WorldWideScience

Sample records for city planning

  1. Study on Public Interest in City Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付樯; 周立军

    2014-01-01

    Public interest is the key point of city planning, which has a significant effect on the level of city planning. This paper discussed the public interest in city planning, which is advantageous to improve the level of city planning.%公共利益是城市规划的关键点,对城市规划水平有重要作用。本文探讨了城市规划中的公共利益,有利于城市规划水平的提高。

  2. Bioclimate and city planning - open space planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mertens, Elke

    The planning and using of open spaces in urban areas very much depend on the shading of the surrounding building structures. This article presents a method for the investigation of the sunlight and the bioclimatic conditions in dependence on the surrounding buildings. It is illustrated for typical courtyards in Berlin, Germany, as one type of open spaces. The programme HelioDat determines the shading of any spot of an open space. It gives the possible duration of direct sunlight for the selected spot for each day of the year. The sunlight conditions in the courtyards differ from one another a lot in dependence on their size the tallness of the surrounding buildings. The calculation of the PMV on the basis of the results of the programme HelioDat determine the bioclimatic situation in the discussed courtyards. Although the results of HelioDat are only one input among the weather conditions and the personal characteristics of the test-person, the bioclimatic conditions correlate very much with the sunlight conditions. In a projected building structure, the sunlight conditions vary a lot between the present situation and the two architectural alternatives. Since the bioclimatic situation is correlated to the sunlight conditions, this example demonstrates the importance for the investigation of the sunlight conditions and the bioclimate already during the planning process of buildings.

  3. Planning for Resource Efficient Cities [Guest Editorial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje

    2016-01-01

    development from energy consumption are crucial for a city’s future vulnerability and resilience against changes in general resource availability. The challenge gets further complex, as resource and energy efficiency in a city is deeply interwoven with other aspects of urban development such as social...... structures and the geographical context. As cities are the main consumer of energy and resources, they are both problem and solution to tackle issues of energy efficiency and saving. Cities have been committed to this agenda, especially to meet the national and international energy targets. Increasingly......, cities act as entrepreneurs of new energy solutions acknowledging that efficient monitoring of energy and climate policies has become important to urban branding and competitiveness. This special issue presents findings from the European FP7 project ‘Planning for Energy Efficient Cities’ (PLEEC...

  4. Roman City Planning and Spatial Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-García, A. César; Magli, Giulio

    The towns founded by the Romans over the course of some eight centuries of history were always inspired by rigid principles of spatial organization, followed by the Roman military camps as well. The symbolism embodied in such rules was tightly and undubitably connected with the power of Rome. According to a variety of ancient sources, city planning involved ritual procedures inherited from the Etruscans and closely connected with the equipartition of the Cosmos according to cardinal directions. As a consequence, a role for astronomy has to be expected in Roman city planning. However, attempts at establishing a common rule have been doomed to failure up to now due both to methodological issues and to the practical mentality of the Romans, which in many cases appears to have overruled symbolic principles. We discuss these issues and present recent results obtained on the towns of Italy and of the Iberian Peninsula, which help to clarify the matter.

  5. City marketing: online communication plan for the city of Lisbon

    OpenAIRE

    Altrichter, Benjamin

    2011-01-01

    Mestrado em Marketing City Marketing represents marketing efforts of cities in order to attract more visitors. Today, we are confronted everyday with marketing campaigns in all different communication media promoting countries, cities or events. Cities are competing for visitors on a global scale, forcing them to adapt successful marketing strategies for gaining and retaining costumers. Yet, City Marketing still remains an unknown chapter for a big part of the general public an...

  6. European and Italian experience of Smart Cities: A model for the smart planning of city built

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Starlight Vattano

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The construction of the city through smart measures is now a frontier reached from many cities in the world. The built environment requires smart planning able to relate urban realities that are relegated to a marginal change. But how does the smart cities can create a relationship between sustainable cities of the future and their heritage? The article highlights the way of smart urban transformation of reality European and Italian proposing critical comparisons from which to infer smart parameters most used and easy to apply for the sustainable construction of these smart cities focusing on the urban sources of intelligent retrieval for quality their historical and cultural heritage.

  7. Smart City Planning Can Cut Deadly Diseases, Improve Air Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_161133.html Smart City Planning Can Cut Deadly Diseases, Improve Air ... to shop; availability and safety of bike paths; parking costs; and access to public transportation. Specifically, the ...

  8. Climate change adaptation planning in large cities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Araos, Malcolm; Berrang-Ford, Lea; Ford, James D.; Austin, Stephanie E.; Biesbroek, Robbert; Lesnikowski, Alexandra

    2016-01-01

    Cities globally face significant risks from climate change, and are taking an increasingly active role in formulating and implementing climate change adaptation policy. However, there are few, if any, global assessments of adaptation taking place across cities. This study develops and applies a f

  9. The risk city cities countering climate change : emerging planning theories and practices around the world

    CERN Document Server

    Jabareen, Yosef

    2015-01-01

    Contemporary cities face phenomenal risks, and they face particularly high levels of mounting social and environmental risks, including social polarization, urban conflicts, riots, terror, and climate change threats. This book suggests that climate change and its resulting uncertainties challenge the concepts, procedures, and scope of conventional approaches to planning, creating a need to rethink and revise current planning methods. Therefore, this book suggests a paradigm shift in our thinking, interrogation, and planning of our cities. Based on the contemporary conditions of risk at cities

  10. Note: The PLEEC Project – Planning for Energy Efficient Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kullman, Mikael; Campillo, Javier; Dahlquist, Erik;

    2016-01-01

    Globally, more than 50% of all people are living in cities today. Enhancing sustainability and efficiency of urban energy systems is thus of high priority for global sustainable development. The European research project PLEEC (Planning for Energy Efficient Cities) focuses on technological......, innovative, behavioural and structural capacities of European medium-sized cities in their transition towards Energy Smart Cities. The variation of strengths and weaknesses of cities’ capabilities as well as practices and tools for enhancing energy efficient performance of urban energy systems were...

  11. City-Level Energy Decision Making. Data Use in Energy Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation in U.S. Cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aznar, Alexandra [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Day, Megan [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Doris, Elizabeth [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Mathur, Shivani [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Donohoo-Vallett, Paul [U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)

    2015-07-08

    The Cities-LEAP technical report, City-Level Energy Decision Making: Data Use in Energy Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation in U.S. Cities, explores how a sample of cities incorporates data into making energy-related decisions. This report provides the foundation for forthcoming components of the Cities-LEAP project that will help cities improve energy decision making by mapping specific city energy or climate policies and actions to measurable impacts and results.

  12. Annual Conference of China City Planning 2011 Held in Nanjing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>On Sept. 20, 2010, the three-day Annual Conference of China City Planning 2011 was launched in the Nanjing International Expo Center, which was co-hosted by the Urban Planning Society of China (UPSC) and Nanjing Municipal Government, in collaboration with Department of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of

  13. Soft Space Planning in Cities unbound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Kristian

    This paper analyses contemporary experiments of building governance capacity in new soft spaces in Denmark through processes of spatial strategy-making. The paper argues that new soft spaces are emerging in Danish spatial planning, which set out to promote more effective forms of strategic spatial...... planning. The Danish case of soft space planning demonstrates how Danish soft spaces at subnational scales fail to fill in the gaps between formal planning structures and provide the glue that binds formal scales of planning together as promised in the soft space literature. This raises a number...... of critical questions about whether the normative arguments in the soft space literature are unfounded, or whether the significance of soft spaces is simply overrated in the planning literature. Furthermore, it is argued that critical attention needs to be paid to the prevalence of soft spaces in spatial...

  14. Sustainable Land-use Planning of Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>1.IntroductionChina is now amid rapid urbanization,which,no matter in terms of scale or speed,is unprecedented in the human history.The history of urban development shows that the sustainability of a city is actually determined in the early stage of its

  15. Fast and robust generation of city scale urban ground plan

    OpenAIRE

    Lien, JM; Camelli, F; Wong, WSD

    2011-01-01

    Since the introduction of the concept of Digital Earth, almost every major international city has been re-constructed in the virtual world. A large volume of geometric models describing urban objects has become freely available in public domain via software like Google Earth. Although mostly created for visualization, these urban models can benefit many applications beyond visualization including video games, city scale evacuation plan, traffic simulation and earth phenomenon simulations. ...

  16. Strategic Planning Approaches for Creating Resilient Cities: A Case Study on Hangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu; Dan; Hua; Chen

    2015-01-01

    In the twenty-first century, the population in China will be increasingly urbanized – focusing the sustainability challenge on cities and raising new challenges to address the urban resilience capacity. During the past two decades, China’s urban policies are state institution-directed, growth-oriented, and land-based, imposing unprecedented challenges on sustainability. Strengthening the capacity of cities to manage resilience appears to be a key factor for cities to effectively pursue sustainable development. The aim of this paper is to explore strategic planning approaches for creating resilient cities in China through a study on Hangzhou City in an integrated framework. Firstly, the paper gives a systematic insight into the structure of Hangzhou City. Secondly, the development trajectory of the urban system is analyzed to understand how the past has shaped the present and to get a broader perspective on its evolution. Thirdly, scenario planning is conducted to explore the adaptive capacity of Hangzhou City under different future conditions. At last, having analyzed the past, present, and future of the urban system, the paper discusses the strategies for resilient planning, which helps to identify factors and trends that might enhance or inhabit the adaptability.

  17. A Low Carbon City Action Plan for one of China’s Low Carbon Pilot Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakutyte-Walangitang D.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In Chinese cities urbanization, industrialization and a changing life style of the population are driving growing energy consumption in buildings, industries and transportation and an increase in CO2 emissions. Facing these challenges, the National Development and Reform Commission has recognised an urgent need for transformation and designated 8 Cities and 5 Provinces in China to pioneer the planning and implementation of concrete low carbon measures, aiming to decrease the CO2 intensity of the economic development, to increase the energy efficiency of urban systems and to improve the quality of life in growing urban regions. In this context, a Sino-Austrian cooperation has been initiated between the Development and Reform Commission of Nanchang, one of the 8 selected Low Carbon Pilot Cities, and the Austrian Institute of Technology to develop a comprehensive set of Low Carbon City Measures and a Low Carbon City Action Plan, proposing specific technological and non-technological measures and concrete actions, capable of introducing important impulses targeting the increase of energy efficiency and the reduction of CO2 emissions in Nanchang. A team of experts has developed an integrated Low Carbon City Action Plan, including sectors such as buildings, energy supply and consumption, industries, transportation, agriculture and urban planning.

  18. Astronomy and City Planning in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pankenier, David W.

    By the beginning of the formative period of Chinese civilization in the early second millennium BCE, astronomical knowledge was already being applied to the cardinal orientation of cities and monumental architecture. This focus is most strongly manifested in the symbolic orientation of imperial capitals. Beginning with the First Emperor of Qin's creation of the unified empire in 221 BCE, a traditional linkage between the ruler and the supra-visible power located at the Celestial Pole led to even greater focus on architectural conformity with the circumpolar skyscape.

  19. Planning Energy Efficient and Livable Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Energy Sector Management Assistance Program

    2014-01-01

    The world's urban population is expected to increase by about 2.7 billion by 2050.Virtually all of the increased population will be in developing countries, leading to massive needs for new and improved housing and urban infrastructures (UNDESA 2012). The planning and design of these new developments will reshape or create new urban landscapes with significant implications for energy consu...

  20. Transformation of a city resident into prosumer in the process of the city development strategic planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.I. Karyy

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to select the optimal level of citizens participation in city development strategic planning and to suggest the role that citizens can play in the development of public services for them. The paper analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of citizens participation into the designing of a strategic plan for city development, as well as determines the desired level of such participation and identifies a new role that can be played by the inhabitants in the of process of the city development strategic plan creation. There were done the survey of employees of local self-governments from 107 cities of all Ukraine’s regions, conducted through questionnaires and focus groups. Results of surveys and discussions are compared with current theories of local development and marketing managing. The results of the analysis shows that the current level of informational technologies development in Ukraine, social and political situation in small and middle cities create opportunities to transform citizens from passive observers into prosumers. Urban development must ensure «civilized society» for their residents that is one which demonstrates rather high level of welfare, culture, education and technological development. The concept of «civilization» declare the ability to make decisions concerning the person’s present and future and community, of which he or she is a member. If city residents can not influence the actions of local authorities, to participate directly in local government, it cannot be said that they live in a civilized society. In modern scientific literature and journalism instead of the term «civilized society» in this sense is often used the term «civil society». Political scientists and sociologists actively explore issues of converting the inhabitants of European cities in conscious socially active citizens, with their distinct social position. Of course, increasing social

  1. Rehabilitating camp cities : community driven planning for urbanised refugee camps

    OpenAIRE

    Misselwitz, Philipp

    2009-01-01

    Focussing on Palestine refugee camps in the Near East, this dissertation aims to shed light on the potential relevance of urban planning to refugee camp environments worldwide. In particular, there is a focus on the role architects and urban planners can play in facilitating participatory planning processes as well as providing guidance and expertise in the development of a spatial vision for Camp Cities. Part I - The Urbanisation of Refugee Camps as a Global Challenge The first part o...

  2. Venturing into unknown territory: Strategic spatial planning in post-communist cities

    OpenAIRE

    Sasha Tsenkova

    2011-01-01

    Recent planning practice in post-communist cities indicates a growing interest in strategic spatial planning. In their search for new planning paradigms and more flexible approaches to city planning, municipalities in post-communist cities have embraced strategic planning as a way to involve residents, the business community and various stakeholders in defining a vision for the future. Drawing on the experience of six capital cities – Prague, St Petersburg, Vilnius, Sofia, Budapest and Riga –...

  3. Sustainable and Smart City Planning Using Spatial Data in Wallonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenne, N.; Beaumont, B.; Hallot, E.; Wolff, E.; Poelmans, L.; Baltus, C.

    2016-09-01

    Simulating population distribution and land use changes in space and time offer opportunities for smart city planning. It provides a holistic and dynamic vision of fast changing urban environment to policy makers. Impacts, such as environmental and health risks or mobility issues, of policies can be assessed and adapted consequently. In this paper, we suppose that "Smart" city developments should be sustainable, dynamic and participative. This paper addresses these three smart objectives in the context of urban risk assessment in Wallonia, Belgium. The sustainable, dynamic and participative solution includes (i) land cover and land use mapping using remote sensing and GIS, (ii) population density mapping using dasymetric mapping, (iii) predictive modelling of land use changes and population dynamics and (iv) risk assessment. The comprehensive and long-term vision of the territory should help to draw sustainable spatial planning policies, to adapt remote sensing acquisition, to update GIS data and to refine risk assessment from regional to city scale.

  4. Geothermal energy systems plan for Boise City

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-01-01

    This is a plan for development of a downtown Boise geothermal district space heating system incorporating legal, engineering, organizational, geological, and economic requirements. Topics covered include: resource characteristics, system design and feasibility, economic feasibility, legal overview, organizational alternatives, and conservation. Included in appendices are: property ownership patterns on the Boise Front, existing hot well data, legal briefs, environmental data, decision point communications, typical building heating system retrofit schematics, and background assumptions and data for cost summary. (MHR)

  5. Family Planning for Inner-City Adolescent Males: Pilot Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reis, Janet; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Describes a pilot family planning program in an inner-city pediatric practice. Male adolescents were more likely to accept contraceptives if the provider first raised the topic of birth control to them. Identified a desire for anonymity/confidentiality and embarrassment or discomfort as the key reasons for not seeking contraceptives. Emphasizes…

  6. Comment and response document for the long-term surveillance plan for the Falls City Disposal Site, Falls City, Texas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document contains the comments made by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission on the Department of Energy's (DOE) Long-Term Surveillance Plan for the Falls City Disposal Site, Falls City, Texas. DOE's responses to the comments are also included

  7. City and Energy Infrastructures between Economic Processes and Urban Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Mazzeo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the issues related to the relationship between city, energy, economic factors and city planning. These issues are analyzed from a theoretical point of view and are placed in a logical path based on three assumptions. The first considers the city as an intelligent system constantly evolving. The second considers the city as a system where economic processes come out at their highest level affecting other aspects of social and urban structure. The third considers the planning as the weak link in the process of urban development, one of the most exposed to economic and social pressures.Energy production has experienced a great progress since steam and electricity were discovered. Each stage of this evolution has affected city and territory introducing significant physical signs, changing the ways of carrying out functions and creating new needs and new activities. The energy revolution, based on sustainable sources and on skillful management of the networks, will strongly affect the city and the way of organizing the activities, their location, dimension, and the shape of the spaces.The paper explores some of the issues related to the relationship between urban system and energy.The first section analyzes the meaning of the intelligent city as an entity that is constantly changing and constantly adapting. The second section analyzes the role of the energy systems in the evolution of the activities and of the city’s image. The last section investigates the role of the economic factors in the evolution of the shape and meaning of city, pointing out that the way towards smart and green urban systems will largely depend on their economic advantage. 

  8. Plan for city identity establishment and city marketing - the case of Kimpo city

    OpenAIRE

    Kim Inn

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to provide theoretical methods and practical strategies of crea-ting city identity, and to utilize them as basic tools of city management. Place marketing consists of two parts, place assets making and place promotion. Place asset making is the process of making the place-specific advantage or attractiveness and the place promotion is the process that makes notice of it. The place marketing debates and strategies is quite often confined to partial place marketing,...

  9. Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Planning in African Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Gertrud; Herslund, Lise Byskov; Lund, Dorthe Hedensted;

    2014-01-01

    beginning to be aware of the task, and some time will pass before it is integrated into mainstream urban governance. This chapter is based on work in progress. It covers urban governance and planning aspects of climate change adaptation as studied in the CLUVA project (CLimate change and Urban Vulnerability......Resilience of urban structures towards impacts of a changing climate is one of the emerging tasks that cities all over the world are facing at present. Effects of climate change take many forms, depending on local climate, spatial patterns, and socioeconomic structures. Cities are only just...... in Africa), as well as some experiences from Denmark. Focus is on the responses and capacities of urban authorities, strengths and weaknesses of the efforts, data needs and possible ways forward. The chapter concludes that many adaptation activities are taking place in the CLUVA case cities...

  10. Conservation for cities how to plan and build natural infrastructure

    CERN Document Server

    McDonald, Robert I

    2015-01-01

    With this book, Robert McDonald offers a comprehensive framework for maintaining and strengthening the supporting bonds between cities and nature through innovative infrastructure projects. It's time to think differently about cities and nature. More people than ever live in cities, and all of this urban growth, along with challenges of adapting to climate change, will require a new approach to infrastructure if we're going to create livable urban places. After presenting a broad approach to incorporating natural infrastructure priorities into urban planning, he focuses each following chapter on a specific ecosystem service. He describes a wide variety of benefits, and helps practitioners answer fundamental questions about how to use natural infrastructure to create communities that are more resilient and livable.

  11. Spatial Planning in Perspective of Good Governance (A Study on Analysis of Spatial Planning in Batu City as a Tourism City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Retno Wulan Sekarsari

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Spatial planning is an effort to improve the welfare of the community and to ensure environmental sustainability by taking into account the comparative advantages in an area and minimizing the development gap by reducing slums, and poor and underdeveloped areas. Regional Spatial Planning Policy is a kind of policy product to control the level of environmental damage and the disorganized development and growth in a city or regency. The role of Batu City Government is to realize Batu City space that is safe, comfortable, productive and sustainable as a superior agropolitan city and tourism city in East Java Province. This article utilized Good Governance Perspective and System Theory to analyze the formulation of Regional Spatial Planning Policy in Batu City. This article firstly explained about tourism development, and secondly described the authority and responsibility of stakeholders in spatial planning formulation. The third part clarified good governance perspective on spatial planning in Batu City and analyzed supporting and inhibiting factors in spatial planning formulation in Batu City. The findings showed that only some actors and factors had strong influence over the formulation of Regional Spatial Planning Policy. Keywords: Good Governace, Governace Perspective, Spatial Planning, Tourism City, Batu City

  12. Transport policy-making and planning Javanese cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dimitriou, H.

    1995-12-31

    Based on findings of field studies in five Javanese cities in Indonesia, this paper looks at a hierarchy of settlements and investigates what aspects of urban development and the transport sector most influences transport policy-making and planning in the country. The paper highlights the presence of a community hierarchy within these settlements with consonant trip-making patterns and the widespread mis-use of certain transport modes. The paper cross-relates observed transport problems and policy issues diagnosed from the five Javanese cities with an earlier prepared national agenda of urban transport policy issues and problems. This is done with a view to arriving at more sensitive policy and planning responses nationwide for cities of different kinds in Indonesia. The paper commences with an explanation of the settlement hierarchy and community structure employed by Indonesian government planners. An attempt is then made to relate this hierarchy and structure to the five cities studied. Within this context, factors affecting urban transport are discussed and tabulated against the above cities settlement hierarchy. These include aspects of: settlement size, structure and area; settlement development policy, urban for, density and topography; and travel and transport characteristics. An attempt is made to match this settlement hierarchy (and its constituent community structure) with a conceptualized hierarchy of transport modes, simultaneously investigating: the relationship between urban communities and assigned road hierarchies; community-based travel demand and trip-making characteristics; and the relationship between travel, speed and distance. From this an assessment is made of the performance and current use and mis-use of such transport modes.

  13. Plan for city identity establishment and city marketing the case of Kimpo city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Inn

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to provide theoretical methods and practical strategies of crea-ting city identity, and to utilize them as basic tools of city management. Place marketing consists of two parts, place assets making and place promotion. Place asset making is the process of making the place-specific advantage or attractiveness and the place promotion is the process that makes notice of it. The place marketing debates and strategies is quite often confined to partial place marketing, the search for the tactical method of place promotion. However, this study examines the characteristics of full place marketing focused on the place making such as the background, concept, category, participants and principles of place making. This study finds out that the originality, specificity, and indispensability of place asset is the source of competitive advantage. The principles of place asset making are participation, learning and experience, and leadership and networks among actors. The policy implication of this study is that it is most important for the success of place marke-ting to make competitive assets and eventual city identity.

  14. Sustainable winter cities: Future directions for planning, policy and design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pressman, Norman E. P.

    Attempts to generate a "climate-responsive" northern urban form are part of a relatively recent phenomenon and field of investigation. In conjunction with the international "winter cities" movement, the need has been established for explicit, systematic inquiry directed toward national and local action to improve the comfort and lifestyles of all northern inhabitants. It is important to recognize that winter-induced discomforts exist and that they must be acknowledged in planning theory and practice. For northern cities to function more satisfactorily, the negative impacts of winter must be reduced while its beneficial characteristics are enhanced. While not all summer activities can or should be abandoned during winter, proper micro-climatic control is essential if human life is to be retained outside. The outdoor season should be extended since so much indoor isolation occurs. The main principles to be incorporated in exemplary "winter city" design should be contact with nature, year-round usability, user participation, cultural continuity, and the creation of comfortable micro-climatic conditions throughout much of the city's open spaces. All valuable sources of inspiration must be harnessed in the attempt to mediate between organic regionalism and internationalism, on the one hand, and romanticism and pragmatic realism, on the other. Creating optimum conditions for human well-being, habitation, work and intellectual development in each of the four seasons is vital under harsh environments. Adopting a climate-sensitive approach to planning policy and urban design can render everyday life less stressful, especially during the lengthy winter periods found in many northern latitude and high altitude settings.

  15. Plan for city identity establishment and city marketing - the case of Kimpo city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Inn

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to provide theoretical methods and practical strategies of creatingcity identity, and to utilize them as basic tools of city management. Place marketingconsists of two parts, place assets making and place promotion. Place asset making is theprocess of making the place-specific advantage or attractiveness and the place promotion isthe process that makes notice of it. The place marketing debates and strategies is quite oftenconfined to partial place marketing, the search for the tactical method of place promotion.However, this study examines the characteristics of full place marketing focused on theplace making such as the background, concept, category, participants and principles ofplace making. This study finds out that the originality, specificity, and indispensability ofplace asset is the source of competitive advantage. The principles of place asset making areparticipation, learning and experience, and leadership and networks among actors. Thepolicy implication of this study is that it is most important for the success of place marketingto make competitive assets and eventual city identity.

  16. Long-term surveillance plan for the Falls City Disposal Site, Falls City, Texas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This long-term surveillance plan (LTSP) for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Falls City disposal site, Falls City, Texas, describes the surveillance activities for the disposal site. DOE will carry out these activities to ensure that the disposal cell continues to function as designed. This LTSP was prepared as a requirement for acceptance under the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) general license for custody and long-term care of residual radioactive materials. This LTSP documents whether the land and interests are owned by the United States and details how long-term care of the disposal site will be carried out. It is based on the DOE's Guidance for Implementing the UMTRA Project Long-term Surveillance Program (DOE, 1992a)

  17. Long-term Surveillance Plan for the Falls City Disposal Site, Falls City, Texas. Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-08-01

    This long-term surveillance plan (LTSP) for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Falls City disposal site, Falls City, Texas, describes the surveillance activities for the disposal site. The US Department of Energy (DOE) will carry out these activities to ensure that the disposal cell continues to function as designed. This LTSP was prepared as a requirement for acceptance under the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) general license for custody and long-term care of residual radioactive materials. This LTSP documents whether the land and interests are owned by the United States and details how long-term care of the disposal site will be carried out. It is based on the DOE`s Guidance for Implementing the UMTRA Project Long-term Surveillance Program (DOE, 1992a).

  18. Long-term surveillance plan for the Falls City Disposal Site, Falls City, Texas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    This long-term surveillance plan (LTSP) for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Falls City disposal site, Falls City, Texas, describes the surveillance activities for the disposal site. DOE will carry out these activities to ensure that the disposal cell continues to function as designed. This LTSP was prepared as a requirement for acceptance under the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) general license for custody and long-term care of residual radioactive materials. This LTSP documents whether the land and interests are owned by the United States and details how long-term care of the disposal site will be carried out. It is based on the DOE`s Guidance for Implementing the UMTRA Project Long-term Surveillance Program (DOE, 1992a).

  19. The Role of Tourism in Planning the Smart City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Anna La Rocca

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The article starts from the consideration that tourism, for the size it has assumed and for its role in the economies, can be considered an "urban phenomenon"; as such, it needs adequate governance processes, politics and tools in order to reduce impacts on the organization of cities and urban livability in general. The emerging paradigm of “Smart City” is an opportunity to reconsider the current mechanisms of government and planning of the cities, but it needs a holistic approach that goes beyond the one applied per parts that still seems to prevail in the declination of the components of urban smartness (economy, mobility, environment, people, living, governance. At present, the technological component seems to prevail probably due to the ease of diffusion of the instruments, rather than an innovation of the processes. Promotion initiatives seems to concentrate exclusively on the city branding, rather than on initiatives to make cities able to support an additional urban load expressed by the tourism demand. Yet, potentialities of the application of new technologies could strengthen the decisional role in defining adequate urban policies to manage urban tourism and to optimize urban supply of services and facilities. However, at present, urban smartness for tourism seems to be concentrated on the amount of apps available to enhance the use of specific resources or, more rarely, of the urban mobility systems. Both the “big data” and the “open data” revolution, in Italy, do not yet seem to have achieved the hoped results, and the availability of data to allow appropriate management actions, is still one of the main difficulties for those involved in the analysis and quantification of the phenomenon. In addition, the numerous rankings on urban smartness refer to the prevalence of one component on the others, failing to consider the complexity of the urban system and of tourism, in particular. With these premises, the article tries to

  20. A greedy-navigator approach to navigable city plans

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Sang Hoon

    2012-01-01

    We use a set of four theoretical navigability indices for street maps to investigate the shape of the resulting street networks, if they are grown by optimizing these indices. The indices compare the performance of simulated navigators (having a partial information about the surroundings, like humans in many real situations) to the performance of optimally navigating individuals. We show that our simple greedy shortcut construction strategy generates the emerging structures that are different from real road network, but not inconceivable. The resulting city plans, for all navigation indices, share common qualitative properties such as the tendency for triangular blocks to appear, while the more quantitative features, such as degree distributions and clustering, are characteristically different depending on the type of metrics and routing strategies. We show that it is the type of metrics used which determines the overall shapes characterized by structural heterogeneity, but the routing schemes contribute to m...

  1. Evaluation report I: conservation evaluation plan. [Seattle City Light

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-01-01

    This volume, the first of a two-volume report on conservation evaluation, contains the Conservation Office's evaluation plan as of January 1979. It sets forth the rationale, scope, and direction which will guide the evaluation of City Light's conservation effort during 1979. The contents include: the Project Evaluation Research Reports (an investigation into evaluation theory and literature, an adaptation of that theory to conservation project evaluation, and a sample evaluation); the Project Evaluation Report Format (a guideline for the preparation of Evaluation Reports for conservation projects); the Project Evaluation Report Schedule (a timetable for the completion of Evaluation Reports for individual projects in 1979); the Project Evaluation Data Collection and Analysis Plans (guidelines for obtaining and analyzing data that will be used to evaluate each project); a Draft Scope of Work for the Evaluation Consultant RFP (a description of the assistance to be obtained in evaluation from an experienced consultant); and a Memorandum on Conservation Program Evaluation (a discussion of the directions that calculation of total electrical energy savings is likely to take).

  2. Venturing into unknown territory: Strategic spatial planning in post-communist cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sasha Tsenkova

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent planning practice in post-communist cities indicates a growing interest in strategic spatial planning. In their search for new planning paradigms and more flexible approaches to city planning, municipalities in post-communist cities have embraced strategic planning as a way to involve residents, the business community and various stakeholders in defining a vision for the future. Drawing on the experience of six capital cities – Prague, St Petersburg, Vilnius, Sofia, Budapest and Riga – this article outlines the essential characteristics of the process (planning and the product (a strategic plan. It establishes clear links between the strategic development process, its institutional framework and the hierarchical structure of goals, objectives and actions. Using a framework for strategic spatial planning in the context of rapid economic, social and governance change, the study evaluates the results of the process, focusing on “what” and “how” in the complex reality of planning. The framework applies the traditional strategic planning model, which establishes relationships between past, present and future to design alternative strategies for plan implementation, but in a much more unstable and unpredictable institutional environment. The research highlights the responsiveness of strategic planning to transition imperatives and its ability to define contextually appropriate multidimensional strategies for the spatial development of post-communist cities.

  3. Health Aspects of Climate Change in Cities with Mediterranean Climate, and Local Adaptation Plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paz, Shlomit; Negev, Maya; Clermont, Alexandra; Green, Manfred S

    2016-04-01

    Cities with a Mediterranean-type climate (Med-cities) are particularly susceptible to health risks from climate change since they are located in biogeographical hot-spots that experience some of the strongest effects of the changing climate. The study aims to highlight health impacts of climate change in Med-cities, analyze local climate adaptation plans and make adaptation policy recommendations for the Med-city level. We identified five Med-cities with a climate change adaptation plan: Adelaide, Barcelona, Cape Town, Los Angeles and Santiago. Beyond their similar Med-climate features (although Santiago's are slightly different), the cities have different socio-economic characteristics in various aspects. We analyzed each plan according to how it addresses climate change-related drivers of health impacts among city dwellers. For each driver, we identified the types of policy adaptation tools that address it in the urban climate adaptation plans. The surveyed cities address most of the fundamental climate change-related drivers of risks to human health, including rising temperatures, flooding and drought, but the policy measures to reduce negative impacts vary across cities. We suggest recommendations for Med-cities in various aspects, depending on their local needs and vulnerability challenges: assessment of health risks, extreme events management and long-term adaptation, among others.

  4. Health Aspects of Climate Change in Cities with Mediterranean Climate, and Local Adaptation Plans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shlomit Paz

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Cities with a Mediterranean-type climate (Med-cities are particularly susceptible to health risks from climate change since they are located in biogeographical hot-spots that experience some of the strongest effects of the changing climate. The study aims to highlight health impacts of climate change in Med-cities, analyze local climate adaptation plans and make adaptation policy recommendations for the Med-city level. We identified five Med-cities with a climate change adaptation plan: Adelaide, Barcelona, Cape Town, Los Angeles and Santiago. Beyond their similar Med-climate features (although Santiago’s are slightly different, the cities have different socio-economic characteristics in various aspects. We analyzed each plan according to how it addresses climate change-related drivers of health impacts among city dwellers. For each driver, we identified the types of policy adaptation tools that address it in the urban climate adaptation plans. The surveyed cities address most of the fundamental climate change-related drivers of risks to human health, including rising temperatures, flooding and drought, but the policy measures to reduce negative impacts vary across cities. We suggest recommendations for Med-cities in various aspects, depending on their local needs and vulnerability challenges: assessment of health risks, extreme events management and long-term adaptation, among others.

  5. Health Aspects of Climate Change in Cities with Mediterranean Climate, and Local Adaptation Plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paz, Shlomit; Negev, Maya; Clermont, Alexandra; Green, Manfred S

    2016-04-01

    Cities with a Mediterranean-type climate (Med-cities) are particularly susceptible to health risks from climate change since they are located in biogeographical hot-spots that experience some of the strongest effects of the changing climate. The study aims to highlight health impacts of climate change in Med-cities, analyze local climate adaptation plans and make adaptation policy recommendations for the Med-city level. We identified five Med-cities with a climate change adaptation plan: Adelaide, Barcelona, Cape Town, Los Angeles and Santiago. Beyond their similar Med-climate features (although Santiago's are slightly different), the cities have different socio-economic characteristics in various aspects. We analyzed each plan according to how it addresses climate change-related drivers of health impacts among city dwellers. For each driver, we identified the types of policy adaptation tools that address it in the urban climate adaptation plans. The surveyed cities address most of the fundamental climate change-related drivers of risks to human health, including rising temperatures, flooding and drought, but the policy measures to reduce negative impacts vary across cities. We suggest recommendations for Med-cities in various aspects, depending on their local needs and vulnerability challenges: assessment of health risks, extreme events management and long-term adaptation, among others. PMID:27110801

  6. The Practice and Issues of Administration on Participate Community Planning : A Case Study on Making Community Planning of Naha City

    OpenAIRE

    Yokoyama, Yoshiharu; Ikeda, Takayuki; 池田, 孝之

    2000-01-01

    Citizen participation in community planning is becoming more important. The purpose of this study is to clarify the issues of administration on citizen participation through making the general plan of Naha City.The issues are summarized as follows:1. To practice citizen participation in aggressive community planning and to create a new system that materializes the citizens' proposal.2. To adopt citizens' autonomous activities about community planning more briskly and to support the activities...

  7. Strategies to connect and integrate urban planning and environmental planning through focusing on sustainability: case study of Cheongju City, Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Ban, Yong Un

    2007-01-01

    This study has intended to find strategies which connect and integrate urban planning and environmental conservation planning through acquiring sustainability applied to Cheongju City, a local government of Korea. To overcome inefficiency happened during the process of urban and environmental planning practice in Korea, it is necessary to find strategies to integrate both planning practices through focusing on 'sustainable urban development.' This study, therefore, has suggested to make 's...

  8. Annual Conference of China City Planning 2012 & First Meeting of Second Editorial Board of China City Planning Review Held in Kunmin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIAN Fang

    2012-01-01

    <正>On Oct. 17, 2012, the Annual Conferenceof China City Planning 2012 that was cohosted by Urban Planning Society of China (UPSC) and Kunming Municipal Government, in collaboration with the Department of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of Yunnan, and sponsored by Kunming Planning Bureau was launched in Yunnan Convention Center, with the theme of "Di-versity and Inclusiveness" WANG Guang-tao, Chairman of Environment Protection and Resources Conservation

  9. Planning regulations in the USA and their implications on urban design in the central city zone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinić Milena

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available At the beginning of the 20th century, urban planning of the American cities was founded on the strong capitalist system and vast available land area. After a long period of planning, which was suited for the use of automobiles, nowadays the deficiencies both in the urban structure and social sphere are very obvious. Modern planning is striving to prescribe guidelines for urban design and thus create a continuity of cityscape and emphasize the pedestrian character of the area, particularly in central city zones. Town planning in the USA comprises local regulations which are suited to the needs of individual cities. Particularly important are the implications which certain town planning regulations have on the design of physical structures in the central city zone, which is the research goal of this paper.

  10. A Study on History of Early Modern City Planning of Qingdao (1891-1949)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Once a traditional fishing village, Qingdao was developed into a city by the Qing Government to serve the need for coastal defense. The process was later accelerated due to the introduction of city planning by German colonizers. The city’s planning and urban construction was changed many times in early modern times, dominated by different administrative bodies and proceeding independently from other cities. After 58 years of planning and construction from 1891 to 1949, Qingdao has developed into a large city with integral style and seaport features. Based on an abundance of historical materials, this paper discusses the three major historical stages and seven development phases of Qingdao’s urban planning in the early modern times, as well as the planning content and characteristics of each stage.

  11. Study on Promotion of City Public Security and Improvement of City Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>1. Problems existing in city publicsecurity The city public security (CPS) refers tothe security guarantee provided and led by governments for the people, property,as well as important lifeline systems of

  12. UMTRA Project water sampling and analysis plan, Salt Lake City, Utah. Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    This water sampling and analysis plan describes planned, routine ground water sampling activities at the US Department of Energy Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project site in Salt Lake City, Utah. This plan identifies and justifies sampling locations, analytical parameters, detection limits, and sampling frequencies for routine monitoring of ground water, sediments, and surface waters at monitoring stations on the site.

  13. Long-term surveillance plan for the Falls City Disposal Site, Falls City, Texas. Revision 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The need for ground water monitoring at the Falls City disposal site was evaluated in accordance with NRC regulations and guidelines established by the DOE in Guidance for Implementing the Long-term Surveillance Program for UMTRA Project Title 1 Disposal Sites (DOE, 1996). Based on evaluation of site characterization data, it has been determined that a program to monitor ground water for demonstration of disposal cell performance based on a set of concentration limits is not appropriate because ground water in the uppermost aquifer is of limited use, and a narrative supplemental standard has been applied to the site that does not include numerical concentration limits or a point of compliance. The limited use designation is based on the fact that ground water in the uppermost aquifer is not currently or potentially a source of drinking water in the area because it contains widespread ambient contamination that cannot be cleaned up using methods reasonably employed by public water supply systems. Background ground water quality varies by orders of magnitude since the aquifer is in an area of redistribution of uranium mineralization derived from ore bodies. The DOE plans to perform post-closure ground water monitoring in the uppermost aquifer as a best management practice (BMP) as requested by the state of Texas

  14. Long-term surveillance plan for the Falls City Disposal Site, Falls City, Texas. Revision 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-11-01

    The need for ground water monitoring at the Falls City disposal site was evaluated in accordance with NRC regulations and guidelines established by the DOE in Guidance for Implementing the Long-term Surveillance Program for UMTRA Project Title 1 Disposal Sites (DOE, 1996). Based on evaluation of site characterization data, it has been determined that a program to monitor ground water for demonstration of disposal cell performance based on a set of concentration limits is not appropriate because ground water in the uppermost aquifer is of limited use, and a narrative supplemental standard has been applied to the site that does not include numerical concentration limits or a point of compliance. The limited use designation is based on the fact that ground water in the uppermost aquifer is not currently or potentially a source of drinking water in the area because it contains widespread ambient contamination that cannot be cleaned up using methods reasonably employed by public water supply systems. Background ground water quality varies by orders of magnitude since the aquifer is in an area of redistribution of uranium mineralization derived from ore bodies. The DOE plans to perform post-closure ground water monitoring in the uppermost aquifer as a best management practice (BMP) as requested by the state of Texas.

  15. Planning for sustainability in China's urban development: status and challenges for Dongtan eco-city project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Hefa; Hu, Yuanan

    2010-01-01

    With the rapid urbanization in China, the country faces significant challenges in sustainable urban development and actively explores novel ways to expand urban areas while conserving natural resources. Radical changes in city planning are being made to switch to sustainable development, with new cities being designed to be ecologically friendly guided by principles like carbon neutrality and self-sufficiency. This paper introduces the development of the Dongtan eco-city project on Chongming Island, Shanghai and describes how it addresses issues including energy, water, waste, transportation, ecosystem, and social and economic development in its design. The lessons and challenges of eco-city development based on the Dongtan experience are also discussed. If the vision of a zero-carbon emissions sustainable city is successfully realized, Dongtan will serve as a model for developing similar cities across China and the rest of the developing world. Currently, the development of this project is behind schedule and whether the eco-city plan will materialize or not is in question. Even though the project remains mostly on the drawing boards, the planning and preliminary development of Dongtan eco-city have generated significant enthusiasm for green buildings and influenced plans for other sustainable urban development projects in China. PMID:20082005

  16. Information models of planning strategies for reconstruction and modernization of RSC in the historic city

    OpenAIRE

    Choban, Oksana; Demkiv, Myron

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the work was the development of information models planning strategies for reconstruction and modernization of RSC (railway station complex) historical cities. As a result it was formed a system of the planning model for the strategy of reconstruction and modernization of the RSC, which is the theoretical basis for the selection and design of the strategies for reconstruction and modernization of RSC in the historic city.

  17. POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS TO ACTUAL URBAN ISSUES OF CITY PLANNING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Владимир Александрович Беляков

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the problems of modern urban development. We discuss the necessity of transition to new system of urban design and examples of new concepts of ideal cities of the future .

  18. Ankara Historic City Centre Restoration Site Conservation Plan, its Characteristics, and Rationales for its Revocation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Tuncer

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This is a comprehensive evaluation of the 1: 5000 Ankara Historic City Centre Restoration Site Conservation Master Development Plan and the 1: 1000 Conservation Implementation Plans, which have become a matter of litigation against the Ankara Metropolitan Municipality, filed by various non-governmental organizations, universities, the Union of Chambers of Turkish Architects and Engineers (TMMOB and public institutions; in terms of the environment, transportation and traffic as regards the entirety of the planned location, and the integrity of the plan, based on conservation-reclamation planning essentials and public interest. Thus the Ulus Ankara Historic City Centre Restoration Site Conservation Master Development and Implementation Plan and Plan Notes as ratified by the Ankara Metropolitan Municipality and Conservation Board, are examined in this context in terms of restoration site, protected site, conservation site, interaction and transition sites and historic and cultural properties.

  19. The Energy Master Plan: Transition to self-sufficient city regions by means of an approach to local energy potentials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van den Dobbelsteen, A.A.J.F.; Broersma, S.; Tillie, N.M.J.D.; Fremouw, M.A.

    2014-01-01

    City regions and metropolitan areas form the scale on which the battle for will be won or lost, and the level at which cities can become resilient and even self-sufficient. A master plan for a sustainable energy system for city regions is not a luxury anymore. An energy master plan will be based on

  20. The Linkage of Urban and Energy Planning for Sustainable Cities: The Case of Denmark and Germany

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Jens-Phillip

    2016-01-01

    to increase society’s energy-efficiency; this has a high significance to reach GHG-reduction targets. In this paper the actual linkage of urban planning and energy planning in Denmark and Germany was assessed; substantive barriers preventing their integration and driving factors that lead to successful...... implemented. Municipalities, as local authorities and responsible entity for land-use planning, have a direct influence on urban patterns and energy use, which makes them key actors in the transition towards sustainable cities. Hence, synchronizing urban planning with energy planning offers great potential...... transitions towards a holistic urban energy planning procedures were identified....

  1. European Healthy City Network Phase V: patterns emerging for healthy urban planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Marcus

    2015-06-01

    There is a tradition of planning cities and their infrastructure to successfully tackle communicable disease arising from urban development. Non-communicable disease follows a different course. Development brings in its wake a basket of adverse health and health equity outcomes that are proving difficult to tackle. In response, within Phase V of the European Healthy Cities Network, municipalities have implemented a range of policy and physical interventions using a settings approach. Owing to the time lag between physical interventions and health outcomes, this research interrogates city activity itself to develop better understanding. Self-reported city case studies and questionnaire data were analysed to reveal patterns using an inductive approach. Findings indicate that some categories of intervention, such as whole city planning and transport, have a systemic impact across the wider determinants of health. Addressing transferability and stakeholder understanding helped cities create conditions for successful outcomes. Cities had varying urban development approaches for tackling climate change. Improvements to current practice are discussed, including; a distinction between supply side and demand side in healthy urban planning; valuing co-benefits and developing integrative approaches to the evidence-base. This evaluative article is important for cities wanting to learn how to maximize benefits to public health through urban development and for researchers exploring, with a systemic approach, the experiences of European cities acting at the interface of urban development and public health. This article also provides recommendations for future phases of the WHO European Healthy Cities programme, posing questions to better address governance and equity in spatial planning.

  2. 3 CFR - Mexico City Policy and Assistance for Voluntary Population Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Population Planning Presidential Documents Other Presidential Documents Memorandum of January 23, 2009 Mexico City Policy and Assistance for Voluntary Population Planning Memorandum for the Secretary of State the... subsequently extended the policy to “voluntary population planning” assistance provided by the Department...

  3. Energy-Integrating Master Plan for the City of Atlantic City, New Jersey: energy conservation element. Volume 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-11-01

    The Master Plan describes a coordinated energy-conservation effort for the City, the effective application and ultimate success of which depend primarily on the active involvement of the City government and its functional departments. Following an introductory section, Section XXI, Community Energy Determinants, describes the natural and man-made environment, growth and energy profiles, and the institutional environment. Additional sections are entitled: Energy-Conservation Options (passive energy options and active energy-conservation options); Energy Integration; Community Energy Management; Energy-Conservation Implementation Plan; and an appendix containing an energy-related glossary, a directory to various sources of information on energy conservation, various technical documents, a copy of the National Energy Act, and a bibliography. (MCW)

  4. Urban planning practices for bikeable cities - the case of Copenhagen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Thomas Alexander Sick; Skov-Petersen, Hans; Agervig Carstensen, Trine

    2013-01-01

    Cities are increasingly looking to cycling as a means to promote sustainability, liveability, and public health. Denmark is one of the European countries where cycling has remained significant – even in the motor age, and national strategies now aim to support and further increase cycling. The ar...

  5. Planning and design of a green city in Kaixian for population relocation of Three Gorges Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZENG Wei; JIANG Jia-long; John KOCH-SCHULTE; Neol LEE

    2008-01-01

    We describe the green space system planning and design of a new Kaixian City for migrants in the Three Gorges Reservoir area of P.R.China. The goal of the project was to provide a high quality settlement for migrants relocated from the old Kaixian City that had a history of over one thousand years and from other places with different traditional cultures. Our efforts focused on conceiving affordable strategies to increase green areas, improve waterfront landscapes, deal with water level fluctuation,integrate diverse folk cultures, and encourage bicycling as an environmentally-friendly form of urban transportation.The new city is anticipated to benefit from the green space systems with an improved eco-environment, enriched tourism resources, cheap landscaping costs, relief from traffic pressure, and in other ways. The planning philosophies employed could be useful in the engineering and construction of other cities in the Three Gorges Reservoir area.

  6. Planning support concept to implementation of sustainable parking development projects in ancient Mediterranean cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikša Jajac

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a planning support concept (PSC to implementation of sustainable parking development projects (SPDP in ancient Mediterranean cities. It is conceptualized by the logic of decision support systems and a multicriteria analysis approach. The purpose of the concept is to support setting of implementation priorities for subprojects (construction of new and/or improvement of existing parking within a SPDP. Analysing the existing and a planned state of parking within the city a goal tree is established. Subprojects are defined accordingly. Objectives from the last hierarchy level within the goal tree are used as criteria for assessment of defined subprojects. Representatives of stakeholders provided criteria weights by application of AHP and SAW methods. PROMETHEE II was used for priority ranking and PROMETHEE V ensured a definition of project’s implementation phases. The result of the presented concept is the implementation plan for such projects. The concept is tested on the city of Trogir.

  7. Exploring Dynamic Maintenance of Detailed Control Planning in Central City of Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Because the understanding of urban development principles is a continuously deepening process,the Detailed Control Planning(DCP) also needs to be improved in the implementation process.For many years,the city of Beijing has made great efforts in this regard and established a dynamic maintenance mechanism for the DCP of the Central City in 2007.This enabled constant improvement and revision of the regulatory plans based on urban economic and social development as well as actual demands.This paper analyzes the formulation and execution of the DCP for the Central City of Beijing since 1999,discussing its evolution and development,as well as its practical application and a general explration of the planning work.It focuses upon the philosophy and mechanisms of dynamic maintenance.By drawing on previous experiences and lessons,it provides ideas and examples for the future management,formulation and implementation of the DCP.

  8. Data analytics for simplifying thermal efficiency planning in cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdolhosseini Qomi, Mohammad Javad; Noshadravan, Arash; Sobstyl, Jake M; Toole, Jameson; Ferreira, Joseph; Pellenq, Roland J-M; Ulm, Franz-Josef; Gonzalez, Marta C

    2016-04-01

    More than 44% of building energy consumption in the USA is used for space heating and cooling, and this accounts for 20% of national CO2emissions. This prompts the need to identify among the 130 million households in the USA those with the greatest energy-saving potential and the associated costs of the path to reach that goal. Whereas current solutions address this problem by analysing each building in detail, we herein reduce the dimensionality of the problem by simplifying the calculations of energy losses in buildings. We present a novel inference method that can be used via a ranking algorithm that allows us to estimate the potential energy saving for heating purposes. To that end, we only need consumption from records of gas bills integrated with a building's footprint. The method entails a statistical screening of the intricate interplay between weather, infrastructural and residents' choice variables to determine building gas consumption and potential savings at a city scale. We derive a general statistical pattern of consumption in an urban settlement, reducing it to a set of the most influential buildings' parameters that operate locally. By way of example, the implications are explored using records of a set of (N= 6200) buildings in Cambridge, MA, USA, which indicate that retrofitting only 16% of buildings entails a 40% reduction in gas consumption of the whole building stock. We find that the inferred heat loss rate of buildings exhibits a power-law data distribution akin to Zipf's law, which provides a means to map an optimum path for gas savings per retrofit at a city scale. These findings have implications for improving the thermal efficiency of cities' building stock, as outlined by current policy efforts seeking to reduce home heating and cooling energy consumption and lower associated greenhouse gas emissions. PMID:27097652

  9. Planning the Green Walkable City: Conceptualizing Values and Conflicts for Urban Green Space Strategies in Stockholm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Littke

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Urban green spaces are essential elements of cities, contributing to the quality of life in numerous ways. However, densification strategies create a complex relationship between urban development and the quality, as well as the quantity, of urban green space. This paper examines the Green Walkable City Programme in Stockholm, a document developed to supplement the comprehensive plan as a strategic backbone for green urban planning. Based on interviews and content analysis, this paper identifies and discusses concerns raised in the development of the planning programme, and addresses the importance of urban green space for citizens’ well-being. The new comprehensive plan has introduced a shift in the attitude towards the urban green space in Stockholm. The need for urban growth is used to justify development of green fields, and a focus on the quality, rather than the quantity, of urban green space is promoted. Despite this progress, the public requests definitions for this quality approach and fears that nature within the city will be “parkified”. Therefore, this paper offers a critical reflection on the role of the Green Walkable City Programme, its situation within the context of Swedish green urban planning, and various areas of concern that have been highlighted.

  10. U.S. Department of Energy clean cities five-year strategic plan.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cambridge Concord Associates

    2011-02-15

    Clean Cities is a government-industry partnership sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Vehicle Technologies Program, which is part of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. Working with its network of about 100 local coalitions and more than 6,500 stakeholders across the country, Clean Cities delivers on its mission to reduce petroleum consumption in on-road transportation. In its work to reduce petroleum use, Clean Cities focuses on a portfolio of technologies that includes electric drive, propane, natural gas, renewable natural gas/biomethane, ethanol/E85, biodiesel/B20 and higher-level blends, fuel economy, and idle reduction. Over the past 17 years, Clean Cities coalitions have displaced more than 2.4 billion gallons of petroleum; they are on track to displace 2.5 billion gallons of gasoline per year by 2020. This Clean Cities Strategic Plan lays out an aggressive five-year agenda to help DOE Clean Cities and its network of coalitions and stakeholders accelerate the deployment of alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles, while also expanding the supporting infrastructure to reduce petroleum use. Today, Clean Cities has a far larger opportunity to make an impact than at any time in its history because of its unprecedented $300 million allocation for community-based deployment projects from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) (see box below). Moreover, the Clean Cities annual budget has risen to $25 million for FY2010 and $35 million has been requested for FY2011. Designed as a living document, this strategic plan is grounded in the understanding that priorities will change annually as evolving technical, political, economic, business, and social considerations are woven into project decisions and funding allocations. The plan does not intend to lock Clean Cities into pathways that cannot change. Instead, with technology deployment at its core, the plan serves as a guide for decision-making at both the

  11. Creating a GIS Application for Retail Facilities Planning in Jeddah City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulkader A. Murad

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The aim of this study is to create a GIS application for retail facilities planning in Saudi Arabia. Jeddah city has been selected as a case study representing a major commercial city in Saudi Arabia. Approach: The crated application covers several retail planning analysis issues. These issues are divided in to two major groups called the city scale retail planning and the retail center market area. The former covers defining the location and the distribution of all retail centers in Jeddah city and classifying retail centers based on size and area. Meanwhile, the latter includes defining the spatial distribution of retail demand of selected centers and identifying the primary catchment area of the selected retail centers. In order to build this application, a survey is made for selected retail demand and GIS address geocoding function is used to convert the address data of retail demand into points features. In addition, GIS network analysis is used in this application to produce drive time based trade areas for the selected retail centers. Results: Retail centers were classified in Jeddah city as three groups called small centers (has less than 100 shops, medium centers (has 100-200 shops and large centers (has more than 200 shops. Conclusion: Based on this application, retail planner in Jeddah city can easily identify the pattern and trends of all retail centers in Jeddah city. The created application can be used by retail planners in Jeddah city for evaluating retail market and for identifying market segments that the retail centers are under-serving.

  12. Pedestrian Planning in City Centers: a Study of Guimarães and Braga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khan Rubayet Rahaman

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available People are walking in cities for different reasons. Some walkers walk for going to work, some are walking for shopping and some are for leisure during day and night hours. Medium sized cities like Braga and Guimarães in Portugal are depending on car for even shorter trips up to 2 kilometers. However, the walkways are allowing people to walk in convenient and safe way including late night environment. The pedestrians feel troublesome to walk on the footpaths because of illegal parking and discontinuation of walkways. Municipality transport plans and master plans do not incorporate pedestrians as a major component. But this egress mode of transportation is very important in medium sized city centers like Guimarães and Braga for the people to enjoy city centers’ activities. This paper focuses on the types of walkers who use the walkways on a regular basis. Usually, people are feeling comfortable to walk when they go to clubs and bars in a group in these small cities especially after work. This paper again tries to focus the varieties of problems on walkways and to present policies that can improve the situation. Municipal master plan and transportation plan have been studied carefully to see the provisions of pedestrian planning options. Field surveys have been conducted both in form of questionnaire and observation during the end of 2009 and results show different patterns of pedestrian behavior as well as evidence that people get different experiences with problems while walking on the walkways in both surveyed towns. Considering the issues of sustainable mobility, this paper also tries to suggest policies to motivate more people to walk especially in the medium-sized cities of Portugal.

  13. PRESENTATION: ARCHITECTURE, ARCHAEOLOGY AND CONTEMPORARY CITY PLANNING “State of knowledge in the digital age”

    OpenAIRE

    Giorgio VERDIANI; Cornell, Per; Rodriguez-Navarro, Pablo

    2015-01-01

    In discussions on urbanism, the need to involve new actors has been a major theme of recent debate. In this field, throughout Europe, various ways of allowing citizens to take a more direct part in planning is stressed. It is also important to look at the role or lack of role played by particular research fields. Architecture plays a major role in city planning. While archaeology has become increasingly involved in field projects in urban environments, the discipline seldom plays an important...

  14. CREATIVE BUZZ DISTRICTS IN SMART CITIES: URBAN RETRO-FITTING AND URBAN FORWARD-FITTING PLANS

    OpenAIRE

    Karima Kourtit; Peter Nijkamp

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a new methodology for evaluating ‘urban buzz’ districts as part of a general urban rehabilitation policy, in which forward-fitting plans are incorporated and play a key role. Such plans are part of smart city initiatives based on a blend of creativeness and intelligence. The so-called decompositional evaluation method based on a multicriteria analysis is illustrated for a case study in Amsterdam, viz. the NDSM area.

  15. Monitoring the Impact of Urban Physical Development Plans On Old Sites of Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abolfazl Meshkini

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The interventional plans are one of the most influential policies which affected the socio-economic and physical fabric of the old parts of the Iranian cities. While the foundation of old areas of many cities are based on the socio-historical values which has unique compatibility with the cultural background, the new urban development plans notably comprehensive and detailed, have not been integrated to such values. Approach: This study investigated the impact of urban development plans on the historic structure of Sanandaj city in Kurdistan province by using a descriptive-analytical method. Results: The results revealed several different and negative consequences, which included disintegration of the neighborhood organization, erosion of old urban fabric and the decline of identity and attachment to the traditional environment. Conclusion: The prevailed interventional policy imposed a modern circulation network into the old sites which now is criticized as copy of Hussmannian style. The internal parts of the city have experienced physical transition along with urban sprawl during the last 40 years which led to disintegration of social and spatial fabric of the city.

  16. Self-organization versus top-down planning in the evolution of a city

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barthelemy, Marc; Bordin, Patricia; Berestycki, Henri; Gribaudi, Maurizio

    2013-07-01

    Interventions of central, top-down planning are serious limitations to the possibility of modelling the dynamics of cities. An example is the city of Paris (France), which during the 19th century experienced large modifications supervised by a central authority, the `Haussmann period'. In this article, we report an empirical analysis of more than 200 years (1789-2010) of the evolution of the street network of Paris. We show that the usual network measures display a smooth behavior and that the most important quantitative signatures of central planning is the spatial reorganization of centrality and the modification of the block shape distribution. Such effects can only be obtained by structural modifications at a large-scale level, with the creation of new roads not constrained by the existing geometry. The evolution of a city thus seems to result from the superimposition of continuous, local growth processes and punctual changes operating at large spatial scales.

  17. Strategic Planning and Urban Development by Using the SWOT Analysis. The Case of Urmia City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OMID MOBARAKI

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A strategic planning is an important tool to guide the urban planning. It will help maintain a focused, long-term vision of the urban mission and purpose, and aid decisions about the urban development. In reality review and understanding of urban development, its strengths and weaknesses are of major importance in the strategic planning. Today, awareness of strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and threats are a necessity for urban development plans and programs. Urmia City, despite being rich in natural and human resources, it faces difficulties in terms of unsustainable development due to the lack of proper utilization of resources and environmental degradation of agricultural land suitable for industrial and residential land uses. The aim of the current research is to identify the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in Urmia city. This study is applied and it utilizes both descriptive and analytical methods, but also the AHP and SWOT methods. The result of the study indicates that, for the development of Urmia City, the overcoming strategy has the maximum score (4.07, whereas the negatives control strategy has the minimum score (1.77. Therefore, Urmia City should make the maximum use of strengths and opportunities in order to reduce weaknesses and threats.

  18. Geomatics for Smart Cities: Obtaining the Urban Planning Baf Index from Existing Digital Maps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casella, V.; Franzini, M.; De Lotto, R.

    2016-06-01

    The urban analytics expression is spreading out. To our understanding, it deals with the capability of measuring cities and their communities, as a support to their effective planning and management. In other words, being an analytically well-known city is a precondition for pursuing smartness. Urban planning is a very important item for city management and is interrelated with many layers, including urban environmental quality, air quality and well-being. Effective urban planning is based on the knowledge of quantitative parameters such as the biotope area factor (BAF), which was originally proposed for the city of Berlin and is currently used in other cities. The BAF index is used to evaluate the degree of soil permeability and measures, to a certain extent and from a specific point of view, how a city is eco-friendly. The usual way of evaluating the BAF is based on the manual construction of dedicated maps, using existing orthophotos and oblique imagery as a support. But this method is expensive, time-consuming and non-objective, as it is prone to different interpretations. The paper presents a newly-developed methodology for calculating the BAF. It is based on the use of existing digital cartography and on the application of geoprocessing techniques from GIS science: it is therefore fully automated and objective. The Pavia city (Northern Italy) is used as a testsite and a careful validation of the developed methodology is carried out, by comparison to 12 manually surveyed test areas, corresponding to 5% of the built-up areas of the municipality.

  19. Subsurface information for risk-sensitive urban spatial planning in Dhaka Metropolitan City, Bangladesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Günther, Andreas; Aziz Patwary, Mohammad Abdul; Bahls, Rebecca; Asaduzzaman, Atm; Ludwig, Rüdiger; Ashraful Kamal, Mohammad; Nahar Faruqa, Nurun; Jabeen, Sarwat

    2016-04-01

    Dhaka Metropolitan City (including Dhaka and five adjacent municipal areas) is one of the fastest developing urban regions in the world. Densely build-up areas in the developed metropolitan area of Dhaka City are subject to extensive restructuring as common six- or lower storied buildings are replaced by higher and heavier constructions. Additional stories are built on existing houses, frequently exceeding the allowable bearing pressure on the subsoil as supported by the foundations. In turn, newly developing city areas are projected in marshy terrains modified by extensive, largely unengineered landfills. In most areas, these terrains bear unfavorable building ground conditions within 30 meters. Within a collaborative technical cooperation project between Bangladesh and Germany, BGR supports GSB in the provision of geo-information for the Capital Development Authority (RAJUK). For general urban planning, RAJUK successively develops a detailed area plan (DAP) at scale 1 : 50000 for the whole Dhaka Metropolitan City area (approx. 1700 km2). Geo-information have not been considered in the present DAP. Within the project, geospatial information in form of a geomorphic map, a digital terrain model and a 3-D subsurface model covering the whole city area have been generated at a scale of 1 : 50000. An extensive engineering geological data base consisting of more than 2200 borehole data with associated Standard Penetration Testing (SPT) and lab data has been compiled. With the field testing (SPT) and engineering geological lab data, the 3-D subsurface model can be parameterized to derive important spatial subsurface information for urban planning like bearing capacity evaluations for different foundation designs or soil liquefaction potential assessments for specific earthquake scenarios. In conjunction with inundation potential evaluations for different flooding scenarios, comprehensive building ground suitability information can be derived to support risk

  20. Tools for an integrated systems approach to sustainable port city planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Morel

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Large port cities like Shanghai, Amsterdam and Rio de Janeiro are key cogwheels in international logistics and transport networks but also serve as showcases for the rest of the world; as such, they constitute strategic assets for the host country´s economy and international influence. Historically, a city and its port often developed independently, through sometimes contradictory or even confrontational policies. Today, the growing number of usage disputes over increasingly coveted coastal areas is prompting local managers to incorporate urban and port-related issues in overarching planning programs. In particular, planning of the sea front and the buffer zone between the port and the city must contribute decisively to the deployment of more effective, cleaner transport services for the port city as a whole. In general, one of the key global challenges for planners and decision-makers consists in integrating sustainable development goals (environmental and social components, as well as the stimulation of industrial competitiveness into urban planning. In this context the PHEBUS research group has initiated an international program of research to develop innovative methods and tools that can help territorial stakeholders to design, evaluate, compare and ultimately choose development scenarios for the future of their port cities. The main themes are addressed via a multidisciplinary systems approach on the scale of a coastal urban area with an industrial and port complex. In particular, the themes include sea front planning, the city-port interface, energy optimization (e.g. the introduction and sharing of renewable energies, risk resilience, climate change and multimodal, clean transport.

  1. City Planning Evolution - Urban Development Directions in the Transition Period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mircea Grigorovschi

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Urban evolution post 1989 has a series of specific characteristics mainly on a spatial-territorial plane. Determination of the main developing factors and urban evolution directions (dimensions, rhythm, expansion level, centrifugal and axial character, concentric, centripetal, functional evolution, tendencies and social implications, etc. represents a necessity and obligation for action from professionals in urban and landscaping fields. This necessity even arises from the perspective of the need for realizing strategies, planning, documentation and urban studies, which must intervene correctively in the evolution of areas with structural problems and to guide urban evolution towards the main goal namely the growth in residential quality of life in human settlements.

  2. Planning for sustainability in Malawian cities: A conceptual analysis of the missing links.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Gondwe

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Planning for sustainability has become a major challenge for urban planners in cities of the developing world where those with low economic base are often unable to cope with the high rate of urbanization. The differences in poverty levels between rural and urban spaces has not only deepened socio-economic problems but also led to an increase in environmental degradation in the city’s peripheral and catchment areas.  This paper argues that there is need to rethink the role of urban planning theory and practice if urban sustainability is to be practical in Malawian cities. It observes that activities and initiatives taken by the urban poor that lead to growth of informal settlement and the informal sector are not viewed positively by urban planners. Specifically, the paper examines issues as such as the symbiotic relationship between the rural and the urban, lack of proper plans for non motorized transport, availability of a closed loop model of solid waste management and a rekindled participatory planning regime through the formalization of town chiefs are very critical elements of the contemporary urban planning theory and practice if building sustainable cities is to move beyond a vague idealism in Malawi. It follows then that any ambitious attempt to plan for sustainability should recognize the role which the urban poor play in building cities of developing countries Malawi inclusive. The paper calls upon the urban planners to change their attitude towards the urban poor. In so doing, however, the author is not trying to romanticize the existence of informal settlements and informal sector but to highlight their inevitable existence to the urban landscape.

  3. Planning for sustainability in Malawian cities: A conceptual analysis of the missing links

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Gondwe

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Planning for sustainability has become a major challenge for urban planners in cities of the developing world where those with low economic base are often unable to cope with the high rate of urbanization. The differences in poverty levels between rural and urban spaces has not only deepened socio-economic problems but also led to an increase in environmental degradation in the city’s peripheral and catchment areas. This paper argues that there is need to rethink the role of urban planning theory and practice if urban sustainability is to be practical in Malawian cities. It observes that activities and initiatives taken by the urban poor that lead to growth of informal settlement and the informal sector are not viewed positively by urban planners. Specifically, the paper examines issues as such as the symbiotic relationship between the rural and the urban, lack of proper plans for non motorized transport, availability of a closed loop model of solid waste management and a rekindled participatory planning regime through the formalization of town chiefs are very critical elements of the contemporary urban planning theory and practice if building sustainable cities is to move beyond a vague idealism in Malawi. It follows then that any ambitious attempt to plan for sustainability should recognize the role which the urban poor play in building cities of developing countries Malawi inclusive. The paper calls upon the urban planners to change their attitude towards the urban poor. In so doing, however, the author is not trying to romanticize the existence of informal settlements and informal sector but to highlight their inevitable existence to the urban landscape.

  4. Sustainable Development Index of Pedras de Fogo /PB: Contributive Subsidies on Planning City Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gesinaldo Ataíde Cândido

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The sustainable development is a complex and fundamental issue to face the environmental crisis and because of that it calls the different segments of the society attention. As a mechanism to understand this important issue, several system- level indicators have arisen in order to measure the level of sustainability of countries, states and more recently, the cities. The aim of this article is to show the sustainability development index of Pedras de Fogo /PB as a mean to purchase the city planning .The methodology applied is based on the research of Martins and Candido (2008,which objective is to measure the sustainability development of the cities. The analysis of the results was obtained through a comparison between the sustainable development level of the other cities in Paraiba with the one of Pedras de Fogo. The results obtained were based not only on Martins and Candido methodology but also semi-structured interviews with some local authorities. The results show that a city sustainable planning is necessary taking into consideration the following dimensions: social, demographic, political -institutional, economic, environmental and cultural.

  5. Application of WEAP Simulation Model to Hengshui City Water Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OJEKUNLE Z O; ZHAO Lin; LI Manzhou; YANG Zhen; TAN Xin

    2007-01-01

    Like many river basins in China, water resources in the Fudong Pai River are almost fully allocated. This paper seeks to assess and evaluate water resource problems using water evaluation and planning (WEAP) model via its application to Hengshui Basin of Fudong Pai River. This model allows the simulation and analysis of various water allocation scenarios and, above all, scenarios of users' behavior. Water demand management is one of the options discussed in detail. Simulations are proposed for diverse climatic situations from dry years to normal years and results are discussed. Within the limits of data availability, it appears that most water users are not able to meet all their requirements from the river, and that even the ecological reserve will not be fully met during certain years. But the adoption of water demand management procedures offers opportunities for remedying this situation during normal hydrological years. However, it appears that demand management alone will not suffice during dry years. Nevertheless, the ease of use of the model and its user-friendly interfaces make it particularly useful for discussions and dialogue on water resources management among stakeholders.

  6. From Strategic Planning to City Branding: Some Empirical Evidence in Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Rizzi

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available In a globalized world where places compete with each other, the image of the city plays a crucial role to attract tourists and investors, and to make citizens stay with satisfaction and avoid their moving away. By exploring the connections and implications between theory and empirical outcomes of some Italian cities as to its attractiveness for tourists and investors, this paper intends to offer a useful overview both for academicians and practitioners. The purpose is not only to go through the extensive literature on strategic planning place marketing and city branding, but to focus specifically on some Italian cases (Turin, Genoa, Venice, Piacenza, where the application of the above mentionedinstruments has provided interesting results to compare.

  7. Virtual Reality As a New Tool in the City Planning Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kaj Sunesson; Carl Martin AIIwood; Dan Paulin; Ilona Heldal; Mattias Roupe; Mikael Johansson; B(o)rje Westerdahl

    2008-01-01

    The introduction of virtual reality (VR)-models in the city planning process will cause changes in the traditional roles of the involved parties. In order to better understand some of these changes, the events involving the use of VR-models in an architectural competition concerning rebuilding-proposals for the city library in a Swedish city were analyzed. The study shows that VR was introduced into the competition as an extra add-on and that the VR-prasentation was experienced as useful by the jury. The transformation of the architects' contributions into VR was experienced as problematic by the architects, partly because they lost full control over the presentation. In the future architects are likely to have to produce the VR-models for their proposals themselves. This may make it more difficult for smaller architectural firms to enter the market but their proposals will be more accessible to a wider group of stakeholders.

  8. Sustainable urban energy planning: The case study of a tropical city

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► Sustainable energy planning of tropical cities with hybrid energy technologies competes on economic and environmentally issues. ► We examine variations in the level of energy production. ► The energy planning of cities involves the exportation of pollutants and/or importation of external energy. - Abstract: The urbanization of modern societies has imposed to the planners and decision-makers a more precise attention to facts not considered before. Several aspects, such as the energy availability and the deleterious effect of pollution on the populations, must be considered in the policy decisions of cities urbanization. The current paradigm presents centralized power stations supplying a city, and a combination of technologies may compose the energy mix of a country, such as thermal power plants, hydroelectric plants, wind systems and solar-based systems, with their corresponding emission pattern. A goal programming multi-objective optimization model is presented for the electric expansion analysis of a tropical city, and also a case study for the city of Guaratinguetá, Brazil, considering a particular wind and solar radiation patterns established according to actual data and modeled via the time series analysis method. Scenarios are proposed and the results of single environmental objective, single economic objective and goal programming multi-objective modeling are discussed. The consequences of each dispatch decision, which considers pollutant emission exportation to the neighborhood or the need of supplementing electricity by purchasing it from the public electric power grid, are discussed. The results revealed energetic dispatch for the alternatives studied and the optimum environmental and economic solution was obtained

  9. [Health promotion policy and urban planning: joint efforts for the development of healthy cities].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sperandio, Ana Maria Girotti; Francisco, Lauro Luiz; Mattos, Thiago Pedrosa

    2016-06-01

    The National Health Promotion Policy (PNPS) defines strategies for devising inter-sectoral public policies that ensure the development of healthy cities. Urban planning constitutes a tool to improve the quality of life and enhance health promotion. Using the studies and cooperation actions conducted by the Urban Research Laboratory (LABINUR/FEC-Unicamp) as a reference, this article describes relevant aspects of the PNPS that have an interface with urban planning policies in Brazil. An increase in interdisciplinary and inter-sectoral measures related to the new PNPS after the passing of Ordinance 2.446/14 was identified, which include: mobility and accessibility; safe development (sanitation, housing and transport); healthy eating with social inclusion and reduction of poverty (community vegetable gardens); corporal activities and physical exercise and the enhancement of urban spaces. The conclusion drawn is that social participation, inter-sectoral activities and the role of the university are important aspects for the promotion of healthy cities.

  10. Solar envelope zoning: application to the city planning process. Los Angeles case study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-06-01

    Solar envelope zoning represents a promising approach to solar access protection. A solar envelope defines the volume within which a building will not shade adjacent lots or buildings. Other solar access protection techniques, such as privately negotiated easements, continue to be tested and implemented but none offer the degree of comprehensiveness evident in this approach. Here, the City of Los Angeles, through the Mayor's Energy Office, the City Planning Department, and the City Attorney's Office, examine the feasibility of translating the concept of solar envelopes into zoning techniques. They concluded that envelope zoning is a fair and consistent method of guaranteeing solar access, but problems of complexity and uncertainty may limit its usefulness. Envelope zoning may be inappropriate for the development of high density centers and for more restrictive community plans. Aids or tools to administer envelope zoning need to be developed. Finally, some combination of approaches, including publicly recorded easements, subdivision approval and envelope zoning, need to be adopted to encourage solar use in cities. (MHR)

  11. The hidden side of cities - towards three-dimensional land planning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parriaux, A.; Tacher, L.; Joliquin, P. [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne (Switzerland). Laboratory of Engineering and Environmental Geology

    2004-04-01

    Vertical growth of cities into the ground is still to be developed, in particular for transport, storage of goods and geothermal exploitation. This article presents a synthesis of the potential resources offered by the urban underground and some experiences derived from different cities around the world. Analysis of these experiences shows that these resources have often been developed without any real long-term planning. This synthesis proposes a more complete approach to underground resource management, insisting on the compatibilities or incompatibilities of a parallel exploitation of certain resources due to their interactions (e.g. geothermics - groundwater). Since the impact of most underground work goes far beyond the space occupied, it must be conceived on the city scale. To attain this objective, the authors propose the notion of three-dimensional land planning for urban territory. This new concept goes much farther than the GIS applications used for the ''cadastre'' in the first metres of underground. A new way of conceiving underground management for the long-term development of the city is recommended. (author)

  12. Sustainable living in a Chinese city. Analysis and support for market-conscious urban planning

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, H

    2014-01-01

    In the transition from a state-led industrial to a market-driven post-industrial urban economy, China’s planners are facing challenges in building sustainable living environment for the rapidly increasing and wealthier urban population.Citizens are the end-users of the sustainable city. Their preferences generate the market demands for real estate and transport, which are the basis to promote sustainable planning in the market. To achieve sustainability goals in China, planners need to adopt ...

  13. A review on salt lake city, Kolkata, India: Master planning and realization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tošković Dobrivoje

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Motivation for construction of Salt Lake City comes from the circumstances characterizing life in Calcutta known by its social, political and cultural activities. Among many problems, the City was faced with poverty and overcrowding. West Bengal Government realized that serious steps have to be taken to resolve the situation. One of the biggest actions of the Government was creation of so called 'NEDECO' Plan for reclamation certain area of the Salted Lakes, followed by the tender for urban planning. The enterprise for water ways Ivan Milutinović was considered the most convenient for both: reclamation and planning. The Conceptualization covers the Main Aims and interests forming plan basis where three factors were selected: urban character, new vs old town, inhabitants and town growth. Follows Existing Land Use Pattern of the Municipal Area. The realization of the Salt Lake Master Plan, as a part of the Municipal Area, is shown through an Overview of Achieved Infrastructure covering Roads, Water Supply, Sewerage, Area Level Storm Water Drainage, Solid Waste Management and, finally, through the Other Municipal Services, such as: Administrative Infrastructure, Health Infrastructure, Greeneries, Water bodies, Socio-Cultural Infrastructure. .

  14. Climate Hazard Assessment for Stakeholder Adaptation Planning in New York City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horton, Radley M.; Gornitz, Vivien; Bader, Daniel A.; Ruane, Alex C.; Goldberg, Richard; Rosenzweig, Cynthia

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a time-sensitive approach to climate change projections, developed as part of New York City's climate change adaptation process, that has provided decision support to stakeholders from 40 agencies, regional planning associations, and private companies. The approach optimizes production of projections given constraints faced by decision makers as they incorporate climate change into long-term planning and policy. New York City stakeholders, who are well-versed in risk management, helped pre-select the climate variables most likely to impact urban infrastructure, and requested a projection range rather than a single 'most likely' outcome. The climate projections approach is transferable to other regions and consistent with broader efforts to provide climate services, including impact, vulnerability, and adaptation information. The approach uses 16 Global Climate Models (GCMs) and three emissions scenarios to calculate monthly change factors based on 30-year average future time slices relative to a 30- year model baseline. Projecting these model mean changes onto observed station data for New York City yields dramatic changes in the frequency of extreme events such as coastal flooding and dangerous heat events. Based on these methods, the current 1-in-10 year coastal flood is projected to occur more than once every 3 years by the end of the century, and heat events are projected to approximately triple in frequency. These frequency changes are of sufficient magnitude to merit consideration in long-term adaptation planning, even though the precise changes in extreme event frequency are highly uncertain

  15. UMTRA project water sampling and analysis plan, Falls City, Texas. Revision 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Planned, routine ground water sampling activities at the US Department of Energy (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site near Falls City, Texas, are described in this water sampling and analysis plan (WSAP). The following plan identifies and justifies the sampling locations, analytical parameters, and sampling frequency for the routine monitoring stations at the site. The ground water data are used for site characterization and risk assessment. The regulatory basis for routine ground water monitoring at UMTRA Project sites is derived from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations in 40 CFR Part 192. Sampling procedures are guided by the UMTRA Project standard operating procedures (SOP) (JEG, n.d.), the Technical Approach Document (TAD) (DOE, 1989), and the most effective technical approach for the site. The Falls City site is in Karnes County, Texas, approximately 8 miles [13 kilometers southwest of the town of Falls City and 46 mi (74 km) southeast of San Antonio, Texas. Before surface remedial action, the tailings site consisted of two parcels. Parcel A consisted of the mill site, one mill building, five tailings piles, and one tailings pond south of Farm-to-Market (FM) Road 1344 and west of FM 791. A sixth tailings pile designated Parcel B was north of FM 791 and east of FM 1344

  16. Intellectual Evolution in the Field of City and Regional Planning: A Personal Perspective Toward Holistic Planning Education, 1937-2010

    OpenAIRE

    Violich, Francis

    2001-01-01

    Throughout my sixty years of professional and academic experience in endeavoring to advance the field of city and regional planning, a critical deviation from its origins has taken place. In our youth in the 1950s, the problem-solving and future-oriented prospects for the new field, particularly here in California, captured our participation. In this paper, I seek to see clearly my own role in that direction and to understand how this was altered by the phenomenon of social science dominanc...

  17. Urban and transport planning, environmental exposures and health-new concepts, methods and tools to improve health in cities

    OpenAIRE

    Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J.

    2016-01-01

    Background The majority of people live in cities and urbanization is continuing worldwide. Cities have long been known to be society’s predominant engine of innovation and wealth creation, yet they are also a main source of pollution and disease. Methods We conducted a review around the topic urban and transport planning, environmental exposures and health and describe the findings. Results Within cities there is considerable variation in the levels of environmental exposures such as air poll...

  18. Planning, managing and implementing place/city marketing effectively: review and discussion of the last 25 years

    OpenAIRE

    Metaxas, Theodore

    2010-01-01

    One of the most interesting issues in the literature of urban studies, the last thirty years especially,, concern the significance of city marketing procedure on high degree of city competitiveness achievement. The basic questions arising refer to the effectiveness of city marketing and how it can be measured, to the ability of public local authorities to plan and implement promotion policies as well as to the determination of the prerequisites according to which the “final produced good”, wh...

  19. Is City Marketing Opposed to Urban Planning? The Elaboration of a Pilot City Marketing Plan for the Case of Nea Ionia, Magnesia, Greece

    OpenAIRE

    Deffner, Alex; Metaxas, Theodoros

    2006-01-01

    The role of city marketing has been increasingly important in Europe. Today it has become a necessity with regard to the processes of global competition of cities, tourist attraction, urban management, city branding and urban governance. Many European cities support their competitiveness through cultural and tourism development. In addition, the majority of the implemented city marketing policies relate with culture and tourism. City marketing has faced many criticisms, the main one being tha...

  20. 城市公共空间与城市规划体系的构建%Constructing the City Public Space and City Planning System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪晨; 李珍琪

    2013-01-01

    近年来,由于城市公共空间问题而引发各类冲突事件频频发生,需要我们重新认识和实践城市公共空间规划的作用和意义。本文通过对城市公共空间与城市规划体系的分析,明确如何科学地建立以人民为中心的城市公共空间规划,为创建和谐社会及城市发展更新创造条件。%In recent years, the various conflicts triggered by city public space problems frequently, we need to know and practice the role and significance of city public space planning. This paper through the analysis of city public space and city p-lanning system, pinpoints how to scientifical y establish the ci-ty public space planning taking the people as the center, to cre-ate development and update conditions for the creation of a ha-rmonious society and city.

  1. Tooling up urban planning for climate change mitigation in Malaysian cities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The city's 2-dimensional spatial structure and 3-dimensional form significantly influence its energy and GHG emission intensity. In rapidly developing urban-regions, the ability of the local planning authorities to quantify the spatial structure and form of existing urban areas, new developments and the emergent urban-region in terms of GHG emission is vital to any effective local, national and global climate change mitigation effort. While a wide array of tools has been developed for assessing built environment sustainability at various spatial scales, these are predominantly eco-efficiency rating tools that do not model the 'spatial structure-GHG' relationship and do not illustrate the GHG implications of urban structure and form, which crucially inform local planning decisions with respect to climate change mitigation. This paper takes the first steps in analysing three spatial-based planning models (Envision Tomorrow, GHGProof, URBEMIS) that estimate GHG emissions towards assessing their adaptability for application in Malaysian cities. It looks into the models' inner working, unpacking the variables and their relationships; assumptions and conversion rates used; and their data requirement and structure. The models' characteristics and features are critically compared to evaluate their capabilities, limitations and relevance to the Malaysian urban planning context, particularly in terms of data availability

  2. Tooling up urban planning for climate change mitigation in Malaysian cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chau, L. W.; Yap, Z. C.; Ho, C. S.

    2014-02-01

    The city's 2-dimensional spatial structure and 3-dimensional form significantly influence its energy and GHG emission intensity. In rapidly developing urban-regions, the ability of the local planning authorities to quantify the spatial structure and form of existing urban areas, new developments and the emergent urban-region in terms of GHG emission is vital to any effective local, national and global climate change mitigation effort. While a wide array of tools has been developed for assessing built environment sustainability at various spatial scales, these are predominantly eco-efficiency rating tools that do not model the 'spatial structure-GHG' relationship and do not illustrate the GHG implications of urban structure and form, which crucially inform local planning decisions with respect to climate change mitigation. This paper takes the first steps in analysing three spatial-based planning models (Envision Tomorrow, GHGProof, URBEMIS) that estimate GHG emissions towards assessing their adaptability for application in Malaysian cities. It looks into the models' "inner working", unpacking the variables and their relationships; assumptions and conversion rates used; and their data requirement and structure. The models' characteristics and features are critically compared to evaluate their capabilities, limitations and relevance to the Malaysian urban planning context, particularly in terms of data availability.

  3. The cognitive map's role in urban planning and landscaping. Application to Braila City, Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SILVIA GHIOCA

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Spatial planning and urban planning represent aspects of urban dynamics. They have a complex character and aim to identify some ways of eliminating the territorial disparities, for ensuring the territorial functionality, following up the sustainable develo pment principles. The territorial reality, that is to be investigated for this purpose, can be represented using the mental maps that present the subjective perception of the residents on the environment where they are living. This cognitive perception out lines an urban overview that reflects the local failures. Therefore, the urban overview can function as an instrument of urban rebranding, by its diagnosis and prognosis functions. As regards Brăila City, attractive, repulsive and neutral spaces were ident ified, being created in this way the premises for the appearance of some strategies of territorial planning, in accordance with reality

  4. The U-City Paradigm: Opportunities and Risks for E-Democracy in Collaborative Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Rotondo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI tools appear to enhance the possibilities offered by a collaborative approach to planning. The present paper analyzes both the results of experiences of the author and of those available in the literature, highlighting possible advantages and disadvantages. After a brief introduction to the meaning of e-democracy, the second part focuses on the role of ICT in collaborative planning, proceeding in the third part to an illustration of an initial panorama of knowledge gathered using ICT in such processes, while discussing criticisms and opportunities. The fourth part discusses the U-city paradigm as a driver of change in urban planning participation processes. Research perspectives are then outlined in the final part.

  5. Alternatives of Strategic Environmental Assessment for Road Traffic Development Planning-Case of Changchun City, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Chong; XU Ye; SHANG Jincheng; Gordon HUANG

    2009-01-01

    On analyzing the achievement of the goal in the modern urban road traffic development planning, the alternative of Strategic Environmental Assessment for urban traffic planning should include the basic scheme, the extended scheme and the environmental protection scheme. This study from different perspectives designed the alternatives for Changchun's county-level road and urban road system planning, and used the method of System Dynamics to simulate, optimize and analyze those alternatives. Thereafter, some methods including the correlation function method were used to comprehensively assess and rank those alternatives for recommending two best alternatives with the consideration to the indicators, such as the total emission amount of CO, the total emission amount of nitrogen oxides, the noise value, the road construction cost, the fossil oil consumption and the traffic capacity. The result showed that the study would provide substantial supports for decision-makers to make more scientific decisions and promote the sustainable urban traffic in Changchun City.

  6. Urban Fluxes Monitoring and Development of Planning Strategies to Reduce Ghg Emissions in AN European City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marras, S.; Sirca, C.; Bellucco, V.; Falk, M.; Pyles, R. D.; Snyder, R. L.; Paw U, K.; Duce, P.; Blecic, I.; Trunfio, G. A.; Cecchini, A.; Spano, D.

    2013-12-01

    Cities and human settlements in general are a primary source of emissions that contribute to human-induced climate change. To investigate the impact of an urbanized area on urban metabolism components, an eddy covariance (EC) tower will be set up in a city (Sassari) located in the center of the Mediterranean basin (Sardinia, Italy). The EC tower, as well as a meteorological station and radiometers, will be set up to monitor energy, water, and carbon fluxes in the city center. A GHG emissions inventory will be also compiled to identify the main emission sources. In addition, a modeling framework will be used to study the impact of different urban planning strategies on carbon emission rates. The modeling framework consists of four models to analyze fluxes both at local and municipality scale: (i) a land surface model ACASA (Advanced Canopy-Atmosphere-Soil Algorithm, ACASA) to simulate the urban metabolism components at local scale; (ii) a Cellular Automata model to simulate the urban land-use dynamics in the near future (20-30 years); (iii) a transportation model to estimate the variation of the transportation network load, and (iv) the coupled model WRF-ACASA will be finally used to simulate the urban metabolism components at municipality scale. The participation of local stakeholders will allow the definition of future planning strategies with the aim to identify low carbon emissions strategies. The projects activities, methodologies applied, as well as the preliminary results will be reported here.

  7. The City Image and the Local Public Administration: a Working Tool in Urban Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marius Cristian NEACȘU

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this study consist of identifyingand testing in operational terms the concept of cityimage in the decision-making processes, both asfar as the urban planning and the future policies oflocal and regional development are concerned or inthe management of public spaces. It is well-knownthe fact that the simple series of statistical dataand the models based upon them do not sketchout a complete image regarding the urban reality,the perception of habitants at a micro-scale levelabout habituation conditions, illustrated by thecity image, presenting itself as a barometer of thedysfunctionalities encountered in the city. Thus, thepractical implications of this concept based on anew vision in the philosophy of the managementof urban spaces are likely to be interestingenough. Using this tool in the policies and in theactivity of public administration, in urbanism etc.,complementarily to statistical analyses, shouldaccompany any type of local development policyin order to enhance life quality and to transmit acertain life style, well appreciated by the residentswhich should bestow the city distinctiveness anda particular status in the regional and nationalhierarchy. The conceptual scheme of this studyis based on three elements: theory (what doesthe city image represent?, method (how could wemap at a micro-scale level?, case study (whichare the results and the tests of the applicability inthe city of Ploieşti.

  8. New York City Energy-Water Integrated Planning: A Pilot Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhatt,V.; Crosson, K. M.; Horak, W.; Reisman, A.

    2008-12-16

    The New York City Energy-Water Integrated Planning Pilot Study is one of several projects funded by Sandia National Laboratories under the U.S. Department of Energy Energy-Water Nexus Program. These projects are intended to clarify some key issues and research needs identified during the Energy-Water Nexus Roadmapping activities. The objectives of the New York City Pilot Project are twofold: to identify energy-water nexus issues in an established urban area in conjunction with a group of key stakeholders and to define and apply an integrated energy and water decision support tool, as proof-of-concept, to one or more of these issues. During the course of this study, the Brookhaven National Laboratory project team worked very closely with members of a Pilot Project Steering Committee. The Steering Committee members brought a breadth of experience across the energy, water and climate disciplines, and all are well versed in the particular issues faced by an urban environment, and by New York City in particular. The first task was to identify energy-water issues of importance to New York City. This exercise was followed by discussion of the qualities and capabilities that an ideal decision support tool should display to address these issues. The decision was made to start with an existing energy model, the New York City version of the MARKAL model, developed originally at BNL and now used globally by many groups for energy analysis. MARKAL has the virtue of being well-vetted, transparent, and capable of calculating 'material' flows, such as water use by the energy system and energy requirements of water technology. The Steering Committee members defined five scenarios of interest, representing a broad spectrum of New York City energy-water issues. Brookhaven National Laboratory researchers developed a model framework (Water-MARKAL) at the desired level of detail to address the scenarios, and then attempted to gather the New York City-specific information

  9. Site observational work plan for the UMTRA Project site at Falls City, Texas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    Produced by the US Department of Energy (DOE), this site observational work plan (SOWP) will be used to determine site-specific activities to comply with the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ground water standards at this Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site. The purpose of the SOWP is to recommend a site-specific ground water compliance strategy at the Falls City UMTRA Project site. The Falls City SOWP presents a comprehensive summary of site hydrogeological data, delineates a conceptual model of the aquifer system, and discusses the origins of milling-related ground water contamination. It also defines the magnitude of ground water contamination, potential environmental and health risks associated with ground water contamination and data gaps, and targets a proposed compliance strategy.

  10. Site observational work plan for the UMTRA Project site at Falls City, Texas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Produced by the US Department of Energy (DOE), this site observational work plan (SOWP) will be used to determine site-specific activities to comply with the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ground water standards at this Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project site. The purpose of the SOWP is to recommend a site-specific ground water compliance strategy at the Falls City UMTRA Project site. The Falls City SOWP presents a comprehensive summary of site hydrogeological data, delineates a conceptual model of the aquifer system, and discusses the origins of milling-related ground water contamination. It also defines the magnitude of ground water contamination, potential environmental and health risks associated with ground water contamination and data gaps, and targets a proposed compliance strategy

  11. Urban ecosystem services for resilience planning and management in New York City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPhearson, Timon; Hamstead, Zoé A; Kremer, Peleg

    2014-05-01

    We review the current state of knowledge about urban ecosystem services in New York City (NYC) and how these services are regulated, planned for, and managed. Focusing on ecosystem services that have presented challenges in NYC-including stormwater quality enhancement and flood control, drinking water quality, food provisioning and recreation-we find that mismatches between the scale of production and scale of management occur where service provision is insufficient. Adequate production of locally produced services and services which are more accessible when produced locally is challenging in the context of dense urban development that is characteristic of NYC. Management approaches are needed to address scale mismatches in the production and consumption of ecosystem services. By coordinating along multiple scales of management and promoting best management practices, urban leaders have an opportunity to ensure that nature and ecosystem processes are protected in cities to support the delivery of fundamental urban ecosystem services.

  12. Open Spaces and Urban Ecosystem Services. Cooling Effect towards Urban Planning in South American Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Inostroza

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Open space (OS is a key element in the provision of ecosystem services (ES in urban environments. Under a land cover-land use perspective, cities are incorporating into the expansion process to different types of surfaces: sealed, paved surfaces and OS. The first corresponds to a land cover change while the second, which includes bare soil, grass, forest or any other type of non-sealed surface, corresponds to a land use change, without physical transformations. As a land use change OS is able to keep fundamental pre-existing ecological properties. However, besides specific ecological characteristics, the overall capacity to provide ES depends also on the size, number and spatial distribution of OSs within the urban fabric. Those aspects which can determine the very ecological performance of urban ecosystem services (UES are not yet included in the current urban planning in Latin America. OS is still understood mainly as green infrastructure and related mostly with aesthetic and cultural benefits. On the contrary, under an ecological point of view, OS is capable to provide fundamental UES, which can be spatially assessed and analyzed. In this paper the provision of cooling services (CS is assessed in 2 South American cities: Lima and Santiago de Chile. The provision of CS is measured by means of a Remote Sensing-GIS-based method. Two aspects of CS are explored: (1 the current amount of existing OS; and (2 the trend of increasing/reducing CS within the urban tissue, in a dynamic assessment of spatial distribution and rates of OS incorporation to the continuous urban tissue. The aim is to analyze the CS generated by OS in those two cities. The analysis discusses the role of OS in the provision of CS, considering the current urban development trends and planning practice in these specific Latin American cities, highlighting the need to keep unsealed surfaces and increase in trees coverage, to retain the CS provision in certain levels.

  13. The role of spatial planning in the development of the city of Lublin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kociuba, Dagmara

    2010-01-01

    In the Middle Ages the planned management of the city of Lublin area was started. From the location in 1317 to the 18th c. Lublin developed on the left side of the Bystrzyca River in the vicinity of the Nałęczów Upland escarpment zone, the region with diversified surface features. Except the area within the walls with a regular scheme further urban development was spontaneous and the buildings were adapted to trade routes, surface features and borders of real estates. In the 19th c. on the Bystrzyca's right bank the impetuous urbanization processes connected with industrialization areas nearby the Nadwiślańska Railway were stared. In 1916 the right-bank area was incorporating within the Lublin administrative borders. The necessary condition of balanced Lublin's development was formulating a new planning conception. Consistent realization of the spatial development plans resulted in a very clearl partition of the Lublin territory. Housing and service area dominated on the left bank of the river and housing areas accompanied by the prevailing production area - on the rightbank. The Bystrzyca River valley, dissecting these two parts of the city, to green and recreation area, was developed.

  14. 关于城市规划与生态化探讨%Discussion on City Planning and Ecologicalization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨希

    2013-01-01

    城市生态规划是生态学有关理论和方法在城市地域和城市规划学科范围内的综合应用。本文讨论了科学确定城市生态规划的目标,正确界定城市生态规划的内容,以及城市生态规划需要解决的问题,并提出了几点解决建议。%City ecological planning is the comprehensive app-lication of ecology theories and methods in the city region and range of city planning subject. This paper discusses the scienti-fic determination of city ecological planning objectives, the c-orrect definition of city ecological planning content, and city e-cological planning problems need to be solved, and puts forw-ard some suggestions of solution.

  15. The Influence of Drivers and Barriers on Urban Adaptation and Mitigation Plans-An Empirical Analysis of European Cities.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Reckien

    Full Text Available Cities are recognised as key players in global adaptation and mitigation efforts because the majority of people live in cities. However, in Europe, which is highly urbanized and one of the most advanced regions in terms of environmental policies, there is considerable diversity in the regional distribution, ambition and scope of climate change responses. This paper explores potential factors contributing to such diversity in 200 large and medium-sized cities across 11 European countries. We statistically investigate institutional, socio-economic, environmental and vulnerability characteristics of cities as potential drivers of or barriers to the development of urban climate change plans. Our results show that factors such as membership of climate networks, population size, GDP per capita and adaptive capacity act as drivers of mitigation and adaptation plans. By contrast, factors such as the unemployment rate, warmer summers, proximity to the coast and projected exposure to future climate impacts act as barriers. We see that, overall, it is predominantly large and prosperous cities that engage in climate planning, while vulnerable cities and those at risk of severe climate impacts in the future are less active. Our analysis suggests that climate change planning in European cities is not proactive, i.e. not significantly influenced by anticipated future impacts. Instead, we found that the current adaptive capacity of a city significantly relates to climate planning. Along with the need to further explore these relations, we see a need for more economic and institutional support for smaller and less resourceful cities and those at high risk from climate change impacts in the future.

  16. The Influence of Drivers and Barriers on Urban Adaptation and Mitigation Plans-An Empirical Analysis of European Cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reckien, Diana; Flacke, Johannes; Olazabal, Marta; Heidrich, Oliver

    2015-01-01

    Cities are recognised as key players in global adaptation and mitigation efforts because the majority of people live in cities. However, in Europe, which is highly urbanized and one of the most advanced regions in terms of environmental policies, there is considerable diversity in the regional distribution, ambition and scope of climate change responses. This paper explores potential factors contributing to such diversity in 200 large and medium-sized cities across 11 European countries. We statistically investigate institutional, socio-economic, environmental and vulnerability characteristics of cities as potential drivers of or barriers to the development of urban climate change plans. Our results show that factors such as membership of climate networks, population size, GDP per capita and adaptive capacity act as drivers of mitigation and adaptation plans. By contrast, factors such as the unemployment rate, warmer summers, proximity to the coast and projected exposure to future climate impacts act as barriers. We see that, overall, it is predominantly large and prosperous cities that engage in climate planning, while vulnerable cities and those at risk of severe climate impacts in the future are less active. Our analysis suggests that climate change planning in European cities is not proactive, i.e. not significantly influenced by anticipated future impacts. Instead, we found that the current adaptive capacity of a city significantly relates to climate planning. Along with the need to further explore these relations, we see a need for more economic and institutional support for smaller and less resourceful cities and those at high risk from climate change impacts in the future. PMID:26317420

  17. Evacuation plan of the city of almere: simulating the impact of driving behavior on evacuation clearance time

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tu, H.; Tamminga, G.F.; De Wit, J.; Van der Berg, W.

    2010-01-01

    The evacuation clearance time is one of the key indicators in an evacuation plan and is determined by the expected behavior of the endangered residents and roadway network characteristics. The city of Almere has developed an evacuation plan in case of the emergency of a flooding, but assumes a norma

  18. Visualizing the data city social media as a source of knowledge for urban planning and management

    CERN Document Server

    Ciuccarelli, Paolo; Simeone, Luca

    2014-01-01

    This book investigates novel methods and technologies for the collection, analysis, and representation of real-time user-generated data at the urban scale in order to explore potential scenarios for more participatory design, planning, and management processes. For this purpose, the authors present a set of experiments conducted in collaboration with urban stakeholders at various levels (including citizens, city administrators, urban planners, local industries, and NGOs) in Milan and New York in 2012. It is examined whether geo-tagged and user-generated content can be of value in the creation

  19. Long-term surveillance plan for the Tuba City, Arizona disposal site

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-02-01

    This long-term surveillance plan (LTSP) for the Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project disposal site at Tuba City, Arizona, describes the site surveillance activities. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) will carry out these activities to ensure the disposal cell continues to function as designed. This final LTSP was prepared as a requirement for acceptance under the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) general license for custody and long-term care of residual radioactive materials (RRM) (10 CFR {section}40.27).

  20. Family planning management of the floating population in Xi'an city.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-12-01

    This article describes the population of migrants living in Xincheng District of Xi'an City, China. Xincheng district is a commercial center that includes the largest wholesale market in northwest China, Kangfulu Market in Sanfuwan village. The resident population of the district amounts to about 450,000 people. 72,000 additional population are the floating population of migrants, of whom about 50% are women of childbearing age. The district established stringent family planning policies in order to limit unplanned childbearing. Family planning policies were the collaborative work among staff members from departments of industry and commerce, labor, education, finance, public health, civil affairs, family planning, and other related agencies. Management of family planning is based on subdistrict committees, resident committees, and local permanent population. These individuals and groups provide registration for temporary residence, verify birth certificates, establish contraceptive status, and encourage landlords to disseminate birth control information among their tenants. The population around Kangfulu Market includes about 800 permanent residents and about 3000- 6000 migrants. The village authorities provide family planning and medical services free of charge to migrants. Villagers register migrant children in schools and offer business help to the newcomers. These efforts have contributed to fewer births among migrants. PMID:12320649

  1. GIS技术在城市规划中的应用%Application of GIS technology to City Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李治

    2012-01-01

    It depicts state-of-art of (;IS research domain, presents the application of GIS technology to ciW planning, introduces the problems of GIS to city planning, gives the fbreground of the application of GIS technology to city planning.%叙述了GIS研究领域的发展现状,分析了GIS技术在城市规划中的应用,介绍了GIS在城市规划应用中存在的问题,对GIS技术在城市规则中的应用前景做了展望,

  2. An Example of City Disaster Plan in the Context of Integrated Disaster Management with Un sufficient Legal Structure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Disaster management of a city, in coherent, stable and true manner, were realized by understanding and organizing of the disaster plan. When we consider the earthquake hazard of Marmara Region, it was investigated by the scientific studies how -a world city- Istanbul were effected this earthquake. When we consider the scientific data and we take a base the current legal structure of our country, the aim of the disaster plan is to provide the fist and emergency aid for the citizens when the destructive earthquake were occurred and effected the general life. This disaster plan includes base of the coordination and helping each other of the activity which all institution and organizations will do during possible disaster. The aims of making of plan is to provide the cooperation and collaboration between before the disaster and to act urgently during the disaster, and to provide the following necessary activity. This necessary activity as main headlines are; the providing of communication and transportation; regulation of traffic; rescue; emergency medical aid, to transportation patient and injured people to the hospitals; to put out fire; to provide security and public order; eating, dressing, heating and lighting studies; to provide temporary housing; the burial of dead citizens; to remove wreckage; to repair and to re-provide the electrical, water and canalization construction. In this study, it will mainly be presented Istanbul city disaster plan. Disaster plan of this city were produced by the intensive and sacrificial efforts with Turkish legal system. After that, disaster plan must updated as soon as possible. However government must regulate current legal system ( or the body of current law) related disaster plan. City disaster plan, which even construct well, include only the operations after the disaster. Before disaster, methods of preventive precaution against the disaster must add the plan with applicable legal system

  3. The application of environmental economics in marine functional zoning and coastal city conceptual planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    There are a lot of functions of marine resources.The various and competing conflicts between different users and different sectors in th euse of marine resources will cause the disorderly development of marine resources,and even destroy the marine ecosystem.Marine functional zoning is an effective tool to solve the conflicts.However,there are some shortcomings in the current understanding on marine functional zoning and its practice.In this paper,a case study on the resource-oriented marine functional zoning of Xiangshan Port is introduced.By the prmeiples of resource-oriented and public participation,Xiangshan Pon is divided into seven zones.and the main function of the whole port and seven zones are determined by the environmental economics analysis.A case study of Xiamen is also introduced for how to integrate marine functional zoning into a coastal city conceptual planning.Under the conservation prmciple,resources-oriented principle and so on,the advantages and disadvantages of natural ecosystem,social ecosystem and econnomic ecosystem are holistically analyzed,the urban orientation of Xiamen is determined as a regional international tourism ciif,and the whole city is divided into five function zones according to its leading industry-tourism.Resource-oriented marine functional zoning has a long-term guidance for sustainable use of marine resources and development strategy of a coastal city.And environmental economics analysis is an effective tool for resource-orientation.

  4. The Role of Development Agencies in Touristic Branding of Cities, A Document Analysis on Regional Plans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emrah ÖZKUL

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of present research is to determine the role of development agencies in which the branding of cities in the region. At research, the role of development agencies; identification of unknown tourist values, determination and improving of deficiencies, opportunities, were investigated in accordance with the agency's goals and objectives. To achieve this goal used in document analysis from qualitative research methods and Regional Plans were investigated which was published by the Development Agencies. The data obtained were subjected to descriptive analysis, in the case of some unidentified concepts by going in-depth content analysis. Despite all the advantages of having Turkey, made enough promotion of national and international level many regions in Turkey and so the tourism industry has led to overshadowed by the industrial and agricultural sectors. For this reason, development agencies determining the values of regional tourism have undertaken to task of changing perceptions of tourist consumers with their targeted projects on behalf of perform the city branding. Thus, was concluded that cities could become a center of attraction and the brand both investors and visitors.

  5. Strategic Planning for Grapes Product Development in Takestan City Through using SWOT Matrix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoud Rahmani

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Achieving development, particularly development in agriculture sector requires principled efficient planning and accurate implementation of the plan. This involves exact awareness of facilities, opportunities, capabilities and constraints in reaching a favorable situation. This study aims at identifying the strategies required for success and development in local and global markets of grapes through using SWOT (Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats method. It firstly studies the theoretical principles of strategic planning process and strategic management, then it gathers internal factors (weaknesses and strengths and external factors (opportunities and threats pertaining to the grapes product development via questionnaires distributed among the statistical universe and analyzes them through SWOT method. To recognize the attractiveness of the identified strategies, QSPM (Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix matrix has been applied. The results reveal that continuous assessment of the competitors and their services contributes to the improvement of the products value added; and creating marketing networks and extensive campaigns are the most appropriate strategies in penetrating into the regional and global markets in order to develop grapes product of Takestan City. Furthermore, endeavors to achieve financial resources through ventures with foreign and domestic investors and applying modern technology and updated scientific findings have a considerable impact on developing grapes product.

  6. 'Without a plan' but 'keeping on track': views on contraception, pregnancy and abortion in Mexico City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juarez, Fatima; Bayer, Angela M

    2011-01-01

    Despite increased use of modern contraception among Mexican women, there has been a significant increase in abortions. Little is known about the experiences behind these trends. This study examines decision-making around contraception, pregnancy, childbearing and abortion. We carried out 26 in-depth interviews with 23- to 35-year-old females and males in Mexico City. Interviewees described reproductive planning 'without a plan' and sporadic contraceptive use. Linking of reproductive preferences and contraceptive use occurred only after raising a child for a few years or after experiencing an abortion. Interviewees described side effects of hormonal contraceptives and the intrauterine device (IUD) and problems with condoms. Only 8% of participants disagreed with abortion completely. Those with mixed views opposed abortion for pregnancies resulting from lack of responsibility or due to personal problems or concerns about one's future. However, these more controversial reasons were the primary motivations for terminating pregnancies. Females and males expressed that females made most decisions related to contraception, pregnancy and abortion. Further research could explore the reasons behind reproductive planning 'without a plan', 'on and off' contraceptive use and abortion beliefs and experiences that are somewhat contradictory.

  7. Complexity Theories of Cities Have Come of Age An Overview with Implications to Urban Planning and Design

    CERN Document Server

    Meyer, Han; Stolk, Egbert; Tan, Ekim

    2012-01-01

    Today, our cities are an embodiment of the complex, historical evolution of knowledge, desires and technology. Our planned and designed activities co-evolve with our aspirations, mediated by the existing technologies and social structures.  The city represents the accretion and accumulation of successive layers of collective activity, structuring and being structured by other, increasingly distant cities, reaching now right around the globe. This historical and structural development cannot therefore be understood or captured by any set of fixed quantitative relations. Structural changes imply that the patterns of growth, and their underlying reasons change over time, and therefore that any attempt to control the morphology of cities and their patterns of flow by means of planning and design, must be dynamical, based on the mechanisms that drive the changes occurring at a given moment. This carefully edited post-proceedings volume gathers a snapshot view by leading researchers in field, of current complexity...

  8. Growing food, feeding change: towards a holistic and dynamic approach of eco-city planning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vernay, A.B.H.; Salcedo Rahola, T.B.; Ravesteijn, W.

    2010-01-01

    In response to increasing environmental problems and consciousness in relation to urbanization, more and more cities are trying to become eco-cities. We can question, however, whether these cities can be considered as sustainable cities. The eco-city concept usually includes criteria regarding energ

  9. Smart city planning from a bottom-up approach: local communities' intervention for a smarter urban environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alverti, Maroula; Hadjimitsis, Diofantos; Kyriakidis, Phaedon; Serraos, Konstantinos

    2016-08-01

    The aim of this paper is to explore the concept of "smart" cities from the perspective of inclusive community participation and Geographical Information Systems (GIS).The concept of a smart city is critically analyzed, focusing on the power/knowledge implications of a "bottom-up" approach in planning and how GIS could encourage community participation in smart urban planning. The paper commences with a literature review of what it means for cities to be "smart". It draws supporting definitions and critical insights into smart cities with respect to the built environment and the human factor. The second part of the paper, analyzes the "bottom-up" approach in urban planning, focusing on community participation reviewing forms and expressions through good practices from European cities. The third part of the paper includes a debate on how smart urban cities policies and community participation interact and influence each other. Finally, the paper closes with a discussion of the insights that were found and offers recommendations on how this debate could be addressed by Information and Communication Technologies and GIS in particular.

  10. The hidden side of cities-towards three-dimensional land planning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parriaux, A.; Tacher, L.; Joliquin, P. [Laboratory of Engineering and Environmental Geology (GEOLEP), Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2004-07-01

    Vertical growth of cities into the ground is still to be developed, in particular for transport, storage of goods and geothermal exploitation. This article presents a synthesis of the potential resources offered by the urban underground and some experiences derived from different cities around the world. Analysis of these experiences shows that these resources have often been developed without any real long-term planning. This synthesis proposes a more complete approach to underground resource management, insisting on the compatibilities or incompatibilities of a parallel exploitation of certain resources due to their interactions (e.g. geothermal energy vs. ground water). Since the impact of most underground work goes far beyond the space occupied, it must be conceived on the city scale. To attain this objective, the authors propose the notion of three-dimensional land planning for urban territory. This new concept goes much farther than the GIS applications used for the 'cadastre' in the first metres of underground. A new way of conceiving underground management for the long-term development of the city is recommended. (author) [French] Resume: La croissance verticale des villes vers le bas reste a developper, notamment pour le transport, le stockage de biens et l'exploitation geothermique. Le present article fait une synthese du potentiel de ressources que represente le sous-sol urbain et des experiences faites dans differentes metropoles. L'analyse de ces experiences montre que ces ressources ont souvent ete mises en valeur de maniere non systematique et non planifiee a long terme. Cette synthese developpe une approche plus complete de la gestion des ressources du sous-sol, en insistant sur les compatibilites ou non compatibilites de l'exploitation en parallele de certaines ressources. en raison de leurs interactions (par exemple geothermie-eaux souterraines). En raison de l'impact des ouvrages bien au-dela de l'espace qu

  11. ANALYSIS FOR MARKETING STRATEGY PLAN OF NANCHANG CITY CHINA POST LOGISTICS COMPANY IN OTC-MEDICINAL MARKET : Study Case: Nanchang City China Post Logistics co.ltd (NCCNPL)

    OpenAIRE

    Wei, Qin

    2012-01-01

    Nanchang City, China Post Logistics Co ltd (NCCNPL) is a subsidiary of China post group, located in Jiangxi Province. The company established in January 18, 2003. NCCNPL is stated-owned enterprise logistics business collected storage, packaging, distribution, processing, cargo handling, transport and information services in a modern intergraded logistics enterprise. It is a professional logistics company that covers nationwide. The thesis idea is clearly to analyse the marketing strategy plan...

  12. Robustness and Closeness Centrality for Self-Organized and Planned Cities

    CERN Document Server

    Masucci, A Paolo

    2015-01-01

    Street networks are important infrastructural transportation systems that cover a great part of the planet. It is now widely accepted that transportation properties of street networks are better understood in the interplay between the street network itself and the so called \\textit{information} or \\textit{dual network}, which embeds the topology of the street network navigation system. In this work, we present a novel robustness analysis, based on the interaction between the primal and the dual transportation layer for two large metropolis, London and Chicago, thus considering the structural differences to intentional attacks for \\textit{self-organized} and planned cities. We elaborate the results through an accurate closeness centrality analysis in the Euclidean space and in the relationship between primal and dual space. Interestingly enough, we find that even if the considered planar graphs display very distinct properties, the information space induce them to converge toward systems which are similar in t...

  13. The City of Whitehorse local action plan (LAP) to reduce energy and greenhouse gas emissions for city operations and the community

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, G.; Crist, B.; Hnatiuk, D.; Schweiger, S.; Tuck, W.; Turner, J.; White, G. [City of Whitehorse, YT (Canada)

    2004-02-01

    The City of Whitehorse has created a Local Action Plan (LAP) within its community to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions while stimulating the local economy. The city hired a Climate Change Coordinator in 1995 to initiative the five-step Partners for Climate Protection (PCP) program organized through the Federation of Canadian Municipalities. The five milestones of the PCP are to: (1) profile energy use and emissions from city and community-based sources, (2) establish reduction targets for city operations and the community, (3) develop and finalize a LAP that reduces energy use and emissions, (4) implement the LAP, and (5) monitor, verify and report greenhouse gas emissions. The economic benefits of implementing the LAP include: energy costs can be reduced by improving energy efficiency of city buildings, water and sewage systems, and vehicle fleet; local economic development can be stimulated by implementing new technologies and improving existing infrastructure; the need for road expansion can be reduced when peak vehicle traffic is reduced; and, tourism can preserve a viable downtown and improve the local economy. The social and health benefits of implementing the LAP include: community leadership; development of a more liveable community; reduced traffic congestion and increased mobility; preserved green spaces; increase public awareness of climate change; improved air quality; improved health; and, contribution to sustainable development. 31 refs., 6 tabs., 10 figs., 8 appendices.

  14. Tactics and Strategy for the SEAP - Action Plan for Sustainable Energy. The city of Alessandria as a case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Savio

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The European Union has included, since 2007, in its Plan for Energy Efficiency, a specific action addressed to the Cities: the Covenant of Mayors. The initiative involves directly the Mayors, who, signing a document of adhesion, will commit to go beyond the EU target of CO2 reduction, implementing a SEAP: Strategic Energy Action Plan. The SEAP is an innovative planning tool, which allows the city to build an overall scenario for reducing CO2 emissions, with actions belonging to different sectors. In all the steps following the signing of the Covenant (adoption, monitoring, updating the SEAP it is crucial, for the city, to adopt an effective coordination, able to put a system not only the social actors with key roles, but also all the past experiences, the best practices, demonstration projects and everything which, in the local context, can be con- sidered strategic for a sustainable urban regeneration. In Italy, the Covenant had a considerable success, with more than 1,800 cities, the 55% of the total in Europe. The city of Alessandria can be considered an interesting case study, because the SEAP development was integrated to the European Demonstrative Project Concerto AL Piano, aimed at the regeneration of a urban district, making it sustainable from the energy consumption point of view. The research group of Politecnico di Torino supported Alessandria in all the process.

  15. Potovanje v neznano: strategic spatial planning in post-communist cities: strateško prostorsko načrtovanje v posocialističnih mestih: Venturing into unknown territory:

    OpenAIRE

    Tsenkova, Sasha

    2011-01-01

    Recent planning practice in post-communist cities indicates a growing interest in strategic spatial planning. In their search for new planning paradigms and more flexible approaches to city planning, municipalities in post-communist cities have embraced strategic planning as a way to involve residents, the business community and various stakeholders in defining a vision for the future. Drawing on the experience of six capital cities - Prague, St Petersburg, Vilnius, Sofia, Budapest and Riga -...

  16. Building Analysis for Urban Energy Planning Using Key Indicators on Virtual 3d City Models - the Energy Atlas of Berlin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krüger, A.; Kolbe, T. H.

    2012-07-01

    In the context of increasing greenhouse gas emission and global demographic change with the simultaneous trend to urbanization, it is a big challenge for cities around the world to perform modifications in energy supply chain and building characteristics resulting in reduced energy consumption and carbon dioxide mitigation. Sound knowledge of energy resource demand and supply including its spatial distribution within urban areas is of great importance for planning strategies addressing greater energy efficiency. The understanding of the city as a complex energy system affects several areas of the urban living, e.g. energy supply, urban texture, human lifestyle, and climate protection. With the growing availability of 3D city models around the world based on the standard language and format CityGML, energy system modelling, analysis and simulation can be incorporated into these models. Both domains will profit from that interaction by bringing together official and accurate building models including building geometries, semantics and locations forming a realistic image of the urban structure with systemic energy simulation models. A holistic view on the impacts of energy planning scenarios can be modelled and analyzed including side effects on urban texture and human lifestyle. This paper focuses on the identification, classification, and integration of energy-related key indicators of buildings and neighbourhoods within 3D building models. Consequent application of 3D city models conforming to CityGML serves the purpose of deriving indicators for this topic. These will be set into the context of urban energy planning within the Energy Atlas Berlin. The generation of indicator objects covering the indicator values and related processing information will be presented on the sample scenario estimation of heating energy consumption in buildings and neighbourhoods. In their entirety the key indicators will form an adequate image of the local energy situation for

  17. Religiously inspired urbanism: Catholicism and the planning of the southern Dutch provincial cities Eindhoven and Roermond, c. 1900 to 1960

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, J.

    2015-01-01

    The discourse on twentieth-century urban planning has hidden from view the way religion (re)shaped the urban landscape. By analysing the interaction between urban development and Catholic politics in the southern Dutch provincial cities of Eindhoven and Roermond, this article argues that religious t

  18. 78 FR 35951 - Proposed Low-Effect Habitat Conservation Plan for the City of Santa Cruz Graham Hill Water...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-14

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Proposed Low-Effect Habitat Conservation Plan for the City of Santa Cruz Graham Hill Water Treatment Plant, Santa Cruz County, California AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service... and conservation measures for the federally endangered Ben Lomond spineflower (Chorizanthe pungens...

  19. Urban Risk Reduction Through Effective Disaster Management Plan-A Case Study Of Shimla City Himachal Pradesh India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhavna Karki

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract By 2050 70 of the worlds population will live in urban areas. In India the urban population has increased from 217 million to 377 million in last two decades .With increasing population the associated risk and vulnerability has also increased. As cities continue to grow there is increased pressure on resources exposure of lives livelihoods and economic social and environmental assets to risk is set to increase exponentially. Recognised as one of the best cities for public services and one of the oldest Municipal Corporation in India Shimla city is situated at the traverse spur of the Central Himalayas at 31004 N to 31010 N latitude and 77005 E to 77015 E longitude at an altitude of 2397.59 m metres amsl. This paper aims at underlying the role of Shimla Municipal Corporation SMC as local government in managing disasters in the city along with effective planning and risk assessments.

  20. Cities as selective land predators? A lesson on urban growth, deregulated planning and sprawl containment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colantoni, Andrea; Grigoriadis, Efstathios; Sateriano, Adele; Venanzoni, Giuseppe; Salvati, Luca

    2016-03-01

    The present study investigates changes in the use of land caused by the expansion of an informal city in the Mediterranean region (Athens, Greece) and it proposes a simplified methodology to assess selective land take at the scale of municipalities. The amount of land take over twenty years (1987-2007) for cropland, sparsely vegetated areas and natural land was compared with the surface area of the respective class at the beginning of the study period (1987). Indicators of selective land take by class were correlated with socioeconomic indicators at the scale of municipalities to verify the influence of the local context and the impact of urban planning on land take processes. Evidence indicates that urban expansion into fringe land consumes primarily cropland and sparse vegetation in the case of the Athens' metropolitan region. Cropland and sparse vegetation were consumed proportionally more than the respective availability in 16 municipalities out of 60. Agricultural land take was positively correlated with population density and growth rate, rate of participation to the job market and road density. Sparse vegetation land take was observed in municipalities with predominance of high density settlements. As a result of second-home expansion in coastal municipalities, natural land was converted to urban use in proportion to the availability in the landscape. Urban planning seems to have a limited impact on selective land take.

  1. Review Pages: Planning For Smart Cities. Dealing With New Urban Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gennaro Angiello

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always remaining in the groove of rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. During the last two years a particular attention has been paid on the Smart Cities theme and on the different meanings that come with it. The last section of the journal is formed by the Review Pages. They have different aims: to inform on the problems, trends and evolutionary processes; to investigate on the paths by highlighting the advanced relationships among apparently distant disciplinary fields; to explore the interaction’s areas, experiences and potential applications; to underline interactions, disciplinary developments but also, if present, defeats and setbacks. Inside the journal the Review Pages have the task of stimulating as much as possible the circulation of ideas and the discovery of new points of view. For this reason the section is founded on a series of basic’s references, required for the identification of new and more advanced interactions. These references are the research, the planning acts, the actions and the applications, analysed and investigated both for their ability to give a systematic response to questions concerning the urban and territorial planning, and for their attention to aspects such as the environmental sustainability and the innovation in the practices. For this purpose the Review Pages are formed by five sections (Web Resources; Books; Laws; Urban Practices; News and Events, each of which examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage of interest for TeMA.

  2. Smart City and Wise Urban Planning%智慧城市与智慧的城市规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓毛颖

    2015-01-01

    通过对智慧城市系统性的认知,全面梳理智慧城市从发起到实际应用的动态发展脉络,找到智慧城市得以不断发展壮大的源动力。从智慧城市建设的基础入手,深入探讨了国内外智慧城市建设的发展路径、建设条件和发展趋势。从对城市规划理论对智慧城市的引导,以及虚拟空间对城市网络化空间结构的影响关系入手,提出智慧城市规划的初步构想和空间布局优化策略。%This paper,based on a systematic knowledge of smart city,comprehensively sorts the dynamic develop-ment context of smart city from initiation to practical application,to find the source of why smart city can continue to develop.Beginning with the infrastructure of smart city construction,it deeply discusses the development of do-mestic and foreign smart city construction,construction conditions and trends.Concerning the impact on urban spa-tial structure of smart city virtual space as well as the interaction between city planning theory and the guidance to smart city,it presents the preliminary ideas of smart city and the optimization strategies of space layout.

  3. Analysis of City Planning and Urban Construction Management%浅析城市规划与城市建设管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝菲菲; 王启星

    2014-01-01

    笔者基于自身实践,通过对城市规划的概念及编制原则的阐述,论证了城市规划与城市建设管理之间的辩证关系,并对城市规划以及城市建设管理提出了一些实用性的意见,希望能对现代和谐城市、文明城市的建设提供一些参考。%The author based on his practice, through the expo- sition of concept and principle of the city planning, demonst- rates the dialectical relationship between city planning and ur- ban construction management, and provide some practical sug- gestions on city planning and city construction management, hoping to provide some reference for the construction of mod- ern harmonious city and civilized city.

  4. Business plan for a european style coffee shop in Ho Chi Minh city : case: AT Ltd. Company

    OpenAIRE

    Tran, Vu Ai

    2013-01-01

    This thesis is aimed to assist AT Company in its venture of running a European style coffee shop in Ho Chi Minh City. Hence, based on an analysis of the potential of the Vietnamese coffee industry with a focus on the Ho Chi Minh City market, its creative business idea is formulated together with new concepts. Correspondingly, a business plan is generated to describe an appropriate direction for the venture. In the sphere of the thesis, the author only concentrates on the process of implementi...

  5. Multi-criteria evaluation in strategic environmental assessment for waste management plan, a case study: the city of Belgrade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Josimović, Boško; Marić, Igor; Milijić, Saša

    2015-02-01

    Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is one of the key instruments for implementing sustainable development strategies in planning in general; in addition to being used in sectoral planning, it can also be used in other areas such as waste management planning. SEA in waste management planning has become a tool for considering the benefits and consequences of the proposed changes in space, also taking into account the capacity of space to sustain the implementation of the planned activities. In order to envisage both the positive and negative implications of a waste management plan for the elements of sustainable development, an adequate methodological approach to evaluating the potential impacts must be adopted and the evaluation results presented in a simple and clear way, so as to allow planners to make relevant decisions as a precondition for the sustainability of the activities planned in the waste management sector. This paper examines the multi-criteria evaluation method for carrying out an SEA for the Waste Management Plan for the city of Belgrade (BWMP). The method was applied to the evaluation of the impacts of the activities planned in the waste management sector on the basis of the environmental and socioeconomic indicators of sustainability, taking into consideration the intensity, spatial extent, probability and frequency of impact, by means of a specific planning approach and simple and clear presentation of the obtained results.

  6. Urban planning of a global city space: hi-hume technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krivykh Elena Georgievna

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the problem of urban planning of new social space of metropolises in order to involve Hi-hume technologies in this process, which are formed under the decisive influence of information technologies. Centrifugal tendencies are strengthened in the process of urbanization. The metropolis reflecting the diversity of its functions is turning into a "space of stream" with a polycentric structure, imbued with functional links. The need for reverse social bonds makes it necessary to create an effective communication interaction by means of modern architecture and urban planning decisions. Hi-hume technologies are presented as ones that provide a certain human behavior to create a harmonic friendly and self-sufficient environment. The space activity of people (in a professional sense - the activity of an architect in the intention boiled down to design and distribution of meanings within a universal theoretical and methodological system or to formation of the "urban artifact" in a unique historical and cultural context. There are specific examples of formation of the 21st century metropolis: the projects of complex development of the Big Paris and in Russia - the project of the Big Moscow. The increased sociability (of a human being is the subject of philosophical reflection over the interpretation of the new form of sociality as essentially communicative. Le Corbusier gives an idea of the primacy of the internal space over the external in the world-view of a person and suggests the necessity of sustaining spatial immune systems to protect a person against the absorption in social superstructures. Architects defend the idea of the "emotional experience of emptiness" necessity by the residents of cities. Hi-Tech has outpaced the development of the social sphere. And significance of Hi-hume technologies is that they contribute to social selection of individuals, who are the conductors of their impact.

  7. Preliminary business plan: District Heating Company for the city of Handlova, Slovakia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-06-01

    The city of Handlova, Slovakia, needs to replace its district heating system, which is old, unreliable, and expensive to maintain. The current plant is owned by a state-run utility, the Slovensky Energeticky Podnik (SEP). The plan is to privatize the heating plant, acquire capital to rehabilitate the central plant (converting it to a cogeneration facility), install a new hot-water distribution system, and implement an extensive energy efficiency effort in the residential buildings on the system. System capacity is 100 MWt, with annual heat sales estimated to be 450,000 gigajoules per year (GJ/yr). The capital necessary for system improvements is estimated to be 465 million Slovakian Krowns (SK) (in 1997 price levels). The total market value of existing fixed assets that will survive the rehabilitation effort as part of the new systems is estimated at 342 million SK. There has been substantial analysis and preparation for this activity, which is documented in demand-side and supply-side technical and economic analyses, an integrated demand/supply report, and this preliminary business plan. The preparation includes investigation of ownership, management, and technology alternatives; estimation of the market value of existing assets and investment requirements; and forecasting of future cash flows. These preliminary projections indicate that the cost of heating from the new system will be reasonable from both a cost per unit of energy basis (SK/GJ) and, form the perspective of an apartment dweller in Handlova, on a total cost per year basis. Delivering heat at the projected cost will, however, require a substantial change in the way that the heating plant is run, with proportionally very large reductions in labor, operations and maintenance, and overhead charges. In addition, there will need to be significant revenues from the sale of electricity to the national grid.

  8. 城市公共空间与城市规划体系的构建%Constructing the City Public Space and City Planning System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨江山; 郭超

    2014-01-01

    本文首先对城市公共空间的定义进行了分析和阐述,进而以以人为本的思想,探讨了城市规划体系的构建方法和措施,以期对推动城市的和谐稳定发展提供帮助。%This paper analyzes and expounds the definition of city public space,discusses the methods and measures of urban planning system construction on the base of people-oriented so as to promote the society's harmonious and stable develop-pment.

  9. School meal program in Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam: reality and future plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Duc Son Nguyen Trung

    2012-01-01

    The socio-economic status in Vietnam has developed during the past decades. People become busier for work, and thus they do not have enough time to prepare meal for their children. The school meal program, organized by Department of Education, was first implemented at a kindergarten in 1977, which has been extended to elementary school since 1980. Up to date, 100% of kindergarten and approximately 90% of elementary schools have school meal programs. The purposes of this program are to provide appropriate meals for students, and to serve as education and communication tool for students. About 90% of school meals are prepared in the school's kitchen and the rest are provided by food companies. The weekly menu provides approximately 30% of recommended dietary allowances (RDA) for students. To date, there has been is no official dietitian training school in Vietnam. The head of school kitchen, who is not dietitian, is required to participate in a short-term training course, where s/he learns basic nutrition, nutrition requirements and food hygiene and safety. The food companies, which provide meals to school, must be approved for the hygiene and safety condition by the Human Health Services Department of Ho Chi Minh City. In the next plan of national nutrition strategy, establishing dietitian training schools will be prioritized. In addition, the regular nutritional surveillance for school-aged students will be introduced in school system thus we can develop and evaluate the school meal program in terms of nutrients, food safety and nutrition education.

  10. Optimization of the Waterbus Operation Plan Considering Carbon Emissions: The Case of Zhoushan City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juying Wang

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Recently, as more people are concerned with the issues around environment protection, research about how to reduce carbon emissions has drawn increasing attention. Encouraging public transportation is an effective measure to reduce carbon emissions. However, overland public transportation does less to lower carbon because of the gradually increasing pressure of the urban road traffic. Therefore, the waterbus along the coast becomes a new direction of the urban public transport development. In order to optimize the operation plan of the waterbus, a bi-level model considering carbon emissions is proposed in this paper. In the upper-level model, a multiple objective model is established, which considers both the interests of the passengers and the operator while considering the carbon emissions. The lower-level model is a traffic model split by using a Nested Logit model. A NSGA-II (Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm-II algorithm is proposed to solve the model. Finally, the city of Zhoushan is chosen as an example to prove the feasibility of the model and the algorithm. The result shows that the proposed model for waterbus operation optimization can efficiently reduce transportation carbon emissions and satisfy passenger demand at the same time.

  11. How planners' use and non-use of expert knowledge in land use and transport planning affect the goal achievement potential of plans? Experiences from three Scandinavian cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tennøy, Aud; Hansson, Lisa; Lissandrello, Enza;

    2015-01-01

    problems. This paper examines how planners' use and non-use of expert knowledge affect the content and goal achievement of plans, and discusses how changes in planning practice and research practice can contribute to improve goal achievement potentials. Goal achievement potential refers to whether...... this issue have emerged, but few empirical studies have been presented. The research in this paper involves case studies of strategic plan-making processes in three Scandinavian cities. A main finding is that whether the expert knowledge in question is used or not, and how it is used, indeed affect the goal......, and as arguments for selecting traffic-reducing measures. All examined plans also include strategies reducing their goal achievement potentials. This happens through a mix of mechanisms. When competing objectives or ideas seemingly call for traffic-increasing measures, the planners do not use the expert knowledge...

  12. Spatial Planning and High-tech Development A comparative study of Eindhoven city-region, the Netherlands and Hsinchu City-region, Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-Ju Huang

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available High-tech development—which lies at the very heart of the processes of economic growth—has been recognised by many developed and developing countries as a strategic instrument to enhance and sustain their competitiveness in the global economic network. Although the concept of high-tech development differs between countries, many share the underlying assumption that the core of high-tech development is to create a sound environment where innovation thrives. This ideology implies a definite spatial dimension. As a result, various spatial strategies have been formulated and implemented to support high-tech development. This has had intentional and unintentional effects on the economy, society and space.Numerous studies have been devoted to exploring, analysing and theorising this global phenomenon. However, there has been less attention given to the role spatial planning may play in the process of high-tech development and to the factors that shape the spatial planning approaches to high-tech development in a particular place. The major objectives of this research are to advance the knowledge of the role of spatial planning in the process of high-tech development, and to establish an analytical framework that helps reveal the major institutional factors that shape spatial planning mechanisms for dealing with the spatial issues of high-tech development in different places. This contributes to the field of high-tech spatial policies transfer and lesson-drawing.In order to explore the major factors that shape the practices of spatial planning in hightech development, a comparative approach is applied in this research. The Eindhoven city-region in the Netherlands and the Hsinchu city-region in Taiwan are selected as case study areas. Both city-regions can be recognised as success stories of high-tech development not only on a national scale but also on a global scale, despite the fact that they apply different approaches. In the Eindhoven city

  13. Achievement of Climate Planning Objectives among U.S. Member Cities of the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clinton, Kelsey W.; Lam, Nina S. N.

    2016-01-01

    In an effort to address climate change, many cities have joined the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) whose members commit to work toward five specific program objectives designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This study examines the extent to which 257 member cities in the US have been successful in achieving these program milestones and identifies factors that may explain variation in the performance of member cities. Potential influences on milestone attainment include socioeconomic, political and ideological characteristics of residents, length of ICLEI membership, existence of other climate programs within the state, and local environmental pressures. Multiple regression results indicate that length of membership is the strongest predictor of milestone attainment, regardless of local socioeconomic conditions, ideological and political orientations of residents, or other climate-related initiatives within the state. This finding supports the general effectiveness of ICLEI’s network organizational model and its outreach and education efforts. However, member cities facing more “climate stress”, including higher levels of hazardous air pollutants (HAP’s) and greater automobile use among residents are making slower progress. The findings yield insight into the conditions under which cities engaged in climate planning are more likely to succeed in reducing local greenhouse gas emissions-relevant information for planners, community stakeholders and administrators of organizations like ICLEI.

  14. Application of ecosystem health cost-effect analysis in eco-planning in Guangzhou City,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Xiurui; MAO Xianqiang; YANG Jurong; YANG Zhifeng

    2007-01-01

    Ecosystem health has been a focal point and research frontier of applied ecology in recent years,increasingly used in urban ecological studies.To quantify the effect of ecological improvement from eco-planning,an ecosystem health assessment method is used in eco-planning evaluation and decision support in the urban eco-planning research of Guangzhou City of China.Based on features of an urban ecosystem,five factors such as vigor,organizational structure,resilience,ability to maintain ecosystem service,and influence on people's health were selected to develop the assessment indicator system.Then.to evaluate the validity of planning measures,a cost-effect analysis of the different sce-narios on eco-planning was made,taking investment of the planned projects as the cost and ecosystem health state after implementing the scenarios as the effect.To establish priority of all the proposed planning schemes or countermeasures,variation of the ecosystem health state was evaluated when the investment of eco-environmental construction projects changes by±10%,±20% and±50%,respectively.Thus,the order of importance of eco-environment construction projects to the urban ecosystem health state Can be worked out,providing a reference for prioritizing the implementation of such urban eco-environmental projects.The study proved the trial value of an ecosystem health evaluation method in urban eco-planning research.

  15. City marketing - a significant planning tool for urban development in a globalised economy

    OpenAIRE

    Liouris, Christos; Deffner, Alex

    2005-01-01

    In our days it is a fact that what is projected as the 'image' of a city, can be more important than the reality of the city itself, in shaping visitors', investors', and even its own inhabitants' opinion of it. Marketing techniques are often used to help a city's transformation into a post-industrial centre of tourism, culture and redevelopment. In addition, urban tourism is playing an increasingly important role in deciding economic development strategies by the local governance authorities...

  16. Digitisation Project Planning in the Maribor City Library as a Form of Regional Cross Institutional Cooperation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Hriberšek Vuk

    2013-09-01

    Pohorju. The next project was initiated in cooperation with the Vurberk Tourist Association who contributed the photos for the exhibition about the Vurberk castle held at one of the branch libraries at Duplek. The Tourist Association was interested in the digitisation of their collection. Our partnership was extended to the Ivan Potrč Library of Ptuj and the Maribor University Library. In 201046 photos of the castle and the sanatorium of pulmonary disease, which was located in the castle during the second war, were digitised together with 12 postcards dating at the end of 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, and five older books about Vurberk. At first these items were accessible via dLib.si portal and later via the KAMRA portal, too. Although the Maribor City Library does not digitise such a large portion of library collection as other public libraries, it tries to cooperate in projects and ensure access to local history collections held by regional institutions. The partnership with the Maribor Regional Archive was to be established in 2012. A selection of materials of the former Tovarna avtomobilov Maribor (TAM was planned to be digitised. The factory was the leading national truck manufacturer in the postwar period. However, it was ruined at the end of the 20th century. A lot of local families were related to the factory. Because of the actuality of the theme, it is hoped that the project will reach its primary goal to attract a wide range of people.

  17. Multi-criteria evaluation in strategic environmental assessment for waste management plan, a case study: The city of Belgrade

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Josimović, Boško, E-mail: bosko@iaus.ac.rs; Marić, Igor; Milijić, Saša

    2015-02-15

    Highlights: • The paper deals with the specific method of multi-criteria evaluation applied in drafting the SEA for the Belgrade WMP. • MCE of the planning solutions, assessed according to 37 objectives of the SEA and four sets of criteria, was presented in the matrix form. • The results are presented in the form of graphs so as to be easily comprehensible to all the participants in the decision-making process. • The results represent concrete contribution proven in practice. - Abstract: Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is one of the key instruments for implementing sustainable development strategies in planning in general; in addition to being used in sectoral planning, it can also be used in other areas such as waste management planning. SEA in waste management planning has become a tool for considering the benefits and consequences of the proposed changes in space, also taking into account the capacity of space to sustain the implementation of the planned activities. In order to envisage both the positive and negative implications of a waste management plan for the elements of sustainable development, an adequate methodological approach to evaluating the potential impacts must be adopted and the evaluation results presented in a simple and clear way, so as to allow planners to make relevant decisions as a precondition for the sustainability of the activities planned in the waste management sector. This paper examines the multi-criteria evaluation method for carrying out an SEA for the Waste Management Plan for the city of Belgrade (BWMP). The method was applied to the evaluation of the impacts of the activities planned in the waste management sector on the basis of the environmental and socioeconomic indicators of sustainability, taking into consideration the intensity, spatial extent, probability and frequency of impact, by means of a specific planning approach and simple and clear presentation of the obtained results.

  18. Collaborating to Innovate: Achievements and Challenges in the New York City Sectors Initiative Planning Phase

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodruff-Bolte, Stacy; Spaulding, Shayne

    2007-01-01

    In 2004, the New York City Department of Small Business Services and representatives from the New York City Workforce Development Funders Group joined together to form the Workforce Innovation Fund (WIF) with the goal of sharing expertise and learning and providing an avenue to merge resources to support common goals. WIF's first project was the…

  19. FIRST STEPS IN URBAN PLANNING OF BULGARIAN CITIES WITH PARTICIPATION OF CZECH ARCHITECTS AND ENGINEERS AT THE TURN OF 19TH AND 20TH CENTURIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolay Brankov

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on beginnings of the urban planning and first organized planning activities of Bulgarian cities at the turn of 19th and 20th centuries when many Czech engineers and architects participated in significantly. A common feature of all Bulgarian cities was irregular structure and build-up area. The main task of the Czech engineers was to cope with this situation and to design modern cities. In general, the original structure did not make planning easy and unambiguous. Planning of the cities destroyed in the Russian-Turkish war in 1877-78 was easier. A possibility to apply a new city structure freely existed in Stara Zagora and partially in Nova Zagora. A usual principle was straightening of the streets where the engineers used original street network and the new modern streets were built according to it, e.g. the centre of Kystendil and the old part of Nova Zagora. These principles were used also in some central parts of Sofia and Plovdiv. The city of Sofia itself is a distinctive example. Although the original structure was preserved during the war and in the first steps the principle of straightening of the streets in the centre was applied, the other parts of Sofia were designed with a new structure and the old city disappeared. Plovdiv is in contrary to Sofia and its original structure was preserved as an old city and the new one was joined to it in neighbourhoods.

  20. Planning Greater Beijing and Building a World City Research on Spatial Development Planning for Beijing-Tianjin-Northern Hebei Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>1. Summary of the first phase re- search Beijing, as China’s capital, must develop into an integral part of the World City system to meet the challenges imposed by the international development of politics, economy and culture, though its current

  1. Hybrid modelling for ATES planning and operation in the Utrecht city centre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaxa-Rozen, Marc; Bloemendal, Martin; Kwakkel, Jan; Rostampour, Vahab

    2016-04-01

    Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) systems can significantly reduce the energy use and greenhouse gas emissions of buildings in temperate climates. However, the rapid adoption of these systems has evidenced a number of emergent issues with the operation and management of urban ATES systems, which require careful spatial planning to avoid thermal interferences or conflicts with other subsurface functions. These issues have become particularly relevant in the Netherlands, which are currently the leading market for ATES (Bloemendal et al., 2015). In some urban areas of the country, the adoption of ATES technology is thus becoming limited by the available subsurface space. This scarcity is partly caused by current approaches to ATES planning; as such, static permits tend to overestimate pumping rates and yield excessive safety margins, which in turn hamper the energy savings which could be realized by new systems. These aspects are strongly influenced by time-dependent dynamics for the adoption of ATES systems by building owners and operators, and by the variation of ATES well flows under uncertain conditions for building energy demand. In order to take these dynamics into account, previous research (Jaxa-Rozen et al., 2015) introduced a hybrid simulation architecture combining an agent-based model of ATES adoption, a Matlab control design, and a MODFLOW/SEAWAT aquifer model. This architecture was first used to study an idealized case of urban ATES development. This case evidenced a trade-off between the thermal efficiency of individual systems and the collective energy savings realized by ATES systems within a given area, which had already been suggested by other research (e.g. Sommer et al., 2015). These results also indicated that current layout guidelines may be overly conservative, and limit the adoption of new systems. The present study extends this approach to a case study of ATES planning in the city centre of Utrecht, in the Netherlands. This case is

  2. Territorial Politics and formal structures of governance in spatial planning: insights from the Dublin city-region (NIRSA) Working Paper Series 64

    OpenAIRE

    Walsh, Cormac

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents the argument that the contents of spatial plans and the discursive framing of processes of spatial strategy-making are structured by the political geography of the formal institutions of governance through which spatial plans derive their legitimacy. At the same time spatial planning processes and strategies themselves may be active in the social construction of particular spatial (territorial and scalar) configurations. Spatial planning strategies for cities a...

  3. Sustainable Development Index of Pedras de Fogo /PB: Contributive Subsidies on Planning City Sustainability

    OpenAIRE

    Gesinaldo Ataíde Cândido; Maria de Fátima Nóbrega Barbosa

    2010-01-01

    The sustainable development is a complex and fundamental issue to face the environmental crisis and because of that it calls the different segments of the society attention. As a mechanism to understand this important issue, several system- level indicators have arisen in order to measure the level of sustainability of countries, states and more recently, the cities. The aim of this article is to show the sustainability development index of Pedras de Fogo /PB as a mean to purchase the city pl...

  4. Co-Creative, Re-Generative Smart Cities. Smart Cities and Planning in a Living Lab Perspective 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano De Bonis

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available A particularly mild approach in money supply over three decades at the international level has encouraged the piling up of substantial amounts of debt through urban investment, particularly in less competitive systems . It appears therefore necessary ato elaborate stringent "urban financial statements", through a kind of digital agenda able to provide geo-referenced economic indicators about structure, value and performance of urban capital, and therefore capable to serve as a guide in future allocative choices of the myriad of holders of some stake of the above urban capital. Recognizing the role of such a multiplicity of stakeholders means to radically reconsider the transcendent assumptions of spatial planning in favor of an immanent view of it, also suitable as reference to integrate, in a single digital guidance framework, both the above geo-referenced economic indicators and the expressions (“images” coming from the stakeholders themselves. But it also means to refer to a model of self-governance of innovation, intended as a socially driven, organic process, embedded in scalable and resilient network ecosystems. This is essentially the mandate of a Territorial Living Lab, for which nevertheless governance is itself a matter for experimentation and innovation, as well of contamination with other models, within the objective of combining capital investments in urban regeneration with the need to attain an effective yield on such investments through diffused and citizen-based ownership of the urban innovation they aim to spark off.

  5. Integrating Infrastructure-Relevant Climate Projections into City Planning: Learning from Boulder CO, Austin TX and Washington DC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoner, A. M. K.; Hayhoe, K.

    2015-12-01

    Over the coming century, climate change has the potential to impact infrastructure in many different ways, particularly in population-dense areas that depend on transportation and built environments. Many of these impacts may occur via changes in the frequency and magnitude of extremes: high and low temperature, heat waves, precipitation, coastal flooding, and storm events. Having a better idea of how the climate might change locally, both within the near future as well as toward the end of the century, can give city planners and engineers guidance when designing new structures and when repairing and fortifying existing components of buildings, bridges, highways, sewers, ports, etc. However, the type of event and the amount of damages that may be incurred are often highly specific to a given location. Over the last 10 years, we have worked with a broad range of cities, states, non-profit organizations, and federal agencies to integrate climate projections into ongoing resiliency, sustainability, and management processes. Drawing on that experience, we describe the broad steps in assimilating climate information into existing decision-making frameworks relevant to most applications, as well as highlighting many of the unique aspects of these analyses using examples from our most recent work with three very different cities - Austin TX, Boulder CO and Washington DC. From initial conversations with local experts to identify relevant thresholds to final integration of projected changes into the planning processes of these cities, these case studies highlight the utility of including future climate projections into infrastructure planning, the challenges to doing so, and the over-arching importance of communication and interaction between infrastructure experts, engineers, and scientists.

  6. Urbanismo vs urbanización: distintas modalidades de hacer ciudad. / Town planning versus urbanization. Different ways of doing city.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cardenas Jirón, Luz Alicia

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available El Plan Regulador Comunal es el instrumento normativo de planeación urbanística chilena, cuya formulación pretende regular en el ámbito comunal básicamente los siguientes aspectos: los usos de suelo, las condiciones de edificación y subdivisión del suelo, la red vial estructurante y los limites urbanos.Se cree que este instrumento es imperfecto toda vez que no incorpora en la normativa una dimensión clave del urbanismo: la morfología urbana, entendida como el sistema espacial tridimensional de la ciudad. Por el contrario, el análisis empírico demuestra que factores como la forma urbana son respuestas del libre juego de fuerzas económicas y sociales modeladoras del espacio. En consecuencia, lo que domina es un patrón de urbanización en vez de un proyecto de urbanismo; las cuales son modalidades muy distintas de hacer ciudad.Este articulo pretende demostrar que la forma urbana, derivada de la aplicación del instrumento normativo en una comuna perimetral metropolitana como es Maipú, es uno de los impactos no previstos por el Plan Regulador, pero que podría incorporarse en un nuevo instrumento de planificación urbana./ Metropolitan Santiago is one of the many Latin American cities which has been developed according to a spread model of urbanisation. This pattern has caused at least two types of consequences: economic and physical ones. The former is shown in the speculation of land value at the rural fringe of the metropolitan area which has low prices, these have suddenly increased after the normative changes in the land use, from rural to urban. The later shows location of massive low-income housing and commercial malls regardless connection to the urban fabric and spatial shaping of the existing city. This results in a chaotic urban form resembling a "patchwork".This paper reviews the scope of a Chilean policy instrument called "Plan Regulador" used to control physical urban growth, particularly sprawled on the fringe of the

  7. THE ‘TYRANNY OF THE LINE’: CITY PLANNING IN COLONIAL PHNOM PENH, 1860s – 1940s

    OpenAIRE

    Kolnberger, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    THE ‘TYRANNY OF THE LINE’: CITY PLANNING IN COLONIAL PHNOM PENH, 1860s – 1940s. Thomas Kolnberger Université du Luxembourg, FLSHASE (Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education), Research Unit IPSE (Identités.Politique.Sociétés.Espaces), Campus Walferdange, Route de Diekirch (B.P.2), L-7201 Walferdange, Luxemburg This paper aims to highlight the role and influence of both ‘colonizer’ and ‘colonized’ on place and space. Their specific purposes are part of a ...

  8. Social Capital and Longitudinal Change in Sustainability Plans and Policies: U.S. Cities from 2000 to 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Pierce

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study examines changes from 2000 to 2010 in the adoption of sustainability plans and policies in a sample of U.S. cities. The study’s framework posits sustainability initiatives as communitarian outcomes intended to meet the needs of both current and future generations. We hypothesize, accordingly, that a community’s social capital level, in the form of the relative presence of social trust, is a primary facilitating condition for the adoption of sustainability initiatives. The analysis assesses whether trust-based social capital is similarly associated with the adoption of plans and policies at both time points (2000 and 2010, as well as whether social capital is associated with change in the adoption levels documented across the ten-year period. The paper concludes by suggesting that the effect of social capital is substantially reduced in 2010 as a consequence of institutional network dynamics featured in the theory of isomorphic change.

  9. ANCIENT CITY PLANNING SYSTEM OF CHINA IN ZHOU LI%《周礼》中的中国古代城市规划制度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙施文

    2012-01-01

    通过对《周礼》文本的解读,在对其记载的与城市规划过程相关的官职及其职责进行整理的基础上,较为全面地揭示了《周礼》所记载的中国古代城市规划制度的基本架构并展示了其中的复杂性.论文提出,要理解中国古代城市规划,不能仅局限于《考工记》的记载,需要有更为广泛的研究,《周礼》提供了其中更为本质性的一部分.%Based on the review of Chinese classic Zhou Li and reorganization of the official positions and their responsibilities relevant to city planning recorded in it, the paper interprets the fundamental framework of city planning system in ancient China and indicates its complexity. The paper also puts forward that another Chinese classic Kao Gong Ji, which was a supplement of Zhou Li and was widely regarded as the fountainhead of city planning in ancient China, just recorded the norm of city form and imposed restrictions on city builders. The study on city planning institution in ancient China needs more adequate research, and the contents in Zhou Li have provided an essential part.

  10. Cities and mobility: a planning guideline for community-compatible mobility; Stadtwege: Planungsleitfaden fuer Stadtvertraegliche Mobilitaet in Kommunen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    So far, municipal transport planning and policy have not really resulted in pioneering concepts for solving problems arising from the transport issue common to all cities. Even individual promising approaches, which mostly relate to singular aspects of municipal transport policy, cannot obscure the fact that the routines of transport planning obviate innovative impulses. Even the research project's two exemplary municipalities, Freiburg and Schwerin, are a long way from having attained a mobility beneficial to the community (as reflected in a report on these cities' transport situation in the annex). In both there are elements of motor-vehicle-oriented planning and transport policy, but also, in part, distinct clues to a decline in car orientation and to the furtherance of alternative, environmentally compatible means of transport. The present guideline wants to open up new perspectives and give concerned planners impulses. It summarizes results from the research project 'Compatibility of urban mobility' and describes new ideas and paradigms in municipal transport planning and policy. (orig.) [German] Kommunale Verkehrsplanung und -politik hat bisher nicht zu wirklich zukunftsweisenden Loesungsentwuerfen der flaechendeckend festzustellenden Verkehrsproblematik in den Staedten gefuehrt. Auch einzelne gute Ansaetze, die meist auf singulaere Aspekte der staedtischen Verkehrspolitik bezogen sind, koennen nicht darueber hinwegtaeuschen, dass die Routinen der Verkehrsplanung den Blick auf innovative Impulse verstellen. Auch die beiden Modellkommunen des Forschungsprojektes, Freiburg und Schwerin, sind um einiges von dem Ziel der Stadtvertraeglichen Mobilitaet entfernt (s. verkehrliche Zustandsbeschreibung im Anhang). In beiden Staedten finden sich Elemente der autoorientierten Planung und Verkehrspolitik, aber auch zum Teil deutliche Hinweise des Zurueckdraengens der Autoorientierung und der Foerderung der umweltvertraeglichen

  11. Value added planning: yes, in my backyard! : understanding value added planning in the city of Amersfoort, the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Diemont, E.; Cilliers, J.; Stobbelaar, D.J.; Timmermans, W.

    2011-01-01

    Amersfoort local municipality would like to renew the quality of the green spaces within the urban areas, to enhance the value of these spaces and to determine the economic value of green spaces. The concept of Value Added Planning was introduced to address these objectives. The value of green is hi

  12. Sustainable living in a Chinese city. Analysis and support for market-conscious urban planning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hu, H.

    2014-01-01

    In the transition from a state-led industrial to a market-driven post-industrial urban economy, China’s planners are facing challenges in building sustainable living environment for the rapidly increasing and wealthier urban population.Citizens are the end-users of the sustainable city. Their prefer

  13. Framework for reports on urban energy planning in 6 case cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje; Große, Juliane;

    The purpose of this report (Deliverable 4.1) is to provide guidance for the work on Deliverable 4.2 (D4.2). D4.2 will consist of six separate case study reports (or ‘city reports’, one for each of the 6 PLEEC cities) which will be conducted by different persons of the Work package 4 (WP4)-team....... Therefore it is important to have a joint framework, defining the relevant questions and issues which should be worked on. However, as the six cities are very different, the framework stays at a general level to allow different foci in each of the reports. The main addressee is the WP4-team who will work...... in February 2014 with city partners and the WP4 workshop in Turku in March 2014. Some background material can be found in the Annex. Notes from the meetings are available on the internal PLEEC homepage. The PLEEC project Energy efficiency is high on the European agenda. One of the goals of the European Union...

  14. "EII META-MODEL" ON INTEGRATION FRAMEWORK FOR VIABLE ENTERPRISE SYSTEMS - CITY PLANNING METAPHOR BASED ON STRUCTURAL SIMILARITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yukio NAMBA; Junichi IIJIMA

    2003-01-01

    Enterprise systems must have the structure to adapt the change of business environment. Whenrebuilding enterprise system to meet the extended operational boundaries, the concept of IT cityplanning is applicable and effective. The aim of this paper is to describe the architectural approachfrom the integrated information infrastructure (In3) standpoint and to propose for applying the "CityPlanning" concept for rebuilding "inter-application spaghetti" enterprise systems. This is mainlybecause the portion of infrastructure has increased with the change of information systems fromcentralized systems to distributed and open systems. As enterprise systems have involvedheterogeneity or architectural black box in them, it may be required the integration framework(meta-architecture) as a discipline based on heterogeneity that can provide comprehensive view of theenterprise systems. This paper proposes "EH Meta-model" as the integration framework that canoptimize the overall enterprise systems from the IT city planning point of view. EH Meta-modelconsists of "Integrated Information Infrastructure Map (In3-Map)", "Service Framework" and "ITScenario". It would be applicable and effective for the viable enterprise, because it has the mechanismto adapt the change. Finally, we illustrate a case of information system in an online securitiescompany and demonstrate applicability and effectiveness of EII Meta-model to meet their businessgoals.

  15. 城市广场色彩规划初探%A Primary Study on City Square Color Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建滨; 王旭

    2012-01-01

    From defining the concept of city square color and analyzing its features, we put forward three principles of square color planning which is based on the premise that we advocate respecting people's psychological perception. Furthermore, under the guide of color psychology, we try to make a primary study on the methods and applications in city square color and lighting color planning from the macroscopic angle of functional properties and the microcosmic angle of the elements.%该文从界定城市广场色彩的概念和分析其特点入手,在提倡尊重使用人群心理感知的前提下提出了广场色彩规划的三原则,并在色彩心理学的指导下,从功能性质的宏观角度和构成元素的微观角度初步探究城市广场色彩及照明色彩规划的方法及其应用.

  16. On landscape planning for Ancient City of Spring and Autumn Period%春秋古城景观规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗晓祥

    2012-01-01

    According to the design idea of making up the urban texture and reshaping the historical space, the paper reflects the local features and the culture of the Spring and Autumn Period, illustrates the planning ideas for the tourist resorts by combining the historical culture of the ancient city with the modern one perfectly and redisplaying the vicissitude, the classical elegance and the magnificence of the former city, and highlights the design ideas for the ancient building space with the sense of recognition and the art of the North folk buildings, so as to provide some reference for the design of landscape planning for relative tourist real estate%按照“织补城市肌理,再现历史空间”的设计理念,在体现肥城本地地方特色和春秋文化底蕴的同时,注入旅游景区的规划理念,使古城历史文化与现代都市完美结合,再现昔日古城的沧桑、古朴与庄重,突出了具有认同感和北方民居神韵的古建筑空间设计理念,旨在为相关旅游地产景观规划设计提供参考借鉴。

  17. 无缝之城:前瞻2050%Cities without seams: forward planning for 2050

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金鹰

    2012-01-01

    中国大城市目前所经历的发展变迁可能是城市建设最具可变性的阶段.利用这一阶段的优势,城市建设者的核心任务之一就是建设“无缝”城市,亦即减少城市中各个实体边界所造成的阻抗效应.英国和欧洲城市的经验教训说明提高城市密度、建设紧凑城市的做法亟需考虑城市活动密度增加是否会导致缝隙效应的恶化.新近正在涌现的车辆控制技术和协调城市基础设施建设的新做法都是减少城市缝隙效应的契机.%Most large cities in China are experiencing a transitional stage when physical growth may be at its most fluid, with multiple urban centres competing for growth. One of the central tasks at this stage is to aim for seamlessness in cities, i.e. to reduce the impedance effects caused by visible and invisible boundaries between urban entities. The lessons from cities in the UK and European cities suggest that compacting urban activities in cities needs more careful consideration: the agglomeration benefits that arise from densification can only be achieved if the impedance effects are effectively addressed. Emerging technologies in vehicles and a new philosophy in coordinating urban infrastructure development can provide new triggers for transforming how we live and work in the urban environment.

  18. Urban Land-banking Planning: A New Instrument to Regulate Urban Land Supply-demand of Nanjing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tu Xiaosong; Pu Lijie; Huang Xianjin; Jin Xiaobin

    2008-01-01

    It is the major purpose of the paper to present the urban land-banking planning and its functions of promoting the urban land-banking system and land use administration. The urban land-banking system has the potential attribute of acting as an irreplaceable role in urban land administration, but its unexpected function-deviation has impacted its implementation effect in China. A few city governments are attempting to deal with the problem by the urban land-banking planning which is expected to contribute to the extension of urban function, optimization of urban patterns, promotion of urban core competitiveness and overall construction of the urban value chain. In this paper, we primarily discuss the necessity, functions, purposes and main contents of the urban land-banking planning. Subsequently, the implementing situation of the urban land-banking system in Nan-jing is analyzed, including its integrated mode, spatio-temporal quantitative distribution and main characteristics. Finally, the background and targets including total, compositions, space, and regulation points are gradually introduced to present the Nanjing land-banking planning version 2.

  19. ¿Hacia el no-plan de la no-ciudad? / Towards the non-plan non-city?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavez R. María Isabel

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Los proyectos de Planes Reguladores de las comunas de Pirque y Peñaflor, en la Región Metropolitana de Santiago -correspondientes a prestaciones de servicios profesionales de los autores, arquitectos del Departamento de Urbanismo de la F.A.U. de la Universidad de Chile- y los cambios estructurales en la Micro-Región de Santiago, sugieren reflexiones sobre la actuación en Urbanismo en Chile en la primera mitad de los años 1990s./ Regulators Plan projects in the communes of Pirque and Peñaflor, in the Metropolitan Region of Santiago de Chile and structural changes in the Micro-Region of Santiago, suggest reflections on the role in town planning in Chile in the first half of the 1990s.

  20. Strategic Planning for Grapes Product Development in Takestan City Through using SWOT Matrix

    OpenAIRE

    Masoud Rahmani

    2013-01-01

    Achieving development, particularly development in agriculture sector requires principled efficient planning and accurate implementation of the plan. This involves exact awareness of facilities, opportunities, capabilities and constraints in reaching a favorable situation. This study aims at identifying the strategies required for success and development in local and global markets of grapes through using SWOT (Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats) method. It firstly studies the theoret...

  1. A City Plans for Bicycles: A Case Study of Olympia, Washington.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litman, Todd

    1990-01-01

    Discusses community planning for bicycling programs with emphasis on safety education for children and adults, enforcement of bicycle laws, engineering improvements, and special events. Describes how Olympia improved existing bicycling facilities and summarizes planning, communication, engineering, and policy issues addressed. (SV)

  2. Mobility and participatory planning in bogotá and medellín: relationship with cities in colombia and south america

    OpenAIRE

    Torres-González, Jaime

    2014-01-01

    The article approaches the issue of urban mobility in Colombia by means of analyzing different bodies of data such as: population growth in five national cities, Bogota's institutional development over the last twenty years, successful participatory planning in the city of Medellín, effects of economic conurbation in large urban centers, the successful implementation of public transportation systems in comparison with other South American metropolis, Bogota's road and street condition, and th...

  3. Site observational work plan for the UMTRA Project Site at Tuba City, Arizona

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The requirements for ground water compliance for Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project sites, including the Tuba City, Arizona, site, are found in the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act; Subparts B and C of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings (40 CFR 192 (1994)), and the associated proposed 1987 standards (52 FR 36000). During the surface remedial action, an estimated 1,400,000 cubic yards (yd3) (1,100,000 cubic meters [m3]) of uranium mill tailings and other contaminated materials were consolidated and stabilized in place in an unlined disposal cell covering 50 acres (20 hectares). The surface remedial action was completed in April 1990. Ground water beneath the Tuba City site was contaminated by subsurface migration of water from uranium ore processing activities. The main source of contaminants was water from the tailings piles that began in 1956 when the mill opened and ended in 1966 when the mill closed. A total of 800,000 tons (725,000 tonnes) of uranium ore were processed onsite over a 10-year period. Two processes were used to refine the ore: an acid leach process and a sodium carbonate alkaline process. Water from these tailings then seeped into the ground and migrated downward to the ground water. The Tuba City site is currently in a post-stabilization, prelicensing status. The preliminary ground water compliance strategy at the Tuba City site is active remediation. The specific technology to be evaluated is in situ bioremediation. This selection was made because of the potential ability of bioremediation to reduce concentrations to lower levels than a conventional extraction system and to minimize disturbance of the water resource

  4. Planning and Construction of Low Carbon Cities:The Relevance of Cost-Benefit Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Stanley; C.T.YIP

    2011-01-01

    Cities are the major source of carbon dioxide emissions in China,and are the critical locations where emissions should be effectively managed.Adopting a low carbon urban development model is the pathway towards reducing the emissions.A low carbon city development model means achieving efficient and effective urban growth through low energy consumption and low emissions.While many local authorities in China have started to express the intention to construct low carbon cities,it is important to emphasize the need to apply a Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) to low carbon urban policies and development projects.Since all policies and projects will have their costs and benefits to the society,the effects of the policies and projects on reducing emissions should be measured and assessed objectively.Through the setting up of an analysis framework to assess the costs and benefits,one can provide a scientific basis for decision making,and enhance the overall efficiency in the use of resources for the society as a whole.

  5. The Application of Scenario Analysis in the Overall Planning of Land Use:A Case Study of Shangluo City in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Pi-ling; YANG Hai-juan

    2012-01-01

    The overall planning of land use is a complex process of joint action of social system, natural and economic conditions. On the basis of summarizing the existing researches, we select Shaanxi’s Shangluo City, located in the Qinba mountainous area as the study object, to expound the concept and steps of scenario analysis based on land use change data, under the guidance of ecological safety and sustainable development theory. We design four different scenarios of land use planning program in Shangluo City during the period 2006-2020, and use grey linear programming model to analyze each scenario. The results show that the scenario analysis is feasible in the adjustment of land use structure in Shangluo City; operable in the determining of land use planning program on a macro-municipal scale.

  6. ALBANIAN LAW ON CITY PLANNING: CRITICAL SUMMARY OF ITS MAJOR PROVISIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Jacobs, Harvey M.; Craig, William

    1997-01-01

    This paper includes, as an annex, Law No. 7693, "On Urban Planning," from the People's Assembly of the Republic of Albania. Conceptually, this law has five major parts: (1) planning generally, (2) getting construction permission, (3) special provisions for tourist zones, (4) special provisions for military zones and zones with singular (that is, archaeological, historical, or cultural) value, and (5) penalties for violations. These parts are described and discussed.

  7. 基于GIS技术的城市土地规划问题研究%The Research of the City Land Planning Base on GIS Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李水龙; 雷国平; 陆海

    2013-01-01

    介绍目前我国城市土地规划中的突出问题,提出了利用GIS强大的空间数据分析能力,为城市土地科学合理的规划提供技术支持。%In this paper , we introduce some serious problems of city land planning , and point out that using some powerful analyzing foundations for spatial data of GIS provides technological supports for scientific and reasonable planning of city land .

  8. Site observational work plan for the UMTRA project site at Falls City, Texas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-09-01

    During surface remedial action, an estimated 7.0 million tons (6.4 million tonnes) of uranium mill tailings and other contaminated materials were consolidated and stabilized on the Falls City site. The ground water protection strategy at the Falls City disposal site for the UMTRA Surface Project (Subpart A of 40 CFR Part 192 (1994)) was an application for supplemental standards, based on Class III (limited use) ground water in the uppermost aquifer. This water is not a current or potential source of drinking water. Ground water from the uppermost aquifer (ground water from the Deweesville/Conquista Members and the Dilworth Member) contains widespread ambient contamination resulting from naturally occurring conditions and from the effects of human activity not related to uranium milling operations (uranium exploration and mining activities). The ground water cannot be effectively cleaned up for drinking or other beneficial purposes using treatment methods reasonably employed by public water supply systems. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the state of Texas concurred with the ground water protection strategy for the disposal site in September 1992. Surface remedial action in accord with Subpart A was completed in April 1994. The proposed ground water compliance strategy (Subpart B of 40 CFR Part 192 (1994)) at the Falls City site is to perform no remedial action based on application for supplemental standards because the ground water in the uppermost aquifer is classified as Class III ground water. Class III ground water includes ground water that is not a current or potential source of drinking water because of widespread, ambient contamination that cannot be cleaned up using treatment methods reasonably employed by public water supply systems (40 CFR {section} 192.11 (e) (1994)). Although supplemental standards are being applied, the potential use of ground water in the site vicinity will be protected.

  9. Plan for Prevention of Natural Hazards in Urban Areas. Case of the City of Constantine (Algeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ykhlef Boubakeur

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Natural hazards are caused by different phenomena: landslides, earthquakes, floods etc. All the manifestations of forces of nature are called phenomena. We are speaking then of natural risks when these problems are threatening, with varying degrees, human activities, causing significant damage to human life, property and the environment. The need to consider natural hazards in land use planning tasks has become a major concern. During these past years, Algeria has been hit by frequent natural disasters, with the most recent ones endangering the lives of people and causing priceless damage, faced with such a situation the company of adequate measures, capable of exercising effective prevention, is essential. In addition to the seismic risk, for which prevention still needs to be improved, Algeria must also face gravity processes such as landslides. By their suddenness, they can put people in danger and destroy entire buildings involving the evacuation of entire neighbourhoods where the financial impact is significant on the state budget and local government. The main interest of this paper is the feasibility of a plan for prevention of natural disasters related to landslides based on geological maps, topography, hydrogeological and on existing buildings and vulnerability, and eventually lead to a Zoning risk that would be considered for inclusion in the Master Plan of Urban Planning and Land Use Plan and provide support for decisions taken by local authorities for the selection of sites.

  10. Climate Information for Improved Planning and Management of Mega Cities (Needs Perspective)

    OpenAIRE

    Mills, G.; Cleugh, H.; R Emmanuel; Endlicher, W.; E. Erell; McGranahan, G.; Ng, E; Nickson, A; Klein-Rosenthal, Joyce Ellen; Steemer, K.

    2010-01-01

    The majority of the population of the planet (6.6 billion) now live in urban areas, which have distinct impacts upon climate at scales from the local to the global. This urban effect is due to the physical form of the city (its three-dimensional geometry and material composition) and its functions (the day-to-day activity patterns that generate emissions of waste heat and materials into the overlying air). While a substantial body of knowledge on the science of urban climates has been develop...

  11. Clean Cities Strategic Planning White Paper: Light Duty Vehicle Fuel Economy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saulsbury, Bo [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Hopson, Dr Janet L [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Greene, David [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Gibson, Robert [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

    2015-04-01

    Increasing the energy efficiency of motor vehicles is critical to achieving national energy goals of reduced petroleum dependence, protecting the global climate, and promoting continued economic prosperity. Even with fuel economy and greenhouse gas emissions standards and various economic incentives for clean and efficient vehicles, providing reliable and accurate fuel economy information to the public is important to achieving these goals. This white paper reviews the current status of light-duty vehicle fuel economy in the United States and the role of the Department of Energy (DOE) Clean Cities Program in disseminating fuel economy information to the public.

  12. Urban planning, local democracy and globalisation: the experience in three world cities

    OpenAIRE

    Thornley, Andy

    2002-01-01

    O artigo analisa o impacto da globalização económica no planeamento urbano. Demonstra como as cidades se encontram a interiorizar uma visão específica da globalização, respondendo com acções de city marketing. A atracção de investimento externo surge como uma das grandes prioridades do planeamento urbano. Esta visão é desenvolvida por novas elites urbanas, aqui chamadas de global growth coalitions, onde o sector empresarial é forte interventor, resultando numa ênfase em projectos de imagem, e...

  13. Urban Planning, Local Democracy and Globalisation: The Experience in Three World Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Thornley, Andy

    2002-01-01

    O artigo analisa o impacto da globalização económica no planeamento urbano. Demonstra como as cidades se encontram a interiorizar uma visão específica da globalização, respondendo com acções de city marketing. A atracção de investimento externo surge como uma das grandes prioridades do planeamento urbano. Esta visão é desenvolvida por novas elites urbanas, aqui chamadas de global growth coalitions, onde o sector empresarial é forte interventor, resultando numa ênfase em projectos de imagem, e...

  14. Baise City of Guangxi Province Plans to Build a Key Asian Aluminium Production Base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Baise City of Guangxi Province is launching a project to build the aluminium industry into a pillar industry worth 100 billion yuan,and make Baise a key aluminium production base in China and Asia at large,said Ma Biao, Chairman of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in a conference that concludes the per- formance of the government in the first half of the year.Guangxi,abundant in bauxite,is one of the four bauxite bases in China.Its potential reserve of bauxite tops 1 billion tons,mainly in

  15. 基于城市总体规划实施效果的研究与反思--以咸宁市城市总体规划为例%Research and Reflection on the Implementation of City Over all Planning--Taking the Over all Planning of Xianning City as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张帆

    2014-01-01

    城市总体规划是指导城市发展的重要公共政策,也是引导城乡统筹发展的纲领性文件。基于对咸宁市城市总规实施的反思,本文对总规指导城市建设发生的主要问题进行研究并提出规划改进建议和思考。%The overal city planning is an important public policy guidance of city development, is the programmatic doc-ument guiding the urban and rural balance development. Based on the reflection on the implementation of the general plan of Xianning city, this paper studies the main problems in the ov-eral planning guiding city construction, and proposes improv-ement suggestions and thoughts.

  16. 谈城市规划与环境保护问题%Discussion on city planning and environment protection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张瑞敏; 韩玉杰

    2014-01-01

    The paper discusses current urban problems including living rubbish,solid waste,air pollution,noise and water environment pollu-tion and other serious problems,and puts forward environment protecting countermeasures from aspects of city planning and environment protec-tion,with a view to realize the coordinate development of population,resource and environment.%对目前城市中存在的生活垃圾、固体废弃物、大气污染、噪声、水环境污染严重的问题进行了论述,从城市规划与环境保护的角度入手,提出了城市规划建设中保护环境的对策,以真正做到人口、资源与环境的协调发展。

  17. An Integrated Assessment Method for Sustainable Transport System Planning in a Middle Sized German City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Schmale

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite climate change mitigation and sustainability agendas, road transport systems in Germany and the resulting environmental burden are growing. Road transport is a significant source of emissions in urban areas and the infrastructure has a significant impact on the urban form. Nevertheless, mobility is a fundamental requirement for the satisfaction of the human desire to socially and economically engage in society. Considering these realities and the desire for sustainable development in a growing city (Potsdam, Germany, an integrated assessment methodology was co-developed among scientists and practitioners to prioritize a suite of transport-related measures. The methodology reflects the city’s qualitative and quantitative goals to improve public transport and promote sustainability, capturing synergies in categories that include environmental considerations as well as road safety, eco-mobility, and quality of life. This approach applies a multi-criteria analysis (MCA to derive a practically relevant solution for the local traffic and mobility problems that fosters ownership and accountability of all involved. This paper reflects on the process of developing the MCA, and the different aspects that were found important and required consideration during the process. Recommendations on specific traffic-related measures and the assessment of their effectiveness are not given. The aim is that such process information could foster greater collaboration within city departments and similar transdisciplinary efforts.

  18. Planning the City Logistics Terminal Location by Applying the Green p-Median Model and Type-2 Neurofuzzy Network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pamučar, Dragan; Vasin, Ljubislav; Atanasković, Predrag; Miličić, Milica

    2016-01-01

    The paper herein presents green p-median problem (GMP) which uses the adaptive type-2 neural network for the processing of environmental and sociological parameters including costs of logistics operators and demonstrates the influence of these parameters on planning the location for the city logistics terminal (CLT) within the discrete network. CLT shows direct effects on increment of traffic volume especially in urban areas, which further results in negative environmental effects such as air pollution and noise as well as increased number of urban populations suffering from bronchitis, asthma, and similar respiratory infections. By applying the green p-median model (GMM), negative effects on environment and health in urban areas caused by delivery vehicles may be reduced to minimum. This model creates real possibilities for making the proper investment decisions so as profitable investments may be realized in the field of transport infrastructure. The paper herein also includes testing of GMM in real conditions on four CLT locations in Belgrade City zone.

  19. Planning the City Logistics Terminal Location by Applying the Green p-Median Model and Type-2 Neurofuzzy Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragan Pamučar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper herein presents green p-median problem (GMP which uses the adaptive type-2 neural network for the processing of environmental and sociological parameters including costs of logistics operators and demonstrates the influence of these parameters on planning the location for the city logistics terminal (CLT within the discrete network. CLT shows direct effects on increment of traffic volume especially in urban areas, which further results in negative environmental effects such as air pollution and noise as well as increased number of urban populations suffering from bronchitis, asthma, and similar respiratory infections. By applying the green p-median model (GMM, negative effects on environment and health in urban areas caused by delivery vehicles may be reduced to minimum. This model creates real possibilities for making the proper investment decisions so as profitable investments may be realized in the field of transport infrastructure. The paper herein also includes testing of GMM in real conditions on four CLT locations in Belgrade City zone.

  20. Planning the City Logistics Terminal Location by Applying the Green p-Median Model and Type-2 Neurofuzzy Network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pamučar, Dragan; Vasin, Ljubislav; Atanasković, Predrag; Miličić, Milica

    2016-01-01

    The paper herein presents green p-median problem (GMP) which uses the adaptive type-2 neural network for the processing of environmental and sociological parameters including costs of logistics operators and demonstrates the influence of these parameters on planning the location for the city logistics terminal (CLT) within the discrete network. CLT shows direct effects on increment of traffic volume especially in urban areas, which further results in negative environmental effects such as air pollution and noise as well as increased number of urban populations suffering from bronchitis, asthma, and similar respiratory infections. By applying the green p-median model (GMM), negative effects on environment and health in urban areas caused by delivery vehicles may be reduced to minimum. This model creates real possibilities for making the proper investment decisions so as profitable investments may be realized in the field of transport infrastructure. The paper herein also includes testing of GMM in real conditions on four CLT locations in Belgrade City zone. PMID:27195005

  1. The Regional Planning and Open Space of City%城市区域规划与开放空间

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      城市通俗的说是一种聚落形态。我国经济飞速增长,城市人口也迅速增加。城市人口增多,建筑群越来越密集,城市的开发受到成本和空间的限制。如何合理的规划城市区域,开放城市空间是城市建设者主要思考的对象。%Common saying that city is a set lement pat erns. With the rapid growth of China's economy, the urban popula-tion is also increasing rapidly. As urban population increased, the buildings become more and more intensive, and the urban development limited by cost and space. How to rational pla-nning the urban areas and open urban space are the main pro-blems that city builders should think.

  2. Comparison of planned menus and centre characteristics with foods and beverages served in New York City child-care centres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breck, Andrew; Dixon, L Beth; Khan, Laura Kettel

    2016-01-01

    Objective The present study evaluated the extent to which child-care centre menus prepared in advance correspond with food and beverage items served to children. The authors identified centre and staff characteristics that were associated with matches between menus and what was served. Design Menus were collected from ninety-five centres in New York City (NYC). Direct observation of foods and beverages served to children were conducted during 524 meal and snack times at these centres between April and June 2010, as part of a larger study designed to determine compliance of child-care centres with city health department regulations for nutrition. Setting Child-care centres were located in low-income neighbourhoods in NYC. Results Overall, 87% of the foods and beverages listed on the menus or allowed as substitutions were served. Menu items matched with foods and beverages served for all major food groups by > 60%. Sweets and water had lower match percentages (40 and 32%, respectively), but water was served 68% of the time when it was not listed on the menu. The staff person making the food and purchasing decisions predicted the match between the planned or substituted items on the menus and the foods and beverages served. Conclusions In the present study, child-care centre menus included most foods and beverages served to children. Menus planned in advance have potential to be used to inform parents about which child-care centre to send their child or what foods and beverages their enrolled children will be offered throughout the day. PMID:27280341

  3. On planning methods for outdoor advertisements in medium and small cities%中小城市户外广告规划方法探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董凤君

    2016-01-01

    结合漯河市户外广告的类型及规划现状,运用网络规划法和类型重组法,分别从宏观和中观两个层面对中小城市户外广告的规划、数量及位置进行了控制,旨在促进户外广告的健康发展,树立良好的城市形象.%Combining with the outdoor advertisement types and planning in Luohe city,the paper adopts the network planning and type restructu-ring method,and undertakes the planning for the number planning and location for the outdoor advertisement in medium and small cities from the macroscopic and middle scopes,so as to enhance the healthy development for the outdoor advertisements and establish better urban image.

  4. [Review As You Go: Oklahoma City Public Schools' Plan Using Saxon's Procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartzler, Stan

    This document consists of three related items. The first brief paper describes the components of a cumulative daily review program and its origins, rationale, and outcomes. The review-as-you-go (RAYG) format entails planning cumulative examinations and providing review problems each day. The procedure once was routinely used; today it is…

  5. The City at Play: "Second Life" and the Virtual Urban Planning Studio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, David; Hollander, Justin B.

    2010-01-01

    This study interrogates the idea of using videogames and game-like virtual worlds as a means to advance studio education pedagogy. Looking at a series of case studies of urban planning courses taught using "Second Life," the results describe the potentials, and limits, of this emerging digital media. Key findings are that the virtual worlds…

  6. Experience in New Socialist Countryside Planning and Construction and Recommendations: A Case Study of Haotang Village in Xinyang City of Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bin; ZHENG; Qi; GONG; Xi; MA; Xiaofang; ZHANG; Lu; GAN; Ying; ZHU

    2014-01-01

    Taking Haotang Village in Xinyang City of Henan Province as an example,this paper analyzed experience of this village in development of new socialist countryside construction. The new socialist countryside planning and construction should attach importance to research on original spatial pattern of villages,really respect and bring into play subject function of farmers,and deeply explore rural financial services. It is expected to provide reference for future new socialist countryside planning and construction.

  7. 苏州市雨水利用规划研究%Research on Rainwater Utilization Planning in Suzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁怡; 黄天寅; 袁旭

    2011-01-01

    Based on the natural and geographic environment of Suzhou City, the paper had introduced its water resources condition, rainwater collection system and quality. By taking the Youth Activity Center in the industrial park, new eco-museum in the industrial park, Suzhou Agricultural School and vegetable farm in Jinchang District for example, rainwater utilization in Suzhou City had been investigated and its laws and regulations been explained. On this basis, it had discussed Suzhou rainwater utilization planning, analyzed rainwater utilization planning of squares, urban roads, residential areas, public architectures and eco-parks, utilization of replenishing landscape water at riparian and waterfront belts, and ecological agricultural land construction. It hoped to reduce the load of rainwater pollution, improve the water environment of Suzhou City and further release the demand pressure for excellent water resources through implementing rainwater utilization system and reducing the threat of flood step by step.%结合苏州市的自然地理环境,介绍了其水资源现状,以及苏州市的雨水收集体系及其水质,以工业园区的青少年活动中心、工业园区中新生态馆、苏州农校、金阊区蔬菜园艺场为例,考察了苏州市的雨水利用现状,并且阐释了苏州市雨水利用的法律法规保障.在此基础上探讨苏州市雨水利用规划,分析了广场雨水利用规划,市政道路雨水利用项目,住宅小区、公用建筑、生态公园雨水利用项目,滨河、滨湖带的补充景观水的利用实施方案,以及生态农地建设.以期通过逐步推行雨水利用制度,逐年减少雨洪对苏州市的威胁,削减雨水污染负荷,改善苏州市水体环境,进一步缓解对优质水资源的需求压力.

  8. Eco Grad. Concept for ecological city planning for St. Petersburg, Russia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nystedt, A.; Sepponen, M.; Teerimo, S.; Nummelin, J.; Virtanen, M.; Lahti, P.

    2010-12-15

    The objective of the EcoGrad project was to develop a design concept of eco-efficient districts in the city of St. Petersburg. The important principles of the creation of this concept included the so-called GOLD principle (GOLD - Globally Optimized, Locally Designed). This meant that local conditions had to be taken into account while applying globally optimized solutions. The EcoGrad concept includes dense city development, a minimal need for travel, a maximum use of public transportation and light vehicles, minimum power consumption, the maximum use of renewable energy sources and ecologically stable solutions concerning waste disposal and sewerage. Social and cultural aspects must also be taken into account. In Russia, the creation of energy efficient sites is still in its early stages. Power supply systems based on renewable energy sources are also hardly known. On the other hand, the Russians are well skilled in placing offices and consumer services next to residencies. Regulations dictate the maximum allowable distances between residential buildings and such services as infant-care groups, kindergartens, schools, ambulatory clinics and stores, fully conforming to the principles of designing ecoefficient city districts. While the project was being implemented, residents were polled. The polls revealed that the absolute majority of them (92%) did not consider the use of renewable energy sources important. Most of them (80%) had not heard of mechanical ventilation. Fresh air is considered important yet less than half of all respondents (40%) are prepared to pay for it. Involving residents in the development process, that is, the so-called LivingLab action is an important component of designing eco-efficient residential areas. In Russia, the participation of residents should be further extended and made a part of the design work. The project concerned three pilot territories for which residential designs were made. The designs included estimates of power

  9. The Contribution of Energy-Optimized Urban Planning to Efficient Resource Use–A Case Study on Residential Settlement Development in Dhaka City, Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujit Kumar Sikder

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study examines and explores the contribution of an energy-optimized urban planning approach to efficient resource use in the context of Dhaka city, Bangladesh. A conceptual energy optimization model called the “EnUp” model has been developed and tested for feasibility and adaptation strategies to improve urban energy use in residential settlements. This study is based on a system analysis and grounded theory approach that involved field methods including key informant (KI interviews and collection of data and information from local urban planning offices and other secondary sources. Results show that the adoption of an energy-optimized planning approach is possible and necessary in Dhaka city. The “EnUp“ model can be applied in new urban settlement planning and retrofitting existing urban settlements. Ensuring various stakeholders' participation, technical inputs, and adaptability could make this innovative model and approach replicable in many other cities in the world. The study facilitates a better documentation and visualization for comprehensive urban planning and energy planning process in developing countries, while providing useful insights to policy makers, planners, developers, and interested urban stakeholders in the transition to urban sustainability.

  10. The Positioning and Analysis of Leshan City Tourism Planning Based on Multivariate Planning Theory%基于多元规划理论的乐山市旅游规划定位分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡亚会; 孔胜; 张同健

    2013-01-01

      乐山市是我国西部著名的旅游城市,旅游规划是促进乐山市旅游资源开发的有效策略。乐山市旅游规划存在着非连续性、片面性、孤立性的弊端。旅游规划的实施需要遵循多元性的规划理论的指导。旅游规划定位的分析可以为乐山市旅游规划的实施提供基本性的指导思想,从而有效地提高乐山市旅游规划的效率。%Leshan City is a famous tourism city in western China,and the tourism planning is an effective way to promote the development of its tourism resources. There are non-continuous,one-sidedness and isolation of drawbacks for Leshan City’s tourism planning. Tourism planning and implementation needs to follow the guidance of multivariate planning theory. Tourism planning and positioning analysis can provide basic guiding ideology for tourism planning implementation,and effectively improve the efficiency of the tourism planning in Leshan City.

  11. Planning for water efficient cities: Landscape, microclimate, and heterogeneity in residential water demand

    OpenAIRE

    Lassiter, Allison

    2015-01-01

    California is confronting its largest drought in recorded history, which may signal the onset of a megadrought. An executive order mandates reduction in residential water consumption. At the same time, the state's population continues to grow. Reducing residential outdoor water use is a critical management objective to adapt to scarce water resources. This dissertation asks, to what degree can land planning contribute to outdoor water demand management? Can principles of compact development a...

  12. The return of regulation in the shopping landscape? Reflecting on the persistent power of city centre preservation within shifting retail planning ideologies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spierings, Bas

    2006-01-01

    Since the construction of the hierarchical retail system in the postwar period, the main goal of Dutch retail planning has been to preserve city centres and the complementary shopping centres. National guidelines restricted the development of large-scale retail locations on peripheral sites. Conside

  13. Groundwater monitoring plan for the Missouri River alluvial aquifer in the vicinity of the City of Independence, Missouri, well field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkison, Donald H.

    2012-01-01

    Source contributions to monitoring and supply wells, contributing recharge areas, groundwater travel times, and current (2012) understanding of alluvial water quality were used to develop a groundwater monitoring plan for the Missouri River alluvial aquifer in the vicinity of the City of Independence, Missouri well field. The plan was designed to evaluate long-term alluvial water quality and assess potential changes in, and threats to, well-field water quality. Source contributions were determined from an existing groundwater flow model in conjunction with particle-tracking analysis and verified with water-quality data collected from 1997 through 2010 from a network of 68 monitoring wells. Three conjunctive factors - well-field pumpage, Missouri River discharge, and aquifer recharge - largely determined groundwater flow and, therefore, source contributions. The predominant source of groundwater to most monitoring wells and supply wells is the Missouri River, and this was reflected, to some extent, in alluvial water quality. To provide an estimate of the maximum potential lead time available for remedial action, monitoring wells where groundwater travel times from the contributing recharge areas are less than 2 years and predominately singular sources (such as the Missouri River or the land surface) were selected for annual sampling. The sample interval of the remaining wells, which have varying travel times and intermediate mixtures of river and land-surface contributions, were staggered on a 2-, 3-, or 4-year rotation. This was done to provide data from similar contributing areas and account for inherent aquifer variability yet minimize sample redundancy.

  14. Toward a research and action agenda on urban planning/design and health equity in cities in low and middle-income countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smit, Warren; Hancock, Trevor; Kumaresen, Jacob; Santos-Burgoa, Carlos; Sánchez-Kobashi Meneses, Raúl; Friel, Sharon

    2011-10-01

    The importance of reestablishing the link between urban planning and public health has been recognized in recent decades; this paper focuses on the relationship between urban planning/design and health equity, especially in cities in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). The physical urban environment can be shaped through various planning and design processes including urban planning, urban design, landscape architecture, infrastructure design, architecture, and transport planning. The resultant urban environment has important impacts on the health of the people who live and work there. Urban planning and design processes can also affect health equity through shaping the extent to which the physical urban environments of different parts of cities facilitate the availability of adequate housing and basic infrastructure, equitable access to the other benefits of urban life, a safe living environment, a healthy natural environment, food security and healthy nutrition, and an urban environment conducive to outdoor physical activity. A new research and action agenda for the urban environment and health equity in LMICs should consist of four main components. We need to better understand intra-urban health inequities in LMICs; we need to better understand how changes in the built environment in LMICs affect health equity; we need to explore ways of successfully planning, designing, and implementing improved health/health equity; and we need to develop evidence-based recommendations for healthy urban planning/design in LMICs.

  15. Review Pages: Planning for Livable and Safe Cities: Energy, Pollution and the Degradation of the Urban Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gennaro Angiello

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the relationship between urban planning and mobility management, TeMA has gradually expanded the view of the covered topics, always remaining in the groove of rigorous scientific in-depth analysis. During the last two years a particular attention has been paid on the Smart Cities theme and on the different meanings that come with it. The last section of the journal is formed by the Review Pages. They have different aims: to inform on the problems, trends and evolutionary processes; to investigate on the paths by highlighting the advanced relationships among apparently distant disciplinary fields; to explore the interaction’s areas, experiences and potential applications; to underline interactions, disciplinary developments but also, if present, defeats and setbacks. Inside the journal the Review Pages have the task of stimulating as much as possible the circulation of ideas and the discovery of new points of view. For this reason the section is founded on a series of basic’s references, required for the identification of new and more advanced interactions. These references are the research, the planning acts, the actions and the applications, analysed and investigated both for their ability to give a systematic response to questions concerning the urban and territorial planning, and for their attention to aspects such as the environmental sustainability and the innovation in the practices. For this purpose the Review Pages are formed by five sections (Web Resources; Books; Laws; Urban Practices; News and Events, each of which examines a specific aspect of the broader information storage of interest for TeMA

  16. Discussion On Planning and Construction for Emergency Refuge in Tangshan City%唐山市应急避难场所的规划与建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王卫国

    2011-01-01

    Emergency refuges, temporary places for resident emergency evacuation and temporary life with emergency shelter service facilities, are prepared for earthquakes and other emergencies. Planning and construction of emergency refuges is one of important contents of planning of city disaster prevention and can play a key role in coping with emergency such as earthquake and is one of important contents of city public safety. The paper elaborates the necessity of city planning and construction and the principles of emergency refuges construction management and use about emergency refuge in disaster prevention by the work of the planning and construction of emergency refuge in the city of Tangshan. The paper can provide a source of planning and construction of emergency refuge for other cities.%应急避难场所是通过规划和建设从而具有应急避难生活服务设施、可供居民紧急疏散和能够临时生活的场所。应急避难场所的规划建设是城市防灾规划的重要内容,在应对地震等突发灾害事件中能起到关键作用,是城市公共安全的一项重要内容。本文结合唐山市应急避难场所规划建设工作,阐述了城市应急避难场所规划建设在城市防灾中的必要性。论述了应急避难场所的规划建设、管理与使用的原则。本文可为其他城市应急避难场所的规划建设提供参考。

  17. A energetic plan for Padua city; Un piano energetico per la citta` di Padova

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cariani, R.; Fraternali, D. [Istituto di ricerche Ambiente, Milan (Italy)

    1996-11-01

    The research explains some preliminary analyses on structure and dynamics of Padua energy system. The main outcomes of this work are: (a) overall urban energy balance, as per socio-economic sector of energy use and per energy source employed; (b) preliminary energy database of residential, municipal and other public institutions buildings; (c) heat maps showing intensity of energy demand for space heating in residential ad services sectors, for a technical and economic pre-feasibility analysis of a CHP plant and district-heating service. The objective of this work is draw up an effective local action plan based on a viable combination of demand and supply energy management.

  18. Using GIS in Designing and Deploying Wireless Network in City Plans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iyad Aldasouqi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Site Surveys play a very important role in the successful and efficient deployment of wireless networks. The first step is to understand the basic goal of a wireless network, which is mainly to provide an appropriate coverage and throughput to all end users with high efficiency, full coverage and reasonable cost. Site Surveys is very important for the sake of planning and designing a wireless network specifically in outdoor networks, to provide a wireless solution that will deliver the required wireless coverage, data rates, network capacity, roaming capability and Quality of Service (QoS. The survey usually involves a site visit to test for RF interference, and to identify optimum installation locations for access points. This requires analysis of building floor plans, inspection of the facility, and use of site survey tools. Interviews with IT management and the end users of the wireless network are also important to determine the design parameters for the wireless network. Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN can be implemented and deployed using different techniques and methodologies, starting from site survey to launching. The main problems are that some areas may not be covered well and the high cost of equipment. This paper discusses a technique that helps determining the best location for access points using GPS system, in order to choose the optimal number of access points. This technique has a positive impact on the cost. Another important factor is the type of antenna, which has a very important effect on both cost and coverage issues.

  19. The industrial city and its structural changes in local plans on the example of Ruda Śląska, Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rysz Kamil

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In the modern world, the subject of spatial planning is being increasingly raised by residents of municipalities - mainly because of the lack of a direct influence on the process of local development and aesthetics of the surroundings. Today, the primary objective of spatial planning is not only to form a proper connection between function and space but also to balance public and private interests. Constantly developed geographic spatial information systems allow not only for easy navigation around the city, but more importantly for more advanced analyses, such as the recognition of the current trends in estate development, communication systems, changes in agricultural and forest areas. The main objective of the research is to define functional-spatial links determined by social-economic needs reflected in local plans and to verify the similarities between local plans, that were drawn up in three different periods (PRL, the transition period, and in accordance with nowadays applicable laws, how the changing economic, social goals and current needs of the city affected the continuation of the adopted solutions. The study shows that despite changes in the law and abandoning the idea of industrial city, in which the landscape is dominated by blast furnaces and mine shafts, the basic trend has been maintained and local plans prepared in subsequent years form a continuum, and despite the different scales of development are closely linked. At the same time it has been shown that modern GIS tools enable verification of the continuity of spatial policy of the municipality.

  20. Research on the planning of cities in climate change initiative%城市应对气候变化规划初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    华虹; 王晓鸣

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses the concept of planning of Cities in Climate Change Initiative(CCCI),analyses the closely relationship between planning of CCCI and city sustainable development,defines the types of planning of CCCI,introduces the developing progres%讨论了城市应对气候变化规划的概念,分析了城市应对气候变化规划与城市可持续发展的关系,界定了城市应对气候变化规划的类型,介绍了城市应对气候变化规划的发展历程,探讨了城市应对气候变化规划的编制要点。

  1. Zoning Districts, City of Hutchinson Planning Zones District polygon layer, Published in 2003, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, City of Hutchinson.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Zoning Districts dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2003. It is described as 'City...

  2. 四川岳池县城紧凑城市空间规划%COMPACT CITY SPATIAL PLANNING OF YUECHI COUNTY TOWN, SlCHUAN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫水玉; 王正

    2011-01-01

    四川岳池县城总体规划通过采用紧凑的城市空间结构、发展以短距离出行为目的的功能混合区域和紧凑社区、建设以公共交通为导向的城市交通体系和实行城市增长边界控制等紧凑城市空间规划方法,达到城市规模、功能、结构的紧凑,在土地资源集约使用、提高城市基础设施运行效率、方便城市居民生活、促进城市可持续性发展方面作用明显.%Based on the analyses of compact city features, some methods of compact city planning, such as building the compact city structure, developing the mixed functional zones that aim at short-distance travel and compact communities, establishing the public transport-oriented urban transport system, and implementing the city boundary control, are used in the Master Plan of Yuechi County Town, which are of great help in improving the intensive use of land resources, promoting the efficiency of city infrastructure, providing convenience for citizen's life, and boosting the sustainable development of the county.

  3. Model cities

    OpenAIRE

    M Batty

    2007-01-01

    The term ?model? is now central to our thinking about how weunderstand and design cities. We suggest a variety of ways inwhich we use ?models?, linking these ideas to Abercrombie?sexposition of Town and Country Planning which represented thestate of the art fifty years ago. Here we focus on using models asphysical representations of the city, tracing the development ofsymbolic models where the focus is on simulating how functiongenerates form, to iconic models where the focus is on representi...

  4. Green stormwater infrastructure eco-planning and development on the regional scale: a case study of Shanghai Lingang New City, East China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Haishun; Chen, Liang; Zhao, Bing; Zhang, Qiuzhuo; Cai, Yongli

    2016-06-01

    Urban underlying surface has been greatly changed with rapid urbanization, considered to be one of the major causes for the destruction of urban natural hydrological processes. This has imposed a huge challenge for stormwater management in cities. There has been a shift from gray water management to green stormwater management thinking. The green stormwater infrastructure (GSI) is regarded as an effective and cost-efficient stormwater management eco-landscape approach. China's GSI practice and the development of its theoretical framework are still in the initial stage. This paper presents an innovative framework for stormwater management, integrating green stormwater infrastructure and landscape security patterns on a regional scale based on an urban master plan. The core concept of green stormwater infrastructure eco-planning is to form an interconnected GSI network (i.e., stormwater management landscape security pattern) which consists of the location, portion, size, layout, and structure of GSI so as to efficiently safeguard natural hydrological processes. Shanghai Lingang New City, a satellite new town of Shanghai, China was selected as a case study for GSI studies. Simulation analyses of hydrological processes were carried out to identify the critical significant landscape nodes in the highpriority watersheds for stormwater management. GSI should be planned and implemented in these identified landscape nodes. The comprehensive stormwater management landscape security pattern of Shanghai Lingang New City is designed with consideration of flood control, stormwater control, runoff reduction, water quality protection, and rainwater utilization objectives which could provide guidelines for smart growth and sustainable development of this city.

  5. Sustainable cities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Sustainable City Project, a collaboration among the cities of Portland, Oregon, and San Francisco and San Jose, California, aims at developing and implementing sustainable energy planning methods and programs for cites. For a period of two years (1989-90), the three project cities worked in parallel, yet pursued independent courses to develop appropriate sustainable urban energy practices to meet local needs and aspirations. Central to the Sustainable City Project was finding ways to manage today's urban energy needs without jeopardizing the needs of future generations. Sustainability implies that nothing should go to waste, but rather should contribute to the proper balance between the natural environment and the built environment Sustainable urban energy systems encompass more than energy efficiency and energy conservation measures: they must be diverse, flexible, self-reliant, renewable, and integrated. Since local governments make decisions affecting land use, building codes, transportation systems, waste disposal, and power plants--all of which impact energy resource use--local jurisdictions can do much to ensure their own sustainable future. This paper will present an accounting of the specific steps that each city took to determine and begin implementation of their respective approaches to sustainable energy planning, with a specific focus on the City of San Jose activities. Useful tools for facilitating community process, program planning and implementation, and quantitative analysis will also be discussed

  6. Urban Organization and Planning in the Post-Industrial City: An Editorial and Introduction to the Spring 2006 Issue of Sociation Today

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George H. Conklin

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available 2006 is the year that the world as a whole becomes over half urban, yet no longer is the city the home of the industrial factory in the Western world. What shape should the new city take in the information age? Are we following an obsolete model when we plan in the Western world for a "new urbanism?" Does suburbanization have to fade away to promote racial justice? Why has urbanization concentrated poverty in the rural areas? We must re-examine these areas as sociologists and question past assumptions.

  7. Study on Renewal Planning of Declining Historic Quarters:Inspired from the Discussion on Conservation of the Old City in South Nanjing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Through collecting,reflecting and summarizing various opinions on the conservation of the old city in South Nanjing,this paper examines the problems that the declining historic quarters are facing amid the urban renewal process.Moreover,in combination with the existing planning practices in the old city in South Nanjing,this paper carries out a discussion on the renewal of the declining historic quarters from the perspective of values,exploration and assessment of historic resources,choice of renewal methods,and support of implementation system.

  8. Community Public Space Planning Guided by Sustainable Development:A Case Study on Wei’an Nanli Residential Area of Tianjin City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The public space of community is not only significant to ensure the quality of residents’ daily life but also the important means to realize urban sustainability.It is necessary to bridge the gap between the physical and social development of city in order to build a harmonious and livable city.The sustainable development indicators are very useful tools.The design of the indicators involves the site investigation,and selection and modification of indicators.It can provide guidance to related plans by making scientific decision on the core target of the public space development of community.

  9. 天台县森林城市建设总体规划%Master Planning of Forest City in Tiantai County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    厉燕; 范义荣; 陈佳菁; 蒋文伟

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzed the current environmental conditions and forest city building in Tiantai County.On this basis,the overall forest development objectives,forest development layout and the overall pattern of urban forest development in Tiantai were designed,and the planning system of urban forest development was proposed including forest ecological network planning,forest culture construction planning,forest ecological protection planning and forest ecological industry development planning.%在对天台县环境条件及森林城市建设现状进行调查的基础上,制定森林天台总目标并提出县域森林建设布局和城区森林建设总体布局。

  10. “智慧城市”背景下的城市规划创新%Innovation of Urban Planning against the Background of 'Smart City'

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王广斌; 范美燕; 王捷; 张文娟

    2013-01-01

    Smart city is an international buzzword of future urban development, which will have great effect on urban planning as an important public policy of controlling land and space resources, which should converge with "Smart City". With the analysis of the connotation of smart city and its significant effect on urban planning, this paper mainly explores the innovation of urban planning under the background of smart city, from the perspectives of theory and practice, so as to break through the limitations of traditional urban planning practice and achieve smarter urban planning.%  “智慧城市”是在全球广泛展开的未来城市发展的新理念和新实践,必然会对城市规划这一控制土地和空间资源的重要公共政策产生影响,并要求城市规划做出相应变化与之接轨。通过阐述“智慧城市”的内涵及其对城市规划的意义,从理念与实践两大视角重点分析了“智慧城市”背景下的城市规划创新,以期突破传统的城市规划实践的局限性,进而实现智慧的城市规划。

  11. Mapping Environmental Inequalities Relevant for Health for Informing Urban Planning Interventions—A Case Study in the City of Dortmund, Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flacke, Johannes; Schüle, Steffen Andreas; Köckler, Heike; Bolte, Gabriele

    2016-01-01

    Spatial differences in urban environmental conditions contribute to health inequalities within cities. The purpose of the paper is to map environmental inequalities relevant for health in the City of Dortmund, Germany, in order to identify needs for planning interventions. We develop suitable indicators for mapping socioeconomically-driven environmental inequalities at the neighborhood level based on published scientific evidence and inputs from local stakeholders. Relationships between socioeconomic and environmental indicators at the level of 170 neighborhoods were analyzed continuously with Spearman rank correlation coefficients and categorically applying chi-squared tests. Reclassified socioeconomic and environmental indicators were then mapped at the neighborhood level in order to determine multiple environmental burdens and hotspots of environmental inequalities related to health. Results show that the majority of environmental indicators correlate significantly, leading to multiple environmental burdens in specific neighborhoods. Some of these neighborhoods also have significantly larger proportions of inhabitants of a lower socioeconomic position indicating hotspots of environmental inequalities. Suitable planning interventions mainly comprise transport planning and green space management. In the conclusions, we discuss how the analysis can be used to improve state of the art planning instruments, such as clean air action planning or noise reduction planning towards the consideration of the vulnerability of the population. PMID:27420090

  12. Solar Energy Validation for Strategic Investment Planning via Comparative Data Mining Methods: An Expanded Example within the Cities of Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oya H. Yuregir

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Energy supply together with the data management is one of the key challenges of our century. Specifically, to decrease the climate change effects as energy requirement increases day by day poses a serious dilemma. It can be adequately reconciled with innovative data management in (renewable energy technologies. The new environmental-friendly planning methods and investments that are discussed by researchers, governments, NGOs, and companies will give the basic and most important variables in shaping the future. We use modern data mining methods (SOM and K-Means and official governmental statistics for clustering cities according to their consumption similarities, the level of welfare, and growth rate and compare them with their potential of renewable resources with the help of Rapid Miner 5.1 and MATLAB software. The data mining was chosen to make the possible secret relations visible within the variables that can be unpredictable at first sight. Here, we aim to see the success level of the chosen algorithms in validation process simultaneously with the utilized software. Additionally, we aim to improve innovative approach for decision-makers and stakeholders about which renewable resource is the most suitable for an exact region by taking care of different variables at the same time.

  13. Application Analysis of Conceptual Planning in City Planning and Design%概念性规划在城市规划设计中的应用探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴頔

    2014-01-01

    Concept planning is a research planning means ap- plied in the early planning establishment, can be implement the forward-looking and creative concept of land use development in the ideal state, its meaning and action are very great. This p- aper combined with the conceptual planning role, analyzed and discussed its application in city planning and design.%概念性规划是一种应用于规划编制早期的研讨性规划手段,可以在理想状态下实现对土地利用发展的前瞻性和创造性构思,其意义和作用都是非常巨大的。本文结合概念性规划的作用,对其在城市规划设计中的应用进行了分析和探讨。

  14. Earth Observation in Support of the Development of the Adaptation Plans for Climate Change in Cities: An Application for the Thermal Environment in Athens, Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cartalis, C.; Polydoros, A.; Mavrakou, Th.; Asimakopoulos, D. N.

    2014-11-01

    The development of adaptation plans for climate change in cities need to reflect how urban mechanisms are influenced by the transfer of heat and the reflection/emission of electromagnetic radiation. For doing so, a thorough knowledge of a number of urban parameters is needed, namely of the land surface albedo, the land surface emissivity and the land surface temperature. Furthermore, information on land use and land cover as well as a Digital Elevation Model of the area concerned are needed. In this paper, the potential of Earth Observation to support the extraction and spatial/temporal representation of the above parameters, in support of adaptation plans for climate change is examined.

  15. 浅谈阿勒泰市历史文化名城保护规划%Protection Plan Of Aletai Historic City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘维彬; 秦超

    2012-01-01

    Urban development expresses the long history and bright culture.This paper determine the construction content and puts forward reasonable development mode of historic city through the digging of Aletai city.It can strengthen the protection and plan construction of history culture environment,landscape pattern,feature city construction of Aletai city so as to provide reference for other historic cities.%城市的发展体现了悠久的历史和灿烂的文化,本文通过挖掘阿勒泰的文化内涵,确定文化名城的建设内容,提出合理开发利用方式。加强对阿勒泰的整体历史文化环境、山水格局、特色城市建设的保护规划建设,为其他历史文化名城保护规划提供参考。

  16. 刍议城市中心商务区公园规划%Discussion on the City Centre Park Business District Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    查晓鸣; 周明长

    2014-01-01

    City center business district environment construction should be consistent with ecological principles,has regional, diversity and rationality of self succession development ability,individual interaction between its specific space and real image and including people,can arouse the cultural experience and aesthetic feeling to biological images. Through the relationship between the ecological environment,city park,biology three,forming the common interests between both the natural environment and the human, meet the planning and design of City Center Business District Park City biological scale and human scale of the city.%通过生态环境、城市公园、生物三者之间的关系,形成一种兼顾自然与人之间的共同利益,进而满足城市生物尺度与人性尺度的城市中心商务区公园的规划目标。

  17. 生态型城市规划与建设的几点思考%Reflections on the Ecological City Planning and Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周永伟

    2013-01-01

    The ecological city is the inevitable trend of city development, and it's also an inevitable demand for sustainable and harmonious development of man and nature. The paper o-utlines the related content of eco city, and probes into how to strengthen the planning and construction of ecological city, to bet er promote the modernization, ecologicalization, low-carb-on and sustainable development of city construction.%生态型城市是城市演变发展的必然趋势,也是人与自然可持续和谐发展的必然需求。本文就生态型城市的相关内容进行简单概述,并探讨如何加强生态型城市的规划和建设,从而更好地推动和促进城市建设发展的现代化、生态化、低碳化和可持续化。

  18. INSTANT CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans

    2013-01-01

    emphasis has been laid on creating a vivid, and engaging social environment in order to create a lab for social, and architectural experi- ments. These goals challenge the city planning as well as the urban sce- nography. The article addresses the research questions: What kind of city life and social......This article analyses Roskilde Festival as an Instant City. For more than 40 years, Roskilde Festival has had many thousands participants for a weeklong festival on music, performances and cultural experiences in a layout designed as an urban environment. During the last ten years, in- creasing...... experiments are taking place in ‘the instant city’, and how can it be characterized? It also emphasizes the relation between city life, urban design, and the aesthetics of architecture and urban spaces. The question here is, in what way architecture and urban scenography are used as tools to support the goal...

  19. Urban Planning and Health Inequities: Looking in a Small-Scale in a City of Cape Verde.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luzia Gonçalves

    .001, with 19.3% in the formal unit, 11.4% in the transition unit and 22.5% in the informal unit. Women of the urban units present significant differences (5% level for body mass index calculated from self-reported measures (p < 0.001, fat mass (p = 0.005, waist circumference (p = 0.046 and waist-to-height ratio (p = 0.017. For women, overall physical activity was 67.4% (95%CI [64.8,70.0], with differences among urban units (p = 0.025. For men it was of 85.2% (95%CI [82.3,87.6], without significant differences among urban units (p = 0.266. The percentage of women and men who reported physical activity in leisure time was discrepant, with 95%CI [22.6, 27.4] and [53.2, 60.2], respectively. The results of pedometers also indicated that men walk significantly more than women (p < 0.001, with a difference of approximately 2000 steps/day.The data collection process itself also gave us some clues on the involvement of local communities, exploring the potential of social capital of these settings and the role of the woman in family and society in Cape Verde. The higher participation of women and residents of informal unit (the most disadvantaged groups suggests these as the priority target groups for health promotion campaigns. The link between health planning, urban planning and security of the city needs to be reinforced to minimize health, social and gender inequalities.

  20. Economic Transition in the City of Paterson, New Jersey (America’s First Planned Industrial City: Causes, Impacts, and Urban Policy Implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Y. Owusu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the dynamics of economic change in the City of Paterson, New Jersey, from the time of its founding in the late eighteenth century to 1990, with emphasis on the post-1945 era. Analysis shows that from the time of its founding to the first half of the twentieth century, Paterson experienced a period of economic growth followed by economic decline in the 1960s, characterized by major changes in its principal industries of cotton, locomotives, and silk. Economic growth in Paterson up to the early part of the twentieth century is attributable to several locational factors, including the availability of water resources, transportation, labor supply, and markets. Its decline in the post-1945 era is attributable to a combination of local, national, and global economic factors including periods of depression, labor discord, product substitution, decentralization of economic activities, and deindustrialization. Economic decline resulted in a high rate of unemployment, poverty, and urban decay. The most significant effort to reverse urban decline in the city is the urban enterprise zone (UEZ program. The impacts of this program on economic growth in the city, however, remain inconclusive.

  1. Formation of City-Lake Integrated Urban Morphology in Hangzhou: A Study on the Related History Starting from the New Market Plan of the Lakefront District in Early Modern Times

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fu; Shulan; Yukio; Nishimura; Qian; Fang

    2015-01-01

    In the early modern times in China, local planners have made several construction plans for Hangzhou’s old city center and the West Lake, resulting in the gradual formation of a city-lake integrated urban form, which is valued nowadays for its uniqueness and characteristically Chinese cityscape aesthetics. The key plan that spurred this process of linking the old city with the West Lake was a plan titled "Building a New Market"(1914). By elucidating the time, process, and contents of the plan, this paper analyzes the spatial transformation of the lakefront districts based on old maps, and then interprets how it led the forming process of the "city-lake integrated" urban form in Hangzhou.

  2. An investigation of rural migrants' happiness status in Changsha city : A trial of social urban planning in China's second-tier cities

    OpenAIRE

    Gao, Yongliang

    2016-01-01

    China has among the world’s fastest growing urban region and faced enormous environmental and social challenges that requires a forward thinking of urban planning, which integrates environmental sustainability and social equity into urban resilience. In China, national and provincial urban policies have long focused on economic and industrial developments, whereas social welfare was not account for urban planning until very recently. After decades of rapid socioeconomic development, China has...

  3. 特大城市安全战略的规划导向%Planning Guidelines of City Safety Strategy in Metropolis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金忠民

    2013-01-01

    The paper takes city safety strategy as an important part of urban planning. Based on analysis of the planning concept of city safety, the paper discusses the key issues of safety strategy in metropolis, which including forming “safe grids” with disaster prevention function; forming “organic structure” with adaptabilities for disaster state; forming moderately dispersed urban functions, rational urban scale, diversified transport network; forming urban ecological pattern with focus on city safety; forming underground space as “Standby City”, etc., and also discusses city public safety emergency response system, tries to provide information for transformation of disaster planning.%将城市安全战略纳入城市规划领域,在分析城市安全观的基础上,探讨特大城市安全战略的规划重点,包括形成具有防灾功能的城市“安全网格”;形成适应灾害状态的城市“有机结构”;形成适度分散的城市功能、合理的城市规模、多元化的交通网络;形成以城市安全为导向的生态格局;形成以地下空间为载体的“第二城市”等,并提出以公共安全为核心的城市应急体系作为保障,为传统防灾规划的转型提供参考。

  4. Planning the invisible city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elle, Morten; Jensen, Jesper Ole; Nielsen, Susanne Balslev

    1997-01-01

    a presentation of the model used for describing technical networks conserning energy, water and waste in the reserch project "Sustainable flow management"......a presentation of the model used for describing technical networks conserning energy, water and waste in the reserch project "Sustainable flow management"...

  5. Research of optimum forest management plan selection in Benxi city%本溪市最佳森林选择的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆小辉

    2015-01-01

    The collectively owned forest of Benxi city was regarded as the object.The optimizing selection problem of forest management plan was studied by applying analytic hierarchy process.The result showed that the forest management plan of taking economy and ecology into account whose weight was the maximum 0.394 9 was most suitable management plan to Benxi city.The forest management plan optimizing selection problem can be solved by analytic hierarchy process.%以本溪市的集体林为对象,运用层次分析法研究森林经营方案的选优问题,结果表明:经济兼顾生态型的森林经营方案权重最大,为0.3949,是最适合本溪市的经营方案。层次分析法能够解决森林经营方案的选优问题。

  6. How relevant is urban planning for the thermal comfort of pedestrians? Numerical case studies in two districts of the City of Dresden (Saxony/Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeri Goldberg

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the effects of different urban planning scenarios on the thermal comfort of pedestrians in two districts of the city of Dresden. A total of three alternatives to reconstruct these districts were created by considering realistic approaches for urban planning projections in the next ten years. These alternatives include the development and densification of existing buildings as well as the greening of undeveloped areas or the reduction of existing green areas. Based on these planning alternatives, micro-meteorological conditions as well as bioclimatic indices within the chosen city districts of Dresden for a hot summer day were simulated with a combination of the 3D microclimatic model ENVI-met and the bioclimatic model Rayman. Using both, potential air temperature (T and the bioclimatic index UTCI (Universal Thermal Comfort Index, spatial distribution at different times of the day, the cumulative thermal stress conditions at both exposed "receptor" points and on a virtual course of pedestrians through the inner city of Dresden, were analysed. Simulation results clearly show the local reduction of T and UTCI due to the shading effect of denser vegetation or building structures during the daytime. For example, a greening of an industrial wasteland locally reduces T and UTCI in the early afternoon of a hot and sunny summer day by up to 2 and 14 K, respectively. The same increase in T and UTCI can be found in non-shaded partitions of this area if it is sparsely rebuilt. At night, areas with widespread building placement show a higher T and UTCI (up to 1 and 4 K, respectively, and areas with dense vegetation are cooler (0.1 to 0.4 K than open areas. Due to the small extension of modified urban structures, the mean effect over the complete area amounts to only a fraction of a degree at most. The simulation results demonstrate that a greening of urban wastelands has primarily positive effects (that means cooling on thermal

  7. 张掖市统筹土地利用分区研究%Research on Overall Planning of Land Use Division in Zhangye City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘竞虎; 石培基; 吕立刚

    2009-01-01

    土地分区是实现统筹区域土地利用的重要手段,利用主成分分析法对张掖市各乡镇的土地利用程度进行综合评价,采用空间聚类法进行综合分区,利用GIS空间分析方法进行管制分区,将张掖市划分为4个土地利用区和7个管制区.在此基础上,提出各分区内土地利用方的方向、战略对策和管制措施,为区域土地利用规划、生态环境保护与建设规划的编制提供科学依据.图5,表2,参5.%Overall planning of land use division is the key content of general land use planning revision.The regional Land use divisional comprehensive evaluation index system was built up by selecting 18 indexes from the following six fields of regional land use: economic development, social development,environment, land utilization situation and benefit.Comprehensive evaluation of land use extent taking towns as units in Zhangye City was made by using principal component analysis. Combined with clustering analysis, Zhangye City is divided into 4 land-use zones, and some countermeasures and advices for land-use strategy and policy were put forward. Furthermore, based on land suitability evaluation, Zhangye City was divided into 7 regulation zones using CIS spatial analysis,combined with data of DEM,slope,soil,temperature and precipitation, and the regulation measures were suggested for land utilizations in various zones.This study can provide scientific basis for regional land use planning, eco-environment protection and construction planning.

  8. Development of policy papers for phase 2 of the transportation master plan for the City of Hamilton air quality policy paper : final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Williams Davies, R. [RWDI Air Inc., Guelph, ON (Canada)

    2005-01-01

    The City of Hamilton is now preparing its City-wide Transportation Master Plan, which forms part of the Growth Related Integrated Development Strategy (GRIDS). GRIDS is intended to identify the broad land use structure, infrastructure, and economic development strategy that will serve Hamilton for the next 30 years. The Transportation Master Plan included the development of 23 policy papers related to urban development, infrastructure and transportation. The focus of this policy paper is on air emissions as they pertain to local and regional air quality in the City of Hamilton. An overview of links between transportation, air quality, human health and the environment was provided, as well as an overview of the existing policy framework from a federal, provincial and local perspective. In addition, a review of existing Hamilton policies was presented. Supporting background information to guide the development of policies was included. Trends in air quality in Hamilton were reviewed, and comparisons were drawn with other regions. Details of emissions contributions were presented by mode. The impact of traffic congestion on air quality was evaluated. A future outlook was provided as well as a review of the experiences and pollution abatement practices of Halton, Peel, Waterloo and Toronto. Further development and refinement of policy options and supporting actions include reduction of vehicle use; less polluting modes of travel; reducing the impacts of vehicle use; improving education and awareness; and various mitigation initiatives. 7 figs.

  9. Planning for countering nuclear terrorism. Chapter 1. Motivation and redirection: rationale and achievements in the russian closed nuclear cities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The non-proliferation rationale and achievements of the collaboration between the UK and Russia for a personnel redirection programme in the Closed Nuclear Cities is described. A framework for the interaction between demand and supply dimensions of proliferation threats is developed to show how redirection programmes to enable WMD (weapons of mass destruction) specialists move into civilian activities reduce these same threats. Early results from the UK-Russia Closed Nuclear Cities Partnership are presented and compared with the parallel US funded Nuclear Cities Initiative and similar local economic development measures

  10. THE FRAGMENTATION PROCESSES OF THE CITY AND THE TERRITORIALITY OF RESIDENTS IN GATED COMMUNITIES. RELATIONSHIP WITH THE STRATEGIC PLANNING OF PLACES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Rodolfo Simões Alves

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The recent transformations occurred in the cities have translated in the space enlargement constructed by a process not always orderly and planned. In a complex game of multiple factors, this urban territories have been subject a very processes diversified of fragmentation, a lot of times conducting cases, voluntary or involuntary, of spatial confinement of populations. This fragmentation is not new. Have like example the Portuguese case, already in the past, in the city it was creating along 20th century, were detected microterritorial of isolation and fragmentation, especially of the most poor populations. In this aspect, the cities are a good laboratory to analyse this processes of lifting the old and new borders. In this article, they will discuss some of Portuguese cases and give it up special emphasis to the closed condos and how these, examples of spacial and social enlargement on a non-city, constitute an obstacle to the broad approach and discussed of destiny of each places. Indeed, the public rejection can constitute a way on the walk for the non participation of collective strategic destinations.

  11. Resource management and operations in southwest South Dakota: Climate change scenario planning workshop summary January 20-21, 2016, Rapid City, SD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisichelli, Nicholas A.; Schuurman, Gregor W; Symstad, Amy; Ray, Andrea; Miller, Brian; Cross, Molly; Rowland, Erika

    2016-01-01

    The Scaling Climate Change Adaptation in the Northern Great Plains through Regional Climate Summaries and Local Qualitative-Quantitative Scenario Planning Workshops project synthesizes climate data into 3-5 distinct but plausible climate summaries for the northern Great Plains region; crafts quantitative summaries of these climate futures for two focal areas; and applies these local summaries by developing climate-resource-management scenarios through participatory workshops and, where possible, simulation models. The two focal areas are central North Dakota and southwest South Dakota (Figure 1). The primary objective of this project is to help resource managers and scientists in a focal area use scenario planning to make management and planning decisions based on assessments of critical future uncertainties.This report summarizes project work for public and tribal lands in the southwest South Dakota grasslands focal area, with an emphasis on Badlands National Park and Buffalo Gap National Grassland. The report explains scenario planning as an adaptation tool in general, then describes how it was applied to the focal area in three phases. Priority resource management and climate uncertainties were identified in the orientation phase. Local climate summaries for relevant, divergent, and challenging climate scenarios were developed in the second phase. In the final phase, a two-day scenario planning workshop held January 20-21, 2016 in Rapid City, South Dakota, featured scenario development and implications, testing management decisions, and methods for operationalizing scenario planning outcomes.

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 1995, Smaller than 1:100000 scale, Garrett County Planning & Land Development.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at Smaller than 1:100000 scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1995....

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2009, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Wood County Planning & Zoning.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009....

  14. EXERTING THE ADVANTAGES OF CITY PLANNING, CONSTRUCTING A SAFE CITY:EXPLORATION ON COMPILATION METHOD OF URBAN COMPREHENSIVE DISASTER PREVENTION PLANNING WITH THE CASE STUDY OF BEIJING%发挥规划特长营造安全城市——以北京为例探索城市综合防灾减灾规划的编制方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张帆

    2012-01-01

    With the aggravation of global environmental crises, large-scale earthquakes, volcano burst, flood, freeze, etc., happened frequently in recent years. People come to realize that it is a difficult but necessary issue for a city to strengthen its ability in resisting disasters. The compilation of urban comprehensive disaster prevention planning is an important and urgent task in the urban planning. However, this is a complex and unfamiliar planning. The compilation of the urban comprehensive disaster prevention planning of Beijing broke the normal compilation method of disaster prevention planning that simply lists individual disasters, which exerts the advantages of city planning in comprehensive coordination in the aspect of urban disaster prevention and reduction, so as to connect the city master plan and various kinds of special planning. The paper consists of three parts, which respectively discusses the power scope of city planning, the compilation method of comprehensive disaster prevention planning, and some experience during the compilation work.%城市作为现代社会人类赖以生存的巨型机器,如何加强其抵御灾害的能力成为一个必须面对的问题,城市综合防灾减灾规划的编制成为城市规划的一项重要内容和迫切任务.针对这个极为复杂并且陌生的命题,在编制北京城市综合防灾减灾规划的过程中,突破以往城市规划领域单灾种罗列的编制方式,重点强化城市规划在城市防灾减灾中具有的前瞻性、空间统筹、综合协调等优势,力争衔接起城市总体规划与各相关专业规划,发挥恰如其分的作用.文章探讨了城市规划的事权范围,综合防灾减灾规划的编制方法和内容以及组织编制过程中的一些工作体会.

  15. Urban megaprojects-based approach in urban planning: from isolated objects to shaping the city:The case of Dubai

    OpenAIRE

    Aoun, Oula

    2016-01-01

    Urban megaprojects are at the core of cities’ re-imaging and marketing. As large-scale development projects, they are considered as a globalization product, marked by a search for spectacle and visibility. In Dubai, UMPs have constituted in recent years the main tool in drawing a city image that aims to compete with the world global cities. Through UMPs, an economy based on spectacle and fascination is being deployed, within a complex system of governance that encompasses family ties, busines...

  16. 基于宜居目标的山水城市规划控制研究:以肇庆市为例%Planning Control to Scenic City Based on Livable Target: The Case of Zhaoqing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘垚; 邓昭华; 李钰

    2012-01-01

    In the "Research of livable city evaluation index system of science", the livable city includes six indicators, "the beauty of environment" and "the ease of living "are closely related to the urban planning. Zhaoqing as a famous tourist city and historical&cultural city, has always been famous by its "Mountain. Lake. City. River". With rapid advance in modern cities and towns in recent years, some new development of residential area for local interests at the expense of urban environmental quality acts common. Technical perspective, the results of internal predictability of the urban space planning, lack of control, and need a complete index system. Indicators of current planning controls do not apply to reflect the city's old town area. It will not be able to ensure the public use of the scarce resources of nature landscape. The research is based on the "livable" urban landscape experience and the idea of "form-based coding". Through the overall control and form control of residential area, the urban landscape will be suitable for living purposes.%在《宜居城市科学评价指标体系研究》中,宜居城市包括六项指标,其中“环境优美度”和“生活便宜度”与城市规划密切相关.肇庆作为著名的风景旅游城市和国家历史文化名城,一向以“山湖城江”闻名于世.近年来随着城镇建设的快速推进,一些新开发的楼盘为了局部利益牺牲城市环境质量的行为屡见不鲜.从技术层面看,国内当前规划对空间结果预见性不足,缺乏相对完善的控制指标体系.现行的规划控制不适用于体现城市特色的老城区,更无法保证稀缺景观资源的公共性是导致上述现象的主要原因.该文借鉴世界著名“宜居”山水城市经验,借助“形态区划”的方法,从宏观到微观,通过整体风貌控制和居住建筑形态控制,在保护城市山水环境基础上达到宜居的目的.

  17. Modelling regional climate change and urban planning scenarios and their impacts on the urban environment in two cities with WRF-ACASA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falk, M.; Pyles, R. D.; Marras, S.; Spano, D.; Paw U, K. T.

    2011-12-01

    The number of urban metabolism studies has increased in recent years, due to the important impact that energy, water and carbon exchange over urban areas have on climate change. Urban modeling is therefore crucial in the future design and management of cities. This study presents the ACASA model coupled to the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF-ARW) mesoscale model to simulate urban fluxes at a horizontal resolution of 200 meters for urban areas of roughly 100 km^2. As part of the European Project "BRIDGE", these regional simulations were used in combination with remotely sensed data to provide constraints on the land surface types and the exchange of carbon and energy fluxes from urban centers. Surface-atmosphere exchanges of mass and energy were simulated using the Advanced Canopy Atmosphere Soil Algorithm (ACASA). ACASA is a multi-layer high-order closure model, recently modified to work over natural, agricultural as well as urban environments. In particular, improvements were made to account for the anthropogenic contribution to heat and carbon production. For two cities four climate change and four urban planning scenarios were simulated: The climate change scenarios include a base scenario (Sc0: 2008 Commit in IPCC), a medium emission scenario (Sc1: IPCC A2), a worst case emission scenario (Sce2: IPCC A1F1) and finally a best case emission scenario (Sce3: IPCC B1). The urban planning scenarios include different development scenarios such as smart growth. The two cities are a high latitude city, Helsinki (Finland) and an historic city, Florence (Italy). Helsinki is characterized by recent, rapid urbanization that requires a substantial amount of energy for heating, while Florence is representative of cities in lower latitudes, with substantial cultural heritage and a comparatively constant architectural footprint over time. In general, simulated fluxes matched the point observations well and showed consistent improvement in the energy partitioning over

  18. Excite City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans; Jensen, Ole B.

    This paper takes its point of departure in the pressure of the experience economy on European cities - a pressure which in recent years has found its expression in a number of comprehensive transformations of the physical and architectural environments, and new eventscapes related to fun and cult...... attention is put on a new research project called "Experience City - hybrid cultural projects and performative urban spaces". The thesis and research themes are presented and related to the general framework of present cultural planning and post industrial urban transformation.......This paper takes its point of departure in the pressure of the experience economy on European cities - a pressure which in recent years has found its expression in a number of comprehensive transformations of the physical and architectural environments, and new eventscapes related to fun...

  19. 基于市民感知的城市意象对城市规划的影响——以四川省宜宾市为例%Impact of Perception of the Public Image of the City on Urban Planning-Taking Yibin City Sichuan as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈超

    2012-01-01

    城市规划与城市居民以及游客的生活息息相关,一个好的规划可以为市民和游客带来更多的实惠与方便。“十二五”规划出台以后,城市居民对城市规划有什么样的感知意象,与他们的想法有什么差别,有多大差别,本文结合《宜宾市城市总体规划(2008-2020)》、《宜宾市近期建设规划》及宜宾市居民感知的城市意象与城市规划的相符度,浅析市民感知意象对城市规划的影响。%Urban Planning, the lives of city residents and tourists are closedly related. A good city-plan can bring citizens and tourists benefits convenience. After the completion of the 12th Five-Year Plan, this paper de- scribes the perception of the public image of the City on urban planning, and the differences between the existing urban planning and their desirable one After the completion of the 12th Five-Year Plan. Then how the “Yibin City Planning” and “Yibin Recent City Planning of Yibin” is accordance with residents whishes. In conclusion, the analysis of impact of the public perception of the city on the urban planning with of Yibin City.

  20. 深圳无线城市WLAN规划与组网研究%Research on WLAN Planning and Networking of Shenzhen Wireless City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾晶; 孙石峰

    2013-01-01

      在分析深圳信息化发展环境的基础上,探讨了深圳无线城市WLAN的定位,结合WLAN系统规划建设规律,研究了深圳无线城市运营模式、WLAN规划思路和建设方案。%Based on the analysis of development of Shenzhen informatization environment, it discusses the WLAN positioning. It also re-searches the operation mode of Shenzhen wireless city, the WLAN construction ideas and solution in combination with WLAN system planning rule.

  1. Planning and Design of the Plum Garden City Project%浅析梅苑城邦项目的规划设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏尚飞

    2013-01-01

    This paper taking the humanities Huangmei county city of the plum garden city project as the research object, dis-cusses the city, culture, architecture, natural design idea and pr-inciple. And specific discusses the overal planning Landsca-pe design and its surrounding but not conform to, the separatei-on of people and vehicles streamline design, space environme-nt design and penetration of the integration of resources and c-ultural heritage.%  本文以人文古城黄梅县的梅苑城邦项目为研究对象,论述了其城市、文化、建筑、自然的设计理念与原则。并对其围而不合的总体规划、人车分流的流线设计、空间环境相渗透的形态设计以及资源整合与文脉继承的景观设计进行具体了探讨与论述。

  2. Strategic Decision-making,Action Planning,Flexible Creation:A Philosophic Thinking on Chinese City Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the rich experience in urban construction in China for decades,the author argues that urban planning is a process of flexible creation under the guidance of strategic decision-making and action planning and in accordance with local conditions in hope of creating better human settlements and a harmonious society at the same time.Efforts should be made to strengthen the general knowledge and universal truth on urban planning and transform them into public consensus.

  3. When planners deal with change: Stories of Performativity in the politics of urban planning in two Scandinavian cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lissandrello, Enza

    various meanings, its politics and the complexity of governance. This shift in planning research has made it possible to understand the complex dynamics of deliberation in planning and its connections with politics and power (Hayek, 1945; Mandelbaum, 1979; Flyvbjerg, 1998; Brooks, 2002; Hajer and Wagenaar...... within a set of meanings and forms of legitimation. Across this analytic approach, some dimensions of transitions in urban planning include new institutional conditions and the actions of public planners, their performativity and their role in establishing innovative policy-making and planning practices...

  4. 浅谈业务联动在城市规划行业方面的应用%Application of Business Interaction in City Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳华; 孙大龙

    2013-01-01

    电子政务是技术创新和管理与体制创新的结合,以政府为主导的电子政务的发展将为政府的管理方式带来深刻的变革.作为城市发展龙头的规划行业信息化建设,经过多年的发展,在管理和应用方面日趋成熟,但是也出现一些共性以及个性的问题.城市规划管理系统方面,正在日益与数字城管、工程监管、土地监管、数字房产、数字执法、数字市政、数字管网等信息化系统整合应用,显示出系统整合应用在城市规划建设管理与服务中的巨大优势.%E - government is the combination of technology revolution and management innovation. The city planning management system is increasingly interacting with engineering supervision, digital ruling and government and the integration of the systems shows the advantages in city planning management and services.

  5. Tourism transportation planning based on TOD mode in Penglai city%基于TOD模式的蓬莱市旅游交通规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹鸿雁

    2011-01-01

    TOD模式与城市旅游交通规划结合,能够实现交通对旅游的支撑作用以及交通与土地利用之间的和谐互动.蓬莱市旅游交通规划从公共交通为主导、创造人性化交通环境的理念出发,探索了城市旅游交通规划中TOD模式的技术途径,即功能明确的旅游公交专线规划,无缝整合旅游换乘枢纽与核心景区,以公共交通为主体的交通组织,新区组团公交枢纽建设,完善的慢行交通体系构建,节约型旅游停车供给.%Combining TOD mode with tourism transportation planning achieves the supporting role of transportation in the tourism and the harmonious interaction between transportation and land use. The planning strategy is put forward based on TOD mode in Penglai city tourism transportation planning, that is, function defined tourism public transport planning, seamless integration of tourism transit hub and core scenic area, public transport as the main traffic organization, new district public transit hub construction, sound slow traffic system construction, and economical tourism parking supply.

  6. 78 FR 15041 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Miles City Resource Management Plan and Environmental Impact...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-08

    ... be managed to enhance and protect cultural resources. Management actions proposed for this area are... analyze and update public land and resource management objectives within the planning area. The planning...-Grouse protection priority areas. The 21 areas proposed for designation and the resource use...

  7. Thinking andAnalysis of Smart City Construction in China Based on Urban PlanningAngle%基于城市规划视角的我国智慧城市建设思考分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王广斌; 彭荔; 杨洋; 马国锋

    2013-01-01

      城市规划与智慧城市都旨在使城市得到健康可持续的发展,为城市居民创造更美好的生活。城市规划发展历程中的诸多理念都与智慧城市的内涵、目标相通,从已趋成熟的城市规划体系入手确实可以为新兴的智慧城市建设带来一定的启发。基于以上分析,分别对智慧城市的规划方式、规划理念、规划决策、组织机制、城市形态和城市管理这一建设全过程的各个方面所得的借鉴意义进行了详细阐述。%This paper il ustrates the connotations of Smart City and Urban Planning, analyzes the interrelations between them from the guidance of urban planning theories to Smart City and conversely the influence of Smart City construction to Urban Planning, proves that a mature urban planning system does bring some inspiration for the emerging Smart City, finally elaborates the suggestions and references learned from urban planning angle in all aspects of the whole Smart City construction process including planning targets, planning concepts, decision-making, organizational mechanisms, spacial form and city management.

  8. Final work plan : phase I investigation of potential contamination at the former CCC/USDA grain storage facility in Montgomery City, Missouri.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LaFreniere, L. M.; Environmental Science Division

    2010-08-16

    former grain storage facility, the CCC/USDA will conduct investigations to (1) characterize the source(s), extent, and factors controlling the possible subsurface distribution and movement of carbon tetrachloride at the Montgomery City site and (2) evaluate the health and environmental threats potentially represented by the contamination. This work will be performed in accord with the Intergovernmental Agreement established between the Farm Service Agency of the USDA and the MoDNR, to address carbon tetrachloride contamination potentially associated with a number of former CCC/USDA grain storage facilities in Missouri. The investigations at Montgomery City will be conducted on behalf of the CCC/USDA by the Environmental Science Division of Argonne National Laboratory. Argonne is a nonprofit, multidisciplinary research center operated by UChicago Argonne, LLC, for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The CCC/USDA has entered into an agreement with DOE, under which Argonne provides technical assistance to the CCC/USDA with environmental site characterization and remediation at its former grain storage facilities. The site characterization at Montgomery City will take place in phases. This approach is recommended by the CCC/USDA and Argonne, so that information obtained and interpretations developed during each incremental stage of the investigation can be used most effectively to guide subsequent phases of the program. This site-specific Work Plan outlines the specific technical objectives and scope of work proposed for Phase I of the Montgomery City investigation. This Work Plan also includes the community relations plan to be followed throughout the CCC/USDA program at the Montgomery City site. Argonne is developing a Master Work Plan specific to operations in the state of Missouri. In the meantime, Argonne has issued a Provisional Master Work Plan (PMWP; Argonne 2007) that has been reviewed and approved by the MoDNR for current use. The PMWP (Argonne 2007) provides

  9. Research on Application of Virtual Reality Technology in City Planning%虚拟现实技术在城市规划中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁智杰; 梁照

    2014-01-01

    当前我国城市规划和建筑设计方案审核过程中,主要是采用实体模型、静态渲染效果图或计算机三维动画来考察其视觉效果和与周围环境的协调关系;该文在分析了上述表现手段不足之处的基础上,提出了将虚拟现实技术应用于城市规划领域的优势及必要性,并以西南科技大学新区校园漫游系统的开发为实例研究了虚拟现实技术在校园规划中的具体应用。%The current our country city planning and architectural design of the review process, is the main model, static render-ing effect drawing or computer 3D animation to explore the visual effect and the coordination and the surrounding environment by using entity; based on the analysis of the above performance means insufficiency, proposes the application of virtual reality technology in the field of the advantages of city planning and the necessity, application and development of new area of South-west University of Science and Technology campus roaming system for the example research of virtual reality technology in cam-pus planning.

  10. 生态视角下的三亚市空间结构规划%Spatial Structure Planning of Sanya City from Ecological Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王胜男; 杨丹

    2012-01-01

    三亚市作为我国唯一的热带滨海旅游城市,在建设国际旅游岛空前繁荣的背景下,大量的城市移民和游客涌入,导致市区内部交通拥堵、环境恶化,城市空间向周边腹地快速无序扩展.为解决城市发展与环境的矛盾,遵循景观生态规划原则,提出从市域、市区两个层次入手,规划未来三亚市的空间结构.市域空间结构组织采用复合指状模式,旨在完善三亚市景观生态安全格局。高效发挥自然资源的生态效应;市区空间外拓采用网络组团模式,以期打造各个组团特色,增加组团间联系,强化不同分区的生态功能.%As the only tropical seashore tourist city of China, Sanya is trying to become an international tourist destination. Meanwhile, the city experiences large flux of urban immigrants and tourists, causing urban issues such as traffic congestion, environment deterioration, and rapid urban sprawl. In order to solve the contradiction between urban development and environment, following the principles of landscape ecologycal planning, this paper puts forward the idea of spatial structure planning of Sanya from the level of city territory and urban district. City territory spatial structure uses an enhanced palm model, aiming at improving the threshold landscape pattern and boosting the ecological effect of natural resources. Urban district space expansion design is based on the network grouping model, so that distinctive ecological functions can be expressed explicitly.

  11. Designing colonial cities : the making of modern town planning in the Dutch East Indies and Indonesia 1905-1950

    OpenAIRE

    Roosmalen, P.K.M. van

    2011-01-01

    Far-reaching socio-economic changes caused by burgeoning private enterprise, in combination with new insights and demands in terms of hygiene, infrastructure, architecture and town planning; emerging anti-sentiments among growing numbers of indigenous inhabitants; and the direct confrontation of administrators with local issues: together these provided a prolific setting for the making of modern town planning in the Dutch East Indies in the fi rst half of the twentieth century.

  12. Discussions of Guangzhou City Road Traffic Planning Construction%广州市道路交通规划建设探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪振东; 常华

    2012-01-01

    Regarding the basic conditions and existing problems of road system planning in Guangzhou City,combining with the planning construction and management experiences of foreign urban road traffic,the article proposed the optimization measures and recommen-dations of urban road traffic planning construction based on small-scale road network,rea-sonable road level gradation and fast-road system,which provided a theoretical basis to al-leviate urban traffic congestion.%文章针对广州市道路系统规划的基本状况及存在的问题,结合国外城市道路交通规划建设及管理经验,提出了基于小尺度道路网、合理道路等级级配和快速路系统的城市道路交通规划建设优化措施及建议,为缓解城市交通拥堵提供理论依据。

  13. Prospective Analysis and Critique of the Territory of Araquari: The Relationship Between Sustainability Criteria in the City Master Plan and Territorial Sustainable Development (TSD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrey Freitas da Silva

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the prospective analysis and criticism for the territory of Araquari (Santa Catarina according to the sustainability criteria of Ignacy Sachs and the Master Plan in the field of Sustainable Territorial Development (DTS. The research is qualitative and exploratory and uses a socio-historical context of Araquari.  The objective is to identify the potential of the territory and to highlight the role of the management of organizational settings and social transformations, during an automotive factory installation in 2014 (Bayerische Motoren Werke - BMW. Through evaluation of the sustainability criteria, the Master Plan of the municipality is assessed with regard to the managers and civil society, state and market, with terms and Reflections of DTS and the expectations and challenges in view of the managers. The research reports on aspects of Brazilian municipalities that are home to complex automotive and crossed processes with the expectation that positive and similar processes should happen in Araquari. The study concludes with the need to comply to the letter of the Master Plan by all stakeholders in accordance with its guidelines. It is essential that the following requirements be addressed: the social functions of the city, social function of property, sustainability, equality in social justice, and democratic and participatory management.

  14. OpenCities Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — The Open Cities Project aims to catalyze the creation, management and use of open data to produce innovative solutions for urban planning and resilience challenges...

  15. Relfections on Smart City from Urban Planning Perspective%城市规划视角下智慧城市的审视和反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张纯; 李蕾; 夏海山

    2016-01-01

    limitations and response. First, it traces the theoretical roots of Smart City and finds that it is not only influenced by rational planning after the Metering Revolution, but also penetrates through the western planning theories since the second half of 20th century. Second, accumulative researches define the concept of Smart City with multiple aims including efficiency, equality, livability and sustainability. Take the EU Smart City evaluation system as example, it covers multidimensional indicators from six aspects such as smart economy, smart people, smart governance, smart mobile, smart environment and smart community. Third, in the global Smart City practices, it also faces challenges from organization, governance, safety and privacy, and also IT. An integration action framework is established to respond these challenges. This paper emphasizes the importance of organization and policy, advocating Smart City is more an action than just a slogan. It concludes that technology may be helpful to increase the degree of intelligent, but it can neither make city smarter by itself, nor solve the real social and environmental problems in the quick urbanization. The implications of this paper lie in that the Smart City initiatives cannot be meet by just promoting IT, but need the integration of organization, policy, technique to promote smart city in a farsighted and sustainable way. This paper also provides implication for solving the social, transportation and environmental problems and building future smarter city practice in China.

  16. Research on New Urban Area Planning Based on TOD Mode:A Study on Binhu New District of Hefei City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    As an urban development mode,the TOD (Transit-oriented Development) mode,targeted at energy-saving and based on the public transportation system,has positive significance for solving problems like disordered urban sprawl and traffic congestion in Chinese cities.This article takes Binhu New District of Hefei as an example to illustrate the practice of the TOD mode in the urban design of large and medium-sized cities.The paper analyzes the relationship between the new district,central urban area,and public transportation development,and puts forward that the TOD mode is suitable for Bihu New District.It states that the TOD mode can be realized through methods such as the building of a "double-rapid" comprehensive public transportation network,the setting up of decentralized-compact urban clusters and TOD communities,the mixevd land-use,as well as the scenery design with complete walking space.The paper also proposes that certain flexible methods can be adopted in order to promote the TOD mode,including making full use of bus transit when rail transit is lacked,setting up TOD communities surrounding the transport hubs,etc.

  17. SIGNIFICATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS GENERATED BY THE IRRIGATION DITCHES COIS, PULEN AND YORTUQUE OF CHICLAYO'S CITY PERU: PROPOSAL OF A MITIGATION PLAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romero, Blanca

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Water bodies near urban areas can suffer a steady deterioration by anthropogenic activities that impact the environment. The present research aims to identify and assess the impacts generated by the irrigation ditches Cois, Pulen and Yortuque of Chiclayo's city, Lambayeque, Peru in which were established 12 sampling stations during the months of January to August 2009. The water quality of the irrigation ditches was determined by the standard methods of the APHA-AWWAWPCF. Air quality was assessed by olfactory perception and landscape by the method of representative subjectivity. The qualitative evaluation of the impacts used the matrix type of Leopold and for the quantitative the method of Fisher-Davis. Based upon the impact levels a proposal of a mitigation plan was generated. It was concluded: 1 The water of the irrigation ditches at present concentrations of BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand, total and thermotolerant 5,20 coliforms, metals such as lead, cadmium, 5.20 higher than the MPL(Maximum permitted level set by the DS-MINAM 002-2008-Peru, is not suitable for crop irrigation, recreational use or as drinking water for animals; 2The negative environmental impacts of the irrigation ditches on the atmosphere of Chiclayo's city, were valued as significant, very significant and severe; 3 Activities such as dumping domestic waste water, washing of vehicles and the accumulation of solid waste affect the water quality of the irrigation ditches, air quality and the urban landscape.

  18. 健康城市导向下的社区规划%Healthy City Oriented Community Planning/Wang Yi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王一

    2015-01-01

    为应对城市化问题给人类健康带来的挑战,20世纪80年代学界赋予了健康城市新的内涵,并在全球展开了建设健康城市的行动。社区作为落实健康城市战略的基本单元,受到了广泛的关注。文章提出健康城市导向下的社区规划应关注满足活动需求与保护生态环境,并在此基础上提出了健康社区的评价和规划策略:以城市更新促进用地混合,提升社区经济与就业;通过合理选址与联合使用,发挥学校的社会效用;活动策划与交通组织相结合,引导健康生活方式;加强能源管理与部门协作,推进资源再利用。%Healthy city has been granted with new meanings in response to urban problems since 1980s, and as a movement it has been carried out globaly. Community is the basic unit and focus in healthy city development. The paper argues community planning shal focus on activity and ecology, and puts forwards evaluation and planning strategies: mixed land use by urban renewal;enhancement of local economy and employment; ful exertion of school’s social functions; healthy life by activity organization and transportation; reuse of resource and energy by departmental colaboration.

  19. Designing colonial cities : the making of modern town planning in the Dutch East Indies and Indonesia 1905-1950

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roosmalen, P.K.M. van

    2011-01-01

    Far-reaching socio-economic changes caused by burgeoning private enterprise, in combination with new insights and demands in terms of hygiene, infrastructure, architecture and town planning; emerging anti-sentiments among growing numbers of indigenous inhabitants; and the direct confrontation of adm

  20. 75 FR 55344 - Notice of Intent To Prepare a Resource Management Plan for the Cedar City Field Office, Utah, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-10

    ... Vehicle Area Designations; Special Recreation Management Areas; Wild Horse and Burro management... boundaries for Wild Horse Herd Management Areas will be addressed in the plan. 7. Decisions of the RMP will... Office, Utah, and Associated Environmental Impact Statement AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management,...

  1. Building Low Carbon Cities: Framework to Design and Evaluate Alternative Technologies and Policies for Land Use Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashimoto, S.; Hamano, H.; Fujita, T.; Hori, H.

    2008-12-01

    Annex I parties of the Kyoto Protocol are facing even greater pressures to fulfill their commitment for GHG reduction as they enter the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol 2008-2012. In Japanese context, one such challenge is to reduce CO2 emissions from the household and business sectors because CO2 emissions from the both sectors has increased by 12% and 20% respectively since 1990 while the industry has achieved 21% of CO2 emissions reduction. Land use planning, which, either directly or indirectly, controls appropriate uses for land within jurisdictions, might play very important roles to deal with CO2 reductions from the household and business sectors. In this research, aiming at effective reductions of air- conditioning energy consumption and resultant CO2 emissions from the household and business sectors, the framework to design and evaluate land use planning was developed. The design and evaluation processes embraced in this framework consist of GIS database, technology and policy inventory for planning, one- dimensional urban canopy model which evaluate urban climate at neighborhood level and air-conditioning load calculation procedure. The GIS database provides spatial information of target areas such as land use, building use and road networks, which, then, helps design alternative land use plans. The technology and policy inventory includes various planning options ranging from those for land over control to those for building energy control, which, combined with the GIS database, serves for planning process. The urban canopy model derives vertical profiles of local climate, such as temperature and humidity, using the information of land use, building height and so on, aided by the GIS database. Vertical profiles of the urban climate are then utilized to derive air-conditioning load and associated CO2 emissions for each building located in target areas. The framework developed was applied to the coastal district of Kawasaki, Japan, with an

  2. Comprehensive Transportation Planning in Tourism City: A Case Study in Sanya%专业旅游城市综合交通规划技术方法研究——以三亚市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴继锋; 杜恒; 张国华

    2013-01-01

    为完善专业旅游城市的综合交通规划技术体系,通过总结国外专业旅游城市在综合交通规划建设过程中的经验,在识别旅游交通特征的基础上,分析专业旅游城市对交通体系的基本要求.针对专业旅游城市交通规划面临的关键问题和挑战,指出应将旅游交通特征和规律的研究贯穿综合交通规划始终,实现旅游交通与城市居民常规交通高度融合,进而提出综合交通规划技术体系框架.以三亚市为例,重点探讨了专业旅游城市交通设施合理规模的确定,以及交通设施规划基本思路.%To improve the methodology of comprehensive transportation planning in tourism city, this paper discusses the tourist travel characteristics and requirements for a corresponding transportation system, through learning experience from other tourism cities around the world in comprehensive transportation planning and development. Aiming at the problems and challenges facing tourism city's urban transportation planning, the paper points out that tourism travel characteristics and patterns should always be considered in comprehensive transportation planning to promote the coordination of tourism traffic and daily commuting traffic. The paper also presents a framework of comprehensive transportation planning for tourism city. Taking Sanya as an example, the paper elaborates the reasonable development of transportation facilities and basic transportation facility planning schemes in tourism city.

  3. City 2020+

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, C.; Buttstädt, M.; Merbitz, H.; Sachsen, T.; Ketzler, G.; Michael, S.; Klemme, M.; Dott, W.; Selle, K.; Hofmeister, H.

    2010-09-01

    This research initiative CITY 2020+ assesses the risks and opportunities for residents in urban built environments under projected demographic and climate change for the year 2020 and beyond, using the City of Aachen as a case study. CITY 2020+ develops scenarios, options and tools for planning and developing sustainable future city structures. We investigate how urban environment, political structure and residential behavior can best be adapted, with attention to the interactions among structural, political, and sociological configurations and with their consequences on human health. Demographers project that in the EU-25-States by 2050, approximately 30% of the population will be over age 65. Also by 2050, average tem¬peratures are projected to rise by 1 to 2 K. Combined, Europe can expect enhanced thermal stress and higher levels of particulate matter. CITY 2020+ amongst other sub-projects includes research project dealing with (1) a micro-scale assessment of blockages to low-level cold-air drainage flow into the city centre by vegetation and building structures, (2) a detailed analysis of the change of probability density functions related to the occurrence of heat waves during summer and the spatial and temporal structure of the urban heat island (UHI) (3) a meso-scale analysis of particulate matter (PM) concentrations depending on topography, local meteorological conditions and synoptic-scale weather patterns. First results will be presented specifically from sub-projects related to vegetation barriers within cold air drainage, the assessment of the UHI and the temporal and spatial pattern of PM loadings in the city centre. The analysis of the cold air drainage flow is investigated in two consecutive years with a clearing of vegetation stands in the beginning of the second year early in 2010. The spatial pattern of the UHI and its possible enhancement by climate change is addressed employing a unique setup using GPS devices and temperature probes fixed to

  4. 低碳城市理念在上海新城规划中的实践应用%Application of Low-carbonTheory in New City Planning of Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈琳; 石崧; 王玲慧

    2011-01-01

    新城战略是贯穿上海城市规划的基本规划战略之一。面对城市转型发展的宏观背景,上海启动新一轮新城建设,低碳生态的基本理念成为指导新城建设的重要指导思想。作为上海本轮首个批复的新城规划,南桥新城总体规划修编在工作过程中从网络生态、紧凑发展、复合有机三个层面落实低碳城市理念的基本出发点,搭建起规划理念到实践间的桥梁。%New city construction is one of the basic strategies adopted in urban planning of Shanghai. Under the macro-background of urban development and economic transition, Shanghai has started a new round of new city construction which is guided by an important theory, i.e. low-carbon theory. As the initial new city planning approved in Shanghai, the master planning of Nanqiao New City applied the low- carbon theory from three perspectives of network ecology, compact development, and composition and organism, which bridges the planning theory and practice.

  5. Planning and Design of Garden City Green Space System%园林城市绿地系统规划与设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾令俊

    2012-01-01

    Based on the specific conditions of the urban greening in under the new situation,city greening was classified from the function of green space angle and served in the planning of the urban green space,construction,management,statistics,and played promotion and guidance role in the internal structure of urban green system and the development of urban peripheral greening,and at the same time contributed to the construction and development of the discipline of landscape architecture and urban green space planning.%新形势下城市绿化的具体情况,主要从绿地的功能角度进行分类,使其能为城市绿地的规划、建设、管理、统计服务,并能对城市绿地系统的内部结构、城市大环境绿化的发展起推动、引导作用,同时对风景园林及城市绿地规划学科的建设发展作出贡献。

  6. 生态城市规划建设面临的问题分析%To Analysis the Problems of the Eco-city Planning and Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖潇

    2013-01-01

    With the continuous advance of China's urbanizati-on, how to create a livable environment and how man and nat-ure develop harmony and unity have become one of today's most important urban issues. The sustainability of city has clo-se contact with the urban ecological planning and construction. In this article, the author summarize and analysis the problems of modern ecological urban planning in the actual construction.%  随着我国城市化进程的不断前进,如何为城市人口营造宜居的环境,人与自然如何和谐统一发展已成为当今最为重要的城市问题之一。城市的可持续性发展与城市的生态规划与建设有着紧密的联系,本文针对现代生态城市规划在实际建设中面临的问题进行了总结与分析。

  7. A Multi-Objective Input–Output Linear Model for Water Supply, Economic Growth and Environmental Planning in Resource-Based Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenlan Ke

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Water resource and environment capacity have become two of the most important restrictions for sustainable development in resource-based cities whose leading industries are the exploitation and processing of resources. Taking Ordos in China as an example, this article constructs an integrated model combining a multi-objective optimization model with input–output analysis to achieve the tradeoffs between economic growth, water utilization and environmental protection. This dynamic model includes socioeconomic, water supply–demand, water quality control, air quality control, energy consumption control and integrated policy sub-models. These six sub-models interact with each other. After simulation, this article proposes efficient solutions on industrial restructuring by maximizing the Gross Regional Product of Ordos from 394.3 in 2012 to 785.1 billion RMB in 2025 with a growth rate of 6.4% annually; and presents a water supply plan by maximizing the proportion of reclaimed water from 2% to 6.3% through sewage treatment technology selection and introduction, and effective water allocation. Meanwhile, the environmental impacts are all in line with the planning targets. This study illustrates that the integrated modeling is generic and can be applied to any region suffering uncoordinated development issues and can serve as a pre-evaluation approach for conducting early warning research to offer suggestions for government decision-making.

  8. Integrating Decentralized Rainwater Management in Urban Planning and Design: Flood Resilient and Sustainable Water Management Using the Example of Coastal Cities in The Netherlands and Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thorsten Schuetze

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Urbanized delta areas worldwide share a growing tendency of exposure to water stress induced by the effects of climate change and anthropogenic factors, threatening the operation of infrastructure systems and future urban development. The important synergistic impacts coexisting with freshwater scarcity are increasing urbanization rates, subsiding soils, saltwater intrusion in aquifers and rivers, coastal erosion, and increased flooding. Innovative design strategies and concepts for the integration of decentralized rainwater management measures can contribute to the integrated and climate resilient planning of urban spaces that are threatened by climate change scenarios that worsen the security of urban infrastructures and the future availability of fresh water. Decentralized rainwater management, including retention, storage, and reuse strategies that are integrated into spatial planning and urban design, can reduce flood risks while simultaneously enhancing freshwater availability. This paper discusses a paradigm shift in urban water management, from centralized to decentralized management (that is, from threats to opportunities, using the example of two case studies. Concepts and strategies for building climate resilient cities, which address flood control, the protection of freshwater resources, and the harmonization of a natural and more sustainable water balance, are presented for Almere (Rhine Schelde Delta, The Netherlands and Hsingchu (Dotzpu Delta, Taiwan.

  9. 基于海绵城市理念的城市规划方法探讨%The Methodological Discussion on Urban Planning on the Concept of Sponge City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仝贺; 王建龙; 车伍; 李俊奇; 聂爱华

    2015-01-01

    Through the analysis of the main problems existing in urban planning and its inner links with the prominent urban water environment problem, such as the city drainage waterlogging, stormwater runoff polution and the shortage of water resources. Starting from the point of urban construction land control and each level connection of urban planning, the ideas of solving the problem of city water environment is put forward from the source of the city construction, therefore, the sponge city construction has been incorporated into each stage of urban planning. a pilot construction project of the sponge city at 2015 is taken as an example, under the concept of the sponge city, how to realize the effective connection between urban overal planning, detailed planning and special planning is introduced in detail, in order to provide planning and design methods which can be used for reference for the construction of China's sponge city.%通过分析我国城市规划设计中存在的主要问题,及其与城市排水防涝、雨水径流污染、水资源短缺等突出城市水环境问题的内在联系.从城市用地控制、各层级规划衔接等角度出发,提出了从城市建设源头解决城市水环境问题的规划思路,进而将海绵城市建设内容纳入到城市规划的各个阶段.以济南市海绵城市建设试点城市申报实施方案为例,详细阐述了基于海绵城市理念下的城市总体规划、各专项规划、详细规划之间如何实现有效衔接,以期为我国海绵城市的建设提供可借鉴的规划设计方法.

  10. 试论宜居性城市绿地的规划与建设%PLANNING AND CONSTRUCTION OF LIVABLE CITY GREEN SPACE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍学进; 曾菊新

    2011-01-01

    在生态城市、可持续发展等社会思潮的推动下,宜居性城市已逐渐成为新的城市发展观.我国的城市绿地建设也由过去的点缀性工作上升为城市基础设施建设的重点内容.但从城市的宜居性角度分析,我国城市绿地的规划与建设主要存在定位比较模糊,重综合公园和专类公园绿地、轻社区绿地,重绿地美化亮化效果、轻绿地生态效益,重整体性评价指标、轻宜居性指标等问题.立足于城市绿地规划的宜居性导向,提出了合理定位、绿地工程与主体工程"四同时",按自然规律进行城市绿地的建设与管理,突出社区性绿地,推行"绿径+缀块"的绿地网络布局,强调绿地的"可达性+开放性+复合性",以及适度兼顾绿地规模等宜居性城市绿地规划与建设的策略.%Under the social thought of ecological city and sustainable development, the livable city has gradually become a new development concept. Urban green space construction has become one of the most important matters of urban infrastructure planning and construction in our country, and has gained great achievement. However, the primary orientation of the planning and construction of the urban green space is very ambiguous. It focuses on the integrated parks and special parks rather than the communal green space, on the beautifying and shining effects rather than the eco-efficiency, on the integrated evaluation index rather than the index of the livability. For the livability-oriented of the urban green space planning,this paper brought forward the strategy of the livability of the urban green space,which stressed green space and other engineering‘ four simultaneities’, gave prominence to the communal green space, promoted the‘ green path and patch ’ in the network layout, emphasized the accessibility, openness, compound and the balance between appropriateness and scale.

  11. Calfornia General Plans

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — We undertook creating the first ever seamless statewide General Plan map for California. All county general plans and many city general plans were integrated into 1...

  12. Calfornia General Plans Rural

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — We undertook creating the first ever seamless statewide General Plan map for California. All county general plans and many city general plans were integrated into 1...

  13. 城市绿色建筑规划设计研究--以池州市梅林花园(东区)规划设计为例%Research Planning and Design of Urban Green Architecture-- Take Planning and Design of Meilin Garden (Eastern District) in Chizhou City as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡芝明

    2014-01-01

    Urban green building construction is an important symbol of city ecological environmental protection, and green and healthy construction. Harmonious development of the city must vigorously promote the city green building design. This paper takes the planning and design of Meilin garden (eastern district) in Chizhou city as an example, describing the design idea and the design requirements of green building planning.%城市绿色建筑建设是城市生态环保、绿色健康的重要标志,城市的和谐发展必须大力推广城市绿色建筑规划设计。本文以池州市梅林花园(东区)规划设计为例,阐述了绿色建筑规划的设计理念和设计要求。

  14. Maximizing children's physical activity: an evaluability assessment to plan a community-based, multi-strategy approach in an ethno-racially and socio-economically diverse city.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dwyer, John J M; Hansen, Barbara; Barrera, Maru; Allison, Kenneth; Ceolin-Celestini, Sandra; Koenig, Dan; Young, Deborah; Good, Margaret; Rees, Tim

    2003-09-01

    An evaluability assessment was conducted to plan a community-based, multi-strategy approach to physical activity promotion (MSAPAP) to maximize young children's physical activity in an ethno-racially and socio-economically diverse city. This assessment involved consultation with various stakeholders to develop a program logic model to diagrammatically describe the MSAPAP. First, published literature regarding physical activity was reviewed to describe interventions designed to increase children's physical activity and to identify factors that contributed to program effectiveness. Secondly, key informants from mainstream service organizations and smaller community-based agencies were interviewed to determine their views on how to increase physical activity among children and families. A workgroup developed a draft logic model based on the results of the literature review and community needs assessment results. Thirdly, stakeholders were consulted about the draft model. This consisted of 12 focus groups with members of school boards (two sessions), members of community organizations (three sessions), lay home visitors who provide support to mothers of young children in ethno-racially diverse communities (one session), and parents from six cultural groups (six sessions). The logic model was revised based on the findings from this consultation. The final logic model shows children aged 3-8 years as the main target group, and parents and various community members who influence children as intermediate target groups. The MSAPAP is depicted as six strategies, which are clusters of program activities that are conceptually similar: community engagement, community assessment, accessibility, promotion, education and skill development, and inclusive programming. The logic model shows the 'cause and effect' relationships among program activities, shorter-term outcome objectives (e.g. to reduce user fees for physical activity programs) and longer-term outcome objectives (e.g. to

  15. Times of Peace and Prosperity is Not a Destination and the World of Good that is on the other Side -- Effect of Two Kinds of Planning Theory on City Planning%治世绝非终点,善世即在彼岸--浅谈两种规划理论对城市规划的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁霄; 魏来

    2014-01-01

    本文系统介绍了影响现代社会城市建设的两大主流规划理论的源起、特点和主要规划理论,这对我国当前的城市规划价值观的重新思考、公正的规划制度建设与发展有着重要的意义。%This paper systematicaly introduced the origin, fe- atures and main planning theory of two mainstream planning theory influencing the city planning in modern society. The re- search has important significance for the reconsideration of the values of current city planning and the development of plan- ning system of justice in China.

  16. Low-carbon City and Complex Community: From Planning Ideas to Planning Practice-A Case Study of Shanghai Nanqiao New City%从规划理念到实践的低碳城市与复合社区——以上海市南桥新城为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈琳; 石崧; 王玲慧

    2011-01-01

    in recent years, low-carbon concept has become a defining parameter of sustainable development. How the idea of low-carbon city can be translated into specific technical means to guide urban development remains a question. At the present, another round of city planning in Shanghai provides a good experimental platform for the realization of the afore-mentioned objectives. Based on the case of Shanghai Nanqiao New City, this paper proposes ideas to build a compact city by developing diverse communities to achieve the low-carbon objectives, taking into consideration of the increased opportunities for carbon emission trading and reduction.%近年来,“低碳”概念已经成为落实可持续发展理念的重要手段.城市规划作为城市发展重要的制度安排,应将“低碳城市”从单纯的理念转变为具体的技术手段,并能有效落实在城市空间组织的过程之中.目前,上海新一轮新城规划为上述目标的实现提供了有益的实验场所.基于上海南桥新城的规划实践,提出通过“复合社区”建设,从增加碳汇和降低碳排放的基本立足点出发,探讨从规划层面引导形成紧凑的城市形态、有序的城市空间结构,从而实现低碳城市的发展目标.

  17. Geotechnical mapping of the urban perimeter of Chapada dos Guimarães: subsidies to the city master plan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Ximenes de Tavares Salomão

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The cartographic prediction, characterization, and documentation of geological processes and hazard areas have fundamentalimportance for land-use regulation and planning, respecting the potentials and limits of the lands. Geotechnical mappingis an effective tool, which provides local authorities with such information, as demonstrated in the elaboration of thegeotechnical mapping of the urban area of Chapada dos Guimarães, in Mato Grosso state, Brazil. The morphopedologicalapproach was used, and it allowed the integrated interpretation of physical components and deductions of water shed operations.It also allowed the boundary identification of areas of relative homogeneity, as far as physical processes, geotechnicalattributes, potentialities and restrictions of land use are concerned. Six geotechnical units were defined and characterized.One was favorable for using without restrictions; two others were restricted but subject to control by Civil Engineeringworks and the remaining three ones presented geological risks associated with mass movement and erosion. The latter wasconsidered non favorable for human occupation, therefore of restricted use, and specific planning conditions.

  18. The Research on the Smart Planning Platform in the Context of Smart City%智慧城市背景下的智慧规划平台研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐刚; 李林琦

    2014-01-01

    在智慧城市背景下,如何充分利用各种信息化手段,提高城市规划建设的管理水平,是亟待解决的一个重大问题。通过融合BPM(业务流程管理)、GIS(地理信息系统)、BYOD(移动办公)等信息技术,结合温州经济技术开发区规划管理实际,建设实现图、文、表、管一体化的规划建设审批、成果管理、决策支持的智慧规划平台,为规划建设的智能高效管理奠定基础。%Under the background of smart city , how to utilize informatization method and improve the level of city planning and construction becomes a huge challenge .With the technologies of BMP ,GIS,and BYOD,our smart planning stage combines the planning and management of Wenzhou economic and technological development zone , realizes func-tions of map,text,tables,tube integrated planning and construction approval ,result management and decision support ,and lays the foundation of smart and effective management of city planning .

  19. 陕西关中城际铁路网规划研究%Study on Planning of Inter-city Railway Network in Guanzhong of Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨萍

    2012-01-01

    研究目的:关中城市群是关天经济区的核心区域,关中城际铁路网的建设是促进区域协调发展、打造西部大开发战略高地的重大举措,对于发挥该地区的优势和引领作用,推动西北地区经济振兴,深入持续推进西部大开发,具有重大现实作用和深远的历史意义.借助关天经济区的批准设立,努力发挥以西安为核心的关中城市群的辐射带动作用.研究结论:在研究关中城市群位的特点、总体发展规划和关中城市群城市空间分布、产业布局规划、客流分布的基础上,确定线网主骨架.最终确定以宝鸡—西安—渭南为主轴,以西安为中心,向整个关中城市群辐射的“V”型主骨架加环形为主的“环形+放射”形网络结构为推荐方案.%Research purposes: From the study on the planning of the inter - city railway network in Guanzhong of Shanxi Province, it can be seen that the Guanzhong Urban agglomeration is the core region of the Guanzhong - Tianshui Economic Region, and construction of the inter - city railway network is the major action to promote the balanced development among different regions and form an important stragetic highland for the west development. Also this railway network has the significant realistic effect and profound historic sense for giving play to its proper and leading effect, promoting the economic revitalization of the North - West China, and pushing foreward the sustainable development. After the establishment of the Guanzhong - Tianshui Economic Region, the radiating and driving play of the Guanzhong Urban Agglomeration with Xi'an City as center will be further strengthened. Research conclusions: Based on studying the overall development plan, the space distribution, industry layout plan and passenger flow distribution of the Guanzhong Urban Agglomeration, the skeleton of network was defined. Finally, the circular radiative network structure of a " V" shape main frame was

  20. Ecological quality in cities: The organisation and co-ordination of environmental policy and urban planning at the local level

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uwe Schubert

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available The maintained hypothesis underpinning this study is that urban development and local environmental quality are in a long-run feedback relationship. The question arises in this context to which extent the institutional framework as well as the daily planning and policy- making routines are organised accordingly. The study relies on case-studies undertaken in 10 urban regions in Europe and the U.S. The first part of the contribution provides a comparison of different approaches to organise environmental policy and the role the local level plays (institutional framework. Different types of organisation within a country (the range of possibilities reaching from completely centralised systems, with practically no involvement of the local institutions to a completely decentralised, purely local policy system and within a city’s administration are identified. The pros and cons as seen by the interviewed experts are discussed.

  1. Waste flow analysis and life cycle assessment of integrated waste management systems as planning tools: Application to optimise the system of the City of Bologna.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tunesi, Simonetta; Baroni, Sergio; Boarini, Sandro

    2016-09-01

    The results of this case study are used to argue that waste management planning should follow a detailed process, adequately confronting the complexity of the waste management problems and the specificity of each urban area and of regional/national situations. To support the development or completion of integrated waste management systems, this article proposes a planning method based on: (1) the detailed analysis of waste flows and (2) the application of a life cycle assessment to compare alternative scenarios and optimise solutions. The evolution of the City of Bologna waste management system is used to show how this approach can be applied to assess which elements improve environmental performance. The assessment of the contribution of each waste management phase in the Bologna integrated waste management system has proven that the changes applied from 2013 to 2017 result in a significant improvement of the environmental performance mainly as a consequence of the optimised integration between materials and energy recovery: Global Warming Potential at 100 years (GWP100) diminishes from 21,949 to -11,169 t CO2-eq y(-1) and abiotic resources depletion from -403 to -520 t antimony-eq. y(-1) This study analyses at great detail the collection phase. Outcomes provide specific operational recommendations to policy makers, showing the: (a) relevance of the choice of the materials forming the bags for 'door to door' collection (for non-recycled low-density polyethylene bags 22 kg CO2-eq (tonne of waste)(-1)); (b) relatively low environmental impacts associated with underground tanks (3.9 kg CO2-eq (tonne of waste)(-1)); (c) relatively low impact of big street containers with respect to plastic bags (2.6 kg CO2-eq. (tonne of waste)(-1)). PMID:27170193

  2. Waste flow analysis and life cycle assessment of integrated waste management systems as planning tools: Application to optimise the system of the City of Bologna.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tunesi, Simonetta; Baroni, Sergio; Boarini, Sandro

    2016-09-01

    The results of this case study are used to argue that waste management planning should follow a detailed process, adequately confronting the complexity of the waste management problems and the specificity of each urban area and of regional/national situations. To support the development or completion of integrated waste management systems, this article proposes a planning method based on: (1) the detailed analysis of waste flows and (2) the application of a life cycle assessment to compare alternative scenarios and optimise solutions. The evolution of the City of Bologna waste management system is used to show how this approach can be applied to assess which elements improve environmental performance. The assessment of the contribution of each waste management phase in the Bologna integrated waste management system has proven that the changes applied from 2013 to 2017 result in a significant improvement of the environmental performance mainly as a consequence of the optimised integration between materials and energy recovery: Global Warming Potential at 100 years (GWP100) diminishes from 21,949 to -11,169 t CO2-eq y(-1) and abiotic resources depletion from -403 to -520 t antimony-eq. y(-1) This study analyses at great detail the collection phase. Outcomes provide specific operational recommendations to policy makers, showing the: (a) relevance of the choice of the materials forming the bags for 'door to door' collection (for non-recycled low-density polyethylene bags 22 kg CO2-eq (tonne of waste)(-1)); (b) relatively low environmental impacts associated with underground tanks (3.9 kg CO2-eq (tonne of waste)(-1)); (c) relatively low impact of big street containers with respect to plastic bags (2.6 kg CO2-eq. (tonne of waste)(-1)).

  3. 旅游岛屿城市的污水规划研究%Study on sewage planning for tourist island cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建国

    2014-01-01

    Taking Putuo Mountain in Zhejiang province as an example, through the variation of tourist number, the changing relation of sewage amount on the island is analyzed with the determination of the daily variation coefficient of the sewage. Based on the current situation of Putuo Mountain sewage treatment station, schemes for the sewage acquisition system is proposed with the construction of sewage regulating reservoirs in accordance with the huge variation of sewage quantity on the island, so as to provide certain reference to the sewage project planning of relevant tourist island cities.%以浙江普陀山为例,通过旅游人数的变化,分析了岛上污水量的变化关系,确定了污水的日变化系数,针对当前普陀山污水处理站的状况,提出了污水收集系统的方案,根据岛上污水量变化大的情况,在方案中设置了污水调节池,给相关旅游岛屿城市的污水工程规划提供一定的参考。

  4. EU Smart City Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmela Gargiulo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In recent years European Commission has developed a set of documents for Members States tracing, directly or indirectly, recommendations for the transformation of the European city. The paper wants to outline which future EU draws for the city, through an integrated and contextual reading of addresses and strategies contained in the last documents, a future often suggested as Smart City. Although the three main documents (Cohesion Policy 2014-2020 of European Community, Digital Agenda for Europe and European Urban Agenda face the issue of the future development of European cities from different points of view, which are respectively cohesion social, ICT and urban dimension, each of them pays particular attention to urban and territorial dimension, identified by the name of Smart City. In other words, the paper aims at drawing the scenario of evolution of Smart Cities that can be delineated through the contextual reading of the three documents. To this end, the paper is divided into three parts: the first part briefly describes the general contents of the three European economic plan tools; the second part illustrates the scenarios for the future of the European city contained in each document; the third part seeks to trace the evolution of the Smart Cities issue developed by the set of the three instruments, in order to provide the framework of European Community for the near future of our cities

  5. Small Cell City

    OpenAIRE

    Dehghan, S.; Steele, R.

    1997-01-01

    Traditionally, mobile operators have planned their networks to accommodate mobile terminals at ground level. Increasingly, mobile users communicate while stationary from within high-rise buildings. With mobiles operating at a variety of different heights and mobilities, plus the requirement to accommodate increasing teletraffic and multimedia services, there is a need to compact small cells into the three-dimensional city space. This article is concerned with using city buildings to act as el...

  6. Sustainable Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Georg, Susse; Garza de Linde, Gabriela Lucía

    Judging from the number of communities and cities striving or claiming to be sustainable and how often eco-development is invoked as the means for urban regeneration, it appears that sustainable and eco-development have become “the leading paradigm within urban development” (Whitehead 2003......). But what is it that is driving these urban transformations? Clearly, there are many probable answers to this complex question and in what follows we will focus on one particular catalyst of change – urban design competitions. Considered as field changing events (Lampel and Meyer 2008, Anand and Jones 2008......), urban design competitions are understudied mechanisms for bringing about field level changes. Drawing on actor network theory, this paper examines how urban design competitions may bring about changes within the professional field through the use of intermediaries such as a sustainable planning...

  7. The Spatial Structures and Town Planning of Industrial Cities in Modern Britain(1848-1939)%近代英国工业城市的空间结构与城市规划(1848-1939)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁远; 刘金源

    2015-01-01

    以曼彻斯特、伯明翰和利兹为代表的新型工业城市在空间结构方面体现出鲜明特征:随着新型工业建筑的出现,土地功能实现区分;各类建筑交叉林立,城市布局混乱;新的社会阶层居所分离形成。这种空间结构特征,使得工业城市中的“城市病”问题尤为突出。在英国19世纪中叶兴起的近代城市规划运动中,工业城市积极开展规划实践,空间结构得到合理重组,“城市病”得以缓解,城市面貌显著改观。%As the new type of cities,industrial cities,represented by Manchester,Birmingham and Leeds,embodied unique spatial structures:the land’ s functional classification was formed with the appearance of new industrial buildings,the architec-tural layout took on a chaotic look because of the mixture of various kinds of buildings and the new residential segregation of different classes emerged as well. These structural features resulted in especially serious“urban diseases” in industrial cities. During the modern town planning movement since the mid-19th century,industrial cities actively carried out planning prac-tices. As the achievement of town planning,the spatial structures of industrial cities have been reasonably re-organized,“ur-ban diseases” have been relieved and cities’ appearance has been remarkably improved as well.

  8. Futures of cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2008-01-01

    Arkitektskole. Bogen  har 3 dele. Principles: Copenhagen Agenda for Sustainable Living, 10 principper udviklet af Ugebrevet Mandag Morgen illustreret af arkitektstuderende. Congress: Futures of Cities, Emerging Urbanisms- Emerging Practices, oplæg fra unge tegnestuer til temaet fremlagt på Student Congress......Bogen dokumenterer resultater fra den internationale kongres Futures of Cities arrangeret af IFHP International Federation of Housing and Planning, Realdania, Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole og City of Copenhagen. Kongressen blev afholdt i september 2007 i Øksnehallen og på Kunstakademiets...

  9. Making the Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes the latest research into cultural planning and architectural branding in Denmark based on the ‘Experience City' research project located at Aalborg University. The paper explores the implication of the turn towards culture and experience in the contemporary Danish city. It thus...... makes an investigation into the complex relationship between the words and policies of the ‘Experience Economy' and the actual urban transformations made in cities with reference to these changes. The paper discusses the cases researched in relation to the state, market, civil society framework as well...

  10. CITIES: Centre for IT-Intelligent Energy Systems in Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herrmann, Ivan Tengbjerg; O'Connell, Niamh; Heller, Alfred;

    2014-01-01

    between operations and planning. This extended abstract outlines the challenges to be met by city and energy planning bodies in an energy efficient future. The necessity of novel, data driven and IT intelligent solutions is stressed. A focus is placed on energy system planning in systems with high...

  11. Xiangtan Urban Color Plan and Design Based on the City Brand Image%基于品牌形象的湘潭城市色彩规划设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马小强

    2015-01-01

    The urban color shows the city's cultural heritage and city personality, and shows the city brand image. This paper aims at the chaos of the application of urban color in Xiangtan, analyzing the region, natural resources and cultural characteristics that impact the urban color, and giving the corresponding countermeasures for Xiangtan urban color plan and design. It proposed that they not only should introduce the urban color system, but also should match the urban color harmoniously, and to ensure the implement of urban color planning through the establishment of sound urban color plan and design management standards, fundamentally solve the current chaos of color application in Xiangtan city plan and construction.%城市色彩彰显着城市的文化底蕴和城市个性,展示着城市品牌形象.本文针对湘潭城市色彩应用中的乱象,对影响城市色彩的地域、物产、人文等特征进行了具体分析,并为湘潭的城市色彩规划设计给出了相应的对策,提出不仅要引入城市主色彩体系,还要和谐搭配城市色彩,更要通过建立健全城市色彩规划设计管理标准的办法来确保城市色彩规划落到实处,从根本上解决目前湘潭城市规划建设中色彩应用的乱象.

  12. Image city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2003-01-01

    Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities.......Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities....

  13. Primary Education for All in the City of Mumbai, India: The Challenge Set by Local Actors. School Mapping and Local-Level Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juneja, Nalini

    This book discusses primary education of the poor in the city of Mumbai, India. It focuses on the city of Mumbai itself and the poor who live in it, answering questions such as What makes the city the way it is? What does it mean to be poor in Mumbai? and How does the poverty of the poor in Mumbai affect their chances of receiving a basic…

  14. Urban food planning, city logistics and sustainability: the role of the wholesale produce market. The cases of Parma and Bologna food hubs.

    OpenAIRE

    Morganti, Maria Eleonora

    2011-01-01

    At global level, the population is increasingly concentrating in the cities. In Europe, around 75% of the population lives in urban areas and, according to the European Environmental Agency (2010), urban population is foreseen to increase up to 80 % by 2020. At the same time, the quality of life in the cities is declining and urban pollution keeps increasing in terms of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, waste, noise, and lack of greenery. Many of European cities struggle to cope with social, ec...

  15. 基于山水要素的城市特色塑造研究--以江山市城市总体规划为例%The Study on City Characteristic Creation Based on Mountain-Water Element--A Case Study of Master Plan of Jiangshan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张如林; 邢仲余

    2013-01-01

      城市特色的塑造需要基于自身的特点,自然山水对于城市而言可遇不可求,如何因势利导,为城市特色加分是个永恒的课题。重点探讨在城市总体规划阶段的特色塑造,以江山市城市总体规划为例,从江山城市山水格局、特质及现状与问题分析入手,以“尊重生态本底、优化山水格局、优化城市组织”为核心思路,提出生态营城、景观提神、空间点睛、交通维局的规划手法与途径,实现城市特色的塑造以及城市品位的提升。%Creating the city characteristic needs its own feature, especial y when it has Mountain-Water Element, studying how to utilize it becomes very significance. This article discusses city characteristic creation at the master planning stage, as a case of master plan of Jiangshan city. The article firstly analyzes the city’s spatial framework, characteristics, and existing problems, and then puts forward dominant ideas as respecting the background eco-environment, optimizing mountain-water structure, optimizing city spatial organization. Finally, the article proposes four measures to create city characteristic and improve city quality, it’s about preserving the city’s mountain-water ecological environment, optimizing city’s landscape, increasing waterfront and hil side’s public space, organizing public transportation and slow-moving traffic along the mountains and rivers.

  16. 临安市森林城市建设实践与规划%Practice and Planning of Making Linan a Forest City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范义荣; 蒋文伟; 林余益; 徐文辉; 张振峥

    2009-01-01

    Based on the theory of ecological networks of urban forest system and the status of forest resources in mountain areas of Linan city, and considering the development strategy for a modern city, the paper proposes the conception of building harmonious and ecological green city, and specifies the objectives and overall layout of urban forest. Therefore to build a forest city with local cultural characteristics,abundant biodiversity and sustainable development, further to effectively improve the ecological environment in the region, promote social, economic and environmental development in a harmonious way.

  17. 国家城市公园的设计研究——以开远市现代城市规划为例%The Design and Research of National City Park——An Experiment of Modern Kaiyuan City Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    木霁弘; 周平凯

    2011-01-01

    中国的城市建设如何走自己的发展之路?我们的方案是探索一条与过去西方城市发展完全不同的模式:构建国家城市公园。国家城市公园,提供的应该是人与人、人与自然和谐相处的广阔远景,实行乡村城市化、城市田园化、生态与人文多元共存,完善的公共服务体系为每一位居民提供便利。开远因其特殊的自然生态与社会文化,最有可能被打造为国家城市公园。%How can Chinese cities break the dead end of the city destiny?Our plan is to walk our own way by exploring a new mode completely different from western one:the national city park.National city park should provide a broad vision of harmony between man and man, man and nature,the countryside urbanized while the city ruralized.All kinds of ecology and culture co-exist here,forming a perfect public service system for each resident.Kaiyuan city is most likely to be a national city park because of its special natural ecology and social culture.

  18. CITY TRANSITION AND PLANNING OF CHINA IN THE ERA OF A LOW- CARBON ECONOMY%低碳经济时代的中国城市转型特征与规划措施分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘蕾; 朱喜钢; 葛慧玲

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between a low - carbon economy and low - carbon cities based on the experience of developing a low - carbon economy in the foreign countries and on some Chinese scholars' understanding of a low - carbon economy. Then through studying the low - carbon city construction in Japan, UK and Denmark, this paper summarizes these countries' shared experience of city construction in a low - carbon economy, and then analyzes the main features of China' s urban transition in times of a low - carbon economy. At last, this paper discusses solutions for city planning in a low - carbon economy, that is, to highlight the overall planning and to analyze specific planning in depth.%笔者从国外低碳经济发展以及国内一些学者对低碳经济的认识开始,探讨低碳经济与低碳城市之间的关系,并通过对日本、英国、丹麦的低碳城市建设研究总结出低碳经济时代国外城市建设的共同经验,继而分析我国低碳经济时代城市转型的主要特征.笔者最后论述了低碳经济时代城市规划的应对措施:一要突出总体规划,二要深入专项规划.

  19. The Construction of Ideal City and Practical Urban Planning Some Inspirations from the New York City Needs a More Scientific Planning (2007 Version)%建设“理想城市”需要更科学更务实的城市规划 2007版纽约城市规划的经验借鉴及其对我们的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡瀛

    2011-01-01

    The fast urbanization, expanding population and serious resource shortage have brought great challenges to oar living environment. The construction of a sustainable ideal city through space planning has become a hot issue at present. The New York City Plan (2007 Version) played an important role in the successful transformation of urban development. The urban planning experience of New York is encouraging for Guangdong who endeavors to build an Ideal City. We should set the most advanced planning practice as the example and improve our urban planning.%面临城市化进程不断加快、人口持续增长和资源短缺日益严重等一系列严峻挑战,通过空间规划建设可持续发展的"理想城市"已成为当前备受关注的问题。以纽约2007年版城市规划为研究范例,其科学的编制过程、务实的实施措施,在引领城市发展成功转型中起到了重要的作用。纽约规划的经验,对于致力于建设"理想城市"的广东具有十分重要的启示。要以全世界最先进的规划实践为标杆,把不断提高规划的科学性和操作性作为贯穿规划工作始终的最重要环节。

  20. Eco-city Planning System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Ecology is being developed into a comprehensive discipline that studies man and nature, concerning every aspect of human activities. The concept of ecology is first put forward by Ernst Haeckel, the

  1. Hamilton : the electric city

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The City of Hamilton has launched an extensive energy planning exercise that examines the possibility of steep increases in oil and natural gas prices. This report examined and illustrated the issue of oil and gas price points. The report also examined and presented the city's role in an era of energy constraints, focusing on the city's transit system and its vehicle fleet. In addition, in response to City Council's direction, the report presented the aerotropolis proposal and discussed freight transport issues. Specific topics of discussion included oil and natural gas prospects; prospects for high oil and natural gas prices; impacts of fuel price increases; strategic planning objectives for energy constraints; reducing energy use by Hamilton's transport and in buildings; and land-use planning for energy constraints. Energy production opportunities involve the use of solar energy; wind energy; deep lake water cooling (DLWC); hydro-electric power; energy from waste; biogas production; district energy; and local food production. Economic and social development through preparing for energy constraints and matters raised by city council were also presented. The report also demonstrated how an energy-based strategy could be paid for and its components approved. The next steps for Hamilton were also identified. refs., tabs., figs

  2. City PLANTastic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The city is going green. From New York to Copenhagen vegetables are enthusiastically planted on city squares, and buildings are turning green everywhere . The word “plant” is on everyone’s lips, reflecting a growing desire to solve ecological, technical and social challenges in the city. Hovever......, any attempt to create a green city is motivated by certain ecological, political and esthetical perspectives. Therefore the role of plants in tomorrows cities is everything but straightforward. Rather, a broad range of possibilities unfolds. City PLANTastic is the title of the 8th World in Denmark...

  3. CHED Events: Salt Lake City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wink, Donald J.

    2009-03-01

    The Division of Chemical Education (CHED) Committee meetings planned for the Spring 2009 ACS Meeting in Salt Lake City will be in the Marriott City Center Hotel. Check the location of other CHED events, the CHED Social Event, the Undergraduate Program, Sci-Mix, etc. because many will be in the Salt Palace Convention Center.

  4. European Strategies for Smarter Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Alessandra Barresi; Gabriella Pultrone

    2013-01-01

    On a worldwide scale, cities and regions must tackle the challenges set by the radical change in our society and in our economy, aiming to develop effective public policies and boost their managerial, evaluation and planning skills. Anyway, it is essential to put a new idea of city at the centre of the smart strategies in order to bring policies back to their former central position, since technologies alone cannot generate welfare and prosperity. Local leadership, integrated planning and a r...

  5. Potential of the City of Belgrade’s urban areas and establishment of institutional, strategic and planning framework for utilization of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency within the City of Belgrade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lalošević Marija

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the potential of renewable energy sources within the area of City of Belgrade, and explores the possibilities of their further implementation in the field of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency, in line with mandatory EU Directives. A synergetic approach has been proposed in the recommendations for the implementation of goals/targets and policies in the fields of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency in the City of Belgrade. They put an emphasis on the importance of implementation of the strategic documents of the City. Recommendations on have been provided regarding the required institutional preconditions that have to be met in order for these goals to be achieved, as well as urbanistic and building design-related measures/standards in achieving energy efficiency.

  6. City of layers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2007-01-01

    mobility practices are played out in a relational space where the potential for movement is shifted in favour of the elite and the tourists. The Sky Train reconfigures the mobility patterns of the inner city of Bangkok in ways that are more than planning policies to overcome congestion and traffic jams...

  7. Theoretical Significance and Basic Features of Urban Planning in Resources Exhausted Cities%资源枯竭型城市规划的理论意义与基本特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马雪松

    2011-01-01

    通过论述科学、合理、有效的城市规划对资源枯竭型城市转型的重要意义,探究资源枯竭型城市规划的基本特点和主要任务,有助于正确认识资源枯竭型城市规划所面临困境的复杂性,揭示困境发生机制中蕴含的制度性根源,从而为积极推进资源枯竭型城市转型提供必要的基础和保障。%Analyzing scientific, reasonable and effective urban planning make contnounons ro relormuuo of resources exhausted cities, and exploring the basic features and main tasks of urban planning in resources exhausted cities help to reveal institutional sources of difficult position and provide necessary guarantee to reformation of resources exhausted cities.

  8. Beer City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Shandong Province’s Qingdao is becoming China’s great beer city sicenically located on a peninsula over-looking the Pacific Ocean, Qingdao, |or Tsingtao, is a coastal city soaked in two kinds of foam. One floats in

  9. @City: technologising Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Rojas

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is about the concept of the contemporary city - the influence that technology has when one thinks about, plans and lives in a city. The conjunction of  technology and city reformulates customs and social practices; it can even determine the way one constitutes one's own identity. One can see how close the relation is between technology (specifically, TICS and the structures of the city in a wide variety of situations: in social interactions on the street, in transport, and in ways of buying, of working and entertainment. "@City" is a concept that very well reflects  the emergent properties of a current city, that is, the coexistence of a physical and a virtual urban space. The "22@Barcelona" project attempts to bring together different types of spaces. By combining the physical with the virtual, 22@Barcelona, as a neighborhood of @City,  creates an uncertain and blurred border between both spaces.The article also examines the impact that these spaces have on the psycho-social processes involved in the daily life of a traditionally working-class neighborhood, now strongly limited by technological boundaries.

  10. @City: technologising Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rojas, Jesús

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is about the concept of the contemporary city - the influence that technology has when one thinks about, plans and lives in a city. The conjunction of technology and city reformulates customs and social practices; it can even determine the way one constitutes one's own identity. One can see how close the relation is between technology (specifically, TICS and the structures of the city in a wide variety of situations: in social interactions on the street, in transport, and in ways of buying, of working and entertainment. "@City" is a concept that very well reflects the emergent properties of a current city, that is, the coexistence of a physical and a virtual urban space. The "22@Barcelona" project attempts to bring together different types of spaces. By combining the physical with the virtual, 22@Barcelona, as a neighborhood of @City, creates an uncertain and blurred border between both spaces.The article also examines the impact that these spaces have on the psycho-social processes involved in the daily life of a traditionally working-class neighborhood, now strongly limited by technological boundaries.

  11. Ideal Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Meitner, Erika

    2012-01-01

    Erika Meitner discusses her new book: Ideal Cities. This collection of autobiographical narrative and lyric poems explores the relationship between body and place—specifically the pleasures and dangers of women’s corporeal experiences. Ideal Cities is guided by an epigraph from Song of Songs, and the metaphorical idea of bodies as cities, and cities as bodies. How do women’s bodies become sites of inscription via sex, childbirth, and other highly physical acts? These poems also investigate ur...

  12. Sin City?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svarer, Michael; Gautier, Pieter A.; Teulings, Coen n.

    , the ones who stay in the city have significant higher divorce rates. Similarly, for the couples who married outside the city, the ones who move to the city are more likely to divorce. This correlation can be explained by both a causal and a sorting effect. We disentangle them by using the timing...

  13. Urban Growth Areas, City and Village Comprehensive Planning, Published in 2007, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Lafayette County Land Records.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Urban Growth Areas dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2007. It is described as 'City...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Municipal Boundary, Published in 1992, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, LaCrosse County Zoning Planning & Land Information.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1992. It...

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, Municipal Boundary, Published in 1992, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, LaCrosse County Zoning Planning & Land Information.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1992. It...

  16. Citizens’ Participation in Planning Local Self–Government Expenditures on the Example of the Participatory Budget of the City of Torun in 2013 and 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Krzysztof Czarnecki

    2014-01-01

    The idea of so-called participatory budget was brought into effect for the first time twenty five years ago in the Brazilian city of Porto Alegre. In the short time participatory budget gained a great popularity, spreading to the entire country, and then to other South-American states. About 2000 many cities all over the world made attempts to implement participatory budgets. Members of local communities usually are enthusiastic, as participatory budget empowers them to decide on part of expe...

  17. 乐山城市色彩与城市形象的构建经营%Study on Planning of Leshan Urban Color and City Image

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨芒

    2011-01-01

    对乐山城市色彩现状进行调研,分析了乐山城市色彩主要构成元素,结合乐山地质构成、气候条件、生态环境、传统建筑等因素的色彩规律,确定了乐山城市主体色彩,并在此基础上,以其他城市色彩为例,结合乐山山水旅游城市的特点,对乐山城市生态色彩打造提出建议,丰富乐山的旅游资源,同时对乐山城市色彩创建过程中出现的问题进行了关注。%It researched the color status of Leshan city, and analysed the main components of the color elements in this city and formed the main color of this city from the color rules about the geological formation, climatic conditions, ecological environment, and traditional architecture. On this basis, it made great recommendations to the ecological color of Leshan and paid attention to the problem about enriching the tourism resources and creation the city color according to other city color and the characteristics of landscape tourism city.

  18. Construction of Network City by Linear Spaces:Taking the Concept Planning of Yuxi Old City Central as an Example%线性空间构建网络城市--以玉溪老城中心区概念规划为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李璐

    2015-01-01

    This study areas is located in the center of Yuxi old city in Yunnan, which is facing contradiction of traditional business recession and business district promotion in urbanization process. By introducing the concept of network city, the city concept planning extends the original centralized arrangement business district to a continuous business network and designs an open green space through the entire block,which makes the preserved historical buildings fused in a green space network. The planning aims to maintain and develop the original economic and cultural atmosphere in this area by various land use methods.%云南玉溪市老城中心面临着传统商业衰退以及城市化进程中对中心商业区升级的矛盾,通过引入城市网络的概念,将原本集中布置的商业区延展为一个连续的商业网络,并设计穿越整个地块的开放绿地空间,将保留的历史建筑融合在绿地网络之中,以此保持和发展该地区原有的文化和经济氛围,并形成多元化的土地利用方式。

  19. Malmo: A city in transition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anderson, Tessa Kate

    2014-01-01

    . From 1840 to the mid-1970s, Malmo’s growth continued to flourish. Like many Swedish cities, the manufacturing recession of the mid-1970s bought unemployment and population decline. Malmo transitioned from a manufacturing hub into a knowledge city with a strong focus on sustainable planning. Malmo has...... become a multicultural city with vibrant neighbourhoods and successful new developments such as the Western Harbour. The Øresund bridge has increased its linkages with Denmark and Europe providing easy access for employment and residential opportunities. The success of the city will be measured in its...

  20. 试论新疆小城市(镇)规划之绿地布局%Study on Green Space System Distribution for Small City Urban Planning in Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王策

    2001-01-01

    The author raise the city ecological environment placement to follow the special geography and natural “ green belt” in urban planning of Xinjiang Autonomous Region. To increase the standard of constructing the urban green system and green are also discussed.%在城市规划如何结合新疆地区特定地理条件和自然“绿脉”,引导城市生态景观环境布局;提出加大新疆小城市(镇)绿脉系统建设和绿地标准。

  1. Sustainability in South Asian city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghulam Akhmat

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available City brings about the most complex interplay of social, cultural, and political dimensions of space. It will have to accommodate around one billion humans only in South Asia by the year 2030. Therefore it needs to be prepared to absorb huge increases in urban population and resulting pressure on basic infrastructure and livelihood opportunities. In order to secure a better future and to improve the quality of life of all the citizens, city needs to be reinvented, by incorporating creativity and innovation with the approaches, we use in its planning. Here we present an overview of the progress, challenges and some key interventions to reinvent the city in South Asian region as well as in the developing world, with the examples of the most populous countries in the region: India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Planning transforms geometric space in city into lived space. City planning in South Asia is as old as the human settlement itself, but the current situation is well below the level to be admired. Most of the city plans have been faulty with poor economic base and implementability, and fostered unintended city within the city, whose growth rate shadows the growth rate of the city itself. City in the developing world desperately needs to follow a sustainable development pattern which satisfies the requirement for equity; meets basic human needs; allows social and ethnic self-determination; promotes environmental awareness, integrity and inter-linkages between various living beings across time and space. It requires a combination of strategic policy making, supported by a system that combines personal opinion with scientific knowledge. It needs to reset the basis for the articulation of the initiatives of all relevant stakeholders to seek synergies for its development.

  2. Planejamento de informações públicas municipais: sistemas de informação e de conhecimento, informática e governo eletrônico integrados aos planejamentos das prefeituras e municípios Planning municipal public information: information and knowledge systems, IT and electronic government integrated to city government and municipal planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Alcides Rezende

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Os constantes desafios sociais, financeiros e políticos nos municípios têm exigido dos seus gestores uma atuação mais competente para propiciar qualidade de vida adequada aos seus munícipes. Com a participação da comunidade, os planejamentos municipais e as informações sistematizadas podem facilitar a gestão das prefeituras e dos municípios. Este artigo descreve as fases, subfases e produtos de uma metodologia para planejamento de informação, conhecimento e informática nas prefeituras e municípios. A metodologia propõe nove fases, leva em conta os preceitos do empreendedorismo e pressupõe a necessidade da integração com os planejamentos municipais. A metodologia de pesquisa constitui uma abordagem de natureza aplicada numa realidade circunstancial, com ênfase no método indutivo favorecido pelas experiências vivenciadas do autor pesquisador. As contribuições estão direcionadas às prefeituras, aos municípios e aos munícipes que por meio de informações podem cooperar nos fatores competitivos entre as cidades, na forma de gestão da prefeitura e no aumento da qualidade de vida dos cidadãos. A conclusão reitera a importância da participação dos munícipes na gestão municipal e na condução cotidiana dos municípios.The constant social, financial, and political challenges in municipalities have required from their managers a more competent action in order to offer an adequate life standard to their citizens. With the participation of the community, municipal planning and systematized information can help the management of city governments and municipalities. This article describes the phases, sub-phases and products of a method for information, knowledge and IT planning in city governments and municipalities. The method proposes nine phases, considers the precepts of entrepreneurship, and presupposes the need for integration with municipal planning. The research methodology consists of an applied approach in a

  3. Suggestions of Urban Planning of Jinzhong Ecological Livable City%关于晋中生态宜居城市的规划建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟竹英

    2011-01-01

    Based on standard and connotation of modem ecological livable city, the author analyzed conditions and challenges of developing ecological livable city in Jinzhong. Aiming at how to realize ecological livable city, the author put forward suggestions of "Implementing 3 strategies, optimization 3 layout and improving 5 engineering".%在明确了现代宣居生态城市的标准和内涵的基础上。分析了晋中市发展生态宜居城市具有的条件和面对的挑战。如何趋利避害,更好地实现晋中市向现代宜居生态市转变,提出了“实施三大战略、优化三大布局、推进五大工程”的政策建议。

  4. 湖南省长沙市博林金谷小区建筑设计与规划%On design and planning for architectural design of Bolinjingu complex in Changsha city of Hunan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨帆

    2015-01-01

    以湖南省长沙市柏林金谷小区的建筑设计和规划为研究内容,提出了“人文与自然和谐相处”的设计理念,对小区中的规划布局、道路系统、绿化景观系统、建筑设计进行了详细的说明,以供参考和借鉴。%Based on the architectural design and planning for Bolinjingu complex in Changsha city of Hunan province,the paper points out the design idea of the harmonious relationship between humankind and nature,and indicates the planning layout,road system,reforestation land-scape system,and architectural design,so as to provide some reference.

  5. Sustainable energy use i Swedish city planning. From visions to evaluation of Hammarby Sjoestad and Vaestra Hamnen; Haallbar energianvaendning i svensk stadsplanering. Fraan visioner till uppfoeljning av Hammarby Sjoestad och Vaestra Hamnen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Green, Anna

    2006-02-15

    In this thesis I examine how issues regarding sustainable energy use are handled in the development of two city districts in two of Sweden's largest cities: Hammarby Sjoestad in Stockholm and Vaestra Hamnen in Malmoe. The political goal was to build apartments with renewable energy supply and restricted energy use. The planning processes are analyzed from plans and visions to the evaluation phase. Both areas were meant to be outstanding examples of ecological housing development. The documentation pertaining to the objectives in both projects states that, firstly, new technology will contribute to the realisation of the goals, and, secondly, that the residents' way of living will be decisive for whether the energy objectives are reached or not. The planning of Hammarby Sjoestad village was executed by the public administration of Stockholm City, and the planning of Vaestra Hamnen was carried out in cooperation with the Bo01-organisation. Deregulations took place in many areas in Sweden in the 1990s, for example subsidies for housing development decreased and the market for electricity was deregulated. This led to the involvement of privately owned building-proprietors and energy companies in the projects. These actors partly had other interests than the politicians in that the private companies wanted to use time tested technology with new technology mainly as a 'showcase'. The planning in Stockholm was characterized by objective oriented steering while the project in Malmoe was characterized by consultations with the goal of reaching consensus in questions concerning the goals and design of the project's energy solutions. In both these areas the solutions for energy supply became large-scale. This thesis shows that the organization of the planning- and building processes and the extra subsidies from the government to environmentally friendly solutions affected the results. One conclusion is that when the building proprietors were not

  6. 城区抗战遗址景区交通组织规划研究--以重庆汉阳兵工厂(抗战生产洞)遗址为例%Research on Transportation Planning of War Ruins Scenic Located in the City -Take Hanyang Arsenal of Chongqing (War Production Cave) Site as Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩玲; 钟超男; 陈霞

    2015-01-01

    The research aims to provide key points of planning of city tourism transportation planning , coordination relationship between tourism traffic and city traffic ,fully integrated use of city and scenic road traffic resources ,building traffic system and city tourism traffic coordination .Taking Chongqing city Hanyang Arsenal (the production of cave ) site traffic organization planning as an example ,from the current situation of the traffic problems ,based on the passenger volume forecasting of traffic demand ,road network planning ,public transportation ,pedestrian system planning ,parking system planning and traffic organization of several aspects ,and puts forward the planning ideas and the main research contents for the city traffic organization planning .%旨在为城市旅游交通提供规划要点,梳理旅游交通和城市交通的协调关系,充分整合利用城市与景区道路交通资源,构建旅游和城市交通相互协调的交通系统。以重庆市汉阳兵工厂(抗战生产洞)旧址交通组织规划为例,从交通现状存在的问题入手,对基于旅客容量的交通需求预测、道路网规划、公共交通规划、人行系统规划、停车系统规划和交通组织几个方面进行深入研究、梳理,为城市景区交通组织规划提出思路。

  7. 节能环保与生态宜居城市规划设计探索%Exploring the Planning and Design of Environmental Care and Ecological Livable City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪增峰

    2013-01-01

    The ecological livable city is the pursuit of a bet er living environment since ancient times. However, with the de-velopment of the city, people have to face the increasing pres-sure on the environment. This article starts from the theory and bases on a successful design case to explore an ef ective way of combining the energy conservation and environmental prot-ection with the planning and design of ecological livable city.%  生态宜居城市是自古以来人们对居住环境的美好追求。然而随着城市的发展,人们不得不面对日益增加的环境压力。本文从理论出发,结合某成功设计案例,探讨了节能环保与生态宜居城市规划设计相结合的有效途径。

  8. Tourism and City. Reflections about Tourist Dimension of Smart City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Anna La Rocca

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The city of the future seems to be necessarily “intelligent” both in its physical and in functional features.This paper starts from the consideration that the diffusion of new communication technologies (ICTs is significantly changing the urban supply system of tourist services giving rise to new ways of enjoying the city.As tourism can be assumed as an urban activity, by a town planning point of view, the study of tourism is meaningful to identify development trajectories of the present cities targeted to sustainable and smarter models.As a matter of fact, almost all the projects to get a “smart city” are based on the idea of joining the potentialities of ICTs and the needs of urban management through people living or using the city.In such a vision, “tourist dimension” of the city becomes fundamental in promoting urban image as well as in improving efficiency of the city. This efficiency also depends on the capability of each city to share historical and cultural heritage as “common good”.As tourist demand has deeply changed also driven by technological development, this paper tries to investigate how the urban supply will change in order to meet the rising demand of quality and efficiency. The transition to smart tourist destination currently seems to be strongly connected with the number and the variety of apps to improve the “experiential component”. A lack of interest there seems to be in finding strategies and policies oriented to plan the urban supply of services tourist or not.This consideration, if shared, opens up new perspectives for research and experimentation in which city planning could have a key-role also in proposing an holistic approach to city development towards smart city.

  9. Citizens’ Participation in Planning Local Self–Government Expenditures on the Example of the Participatory Budget of the City of Torun in 2013 and 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Czarnecki

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The idea of so-called participatory budget was brought into effect for the first time twenty five years ago in the Brazilian city of Porto Alegre. In the short time participatory budget gained a great popularity, spreading to the entire country, and then to other South-American states. About 2000 many cities all over the world made attempts to implement participatory budgets. Members of local communities usually are enthusiastic, as participatory budget empowers them to decide on part of expenditures of local self-governments. Participatory budget creates alternative way of spending public funds. In Poland, the first city that decided to implement participatory budget was Sopot (2011. At present participatory budget is functioning in several dozen Polish local self-government units. In the article author tries to explain role and position of participatory budget according to the Act on Local Self-Government (1991. The structure and procedure concerning participatory budget is described on the example of the city of Torun (2013–2014.

  10. Analysis Of The Application Of Big Data And Smart City Technology In Urban Planning%大数据和智慧城市技术在城乡规划中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵亚飞

    2016-01-01

    传统的城乡规划在经历不同阶段发展之后,迎来了以大数据和智慧城市为技术手段的新时期。大数据和智慧城市技术在城乡规划领域逐渐得到认可,并在近几年被广泛研究和应用。本文将浅析大数据和智慧城市技术在城乡规划中的应用,探寻新兴技术和概念如何协调和配合传统政策,从而辅助提出传统城乡区域解决问题的新的解决方案。文章的创新点在于,将大数据和智慧城市技术综合考虑分析,相互协同,统筹数据分析和利用资源,用信息时代的方法为城市空间和基础设施的发展提供参考。%The traditional urban planning is now changing into a new age of big data and smart city technologies after different periods of development. The big data and smart city technologies is more and more accepted in the field of urban planning, and has been widely applied into practice these years. This article wil analyze the application of big data and smart city technologies in urban planning, and explore how the new technologies coordinate with the traditional policy in order to generate a solution for traditional and rural areas. The innovation point of this article is to analyze big data and smart city technologies together to cooperate and use resources, also provide the reference for the development of urban space and infrastructure.

  11. Discrimination on the Concept of Historic City in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jinghui; LI Caige

    2012-01-01

    In 1982,the State Council announced a list of historic cities in China,aiming to set up a conservation measure to conserve the cultural heritages from the perspective of a city.The historic city is a concept in relation to urban administrative governance.Its conservation scope and specific contents should be defined in conservation planning.Since the conservation planning of historic city is a part of the city master planning,its planning area should be the same as that in the master planning,with focus on the central urban area.The conservation planning of a historic city should define its objects in view of the interconnection between city history and culture and thus specify its conservation scope and contents accordingly.

  12. 周口市朱集村特色生态农庄规划探析%Analysis on Planning of Characteristic Ecological Farm in Zhuji Village of Zhoukou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖鸿燚

    2011-01-01

    Taking the practice of the plan of characteristic ecological farm b Zhuji Village of Zhoukou City as research object, and based on project planning and designing, planning principles, function area, key project planning and so on, the ideas and methods as well as the development of the characteristic; ecological farm were expounded, and it provided reference for the development of agricultural farm in the east regions in Henan Province.%以河南省周口市朱集村特色生态农庄的规划设计实践为对象,从项目定位、规划原则、空间布局以及重点项目的策划等方面入手,详细分析了朱集村特色生态农庄规划的理念、方法以及开发建设的思路,为中原地区尤其是豫东地区类似农业庄园的发展提供了借鉴和参考.

  13. Research on Evaluatin System and Planning Strategy of Livable City:A Case Study of Jiangyin%宜居城市评价体系及规划对策研究--以江阴为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊国平; 龙迪; 汪运志

    2014-01-01

    Through aranging the theories of basic intension and valuation index of livable city and summarizing the practice experience on livable city home and abroad, this paper takes Jiangyin as a case study, which pointing at the problems and demands at present situation, sets up the analytic indexes of livable city, confirms the weight of analytic evaluation indexes and evaluates the livable level of Jiangyin. Through this procedure, the paper proposes livable city planning strategies which including to improve ecological green network, develop public and slow transportation oriented trafic system, make characteristic urban area for culture continuity, build exquisite town with unique feature and construct beautiful countryside ect.%通过梳理国内外宜居城市基本内涵与评价指标理论,总结国内外宜居城市建设经验,以江阴为例,针对问题,结合需求,确定宜居城市评价因子,并对评价体系权重确值,评估江阴城市宜居水平,提出完善生态绿网、构建公交和慢行优先的交通体系、传承文化打造特色城区、营造一镇一品的精致城镇和建设美丽乡村等宜居城市规划对策。

  14. 缓解山地城市热岛效应规划措施探讨%Analysis of Planning Measures of Mountain City to Reduce Urban Heat Island

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈昌鸣

    2014-01-01

    指出了全球变暖和热岛效应对人类生活环境所带来的危害日趋严重,从城市规划这个源头采取措施缓解城市热岛显得尤为重要。山地城市热岛效应因地形因素与平原城市有较大差异,针对山地城市的特殊情况,对山地城市热岛产生的原因进行了分析。从城市空间结构、能源、绿地系统、道路交通等方面探讨了缓解山地城市热岛效应的规划措施,为山地城市设计和发展提供参考。%Nowadays ,it is a great challenge for the human society when the global warming and heat island effect become seriously .The heat island effect of the mountainous city is different from that of the plain city .Considering the special situation of the mountain city ,this article analyzes its reasons causing the heat island effect ,and discusses the planning measures for rerducing the heat island effect from the aspects of urban space structures ,energy usage , green system ,communication system and so on ,in order to provide references for the design and development of the mountain city .

  15. Gods of the City? Reflecting on City Building Games as an Early Introduction to Urban Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bereitschaft, Bradley

    2016-01-01

    For millions of gamers and students alike, city building games (CBGs) like SimCity and the more recent Cities: Skylines present a compelling initial introduction to the world of urban planning and development. As such, these games have great potential to shape players' understanding and expectations of real urban patterns and processes. In this…

  16. Land-use planning for both city and countryside in Shanghai%土地利用规划既要“进好城”又要“下好乡”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石忆邵

    2015-01-01

    Based on the actual situation in Shanghai, this study discusses the objective necessity of land-use planning for both city and countryside, and puts forward new tasks for land-use planning against the background of new urbanization. The author argues that land-use planning of Shanghai’s central city remains indispensable, while land-use planning of Shanghai’s outskirts needs further deepening and reifning. Currently, the main tasks are as follows: (1) to maintain and expand the ecological space network system and to enhance the level of economical and intensive land utilization continuously; (2) to advance in-depth interactive coordination between industrial development and urban construction and to speed up the construction of the urban–agricultural complex city; and (3) to expand public space persistently in the spatial reconstruction of urban and rural areas.%针对上海的实际情况,讨论了土地利用规划既要“进城”又要“下乡”的客观必要性,提出了新型城镇化背景下土地利用规划的新课题。本文认为:上海中心城区的土地利用规划依然必不可少,郊区的土地利用规划有待进一步深化和细化;当前的主要任务是:一要在维护和拓展生态空间网络体系的同时,不断提升土地节约集约利用水平;二要在深度推进产城融合发展进程中,加快建设都农融合城市;三要在城乡空间重构中,持续拓展公共空间。

  17. New city spaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gehl, Jan; Gemzøe, Lars

    2001-01-01

    2. rev. udg. engelsk udgave af 'Nye byrum'. This book presents an overview of the developments in the use and planning of public spaces, and offers a detailed description of 9 cities with interesting public space strategies: Barcelona, Lyon, Strasbourg, Freiburg and Copenhagen in Europe, Portland...... in North America, Curitiba and Cordoba in South America and Melbourne in Australia. It also portrays 39 selected public space projects from all parts of the World. The strategies and projects are extensively illustrated by drawings, plans and photographs....

  18. SIGNIFICATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS GENERATED BY THE IRRIGATION DITCHES COIS, PULEN AND YORTUQUE OF CHICLAYO'S CITY PERU: PROPOSAL OF A MITIGATION PLAN

    OpenAIRE

    Romero, Blanca

    2011-01-01

    Water bodies near urban areas can suffer a steady deterioration by anthropogenic activities that impact the environment. The present research aims to identify and assess the impacts generated by the irrigation ditches Cois, Pulen and Yortuque of Chiclayo's city, Lambayeque, Peru in which were established 12 sampling stations during the months of January to August 2009. The water quality of the irrigation ditches was determined by the standard methods of the APHA-AWWAWPCF. Air qual...

  19. New Cities In Urban And Regional Development Planning Oyesiku K; Lagos, Nigeria. Longman (2010 Pp 353. Isbn 978 978 026 3577 (Paper Back Includes Index, Photos, Notes, Tables And Figures, Appendix And References. Price N1,500.00. Approx. $10.00.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Olaitan Lawal

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available For a long time, cities have been regarded as the main source of economic growth and development. However, increased size and density of cities have generated high land costs, rent and transport cost, congestion and pollution, and increased social disorganization. The condition is even worse in developing countries – urban migration, over-utilization of housing and infrastructure, persistent slums, and squatter settlements. This books represents a comparative study between the USA and Nigeria related to characteristics of the cities in both countries. This book tries to address the question “How has the United States of America and Nigeria have been able to address the problems of ‘swollen’ cities and metropolitan growth?”. Outcome of several planned new communities and cities in both countries is of paramount importance to the contribution of knowledge on physical planning approaches globally. The most significant discussion are shown in the final chapter, by giving examples of policy implications and comments on new cities in national and regional development as well as urban and regional development and planning strategy in the global context.

  20. Baotou Becomes Pilot City for Transition & Upgrading of the National Rare Earth Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Ministry of Finance recently approved transition&upgrading; pilot plan for Baotou City rare earth industry,Baotou City has been identified as pilot city for

  1. Development of suburb farm landscape in the process of urban-rural overall planning from the perspective of ecological economics: a case study of Chengdu City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Dan; Wang Xiaohong

    2009-01-01

    With the accelerating development of Chinese urbanization and the widening gap between rural and urban areas, urban-rural overall planning is to be an inevitable choice for economic and social development.However, the specific patterns and methods in urban-rural overall planning are greatly different.From the persperctive of ecological economy, taking the main physical and biological pattern of the farmland as research objects, this paper analyzes the components and characteristics of farm landscape, the relationship between farm landscape exploitation and rural tourism, and the role of farm landscape exploitation in planning urban and rural development.It expatiates on the pattern, method and principle of farm landscape development.Furthermore, based on the actual development case, this paper explores how to make high-grade tourism products with scientific and reasonable farm landscape development method, how to increase peasant income, how to improve urban and rural ecological economic environment, so as to promote urban-rural overall planning.

  2. Birmingham Mayor Larry Langford has a good plan to help restore and protect rare fish population at city-owned pond drained by mistake

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Newspaper article highlighting a restoration plan by Birmingham Mayor Larry Langford after a significant fish kill in Roebuck Spring pond in 2008.

  3. KUNMING: The City of Spring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Kunming is the political, economic and cultural center of Yunnan province and the most popular center for tourism in Southwest China. Kunming enjoys a pleasant climate and does its best to live up to its title of "the City of Spring". Whenever you are planning to go, the temperature is always pleasant. With its convenient transport links in and out of the city, Kunming welcomes tens of thousands of tourists every day.

  4. The Chinese Future Eco-city : A SpecializedAnalysis of Caofeidian International Eco-city

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Yue

    2010-01-01

    Over the next decades, China will face various thorny issues caused by the fasturbanization progress. Therefore, Caofeidian eco-city, being the most prominenteco-city project in China, is currently in the course of planning and construction,thereby providing a sound model for future urban development. The master plan of 30square kilometers area and current situation is fully analyzed by the PEBOSCAinterdisciplinary framework based on the UN Habitat agenda. To better realize theeco-city in a C...

  5. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herbelin, Bruno; Lasserre, Sebastien; Ciger, Jan

    2008-01-01

    Flying Cities is an artistic installation which generates imaginary cities from the speech of its visitors. Thanks to an original interactive process analyzing people's vocal input to create 3D graphics, a tangible correspondence between speech and visuals opens new possibilities of interaction....... This cross-modal interaction not only supports our artistic messages, but also aims at providing anyone with a pleasant and stimulating feedback from her/his speech activity. As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective is now to cross the bridge between art...

  6. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ciger, Jan

    2006-01-01

    The Flying Cities artistic installation brings to life imaginary cities made from the speech input of visitors. In this article we describe the original interactive process generating real time 3D graphics from spectators' vocal inputs. This example of cross-modal interaction has the nice property....... As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective now is to cross the bridge between art and the potential applications to the rehabilitation of people with reduced mobility or for the treatment of language impairments....

  7. The Emergence of City Logistics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammelgaard, Britta

    2015-01-01

    is therefore to increase understanding of how city logistics emerge, and secondarily, to investigate whether such processes can be managed at all. Design/methodology/approach: – A paradigm shift in urban planning creates new ways of involving stakeholders in new sustainability measures such as city logistics....... Organizational change theory is applied to capture the social processes leading to emergence of city logistics. The methodology is a qualitative processual analysis of a single longitudinal case. Findings: – The change process took different forms over time. At the time of concluding the analysis, positive...... sustainability schemes take many forms, and city logistics is but one such form. Furthermore, the methodology of a single context specific case study does not make prediction possible. Practical implications: – Fewer city logistics projects may fail due to stakeholder participation. Social implications: – Fewer...

  8. 北美城市规划决策对我国城市建设的启示——以加拿大城市和土地使用规划决策听证为视角%Enlightenment of City Planning Decision Making in North America to the Construction of Chinese Cities:From Perspective of Decision-Making Hearing over City and Land Use Planning in Canada

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓玲; 史海涛

    2011-01-01

    City planning and management in foreign countries tend to pay more attention to social involvement and participation of all the people and the carrying out of the plan is supervised by all the people,which is guaranteed by legislation and the establishment of supervisory institutions.In Canada,public involvement in administrative decision-making hearing is widely applied in public management affairs so as to obtain information from experts and the public.This practice is by all means a great enlightenment to the city and land use planning in China.Although it is impossible for China to follow all the ways taken by legally well-developed countries,it is very necessary for us to increase legislative stipulations and management measures to guarantee public rights.%国外城市规划管理一般都比较注重社会参与和全民参与,并通过立法和机构设置保障全民监督的实施。加拿大行政决策公众参与听证被广泛用于公共管理事务以获取来自专家和公众的信息,对我国城市和土地使用规划不无启示。我国不可能完全模仿法制成熟国家的做法,但增加一些公众权利保障的立法规定和管理措施是非常必要的。

  9. Smart cities of the future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batty, M.; Axhausen, K. W.; Giannotti, F.; Pozdnoukhov, A.; Bazzani, A.; Wachowicz, M.; Ouzounis, G.; Portugali, Y.

    2012-11-01

    Here we sketch the rudiments of what constitutes a smart city which we define as a city in which ICT is merged with traditional infrastructures, coordinated and integrated using new digital technologies. We first sketch our vision defining seven goals which concern: developing a new understanding of urban problems; effective and feasible ways to coordinate urban technologies; models and methods for using urban data across spatial and temporal scales; developing new technologies for communication and dissemination; developing new forms of urban governance and organisation; defining critical problems relating to cities, transport, and energy; and identifying risk, uncertainty, and hazards in the smart city. To this, we add six research challenges: to relate the infrastructure of smart cities to their operational functioning and planning through management, control and optimisation; to explore the notion of the city as a laboratory for innovation; to provide portfolios of urban simulation which inform future designs; to develop technologies that ensure equity, fairness and realise a better quality of city life; to develop technologies that ensure informed participation and create shared knowledge for democratic city governance; and to ensure greater and more effective mobility and access to opportunities for urban populations. We begin by defining the state of the art, explaining the science of smart cities. We define six scenarios based on new cities badging themselves as smart, older cities regenerating themselves as smart, the development of science parks, tech cities, and technopoles focused on high technologies, the development of urban services using contemporary ICT, the use of ICT to develop new urban intelligence functions, and the development of online and mobile forms of participation. Seven project areas are then proposed: Integrated Databases for the Smart City, Sensing, Networking and the Impact of New Social Media, Modelling Network Performance

  10. Exploring the Electronic Government Affairs System Construction:Approval of Planning Online by Zengcheng City%浅述电子政务系统建设——以增城市“规划在线”为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单湛波; 何伟豪

    2012-01-01

    To promote the informatization construction of city planning development idea and the construction of urban rural and urban planning management information platform for the general goal of innovation system, under the guidance of GIS technology, the relationship between the database technology, computer and network technology, information technology into the planning management aims to set up an Internet based realize electronic approval, the information by network platform.%在以信息化建设推动城市规划发展的理念和建设增城市城乡规划管理信息化平台创新体系的总体目标指导下,将GIS技术、关系数据库技术、计算机及网络技术等信息技术引入规划管理,旨在建立一个基于互联网的实现电子报批、信息发布等的网络工作平台.

  11. 宁波市五龙潭旅游区游览系统规划设计研究%Research on the Tour System Planning and Design of Ningbo City Five Longtan Tourist Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪治中

    2013-01-01

    The Five Longtan Tourism District of Ningbo city is an important type of mountain scenic tourist spots, planning and construction of the facilities for tourist area landscape, to-uring, ecological protection is important. Based on the domes-tic and foreign successful experiences in the planning and con-struction of the scenic areas of tourism facilities, this paper m-akes scientific planning of tourism facilities development, imp-roving tourism facilities system, to make ful use of tourism re-sources and promote the further development of tourism area.%五龙潭旅游区是宁波市重要的山地型风景旅游景点,其游览设施的规划建设对于旅游区的景观、游览、生态保护等方面均具有重要的意义。本文借鉴国内外景区游览设施规划建设的成功经验,对旅游区游览设施开发进行科学规划,提升旅游区游览设施系统,促进旅游区资源的充分利用与旅游活动的深度拓展。

  12. City Streets

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This data set contains roadway centerlines for city streets found on the USGS 1:24,000 mapping series. In some areas, these roadways are current through the 2000...

  13. Definition of Smart Energy City and State of the art of 6 Transform cities using Key Performance Indicators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Per Sieverts; Ben Amer, Sara; Halsnæs, Kirsten

    2013-01-01

    will draw largely on existing Strategic Energy Action Plans, Climate Action Plans and planning documents. This report establishes a definition of smart cities develops Key Elements, Key Performance Indicators and reports on the state of the art regarding the KPIs for the 6 Transform cities. As specified...... this relates to where the current cities and the living labs are. It describes at the same time the current status of city planning, energy planning tools, and existing energy data. The outline should also include information on energy production, energy flows and energy efficiency, where possible. The work...... in the Transform proposal, the objective of the evaluation is to identify previous and existing initiatives as a sort of stocktaking on the way to establishing a smart city transformation pathway for each of the participating cities in the Transform project. The definition of a smart energy city and the key...

  14. Beautiful city

    OpenAIRE

    Gerald A. Carlino

    2009-01-01

    Proponents of the City Beautiful movement advocated for sizable public investments in monumental spaces, street beautification, and classical architecture. Today, economists and policymakers see the provision of consumer leisure amenities as a way to attract people and jobs to cities. But past studies have provided only indirect evidence of the importance of leisure amenities for urban growth and development. In this article, Jerry Carlino uses a new data set on the number of leisure tourist ...

  15. City Beautiful

    OpenAIRE

    Gerald A. Carlino; Saiz, Albert

    2008-01-01

    The City Beautiful movement, which in the early 20th century advocated city beautification as a way to improve the living conditions and civic virtues of the urban dweller, had languished by the Great Depression. Today, new urban economic theorists and policymakers are coming to see the provision of consumer leisure amenities as a way to attract population, especially the highly skilled and their employers. However, past studies have provided only indirect evidence of the importance of leisur...

  16. 中山市城区避震疏散场所规划%Planning of Emergency Shelter for Earthquake Disasters in City Zone of Zhongshan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小芳

    2012-01-01

    Strong earthquake experiences suggest that the casualties caused by earthquake may be greatly reduced if people can be evacuated speedily to some duly safe zones, when earthquake occurs. Today earthquakes frequently take place and people concentrate more and more in city, so emergency shelters for earthquake disasters ought to be beforehand built in every city to cope with earthquake coming. Through analyzing the geologic structure, site condition, the number of people to be placed with street as a unit, doctor rescue places, flammable or prone to burst places, etc. the emergency shelters for earthquake disasters are planed in city zone of Zhongshan. The shelters are on the safe side and with reasonable layout. They can satisfy the needs of emergency decentralization in city zone of Zhongshan.%当地震来临时,快速及时地将人员疏散到安全地带,能大大减少人员伤亡.因此,在地震频发、城市人口不断集中的今天,各城市应事先建设好避震疏散场所.通过对影响避震疏散场所选择的中山市城区地质构造背景与场地条件、以区为单位需安置人口数量、医疗救护点、易燃易爆危险源、避震疏散通道分布等要素的分析,并在野外勘查的基础上,参照关于建设避震疏散场所的规范和标准,对中山市城区避震疏散场所进行了规划.所规划的避震疏散场所安全可靠、布局合理,能够满足中山市城区的应急疏散需要.

  17. CityGML - Interoperable semantic 3D city models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gröger, Gerhard; Plümer, Lutz

    2012-07-01

    CityGML is the international standard of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) for the representation and exchange of 3D city models. It defines the three-dimensional geometry, topology, semantics and appearance of the most relevant topographic objects in urban or regional contexts. These definitions are provided in different, well-defined Levels-of-Detail (multiresolution model). The focus of CityGML is on the semantical aspects of 3D city models, its structures, taxonomies and aggregations, allowing users to employ virtual 3D city models for advanced analysis and visualization tasks in a variety of application domains such as urban planning, indoor/outdoor pedestrian navigation, environmental simulations, cultural heritage, or facility management. This is in contrast to purely geometrical/graphical models such as KML, VRML, or X3D, which do not provide sufficient semantics. CityGML is based on the Geography Markup Language (GML), which provides a standardized geometry model. Due to this model and its well-defined semantics and structures, CityGML facilitates interoperable data exchange in the context of geo web services and spatial data infrastructures. Since its standardization in 2008, CityGML has become used on a worldwide scale: tools from notable companies in the geospatial field provide CityGML interfaces. Many applications and projects use this standard. CityGML is also having a strong impact on science: numerous approaches use CityGML, particularly its semantics, for disaster management, emergency responses, or energy-related applications as well as for visualizations, or they contribute to CityGML, improving its consistency and validity, or use CityGML, particularly its different Levels-of-Detail, as a source or target for generalizations. This paper gives an overview of CityGML, its underlying concepts, its Levels-of-Detail, how to extend it, its applications, its likely future development, and the role it plays in scientific research. Furthermore, its

  18. Planning of Communities Gardens in Morden Cities%浅谈现代城市居住区园林规划设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亚; 王钟; 芮红; 方伟讯

    2011-01-01

    园林规划设计是根据经济条件和艺术法则的指导,将待建园林的目的实现于图纸的创作过程。现就工作中所取得的经验进行综述,包括园林规划设计的原则、园林景观的功能以及园林建设中的不足,为居住区园林规划设计提供理论基础。%Gardens planning is a creative process of changing gardens into chart according to guidance of econo my condition and art rule. The regularity, function and disadvantage of gardens planning were reviewed to pro vide the theoretical basis for communities gardens planning.

  19. Urban Tourism Transportation Planning based on Low-carbon Model:Taking Penglai City as An Example%低碳型城市旅游交通规划探析——以蓬莱市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹鸿雁

    2011-01-01

    随着许多城市旅游产业的发展,游客数量的增长,城市道路交通问题日益严重,道路交通设施的建设往往与城市旅游资源的保护发生矛盾.城市旅游交通低碳化转型将成为实现城市旅游业健康发展的关键,如何在城市交通中落实低碳化理念,如何引导城市旅游交通向绿色环保交通转变,是旅游交通规划必须面对的问题.结合蓬莱市城市旅游交通规划的实践,提出了适应低碳交通发展的规划策略框架,探索一条适应低碳经济时代的旅游交通发展的新道路,为低碳交通的构建提供实践经验.%With the development of the tourism industry in many cities .urban traffic problems became serious. The construction of transport facilities often conflict with the protection of tourism resources. City tourism traffic to achieve low-carbon development will be key to the healthy development of urban tourism. How to guide urban green tourism traffic to face the change in traffic is the problem that tourism transportation planning must be addressed. This paper proposes a low-carbon transport strategy to explore a new development of tourist transport in low-carbon economy taking Penglai city as an example . It provides experience for the construction of low-carbon transportation.

  20. 基于可持续发展的节约型城市规划设计%The Economical City Planning and Design on the Basis of Sustainable Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王先成

    2014-01-01

    As for Chinese resource shortage phenomenon, building conservation minded cities are Chinese current ine-vitable trends, which are important ways of promoting the implementation of sustainable development goals. From the perspective of sustainable development, this article discusses the planning and design of urban energy-saving ideas and strategies.%对于我国资源紧缺的现象,建设节约型城市是我国当前的必然趋势,是贯彻落实可持续发展目标的重要途径。本文从可持续发展的角度出发,探讨了规划设计节约型城市的思路和策略。

  1. The Planning Strategy of Livable City and the Construction of Better Homeland%宜居城市、美好家园建设的规划策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王卅

    2013-01-01

    Green homeland and environmental livable city are important factors in the living environment. Develop the urban environment from public facilities, building layout, forest gre-en, industrial layout, culture and other aspects is the common development direction of building livable urban. This article c-ombines with the development goals of livable city, elaborates the development ideas and planning strategies of building liva-ble urban.%  绿色家园、环保宜居城市,是体现城市居住环境的重要因素。从公共设施、建筑布局、森林绿化、产业布局、文化氛围等各方面发展城市环境,是建设宜居城市的普遍发展方向。本文就结合宜居城市发展目标,阐述了建设宜居城市的发展思路和规划策略。

  2. Explore the Construction Planning of Demonstration Village--Take the Gounan Village of Shantou City as an Example%示范性名村规划建设研究--以汕头市沟南村为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖广华

    2014-01-01

    Create the demonstration and famous vil age is the concrete action to carry forward the livable urban and rural co-nstruction and improve the level of the new rural construction, which is also the important measure to enrich people and deve-lop city and has great significance to enhance the urban and ru-ral construction level and promote the regional coordinated de-velopment between urban and rural areas. This article takes the construction planning of Gounan vil age Jinping district in Sh-antou city as the example to discuss.%打造名镇名村示范村,是推进宜居城乡建设、提高新农村建设水平的具体行动,是富民强市的重要举措,对提升城乡建设水平、促进城乡区域协调发展具有重大意义。文章以汕头市金平区沟南村的建设规划为实例,对其进行了探讨。

  3. Ideas of Utilization of City Water Recycling and Planning of Water Supply and Drainage%城市水资源循环利用和给排水规划体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭广田

    2014-01-01

    中共中央提出了“建设资源节约型、环境友好型社会”的号召。本文通过城市水资源循环利用和给排水规划意义及现状、水循环利用及给排水规划的体会,提出了一些水资源循环利用的理念和措施,希望可以用于城市建设发展。%The CPC Central Commit ee put forward the“buil-ding a resource-saving, environment-friendly society” appeal. In this paper, through the significance and the status of the uti-lization of city water recycling and water supply planning and the author’s ideas of the issues, puts forward some concepts and measures of water resource recycling, hoping they can be used for city construction and development.

  4. Un Plan Regulador para Cartagena, una ciudad de la costa central de Chile: una visión de futuro en 1976. / A master plan for Cartagena, a city on the central coast of Chile: a vision in 1976

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavez Reyes,María Isabel

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta la reseña de un proyecto de planificación urbana, conforme a la escuela desarrollada por la FAU de la Universidad de Chile, durante la etapa madura del Estado Planificador Urbano-Regional chileno. / It provides an overview of an urban planning project, developed under the FAU School of the University of Chile, during the mature stage of the Urban-Regional Planning State of Chile.

  5. Landscape Garden City Oriented Wenzhou Green System Planning%“山水园林城市”导向下的温州城市绿地系统规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖平平

    2014-01-01

    随着我国城镇化的进一步深入,城市建设过程中的生态环境恶劣、城市“千城一面”的问题层出不穷,人们开始关注城市绿地系统在城市生态系统中的重要作用。自“山水园林城市”战略目标实施以来,温州的城市建设取得了卓越成效,但同时也面临着生态环境压力大、城市景观单调等问题。结合“山水园林城市”战略,温州将绿化工程摆在了城市工作的首要位置,在充分调研绿地现状的基础上,重构城市绿地系统结构,合理规划城市绿地,充分发挥城市绿地在改善城市生态环境、塑造城市景观方面的巨大作用,打造山水园林城市。%Green system planning is receiving more and more attention as urban ecology and cityscape problems emerge in fast urbanization. Since landscape garden city development, Wenzhou urban development has made distinctive performance but stil has multiple problems. Wenzhou puts landscaping at the foremost mission, analyzes current status, restructures green system, makes green space planning, and improves ecology and cityscape for landscape garden city development.

  6. 生态学视角下健康城市规划理论框架的构建%The Theoretical Framework Of Healthy City Planning From Ecological Viewpoint

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张天尧

    2015-01-01

    伴随着快速城镇化和城市现代化,环境污染、气候变化等问题引发了新公共卫生问题,重构城市规划与公共卫生之间的合作关系对解决这些问题具有重要意义。在国际范围内,健康城市运动的发展为健康城市规划提供了行动框架和原则,但健康城市规划缺乏扎实的理论依据。城市系统的复杂性是构建健康城市规划理论框架的主要挑战,在复杂性科学背景下,研究基于生态学视角,将弹性概念和社会生态学理论引入健康城市规划理论框架的构建中,以期为健康城市规划的制定与实施提供一定的理论基础。%Fast urbanization and modernization cause environmental polution and climate change, and public sanitation and urban planning shal be coordinated to solve the problems. Global healthy city movement has raised action framework, yet the theoretical framework needs to be consolidated. From ecological viewpoint, the paper introduces lfexibility concept and social ecology theories, establishes a primary framework in response to the complexity of cities, and provides theoretical foundation for the implementation of healthy urban planning.

  7. Climate Change Management Approaches of Cities: A Comparative Study Between Globally Leading and Turkish Metropolitan Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solmaz Filiz Karabag

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Many studies have focused on climate change policies and action at the national level, but few have studied policies and action at the city level, especially cities in emerging economies. To address this gap, the present study analyzes the management strategies globally leading cities have developed to address climate change and related issues and compares them with the city strategies of one rapidly urbanizing emerging economy, Turkey. In the analysis, the strategic plans of five leading global cities are compared with those of sixteen Turkish cities. While the leading global cities have specific managerial approaches to mitigate climate change, none of the Turkish cities exhibits any comprehensive approach. Furthermore, while leading global cities modify urban services to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG emissions, few Turkish cities adjust any services to address this challenge. Some Turkish cities propose an increased use of renewable energy sources and modification in their transportation system, but the focus in these plans is the current daily needs of their inhabitants. The findings of this study suggest several climate change strategies both for Turkish cities and cities in other developing countries.

  8. Managing Air in Olympic Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qing W. Tian

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The 21st century Olympic Agenda aims to align itself with the concept of sustainable development and has driven improved environmental quality in host cities, such as the Green Games in Sydney 2000 and the planned Beijing 2008 Games and in London 2012 as the Low Carbon Games. Air quality has long been a concern of Olympic mega-cities, although the air quality plans and strategies have often seemed short-lived and unsustainable in the long term. We have explored air quality data and air pollution control from seven Olympic cities: Mexico City, Los Angeles, Atlanta, Sydney and Athens and also Beijing and London which will host Olympic Games in near future. The study shows that despite a high altitude and air pollution problems, Mexico City had no clear environmental policy in place for the 1968 games. The characteristic smog of Los Angeles raised concerns about athletic performance at the Olympic Games of 1984, but there were limited efforts to tackle the ozone concentration during these games. The 1996 Atlanta Games represents a case where temporary public transport changes were used as a tactic to reduce air pollution. In Sydney a well planned sustainable strategy reduced air pollutants and CO2 emissions in 2000, but Athens' long efforts to improve air quality for the 2004 games were not wholly effective. Even where strategies proved successful the improvements in air quality seem short-lived. Current host cities Beijing and London are developing emission reduction plans. These have clear air quality objectives and are well intentioned. However, the improvements may be too narrow and may not be sustainable in the long term. Our analysis looks at the origins of success and failure and how more coherent improvements might be achieved and what would promote sustainable plans for air quality management at future games. The study illustrates the feedback between air pollution science and policy awareness.

  9. The Power of Micro Urban Structures, Theory of EEPGC - the Micro Urban Energy Distribution Model as a Planning Tool for Sustainable City Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tkáč, Štefan

    2015-11-01

    To achieve the smart growth and equitable development in the region, urban planners should consider also lateral energies represented by the energy urban models like further proposed EEPGC focused on energy distribution via connections among micro-urban structures, their onsite renewable resources and the perception of micro-urban structures as decentralized energy carriers based on pre industrialized era. These structures are still variously bound when part of greater patterns. After the industrial revolution the main traded goods became energy in its various forms. The EEPGC is focused on sustainable energy transportation distances between the villages and the city, described by the virtual "energy circles". This more human scale urbanization, boost the economy in micro-urban areas, rising along with clean energy available in situ that surely gives a different perspective to human quality of life in contrast to overcrowded multicultural mega-urban structures facing generations of problems and struggling to survive as a whole.

  10. Effective Implementation of Urban Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xun-guo

    2002-01-01

    We analyze the factors that affect the efficiency and function of city planning in practical implementation,especially those of detailed planning. Two key principles and three strategies for plan to reach effective implementation are discussed so that the inflexibility and non- effectiveness of plans can be lessened.

  11. Beliefs about the use of nonprescribed antibiotics among people in Yogyakarta City, Indonesia: a qualitative study based on the theory of planned behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widayati, Aris; Suryawati, Sri; de Crespigny, Charlotte; Hiller, Janet E

    2015-03-01

    Although antibiotics are prescription-only medicine in Indonesia, they can be purchased without prescription. This qualitative study elicited beliefs about nonprescribed antibiotics use informed by the theory of planned behavior to develop a questionnaire for an expanded theory of planned behavior survey. Twenty-five (N = 25) adults with experience of using nonprescribed antibiotics were interviewed. Content analysis was applied. Participants reported that the use of nonprescribed antibiotics was advantageous in term of saving time and money and of reducing the number of medicines that need to be purchased, in contrast to a perception of what occurs with medical prescriptions. Potential adverse effects, poor health outcomes, and antimicrobial resistance were the perceived disadvantages. Facilitators of such use were the availability of over-the-counter antibiotics and successful experience in using antibiotics. Medication for children was the perceived barrier to such use. Family members and friends, especially those with health education background, approved of such use.

  12. Action planning for healthy cities: the role of multi-criteria analysis, developed in Italy and France, for assessing health performances in land-use plans and urban development projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capolongo, Stefano; Lemaire, Nina; Oppio, Alessandra; Buffoli, Maddalena; Roue Le Gall, Anne

    2016-01-01

    In the last decades a growing attention has been paid to the relationship between urban planning and public health. The introduction of the social model of health has stressed the importance of the determinants of health such as socioeconomic, cultural, and environmental conditions, in addition to living and working conditions. Starting from the assumption that urban planning plays a crucial role for enhancing healthy lifestyles and environments, the paper describes two different approaches to include health issues into land use plans and urban development projects. Two different evaluation tools, defined according to the Italian and French legal framework, have been compared in order to find out whether they could be considered as an innovative answer to the instance of creating a more effective cross field of work and training among urban planners and public health professionals. PMID:27436261

  13. Ecological Drainage Construction Plan of Guantang New Town of Zhenjiang City%镇江市官塘新城生态排水建设规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨森; 赵江

    2013-01-01

    The ecological drainage construction plan idea was proposed to coordinate the Guantang new town planning with low-carbon,ecology,wisdom and livable environment concepts.This plan adopted foreign mature experience of low-impact development and flood risk assessment techniques.The Guantang new town drainage works were arranged with considering rainwater utilization,pollutant source control,urban green corridor,extraordinary flood discharge channels and optimization of urban land use.The ecological drainage construction plan and the guidelines for the design,construction,maintenance and management were compiled to provide technical and operational management basis for implementation of the ecological concept in the construction process.%为配合“低碳、生态、智慧、宜居”的官塘新城总体规划,提出了生态排水建设的规划思路.该规划采用国外成熟的低影响开发经验和洪水风险评估技术,综合考虑雨水利用、污染物源头控制、城市绿色廊道、超标准洪水泄流途径以及城市用地优化,提出了官塘新城水系和生态排水工程布置方案.同时,编制了生态排水建设规划以及配合实施的设计、施工、维护和管理指南,为生态理念在建设过程中的实施提供了可操作的技术和管理依据.

  14. City Electric Vehicle Charging Facilities Layout Planning and Analysis%城市电动汽车充电设施布局规划探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张立永

    2014-01-01

    In order to promote the development of urban electric vehicles, accurately identify the factors affecting urban electric vehicle charging facility layout planning, according to the actual needs of the charging station charging, rational planning of urban electric vehicle charging facilities. Detailed analysis of the main factors affecting the urban electric vehicle charging station facility layout planning of the layout of urban electric vehicle charging facilities for reference.%为了推动城市电动汽车的发展,准确找出影响城市电动汽车充电设施布局规划的因素,根据充电站的实际充电需求,合理规划城市电动汽车的充电设施。具体分析了影响城市电动汽车充电站设施布局的主要因素,探析了城市电动汽车充电设施的布局规划,以供参考。

  15. City Branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trads, Søren Frimann; Stigel, Jørgen

    2006-01-01

    Succesful corporate branding requires that questions related to communication, publicity, and organizational structures are adressed. An uncritical adoption of approaches known from tradition product branding will inevitable give problems as the properties of tangible commodities and services......, problems seem to multiply in what has becom known as city branding. This analysis of the communicational aspects of two Danish provincial towns´ branding efforts examines both their internally and externally directed communication. It demonstrates that an insufficient understanding of - or willingness...... to face - these differences will inevitably hamper such branding efforts because of the consequential inconsistencies. Finally, paths to more effective city branding are indicated...

  16. Rotterdam: Dynamic Polder City = Land + Water + Culture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hooimeijer, F.L.

    2010-01-01

    The planning culture in the Netherlands is based on the experience of building cities on very wet and soft soils. The design of Dutch polder cities was from early on a balance between land and water: building site preparation. The relation between technological development and urban development can

  17. The Planning and Design of Baohu Lake National Urban Wetland Park in Yinchuan City%银川市宝湖国家级城市湿地公园规划设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿慧娴; 马冬梅; 贺生云; 马彩云

    2012-01-01

    探讨了宁夏银川市宝湖国家级城市湿地公园的规划设计.从对宝湖现状及其周边环境的分析出发,以再现自然风貌,彰显地方特色为理念,将宝湖规划设计为集休闲健身、游玩观赏、湿地科普知识宣传为一体的城市湿地公园,并对宝湖的水资源保护和管理机制进行了分析,以期为同类湿地公园的规划设计提供经验借鉴.%In this paper, the planning and design of Baohu Lake National Urban Wetland Park in Yinchuan City were discussed. Based on the investigation and analysis of current situation and it's surrounding environment, Baohu Lake will be developed as a urban wetland park integrating multiple functions of recreation, fitness, tourism, entertainment and science education, to reflect its natural landscapes and unique localized characteristics. An analysis of water resource conservation and management mechanism of Baohu Lake were also made, intending to provide an example for planning and design of other similar urban wetland parks.

  18. Wisdom of an Ancient City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GE JIANXIONG

    2010-01-01

    @@ The famous painting,Along the River During Qingming Festival,impresses visitors at the China Pavilion not iust because of the animated figures in the electronic version of the painting but because it shows a prosperous view of Kaifeng,capital of the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127).It also showcases the wisdom of city planning in ancient China.

  19. The Schoolhouse in the City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toffler, Alvin, Ed.

    A conference entitled "The Schoolhouse in the City" was convened at Stanford University, July 10-14, 1967. Sponsored by Stanford's School Planning Laboratory and supported by Educational Facilities Laboratories and the U. S. Office of Education, the conference brought together as speakers leading figures in local, state, and federal government,…

  20. Fun City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Once the blues guitarist B.B. King sang that when he "didn't wanna live no more", he would go shopping instead. Now, however, shopping has become a lifestyle... The city of today has become "Disneyfied" and "Tivolized". It has become a scene for events. The aim of the book is to encircle and pin ...

  1. Vacant city

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marzot, N.

    2013-01-01

    Abandoned places that the crisis has multiplied, unaware wrecks of a project of civilization that has consumed its thrust and life-giving function, are waiting for new desirable interpretations, they are an expression of a possible city in opposition to the existing, even if not recognized by any in

  2. Sin City?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gautier, Pieter A.; Svarer, Michael; Teulings, Coen N.

    2007-01-01

    Is moving to the countryside a credible commitment device for couples? We investigate whether lowering the arrival rate of potential alternative partners by moving to a less populated area lowers the dissolution risk for a sample of Danish couples. We find that of the couples who married in the city

  3. Drone City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2016-01-01

    This paper address the phenomenon of drones and their potential relationship with the city from the point of view of the so-called “mobilities turn”. This is done in such a way that turns attention to a recent redevelopment of the “turn” towards design; so the emerging perspective of “mobilities...... design” will be used as a background perspective to reflect upon the future of drones in cities. The other perspective used to frame the phenomenon is the emerging discourse of the “smart city”. A city of proliferating digital information and data communication may be termed a smart city as shorthand...... on the block” that will potentially be a game-changer for urban governance, economics and everyday life. Here we are thinking of the unmanned aerial vehicle or drone as the popular term has it. Therefore, the paper asks how life in “drone city” may play out. Drones may alter the notion of surveillance by means...

  4. City Geology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markle, Sandra

    1989-01-01

    This article provides information on the evolution of the building material, concrete, and suggests hands-on activities that allow students to experience concrete's qualities, test the heat absorbency of various ground surface materials, discover how an area's geology changes, and search for city fossils. A reproducible activity sheet is included.…

  5. COORDINATION BETWEEN LONG-TERM DEVELOPMENT AND EMERGENCY RECONSTRUCTION: A STUDY ON THE COMPILATION OF MASTER PLAN OF DEYANG CITY%城市长远发展与灾后应急重建之协调——德阳市城市总体规划编制探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张莉; 郭枫

    2011-01-01

    Deyang City is not only the severely damaged area in Wenchuan Earthquake but also the major reconstruction area after the earthquake. The coordination between long-term development and emergency reconstruction is the core issue in the compilation of the Master Plan of Deyang City. Aimed at this issue, the planning team adopts the technical approach of integrating the emergency reconstruction with long-term development planning, urban development with regional development, and master plan of the city with overall urban design. Based on that, the team conducts meaningful explorations on the following aspects of conducting integrated development of Chendu-Deyang-Mianyang Region, building the safety pattern for the city region of Deyang, creating a space of flexible development in Deyang central city, and formulating the planning for the reconstruction period.%德阳市是“5·12”汶川特大地震的重灾区,也是灾后恢复重建的重点地区.如何协调城市长远发展与应急重建的关系,是德阳市城市总体规划编制的核心问题.围绕这一主题,项目组设计了灾后重建与发展规划相结合、区域发展与城市发展相结合、城市总体规划与总体城市设计相结合的技术路线,在成德绵区域一体化发展、构筑市域安全发展格局、打造城市弹性发展空间、重建期建设规划等几个方面进行了有意义的探索.

  6. Reflections on Urban Green Space Planning in Mountain City%山地城市绿色空间规划思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶林; 邢忠; 颜文涛

    2014-01-01

    绿色空间是山地城市区域内非建设用地系统中的核心部分,是维护山地区域生态安全和支撑城乡持续发展的本底。由于山地环境的脆弱性和复杂性,快速城镇化建设对绿色空间的干扰远大于平地,通常的规划思路显现出诸多不适应山地环境之处。笔者借鉴国内外相关规划实践经验,提出在山地环境下应特别重视多目标导向、多尺度整合、重视环境单元、维护动态过程、协调关联边缘效应、构建控制要素体系等适应性规划思路。%Green spaces are the core part of non-development land in urban area,and ensure mountain area’s ecological security and sustainable development. The disturbance with rapid urbanization to urban green spaces at mountain area far more than flat land,and the usual planning strategies cannot adapt to mountain environment completely. This paper draws lessons from domestic and international relevant plannings,and discuss some adaptable planning strategies: multi-objective orientation,multi-scale integration,protection of environmental unit, maintenance of dynamic process,coordination of edge effect and construction of controlling elements system.

  7. Using Community-Based Participatory Research to Identify Environmental Justice Issues in an Inner-City Community and Inform Urban Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansyur, Carol Leler; Jeng, Hueiwang Anna; Holloman, Erica; DeBrew, Linwood

    2016-01-01

    The Southeast CARE Coalition has been using community-based participatory research to examine environmental degradation in the Southeast Community, Newport News, Virginia. A survey was developed to collect assessment data. Up to 66% of respondents were concerned about environmental problems in their community. Those with health conditions were significantly more likely to identify specific environmental problems. The top 5 environmental concerns included coal dust, air quality, crime, water quality, and trash. The community-based participatory research process is building community capacity and participation, providing community input into strategic planning, and empowering community members to take control of environmental justice issues in their community. PMID:27214672

  8. Spatial distribution of traffic induced noise exposures in a US city: an analytic tool for assessing the health impacts of urban planning decisions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rivard Tom

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background: Vehicle traffic is the major source of noise in urban environments, which in turn has multiple impacts on health. In this paper we investigate the spatial distribution of community noise exposures and annoyance. Traffic data from the City of San Francisco were used to model noise exposure by neighborhood and road type. Remote sensing data were used in the model to estimate neighborhood-specific percentages of cars, trucks, and buses on arterial versus non-arterial streets. The model was validated on 235 streets. Finally, an exposure-response relationship was used to predict the prevalence of high annoyance for different neighborhoods. Results: Urban noise was found to increase 6.7 dB (p Conclusion: The risk of annoyance from urban noise is large, and varies considerably between neighborhoods. Such risk should be considered in urban areas undergoing rapid growth. We present a relatively simple GIS-based noise model that may be used for routinely evaluating the health impacts of environmental noise.

  9. Carbon and air pollutants constrained energy planning for clean power generation with a robust optimization model—A case study of Jining City, China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Multistage inexact stochastic robust model for energy system management. • Electric power structure adjustment and emission reduction target are considered. • Power generation schemes, exported electricity, and captured CO2 were analyzed. • Uncertainties were reflected as discrete intervals and probability distributions. - Abstract: In this study, a multistage inexact stochastic robust model was developed for regional energy system management in Jining City, China. Three scenarios about the electric power structure adjustment, clean power generation, and the emission reduction target are designed. Methods of interval parameter programming (IPP), stochastic robust optimization (SRO), and multistage stochastic programming (MSP) were incorporated into the developed model to tackle uncertainties described by interval values and probability distributions. The results indicated that the model can provide an effective linkage between conflicting economic cost and the system stability, and different power demand levels correspond to different electricity generation schemes with varied system cost and system-failure risk. The net system cost, power generation schemes, exported electricity, and captured CO2 amount were analyzed. The results indicated that the power generation by traditional technology would be decreased with the improvement of regional energy structure adjustment and environmental protection request. The modeling results are valuable for supporting the adjustment or justification of the existing power generation schemes within a complicated energy system under uncertainty

  10. The Nowadays Isfahan! Green space city? Or black highway city?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoud Taghvaei

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract   In between urban land use, green spaces are part of the frameworks of the cities, which we refer to as the animate part of the framework structure of the city, and in correlation with inanimate part of the city; they create the texture and appearance of it. But according to importance of expansion of green space in cities, instead of the development and expansion of these spaces in isfahan which was someday regarded as the model of Islamic garden –town with appropriate green space, the focus in the recent years have been more on the development of framework- residential, commercial, structures and roads, parking lots etc. but among the prior ones and roads have the sixth rank in planning. Therefore, it is clear that the current approach has a one – dimensional theory for planning and using all these users and the relation between these spaces with each other has been almost forgotten. For instance, in the current conditions, many of city planners focus on development of cross over and streets to diminish traffic, but regarding the high demands for travel, volume of automobile arrival, easy automobile buying and owning, the preference of citizens for using personal cars and the gradual increase in urban travels due in appropriate access to urban services, the expansion of streets and changing urban textures in to cross avers and devoting a substantial part of urban budgets to creating roads, highways , autobahns and parking lots, to what extent we can have control over cities , and isn’t it the time take aside the conventional planning for urban lands and do something to solve these problems? If the current process continues, soon in looking downward from the sky to this city, well see a black city with black links connected together, not a green city with green links connected together .so this paper analyzes the irregular increase in roads and crossovers and parking lots with a comparing – analyzing method and in turn

  11. Analysis of Coal Mine Area City Road Planning System%煤矿区域城市道路规划系统分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王喜军

    2013-01-01

    作为连接矿区内部生产区域与居住区域的主要通道,矿区道路规划对矿区功能结构、运输经济性及整体布局具有直接性影响。文章以霍林河矿区为例,首先介绍了矿区道路的整体布置方案及技术条件,对矿区道路规划中存在的问题进行了总结,并提出了相应的改进措施。%As a mining production area and internal connection living area of the main channel, the mining area road planning function structure of mining area, transportation economy and overall layout has directly affected. This paper HuoLinHe mining area as an example, the first introduced the general layout of mining area road scheme and technical conditions, the mining area after the problems existing in the road planning are summarized, and the relevant measures are put forward.

  12. Sinking coastal cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erkens, Gilles; Bucx, Tom; Dam, Rien; De Lange, Ger; Lambert, John

    2014-05-01

    In many coastal and delta cities land subsidence now exceeds absolute sea level rise up to a factor of ten. Without action, parts of Jakarta, Ho Chi Minh City, Bangkok and numerous other coastal cities will sink below sea level. Land subsidence increases flood vulnerability (frequency, inundation depth and duration of floods), with floods causing major economic damage and loss of lives. In addition, differential land movement causes significant economic losses in the form of structural damage and high maintenance costs. This effects roads and transportation networks, hydraulic infrastructure - such as river embankments, sluice gates, flood barriers and pumping stations -, sewage systems, buildings and foundations. The total damage worldwide is estimated at billions of dollars annually. Excessive groundwater extraction after rapid urbanization and population growth is the main cause of severe land subsidence. In addition, coastal cities are often faced with larger natural subsidence, as they are built on thick sequences of soft soil. Because of ongoing urbanization and population growth in delta areas, in particular in coastal megacities, there is, and will be, more economic development in subsidence-prone areas. The impacts of subsidence are further exacerbated by extreme weather events (short term) and rising sea levels (long term).Consequently, detrimental impacts will increase in the near future, making it necessary to address subsidence related problems now. Subsidence is an issue that involves many policy fields, complex technical aspects and governance embedment. There is a need for an integrated approach in order to manage subsidence and to develop appropriate strategies and measures that are effective and efficient on both the short and long term. Urban (ground)water management, adaptive flood risk management and related spatial planning strategies are just examples of the options available. A major rethink is needed to deal with the 'hidden' but urgent

  13. Discussion on the Central Business District of a City Bus Priority Traffic Planning%城市中心商业区公交优先的交通规划的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘维彬; 祖宇聪

    2013-01-01

    bus priority is a system engineering, it relates to the transformation of city traffic development strategy and system of the existing mechanism of city planning, and the concept of people, and it is not just a bus and taxi in the way of use preference, but the vast majority of people in the priority traffic. The most important is, in the"three factors of human, vehicle, road traffic management", in the limited road conditions to solve the smooth road and vehicle growth problem, we should fol ow the principle of people-oriented, considering that most people travel convenience.%  公交优先是一个系统的工程,它涉及到城市总体规划、城市交通发展战略和现行的体制机制及人们观念的转变,而且它不仅仅是指公交车和出租车在路权使用上的优先,而是指绝大多数人在交通出行方面的优先。最重要的是,在“人、车、路”交通管理的三要素当中,要在有限的道路条件下解决好道路通畅和车辆增长的问题,我们要遵循以人为本的原则,考虑到多数人出行方便的情况。

  14. 城市空间特色的提炼与规划--以常州为例%The Refining and Planning about Characteristics of Urban Space:A Case Study of Changzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季松; 李亮

    2014-01-01

    With the further development of social economy, characteristics of urban space has become the key point of restructuring and development. How to form the characteristics for urban space is a big challenge for Changzhou city. To deal with this problem, we follow the basic cognitive rules of space characteristics and uphold the concept of public participation. Firstly, we comb and assess every resources of Changzhou city. Secondly, we reifne the slogan of spatial characteristics and determine the characteristic area. Thirdly, we define the general structure and the requirements of control and guide. Finally, we work out some effective methods and achievements which can be referenced by other planning of spatial characteristics.%随着社会经济的进一步发展,城市的空间特色逐渐成为城市下一阶段转型发展所关注的重点,如何构筑彰显空间特色的系统是常州城市面临的巨大挑战。规划遵循空间特色认知的基本规律,以公众参与为基础,科学梳理、评估常州的各项资源,提炼空间特色口号,明确并划分城市特色区,并继而提出空间特色的总体结构和相关系统性控导要求。从而在技术方法及成果内容等方面对城市空间特色规划进行了有益的探索。

  15. 喀什城区单体住宅平面构成变容研究%Study on Changes of Monomer Housing Plan of Kashgar City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟宇; 殷正声

    2015-01-01

    喀什地区现居住着300万左右的维吾尔族人,他们区别于周边其他民族,有着自己独特的文化,在语言、宗教、艺术、建筑、服装、饮食文化等多方面至今仍然保留着完整的固有文化和传统。当日新月异的现代洪流冲击着这座古老名城,维吾尔族人用其独特的民族智慧融合并发展着自身的居住方式。通过对1980年至今维吾尔族的主要居住形式——单体住宅的平面构成变容研究来探讨当今维吾尔族的居住形式,并寻找影响其空间构成的诸多因素。%Dwelling like a mirror, faithfully reflects the Kashgar Uighurs living customs and production. Kashi region is now home to more than 300 million of the Uygur, distinguish them from other neighboring peoples, has its own unique culture, many still retain complete intrinsic culture, language, religion, art, architecture, fashion, food culture and traditions. When the ever-changing modern torrent impact of this ancient city, Uighur integration and development of its own way of living with their unique national intelligence.

  16. 浅析杭州市江海湿地概念规划设计%Conceptual Planning and Design of Jianghai Wetland Park in Hangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫铠

    2014-01-01

    Jianghai Wetland Park is the core ecosystem in the new town of Dajiangdong in Xiaoshan District and in Hangzhou eastern ecological belt, and its conceptual planning has integrated ecosystems rehabilitation and protection into the framework of urban planning, industrial deployment and economic development. According to local ecological characteristics, hydrology and environment factors, wildlife and other natural sources, it is planned to divide the site into 3 regions respectively with high, medium and low ecological sensitivity, and 5 different types of wetlands were designed including freshwater marsh, swamp and salt marsh based on wetland hydrological requirements. It is supposed to harmonize the relations between protection and recreational tourism, research and education, and industrial development in surrounding areas, which will provide an important basis for future designs of wetland and ecological landscapes.%江海湿地公园作为萧山区大江东新城地区和杭州东部生态带的核心生态系统,其概念规划方案将生态系统的修复和保护融入城市规划、产业布局和经济发展模式之中。根据当地的生态结构特点、水文和环境要素、野生动植物种群等自然资源,划分高、中、低三类不同生态敏感层次的生态保护区,并结合不同的水文特征设计了5种类型的淡水湿地和盐碱湿地。从整体上协调了湿地生态保护区域与休闲观光、科研教育以及周边产业发展之间的关系,为今后湿地和生态景观设计起到重要的借鉴作用。

  17. Planning Practice and Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    and practice co- evolve in adapting to the ever-increasing transformation of cities and urban regions? In this context, Planning Practice and Research (PPR) is seeking perspectives from the young academic community in planning. We propose to publish at least one special edition of PPR with a number of short...

  18. Urban green areas as the starting point for planning hydroelectric and urban developments: The case of the Sava River in the City of Ljubljana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleš Mlakar

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the landscape and urbanistic layout of the Sava River space and North part of the Bežigrad stretch of Ljubljana. Focus is on methodological and content starting points for the layout preparation and development of urban green areas of the wider Sava River space, which as a connecting link and simultaneously independent spatial and functional entity represents the starting point for planning hydro-energetic and urban arrangements. The necessity of recognising and resolving real spatial planning issues, formulation of clear goals and concepts, confrontation of different spatial systems and interests, as well as the sensibility of devising alternative development scenarios are emphasised. One of the most important starting points of the proposed layout is comprehensive design of public open spaces and green areas. The urbanistic solution relies on a programmatically strong, distinct and structured Dunajska Street, which should transform into the public space of a modern urban artery, with a clear ending that simultaneously gradually adapts to the morphology akin to the surroundings and Sava River space. Because of its natural characteristics, preserved cultural landscape and good accessibility, this area has great potential for development of leisure activities. The proposed solution stems from the fact that the chain of hydro-electric plants shouldn't be seen as buildings with negative environmental effects, but also as development opportunities – the actual execution of a recreation area along the Sava River and a method for rehabilitating the degraded spaces. Comprehensive solutions along the river have been proposed as parts of the hydro-electric developments, with special attention focusing on active design of various riverbank types.

  19. Energy-Smart Cities-DK

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje

    for Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, Section for Landscape Architecture and Planning is involved in the European project PLEEC, which studies ways for more energy efficient urban planning, focusing on six case cities. To measure the energy situation in these cities, project partners from Vienna...... of Technology and further partners in the ongoing EU-FP7 project PLEEC (Giffinger, Hemis, Weninger, & Haindlmaier, 2014) .This particular project on benchmarking Danish municipalities is financed by the Danish energy service company NRGi and their affiliated company Kuben Management, who have an interest...... in exploring the operationalization of the smart city, a term which is widely used in current city development strategies. There are various definitions for that concept – we think the most important characteristic of a smart city is that it can activate and use the resources and capital available in a most...

  20. City of Zagreb Spatial Data Infrastructure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darko Šiško

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Through the establishment of the Coordination Group for the City of Zagreb Spatial Management IT System, the City of Zagreb has become actively involved in the wider global community by setting up the Zagreb Spatial Data Infrastructure (ZSDI service. In the City of Zagreb, many bodies of city administration use and create spatial data and services daily in their work. All are ZSDI users and obviously have to make data mutually available. Without spatial data and services, it would be impossible to manage space effectively, plan city development, monitor the situation on the ground, or carry out many other activities. This paper gives an overview of ZSDI set-up activities so far, as well as plans for the future. 

  1. Agreement between patient-reported and provider-reported choice of contraceptive method among family planning patients in New York City: implications for public health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ventura A

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Alicia Ventura, Samantha Garbers, Allison Meserve, Mary Ann ChiassonResearch and Evaluation Unit, Public Health Solutions, New York, NY, USAAbstract: National data on choice of contraceptive method and subsequent use are critical for monitoring progress toward meeting public health goals in reducing unintended pregnancy in the US. Yet few studies have focused on the reliability of clinically-reported or patient-reported measures of choice of contraceptive method for the range of available contraceptive methods. Among 1,844 women receiving reproductive health care at two federally funded centers in New York City, choice of contraceptive method at the end of the visit from two data sources was compared, ie, patient self-report, and provider-report as recorded in the clinical-administrative database. Agreement between the two data sources was assessed for the sample. Sociodemographic predictors of agreement were assessed using logistic regression. Agreement between the data sources was also assessed on a method-by-method basis using positive specific agreement. Participants were predominantly Latina (69%, foreign-born (76%, and low-income (99% with incomes <200% federal poverty level. Agreement of patient-reported and provider-reported contraceptive choice was highest for hormonal methods (positive specific agreement 94.0% and intrauterine devices (89.9%, and lowest for condoms (53.5%. In the logistic regression model, agreement was lower among teens aged 16–19 years compared with women aged 25+ years (odds ratio 0.74; 95% confidence interval 0.55–0.99. Because teens are more likely to rely on condoms, the logistic regression model was repeated, adjusting for provider report of condom choice; after adjustment, no sociodemographic differences in agreement were observed. National data sources or studies relying on provider-reported method choice to derive estimates of contraceptive prevalence may overestimate choice of condoms. Our findings raise

  2. 生态规划在资源型城市转型实践中的作用——以抚顺市为例%Role of Ecological Planning in the Transformation of Resource-Based Cities——Taking Fushun City as Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐珂

    2012-01-01

    With so many resource-based cities are coming into the crisis of sustainable development, how to make the resource-based cities transform successfully becomes an important topics in Chinese cities' development. In order to study the role the ecological planning plays in the transformation of resource-based cities, this article makes an example of a typical resource-based city, Fushun. By analyzing the contents of the urban ecological planning and the planning measures in recent years, a conclusion is drawn that the urban ecological planning is an effective way in promoting the urban transformation. And this conclusion has a broad significance.%目前我国一些资源型城市由于长期开采,资源已近枯竭,即将陷入可持续发展危机,如何实现资源型城市转型成为我国城市发展中十分重要的课题.为了研究生态规划对于资源型城市转型的推动作用,本文以典型资源型城市抚顺市为例,通过分析其城市生态规划的内容及近年的规划举措,得出了城市生态规划是推进城市转型的有效途径这一结论,并分析了该结论的广泛意义.

  3. Tourism and City. Reflections about Tourist Dimension of Smart City

    OpenAIRE

    Rosa Anna La Rocca

    2013-01-01

    The city of the future seems to be necessarily “intelligent” both in its physical and in functional features.This paper starts from the consideration that the diffusion of new communication technologies (ICTs) is significantly changing the urban supply system of tourist services giving rise to new ways of enjoying the city.As tourism can be assumed as an urban activity, by a town planning point of view, the study of tourism is meaningful to identify development trajectories of the present cit...

  4. 我国水资源与城市规划协调研究%The Coordination between Water Resources and City Planning in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭少华

    2001-01-01

    The shortage of water resources has become the main problem in China. This paper has discussed the present situations and the causes of shortage of water resources in China. From the point of view of sustainable development, the paper discusses the concept of water resources, puts forward that the water resources has the double property of the nature and society, and reaches the following conclusion: (1) for the sustainable uses of water resources in urban district, we must set up the system of resource costs, calculate the district bearing capacity of water resources, promote the sustainable development of society, resource and environment. (2) because many factors would affect the sustainable uses, the paper suggests that the sustainable uses of water resources must be based on the urban environment planning in the hydrosphere ecosystem, the multistage urban system planning and the strict economy system in many ways.%分析了我国水资源的现状与城市水资源短缺的原因,结果表明,城市水资源短缺除自然因素外,还受到人为的环境污染、生态系统破坏、管理水平低下、规划布局不合理等因素影响。认为城市水资源可持续发展利用必须合理计算区域水资源承载力,建立资源成本核算体系,实现区域社会、资源、环境与可持续发展;基于生态系统理论,以水圈生态系统恢复重建为基础,通过区域规划与城市规划维系区域自然、社会资源的合理利用,协调区域之间的利益与矛盾,促进区域可持续发展;通过城市详细规划,缓解城市内部水资源需求矛盾,构建健康的人居环境,促进城市水文化的延续;建立全方位的节约型水资源利用体系。

  5. City Environment Art and Sustainable Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ding Liwei

    2007-01-01

    The development of everthing follows its own law, which does not change at people's own sweet will. Therefore, we must study the development of things so as to grasp the essence of things in their deep meanings, explore the direction of their development, and make them better serve the people. As a part of the thought of sustainable development, city environment art will be of active significance to the perfection of the thought and will also be the concrete embodiment of the synthetic index of economic development. Such a thesis, starting from the macroscopic angle, and relying on the leading thought of sustainable development, takes hold of the development trend of city environment art, and explores the various problems that have arisen in city environment in the process of city management by combining thoughts on city planning, so as to guide urban harmonious development theoretically. The present paper expounds on the views comprehensively and, through the synthetic analysis on city planning, city environment, art esthetics and the thought of sustainable development, makes a detailed analysis of the effects of the present rapid city development on city environment.

  6. The Uses of Big Data in Cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bettencourt, Luís M A

    2014-03-01

    There is much enthusiasm currently about the possibilities created by new and more extensive sources of data to better understand and manage cities. Here, I explore how big data can be useful in urban planning by formalizing the planning process as a general computational problem. I show that, under general conditions, new sources of data coordinated with urban policy can be applied following fundamental principles of engineering to achieve new solutions to important age-old urban problems. I also show that comprehensive urban planning is computationally intractable (i.e., practically impossible) in large cities, regardless of the amounts of data available. This dilemma between the need for planning and coordination and its impossibility in detail is resolved by the recognition that cities are first and foremost self-organizing social networks embedded in space and enabled by urban infrastructure and services. As such, the primary role of big data in cities is to facilitate information flows and mechanisms of learning and coordination by heterogeneous individuals. However, processes of self-organization in cities, as well as of service improvement and expansion, must rely on general principles that enforce necessary conditions for cities to operate and evolve. Such ideas are the core of a developing scientific theory of cities, which is itself enabled by the growing availability of quantitative data on thousands of cities worldwide, across different geographies and levels of development. These three uses of data and information technologies in cities constitute then the necessary pillars for more successful urban policy and management that encourages, and does not stifle, the fundamental role of cities as engines of development and innovation in human societies.

  7. Scenario Development for the City of Stockholm Towards a Fossil Fuel Free City by 2050

    OpenAIRE

    Giagkalos, Panagiotis

    2012-01-01

    The City of Stockholm’s energy and climate goals are analyzed and projected in several scenarios. Using the year 2015 as the baseline year, a database covering the energy performance and fuel use within the City is created. This starting point is used to project the performance of the City until the year 2050. The projection is made with the use of scenarios and the simulation software LEAP by formulating scenarios that combine ongoing, planned and conceivable measures. All these scenarios ai...

  8. Simulating the Impact of Compact City Policy on Two Korean Cities: Daejeon and Hwaseong

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Donghan; Han, Haejin

    2015-01-01

    The notion of compact city has become an important planning agenda to achieve a sustainable urban future. Although there is no universally accepted definition of a compact city, in terms of land use, the concept generally focuses on high-density and mixed-use development along with the promotion of public transport. It is then generally agreed that such urban development practices would yield various economic, environmental, and social benefits. To understand the impact of the compact city be...

  9. 城市电动汽车充电站规划模型探析%Discussion on Planning Model of City Electric Vehicles Charging Stations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马玉清; 谈先球

    2015-01-01

    This article first describes the factors to be considered of urban electric vehicle planning ,then introduces the basic mathematical programming model on the charging station model and analyses the model of particle swarm optimization .Finally ,it gives some suggestions for improvement and provides a good solution to locate electric vehicle charging stations .%介绍了城市电动汽车规划需要考虑的因素,给出了考虑成本费用的电动汽车充电站规划的基本数学规划模型,分析了粒子群算法的充电站模型的基本原理和优缺点,从调整惯性权重因子和学习因子2个方面提出了改进建议,对电动汽车充电站规划选址提供了良好的思路。

  10. 以人为本、凸显亲民的现代行政中心景观规划设计--以湘乡市行政中心景观规划设计为例%People Oriented Landscape Planning and Design of Modern Administrative Center--Taking the Landscape Planning and Design of Administrative Center of Xiangxiang City as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄贵良

    2014-01-01

    如何营造出具有地域文化特色、生态型的行政中心景观,满足时代对行政中心开放、亲民、高效、廉洁的环境要求,是本文阐述的重点。文章结合湘乡市行政中心景观规划设计,力求在理论上较系统地对其进行阐述。%How to create the landscape of an administrative center with characteristics of regional culture and ecological protection to meet the required open, people first, efficient, clean environment is the focus of this article. Combining with the landscape planning and design of the administrative center in Xiangxiang city, the author strived to expound it in theory systematical y.

  11. ICT Road map for supporting energy systems in smart cities

    OpenAIRE

    Sepponen, Mari; Fiès, Bruno; García Castro, Raul

    2014-01-01

    This paper introduces a road map for ICTs (Information and communication technologies) supporting planning, operation and management of energy systems in smart cities. The road map summarises different elements that form energy systems in cities and proposes research and technical development (RTD) and innovation activities for the development and innovation of ICTs for holistic design, planning and operation of energy systems. In addition, synergies with other ICT systems for smart cities ar...

  12. Lynch, Urry and city marketing: Taking advantage of the city as a built and graphic image

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hospers, G-J.

    2009-01-01

    City marketing is usually addressed from the perspective of marketing theory. This article follows an alternative approach by exploring city marketing from the viewpoint of urban planning and the sociology of tourism. In his classic ‘The Image of the City’ (1960), planner Kevin Lynch found that peop

  13. Lines of sociological analysis of times policies in the city

    OpenAIRE

    Carmen Belloni

    1996-01-01

    1. Innovative elements 1.1. The city Interest in the city as a subject of study: the city is defined as an administrative and government unit, a morphological unit, a unit of identification. Definition of the city as a social entity: the city not only as an administrative and/or planning unit, but also as the result of the needs and behaviours of inhabitants and of city users. Analytical definition of the population: the citizens not as an undifferentiated unit, but as a plurality of actor...

  14. Lines of sociological analysis of times policies in the city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Belloni

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available 1. Innovative elements 1.1. The city Interest in the city as a subject of study: the city is defined as an administrative and government unit, a morphological unit, a unit of identification. Definition of the city as a social entity: the city not only as an administrative and/or planning unit, but also as the result of the needs and behaviours of inhabitants and of city users. Analytical definition of the population: the citizens not as an undifferentiated unit, but as a plurality of actor...

  15. 基于全球城市建设目标的上海滨海地带规划研究%Study on the Planning of Shanghai Coastal Zone Based on the Target of Constructing of Global City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾刚; 曹贤忠; 马双

    2015-01-01

    Based on the target of building Shanghai into a global city with the ability of allocation of global resources and strong international competitiveness and inlfuence, this paper systematically sorts out the problem of development of Shanghai coastal zone:the serious pollution of coastal waters, the low degree of land utilization, the weak industrial connections with Jiangsu and Zhejiang and the low quality of coastal residents’ life. Thereafter, this paper analyses the reasons:the stage of industrialization, the lack of interest-coordination mechanism, the serious hysteretic infrastructure construction and the high risk of natural disasters. To achieve the target of constructing global city, we suggest that the Shanghai coastal zone should be planned to build into a coastal urban system with the Lingang-Haiwan city union as the center. And, a new marine industry pattern of the Yangtze River Delta should be formed with the background high-end services of Shanghai international shipping center as the“core”, the bulk cargo logistics of Zhejiang and sea salt chemical industry of Jiangsu as the“wings”. Furthermore, we suggest that the Yangshan Port should be achieved more focuses and become the core of the great Shanghai port system, the start-up of the Hengsha Port construction plan should be delayed, the security system based on the rail transportation and wetland carbon base should be built.%从全球城市发展要求来看,上海滨海地带目前存在着近海水域污染严重、土地开发利用程度低、海岸带开发建设综合效益低、滨海区域产业发展与江浙联系不强、海洋产业能级不高等问题,这与上海所处的工业化阶段、利益协调机制的缺失、滨海地带基础设施建设严重滞后、自然灾害风险高等原因直接相关。为此,上海滨海地带应规划以临港新城、海湾新城为中心的滨海城镇体系,构建以上海国际航运“后台”高端服务为核心、浙

  16. Planning and Construction of Green Space Surrounding City Libraries Under High-density Background%高密度背景下城市图书馆周边绿地规划与建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王滢

    2012-01-01

    随着我国城市化和经济建设的快速发展,一座座高楼大厦鳞次栉比拔地而起,塑造了高密度的新城市景观。由于土地资源本身固有属性的限制,土地供需矛盾,尤其是高密度地区用地供需矛盾日益尖锐。图书馆建筑也出现低层向多层纵向发展的态势,其周边绿地表现出新的空间特征。在这种背景下如何做好绿地规划与建设,本文提出一些原则和方法,以期图书馆空间环境质量得到不断提高。%In recent years,with the development of national economic construction,many of new landmark library building is emerging.Because of the limitation of land resource,in high density areas,the land supply and demand contradiction is increasingly sharp.Under this background,this paper puts forward some principle and ways of planning and construction of green space surrounding high-density city libraries,in order to improve the environment quality of library space.

  17. Thinking on Core Factors for Planning and Construction of the 'Smart City'%关于“智慧城市”规划与建设核心因素的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋力群

    2013-01-01

      建设智慧城市已被许多城市视为城市发展新动力,智慧城市的规划与建设问题的研究具有十分重要的意义。通过阐述智慧城市产生的原因和动力、智慧城市建设的本质和发展趋势,分析世界范围智慧城市的关键点及上海智慧城市建设的着力点,提出智慧城市规划与建设的工作指导原则。%The paper tries to understand origin of the “smart city”, and nature and trend of the city development. It also analyzes the focus of construction of the“smart city”. For the objectives and tasks of construction of the“smart city”in Shanghai, the paper proposes seven guiding principles its planning and construction.

  18. Place of Convergence, Capital of Myth, and City Chasing Sea:A Study on Urban Identity of Lianyungang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    As one of the series of studies on the City Master Plan of Lianyungang (2008-2030), the study on the urban identity of Lianyungang City summarizes the context and the theories of urban identity, analyzes the basic components, influential factors, and current situations of urban identity of Lianyungang, clarifies the objectives of shaping the urban identity of the city, and puts forward a series of elements that are important for strengthening the urban identity of the city, such as city brands, city events, and perception spaces, etc. This paper is a synthesis of this study.

  19. Branding Cities, Changing Societies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ooi, Can-Seng

    Societal changes are seldom discussed in the literature on city branding. The time element is important because it highlights the fluctuating reality of society. The city brand message freezes the place but in fact, the city branding exercise is a continuous process. Society emerges too. City...... brands are supposed to accentuate the uniqueness of the city, be built from the bottom-up and reflect the city's identity. This paper highlights three paradoxes, pointing out that city branding processes can also make cities more alike, bring about societal changes and forge new city identities. A city...... branding campaign does not just present the city, it may change the city. The relationships between the branding exercise and the city are intertwined in the evolution of the place....

  20. Learning Cities as Healthy Green Cities: Building Sustainable Opportunity Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearns, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses a new generation of learning cities we have called EcCoWell cities (Economy, Community, Well-being). The paper was prepared for the PASCAL International Exchanges (PIE) and is based on international experiences with PIE and developments in some cities. The paper argues for more holistic and integrated development so that…

  1. Soft Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brix, Anders; Yoneda, Akira; Nakamura, Kiyoshi

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a project exploring sustainable ways of urban living. The project renders a scenario comprised of an array of simple conversions of existing urban spaces and buildings, in the attempt to tie strategies ranging from urban planning to interior design into a coherent vision...

  2. Microsensing networks for sustainable cities

    CERN Document Server

    Lambrechts, Johannes

    2016-01-01

    This book explores the microsensing technologies and systems now available to monitor the quality of air and water within the urban environment and examines their role in the creation of sustainable cities against the background of the challenges posed by rapid urbanization. The opening section addresses the theoretical and conceptual background of microsensing networks. The coverage includes detailed description of microsensors, supported by design-specific equations, and clear explanation of the ways in which devices that harvest energy from ambient sources can detect and quantify pollution. The practical application of such systems in addressing environmental impacts within cities and in sustainable urban planning is then discussed with the aid of case studies in developing countries. The book will be of interest to all who wish to understand the benefits of microsensing networks in promoting sustainable cities through better delivery of information on health hazards and improved provision of data to envir...

  3. The Impact And Planning Reform Of “Internet+” To City Space%“互联网+”时代的城市空间影响及规划变革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈虹; 刘雨菡

    2016-01-01

    City space is the core of geography and urban planning disciplines. Urban space development experienced ideal space, functional space, human space, sustainable space accompanied with industrialization. The society has exhibited self-organized, lfat, multiple, and fragmented trends in “internet+” age. The paper relfects the impact of internet+ on city space, argues space organization wil develop in imbalance, functional zoning wil dim, land use wil be more mixed, and public space wil be critical nodes of urban space. Due to self organization, technical support for public participation, and big data supported space research, urban space wil be more humanitarian with uncertainty in the future.%城市空间一直是城市地理学和城市规划的核心要素之一。伴随着工业化的进程,城市空间经历了理想空间—功能空间—人文空间—可持续综合空间的发展,在“互联网+”时代,社会组织又呈现出自组织、扁平、多元和碎片化的趋势。文章在梳理城市空间发展历程的基础上,思考“互联网+”时代对城市空间造成的影响,认为城市空间的组织将会趋向非均衡发展,城市功能分区将进一步模糊化,土地利用更加兼容混合,公共空间将成为城市空间的关键节点;同时,由于自组织化的时代特征、更广泛的技术支持公众参与及大数据支持空间研究,未来的城市空间尽管有多种不确定性,但其构成将会具有更多的人文因素以及导向的确定性。

  4. 以信息化的规划建设城市信息化——记增城市村镇信息化平台建设%Constructing Urban Informatization Based on Informatization Planning -The construction of town- village informatization platform for Zengcheng city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈振宇; 何伟豪; 黄悦

    2011-01-01

    在广电网光纤基础上构建从规划局辐射至增城市1行政中心3街6镇的Vpn网络,同时搭载增城市规划管理信息系统,提高城市建设、管理及服务部门的管理水平和政府科学决策能力.%The project built the Vpn network from planning bureau to 1 administrative center,3 streets,and 6 towns of Zengcheng city based on Fiber Optics for Radio and TV Network. The Zengcheng planning management information system is the practical and technical system for urban planning,management and decision making,which can improve the management level and governmental scientific decision - making capability for urban planning,management,and services department.

  5. Urban structure, energy and planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Große, Juliane; Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje

    2016-01-01

    these cities go ahead when it comes to their national climate and energy policies and aim to establish urban planning as an instrument to regulate and influence the city’s transition in a sustainable way. At the same time, the cities are constantly facing goal conflicts and limitations to their scope of action......Transforming energy use in cities to address the threats of climate change and resource scarcity is a major challenge in urban development. This study takes stock of the state of energy in urban policy and planning and reveals potentials of and constraints to energy-efficient urban development....... The relationship between energy and urban structure provides a framework for discussing the role of urban planning to increase energy efficiency in cities by means of three in-depth case studies of medium-sized cities in Northern Europe: Eskilstuna in Sweden, Turku in Finland and Tartu in Estonia. In some ways...

  6. Spatial Development Strategy for Bole City, Xinjiang Province and Regulatory Plan and Urban Design for Bohe New Zone%新疆博乐市空间发展战略、博河新区控制性详细规划及城市设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纪立虎; 骆悰; 倪嘉; 李艳; 郭淳彬; 吴芳芳

    2013-01-01

    As an important node city of both Xinjiang and China toward the opening to Central Asia, the development of Bole City should seeking a new way of urbanization by co-ordinating the regional resources, while combined with its port characteristic. The plan enhances the practicability in order to write a new chapter in the development of Bole City by seizing the chance of the construction of Bohe New Zone, leading the plan with strategy and scientific concept, while innovate the organization and techniques of the planning.%  作为我国及新疆面向中亚的重要开放城市,新疆博乐市的发展应统筹区域资源、结合口岸特色,走出一条新型城镇化道路。规划抓住博河新区发展的有力契机,战略先行、规划引领、理念科学、对接实施,创新了规划编制方式、规划组织形式和规划技术手段,提升了规划可行性,谱写了博乐城市发展的新篇章。

  7. Pittsburgh City Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Pittsburgh City FacilitiesIncludes: City Administrative Buildings, Police Stations, Fire Stations, EMS Stations, DPW Sites, Senior Centers, Recreation Centers,...

  8. 资源型城市转型背景下的矿区工业园规划探索%A Study of Industrial Park Planning for Coal Resource-Based Cities in Transition Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李英

    2012-01-01

    资源型城市的转型是我国目前面临的重要课题之一,需破解产业动力、环境恢复、城乡统筹、可持续发展等诸多难题.在城市转型背景下的矿区工业园成为各种复杂问题和矛盾的焦点.通过分析矿区工业园在煤炭资源型城市转型中的地位与作用,总结其主要特征与面临的主要问题,并结合安徽淮北临涣工业园规划的实践探索,提出该类型工业园区规划的战略思路与技术方法,即运用多元统筹的指导思想,综合协调和解决园区选址与环境安全、产业发展与就业需求、产城矛盾、城乡统筹等问题.从宏观战略到空间落实,科学引导矿区工业园未来的发展,实现矿区工业园的产业多元化、产城互动和城乡一体化,为煤炭资源型城市的转型更好地发挥作用.%The transformation of coal resource-based cities is an important issue for our country. We need to solve many problems such as the industry momentum, environmental restoration, urban and rural co-ordination, sustainable develop-ment,etc. The mine industrial park became the focus of a variety of complex problems and contradictions in the context of urban transformation. By analyzing the status and role of the mining area industrial park in the coal resource-based cities, and summarizing its main features and the main problem, combining Huaibei the Linhuan Industrial Park planning practice and exploration, This paper proposes strategies and technical methods for this type of industrial park: through using of multiple co-ordinated the guiding ideology, trying to solve the conflict of the park location and environmental safety, balance the industrial development and employment needs, make the trade off of the industrial and urban, and arrange the urban and its rural areas, from the macroeconomic strategy to the space layout, the paper attempts to guide the future development of the mining area industrial park, implement the industrial

  9. Remedial action plan and site design for stabilization of the inactive uranium mill tailings site at Tuba City, Arizona: Phase 2, Construction, Subcontract documents: Appendix E, final report. [Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-08-01

    This appendix discusses Phase II construction and subcontract documents uranium mill site near Tuba City, Arizona. It contains the bid schedule, special conditions, specifications, and subcontract drawings.

  10. 数字城市地理空间框架建设在城乡规划信息化中的应用研究与实践--以长寿区规划局应用为例%Digital City Geographic Space Frame Construction In Urban And Rural Planning And Information Technology Research And Practice--Changshou District Planning as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱俊丰; 邓仕虎; 李莉

    2013-01-01

      In this paper, to the construction of the digital city geographical space and its application and demonstration of construction planning and management information system, for example on the idea of a digital city construction results, based on solving specific problems in the planning and management of business carried out by the system construction, file management in the planning, the application characteristics of the red line a map management, planning and approval of three-dimensional auxiliary and the actual results to show the ideas and ways and means of the digital city geographic space frame construction provide geospatial information support for government applications.%  以数字长寿地理空间框架及其应用示范建设中的规划管理信息系统建设为例,阐述了基于数字城市建设成果,立足于解决规划管理业务中具体问题而开展系统建设的思路,重点展示了系统在规划档案资料管理、红线一张图管理、三维辅助规划审批等方面的应用特点和实际效果,借此展现了数字城市地理空间框架建设为政务应用提供地理空间信息支撑的思路与方式方法。

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages - City Limit (polygon)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Data available online through GeoStor at http://www.geostor.arkansas.gov. Arkansas Cities: This data set contains all of the city limit boundaries within the state...

  12. Urban Investigation and Planning of Landscape Trees in Lu~an City%六安市城市园林绿化树种调查与规划设想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹文亮; 陈甘明

    2012-01-01

    Through the Liuan built- up urban area afforestation tree' s investigation and the statistics, in the present situation the application tree total has 65 branches 135 genus 257 kinds, the local woody index is 0.91 ; the Liuan city afforestation tree plant principle had determined, and chose the Chinese sweet gum, the weeping willow, the southern magnolia and the sweet - scented osmanthus 4 kinds as the main key tree seed, chose fragrant the camphor tree and so on 20 kinds as back- bone tree seed , chose the Chinese pinus montana and so on 312 kinds as common tree seed. This research results will in- struct Liuan in period of time (2011 -2030 years) to afforest the tree from now on the directed breeding plan, and standard afforestation tree t application.%通过对六安市城市建成区绿化树种的调查和统计,现状中应用的树种共计有65科135属257种,本地木本植物指数为0.91;确定了六安市城市绿化树种规划的原则,并选择枫香、垂柳、广玉兰和桂花4种为基调树种,选择香樟等骨干树种20种,选择华山松等一般树种312种。该研究成果将指导六安市今后一段时间内(2011—2030年)绿化树种的定向培育计划,并规范绿化树种的应用。

  13. 《城市公园规划与设计规范》编制和实施情况剖析%Analysis on Compilation and Implementation of the Code for City Park Planning and Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永雄

    2013-01-01

    The Guangzhou Landscaping administrative departments had organized and prepared a series of technical specifications in the last decade. However, the implementation of these specifications is not satisfactory. This article focuses on a general analysis about the compilation and implementation of the Code for City Park Planning and Design, which centralized the views of many experts who come from government departments, universities and design units. These views are based on the rigorous process of compilation of the Code.This article also proposes a solution to the problem which caused during the implementation process of the Code.Furthermore, Governments' support and promotion is the key to solve the problem of the implementation of these specifications.%最近十年,广州市园林绿化行政主管部门组织编制了10多部园林绿化系列技术规范,但实施情况并不理想。文章选取其中的《城市公园规划与设计规范》,对其编制和实施情况进行概括性的剖析。依据规范编制的严谨流程,提出《规范》是集中了相关政府部门、大专院校、设计单位专家智慧结晶的观点。并针对《规范》实施存在的问题,提出解决问题的建议,并指出政府部门的大力支持和积极推动是解决技术规范实施问题的关键。

  14. Sister Cities Flourish

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Building sister city relation,also known as friendsh ip city,is a common channel for cities in different countries to keep a closer tie and communication.According to the statistics from China International Friendship Cities Association,up to the end of 2007,1087 provinces and states and 314 cities from 120 countries in the world have found their sister cities in China.Among them,Japan has the largest amount of Chinese sister cities,that is 200 provinces and 33 cities,and takes up almost 17 percent of the total number.

  15. For a Safer City. A Friendlier City. And a More Beautiful City.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Busi

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The issue of the safety of mobility in the urban environment has been emerging as a primary social topic for some time now due to the number of casualties and, more generally, due to the impact on living conditions in the city. If correctly formulated, in fact, this subject has implications primarily and fundamentally with regard to the quality of urban life, as the citizen, and the vulnerable road user in particular, is severely restricted in their use of urban public paces. Consequently, an increasingly greater focus is being placed on acquiring methods, techniques and strategies for addressing the issue of planning, constructing and managing roads, squares and urban green spaces (and above all, applying the logic of reclaiming the historic and consolidated city in order that the city can be used to its full potential by the citizen. The subject itself therefore presents an opportunity to re-establish urban planning regulations (and, more generally, city regulations in accordance with the renewed interest in public spaces. The article discusses this matter and includes supporting elements and examples, also referring to the implications on the urban landscape.

  16. City positioning theories and city core competencies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xinquan; Zhu

    2007-01-01

    Gity positioning The Chinese city in a decision develops the topic of the destiny. Since the 90's of 20 centuries, the economic integral and globalization developed rapidly. The development make national boundary become not so important, the function of the city is increasingly outstanding. In other words, national competition ability is morally now on the city competition ability. At the same time, this development result that the industry is divided internationally and is divided in cities. Therefore, under the condition of globalization, if the city wants the superior development, it must take advantages and avoid shortage, to position the city accurately, establish the competition and development the strategy. The city positioning is clearly defined the city competition ability, more important it indicated the direction of the city development. Trough the analysis of the resource and environment of the city, decide an accurate position of the best function of the city, well configure the inner and outside resource, catch the opportunities,face the challenges, maximized the market share in order to maximized the wealth and city competition ability.

  17. Green cities, smart people and climate change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansouri Kouhestani, F.; Byrne, J. M.; Hazendonk, P.; Brown, M. B.; Harrison, T.

    2014-12-01

    Climate change will require substantial changes to urban environments. Cities are huge sources of greenhouse gases. Further, cities will suffer tremendously under climate change due to heat stresses, urban flooding, energy and water supply and demand changes, transportation problems, resource supply and demand and a host of other trials and tribulations. Cities that evolve most quickly and efficiently to deal with climate change will likely take advantage of the changes to create enjoyable, healthy and safer living spaces for families and communities. Technology will provide much of the capability to both mitigate and adapt our cities BUT education and coordination of citizen and community lifestyle likely offers equal opportunities to make our cities more sustainable and more enjoyable places to live. This work is the first phase of a major project evaluating urban mitigation and adaptation policies, programs and technologies. All options are considered, from changes in engineering, planning and management; and including a range of citizen and population-based lifestyle practices.

  18. Filling the Feedback Gap of Place-Related ‘Externalities’ in Smart Cities: Empowering citizen-sensor-networks for participatory monitoring and planning for a responsible distribution of urban air quality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Carton, L.J.; Ache, P.M.

    2015-01-01

    With this paper, we present the set-up of the pilot experiment in project “Smart Emission”, constructing an experimental citizen-sensor-network in the city of Nijmegen. This project, as part of research program ‘Maps 4 Society,’ is one of the currently running Smart City projects in the Netherlands.

  19. Sustainability and Competitiveness in Australian Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Hu

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This study injects sustainability into competitiveness to inform policy making and planning for contemporary urban development. This is built upon the recent advancement in the scholarship on urban competitiveness that demonstrates a clear deviation from an economic-centric approach to incorporate multiple dimensions of a city’s progress. This study has an explicit concern for environmental sustainability and its relationship with urban competitiveness and their conceptual and methodological articulations. Empirically, this study measures the sustainability and competitiveness in Australian cities and reveals that Australia’s urban progress is clearly associated with an environmental cost. The findings are useful to inform policy making and planning for building sustainable and competitive cities. Apart from the conventional solutions that focus on urban form change and transport infrastructure improvement, this study suggests a need to explore the opportunities deriving from the emerging smart city planning and practice.

  20. Influential Aspects of the Smart City

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marinovici, Maria C.; Kirkham, Harold; Widergren, Steven E.

    2016-01-05

    Using millions of sensors in everyday objects, smart cities will generate petabytes of data, and it will be delivered to multiple users via networks. Multi-disciplinary inter-operability is essential. We propose system engineering management, with multidisciplinary teams as an effective way to deliver real change. Their goal is to develop intelligent and integrated services through the use of digital technologies and open collaboration. We also caution that the process cannot be entirely planned ahead of time, it must be allowed to evolve. New technology will change the game (where does a 3-D printer fit into a smart city?). Municipal planning means central planning – not known for its sensitivity to reality. A successful smart city will include lots of feedback mechanisms for the citizenry.

  1. Urban and spatial planning in Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marin Tominaga

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to introduce the urban and spatial planning inJapan. According to the national planning system of Japan, chapter 2, the planning system has 3 administrative levels and each territorial region has its own regulation. This paper introduces especially about planning and regulation system in city region in Japan.

  2. 3D City Models with Different Temporal Characteristica

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bodum, Lars

    2005-01-01

    3D city models are mostly seen as static or at least as background for various animations types. In the last couple of years, experts have realized that 3D city models (technical maps of the future) should be maintained in order to be used in a continuous and dynamical planning and administration....... Therefore it is important that temporal information is attached to the different parts of a city model so that it can be used as part of metadata for city models. Another and just as important use of time is related to the temporal characteristics of the 3D city models. There is a huge difference between...... traditional static city models and those models that are built for realtime applications. The difference between the city models applies both to the spatial modelling and also when using the phenomenon time in the models. If the city models are used in visualizations without any variation in time or when...

  3. INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION OF SHENYANG CITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Ping-yu

    2003-01-01

    Industrial transformation represents a unique economic phenomenon in China's regional economy,and old industrial city reconstruction has long been a key problem that affects state security. As a typical old indus-trial city in China, Shenyang established its heavy industrial city position in the First Five-year Plan period (1953-1957), and this industrial structure has been consolidated for a long time. After 1978, Shenyang began its long last-ing industrial reconstruction in an all-round way by 3 main initiatives including restructuring economic system, up-grading traditional industrial technology and developing high-tech industry. In the end of the 1990s, it could be I-dentified that remarkable structural changes took place in city economy at large as well as individual industrial sec-tor. According to the GDP proportion change, Shenyang is on the way to a high level industrial structure. The sec-ondary industry also engendered significant shifting as smelting and textile industry declined sharply but IT industry increased largely. Although the ratio of the heavy industry to the light industry changed periodically, the heavy in-dustrial output value most time kept a high proportion over 60% of the gross industrial output value in the past five decades. Shenyang has favorable conditions for developing equipment manufacturing industry, but it should carry out the program by establishing its leading role in urban economy plan, building "Theme Industrial Parks", improv-ing Tiexi Industrial Zone, removing any kind of system barrier, enlarging private and other ownerships economy and improving technology, marketing and management by IT application. In response to economy globalization,Shenyang needs to expand the cooperation worldwide and improve the cohesion with surrounding cities.

  4. Dilemmas of energy efficient urban development in three Nordic cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Große, Juliane; Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje

    Energy is high on the agenda of the European Union and in current urban development. In this study we focus on the role of urban planning in energy efficiency in 3 Northern European cities - Turku (FI), Eskilstuna (SE) and Tartu (EE). The case studies were developed in close collaboration between...... the authors and representatives of the cities. The research was carried out by field trips, interviews and analysis of local reports and planning documents. This work was done in the framework of the EU-FP7 project PLEEC (Planning for energy efficient cities), GA no. 314704, www.pleecproject.eu...

  5. Water changed the cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elle, Morten; Jensen, Marina Bergen

    An improvement in water infrastructure and cleaning up the waters changed many harbour cities in Denmark at the beginning of the 90s. The harbour cities changed from drity, run-down industrial harbours to clean and attractive harbour dwelling creating new city centres and vital city areas...

  6. Study on Stakeholders’Appeal in Regulatory Planning Adjustment:A Case Study of Plan Adjustment of Reservation Land around Rail Transit Station in Beijing’s Inner City%控制性详细规划调整中的利益相关者诉求研究*--以北京市中心城轨道交通站点储备用地的规划调整为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋丽青; 林坚; 马晨越

    2014-01-01

    基于公共产品理论和利益相关者理论,以北京市中心城轨道交通站点储备用地1999年、2006年控制性详细规划调整为切入点,分析政府、开发单位、公众、设计单位等利益主体的权力分配与利益诉求。构建多元利益主体博弈的一般框架,指出旧城区控制性详细规划调整过程中以权力分配倾斜化、关注对象区别化、利益诉求差别化为特征的不均衡现状,建议我国旧城区控制性详细规划实践注重:划定底线,制定针对性的保护原则;设施先行,提升土地开发潜力;制度为本,明确可能的利益主体的权责。%According to public goods theory and stakeholder theory, the adjustments of Beijing’s regulatory detailed planning on reservation land around rail transit station in inner city between 1999 and 2006 are analyzed, which shows the power and appeal of the stakeholders. The frame of games between stakeholders is made, which indicates three identities of regulatory detailed planning adjustment in old city: the imbalanced power, the diverse object and the different interest. Suggestions are put forward for the practice of regulatory detailed planning in old city.

  7. Energy and urban planning

    OpenAIRE

    Fertner, Christian

    2015-01-01

    How can spatial planning reduce energy use in our cities? How do differentgeographical, regional, cultural or political contexts influence our options? Howcan we measure and monitor its effects? And where do we set the boundaries forthe definition of action and goals? Findings from the international EU-FP7 projectPLEEC (‘Planning for energy efficient cities’, 2013-2016) and spin-off projects listoptions and challenges.

  8. Water for cities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    eighth country to have joined the programme recently. In a relatively short span of time this programme has created a new demand-side focus in water management. By cutting down on wastes and containing excessive demand, several cities have clearly demonstrated how service coverage, especially to the urban poor, could be extended with modest additional investments. Catchment management strategies, introduced by the programme in the participating cities, are demonstrating practical application of integrated water resource management at the local level. The programme provides a unique platform to bring together diverse stakeholders from the urban, water and environment sectors and community groups into action-planning, monitoring and implementation of local environment management of water resources. Some of these community groups have, within a short time, become effective lobbies for bargaining with local authorities with a diversity of issues such as local environmental management, protecting their livelihoods, promoting investment etc. The regional activities of the programme are extending its outreach and benefits to other cities in the continent through sharing of information and experience on good practices and through policy dialogues and research. Recently, the programme has launched a major water education initiative in African cities and a comprehensive capacity building programme is currently under way

  9. 解析新型城镇化背景下的镇中心区规划--以中山市板芙镇新中心区规划为例%Analysis on the Central Town Planning under the Background of New Urbanization--Taking New Central District Planning of Banfu Town, Zhongshan City as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱建武

    2014-01-01

    新型城镇化是以城乡统筹、城乡一体、产城互动、节约集约、生态宜居、和谐发展为基本特征的城镇化,是大中小城市、小城镇、新型农村社区协调发展、互促共进的城镇化。做好镇级中心区规划,将会对城乡一体化起到至关重要的作用。%New urbanization is the urbanization with essential features of urban-rural development balance, urban-rural inte-gration, production and city’s interaction, saving and intensive, ecological and livable and developing harmoniously. With it, cities, smal towns and new- type rural communities develop harmoniously and promote each others. It wil play a crucial role in urban and rural integration to complete the township central planning.

  10. Diagnosing Beijing 2020: Mapping the Ungovernable City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin Visser

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Beijing Municipality, characterised by the ‘off-ground’ architecture distinguishing neo-liberal privatisation, is attempting to mitigate the damaging effects of rampant development on the social fabric, cultural heritage, and the environment by adopting sustainable urban planning. I argue that the sustainability rhetoric in the Beijing Municipality 2020 Plans functions in part as strategic metaphors masking unnamed, imminent threats to governance. In this article I diagnose four Beijing plans (Beijing 2006-2015 ‘Rail Transit Plan’ for Compact City, Beijing 2005-2020 ‘Underground Space Plan’ for Alternative Space, Beijing 2006-2020 ‘Undeveloped Area Plan’ for Ecological Responsibility, and Beijing 2006-2010 ‘Low-income Housing Plan’ for Affordability and Liveability. A diagrammatics of the plans illuminates not so much a mapping of Beijing’s future as the forms of spontaneity preoccupying the nation at this historical juncture. The Beijing 2020 plan, as city mapping more generally, discloses the imminence of ungovernable city. The fact that citizens are demanding greater authority over Beijing governance suggests that radical alterations to its urban fabric and quality of life have incited the imminent sociability that is the city.

  11. Perspectives for Sustainable Urban Transport Planning in Irkutsk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Engel

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Mobility is a strong demand of urban societies and transport systems are backbones of urban life – in Russian cities like in other cities all over the world. Transport planning has to be understood as an integral part of urban development and urban planning. The report discusses problems and chances for sustainable urban transport planning in Irkutsk.

  12. Masdar City : A Model of Urban Environmental Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kapil Bajaj

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Masdar City is an archeology project in Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates. Its core is a planned city, which is being built by Masdar, a subsidiary of Mubadala Development Company, with the majority of seed capital provided by the government of Abu Dhabi. Designed by the British architectural firm Foster and Partners and engineering and environmental consultancy Mott MacDonald, the city will rely entirely on solar energy and other renewable energy sources, with a zero waste ecology. It initially aimed to be a sustainable zero-carbon car-free city. . This article is a case study about "Masdar City," a planned carbon-neutral town in Abu Dhabi. The article describes the key characteristics of Masdar City.

  13. “A Greener, Greater New York" : Study on the New Plan of New York City%《更葱绿、更美好的纽约》——新一轮纽约规划评述与启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何丹; 朱小平; 王梦珂

    2011-01-01

    PlaNYC was released in 2007, trying to solve three urgent problems : growth, an aging infrastructure and an increasingly precarious environment. The main difference distinguishes the new plan from the past ones is its standing point, which does not only focus on solving immediate crises, but also have thoughts about the future. The new plan started from a holistic approach, and planners realized the approach of "one-size fits all" couldn't work out. The purpose is to develop a plan that can become a model for cities in the 21st century. First, the paper reviews the history of city planning of New York City, then studies the new plan which is divided into the following parts : land, water, transportation, energy, air and climate change. The main goal is to learn experience from New York City, which would provide implications to urban development of China in the future.%2007年纽约新一轮综合规划出台,该规划旨在解决纽约城市当时面临的三大最紧迫问题:增长、基础设施老化和环境恶化.其与历年规划的主要区别在于立意点的不同,不仅对现实挑战作出回应,同时也对纽约城市的长远发展有所考虑,将现实与未来发展相结合,从而改变了传统规划“一劳永逸”的观念.作为世界性城市的纽约,希望以自身的实际行动为其他城市做出表率.本文首先对纽约历年相关城市规划进行回顾,然后从土地、水资源、交通、能源、空气、气候变化几方面对新规划进行解读,以期对中国城市的未来发展有所启示.

  14. Study of City Landscape Heritage Using Lidar Data and 3d-City Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubinowicz, P.; Czynska, K.

    2015-04-01

    In contemporary town planning protection of urban landscape is a significant issue. It regards especially those cities, where urban structures are the result of ages of evolution and layering of historical development process. Specific panoramas and other strategic views with historic city dominants can be an important part of the cultural heritage and genius loci. Other hand, protection of such expositions introduces limitations for future based city development. Digital Earth observation techniques creates new possibilities for more accurate urban studies, monitoring of urbanization processes and measuring of city landscape parameters. The paper examines possibilities of application of Lidar data and digital 3D-city models for: a) evaluation of strategic city views, b) mapping landscape absorption limits, and c) determination protection zones, where the urbanization and buildings height should be limited. In reference to this goal, the paper introduces a method of computational analysis of the city landscape called Visual Protection Surface (VPS). The method allows to emulate a virtual surface above the city including protection of a selected strategic views. The surface defines maximum height of buildings in such a way, that no new facility can be seen in any of selected views. The research includes also analyses of the quality of simulations according the form and precision of the input data: airborne Lidar / DSM model and more advanced 3D-city models (incl. semantic of the geometry, like in CityGML format). The outcome can be a support for professional planning of tall building development. Application of VPS method have been prepared by a computer program developed by the authors (C++). Simulations were carried out on an example of the city of Dresden.

  15. Policymaking in European healthy cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Leeuw, Evelyne; Green, Geoff; Spanswick, Lucy; Palmer, Nicola

    2015-06-01

    This paper assesses policy development in, with and for Healthy Cities in the European Region of the World Health Organization. Materials for the assessment were sourced through case studies, a questionnaire and statistical databases. They were compiled in a realist synthesis methodology, applying theory-based evaluation principles. Non-response analyses were applied to ascertain the degree of representatives of the high response rates for the entire network of Healthy Cities in Europe. Further measures of reliability and validity were applied, and it was found that our material was indicative of the entire network. European Healthy Cities are successful in developing local health policy across many sectors within and outside government. They were also successful in addressing 'wicked' problems around equity, governance and participation in themes such as Healthy Urban Planning. It appears that strong local leadership for policy change is driven by international collaboration and the stewardship of the World Health Organization. The processes enacted by WHO, structuring membership of the Healthy City Network (designation) and the guidance on particular themes, are identified as being important for the success of local policy development. PMID:26069314

  16. Policymaking in European healthy cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Leeuw, Evelyne; Green, Geoff; Spanswick, Lucy; Palmer, Nicola

    2015-06-01

    This paper assesses policy development in, with and for Healthy Cities in the European Region of the World Health Organization. Materials for the assessment were sourced through case studies, a questionnaire and statistical databases. They were compiled in a realist synthesis methodology, applying theory-based evaluation principles. Non-response analyses were applied to ascertain the degree of representatives of the high response rates for the entire network of Healthy Cities in Europe. Further measures of reliability and validity were applied, and it was found that our material was indicative of the entire network. European Healthy Cities are successful in developing local health policy across many sectors within and outside government. They were also successful in addressing 'wicked' problems around equity, governance and participation in themes such as Healthy Urban Planning. It appears that strong local leadership for policy change is driven by international collaboration and the stewardship of the World Health Organization. The processes enacted by WHO, structuring membership of the Healthy City Network (designation) and the guidance on particular themes, are identified as being important for the success of local policy development.

  17. Discussion on the Development Planning of the Charging Infrastructure of Electric Vehicle -- Taking the City of Suqian in Jiangsu Province as an Example%浅谈电动汽车充电设施的发展规划--以江苏省宿迁市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马鑫; 朱江

    2014-01-01

    This paper taking the development plan of the ch- arging infrastructure of the electric vehicle of Suqian city in Jiangsu Province as an example, through the forecast of el- ectric vehicle in Suqian city and the type selection of charging infrastructure, and according to the corresponding principles, made a reasonable layout for charging facilities to meet the demand of electric vehicle charging.%本文以江苏省宿迁市电动汽车充电设施发展规划为例,通过对宿迁市电动汽车保有量预测、充电设施类型选择,并根据相应的原则,对充电设施进行了合理的布局,以满足电动汽车的充电需求。

  18. Underground space planning in Helsinki

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilkka Vähäaho

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper gives insight into the use of underground space in Helsinki, Finland. The city has an underground master plan (UMP for its whole municipal area, not only for certain parts of the city. Further, the decision-making history of the UMP is described step-by-step. Some examples of underground space use in other cities are also given. The focus of this paper is on the sustainability issues related to urban underground space use, including its contribution to an environmentally sustainable and aesthetically acceptable landscape, anticipated structural longevity and maintaining the opportunity for urban development by future generations. Underground planning enhances overall safety and economy efficiency. The need for underground space use in city areas has grown rapidly since the 21st century; at the same time, the necessity to control construction work has also increased. The UMP of Helsinki reserves designated space for public and private utilities in various underground areas of bedrock over the long term. The plan also provides the framework for managing and controlling the city's underground construction work and allows suitable locations to be allocated for underground facilities. Tampere, the third most populated city in Finland and the biggest inland city in the Nordic countries, is also a good example of a city that is taking steps to utilise underground resources. Oulu, the capital city of northern Finland, has also started to ‘go underground’. An example of the possibility to combine two cities by an 80-km subsea tunnel is also discussed. A new fixed link would generate huge potential for the capital areas of Finland and Estonia to become a real Helsinki-Tallinn twin city.

  19. An optimization approach and its application for environmental planning of tourism city (Ⅰ)Inexact multi-objective programming model%旅游城市环境规划优化方法与应用研究(Ⅰ)不确定性多目标规划模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈冰; Rui,Zou; 等

    2001-01-01

    Based on the environmental characters of tourism city, such as complexity, multi-objectivity, dynamic and uncertainty, the Inexact Fuzzy Multi-objective Programming (IFMOP) model is proposed to deal with the problem of environmental planning and optimizing in tourism city. The Inexact Fuzzy Multi-objective Programming Model for Urban Tourism Environmental System was built. The process of building model and its solution can sufficiently reflect the characters of environmental system in tourism city. At the same time, the conflict between environmental and economic objectives can be coordinated efficiently. The study provides a useful tool for the work of environmental planning in tourism city.%以旅游城市环境系统的综合性、多目标性、动态性和不确定性的特征出发,提出用不确定性模糊多目标规划(IFMOP)模型来解决旅游城市环境规划优化问题.通过建立旅游城市环境不确定性模糊多目标规划系统模型(IFMOPMTCE),使旅游城市环境系统的特性在模型建立和求解过程中得以充分反映,同时也有效地协调了环境经济等目标之间的矛盾与冲突,该研究为旅游城市环境规划工作提供了一种较为有力的工具.

  20. Rare Plants - City of San Diego [ds455

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — The Biological Monitoring Plan (BMP; Ogden 1996) for the Multiple Species Conservation Program (MSCP) was developed in 1996 and is a component of the City of San...

  1. Port-city development in Rotterdam: A true love story

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aarts, M.; Daamen, T.A.; Huijs, M.; De Vries, W.

    2012-01-01

    This article tells the story of how city and the port have found a joint development strategy for Rotterdam’s CityPorts during the past decade. The process has resulted in more realistic, so-called ‘organic’ development plans, which mark the emergence of a new relationship between the port and the c

  2. Sustainable densification and greenification in the inner city of Rotterdam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beurden, J.B.V.; Doepel, D.; Tillie, N.

    2013-01-01

    Many cities are developing and implementing plans for urban restructuring and densification. The Municipality of Rotterdam has explored a number of strategies with the aim of creating a more attractive, lively city centre through densification and greenification. This study has researched what the a

  3. Environmental conflicts in compact cities : complexity, decisionmaking, and policy approaches

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Roo, G

    2000-01-01

    In most parts of Europe compact city policies have become a popular means of planning for sustainability. Dense compact cities were seen as solutions to reduce continually increasing mobility. They were also seen as a way to avoid urbanization of the countryside. Lately planners have been expressing

  4. Distribution and Determining of Tourist Attractions and Modeling of Tourist Cities for the City of Isfahan-Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Seifolddini-Faranak; M. S. Fard; Hosseini Ali

    2009-01-01

    Problem statement: Cities have different attractions and usually have tourists. But Management and development sustainable tourist activities needs planning. Approach: This research used survey method and taxonomy analysis to study the spatial pattern of tourist attractions in Isfahan city. Isfahan city is chosen because of numerous tourist attractions and its importance at national and regional level and also its multi role. The research was done from March to November 2008. Results: The res...

  5. Complexity, cognition and the city

    CERN Document Server

    Portugali, Juval

    2011-01-01

    Complexity, Cognition and the City aims at a deeper understanding of urbanism, while invoking, on an equal footing, the contributions both the hard and soft sciences have made, and are still making, when grappling with the many issues and facets of regional planning and dynamics. In this work, the author goes beyond merely seeing the city as a self-organized, emerging pattern of some collective interaction between many stylized urban "agents" – he makes the crucial step of attributing cognition to his agents and thus raises, for the first time, the question on how to deal with a complex system composed of many interacting complex agents in clearly defined settings. Accordingly, the author eventually addresses issues of practical relevance for urban planners and decision makers. The book unfolds its message in a largely nontechnical manner, so as to provide a broad interdisciplinary readership with insights, ideas, and other stimuli to encourage further research – with the twofold aim of further pushing ba...

  6. Commuting in a polycentric city

    CERN Document Server

    Roth, Camille; Batty, Michael; Barthelemy, Marc

    2010-01-01

    The spatial arrangement of urban hubs and centers and how individuals interact with these centers is a crucial problem with many applications ranging from urban planning to epidemiology. We utilize here in an unprecedented manner the large scale, real-time 'Oyster' card database of individual person movements in the London subway to reveal the structure and organization of the city. We show that patterns of intraurban movement are strongly heterogeneous in terms of volume, but not in distance, and that there is a polycentric structure composed of simple flow patterns organized around a limited number of activity centers arranged in a hierarchical way. This new understanding can shed light on the impact of new urban projects on the evolution of the polycentric configuration of a city and provides an initial approach to modeling flows in an urban system.

  7. City evacuations an interdisciplinary approach

    CERN Document Server

    Binner, Jane; Branicki, Layla; Galla, Tobias; Jones, Nick; King, James; Kolokitha, Magdalini; Smyrnakis, Michalis

    2015-01-01

    Evacuating a city is a complex problem that involves issues of governance, preparedness education, warning, information sharing, population dynamics, resilience and recovery. As natural and anthropogenic threats to cities grow, it is an increasingly pressing problem for policy makers and practitioners.   The book is the result of a unique interdisciplinary collaboration between researchers in the physical and social sciences to consider how an interdisciplinary approach can help plan for large scale evacuations.  It draws on perspectives from physics, mathematics, organisation theory, economics, sociology and education.  Importantly it goes beyond disciplinary boundaries and considers how interdisciplinary methods are necessary to approach a complex problem involving human actors and increasingly complex communications and transportation infrastructures.   Using real world case studies and modelling the book considers new approaches to evacuation dynamics.  It addresses questions of complexity, not only ...

  8. Planning Kabul: The politics of urbanization in Afghanistan

    OpenAIRE

    Calogero, Pietro Anders

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation is an analysis of how the city of Kabul is being planned. This study addresses a gap in planning scholarship, which rarely focuses on the planning of cities in "developing" countries. Kabul is uniquely important in the geopolitics of security; and at the same time, Kabul is a mid-sized, rapidly-growing city with limited resources and substantial constraints to effective governing. In these respects, the case of Kabul is representative of the way most of the world's urbanizat...

  9. Green space development in shrinking cities – opportunities and constraints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefanie Rößler

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Green space development means both a strategy and a need to cope with the spatial transformation of cities as a consequence of socio-demographic change. This paper focuses on the opportunities and challenges of planning and implementing green spaces in shrinking cities. Based on a doctoral thesis, empirical results regarding the relevance of green spaces and strategies in the process of urban restructuring will be discussed. Concerned cities develop specific framework concepts to face spatial transformation. It is assumed that in shrinking cities the influence of green spaces and as well as their significance for urban form will change. Results of case studies in shrinking cities of Eastern Germany will be discussed with regard to their strategies and the instruments facing the challenges of green space development. The presented findings might be also relevant for urban development in (partially growing cities, enhancing green space development as a part of sustainable cities.

  10. From Green Building to Low Carbon Eco-City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    After reviewing the development of energy-saving construction and green buildings in China,the author suggests that in order to develop low carbon cities in China,efforts should be put into both green buildings construction and low carbon ecologic city development.The paper divides the low-carbon ecologic cities into four categories and summarizes the experiences gained from the ecologic city development in Sino-Singapore Ecologic City in Tianjin and Caofeidian in Tangshan.In addition,it also introduces the general idea for low carbon city development in China and the particular requirements for the planning and construction,as well as the critical techniques for low carbon ecologic city development.

  11. European Strategies for Smarter Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Barresi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available On a worldwide scale, cities and regions must tackle the challenges set by the radical change in our society and in our economy, aiming to develop effective public policies and boost their managerial, evaluation and planning skills. Anyway, it is essential to put a new idea of city at the centre of the smart strategies in order to bring policies back to their former central position, since technologies alone cannot generate welfare and prosperity. Local leadership, integrated planning and a rich social fabric go hand in hand, the social capital being able to produce an added value for the cities. We are exactly in a new phase of urban growth centred on the economy of services characterized by widespread digital technologies and new innovative organization patterns, which encourage the participation in the civic policy processes through the realization of structures to share information and data so as to define intervention policies. The most recent studies and trials about innovation and competitiveness, such as the examples illustrated in the present work (Amsterdam, Paredes, Aarhus and Gent show a growing interest in measuring the relationship between innovation and economic growth at various territorial levels, key factors in conceiving inclusive smart strategies, linked to principles of sustainability and territorial cohesion, and building smarter cities. In the light of these remarks, the article is divided into three parts: the first part is focussed on the above-mentioned central issues of the international debate; the second part examines four significant European initiatives; the third part draws preliminary conclusions and directions for further research.

  12. Smart Energy City Development in Europe: Towards Successful Implementation

    OpenAIRE

    Mosannenzadeh, Farnaz

    2016-01-01

    Smart energy city (SEC) development is a component of the urban development initiative smart city, which has been a popular response to the global energy challenge in Europe during the past two decades. SEC development aims to increase the sustainability of urban energy systems and services. Since 2011, SEC development has been supported by the European Commission as part of the Strategic Energy Technology plan (SET-Plan) and through the European Union Programmes for Research and Technologica...

  13. Smart Cities and National Energy Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thellufsen, Jakob Zinck

    resources, and smart cities and local development do not relate to national targets and fail to evaluate sub-optimization. Thus, there is a need for approaches that help researchers creating links between country analyses and local energy system transitions. This paper investigates the effects......Energy system analysis follows two tracks, either through plans for future transitions of national energy systems, or local development of smart cities and regions. These two tracks seldom overlap. National plans neglect the local implementation of intermittent renewable technology and use of local...... of such an approach, by investigating Western Denmark. By splitting Western Denmark into regions, it is possible to create individual energy systems for each region. Through interconnection, these regions can exchange electricity with each other. This enables analyses of interaction between smart cities and national...

  14. European Cities in the World City Network

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. Taylor (Peter)

    2003-01-01

    textabstractThis is primarily an empirical paper that brings together selected results from the GaWC research programme. The latter studies inter-city relations at a global scale. Empirical research is based upon a model of world city network network formation as a product of the location strategies

  15. City Car = The City Car / Andres Sevtshuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sevtshuk, Andres, 1981-

    2008-01-01

    Massachusettsi Tehnoloogiainstituudi (MIT) meedialaboratooriumi juures tegutseva Targa Linna Grupi (Smart City Group) ja General Motorsi koostööna sündinud kaheistmelisest linnasõbralikust elektriautost City Car. Nimetatud töögrupi liikmed (juht William J. Mitchell, töögruppi kuulus A. Sevtshuk Eestist)

  16. Strategic Choice of Low-carbon City Construction from the Perspective of Urban Planning:Case Study of Yinchuan,Ningxia%城市规划视角下构建低碳城市的战略选择--以宁夏银川市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于婕; 丁冬梅

    2013-01-01

    Through the explanation of low-carbon concept and the practical analysis of low-carbon city construction of Yinchuan and drawing lessons from the experience at home and broad, this article proposes scientific urban planning strategy to promote low-carbon development of Yinchuan.%文章通过对低碳概念的阐述以及对银川市进行低碳城市建设的现实分析,并借鉴国内外经验,提出科学合理的城市规划以引领银川市低碳城市的发展。

  17. From the network city to the neo-liberal city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ribeiro, Gustavo

    2005-01-01

    , the forging of regional identities, the impact of information technologies on urban development, the development of networked infrastructures (transport, telecommunications) and spatial consequences such as the changing status of public space, social polarization, amongst others. The central purpose......-mentioned themes. What concrete issues are they facing in their day-to-day practice? What is the impact of global economies on urban development and planning in each of these cities? How are urban transformations taking place, such as urban restructuring, the implementation of new infrastructure and key urban...

  18. Energy and urban planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian

    How can spatial planning reduce energy use in our cities? How do different geographical, regional, cultural or political contexts influence our options? How can we measure and monitor its effects? And where do we set the boundaries for the definition of action and goals? Findings from the interna......How can spatial planning reduce energy use in our cities? How do different geographical, regional, cultural or political contexts influence our options? How can we measure and monitor its effects? And where do we set the boundaries for the definition of action and goals? Findings from...... the international EU-FP7 project PLEEC (‘Planning for energy efficient cities’, 2013-2016) and spin-off projects list options and challenges....

  19. Modelling the energy transition in cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huber, Felix [Wuppertal Univ. (Germany). Dept. of Civil Engineering; Schwarze, Bjoern; Spiekermann, Klaus; Wegener, Michael [Spiekermann und Wegener Urban and Regional Research, Dortmund (Germany)

    2013-09-01

    The history of cities is a history of energy transitions. In the medieval city heating and cooking occurred with wood and peat. The growth of the industrial city in the 19th century was built on coal and electricity. The sprawling metropolis of the 20th century was made possible by oil and gas. How will the city of the 21st century look after the next energy transition from fossil to renewable energy? This paper reports on the extension of an urban land-use transport interaction model to a model of the energy transition in the Ruhr Area, a five-million agglomeration in Germany. The paper presents the planned model extensions and how they are to be integrated into the model and shows first preliminary results.

  20. A Crowded City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Over 4 million vehicles on road challenge Beijing’s city management Beijing, the city once known as the kingdom of bicycles, has become clogged with automobiles, the Beijing Municipal Government Publicity Office said on December 18.