WorldWideScience

Sample records for city housing authority

  1. New York Power Authority/New York City Housing Authority refrigerator replacement program, first program year evaluation. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kinney, L.F.; Lewis, G. [Synertech Systems Corp., Syracuse, NY (United States); Pratt, R.G.; Miller, J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1997-08-01

    Acting as an energy services provider, the New York Power Authority (NYPA) has initiated a long-term project through which 20,000 refrigerators per year will be replaced with the most energy-efficient units possible in apartments managed by the New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA). Using bulk purchasing as an incentive to appliance manufacturers to produce energy-efficient refrigerators suitable for use in apartments, replaced in the first year of the program, which ended in December 1996. These units, kWh per year. Savings were determined by field testing and laboratory testing of 220 existing refrigerators and 56 newly-installed units. In the next program year, a 15.0-cubic-foot Maytag refrigerator, newly-designed in response to bulk purchasing incentives, is being installed. The new unit has a label rating of 437 kWh per year, 31 percent better than 1993 energy standards. Old refrigerators removed from apartments are {open_quotes}demanufactured{close_quotes} in an environmentally-appropriate way and both metals and refrigerants are recovered for reuse.

  2. The New York Power Authority`s energy-efficient refrigerator program for the New York City Housing Authority -- 1997 savings evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pratt, R.G.; Miller, J.D.

    1998-09-01

    This document describes the estimation of the annual energy savings achieved from the replacement of 20,000 refrigerators in New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA) public housing with new, highly energy-efficient models in 1997. The US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) pays NYCHA`s electricity bills, and agreed to reimburse NYCHA for the cost of the refrigerator installations. Energy savings over the lifetime of the refrigerators accrue to HUD. Savings were demonstrated by a metering project and are the subject of the analysis reported here. The New York Power Authority (NYPA) identified the refrigerator with the lowest life-cycle cost, including energy consumption over its expected lifetime, through a request for proposals (RFP) issued to manufacturers for a bulk purchase of 20,000 units in 1997. The procurement was won by Maytag with a 15-ft{sup 3} top-freezer automatic-defrost refrigerator rated at 437 kilowatt-hours/year (kWh/yr). NYCHA then contracted with NYPA to purchase, finance, and install the new refrigerators, and demanufacture and recycle materials from the replaced units. The US Department of Energy (DOE) helped develop and plan the project through the ENERGY STAR{reg_sign} Partnerships program conducted by its Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). PNNL designed the metering protocol and occupant survey used in 1997, supplied and calibrated the metering equipment, and managed and analyzed the data collected by NYPA. The objective of the 1997 metering study was to achieve a general understanding of savings as a function of refrigerator label ratings, occupant effects, indoor and compartment temperatures, and characteristics (such as size, defrost features, and vintage). The data collected in 1997 was used to construct models of refrigerator energy consumption as a function of key refrigerator and occupant characteristics.

  3. Housing Booms and City Centers

    OpenAIRE

    Edward L. Glaeser; Joshua D. Gottlieb; Kristina Tobio

    2012-01-01

    Popular discussions often treat the great housing boom of the 1996-2006 period as if it were a national phenomenon with similar impacts across locales, but across metropolitan areas, price growth was dramatically higher in warmer, less educated cities with less initial density and higher initial housing values. Within metropolitan areas, price growth was faster in neighborhoods closer to the city center. The centralization of price growth during the boom was particularly dramatic in those met...

  4. Assisted Housing - Public Housing Authorities - National Geospatial Data Asset (NGDA)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — Public Housing was established to provide decent and safe rental housing for eligible low-income families, the elderly, and persons with disabilities. Public...

  5. Dose by 222 Rn in houses of the Chihuahua city

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    the radon was made every 10 minutes during three continuous days, with the AlphaGUARD Pro2000 equipment that also measures atmospheric parameters. The obtained data were analyzed with the Genitron software and was analyzed the variation of the radon concentration with the atmospheric parameters and a hours in that the person is in the room. Finally they were carried out the dosimetry calculations due to the radon in air, adding it with the dose received by floor and water due to the natural radionuclides. As it was expected, the city of Chihuahua when being on an uranifer floor and the materials of construction of housings are elaborated starting from this floor, high concentrations were presented of 222Rn. The third part of the houses had a bigger average to the 148 Bq/m3 in air, with values average for the whole day of up to 276 Bq/m3, as well as maxima values near to 900 Bq/m3. When making the calculation of the concentration for the night and dawn that it is when the one inhabitant remains in the room and that to avoid the cold he closes doors and windows, the radon concentration ascended until values of 305 Bq/m3. The calculation of the dosimetry was in high values for the radon of until 3.2 mSv/year that adding to the floor values (0.63 mSv/year) and water (0.016 mSv/year) it gives a value of 3.85 mSv/year, considering these values very superior to those registered in other cities of the country reported in the bibliography or by the CNSNS. (Author)

  6. Building Affordable Rental Housing in Unaffordable Cities: A Canadian Low-Income Housing Tax Credit

    OpenAIRE

    Marion Steele; Francois Des Rosiers

    2009-01-01

    Many Canadian cities are short of affordable rental housing. Waiting lists for low-income housing are years in length, and new-build construction of rental housing has fallen over the last two decades. This study proposes a better way to build more low-income housing in expensive Canadian cities. A made-in-Canada Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) could leverage private sector expertise in site location, building, and management to build more and better low-income rental housing.

  7. Heterogeneous Responses of Chinese Cities' Housing Prices to Monetary Policies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This works examine the responses of housing prices to the monetary policies in various Chinese cities. Thirty-five large and medium sized Chinese cities are classified into six clusters applying the minimum variance clustering method according to the calculated correlation coefficients between the housing price indices of every two cities. Time difference correlation analysis is then employed to quantify the relations between the housing price indices of the six clusters and the monetary policies. It is suggested that the housing prices of various cities evolved at different paces and their responses to the monetary policies are heterogeneous, and local economic features are more important than geographic distances in determining the housing price trends. (interdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology)

  8. Urban Structure and Housing Prices: Some Evidence from Australian Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Mariano Kulish; Anthony Richards; Christian Gillitzer

    2011-01-01

    This paper studies determinants of some aspects of the structure of cities, including density and the price of land and housing. We use a version of the Alonso-Muth-Mills model, calibrated to broadly match some of the features of a representative large city. While the calibrated model omits many real-world features, it can nonetheless be used to explore the impact of factors such as: (i) the provision of transport infrastructure; (ii) zoning policies that limit housing density; (iii) friction...

  9. Rebuilding the housing: city life after a disaster

    OpenAIRE

    Rodeghiero, Benedetha

    2009-01-01

    The reconstruction after a disaster is not just a matter of architecture, but implies the rebuilding of housing, which means the cultural relations between inhabitants and their environment. This paper reflects, trough a real case study, on the theme of the house, focusing on the relationship between public space and private space, often evaded by planning. Urban design and urban Planning are not just a proposal for a new urban order, but for a social harmony. The urban planning of a new city...

  10. BOOK REVIEW ON THE CITY AND THE URBAN COMPETITION, AUTHOR: IRINA POPESCU

    OpenAIRE

    Alpopi, Cristina

    2009-01-01

    The book “The city and the urban competition / Orasul si competitia urbana”, written by Irina Popescu, has recently been published at Economic Publishing House of Bucharest, Romania. The book is structured in 4 parts and it is very rich in concepts, ideas, theories, principles and comparative studies, representing an important contribution of the author to the development of the literature concerning the study of the city.

  11. Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Philadelphia Housing Authority Energy-Efficiency Turnover Protocols

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2016-02-24

    The Philadelphia Housing Authority worked with the U.S. Department of Energy’s Building America Program to integrate energy-efficiency measures into the refurbishment process that each unit normally goes through between occupancies.

  12. Peoria Housing Authority(PHA) Weatherization Training Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Phillip Chrismon; Jason Dollarhide

    2011-12-31

    The DOE Weatherization Training Project's goal is to obtain a solid foundation of administrative and technical knowledge so the Peoria Housing Authority (PHA) can establish and implement a successful Weatherization Program by 2011. The DOE weatherization Training Project's two objectives are to (1) build PHA's capabilities by (2) developing its staff members capacities via the acquisition of weatherization skills and competencies. The impacts from this project include: (a) the improvement and expansion of PHA staff skills, (b) the overall enhancement of the quality of the PHA workforce, which will (c) foster employment, (d) the ability to properly weatherize PHA housing stock, tribal buildings, and tribal members houses, which will (e) result in reduced energy use, and (f) improved tribal and household economies.

  13. The role of housing policy in the transformation of Central European cities

    OpenAIRE

    Nataša Milanović

    1993-01-01

    The article deals with the process of housing privatization and urban revitalization in the transformation of Central European cities. Reforms require extensive privatization of firms as well as land and housing. The process of housing privatization includes changes in ownership, management of the housing stock and a new system of housing finances, which will affect new construction, modernization and rehabilitation of the existing stock and can lead to social and physical changes in cities. ...

  14. Club convergence of house prices: Evidence from China’s ten key cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Hao; Xie, Wen-Jie; Zhou, Wei-Xing

    2015-09-01

    The latest global financial tsunami and its follow-up global economic recession has uncovered the crucial impact of housing markets on financial and economic systems. The Chinese stock market experienced a marked fall during the global financial tsunami and China’s economy has also slowed down by about 2%-3% when measured in GDP. Nevertheless, the housing markets in diverse Chinese cities seemed to continue the almost nonstop mania for more than 10 years. However, the structure and dynamics of the Chinese housing market are less studied. Here, we perform an extensive study of the Chinese housing market by analyzing 10 representative key cities based on both linear and nonlinear econophysical and econometric methods. We identify a common collective driving force which accounts for 96.5% of the house price growth, indicating very high systemic risk in the Chinese housing market. The 10 key cities can be categorized into clubs and the house prices of the cities in the same club exhibit an evident convergence. These findings from different methods are basically consistent with each other. The identified city clubs are also consistent with the conventional classification of city tiers. The house prices of the first-tier cities grow the fastest and those of the third- and fourth-tier cities rise the slowest, which illustrates the possible presence of a ripple effect in the diffusion of house prices among different cities.

  15. Ripple Effect of Housing Prices among Chinese Deputy Provincial Cities Based on an Alternative Approach

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    This paper applies a two-stage procedure of non-parametric testing and business cycle dating techniques to examine the ripple effect of housing prices among Chinese cities since 2006. Empirical analysis indicates that housing prices fluctuations among nineteen Chinese cities do have ripple effect. We divide the cities into three layers: Shenzhen and Guangzhou are in the first layer; Beijing, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Xiamen are in the second; and other cities are in the third one. The dire...

  16. Determinants of Housing Liquidity in Chinese Cities:Does Market Maturity Matter?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Jing; ZHENG Siqi

    2008-01-01

    Housing liquidity measures the ability to convert housing to cash as an important characteristic of housing stock.A simple model of buyer offers' distributions was used to theoretically explore the determinants of housing liquidity in a search process.An empirical ordinary least squares model of the time-on-market was developed using data collected in four Chinese cities (Beijing,Shanghai,Guangzhou,and Shenzhen).The results show that in these four Chinese cities,market maturity dominates the variation of housing liquidity,with the effects of housing characteristics,seller's search cost,search strategy,and market conditions being less significant to the time-on-market equation.These empirical results indicate that the slow turn-over of housing stock may constrain the overall level of housing liquidity in major Chinese cities.

  17. Concentration levels of radon in air, indoors and outdoors in houses of Mexico City

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Concentration levels of radon in air, indoors and outdoors have been obtained in houses from Mexico City, with the purpose of relating them with the local environment. Measurements were performed both outdoors and indoors in 60 unifamiliar houses. Track detectors, LR-115, Type II, were used in several detection arrangements during four recording periods with times of exposure of three months each, with the purpose of analyzing the fluctuations due to seasonal changes. Data were obtained about the construction materials were the detection systems were located in order to establish a correlation of radon levels with the climatic parameters and the construction materials. The results of radon concentrations both indoors or outdoors were lower than the international recommendations (148 Bq/m3) (Author)

  18. 78 FR 317 - Redelegation of Authority to the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Housing Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-03

    ... published in the Federal Register on June 20, 2012 (77 FR 37252), the authority for carrying out section 106... FR 37252). Authority: Section 7(d) of the Department of Housing and Urban Development Act (42 U.S.C... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Redelegation of Authority to the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Housing...

  19. Aging Subsidized Housing Residents : A Growing Problem in U.S. Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Gibler, Karen M.

    2003-01-01

    Many low-income elderly live in subsidized housing in central cities These aging tenants need adaptive physical structures and supportive services in order to age in place, but lack the resources to pay for them. The responses to the AHEAD Wave 2 survey are used to compare the housing conditions of elderly subsidized housing residents with unsubsidized tenants. Results indicate subsidized tenants have greater health and physical limitations. They are likely to have physically appropriate hous...

  20. Is there Long-Run Equilibrium in the House Prices of Australian Capital Cities?

    OpenAIRE

    Le Ma,; Chunlu Liu

    2015-01-01

    In order to explore the long-run equilibrium in the house prices of different cities, studies on house price convergence have been conducted by a number of researchers. However, the majority of previous studies have neglected the effects of spatial heterogeneity and autocorrelation on house prices. This research improves on the investigation of house price convergence by developing a spatio-temporal autoregressive model based on a framework of panel regression methods. Both spatial heterogene...

  1. Housing markets, government behaviors, and housing choice: a case study of three cities in China

    OpenAIRE

    Youqin Huang

    2004-01-01

    Housing reform in urban China has introduced market mechanisms into a previously welfare-oriented housing system. Although microlevel factors such as household characteristics begin to shape housing behavior in urban China as is the case in the West, macrolevel constraints and opportunities defined by not only housing stocks and housing markets but also local government behaviors continue to be crucial. By studying housing choice in Beijing, Chongqing, and Jiangyin, I find that local governme...

  2. Green Cities : Sustainable Low-Income Housing in Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2011-01-01

    Housing development has direct and indirect impacts on the environment. Through its design, construction, and operation, housing represents a significant point of direct consumption of natural materials, water, and energy. Therefore, greenhouse gas emissions embodied in housing can be very significant. Moreover, in Brazil, civil construction is responsible for the largest percentage of sol...

  3. Strategic energy planning within local authorities in the UK: A study of the city of Leeds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper considers the development of a strategic energy body in a local authority in the UK and looks at the perceived need for, and possible roles of, such a body. Historically, energy provision and management has not usually been a strategic priority for UK local authorities. Yet energy considerations are implicit in key local authority responsibilities such as transport, waste management, planning, and the provision of housing services. In addition, recent UK central government policies support the move to localism and provide incentives for low-carbon energy generation. A study was undertaken to assess the potential (including both the perceived benefits and actual capacity to deliver) for Leeds City Council to develop a strategic body to execute delivery of city-level energy decision-making. We examine the perceived benefits to a range of main stakeholders, using data drawn from interviews with managers responsible for low-carbon and renewable energy projects across the city. Through participant observation we explore the capacity of a local authority to deliver a strategic energy body, and we briefly examine the possible forms of delivery. We conclude with recommendations for national policy that would enable the development of strategic energy bodies across local governments in the UK. - Highlights: ► Strategic energy planning is currently not a priority for UK local authorities. ► We present an empirical study of strategic energy planning in local authorities. ► Results from stakeholder interviews suggest support for a strategic energy body. ► We identify the capacity barriers to implementing a strategic energy body. ► We make recommendations for ways forward and support needed from national policy.

  4. Understanding Your Lease (A Tenant's Resource Packet for Harrisburg Housing Authority Residents). Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tri-County Opportunities Industrialization Center, Inc., Harrisburg, PA.

    This report describes a project to develop instructional materials for the Harrisburg Housing Authority that would enable tenants to understand more clearly the terms of their lease agreements. Project products were designed for tenants, many of whom were students in adult basic education classes, and for housing authority personnel who…

  5. THE EVALUATION OF THE HOME MANAGEMENT PROGRAMFOR WOMEN BENEFITS FROM THE ESKISEHIR CITY HOUSES

    OpenAIRE

    CURABAY, Şensu

    2013-01-01

    The city houses established and have been operating under the coordination of Eskisehir Tepebasi Municipality has adopted the aims of causing child, youth, and adults earn an occupation, of meeting the basic needs, of realizing the support for social, cultural, sport, and educational activities. However, due to the majority benefiting from the city house constituted by women, it has been restricted just with women attending there. Besides the need of acquiring an occupation, the women attendi...

  6. THE EVALUATION OF THE HOME MANAGEMENT PROGRAM FOR WOMEN BENEFITS FROM THE ESKISEHIR CITY HOUSES

    OpenAIRE

    CURABAY, Sensu

    2013-01-01

    The city houses established and have been operating under the coordination of Eskisehir Tepebasi Municipality has adopted the aims of causing child, youth, and adults earn an occupation, of meeting the basic needs, of realizing the support for social, cultural, sport, and educational activities. However, due to the majority benefiting from the city house constituted by women, it has been restricted just with women attending there. Besides the need of acquiring an occupation, the women attendi...

  7. THE COMPARISON BETWEEN THE THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF A CONTEMPORARY HOUSE AND TRADITIONAL HOUSE IN THE DENSE DHAKA CITY IN BANGLADESH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RASHID Rumana

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Bangladesh Traditional houses (B.T.H which are located in warm humid tropical climate represent a unique phenomenon with device capable to meet the comfort demand through environmental well adapted design.  Recently the traditional house and the contemporary design house (C.D.H for Bangladesh are examined by comparing the thermal performance within the same outdoor condition and the climatic region at the dense Dhaka city.  This comparison is based on field measurements of thermal performance of the traditional house and the contemporary design house within the same summer period. Quantitative method is used to measure the thermal performance. The field survey was conducted using two set of thermal data loggers were installed in both selected houses to record the air temperature and relative humidity of the outdoor and indoor spaces.  Data collection was carried out for the hot and wet month of summer period in June.  The research result concluded that the traditional houses of Bangladesh provided useful indicators of appropriate architectural design response to climate, particularly in the context of purely passive environmental control. However it is required to adapt a critical approach towards the modern contemporary architectural design strategy of deriving lesson from traditional houses to extend the period of indoor thermal environment inside the contemporary houses.

  8. Preparation of public housing energy efficiency publications for the Atlanta Housing Authority

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-08-01

    The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) has produced and evaluated the effectiveness of pamphlets prepared to encourage utility cost conservation. The target population for this project is not only public housing residents but also the public housing maintenance staff (who also have a dramatic impact on facility energy costs). Because the majority of the problems associated with excess resident utility costs occur during extreme cold weather of the heating season, heating conservation was the focus of this study.

  9. The housing policy nexus and people’s responses to housing challenges in post-communist cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sasha Tsenkova

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores major trends and patterns of change embedded in the overall process of economic, social and political transformation reshaping the urban challenges in eastern European cities. It reflects on important drivers of change such as efforts to create a market-based housing system and competitive housing markets in the post-communist urban world. The research draws much-needed attention to an important set of urban and housing policy issues with broad implications for understanding the transition process in the region. It explores the multi-layered processes of market-based housing reforms (privatisation, deregulation and devolution and their impact on the spatial transformation of urban housing markets in eastern European cities. The main argument, supported with empirical evidence from a number of eastern European cities, is that the impact of these most significant processes of urban change has created a mosaic of diverse urban challenges. Exploring these urban challenges through the housing lens sets the stage for a better understanding of urban social movements in eastern European cities and their dynamic realities. The article argues that the diverse role of urban social movements can be explained by reference to democratic traditions, practices and policy cultures in eastern European cities, and also to institutional structures and the capacity of non-market stakeholders. In some cases, stronger government and governance traditions since the political changes of the 1990s would allow non-government organisations to “voice” their concerns and be accepted as a legitimate partner in coalitions responding to urban challenges. In other cases, such capacity and institutional collaboration may be non-existent, leading to “exit” and abandonment of formal systems. In the first option, urban social movements have resurrected debates about gentrification and social segregation in housing estates and neighbourhoods previously

  10. Gentrification in black and white: the racial impact of public housing demolition in American cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goetz, Edward

    2011-01-01

    The gentrification that has transformed high-poverty neighbourhoods in US cities since the mid 1990s has been characterised by high levels of state reinvestment. Prominent among public-sector interventions has been the demolition of public housing and in some cases multimillion dollar redevelopment efforts. In this paper, the racial dimension of state-supported gentrification in large US cities is examined by looking at the direct and indirect displacement induced by public housing transformation. The data show a clear tendency towards the demolition of public housing projects with disproportionately high African American occupancy. The pattern of indirect displacement is more varied; public housing transformation has produced a number of paths of neighbourhood change. The most common, however, involve significant reductions in poverty, sometimes associated with Black to White racial turnover and sometimes not. The findings underscore the central importance of race in understanding the dynamics of gentrification in US cities. PMID:21949948

  11. Realisering af Smart City/Smart House i Nordjylland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindgren, Peter; Saghaug, Kristin Margrethe

    2008-01-01

    beskriver tankerne, visionerne og perspektiverne i forhold til at realisere Smart House-konceptet i Region Nordjylland. Smart House-tankerne er baseret på at bygge smarte huse og smarte byggekomponenter til fremtidens brugere, hvor den nyeste teknologi indenfor byggematerialer kombineres med nye værdier....... Formålet med Smart House Nordjylland er at flytte byggeindustriens og forskernes fokus fra en indbyrdes konkurrence lokalt til et udviklende innovationssamarbejde, som sigter mod det globale marked. På denne måde kan regionen skabe et udstillingsvindue indenfor fremtidens byggeri gennem en interaktion...

  12. 77 FR 37241 - Delegations of Authority for the Office of Housing-Federal Housing Administration (FHA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-20

    ... Office of Multifamily Housing Programs, and the last publication was on October 12, 2006 (71 FR 60178... Mexico, Texas. Orleans, San Antonio (Also, a Multifamily Property Disposition Center is located in Fort... advances, grant programs, and some programs that assist communities in reducing crime. Under...

  13. 77 FR 37233 - Consolidated Delegation of Authority for the Office of Housing-Federal Housing Administration (FHA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-20

    ... require its application and to certify that a copy of any book, record, paper, microfilm, electronic... on October 12, 2006 (71 FR 6013). First, the authority previously delegated to the Assistant... money held in the various Office of Housing/FHA insurance funds that is not needed for...

  14. Vivienda privada de ciudad/Private Housing in the City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Rodríguez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En Chile, en un período de unos veintiséis años (1980 a 2006 se construyeron más de quinientas mil viviendas sociales. Esta producción masiva, que redujo el déficit habitacional acumulado, fue el producto de un mecanismo de financiamiento público, el "subsidio habitacional", que ha tenido amplia difusión en otros países de América Latina.En este artículo se responde a la pregunta de cómo una política exitosa llegó a ser un fracaso en términos habitacionales y urbanos. Se señala que, después de más de treinta años, se reconoce que la política de vivienda social en Chile no era tal: era solo una política de financiamiento para la construcción de viviendas baratas. Política que resolvió el antiguo problema de los sin techo y que creó un nuevo problema el de los con techo. Para esto se revisa la historia del subsidio habitacional, los diferentes tipos de conjuntos de viviendas producidos, su localización, los problemas de convivencia que existen en dichos conjuntos.During a period of some 26 years (1980 to 2006, more than five hundred thousand social housing units were built in Chile. This mass production effectively reduced the accumulated housing deficit and was the result of a housing finance mechanism - a state subsidy awarded directly to construction companies -, a model which has been widely replicated in other countries in Latin America.This article responds to the question of how a successful policy came to be a failure in terms of housing and urban issues. After more than thirty years, it has become clear that social housing policy in Chile was not exactly so: it was merely a policy to finance the construction of cheaply-made housing units at a low-cost. The policy that resolved the former problem of those without housing (los sin techo created the new problem of those with housing (los con techo. Due to this situation, we review the history of this housing subsidy, the different types of housing complexes that

  15. Second-best Urban Tolls in a Monocentric City with Housing Market Regulations

    OpenAIRE

    Tikoudis, Ioannis; Erik T. Verhoef; van Ommeren, Jos N.

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates second-best congestion pricing in a monocentric city characterized by distortionary, rigid regulatory mechanisms in the housing market (building height restrictions, zoning and property taxation). The Pigouvian toll is shown to retain its optimality under any setting with quantity restrictions in the housing market. However, the extent of the quantity restriction determines the volume of the welfare gains in a non-monotonic fashion. This finding introduces a warning to...

  16. Housing prices, income and urban quality of life : an empirical study across 35 cities in China

    OpenAIRE

    Fu, Beirong; 付蓓蓉

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays, the mobility and globalization of firms make it possible for people to choose their favorite working cities worldwide. Thus beyond employment and income, more and more attention has been paid to the comparison of urban quality of life (UQOL). As housing cost usually consists of the largest share of household budget which is thought as a “ticket” to live in a city, housing prices surely have great impact on the relative value of income and UQOL when one makes a relocation decision. W...

  17. Identify the ability to purchase a house in the five major cities of Java for the Indonesian middle class using correspondence analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginanjar, Irlandia; Indratno, Sapto W.

    2015-12-01

    Ministry of Housing Republic of Indonesia explained that the Constitution mandates that every citizen has the right to reside. Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung, Semarang, and Yogyakarta are five of Java's major cities with high population and investment opportunities, so the housing needs in that five cities is very high. Market sentiment analysis recorded the average of property purchasing power for Indonesian society around Rp 250 million, which the author assumes that the highest price for Indonesian middle class. Based on the fact, does the Indonesian middle class have the ability to purchase a house in the five major cities of Java? What facilities do they get? Both questions can be answered using the results of correspondence analysis.

  18. 77 FR 37252 - Delegations of Authority for the Office of Housing-Federal Housing Administration (FHA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-20

    ... functions, including the authority to act as a claims collection officer and to write off or compromise debt... a claims collection officer and to write off or compromise debt up to $100,000; 3. All property... authority to act as a claims collection officer and to write off or compromise debt up to $100,000....

  19. Association of House Dust Allergen Concentrations With Residential Conditions in City and in Rural Houses

    OpenAIRE

    Wardzyńska, Aleksandra; Majkowska-Wojciechowska, Barbara; Pełka, Jolanta; Korzon, Leszek; Kaczała, Magdalena; Jarzębska, Marzanna; Gwardys, Tomasz; Kowalski, Marek L.

    2012-01-01

    Background The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between house dust mite, cat and dog allergen levels with household characteristics in the houses of children living in urban and rural areas in central Poland. Methods Dust samples were collected from 141 urban and 191 rural houses. Der f1 + Der p1, Can f 1, and Fel d1 levels were measured and associated with residential conditions and atopy-related health outcomes assessed by clinical examination and skin prick testing. Result...

  20. ‘Alas, alas. House, oh house!’ : the collapse of the Cologne City Archive.

    OpenAIRE

    Osborne, Dora

    2014-01-01

    When the Historical Archive of the City of Cologne (known as Cologne’s City Archive) collapsed in 2009, a municipal institution became visible in quite unintended ways. The incident and its consequences tell us about the structure, constitution and regulation of the archive as such but also about the significance of the archive for the memory culture that shapes Germany today. This article turns to the collapse to show how the archive is implicated in the politics of the city and of memory. I...

  1. Workers' Housing Estates In Postindustrial Cities - Modernization Or Revitalization?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaweł, Dariusz

    2015-09-01

    The article presents a part of the results on the physiognomy of a postindustrial city under conditions of economic transformation in Poland. The study area encompasses industrial centers located in the region of the Central Industrial District (Centralny Okręg Przemysłowy - COP) in the Świętokrzystkie and Mazowieckie voivodeships (districts). The specific urban structure of the industrial city and unemployment among its inhabitants resulting from ownership transformations generate various problems. The workers' neighborhoods and colonies, which sprouted up so quickly at the beginning of the XX century, were a supply base for the rapidly developing industrial centers. Their clear urban structure and cultural potential they possess predispose them to developing necessary repair programs. Thus, the article draws attention to this form of settlement on the one hand, and on the other characterizes the activities assumed by gminas (municipalities) in the scope of modernizing and revitalizing these areas.

  2. The Impact of Housing Vouchers on Crime in US Cities and Suburbs

    OpenAIRE

    Lens, MC

    2014-01-01

    This paper tests the common belief that subsidised housing contributes to higher crime rates. To do this, panel data on over 200 US cities are used and fixed effects models are estimated to control for unobserved differences between cities that may affect both voucher use and crime. Additionally, models are estimated that focus on the suburbs, to see if the steady increase in vouchers there has had any effect on crime. In cities, it is found that vouchers have a weak, negative relationship wi...

  3. State and the Low Cost Housing for the Poor: Fall of Bashentek Rehabilitation Project (BRP) in Dhaka City--Bangladesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussain, Rasel; Saha, Amit Kumar; Rabbani, Golam; Pervin, Irin; Shamma, Wasifa Tasnim; Khan, Sazzad Hossain

    2015-01-01

    In the era of neoliberalism now the people especially the lower income group of people is suffering a lot for the scarcity of housing. After migrating from the rural areas for a better life they discovered themselves in the slum like areas of the city as they are not capable to afford housing in the influential areas of the city due to higher…

  4. 77 FR 37237 - Delegations of Authority for the Office of Housing-Federal Housing Administration (FHA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-20

    ... Finance and Budget. That organization has not undergone major change since the October 12, 2006 (71 FR... any and all documents necessary to carry out the business of the Office of Finance and Budget... (FHA), Redelegation of Authority to the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Finance and Budget...

  5. [Aging in cities and in the country (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehr, U

    1977-04-01

    A growing concern with ecological issues has led gerontologist to analyze the life-situation of aged people in cities and in the country more precisely. While it is generally assumed that aging in the country has advantages to aging in the city, statistical figures (e.g. income, living conditions, health status, educational opportunities, institutions for the aged) show that country dweller's "cumulative disadvantages" have to be taken into consideration, disadvantages caused by interacting societal and individual factors in rural life. Psychological investigations--as e.g. the Bonn Longitudinal Study of Aging (BLSA)--show positive correlations between a central location of the home and increased general activity, broader scope of interests, more frequent use of communication media (newspapers, newscasts), better mood, greater readiness for involvement. While city-dwellers are more frequently engaged in social contacts outside of the family, country dwellers are more involved in interactions with the immediate family. The following practical considerations for the improvement of the situation of the aged in the country are presented: beginning in childhood and youth, conditions should be granted which allow the individual to live in ways which prevent too early aging; this ought to be supplemented by providing activating and stimulating environments for aging people and help for the aged, be it in special institutions or through activities in their familiar environment. It is shown that a differential ecogerontology is required, since (1) a simple distinction between city and country is by far too global, (2) similar ecological conditions are known to have different effects, depending on inter-individual differences, and (3) intraindividual patterns, and (4) it becomes evident that objective ecological conditions do not as clearly determine behavior in age as do cognitive representations of these ecological variables. This last statement is in accordance with the

  6. Building America Case Study: Philadelphia Housing Authority Energy-Efficiency Turnover Protocols, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2016-02-01

    Over one million HUD-supported public housing units provide rental housing for eligible low-income families across the country. A survey of over 100 public housing authorities (PHAs) across the country indicated that there is a high level of interest in developing low-cost solutions that improve energy efficiency and can be seamlessly included in the refurbishment process. Further, PHAs, have incentives (both internal and external) to reduce utility bills. ARIES worked with four PHAs to develop packages of energy efficiency retrofit measures the PHAs can cost-effectively implement with their own staffs in the normal course of housing operations at the time when units are refurbished between occupancies. The energy efficiency turnover protocols emphasized air infiltration reduction, duct sealing, and measures that improve equipment efficiency. ARIES documented implementation in 18 housing units. Reductions in average air leakage were 16 percent and duct leakage reductions averaged 23 percent. Total source energy consumption savings due to implemented measures was estimated at 3-10 percent based on BEopt modeling with a simple payback of 1.6 to 2.5 years. Implementation challenges were encountered mainly related to required operational changes and budgetary constraints. Nevertheless, simple measures can feasibly be accomplished by PHA staff at low or no cost. At typical housing unit turnover rates, these measures could impact hundreds of thousands of units per year nationally.

  7. The role of cities and local authorities following COP21 and the Paris Agreement

    OpenAIRE

    Tollin, Nicola

    2015-01-01

    The article highlights the implications for cities, local authorities and non-party stakeholders of the Paris Agreement and the resolve of United Nations Climate Change Conference of the Parties COP21. The article focuses on the central role that cities will have in the implementation of the Paris Agreement itself, particularly with reference to mitigation, adaptation, capacity building and technology transfer. The Paragraphs finally identifies the key challenges for cities ...

  8. Spatial-Functional Analysis of Kurdish Courtyard Houses in Erbil City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faris A. Mustafa

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: This study was to analyze the concept of spatial-function in courtyard house layout and its influence to the cultural and social activities. Themes such as integration, segregation, accessibility and zoning of the building space layout are required to be deliberated, in order to achieve further understanding about the Kurdish social and cultural benchmarks (norms that might have affected by the spatial configuration of the house layouts. Approach: The study was based on the analysis from selected samples of courtyard house layouts in Erbil city, through adopting the theory of space syntax and its techniques (gamma analysis method. The purpose was to interpret and identify the mutual relationship between space and social life through both scales of spatial-functional analysis. Functionally, illustration and classification of the key zones and sectors of the house; spatially, measuring the main syntactic characteristics of spatial systems (house layoutsand translating it to numerical data in order to identify their effect that forming spatial patterns. Results: The functional approach for the design of residential spaces had a clear impact on the method of formation and organization of residential spaces (functional sectors through the indicators of physical and intellectual change that affected the nature of spontaneous social interaction in the traditional Kurdish courtyard houses in the city of Erbil. Conclusion: Social variables and factors stemming from the customs and traditions of the community have a direct impact on the residential function through the way of forming and configuration of its interior spaces, which had supported by discovering Genotypic spatial-functional patterns of house layouts (study sample.

  9. Carbon Footprint of Housing in the Leeds City Region - A Best Practice Scenario Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barrett, John; Dawkins, Elena (Stockholm Environment Inst. (Sweden))|(Univ. of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD (United Kingdom))

    2008-06-15

    The Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) was commissioned by the Environment Agency to carry out a carbon footprint analysis of the housing sector, using the Leeds City Region (LCR) as an example. The aim was to determine our ability to meet the 80 per cent by 2050 challenge of energy efficiency in the housing sector. The study relates specifically to LCR but its findings will help any planning and development teams make the right decisions and gain the resources necessary to meet carbon budgets at regional and local levels. With a growing population and an additional 263,000 housing units to be built within LCR by 2026, the housing sector would need to reduce its expected total carbon dioxide emissions by 38 million tonnes between 2010 and 2026 to be on track for 80 per cent savings in 2050. The report outlines the most detailed analysis to date of the required measures to deliver a growth-based regional housing strategy, alongside reducing carbon emissions. If the city region's new and existing housing is to attain the levels of energy efficiency necessary to deliver these carbon savings, big changes will be required in the way we build, maintain and run our homes over the next 20 years. There are pockets of good practice already in the region and the study shows that by combining innovative measures on construction standards, improvements to existing housing, low and zero carbon technologies and changing behaviour of householders, LCR can achieve the necessary savings to meet its carbon budget

  10. Business Confidence and Forecasting of Housing Prices and Rents in Large German Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Kholodilin, Konstantin A.; Siliverstovs, Boriss

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we evaluate the forecasting ability of 115 indicators to predict the housing prices and rents in 71 German cities. Above all, we are interested in whether the local business confidence indicators can allow substantially improving the forecasts, given the local nature of the real-estate markets. The forecast accuracy of different predictors is tested in a framework of a quasi out-of-sample forecasting. Its results are quite heterogeneous. No single indicator appears to dominate ...

  11. 78 FR 28606 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Housing Choice Voucher Family Self-Sufficiency (HCV FSS...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-15

    ... the City of P.O. Box 1207, 210 Kokomo IN 46903 20,828 Kokomo. East Taylor Street. Housing Authority of.... Housing Authority of the City of 209 Madison Street. Frederick MD 21701 49,860 Frederick....

  12. David Finkelstein. The House of Blackwood: Author-Publisher Relations in the Victorian Era

    OpenAIRE

    Blackstock, Alan

    2004-01-01

    This book combines and expands on three articles previously published independently in journals of textual criticism. Though the added material on the rise and decline of the House of Blackwood from 1804 to 1912 will interest primarily readers concerned with the history of Blackwood's, the three core chapters presenting case studies of the relations of the firm with particular authors-John Hanning Speke, Charles Reade, and Margaret Oliphant-provide valuable insights into the ways in which Vic...

  13. Comfort temperatures inside low-cost housing : case : six warm climate cities in Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez-Azpeitia, G. [Colima Univ., Colima (Mexico). Faculty of Architecture and Design; Bojorquez, G.; Romero, R. [Autonomic Univ. of Baja California, Mexicali (Mexico). Faculty of Architecture and Design; Ruiz, P. [Autonomic Univ. of Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutierrez (Mexico). Faculty of Architecture; Ochoa, J. [Sonora Univ., Hermosillo (Mexico). School of Architecture; Perez, M. [Autonomic Univ. of Yucatan, Merida (Mexico). Faculty of Engineering; Resendiz, O. [Autonomic Univ. of Baja California Sur, La Paz (Mexico). Dept. of Fishing Engineering; Llamas, A. [Autonomic Univ. of Sinaloa, Culiacan (Mexico). Faculty of Architecture

    2009-07-01

    Mexico's National Council for Housing and National Council for Science and Technology supported a research project on the thermal comfort and energy savings in low-cost housing in Mexico. The objective was to establish thermal comfort models and provide reliable diagnostic tools for architectural designers of low-cost housing. Another objective was to promote energy savings through the adjustment of operative temperatures in air conditioning equipment. The approach of the research was an adaptive one in order to evaluate the thermal sensation of individuals in their own habitat; allow the integral study of both physiological and psychological reactions; and consider the individuals as proactive occupants, in search of their thermal comfort. The results of a field study developed according to the adaptive approach principles were presented in this paper. The survey was carried out from 2006 to 2007 in low-cost housing units in 6 Mexican cities with warm climates. In all cases, the houses were naturally ventilated. The measuring periods were determined according to the climatic characteristics of each city. The results of the field study demonstrated the importance of having standards of thermal comfort specific to each location, which must be defined through the direct response of individuals and in the environment in which they perform their daily activities. The results also showed that in hot climates, acclimated people may find comfort in temperatures around 30 degrees C during the warmest seasons. Therefore, reducing the operating temperatures of air conditioning in such conditions represents a huge opportunity for saving electricity. 16 refs., 6 tabs., 6 figs.

  14. Housing and the construction of the city: the Paris Habitat Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Arpa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In Paris, the history and the evolution of social housing provision merge with those of a centennial institution. Created in 1914, the Office Public d’Habitations à Bon Marché, currently called Paris Habitat, manages more than 1,200 operations, 120,000 housing units inhabited by 200,000 residents. This article reviews an investigation to this exceptional heritage commissioned by the Pavillon de l'Arsenal in Paris, which resulted in the exhibition and catalogue Paris Habitat: Cent ans de ville, cent ans de vie, presented by the institution in 2015.The investigation, exhibition and publication were organized around the analysis of ten fragments of reality that, rather than matching administrative divisions or urban planning projects, span municipalities, districts and infrastructures. From low-cost to large-scale housing, from concerns with hygiene to ecology issues, each one of the building ensembles analyzed bears witness to the will to change society through housing. Written by the project’s main curator and catalogue editor, this review details the process through which essential questions formulated early on – What is the city we want like? How is it built? – were answered to: selecting from the wealth of material produced by Paris Habitat over one hundred years of activity, the team exposed their political stance on urban strategies at large. Importantly, Paris Habitat’s ‘actions’ substantiated the team’s belief that our knowledge of this long, continuous urban experiment can contribute to improve the metropolises of today and strengthen its ability to answer contemporary concerns: the transformation of offices into housing, new residents’ participation formulas, new building and conception processes, which are key elements in the making of cities that need to be dense, diverse, intense, fertile and agile.

  15. Cherchell: An Algerian Mediterranean Historical City with a Rich Islamic Heritage Housing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdelkader BEHIRI

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Islamic residential architecture has some common architectural and architectonic elements issued from shared values such as privacy, simplicity and sobriety. Applied to residential architecture, these values led to some characteristic spaces and architectural elements such as patios or arcs. However, the Islamic civilisation is composed by different cultures spread on a great geographical area; this variety induced different interpretations of these elements by using different building shapes or materials. In this paper, we will present an example of this interpretation in the historical coastal city of Cherchell in northern Algeria. The city of Cherchell is a historic coastal city that witnessed the passage of several civilizations before the arrival of the Islamic one since its founding more than 2500 years ago. This specific situation as historical coastal city allowed the exchange with different civilizations around the Mediterranean Sea, giving rise in the Islamic period to a typical earth architecture characterised by a specific arch’s typology. The objective of this article is to present an interpretation of Islamic heritage housing architecture in a Mediterranean historical coastal city (through two specific elements: building material and architectonic element. The long term aim of this study is the dissemination of traditional technics and know-how in order restore cultural heritage buildings and construct new projects with a strong Islamic identity.

  16. Measure Guideline. Five Steps to Implement the Public Housing Authority Energy-Efficient Unit Turnover Checklist

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liaukus, Christine [Building American Research Alliance, Kent, WA (United States)

    2015-07-09

    Five Steps to Implementing the PHA Energy Efficient Unit Turnover Package (ARIES, 2014) is a guide to prepare for the installation of energy efficient measures during a typical public housing authority unit turnover. While a PHA is cleaning, painting and readying a unit for a new resident, there is an opportunity to incorporate energy efficiency measures to further improve the unit's performance. The measures on the list are simple enough to be implemented by in-house maintenance personnel, inexpensive enough to be folded into operating expenses without needing capital budget, and fast enough to implement without substantially changing the number of days between occupancies, a critical factor for organizations where the demand for dwelling units far outweighs the supply. The following guide lays out a five step plan to implement the EE Unit Turnover Package in your PHA, from an initial Self-Assessment through to Package Implementation.

  17. The rehabilitation of housings in traditional centers of intermediate cities of Sancti Spiritus.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Camilo Valdivia Cruz

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The intermediate cities play an intermediation role between the big urban areas and the wide rural areas; of those that are influence center. Their potentiating can take to more balanced and more sustainable territorial developments; for reasons of their own scale to develop viable projects regarding the big cities. However they should solve many derived problems of their inattention in aspects like: the strategic planning, the physical and urbanistic planning and the solution of the difficulties of the housing and the habitat. In Sancti Spiritus the traditional centers of the cities of medium scale, present a high physical deterioration of their residence bottom at the moment; process that has been increased progressively with the step of the years. The loss of constructions, of values, of lodging capacity, of the local potentialities and the lack of programs toward those cities attempts against the physical preservation of those urban centers. To order a politic toward the recovery of their values of identity and their lodging capacities with integrality approaches, progressivity and sustainability is framed as possible solutions to the problem that present those places, inside the priorities of the constructive programs of the country.

  18. The refurbishment of high rise local authority housing blocks – involving the tenants: Lessons from the U.K.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Turkington

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Since the late 1960’s it has been a popular perception in Britain that “High-rise” social housing blocks (over six storeys are undesirable and therefore a major problem for Local Authority landlords. However, the status and significance of high rise blocks in the UK is beginning to change. This article discusses some of the programmes of refurbishment of high rise local authority housing.

  19. The refurbishment of high rise local authority housing blocks – involving the tenants: Lessons from the U.K.

    OpenAIRE

    Richard Turkington; Suzanne Wheelaghan

    1995-01-01

    Since the late 1960’s it has been a popular perception in Britain that “High-rise” social housing blocks (over six storeys) are undesirable and therefore a major problem for Local Authority landlords. However, the status and significance of high rise blocks in the UK is beginning to change. This article discusses some of the programmes of refurbishment of high rise local authority housing.

  20. Contesting the financialization of urban space: Community organizations and the struggle to preserve affordable rental housing in New York City

    OpenAIRE

    Fields, D.

    2015-01-01

    As cities have become both site and object of capital accumulation in a neoliberal political economy, the challenges to community practice aimed at creating, preserving, and improving affordable housing and neighborhoods have grown. Financial markets and actors are increasingly central to the workings of capitalism, transforming the meaning and significance of mortgage capital in local communities and redrawing the relationship between housing and urban inequality. This article addresses the ...

  1. Causes of Domestic Water Consumption Trends in the City of Alicante: Exploring the Links between the Housing Bubble, the Types of Housing and the Socio-Economic Factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro-Francisco Morote

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The European Mediterranean coastline has experienced major tourism-related urbanization since 1960. This is a dynamic that has led to increased spending on water consumption for urban and tourism-related uses. The objective of this paper is to define and to analyze how domestic water consumption in the city of Alicante evolved between 2000 and 2013. Real billing figures for individual households were analyzed according to the type of housing and the income level of the occupants. The conclusions drawn show that consumption fell over the period studied, and that there are different patterns in water expenditure depending on the type of housing and the inhabitants.

  2. Dose by {sup 222} Rn in houses of the Chihuahua city; Dosis por {sup 222} Rn en casas-habitacion de la ciudad de Chihuahua

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Colmenero S, L.H.; Talamantes F, C. [ITCH II, Ave. de las Industrias 11101, Chihuahua (Mexico); Villalba, M.L. [UACH, Facultad de Ingenieria, Chihuahua (Mexico); Dobson, P.F. [Laboratorio Nacional Lawrence Berkeley, California (United States); Ortalejo M, B. [UACH, Facultad de Enfermeria y Nutriologia, Chihuahua (Mexico)]. e-mail: luis.colmenero@cimav.edu.mx

    2007-07-01

    selected. The quantification of the radon was made every 10 minutes during three continuous days, with the AlphaGUARD Pro2000 equipment that also measures atmospheric parameters. The obtained data were analyzed with the Genitron software and was analyzed the variation of the radon concentration with the atmospheric parameters and a hours in that the person is in the room. Finally they were carried out the dosimetry calculations due to the radon in air, adding it with the dose received by floor and water due to the natural radionuclides. As it was expected, the city of Chihuahua when being on an uranifer floor and the materials of construction of housings are elaborated starting from this floor, high concentrations were presented of {sup 222}Rn. The third part of the houses had a bigger average to the 148 Bq/m{sup 3} in air, with values average for the whole day of up to 276 Bq/m{sup 3}, as well as maxima values near to 900 Bq/m{sup 3}. When making the calculation of the concentration for the night and dawn that it is when the one inhabitant remains in the room and that to avoid the cold he closes doors and windows, the radon concentration ascended until values of 305 Bq/m{sup 3}. The calculation of the dosimetry was in high values for the radon of until 3.2 mSv/year that adding to the floor values (0.63 mSv/year) and water (0.016 mSv/year) it gives a value of 3.85 mSv/year, considering these values very superior to those registered in other cities of the country reported in the bibliography or by the CNSNS. (Author)

  3. The Use of Vegetation for Social Housing Renovation: a case study in the city of Palermo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pastore, L.; Corrao, R.; Heiselberg, Per

    thermal comfort. To achieve these goals the social housing complex of Medaglie d’Oro in the city of Palermo was chosen as case study in order to carry out some analyses for the assessment of outdoor comfort parameters of the area. By means of numerical simulations performed with the software ENVI-met, the...... actual state of the area was evaluated and four scenarios of renovation strategies through the integration with different vegetal species were proposed. The simulations show the effectiveness of the vegetation for the mitigation of the outside temperature and demonstrate that more accurate analyses on...... building indoor comfort can be performed taking into account the factors that influence its surrounding environment....

  4. Studying the Variation of Radon Level in Some Houses in Alexandria City, Egypt

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Inhalation of indoor radon has been recognized as one of the health hazards. In the present work a set of indoor radon measurements was carried out, in different Egyptian houses in Alexandria city, built of the same type of building materials, using time-integrated passive radon dosimeters containing LR-115 Type II solid state nuclear track detector. Measurements were carried out from October 2007 to June 2008. The results show that, the radon concentrations and the annual effective dose in these houses varied from (38.62 to 120.39) Bq m-3 and (0.96 to 3.06) mSv y-1 respectively. The mean values of radon concentrations in living rooms, bedrooms, bathrooms, and kitchens were: (50.93±7.14), (63.75±7.63), (105.3± 14.67) and (82.38±8.35) Bq m-3 respectively. Also the mean values of annual effective dose were (1.26±0.17), (1.58±0.185), (2.63±0.36) and (2.0± 0.20) mSv y-1, respectively. This data shows that, bathrooms and kitchens have significantly higher radon concentrations and annual radon dose

  5. Energy analysis and refurbishment proposals for public housing in the city of Bari, Italy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From the perspectives of the energy and the environment, building stock should be considered a useful resource in the struggle against greenhouse gas emissions and scarcity of energy resources. The aim of this work is to provide an example of the application of a methodology to evaluate the energy needs of the building stock of a city and to determine the possible strategies for energy planning. This paper aims to obtain an estimate, on an urban scale, of the energy needs and CO2 emissions of the public residential buildings of Bari. This estimate is achieved by evaluating the critical issues of the built heritage, the most common architectural typologies and the heating systems in the territory of the city of Bari in southern Italy, as well as the possible strategies for upgrading energy efficiency, through the combined use of energy software and geo-referenced systems. Furthermore, several possible interventions are assumed to improve the energy performance of buildings in not only environmental terms but also economic terms through the instrument of cost–benefit analysis. The ultimate goal is to compare the different intervention strategies to determine which demonstrate greater cost effectiveness and feasibility for future energy planning. - Highlights: • An evaluation of the energy needs of existing buildings in a city in Southern Italy is provided. • Possible refurbishment strategies are evaluated. • An economic analysis is carried out to understand the feasibility of interventions. • An estimate on an urban scale of the energy-saving potential of public housing in Bari is provided

  6. 75 FR 21022 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Housing Choice Voucher Family Self-Sufficiency...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-22

    .... Taylor Street, Kokomo, IN 46903. Housing Authority of the City of 601 South Adams Street, 34,842 Marion..., 49,370 Frederick. Frederick, MD 21701. Housing Authority of Washington 319 East Antietam 31,000...

  7. Post-disaster housing reconstruction: Perspectives of the NGO and local authorities on delay issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khalid, Khairin Norhashidah; Nifa, Faizatul Akmar Abdul; Ismail, Risyawati Mohamed; Lin, Chong Khai

    2016-08-01

    Post disaster reconstruction is complex, dynamic and chaotic in nature and as such represents many challenges because it is unlike normal construction. However, the time scale of reconstruction is shorter than the normal construction, but it often deals with uncertainties and the scale of the construction activities required is relatively high. After a disaster impacts a country, many governments, institutions and aid organizations cooperate and involved with the reconstruction process. This is seen as a tool for applying policies and programs designed to remedy the weakness in developmental policies, infrastructure and institutional arrangements. This paper reports a part of an on-going research on post-disaster housing reconstruction in Malaysia. An extensive literature review and pilot interviews were undertaken to establish the factors that contribute to the delay in post-disaster reconstruction project. Accordingly, this paper takes the perspective of recovery from non-government organization (NGO) and local authorities which act as providers of social services, builders of infrastructure, regulators of economic activity and managers of the natural environment. As a result, it is important on how those decisions are made, who is involved in the decision-making, and what are the consequences of this decision.

  8. The need for standards and codes to ensure an acoustically comfortable environment in multifamily housing buildings in Mexico City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotasek Gonzalez, Eduardo; Rodriguez Manzo, Fausto

    2002-11-01

    It is clear that almost all kinds of buildings require protection against noise and undesirable sounds, however, there are some countries where this is not yet regulated, such is the case of Mexico. Mexico City, the biggest city in the world could also be the noisiest. This is a problem which is today being debated; in fact there is no doubt that this has an important influence on the acoustic comfort conditions of dwellings, besides the habits and culture of the inhabitants, which are very different from those in the Anglo-Saxon countries. These are all details that must be taken into account in the design of an acoustic comfort standard for buildings in cities like Mexico. In this paper we deal with this problem and it suggests some recommendations to consider in a proposed acoustic comfort standard or code to be applied in the design of multifamily housing buildings in Mexico City.

  9. Assessment of Displacement Flow at Ketandan Creeks to Optimizing Land Use in Jember New City Housing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Entin Hidayah

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Displacement flow will caused a change in the flow characteristics such as flow depth, discharge, river slope and width of the river surface. If not carefully examined, it will cause the riverbed erosion, sedimentation and risk of flooding. This paper aims to assess the hydrology and hydraulics of the river flow changes in Ketandan creek in optimizing the use of land housing for Jember New City (JNC. Hydrology modelling studies conducted for the return period rainfall include a 2 year as normal discharge, and 100 year as flood condition. Simulation of flood designs used to assess changes in the flow regime in the channel and the risk of flooding with HEC-RAS program. The results of the study showed that for the flood design 3,1 m3/sec and 12,8 m3/sec will give the effect of critical water surface. In order to keep the flow of the river bed of critically needed as the drop-structure and spillway construction.

  10. Thermal Performance of Housing Open Spaces in the City of Mosul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. TURKI HASAN ALI ALHADIDI

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The rapid urban growth has lead to an urgent need to increase residential buildings in such a way that requires quick execution of such buildings. The appearance of modern materials such as reinforced concrete has helped in getting fast-constructed houses of a westerly pattern such that excluding the inherited styles that are in harmony with severe environment like that of the Middle East. This has resulted in a modern pattern of buildings lacks the microclimate which was enjoyed by the traditional pattern and which have provided the inhabitant with a relative thermal comfort. ‎This research try to compare different microclimates due to the variation of open architectural spaces patterns in the residential units (traditional ones represented by (the courtyards and Iwan and the modem one represented by the space of (garages and terraces in Summer in Mosul city. ‎ ‎The results showed that the traditional open spaces are the nearest to the thermal comfort zone, although both of them don't represent the ideal state of human comfort in this ‎period of Summer.

  11. Emergency Department Visits for Homelessness or Inadequate Housing in New York City before and after Hurricane Sandy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doran, Kelly M; McCormack, Ryan P; Johns, Eileen L; Carr, Brendan G; Smith, Silas W; Goldfrank, Lewis R; Lee, David C

    2016-04-01

    Hurricane Sandy struck New York City on October 29, 2012, causing not only a large amount of physical damage, but also straining people's health and disrupting health care services throughout the city. In prior research, we determined that emergency department (ED) visits from the most vulnerable hurricane evacuation flood zones in New York City increased after Hurricane Sandy for several medical diagnoses, but also for the diagnosis of homelessness. In the current study, we aimed to further explore this increase in ED visits for homelessness after Hurricane Sandy's landfall. We performed an observational before-and-after study using an all-payer claims database of ED visits in New York City to compare the demographic characteristics, insurance status, geographic distribution, and health conditions of ED patients with a primary or secondary ICD-9 diagnosis of homelessness or inadequate housing in the first week after Hurricane Sandy's landfall versus the baseline weekly average in 2012 prior to Hurricane Sandy. We found statistically significant increases in ED visits for diagnosis codes of homelessness or inadequate housing in the week after Hurricane Sandy's landfall. Those accessing the ED for homelessness or inadequate housing were more often elderly and insured by Medicare after versus before the hurricane. Secondary diagnoses among those with a primary ED diagnosis of homelessness or inadequate housing also differed after versus before Hurricane Sandy. These observed differences in the demographic, insurance, and co-existing diagnosis profiles of those with an ED diagnosis of homelessness or inadequate housing before and after Hurricane Sandy suggest that a new population cohort-potentially including those who had lost their homes as a result of storm damage-was accessing the ED for homelessness or other housing issues after the hurricane. Emergency departments may serve important public health and disaster response roles after a hurricane, particularly for

  12. The Potential for Energy Retrofits within the City of Sacramento's Rental Housing Inspection Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iverson, Megan M.; Sande, Susan; Britt, Michelle L.

    2011-04-15

    This report presents the results of an analysis performed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the City of Sacramento--under the U.S. Department of Energy’s Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Weatherization and Intergovernmental Projects Technical Assistance Program--to help determine the potential for incorporating energy efficiency standards into the City’s existing Rental Housing Inspection Program as part of Sacramento’s efforts to create a Climate Action Plan.

  13. Rat sightings in New York City are associated with neighborhood sociodemographics, housing characteristics, and proximity to open public space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, Michael G

    2014-01-01

    Rats are ubiquitous in urban environments and, as established reservoirs for infectious pathogens, present a control priority for public health agencies. New York City (NYC) harbors one of the largest rat populations in the United States, but surprising little study has been undertaken to define rat ecology across varied features of this urban landscape. More importantly, factors that may contribute to increased encounters between rats and humans have rarely been explored. Using city-wide records of rat sightings reported to the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, this investigation sought to identify sociodemographic, housing, and physical landscape characteristics that are associated with increased rat sightings across NYC census tracts. A hierarchical Bayesian conditional autoregressive Poisson model was used to assess these associations while accounting for spatial heterogeneity in the variance. Closer proximity to both subway lines and recreational public spaces was associated with a higher concentration of rat sightings, as was a greater presence of older housing, vacant housing units, and low education among the population. Moreover, these aspects of the physical and social landscape accurately predicted rat sightings across the city. These findings have identified specific features of the NYC urban environment that may help to provide direct control targets for reducing human-rat encounters. PMID:25237595

  14. Rat sightings in New York City are associated with neighborhood sociodemographics, housing characteristics, and proximity to open public space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael G. Walsh

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Rats are ubiquitous in urban environments and, as established reservoirs for infectious pathogens, present a control priority for public health agencies. New York City (NYC harbors one of the largest rat populations in the United States, but surprising little study has been undertaken to define rat ecology across varied features of this urban landscape. More importantly, factors that may contribute to increased encounters between rats and humans have rarely been explored. Using city-wide records of rat sightings reported to the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, this investigation sought to identify sociodemographic, housing, and physical landscape characteristics that are associated with increased rat sightings across NYC census tracts. A hierarchical Bayesian conditional autoregressive Poisson model was used to assess these associations while accounting for spatial heterogeneity in the variance. Closer proximity to both subway lines and recreational public spaces was associated with a higher concentration of rat sightings, as was a greater presence of older housing, vacant housing units, and low education among the population. Moreover, these aspects of the physical and social landscape accurately predicted rat sightings across the city. These findings have identified specific features of the NYC urban environment that may help to provide direct control targets for reducing human–rat encounters.

  15. Social housing plans of peronist government in mar del plata city, argentina, 1946-1955

    OpenAIRE

    Rizzo, María de las Nieves

    2010-01-01

    This text presents an analysis of housing and its social spaces in relation to the production of typological and technological formal alternatives that are a vulnerable heritage at Mar del Plata, housing built between 1946 and 1955 by the Peronist government. The Peronist government intervention in relation to public housing was not restricted to physical dimension; it also redefined social relationships and political spaces. In those housing complexes the essential concerns where, among o...

  16. Identifying Variables Influencing Tenant Affordability to Pay Rent in Ipoh City Council Public Housing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salleh Nor Aini

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Affordability reflects the challenges faced by households in balancing the real cost of housing and non housing expenditures against income limitations placed upon the household. Various methods have been introduced to measure housing affordability among households. This study was undertaken to identify the variables influencing tenant affordability to pay rent. Data was obtained through questionnaire distribution on 350 MBI public housing tenants using the strata sampling technique. This study found that only ethnic group variable significantly influenced the ability to pay rent. The study’s findings proved that different ethnic groups faced different housing costs liabilities attributable to different socioeconomic status.

  17. Housing the Urban Poor: Planning, Business and Politics: A Case Study of Duaripara Slum, Dhaka city, Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    Nahiduzzaman, Kh. Md.

    2006-01-01

    This study is conducted on Duripara slum of Dhaka city which is one of the fastest growing megalopolis and primate cities not only among the developing but also among the developed countries. The high rate of urbanization has posed a challenging dimension to the central, local govt. and concerned development authority. In Dhaka about 50% of the total urban population is poor and in the urbanization process the poor are the major contributors which can be characterized as urbanization of pover...

  18. Participation rate of housing cooperation members (Mehr and Explication effective factors on it in 1388 at Mashhad city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammadt Mazlome Khorasani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is finding some answers to description of participation rate of housing cooperation members (Mehr in 1388 at Mashhad city and Explication effective factors on it. Theoretical discussions have been illustrated based on four paradigms socialistic: social facts, social definition, social behavior, and complex paradigm. The research method of this investigation based on a survey with sample volume about 380 persons with the help of Cocran formula from statistical society about 36330 members of housing cooperation (Mehr in Mashhad city. The method of sampling was based on random stratified method. The way of data Collection is information on questionnaires. The analysis of data have been implemented with SPSS application software in the frame of average descriptive statistics, Medium, Standard divergence, Kurosis and Skewness coefficients, hypothesis test with the help of appropriate tests to aim and variable assessment levels and using of regression analysis, finally path analysis. Then we assessed these categories and their independent variables such as: Economical disability and incapability to resources, assessment of financial and political supports of the government, lack of enough time for members, confidence to the managers, assuring to the resultant of the project, traditionalism, thankfulness, respect to the media advertisements, education level, mental preparation, responsibility, acknowledgement, satisfaction toward managers, social base, making in real housing, using mass media, alienation on the rate of cooperation members. In conclusion, member’s acknowledgement, using mass media and respecting to media advertisements and confidence to managers had the major and highest Impact on members cooperation.

  19. Local authorities faced with electricity market liberalization. The role of cities in electricity production and distribution in the Swiss Confederation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Switzerland, cities are highly involved in producing and - mainly - distributing electrical power. To those cities, defining what universal service and public interest service are seems essential, when faced with the opening energy markets. Such services can be guaranteed through concession contracts granted to companies conducting business on the city's territory It is the interest of regional distribution companies (one thousand in Switzerland...) to free themselves of local political requirements that could impair their growth. This new independence, combined with the good community service guarantee, should help those companies continue to contribute to the economic and lasting growth of the regions they have always served. (author)

  20. Finnish practice in building radon-safe houses - a survey of municipal authorities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study was carried out to chart radon prevention practices in municipalities with high indoor radon concentrations. The area under investigation consists of 95 municipalities in the most radon-prone area in Finland. About 75% of the municipalities investigated required or recommended reaction to radon at least in certain areas of the municipality, but only 30% of municipalities recommended such action in the whole area. The most important prevention measure against radon, radon-tight foundation construction, was recommended in only a few municipalities. Only about one fifth of the municipalities verified that the builders had succeeded in radon-safe construction by measuring indoor radon concentration in the new houses. (au)

  1. Acanthamoeba spp. in domestic tap water in houses of contact lens wearers in the metropolitan area of Mexico City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonilla-Lemus, Patricia; Ramírez-Bautista, Gerardo A; Zamora-Muñoz, Claudia; Ibarra-Montes, María Del Rocío; Ramírez-Flores, Elizabeth; Hernández-Martínez, María Dolores

    2010-09-01

    A survey was carried out in the metropolitan area of Mexico City to determine the presence of Acanthamoeba in the tap water of houses of contact lens wearers. Water samples were taken from the mains water entry, bathroom sinks and storage containers (roof tanks, cisterns) of 27 houses; and from the solution contained in the contact lens cases. Samples were filtered and cultured onto NNE medium. The isolates were identified based on their morphological features and pathogenicity. Total and fecal coliforms, water temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen and residual free-chlorine were measured by standard methods. Forty five isolates of Acanthamoeba from 200 water samples were obtained. The highest number of amoebae was isolated from cisterns and roof tanks. Most Acanthamoeba isolates were non-pathogenic, however, their presence in tap water is a potential hazard since some species can cause Acanthamoeba keratitis and granulomatous amoebic encephalitis. PMID:19995560

  2. Backyard Living – Integrative Policies Towards Migrant Workers: Housing Microfinance in Greater Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Noltze

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The urban agglomeration of the Vietnamese southeast industrial driving force Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC has become the most outstanding benefi ciary of the remarkable economic growth and foreign investments in the Vietnamese economy since the start of a comprehensive economic reform process in the mid 1980s. The notable development towards the foremost economic centre led to a high influx of migrant workers. In the course of an ongoing expansion process towards a megacity of tomorrow, the defi cient provision of adequate housing remains one of the most challenging problems of rural migrants in Greater HCMC. However, a future-oriented sustainable megacity concept is strongly dependent on the successful integration of migrants into the urban society. Within this context, the housing market is considered to be a key aspect of comprehensive urban planning. Hereby, housing microfinance (HMF will be presented as an alternative housing finance scheme meeting the demand of a noteworthy number of poor and low-income people. Thereby HMF can do both: focus on specifi c needs of migrants with respect to their current life situation and enhance its outreach to a potential target group.

  3. The construction of the Public City. Governance of Urban Processes and Transformation: the role of Social Housing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matteo Gambaro

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The following report looks at a selection of research and consultancy activities carried out by members of the «Governance, Design and Valorisation for the Built Environment» Research Group from the BEST Department at the Politecnico di Milano on behalf of Novara City Council. This work was undertaken with the objective of framing a systematic and multi-scalar design to be used in the redevelopment and upgrading of social housing through an approach which emphasised reconstruction of urban relationships and enhancement of the landscape and environment of noteworthy segments of the city. The aforementioned activities were then concentrated within «Neighbourhood Contract III» and «URBACT Active Travel Network ATN» programmes.

  4. 76 FR 53933 - Delegation Authority for the Office of Sustainable Housing and Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-30

    ... transportation decisions, and increase the capacity to improve land use and zoning. DATES: Effective Date: August... land use and zoning to support market investments that support sustainable communities. OSHC is also... capacity to improve land use and zoning. The Secretary may revoke the authority authorized herein, in...

  5. Housing policy and conversions to condominiums in the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Weesep, J. van; M W A Maas

    1984-01-01

    The conversion of rental housing to condominiums has become a significant feature of the housing markets in major Dutch cities. The large number of conversions is in part a reaction to housing market regulations, by which specific categories of households are de facto excluded from the rental market. The conversion of the rental units and their subsequent sale to owner-occupiers diminished the availability of rental housing, which aroused the concern of housing authorities. Their evaluation o...

  6. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CAREER PROGRAM CHARACTERISTICS AND JOB SATISFACTION IN A CITY BASED LOCAL AUTHORITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azman ISMAIL

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available According to the human resource development literature, career program has two salient characteristics: career planning and career management. Recent studies in this area reveal that the ability of management to properly implement such career program characteristics may have a significant impact on job satisfaction. Although the nature of this relationship is interesting, little is known about the role of career program characteristics as an important antecedent of job satisfaction in the workplace career models. Therefore, this study was conducted to examine the relationship between career program and job satisfaction in a city based local authority in Sabah, Malaysia. A survey research method was used as the main instrument to gather data from employees in the organization. The outcomes of testing hypothesis using a stepwise regression analysis showed two important findings: first, career planning insignificantly correlated with job satisfaction. Secondly, career management significantly correlated with job satisfaction. Statistically, this result demonstrates that the career planning does not act as an important determinant of job satisfaction, career management act as an important determinant of job satisfaction in the career model of the organizational sample. In addition, discussion, implications and conclusion are elaborated.

  7. How website users segment a city: The geography of housing search in London

    OpenAIRE

    Rae, A.; Sener, E

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores spatial patterns of housing search in London, using data generated by users of the UK's most popular real estate portal. By focusing on the variable geographies of ‘search extent’, it attempts to make a contribution to a long line of studies focused on understanding the fragmented geography of metropolitan housing markets. It also builds upon more recent work in economics on the utility of user-generated search data. After introducing our approach, we discuss the backgroun...

  8. On the data between the ratio of new supply houses at four tenures in Japan. At 47 prefectures and 80 cities; 300,000 and more population on 1995; Shinsetsu chako jutaku no riyo kankeibetsu deta. 47 todofuken and 80 toshi (jinko 300,000 nin 'heisei 7 {center_dot} kokucho' ijo narabini kencho shozaishi)(1993 {approx} 1997)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iida, Toshihiko; Kojina, Kyoji

    1999-03-01

    On the owned tenure, the average construction-started ratio spreaded from 1.15 houses in Amagasaki-shi to 6.30 houses in Hamamatsu-shi during 1983 {approx} 1987, the same values spreaded from 1.42 houses in Amagasaki-shi to 5083 houses in Akita-shi during 1988 {approx} 1992 and the same values spreaded from 1.44 houses in Osaka-shi to 6.67 houses in Aomori-shi during 1993 {approx} 1997. 2nd on the rental tenure, the average construction-started ratio spreaded from 1.88 house in Sakai-shi to 14.32 houses in Ichikawa-shi during 1983 {approx} 1987, the same values spreaded from 3.72 houses in Sakai-shi to 13.93 houses in Kawasaki-shi during 1988 {approx} 1992 and from 2.82 houses in Yokosuka-shi to 9.88 houses in Sendai-shi during 1993 {approx} 1997, espicialy 13.17 houses in Nishinomiya-shi. 3rd on the issued tenure, the average construction-started ratio spreaded from 0.05 houses in Maebashi-shi 0.45 houses in Mito-shi during 1983 {approx} 1992 and from 0.02 houses in Naha-shi to 0.74 houses in Omiya-shi during 1993 {approx} 1997, espicialy 1.00 houses in Nishinomiya-shi. 4th on the for-sale tenure, the average construction-started ratio spraeded from 0.36 houses in Kurashiki-shi 5.65 houses in Kobe-shi during 1983 {approx} 1987, the same values spreaded from 0.89 houses in Iwaki-shi and Fukui-shi to 6.14 houses in Fukuoka-shi during 1988 {approx} 1992 and from 0.63 houses in Kurashiki-shi to 7.51 houses in Urawa-shi during 1993 {approx} 1997, especially 8.66 houses in Nishinomiya-shi. The construction-started hoses of the rental tenure were leading during this fifteen years, but the construction-started houses of the for-sale tenure were increasing recently in Japan, though the same values of the owned tenure were continuing during this periods. At 80 cities the construction-started ratio of the rental tenure spreaded from 2.61 houses in Kitakyushu-shi to 12.01 houses in Hachioji-shi on 1993, the same values spreaded from 2.41 houses in Toyota-shi to 9.98 houses in

  9. Unintended effects of urban and housing policies on integration: "white" discontent in the Dutch city

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.P.C. van Gent; S. Musterd

    2013-01-01

    Residential environments are a product of urban and housing policies and household responses. These environments develop as physical and social territories and have their own impacts on voting patterns. These specificities relate to several spheres of life, including political preferences and associ

  10. On the new supply houses per thousand heads during this five in Japan. At 47 prefectures and 80 cities; 300,000 and more population on 1995; Saikin 5 nenkan ni okeru riyo kankeibetsu jutaku chakodo suii. 47 todofuken and 80 toshi (jinko 300,000 nin 'heisei 7 {center_dot} kokucho' ijo narabini kencho shozaishi)(1993 {approx} 1997)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iida, Toshihiko; Kojina, Kyoji

    1999-03-01

    We studied before twice the construction-started houses per thousand heads during five years, 1983 {approx} 1987 and 1988 {approx} 1992 at 47 prefectures and 77 or 81 cities; 300,000 and more population and the cities of prefectural government in Japan. For the third time we study now the construction-started houses in Japan. We call the construction-started houses per thousand heads yearly the construction-started ratio at each areas. The average construction-started ratio was 11.10 houses during five years; 1983 {approx} 1987, so 12.51 houses during five years; 1988 {approx} 1992 and 11.99 houses during five years; 1993 {approx} 1997 in Japan. Then at prefectures the average construction-started ratio houses spreaded from 6.31 houses at Tottori-ken to 15.51 houses at Tokyo-to during 1983 {approx} 1987, so from 6.52 houses at Shimane-ken to 16.66 houses at Kanagawa-ken during five years; 1988 {approx} 1992 and from 8.01 house at Shimane-ken to 16.70 houses at Hyogo-ken during five years; 1993 {approx} 1997 in Japan. The same items of each tenure spreaded among some ranges during this period. Next we study on the four tenures, 1st on the owned tenure. On the owned tenure, the average construction-started ratio was 4.03 houses during 1983 {approx} 1987, so so 3.96 houses during 1988 {approx} 1992 and 4.39 houses during 1993 {approx} 1997 in Japan. 2nd on the rental tenure, the average construction-started ratio was 4.95 houses during 1983 {approx} 1987, so 5.87 houses during 1988 {approx} 1992 and 4.65 houses during 1993 {approx}1997 in Japan. 3rd on the issued tenure, the average construction-started ratio was 0.19 houses during five years; 1983 {approx} 1987, so 0.27 houses during five years; 1988 {approx} 1992 and 0.21 houses during five years; 1993 {approx} 1997 in Japan. 4th on the for-sale tenure, the average construction-started ratio was 1.93 houses during five years; 1983 {approx} 1987, so 2.41 houses during five years; 1988 {approx} 1992, so 2.73 houses

  11. The Cinematographic Representation of the City of Porto (as seen by the author in six films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Mota Santos

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Departing from a material cultural studies anthropology, the paper takes film production and consumption as part of representational systems, analysing the city image of Porto as represented in six Portuguese films of the 20 th century. Looking at what is filmed and how it is filmed, it highlights the main themes found in this city image production and discusses the role of film in the construction of a collective memory.

  12. 78 FR 7393 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; 2014 New York City Housing and Vacancy Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    ... Vacancy Survey (NYCHVS) under contract for the City of New York. The primary purpose of the survey is to... above. Owner/renter status (tenure) is asked for all occupied units. Utility costs, monthly rent... Hours: 9,400. Estimated Total Annual Cost: The only cost to respondents is that of their...

  13. Phthalates in dormitory and house dust of northern Chinese cities: Occurrence, human exposure, and risk assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hai-Ling; Song, Wei-Wei; Zhang, Zi-Feng; Ma, Wan-Li; Gao, Chong-Jing; Li, Jia; Huo, Chun-Yan; Mohammed, Mohammed O A; Liu, Li-Yan; Kannan, Kurunthachalam; Li, Yi-Fan

    2016-09-15

    Phthalates are widely used chemicals in household products, which severely affect human health. However, there were limited studies emphasized on young adults' exposure to phthalates in dormitories. In this study, seven phthalates were extracted from indoor dust that collected in university dormitories in Harbin, Shenyang, and Baoding, in the north of China. Dust samples were also collected in houses in Harbin for comparison. The total concentrations of phthalates in dormitory dust in Harbin and Shenyang samples were significantly higher than those in Baoding samples. The total geometric mean concentration of phthalates in dormitory dust in Harbin was lower than in house dust. Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) was the most abundant phthalate in both dormitory and house dust. The daily intakes of the total phthalates, carcinogenic risk (CR) of DEHP, hazard index (HI) of di-isobutyl phthalate (DiBP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), and DEHP were estimated, the median values for all students in dormitories were lower than adults who live in the houses. Monte Carlo simulation was applied to predict the human exposure risk of phthalates. HI of DiBP, DBP, and DEHP was predicted according to the reference doses (RfD) provided by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.EPA) and the reference doses for anti-androgenicity (RfD AA) developed by Kortenkamp and Faust. The results indicated that the risks of some students had exceeded the limitation, however, the measured results were not exceeded the limitation. Risk quotients (RQ) of DEHP were predicted based on China specific No Significant Risk Level (NSRL) and Maximum Allowable Dose Level (MADL). The predicted results of CR and RQ of DEHP suggested that DEHP could pose a health risk through intake of indoor dust. PMID:27186877

  14. Prevalence and Genetic Properties of Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium Definitive Phage Type 104 Isolated from Rattus norvegicus and Rattus rattus House Rats in Yokohama City, Japan▿ †

    OpenAIRE

    Yokoyama, Eiji; Maruyama, Soichi; Kabeya, Hidenori; Hara, Siro; Sata, Shin; KUROKI, Toshiro; Yamamoto, Tomoko

    2007-01-01

    Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium was isolated from the intestinal contents of Rattus rattus and Rattus norvegicus house rats captured at two buildings, designated buildings J and YS, in Yokohama City, Japan. From October 1997 to September 1998, 52 of 339 (15.3%) house rats were found to carry Salmonella serovar Typhimurium definitive phage type 104 (DT104). In building J, 26 of 161 (16.1%) house rats carried DT104 over the 1-year study period, compared to 26 of 178 (14.6%) rats in buil...

  15. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF TOURIST TRAFFIC AT THE CITY, COUNTY AND HOUSE IN CÂMPULUNG MUSCEL ARGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adelaida Cristina HONTUŞ

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is based on a comparative analysis of tourism demand and supply and the development of mountain tourism tendinţelorde plannaţional and internationally, the degree of capitalization of the mountain tourism in Romania, focusing on assessment of tourism in the tourist resort Campulung Muscel County Arges. The objective of this study consists of a comparative analysis of tourist traffic at the county level tourist resort and tourist board level. To perform this study we used a series of statistical data provided by the representatives of the City of Delhi Muscel on tourism and tourist traffic statistics on the county level and at the boarding house.

  16. Shaping the interior of city house from 19th century in Macedonia

    OpenAIRE

    Namicev, Petar; Namiceva, Ekaterina

    2015-01-01

    The traditional architecture of the city in the 19th century in Macedonia contains certain aesthetic values, which occupies a significant place shaping the interior. The elements of the interior are incorporated in the final process of building, in the final shaping of the internal layout of the premises. Typically incorporating certain elements previously prepared to a composition designed. The elements in the interior are musandras, cupboards, ceilings, shelves, handrails, internal doors...

  17. Bias due to sample selection in propensity score matching for a supportive housing program evaluation in New York City.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sungwoo Lim

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Little is known about influences of sample selection on estimation in propensity score matching. The purpose of the study was to assess potential selection bias using one-to-one greedy matching versus optimal full matching as part of an evaluation of supportive housing in New York City (NYC. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTINGS: Data came from administrative data for 2 groups of applicants who were eligible for an NYC supportive housing program in 2007-09, including chronically homeless adults with a substance use disorder and young adults aging out of foster care. We evaluated the 2 matching methods in their ability to balance covariates and represent the original population, and in how those methods affected outcomes related to Medicaid expenditures. RESULTS: In the population with a substance use disorder, only optimal full matching performed well in balancing covariates, whereas both methods created representative populations. In the young adult population, both methods balanced covariates effectively, but only optimal full matching created representative populations. In the young adult population, the impact of the program on Medicaid expenditures was attenuated when one-to-one greedy matching was used, compared with optimal full matching. CONCLUSION: Given covariate balancing with both methods, attenuated program impacts in the young adult population indicated that one-to-one greedy matching introduced selection bias.

  18. The House Sparrows Passer domesticus and Tree Sparrows Passer montanus: fine-scale distribution, population densities, and habitat selection in a Central European city

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šálek, Martin; Riegert, J.; Grill, S.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 50, č. 2 (2015), s. 221-232. ISSN 0001-6454 Institutional support: RVO:68081766 Keywords : House Sparrow * Tree Sparrow * urban environment * city green * built-up area * habitat selection * nest-site selection Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour Impact factor: 0.745, year: 2014

  19. Parasites in the city: degree of urbanization predicts poxvirus and coccidian infections in house finches (Haemorhous mexicanus.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathieu Giraudeau

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Urbanization can strongly impact the physiology, behavior, and fitness of animals. Conditions in cities may also promote the transmission and success of animal parasites and pathogens. However, to date, no studies have examined variation in the prevalence or severity of several distinct pathogens/parasites along a gradient of urbanization in animals or if these infections increase physiological stress in urban populations. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here, we measured the prevalence and severity of infection with intestinal coccidians (Isospora sp. and the canarypox virus (Avipoxvirus along an urban-to-rural gradient in wild male house finches (Haemorhous mexicanus. In addition, we quantified an important stress indicator in animals (oxidative stress and several axes of urbanization, including human population density and land-use patterns within a 1 km radius of each trapping site. Prevalence of poxvirus infection and severity of coccidial infection were significantly associated with the degree of urbanization, with an increase of infection in more urban areas. The degrees of infection by the two parasites were not correlated along the urban-rural gradient. Finally, levels of oxidative damage in plasma were not associated with infection or with urbanization metrics. CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: These results indicate that the physical presence of humans in cities and the associated altered urban landscape characteristics are associated with increased infections with both a virus and a gastrointestinal parasite in this common songbird resident of North American cities. Though we failed to find elevations in urban- or parasite/pathogen-mediated oxidative stress, humans may facilitate infections in these birds via bird feeders (i.e. horizontal disease transmission due to unsanitary surfaces and/or elevations in host population densities and/or via elevations in other forms of physiological stress (e.g. corticosterone, nutritional.

  20. Evaluation Clean Air Effects on Tehran City Residential Houses Price in 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aghapour Sabbagi M.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundsandObjectives: Environmental activitiesunknownprice and value caused establishing of some unique characteristics for mentioned commodities. One of these characteristics was existing gap between private and social cost and benefit. For assessing these activities different approaches include travel cost, willingness to pay and hedonic price had been suggested. According to Tehran's air pollution problem, in this study Hedonic approach had was used for the assessment of healthy air on Tehran's residential house price.Materials and Method : Hedonic approach is one of the methods that are used for evolution environmental goods. In this method, each good's price is estimated as a functions of that good`s properties. To gather this study information 300 questionnaires has been collected by random sampling from different area of Tehran.Result: Results revealed that activities in order to reduce air pollutions, in addition to environmental value have economical value form the point of view of consumers. Also, results show that willingness to pay of every Tehran's citizens for every square meter of house located in region with less pollution is between 1120 to 1350 thousands Rials.Conclusion: According to the obtained results can be said that, clean air as an environmental good from the viewpoint of consumers has economic value that can be calculated this value using methods such as Hedonic.

  1. Block-based Community in China’s Social Housing Development:A Case Study on Old City Renovation of Kashgar,Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Through the analysis of the international definition and classification of slums,this paper explores the development of China’s social housing system and the renovation of the Old City of Kashgar.It argues that one of the issues in China’s social housing system is to solve the problems of the scarcity of spatial elements and the lack of developmental driving force in large mixed communities of the Han and minority nationalities.Then it examines the elements of renovation and approaches based on a survey of the local residents in different parts of Kashgar City.Comparing the international development of traditional residential quarters and block-based communities,the paper points out that the block-based community is preferred for its impartiality and sustainability,and applies this mode to the renovation of the Old City of Kashgar in the form of design guidelines.

  2. Central-local authority relationships and the institutional process of city creation

    OpenAIRE

    Ai, Chi-Han; Elosua, Miguel; Li, Shantong

    2014-01-01

    As one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, China is experiencing the largest scale of urbanisation in human history. More and more land is required to support this massive urbanisation. However, rural land acquisition and compensation to the changes in farmers’ household registration (hukou) are complex issues in the process of urbanisation under the dual land tenure between city and rural areas in China. Furthermore, local government has been under increasing financial pressure af...

  3. Assessment and Selection of Materials for Melbourne City Council House 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Hes

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights the role of material selection in the development and contribution toward environmental excellence in the building project Council House 2 (CH2. The paper focuses on the assessment of material and the strategies used by the design team in CH2to ensure the best environmental result. The paper then goes on to explore in a case study the application of these strategies in the selection and specification of concrete on CH2. The purpose of the paper is to explore the difficulties and rewards of careful research of manufacturers' claims and the relative benefits of different materials. The paper concludes that the process of material selection adopted on this project has increased the education of architects and manufacturers alike as well as being environmentally beneficial.

  4. Analyzing the impact of rural housing credits on indices of physical development and housing patterns (Case study: villages in the central part of the city of Kashmar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javad Bazrafshan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Giving credit to the villages for physical development and strengthening housing is one of the strategies and programs implemented in rural areas that to some extent, it has caused the empowerment of villages. Some facility will be provided to villagers as the loans of the improvement of rural housing in Iran which have some restrictions and requirements according to infrastructure, materials, and plan of houses and these restrictions and requirements of these houses will distinct them from the traditional rural housing. The goal of this research is the Analyzing the impact of rural housing credits on indices of physical development and housing patterns. The method of the research is analytic-descriptive and the documentary and field methods are used for collecting data. The results show that the dimension of the impact of housing credit on physical development has the maximum effect on the index of the change of rural architecture pattern and in the dimension of housing credits on housing pattern; it has the maximum impact on the index of the type of housing.

  5. Study on Spatial Commercial Housing Distribution of Prices in Jinan City%济南市商品住宅价格空间分布研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓丽

    2011-01-01

    Through study on spatial distribution of commercial housing prices in Jinan city, characteristics and rule of spacial distribution of commercial housing prices are introduced, and elements which will affec commercial housing prices are determined. In order to promote development of commercial housing market in Jinan city, the housing industrial policies are formulated, and reasonable suggestions are put forward for carrying out urban plan.%通过对济南市商品住宅价格空间分布的研究,了解济南市商品住宅价格的空间分布的特征与规律,确定影响济南市商品住宅价格空间分布的因素,为促进济南市商品住宅市场的发展,政府制定住宅产业政策,合理进行城市规划等提出合理化的建议。

  6. The Low-Cost Housing Program of Puerto Princesa City, Palawan

    OpenAIRE

    Sayos, Anicia C.; Fernandez, Antonio C.

    1998-01-01

    With the passage of the Local Government Code in 1991, LGUs are challenged to efficiently manage its resources given the responsibility of delivery of basic services. With this premise, the “Population and Urbanization: Managing the Urbanization Process Under a Decentralized Governance Framework”, a joint project of the National Economic and Development Authority, Philippine Institute for Development Studies and Development Academy of the Philippines, has attempted to look at the means and st...

  7. The use of isotope ratios to apportion sources of lead in Jersey City, NJ, house dust wipe samples

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lead stable isotope ratio (IR) analysis by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was used to examine the relationship between sources of Pb in 22 dust wipe samples collected from 10 homes in Jersey City, NJ. Common lead sources examined included interior lead-based paints, exterior soils and street dusts, and indoor air. High correlations between IRs of wipe samples and both street dusts and exterior soils indicated these two exterior sources were indistinguishable. They were treated as a single exterior source in a source apportionment using IR matching and a simple mixing model. The upper-bound estimate of the contribution of interior lead-based paints to 10 floor- and eight sill-wipe samples was 56% and 50%, respectively. It was not possible to apportion sources in four of the 22 samples because wipe sample IRs were outside the range of measured sources. Examination of means obscures the variability in the data, however, as eight of the 18 apportioned samples matched interior or exterior source media. In most cases, however, sources from outside the home contribute as much Pb to house dust wipe samples as interior lead-based paints. (Copyright (c) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. All rights reserved.)

  8. Socioeconomic residential segregation and public housing policies. An approach from the Program “Mi Casa, Mi Vida”. Case study in the city of Cordoba, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florencia Molinatti

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to analyze the possible effects of the housing program “Mi Casa, Mi Vida” in socioeconomic residential segregation in the city of Córdoba (Argentina. These effects are estimated from the study of the socioeconomic residential composition (before and after the implementation of the program, the mapping of residential movements generated by the program and the application of bivariate autocorrelation techniques. Among the key findings, most of the program beneficiaries are concentrated in poor areas surrounded by others in similar conditions. This fact favors the existence of a large cluster of poverty in the peripheries of the city and promotes marginalization and social exclusion.

  9. 15 CFR 50.40 - Fee structure for statistics for city blocks in the 1980 Census of Population and Housing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... blocks in the 1980 Census of Population and Housing. 50.40 Section 50.40 Commerce and Foreign Trade... the 1980 Census of Population and Housing. (a) As part of the regular program of the 1980 census, the Census Bureau will publish printed reports containing certain summary population and housing...

  10. [Changes in the social situation of old-age pensioners in a city (an interval study) (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werling, H; John, H; John, H P

    1978-01-01

    The results of the study reveal that on the one hand a considerable share of the care required by ageing citizens is provided by members of their family, their friends and neighbours, but on the other hand that due to the forms of life of modern society, especially in cities, the management and organization of the care of the aged must be improved in all its stages in order to register and help every single person in this category in need for help. To achieve this objective all bodies concerned with caring for aged people should work jointly and in a co-ordinated fashion. Owing to the fact that, in our opinion, the present organizational forms of social care no longer meet the requirements determined by the humanitarian objectives of our socialist state the authors propose that new approaches should be elaborated, discussed and introduced. PMID:746656

  11. The "housing question" and the state-socialist answer: city, class and state remaking in 1950s Bucharest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chelcea, Liviu

    2012-01-01

    Housing nationalization as a solution to urban inequalities has a long history in European social thought. This article describes housing nationalization in a state-socialist context. Using a political economy perspective and relying on recently released archival material about housing in 1950s Romania, I argue that nationalization may be regarded as a special type of urban process. Nationalization raised the occupancy rate and intensified the usage of existing housing, desegregated centrally located neighborhoods, turned some residential space into office space for state institutions, facilitated the degradation of the existing housing stock and gradually produced a socialist gentry. Aside from similarities with other state-socialist nationalizations from the same period, Romanian nationalization resembled the housing policies of other statist regimes. The data also suggest that, even in the context of revolutionary change, the state is a sum of multiple, often diverging projects, rather than a coherent actor. PMID:22518885

  12. Away from cities, informal developments provide affordable housing for those on low incomes, but conditions are often poor

    OpenAIRE

    Sullivan, Esther; Olmedo, Carlos

    2014-01-01

    For many, informal settlements are an urban characteristic normally equated with developing countries, and not the United States. Esther Sullivan and Carlos Olmedo look at the rise of informal housing that often reaches far beyond the U.S.-Mexico border. Through a survey of residents in two informal housing communities in Texas, they find that home self-building provides an affordable way for people to obtain housing on little means. They also write that support is needed for those in informa...

  13. The Effect of Renting Cost on Housing Demand in the Isfahan City Period of Time (1981-2011)

    OpenAIRE

    Amir Hortamani; Hossien Ostadi; Marzieh Memar

    2014-01-01

    One of the major problems is the lack of investment in rental housing. Experience has shown that cash transfers under a proper system of financing not only will not lead to economic mobility but does observe the effects of inflation in the housing sector and being active in the market to buy and sell real estate as a rapid increase in housing prices provides asset forms. In this study, the demand for rental housing in particular, the factors and the fee will form around it. Statistics used in...

  14. Private Low-Cost Housing and the Peri-Urban Frontier: The economics of building outside Indian cities

    OpenAIRE

    Sinha, Nikhilesh; Dastur, Shahen

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the role that the private sector can play in the creation of low-cost housing stock in India. We use theoretical and empirical evidence to establish the optimality of locating low-cost housing projects in peri-urban areas, and illustrate this with a case study of a successful low-cost housing project in Shapar-Veraval district in Gujarat. We conclude by suggesting that an infrastructure subsidy for low-cost developments in peri-urban locations may spur investment and addit...

  15. Review of the volume Expertiza etica si actiune sociala, author Mihaela FRUNZA, published at Tritonic Publishing House, Cluj

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Caras

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This article represents the review of the volume Expertiza etica si actiune sociala, which is written by author Frunza. The purpose of the article is to expose the main defining aspects brought into discussions by the author, and also to expose the original elements identified in the content of the volume.

  16. House Slaves

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Rising house prices in China’s major cities is a major headache for people taking a first step on the property ladder and has led to a growing number sacrificing quality of life just to have a home of their own Closely watching the family’s spend- ing a

  17. Clay Houses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedro, Cathy

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author describes a project designed for fourth-graders that involves making clay relief sculptures of houses. Knowing the clay houses will become a family heirloom makes this lesson even more worth the time. It takes three classes to plan and form the clay, and another two to underglaze and glaze the final products.

  18. Energy Performance and Thermal Comfort of a High Efficiency House: RhOME for denCity, Winner of Solar Decathlon Europe 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriele Battista

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The increase of people living in large cities and the expansion of new urban areas are keys to defining new sustainable models. It is estimated that about 70% of the EU population lives in urban areas, and it is expected to reach 80% by 2030. Consequently, it is important to find a new concept of buildings that can reduce the total energy consumption. The Solar Decathlon is an international university competition, born in 2002, created by the U.S. State Energy Department (DOE. Students are challenged to design and operate a full-scale, innovative and sustainable house able to exploit solar radiation as its sole energy source. The objective of the competition is to promote research and education in sustainable architecture and solar energy fields. This paper presents an overview on the contribution of LIFT (Interdisciplinary Laboratory of Technical Physics of Roma Tre University to the winning project of the Solar Decathlon Europe 2014 competition: The RhOME for denCity. This project consists of a building properly designed to produce a solar-powered house that is cost-effective, energy-efficient, and attractive.

  19. Investigations on the Sociological Issue of Terrorism. Book review at the volume Sociologia terorismului. Author Maria-Cristina Aboboaie. Iasi, Romania: Lumen Publishing House, 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio SANDU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Maria Cristina Aboboaie’s volume called Sociologia terorismului and published in 2014 at Lumen Publishing House aims to pave the way to such approach with sociological specificity, of the terrorism phenomenon itself, and also of the profound speech generated by the phenomenon of counter-terrorism. The sociological perspective on terrorism comes to complete the one of national security, that will outline a vision on the dynamic of the phenomenon, both in its extension and intension. Due to many acceptations that this phenomenon presents, the author of the volume requires a terminology clarification to explain the reader on the complex meanings of the terrorist phenomenon in the current world.

  20. Investigation of dreamy city Slavutich in Ukraine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The new huge steel structure to cover the entire Chernobyl Reactor Building completed for the first stage and we visited Chernobyl last December. We visited also the hospital for all the Ukraine people who got the radiation from Chernobyl. We are impressed by the city where the hospital locates. There were a lot of workers required for Chernobyl recovery. They needed their resident houses. They decided to make the dreamy city for their residence and then constructed Slavutich city within two years where 24.700 people are living right now by free of charge. There are 11 story apartments and the independent houses with the garden where the people with three children can live. In Fukushima after two years from the bad accident the people are living in the tentative cold houses. There are only the bad news in Fukushima and I strongly insist to make the dreamy city in Fukushima to remember the smiles for the people. (author)

  1. 78 FR 28602 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Public and Indian Housing Resident Opportunity and Self...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-15

    ... CONTACT: Joseph E. Taylor, Grants Management Center, Office of Public and Indian Housing, Department of... Authority of the City of 209 Madison Street. Frederick MD......... 21701 216,000 Frederick....

  2. Housing Dependence and Intimate Relationships in the Lives of Low-Income Puerto Rican Mothers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Sherri Lawson; Burton, Linda M.; Flippen, Chenoa A.

    2011-01-01

    Using longitudinal ethnographic data from the Three-City Study, the authors examined the relationship between 16 low-income Puerto Rican mothers' housing dependencies and their intimate partner relations. This study traced mothers' dependent housing arrangements and entree to marital or cohabiting relationships from their teens through their…

  3. Applying the Hedonic Pricing Model to the Prices of Single-Family Homes in the Oldest U.S. City, St. Augustine, Florida, Testing Whether Property Taxes Are Capitalized into Housing Prices

    OpenAIRE

    Angjellari-Dajci, Fiorentina; Cebula, Richard

    2014-01-01

    This empirical investigation applies a hedonic pricing model to determine whether property taxes have been capitalized into housing prices of single-family homes in city of St. Augustine, Florida housing market for single family homes. There were sufficient data in this context to study a total of 4,017 single-family houses for the six-year period from 2008 to 2013 period. The sales price and property tax levels are expressed real terms, i.e., in 2005 dollars. The semi-log estimation reveals,...

  4. Description on the town housing termite's prevention and control in Lu'an city%六安市城镇房屋白蚁防治现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄光明

    2012-01-01

    本文介绍了当下六安市城镇房屋白蚁防治工作的具体方法,以化学防治措施为主,监测控制技术防治为辅,严格遵循预防为主,防治结合,综合治理白蚁防治的工作原则.%This paper introduces the methods for termite' s prevention and control of urban housing in Lu' an city. Chemical control is the main method, supplemented by monitor-controlling technology. Strictly following the integrated control principle of termite .which is focus on termite' s prevention, combining the termite' s prevention and control.

  5. Control on Housing Segregation:Housing Modes and Public Policies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>1. Housing segregation:advocating or controlling?The phenomenon of housing segregation has become more and more obvious in Chinese cities in recent years; however, there is no agreement on whether it should

  6. Housing in Los Angeles: Affordable Housing for the Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Los Angeles Blue Ribbon Committee for Affordable Housing, CA.

    A 1988 mayoral committee assessed the seriousness of Los Angeles (California) housing problems and found that the city's housing efforts were sufficient in the 1960s, when the Federal Government took primary responsibility for housing and the average wage was adequate to support the cost of the average house or apartment. However, the following…

  7. Isolation and Identification of Pathogenic Filamentous Fungi and Yeasts From Adult House Fly (Diptera: Muscidae) Captured From the Hospital Environments in Ahvaz City, Southwestern Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kassiri, Hamid; Zarrin, Majid; Veys-Behbahani, Rahele; Faramarzi, Sama; Kasiri, Ali

    2015-11-01

    Musca domestica L., 1758 is capable of transferring a number of pathogenic viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites to animals and humans. The objective of this study was to isolate and identify medically important filamentous fungi and yeasts from adult M. domestica collected from two wards of three hospital environments in Ahvaz city, Khuzestan Province, southwestern Iran. The common house flies were caught by a sterile net. These insects were washed in a solution of 1% sodium hypochlorite for 3 min and twice in sterile distilled water for 1 min. The flies were individually crushed with sterile swabs in sterile test tubes. Then 2 ml of sterile normal saline (0.85%) was added to each tube, and the tube was centrifuged for 5 min. The supernatant was then discarded, and the remaining sediment was inoculated with a sterile swab in the Sabouraud's dextrose agar medium containing chloramphenicol. Isolation and identification of fungi were made by standard mycological methods. In this research, totally 190 M. domestica from hospital environments were captured. In total, 28 fungal species were isolated. The main fungi isolated were Aspergillus spp. (67.4%), Penicillium sp. (11.6%), Mucorales sp. (11%), Candida spp. (10.5%), and Rhodotorula sp. (8.4%). Among the house flies caught at the hospitals, about 80% were found to carry one or more medically important species of fungi. This study has established that common house flies carry pathogenic fungi in the hospital environments of Ahvaz. The control of M. domestica in hospitals is essential in order to control the nosocomial fungal infections in patients. PMID:26405077

  8. Drug Abuse in the New York City Schools. A Report of the Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control, House of Representatives, Ninety-Fifth Congress, Second Session (August 30-September 1, 1978).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC.

    The January 1977 hearing by the U.S. House Select Committee on Narcotics Abuse and Control mandated three days of further hearings in 1978. The focus was upon New York city schools, but reflected many similar situations in other urban school systems according to the committee's judgement. The committee also found that alcohol and marihuana usage…

  9. Chamberlain Heights Redevelopment: A Large Scale, Cold Climate Study of Affordable Housing Retrofits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Donnelly, K. [Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB), Norwalk, CT (United States); Mahle, M. [Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB), Norwalk, CT (United States)

    2012-03-01

    The City of Meriden Housing Authority (MHA) collaborated with affordable housing developer Jonathon Rose Companies (JRC) to complete a gut renovation of 124 residential units in the Chamberlain Heights retrofit project. The affordable housing community is made up of 36 buildings in duplex and quad configurations located on 22 acres within two miles of downtown Meriden, CT. The final post-retrofit analysis showed 40-45% source energy savings over the existing pre-retrofit conditions.

  10. Housing Cooperatives and Social Capital: The Case of Vienna

    OpenAIRE

    Richard Lang; Andreas Novy

    2011-01-01

    Drawing on the case of Vienna, the article examines the role of third sector housing for social cohesion in the city. With the joint examination of an organisational and an institutional level of housing governance, the authors apply an interdisciplinary, multi-level research approach which aims at contributing to a comprehensive understanding of social cohesion as a contextualised phenomenon which requires place-based as well as structural (multi-level) solutions. Using a larg...

  11. Integrated GPR and ERT as Enhanced Detection for Subsurface Historical Structures Inside Babylonian Houses Site, Uruk City, Southern Iraq

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Khersan, Emad H.; Al-Ani, Jassim M. T.; Abrahem, Salah N.

    2016-03-01

    Uruk archaeological site, which located in Al-Muthanna Governorate southern Iraq, was investigated by integrated geophysical methods, ground penetration radar (GPR) and electric resistivity tomography (ERT) to image the historical buried structures. The GPR images show large radar attributes characterized by its continuous reflections having different widths. GPR attributes at shallower depth are mainly representing the upper part of Babylonian Houses that can often be found throughout the study area. In addition, radargrams characterized objects such as buried items, buried trenches and pits which were mainly concentrated near the surface. The ERT results show the presence of several anomalies at different depths generally having low resistivities. It is clear that the first upper zone can be found throughout the whole area and it may represent the top zone of the Babylonian houses. This zone is characterized by its dry clay and sandy soil containing surface broken bricks and slag mixed with core boulders. The second one underneath the top shows a prominent lower resistivity zone. It is probably caused by the moisture content that reduces the resistivity. The thickness of this zone is not equal at all parts of the site. The third deeper zone typically represents the archaeological walls. Most of the main anomalies perhaps referred to the buried clay brick walls. The map of the archaeological anomalies distribution and 3D view of the foundations at the study area using GPR and ERT techniques clearly show the characteristics of the Babylonian remains. A contour map and 3D view of Uruk show that the archaeological anomalies are concentrated mainly at the NE part of the district with higher values of wall height that range between 6 and 8 m and reach to more than 10 m. At the other directions, there are fewer walls with lower heights of 4-6 m and reach in some places the wall foot.

  12. Housing Dynamics: Theory Behind Empirics

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Ping; Xie, Danyang

    2014-01-01

    We construct a dynamic general equilibrium model of housing, incorporating some key features that bridge time and space. We model explicitly the evolution of housing structures/household durables and the separate role played by land, fully accounting for households’ locational choice decisions. Housing services derive positive utility, but are decayed away from the city center. Our model enables a full characterization of the dynamic paths of housing as well as housing and land prices. The mo...

  13. Marriage and the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gautier, Pieter; Svarer, Michael; Teulings, Coen

    Do people move to cities because of marriage market considerations? In cities singles can meet more potential partners than in rural areas. Singles are therefore prepared to pay a premium in terms of higher housing prices. Once married, the marriage market benefits disappear while the housing...

  14. 市场转型期中国大城市低收入社区住房分异研究%Housing Differentiation in Low-Income Neighbourhoods in Large Chinese Cities under Market Transition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳林; 杨刚斌; 何深静

    2014-01-01

    基于2007年在广州、武汉、西安3个大城市的低收入社区开展的大型入户调查数据,在社区尺度探究了中国大城市低收入社区中不同社会经济群体间的住房分异情况,并分析了在社会经济转型背景下的制度因素(如户口、邻里类型、雇主类型等)和市场因素(如社会群体、年龄、受教育程度、家庭收入、职业等)对住房产权和居住条件的影响。通过计算泰尔指数发现,大城市低收入社区中不同群体间和群体内的住房分异情况都较显著,但群体内部的差异较群体间的差异更为明显。对住房条件的多元回归分析结果表明,低收入社区不同社会群体的住房条件在不同程度上受到制度因素和市场因素的影响。制度因素对住房面积等难以在短时间内改变的住房条件的作用较市场因素更显著,而市场因素对于住房设施等较易改变的住房条件的影响要比制度因素明显。%Based on a large-scale household survey conducted in low-income urban neighborhoods in three large Chinese cities, i.e. Guangzhou, Wuhan and Xi′an, this study examines China′s low income urban neigh-borhoods’between-group and within-group housing differentiation defined by different socioeconomic charac-teristics, and analyzes various determinants of housing differentiation under market transition, including institu-tional factors (hukou, neighborhood type, employer type, etc.) and market factors (social group, age, educa-tion, Household income, occupation, etc.). This study aims to present a comprehensive portrait of housing dif-ferentiation in low-income urban neighborhoods, and to understand how the confluence of state and market forces contribute to housing differentiation. The merits of this study mainly lie in two aspects:first, based on first-hand data source, this article presents a meticulous examination of housing differentiation within and be-tween groups categorized

  15. Pollution and city size: can cities be too small?

    OpenAIRE

    Borck, Rainald; TABUCHI Takatoshi

    2015-01-01

    We study the optimal and equilibrium size of cities in a monocentric city model with environmental pollution. Pollution is related to city size through the effect of population on production, commuting, and housing consumption. If pollution is local, we find that equilibrium cities are too large, mirroring standard results in the theory of city systems. When pollution is global and per capita pollution declines with city size, however, equilibrium cities may be too small.

  16. Architectural and environmental retrofit of public social housing: opportunity for contemporary city. A case history in Rome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spartaco Paris

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Declension of the terms Reduce, Reuse, Recycle in relation to urban development, nowadays offers the opportunity for a new generation of spaces and architectures that interpret construction – dilapidated, neglected worn out or abandoned – as a real resource and hence value. Renewal activities concern new programmes and projects for rethinking uses, meanings and values which existing construction – from the individual building to the neighbourhood – contain and which can change. Indeed, nowadays, a series of design approaches can be acknowledged and consolidated; European best practices which reinterpret renewal projects – including energy regeneration –, not limiting themselves to technological and typological updating of buildings, but also to urban and social implications. The paper proposes to document these advanced reference scenarios, flanked by educational experimentation and research being performed in case studies developed together with Rome’s local building authority (ATER.

  17. 现代化背景下中国城市住宅发展所面临的问题%The problems of house development in the context of the modernization of Chinese cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐娅; 杨豪中

    2011-01-01

    Aim Based on the history and modem development of Chinese cities, to explore the constructional system and developmental strategy of urban houses, then to redefine ways of development of urban houses in civil level , to accomplish new development of city. Methods Literature review, field investigation and theoretic analysis are combinated. Results The house development in Chiese cities bears tasks in terms of impvoving living of people , protecting resources and environment, keeping lower cost of house, and earring on cultural tradition. The macro-control and positive intervene of government would be necessary. Conclusion In the context of modernization, the development of urban houses should try to follow the sustainable strategy, and show more respect to the site of houses; The potential gap between conventional house and modern house should be understood; and a rational and efficient construction mechanism and policy should be emphasized based on market environment and people's capability.%目的 基于中国城市的历史和现代化发展,寻求对城市住宅建设体系和开发策略进行探寻,重新在城市的层面上制定住宅发展方式,实现城市的新发展.方法 查阅文献、野外调研和理论分析相结合.结果 现代化背景下的中国城市住宅发展面临着改善居民生活、保护资源与环境、保持较低成本、传承传统文化等问题.政府的宏观调控和积极干预成为解决问题的必要条件.结论 现代化背景下的城市住宅发展应努力制定可持续性策略,展现出对住宅所处基址更多的尊重;理解传统住宅和现代住宅之间的潜在隔阂;根据市场条件、普通市民的可承受度,强调理性和高效的建设机制和规范系统.

  18. Perceived spatial stigma, body mass index and blood pressure: a global positioning system study among low-income housing residents in New York City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dustin T. Duncan

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Previous research has highlighted the salience of spatial stigma on the lives of low-income residents, but has been theoretical in nature and/or has predominantly utilised qualitative methods with limited generalisability and ability to draw associations between spatial stigma and measured cardiovascular health outcomes. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate relationships between perceived spatial stigma, body mass index (BMI, and blood pressure among a sample of low-income housing residents in New York City (NYC. Data come from the community-based NYC Low-income Housing, Neighborhoods and Health Study. We completed a crosssectional analysis with survey data, which included the four items on spatial stigma, as well objectively measured BMI and blood pressure data (analytic n=116; 96.7% of the total sample. Global positioning systems (GPS tracking of the sample was conducted for a week. In multivariable models (controlling for individual-level age, gender, race/ethnicity, education level, employment status, total household income, neighborhood percent non-Hispanic Black and neighborhood median household income we found that participants who reported living in an area with a bad neighborhood reputation had higher BMI (B=4.2, 95%CI: -0.01, 8.3, P=0.051, as well as higher systolic blood pressure (B=13.2, 95%CI: 3.2, 23.1, P=0.01 and diastolic blood pressure (B=8.5, 95%CI: 2.8, 14.3, P=0.004. In addition, participants who reported living in an area with a bad neighborhood reputation had increased risk of obesity/overweight [relative risk (RR=1.32, 95%CI: 1.1, 1.4, P=0.02 and hypertension/pre-hypertension (RR=1.66, 95%CI: 1.2, 2.4, P=0.007. However, we found no differences in spatial mobility (based GPS data among participants who reported living in neighborhoods with and without spatial stigma (P>0.05. Further research is needed to investigate how placebased stigma may be associated with impaired cardiovascular health among individuals

  19. On the Permanent dwelling households on the HOUSING SURVEY. At 47 prefectures and 13 cities; Oct {center_dot} 1988, 1993; Keizoku kyoju jokyo: 47 todofuken {center_dot} 13 daitoshi. Heisei 5 nen, jutaku tokei chisa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kojina, Kyoji; Iida, Toshihiko; Hayashi, Teruaki

    1999-03-01

    In the 1960s the population moved from rural district to urban areas in Japan, afterward the movement of population between cities has been violent matters under social basic change, for reasons changing dwelling spots, change of job and place, school. We get the period of continued current dwelling of households on each tenure which are divided into seven ranks on 1988, eight ranks on 1993. So we express in a figure on accumulation ratio of the permanent dwelling households numbers on every rank and analyze the character. So to say, on the case of households of average movement the figure on accumulation ratio of permanent dwelling is the liner type, and on the case with little movement for long times the figure on accumulation ratio of permanent dwelling is the liner type, and on the case with little movement for long times the figure is located underneath, then on the case with intensive movement the figure is located above in graph. The permanent dwelling households under 17.75 years on Survey 1993 was 62.44 % in Japan, 65.74 % on Survey 1988. The same values of owned tenure was 45.41 %, at rental tenure was 86.98 % and at issued tenure was 94.58 % on Survey 1993. At 47 prefectures the accumulation ratio of the permanent dwelling households under 17.75 years on 1993 Housing Survey were scattered from 42.07 % in Ak ita-ken to 19.87 % in Hokkaido at total households, at owned tenure from 29.00 % in Shimane-ken to 57.65 % in Hokkaido and at rental tenure from 78.55 % in Wakayama-ken to 95.77 % in Toyama-ken and at issued tenure from 88.77 % in Nara-ken to 98.76 % in Okinawa-ken. At 13 large-cities the accumulation ratio of the permanent dwelling households under 17.75 years on 1993 Housing Survey were scattered from 64.54 % in Kyoto-shi to 83.41 % Sapporo-shi at total households, at owned tenure from 43.37 % in Tokyo-23ku to 68.59 % in Sapporo-shi and at public rental tenure from 57.89 % in Kawasaki-shi to 88.57 % in Sapporo-shi. Then the same values were

  20. Application of global positioning system methods for the study of obesity and hypertension risk among low-income housing residents in New York City: a spatial feasibility study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dustin T. Duncan

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using global positioning system (GPS methods to under- stand the spatial context of obesity and hypertension risk among a sample of low-income housing residents in New York City (n = 120. GPS feasibility among participants was measured with a pre- and post-survey as well as adherence to a pro- tocol which included returning the GPS device as well as objective data analysed from the GPS devices. We also conducted qualitative interviews with 21 of the participants. Most of the sample was overweight (26.7% or obese (40.0%. Almost one-third (30.8% was pre-hypertensive and 39.2% was hypertensive. Participants reported high ratings of GPS acceptabil- ity, ease of use and low levels of wear-related concerns in addition to few concerns related to safety, loss or appearance, which were maintained after the baseline GPS feasibility data collection. Results show that GPS feasibility increased over time. The overall GPS return rate was 95.6%. Out of the total of 114 participants with GPS, 112 (98.2% delivered at least one hour of GPS data for one day and 84 (73.7% delivered at least one hour on 7 or more days. The qualitative interviews indicated that overall, participants enjoyed wearing the GPS devices, that they were easy to use and charge and that they generally for- got about the GPS device when wearing it daily. Findings demonstrate that GPS devices may be used in spatial epidemiology research in low-income and potentially other key vulnerable populations to understand geospatial determinants of obesity, hypertension and other diseases that these populations disproportionately experience.

  1. 基于云技术的智慧城市中大规模房屋数据处理%Using Cloud Technologies for Large-Scale House Data in Smart City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾羽琚; 陈明辉

    2014-01-01

    在智慧城市中传感器和设备收集各种数据,实现增值服务。主要关注来自智慧城市中的智能房屋数据,提出用于存储和处理大规模房屋数据的Scallop4SC平台,实现智慧城市服务。房屋数据分为房屋日志数据和房屋配置数据,分别使用HBase和MYSQL管理。通过HBase键值以schemaless方式存储管理异构日志数据。 MySQL管理配置数据,完成房屋数据查询。多节点 Hadoop/MapReduce 集群处理巨量房屋日志数据。最后通过实际一年的房屋日志数据,计算智能设备能耗并完成实验性评估。根据实验结果,探讨Scallop4SC处理智慧城市的数据规模。%In the smart city environment, a wide variety of data are collected from sensors and devices to achieve value-added services. In this paper, we especially focus on data taken from smart houses in the smart city, and propose a platform, called Scallop4SC, that stores and processes the large-scale house data. The house data is classified into log data or configuration data. Since the amount of the log is extremely large, we introduce the Hadoop/MapReduce with a multi-node cluster. On top of this, we use HBase key-value store to manage heterogeneous log data in a schemaless manner. On the other hand, to manage the configuration data, we choose MySQL to process various queries to the house data efficiently. We propose practical data models of the log data and the configuration data on HBase and MySQL, respectively. Then we show how Scallop4SC works as an efficient data platform for smart city services. We conduct an experimental evaluation to calculate device-wise energy consumption, using actual house log recorded for one year in our smart house. Based on the result, we discuss the applicability of Scallop4SC to city-scale data processing.

  2. Determination of radon in the air of housings of the Aguascalientes municipality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study reports the results of the first exploratory sampling of the radon concentration in the air in a group of housings of the Aguascalientes City, Mexico. The municipality of Aguascalientes was divided in 4 sampling areas considering a total of 179 housings. In these housings, the radon concentration in the air was monitored during a period of 10 days. The results obtained in this study indicate that the radon concentration in the air of 45% of the sampling housings overcomes the concentration limit of 250 Bq/m3 suggested by the EPA. (Author)

  3. 居民商品住房满意度研究——以义乌市为例%Commercial Housing Residents Satisfaction Research—— take Yiwu city as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小平

    2015-01-01

    With the increasing rates of consumption demand of commercial housing in China, researches on resident housing satisfaction get more recognition by real estate industry.Delphi method and Analytic Hierarchy Process were used to set up satisfaction evaluation system of commercial housing,and the weight coefficient of evaluation indicators.On the basis of the analysis of questionnaire survey,resident housing satisfaction of Yiwu city is evaluated,and the suggestion of improving the satisfaction degree of commercial housing is put forward.%随着我国消费性商品住房比重的增加,房地产行业越来越重视居民住房满意度的研究.通过建立居民商品住房满意度评价体系,利用德尔菲法和层次分析法确定了影响满意度各因素的重要性权重,在居民住房满意度问卷调查分析的基础上,对义乌市居民商品住房满意度进行了评价,最后提出改善居民商品住房满意度的建议.

  4. 我国城市住房价格合理性评价研究——以南昌市为例%Study on Appraisal of Rationality of Housing Price in Chinese Cities -A Case Study of Nanchang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乐建明

    2011-01-01

    This paper makes use of the three methods of residual income method, monthly payments in total household income ratio, and transverse comparative statistical data in major cities to derive simple for- mula to define the boundaries of housing price to income ratio. It defines the parameters of it combined with the actual market situation, and analyzes the relativity of housing price to income ratio and housing afford- ability index. Then it calculates and analyzes the housing prices to income ratio from 2004 to 2009 and the housing affordability index from 2004 to 2008 in Nanchang.%利用剩余收入法、月供款占家庭收入比例控制法、各大城市统计数据横向比较法这3种思路,推导出简便易行的公式确定房价收入比的界限,并结合市场实际情况对房价收入比的相关参数进行界定,分析了房价收入比与住房负担能力指数之间的相关性。以南昌市为例,计算分析了南昌市2004--2009年房价收入比和南昌市2004--2008年住房负担能力指数。

  5. The large-scale multi-story housing extensions as a prevaling expression of the post-socialist urban transformations. The case study of the neighborhood Stara Zeleznicka Kolonija, the city of Nis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vranic Petar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study considers how unstructured extensive housing upgrading has influenced social relations within fully upgraded multi-story housing areas during post-socialist urban transformations in the city of Nis. Two perspectives were adopted in the analysis: the evaluation of the planning and management of the upgrading process, and changes in the social relation in respect to changes in the built environment and social structure within the neighborhood after upgrading. The investigation is based on a triangulation approach relying on interviews, policy and regulation reviews, and observations. The research was carried out as a case study, analyzing the upgrading process at the city level but elaborating its effects on the example of the neighborhood of Stara Zeleznicka Kolonija (SZK. The research suggests a regressive approach to the planning of the upgrading process with critical implications both for community life in the fully regenerated neighborhoods, and the quality of the built environment. The research also indicates that within an inconsistent legislative environment, market-driven housing regeneration processes may lead to generic development with the denial of local social and physical specificities.

  6. Primary housing market in Elblag from 2008 till the first quarter of 2012 – selected aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcin Duda

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available National housing market is one of the first business branches which suffered an economic slowdown due to the global economic crisis started in United States of America in 2007. In this study author presents a situation of the primary housing market in Elblag and evaluates its development prospects in upcoming years. The research hypothesis is that the external factors related to the macroeconomic issues and Elblag’s internal problems, cause constant decline in prices of new housing, similarly to other Polish cities. To confirm the presented hypothesis and the evaluation of development possibilities, the author studies housing transaction price fluctuations for the properties built and sold by developers from 2008 till the first quarter of 2012. He also analyse demographic situation of the city, mortgages market and changes in GDP and GDP per capita over the past few years.

  7. Urban Decline and Durable Housing

    OpenAIRE

    Edward L. Glaeser; Joseph Gyourko

    2005-01-01

    Most of America’s largest cities in 1950 have declined since then. In these declining areas, most homes cost less than the cost of new construction. In 1990, nearly 60 percent of all owner-occupied single-unit residences in Midwest central cities were valued at less than the cost of construction. Indeed, these declining cities appear to persist because of the durability of housing. We present a durable housing model that explains a number of facts about urban dynamics. Housing durability expl...

  8. Who now handles social housing provision? The role and performance of housing associations

    OpenAIRE

    Veronica Coatham

    1995-01-01

    In Britain, Housing Associations are organizations whose prime objectives are to develop and manage housing for people in housing need and who are on low incomes. They are sometimes referred to as the “voluntary housing sector” or the “third arm” of rented housing provisions, separate from private sector landlords and rented housing provided by statutory local (municipal) housing authorities. This article discusses the role of housing associations in the UK housing market.

  9. The impact of housing policies and housing markets on ethnic spatial segregation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Hans Skifter; Andersson, Roger; Wessel, Terje;

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines how ethnic segregation is connected to an ethnic division of the housing market and a spatial separation of different housing tenures in four Nordic cities. Explanations for the differences across the cities are found by comparing housing markets and housing policies. The...... housing markets are in all four cities ethnically segmented with high concentrations of immigrants in some forms of tenures (especially social/public housing) and low concentrations in others. We further discuss the reasons for the observed pattern. The paper shows that the spatial distribution of...... housing, while co-operative housing is crucial in the fourth. It is also shown that a policy of neighbourhood tenure mix in one of the cities has resulted in a relatively low degree of segregation in spite of high concentrations of immigrants in social/public housing....

  10. Suburbs and Cities

    OpenAIRE

    William N. Goetzmann; Matthew I. Spiegel; Susan M. Wachter

    1996-01-01

    This paper addresses the issue of how closely the fortunes of suburbs are tied to the fortunes of the central city. We use similarities in residential housing price dynamics as a measure of how closely the economies of cities and suburbs are related. We develop housing price indices for most of the zip codes in California, and use these in a clustering procedure to see whether cities and suburbs naturally aggregate together, or whether they move separately. We find that central cities tend to...

  11. Evaluating House Price Forecasts

    OpenAIRE

    John M. Clapp; Carmelo Giaccotto

    2002-01-01

    House prices, unlike stock prices, appear to be predictable with some degree of accuracy. We use an autoregressive process to model the time series behavior of a city-wide house price index, and then produce one-quarter ahead forecasts for individual properties. Better real estate decisions require forecasting models with desirable properties for prediction errors (PEs). We propose that managers use a battery of tests to compare PEs; in particular, non-parametric smoothing of the empirical di...

  12. Investigations on the Sociological Issue of Terrorism. Book review at the volume Sociologia terorismului. Author Maria-Cristina Aboboaie. Iasi, Romania: Lumen Publishing House, 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio SANDU

    2015-01-01

    Maria Cristina Aboboaie’s volume called Sociologia terorismului and published in 2014 at Lumen Publishing House aims to pave the way to such approach with sociological specificity, of the terrorism phenomenon itself, and also of the profound speech generated by the phenomenon of counter-terrorism. The sociological perspective on terrorism comes to complete the one of national security, that will outline a vision on the dynamic of the phenomenon, both in its extension and intension. Du...

  13. Healthy Cities: a guide to the literature.

    OpenAIRE

    Kenzer, M

    2000-01-01

    The author reviews the literature on attempts by city governments, international agencies, and nongovernmental and community organizations to improve city life around the world through Healthy Cities projects.

  14. A Regular City

    OpenAIRE

    Arina Sharavina

    2015-01-01

    The article describes the first plans of Chita, which served as the basis for the city development. It presents contribution to the city history made by the Decembrist Dmiry Zavalishin’s, who was the first author of the city development plan. Peculiarities of the quarter development of the realized city plan are also presented.

  15. Housing Choice Voucher Program Support Division (PSD)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) Program Management Programmatic Report for April to June 2010. This is inofrmation collected from Housing Authorities across the nation...

  16. The Czech Population's Opinions on the Housing Situation and Housing Policy: Does the Czech Republic Have 'Housing Classes'?

    OpenAIRE

    Kostelecký, Tomáš

    2005-01-01

    Using data from the representative survey Housing Attitudes 2001 the author analyses the opinions of the Czech population on the situation in the housing market & general attitudes towards housing-related issues & housing policy. The article focuses on uncovering the connections between attitudes towards various aspects of housing policy & the respondents' positions in the housing market. On the basis of the results of the analyses the usefulness of the theory of 'housing classes' in the Czec...

  17. Operational Bottlenecks and Countermeasures of House Refuse Logistics System in Great Cities of China%我国大城市生活垃圾物流系统运作瓶颈与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵长东

    2011-01-01

    Along with the acceleration of urbanization and the increase of urban population of our county, house refuse logistics system in many big cities become difficult to satisfied the increasingly requirements of people's living standard. This article starts from the logistics operation processes of the metropolitan house refuse: collection、 classification、 transportation、 terminal treatment to analyze the bottleneck of the whole operation processes of the house refuse logistics system, and raises the countermeasures to build an efficient logistics system of the municipal solid waste based on this.%随着我国城市化进程的加快,城市人口数量的增加,许多大城市的生活垃圾物流系统难以满足日益提高的人民生活水平要求.本丈从大城市生活垃圾物流的运作流程:收集、分类,运输、末端处理分析了整个垃圾物流系统运作流程瓶颈,并据此提出了建立高效的城市生活垃圾物流系统的对策.

  18. Department of Energy Civilian Energy Programs Authorization Act for fiscal year 1987. US House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session, July 28, 1986

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The House Science and Technology Committee report accompanying H.R. 4929 is favorable, with some changes, to the appropriation bill. The report lists 20 amendments to the bill which are primarily changes or additions to funding proposals. A list of witnesses who testified at hearings relating to the bill and subcommittee activities explain the rationale for raising the budgets for fossil energy, energy conservation, solar and geothermal programs, and general research, and deletions or reductions of other items. The report also addresses the need for information and technology transfers between scientists in the public and private sectors. Descriptions of specific programs include committee views of the programs as well as the funding levels. The report concludes with a review of how the legislation will affect existing law and the economy and with a recommendation for passage and dissenting views of the committee

  19. From Communicative Action to Social Practices. Book review Actiune comunicativa, justitie deliberativa si restaurativa – authors Antonio Sandu and Elena Unguru, Tritonic Publishing House, 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loredana TEREC-VLAD

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The book „Actiune comunicativa, justitie deliberativa si restaurativa. Perspective socio-juridice asupra medierii si probatiunii” (Communicative Action, Deliberative and Restorative Justice. Socio-legal Perspectives on Mediation and Probation published by Antonio Sandu and Elena Unguru under the aegis of Tritonic Publishing House calls for philosophical, sociological and legal reflections, being a transdisciplinary lesson about justice (Ciucã, A., 2014. The aim of this paper is to analyse the changes within the social reality; understanding the societal avatars is the result of an interpretative agreement achieved through communicative action (Sandu, A., Unguru, E. 2014. The paper has two parts, which provide an exhaustive analysis of mediation and probation.

  20. Ndebele Inspired Houses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rice, Nicole

    2012-01-01

    The house paintings of the South African Ndebele people are more than just an attempt to improve the aesthetics of a community; they are a source of identity and significance for Ndebele women. In this article, the author describes an art project wherein students use the tradition of Ndebele house painting as inspiration for creating their own…

  1. Housing culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roesdahl, Else; Scholkmann, Barbara

    On houses and their furniture and fittings, and on the study of this - with a comparison of rural, urban, monastic and aristocratic housing, and a special section on heating technologies.......On houses and their furniture and fittings, and on the study of this - with a comparison of rural, urban, monastic and aristocratic housing, and a special section on heating technologies....

  2. Enacting a Progressive Housing Agenda

    OpenAIRE

    Dreier, Peter

    1993-01-01

    The election of President Bill Clinton has put the problems of our cities, including housing and poverty, back on the national agenda. What does it really mean to say that an issue like housing is "back on the agenda"? After twelve years of Reagan-Bush anti-housing policies (policies enacted with the complicity of the Democrats in Congress, I might add), we have come so far from any real vision of a decent fed­ eral housing policy, that even returning to where we were in 1980 would leave us f...

  3. Determination of radon in the air of housings of the Aguascalientes municipality; Determinacion de radon en el aire en viviendas del municipio de Aguascalientes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jasso G, M.R.; Lira P, M.G.; Bonilla P, A.; Ruvalcaba S, L.; Gutierrez S, K.M.; Sandoval A, G.E. [Instituto Tecnologico de Aguascalientes, Av. Lopez Mateos 1801, 20256 Aguascalientes (Mexico); Sanchez H, L. [CNSNS, Dr. Barragan 779, 03020 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)]. e-mail: jassogonzalezre@yahoo.com.mx

    2006-07-01

    This study reports the results of the first exploratory sampling of the radon concentration in the air in a group of housings of the Aguascalientes City, Mexico. The municipality of Aguascalientes was divided in 4 sampling areas considering a total of 179 housings. In these housings, the radon concentration in the air was monitored during a period of 10 days. The results obtained in this study indicate that the radon concentration in the air of 45% of the sampling housings overcomes the concentration limit of 250 Bq/m{sup 3} suggested by the EPA. (Author)

  4. Interdependence of the green system to the verious functional system of the urban area (housing, work, recreation, technical infastructure) the city of Skopje, R. Macedonia

    OpenAIRE

    Sandeva, Vaska; Despot, Katerina

    2011-01-01

    In a series of methods to achieve ecological balance in the urban environment, planning and construction of green system has a special place. This activity accompanies contemporary urban planning and as a science and practice, but in each case requires a specific approach. Formation principles and predict the effects of green planning systems are closely linked to the definition of the nature and content of the term "green system". "Green system of cities and other local bodies is a com...

  5. Valuation of Environmental Goods in Profit and Non-Profit Housing Sectors: Evidence from the Rental Market in the City of Zurich

    OpenAIRE

    Silvia Banfi; Massimo Filippini; Andrea Horehájová

    2008-01-01

    This paper analyses the impact of electromagnetic pollution, noise and air pollution on the rent level for the aggregated and disaggregated market in the city of Zurich, Switzerland. Although there is no conclusive assessment about the health impacts of electromagnetic radiation people are nonetheless concerned about possible long term risks associated with the exposure. This risk perception may affect the price of dwellings located close to antenna. The regression results show that the envir...

  6. Seismic damage prediction of old houses in Chuzhou City and comparison analysis with actual damage%滁州市老旧房屋震害预测及与实际地震震害对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹均锋; 刘庆忠; 张毅; 冯伟栋; 孙景江

    2013-01-01

    基于现场调查,并结合震害方面的经验,对滁州城区量大面广的老旧房屋的特点、抗震薄弱环节进行了评述;运用易损性概率分析法对所调查的老旧房屋进行了震害预测;进一步搜集了大量震害资料,总结了类似房屋的震害矩阵,对震害预测结果进行了对比检验.所得结果可供同类城市震害预测借鉴参考.%First,features and seismic weak links of old houses in Chuzhou City were commented in this paper based on field investigation and experience.Then,future earthquake damage of the surveyed old houses was predicted through probabilistic analysis of building earthquake disaster vulnerability.Next,actual seismic damage statistics was conducted based on lots of seismic damage data to validate the predicted seismic vulnerability.The presented seismic damage prediction and validation methods may give a reference to other technicians engaged in similiar works.

  7. PPP模式在贵阳市廉租房建设中的探索应用分析%The Exploration and Application of PPP Model in the Analysis of Low-rent Housing Construction in Guiyang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨海彬

    2012-01-01

    廉租房项目是由政府牵头的面向低收入人群的工程,但项目由于其投资量大,融资模式缺乏造成地方政府资金无法独立完成项目.本文试引入公私合作关系(PPP,public-private partnership)这种新兴融资模式解决廉租房融资困境,并用实物期权法与基于层次分析法下模糊评价法,对贵阳市廉租房项目在新融资模式下的财务可行性及风险进行估计,并所出现的问题进行探讨以寻求解决途径.%Low-rent housing construction is the key project that our government makes great efforts to carry on. This project is an urban housing system which aims to help the low-income groups. Lack of financing modes results the government in under-developed areas cannot carry out the project independently with only government funds. This thesis introduces the PPP (public-private partnership) mode, uses real option method and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation which based on analytic hierarchy process, tries to evaluate the financial viability and risk of Guiyang city low-rent housing project under ppp (public-private partnership) mode. At the end, discuss the problems emerging in the analytic process and find solutions.

  8. Helminth Infections of House Mouse (Mus musulus and Wood Mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus from the Suburban Areas of Hamadan City, Western Iran.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Yousefi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available To determine the prevalence and intensity of helminths and their zoonotic importance in small rodents inhabiting in the suburban areas of Hamadan City, Iran.The present survey was conducted on the helminth infections of two species of rodents Apodemus sylvaticus (n=60 and Mus musculus(n=72 in the suburban areas of Hamadan City during 2010-2012. Rodents were collected and examined for helminth in the different organs. The nematodes were collected in 5% formalin solution and cleared in lactophenol, cestodes and trematodes collected from intestine fixed in AFA solution and stained by acetocarmine, cleared in xylol for identification.Helminths found in A. sylvaticus and M. musculus and their prevalence for the first time in suburban areas of Hamadan City were as follows; In A. sylvaticus: Cysticercus fasciolaris(3.33%, Syphacia fredrici(26.67%, S. stroma(8.33%, Anoplocephalidae sp. (1.67%, Skrjabinotaenia lobata(5%, Plagiorchis muris(1.67% and in M. musculus:Hymenolepis nana (16.67%, H.diminuta (5.55%, S. obvelata(30.56%, S. ohtarom (9.72%, Rodentolepis crassa (1.39%, C. fasciolaris (1.39%. Among 11 species in two rodents 4 species including S. obvelata, H. nana, H.diminuta,and P. muris have zoonotic importance. Statistically the relation between gender and their helminth infections was not significant in either M. musculus or A. sylvaticus (P>0.05.This study reports 11 species of helminths and on the other hand 3 species were identified for the first time in Iran and 5 species of them have potential health importance for public health and cat.

  9. Mass Housing and Changings in Housing Demand, Case of Diyarbakir, Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Sinemillioglu, M. Oguz; Akýn, Can Tuncay; Özyýlmaz, Havva

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this study is to analyze changings in housing demand, especially in term of house size in Diyarbakýr case, in Turkey. Though Housing in Turkey is in a free market system, there is a Mass Housing Administration (TOKÝ) has been doing mass houses for, relatively, middle class income people. Diyarbakýr, one of the cities that TOKÝ has done two thousand houses, has taken too much migration, so that the demand in housing form and structure has different alterations. This process should b...

  10. Is China’s Housing Overpriced?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴璟; 刘洪玉

    2007-01-01

    Based on the data from 36 major cities in 2004 and 2005, this paper analyses the rationality of present housing price level, focusing on the high price-to-income ratio in the market. The results indicate that, current property prices in most cities are reasonable, and the problem occurs only in a few cities. Housing difficulties for urban dwellers are mainly twofold: low affordability of down payment by first-time homebuyers, and low affordability by low-income and medium low-income households. In order to achieve social harmony in the housing sector and provide a healthy environment for the housing market, the government should improve the public housing system and increase input to make public housing affordable.

  11. Housing Systems and Ethnic Spatial Segregation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Hans Skifter; Andersson, Roger; Wessel, Terje;

    Residential spatial segregation is related to housing markets and housing policies. In this paper, ethnic segregation is compared across four Nordic capitals and explanations for the differences are examined by comparing the housing markets and housing policies of the countries. The housing markets...... composition of neighbourhoods. Ethnic segmentation of housing tenures thus contributes to segregation, but the effect is much dependent on how tenures are distributed across space. In one of the cities, the policy of neighbourhood tenure mix has resulted in a relatively low degree of segregation in spite of...

  12. The Role of Housing Type and Housing Quality in Urban Children with Asthma

    OpenAIRE

    Northridge, Jennifer; Ramirez, Olivia F.; Stingone, Jeanette A.; Claudio, Luz

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this study was to assess the relationship between type and quality of housing and childhood asthma in an urban community with a wide gradient of racial/ethnic, socioeconomic, and housing characteristics. A parent-report questionnaire was distributed in 26 randomly selected New York City public elementary schools. Type of housing was categorized using the participants’ addresses and the Building Information System, a publicly-accessible database from the New York City Department of...

  13. THE MAIN CULPRIT IN ALLERGIC RHINITIS - HOUSE DUST OR HOUSE DUST MITE

    OpenAIRE

    Abhey

    2015-01-01

    Allergic rhinitis especially perennial type makes life miserable for the patient. House dust mite is one of the major players causing it. This study is to compare the allergen i n city of house dust mite versus house dust and evaluate any cross - allergenicity between them. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study in a tertiary referral ...

  14. Haunted by Houses

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNeece, Molly

    2009-01-01

    Two fourth-grade teachers presented the idea of using the author's art class to inspire the students to write creatively. The theme of scary stories needed an art project to match. The author immediately had a favorite lesson in mind. By putting a small twist on one of her standard "Frank Lloyd Wright House" projects, scary plans began to take…

  15. The demise of compound houses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Jørgen; Eskemose Andersen, Jørgen

    2006-01-01

    The compound house has long provided the accomodation required by low income households in West African cities. In Kumasi, Ghana, evidence suggests that no new compounds are being built. Instead, the city is being ringed by relatively affluent villa-style development while neighbourhoods dominated...... the neighbourhood unity is a challenge for urban planners. However they represent good value for money, cost little to build, suit traditional inheritence patterns, allow independent life at low cost and allow sharing of services with a finite and known group (albeit within a potential conflictive...... characteristics of compound housing and analyses the advantages and disadvantages of life within such housing in Kumasi. Issues of privacy, image and communal life are usually cited by occupants dissatiesfied with life in compound houses, and the difficulty of extending them without spoiling the open spaces and...

  16. Radon house doctor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The term house doctor may be generalized to include persons skilled in the use of instruments and procedures necessary to identify, diagnose, and correct indoor air quality problems as well as energy, infiltration, and structural problems in houses. A radon house doctor would then be a specialist in radon house problems. Valuable experience in the skills necessary to be developed by radon house doctors has recently been gained in an extensive radon monitoring and mitigation program in upstate New York sponsored by Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation and the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority. These skills, to be described in detail in this paper, include: (i) the use of appropriate instruments, (ii) the evaluation of the symptoms of a radon-sick house, (iii) the diagnostic procedures required to characterize radon sources in houses, (iv) the prescription procedures needed to specify treatment of the problem, (v) the supervision of the implementation of the treatment program, (vi) the check-up procedures required to insure the house cured of radon problems. 31 references, 3 tables

  17. CARTOGRAFÍA DE LA CIUDAD: LA CASA SUBVERSIVA EN NACISTE PINTADA (1999 DE CARMEN BERENGUER Cartography of the city: The subversive house in Naciste Pintada by Carmen Berenguer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Calderón

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available La escritura de Carmen Berenguer se sustenta en dos preguntas fundamentales: ¿Cuál es el lugar de la literatura? y ¿Si soy mujer, quién soy? Así, la hibridez discursiva en Naciste Pintada participa de una rearticulación de lo urbano desde la perspectiva de una mujer poeta habitando un mundo fragmentado y fragmentario. La ciudad descrita es neo-barroca, maquillada y, esencialmente, travesti. La casa, inmanente y femenina -lugar de la especula(rización de la mujer- deviene pública y subvierte el discurso hegemónico de la ciudad, trascendente y masculina. La pérdida de su carácter privado altera el imaginario de la casa y favorece los cambios sociales. En Naciste pintada hay dos discursos de la mujer insertos en dos ciudades significativas: uno es poético (Valparaíso, centro perdido de la poeta y el otro coloquial (Santiago, su hábitat. La casa, figura metonímica, sugiere otra cartografía significante de la ciudad y plantea la aterritorialidad de la mujer en el mundo posmoderno.Carmen Berenguer’s writing is shaped by two fundamentals questions: What is the place of literature? And if I’m a woman, who am I? Thus, the discursive hybridism contemplated in Naciste Pintada is part of a new urban articulation from a female poet’s vision living in a fragmented world. The city described in this novel is neo-baroque, maked-up and essentially disguised. The home, immanent and feminine, place of woman’s specula(risation, becomes public, and denatures the hegemonic discourse of the city, transcendent and masculine. The lost of its private characteristic subverts the house’s imaginary and implies social changes. In Naciste Pintada, we perceive two women’s discourses inserted in two specifics cities: the first one is poetic (Valparaiso, the lost center of the poet, and the other is colloquial (Santiago, her habitat. The house, metonymic trope, suggests another significant map of the city, and establishes the woman aterritoriality in

  18. City 2020+

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, C.; Buttstädt, M.; Merbitz, H.; Sachsen, T.; Ketzler, G.; Michael, S.; Klemme, M.; Dott, W.; Selle, K.; Hofmeister, H.

    2010-09-01

    several public transport units running all across the city. This is accompanied by an analysis of probability density functions (PDF) for heat waves based on recent climate data and climate projections. A dense net of 40 PM measurement sites is operated in order to obtain the spatial pattern of PM concentration as depending on meteorological condition and location. It is lined out how this climate related sub-projects interact with investigations on social networks, governance issues, buildings structure development and health outcome. Related to the later the chemical composition of PM is analyzed in more detail and related to the spatial patterns of health deficiencies. At a later stage City2020+ will propose new strategies based on cooperation from the fields of medicine, geography, sociology, history, civil engineering, and architecture for adapting the city for future needs. The Project CITY 2020+ is part of the interdisciplinary Project House HumTec (Human Sciences and Technology) at RWTH Aachen University funded by the Excellence Initiative of the German federal and state governments through the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation, DFG).

  19. Determination of radon levels in Mexico City

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study of the determination of radon levels in the houses room in Mexico City is part of the project Emanometry of the radon. To carry out this study, the passive method was used, which consists of: thin film dosemeter of cellulose nitrate, container of the same one and spark accountant. The method is based on the mensurations of exhibition of the number of marks of alpha track is of the open type and it allows to average the radon activity along several weeks and it presents low concentrations. This study was carried out in 4 periods of exhibition of 3 months each one. (Author)

  20. Spatial Dependence in House Prices: Evidence from China's Interurban Housing Market

    OpenAIRE

    Gong, Yunlong; Boelhouwer, Peter; Haan, Jan

    2014-01-01

    "Spatial thinking" is increasingly popular in housing market studies and spatial dependence across properties has been widely investigated in the intra-city housing market. The contribution of this paper is to study the spatial dependence and spillover effect of house prices from an interurban perspective, referring to the spatial interaction across local housing markets. The extensive literature study concludes that following behavior, migration and equity transfer and spatial arbitrage of c...

  1. Allegheny County Housing and Community Environment Inspections

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Residential housing inspections and inspections in response to complaints for community environment problems, such as open vacant structures, vacant lots with...

  2. Futures of cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2008-01-01

    Arkitektskole. Bogen  har 3 dele. Principles: Copenhagen Agenda for Sustainable Living, 10 principper udviklet af Ugebrevet Mandag Morgen illustreret af arkitektstuderende. Congress: Futures of Cities, Emerging Urbanisms- Emerging Practices, oplæg fra unge tegnestuer til temaet fremlagt på Student Congress......Bogen dokumenterer resultater fra den internationale kongres Futures of Cities arrangeret af IFHP International Federation of Housing and Planning, Realdania, Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole og City of Copenhagen. Kongressen blev afholdt i september 2007 i Øksnehallen og på Kunstakademiets...

  3. Malaysian Affordability Housing Policies Revisited

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samad Diwa

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Housing has always been a significant aspiration of family expression and distinctly priciest investment by household. It plays a momentous role in the country’s economy and so central to the societal well-being that is emplaced in the United Nation Universal declaration of Human rights. Yet in developed and developing world alike, cities struggle to provide decent housing for lower and middle income population. The provision of affordable housing is a major policy concern around the world with Malaysia being no exception; rising income hardly keep pace with price hike of housing unit and housing interventions has majorly concentrated on demand side leading to a non-responsive supply sector. Therefore, this paper highlights affordable housing issues pertaining Malaysia. It formulates Malaysian Map of affordability and conducts an evaluation of global housing schemes to better identify policy priorities for Malaysia. It’s significant to harmonize supply and demand side factors in the housing market to ensure that housing supply fits the needs of citizens based on the location, price and target group. In case of Malaysia supply oriented initiative are of urgency in short and medium run. This must be supported by long term demand side schemes in parallel. Convergence of these two factors is essential for a balanced equilibrium and obtaining affordability.

  4. Instructions for Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>1.Items of the paper Title,author’s name and working unit,abstract,key words,text and reference. 2.Author and working unit Entitled authors should be those involved in the research and would be able to answer relevant questions.The working units,cities and

  5. American Houses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张梦华

    2004-01-01

    American houses usually have private kitchens,a living room and sometimes separate areas for eating and watching television,A house usually has its own mailbox,a yard with plants or perhaps a lawn,and a place to store garbage out of sight.

  6. Housing Booms and Busts, Labor Market Opportunities, and College Attendance

    OpenAIRE

    Kerwin Kofi Charles; Erik Hurst; Notowidigdo, Matthew J.

    2015-01-01

    We study how the recent national housing boom and bust affected college enrollment and attainment during the 2000s. We exploit cross-city variation in local housing booms, and use a variety of data sources and empirical methods, including models that use plausibly exogenous variation in housing demand identified by sharp structural breaks in local housing prices. We show that the housing boom improved labor market opportunities for young men and women, thereby raising their opportunity cost o...

  7. New mediterranean elements in contemporary housing. The case of Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    In the face of increasing and differentiating the low-cost housing demand and the trend of establishing new paradigms in the contemporary housing design, the architectural investigation has replaced into its disciplinary statement the topic of housing as central question in research and design experimentation. The city of Barcelona has codified in the last years innovative modalities of public management in social housing, offering interesting points of reflection on the idea of housing and o...

  8. Subsidized Housing, Public Housing, and Adolescent Violence and Substance Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leech, Tamara G. J.

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the separate relationships of public housing residence and subsidized housing residence to adolescent health risk behavior. Data include 2,530 adolescents aged 14 to 19 who were children of the National the Longitudinal Study of Youth. The author used stratified propensity methods to compare the behaviors of each…

  9. Fear and Loathing in the Housing Market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chauvet, Marcelle; Gabriel, Stuart; Lutz, Chandler

    determination of national and city-specific housing returns, the VIX, foreclosures, and returns on subprime mortgage credit-default swaps. Further, the effects of housing distress on returns are asymmetric and stronger during times of crisis. Overall, results suggest that real estate and related markets are...

  10. Fear and Loathing in the Housing Market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chauvet, Marcelle; Gabriel, Stuart; Lutz, Chandler

    the determination of subprime mortgage credit-default swaps, the VIX, foreclosures, and national or city-specific housing returns. Further, the effects of housing distress on returns are asymmetric and stronger during times of crisis. Overall, results suggest that real estate and related markets are...

  11. Housing, Urban Renewal and Socio-Spatial Integration. A Study on Rehabilitating the Former Socialistic Public Housing Areas in Beijing

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaoxi Hui

    2013-01-01

    The initiative of this study derived from my concern of two critical urban issues in China today: housing and urban renewal. In the recent two decades, the Chinese urban housing stock underwent a significant, if not extreme, transformation. From 1949 to 1998, the urban housing stock in China largely depended on the public sector, and a large amount of public housing areas were developed under the socialistic public housing system in Beijing and other Chinese cities. Yet in 1998, a radical hou...

  12. CDBG Housing Activity

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — CDBG activity related to housing, including multifamily rehab, housing services, code enforcement, operation and repair of foreclosed property and public housing...

  13. The City Mouse and the Country Mouse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Once two mice (老鼠) were good friends. One lived in the city, the other lived in the country (乡村). After many years, the city mouse came to see the country mouse. The country mouse took him to his house in a field. He gave him the nicest food that he could find. The city mouse said,

  14. The Housing Question of Young Families in Cheliabinsk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurevich, M. A.; Radilovskaia, T. Iu.

    2009-01-01

    In the city's target program to implement the national project "Accessible and Comfortable Housing for the Citizens of Russia," in Cheliabinsk a great deal of attention is being focused on supplying young families with housing. The financing of the program for 2006 to 2010 comes to 17,884,000 rubles, provided from city, oblast, and federal budgets…

  15. 24 CFR 266.100 - Qualified housing finance agency (HFA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Qualified housing finance agency... AUTHORITIES HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY RISK-SHARING PROGRAM FOR INSURED AFFORDABLE MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Housing Finance Agency Requirements § 266.100 Qualified housing finance agency (HFA). (a)...

  16. Passive houses in Norway

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Halse, Andreas

    2008-12-15

    The paper analyzes the introduction of passive houses in the Norwegian house market. Passive houses are houses with extremely low levels of energy consumption for heating, and have not yet been built in Norway, but have started to enter the market in Germany and some other countries. The construction sector is analyzed as a sectoral innovation system. The different elements of the innovation system are studied. This includes government agencies, producers, consumers, finance and education. The analysis shows that passive and low-energy houses are on the verge of market breakthrough. This can partly be explained by economic calculations, and partly by processes of learning and change in the institutional set-up of the sector. The construction sector is a sector characterized by low innovative intensity and little interaction between different agents. Those working to promote passive houses have to some extent managed to cope with these challenges. This has happened by breaking away from the traditional focus of Norwegian energy efficiency policies on technology and the economically rational agents, by instead focusing on knowledge and institutional change at the level of the producers. (Author)

  17. Diversidad de arañas (Arachnida: Araneae asociadas con viviendas de la ciudad de México (Zona Metropolitana Spider diversity (Arachnida: Araneae associated with houses in México city (Metropolitan area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Gabriel Durán-Barrón

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available La ecología urbana es un área de investigación relativamente reciente. Los ecosistemas urbanos son aquellos definidos como ambientes dominados por el hombre. Con el proceso de urbanización, insectos y arácnidos silvestres aprovechan los nuevos microhábitats que las viviendas humanas ofrecen. Se revisaron arañas recolectadas dentro de 109 viviendas durante los años de 1985 a 1986, 1996 a 2001 y 2002 a 2003. Se cuantificaron 1 196 organismos , los cuales se determinaron hasta especie. Se obtuvo una lista de 25 familias, 52 géneros y 63 especies de arañas sinantrópicas. Se utilizaron 3 índices (ocupación, densidad y estacionalidad y un análisis de intervalos para sustentar la siguiente clasificación: accidentales (índice de densidad de 0-0.9, ocasionales (1-2.9, frecuentes (3.0-9.9 y comunes (10 en adelante. Se comparan las faunas de arañas sinantrópicas de 5 países del Nuevo Mundo.Urban ecology is a relatively new area of research, with urban ecosystems being defined as environments dominated by humans. Insects and arachnids are 2 groups that successfully exploit the habitats offered by human habitations. We analyzed the occurrence and densities of spiders found in houses in México City. We used material collected between 1985 and 2003. We recorded 1 196 spiders from 109 houses. The list includes 25 families, 52 genera and 63 species of synanthropic spiders. Indices of ocupation, density and seasonality, as well as rank analyses were used to make the following classification of synanthropism: accidental (density index 0-0.9, occasional (1-2.9, frequent (3.0-9.9 and common (10 or more. The synanthropic spider faunas of 5 New World countries are compared.

  18. 深圳市征收地拆迁自动评估信息系统的研制%RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF AUTOMATED VALUATION INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR LAND EXPROPRIATION AND HOUSES DISMANTLEMENT AND REMOVAL IN SHENZHEN CITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿继进; 唐琳; 李炜文; 刘颖; 张俊平

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of our study is to develop an automated valuation information system for the compensation of land expropriation and houses dismantlement and removal ( LHAVS) in Shenzhen City in order to improve the operation efficiency of compensation valuation in regard to dismantlement and removal and the quality of the corresponding results. The method used in our study is that taking the automated valuation model as the basis, employing computer technology to establish the overall framework of LHAVS for Shenzhen. The outcomes of our study are; making clear the background, targets and contents as well as the overall design concept of system in regard to the research and development of LHAVS for Shenzhen; realising the integration of system functions of valuation business in different types and the automatisation of valuation operation on the basis of uniform database and software platform. The conclusion gained is that the implementation of LHAVS provides a useful exploration in guaranteeing the objectivity, impartiality and rationality of valuation results for the compensation of urban land expropriation and house dismantlement and removal.%研究目的:开发深圳市征收地和房屋拆迁补偿自动评估信息系统,提高拆迁补偿评估工作效率和成果质量.研究方法:以自动评估模型为基础,应用计算机技术,建立深圳市征收地拆迁自动评估信息系统总体架构.研究结果:明确深圳市征收地拆迁自动评估信息系统研究和开发的背景、目标、内容及系统的总体设计思路,基于统一的数据库和软件平台,实现不同类型评估业务的系统功能集成和评估工作的自动化.研究结论:系统实现对保障城市征收地拆迁补偿评估结果的客观、公正和合理性提供了有益探索.

  19. Title: The Impact of 2006-2012 CReSIS Summer Research Programs that Influence Student's Choice of a STEM Related Major in College Authors: Dr. Darnell Johnson Djohnson@mail.ecsu.edu Elizabeth City State University, Elizabeth City, North Carolina 27909 Dr. Linda Hayden Haydenl@mindspring.com Elizabeth City State University, Elizabeth City, North Carolina, 27909

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, D.

    2013-12-01

    Abstract: Researchers, policymakers, business, and industry have indicated that the United States will experience a future shortage of professionals in the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) fields. Several strategies have been suggested to address this impending shortage, one of which includes increasing the representation of females and minorities in the STEM fields. In order to increase the representation of underrepresented students in the STEM fields, it is important to understand the motivational factors that impact underrepresented students' interest in STEM academics and extracurricular programs. Research indicates that greater confidence leads to greater interest and vice versa (Denissen et al., 2007). In this paper, the mathematics research team examined the role of practical research experience during the summer for talented minority secondary students studying in STEM fields. An undergraduate research mathematics team focused on the link between summer research and the choice of an undergraduate discipline. A Chi Square Statistical Test was used to examine Likert Scale results on the attitude of students participating in the 2006-2012 Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets (CReSIS) Summer Research Programs for secondary students. This research was performed at Elizabeth City State University located in northeastern North Carolina about the factors that impact underrepresented students' choices of STEM related majors in college. Results can be used to inform and guide educators, administrators, and policy makers in developing programs and policy that support and encourage the STEM development of underrepresented students. Index Terms: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM), Underrepresented students

  20. Laud and Satire of the Authority during Peruvian Viceroyalty: the Loa al corregidor Valdivieso, an Unknown Piece from the City of Piura (1775

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Prendes Guardiola

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The present work states the existence of a short theatrical piece represented in 1775 during the celebrations for the coming to power of Matías de Valdivieso as corregidor (crown official of Piura. Prior to the transcription of the text, it summarizes and comments its contents, and identifies its features as typical of the post-Calderon courtier loa (introductory piece gender, conceived not as a laudatory discourse but as a «miniature comedy». Also, it conducts an approximation to the circumstances in which the loa was represented and which explain its conservation in records of a judicial process because of insults against in Piura’s authorities.

  1. Conformal house

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ryttov, Thomas Aaby; Sannino, Francesco

    2010-01-01

    fixed point. As a consistency check we recover the previously investigated bounds of the conformal windows when restricting to a single matter representation. The earlier conformal windows can be imagined to be part now of the new conformal house. We predict the nonperturbative anomalous dimensions at...... the infrared fixed points. We further investigate the effects of adding mass terms to the condensates on the conformal house chiral dynamics and construct the simplest instanton induced effective Lagrangian terms...

  2. Housing Market and Housing Investment (Japanese)

    OpenAIRE

    UNAYAMA Takashi

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to explain why housing investment in Japan stagnated in the 2000s. Housing investment consists of two parts: replacement and a net increase of housing stock, which can be further decomposed into changes in the number of households and the housing utilization rate. Using the Housing and Land Survey, it is shown that all of the following factors caused the decrease in housing investment: house replacement decreased due to an increasing share of non-wooden houses and collective h...

  3. Sustainable Planning to Foster a Quality Living Environment of Public Housing: The Hong Kong Housing Authority's Experience%以可持续规划缔造公营房屋优质居住环境:香港房屋委员会的经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯宜萱; 苏洁琼; 徐会夫

    2013-01-01

    The Hong Kong Housing Authority (HKHA) is a statutory body committed to providing affordable quality housing to people who cannot afford private housing. About 30% of the 7 million population in Hong Kong is living in public rental housing, and another 15% of the population are living in subsidized sale flats provided by HKHA. Currently, we have a stock of about 720 000 flats in our public rental estates. To meeting the rising demand for public housing flats, we are building an average of 15 000 new flats every year with a rolling 5-year programme. Although we are striving hard to meet the quantitative flat production target under severe land, community and environmental constraints, we have never set aside our established qualitative goals for sustainability, which include providing homes for safe, green and healthy living in harmonious communities, developing properties that are functional and cost-effective, environment-friendly and people-oriented. Over the past decade, we have been progressively developing and implementing a series of new initiatives and tools in the planning and design stages so as to foster a quality living environment for our residents. Such footsteps are worth recording and sharing among the planning profession so that the lessons learnt can spur further improvements. This paper makes reference to HKHA' s experience of the initiatives adopted in the feasibility study stage, the conceptual layout planning stage and the scheme design stage. It covers how HKHA makes use of its sustainable planning and design approaches to keep pace with the rising public aspiration for quality living environment of public housing in Hong Kong. The HKHA also works closely with the local community to foster the concept of harmonious society. In short, our public housing programme has been the keystone to the stability and prosperity of Hong Kong, and an anchor of our public administration for more than half a century.%香港房屋委员会(香港房委会)是

  4. The Cause of Love Tragedy in Remote City and the Author's Creating Mind%《边城》爱情悲剧的成因及作家的创作心理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段小军

    2013-01-01

    In terms of cultural psychology, the love tragedies of Cuicui and her mother in Remote City are largely their personality tragedies.The personality weaknesses of the characters are actually the unconscious refraction of the author 's.This love tragedy infiltrates the author's own experiences of life and local culture , and exhibits the author's thinking and worry about XiangXi cul-ture.%  从文化心理角度看,《边城》中翠翠母女二人的爱情悲剧在很大程度上是一种性格上的悲剧,而人物性格中的弱处实际上也是作家自身性格弱处的一种不自觉的折射。在爱情悲剧的故事里,浸透了作家自身的生命体验与乡土文化体验,作家在爱情悲剧的故事里表现出了对于湘西文化的思考与忧虑。

  5. Wellbeing Impacts of City Policies for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosemary Hiscock

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available To mitigate climate change, city authorities are developing policies in areas such as transportation, housing and energy use, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In addition to their effects on greenhouse gas emissions, these policies are likely to have consequences for the wellbeing of their populations for example through changes in opportunities to take physical exercise. In order to explore the potential consequences for wellbeing, we first explore what ‘wellbeing’ is and how it can be operationalised for urban planners. In this paper, we illustrate how wellbeing can be divided into objective and subjective aspects which can be measured quantitatively; our review of measures informs the development of a theoretical model linking wellbeing to policies which cities use to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Finally, we discuss the extent to which the links proposed in the conceptual model are supported by the literature and how cities can assess wellbeing implications of policies.

  6. Walkout in Crystal City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrios, Greg

    2009-01-01

    When students take action, they create change that extends far beyond the classroom. In this article, the author, who was a former teacher from Crystal City, Texas, remembers the student walkout that helped launch the Latino civil rights movement 40 years ago. The Crystal City student walkout remains a high point in the history of student activism…

  7. Moving a House by Moved Participants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Axel, Erik

    The author performed an investigation of how a house was designed. He participated mainly in meetings, in which the house was engineered. The meetings proceeded in an agreeable atmosphere. While the architect was mostly concerned with integrating the functionality of the house, the engineer engaged...

  8. Diagnosing Beijing 2020: Mapping the Ungovernable City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin Visser

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Beijing Municipality, characterised by the ‘off-ground’ architecture distinguishing neo-liberal privatisation, is attempting to mitigate the damaging effects of rampant development on the social fabric, cultural heritage, and the environment by adopting sustainable urban planning. I argue that the sustainability rhetoric in the Beijing Municipality 2020 Plans functions in part as strategic metaphors masking unnamed, imminent threats to governance. In this article I diagnose four Beijing plans (Beijing 2006-2015 ‘Rail Transit Plan’ for Compact City, Beijing 2005-2020 ‘Underground Space Plan’ for Alternative Space, Beijing 2006-2020 ‘Undeveloped Area Plan’ for Ecological Responsibility, and Beijing 2006-2010 ‘Low-income Housing Plan’ for Affordability and Liveability. A diagrammatics of the plans illuminates not so much a mapping of Beijing’s future as the forms of spontaneity preoccupying the nation at this historical juncture. The Beijing 2020 plan, as city mapping more generally, discloses the imminence of ungovernable city. The fact that citizens are demanding greater authority over Beijing governance suggests that radical alterations to its urban fabric and quality of life have incited the imminent sociability that is the city.

  9. Gender and ethnic discrimination in the rental housing market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bengtsson, Ragnar; Iverman, Elis; Hinnerich, Bjørn Tyrefors

    2012-01-01

    *Corresponding author. E-mail: bjorn.hinnerich@ne.su.se We use a field experiment to measure discrimination in the housing market in Stockholm. Four fictitious persons, of different gender, with distinct-sounding Arabic or Swedish names, are randomly assigned to vacant apartments. We extend the...... study by Ahmed and Hammarstedt (2008). There are two new results. First, we provide evidence that there is no or little gender premium for the female with the Arabic name, which suggests that ethnic discrimination dominates the effects of gender. Secondly, discriminatory behaviour is only found in the...... suburbs or satellite cities/towns of Stockholm County not in the densely populated, affluent, city center. Moreover, we can replicate that there is a gender premium for females with Swedish names. However, we are not able to confirm that males with Arabic names face discrimination....

  10. From ecological houses to sustainable cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauring, Michael

    2010-01-01

    crisis in 1973 to present day also seen in relation to resource, political and cultural preconditions. The article shows, how sustainability forces architects to reintegrate techniques and urban aspects as crucial parts of design considerations, thus questioning artificial and autonomous approaches to...

  11. La Lever house, New York

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio de Miguel

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Resumen

    En el último siglo la mítica ciudad de Nueva York ha sido capaz de definir y transmitir las más contagiosas propuestas de  construcción del futuro.
    El edificio de la Lever House, erigido en el corazón de Manhattan al comienzo de la prodigiosa década de los cincuenta, consiguió ser la constatación de que el perseguido sueño de la “torre de cristal” era por fin posible. La poética y secular conquista de la  levedad avanzó entonces a través de un prosaico y paradójico objeto publicitario. Un particular crisol de negocio, oportunidad y audacia hicieron de ésta sorprendente pieza un icono   fundamental de la globalizada arquitectura moderna americana.


    Nota* En la edición electrónica este artículo se ha publicado con toda documentación gráfica aportada por el autor.

    Palabras clave

    Lever house, torre, levedad, cristal, publicidad, icono

    Abstract

    In the last century, the mythical city of New York has been able to define and transmit the most contagious proposals of  innovative construction.
    The Lever House Building, erected in the heart of Manhattan at  the start of the prodigious 1950s managed to become a  statement for the possibility of finally realizing the sought‐after
    dream of building a glass tower. The poetics and secular   conquest of lightness therefore made a leap forward through a prosaic and paradoxical publicity item. A special crucible of business, opportunity and audacity made a fundamental icon of globalized modern American Architecture out of this surprising work.


    Note * In the online edition this article is published with all graphic material provided by the author.

  12. Residential Mobility and Local Housing Market Differences

    OpenAIRE

    Vlist, van der, P Piet; Gorter, C.; P. Nijkamp; Rietveld, P.

    2002-01-01

    The authors extend previous literature on variations in mobility rates across local housing markets by examining the linkage of mobility rates at the household level to the structure of local housing markets. The results suggest that residential mobility rates differ widely across local housing markets, substantiating the view that residential relocation is intimately intertwined with conditions at the local level. Local housing-market conditions also have different effects on mobility rates ...

  13. Active house

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Kurt Emil; Olesen, Gitte Gylling Hammershøj

    2010-01-01

    Formålet med dette abstrakt er at illustrere, at huse kan være konstrueret til at basere sig udelukkende på vedvarende energikilder og samtidig være CO2-neutrale og producere mere energi end de forbruger. Active House Visionen undersøger disse muligheder i otte demonstration huse i fem forskellige...

  14. China’s Low Income Urban Housing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian G. Cook

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, firstly we briefly outline the historical legacies of inner-city housing that are the focus for redevelopment today, and then summarise the legacy of mass housing built by the work-unit or danwei in the Maoist era. The bulk of the paper, however, is then concerned with the switch to privatisation (via ‘market socialism with Chinese characteristics’ in the Reform Period under Deng Xiaoping and his successors, and the role of land policy that forms an important constraint on housing provision. Demand for low-income housing is in part due to the continuation of the Maoist hukou registration system which acts as a major barrier to full participation in the housing market and consequently China’s cities now have a huge migrant non-hukou ‘floating population’ (liudong renkou that must be housed via alternative means, preferably as cheaply and effectively as possible. There is also the situation of the ‘ant tribe’ of young low-paid college graduates to consider. For people like these renting in overcrowded conditions is one option, but because of China’s unique development trajectory, (driven by the Chinese Communist Party since the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, self-help housing is not a major form of housing provision, therefore there are few examples to consider. Hence, we discuss several examples of China’s low income urban housing.

  15. 房价上涨影响居民消费的作用机制分析——基于预防性储蓄效应视角%Analysis on the Mechanism of City Housing Price to Residents' Consumption ---From the Respective of Precautionary Saving Effect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐小鹰

    2012-01-01

    通过引入流动性约束和不确定性等因素,分析了房价波动影响居民消费的预防性储蓄效应这一作用机制。研究发现,不论是从长期还是短期来看,房价上涨通过预防性储蓄效应对居民消费产生负面影响,换言之,房价上涨通过不确定性因素和流动性约束导致居民预防性储蓄增加最终会使居民消费下降,短期内预防性储蓄效应的影响系数要小于其长期影响系数。%By introducing the liquidity constraints and uncertainty the paper analyzes mechanism of precautionary saving effect. The research shows whether in the long - term or short - term the precautionary saving effect of our cities housing prices affecting consumption is negative and more obvious in the short - term. Specifically, by uncer- tainty and liquidity constraints housing price rising can make precautionary savings increase and eventually decline consumption. In addition, whether in the long - term or short - term the consumer confidence effect of city housing prices affecting consumption is dramatically t)ositive and more obvious in the long- term.

  16. Heterogeneous Responses of Chinese Cities' Housing Prices to Monetary Policies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫妍; 王延颋; 朱晓武

    2011-01-01

    This works examine the responses of housing prices to the monetary policies in various Chinese cities. Thirty-five large and medium sized Chinese cities are classified into six clusters applying the minimum variance clustering method according to the calculated correlation coefficients between the housing price indices of every two cities. Time difference correlation analysis is then employed to quantify the relations between the housing price indices of the six clusters and the monetary policies. It is suggested that the housing prices of various cities evolved at different paces and their responses to the monetary policies are heterogeneous, and local economic features are more important than geographic distances in determining the housing price trends.

  17. Housing sector in emerging countries and international climate policy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After a first part on the relationship between housing and greenhouse effect in developing countries (assessment of the share of the housing-tertiary sector in CO2 emissions in the world, housing stock growth and livelihood improvement, trend towards a sustainable city), this report proposes an overview of the Chinese situation in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, energy consumption in the housing sector, fossil energy production, energy prices, urban demographic dynamics and its impact on the housing stock. It describes the Chinese institutional frame (housing policy reform, energy mastering policy, actors of the housing sector), discusses some perspective aspects of housing energy consumption and CO2 emissions: energy consumption by 2020, regional approach, usages of electricity, evolution of the housing stock by 2020, potential gains in CO2 emissions, methodological framework for the assessment of the evolution of housing energy consumptions, simulation tool

  18. Vers la ville compacte qualitative ? Gestion de la périurbanisation et actions publiques Towards the qualitative compact city ? The control of peri-urbanization and the action of public authorities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Marie Halleux

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article consacré à l’action publique en matière de périurbanisation interroge le caractère réaliste des ambitions de l’urbanisme durable pour la compacité qualitative des villes. Pour ce faire, nous analysons l’action des décideurs publics en discernant les trois images repères du comportement “aménagiste”, du comportement “expansionniste” et du comportement “sectoriel a-spatial”. Cela conduit à souligner l’attitude multi-facette de l’intervention publique en matière de territoire. Cela conduit également à conclure qu’orienter les évolutions urbaines vers la compacité qualitative nécessiterait des remises en cause fondamentales, tant en termes de politiques sectorielles qu’en termes de démocratie locale et d’équilibre entre droits individuels et droits collectifs.This paper examines the action of public authorities in the domain of peri-urbanization, with the aim to assess the realistic nature of planners’ ambitions for urban compactness. It is in this perspective that we analyse the intervention of public authorities by differentiating the three reference images of “planning-oriented” behaviours, “expansion-oriented” behaviours and “a spatial sector-based” behaviours. This leads to underline the multi-facet attitude of public authorities in the domain of spatial planning. This also leads to the conclusion that the concretization of compact-city objectives would require to call into question the balance between individual and collective rights as well as the conditions of local democracy and the objectives of important sector-based policies.

  19. Spatial Dependence in House Prices: Evidence from China¡¯s Interurban Housing Market

    OpenAIRE

    Yunlong Gong; Peter Boelhouwer; Jan de Haan

    2014-01-01

    ¡°Spatial thinking¡± is increasingly popular in housing market studies and spatial dependence across properties has been widely investigated in the intra-city housing market. The contribution of this paper is to study the spatial dependence and spillover effect of house prices from an interurban perspective, referring to the spatial interaction across local housing markets. The extensive literature study concludes that following behavior, migration and equity transfer and spatial arbitrag...

  20. BOOK REVIEW ON DOCUMENTS OF THE SEVERIN MUNICIPALITY (1911-1915); AUTHORS: NICOLAE CHIPURICI AND TUDOR RATOI

    OpenAIRE

    Paula SCALCAU

    2008-01-01

    A new edition of documentary sources, entitled "Documents of Severin municipality (1911-1915)" has recently been published at Alma Publishing House of Craiova, Romania. This is the fourth volume of a vast collection of documents about the administration of the Drobeta Turnu Severin city, which began to be published since 2005. The authors, Nicolae Chipurici and Tudor Ratoi, are two Romanian historians well known for their efforts to present important subjects concerning the heritage of the Ro...

  1. Smart Houses

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    GWS takes plans for a new home and subjects them to intensive computerized analysis that does 10,000 calculations relative to expected heat loss and heat gain, then provides specifications designed specifically for each structure as to heating, cooling, ventilation and insulation. As construction progresses, GWS inspects the work of the electrical, plumbing and insulation contractors and installs its own Smart House Radiant Barrier. On completion of the home, GWS technicians use a machine that creates a vacuum in the house and enables computer calculation of the air exchanged, a measure of energy efficiency. Key factor is the radiant barrier, borrowed from the Apollo program. This is an adaptation of a highly effective aluminized heat shield as a radiation barrier holding in or keeping out heat, cold air and water vapor.

  2. Education Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaked, Haim

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, several cities in Israel have labeled themselves "Education Cities," concentrating on education as their central theme. Employing qualitative techniques, this article aims to describe, define, and conceptualize this phenomenon as it is being realized in three such cities. Findings show that Education Cities differ from…

  3. Image city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2003-01-01

    Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities.......Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities....

  4. Thermal evaluation by means of simulation of two houses with different materials in the city of La Paz, B.C.S.; Evaluacion termica mediante simulacion de dos casas con materiales diferentes en la ciudad de la Paz, B.C.S.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Resendiz Pacheco, Oscar; Morillon Galvez, David; Chavez M, Elizabeth; Poujol G, Federico; Flores I, Alfredo [Universidad Autonoma de Baja California Sur (Mexico)

    2009-01-15

    In this article the evaluation of two houses of social interest in the city of La Paz is presented, in terms of the thermal comfort that could be offered to their users with a minimum cost of energy by means of a simulation of their thermal behavior with the program TRNSYS. One of the houses is constructed in a large extent with adobe, for the walls and brick for the ceilings and the other is a typical construction of social interest built with conventional materials. The obtained results are presented, with which some recommendations that can be made tending to improve comfort and energy saving in houses of social interest. These recommendations consider the type of material as much as the geometry of the houses. [Spanish] En este articulo se presenta la evaluacion de dos casas de interes social para la ciudad de La Paz, en terminos del confort termico que pudieran ofrecer a sus usuarios con un gasto minimo de energia mediante una simulacion de su comportamiento termico con el programa TRNSYS. Una de las casas esta construida en su mayor parte con adobe, para las paredes y ladrillo para los techos y la otra es una construccion tipica de interes social construida de materiales convencionales. Se presentan los resultados obtenidos, con los que se pueden hacer algunas recomendaciones tendientes a mejorar confort y ahorro de energia en casas de interes social. Estas recomendaciones consideran tanto el tipo de material como la geometria de las casas.

  5. Housing Gap

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Measures to cool down China's red-hot housing market are sweeping the country. The State Council, China's cabinet, issued a circular in late May announcing an increase in the minimum down payment for a new apartment larger than 90 square meters to 30 percent from 20 percent and imposing a transaction tax on properties resold within five years of purchase, among others. One of the aims, according to the cir-

  6. Speculative price bubbles in urban housing markets in Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Kholodilin, Konstantin A.; Michelsen, Claus; Ulbricht, Dirk

    2014-01-01

    The surge in the German house prices starting in 2010 raised fears about the emergence of a speculative bubble. Given a local nature of housing markets, it is not clear to what extent the bubble, if any, is spread across different cities. In this paper, we test for speculative house price bubbles in 127 large German cities over the last 20 years. Along with testing bubbles for each city separately, we apply two new testing approaches: a panel data and principal components version of explosive...

  7. Temporary Dwelling of Social Housing in Turin. New Responses to Housing Discomfort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulia Bau’

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In Turin the Compagnia di San Paolo had fostered two social housing initiatives, committed in handling the complex and fragmented housing discomfort issue. In the face of the social, economic and cultural development that has radically changed the housing emergency distinctive features, the new housing policies, realised with interventions of Edilizia Residenziale Sociale (ERS,  represent one possible response to the growing housing needs of a wide segment of population. The two temporary dwelling of social housing are born under a common denominator: the challenge has required the ability to find the balance between solidarity, social inclusion, housing rights and the real estate market. In the meantime they represent city laborato¬ries where testing good practices and innovative usual procedures and engine of new experiences and future experimentations.

  8. The Social Consequences of Housing

    OpenAIRE

    Edward L. Glaeser; Bruce Sacerdote

    2000-01-01

    The Social capital literature documents a connection between social connection and economic outcomes of interest ranging from government quality to economic growth. Popular authors suggest that housing and architecture are important determinants of social connection. This paper examines the connection between housing structure and social connection. We find that residents of large apartment buildings are more likely to be socially connected with their neighbors, perhaps because the distance b...

  9. The role of housing type and housing quality in urban children with asthma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northridge, Jennifer; Ramirez, Olivia F; Stingone, Jeanette A; Claudio, Luz

    2010-03-01

    The goal of this study was to assess the relationship between type and quality of housing and childhood asthma in an urban community with a wide gradient of racial/ethnic, socioeconomic, and housing characteristics. A parent-report questionnaire was distributed in 26 randomly selected New York City public elementary schools. Type of housing was categorized using the participants' addresses and the Building Information System, a publicly-accessible database from the New York City Department of Buildings. Type of housing was associated with childhood asthma with the highest prevalence of asthma found in public housing (21.8%). Residents of all types of private housing had lower odds of asthma than children living in public housing. After adjusting for individual- and community-level demographic and economic factors, the relationship between housing type and childhood asthma persisted, with residents of private family homes having the lowest odds of current asthma when compared to residents of public housing (odds ratio: 0.51; 95% confidence interval, 0.22, 1.21). Factors associated with housing quality explain some of the clustering of asthma in public housing. For example, the majority (68.7%) of public housing residents reported the presence of cockroaches, compared to 21% of residents of private houses. Reported cockroaches, rats, and water leaks were also independently associated with current asthma. These findings suggest differential exposure and asthma risk by urban housing type. Interventions aimed at reducing these disparities should consider multiple aspects of the home environment, especially those that are not directly controlled by residents. PMID:20063071

  10. THE MAIN CULPRIT IN ALLERGIC RHINITIS - HOUSE DUST OR HOUSE DUST MITE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhey

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Allergic rhinitis especially perennial type makes life miserable for the patient. House dust mite is one of the major players causing it. This study is to compare the allergen i n city of house dust mite versus house dust and evaluate any cross - allergenicity between them. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study in a tertiary referral hospital. MATERIALS & METHODS: Forty patients of allergic rhinitis and well matched controls were subjected to intradermal skin tests to house dust and house dust mite allergen. The skin tests were graded as per standard norms and the responses matched after correlating with different parameters. Statistical analysis was done and the results evaluated. RESULTS: House dust mite was the main allergen, as compared to house dust, responsible for causing allergic rhinitis. The allergen reactivity potential of house dust mite was significantly more as compared to house dust. And, as such there was no statistically significant cross - allergenicity between the two groups. CONCLUSION: House dust mite rather than house dust is the main culprit in causing allergic rhinitis. Hence, precautionary and preventive measures to control the exposure to house dust mite can be undertaken

  11. URBox : High tech energy and informal housing

    OpenAIRE

    Cuperus, Y.J.; Smets, D.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on the URBox concept encompassing the high tech end of solar energy and informal low cost and affordable housing. It aims to contribute to solving the global energy crisis by building solar energy settlements in deserts where land is affordable and sunshine in abundance. First the award winning Solar City 2050 is described and already existing technology is mentioned. In addition to the energy crisis there are the potential food, water, health, housing and immigration crise...

  12. Super public, a housing project in China

    OpenAIRE

    Zhao, Yizhou

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays urbanization has been processing in a very fast speed in China. Meanwhile, urbanization also leads to many negative effects on Chinese cities. Public space is widely undermined in housing blocks, streets and communities. By researching urbanism design theories and space types, the thesis attempts to conclude the design thinking for public space and provide suggestions for architectural design based on China's realities. With the conditions of Super Public, a housing project would com...

  13. A Countrywide House Price Index for 152 Years

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lunde, Jens; Helding Madsen, Anders; Lundbæk Laursen, Maria

    Herengracht (the Netherlands), Norway, USA, France, and recently also Australia. Until now, the here presented house price index for Denmark is the longest countrywide house price index ever been published, based on official data, and qualitatively probably the best long house price index.......The presented house price index for Denmark from 1860 to 2012 has been constructed by analysing already published data from Statistics Denmark. Houses are heterogeneous assets, and nowadays they differ in many aspects from houses in 1860. Due to improved building quality, urbanization and the...... revolution of the transportation, they are now situated in much larger cities and fewer houses are found in the countryside. Furthermore the houses are more and better equipped. Obviously, conceptual and practical difficulties exist in separating the value and the price of the houses when the development in...

  14. The Dynamics of City Formation: Finance and Governance

    OpenAIRE

    J. Henderson; Venables, Anthony J.

    2004-01-01

    This Paper examines city formation in a country whose urban population is growing steadily over time, with new cities required to accommodate this growth. In contrast to most of the literature there is immobility of housing and urban infrastructure, and investment in these assets is taken on the basis of forward-looking behaviour. In the presence of these fixed assets cities form sequentially, without the population swings in existing cities that arise in current models. Equilibrium city size...

  15. Local Authorities and Benefit Overpayments

    OpenAIRE

    Sainsbury, R.

    2000-01-01

    This report presents the findings of research to explore Housing Benefit (HB) and Council Tax Benefit (CTB) overpayments. The report discusses the policies, procedures and practices of Local Authorities on overpayments. The research involved depth interviews with a variety of Local Authority staff and analysis of Benefit Fraud Inspectorate reports

  16. Green Housing

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson Eriksson, Christian

    2014-01-01

    The Building is a combination of a green house and multi familyhousing building. The building´s courtyard is transformed in to a winter garden and creates an climate controlled environment with exotic vegitation blooming all year around. The courtyard is working as an extra livingroom with nice public walks in different levels were people can relax, exercise and socialise. The heat generated from the winter garden can be reused and recycled in to the floor slabs. It can also be deposited into...

  17. Partners in Housing: Virginia's Nonprofit Housing Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Koebel, C. Theodore; Hardin, Brooke, D.

    1999-01-01

    Nonprofit housing organizations primarily exist to address the housing needs of low-income Virginians. This survey, conducted in 1998 through the leadership of VHDA, revealed a nonprofit housing sector that is maturing into an important component of housing markets throughout the state.

  18. Staying Preferences by Street Children in Surat City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patel NB, Desai Toral, Bansal RK, Girish Thakar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available India houses the largest number of street children in the world. These children often live in abject poverty and squalid conditions. The present study aims to explore their staying preferences in the city of Surat and the reasons thereof. This cross-sectional study was conducted by interviewing 326 street children in Surat city. The study found that street children prefer to stay and work in Surat city as they perceive that Surat is a safer city; it is easier to earn money in this city; life and assimilation also is easier; there is less harassment by older children, police and others. The maximum numbers of street children are staying on the railway platforms 115 (35.3%. The major reasons given by the street children for choosing their place of stay are safety, convenience of finding work, comfortable shelter characteristics, availability of friends, and less harassment. There is a need to build mechanisms to increase safety of the street children at their places of stay and check their abuse by older children, police and authorities and encourage their stay at day care (24 hour care centres.

  19. Thirsty Cities,Dirty Water

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Rapid economic growth has taken a toll on water quality Houses lining up meandering rivers make Jiaxing in east China’s Zhejiang Province a famed water city.Yet the Venetian-style center is suffering from a water shortage.Jiaxing has a population of more than 3

  20. Kansas City Plots Next Steps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finkel, Ed

    2012-01-01

    Kansas City (Missouri) Public Schools is at a crossroads. The district has struggled for decades with poor academic achievement, dwindling enrollment and budget, and short-term superintendents--27 in the past 40 years. Most recently, after a two-year stint during which he helped the district get its financial house in order, closing nearly half of…

  1. Biophilic Cities Are Sustainable, Resilient Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Newman

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available There is a growing recognition of the need for daily contact with nature, to live happy, productive, meaningful lives. Recent attention to biophilic design among architects and designers acknowledges this power of nature. However, in an increasingly urban planet, more attention needs to be aimed at the urban scales, at planning for and moving towards what the authors call “biophilic cities”. Biophilic cities are cities that provide close and daily contact with nature, nearby nature, but also seek to foster an awareness of and caring for this nature. Biophilic cities, it is argued here, are also sustainable and resilient cities. Achieving the conditions of a biophilic city will go far in helping to foster social and landscape resilience, in the face of climate change, natural disasters and economic uncertainty and various other shocks that cities will face in the future. The paper identifies key pathways by which biophilic urbanism enhances resilience, and while some are well-established relationships, others are more tentative and suggest future research and testing.

  2. Small Spaces Big Living: a Community Housing Project

    OpenAIRE

    Sheehan, Barry

    2012-01-01

    Interior and Furniture Design students taking Construction Studies worked with older people resident in Dublin City Council housing in the North Central area, to develop low-cost suggestions for improvements to the interiors of their apartments.

  3. Challenging the Concept of ''informal'' in Sub-Saharan African Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eskemose Andersen, Jørgen

    2014-01-01

    Current definitions of urbanity lead to claims that a large proportion (75% according to UN Habitat) of Sub-Saharan Africa’s (SSA) urban population is housed in ‘informal’ settlements with almost all new housing stock provided ‘informally’ in contradiction to the “formal” that is defined as planned...... and regulated by the state. In most cases in SSA cities urban development has no professional assistance in the form of architects or engineers, and what is characterised as ‘disorder’, as is the case with informal urbanisation, is considered as undesirable, inappropriate, dangerous, unhealthy and un...... habitat 2003). However, defining what slum implies is complex and this author consider the term as prejudiced and not covering the diversity most informal settlements represents Further the term stigmatises a remarkable share of any city population in SSA (Huchzermeyer 2011, Davis 2007, Harber 2011, Garau...

  4. Beer City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Shandong Province’s Qingdao is becoming China’s great beer city sicenically located on a peninsula over-looking the Pacific Ocean, Qingdao, |or Tsingtao, is a coastal city soaked in two kinds of foam. One floats in

  5. Ideal Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Meitner, Erika

    2012-01-01

    Erika Meitner discusses her new book: Ideal Cities. This collection of autobiographical narrative and lyric poems explores the relationship between body and place—specifically the pleasures and dangers of women’s corporeal experiences. Ideal Cities is guided by an epigraph from Song of Songs, and the metaphorical idea of bodies as cities, and cities as bodies. How do women’s bodies become sites of inscription via sex, childbirth, and other highly physical acts? These poems also investigate ur...

  6. Sin City?

    OpenAIRE

    Gautier, Pieter A; Svarer, Michael; Teulings, Coen N.

    2007-01-01

    Is moving to the countryside a credible commitment device for couples? Weinvestigate whether lowering the arrival rate of potential alternative partners bymoving to a less populated area lowers the dissolution risk for a sample of Danishcouples. We find that of the couples who married in the city, the ones who stay inthe city have significant higher divorce rates. Similarly, for the couples who marriedoutside the city, the ones who move to the city are more likely to divorce. Thiscorrelation ...

  7. Urban Air Environmental Health Indicators for Kuala Lumpur City

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Air environmental health indicators were defined operationally as a combination of air quality and air-related health indicators. Clean air is a basic precondition of human health. Air pollutants had been identified with potential negative impact on health especially on respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. Thus, studies are necessary to identify and understand the state of environmental health. This study was aimed to examine and analyses the air environmental health condition in city of Kuala Lumpur by using a set of indicators. House to house questionnaire survey was carried out to collect air-related health data, and air quality sampling was carried out to identify ambient air quality level of the city. In general, city of Kuala Lumpur was found to have a moderate level of air quality. Air-related illnesses indicated by acute respiratory infection and asthma were found to be higher in more developed or higher density zones, as compared to other zones. Besides, air-related illnesses were significantly correlated to respondents exposure to air pollution. The findings imply that human health can be improved by managing the urban development and its environmental quality properly. (author)

  8. Cause Analysis and Countermeasures of Overproof Formaldehyde of Housing Decoration

    OpenAIRE

    Wenhua Tang; Lianhong Yu

    2013-01-01

    In order to understand the level of indoor formaldehyde pollution of newly decorated houses in Wuhan city and preliminarily discuss indoor formaldehyde pollution factors, chose several new residential areas in Wuhan city, 100 houses which are from these residential districts and were decorated not more than 1 year were randomly selected to be measured indoor air formaldehyde content by portable formaldehyde meter and in the meantime, the questionnaire was carried out about formaldehyde concen...

  9. A Spatial Approach to Price Segmentation in Housing Markets

    OpenAIRE

    G.J. Costello

    2001-01-01

    This paper uses a large transaction data set from the city of Perth Western Australia to test empirically whether differentials exist in the patterns of information diffusion that operate for different price segments in housing markets. Whereas some previous studies have tested the influence of price segmentation within aggregate city-wide housing markets, these studies are limited in that they do not acknowledge the influence of important spatial sub-markets. More specifically if the aggrega...

  10. Spatial distribution of factors acting upon housing prices in Istanbul

    OpenAIRE

    Topcu, E.Umran

    2010-01-01

    Istanbul is a rapidly growing city. With its stragetic location between two continents and having served three empires as a capital city, Istanbul holds a highly rich culture and history and has a high potential for growth. As for today, Istanbul is the most important trade, culture and tourism center of Turkey. Following the rural-urban migration of mid 20th. century, housing prices increased rapidly. Lower income groups failed to catch up with this increase and squatter housing ensued. Henc...

  11. 我国新建住宅长期供给价格弹性估算--基于35个大中城市的实证研究%The Estimates of China’s New Housing Long-term Supply Price Elasticity -- based on the 35 major cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶剑平; 孙博; 杨乔木

    2014-01-01

    大多数住宅模型和政策分析,都直接或间接依赖于住宅供给价格弹性的估计值:为了应对市场需求冲击,是多供给住房还是提高住宅价格?基于Mayo(1981)构建的模型,估算了我国35个主要大中型城市的新建住宅供给价格弹性。根据流量模型,2000-2007年我国的新建住宅价格弹性系数在4-11之间,2008到2013年的价格弹性在5-13之间。而存量调整模型得到了截然不同的估算结果:2008-2013年我国的新建住宅供给价格弹性在1-6之间,更精确的估算出了我国新建住宅供给市场的价格弹性。%Most of the residential model and policy analysis,either directly or indirectly,relied on the estimates of the housing supply price elasticity:in response to market demand shock,is it offer more housing or raise housing prices?Based on the model of Mayo (1981),this article calculated the supply price elasticity of 35 major large and medium-sized cities in our country’s new housing. According to the flow model of this paper,China’s new housing price elasticity coefficient of 2000-2007 was between 4 to 11,and the price elasticity of 2008 to 2013 was between 5 to 13.And the results estimated by the adjustment model was different:in 2008-2013 China’s new housing supply price elasticity was between 1-6,which was a more accurate estimate of the price elasticity of supply of new housing market in China.

  12. A planning support system to optimize approval of private housing development projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussnain, M. Q.; Wakil, K.; Waheed, A.; Tahir, A.

    2016-06-01

    Out of 182 million population of Pakistan, 38% reside in urban areas having an average growth rate of 1.6%, raising the urban housing demand significantly. Poor state response to fulfil the housing needs has resulted in a mushroom growth of private housing schemes (PHS) over the years. Consequently, only in five major cities of Punjab, there are 383 legal and 150 illegal private housing development projects against 120 public sector housing schemes. A major factor behind the cancerous growth of unapproved PHS is the prolonged and delayed approval process in concerned approval authorities requiring 13 months on average. Currently, manual and paper-based approaches are used for vetting and for granting the permission which is highly subjective and non-transparent. This study aims to design a flexible planning support system (PSS) to optimize the vetting process of PHS projects under any development authority in Pakistan by reducing time and cost required for site and documents investigations. Relying on the review of regulatory documents and interviews with professional planners and land developers, this study describes the structure of a PSS developed using open- source geo-spatial tools such as OpenGeo Suite, PHP, and PostgreSQL. It highlights the development of a Knowledge Module (based on regulatory documents) containing equations related to scheme type, size (area), location, access road, components of layout plan, planning standards and other related approval checks. Furthermore, it presents the architecture of the database module and system data requirements categorized as base datasets (built-in part of PSS) and input datasets (related to the housing project under approval). It is practically demonstrated that developing a customized PSS to optimize PHS approval process in Pakistan is achievable with geospatial technology. With the provision of such a system, the approval process for private housing schemes not only becomes quicker and user-friendly but also

  13. On layout of local dwelling houses of Dong Nationality along Pingtan River of Tongdao County in Huaihua City of Hunan%湖南怀化通道县坪坦河流域侗族民居布局研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余凌云

    2015-01-01

    In order to research the layout features of the six local dwelling houses which are applied for the World Heritage along Pingtan River of Tongdao County in Huaihua City of Hunan,through field investigation and reviewing literature,the paper researches the location features of these houses,including the layout consistent with its geographic features,the adherence to Fengshui,and foremost safety in the design,its layout forms are ridge type,type of mountains along rivers and flatland type,its wholesome layout is characterized by the adaptation to the topography and the concentration on the drum-house.%为研究湖南怀化通道县坪坦河流域6个申遗侗寨民居的布局特点,通过田野调查和文献查阅,研究出其民居的选址特点为:因地制宜、讲究风水、安全第一;布局形式为:山脊型、山麓沿河型和平坝型三种;总体布局特点为:顺应地势、以鼓楼为中心。

  14. Social Housing under Oligopoly

    OpenAIRE

    Usategui Díaz de Otalora, José María

    2008-01-01

    In this paper it is shown that the setting up of a social housing system may decrease the total number of houses built in the market, induce a price of non-social houses greater than the price of houses without that system and increase the profits of housing developers even in situations where they have to sell social houses at a price below production cost. The analysis considers a situation with imperfect competition in the housing market and with a social housing system where housing devel...

  15. H.R. 1001: A Bill to authorize appropriations for the Reduced Enrichment Research and Test Reactors Program of the Department of Energy. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session, February 18, 1993

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Act may be cited as the open-quotes Bomb-Grade Uranium Export Substitution Act of 1993close quotes. The purpose of this Bill is to authorize appropriations for the Reduced Enrichment Research and Test Reactors Program of the Department of Energy. This document presents Congressional findings and a statement of authorization of appropriations

  16. 76 FR 55407 - Announcement of Funding Awards; Public and Indian Housing Family Self-Sufficiency Program Under...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-07

    ..... Lawrence KS 66044 81,456 Authority. Salina Housing Authority 469 South 5th........ Salina KS 67402 60,101... Authority. New Hope Road. Virgin Islands Housing Authority.. 402 Estate Anna's St. Thomas VI 801...

  17. City PLANTastic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    , any attempt to create a green city is motivated by certain ecological, political and esthetical perspectives. Therefore the role of plants in tomorrows cities is everything but straightforward. Rather, a broad range of possibilities unfolds. City PLANTastic is the title of the 8th World in Denmark...... urbanism, who reflect upon the multiple roles of plants in the future city through their most recent projects. The theme for the 2012 World in Denmark conference is City PLANTastic, which will also be explored by researchers through their works....

  18. 77 FR 57544 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Reauthorization Act of 1996: Request...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-18

    ... Americans. NAHASDA eliminated several separate assistance programs and replaced them with a single block... URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Part 1000 Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination... Housing Block Grant program authorized by the Native American Housing Assistance and...

  19. Radionuclides in house dust

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Discharges of radionuclides from the British Nuclear Fuel plc (BNFL) reprocessing plant at Sellafield in Cumbria have led to elevated concentrations radionuclides in the local environment. The major routes of exposure of the public are kept under review by the appropriate authorising Government departments and monitoring is carried out both by the departments and by BNFL itself. Recently, there has been increasing public concern about general environmental contamination resulting from the discharges and, in particular, about possible exposure of members of the public by routes not previously investigated in detail. One such postulated route of exposure that has attracted the interest of the public, the press and Parliament arises from the presence of radionuclides within houses. In view of this obvious and widespread concern, the Board has undertaken a sampling programme in a few communities in Cumbria to assess the radiological significance of this source of exposure. From the results of our study, we conclude that, although radionuclides originating rom the BNFL site can be detected in house dust, this source of contamination is a negligible route of exposure for members of the public in West Cumbria. This report presents the results of the Board's study of house dust in twenty homes in Cumbria during the spring and summer of 1984. A more intensive investigation is being carried out by Imperial College. (author)

  20. Land, Income, Mobility and Housing: The Case of Metro Manila

    OpenAIRE

    Strassmann, Paul; Blunt, Alistair

    1993-01-01

    Housing developments have been hampered by exorbitantly priced land specifically in the cities. The 1991 housing survey show that Metro Manila households pay the same rate as other households from developing countries. This article reviews the Philippine urban policies and examines the expenditures of owners and renters on shelters. It also investigates the factors on residential mobility among the sample households.

  1. HOUSING POLICIES AND MARKET FAILURES IN ONDO STATE NIGERIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afolabi Francis FATUSIN

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available One major factor that account for housing market crises in developing countries is the seeming disconnect between housing policies and housing markets in these countries. This paper examines the links between housing policy and urban housing market dynamics in context of developing world drawing from the housing market situation in selected urban centres in Ondo state of Nigeria. The data utilized were derived from the study of housing situations in the selected urban centres. Thus 180 questionnaires were administered on selected household heads and key officials of major agencies and organizations including government departments involved in housing provision and development in the state. The data collected were analyzed using simple descriptive analysis where appropriate. The study revealed that housing policies introduced over the years have had little impact on housing production and by implication urban housing market in the study cities. The study also revealed a disconnect between these policies and housing provision and trends in terms of quality, quantity, affordability and accessibility to housing. The paper argued that these were so because institutions connected to efficient functioning of these policies were inefficient, ineffective and sometime over ambitious and so more often than not, set goals were not met. The study concluded by suggesting more commitment on the part of Federal and Ondo state governments to ensure these policies dovetail to housing consumers.

  2. Housing and the Realignment of Urban Socio-Spatial Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Flint, J.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract: This paper argues that narratives of the Big Society and Localism in England enacted through housing and planning policies, and housing welfare and benefit reforms across the entire United Kingdom, partly articulate, but primarily mask, a particular governmental response to the present structural crisis in housing and its sociological impacts. This response may be located within a wider political project aimed at realigning understandings of cities and the right for working class an...

  3. House Price Risk Models for Banking and Insurance Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Katja Hanewald; Michael Sherris

    2011-01-01

    The recent international credit crisis has highlighted the significant exposure that banks and insurers, especially mono-line credit insurers, have to residential house price risk. This paper provides an assessment of risk models for residential property for applications in banking and insurance including pricing, risk management, and portfolio management. Risk factors and heterogeneity of house price returns are assessed at a postcode-level for house prices in the major capital city of Sydne...

  4. American Housing Survey (AHS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — The AHS is the largest, regular national housing sample survey in the United States. The U.S. Census Bureau conducts the AHS to obtain up-to-date housing statistics...

  5. Housing famine and homelessness: how the low-income housing crisis affects families with inadequate supports

    OpenAIRE

    Wallace, R.; E Bassuk

    1991-01-01

    A famine paradigm of low-income housing deficit in the USA first introduced by recent studies of homelessness in New York City is extended to understand how impacts of that deficit may be structured according to the social network length of low-income families. A simplified mathematical model suggests that poor families with truncated social support networks are most vulnerable to housing famine, and explores how the famine may synergistically interact with inadequacy of support, leading to t...

  6. AUTHOR INDEX

    OpenAIRE

    Lederman, Mike; Bautista-Arredondo, Sergio; Bertozzi, Stefano; Gulick, Roy; Del Rio, Carlos; Beyrer, Chris; Román, Esmeralda; Bugarin, Gabriela; Rivera, César; Cassetti, Isabel; Vasquez, Patricia; Madruga, José Valdez; van Wyk, Jean; Martinez-Tristani, Marisol; Sterling, Timothy R.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction In 2011, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published the first HIV treatment cascade with data from 2008 and sets the basis to implement health policy in the areas of opportunity to stop the epidemic [1]. Approximately 40,000 people are interned in the prison system in Mexico City, and the estimated HIV prevalence is 1%. In order to improve survival rates, quality of life and reduce the transmission of the infection, we have to look at the timely diagnosis, linkage...

  7. Close but not a central bank: The New York Clearing House and issues of clearing house loan certificates

    OpenAIRE

    Jon R. Moen; Ellis W. Tallman

    2013-01-01

    The paper examines the New York Clearing House (NYCH) as a lender of last resort by looking at clearing-house-loan-certificate borrowing during five banking panics of the National Banking Era (1863–1913). In that system, adequate aggregate liquidity provision was passive and dependent upon member bank borrowing. We document bank borrowing behavior using bank-level data for clearing-house loan certifi cates issued to NYCH member banks. The historical record reveals that the large New York City...

  8. 24 CFR 213.277 - Right and liability under the Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Right and liability under the...-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES COOPERATIVE HOUSING MORTGAGE INSURANCE...

  9. 24 CFR 791.402 - Determination of low-income housing needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Determination of low-income housing... Allocation of Budget Authority for Housing Assistance § 791.402 Determination of low-income housing needs. (a... determine the relative need for low-income housing assistance in each HUD field office jurisdiction....

  10. Radon concentrations in residential housing in hiroshima and nagasaki

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A survey of indoor radon (222Rn) concentrations in Hiroshima and Nagasaki was carried out to assess the range of exposures expected among atomic-bomb survivors. Two hundred dwellings (100 from each city), chiefly of members of the Radiation Effects Research Foundation Life Span Study, were selected for this survey. We used two types of etched-track alpha-particle detectors: a Terradex detector (type SF) and an improved bare-track detector. Comparative measurements showed that although there was an adequate correlation between the values obtained using the two detectors, the geometric mean value for the bare-track detector was 45% lower than that for the Terradex detector. This difference was considered to be due to differences in the calibration methods and in the sensitivities of the detectors to thoron (220Rn). The geometric mean values of the radon concentrations for 193 locations in Hiroshima and 192 locations in Nagasaki measured by Terradex SF detectors were 51.8 Bq/m3 and 26.5 Bq/m3, respectively. The large difference is attributable to the different geological environments of the two cities. Factors correlating with the indoor radon concentrations were also studied. The geometric mean concentration was significantly higher in wooden houses with clay walls than in other types of house. This tendency was especially strong in Hiroshima. The difference between the estimated dose equivalents for exposure to radon decay products in dwellings in Hiroshima and Nagasaki during the last 30 years might amount to 0.8 Sv; however, no statistically significant difference was observed in lung-cancer mortality in the low-dose range in either city. Nevertheless, the indoor radon concentrations estimated in this survey could have a significant influence on the dose-response relationship for atomic-bomb exposure. (author)

  11. 从行政法和经济法的原理分析政府干预房价的权力边界%The Analysis on Government's Authority Boundary in the Intervention of House Prices from the Principle of Administrative Law and the Economic Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洪建

    2012-01-01

    As the increase of our country's urban population,the demand for the housing increases.The real estate construction period and the scale of development can't meet the demand of housing.So the housing prices continue to rise.And the speculation in the property market exacerbates the overheating in housing prices.The government,as the main body of the macroeconomic regulation and control the national economy,has promulgated many policies to stable prices in order to lead the healthy development of real estate industry.Because the government regulation of real estate is more and more detailed and specific,people think that the government's control policy has beyond the scope of the macroeconomic regulation.In fact,the scope of the control of the government in the implementation process is fuzzy.The government's authority boundary in the intervention of house prices is analyzed from the perspective of the problems arises in the government's regulation of house prices.%由于我国城市人口众多,城市居民对住房的需求量极大,而房地产的建设周期和建设规模,无法充分满足住房需求,致使房价持续上涨。房地产市场的投机行为更加剧了房价过快上涨。政府作为宏观调控国民经济的主体,陆续出台了很多政策以稳定房价引导房地产业健康发展。由于政府调控房地产的政策越来越细致,越来越具体,因此有人认为政府的调控政策已超越宏观调控的范围。而实际上,政府宏观调控的范围在实施过程中是模糊的。从政府在房价调控中出现的问题出发,分析政府在调控房价方面的权力边界。

  12. Effects of surrounding elements on city image in the sample of Erzurum city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Ozer

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Structural elements which are the parts of city identities are shaped as the result of social and cultural characteristics and natural factors. In order to increase visual quality of cities and make cities more liveable landscape architects use not only living materials such as plants but also nonliving materials. This study was carried out to investigate the effects of surrounding elements which are vertical elements in landscape designs, on functional and city aesthetics. With this aim, materials used in surrounding elements around houses in Erzurum, houses surrounded by these elements and their harmony with their surroundings, aesthetics and functional effects were investigated and their contributions to city image were determined. While surrounding elements are mainly adequate in functions, they are lower quality in aesthetics. Some suggestions were offered for the city images that local councils should be careful on and due to Universiade in 2011.

  13. Social Housing in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Hedvig; Scanlon, Kath J

    2014-01-01

    Social housing is a cornerstone in the Danish welfare society and is accessible for all households. By law, social housing must be rented at cost rents, which are based on historical costs; rents do not respond to market forces. Social housing aims to provide good standard, secure and affordable...... housing for all. It especially addresses the housing needs of lower-income households as well as new house-holds. This chapter presents how the self-owning Danish non-profit housing associations construct and manage one fifth of the Danish housing stock. Here the tenants’ democracy sets the framework for...... measures as well as social initiatives in the existing stock....

  14. Competitive advantages of Central European cities in the cross-border region Alpe-Adria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataša Pichler-Milanović

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the competitive advantages of the major cities in the Alpe-Adria region, defined by the authors on the basis of a survey conducted among experts and leading individuals from various fields. First opinions on the international image of cities, international functions, marketing properties and rivals are shown. The next theme is quality of life, researched through housing, urban services, natural and business environments. A chapter about development projects and interurban cooperation follows. In conclusion there are three chapters dealing with directions for improving the supra-national setting and quality of life in the region’s cities, new urban development strategies and directions for improving the supra-national position of Ljubljana.

  15. INSTANT CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans

    2013-01-01

    This article analyses Roskilde Festival as an Instant City. For more than 40 years, Roskilde Festival has had many thousands participants for a weeklong festival on music, performances and cultural experiences in a layout designed as an urban environment. During the last ten years, in- creasing...... emphasis has been laid on creating a vivid, and engaging social environment in order to create a lab for social, and architectural experi- ments. These goals challenge the city planning as well as the urban sce- nography. The article addresses the research questions: What kind of city life and social...... of an experimental and social en- gaged city environment? The analysis shows that the specific city life at the instant city, Roskilde Festival, can be characterized by being ‘open minded’, ‘playful’ and ‘inclusive’, but also by ‘a culture of laughter’ that penetrates the aesthetics and the urban...

  16. Research on Consumption Motivation and Differences of House-purchasing---Based on Hefei City%消费者购房消费动机及差异研究--以合肥市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙丽伟; 高志强; 张晓真

    2015-01-01

    This research adopts the self-designed “consumption motivation on house-purchasing questionnaire”in Hefei. By means of statistical methods, such as nonparametric test, independent test, we focus on the factors that drive house-purchasers. The factors are sex, marriage status, age, income, education, live status, and the times of purchase. Male,single and under 30s consumers attach more importance to symbolic effect and high conformity; married and above 30s concern more on their demand for school district houses. Highly educated and high-income earners concern more on economical factor and their houses symbolic effect, also with high conformity. Those who have more than one house attach more importance to economical factors and their demand for the school district houses, with little conformity.%本研究采用自编的《消费者购房消费动机问卷》在合肥市进行了调查。通过独立样本t检验等统计方法探讨了性别、婚姻状况、年龄、家庭收入、文化程度、居住现状及购房次数对消费者购房消费动机的影响。其中男性、单身和30岁以下的消费者更注重住房的社会象征意义,表现较高的从众倾向,已婚、30岁以上、具有合肥市户口的消费者则更加关注学区房因素;学历较高和收入高的消费者都更为关注经济因素、住房的象征意义,表现较高的从众倾向;有房者更注重经济因素和学区房因素,发生更少的从众行为。

  17. Limerick City

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Postcard. Colour photograph of River Shannon with Limerick City in background. Number 2/LK-018. Printed on reverse "Limerick city, where the Shannon river meets the sea is one of the most progressive of Irish cities, where the past and present mingle pleasantly. That part of the city called Newtown Pery was designed and planned in 1767, and is the Limerick of wide streets crossing at right angles, and the pleasantly tree-sprinkled People's Park. The tall column in the park commemorates Thomas...

  18. Contemporary Issues in Student Housing Finance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Mary Ann

    2003-01-01

    This chapter presents contemporary financial issues in student housing programs framed through the topical areas of occupancy management, facilities, new construction, residential life programs, technology, and residential dining. (Contains 27 references.) (Author)

  19. Author guidelines

    OpenAIRE

    Chief Editor

    2014-01-01

    AUTHOR GUIDELINESIndian Journal of Community Health (IJCH) accepts only online submission of manuscript(s) by using Open Journal software (OJS) at http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/loginOnline SubmissionsAlready have a Username/Password for Indian Journal of Community Health (IJCH)? GO TO LOGINNeed a Username/Password?GO TO REGISTRATIONNote: Registration and login are required to submit items online and to track the status of current submissions.Author GuidelinesIJCH strictly ad...

  20. Author Guidelines

    OpenAIRE

    Chief Editor

    2015-01-01

    Author GuidelinesIJCH strictly adheres on the recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals as per the standard universal guidelines given by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE - Recommendations for Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts). Authors are requested to visit http://www.icmje.org/index.html before making online submission of their manuscript(s).SectionsEditorial:On issues of current public health needA...

  1. 24 CFR 982.609 - Congregate housing: Housing quality standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Congregate housing: Housing quality standards. 982.609 Section 982.609 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban... Types Congregate Housing § 982.609 Congregate housing: Housing quality standards. (a) HQS standards...

  2. The Role of Foreign Capital in Vancouver's Housing Market

    OpenAIRE

    Mutakabbir, Anjum

    2016-01-01

    The city of Vancouver has seen record high home prices in recent months. The housing price inflation has led to the city becoming one of the least affordable cities in the world in terms of housing. The rapid price increase has been blamed on various supply and demand side issues. This paper argues that foreign capital is playing a significant role in driving up home prices in Vancouver and proposes a series of policy options to mitigate the impact of foreign capital. Using secondary data ana...

  3. Investigation of radon concentration in some house's in Soba

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Charcoal canister technique as a passive diffusion method for measurement of radon concentration was used in the present study to investigate radon levels in houses located across Suba in Khartoum city. The measurements are based on adsorption of radon gas on activated charcoal and its subsequent measurement in scintillation gamma spectrometric system. The system is well calibrated using standard having the same geometry and physical properties of samples. Forty rooms are selected for the study. It is observed that radon varies between (89.13 and 213.91 Bq/m3) with mean value of (151.52 Bq/m3). The maximum annual effective dose can then be estimated to be 3.78 mSv/y.(Author)

  4. Training a Multilayer Perceptron to predict the final selling price of an apartment in co-operative housing society sold in Stockholm city with features stemming from open data

    OpenAIRE

    Tibell, Rasmus

    2014-01-01

    The need for a robust model for predicting the value of condominiums and houses are becoming more apparent as further evidence of systematic errors in existing models are presented. Traditional valuation methods fail to produce good predictions of condominium sales prices and systematic patterns in the errors linked to for example the repeat sales methodology and the hedonic pricing model have been pointed out by papers referenced in this thesis. This inability can lead to monetary problems f...

  5. Verifying Housing Benefit and Council Tax Benefit

    OpenAIRE

    Sainsbury, R.; Corden, A; Carlisle, J

    1998-01-01

    This report presents findings of qualitative research into the procedures used to verify Housing Benefit and Council Tax Benefit claims in a representative sample of 30 local authorities. It includes information on local authorities' approach to fraud prevention, application forms, internal auditing and the resource implications of setting up and operating the Department's forthcoming Verification Framework for Housing Benefit and Council Tax Benefit claims. The research was based on intervie...

  6. HOUSING QUALITY IN SUBURBAN AREAS (An Empirical Study of Oba-Ile, Nigeria)

    OpenAIRE

    OLOTUAH OLOTUAH; Abiodun Olukayode

    2006-01-01

    This paper discusses the housing quality in a city suburb, Oba-lle, which is a few kilometers from Akure, the capital city of Ondo State Nigeria. It reports finding from a research on housing studies in the study area. A linear model was developed through multiple regression analysis for the prediction of housing quality of the buildings therein. Three independent variables were found to be predictors of the dependent or criterion variable; these were Use of Toilet, Age of Buildings, and Freq...

  7. Housing policy, poverty, and culture: 'discounting' decisions among Pacific peoples in Auckland, New Zealand

    OpenAIRE

    Tarin Cheer; Robin Kearns; Laurence Murphy

    2002-01-01

    This paper explores the links between housing and other welfare policies, low income, and culture among Pacific peoples within Auckland, New Zealand. These migrant peoples occupy an ambiguous social space within Auckland: they represent the visible face of the world's largest Polynesian city, yet are occupants of some of the city's poorest and least health-promoting housing. Through considering the balance between choice and constraint, we examine how housing costs, poverty, and cultural prac...

  8. A case-control study of bladder cancer using city directories as a source of occupational data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steenland, K; Burnett, C; Osorio, A M

    1987-08-01

    Commercial city directories, currently produced in 1,250 United States cities, potentially provide yearly information on occupation and employer for all city residents over age 18 years. To investigate the usefulness of these occupational data, the authors have conducted a case-control study of male bladder cancer mortality in Hamilton County, Ohio (which includes Cincinnati). A total of 731 bladder cancer cases who died during 1960-1982 were matched on age, sex, race, date-of-death, and residence at death to two controls per case. Risks of bladder cancer death were calculated by occupation, industry, and specific employer, using both city directories (multiple statements) and death certificates (single statement). Four companies showed a significant excess bladder cancer risk when using city directories. Only one would have been identified using death certificates, which ask for usual lifetime type of industry rather than a specific company name. Using city directories, significant positive associations were found between bladder cancer and occupation as an engineer, tailor, carpenter, furnace operator, blending machine operator, chemist, pressing machine operator, house cleaner, or salesman. For industry, the authors found significant positive associations for the textile, chemical, grain mill, foundry, petroleum, building service, entertainment, and advertising industries. A significant increase in risk for those with 20 or more years of employment was seen for those employed as truck drivers and furnace operators, or those employed in the railroad industry. A check of the validity of city directory data indicated that 77 per cent of the listings agreed with Social Security earnings reports for employer in any given year. One limitation of Hamilton County city directory data was the fairly large number of yearly listings without any occupational data (15 per cent for occupation, 36 per cent for employer). While city directory data do provide work history over

  9. Strategies for Improving Housing Security System in China:A Case Study on Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Since China’s transformation to a market economy, residential segregation has become increasingly serious in Beijing. This paper analyses the problems of "affordable housing" and "low-rent housing" schemes of Beijing and makes suggestions on diminishing the residential segregation of the city by improving the Housing Security System.

  10. The Comfort Houses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Tine Steen; Jensen, Rasmus Lund; Daniels, Ole

    This report describes the results of the Comfort Houses measuring programme conducted by Aalborg University in the period 2008 to 2011. The results from the houses included in the project are examined in detail in 8 house-specific reports. All house-specific reports referred to in this report can...

  11. Environmental assessment of a city on the model of energy-ecological efficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuzovkina Tat’yana Vladimirovna

    Full Text Available This article gives an overview of the analytical methodology for assessing the environmental safety in construction, the existing government programs in energy saving, and the analysis of the actual state of the investigated problem, proposed a method of assessment of environmental safety efficiency criteria of a city. The analysis is based on the data on housing and communal services of the City of Moscow. As a result of the consideration of the government programs and methods of assessing the environmental security in construction the conclusion was made that none of the programs reviewed and non of the methods include consideration of the relationship between environmental parameters of environmental security and energy efficiency (indicators of them are considered separately from each other. In order to determine the actual state of environmental safety analytical review was performed of energy efficiency programs of the government in Moscow and the methods of assessing the environmental safety of a construction. After considering a methodology for assessing the environmental safety of a construction, the author proposes to use the model for determining the indicator of efficiency of the city to ensure the environmental safety of the processes of life-support of the city, which takes into account the dependence of the parameters of environmental safety and energy efficiency. The author describes the criteria for selecting thr data on energy and environmental efficiency of the city. The article shows the sequence to identify the criteria for determining the indicator of efficiency of the city. In the article the author presents the results of ecological assessment of Moscow on the energy-ecological efficiency model, using the model defined performance indicators of the city to ensure environmental safety processes of life support of the city. The model takes into account the dependence of environmental safety parameters, environmental and

  12. The hybrid outcome of urban change: global city, polarized city?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayat Ismail

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A wide range of studies supports the assumption that levels of socio-spatial polarization, segregation, and exclusion are rising in global cities over the past decades as a direct outcome of certain global processes, such as the deindustrialization process, its associated changes in division of labor, and declined redistributive power of the welfare state. However, that assumption – known as the polarization thesis – is criticized based on several contentions, including the oversimplification of the global/local interplay by overlooking the role of local contingent factors that may modify, intensify, or reverse the expected socio-spatial outcome in individual cities. This study aims to capture the hybrid nature of the socio-spatial outcomes of global cities by proving that the complex process of restructuring of cities is a form of structural and chronological hybridity. Through providing a solid empirical ground for investigating the general applicability of the socio-spatial polarization thesis, as well as evaluating the influence of local contexts of cities on the outcomes of urban change. The research offers a theoretical review of the multifaceted restructuring of global cities. Then, the macro trends of global economy are linked to their micro outcomes (segregation patterns within cities, through understanding the implications of cities’ economic functions on local urban policies and housing markets. Finally, the changes in socioeconomic segregation over the past decades are calculated for a large dataset of 66 global cities. The collective result of the analysis shows the downfalls of the generalized hypothesis. While the discussion of individual cities highlights certain contextual particularities, that are contributing to the production of unique socio-spatial configurations in different global cities.

  13. New mediterranean elements in contemporary housing. The case of Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincenzo Paolo Bagnato

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In the face of increasing and differentiating the low-cost housing demand and the trend of establishing new paradigms in the contemporary housing design, the architectural investigation has replaced into its disciplinary statement the topic of housing as central question in research and design experimentation. The city of Barcelona has codified in the last years innovative modalities of public management in social housing, offering interesting points of reflection on the idea of housing and of Mediterranean quality in urban, architectural and constructive terms. The paper proposes a key to the reading on the recent experiences of social housing in Barcelona illustrating the different forms through which architecture interprets the relationship between housing and public space, between innovation and constructive tradition.

  14. 达州市住宅楼盘名称的语言学分析*--中小城市楼盘名称分析一例%Linguistic Analysis on the Names of the Residential Houses in Dazhou--An Example of the Analysis on the Houses in Small and Medium Sized Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡蓉

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, relying on the biggest gas field of china---Haixiang Gas Field, the realty business of Dazhou developed rapidly, and the new building stood gradually just like mushrooms after rain, which was named for sale in succession. As the identification mark of the houses, the names of the houses play an important role in the market competition. To find the law in which the houses were named, we will take the 189 houses in Dazhou which were built in the recent decade as the objects to study from the linguistic perspective.%近年来,达州凭借中国第一大海相气田的开采,房地产业迅速发展,新建楼盘多如雨后春笋,纷纷命名待售。楼盘名称作为楼盘的识别符号,在市场竞争中具有不可小视的作用,文章以近10年来达州的189个楼盘名称为研究对象,从语言学的角度进行考察,以期找到一些命名的特点。

  15. Estimates of Refrigerator Loads in Public Housing Based on Metered Consumption Data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, JD; Pratt, RG

    1998-09-11

    The New York Power Authority (NYPA), the New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA), and the U.S. Departments of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and Energy (DOE) have joined in a project to replace refrigerators in New York City public housing with new, highly energy-efficient models. This project laid the ground work for the Consortium for Energy Efficiency (CEE) and DOE to enable housing authorities throughout the United States to bulk-purchase energy-efficient appliances. DOE helped develop and plan the program through the ENERGY STAR@ Partnerships program conducted by its Pacific Nofiwest National Laboratory (PNNL). PNNL was subsequently asked to conduct the savings evahations for 1996 and 1997. PNNL designed the metering protocol and occupant survey, supplied and calibrated the metering equipment, and managed and analyzed the data. The 1996 metering study of refrigerator energy usage in New York City public housing (Pratt and Miller 1997) established the need and justification for a regression-model-based approach to an energy savings estimate. The need originated in logistical difficulties associated with sampling the population and pen?orming a stratified analysis. Commonly, refrigerators[a) with high representation in the population were missed in the sampling schedule, leaving significant holes in the sample and difficulties for the stratified anrdysis. The just{jfcation was found in the fact that strata (distinct groups of identical refrigerators) were not statistically distinct in terms of their label ratio (ratio of metered consumption to label rating). This finding suggested a general regression model could be used to represent the consumption of all refrigerators in the population. In 1996 a simple two-coefficient regression model, a function of only the refrigerator label rating, was developed and used to represent the existing population of refrigerators. A key concept used in the 1997 study grew from findings in a small number of apartments

  16. International house prices

    OpenAIRE

    Australian Treasury

    2003-01-01

    This article examines developments in house prices in a number of countries over recent years. It shows that while the magnitude of house price movements have differed across countries, the recent trend of rising prices in Australia has also been experienced in some other developed countries. This article also examines changes in housing affordability arising from changes in house prices, interest rates, housing debt and disposable income in the United Kingdom, Australia and the United States...

  17. 75 FR 16821 - Housing Finance Agency Risk-Sharing Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-02

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Housing Finance Agency Risk-Sharing Program AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information... Risk Sharing Program authorizes qualified Housing Finance Agencies (HFAs) to underwrite and process...: Housing Finance Agency Risk-Sharing Program. OMB Approval Number: 2502-0500. Form Numbers: HUD-2703B,...

  18. City project and public space

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    The book aims at nurturing theoretic reflection on the city and the territory and working out and applying methods and techniques for improving our physical and social landscapes. The main issue is developed around the projectual dimension, with the objective of visualising both the city and the territory from a particular viewpoint, which singles out the territorial dimension as the city’s space of communication and negotiation. Issues that characterise the dynamics of city development will be faced, such as the new, fresh relations between urban societies and physical space, the right to the city, urban equity, the project for the physical city as a means to reveal civitas, signs of new social cohesiveness, the sense of contemporary public space and the sustainability of urban development. Authors have been invited to explore topics that feature a pluralism of disciplinary contributions studying formal and informal practices on the project for the city and seeking conceptual and operative categories capab...

  19. Smart cities of the future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batty, M.; Axhausen, K. W.; Giannotti, F.; Pozdnoukhov, A.; Bazzani, A.; Wachowicz, M.; Ouzounis, G.; Portugali, Y.

    2012-11-01

    , Mobility and Travel Behaviour, Modelling Urban Land Use, Transport and Economic Interactions, Modelling Urban Transactional Activities in Labour and Housing Markets, Decision Support as Urban Intelligence, Participatory Governance and Planning Structures for the Smart City. Finally we anticipate the paradigm shifts that will occur in this research and define a series of key demonstrators which we believe are important to progressing a science of smart cities.

  20. City Bug Report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsgaard, Henrik; Brynskov, Martin

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the wider contexts of digital policy, transparency, digitisation and how this changes city administration and the role of the (digital) publics, using City Bug Report as a design case. Employing a mix between design research and action research, the authors exemplify and analyse...... elements of both the design process, the organisational, the political and technological contexts. They point to the role of researchers and designers in exploring and understanding digital elements of public space as not merely registering structures but also actively engaging in public discourse...

  1. H.R.1711: a Bill to authorize appropriations for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission for fiscal year 1986 and fiscal year 1987. Introduced in the House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) appropriations for fiscal years 1986 and 1987 are $429 million and $460 million, respectively. The Bill allocates sums for each year for reactor regulation, inspection and enforcement, nuclear material safety and safeguards, reactor research, program technical support, and program administration. The Bill cites conditions for spending the funds and for entering into grants and cooperative agreements. The NRC is authorized to issue reactor operating licenses in the absence of a state or local emergency preparedness plan if it determines that public safety is assured

  2. From the Dualist Gnosis to the Imaginary Literature on the Devil. Review for the volume Imaginea nefratelui in literatura, author Simona-Maria Drelciuc, Lumen Publishing House, Iasi, Romania, 2015.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio SANDU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper represents an excellent overview of the censorship of the European collective imaginary, challenged as stranger of the one that is different, of the non-brother identified eventually as Satan. In the vision of the author Simona Maria Drelciuc, the Devil is the existential pole of the medieval imaginary, a fundamental cultural mark, “catalyst of the European civilization” (Drelciuc, 2015. This bringing into attention of the image of the non-brother allows us to reflect on the European civilization, of religious nature, and of “cultural periphery placement” of the Christian moral values such as love, tolerance etc.

  3. Book Review Politicile Publice, Raţionalitate şi decizie în spaţiul administrativ – author Dorina Ţicu, Adenium Publishing House, 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silviu-Petru GRECU

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The field of public administration couldn’t be explained without a rational and objective approach. In this meaning, the book Politicile Publice, Raţionalitate şi decizie în spaţiul administrativ, written by Dorina Ţicu, resumes the theoretical framework for the correlation between public policy and public administration. The book is structured in three parts (chapters in which the author expresses the main concepts and its proper theory about the rationality in public policies. At the conceptual level we can identify several normative approaches in addition with public decision and bureaucrat’s rationality. The decisional process is seen as the main behavioral value for political actors, individuals, social groups or institutional sphere. The author emphasizes the idea that the rational choice could be a kind of modus vivendi for different social actors. Starting with these premises the decisional process is the engine of the social action. Every social actor sets its social actions in accord with rational purposes or rational motivation.

  4. Towards Post-carbon Cities: Six Contrasting Scenarios

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    international gatherings at the highest level have raised awareness among the general public of the serious risks posed, on the one hand, by global warming and, on the other, by the possible exhaustion of fossil fuel resources. In this context, the idea of a transition towards a so-called 'post-carbon' society has gradually been gaining ground. This has a number of central objectives: the reduction of greenhouse gases by 2050 to one quarter of their 1990 levels (in the countries of the North), near autonomy with regard to carbon- based energies (oil, gas and coal), an adequate capacity for adaptation to climate change and, lastly, greater attention to situations of energy precariousness. This is why in 2009 a programme was launched, steered jointly by the Foresight Mission of the French Ecology Ministry and by the French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME), called 'Rethinking Cities in a Post-carbon Society'. This programme's work is still on-going to wards a final report planned for - 2013. This month, Futuribles is devoting a special dossier to it, coordinated by Jacques Theys, who launched this programme, and Eric Vidalenc who now coordinates it with Nathalie Etahiri. Their article, which opens this dossier, outlines the approach and thinking at the heart of this study, which provides a deep analysis of the role cities play -or might play- in the promotion of major developments and changes to encourage a post-carbon society. In it, most importantly, the authors present the six transition scenarios that have been developed with the aim of proposing various possible routes to post-carbon cities in 2050 through highly concrete initiatives and measures in the fields of transport and housing policy, on decisions around energy, housing conditions, lifestyles etc. Lastly, they stress a major issue underlying such an ambition -namely, the way that short-, medium- and long-term goals hang together. (authors)

  5. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herbelin, Bruno; Lasserre, Sebastien; Ciger, Jan

    2008-01-01

    Flying Cities is an artistic installation which generates imaginary cities from the speech of its visitors. Thanks to an original interactive process analyzing people's vocal input to create 3D graphics, a tangible correspondence between speech and visuals opens new possibilities of interaction....... This cross-modal interaction not only supports our artistic messages, but also aims at providing anyone with a pleasant and stimulating feedback from her/his speech activity. As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective is now to cross the bridge...

  6. Drone City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2016-01-01

    design” will be used as a background perspective to reflect upon the future of drones in cities. The other perspective used to frame the phenomenon is the emerging discourse of the “smart city”. A city of proliferating digital information and data communication may be termed a smart city as shorthand...... on the block” that will potentially be a game-changer for urban governance, economics and everyday life. Here we are thinking of the unmanned aerial vehicle or drone as the popular term has it. Therefore, the paper asks how life in “drone city” may play out. Drones may alter the notion of surveillance by means...

  7. 24 CFR 982.618 - Shared housing: Housing quality standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Shared housing: Housing quality... Types Shared Housing § 982.618 Shared housing: Housing quality standards. (a) Compliance with HQS. The... the unit available for use by the assisted family under its lease, meets the housing quality...

  8. Definition of squatter housing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gedik, A

    1993-01-01

    One of the most critical urban problems of developing countries is squatter housing. Squatter housing was defined as housing illegally established and roughly constructed. The initial structure was small in size, made of low-quality materials, and built with nominal labor costs on squatter land with a nominal rent. The basic housing unit may be expanded over time. Squatter housing arises out of a variety of circumstances, including an inadequate supply of old depleted formal housing near the central business district. Squatter housing is attractive to migrants and others in low-income and insecure employment. Improvements in squatter housing locations are possible when spatial location problems are not a concern. Policies concerning squatter housing have changed over time. Most government policies accept the inevitability of squatter housing and seek to improve and upgrade housing and public service conditions. The literature on squatter housing spans a variety of forms of housing. The variety of forms was due to the variety of levels of development within countries, changes over time, and changes toward a more permanent population in the labor force rather then temporary migrants. The forms of housing were identified as legal-formal residential housing which excluded slums, residential slums, squatter housing, and other residential housing. Set theory was used to clarify, with explicitness and a minimum of redundancies, 14 different sets. The 14 sets revolved around socioeconomic levels, housing and environmental conditions, construction process, land ownership, zoning regulations, subdivision regulations, and building construction regulations. Legal-formal housing meant legal land ownership and conformity to legal zoning, subdivision, and building construction regulations. Usually housing was of higher quality and construction was according to a time schedule. Slum housing also conformed to legal status and a regular time span for construction, but the

  9. Indoor radon levels and lung cancer risk estimates in seven cities of the Bahawalpur Division, Pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Indoor radon concentration levels were measured in seven major cities of the Bahawalpur Division, Pakistan. These included Fort Abbas, Minchin Abad, Hasilpur, Bahawalpur, Liaqatpur, Rahimyar Khan and Sadiq Abad. In order to select houses for this survey, the inhabitants were approached through their school-registered children. Due to several constraints, only those 100 houses were chosen in each city that were relatively the best representatives of the built-up area. The selected houses were then divided into five categories according to the house locations and building characteristics. CR-39 detectors, placed in polyethylene bags, were installed at head height in bedrooms and sitting rooms of all the selected houses and were exposed to radon and its daughter products for 90 days. Four such measurements were performed over a year in order to average out the seasonal variation in radon levels. After exposure, all the detectors were etched and counted under an optical microscope. The track densities of four measurements were averaged out and related to radon concentration levels. The radon levels were found to be 20, 20, 26, 28, 34, 42, 47 Bq m-3 in the bedrooms and 24, 26, 27, 26, 37, 40, 43 Bq m-3 in sitting rooms of Hasilpur, Rahimyar, Khan, Minchin Abad, Fort Abbas, Sadiq Abad, Bahawalpur and Liaqatpur respectively. The observed variation in the radon level may be attributed to the geological variation in the area. Based on the observed data, excess lung cancer risk was assessed using the risk factors recommended by the USEPA, UNSCEAR and the ICRP. According to the EPA model, the lifetime excess lung cancer risk due to the lifetime exposure is found to vary from 12-102 per million per year in the houses surveyed. This variation is from 16-114 and 26-62 per million per year if UNSCEAR and ICRP limits are applied respectively. (author)

  10. How to make housing sustainable? The Dutch experience

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    Sustainable housing has been a major topic of national policy in the Netherlands for fifteen years. The author argues that sustainable housing is a badly defined concept, both in scientific literature and in policy documents. The Dutch government has never indicated how the sustainability of housing could be measured, or realized a zero measurement, which would enable researchers to evaluate environmental policies to promote sustainable housing properly. A narrow definition of sustainability ...

  11. The Jewel of the City

    OpenAIRE

    Movassagh, Susan

    2011-01-01

    This thesis topic was selected in order to explore a connection between a passion for the beauty of gemstones and craftsmanship of jewelry making to provide a metaphor for making beautiful architecture. The direction of the thesis made manifest connections and similarities between integrating art, craft and making beautiful jewel pieces and architectural spaces for a building devoted to housing the kinds of precious items that would be reflected in a city such as Washington DC. The appreciati...

  12. AUTHOR GUIDELINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chief Editor

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available AUTHOR GUIDELINESIndian Journal of Community Health (IJCH accepts only online submission of manuscript(s by using Open Journal software (OJS at http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/loginOnline SubmissionsAlready have a Username/Password for Indian Journal of Community Health (IJCH? GO TO LOGINNeed a Username/Password?GO TO REGISTRATIONNote: Registration and login are required to submit items online and to track the status of current submissions.Author GuidelinesIJCH strictly adheres on the recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals as per the standard universal guidelines given by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE - Recommendations for Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts. Authors are requested to visit http://www.icmje.org/index.html before making online submission of their manuscript(s.SectionsEditorial:On issues of current public health needAbout 1000 – 1200 wordsReferences: 5 – 10 (PubMed - Citation preferredInvited Commentary:Brief, provocative, opinionated communicationsOn issues of current public health needMain Text: 750-1000 words excluding referencesReferences: 5 – 10 (PubMed - Citation preferredOriginal Article:Articles from Original ResearchStructured abstract: 250 wordsMain Text: 2500 - 3000 words, IMRD formatKey Words: 5 - 8References: 20 – 25 (PubMed - Citation preferredTables / Figures: 3 – 4*Certificate of clearance from respective Institutional Ethical Committee (IECReview Article:On subject of public health relevanceAbstract: 250 wordsMain Text: 2500 - 3000 wordsKey Words: 3 - 4References: 20 – 25 (PubMed - Citation preferredTables / Figures: 3 – 4Short Communication / Article:Short report of a research project / outbreakMain Text : 1000 – 1200 wordsReferences: 10 – 15 (PubMed - Citation preferredTable / Figure: 01*Certificate of clearance from respective Institutional Ethical Committee (IECReport from the field

  13. City Streets

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This data set contains roadway centerlines for city streets found on the USGS 1:24,000 mapping series. In some areas, these roadways are current through the 2000...

  14. Situation-Based Housing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duelund Mortensen, Peder

    Presentation of urban housing research on flexible housing types in the Copenhagen Region: Theoretical background, methodology, analyse of spatial organization, interviews and results. Cases: Pærehaven in Ølby, Køge and M-house in Ørestad, Copenhagen......Presentation of urban housing research on flexible housing types in the Copenhagen Region: Theoretical background, methodology, analyse of spatial organization, interviews and results. Cases: Pærehaven in Ølby, Køge and M-house in Ørestad, Copenhagen...

  15. Potential Cities_

    OpenAIRE

    Budzynski, Scott

    2015-01-01

    Buildings and urban construction are understood in this paper as representations of the city. Their meanings, however, are often invisible, positing unrealized urban visions, which are both imbedded in and which call up chains of associations expressing desires and fears. Narratives of what the city should be often contain the rejection of the existing urban situation. Understanding architectural objects as potential underscores their imaginary nature. Freud, for example, uses the Roman ruins...

  16. Beautiful city

    OpenAIRE

    Gerald A. Carlino

    2009-01-01

    Proponents of the City Beautiful movement advocated for sizable public investments in monumental spaces, street beautification, and classical architecture. Today, economists and policymakers see the provision of consumer leisure amenities as a way to attract people and jobs to cities. But past studies have provided only indirect evidence of the importance of leisure amenities for urban growth and development. In this article, Jerry Carlino uses a new data set on the number of leisure tourist ...

  17. City Beautiful

    OpenAIRE

    Gerald A. Carlino; Saiz, Albert

    2008-01-01

    The City Beautiful movement, which in the early 20th century advocated city beautification as a way to improve the living conditions and civic virtues of the urban dweller, had languished by the Great Depression. Today, new urban economic theorists and policymakers are coming to see the provision of consumer leisure amenities as a way to attract population, especially the highly skilled and their employers. However, past studies have provided only indirect evidence of the importance of leisur...

  18. Model cities

    OpenAIRE

    M Batty

    2007-01-01

    The term ?model? is now central to our thinking about how weunderstand and design cities. We suggest a variety of ways inwhich we use ?models?, linking these ideas to Abercrombie?sexposition of Town and Country Planning which represented thestate of the art fifty years ago. Here we focus on using models asphysical representations of the city, tracing the development ofsymbolic models where the focus is on simulating how functiongenerates form, to iconic models where the focus is on representi...

  19. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chief Editor

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available AUTHOR GUIDELINES Indian Journal of Community Health (IJCH accepts only online submission of manuscript(s by using Open Journal software (OJS at http://www.iapsmupuk.org/journal/index.php/IJCH/login Online SubmissionsAlready have a Username/Password for Indian Journal of Community Health (IJCH? GO TO LOGINNeed a Username/Password?GO TO REGISTRATIONNote: Registration and login are required to submit items online and to track the status of current submissions.Author GuidelinesIJCH strictly adheres on the recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals as per the standard universal guidelines given by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE - Recommendations for Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts. Authors are requested to visit http://www.icmje.org/index.html before making online submission of their manuscript(s. http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/manuscript-preparation/preparing-for-submission.html Preparing for SubmissionGeneral PrinciplesReporting GuidelinesManuscript SectionsTitle PageAbstractIntroductionMethodsResultsDiscussionReferencesTablesIllustrations (FiguresUnits of MeasurementAbbreviations and Symbols 1. General PrinciplesThe text of articles reporting original research is usually divided into Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections. This so-called “IMRAD” structure is not an arbitrary publication format but a reflection of the process of scientific discovery. Articles often need subheadings within these sections to further organize their content. Other types of articles, such as meta-analyses, may require different formats, while case reports, narrative reviews, and editorials may have less structured or unstructured formats.Electronic formats have created opportunities for adding details or sections, layering information, cross-linking, or extracting portions of articles in electronic versions. Supplementary electronic

  20. Sustainable cities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Sustainable City Project, a collaboration among the cities of Portland, Oregon, and San Francisco and San Jose, California, aims at developing and implementing sustainable energy planning methods and programs for cites. For a period of two years (1989-90), the three project cities worked in parallel, yet pursued independent courses to develop appropriate sustainable urban energy practices to meet local needs and aspirations. Central to the Sustainable City Project was finding ways to manage today's urban energy needs without jeopardizing the needs of future generations. Sustainability implies that nothing should go to waste, but rather should contribute to the proper balance between the natural environment and the built environment Sustainable urban energy systems encompass more than energy efficiency and energy conservation measures: they must be diverse, flexible, self-reliant, renewable, and integrated. Since local governments make decisions affecting land use, building codes, transportation systems, waste disposal, and power plants--all of which impact energy resource use--local jurisdictions can do much to ensure their own sustainable future. This paper will present an accounting of the specific steps that each city took to determine and begin implementation of their respective approaches to sustainable energy planning, with a specific focus on the City of San Jose activities. Useful tools for facilitating community process, program planning and implementation, and quantitative analysis will also be discussed

  1. House Price, House Quality and Economic Growth

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Vries, P.; Boelhouwer, P.J.

    2010-01-01

    The literature on housing markets suggest that periods of economic growth are characterised by a demand for better housing quality and increasing prices. The basic principles of the theory are that the short-run price fluctuations occur due to market imperfection, while over the long term, causality

  2. China’s House Price: Affected by Economic Fundamentals or Real Estate Policy?

    OpenAIRE

    Huayi Yu

    2010-01-01

    Many theory and empirical literature conclude that house price can reflect economic fundamentals in the long-term. However, by using China’s panel data of 35 main cities stretching from 1998 to 2007, we find that there is no stable relationship between house price and economic fundamentals. House price has deviated upward from the economic fundamentals since government started macro-control of the real estate market. We consider that the mechanism between the house price and economic fundamen...

  3. Measuring Housing Price Growth – Using Stratification to Improve Median-based Measures

    OpenAIRE

    Nalini Prasad; Anthony Richards

    2006-01-01

    Developments in housing prices are of interest to households, policy-makers and those involved in the housing industry. This has been the case both in Australia and in other countries where house price developments are having significant macroeconomic impacts. However, the construction of measures of city-wide or nationwide average housing prices is not a straightforward exercise. One problem is that the sample of dwellings transacted in any period may be far from random and the characteristi...

  4. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chief Editor

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Author GuidelinesIJCH strictly adheres on the recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals as per the standard universal guidelines given by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE - Recommendations for Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts. Authors are requested to visit http://www.icmje.org/index.html before making online submission of their manuscript(s.  http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/manuscript-preparation/preparing-for-submission.html Preparing for SubmissionPAGE CONTENTSGeneral PrinciplesReporting GuidelinesManuscript SectionsTitle PageAbstractIntroductionMethodsResultsDiscussionReferencesTablesIllustrations (FiguresUnits of MeasurementAbbreviations and Symbols1. General PrinciplesThe text of articles reporting original research is usually divided into Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections. This so-called “IMRAD” structure is not an arbitrary publication format but a reflection of the process of scientific discovery. Articles often need subheadings within these sections to further organize their content. Other types of articles, such as meta-analyses, may require different formats, while case reports, narrative reviews, and editorials may have less structured or unstructured formats.Electronic formats have created opportunities for adding details or sections, layering information, cross-linking, or extracting portions of articles in electronic versions. Supplementary electronic-only material should be submitted and sent for peer review simultaneously with the primary manuscript.2. Reporting GuidelinesReporting guidelines have been developed for different study designs; examples include CONSORT for randomized trials, STROBE for observational studies, PRISMA for systematic reviews and meta-analyses, and STARD for studies of diagnostic accuracy. Journals are encouraged to ask authors to follow these guidelines because

  5. Does geographic targeting of nutrition interventions make sense in cities?

    OpenAIRE

    Morris, Saul Sutkover; Levin, Carol E.; Armar-Klemesu, Margaret; Maxwell, Daniel G.; Ruel, Marie T.

    1999-01-01

    Although most developing country cities are characterized by pockets of substandard housing and inadequate service provision, it is not known to what degree low incomes and malnutrition are confined to specific neighborhoods. This analysis uses representative household surveys of Abidjan and Accra to quantify small-area clustering in service provision, demographic characteristics, consumption, and nutrition. Both cities showed significant clustering in housing conditions but not in nutrition,...

  6. A Tale of Five Cities; A Report of the New York State Senate Standing Committee on Cities and City of New York.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flynn, John E.

    New York City, Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, and Yonkers share many qualities of cities in the Northeast including blighted neighborhoods, deserted factories, heavy municipal debt, shrinking constitutional taxing and borrowing limits, reductions in services, an aging housing market, substantial unemployment, and financially dependent school…

  7. ICI Showcase House Prototype

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2009-02-16

    Building Science Corporation collaborated with ICI Homes in Daytona Beach, FL on a 2008 prototype Showcase House that demonstrates the energy efficiency and durability upgrades that ICI currently promotes through its in-house efficiency program called EFactor.

  8. Housing Inventory Count

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — This report displays the data communities reported to HUD about the nature of their dedicated homeless inventory, referred to as their Housing Inventory Count...

  9. Housing of Hobson's Choice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Hedvig

    2010-01-01

    This paper looks at policies implemented to improve troubled housing estates during more than two decades. Based on evaluations of implemented programmes and case studies the paper provides a basis for discussing a number of questions: • Why do we have troubled housing estates? • What is the...... definition of troubled housing estates? • Who lives on troubled housing estates? • Who owns and manages the troubled housing estates? • What have been the reasons behind improvement programmes for troubled housing estates? • What kind of improvement programmes have been implemented and with what kind of...... results? • Have improvement programmes changed the position of the estates on the local housing markets? • What are the changes in policies and results? • What are the perspectives for policy initiatives in the field of troubled housing estates?...

  10. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Guidelines for Article Submission SiELE journal accepts articles on research and development in the field of teaching and learning of English, linguistics, educational development, policy and cultural studies in education. To be considered for publication, the article should be presented in the following system: First page: include a title page with the full title of the paper (must not exceed 16 words, the author(s’ name(s, affiliation(s, phone number(s and e-mail address of the corresponding author. A brief bio-data of the author(s (maximum of 100 words is provided in this page. Second p age and subsequent page: Submissions should be between 4000-6000 (including abstract, table(s, figure(s and references in A4 size paper with margins as the following: top 3 cm, bottom 3 cm, right 2.5 cm and left 4 cm. The font is Times New Roman, size 12 and single spaced. The article should generally consist of the following sections: introduction, review of literature, method, findings, discussion and conclusion. Headings and subheadings should be presented as follows (provide a space between the headings and sub-headings. 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Subheading of the Content 1.1.1 Subheading of the Content For Tables, the title size is 12 and the content size is 10. Please number the tables subsequently throughout your article and the title is written above the table. For Figures, the title size is 12 and the content size (if any is 10. Please number the figures subsequently throughout your article and the title is written below the figure. The reference list should be arranged alphabetically following the guidelines of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.. See the following examples:   Book: Ellis, R. (2003. Task-based language learning and teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Internet source: Andrewes, S. (2003. Group work v. whole-class activities. Retrieved October 1, 2012 from http://www.teachingenglish.org

  11. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Guidelines for Article Submission SiELE journal accepts articles on research and development in the field of teaching and learning of English, linguistics, educational development, policy and cultural studies in education.To be considered for publication, the article should be presented in the following system:First page: include a title page with the full title of the paper (must not exceed 16 words, the author(s’ name(s, affiliation(s, phone number(s and e-mail address of the corresponding author. A brief bio-data of the author(s (maximum of 100 words is provided in this page.Second page and subsequent page: Submissions should be between 4000-6000 (including abstract, table(s, figure(s and references in A4 size paper with margins as the following: top 3 cm, bottom 3 cm, right 2.5 cm and left 4 cm. The font is Times New Roman, size 12 and single spaced. The article should generally consist of the following sections: introduction, review of literature, method, findings, discussion and conclusion.Headings and subheadings should be presented as follows (provide a space between the headings and sub-headings. 1         INTRODUCTION1.1      Subheading of the content 1.1.1   Subheading of the content  For Tables, the title size is 12 and the content size is 10. Please number the tables subsequently throughout your article and the title is written above the table.For Figures, the title size is 12 and the content size (if any is 10. Please number the figures subsequently throughout your article and the title is written below the figure.The reference list should be arranged alphabetically following the guidelines of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.. See the following examples: Book: Ellis, R. (2003. Task-based language learning and teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Internet source: Andrewes, S. (2003. Group work v. whole-class activities. Retrieved October 1, 2012 from http://www

  12. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Guidelines for Article Submission SiELE journal accepts articles on research and development in the field of teaching and learning of English, linguistics, educational development, policy and cultural studies in education.To be considered for publication, the article should be presented in the following system:First page: include a title page with the full title of the paper (must not exceed 16 words, the author(s’ name(s, affiliation(s, phone number(s and e-mail address of the corresponding author. A brief bio-data of the author(s (maximum of 100 words is provided in this page.Second page and subsequent page: Submissions should be between 4000-6000 (including abstract, table(s, figure(s and references in A4 size paper with margins as the following: top 3 cm, bottom 3 cm, right 2.5 cm and left 4 cm. The font is Times New Roman, size 12 and single spaced. The article should generally consist of the following sections: introduction, review of literature, method, findings, discussion and conclusion.Headings and subheadings should be presented as follows (provide a space between the headings and sub-headings. 1         INTRODUCTION1.1      Subheading of the Content 1.1.1   Subheading of the Content  For Tables, the title size is 12 and the content size is 10. Please number the tables subsequently throughout your article and the title is written above the table.For Figures, the title size is 12 and the content size (if any is 10. Please number the figures subsequently throughout your article and the title is written below the figure.The reference list should be arranged alphabetically following the guidelines of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.. See the following examples: Book: Ellis, R. (2003. Task-based language learning and teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Internet source: Andrewes, S. (2003. Group work v. whole-class activities. Retrieved October 1, 2012 from http://www

  13. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Guidelines for Article Submission SiELE journal accepts articles on research and development in the field of teaching and learning of English, linguistics, educational development, policy and cultural studies in education. To be considered for publication, the article should be presented in the following system: First page: include a title page with the full title of the paper (must not exceed 16 words, the author(s’ name(s, affiliation(s, phone number(s and e-mail address of the corresponding author. A brief bio-data of the author(s (maximum of 100 words is provided in this page. Second page and subsequent page: Submissions should be between 4000-6000 (including abstract, table(s, figure(s and references in A4 size paper with margins as the following: top 3 cm, bottom 3 cm, right 2.5 cm and left 4 cm. The font is Times New Roman, size 12 and single spaced. The article should generally consist of the following sections: introduction, review of literature, method, findings, discussion and conclusion. Headings and subheadings should be presented as follows (provide a space between the headings and sub-headings. 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Subheading of the content 1.1.1 Subheading of the content For Tables, the title size is 12 and the content size is 10. Please number the tables subsequently throughout your article and the title is written above the table. For Figures, the title size is 12 and the content size (if any is 10. Please number the figures subsequently throughout your article and the title is written below the figure. The reference list should be arranged alphabetically following the guidelines of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.. See the following examples: Back Matter| 79 80 | STUDIES IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND EDUCATION, Volume 1, Number 1, March 2014 Book: Ellis, R. (2003. Task-based language learning and teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Internet source: Andrewes, S. (2003. Group work v

  14. Author Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Guidelines for Article Submission SiELE journal accepts articles on research and development in the field of teaching and learning of English, linguistics, educational development, policy and cultural studies in education.To be considered for publication, the article should be presented in the following system:First page: include a title page with the full title of the paper (must not exceed 16 words, the author(s’ name(s, affiliation(s, phone number(s and e-mail address of the corresponding author. A brief bio-data of the author(s (maximum of 100 words is provided in this page.Second page and subsequent page: Submissions should be between 4000-6000 (including abstract, table(s, figure(s and references in A4 size paper with margins as the following: top 3 cm, bottom 3 cm, right 2.5 cm and left 4 cm. The font is Times New Roman, size 12 and single spaced. The article should generally consist of the following sections: introduction, review of literature, method, findings, discussion and conclusion.Headings and subheadings should be presented as follows (provide a space between the headings and sub-headings. 1         INTRODUCTION1.1      Subheading of the content 1.1.1   Subheading of the content  For Tables, the title size is 12 and the content size is 10. Please number the tables subsequently throughout your article and the title is written above the table.For Figures, the title size is 12 and the content size (if any is 10. Please number the figures subsequently throughout your article and the title is written below the figure.The reference list should be arranged alphabetically following the guidelines of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.. See the following examples: Book: Ellis, R. (2003. Task-based language learning and teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Internet source: Andrewes, S. (2003. Group work v. whole-class activities. Retrieved October 1, 2012 from http://www

  15. A New Step for a Sustainable and Balanced Urban Policy in Asian Living Historic City Conservation: The Case of Qufu, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Roland; Lin; Chih-Hung

    2015-01-01

    Taking the case of Qufu(birthplace of Confucius), China, a world cultural heritage site and a Chinese living historic city, the author analyses the current situation/issues of culture heritage assessment and the planning of urban conservation, renewal and development. The objective of this article is to explore related issues to generate guidance for selecting appropriate methodologies(strategies) and principles(tools/planning/tasks/action) to assess cultural heritage values and cultural signifi cance in the Asian living historic city context as part of an integrated culture-oriented development planning. The author calls for the necessity of an interdisciplinary approach to realize such development planning, with the participation of researchers and specialists from interdisciplinary areas: city planning, transportation, housing, territory studies, tourism, cultural heritage preservation, history, sociology, economy, archaeology, architecture, anthropology, museum studies, art/aesthetic studies, etc., for a new step in a sustainable and balanced urban policy.

  16. The Future of Large, Older American Cities to the Year 2000. Discourses, No. 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Downs, Anthony

    The three major factors affecting the future of the nation's cities are: (1) lack of housing demand due to population migration; (2) the conflict between suburban growth and city restoration; and (3) the combination of racially segregated housing markets, obsolescence of existing buildings, and the high cost structure of both public sector and…

  17. Impact of Megacity Jobs-Housing Spatial Mismatch on Commuting Behaviors: A Case Study on Central Districts of Shanghai, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiang Zhou

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This studyutilized the mobile signaling data to conductthe impact analysis of jobs-housing spatial mismatch on commuting behavior, with eight typical employment centers of three categories selected as the research subjects. Based on the analysis of the characteristics and indictors including commuting distance, accessibilities from cumulative opportunity model etc., this study demonstrates that (a cumulative percentage of short commuting distance (e.g., less than 3 km reflects the jobs-housing spatial match between employment centers and their peripheral areas; and (b combining the indicators of employed population and area covered within a certain space-time range among indictors of accessibility, it is possible to identify the degree of jobs-housing balance and efficiency of the transport system. According to the evaluation radar maps, the authors believe that employment centers could be divided into three categories: those with a gathering power, those with improvable functions, and those with local adjustment potentials. Possible measures including controlling the gathering power of the city centers, improving the function mix and transport facilities, and optimizing the overall local environment, etc. could be made to achieve jobs-housing balance in central districts and their peripheral areas as a whole. Besides, the study, proceeding from the perspective of commuters, suggests that optimization of jobs-housing distribution along banded corridors would be more efficient than those within the traditional region so as to reduce commuting traffic load.

  18. Radon in houses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study is to determine the concentrations of 222Rn and its short-lived daughter products in the air of single-family houses in the midwestern US. During the past year, more than 200 houses were added to the study, resulting in a total of more than 400 houses. So far, results are available for 270 of these houses, equally divided between the Chicago area and Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania. 6 refs

  19. National Telecommunications and Information Administration Authorization. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Telecommunications, Consumer Protection, and Finance of the Committee on Energy and Commerce. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, Second Session on HR 5497, a Bill to Authorize Appropriations for the National Telecommunications and Information Administration for Fiscal Years of 1985 and 1986.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Energy and Commerce.

    This report on a hearing on legislation to authorize an increased appropriation for the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) for fiscal years 1985 and 1986 contains an introductory statement by Timothy E. Wirth, Chairman of the Subcommittee on Telecommunications, Consumer Protection, and Finance; the text of the bill;…

  20. The Tarascan Indian House.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, Joyce

    1989-01-01

    This lesson plan introduces K-grade three students to Mexican Indian architecture. Students will become familiar with the cultural context of the Indian treasure house; discuss the use of wood as the sole building material; compare the treasure house with present day structures; and create miniature treasure houses using wood materials. (GEA)

  1. Dutch house price fundamentals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haffner, M.E.A.; de Vries, P.

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses house price developments in the Netherlands, specifically focussing on the question whether current house prices in the Dutch owner-occupied market are likely to decrease. We analyse three aspects of the question based on a literature review: (1) whether there is a house price b

  2. Polish Housing Policy in Com parison with the Housing Policy in the UE – Selected Issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Szelągowska

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to present the main principles of Polish housing policy and to compare it with the housing policy in the European Union. Poland, as an UE member, did not hammer out successful solutions which could facilitate the process of building new low-rental dwellings. The authors aim is to find the answer to research question: is it worth concentrating on fulfilling housing needs of low-income households in Poland and if yes, why? In order to do this the following hypothesis is put forward: on account of long-standing neglect connected with the Polish social housing finance there is an urgent need of housing reform oriented to the low-income housing growth.

  3. The Street Children Development in Open House

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didin Saripudin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The street children handling through open house has been developed in Indonesia since 1998. One of street children handling steps in open house is resocialization. This study is conducted to evaluate the effect of resocialization program implemention in open house on the street children and to determine how far such program reached its goal. Approach: The design of this study was program evaluation using quantitative approach. This study used Context, Input, Process and Product (CIPP evaluation model by focusing on three of four components of CIPP evaluation model such as input, process and product. The population and sample of the study were administrator, facilitator and street children chosen from 16 open houses in Bandung City, West Java Province, Indonesia. Results: The perception of administrator, facilitator and street children on input relevance was positive in avarage level. The perception of administrator, facilitator and street children on process was positive in avarage and high level. This study also presents input and process variables contribute significantly toward the product variable. Conclusion/Recommendations: The street children resocialization program in open house in Bandung, from input, process and product components, is generally in average level, there are still some weaknesses that can be handled. In order to reach the goal of street children resocialization in open house, corrective action can be taken comprehensively and synergically by the responsible ones.

  4. Size and Characteristic of Housing Bubbles in China's Major Cities: 1999-2010%Size and Characteristic of Housing Bubbles in China's Major Cities: 1999-2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huayi Yu

    2011-01-01

    There is some disagreement in the published literature regarding the definition and the measurement of housing bubbles in China. Extending the analytical framework of Black et al. (2006), the present paper measures the housing bubbles of China's 35 major cities from the second quarter of 1999 to the second quarter of 2010. The results indicate that the housing bubbles in China's 35 major cities were relatively small in the sample interval, but the bubbles in eastern metropolises, such as Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Hangzhou and Ningbo, have been relatively big since 2005. The changing tendency of housing bubbles in most cities highly corresponds with the changes in real estate policies. This paper decomposes the housing bubbles of the 35 cities, and finds a great proportion of irrational bubbles rather than rational intrinsic bubbles generated by price speculation. Based on empirical analysis, this paper proposes policy recommendations for preventing the generation and expansion of housing bubbles.

  5. Dutch house price fundamentals

    OpenAIRE

    Haffner, M.E.A.; De Vries, P.

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses house price developments in the Netherlands, specifically focussing on the question whether current house prices in the Dutch owner-occupied market are likely to decrease. We analyse three aspects of the question based on a literature review: (1) whether there is a house price bubble ready to burst; (2) whether house prices will decline in response to the credit crisis that started in 2007; and (3) whether it is likely that house prices will decrease as a result of reform...

  6. Zero energy house

    OpenAIRE

    Milián Martínez, Irene; Vink, Willem; Ortiz Braulio, Ruben

    2008-01-01

    The zero energy house project talks about sustainability. In general terms the house is designed to produce as much energy as it consume. If you take a look to the house its possible to find several systems that takes as much profit as possible to the renewable energies like photovoltaic electricity production, geothermal energy used to run a heat pump or a well thought isolated house. First of all it’s possible to find general information about the topics in house, to make people understa...

  7. Putting renewable energy to work in cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPerson, B.; Mara, G.; Courier, K.; Finneran, K.

    The purpose of the book is to supply city officials with information needed to develop local policies that encourage the use of energy conservation and renewable energy technologies. The basic assumptions are that city energy officials need technical information, that urban energy managers must be conscious of the constraints and opportunities posed by existing conditions and that no urban program can afford to overlook the links between energy and housing, employment, and economic development. Part One contains guidelines to help local energy officials assess their own urban energy contexts. Parts Two and Three indicate how different energy technologies might fit within different city contexts or neighborhoods.

  8. Assisted Housing - Multifamily Properties - Assisted

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — HUD's Multifamily Housing property portfolio consist primarily of rental housing properties with five or more dwelling units such as apartments or town houses, but...

  9. City Branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trads, Søren Frimann; Stigel, Jørgen

    2006-01-01

    Succesful corporate branding requires that questions related to communication, publicity, and organizational structures are adressed. An uncritical adoption of approaches known from tradition product branding will inevitable give problems as the properties of tangible commodities and services with...... potential visitors, problems seem to multiply in what has becom known as city branding. This analysis of the communicational aspects of two Danish provincial towns´ branding efforts examines both their internally and externally directed communication. It demonstrates that an insufficient understanding of...... - or willingness to face - these differences will inevitably hamper such branding efforts because of the consequential inconsistencies. Finally, paths to more effective city branding are indicated...

  10. Soft Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brix, Anders; Yoneda, Akira; Nakamura, Kiyoshi

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a project exploring sustainable ways of urban living. The project renders a scenario comprised of an array of simple conversions of existing urban spaces and buildings, in the attempt to tie strategies ranging from urban planning to interior design into a coherent vision of a...... sustainable future. The project is the result of a joint research study between Denmark and Japan. Taking as its example the city of Kyoto, the project investigates some possible strategies on how cities more generally may be transformed into liveable, healthy and ecologically sensible environments....

  11. IZBERBASH CITY IN THE COURSE OF EMERGING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magomed-Ganipa Gamidovich MAGOMEDOV

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper considered Izberbash city in the course of foundation from scratch, after the (Great Patriotic War. The author has shown the course of building the industrial enterprises, the residential area and the infrastructure of the city in a whole, under the leadership of public authorities. The fact that oil had been struck in this area had contributed to establishment of the city, and it gave a stimulus to advancement of oil industry. At the first stage, the Russianspeaking inhabitants rendered substantial assistance to construction of the city, as well as arrival of newcomers to the republic from various regions of the USSR. The paper also mentioned the part taken by the public authorities in coping with economic and social challenges in the city Izberbash. The paper examined shortcomings and errors made in solving various issues of the emerging city

  12. 24 CFR 248.157 - Voluntary sale of housing not in excess of Federal cost limit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... excess of Federal cost limit. 248.157 Section 248.157 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating... UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES PREPAYMENT OF LOW INCOME HOUSING MORTGAGES Prepayments and Plans of Action Under the Low Income Housing Preservation and Resident Homeownership Act of...

  13. 24 CFR 248.161 - Mandatory sale of housing in excess of the Federal cost limit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of the Federal cost limit. 248.161 Section 248.161 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating... UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES PREPAYMENT OF LOW INCOME HOUSING MORTGAGES Prepayments and Plans of Action Under the Low Income Housing Preservation and Resident Homeownership Act of...

  14. Symmetry distribution of cities in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The authors of this paper induced five principles of geographical symmetry based on the space distributions of cities and towns in China. There is a symmetry distribution of cities and towns. The symmetry characteristics are the following: (i) the average coordination number of the cities (including large cities, medium cities and county towns) is 6 ( i.g. rotation symmetry); (ii) the distribution of large and medium cities are shown to be the latticework in which two directions are parallel to two main tectonic ones in China, respectively; (iii) the distribution of county towns of a province is also shown to be the latticework in which two directions are parallel to two tectonic ones in this province (i. g. two-dimensional translation ) and (iv) the concentric circle distribution of cities (CCDC) is centered round a large city (i. g. rotation symmetry).

  15. Moodulmaja Passion House = "Passion House" modular home

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Moodulmaja Passion House. Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali innovatsioonipreemia 2013 kvaliteetse disaini ja perspektiivika arendustegevuse oskusliku sidumise eest. Arhitekt Eero Endjärv (Arhitekt11), sisearhitekt Hannelore Kääramees (Arhitekt11)

  16. Staying Preferences by Street Children in Surat City

    OpenAIRE

    Patel NB, Desai Toral, Bansal RK, Girish Thakar

    2011-01-01

    India houses the largest number of street children in the world. These children often live in abject poverty and squalid conditions. The present study aims to explore their staying preferences in the city of Surat and the reasons thereof. This cross-sectional study was conducted by interviewing 326 street children in Surat city. The study found that street children prefer to stay and work in Surat city as they perceive that Surat is a safer city; it is easier to earn money in this city; life ...

  17. Spatial Dependencies in Wind-related Housing Damage

    OpenAIRE

    De Silva, Dakshina G.; Jamie B. Kruse; Wang, Yongsheng

    2008-01-01

    This article examines the spatial dependence among housing losses due to tornadoes using data from the May 1999 Oklahoma City tornado. In order to examine the existence of spatial dependence and its impacts on the damage analysis, we compare an estimation based on a traditional ordinary least square model with the general spatial model. The results show that housing damage in this disaster area is highly correlated. Monetary losses not only depend on the tornado that struck residences, but ar...

  18. Recent Trends in Housing Conditions Among the Urban Poor

    OpenAIRE

    Blank, Rebecca M.; Rosen, Harvey S.

    1989-01-01

    In this paper we examine the trends in housing conditions among the urban poor over the last decade, relate these trends to the economic environments of the cities, and compare the poor to other income groups. We find that there has been a substantial decrease in "housing independence" -- among the poor, the percentage of family heads who live with their parents has risen, and the percentage of family heads who are also household heads has fallen. In addition, the incidence of homeownership a...

  19. The Actuality of Logic. Book review: Elemente de logică şi teoria argumentării, authors Professor PhD Sorin–Tudor MAXIM, Lecturer PhD Marius-Costel EŞI. Iaşi, România: Lumen Publishing House

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio SANDU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Precisely due to the ubiquity of the logic in the human activity, the field has constituted a temptation for researchers in the area of mathematics, cybernetics and even artificial intelligence, fields that gradually take over logic from the hands of philosophers, articulating it as a new organon of science, in its attempt to formalize and even digitize the real. This exile of logic in the space of digitizing the real places philosophical logic in a cone of undeserved obscurity. It is therefore a necessary repair brought to the prestige of logic, each book that reinstates logic in the horizon of philosophy and argumentation, as in the current volume. The approach initiated by the authors is that to explicit the mechanisms of thinking through logical-formal instruments – this – ensures Sorin Tudor Maxim and Marius Costel Esi – trains thinking into a process of interpreting reality, or in other words, establishing the meaning. This paper is a book review of the volume Elemente de logică şi teoria argumentării, authors Professor PhD Sorin–Tudor MAXIM, Lecturer PhD Marius-Costel EŞI, publishes in Iaşi, România, at Lumen Publishing House.

  20. Fun City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Once the blues guitarist B.B. King sang that when he "didn't wanna live no more", he would go shopping instead. Now, however, shopping has become a lifestyle... The city of today has become "Disneyfied" and "Tivolized". It has become a scene for events. The aim of the book is to encircle and pin ...

  1. City Geology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markle, Sandra

    1989-01-01

    This article provides information on the evolution of the building material, concrete, and suggests hands-on activities that allow students to experience concrete's qualities, test the heat absorbency of various ground surface materials, discover how an area's geology changes, and search for city fossils. A reproducible activity sheet is included.…

  2. 75 FR 4100 - Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Single Family Housing and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM)...

  3. Las bibliotecas, imprentas y librerías en las guías de forasteros y obras relacionadas de la Ciudad de México Libraries, printing houses and bookshops in foreigners' guides and other related works in Mexico City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noé Ángeles Escobar

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Se realiza una revisión de la literatura de viajes, se compilan, con base en ella, datos relevantes sobre bibliotecas, imprentas y librerías. Se muestra una descripción general de la literatura de viajes y se propone una clasificación para el género. Y también se expone la información que sirve como fuente para reconstruir parte de la historia de la cultura impresa que existió en la ciudad de México en el siglo XIX, principalmente a partir de las guías de forasteros.Revision and compilation on travel literature written mainly by foreigners about relevant data on libraries, printing houses and bookshops. A general description of travel literature based on travel guides is given, and a classification for this gender is proposed. Also is included information which can be used to reconstruct part of the printed culture related to this matter, which existed in Mexico City during the 19th Century.

  4. Transformations and City Extensions: Some Observations of Copenhagen's City Form at a Time of Global Change

    OpenAIRE

    Bosselmann, Peter

    2001-01-01

    As someone who has known the city of Copenhagen for the last 30 years, the author of this paper observes an apparent discord between the various new projects and the existing spatial patterns of the inner city. In particular, the author discusses the controversy over Orestad, a new region being created to serve the global economy. Walks through Copenhagen, discovery of old city maps, and visits to picture galleries have unearthed traces of historic transformation that are still visi...

  5. Improved poultry house

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1983-01-01

    The relationship of energy and poultry production was explored in three areas: methane production from litter, broiler house insulation, and broiler house HVAC systems. The findings show that while a methane plant would not be popular with individual American poultry producers; the pay back in fuel and fertilizer, if the plant was located in close proximinity to the processing plant, would be favorable. Broiler house insulation has been dramatically improved since the outset of this study. Presently, all new installations in the survey area are the Environmental houses which are fully insulated. HVAC systems have had to keep pace with the introduction of better insulation. The new Environmental houses HVAC systems are fully automated and operating on a positive atmosphere principal. Ammonia and other problems have been kept in check while reducing air changes per house from a high of 7 per hour to as little as 3 per hour.

  6. Factors Affecting Shopping Behaviour of People in Large Russian Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Грунт, Елена Викторовна

    2015-01-01

    The article discusses the concept of 'shopping': its meaning and factors affecting shopping practices of the Russian city population.  The author concludes that shopping is one of the actively developing forms of consumer behaviour in large cities, a way of spending leisure time, and a specific lifestyle for residents of large cities. The article points out social consequences of shopping in large Russian cities.Key  words: shopping, population, large city, leisure time, lifestyle, consumers'...

  7. Domotics Project Housing Block

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Morón; Alejandro Payán; Alfonso García; Francisco Bosquet

    2016-01-01

    This document develops the study of an implementation project of a home automation system in a housing placed in the town of Galapagar, Madrid. This house, which is going to be occupied by a four-member family, consists of 67 constructed square meters distributed in lounge, kitchen, three bedrooms, bath, bathroom and terrace, this being a common arrangement in Spain. Thus, this study will allow extracting conclusions about the adequacy of the home automation in a wide percentage of housing in...

  8. Intelligent house control system

    OpenAIRE

    Stražišar, Rok

    2008-01-01

    The thesis describes a smart house and the system that empowers it with intelligence. The goal of the thesis is to present the hardware and software involved and debate about the usability, pros and cons of such a system. The work addresses the smart house from several viewpoints: safety, comfort, economy, accessibility for people with special needs and affordability. Using smart house makes every day´s life more secure and comfortable, while it also enables independency to the people with sp...

  9. In-house communication

    OpenAIRE

    Červenková, Petra

    2012-01-01

    The subject of this thesis on the topic „In-house communication“ is to create a proposal of solution and recommendations to remove possible weaknesses and defects of in-house communication in a particular company located in the Usti region. The current in-house communication will be evaluated and there will be theoretical basis of the issue found. The theoretical part establishes a framework that presented as a basis for the practical part, which consists of the particular company descri...

  10. Sustainable Housing Renewal

    OpenAIRE

    M. Sitar; K. Krajnc

    2008-01-01

    Following the already proved models the sustainable planning culture is endangering several methods directed towards the needs of tenants in the existing post-war housing stock. The case-study of our project is the renewal of the multi stored building in the housing estate Metalna, Maribor/Tezno (1949). It is based on the sustainable renovation principle for the quality of sustainable housing in functional, technological and environmental point of view. According to it, the idea of the projec...

  11. Sustainable Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Georg, Susse; Garza de Linde, Gabriela Lucía

    Judging from the number of communities and cities striving or claiming to be sustainable and how often eco-development is invoked as the means for urban regeneration, it appears that sustainable and eco-development have become “the leading paradigm within urban development” (Whitehead 2003). But......), urban design competitions are understudied mechanisms for bringing about field level changes. Drawing on actor network theory, this paper examines how urban design competitions may bring about changes within the professional field through the use of intermediaries such as a sustainable planning....../assessment tool. The context for our study is urban regeneration in one Danish city, which had been suffering from industrial decline and which is currently investing in establishing a “sustainable city”. Based on this case study we explore how the insights and inspiration evoked in working with the tool...

  12. The architects house

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Welling, Helen

    2007-01-01

    The architects house is an article on Edward Heiberg's own house built in 1924. Edward Heiberg was a strong advocate of functionalism, and of the notion that hitherto individualistic and emotional architecture should be replaced by an objective function-based architecture with dwellings for every......The architects house is an article on Edward Heiberg's own house built in 1924. Edward Heiberg was a strong advocate of functionalism, and of the notion that hitherto individualistic and emotional architecture should be replaced by an objective function-based architecture with dwellings...

  13. Analysis of the Responsibilities and Authorities in Governance Structure of Public Hospitals in Shanghai City%上海市公立医院治理结构的职能和权力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张冬慧; 涂诗意; 薛迪

    2012-01-01

    Through the key informers and questionnaire surveys, the responsibilities and authorities of 3 types of 'current governance structures of public hospitals in Shanghai are analyzed. The diversities of governance structures of public hospitals in Shanghai and their differences in responsibilities and authorities are indicated. The direction of the governance structure's reform of public hospitals in Shanghai is also suggested.%通过关键知情者访谈和问卷调查.分析了目前上海市公立医院3种治理模式的职能和权力.指出了上海市公立医院治理形态的多样化、不同治理模式的不同职能和权力结构,并对上海市公立医院治理结构改革的方向提出了建议.

  14. Towards sustainable ground water management in Dar Es Salaam city, Tanzania

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Groundwater pollution in urban areas is a worldwide growing environmental problem in this millennium. Many major cities in the world depend on groundwater for water supplies. However, urbanization processes threaten its quality. The problem is more pronounced in urban areas in developing countries like Tanzania, which are characterized with inadequate infrastructure for waste management. In Tanzania, the situation is more threatening in Dar Es Salaam City, which experiences acute deficiency in infrastructure provision: housing, water supply, sanitation, transportation and energy. The existing challenge is to protect groundwater resources amidst rapid growing Dar Es Salaam city, of which failure can lead to escalating costs for provision of drinking water with overall results of decreased public health conditions. A research conducted from 1997 to 2002, revealed that almost 50% of the water supply in Dar Es Salaam city comes from groundwater and that groundwater is being threatened by indiscriminate disposal practices of both domestic and industrial wastes. For example about 88% of the urban population use on-site sanitation systems, which discharge partially treated sewage to the groundwater. About 60 tonnes/day of chemical oxygen demand (COD) are transported to the groundwater through domestic sewage. Analysis of groundwater quality in the city indicated that the unconfined aquifer is starting to degrade. For instance, more than 40% of groundwater samples analysed for nitrate, chloride and faecal coliform bacteria, did not comply with the national standards for drinking water. Recognising the fact that demand for groundwater is on the increase in the city and that the aquifers have shown signs of degradation, a groundwater management plan is required to ensure sustainable utilization of the resource. This paper discusses the groundwater situation in Dar Es Salaam city and finally puts forward measures towards establishment of a management strategy. (author)

  15. 辽宁省城市社区体育在实施过程中的权力运行机制的研究%A Aesearch on City Community Sports in Implementation Process Authority Operational Mechanism in Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王旭东

    2011-01-01

    The research uses the questionnaire survey procedure,the mathematical method of average, research techniques and so on literature material law, has conducted the investigation and study to the Hunan Province partial city community sports authority operational mechanism present situation.The research demonstrated the Hunan Province city community sports organization manages has not brought to the enough attention, the authority operational mechanism quite is also chaotic, the populace sports authority operational mechanism in the management by supervision, the fund raising mechanism, the communication mechanism and aspects and so on location resources development use mechanism insufficiently is also perfect and mature, proposed conforms to the Hunan Province city community sports actual need community sports authority operational mechanism improvement countermeasure,formulates when the development community sports service policy for the government related functional departments refers.%研究采用问卷调查法、数理统计法、文献资料法等研究方法,对辽宁省部分城市社区体育权力运行机制的现状进行了调查研究。研究显示:辽宁省城市社区体育组织管理还没有引起足够的重视,权力运行机制还比较混乱,群众体育权力运行机制在监督管理、筹资机制、沟通机制和场地资源开发利用机制等方面还不够健全和成熟,提出符合辽宁省城市社区体育实际需要的社区体育权力运行机制的改进对策,供政府有关职能部门制定发展社区体育服务政策时参考。

  16. The New Mode of Housing Production: Gated Communities in İstanbul

    OpenAIRE

    Yönet, Neslihan Aydın; Yirmibeşoğlu, Funda

    2015-01-01

    The city of Istanbul is undergoing rapid socio-spatial transformation due to globalization and neoliberalpolicies. These policies lead to social segregation by creating unequal income distribution and employmentopportunities. This rapid transformation is changing housing demand and supply. Urban elites flee from the chaosand insecurity of the city and start to move into gated communities (GCs) located in the urban periphery. Thesegated communities are the newest form of housing production in ...

  17. Cost effectiveness of property management of public rental housing in Hong Kong

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Wing-sum; 李詠深

    2014-01-01

    As at March of 2014, there are over 168 public housing estates and 766,300 public rental housing flats under the Hong Kong Housing Authority portfolio, it accommodating a total of more than two million people. The estate management and maintenance services are important for government to maintain social cohesion. Housing Department started to outsource property management of public rental housing to property services agents on 1 October 2000 by tender out. After 13 years run for the progr...

  18. 24 CFR 203.426 - Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES SINGLE FAMILY MORTGAGE INSURANCE Contract Rights and Obligations Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund and Distributive Shares § 203.426 Inapplicability to housing in older...

  19. Health begins at home: the housing-health interface for older people.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, L; Heywood, F

    2000-01-01

    Housing issues are of fundamental importance to the health and independence of older people in Britain, but this concept is not reflected in planning for health, housing, or community care. An analysis of community care plans and public health reports reflects how little attention the majority give either to the importance of housing or to the potential of primary care as a means of information exchange between older people and planning processes. Interviews with practitioners and policy makers in four cities, combined with a review of the considerable literature on planning and joint planning in the health and social services, helped to identify the problems in achieving more integrated systems. Structural blockages as fundamental as the definitions of 'health' and 'housing', the attitude of society to manual work, the hidden nature of the problems of older people, and the failure of planning to categorize according to the level of need are identified and summarized in a chart showing how these factors are linked and self-reinforcing. The article concludes with a vision of how things might work more effectively without requiring unrealistic changes. The authors offer a challenge to planners and joint commissioners to gather different kinds of information on need; to have long-term, as well as short-term, strategies; to think broadly across categories of issue; and to be prepared to invest money in new ways. Most significantly, by redefining the role of the Director of Public Health, we identify a focal point at which the responsibility and authority for coordinating, championing, and review could lie. PMID:10939090

  20. Hedonic price analysis of urban housing:An empirical research on Hangzhou, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEN Hai-zhen; JIA Sheng-hua; GUO Xiao-yu

    2005-01-01

    The hedonic price model is widely applied to study the urban housing market because of the heterogeneity of housing products. Literature indicated that the hedonic price theory mainly includes two parts: Lancaster's partiality theory and Rosen's characteristic market equilibrium analysis. This paper chose 18 characteristics as independent variables and set up a linear hedonic price model for Hangzhou City. The model was tested with 2473 housing samples and field survey data of 290 housing communities. This research found that 14 out of 18 characteristics had significant influence on housing price. They were classified into 5groups according to their impact degree.

  1. From Blowout to Stalemate——China's Housing Market in 2007

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ As 2007 comes to an end, China's housing market is preparing for another controversial year.Increasingly restrictive macro-control policies and growing public concern have pushed China's housing market through the initial rise in price over the last couple years, a price blowout at the middle of this year, and finally the current stalemate between sellers and buyers. The end of 2007 has witnessed falling house prices in major cities,like Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen. It seems that the inflexion of housing prices is right in front of us.Now, let's review some big events from 2007's housing market.

  2. Public Housing, Housing Vouchers and Student Achievement: Evidence from Public Housing Demolitions in Chicago

    OpenAIRE

    Brian A. Jacob

    2003-01-01

    There has been a substantial shift from public housing to voucher-based housing assistance over the past decade, largely in response to the rising cost of public housing and the high rates of crime, unemployment and school failure among public housing residents. Despite this shift, there is relatively little evidence on the impact of public housing or housing vouchers on educational outcomes. This paper utilizes a plausibly exogenous source of variation in housing assistance generated by publ...

  3. Dampak Pembangunan Proyek Perumahan Citraland Bagya City Terhadap Masyarakat Desa Medan Estate Kecamatan Percut Sei Tuan

    OpenAIRE

    Jahidin, Ismail

    2016-01-01

    Housing construction Citraland Bagya City can lead to changes and impacts on people, especially on the surrounding community housing development Citraland Bagya Land, the villagers of Meda Estate districts Percut Sei Tuan, where the people of Medan Estate almost every day doing activities around the area of development and certainly will have a direct impact on the development. The impact of housing development can not only be detrimental to the community around the development of housing, bu...

  4. Financing social housing

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Amann, W.; Hegedüs, J.; Lux, Martin; Springler, E.

    New York/Londýn: Routledge, 2013 - (Hegedüs, J.; Lux, M.; Teller, N.), s. 50-64 ISBN 978-0-415-89014-4 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA403/09/1915 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : Housing finance * transition countries * social housing Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  5. Multiple pump housing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donoho, II, Michael R.; Elliott; Christopher M.

    2010-03-23

    A fluid delivery system includes a first pump having a first drive assembly, a second pump having a second drive assembly, and a pump housing. At least a portion of each of the first and second pumps are located in the housing.

  6. Dream house in Australia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Michael Asgaard

    2004-01-01

    This first book in the Utzon Library, which deals with Utzon's own houses, contains a number of drawings that have not previously been published. This is especially true of the four projects for his house in Bayview, Sydney, which unfortunately never got past the drawing stage, as Utzon had left...

  7. Housing for Graduate Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mielke, Patricia L.; Schuh, John H.

    1995-01-01

    Suggests that housing administrators must develop close cooperation with their institution's graduate school, be sensitive to the needs of international graduate students, and engage in thoughtful deliberation about issues related to domestic partners, health care, spouses, and children. Profiles housing's mission and philosophy, organizational…

  8. Vladimir Pavlov: “Architect is at Fault in the Exchange House Case”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei Katin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Vladimir Pavlov was interviewed by Andrei Katin, correspondent of the “Chance” publishing house, to comment on the town-planning scandal concerning the new Exchange House built on Vasilievsky Island in St Petersburg and the officials’ idea of licensing the architects to permit realization of their projects in the historical city center. Vladimir Pavlov, giving an example of foreign licensing practice, believes that in Russia officials should not be involved in this process. In the case of the new Exchange House the bureaucracy arrogated to themselves the rights provided neither under the Constitution of the RF, nor under our Codes.In this situation Vladimir Pavlov blames the architect, who hides behind the official’s signature. Various dubious instructions and a common practice to cringe before the authorities still, unfortunately, exist.

  9. Situation based housing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duelund Mortensen, Peder; Welling, Helen; Wiell Nordberg, Lene;

    2007-01-01

    variety of approaches to these goals. This working paper reviews not only a selection of new housing types, but also dwellings from the past, which each contain an aspect of changeability. Our study is based on information from users in the selected housing schemes, gathered from questionnaires...... the average family's lifestyle. These dwellings were ground-breaking when they were built, but today are clearly a product of their time. The reaction to functionalism and the postwar mass production gave rise to flexible dwelling with countless possibilities for room division. The housing of this...... period has characteristics which in the long run have proven to be unfortunate both in terms in terms of durability and architectural quality. Today there is a focus on the development of more open and functionally non-determined housing. A number of new housing schemes in and around Copenhagen reveal a...

  10. Nordic Housing Enabler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helle, Tina; Brandt, Åse

    2009-01-01

    Development and reliability testing of the Nordic Housing Enabler – an instrument for accessibility assessment of the physical housing. Tina Helle & Åse Brandt University of Lund, Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine (SE) and University College Northern Jutland, Occupational Therapy department (DK......, however, the built environment shows serious deficits when it comes to accessibility. This study addresses development of a content valid cross-Nordic version of the Housing Enabler and investigation of inter-rater reliability, when used in occupational therapy practice. The instrument was translated from...... the original Swedish version and adapted according to accessibility norms and guidelines for housing design in Sweden, Denmark, Iceland and Finland. This iterative process involved occupational therapists, architects, building engineers and professional translators, resulting in the Nordic Housing...

  11. The Impact of the Crime Rate and Star Schools on House Prices: An Analysis of Spatial Dependence

    OpenAIRE

    Chun-Chang Lee; Wei-Lun Chang; Yun-Ling Wu

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses the relationships among house prices and house characteristics, crime rates, and star schools. The analyzed data were collected from 12 administrative regions in Taipei city. The empirical results show that star schools have a significant positive impact on house prices; violent crime rates have a negative but not significant impact on house prices; and theft-type crime rates have a significant positive impact, contrary to expectations. We infer that the cause for this co...

  12. Assisted Housing - Public Housing Developments - National Geospatial Data Asset (NGDA)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — The general location of an entire Public Housing Development. A distinct address is chosen to represent the general location of an entire Public Housing...

  13. Urbanization, housing and environment: Megacities of Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olusola Oladapo Makinde

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper takes a look at urbanization, housing and environment in Africa megacities; it enumerates the problems caused by the continued influx of migrant into cities, and state the government, private and public organization effort in solving these challenges. It found out that with proper management, the chilling prospect of a serious deterioration in quality of life could be averted. The report noted that continuing migration from rural to urban areas will expand the number of megacities, and it concedes that megacities are often plagued by environmental deterioration, inadequate housing, traffic congestion, social alienation slums, crime and homelessness. Etc. The paper, observed that megacities are important to a country's economic development, and also provide residents with a satisfying quality of life, if properly managed. The report looked for ways of solving the problems to a significant degree and observed that nearly in all cases, the gaps between demand and supply are management related, and recommends ways of improving the quality of citizen life by provision of adequate and quality housing, reduction in land costs, healthy environment, clean water and sanitation services, security within the city, employment opportunity, bolstering urban farming, and improving public transportation and make sure that the megacities are beneficial to the environment as well as to the national economy. The paper admits that the solutions are far from easy. It is difficult to predict what will happen if there are shortfalls in the financing of megacity growth and management.

  14. The Sources of House Price Change: Identifying Liquidity Shocks to the Housing Market

    OpenAIRE

    P.T. de La Paz; M. White

    2013-01-01

    In a previous paper (Taltavull and White, 2012) we analysed the role of money supply, migration and mortgage finance in house price evolution. Using a VECM framework we examined these variables together with income, inflation, and interest rates for both Spain and the UK. This followed on from research by other authors including Muellbauer (2007), Meen and Andrew (2003), and Mishkin (1995). The results indicated an important role for income, mortgages and migration in UK house price movements...

  15. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ciger, Jan

    2006-01-01

    of providing a tangible correspondence between the two spaces. This interaction mean has proved to suit the artistic expression well but it also aims at providing anyone with a pleasant and stimulating feedback from speech activity, a new medium for creativity and a way to visually perceive a vocal...... performance. As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective now is to cross the bridge between art and the potential applications to the rehabilitation of people with reduced mobility or for the treatment of language impairments....

  16. Immigration and urban housing market dynamics : the case of Haifa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Vlist, Arno J.; Czamanski, Daniel; Folmer, Henk

    2011-01-01

    This paper addresses the interplay between demographics and housing market dynamics in Haifa, Israel. In the 1990s the city of Haifa, with a population of approximately 220,000, absorbed about 45,000 immigrants. The case of Haifa offers a typical non-controlled experiment on how demographic shocks a

  17. Housing management and maintenance practise of Dutch housing associations

    OpenAIRE

    Straub, A.

    2004-01-01

    This paper summarises the state-of-the-art in housing management and maintenance practise of Dutch housing associations based on a survey conducted among almost all housing associations. We address the question what the current developments are in housing management and maintenance practice in the Netherlands. In a housing stock policy document a housing association constructs a picture of the composition of the desirable dwelling portfolio and sets up market and complex strategies. 71% of th...

  18. The housing bust and housing affordability in New England

    OpenAIRE

    Robert Clifford

    2010-01-01

    This discussion paper updates the Center's 2006 housing affordability working paper, drawing on housing market data through 2008 to provide an in-depth analysis of housing affordability after the recent housing market bust. The paper looks at affordability in the New England states, their largest metropolitan areas, competitor metropolitan areas, and for the nation. The results show that as New England's housing prices have declined, affordability has been returning to the pre-housing crisis ...

  19. Determination of radon levels in Mexico City; Determinacion de niveles de radon en la Ciudad de Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pena G, P

    1992-01-15

    The study of the determination of radon levels in the houses room in Mexico City is part of the project Emanometry of the radon. To carry out this study, the passive method was used, which consists of: thin film dosemeter of cellulose nitrate, container of the same one and spark accountant. The method is based on the mensurations of exhibition of the number of marks of alpha track is of the open type and it allows to average the radon activity along several weeks and it presents low concentrations. This study was carried out in 4 periods of exhibition of 3 months each one. (Author)

  20. Smart Cities need architects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Architects and urban planners have always been at the forefront of technical and social innovation processes, researching and proposing new urban models and buildings based on cognitive materials from both their own and other fields of knowledge. In fact, current society, including our ways of life and habits, could not be comprehended without the open, curious minds and progressive even defiant attitudes of architects such as Brunelleschi, Violletle- Duc, Perret, Le Corbusier and Fuller, who defied the threshold of conceptual and vital convention and staked everything on exploring and applying the characteristic technological breakthroughs of their day to architecture and the design of cities. (Author)

  1. The City Street

    OpenAIRE

    H.C. van der Wouden

    1999-01-01

    Original title: De stad op straat. The city street; the public space in perspective (De stad op straat; de openbare ruimte in perspectief) by the Netherlands Institute for Social Research/SCP is intended to contribute to the formation of new ideas about the public space and the future of urban societies. It presents a collection of essays on the urban public space from a large number of scientific disciplines. The following authors contributed to the collection: Prof. R.W. Boomkens (cult...

  2. Relations between Housing Characteristics and the Well-Being of Low-Income Children and Adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Coley, Rebekah Levine; Leventhal, Tama; Lynch, Alicia Doyle; Kull, Melissa

    2012-01-01

    Extant research has highlighted the importance of multiple characteristics of housing, but has not comprehensively assessed a broad range of housing characteristics and their relative contributions to children's well-being. Using a representative, longitudinal sample of low-income children and adolescents from low-income urban neighborhoods (N = 2,437, ages 2 through 21 years) from the Three-City Study, this study assessed housing quality, stability, type (i.e., ownership status and subsidy s...

  3. Housing Dependence and Intimate Relationships in the Lives of Low-Income Puerto Rican Mothers*

    OpenAIRE

    Clark, Sherri Lawson; Burton, Linda M.; Flippen, Chenoa A.

    2011-01-01

    Using longitudinal ethnographic data from the Three-City Study, we examined the relationship between sixteen low-income Puerto Rican mothers’ housing dependencies and their intimate partner relations. We traced mothers’ dependent housing arrangements and entrée to marital or cohabiting relationships from their teens through their procurement of independent housing while entering and maintaining intimate partner unions as adults. Findings indicated that various trigger factors led women out of...

  4. Understanding Racial Segregation: What is known about the Effect of Housing Discrimination

    OpenAIRE

    Stephen L. Ross

    2008-01-01

    A central purpose of this chapter is to assess whether the available empirical evidence supports the view that current levels of housing discrimination are a significant contributor to residential segregation in U.S. cities and metropolitan areas. Through the course of this chapter, the reader will find that the empirical patterns of racial segregation in the U.S. are often inconsistent the available evidence on housing discrimination. Admittedly, strong evidence exists that both housing disc...

  5. American Housing Survey (AHS) 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — The AHS is the largest, regular national housing sample survey in the United States. The U.S. Census Bureau conducts the AHS to obtain up-to-date housing statistics...

  6. The Housing Bubble Fact Sheet

    OpenAIRE

    Dean Baker

    2005-01-01

    This paper explains the basic facts about the current housing market. It lays out the evidence that the rise in housing prices constitutes a housing bubble - and explains what can be expected when it inevitably collapses.

  7. Housing Affordability Data System (HADS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — The Housing Affordability Data System (HADS) is a set of files derived from the 1985 and later national American Housing Survey (AHS) and the 2002 and later Metro...

  8. Smart Cities and the Ageing Population

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skouby, Knud Erik; Kivimäki, Anri; Haukiputo, Lotta;

    for the elderly. Smart cities need to address elderly people needs across such as housing, social participations health care, and community support services, leisure, and culture, in order to make smart city environment more elderly friendly. ICT will enable this integration into the home and urban environment...... not only far-reaching economic adjustments to health budgets but also the implementation of smart ICT solutions in order to achieve better and more efficient health care and social services. ICT can improve the quality of life, provide personalized solutions, reduce high costs of health and care services...... and support social interaction with friends, families, health and social supports and neighbourhoods. ICT solution implemented in the cities can help overcome mobility, visual, and cognitive problems. Smart cities need the latest information and communication technology (ICT) and its services to create...

  9. Documentation and Cultural Heritage Inventories - Case of the Historic City of Ahmadabad

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, K.

    2015-08-01

    Located in the western Indian state of Gujarat, the historic city of Ahmadabad is renowned for the unparalleled richness of its monumental architecture, traditional house form, community based settlement patterns, city structure, crafts and mercantile culture. This paper describes the process followed for documentation and development of comprehensive Heritage Inventories for the historic city with an aim of illustrating the Outstanding Universal Values of its Architectural and Urban Heritage. The exercise undertaken between 2011 & 2014 as part of the preparation of world heritage nomination dossier included thorough archival research, field surveys, mapping and preparation of inventories using a combination of traditional data procurement and presentation tools as well as creation of advanced digital database using GIS. The major challenges encountered were: need to adapt documentation methodology and survey formats to field conditions, changing and ever widening scope of work, corresponding changes in time frame, management of large quantities of data generated during the process along with difficulties in correlating existing databases procured from the local authority in varying formats. While the end result satisfied the primary aim, the full potential of Heritage Inventory as a protection and management tool will only be realised after its acceptance as the statutory list and its integration within the larger urban development plan to guide conservation, development and management strategy for the city. The rather detailed description of evolution of documentation process and the complexities involved is presented to understand the relevance of methods used in Ahmadabad and guide similar future efforts in the field.

  10. Housing in the U.S.: Notes of a Researcher.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oakes, Elizabeth

    1979-01-01

    Analyzes housing in the United States in the context of (1) the quest for profit under capitalism, and (2) the attendant need for social control of the labor force both at the work place and at home. Holds that the nation's general economic state is evident in the problems of urban housing. (Author/WP)

  11. Public Housing: A Tailored Approach to Energy Retrofits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dentz, J. [Advanced Residential Integrated Energy Solutions Collaborative (ARIES), New York, NY (United States); Conlin, F. [Advanced Residential Integrated Energy Solutions Collaborative (ARIES), New York, NY (United States); Podorson, D. [Advanced Residential Integrated Energy Solutions Collaborative (ARIES), New York, NY (United States); Alaigh, K. [Advanced Residential Integrated Energy Solutions Collaborative (ARIES), New York, NY (United States); Davis, T. [Advanced Residential Integrated Energy Solutions Collaborative (ARIES), New York, NY (United States)

    2016-02-23

    The Building America research team Advanced Residential Integrated Energy Solutions Collaborative (ARIES) worked with four public housing authorities (PHAs) to develop packages of energy-efficiency retrofit measures that the PHAs can cost-effectively implement with their own staffs during the normal course of housing operations when units are refurbished between occupancies.

  12. Branding Cities, Changing Societies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ooi, Can-Seng

    Societal changes are seldom discussed in the literature on city branding. The time element is important because it highlights the fluctuating reality of society. The city brand message freezes the place but in fact, the city branding exercise is a continuous process. Society emerges too. City...... brands are supposed to accentuate the uniqueness of the city, be built from the bottom-up and reflect the city's identity. This paper highlights three paradoxes, pointing out that city branding processes can also make cities more alike, bring about societal changes and forge new city identities. A city...... branding campaign does not just present the city, it may change the city. The relationships between the branding exercise and the city are intertwined in the evolution of the place....

  13. The House That Morgan Built

    OpenAIRE

    Trautmann, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    L.H. Morgan’s kinship work began and ended with the Iroquois longhouse, and the Iroquois kinship system that it shaped and by which it was shaped.  Kinship became a house for anthropology, shaping and being shaped by the emerging discipline.  Much of the house that Morgan built for anthropology still stands, including the last book, on houses and house-life, which seems to anticipate the current literature on houses and house-societies.

  14. Housing commissioning in the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    S. Maussen; Smits, M.

    2011-01-01

    Property developers in the Netherlands are responsible for 83% of de housing production in the profit and non-profit sector. At this moment the housing shortage is neutralized but there is still a quality mismatch between demand and supply on the Dutch housing market. In recent years, a new organizer of housing projects is becoming more popular within the development sector, the end users of the houses themselves. The Dutch government has taken initiative to expand housing production commissi...

  15. Learning Cities as Healthy Green Cities: Building Sustainable Opportunity Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearns, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses a new generation of learning cities we have called EcCoWell cities (Economy, Community, Well-being). The paper was prepared for the PASCAL International Exchanges (PIE) and is based on international experiences with PIE and developments in some cities. The paper argues for more holistic and integrated development so that…

  16. Residential Segregation in Southern Cities: 1970

    Science.gov (United States)

    And Others; Roof, Wade Clark

    1976-01-01

    Based on an analysis of the age, size, percent black, and occupational income differential in 32 southern cities, the findings show that age is still the strongest predictor of residential segregation. (Author)

  17. Wood is burning in capital city area's fireplaces as well

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The firewood market situation in the capital city area was examined by a mail questionnaire in the spring of 1997. The questionnaire form was distributed to 800 single-family houses in Espoo, Helsinki and Vantaa. The responses to the questionnaire numbered 297 (37 %). Wood was found to be the main source of heat energy in the households of 2 % of the respondents and as an alternative source of heat energy in 58 % of the households. The most common fireplace in the respondents' homes was a wood-fired sauna stove. Heat-accumulating fireplaces were in the second place and open fireplaces in the third place. The installation of heat-accumulating fireplaces has become more popular while wood-fired sauna stoves and open fireplaces have lost some of their popularity during the past few years. Thirteen percent of the owners responding to the questionnaire intend to install new fireplaces. Half of the respondents were of the opinion that there is nothing to restrict the use of their fireplaces. Those who felt that there were restrictions stated that the high cost of firewood was the most significant restricting factor. Other restricting factors were the difficulty of getting firewood and the shortcomings of wood storage facilities. The storage problem can be dealt with by, for example, resorting to joint purchases, in which case the batch of wood for one house can be smaller in size. One quarter of the interviewers showed interest in concerted purchasing and deliveries of wood. An average of 3.6 m3 of wood was used in the single-family houses in the capital city area in 1996. This wood was obtained either by purchasing it, from one's own forest/block of land or by some other independent means (not by purchasing). These three forms of acquiring wood were almost equally important. Typically, firewood was bought the form of logging residues. The greatest demand is for bulk batches of chopped firewood. When firewood is purchased, the customer typically prefers to have it

  18. Governing from Above : Solid Waste Management in Nigeria's New Capital City of Abuja

    OpenAIRE

    Adama, Onyanta

    2007-01-01

    This doctoral dissertation examines how the symbolic character of a relocated capital city influences and intersects with local conditions to shape the governance structure and relations in service delivery. The focus is on Abuja, the new capital city of Nigeria, and the sector studied is solid waste management. Abuja was planned to avoid the numerous problems facing other Nigerian cities. Contrary to the intention of government and planners, the city now houses the fastest growing slum in th...

  19. Sustainable Housing Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauring, Gert Michael

    2016-01-01

    When designing sustainable housing, energy optimization and subsequently satisfactory indoor climates are central issues that need to be incorporated from early design phases if to reach a coherent design. At the same time it might be argued that energy used for running modern buildings only plays...... live in detached houses typically situated in less dense suburbia neighborhood to achieve safety and green space for kids to play and socialize. Thus, if one wants to realistically solve the issue of sustainable housing design one must address the intertwined aspects of building construction, urban...

  20. Arborização de vias públicas: posição dos moradores de três loteamentos na cidade de Santa Maria (RS / Tree planting in streets: the position of residents at three housing developments in Santa Maria city (RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Italo Filippi Teixeira

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available ResumoA arborização das onze vias que compõem os loteamentos Parque Residencial Fiori D’Itália, Parque Universitário e Parque Monte Carlo, no bairro Camobi, na cidade de Santa Maria-RS foi avaliada por meio de um censo das espécies existentes e de uma pesquisa de opinião pública aplicada nas 93 residências cujo objetivo era identificar a relação e o comprometimento dos mesmos com a vegetação existente. Os resultados demonstraram que a escolha das espécies, plantio e manejo, cabe aos moradores, os quais apontam esta responsabilidade como inerente ao proprietário, isentando o poder público de tal compromisso.AbstractThe planting of tress alongside the eleven streets that compose the housing developments at the “Parque Residencial Fiori D’Itália”, “Parque Universitário” and “Parque Monte Carlo”, in the district of Camobi, in the city of Santa Maria – RS, was appraised by means of a census of the existing species and a survey of public opinion collected at 93 homes, with the objective of identifying the relationship and the commitment of the residents with the existing trees. The results have indicated that the selection of the species, planting and handling are taken over by the inhabitants, who view this responsibility as inherent to owners and exempt the public administration from such tasks.

  1. 77 FR 17086 - Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers: Revised Implementation of the HUD-VA Supportive Housing Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-23

    ... 6, 2008 (73 FR 25026). The appropriations acts funding the HUD-VASH program authorize the HUD... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers: Revised Implementation of the HUD-VA...

  2. Existing Whole-House Solutions Case Study: Evaluating Energy Savings in All-Electric Public Housing in the Pacific Northwest

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2014-03-01

    This project analyzes the cost effectiveness of energy-saving measures installed by a large public housing authority in Salishan, and evaluates those solutions to improve efficiency of affordable housing for new and existing homes. Research focuses on the modeled and measured energy usage of the first six phases of construction, and compares the energy usage of those phases to phase 7.

  3. Housing Stakeholder Preferences for the “Soft” Features of Sustainable and Healthy Housing Design in the UK

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prochorskaite, Agne; Couch, Chris; Malys, Naglis; Maliene, Vida

    2016-01-01

    It is widely recognised that the quantity and sustainability of new homes in the UK need to increase. However, it is important that sustainable housing is regarded holistically, and not merely in environmental terms, and incorporates elements that enhance the quality of life, health and well-being of its users. This paper focuses on the “soft” features of sustainable housing, that is, the non-technological components of sustainable housing and neighbourhood design that can impact occupants’ health and well-being. Aims of the study are to ascertain the relative level of importance that key housing stakeholders attach to these features and to investigate whether the opinions of housing users and housing providers are aligned with regards to their importance. An online survey was carried out to gauge the level of importance that the key stakeholders, such as housing users, local authorities, housing associations, and developers (n = 235), attach to these features. Results revealed that while suitable indoor space was the feature regarded as most important by all stakeholders, there were also a number of disparities in opinion between housing users and housing providers (and among the different types of providers). This implies a scope for initiatives to achieve a better alignment between housing users and providers. PMID:26751465

  4. Spatial and temporal variations in residential housing prices in Beijing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yan; Lv, Meng; Yin, Zhongdong

    2009-10-01

    During the past 10 years, the real estate industry in Beijing has been manifesting a strongly growing trend. Researching on the distribution of house prices and their tendencies is helpful to grasp and predict the development of the real estate industry and could be used as reference to city planning. 120 records of housing price data in 2005 to 2006 and open prices in 38 developing projects from the first quarter of 2002 to the second quarter of 2008 were used in this study to analyze the spatial and temporal variations of house price with geostatistical methods and nonlinear regression. Results show that there was a very strong autocorrelation among the house prices in Beijing within the range of about 11 km in 2005 to 2006, which can be well fitted with the spherical model. The isogram of the house prices formed a group of homocentric ellipses, with their long axis extending NW-SE, and the house prices decreased from the center to the periphery. The spatial pattern of house prices in Beijing changed obviously from 2003 to 2006. Although both the spatial patterns for the two periods were homocentric ellipses, the shapes of the ellipses and the directions of the axes changed greatly. And there were more imbalances in 2005 to 2006. The house prices in the Huilongguan-Qinghe residential zone, an example of the typical real estate industry in Beijing, kept growing from 2002 to 2008 and could be fitted with exponential growth model.

  5. Sukias House and its wall paintings: Reflection of English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samanian, Kouros

    Sukias House is one of the Armenian noble houses located in New Julfa Neighbourhood in Isfahan city in Iran and belongs to the Safavid period (1501-1736 AD). European itineraries who visited Isfahan in 16th and 17th centuries, existed literatures and conservation reports on the Armenian buildings in New Julfa particularly on Sukias house in conjunction with condition survey and in situ examination of the paintings were the main tools to study the Sukias House and its paintings. This indicates a strong connection of the house to Armenian and English people at the time of the paintings and support idea of the involvement of the British ambassador and his Armenian translator in building of Sukias House. The existence of English and Armenian inscriptions indicates a strong connection between Armenian and English people in decorating of the house using wall painting. In addition, the depicting of Queen Elizabeth in a tableau on the external walls increases the likelihood of this house having belonged to the English ambassador in Isfahan during the Safavid period. Alternatively, it may be that English people working in Isfahan for the East India Company lived there.

  6. The right to housing in Kuwait: an urban injustice in a socially just system

    OpenAIRE

    AlShalfan, Sharifa

    2013-01-01

    This work examines the extent to which land-use policies and social housing laws have contributed to the demise of the urbanisation process of a city. It is set in the context of Kuwait – a city-state that has undergone a short but rapid urbanisation history that only started in the 1950’s after the discovery of oil. It traces the methods of housing welfare distribution and questions their role in promoting justice in an environment of increasing housing application backlog, endless sprawl an...

  7. In-house (disability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safak Pavey

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available In May 2007 UNHCR established an internal working group to look at developing in-house policies for people with disabilities both for the benefit of people of concern to us and for staff members.

  8. Legislative Districts - House Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This layer represents the Arkansas State House of Representatives district boundaries adopted by the Arkansas Board of Apportionment on July 29, 2011. The Board of...

  9. Creating housing opportunities

    OpenAIRE

    Josephine McNeil

    2007-01-01

    Helping families of low and moderate means find opportunities in high-cost areas requires special tactics. Citizens for Affordable Housing in Newton Development Organization (CAN-DO) shows it can be done.

  10. Rental Housing Finance Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — The purpose of the RHFS is to provide current and continuous measure of the financial health and property characteristics of single-family and multifamily rental...

  11. The Shanghai Alleyway House: A Threatened Typology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregory Bracken

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The Shanghai alleyway house was a rich and vibrant generator of street life. Unique to Shanghai, it occupied the ambiguous space between the traditional Chinese courtyard home and the street. The system of ‘graduated privacy’ within its alleyways ensured a safe and neighbourly place to live. Due to rapid redevelopment in recent decades this once ubiquitous typology is under threat. This paper takes a look at the history of the typology as well as at three recent redevelopments of it in the city: Xintiandi, Jian Ye Li, and Tianzifang, to question what future there can be for a typology that seems to have outlived its usefulness.

  12. Subsurface information for risk-sensitive urban spatial planning in Dhaka Metropolitan City, Bangladesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Günther, Andreas; Aziz Patwary, Mohammad Abdul; Bahls, Rebecca; Asaduzzaman, Atm; Ludwig, Rüdiger; Ashraful Kamal, Mohammad; Nahar Faruqa, Nurun; Jabeen, Sarwat

    2016-04-01

    Dhaka Metropolitan City (including Dhaka and five adjacent municipal areas) is one of the fastest developing urban regions in the world. Densely build-up areas in the developed metropolitan area of Dhaka City are subject to extensive restructuring as common six- or lower storied buildings are replaced by higher and heavier constructions. Additional stories are built on existing houses, frequently exceeding the allowable bearing pressure on the subsoil as supported by the foundations. In turn, newly developing city areas are projected in marshy terrains modified by extensive, largely unengineered landfills. In most areas, these terrains bear unfavorable building ground conditions within 30 meters. Within a collaborative technical cooperation project between Bangladesh and Germany, BGR supports GSB in the provision of geo-information for the Capital Development Authority (RAJUK). For general urban planning, RAJUK successively develops a detailed area plan (DAP) at scale 1 : 50000 for the whole Dhaka Metropolitan City area (approx. 1700 km2). Geo-information have not been considered in the present DAP. Within the project, geospatial information in form of a geomorphic map, a digital terrain model and a 3-D subsurface model covering the whole city area have been generated at a scale of 1 : 50000. An extensive engineering geological data base consisting of more than 2200 borehole data with associated Standard Penetration Testing (SPT) and lab data has been compiled. With the field testing (SPT) and engineering geological lab data, the 3-D subsurface model can be parameterized to derive important spatial subsurface information for urban planning like bearing capacity evaluations for different foundation designs or soil liquefaction potential assessments for specific earthquake scenarios. In conjunction with inundation potential evaluations for different flooding scenarios, comprehensive building ground suitability information can be derived to support risk

  13. Military housing foam application and analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Torres, J. J.

    2012-03-01

    Sandia and Forest City have established a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA), the partnership provides a unique opportunity to take technology research and development from demonstration to application in sustainable communities. This project consists of two activities conducted in Hawaii that focus on performance, integration and application of energy saving technologies. Hawaii has many energy challenges, making this location an excellent testbed for these activities. Under this project, spray foam technology was applied at military housing on Oahu and the consumption data collected. A cost benefit and operational analysis of the foam was completed. The second phase of this project included design, integration, and analysis of photovoltaic systems at a military community on Oahu. This phase of the project was conducted as part of Forest City's second Solar America Showcase Award.

  14. Housing Characteristics, 1990

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report on energy consumption in the residential sector covers the following topics: housing trends 1980--1990, new housing trends, availability and usage of natural gas by households, changes in appliance usage (refrigerators, entertainment appliances, cooking appliances, convenience appliances), age of major household appliances and equipment, household energy conservation activities, demand-side management programs, and a portrait of households using solar or wood as a source of energy

  15. Concord Housing Blocks

    OpenAIRE

    Kumaraswamy, Mohan

    2002-01-01

    One element of the CIVCAL project Web-based resources containing images, tables, texts and associated data on the construction of Concord type Housing Blocks. A high rise public housing project using prefabriction and advanced formwork systems. Both Harmony and Concord Blocks are designed on the basis of standard modular flats which permit the use of factory produced components and a construction sequence which makes extensive use of advanced formwork systems.

  16. Betting the House

    OpenAIRE

    Jordà, Òscar; Schularick, Moritz; Taylor, Alan M.

    2014-01-01

    Is there a link between loose monetary conditions, credit growth, house price booms, and financial instability? This paper analyzes the role of interest rates and credit in driving house price booms and busts with data spanning 140 years of modern economic history in the advanced economies. We exploit the implications of the macroeconomic policy trilemma to identify exogenous variation in monetary conditions: countries with fixed exchange regimes often see fluctuations in short-term interest ...

  17. PFASs in house dust

    OpenAIRE

    Nizzetto, Pernilla Bohlin; Hanssen, Linda; Herzke, Dorte

    2016-01-01

    NILU has, on behalf of the Norwegian Environment Agency, performed sampling and analysis of house dust from Norwegian households. The goal was to study concentration ranges, and variability between- and within-houses of anionic and volatile per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances (PFASs), including the regulated PFOA, as well as for total extractable organic fluorine (TEOF). The sampling was done in six separate rooms in six different households. The analysis covered a suite of 20 targeted ...

  18. Pittsburgh City Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Pittsburgh City FacilitiesIncludes: City Administrative Buildings, Police Stations, Fire Stations, EMS Stations, DPW Sites, Senior Centers, Recreation Centers,...

  19. The Modern Programme and the Linear City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hauberg, Jørgen

    2011-01-01

    also an unfinished and dynamic project. Modernism is history – and present. We have not yet seen modernism's successor, but note that the question of sustainability contains the potential for the next paradigm shift, the next architectural revolution – with modernism and the modern programme as a good...... foundation to move on from. The idea of the Linear city arose in the 1950's under the auspices of ASCORAL, as a radical innovation and an answer to the housing, urbanisation and regional question as well as a proposal for future transport and localisation. The design of a new city type is what Le Corbusier...

  20. On the effectiveness of the sale contract for rural housing%探析农村房屋买卖合同效力问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李健英

    2013-01-01

    With the development of urbanization and market economy, the sale of rural housing has become more common phenomenon. The sale of housing is extremely common civil behavior, city housing sales only parties signed the contract, then the housing to the location of housing management authority and the land management authority for the registration of transfer of ownership and right to use the land registration change. But because the law for the sale of rural housing program and the effect of the relevant provisions are vague, making the sale of rural housing is a difficult problem in judicial practice. In the investigation of a large number of rural housing sale case, the author thinks that maintain the legitimate rights and interests of the parties and the judicial fairness is the key to solve the rural housing sale contract validity.%  随着城镇化和市场经济的发展,农村房屋买卖愈来愈成为普遍现象。房屋买卖本来是极其普通的民事行为,城市房屋买卖只需要双方当事人自愿签订合同,然后到房屋所在地房屋管理机关及土地管理部门办理所有权转移登记和土地使用权变更登记手续。但是由于法律对于农村房屋买卖的程序和效力等相关规定比较模糊,使得农村房屋买卖成为司法实践的难题。在调查研究了大量农村房屋买卖的案例,笔者认为维护当事人合法权益和司法公平公正的关键就是解决农村房屋买卖合同效力问题。

  1. Workforce mobility: Contributing towards smart city

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nor, N. M.; Wahap, N. A.

    2014-02-01

    Smart cities gained importance as a means of making ICT enabled services and applications available to the citizens, companies and authorities that form part of a city's system. It aims at increasing citizen's quality of life, and improving the efficiency and quality of the services provided by governing entities and businesses. This perspective requires an integrated vision of a city and of its infrastructures in all components. One of the characteristics of a smart city is mobility. The concept of mobility, especially for the workforce, is studied through a research carried out on a daily work undertaken as a prototype in the administrative town of Putrajaya, Malaysia. Utilizing the location track from GNSS integrated with mobile devices platform, information on movement and mobility was analysed for quality and efficiency of services rendered. This paper will highlight the research and outcomes that were successfully carried out and will suggest that workforce mobility management can benefit the authorities towards implementing a smart city concept.

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages - City Limit (polygon)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Data available online through GeoStor at http://www.geostor.arkansas.gov. Arkansas Cities: This data set contains all of the city limit boundaries within the state...

  3. 24 CFR 50.4 - Related Federal laws and authorities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... CFR parts 6, 51, and 93.) (i) Solid waste management. (1) The Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended by... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Related Federal laws and authorities. 50.4 Section 50.4 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of...

  4. 75 FR 735 - Original Classification Authority

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-05

    .... (Presidential Sig.) THE WHITE HOUSE, December 29, 2009. [FR Doc. E9-31425 Filed 1-4-10; 11:15 am] Billing code... Documents#0;#0; ] Order of December 29, 2009 Original Classification Authority Pursuant to the provisions of... Drug Control Policy The Director, Office of Science and Technology Policy The Chair or...

  5. Public Housing: Examining the Impact of Banishment and Community Policing

    OpenAIRE

    Torres, Jose Alexis

    2016-01-01

    Public housing authorities (PHAs) have enforced banishment since the late 1980s by granting police the authority to ban non-residents from public housing neighborhoods and arresting them for trespassing upon violating the ban. PHAs justify banishment by stating that issuing bans and arrests for trespassing aid in crime prevention by removing non-residents who may commit criminal acts if left unguarded. Nonetheless, there has been no scientific evidence to suggest that banishment works to redu...

  6. Housing market volatility in the OECD area

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engsted, Tom; Pedersen, Thomas Quistgaard

    2014-01-01

    Vector-autoregressive models are used to decompose housing returns in 18 OECD countries into cash flow (rent) news and discount rate (return) news over the period 1970-2011. For the jajority of countries news about future returns is the main driver, and both real interest rates and risk-premia pl...... and transations costs as well as changes in monetary policy over this period. Among other things, our results shed new light on wheather excessively low interest rates by the monetary authorities was a major cause for the housing boom up to 2006....

  7. Sister Cities Flourish

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Building sister city relation,also known as friendsh ip city,is a common channel for cities in different countries to keep a closer tie and communication.According to the statistics from China International Friendship Cities Association,up to the end of 2007,1087 provinces and states and 314 cities from 120 countries in the world have found their sister cities in China.Among them,Japan has the largest amount of Chinese sister cities,that is 200 provinces and 33 cities,and takes up almost 17 percent of the total number.

  8. Influence of Lifestyle on Housing Preferences of Multifamily Housing Residents

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Hyun-Jeong

    2005-01-01

    Lifestyle is a popular concept used to understand consumers' behaviors; however, the lifestyle concept rarely has been applied to housing studies. Although renting a multifamily dwelling is a non-normative housing choice in the United States, many people prefer to rent multifamily housing units for reasons other than financial. The purpose of this study is to identify the housing preferences of multifamily housing residents as determined by their lifestyles. The model of influences on ho...

  9. Housing accessibility and housing policy in Ljubljana: A comparative perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Srna Mandič

    2007-01-01

    The focus of the article is on access to housing and the conceptual basis for its analysis and understanding in contemporary Slovenian society. First the housing outcomes of the process of “transition” are highlighted, still causing unfavourable conditions in the system of housing provision. This is followed by an overview of the discussion of housing deprivation, vulnerability and homelessness in the context of contemporary EU policy making. Finally the issue of housing deprivation is discus...

  10. HOUSING AND HOUSING FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS IN THE CONTEXT OF ETHIOPIANS

    OpenAIRE

    Dr M Moses Antony Rajendran

    2013-01-01

    Housing is an essential human need. The need for housing will therefore exist, as long as human beings exist in the world. It is in this contest that house financing plays a key role in providing the necessary financial assistance for construction, extension and modification of housing. Provision of basic housing facility has been one of the priorities of developing countries. International financing agencies such as the World Bank is providing all the facilities and assistance to the country...

  11. City positioning theories and city core competencies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xinquan; Zhu

    2007-01-01

    Gity positioning The Chinese city in a decision develops the topic of the destiny. Since the 90's of 20 centuries, the economic integral and globalization developed rapidly. The development make national boundary become not so important, the function of the city is increasingly outstanding. In other words, national competition ability is morally now on the city competition ability. At the same time, this development result that the industry is divided internationally and is divided in cities. Therefore, under the condition of globalization, if the city wants the superior development, it must take advantages and avoid shortage, to position the city accurately, establish the competition and development the strategy. The city positioning is clearly defined the city competition ability, more important it indicated the direction of the city development. Trough the analysis of the resource and environment of the city, decide an accurate position of the best function of the city, well configure the inner and outside resource, catch the opportunities,face the challenges, maximized the market share in order to maximized the wealth and city competition ability.

  12. Imagining and Remembering City: Memory, Space and Symbolism of Belgrade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ljiljana Rogač Mijatović

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In contemporary “runaway world”, cities are becoming the main reference point of social life, change and development. The author discusses the complex process of articulating city identity and memory, as well as the meanings that arise in the interaction of memory, space and symbols of the city, within urban symbolism and cultural memory approach. What are the strategies of activating the cultural memory through multiple symbol bearers of the city, both tangible and intangible? The case study of the city of Belgrade indicates how the narratives related to memory and symbol bearers can be used in fostering culturally sustainable development of the city.

  13. City of Huntsville Public Housing Areas STEM Initiative Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colon, Tomeka; Smith, Cydale; Pugh, Marcus; Budak, Satilmis; Muntele, Claudiu

    2012-02-01

    Students in high-poverty and high-minority schools are entering the classroom without the knowledge and skills they need to succeed. In order to bridge the gaps in opportunity and achievement that separate low-income students and students of color from other young Americans, we have introduced elementary and middle school students to the basic concepts of biology, chemistry, physics, and engineering. Within the project, we have provided students with excellent learning opportunities, engaging hands-on experiences, and outstanding advising and mentoring. We have assessed student development and impact before, during, and after the program.

  14. From ecological houses to sustainable cities:Architectural minds

    OpenAIRE

    Lauring, Michael

    2010-01-01

      Decades of Danish architects are educated in the Beaux-arts tradition putting art and aesthetics above techniques and hard knowledge. This has influenced the development of environmental and sustainable architecture, of which the article gives a brief survey covering the period from the first oil crisis in 1973 to present day also seen in relation to resource, political and cultural preconditions. The article shows, how sustainability forces architects to reintegrate techniques and urban as...

  15. Vivienda privada de ciudad/Private Housing in the City

    OpenAIRE

    Alfredo Rodríguez; Ana Sugranyes

    2011-01-01

    En Chile, en un período de unos veintiséis años (1980 a 2006) se construyeron más de quinientas mil viviendas sociales. Esta producción masiva, que redujo el déficit habitacional acumulado, fue el producto de un mecanismo de financiamiento público, el "subsidio habitacional", que ha tenido amplia difusión en otros países de América Latina.En este artículo se responde a la pregunta de cómo una política exitosa llegó a ser un fracaso en términos habitacionales y urbanos. Se señala que, después ...

  16. Passive House Solutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strom, I.; Joosten, L.; Boonstra, C. [DHV Sustainability Consultants, Eindhoiven (Netherlands)

    2006-05-15

    PEP stands for 'Promotion of European Passive Houses' and is a consortium of European partners, supported by the European Commission, Directorate General for Energy and Transport. In this working paper an overview is given of Passive House solutions. An inventory has been made of Passive House solutions for new build residences applied in each country. Based on this, the most common basic solutions have been identified and described in further detail, including the extent to which solutions are applied in common and best practice and expected barriers for the implementation in each country. An inventory per country is included in the appendix. The analysis of Passive House solutions in partner countries shows high priority with regard to the performance of the thermal envelope, such as high insulation of walls, roofs, floors and windows/ doors, thermal bridge-free construction and air tightness. Due to the required air tightness, special attention must be paid to indoor air quality through proper ventilation. Finally, efficient ((semi-)solar) heating systems for combined space and DHW heating still require a significant amount of attention in most partner countries. Other basic Passive House solutions show a smaller discrepancy with common practice and fewer barriers have been encountered in partner countries. In the next section, the general barriers in partner countries have been inventoried. For each type of barrier a suggested approach has been given. Most frequently encountered barriers in partner countries are: limited know-how; limited contractor skills; and acceptation of Passive Houses in the market. Based on the suggested approaches to overcoming barriers, this means that a great deal of attention must be paid to providing practical information and solutions to building professionals, providing practical training to installers and contractors and communication about the Passive House concept to the market.

  17. Social Housing Provision in Copenhagen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tsenkova, Sasha; Vestergaard, Hedvig

    The paper provides an overview of trends and processes of change affecting new social housing provision in Denmark with a focus on Copenhagen. The local responses are reviewed within the context of changes to the unitary national housing system that functions with a robust range of private and non...... outcomes are evaluated through a series of indicators related to housing quality; stability of investment and production; differentiation of rents; affordability and choice. The research also identifies development strategies for new social housing provision developed by housing associations in the context......-profit housing providers, and a wide range of fiscal and regulatory instruments enhancing the competitive performance of the social housing sector. The research analyses recent housing policy measures and their impact on new social housing provision in Copenhagen. The emphasis is on the mix of housing policy...

  18. Inventorying Toronto's single detached housing stocks to examine the availability of clay brick for urban mining.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ergun, Deniz; Gorgolewski, Mark

    2015-11-01

    This study examines the stocks of clay brick in Toronto's single detached housing, to provide parameters for city scale material reuse and recycling. Based on consensus from the literature and statistics on Toronto's single detached housing stocks, city scale reusable and recyclable stocks were estimated to provide an understanding of what volume could be saved from landfill and reintroduced into the urban fabric. On average 2523-4542 m(3) of brick was determined to be available annually for reuse, which would account for 20-36% of the volume of virgin brick consumed in new house construction in 2012. A higher volume, 6187 m(3) of brick, was determined to be available annually for recycling because more of the prevalence of cement-based mortar, which creates challenges for brick reuse in Toronto. The results demonstrated that older housing containing reusable brick were being mostly landfilled and replaced with housing that contained only recyclable brick. PMID:25912626

  19. HOUSING QUALITY IN SUBURBAN AREAS (An Empirical Study of Oba-Ile, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OLOTUAH OLOTUAH

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the housing quality in a city suburb, Oba-lle, which is a few kilometers from Akure, the capital city of Ondo State Nigeria. It reports finding from a research on housing studies in the study area. A linear model was developed through multiple regression analysis for the prediction of housing quality of the buildings therein. Three independent variables were found to be predictors of the dependent or criterion variable; these were Use of Toilet, Age of Buildings, and Frequency of Collection of Refuse. The regression coefficients of the predictor variables described the values by which the dependent variable (Housing quality would change as a result of a unit change in any of the predictor variables. The model is thus pivotal in determining strategies for the improvement of housing quality in the study area.

  20. Housing and Education Partnerships: A Case Study of New Haven, Connecticut

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leopold, Josh; Simington, Jasmine

    2015-01-01

    The housing and education sectors are being asked to do more with fewer resources. School districts often struggle to meet the needs of low-income students who deal with challenges outside of school and to connect them to resources that can strengthen their academic competencies. Public housing authorities and other assisted-housing providers…

  1. 24 CFR 203.437 - Mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES SINGLE FAMILY MORTGAGE INSURANCE Contract Rights... right of permanent possession of the dwelling unit. (e) In lieu of the types of title evidence...

  2. Levels of radon gas concentration and progeny in homes of Potosi City, Bolivia to 4000 m

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: In this work the presence of radon gas was determined, which is a radioactive contaminant that comes from underground, able to penetrate the houses. The danger is that when mixed air and when inhaled can cause serious damage to the lungs, for the short life time that has radon and progeny for decay, damaging the pulmonary alveoli and reducing breathing capacity of the habitants, then causing polycythemia in some cases. The study was carried out in homes in the city of Potosi, Bolivia located at 4000 m. The quantification of radon gas and progeny was performed with the equipment Alpha-Zaeller-2 (Az-2), quantification was realized in 6 zones of the city of Potosi, chosen randomly. In each zone were carried out measurements in 40 homes (2 rooms more permanent), both day and night, for a period of 3 days in two different seasons and with concentrations of average humidity of 20, 50 and 80%. The values obtained for each period vary depending on the season and 30 to 50% of the allowable values given by the EPA and Who for housing. (Author)

  3. Domotics Project Housing Block

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Morón

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This document develops the study of an implementation project of a home automation system in a housing placed in the town of Galapagar, Madrid. This house, which is going to be occupied by a four-member family, consists of 67 constructed square meters distributed in lounge, kitchen, three bedrooms, bath, bathroom and terrace, this being a common arrangement in Spain. Thus, this study will allow extracting conclusions about the adequacy of the home automation in a wide percentage of housing in Spain. In this document, three house automation proposals are developed based on the requirements of the client and the different home automation levels that the Spanish House and Building Automation Association has established, besides two parallel proposals relating to the safety and the technical alarms. The mentioned proposed systems are described by means of product datasheets and descriptions, distribution plans, measurements, budgets and flow charts that describe the functioning of the system in every case. An evaluation of each system is included, based on other studies conclusions on this matter, where expected energy savings from each design, depending on the current cost of lighting, water and gas, as well as the expected economic amortization period is evaluated.

  4. Domotics Project Housing Block.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morón, Carlos; Payán, Alejandro; García, Alfonso; Bosquet, Francisco

    2016-01-01

    This document develops the study of an implementation project of a home automation system in a housing placed in the town of Galapagar, Madrid. This house, which is going to be occupied by a four-member family, consists of 67 constructed square meters distributed in lounge, kitchen, three bedrooms, bath, bathroom and terrace, this being a common arrangement in Spain. Thus, this study will allow extracting conclusions about the adequacy of the home automation in a wide percentage of housing in Spain. In this document, three house automation proposals are developed based on the requirements of the client and the different home automation levels that the Spanish House and Building Automation Association has established, besides two parallel proposals relating to the safety and the technical alarms. The mentioned proposed systems are described by means of product datasheets and descriptions, distribution plans, measurements, budgets and flow charts that describe the functioning of the system in every case. An evaluation of each system is included, based on other studies conclusions on this matter, where expected energy savings from each design, depending on the current cost of lighting, water and gas, as well as the expected economic amortization period is evaluated. PMID:27223285

  5. New houses with high radiation exposure levels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Twenty five years ago family houses were built of slag concrete prefabricated blocks with radium concentrations from 1000 to 4000 Bq.kg-1. Dose rates of gamma radiation are 0.92x%1.36 μGy.h-1. Radon daughters concentrations 185x%1.81 Bq.m-3 are high due to low air exchange and energy saving, because the blocks have high heat penetration up to 1.9 m2K.W-1. Three quarters of these houses need remedial action. But counter measures (shielding by lead or bricks, exchange of blocks, coating walls by watersoluble polyamide resin, thermal isolation from outside and controlled ventilation, air condition) are very expensive and on top of it unacceptable to the owners. Provision of new houses are required by them. Calculation of saved health detriment supports their requirement. (author). 3 refs, 2 figs

  6. Recent developments in the Zincor cell house

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Production at Zincor's manually-stripped cell house has increased steadily from 91,000 t/y (metric tons) in 1990 to 107,400 t/y in 1999. The increase in production was achieved by increasing the size of the electrodes and the current loading within the existing cell house infrastructure. Current efficiency was also increased through improvements to the anode and cathode design and improved housekeeping procedures. Output is expected to increase to 116,000 t/y during 2001 and to 125,000 t/y in 2003. This paper gives an overview of the cell house operation, details recent developments, and outlines planned future improvements. Anode corrosion, anode rejection criteria, cell cleaning cycles, blister formation on the deposits and cathode surface preparation are also discussed. (author)

  7. Auditing energy use in cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bennett, M.; Newborough, M. [Cranfield University, Bedford (United Kingdom). Applied Energy Group

    2001-01-01

    'Energy auditing' as a technique for obtaining a 'snapshot' of the energy flows in a city or urban conurbation is discussed in the context of meeting national and international targets for CO{sub 2} emissions abatement. An audit methodology is presented which addresses the key questions: who needs to be involved in the audit? how should the city or conurbation be divided? what data are required? how might these data be obtained and then analysed? which are the areas of significant consumption? A basis for setting local targets for reducing future energy consumption and CO{sub 2} emissions is presented. The scope for auditing major cities and conurbations in the United Kingdom is identified with reference to implementing Local Agenda 21 and satisfying CO{sub 2} emissions reduction targets. (author)

  8. Developing a functional model for cities impacted by a natural hazard: application to a city affected by flooding

    OpenAIRE

    Bambara, G.; Peyras, L.; Felix, H.; Serre, D.

    2015-01-01

    The experience feedback on a crisis that hit a city is frequently used as a "recollection" tool. To capitalize information about an experience feedback from the cities that have been affected by a natural hazard, the authors propose in this study a functional model to model scenarios of city crises. In this model, the city, considered as a complex system, was modelled using a functional analysis method. Based on such modelling, two risk analysis methods (Failure Mode and Eff...

  9. PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE OF REGIONAL PEOPLE'S CONTROL AUTHORITIES OF MOSCOW IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY AIMED AT THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE MUNICIPAL ECONOMY IN THE 1980ies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Byzov Aleksey Yur'evich

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In the article, the author has proven that state control authorities had an important function in the organizational structure of the government authorities of our country. The author also drives attention to the fact that, in the Soviet period, government leaders implemented the idea of a system of controlling authorities that were to a substantial extent composed of blue collars. An extensive network of controlling authorities operating on location was active in the 80ies of the 20th century. The historical experience of regional controlling authorities is considered in article, and Moscow controlling authorities are taken as an example. The author demonstrates that the Moscow City Committee, regional committees, groups and posts of people's control organized at enterprises and other organizations drove particular attention to the issues of construction, the building industry as a whole and to the accomplishments of the municipal economy; they also supervised over the implementation of ecological and nature protection actions, monitored the condition and repairs of public health service buildings; they resolved the issues of education, culture, available housing, housing preparation for the winter season, etc. Actions taken in the aftermath of inspections held by people's control authorities were aimed at the improvement of the ecological condition of Moscow, and they resolved the problems of urban construction. Multiple assignments performed by people's control authorities made it possible to substantially improve the quality of their inspections and to combine the controlling efforts within the framework of the municipal economy. Coordination of combined inspections promoted reduction in the overall number of inspections. The present-day building sector of the Russian capital can benefit from the experience of Moscow people's control authorities, their well-coordinated controlling activities within the construction industry and the prior

  10. Does energy labelling on residential housing cause energy savings? Working paper

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kjaerbye, V.H.

    2008-12-15

    More than 80% of energy used in households is dedicated to space heating. Large potential energy savings have been identified in the existing housing stock. Energy labelling of single-family houses is seen as an important instrument to provide new house owners with information on efficient energy saving investments that can be made on the house. This paper evaluates the effects of the Danish Energy Labelling Scheme on energy consumption in existing single-family houses with propensity score matching using actual consumption of energy and register data describing the houses and households. We do not find significant energy savings due to the Danish Energy Labelling Scheme. (Author)

  11. Budget Authority By Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — The following summarizes the Department's funding and staffing requests for fiscal years 2013 through 2015. Detail may not add to totals due to rounding. This is...

  12. Sustainable development indicators for cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey Nikolayevich Bobylev

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The assessment of urban population’s life quality implies an investigation of all factors defining it: economic, social and ecological. The development of the corresponding indicators of sustainable urban development is necessary. The majority of the cities in the world and this country show unsustainable development at present time. In the article, the world and Russian experience of development of indicators of sustainable urban development is considered. In the article, opportunities of adaptation of approaches to these indicators’ development on the basis of Human Development Index developed by United Nations Development Program and an index of Adjusted Net Savings of the World Bank for Russia are considered. The authors propose a new integrated index of sustainability for Russian cities. It is based on the concept and methodology of the Adjusted Net Savings index. In order to evaluate the sustainability of urban development taking into account economic, social, and ecological factors, the authors propose applying three corresponding sub-indexes: gross capital, expenses on human capital development, and damage from environmental pollution in the cities. In the article, the authors’ set of indicators for Russian cities is proposed. It reflects the most acute problems of sustainable urban development in Russia and the quality of life in cities; also it corresponds to Russian statistics. 21 key indicators reflecting important economic, social, and ecological urban priorities are proposed. Indicators are divided into nine groups: economic indicators; energy efficiency; transport; social and institutional indicators; air and climate; water resources; waste; especially protected natural territories; noise influence. Proposed indicators for cities allow more adequately assess trends of urbanized space shaping and quality of life

  13. House Prices and Taxes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjedsted Nielsen, Mads

    This paper is the first to consider a large scale natural experiment to estimate the effect of taxes on house prices. We find that a 1 percentage-point increase in income tax rates lead to a drop in house prices of at most 2.2%. This corresponds to a tax capitalization for the average household of...... only 31%. We use 2007 municipal reform in Denmark in which 256 municipalities changed tax rates, as an exogenous shock to taxes. The exogeneity of the shock to taxes and the size of the data set is an improvement over earlier studies. Our findings significantly downward adjust the degree of tax...... capitalization from earlier studies. Furthermore, we find no effect of property taxes on house prices. We attribute this to the low levels of Danish municipal property tax rates compared to income tax rates....

  14. The book house

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Henrik; Agger, Steen

    1989-01-01

    user-librarian negotiations. These studies led to the identification of a set of strategies for searching and retrieving literature as well as a mutri-kimensional framework for classifying fiction. Both of these have been necessary prerequisites for the design of the BOOK HOUSE, a flexible on-line data......The BOOK HOUSE (and its predecessor, the BOOK AUTOMAT) are computer systems aimed at supporting library users in finding fiction. They are examples of systems using a cognitive work analysis as the basis for design and evaluation - and build on studies of the information retrieval task using actual...... base retrieval system for novice users - both adults and children. The use of icons within a spatial metaphor to facilitate direct manipulation of the displayed objects on the screen forms the basis for the interface in guiding the users' navigation in the BOOK HOUSE. This report, one of three, is...

  15. State Housing Revival

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Donovan, Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    Glen Innes. This resulted in a socially, economically and environmentally sustainable neighbourhood proposal which also generated a more culturally flexible home, with environmental sustainable solutions to reduce future financial and environmental pressures. The outcome of the design proposal created......Government funded housing for people in need is a challenge many countries face around the world. This research investigates how to sustainably regenerate post-war suburban state housing in New Zealand, in particular, the suburb of Glen Innes in Auckland. Reviving the community and regenerating the...... buildings is essential for improving the overall quality of the neighbourhoods both socially and physically. Achieving this in a holistic sustainable manner illustrates that there are alternatives to demolition and new builds, as the answer to the current housing shortage problems. New Zealand is confronted...

  16. Water changed the cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elle, Morten; Jensen, Marina Bergen

    An improvement in water infrastructure and cleaning up the waters changed many harbour cities in Denmark at the beginning of the 90s. The harbour cities changed from drity, run-down industrial harbours to clean and attractive harbour dwelling creating new city centres and vital city areas...

  17. A General Equilibrium Model of Australia's Premier City

    OpenAIRE

    J. Mark Horridge

    1999-01-01

    Australian cities suffer from urban sprawl, leading to long average commute distances and high energy use by urban transport. To investigate this problem, we define and construct a medium-sized general equilibrium model of Australia's second-largest city, Melbourne. Individuals are modelled as utility maximisers who face a discrete number of choices. We follow the logit approach, where the probability of an individual pursuing an option (for example, living in high-density housing in zone A w...

  18. Are Big Cities Bad Places to Live? Estimating Quality of Life across Metropolitan Areas

    OpenAIRE

    David Albouy

    2008-01-01

    The standard revealed-preference estimate of a city's quality of life is proportional to that city's cost-of-living relative to its wage-level. Adjusting estimates to account for federal taxes, non-housing costs, and non-labor income produces more plausible quality-of-life estimates than in the previous literature. Unlike previous estimates, adjusted quality-of-life measures successfully predict how housing costs rise with wage levels, are positively correlated with popular "livability" ranki...

  19. Sources of radioactive contamination inside houses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    People may be exposed at home to multiple sources of nuclear radiation such as gamma, beta and alpha rays emitters. House atmosphere is polluted with nuclear radiation from water pollutants and rocks used in the construction. Radon is the only radioactive non-metallic element. Environmental organizations estimated that all houses contain varying concentrations of radon gas, and the residents are exposed to levels of radon over the years. The source of radon in houses is uranium, which may be found in rocks of the house, soil of the garden, water of the deep artesian wells and building materials, especially granite rocks. Breathing air that contains high levels of radon causes lung cancer. Radon is the second cause of lung disease after smoking. There are many means to reduce house pollution including: utilisation of air filters to remove contaminated dust particles, keep residential areas away from the establishments that use nuclear technology or embedded by nuclear waste, avoid using materials made from asbestos in construction works and proper use and disposal of chemicals and medicines containing radioactive isotopes. (author)

  20. Lonqueville House: Tasting Menu

    OpenAIRE

    Lonqueville House Hotel

    2013-01-01

    Lonqueville House is a 4 star Georgian House hotel located in Mallow, Co. Cork. Kitchen Philosophy; "At Longueville Guests may savour the freshest produce from the estate and surrounding areas, in original culinary creations cooked by chef and patron William O'Callaghan and his team in this renowned kitchen. William trained under Master Chef Raymond Blanc at Le Manoir aux Quat’Saisons, a two-Michelin-star restaurant where the menu is described as having ‘a twist of imaginative genius...

  1. A review of initiatives to reduce energy-related CO2 emissions from the city of Oxford: past, present and future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reviews three key initiatives undertaken in the historical city of Oxford to bring about reductions in energy-related CO2 emissions on a city-wide scale. The author has been part of all the three initiatives. In 2002, a collaborative partnership between academia, industry and city council started the Oxford Solar Initiative (OSI) which uses a community-based approach to help households and organisations in Oxford, financially and technically, to install solar energy systems and energy efficiency measures in buildings. So far OSI has facilitated the installation of 80 active solar systems, over 450 energy efficiency measures and 3,000 low energy bulbs. The scientific basis of OSI is a GIS-based DECoRuM model which estimates and maps baseline energy use and CO2 emissions on a house-by house level, identifies 'pollution' hotspots, predicts the potential for reductions in CO2 emissions and monitors reductions achieved as a result of deploying energy efficiency measures and renewable energy systems. The application of DECoRuM model to a case study in Oxford shows that CO2 emission reductions above 60 % are possible, at a cost of between GBP 6 to GBP 77 per tonne of CO2 emissions saved, depending upon the package of measures used, and the scenario of capital costs (low or high) employed. The OSI and DECoRuM projects have led to the development of an action-oriented Oxford Climate Change Action Plan (OCCAP) which constructs an accurate CO2 emissions inventory for Oxford city for a baseline year, establishes CO2 reduction targets and proposes action for each of the energy-related sectors to meet those targets. The OCCAP will be implemented by Oxford City Council and provides a useful example for other cities in their endeavour for emission reductions

  2. Housing benefit and financial returns to employment for tenants in the social sector

    OpenAIRE

    Chris Giles; Paul Johnson; Julian McCrae

    1997-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of the UK housing benefit system on the financial returns to employment of people in local authority or Housing Association accommodation. It outlines the current structure of housing benefit and examines its effects on the returns to employment using data from the Family Expenditure Survey. It analyses the consequences of a number of reforms to the current system — lowering social rents, increasing the levels of housing benefit received in work and restricting ...

  3. Mobility and accessibility in historic cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Ana Carla; Paschoalin, Rachel Filgueiras; Castañon, José Alberto

    2012-01-01

    The historic cities of Brazil, despite its colonial structure, don't fail to go through transformations that affect contemporary cities, which is the main source of problems, leading to new approaches to urban issues such as mobility and accessibility. The uncontrolled growth of tourism in the historic cities can be considered as a big problem, because at the same time, they have committed to the conservation of its built heritage and demand control of the activities that occur in their areas without harm. Then, a permanent dialogue between conservatives and planners could be accomplished by joining the various sectoral policies. The study of urban mobility in historical sites was in fact the focus of this work because of their peculiarities, such as its specific characteristics of urban structure, morphology and occupation. In fact, the development of tourism in historic centers generates specific demands, such as adaptation to new uses of the houses, intensive movement of people and vehicles, illegal parking, among others. Beyond threatening the city preservation, does not provide mobility and accessibility to tourists, because these cities were not designed for the tourism conditions and needs of contemporary life. Characteristic features of Brazilian baroque cities, such as topography , the narrow streets, narrow or nonexistent sidewalks, steep turns and ramps strong, are not suitable for heavy vehicles, traffic and pedestrian circulation. Thus, studies concerning conservation urban integrated are aimed at an approach to interaction between historic preservation of the environment with the dynamic socio-economic of the local. PMID:22317715

  4. White House nominates nuclear commissioner

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    2012-06-01

    Just 3 days after U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission chairman Gregory Jaczko announced his intention to resign (Eos, 93(22), 211, doi:10.1029/2012EO220005, 2012), President Barack Obama nominated Allison Macfarlane to serve out the remainder of Jaczko's term, through June 2013. The White House announced that upon her appointment, Macfarlane would be designated as chair of the commission. Macfarlane is an associate professor of environmental science and policy at George Mason University. A member of the Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future from March 2010 to January 2012, she is also the author of the 2006 book Uncertainty Underground: Yucca Mountain and the Nation's High-Level Nuclear Waste and is an AGU member.

  5. A review on weaknesses and strengths of delivering Mehr housing project in terms of achieving economical goals

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Karshenasan; Mahsa Beiranvand

    2013-01-01

    Housing is one of the most important sections of development in a country and its economic importance has put it in the center of attention. It can cause rise and depression of habitation by its extended economic aspects. Mehr Housing plan is a state run housing project in most cities started 2007 in Iran to protect and provide cheap housing for poor people and young couples. Mehr housing project by its large scale and wide dimensions can affect the society’s economy. Therefore, to investigat...

  6. The Children's House

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peller, Lili E.

    2013-01-01

    Lili Peller's "The Children's House" essay begins where Maria Montessori left off in her description of space articulations. Peller does not name Montessori specifically as she always had a desire to become independent in her own right as a neo-Freudian child analyst. But the Haus Der Kinder founded in summer of 1922 suggests a total…

  7. The Nordic Housing Enabler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helle, T.; Nygren, C.; Slaug, B.;

    2014-01-01

    This study addresses development of a content-valid cross-Nordic version of the Housing Enabler and investigation of its inter-rater reliability when used in occupational therapy rating situations, involving occupational therapists, clients, and their home environments. The instrument was...

  8. How Housing Benefit Residents?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lynn Zhang

    2008-01-01

    @@ At 2008's NPC and CPPCC sessions,the nation's housing program has kbecome one of the top concerns;some deputies from academic institutions and the real estate industry have submitted their own proposals on how to deal with the issue.

  9. Dutch House Martins

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Piersma, T.; van der Velde, M.

    2012-01-01

    In a southern Spanish population of the colonial-breeding Afrotropical migrant House Martins Delichon urbicum, a high overall prevalence of (molecularly assayed) haemosporidian infections (in the non-parasitological literature usually denoted with the inclusive term 'malaria') was associated with ne

  10. The Nordic Housing Enabler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helle, Tina; Slaug, Bjørn; Brandt, Åse;

    2010-01-01

    research in the Nordic context. The varying kappa results highlights the need for further study in order to understand the influence of prevalence more profoundly, which should be kept in mind when interpreting the results. Keywords: Accessibility, physical environment, housing adaptation, occupational...

  11. Hood River Passive House

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hales, David [BA-PIRC, Spokane, WA (United States)

    2014-01-01

    The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to "reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project. The design includes high R-Value assemblies, extremely tight construction, high performance doors and windows, solar thermal DHW, heat recovery ventilation, moveable external shutters and a high performance ductless mini-split heat pump. Cost analysis indicates that many of the measures implemented in this project did not meet the BA standard for cost neutrality. The ductless mini-split heat pump, lighting and advanced air leakage control were the most cost effective measures. The future challenge will be to value engineer the performance levels indicated here in modeling using production based practices at a significantly lower cost.

  12. Housing price forecastability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bork, Lasse; Møller, Stig Vinther

    2012-01-01

    We examine US housing price forecastability using a common factor approach based on a large panel of 122 economic time series. We …nd that a simple three-factor model generates an explanatory power of about 50% in one-quarter ahead in-sample forecasting regressions. The predictive power of the mo...

  13. Vietnam Affordable Housing

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank Group

    2015-01-01

    Affordable housing will be instrumental to helping Vietnam achieve its goals for increasing productivity and inclusive urban growth. Since Doi Moi, the country has experienced impressive economic growth, averaged at 7.4 percent per annum from 1990 to 2008, lowering to an average of 6 percent per annum from 2007 to 2013. Strong economic growth has supported a substantial reduction in povert...

  14. Hood River Passive House

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hales, D.

    2014-01-01

    The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project. The design includes high R-Value assemblies, extremely tight construction, high performance doors and windows, solar thermal DHW, heat recovery ventilation, moveable external shutters and a high performance ductless mini-split heat pump. Cost analysis indicates that many of the measures implemented in this project did not meet the BA standard for cost neutrality. The ductless mini-split heat pump, lighting and advanced air leakage control were the most cost effective measures. The future challenge will be to value engineer the performance levels indicated here in modeling using production based practices at a significantly lower cost.

  15. Engaging City Hall: Children as Citizens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krechevsky, Mara; Mardell, Ben; Romans, Angela N.

    2014-01-01

    In this article, the authors suggest that current notions of advocacy in early childhood education should be expanded to include a view of young children as citizens. The authors ground their discussion in a how-to book project in Providence, Rhode Island, consider different concepts of children and citizenship, share commentary from City Hall and…

  16. Assisted Housing - Public Housing Buildings - National Geospatial Data Asset (NGDA)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — The approximate physical location of each individual Public Housing Building. If the building has more than one entrance or street address, the address of the...

  17. Complexity, cognition and the city

    CERN Document Server

    Portugali, Juval

    2011-01-01

    Complexity, Cognition and the City aims at a deeper understanding of urbanism, while invoking, on an equal footing, the contributions both the hard and soft sciences have made, and are still making, when grappling with the many issues and facets of regional planning and dynamics. In this work, the author goes beyond merely seeing the city as a self-organized, emerging pattern of some collective interaction between many stylized urban "agents" – he makes the crucial step of attributing cognition to his agents and thus raises, for the first time, the question on how to deal with a complex system composed of many interacting complex agents in clearly defined settings. Accordingly, the author eventually addresses issues of practical relevance for urban planners and decision makers. The book unfolds its message in a largely nontechnical manner, so as to provide a broad interdisciplinary readership with insights, ideas, and other stimuli to encourage further research – with the twofold aim of further pushing ba...

  18. 24 CFR 1715.27 - Fair housing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fair housing. 1715.27 Section 1715.27 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  19. Housing Subsidies: Effects on Housing Decisions, Efficiency, and Equity

    OpenAIRE

    Rosen, Harvey S.

    1983-01-01

    This paper surveys the effects of two of the most important federal policies toward housing: the "implicit subsidy" for owner-occupied housing in the income tax code, and the provision of housing for low income families at rents below cost. Emphasis is placed on the methodological problems that arise in attempts to assess the efficiency and distributive implications of these programs.Section 1 critically discusses the rationalization for a government housing policy. Section 2 investigates the...

  20. Housing and Housing Finance: The View from Australia and Beyond

    OpenAIRE

    Luci Ellis

    2006-01-01

    This paper draws together themes from work at the RBA, other national central banks, the BIS and elsewhere on recent developments in housing and housing finance. The general conclusion is that financial and macroeconomic developments have increased the demand for the stock of housing. Because the stock of housing is inherently slow to adjust, this has increased its relative price. Although this is a global trend, individual country institutions have affected outcomes, sometimes in ways that a...