards and contributed to many deaths during the flooding caused by Tropical Storm Sendong in 2011. Prompted by its disaster experiences and as required by the Philippine DRRM Framework, Iligan took steps in revising its 1995-2000 CLUP by drafting the 2013-2022 CLUP. The 2013-2022 CLUP have incorporated principles of DRRM as prescribed by R.A 10121. These are manifested in new features integrated in the provisions of the plan which include:(1 Analysis matrices with its corresponding strategized programs, projects and activities; (2 Geo-hazard maps assessed by the Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB; (3 Vulnerability Assessment Matrix Environment Sector; and (4 Updated and improved version of the Comprehensive Zoning Ordinance of Iligan City. It is highly recommended that Iligan City should strictly implement the provisions of 2013-2022 CLUP in order to increase the city’s resiliency against the occurrence of natural disasters and to achieve sustainable development.

  18. Urbanismo vs urbanización: distintas modalidades de hacer ciudad. / Town planning versus urbanization. Different ways of doing city.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cardenas Jirón, Luz Alicia

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available El Plan Regulador Comunal es el instrumento normativo de planeación urbanística chilena, cuya formulación pretende regular en el ámbito comunal básicamente los siguientes aspectos: los usos de suelo, las condiciones de edificación y subdivisión del suelo, la red vial estructurante y los limites urbanos.Se cree que este instrumento es imperfecto toda vez que no incorpora en la normativa una dimensión clave del urbanismo: la morfología urbana, entendida como el sistema espacial tridimensional de la ciudad. Por el contrario, el análisis empírico demuestra que factores como la forma urbana son respuestas del libre juego de fuerzas económicas y sociales modeladoras del espacio. En consecuencia, lo que domina es un patrón de urbanización en vez de un proyecto de urbanismo; las cuales son modalidades muy distintas de hacer ciudad.Este articulo pretende demostrar que la forma urbana, derivada de la aplicación del instrumento normativo en una comuna perimetral metropolitana como es Maipú, es uno de los impactos no previstos por el Plan Regulador, pero que podría incorporarse en un nuevo instrumento de planificación urbana./ Metropolitan Santiago is one of the many Latin American cities which has been developed according to a spread model of urbanisation. This pattern has caused at least two types of consequences: economic and physical ones. The former is shown in the speculation of land value at the rural fringe of the metropolitan area which has low prices, these have suddenly increased after the normative changes in the land use, from rural to urban. The later shows location of massive low-income housing and commercial malls regardless connection to the urban fabric and spatial shaping of the existing city. This results in a chaotic urban form resembling a "patchwork".This paper reviews the scope of a Chilean policy instrument called "Plan Regulador" used to control physical urban growth, particularly sprawled on the fringe of the

  19. THE ‘TYRANNY OF THE LINE’: CITY PLANNING IN COLONIAL PHNOM PENH, 1860s – 1940s

    OpenAIRE

    Kolnberger, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    THE ‘TYRANNY OF THE LINE’: CITY PLANNING IN COLONIAL PHNOM PENH, 1860s – 1940s. Thomas Kolnberger Université du Luxembourg, FLSHASE (Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education), Research Unit IPSE (Identités.Politique.Sociétés.Espaces), Campus Walferdange, Route de Diekirch (B.P.2), L-7201 Walferdange, Luxemburg This paper aims to highlight the role and influence of both ‘colonizer’ and ‘colonized’ on place and space. Their specific purposes are part of a ...

  20. Sustainable living in a Chinese city. Analysis and support for market-conscious urban planning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hu, H.

    2014-01-01

    In the transition from a state-led industrial to a market-driven post-industrial urban economy, China’s planners are facing challenges in building sustainable living environment for the rapidly increasing and wealthier urban population.Citizens are the end-users of the sustainable city. Their prefer

  1. PlanetaCádiz (Planet Cadiz). Plan C. Cadiz as an educational city

    OpenAIRE

    Cano López, Francisco

    2013-01-01

    The author provides a comprehensive presentation of the PlanetaCádiz project, elaborating in detail on the various alternatives proposed in this new model of cultural management and its particular characteristics, designed specifically for the case of the capital city of Cadiz province.

  2. Social Capital and Longitudinal Change in Sustainability Plans and Policies: U.S. Cities from 2000 to 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Pierce

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study examines changes from 2000 to 2010 in the adoption of sustainability plans and policies in a sample of U.S. cities. The study’s framework posits sustainability initiatives as communitarian outcomes intended to meet the needs of both current and future generations. We hypothesize, accordingly, that a community’s social capital level, in the form of the relative presence of social trust, is a primary facilitating condition for the adoption of sustainability initiatives. The analysis assesses whether trust-based social capital is similarly associated with the adoption of plans and policies at both time points (2000 and 2010, as well as whether social capital is associated with change in the adoption levels documented across the ten-year period. The paper concludes by suggesting that the effect of social capital is substantially reduced in 2010 as a consequence of institutional network dynamics featured in the theory of isomorphic change.

  3. Cities and mobility: a planning guideline for community-compatible mobility; Stadtwege: Planungsleitfaden fuer Stadtvertraegliche Mobilitaet in Kommunen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    So far, municipal transport planning and policy have not really resulted in pioneering concepts for solving problems arising from the transport issue common to all cities. Even individual promising approaches, which mostly relate to singular aspects of municipal transport policy, cannot obscure the fact that the routines of transport planning obviate innovative impulses. Even the research project's two exemplary municipalities, Freiburg and Schwerin, are a long way from having attained a mobility beneficial to the community (as reflected in a report on these cities' transport situation in the annex). In both there are elements of motor-vehicle-oriented planning and transport policy, but also, in part, distinct clues to a decline in car orientation and to the furtherance of alternative, environmentally compatible means of transport. The present guideline wants to open up new perspectives and give concerned planners impulses. It summarizes results from the research project 'Compatibility of urban mobility' and describes new ideas and paradigms in municipal transport planning and policy. (orig.) [German] Kommunale Verkehrsplanung und -politik hat bisher nicht zu wirklich zukunftsweisenden Loesungsentwuerfen der flaechendeckend festzustellenden Verkehrsproblematik in den Staedten gefuehrt. Auch einzelne gute Ansaetze, die meist auf singulaere Aspekte der staedtischen Verkehrspolitik bezogen sind, koennen nicht darueber hinwegtaeuschen, dass die Routinen der Verkehrsplanung den Blick auf innovative Impulse verstellen. Auch die beiden Modellkommunen des Forschungsprojektes, Freiburg und Schwerin, sind um einiges von dem Ziel der Stadtvertraeglichen Mobilitaet entfernt (s. verkehrliche Zustandsbeschreibung im Anhang). In beiden Staedten finden sich Elemente der autoorientierten Planung und Verkehrspolitik, aber auch zum Teil deutliche Hinweise des Zurueckdraengens der Autoorientierung und der Foerderung der umweltvertraeglichen

  4. ANCIENT CITY PLANNING SYSTEM OF CHINA IN ZHOU LI%《周礼》中的中国古代城市规划制度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙施文

    2012-01-01

    通过对《周礼》文本的解读,在对其记载的与城市规划过程相关的官职及其职责进行整理的基础上,较为全面地揭示了《周礼》所记载的中国古代城市规划制度的基本架构并展示了其中的复杂性.论文提出,要理解中国古代城市规划,不能仅局限于《考工记》的记载,需要有更为广泛的研究,《周礼》提供了其中更为本质性的一部分.%Based on the review of Chinese classic Zhou Li and reorganization of the official positions and their responsibilities relevant to city planning recorded in it, the paper interprets the fundamental framework of city planning system in ancient China and indicates its complexity. The paper also puts forward that another Chinese classic Kao Gong Ji, which was a supplement of Zhou Li and was widely regarded as the fountainhead of city planning in ancient China, just recorded the norm of city form and imposed restrictions on city builders. The study on city planning institution in ancient China needs more adequate research, and the contents in Zhou Li have provided an essential part.

  5. Value added planning: yes, in my backyard! : understanding value added planning in the city of Amersfoort, the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Diemont, E.; Cilliers, J.; Stobbelaar, D.J.; Timmermans, W.

    2011-01-01

    Amersfoort local municipality would like to renew the quality of the green spaces within the urban areas, to enhance the value of these spaces and to determine the economic value of green spaces. The concept of Value Added Planning was introduced to address these objectives. The value of green is hi

  6. "EII META-MODEL" ON INTEGRATION FRAMEWORK FOR VIABLE ENTERPRISE SYSTEMS - CITY PLANNING METAPHOR BASED ON STRUCTURAL SIMILARITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yukio NAMBA; Junichi IIJIMA

    2003-01-01

    Enterprise systems must have the structure to adapt the change of business environment. Whenrebuilding enterprise system to meet the extended operational boundaries, the concept of IT cityplanning is applicable and effective. The aim of this paper is to describe the architectural approachfrom the integrated information infrastructure (In3) standpoint and to propose for applying the "CityPlanning" concept for rebuilding "inter-application spaghetti" enterprise systems. This is mainlybecause the portion of infrastructure has increased with the change of information systems fromcentralized systems to distributed and open systems. As enterprise systems have involvedheterogeneity or architectural black box in them, it may be required the integration framework(meta-architecture) as a discipline based on heterogeneity that can provide comprehensive view of theenterprise systems. This paper proposes "EH Meta-model" as the integration framework that canoptimize the overall enterprise systems from the IT city planning point of view. EH Meta-modelconsists of "Integrated Information Infrastructure Map (In3-Map)", "Service Framework" and "ITScenario". It would be applicable and effective for the viable enterprise, because it has the mechanismto adapt the change. Finally, we illustrate a case of information system in an online securitiescompany and demonstrate applicability and effectiveness of EII Meta-model to meet their businessgoals.

  7. On landscape planning for Ancient City of Spring and Autumn Period%春秋古城景观规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗晓祥

    2012-01-01

    According to the design idea of making up the urban texture and reshaping the historical space, the paper reflects the local features and the culture of the Spring and Autumn Period, illustrates the planning ideas for the tourist resorts by combining the historical culture of the ancient city with the modern one perfectly and redisplaying the vicissitude, the classical elegance and the magnificence of the former city, and highlights the design ideas for the ancient building space with the sense of recognition and the art of the North folk buildings, so as to provide some reference for the design of landscape planning for relative tourist real estate%按照“织补城市肌理,再现历史空间”的设计理念,在体现肥城本地地方特色和春秋文化底蕴的同时,注入旅游景区的规划理念,使古城历史文化与现代都市完美结合,再现昔日古城的沧桑、古朴与庄重,突出了具有认同感和北方民居神韵的古建筑空间设计理念,旨在为相关旅游地产景观规划设计提供参考借鉴。

  8. 城市广场色彩规划初探%A Primary Study on City Square Color Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建滨; 王旭

    2012-01-01

    From defining the concept of city square color and analyzing its features, we put forward three principles of square color planning which is based on the premise that we advocate respecting people's psychological perception. Furthermore, under the guide of color psychology, we try to make a primary study on the methods and applications in city square color and lighting color planning from the macroscopic angle of functional properties and the microcosmic angle of the elements.%该文从界定城市广场色彩的概念和分析其特点入手,在提倡尊重使用人群心理感知的前提下提出了广场色彩规划的三原则,并在色彩心理学的指导下,从功能性质的宏观角度和构成元素的微观角度初步探究城市广场色彩及照明色彩规划的方法及其应用.

  9. Strategic Planning for Grapes Product Development in Takestan City Through using SWOT Matrix

    OpenAIRE

    Masoud Rahmani

    2013-01-01

    Achieving development, particularly development in agriculture sector requires principled efficient planning and accurate implementation of the plan. This involves exact awareness of facilities, opportunities, capabilities and constraints in reaching a favorable situation. This study aims at identifying the strategies required for success and development in local and global markets of grapes through using SWOT (Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats) method. It firstly studies the theoret...

  10. A City Plans for Bicycles: A Case Study of Olympia, Washington.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litman, Todd

    1990-01-01

    Discusses community planning for bicycling programs with emphasis on safety education for children and adults, enforcement of bicycle laws, engineering improvements, and special events. Describes how Olympia improved existing bicycling facilities and summarizes planning, communication, engineering, and policy issues addressed. (SV)

  11. Urban Land-banking Planning: A New Instrument to Regulate Urban Land Supply-demand of Nanjing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tu Xiaosong; Pu Lijie; Huang Xianjin; Jin Xiaobin

    2008-01-01

    It is the major purpose of the paper to present the urban land-banking planning and its functions of promoting the urban land-banking system and land use administration. The urban land-banking system has the potential attribute of acting as an irreplaceable role in urban land administration, but its unexpected function-deviation has impacted its implementation effect in China. A few city governments are attempting to deal with the problem by the urban land-banking planning which is expected to contribute to the extension of urban function, optimization of urban patterns, promotion of urban core competitiveness and overall construction of the urban value chain. In this paper, we primarily discuss the necessity, functions, purposes and main contents of the urban land-banking planning. Subsequently, the implementing situation of the urban land-banking system in Nan-jing is analyzed, including its integrated mode, spatio-temporal quantitative distribution and main characteristics. Finally, the background and targets including total, compositions, space, and regulation points are gradually introduced to present the Nanjing land-banking planning version 2.

  12. Human Settlements and Planning for Ecological Sustainability: The Case for Mexico City by Keith Pezzoli

    OpenAIRE

    Eisenstein, William

    1999-01-01

    From 1 983 through 1 985, a group of several hundred destitute families living in a squatter settlement on the outskirts of Mexico City attempted to organize their self-built community into something that they called a colonia ecologica productiva, or productive ecological settlement. The goal of the colonia was to enable the community to derive its livelihood from the land on which they had settled through sustainable agriculture techniques, reforestation projects, and the use of inexpensive...

  13. The dark side of aeromobilities:Unplanned airport planning in Mexico City

    OpenAIRE

    Lassen, Claus C.; Galland, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Land-use conflicts, noise and health problems, local air pollution, decreased urban quality and affected liveability are considered amongst the core impacts and consequences associated with global airports, all of which have largely been individually documented. Through a case study of Mexico City International Airport, this article argues that a more integrated focus that brings such various issues and perspectives together is needed in order to widen the understanding of the existing relati...

  14. Site observational work plan for the UMTRA Project site at Tuba City, Arizona

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The requirements for ground water compliance for Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project sites, including the Tuba City, Arizona, site, are found in the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act; Subparts B and C of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings (40 CFR 192 (1994)), and the associated proposed 1987 standards (52 FR 36000). During the surface remedial action, an estimated 1,400,000 cubic yards (yd3) (1,100,000 cubic meters [m3]) of uranium mill tailings and other contaminated materials were consolidated and stabilized in place in an unlined disposal cell covering 50 acres (20 hectares). The surface remedial action was completed in April 1990. Ground water beneath the Tuba City site was contaminated by subsurface migration of water from uranium ore processing activities. The main source of contaminants was water from the tailings piles that began in 1956 when the mill opened and ended in 1966 when the mill closed. 800,000 tons (725,000 tonnes) of uranium ore were processed onsite over a 10-year period. The wet tailings remaining after processing were placed as a slurry in three piles at the site. Water from these tailings then seeped into the ground and migrated downward to the ground water. The Tuba City site is currently in a post-stabilization, prelicensing status. The site is expected to remain in this status until licensed by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for long-term surveillance and maintenance. The preliminary ground water compliance strategy at the Tuba City site is active remediation-specific technology to be evaluated is in situ bioremediation. This selection was made because of the potential ability of bioremediation to reduce concentrations to lower levels than a conventional extraction system and to minimize disturbance of the water resource

  15. Site observational work plan for the UMTRA Project Site at Tuba City, Arizona

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The requirements for ground water compliance for Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project sites, including the Tuba City, Arizona, site, are found in the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act; Subparts B and C of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings (40 CFR 192 (1994)), and the associated proposed 1987 standards (52 FR 36000). During the surface remedial action, an estimated 1,400,000 cubic yards (yd3) (1,100,000 cubic meters [m3]) of uranium mill tailings and other contaminated materials were consolidated and stabilized in place in an unlined disposal cell covering 50 acres (20 hectares). The surface remedial action was completed in April 1990. Ground water beneath the Tuba City site was contaminated by subsurface migration of water from uranium ore processing activities. The main source of contaminants was water from the tailings piles that began in 1956 when the mill opened and ended in 1966 when the mill closed. A total of 800,000 tons (725,000 tonnes) of uranium ore were processed onsite over a 10-year period. Two processes were used to refine the ore: an acid leach process and a sodium carbonate alkaline process. Water from these tailings then seeped into the ground and migrated downward to the ground water. The Tuba City site is currently in a post-stabilization, prelicensing status. The preliminary ground water compliance strategy at the Tuba City site is active remediation. The specific technology to be evaluated is in situ bioremediation. This selection was made because of the potential ability of bioremediation to reduce concentrations to lower levels than a conventional extraction system and to minimize disturbance of the water resource

  16. Planning and Construction of Low Carbon Cities:The Relevance of Cost-Benefit Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Stanley; C.T.YIP

    2011-01-01

    Cities are the major source of carbon dioxide emissions in China,and are the critical locations where emissions should be effectively managed.Adopting a low carbon urban development model is the pathway towards reducing the emissions.A low carbon city development model means achieving efficient and effective urban growth through low energy consumption and low emissions.While many local authorities in China have started to express the intention to construct low carbon cities,it is important to emphasize the need to apply a Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) to low carbon urban policies and development projects.Since all policies and projects will have their costs and benefits to the society,the effects of the policies and projects on reducing emissions should be measured and assessed objectively.Through the setting up of an analysis framework to assess the costs and benefits,one can provide a scientific basis for decision making,and enhance the overall efficiency in the use of resources for the society as a whole.

  17. Mobility and participatory planning in bogotá and medellín: relationship with cities in colombia and south america

    OpenAIRE

    Torres-González, Jaime

    2014-01-01

    The article approaches the issue of urban mobility in Colombia by means of analyzing different bodies of data such as: population growth in five national cities, Bogota's institutional development over the last twenty years, successful participatory planning in the city of Medellín, effects of economic conurbation in large urban centers, the successful implementation of public transportation systems in comparison with other South American metropolis, Bogota's road and street condition, and th...

  18. Limerick City

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Postcard. Colour photograph of River Shannon with Limerick City in background. Number 2/LK-018. Printed on reverse "Limerick city, where the Shannon river meets the sea is one of the most progressive of Irish cities, where the past and present mingle pleasantly. That part of the city called Newtown Pery was designed and planned in 1767, and is the Limerick of wide streets crossing at right angles, and the pleasantly tree-sprinkled People's Park. The tall column in the park commemorates Thomas...

  19. The Application of Scenario Analysis in the Overall Planning of Land Use:A Case Study of Shangluo City in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Pi-ling; YANG Hai-juan

    2012-01-01

    The overall planning of land use is a complex process of joint action of social system, natural and economic conditions. On the basis of summarizing the existing researches, we select Shaanxi’s Shangluo City, located in the Qinba mountainous area as the study object, to expound the concept and steps of scenario analysis based on land use change data, under the guidance of ecological safety and sustainable development theory. We design four different scenarios of land use planning program in Shangluo City during the period 2006-2020, and use grey linear programming model to analyze each scenario. The results show that the scenario analysis is feasible in the adjustment of land use structure in Shangluo City; operable in the determining of land use planning program on a macro-municipal scale.

  20. Designing a strategic mobility plan for a small and medium sized cities using a multi-stage methodology: Case of Celje

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kramar Uroš

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Urban mobility is one of the crucial factors of quality of life in cities. Therefore, an effective mobility system and its holistic planning are of utmost importance for sustainable and quality development of urban centres. This paper focuses on holistic and integrated strategic planning of a mobility system. The used multi - step methodology was tested on a case of a city of Celje, Slovenia. With the first round of focus groups, information about the specific urban mobility system was gathered which was used to develop a SWOT matrix. This was the foundation for the execution of a second round of focus groups, where the output was a proposition for a strategic plan for mobility development in small and medium sized cities.

  1. ALBANIAN LAW ON CITY PLANNING: CRITICAL SUMMARY OF ITS MAJOR PROVISIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Jacobs, Harvey M.; Craig, William

    1997-01-01

    This paper includes, as an annex, Law No. 7693, "On Urban Planning," from the People's Assembly of the Republic of Albania. Conceptually, this law has five major parts: (1) planning generally, (2) getting construction permission, (3) special provisions for tourist zones, (4) special provisions for military zones and zones with singular (that is, archaeological, historical, or cultural) value, and (5) penalties for violations. These parts are described and discussed.

  2. Site observational work plan for the UMTRA project site at Falls City, Texas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During surface remedial action, an estimated 7.0 million tons (6.4 million tonnes) of uranium mill tailings and other contaminated materials were consolidated and stabilized on the Falls City site. The ground water protection strategy at the Falls City disposal site for the UMTRA Surface Project (Subpart A of 40 CFR Part 192 (1994)) was an application for supplemental standards, based on Class III (limited use) ground water in the uppermost aquifer. This water is not a current or potential source of drinking water. Ground water from the uppermost aquifer (ground water from the Deweesville/Conquista Members and the Dilworth Member) contains widespread ambient contamination resulting from naturally occurring conditions and from the effects of human activity not related to uranium milling operations (uranium exploration and mining activities). The ground water cannot be effectively cleaned up for drinking or other beneficial purposes using treatment methods reasonably employed by public water supply systems. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the state of Texas concurred with the ground water protection strategy for the disposal site in September 1992. Surface remedial action in accord with Subpart A was completed in April 1994. The proposed ground water compliance strategy (Subpart B of 40 CFR Part 192 (1994)) at the Falls City site is to perform no remedial action based on application for supplemental standards because the ground water in the uppermost aquifer is classified as Class III ground water. Class III ground water includes ground water that is not a current or potential source of drinking water because of widespread, ambient contamination that cannot be cleaned up using treatment methods reasonably employed by public water supply systems (40 CFR section 192.11 (e) (1994)). Although supplemental standards are being applied, the potential use of ground water in the site vicinity will be protected

  3. Site observational work plan for the UMTRA project site at Falls City, Texas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-09-01

    During surface remedial action, an estimated 7.0 million tons (6.4 million tonnes) of uranium mill tailings and other contaminated materials were consolidated and stabilized on the Falls City site. The ground water protection strategy at the Falls City disposal site for the UMTRA Surface Project (Subpart A of 40 CFR Part 192 (1994)) was an application for supplemental standards, based on Class III (limited use) ground water in the uppermost aquifer. This water is not a current or potential source of drinking water. Ground water from the uppermost aquifer (ground water from the Deweesville/Conquista Members and the Dilworth Member) contains widespread ambient contamination resulting from naturally occurring conditions and from the effects of human activity not related to uranium milling operations (uranium exploration and mining activities). The ground water cannot be effectively cleaned up for drinking or other beneficial purposes using treatment methods reasonably employed by public water supply systems. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the state of Texas concurred with the ground water protection strategy for the disposal site in September 1992. Surface remedial action in accord with Subpart A was completed in April 1994. The proposed ground water compliance strategy (Subpart B of 40 CFR Part 192 (1994)) at the Falls City site is to perform no remedial action based on application for supplemental standards because the ground water in the uppermost aquifer is classified as Class III ground water. Class III ground water includes ground water that is not a current or potential source of drinking water because of widespread, ambient contamination that cannot be cleaned up using treatment methods reasonably employed by public water supply systems (40 CFR {section} 192.11 (e) (1994)). Although supplemental standards are being applied, the potential use of ground water in the site vicinity will be protected.

  4. Climate Information for Improved Planning and Management of Mega Cities (Needs Perspective)

    OpenAIRE

    Mills, G.; Cleugh, H.; R Emmanuel; Endlicher, W.; E. Erell; McGranahan, G.; Ng, E; Nickson, A; Klein-Rosenthal, Joyce Ellen; Steemer, K.

    2010-01-01

    The majority of the population of the planet (6.6 billion) now live in urban areas, which have distinct impacts upon climate at scales from the local to the global. This urban effect is due to the physical form of the city (its three-dimensional geometry and material composition) and its functions (the day-to-day activity patterns that generate emissions of waste heat and materials into the overlying air). While a substantial body of knowledge on the science of urban climates has been develop...

  5. Baise City of Guangxi Province Plans to Build a Key Asian Aluminium Production Base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Baise City of Guangxi Province is launching a project to build the aluminium industry into a pillar industry worth 100 billion yuan,and make Baise a key aluminium production base in China and Asia at large,said Ma Biao, Chairman of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in a conference that concludes the per- formance of the government in the first half of the year.Guangxi,abundant in bauxite,is one of the four bauxite bases in China.Its potential reserve of bauxite tops 1 billion tons,mainly in

  6. Optimal Strategic Plan for Sustainable Urban Transport System in Kathmandu City Centre : Using Decision Support Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Shrestha, Amit

    2012-01-01

    There are many factors associated with an urban environment that enrich or  diminish the experience of the environment. These factors have a significant influence on how  an urban morphology is appraised within the social, economical, and environmental  framework. One of such factors is the urban transport system that represents the mobility of  the people and accessibility to public services. This thesis is an assessment of a current  transport system in Kathmandu city centre in comparison t...

  7. Clean Cities Strategic Planning White Paper: Light Duty Vehicle Fuel Economy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saulsbury, Bo [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Hopson, Dr Janet L [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Greene, David [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Gibson, Robert [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

    2015-04-01

    Increasing the energy efficiency of motor vehicles is critical to achieving national energy goals of reduced petroleum dependence, protecting the global climate, and promoting continued economic prosperity. Even with fuel economy and greenhouse gas emissions standards and various economic incentives for clean and efficient vehicles, providing reliable and accurate fuel economy information to the public is important to achieving these goals. This white paper reviews the current status of light-duty vehicle fuel economy in the United States and the role of the Department of Energy (DOE) Clean Cities Program in disseminating fuel economy information to the public.

  8. Urban planning, local democracy and globalisation: the experience in three world cities

    OpenAIRE

    Thornley, Andy

    2002-01-01

    O artigo analisa o impacto da globalização económica no planeamento urbano. Demonstra como as cidades se encontram a interiorizar uma visão específica da globalização, respondendo com acções de city marketing. A atracção de investimento externo surge como uma das grandes prioridades do planeamento urbano. Esta visão é desenvolvida por novas elites urbanas, aqui chamadas de global growth coalitions, onde o sector empresarial é forte interventor, resultando numa ênfase em projectos de imagem, e...

  9. Urban Planning, Local Democracy and Globalisation: The Experience in Three World Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Thornley, Andy

    2002-01-01

    O artigo analisa o impacto da globalização económica no planeamento urbano. Demonstra como as cidades se encontram a interiorizar uma visão específica da globalização, respondendo com acções de city marketing. A atracção de investimento externo surge como uma das grandes prioridades do planeamento urbano. Esta visão é desenvolvida por novas elites urbanas, aqui chamadas de global growth coalitions, onde o sector empresarial é forte interventor, resultando numa ênfase em projectos de imagem, e...

  10. INSTANT CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans

    2013-01-01

    This article analyses Roskilde Festival as an Instant City. For more than 40 years, Roskilde Festival has had many thousands participants for a weeklong festival on music, performances and cultural experiences in a layout designed as an urban environment. During the last ten years, in- creasing...... emphasis has been laid on creating a vivid, and engaging social environment in order to create a lab for social, and architectural experi- ments. These goals challenge the city planning as well as the urban sce- nography. The article addresses the research questions: What kind of city life and social...... of an experimental and social en- gaged city environment? The analysis shows that the specific city life at the instant city, Roskilde Festival, can be characterized by being ‘open minded’, ‘playful’ and ‘inclusive’, but also by ‘a culture of laughter’ that penetrates the aesthetics and the urban...

  11. Family planning barriers in marginal contexts in Mexico City, Federal District: vision of the health care provider

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Agudelo B

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To approach the barriers to providing services of family planning in marginal areas of Iztapalapa and Tlalpan in the Federal District of Mexico City, from the perspective of health providers. Methodology: Qualitative exploration involved through focus groups with healthcare providers, both public and private, further topics such as socio-environmental, unmet needs in sexual and reproductive health (including family planning, relations gender, among others. Results:We found that among the main obstacles to access to family planning services are misinformation, culture and population beliefs, the inadequate training of health professionals in related areas, the shortage methods o f contraception, the deficiency infrastructure and resources. The barriers perceived by providers are coming from the people, and seldom alluded to the barriers arising from service of their own profession and/or personal convictions. Conclusion: Although the study focused on a specific social environment, this could reflect a reality in other contexts with similar characteristics, so this work constitutes a contribution to both practical and methodological analysis of the phenomenon.

  12. An Integrated Assessment Method for Sustainable Transport System Planning in a Middle Sized German City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Schmale

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite climate change mitigation and sustainability agendas, road transport systems in Germany and the resulting environmental burden are growing. Road transport is a significant source of emissions in urban areas and the infrastructure has a significant impact on the urban form. Nevertheless, mobility is a fundamental requirement for the satisfaction of the human desire to socially and economically engage in society. Considering these realities and the desire for sustainable development in a growing city (Potsdam, Germany, an integrated assessment methodology was co-developed among scientists and practitioners to prioritize a suite of transport-related measures. The methodology reflects the city’s qualitative and quantitative goals to improve public transport and promote sustainability, capturing synergies in categories that include environmental considerations as well as road safety, eco-mobility, and quality of life. This approach applies a multi-criteria analysis (MCA to derive a practically relevant solution for the local traffic and mobility problems that fosters ownership and accountability of all involved. This paper reflects on the process of developing the MCA, and the different aspects that were found important and required consideration during the process. Recommendations on specific traffic-related measures and the assessment of their effectiveness are not given. The aim is that such process information could foster greater collaboration within city departments and similar transdisciplinary efforts.

  13. 基于GIS技术的城市土地规划问题研究%The Research of the City Land Planning Base on GIS Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李水龙; 雷国平; 陆海

    2013-01-01

    介绍目前我国城市土地规划中的突出问题,提出了利用GIS强大的空间数据分析能力,为城市土地科学合理的规划提供技术支持。%In this paper , we introduce some serious problems of city land planning , and point out that using some powerful analyzing foundations for spatial data of GIS provides technological supports for scientific and reasonable planning of city land .

  14. Plan for Prevention of Natural Hazards in Urban Areas. Case of the City of Constantine (Algeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ykhlef Boubakeur

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Natural hazards are caused by different phenomena: landslides, earthquakes, floods etc. All the manifestations of forces of nature are called phenomena. We are speaking then of natural risks when these problems are threatening, with varying degrees, human activities, causing significant damage to human life, property and the environment. The need to consider natural hazards in land use planning tasks has become a major concern. During these past years, Algeria has been hit by frequent natural disasters, with the most recent ones endangering the lives of people and causing priceless damage, faced with such a situation the company of adequate measures, capable of exercising effective prevention, is essential. In addition to the seismic risk, for which prevention still needs to be improved, Algeria must also face gravity processes such as landslides. By their suddenness, they can put people in danger and destroy entire buildings involving the evacuation of entire neighbourhoods where the financial impact is significant on the state budget and local government. The main interest of this paper is the feasibility of a plan for prevention of natural disasters related to landslides based on geological maps, topography, hydrogeological and on existing buildings and vulnerability, and eventually lead to a Zoning risk that would be considered for inclusion in the Master Plan of Urban Planning and Land Use Plan and provide support for decisions taken by local authorities for the selection of sites.

  15. Planning the City Logistics Terminal Location by Applying the Green p-Median Model and Type-2 Neurofuzzy Network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pamučar, Dragan; Vasin, Ljubislav; Atanasković, Predrag; Miličić, Milica

    2016-01-01

    The paper herein presents green p-median problem (GMP) which uses the adaptive type-2 neural network for the processing of environmental and sociological parameters including costs of logistics operators and demonstrates the influence of these parameters on planning the location for the city logistics terminal (CLT) within the discrete network. CLT shows direct effects on increment of traffic volume especially in urban areas, which further results in negative environmental effects such as air pollution and noise as well as increased number of urban populations suffering from bronchitis, asthma, and similar respiratory infections. By applying the green p-median model (GMM), negative effects on environment and health in urban areas caused by delivery vehicles may be reduced to minimum. This model creates real possibilities for making the proper investment decisions so as profitable investments may be realized in the field of transport infrastructure. The paper herein also includes testing of GMM in real conditions on four CLT locations in Belgrade City zone. PMID:27195005

  16. Planning the City Logistics Terminal Location by Applying the Green p-Median Model and Type-2 Neurofuzzy Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragan Pamučar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper herein presents green p-median problem (GMP which uses the adaptive type-2 neural network for the processing of environmental and sociological parameters including costs of logistics operators and demonstrates the influence of these parameters on planning the location for the city logistics terminal (CLT within the discrete network. CLT shows direct effects on increment of traffic volume especially in urban areas, which further results in negative environmental effects such as air pollution and noise as well as increased number of urban populations suffering from bronchitis, asthma, and similar respiratory infections. By applying the green p-median model (GMM, negative effects on environment and health in urban areas caused by delivery vehicles may be reduced to minimum. This model creates real possibilities for making the proper investment decisions so as profitable investments may be realized in the field of transport infrastructure. The paper herein also includes testing of GMM in real conditions on four CLT locations in Belgrade City zone.

  17. Planning the City Logistics Terminal Location by Applying the Green p-Median Model and Type-2 Neurofuzzy Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pamučar, Dragan; Vasin, Ljubislav; Atanasković, Predrag; Miličić, Milica

    2016-01-01

    The paper herein presents green p-median problem (GMP) which uses the adaptive type-2 neural network for the processing of environmental and sociological parameters including costs of logistics operators and demonstrates the influence of these parameters on planning the location for the city logistics terminal (CLT) within the discrete network. CLT shows direct effects on increment of traffic volume especially in urban areas, which further results in negative environmental effects such as air pollution and noise as well as increased number of urban populations suffering from bronchitis, asthma, and similar respiratory infections. By applying the green p-median model (GMM), negative effects on environment and health in urban areas caused by delivery vehicles may be reduced to minimum. This model creates real possibilities for making the proper investment decisions so as profitable investments may be realized in the field of transport infrastructure. The paper herein also includes testing of GMM in real conditions on four CLT locations in Belgrade City zone. PMID:27195005

  18. Strategic Energy Planning of Residential Buildings in a Smart City: A System Dynamics Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giancarlo Caponio

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Buildings are the largest urban energy consumers, but their impact can be largely cut back by improving efficiency. Policy-making plays a crucial role in harmonizing national and local incentive schemes. The authors analyse variables related to energy consumption, then propose a simulation model based on System Dynamics applied to a medium-sized Italian city. The model allows the testing of “what-if” scenarios and analysis of the results of implementing energy efficiency policies. Results stress the importance of a holistic view of urban energy processes. Simulation trends provide essential information for the city’s future energy and carbon emission profiles, helping policy-makers to achieve their goal.

  19. Eco Grad. Concept for ecological city planning for St. Petersburg, Russia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nystedt, A.; Sepponen, M.; Teerimo, S.; Nummelin, J.; Virtanen, M.; Lahti, P.

    2010-12-15

    The objective of the EcoGrad project was to develop a design concept of eco-efficient districts in the city of St. Petersburg. The important principles of the creation of this concept included the so-called GOLD principle (GOLD - Globally Optimized, Locally Designed). This meant that local conditions had to be taken into account while applying globally optimized solutions. The EcoGrad concept includes dense city development, a minimal need for travel, a maximum use of public transportation and light vehicles, minimum power consumption, the maximum use of renewable energy sources and ecologically stable solutions concerning waste disposal and sewerage. Social and cultural aspects must also be taken into account. In Russia, the creation of energy efficient sites is still in its early stages. Power supply systems based on renewable energy sources are also hardly known. On the other hand, the Russians are well skilled in placing offices and consumer services next to residencies. Regulations dictate the maximum allowable distances between residential buildings and such services as infant-care groups, kindergartens, schools, ambulatory clinics and stores, fully conforming to the principles of designing ecoefficient city districts. While the project was being implemented, residents were polled. The polls revealed that the absolute majority of them (92%) did not consider the use of renewable energy sources important. Most of them (80%) had not heard of mechanical ventilation. Fresh air is considered important yet less than half of all respondents (40%) are prepared to pay for it. Involving residents in the development process, that is, the so-called LivingLab action is an important component of designing eco-efficient residential areas. In Russia, the participation of residents should be further extended and made a part of the design work. The project concerned three pilot territories for which residential designs were made. The designs included estimates of power

  20. When Visions for City Planning and Development are Translated into Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zapata Campos, Maria José; Zapata, Patrik

    The ‘knowing-doing’ gaps between policy goals and their outcome when implemented is of increasing concern both in practice and in research. This paper explores how the visions of a sustainable development and the corresponding planning are translated into practice; what aspects of visions and pla...

  1. MANAGING MEGA-CITY TRANSPORTATION PLANNING SYSTEMS: CASES OF NEW YORK AND SHANGHAI

    OpenAIRE

    Xueming CHEN

    2011-01-01

    This paper conducts a comparative analysis on the megacity transportation planning systems between New York and Shanghai. This case study examines the seven lessons learned from New York’s public transportation development: building political partnership; ensuring economical reasonableness; optimizing transit project development process; ensuring multimodal connection; integrating land use and transportation; achieving sustainable development; and synchronizing transit system expansion with t...

  2. The City at Play: "Second Life" and the Virtual Urban Planning Studio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, David; Hollander, Justin B.

    2010-01-01

    This study interrogates the idea of using videogames and game-like virtual worlds as a means to advance studio education pedagogy. Looking at a series of case studies of urban planning courses taught using "Second Life," the results describe the potentials, and limits, of this emerging digital media. Key findings are that the virtual worlds…

  3. [Review As You Go: Oklahoma City Public Schools' Plan Using Saxon's Procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartzler, Stan

    This document consists of three related items. The first brief paper describes the components of a cumulative daily review program and its origins, rationale, and outcomes. The review-as-you-go (RAYG) format entails planning cumulative examinations and providing review problems each day. The procedure once was routinely used; today it is…

  4. Experience in New Socialist Countryside Planning and Construction and Recommendations: A Case Study of Haotang Village in Xinyang City of Henan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Zheng, Bin; Gong, Qi; ZHANG, Xiaofang; Gan, Lu; Zhu, Ying

    2014-01-01

    Taking Haotang Village in Xinyang City of Henan Province as an example, this paper analyzed experience of this village in development of new socialist countryside construction. The new socialist countryside planning and construction should attach importance to research on original spatial pattern of villages, really respect and bring into play subject function of farmers, and deeply explore rural financial services. It is expected to provide reference for future new socialist countryside plan...

  5. The Application of Scenario Analysis in the Overall Planning of Land Use: A Case Study of Shangluo City in Shaanxi Province

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Pi-ling; Yang, Hai-juan

    2012-01-01

    The overall planning of land use is a complex process of joint action of social system, natural and economic conditions. On the basis of summarizing the existing researches, we select Shaanxi's Shangluo City, located in the Qinba mountainous area as the study object, to expound the concept and steps of scenario analysis based on land use change data, under the guidance of ecological safety and sustainable development theory. We design four different scenarios of land use planning program in S...

  6. Planning for water efficient cities: Landscape, microclimate, and heterogeneity in residential water demand

    OpenAIRE

    Lassiter, Allison

    2015-01-01

    California is confronting its largest drought in recorded history, which may signal the onset of a megadrought. An executive order mandates reduction in residential water consumption. At the same time, the state's population continues to grow. Reducing residential outdoor water use is a critical management objective to adapt to scarce water resources. This dissertation asks, to what degree can land planning contribute to outdoor water demand management? Can principles of compact development a...

  7. Power-knowledge in district-based planning : the case of regeneration in Kowloon City District

    OpenAIRE

    Yeung, Kin-ho; 楊建豪

    2014-01-01

    For the past decade, Hong Kong’s redevelopment strategy has been dictated by property-led urban regeneration. This approach is highly controversial as it often neglects the voices of people in the plan-making process. The growing desire for transparency and public involvement in the city’s governance system prompted the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) Government to introduce broad-based public engagement (PE) procedures to its institutional framework. In 2011, the new Urban Re...

  8. Groundwater monitoring plan for the Missouri River alluvial aquifer in the vicinity of the City of Independence, Missouri, well field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkison, Donald H.

    2012-01-01

    Source contributions to monitoring and supply wells, contributing recharge areas, groundwater travel times, and current (2012) understanding of alluvial water quality were used to develop a groundwater monitoring plan for the Missouri River alluvial aquifer in the vicinity of the City of Independence, Missouri well field. The plan was designed to evaluate long-term alluvial water quality and assess potential changes in, and threats to, well-field water quality. Source contributions were determined from an existing groundwater flow model in conjunction with particle-tracking analysis and verified with water-quality data collected from 1997 through 2010 from a network of 68 monitoring wells. Three conjunctive factors - well-field pumpage, Missouri River discharge, and aquifer recharge - largely determined groundwater flow and, therefore, source contributions. The predominant source of groundwater to most monitoring wells and supply wells is the Missouri River, and this was reflected, to some extent, in alluvial water quality. To provide an estimate of the maximum potential lead time available for remedial action, monitoring wells where groundwater travel times from the contributing recharge areas are less than 2 years and predominately singular sources (such as the Missouri River or the land surface) were selected for annual sampling. The sample interval of the remaining wells, which have varying travel times and intermediate mixtures of river and land-surface contributions, were staggered on a 2-, 3-, or 4-year rotation. This was done to provide data from similar contributing areas and account for inherent aquifer variability yet minimize sample redundancy.

  9. A energetic plan for Padua city; Un piano energetico per la citta` di Padova

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cariani, R.; Fraternali, D. [Istituto di ricerche Ambiente, Milan (Italy)

    1996-11-01

    The research explains some preliminary analyses on structure and dynamics of Padua energy system. The main outcomes of this work are: (a) overall urban energy balance, as per socio-economic sector of energy use and per energy source employed; (b) preliminary energy database of residential, municipal and other public institutions buildings; (c) heat maps showing intensity of energy demand for space heating in residential ad services sectors, for a technical and economic pre-feasibility analysis of a CHP plant and district-heating service. The objective of this work is draw up an effective local action plan based on a viable combination of demand and supply energy management.

  10. Enhancing photogrammetric 3d city models with procedural modeling techniques for urban planning support

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a workflow to increase the level of detail of reality-based 3D urban models. It combines the established workflows from photogrammetry and procedural modeling in order to exploit distinct advantages of both approaches. The combination has advantages over purely automatic acquisition in terms of visual quality, accuracy and model semantics. Compared to manual modeling, procedural techniques can be much more time effective while maintaining the qualitative properties of the modeled environment. In addition, our method includes processes for procedurally adding additional features such as road and rail networks. The resulting models meet the increasing needs in urban environments for planning, inventory, and analysis

  11. The Purpose of Planning: Creating Sustainable Towns and Cities By Yvonne Rydin

    OpenAIRE

    Mattiuzzi, Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    Over the past sixty years, the U.K.’s highly centralized system of planning has experienced wartime rebuilding by a Keynesian state and all-powerful modernist architects favoring Corbusian towers and motorways, followed by neoliberal restructuring and the increasing role of finance capital in shaping the urban landscape. (Behold the vast Docklands redevelopment area and the corporate island of Canary Wharf, as well as more recent steel and glass monoliths named for their shapes—“gherkin,” “sh...

  12. Model cities

    OpenAIRE

    M Batty

    2007-01-01

    The term ?model? is now central to our thinking about how weunderstand and design cities. We suggest a variety of ways inwhich we use ?models?, linking these ideas to Abercrombie?sexposition of Town and Country Planning which represented thestate of the art fifty years ago. Here we focus on using models asphysical representations of the city, tracing the development ofsymbolic models where the focus is on simulating how functiongenerates form, to iconic models where the focus is on representi...

  13. Review Pages: Planning for Livable and Safe Cities: Energy, Pollution and the Degradation of the Urban Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gennaro Angiello

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always remaining in the groove of rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. During the last two years a particular attention has been paid on the Smart Cities theme and on the different meanings that come with it. The last section of the journal is formed by the Review Pages. They have different aims: to inform on the problems, trends and evolutionary processes; to investigate on the paths by highlighting the advanced relationships among apparently distant disciplinary fields; to explore the interaction’s areas, experiences and potential applications; to underline interactions, disciplinary developments but also, if present, defeats and setbacks. Inside the journal the Review Pages have the task of stimulating as much as possible the circulation of ideas and the discovery of new points of view. For this reason the section is founded on a series of basic’s references, required for the identification of new and more advanced interactions. These references are the research, the planning acts, the actions and the applications, analysed and investigated both for their ability to give a systematic response to questions concerning the urban and territorial planning, and for their attention to aspects such as the environmental sustainability and the innovation in the practices. For this purpose the Review Pages are formed by five sections (Web Resources; Books; Laws; Urban Practices; News and Events, each of which examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage of interest for TeMA

  14. Using GIS in Designing and Deploying Wireless Network in City Plans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iyad Aldasouqi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Site Surveys play a very important role in the successful and efficient deployment of wireless networks. The first step is to understand the basic goal of a wireless network, which is mainly to provide an appropriate coverage and throughput to all end users with high efficiency, full coverage and reasonable cost. Site Surveys is very important for the sake of planning and designing a wireless network specifically in outdoor networks, to provide a wireless solution that will deliver the required wireless coverage, data rates, network capacity, roaming capability and Quality of Service (QoS. The survey usually involves a site visit to test for RF interference, and to identify optimum installation locations for access points. This requires analysis of building floor plans, inspection of the facility, and use of site survey tools. Interviews with IT management and the end users of the wireless network are also important to determine the design parameters for the wireless network. Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN can be implemented and deployed using different techniques and methodologies, starting from site survey to launching. The main problems are that some areas may not be covered well and the high cost of equipment. This paper discusses a technique that helps determining the best location for access points using GPS system, in order to choose the optimal number of access points. This technique has a positive impact on the cost. Another important factor is the type of antenna, which has a very important effect on both cost and coverage issues.

  15. Sustainable cities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Sustainable City Project, a collaboration among the cities of Portland, Oregon, and San Francisco and San Jose, California, aims at developing and implementing sustainable energy planning methods and programs for cites. For a period of two years (1989-90), the three project cities worked in parallel, yet pursued independent courses to develop appropriate sustainable urban energy practices to meet local needs and aspirations. Central to the Sustainable City Project was finding ways to manage today's urban energy needs without jeopardizing the needs of future generations. Sustainability implies that nothing should go to waste, but rather should contribute to the proper balance between the natural environment and the built environment Sustainable urban energy systems encompass more than energy efficiency and energy conservation measures: they must be diverse, flexible, self-reliant, renewable, and integrated. Since local governments make decisions affecting land use, building codes, transportation systems, waste disposal, and power plants--all of which impact energy resource use--local jurisdictions can do much to ensure their own sustainable future. This paper will present an accounting of the specific steps that each city took to determine and begin implementation of their respective approaches to sustainable energy planning, with a specific focus on the City of San Jose activities. Useful tools for facilitating community process, program planning and implementation, and quantitative analysis will also be discussed

  16. Unlocking the electric mobility potential of Toronto: moving toward an electric mobility master plan for the city

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report is an analysis of the current state of electric transportation and its potential integration in the transportation system of the city of Toronto. In this document, electric vehicles include every mode of transport involving the use of energy drawn from the electricity grid, such as plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), extended range electric vehicles (EREV), battery electric vehicles (BEV), grid connected transit vehicles and electrified locomotives. An overview of the movement of people and goods, including the consideration of patterns of commuting and modes of transportation, is provided in the first section of this document. It has been demonstrated that most of the trips taking place in the city correspond to the predicted operating range of many EVs. Section one also provides a description of the local electricity grid system serving Toronto neighbourhoods and of the sources and movements of air contaminants. It gives a evaluation of the state of EV technologies and analyzes the economic and social factors that have an impact on the public perceptions regarding these technologies. Current policies and programs designed to promote market adoption of EVs around the world are outlined in the conclusion of this section. A simulation work was performed through a collaborative work with Toronto Hydro Electric System Limited in order to analyze the consequences of different EV charging scenarios on the electricity grid system. The results of this simulation are described in section two of the report. The document also presents the outcomes of the workshop on the implementation of an electric mobility master plan held in Toronto in April, 2010. 176 refs.

  17. The industrial city and its structural changes in local plans on the example of Ruda Śląska, Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rysz Kamil

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In the modern world, the subject of spatial planning is being increasingly raised by residents of municipalities - mainly because of the lack of a direct influence on the process of local development and aesthetics of the surroundings. Today, the primary objective of spatial planning is not only to form a proper connection between function and space but also to balance public and private interests. Constantly developed geographic spatial information systems allow not only for easy navigation around the city, but more importantly for more advanced analyses, such as the recognition of the current trends in estate development, communication systems, changes in agricultural and forest areas. The main objective of the research is to define functional-spatial links determined by social-economic needs reflected in local plans and to verify the similarities between local plans, that were drawn up in three different periods (PRL, the transition period, and in accordance with nowadays applicable laws, how the changing economic, social goals and current needs of the city affected the continuation of the adopted solutions. The study shows that despite changes in the law and abandoning the idea of industrial city, in which the landscape is dominated by blast furnaces and mine shafts, the basic trend has been maintained and local plans prepared in subsequent years form a continuum, and despite the different scales of development are closely linked. At the same time it has been shown that modern GIS tools enable verification of the continuity of spatial policy of the municipality.

  18. Research on the planning of cities in climate change initiative%城市应对气候变化规划初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    华虹; 王晓鸣

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses the concept of planning of Cities in Climate Change Initiative(CCCI),analyses the closely relationship between planning of CCCI and city sustainable development,defines the types of planning of CCCI,introduces the developing progres%讨论了城市应对气候变化规划的概念,分析了城市应对气候变化规划与城市可持续发展的关系,界定了城市应对气候变化规划的类型,介绍了城市应对气候变化规划的发展历程,探讨了城市应对气候变化规划的编制要点。

  19. Green stormwater infrastructure eco-planning and development on the regional scale: a case study of Shanghai Lingang New City, East China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Haishun; Chen, Liang; Zhao, Bing; Zhang, Qiuzhuo; Cai, Yongli

    2016-06-01

    Urban underlying surface has been greatly changed with rapid urbanization, considered to be one of the major causes for the destruction of urban natural hydrological processes. This has imposed a huge challenge for stormwater management in cities. There has been a shift from gray water management to green stormwater management thinking. The green stormwater infrastructure (GSI) is regarded as an effective and cost-efficient stormwater management eco-landscape approach. China's GSI practice and the development of its theoretical framework are still in the initial stage. This paper presents an innovative framework for stormwater management, integrating green stormwater infrastructure and landscape security patterns on a regional scale based on an urban master plan. The core concept of green stormwater infrastructure eco-planning is to form an interconnected GSI network (i.e., stormwater management landscape security pattern) which consists of the location, portion, size, layout, and structure of GSI so as to efficiently safeguard natural hydrological processes. Shanghai Lingang New City, a satellite new town of Shanghai, China was selected as a case study for GSI studies. Simulation analyses of hydrological processes were carried out to identify the critical significant landscape nodes in the highpriority watersheds for stormwater management. GSI should be planned and implemented in these identified landscape nodes. The comprehensive stormwater management landscape security pattern of Shanghai Lingang New City is designed with consideration of flood control, stormwater control, runoff reduction, water quality protection, and rainwater utilization objectives which could provide guidelines for smart growth and sustainable development of this city.

  20. Community Public Space Planning Guided by Sustainable Development:A Case Study on Wei’an Nanli Residential Area of Tianjin City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The public space of community is not only significant to ensure the quality of residents’ daily life but also the important means to realize urban sustainability.It is necessary to bridge the gap between the physical and social development of city in order to build a harmonious and livable city.The sustainable development indicators are very useful tools.The design of the indicators involves the site investigation,and selection and modification of indicators.It can provide guidance to related plans by making scientific decision on the core target of the public space development of community.

  1. Planning the low-carbon city. Thoughts about abatement costs of mobility policies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This publication proposes a summary of a research thesis which studied how to address urban climate policies from an economic point of view. This thesis shows that it is possible to develop tools for an economic analysis of local climate policies which would take urban peculiarities into account, notably the systemic aspect, and the importance of positive and negative externalities. The author puts forward the abatement cost which relies on a set of conventions, and is studied through a given analysis table. The application of a urban planning-transport model to the Grenoble area with different scenarios of urban development confirms that abatement costs of measures of reduction of greenhouse gases in the field of mobility are high in comparison with other values (building sector, Quinet value). However, taking co-benefits (or positive externalities) into account allows these costs to be reduced, that which makes investments in the transport sector more attractive. The author shows that reaching the factor 4 in urban transports seems difficult

  2. Solar Energy Validation for Strategic Investment Planning via Comparative Data Mining Methods: An Expanded Example within the Cities of Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oya H. Yuregir

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Energy supply together with the data management is one of the key challenges of our century. Specifically, to decrease the climate change effects as energy requirement increases day by day poses a serious dilemma. It can be adequately reconciled with innovative data management in (renewable energy technologies. The new environmental-friendly planning methods and investments that are discussed by researchers, governments, NGOs, and companies will give the basic and most important variables in shaping the future. We use modern data mining methods (SOM and K-Means and official governmental statistics for clustering cities according to their consumption similarities, the level of welfare, and growth rate and compare them with their potential of renewable resources with the help of Rapid Miner 5.1 and MATLAB software. The data mining was chosen to make the possible secret relations visible within the variables that can be unpredictable at first sight. Here, we aim to see the success level of the chosen algorithms in validation process simultaneously with the utilized software. Additionally, we aim to improve innovative approach for decision-makers and stakeholders about which renewable resource is the most suitable for an exact region by taking care of different variables at the same time.

  3. 天台县森林城市建设总体规划%Master Planning of Forest City in Tiantai County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    厉燕; 范义荣; 陈佳菁; 蒋文伟

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzed the current environmental conditions and forest city building in Tiantai County.On this basis,the overall forest development objectives,forest development layout and the overall pattern of urban forest development in Tiantai were designed,and the planning system of urban forest development was proposed including forest ecological network planning,forest culture construction planning,forest ecological protection planning and forest ecological industry development planning.%在对天台县环境条件及森林城市建设现状进行调查的基础上,制定森林天台总目标并提出县域森林建设布局和城区森林建设总体布局。

  4. “智慧城市”背景下的城市规划创新%Innovation of Urban Planning against the Background of 'Smart City'

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王广斌; 范美燕; 王捷; 张文娟

    2013-01-01

    Smart city is an international buzzword of future urban development, which will have great effect on urban planning as an important public policy of controlling land and space resources, which should converge with "Smart City". With the analysis of the connotation of smart city and its significant effect on urban planning, this paper mainly explores the innovation of urban planning under the background of smart city, from the perspectives of theory and practice, so as to break through the limitations of traditional urban planning practice and achieve smarter urban planning.%  “智慧城市”是在全球广泛展开的未来城市发展的新理念和新实践,必然会对城市规划这一控制土地和空间资源的重要公共政策产生影响,并要求城市规划做出相应变化与之接轨。通过阐述“智慧城市”的内涵及其对城市规划的意义,从理念与实践两大视角重点分析了“智慧城市”背景下的城市规划创新,以期突破传统的城市规划实践的局限性,进而实现智慧的城市规划。

  5. Mapping Environmental Inequalities Relevant for Health for Informing Urban Planning Interventions—A Case Study in the City of Dortmund, Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flacke, Johannes; Schüle, Steffen Andreas; Köckler, Heike; Bolte, Gabriele

    2016-01-01

    Spatial differences in urban environmental conditions contribute to health inequalities within cities. The purpose of the paper is to map environmental inequalities relevant for health in the City of Dortmund, Germany, in order to identify needs for planning interventions. We develop suitable indicators for mapping socioeconomically-driven environmental inequalities at the neighborhood level based on published scientific evidence and inputs from local stakeholders. Relationships between socioeconomic and environmental indicators at the level of 170 neighborhoods were analyzed continuously with Spearman rank correlation coefficients and categorically applying chi-squared tests. Reclassified socioeconomic and environmental indicators were then mapped at the neighborhood level in order to determine multiple environmental burdens and hotspots of environmental inequalities related to health. Results show that the majority of environmental indicators correlate significantly, leading to multiple environmental burdens in specific neighborhoods. Some of these neighborhoods also have significantly larger proportions of inhabitants of a lower socioeconomic position indicating hotspots of environmental inequalities. Suitable planning interventions mainly comprise transport planning and green space management. In the conclusions, we discuss how the analysis can be used to improve state of the art planning instruments, such as clean air action planning or noise reduction planning towards the consideration of the vulnerability of the population. PMID:27420090

  6. Changes in Smoking Prevalence and Number of Cigarettes Smoked Per Day Following the Implementation of a Comprehensive Tobacco Control Plan in New York City

    OpenAIRE

    Micaela H. Coady; Jasek, John; Davis, Karen; Kerker, Bonnie; Kilgore, Elizabeth A.; Perl, Sarah B.

    2012-01-01

    The New York City (NYC) Health Department has implemented a comprehensive tobacco control plan since 2002, and there was a 27% decline in adult smoking prevalence in NYC from 2002 to 2008. There are conflicting reports in the literature on whether residual smoker populations have a larger or smaller share of “hardcore” smokers. Changes in daily consumption and daily and nondaily smoking prevalence, common components used to define hardcore smokers, were evaluated in the context of the smoking...

  7. Economic Transition in the City of Paterson, New Jersey (America’s First Planned Industrial City: Causes, Impacts, and Urban Policy Implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Y. Owusu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the dynamics of economic change in the City of Paterson, New Jersey, from the time of its founding in the late eighteenth century to 1990, with emphasis on the post-1945 era. Analysis shows that from the time of its founding to the first half of the twentieth century, Paterson experienced a period of economic growth followed by economic decline in the 1960s, characterized by major changes in its principal industries of cotton, locomotives, and silk. Economic growth in Paterson up to the early part of the twentieth century is attributable to several locational factors, including the availability of water resources, transportation, labor supply, and markets. Its decline in the post-1945 era is attributable to a combination of local, national, and global economic factors including periods of depression, labor discord, product substitution, decentralization of economic activities, and deindustrialization. Economic decline resulted in a high rate of unemployment, poverty, and urban decay. The most significant effort to reverse urban decline in the city is the urban enterprise zone (UEZ program. The impacts of this program on economic growth in the city, however, remain inconclusive.

  8. Urban Planning and Health Inequities: Looking in a Small-Scale in a City of Cape Verde.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luzia Gonçalves

    .001, with 19.3% in the formal unit, 11.4% in the transition unit and 22.5% in the informal unit. Women of the urban units present significant differences (5% level for body mass index calculated from self-reported measures (p < 0.001, fat mass (p = 0.005, waist circumference (p = 0.046 and waist-to-height ratio (p = 0.017. For women, overall physical activity was 67.4% (95%CI [64.8,70.0], with differences among urban units (p = 0.025. For men it was of 85.2% (95%CI [82.3,87.6], without significant differences among urban units (p = 0.266. The percentage of women and men who reported physical activity in leisure time was discrepant, with 95%CI [22.6, 27.4] and [53.2, 60.2], respectively. The results of pedometers also indicated that men walk significantly more than women (p < 0.001, with a difference of approximately 2000 steps/day.The data collection process itself also gave us some clues on the involvement of local communities, exploring the potential of social capital of these settings and the role of the woman in family and society in Cape Verde. The higher participation of women and residents of informal unit (the most disadvantaged groups suggests these as the priority target groups for health promotion campaigns. The link between health planning, urban planning and security of the city needs to be reinforced to minimize health, social and gender inequalities.

  9. Planning the invisible city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elle, Morten; Jensen, Jesper Ole; Nielsen, Susanne Balslev

    1997-01-01

    a presentation of the model used for describing technical networks conserning energy, water and waste in the reserch project "Sustainable flow management"......a presentation of the model used for describing technical networks conserning energy, water and waste in the reserch project "Sustainable flow management"...

  10. An investigation of rural migrants' happiness status in Changsha city : A trial of social urban planning in China's second-tier cities

    OpenAIRE

    Gao, Yongliang

    2016-01-01

    China has among the world’s fastest growing urban region and faced enormous environmental and social challenges that requires a forward thinking of urban planning, which integrates environmental sustainability and social equity into urban resilience. In China, national and provincial urban policies have long focused on economic and industrial developments, whereas social welfare was not account for urban planning until very recently. After decades of rapid socioeconomic development, China has...

  11. Soft Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brix, Anders; Yoneda, Akira; Nakamura, Kiyoshi

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a project exploring sustainable ways of urban living. The project renders a scenario comprised of an array of simple conversions of existing urban spaces and buildings, in the attempt to tie strategies ranging from urban planning to interior design into a coherent vision of a...... sustainable future. The project is the result of a joint research study between Denmark and Japan. Taking as its example the city of Kyoto, the project investigates some possible strategies on how cities more generally may be transformed into liveable, healthy and ecologically sensible environments....

  12. Planning for countering nuclear terrorism. Chapter 1. Motivation and redirection: rationale and achievements in the russian closed nuclear cities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The non-proliferation rationale and achievements of the collaboration between the UK and Russia for a personnel redirection programme in the Closed Nuclear Cities is described. A framework for the interaction between demand and supply dimensions of proliferation threats is developed to show how redirection programmes to enable WMD (weapons of mass destruction) specialists move into civilian activities reduce these same threats. Early results from the UK-Russia Closed Nuclear Cities Partnership are presented and compared with the parallel US funded Nuclear Cities Initiative and similar local economic development measures

  13. THE FRAGMENTATION PROCESSES OF THE CITY AND THE TERRITORIALITY OF RESIDENTS IN GATED COMMUNITIES. RELATIONSHIP WITH THE STRATEGIC PLANNING OF PLACES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Rodolfo Simões Alves

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The recent transformations occurred in the cities have translated in the space enlargement constructed by a process not always orderly and planned. In a complex game of multiple factors, this urban territories have been subject a very processes diversified of fragmentation, a lot of times conducting cases, voluntary or involuntary, of spatial confinement of populations. This fragmentation is not new. Have like example the Portuguese case, already in the past, in the city it was creating along 20th century, were detected microterritorial of isolation and fragmentation, especially of the most poor populations. In this aspect, the cities are a good laboratory to analyse this processes of lifting the old and new borders. In this article, they will discuss some of Portuguese cases and give it up special emphasis to the closed condos and how these, examples of spacial and social enlargement on a non-city, constitute an obstacle to the broad approach and discussed of destiny of each places. Indeed, the public rejection can constitute a way on the walk for the non participation of collective strategic destinations.

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 1995, Smaller than 1:100000 scale, Garrett County Planning & Land Development.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at Smaller than 1:100000 scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1995....

  15. Urban megaprojects-based approach in urban planning: from isolated objects to shaping the city:The case of Dubai

    OpenAIRE

    Aoun, Oula

    2016-01-01

    Urban megaprojects are at the core of cities’ re-imaging and marketing. As large-scale development projects, they are considered as a globalization product, marked by a search for spectacle and visibility. In Dubai, UMPs have constituted in recent years the main tool in drawing a city image that aims to compete with the world global cities. Through UMPs, an economy based on spectacle and fascination is being deployed, within a complex system of governance that encompasses family ties, busines...

  16. Housing the Urban Poor: Planning, Business and Politics: A Case Study of Duaripara Slum, Dhaka city, Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    Nahiduzzaman, Kh. Md.

    2006-01-01

    This study is conducted on Duripara slum of Dhaka city which is one of the fastest growing megalopolis and primate cities not only among the developing but also among the developed countries. The high rate of urbanization has posed a challenging dimension to the central, local govt. and concerned development authority. In Dhaka about 50% of the total urban population is poor and in the urbanization process the poor are the major contributors which can be characterized as urbanization of pover...

  17. When planners deal with change: Stories of Performativity in the politics of urban planning in two Scandinavian cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lissandrello, Enza

    planning professionals become carriers of specific abilities that shape the possibilities of action and innovation in urban planning practice. It also argues that planning is performed by a plurality of actors, discourses, stages and politics but that in addition, urban planning proceeds by the acts of...... planning professionals. The paper offers a heuristic of planning as performativity; an analytic that points to the action of individual planners within the structural conditions that shape and limit planning actions. The paper is based on conversational interviews with two planners who have navigated the......From American pragmatism, the communicative turn and interpretive theories, we have learned that planning is performed by a plurality of actors, discourses and stories, the analysis of which provides new insights into the intelligence of planning. The idea that planning is what is actually...

  18. Plans of Implementation and Methods for Increasing Student Enrollment in the Earth Systems Science Course at Elizabeth City State University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, W.

    2001-12-01

    This presentation reviews the experience of Elizabeth City State University (ECSU) in offering the Earth Systems Science (ESS) online course sponsored the Earth System Science Education Alliance (ESSEA) and how it relates to our plans to offer the course in the Spring Semester of 2002. The course was offered for the first time at ECSU during the Fall semester 2000. Eight students were enrolled in the course, which may not be considered a large number; however, we felt the administration of the course was successful because of the staff's learning experience. The small number is also a reflection of the nature of ECSU's primary recruitment region of northeastern North Carolina; this area is extremely rural with a smaller population, lower economic development, and fewer cultural amenities than most regions of the state. Our approach to this project is for a long-term effective offering of a course that is much needed, especially in this area of the state. The ultimate goal is to develop ESS as our online offering of courses in the Geoscience Department curriculum as to recruit students who might not have the opportunity to take college-level courses because of daytime work commitments and/or inaccessibility to a local college or university. A major component of ESS is its focus on problem-based learning built upon the life experiences of participating students. Having learned from the previous offering of the course, the following are objectives related to the Spring Semester 2002: 1. To get ESS to become a part of the Geoscience curriculum so that it will be listed on the schedule of classes for the Spring Semester 2002 and each succeeding semester; 2. To aggressively reach out to the public school teachers, especially in the recruitment region of ECSU in northeastern North Carolina, by using effective recruitment strategies; 3. To have an active and continuous communication with prospective students prior to and immediately after the enrollment, as well as being

  19. 基于宜居目标的山水城市规划控制研究:以肇庆市为例%Planning Control to Scenic City Based on Livable Target: The Case of Zhaoqing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘垚; 邓昭华; 李钰

    2012-01-01

    In the "Research of livable city evaluation index system of science", the livable city includes six indicators, "the beauty of environment" and "the ease of living "are closely related to the urban planning. Zhaoqing as a famous tourist city and historical&cultural city, has always been famous by its "Mountain. Lake. City. River". With rapid advance in modern cities and towns in recent years, some new development of residential area for local interests at the expense of urban environmental quality acts common. Technical perspective, the results of internal predictability of the urban space planning, lack of control, and need a complete index system. Indicators of current planning controls do not apply to reflect the city's old town area. It will not be able to ensure the public use of the scarce resources of nature landscape. The research is based on the "livable" urban landscape experience and the idea of "form-based coding". Through the overall control and form control of residential area, the urban landscape will be suitable for living purposes.%在《宜居城市科学评价指标体系研究》中,宜居城市包括六项指标,其中“环境优美度”和“生活便宜度”与城市规划密切相关.肇庆作为著名的风景旅游城市和国家历史文化名城,一向以“山湖城江”闻名于世.近年来随着城镇建设的快速推进,一些新开发的楼盘为了局部利益牺牲城市环境质量的行为屡见不鲜.从技术层面看,国内当前规划对空间结果预见性不足,缺乏相对完善的控制指标体系.现行的规划控制不适用于体现城市特色的老城区,更无法保证稀缺景观资源的公共性是导致上述现象的主要原因.该文借鉴世界著名“宜居”山水城市经验,借助“形态区划”的方法,从宏观到微观,通过整体风貌控制和居住建筑形态控制,在保护城市山水环境基础上达到宜居的目的.

  20. What is the Influence of the Planning Framework on the Land Use Change Trajectories? Photointerpretation Analysis in the 1958–2011 Period for a Medium/Small Sized City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Monteiro

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Medium/small sized cities create a polycentric urban system representing the backbone of their territory, characterized by profound changes on land use. The objective of this study is to evaluate the spatial and temporal dynamics of land use in a medium/small city in Portugal during the period 1958–2011, and the relation with the planning framework. The assessment involves land use changes recognition in the period 1958–2011, calculation of the stability grade indicator, and the losses and gains between classes. The rate of artificialization and its relation with the planning framework was also evaluated. The results for the city of Viseu showed a main decrease in annual crops and arable lands, with an increase of the continuous and discontinuous urban fabric. The changes are systematic transitions, marked by planning framework and its typology, objectives and scale enforcement. A plan addressing the city encouraged land use changes in the fringe, while a municipal Master Plan determined sequent transformation in all areas. The land use changes and the artificialization processes enabled the identification of three periods where planning framework was forthright. The study underlines the importance of a planning framework for medium/small sized cities for urban sprawl and artificialization processes.

  1. EXERTING THE ADVANTAGES OF CITY PLANNING, CONSTRUCTING A SAFE CITY:EXPLORATION ON COMPILATION METHOD OF URBAN COMPREHENSIVE DISASTER PREVENTION PLANNING WITH THE CASE STUDY OF BEIJING%发挥规划特长营造安全城市——以北京为例探索城市综合防灾减灾规划的编制方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张帆

    2012-01-01

    With the aggravation of global environmental crises, large-scale earthquakes, volcano burst, flood, freeze, etc., happened frequently in recent years. People come to realize that it is a difficult but necessary issue for a city to strengthen its ability in resisting disasters. The compilation of urban comprehensive disaster prevention planning is an important and urgent task in the urban planning. However, this is a complex and unfamiliar planning. The compilation of the urban comprehensive disaster prevention planning of Beijing broke the normal compilation method of disaster prevention planning that simply lists individual disasters, which exerts the advantages of city planning in comprehensive coordination in the aspect of urban disaster prevention and reduction, so as to connect the city master plan and various kinds of special planning. The paper consists of three parts, which respectively discusses the power scope of city planning, the compilation method of comprehensive disaster prevention planning, and some experience during the compilation work.%城市作为现代社会人类赖以生存的巨型机器,如何加强其抵御灾害的能力成为一个必须面对的问题,城市综合防灾减灾规划的编制成为城市规划的一项重要内容和迫切任务.针对这个极为复杂并且陌生的命题,在编制北京城市综合防灾减灾规划的过程中,突破以往城市规划领域单灾种罗列的编制方式,重点强化城市规划在城市防灾减灾中具有的前瞻性、空间统筹、综合协调等优势,力争衔接起城市总体规划与各相关专业规划,发挥恰如其分的作用.文章探讨了城市规划的事权范围,综合防灾减灾规划的编制方法和内容以及组织编制过程中的一些工作体会.

  2. Modelling regional climate change and urban planning scenarios and their impacts on the urban environment in two cities with WRF-ACASA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falk, M.; Pyles, R. D.; Marras, S.; Spano, D.; Paw U, K. T.

    2011-12-01

    The number of urban metabolism studies has increased in recent years, due to the important impact that energy, water and carbon exchange over urban areas have on climate change. Urban modeling is therefore crucial in the future design and management of cities. This study presents the ACASA model coupled to the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF-ARW) mesoscale model to simulate urban fluxes at a horizontal resolution of 200 meters for urban areas of roughly 100 km^2. As part of the European Project "BRIDGE", these regional simulations were used in combination with remotely sensed data to provide constraints on the land surface types and the exchange of carbon and energy fluxes from urban centers. Surface-atmosphere exchanges of mass and energy were simulated using the Advanced Canopy Atmosphere Soil Algorithm (ACASA). ACASA is a multi-layer high-order closure model, recently modified to work over natural, agricultural as well as urban environments. In particular, improvements were made to account for the anthropogenic contribution to heat and carbon production. For two cities four climate change and four urban planning scenarios were simulated: The climate change scenarios include a base scenario (Sc0: 2008 Commit in IPCC), a medium emission scenario (Sc1: IPCC A2), a worst case emission scenario (Sce2: IPCC A1F1) and finally a best case emission scenario (Sce3: IPCC B1). The urban planning scenarios include different development scenarios such as smart growth. The two cities are a high latitude city, Helsinki (Finland) and an historic city, Florence (Italy). Helsinki is characterized by recent, rapid urbanization that requires a substantial amount of energy for heating, while Florence is representative of cities in lower latitudes, with substantial cultural heritage and a comparatively constant architectural footprint over time. In general, simulated fluxes matched the point observations well and showed consistent improvement in the energy partitioning over

  3. 深圳无线城市WLAN规划与组网研究%Research on WLAN Planning and Networking of Shenzhen Wireless City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾晶; 孙石峰

    2013-01-01

      在分析深圳信息化发展环境的基础上,探讨了深圳无线城市WLAN的定位,结合WLAN系统规划建设规律,研究了深圳无线城市运营模式、WLAN规划思路和建设方案。%Based on the analysis of development of Shenzhen informatization environment, it discusses the WLAN positioning. It also re-searches the operation mode of Shenzhen wireless city, the WLAN construction ideas and solution in combination with WLAN system planning rule.

  4. 基于市民感知的城市意象对城市规划的影响——以四川省宜宾市为例%Impact of Perception of the Public Image of the City on Urban Planning-Taking Yibin City Sichuan as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈超

    2012-01-01

    城市规划与城市居民以及游客的生活息息相关,一个好的规划可以为市民和游客带来更多的实惠与方便。“十二五”规划出台以后,城市居民对城市规划有什么样的感知意象,与他们的想法有什么差别,有多大差别,本文结合《宜宾市城市总体规划(2008-2020)》、《宜宾市近期建设规划》及宜宾市居民感知的城市意象与城市规划的相符度,浅析市民感知意象对城市规划的影响。%Urban Planning, the lives of city residents and tourists are closedly related. A good city-plan can bring citizens and tourists benefits convenience. After the completion of the 12th Five-Year Plan, this paper de- scribes the perception of the public image of the City on urban planning, and the differences between the existing urban planning and their desirable one After the completion of the 12th Five-Year Plan. Then how the “Yibin City Planning” and “Yibin Recent City Planning of Yibin” is accordance with residents whishes. In conclusion, the analysis of impact of the public perception of the city on the urban planning with of Yibin City.

  5. Planning and Design of the Plum Garden City Project%浅析梅苑城邦项目的规划设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏尚飞

    2013-01-01

    This paper taking the humanities Huangmei county city of the plum garden city project as the research object, dis-cusses the city, culture, architecture, natural design idea and pr-inciple. And specific discusses the overal planning Landsca-pe design and its surrounding but not conform to, the separatei-on of people and vehicles streamline design, space environme-nt design and penetration of the integration of resources and c-ultural heritage.%  本文以人文古城黄梅县的梅苑城邦项目为研究对象,论述了其城市、文化、建筑、自然的设计理念与原则。并对其围而不合的总体规划、人车分流的流线设计、空间环境相渗透的形态设计以及资源整合与文脉继承的景观设计进行具体了探讨与论述。

  6. Strategic Decision-making,Action Planning,Flexible Creation:A Philosophic Thinking on Chinese City Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the rich experience in urban construction in China for decades,the author argues that urban planning is a process of flexible creation under the guidance of strategic decision-making and action planning and in accordance with local conditions in hope of creating better human settlements and a harmonious society at the same time.Efforts should be made to strengthen the general knowledge and universal truth on urban planning and transform them into public consensus.

  7. A pseudo-optimal inexact stochastic interval T2 fuzzy sets approach for energy and environmental systems planning under uncertainty: A case study for Xiamen City of China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Propose a new energy PIS-IT2FSLP model for Xiamen City under uncertainties. • Analyze the energy supply, demand, and its flow structure of this city. • Use real energy statistics to prove the superiority of PIS-IT2FSLP method. • Obtain optimal solutions that reflect environmental requirements. • Help local authorities devise an optimal energy strategy for this local area. - Abstract: In this study, a new Pseudo-optimal Inexact Stochastic Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Sets Linear Programming (PIS-IT2FSLP) energy model is developed to support energy system planning and environment requirements under uncertainties for Xiamen City. The PIS-IT2FSLP model is based on an integration of interval Type 2 (T2) Fuzzy Sets (FS) boundary programming and stochastic linear programming techniques, enables it to have robust abilities to the tackle uncertainties expressed as T2 FS intervals and probabilistic distributions within a general optimization framework. This new model can sophisticatedly facilitate system analysis of energy supply and energy conversion processes, and environmental requirements as well as provide capacity expansion options with multiple periods. The PIS-IT2FSLP model was applied to a real case study of Xiamen energy systems. Based on a robust two-step solution algorithm, reasonable solutions have been obtained, which reflect tradeoffs between economic and environmental requirements, and among seasonal volatility energy demands of the right hand side constraints of Xiamen energy system. Thus, the lower and upper solutions of PIS-IT2FSLP would then help local energy authorities adjust current energy patterns, and discover an optimal energy strategy for the development of Xiamen City

  8. Tourism transportation planning based on TOD mode in Penglai city%基于TOD模式的蓬莱市旅游交通规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹鸿雁

    2011-01-01

    TOD模式与城市旅游交通规划结合,能够实现交通对旅游的支撑作用以及交通与土地利用之间的和谐互动.蓬莱市旅游交通规划从公共交通为主导、创造人性化交通环境的理念出发,探索了城市旅游交通规划中TOD模式的技术途径,即功能明确的旅游公交专线规划,无缝整合旅游换乘枢纽与核心景区,以公共交通为主体的交通组织,新区组团公交枢纽建设,完善的慢行交通体系构建,节约型旅游停车供给.%Combining TOD mode with tourism transportation planning achieves the supporting role of transportation in the tourism and the harmonious interaction between transportation and land use. The planning strategy is put forward based on TOD mode in Penglai city tourism transportation planning, that is, function defined tourism public transport planning, seamless integration of tourism transit hub and core scenic area, public transport as the main traffic organization, new district public transit hub construction, sound slow traffic system construction, and economical tourism parking supply.

  9. Urban Planning and Health Inequities: Looking in a Small-Scale in a City of Cape Verde

    OpenAIRE

    Gonçalves, Luzia; Santos, Zélia; Amado, Miguel; Alves, Daniela; Simões, Rui; Delgado, António Pedro; Correia, Artur; Cabral, Jorge; Lapão, Luís Velez; Craveiro, Isabel

    2015-01-01

    Background The lack of high-quality data to support evidence-based policies continues to be a concern in African cities, which present marked social, economic and cultural disparities that may differently impact the health of the groups living in different urban contexts. This study explores three urban units—formal, transition and informal—of the capital of Cape Verde, in terms of overweight/obesity, cardiometabolic risk, physical activity and other aspects related to the urban environment. ...

  10. Final work plan : phase I investigation of potential contamination at the former CCC/USDA grain storage facility in Montgomery City, Missouri.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LaFreniere, L. M.; Environmental Science Division

    2010-08-16

    former grain storage facility, the CCC/USDA will conduct investigations to (1) characterize the source(s), extent, and factors controlling the possible subsurface distribution and movement of carbon tetrachloride at the Montgomery City site and (2) evaluate the health and environmental threats potentially represented by the contamination. This work will be performed in accord with the Intergovernmental Agreement established between the Farm Service Agency of the USDA and the MoDNR, to address carbon tetrachloride contamination potentially associated with a number of former CCC/USDA grain storage facilities in Missouri. The investigations at Montgomery City will be conducted on behalf of the CCC/USDA by the Environmental Science Division of Argonne National Laboratory. Argonne is a nonprofit, multidisciplinary research center operated by UChicago Argonne, LLC, for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The CCC/USDA has entered into an agreement with DOE, under which Argonne provides technical assistance to the CCC/USDA with environmental site characterization and remediation at its former grain storage facilities. The site characterization at Montgomery City will take place in phases. This approach is recommended by the CCC/USDA and Argonne, so that information obtained and interpretations developed during each incremental stage of the investigation can be used most effectively to guide subsequent phases of the program. This site-specific Work Plan outlines the specific technical objectives and scope of work proposed for Phase I of the Montgomery City investigation. This Work Plan also includes the community relations plan to be followed throughout the CCC/USDA program at the Montgomery City site. Argonne is developing a Master Work Plan specific to operations in the state of Missouri. In the meantime, Argonne has issued a Provisional Master Work Plan (PMWP; Argonne 2007) that has been reviewed and approved by the MoDNR for current use. The PMWP (Argonne 2007) provides

  11. How planners' use and non-use of expert knowledge in land use and transport planning affect the goal achievement potential of plans? Experiences from three Scandinavian cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tennøy, Aud; Hansson, Lisa; Lissandrello, Enza;

    2015-01-01

    Changing urban development in more sustainable directions poses numerous challenges for planning practitioners. Expert knowledge could be helpful for planners aiming at facing up to these challenges by developing innovative ways of meeting seemingly contradictive objectives and solving planning...... plans (if implemented) contribute to achieve defined objectives, which in this paper concern transition toward more sustainable mobility patterns and reduction of traffic volumes. The expert knowledge in question concerns how land use and transport systems developments influence traffic volumes in urban...... in solving their planning problems. Instead, they rely on their embedded professional knowledge, which is sometimes outdated or misleading. It is found that changing towards land use and transport systems developments contributing to more sustainable mobility patterns requires considerable efforts...

  12. Sustainable Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Georg, Susse; Garza de Linde, Gabriela Lucía

    Judging from the number of communities and cities striving or claiming to be sustainable and how often eco-development is invoked as the means for urban regeneration, it appears that sustainable and eco-development have become “the leading paradigm within urban development” (Whitehead 2003). But......), urban design competitions are understudied mechanisms for bringing about field level changes. Drawing on actor network theory, this paper examines how urban design competitions may bring about changes within the professional field through the use of intermediaries such as a sustainable planning....../assessment tool. The context for our study is urban regeneration in one Danish city, which had been suffering from industrial decline and which is currently investing in establishing a “sustainable city”. Based on this case study we explore how the insights and inspiration evoked in working with the tool...

  13. 生态视角下的三亚市空间结构规划%Spatial Structure Planning of Sanya City from Ecological Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王胜男; 杨丹

    2012-01-01

    三亚市作为我国唯一的热带滨海旅游城市,在建设国际旅游岛空前繁荣的背景下,大量的城市移民和游客涌入,导致市区内部交通拥堵、环境恶化,城市空间向周边腹地快速无序扩展.为解决城市发展与环境的矛盾,遵循景观生态规划原则,提出从市域、市区两个层次入手,规划未来三亚市的空间结构.市域空间结构组织采用复合指状模式,旨在完善三亚市景观生态安全格局。高效发挥自然资源的生态效应;市区空间外拓采用网络组团模式,以期打造各个组团特色,增加组团间联系,强化不同分区的生态功能.%As the only tropical seashore tourist city of China, Sanya is trying to become an international tourist destination. Meanwhile, the city experiences large flux of urban immigrants and tourists, causing urban issues such as traffic congestion, environment deterioration, and rapid urban sprawl. In order to solve the contradiction between urban development and environment, following the principles of landscape ecologycal planning, this paper puts forward the idea of spatial structure planning of Sanya from the level of city territory and urban district. City territory spatial structure uses an enhanced palm model, aiming at improving the threshold landscape pattern and boosting the ecological effect of natural resources. Urban district space expansion design is based on the network grouping model, so that distinctive ecological functions can be expressed explicitly.

  14. Designing colonial cities : the making of modern town planning in the Dutch East Indies and Indonesia 1905-1950

    OpenAIRE

    Roosmalen, P.K.M. van

    2011-01-01

    Far-reaching socio-economic changes caused by burgeoning private enterprise, in combination with new insights and demands in terms of hygiene, infrastructure, architecture and town planning; emerging anti-sentiments among growing numbers of indigenous inhabitants; and the direct confrontation of administrators with local issues: together these provided a prolific setting for the making of modern town planning in the Dutch East Indies in the fi rst half of the twentieth century.

  15. OpenCities Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — The Open Cities Project aims to catalyze the creation, management and use of open data to produce innovative solutions for urban planning and resilience challenges...

  16. City 2020+

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, C.; Buttstädt, M.; Merbitz, H.; Sachsen, T.; Ketzler, G.; Michael, S.; Klemme, M.; Dott, W.; Selle, K.; Hofmeister, H.

    2010-09-01

    This research initiative CITY 2020+ assesses the risks and opportunities for residents in urban built environments under projected demographic and climate change for the year 2020 and beyond, using the City of Aachen as a case study. CITY 2020+ develops scenarios, options and tools for planning and developing sustainable future city structures. We investigate how urban environment, political structure and residential behavior can best be adapted, with attention to the interactions among structural, political, and sociological configurations and with their consequences on human health. Demographers project that in the EU-25-States by 2050, approximately 30% of the population will be over age 65. Also by 2050, average tem¬peratures are projected to rise by 1 to 2 K. Combined, Europe can expect enhanced thermal stress and higher levels of particulate matter. CITY 2020+ amongst other sub-projects includes research project dealing with (1) a micro-scale assessment of blockages to low-level cold-air drainage flow into the city centre by vegetation and building structures, (2) a detailed analysis of the change of probability density functions related to the occurrence of heat waves during summer and the spatial and temporal structure of the urban heat island (UHI) (3) a meso-scale analysis of particulate matter (PM) concentrations depending on topography, local meteorological conditions and synoptic-scale weather patterns. First results will be presented specifically from sub-projects related to vegetation barriers within cold air drainage, the assessment of the UHI and the temporal and spatial pattern of PM loadings in the city centre. The analysis of the cold air drainage flow is investigated in two consecutive years with a clearing of vegetation stands in the beginning of the second year early in 2010. The spatial pattern of the UHI and its possible enhancement by climate change is addressed employing a unique setup using GPS devices and temperature probes fixed to

  17. Prospective Analysis and Critique of the Territory of Araquari: The Relationship Between Sustainability Criteria in the City Master Plan and Territorial Sustainable Development (TSD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrey Freitas da Silva

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the prospective analysis and criticism for the territory of Araquari (Santa Catarina according to the sustainability criteria of Ignacy Sachs and the Master Plan in the field of Sustainable Territorial Development (DTS. The research is qualitative and exploratory and uses a socio-historical context of Araquari.  The objective is to identify the potential of the territory and to highlight the role of the management of organizational settings and social transformations, during an automotive factory installation in 2014 (Bayerische Motoren Werke - BMW. Through evaluation of the sustainability criteria, the Master Plan of the municipality is assessed with regard to the managers and civil society, state and market, with terms and Reflections of DTS and the expectations and challenges in view of the managers. The research reports on aspects of Brazilian municipalities that are home to complex automotive and crossed processes with the expectation that positive and similar processes should happen in Araquari. The study concludes with the need to comply to the letter of the Master Plan by all stakeholders in accordance with its guidelines. It is essential that the following requirements be addressed: the social functions of the city, social function of property, sustainability, equality in social justice, and democratic and participatory management.

  18. SIGNIFICATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS GENERATED BY THE IRRIGATION DITCHES COIS, PULEN AND YORTUQUE OF CHICLAYO'S CITY PERU: PROPOSAL OF A MITIGATION PLAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romero, Blanca

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Water bodies near urban areas can suffer a steady deterioration by anthropogenic activities that impact the environment. The present research aims to identify and assess the impacts generated by the irrigation ditches Cois, Pulen and Yortuque of Chiclayo's city, Lambayeque, Peru in which were established 12 sampling stations during the months of January to August 2009. The water quality of the irrigation ditches was determined by the standard methods of the APHA-AWWAWPCF. Air quality was assessed by olfactory perception and landscape by the method of representative subjectivity. The qualitative evaluation of the impacts used the matrix type of Leopold and for the quantitative the method of Fisher-Davis. Based upon the impact levels a proposal of a mitigation plan was generated. It was concluded: 1 The water of the irrigation ditches at present concentrations of BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand, total and thermotolerant 5,20 coliforms, metals such as lead, cadmium, 5.20 higher than the MPL(Maximum permitted level set by the DS-MINAM 002-2008-Peru, is not suitable for crop irrigation, recreational use or as drinking water for animals; 2The negative environmental impacts of the irrigation ditches on the atmosphere of Chiclayo's city, were valued as significant, very significant and severe; 3 Activities such as dumping domestic waste water, washing of vehicles and the accumulation of solid waste affect the water quality of the irrigation ditches, air quality and the urban landscape.

  19. 健康城市导向下的社区规划%Healthy City Oriented Community Planning/Wang Yi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王一

    2015-01-01

    为应对城市化问题给人类健康带来的挑战,20世纪80年代学界赋予了健康城市新的内涵,并在全球展开了建设健康城市的行动。社区作为落实健康城市战略的基本单元,受到了广泛的关注。文章提出健康城市导向下的社区规划应关注满足活动需求与保护生态环境,并在此基础上提出了健康社区的评价和规划策略:以城市更新促进用地混合,提升社区经济与就业;通过合理选址与联合使用,发挥学校的社会效用;活动策划与交通组织相结合,引导健康生活方式;加强能源管理与部门协作,推进资源再利用。%Healthy city has been granted with new meanings in response to urban problems since 1980s, and as a movement it has been carried out globaly. Community is the basic unit and focus in healthy city development. The paper argues community planning shal focus on activity and ecology, and puts forwards evaluation and planning strategies: mixed land use by urban renewal;enhancement of local economy and employment; ful exertion of school’s social functions; healthy life by activity organization and transportation; reuse of resource and energy by departmental colaboration.

  20. Designing colonial cities : the making of modern town planning in the Dutch East Indies and Indonesia 1905-1950

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roosmalen, P.K.M. van

    2011-01-01

    Far-reaching socio-economic changes caused by burgeoning private enterprise, in combination with new insights and demands in terms of hygiene, infrastructure, architecture and town planning; emerging anti-sentiments among growing numbers of indigenous inhabitants; and the direct confrontation of adm

  1. Building Low Carbon Cities: Framework to Design and Evaluate Alternative Technologies and Policies for Land Use Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashimoto, S.; Hamano, H.; Fujita, T.; Hori, H.

    2008-12-01

    Annex I parties of the Kyoto Protocol are facing even greater pressures to fulfill their commitment for GHG reduction as they enter the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol 2008-2012. In Japanese context, one such challenge is to reduce CO2 emissions from the household and business sectors because CO2 emissions from the both sectors has increased by 12% and 20% respectively since 1990 while the industry has achieved 21% of CO2 emissions reduction. Land use planning, which, either directly or indirectly, controls appropriate uses for land within jurisdictions, might play very important roles to deal with CO2 reductions from the household and business sectors. In this research, aiming at effective reductions of air- conditioning energy consumption and resultant CO2 emissions from the household and business sectors, the framework to design and evaluate land use planning was developed. The design and evaluation processes embraced in this framework consist of GIS database, technology and policy inventory for planning, one- dimensional urban canopy model which evaluate urban climate at neighborhood level and air-conditioning load calculation procedure. The GIS database provides spatial information of target areas such as land use, building use and road networks, which, then, helps design alternative land use plans. The technology and policy inventory includes various planning options ranging from those for land over control to those for building energy control, which, combined with the GIS database, serves for planning process. The urban canopy model derives vertical profiles of local climate, such as temperature and humidity, using the information of land use, building height and so on, aided by the GIS database. Vertical profiles of the urban climate are then utilized to derive air-conditioning load and associated CO2 emissions for each building located in target areas. The framework developed was applied to the coastal district of Kawasaki, Japan, with an

  2. Comprehensive Transportation Planning in Tourism City: A Case Study in Sanya%专业旅游城市综合交通规划技术方法研究——以三亚市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴继锋; 杜恒; 张国华

    2013-01-01

    为完善专业旅游城市的综合交通规划技术体系,通过总结国外专业旅游城市在综合交通规划建设过程中的经验,在识别旅游交通特征的基础上,分析专业旅游城市对交通体系的基本要求.针对专业旅游城市交通规划面临的关键问题和挑战,指出应将旅游交通特征和规律的研究贯穿综合交通规划始终,实现旅游交通与城市居民常规交通高度融合,进而提出综合交通规划技术体系框架.以三亚市为例,重点探讨了专业旅游城市交通设施合理规模的确定,以及交通设施规划基本思路.%To improve the methodology of comprehensive transportation planning in tourism city, this paper discusses the tourist travel characteristics and requirements for a corresponding transportation system, through learning experience from other tourism cities around the world in comprehensive transportation planning and development. Aiming at the problems and challenges facing tourism city's urban transportation planning, the paper points out that tourism travel characteristics and patterns should always be considered in comprehensive transportation planning to promote the coordination of tourism traffic and daily commuting traffic. The paper also presents a framework of comprehensive transportation planning for tourism city. Taking Sanya as an example, the paper elaborates the reasonable development of transportation facilities and basic transportation facility planning schemes in tourism city.

  3. Sorting out the connections between the built environment and health: A conceptual framework for navigating pathways and planning healthy cities

    OpenAIRE

    Northridge, Mary E.; Sclar, Elliot D.; Biswas, Padmini

    2003-01-01

    The overarching goal of this article is to make explicit the multiple pathways through which the built environment may potentially affect health and well-being. The loss of close collaboration between urban planning and pulic health professionals that characterized the post-World War II era has limited the design and implementation of effective intervention and policies that might translate into improved health for urban populatons. First, we present a conceptual model that developed out of p...

  4. A Multi-Objective Input–Output Linear Model for Water Supply, Economic Growth and Environmental Planning in Resource-Based Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenlan Ke

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Water resource and environment capacity have become two of the most important restrictions for sustainable development in resource-based cities whose leading industries are the exploitation and processing of resources. Taking Ordos in China as an example, this article constructs an integrated model combining a multi-objective optimization model with input–output analysis to achieve the tradeoffs between economic growth, water utilization and environmental protection. This dynamic model includes socioeconomic, water supply–demand, water quality control, air quality control, energy consumption control and integrated policy sub-models. These six sub-models interact with each other. After simulation, this article proposes efficient solutions on industrial restructuring by maximizing the Gross Regional Product of Ordos from 394.3 in 2012 to 785.1 billion RMB in 2025 with a growth rate of 6.4% annually; and presents a water supply plan by maximizing the proportion of reclaimed water from 2% to 6.3% through sewage treatment technology selection and introduction, and effective water allocation. Meanwhile, the environmental impacts are all in line with the planning targets. This study illustrates that the integrated modeling is generic and can be applied to any region suffering uncoordinated development issues and can serve as a pre-evaluation approach for conducting early warning research to offer suggestions for government decision-making.

  5. Planning and Design of Garden City Green Space System%园林城市绿地系统规划与设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾令俊

    2012-01-01

    Based on the specific conditions of the urban greening in under the new situation,city greening was classified from the function of green space angle and served in the planning of the urban green space,construction,management,statistics,and played promotion and guidance role in the internal structure of urban green system and the development of urban peripheral greening,and at the same time contributed to the construction and development of the discipline of landscape architecture and urban green space planning.%新形势下城市绿化的具体情况,主要从绿地的功能角度进行分类,使其能为城市绿地的规划、建设、管理、统计服务,并能对城市绿地系统的内部结构、城市大环境绿化的发展起推动、引导作用,同时对风景园林及城市绿地规划学科的建设发展作出贡献。

  6. 生态城市规划建设面临的问题分析%To Analysis the Problems of the Eco-city Planning and Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖潇

    2013-01-01

    With the continuous advance of China's urbanizati-on, how to create a livable environment and how man and nat-ure develop harmony and unity have become one of today's most important urban issues. The sustainability of city has clo-se contact with the urban ecological planning and construction. In this article, the author summarize and analysis the problems of modern ecological urban planning in the actual construction.%  随着我国城市化进程的不断前进,如何为城市人口营造宜居的环境,人与自然如何和谐统一发展已成为当今最为重要的城市问题之一。城市的可持续性发展与城市的生态规划与建设有着紧密的联系,本文针对现代生态城市规划在实际建设中面临的问题进行了总结与分析。

  7. Integrating Decentralized Rainwater Management in Urban Planning and Design: Flood Resilient and Sustainable Water Management Using the Example of Coastal Cities in The Netherlands and Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thorsten Schuetze

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Urbanized delta areas worldwide share a growing tendency of exposure to water stress induced by the effects of climate change and anthropogenic factors, threatening the operation of infrastructure systems and future urban development. The important synergistic impacts coexisting with freshwater scarcity are increasing urbanization rates, subsiding soils, saltwater intrusion in aquifers and rivers, coastal erosion, and increased flooding. Innovative design strategies and concepts for the integration of decentralized rainwater management measures can contribute to the integrated and climate resilient planning of urban spaces that are threatened by climate change scenarios that worsen the security of urban infrastructures and the future availability of fresh water. Decentralized rainwater management, including retention, storage, and reuse strategies that are integrated into spatial planning and urban design, can reduce flood risks while simultaneously enhancing freshwater availability. This paper discusses a paradigm shift in urban water management, from centralized to decentralized management (that is, from threats to opportunities, using the example of two case studies. Concepts and strategies for building climate resilient cities, which address flood control, the protection of freshwater resources, and the harmonization of a natural and more sustainable water balance, are presented for Almere (Rhine Schelde Delta, The Netherlands and Hsingchu (Dotzpu Delta, Taiwan.

  8. 试论宜居性城市绿地的规划与建设%PLANNING AND CONSTRUCTION OF LIVABLE CITY GREEN SPACE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍学进; 曾菊新

    2011-01-01

    在生态城市、可持续发展等社会思潮的推动下,宜居性城市已逐渐成为新的城市发展观.我国的城市绿地建设也由过去的点缀性工作上升为城市基础设施建设的重点内容.但从城市的宜居性角度分析,我国城市绿地的规划与建设主要存在定位比较模糊,重综合公园和专类公园绿地、轻社区绿地,重绿地美化亮化效果、轻绿地生态效益,重整体性评价指标、轻宜居性指标等问题.立足于城市绿地规划的宜居性导向,提出了合理定位、绿地工程与主体工程"四同时",按自然规律进行城市绿地的建设与管理,突出社区性绿地,推行"绿径+缀块"的绿地网络布局,强调绿地的"可达性+开放性+复合性",以及适度兼顾绿地规模等宜居性城市绿地规划与建设的策略.%Under the social thought of ecological city and sustainable development, the livable city has gradually become a new development concept. Urban green space construction has become one of the most important matters of urban infrastructure planning and construction in our country, and has gained great achievement. However, the primary orientation of the planning and construction of the urban green space is very ambiguous. It focuses on the integrated parks and special parks rather than the communal green space, on the beautifying and shining effects rather than the eco-efficiency, on the integrated evaluation index rather than the index of the livability. For the livability-oriented of the urban green space planning,this paper brought forward the strategy of the livability of the urban green space,which stressed green space and other engineering‘ four simultaneities’, gave prominence to the communal green space, promoted the‘ green path and patch ’ in the network layout, emphasized the accessibility, openness, compound and the balance between appropriateness and scale.

  9. 基于海绵城市理念的城市规划方法探讨%The Methodological Discussion on Urban Planning on the Concept of Sponge City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仝贺; 王建龙; 车伍; 李俊奇; 聂爱华

    2015-01-01

    Through the analysis of the main problems existing in urban planning and its inner links with the prominent urban water environment problem, such as the city drainage waterlogging, stormwater runoff polution and the shortage of water resources. Starting from the point of urban construction land control and each level connection of urban planning, the ideas of solving the problem of city water environment is put forward from the source of the city construction, therefore, the sponge city construction has been incorporated into each stage of urban planning. a pilot construction project of the sponge city at 2015 is taken as an example, under the concept of the sponge city, how to realize the effective connection between urban overal planning, detailed planning and special planning is introduced in detail, in order to provide planning and design methods which can be used for reference for the construction of China's sponge city.%通过分析我国城市规划设计中存在的主要问题,及其与城市排水防涝、雨水径流污染、水资源短缺等突出城市水环境问题的内在联系.从城市用地控制、各层级规划衔接等角度出发,提出了从城市建设源头解决城市水环境问题的规划思路,进而将海绵城市建设内容纳入到城市规划的各个阶段.以济南市海绵城市建设试点城市申报实施方案为例,详细阐述了基于海绵城市理念下的城市总体规划、各专项规划、详细规划之间如何实现有效衔接,以期为我国海绵城市的建设提供可借鉴的规划设计方法.

  10. 城市绿色建筑规划设计研究--以池州市梅林花园(东区)规划设计为例%Research Planning and Design of Urban Green Architecture-- Take Planning and Design of Meilin Garden (Eastern District) in Chizhou City as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡芝明

    2014-01-01

    Urban green building construction is an important symbol of city ecological environmental protection, and green and healthy construction. Harmonious development of the city must vigorously promote the city green building design. This paper takes the planning and design of Meilin garden (eastern district) in Chizhou city as an example, describing the design idea and the design requirements of green building planning.%城市绿色建筑建设是城市生态环保、绿色健康的重要标志,城市的和谐发展必须大力推广城市绿色建筑规划设计。本文以池州市梅林花园(东区)规划设计为例,阐述了绿色建筑规划的设计理念和设计要求。

  11. Maximizing children's physical activity: an evaluability assessment to plan a community-based, multi-strategy approach in an ethno-racially and socio-economically diverse city.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dwyer, John J M; Hansen, Barbara; Barrera, Maru; Allison, Kenneth; Ceolin-Celestini, Sandra; Koenig, Dan; Young, Deborah; Good, Margaret; Rees, Tim

    2003-09-01

    An evaluability assessment was conducted to plan a community-based, multi-strategy approach to physical activity promotion (MSAPAP) to maximize young children's physical activity in an ethno-racially and socio-economically diverse city. This assessment involved consultation with various stakeholders to develop a program logic model to diagrammatically describe the MSAPAP. First, published literature regarding physical activity was reviewed to describe interventions designed to increase children's physical activity and to identify factors that contributed to program effectiveness. Secondly, key informants from mainstream service organizations and smaller community-based agencies were interviewed to determine their views on how to increase physical activity among children and families. A workgroup developed a draft logic model based on the results of the literature review and community needs assessment results. Thirdly, stakeholders were consulted about the draft model. This consisted of 12 focus groups with members of school boards (two sessions), members of community organizations (three sessions), lay home visitors who provide support to mothers of young children in ethno-racially diverse communities (one session), and parents from six cultural groups (six sessions). The logic model was revised based on the findings from this consultation. The final logic model shows children aged 3-8 years as the main target group, and parents and various community members who influence children as intermediate target groups. The MSAPAP is depicted as six strategies, which are clusters of program activities that are conceptually similar: community engagement, community assessment, accessibility, promotion, education and skill development, and inclusive programming. The logic model shows the 'cause and effect' relationships among program activities, shorter-term outcome objectives (e.g. to reduce user fees for physical activity programs) and longer-term outcome objectives (e.g. to

  12. Geotechnical mapping of the urban perimeter of Chapada dos Guimarães: subsidies to the city master plan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Ximenes de Tavares Salomão

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The cartographic prediction, characterization, and documentation of geological processes and hazard areas have fundamentalimportance for land-use regulation and planning, respecting the potentials and limits of the lands. Geotechnical mappingis an effective tool, which provides local authorities with such information, as demonstrated in the elaboration of thegeotechnical mapping of the urban area of Chapada dos Guimarães, in Mato Grosso state, Brazil. The morphopedologicalapproach was used, and it allowed the integrated interpretation of physical components and deductions of water shed operations.It also allowed the boundary identification of areas of relative homogeneity, as far as physical processes, geotechnicalattributes, potentialities and restrictions of land use are concerned. Six geotechnical units were defined and characterized.One was favorable for using without restrictions; two others were restricted but subject to control by Civil Engineeringworks and the remaining three ones presented geological risks associated with mass movement and erosion. The latter wasconsidered non favorable for human occupation, therefore of restricted use, and specific planning conditions.

  13. The Research on the Smart Planning Platform in the Context of Smart City%智慧城市背景下的智慧规划平台研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐刚; 李林琦

    2014-01-01

    在智慧城市背景下,如何充分利用各种信息化手段,提高城市规划建设的管理水平,是亟待解决的一个重大问题。通过融合BPM(业务流程管理)、GIS(地理信息系统)、BYOD(移动办公)等信息技术,结合温州经济技术开发区规划管理实际,建设实现图、文、表、管一体化的规划建设审批、成果管理、决策支持的智慧规划平台,为规划建设的智能高效管理奠定基础。%Under the background of smart city , how to utilize informatization method and improve the level of city planning and construction becomes a huge challenge .With the technologies of BMP ,GIS,and BYOD,our smart planning stage combines the planning and management of Wenzhou economic and technological development zone , realizes func-tions of map,text,tables,tube integrated planning and construction approval ,result management and decision support ,and lays the foundation of smart and effective management of city planning .

  14. EU Smart City Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmela Gargiulo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In recent years European Commission has developed a set of documents for Members States tracing, directly or indirectly, recommendations for the transformation of the European city. The paper wants to outline which future EU draws for the city, through an integrated and contextual reading of addresses and strategies contained in the last documents, a future often suggested as Smart City. Although the three main documents (Cohesion Policy 2014-2020 of European Community, Digital Agenda for Europe and European Urban Agenda face the issue of the future development of European cities from different points of view, which are respectively cohesion social, ICT and urban dimension, each of them pays particular attention to urban and territorial dimension, identified by the name of Smart City. In other words, the paper aims at drawing the scenario of evolution of Smart Cities that can be delineated through the contextual reading of the three documents. To this end, the paper is divided into three parts: the first part briefly describes the general contents of the three European economic plan tools; the second part illustrates the scenarios for the future of the European city contained in each document; the third part seeks to trace the evolution of the Smart Cities issue developed by the set of the three instruments, in order to provide the framework of European Community for the near future of our cities

  15. Calfornia General Plans

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — We undertook creating the first ever seamless statewide General Plan map for California. All county general plans and many city general plans were integrated into 1...

  16. Calfornia General Plans Rural

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — We undertook creating the first ever seamless statewide General Plan map for California. All county general plans and many city general plans were integrated into 1...

  17. Waste flow analysis and life cycle assessment of integrated waste management systems as planning tools: Application to optimise the system of the City of Bologna.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tunesi, Simonetta; Baroni, Sergio; Boarini, Sandro

    2016-09-01

    The results of this case study are used to argue that waste management planning should follow a detailed process, adequately confronting the complexity of the waste management problems and the specificity of each urban area and of regional/national situations. To support the development or completion of integrated waste management systems, this article proposes a planning method based on: (1) the detailed analysis of waste flows and (2) the application of a life cycle assessment to compare alternative scenarios and optimise solutions. The evolution of the City of Bologna waste management system is used to show how this approach can be applied to assess which elements improve environmental performance. The assessment of the contribution of each waste management phase in the Bologna integrated waste management system has proven that the changes applied from 2013 to 2017 result in a significant improvement of the environmental performance mainly as a consequence of the optimised integration between materials and energy recovery: Global Warming Potential at 100 years (GWP100) diminishes from 21,949 to -11,169 t CO2-eq y(-1) and abiotic resources depletion from -403 to -520 t antimony-eq. y(-1) This study analyses at great detail the collection phase. Outcomes provide specific operational recommendations to policy makers, showing the: (a) relevance of the choice of the materials forming the bags for 'door to door' collection (for non-recycled low-density polyethylene bags 22 kg CO2-eq (tonne of waste)(-1)); (b) relatively low environmental impacts associated with underground tanks (3.9 kg CO2-eq (tonne of waste)(-1)); (c) relatively low impact of big street containers with respect to plastic bags (2.6 kg CO2-eq. (tonne of waste)(-1)). PMID:27170193

  18. Education Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaked, Haim

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, several cities in Israel have labeled themselves "Education Cities," concentrating on education as their central theme. Employing qualitative techniques, this article aims to describe, define, and conceptualize this phenomenon as it is being realized in three such cities. Findings show that Education Cities differ from…

  19. Image city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2003-01-01

    Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities.......Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities....

  20. Small Cell City

    OpenAIRE

    Dehghan, S.; Steele, R.

    1997-01-01

    Traditionally, mobile operators have planned their networks to accommodate mobile terminals at ground level. Increasingly, mobile users communicate while stationary from within high-rise buildings. With mobiles operating at a variety of different heights and mobilities, plus the requirement to accommodate increasing teletraffic and multimedia services, there is a need to compact small cells into the three-dimensional city space. This article is concerned with using city buildings to act as el...

  1. 旅游岛屿城市的污水规划研究%Study on sewage planning for tourist island cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建国

    2014-01-01

    Taking Putuo Mountain in Zhejiang province as an example, through the variation of tourist number, the changing relation of sewage amount on the island is analyzed with the determination of the daily variation coefficient of the sewage. Based on the current situation of Putuo Mountain sewage treatment station, schemes for the sewage acquisition system is proposed with the construction of sewage regulating reservoirs in accordance with the huge variation of sewage quantity on the island, so as to provide certain reference to the sewage project planning of relevant tourist island cities.%以浙江普陀山为例,通过旅游人数的变化,分析了岛上污水量的变化关系,确定了污水的日变化系数,针对当前普陀山污水处理站的状况,提出了污水收集系统的方案,根据岛上污水量变化大的情况,在方案中设置了污水调节池,给相关旅游岛屿城市的污水工程规划提供一定的参考。

  2. Futures of cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2008-01-01

    Arkitektskole. Bogen  har 3 dele. Principles: Copenhagen Agenda for Sustainable Living, 10 principper udviklet af Ugebrevet Mandag Morgen illustreret af arkitektstuderende. Congress: Futures of Cities, Emerging Urbanisms- Emerging Practices, oplæg fra unge tegnestuer til temaet fremlagt på Student Congress......Bogen dokumenterer resultater fra den internationale kongres Futures of Cities arrangeret af IFHP International Federation of Housing and Planning, Realdania, Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole og City of Copenhagen. Kongressen blev afholdt i september 2007 i Øksnehallen og på Kunstakademiets...

  3. Making the Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes the latest research into cultural planning and architectural branding in Denmark based on the ‘Experience City' research project located at Aalborg University. The paper explores the implication of the turn towards culture and experience in the contemporary Danish city. It thus...... makes an investigation into the complex relationship between the words and policies of the ‘Experience Economy' and the actual urban transformations made in cities with reference to these changes. The paper discusses the cases researched in relation to the state, market, civil society framework as well...

  4. The Spatial Structures and Town Planning of Industrial Cities in Modern Britain(1848-1939)%近代英国工业城市的空间结构与城市规划(1848-1939)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁远; 刘金源

    2015-01-01

    以曼彻斯特、伯明翰和利兹为代表的新型工业城市在空间结构方面体现出鲜明特征:随着新型工业建筑的出现,土地功能实现区分;各类建筑交叉林立,城市布局混乱;新的社会阶层居所分离形成。这种空间结构特征,使得工业城市中的“城市病”问题尤为突出。在英国19世纪中叶兴起的近代城市规划运动中,工业城市积极开展规划实践,空间结构得到合理重组,“城市病”得以缓解,城市面貌显著改观。%As the new type of cities,industrial cities,represented by Manchester,Birmingham and Leeds,embodied unique spatial structures:the land’ s functional classification was formed with the appearance of new industrial buildings,the architec-tural layout took on a chaotic look because of the mixture of various kinds of buildings and the new residential segregation of different classes emerged as well. These structural features resulted in especially serious“urban diseases” in industrial cities. During the modern town planning movement since the mid-19th century,industrial cities actively carried out planning prac-tices. As the achievement of town planning,the spatial structures of industrial cities have been reasonably re-organized,“ur-ban diseases” have been relieved and cities’ appearance has been remarkably improved as well.

  5. Primary Education for All in the City of Mumbai, India: The Challenge Set by Local Actors. School Mapping and Local-Level Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juneja, Nalini

    This book discusses primary education of the poor in the city of Mumbai, India. It focuses on the city of Mumbai itself and the poor who live in it, answering questions such as What makes the city the way it is? What does it mean to be poor in Mumbai? and How does the poverty of the poor in Mumbai affect their chances of receiving a basic…

  6. Urban food planning, city logistics and sustainability: the role of the wholesale produce market. The cases of Parma and Bologna food hubs.

    OpenAIRE

    Morganti, Maria Eleonora

    2011-01-01

    At global level, the population is increasingly concentrating in the cities. In Europe, around 75% of the population lives in urban areas and, according to the European Environmental Agency (2010), urban population is foreseen to increase up to 80 % by 2020. At the same time, the quality of life in the cities is declining and urban pollution keeps increasing in terms of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, waste, noise, and lack of greenery. Many of European cities struggle to cope with social, ec...

  7. Biophilic Cities Are Sustainable, Resilient Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Newman

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available There is a growing recognition of the need for daily contact with nature, to live happy, productive, meaningful lives. Recent attention to biophilic design among architects and designers acknowledges this power of nature. However, in an increasingly urban planet, more attention needs to be aimed at the urban scales, at planning for and moving towards what the authors call “biophilic cities”. Biophilic cities are cities that provide close and daily contact with nature, nearby nature, but also seek to foster an awareness of and caring for this nature. Biophilic cities, it is argued here, are also sustainable and resilient cities. Achieving the conditions of a biophilic city will go far in helping to foster social and landscape resilience, in the face of climate change, natural disasters and economic uncertainty and various other shocks that cities will face in the future. The paper identifies key pathways by which biophilic urbanism enhances resilience, and while some are well-established relationships, others are more tentative and suggest future research and testing.

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, This is a feature class of the City, Town, and Village boundaries of Rock County Wisconsin., Published in 2007, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Rock County Planning, Economic, and Community Development Agency.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It...

  9. Xiangtan Urban Color Plan and Design Based on the City Brand Image%基于品牌形象的湘潭城市色彩规划设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马小强

    2015-01-01

    The urban color shows the city's cultural heritage and city personality, and shows the city brand image. This paper aims at the chaos of the application of urban color in Xiangtan, analyzing the region, natural resources and cultural characteristics that impact the urban color, and giving the corresponding countermeasures for Xiangtan urban color plan and design. It proposed that they not only should introduce the urban color system, but also should match the urban color harmoniously, and to ensure the implement of urban color planning through the establishment of sound urban color plan and design management standards, fundamentally solve the current chaos of color application in Xiangtan city plan and construction.%城市色彩彰显着城市的文化底蕴和城市个性,展示着城市品牌形象.本文针对湘潭城市色彩应用中的乱象,对影响城市色彩的地域、物产、人文等特征进行了具体分析,并为湘潭的城市色彩规划设计给出了相应的对策,提出不仅要引入城市主色彩体系,还要和谐搭配城市色彩,更要通过建立健全城市色彩规划设计管理标准的办法来确保城市色彩规划落到实处,从根本上解决目前湘潭城市规划建设中色彩应用的乱象.

  10. Beer City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Shandong Province’s Qingdao is becoming China’s great beer city sicenically located on a peninsula over-looking the Pacific Ocean, Qingdao, |or Tsingtao, is a coastal city soaked in two kinds of foam. One floats in

  11. Host City Contract operational requirements

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The Host City Contract - Operational Requirements (the “HCC Operational Requirements”) are an important part of the Host City Contract, detailing a set of core elements for the project, which provide Olympic quality conditions for the athletes and all participants, while at the same time allowing potential host cities to responsibly match their Games concepts to their own sport, economic, social, and environmental long-term planning needs.

  12. Ideal Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Meitner, Erika

    2012-01-01

    Erika Meitner discusses her new book: Ideal Cities. This collection of autobiographical narrative and lyric poems explores the relationship between body and place—specifically the pleasures and dangers of women’s corporeal experiences. Ideal Cities is guided by an epigraph from Song of Songs, and the metaphorical idea of bodies as cities, and cities as bodies. How do women’s bodies become sites of inscription via sex, childbirth, and other highly physical acts? These poems also investigate ur...

  13. Sin City?

    OpenAIRE

    Gautier, Pieter A; Svarer, Michael; Teulings, Coen N.

    2007-01-01

    Is moving to the countryside a credible commitment device for couples? Weinvestigate whether lowering the arrival rate of potential alternative partners bymoving to a less populated area lowers the dissolution risk for a sample of Danishcouples. We find that of the couples who married in the city, the ones who stay inthe city have significant higher divorce rates. Similarly, for the couples who marriedoutside the city, the ones who move to the city are more likely to divorce. Thiscorrelation ...

  14. Hamilton : the electric city

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The City of Hamilton has launched an extensive energy planning exercise that examines the possibility of steep increases in oil and natural gas prices. This report examined and illustrated the issue of oil and gas price points. The report also examined and presented the city's role in an era of energy constraints, focusing on the city's transit system and its vehicle fleet. In addition, in response to City Council's direction, the report presented the aerotropolis proposal and discussed freight transport issues. Specific topics of discussion included oil and natural gas prospects; prospects for high oil and natural gas prices; impacts of fuel price increases; strategic planning objectives for energy constraints; reducing energy use by Hamilton's transport and in buildings; and land-use planning for energy constraints. Energy production opportunities involve the use of solar energy; wind energy; deep lake water cooling (DLWC); hydro-electric power; energy from waste; biogas production; district energy; and local food production. Economic and social development through preparing for energy constraints and matters raised by city council were also presented. The report also demonstrated how an energy-based strategy could be paid for and its components approved. The next steps for Hamilton were also identified. refs., tabs., figs

  15. Eco-city Planning System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Ecology is being developed into a comprehensive discipline that studies man and nature, concerning every aspect of human activities. The concept of ecology is first put forward by Ernst Haeckel, the

  16. CHED Events: Salt Lake City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wink, Donald J.

    2009-03-01

    The Division of Chemical Education (CHED) Committee meetings planned for the Spring 2009 ACS Meeting in Salt Lake City will be in the Marriott City Center Hotel. Check the location of other CHED events, the CHED Social Event, the Undergraduate Program, Sci-Mix, etc. because many will be in the Salt Palace Convention Center.

  17. Malmo: A city in transition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anderson, Tessa Kate

    2014-01-01

    . From 1840 to the mid-1970s, Malmo’s growth continued to flourish. Like many Swedish cities, the manufacturing recession of the mid-1970s bought unemployment and population decline. Malmo transitioned from a manufacturing hub into a knowledge city with a strong focus on sustainable planning. Malmo has...

  18. Potential of the City of Belgrade’s urban areas and establishment of institutional, strategic and planning framework for utilization of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency within the City of Belgrade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lalošević Marija

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the potential of renewable energy sources within the area of City of Belgrade, and explores the possibilities of their further implementation in the field of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency, in line with mandatory EU Directives. A synergetic approach has been proposed in the recommendations for the implementation of goals/targets and policies in the fields of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency in the City of Belgrade. They put an emphasis on the importance of implementation of the strategic documents of the City. Recommendations on have been provided regarding the required institutional preconditions that have to be met in order for these goals to be achieved, as well as urbanistic and building design-related measures/standards in achieving energy efficiency.

  19. @City: technologising Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rojas, Jesús

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is about the concept of the contemporary city - the influence that technology has when one thinks about, plans and lives in a city. The conjunction of technology and city reformulates customs and social practices; it can even determine the way one constitutes one's own identity. One can see how close the relation is between technology (specifically, TICS and the structures of the city in a wide variety of situations: in social interactions on the street, in transport, and in ways of buying, of working and entertainment. "@City" is a concept that very well reflects the emergent properties of a current city, that is, the coexistence of a physical and a virtual urban space. The "22@Barcelona" project attempts to bring together different types of spaces. By combining the physical with the virtual, 22@Barcelona, as a neighborhood of @City, creates an uncertain and blurred border between both spaces.The article also examines the impact that these spaces have on the psycho-social processes involved in the daily life of a traditionally working-class neighborhood, now strongly limited by technological boundaries.

  20. City PLANTastic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    , any attempt to create a green city is motivated by certain ecological, political and esthetical perspectives. Therefore the role of plants in tomorrows cities is everything but straightforward. Rather, a broad range of possibilities unfolds. City PLANTastic is the title of the 8th World in Denmark...... urbanism, who reflect upon the multiple roles of plants in the future city through their most recent projects. The theme for the 2012 World in Denmark conference is City PLANTastic, which will also be explored by researchers through their works....

  1. City of layers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2007-01-01

    mobility practices are played out in a relational space where the potential for movement is shifted in favour of the elite and the tourists. The Sky Train reconfigures the mobility patterns of the inner city of Bangkok in ways that are more than planning policies to overcome congestion and traffic jams...

  2. The Construction of Ideal City and Practical Urban Planning Some Inspirations from the New York City Needs a More Scientific Planning (2007 Version)%建设“理想城市”需要更科学更务实的城市规划 2007版纽约城市规划的经验借鉴及其对我们的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡瀛

    2011-01-01

    The fast urbanization, expanding population and serious resource shortage have brought great challenges to oar living environment. The construction of a sustainable ideal city through space planning has become a hot issue at present. The New York City Plan (2007 Version) played an important role in the successful transformation of urban development. The urban planning experience of New York is encouraging for Guangdong who endeavors to build an Ideal City. We should set the most advanced planning practice as the example and improve our urban planning.%面临城市化进程不断加快、人口持续增长和资源短缺日益严重等一系列严峻挑战,通过空间规划建设可持续发展的"理想城市"已成为当前备受关注的问题。以纽约2007年版城市规划为研究范例,其科学的编制过程、务实的实施措施,在引领城市发展成功转型中起到了重要的作用。纽约规划的经验,对于致力于建设"理想城市"的广东具有十分重要的启示。要以全世界最先进的规划实践为标杆,把不断提高规划的科学性和操作性作为贯穿规划工作始终的最重要环节。

  3. European Strategies for Smarter Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Alessandra Barresi; Gabriella Pultrone

    2013-01-01

    On a worldwide scale, cities and regions must tackle the challenges set by the radical change in our society and in our economy, aiming to develop effective public policies and boost their managerial, evaluation and planning skills. Anyway, it is essential to put a new idea of city at the centre of the smart strategies in order to bring policies back to their former central position, since technologies alone cannot generate welfare and prosperity. Local leadership, integrated planning and a r...

  4. Urban Growth Areas, City and Village Comprehensive Planning, Published in 2007, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Lafayette County Land Records.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Urban Growth Areas dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2007. It is described as 'City...

  5. Theoretical Significance and Basic Features of Urban Planning in Resources Exhausted Cities%资源枯竭型城市规划的理论意义与基本特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马雪松

    2011-01-01

    通过论述科学、合理、有效的城市规划对资源枯竭型城市转型的重要意义,探究资源枯竭型城市规划的基本特点和主要任务,有助于正确认识资源枯竭型城市规划所面临困境的复杂性,揭示困境发生机制中蕴含的制度性根源,从而为积极推进资源枯竭型城市转型提供必要的基础和保障。%Analyzing scientific, reasonable and effective urban planning make contnounons ro relormuuo of resources exhausted cities, and exploring the basic features and main tasks of urban planning in resources exhausted cities help to reveal institutional sources of difficult position and provide necessary guarantee to reformation of resources exhausted cities.

  6. Citizens’ Participation in Planning Local Self–Government Expenditures on the Example of the Participatory Budget of the City of Torun in 2013 and 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Krzysztof Czarnecki

    2014-01-01

    The idea of so-called participatory budget was brought into effect for the first time twenty five years ago in the Brazilian city of Porto Alegre. In the short time participatory budget gained a great popularity, spreading to the entire country, and then to other South-American states. About 2000 many cities all over the world made attempts to implement participatory budgets. Members of local communities usually are enthusiastic, as participatory budget empowers them to decide on part of expe...

  7. Sustainability in South Asian city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghulam Akhmat

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available City brings about the most complex interplay of social, cultural, and political dimensions of space. It will have to accommodate around one billion humans only in South Asia by the year 2030. Therefore it needs to be prepared to absorb huge increases in urban population and resulting pressure on basic infrastructure and livelihood opportunities. In order to secure a better future and to improve the quality of life of all the citizens, city needs to be reinvented, by incorporating creativity and innovation with the approaches, we use in its planning. Here we present an overview of the progress, challenges and some key interventions to reinvent the city in South Asian region as well as in the developing world, with the examples of the most populous countries in the region: India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Planning transforms geometric space in city into lived space. City planning in South Asia is as old as the human settlement itself, but the current situation is well below the level to be admired. Most of the city plans have been faulty with poor economic base and implementability, and fostered unintended city within the city, whose growth rate shadows the growth rate of the city itself. City in the developing world desperately needs to follow a sustainable development pattern which satisfies the requirement for equity; meets basic human needs; allows social and ethnic self-determination; promotes environmental awareness, integrity and inter-linkages between various living beings across time and space. It requires a combination of strategic policy making, supported by a system that combines personal opinion with scientific knowledge. It needs to reset the basis for the articulation of the initiatives of all relevant stakeholders to seek synergies for its development.

  8. Magical Landscapes and Designed Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raahauge, Kirsten Marie

    2008-01-01

    “something special,” a feel-good, (almost spiritual) healing power (just moments away from the bustling city). In Melanesia, such a spiritual force goes by the name of “mana”. Århus’ mana landscapes are only invested with this huge, floating quality because they are near the city. Furthermore, they are seen...... from the point of view of the city, where order, design, planning and commerce are important cityscape qualities. The article deals with the way in which these two parts of the city, landscape and brandscape are complementary parts of the city-web. Analytical points made by Mauss, Lévi-Strauss and...... Greimas are discussed in connection with the empirical setting of the city of Århus...

  9. The Emergence of City Logistics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammelgaard, Britta

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: – Many city logistics projects in Europe have failed. A better understanding of the complex organizational change processes in city logistics projects with many stakeholders may expand city logistics capabilities and thereby help prevent future failures. The purpose of this paper is...... therefore to increase understanding of how city logistics emerge, and secondarily, to investigate whether such processes can be managed at all. Design/methodology/approach: – A paradigm shift in urban planning creates new ways of involving stakeholders in new sustainability measures such as city logistics....... Organizational change theory is applied to capture the social processes leading to emergence of city logistics. The methodology is a qualitative processual analysis of a single longitudinal case. Findings: – The change process took different forms over time. At the time of concluding the analysis, positive...

  10. Suggestions of Urban Planning of Jinzhong Ecological Livable City%关于晋中生态宜居城市的规划建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟竹英

    2011-01-01

    Based on standard and connotation of modem ecological livable city, the author analyzed conditions and challenges of developing ecological livable city in Jinzhong. Aiming at how to realize ecological livable city, the author put forward suggestions of "Implementing 3 strategies, optimization 3 layout and improving 5 engineering".%在明确了现代宣居生态城市的标准和内涵的基础上。分析了晋中市发展生态宜居城市具有的条件和面对的挑战。如何趋利避害,更好地实现晋中市向现代宜居生态市转变,提出了“实施三大战略、优化三大布局、推进五大工程”的政策建议。

  11. 试论新疆小城市(镇)规划之绿地布局%Study on Green Space System Distribution for Small City Urban Planning in Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王策

    2001-01-01

    The author raise the city ecological environment placement to follow the special geography and natural “ green belt” in urban planning of Xinjiang Autonomous Region. To increase the standard of constructing the urban green system and green are also discussed.%在城市规划如何结合新疆地区特定地理条件和自然“绿脉”,引导城市生态景观环境布局;提出加大新疆小城市(镇)绿脉系统建设和绿地标准。

  12. Tourism and City. Reflections about Tourist Dimension of Smart City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Anna La Rocca

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The city of the future seems to be necessarily “intelligent” both in its physical and in functional features.This paper starts from the consideration that the diffusion of new communication technologies (ICTs is significantly changing the urban supply system of tourist services giving rise to new ways of enjoying the city.As tourism can be assumed as an urban activity, by a town planning point of view, the study of tourism is meaningful to identify development trajectories of the present cities targeted to sustainable and smarter models.As a matter of fact, almost all the projects to get a “smart city” are based on the idea of joining the potentialities of ICTs and the needs of urban management through people living or using the city.In such a vision, “tourist dimension” of the city becomes fundamental in promoting urban image as well as in improving efficiency of the city. This efficiency also depends on the capability of each city to share historical and cultural heritage as “common good”.As tourist demand has deeply changed also driven by technological development, this paper tries to investigate how the urban supply will change in order to meet the rising demand of quality and efficiency. The transition to smart tourist destination currently seems to be strongly connected with the number and the variety of apps to improve the “experiential component”. A lack of interest there seems to be in finding strategies and policies oriented to plan the urban supply of services tourist or not.This consideration, if shared, opens up new perspectives for research and experimentation in which city planning could have a key-role also in proposing an holistic approach to city development towards smart city.

  13. Citizens’ Participation in Planning Local Self–Government Expenditures on the Example of the Participatory Budget of the City of Torun in 2013 and 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Czarnecki

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The idea of so-called participatory budget was brought into effect for the first time twenty five years ago in the Brazilian city of Porto Alegre. In the short time participatory budget gained a great popularity, spreading to the entire country, and then to other South-American states. About 2000 many cities all over the world made attempts to implement participatory budgets. Members of local communities usually are enthusiastic, as participatory budget empowers them to decide on part of expenditures of local self-governments. Participatory budget creates alternative way of spending public funds. In Poland, the first city that decided to implement participatory budget was Sopot (2011. At present participatory budget is functioning in several dozen Polish local self-government units. In the article author tries to explain role and position of participatory budget according to the Act on Local Self-Government (1991. The structure and procedure concerning participatory budget is described on the example of the city of Torun (2013–2014.

  14. 节能环保与生态宜居城市规划设计探索%Exploring the Planning and Design of Environmental Care and Ecological Livable City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪增峰

    2013-01-01

    The ecological livable city is the pursuit of a bet er living environment since ancient times. However, with the de-velopment of the city, people have to face the increasing pres-sure on the environment. This article starts from the theory and bases on a successful design case to explore an ef ective way of combining the energy conservation and environmental prot-ection with the planning and design of ecological livable city.%  生态宜居城市是自古以来人们对居住环境的美好追求。然而随着城市的发展,人们不得不面对日益增加的环境压力。本文从理论出发,结合某成功设计案例,探讨了节能环保与生态宜居城市规划设计相结合的有效途径。

  15. 湖南省长沙市博林金谷小区建筑设计与规划%On design and planning for architectural design of Bolinjingu complex in Changsha city of Hunan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨帆

    2015-01-01

    以湖南省长沙市柏林金谷小区的建筑设计和规划为研究内容,提出了“人文与自然和谐相处”的设计理念,对小区中的规划布局、道路系统、绿化景观系统、建筑设计进行了详细的说明,以供参考和借鉴。%Based on the architectural design and planning for Bolinjingu complex in Changsha city of Hunan province,the paper points out the design idea of the harmonious relationship between humankind and nature,and indicates the planning layout,road system,reforestation land-scape system,and architectural design,so as to provide some reference.

  16. 城区抗战遗址景区交通组织规划研究--以重庆汉阳兵工厂(抗战生产洞)遗址为例%Research on Transportation Planning of War Ruins Scenic Located in the City -Take Hanyang Arsenal of Chongqing (War Production Cave) Site as Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩玲; 钟超男; 陈霞

    2015-01-01

    The research aims to provide key points of planning of city tourism transportation planning , coordination relationship between tourism traffic and city traffic ,fully integrated use of city and scenic road traffic resources ,building traffic system and city tourism traffic coordination .Taking Chongqing city Hanyang Arsenal (the production of cave ) site traffic organization planning as an example ,from the current situation of the traffic problems ,based on the passenger volume forecasting of traffic demand ,road network planning ,public transportation ,pedestrian system planning ,parking system planning and traffic organization of several aspects ,and puts forward the planning ideas and the main research contents for the city traffic organization planning .%旨在为城市旅游交通提供规划要点,梳理旅游交通和城市交通的协调关系,充分整合利用城市与景区道路交通资源,构建旅游和城市交通相互协调的交通系统。以重庆市汉阳兵工厂(抗战生产洞)旧址交通组织规划为例,从交通现状存在的问题入手,对基于旅客容量的交通需求预测、道路网规划、公共交通规划、人行系统规划、停车系统规划和交通组织几个方面进行深入研究、梳理,为城市景区交通组织规划提出思路。

  17. Gods of the City? Reflecting on City Building Games as an Early Introduction to Urban Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bereitschaft, Bradley

    2016-01-01

    For millions of gamers and students alike, city building games (CBGs) like SimCity and the more recent Cities: Skylines present a compelling initial introduction to the world of urban planning and development. As such, these games have great potential to shape players' understanding and expectations of real urban patterns and processes. In this…

  18. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herbelin, Bruno; Lasserre, Sebastien; Ciger, Jan

    2008-01-01

    Flying Cities is an artistic installation which generates imaginary cities from the speech of its visitors. Thanks to an original interactive process analyzing people's vocal input to create 3D graphics, a tangible correspondence between speech and visuals opens new possibilities of interaction....... This cross-modal interaction not only supports our artistic messages, but also aims at providing anyone with a pleasant and stimulating feedback from her/his speech activity. As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective is now to cross the bridge...

  19. Drone City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2016-01-01

    design” will be used as a background perspective to reflect upon the future of drones in cities. The other perspective used to frame the phenomenon is the emerging discourse of the “smart city”. A city of proliferating digital information and data communication may be termed a smart city as shorthand...... on the block” that will potentially be a game-changer for urban governance, economics and everyday life. Here we are thinking of the unmanned aerial vehicle or drone as the popular term has it. Therefore, the paper asks how life in “drone city” may play out. Drones may alter the notion of surveillance by means...

  20. Research on Evaluatin System and Planning Strategy of Livable City:A Case Study of Jiangyin%宜居城市评价体系及规划对策研究--以江阴为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊国平; 龙迪; 汪运志

    2014-01-01

    Through aranging the theories of basic intension and valuation index of livable city and summarizing the practice experience on livable city home and abroad, this paper takes Jiangyin as a case study, which pointing at the problems and demands at present situation, sets up the analytic indexes of livable city, confirms the weight of analytic evaluation indexes and evaluates the livable level of Jiangyin. Through this procedure, the paper proposes livable city planning strategies which including to improve ecological green network, develop public and slow transportation oriented trafic system, make characteristic urban area for culture continuity, build exquisite town with unique feature and construct beautiful countryside ect.%通过梳理国内外宜居城市基本内涵与评价指标理论,总结国内外宜居城市建设经验,以江阴为例,针对问题,结合需求,确定宜居城市评价因子,并对评价体系权重确值,评估江阴城市宜居水平,提出完善生态绿网、构建公交和慢行优先的交通体系、传承文化打造特色城区、营造一镇一品的精致城镇和建设美丽乡村等宜居城市规划对策。

  1. 缓解山地城市热岛效应规划措施探讨%Analysis of Planning Measures of Mountain City to Reduce Urban Heat Island

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈昌鸣

    2014-01-01

    指出了全球变暖和热岛效应对人类生活环境所带来的危害日趋严重,从城市规划这个源头采取措施缓解城市热岛显得尤为重要。山地城市热岛效应因地形因素与平原城市有较大差异,针对山地城市的特殊情况,对山地城市热岛产生的原因进行了分析。从城市空间结构、能源、绿地系统、道路交通等方面探讨了缓解山地城市热岛效应的规划措施,为山地城市设计和发展提供参考。%Nowadays ,it is a great challenge for the human society when the global warming and heat island effect become seriously .The heat island effect of the mountainous city is different from that of the plain city .Considering the special situation of the mountain city ,this article analyzes its reasons causing the heat island effect ,and discusses the planning measures for rerducing the heat island effect from the aspects of urban space structures ,energy usage , green system ,communication system and so on ,in order to provide references for the design and development of the mountain city .

  2. Discrimination on the Concept of Historic City in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jinghui; LI Caige

    2012-01-01

    In 1982,the State Council announced a list of historic cities in China,aiming to set up a conservation measure to conserve the cultural heritages from the perspective of a city.The historic city is a concept in relation to urban administrative governance.Its conservation scope and specific contents should be defined in conservation planning.Since the conservation planning of historic city is a part of the city master planning,its planning area should be the same as that in the master planning,with focus on the central urban area.The conservation planning of a historic city should define its objects in view of the interconnection between city history and culture and thus specify its conservation scope and contents accordingly.

  3. New city spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gehl, Jan; Gemzøe, Lars

    2001-01-01

    2. rev. udg. engelsk udgave af 'Nye byrum'. This book presents an overview of the developments in the use and planning of public spaces, and offers a detailed description of 9 cities with interesting public space strategies: Barcelona, Lyon, Strasbourg, Freiburg and Copenhagen in Europe, Portland...... in North America, Curitiba and Cordoba in South America and Melbourne in Australia. It also portrays 39 selected public space projects from all parts of the World. The strategies and projects are extensively illustrated by drawings, plans and photographs....

  4. City Streets

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This data set contains roadway centerlines for city streets found on the USGS 1:24,000 mapping series. In some areas, these roadways are current through the 2000...

  5. 周口市朱集村特色生态农庄规划探析%Analysis on Planning of Characteristic Ecological Farm in Zhuji Village of Zhoukou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖鸿燚

    2011-01-01

    Taking the practice of the plan of characteristic ecological farm b Zhuji Village of Zhoukou City as research object, and based on project planning and designing, planning principles, function area, key project planning and so on, the ideas and methods as well as the development of the characteristic; ecological farm were expounded, and it provided reference for the development of agricultural farm in the east regions in Henan Province.%以河南省周口市朱集村特色生态农庄的规划设计实践为对象,从项目定位、规划原则、空间布局以及重点项目的策划等方面入手,详细分析了朱集村特色生态农庄规划的理念、方法以及开发建设的思路,为中原地区尤其是豫东地区类似农业庄园的发展提供了借鉴和参考.

  6. SIGNIFICATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS GENERATED BY THE IRRIGATION DITCHES COIS, PULEN AND YORTUQUE OF CHICLAYO'S CITY PERU: PROPOSAL OF A MITIGATION PLAN

    OpenAIRE

    Romero, Blanca

    2011-01-01

    Water bodies near urban areas can suffer a steady deterioration by anthropogenic activities that impact the environment. The present research aims to identify and assess the impacts generated by the irrigation ditches Cois, Pulen and Yortuque of Chiclayo's city, Lambayeque, Peru in which were established 12 sampling stations during the months of January to August 2009. The water quality of the irrigation ditches was determined by the standard methods of the APHA-AWWAWPCF. Air qual...

  7. Potential Cities_

    OpenAIRE

    Budzynski, Scott

    2015-01-01

    Buildings and urban construction are understood in this paper as representations of the city. Their meanings, however, are often invisible, positing unrealized urban visions, which are both imbedded in and which call up chains of associations expressing desires and fears. Narratives of what the city should be often contain the rejection of the existing urban situation. Understanding architectural objects as potential underscores their imaginary nature. Freud, for example, uses the Roman ruins...

  8. Beautiful city

    OpenAIRE

    Gerald A. Carlino

    2009-01-01

    Proponents of the City Beautiful movement advocated for sizable public investments in monumental spaces, street beautification, and classical architecture. Today, economists and policymakers see the provision of consumer leisure amenities as a way to attract people and jobs to cities. But past studies have provided only indirect evidence of the importance of leisure amenities for urban growth and development. In this article, Jerry Carlino uses a new data set on the number of leisure tourist ...

  9. City Beautiful

    OpenAIRE

    Gerald A. Carlino; Saiz, Albert

    2008-01-01

    The City Beautiful movement, which in the early 20th century advocated city beautification as a way to improve the living conditions and civic virtues of the urban dweller, had languished by the Great Depression. Today, new urban economic theorists and policymakers are coming to see the provision of consumer leisure amenities as a way to attract population, especially the highly skilled and their employers. However, past studies have provided only indirect evidence of the importance of leisur...

  10. Smart cities of the future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batty, M.; Axhausen, K. W.; Giannotti, F.; Pozdnoukhov, A.; Bazzani, A.; Wachowicz, M.; Ouzounis, G.; Portugali, Y.

    2012-11-01

    Here we sketch the rudiments of what constitutes a smart city which we define as a city in which ICT is merged with traditional infrastructures, coordinated and integrated using new digital technologies. We first sketch our vision defining seven goals which concern: developing a new understanding of urban problems; effective and feasible ways to coordinate urban technologies; models and methods for using urban data across spatial and temporal scales; developing new technologies for communication and dissemination; developing new forms of urban governance and organisation; defining critical problems relating to cities, transport, and energy; and identifying risk, uncertainty, and hazards in the smart city. To this, we add six research challenges: to relate the infrastructure of smart cities to their operational functioning and planning through management, control and optimisation; to explore the notion of the city as a laboratory for innovation; to provide portfolios of urban simulation which inform future designs; to develop technologies that ensure equity, fairness and realise a better quality of city life; to develop technologies that ensure informed participation and create shared knowledge for democratic city governance; and to ensure greater and more effective mobility and access to opportunities for urban populations. We begin by defining the state of the art, explaining the science of smart cities. We define six scenarios based on new cities badging themselves as smart, older cities regenerating themselves as smart, the development of science parks, tech cities, and technopoles focused on high technologies, the development of urban services using contemporary ICT, the use of ICT to develop new urban intelligence functions, and the development of online and mobile forms of participation. Seven project areas are then proposed: Integrated Databases for the Smart City, Sensing, Networking and the Impact of New Social Media, Modelling Network Performance

  11. KUNMING: The City of Spring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Kunming is the political, economic and cultural center of Yunnan province and the most popular center for tourism in Southwest China. Kunming enjoys a pleasant climate and does its best to live up to its title of "the City of Spring". Whenever you are planning to go, the temperature is always pleasant. With its convenient transport links in and out of the city, Kunming welcomes tens of thousands of tourists every day.

  12. The ecological future of cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonnell, Mark J; MacGregor-Fors, Ian

    2016-05-20

    The discipline of urban ecology arose in the 1990s, primarily motivated by a widespread interest in documenting the distribution and abundance of animals and plants in cities. Today, urban ecologists have greatly expanded their scope of study to include ecological and socioeconomic processes, urban management, planning, and design, with the goal of addressing issues of sustainability, environmental quality, and human well-being within cities and towns. As the global pace of urbanization continues to intensify, urban ecology provides the ecological and social data, as well as the principles, concepts and tools, to create livable cities. PMID:27199416

  13. CityGML - Interoperable semantic 3D city models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gröger, Gerhard; Plümer, Lutz

    2012-07-01

    CityGML is the international standard of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) for the representation and exchange of 3D city models. It defines the three-dimensional geometry, topology, semantics and appearance of the most relevant topographic objects in urban or regional contexts. These definitions are provided in different, well-defined Levels-of-Detail (multiresolution model). The focus of CityGML is on the semantical aspects of 3D city models, its structures, taxonomies and aggregations, allowing users to employ virtual 3D city models for advanced analysis and visualization tasks in a variety of application domains such as urban planning, indoor/outdoor pedestrian navigation, environmental simulations, cultural heritage, or facility management. This is in contrast to purely geometrical/graphical models such as KML, VRML, or X3D, which do not provide sufficient semantics. CityGML is based on the Geography Markup Language (GML), which provides a standardized geometry model. Due to this model and its well-defined semantics and structures, CityGML facilitates interoperable data exchange in the context of geo web services and spatial data infrastructures. Since its standardization in 2008, CityGML has become used on a worldwide scale: tools from notable companies in the geospatial field provide CityGML interfaces. Many applications and projects use this standard. CityGML is also having a strong impact on science: numerous approaches use CityGML, particularly its semantics, for disaster management, emergency responses, or energy-related applications as well as for visualizations, or they contribute to CityGML, improving its consistency and validity, or use CityGML, particularly its different Levels-of-Detail, as a source or target for generalizations. This paper gives an overview of CityGML, its underlying concepts, its Levels-of-Detail, how to extend it, its applications, its likely future development, and the role it plays in scientific research. Furthermore, its

  14. The Chinese Future Eco-city : A SpecializedAnalysis of Caofeidian International Eco-city

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Yue

    2010-01-01

    Over the next decades, China will face various thorny issues caused by the fasturbanization progress. Therefore, Caofeidian eco-city, being the most prominenteco-city project in China, is currently in the course of planning and construction,thereby providing a sound model for future urban development. The master plan of 30square kilometers area and current situation is fully analyzed by the PEBOSCAinterdisciplinary framework based on the UN Habitat agenda. To better realize theeco-city in a C...

  15. Birmingham Mayor Larry Langford has a good plan to help restore and protect rare fish population at city-owned pond drained by mistake

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Newspaper article highlighting a restoration plan by Birmingham Mayor Larry Langford after a significant fish kill in Roebuck Spring pond in 2008.

  16. Development of suburb farm landscape in the process of urban-rural overall planning from the perspective of ecological economics: a case study of Chengdu City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Dan; Wang Xiaohong

    2009-01-01

    With the accelerating development of Chinese urbanization and the widening gap between rural and urban areas, urban-rural overall planning is to be an inevitable choice for economic and social development.However, the specific patterns and methods in urban-rural overall planning are greatly different.From the persperctive of ecological economy, taking the main physical and biological pattern of the farmland as research objects, this paper analyzes the components and characteristics of farm landscape, the relationship between farm landscape exploitation and rural tourism, and the role of farm landscape exploitation in planning urban and rural development.It expatiates on the pattern, method and principle of farm landscape development.Furthermore, based on the actual development case, this paper explores how to make high-grade tourism products with scientific and reasonable farm landscape development method, how to increase peasant income, how to improve urban and rural ecological economic environment, so as to promote urban-rural overall planning.

  17. Opportunity-Rich Schools and Sustainable Communities: Seven Steps to Align High-Quality Education with Innovations in City and Metropolitan Planning and Development

    OpenAIRE

    McKoy, Deborah; Vincent, Jeffrey M.; Bierbaum, Ariel H.

    2011-01-01

    Policies and strategies at all levels of government are increasingly associating educational outcomes with community planning and housing. Challenges remain for local officials and practitioners trying to align these policy areas, including persistent spatial inequity and rigid institutional silos. This report develops seven steps to link education and planning policy at the local level. The authors draw from a national scan of model activities, interviews with key experts and agency staff me...

  18. Managing Air in Olympic Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Qing W. Tian; Peter Brimblecombe

    2008-01-01

    The 21st century Olympic Agenda aims to align itself with the concept of sustainable development and has driven improved environmental quality in host cities, such as the Green Games in Sydney 2000 and the planned Beijing 2008 Games and in London 2012 as the Low Carbon Games. Air quality has long been a concern of Olympic mega-cities, although the air quality plans and strategies have often seemed short-lived and unsustainable in the long term. We have explored air quality data and air pollut...

  19. 宁波市五龙潭旅游区游览系统规划设计研究%Research on the Tour System Planning and Design of Ningbo City Five Longtan Tourist Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪治中

    2013-01-01

    The Five Longtan Tourism District of Ningbo city is an important type of mountain scenic tourist spots, planning and construction of the facilities for tourist area landscape, to-uring, ecological protection is important. Based on the domes-tic and foreign successful experiences in the planning and con-struction of the scenic areas of tourism facilities, this paper m-akes scientific planning of tourism facilities development, imp-roving tourism facilities system, to make ful use of tourism re-sources and promote the further development of tourism area.%五龙潭旅游区是宁波市重要的山地型风景旅游景点,其游览设施的规划建设对于旅游区的景观、游览、生态保护等方面均具有重要的意义。本文借鉴国内外景区游览设施规划建设的成功经验,对旅游区游览设施开发进行科学规划,提升旅游区游览设施系统,促进旅游区资源的充分利用与旅游活动的深度拓展。

  20. Climate Change Management Approaches of Cities: A Comparative Study Between Globally Leading and Turkish Metropolitan Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solmaz Filiz Karabag

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Many studies have focused on climate change policies and action at the national level, but few have studied policies and action at the city level, especially cities in emerging economies. To address this gap, the present study analyzes the management strategies globally leading cities have developed to address climate change and related issues and compares them with the city strategies of one rapidly urbanizing emerging economy, Turkey. In the analysis, the strategic plans of five leading global cities are compared with those of sixteen Turkish cities. While the leading global cities have specific managerial approaches to mitigate climate change, none of the Turkish cities exhibits any comprehensive approach. Furthermore, while leading global cities modify urban services to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG emissions, few Turkish cities adjust any services to address this challenge. Some Turkish cities propose an increased use of renewable energy sources and modification in their transportation system, but the focus in these plans is the current daily needs of their inhabitants. The findings of this study suggest several climate change strategies both for Turkish cities and cities in other developing countries.

  1. CITIES: Centre for IT-Intelligent Energy Systems in Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herrmann, Ivan Tengbjerg; O'Connell, Niamh; Heller, Alfred;

    2014-01-01

    between operations and planning. This extended abstract outlines the challenges to be met by city and energy planning bodies in an energy efficient future. The necessity of novel, data driven and IT intelligent solutions is stressed. A focus is placed on energy system planning in systems with high...... and aims at developing methodologies and ICT solutions for the analysis, operation, planning and development of fully integrated urban energy systems. A holistic research approach will be developed, to provide solutions at all levels between the appliance and the overall system, and at all-time scales...... penetrations of renewable energy, or those entirely independent of fossil fuels....

  2. City Branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trads, Søren Frimann; Stigel, Jørgen

    2006-01-01

    Succesful corporate branding requires that questions related to communication, publicity, and organizational structures are adressed. An uncritical adoption of approaches known from tradition product branding will inevitable give problems as the properties of tangible commodities and services with...... potential visitors, problems seem to multiply in what has becom known as city branding. This analysis of the communicational aspects of two Danish provincial towns´ branding efforts examines both their internally and externally directed communication. It demonstrates that an insufficient understanding of...... - or willingness to face - these differences will inevitably hamper such branding efforts because of the consequential inconsistencies. Finally, paths to more effective city branding are indicated...

  3. Urban Tourism Transportation Planning based on Low-carbon Model:Taking Penglai City as An Example%低碳型城市旅游交通规划探析——以蓬莱市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹鸿雁

    2011-01-01

    随着许多城市旅游产业的发展,游客数量的增长,城市道路交通问题日益严重,道路交通设施的建设往往与城市旅游资源的保护发生矛盾.城市旅游交通低碳化转型将成为实现城市旅游业健康发展的关键,如何在城市交通中落实低碳化理念,如何引导城市旅游交通向绿色环保交通转变,是旅游交通规划必须面对的问题.结合蓬莱市城市旅游交通规划的实践,提出了适应低碳交通发展的规划策略框架,探索一条适应低碳经济时代的旅游交通发展的新道路,为低碳交通的构建提供实践经验.%With the development of the tourism industry in many cities .urban traffic problems became serious. The construction of transport facilities often conflict with the protection of tourism resources. City tourism traffic to achieve low-carbon development will be key to the healthy development of urban tourism. How to guide urban green tourism traffic to face the change in traffic is the problem that tourism transportation planning must be addressed. This paper proposes a low-carbon transport strategy to explore a new development of tourist transport in low-carbon economy taking Penglai city as an example . It provides experience for the construction of low-carbon transportation.

  4. City model enrichment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smart, Philip D.; Quinn, Jonathan A.; Jones, Christopher B.

    The combination of mobile communication technology with location and orientation aware digital cameras has introduced increasing interest in the exploitation of 3D city models for applications such as augmented reality and automated image captioning. The effectiveness of such applications is, at present, severely limited by the often poor quality of semantic annotation of the 3D models. In this paper, we show how freely available sources of georeferenced Web 2.0 information can be used for automated enrichment of 3D city models. Point referenced names of prominent buildings and landmarks mined from Wikipedia articles and from the OpenStreetMaps digital map and Geonames gazetteer have been matched to the 2D ground plan geometry of a 3D city model. In order to address the ambiguities that arise in the associations between these sources and the city model, we present procedures to merge potentially related buildings and implement fuzzy matching between reference points and building polygons. An experimental evaluation demonstrates the effectiveness of the presented methods.

  5. Planning of Communities Gardens in Morden Cities%浅谈现代城市居住区园林规划设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亚; 王钟; 芮红; 方伟讯

    2011-01-01

    园林规划设计是根据经济条件和艺术法则的指导,将待建园林的目的实现于图纸的创作过程。现就工作中所取得的经验进行综述,包括园林规划设计的原则、园林景观的功能以及园林建设中的不足,为居住区园林规划设计提供理论基础。%Gardens planning is a creative process of changing gardens into chart according to guidance of econo my condition and art rule. The regularity, function and disadvantage of gardens planning were reviewed to pro vide the theoretical basis for communities gardens planning.

  6. Should cities hosting mass gatherings invest in public health surveillance and planning? Reflections from a decade of mass gatherings in Sydney, Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muscatello David

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Mass gatherings have been defined by the World Health Organisation as "events attended by a sufficient number of people to strain the planning and response resources of a community, state or nation". This paper explores the public health response to mass gatherings in Sydney, the factors that influenced the extent of deployment of resources and the utility of planning for mass gatherings as a preparedness exercise for other health emergencies. Discussion Not all mass gatherings of people require enhanced surveillance and additional response. The main drivers of extensive public health planning for mass gatherings reflect geographical spread, number of international visitors, event duration and political and religious considerations. In these instances, the implementation of a formal risk assessment prior to the event with ongoing daily review is important in identifying public health hazards. Developing and utilising event-specific surveillance to provide early-warning systems that address the specific risks identified through the risk assessment process are essential. The extent to which additional resources are required will vary and depend on the current level of surveillance infrastructure. Planning the public health response is the third step in preparing for mass gatherings. If the existing public health workforce has been regularly trained in emergency response procedures then far less effort and resources will be needed to prepare for each mass gathering event. The use of formal emergency management structures and co-location of surveillance and planning operational teams during events facilitates timely communication and action. Summary One-off mass gathering events can provide a catalyst for innovation and engagement and result in opportunities for ongoing public health planning, training and surveillance enhancements that outlasted each event.

  7. The Planning Strategy of Livable City and the Construction of Better Homeland%宜居城市、美好家园建设的规划策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王卅

    2013-01-01

    Green homeland and environmental livable city are important factors in the living environment. Develop the urban environment from public facilities, building layout, forest gre-en, industrial layout, culture and other aspects is the common development direction of building livable urban. This article c-ombines with the development goals of livable city, elaborates the development ideas and planning strategies of building liva-ble urban.%  绿色家园、环保宜居城市,是体现城市居住环境的重要因素。从公共设施、建筑布局、森林绿化、产业布局、文化氛围等各方面发展城市环境,是建设宜居城市的普遍发展方向。本文就结合宜居城市发展目标,阐述了建设宜居城市的发展思路和规划策略。

  8. Explore the Construction Planning of Demonstration Village--Take the Gounan Village of Shantou City as an Example%示范性名村规划建设研究--以汕头市沟南村为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖广华

    2014-01-01

    Create the demonstration and famous vil age is the concrete action to carry forward the livable urban and rural co-nstruction and improve the level of the new rural construction, which is also the important measure to enrich people and deve-lop city and has great significance to enhance the urban and ru-ral construction level and promote the regional coordinated de-velopment between urban and rural areas. This article takes the construction planning of Gounan vil age Jinping district in Sh-antou city as the example to discuss.%打造名镇名村示范村,是推进宜居城乡建设、提高新农村建设水平的具体行动,是富民强市的重要举措,对提升城乡建设水平、促进城乡区域协调发展具有重大意义。文章以汕头市金平区沟南村的建设规划为实例,对其进行了探讨。

  9. 基于可持续发展的节约型城市规划设计%The Economical City Planning and Design on the Basis of Sustainable Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王先成

    2014-01-01

    As for Chinese resource shortage phenomenon, building conservation minded cities are Chinese current ine-vitable trends, which are important ways of promoting the implementation of sustainable development goals. From the perspective of sustainable development, this article discusses the planning and design of urban energy-saving ideas and strategies.%对于我国资源紧缺的现象,建设节约型城市是我国当前的必然趋势,是贯彻落实可持续发展目标的重要途径。本文从可持续发展的角度出发,探讨了规划设计节约型城市的思路和策略。

  10. Landscape Garden City Oriented Wenzhou Green System Planning%“山水园林城市”导向下的温州城市绿地系统规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖平平

    2014-01-01

    随着我国城镇化的进一步深入,城市建设过程中的生态环境恶劣、城市“千城一面”的问题层出不穷,人们开始关注城市绿地系统在城市生态系统中的重要作用。自“山水园林城市”战略目标实施以来,温州的城市建设取得了卓越成效,但同时也面临着生态环境压力大、城市景观单调等问题。结合“山水园林城市”战略,温州将绿化工程摆在了城市工作的首要位置,在充分调研绿地现状的基础上,重构城市绿地系统结构,合理规划城市绿地,充分发挥城市绿地在改善城市生态环境、塑造城市景观方面的巨大作用,打造山水园林城市。%Green system planning is receiving more and more attention as urban ecology and cityscape problems emerge in fast urbanization. Since landscape garden city development, Wenzhou urban development has made distinctive performance but stil has multiple problems. Wenzhou puts landscaping at the foremost mission, analyzes current status, restructures green system, makes green space planning, and improves ecology and cityscape for landscape garden city development.

  11. 生态学视角下健康城市规划理论框架的构建%The Theoretical Framework Of Healthy City Planning From Ecological Viewpoint

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张天尧

    2015-01-01

    伴随着快速城镇化和城市现代化,环境污染、气候变化等问题引发了新公共卫生问题,重构城市规划与公共卫生之间的合作关系对解决这些问题具有重要意义。在国际范围内,健康城市运动的发展为健康城市规划提供了行动框架和原则,但健康城市规划缺乏扎实的理论依据。城市系统的复杂性是构建健康城市规划理论框架的主要挑战,在复杂性科学背景下,研究基于生态学视角,将弹性概念和社会生态学理论引入健康城市规划理论框架的构建中,以期为健康城市规划的制定与实施提供一定的理论基础。%Fast urbanization and modernization cause environmental polution and climate change, and public sanitation and urban planning shal be coordinated to solve the problems. Global healthy city movement has raised action framework, yet the theoretical framework needs to be consolidated. From ecological viewpoint, the paper introduces lfexibility concept and social ecology theories, establishes a primary framework in response to the complexity of cities, and provides theoretical foundation for the implementation of healthy urban planning.

  12. Managing Air in Olympic Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qing W. Tian

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The 21st century Olympic Agenda aims to align itself with the concept of sustainable development and has driven improved environmental quality in host cities, such as the Green Games in Sydney 2000 and the planned Beijing 2008 Games and in London 2012 as the Low Carbon Games. Air quality has long been a concern of Olympic mega-cities, although the air quality plans and strategies have often seemed short-lived and unsustainable in the long term. We have explored air quality data and air pollution control from seven Olympic cities: Mexico City, Los Angeles, Atlanta, Sydney and Athens and also Beijing and London which will host Olympic Games in near future. The study shows that despite a high altitude and air pollution problems, Mexico City had no clear environmental policy in place for the 1968 games. The characteristic smog of Los Angeles raised concerns about athletic performance at the Olympic Games of 1984, but there were limited efforts to tackle the ozone concentration during these games. The 1996 Atlanta Games represents a case where temporary public transport changes were used as a tactic to reduce air pollution. In Sydney a well planned sustainable strategy reduced air pollutants and CO2 emissions in 2000, but Athens' long efforts to improve air quality for the 2004 games were not wholly effective. Even where strategies proved successful the improvements in air quality seem short-lived. Current host cities Beijing and London are developing emission reduction plans. These have clear air quality objectives and are well intentioned. However, the improvements may be too narrow and may not be sustainable in the long term. Our analysis looks at the origins of success and failure and how more coherent improvements might be achieved and what would promote sustainable plans for air quality management at future games. The study illustrates the feedback between air pollution science and policy awareness.

  13. Fun City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Once the blues guitarist B.B. King sang that when he "didn't wanna live no more", he would go shopping instead. Now, however, shopping has become a lifestyle... The city of today has become "Disneyfied" and "Tivolized". It has become a scene for events. The aim of the book is to encircle and pin ...

  14. City Geology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markle, Sandra

    1989-01-01

    This article provides information on the evolution of the building material, concrete, and suggests hands-on activities that allow students to experience concrete's qualities, test the heat absorbency of various ground surface materials, discover how an area's geology changes, and search for city fossils. A reproducible activity sheet is included.…

  15. The Power of Micro Urban Structures, Theory of EEPGC - the Micro Urban Energy Distribution Model as a Planning Tool for Sustainable City Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tkáč, Štefan

    2015-11-01

    To achieve the smart growth and equitable development in the region, urban planners should consider also lateral energies represented by the energy urban models like further proposed EEPGC focused on energy distribution via connections among micro-urban structures, their onsite renewable resources and the perception of micro-urban structures as decentralized energy carriers based on pre industrialized era. These structures are still variously bound when part of greater patterns. After the industrial revolution the main traded goods became energy in its various forms. The EEPGC is focused on sustainable energy transportation distances between the villages and the city, described by the virtual "energy circles". This more human scale urbanization, boost the economy in micro-urban areas, rising along with clean energy available in situ that surely gives a different perspective to human quality of life in contrast to overcrowded multicultural mega-urban structures facing generations of problems and struggling to survive as a whole.

  16. Visions of the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinder, David

    Visions of the City is a dramatic account of utopian urbanism in the twentieth century. It explores radical demands for new spaces and ways of living, and considers their effects on planning, architecture and struggles to shape urban landscapes. Such visions, it shows, have played a crucial role in...... to transform urban space and everyday life. He addresses in particular Constant's vision of New Babylon, finding within his proposals for future spaces produced through nomadic life, creativity and play a still powerful challenge to imagine cities otherwise. The book not only recovers vital moments...... from past hopes and dreams of modern urbanism. It also contests current claims about the 'end of utopia', arguing that reconsidering earlier projects can play a critical role in developing utopian perspectives today. Through the study of utopian visions, it aims to rekindle elements of utopianism...

  17. Investigation of educational intervention based on Theory of Planned Behavior on breakfast consumption among middle school students of Qom City in 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Gharlipour, Zabihollah; Ghaffari, Mohtasham; Hoseini, Zahra; Heidarabadi, Akbar Babaei; Tavassoli, Elahe; Hozuri, Mohammad; Jang, Shahram Arsang; Reisi, Mahnoush; Sahraiyan, Maryam

    2015-01-01

    Background: Eating breakfast is crucial for adolescents to be healthy. It also improves students’ capacity of learning and doing school homework. Although healthy habits such as eating breakfast, weight control, and regular sleep increase the lifespan in adults, the effects of healthy habits on school-age children have not been studied much. The present study aimed at investigating the impact of an educational program based on Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) on eating breakfast among middle ...

  18. Wisdom of an Ancient City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GE JIANXIONG

    2010-01-01

    @@ The famous painting,Along the River During Qingming Festival,impresses visitors at the China Pavilion not iust because of the animated figures in the electronic version of the painting but because it shows a prosperous view of Kaifeng,capital of the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127).It also showcases the wisdom of city planning in ancient China.

  19. Spatial distribution of traffic induced noise exposures in a US city: an analytic tool for assessing the health impacts of urban planning decisions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rivard Tom

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background: Vehicle traffic is the major source of noise in urban environments, which in turn has multiple impacts on health. In this paper we investigate the spatial distribution of community noise exposures and annoyance. Traffic data from the City of San Francisco were used to model noise exposure by neighborhood and road type. Remote sensing data were used in the model to estimate neighborhood-specific percentages of cars, trucks, and buses on arterial versus non-arterial streets. The model was validated on 235 streets. Finally, an exposure-response relationship was used to predict the prevalence of high annoyance for different neighborhoods. Results: Urban noise was found to increase 6.7 dB (p Conclusion: The risk of annoyance from urban noise is large, and varies considerably between neighborhoods. Such risk should be considered in urban areas undergoing rapid growth. We present a relatively simple GIS-based noise model that may be used for routinely evaluating the health impacts of environmental noise.

  20. Carbon and air pollutants constrained energy planning for clean power generation with a robust optimization model—A case study of Jining City, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Multistage inexact stochastic robust model for energy system management. • Electric power structure adjustment and emission reduction target are considered. • Power generation schemes, exported electricity, and captured CO2 were analyzed. • Uncertainties were reflected as discrete intervals and probability distributions. - Abstract: In this study, a multistage inexact stochastic robust model was developed for regional energy system management in Jining City, China. Three scenarios about the electric power structure adjustment, clean power generation, and the emission reduction target are designed. Methods of interval parameter programming (IPP), stochastic robust optimization (SRO), and multistage stochastic programming (MSP) were incorporated into the developed model to tackle uncertainties described by interval values and probability distributions. The results indicated that the model can provide an effective linkage between conflicting economic cost and the system stability, and different power demand levels correspond to different electricity generation schemes with varied system cost and system-failure risk. The net system cost, power generation schemes, exported electricity, and captured CO2 amount were analyzed. The results indicated that the power generation by traditional technology would be decreased with the improvement of regional energy structure adjustment and environmental protection request. The modeling results are valuable for supporting the adjustment or justification of the existing power generation schemes within a complicated energy system under uncertainty

  1. Using Community-Based Participatory Research to Identify Environmental Justice Issues in an Inner-City Community and Inform Urban Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansyur, Carol Leler; Jeng, Hueiwang Anna; Holloman, Erica; DeBrew, Linwood

    2016-01-01

    The Southeast CARE Coalition has been using community-based participatory research to examine environmental degradation in the Southeast Community, Newport News, Virginia. A survey was developed to collect assessment data. Up to 66% of respondents were concerned about environmental problems in their community. Those with health conditions were significantly more likely to identify specific environmental problems. The top 5 environmental concerns included coal dust, air quality, crime, water quality, and trash. The community-based participatory research process is building community capacity and participation, providing community input into strategic planning, and empowering community members to take control of environmental justice issues in their community. PMID:27214672

  2. 城市空间特色的提炼与规划--以常州为例%The Refining and Planning about Characteristics of Urban Space:A Case Study of Changzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季松; 李亮

    2014-01-01

    With the further development of social economy, characteristics of urban space has become the key point of restructuring and development. How to form the characteristics for urban space is a big challenge for Changzhou city. To deal with this problem, we follow the basic cognitive rules of space characteristics and uphold the concept of public participation. Firstly, we comb and assess every resources of Changzhou city. Secondly, we reifne the slogan of spatial characteristics and determine the characteristic area. Thirdly, we define the general structure and the requirements of control and guide. Finally, we work out some effective methods and achievements which can be referenced by other planning of spatial characteristics.%随着社会经济的进一步发展,城市的空间特色逐渐成为城市下一阶段转型发展所关注的重点,如何构筑彰显空间特色的系统是常州城市面临的巨大挑战。规划遵循空间特色认知的基本规律,以公众参与为基础,科学梳理、评估常州的各项资源,提炼空间特色口号,明确并划分城市特色区,并继而提出空间特色的总体结构和相关系统性控导要求。从而在技术方法及成果内容等方面对城市空间特色规划进行了有益的探索。

  3. 浅析杭州市江海湿地概念规划设计%Conceptual Planning and Design of Jianghai Wetland Park in Hangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫铠

    2014-01-01

    Jianghai Wetland Park is the core ecosystem in the new town of Dajiangdong in Xiaoshan District and in Hangzhou eastern ecological belt, and its conceptual planning has integrated ecosystems rehabilitation and protection into the framework of urban planning, industrial deployment and economic development. According to local ecological characteristics, hydrology and environment factors, wildlife and other natural sources, it is planned to divide the site into 3 regions respectively with high, medium and low ecological sensitivity, and 5 different types of wetlands were designed including freshwater marsh, swamp and salt marsh based on wetland hydrological requirements. It is supposed to harmonize the relations between protection and recreational tourism, research and education, and industrial development in surrounding areas, which will provide an important basis for future designs of wetland and ecological landscapes.%江海湿地公园作为萧山区大江东新城地区和杭州东部生态带的核心生态系统,其概念规划方案将生态系统的修复和保护融入城市规划、产业布局和经济发展模式之中。根据当地的生态结构特点、水文和环境要素、野生动植物种群等自然资源,划分高、中、低三类不同生态敏感层次的生态保护区,并结合不同的水文特征设计了5种类型的淡水湿地和盐碱湿地。从整体上协调了湿地生态保护区域与休闲观光、科研教育以及周边产业发展之间的关系,为今后湿地和生态景观设计起到重要的借鉴作用。

  4. Tourism and City. Reflections about Tourist Dimension of Smart City

    OpenAIRE

    Rosa Anna La Rocca

    2013-01-01

    The city of the future seems to be necessarily “intelligent” both in its physical and in functional features.This paper starts from the consideration that the diffusion of new communication technologies (ICTs) is significantly changing the urban supply system of tourist services giving rise to new ways of enjoying the city.As tourism can be assumed as an urban activity, by a town planning point of view, the study of tourism is meaningful to identify development trajectories of the present cit...

  5. City of Zagreb Spatial Data Infrastructure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darko Šiško

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Through the establishment of the Coordination Group for the City of Zagreb Spatial Management IT System, the City of Zagreb has become actively involved in the wider global community by setting up the Zagreb Spatial Data Infrastructure (ZSDI service. In the City of Zagreb, many bodies of city administration use and create spatial data and services daily in their work. All are ZSDI users and obviously have to make data mutually available. Without spatial data and services, it would be impossible to manage space effectively, plan city development, monitor the situation on the ground, or carry out many other activities. This paper gives an overview of ZSDI set-up activities so far, as well as plans for the future. 

  6. Urban green areas as the starting point for planning hydroelectric and urban developments: The case of the Sava River in the City of Ljubljana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleš Mlakar

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the landscape and urbanistic layout of the Sava River space and North part of the Bežigrad stretch of Ljubljana. Focus is on methodological and content starting points for the layout preparation and development of urban green areas of the wider Sava River space, which as a connecting link and simultaneously independent spatial and functional entity represents the starting point for planning hydro-energetic and urban arrangements. The necessity of recognising and resolving real spatial planning issues, formulation of clear goals and concepts, confrontation of different spatial systems and interests, as well as the sensibility of devising alternative development scenarios are emphasised. One of the most important starting points of the proposed layout is comprehensive design of public open spaces and green areas. The urbanistic solution relies on a programmatically strong, distinct and structured Dunajska Street, which should transform into the public space of a modern urban artery, with a clear ending that simultaneously gradually adapts to the morphology akin to the surroundings and Sava River space. Because of its natural characteristics, preserved cultural landscape and good accessibility, this area has great potential for development of leisure activities. The proposed solution stems from the fact that the chain of hydro-electric plants shouldn't be seen as buildings with negative environmental effects, but also as development opportunities – the actual execution of a recreation area along the Sava River and a method for rehabilitating the degraded spaces. Comprehensive solutions along the river have been proposed as parts of the hydro-electric developments, with special attention focusing on active design of various riverbank types.

  7. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ciger, Jan

    2006-01-01

    of providing a tangible correspondence between the two spaces. This interaction mean has proved to suit the artistic expression well but it also aims at providing anyone with a pleasant and stimulating feedback from speech activity, a new medium for creativity and a way to visually perceive a vocal...... performance. As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective now is to cross the bridge between art and the potential applications to the rehabilitation of people with reduced mobility or for the treatment of language impairments....

  8. City Environment Art and Sustainable Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ding Liwei

    2007-01-01

    The development of everthing follows its own law, which does not change at people's own sweet will. Therefore, we must study the development of things so as to grasp the essence of things in their deep meanings, explore the direction of their development, and make them better serve the people. As a part of the thought of sustainable development, city environment art will be of active significance to the perfection of the thought and will also be the concrete embodiment of the synthetic index of economic development. Such a thesis, starting from the macroscopic angle, and relying on the leading thought of sustainable development, takes hold of the development trend of city environment art, and explores the various problems that have arisen in city environment in the process of city management by combining thoughts on city planning, so as to guide urban harmonious development theoretically. The present paper expounds on the views comprehensively and, through the synthetic analysis on city planning, city environment, art esthetics and the thought of sustainable development, makes a detailed analysis of the effects of the present rapid city development on city environment.

  9. Effective Implementation of Urban Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xun-guo

    2002-01-01

    We analyze the factors that affect the efficiency and function of city planning in practical implementation,especially those of detailed planning. Two key principles and three strategies for plan to reach effective implementation are discussed so that the inflexibility and non- effectiveness of plans can be lessened.

  10. Simulating the Impact of Compact City Policy on Two Korean Cities: Daejeon and Hwaseong

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Donghan; Han, Haejin

    2015-01-01

    The notion of compact city has become an important planning agenda to achieve a sustainable urban future. Although there is no universally accepted definition of a compact city, in terms of land use, the concept generally focuses on high-density and mixed-use development along with the promotion of public transport. It is then generally agreed that such urban development practices would yield various economic, environmental, and social benefits. To understand the impact of the compact city be...

  11. Topography Restoration of Historic City Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    ho, L. Sung; soo, H. Dong

    2015-08-01

    The preservation of historic cities requires a balance between conservation and development because the urban structures of the old and new city are interwoven on same space. Existing restoration plans rely on old records and excavation reports and are based on the present topography. However, historic cities have undergone significant natural and anthropogenic topographic changes such as alluvial sediment accumulation and uneven terrain construction. Therefore, considering only the present topography is misleading. Thus, to understand a historic city's structure more appropriately, it is necessary to comprehend the ancient geographic environment. This study provides an analysis and GIS visualization of the ancient topography of a historic city, Sabi capital city of the Baekje Dynasty, which collapsed 1,500 years ago.

  12. Branding Cities, Changing Societies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ooi, Can-Seng

    Societal changes are seldom discussed in the literature on city branding. The time element is important because it highlights the fluctuating reality of society. The city brand message freezes the place but in fact, the city branding exercise is a continuous process. Society emerges too. City...... brands are supposed to accentuate the uniqueness of the city, be built from the bottom-up and reflect the city's identity. This paper highlights three paradoxes, pointing out that city branding processes can also make cities more alike, bring about societal changes and forge new city identities. A city...... branding campaign does not just present the city, it may change the city. The relationships between the branding exercise and the city are intertwined in the evolution of the place....

  13. Lines of sociological analysis of times policies in the city

    OpenAIRE

    Carmen Belloni

    1996-01-01

    1. Innovative elements 1.1. The city Interest in the city as a subject of study: the city is defined as an administrative and government unit, a morphological unit, a unit of identification. Definition of the city as a social entity: the city not only as an administrative and/or planning unit, but also as the result of the needs and behaviours of inhabitants and of city users. Analytical definition of the population: the citizens not as an undifferentiated unit, but as a plurality of actor...

  14. Lines of sociological analysis of times policies in the city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Belloni

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available 1. Innovative elements 1.1. The city Interest in the city as a subject of study: the city is defined as an administrative and government unit, a morphological unit, a unit of identification. Definition of the city as a social entity: the city not only as an administrative and/or planning unit, but also as the result of the needs and behaviours of inhabitants and of city users. Analytical definition of the population: the citizens not as an undifferentiated unit, but as a plurality of actor...

  15. Learning Cities as Healthy Green Cities: Building Sustainable Opportunity Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearns, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses a new generation of learning cities we have called EcCoWell cities (Economy, Community, Well-being). The paper was prepared for the PASCAL International Exchanges (PIE) and is based on international experiences with PIE and developments in some cities. The paper argues for more holistic and integrated development so that…

  16. 生态规划在资源型城市转型实践中的作用——以抚顺市为例%Role of Ecological Planning in the Transformation of Resource-Based Cities——Taking Fushun City as Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐珂

    2012-01-01

    With so many resource-based cities are coming into the crisis of sustainable development, how to make the resource-based cities transform successfully becomes an important topics in Chinese cities' development. In order to study the role the ecological planning plays in the transformation of resource-based cities, this article makes an example of a typical resource-based city, Fushun. By analyzing the contents of the urban ecological planning and the planning measures in recent years, a conclusion is drawn that the urban ecological planning is an effective way in promoting the urban transformation. And this conclusion has a broad significance.%目前我国一些资源型城市由于长期开采,资源已近枯竭,即将陷入可持续发展危机,如何实现资源型城市转型成为我国城市发展中十分重要的课题.为了研究生态规划对于资源型城市转型的推动作用,本文以典型资源型城市抚顺市为例,通过分析其城市生态规划的内容及近年的规划举措,得出了城市生态规划是推进城市转型的有效途径这一结论,并分析了该结论的广泛意义.

  17. Lynch, Urry and city marketing: Taking advantage of the city as a built and graphic image

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hospers, G-J.

    2009-01-01

    City marketing is usually addressed from the perspective of marketing theory. This article follows an alternative approach by exploring city marketing from the viewpoint of urban planning and the sociology of tourism. In his classic ‘The Image of the City’ (1960), planner Kevin Lynch found that peop

  18. 77 FR 22523 - Safety Zone; 2012 Ocean City Air Show; Atlantic Ocean, Ocean City, MD

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-16

    ... Federal Register (73 FR 3316). ] Public Meeting We do not now plan to hold a public meeting. But you may... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; 2012 Ocean City Air Show; Atlantic Ocean, Ocean City, MD AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking. SUMMARY: The Coast...

  19. ICT Road map for supporting energy systems in smart cities

    OpenAIRE

    Sepponen, Mari; Fiès, Bruno; García Castro, Raul

    2014-01-01

    This paper introduces a road map for ICTs (Information and communication technologies) supporting planning, operation and management of energy systems in smart cities. The road map summarises different elements that form energy systems in cities and proposes research and technical development (RTD) and innovation activities for the development and innovation of ICTs for holistic design, planning and operation of energy systems. In addition, synergies with other ICT systems for smart cities ar...

  20. Place of Convergence, Capital of Myth, and City Chasing Sea:A Study on Urban Identity of Lianyungang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    As one of the series of studies on the City Master Plan of Lianyungang (2008-2030), the study on the urban identity of Lianyungang City summarizes the context and the theories of urban identity, analyzes the basic components, influential factors, and current situations of urban identity of Lianyungang, clarifies the objectives of shaping the urban identity of the city, and puts forward a series of elements that are important for strengthening the urban identity of the city, such as city brands, city events, and perception spaces, etc. This paper is a synthesis of this study.

  1. 基于全球城市建设目标的上海滨海地带规划研究%Study on the Planning of Shanghai Coastal Zone Based on the Target of Constructing of Global City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾刚; 曹贤忠; 马双

    2015-01-01

    Based on the target of building Shanghai into a global city with the ability of allocation of global resources and strong international competitiveness and inlfuence, this paper systematically sorts out the problem of development of Shanghai coastal zone:the serious pollution of coastal waters, the low degree of land utilization, the weak industrial connections with Jiangsu and Zhejiang and the low quality of coastal residents’ life. Thereafter, this paper analyses the reasons:the stage of industrialization, the lack of interest-coordination mechanism, the serious hysteretic infrastructure construction and the high risk of natural disasters. To achieve the target of constructing global city, we suggest that the Shanghai coastal zone should be planned to build into a coastal urban system with the Lingang-Haiwan city union as the center. And, a new marine industry pattern of the Yangtze River Delta should be formed with the background high-end services of Shanghai international shipping center as the“core”, the bulk cargo logistics of Zhejiang and sea salt chemical industry of Jiangsu as the“wings”. Furthermore, we suggest that the Yangshan Port should be achieved more focuses and become the core of the great Shanghai port system, the start-up of the Hengsha Port construction plan should be delayed, the security system based on the rail transportation and wetland carbon base should be built.%从全球城市发展要求来看,上海滨海地带目前存在着近海水域污染严重、土地开发利用程度低、海岸带开发建设综合效益低、滨海区域产业发展与江浙联系不强、海洋产业能级不高等问题,这与上海所处的工业化阶段、利益协调机制的缺失、滨海地带基础设施建设严重滞后、自然灾害风险高等原因直接相关。为此,上海滨海地带应规划以临港新城、海湾新城为中心的滨海城镇体系,构建以上海国际航运“后台”高端服务为核心、浙

  2. 以人为本、凸显亲民的现代行政中心景观规划设计--以湘乡市行政中心景观规划设计为例%People Oriented Landscape Planning and Design of Modern Administrative Center--Taking the Landscape Planning and Design of Administrative Center of Xiangxiang City as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄贵良

    2014-01-01

    如何营造出具有地域文化特色、生态型的行政中心景观,满足时代对行政中心开放、亲民、高效、廉洁的环境要求,是本文阐述的重点。文章结合湘乡市行政中心景观规划设计,力求在理论上较系统地对其进行阐述。%How to create the landscape of an administrative center with characteristics of regional culture and ecological protection to meet the required open, people first, efficient, clean environment is the focus of this article. Combining with the landscape planning and design of the administrative center in Xiangxiang city, the author strived to expound it in theory systematical y.

  3. Thinking on Core Factors for Planning and Construction of the 'Smart City'%关于“智慧城市”规划与建设核心因素的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋力群

    2013-01-01

      建设智慧城市已被许多城市视为城市发展新动力,智慧城市的规划与建设问题的研究具有十分重要的意义。通过阐述智慧城市产生的原因和动力、智慧城市建设的本质和发展趋势,分析世界范围智慧城市的关键点及上海智慧城市建设的着力点,提出智慧城市规划与建设的工作指导原则。%The paper tries to understand origin of the “smart city”, and nature and trend of the city development. It also analyzes the focus of construction of the“smart city”. For the objectives and tasks of construction of the“smart city”in Shanghai, the paper proposes seven guiding principles its planning and construction.

  4. Pittsburgh City Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Pittsburgh City FacilitiesIncludes: City Administrative Buildings, Police Stations, Fire Stations, EMS Stations, DPW Sites, Senior Centers, Recreation Centers,...

  5. Microsensing networks for sustainable cities

    CERN Document Server

    Lambrechts, Johannes

    2016-01-01

    This book explores the microsensing technologies and systems now available to monitor the quality of air and water within the urban environment and examines their role in the creation of sustainable cities against the background of the challenges posed by rapid urbanization. The opening section addresses the theoretical and conceptual background of microsensing networks. The coverage includes detailed description of microsensors, supported by design-specific equations, and clear explanation of the ways in which devices that harvest energy from ambient sources can detect and quantify pollution. The practical application of such systems in addressing environmental impacts within cities and in sustainable urban planning is then discussed with the aid of case studies in developing countries. The book will be of interest to all who wish to understand the benefits of microsensing networks in promoting sustainable cities through better delivery of information on health hazards and improved provision of data to envir...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages - City Limit (polygon)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Data available online through GeoStor at http://www.geostor.arkansas.gov. Arkansas Cities: This data set contains all of the city limit boundaries within the state...

  7. Sister Cities Flourish

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Building sister city relation,also known as friendsh ip city,is a common channel for cities in different countries to keep a closer tie and communication.According to the statistics from China International Friendship Cities Association,up to the end of 2007,1087 provinces and states and 314 cities from 120 countries in the world have found their sister cities in China.Among them,Japan has the largest amount of Chinese sister cities,that is 200 provinces and 33 cities,and takes up almost 17 percent of the total number.

  8. City positioning theories and city core competencies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xinquan; Zhu

    2007-01-01

    Gity positioning The Chinese city in a decision develops the topic of the destiny. Since the 90's of 20 centuries, the economic integral and globalization developed rapidly. The development make national boundary become not so important, the function of the city is increasingly outstanding. In other words, national competition ability is morally now on the city competition ability. At the same time, this development result that the industry is divided internationally and is divided in cities. Therefore, under the condition of globalization, if the city wants the superior development, it must take advantages and avoid shortage, to position the city accurately, establish the competition and development the strategy. The city positioning is clearly defined the city competition ability, more important it indicated the direction of the city development. Trough the analysis of the resource and environment of the city, decide an accurate position of the best function of the city, well configure the inner and outside resource, catch the opportunities,face the challenges, maximized the market share in order to maximized the wealth and city competition ability.

  9. The Impact And Planning Reform Of “Internet+” To City Space%“互联网+”时代的城市空间影响及规划变革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈虹; 刘雨菡

    2016-01-01

    City space is the core of geography and urban planning disciplines. Urban space development experienced ideal space, functional space, human space, sustainable space accompanied with industrialization. The society has exhibited self-organized, lfat, multiple, and fragmented trends in “internet+” age. The paper relfects the impact of internet+ on city space, argues space organization wil develop in imbalance, functional zoning wil dim, land use wil be more mixed, and public space wil be critical nodes of urban space. Due to self organization, technical support for public participation, and big data supported space research, urban space wil be more humanitarian with uncertainty in the future.%城市空间一直是城市地理学和城市规划的核心要素之一。伴随着工业化的进程,城市空间经历了理想空间—功能空间—人文空间—可持续综合空间的发展,在“互联网+”时代,社会组织又呈现出自组织、扁平、多元和碎片化的趋势。文章在梳理城市空间发展历程的基础上,思考“互联网+”时代对城市空间造成的影响,认为城市空间的组织将会趋向非均衡发展,城市功能分区将进一步模糊化,土地利用更加兼容混合,公共空间将成为城市空间的关键节点;同时,由于自组织化的时代特征、更广泛的技术支持公众参与及大数据支持空间研究,未来的城市空间尽管有多种不确定性,但其构成将会具有更多的人文因素以及导向的确定性。

  10. Planning Practice and Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    practice co- evolve in adapting to the ever-increasing transformation of cities and urban regions? In this context, Planning Practice and Research (PPR) is seeking perspectives from the young academic community in planning. We propose to publish at least one special edition of PPR with a number of short......Urban planning has dramatically shifted when compared with its former logics and styles. Increasingly, the dynamics of large urban agglomerations spanning multiple boundaries put significant pressure on planning institutions to scale up. In this shifting context, how can both planning theory and...... papers from Young Academics. The contributions should address the question of how planning theory and practice can respond to the increasing complexity of cities and regions....

  11. Remedial action plan and site design for stabilization of the inactive uranium mill tailings site at Tuba City, Arizona: Phase 2, Construction, Subcontract documents: Appendix E, final report. [Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-08-01

    This appendix discusses Phase II construction and subcontract documents uranium mill site near Tuba City, Arizona. It contains the bid schedule, special conditions, specifications, and subcontract drawings.

  12. For a Safer City. A Friendlier City. And a More Beautiful City.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Busi

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The issue of the safety of mobility in the urban environment has been emerging as a primary social topic for some time now due to the number of casualties and, more generally, due to the impact on living conditions in the city. If correctly formulated, in fact, this subject has implications primarily and fundamentally with regard to the quality of urban life, as the citizen, and the vulnerable road user in particular, is severely restricted in their use of urban public paces. Consequently, an increasingly greater focus is being placed on acquiring methods, techniques and strategies for addressing the issue of planning, constructing and managing roads, squares and urban green spaces (and above all, applying the logic of reclaiming the historic and consolidated city in order that the city can be used to its full potential by the citizen. The subject itself therefore presents an opportunity to re-establish urban planning regulations (and, more generally, city regulations in accordance with the renewed interest in public spaces. The article discusses this matter and includes supporting elements and examples, also referring to the implications on the urban landscape.

  13. Archaeoastronomy and Calendar Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campion, Nicholas

    2016-02-01

    The use of astronomy for collective purposes, both religious and political, is apparent in the earliest astronomical records, from the evidence for Palaeolithic lunar calendars to megalithic monuments and Mesopotamian celestial-omen reports. This paper will consider the application of the heavens to the organisation of the ‘Cosmic State’, the human polity modelled on the assumption of a close relationship between society on the one hand and planetary and stellar patterns on the other. I will also examine the foundation of Baghdad within the tradition of celestial town planning and argue that the city may be seen as a ‘talisman’, designed to connect heaven to Earth and ensure peace, stability and political success by harmonising time and space.

  14. Challenging 'smart' in smart city strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandvik, Kjetil; Knudsen, Jacob

    Smart city strategies concern the improvement of economic and political efficiency and the enabling of social, cultural and urban development (Hollands 2008) and covers a variety of fields from improving infrastructures, social and cultural development, resilience strategies (e.g. green energy......), improving schools, social welfare institutions, public and private institutions etc. The 'smart' in smart city strategies implies that these efforts are accomplished by the introduction and embedding of smart media technology into the very fabric of society. This is often done in a top-down and technology......-centric way (from city branding initiatives to the digitization of the public sector). This presentation will challenge this approach to smart city strategies by proposing that instead of a 'technology first' approach, we need to introduce the smart citizen in the center of smart city strategic planning...

  15. Green cities, smart people and climate change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansouri Kouhestani, F.; Byrne, J. M.; Hazendonk, P.; Brown, M. B.; Harrison, T.

    2014-12-01

    Climate change will require substantial changes to urban environments. Cities are huge sources of greenhouse gases. Further, cities will suffer tremendously under climate change due to heat stresses, urban flooding, energy and water supply and demand changes, transportation problems, resource supply and demand and a host of other trials and tribulations. Cities that evolve most quickly and efficiently to deal with climate change will likely take advantage of the changes to create enjoyable, healthy and safer living spaces for families and communities. Technology will provide much of the capability to both mitigate and adapt our cities BUT education and coordination of citizen and community lifestyle likely offers equal opportunities to make our cities more sustainable and more enjoyable places to live. This work is the first phase of a major project evaluating urban mitigation and adaptation policies, programs and technologies. All options are considered, from changes in engineering, planning and management; and including a range of citizen and population-based lifestyle practices.

  16. Water changed the cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elle, Morten; Jensen, Marina Bergen

    An improvement in water infrastructure and cleaning up the waters changed many harbour cities in Denmark at the beginning of the 90s. The harbour cities changed from drity, run-down industrial harbours to clean and attractive harbour dwelling creating new city centres and vital city areas...

  17. A shared " passengers & goods " city logistics system

    OpenAIRE

    Trentini, Anna; Masson, Renaud; Lehuédé, Fabien; Malhéné, Nicolas; Péton, Olivier; Tlahig, Houda

    2012-01-01

    Many strategic planning models have been developed to help decision making in city logistics. Such models do not take into account, or very few, the flow of passengers because the considered unit does not have the same nature (a person is active and a good is passive). However, it seems fundamental to gather the goods and the passengers in one model when their respective transports interact with each other. In this context, we suggest assessing a shared passengers & goods city logistics syste...

  18. Urban Investigation and Planning of Landscape Trees in Lu~an City%六安市城市园林绿化树种调查与规划设想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹文亮; 陈甘明

    2012-01-01

    Through the Liuan built- up urban area afforestation tree' s investigation and the statistics, in the present situation the application tree total has 65 branches 135 genus 257 kinds, the local woody index is 0.91 ; the Liuan city afforestation tree plant principle had determined, and chose the Chinese sweet gum, the weeping willow, the southern magnolia and the sweet - scented osmanthus 4 kinds as the main key tree seed, chose fragrant the camphor tree and so on 20 kinds as back- bone tree seed , chose the Chinese pinus montana and so on 312 kinds as common tree seed. This research results will in- struct Liuan in period of time (2011 -2030 years) to afforest the tree from now on the directed breeding plan, and standard afforestation tree t application.%通过对六安市城市建成区绿化树种的调查和统计,现状中应用的树种共计有65科135属257种,本地木本植物指数为0.91;确定了六安市城市绿化树种规划的原则,并选择枫香、垂柳、广玉兰和桂花4种为基调树种,选择香樟等骨干树种20种,选择华山松等一般树种312种。该研究成果将指导六安市今后一段时间内(2011—2030年)绿化树种的定向培育计划,并规范绿化树种的应用。

  19. Dog Park Renovation Plan

    OpenAIRE

    Vidal Pellikka, Dario

    2012-01-01

    Green areas pay an important role in modern society. As cities expand rapidly, green areas become more important, desirable, and attractive for society. In order to offer an adequate environment, all sectors have to be considered in the planning; children, the handicapped, the elderly, and even pets. Dogs have natural instincts and necessities, and should be considered in an urban development as pets are part of society. Pikku-Palomäaki Dog Park, situated in Kouvola city, is lacking in ge...

  20. Toward a typology of sustainability for cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ken Doust

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Sustainability responses must accelerate to avoid major risks to cities. Climate change impact on cities, likely to be significant if global sustainability initiatives are not quickened, is a paramount example of the risk. World wide meetings of city planning practitioners and researchers agree that an urgent agenda is to work together to empower cities and their governments with funds, tools and mentoring to make the responses needed. In the spirit of this urgent agenda, this paper introduces some practical methods for assessing sustainability associated with transport and urban form in our cities. A concept of strategic scans of future scenarios, which underpins the backcasting approach, has been introduced at the 12 th World Conference on Transport Research (WCTR in 2010 and has broken urban and transport planning trend. These strategic scans are based on a sustainability framework, the elements of which provide evidence based drivers of sustainability. The framework culminates in metric visualisations for each of the three pillars of sustainability. The paper details some of the operational aspects of these metrics in the form of environmental sustainability-accessibility space, putting into practice measures of environmental stewardship, social equity, economic efficiency, and the relationship among them. The paper concludes with a call of developing a typology of sustainability performance using the strategic scan methodology to extend the principles of the methodology into a useful tool for city governments and contribute to assembling a daTablease of city forms, transport structures, and their sustainability performances.

  1. Influential Aspects of the Smart City

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marinovici, Maria C.; Kirkham, Harold; Widergren, Steven E.

    2016-01-05

    Using millions of sensors in everyday objects, smart cities will generate petabytes of data, and it will be delivered to multiple users via networks. Multi-disciplinary inter-operability is essential. We propose system engineering management, with multidisciplinary teams as an effective way to deliver real change. Their goal is to develop intelligent and integrated services through the use of digital technologies and open collaboration. We also caution that the process cannot be entirely planned ahead of time, it must be allowed to evolve. New technology will change the game (where does a 3-D printer fit into a smart city?). Municipal planning means central planning – not known for its sensitivity to reality. A successful smart city will include lots of feedback mechanisms for the citizenry.

  2. Sustainability and Competitiveness in Australian Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Hu

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This study injects sustainability into competitiveness to inform policy making and planning for contemporary urban development. This is built upon the recent advancement in the scholarship on urban competitiveness that demonstrates a clear deviation from an economic-centric approach to incorporate multiple dimensions of a city’s progress. This study has an explicit concern for environmental sustainability and its relationship with urban competitiveness and their conceptual and methodological articulations. Empirically, this study measures the sustainability and competitiveness in Australian cities and reveals that Australia’s urban progress is clearly associated with an environmental cost. The findings are useful to inform policy making and planning for building sustainable and competitive cities. Apart from the conventional solutions that focus on urban form change and transport infrastructure improvement, this study suggests a need to explore the opportunities deriving from the emerging smart city planning and practice.

  3. INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION OF SHENYANG CITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Ping-yu

    2003-01-01

    Industrial transformation represents a unique economic phenomenon in China's regional economy,and old industrial city reconstruction has long been a key problem that affects state security. As a typical old indus-trial city in China, Shenyang established its heavy industrial city position in the First Five-year Plan period (1953-1957), and this industrial structure has been consolidated for a long time. After 1978, Shenyang began its long last-ing industrial reconstruction in an all-round way by 3 main initiatives including restructuring economic system, up-grading traditional industrial technology and developing high-tech industry. In the end of the 1990s, it could be I-dentified that remarkable structural changes took place in city economy at large as well as individual industrial sec-tor. According to the GDP proportion change, Shenyang is on the way to a high level industrial structure. The sec-ondary industry also engendered significant shifting as smelting and textile industry declined sharply but IT industry increased largely. Although the ratio of the heavy industry to the light industry changed periodically, the heavy in-dustrial output value most time kept a high proportion over 60% of the gross industrial output value in the past five decades. Shenyang has favorable conditions for developing equipment manufacturing industry, but it should carry out the program by establishing its leading role in urban economy plan, building "Theme Industrial Parks", improv-ing Tiexi Industrial Zone, removing any kind of system barrier, enlarging private and other ownerships economy and improving technology, marketing and management by IT application. In response to economy globalization,Shenyang needs to expand the cooperation worldwide and improve the cohesion with surrounding cities.

  4. Water for cities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    eighth country to have joined the programme recently. In a relatively short span of time this programme has created a new demand-side focus in water management. By cutting down on wastes and containing excessive demand, several cities have clearly demonstrated how service coverage, especially to the urban poor, could be extended with modest additional investments. Catchment management strategies, introduced by the programme in the participating cities, are demonstrating practical application of integrated water resource management at the local level. The programme provides a unique platform to bring together diverse stakeholders from the urban, water and environment sectors and community groups into action-planning, monitoring and implementation of local environment management of water resources. Some of these community groups have, within a short time, become effective lobbies for bargaining with local authorities with a diversity of issues such as local environmental management, protecting their livelihoods, promoting investment etc. The regional activities of the programme are extending its outreach and benefits to other cities in the continent through sharing of information and experience on good practices and through policy dialogues and research. Recently, the programme has launched a major water education initiative in African cities and a comprehensive capacity building programme is currently under way

  5. Cities and Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Andrew K. Rose

    2005-01-01

    If one ranks cities by population, the rank of a city is inversely related to its size, a well-documented phenomenon known as Zipf's Law. Further, the growth rate of a city's population is uncorrelated with its size, another well-known characteristic known as Gibrat's Law. In this paper, I show that both characteristics are true of countries as well as cities; the size distributions of cities and countries are similar. But theories that explain the size-distribution of cities do not obviously...

  6. Study of City Landscape Heritage Using Lidar Data and 3d-City Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubinowicz, P.; Czynska, K.

    2015-04-01

    In contemporary town planning protection of urban landscape is a significant issue. It regards especially those cities, where urban structures are the result of ages of evolution and layering of historical development process. Specific panoramas and other strategic views with historic city dominants can be an important part of the cultural heritage and genius loci. Other hand, protection of such expositions introduces limitations for future based city development. Digital Earth observation techniques creates new possibilities for more accurate urban studies, monitoring of urbanization processes and measuring of city landscape parameters. The paper examines possibilities of application of Lidar data and digital 3D-city models for: a) evaluation of strategic city views, b) mapping landscape absorption limits, and c) determination protection zones, where the urbanization and buildings height should be limited. In reference to this goal, the paper introduces a method of computational analysis of the city landscape called Visual Protection Surface (VPS). The method allows to emulate a virtual surface above the city including protection of a selected strategic views. The surface defines maximum height of buildings in such a way, that no new facility can be seen in any of selected views. The research includes also analyses of the quality of simulations according the form and precision of the input data: airborne Lidar / DSM model and more advanced 3D-city models (incl. semantic of the geometry, like in CityGML format). The outcome can be a support for professional planning of tall building development. Application of VPS method have been prepared by a computer program developed by the authors (C++). Simulations were carried out on an example of the city of Dresden.

  7. Diagnosing Beijing 2020: Mapping the Ungovernable City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin Visser

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Beijing Municipality, characterised by the ‘off-ground’ architecture distinguishing neo-liberal privatisation, is attempting to mitigate the damaging effects of rampant development on the social fabric, cultural heritage, and the environment by adopting sustainable urban planning. I argue that the sustainability rhetoric in the Beijing Municipality 2020 Plans functions in part as strategic metaphors masking unnamed, imminent threats to governance. In this article I diagnose four Beijing plans (Beijing 2006-2015 ‘Rail Transit Plan’ for Compact City, Beijing 2005-2020 ‘Underground Space Plan’ for Alternative Space, Beijing 2006-2020 ‘Undeveloped Area Plan’ for Ecological Responsibility, and Beijing 2006-2010 ‘Low-income Housing Plan’ for Affordability and Liveability. A diagrammatics of the plans illuminates not so much a mapping of Beijing’s future as the forms of spontaneity preoccupying the nation at this historical juncture. The Beijing 2020 plan, as city mapping more generally, discloses the imminence of ungovernable city. The fact that citizens are demanding greater authority over Beijing governance suggests that radical alterations to its urban fabric and quality of life have incited the imminent sociability that is the city.

  8. Masdar City : A Model of Urban Environmental Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kapil Bajaj

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Masdar City is an archeology project in Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates. Its core is a planned city, which is being built by Masdar, a subsidiary of Mubadala Development Company, with the majority of seed capital provided by the government of Abu Dhabi. Designed by the British architectural firm Foster and Partners and engineering and environmental consultancy Mott MacDonald, the city will rely entirely on solar energy and other renewable energy sources, with a zero waste ecology. It initially aimed to be a sustainable zero-carbon car-free city. . This article is a case study about "Masdar City," a planned carbon-neutral town in Abu Dhabi. The article describes the key characteristics of Masdar City.

  9. City Car = The City Car / Andres Sevtshuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sevtshuk, Andres, 1981-

    2008-01-01

    Massachusettsi Tehnoloogiainstituudi (MIT) meedialaboratooriumi juures tegutseva Targa Linna Grupi (Smart City Group) ja General Motorsi koostööna sündinud kaheistmelisest linnasõbralikust elektriautost City Car. Nimetatud töögrupi liikmed (juht William J. Mitchell, töögruppi kuulus A. Sevtshuk Eestist)

  10. 解析新型城镇化背景下的镇中心区规划--以中山市板芙镇新中心区规划为例%Analysis on the Central Town Planning under the Background of New Urbanization--Taking New Central District Planning of Banfu Town, Zhongshan City as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱建武

    2014-01-01

    新型城镇化是以城乡统筹、城乡一体、产城互动、节约集约、生态宜居、和谐发展为基本特征的城镇化,是大中小城市、小城镇、新型农村社区协调发展、互促共进的城镇化。做好镇级中心区规划,将会对城乡一体化起到至关重要的作用。%New urbanization is the urbanization with essential features of urban-rural development balance, urban-rural inte-gration, production and city’s interaction, saving and intensive, ecological and livable and developing harmoniously. With it, cities, smal towns and new- type rural communities develop harmoniously and promote each others. It wil play a crucial role in urban and rural integration to complete the township central planning.

  11. Bright Lights, Big Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Overabundant lighting has become another pollution source in the Chinese cities The glow of electric lights illuminating the nights of ever-brighter cities has been regarded as one of the signs of prosperity and modern civilization.

  12. A Crowded City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Over 4 million vehicles on road challenge Beijing’s city management Beijing, the city once known as the kingdom of bicycles, has become clogged with automobiles, the Beijing Municipal Government Publicity Office said on December 18.

  13. Masdar City : A Model of Urban Environmental Sustainability

    OpenAIRE

    Kapil Bajaj

    2014-01-01

    Masdar City is an archeology project in Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates. Its core is a planned city, which is being built by Masdar, a subsidiary of Mubadala Development Company, with the majority of seed capital provided by the government of Abu Dhabi. Designed by the British architectural firm Foster and Partners and engineering and environmental consultancy Mott MacDonald, the city will rely entirely on solar energy and other renewable energy sources, with a zero waste ecology. It i...

  14. Complexity, cognition and the city

    CERN Document Server

    Portugali, Juval

    2011-01-01

    Complexity, Cognition and the City aims at a deeper understanding of urbanism, while invoking, on an equal footing, the contributions both the hard and soft sciences have made, and are still making, when grappling with the many issues and facets of regional planning and dynamics. In this work, the author goes beyond merely seeing the city as a self-organized, emerging pattern of some collective interaction between many stylized urban "agents" – he makes the crucial step of attributing cognition to his agents and thus raises, for the first time, the question on how to deal with a complex system composed of many interacting complex agents in clearly defined settings. Accordingly, the author eventually addresses issues of practical relevance for urban planners and decision makers. The book unfolds its message in a largely nontechnical manner, so as to provide a broad interdisciplinary readership with insights, ideas, and other stimuli to encourage further research – with the twofold aim of further pushing ba...

  15. Commuting in a polycentric city

    CERN Document Server

    Roth, Camille; Batty, Michael; Barthelemy, Marc

    2010-01-01

    The spatial arrangement of urban hubs and centers and how individuals interact with these centers is a crucial problem with many applications ranging from urban planning to epidemiology. We utilize here in an unprecedented manner the large scale, real-time 'Oyster' card database of individual person movements in the London subway to reveal the structure and organization of the city. We show that patterns of intraurban movement are strongly heterogeneous in terms of volume, but not in distance, and that there is a polycentric structure composed of simple flow patterns organized around a limited number of activity centers arranged in a hierarchical way. This new understanding can shed light on the impact of new urban projects on the evolution of the polycentric configuration of a city and provides an initial approach to modeling flows in an urban system.

  16. City evacuations an interdisciplinary approach

    CERN Document Server

    Binner, Jane; Branicki, Layla; Galla, Tobias; Jones, Nick; King, James; Kolokitha, Magdalini; Smyrnakis, Michalis

    2015-01-01

    Evacuating a city is a complex problem that involves issues of governance, preparedness education, warning, information sharing, population dynamics, resilience and recovery. As natural and anthropogenic threats to cities grow, it is an increasingly pressing problem for policy makers and practitioners.   The book is the result of a unique interdisciplinary collaboration between researchers in the physical and social sciences to consider how an interdisciplinary approach can help plan for large scale evacuations.  It draws on perspectives from physics, mathematics, organisation theory, economics, sociology and education.  Importantly it goes beyond disciplinary boundaries and considers how interdisciplinary methods are necessary to approach a complex problem involving human actors and increasingly complex communications and transportation infrastructures.   Using real world case studies and modelling the book considers new approaches to evacuation dynamics.  It addresses questions of complexity, not only ...

  17. Globalization and cities

    OpenAIRE

    Petrović Mina

    2004-01-01

    This paper deals with the basic concepts on cities within contemporary globalisation. First, it briefly reviews the city perspective within the world system theory (concepts of over-urbanisation, under-urbanisation, and dependent urbanisation), new international division of labour, theory of the second circuit of capital and informational society. The second part of the paper is dedicated to the concepts of global and world cities and their implications for the cities in developed and develop...

  18. Cities as Spatial Clusters

    OpenAIRE

    Ferdinand Rauch

    2013-01-01

    This paper shows that Zipf's Law for cities can emerge as a property of a clustering process. If initially uniformly distributed people chose their location based on a specific gravity equation as found in trade studies, they will form cities that follow Zipf's Law in expected value. This view of cities as spatial agglomerations is supported empirically by the observation that larger cities are surrounded by larger hinterland areas and larger countryside populations.

  19. Definition of Smart Energy City and State of the art of 6 Transform cities using Key Performance Indicators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Per Sieverts; Ben Amer, Sara; Halsnæs, Kirsten

    2013-01-01

    This report summarises the work undertaken under the EU-FP7 TRANSFORM project for Work Package 1 (part 1): Becoming a Smart Energy City, state of the Art and Ambition. Part 1 starts with a clear outline of each of the participating cities. The work describes the context in terms of climate, energy...... assets, ambitions, targets and main possibilities in terms of energy efficiency, flows and energy production. After this first step, the work focuses on the description of what a smart energy city is (this report), what the main Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) are that should be met and how...... will draw largely on existing Strategic Energy Action Plans, Climate Action Plans and planning documents. This report establishes a definition of smart cities develops Key Elements, Key Performance Indicators and reports on the state of the art regarding the KPIs for the 6 Transform cities. As specified...

  20. European Strategies for Smarter Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Barresi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available On a worldwide scale, cities and regions must tackle the challenges set by the radical change in our society and in our economy, aiming to develop effective public policies and boost their managerial, evaluation and planning skills. Anyway, it is essential to put a new idea of city at the centre of the smart strategies in order to bring policies back to their former central position, since technologies alone cannot generate welfare and prosperity. Local leadership, integrated planning and a rich social fabric go hand in hand, the social capital being able to produce an added value for the cities. We are exactly in a new phase of urban growth centred on the economy of services characterized by widespread digital technologies and new innovative organization patterns, which encourage the participation in the civic policy processes through the realization of structures to share information and data so as to define intervention policies. The most recent studies and trials about innovation and competitiveness, such as the examples illustrated in the present work (Amsterdam, Paredes, Aarhus and Gent show a growing interest in measuring the relationship between innovation and economic growth at various territorial levels, key factors in conceiving inclusive smart strategies, linked to principles of sustainability and territorial cohesion, and building smarter cities. In the light of these remarks, the article is divided into three parts: the first part is focussed on the above-mentioned central issues of the international debate; the second part examines four significant European initiatives; the third part draws preliminary conclusions and directions for further research.

  1. The Creative Cities Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The Creative Cities Network, started by UNESCO in 2004, is one of the world’s highest-level non-governmental organizations in creative industry. The network focuses on the excellence of its member cities as its main product, and finds ways to maintain relevance in city life, local economy

  2. Imagineering the city

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. van den Berg

    2015-01-01

    Cities today are products. The urban experience is commodified into marketable items by urban entrepreneurs. Urban administrations, city marketers, politicians, local businesses and other actors all over the world are developing entrepreneurial strategies to sell their city. From "‘I ♥ New York"’ to

  3. Green space development in shrinking cities – opportunities and constraints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefanie Rößler

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Green space development means both a strategy and a need to cope with the spatial transformation of cities as a consequence of socio-demographic change. This paper focuses on the opportunities and challenges of planning and implementing green spaces in shrinking cities. Based on a doctoral thesis, empirical results regarding the relevance of green spaces and strategies in the process of urban restructuring will be discussed. Concerned cities develop specific framework concepts to face spatial transformation. It is assumed that in shrinking cities the influence of green spaces and as well as their significance for urban form will change. Results of case studies in shrinking cities of Eastern Germany will be discussed with regard to their strategies and the instruments facing the challenges of green space development. The presented findings might be also relevant for urban development in (partially growing cities, enhancing green space development as a part of sustainable cities.

  4. Distribution and Determining of Tourist Attractions and Modeling of Tourist Cities for the City of Isfahan-Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Seifolddini-Faranak; M. S. Fard; Hosseini Ali

    2009-01-01

    Problem statement: Cities have different attractions and usually have tourists. But Management and development sustainable tourist activities needs planning. Approach: This research used survey method and taxonomy analysis to study the spatial pattern of tourist attractions in Isfahan city. Isfahan city is chosen because of numerous tourist attractions and its importance at national and regional level and also its multi role. The research was done from March to November 2008. Results: The res...

  5. Urban and spatial planning in Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marin Tominaga

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to introduce the urban and spatial planning inJapan. According to the national planning system of Japan, chapter 2, the planning system has 3 administrative levels and each territorial region has its own regulation. This paper introduces especially about planning and regulation system in city region in Japan.

  6. An optimization approach and its application for environmental planning of tourism city (Ⅰ)Inexact multi-objective programming model%旅游城市环境规划优化方法与应用研究(Ⅰ)不确定性多目标规划模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈冰; Rui,Zou; 等

    2001-01-01

    Based on the environmental characters of tourism city, such as complexity, multi-objectivity, dynamic and uncertainty, the Inexact Fuzzy Multi-objective Programming (IFMOP) model is proposed to deal with the problem of environmental planning and optimizing in tourism city. The Inexact Fuzzy Multi-objective Programming Model for Urban Tourism Environmental System was built. The process of building model and its solution can sufficiently reflect the characters of environmental system in tourism city. At the same time, the conflict between environmental and economic objectives can be coordinated efficiently. The study provides a useful tool for the work of environmental planning in tourism city.%以旅游城市环境系统的综合性、多目标性、动态性和不确定性的特征出发,提出用不确定性模糊多目标规划(IFMOP)模型来解决旅游城市环境规划优化问题.通过建立旅游城市环境不确定性模糊多目标规划系统模型(IFMOPMTCE),使旅游城市环境系统的特性在模型建立和求解过程中得以充分反映,同时也有效地协调了环境经济等目标之间的矛盾与冲突,该研究为旅游城市环境规划工作提供了一种较为有力的工具.

  7. Port-city development in Rotterdam: A true love story

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aarts, M.; Daamen, T.A.; Huijs, M.; De Vries, W.

    2012-01-01

    This article tells the story of how city and the port have found a joint development strategy for Rotterdam’s CityPorts during the past decade. The process has resulted in more realistic, so-called ‘organic’ development plans, which mark the emergence of a new relationship between the port and the c

  8. Sustainable densification and greenification in the inner city of Rotterdam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beurden, J.B.V.; Doepel, D.; Tillie, N.

    2013-01-01

    Many cities are developing and implementing plans for urban restructuring and densification. The Municipality of Rotterdam has explored a number of strategies with the aim of creating a more attractive, lively city centre through densification and greenification. This study has researched what the a

  9. Role of knowledge of geometrical features of historic cities

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Drdácký, Miloš

    Praha : ITAM, 2006 - (Drdácký, M.), s. 145-148 ISBN 80-86246-25-6 Grant ostatní: Evropská komise(XE) ICA1-CT-2000-70013 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20710524 Keywords : cultural heritage * historic cities * shape of the historic cities Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  10. Modelling the energy transition in cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huber, Felix [Wuppertal Univ. (Germany). Dept. of Civil Engineering; Schwarze, Bjoern; Spiekermann, Klaus; Wegener, Michael [Spiekermann und Wegener Urban and Regional Research, Dortmund (Germany)

    2013-09-01

    The history of cities is a history of energy transitions. In the medieval city heating and cooking occurred with wood and peat. The growth of the industrial city in the 19th century was built on coal and electricity. The sprawling metropolis of the 20th century was made possible by oil and gas. How will the city of the 21st century look after the next energy transition from fossil to renewable energy? This paper reports on the extension of an urban land-use transport interaction model to a model of the energy transition in the Ruhr Area, a five-million agglomeration in Germany. The paper presents the planned model extensions and how they are to be integrated into the model and shows first preliminary results.

  11. From the network city to the neo-liberal city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ribeiro, Gustavo

    2005-01-01

    , the forging of regional identities, the impact of information technologies on urban development, the development of networked infrastructures (transport, telecommunications) and spatial consequences such as the changing status of public space, social polarization, amongst others. The central purpose......-mentioned themes. What concrete issues are they facing in their day-to-day practice? What is the impact of global economies on urban development and planning in each of these cities? How are urban transformations taking place, such as urban restructuring, the implementation of new infrastructure and key urban...

  12. Rare Plants - City of San Diego [ds455

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — The Biological Monitoring Plan (BMP; Ogden 1996) for the Multiple Species Conservation Program (MSCP) was developed in 1996 and is a component of the City of San...

  13. Smart Cities and National Energy Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thellufsen, Jakob Zinck

    Energy system analysis follows two tracks, either through plans for future transitions of national energy systems, or local development of smart cities and regions. These two tracks seldom overlap. National plans neglect the local implementation of intermittent renewable technology and use of local...... resources, and smart cities and local development do not relate to national targets and fail to evaluate sub-optimization. Thus, there is a need for approaches that help researchers creating links between country analyses and local energy system transitions. This paper investigates the effects of such an...... approach, by investigating Western Denmark. By splitting Western Denmark into regions, it is possible to create individual energy systems for each region. Through interconnection, these regions can exchange electricity with each other. This enables analyses of interaction between smart cities and national...

  14. Smart Cities and National Energy Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thellufsen, Jakob Zinck

    Energy system analysis follows two tracks, either through plans for future transitions of national energy systems, or local development of smart cities and regions. These two tracks seldom overlap. National plans neglect the local implementation of intermittent renewable technology and use of local...... resources, and smart cities and local development do not relate to national targets and fail to evaluate sub-optimization. Thus, there is a need for approaches that help researchers creating links between country analyses and local energy system transitions. This paper investigates the effects...... of such an approach, by investigating Western Denmark. By splitting Western Denmark into regions, it is possible to create individual energy systems for each region. Through interconnection, these regions can exchange electricity with each other. This enables analyses of interaction between smart cities and national...

  15. Energy and urban planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian

    How can spatial planning reduce energy use in our cities? How do different geographical, regional, cultural or political contexts influence our options? How can we measure and monitor its effects? And where do we set the boundaries for the definition of action and goals? Findings from the...... international EU-FP7 project PLEEC (‘Planning for energy efficient cities’, 2013-2016) and spin-off projects list options and challenges....

  16. Water resources management plan

    OpenAIRE

    Glauco Maia; Jorge Xavier da Silva; Tiago Marino

    2011-01-01

    Water resources manageWith the mission of providing reliable data for water supply activities in medium and large firefighting operations, the Firefighting Water Supply Tactical Group (GTSAI) represents an important sector of the Rio de Janeiro State Fire Departmentment plan strategic support. Acting proactively, the Tactical Group prepared a Water Resources Management Plan, aiming to set up water resources for each jurisdiction of firefighters in the City of Rio de Janeiro, in order to assis...

  17. Energy and urban planning

    OpenAIRE

    Fertner, Christian

    2015-01-01

    How can spatial planning reduce energy use in our cities? How do differentgeographical, regional, cultural or political contexts influence our options? Howcan we measure and monitor its effects? And where do we set the boundaries forthe definition of action and goals? Findings from the international EU-FP7 projectPLEEC (‘Planning for energy efficient cities’, 2013-2016) and spin-off projects listoptions and challenges.

  18. Smart Energy City Development in Europe: Towards Successful Implementation

    OpenAIRE

    Mosannenzadeh, Farnaz

    2016-01-01

    Smart energy city (SEC) development is a component of the urban development initiative smart city, which has been a popular response to the global energy challenge in Europe during the past two decades. SEC development aims to increase the sustainability of urban energy systems and services. Since 2011, SEC development has been supported by the European Commission as part of the Strategic Energy Technology plan (SET-Plan) and through the European Union Programmes for Research and Technologica...

  19. Underground space planning in Helsinki

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilkka Vähäaho

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper gives insight into the use of underground space in Helsinki, Finland. The city has an underground master plan (UMP for its whole municipal area, not only for certain parts of the city. Further, the decision-making history of the UMP is described step-by-step. Some examples of underground space use in other cities are also given. The focus of this paper is on the sustainability issues related to urban underground space use, including its contribution to an environmentally sustainable and aesthetically acceptable landscape, anticipated structural longevity and maintaining the opportunity for urban development by future generations. Underground planning enhances overall safety and economy efficiency. The need for underground space use in city areas has grown rapidly since the 21st century; at the same time, the necessity to control construction work has also increased. The UMP of Helsinki reserves designated space for public and private utilities in various underground areas of bedrock over the long term. The plan also provides the framework for managing and controlling the city's underground construction work and allows suitable locations to be allocated for underground facilities. Tampere, the third most populated city in Finland and the biggest inland city in the Nordic countries, is also a good example of a city that is taking steps to utilise underground resources. Oulu, the capital city of northern Finland, has also started to ‘go underground’. An example of the possibility to combine two cities by an 80-km subsea tunnel is also discussed. A new fixed link would generate huge potential for the capital areas of Finland and Estonia to become a real Helsinki-Tallinn twin city.

  20. Cities as development drivers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnson, Bjørn; Poulsen, Tjalfe; Hansen, Jens Aage;

    2011-01-01

    There is a strong connection between economic growth and development of cities. Economic growth tends to stimulate city growth, and city economies have often shaped innovative environments that in turn support economic growth. Simultaneously, social and environmental problems related to city growth...... can be serious threats to the realization of the socio-economic contributions that cities can make. However, as a result of considerable diversity of competences combined with interactive learning and innovation, cities may also solve these problems. The ‘urban order’ may form a platform for...... innovative problem solving and potential spill-over effects, which may stimulate further economic growth and development. This paper discusses how waste problems of cities can be transformed to become part of new, more sustainable solutions. Two cases are explored: Aalborg in Denmark and Malmö in Sweden. It...

  1. Me, the City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin Lidin

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The search for identity of cities looks rather urgent and attracts attention of many researchers. Addressing this issue, the article draws an analogy between a human person and a city. Like a city, a human being needs to comprehend his self-identity in order to resist depressive tendencies. It is shown that a person’s depressive symptoms are similar to those of cities. The city identity necessary to resist depression can be searched for both historically and geographically. The historical aspect consists of local myths and legends about the city and the citizens. The geographical aspect of identity comprises features of the terrain, climate, flora and fauna of the region where the city is located.

  2. Extreme Rainfall In A City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nkemdirim, Lawrence

    Cities contain many structures and activities that are vulnerable to severe weather. Heavy precipitation cause floods which can damage structures, compromise transportation and water supply systems, and slow down economic and social activities. Rain induced flood patterns in cities must be well understood to enable effective placement of flood control and other regulatory measures. The planning goal is not to eliminate all floods but to reduce their frequency and resulting damage. Possible approaches to such planning include probability based extreme event analysis. Precipitation is normally the most variable hydrologic element over a given area. This variability results from the distribution of clouds and in cloud processes in the atmosphere, the storm path, and the distribution of topographical features on the ground along path. Some studies suggest that point rainfall patterns are also affected by urban industrial effects hence some agreement that cities are wetter than the country surrounding them. However, there are still questions regarding the intra- urban distribution of precipitation. The sealed surfaces, urban structures, and the urban heat anomaly increase convection in cities which may enhance the generation of clouds. Increased dust and gaseous aerosols loads are effective condensation and sublimation nuclei which may also enhance the generation of precipitation. Based on these associations, the greatest amount of convection type rainfall should occur at city center. A study of summer rainfall in Calgary showed that frequencies of trace amounts of rainfall and events under 0.2mm are highest downtown than elsewhere. For amounts greater than than 0.2 mm, downtown sites were not favored. The most compelling evidence for urban-industrial precipitation enhancement came from the Metromex project around St. Loius, Missouri where maximum increases of between 5 to 30 per cent in summer rainfall downwind of the city was linked to urbanization and

  3. Perspectives for Sustainable Urban Transport Planning in Irkutsk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Engel

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Mobility is a strong demand of urban societies and transport systems are backbones of urban life – in Russian cities like in other cities all over the world. Transport planning has to be understood as an integral part of urban development and urban planning. The report discusses problems and chances for sustainable urban transport planning in Irkutsk.

  4. Excavation of City-walls of Sui-Tang Luoyang City in 1995~1997%隋唐洛阳城城垣1995~1997年发掘简报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    中国社会科学院考古研究所洛阳唐城队

    2003-01-01

    In 1995~1997, the Tang Luoyang City Archaeological Team of IA, CASS, excavated within the palace city on the site of Sui-Tang Luoyang City. They revealed the southern palace-city wall, the eastern and western walls of the west partitioned city, the eastern wall of the east partitioned city, the southern wall of the Xuanwu City, and the eastern and western walls of the east city. The results show that the palace-city walls can be divided into two phases and the palace-city of Sui-Tang Luoyang was built at least twice, and that the walls of the partitioned cities are thinner, ordinary partitions. The discoveries provided important material data for clarifying the plan layout of the palace-city of Sui-Tang Luoyang and its changes.

  5. Pollution and city size: can cities be too small?

    OpenAIRE

    Borck, Rainald; TABUCHI Takatoshi

    2015-01-01

    We study the optimal and equilibrium size of cities in a monocentric city model with environmental pollution. Pollution is related to city size through the effect of population on production, commuting, and housing consumption. If pollution is local, we find that equilibrium cities are too large, mirroring standard results in the theory of city systems. When pollution is global and per capita pollution declines with city size, however, equilibrium cities may be too small.

  6. O planejamento do "Recreio nas Férias" na cidade Paulista de Americana Planning for the program "leisure during the school break" ("Recreio nas Férias" in the brazilian city of Americana, state of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nayara Torre de Almeida

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo constitui um relato de experiência do processo de planejamento e implementação do projeto "Recreio nas Férias" em um dos núcleos do Programa Segundo Tempo, localizado no bairro Vila Jones na cidade Paulista de Americana. O Projeto "Recreio nas Férias" é uma iniciativa do Ministério do Esporte, implantada em 2009 com o objetivo de, no período de férias escolares, oferecer às crianças e adolescentes participantes do programa, opções de esporte e lazer (e.g., atividades lúdicas, esportivas, artísticas, culturais, sociais e turísticas que "preencham o seu tempo livre de forma prazerosa e ao mesmo tempo construtiva" (BRASIL, 2010. Confrontando tais objetivos com os estudos mais atuais no campo do lazer é possível perceber que, no campo das políticas públicas, ainda permanece a visão histórica que tende a tratar o lazer como ocupação do tempo ocioso, principalmente quando se trata das propostas voltadas às classes populares. Isso fica evidente na preocupação explícita de "preencher o tempo livre", enfatizando seu caráter ocupacional. Nesse sentido, tecemos algumas aproximações com estudos de Silva (2003, 2008 e Marcellino (1995, 2001, 2008 compreendendo o lazer como uma das possibilidades de vivência do lúdico e construção da cidadania, ou seja, buscando responder a seguinte questão: pode o lazer assumir outro papel, senão este "ocupacional" historicamente observado nas políticas de esporte e lazer voltadas às classes populares?This study reports the planning and the implementation of the program "Recreio nas Férias" in one of the centers of the program "Second Half" ("Programa Segundo Tempo", located in Vila Jones in the Brazilian city of Americana, State of São Paulo. The program "Leisure During the School Break" ("Recreio nas Férias" is a project of the Ministry of Sports, lounged in 2009. The aim was, during the school break, to provide children and adolescents with sports and leisure

  7. City Carbon Footprint Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guangwu Chen

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Progressive cities worldwide have demonstrated political leadership by initiating meaningful strategies and actions to tackle climate change. However, the lack of knowledge concerning embodied greenhouse gas (GHG emissions of cities has hampered effective mitigation. We analyse trans-boundary GHG emission transfers between five Australian cities and their trading partners, with embodied emission flows broken down into major economic sectors. We examine intercity carbon footprint (CF networks and disclose a hierarchy of responsibility for emissions between cities and regions. Allocations of emissions to households, businesses and government and the carbon efficiency of expenditure have been analysed to inform mitigation policies. Our findings indicate that final demand in the five largest cities in Australia accounts for more than half of the nation’s CF. City households are responsible for about two thirds of the cities’ CFs; the rest can be attributed to government and business consumption and investment. The city network flows highlight that over half of emissions embodied in imports (EEI to the five cities occur overseas. However, a hierarchy of GHG emissions reveals that overseas regions also outsource emissions to Australian cities such as Perth. We finally discuss the implications of our findings on carbon neutrality, low-carbon city concepts and strategies and allocation of subnational GHG responsibility.

  8. Towards urban sustainability: Interdisciplinary European research and professional experience in the field of historic city management

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Drdácký, Miloš; Drdácký, Tomáš

    Budapest : Department for the Protection of settlement heritage, 2004, s. 41-45 [Regional conference of the central and eastern european member cities of the organization of world heritage cities /5./. Budapest (HU), 21.09.2004-23.09.2004] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z2071913 Keywords : historic city * urban management * public participation Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  9. Indian Solar Cities Programme: An Overview of Major Activities and Accomplishments; Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kandt, A.

    2012-05-01

    This paper details the Indian Solar City Programme, provides an overview of one city's Master Plan and implementation progress, describes NREL's support of the Indian Solar City Programme, and outlines synergies and differences between the Indian and American programs including unique challenges and opportunities India is facing.

  10. Planning Kabul: The politics of urbanization in Afghanistan

    OpenAIRE

    Calogero, Pietro Anders

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation is an analysis of how the city of Kabul is being planned. This study addresses a gap in planning scholarship, which rarely focuses on the planning of cities in "developing" countries. Kabul is uniquely important in the geopolitics of security; and at the same time, Kabul is a mid-sized, rapidly-growing city with limited resources and substantial constraints to effective governing. In these respects, the case of Kabul is representative of the way most of the world's urbanizat...

  11. The Image of Vienna: City as Museum or Dynamic Developed Metropolis?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mara Liepa-Zemesa

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses trends of Vienna’s architectonic spatial development. Vienna is a city that, one the one hand, lives in its historical arhitecture and city planning and, on the other hand, has allowed innovative building in certain areas. Historical development of Vienna was analyzed, underlining aspects which have had the most impact to the current urban fabric. Since in the federal country of Austria Vienna is a state and a municipality at the same time, it has created its own special planning instruments and regulation for city planning. In achieving more sucessfull city planning results, city planners have admitted that development of informal planning is necessary, paying large attention to involving society in the planning process.Article in English

  12. 山地城市城郊山区旅游交通特性与规划实践--以重庆市南山景区为例%Research on Tourist Traffic Characteristics and Planning Practice of Suburban Tourism in Mountainous Cities-Taking Nanshan Scenic in Chongqing as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高建杰

    2013-01-01

    Aiming at the particularity of the suburba n mountainous region in mountain cities, the basic conception of tourist traffic planning is discussed basing on the characteristics of tourism transportation anal-ysis. And combining with Nanshan tourism traffic planning practice in Chongqing, a new pattern of suburban mountain tourist traffic must be built up.%针对山地城市城郊山区旅游景区的特殊性,以旅游交通特性分析为基础,探讨了该类旅游交通规划的基本理念,结合重庆市大南山旅游交通规划实践,构筑城郊山地旅游交通新格局。

  13. Urban street networks: a comparative analysis of ten European cities

    CERN Document Server

    Strano, Emanuele; Cardillo, Alessio; Costa, Luciano Da Fontoura; Porta, Sergio; Latora, Vito

    2012-01-01

    We compare the structural properties of the street networks of ten different European cities using their primal representation. We investigate the properties of the geometry of the networks and a set of centrality measures highlighting differences and similarities among cases. In particular, we found that cities share structural similarities due to their quasi planarity but that there are also several distinctive geometrical proprieties. A Principal Component Analysis is also performed on the distributions of centralities and their respective moments, which is used to find distinctive characteristics by which we can classify cities into families. We believe that, beyond the improvement of the empirical knowledge on streets network proprieties, our findings can open new perspectives in the scientific relation between city planning and complex networks, stimulating the debate on the effectiveness of the set of knowledge that statistical physics can contribute for city planning and urban morphology studies.

  14. Underground space planning in Helsinki

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ilkka Vhaho

    2014-01-01

    This paper gives insight into the use of underground space in Helsinki, Finland. The city has an under-ground master plan (UMP) for its whole municipal area, not only for certain parts of the city. Further, the decision-making history of the UMP is described step-by-step. Some examples of underground space use in other cities are also given. The focus of this paper is on the sustainability issues related to urban underground space use, including its contribution to an environmentally sustainable and aesthetically acceptable landscape, anticipated structural longevity and maintaining the opportunity for urban development by future generations. Underground planning enhances overall safety and economy effi-ciency. The need for underground space use in city areas has grown rapidly since the 21st century;at the same time, the necessity to control construction work has also increased. The UMP of Helsinki reserves designated space for public and private utilities in various underground areas of bedrock over the long term. The plan also provides the framework for managing and controlling the city’s underground con-struction work and allows suitable locations to be allocated for underground facilities. Tampere, the third most populated city in Finland and the biggest inland city in the Nordic countries, is also a good example of a city that is taking steps to utilise underground resources. Oulu, the capital city of northern Finland, has also started to‘go underground’. An example of the possibility to combine two cities by an 80-km subsea tunnel is also discussed. A new fixed link would generate huge potential for the capital areas of Finland and Estonia to become a real Helsinki-Tallinn twin city.

  15. Cities and human security

    OpenAIRE

    Szpak, Agnieszka

    2016-01-01

    Cities have been researched mostly in terms of their economic, technological, and social value and significance. Despite some changes in this respect there is still a need to research cities as a fascinating phenomenon, also in respect of its capabilities to increase human security on a local and global scale. The article examines the role of cities for human security in the selected and representative fields such as sustainable development, human rights and environmental protection which are...

  16. Assimilation in multilingual cities

    OpenAIRE

    Ortega, Javier; Verdugo, Gregory

    2015-01-01

    International audience We characterise how the assimilation patterns of minorities into the strong and the weak language differ in a situation of asymmetric bilingualism. Using large variations in language composition in Canadian cities from the 2001 and 2006 Censuses, we show that the differences in the knowledge of English by immigrant allophones (i.e. the immigrants with a mother tongue other than English and French) in English-majority cities are mainly due to sorting across cities. In...

  17. Learning cities 2020

    OpenAIRE

    Osborne, Michael

    2014-01-01

    This article provides a brief overview of historic work in the field of Learning City development. It then proceeds to highlight two contemporary strands of work. The first is the initiative of UNESCO’s Institute for Lifelong Learning (UIL) in establishing the International Platform of Learning Cities. The second is the work of the PASCAL Observatory, currently manifested in the Learning Cities 2020 programme.

  18. Sound and the City

    OpenAIRE

    Bulley, James; Sahin, Ozden; Spinelli, Emmanuel; Tanaka, Atau; Hosang, Georgina M.; Cubitt, Sean; Drever, John L.; Kanngieser, Anja

    2014-01-01

    Imagining the future soundscape of the city. Researchers from across disciplines explore the rapidly changing urban soundscape — how do the sounds around us affect our daily life? What might a futuristic city sound like? An interactive listening experience exploring the impact that the sounds around us can have on our health, wellbeing and sense of place. Sound and the City installation was exhibited as part of the Universities Week at the Natural History Museum between June 9 — 11, 2...

  19. Assimilation in multilingual cities

    OpenAIRE

    Ortega, Javier

    2011-01-01

    Using the Public Use Microdata Files of the 2001 and 2006 Canadian Censuses, we study the determinants of the assimilation of language minorities into the city majority language. We show that official minority members (i.e. francophones in English-speaking cities and anglophones in French-speaking cities) assimilate less than the "allophones" (the individuals with a mother tongue other than English or French), and that immigrants generally assimilate less than natives. In addition, the langua...

  20. IMPROVING SEMANTIC UPDATING METHOD ON 3D CITY MODELS USING HYBRID SEMANTIC-GEOMETRIC 3D SEGMENTATION TECHNIQUE

    OpenAIRE

    Sharkawi, K.-H.; Abdul-Rahman, A

    2013-01-01

    Cities and urban areas entities such as building structures are becoming more complex as the modern human civilizations continue to evolve. The ability to plan and manage every territory especially the urban areas is very important to every government in the world. Planning and managing cities and urban areas based on printed maps and 2D data are getting insufficient and inefficient to cope with the complexity of the new developments in big cities. The emergence of 3D city models hav...

  1. The scaling of income inequality in cities

    CERN Document Server

    Sarkar, Somwrita; Simpson, Roderick; Wasnik, Sachin

    2015-01-01

    Developing a scientific understanding of cities in a fast urbanizing world is essential for planning sustainable urban systems. Recently, it was shown that income and wealth creation follow increasing returns, scaling superlinearly with city size. We study scaling of per capita incomes for separate census defined income categories against population size for the whole of Australia. Across several urban area definitions, we find that lowest incomes grow just linearly or sublinearly ($\\beta = 0.94$ to $1.00$), whereas highest incomes grow superlinearly ($\\beta = 1.00$ to $1.21$), with total income just superlinear ($\\beta = 1.03$ to $1.05$). These findings support the earlier finding: the bigger the city, the richer the city. But, we also see an emergent metric of inequality: the larger the population size and densities of a city, higher incomes grow more quickly than lower, suggesting a disproportionate agglomeration of incomes in the highest income categories in big cities. Because there are many more people ...

  2. Recent developments in healthy city design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    StephenS.YLAU; K.W.CHAU; DanielC.W.HO

    2003-01-01

    This paper reviews the recent developments in programs and tools for healthy city design with special reference to densely populated cities. The research agenda that underpin the development of these programs and tools are also discussed. The review shows that progress in healthy city design must be built upon theories that explains the relationship between the hardware and software of city at all levels (such as urban landscape, planning, building design, development density, infrastructure, traffic management, building management etc) and the physical and mental well being of its citizens. Since data on the latter is often difficult to come by, observable factors that are known to have a direct bearing on human health conditions such as air quality, water quality, noise level, thermal comfort etc are used instead. The discovery of these theories requires knowledge from different fields and thus calls for a multidisciplinary approach. In addition, many recent programs and tools for healthy city design also aim at resolving implementation issues. Resolving these issues is often the key to building a healthy city.

  3. Suburbs and Cities

    OpenAIRE

    William N. Goetzmann; Matthew I. Spiegel; Susan M. Wachter

    1996-01-01

    This paper addresses the issue of how closely the fortunes of suburbs are tied to the fortunes of the central city. We use similarities in residential housing price dynamics as a measure of how closely the economies of cities and suburbs are related. We develop housing price indices for most of the zip codes in California, and use these in a clustering procedure to see whether cities and suburbs naturally aggregate together, or whether they move separately. We find that central cities tend to...

  4. Outdoor thermal environmental research of the mountainous city by GIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The study of urban outdoor thermal environment was carried out in one of the mountainous cities by using geography information system(GIS) technique which is connected with predicting and evaluating models for the outdoor thermal environment, monitoring data and simulating data. A prediction and evaluation system were set up.A typical mountainous city, i. e. , Yunyang city in Chongqing in China, was taken as an example, its urbanization trend and population growth was predicted and evaluated. The heat island intensity and its trend were simulated, the temperature field, velocity field and the humidity field were analyzed. The results show that GIS is an effective tool to deal with the outdoor thermal environment, especially for the mountainous cities with special geographical particularities. GIS can be used in the environmental management and the city planning especially for the mountainous cities.

  5. An integrated water resources management strategy for Al-Ain City, United Arab Emirates

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamed, M. M.

    2014-01-01

    Al-Ain is the second largest city in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi and the third in the UAE. Currently, desalination plants are the only source of drinking water in the city with an average daily supply of 170 MIG. Recently, Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council (UPC) released Al-Ain 2030 Plan. Projects suggested in this plan, over and above the expected natural population growth, will certainly put additional stress on the water resources in the city. Therefore, Al-Ain city seems to be in urgent need ...

  6. Seismic Hazard Management in Mexico City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wintergerst, L.

    2007-05-01

    Mexico City is one of the largest cities in the world. More than 8.5 million residents and 4.5 million floating population are in the city itself, but with the surrounding suburbs the number of people that could be affected by natural and man-made hazards rises to approximately 20 million. The main risk to the city as a whole is a large magnitude earthquake. Since there is reason to prepare for a credible seismic scenario of Mw = 8.2, which would exceed the damages caused during the 1985 earthquake (Mw = 8.1), we founded the Metropolitan Geologic Service (MGS) in 1998. The MGS has developed geologic and seismic hazard maps for the city (http:www.proteccioncivil.df.gob.mx). The maps include three separate risk maps for low height (3 stories), medium height (10 stories) and tall buildings (10 stories). The maps were prepared by using the maximum horizontal accelerations documented during the 1985 earthquake, and wave propagation modeling for buildings of different resonant periods (T = 0.0, 1.0 and 2.0 sec). In all cases, the risk zones were adjusted to include documented damage during the 1957, 1979 and 1985 earthquakes. All three maps show a high risk zone in the north-central portion of the city, elongated in a N-S direction, which corresponds with a narrow graben where the thickness of alluvial sediments is particularly large, and where wave amplification is accentuated. Preparation of these maps, and others used for planning, has been facilitated by the ongoing elaboration of a Dynamic Geographical Information System, which is based on geo-scientific information, includes all types of risks, and incorporates vulnerability models. From the risk management standpoint, we have elaborated the Permanent Contingency Plan for Mexico City, which in its Earthquakes chapter includes plans for coordination and for organizing attention to the population in the event of a seismic disaster. This Permanent Plan follows the philosophy of Descartes' Method, has 11 processes (6

  7. The City at Stake:

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Esmann Andersen

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Studies of the city have been addressed from many different approaches such as law, political science, art history and public administration, in which the eco-nomic, political and legal status of the city have played a major role. However, a new agenda for conceptualizing the city has emerged, in which the city assumes new roles. By using stakeholder theory as a framework for conceptualizing the city, we argue that the city assumes a political-economic agenda-setting role as well as providing a stage for identity constructions and relational performances for consumers, organizations, the media, politicians and other stakeholders. Stakeholder theory allows us to conceptualize the city as being constituted by stakes and relationships between stakeholders which are approached from three analytical positions (modern, postmodern and hypermodern, respectively, thereby allowing us to grasp different stakes and types of relationships, ranging from functional and contractual relationships to individualized and emotionally driven or more non-committal and fluid forms of relationships. In order to support and illustrate the analytical potentials of our framework for conceptualizing urban living, we introduce a project which aims to turn the city of Aarhus into a CO2-neutral city by the year 2030, entitled Aarhus CO2030. We conclude that applying stakeholder theory to a hyper-complex organization such as a city opens up for a reconceptualization of the city as a web of stakes and stakeholder relations. Stakeholder theory contributes to a nuanced and elaborate understanding of the urban complexity and web of both enforced and voluntary relationships as well as the different types of relationships that characterize urban life.

  8. MODELS OF THE CITIES OF THE FUTURE - FROM TECHNOPOLIS TO ECOSITY

    OpenAIRE

    Pryadko Igor Petrovich

    2014-01-01

    This paper is devoted to the models of future cities and evaluating their suitability in terms of biosphere compatible human environment. The following two models of cities are analyzed: technopolis (techno-park) and ecocity (garden city). Ecological aspects of the urban life are considered. The author demonstrates how the solutions based on the biosphere-compatible urban planning can serve to optimize the development of the cities. In the first part of the article the examples illustrating t...

  9. Study of Model of Grey Decision Making to Choose Leading Industry of Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JinglongZhang; GuangyongChen; WeiGuo; GangXie

    2004-01-01

    The Leading industry influences the economic development of one city. This paper establishes a decision factor system of choosing leading industry of cities, applies related decision theory in Grey System and invents the procedure of choosing leading industry, which achieved a good practical effect. Afterwards, the city Tianmen acclaims the dress industry as Leading Industry in its "The Tenth Five-Year Plan for Economic and Social Development of City TianMen".

  10. Governing from Above : Solid Waste Management in Nigeria's New Capital City of Abuja

    OpenAIRE

    Adama, Onyanta

    2007-01-01

    This doctoral dissertation examines how the symbolic character of a relocated capital city influences and intersects with local conditions to shape the governance structure and relations in service delivery. The focus is on Abuja, the new capital city of Nigeria, and the sector studied is solid waste management. Abuja was planned to avoid the numerous problems facing other Nigerian cities. Contrary to the intention of government and planners, the city now houses the fastest growing slum in th...

  11. The prospects of cycling for intra-city travel in the new towns of Hong Kong

    OpenAIRE

    Chan, Lang-hang; 陳朗恆

    2014-01-01

    Cycling has a long history as a mode of human transportation. It is highly recognised for its contributions in environmental protection, public health improvements and community vitalisation. Many international cities have accommodated cycling as a fundamental part of their own city planning. Such implementation of cycling city may not be fit into the city centres of Hong Kong due to its demographics and composition of the urban transport system. Nevertheless, many previous studies have ident...

  12. A Connected History of Health and Education: Learning Together toward a Better City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Joanne; Howard, Diane; Dotson, Ebbin

    2015-01-01

    The infrastructure, financial, and human resource histories of health and education are offered as key components of future strategic planning initiatives in learning cities, and 10 key components of strategic planning initiatives designed to enhance the health and wealth of citizens of learning cities are discussed.

  13. ANALYSIS OF FACTORS IMPACTING LAND USE IN TRANSFORMING ISTANBUL HISTORICAL CITY CENTER

    OpenAIRE

    Ismail Hakan KOLCU; Dokmeci, Vedia

    2015-01-01

    Istanbul historical city center is going through a provincial transformation by quick population increase, multicentered city development, developing tourism and trade feature pressures as well as selection of location for housing. Provincial transformation is briefly described as; an action plan integrating with the city and urban people, prepared to increase life quality based on strategic development plan and within the provincial development vision for the nonfunctional, old a...

  14. REPRESENTING URBAN SPACE ACCORDING TO THE FEATURES OF THE IDEAL CITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MARIA ELIZA DULAMĂ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study focused on high school students’ representing the real and ideal urban spaces on plans and it also focused on their representing of these spaces in texts. Students worked in groups and we presented their results: the city plans created for three ideal cities. We analysed the represented geographical elements, the functions of those cities, and the difficulties that students had in perceiving and representing geographical space.

  15. Deer City Legend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUHUANZHI; LILIKUN

    2003-01-01

    MORE and more commodities,such as clothes,shoes,millinery,lighters and shavers,now bear the “Made in Wenzhou”mark.It woule appear that Wenzhou grooms the whole nation.Lucheng(deer city)District in central Wenzhou is the nucleus of the city's thriving light industry sector.

  16. The Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Jensen, Ole B.; Kiib, Hans

    2009-01-01

    development are discussed in the paper, as well as the problems and the new opportunities with which the ‘Experience city' is faced. The article focus on the design of the Danish Experience City with special emphasis on hybrid cultural projects and on performative urban spaces. It present the first findings...... as we engage with the discussion about the trajectory of future research....

  17. A liveable city:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sommerlund, Julie

    2014-01-01

    increas- ingly based in and on cities rather than nations, and cities compete for businesses, branding, tourists and talent. In the western world, urbanisation has happened simultane- ously to de-industrialisation, which has opened industrial neighbourhoods and harbours for new uses – often focus- ing on...

  18. CHONGQING, the Hot City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Chongqing is a well-known city with a history of more than 3,000 years. It is a famous historical and cultural city in China. Chongqing is the birthplace of the Bayu Culture. At present, Chongqing is a municipality directly under the Central Government with the largest area, the most administrative districts and the largest population.

  19. Marriage and the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gautier, Pieter; Svarer, Michael; Teulings, Coen

    Do people move to cities because of marriage market considerations? In cities singles can meet more potential partners than in rural areas. Singles are therefore prepared to pay a premium in terms of higher housing prices. Once married, the marriage market benefits disappear while the housing...

  20. Escaping The Big Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    More white-collar workers consider leaving major metropolises to find opportunities in small and medium-sized cities The energy and excitement of first-tier cities, including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen in Guangdong Province, have long served as magnets attracting enthusiastic young people. But recent surveys have overturned the perception of this urban draw.