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Sample records for city districts balaluz

  1. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Business; Schlussbericht AG Wirtschaft - Phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Inderbitzin, J.

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This paper takes a look at business aspects in the four districts and examines the factors that influence the sustainable development of these districts. The functioning of each of the four districts in relation to their parent cities is discussed both in historical and present-day contexts. Economic aspects and the possibilities for future development are discussed, as are sustainability factors. The criteria for the four districts are compared. The influence expected with respect to projects in the four areas is discussed.

  2. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Society; Schlussbericht 'Gesellschaft' - Phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arend, M.

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This paper takes a look at society aspects in the four districts and examines the factors that influence the sustainable development of the districts. Topics discussed include basic residential needs, safety, health, and supply along with culture and education. Also examined are the possible topics equality and fairness and participation along with geographical reference and neighbourhood relations. A project for this area of investigation is suggested.

  3. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Bellevaux; Quartier de Bellevaux - Lausanne. Rapport final de la phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gay, J.-B.; Montavon, M. [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire d' Energie solaire et de physique du batiment (LESO-PB), Lausanne (Switzerland); Muehll, D. von der [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire de Dynamiques territoriales (LADYT), Lausanne (Switzerland); Malatesta, D. [Ecole d' Etudes sociales et pedagogiques (EESP), Lausanne (Switzerland); Cunha, A. da; Dind, J.-P. [University of Lausanne, Institut de Geographie (UNIL-IGUL), Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the first phase of the project in the Bellevaux district of Lausanne. The work done in the first phase is reviewed: A database with details on 240 buildings was set up, a pilot analysis of a building was carried out and suggestions for renovation work were made. Also, a socio-economic analysis of the district was made and the expectations of inhabitants were noted. Mobility was critically analysed and first possibilities in the urban planning area were looked at. Recommendations for the second phase of the project are presented.

  4. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - BaBeL Lucerne; Schlussbericht Quartier BaBeL - Phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duss, A.; Inderbitzin, J.; Wandeler, M.

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the first phase of the project concerning the Baselstrasse and Bernstrasse districts in Lucerne. A database containing details of the various buildings in the districts was set up, energy-relevant refurbishment of buildings was investigated, owners were counselled and various diploma-theses for the University of Applied Sciences in Lucerne were initiated. Ecological, economical and mobility aspects are considered and suggestions are made for follow-up projects.

  5. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Mobility; Rapport final, phase 1. Theme 'Mobilite'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muehll, D. von der

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This paper takes a look at mobility aspects and addresses the following questions with reference to city districts: sustainable mobility, what can and cannot be realised at this scale, what effects are to be expected, how can sustainability be measured and which obstacles are to be expected. Topics covered include public transport, foot and bicycle traffic, parking, noise, pollution and the reduction of physical danger. Management and information are also discussed as are promotion activities and ways of increasing awareness.

  6. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Gundeldinger Feld - Phase 1; Schlussbericht Quartier Gundeldingerfeld Basel - Phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Binz, A.; Voyame, J.-P.

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the first phase of the project in Gundeldinger Feld, Basel. In an analysis of the initial situation in the Gundeldinger Feld, ecological and economical aspects are examined as are questions concerning mobility and urban planning. The various players involved are introduced and their expectations reviewed; work done and the involvement of the local inhabitants in the project are looked at. Measures to be taken to realise the visions proposed are discussed and suggestions for projects are made.

  7. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Gruenau Zurich; Schlussbericht Quartier Gruenau/Siedlung Bernerstrasse/Werdwies, Zuerich - Phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ott, W.; Kaufmann, Y.; Arend, M.

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the first phase of the project concerning the Bernerstrasse/Werdwies estate in western Zurich. The results of an analysis of the present situation are presented that cover social aspects, residential buildings and their heating using waste heat from sewage, economical factors and, also, mobility and urban planning aspects. The replacement of a residential estate with new buildings is looked at from the energy and ecological viewpoints. Measures to be taken are suggested and recommendations for projects are made.

  8. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Bellevaux Phase 2; Quartiers durables BaLaLuZh. Rapport Lausanne-Bellevaux. Phase 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robinson, D.; Nicol, L. [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire d' energie solaire et de physique du batiment (LESO-PB), Lausanne (Switzerland); Pattaroni, L. [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire de sociologie urbaine (LASUR), Lausanne (Switzerland); Muehll, D. von der [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire Choros, Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2007-04-15

    This comprehensive final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the second phase of the project in the Bellevaux district of Lausanne. The work done in this second phase is reviewed. The results of phase 1 were followed up in that it was decided to facilitate the renovation of specific buildings where possible. A further aim was to evaluate the extent to which cycling is used as a means of transport as well as to identify possible barriers and solutions to the more widespread use of cycling as a means of transportation. The report describes the work necessary and strategies for specific buildings, including participatory procedures. As far as cycling is concerned, the results of questionnaires are examined and discussed. Communication and animation projects are also looked at.

  9. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project. Final report phase 2. BaBeL Lucerne; Nachhaltige Quartierentwicklung BaLaLuZh. Schlussbericht Phase 2. Quartier BaBeL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wandeler, M.; Inderbitzin, J. [Babel, Lucerne (Switzerland); Geissbuehler, D. [Hochschule fuer Technik und Architektur (HTA) Luzern, Horw (Switzerland)

    2006-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the second phase of the project concerning the Baselstrasse and Bernstrasse districts in Lucerne. Alongside the planned work, a planning instrument that aids co-ordination and know-how-transfer was developed in this second phase. This master plan and the organisational structure for 2006 is described. Application work to be done from 2007 onwards is looked at. The main part of this report consists of eight annexes that define and describe building blocks for measures to be taken, the master plan, a plan of action 2007 - 2009, along with organisational and financial data.

  10. Zhengdong New District: A Water City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    ON April 12, 2002, at the Yuda World Trade Building, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, a signing ceremony for the first group of developers to enter Zhengdong New District was in progress. Government officials announced, "In the years to come, Zhengdong New District will be a government focus.

  11. Election Districts and Precincts, City Council districts, Published in 2005, Freelance.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2005. It is described as 'City Council districts'....

  12. Economic geology of the Central City district, Gilpin County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sims, P.K.; Drake, A.A.; Tooker, E.W.

    1963-01-01

    The Central City district, in Gilpin County, Colo., is on the east flank of the Front Range, about 30 miles west of Denver. The district is the most important mining camp in the Front Range mineral belt, and has yielded more than $100 million worth of gold, silver, uranium, and base-metal ores since 1859. Gold accounts for about 85 percent of the dollar value of the ore. In recent years mining activity has been slack but from 1950 to 1955 the search for uranium ores stimulated prospecting and development.

  13. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1977

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District during the 1977 calendar year. The report begins by giving a brief introduction to the district, as...

  14. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1981

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District during the 1981 calendar year. The report begins by giving a brief introduction to the district, as...

  15. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1980

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District during the 1980 calendar year. The report begins by giving a brief introduction to the district, as...

  16. Zoning Districts, City zoning classifications, Published in 1990, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Greenville.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Zoning Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 1990. It is described as 'City...

  17. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Fiscal year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by giving a description of the area, status of the...

  18. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1973

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District during the 1973 calendar year. The report begins by giving a description of the area, status of...

  19. Government Districts, Other, City trash cleanup zones, Published in 2006, Freelance.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Government Districts, Other dataset, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2006. It is described as 'City trash cleanup zones'. Data...

  20. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1993

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1993 calendar year. The report begins with a...

  1. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1994

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1994 calendar year. The report begins with a...

  2. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1992

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1992 calendar year. The report begins with a...

  3. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1995

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1995 calendar year. The report begins with a...

  4. The Policy Implementation in Development Water Front City in District Senapelan Pekanbaru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panca Setyo Prihatin

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Structuring urban areas, especially the Pekanbaru City, is necessary given the problem of development of Pekanbaru City is more and more complex and highly in need of a better arrangement, especially concerning on the improvement of the environment (Water Front City in Siak River surroundings. This is a descriptive qualitative research with population sample of the Office of Settlement and Regional Infrastructure of Pekanbaru City, Senapelan District Government, NGOs, community leaders, and private parties. Data are collected through interview, observation and documentation, which is then analyzed using qualitative analysis technique. This research finds that the policy of the development of Water Front City at Village Kampung Baru sub-district Senapelan Pekanbaru is not implemented optimally. This situation can be seen through a variety of indicators related to the implementation of development policies of Water Front City at Village Kampung Baru sub-district Senapelan Pekanbaru in that the effect of interest policies, benefits, desire for change, the process of decision-making, implementing programs and supporting resources have not been implemented effectively. The curbing factors in implementing development policies in the District Water Front City Senapelan Pekanbaru are mostly due to the lack of human resources, process of compensation and other inadequate financing, and managerial instruments that are unsupported to the implementation of development programs of Water Front City at Village Kampung Baru sub-district Senapelan Pekanbaru.

  5. Study on the Consolidation Potential of Construction Land in Bagongshan District of Huainan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bo; LIU; Zhongxiang; YU

    2014-01-01

    Based on grading of consolidation potential of rural construction land,coal mining subsidence areas,old towns and " villages within the city" in Bagongshan District,this article put forwards the following recommendations to fully tap the consolidation potential of construction land in Bagongshan District:strengthening the planning guidance;combining the construction land consolidation with beautiful countryside construction;focusing on the ecological civilization construction.

  6. Cluster Analysis of the Agricultural Economic Development in the Districts and Counties of Qingyang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhongya; MA

    2014-01-01

    From the perspective of economic growth,agricultural development,the development of township enterprises and farmers’ income,we select 11 indicators to build the evaluation indicator system for the agricultural economic development in the districts and counties of Qingyang City. Using data processing and SPSS13. 0 statistical software,we carry out the cluster analysis of the level of economic development in the districts and counties,and divide the level of agricultural economic development of these districts and counties into three economic gradients in descending order:(i) The first gradient: Xifeng;(ii) The second gradient: Qingchi and Huachi;(iii) The third gradient: Huanxian,Heshui,Zhengning,Ningxian and Zhenyuan. The study results systematically reflect the level of agricultural economic development in the districts and counties,and point out the status of the districts and counties in Qingyang’s agricultural economic development. Finally we put forth the corresponding recommendations.

  7. A new district heating system in the city of Bolanzo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mazzocato, Alessandro; Li, Hongwei; Marchiori, S.

    2014-01-01

    In the context of the EU project “Sinfonia”, that aims to reduce Bolzano’s primary energy consumption up to 40%, SEL AG, an Italian energy company is planning to extend the existing district heating and cooling (DHC) network and explore strategies to improve efficiency, environmental, and economi...

  8. City Schools: How Districts and Communities Can Create Smart Education Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothman, Robert, Ed.

    2007-01-01

    In "City Schools," Robert Rothman and his colleagues at the Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University put forward a vision of "smart education systems" that link a highly functioning and effective school district with a comprehensive and accessible web of supports for children, youth, and families. One-third of…

  9. Entropic Management: Restructuring District Office Culture in the New York City Department of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howell, Fanon John

    2014-01-01

    Although a growing body of literature is produced on reform of urban school districts, few studies examine shifts in the culture of managers resulting from reorganization in these bureaucracies. This article engages an analysis of central office managerial culture in the New York City Department of Education during a culminating moment of district…

  10. Entomological Condition and Control Efforts in Dengue Endemic Area of Baros Sub-District Sukabumi City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heni Prasetyowati

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Baros sub-district contribute high incidence rate of dengue fever in Sukabumi city. To determine the level of transmission risk of dengue fever from entomological condition aspect, it’s required to do the entomological survey and interview about control efforts with the aim of identifying entomological factors at Baros sub-district and dengue control efforts in that area. Population for the survey and interview on entomological control efforts are all community group or Rukun Warga (RW in endemic area in Baros sub-district. Samples for survey are house/building at sub-district Baros RW 11. Interviewed respondent was a person whose stays in the building. Interviews were conducted using a questionnaire by visiting the respondent. Entomology data were collected through pre adult mosquitoes surveys. The results show that vector control made by RW 11 Baros sub-district are grouped into cultural, physical, biological, chemical, role and control in an integrated manner, with the highest type of control measures is an integrated control (37.6%. Indicators of entomology is HI = 33.98%, CI = 11.1%, BI = 45.63% . Based on the CI indicator, RW 11 sub-district Baros has a density figure 4, while the indicator based on HI and BI, has a density figure 6. This suggests that this region has a moderate risk of transmission to the spread of dengue disease.

  11. Business improvement districts as a management instrument for city center’s regeneration in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radosavljević Uroš

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Urban regeneration and economic development in the context of competitive global markets and impacts to Serbian cities represent challenges calling for new responses for transformative action in urban governance. Policy-makers understanding of that relation may contribute to suitable use of policy instruments for creating good business environment in cites. Business improvement districts (BIDs represent possible model used as a management instrument for fostering local economic development, city promotion and improving the quality of urban public space and life. The paper presents theoretical approaches of policy instruments use and sets recommendations for management of BIDs based on two cases of city center’s regeneration in Serbia. We argue that for BIDs to be a useful model for city center’s regeneration, an appropriate use and combination of regulatory, economic and informational management instruments is necessary. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TR 36035: Spatial, Environmental, Energy and Social Aspects of Development of Settlements and Climate Change

  12. Building an eco-effective district heating management system in a city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gitelman Leonid

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The goal of making the urban environment safer amid increasing human impact adds to the importance of district heating management. The article outlines the results of a study into the problem of improving the urban environment by implementing two innovative solutions. Technological innovations imply the introduction of modern sustainable tools of reducing emissions in district heating networks, one of them being the combination of district heating and combined heat and power plants (a case study of Turin. Organizational innovations are built upon the management of demand for thermal energy that makes it possible to reduce investment in new construction and to optimize the architecture of heat load schedules for the purpose of alleviating energy and environmental pressure on the city. The authors propose formats and areas of demand side management for thermal energy and methods of offering economic incentives to program participants.

  13. Economic and technical analysis of retrofit to cogenerating district energy systems: North-Central cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santini, D.J.; Davis, A.A.; Marder, S.M.

    1979-06-01

    Six major US cities (Washington, DC, St. Louis, Cleveland, Milwaukee, Detroit, and Chicago) were studied to achieve reasonably accurate estimates of costs required to retrofit them with district energy systems. Demand estimates and energy-supply analyses are made, and component capital costs are estimated to arrive at annualized system costs. Finally, a comparison of alternative energy delivery options is made, and estimates of scarce-fuel savings are derived.

  14. Design Criteria in Revitalizing Old Warehouse District on the Kalimas Riverbank Area of Surabaya City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endang Titi Sunarti Darjosanjoto

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Neglected warehouse buildings along the Kalimas River have created a poor urban façade in terms of visual quality. However the city government is planning to encourage tourism activities that take advantage of Kalimas River and its surrounding environment. If there is no good plan in accordance with the concept of local identity for old city of Surabaya, it will reduce it as a tourist attraction. In reference to the issue above, design criteria needs to be compiled for revitalizing the old warehouse district, which is expected to revive the identity of this district and be able to support the city’s tourism. This study was conducted by recording field observations, and the data was analyzed using the character appraisal method. The character appraisal analysis method is presented in the form of street picture data, which is divided into determined segments. The results show that there are five components including place attachment, sustainable urban design, green open space design, ecological riverfront design, and activity support that should be considered in the revitalization of the warehouse district. Those components are divided into two parts: building and open space at the riverbank. There are 13 design criteria for building at the riverbank, while there are 14 design criteria for open space at the riverbank. These design criteria can enrich the warehouse district’s revitalization by improving the visual quality of the urban environment.

  15. Evaluation of integration of solar energy into the district heating system of the city of Velika Gorica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Andreu Javier

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the current situation the district heating system supplies the 32% of the total thermal consumption in the City of Velika Gorica. The main issue in the district heating system is the utilization of 14 small and distributed heat plants, each providing heat to a separate and individually disconnected heating grid. Reduction of costs and CO2 emissions can be reached with a high penetration of renewable sources. The aim of this paper is to evaluate and design the integration of a Central Solar Heating Plant with Seasonal Storage into the district heating system of the City. An economic assessment was made with a pessimistic and an optimistic prediction of the solar heat cost for ground mounted collectors and roof mounted collectors. The seasonal storage was chosen to be pit thermal energy storage; the system was modeled as a low-temperature district heating system with the real thermal demands of a district heating plant.

  16. Spatial Pattern Change Simulation of Land Use in Yongchuan District of Chongqing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Riming; WANG; Xingyao; XIONG

    2015-01-01

    In order to study the county scale land use structure during the rapid urbanization and more accurately grasp the dynamic process of land use and cover change,we combine GIS technology with CLUE-S model to research the spatial pattern change of land use in Yongchuan District of Chongqing City. The results show that the forest and farmland were main land use types going through changes in Yongchuan District during 2000-2010,accounting for more than 90% of the total area in each year; during 2000- 2010,the urban area was significantly increased,an increase of 16. 11%,and the urban area during 2005- 2010 was changed more dramatically than during 2000- 2005; forest area was slightly increased and farmland area was reduced by 1660 ha in 10 years. We set three scenarios on land use change in Yongchuan District for simulation and compare the predicted results. It can be concluded that driven by rapid urbanization,the change in land use landscape pattern in Yongchuan District is mainly focused on forest and farmland,the urban area is substantially increased,and the forest area also shows an increasing trend while the farmland area is reduced accordingly. Under ecological protection scenarios,the land use type having a protective effect on the ecological environment achieves better control effect.

  17. Research or "Cheerleading"? Scholarship on Community School District 2, New York City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lois Weiner

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available This article examines data on student achievement and school demographics not explored by the researchers who have promoted Community School District 2 (CSD 2 as a model of urban school reform that should be replicated elsewhere. Data on achievement indicate a remarkable degree of social and racial stratification among CSD 2's schools and levels of achievement that closely correlate with race, ethnicity, and poverty. In addition, when CSD 2's scores on state and city tests of mathematics are compared with results from CSD 25 in Queens, a school district that serves a population demographically similar, the superiority of its functioning becomes questionable. The article explains why the design of research on CSD 2 illustrates the perils to both research and policy when university-based researchers assume the role of “cheerleader” (Cuban, 1988, promoting reforms they have aided in implementing and assessing.

  18. Costs of urban area retrofit to district heating and cooling systems: north-central cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santini, D J; Davis, A A; Marder, S M

    1978-03-01

    This study considers the major urbanized areas of six U.S. cities (Washington, D.C.; St. Louis; Cleveland; Milwaukee; Detroit; Chicago) to arrive at reasonably accurate estimates of costs required to retrofit them with district heating and cooling systems. Only costs associated with heating and hot water are addressed here. Demand estimates and energy-supply analyses are made, and component capital costs are estimated to arrive at annualized system costs. Finally, a comparison of alternative energy-delivery options is made, and estimates of scarce-fuel savings are derived. 39 refs., 12 figs., 14 tables.

  19. New-generation Migrant Workers’ Urban Adaptation: A Case Study of Jianggan District in Hangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fei; SU; Bo; LI; Jianyi; HUANG; Zhimei; LI; Jiamiao; ZENG

    2015-01-01

    New-generation migrant workers are the " elite" among migrant workers,and whether they can really adapt to the city is one of the real problems to be urgently solved during China’s new urbanization,related to the success of new urbanization construction. From the perspective of livelihood capital,this paper uses the measuring indicators in line with the new-generation migrant workers’ livelihood characteristics,to analyze the typical characteristics and causes of new-generation migrant workers’ urban adaptation in Jianggan District of Hangzhou City based on field survey data. In the study,it is found that the new-generation migrant workers’ urban adaptation characteristics are focused on life adaptation,work adaptation and cultural adaptation,but the adaptation in the three areas is not good and there is a big room for improvement.

  20. Energy aspects of city districts and rural townships; Energieaspekte staedtischer und laendlicher Siedlungen. Schlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ott, W.; Arend, M.; Philippen, D. [Econcept AG, Zuerich (Switzerland); Gilgen, K.; Beaujean, K. [Hochschule fuer Technik Rapperswil, Institut fuer Raumentwicklung, Rapperswil (Switzerland); Schneider, S. [Planungsbuero Jud AG, Zuerich (Switzerland)

    2008-01-15

    This illustrated final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) presents the results of a project concerning the energy consumption of various residential districts in cities and in rural townships. The analysis examines the consumption of primary energy by residential buildings, their supply and disposal infrastructures and that of traffic induced by settlements. Also, grey energy: consumption for the construction, renovation and demolition of buildings and infrastructures as well as the consumption of primary energy for the production and disposal of individual motor vehicle traffic and public transport is reviewed. Four Swiss case studies are dealt with including largely homogenous residential districts in Effretikon, Oetwil am See, Uster and the City of Zurich. The results of the analyses made are presented in graphical form. The authors quote the great potential for the reduction of the consumption of settlement-dependent primary energy that lies in the fields of energy-efficiency of buildings, mobility and power consumption. The report is rounded off with a comprehensive appendix.

  1. Impact of payroll taxes for small shoe manufacturing enterprises profit generation in Bogota city 15th district

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Armando Hernández Bernal

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we illustrate the financial difficulties that payroll taxes would impose on small shoe manufacturing enterprises in Bogota City 15th district and how this would impose some restrictions for firms profit generation, when such contributions turns out to be a fixed cost. We present a brief on the legal framework as well as an econometric exercise that shows the relations between labor costs and profit generation for the footwear industry in the 15th urban district of Bogotá city.

  2. SPATIAL STRUCTURE EVOLUTION OF SYSTEM OF RECREATION BUSINESS DISTRICT--A Case of Suzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Li-mei; TAO Wei

    2003-01-01

    The growing attention on urban tourism was very widespread. There are two angles to study urban tourism: supply-side and demand-side. And the supply-side of the tourism remains very important. The RBD (Recreation Business District) is a useful framework to understand the components of urban tourism and how they fit together. The paper begins with a review on the RBD and the spatial structure of tourism in urban areas and then attempts to develop a more general understanding of the spatial structure evolution of RBDs in a tourist-historic citySuzhou. The spatial structures and functions of the RBDs in Suzhou are examined, based on field observations, interviews with city officials and industry leaders, and a review of available documents. The urban tourism of Suzhou has developed in a range of contexts, that various types of RBDs have emerged as a result of different urban development strategies. The spatial structure has evolved from the past "Single-cored Structure" to "Double-cored Structure"at present, and then to "Chain Structure" in the future. The spatial form and evolution of RBD in Suzhou are closely relative with its urban spatial expansion. Urban area dispersal is the prerequisite of the emergence of the RBD. Planning and constructing the RBD becomes a new impetus to urban growth or renewal. Finally, a number of strategies for planning and developing the RBD in Suzhou are suggested. The different RBDs should adopt different strategies.Intensification can be the possible strategy for the RBDs in the ancient city. Accreting with the urban theme park or engrafting on the Jinji Lake is suggested respectively for the RBD in the Suzhou New District and the Suzhou Industrial Park.

  3. An Evaluation of the State Urban Education Program "Living Science Center" District 10, New York City Board of Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinci, Thomas G.; DeVita, Christina

    A program of stimulation, motivation, and cultural enrichment for children in New York City's School District 10 is evaluated in this report. The Bronx Zoological Gardens were used for living laboratory experiences, coordinated with classroom activities in different curriculum areas. Employing zoo visits, lectures, films, and classroom…

  4. The Nation's Report Card Reading 2011 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Baltimore City Public Schools. Grade 4, Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This one-page report presents overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, scores at selected percentiles, average scores for district and large cities, results for student groups (school race, gender, and eligibility for National School Lunch Program) in 2011, and score gaps for student groups. In 2011, the average…

  5. The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Baltimore City Public Schools. Grade 4, Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This one-page report presents overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, scores at selected percentiles, average scores for district and large cities, results for student groups (school race, gender, and eligibility for National School Lunch Program) in 2011, and score gaps for student groups. In 2011, the average…

  6. Some recommendations for a better vegetable production in Dong Anh peri-urban district, Hanoi City (in Vietnamese).

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Everaarts, A.P.; Nguyen Van Dung,; Pham Van Hoi,

    2006-01-01

    The paper presents several recommendations for a better vegetable production in Dong Anh district, Hanoi city: improving nursery production; specializing an area for vegetables so that soil is not yearly disturbed; encouraging the uses of environmentally friendly pesticides such as pyrethroid and bi

  7. [Dynamic changes of urban architecture landscape based on Barista: a case study in Tiexi District of Shenyang City].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Pei-feng; Hu, Yuan-man; He, Hong-shi; Xiong, Zai-ping; Liu, Miao

    2010-12-01

    In this paper, three-dimensional building information was extracted from high resolution satellite image based on Barista software. Combined with ArcGIS software, the dynamic changes of the building landscape in Tiexi District of Shenyang City during urban renewal process were analyzed from the conversion contribution rate, building density, average building height, and built-up area rate. It was found that during this urban renewal process, four dominant landscape types (vacant lot, residential building, industrial building, and road) were the main parts of the landscape changes. The areas of vacant lot, residential building, commercial building, and road increased, while that of industrial building decreased. The building density decreased, while the average building height increased. There was an obvious regional variation in building landscape. The building density in industrial district was higher than that in residential district, while the average building height was in adverse. The further from the city center, the lower the building density and building average height.

  8. Living Condition and Willingness of Migrant Workers——A Case Study of Panyu District in Guangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zeying; HUANG

    2013-01-01

    Migrant worker is the product of urban and rural dual structure,and also an important force promoting social development.Paying close attention to living condition and willingness of migrant workers is favorable for improving people’s livelihood and stabilizing society.Panyu District of Guangzhou City has gathered numerous migrant workers.Therefore,it randomly selected 600 migrant workers in Panyu District and took them as objects of questionnaire.Through research,it is found that current living condition of migrant workers is not optimistic,and it is expected that their housing problem can be solved.

  9. Geophysical/Geotechnical Applications to Urban Transformation: Example of District of Yildirim of Bursa City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karabulut, Savas; Imre, Nazire; Yeziz, Hatice; Caglak, Faruk; Tezel, Okan; Ozcep, Ferhat

    2013-04-01

    The city of Bursa, which is located near to the North Anatolian Fault Zone has a very active tectonic regime. The city has a local site effect problem, which is the subject of many studies for this region due to take place in the middle of the basin of the city center. However, in line with the law of new urban transformation, Turkey has started renovation of damaged old buildings and sub-urban buildings. The first example of study has been conducted in Bursa City Center in the district of Yıldırım and that has covered a big area. We used Turkish/Eurocode-8 Standard and Microzonation Criteria for all of this study. The study area covered 7 sub-district areas in particular the southern part of the conservancy district of the plains and northern part of the Uludag slope. We carried out geophysical (microtremors, seismic refraction method, surface wave analysis methods (MASW-MAM) and vertical electrical sounding) and geotechnical (boring up to 20 m and laboratory testing) studies at 75 sites to estimate elastical parameters, soil group, soil classification, and geological cross-sections. The study area was divided into two sub-areas as slope rubble (in the southern part) and alluvial deposits by using borehole data. Standard penetration tests were applied for each 1.5 m to all the boreholes and to estimate mechanical and index properties of soils, several laboratory test were applied to soil/rock specimens. Several soil problems such as soil bearing capacity, soil liquefaction potential, soil settlement analysis, soil amplification, soil expansion analysis were solved by using the results of geophysical, geotechnical and laboratory data. For the study area, deterministic and probabilistic earthquake hazard analysis was performed and ground motion level (magnitude and accelaration of design earthquake) was estimated as Mw:7.4 and a: 0.41 g for exceedence rate of 30% in 50 years. These values guided the solution of soil dynamic analysis. Vs30 map of soils for the

  10. Flowering plants of Hedera helix L. in the Grunwald district of the city of Poznań

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanisława Korszun

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the period from September 2008 to July 2009 in the Grunwald district in the city of Poznań, Poland, a total of 609 localities of flowering English ivy were recorded, for which 769 plants were described. These plants were found in different localities, most of them euhemerobic. The biggest number of flowering specimens was recorded in home gardens. Support for climbing plants was mainly provided by trees and shrubs, including fruit trees – pear and apple trees. Among the other tree species, the biggest group comprises Scots pine, common birch, European larch and common locust. Other types of supports included fences, buildings and elements of small architecture. A very high number of specimens in the generative stage in the Grunwald district indicates considerable popularity and at the same time very good adaptation of ivy not only to the climatic conditions of the city of Poznań, but also to anthropogenic changes in the habitat.

  11. Special Taxing Districts, Lyon County Cemetery Districts, Library Districts, Recreation Districts, Watershed Districts. ., Published in 2011, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Emporia/Lyon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Special Taxing Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2011. It is described...

  12. Seasonal variation of Ganoderma spore concentrations in urban and suburban districts of the city of Szczecin, Poland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grinn-Gofroń, Agnieszka; Strzelczak, Agnieszka; Przestrzelska, Katarzyna

    2015-01-01

    According to recent studies, Ganoderma may be the third genus, after Alternaria and Cladosporium, the spores of which cause symptoms of allergy, and concentration is related to meteorological factors. The aerobiology of Ganoderma spores in Szczecin in urban and suburban districts was examined using Lanzoni Volumetric Spore Traps in 2008-2010. Ganoderma spores were present in the atmosphere on more than 90% of the days from June through September with peak concentrations in June, July and September. The number of days with spores was lower in the suburban district, while the total number of spores collected was higher there than in the urban district. Correlation and multiple regression analyses revealed weak relationships between Ganoderma and meteorological conditions, while testing the significance of differences between the districts showed that urban development did not have a clear impact on the values of meteorological parameters. A significantly higher abundance of spores in the suburbs of Szczecin seemed to be conditioned by the closeness of potential area sources. This study indicates that a single measuring site in the city centre insufficiently reflected the dynamics and level of Ganoderma spore concentration in peripheral districts.

  13. Infection control in general practices in Buffalo City and OR Tambo District Municipalities, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Don O'Mahony

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Good infection control practices are effective in reducing rates of infection in health care settings. Studies in primary care in developed countries indicate that many general practitioners (GPs do not comply with optimal infection control practices. There are no published studies from developing countries in Southern Africa.Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe infection control practices in private GP surgeries in the Buffalo City and OR Tambo District Municipalities in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.Method: A literature review was conducted to appraise current best practice with respect to Standard Infection Control and Transmission Based Precautions. A questionnaire, inquiring into GPs’ actual practices, was posted to each surgery.Results: The valid response rate was 34% (47/140. Methods used to sterilise instruments in 40 practices were: ultraviolet sterilisation (23, chemical disinfection (14, boiling water (7, and steam autoclave (2. Compounds used for chemical disinfection included organotin quaternary, chlorhexidine and benzyl ammonium chloride with a quaternary complex. Twenty-two (47% used a hand rub. Sixteen (35% GPs stated that they had a policy to promptly triage patients who are coughing, and 23 (50% had a policy for airflow movement in the surgery. All practices appropriately disposed of sharps. Thirty-seven (80% expressed interest in a seminar on infection control.Conclusions: Overall, GPs were aware of infection control precautions. Ultraviolet sterilisers and chlorhexidine are not recommended, however, for sterilisation or high level disinfection of medical instruments, and their use should be discontinued. Hand rubs are underutilised. GPs should implement Transmission Based Precautions to prevent airborne and droplet infections.

  14. Analysis of Leadership Flexibility Capability of District/City Public Health Department in North Sumatra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achmad Rifai

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Leadership has an important role in the organization as leader is in charge of supervising and controlling the course of an organization. Ability to lead in mobilizing and empowering employees will affect the performance of the organization. This behavior has a significant impact on the attitudes, behavior and performance of employees. The results of the study showed there is a significant relationship between characteristics such as age (p = 0.004, education(p = 0.034, work experience (p = 0.000, the experience of the organization (p = 0.000, and educational hierarchy (p =0.000 for leadership flexibility. Sex variable is not significant to the leadership flexibility (p = 0.801. There is a relationship with the flexibility of directive leadership style (p = 0.027, supportive leadership style (p = 0.046, and participative leadership style (p = 0.009 with the flexibility of leadership. There is aso a relationship between achievement-oriented leadership style and leadership flexibility (p = 0.000. There is a relationship between the individual characteristics of leadership style and versatility with variable: educational level of leadership (p = 0.021; OR = 19.265. The result suggests that we need more organized seminars / work shop / scientific studies that stimulate the realization of learning about leadership flexibility in improving the performance of the District/City Health Office and it is necessary to study theperformance of the head of the Department of Health assessment intensively and periodically

  15. Uranium deposits in the Eureka Gulch area, Central City district, Gilpin County, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sims, P.K.; Osterwald, F.W.; Tooker, E.W.

    1954-01-01

    The Eureka Gulch area of the Central City district, Gilpin County, Colo., was mined for ores of gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc; but there has been little mining activity in the area since World War I. Between 1951 and 1953 nine radioactive mine dumps were discovered in the area by the U.S. Geological Survey and by prospectors. the importance of the discoveries has not been determined as all but one of the mines are inaccessible, but the distribution, quantity, and grade of the radioactive materials found on the mine dumps indicate that the area is worth of additional exploration as a possible source of uranium ore. The uranium ans other metals are in and near steeply dipping mesothermal veins of Laramide age intrusive rocks. Pitchblende is present in at least four veins, and metatorbernite, associated at places with kosolite, is found along two veins for a linear distance of about 700 feet. The pitchblends and metatorbernite appear to be mutually exclusive and seem to occur in different veins. Colloform grains of pitchblende were deposited in the vein essentially contemporaneously with pyrite. The pitchblende is earlier in the sequence of deposition than galena and sphalerite. The metatorbernite replaces altered biotite-quartz-plagioclase gneiss and altered amphibolite, and to a lesser extent forms coatings on fractures in these rocks adjacent to the veins; the kasolite fills vugs in highly altered material and in altered wall rocks. Much of the pitchblende found on the dumps has been partly leached subsequent to mining and is out of equilibrium. Selected samples of metatorbernite-bearing rock from one mine dump contain as much as 6.11 percent uranium. The pitchblende is a primary vein mineral deposited from uranium-bearing hydrothermal solutions. The metatorbernite probably formed by oxidation, solution, and transportation of uranium from primary pitchblende, but it may be a primary mineral deposited directly from fluids of different composition from these

  16. Environmental contamination of Gorganrood Water and Sediment in district of Gonbad-Kavoos City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giti Forghani

    2014-11-01

    Gonbad-e-Kavoos district. Material and Methods To evaluate the quality of water and sediments at the study area, 10 water and sediment samples were collected in the month of November in year 2012 by standard methods. The physicochemical parameters of water samples including pH and electrical conductivity (EC were determined in situ using portable conductivity and pH meter. At each sampling station, water samples were collected in 1-litre prewashed polyethylene bottles. Water samples were filtered using a vacuum pump and 0.45μm pore-size filter papers in order to separate particulate matter. The filtered samples were then split into two portions: one portion was acidified with HNO3 for dissolved element measurement and the second unacidified portion was used for determination of dissolved anions. The samples were kept at 4°C prior to analysis.The concentration of major ions in water samples was measure using the standard methods: Ca and Mg were determined using titration with EDTA, Cl was measured using titration with AgNO3 and bicarbonate was determined using titration with HCl. Flame photometry was applied for determining Na and K concentration. Nitrate and phosphate values were measured using spectrophotometer. Cationic and anionic charge balance was calculated as a proof for the precision of the data. Total dissolved solid (TDS was measured using evaporation method. The piper diagram was used to assess the water type. Sediment samples were air dried, and then, the Mg2+ (10.4> Ca2+ (7.06> K+ (0.1 and SO42- (13.9> Cl- (13.2> HCO3- (6. The piper diagram shows that the water type in the city district samples is Na-Cl, but in other samples is Na-SO42-, perhaps due to the effect of municipal wastewaters discharge on water type. Despite the extensive agricultural activities in the Gorganrood basin, the nitrate concentration of the samples are below the maximum allowable concentration for drinking usage (50 mg/l, WHO 2011, perhaps due to the denitrification process

  17. Research on New Urban Area Planning Based on TOD Mode:A Study on Binhu New District of Hefei City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    As an urban development mode,the TOD (Transit-oriented Development) mode,targeted at energy-saving and based on the public transportation system,has positive significance for solving problems like disordered urban sprawl and traffic congestion in Chinese cities.This article takes Binhu New District of Hefei as an example to illustrate the practice of the TOD mode in the urban design of large and medium-sized cities.The paper analyzes the relationship between the new district,central urban area,and public transportation development,and puts forward that the TOD mode is suitable for Bihu New District.It states that the TOD mode can be realized through methods such as the building of a "double-rapid" comprehensive public transportation network,the setting up of decentralized-compact urban clusters and TOD communities,the mixevd land-use,as well as the scenery design with complete walking space.The paper also proposes that certain flexible methods can be adopted in order to promote the TOD mode,including making full use of bus transit when rail transit is lacked,setting up TOD communities surrounding the transport hubs,etc.

  18. High mosquito burden and malaria transmission in a district of the city of Douala, Cameroon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio-Nkondjio Christophe

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Rapid demographic growth in Douala city, Cameroon, has resulted in profound ecological and environmental changes. Although demographic changes can affect anopheline mosquito breeding sites, there is a lack of understanding about the epidemiological impact that such changes might have on vector ecology and malaria transmission. Methods A 12-month entomological study was conducted in a highly populated district of Douala called Ndogpassi. Adult mosquitoes were collected using two methods: 1 human landing catches (HLC; and 2 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC light traps; these methods were used twice monthly from January to December 2011. Mosquito genus and species were identified with morphological and molecular diagnostic tools. The sampling efficiency of the CDC light trap and HLC were compared. Anopheles gambiae infection with Plasmodium falciparum was detected using ELISA. Susceptibility to DDT, permethrin, and deltamethrin insecticides were also determined. Results A total of 6923 mosquitoes were collected by HLC (5198 and CDC light traps (1725. There was no equivalence in the sampling efficiency between light traps and human landing catches (P > 0.01. With 51% of the total, Culex was the most common, followed by Anopheles (26.14%, Mansonia (22.7% and Aedes (0.1%. An. gambiae ss (M form comprised ~98% of the total anophelines collected. An. gambiae had a biting rate of 0.25 to 49.25 bites per human per night, and was the only species found to be infected with P. falciparum. A P. falciparum infection rate of 0.5% was calculated (based on enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays using the circumsporozoite surface protein. The entomological inoculation rate was estimated at 31 infective bites per annum. Insecticide susceptibility tests on An. gambiae females revealed a mortality rate of 33%, 76% and 98% for DDT, permethrin and deltamethrin, respectively. The West African kdr allele (L1014F was detected in 38 of

  19. District heating and cooling systems for communities through power plant retrofit and distribution network, City of Piqua, Ohio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-09-18

    The goal of the Piqua, Ohio District Heating and Cooling Demonstration Project is to demonstrate the feasibility and efficiency of using cogenerated thermal energy from the City's Municipal Power Plant to provide residential, commercial and industrial space heating and cooling and satisfy other community energy needs as appropriate. Progress in four tasks within this project is reported. These tasks include: development of team work plan resource allocation; identification of thermal energy source market; analysis of energy market; and planning of power plant retrofits. (LCL)

  20. Nutrient Content in Soils and Adaptability of Corn n Yuanzhou District, Guyuan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] The aim was to research rational fertilization of corn in Yuanzhou District, Guyuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. [Method] Nutrient con- tents in soils in Yuanzhou District were measured with conventional analysis method and the suitable fertilization scheme of corn growth was proposed based on fertiliz- er-application rule of corn growth and nutrient balance. [Result] Soil in farmlands in Yuanzhou District was of alkalinity; organic matter, N, P and Zn were shortage; S was extremely insufficient; Fe and Mn were moderate; K was abundant; Cu would satisfy crop growth, [Conclusion] The research provides references for yield increase, reduction of chemical fertilizer and related pollution for corn growth.

  1. Evaluation of thermal energy storage for the proposed Twin Cities District Heating system. [using cogeneration heat production and aquifiers for heat storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, C. F.

    1980-01-01

    The technical and economic feasibility of incorporating thermal energy storage components into the proposed Twin Cities District heating project was evaluated. The technical status of the project is reviewed and conceptual designs of district heating systems with and without thermal energy storage were compared in terms of estimated capital requirements, fuel consumption, delivered energy cost, and environmental aspects. The thermal energy storage system is based on cogeneration and the storage of heat in aquifers.

  2. The magnitude of intimate partner violence in Brazil: portraits from 15 capital cities and the Federal District

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reichenheim Michael Eduardo

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper concerns the prevalence of intimate partner violence in 15 State capital cities and the Federal District of Brazil. A population-based multi-stage survey in 2002/2003 involved 6,760 15-69-year-old women (respondents. Using the Conflict Tactics Scales - Form R, the overall prevalence of psychological aggression and "minor" and severe physical abuse within couples was 78.3%, 21.5%, and 12.9%, respectively. Prevalence rates varied distinctively between cities. For instance, total physical abuse ranged from 13.2% to 34.8%. On the whole, prevalence was higher in the North and Northeast cities than in the Southeast, South, and Central West. Also, all types of intimate partner violence were more frequent in couples including women who were younger (< 25 years and had less schooling (< 8 years. After stratifying by gender, although women tended to perpetrate at least one act of physical abuse more often, scores were consistently higher among male partners who were perpetrators. The results are compared to international findings. Regional, demographic, and gender differentials are discussed in light of the growing role of the Brazilian health sector in relation to intimate partner violence.

  3. Vulnerability Assessment: The Role of Coastal Informal Settlement Growth to Social Vulnerability in Genuk Sub-District, Semarang City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sariffuddin; Dwi Astuti, Khristiana; Farhaeni, Gustika; Wahdah, Lutfiyatul

    2017-02-01

    Tidal, land subsidence and flooding in Semarang City brought many consequences to the city’s economic and social conditions. In the economic sector, the largest contributor to GDP derives from industries that are located in the coastal area. The environmental problems also affect the ability of social adaptation and vulnerability. This issue encourages the efforts of the public and the government. City conditions are constantly changing force people to adapt for survival, through endogenous. At the same time, the government is trying to help for the same goal, through a variety of urban development. Although it has the same goal, many found gaps, which, if not followed could increase the vulnerability of society and lead social dysfunction. According to of the phenomenon, this article is based on questionnaire surveys, observation, and previous studies in Semarang City. Quantitative data obtained from questionnaire surveys of 133 respondents of the household. The questionnaire distributed in 3 villages in Genuk sub-district, i.e. Terboyo Kulon, Terboyo Wetan, and Trimulyo. Industrialisation in the coastal area is main caused informal settlement hyper growth in the coastal area. For the present study sought to find out how the process of adaptation that naturally affects the vulnerability of communities using qualitative methods. The results showed the social, economic condition is strongly influenced adaptability of society.

  4. Is Decentralization of Control a Partial Answer in Big City School Districts?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham, Luvern L.

    One possible solution to the problems of urban schools--such as student disenchantment, community tension, and teacher aggressiveness--is to give some of the control over school districts back to the communities themselves, that is, to reverse the trend of centralization. Concerning school government, three types of values need to be…

  5. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1985

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City WMD, Hobart Lake NWR, Sibley Lake NWR, Stoney Slough NWR, and Tomahawk NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the...

  6. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1983

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City WMD, Hobart Lake NWR, Sibley Lake NWR, Stoney Slough NWR, and Tomahawk NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the...

  7. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1991

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City WMD, Hobart Lake NWR, Sibley Lake NWR, Stoney Slough NWR, and Tomahawk NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the...

  8. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1984

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City WMD, Hobart Lake NWR, Sibley Lake NWR, Stoney Slough NWR, and Tomahawk NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the...

  9. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1982

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City WMD, Hobart Lake NWR, Sibley Lake NWR, Stoney Slough NWR, and Tomahawk NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the...

  10. Lease Approval and Building Aid for Leased School Buildings and Facilities Located Off School Property (Pursuant to CR 155.8). Instruction Guide for Public School Districts Outside of New York City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of Facilities Planning.

    State regulations allow public school districts outside of New York City to apply for Building Aid on leasing costs involving instructional facilities for grades Pre-K through 12 located off school district property. This guide explains how the districts should proceed when applying for Building Aid on leased facilities. Attached is the…

  11. Development of Urban Agriculture:A Case Study of Qianjin Village,Jiangxia District,Wuhan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We take the case of Qianjin Village,Jiangxia District,Wuhan City,to research how to establish the system of urban agriculture with distinctive features relying on the advantage of urban resources.Under the guidance of guiding ideology,basic principles and overall objectives of urban agriculture development planning,we analyze the specific construction planning of urban agriculture in Qianjin Village,mainly including the construction of growing areas and construction of leisure areas.Then we put forth the security system of development of urban agriculture as follows: land transfer is the prerequisite of development of urban agriculture;policy support is the important foundation of development of urban agriculture; agricultural science and technology is strong support for development of urban agriculture;good leadership is the organizational guarantee for development of urban agriculture;the industrialization of agriculture is the main objective of development of urban agriculture.

  12. Relationship of Nutrition and Physical Activity Behaviors and Fitness Measures to Academic Performance for Sixth Graders in a Midwest City School District

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Jane U.; Mauch, Lois; Winkelman, Mark R.

    2011-01-01

    Background: To support curriculum and policy, a midwest city school district assessed the association of selected categories of nutrition and physical activity (NUTR/PA) behaviors, fitness measures, and body mass index (BMI) with academic performance (AP) for 800 sixth graders. Methods: Students completed an adapted Youth Risk Behavior…

  13. [Correlativity of subtype B viral transmission among elderly HIV-1 infected individuals in Yongding district, Zhangjiajie city, Hunan province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Y Q; Zou, X B; Qin, R; He, J M; Zhang, P F; Jiang, Y; Chen, G M; Yang, Y J; Chen, X

    2016-12-10

    Objective: To investigate the characteristics of transmission correlativity regarding subtype B among elderly HIV-1 infected individuals in Yongding district, Zhangjiajie city, Hunan province and to explore a method on its traceability. Methods: A total of 43 newly diagnosed elderly HIV-1 Infected individuals in Yongding district were enrolled in this study. Pol area genes were amplified and sequenced by 'In house' method. Methods used to analyze the relationship related to HIV individuals transmission would include Bayesian phylogenetic tree and other epidemiological ones. Results: A total of 42 valid sequences were successfully obtained, with predominant strain as subtype B (80.95%, 34/42). All the 42 sequences were gathered into eight clusters. In each cluster, the genetic distance was significantly shorter than the average from the 34 subtype B strains (0.058 3). The HIV-1 infected individuals in one cluster had the same high-risk behaviors and the significantly patchy distributions were identified at the sites where the high-risk behaviors existed. Our results indicated that the local elderly HIV-infected individuals had high level of homology between geographical position and related behaviors. Conclusions: The patchy distribution between geographical position and behavior was associated among the elderly HIV-1 infected individuals. Guidance related to epidemic precise positioning and effective interventions was provided through the findings of this study.

  14. Present Situation and Control Countermeasures of Pesticide Residue on Crops in Yinzhou District of Ningbo City, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    XU Pei-juan

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Tatal of 411 batches of rice, leaf vegetables, fruits, beans, solanums and tubers were sampled monthly, in accordance with related national regulations on 22 detected pesticides in the Yinzhou District, Ningbo City. The results showed that the pesticide detection rate was0.3%, the qualified rate of pesticide residues in agricultural products was 97.82%. Pesticide residues detection accounted for 88.89%. The samples beyond the pesticide residue standard were mainly vegetables from May to October. Leaf vegetables exceeding the standard sample rate reached 3.72%. Pesticide residue samples exceeding the standard were found in retail in plain and coastal areas, but were found in all scale farming in mountainous areas. The rate of exceeding the pesticide residues standard of farmers with primary school education level was4.50%, which was 6.16 times higher than that farmers with university education. In order to reduce the pesticide residual in Yinzhou District,we put forward control countermeasures in 5 aspects.

  15. VECTOR RESISTANCE STATUS OF DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER (Aedes aegypti IN THE SIDOREJO DISTRICT SALATIGA CITY AGAINST TEMEPHOS (ORGANOPHOSPHATES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ary Oktsari Yanti S

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the efforts to control the incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF is contrled thedengue vector larvae using larvasida. The most widely larvasida used to control larvae Ae.aegypti is temephos. In Indonesia 1% temephos (abate 1SG has been used since 1976, and since1980 has been used for the eradication program ofAe. aegypti larvae. The purpose of this studyis to determine the resistance status of vectors of dengue hemorrhagic fever (Ae. aegypti ofendemic, sporadic, and potentially in Sub District Sidorejo Salatiga City to temephos(organofosfat. This research was conducted using experimental research design (TrueExperiment, posttcst design with control groups (posttest-only Control Group Design. Thepopulation of the research were larvae of Ae. aegypti collected from the study area. Samples testlarvae were used of Ae. aegypti third and early fourth instars larvae which were maintenance ofthe first generation. The result showed that the mortality percentages of Ae. aegypti larvaeof endemic, sporadic and potential administratives against temephos using WHO standardconcentration (0,625; 0,125; 0,025 mg/1 indicates the mortality of Ae. aegypti larvae by 100%Based on the status resistance criteria, Ae. aegypti larvae from endemic, sporadic, and potentialadministratives of Sidorejo Sub-District, Salatiga City is still susceptible to temephos.Keywords : Status of resistance, Aedes aegypti. TemephosSalah satu upaya menurunkan Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD adalah melaluipengcndalian jentik vektor DBD dengan larvasida. Larvasida yang digunakan untukmengcndalikan jentik Ae. aegypti adalah temephos. Temephos 1% (abate ISG sudah programdi Indonesia sejak 1976, scjak 1980 telah digunakan secara massal untuk programpemberantasan jentik Ae. aegypti. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui status resistensivektor demam berdarah dengue Ae. aegypti di kclurahan endemis, sporadis, dan potensialKecamatan Sidorejo Kota Salatiga terhadap temephos

  16. Legal-accounting interfaces in law recovery procedures in São Paulo City District Court

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivam Ricardo Peleias

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Judicial reorganization, based on Brazilian Law 11.101/2005, has legal and accounting connections, and is responsible for studying the presence of Accountancy and accountants in six judicial processes, in two bankruptcy and judicial reorganization courts - Fórum João Mendes Jr. – São Paulo city, Brazil. It is a descriptive research, based on documental and content analysis, with the triangulation of interviews with judges, four legal administrators and the analysis of six processes by debtor companies. Accountancy appears in the analysed processes, through the financial statements joined by debtor companies. The accountants act as court appointed experts, helping judges and legal administrators. However, they do not act as managers. It was found the timid presence of Accountancy and accountants in the analyzed processes. Judicial reorganization is deferred without a deep accountant analysis of the joined financial statements, to help the debtor companies.

  17. 刍议城市中心商务区公园规划%Discussion on the City Centre Park Business District Planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    查晓鸣; 周明长

    2014-01-01

    City center business district environment construction should be consistent with ecological principles,has regional, diversity and rationality of self succession development ability,individual interaction between its specific space and real image and including people,can arouse the cultural experience and aesthetic feeling to biological images. Through the relationship between the ecological environment,city park,biology three,forming the common interests between both the natural environment and the human, meet the planning and design of City Center Business District Park City biological scale and human scale of the city.%通过生态环境、城市公园、生物三者之间的关系,形成一种兼顾自然与人之间的共同利益,进而满足城市生物尺度与人性尺度的城市中心商务区公园的规划目标。

  18. Selection of Regional Leading Industry Based on Comparative Advantage——A Case of Xiqing District,Tianjin City,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Development status of agricultural industry in Xiqing District of Tianjin City in China is introduced.The intensive level of agriculture is relatively high in this region;the new-type agriculture develops rapidly;and the sales income of agricultural byproducts is the main source of household income.Based on the principles of market potential,production resources intensity,and associated promotion,a total of 3 indices for measuring the comparative advantage are selected,which are comparative advantage index,scale advantage index,and comprehensive advantage index.Based on the data analysis,competitive industries in this region are determined.Result shows that economic crops and aquaculture industry have relatively great location quotient,but aquaculture is not suitable for Xiqing District,due to its natural condition,industrial tradition and bases,and output value.Therefore,economic crop is selected as the leading industry in Xiqing District.

  19. Tourist Quarter “Chinese-Baroque” of Dao Way District in Harbin City: experience, problems and perspectives of renovation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Levoshko Svetlana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes results of an unique experience of the Dao Wai historic district renovation project in Harbin of the 2010th. It includes an interpretation of the stylistic features of the Dao Wai building. Also, there was made a presumptive conclusion about the origins of the “Chinese Baroque”, which is now famous Dao Wai, combining European order architecture and far Eastern decorative tradition. Presumptive conclusion was based on the construction area observing in 2011-2016 and on the Chinese sources. As a result of renovation, there was formed a new public space with high tourism potential. Social value and status of the Dao Wai has significantly grown. The significant cost increase of real estate and provided services is an essential consequence of the gentrification method. There are were noted increased problems of the native people forced to move from the center to the outskirts of the city. Also, this article analyzes the current stage of the second phase design of Dao Wai renovation project and the perspectives for its implementation.

  20. [Urban habitants' attitudes toward nature-approximating landscape architecture: taking Hongshan District of Wuhan City, China as a case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yu-ping; Zhou, Zhi-xiang; Cai, Shao-ping; Gao, Kai; Jia, Ruo

    2011-07-01

    Nature-approximating landscape architecture (NALA) is a concept of sustainable development as applied to landscape architecture, while the urban habitants' awareness and acceptance of NALA idea is the key for the successful application of NALA. Through semi-structured interview, this paper explored the attitudes of the habitants in Hongshan District of Wuhan City toward the NALA design and management, and the influence of the social-economic characteristics of the responders on their attitudes toward the NALA. A fairly low percentage of the responders approved of the NALA design (10.3% - 46.9%) and management (7.4% - 34.9%). The attitudes towards NALA design were mainly affected by the responders' age, and the attitudes toward NALA management were significantly correlated with the responders' age, educational level, and profession. The efficient cause why a large number of responders did not support the NALA was that these responders attached importance to the aesthetic effect of green space, and preferred cleanliness and order. The lack of related ecological knowledge and environmental awareness was the root cause of the lesser support towards NALA. To establish NALA demonstration bases and to intensify the publicity and education of NALA idea and related ecological knowledge could promote an increasing number of urban habitants actively participating in NALA construction.

  1. Residents’ Willingness to Pay for Household Kitchen Waste Separation Services in Haidian and Dongcheng Districts, Beijing City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yalin Yuan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports a contingent valuation study on household kitchen waste separation (HKWS services via willingness to pay (WTP conducted in the Haidian and Dongcheng districts of Beijing city in 2013. This study focuses on a real program to understand households’ attitudes toward HKWS and to estimate the value of HKWS services. The results of this study revealed that 41.4% agreed to accept the proposed price of HKWS services, while 42.2% refused to pay, but with a positive attitude toward the HKWS program. In addition, respondents’ WTP for proposed HKWS services is significantly related to the level of bid price and their gender, age and education experience. Attitudinal factors that affect resident WTP were also found. For example, respondents who perceive themselves as having a higher ability to conduct HKWS at the source are more willing to pay for their HKWS services, while respondents who complain of the inconvenience of conducting HKWS show negative WTP. The results also showed that on average each household is willing to pay about US$1.44 per month for HKWS services, which is based on 327 respondents after excluding 64 (16.4% of all sample who indicated complete opposition to the HKWS program.

  2. Using Multi-agent System for Residential Expansion Models——A Case Study of Hongshan District, Wuhan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Residential expansion is gaining more and more attention from government authorities and urban planners.However, most of the current urban models focus heavily on presenting economic, political and ecological objectives of urban development, while seldom taking the effects of human behavior into consideration. Multi-agent systems for land use/cover change (MAS/LUCC), which mainly concern the behavioral effects of stakeholders on the processes of land use/cover change, are promising to fill the gap. This article, based on the concepts of MAS/LUCC model, constructs a multi-agent system for residential expansion model (MAS/RE)through the analysis of the behavior of government authorities and households. The model takes complex human actions into account, namely urban master planning, planning review and approval, policies of traffic, economy and environment, location and allocation choices of the households and their interrelationships. Taking Hongshan District of Wuhan City, Hubei Province as an illustration,the model is implemented on Arc/info platform to simulate residential expansion between 1996 and 2002. The study result shows that the model is suitable for understanding the process of residential expansion with the effects of human actions, and is especially effective for its capacity in presenting spatio-temporal and behavioral complexity. Therefore,the model can be a reference for policy-making for government authorities and urban planners.

  3. Aluminum pollution of commercially-available wheaten products in Futian District of Shenzhen City%深圳市福田区市售面制食品中铝污染状况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李可; 曾胜波; 黄旭丽; 杨梅; 周洁; 梁肇海

    2013-01-01

    To investigate the aluminum pollution of commercially-available wheaten products in Futian District of Shenzhen City,and make assessment of qualified rate according to the size of the sales unit.[Methods

  4. Landscape Architecture Features in Urban Junction of Sendvaris District and Klaipėda City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rimvydas Gaudėšius

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Our visual environment consists of natural and anthropogenic landscape. In the areas of a large population concentration architectural elements.grow and strongly affect the natural landscape. Residential housing is one of the key elements changing the environment. Depending on architectural typology the buildings may obstruct weaker or stronger, or even destroy the natural landscape. Lithuania is irrelevant to high-rise building  architecture which is inherent in the population centres of big countries.  China, Japan and the United States try to build high-rise buildings. In Lithuania low-rise buildings dominate, and for this reason there is quite active and chaotic expansion of urban areas into the ones suitable for farming.. At the same time this process changes the  historically established  Lithuanian rural landscape architecture.This article examines the data on current and projected urbanization  which is formed by the detailed planning projects. Architectural features that are typical of villages and their being affected by a new urbanization wave coming from the city of Klaipeda are discussed. Recreational areas in the redesigned residential quarters are presented as a matter of urgency.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.erem.64.2.4018

  5. Road Maintenance Districts, Road Maintenace by General County, County Maintenance District, or City Maintenance, Published in 2009, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Phillips County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Road Maintenance Districts dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2009. It is described as...

  6. Government Districts, Other, City, VIllage and County Voting Districts, Published in 2001, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Lafayette County Land Records.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Government Districts, Other dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2001. It...

  7. Election Districts and Precincts, Taylor Voting Districts, Published in 2010, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, City of Taylor, Texas.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of...

  8. Zoning Districts, HOGARDC has Zoning Districts for many Cities in the Region, Published in 2007, 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, Heart of Georgia Altamaha RDC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Zoning Districts dataset, published at 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2007. It is described as...

  9. Water Districts, Lyon County Rural Water Districts, Published in 2010, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, City of Emporia/Lyon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Water Districts dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2010. It is described as 'Lyon...

  10. Fire and EMS Districts, Lyon County Fire Districts., Published in 2010, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Emporia/Lyon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Fire and EMS Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. It is...

  11. Zoning Districts, Current Zoning Districts; boundaries based on parcel edge or street centerlines, Published in 2010, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, City of Benson, Arizona.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Zoning Districts dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2010. It is described as 'Current...

  12. Allegheny County Council Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset portrays the boundaries of the County Council Districts in Allegheny County. The dataset is based on municipal boundaries and City of Pittsburgh ward...

  13. How relevant is urban planning for the thermal comfort of pedestrians? Numerical case studies in two districts of the City of Dresden (Saxony/Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeri Goldberg

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the effects of different urban planning scenarios on the thermal comfort of pedestrians in two districts of the city of Dresden. A total of three alternatives to reconstruct these districts were created by considering realistic approaches for urban planning projections in the next ten years. These alternatives include the development and densification of existing buildings as well as the greening of undeveloped areas or the reduction of existing green areas. Based on these planning alternatives, micro-meteorological conditions as well as bioclimatic indices within the chosen city districts of Dresden for a hot summer day were simulated with a combination of the 3D microclimatic model ENVI-met and the bioclimatic model Rayman. Using both, potential air temperature (T and the bioclimatic index UTCI (Universal Thermal Comfort Index, spatial distribution at different times of the day, the cumulative thermal stress conditions at both exposed "receptor" points and on a virtual course of pedestrians through the inner city of Dresden, were analysed. Simulation results clearly show the local reduction of T and UTCI due to the shading effect of denser vegetation or building structures during the daytime. For example, a greening of an industrial wasteland locally reduces T and UTCI in the early afternoon of a hot and sunny summer day by up to 2 and 14 K, respectively. The same increase in T and UTCI can be found in non-shaded partitions of this area if it is sparsely rebuilt. At night, areas with widespread building placement show a higher T and UTCI (up to 1 and 4 K, respectively, and areas with dense vegetation are cooler (0.1 to 0.4 K than open areas. Due to the small extension of modified urban structures, the mean effect over the complete area amounts to only a fraction of a degree at most. The simulation results demonstrate that a greening of urban wastelands has primarily positive effects (that means cooling on thermal

  14. Rural resident household food consumption patterns in the Ganzhou district of Zhangye city:an analysis based on ELES Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Demand for food plays an important role in the adjustment of prices for agricultural products and for adjusting agricultural structure.By using the extended linear expenditure system(ELES),we analyzed the food consumption structure of rural residents in the Ganzhou district of Zhangye city,and determined the basic food-consumption demand,the marginal propensity of consumption,the income elasticities of demand,and the own-price and cross-price elasticities of local rural residents,all of which illustrate the influencing factors on food consumption of rural residents and for forecasting the food-consumption structure.Those analyses show the following:the rural residents’ expenditure on household basic food consumption reaches about 7,050.35 Yuan;the marginal propensities of consumption of fruits and vegetables are relatively high(0.062 and 0.106,respectively),followed by meat(0.044);the demands for various foods are increasing as income increases,with the largest income elasticity of demand corresponding to fruits(1.354) and the lowest to cereal(0.310);fruits and vegetables have relatively high own-price elasticities(respectively-0.879 and-0.442),with the cereal having the lowest one(-0.184).An increase in cereal prices would greatly affect demand for other products;with the rising size of rural households,the consumption for meat is decreasing whereas it is increasing for cereal.The improvement of household education levels will lead to the increase of fruit consumption(E = 0.297),which indicates that people will pay more attention to diet and nutrition structure with the improvement of education.Further,although the amount of cereal expenditure is continually growing,the share will be declining with the increase of household income in 2006-2012.For all these reasons,therefore,the government should encourage the cultivation of economic crops and guide the development of stockbreeding to ensure the stability of cereal output.In order to attain the balance between

  15. Analysis of costs and scarce fuel savings associated with nine Eastern and North Central center city conversions to a district energy system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davis, A.A.; Santini, D.J.; Marder, S.M.; Bernow, S.S.

    1979-02-01

    This study considers the major urbanized areas of nine US cities to arrive at rough estimates of costs required to retrofit them with district energy systems (DES). Only those costs associated with heating and hot water are addressed here. Demand estimates and energy-supply analyses are made, and component capital costs are estimated to arrive at annualized system costs. Finally, a comparison of alternative energy-delivery options is made, and estimates of scarce-fuel savings are derived. 49 references, 20 figures, 14 tables.

  16. Issues concerning Migrant Workers’ Participation in the New Rural Cooperative Medical System and Countermeasures——Based on the Survey in Wenjiang District and Jintang County, Chengdu City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We conduct questionnaire survey of migrant workers in Wenjiang District and Jintang County of Chengdu City,respectively,using the method of key-point investigation and the sampling survey. We describe the status quo of the sample migrant workers’ participation in the New Rural Cooperative Medical System,analyze the issues concerning migrant workers’ participation in the New Rural Cooperative Medical System,and put forward the countermeasures and recommendations as follows: using many types of medical insurance; establishing universal reimbursement points in strange land and premium-paying system for migrant workers; making the proportion of reimbursement open and transparent; establishing and improving medicare security system for migrant workers.

  17. Estimation of the time of death of decomposed or skeletonized bodies found outdoors in cold season in Sapporo city, located in the northern district of Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matoba, Kotaro; Terazawa, Koichi

    2008-03-01

    In Sapporo city, located in the northern district of Japan, it is very difficult to estimate the time of death of decomposed or skeletonized bodies found outdoors in cold season (November-April) because postmortem changes are markedly retarded in the season compared with warm season (May-October), and the bodies are often damaged and skeletonized by carnivorous animals such as wild dogs and foxes. However, they cannot damage the brain in the cranium. The brain is mainly damaged by fly larvae. In Sapporo city, we can estimate that the time of death of a cadaver found outdoors in the cold season is in the beginning of November or before if fly larvae hatched in autumn exist on the cadaver, and that the time of death is in the beginning of November or after if fly larvae hatched in autumn do not exist and most of the brain remains in the cranium.

  18. Road Maintenance Districts, Road maintenance for resurfacing projects data located in Transportation database, Published in unknown, City of Roswell, GA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Road Maintenance Districts dataset as of unknown. It is described as 'Road maintenance for resurfacing projects data located in Transportation database'. Data...

  19. Zoning Districts, Junction City, Published in 2008, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Zoning Districts dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2008. It is described as...

  20. Zoning Districts, Taylor Zoning Map, Published in 2011, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, City of Taylor, Texas.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Zoning Districts dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2011. It is described...

  1. Election Districts and Precincts, Wicomico County Councilmanic Districts, City of Salisbury Voting Districts, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Salisbury Wicomico County Department of Planning, Zoning & Community Development.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2008. It is...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, Jurisdictional Townships created for Taxing Districts, Published in 2010, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, City of Emporia/Lyon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. It...

  3. Government Districts, Other - MO 2014 Springfield Conditional Overlay Districts (SHP)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Conditional Overlay District polygons for the City of Springfield, inside city limits only. Created and maintained by the GIS Division of the Information Systems...

  4. Zoning Districts - MO 2011 Springfield Conditional Overlay Districts (SHP)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Conditional Overlay District polygons for the City of Springfield, inside city limits only. Created and maintained by the GIS Division of the Information Systems...

  5. 76 FR 12720 - City of Escondido, CA, and Vista Irrigation District; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-08

    ... District (Vista). e. Name of Project: Escondido Hydroelectric Project. f. Location: On the San Luis Rey... also occupies 66 acres of Indian reservation lands owned by the La Jolla, San Pasqual, and Rincon... storage reservoirs (Lake Henshaw on San Luis Rey River and Lake Wohlford on Escondido Creek) with...

  6. City-county synchronized monitoring system of forest resources in the city with districts under its jurisdiction%设区市森林资源市县联动监测体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国江; 季碧勇; 王文武; 方炎杰; 李佐晖

    2011-01-01

    A city-county synchronized monitoring system of forest resources in the city with districts under its jurisdiction was built in Hangzhou by the integrated application of permanent sample monitoring, archive updating, supplementary investigations, re-measured investigations and model projections, Markov transition model estimation, linear regression estimation and other monitoring methods.The study indicated that the monitoring system was composed of the sample survey and monitoring system at city level and dynamic forest resources monitoring system at a county-level.The city level monitoring offered a macroscopic view by sampling monitoring, and the county level dynamic monitoring was to update the subcompartment data of counties which were under the jurisdiction of Hangzhou.Through this monitoring, the researchers gained not only the forest resource data of Hangzhou City but also the forest resource data of counties under the jurisdiction of the city at the same period.Practices had proved that the city-county synchronized monitoring system of forest resources in the city with districts under its jurisdiction could be effectively integrated into the existing monitoring system to realize a synchronized monitoring of the forest resources at the city and county levels.%综合运用固定样地监测、森林资源档案更新、补充调查、复位调查、模型更新、马尔科夫转移模型估计和线性回归估计等监测方法,以杭州市为研究地,探讨构建设区市森林资源市县联动监测体系.研究表明:设区市森林资源市县联动监测体系可由市级抽样控制调查监测体系和县级二类调查动态监测体系两部分组成,市级抽样控制调查监测以宏观性监测为主,县级二类调查动态监测主要是通过与市级抽样控制调查联动,采用不同数据更新方法,对各县域副总体的二类调查数据进行更新.通过监测,不仅取得了设区市总体森林资源数据,而且获取了同

  7. District heating and cooling systems for communities through power plant retrofit and distribution network, city of Piqua, Ohio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-01-01

    The feasibility analysis and evaluation of the Piqua, Ohio District Heating and Cooling Demonstration program is being conducted by the Piqua Municipal Power Co., the Piqua Law Dept., the Public Works Dept., a firm of economic analysts, and the Georgia Tech Engineering Dept. This volume contains information on the organization and composition of the demonstration team; characterization of the Piqua community; and the technical, environmental, institutional; financial, and economic assessments of the project. (LCL)

  8. Dental Caries Prevalence in the Children of the District of Mosqueiro in the City of Belém, State of Pará, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helder Henrique Costa PINHEIRO

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The study had the objective to check the dental caries prevalence in the children attend by the communitarian agents of health of the Program Health of the Family of the District of Mosqueiro, City of Belém, State of Pará, Brazil, with the purpose of subsidizing the projection of the actions of promotion, prevention and treatment of the staff of oral health. Method: 887 children were examined in the age groups from 18 to 36 months, 5 years and 12 years of age in accordance with the standards recommended by the WHO, checking the events of the caries in the studied population. Results: The caries prevalence in the population of the district of Mosqueiro to 18-36 months of age was 31.68%, progressing in spite of passing the ages, brought near attacking 63.69% of the 12-year-old children. The decayed, to be extracted, filled index (DEF index to five years found in Mosqueiro went of 3.57 and the decayed, missing, filled index (DMF index to 12 years went of 1,80. Regarding the marks proposed by the World Health Organization for the year of 2000, the reached only one was in the age of 12-year-old children, in which the DMF index of 1,80 was less than three. Conclusion: The caries prevalence in the population of Mosqueiro is due to implement effective actions for the control of the disease in this territory.

  9. GIS-BASED ANALYSIS OF URBAN LAND-USE CHANGES--A Case Study of Haizhu District of Guangzhou City,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    This paper describes a GIS-based spatial analysis method that combines qualitative analysis and quantita-tive analysis to characterize land-use patterns and predict the trend of future land-use changes in Haizhu District ofGuangzhou City, China. Spatial technique is introduced to manage land-use data and derive information of land-usechanges. Through the case study for the selected area, it is demonstrated that the method and technique introduced in thepaper can be effectively utilized for the analysis of urban land-use changes. Based upon this analysis, the paper also pro-vides discussions and recommendation on urban land-use planning, urban planning and land management. Both land-usemaps of Haizhu District of Guangzhou in 1995 and 1997 and the remote sensing images of 1999 are utilized in the cur-rent research. It is convenient to get various statistic data and to combine attribute data with spatial data so as to analyzeland-use changes in a geographic context, which is especially suitable for the need of urban construction department, ur- ban management department and urban planning department.

  10. Parking System Improvement Strategies for Old Districts in Huangshi City%黄石市老城区停车系统改善策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晏勇

    2014-01-01

    Aiming at the worsening parking problems and limited space for more parking facilities in older districts of a city, this paper conducts a study on the parking system improvement strategies. The transporta-tion development and existing parking conditions in Huangshi city are introduced first followed by the analysis of the parking problems. Through proposing a general framework of parking system improvement in old districts, the paper illustrates the improvement strategies in three development levels: establishing feedback cycle between travel demand and land use development, and implementing differentiating park-ing supply at macro level;developing parking improvement strategies for high density business district, en-hancing traffic impact assessment system, and promoting parking construction compensation at interim lev-el; and prioritizing distribution of parking facilities, promoting parking fee management and developing parking guidance system at micro level.%针对老城区停车问题突出且增加停车设施供给空间有限的现状,研究老城区停车系统改善策略。首先分析黄石市老城区的交通概况及停车现状,探讨其停车难问题的原因。在提出老城区停车系统总体改善框架的基础上,分别探讨宏观、中观、微观三个层面的停车系统改善策略。宏观层面,提出建立交通分析与用地开发的反馈机制、实行停车“差异化”供给。中观层面,提出商业密集区停车改善策略、强化交通影响评价制度和推行停车配建建设补偿制度。微观层面,提出优化停车设施布局、实行停车收费管理以及建设停车诱导系统。

  11. The SWOT analysis and countermeasure research on the development of the tourism industry in the new district of Wuyi city%武夷新区旅游产业发展的SWOT分析及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄丽华

    2013-01-01

    The new district of wuyi city emerging as a new growth area of nanping city, and future of rising urban centre and the emerging industrial base, as a"world heritage site, green eco-city", low carbon energy saving, green environmental protection have become a topic of the development of the new district of wuyi city. Low carbon, environmental protection should be highlighted when choosing the leading industry, this paper used the SWOT analysis method, analyzed the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and challenges of the development in the new district of wuyi city choosing tourism industry as the leading industry, and put forward proposals about raising awareness, improving market share, improving tourist attraction of the development of tourism industry in the new district of wuyi city.%武夷新区作为南平市的新增长区域、未来的新兴中心城市和新兴产业基地,定位为“世界遗产地、绿色生态城”,低碳节能、环保绿色已成为武夷新区发展的主题。在选择主导产业时,更要突出低碳、环保,文章运用SWOT分析法,分析论证了武夷新区选择旅游产业作为主导产业发展的优势、劣势、机遇和挑战,并对武夷新区旅游产业发展,就提高知名度、提升市场占有率、提升游客吸引力等方面提出对策建议。

  12. Risk screening for exposure to groundwater pollution in a wastewater irrigation district of the Mexico City region.

    OpenAIRE

    Downs, T J; Cifuentes-García, E; Suffet, I M

    1999-01-01

    Untreated wastewater from the Mexico City basin has been used for decades to irrigate cropland in the Mezquital Valley, State of Hidalgo, Mexico. Excess irrigation water recharges the near-surface aquifer that is used as a domestic water supply source. We assessed the groundwater quality of three key groundwater sources of domestic water by analyzing for 24 trace metals, 67 target base/neutral/acid (BNA) organic compounds, nontarget BNA organics, 23 chlorinated pesticides, 20 polychlorinated ...

  13. Perspectives of increasing energy efficiency on designing new and reconstruction of present city districts: World experiences and local recommendations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pucar Mila

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available With 20th century along came a significant increase of energy consumption and a serious ecological crisis caused by the extensive usage of fossil fuels (oil, coal. Because of that, many countries have declared regulations to lower the traditional energy consumption and to stimulate usage of renewable energy sources. This problem is particularly evident in residential buildings sector, because over 50% of the overall energy produced is slinked in this way. This paper gives methodological recommendations regarding the principles of energy efficient housing and general comfort improvement as well as evident advantages of passive solar panels compared to traditional energy sources (fossil fuels. These possibilities are considered in two different scenarios: reconstruction of already built city blocks, and energy efficient implementation in case of brand new structures. This paper considers two different case studies, one reconstructive - a city block in France, built in the mid 60’s and the other of energy efficient settlement in Greece "Solar Village", built in the 80’s, which was designed by bioclimatic principles from the very beginning. Energy efficient planning and design methodological recommendations based on these two examples are regarding the New Belgrade block 7/3, which has been built in the 50’s.

  14. Formation of City-Lake Integrated Urban Morphology in Hangzhou: A Study on the Related History Starting from the New Market Plan of the Lakefront District in Early Modern Times

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fu; Shulan; Yukio; Nishimura; Qian; Fang

    2015-01-01

    In the early modern times in China, local planners have made several construction plans for Hangzhou’s old city center and the West Lake, resulting in the gradual formation of a city-lake integrated urban form, which is valued nowadays for its uniqueness and characteristically Chinese cityscape aesthetics. The key plan that spurred this process of linking the old city with the West Lake was a plan titled "Building a New Market"(1914). By elucidating the time, process, and contents of the plan, this paper analyzes the spatial transformation of the lakefront districts based on old maps, and then interprets how it led the forming process of the "city-lake integrated" urban form in Hangzhou.

  15. Heavy metals in road dust from Xiandao District, Changsha City, China: characteristics, health risk assessment, and integrated source identification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Fei; Zhang, Jingdong; Huang, Jinhui; Huang, Dawei; Yang, Jun; Song, Yongwei; Zeng, Guangming

    2016-07-01

    The physicochemical properties and the contents of metals (Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Cr, and Fe) in 51 road dust samples from Xiandao District (XDD) were investigated. Enrichment factor (EF), multivariate statistics, geostatistics, and health risk assessment model were adopted to study the spatial pollution pattern and to identify the priority pollutants and regions of concern and sources of studied metals. The mean EFs revealed the following order: Cd > Zn ≈ Pb ≈ Cu > Cr. For non-carcinogenic effects, the exposure pathway which resulted in the highest levels of exposure risk for children and adults was ingestion, followed by dermal contact and inhalation. Hazard index (HI) values for the studied metals at each site were within the safe level of 1 except maximum HI Cr (1.08) for children. The carcinogenic risk (CR) for Cd and Cr at each site was within the acceptable risk level (1E-06) except CR Cr (1.08E-06) for children in the road intersection between the Changchang highway and the Yuelin highway. Cr was identified as the priority pollutant followed by Pb and Cd with consideration of the local population distribution. Spatially, northwest and northeast of XDD were regarded as the priority regions of concern. Results based on the proposed integrated source identification method indicated that Pb was probably sourced from traffic-related sources, Cd was associated with the dust organic material mainly originated from industrial sources, and Cr was mainly derived from both sources.

  16. Excavation on the Halazhuang Site in Baodi District, Tianjin City%天津市宝坻区哈喇庄遗址的发掘

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅鹏云; 陈雍; 纪列敏; 张俊生; 刘建; 邸明

    2005-01-01

    In May to July 1997, the former Archaeological Department of Tianjin Municipal Museum of History excavated on a site at Halazhuang Village of Huogezhuang Township in Baodi District, Tianjing City. Within the area of above 170,000 sq m the site occupies, they revealed a house-foundation, 61 ash-pits, six ash-trenches and four tombs, and brought to light mainly pottery and porcelain. The pottery is largely of gray clay ware and belongs chiefly to the jar, basin, urn and fu cauldron types. The porcelain is principally white ware and includes dishes, bowls, and a small number of black-glazed articles. Judging from the unearthed objects, the site contains cultural deposits roughly of the late Liao, early Jin, and late Jin to early Yuan periods, with those of the latter two phases as the main remains. It can be preliminarily inferred that the site was a village from the late Liao to the early Yuan, which was abandoned and became a cemetery in the early Ming period.

  17. [Ecological risk assessment of human activity of rapid economic development regions in southern Jiangsu, China: a case study of Dantu District of Zhenjiang City].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Guang-Ling; Xiang, Bao; Wang, Bao-Liang; Jin, Xia; Hu, Yu; Zhang, Li-Kun

    2014-04-01

    This article investigated the spatiotemporal variation of landscape ecological risk in Dantu District of Zhenjiang City with statistical method based on the ETM remote sensing data in 2000 and 2005, and the TM remote sensing data in 2010, and quantitative index of regional ecological risk assessment was established with the employment of landscape index, so as to enhance the ecosystem management, prevent and reduce the regional ecological risk in southern Jiangsu with rapid economic development. The results showed that the fragmentations, divergence, and ecological losses of natural landscape types, such as forestland, wetland, waters, etc., were deteriorated with the expansion of built-up lands from 2000 to 2010. The higher ecological risk zone took up 5.7%, 9.0%, and 10.2% of the whole region in 2000, 2005, and 2010, respectively, which mainly distributed in the plain hilly region. During the study period, the area aggravating to the higher ecological risk zone was approximately 296.2 km2, 48% of the whole region. The ecological risk rose up in most of the region. The interference of rapid economic development to landscape patterns was even more intensive, with obvious spatial differences in ecological risk distribution. The measures of exploiting resources near the port, utilizing natural wetlands, constructing industrial parks, and rapid urbanization, etc., intensified the ecological risk and accelerated the conversion rate. Prompt strategies should be established to manage the ecological risk of this region.

  18. Effect of Air Pollutants on Rain Water Characteristics in Hammam Al-Aleel District/ Al-Erej Village South of Mosul City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayad F. Qasim

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This study focused on Hammam Al-Aleel district/ Al-Erej village which is located south of Mosul city. This area has been suffering from spreading the air-pollutants resulted from the chimneys of Hammam Al-Aleel cement factories. Different areas were chosen for collecting samples of the rain water from December 2008 to March 2009. The study showed that rain-water is generally basic. The tests show an increase in ( EC, Mg+2, Ca+2, Cl-1, SO4-2 and NO-1,  due to the air pollutants emitted from local industries. The concentration of heavy elements represented by  Pb and Cd were high and this increase is due to the source of these elements from burning of the crude oil which is used in running the rotating kiln to produce the clinker in cement factory, In addition to the fuel used for  running vehicle and the friction between tires and  road.

  19. EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PROGRAM OF EMPOWERMENT OF THE WOMEN RESIDING AT THE COASTAL AREA OF AMPENAN DISTRICT, MATARAM CITY, LOMBOK IMPLEMENTED IN THE FORM OF LIFE SKILLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Putu Listiawati

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The program of the empowerment of the women living in Mataram City implemented inthe form of life skills including vocational skill, social skill, and personal skill has been carriedout since 2001. In reality, the attempts already made could not improve the well-being of thewomen in Mataram City in general and the women living along the coastal area of Ampenan,South Ampenan District and Banjar District in particular. Based on the background mentionedabove, the researcher was interested in exploring the effectiveness of the program of theempowerment provided in the form life skills. Three problems are formulated in this research.They are (1 how effective the implementation of the empowerment program of the womenresiding at the coastal area of Ampenan District was?; (2 what factors contributed to theeffectiveness of the empowerment program of the women residing at the coastal area?; (3 whatwere the effects and meanings of the effectiveness of the empowerment program of the womenresiding at the coastal area? The theories employed to answer the problems formulated above arethe theory of post feminism by Ann Brooks, the theory of social practice by Bourdieu and thetheory of power/knowledge by Foucault. The theories were eclectically applied. The qualitativemethod was employed in this study and the data needed were collected by the techniques ofobservation, in-depth interview, Focus Group Discussion (hereon abbreviated to FGD,documentation and library research.The results of the study show that (1 the program of the empowerment of the womenliving in the coastal area was ineffective; (2 the factors which contributed to the effectivenessof the empowerment of the women living along the coastal area are economic capital, culturalcapital, socio culture and symbolic culture; (3 the effects of the effectiveness of theempowerment program were on the skills acquired, the income earned, the independenceacquired, the environment where they live and their pattern

  20. DENGUE VECTOR CONTROL BEHAVIOR IN PRIMARY SCHOOL COMMUNITY IN TEMBALANG DISTRICT, SEMARANG CITY=PENGENDALIAN VEKTOR DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE PADA KOMUNITAS SEKOLAH DASAR DI KECAMATAN TEMBALANG, KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aryani Pujiyanti

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available ENGLISHAbstractTembalang district was a Dengue endemic area in Semarang City that had a highest incidence rate of Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF in 2010. Aedes vector control behavior was still low. School community’s vector control behavior played a role in dengue prevention programs in schools. The purpose of the study was to identify knowledge, attitude and behavior of dengue vector control in primary school community. This study used across sectional design. Samples were 107 primary school teachers and janitors in Tembalang District, Semarang City in 2011. Sampel was choosed with proportional random sampling method. Data were collected through interviews using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed descriptively (univariat analysis. Results showed that school community awareness in dengue transmission was low because respondents did not know about secondary infection of DHF and the existence of Aedes mosquito that perceived unserious in community. Respondents did not feel as risk population because dengue was understood as a disease that attacked school children rather than adults. The effectiveness of mosquito nest eradication (PSN for vector control activity in Tembalang District did not have positive response from school community. Vector control and biting prevention in school environment were need improvement. This study recommended health promotion to DHF infection, mosquito nest eradication activities, and DHF vector behavior for teacher and janitorsINDONESIANAbstrakKecamatan Tembalang merupakan wilayah endemis DBD dengan angka kesakitan DBD tertinggi di Kota Semarang pada Tahun 2010.Perilaku pengendalian jentik nyamuk Aedes di lingkungan sekolah di Kecamatan Tembalang masih rendah. Pemahaman komunitas sekolah terhadap upaya pengendalian vektor ikut berperan dalam program pencegahan DBD di sekolah.Tujuan penelitian adalah mengidentifikasi pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku pengendalian vektor DBD pada komunitas sekolah dasar

  1. Analysis on death causes of residents in three districts of Baoding City%2009-2010年保定市3个区居民死因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔立周; 焦东燕; 刘玉荣; 马继飞

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To understand and master the mortality rate, main causes of death and disease burden of residents in three districts of Baoding City, in order to develop the reasonable development planning of health service, as well as effective prevention and control measures. [Methods] The information of death of residents in three districts of Baoding City from 2009-2010 were investigated and analyzed. [ Results] During 2009-2010, the mortality rate in males (385.3/lakh) was higher than that in females {283.4/lakh) in three districts of Baoding City, and the top four causes of death were heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, lung cancer and accidental death. [ Conclusion ] The main causes of death of residents in three districts of Baoding City are circulatory system diseases and respiratory diseases.%目的 为了解和掌握保定市3个区居民的死亡率、主要死因和疾病负担,以便合理制定卫生事业发展规划和有效的预防控制对策和措施.方法 对保定市3个区2009-2010年居民死亡信息进行调查整理.结果 2009-2010年保定市3个区居民男性死亡率(385.3/10万)高于女性(283.4/10万);前4位死因依次为心脏病、脑血管病、肺癌及意外死亡.结论 循环系统和呼吸系统疾病是保定市3个区居民死亡的主要原因.

  2. Police Districts, City of Wichita Police Department bureau, beat, and reporting area boundaries. Primary attributes include reporting, beat, and bureau. Used for Public Safety map rolls. Published to wibeat_a.shp and wibure_a.shp, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Sedgwick County, Kansas.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Police Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as 'City of...

  3. Population Densities of Birds Breeding in Urbanized Habitats in the Grabiszyn District in the City of Wrocław

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kopij Grzegorz

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Studies were carried out in 2010 by mean of simplified version of the mapping method. The study area (395 ha was located close to the city centre. It comprised a mosaic of urbanized habitats, with a clear dominance of green areas, such as parks (41.1 ha, gardens, cemeteries and tree clumps. A total of 48 breeding bird species were recorded in the whole study area. The most common (<25 pairs/100 ha were Passer domesticus, Passer montanus, Sturnus vulgaris, Parus caeruleus, Parus major, Apus apus and Columba livia. Numerous (7-15 pairs/100 ha were also the following species: Columba palumbus, Turdus pilaris, Sylvia atricapilla, Serinus serinus, Turdus merula and Pica pica. Insectivorous birds were the most common birds constituting 63.3%, and granivorous -32.6% of all pairs recorded. Most birds nested in tree holes (39.3%, in/on buildings (30.2% and in trees/shrubs (25.6%. Distribution of breeding pairs of 23 bird species was presented on maps. Population trends for 17 species were documented. Rapid increase in numbers of Turdus pilaris, Corvus cornix and Phoenicurus phoenicurus and decrease of Pica pica were recorded.

  4. Human Resources and Vaccine Management at Provincial Health Office, District/City Health Office and Primary Health Centre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Leny Susyanty

    2015-03-01

    (GAIN UCI 2010–2014 stated that the general problems of decline in immunization coverage and quality of service were caused by several things, one of which is the lack of quantity, quality and distribution of human resources. Methods: A cross-sectional mix-method study to investigate human resources in vaccine management had been conducted in two provinces in 2012. Primary data were collected by interviewing stakeholders thoroughly, secondary data collection and observation were also carried out. Analysis was done by scoring for data concerning education, length of employment, training experience and knowledge. Result:The number of Vaccine management officers are still lacking. While the immunization guidelines required minimal two officers for each health centers. Officers’ knowledge in primary health centers is still inadequate, especially in terms of the vaccine and Coldchain (Ice Lined Refrigerators. Officers at Provincial Health Office had been trained in vaccine management, but not all officers at District Health Office and Primary Health Centers had received training yet. Suggestion: This study suggests the addition of the quantity and quality of human resources in vaccine management, because the officers can affect the quality of the vaccines, because vaccines need a special handling to maintain the quality to provide immunity and prevent the occurrence of diseases that can be prevented by immunization (PD3I.Key words: vaccine, human resources, training, knowledge

  5. 深圳市南山区企业的职业病危害因素%Investigation of Occupational Hazards in Nanshan District of Shenzhen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜立民; 朱震忠; 郑曼莹

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析深圳市南山区职业病危害因素,为更好地做好职业病预防工作提供科学依据.方法 将截至到2010年7月深圳市南山区职业病危害申报和职业卫生监督资料用Excel建立数据库,进行整理、分析、统计.结果 辖区危害企业数居前3位的是通信设备计算机及其他电子设备制造业、纺织服装鞋帽制造业、电气机械及器材制造业,接害人数居前3位的是通信设备计算机及其他电子设备制造业、纺织服装鞋帽制造业、金属制品业.化学毒物级别以Ⅱ和Ⅰ级为主.高毒物品企业数和接触高毒物品人数居前3位的是通信设备计算机及其他电子设备制造业、电气机械及器材制造业、专用设备制造业.结论将主要行业、接害人数、高毒物品等作为综合考察的依据进行分级分类,职业病的防制应紧抓危害严重的重点行业和地区,加强监督、监测管理.%[Objective]To analyze the occupational hazards in Nanshan District of Shenzhen City, and to provide scientific evidence for better prevention and control of occupational diseases. [ Methods] ] Excel was used to form a database in arranging and analyzing the data collected from occupational hazardous report and occupational hygienic supervision of Nanshan District up to July 2010. [Results]The Top 3 enterprises with occupational hazard in Nanshan District were manufacturers of communication equipment com-puter and other electronic equipment, textiles manufacturers, manufacturers of electrical machinery and equipment. The Top 3 in number of hazard-explored workers were manufacturers of communication equipment computer and other electronic equipment, tex-tiles manufacturers, metal manufactories. Chemical toxicants range of degree was primarily concentrated in Ⅱ and Ⅰ. The Top 3 en-terprises with highly toxic products and hazard-explored workers were manufacturers of communication equipment computer and other electronic

  6. Assessment of raw milk quality and stakeholders' awareness on milk-borne health risks in Arusha City and Meru District, Tanzania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngasala, J Uma Bukuku; Nonga, Hezron Emmanuel; Mtambo, Mkumbukwa Madundo Angelo

    2015-06-01

    A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the quality of raw milk and stakeholders' awareness on milk-borne health risks and factors for poor milk hygiene in Arusha City and Meru District, Tanzania between October and December 2012. A total of 105 smallholder dairy farmers, milk vendors and milk retailers were interviewed, and milk samples were collected for physical, microbial and antibiotic residue analysis using standard procedures. Questionnaire results indicated high level of awareness (94 %) that drinking raw milk can predispose consumers to milk-borne diseases; nevertheless, 65 % of respondents consumed raw milk. Physicochemical analyses showed some of the milk had sediments (20 %), bad smell (21 %) and had clotted on alcohol test (27 %). About 36 % of milk samples had pH below 6.6, and 25 % had specific gravity below 1.028 g/ml. The mean total viable count (TVC) of milk from vendors is significantly (P milk samples assessed had a higher TVC than the level recommended (2.0 × 10(5) cfu/ml) by the East African Community (EAC) standards. Up to 91 % of the milk samples had bacterial growth that included Eschericia coli (66 %), Staphylococcus aureus (33 %), Corynebacterium (11 %) and Pseudomonas (10 %). All smallholder dairy farmers were aware of drug residues, but majority (57 %) were unaware of human health effects caused by veterinary drug residues in milk. Up to 97 % of respondents reported to comply with drug withdrawal periods. This possibly led to all milk samples analysed to be negative from detectable levels of antibiotic residues. It is concluded that the level of awareness on milk quality is high, although practices associated with milking and post-harvest handling predispose milk to bacterial contamination which is a public health risk to milk consumers.

  7. Allegheny County School District Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset demarcates the school district boundaries within Allegheny County If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data Center’s open...

  8. Special Taxing Districts, TaxEntities2006-Tax entities include all incorporated bodies that have the power to levy a local property tax such as school districts, counties, cities, special service districts, redevelopment districts, etc. This dataset were first created through a co, Published in 2002, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, State of Utah Automated Geographic Reference Center.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Special Taxing Districts dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2002. It is described as...

  9. Legislative Districts - House Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This layer represents the Arkansas State House of Representatives district boundaries adopted by the Arkansas Board of Apportionment on July 29, 2011. The Board of...

  10. Legislative Districts - Senate Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This layer represents the Arkansas State Senate district boundaries adopted by the Arkansas Board of Apportionment on July 29, 2011. The Board of Apportionment,...

  11. Police Districts, Lyon County Law Enforcement Response Districts. This data is used by 911 call centers to dispatch law enforcement., Published in 2011, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Emporia/Lyon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Police Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2011. It is described as 'Lyon...

  12. 无锡市锡山区职业卫生现况调查分析%Occupational health status in Xishan District of Wuxi City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成小林; 陈宇炼; 朱玮

    2013-01-01

    目的 调查2009-2011年无锡市锡山区职业卫生现状,提出相应的职业卫生管理对策.方法 以调查表和信息系统抽样调查相结合的方式对不同行业进行调查.结果 全区职业危害单位主要集中在化工、纺织和机械行业;大中型企业职业卫生管理措施较好,但小型企业较差.超标率:物理因素为27.37%,生产性粉尘为23.58%,化学毒物为3.21%.机械行业(33.33%)和建材行业(66.67%)生产性粉尘点超标率较高,纺织行业(40.40%)、机械行业(33.71%)、交通行业(30.50%)和轻工行业(33.09%)噪声点超标率较高.职业病危害因素中矽尘(78.26%)、一氧化氮(33.33%)、噪声(27.57%)和碳黑尘(25.00%)点超标率较高,其中矽尘超标最严重.2009-2011年,检出疑似职业病46人,确诊职业病112人,以机械行业职业病检出最多(82.14%),锡山区职业病类型以尘肺病为主(75%).结论 锡山区总体职业卫生状况仍存在较大问题,应加强重点行业的监管,加强职业病的监测和预警.%[Objective] To investigate the current situation of the occupational health in Xishan District of Wuxi City,and put forward a corresponding strategy for the management of occupational health.[Methods] A combined method with the questionnaire and sampling survey of the information system was adopted to investigate different industries.[Results] The occupational hazard units mainly existed in the chemical industry,textile and machinery industry of this district.The managerial actions of occupational health in the large and medium sized enterprises were preferable to others,but the small enterprises were a little worse; the over standard rate of the physical factors was 27.37%,that of the productive dust and the chemical poisons was 23.58% and 3.21%,respectively ; the over standard rate of the productive dust in machinery industry (33.33%) and building materials industry (66.67%) was a little higher; the over

  13. Council Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Town of Cary, North Carolina — View the location of the Town of Cary’s four Town Council districts.Please note that one district, District A, is split into two geo-spatial areas. One area is in...

  14. Smoking among Middle Students in Huairou District of Beijing City%北京市怀柔区中学生吸烟情况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫瑾; 张涛

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the smoking status of middle school students in Huairou District of Beijing City, to explore the school tobacco control mode, to reduce school students smoking rate, and provide a scientific basis for creating smoke-free schools. [ Methods] According to the classification of primary and secondary school in Beijing, completely random sampling method was adopted to select 3 secondary schools, 3 high schools, and 1 vocational high school in Huairou District. Cluster sampling was conducted in each grade to meet the needs of sample size. The study required the gender ratio of 1:1 in each school as far as possible. [Results]The survey results showed that attempting smoking rate and current smoking rates were 29.7% and 17.2% which were basically in line with the national level. [Conclusion] Smoking status of middle school students can not be ignored. Government and education departments should develop targeted smoking control policy in line with the characteristics of students to guide the activities related to health hazards of smoking in schools so as to reduce the harm of tobacco on students.%目的:了解北京市怀柔区中学生吸烟现况,探索学校控烟模式,降低中学生吸烟率,为创建无烟学校提供科学依据.方法:2010年9月根据北京市对中小学的分类,利用完全随机抽样方法抽取怀柔区初级中学3所、高级中学3所、职业高中1所,在每所学校内按顺序抽取不同年级的学生,在每一年级内对学生进行整群抽样,满足样本量需求.要求每所学校男女比例尽量一致符合1:1.结果:该学生尝试吸烟率与现在吸烟率分别为29.7%和17.2%,怀柔区中学生烟草使用率基本与全国水平持平.结论:中学生吸烟的现状不容忽视,政府和教育部门应制定有针对性的符合学生特点的控制吸烟政策,指导学校开展吸烟危害健康的相关活动,从而减少烟草对中学生的危害.

  15. Analysis on cervical cancer screening results in Panyu district of Guangzhou city%广州市番禺区宫颈癌筛查结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳; 范晓萍; 曾俐琴; 黄丽妮; 朱铭谊

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To explore the cervical cancer screening status in Panyu district of Guangzhou city from 2000 to 2011.Methods:Cervical cytologic test was conducted among the women of the right age in Panyu district,the individual information and medical records were recorded.Results:A total of 119 648 women received cervical cancer screening,the mean age was (40.60 ±3.50) years,the total positive rates was 9.92%,the positive screening rate in 2000 was 8.91%,then it increased to 12.02% in 2011,the proportion of women under 40 years old increased from 43.00% in 2000 to 50.58% in 2011,the positive rated among rural women and urban women were 12.76% and 7.42%,respectively; 119 women with cervical cancer were carried out,the prevalence rate was 9.95/10 000.Conclusion:The incidence rates of cervical diseases among women in the right age increase year by year,which become younger and younger.The incidence rates of cervical diseases in rural women are higher than those in urban women,cervical cancer screening should be popularized,and maternal health education and publicity should be enhanced.%目的:了解广州市番禺区2000年~2011年12年间全区妇女宫颈癌筛查情况.方法:对辖区适龄妇女进行宫颈细胞学检查,并记录个人信息及病史.结果:共完成宫颈癌筛查119 648例,受检时平均年龄(40.60±3.50)岁,总阳性率为9.92%,2000年筛查阳性率为8.91%,2011年增加至12.02%,其中40岁以下构成比从2000年的43.00%增加到2011年的50.58%,农村妇女阳性率12.76%,城镇妇女阳性率7.42%,筛查出宫颈癌119例,发病率为9.95/万.结论:适龄女性宫颈疾病发病率逐年增高,呈年轻化趋势,农村妇女发病率高于城镇妇女,应普及宫颈癌筛查,加强妇女卫生教育宣传.

  16. 7 CFR 953.11 - District.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false District. 953.11 Section 953.11 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements.... District No. 3. James City and Nansemond Counties and the cities of Chesapeake and Virginia Beach in...

  17. 黄山市屯溪区幼儿教师素质状况及对策研究%Research on quality status of preschool teachers in Tunxi District of Huangshan City and countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永杰; 豆妍妍

    2013-01-01

    笔者通过调查得出黄山市屯溪区幼儿教师素质的现状,分析影响黄山市屯溪区幼儿教师素质状况的因素,主要包括教育投入不足、理体制不完善、幼儿教师社会地位低、经济待遇差等方面,进而提出相应的对策。%The author surveys the status quo of the quality of kindergarten teachers in Tunxi region of Huangshan City, analyzes the factors affecting quality of preschool teachers in Huangshan City Tunxi district, including insufficient investment in education, management system is not perfect, the social status of preschool teachers is low, economic benefits is poor and so on, then put forward the corresponding countermeasure.

  18. 上海市宝山区学校健康教育现状调查%School health education status in Baoshan District of Shanghai City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王路; 蔡忠元; 陈婷; 杨来宝; 朱燕红; 靳沪生; 陈文曦

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解上海市宝山区学校健康教育开展情况,为今后制定相关计划和效果评价提供依据.方法 采用分层系统抽样的方法,在全区140余所学校中抽取各类学校共30所,进行健康教育现况调查.结果 291位承担健康教育的教师中有17人具有医学背景,占5.8%,29位心理咨询老师中19位具有心理专业资格,占65.5%;健康教育宣传阵地以黑板报、画廊为主,画廊版面数共79块,每学校平均2.63块,黑板数144块,每学校平均4.8块;健康教育课程和活动内容及其他、健康生活方式与慢性病防治类占较大比重,其中职业技术学校平均教学课时最高,小学平均健康活动最多,教学形式多为大课或广播形式,达60.0%,任课老师以卫生心理老师或班主任为主;控烟、食堂卫生等主要制度基本建立实施;学校基本健康服务情况良好,学生体检管理率达100%;有12所学校心理服务利用程度较低,7所服务人次数为0,占23.3%.结论 宝山区学校健康教育基本达到工作要求,但仍存在一些不足有待进一步加强和完善.%Objective To investigate the implementation of health education (HE) activities among schools in Baoshan District, Shanghai City, and provide evidence for plan and effect evaluation in future. Methods By using stratified systematic sampling method, totally 30 schools in different kinds were sampled from over 140 schools in Baoshan District Schools HE status were investigated. Results The number of teachers who had received medical training was 17 a-mong 291 teachers of HE in all schools, accounting for 5. 8%. 19 of 29 psychological teachers had professional qualifications, accounting for 65.5% . The chief HE propaganda were blackboards and posters. There were 79 posters in all schools, averaged 2. 63 per school, and 144 blackboards in all schools, averaged 4. 8 per school. Most HE contents and activities were associated to "other category

  19. Road Maintenance Districts, A polygon feature class representing pavement management zones, Published in 2011, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, City of San Luis Obispo.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Road Maintenance Districts dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2011. It is described...

  20. Special Taxing Districts, Various taxing areas (CORE, TIF, Renaissance), updated as boundaires change, Published in 2011, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Bismarck.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Special Taxing Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2011. It is described...

  1. Metropolitan Development Districts, Franklin, Georgia City Work Project Shapefile, Published in 2006, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Chattahoochee-Flint Regional Development.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Metropolitan Development Districts dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of 2006....

  2. Election Districts and Precincts, Published in 2002, 1:63360 (1in=1mile) scale, City of Americus & Sumter County, GA GIS.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, published at 1:63360 (1in=1mile) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2002. Data by...

  3. Election Districts and Precincts, Lyon County Voter Precincts, Published in 2011, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Emporia/Lyon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2011. It is...

  4. Metropolitan Development Districts, Emporia-Lyon County Metropolitan Planning Area, Published in 2003, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Emporia/Lyon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Metropolitan Development Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of...

  5. Partitioning Study on Utilization and Development of Shallow Geothermal Energy in Huancui District of Weihai City%威海市环翠区浅层地热能开发利用适宜性分区研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴振; 王松涛; 祝子惠; 宋委; 衣伟虹

    2015-01-01

    As a new renewable ,environmental protection ,clean energy with huge reserves ,shallow geo‐thermal energy resources has gradually been recognized ,accepted and valued .In this paper ,by using AHP and comprehensive index method as the main research methods ,suitability zoning of shallow geothermal energy in Huancui district of Weihai city has been carried out .It will provide an important basis for devel‐opment and utilization of shallow geothermal energy resources in Huancui district of Weihai city .%浅层地热能资源作为一种可再生、环保、清洁、储量巨大的新型能源资源,逐渐被人们认识、接受和重视。该文选取层次分析法、综合指数法为主要研究方法,对威海市环翠区进行了浅层地热能适宜性分区,为威海市环翠区更好的开发利用浅层地热能资源提供了重要的依据。

  6. Zoning Districts, Zoning as of 2007 of City of Ashland, WI (due to zoning re-writes reflecting Comprehensive Plan), Published in 2007, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, City of Ashland.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Zoning Districts dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2007. It is described as 'Zoning as of...

  7. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Shapefile of City of Granbury Historic Neighborhood Interprise/Empowerment Zone, Published in 2007, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, City of Granbury.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2007....

  8. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Enterprise Zone within Emporia city limits. These sites are allowed discounted building permit fees., Published in 2010, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Emporia/Lyon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of...

  9. "两型社会"背景下城郊分区规划编制模式探析——以武汉市新城组群分区规划为例%DISTRICT PLAN FORMULATION MODE IN MEGA CITIES' OUTSKIRTS :A CASE STUDY OF NEW CITY OF WUHAN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何梅; 汪云

    2009-01-01

    Based on the analysis ofcurrent development in outskirts of Wuhan city,this paper examines the challenges that the outskirts of mega cities are faced with under the background ofconstructing the conservation-minded and environment-friendly society,and reviews the an-adaptability of traditional district plan formulation to the regional plans in new social context.With district plans of new cities in Wuhan as an example,it discusses the planning innovation of the Wuhan outskirts from the aspects of target,mode,path and contents and so on.%以武汉市城郊结合地区发展现势分析为基础,剖析"两型社会"背景下,处于转型期的特大城市城郊结合地区规划面临的挑战,回顾并分析了传统分区规划对该类区域规划的不适应性.以武汉市新城组群分区规划的工作实践为例,从工作目标、模式与路径选择、规划主要内容等方面探讨了武汉市在大尺度城郊结合地区分区规划中的变革思路.

  10. 城市化过程中空间布局的形成机理--以宝鸡市陈仓区城区发展为例%The Mechanism of City-space Formation in the Process of Urbanization---Based on the Case of Development of CHENCANG District,Baoji City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    China is experiencing a rapid process of urbanization and the urbanization is also a process of ur-ban space extension.Figuring out mechanism of city space formation means:how the city space layout forms,what characteristics city space layout formation has,and what problems the government should pay attention to when making urban planning.From the angle of the space-sociology,combining the develop-ment of Chencang District,Baoji City,the paper talked about the characteristics of and reasons for city space formation in China’s urbanization.%中国正经历快速城市化的过程,城市化过程也是城市空间扩展的过程。弄清城市空间布局形成的机理,就是明确城市空间的布局是怎么形成的,空间布局的形成具有哪些特征,以及政府在城市规划时应该注意哪些问题。站在空间社会学的角度,结合宝鸡市陈仓区的实例,探讨中国城市化过程中空间布局的形成特点及原因。

  11. A Policy Review on The Distribution of Health Operational Aid Funds in Achieving Maternal and Child Health Program (MDGs 4, 5 in Three Districts/Cities of East Java Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niniek Lely Pratiwi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Health Policy Regulation Number 494/Menkes/SK/IV/2010 on the distribution of BOK funds to local government is one of the government’s responsibility for the development of public health in improving health promotion and prevention efforts in order to accelerate the achievement of MDGs in Health. The purpose of the study is to provide policy recommendations regarding to BOK in achieving the goals of maternal and child health programs. Methods: Secondary data review of the district health profile in 2009-2011 and analysis on the primary data collected from focus group discussion (FGD with invited technical implementor from district health office and health centers as well as some of the staffs of the local government that handle BOK. Results: The decline in maternal and infant mortality rates are still slow and cases of malnutrition increased from the three profile data review Sampang, Gresik and Sidoarjo. Local governments pay little commitment in developing priority strategies of maternal and child health programs in the form of a local action and innovation plan. BOK preventive promotive activities are lacking of monitoring and accountability controls, especially in health centers located far from the district center. Financial accountability is less precise to the programs and targetes, having seen the data of maternal and child health outcomes KN1-KN4 coverage which rose in 2010, but then fell back in 2011. Conclusion: Evaluation and monitoring are needed on the utilization of BOK funds, supervising the activities by the district/city health office, as well as by local community leaders. Prioritise monitoring the health centers in the area with high MMR and IMR. Suggestion: Needed routine and periodic mentoring and coaching in the form of technical assistance related to the utilization of BOK.

  12. Waterfront Landscape Planning along the Yihe River in the New District of Luoyang City%伊河洛阳新区段滨水景观规划探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜虹; 陈茜; 张丹

    2012-01-01

    General situation of the Yihe River in the New District of Luoyang City and its evolution history were introduced and evaluated from 4 perspectives of water, embankment, vegetation and traffic accessibility. On this basis, orientation of waterfront landscape planning of the Yihe River in the overall urban planning of Luoyang City was proposed, and it was proposed that waterfront landscape planning in the study area should follow the ecological principle, cultural and regional principle, public service principle, accessible principle and human-centered principle. It was to provide references for the landscape planning and design of the Yibe River in the new district of Luoyang City, and to promote its waterfront landscape construction.%分析了伊河洛阳新区段的总体概况及其发展演变过程,从水体、驳岸、植被、交通可达性4个方面对伊河洛阳新区段的现状加以分析与评价.在此基础上,指出了伊河滨水景观规划在洛阳市城市总体规划中的定位,强调伊河洛阳新区段滨水景观规划应遵循生态性原则、文化性与地域性原则、公共服务性原则、可达性原则以及人本性原则.以期为伊河洛阳新区段景观规划设计工作提供参考,以此推动伊河洛阳新区段滨水景观的构建.

  13. CHONGQING, the Hot City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Chongqing is a well-known city with a history of more than 3,000 years. It is a famous historical and cultural city in China. Chongqing is the birthplace of the Bayu Culture. At present, Chongqing is a municipality directly under the Central Government with the largest area, the most administrative districts and the largest population.

  14. Deer City Legend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUHUANZHI; LILIKUN

    2003-01-01

    MORE and more commodities,such as clothes,shoes,millinery,lighters and shavers,now bear the “Made in Wenzhou”mark.It woule appear that Wenzhou grooms the whole nation.Lucheng(deer city)District in central Wenzhou is the nucleus of the city's thriving light industry sector.

  15. Relationship Between Distribution of Residents’ Travels and Intensity of Mixed Land-use:A Case Study on Central Districts of Guangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    <正>In recent years,the land-use structure of Guangzhou City has greatly changed along with the expansion of city size and the trans-formation of spatial layout,employment market,and real estate market,influencing in consequence the layouts of housing and employment and then the distribution of residents’ travels.The study on the relationship between the distribution of residents’ travels

  16. 2010年佛山市禅城区小学生恒牙龋病调查分析%Investigation of the Status of Permanent Tooth Caries of Schoolchildren in Chancheng District of Foshan City in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄诺蓓; 李志强; 翟炜东; 陈志斌; 王新

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status of permanent tooth caries of schildren in Chancheng district of Foshan city to provide scientific bases for prevention and treatment on caries. Methods Based on guideline for 3 rd national oral health survey, a multistage equal-sized and simple random sampling survey was applied in Chancheng district school children of Foshan city. Results The permanent tooth caries prevalence rate was 4.96% in 7-year-old age group,12.19% in 9-year-old and 23. 13% in 12-year-old. And the DMFT was 0. 10, 0. 22, and 0.43 respectively. There was no significant difference between permanent tooth caries prevalence rate and DMFT in sexual distinction of schoolchildren in Chancheng district of Foshan city schoolchild in 2010, while there was significant difference in age. Conclusion It was important to strengthen the education of the oral hygiene knowledge, decrease the permanent tooth caries prevalence rate and increase the caries filling rate.%目的 了解佛山市禅城区小学生的龋病情况,为龋病的防治工作提供参考.方法 参照第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查龋病检查标准,采用多阶段等容量随机抽样方法,对佛山市禅城区小学生进行恒牙龋病调查.结果 2010年佛山市禅城区小学生患龋率7岁组为4.69%,9岁组为12.19%,12岁组为23.13%,龋均分别为0.10、0.22、0.43.患龋率和龋均在不同年龄组间的差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),7岁组的最低,12岁组的最高;各年龄组患龋率、龋均的性别差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 加强口腔卫生知识宣教,降低龋病患病率,提高小学生龋齿充填率是目前工作的重点.

  17. 2009年苏州市沧浪区小学生健康状况调查%Investigation on Health Status of Pupils in Canglang District of Suzhou City in 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔芳芳; 腾国兴; 乔莹

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解苏州市沧浪区小学生营养状况及常见病患病情况的现状,为长期监测提供基线资料,为制定科学有效的预防控制措施提供科学依据.方法 采用整群抽样调查的方法,2009年抽取苏州市沧浪区4所小学校2 898名小学生,进行健康体检和分析评价.结果 小学生中营养不良检出率为22.08%,超重检出率为11.94%,肥胖检出率为10.21%,视力低下检出率为48.93%,龋齿患病率为56.42%.结论 苏州市沧浪区小学生的超重与肥胖患病率较高,营养不良状况也较为严重,视力不良检出率和龋齿患病率也不容乐观.根据小学生各年龄段健康现状中存在的突出问题,需及时开展有针对性的健康教育及干预活动.%[Objective]To learn the nutritional status and prevalence of common diseases among pupils in Canglang district of Suzhou city, supply the baseline data for long-term monitoring, and provide the scientific basis for developing effective control measures.[Methods]With the methods of cluster sampling, 2898 pupils from 4 primary school students in Canglang district of Suzhou city received health examination, and the results were analyzed and evaluated.[Results]The detection rate of malnutrition, overweight, obesity and poor eyesight was 22. 08% , 11.94% , 10. 21% and 48. 93% , respectively. The prevalence of dental carries was 56.42%.[Conclusion]The prevalence of overweight and obesity among pupils in Canglang district of Suzhou city was high, the malnutrition status was serious, and detection rate of poor eyesight and prevalence of dental carries were not optimistic. According to outstanding health problems in each age group of pupils, the special health education and intervention should be carried out.

  18. Government Districts, Other - Montana Administrative Boundary Web Mapping Service

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Montana Administrative Boundaries Map Service includes the following boundaries: State, County, Incorporated City/Town, Reservation, School Districts, Tax Increment...

  19. Boise geothermal district heating system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanson, P.J.

    1985-10-01

    This document describes the Boise geothermal district heating project from preliminary feasibility studies completed in 1979 to a fully operational system by 1983. The report includes information about the two local governments that participated in the project - the City of Boise, Idaho and the Boise Warm Springs Water District. It also discusses the federal funding sources; the financial studies; the feasibility studies conducted; the general system planning and design; design of detailed system components; the legal issues involved in production; geological analysis of the resource area; distribution and disposal; the program to market system services; and the methods of retrofitting buildings to use geothermal hot water for space heating. Technically this report describes the Boise City district heating system based on 170/sup 0/F water, a 4000 gpm production system, a 41,000 foot pipeline system, and system economies. Comparable data are also provided for the Boise Warm Springs Water District. 62 figs., 31 tabs.

  20. Epidemiological Characteristics of Dengue Fever in Nanshan District of Shenzhen City in 2014%深圳市南山区2014年登革热疫情流行病学特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅燕艳; 戴传文; 叶俊; 晏渠如; 廖志林; 唐寒梅; 毛绍菊; 孙玮璇; 黄鹏

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT:Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of dengue fever in Nanshan district of shenzhen City in 2014.Methods The information regarding local dengue fever epidemic was obtained through China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention,and a de-scriptive epidemiological method was used to analyze the epidemiological characteristics of regis-tered cases.Results A total of 104 cases of dengue fever (103 from laboratory diagnosis and 1 from clinical diagnosis)were reported in Nanshan district of Shenzhen city in 2014,including 57 local cases,46 imported cases and 1 case of dengue fever of unknown causes.The incidence rate of dengue fever was 9.29 per 100 000 and no death was reported.The epidemic period was from late July to late December,and the peak month was October.Dengue fever cases were found in every street of the district,and the majority was located in Shekou street.The imported cases were mainly from Southeast Asian countries.Conclusion The occurrence of dengue fever had a wide range and lasted for a long duration in Nanshan district of Shenzhen city in 2014.Both imported cases and local cases were present in this district.%目的:分析深圳市南山区2014年登革热疫情的流行病学特征。方法通过中国疾病预防控制信息系统获得本地登革热疫情信息,采用描述性流行病学方法对登记调查的病例进行流行病学特征分析。结果深圳市南山区2014年报告登革热患者104例,其中实验室诊断登革热103例,临床诊断登革热1例。输入性登革热患者46例,本地登革热患者57例,不明感染原因的登革热患者1例,发病率为9.29/10万,无死亡病例。流行季节在7月下旬至12月下旬,高峰在10月。全区各个街道均出现登革热患者,以蛇口街道居多。输入性登革热的输入来源地主要以东南亚国家为主。结论2014年深圳市南山区登革热发病范围广,持续时间长,输入性

  1. 湖州市吴兴区社区体育设施建设的现状调查和分析%Sc Wu Xing district, huzhou city, the status quo of community sports facilities construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡凯; 肖玲

    2014-01-01

    With the development of society and economy, people's pursuit of healthy living has become more and more urgent, sports facilities, as a kind of economic and functional exercise tool was welcomed by the masses. Quantity and quality of the city sports facilities in residential area is directly related to people's healthy life. And the lack of city community sports fitness facilities is also a common problem. This paper adopted the random sampling of the judgment sampling method to extract the Wu Xing district, huzhou city, twenty community as investigation object, by on-the-spot investigation method and the way of questionnaire survey method, the investigation has carried on the investigation and study of the system. Based on the results of the survey, this article will revolve around Wu Xing district, huzhou city, the present situation of the sports facilities and sports facilities construction problems in the discussion puts forward my own Suggestions aiming at the problems found.%随着社会与经济的发展,人民群众对健康生活的追求越来越迫切,体育设施作为一种经济又实用的锻炼工具受到了广大群众的欢迎。城市居民小区体育设施的数量与质量直接关系到人民群众的健康生活,而城市社区体育健身设施的缺乏也是一个普遍性的问题。本文采用了非随机抽样中的判断抽样法抽取了湖州市吴兴区的二十个社区为调查对象,以实地考察法和问卷调查法相结合的方式,对调查对象进行了系统的调查研究。基于此次调查的结果,本文将围绕湖州市吴兴区体育设施建设的现状和体育设施建设中的问题展开讨论并针对发现的问题提出个人的建议。

  2. 2004-2010年沈阳市和平区肺结核流行特征%Epidemic characteristics of TB in Heping District of Shenyang City from 2004-2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马宁; 沈华

    2012-01-01

    目的 掌握沈阳市和平区肺结核发病强度和流行特征,为制定肺结核防制规划提供依据.方法 利用描述流行病学方法分析该市肺结核相关疫情数据.结果 2004-2010年沈阳市和平区肺结核年均报告发病率为60.31/10万,各年度报告发病率差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);男女性别比为2.26:1,男性报告发病率为83.74/10万,女性报告发病率为36.98/10万,男女肺结核报告发病率差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);其他、家务及待业2项职业报告肺结核病例数居分别占报告病例数的37.21%、22.52%,20~59岁年龄组报告发病数占75.12%.结论 沈阳市和平区肺结核发病季节高峰不明显,男性报告发病率明显高于女性,发病职业高峰明显,呈典型的青壮年高发趋势.该区应加强组织领导,落实各项保证措施;加强培训,提高结核病专业人员的业务能力和管理水平;强化疫情报告,做好肺结核疑似病例的追踪、随访和订正工作;搞好肺结核患者的规范化治疗,提高全民防范意识和水平.%[ Objective ] To understand the disease intensity and epidemic characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) in Heping District of Shenyang City, and provide evidence for developing TB control programs. [Methods]Descriptive epidemiology was adopted to analyze the epidemic data of TB in Shenyang City. [ Results ] The reported TB incidence in Heping District of Shenyang City from 2004-2010 was 60.31/100 000, the difference between years was significant (P<0.01), the ratio of male to female was 2.26: 1, the reported incidence of male was 83.74/100 000, that of female was 36.98/100 000, the difference between genders was significant! P <0.01). The TB cases of other occupation, housework and unemployed accounted for 37.21% , 22.52% of total reported cases. The cases aged 20-59 years occupied 75. 12% of total cases. [ Conclusion] In Heping District of Shenyang City, Seasonal peak incidence of TB is not

  3. Expansion Strategy of Agricultural Industrial Chain of Suburban Villages and Towns in the Process of Urbanization——A Case Study of Yongle Town in Nanming District of Guiyang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of introducing the connotation of agricultural industrial chain, taking Yongle Town in Nanming District of Guiyang City as an example, this paper analyzes the advantages and constraint factors of the suburban villages and towns in the process of expanding agricultural industrial chain in the context of urbanization. Corresponding strategies of expanding the agricultural industrial chain of Yongle Town in the process of urbanization as follows: vigorously develop the leading enterprises; strengthen the construction of farmers’ specialized cooperatives and agricultural associations; build and perfect agricultural industrial chain organizations; set up the public information platform; rely on the food industrial park to propel the deep processing of agricultural products; vigorously develop the logistics of agricultural products; promote the development of operation model of "brand+ standard+ scale"; vigorously develop ecology-oriented rural tourism; give full play to the functional role of the government.

  4. A STUDY ON LANDSCAPE MOSAIC STRUCTURE IN URBAN-RURAL AREA IN NORTHWEST OF CHINA WITH RS AND GIS-A Case Study of Xigu District in Lanzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    At the study area of Xigu District in Lanzhou City, using RS & GIS as tools we apply Diversity, Domi nance, Fragmentation, Isolation and so on to study the quantitative, fractal and spatial characters of landscapes' struc tures in the four sub-regions divided by the morphological features. Using the Fractal Theory to establish the fractal struc ture models, we analyze the complexity and stability of various landscapes' distribution with fractal dimension value.The spatial distribution characteristics of landscape mosaic structure are also expounded. At the end of the paper we dis cuss the relevant problems on the main factors which control and effect on the spatial pattern of landscapes as well as on landscape optimization and management.

  5. 银川市兴庆区切花康乃馨氮肥单因子肥效试验%Test of Nitrogenous Fertilizer Single Factor Applying Efficiency on Cut Carnation of Xingqing District in Yinchuan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卜燕燕

    2016-01-01

    在银川市兴庆区开展了切花康乃馨氮肥单因子肥效试验。结果表明:纯N施用量为660~780 kg/hm2时,切花康乃馨长势茂盛、成花商品花枝多、质量好、市场价格高、产量高,建议在兴庆区推广。%Test of nitrogenous fertilizer single factor applying efficiency on cut carnation was conducted in Xingqing District in Yinchuan City. The results showed that when pure nitrogen reached 660~780 kg/hm2, the cut carnation was luxuriant, and the flower production had more branches, good quality, high price and high yield. This paper proposed the extension of this kind of carnation.

  6. 2005-2011年沈阳市大东区猩红热流行特征%Epidemiological features of scarlet fever in Dadong District of Shenyang City from 2005-2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙瑛; 唐景春

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] To analyze the incidence trend and epidemiological characteristics of scarlet fever in Dadong District of Shenyang City, provide scientific basis for developing the control program of scarlet fever and evaluating the implementation effect. [Methods]The epidemic data of scarlet fever in Dadong District of Shenyang City from 2005 to 2011 were analyzed descriptively. [ Results] A total of 1 767 scarlet fever cases were reported in Dadong District of Shenyang City from 2005 to 2011, the average annual incidence rate was 37. 68/lakh, and the ratio of male-to-female was 1.46: 1 (P < 0. 01). The incidence rate in 0- 4 year-old age group was 258. 86/lakh, while that in 5-9 year-old age group, 10-14 year-old age group and over 15 year-old age group was 706.45/lakh, 106.58/lakh and 1.57/lakh, respectively. Students accounted for 38. 94% of total cases, kindergarten children and scattered children respectively accounted for 37. 80% and 20.03% . The cases reported in May to June and November to December accounted for 27.56% and 23.09% of the total cases respectively. [ Conclusion] The average incidence rate of scarlet fever is high in Dadong District of Shenyang City during 2005-2011. Students, kindergarten children and scattered children are the high-risk population, while the prevention and control should be strengthened.%目的 掌握沈阳市大东区猩红热发病水平及流行特征,为制定猩红热防治规划及评价实施效果提供准确依据.方法 对沈阳市大东区2005-2011年猩红热疫情资料进行描述性分析.结果 2005-2011年沈阳市大东区累计报告猩红热1 767例,年均发病率为37.68/10万,男女性别比为1.46:1 (P<0.01);0~4岁发病率为258.86/10万,5~9岁为706.45/10万,10~ 14岁106.58/10万,≥15岁为1.57/10万;学生发病占38.94%,幼托儿童占37.80%,散居儿童占20.03%;5、6月和11、12月病例分别占发病总数的27.56%、23.09%.结论 2005-2011年沈阳市大东区猩红热

  7. Analysis on Epidemiological Characteristics of Food Poisoning in Qingcheng District of Qingyuan City during 2004-2010%2004-2010年清远市清城区食物中毒流行特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎晓鸿; 黎智怡; 王国彬

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective ] To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of food poisoning in Qingcheng district of Qingyuan city during 2004- 2010, provide the basis for further prevention and control of food poisoning. [ Methods] The food poisoning occurred in Qingcheng district of Qingyuan city during 2004 - 2010 were analyzed by retrospective epidemiology. [ Results] There were 45cases of food poisoning in Qingcheng district of Qingyuan city during 2004 - 2010, 759 people were poisoned, the annual morbidity was 19. 30/lakh, and the fatality rate was 0. The quarter 1 and 2 were the peak season. The main pathogenic cause was bacteria, which accounted for 48.8%, followed by unexplained food poisoning ( 28.89% ). The places of food poisoning were mainly cafeteria, which accounted for 35.56%, followed by restaurants (33.33% ). [ Conclusion] The food poisoning occurred in Qingcheng district of Qingyuan city during 2004 - 2010 were mainly bacterial food poisoning in cafeteria. Most of food poisoning occurred in family were caused by plant and animal toxicants, which were severe. The effective ways of prevention and control of food poisoning include enhancing the propaganda of food hygiene, strengthening the health management in factory cafeteria and improving the public consciousness of food hygiene.%目的 对清远市清城区2004-2010年食物中毒的流行特征进行分析,为进一步预防和控制食物中毒提供依据.方法 用回顾性流行病学方法 对清远市清城区2004-2010年发生的食物中毒进行分析.结果 清远市清城区2004-2010年共发生食物中毒45起,中毒人数759人,年均发病率为19.30/10万,病死率为0;中毒多发生在第2、3季度;致病因素以细菌性为主,占48.89% ,其次是原因不明的食物中毒,占28.89% ;中毒发生场所以集体食堂为主,占35.56% ,其次是饮食服务单位,占33.33%.结论 清远市清城区食物中毒以集体食堂发生的细菌性食物中毒为主,家庭发生的食

  8. 济南市长清区大觉寺村一、二号汉墓清理简报%Excavation of Tombs No.1 and 2 of the Han Period at Dajuesi Village in Changqing District, Jinan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    济南市考古研究所; 长清区文物管理所

    2004-01-01

    In 2002 and 2003, two ancient tombs were discovered at Dajuesi Village of Guide Town in Changqing District, Jinan City. Tomb No. 1 is built of bricks and stones. It consists of a passage, an anterior room and a rear one, and yielded four pictorial stones, glazed pottery, copper coins and a stone table. Tomb No. 2 is also a brick-and-stone structure and consists of a ramping passage, a corridor, an eastern side room and a western one, an anteroom, and a back room. Its funeral objects include jade, stone, bronze, pottery objects and stones bearing designs and signs. The tomb shape and grave goods suggest that the tombs date from the late Eastern Han period.

  9. Luoyang Dual Spatial Criterion Ecological City Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Fazeng; Wang Shengnan

    2007-01-01

    The construction of an ecological city has two foundational platforms:the small platform,namely urban district or simply called as"city ecosystem";and the big platform,namely around city district in certain region scope or also referred to as"city-region ecosystem".The construction of an ecological city must be launched in the dual spatial criteria:in city(urban district)criterion-optimizing the city ecosystem;in city-region(city territory)criterion-optimizing the city-region ecosystem.Luoyang has the bright characteristic and the typical image within cities of China,and even in the world.The construction of anecological city in dual spatial criteria-the city and the city-region-has the vital significance to urbanization advancement and sustainable development in Luoyang.In city-region criterion,the primary mission of Luoyang's ecological city construction is to create a fine ecological environment platform in its city territory.In city criterion,the basic duty of Luoyang's ecologic city construction is to enhance the ecological capacity and benefit of the central city.

  10. 1996~2010年广西崇左市江州区疟疾监测%Result of malaria surveillances in Jiangzhou District of Chongzuo City in 1996-2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈远东

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析1996~2010年崇左市江州区疟疾监测结果,评价防治效果,为制定监测措施提供科学依据.方法 收集1996~2010年原崇左县卫生防疫站和江州区的疟疾疫情资料和疟疾监测数据,进行统计分析.结果崇左市江州区疟疾发病率从1996年的0.60/10万下降至2006~2010年的0.00,流动人口血检6 030人次,共检出20例阳性病例,均为输入性病例,疟原虫阳性率为0.81%.当地居民发热病人血栓107 924人次,未发现疟原虫阳性.结论 疟疾防治措施有效,加强流动人口疟疾管理与监测是巩固疟防成果的一项重要措施.%Objective To analyze the results of malaria control and the epidemic features of malaria in Jiangzhou District of Chongzuo City in 1996~2010,evaluate control measures and provide basis for making control measures. Methods The data concerning malaria infection and control in Jiangzhou District of Chongzuo City during the period in 1996~2010 were collected and statistically analyzed. Restlts Malaria incidence in Jiangzhou District dropped from 0.60/100 000 in 1996 to 0 in 2006~2010,6 030 febrile patients in mobile population was examined and 20 malaria cases were detected with a positive rate of 0.81% and they were all imported malaria cases. There 107 924 local febrile patients were examined and no malaria case was found. Conclusion The measures of prevention and control of malaria are effective and strengthening management of mobile population and malaria surveillance are the an important measures for malaria control.

  11. Study on the Site Selection of Mixed Brand Car Sales in Jiangbei District of Chongqing City%重庆江北区混合品牌汽车卖场规划选址研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗国庆; 肖艾华

    2014-01-01

    To carry out the development strategy of the “sci-entific development, city prosperity”proposed on the City Fo-urth Party Congress of the and to optimize the industrial str-ucture of Jiangbei District, and to promote economic devel-opment, combined with planning and transformation of the old land area, the paper put forward opinions and suggestions for the site recommended for luxury cars mal , providing some th-eory support industrial structure adjustment and economic de-velopment of the region in the future.%为贯彻落实市第四次党代会提出的“科学发展、富民兴渝”发展战略,优化江北区内产业结构,促进经济发展,本文结合区内土地利用规划和旧城改造,提出了推荐名车广场的规划选址意见和建议,为未来区内产业结构调整和经济发展提供了理论决策支撑。

  12. Allegheny County Voting District Boundaries (2015)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset demarcates municipal voting districts in Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data Center’s open data...

  13. Allegheny County Pennsylvania Senate District Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset demarcates the Pennsylvania Senate district boundaries within Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data...

  14. Allegheny County Voting District (2015) Web Map

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This webmap demarcates municipal voting districts in Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data Center’s open data...

  15. Allegheny County Magisterial Districts Outlines (2015)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset shows the magisterial districts in Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data Center’s open data portal...

  16. A Comparative Study of the Perception on Place-feature of Urban Historic District between Residents and Tourists---Taking Chaozhou Ancient City for Instance%城市历史街区“地方性”的居民感知与游客感知的比较研究∗--以广东潮州古城区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖春花

    2015-01-01

    Urban historic district displays a city's character,and keeps the most complete memories of the city,and Place-feature is the best fascination of urban historic districts.Urban historic districts in China are now under the critical impact of the economi-cal globalization and the speeding national urbanization,and many a historic district of distinct identity has perished in the course of urban development,and most Chinese cities suffer from a drab uniformity.To solve cities’"characteristic crisis",we must pay great attention to the conservation and revitalization of urban historic districts,and need to assure the inheritance and continuity of the place-feature of urban historic districts.So it is necessary to learn and analyze the local residents'perception about the place-feature of urban historic districts.Taking Chaozhou ancient city for instance,by means of sampling questionnaire survey,the the-sis investigates and analyzes the perception of local residents and tourists in Chaozhou Ancient City about the place-feature of ur-ban historic districts and Chaozhou culture.%城市历史街区是一个城市特色的集中体现,是构成一座城市魅力与活力的核心地区,“地方性”就是城市历史街区的基本特征。旅游开发已经成为城市历史街区地方性重构的一种常用方式,也是城市历史街区进行地方性保护的一种有效途径。在城市历史街区的旅游开发中,了解和分析外来游客与本地居民对城市地方性的认知差异,有助于城市文化旅游的有序发展、消除旅游活动中“主客”之间可能存在的文化摩擦。以广东省潮州古城区为例,以抽样问卷调查为手段,调查和分析了外来游客与本地居民对潮州文化及其地方性感知的差异情况。

  17. Emissions Analysis of Regional COD in Yuanbao District Dandong City%丹东市元宝区区域 COD 排放量分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张璐

    2012-01-01

    COD total emissions come mainly from industrial pollution sources and domestic pollution sources in Yuanbao District. Among them, industrial pollution sources produce COD of 140817a and emissions of 235.82T/a; domestic pollution sources produce COD of 6330.52T/a and emissions of 4657.96 T/a Through the investigation of pollution sources, the emissions of COD were analyzed in Yuanbao District, in order to better control and manage environmental pollution.%元宝区COD的总量排放主要来自工业源和生活源,其中工业源COD产生量为1408 T/a、排放量为235.82 T/a;生活源COD产生量为6330.52 T/a、排放量为4657.96 T/a.通过污染源调查,分析元宝区污染物COD排放情况,以利于今后更好地控制和管理环境污染.

  18. The Effect of Environmental Health Indicators Against Dengue Under 5 Years Old Cases Based on Sub District of Batam City in 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Revi Rosavika Kinansi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: controlling of dengue haemorrhagic was still a complicated problems, because it has not found a cure. The best way to prevent dengue fever was to control mosquito larvae Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF. The existence of Aedes aegypti larvae in an area is an indicator of the presence of populations of Ae. aegypti in that area. In an effort to determine the interventions on the incidence of dengue in the city of Batam through mosquito larvae control, need to know how much infl uencethe larvae of Ae. aegypti free house to dengue cases. The purpose of this discussion is to know what variables affect the dengue cases in the city of Batam. Methods: analysis of data using linear regression analysis. Signifi cance values provide information on the variables that signifi cantly affect the number of dengue cases in the city of Batam, so the government can seek for each house is required to be free of larvae. Results: results of the analysis provides information that the value of a statistical p-valueindicates the number 0,017 on variables healthy home. Conclution: there is a signifi cant infl uence between the variables of a healthy home for the presence of dengue cases in the city of Batam. Recomendation: This suggests that a healthy home include sanitation, adequate ventilation, good lighting, good management of water access and other problems causing the lack of space used as breeding places of Ae. aegypti. Many factors affect the presence of dengue among others to note is altitude,ecology and bionomik, eggs, larvae and pupae, adult mosquitoes, the habit of perching, fl ying range, as well as the life span of transovarial transmission.

  19. Strategies for E-Commerce Development in Baiyun District, Guangzhou City%广州市白云区电子商务发展对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢友东

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, e-commerce grows rapidly in China and Guangdong province is among the fastest developed provinces. How-ever, the overall development level of Baiyun district is relatively lagging. There are problems, including narrow recognition of enterprises on e-commerce, lack of benchmarking enterprises, insufficient specialized services, and short supply of e-commerce professionals. Baiyun district has advantages such as the favorable macro economic trend, developed manufacturing industry and trade market, and booming lo-gistics, providing a supportive environment for the speedy development of e-commerce. Therefore, the government should guide enterpris-es to enhance awareness of"internet+", accelerate to set examples of e-commerce enterprises, focus on e-commerce platform of vertical industries, create e-commerce service platform at district level, intensify investment in introducing professionals and proactively develop cross-border e-commerce.%近年来,电子商务迅速发展,广东省走在了全国前列,但白云区电子商务的整体发展水平相对滞后。白云区电子商务发展存在企业对发展电子商务的认识狭隘,缺乏电子商务标杆示范企业以及专业服务,电商人才匮乏等问题。白云区良好的宏观经济走势,发达的制造业、商贸市场以及迅速发展的物流业都为电子商务快速发展提供了良好的环境。对此,应引导企业强化“互联网+”思维,积极推进电子商务示范建设,重点发展垂直行业电子商务平台,打造区级电子商务公共服务平台,加强电子商务人才培养及引进,大力发展跨境电子商务。

  20. Traffic Safety Situation Analysis of Shunyi District in Beijing City%北京市顺义区交通安全现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟宪婷; 孙立山

    2011-01-01

    Based on the traffic crash data of Shunyi District of Beijing, this paper used mathematical statistics method to summarize the traffic crash characteristics of Shunyi District from four aspects (time, space, causes, and vehicles types). On this basis, it analyzed the traffic safety influencing factors from pedestrians, vehicles, road and environment. At the same time some specific countermeasures are put forward. Analysis showed that: (1) specific feature of the human factors is short of safety consciousness! (2) the main factors of vehicle show in the diversity of vehicle types; (3) the main factors of road traffic facilities mainly show in short of traffic safety facilities and deficient alignment design; (4) environmental factors mainly reflect in climate, roadside environment and the management, etc.%结合北京市顺义区的交通事故数据,运用数理统计的方法,从时间、空间、成因、车型等方面对北京市顺义区交通事故特征进行了归纳总结.在此基础上,从人、车、路和环境4个方面分析了北京市顺义区交通安全的影响因素并提出对策.分析表明:人的因素主要表现为交通安全意识淡薄;车的因素主要表现为机动车车型多样;路的因素主要体现交通设施不全、线形设计存在隐患;环境的因素主要体现在气候、路侧环境和管理等.

  1. Kansas City Plots Next Steps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finkel, Ed

    2012-01-01

    Kansas City (Missouri) Public Schools is at a crossroads. The district has struggled for decades with poor academic achievement, dwindling enrollment and budget, and short-term superintendents--27 in the past 40 years. Most recently, after a two-year stint during which he helped the district get its financial house in order, closing nearly half of…

  2. Investigation of AIDS among Female Sex Workers in A District of Shiyan City during 2009 -2010%十堰市某区2009-2010年暗娼人群艾滋病调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁洪新; 邓晓; 唐桂珍; 李郁; 毛立峰

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the population distribution of female sex workers in a district of Shiyan City, the status of HIV infection and AIDS prevention knowledge awareness, and provide the scientific basis for the development of outreach intervention measures.[Methods]A questionnaire survey was conducted among female sex workers in a district; ELJSA was used for detection of HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases.[Results]The total 800 female sex workers aged 16 -43 years old in the district, young adults aged 21 - 33 years accounted for 61.45% , most sex workers had education background of secondary school (43.73% ) and primary school (25. 64%). Unmarried accounted for 89. 26%; Female entertainment attendants accounted for 91. 45%. 89. 21% were migrant population. 217 cases of sexually transmitted diseases were detected, accounting for 27.13% , among which 43 had gonorrhea, 7 had syphilis, 64 had genital warts, 39 had non-gonococcal urethritis( cervicitis) , 16 had genital herpes, no one was infected HIV/AIDS. 457 persons used condoms in the last sex services, accounting for 57.13% ; 649 used condoms frequently, accounting for 81.13% ; 153 used condoms occasionally, accounting for 18.87%.[Conclusion]The female sex workers in the district of Shiyan City are dominated by migrant young adults with low education level who have high risks of sexually transmitted infections , and also the potential factors for the spread of AIDS. It suggested that health education should be strengthened for this population, as well as regular detection and behavioral interventions.%目的 了解我十堰某区暗娼人群分布、HⅣ感染现状及艾滋病预防知识知晓率,为制定切实可行的外展干预措施提供科学依据.方法 采用问卷方式对某区暗娼人群进行调查;采用ELISA方法进行HIV血清学检测及性病检测.结果 某区800例暗娼的年龄范围在16 ~43岁;其中21 ~35年龄段最多,占61.45%;初中(43.73%)和小学(25.64%)文

  3. 深圳市龙岗区1993-2009年职业病发病情况%Incidence of Occupational Diseases in Longgang District of Shenzhen City from 1993 to 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯志明

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective ] To elucidate the occurrence regularity of occupational disease in Longgang District of Shenzhen City, and provide evidence for establishing occupational disease prevention and control system in Longgang District of Shenzhen City.[ Methods] A retrospective study was carried out on the incidence of occupational diseases in Longgang District from 1993 to 2009.[ Results] A total 457 cases of occupational diseases were reported in the last 17 years, with 10 death cases all caused by organic solvent exposure,among which 8 caused by trichlorocthylene (80%). The most cases were in electronic and storage battery industry,fonowed by plastic toy and electroplate industry. The occupational diseases mainly were n-hexane poisoning( 22.97% )and lead poisoning ( 17.50% ), followed by contact dermatitis ( 16.85% ) and dimethyl formamide poisoning (7. 22% ). Phased peaks appeared in year 1996, 2001 and 2006. [ Conclusion] The high risk factors of occupational hazards are n-hexane, trichloroethylene, lead,dust, dichloroethane and benzene in this district. The electronic industry, storage battery industry, plastic toy industry, electroplate industry and machinery hardware industry belong to the industries with high risk.%目的 阐明深圳市龙岗区职业病的发病规律,为深圳市龙岗区职业病危害防治体系建设提供依据.方法 对该区从1993建区至2009年的职业病的发病情况进行回顾性分析.结果 该区17年间共发生职业病117起457人,死亡10人,都是由有机溶剂引起,三氯乙烯引起的死亡病例8人,占80%.职业病主要集中在电子、蓄电池,其次为塑料玩具和电镀企业.职业病种类主要为正己烷中毒(22.97%)和铅中毒(17.50%),其次为接触性皮炎(16.85%)和二甲基甲酰胺中毒(7.22%).1996、2001和2006年发病呈现出阶段性峰值.结论 正己烷、三氯乙烯、铅、粉尘、二氯乙烷和苯为该区职业病危害高风险因素,电子、蓄电池、塑胶玩

  4. 深圳市南山区托幼机构儿童乳牙龋齿调查分析%Prevalence of Deciduous Dental Caries in Kindergarten Children in Nanshan District of Shenzhen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢雨芳; 蒋雪明; 蒋盈盈; 卢瑞萱; 胡雪梅; 潘巧玲

    2015-01-01

    目的:对深圳市南山区3~6岁儿童乳牙龋齿患病现况进行分析,为制定乳牙龋齿预防措施提供科学依据。方法将2010—2014年深圳市南山区180余家幼儿园共计175945人次儿童进行口腔检查,并对龋齿的流行特征进行分析。结果深圳南山区托幼机构儿童2010—2014年,5年平均龋齿患病率为44.3%,5年来学龄前儿童龋齿患病率持平(P=0.696)。2010—2014年学龄前儿童龋齿患病率随年龄增长而增高(龋齿患病率3~<4岁为24.8%,4~<5岁为38.7%,5~6岁为54.5%,P<0.001),区级/合格幼儿园龋齿患病率明显高于省/市级幼儿园(P<0.001)。结论随着年龄增长,学龄前儿童龋齿患病率升高,等级低的幼儿园龋齿患病率高于等级高的幼儿园。预防龋齿,要从婴儿抓起,采取综合预防措施,从而降低龋齿发病率。%ABSTRACT:Objective To analyze the prevalence of deciduous dental caries in kindergarten chil-dren aged 3-6 years in Nanshan district of Shenzhen city,and to provide a scientific basis for the development of caries preventive measures.Methods A total of 175 945 oral examination records of kindergarten children(2010-2014)were summarized and epidemiological characteristics of dent-al caries were analyzed.Results The 5-year prevalence of dental caries was 44.3% in kindergar-ten children in Nanshan district of Shenzhen city in 2010-2014.No changes in the prevalence of dental caries from 2010 to 2014(P=0.696).However,the prevalence of dental caries increased with age(24.8% in children aged 3-<4 years,38.7% in children aged 4-<5 years,and 54.5% in children aged 5-6 years,P<0.001).The prevalence of dental caries in district level kindergartens was significantly higher than that in provincial/municipal level kindergartens(P<0.001).Conclu-sion The prevalence of dental caries increases with age,and the prevalence in district level kin-dergartens is higher

  5. 唐山市丰南区白内障患者的防盲手术的流行病学分析%EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF CATARACT SURGERY FOR BLINDNESS PREVENTIONIN FENGNAN DISTRICT OF TANGSHAN CITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国立

    2011-01-01

    [目的]探讨唐山市丰南区白内障患者的防盲手术的流行病学特点.[方法]2008年10月~2010年12月配合残疾人协会资助开展“慈善燕赵、万人复明”工程对唐山市丰南区的白内障患者的进行了筛查和防盲手术治疗.[结果]178例(207只眼)年龄相关性白内障患者中70~79岁患者所占比例最高,其次是60~69岁,<50岁和≥90岁的患者所占比例最小.复明活动的200例患者中,市区患者26例,占13.00%;农村患者174例,占87.00%,两者的比例为1:6.69.两者比较有明显差异,且差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05).200例(232只眼)白内障患者中术后脱残率为85.78%,脱盲率为92.67%;其中年龄相关性白内障患者的脱残率和脱盲率明显高于非年龄相关性白内障患者的脱残率和脱盲率,且差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05).[结论]白内障仍然是高龄者的致盲眼病,白内障盲人所造成的社会负担较重,在老年、农村患者中因白内障引起盲目仍是唐山市丰南区白内障患者的防盲工作中存在的严重问题.%[Objective] To investigate epidemiological characteristics cataract surgery for blindness prevention in Fengnan District of Tangshan City. [Methods] October 2008 - December 2010, Charitable project funded by Disabled Association was carried out in Fengnan District of Tangshan City. [Results] 178 patients (207 eyes) with age-related cataract patients, of which the most was 70-79 aged group, followed by 60-69, < 50 and ≥90 aged group. In 200 patients, 26 patient were from the urban area, accounting for 13.00%; 174 cases were from rural area, accounting for 87.00%, with a ratio of 1 : 6.69, and the difference was significant (P< 0.05). In 200 patients (232 eyes) after cataract removal, non-disability rate was 85.78%, non-blindness rate was 92.67%; in which the both rates of age-related cataract patients were significantly higher than the other, and the difference was statistically significant (P

  6. Results of health examination on radiation workers in Baodi District of Tianjin City from 2007-2011%2007-2011年天津市宝坻区放射工作人员健康检查结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘河

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解天津市宝坻区从事放射工作人员的健康状况.方法 对2007-2011年宝坻区586名放射工作人员职业健康检查资料进行分析.结果 586人中,血压异常率为23.72%,眼科检查异常率为17.24%,B超异常率36.34%,尿常规异常率为5.80%,血常规异常率为34.81%;丙氨酸转氨酶活力异常率为12.12%,心电图异常率为18.26%.结论 长期接触低剂量电离辐射对人体有损伤效应,应加强健康监护工作.%[ Objective ] To understand the health status of radiation workers in Baodi District of Tianjin City. [ Methods ] The occupational health examination data of 586 radiation workers were analyzed in Baodi District from 2007-2011. [Results] Of 586 workers, the abnormal rate of blood pressure, eyes, ultrasound examination, urine examination, blood routine examination, alanine aminotransferase vitality and ECG was 23. 72% , 17. 24% , 36. 34% , 5. 80% , 34. 81% , 12. 12% and 18. 26% , respectively. [Conclusion]Long-term exposure to low doses of ionizing radiation is harm to human body. Therefore, health surveillance should be strengthened.

  7. A Survey of Human Resources State of Community Nursing Care in Wuhou District of Chengdu City%成都市武侯区社区护理人力资源现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈娇; 何海蓉

    2013-01-01

    目的了解成都市武侯区社区护理人力资源状况,为合理配置社区护理人力资源、提高社区护理质量提供参考。方法采用方便抽样的方法,抽取成都市武侯区8家社区卫生服务中心护理人员进行问卷调查,资料统计运用统计软件SPSS进行分析。结果武侯社区卫生服务中心护士年龄、学历、职称偏低,对在职继续教育的重要性认识不足。结论完善社区护理人力资源建设,重视社区护士的在职继续教育培训,是提升社区卫生服务水平的关键。%Objective: To analyze the current status of human resources state of community nursing care in Wuhou district of Chengdu city, some reference could be provide for the development of community health service. Methods: Convenient sampling was carried out in a survey for nurses of 8 wuhou community health service centers in chengdu by questionnaire, a statistical analysis of it was made by using SPSS statistical analysis software. Results: The community nursing staf in Wuhou district showed lower in terms of age, educational level, professional title, also showed insuf icient to realize the importance of professional continuing education. Conclusion: The community nursing human resources play the vital role for the quality of community health service. We should perfect community nursing human resources construction, strengthen continuing education.

  8. Community Fitness Activity Situation Survey and Analysis in Changyi District of Jilin City%吉林市昌邑区社区健身活动的现状调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽

    2014-01-01

    Physical fitness exercise is a kind of sort activities, and a scientific practice, must master the theory and operation methods. Community sport has been a healthy lifestyle. The paper makes survey on 800 people in Changyi District in Jilin City by literature and questionnaire. It makes observation in fitness content, participation project, time, place, organization situation, existing facilities and usage rate. To enhance public understanding of people's sport value of the community, re-source development, and open neighboring unit school and sports venues, enhance human resources and improve the standard of sports. It finds out the existing problems, provides some reasonable advice and strategy, and the reference for improving community fitness development in Changyi District.%运用文献资料法、问卷调查法对吉林市昌邑区共600人进行调查,实地考察他(她)们的健身项目、参加健身活动时间、地点、组织状况以及现有场地设施和使用率,对加强宣传指导提高市民对社区运动价值的认识,加强社区健身场所资源开发,开放周边单位学校体育场所,提高体育指导员的指导水平进行分析,找出存在的问题,并提出了合理的对策和建议,为更好的促使昌邑区社区居民健身活动的开展提供参考依据。

  9. Hygiene Monitoring of 5 Categories of Food in Zichuan District of Zibo City%淄博市淄川区5类食品的卫生监测结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高瑞云

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To sample and detect 5 categories of food produced by small-scale food production and business units in Zi-chuan District of Zibo City, and analyze the existing problem so as to improve food safety. [Methods]The sampling, testing and e-valuation of carbonated beverages, preserves, bakery ( bread) , frozen drinks, fruit (vegetable) juice were based on the national standards. [Results] The pass rate of carbonated beverages, preserves food, cakes and bread, frozen drinks, fruit (vegetable) juice was 48.1% , 50.7% , 86. 5% , 85. 2% , 75. 6% , respectively. [ Conclusion] The food safety of small-scale food production and business units was not optimistic in Zichuan District. Food safety management should be strengthened.%目的 对淄博市淄川区小规模食品生产、经营单位的5类食品进行采样检测,分析存在的问题,以搞好食品安全工作.方法 按国家标准进行碳酸饮料、蜜饯食品、糕点(面包)、冷冻饮品、果(蔬)汁饮料的采样检测和评价.结果 碳酸饮料合格率为48.1%,蜜饯食品合格率为50.7%,糕点、面包合格率为86.5%,冷冻饮品合格率为85.2%,果、蔬汁饮料合格率为75.6%.结论 淄川区小规模食品生产、经营单位的食品安全状况均存在一定问题,应加强食品安全管理工作.

  10. Prevalence of Caries in Pupils in Nanchang District of Wuxi City in 2010%无锡市南长区2010年小学生龋齿患病情况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仲晓芸; 徐炜

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解无锡市南长区小学生的龋齿患病情况,及时科学地采取干预措施.方法 以视诊为主,在自然光线直视下,使用探针及平面口镜,按象限顺序逐牙检查,经探诊后方可做出诊断并记录.结果 在受检的13 427名小学生中,患病率为35.6%,其中男生35.3%,女生36.0%.低年级龋齿患病率高于高年级.结论 该区龋齿患病率较高,应加强对预防龋齿措施和策略的研究.%[ Objective]To understand the prevalence of caries in pupils in Nanchang district of Wuxi city, so as to cany out the scientific intervention measures duly. [Methods]The visual examination was adopted. Under natural light, by using probes and plane mouth mirror, the examination was conducted on every tooth in according to quadrant order. The diagnosis was made after probing examination, and was recorded. [ Results] Among 13 427 pupils, the prevalence was 35.6%. The prevalence of boys and girls was 35.3% and 36.0% , respectively. The prevalence of lower-grade pupils was higher than that of higher-grade pupils. [Conclusion] The prevalence of caries was high in this district. The research on measures and strategies of caries prevention should be strengthened.

  11. Investigation of Metabolic Syndrome in Junior Middle School Students of Shizhong District in Ji’nan City%济南市市中区初中学生代谢综合征状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔春妍; 王春香

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the incidence of metabolic syndrome(MetS) in junior middle school students of Shizhong district Ji’nan city in order to provide evidence for its prevention.Method:From 2008 to 2013,health checkup were given to 6862 junior middle school students in Shizhong district of Ji’nan city.The detection rates of MetS and its associative signs were analyzed and compared.Result:The detection rate of MetS was 1.4%.The difference in detection rates of MetS between boys and girls was not statistically significant(P>0.05).Boys with hypertension were more than girls with hypertension,boys with low HDL were less than girls with low HDL,the differences above were all statistically significant(P0.05).The differences in detection rates of central obesity,high TG,low HDL and hypertension in different ages were statistically significant(P0.05),男生高血压人数多于女生,低HDL人数少于女生,比较差异均有统计学意义(P0.05),各年龄段中心性肥胖、高TG、低HDL及高血压检出率比较差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01),中心性肥胖检出率15岁年龄组最高;中心性肥胖初中生MetS相关症状高TG、低HDL、高血压、高血糖检出率均明显高于非中心性肥胖者,比较差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论:应采取措施控制青少年肥胖以减少青少年代谢综合征的发生。

  12. 天津市宝坻区农药中毒报告现状的分析%Analysis of pesticide poisoning reports in Baodi District of Tianjin City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘河

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解天津市宝坻区农药中毒的现状.方法 对2010-2012年每年上报的农药中毒报告卡进行统计学分析.结果 2010-2012年宝坻区报告农药中毒102例,其中生产性中毒、生活性中毒分别占总中毒例数的67.65%和32.35%,病死率为10.78%.中毒者平均年龄为37.26岁,20 ~59岁青壮年占93.14%;生产性中毒以男性为主,生活性中毒以女性为主;中毒农药的类别分布以杀虫剂为主,占54.90%;且以敌敌畏有机磷中毒为主.结论 目前宝坻区农药中毒的严重性应引起社会,特别是政府和卫生工作人员的关注.%[Objective] To understand the status of pesticide poisoning in Baodi District of Tianjin City.[Methods] The annually reported pesticide poisoning cards were statistically analyzed from 2010-2012.[Results] From 2010-2012,102 cases of pesticide poisoning were reported in Baodi District.The cases of poisoning in production and in daily life occupied 67.65% and 32.35% of total cases,the mortality rate was 10.78%.The average age of the poisoned people was 37.26 years,20-59 years occupied 93.16%.Most cases of poisoning in production were male,and most cases of poisoning in daily life were female.The main kind of pesticide caused poisoning was insecticide (54.90%),mainly was dichlorvos organophosphate poisoning.[Conclusion] The severity of pesticide poisoning should attract social attentions in Baodi District,especially from government and health workers.

  13. Results of Health Surveillance on Public Articles in Public Places in Fengrun District of Tangshan City%唐山市丰润区公共场所公共用品卫生监测结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉芬; 亢喜刚; 运玲

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective ] To understand the health condition of public articles in public places in Fengrun district of Tangshan city,provide the scientific basis for supervision and management. [ Methods ] According to the Rules of health monitoring for public places ( GB/T 17220 - 1998 ), and the microbiological detection was conducted on public articles and air samples from four types of public places in Fengrun district. [ Results] 1 635 of 1 804 samples were qualified, and the qualified rate was 90.63%. The qualified rate in hotels was the highest, and that in public bathrooms was the lowest, which bathtubs and slippers were the worst. The air quality of hotels was the best, followed by hairdressing stores, public bathrooms and ebtertainment places in sequence. [ Conclusion ] The hygiene condition of air in entertainment places and public articles in bathing business was poor in Fengrun district, and the health management of public places should be strengthened.%目的 了解唐山市丰润区公共场所公共用品的卫生状况,为监督管理工作提供科学依据.方法 按照GB/T 17220-1998,对丰润区4类公共场所的公共用品和空气采样进行了微生物学检测.结果 共检测各类样品1 804份,合格1 635份,合格率为90.63%;旅店业合格率最高,公共浴室合格率最低,其中以浴缸和拖鞋合格率最低;空气质量的优劣依次为旅店业、美容美发业、公共浴室、文化娱乐场所.结论 丰润区文化娱乐场所空气和洗浴业公共用品的卫生状况较差,应加强公共场所卫生管理工作.

  14. Institutional Factors Affecting the Economic Performance of Peasant Special Cooperative Organization——A Case of Cuiping District,Yibin City,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Literatures about the institutional arrangement of the Peasant Special Cooperative Organization are summarized.Based on the introduction of theoretical background,the overall level of annual earnings in the year 2008 is selected as a dependent variable to evaluate the economic performance of cooperative organizations,according to the investigation on 54 Peasant Special Cooperative Organizations in Cuiping District,Sichuan Province,China.A total of 13 institutional indices passing the correlation test are chosen as independent variables.Relationship between the development level and the institutional factors affecting the economic performance of cooperative organizations is studied by using factor analysis method.Result shows that there is relatively high consistency between the score of institutional factor and the development level of cooperative organization.Both macroscopic support system and internal benefit distribution system have greater impacts on the Peasant Special Cooperative Organization;the internal supervision factor and the interest factor of core members have insignificant impacts on the economic performance;and the production management factor has little effect on economic performance.Based on this,several suggestions are put forward,including standardizing and reforming the system,improving the countermeasures for economic performance,strengthening the support and policy guidance for Peasant Special Cooperative Organization,improving and standardizing the distribution of benefit system,the security system and monitoring system for core members’ interests,and fully reflecting the interests of core members.

  15. Congressional Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This layer depicts the 114th Congressional Districts for the United States. Found within this layer is the listing of the 114th House of Representatives. Elected to...

  16. Wastewater Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — The Wastewater districts layer is part of a larger dataset that contains administrative boundaries for Vermont's Agency of Natural Resources. The dataset includes...

  17. Wildlife Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — The Wildlife Districts layer is part of a larger dataset contains administrative boundaries for Vermont's Agency of Natural Resources. The dataset includes feature...

  18. Warden Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — This dataset is a representation overlay of warden (areas of responsibility). The Vermont Warden Districts layer is part of a dataset that contains administrative...

  19. Forestry Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — The Forestry Districts layer is part of a dataset that contains administrative boundaries for Vermont's Agency of Natural Resources. This is a layer file which...

  20. Fisheries Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — The Fisheries districts data layer is part of a larger dataset that contains administrative boundaries for Vermont's Agency of Natural Resources. The dataset...

  1. Park Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — The Parks Districts layer is part of a dataset contains administrative boundaries for Vermont's Agency of Natural Resources. The dataset includes feature classes for...

  2. Analysis of district-level evaluation results after reaching the goal of eliminating iodine deficiency disorders in Xiamen city%厦门市消除碘缺乏病目标区级考评结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍啸青; 戴龙; 陈敏; 张亚平; 陈忠龙; 张燕峰; 洪清祺

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the change in the state of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) after achieving the stage goal of eliminating IDD in Xiamen city and to evaluate the effect of prevention and treatment measures, provide scientific basis for the development of control strategies. Methods There were 6 districts in the city, and each district as a unit was to carry out the inspection for organization and leadership, iodine salt management, monitoring and control, health education (referred to as the four management indicators) according to "the county - level assessment and evaluation implementation detailed rules of realizing the goal to eliminate IDD in Fujian province". According to the east, west, south, north and middle position in each district, a village and a primary school were selected. If there were less than five towns in the district, all towns have been selected. Forty 8 to 10 years old children in each school were randomly selected to check thyroid and among them 20 children were collected urine samples to determine urinary iodine. According to national monitoring standard of IDD, the household salt in each district were collected to test salt iodine, checking the 8 to 10 years old children's goiter situation by palpation, determining the salt - iodine by direct titration, determining the urine - iodine by arsenic cerium catalytic spectrophotometry. Results The average scores of the four management indicators was 93.1 in Xiamen city. The adjusted goiter rate of children aged 8 to 10 years old was 1.7%. The urinary median iodine was 186.7 μg/L, the proportion of urine - iodine level 的要求,2009年对厦门市的6个区开展组织领导、碘盐管理、监测与防治、健康教育(简称4项管理指标)的检查;以区为单位,每个区按东、西、南、北、中5个方位抽取1个镇(镇数在5个以下的区则全部抽取),每个镇各抽查1所小学,每所小学抽取8~10岁学生40名以上进行甲状腺检查,其中抽取20名学

  3. Virtual District, Real Improvement: A Retrospective Evaluation of the Chancellor's District, 1996-2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phenix, Deinya; Siegel, Dorothy; Zaltsman, Ariel; Fruchter, Norm

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes the origins, structure, and components of the Chancellor's District, and details the findings about its outcomes for elementary schools. The Chancellor's District initiative ended in July 2003, with the implementation of a system-wide restructuring policy that reorganized the entire New York City school system. The 32…

  4. The Design and Compilation of High-Resolution Image Map of Cities and Administrative District of Shaanxi Province%陕西省设区市高分辨率影像地图的设计与编制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵力彬; 周晓敏; 赵曦; 李庆东

    2013-01-01

    Image map is of the attributes of RS image and DLC, which can be absolutely clear at a glance and well understood by the readers without certain skills of mapping. Based on the design and compilation of high - resolution image map of 10 cities and administrative district of Shaanxi province, the author introduces the general idea about image map and the key technology and methods of image map compilation.%影像地图具有影像与线划地图的双重优势,读者无需专门的地图知识便能对图上的内容一目了然,受到广大读者的接受和喜爱.本文结合陕西省十个设区市高分辨率影像地图的设计与编制,介绍了影像地图的总体设计思想以及编制的关键技术和方法.

  5. Optimization study of solid waste collection and transportation system of Binhu New District in Hefei City%合肥市滨湖新区固体垃圾收运系统优化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江浔; 张睿; 徐得潜

    2016-01-01

    As a part of the integrated urban waste management system ,the waste collection and trans‐portation system is of importance .The cost of urban solid waste collection and transportation ac‐counts for a large proportion in the total waste treatment cost .It can effectively save cost to deal well with the waste collection and transportation problems .In this paper ,taking the waste collection and transportation system of Binhu New District in Hefei City as an example ,the optimization models of the vehicle collection and transportation route and transfer station location are established ,w hich can provide a decision‐making basis for actual waste collection and transportation operations .%作为城市垃圾综合管理系统的一个组成部分,垃圾收运系统占据着重要位置。城市固体垃圾收运费用在垃圾总处理费用中占有较大的比例,研究垃圾收运问题,能有效地节约成本。文章以合肥市滨湖新区垃圾收运系统为例,建立了车辆收运路线、转运站选址优化模型,为实际垃圾收运作业提供决策依据。

  6. The Investigation of Prisoners'underage Children in Daiyue District of Tai - an City%泰安市岱岳区服刑在教人员未成年子女状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李慧敏; 毕先进; 陈妤

    2012-01-01

    Adolescent Problem has attracted widespread attention, Prisoners'underage Children as a very special group of young people cannot be ignored. In this paper, by the investigation of prisoners' underage children in Daiyue district of Tai -an city, we can understand their behavior, mental status and treatment of certain issues or matters of attitude, look for problems that exist in this group, explore the causes, and then put forward corresponding countermeasures.%青少年问题受到社会各界的普遍关注,而服刑在教人员未成年子女作为青少年群体中十分特殊的群体也备受重视。本文主要通过对泰安市岱岳区服刑在教人员未成年子女的调查,了解他们的行为、心理状况及对待某些问题或事物的态度,从中寻找这一群体存在的各种问题,探求问题产生的原因,并在此基础上提出相关的对策。

  7. 北京市东城区中小学教室卫生学现状分析%Analysis of the classroom health's status for primary and secondary schools in Dongcheng District of Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马莉蓉; 黄剑辉; 秦媛

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解北京市东城区中小学校教学环境卫生现状,为不断改善学生学习、生活环境提供参考依据.方法 选取北京市东城区70所中小学校的210间教室,进行教室人均面积、课桌椅、采光、照明、微小气候及黑板等方面的卫生学检测,并对检测数据进行统计学分析.结果 中小学校教室人均面积、课桌面照度、课桌及课椅分配符合达标率分别为97.14%、91.43%、76.19%和87.62%;黑板照明、窗地比、采光系数、后墙反射系数、教室CO2浓度及教室温度达标率分别为20.00%、41.43%、16.67%、51.90%、42.86%和35.71%.结论 北京市东城区各中小学校教学环境现状以黑板照明低和教室采光不足为突出问题.%OBJECTIVE To study the teaching environment's health status of on primary and secondary schools in Dongcheng District of Beijing City so as to provide reference evidence for improving the studying and living environment of the students.METHODS The schools health were measured in 210 classrooms of 70 primary and secondary schools in the entire district and the classroom space per capita,desk and chair,classroom lighting and illumination,microclimate,and blackboard were collected and analyzed statistically by SPSS 11.5.RESULTS The qualified rates of classroom space per capita,table and chair illumination,desk allocation,and chair allocation were 97.14%,91.43%,76.19% and 87.62% respectively.The qualified rates of blackboard illumination,window land ratio,illumination coefficient,reflection coefficient of backboard,CO2 density and temperature in the classrooms were 20.00%,41.43%,16.67%,51.90%,42.86% and 35.71% respectively.CONCLUSION It is the biggest problem that the blackboard illumination and the classroom lighting of the teaching environment is not sufficient of primary and secondary schools in Dongcheng District of Beijing City.

  8. Incidence of AEFI in Heping District of Tianjin City from 2008-2011%2008-2011年天津市和平区疑似预防接种异常反应发生情况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于爽

    2013-01-01

    目的 研究预防接种异常反应发生的一般规律,探讨降低反应发生率的方法,客观评价疫苗使用的安全性.方法 对2008-2011年天津市和平区疑似预防接种异常反应(AEFI)监测结果进行统计分析.结果 2008-2011年和平区累计报告接种183 459针次,共报告AEFI 42例.各种疫苗总AEFI发生率为22.89/10万.病例主要发生时间为6~9月,以1岁组及以下年龄组为主,其中一般反应27例,异常反应13例,偶合病例2例.麻疹与流行性乙型脑炎疫苗联合免疫AEFI发生率最高,其次为DPT疫苗、白破疫苗.结论 该区疫苗使用存在一定程度不安全性,应改良疫苗生产工艺,严格按照操作要求接种,适当减少2种减毒活疫苗联合免疫,加强主动监测.%[Objective]To explore the general rules of adverse events following immunization (AEFI) , to find ways to reduce the AEFI incidence, and objectively evaluate the safety of the vaccine use. [Methods] Statistical analysis was conducted on the AEFI cases in Heping District of Tianjin City from 2008-2011. [Results] A total of 183 459 persons were vaccinated in Heping District of Tianjin City from 2008-2011, with 42 AEFI cases. The total incidence was 22. 89/10 000. The cases occurred mainly from June to September. The most were children aged from 8 month-1 year old. There were 27 cases with vaccine general reactions, 13 cases with vaccine paradoxical reaction,2 cases with coincidental illness. The highest AEFI incidence was Japanese B Encephalitis vaccine (JEV) combined vaccination with measles vaccine ( MV) , followed by the Diphtheria-Pertussis-Tetanus triple vaccine ( DPT) and PT. [ Conclusion] The vaccine use has a certain degree of insecurity in this district. The quality of vaccines should be improved, injection should be in accordance with the requirements of the operation,2 live attenuated vaccines combined vaccination should be reduced and the active surveillance should be strengthened.

  9. Epidemiological analysis of newly confirmed HIV/AIDS in 2010 in Longgang District of Shenzhen City%2010年深圳市龙岗区新确认HIV/AIDS流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨永平; 李晓霞; 刘渠; 龙清平; 覃佩兰

    2012-01-01

    Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of newly confirmed HIV/AIDS in 2010 in Longgang District of Shenzhen City. Methods Descriptive epidemiologic method was used in analysis of the epidemiological characteristics of newly confirmed HIV/AIDS in 2010 in Longgang District of Shenzhen City. Results A total of 212 HIV/ AIDS cases were newly confirmed in 2010 in Longgang District. Among them, there were 142 HIV cases and 70 AIDS cases.. The 151 cases were males, whereas 61 cases were females with a ratio of 2.48;1. The majority of reported cases were young adults, Those in 20-40 years age group accounted for 72.7%.There were 19 cases over 50 years old accounting for 9.0%. Most of the cases were distributed in areas with mobile population. There were 162 cases acquired the infection through sexual transmission, occupied 76.4% and 29.7% of them acuired the infection through homolous sexual transmission showing an increading trend. Conclusion The epidemic of HIV/AIDS in Longgang is severe and the disease is spread from high risk population to general population, thus effectiive and comprehensive meaures be taken to control the transmission of the diseases.%目的 分析深圳市龙岗区2010年新确认艾滋病病毒感染者/艾滋病病人(HIV/AIDS)流行病学特点.方法 运用描述流行病学方法对深圳市龙岗区2010年新确认HIV/AIDS资料进行分析.结果 2010年龙岗区新确认HIV/AIDS 212例,其中艾滋病病毒感染者(HIV)142例,艾滋病病人(AIDS)70例.男性151例,女性61人,男女性别比为2.48∶1.报告病例大部分为青壮年,年龄在20~40岁的占72.7%.50岁以上达到19例,占9.0%.病例主要分布在流动人口多、工厂较集中的地区(街道),布吉56例(占26.4%)、龙岗33例(占15.6%)、平湖26例(占12.3%)、坂田21例(9.9%).经性传播162例,占76.4%,其中经同性传播的比例明显上升,达到29.7%.结论 深圳市龙岗区的艾滋病疫情形势严峻,传

  10. Analysis of the 2013 Guangzhou Imported Malaria Epidemic in Yuexiu District City%2013年广州市越秀区输入性疟疾疫情分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗晓风; 廖寅斌; 余丹丹; 湛柳华; 肖晓玲

    2014-01-01

    Objective To analysis imported malaria epidemic in Yuexiu District,Guangzhou city in 2013,and in order to further strengthen and provide scientific basis for imported malaria prevention and control.Methods By descripting analysis imported malaria epidemic reported data in Yuexiu District Guangzhou City in 2013.Results Yuexiu District had reported 64 cases imported malaria,55 cases of Falciparum malaria(85.94%),7 cases of Plasmodium vivax malaria (10.94%),and first discovered 2 cases of Ovale malaria;the male to female ratio was 5.4:1,the average age was (36.06± 8.65).The main source of cases:25 cases of Africa foreign business(39.06%),25 cases of overseas labor output(39.06%);Al the year round case reported but it wasn’t apparent seasonal distribution,according to the main input source area Africa dry season(From October to March)reported 30 cases,the rainy season(From April to September) reported 34 cases.Patients within 24 hours with only 12 cases(18.75%),63 cases were cured after drug treatment,and 1 cases died.Conclusion Strengthen the returned overseas screening and health education who came back from epidemic area of malaria,to improve the diagnostic ability of the grass-roots units,and avoid deaths occurred and the risk of secondary transmission.%目的:分析2013年广州市越秀区输入性疟疾疫情,为进一步加强输入性疟疾防治工作提供科学依据。对2013年广州市越秀区输入性疟疾疫情报告数据进行描述性分析。结果2013年广州市越秀区输入性疟疾64例,其中恶性疟55例(85.94%),间日疟7例(10.94%),首次发现卵形疟2例(3.12%);病例中男女比例为5.4:1,患者平均年龄为(36.06±8.65)岁,病例主要来源:非洲外籍来华经商25例(39.06%),病例外出主要为境外劳务输出25例(39.06%);全年均有病例报告,按照主要输入源地区非洲旱季(10~次年3月)30例,雨季(4~9月)34例,季节性

  11. The survey to the Status Quo of the Elderly Taijiquan Movement in Hetang District of Zhuzhou City%株洲市荷塘区中老年人太极拳运动开展状况的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄凯凤

    2014-01-01

    通过对太极拳运动的作用和开展状况做了大量研究,根据株洲市荷塘区中老年人太极拳运动开展的状况和问题,进行了调查和分析,提出了株洲市荷塘区开展太极拳运动健身的改进方案,为更好的发挥太极拳在社区健身的作用,并为株洲市荷塘区全面推进全民健身活动,总结经验并提出了对策。%Based on a lot of research on the effect and developments of Taijiquan , this paper conducted a survey and analysis of the status quo and problems of the elderly Taijiquan movement in Hetang District of Zhuzhou city, put forward the improvement scheme of Taijiquan fitness carrying out in Hetang District of Zhuzhou city, for better playing the role of taijiquan in the community fitness , and sum up the experience and put forward countermeasures to comprehensively promote the nationwide fitness activities in Hetang District of Zhuzhou City.

  12. A survey report on dermatitis patients in hospital in Baoan district of Shenzhen city from 1992 to 2006%深圳市某区1992至2006年皮炎住院病例的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱志良; 叶伟国; 王绵珍; 张虹; 吴俊华

    2010-01-01

    目的 了解近年来深圳市某区皮炎住院患者的流行病学分布特点,为研究三氯乙烯(TCE)药疹样皮炎和预防提供依据.方法 对1992至2006年该区及其各街道医院的住院皮炎患者临床资料进行描述性分析.结果该区住院皮炎患者共645例,1998至2005年患者总人数呈上升趋势,主要年龄段为16~岁,其次为26~岁,工人占多数.过敏性皮炎(34.1%)、药物性皮炎(30.8%)、TCE药疹样皮炎(9.3%),依次为住院皮炎病例的前3位.60例TCE药疹样皮炎病例中有过敏史者2例(3.3%),与其他皮炎病例(144例,22.6%)比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);TCE药疹样皮炎患者肝功能异常的比例(71.7%)较高,与其他皮炎(13.8%)比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);患者主要分布于电子、五金、电镀行业.结论 TCE药疹样皮炎危害严重,加强工人的自我保护意识,重视重点行业、重点工种工人的工初观察和健康监护,减少职业接触机会,可以有效地减少TCE所致皮炎的发生.%Objective To analyze the epidemiological distribution of dermatitis patients in hospital and provide basis for studying the basic conditions and the prevention of dermatitis especially TCE-induced dermatitis in Baoan District of Shenzhen City.Methods All dermatitis patients in hospital in Baoan District from 1992 to 2006 were descriptively analyzed.Results There were 645 dermatitis patients in hospital in Baoan District.The total number of patients tended to rise in recent years,mainly in group of 16~ years old,followed by 26~ years old,with the majority of workers.The clinical diagnosis was allergic dermatitis (34.1%),drug-induced dermatitis and TCE-induced dermatitis (9.3%).Two among 60 patients with TCE-induced dermatitis had history of allergy (3.3%) with significat difference (P<0.05) compared with the patients with other dermatitis(144,22.6%).The risk of hepatic dysfunction in TCE-induced dermatitis(71.7%) was significantly greater

  13. Analysis on prevalence of dental caries among pupils in Maojian District of Shiyan City in 2012%2012年十堰市茅箭区小学生龋齿患病现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左嵘

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解十堰市茅箭区儿童龋齿患病的现状,旨在有效预防儿童龋齿的发生,降低该区儿童龋齿患病率,增进儿童口腔健康.方法 对茅箭辖区11所公立小学学生进行口腔免费检查.按常规用口镜、探针在自然光线下进行逐个视诊、探查,凡乳牙龋、补和恒牙龋、失、补均作为龋齿统计.结果 检查6 ~12岁小学生共计3 190人,其中男生1 646人,女生1 544人.患龋人数为2 243人,总龋患率为70.31%.人均患龋数为2.58颗.其中男生患龋人数为990人,龋患率为60.15%,女生患龋人数1 253人,龋患率为81.15%.结论 该区小学生龋齿患病情况比较严重.该区积极开展口腔检查工作,以利于提高学生的口腔保健知识水平,使学生养成良好的口腔卫生习惯,并提高学生的口腔健康水平.%[Objective] To understand the status of prevalence of dental caries among children in Maojian District of Shiyan City,effectively prevent the dental caries in children,reduce the prevalence of dental caries in this district,and promote oral health of children.[Methods] The free oral examination was conducted in pupils of 11 public primary schools in Maojian District.According to conventional way,pupils were examined by oral mirror and probe under natural light.The caries and dental filling of deciduous teeth,as well as the caries,loss and dental filling of permanent teeth were regarded as the dental caries.[Results] A total of 3 190 pupils aged 6-12 years old were examined,including 1 646 boys and 1 544 girls.2 243 pupils were suffering from dental caries,and the total prevalence rate was 70.31%.The average caries number was 2.58.990 boys had the dental caries with the prevalence rate of 60.15%,while 1 253 girls had the dental caries with the prevalence rate of 81.15%.[Conclusion] The status of dental caries among pupils is serious in Maojian District.It is important to carry out the oral examination,to improve the level of

  14. Survey of health literacy among of residents in Yuexiu District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province%广东省广州市越秀区城市居民健康素养调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖寅斌; 江汀; 许斌; 周文; 张明; 路娟; 何斯哲

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解广东省广州市越秀区居民健康素养水平及影响因素,为制定健康教育干预措施和策略提供依据.方法 通过多阶段随机抽样的方法,对越秀区481名居民进行问卷调查,了解居民健康素养情况.结果 越秀区居民具备健康素养的比例是6.9%,具备基本知识和理念、健康生活方式与行为、基本技能素养的比例分别是11.6%、5.6%和27.2%.不同年龄段居民的总体健康素养水平存在差异(P0.05).认知最差的健康素养题目是水传播疾病、急救知识、四害传播疾病知识、控烟行为、孕期保健行为等.结论 越秀区居民总体健康素养水平偏低,不同文化程度和年龄段的居民健康素养水平存在差异.今后可扩大健康素养传播的范围,采用多种方式进行健康教育干预.%Objective To understand the status and factors of intellectual and conceptual, behavioral and skillful health literacy among residents in Yuexiu District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province, and to provide evidence for the development of health education intervention strategies and measures. Methods By means of multistage random sampiing, 481 residents from Yuexiu District were selected by multistage random sampling and were investigated by health literacy questionnaires. Results The overall level of health literacy was 6. 9% among urban residents of Yuexiu District.The health literacy levels of basic health concept and knowledge, healthy lifestyle and behaviors, and health related skills were 11.6%, 5. 6% and 27. 2% respectively. The overall health literacy levels were different among residents of different age groups and residents of different education levels, and the differences had statistical significance (P < 0. 05 ). There was not statistical significance in the differences of health literacy levels among male and female residents ( P > 0. 05 ). The health literacy awareness rates of residents were low in water

  15. 陕西省渭河流域各城区水资源社会可再生性评价%Social Renewability of Water Resources of the Cities and District in the Weihe River Basin,Shanxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高蕾; 任志远; 王丽霞

    2009-01-01

    The Weihe River basin mainly lies in arid and semi-arid regions of Shaanxi province, and many cities in this area faced the problem of water scarcity. Social renewability of water resources is purely about the characteristics of water resources in its utilization.The improvement of it is significant for utilizing water resource in high-efficiency. In this article, the methods, which used several indexes to show social renewability of water resources in water scarcity cities of the Weihe River basin, were put forward. By establishing the evaluation index system of social renewability of city water resources, grade evaluation standard,and introducing gray correlation theory, this gray correlation theory has been used to evaluate the degree of social renewability in cities. The results show that Baoji' s social renewability of water resources in the cities of the Wei River Basin is at the highest level, xi' an and Xianyang are at the stronger level of, Yangling district is at the middle level of,Weinan and Tongchuan are at the weaker level of. And the measures to improve it were also put forward finally.%陕西省渭河流域位于干旱、半干旱区,流域内许多城市都面临着水资源短缺问题.水资源社会可再生性是水资源在利用过程中所表现出的特性,其值的增强对于实现水资源的高效利用具有重要意义.本文针对陕西省渭河流域提出了基于若干指标来综合表征缺水城市水资源社会可再生性的方法,并在此基础上对该漉域6个城区的水资源社会可再生性进行了评价.通过建立城市水资源社会可再生性评价指标体系、分级评价标准.引入灰色关联理论,构建了灰色关联分析等级评价模型,并运用该模型分析了研究区域内各城区的水资源可再生程度.研究结果表明,宝鸡的水资源社会可再生性最强,西安、咸阳较强,杨凌区中等.渭南、铜川较弱.本文最后提出了增强这些城市水资源社会可再生性的途径.

  16. DESIGN EXPERIMENT WITH SOLAR ENERGY IN THE ELABORATION OF 25-STOREY RESIDENTIAL COMPLEX FOR THE CRIMEA DISTRICT OF THE SEVASTOPOL CITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kovaleva Alesya Sergeevna

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The scientific project examines the issues of energy efficiency, renewable energy sources, as well as ecology. In today's world the ecological issues are more current than ever. Some of them are ozone holes, disappearance of many species of animals and plants, exhaustible fuel reserves. Ecology is a huge problem of our civilization, which may be solved by paying more attention to energy efficiency in the process of urban development. In the implementation of energy efficiency experiments it is necessary to involve the efforts of scientists, politicians, non-governmental organizations, but first and foremost — of inventors, architects and designers. Energy efficiency in civil construction is presented in the article as an area allowing us to find design solutions basing on renewable energy sources, in particular photocell energy. Project experiment data on a residential high-rise complex in the city of Sevastopol is considered. The author presents design calculations and the comparison of the variants of design decisions on the use of photovoltaic cells producing energy to illuminate the underground car park of a residential high-rise complex. In the future, the use of photovoltaic cells as cladding structures may change the energy characteristics of buildings in case of transition to production scale implementation of the technology. This makes it possible to consider the prospects of urban development growth and improvement of the economy of the construction of expensive facilities. However, subsequent design experiments should be based mostly on other types of facilities and should take into account the impact of wind and aerodynamic performance of buildings in case of application of photovoltaic cells on roofs and facades. The results of the design experiment allow initially investigating the regularities of urban conditions and the amount of energy produced by building surfaces. Thus, the provided concept and the design experiment can be

  17. 重庆市某区2003~2014年艾滋病疫情分析%Analysis on AIDS epidemic situation in Changshou district of Chongqing city from 2003 to 2014

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张昊

    2015-01-01

    目的:分析重庆市某区2003~2014年人类免疫缺陷病毒(HIV)感染状况及流行特征,以便为重庆市某区制定防治艾滋病相关策略提供科学依据。方法利用中国疾病预防控制信息系统艾滋病综合防治信息系统(新)收集相关信息资料,对重庆市某区2003~2014年HIV感染者和艾滋病患者的相关数据进行分析。结果2003~2014年重庆市某区艾滋病疫情逐渐上升,共计报告718例,HIV感染者443例(61.70%),艾滋病患者275例(38.30%)。718例HIV/艾滋病患者中男585例(81.48%),女133例(18.52%);以40~<50岁[34.12%(245/718)]、家务及待业[27.86%(200/718)]、初中文化程度[52.37%(376/718)]为主,传播途径主要以异性性传播[57.66%(414/718)]、注射毒品传播[20.89%(150/718)]、同性性传播[15.60%(112/718)]为主。结论重庆市某区为艾滋病疫情一类县区,性传播及注射吸毒为最主要传播途径,高危人群普遍缺乏预防艾滋病相关知识,男男性接触人群、老年感染者逐年上升,已成为当前艾滋病防治工作的重点。%Objective To analyze the infection status and epidemic characteristics of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)in a district of Chongqing city from 2003 to 2014 so as to provide the scientific basis for Changshou district formulating AIDS related prevention strategies. Methods The related information data of HIV infected persons and AIDS patients in Chang-shou district during 2003-2014 were collected from the AIDS Comprehensive Prevention and Treatment Information System in the China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention and analyzed by using the descriptive epidemiology method. Re-sults Totally 718 cases of HIV infection/AIDS were reported in Changshou district ,including 443 cases (61.70%) of HIV infec-tion and 275 cases(38.30%) of AIDS. In 718 cases of HIV infection/AIDS,585 cases(81.48%)were males and 133

  18. 江门市新会区乳母成熟乳主要营养成分分析%Analysis on main nutritional ingredients in mature milk of lying-in women in Xinhui district of Jiangmen city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李思会; 李燕钰; 谭建珍

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To understand the contents of main nutritional ingredients in mature milk of lying - in women in Xinhui district of Jiangmen city and the differences among lying - in women with different ages, parities, and delivery modes. Methods: Breast milk samples (20 ml) of 1 250 full - term lying - in women at 42 days after delivery were collected in Xinhui district of Jiangmen city, the contents of main nutritional ingredients (protein, lipid, and lactose) in breast milk samples were detected, and then the results were compared with reference values, the percentages of lying - in women whose contents of main nutritional ingredients reached the reference values were analyzed statistically; the differences of contents of main nutritional ingredients among lying - in women with different ages, parities, and delivery modes were analyzed statistically. Results: The contents of lactose and protein in mature milk of lying - in women in Xinhui district were stable, which reached the reference values or were higher than the reference values; the content of lipid was unstable, 34.7% of them reached the reference value, 3. 6% of them were higher than the reference value, and 61. 8% of them were lower than the reference value; there was no statistically significant difference in the contents of main nutritional ingredients in mature milk among lying - in women with different ages ( 20 - 29 - year - old, 30 - 34 - year - old, and > 35 - year - old), parities (primiparous women and parturient women) , and delivery modes ( vaginal delivery and cesarean section) ( P > 0. 05) . Conclusion: The nutritional status of lying - in women in Xinhui district is good generally, but the content of lipid in breast milk is unstable, the proportion of lying - in women with contents of main nutritional ingredients lower than the reference values is high, dietary nutritional guidance targeting to lying - in women should be conducted widely to further improve the quality of breast milk; the main

  19. Analysis on monitoring results of disinfection quality in medical institutions in Bincheng District of Binzhou City%滨州市滨城区医疗卫生机构消毒质量监测结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    权永芬

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective]To know the quality of disinfection and sterilization in medical institutions, improve the disinfection management and infection control. [ Methods ] The monitoring results of disinfection quality in medical institutions at various levels in Bincheng District of Binzhou City during 2009-2011 were analyzed to understand the main problems of disinfection in medical institutions. [ Results] A total of 2 076 samples were collected during 2009-2011, and the total qualified rate was 92.44%. From 2009 to 2011, the annual qualified rate was 90.88% , 92. 17% and 93.91% , respectively. The qualified rate of different items in descending order was in-use disinfectants (100% ) , sterilized articles (97.96% ) , hands of medical staff (92.35% ) , object surface (91.81% ) and indoor air (88. 47% ). [Conclusion]There are some problems of disinfection quality in medical institutions in Bincheng district. It is essential to carry out related measures, as well as strengthen the monitoring and management.%目的 了解医疗卫生机构消毒灭菌工作质量,加强医疗消毒与感染控制管理工作.方法 通过对滨州市滨城区各级医疗卫生机构2009-2011年消毒质量监测结果的分析,了解掌握医疗卫生机构在消毒工作中存在的问题.结果 2009-2011年共采集样品2 076份,总合格率为92.44%:2009-2011年合格率分别为90.88%、92.17%、93.91%.不同项目检测合格率由高到低依次为使用中消毒剂(100%)、灭菌物品(97.96%)、医护人员手(92.35%)、物体表面(91.81%)、室内空气(88.47%).结论 滨城区医疗卫生机构消毒工作质量还存在一些问题,需要采取进一步措施,加强监督和管理.

  20. 基于RS和GIS的韶关市浈江区土地利用格局变化分析%Land Use Pattern Change in Zhenjiang District of Shaoguan City Analysis Based on RS and GIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文; 钟文平; 陈世发

    2014-01-01

    土地利用格局变化是全球环境变化与可持续发展的重要研究内容。根据2009年和2012年韶关市浈江区遥感影像图,通过RS和GIS空间分析方法,分析浈江区土地利用格局及变化状况。研究结果表明:①城镇村及工矿用地和交通运输用地绝对面积增加,其余土地利用类型绝对面积均减少,绝对面积的变化与土地利用绝对面积大小相关;②交通运输用地的增加率最大,达48.28%,递减率最大的土地利用类型为其他土地,速率高达11.40%;③耕地、林地、草地、水域及水利设施用地和未利用地主要向城镇村及工矿用地转移,园地主要向交通运输用地转移,城镇村及工矿用地主要向林地转移,而交通运输用地没有发生转移。%land use change is an important part of global environmental change and sustainable development. According to the remote sensing images in 2009 and 2012 in Zhenjiang District of Shaoguan City, through the RS and GIS spatial analysis method, analysis patterns and changes of land use status in Zhenjiang district. The results showed that: urban village and industrial and mining land and transportation land area increased, the remaining land use type absolute area were reduced, the absolute area change and land use absolute size related; the traffic land increase rate, up to 48.28%, the largest decline rate of land use type for other land, rates of up to 11.40%; the cultivated land, woodland, grassland, and water conservancy facilities land and unused land mainly to the urban village and industrial land, garden mainly to the transportation land transfer, urban village and industrial land to forest land transfer, and transportation land without metastasis.

  1. 秦皇岛市北戴河区老年人群超重和肥胖现况调查%Current status of overweight and obesity among elderly population in Beidaihe District of Qinhuangdao City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘学双; 康凯燕; 张海滨; 王雪欧; 孙香云; 任力; 刘世娟

    2012-01-01

    目的 调查秦皇岛市北戴河区老年人群超重和肥胖现况,为降低老年人的超重和肥胖发生率,减少各种慢性疾病的危险因素提供依据.方法 依据中国成人超重、肥胖筛在标准,对不同性别和年龄段的老年人的超重和肥胖率进行比较,用x2检验;对不同的形态指标的比较,用t检验.结果 北戴河区老年人总体超重率为43.52%,肥胖率为15.41%.男女的身高、体重、腰围、臀围形态指标,均差异有统计学意义(均P <0.01).不同性别和不同年龄段超重和肥胖没有统计学差异.结论 北戴河老年人的超重和肥胖已成为普遍存在的、严重的公共卫生问题.%[Objective]To investigate the status of overweight and obesity among elderly population in Beidaihe District of Qinhuangdao City, and provide evidence for reducing the incidence of overweight and obesity, and chronic disease risk factors. [Methods] Based on the " Screening standards for overweight and obesity among Chinese adults" , the overweight and obesity rates of the elderly with different gender and age groups were compared and then tested by χ2. The τ test was used for the comparison of different morphological indicators. [Results] The overall overweight rate of the elderly was 43.52% , the obesity rate was 15. 41%. Height, weight, waist circumference, hip circumference were significantly different between genders (all P <0.01) . Overweight and obesity between genders and age groups were not significant. [Conclusion] Overweight and obesity of the elderly in Beidaihe District has become common and serious public health problem.

  2. Epidemiological Analysis of Measles in Qingcheng District of Qingyuan City from 2004 to 2010%清远市清城区2004-2010年麻疹流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    华卫平; 蓝志辉; 陈丽萍; 杜玉忠; 胡术贤; 梁剑辉

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective ] To understand the epidemiological characteristics of measles in Qingcheng district of Qingyuan city from 2004 to 2010, discuss the control strategy. [ Methods]The monitoring data of measles from 2004 to 2010 were collected, and were analyzed descriptively. [ Results] From 2004 to 2010, 934 cases of measles were reported in Qingcheng district with the annual average incidence rate of 22.77/lakh. Most of patients were children under 10 years old. The peak season was from April to August. The incidence rate of measles showed an increasing trend during 2004 - 2008. After the massive measles vaccination in children during 2009-2010, the epidemic situation has been controlled effectively, and the incidence rate of measles in 2009 and 2010 was 4.04/lakh and 1.03/lakh respectively. [ Conclusion] In order to control the outbreak and the incidence of measles, it is important to improve the coverage rate and quality of measles vaccination.%目的 了解清远市清城区2004-2010年麻疹流行病学特征,探讨控制策略.方法 收集2004-2010年麻疹监测资料,进行描述性分析.结果 2004-2010年清城区麻疹发病数为934例,年均发病率为22.77/10万,发病主要集中在10岁以下人群,4-8月份为麻疹发病的高峰期;2004-2008年麻疹发病总体呈上升趋势,2009和2010年在全区开展儿童普种麻疹疫苗后,疫情得到明显控制,2009、2010年麻疹发病率分别为4.04/10万和1.03/10万.结论 提高麻疹疫苗接种率和质量是控制麻疹暴发和流行的重要手段.

  3. Surveillance results of antibody level of influenza among population in Futian District of Shenzhen City from 2010-2011%2010-2011年深圳市福田区人群流感抗体水平监测结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈润莉; 侯红斌; 张勇; 莫浩联; 曾华书; 周海涛

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the antibody level of influenza among the general population in Futian District of Shenzhen City, provide the basis for prevention and control. [Methods] A total of 535 serum samples were collected twice during 2010-2011, and the antibody level was tested by trace half sensitized hemagglutination inhibition assay. [Results]The positive rate of antibody to H3N2 in 2011 (62.2% ) was higher than that in 2010 (55.2% ) , the positive rate of antibody to new H1N1 in 2011 (43.1% ) increased slightly as compared with that in 2010 (37.6% ) , and the positive rate of antibody to H1N1 decreased from 51.4% in 2010 to 6. 5% in 2011. Influenza antibody titer of 1 :320 was mainly distributed in influenza A epidemic in 2011, new H1N1 accounted for 56.4% of positive samples, and H3N2 accounted for 78. 2% . [ Conclusion] It is necessary to strengthen the surveillance of antibody level of influenza among population in Futian District, to promptly grasp the epidemiological characteristics and development trend of the influenza virus.%目的 通过了解深圳市福田区一般人群流行性感冒(流感)抗体水平,为预防和控制疫情提供依据.方法 2010-2011年共2次采集人群血清535份,以微量半致敏血凝抑制方法进行抗体检测.结果 2011年H3N2型抗体阳性率(62.2%)高于2010年(55.2%),新H1N1型抗体阳性率2011年(43.1%)较2010年(37.6%)略有升高,H1N1型抗体阳性率由2010年的51.4%降至2011年的6.5%.流感抗体效价1∶320主要分布在2011年甲型流感中,新H1N1型占阳性总数56.4%,H3N2占78.2%.结论 福田区应加强人群中流感病毒抗体监测,及时掌握流感病毒流行特征和发展趋势.

  4. 2010年无锡市南长区餐饮业餐具消毒监测结果分析%Results Analysis on Disinfection Monitoring of Catering Industry in Nanchang dDistrict of Wuxi City in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王红其

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the disinfection effect of catering units in Nanchang District of Wuxi City in 2010, and provide reliable evidence for health supervision departments [Methods]The catering units were sampled by stratified random sampling method, and the coliform group was detected and evaluated according to GB14934 -1994 Catering Disinfection Standard. [ Results]A total of 1 643 samples of tableware were collected in 2010, with the qualified rate of only 76.45% , among which the highest qualified rate appeared in January (100% ) and the lowest in September! 64. 29% ). There were significantly differences of disinfection effect between catering units with different scales and different sterile technique. [ Conclusion]The public health safety consciousness is not strong in catering units of this district, and the supervisory measures should be strengthened.%目的 了解无锡市南长区2010年餐饮业餐具消毒效果,为卫生监管部门依法管理提供可靠的依据.方法 对无锡市南长区餐饮业使用的餐饮具进行分层随机抽样,根据《食(饮)具消毒卫生标准》(GB 14934-1994)要求对抽检的餐饮具进行大肠菌群检测.结果 2010年共抽检餐饮具1643件,总体合格率较低,仅为76.45%.其中1月份消毒合格率最高(100%),9月份合格率最低(64.29%).不同规模餐饮单位、不同消毒方法下餐饮具消毒效果均存在显著差别.结论 该区餐饮单位的公共卫生安全意识不强,卫生监管部门的管理措施有待加强.

  5. Analysis of the epidemic characteristics of AIDS in Futian district of Shenzhen city from 1994 to 2012%深圳市福田区1994~2012年艾滋病特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小敏; 刘莹; 周杰; 梁静; 段利娜

    2013-01-01

    目的 分析深圳市福田区1994~2012年艾滋病流行特征,为制定预防和控制艾滋病措施提供依据.方法 采用描述流行病学的方法对福田区1994~2012年艾滋病流行特征进行回顾性分析.结果 1994~2012累计报告HIV/AIDS 956例.男/女:5.05/1;年龄以20~40岁为主,占78.66%,暂住人口占68.62%,性接触传播为主占65.48%,而其中52.46%是经男男同性性接触感染.结论 该区艾滋病正从高危人群向一般人群蔓延,应加强对男男同性恋者监测,采取综合干预措施.%Objective To analyze the epidemic characteristics and trend of AIDS in Futian district of Shenzhen city from 1994 to 2012,and provide evidence for prevention and control of AIDS.Methods Descriptive epidemiology was adopted to perform retrospective analysis.Results From 1994 to 2012,a total of 956 HIV/AIDS cases were reported.The ratio of male/female was 5.05/1,78.66% of the cases were aged 20~40 years,68.62% of the cases were residents,65.48% of patients infected through sexual contact of which 52.46% of them were male homosexuals.Conclusion AIDS in this district is spreading from high-risk groups to general population.The key of prevention is strengthening the HIV antibody testing among men who have sex with men and adopting comprehensive intervention measures.

  6. 2012年西安市莲湖区羁押人员结核病知识知晓情况%Awareness of TB knowledge among prisoners in Lianhu District of Xi' an City in 2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵均英; 李培

    2012-01-01

    目的 为了解西安市莲湖区看守所羁押人员结核病防治知识获得的途径、喜欢获得的方式及知晓情况,为制定羁押人员结核病健康促进策略提供科学依据,推动重点人群的结核病防治工作的开展.方法 对莲湖区看守所的全部羁押人员进行结核病防治知识问卷调查.结果 调查714人,54.6%的羁押人员喜欢通过广播电视的方式获得结核病防治知识;61.5%的人员最乐于接受看电视的宣传形式,40.6%的人员乐于接受看报纸的宣传形式;结核病知识知晓率为57.26%.结论 羁押人员结核病知识知晓率相对较低.以电视、广播、报纸为主要形式,要展开宣传活动,以达到更好的防治效果.%[Objective]To understand the knowledge acquired route, favorite obtain mode and awareness of tuberculosis (TB) a-mong prisoners in Lianhu District of Xi'an City, to provide scientific evidence for developing TB health promotion strategies, and prompt TB control among focus groups. [ Methods ]TB prevention and control knowledge survey was performed among all prisoners in Lianhu District Detention Center. [Results] A total of 714 prisoners were investigated, 40.6% were willing to accept propagandizing form of reading the newspaper. The awareness rate of TB knowledge was 57.26%. [ Conclusion]The awareness rate of TB knowledge among prisoners is relatively low. The propagandizing activities should be carried out with TV, radio, newspapers as main ways to achieve better control effect.

  7. Risky Behavior Analysis Among Adolescents in a CertainDistrict of a Certain City%某市城区青少年健康危险行为分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王恒昌; 余龙; 黄莹

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解昆明市五华区青少年健康危险行为的现状和影响因素,为政府、卫生、教育行政部门制定相关的预防政策、规划和干预策略、措施提供科学依据.方法 使用"中国青少年健康相关行为调查问卷"在6所随机抽取的学校开展现场调查,采用SPSS软件进行统计分析.结果 健康危险行为在该区青少年中普遍存在,在各种危险因素中,曾尝试吸烟率为35.7%,曾尝试饮酒率为73.8%,有赌博史的学生占23.0%.结论 应加强健康教育,采取综合性的干预措施,改变青少年的危险行为,强化认知水平,提高青少年的整体健康水平.%Objective To explore the current status influencing factors of health behavior among adolescents in Wuhua district of Kunming city and provide policy-making evidence for government. Methods National questionnaire of Chinese adolescent health behavioral was used to investigate students in 6 randomly selected schools. Data were analyzed using SPSS 13.0. Results Risky behavior was popular among adolescents in this district. Smoking rate was 35.7%, drinking alcohol rate was 73.8%. 23% students had gambling behavior ever. Conclusion In order to improve health states of adolescents, comprehensive intervention measures including health education should be taken to enhance awareness and change adolescent risky behavior.

  8. 山东济南长清区地质灾害现状及影响因素分析%Analysis on Present Condition and Influence factors of Geological Disasters in Changqing District of Jinan City in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏廷忠

    2015-01-01

    Geological disasters are strongly developed in Changqing district of Jinan city.In order to further clarify geological disasters and find out present condition of geological disasters,perfect spatial information system of geological disaters,enhance the level of disaster prevention,and protect the safety of life and property of human beings,based on present investigation condition,types of geological disaters in Chan-gqing district have been found out,they are collapse,landslide,debris flow and karst collapse.The main factors of geological disasters are analyzed and studied.Present condition,development level and distribu-tion characteristics of geological disasters have been found out.Main influncing factors to the development of geological disasters are geological environment condition,weather,vegetation and human economic ac-tivity intensity have been analyzed and studied.The feasibly prevention method has been put forward as well.%山东济南长清区地质灾害发育较强烈,为进一步查明地质灾害隐患,彻底摸清地质灾害现状,建全地质灾害空间信息系统,提升地质灾害总体防治水平,防灾减灾、保护人民生命财产安全。该文以现状调查为基础,查明长清区地质灾害发育类型主要包括崩塌、滑坡、泥石流和岩溶塌陷等4种类型,查明了地质灾害现状发育情况和分布特征等,对地质灾害发育的主要因素包括地质环境条件、气象及植被、人类经济工程活动强度等进行了分析、研究,并提出了切实可行的地质灾害防治原则和防治方法。

  9. 500 Cities: City Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This city boundary shapefile was extracted from Esri Data and Maps for ArcGIS 2014 - U.S. Populated Place Areas. This shapefile can be joined to 500 Cities...

  10. 黑龙江省富拉尔基区老年性痴呆患病情况调查%Prevalence of Alzheimer's disease among residents of Fulaerji district of Qigihar city, Heilongjiang province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙正海; 崔光成; 韩云峰; 丰宏林

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨黑龙江省齐齐哈尔市富拉尔基区老年性痴呆(AD)的流行病学特点及分布规律.方法 采用分层多级整群抽样方法确定调查对象,调查采用筛查和临床诊断两阶段法,筛查阶段采用简易智能精神状态量表(MMSE)和日常生活能力量表(ADL)进行测试,临床诊断阶段根据病史、临床体格检查、神经心理测验作出评定,诊断采用DSM-IV和NINCDS -ADRDA的标准.结果 3 698名≥60岁老年人中,老年AD患者87例,患病率为2.4%,其中轻型占59.77%,中型占24.14%,重型占16.09%;AD患病率女性为2.92%,男性为1.83%,女性患病率高于男性,差异有统计学意义(x2=4.79,P<0.05);AD的患病率随着年龄的增加而升高(Z=7.90,P<0.01);文化程度越低老年性痴呆的患病率越高(Z=-3.18,P<0.01);农村AD患病率高于城市,差异无统计学意义(x2=0.77,P>0.05).结论 富拉尔基区老年性痴呆女性的患病率高于男性;患病率随着年龄的升高增加;文化程度越低患病率越高.%Objective To explore the epidemiological characteristics and distribution of Alzheimer's disease (AD) among residents of Fulaerji district of Qiqihar city, Heilongjiang province. Methods Stratified mulitstage cluster sampling method was adopted in the survey. The investigation included screening and clinical diagnosis. Mini Mental-State Examination (MMSE) and activites of daily living (ADL) were used in the screening. The diagnosis was made based on clinical history,clinical examination, neuropsychological testing according to the criteria of Diagnostic and Statistical of Mental Disorder,4th ed(DSM-IV) and the National Institute of Neurologic,Communicative Disorders and Stroke-AD and RelatedDisorders Association(NINCDS-ADRDA). Results Among 3 698 elder persons aged 60 years or over, 87 AD patients were identified with a prevalence rate of 2. 4% ,of which 59. 77% ,24. 14% ,and 16. 09% were mild, moderate, and severe cases. The

  11. 2006-2010年南宁市兴宁区麻疹流行病学特征分析%Epidemiological Characteristics of Measles in Xingning District of Nanning City during 2006 -2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹军; 麻巍峨; 陈汉平; 方艳晖; 吴丹琴

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解南宁市兴宁区2006-2010年麻疹流行病特征与规律,为今后麻疹防治策略和措施提供科学依据.方法 根据中国疾病预防控制信息系统和麻疹流行病学个案调查表,对南宁市兴宁区2006-2010年麻疹发病情况进行描述性流行病学分析.结果 南宁市兴宁区2006-2010年共报告麻疹240例,病例以散发和局部暴发为特征,年平均发病率1.6/10万.发病高峰在3-8月份,以散居儿童为主,发病年龄集中<5岁年龄组,其中<8月龄和8月~组占大多数,成人麻疹也有一定比例.结论 加强儿童麻疹接种率,普种和强化接种相结合是降低麻疹发病率的有效手段;落实入学入托查验接种证制度保证大年龄组儿童免受麻疹感染的根本途径,卫生部门、社区组织、派出所等部门形成一个长效的计划免疫管理机制是提高流动儿童麻疹接种率的有效探索.同时考虑对麻疹初免年龄提前到6月龄以及对育龄妇女在生育前进行麻珍疫苗注射是降低<8月龄儿童麻疹的有效措施.%[Objective]To understand the epidemic characteristics and rules of measles in Xingning District of Nanning City from 2006 to 2010, and provide scientific evidence for developing future measles control strategies. [Methods] According to the China Disease Prevention mid Control Information Systems and cases of measles epidemiological survey, the incidence of measles in Xingning District of Nanning City from 2006 to 2010 was analyzed by descriptive epidemiology. [Results] A total of 240 cases of measles were reported during 2006 -2010, case distribution were characterized as sporadic cases and local outbreak, the average annual incidence rate was 1. 6/100 000. The peak incidence appeared during March to August, mainly scattered children, the age of onset concentrated in <5 years age group, among which children aged <8 months and 8 months to 5 years accounted for the majority group, there was a certain

  12. 宜昌市夷陵区农村居民代谢综合征患病率调查%Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome among the Rural Population in Yilin District, Yichang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    屈克义; 董艳萍; 屈万红; 赵曦月; 梁小云

    2011-01-01

    Objective To analyze the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) among rural population in Yilin District,Yiehang City, and to compare the prevalence between migrants and non-migrants. Methods Using multi-stage clustering sampling, 9 871 rural people aged from 35 to 74 were investigated. The diagnosis of MS was based on the diagnostic criteria in 2004 by Chinese Diabetes Society (CDS) and the prevalent rate was standardized by the census data of the whole country in 2000. Results The gross prevalence of MS was 8.17% which was 8.10% in male group while 8.21% in female group (P>0.05).The standardized prevalence was 8.10%, 7.94% in male and 8.26% in female (P>0.05). Besides, the prevalence was 8.77% in migrant group and 8.04% in non-migrant group (P>0.05). The prevalence rank of each component of MS was, from the highest to the lowest, dyslipidemia (46.40%), hypertension (36.14%), overweight or obesity (22.23%) and hyperglycemia (10.62%),respectively. The percent of people with more than one component was 35.10%. Conclusion The prevalence of MS among rural people in Yilin District, Yichang City was relatively high and government should strengthen investigation and control of MS or relevant diseases among rural people.%目的 分析宜昌市夷陵区农村人群代谢综合征(MS)的患病状况,并比较移民与非移民MS的患病率.方法 采用多级整群抽样的方法,按照中华医学会糖尿病学分会(CDS)2004年提出的诊断标准,于2008年2月对9 871名年龄在35~74岁的农村居民进行MS患病率调查,用2000年全国人口普查数据进行标化.结果 该人群MS的粗患病率为8.17%,男性为8.10%,女性为8.21%;MS标化患病率为8.10%,其中男性标化患病率为7.94%,女性标化患病率为8.26%.移民MS患病率为8.77%,非移民MS患病率为8.04%.性别间及移民与非移民间MS患病率差别无统计学意义.MS各组分检出率为10.63%~36.14%,至少有一项代谢异常者占35.10%.

  13. Dietary behavior of junior and senior high school students in Fangshan District of Beijing City%北京市房山区初中生与高中生饮食行为比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘天军

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解2012年北京市房山区初中生与高中生饮食行为现状及差异,为制定相应干预措施提供科学依据.方法 抽取北京市房山区中学生共1 710名,采用“北京市青少年健康相关行为调查问卷”进行调查.结果 北京市房山区高中生大量喝饮料、在西式快餐店、路边摊用餐和偏食等不健康饮食行为的报告率(30.1%、1.4%、4.5%、42.2%)高于初中生(22.0%、0.3%、0.8%、32.4%);初中生每天吃新鲜水果、蔬菜和每天吃早餐、喝一杯牛奶等健康饮食行为的报告率(53.2%、80.0%、71.4%、30.7%)高于高中生(35.0%、34.6%、21.0%、19.0%).母亲文化程度越高,初中生健康饮食行为越多,不健康饮食行为越少;高中生母亲文化程度越高,无论健康还是不健康饮食行为也越多.结论 该区中学生学段越高不健康饮食行为越多,母亲的文化程度对初中生和高中生存在不同的影响.%[Objective] To understand the eating habit status and differences between junior and senior high school students in Fangshan District of Beijing City in 2012, and provide scientific evidence for developing interventions accordingly. [Methods] A total of 1 719 high school students were recruited for investigation of "Beijing Adolescent Health Behavior Questionnaire" in Fangshan District of Beijing City. [ Results ] The investigation showed that for heavy consumption of beverage, western-style fast-food restaurants, street vendors dining and being choosy about one's food, the unhealthy eating habit reported rates of senior high school students(30. 1% , 1.4% , 4.5% , 42.2% , respectively) were higher than those of junior high school students(22.0% , 0. 3% , 0. 8% , 32.4% , respectively) ; while for daily consumption of fresh fruits, vegetables , breakfast and a glass of milk, the healthy eating habit reported rates of junior high school students (53.2% ,80.0% , 71.4% , 30.7% , respectively) were

  14. 上海市金山区居民健康素养调查结果%Survey results of health literacy among residents in Jinshan District of Shanghai City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶建秀; 乔国良; 聂莲莲

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective] To understand the level of residents' health literacy and its influencing factors in Jinshan District of Shanghai City. [Methods]The unified Health literacy Questionnaire for Chinese Citizen designed by Chinese Centre For Health Education was adopted to conduct face-to-face survey by trained investigators[ Results] A total of 1 080 individuals were investigated. The rate of having basic health literacy was 9.17%. The rates of having health knowledge and ideas, healthy behavior and lifestyle, basic skills were 18. 62% ,11. 76% , and 15. 00%. The rates of having scientific outlook on health, infectious diseases prevention, chronic disease prevention, safety and emergency, basic medical literacy were 37. 04% , 16. 67% , 7. 50% , 21. 02%, and 6. 20%. Age and education level had impact on population health literacy. Mastery rates of basic health knowledge, health behaviors and health skills were 58.41%, 58.19% , and 57.26%. [Conclusion] The rate of health literacy of residents was low in Jinshan District of Shanghai City . Age and education level were important influencing factors.%目的 了解上海市金山区居民健康素养水平和影响因素.方法 使用中国健康教育中心统一设计的“中国公民健康素养调查问卷”,由经过统一培训的调查员入户进行面对面的调查.结果 调查对象1080人,基本健康素养具备率为9.17%,其中健康知识和理念、健康生活方式与行为、基本技能具备率分别为18.62%、11.76%、15.00%;科学健康观、传染病预防、慢性病预防、安全与急救、基本医疗素养分别为37.04%,16.67%、7.50%、21.02%、6.20%;年龄和文化程度对健康素养的水平有影响.调查对象健康素养知识知晓率、健康行为和健康技能掌握率分别为58.41%、58.19%、57.26%.结论 上海市金山区居民健康素养水平总体不高,年龄和文化程度是其中重要的影响因素.

  15. Monitoring and Analysis of Maternal Mortality in the Nanhai District of Foshan City from 2003 to 2013%佛山市南海区2003~2013年孕产妇死亡监测分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林惠巧; 林青梅; 陈雪梅; 黎敏; 梅晓芳

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To explore the characteristics of maternal mortality and the effective measures to reduce mortality in the Nanhai District of Foshan city.Methods: Maternal and child health care hospital of Nanhai District of Foshan city was reported to the pregnant women, and combined with the twelve forms of assessment, to analyze the causes of death in 61 cases of 2003-2013 years. Results: The characteristics of the maternal mortality in our region can be divided into 2007 before and after 2007 two stage, five years ago, the maternal mortality rate increased year by year, six years over the previous five years greatly decreased, average maternal mortality: 17.38/10 million. Five years ago, the cause of death to direct obstetrical factors, including obstetric uterine atony, amniotic fluid embolism, retained placenta, ectopic pregnancy, after five years in the indirect obstetric factors mainly, including: pregnancy complicated medical diseases, abdominal vascular rupture.Conclusion: The whole quality level of the whole area is improved, and the level of supervision is the main measure to reduce the maternal mortality at the present stage.%目的:探讨佛山市南海区孕产妇死亡特点及降低死亡率的有效措施。方法:佛山市南海区妇幼保健院收集上报孕产妇个案调查表,结合十二表格评审法,对2003~2013年61例开展死因分析。结果:我区产妇死亡率特点可分为2007年(含,下同)前及2007年以后两阶段,前5年孕产妇死亡率逐年上升,后6年较前5年大幅度下降,平均孕产妇死亡率:17.38/10万。前5年死亡原因以直接产科因素为主,包括产科宫缩乏力、羊水栓塞、胎盘滞留、异位妊娠等,后5年以间接产科因素为主,包括:妊娠合并内科疾病、腹部血管破裂等。结论:全区产科质量水平的整体提高,高度监管是现阶段降低孕产妇死亡的主要措施。

  16. Research on Analysis of Landscape Spatial Characteristic of Urban Green Land in Wuhua District of Kunming City%昆明市五华区城市绿地景观空间特征分析研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜松翠; 魏开云

    2011-01-01

    With the help of 1:20 000 satellite image of Kunming City and its satellite remote sensing image with a resolution ratio 10 m, based on statistic data from Greening Department of Wuhua District and data collected through field study, by making use of landscape ecological theory and methods, the paper had selected three indexes reflecting landscape spatial characteristic including average patch area, landscape fragmentation and landscape connectivity, to analyze landscape spatial characteristic of urban green land. And then it obtained that urban green land of Wuhua District was dominated by small patches, and patches' average area was small; urban green patches were small and fragmented, and landscape fragmentation was high; landscape connectivity was weak and ecological corridor was narrow, failing to bring ecological effect of landscape corridor into full display. Finally, in view of these problems, it had proposed suggestions for optimization, so as to provide reference and theoretical guidance for optimizing and creating excellent landscape spatial characteristic of urban green land in Wuhua District and constructing landscape pattern of ecological security.%借助昆明市1∶20000卫星影像图以及10m分辨率的卫星遥感图像,以五华区绿化主管部门统计的绿化数据和实地调查收集的数据为基础.运用景观生态学原理和方法,选取城市绿地斑块平均面积、景观破碎度、景观连接度3个能够反映景观空间特征的指标参数,对昆明市五华区主城区城市绿地景现空间特征进行分析研究.通过对3个指标结果进行分析,得出五华区主城区城市绿地景观空间特征存在城市绿地以小型斑块为主,斑块平均面积较小;城市绿地斑块小而碎,绿地景观破碎度较大;绿地斑块间景现连接度较弱,生态廊道宽度较窄,不能充分发挥景观廊道的生态效益等问题.最后针对这些问题提出优化的意见和建议,为优化和创造

  17. 2009-2011年无锡市南长区中小学生视力情况%Vision status of primary and middle school students in Nanchang district of Wuxi City from 2009-2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仲晓芸; 邱娴颖

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解2009-2011年无锡市南长区中小学生视力不良情况,为进一步开展青少年视力防治提供依据,寻找影响因素,制定预防策略.方法 对南长区15所小学、4所中学在校学生进行现场视力检测.采用标准对数视力灯箱逐个检查受试者左、右眼裸眼视力.结果 2009-2011年南长区中小学生50 054人,视力不良率为38.47%,3年视力不良率分别为39.07%,38.26%和38.08%,学生视力不良率随学习阶段升高而递增,不同学习阶段的视力不良率差异有统计学意义.结论 南长区中小学生视力情况不容乐观,应针对中小学生的视力问题,有关部门要根据实际情况改善校舍硬件条件和学习环境,同时对于预防近视进行大力宣教,提供安全有效的预防、矫治措施,有效控制近视的发生和发展.%[ Objective ] To understand the status of poor eyesight among primary and middle school students in Nanchang District of Wuxi City from 2009-2011, provide a basis for further implementation of vision prevention in adolescents, find out the influencing factors, and develop the preventive strategies. [ Methods] The field visual inspection was conducted in students from 15 primary schools and 4 secondary schools in Nanchang District. The visual acuity of left and right eye of students was respectively detected by standardized logarithmic visual light box. [Results] A total of 50 054 students were investigated during 2009-2011, the incidence rate of poor eyesight was 38. 47% , and the annual incidence rate was 39. 07% ,38. 26% and 38. 08% , respectively. The incidence rate of poor eyesight increased with increasing grade, and there was significant difference in the incidence of poor eyesight among different grades. [ Conclusion] The vision status of primary and middle school students Nanchang District is not optimistic. The related departments should improve the schoolhouse hardware and learning environment, strengthen the

  18. 深圳市宝安区糖尿病患者家庭护理能力调查%Survey on the Care Ability of Family Caregivers of Diabetic Patients in Baoan District, Shenzhen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹先梅; 魏运芳; 孔桂花

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解深圳市宝安区糖尿病患者家庭护理能力现状,为促进社区糖尿病患者健康管理质量提供基础。方法随机抽取2013年6月8-25日期间深圳市宝安520名糖尿病患者(无并发症的非独居患者),然后对患者及其家庭成员(18岁及以上成员)进行问卷调查。结果除对糖尿病患者饮食知识相对较了解外,患者家庭成员护理能力较低(<50%),学历高的家庭成员护理能力高于学历低的家庭成员;患者家庭成员对患者的各种护理行为基本低于60%,不同学历家庭成员的护理行为无显著差异;接受到家庭成员护理的患者血糖控制情况明显好于未接受到家庭成员护理的患者(χ²=47.6,P<0.01)。结论深圳市宝安区糖尿病患者家庭护理能力低、行为低,不利于患者的血糖控制,对糖尿病患者进行管理的同时,应加强对家庭成员护理能力的培养和行为的倡导。%Objective To understand the present situation of care ability of family caregivers of diabetic patients in Baoan district, Shenzhen city so as to provide a basis for the health management of diabetic patients in communities. Methods A questionnaire survey was used to understand the blood glucose level of 502 diabetic patients (without complication and stay with their family) se-lected randomly in Baoan District of Shenzhen and the present situation of their family caregivers (over 18 years old). Results The level of family caregivers'care ability(<50%) was low, except for diabetic diet. The care ability of family caregivers with high-lev-el education was higher than that of family caregivers with low-level education. The level of all kinds of nursing behavior of the family caregivers was basically lower than 60%, and there was no significantly difference in care behavior between family care-givers with different education. The glucose control of diabetic patients received care behavior from their

  19. Investigation on immunization coverage rate among children in Futian District of Shenzhen City in 2010%2010年深圳市福田区儿童免疫接种率调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡琳; 方琼; 王永刚; 曹丽; 周志峰; 林宝妮

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the implementation status of immunization program in Futian district of Shenzhen City, provide the scientific basis for making the policies of immunization program in Futian District. [Methods] According to the capacity probability ratio method, 924 children were collected from 8 streets of Fun'an district, and the coverage rates of 9 vaccines and its influencing factors were investigated. [Results]The basic coverage rate and the reinforce coverage rate of 6 vaccines had reached 95%. The coverage rate of pertussis-tetanus vaccine was 85. 71%. The coverage rate of group A epidemic encephalitis vaccine, group A + C epidemic encephalitis vaccine and hepatitis A vaccine which were newly involved in national immunization program was 88.32% , 96.92% and 81.71% , respectively. There were significant differences in rate of establishing immunization card among children with different household registrations and residential types (P<0.05). The differences in qualified vaccination rate among children with different household registrations and residential types were significant (P<0.05). The main cause of unqualified vaccination in children was overdue vaccination, and the most of unqualified vaccination were measles vaccine and Japanese encephalitis vaccine. [ Conclusion] The coverage rates of 6 vaccines of national immunization program are at a high level, and the coverage rates of second dose of pertussis-tetanus vaccine, group A + C epidemic encephalitis vaccine should be improved in the future.%目的 了解深圳市福田区免疫规划实施情况,为制定全区免疫规划工作相关政策提供科学依据.方法 在全区8个街道按容量概率比例法抽取924名儿童调查“9苗”接种率现况及相关影响因素.结果 6苗基础、加强接种率均达到95%以上,白破疫苗接种率为85.71%,新纳入国家免疫规划的A群流行性脑膜炎(流脑)、A+C群流脑、甲型肝炎接种率分别为88.32%、96.92

  20. INVESTIGATION ON EPIDEMIC SITUATION OF SOIL-TRANSMITTED NEMATODE IN LONGMATAN DISTRICT OF LUZHOU CITY%泸州市龙马潭区土源性线虫感染现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常豫红; 雷启云

    2011-01-01

    [目的]了解庐州市龙马潭区土源性线虫流行现状,为制定防治策略和评价防治效果提供科学依据.[方法]按东南西北中5个方位各抽取1个行政村一定数量的家庭为观察对象,采用Kato-Katz法检查粪便中土源性线虫卵;透明胶纸肛拭法查12岁以下儿童蛲虫卵.[结果]粪检602人,总感染率为30.90%.其中:钩虫、蛔虫、鞭虫和蛲虫感染率分别为22.43%、11.30%、0.50%、3.77%.感染2种虫者占12.90%;中重度感染者占12.63%;中老年农民感染率高.[结论]龙马潭区土源性线虫感染率比全国第二次人体重要寄生虫病现状调查结果高57.98%,比四川省第二次肠道蠕虫感染现状调查结果低21.97%,为土源性线虫中度流行区.其中钩虫感染率明显高于全国和四川省调查结果.环境污染严重,不良的生产生活习惯是土源性线虫流行的主要原因.%[Objective] To understand the epidemic situation of soil-transmitted nematode in Longmatan District of Luzhou City, and to provide scientific basis for making the control countermeasures and evaluating the control effect. [Methods] According to the 5 positions (east/south/west/north/center) , collected one administrative village from each position and observed the a certain number of families in every village. Modified Kato-KatZs thick smear and cellophane tape swab techniques were used for detection of the infection of soil-transmitted nematode. [ Results ] 602 persons received stool examination, with a total infection rate of 30.90%. The infection rates of hookworm, roundworm, whipworm, and pinworm were 22.43%, 11.30%, 0.50%, 3.77%. Infected with two kinds of worms accounted for 12.90%; Moderate and severe infections accounted for 12.63%; Middle-aged farmers were at high rates of infection. [ Conclusion] The infection rate of soil-bome nematodes in Longmatan District is higher than the national infection rate of human parasites in the second survey; compared with

  1. 深圳坪山居民妇女人宫颈HPV感染的流行病学研究%Epidemiological Survey of the Residents of Women with Cervical HPV Infection in Pingshan District of Shenzhen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗丽丹; 李晓燕; 邱桂清; 李庆; 杨晓红

    2013-01-01

    Objective :In order to investigate the residents of women with cervical HPV infection status in Pingshan district of Shenzhen city ,and provide a theoretical basis for the primary prevention of cervical cancer .Methods:Design:A stratified randomised cluster-sampling investigation .500 cases of Pingshan district local resident women as research subjects ,HPV infection screening and epidemiological survey .Results:500 observation object of HPV infection rate was 12 .2% .16~25 years old ,26~35 years old ,36~45 years old ,46~55 years old ,≥ 55 years old of different ages HPV infection were 8 .0% ,17 .0% ,12 .0% ,15.0% ,9.0% .Normal cervix ,CIN Ⅰ ,CIN Ⅱ ,CIN Ⅲ ,cervical HPV infection detection rate was 6 .39% ,62 .96% ,72 .73% ,80.00% ,100.00% ,HPV detection rate increased with the increase in the degree of cervical lesions (P<0 .005) .Asexual life cycle and sexual life history of women in high-risk HPV infec-tion rate was 4 .48% and 13 .39% ,a statistically significant difference between the two .Conclusion:Local women’s of Pingshan district high-risk HPV infection rate is lower than the average of our country ,HPV detection rate increased with the increase in the degree of cervical lesions ,asexual life cycle of women with high-risk HPV infection than sexual life history of women is significantly lower .%目的:为探查深圳市坪山新区常住居民妇女宫颈 H PV感染现状,为宫颈癌的一级预防提供理论基础数据。方法:采用随机整群抽样选择人群分组技术方法,抽取坪山新区500名本地常住女性居民为研究对象,进行 H PV感染筛查及流行病学问卷调查。结果:500名观察对象H PV总感染率为12.2%。其中16~25岁、26~35岁、36~45岁、46~55岁、≥55岁不同年龄段HPV感染率分别为8.0%,17.0%,12.0%,15.0%,9.0%。正常宫颈、CINⅠ、CINⅡ、CINⅢ、宫颈癌中 HPV感染检出率分别为6.39%、62.96%、72.73%、80.00

  2. 佛山市南海区社区居民健康检查结果分析%Analysis on the physical examinations results of residents in Nanhai District of Foshan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴仿东; 任泽舫; 管奕婷; 朱嗣远; 何旭研; 林沛卿

    2013-01-01

    To establish the health village in Nanhai District of Foshan City,understand the health status of residents,perfect the family and personal files,and improve the pertinence and effectiveness of community chronic disease management.[Methods] Physical examinations were performed in the residents of 11 neighborhood committees in Nanhai District,and the contents of the examination included body height,body weight,fasting blood-glucose and blood pressure.[Results] A total of 53 615 residents were examined,and 33 407 were normal for all indexes,accounting for 62.31%.Among adults,25.36% had overweight or obesity,25.05% had hypertension,3.33% had diabetes,5.12% had high normal blood pressure,and 4.397% had impaired fasting glucose.The detection rates of overweight or obesity,and hypertension were the highest.[Conclusion] The health status of the community residents in Nanhai District is not optimistic.It is necessary to strengthen the community intervention and health guidance to improve residents' prevention knowledge,change their unhealthy lifestyles,establish the healthy living concept,and prevent and control the chronic non-communicable diseases.%目的 为创建佛山市南海区健康村工作,了解社区常住居民健康状况,完善家庭及个人档案,使社区慢性病管理工作更有针对性和有效性.方法 对辖区内11个居委会的常住居民进行健康检查,检查项目有身高、体重、空腹血糖、血压等.结果 53 615名居民健康检查中发现各项目均正常者33 407人,占62.31%;在成年人中,超重或肥胖者占30.52%,高血压者占25.05%,糖尿病者占3.33%,正常高值血压者5.28%,空腹血糖受损占4.39%;其中超重或肥胖、高血压的检出率最高.结论 南海区社区居民健康不容乐观,应加强社区干预、健康指导来提高居民的防病知识,改变不良的生活方式,形成健康的生活理念,预防和控制慢性非传染疾病的发生、发展.

  3. Study on the prevalence rate of obesity among children of Changan District, Shijiazhuang City%石家庄市长安区儿童肥胖现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骆彬; 贾珊珊; 杜丽梅; 张晓伟; 胡环宇; 李增宁

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the prevalence of obesity among children of Changan District, Shijiazhuang city, so as to understand the rate of obesity, influencing factors and bring forward intervention measures. Methods Cluster sampling method was carried out. Check-up was conducted among 19703 pupils from 33 elementary schools in Changan District, and screened by " BMI reference for screening overweight and obesity in Chinese children and adolescents". Results The prevalence rate of children obesity wasl3.29% , ( male, 15.94% , female, 10.32% ). The prevalence rate of male obesity was higher than that of female with significant difference. The difference of prevalence of obesity in the 7-11 year old pupils was significant between different sexes. There was no significant difference between different age groups. Conclusion The prevalence of obesity in children of Changan District in Shi Jiazhuang was relatively high. More attention should be paid to childhood obesity and effective intervention should be carried out.%目的 了解石家庄市长安区儿童肥胖的现状,为研究儿童肥胖的影响因素及干预措施提供依据.方法 以学校为单位,采用整群随机抽样的方法抽取长安区33所小学7 ~13岁的19703名学生为研究对象,测量身高、体重,计算出体质指数.以中国肥胖问题工作组2003年制定的《中国学龄儿童青少年超重、肥胖筛查BMI值分类标准》对石家庄市长安区儿童肥胖状况进行分析.结果 石家庄市长安区儿童肥胖率为13.29%,男生为15.94%,女生为10.32%,男孩肥胖检出率高于女孩,差异有统计学意义.不同性别各年龄组的儿童肥胖检出率除了12、13岁的差异无统计学意义,其他年龄组儿童肥胖检出率差异均有统计学意义.不同年龄间的儿童肥胖检出率异差别无统计学意义.结论 石家庄市长安区儿童肥胖率较高,应引起重视,并及早予以预防和控制.

  4. Epidemiological analysis of imported malaria in Hailing District,Taizhou City from 2010 to 2015%2010-2015年泰州市海陵区输入性疟疾流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵扬

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of imported malaria in Hailing District ,Taizhou City,so as to provide the evidence for formulating the effective prevention and control strategy. Methods The network reports, questionnaires and epidemic reports of imported malaria cases in Hailing District from 2010 to 2015 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Results From 2010 to 2015,totally 46 cases of imported malaria were reported,including 40 cases of falci⁃parum malaria(86.96%),4 cases of ovale malaria(8.70%),1 case of quartan malaria(2.17%)and 1 case of multi⁃infection of falciparum malaria and tertian malaria(2.17%). No seasonal trend of time of the disease onset was observed. All the patients were return abroad with clear residence histories in malaria epidemic areas. The average time from disease onset to definite diag⁃nosis was 2 d and 8 patients were definitely diagnosed within 24 h. All the 46 patients were cured. Conclusion All the malaria cases reported were imported cases in Hailing District in the last five years. Effective prevention and control measures are the key to the malaria elimination.%目的:分析泰州市海陵区输入性疟疾病例的流行病学特征,为制定相应防控策略提供参考依据。方法收集2010-2015年海陵区境外输入性疟疾网络直报数据、个案调查表及疫点处置报告资料,进行回顾性调查和分类统计。结果2010-2015年海陵区共报告境外输入性疟疾病例46例,其中恶性疟40例(占86.96%),卵形疟4例(占8.70%),三日疟1例(占2.17%),间日疟、恶性疟混合感染1例(占2.17%)。病例发病时间无季节性趋势。所有病例均为从非洲高疟区回国的人员,有明确的流行区生活史。患者发病到确诊的间隔时间平均为2 d,8例在24 h内确诊,46例病例全部治愈。结论泰州市海陵区近5年来报告的疟疾病例均为境外输入性病例,采取有效防控措施

  5. Microbial monitoring results of 13 kinds of commercially-available foods in a district of Beijing City%北京市某区13类市售食品微生物监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖贵勇; 王佳佳; 安军静; 徐帅; 冯月明; 李洁; 赵建忠

    2013-01-01

    To understand the microbial pollution status of 13 kinds of commercially-available foods in a district of Beijing City.[Methods] Microbiological monitoring was performed on 3 kinds of raw meat and 10 kinds of ready-to-eat foods collected from supermarkets,catering units,farmers markets and community stores in this district.[Results] The monitoring results of raw meat from 2009-2012 showed the detection rate of Salmonella was 5.00%,that of staphylococcus aureus was 15.00%,1.89% of Listeria monocytogenes,9.40% of Vibrio parahaemolyticus.The detection rate of total colonies in ready-to-eat foods was 45.00%,that of Coliform was 13.53%,1.00% of Staphylococcus aureus,0.69% of Listeria monocytogenes,0.14% of Salmonella.[Conclusion]The phenomenon of fresh meat polluted by pathogenic bacteria exists in this district,therefore,it is necessary to strengthen quarantining in raw meat slaughtering and processing,import and export and so on.The coliform group and total colonies pollution is serious in ready-to-eat foods.Salmonella,staphylococcus aureus and Listeria monocytogenes can be still detected.it is suggested that the relevant supervisory department should strengthen supervision of ready-to-eat foods to reduce the occurrence of food-borne disease risk.%目的 了解北京市某区13类市售食品微生物的污染情况.方法 对该区内超市、餐饮单位、农贸市场和社区商店采集的3类生鲜食品和10类直接入口食品进行微生物监测.按照国家和地方标准,判定监测结果.结果 2009-2012年监测生鲜肉类,沙门菌检出率为5.00%,金黄色葡萄球菌检出率为15.00%,单增李斯特菌检出率为1.89%,副溶血性弧菌为9.40%.直接入口食品中菌落总数检出率为45.00%,大肠菌群检出率为13.53%,金黄色葡萄球菌检出率为1.00%,单增李斯特菌检出率为0.69%,沙门菌检出率为0.14%.结论 该区生鲜肉存在被致病菌污染的问题,需要加强对生鲜制品

  6. Monitoring results of disinfection status of kindergartens in Chancheng District of Foshan City in 2010%2010年佛山市禅城区幼儿园的消毒状况监测结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈萍; 邓冬云

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the disinfection status of kindergartens in Chancheng District of Foshan City. [Methods] U-sing bacterial culture and isolation techniques, the disinfection status of kindergartens were monitored and analyzed. [Results]The qualified rates of indoor air, toys, object surface and hands of teachers, governesses and children was 98. 91% , 98. 70%, 96.08%, and 60.91%, respectively. The difference in qualified rate was significant (χ2 = 385.68,P<0.01). [Conclusion]The qualified rate in hands of teachers, governesses and children is low, and it suggested that teachers and governesses lack the knowledge of disinfection. The kindergartens should pay attention to disinfection and strengthen the management of disinfection.%目的 了解佛山市禅城区幼儿园消毒状况.方法 利用细菌培养及分离技术,监测分析幼儿园消毒情况.结果 室内环境空气合格率为98.91%,玩具合格率为98.70%,物体表面合格率为96.08%,幼教、保育员和幼儿手合格率为60.91%,4项检测合格率比较,差异有统计学意义(x2=385.68,P<0.01).结论 幼教、保育员和幼儿手合格率偏低,提示保教人员消毒知识欠缺,幼儿园应高度重视消毒工作,加强消毒工作管理.

  7. 温岭市东部新区北片污水处理厂工程设计方案%Engineering Design Proposal of Beipian Wastewater Treatment Plant in Eastern New District of Wenling City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵胤

    2014-01-01

    The East Wenling Industrial Agglomeration Development & Construction Co. ,Ltd. started a wastewater treatment project north in eastern new district of Wenling City,named the Beipian Wastewater Treatment Plant. The plant has a treatment capacity of 10 000 m3/d. A/A/O process with influent distribution,compact layout,suction mixer with aeration and micro flocculation with filtration for tertiary treatment were applied in the plant. The effluent disinfected by chlorination reaches standard of GB 18918-2002 Class I A,and part of the effluent is reused in watering plants and roads. The treatment process and design parameters of this plant were introduced. The issues of importance in the designing work and the characteristics of this project were analyzed.%在温岭市东部产业集聚区的北片建成了温岭市东部新区污水处理工程-北片污水处理厂,近期处理规模为1万m3/d。采用多点进水A/A/O工艺,集约化布置,曝气采用抽吸式曝气搅拌一体机,深度处理采用微絮凝+无阀滤池,尾水经加氯消毒后达到GB 18918-2002一级A排放标准后外排,部分回用于新区。该文介绍了该厂的处理工艺和设计参数,并对工程设计中需要考虑的问题进行了分析,总结了工程特点。

  8. Geothermal district heating systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budney, G. S.; Childs, F.

    1982-06-01

    Ten district heating demonstration projects and their present status are described. The projects are Klamath County YMCA, Susanville District Heating, Klamath Falls District Heating, Reno Salem Plaza Condominium, El Centro Community Center Heating/Cooling, Haakon School and Business District Heating, St. Mary's Hospital, Diamond Ring Ranch, Pagosa Springs District Heating, and Boise District Heating.

  9. 广州市海珠区青少年健康危险行为调查%Investigation on Health Risk Behaviors of Adolescents in Haizhu District of Guangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭宁晓; 潘国新; 丘春萍; 梁佳志

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective] To understand the current status about risk behaviors Of adolescents in Haizhu District of Guangzhou City.[ Methods] Based on multistage sampling method,801 students from middle schools and universities in Haizhu District were selected and surveyed by questionnaire of Guangzhou City Youth Health Risk Behaviors. [ Results ] It was found that rate of risk behaviors were reported as the following: eating at street vendor (33.21% ), western fast-food (21.60% ), sweet kinds of food ( 16.35% ),food preference ( 29.59% ); weight loss ( 61.92% ), including reducing weight by exercise ( 51.44% ), by diet ( 27.34% ); lower exercise rate of college students weekly (8.60% ~ 20.79% ); high reporting rates of internet (89.25 % ), followed by sports activities ( 32.95% ~ 63.33% ) and extra learning ( 75.10% ~ 81.56% ) among high school students; rate of violating traffic rules when riding bicycles ( 15.05 % ), swimming at unsafe places in past 1 year ( 7.62% ), thoughts of away from home ( 24.71% ) , suicide ideation( 7.74% ), respectively; learn pressure ( 13.23% ), fights (21.47%), no security guarantee ( 12.86% ) in teenagers;smoking-attempting (22.97% ) , recent drinking (28.96%); ever drugs usage(6.74% ) and sedative and hypnotic drugs usage ( 5.87% ); marginal sexual behavior and sexual behavior in high school students and college students of 34.10% ,55.20% ;4. 60%,5.02% respectively. Significant differences of various sorts of health risk behaviors existed between students with different genders and learning stages. [ Conclusion ] Health risk behaviors of adolescents can not be ignored in Haizhou District of Guangzhou City. It is necessary to adopt integrated managements to prevent and reduce its occurrence.%目的 了解广州市海珠区青少年健康危险行为现状.方法 采用分层整群抽样的方法,随机抽取该区大、中学在校学生801名,采用广州市青少年健康危险

  10. 广州市荔湾区2006年登革热疫情流行病学特征分析%The epidemiological characteristics of Dengue fever in Liwan district of Guangzhou city in 2006

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丽莉; 范健文; 余毅; 杨翠辉; 曾祥越

    2008-01-01

    目的 分析广州市荔湾区2006年登革热疫情流行病学特征,探讨预防控制措施.方法 对各医院报告的病例进行流行病学个案调查;采集病例血样作血清学或病原学检测;对疫点进行蚊媒调查,在疫点周围开展病例搜索.共接报350例病例(包括疑似病例),采集336份血标本进行血清学检测,检出登革热IgM和(或)IgG阳性296份,其中12例分离到登革热病毒;共对176个疫点进行处理.结果 广州市荔湾区2006年共报告登革热病例310例,发病率为43.66/10万(按户籍人口计算),无死亡病例;疫情涉及20个行政街,有4个暴发点;流行季节为7月上旬至11月中旬,高峰在8月下旬和9月上旬;病毒为登革Ⅰ型;男性177例,女性133例,性别比1.33∶1;发病年龄最大为78岁,最小为3岁,以青壮年为主,20~39岁136例,占43.87%.结论 该区存在有利登革热流行的自然、社会因素,预防控制是一项长期、复杂的工作,今后要加强疫情预测预报,加快老城区和城中村的改造.%Objective To study the epidemiological characteristics of Dengue fever in Liwan district of Guangzhou city in 2006 and explore the prevention and control strategy.Methods A case-study was conducted based on patients notified by hospitals.The serum samples were collected from the reported cases for the detection of anti-dengue virus antibodies and dengue virus.The mosquito vector at epidemic spot was investigated and cases were further identified at the epidemic spots.A total of 350 cases were reported (including suspected cases),and 336 blood samples were collected for serum testing.The detection of dengue IgM and(or)IgG was 296.Of which,dengue virus Was isolated in 12 cases,and preventive measures have been taken at 176 epidemic spots.Results There was 310 cases of dengue fever in Liwan district of Guangzhou city in 2006.The incidence rate was 4.366 per ten thousand(according to the census register population)and no death toll

  11. Integration of urban and rural overall planning of land use strategy research-- a city Litong District as an example%城乡结合部土地利用总体规划编制策略研究——以吴忠市利通区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张薇; 周茂; 李农

    2012-01-01

    以吴忠市利通区为例,分析了作为城区、农村过渡带的城乡结合部土地利用的现状特点和存在的问题,结合新一轮土地利用总体规划编制,提出了符合利通区发展实际和编制要求的应对策略.%with city Litong District as an example, analyzed as urban, rural transition zone of the urban fringe land use present situation characteristics and existing problems, combining with the new round land use planning, put forward to accord with the actual requirement and revision of Litong District development strategy.

  12. 深圳市宝安区2000~2009年孕产妇死亡特征分析%Analysis the characteristics of maternal mortality in Bao'an District of Shenzhen City from 2000 to 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温瑞英; 王维; 黄洁; 李建梅; 王尊; 黄跃华; 叶彩云

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析深圳市宝安区2000~2009年孕产妇死亡的控制效果及特征,为进一步降低孕产妇死亡率提供决策依据.方法 对深圳市宝安区2000~2009年的148例死亡孕产妇监测资料进行回顾性调查,应用SPSS 13.0软件进行统计,分析孕产妇死亡率及相关特征的变化.结果 2000~2009年宝安区共有148例孕产妇死亡,其中流动人口133例(占89.86%).孕产妇死亡率从2000年的133.26/10万下降到2009年的29.16/10万,10年平均死亡率为42.22/10万(其中,流动人口49.57/10万);10年间全人口及流动人口死亡率的变化差异均有统计学意义(x2=49.22,P<0.01;x2=69.20,P<0.01).与前5年相比,后5年孕产妇死因中妊娠期高血压性疾病(7.23%vs 12.31%)、妊娠合并外科性疾病(1.20%vs 7.69%)、肿瘤性疾病(0.00%vs4.61%)、产褥感染(1.20%vs 4.61%)有明显上升趋势;而产科出血(33.74%vs 27.69%)、羊水栓塞(26.51%vs 23.08%)、妊娠合并内科疾病(20.48%vs 9.23%)有所下降.结论 宝安区孕产妇死亡率得到了有效控制,与外来流动人口孕产妇死亡率大幅下降有着密切关系.继续深入开展"降消"项目、加强流动人群孕产妇的管理,仍是宝安区今后妇幼保健工作的重要任务.%Objective To analyze the control outcome and the characteristics of maternal mortality in Bao' an District of Shenzhen City from 2000 to 2009 and to provide evidence of reducing maternal mortality.Methods 148 materhal mortality cases from surveillance data dating from 2000 to 2009 were analyzed by the software SPSS 13.0 finding out the changes of maternal mortality and its characteristics.Results Among 148 cases of maternal mortality in Bao' an District from 2000 to 2009, 133 cases were from the immigrant population ( 89.86% ).Maternal mortality rate dropped from 133.26/100 000 in 2000 to 29.16/100 000 in 2009, the average of maternal mortality was 42.22/100 000 for the whole population and 49.57/100 000 for the immigrant

  13. Allegheny County Pennsylvania House of Representatives District Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset demarcates the Pennsylvania House of Representatives district boundaries within Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western...

  14. Allegheny County Pennsylvania U.S. Legislative Congressional District Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset demarcates the U.S. Legislative Congressional district boundaries within Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania...

  15. Allegheny County Voting District Boundaries (Spring 2015 - Spring 2016)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset demarcates municipal voting districts in Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data Center’s open data...

  16. Allegheny County Voting District Boundaries (Fall 2016 - present)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset demarcates municipal voting districts in Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data Center’s open data...

  17. 深圳市宝安区流动儿童计划免疫实施情况影响因素探讨%The Related Factors of the Migrant Children in Baoan District,Shenzhen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭瑞吟; 任泽舫; 陈军

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨当前影响流动儿童接受预防接种实施的主要因素,为深圳庞大流动儿童群体的计划免疫相关工作提供依据。方法:采用系统抽样和简单随机抽样的方法在深圳市宝安区分别抽取部分0~6周岁的流动儿童和户籍儿童,对他们的计划免疫实施情况进行问卷调查。结果:影响流动儿童计划免疫接种的主要因素有父亲文化程度、母亲文化程度、家庭平均月收入、家庭距离接种点的距离,具体表现为:父亲文化程度越高、母亲文化程度越高、家庭平均月收入越高、家庭与接种点的距离越近的流动儿童接种率越高。结论:应提高卫生服务的质量,加强对流动儿童的管理和追踪,对流动儿童家庭给予充分的社会支持。%To survey the situation of the planed immunization in migrant children in Baoan district so as to provide evidence for the perfection of the planed immunization.Methods:Part of migrant children and the children of permanent-resident from 0 to 6 years old in Baoan District,Shenzhen city were Selected by stratified sampling method and simple random sampling method to investigate the status of the planed immunization.Results:The influencing fac-tors of the planed immunization in the migrant children were mainly the education level of parents,the monthly income of the family,the distance between residence and the inoculating place.In another word,the higher the education the parents received,the higher the monthly income the family got,the shorter the distance between residence and the inoc-ulating place was,the higher inoculating rate the migrant children would get.Conclusion:Improve the quality of health services,strengthen the management and tracking of migrant children,given adequate social support for migrant chil-dren’s family.

  18. 重庆市南岸区2010年土源性线虫感染现状调查研究%Soil-transmitted nematode infections in the Nan an District of Chongqing city, 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁红; 陶杨; 方勇

    2011-01-01

    Objective To analyze the distribution of soil-transmitted nematode infections in Nan-an District and provide scientific evidence for prevention and remedial measures. Methods A stratified sampling method was applied to select target towns and residential districts according to the geographic features and economic condition. Villages were selected by random cluster sampling. The modified Kato-Katz method of thick smear was applied to detect nematode eggs. Enterobius vermicularis eggs were collected by scrubbing sticky tapes around the anus of children. Results Four detected species of geohelminthes were identified as Ascaris lumbricoides, Pinwornl, Trichuris trichiura and Hookworm,which had the infection rate of 0. 48%, 1.90%, 0. 10% and 16. 36%, respectively. The rate of parasite infestation was 17. 13% on average, with the lowest infection rate in Haitangxi (2. 37%), and the highest in Changshengqiao (28. 80%). The infection rate of soil-transmitted nematode was significantly higher in rural area than that in city. The highest risk people were farmers (26.08%) and residents without education (25.99%). Conclusion Efficient education program needs to be developed to prevent the high risk people from soil-transmitted nematode infections.%目的 分析重庆市南岸区人群土源性线虫感染的分布现状,为制定防治对策提供依据.方法 按照规定的方法 和要求进行.根据地理位置和经济条件两特征分层抽样到乡镇、街道,再随机整群抽样到村,抽到的村为调查点;用改良藤涂片法(Kato-Kolz厚涂片法)检查粪便标本中各种虫卵,另外用透明胶纸肛拭法查蛲虫卵.用SAS8.2版统计分析软件,进行x2检验,α=0.05.结果共调查2 066人,查出4种土源性线虫,蛔虫、蛲虫、鞭虫,钩虫的感染率分别为0.48%、1.90%、0.10%、16.36%,人群土源性线虫总感染率为17.13%,海棠溪街道土源性线虫感染率(2.37%)最低,长生桥镇土源性线虫感染率(28

  19. 长安区中学生吸烟现状及影响因素分析%Smoking and its influential factors of among middle school students in Chang'an district,Xi'an city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱妮; 王学良; 朱宏亮; 丛斌; 刘南

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解陕西省西安市长安区中学生吸烟情况及影响因素.方法 采用分层整群抽样方法抽取长安区6所中学的1273名学生,对其进行问卷调查.结果 长安区中学生总吸烟率为16.73%,男生吸烟率为30.88%,女生为1.93%,性别比较差异有统计学意义(χ2=191.29,P<0.01);45.32%的学生开始吸烟的原因是由于受朋友、家庭、同学影响;70.43%在郁闷时选择吸烟;初、高中学生对吸烟行为持反对态度的比例均为80%左右;Logistic回归分析结果表明,男生、认为吸烟是享受是吸烟行为发生的危险因素,而认为吸烟是一种不良习惯观点则对中学生控烟起保护作用.结论 学生控烟应从自身、学校、家庭等多方面采取综合干预措施,应以学生对吸烟的态度及危害认识为重点进行教育.%Objective To explore the status and risk factors of smoking among middle school students in Chang'an district of Xi'an city. Methods By stratified cluster sampling, 1 299 middle school students from 6 middle schools in Chang'an district were chosen and surveyed with a questionnaire. Results The total smoking rate was 16. 7% (30. 88% in the boys,1.93% in the girls) with a statistical difference in gender( x2 = 191.29,P <0. 01 ). There were 45.32% of the respondents reporting an attempt to smoke because of the influence of their friends,family and classmates,and 70. 43% reporting smoking when being depressed. The ratio of the respondents with negative attitude toward smoking behavior was 80%. Logistic regression showed that male, regarding smoking as an enjoyment were the risk factors of smoking, whereas regarding smoking as a bad habit could prevent the students from smoking. Conclusion Comprehensive smoking intervention program should be carried out in class, family and school, and the attitude toward smoking and the hazard of smoking are key points in health education.

  20. Investigation on the Situation of Dongchuan District Barren Hills Afforestation of Kunming City%昆明市东川区荒山绿化情况调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海帆; 王军; 温钦舒; 张芮婕; 保云莹; 张颖

    2016-01-01

    The terrain fluctuations in Dongchuan District of Kunming City is larger.Steep terrain,fragile ecological environment,low rainfall and high evaporation,coupled with the debris flow activities are frequent,resulting that forest coverage rate in Dongchuan is very low.This topic investigated the present situation of barren hill afforestution in Dongchuan District from January to June in 2016.Survey results showed thatin the region,the main planting tree species at an altitude of 1 600 meters below were Leucaena leucocephala,Cupressus torulosa,Leucaena leucocephala,Cupressus torulosa,Celtis yunnanensis,Melia azedarach,among which Leucaena leucocephala had become of pioneer tree species in dry and hot river valley of Dongchuan. The main planting tree species at elevation of 1 600~2 500 meters area were Cupressus torulosa,Sabina chinensis,A lnus nepalensis,Celtis yunnanensis,Huashan pine tree species.The area at an altitude of 2 500 meters above mainly planted Sabina,acute tip of A bies georgei,P.densata etc. Through the investigation and study,aimed at problems existing in barren hills afforestation in Dongchuan,countermeasures were put forward in order to provide certain theoretical basis for the sustainable development of forestry in Dongchuan.%昆明市东川区地形起伏较大,地形陡峻,生态环境脆弱,降雨量小,且蒸发量大,加之泥石流活动频繁,导致东川森林覆盖率极低。本课题于2016年1-6月对东川区荒山绿化种植情况进行了全面系统的调查。结果表明:区域内目前海拔1600 m以下主要种植树种为新银合欢、藏柏、新银合欢、藏柏、滇朴、苦楝等,其中新银合欢已成为东川干热河谷造林的先锋树种;海拔1600~2500 m地区主要种植树种为藏柏、圆柏、旱冬瓜、滇朴、华山松等树种;海拔2500 m以上地区主要种植圆柏、急尖长苞冷杉、高山松等树种。通过调查研究,对东川现阶段荒山绿化种植所存在的

  1. Investigation on Electromagnetic Radiation Cognition among Residents of Baoshan District of Shanghai City%上海市宝山区居民电磁辐射认知情况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘武忠; 周志俊; 胡晓晴; 秦景香; 石晓炎

    2011-01-01

    目的 调查上海市宝山区居民对电磁辐射的认知现状.方法 对160户居民采用问卷的形式进行调查.结果 42.3%的居民能够正确选出电磁辐射定义;不同学历居民对电磁辐射、电磁辐射准确定义及是否有害健康等问题了解情况差异有统计学意义,知晓率有随学历升高呈递增的趋势.媒体和书籍是居民获知电磁辐射知识的主要途径.38.2%居民偶尔或经常因担心环境中电磁辐射对的危害而失眠.住宅周围有变电站、高压输电线经过的居民经常出现头痛、头昏、失眠、记忆力减退、疲乏无力的比例与无变电站、高压输电线经过的居民相比,具有显著差异.结论 目前宝山区居民对电磁辐射认识不足,建议加强相关宣传教育工作.%[ Objective] To investigate the knowledge level of residents on electromagnetic radiation in Baoshan District of Shanghai City . [ Methods] Questionnaire survey was performed on 160 families. [ Results]42.3% of the respondents can select correct definition of electromagnetic radiation. Significant differences can be observed in awareness rates between residents with different education levels on electromagnetic radiation and its correct definition, and questions such as whether electromagnetic radiation was harmful to health; besides, there was an increasing tendency of awareness rate as education level rising. Media and books are main means by which residents get to know about electromagnetic radiation. 38.2% of respondents sometimes or often suffered from insomnia for worrying about hazards of environmental electromagnetic radiation. The percentage of residents suffering from frequent headaches,dizziness, insomnia, memory loss and fatigue who hved with substation or high voltage lines nearby was significantly different from that of those lived far from substation or high voltage lines. [ Conclusion ] The knowledge level on electromagnetic radiation among residents in Baoshan

  2. Factors associated with selection of Caesarean section in Baodi district of Tianjin City%天津市宝坻区剖宫产因素初步探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张欣; 兰淑海; 王葛菲

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解天津市宝坻区常住人口剖宫产的相关影响因素。方法收集天津市宝坻区产妇病历资料394例,分析医源性因素剖宫产和社会因素剖宫产的影响因素。结果医源性因素剖宫产占81.7%,主要医源性因素为剖宫产史(24.8%)、羊水过少(24.8%)、胎头跨耻征阳性(15.8%)等;社会因素剖宫产占18.3%,包括孕妇怕疼(6.9%)、孕妇精神紧张(5.6%)、孕妇家人担心(3.0%)等。年龄、产次和职业是医源性因素与社会因素剖宫产选择的影响因素。结论天津市宝坻区常住产妇剖宫产主要医源性因素为剖宫产史、羊水过少、胎头跨耻征阳性,主要社会因素为孕妇怕疼、孕妇精神紧张、孕妇家人担心;年龄、产次和职业对选择剖宫产有影响。%Objective To identify factors associated with selection of Caesarean section among pregnant woman Baodi District,a rural area of Tianjin City. Methods Data were obtained from the medical records of 394 women who delivered in 2012, and risk factors for Cesarean section with and without medical indications were examined. Results The ratio of cesarean section with a medical indication in Baodi district was 81.7%,including a history of previous Cesarean section (24.8%),oligohydramnios (24.8%),fetal head across the pubic symphysis positive (15.8%).Non-medical reasons accounted for 18.3% of all Cesarean section,including fear of pain (6.9%), nervousness about vaginal delivery (5.6%),over concerns from family members (3.0%). Conclusion The major medical indication for a Cesarean section in Baodi was a history of previous cesarean section,oligohydramnios,fetal head across the pubic symphysis positive.Major non-medical reasons included fear of pain,nervousness about vaginal delivery, over concerns from family members.

  3. 秦皇岛市北戴河区社区居民超重和肥胖及其危险因素%Overweight and obesity status and its risk factors of residents in Beidaihe District of Qinhuangdao City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘学双; 张海滨; 康凯燕; 王雪欧; 孙香云; 任力; 刘世娟

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the epidemiological characteristics and relative factors of adults with overweight and obesity in Beidaihe City, and provide scientific evidence for developing relevant control measures. [Methods] With randomized sampling,3 569 residents aged 20-92 years were selected from a community of Beidaihe District. Inquiry survey was used to obtain basic personal data and correlative factors, the height and weight were measured. [ Results] The overweight rate was 36. 79% and the obesity rate was 13.28% among adults in Beidaihe District, that of male was higher than female, the difference was significant (overweight :x2 =126.27,P<0.01 .obesity:x2 =70.06,.P<0.01). The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity were increased with the age. Multivariate analysis showed male, age and lower educational level were the influencing factors of overweight and obesity. [ Conclusion] The prevalence status and trends of overweight and obesity is not optimistic. The overweight and obesity rates of adult were higher than the average levels of China in 2002. Interventions should be taken as soon as possible.%目的 了解北戴河成年居民超重与肥胖的流行特点及相关因素,为制定相关的防治措施提供科学依据.方法 采用随机抽样方法,于2010年8-10月对区某社区20 -92岁人群进行面对面调查,抽取3569人,用询问调查法获得个人基本情况和相关因素,测量身高、体重.结果 北戴河成年人超重率为36.79%,肥胖率为13.28%.男性均高于女性,差异均有统计学意义(超重为x2=126.27,P<0.01,肥胖为X2=70.06,P <0.01),且超重、肥胖率均随年龄的增加而升高,经多因素分析,男性,大年龄和文化程度低是超重和肥胖的影响因素.结论 北戴河成年居民超重、肥胖患病现状和趋势不容乐观,超重、肥胖率均高于全国2002年平均水平,应尽快采取干预措施.

  4. Study on the Level of Health Knowledge and Related Influencing Factors Among Residents of Chaoyang District, Beijing City%北京市朝阳区居民健康知识水平及影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖琴; 孔浩南

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the level of health knowledge and related influencing factors among the residents in Chaoyang District of Beijing City, and to provide a scientific basis for developing strategies and intervention measures. Methods Using multi - stage stratified random cluster sampling, 1,800 residents aged between 18 and 79 years selected from 6 streets were investigated with the questionnaire about health knowledge. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to evaluate the level of health knowledge and analyze its influencing factors. Results The scores of 5 aspects of health knowledge, including healthy lifestyles, safety and first aid, basic medical care and health care, chronic non-communicable diseases prevention, infectious diseases and endemic diseases prevention, among the residents of Chaoyang District were as follows: (69. 84 ± 12. 96), (80.99 ±14.56), (75.64±11.81), (66. 54 ± 15.30), and (72. 37 ± 13. 79), respectively. And the total score of health knowledge was (73.39 ± 9.49). The results of multivariate analysis showed that sex, age and educational background were the ' factors influencing the scores of health knowledge, and educational background was the main impact factor. Conclusions It is necessary to conduct targeted health education according to the level of health knowledge in the residents with different characteristics.%目的 了解北京市朝阳区居民健康知识水平状况及影响因素,为制定相关政策和干预措施提供科学依据.方法 采用多阶段分层整群随机抽样方法,在6个街乡抽取1 800名18~~ 79岁常住居民,通过问卷进行居民健康知识现状调查,利用多元线性回归分析进行评价并分析影响因素. 结果 北京市朝阳区居民5类健康知识问题得分分别为健康生活方式(69.84±12.96)分、安全与急救(80.99±14.56)分、基本医疗与保健(75.64±11.81)分、慢性病预防(66.54±15.30)分、传染病与地方病预防(72.37±13.79)分,

  5. 2011年北京市怀柔区中小学生视力不良现状%Poor vision status of primary and middle school students in Huairou District of Beijing City in 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵爱国

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] To understand and grasp the vision status of primary and middle school students in the Huairou District of Beijing City,and provide a scientific basis for the development of students eyesight protection measures.[Methods] The vision monitoring data of physical examination,including 27 105 primary and middle school students of 38 schools in 2011,was analyzed.[Results]The detection rate of poor vision was 54.31%,among which the detection rate was 39.18% of primary school students,65.13% of junior secondary school students and 80.89% of high school students respectively.The poor vision detection rate increased with the growth of the school age.The poor vision detection rate of urban students was 61.00%,while that of rural students was 41.66%,the former was higher than the latter.The poor vision detection rate of boys was 49.31% and that of girls was 59.53%,the girls was higher than the boys.[Conclusion] The poor eyesight status of primary and middle school students is not optimistic in Huairou District.The detection rate is still at a high level,which should attract great attention from students,parents,schools and the whole society.It is urgent to adopt a comprehensive prevention and control measures to protect vision of students.%目的 了解和掌握北京市怀柔区中小学生的视力现状,为制定学生视力保护措施和防治对策提供科学依据.方法 对2011年辖区内38所学校27 105名中小学生健康检查资料中的视力监测数据进行分析.结果 怀柔区学生视力不良检出率为54.31%.其中小学学生检出率为39.18%,初中学生检出率为65.13%,高中学生检出率为80.89%,视力不良检出率是随着学龄段的增长而升高.城市学生视力不良检出率为61.00%,乡村学生视力不良检出率为41.66%,城市高于乡村.男生视力不良检出率为49.31%,女生视力不良检出率为59.53%,女生高于男生.结论 怀柔区中小学生视力不良情况不

  6. Quality of Food Hygiene in Nancahng District of Wuxi City during 2006-2010%无锡市南长区2006-2010年食品卫生质量分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷俊

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the quality of food hygiene in Nangchang District of Wuxi City during 2006 -2010, to identify the existed problem immediately, to adopt targeted inspection measures, to improve the quality of food hygiene, and ensure physical and mental health of consumers. [Methods]Based on the " National Food Hygiene Standards" 10 categories of food such as meat and meat Products, soy products, conserved fruit were tested and evaluated. SPSS 17.0 statistical software was used for statistical a-nalysis. [Results]Detection of 1 692 samples, 1 301 were eligible, the average qualified rate of 76. 89% , pickles had the highest qualified rate, followed by soy sauce, beverages, milk and dairy products, fermented wine, conserved fruits, cakes and bread, frozen drinks, all were over 73% , and the qualified rates of soy products, meat and meat products were lowest. [ Conclusion]Food quality increases annually in Nanchang District, but the quality of meat and meat products, soy products and other food is not optimistic. The above food should receive strict food safety risk monitoring and food safety regulatory.%目的 了解无锡市南长区2006-2010年食品卫生质量状况,及时发现存在的问题,有针对性地采取监管措施,提高食品的卫生质量,保障消费者的身心健康.方法 依据国家食品卫生标准对全区肉及肉制品、豆制品、蜜饯等10类食品进行检测、评价,采用SPSS 17.0统计软件对数据进行统计分析.结果 检测1692份样品,合格1301份,平均合格率为76.89%,其中酱腌菜合格率最高,酱油、饮料、乳及乳制品、发酵酒、蜜饯、糕点与面包、冷冻饮品合格率居中,均在73%以上,而肉及肉制品、豆制品合格率较低.结论 南长区食品卫生质量逐年提高,但肉及肉制品、豆制品等食品卫生质量不容乐观,应将此类食品作为今后食品安全风险监测及食品安全监管的重点.

  7. 重庆黔江区大气降水的化学特征及来源分析%Analysis on the Chemical Characteristics and Origin of Atmospheric Precipitation in Qianjiang District of Chongqing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚立; 揭芳芳; 刘兰玉; 安贝贝

    2015-01-01

    通过2013年6月—2014年5月对黔江区大气降水的化学组成分析研究表明,降水样品的 pH 值分布范围在4.91~7.32之间;SO2-4是降水中主要的阴离子,占阴离子总量的68.9%,Ca2+是降水中含量较高的阳离子,占阳离子总量的41.4%;SO2-4/NO -3浓度比为6.78,表明降水类型为硫酸盐型。陆源性离子 Ca2+、Mg2+以及海源性离子 Na +和 Cl -之间存在明显的相关关系。海水和土壤的富集系数表明,研究区域的 SO2-4和 NO -3主要归因于人为活动的影响。%Comprehensive studies of the chemical composition of atmospheric precipitation were from June 201 3 to May 201 4 in Qianjiang district of Chongqing city.pH of precipitation events ranged from 4.91 to 7.32. SO2 -4 was the main anion,accounting for 68.9% of the total mass measured anions in precipitation.Ca2 + was the main cation,accounting for 41 .4% of the total cations.The mean concentration ratio for SO2 -4 /NO -3 was 6.78, indicating that the rain pollutants was sulphate.Significant correlations were found between soil-derived species Ca2 + and Mg2 +and sea-salt species between Na + and Cl -.Enrichment factors of marine and soil indicated that SO2 -4 and NO -3 is mostly attributed to the anthropogenic activities.

  8. 深圳市龙岗街道流动工人的职业健康监护现况%Present situation of occupational health surveillance of migrant workers in Longgang Sub-district of Shenzhen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄武刚

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the present situation of occupational health surveillance of migrant workers, to analyze the problems existed in occupational health surveillance of migrant workers, and provide the reference for the management of migrant workers by related departments. [ Methods] A total of 1200 migrant workers from the enterprises with occupational hazards of Long-gang Sub-district of Shenzhen City were selected and investigated by questionnaires, then the results were statistically analyzed. [Results]The pre-post and the post occupational health examination rate of migrant workers was 17.1% and 57.3% respectively. The rate of occupational health surveillance in migrant workers was lower than that in permanent workers, most of the occupational inspection fees were paid by employing units. [ Conclusion] The current status of migrant workers'occupational health surveillance is not optimistic and occupational health supervision should be strengthened, the phenomenon of double-standard in occupational health examination is very serious and enterprise employment system should be standardized, not all the occupational inspection fees were paid by employing units and the operation system of industrial insurance should be changed.%目的 了解流动工人职业健康监护情况,分析流动工人职业健康监护中存在的问题,为相关部门对流动工人的管理提供参考.方法 对深圳市龙岗街道在有职业病危害企业工作的1200名流动工人进行现场问卷调查,对调查数据进行统计分析.结果 流动工人上岗前、在岗期间职、业健康检查率分别为17.1%、57.3%;流动工人职业健康监护率远低于固定工人;职业健康检查费用以用人单位支付为主.结论 流动工人职业健康监护状况不容乐观,应加大职业健康监护监督力度;职业健康检查双重标准现象突出,应规范企业用工制度;健康检查费用未能全部实现由用人单位承担,应调

  9. Epidemiological Analysis on Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Xihu District of Nanchang City during 2009-2010%南昌市西湖区2009-2010年性病报告的流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈芳; 余国辉; 邹华明

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the epidemiological characteristics of sexually transmitted diseases in reported by monitoring points of Xihu district in Nanchang city, provide the scientific basis for developing control measures. [ Methods] The reported data of sexually transmitted diseases from 2009 to 2010 were analyzed with descriptive epidemiology. [ Results] In 2009, 619 cases of sexually transmitted diseases were reported, most of cases were syphilis and gonorrhea, and the male to female ratio was 1.42 : 1. In 2010, 610 cases were reported, most of cases were syphilis, condyloma acuminatum and gonorrhea, and the male to female ratio was 0. 89 : 1. The reported cases showed a downward trend. The majority of patients were people aged 20-34 years old and over 60 years old. The main occupation included housework, unemployment and workers. [ Conclusion ] The key populations of sexually transmitted diseases are people aged 20-34 years old and over 60 years old, and the key occupations are floating population and workers. The prevention measures include strengthening the education of knowledge about prevention of sexually transmitted diseases and promoting the 100% condom use.%目的 了解南昌市西湖区性病监测点报告的性病的流行病学特征,为制定防治对策提供科学依据.方法 对2009-2010年性病疫情报告资料进行描述性流行病学分析.结果 2009年性病报告病例数为619例,以梅毒、淋病为主,男女性别比为1.42∶1;2010年性病报告病例数为610例,以梅毒、尖锐湿疣、淋病为主,男女性别比为0.89∶1;总体略呈下降趋势,报告发病数以20~34岁及60岁以上年龄段为主,职业分布以家务及待业和工人为主.结论 今后性病防治重点人群为20~40岁及60岁以上者,职业以流动人口及工人为主.防治措施以加强宣传性病防治知识及推广100%使用安全套为主.

  10. 深圳市福田地区在押人员精神障碍调查及护理对策%Investigation of mental disorders and nursing strategy in prisoners of Futian district in Shenzhen city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨磊; 陈丽; 朱一龙

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the incidence of mental disorders and nursing strategy in prisoners of futian district in shenzhen city. Methods:The men-tal health status of 244 cases of prisoners was evaluated used SCL - 90 and specific nursing were administrated. Results:The scores of 9 factors and the num-ber of positive items of SCL - 90 were higher than those in normal controls (P < 0. 05). The prevalence of mental disorders was 13. 94% ,of which the high-est was personality disorder,at 7. 38% ,accounting for 52. 95% . Conclusion:The mental health status of prisoners was serious abnormal,the mental disorder prevalence was high. It was great significance or good nursing to promote rehabilitation and maintain social stability.%目的::调查深圳市福田地区在押人员的精神障碍情况并进行有针对性的护理。方法:采用症状自评量表(SCL -90)测评244例在押人员的心理健康状况,并针对不同的心理健康状况进行针对性的护理。结果:在押人员 SCL -90测评量表中的9个因子得分以及阳性项目数均明显高于全国成人常模,差异有统计学意义(P <0.01);在押人员精神障碍的患病率高达13.94%。其中人格障碍患病率最高,为7.38%,占患病人数的52.95%。结论:在押人员心理健康状况存在明显异常,精神障碍患病率较高,良好的护理对促进疾病康复和维护社会稳定具有重要意义。

  11. Analysis on Immunization Coverage Rate in Jilin City Changyi District,2015 First Quarter%2015年第一季度吉林市昌邑区免疫规划疫苗接种情况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金成; 韩香淑

    2015-01-01

    Objective To know jilin city changyi district the immune planning vaccination, to provide scientific basis for suitable for the intervention measures. Methods Using immune planning information management system platform, obtaining the first quarter of 2015 in 14 street/the township-level vaccination units vaccination status report. Results Pass the en-trance kindergarten vaccination certificate inspection, the immune planning vaccination completion rate of 88.39%; The en-tire coverage of 95.50% immunization vaccines;In the first quarter of school-age children the immune planning vaccination rates monitoring data of average of 64.91%. Conclusion Streets and township-level vaccination units of the immune plan-ning vaccination work level no difference, vaccination staff work sense of responsibility and professional quality is the key to the vaccination work quality factor, the vaccination units system and stability directly affect the staff's working condition.%目的:了解吉林市昌邑区免疫规划疫苗的接种情况,为制定适合该区的干预措施提供科学依据。方法利用免疫规划信息管理系统平台,调取2015年第一季度全区14个街道/乡镇级接种单位的接种情况报表。结果通过入学入托预防接种证查验,免疫规划疫苗接种完成率达88.39%;免疫规划疫苗全程接种率达95.50%;第一季度适龄儿童免疫规划疫苗接种率监测数据平均值为64.91%。结论街道与乡镇级接种单位的免疫规划疫苗接种工作水平并无差异,接种人员的工作责任心及业务素质是接种工作质量好坏的关键因素,而接种单位体制及稳定性直接影响工作人员的工作状态。

  12. 重庆市某区统筹医疗保险居民受益公平分析%The Public Benefit Equity of City-Country Consistency Medical Security in a District of Chongqing Municipality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜涛; 陆筱聪; 项莉

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨重庆市某区城乡居民在统筹医疗保险的受益公平性.方法:利用保险基金使用率、实际补偿比和住院受益率等指标进行分析.结果:上年参加低档筹资标准保险的农村居民次均自付住院费用更少和经济收入较低,共同导致了绝大部分农村居民偏好低档筹资标准;参保高档筹资标准保险的城乡居民受益程度更大;参保高档筹资标准的城镇居民住院受益程度比参加同档筹资标准的农村居民大.结论:逐步缩小两档筹资标准和补偿差距,提高基层医疗机构名义补偿比,加强对农村居民的住院补偿力度.%Objectives: To evaluate if the urban and the rural of a District in Chongqing municipality benefited equally from City-Country Consistency Medical Insurance. Methods: Using indicators of utilization rate of insurance fund, actual compensation rate, and benefit rate of hospitalization. Results: Low economic income and the lower actual hospitalization expense of the rural in the last year's jointly lead most of them selected the lower level medical security; those who have chosen the high level medical security benefit more; the urban residents who have chosen the high level medical security benefit more. Conclusion: Narrowing gradually gap of security expenses and compensations of the two kinds of financing standard; promoting policy reimbursement ratio for basic medical service and increasing hospitalization compensation for the rural.

  13. 广州市越秀区中学生对吸烟行为的认知和态度%Knowledge and Attitudes towards Smoking among Middle School Students of Yuexiu District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵占杰; 曾四清; 陈玲; 李艳; 许小频; 王雅静

    2001-01-01

    Objective To understand the status of smoking among middle schoolstudents in Guangzhou and their knowledge and attitudes towards smoking. Methods Two questionnaire surveys were conducted to 1260 middle school students in Yuexiu District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province, in 1998 and 1999. Results 19.3% of the respondents reported that they had at least a smoke before. The smoking rate increased along with their age. They most often got cigarettes from friends or bought cigarettes out of their own pocket money. 5.5% of them held that smoking is beneficial by lessening fatigue and relieving stress; and 94.5% of them admitted the harm of smoking: polluting the environment and wasting money. Their smoking behavior was influenced by the knowledge and attitudes towards smoking of their families, friends, and themselves as well as their ages. Conclusion Comprehensive measures used to raise the awareness of the long-term and short-term harm of smoking among middle school students can effectively control smoking behavior among them.%目的 了解广州市中学生的吸烟情况和对吸烟行为的认知和态度。方法 用集中调查对象独立填写调查表的方法,对广州市越秀区中学生1260人进行了抽样调查。结果 19.3%的中学生至少吸过一口烟,且吸烟率随着年龄的增长而上升。通常得到香烟的途径是朋友给和自己用零用钱买。5.5%的人认为吸烟有好处,主要是能解除疲劳和调解情绪;94.5%的人承认吸烟有害,主要是污染环境和浪费金钱。他们吸烟的行为除受年龄的影响外,还受家庭、朋友以及自己对吸烟行为的认知和态度的影响。结论 采取综合性措施,使学生充分认识到吸烟的长期和短期危害,可有效地控制中学生的吸烟行为。

  14. Epidemiological status and influencing factors of hypertension among residents in Donghu District of Nanchang City%南昌市东湖区居民高血压流行现状及其影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童丽娟; 程飞

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective]To know the epidemiological status and influencing factors of hypertension among residents in Donghu District of Nanchang City, provide a scientific basis for formulating the intervention measures of hypertension. [Methods] Using the cluster sampling method, a certain amount of households were sampled based on the sampling unit of community, a questionnaire survey was conducted in residents over 18 years old, and related physical examination was performed. [ Results] A total of 7 437 people were investigated, and 1 226 were diagnosed with hypertension. The prevalence rate of hypertension was 16. 49% ; the awareness rate of hypertension was 78. 79% , the treatment rate was 51.04% , and the control rate was 43. 20%. The main risk factors of hypertension were overweight and obesity, long-term stress, family history of hypertension, alcohol consumption, unhealthy dietary pattern, and lack of physical exercise. [ Conclusion ] Hypertension is one of the main diseases that harm health of community residents, so it is necessary to carry our comprehensive prevention and intervention among high risk population according to main risk factors.%目的 了解南昌市东湖区社区居民高血压流行现状及相关危险因素,为有针对性地制定高血压预防干预措施提供科学依据.方法 采用整群抽样的方法,以社区为抽样单位,抽取一定数量的户数,入户对18岁及以上的常住人口进行问卷调查,并进行相应的体格检查.结果 共调查7437人,确诊高血压患者1 226人,高血压患病率为16.49%;高血压患病知晓率为78.79%,治疗率为51.04%,控制率为43.20%;超重肥胖、长期紧张、高血压家族史、饮酒、不合理的膳食结构、缺乏体育锻炼等是高血压主要危险因素.结论 高血压是威胁社区居民健康的主要疾病,应针对主要危险因素开展综合防治和对重点人群进行干预来控制高血压.

  15. 浅析杭州市余杭区粮食安全问题及对策%Analysis of the problems and countermeasures of the Food safety of the Yuhang District of Hangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱敏

    2014-01-01

    粮食安全问题是国家的头等大事,在社会发展和经济发展中具有重要的现实意义。中国人口多、耕地少,粮食一直是国家不可或缺的战略资源,具有重要的政治地位;粮食也是农业发展和物价稳定的标志,具有重要的经济地位。杭州市余杭区受耕地少、人口多、农业技术落后、农业收入低和储备制度不够完善等多方面制约因素的影响,用粮缺口比较大。只有从执行耕地保护措施、提高农业科技含量、实施富农服务政策、完善粮食储备制度几个方面入手,才能保障全区人民的用粮需求,稳定本地区的粮食安全形势。%The problem of food security is the top priority,has the important practical significance in the development of society and economy developing. Chinese population,less arable land,food has been the national strategic resources indispensable,have important political status;food and agriculture development and price stability,and has important economic status. Hangzhou city Yuhang district by population,less arable land,agricultural technology,agricultural income is low and reserve system is not perfect in many aspects such as the restriction factors,food gap is relatively large. Only from the implementation of measures to protect arable land, increase the content of science and technology,agricultural implement the service policy,perfecting the grain reserve system in several aspects,in order to safeguard the people's demand for food,the food security situation in the region.

  16. Practice of Performance Appraisal in Wangyuehu Community Health Service Center of Yuelu District in Changsha City%某社区卫生服务中心绩效考核的实践探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳树立

    2011-01-01

    目的 对长沙市岳麓区望月湖社区卫生服务中心绩效考核的实践过程进行分析,探讨如何调动基层医务人员参与社区公共卫生服务的积极性.方法 发放"社区居民健康消费卡",利用信息化系统进行监督、管理及绩效考核.结果 公共卫生服务的数量和质量大幅度提高;社区居民满意度越来越高;中心服务人次从日均30人左右,提高至日均200人左右.结论 发放"社区居民健康消费卡",实现公共卫生服务经费"先给数,后给钱;先分发,后回收",全过程利用进行监督、管理及绩效考核,成功调动了基层医务人员参与公共卫生服务的积极性.%Objective To analyze the practice process of performance appraisal in Wangyuehu Community Health Service Center of Yuelu District in Changsha City, and investigate how to mobilize the initiative of the grass - root medical staff to participate in community public health services. Methods The " community health of residents spending cards" were issued,and the work on supervision, management and performance approval was carried out by using the information systems. Results The quantity and quality of public health services greatly were improved, satisfaction of community residents had been increased constantly, the person times of the center services were increased from 30 or so daily to average of 200 daily. Conclusion by issue of " community health of residents spending cards" the public health service funds gets the condition of " amount first and money second; distribution first and callback second". In the whole process, by using " community health service in operation and performance appraisal systems" , supervision, management and performance approval are carried out, which achieves successful mobilization of the grass - root medical staff's enthusiasm for public health services.

  17. 广州市海珠区6岁儿童患龋的家庭影响因素%Family factors of caries in 6-year-old children in Guangzhou City, Haizhuqu District

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李曼煜; 张梦葩; 袁贤君

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨儿童龋病形成的家庭相关因素,为龋病预防提供参考.方法:①采用横断面研究对广州市海珠区1 042名6岁儿童进行口腔检查,了解患龋情况;②对儿童家长进行封闭式问卷调查,主要了解儿童饮食、口腔卫生习惯,家长对口腔保健的知、信、行等内容.结果:1042名受检儿童中,患龋526人,其中男性273人,女性253人,龋损率(50.4%),龋均3.12.儿童日常饮食种类及口腔卫生习惯与其患龋相关;家长口腔保健的知、信、行与儿童患龋相关.结论:减少含糖食品的摄入频率,少吃零食;培养儿童良好的口腔卫生习惯;加大对儿童家长口腔健康教育的力度,是预防儿童龋病的重要措施.%AIM:To investigate the family factors of caries in 6-year old children in Haizhu District,Guangzhou City.METHODS:Parents of 1042 children aged 6-year-old were asked to answer a questionnaire conceming children' s diet,eating habit,oral health care habit and the knowledge of oral health.The children received dental examination.RESULTS:Caries prevalence was 50.4% (526/1042,273 boyes and 253 girls) and DMFT was 3.12.Frequent intake of sugar and soft drinks were related to caries incidence rate.Parents' oral health care knowledge and children' s tooth brushing frequency were also relevant factors to caries formation.CONCLUSION:Oral health care education should be promoted for parents of young children.And children should be encouraged to take less sugar and brush their teeth more frequently.

  18. Study on Soil Nutrient Content and Potato Planting Suitability in Yuanzhou District of Guyuan City%固原市原州区土壤养分含量及马铃薯种植适宜性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁永锋

    2012-01-01

    对固原市原州区马铃薯种植合理施肥进行研究。利用土壤养分常规分析法测定固原市原州区耕层土壤养分含量,结合马铃薯生长需肥规律和目标产量配方施肥方法。结果表明:土壤有机质平均含量为14.44 g/kg,全氮0.998 g/kg,碱解氮68.83 mg/kg,有效磷5.82mg/kg,速效钾151.98 mg/kg,有效锌0.768 mg/kg,有效铜0.989 mg/kg,有效铁5.017 mg/kg,有效硫11.719 mg/kg,有效锰11.601 mg/kg,全磷0.759 g/kg,全钾0.593 g/kg。基于土壤养分现状提出了马铃薯种植适宜施肥方案。%To study potato painting fertilization in Yuanzhou District of Guyuan City,the paper used the conventional analytical method for the measurement of soil nutrients and measured soil nutrient content,combined with potato growth rule of the fertilizer requirement and target yield fertilization methods.The results showed that the average content of soil organic matter was 14.44 g/kg,total nitrogen content was 0.998 g/kg,alkali hydrolysable nitrogen content was 68.83 mg/kg,effective phosphorus content was 5.82 mg/kg,available potassium content was 151.98 mg/kg,effective zinc content was 0.768 mg/kg,effective copper content was 0.989 mg/kg,effective iron content was 5.017 mg/kg,effective sulfur content was 11.719 mg/kg,effective manganese content was 11.601 mg/kg,total phosphorus content was 0.759 g/kg,total potassium content was 0.593 g/kg.Based on the present situation of the soil nutrient of potato planting suitable,fertilization scheme was proposed

  19. 社会工作在满足老年人发展性需求方面的介入——基于对平江区L社区的调查%Social Work's Intervention in Meeting the Developmental Needs of the Aged: Based on the survey of the L community in Pingjiang District, Suzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐艳; 唐旭; 朱露露; 吴英珉; 沈璐; 杨祎

    2012-01-01

      Under the background of increasingly serious aging trend, the topic of meeting the developmental needs of the aged has been under heated discussion. This article takes L community in Pingjiang District, Suzhou City as a case, and draws the conclusion that developmental demand of the aged is affected by the factors such as the economic condition, physical condition and social support network. Through the actual intervention and evaluation in case, group and community social work, the author believes that social work intervention in meeting the developmental demands has feasibility and effectiveness.

  20. 20 CFR 422.5 - District offices and branch offices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Section 422.5 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES Organization and Functions of the Social Security Administration § 422.5 District offices and branch offices. There are over 700 social security district offices and branch offices located in the principal cities...

  1. Surveillance on adverse events following immuhization in Yuexiu district of Guangzhou city%广州市越秀区预防接种副反应监测分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辜洁妮; 湛柳华; 刘淑勤

    2011-01-01

    Guangzhou city from 2006 to 2009 and analyzed. Results Totally 286 AEFI cases were reported from 2006 to 2009 by the surveillance system. The estimated incidence of AEFI was 12.12/100 000 dose vaccination and most of the AEFI were reported during March to August. The AEFI reports involved 21 kinds of vaccine. Among all AEFI reported, there were 134 (5.67/100 000 doses) general response, 87 (3.68/100 000 doses) abnormal reaction, and 65 (2. 75/100 000 doses) coincidental reaction. The vaccines with first three frequent AEFI were Areinfluenza H1N1 influenza vaccine(75/100 000 doses) ,MR vaccine( 67.11/100 000 doses) and DTwP vaccine(66. 99/100 000 doses). The general reactions were fever (49. 25% ), local swelling and induration (29. 1% ), and fever with local swelling and induration (11. 94% ). The first three abnormal reactions were allergic skin rash, aseptic abscess, angioedema. The main coincidental reaction was upper respiratory infection. There were significant differences in the incidence of AEFI between vaccination with and without dilution^2 =5. 68 ,P = 0. 017 ) , and between different injection way (x2 = 4. 7, P = 0. 03). The children with allergy history were more likely to have abnormal reaction than general response with an odds ratio of 2.1. Conclusion No vaccine quality problem and mistake vaccination were found in AEFI surveillance. The vaccines are used safely and the incidence of AEFI is within the expected range in Yuexiu district of Guangzhou city.

  2. Construction of coastal protective forest communities in Nansha district, Guangzhou city%广州市南沙区海岸防护林群落构建技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴男才; 陈步峰; 吴敏; 粟娟; 潘勇军; 肖以华; 史欣; 段金平

    2013-01-01

    Forests, being an important vector in retaining and improving the quality of the present ecological environment, have attracted special concerns from governments and academia because they provide enormous ecosystem services for the planet. The pace of urbanization in the Pearl River Delta region is speeding up, which results in a series of environmental problems. The present study was carried out in a protective forest (consisting of three forest communities, i.e., water channel forest, windbreak forest, and isolating forest) in Nansha district, Guangzhou city, and was demonstrated as a case of urban forest construction in the Pearl River Delta. The study described the main purpose, key modes of the forest construction, and forest community structure therein. The results showed that artificial forest communities with certain protection functions could be constructed when following the principle of matching species with the site, using the proportion of arbor, shrub and grasses, giving a top priority to native tree species and a supplementary of exotic tree species, and adopting proper silvicultural measures before, during and after the afforestation. Construction of protective forest in Nansha district is a miniature and representative of urban forest construction in the Pearl River Delta, which possibly offers a reference for forming theories of urban forest construction in southern China. Resolving the urbanization crises, creating a livable environment, and achieving sustainable development, should seriously consider the population, the economy, and the pollution of the city, form suitable forest construction modes on the basis of water, climate, and soil condition from the point of multi-disciplinary theories and technologies, and also promote the collaboration from the government, social organizations, as well as the public.%森林是稳固和改善生态坏境的重要载体,因其能提供巨大的生态服务功能而备受各国政府和学界的关注

  3. 2011-2013年绵阳市涪城区狂犬病暴露病例流行病学分析%Epidemiological Analysis of Rabies Exposure Cases in Fucheng District of Mianyang City from 2011 to 2013

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊军; 张薇; 李陶

    2015-01-01

    目的:通过对2011-2013年绵阳市涪城区狂犬病暴露就诊者进行流行病学分析,以评估预防处置措施实施情况,找出狂犬病防治重点,为狂犬病防治提供依据。方法:根据狂犬病暴露预防处置门诊记录和统计资料,对伤人动物类别及暴露者的性别、年龄、职业、显露时间及部位、级别、伤口处理、疫苗接种情况等相关因素采用描述流行病学方法进行统计分析。结果:狂犬病暴露人群就诊者小于10岁和40~49岁人群为最多,分别占23.00%,18.97%;职业以农民比例最高,占31.73%;3~8月就诊病例最多,占61.61%。伤人动物主要是犬,占90.72%;伤人动物有狂犬病疫苗接种史为23.37%。暴露后3 h到狂犬病暴露门诊就诊者占50.54%,24 h内就诊者占88.80%,48 h内就诊者占94.80%。暴露后伤口规范处理、狂犬病疫苗规范使用率均为100%,但Ⅲ级暴露者狂犬病免疫球蛋白使用率为26.17%。结论:绵阳市涪城区狂犬病暴露人群主要为小于10岁的儿童和青壮年以及农民;3~8月是狂犬病暴露易发生月份;狂犬病暴露后伤口处理、狂犬病疫苗规范使用等预防处置措施实施较好,但Ⅲ级暴露者狂犬病免疫球蛋白使用率较低。伤人动物主要是犬,其狂犬病疫苗接种率极低。%Objective:Through make a epidemiological analysis for rabies exposure patients in Fucheng district of Mianyang city from 2011 to 2013,to evaluate the prevention and disposal measures implementation,find out the focus of rabies prevention and control,provide the basis for the prevention and control of rabies.Method:Based on records and statistics, descriptive statistics method was adopted to analyze the gender,age,occupational,revealed time and location,level,wound treatment,vaccination,wounding animal categories and other factors.Result:The top two age groups of injured people that went to rabies exposed outpatient clinic were

  4. Effect of comprehensive prevention and control of soil-transmitted nemato-diasis in Runzhou District of Zhenjiang City%镇江市润州区人群土源性线虫感染综合防治效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏爱; 陶恒业; 赵亚明; 蒋军; 王进; 梅进

    2014-01-01

    目的:评价镇江市润州区人群土源性线虫病防治效果。方法在实施药物驱虫、健康教育、改水改厕为主综合防治措施的同时,开展居民土源性线虫感染监测,调查当地经济指标、自来水和无害化厕所普及率,进行防治效果评价。结果1997-2012年全区实施集体化疗累计20.21万人次,粪检阳性驱虫化疗2006人次。居民健康知识知晓率1997年为57.18%,2012年达95.62%;自来水和无害化厕所普及率1997年分别为10.14%和10.21%,2012年分别为100.0%和90.38%。居民土源性线虫感染率与人均国内生产总值和居民人均年纯收入均呈显著负相关(r人均国内生产总值=-0.526, P<0.05;r居民人均年纯收入=-0.671,P<0.01);与自来水普及率、无害化厕所普及率和健康知识知晓率间也均呈显著负相关(r自来水普及率=-0.936,r无害化厕所普及率=-0.922,r健康知识知晓率=-0.774,P均<0.01)居民土源性线虫感染率呈指数曲线下降趋势(y=42.0317e-0.3576x ,R2=0.8036,F=57.28,P=0.000)。务农人员感染率显著高于学生(χ2=17.998,P<0.01),男、女感染率差异无统计学意义(χ2=3.627,P=0.057)。结论综合性防治措施实施及社会经济发展有助于人群土源性线虫感染率的持续下降。%Objective To evaluate the effect of comprehensive prevention and control of soil⁃transmitted nematodiasis in Runzhou District Zhenjiang City Jiangsu Province from 1997 to 2012. Methods The comprehensive prevention and control measures included the helminthicide health education improvement of water supplier and harmless toilets and these mea⁃sures were implemented continuously. At the same time the infection rates of soil⁃transmitted nematodes the local economic in⁃dicators and the coverage rates of tap water and harmless toilets were surveyed. Results The mass chemotherapy was per⁃formed for 202 100 person⁃times and the

  5. 上海市宝山区居民健康生活方式现况评价%Evaluation of health life style among residents in Baoshan District,Shanghai City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱燕红; 蔡忠元; 王路; 龚玉珍; 徐世源

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand status of the residents health life style in Baoshan District of Shanghai, and provide scientific basis to make related intervention measures. Methods Using multi-staged stratified random sampling method, 507 residents were enrolled and a household questionnaire survey was carried out in Baoshan District. Results The percentage of respondents who heard of national health lifestyle action and action catchword was 51. 6% and 58. 2% , respectively. More than 80% of respondents believed that healthy lifestyle should include reasonable diet, regular exercise, smoking quit and limited alcohol drinking. The awareness rates of balanced meal and normal blood pressure value range were higher, accounting for 92. 2% and 82. 6% . The awareness rate of moderate intensity aerobic exercise judgment standard, recommended adult physical activity level and date of the health life action were 8. 0% , 19. 8% and 20. 8% . Percentages of agreeing all health life styles were more than 65. 0% , except consciously controlling weight, which accounted for 47. 0% . Percentages of residents who often ate fresh vegetables and fruits in the past week were 90. 4% and 64. 6%. The prevalence rate of using limit salt spoon, limit oil pot and tape for BMI (Body Mass Index) or waistline was 32. 8% , 24.6% and 14. 0% , respectively. Utilization ratio of tape for BMI in women was higher than that in men (P < 0. 01 ). Conclusion The prevalence rates of awareness and behaviors among residents in Baoshan District, Shanghai City were both at a lower level. Popularization of health knowledge, health concepts should be further improved to form health behavior gradually.%目的 了解上海市宝山区居民健康生活方式现状,为制定相关干预措施提供科学依据.方法 采用多阶段分层随机抽样的方法,对507名常住居民入户进行问卷调查,用率的描述与χ2检验.结果 调查对象听说过全民健康生活方式行动及行动口号分别为51.6%

  6. 重庆市涪陵区G319公路洪灾风险评估研究%RISK ASSESSMENT OF HIGHWAY FLOODING ON G319 ROAD IN FULING DISTRICT OF CHONGQING CITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林孝松; 陈洪凯; 王先进; 唐红梅; 褚春超; 覃庆梅; 梁学战; 陈远川

    2013-01-01

    China is a mountainous country,and mountainous area counts for 2/3 of the total land area. Complicated geological and topographical conditions,climates with severe storms,dense population and human activities have led to frequent mountain floods and thus caused huge seismic casualty and property losses. Highway construction is essential to the development of mountainous regions in China, and highways in hilly areas are especially significant as key lifeline engineering. Thus we need to ensure highway traffic safe and unblocked. However,as a kind of ribbon engineering,highways in hilly areas are faced with conspicuous floods prevention and control problems due to its long distance and complicated conditions in topography, geology, climate and hydrology. Highway flood disasters refer to disasters that are caused by rainfall or floods and will lead to a series of geological damage to road infrastructure. Highway flood is a great threat to fluent traffic and it has also caused huge losses to road industry. According to the statistics,direct economic losses of highway and its accessory structures in China caused by mountain floods were as high as 4 450 million Yuan. Among them,regions stricken by mountain floods at different levels between May and July,2007,added up to 18 provinces (cities and districts). Traffic in 8 express highways,33 national roads and 578 provincial roads were interrupted and the economic losses reached 4110 million Yuan. National highway of G319 in Fuling District of Chongqing was researched in the paper,and it was divided into 340 zones according to the distribution of geomorphology and river system along the highway. With the support of ArcGIS,a risk assessment index system for highway flooding was established on the basis of floods developing environment,floods causing factors, floods suffering factors and flooding factors. And the index data for flood risk assessment of each zone along G319 highway were acquired through various methods. The

  7. 贵阳市云岩区2010年居民营养与健康状况调查%Nutrition and health status among residents of Yunyan district, Guiyang city in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张江萍; 王艳; 刘力允; 张威; 吴雅冬; 李鹏华; 晏家玲

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate nutrition and health status of residents in Yunyan district,Guiyang city,for making effective health promotion strategy.Methods Multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling was adopted to select 1 456 people from 455 households in six communities of Yunyan district in 2010.The participants were investigated by questionnaire survey,dietary survey,medical check-up and laboratory tests.Results The intakes of grain and potato of the residents were adequate (283 grams per person per day).While the daily consumption of fresh fruits (34 grams),fish and shrimp(4 grams),milk and its products (51 grams) were obviously lower than the recommended standard.The consumptions of livestock and poultry meat(108 grams) and edible oil(44 grams) were high.The intakes of various kinds of dietary nutrients in the residents were below the national consumption level 2002.And the retinol equivalent and calcium were 320.5 μg RE and 352.7 mg,which were 40% and 44% of the recommended standard(Chinese dietary reference intakes).Cereals accounted for 45.9% of energy from food.Beans and animal food accounted for 47.5% of protein from food.Animal food accounted for 47.4% of lipid from food.Malnutrition rate,overweight rate,obesity rate,prevalence of hypertension,prevalence of diabetes,hypercholesterolemia,hypertriglyceridemia of the residents over 18 years old were 4.6%,33.4%,11.8%,17.5%,6.4%,12.4%,and 29.6%,respectively.Conclusion The residents in Yunyan district take sufficient foods.The main improvement measure for the dietary pattern is adjusting the imbalance of dietary structure.Chronic diseases will be an important public health problem among the residents.%目的 了解贵州省贵阳市云岩区居民营养与健康状况,为制定健康促进策略提供依据.方法 采取多阶段分层整群随机抽样方法,抽取云岩区6个社区(村)455户1 456人进行询问、膳食调查、医学体检和实验室检测.结果 当地居民

  8. Zoning Districts, MFRDC has zoning boundaries for some of the counties and the cities in the area., Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Middle Flint RDC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Zoning Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as 'MFRDC has...

  9. Union County - La Grande, Oregon geothermal district heating: feasibility assessment. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jenkins, H. II; Giddings, M.; Hanson, P.

    1982-09-01

    This report presents an assessment of geothermal district heating in the City of La Grande, Oregon. Eight study area districts were analyzed to determine their economic feasibility. Results from the analyses conclude that certain districts within the City of La Grande are economically feasible if certain assumptions are correct. Development of geothermal district heating for these areas would provide direct energy and dollar savings to the building owners and would also provide direct and indirect benefits to low and moderate income households within the City.

  10. Urban Districts Compare Notes on Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aarons, Dakarai I.

    2009-01-01

    Urban school systems are large businesses, charged with running a wide range of noninstructional functions that typically do not garner them much national notice. Now, thanks to the work of a coalition of big-city districts, their leaders are gathering data on how those operations are run, in the hope of improving their business practices. The…

  11. A District's Use of Data and Research to Inform Policy Formation and Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seager, Andrew; Madura, John P.; Cox, Joshua; Carey, Rebecca

    2015-01-01

    This descriptive study of a change initiative by the Syracuse (NY) City School District informs the question, "How do school boards and districts better use research and data to inform policy decisions?" Researchers used interviews and artifacts to describe how the district developed and implemented a new discipline policy, the Syracuse…

  12. Yiling District,Pearl of the Three Gorges Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    YLING District of Yichang City, Hubei Province, near the Yangtze liver Xiling Gorge, marks the midway spot between the river’s upper and middle reaches. It is site of the Gezhouba Dam and the Three Gorges Project dam, and has consequently been dubbed gate to the Three Gorges. With a territory of 3,424 square kilometers, Yiling is the largest and most populous district of Yichang City.Urban construction-The district has invested one billion yuan in urban construction which has expanded the urban area to 8 square kilometers. The local infrastructure, transportation and environment have also been upgraded.

  13. The Limitation of "Three Old" Transformation Concept Used in the Old Urban District Renewal of Historical and Cultural City--Case Study of Foshan Pujun Metro%“三旧”改造概念运用在历史文化名城老城区更新中的局限性--佛山普君新城案例研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨俭波; 李凡; 黄维

    2014-01-01

    本文讨论的内容是“三旧”改造概念在历史文化名城老城非核心区更新中的作用和价值。本文的相关结论都是基于对佛山市普君南区(普君新城)的案例研究,结论显示,“三旧”改造概念在历史文化名城非核心区的城市更新中存在部分局限性。%This paper discusses the content that the role and value of "Three Old" transformation concept in the old urban non-core district renewal of historical and cultural city. The conclusion of the article is based on the case study of Foshan South Pujun (Pujun Metro), according to the conclusion, there is the of "Three Old" transformation concept in the old urban non-core district renewal of historical and cultural city.

  14. Conservation strategies on “Non-integral Historic Buildings” of rural areas-- A case study of Dongwu town of Yinzhou district of Ningbo city%农村地区“非成片历史建筑”的生存困境与化解对策--以宁波市鄞州区东吴镇为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢双军; 管斌君

    2015-01-01

    The integral historic buildings have been gained better attention and protection on condition of the policies such as historical and cultural cities or historic district conservation currently. The non-integral historic buildings of rural areas have not been paid enough attention to and have faced huge crises. Their survival and future destiny is worrying. Through the field investigations of historic buildings in Dongwu Town of Yinzhou District Ningbo City, the corresponding solutions and conservation strategies of non-integral historic buildings of rural areas are put forward.%成片的历史建筑在历史文化名城名镇名村等政策下得到较好的重视和保护,而散落在广大农村地区“非成片历史建筑”远没有得到足够的重视,其生存现状、未来命运令人堪忧。通过对宁波市鄞州区东吴镇历史建筑的现场调研,就农村地区“非成片历史建筑”提出相应的生存困境化解办法和保护利用对策。

  15. Discussion on Construction of Automatic Monitoring Points of Ambient Air in New District of Dandong City%关于在丹东市新城区建设环境空气自动监测点位的阐述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁松筠

    2014-01-01

    According to current situation of ambient air automatic monitoring points in Dandong city, com-bined with monitoring of ambient air quality and requirement of the creation of environmental protection model city, we consider to construct ambient air automatic monitoring points in new district which ensures distribution uniformity of ambient air monitoring points and reflects the pollution status and the change tendency of main source of air pollution in main function district of new town.%根据丹东市环境空气自动监测点位现状,结合环境空气质量监测规范及创建环境保护模范城的要求。考虑在新城区建设环境空气自动监测点位。这样可以保证丹东市各行政区环境空气监测点位分布的均匀性,反映新城区主要功能区和主要空气污染源的污染状况及变化趋势。

  16. 36 CFR 28.3 - Boundaries: The Community Development District; The Dune District; The Seashore District.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Development District; The Dune District; The Seashore District. 28.3 Section 28.3 Parks, Forests, and Public... General Provisions § 28.3 Boundaries: The Community Development District; The Dune District; The Seashore... Community Development District, the Seashore District, and the Dune District. (b) The Community...

  17. 北京市崇文区职业人群慢性病患病情况及其危险因素%Prevalence and risk factors of chronic diseases among occupational population in Chongwen District of Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石红梅

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the prevalence and risk factors of common chronic diseases among occupational population in Chongwen District of Beijing City,to identify the focus of health education,and provide evidence for formulating reasonable health education and health promotion strategies.[Methods] A total of 350 adults aged 18-60 years were selected by multi-stage cluster samphng method for questionnaire survey,physical examination and laboratory tests.[Results] The prevalence rates of hypertension,diabetes and dyslipidemia were 32.6%,12.6% and 20.8% respectively.An upward trend could be seen in the prevalence of these diseases with age rising.And no statistic differences were seen in different occupation.Logistic analysis showed that the risk factors of hypertension were age,waist circumference,BMI,alcohol drinking and diabetes.The analysis also showed that men,sitting more than 4 hours per day,having a family history of chronic disease,diabetes and longer waist circumference were at high risk for dyslipidemia.[Conclusion] The male workers overweight or obesity,with longer waist circumference should be taken as the focus of intervention.Meanwhile health education and intervention should be enhanced to against risk factors.%目的 了解北京市崇文区职业人群常见慢性病患病率及相关危险因素现状,以确定职业健康教育重点,为制定合理的健康促进策略提供依据.方法 应用多阶段整群抽样方法,从4类职业人群中抽取350人进行问卷调查、体格测量和血生化检查.结果 调查人群中高血压、糖尿病、血脂异常患病率分别为32.6%、12.6%和20.8%.呈现出随着年龄增长患病率升高的趋势,不同职业慢性病患病情况没有差别.logistic回归分析结果显示,年龄、腰围、饮酒、体重指数(BMI)、糖尿病是高血压患病的危险因素;男性、腰围超标、业余静态时间≥4 h、有慢性病家族史和糖尿病的人患血脂异

  18. Pollution Characteristics of Heavy Metals in Vegetable Garden Soils on the Roof of Buildings in the Old District of Wanzhou City%万州老城区楼顶菜地土壤重金属污染特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林俊杰; 王云智; 陈国祥; 付川; 李廷真; 来守军

    2011-01-01

    Spatial variation characteristics of heavy metals including Cr, Cd, Cu, Ni and Mn in vegetable garden soils on the roofs of buildings in the old district of Wanzhou city were studied using the ArcGIS geostatistical analytical module. The geo-accumulation index method was used to assess the heavy metal pollution status. Results showed that among the five elements ,ω(Cu) ,ω(Ni) and ω(Mn) were medium in variation intensity,while ω(Cr) and ω(Cd) had a big spans of variation,which suggested the sources of heavy metals in the vegetable garden soils were significantly affected by outside interference with a large spatial variability. In the spatial distribution, all of the five metals had the same hotspot A, which was located in the northwest of the study area. The concentrations of Cr,Ni and Mn showed some overlapped areas in another hotspot which was located in the midwest of the study area,indicating there may be some combined pollution. Correlative analysis also gave the same result. According to the results of the geoaccumulation index assessment,the soils were seriously polluted by Cd,slightly polluted by Cr,and unpolluted by Cu,Ni and Mn.%为研究万州老城区菜地土壤重金属污染状况,运用ArcGIS地统计分析模块分析了万州老城区楼顶菜地中5种重金属元素Cr,Cd,Cu,Ni和Mn的空间分布特征,并采用地累积指数法评价了楼顶菜地土壤中重金属的污染状况.结果表明:w(Cu),w(Ni)和w(Mn)属于中等变异,w(Cr)和w(Cd)属于强变异,说明楼顶菜地重金属的来源受外界干扰明显,空间变异较大;在空间分布上,这5种重金属存在一个相同的高值区A,位于研究区西北部;w(Cr),w(Ni)和w(Mn)另一高值区在研究区中西部部分重合,表明Cr,Ni和Mn元素之间可能存在一定的复合污染,与相关性分析的结果一致;根据地累积指数法评价结果,万州老城区楼顶菜地土壤Cd为重度污染,Cr为轻度污染,Cu,Ni和Mn未受污染.

  19. 2009-2011年北京市怀柔区动物鼠疫疫情调查与分析%An investigation and analysis of animal plague in Huairou District of Beijing City between 2009 and 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李超; 周纪臣; 刘洋; 王保东; 闫雪

    2014-01-01

    目的 调查北京市怀柔区啮齿动物及其寄生蚤种群组成及数量动态,开展动物鼠疫血清学监测.方法 2009-2011年,在怀柔区8个乡镇的不同生境中进行啮齿动物密度调查,采集啮齿动物血清进行鼠疫间接血凝试验,对寄生蚤进行分类鉴定.结果 共捕获啮齿类动物8种709只,鼠密度为2.52%(83/3 300),社鼠、大林姬鼠为优势鼠种,分别占捕鼠总数的46.4% (329/709)、18.1%(128/709);采集啮齿动物血清563份,鼠疫血清F1抗体检测均为阴性;检蚤200匹,染蚤率29.63%(48/162),蚤指数1.23,屈褶副角蚤、多刺细蚤为优势蚤种,分别为30、27匹.结论 目前尚无动物鼠疫流行的迹象,但仍存在着适宜啮齿类动物生存的环境条件.%Objective To investigate the species composition and quantitative dynamic state of rodent and parasitic flea in Huairou District of Beijing City,and to carry out serologic monitoring of animal plague.Methods Rodent density was investigated at different habitats in eight villages and towns between 2009 and 2011.Serum samples from captured rodents were detected by indirect hemagglutination test,and genotypes of collected parasitic fleas were identified.Results A total of 709 rodents which belong to eight different kinds were captured with a rodent density of 2.52% (83/3 300),and Rattus niviventer and Apodemus peninsulae were dominant species,acounted for 46.4% (329/709) and 18.1%(128/709),respctively.Five hundred and sixty-three serum samples of rodents were tested by plague indirect hemagglutination,and all of them were plague antibody negative.Two hundred fleas were checked with a flea infected rate of 29.63% (48/162),and a flea index of 1.23; Paraceras crispus and Leptopsylla pavlovskii were dominant flea species,a total of 30 and 27,respectively.Conclusion Some environment conditions are suitable for rodents survival,even though there is no sign of animal plague epidemic.

  20. Risk factors inducing children bronchial asthma in Bao'an District of Shenzhen City%深圳市宝安区儿童支气管哮喘发病的危险因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓娟; 吴智娟; 钟文明

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] To learn the risk factors of bronchial asthma of children in Baoan District of Shenzhen City,and provide basis for early intervening and treating bronchial asthma.[Methods] With case-control study method,a total of 108 cases of children bronchial asthma as case group and 110 cases of non-bronchial asthma as control group.These cases were investigated with self-designed questionnaire,then used single factor analysis and multiple factors analysis method to screen the risk factors.[Results] The study results showed that the risk factors of children bronchial asthma included hypersensitiveness history (OR =2.646),family asthma history (OR =5.155),repeated respiratory infection history (OR =4.116),smoking history of parents (OR =3.028),bad habitation environment (OR =2.123),contacting allergens (OR =4.509),but usually airing quilt (OR =O.500) was the protective factor.[Conclusion] Children bronchial asthma is closely related with hereditary factors,host factors and environmental factors,so it is very important to prevent and intervene children bronchial asthma with high risk factors.%目的 了解深圳市宝安区儿童支气管哮喘(哮喘)发病的危险因素,为早期预防和治疗提供依据.方法 采用病例对照的研究方法,将确诊的108例儿童哮喘病例作为病例组,同时收集110例非支气管哮喘患儿作为对照组;对病例组和对照组进行问卷调查,采用单因素和多因素分析研究儿童哮喘发病的危险因素.结果 研究结果显示,患儿过敏史(OR=2.646)、父母哮喘史(OR=5.155)、呼吸道反复感染史(OR =4.116)、父母吸烟史(OR=3.028)、居住环境差(OR =2.123)、接触过敏原(OR =4.509)为危险因素,而经常晾晒被辱(OR=0.500)为保护因素.结论 儿童支气管哮喘发病与遗传因素、宿主因素、环境因素等密切相关,应针对高危因素和高危人群进行重点预防和干预.

  1. 2009-2011年秦皇岛市海港区疑似接种异常反应监测结果%Surveillance results of AEFI in Haigang District of Qinhuangdao City from 2009-2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽洁; 王远红; 常秋君; 班瑞; 武翠玲

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective ] To analyze the characteristics of adverse events following immunization (AEFI) in Haigang District of Qinhuangdao City from 2009-2011. [ Methods] The case data of AEFI were collected by surveillance system and analyzed by descriptive method. [Results] Totally 203 AEFI cases were collected, 154 (75. 86% ) cases were caused by national planning vaccine, 49 (24.14% ) were caused by class II vaccine, 63.55% were children sSl year. Of 203 AEFI cases, 197 (97.04% ) had side effect, 62 had fever≥38.6℃, 71 had local red induration, 55 had other reactions. 85.71% AEFI happened within 24 hours after inoculation, 10.84 % happened 2-7 days after inoculation, 3.45% after 8 days. Five cases (2. 46% ) had abnormal reaction, 1 (0.49% ) with coupled reaction. [ Conclusion] AEFI is associated with intensive inoculation in infantile period apart from vaccine unique characteristics. The increasing number of inoculation will inevitably lead to the increase of AEFI cases as well as the vaccination required services and social costs. Immunization programs should give full consideration to the response of the immune system of infants and young children.%目的 分析秦皇岛市海港区2009-2011年以来疑似预防接种异常反应(adverse events following immunization,AEFI)的发生特性.方法 通过AEFI监测系统收集全区个案数据,采用描述的方法进行分析.结果 共收集AEFI 203例个案,国家规划疫苗154例,占75.86%;二类疫苗(自费)49例,占24.14%.≤1岁的占63.55%.在203例AEFI中,不良反应197例,占97.04%;其中发热≥38.6℃71例,局部红肿硬结>2.5 cm 62例,其他反应55例.有85.71%发生在接种后24h内,10.84%发生在接种后2~7d,3.45%发生在接种8d后.异常反应5例(2.46%),偶合反应1例(0.49%).结论 AEFI除疫苗特有的特性外,与婴幼儿时期接种剂次密集有关.接种数量的增加必然导致AEFI的增加,也增加了为完成接种所需的服务和社会成本,免

  2. 吉林市船营区土壤中变电站接地网的腐蚀性研究%Soil Corrosion of Grounding Grid of Substation in Chuanying District of Jilin City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张兰河; 张雪峰; 张万友; 张海丰

    2013-01-01

    The main physicochemical properties of the soil at Chuanying District of Jilin City was examined according to the Code for Inyestigation of Geotechnical Engineering (GB50021-94) and test method of national soil corrosion test network. Then the main influence factors on the soil corrosion of the grounding grid were analyzed. The results showed that the soil resistivity was merely decreased from 53.2 Ω·m to 25.1 Ω·m when the moisture content was increased from 17.14 % to 21.21%. However, the soil resistivity was drastically increased from 234.6 Ω·m to 2253.5 Ω·m when the moisture content decreased from 11.25% to 2.04%. When the pH of soil was lower than 7.0, the maximum corrosion rate of the Q235 steel electrode was 0.6773 mm/a and the corrosion current density was 59.37 uA o cm2, respectively. The minimum corrosion rate of electrode was 0.2328 mm/a and the corrosion current density was 23.01 μA o cm2, respectively, when the soil pH was 7.0~8.5. The maximum corrosion current density was 98.76 μA·cm2 and the Q235 steel electrode corrosion was the most serious when the Cl concentration of soil was about 1.0 mass%. However, when the Cl- concentration of soil was increased to 4.0 mass%, the electrode corrosion was weakened with corrosion current density of 29.40 μA·cm2.%根据《岩土工程勘察规范》(GB50021-94)和全国土壤腐蚀性试验网站对吉林市船营区土壤的主要理化性质进行了综合评价,分析了接地网在土壤中的腐蚀机理及影响土壤腐蚀性的主要因素.结果表明:当土壤含水率从17.14%增到21.21%时,土壤电阻率从53.2 Ω·m减小至25.1 Ω·m;当土壤含水率从11.25% WHC下降至2.04% WHC时,土壤电阻率从234.6Ω·m增加到22535Ω·m.当土壤pH<7.0时,Q235钢电极的最大腐蚀速率为0.6773 mm/a,腐蚀电流密度为59.37 μA·cm-2;当pH=7.0~8.5时,电极的最小腐蚀速率为0.2328 mm/a,腐蚀电流密度为23.01 μA·cm2.当土壤C1-为1.0%左右时,Q235钢电

  3. The Contents and Distribution of Selenium in Topsoils in Yubei District, Chongqing City and Its Agroeconomic Significance%重庆渝北地区表层土壤硒含量分布与农业经济意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严明书; 张茂忠; 唐将; 龚媛媛; 董攀; 刘剑锋

    2012-01-01

    通过对重庆渝北地区表层土壤网格化取样分析及岩、土、植物样的分析评价,阐述了Se元素的含量水平、空间分布与农业经济意义,并编制富硒土壤分布图。研究区表层土壤Se背景平均值为0.205mg·kg^-1。土壤Se分布主要受地层、岩性及土壤对Se元素富集特性的控制。区内富硒土面积208.25km^2,占全区11.57%,足硒土面积576km^2,占全区32%。最具开发潜力的富硒土区为“北碚天府-工农-代家沟”一带(Ⅰ区),面积为36.8km^2,富、足硒土次之(Ⅱ、Ⅲ区),面积为110.3km^2。富硒主区白菜、卷心菜等十字花科作物,水稻、玉米等粮食作物为富硒无公害或绿色农产品,具较大的农业经济意义。关键词:硒;富硒土;富硒农产品%The contents and distribution of selenium (Se) in the topsoils in Yubei district, Chongqing City and its agroeeonomie significance were investigated, and the Se-rieh soil distribution chart was drawn, aeeording to the evaluation of the topsoil, rock, soil and vegetable. The average value of Se in the tested area was 0. 205 mg·kg^-1. The distribution of Se was controlled by the strata, lithology and the characteristics of soil concentration. The Se-rich topsoils covered an area Of 208. 25 km^2 (11.57%) while the Se-abundanee topsoils, 576 km2 (32%). Aeeording to the contents of Se, the tested area was divided into 3 regions: I, II and Ⅲ. Region I, that is "Beibei-Tianfu-Gongnong-Daijiagou", was the most potential development Se-rieh topsoil and it covered an area of 36.8 km^2 , followed by region II and region Ⅲ (110.3 km^2). Many vegetables and cereals in region Ⅰ, such as eruciferae (for example Chinese cabbage, cabbage etc. ), rice and maize and so on, were the Se-rich green food and nuisance-free agricultural products. And they have immense agro-eeonomie significance:

  4. 沈阳市和平区幼儿园儿童健康状况%Health condition of children in the kindergartens of Heping District in Shenyang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘璠; 孙铭

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the growth status and prevalence rate among children in the kindergartens of Heping District in Shenyang City,provide a basis for coping with the changes of health condition of children,find out the emphasis of child health care and improving the level of child health care.[Methods] The health examination data and child health care reports in kindergartens from 2007-2011 were analyzed.The prevalence rate of obesity,audition,malnutrition and other common childhood diseases were described,and the trend changes were compared.[Results] The prevalence of obesity in children under 5 years old increased from 4.08% to 5.84%,which showed a rising trend (x2 =16.95,P < 0.05).The prevalence of malnutrition was instability,but it had been controlled at a low level The prevalence of diarrhea increased,and that reached 1.26% in 2011,which significantly higher than that in past yeas.The prevalence of anemia among children under 7 years old had the characteristics of instability.The prevalence of saprodontia,myopia and rickets decreased obviously,and that was respectively 26.84%,5.20% and 0.04% in 2011.The prevalence of hearing impairment was low.[Conclusion] It is necessary to pay great attention to the prevention and control of obesity in the child health care in kindergarten.The prevention of malnutrition,anemia and diarrhea should be further strengthened,and the hearing screening needs to be improved.%目的 了解沈阳市和平区幼儿园儿童生长发育以及患病情况,为应对儿童健康状况变化、明确儿童保健工作重点、提高儿童保健水平提供依据.方法 对2007-2011年幼儿园儿童健康检查资料及园所儿童卫生保健报表数据进行统计分析.描述肥胖、营养不良以及其他儿童常见病、听力障碍的患病情况,比较其时间变化趋势.结果 幼儿园5岁以下儿童的肥胖率由4.08%增高至5.84%,总体呈上升趋势(x2=16.95,P<0.05);营养不良率有一

  5. Epidemiological characteristic of food poisoning caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Futian District of Shenzhen City%深圳市福田区副溶血性弧菌食物中毒的流行病学特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨梅; 蒋立新; 王永刚; 黄慧萍; 李玥

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the epidemiological characteristic of food poisoning caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Futian District of Shenzhen City, and provide evidence for Vibrio parahaemolyticus related food poisoning control. [Methods] The data of food poisoning caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus from 2007 were accessed, The Vibrio parahaemolyticus was separated according to GB/4789.7-2003, and biochemically identified by GNID, and the serotype was determined by serum slide agglutination. The bioMérieux France ATB Fungs method was used to perform microbial sensitivity test. [Results] The peak season of Vibrio parahaemolyticus related food poisoning was August and September. The major of the poisoning foods were vegetable salad and cooked meat products which were not heated thoroughly. 03 : K6 was the predominant serotypes of Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains (50.0% ). Most strains showed resistance to ampicillin (61.5%), ticarcillin (50.0%) and cefazolin (42. 3% ). [Conclusion] It is important to control food poisoning caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus of 03 : K6 serotypes. The rational administration should be applied in the treatment of related disease.%目的 了解深圳市福田区副溶血性弧菌食物中毒的流行病学特征,为该类食物中毒的预防控制提供依据.方法 查阅2007年以来副溶血性弧菌食物中毒的档案资料,副溶血性弧菌食物中毒样品的分离根据国标GB/T 4789.7 - 2003进行,用GNID革兰阴性菌鉴定板进行生化鉴定,用血清玻片凝集实验进行血清学分型,用法国梅里埃ATB Fungs酵母菌药敏反应板进行药敏实验.结果 副溶血性弧菌食物中毒主要发生在8、9月,中毒食物以凉拌菜和未彻底加热的熟肉食品为主.血清型主要以03∶K6型为主,占50.0%.副溶血性弧菌对氨苄西林(AMP)、替卡西林(TIC)、头孢唑啉(KZ)的耐药率分别为61.5%、50.0%和42.3%.结论 要重点防制03∶K6型副溶血性弧菌食物中毒,在治疗时应合理用药.

  6. Investigation on health related behaviors among adolescents in Liwan District, Guangzhou City%广州市荔湾区青少年健康相关行为现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘淑贤; 张万方

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand current situation of adolescents' health-risky behaviors in Liwan District, Guangzhou City, to provide evidence for school' s health education and decision-making. Methods In November 2008, with the logic of stratified cluster sampling, we randomly selected students from 5 middle and high schools of Liwan for collective survey, by applying " China youth health-related behavior survey questionnaire" provided by China Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Results Totally 664 students were investigated (311 male, 353 female; 274 middle school students, 390 high school students) . In the past 7 days, 74. 8% (497/664) of students ate breakfast daily; 30. 1% (200/664) had the phenomenon of diet favoritism; 32. 1% (213/664) had self-opinion of overweight; 31.5% (209/664) kept diet or rejected meat food for weight control. The rates were averagely greater in girls than those in boys (P 1 h was 3. 6 days. In the past one month, 56. 3% (374/664) of the students had the behavior of walking in violation of pedestrian traffic regulations. In the past 12 months, 8.6% (57/664) of students had intended on self injuries; 13. 1% (87/664) of students had tendency of suicide; 22. 3% ( 148/664) students had history of cigarette smoking and 61. 6% (409/664) had alcohol consuming experience. In the past 7 days,43. 8% (291/664) of students play computer > 2 h / d ;20.0% (133/664) of students play video games > 4h/d;19.9% of students have gambling experience. In the past 12 months, 14. 3% (95/664) of the students had read books or multimedia products with pornographic contents, The average percentages of the risk behaviors above were higher in high school than that in middle school, and higher in boy students than that in girl students (all P < 0.01). Conclusion Health risk behavior issue was widespread and prominent among adolescents in Li-wan District. It is necessary to launch corresponding health-promoted activities by training and coaching on life skills

  7. Contamination of Foodborne Pathogens in Directly Edible Food in Fengtai District of A City%2010年某区城乡居民膳食营养状况的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯月明; 肖贵勇; 王佳佳; 安军静

    2014-01-01

    Objective To study the status of diet and nourishment pattern among residents in fengtai District of Beijing City and provide scientiifc evidence for nutrition improvement and reasonable dietary guidance.Methods Total of 595 residents of 6 committees 180 households in Fengtai District of Beijing were interviewed during August 2010 to October, and a multi-stage cluster sampling strategy was used. A 24 -hour dietary recall method with condiments weighing method were chosen to collect all food intake information for 3 consecutive days. Calculate each standard man-day nutrition intake. The data were compared to the previous nutrition surveys done in 2002.Results The percentage of calories was 12.7% from protein, 35.4% from fat, 51.9% from carbohydrate, respectively, and the dietary conifguration was unreasonable in fengtai residents 2010. Residents per standard man-day energy, protein, fat intake were 1954.4 kcal, 61.7 g and 77.4 g. Vitamin A, thiamine, ribolfavin, niacin, vitamin C, vitamin E intake were 415.3μg RE, 0.8 mg, 0.8 mg, 12.8 mg, 74.3 mg and 74.3 mg. Sodium, calcium,iron and zinc intake were 5576.7, 409.6, 22.1 and 9.7 mg.In addition to iron and vitamin E, sodium intake reach or exceed RNI/AI recommended levels, other nutrients intake were below the recommended level. Dietary nutrients intake status had a tendency to lower than in 2002. Conclusion The energy ratio of macronutrients was imbalanced among Fengtai adults, and the vast majority of vitamins and minerals intake were insufifcient. Related intervention strategies should be made for nutrition related diseases control and prevention.%目的:了解北京市丰台区居民膳食营养状况,为开展营养改善和合理膳食指导工作提供科学依据。方法采用多阶段分层整群随机抽样的方法,2010年8月至2010年10月在丰台区抽取6个居委会180户居民共计595人,采用连续3天24小时膳食回顾法与调味品称重法相结合的方法进行膳食调查。计

  8. Epidemiologic characteristics and prediction of influenza-like illness in Huangpu District, Shanghai City%上海市黄浦区流感疫情流行特征及预测分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈福杰; 张焕珠; 陈军; 余勇夫; 周建军

    2013-01-01

    目的 探索上海市黄浦区流感流行特点及疫情演变规律.方法 采用描述性流行病学方法,分析黄浦区2004-2011年流感样病例(influenza-like illness,ILI)流行趋势;应用两种季节趋势模型预测2012年1~9月份的ILI病例就诊百分比,并进行比较.结果 黄浦区ILI就诊百分比从2004年的2.06%(2 267/110201)降至2011年的1.02%(1 433/139 833)(P<0.001),平均1.51%(14 083/929883).流感发病流行高峰期为夏季和冬季(Z=-2.44,P=0.015),2009年起为冬春季高发.15岁以下人群ILI就诊构成比和估算人群粗发病率均高于其他年龄组.基于移动平均法的季节趋势模型预测2012年1~9月ILI%的平均相对误差和绝对误差分别为0.61%和3.04,低于基于季节指数的季节趋势模型预测值(6.44%和3.01),且曲线更加平滑,可以设定预警值和行动值.结论 黄浦区2004-2011年ILI就诊百分比整体呈下降趋势.基于移动平均法的季节趋势模型预测法能客观地反映流感活动的实际变化趋势,可应用于ILI疫情预警.%Objective To describe the epidemiologic characteristics of influenza-like illness (ILI) and predict the disease in Huangpu District,Shanghai City.Methods The surveillance data of ILI from 2004 to 2011 in the region,was used to estimate the out-patient visiting percentage and crude morbidity of ILI in the area.Two seasonal trend models were applied to predict the situation during the period of January to September in 2012 and compared with the surveillance data.Results The out-patient visiting percentage of ILI decreased from 2.06% (2 267/110 201) in 2004 to 1.02% (1 433/139 833) in 2011 (P for Cochran-Armitage Trend Test <0.001),with an average rate of 1.51% (14 083/929 883) during the whole period.The peak rate was observed in summer and winter from 2004 to 2008 (Z =-2.44,P =0.015) and in winter and spring in 2009.A higher out-patient visiting percentage and crude influenza morbidity were observed in

  9. 广州市花都区儿童蛲虫感染因素调查%Survey on the Child pinworm infection factors in Huadu district,Guangzhou city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘杰兵; 安耀武; 庞新莉; 李凯; 黄少玉; 邓卓晖; 阮彩文; 许聪辉; 刘小宁

    2014-01-01

    目的 了解花都区儿童蛲虫感染主要影响因素,为蛲虫病防控工作提供科学依据.方法 2013年在全区乡镇(街道)采用分层随机抽样的方法抽取24所幼儿园24所小学作为调查点,使用问卷进行相关影响因素调查,在每所学校(园)随机调查家长各50名以上,对每所学校(园)的卫生设施及卫生管理措施等现场问卷调查.采用Excel软件进行统计分析.结果 2013年1~3月,在花都区所有乡镇(街道)共调查24所幼儿园和24所小学,调查家长1 963人,学校(园)48所.知晓率:家长对蛲虫的感染、危害及防治等的知晓率为80.95%(1 589/1 963),城区的高于乡(镇)的,分别为82.80%(626/756)和77.55%(963/1 207);卫生行为:个人卫生行为习惯,如饭前便后洗手、剪指甲等,家庭卫生情况,如拖地抹台凳、玩具清洗消毒等,显示城区的优于乡镇的,幼儿比小学生好;学校(园)卫生环境设施及管理制度:如厕所卫生状况、洗手设施配置、室外环境清洗等情况显示,幼儿园比小学好,城区的比乡镇的好.结论 个人卫生习惯以及学校(园)的卫生设施及其管理等是影响蛲虫感染的主要因素,今后必须加强健康教育、卫生行为的培养和强化幼儿园及学校的卫生管理.%Objective To understand main influencing factors of pinworm infections in children in the Huadu district,and provide scientific basis for the enterobiasis prevention and control.Method Stratified random sampling method was used to select 24 primary schools and 24 kindergartens for the investigation.The questionnaire was used to survey related factors,in each school 50 parents or more were randomly chosen.Sanitation and hygiene management measures were surveyed by on-site inquiry investigation.Excel software was applied for statistical analysis.Result In 2013,January to March,a total of 24 kindergartens and 24 primary schools in Huadu district were investigated.1963 parents and 48 schools were

  10. Occupational health supervision management status and countermeasures in Daxing District of Beijing City%北京市大兴区职业卫生监督管理工作现状与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕建华

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective] To understand the occupation health management status in Daxing District of Beijing City, and provide evidence for developing regulatory measures and protecting workers'health. [ Methods ] The occupational health supervision and management data of Daxing District from 2003-2010 were analyzed statistically, the main problems and countermeasures were discussed. [ Results] From 2003-2010, supervision was conducted for more than 2 957 times on different kinds of enterprises, the employers were ordered to correct violations accounted for 30. 50% (902 times ) , administrative penalty accounted for 8. 12% (240 times). Occupational health check was performed on 53 028 workers, the detection rate of occupational contraindication was 0. 97% . Occupational hazards detection was conducted on workplaces of 715 enterprises, with qualified rate of 80. 29% . Through basic occupational health services pilot, occupational disease prevention publicity, occupational health regulation of employing units and occupational health service were improved. [Conclusion] During 8-year-implementaion of Occupational Disease Prevention Law, the occupational health supervision and administration and health surveillance covered employing units and occupational health examination are increased annually. Implementation of the prevention and treatment of occupational diseases responsibility and workers'self-protection awareness still need to be improved. Occupational health regulatory situation is not optimistic. It is necessary to continue to strengthen leadership in occupational disease prevention, and to explore effective occupational health regulatory approach so as to ensure occupational health surveillance, occupational protection measures and other basic occupational health service needs are practical.%目的 了解北京市大兴区职业卫生管理工作现状,为今后制定监管对策和保护劳动者健康提供依据.方法 对大兴区2003-2010年职业卫生监督管理

  11. Haidian District:Beijing’s ‘Smart Reservoir’

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Located in the northwest of Beijing,Haidian District has residents from all 56 ethnic groups in China, making it the most ethnically diverse area of Beijing. In June 1954, Haidian, the name of an administrative district, officially appeared on the map. Over the last 20 years, the area has developed from an outskirt of the city into a modern district with science and technology,educa- tion and culture as its core industries. Zhongguancun is a very famous place in Haidian District,which is renowned as the"Silicon

  12. Jixi:A Promising Eco-Tourism City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    LOCATED in southeastern Heilongjiang Province and bordering Russia to the east, Jixi City administerssix districts and the three county-level cities of Jidong, Hulin and Mishan. Within its boundary is Xingkai Lake with all its natural wonders, and the city has worked hard to build on this elemental advantage, and become a unique eco-tourism destination.

  13. 北京市房山区中学生烟草使用行为的影响因素%Influencing factors of tobacco use behavior among students in Fangshan District of Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘天军

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the tobacco use behavior among students in Fangshan District of Beijing City, and provide scientific evidence for developing effective control measures. [Methods]Two phase stratified cluster random sampling method and the" Tobacco Surveillance Questionnaire for School Population of Beijing City ( middle school students ) " provided by the Beijing Center for Disease Control and Prevention were adopted to investigate 757 students of 24 classes in 8 middle schools. [ Results] The smoking rate of middle school students was 3.7%. Only 55.6% of the students knew that" smoking is harmful to health whether smoke was inhaled into the lungs or not, " ;74.1% of smoking students knew" occasional smoking was harmful to health " ;37% smoking students thought " smoking was independent performance" ; 33. 3% students thpught that " smoking was cool and awesome" ; 88.9% smoking students' parents also smoke; 92.6% students' family members smoke in front of them; 92.6% smoking students recognized even the best students were smoking; 66. 7% smoking students saw smoking scenes in movies and TV. [Conclusion]The causes and influencing factors of middle school students smoking are personal factors, peer influence, adult advertised role and social atmosphere, etc. The widespread phenomenon of smoking in family, school and society has great impact on youth smoking. Therefore, the youth tobacco control should implement from family, school, society and other aspects.%目的 了解北京市房山区中学生烟草使用行为的影响因素,为制定有效的控烟措施提供科学依据.方法 采取二阶段分层整群随机抽样法,采用北京市疾病预防控制中心提供的“北京市学校人群烟草监测调查问卷(中学生)”,对全区8所中学24个班级757名学生进行问卷调查.结果 中学生吸烟率为3.7%.仅有55.6%的吸烟中学生知道“吸烟时不将烟雾吸入肺中,也会危害健康”、74.1%的吸烟中学生知道

  14. Image city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2003-01-01

    Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities.......Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities....

  15. 苏州市相城区2011~2015年流动人口肺结核病患者流行病学特征及就诊治疗率分析%Epidemiological Characteristics and Treatment Rate of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Xiangcheng District City of Suzhou During 2011~2015

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李金元

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Xiangcheng District city of Suzhou during 2011 to 2015, to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis of lfoating population in Xiangcheng District of Suzhou city.MethodsStatistical analysis on the data of diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis patients registered in Suzhou tuberculosis management information system in 2011 to 2015.Results Pulmonary tuberculosis patients in the majority of the population, aged 19 to 45 years old, the number of Han nationality is more, mainly to the occupation of migrant workers. Pulmonary tuberculosis patients in floating population were mainly due to illness.Conclusion Xiangcheng District in Suzhou City, the lfoating population of tuberculosis patients with young men, mainly in male migrant workers, patients with poor awareness of active treatment and treatment compliance is poor. We should strengthen TB prevention and control in the area of lfoating population manhood male workers.%目的:探讨苏州市相城区2011~2015年流动人口肺结核病患者流行病学特征及诊治情况,为苏州市相城区流动人口肺结核病的防治工作提供参考依据。方法对2011~2015年苏州市结核病管理信息系统登记的流动人口结核病患者的诊治资料进行统计分析。结果流动人口肺结核病患者以男性居多,年龄集中在19~45岁,汉族人数较多,职业主要以民工为主。流动人口肺结核病患者来源以因病就诊为主要来源。结论苏州市相城区流动人口肺结核病患者以青壮年男性民工为主,患者的主动就诊意识和治疗依从性较差,应加强该区域流动人口中青壮年男性民工的肺结核病防控工作。

  16. 2005~2009年沈阳市大东区5岁以下儿童死亡分析%Analysis on death of children under five years old in Dadong district of Shenyang city from 2005 to 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李冬松; 钱铸山

    2012-01-01

    目的:掌握并了解沈阳市大东区5岁以下儿童死亡情况,制定干预措施,努力降低沈阳市大东区5岁以下儿童死亡率.方法:对2005~2009年沈阳市大东区辖区内5岁以下儿童死亡监测资料进行分析.结果:2009年与2005年相比,5岁以下儿童死亡率没有大的波动,基本保持平稳态势;5年间先天异常、早产低出生体重逐年增加,已成为5岁以下儿童主要死因.结论:做好围产保健,加强产前筛查,降低出生缺陷,防早产是降低5岁以下儿童死亡的有力措施.%Objective: To grasp and understand the death status of children under five years old in Dadong district of Shenyang cit-y, develop intervention measures, and make great efforts to reduce the mortality of children under five years old in Dadong district of Shenyang city. Methods: The monitoring data of death of children under five years old in Dadong district of Shenyang city from 2005 to 2009 were analyzed. Results: Compared with the mortality of children under five years old in 2005, the mortality of children under five years old in 2009 didnt change significantly, which basically maintained steady; from 2005 to 2009, the incidences of congenital abnormalities and premature low birth weight increased year by year, which were the main causes of death of children under five years old. Conclusion: The effective measures to reduce the mortality of children under five years old include conducting perinatal health care, enhancing prenatal screening, reducing birth defects, and preventing premature birth.

  17. 徐州市云龙区2006~2010年5岁以下儿童死亡分析%Analysis on death of children under five years old in Yunlong district of Xuzhou city from 2006 to 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周红梅

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解徐州市云龙区5岁以下儿童死亡的变化趋势及死亡原因,并制定合理的干预措施.方法:对2006~2010年徐州市云龙区5岁以下儿童死亡监测资料进行统计分析.结果:徐州市云龙区2010年5岁以下儿童死亡率7.54%,与2006年相比具有明显的下降趋势.前5位死因主要为:早产和出生低体重、出生窒息、肺炎、意外窒息、先天异常.结论:要降低5岁以下儿童死亡率,关键是降低婴儿死亡率,特别是新生儿死亡率,应加强孕产期和儿童保健工作,预防早产,积极推广窒息复苏技术,提高基层妇幼保健人员的综合服务能力,做到早发现、早就医,才能最大限度地降低5岁以下儿童死亡率.%Objective; To understand the change trend and causes of death of children under five years old in Yunlong district of Xuzhou city, and develop reasonable intervention measures. Methods: The monitoring data of death of children under five years old in Yunlong district of Xuzhou city from 2006 to 2010 were analyzed statistically. Results: The mortality of children under five years old in Yunlong district of Xuzhou city in 2010 was 7. 54‰, showing a significant decreasing trend compared with the mortality in 2006. The top five causes of death of children included premature delivery and low birth weight, birth asphyxia, pneumonia, accidental suffocation, and congenital a-nomalies. Conclusion: To reduce the mortality of children under 5 years old, the key points are to reduce the mortality of infants, especially neonatal mortality; the measures to reduce the mortality of children under 5 years old to the greatest extent include enhancing maternal and child health, preventing premature delivery, popularizing resuscitation techniques actively, improving the comprehensive service capability of basic maternal and child health staff, and early detection and early medical care.

  18. 新型城镇化背景下县(市)改区行政区划改革绩效分析%Under the Background of the New Town of County(city)District Administrative Division Reform Performance Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    In the province governing county reform of county-level city is still in basic level and the county fi-nances frozen in the background,the county( city)district is a good reform path to enhance the quality of urbani-zation and to promote the integration of urban and rural areas to achieve the target. Based on the new urbanization to respect the objective laws and decisive role in the market,some of the county( city)to optimize the city area,city spatial structure and management structure,will help promote the production factors and resources in a balanced allocation of public and free flow of urban and rural areas,solve the county development level of urbanization and the quality is too low problems,better play the economies of scale,industrial prefecture level city agglomeration benefits and division of labor efficiency,enhance the cityˊs comprehensive carrying capacity,to solve the land ur-banization faster than population urbanization problems,accelerate the realization of the integration of urban and rural target.%在省直管县还停留在财政层面和县改县级市基本被冻结的背景下,县(市)改区是一条能够提升城镇化质量和推进城乡一体化目标实现的良好的改革路径。在新型城镇化尊重客观规律和市场决定性作用的前提下,通过将部分县(市)改为市辖区,优化城市空间结构和管理格局,有助于推动生产要素和公共资源在城乡的自由流动和均衡配置,解决县域城镇化发展水平和质量过低的问题,更好地发挥地级城市的规模效益、产业集聚效益和分工合作效益,增强城市综合承载能力,解决土地城镇化快于人口城镇化的问题,加速实现城乡一体化目标。

  19. Fire and EMS Districts, This data is being developed as a joint venture between the City of Yuma, Yuma County and all other municipalities within Yuma County, Published in 2010, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, City of Yuma.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Fire and EMS Districts dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2010. It is described as 'This...

  20. A Research on The Outlying Towns of Mega-City Regions——A Case Study of the Eastern District of Beijing%特大城市地区外围城镇规划研究——以京东地区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李继军; 王正海

    2013-01-01

    在特大城市“一极化”趋势加强背景下,外围城镇发展面临土地利用效率低下、空间无序蔓延、对中心城市依赖性强等诸多问题.一方面郊区化完全由中心城市所主导,对圈层结构存在路径依赖;另一方面单个城镇陷入“囚徒困惑”,区域单中心结构不断被强化.借鉴东京、首尔等大都市圈在“一极集中”背景下的规划建设经验,以北京东部地区为案例,提出形成具有“多级构造”地区城市的发展思路,并进一步从支撑体系、约束系统和管理体制三方面提出地区城市的运行机制.%In recent years, the polarization tendency of mega-cities has been strengthened while outlying towns have been facing problems such as inefficient land use, sprawl and strong dependence on central cities. Reasons behind such phenomenon include central-city dominated suburbanization process and vicious competition among individual towns. By reviewing planning and development experience of functionally-concentrated Tokyo and Seoul metropolitan areas, the paper tries to shed light on the development of Eastern District of Beijing. It proposes a multi-level structure of regional urban development. In addition, the paper , provides further suggestions on regional city operations in terms of support system, restraint system and management system.

  1. Analysis of common diseases among primary and secondary school students in Pudong District and Minhang District of Shanghai City in 2010%2010学年上海市浦东和闵行区中小学生常见病情况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟亚; 沈晓青; 郑晶泉; 陈素珍; 钟慧彦; 张鑫毅

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解人口输入较大的经济发达区域上海市闵行区内学生常见病现况与浦东区之间差别,为今后开展学生防病工作提供科学依据.方法 采用整群抽样方法,对浦东、闵行两区2010学年上报的学生常见病检查资料进行分析.结果 两区监测点学校学生视力不良率相比较,差异有统计学意义(X2 =102.93,P<0.01);学生贫血率相比较,差异有统计学意义(X2 =27.97,P<0.01);沙眼、疑似沙眼检出率相比较,差异均有统计学意义;而蛔虫阳性率、营养不良率、肥胖率相比较,差异均无统计学意义.结论 两个区学生的常见病患病率中视力不良和沙眼患病率闵行区较高,而浦东区贫血患病率较高,其他的两区比较接近.两个区的学校均应继续加强健康教育工作,有效预防学生常见病的发生.%[Objective]To investigate the difference of common disease prevalence of students between economically developed district (Minhang District) 'with large population input and Pudong District, and provide scientific evidence for student disease prevention. [ Methods ] The cluster sampling was adopted to analyze the common disease data of students from Pudong District and Minhang District reported in 2010 academic year. [Results]The poor eyesight prevalence rate was significantly different between the students from the surveillance schools of the 2 districts (χ2 = 102.93 ,P < 0.01) , as well as the prevalence of anemia (χ2 = 27. 97, P <0. 01) and detection rates of trachoma and suspected trachoma. While the ascaris -positive rate, malnutrition rate and obesity rates were not significant between the 2 districts. [ Conclusion] The prevalence rates of poor eyesight and trachoma are relatively high in Minhang District, while the prevalence rate of anemia is relatively high in Pudong District, the others are similar in the 2 districts. The schools of the 2 district should continue to strengthen the health education so

  2. 温州市龙湾区流动儿童国家免疫规划疫苗接种状况%Vaccination status for national immunization program among migrant children in Longwan District of Wenzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱珠英; 王晓红; 叶芳; 朱培茜

    2013-01-01

    [目的]了解温州市龙湾区流动儿童国家免疫规划( national immunization program ,NIP)疫苗免疫接种状况,探讨影响流动儿童接种率的因素。[方法]采用PPS抽样方法,抽取30个行政村(居委会),对2009-2011年出生的366名流动儿童,入户调查NIP疫苗免疫接种状况。[结果]流动儿童建预防接种卡率为92.90%,建预防接种证率为99.73%,1剂卡介苗( BCG)、3剂口服脊髓灰质炎减毒活疫苗( OPV)、3剂白喉-破伤风-百日咳联合疫苗(DTP)、1剂含麻疹成分疫苗(MCV)、3剂乙型肝炎疫苗(HepB)(以上简称五苗)、1剂流行性乙型脑炎疫苗(JEV)、2剂脑膜炎球菌多糖疫苗(MPV)和甲型肝炎疫苗(HepA)基础免疫(初种)接种率,分别为98.09%、95.08%、92.90%、91.53%、95.36%、65.30%、74.74%和61.34%,HepB首针及时接种率为88.52%,BCG疤痕率为96.58%,五苗全程接种率为81.97%;MCV复种接种率为78.87%,DTP、JEV加强免疫接种率分别为68.04%、57.95%。不合格接种发生率为1.91%~42.05%,HepA最高,BCG最低。[结论] BCG、OPV、DTP、MCV、HepB基础免疫(初种)接种率均>90%,其加强免疫(复种)和JEV、MPV、HepA接种率较低,是目前流动儿童管理的薄弱环节。超期接种、未接种或未全程接种是不合格接种的主要原因。%To investigate the status on vaccination for National Immunization Program ( NIP) among migrant children in Longwan District of Wenzhou City , and to explore the factors that influ-enced the vaccination rate in migrant children . [ Methods] By using PPS sampling method , a series of 366 migrant children who were born from January 1, 2009 to December 31,2011 were investigated for NIP vaccine immunization status by household visit in 30 towns. [ Results] The percentage of migrant chil-dren with vaccination card and

  3. Evaluation of effect of maternal health management in migrant population in Futian district of Shenzhen city%深圳市福田区外来人口孕妇健康管理效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯楚真; 段琪; 苏景玫; 何倩; 赵勤; 周志衡

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨社区健康管理模式对深圳市福田区外来人口孕妇管理的效果.方法:选择2009年6月~2011年6月来该院产前检查的外来人口孕妇,将其中自愿参加的1500例孕妇作为研究对象,开展社区健康管理,跟踪随访到产前一周,比较健康管理前后的孕产妇孕产保健的相关知识、态度、行为和生活质量的变化情况.结果:在管理前,外来人员孕产保健相关知识知晓情况较低,其中产褥期保健知识的知晓率(占17.6%)、早产流产预防知晓率(18.0%)和孕妇饮食的知晓率(22.5%)最低;仅69.7%的孕产妇愿意参与健康教育活动,有9.0%的孕产妇希望在家分娩,有29.196的孕妇主动获取孕期相关知识,有74.8%的孕妇有定期随访.经健康管理后,孕妇各项知晓率均高于85.0%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),孕产保健相关态度和行为得到明显的改善,孕妇的生理职能、活力、情感职能、精神健康、社会功能和总体健康得分均明显提高,而躯体疼痛得分下降,管理前后有统计学差异(P<0.05).结论:社区健康管理模式应用于外来人口孕妇管理效果满意,值得推广.%Objective:To explore the effect of community health management mode on maternal management in migrant population in Futian district of Shenzhen city. Methods: The migrant pregnant women who went to the hospital from June 2009 to June 2011 for prenatal examination were selected, then 1 500 pregnant women were selected as study objects voluntarily, community health management was conducted, and the pregnant women were followed up until one week before delivery, the changes of related knowledge, attitude, behavior, and quality of life of maternal health care in the pregnant women before and after health management were compared. Results: Before health management, the awareness rate of related knowledge of maternal health in the migrant population was low, the awareness rates of health

  4. 深圳市福田区921例妊娠梅毒干预效果分析%Analysis on interventional effect of pregnant syphilis in 921 cases in Futian district of Shenzhen city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱红; 许宗严; 邱莉霞; 向莹君; 李频; 帅俊; 郑铁洪; 赵蓉; 宋平

    2013-01-01

    目的:分析对深圳市福田区921例妊娠梅毒干预效果,为进一步制定预防与控制梅毒母婴传播项目策略提供依据.方法:对921例妊娠梅毒患者依据注射苄星青霉素的时间分为早期干预组(<孕28周)、晚期干预组(孕28 ~35周)及未干预/不完整干预组,并依据妊娠梅毒患者甲苯胺红不加热血清试验(TRUST)滴度水平分为低滴度组(≤1∶4)、中滴度组(1∶8~1∶16)及高滴度组(>1∶16),研究相同干预时机不同血清TRUST水平对患者妊娠结局的影响,以及相同滴度水平下不同干预时机对患者妊娠结局的影响.结果:665例接受规范治疗干预患者未发生先天梅毒、早产及新生儿死亡;256例未干预/不完整干预患者先天梅毒、早产、低体重出生儿、新生儿死亡及死胎发生率分别为3.13%、3.91%、6.25%、1.56%、9.38%.患者在早期(<28周)或晚期(28~35周)接受规范干预均能够获得满意的干预效果,未干预/不完整干预者不良妊娠结局发生率高于规范干预者(P<0.05);未干预/不完整干预妊娠梅毒患者发生不良结局的危险性与血清滴度水平有关(P<0.05).结论:规范长效青霉素治疗能使妊娠梅毒患者避免发生不良妊娠结局,即使在孕28 ~35周接受规范干预仍能获得理想效果.妊娠梅毒患者发生先天梅毒儿、早产、死胎及新生儿死亡的危险性与血清TRUST滴度水平相关.%Objective:To analyze the interventional effect of pregnant syphilis in 921 cases in Futian district of Shenzhen city,and provide a basis for further making prevention and control strategies of syphilis maternal-infantile transmission project.Methods:A total of 921 patients with pregnant syphilis were divided into early intervention group (< 28 gestational weeks),late intervention group (28-35 gestational weeks) and non-intervention/incomplete intervention group according to the injection time of benzathine

  5. 合肥市包河区老年人体育健身动机和消费情况的调查研究%An Investigation And Research On The Physical Exercise Motivation And Related Consumption Of Senior Citizens In Baohe District,Hefei City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    娄旭; 项前进; 邢云

    2012-01-01

    The present paper investigates and discusses the exercise motivation and related consumption of senior citizens in Baohe District,Hefei City,by means of literature and stuff method and questionnaire.The study shows that they participate in exercises in order to build up their bodies and their consumption involves sport magazines and fitness instruments.%采用文献资料法、问卷调查法等研究方法对合肥市包河区老年人参与体育健身动机、体育消费情况展开调查研究。调查结果表明,老年人参与健身活动的动机主要是增强体质,体育消费主要用于体育类书刊和健身器材等方面。

  6. Main Cultivation Techniques of New Corn Variety Weike 702 in High Yield Creation in Suiyang District of Shangqiu City%玉米新品种伟科702在商丘市睢阳区高产创建中的主要栽培技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王德珍; 卢广远

    2015-01-01

    Technology roadmap of high yield create for new corn variety Weike 702 in Suiyang District of Shangqiu City was introduced,and the main cultivation techniques were summarized,including mechanized single particle precision planting technique,chemical regulation technology,delayed harvest technology etc.,so as to provide technical basis for high yield create of corn in Henan Province.%介绍了玉米新品种伟科702在商丘市睢阳区高产创建的技术路线,并总结了主要栽培技术,如机械化单粒精播技术、化学调控技术、延时晚收技术等,为河南省玉米高产创建提供技术依据。

  7. 快速城市化背景下的外来人口居住规划思路--以宁波市北仑区为例%Floating Population Housing Planning Ideas Under the Background of Rapid Urbanization--Taking Beilun District of Ningbo City as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴军和

    2014-01-01

    From the point of the housing phenomenon of migrant population in Ningbo Beilun District, discuss how to choose the foreign population living way in the rapid urban-ization area, and carries on the exploration from the favorable global city development point, draw some enlightenments and thoughts.%从宁波市北仑区外来人口居住现象出发,探讨如何在快速城市化地区选择外来人口居住方式,并从有利城市全局发展的角度进行探索,从中得出了几点启示和思考。

  8. R9 Air Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Region 9 Air Districts layer is a compilation of polygons representing the California Air Pollution Control and Air Quality Management Districts, Arizona Air...

  9. Legislative Districts - 1990

    Data.gov (United States)

    Kansas Data Access and Support Center — Each coverage contains a COVER-ID field that defines the House or Senate district number. Kansas House and Senate districts were created by the Legislative Research...

  10. National Register Historic Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Iowa State University GIS Support and Research Facility — The National Register Historic District layer is a shape file showing the boundaries of Historic Districts that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

  11. California Political Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — This is a series of district layers pertaining to California'spolitical districts, that are derived from the California State Senateand State Assembly information....

  12. Private Water Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — Private Water District boundaries are areas where private contracts provide water to the district in California. This database is designed as a regions polygon...

  13. State Water Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — State Water Project District boundaries are areas where state contracts provide water to the district in California. This database is designed as a regions polygon...

  14. Lieutenant Chief Warden Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — This dataset is a representation overlay of Lieutenant Chief Warden Districts (areas of responsibility). The Vermont Lieutenant Chief Warden Districts layer is part...

  15. 山西省大同市新荣区白山村石墨矿床特征浅析%Analysis of Datong City, Shanxi Xinrong District the White Village graphite deposit characteristics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于磊

    2012-01-01

      Expounded Datong Xinrong District the White Village graphite mine geology and deposit characteristics, and analysis of the causes of the mine deposits.%  阐述了大同市新荣区白山村石墨矿的地质概况及矿床特征,并对该矿矿床成因进行了分析。

  16. School Nurses Race to the Top: The Pilot Year of How One District's School Nurses Revised Their Evaluation Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haffke, Louise Marie; Damm, Paula; Cross, Barbara

    2014-01-01

    During the 2013-2014 school year, the Shaker Heights, Ohio City school district was mandated to change its evaluation process as part of the Race to the Top initiative. Although not required by the federal or state Departments of Education, the Shaker Heights City school district tasked all members of their faculty and staff, including school…

  17. District nursing in Dominica

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolkman, PME; Luteijn, AJ; Nasiiro, RS; Bruney, [No Value; Smith, RJA; Meyboom-de Jong, B

    1998-01-01

    District nurses constitute the basis of the primary health care services in Dominica. All encounters of three district nurses were registered using the international classification of primary care. Information on other aspects of district nursing was collected by participating observation and the us

  18. District nurse training

    OpenAIRE

    Elliott, Arnold; Freeling, Paul; Owen, John

    1980-01-01

    Training for district nursing is being reviewed. By 1981 district nurses will have a new administrative structure, a new curriculum, and a new examination. Training for nursing, like that for general practice, is to become mandatory. The history of the development of district nurse training is briefly described.

  19. Beer City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Shandong Province’s Qingdao is becoming China’s great beer city sicenically located on a peninsula over-looking the Pacific Ocean, Qingdao, |or Tsingtao, is a coastal city soaked in two kinds of foam. One floats in

  20. City School Desegregation and the Creative Uses of Enrollment Decline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cronin, Joseph M.

    1977-01-01

    Enrollment shifts create several planning and financial problems for school districts accustomed to continued growth and rising budgets; however they can also signal new possibilities for quality integrated education both in cities and metropolitan areas. (Author/AM)

  1. Building an Extended Family in East Harlem. How Parents, a School's Staff, and a Fireball Principal Are Working Together to Provide a School Home for Elementary School Children in New York City's Community School District Four.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clinchy, Evans

    1992-01-01

    Describes Public School 146, a public elementary school in New York City where the principal has created a school community that builds on the strengths of the parents and makes the school an extended family for each child. Describes special services, a student leadership program, and student achievement gains. (JB)

  2. 北京市石景山区中学生吸烟行为流行现状及相关因素分析%Survey on the pevalence and the ifluencing fctors of crrent smoking among midlle school students in Shijingshan District of Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高荷蕊; 史平; 王丹

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand the prevalence and the influencing factors of smoking among middle school students in Shijingshan District of Beijing City, and to provide bases for smoking cessation programs among students. Methods 1252 students were investigated by using " Health-related Risk Behaviors Inventory for Chinese Adolescents" , with a cluster random sample from 6 middle schools by typical sampling technology in Shijingshan District The prevalence of smoking was described and related factors were assessed by single factor analysis and non-conditional logistic regression analysis. Results Among the middle school students in Shijingshan District of Beijing City, smoking rate was 9. 71%. Logistic regression analysis indicated that the influencing factors of smoking were sex, age, maternal education background, learning achievement, the time of playing video games over 4 hours a day, fighting, heavy alcohol consumption, et aL Conclusion The smoking rate among the middle school students in Shijingshan District of Beijing City is lower than nationwide adolescents' in 2005 and themselves' in 2002, but is still higher than that of other domestic reportages. So the smoking among middle school students should be emphasized, and early scientific and sound measures should be taken to prevent smoking. Especially, the influencing factors of smoking among middle school students should be intervened weightily.%目的 了解北京市石景山区中学生的吸烟行为流行状况及其相关因素,为在中学生中开展控烟干预活动提供依据.方法 采用典型抽样方法,抽取石景山区6所中学,各学校再以班级为单位进行整群随机抽样,抽取若干班级,对所抽取班级的全体学生共计1252人进行调查.描述中学生的吸烟行为流行状况,采用单因素和非条件Logistic回归分析进行相关因素分析.结果 北京市石景山区中学生吸烟率为9.71%.Logistic回归分析显示影响中学生吸烟行为的因素有性

  3. Analysis on death causes of children under 5 years old in Chengguan district of Lanzhou city from 2005 to 2010%2005~2010年兰州市城关区5岁以下儿童死因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马铭; 张淑文; 胡晓婷; 李坚

    2013-01-01

    目的:分析兰州市城关区2005~2010年5岁以下儿童死亡情况及主要死亡原因,为降低兰州市5岁以下儿童死亡率提供依据.方法:按照《中国5岁以下儿童死亡监测方案》,对2005~2010年兰州市城关区447例5岁以下儿童死亡情况进行分析.结果:2005年~2010年兰州市城关区活产数为55 868例,新生儿死亡356例,婴儿死亡408例,5岁以下儿童死亡447例,死亡率分别为6.37‰、7.30‰、8.00‰.5岁以下儿童死亡率呈下降趋势,死亡率最高和最低的年份分别为2007年和2010年.兰州市城关区5岁以下儿童死因顺位前三位依次是新生儿窒息、早产(低出生体重)、其他新生儿疾病.结论:城关区5岁以下儿童死亡仍以新生儿和婴儿死亡为主,积极做好孕期和儿童保健宣传工作,提高保健意识及质量,是降低新生儿和婴儿死亡率,最终减少5岁以下儿童死亡率的关键.%Objective: To analyze the death status and main death causes of children under five years old in Chengguan district of Lanzhou city from 2005 to 2010, and provide a basis for reducing mortality of children under five years old. Methods: According to China death monitoring program of children under five years, the death status of 447 children under five years old in Chengguan district of Lanzhou city from 2005 to 2010 was analyzed. Results: The number of live neonates in Chengguan district of Lanzhou city from 2005 to 2010 was 55 828, the number of neonatal death was 356, the number of infantile death was 408, the number of children death under five years old was 447, the mortalities were 6.37‰, 7.30‰, and 8.00‰,respectively. The mortality of children under five years old showed a decreasing trend, the mortality in 2007 was the highest, and the mortality in 2010 was the lowest. The top three causes of children death under five years old were neonatal asphyxia, premature birth (low birth weight) , and other neonatal diseases. Conclusion

  4. City PLANTastic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The city is going green. From New York to Copenhagen vegetables are enthusiastically planted on city squares, and buildings are turning green everywhere . The word “plant” is on everyone’s lips, reflecting a growing desire to solve ecological, technical and social challenges in the city. Hovever,...... and urbanism, who reflect upon the multiple roles of plants in the future city through their most recent projects. The theme for the 2012 World in Denmark conference is City PLANTastic, which will also be explored by researchers through their works....

  5. An analysis of situation of carriing out"Safe Motherhood Project" in 3 years period in Longgang district of Shenzhen city%深圳市龙岗区三年来"降消"项目实施情况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘贵敏; 高玉山; 李慧丽; 夏洪波; 任路忠

    2009-01-01

    Objecttive To evaluate implementing effect of "Safe Motherhood Project" to reduce maternal mortality rate and eliminating neonatal tetanus in Longgang district of Shenzhen city.Methods The date of maternal death and neonatal tetanus in a period from 2005 to 2008 in Longgang district of Shenzhen city were collected. The effect of this project was evaluated by comparing maternal mortality rate and incidence rate of neonatal tetanus before and after implementation of the project. Results The maternal mortality rate from 2005 to 2008 in Longgang district was 78.59/100 000, 38.14/100 000, 38.21/100 000 and 12.19/100 000 respectively and the incidence rate of neonatal tetanus in the period in Longgang district was 0.74‰, 0.84‰ , 0.29‰ and 0.22‰ respectively. It is obvious that after implementation of this project the maternal mortality rate and incidence rate of neonatal tetanus in whole population were decreased year by year from 2005 to 2008 in Longgang district, there were significant differences ( χ2 trend =14.743,P=0.0001; χ2 trend=14.666,P=0.0001). Conclusion The implementation of "Safe Motherhood Project" effectively reduces maternal mortality rate and incidence rate of neonatal tetanus.%目的 评价深圳市龙岗区"降低孕产妇死亡率、消除新生儿破伤风"项目的 实施效果.方法 收集深圳市龙岗区2005~2008年孕产妇死亡及新生儿破伤风资料,比较项目实施初期与后期孕产妇死亡率及新生儿破伤风发病率,评价"降消"项目实施效果.结果 2005~2008年孕产妇死亡率分别为78.59/10万、38.14/10万、38.21/10万、12.19/10万,新生儿破伤风发病率分别为0.74‰、0.84‰、0.29‰、0.22‰. "降消"项目实施后,该区孕产妇死亡率(趋势χ2=14.743,P=0.0001)及新生儿破伤风发病率(趋势χ2=14.666,P=0.0001)呈逐年下降趋势,差异有统计学意义.结论 深圳市龙岗区"降消"项目的 实施,有效降低了孕产妇死亡率和新生儿破伤风发病率.

  6. Functional Plant Disposition of City Rainwater Landscape Infrastructure Facilities--Taking Xi-wa Water Park in Haidian District as an Example%城市雨水景观基础设施的功能性植物配置要点--以海淀区西洼雨水公园为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李凤仪; 汤林子; 李雄

    2014-01-01

    近些年,我国城市内涝问题愈演愈烈,彰显了城市雨水管理的问题。城市在进行雨水管理时开始重视城市雨水管理景观基础设施的重要性,并将其作为可能的生态对策。在进行设计时构建合理有效的雨水收集净化系统是重要目标,而用以净化雨水的水生耐水湿植物群落是雨水收集净化功能体系和景观结构的首要组成部分。本文将以海淀区西洼雨水公园为例阐述城市雨水管理景观基础设施的功能性植物配置要点。%Most of China precipitation concentrated in the summer, the problem of city waterlog during the rainy season highlight the limitations and drawbacks of city rainwater management. The theory of city rainwater management landscape infrastructure proposes ecological and feasible countermeasures to rainwater management. To establish an ef icient rainwater col ection and purification system when designing is an important goal, and aquatic plants purifying rainwater is important to rainwater col ection and purification system function and landscape. This paper wil take Haidian District Xi-wa water garden as an example to expound the point about selecting aquatic functional plants.

  7. Comprehensive Evaluation on the Building of the Capacity for Sustainable Development in Jinniu District of Chengdu City%成都市金牛区可持续发展能力建设综合评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于翔; 谭德庆; 周沁影

    2014-01-01

    区域可持续发展能力的建设与评价,是近年来社会各界持续关注的热点。而从社会发展、经济发展、资源与环境以及其他等四大类指标出发,采用层次分析法建立综合评价模型,并用该模型对成都市金牛区的可持续发展能力建设水平进行综合评价,结果表明,金牛区可持续发展能力建设水平逐年增长。%The building and evaluation of the capacity for sustainable development has been a focus of attention from all walks of social life this year.The thesis departed from the four major indexes of social development,economic development,resources and environment and others, used the Analytic Hierarchy Process to establish the comprehensive evaluation model,and carried out a comprehensive evaluation with this model on the sustainable development capacity-building level in Jinniu district of Chengdu. The results of the thesis showed that the sustainable development capacity-building level in Jinniu district increased year by year.

  8. 南宁市城区社区卫生服务机构的SWOT分析%The SWOT Analyzing of Community Health Services in the District of Nanning City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭伟; 倪建; 唐耀华; 梁贵琪; 张瑜

    2014-01-01

    On the basis of qualitative and quantitative research of Nanning city community health service institutions (CHS),in view of the situation of CHS development,using the SWOT analysis method to identify the internal strengths,weaknesses and external opportunities and threats of CHS institutions of Nanning city . Using SWOT matrix combination method to conduct system analysis, so as to put forward feasible suggestion and countermeasure for the existing problems in the process of CHS development , ultimately provide decision-making reference to promote the development of CHS Nanning city .%在对南宁市城区社区卫生服务(CHS)机构定性、定量调查的基础上,针对CHS发展的现状,利用SWOT分析法,识别南宁市城区CHS机构内部能力的优势、劣势和外部环境的机会及挑战。用SWOT的矩阵组合方法,对南宁市CHS发展过程中存在的问题进行系统分析,并提出可行的对策建议,为促进南宁市城区社区卫生服务事业的发展提供决策参考。

  9. [Study on volatile organic compounds emission of straw combustion and management countermeasure in Wuhan city].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Bi-Jie

    2013-12-01

    Straw combustion is an important anthropogenic source of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in China. Emissions of VOCs from straw combustion significantly affect climate forcing and human health. A reliable estimation of VOCs emission from the source is the important prerequisite for emission impact assessment and control strategy in the urban or regional areas. VOCs emissions from straw combustion in Wuhan City and the districts were estimated by factor analysis method, which was based on the yield of major farm crops in the period of 2005-2011. Moreover, Cultivated-land Emission Intensity (Ie) and Regional Emission Intensity (Ir) were also calculated. VOCs Emissions from straw combustion in Wuhan City were (3,163 +/- 139) t in the period of 2005-2011; Ie and Ir was (1.52 +/- 0.06) t x km(-2) and (0.37 +/- 0.02) t x km(-2), respectively; Straw combustion of grain and oilseed crops was the main source of the emissions; 21 kinds of VOCs should be listed as the priority control pollutants for straw combustion in Wuhan City. The order of successively decreasing VOCs emission of districts in Wuhan City was Huangpi District, Xinzhou District, Jiangxia District, Caidian District, Hannan District, and Dongxihu District, the former 4 districts contributed to almost 90% VOCs emissions of the Wuhan City. Huangpi District, Xinzhou District, Jiangxia District, and Hannan District should be regarded as priority control areas of VOCs emission from straw combustion in Wuhan City. Much attention should be paid to Jiangxia District, which was nationally representative. Ie and Ir are important basic data for ecological risk assessment of some kind of pollutants emitted from straw combustion in the urban or regional areas. Furthermore, straw utilization model according to agricultural cyclic economy is a feasible way to cope with the environmental problem of straw combustion.

  10. Understanding Metropolitan Living: Description and Evaluation of a Cooperative City--Suburban Program for Urban Students in the 1970s. Summer Progress Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Betty; Levine, Daniel U.

    Understanding Metropolitan Living (UML) was a cooperative summer school sponsored and conducted by a suburban school district in Johnson County, Kansas, and the central city school districts in Kansas City, Kansas, and Kansas City, Missouri. A six-week instructional program was conducted between June 8 and July 17, 1970, for 40 suburban students…

  11. 2009-2011年苏州市吴中区托幼机构的消毒质量%Disinfection quality of nurseries and kindergartens in Wuzhong District of Suzhou City from 2009-2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾辉

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the disinfection status of nurseries and kindergartens in Wuzhong District, analyze the existing problems, provide the scientific basis for health management of nurseries and kindergartens. [Methods] According to the Disinfection Technical Specifications ( Ministry of Health) and the Disinfection Standard in Nurseries and Kindergartens (Jiangsu Province) , the monitoring data of 26 nurseries and kindergartens in Wuzhong District during 2009-2011 was analyzed and evaluated. [ Results] Among 644 samples, 551 were qualified with the qualified rate of 85.6% . The qualified rate of tableware was the highest, while the qualified rate of staff hands was the lowest. The difference in disinfection quality between urban and rural nurseries and kindergartens was statistically significant (P<0.01). [Conclusion] The qualified rate of disinfection quality in nurseries and kindergartens is low in Wuzhong District, so it is necessary to strengthen the supervision and management for disinfection quality in nurseries and kindergartens.%目的 了解吴中区托幼机构消毒卫生现状,分析存在的问题,为托幼机构卫生管理工作提供科学依据.方法 依据卫生部消毒技术规范和江苏省托幼机构消毒卫生标准,对全区26家托幼机构2009-2011年的监测采样结果进行评价和分析.结果 共采集样本644份,合格551份,合格率为85.6%.餐具合格率最高,工作人员手合格率最低.城乡托幼机构消毒质量间的差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 吴中区托幼机构合格率不高,应不断加强对托幼机构消毒卫生质量监督管理.

  12. Analysis on Epidemiology of Measles in Hebei District, Tianjin City from 2004 to 2011%2004-2011年天津市河北区麻疹流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李薇; 王梅

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解河北区近年来麻疹流行病学特征,探讨控制麻疹的策略与措施.方法 采用描述性流行病学方法对2004-2011年河北区麻疹发病情况进行分析.结果 河北区2004-2011年麻疹发病呈散发的流行病学特点.2-5月是麻疹的高发季节.<8月龄和≥15岁麻疹病例数为353例,占全区报告发病总数的84.86%.结论 保持儿童麻疹疫苗及时有效的高水平的基础免疫,加强麻疹疫苗的复种工作,适时开展强化免疫,建立牢固的免疫屏障.同时,加强流动人口管理,提高流动儿童接种率.%Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics ot measles in Hebei District,Tianjin,and to explore the strategies and measures for controlling measles.Methods The data of measles in Hebei District during the period of 2004-2011 were analyzed by descriptive epidemiological methods.Results Measles eases occurred in a sporadic pattern in Hebei District during the period of 2004-2011.Measles mainly occurred during February to May.353 measles cases occurred in children aged < 8monthsand≥ 15 years,accounting for 84.86 % of the total cases.Conclusions Toprevent the spread of measles cases,it is important to maintain high level of measles immunization in children,strengthen measles revaccination,carry out supplementary immunization campaigns timely,and build a strong immune barrier.At the same time,it is necessary to strengthen floating population management and improve the vaccination rate among floating children.

  13. 杭州市西湖区2次人体重要寄生虫病调查%Two surveys of human important parasitic diseases in Xihu District,Hangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章华米; 金国农; 王帮马

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解杭州市西湖区人体重要寄生虫感染状况和流行规律,综合评价寄生虫病防治效果.方法 按照规定的方法和要求进行.结果 2003年查出虫种4种,总感染率为7.81%,钩虫、蛔虫、鞭虫、蛲虫感染率分别为5.61%、0.13%、1.83%、4.43%;2009年查出虫种4种,总感染率为2.07%,钩虫感染率为1.87%,蛔虫、鞭虫、蛲虫感染率均为0.10%.低年龄和中老年组是感染寄生虫的高危人群.结论 杭州市西湖区人体寄生虫总感染率和各虫种感染率均大幅度下降,钩虫是西湖区人体寄生虫主要感染虫种.%Objective To understand the status and epidemic rules of human important parasite infections, and evaluate the control effect in Xihu District, so as to provide evidence for improving future parasitic disease control. Methods Two surveys were performed in 2003 and 2009 in accordance with The Regulations of National Survey of the Distribution of Human Parasites, respectively. Results Four kinds of parasites were identified in 2003. The total infection rate was 7.81%, and the infection rates of hookworm, Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, and Enterobius vermicularis were 5.61%, 0. 13%, 1.83% and 4.43%, respectively. In 2009, the total rate was 2.07% and the infection rate of hookworm was 1.87%, while the infection rates ofAscaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and Enterobius vermicularis were all 0. 10%. The high-risk groups were the low age group and middle-aged group. Conclusion The total infection rate of human parasites and each parasite infection rate in Xihu District have declined significantly, and hookworm is the main kind of human parasite in the district.

  14. 宁波市北仑区2007~2010年出生缺陷调查分析%Investigation and analysis of birth defection from 2007 to 2010 in Beilun district Ningbo city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡波; 王健民; 吴庆国; 王娇珍; 乐福文; 吴怀

    2012-01-01

    Objective To provide basic statistics for prevention and intervention of birth defection in this area, through understanding basic condition of the happening of children birth defection and constitution of diseases. Methods Information on birth defection registration during 4 years in whole district was reviewed, and birth defection diseases were classified and relevant data were calculated and analyzed. Results A total of 9665 perinatals in the district were monitored, including 509 birth defection children; the rate of birth defection was 5. 27% from 2007 to 2010. Birth defection in the top three diseases were: congenital heart diseases, limb deformities, eye and ear deformities. Conclusion The situation of birth defection in Beilun district isnt optimistic, and the popularization of eugenic knowledge, surveillance and intervention of birth defection must be strengthened, which is one of the most important measures to take to improve population quality.%目的 分析宁波市北仑区儿童出生缺陷的发生及其病种构成的基本情况,为本地区出生缺陷预防干预提供基本数据.方法 回顾研究该区14家医院4年所有出生缺陷登记的资料,对出生缺陷病种进行归类,将相关数据进行统计整理.结果 2007年至2010年的4年间,该区共监测9 665例围生儿,其中有出生缺陷509例,出生缺陷率5.27%.出生缺陷居前三位的病种依次为:先天性心脏病,四肢畸形和眼耳畸形.结论 北仑区人口出生缺陷情况不容乐观,必须加强优生优育知识的普及,加强对出生缺陷的监测和干预,这是提高人口素质的重要环节之一.

  15. Monitor result of fly at Chengbei district in Xi' ning city in 2009%2009年西宁市城北区蝇类监测研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马斌忠; 王莉; 丁启军; 张海龙

    2012-01-01

    目的 掌握西宁市城北区的蝇类种群、密度和季节消长规律,有针对性采取蝇类控制措施.方法 笼诱法.每个监测点设置1个配有新鲜饵料的天幕式捕蝇笼,放置8 h(9:00 - 17:00),收集到的蝇类用乙醚杀死后分类,统计各蝇种数量,并计算蝇类密度.结果 西宁市城北区2009年平均蝇类密度为10.20只/笼;优势蝇种为厩腐蝇、舍蝇;蝇类季节消长呈单峰型,8月份达到最高峰.结论 孳生环境和防治措施是影响蝇类密度和种群的主要因素.蝇类防治应采取环境治理为主、化学防治为辅的综合防治措施,以达到降低蝇密度,控制传染病发生与流行的目的.%Objective To study the population density and seasonal fluctuation of fly at Chengbei district and take suitable measures for controlling fly. Methods Net attaching and setting up a cage with fresh bait in each monitoring point for 8 hours(9:00 - 17:00) .classifying the flies after collected and killed with aether .counting the number and calculating the density. Results The average fly ensity in Chengbei district in 2009 was 10. 20 pieces per cage;the ascendent category were Muscina stabulans,Musca domestica vicina. The density and seasonal fluctuation of fly in Chengbei district showed single peak , and reached to top in August. Conclusion Propagate environment and control measures are the main factor to influence the fly density and population. The general control measures( environment harness mainly and chemic method as accessorial) should be taken to control fly .reduce the density and prevent the occurring of infectious disease and prevailing.

  16. 深圳市福田区2005-2010年性病流行病学分析%Epidemiological analysis of STDs in Futian District, Shenzhen City (2005-2010)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱莉霞; 许宗严; 郑铁洪; 朱红; 李频

    2011-01-01

    目的 对深圳市福田区2005-2010年5种监测性病发病趋势进行分析,为制定控制性病进一步传播对策提供科学依据.方法 对深圳市福田区2005-2010年性病疫情资料进行回顾性分析.结果 深圳市福田区2005-2010年性病报告数达32 596例,其中男性17 032例,女性15 564例,男女性别比为1.09∶1.年平均发病率为456.42/10万,性病病例发病集中在20~35岁,占73.16%.生殖道衣原体感染、梅毒、尖锐湿疣分别列性病报告数前三位.结论 目前性病疫情仍处于较高流行状态,持续实施健康促进策略、开展主动筛查、规范性病诊疗、以及高危性行为干预对于遏制性病流行十分重要.%Objective To analyze the infectious status of 5 sexually transmitted diseases(STDs)from 2005 to 2010 in Fu-tian District, Shenzhen. Methods The data of STDs in Futian District from 2005 to 2010 were collected from the national disease reporting information system. Results A total of 32596 cases of 5 STDs were reported from 2005 to 2010, (male 17032, female 15564, gender ratio; 1.09:1). The incidence rate in an average annual was 456.42/100000. The majority of reported cases were adolescents aged 20 to 39 years. Genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection increased rapidly and ranked the first,followed by syphilis and condyloma. Conclusions STDs infection has been increasing in Futian district. Effort should be made to keep the epidemic under control. It is important to intensify STDs prevention and control through health education, serological monitoring, standardizing diagnosis and treatment of STDs and intervention of high-risk sexual behavior.

  17. Present Situation and Potential of Carbon Sequestration in Chaotian District in Guangyuan City%广元市朝天区森林碳汇现状评估及潜力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈仕富

    2011-01-01

    The present annual CO2 sequestration in 2010 year and Potential of Carbon Sequestration from 2011 -2025 in Guangyuan's chaotian district has been estimated, through the examination of Carbon Sequestration in the different forest type . The result show that the present annual CO2 sequestration was 116.47 x 104t , and Potential of Carbon Sequestration during the period from 2011 - 2015varies from 141.07 - 169.10 x 104t(CO2).%以广元市朝天区各林分类型为研究对象,分析研究了该医森林碳汇现状及潜力,即2010年森林碳汇现状为116.47万t,2011—2015年森林碳汇在141.07—169.10万t之间变化。

  18. 南通市通州区2009年肠道线虫病感染率调查%INVESTIGATION ON THE INFECTION RATE OF INTESTINAL NEMATODE IN TOONGZHOU DISTRICT OF NANTONG CITY IN 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王国清

    2011-01-01

    [目的]了解通州区肠道线虫病感染情况.[方法]采用改良加藤法进行调查.[结果]肠道线虫总感染率为0.66%,单一虫种感染率低于1%.[结论]通州区达到肠道线虫病控制标准.%[Objective] To evaluate the current status of intestinal nematode infection in Toongzhou District [Methods] The modified Kato-Katz technique was used to investigation. [ Results] The total infection rate of intestinal nematode was 0.66%, the single parasite infection rate was less than 1%. [Conclusion] The infection rate of intestinal nematode in Tongzhou reached the control standard.

  19. HIV/AIDS in Gaoping District of Nanchong City, 1999-2010%1999-2010年南充市高坪区HIV/AIDS流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何兮; 张旭; 曾凤梅; 李定志

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解南充市高坪区艾滋病流行病学特征,为制定控制策略提供依据.方法 对南充市高坪区1999-2010年HIV/AIDS疫情报告、综合监测、自愿咨询、流行病学调查资料收集统计,采用描述性流行病学方法进行分析研究.结果 1999-2010年高坪区共报告HIV/AIDS 74例,感染率为12.76/10万.男女之比为2.21∶1;传播途径以性接触传播为主,占总例数的58.11%;年龄分布以20 ~39岁最高,占总例数的71.62%;职业分布以无业人员居多,占40.54%;发现途径以咨询检测为主,占总数的29.73%,其次为专题调查检测,占20.27%.2005-2010年共报70例,占总数的94.59%,年均感染率为1.10/10万,呈快速增长高峰.结论 南充市高坪区艾滋病感染者2005-2010年为快速增长期,以性接触传播为主要方式,应针对高危人群和高危行为,采取综合监测干预措施,控制艾滋病的流行.%Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics of AIDS in Gaoping district, so as to provide basis for formulating control strategy. Methods HIV/AIDS epidemic situation report, integrated monitoring, voluntary consultation, epidemiological data collection statistics of Caoping district from 1999 to 2010 were collected and were analyzed with descriptive epidemiological methods. Results From 1999 -2010, 74 cases of HIV/AIDS were reported at Gaoping district, with the infection rate of 12. 76/105. The ratio of men and women with HIV/AIDS was 2. 21 : 1; Sexual contact, standing for 58. 11% of the total, was the major channel of transmission. Among all age groups, people ranging from 20 to 39 was the most highly infected which stand for 71. 62% ; 40.54% of the patients were unemployed, making them the largest group among vocational distribution chart. 29. 73% of them were detected by consultation, followed by 20. 27% from project survey. Seventy cases were reported from 2005 to 2010, making 94. 59% of the total number in 11 years. The

  20. 2009年武汉市农村生活饮用水水质卫生监测结果分析%An analysis of health monitoring result of the drinking water quality in the rural district of Wuhan city in 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘俊玲; 张启生; 刘正丹

    2011-01-01

    目的:准确掌握武汉市农村生活饮用水的水质和卫生防护情况,为进一步提高农村饮水质量、建设新农村提供可靠的科学依据,保障我市农村居民饮水安全.方法:按照(GB5749-2006)中有关规定采取和保存水样.水样检测按照(GB/T5750-2006)进行,评价标准按(GB5749-2006)表4中有关规定执行.结果:乡镇出厂水合格率为19.2%,分散式供水合格率为17.4%,乡镇出厂水和分散式供水主要不合格指标为细菌学指标(游离余氯、总大肠菌群、耐热大肠菌群、细菌总数)和感官指标(肉眼可见物、浑浊度).x2检验结果还显示,乡镇出厂水合格率,新洲区>黄陂区>江夏区>蔡甸区(P<0.05);分散式供水合格率,新洲区、黄陂区>江夏区>蔡甸区(P<0.05).乡镇出厂水不合格指标中,仅菌落总数合格率各区之间存在显著性差异,分散式供水不合格指标中,菌落总数、总大肠菌群、耐热大肠菌群、浑浊度、肉眼可见物、锰和耗氧量合格率各区之间存在显著性差异(P<0.05).结论:武汉市农村乡镇出厂水和分散式供水水质合格率低,超标指标多,卫生状况令人担忧.%Objective:To understand the quality and sanitary protection condition of the drinking water in the rural district of Wuhan city and to provide scientific analysis for the further water renovation and building new countryside. Methods: In accordance with the relevant regulations in the “health standards of drinking water ” ( GB5749 - 2006 ), the water samples were taken and preserved. The water samples were detected in accordance with the “standard examination methods for drinking water” ( GB/T5750 - 2006), and the results were evaluated according to the relevant regulations in the Table 4 of“ health standards of drinking water” ( GB5749 -2006). Results: The qualified rate of rural centralized water supply was 19.2%. The qualified rate of scattered water supply was 17.4%. The

  1. Sin City?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svarer, Michael; Gautier, Pieter A.; Teulings, Coen n.

    s moving to the countryside a credible commitment device for couples? We investigate whether lowering the arrival rate of potential alternative partners by moving to a less populated area lowers the dissolution risk for a sample of Danish couples. We find that of the couples who married in the city......, the ones who stay in the city have significant higher divorce rates. Similarly, for the couples who married outside the city, the ones who move to the city are more likely to divorce. This correlation can be explained by both a causal and a sorting effect. We disentangle them by using the timing...

  2. Eating Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg; Fisker, Anna Marie; Clausen, Katja Seerup

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyzed the development of a city based sustainable food strategy for the city of Aalborg. It’s based on 3 cases of food service: food for the elderly as operated by the Municipality, food the hospital patients as operated by the region and food for defense staff as operated by the st......This paper analyzed the development of a city based sustainable food strategy for the city of Aalborg. It’s based on 3 cases of food service: food for the elderly as operated by the Municipality, food the hospital patients as operated by the region and food for defense staff as operated...

  3. VT Maintenance District Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — Vermont has eight transportation maintenance districts which are responsible for all maintenance activities on state highways, and for providing technical assistance...

  4. District of Yiyang City Residents to Participate in Physical Exercise Investigation and Analysis%益阳市赫山区参加体育锻炼居民现状调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈珂

    2013-01-01

    作为城市的细胞,作为精神文明建设和全民健身计划的载体,对我国社会体制改革和体育发展有着极为重要的意义。作为社区建设的重要组成部分的社区体育,理所当然成为当前群众体育活动的主要形式社区体育是社区整体的一部分,它随社区发展而发展,具有活动范围的区域性、活动设施的公共性、活动组织的民间性、参与对象的广泛性等特点。社区体育价值体现在从事体育活动的人身上,它把满足个人需要与提高个人素质作为首要价值。同时社区体育也是城市全民健身发展的一个重要组成部分,是衡量全面建设小康社会成果的一个重要指标。因此,研究益阳市社区体育的现状,提出有益的发展对策,对促进益阳市社区体育的发展具有重要的现实意义。采用文献资料、问卷调查和数理统计的研究方法,对益阳市赫山区体育发展现状进行研究。依据我国目前对社区体育的理论模式研究,结合益阳市自身经济与社会的发展形势,提出了益阳市城市社区体育发展的思路与对策。%As the city's cells, as the spiritual civilization construction and the carrier of national fitness program, reform of our social and physical development are of paramount importance. As an important part of community building community sports, of course, become the main form of sports activities of community sports an integral part of the community, it developed with community development, with a range of regional, activity facilities, publicity, event organization of the Folk and extensive participation in the object and so on. The value of community sports activities embodied in the people who engage in sports, it is to meet the individual needs and improving their quality as a primary value. Community Sports is also the development of the city is an important fitness component is a measure of building a

  5. Analysis of Measles Epidemiological Characteristics and Evaluation of Immune Effect in Guandu District of Kunming city from 2008 to 2014%2008-2015年昆明市官渡区麻疹流行病学特征分析及免疫效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彦漫

    2016-01-01

    目的:分析2008—2015年昆明市官渡区麻疹疫情波动现象,尤其监测2012—2013年官渡区麻疹高发时期的疫苗免疫血清抗体情况。找到防控麻疹疾病确实有效的方法,为今后我区的麻疹防控工作提供新的思路。方法收集2012—2013年官渡区麻疹高发期间在官渡区妇幼保健中心采集的28例已接种过含麻疫苗儿童的血清样本,测定麻疹IgGAb。数据经过统计处理分析有统计学意义。结果28例麻疹疫苗免疫血清抗体检验结果全是阳性,并且没有一例患发麻疹。结论预防麻疹最有效的方法是有效地接种麻疹疫苗。并结合教育部门、公安部门等多部门同时协助监控麻疹防控,力争麻疹发病达到预期的控制目标。%Objective We are to find out the effective method of prevention and control of measles disease, and to pro-vide new ideas for the prevention and control of measles in my district in the future by analysis of measles epidemic in Guandu District of Kunming city from 2008 to 2015, especially in the period of measles vaccine immunization in Guan-du district from 2012 to 2013. Methods We have collected the serum samples of 28 patients who had been vaccinated measles at the women's and children's health center in Guandu district of Kunming city from 2012 to 2013, tested the IgGAb of measles. By statist iced and analyses the data has statistically significant. Results the measles vaccine im-mune antibody test results of 28 serum samples are all positive, and none of the 28 cases suffer from measles. Con-clusion The most effective way to prevent the measles is vaccination. At the same time, we must combine with the de-partment of education, the department of public security and other departments to monitoring the measles prevention and control, and strive to achieve the desired control objectives of measles.

  6. Study on the Driving Force of Land Use Change at Differernt Scales——A Case Study of the Xinbei District of Changzhou City%不同尺度下的土地利用变化驱动力研究——以常州市新北区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张云鹏; 孙燕; 王小丽; 蔡玉萍

    2012-01-01

    To analyze the driving force mechanism of the land use change at different scales during the rapid urbanization,the canonical correlation analysis and the spatial logistic regression analysis were used to study at the general scale and the local spatial scale.The result indicated that the variable quantity of GDP,the volume of investment in fixed assets,gross industrial output value,gross agricultural output value,average net rural per capita income,per capita GDP,total population,urbanization rate,were the main reasons for the land use change of the Xinbei District of Changzhou City at the general scale;the nearest distance of water system,towns,the provincial highway,the main road of urban and rural areas were the significant reasons for the land use change of the Xinbei District of Changzhou City at the local spatial scale.The fast development of economy and the rapid growth of population were the two main social and economic driving forces of land-use change in Xinbei District of Changzhou City;the transportation accessibility and the distance to the downtown were the two impact factors producing the spatial difference in land use change.In conclusion,the land use change was deeply affected by the population and economic growth,traffic systems and policies during the rapid urbanization in China.%以常州市新北区为研究区域,探寻不同研究尺度下土地利用驱动力变化。分别从全局尺度和局部空间尺度,应用典型相关分析和空间网格化Logistic回归分析方法进行土地利用变化驱动力的定量化分析。结果表明:在全局尺度上,GDP变化量、社会固定资产投资额变化量、工业总产值变化量、农业总产值变化量、农村居民人均纯收入变化量、人均GDP变化量、总人口变化量和城镇化率变化量,是影响常州市新北区土地利用变化的主要因素。在局部空间尺度上,对常州市新北区土地利用变化造成显著影响的因子,主要包括距水

  7. Analysis on monitoring results of congenital heart disease of perinatal infants in Bao 'an district of Shenzhen city from 2006 to 2010%宝安区2006~2010年围产儿先天性心脏病监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程郁离; 王维; 张萍; 李建梅; 黄跃华; 罗雅丽; 张玉

    2011-01-01

    目的:对深圳市宝安区5年围产儿先天性心脏病监测结果进行分析,为制定预防和干预措施或政策提供依据.方法:应用SPSS 13.0软件对宝安区2006~2010年围产儿出生缺陷监测资料进行统计分析.结果:5年间宝安区围产儿中共有926例先天性心脏病,其5年平均发生率为3.48‰,呈上升趋势(x2=59.68,P<0.001);先天性心脏病合并其他畸形130例,占先天性心脏病的14.04%;单一类型的先天性心脏病前3位为动脉导管未闭、室间隔缺损、房间隔缺损.结论:先天性心脏病在出生缺陷构成比中居首位,诊断水平的提高和监测网络覆盖面的扩大是先天性心脏病发生率升高的主要原因;加大对流动人口的健康教育力度并进一步提高对先天性心脏病的监测能力,有利于降低先天性心脏病的发生率.%Objective: To analyze the monitoring results of congenital heart disease of perinatal infants in Baoan district of Shenz-hen city from 2006 to 2010, provide a basis for making preventive and interventional measures or strategies. Methods; SPSS 13. 0 software was used for statistical analysis of monitoring data of birth defects of perinatal infants in Bao'an district of Shenzhen city from 2006 to 2010. Results; From 2006 to 2010, 926 perinatal infants were diagnosed as congenital heart disease in Bao'an district of Shenzhen city, the total incidence was 3.48‰, showing a increasing trend (x2 = 59.68, P < 0. 001) . 130 perinatal infants were found with congenital heart disease combined with other deformities, accounting for 14. 04% of all perinatal infants with congenital heart disease. The top three types of single congenital heart disease were patent ductus arteriosus, ventricular septal defect and atrial septal defect Conclusion: The proportion of perinatal infants with congenital heart disease is the highest among the perinatal infants with birth defects, the improvement of diagnostic level and enlargement of

  8. The planned Shopping Center as a generator of a new develpmente city district: the example of Catuaí Shopping Center in Londrina O Shopping Center planejado, como gerador de um novo (sub centro de desenvolvimento: o exemplo do Catuaí Shopping Center de Londrina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Luiza Fava Grassiotto

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Dejan Sudjic (1999 considers shopping centers, modern airports and museums, as important reference marks of new urban landscape, “public” spaces, keys to contemporary cities definition. They are mega complexes that generate economic competition between cities, establishing their influence areas. Enterprises which concentrate populations, arise cultural interests that, independently of scale and without causing excessive development in cities, afford them structure, form and identity. This paper briefly characterizes the multifunctionality and the existing shopping center typologies, concentrating afterwards on the history of Catuaí Shopping Center and the dynamics of its evolutionary process. Matters such as the expansion of the surrounding and real property valorization, its power to attract investments and new activities, besides its performance as land use modifier, are mentioned. Finally, it is highlighted the role of the shopping center as an instrument of neighborhood progress, social transformation, and changing of behavior enabling, during its evolutionary process, the development of a characteristic city district and a new centrality.Dejan Sudjic (1999 considera os shopping centers, ao lado dos modernos aeroportos e museus, como importantes marcos de referência da nova paisagem urbana, espaços “públicos” chaves na definição da cidade contemporânea. São megacomplexos que geram competição econômica entre as cidades, estabelecendo suas áreas de influência. Empreendimentos concentradores de população, despertam interesses culturais, que independentemente da escala e sem causar o intenso crescimento das cidades, lhes dão estrutura, forma e identidade. Este texto, após uma breve caracterização da multifuncionalidade e das tipologias de shopping centers existentes, concentra-se na história do Catuaí Shopping Center de Londrina, e a dinâmica de seu processo evolutivo. Questões como: a expansão e valoriza

  9. The Student Voice Collaborative: An Effort to Systematize Student Participation in School and District Improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sussman, Ari

    2015-01-01

    This chapter recounts the first 3 years of the Student Voice Collaborative (SVC) in New York City, a district supported student leadership initiative that engages high school aged youth in school reform work at school and district levels. Based on his experiences developing and running the SVC, the author identifies nine design and implementation…

  10. 2010年佛山市顺德区111个建设项目职业病危害评价资料分析%Data Analysis on Occupational Hazard Evaluation of 111 Construction Projects in Shunde District of Foshan City in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余卓文; 李丽泉; 符发雄; 曾庆民; 左志华; 梁丽珍

    2011-01-01

    目的 对2010年佛山市顺德区111个建设项目职业病危害评价情况进行分析,为开展职业病防治工作提供依据.方法 对111份职业病危害评价报告查阅后进行统计、分析.结果 111个建设项目职业病危害评价中有预评价109个,控制效果评价2个;存在严重职业病危害因素的建设项目为1个,一般危害的有74个,轻微危害的有36个;职业有害因素以尘、毒、噪声为主.结论 顺德区职业病防治的问题任重道远,有关部门应加强职业卫生监管工作.%[Objective] To analyze the status of occupational hazard evaluation of 111 construction projects in Shunde district of Fos-han city in 2010, provide the evidence for the prevention and control of occupational disease. [Methods] 111 occupational hazard e-valuation reports were reviewed and analyzed. [Results] Among 111 occupational hazard evaluation reports, 109 were pre-evaluation, 2 were control effect evaluation, 1 construction project had severe occupational hazardous factors, 74 had general hazards, and 36 had slight hazards. The major occupational hazardous factors included dust, poison and noise. [Conclusion] The prevention and control of occupational disease in Shunde district should be improved, and relevant departments should strengthen the occupational health management.

  11. Renewing City Renewal: A call for strong design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Engel, H.; Van Velzen, E.; Van der Wal, O.

    2013-01-01

    Between 1970 and 1990 the prewar districts of Dutch cities underwent an unparalleled process of renewal. What began as ‘building for the neighbourhood’ in protest against extensive demolition has now come to be known as ‘city renewal’. Large numbers of affordable dwellings and social facilities were

  12. Managing for Results in America's Great City Schools. A Report of the Performance Measurement and Benchmarking Project, Spring 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Council of the Great City Schools, 2008

    2008-01-01

    This report describes statistical indicators developed by the Council of the Great City Schools and its member districts to measure big-city school performance on a range of operational functions in business, finance, human resources and technology. The report also presents data city-by-city on those indicators. This is the second time that…

  13. Managing for Results in America's Great City Schools. A Report of the Performance Measurement and Benchmarking Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Council of the Great City Schools, 2008

    2008-01-01

    This report describes statistical indicators developed by the Council of the Great City Schools and its member districts to measure big-city school performance on a range of operational functions in business, finance, human resources and technology. The report also presents data city-by-city on those indicators. This is the second time that…

  14. 深圳市宝安区2010年急性出血性结膜炎暴发疫青的流行病学调查%Epidemiological Analysis of Outbreaks of Acute Hemorrhagic Conjunctivitis in Baoan District, Shenzhen City in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马智超; 李雯钦; 任海燕; 陈亿雄; 汪建; 吴泰顺; 周小涛; 陈兵; 朱奕; 黄振宇; 李苑; 熊田甜

    2012-01-01

    目的 分析深圳市宝安区2010年急性出血性结膜炎暴发疫情的原因及流行特征,以便制定更好的预防措施.方法 收集深圳市宝安区急性出血性结膜炎暴发流行病学资料,采用描述性研究的方法对其进行分析.结果 2010年深圳市宝安区共发生急性出血性结膜炎15起,波及人数54 231人,发病人数共1 556人,其中男性发病人数为1 047人,女性发病数509人;无重症病例,无死亡病例.时间分布,暴发高峰期集中在8-9月;人群分布,男性发病率高于女性,工厂有991人发病,占发病总数的63.7%,学校发病人数为565人,占总数的36.3%;地区分布,观澜街道是发病人数最多的街道,新安街道为暴发次数最多的街道,其次为西乡街道.结论 深圳市宝安区急性出血性结膜炎发病呈明显的季节高峰,人群分布差异无统计学意义,宝安区急性出血性结膜炎暴发疫情经过综合防制后,控制效果显著,今后的防控重点应在8-9月,此次疾病暴发的传播方式主要是非同源性的连锁式传播,因此宣传教育教师及家长注重儿童青少年卫生习惯的培养,注重个人卫生习惯,及时做好玩具、门窗等日常生活用品的清洗与消毒,避免日常接触传播疾病.%Objective To analyze the causes and epidemiological characteristics of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC) outbreaks in Baoan District of Shenzhen city in 2010 so as to formulate better preventive strategies. Methods The epidemio-logical data of AHC outbreaks in Baoan District of Shenzhen City were collected and then conducted descriptive analysis. Results There were 15 AHC outbreaks occurred in Baoan District of Shenzhen City in 2010, 54,231 individuals were involved in the outbreaks, and totally 1,556 individuals suffered from AHC, including 1,047 male patients and 509 female patients. There was no severe case and death case. Time distribution showed that the outbreaks peaked in August and

  15. 2007-2014年潍坊市寒亭区围产儿出生缺陷监测结果分析%Analysis on monitoring results of perinatal birth defects in Hanting District of Weifang city from 2007 to 2014

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丽; 张毅; 郭文星; 王立洁

    2016-01-01

    Objective To analyze the monitoring results of perinatal birth defects in Hanting District of Weifang city,put forward suggestions for prevention of birth defects in the region.Methods The monitoring data of perinatal birth defects from January 1 st,2007 to December 31st,2014 were researched,SPSS software was used for statistical analysis.Results From 2007 to 2014,there were 29 142 perinatal infants in the region,113 infants were diagnosed as birth defects,the average incidence rate of birth defects was 3.88‰.The top five types of birth defects were polydactylism,total cleft lip and palate,congenital heart disease,deformity,and hydrocephalus.Conclusion The incidence rate of birth defects in Hanting District of Weifang city in recent years showed a decreasing trend,corresponding intervention measures should be taken according to the change of rank of birth defects.%目的 分析潍坊市寒亭区出生缺陷的监测结果,有针对性地对该地区出生缺陷的预防提出建议.方法 研究2007年1月1日-2014年12月31日所有妊娠从28周到产后7d的围产儿的出生缺陷监测资料,用SPSS软件对围产儿出生缺陷医院监测资料进行统计分析.结果 2007-2014年该地区共有围产儿29 142例,出生缺陷113例,出生缺陷的平均发生率为3.88‰,前5位出生缺陷类型依次为多指(趾),总唇腭裂,先天性心脏病,总畸形和脑积水.结论 潍坊市寒亭区近几年出生缺陷的发生率总体呈下降趋势,应针对出生缺陷顺位统计的变化采取有针对性的干预措施.

  16. 深圳市宝安区健康人群百日咳、白喉、破伤风抗体水平监测%Monitoring of the humoral immunity to pertussis, diphtheria and tetanus in the healthy population of Bao'an district, Shenzhen city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张震文; 茌静; 雷蕾; 郑晓晨; 肖锦晖

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解宝安区健康人群破伤风、白喉、百日咳三种疫苗血清抗体水平,评价三种疫苗的免疫实施效果.方法 2011年随机抽取宝安区7个街道不同年龄段人群,采用试管凝集试验检测血清抗体水平.结果 破伤风、白喉、百日咳抗体保护率分别为98.33%,98.06%,98.33%,各年龄组人群均达到90%以上;几何平均滴度(GMT)分别为1∶80.63、1∶80.48、1∶1 409.35,均以21~32岁组最低;三种抗体保护率和GMT有随年龄增大而明显降低的趋势.结论 宝安区人群破伤风、白喉、百日咳免疫水平都较高,免疫屏障已经形成,短期内暴发流行百日咳、白喉、破伤风的可能性不大.%Objective To determine the levels of serum antibodies against pertussis, diphtheria, and tetanus after immunization in the Bao'an district,Shenzhen city,and to evaluate the effectiveness of immunization. Method 360 persons were selected from 7 towns in Bao'an in 2011 and the levels serum antibodies to pertussis, diphtheria, and tetanus were monitored by the test-tube agglutination method. Results The protection rate and geometric mean titer of tetanus was 98.33% and 1:80.63,respective.The protection rate and geometric titer of diphtheria was 98.06% and 1:80.48, respectively. The protection rate and geometric titer of pertussis was 98.33% and 1:1 409.35, respectively. The protection rate and geometric titer of tetanus,diphtheria and pertussis were significantly decreased with increasing age. Conclusions The immunization level of pertussis, diphtheria, and tetanus was relatively high in the Bao'an district, Shenzhen city. The chance of the outbreak for these diseases was low.

  17. 北京市海淀区妊娠期妇女口腔保健认知状况及行为的调查分析%Investigation and analysis on cognitive status of pregnant women to oral health care and their behaviors in Haidian district of Beijing city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁锦娟

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To understand the degree of awareness of pregnant women to oral health care knowledge and the implementation status of oral health care behaviors in Haidian district of Beijing city. Methods: The pregnant women in Haidian district of Beijing city received questionnaire survey, the contents included questions about oral health care knowledge and oral health care behaviors (including tooth brushing and usage of dental floss) , then a statistical analysis was conducted on the result and educational level of pregnant women and monthly family income. Results: The cognitive degree of oral health care and oral health care behaviors of pregnant women with under middle educational level were worse than those of pregnant women with higher educational level and postgraduate educational level, but there was no significant difference between the pregnant women with higher educational level and postgraduate educational level; there was no significant difference among the pregnant women with different monthly family incomes; the total level of oral health care behaviors was low. Conclusion: Oral health care education and behaviors should be enhanced and improved, more attention should be paid to the pregnant women with under middle educational level.%目的:了解北京市海淀区妊娠期妇女对口腔保健知识的知晓度及口腔保健行为的实施状况.方法:对北京市海淀区妊娠期妇女进行问卷调查,内容涉及口腔保健知识及刷牙、使用牙线等口腔保健行为方面的问题,并对结果与妊娠期妇女的学历、家庭月收入进行统计学分析.结果:中等以下学历的妊娠期妇女口腔保健的认知程度及行为明显低于高等学历及研究生以上学历者,而高等学历及研究生以上学历者之间未见明显差异;不同家庭月收入者在口腔保健认知及行为方面未见明显差异;口腔保健行为整体水平欠佳.结论:应继续加强妊娠期妇女的口腔保健教育及

  18. 传统商业街区风貌变迁的文化诠释——以中山市孙文西路为例%A Cultural Interpretation to the Change of Traditional Commercial District Features se of Sun Wen Xi Street, Zhongshan City, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁绍莲; 保继刚

    2012-01-01

    传统商业街区是城市历史与文化的重要载体.经历了近30年的发展与建设,国内大量传统街区的风貌已发生了变迁,“千街一面”的趋势H益明显,阻碍了历史与文化传承,以中山市的孙文西路为例,以历史地理学视角为指导,通过参与式观察与非参与式观察、访谈等多种调查手段获得大量一手资料,从而梳理出孙文西路的传统风貌变迁过程,对这一变迁过程背后的文化推动机制进行了剖析.研究发现,孙文西路传统风貌的变迁是特定历史时期文化变迁的一种映射,变迁的趋势并不是主观的物质环境规划与设计所能决定的,而是相应的文化机制驱动的结果,培育良性的文化发育机制是历史城镇传统风貌保护的有效途径之一.%The Traditional Commercial District (TCD) is an important carrier of a city's history and culture. After a 30-year-long development and construction, many domestic TCDs experienced apparent features changes, while mostly resulting in the facelessness that impeded the inheritance of history and culture. The Sun Wen Xi Street, Zhongshan City, China, is such a typical case for research. Based on the perspective of historical geography and a wealth of original materials collected through participatory/non-participatory observation and interviews, this study illustrates the features change of Sun Wen Xi Street, analyzes the impetus mechanism of culture to such a change from the cultural interpretation aspect. It is found that the traditional features change of Sun Wen Xi Street was a reflection of cultural transition in specific periods of history, and thus the change was determined not by subjective physical planning or urban design but by cultural mechanism. The implication is that to cultivate an appropriate cultural development mechanism can be an effective way to protect the traditional features of historical district.

  19. 重庆市九龙坡区2009年甲型H1N1流感暴发疫情流行病学分析%Epidemiological analysis of influenza A (H1N1) in Jiulongpo district of Chongqing city in 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李中琴; 李晓娟; 谭学钧

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解重庆市九龙坡区甲型H1N1流感暴发疫情的流行病学特征.为更好地制定有针对性的控制措施提供依据.方法 对重庆市九龙坡区2009年甲型H1N1流感暴发疫情处理资料进行描述性分析.结果 16起甲型H1N1流感暴发疫情累计确诊64例,平均罹患率为0.36%(64/17778);疫情集中发生在9月,发病人群主要是中专职校学生;男女性别比为3:1.结论 甲型H1N1流感暴发疫情均发生在学校,学校是控制甲型H1N1流感疫情的关键,应及时报告疫情、有效落实控制措施.%Objective To study the epidemiological characteristics of hepatitis in Jiulongpo district of Chongqing city and to establish a more pertinent control of influenza A (H1N1).Methods Descriptive epidemiological study was performed to analyze the characteristics of influenza A (H1N1) outbreak in 2009 in the Jiulongpo district of Chongqing city.Results 16 influenza A (H1N1) outbreak involving 64 reported cases were found.The average rate of prevalence was 0.36% (64/17778).Most of the outbreak occurred in schools in September.Conclusion The influenza A (H1N1) outbreak was mainly in schools.Timely report is an effective measure to control the infection.

  20. 深圳市宝安区心理危机干预热线581例求助电话分析%Help-seeking telephone analysis of 581 cases of psychological crisis inter-vention hotline in Bao’an District of Shenzhen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏海云; 刘成锋; 张泉水; 邓秀良; 侯粤虎

    2015-01-01

    Objective To known the characteristics of help-seeking telephone of psychological crisis intervention hot-line in Bao’an district of Shenzhen City. Methods From November 2011 to December 2013,581 effective calls via psy-chological healthy hotline in Bao’an district of Shenzhen City were retrospectively analyzed. Results The main charac-teristics of callers were male (58.5%),young people at ages of 19 to 38 years old (87.3%),middle and high school educa-tion (63.2%),and local residents (80.9%).The main help-seeking problems included marriage and emotional problems (39.9%) and neurosis and other general psychological problems (26.5%).The principal help-seeking problems were dif-ferent based on different gender,age,education level,marital status and occupation supplicants (P<0.05).5.2% callers were reported with suicide ideation. Conclusion The psychconsultant hotline and health guidance should be adjusted on target based on the characteristics of population of callers and help-seeking problems.%目的:了解深圳市宝安区心理危机干预热线求助电话的特征。方法对深圳市宝安区心理健康热线2011年11月~2013年12月的581例有效来电进行回顾性分析。结果来电求助者主要特征为男性(58.5%)、19~38岁青年(87.3%)、初高中学历(63.2%)、本区居民(80.9%);主要求助问题为婚姻、情感问题(39.9%)、神经症或其他一般心理问题(26.5%),不同性别、年龄、受教育程度、婚姻状况和职业求助者的主要求助问题不同(P<0.05);有5.2%的求助者报告了自杀意念。结论心理热线和健康指导工作应根据来电人群和求助问题的特征进行有针对性的调整。

  1. Investigation on the epidemic of endemic fluorosis in Changping District of Beijing City in 2011%2011年北京市昌平区地方性氟中毒流行现况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡旭; 王瑞琴; 李宏通; 隋吉林; 刘重程

    2013-01-01

    目的 为了解降氟改水后昌平区饮水型地方性氟中毒的流行病学概况及消长趋势,为今后的防治工作提供科学依据.方法 采用分层整群抽样方法在昌平区氟中毒流行区按轻、中、重病区共抽查6个病区村,调查改水情况,改水设施运转情况和监测居民户饮用水氟含量,依照Dean氏氟斑牙分度法对8~12岁儿童和30岁以上成年人进行氟斑牙调查并检测8~12岁儿童的尿氟含量.结果 检测饮用水12份,水氟值均符合不高于1.0 mg/L的标准.调查8~12岁学龄儿童145名,氟斑牙患病率为16.55%,氟斑牙指数0.56,尿氟均数为0.80 mg/L.共调查30岁以上成人460人,氟斑牙患病率为67.72%.结论 改水20年昌平区氟中毒病情总体呈下降趋势.%[Objective]To explore the prevalence of endemic fluorosis and its trends in Changping District after drinking water improvement, and provide scientific evidence for the disease control and prevention. [Methods]Six villages were selected in Changping District by stratified and clustered sampling according to the distribution feature of disease area. Dental fluorosis of 8 to 12 year old children and the adults who were older than 30 years were examined in the selected spots according to the Dean' s dental fluorosis indexing. The urine fluorine content of above children was also detected. [ Results] A total of 12 samples of drinking water were detected, fluorine content all met the standard of ≤1.0 mg/L. There were 145 children were surveyed and the dental fluorosis prevalence rate was 16.55%. The index was 0.56. Average urine fluorine of children was 0. 80 mg/L. There were 460 adults were surveyed and the dental fluorosis prevalence rate was 67. 72%. [ Conclusion] The overall prevalence of fluorosis is descending in Changping District after 20 years of water improvement.

  2. Study on incidence and features of molecular epidemiology of rotavirus diarrhea in Longgang District,Shenzhen City%深圳市幼儿轮状病毒腹泻发病及分子流行病学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林少杰; 刘渠

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解深圳市龙岗区幼儿轮状病毒(Rotavirus,RV)腹泻发病情况及分子流行病学特征,为实施RV免疫规划提供依据.方法 分析2009年深圳市龙岗区疫情监测系统中5岁以下婴幼儿感染性腹泻的发病情况,用酶联免疫吸附试验(ELISA)检测腹泻患儿粪便中RV,然后采用逆转录-聚合酶链反应(RT-PCR)方法对提取的RV-RNA做基因分型.结果 2009年调查地区各级监测医院共报告5岁以下感染性腹泻儿童5893例,其中RV阳性2303例,阳性率为39.1%.随着年龄增大,儿童RV阳性率逐渐减小,且差别有统计学意义(P<0.01).1月~(41.8%)和10月~(43.9%)两个季节腹泻儿童RV阳性率高于4月~(30.8%)和7月~(26.8%)(P<0.01).男性与女性患儿RV检出率高于女性患儿,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).在随机抽取100份经ELISA检测RV阳性的2303份标本中,RT-PCR法进行轮状病毒基因G、P分型,分型率为64.0%,其中P8G3为主要流行型,占所有分型的42.0%.结论 RV是深圳市婴幼儿秋冬季腹泻最主要的病原体,以G3型为主,可作为研究RV疫苗的主要血清型.%Aim To analyze the incidenee and features of molecular epidemiology of rotavirus diarrhea in Longgang District of Shenzhen in 2009. Methods The incidence of rotavirus diarrhea from the surveillance systems of infectious diarrhea in infants less than 5 years in Longgang District in 2009 was analyzed. Rotavirus were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), and serotyping were performed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR). Results A total of 5 893 infectious diarrhea cases under 5 years in the hospitals monitored in Longgang District were reported including 2 303 cases positive for rotavirus with the positive rate of 39.1%. Rotavirus positive rate gradually reduced along with the increase of age(P<0.01 ). and the positive rates of rotavirus from January to March was 41.8% and 43.9% from October to Decembe higher than

  3. 2007-2011年烟台市芝罘区居民恶性肿瘤死亡情况分析%Analysis on Deaths Caused by Malignant Tumor in Zhi Fu District, Yantai City, 2007-2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王心祥; 张勇; 王筠惠

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the mortality trends of malignant tumors in Zhi Fu district, so as to provide scientific basis for effective control and prevention;[ Method ] The data of death cases from malignancy among residents from 2007~2011 in Zhifu district were analyzed.[Results ] The total mortality of malignant tumor was 150.07 / 105, which was ranked first of all death causes. Themortality of malignant tumor in men was 188.79 /105, which is higher than that in female (112.15 /105 ). The top five death causes by malignant tumor were lung cancer, liver cancer, stomach cancer, colon and recta cancer, pancreatic carcinoma. The mortality in different age groups varied. [Conclusion] Malignant rumor had become common disease which occurred frequently and threaten peopleps health in Zhi Fu district. Health education should be strengthened and healthy life style should be promoted to prevent and control ma lignan t tumor at early t ime.%目的了解烟台市芝罘区居民恶性肿瘤的死亡特征,为有效开展恶性肿瘤的预防和控制提供科学依据.方法对芝罘区2007-2011年居民恶性肿瘤死亡资料进行分析。结果烟台市芝罘区2007-2011年居民恶性肿瘤死亡率为150.07/10万,居全死因第1位,男性死亡率为188.79/10万,女性死亡率为112.15/10万,男性恶性肿瘤死亡率明显高于女性。恶性肿瘤排名前5位是肺癌、肝癌、胃癌、结直肠癌、胰腺癌,不同类别恶性肿瘤变化趋势不同,不同年龄组恶性肿瘤死因不同,且死亡率随着年龄增长而升高。结论恶性肿瘤已成为严重危害我区居民生命和健康的常见病和多发病,是当今导致疾病负担加重的主要疾病,严重危害我区居民健康。今后要从加强健康教育,建立良好生活方式入手,采取以三早为主的综合防治策略。

  4. 深圳市福田区136家企业职业危害现状调查%Occupational hazards survey of 136 enterprises in Futian district of Shenzhen city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑晓钧; 王永刚; 蒋立新; 李建东; 李汉锋

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the distribution of occupational hazards and the status of occupational health management of enterprises in Futian District.Methods "National survey of professional health(employing unit's questionnaire)"was used to survey for 136 enterprises in Futian District.Results Consisting of the 136 enterprises,mainly were private enterprises of middle and small size,31011 employees were actually involved in the total,while 3328 workers were contacted occupational hazard factors.The main occupational hazards of enterprises were chemical poisons (92/136,67.65 %) and physical factors (92/136,67.65 %).The production of occupational hazard factors in enterprises,mainly were noise (84/136,61.76 %),benzene,toluene and xylene (73/136,53.68%),particles not otherwise regulated (48/136,35.29%) and n-hexane (21/136,15.44%).Quite a part of enterprises did not take occupational health management measures.Conclusion It's required to improve the occupational health management of government supervision,two administrative means should be adhered to:education and administrative punishment,to improve the occupational hazard status of this district.%目的 了解福田区职业危害分布情况和企业职业卫生管理现状.方法 使用《全国职业健康状况调查(用人单位调查表)》,对福田区136家企业进行调查.结果 136家企业以中小型的非国有企业为主,实际从业人数31 011人,其中接触职业病危害因素的人数为3 328人;企业存在的职业病危害因素以化学毒物(92/136,67.65%)和物理因素为主(92/136,67.65%);企业产生的职业病危害因素以噪声(84/136,61.76%)、三苯(73/136,53.68%)其他粉尘(48/136,35.29%)和正己烷(21/136,15.44%)最为常见;相当一部分企业没有落实职业卫生管理措施.结论 福田区的职业卫生管理工作有待加强,应坚持以引导教育为主、行政处罚为辅的行政管理手段,逐步改善辖区企业的职业危害状况.

  5. Atypical Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiJulio, Betsy

    2011-01-01

    In this creative challenge, Surrealism and one-point perspective combine to produce images that not only go "beyond the real" but also beyond the ubiquitous "imaginary city" assignment often used to teach one-point perspective. Perhaps the difference is that in the "atypical cities challenge," an understanding of one-point perspective is a means…

  6. Study on the Assessment of the Comprehensive Carrying Capacity in Core Grain-production Districts --Taking Shangqiu City, Henan Province as an Example%粮食生产核心区综合承载力评价研究——以河南省商丘市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨建涛; 高建华; 王进学

    2012-01-01

    提高粮食生产核心区综合承载力是实施国家主体功能区战略、推进粮食生产核心区建设的重要价值取向。以综合承载力研究成果为基础,从我国粮食生产核心区城乡三次产业承载水平的角度,初步构建评价区域综合承载力的影响因子和模型,对商丘市2000-2009年城乡三次产业综合承载力实证研究的结果表明:当前农村呈现超载状态,城镇虽尚可载但水平不足,城乡综合承载力与现有人口规模基本持平,区域城镇化和城乡统筹发展有待提速。因此,粮食生产核心区应着力发展现代农业、大力提高城市综合承载力、不断拓展城市市区和功能新区发展空间。%To improve the Comprehensive Carrying Capacity (CCC) in Core Grain-production Districts (CGD) is an important goal for the implementation of Principal Functional Region strategy and the construction of CGD. Based on the researching progress analysis of CCC, this paper initially constructs CCC impact index and the CCC assessment model from the point of urban-rural industrial carrying capacity, and takes Shangqiu City as an example to empirically research its industrial carrying capacity in 2000 -2009. Studies show that the current status of rural CCC is overloading, the urban CCC is strong but can hold on less, the overall level of urban-rural CCC is as fiat as the existing population size. Then it points that regional urbanization and urban- rural coordinating development is to be accelerated. Therefore, to improve CCC, steps should be taken in CGD to pay close attention to modern agriculture, to enhance urban CCC vigorously, and to extend the development space of urban district and new functional districts.

  7. Prevalence of injury-related behaviors among 10 middle school students in Changping District of Beijing City%北京市昌平区10所学校中学生伤害相关行为流行状况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄艳丽; 崔永强; 刘玉红; 王会松

    2013-01-01

    [Objective]To study the prevalence of injuries among the middle school students in Changping District of Beijing City. [ Methods] Full-time students from 10 middle schools (including key secondary school, key high school, general secondary school, general high school and vocational high school) were selected from Changping District. An anonymous questionnaire survey was conducted on 2 of each kind. [Results]The rates of having no preparation before motion, walk violating regulations, bullying, being bullied, self-mutilation were relatively high whcih was 30. 1% , 36. 2% , 55. 8% , 36. 6% , 33. 5% respectively. The report rate of being bullied and self mutilation of secondary school students was higher than that of high school students, with significant difference. [ Conclusion] High prevalence of injure - related behaviors exists among middle school students in Changping District. Health education program about injury prevention should be conducted among middle school students as soon as possible improve their self-protection consciousness.%目的 了解北京市昌平区中学生伤害发生情况.方法 选取昌平区10所全日制中学学生作为本次调查对象,包括重点初中、重点高中、普通初中、普通高中、职业中学5种学校类型,每种学校类型选取2所学校的学生进行无记名问卷调查.结果 昌平区中学生运动前无准备、步行违规,欺侮、被欺侮、自残报告率较高,分别为30.1%、36.2%、55.8%、36.6%、33.5%.初中生被欺侮和自我伤害的报告率高于高中生,差异有统计学意义.结论 该区中学生中存在多种容易导致伤害的行为,应尽早对中学生进行预防伤害的健康教育,提高中学生自我保护意识.

  8. 2011-2012学年北京市昌平区中小学生营养状况监测结果%Nutritional status of primary and secondary school students in Changping District of Beijing City from 2011-2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张崛; 崔永强; 刘玉红; 黄艳丽; 刘晓培; 王金飞; 滕淑凤

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解北京市昌平区2011-2012学年中小学生营养状况.方法 对昌平区2011-2012学年中小学生体检资料进行分析.结果 53 991名中小学生,营养不良检出率13.97%,以轻度营养不良(89.15%)为主,女生高于男生(P<0.05),城镇高于乡村(但P>0.05),初中高于小学和高中(P<0.05);营养过剩检出率为34.86%,肥胖(21.72%)多于超重(13.15%),男生高于女生(P<0.05),城镇高于乡村(P<0.05),初中高于小学和高中(P<0.05).结论 昌平区中小学生营养不良和营养过剩同时并存,有关部门应加强营养宣教,有针对性地开展干预措施.%To understand the nutritional status of primary and secondary school students in Changping District of Beijing City from 2011-2012.[Methods] The physical examination data of primary and secondary school students in Changping District from 2011-2012 were analyzed.[Results] Among 53 991 primary and secondary school students,malnutrition detection rate was 13.97%,most with mild malnutrition (89.15%),more girls than boys (P < 0.05),town worse than countryside (but P > 0.05),secondary school higher than elementary school and high school (P < 0.05) ; Nutrition surplus detection rate was 34.86%,obesity (21.72%) higher than overweight (13.15%),more boys than girls (P < 0.05),town higher than countryside (P < 0.05),secondary school higher than elementary school and high school (P < 0.05).[Condusion] Malnutrition and nutrition surplus coexists in primary and secondary school students in Changping District.Relevant departments should strengthen nutrition education and carry out targeted interventions.

  9. Adjustment in structure of prefectural agriculture based on its developmental advantages----Case study on Xingning District, Nanning City%基于农业发展优势的县域农业结构调整——以南宁市兴宁区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘旭晔; 刘战平; 蔡旺

    2011-01-01

    [目的]对广西南宁市兴宁区农业发展的比较优势进行分析,为县域农业结构调整提供参考.[方法]采用文献调查与实地调查相结合的方法,对兴宁区农业发展现状、农业产业结构存在的问题及农业发展优势进行分析.[结果]兴宁区农业结构调整的总体思路为:立足于兴宁区的区位、产业、物流等优势,选择具有市场竞争力的特色优势产业,并强化产业间的带动联动效应;依托三塘工业园区和金桥物流中心,大力发展农产品加工业;寻求农业与旅游业最佳结合,从而推动兴宁区旅游农业的快速发展.可首先从养殖规模化和品牌化、蔬菜种植标准化、花卉苗木特色化、甘蔗和木薯种植区域化、农产品流通现代化等方面对兴宁区农业结构进行调整.[建议]可从提高农业生产者素质、加大农业科技创新投入力度、推动农产品加工企业发展、提高政府服务能力、调整耕地规模等方面制定相关政策,确保兴宁区农业结构调整的顺利进行.%[Objective]The studies have been undertaken to analyze the advantages of agricultural development in Xingning District, Nanning City, Guangxi in order to provide base for adjusting structure of prefectnral agriculture [ Method ]An extensive literature suvkey combined with field investigations was carried ont to analyze the current status and advantages of agriculture development and problems in current agricultural structure in Xingning District. [Result]General direction for adjustrnent of agricultural structure of Xingning District is as follows: development of competitive, characterstic and dominant indnstries based on their advantages (viz., strategic location, developmental agricultural industry and physical distribution); encouragement of coordination among agricultural industries; development of processing industry for agricultural products; efforts to make use of the combinations between agriculture and

  10. 西安市古汉城遗址高氟区儿童氟牙症现况调查%Survey on fluoride in drinking-water and dental fluorosis of children in Hancheng ancient district of Xi'an city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓转云; 谌淑敏; 田宏良; 赵育民

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To investigate the prevalence of endemic fluorosis in Hancheng district, and to provide scientific basis for the prevention and cure of endemic fluorosis in fulture.[Methods]The fluoride content in drinking-water was determined by the fluoride selective ion electrode in the ruins of an ancient city in Hancheng district.The dental teeth of children aged 8~12 years at school was examined with Dean's index The fluoride content in drinking water was detected with F-ion selective electrode.[Results]The dental fluorosis of 457 children aged 8~ 12 years in 11 villages in Hancheng district were examined the total detectable was 177.The detectable rate of dental fluorosis of children aged 8~ 12 years was 16.4 %, tiny patients 57(the prevalence rate was 12.2%), light patients 18 (the prevalence rate was 3.9 %).No moderate and severe patients were oberserved.[Conclusions]The total detectable rate of children dental fluorosis in Hancheng district is 16.4 %, in order to maintain prefect ancient relics in Hancheng district, meanwhile, to improve the present situation of manage and usage for the well of control fluorosis.The most efficient method to deal with a situation preventing drinking water fluorosis is altering water source in order that advance the work of control fluorosis.%[目的]了解西安市古汉城遗址区儿童地方性氟中毒现状,为饮水改造工程的实施提供科学依据.[方法]对古汉城遗址内11个村集中式饮用的井水用氟离子选择电极法对水氟含量进行测定,并用Dean氏法检查8~12岁儿童氟牙症患病情况.[结果]在汉城乡11个高氟村,检查8~12周岁儿童457人,检出氟牙症患者75人,检出率为16.4%,极轻患者57人(检出率为12.2%),轻度患者18人(检出率为3.9%),未见中度和重度氟牙症出现.[结论]古汉城遗址内8~12岁儿童氟牙症检出率16.4%.在保存古汉城遗址完整的同时,政府应加大力度进行饮水改造措施的实施,从根

  11. Analysis of the measles epidemic trend in Donghe district of Baotou city during year 1959-2008%1959~2008年包头市东河区麻疹流行趋势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳霞

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解1959~2008年东河区麻疹的流行趋势,全面掌握麻疹的流行动态,为制订消除麻疹策略提供科学依据。方法用回顾性调查的方法搜集了麻疹疫情报告资料并用Excel2003对数据进行统计处理。结果东河区麻疹的发病率、发病构成总体呈下降趋势,春季是发病的高峰期,发病年龄介于3个月~50岁之间,儿童发病数最多。结论加强对流动人口麻疹疫苗的常规接种,在特定人群中开展麻疹抗体检测,及时进行麻疹疫苗补种,防止出现麻疹疫情反弹。%Objective To understand the epidemic trend of measles in Donghe District during the year 1959 ~ 2008,to fully grasp the epidemic dynamics of measles,and provide scientific basis for developing measles elimination strategy. Methods We collect the data of measles report through a method of retrospective survey,using excell2003 for statistical data processing. Results The incidence rate of measles and the constituent ratio of Donghe District,were overall downward trend.Spring is the peak of the disease,the age of onset ranged from 3 months to 50 years old,childhood had the highest incidence of the disease. Conclusion To strengthen Routine vaccination of measles vaccine for floating population,to develop measles antibody detection in a specific population,timely replant measles vaccine to prevent measles outbreaks and rebound.

  12. Analysis on the Status and Dynamic Changes of Forest Resources in Yu'an District,Lu'an City%六安市裕安区森林资源现状与动态变化分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王升堂; 陈传胜; 黄敏; 倪建华

    2015-01-01

    利用裕安区2004年与2013年森林资源二类调查数据,分析了森林资源现状特点及十年间的变化。结果表明:全区林地比重较高,占土地总面积的36.31%,林地主要分布在南部低山和中部丘陵岗地地区,北部平原区相对较少;林种、龄组结构比较合理,树种结构有所改善。2004~2013年10年间林地面积、活立木蓄积、森林覆盖率和林木绿化率均实现了增长。裕安区实施生态公益林建设工程、森林增长工程、森林长廊工程取得显著成效,使森林资源快速增长,生态环境安全得到改善。%This paper analyzed the percent characteristics and developing changes of forest resources in Yu'an district according to the 2nd‐class inventory data of years in 2004 and 2013 .The results showed that percentage of the region's forest land was higher , accounting for 36 .31% of the total land area .The distribution of forest land was uneven .Forest land mainly distributed in low mountains located in the south and hilly region in the middle part .Forest resources were poor in the northern plain .The forest categories and age structure of forest were more reasonable and plant species slightly improved .The woodland area ,forest volume of stumpages ,the percentage of forest cover and greening rate achieved growth during 2004‐2013 .There was a rapid growth of forest resources and environmental security was significantly improved in Yu'an district with the implementation of ecological forest construction ,forest grow th projects ,forest corridor project .

  13. Survey on Status of Obesity Among Urban Pupils in Lengshuitan District of Yongzhou City%永州市冷水滩区城市小学生肥胖状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘明玲

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解冷水滩区城市小学生肥胖状况,分析其影响原因,制定干预措施.方法 采用整群随机抽样方法对学生健康体检资料进行性别、年龄肥胖发生状况的调查.结果 2010年调查9096名学生,肥胖检出率12.5%,其中男生20.1%、女生3.1%;2011年调查8766名学生,肥胖检出率13.7%,其中男生21.2%、女生3.9%,男生显著高于女生(P<0.01).结论 该区小学生男生肥胖检出率较高.应采用科学的、有针对性的、运用多种传播方式开展学校健康教育和健康促进活动,提高老师、家长和学生关于降低小学生肥胖发生率的健康素养.%Objective To investigate the status of obesity in urban primary school students of Lengshuitan District, to analyze the influencing factors, and to formulate intervention measures. Methods The objects were enrolled by cluster random sampling method. The obesity status of the pupils was surveyed through the data of the pupils' health examinations and was analyzed on gender and age basis. Results A total of 9,096 pupils were surveyed in 2010. The detection rate of obesity was 12.5%, 20.1% for boys and 3.1% for girls. A total of 8,766 pupils were surveyed in 2011. The detection rate of obesity was 13.7%, 21.2% for boys and 3.9% forgirls. The detection rate of obesity in boys was significantly higher than that in girls (P <0.01). Conclusions The detection rate of obesity in male pupils of Lengshuitan District is higher. Scientific and targeted health education and health promotion activities should be conducted in primary schools through a variety of communication methods so as to improve health literacy about reducing the incidence of obesity in teachers, parents and pupils.

  14. 遵义市红花岗区艾滋病疫情分析%An Analysis on Epidemic Situation of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome in Honghuagang District in Zunyi City and Adjustment of Its Prevention and Cure Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    明杰; 卢太书

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the epidemic status of acquired immune deficiency syndrome ( AIDS) in Honghuagang district, analyze the affecting factors, and so as to adjust prevention and cure strategies effectively. Methods: AIDS monitoring was carried out in high risk crowds such as drug users, sex workers, gay men, pregnant women and prisoners. Ethology data were analyzed. Prevention and cure effects were evaluated. Results: Since 2003 that the demonstration area of integrated AIDS prevention and control began to work, effectiveness of AIDS prevention and control has become remarkable in this region, showing as establishment of an effective working system, and gradual strengthening of intervention to behavior of high-risk groups. Conclusions: AIDS integrated prevention and control measures in Honghuagang district are suitable. The effects are significant. Reinforcing AIDS prevention and cure work among sex workers and gay men should be emphasized in adjusting of prevention and control strategies.%目的:了解艾滋病疫情现状,分析艾滋病流行因素,为有效调整艾滋病防治策略提供依据.方法:对吸毒人群、性服务者、男-男性行为人群、孕妇及在押人员等高危人群或重点人群作HIV监测,依据1998-2009年的调查资料和监测数据分析其行为学资料,评价防治效果.结果:1998-2003年报告5例艾滋病感染者,1998-2009年共感染123例,2009年艾滋病感染者52例;各类调查人群对艾滋病知晓率提高,性服务人群安全套使用率87.1%(2008年),2009年美沙酮治疗人数1 411人.结论:红花岗区艾滋病综合防治措施效果显著.

  15. Investigation and analysis on postpartum depression in Wanzhou district in Chongqing city%重庆市万州区产后抑郁症的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包彬; 殷俊峰; 刘恋

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To understand the prevalence and related influencing factors of po.stpartum deprcssion in parturient women in Wanzhou district. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted in 2 000 parturient women by general individual questionnaire and Edinburgh postnatal depression scale. Results: The incidence of postpartum depression in parturient women of Wanzhou district was 33. 93% , which was high in younger and rural parturient women; the incidence of postpartum depression was low in the parturient women whose age gap with their husbands was 5—10 years; pregnancy complications, low economic, income, nervous relationship with husbands and mothers — in — law, troubled sleep, and poor development of neonates were related to postpartum depression. Conclusion: The occurrence of postpartum depression is related to many factors, the psychosomatic status of pregnant women should he paid more attention to, measures should be taken timely for intervention and treatment.%目的:了解重庆市万州区产妇产后抑郁症的患病情况及可能的影响因素.方法:对2 000例产妇采用一般个人情况调查表及Edinburgh艾氏产后抑郁量表(EPDS)进行问卷调查.结果:万州区产妇产后抑郁症的患病率为33.93%,年龄较小的产妇、农村产妇患病率较高;与丈夫年龄差距在5~10岁者患病率较低;该次妊娠存在合并症、产妇经济收入较低、与丈夫和婆婆关系紧张、平时睡眠较差以及新生儿发育较差与产后抑郁症的发生有关.结论:产后抑郁症的发生与多种因素有关,医务人员及家属应关注孕产妇的身心状况,及早采取措施干预和治疗.

  16. Case Analysis of Food Hygiene Administration Punishment in Taijiang District Fuzhou City from 2006 to 2007%2006~2007年福州市台江区食品卫生行政处罚案例分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡建文; 黄芳

    2009-01-01

    [Objective]In order to know and analyze the problems lying in Taijiang District catering service,discuss the expcriences of hygiene law implementation and the clements which afffect hygiene practice , master the hygiene supervision's rules and key point, provide the basis for legislating policy in the future and establish valid hygiene implementation supervision system and improve hygiene administration supervision skills and levels, [Methods]Statistics and analysis are carried for food hygiene administration punishment to 126 accidents accursed in Taijiang District's catering service from 2006 to 2007. [Results]The higher irregularity rate mostly lies in production processing and catering industry. Among which violation of the eighth article of food health law occupies the biggest proportion(44.28%). And the second quarter is a peak season in which the cases take place(50. 79 %). In the aspect of supervision law enforcement,the punishment measures in the same case differ a lot. [Conclusion]Education on food hygiene law for food service employees must be strengthcned and training for hygiene law enforcement officials must be carried out to improve the law enforcement quality.%[目的]了解和分析台江区饮食服务行业存在的问题及原因,讨论卫生执法的经验及影响卫生执法的因素,掌握卫生监督工作的规律和监督重点,为今后制定政策方针提供依据及建立有效的卫生执法监督体系,提高卫生行政监管能力和水平.[方法]对台江区2006~2007年饮食服务行业的126起食品卫生行政处罚案例进行调查统计分析.[结果]违法发生率较高的主要是生产加工业及饮食业,违反第八条占比例最大(44.28%),第2季度是案例高发季节(50.79%);在监督执法方面,相同案例的处罚力度存在较大差别.[结论]建议加强对食品服务行业的从业人员进行教育,同时加强卫生执法人员的执法培训,提高执法质量.

  17. INSTANT CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans

    2013-01-01

    experiments are taking place in ‘the instant city’, and how can it be characterized? It also emphasizes the relation between city life, urban design, and the aesthetics of architecture and urban spaces. The question here is, in what way architecture and urban scenography are used as tools to support the goal...... of an experimental and social en- gaged city environment? The analysis shows that the specific city life at the instant city, Roskilde Festival, can be characterized by being ‘open minded’, ‘playful’ and ‘inclusive’, but also by ‘a culture of laughter’ that penetrates the aesthetics and the urban scenography.......This article analyses Roskilde Festival as an Instant City. For more than 40 years, Roskilde Festival has had many thousands participants for a weeklong festival on music, performances and cultural experiences in a layout designed as an urban environment. During the last ten years, in- creasing...

  18. From Zero Energy Buildings to Zero Energy Districts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Polly, Ben; Kutscher, Chuck; Macumber, Dan; Schott, Marjorie; Pless, Shanti; Livingood, Bill; Van Geet, Otto

    2016-08-26

    Some U.S. cities are planning advanced districts that have goals for zero energy, water, waste, and/or greenhouse gas emissions. From an energy perspective, zero energy districts present unique opportunities to cost-effectively achieve high levels of energy efficiency and renewable energy penetration across a collection of buildings that may be infeasible at the individual building scale. These high levels of performance are accomplished through district energy systems that harness renewable and wasted energy at large scales and flexible building loads that coordinate with variable renewable energy supply. Unfortunately, stakeholders face a lack of documented processes, tools, and best practices to assist them in achieving zero energy districts. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is partnering on two new district projects in Denver: the National Western Center and the Sun Valley Neighborhood. We are working closely with project stakeholders in their zero energy master planning efforts to develop the resources needed to resolve barriers and create replicable processes to support future zero energy district efforts across the United States. Initial results of these efforts include the identification and description of key zero energy district design principles (maximizing building efficiency, solar potential, renewable thermal energy, and load control), economic drivers, and master planning principles. The work has also resulted in NREL making initial enhancements to the U.S. Department of Energy's open source building energy modeling platform (OpenStudio and EnergyPlus) with the long-term goal of supporting the design and optimization of energy districts.

  19. 老工业基地的创意景观改造与城市记忆再生产--以沈阳铁西区的工业博物馆改建为中心%Creative Landscape Renovation of Old Industrial Bases and Preservation of City Memory---On Reconstruction of Industrial Museum at Tiexi District, Shenyang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘岩

    2015-01-01

    In the new century, the abandoned factories of the old industrial bases have been turned into some visual cultural landscapes and become the media of the historical memory of the reconstructed cities. This is a popular phenomenon, and the landscaping of old industrial sites accords with the particular local impetus, transformation mode and historical reappearance. Focusing on the reconstruction of an industrial museum at Tiexi District, Shenyang, this article makes an investigation into this popular cultural phenomenon, as well as the transformation of state-owned enterprises, city planning and other related aspects.%进入新世纪以来,作为所谓“文化创意产业”的一部分,老工业基地废弃的生产空间被改造为某种视觉文化景观,并充当重构城市历史记忆的媒介,已是相当普遍的现象。但在不同的城市,工业遗产的景观化又耦合着特定的本地动力、改造模式和历史再现逻辑。本文以沈阳铁西区的工业博物馆改建为中心,结合国企转型、城市规划等相关脉络,对这一具有普遍意义的文化现象进行了探究。

  20. Fiscal 1999 report on basic research for promotion of joint implementation programs. Feasibility study on energy saving and environmental improvement for Radom City district cogeneration station; 1999 nendo Radom shi chiiki netsuden heikyu station sho energy oyobi kankyo kaizen kanosei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Pursuant to the COP3 (Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) protocol, studies are conducted on a district cogeneration station for Radom City, Poland. Using the annual load pattern of heat supply, cogeneration will be built only for the amount that covers utilization factors not lower than a specified level, and the shortage in winter when the load is heavy due to demand for heat will be dealt with by the existing hot water boilers. Daily change in load is to be covered by a new, additional boiler which will bear 20% of the whole output. The system is a natural gas fired turbine cogenerator, and hot water is supplied by a waste heat recovery boiler. Cogeneration will cover 80% of the annual heat supply. As for heat supply capability, it is set at 72MWt with the additional boiler taken into account, and 35MWe is to be generated. Heat efficiency will increase to be higher than 80%, coal consumption will decrease, and 28,117 tons/year in terms of oil will be saved with the increase in natural gas consumption subtracted. CO2 reduction will also be as large as 206,000 tons/year, decreasing air pollutants. Provided that 4.336-billion yen for facilities are financed by Japan's environmental yen loan, Poland's National Fund, and Radom City's own fund, IRR (internal rate of return) on investment will be fairly good at 10% in 30 years of operation. Investment will be recovered in nine years and there is no problem in cash flow. (NEDO)

  1. Discussion on the Central Business District of a City Bus Priority Traffic Planning%城市中心商业区公交优先的交通规划的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘维彬; 祖宇聪

    2013-01-01

    bus priority is a system engineering, it relates to the transformation of city traffic development strategy and system of the existing mechanism of city planning, and the concept of people, and it is not just a bus and taxi in the way of use preference, but the vast majority of people in the priority traffic. The most important is, in the"three factors of human, vehicle, road traffic management", in the limited road conditions to solve the smooth road and vehicle growth problem, we should fol ow the principle of people-oriented, considering that most people travel convenience.%  公交优先是一个系统的工程,它涉及到城市总体规划、城市交通发展战略和现行的体制机制及人们观念的转变,而且它不仅仅是指公交车和出租车在路权使用上的优先,而是指绝大多数人在交通出行方面的优先。最重要的是,在“人、车、路”交通管理的三要素当中,要在有限的道路条件下解决好道路通畅和车辆增长的问题,我们要遵循以人为本的原则,考虑到多数人出行方便的情况。

  2. [Sustainable Strategies for Health Promotion in Urban Districts].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Große, J; Menkouo, C; Grande, G

    2015-09-01

    In a city district striving to sustainably develop into a healthy living environment for its residents, cooperation with locally active players as well as network management and the inclusion of citizens and local businesses as non-professional multipliers are particularly promising strategies for developing effective ways of promoting health and integrating them into existing structures in order to reach the target group.

  3. The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Fresno Unified School District. Grade 4, Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This one-page report presents overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, scores at selected percentiles, average scores for district and large cities, results for student groups (school race, gender, and eligibility for National School Lunch Program) in 2011, and score gaps for student groups. In 2011, the average…

  4. The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Houston Independent School District. Grade 8, Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This one-page report presents overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, scores at selected percentiles, average scores for district and large cities, results for student groups (school race, gender, and eligibility for National School Lunch Program) in 2011, and score gaps for student groups. In 2011, the average…

  5. The Nation's Report Card Reading 2011 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Houston Independent School District. Grade 8, Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This one-page report presents overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, scores at selected percentiles, average scores for district and large cities, results for student groups (school race, gender, and eligibility for National School Lunch Program) in 2011, and score gaps for student groups. In 2011, the average…

  6. The Nation's Report Card Reading 2011 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. School District of Philadelphia. Grade 8, Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This one-page report presents overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, scores at selected percentiles, average scores for district and large cities, results for student groups (school race, gender, and eligibility for National School Lunch Program) in 2011, and score gaps for student groups. In 2011, the average…

  7. The Nation's Report Card Reading 2011 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. School District of Philadelphia. Grade 4, Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This one-page report presents overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, scores at selected percentiles, average scores for district and large cities, results for student groups (school race, gender, and eligibility for National School Lunch Program) in 2011, and score gaps for student groups. In 2011, the average…

  8. The Nation's Report Card Reading 2011 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Fresno Unified School District. Grade 4, Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This one-page report presents overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, scores at selected percentiles, average scores for district and large cities, results for student groups (school race, gender, and eligibility for National School Lunch Program) in 2011, and score gaps for student groups. In 2011, the average…

  9. The Nation's Report Card Reading 2011 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Cleveland Metropolitan School District. Grade 4, Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This one-page report presents overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, scores at selected percentiles, average scores for district and large cities, results for student groups (school race, gender, and eligibility for National School Lunch Program) in 2011, and score gaps for student groups. In 2011, the average…

  10. The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Cleveland Metropolitan School District. Grade 4, Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This one-page report presents overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, scores at selected percentiles, average scores for district and large cities, results for student groups (school race, gender, and eligibility for National School Lunch Program) in 2011, and score gaps for student groups. In 2011, the average…

  11. The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. School District of Philadelphia. Grade 4, Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This one-page report presents overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, scores at selected percentiles, average scores for district and large cities, results for student groups (school race, gender, and eligibility for National School Lunch Program) in 2011, and score gaps for student groups. In 2011, the average…

  12. The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. Austin Independent School District. Grade 8, Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This one-page report presents overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, scores at selected percentiles, average scores for district and large cities, results for student groups (school race, gender, and eligibility for National School Lunch Program) in 2011, and score gaps for student groups. In 2011, the average…

  13. The Nation's Report Card Mathematics 2011 Trial Urban District Snapshot Report. School District of Philadelphia. Grade 8, Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Center for Education Statistics, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This one-page report presents overall results, achievement level percentages and average score results, scores at selected percentiles, average scores for district and large cities, results for student groups (school race, gender, and eligibility for National School Lunch Program) in 2011, and score gaps for student groups. In 2011, the average…

  14. Theoretical and Empirical Study on Urban Population Cawing Capacity: Case of Haidian District in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Lihua; Chen Gang; Xu Xiaoxin; Liu Huiwu

    2008-01-01

    The measurement of urban population carrying capac-ity is the basis for cities' sustainable development. However, the traditional study on population carrying capacity which was based on food supply is not applicable to the single urban area. This paper built a model for the analysis of urban carrying capacity, and took Haidian District in Beijing as an example to calculate the urban carrying capacity of Haidian District in the future, which was the basis for the improvement of the population carrying capacity. This study would also provide a reference to the meas-urement of the urban population carrying capacity for other cities and districts in China.

  15. District cool water distribution; Reseau urbain et distribution d`eau glacee

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schabaillie, D. [Ste Climespace (France)

    1997-12-31

    The city of Paris has developed several district cool water distribution networks (Climespace) for air conditioning purposes, one in the Halles district (central Paris) linked with the Louvre museum, one in the Opera district (with large department stores) and one in the east of paris (Bercy). Each of these networks has a cool water production plant, the one at the Halles producing also hot water and safety electric power. The characteristics of the equipment (heat pumps, refrigerating machinery, storage...) are described. The pipes are laid in the city sewage network, and the cool carrier is water. The various networks are centrally supervised at the Halles center

  16. 广州市白云区一起登革热局部爆发流行的新特点%New epidemiologic characteristics of a dengue fever outbreak in Baiyun district of Guangzhou city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶浩风; 周勇; 叶双岚; 庞志明; 陈英安; 张颖; 李钊宏; 周伟明

    2012-01-01

    Objective To analyze the new epidemic characteristics of the outbreak of dengue fever in Baiyun district in 2010 and to provide evidence for prevention and control measures. Methods A case-study was conducted based on patients notified by hospitals. ELISA method was used for detecting IgM/IgG anti-dengue virus antibodies. The density of mosquito larvae was measured with Breteau index (BI) and the cases were further identified at the epidemic spots. Results The epidemic period of dengue outbreak lasted 69 days. Most of the patients were living in suburb and downtown where the population was dense. Among the 19 patients, 8 are male and 11 are female. And the age was between 16 and 82. Most of the patients were at the middle-age and 8 patients (42.11%) were from 20 to 39 years old. The incidence rate of dengue fever was higher in the household workers, retired people and officers than others. There were 12 out of 19 patients with anti-dengue antibodies. The values of BI were between 5 and 41 in the epidemic district in September and October. Conclusion The new epidemic characteristics of this outbreak were the long epidemic period, covering a large area, and the continuous disease transmission.%目的 分析白云区2010年一起登革热爆发的流行病学新特点,为制定登革热预防控制措施提供科学依据.方法 对各医院报告的病例进行流行病学调查,采集病例血清以ELISA法进行登革热IgM/IgG抗体检测,使用布雷图指数(BI)进行蚊媒密度调查,在疫点周围开展病例搜索.结果 本次疫情流行历时69 d,从8月22日至10月29日.共发病19例,其中男8例,女11例;发病年龄最小16岁,最大82岁,以青壮年为主,20~39岁占42.11%.职业分布以家务待业、离退休人员、干部职工发病较高.19例病例主要分布在方圆500 m范围内,实验室确诊12例,检测结果显示,单份IgM阳性的6例,单份IgG抗体阳性的1例,IgM/IgG抗体双阳的有12例.9-10月以来BI持续超5,

  17. 广州市萝岗区幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染现状分析%The Prevalence of Pinworm Infection among Kindergarten Children in the Luogang District of Guangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张知光; 谢才文; 田志鹏; 唐薇

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解广州市萝岗区幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染现状和流行特征,为防治蛲虫病提供科学依据.方法 采用整群分层抽样方法,随机选择萝岗区城市地区幼儿园3所,农村地区幼儿园2所,按等比例分层抽样抽取大班、中班、小班的儿童(2~6岁)共597人,运用透明胶纸肛拭法进行蛲虫检查.结果 萝岗区幼儿园儿童蛲虫平均感染率为4.4%.农村幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染率为8.3%,较城市幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染率1.7%高(x2=15.25,P<0.05).流动人口儿童蛲虫感染率7.2%,较本地人口儿童蛲虫感染率1.9%高(x2=9.84,P<0.05).大、中、小班儿童蛲虫感染率分别为7.2%、1.7%、0.8%,差异有统计学意义(x2=11.03,P<0.05).而不同性别儿童蛲虫感染率差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 萝岗区农村地区、大班儿童、流动人口儿童蛲虫感染率较高,应采取针对性综合防控措施,降低蛲虫感染率.%Objective To investigate the infection status and epidemic features of pinworm among kindergarten of Luogang district and provide scientific basis for control enterobiasis. Method Stratified cluster sampling method was carried out to 597 kindergarten children in 2 rural and 3 urban kindergartens and detected by cellophane tape anal swab method. According to proportional stratified sampling method, the children (2 to 6 years old) were randomly selected from each kindergarten of low, medium and high grades. Results In Luogang district, the average pinworm infection rate of children was 4.4%. The rural children's infection rate was 8.3% , it was much higher than urban children (1.7%) (χ2 - 15. 25, P 0. 05) . Conclusions The pinworm infection rates of rural kindergarten children, migrant children and high grades children were high and comprehensive prevention and control measures should be implement to reduce the infection rate.

  18. 吕梁市离石区中小学校卫生监督监测结果分析%Supervision and monitoring result analysis of Lishi district small and medium-sized school of Lvliang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯根连; 李霞; 曹海燕

    2014-01-01

    ObjectiveTo the exact grasp health status in the development zone,safeguard learning and living environment health of students in Small and medium-sized school,to further promote about the school health work smoothly.MethodsSupervise monitoring about teaching building、facility、teaching environment、the students diet、drinking water and infectious disease management in public places,such as a number of health indicators,and according to the relevant health regulations and standards to evaluate.ResultsIn 2013,a total of supervision and monitoring of jurisdiction among primary school by 73,50 qualified schools,percent of pass is 68.49%,urban area percent of pass is 85.71%(24/28)of the school,qualified rate have significant difference;The percent of pass is 73.68%(14/19)of middle school,primary percent of pass is 66.67%(36/54).ConclusionLishi district in middle and primary school teaching environment health needs to be improved,health administrative departments should strengthen the propaganda of the health related laws and regulations of each school,to attract the education department and the school leader to health work,Increase investment in infrastructure,gradually improve operating conditions,to fulfill the requirements of relevant standards,In order to improve the health level of primary and middle schools in our district.%目的:掌握中小学校卫生现状,保障中小学校学生学习和生活环境卫生,进一步促进学校卫生工作的顺利开展。方法对我区中小学校的教学建筑、设备、教学环境、学生饮食、饮水以及公共场所传染病管理等多项卫生指标进行监督监测,并根据相关卫生法规及标准进行评价。结果2013年共监督监测辖区内中小学校73所,合格学校50所,合格率为68.49%,城区学校的合格率为85.71%(24/28),镇区学校的合格率为57.78%(26/45);中学的合格率为73.68%(14/19),小学的合格率为66.67%(36/54)。结论

  19. 驻马店市19952010年HIV/AIDS流行病学分析%Epidemiological study of HIV/AIDS in a city of Zhumadian district of Henan province, 1995-2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王复昆; 金霞; 韩娟; 赵刚; 汪宁

    2012-01-01

    目的 分析驻马店市艾滋病病毒(HIV)感染者/艾滋病病人(AIDS)的流行特征和变化趋势.方法 对该市1995-2010年上报的HIV/AIDS的流行病学调查资料进行分析.结果 该市累计报告HIV/AIDS 14 717例,其中AIDS病人9 779例,死亡3 809例.报告病例以人群集中筛查发现为主.感染途径以有偿供血为主,占68.7%,其中既往有偿供血人员比较集中的3个县HIV阳性人数占总数的72.1%;既往输血感染占14.9%;性接触感染占10.2%(主要是配偶间).2005年死亡人数最高,达648例,近几年病死率有下降趋势.结论 该市因既往不规范采供血造成HIV感染,目前已进入死亡高峰期,近年经性传播比例逐年上升,存在HIV向一般人群蔓延的危险.%Objective To analyze HIV/AIDS prevalence and epidemic trend in Zhumadian district of Henan province. Methods The reported 1995-2010 HIV/AIDS epidemiological data were used to analyze the prevalence and epidemic trend. Results A total of 14 717 HIV/AIDS cases were cumulatively reported in Zhumadian, among whom 9 779 were AIDS patients and 3 809 died. Most of the cases were identified via population-based concentration screening. The main route of HIV/AIDS transmission was through paid blood donations, accounting for 68. 7% of the total number of cases, while the HIV positive cases in the three counties with large number of paid blood donors accounted for 72. 1%. Rates of infection through previous blood transfusion and sexual transmission, were 14. 9% and 10. 2%, respectively. The highest number of death reached 648 in 2005 and the deaths tended to be decreasing in recent years. Conclusion Zhumadian district had high HIV infection via un-standardized blood collection, resulting in a death peak at present. Also, The rate of HIV infection via heterosexual transmission has increased in recent years, which poses a risk of HIV spread to the general population.

  20. 广州市越秀区一起家庭登革Ⅲ型病毒感染疫点调查%Survey of a focus of dengue virus Ⅲ infection in Yuexiu District of Guangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖晓玲; 湛柳华; 罗晓风; 罗雷; 曾维斌; 周德谦; 刘杰

    2011-01-01

    目的 通过对一起本地感染登革Ⅲ型病毒疫点调查与处理,为登革热疫情的现场调查和蚊媒控制提供参考.方法 对2009年8月广州市越秀区发生的一起感染登革Ⅲ型病毒疫情进行调查,采用酶联免疫吸附试验(ELISA)对病家成员和疫点周围人群进行登革热抗体检测,采用布雷图指数对蚊媒密度进行监测和评估,按照登革热疫点处理规范开展疫情控制.结果 现场调查和实验室检测确证矿泉街内发生一起1家3口同时感染登革Ⅲ型病毒的登革热疫情,病例均在1个潜伏期内发病,未出现二代病例,监测点蚊媒密度布雷图指数高达35.19,采取措施后,降低到5以下.结论 该疫点可能是由输入病例引起的一起本地感染登革Ⅲ型病毒的家庭聚集性疫情,采取以整治环境卫生、迅速杀灭成蚊、清理积水和隔离治疗病人等综合措施后,疫情在较短时间内得到有效控制.%Objective To survey an local dengue vius Ⅲ infection in a family of Yuexiu District. Methods The dengue fever cases with dengue virus Ⅲ occurred in a family of Yuexiu District were surveyed and antibody against dengue virus was detected with ELISA,the mosquito vectors were monitored and eva;luated with Breteau index,then adequate control measured were adopted. Results On-site survey and laboratory tetst proved that there was a dengue fever cases due to dengue virus Ⅲ infection in a family. Dengue fever attack occurred to all the cases within an incubation period and there no second-generation cases were detected. The Breteau index of mosquito vector in monitoring site was as high as 35.19 and reduced to below 5 after the integrated vector control measures were taken. Conclusion The dengue fever infectous focus was a local family cluser infection due to dengue virus Ⅲ infection of imported dengue fever cases. The infection was controlled in short time period after adopting integrated measures including

  1. Reason analysis and renovation plan design for the waterlogging in Hongyuan District in Dongguan City%东莞市宏远片区内涝原因分析及整治方案设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴斯文; 张建明; 涂青; 陆中华

    2012-01-01

    对广东东莞市宏远片区排水系统现状和内涝原因进行分析,提出了内涝整治方案,采用以下具体措施:建立雨水和污水分流制收集系统,其中雨水收集系统根据地势不同,以3.70m(1985高程)划分自排和强排范围,自排区域建设雨水系统,排至运河,原排水管作污水管;强排区域建设污水系统,原排水管作雨水管,排至现状泵站.同时对狭窄街巷敷设雨水边沟,对运河雨水排出口进行优化设计,改善水流条件,减少对河道的影响.%Analysis of the status of the drainage system and the reason of flood in Hongyuan District, Guangdong Dongguan, the flood control program was proposed and the measures as follows. The establishment of rainwater and sewage separate sewer system, including rainwater collection system based on different terrain with 3. 7 m (1985 elevation), the compelling and gravitational area, constructed rainwater drainage system discharge to the canal in gravitational drainage area and made the original drainage network as sewage system, constructed sewage system in compelling drainage area and made original drainage network as rainwater system discharge to pumping stations. At the same time, constructed drainage system by gutter on the narrow streets, optimized the design of rainwater outfall of the canal to improve the flow conditions and reduce the impact to the river.

  2. 厦门市海沧区妇幼中汉赛巴尔通体感染的血清学调查%Serological survey of Bartonella henselae infection in population of Haicang District,Xiamen city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚美琳; 叶曦

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解汉赛巴尔通体(Bartonella henselae)在厦门海沧区妇幼保健人群中的感染情况.方法 采用间接荧光抗体测定法(Indirect immunofluores cence test,IIFT)-滴定平板技术检测婚检人群147人(男50人,女97人),幼儿园教师78人,孕妇人群31人汉赛巴尔通体的IgG抗体.结果 共检测256份不同人群血清,检出IgG阳性14份,阳性率为5.47%.结论 汉赛巴尔通体感染存在于厦门海沧区人群中,建议在临床诊断中应引起临床医生的重视.%Objective To understand the infecious status of Bartonella henselae in maternal and child population in Haicang District, Xiamen. Methods Totally 256 serum samples were collected inclduing 147 women for marrital health checkup, 78 nursery teachers and 31 gravidae. IgG antibody to Bartonella henselae was detected by suing indirect immunofluorescence test (IIFT). Results Totally 256 serum samples were collected and detected and 14 serum samples were positive for Bartonella henselae with a positive rate of 5.47%. Conclusion There is Bartonella henselae infection in Haicang Diostrict and preventive and control measures be taken.

  3. Weed Shifts and Management Strategies in Lixiahe Region of Yandu District in Yancheng City%江苏省盐城市盐都区里下河地区草相演变与治理对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹方元; 仇学平; 成太祥

    2014-01-01

    Since the founding of new China ,weed populations in Lixiahe region of Yandu district have experienced four major shifts,with changes in the most prevalent weed species as expected .Potamogeton distinctus was the dominant weed in waterlogged fields .During the period of manual weeding of continuous transplanted rice and wheat cropping ,Echinoch-loa crusgalli,Bulbostylis barbata and Cyperus difformis were prevalent .With the change to chemical weeding and direct seeding in this cropping system,E.crusgalli,Leptochloa chinensis,Digitaria sanguinalis and weedy rice(Oryza sativa) be-came the most dominant weeds .At present,the main prevention and control strategies include the application of pre -e-mergence,post-emergence herbicides and manual weeding .%新中国成立以来,江苏省盐城市盐都区里下河区域草相发生4次大变更,主要恶性杂草变化明显。沤田以眼子菜为主;稻麦连作移栽田人工除草期有稗草、牛毛草、球花碱草等;稻麦连作移栽田化学除草期以稗草为主;稻麦连作直播田有稗草、千金子、马唐、杂草稻等。目前主要防控策略包括土壤封闭、茎叶处理、人工除草等,针对存在的问题提出对策。

  4. 基于上海市嘉定区交通事故的小偏置碰撞特征分析%Characteristic analysis of small overlap crash based on road trafifc accidents in Jiading district of Shanghai city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宏雁; 贾志功; 陈君毅; 何宇桐

    2014-01-01

    总结了小偏置碰撞在这些事故中的基本特征。从上海市嘉定区的交通事故统计集合中,采集了其中45辆小偏置事故车辆和车上57名前排乘员的信息,分析了事故的实际道路交通状况、车损情况、乘员伤情和运动响应4个方面。结果表明:87%的事故车辆并未明显侵入到座舱;88%的乘员未伤或轻伤;碰撞后车辆的爆胎和旋转响应对乘员伤情有显著影响。这可为将来制定与车辆小偏置碰撞相关的中国试验规范和中国评估标准提供数据支持。%The main characteristics of smal overlap crash were summarized with the trafifc accident data colected from the statistics in Jiading District of Shanghai. 45 vehicles in smal overlap crashes and 57 injured occupants in front-row seats were analyzed based on trafifc environments, vehicle damages, occupant injuries and motion responses. The results show that 87% of vehicle intrusions does not obviously come into driving space with 88% of occupants lightly injured or not injured, and with tire-punctures and vehicle-rotations obviously affecting occupant injuries after colisions. Therefore, these results provide support to the test speciifcations and the evaluation criteria for smal overlap crash in China.

  5. Iodine Salt Detection Results in Horqin District of Tongliao City during 2008-2010%2008-2010年通辽市科尔沁区碘盐检测结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧娟; 崔杰; 王忠慧; 王迪; 刘杨

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解通辽市科尔沁区居民碘盐食用情况,及时发现问题并采取相应的干预措施,以保证居民食碘盐的策略得到有效落实.方法 根据对居民户的食用碘盐进行随机抽查和结果判定.结果 2009-2010年,全区碘盐覆盖率、碘盐合格率和合格碘盐食用率均高于95%,2008年合格碘盐食用率低于90%.结论 2009-2010年,该区碘盐覆盖率、碘盐合格率和合格碘盐食用率均达到国家标准.%[Objective]To understand the iodized salt consumption among Horqin residents, and timely identify the problem and adopt appropriate intervention measures to ensure the effective implementation of iodized salt consumption strategy. [ Methods ] According to " National Iodine Salt Monitored Plan" random selective examination and result judgment on the iodine salt consumption were carried out among residents. [Results]During 2009 -2010, coverage of iodized salt, qualified rate of iodized salt and iodine salt consumption rate were all above 95%. The iodine salt consumption rate in 2008 was lower than 90% [ Conclusion] During 2009 -2010, coverage of iodized salt, qualified rate of iodized salt and iodine salt consumption rate of this district all met the national standards

  6. Analysis on the Determination Results of Preservative and Saccharin Sodium in Pickled Vegetable in Xuanwu District of Beijing City%北京市宣武区市售酱腌制蔬菜中防腐剂和糖精钠检测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玮; 张乔娜

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解宣武区市售酱腌制蔬菜中防腐剂及糖精钠的使用情况.方法样品经水浸泡,超声提取处理后,采用高效液相色谱法测定山梨酸、苯甲酸、糖精钠.结果56份样品合格率为92.8%,其中山梨酸合格率为100%,苯甲酸合格率为96.4%,糖精钠合格率为98.2%.结论宣武区市售酱腌制蔬菜中防腐剂及糖精钠含量基本符合国家标准,卫生质量较好.%[Objective] To survey preservative and saccharin sodium in pickled vegetable in Xuanwu District of Beijing City. [ Meth-ods] After soaked by water, the samples were extracted though ultrasonic waves, Benzoic acid, Sorbic acid and Saccharin Sodium were determined by HPLC. [ Results ] The qualified rate of 56 samples was 92. 8%. The qualified rate of sorbic acid, benzoic acid and saccharin sodium was 100% , 96.4% , and 98.2% , respectively. [ Conclusion] The contents of preservative and saccharin sodi-um in pickled vegetable are basically in line with the national standards. The sanitary quality of pickled vegetable is safety.

  7. On Sustainable Management Strategy of Suburban Forest Farm--A Case Study of Forest Farm in Lishui District of Nanjing City%城市近郊森林可持续经营战略研究--以南京市溧水区林场为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈焕娣; 刁娇娇

    2014-01-01

    The research of forest sustainable management is one of the focuses of forestry economy and forest management study, while there are few researches concerning the sustainable management of suburban state⁃owned forest farm. Taking the forest farm in Lishui District of Nanjing City as a case study, this paper analyzes the location advantages and the current status of forest resources and suggests approaches to urban forest conservation:strengthening the scientific management, deepening the reform, enhancing the team building and the information technology. The research is expected to provide scientific basis for the sustainable development of urban forest.%森林可持续经营研究是目前我国林业经济和森林经营研究的重点之一,而城市近郊的国营林场可持续经营研究却较少。以南京市溧水区林场为例,通过分析其区位优势及森林资源现状等,提出了城市森林的森林资源保护,加强科学经营,不断深化改革,加强队伍建设,强化信息技术力量等可持续经营战略,以期为城市森林的可持续发展提供科学依据。

  8. Investigation and Control Measures of Landscape Plants Diseases and Insect Pests in Echeng Dis-trict of Ezhou City%鄂州市鄂城区园林植物病虫害调查及防治措施探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左阳

    2014-01-01

    针对当前鄂州市鄂城区园林绿化的现状,调查了鄂城区150多种常见树种病虫害发生情况,如香樟、法国梧桐、广玉兰、栾树、合欢、垂柳、银杏、桂花、法国冬青、红继木、雪松、大叶黄杨、小叶女贞、梅花、碧桃、垂柳等,并提出了相应的防治措施,以供园林绿化工作者参考。%In order to understand the current institution of disease and pest in Echeng District of Ezhou city,about 150 comon plants were on the survey,Such as Camphor,plane trees,magnolia,Magnolia class,Lu-an tree,acacia,willow,ginkgo,osmanthus,France holly,red wood,cedar,euonymus,privet,plum,Tau,willows, etc,and appropriate control measures were proposed for the reference to the Landscaping workers.

  9. 铁肩担道义——《湖南省县(市、区)公共图书馆服务公约》解读%Understanding The Service Pledge of County ( City, District ) Public Library of Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖希明

    2011-01-01

    The Service Pledge of County ( City, District ) Public Library of Hunan Province is declaration issued by director of the grass- roots public library facing "open to public free of charge", the new development environment and opportunities. It reflects advanced concepts of librarians of the grass - roots public library , demonstrates the solemn commitment of the grass - roots public library to society and expresses the brave spirit of librarians of the grass - roots public library.%《湖南省县(市、区)公共图书馆服务公约》是基层公共图书馆馆长面临“免费开放”这一新的发展环境和机遇而发表的宣言,它体现了基层图书馆人先进的理念,昭示了基层图书馆对社会的庄严承诺,表达了基层图书馆人勇敢担当的精神。

  10. 烟台市牟平区某金矿地面塌陷特征及防治对策研究%Study on the Characteristics of a Gold Ore Surface Collapse in Muping District of Yantai City and Some Prevention Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟盼盼; 王经; 吕宝平; 赵菲

    2015-01-01

    The article introduces the basic characteristics and geological environmental conditions of surface collapse of a gold ore in Muping District of Yantai city as well as analyzes the controlling factors of the surface collapse.Then the article predicts its development tendency and proposes the corresponding countermeasures according to the characteristics of surface collapse.T his article introduces the basic methods of investigating and analyzing the mining collapse and proves that the surface collapse caused by mining is closely related to the geological environmental conditions.%介绍了烟台市牟平区某金矿地面塌陷的基本特征和地质环境条件 ,分析了该地面塌陷的控制因素 ,预测了其发展趋势 ,并根据地面塌陷特征提出了相应的防治对策.说明了调查分析采空塌陷的基本方法及采矿所引起的地面塌陷与地质环境条件有着密切关系.

  11. 城市河道游憩空间规划建设探讨--以安康市汉滨区汉江为例%Discussion of Planning and Construction of Urban River Recreation Space -- Taking Han River in Hanbin District in Ankang City as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘熹熹; 刘剑; 吴瑾

    2014-01-01

    With the development of the level of urbanization and the raise of the new urbanization strategy, constructing a friendly urban living environment wil be the key content of urban construction in the future. Taking planning and cons- truction of recreation space along Han River in Hanbin district in Ankang city as an example, the paper analyzes the content, the planning and design of the development of urban river re- creation space.%随着我国城市化水平的提高以及新型城镇化战略的提出,建设友好的城镇人居环境将是今后城镇建设的重点内容。文章以安康市汉滨区汉江河道游憩空间规划建设为例,分析了城市河道游憩空间的开发的内容和规划设计。

  12. 中小企业知识产权工作现状及对策研究--以盐城市盐都区为例%Study on the Current Work Status and Corresponding Solutions of Intellectual Property in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises:Taking an Example as YanDu District,YanCheng City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈加强

    2015-01-01

    中小企业是市场经济的主体,也是自主创新的主体,更是知识产权创造、管理、保护和运用的主体。推进中小企业知识产权发展,必须找准企业知识产权工作中存在的问题,并采取相应对策措施。文章以盐城市盐都区为例,集中探索了中小企业知识产权工作现状,分析了存在的问题,提出了中小企业知识产权发展之对策。%Small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) is not only the main body of market economy and the main body of self-dependent innovation,but also the subject of Creation, management, protection and use of intellectual property. To promote the development of intellectual property of SMEs ,we must find out the problems existing in the work of intellectual property of enterprise and then take corresponding measures.Focused on exploring the current work status of intellectual property in SMEs in YanDu district,YanCheng city,this paper mainly analyzes the existing problems and puts forward solutions for the development of intellectual property of SMEs.

  13. Epidemiological Feature Analysis of Adult Metabolic Syndrome in Yunyan District of Guiyang City%贵阳市云岩区成人代谢综合征的流行病学特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘春柳; 张威; 李鹏华; 吴雅冬; 张江萍

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解贵阳市云岩区成人代谢综合征( MS)的患病率及流行病学特征,为重点人群MS预防和干预工作提供依据。方法:利用云岩区居民营养与健康状况调查中905名成人有关信息进行分析,按《中国成人血脂异常防治指南》中MS诊断标准进行诊断,分析该地区成人MS患病率及MS组分异常情况。结果:受检人群MS患病率为20.0%,男、女MS患病率分别为22.4%、18.3%,未婚、有配偶、离异及丧偶成人的MS患病率分别为11.9%、19.8%、25.0%、25.8%,小学及以下、初中、高中或职高、大专及以上 MS 患病率分别为25.6%、18.4%、17.6%、16.7%,差异均无统计学意义( P>0.05);≥60岁组MS患病率最高(38.7%),汉族(21.6%)高于其他少数民族(8.3%),离退休人员(35.6%)高于其他职业人群(17.3%),人均年收入<15000元人群(21.9%)MS发病率高于年收入>15000元人群(11.3%),差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);181名MS患者中,单项组分异常检出率由高到低依次为总胆固醇( TG)、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇( HDL-C)、血压、腰围、血糖。结论:MS已成为危害云岩区居民,特别是年龄≥60岁老年人健康与生命的重大公共卫生问题,对重点人群应加强健康教育干预,使其改变膳食结构,加强体育锻炼,达到控制血脂、血压及血糖,降低心脑血管疾病发生的目的。%Objective:To investigate prevalence rate and epidemiological feature of metabolism syn-drome( MS)in Yunyan district of Guiyang,and provide the basis for prevention and intervention for target group. Methods:The data were collected from Yunyan District Nutrition and Health Survey on 905 adults. Diagnostic criteria for the metabolic syndrome was based on Chinese Adult Dyslipidemia Prevention Guide,which was utilized to analyze the metabolic syndrome and the prevalence

  14. 佛山市某城区饮用水重金属健康危害风险初步评估%Health risk assessment of heavy metals in drinking water in a certain district of Foshan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尤汉虎; 庞智锋; 梁雅慧; 林仰锋

    2011-01-01

    Objective To monitor the levels of heavy metals in drinking water in a certain district of Foshan and evaluate the health risks. Methods Five or six urban drinking water monitoring points were selected from three waterworks in a district in Foshan. Drinking water samples were collected from above points in April and November 2010, respectively, to test the contents of heavy metals including arsenic, antimony, cadmium, chromium (VI), beryllium, lead, mercury, selenium, nickel, thallium, aluminum, iron, manganese, copper, and zinc. The contents were evaluated according to the Standard for Drinking Water Quality (GB 5749 -2006) and calculated for cancer risk and hazard index according to health risk assessment models recommended by the United States Environmental Protection Agency ( US EPA). Results In all 11 water samples, 14 heavy metals except beryllium were detected out, but their contents were from 1.42 x 10-5 mg/L to 8. 00× 10 -2 mg/L, lower than the value of Standard for Drinking Water Quality ( GB 5749 - 2006). Total and particular carcinogenic risk of chromium (VI), arsenic, and cadmium were 4.66 × 10-5 a-1, 3.50×l0-5a-1, 1.14×10-5a-1, and 1.59×10-7 a-1, respectively. In 13 heavy metals except beryllium and iron, total noncarcinogenic risk was 1.41 x 10-7 a-1 and particular non-carcinogenic risks were from 3.97 × 10 -12 a-1 to 9.26 × 10-8. The hazard indices (HI) of aluminum and zinc were 6.76 and 2.82, respectively, while the HI of other heavy metals were lower than 1. Conclusion The contents of heavy metals in drinking water in a certain district in Foshan met the Standard for Drinking Water Quality, but there has been a certain health risk due to the annual average integrated carcinogen-ic risk of particular heavy metals approaching to the maximum acceptable level recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). Compared with carcinogenic risk, the annual average noncarcinogenic risk of detected heavy metals was lower

  15. 成都市金牛区2014年艾滋病疫情分析%Analysis on AIDS epidemic situation in Jinniu district of Chengdu city during 2014

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙敏; 张冉; 卢秀琼; 傅育嵩; 于彤; 毛丹梅

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand the epidemic situation of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in Jinniu district and to take the measures to effectively control the spread of the epidemic situation. Methods The Excel 2010 software and SPSS20.0 statistical software were adopted to analyze the three-dimension(time,area and group) distribution,transmission route,sample source and mobility situation of HIV/AIDS in Jinniu district during 2014. Results The reported and survival pa-tient with HIV/AIDS were mainly young men aged 20-<50 years old,the occupation distribution were mainly housekeeping, housework and job-waiting people,the transmission route was mainly through sexual transmission,the samples were mainly de rived from hospital detection. 266 cases of HIV/AIDS were newly found in 2014,among them 88 cases(33.08%) were AIDS,the male to female ratio was 8.85∶1,which was increased by 9.02%compared with the same period last year. 1 131 cases of HIV/AIDS were survival in 2014,450 cases of them(39.79%) were AIDS,the male to female ratio was 7.83∶1,most of them lived in the urban area. 92.04%(1 041/1 131) of patients were infected by sexual transmission,in which the heterosexual sexual transmission accounted for 46.51%(526/1 131) and male same-sex sexual transmission accounted for 45.53%(515/1 131). Conclusion The growth rate of reported cases in Jinniu district trends to flat,the sexual contact is a main transmission route,the male young adults are predominant,the proportion of male same-sex sexual transmission is significantly increased in recent years. The medical insti-tutions have become the main discovery window. AIDS is spread from the high risk groups to general population.%目的:掌握成都市金牛区艾滋病即获得性免疫缺陷综合征(AIDS)的流行现状,采取措施有效控制疫情扩散。方法采用Excel 2010软件和SPSS20.0统计软件分析2014年该区人类免疫缺陷病毒(HIV)/AIDS病例三间(时间、地区、人群

  16. 深圳市宝安区1998~2010年孕产妇死亡率的变化趋势及死亡特征分析%Analysis on the trend and death characteristics of maternal mortality rate in Bao'an district of Shenzhen city from 1998 to 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶彩云; 王维; 温瑞英; 李建梅

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To analyze the trend and death characteristics of the maternal mortality rate in Baoan district of Shenzhen city from 1998 to 2010, and to provide evidence for reducing the mortality. Methods: A retrospective investigation was used to collect the information of 161 maternal deaths from 1998 to 2010 in Baoan district of Shenzhen city. Results: The maternal mortality rate was reduced from 96.8 per 100,000 in 1998 to 11.9 per 100.100 in 2010: the annual average mortality rate was 37.1 per 100 000 in 13 years and the mortality rate had been decreased year by year ( x2=56.24,P=0.000). The data showed that the main causes of death were obstetric hemorrhage (24.2%), amniotic fluid embolus (23.0%), pregnant women complicated with medical disorders (13.0%). The maternal mortality rate was primarily affected by giving birth at home (OR=30.57. 7.60-122.93), giving birth at a private clinic (OR=27.66. 6.10-125.36) and the age of pregnant women was over 19 years (OR=22.65. 4.76-107.79). Conclusion: The maternal mortality rate in Baoan district has been effectively controlled. The important future task for MCH is to continue working to carry out the project of "reducing and clear ring up", and to strengthen the management of the floating population maternal.%目的:分析深圳市宝安区1998~2010年孕产妇死亡率的变化趋势及死亡特征,为进一步降低孕产妇死亡率提供依据.方法:对深圳市宝安区1998~2010年的161例死亡孕产妇监测资料进行回顾性调查,分析孕产妇死亡率的变化及死亡特征.结果:孕产妇死亡率从1998年的96.8/10万下降到2010年的11.9/10万,13年平均孕产妇死亡率为37.1/10万,呈逐年下降趋势(χ2=56.24,P=0.000).死亡的主要原因为产科出血(24.2%)、羊水栓塞(23.0%)、妊娠合并内科疾病(13.0%)等.家中分娩、私人诊所分娩及孕产妇年龄≤19岁与孕产妇死亡存在强相关性,OR值分别为30.57(7.60~122.93)、27.66(6.10~125.36)及22

  17. City Streets

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This data set contains roadway centerlines for city streets found on the USGS 1:24,000 mapping series. In some areas, these roadways are current through the 2000...

  18. Acute admissions to medical departments. A comparison between an urban and a rural district

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilsted, J C; Evald, T; Elbrønd, R;

    1995-01-01

    To compare hospitalization into medical departments, acute admissions into a city hospital and into a district hospital were compared prospectively over a two-week period. Patients referred to the city hospital were on average older, were more frequently living alone and they had a greater amount...

  19. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herbelin, Bruno; Lasserre, Sebastien; Ciger, Jan

    2008-01-01

    Flying Cities is an artistic installation which generates imaginary cities from the speech of its visitors. Thanks to an original interactive process analyzing people's vocal input to create 3D graphics, a tangible correspondence between speech and visuals opens new possibilities of interaction. ...... and a potential application. We believe that it could become a new medium for creativity, and a way to visually perceive a vocal performance in the context of the rehabilitation of people with reduced mobility or language impairments....

  20. Model cities

    OpenAIRE

    Batty, M.

    2007-01-01

    The term ?model? is now central to our thinking about how weunderstand and design cities. We suggest a variety of ways inwhich we use ?models?, linking these ideas to Abercrombie?sexposition of Town and Country Planning which represented thestate of the art fifty years ago. Here we focus on using models asphysical representations of the city, tracing the development ofsymbolic models where the focus is on simulating how functiongenerates form, to iconic models where the focus is on representi...

  1. Agriculture district financing mode research based on Chendu rural city%基于成都田园城市的农村地区理财方式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾明东

    2012-01-01

    In the construction of Chengdu"world modern garden city"of the process,the rural residents walk in the way of the urbanization,their assets structure changes,their important goal is to realize the value of the assets.In the policy's support,in financial institutions with,if they can reasonable choice bank deposit,investment funds,securities investment and investment tools,to enhance the agricultural production technology level,so they can achieve asset management goal,realize the harmonious development between city and countryside.%在成都建设"世界现代田园城市"的过程中,农村居民走在城市化的道路上,他们的资产结构发生了变化,他们的重要目标是实现资产的保值增值。在政策的支持下,在金融机构的配合下,如果他们能够合理选择银行存款、基金投资、证券投资等投资工具,提高农业生产技术水平,那么他们就能够达到资产管理目标,实现城乡和谐发展。

  2. Discussion on Landscape Design of Modern Residential District of the City%现代城市住宅小区的园林景观设计探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭艳

    2014-01-01

    现今,我国小区园林的发展有了飞速的提高,建设成果也十分显著,可是相当一部分的设计还只是一味的堆叠花草树木,而制约了小区景观设计的体现。笔者结合实践经验,对现代城市住宅小区园林景观设计进行了相关的探讨。%Nowadays, the development of residential landsc-ape in China has increased rapidly and the construction results are very significant, but the design of quite a part is also just a stack of flowers and trees which has restricted the embodiment of residential landscape design. The author combined the pra-ctical experience, studied residential landscape design in mod-ern city.

  3. 2011年北京市怀柔区农村环境卫生现状调查%Present situation investigation on rural sanitation in Huairou District of Beijing City in 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李馥程; 孙继东; 赵艳华; 坑斌; 周红艳; 李宏刚; 孟晓娟

    2012-01-01

    目的 掌握怀柔区农村环境卫生健康危害因素水平,客观评价农村环境卫生状况,为制定政策措施提供依据和支持.方法 由经过严格专业培训的调查人员对调查点及调查户进行填表式问卷调查,同时采集每个调查点村中农田土壤1份,进行土壤卫生检测.结果 56%的农村居民户将垃圾丢在箱(池)中;79%农村户的家庭污水是通过管道排放的.22%的家庭厨房内发现苍蝇.房屋周围的病媒生物孳生地最多的是柴草垛和垃圾投放点.结论 应建立农村环境卫生管理长效机制,加强对农村居民健康教育的宣传,把农村环境卫生监测当作长期的、经常的、持久的系统工程来作.%[Objective]To understand the health hazards levels in rural environment in Huairou District, to objectively evaluate the sanitation situation in rural areas, and provide basis and support for developing policies and measures. [Methods]The questionnaire survey was utilized by trained investigator for survey on survey points and households, and 1 sample of farmland soil was collected in each investigated village for sanitary detection. [ Results] It was found that 56% rural residents dropped the garbage in the ash cart, and 79 % of them discharged sewage through the tunnel, and fly was found in the kitchen of 22% rural family. And it was also found that the places in which biological vector breeding were haystacks and ash carts. [ Conclusion]It is necessary to establish long term rural sanitation management, to strengthen the publicity of the health education among rural residents, and take the monitoring of rural sanitation as long term, regular and lasting systematic engineering.

  4. Analysis of HIV voluntary counseling and testing population in Guangling district of Yangzhou City in 2013%2013年扬州市广陵区艾滋病自愿咨询检测人群现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程明; 张有江; 孙丽

    2014-01-01

    Objective To understand the AIDS voluntary counseling and testing in Guangling district(VCT) population status. Methods Descriptive epidemiological method, voluntary counseling and testing information on 2013 outpatient analysis. Results VCT outpatient reception 53.66% counseling and testing were male, 48.77% age distribution in 40~59 years, 56.10%has a middle school or junior high school(secondary) education, 68.29%of married people, seeking reasons for homosexual contact history accounted for 43.90%, followed by the spouse/partner HIV positive, 2 cases were detected with HIV infection, 5 cases infected with syphilis. Conclusion VCT is an effective measure for detection and prevention of AIDS,to expand the scope of testing services, strengthen high-risk groups for publicity and education work,as soon as possible, as soon as possible to find the infection, minimizing the spread of HIV.%目的:了解艾滋病自愿咨询检测(VCT)人群现状。方法采取描述性流行病方法,对2013年门诊接受自愿咨询检测者的相关资料进行分析。结果 VCT门诊接待咨询检测中53.66%为男性,48.77%年龄分布在40岁~59岁,56.10%具有初中或者高中(中专)学历,68.29%是已婚人群。求询原因为有同性性接触史者占43.90%,其次为配偶/固定性伴侣人类免疫缺陷病毒(HIV)阳性者,检测出2例HIV感染者,5例梅毒感染者。结论 VCT是发现和预防艾滋病的一种有效措施,应扩大检测服务范围,加强对高危人群宣传教育工作,以尽早、尽快发现感染者,最大限度地减少HIV的传播。

  5. 上海市嘉定区集体单位流感样病例监测分析%Monitoring and analysis on influenza -like illness in collective units in Jiading District of Shanghai City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈冬华; 钱杰; 姜欣志; 张涛; 沈永; 张欣; 朱也凡; 钟培松

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the prevalence tendency of influenza like illness (ILI) in schools, kindergartens , geracomiums and other collective units in Jiading District, promptly find the influenza aggregation or epidemics, and provide scientific basis for marking and improving influenza monitoring system. Method Descriptively analyze the monitoring data of ILI from 94 schools, 64 kindergartens and 24 geracomiums from September, 2009 to March, 2010. Results Schools reported that ILI was stable at a high level between the 37th week and 40th week, and then dropped drastically. Then it slowly increased to the peak at the 47th week, fell to zero at the 4th week of the next year, and at last slowly rose at the 6th week. The prevalence of ILI in kindergartens was basically consistent with that in schools, but the peak time delayed about 2 weeks. No ILI was reported in geracomiums. Conclusion Syndromic monitoring in collective units could timely detect the outbreak of influenza and help control the epidemic situation in the bud.%目的 了解嘉定区学校、幼托机构、养老院等集体单位流感样病例(ILI)流行趋势,及时发现流感聚集性/暴发疫情,为制订和完善流感监测系统提供科学依据.方法 描述性分析94家学校、64家托幼机构和24家养老机构在2009年9月~ 2010年3月ILI监测数据.结果 学校报告ILI在37 ~40周平稳在较高水平,而后出现骤降,随后缓慢增加,至47周达峰值,紧接着又不断下降,到次年4周为0,6周出现缓慢回升;托幼机构ILI流行趋势与学校基本一致,但峰值出现时间较学校推迟2周左右;养老机构无ILI报告.结论 集体单位症状监测能及时发现流感暴发苗子,有助于将疫情控制在萌芽状态.

  6. 天津市某区直机关人员高脂血症现状探讨%Study on hyperlipidemia status of a district departments staff in Tianjin City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔晓鸣

    2016-01-01

    Objective The study focused on the civil servant ' s hyperlipidemia problems and related influencing factors to lifestyle behaviors, compared their differences in gender and age. Methods According to the principle of cluster sampling, based on the physical examination data of the whole staff of a district organization in 2005, based on the self-designed " departments of the staff health status questionnaire"investigation, combined with physical examination and survey results, we conducted a logistic regression analysis. Results In the detection of the disease, dyslipidemia ranked the first. The prevalence of dyslipidemia in different age and gender differences were statistically significant. Conclusions Gender, age, overweight and obesity, diet and exercise are the risk factors of hyperlipidemia.%目的:了解天津市某区直机关工作人员的高脂血症患病情况,比较其不同性别、年龄间的患病差异,探讨生活方式等影响因素与高脂血症发生的关系。方法依据整群抽样的原则,以某区直机关的全体工作人员2015年的体检资料为基础,依据自行设计的«区直机关工作人员健康状况问卷»进行调查,结合体检及调查结果进行logistic回归分析。结果检出疾病中,血脂异常位列第一。血脂异常患病率在不同年龄、性别中的差异均具有统计学意义。结论性别、年龄、超重和肥胖、饮食习惯及运动少是高脂血症的危害因素。

  7. 宁波市海曙区婴幼儿先天性心脏病监测与随访%Monitoring and follow-up of infants with congenital heart disease in Haishu district of Ningbo city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静波

    2012-01-01

    [目的]监测婴幼儿先天性心脏病(先心病)的发病情况和预后,为幼儿先心病的保健管理提供资料.[方法]2008-2010年在宁波市海曙区出生的足月活产儿8 259例中,经心脏彩超确诊为先天性心脏病的婴幼儿221例进行定期随访跟踪. [结果]婴幼儿先心发病率居前4位的分别为室间隔缺损(占24.89%),卵圆孔未闭(占22.62%),房间隔缺损合并动脉导管未闭(占13.57%),动脉导管未闭合并卵圆孔未闭(占13.57%);221例先心病患儿均在1岁前确诊. [结论]先天性心脏病是我国重要的公共卫生问题之一,开展对先天性心脏病的监测和随访,提高先天性心脏病婴幼儿的生活质量.%[Objective]To investigate the incidence and prognosis of infants with congenital heart disease (CHD). [Methods] There were 8 259 cases about the young children who were full-term live births born in Ningbo Haishu district From 2008 to 2010. 221 cases were diagnosed by echocardiography in infants with congenital heart disease,they were regular follow-up tracked. [Results] The incidence of infants with congenital heart among the top four respectively were the ventricular septal defect,(accounting for 24. 89%),patent foramen ovale (accounting for 22. 62%) .atrial septal defect with patent ductus arteriosus (accounting for 13. 57%) .arterial ductus closure and patent foramen ovale (accounting for 13. 57%) ; 221 cases of congenital heart disease were diagnosed before their first birthday. [Conclusion] Congenital heart disease is an important public health problems,carry out monitoring and follow-up congenital heart disease,could improve quality of life of infants and young children.

  8. Driving Mechanism of Rural Residential Area Change in Banan District of Chongqing City%重庆市巴南区农村居民点用地变化的驱动机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    昌龙然; 刘勇; 刘秀华; 谢德体; 骆云中; 白祯

    2012-01-01

    为揭示农村居民点用地变化驱动机制,为政府决策提供科学依据,以西南丘陵地区为研究对象,利用Logistic回归模型和多元线性回归模型对巴南区农户居民点用地变化进行了相关分析.结果表明:显著影响农户“是否新辟地基建房”的因素包括:“风水”心理、自然灾害、宅基地来源和交通条件;显著影响农户“新辟地基建房占地面积”的因素包括:家庭常住人口数量、宅基地来源、农村税费改革、农村宅基地政策法规的认知.对两者影响最显著的都为宅基地来源因素.由此可见,荒地或闲置用地为新辟地基建房的主要用地来源,且相对其他用地来源建房占地面积较大.因此,在保护耕地不被占用的同时,政府应控制荒地或闲置用地建房超占现象,从而保护潜在的耕地来源.%In order to reveal driving mechanism of rural residential area change, providing scientific basis for government decision, Logistic Regression model and Multiple linear regression model were used to analyze rural residential area change in Banana District of Chongqing. The results showed that significant influences on new land building were superstition psychology, natural disaster, residential land sources, traffic condition and significant influences on new land building areas were resident population scale, residential land sources, the reform of rural taxes and fees, the cognition of residential land sources policy. The residential land sources were the most significant influence on both of them. Most of the new building lands were from idle lands, so the government should control idle lands use to protect the potential of cultivated lands.

  9. NM Property Tax Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This layer represents boundaries for New Mexico tax district "OUT" categories and incorporated/municipal "IN" categories as identified on the "Certificate of Tax...

  10. Municipal League Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset contains boundaries for the Municipal League Districts in New Mexico. It is a vector digital data structure at a scale of 1:100,000.

  11. NM School District Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The dataset represents the boundaries of all public school districts in the state of New Mexico. The source for the data layer is the New Mexico Public Education...

  12. Groundwater Managment Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Kansas Data Access and Support Center — This dataset outlines the location of the five Groundwater Management Districts in Kansas. GMDs are locally formed and elected boards for regional groundwater...

  13. ACT250 Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — The ACT 250 Districts layer is part of a larger dataset that contains administrative boundaries for Vermont's Agency of Natural Resources. The dataset includes...

  14. Solid Waste Management Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — The Solid waste management districts layer is part of a dataset that contains administrative boundaries for Vermont's Agency of Natural Resources. This dataset...

  15. 太原市小店区生活饮用水微生物检测结果分析%Analysis of Microorganism Test Results of Drinking Water in Xiaodian District of Taiyuan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩晓晗

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the contamination status of microorganism in drinking water in Xiaodian Dis-trict to provide a reference basis for the improvement of the quality of drinking water. Method:According to the relevant standards and test methods,microbiological indicator in Urban and rural drinking water of Xiaodian District were sam-pled and evaluated. Result:The difference of qualified rate of domestic drinking water between the urban and rural are-as was statistically significant(χ2 =69 . 8 ,P<0 . 05 );there were the statistically significant differences of the qualified rate of microbiological indicator in domestic drinking water in a year(χ2 =15 . 2 ,P<0 . 05 );the highest qualified rate of microbiological indicator was Escherichia coli in the area and the lowest qualified rate of microbiological indicator was coliform. there was the statistically significant difference(χ2 =9. 38,P<0. 05);Among them,in the Urban drinking water,the highest qualified rate of microbiological indicator was Escherichia coli and the lowest qualified rate of microbi-ological indicator was aerobic bacterial count. There was statistically significant the difference(χ2 =12. 97,P<0. 05);In the rural drinking water,the highest qualified rate of microbiological indicator was Escherichia coli and the lowest qualified rate of microbiological indicator was coliform. There was the statistically significant difference(χ2 =88. 53, P<0 . 001 ). Conclusion:Based on the fact that the qualified rate of microbiological indicator in Urban drinking water is higher than the rural,the qualified rate of microbiological indicator of drinking water in the spring and winter is higher than that in the summer and autumn,the related measures should be taken to improve the quality of drinking water safety in different areas,especially in rural areas,for ensuring the drinking water safety.%目的:了解小店区主要生活饮用水微生物污染状况,为提高全区生活饮用水质量提供参

  16. 北京市石景山区中学生超重肥胖现状及影响因素%Study on obesity and overweight and influencing factors among middle school students in Shijingshan District,Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史平; 王丹; 杜鹏; 刘敏

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解北京市石景山区中学生超重肥胖状况及其影响因素,为中学生超重肥胖的预防与干预措施提供依据.方法 采用多阶段整群随机抽样的方法,抽取北京市石景山区1240名中学生,进行超重肥胖流行状况调查,并对相关因素进行分析.结果 在有效应答的1232名学生中,超重学生有126人,超重率10.23%;肥胖学生有99人,肥胖患病率8.03%,超重肥胖共发生225人,检出率为18.26%.高中男生(8.33%)肥胖率明显高于高中女生(5.74%),超重(26.19%)和肥胖(21.21%)及运动锻炼60 min以上≥3d/周的比例明显低于正常组(51.64%),以上差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).Logistic回归分析结果显示,运动锻炼60 min以上<3d/周(OR =6.92)、使用计算机时间每天超过2h(OR =6.55)、经常吃路边摊(OR=5.65)、每天看电视超过2h(OR=4.30)、每天玩电子游戏超过2 h(OR =3.88)、经常吃油炸食品(OR=1.86)和甜点(OR=1.54)等是中学生超重肥胖的影响因素.结论 儿童青少年存在着程度不同静态生活方式和的不良饮食行为和饮食习惯,是引起超重肥胖的危险因素.%Objective To understand the current status of obesity and overweight and its influencing factors among middle school students in Shijingshan. District, and to provide basis for appropriate prevention and intervention methods of obesity and overweight. Methods Multi-stage cluster random sampling was used to select 1240 middle school students in Shijingshan District, and status study wad applied to investigate the epidemic situation of obesity and overweight and the in-fluencing factors. Results In the 1232 effective response students, 126 overweight students were found, the rate of over-weight was 10.23% ; 99 obese students were found, the prevalence of obesity was 8.03% , there were 225 overweight students, the detection rate was 18.26%. The high school boy' obesity rate (8. 33% ) was significantly higher than the girls' (5

  17. 广州市海珠区学龄前儿童蛲虫感染情况调查%Investigation on threadworm infection of preschool children in Haizhu District,of Guangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨波; 潘捷云; 凌远理

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the threadworm infection of preschool children in Haizhu District of Guangzhou and provide reliable evidence for enterobiasis prevention and treatment. Method Conducting threadworm infection examination for 506 children at 3 to 6 years old by cellophane tape method, and understanding the awareness rate of enterobiasis prevention & treatment knowledge and formation rate of health behaviors of 512 children and parents through questionnaire. Results The infection rate of 506 preschool children was 2. 96% , and there was no significant statistical difference in infection rate between girls and boys (χ2 = 0. 586, P = 0. 444 ) . The infection rate of children in rural kindergarten was higher than those in urban (χ2 =11. 220, P = 0. 001) , older people had higher infection rate (χ2 = 10. 380, P = 0. 001) , and class infection was found. The awareness rate of knowledge of enterobiasis prevention & treatment of the 512 residents was 97. 26% , and pupil was higher than adult (χ2 =4. 386, P =0. 036) , however, and there was no significant statistical difference between urban and rural - urban continuum residents (χ2 =0. 035 , P =0. 851) . The formation rate of health behaviors was 88. 08% , and there was no significant statistical difference between children and adults, (χ2 =1.791, P =0. 181), but the rate of urban residents was higher than that of rural - urban continuum residents (x2 = 9. 933, P = 0. 002) . Conclusions The threadworm infection rate of preschool children in Haizhu District of Guangzhou was low, and it's related to public health and hygienic habits. Strengthening health education was effective measures on further control of threadworm infection.%目的 了解广州市海珠区学龄前儿童蛲虫感染情况,为蛲虫病防治提供可靠依据.方法 用透明胶纸粘贴法,对506名3~6岁儿童进行蛲虫感染检查,并用问卷调查法了解512名儿童和家长的蛲虫病防治知识知晓率

  18. INVESTIGATION ON THE STATUS OF SOIL BORNE NEMATODE DISEASE IN YANQING DISTRICT OF BEIJING CITY%北京市延庆区土源性线虫病现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张曙光; 田丽丽; 万帝; 张镇权; 娄畅; 张英英; 刘书平

    2016-01-01

    了解北京市延庆区土源性线虫感染现状,并对居民土源性线虫感染相关知识的认知、行为、态度进行调查。根据地形、经济水平、行政区划等综合情况,按照分层随机抽样原则首先抽取4个乡(镇),每个乡(镇)抽取1个村调查居民250人,同时采集便标本,采用改良加藤厚涂片法( Kato⁃Katz法)检测肠道蠕虫卵(蛔虫卵、鞭虫卵、钩虫卵),用试管滤纸培养法鉴别钩虫虫种,3~6岁儿童采用透明胶纸肛拭法,检查蛲虫虫卵。结果共调查居民1000名,检出蛔虫卵1例,蛔虫感染率为0�1%,未检出其他虫卵。被调查居民中,58�60%听说过土源性线虫,知道蛔虫、鞭虫感染途径者占30�20%,3�80%的调查对象知道钩虫感染途径,50�20%知道寄生虫能对人造成危害,42�90%知道如何预防寄生虫病。能做到饭前便后洗手者占91�70%,26�70%有饮用生水习惯,7�40%用新鲜粪便施肥,1�2%赤脚下地劳动。在就诊意向方面,愿意花钱购买驱虫药服用者占98�10%,70�40%愿意改掉寄生虫感染风险不良行为习惯。延庆区居民对土源性线虫防治的健康行为持有率还有待进一步提高,应继续加强对高危人群的健康教育。%To explore the soil⁃transmitted nematodes infection status in Yanqing District of Beijing, and their cognition, behavior, attitude in the residents. The subjects were selected, according to the terrain, economic level, administrative division. 4 towns were selected, 250 villagers in each town, by using stratified random sampling method. The stool specimens were collected. The Kato Katz method was used to detect helminth eggs ( roundworm eggs, whipworm eggs and hookworm eggs) . The test tube filter paper culture method was used to determine the hookworm species. The cellophane tape anal swab method was used to examine pinworm eggs for 3 to 6 years

  19. The Survey on the Status of Social Support of Advanced Age Elderly People Living Alone in Qilin District of Qujing City--Taking Qujing City of Yunnan Province as an Example%曲靖市麒麟区高龄独居老人社会支持状况调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈习琼

    2014-01-01

    了解麒麟区高龄独居老人社会支持状况。采用一般资料问卷和社会支持评定量表进行调查,数据采用SPSS分析处理。社会支持在不同性别、不同年龄段、不同文化程度方面无显著差异(P>0.05),社会支持随月收入的增加而显著增高(P<0.01),有照料人员的老人社会支持显著高于无照料人员的老人(P<0.01)。麒麟区高龄独居老人社会支持水平总体低,完善独居老人社会支持体系,提高独居老人社会支持水平,将有利于促进独居老人晚年生活质量的提升。%In order to understand the Qilin district social support status of the advanced age elderly living alone. By using social support rating scale (SSRS) and the general information questionnaire to investigate in Qilin district, the survey data using SPSS 13 Analysis. The social support of elderly people living alone had no significant difference in different gender, different age, different educational level(P>0.05). Social support was significantly increased with the increase of income (P<0.01). Have a care per-sonnel solitary old social support significantly than non caregivers of elderly people living alone(P<0.01). Qilin district advanced age elderly social support level is low in general, perfect the elderly social support system, improve the level of social support of el-derly people living alone, will help promote the quality of life of the elderly living alone increase.

  20. Green city Banda Aceh: city planning approach and environmental aspects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arif, A. A.

    2017-02-01

    Banda Aceh as the capital of Aceh Province is the region with the tsunami disaster that occurred on December 26, 2004 the most severe of which over 60% of the city area were destroyed mainly coastal region and settlements. One product plan for rehabilitation and reconstruction of Banda Aceh is made of Banda Aceh as Green City. To realize the Green City Banda Aceh, urban development process should be conducted in a planned and integrated way with attention to spatial and environmental aspects to ensure an efficient urban management and to create a healthy, beautiful and comfortable environment. There is a weakness of the process in urban planning and development that occurred at present where cities tend to minimize the development of green open space and land conversion into a commercial district, residential areas, industrial areas, transport networks and infrastructure and facilities for other cities. Another tendency that occurs is urban environment only developed economically but not ecologically, whereas ecological balance is as important as the development of the economic value of urban areas. Such conditions have caused unbalance of urban ecosystems including increased air temperature, air pollution, declining water table, flooding, salt water intrusion and increased content of heavy metals in the soil. From an ecological perspective, unfavorable microclimate, high-temperature increase due to the lack of trees as a sieve / filter against heavy rain, can cause flooding. These conditions result in inconvienient, arid and less beautiful urban areas. The author identifies the elements contained in the Green City Banda Aceh and how the efforts and approaches must be made toward Green City Banda Aceh.

  1. Parametric City Scale Energy Modeling Perspectives on using Termite in city scaled models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Negendahl, Kristoffer; Nielsen, Toke Rammer

    for fully parametric district- and city-size simulations of yearly building energy consumption with the same precisions of energy use as the tool simulates on each and every building. The poster demonstrates some of the parametric flexibilities in using Termite e.g. planning for optimal synergetic envelope...

  2. Investigation on Health Risk Behaviors among Middle School Students in Shunyi District of Beijing City%北京市顺义区中学生健康危险行为现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张立敏; 李玉堂; 赵瑞兰; 张克深; 杨合; 于金龙

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective] To understand the epidemic situation of health risk behaviors among middle school students in Shunyi District, such as unintentional injury, smoking, drinking, unhealthy diet habit, physical exercise, internet addiction, gambling, and early unsafe sexual behavior, etc. [Methods] A self-designed questionnaire for health-related behavior was adopted to investigate students from 3 secondary schools, 5 high schools and 1 vocational high school。 [ Results] In our study, 37.3% students had had unlawful practice on bike in past 30 d, 14.2% had played roller-skating and skating on board without protective gear; 12.1% had thought of suicide during the past 12 months, 6.9% had a suicide plan; 26.2% had tried smoking; 52.3% had tried drinking. In the first week of investigation, 30.8% pupils had been to western fast food restaurant; 18.2% had more than 4 hours games play for each day, 12% had network addiction and 4.8% had sex behavior with others. [ Conclusion] Health risk behavior is different between different schools and students of different gender. It is necessary to develop healthy education based on existence skill in school timely and effectively so as to help students to develop a good habit of living.%目的:了解北京市顺义区中学生意外伤害、吸烟、饮酒、不良饮食习惯及体育锻炼、网络成瘾和赌博、过早的不安全的性行为等方面的健康危险行为流行现状.方法,2010年4月,选取顺义区3所中学、5所高中和1所职业高中学生进行问卷调查,采用自己设计的初中生、高中生健康相关行为问卷.结果:调查中有37.3%的学生在过去30 d内有骑自行车违规行为,经常在玩滚轴溜冰、滑板车等时不戴保护装备的比例达14.2%;在过去12个月里,12.1%的学生有过自杀意念,6.9%有过自杀计划;有26.2%的学生尝试过吸烟;有52.3%学生尝试饮酒;在调查前1周里,有30.8%的学生在西式快餐店吃过饭,有18.2%的

  3. Survey of infectious status of soil-borne parasites in Changshou District of Chongqing City in 2009.%2009年重庆市长寿区土源性寄生虫病现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷群建; 蒋和宏; 马周俊

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand the infectious status of soil-borne parasites in Changshou District of Chongqing. Methods Four monitoring sites were isurveyed,which were selected from 4 townships according to the geographical distribution. Inhabitants with age of 3 or above were included in the monitoring.Parasite eggs (tapeworms,ascaris and pin worms and hookworms) in the fecal samples were detected using Kato-Katz thick smear method. Cellophane anal swab was used for collecting pinworm eggs in children aged 3-12 years old. 10 samples were randomly collected from each monitoring sites. Soil samples collected from the vegetable garden,lavatory,baekyarcl and the kitchens were exmamined for ascaris eggs. Results Totally 2 545 people were examined and 219 were found to be infected with an infection rate of 8.61%.The infection rate of hookworm.whipworm and ascaris were 7.89%,5.41%and 0.43%,respectively. The rate of ascaris infection I soil samples were from 20% to 40%. Conclusion The infection rate of soilborne parasites was increased in Changshou and the infection rates of hookworm and whipworm were still higher. Integrated measures be taken to reduce the infection rate of soilborne parasites.%目的 了解重庆市长寿区土源性寄生虫病人群感染动态及影响因素,为制订土源性线虫病防治策略和评价防治效果提供科学依据.方法 按东、西、南、北四个方位抽取4个乡镇的4个村为调查点;3周岁以上常住居民为对象,每个点调查人数不少于500人,采用改良加藤厚涂片法(一粪三检)常规计数检查土源性寄生虫卵,3~12周岁儿童加做透明胶纸肛拭法定性检查蛲虫卵.随机抽取一个调查点内10户居民,进行感染因素调查和环境土壤污染情况调查.结果 本次检查共粪检2 545人,检出虫种有蛔虫、钩虫和蛲虫3种.感染219人次,感染率为8.61%.其中,钩虫感染率最高为7.82%,其次是蛲虫为4.09%,蛔虫感染率为0.43

  4. The rabies monitoring results in hedong district of Linyi city in 2011%2011年临沂市河东区狂犬病监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李学斌

    2012-01-01

    Objective To analyze the rabies monitoring data of hedong district during 2011 and provide scientific basis for the prevention and control of rabies. Methods The rabies monitoring data throughout the region were collected according to the programme for the monitoring of national rabies ( for trial implementation ) and epidemiological analysis was undertaken. Results Only one local rabies case was reported in 2011. Total of 3971 cases injured by animals were reported in the rabies clinics record, including 2471 male cases and 1190 children cases under 15 years old. There were 1809 cases who received medical examination from May to August. The rate of the upper and lower limb exposed were 52. 08% and 31. 98% , respectively. The rate of exposure grade Ⅱ and Ⅲ was 92. 24%. Total of 13. 25% patients received pre-treatment and 5. 29% patients were unhandled on their own wounds. The whole rabies vaccine inoculation rate was 94. 31% and the anti-rabies serum or immunoglobulin injection rate was 14. 27% in the exposed grade Ⅲ group. About 88. 57% patients were injured by dogs. The density of dogs was 7. 71 per 100 person and the immunization rate was 27. 67% throughout the region, but the density of cats was only about half of the dog. Conclusions The high density, low veterinary vaccination rates, poor guard consciousness and failed normative process after exposure are all the main related factors of rabies currently. Strengthening the management, immunization and killing of sick dog and cat, promoting public propaganda and specification of rabies post-exposure treatment are effective measures to prevent the high rabies incidence.%目的 分析本市河东区2011年狂犬病监测资料,为预防和控制狂犬病提供一定的科学依据.方法 根据收集全区狂犬病监测资料并进行流行病学分析.结果 2011年本市共报告狂犬病例1例.被动物致伤到狂犬病暴露处置门诊就诊者合计3971例,其中男性2471例,15岁以下者1190

  5. Mortality Changes of Women of Childbearing Age in Zhonglou District of Changzhou City in 20 Years%常州市钟楼区育龄妇女20年死亡原因比对分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱爱珍

    2012-01-01

    目的 及时发现常州市钟楼区育龄妇女死亡变化,制订有效的干预与预防措施.方法 根据《中国妇幼卫生监测工作手册》中妇幼卫生监测方案,时常州市钟楼区1990年1月1日-2010年12月30日育龄妇女死亡的监测结果进行回顾性分析比对.结果 近10年钟楼区育龄妇女死因排位及死因别较10年前发生了新的变化,育龄妇女病死率出现明显下降,消化系统恶性肿瘤在育龄妇女死亡中出现明显增加,在恶性肿瘤死亡的前5位中,消化系统的肿瘤就占了3位;乳腺癌、宫颈癌在恶性肿瘤死因构成中出现了明显上升;意外死亡无论是死亡人数还是死亡构成比都出现了上升,交通意外成为死因的第1位.结论 育龄妇女必须增强自我保护意识,定期开展体格检查,使疾病早发现、早诊断、早治疗,从根本上提高钟楼区妇女的健康水平.%Objective To find mortality changes of women of childbearing age in a timely manner,and to develop effective prevention and intervention measures. Methods According to the China' s maternal and child health handbook for monitoring maternal and child health monitoring programme, monitoring results of women af childbearing age of death in street Zhonglou district of Changzhou from Jan 1,1990 to Dec 30,2010,were analyzed retrospectively. Results Near ten years,area women death had new changes, women mortality decreased, digestive system malignant tumors in women death increased; breast cancer, and cervical cancer in malignant tumors death increased;accident death regardless of its death number or death constitute, all appeared a rise; traffic accident became first cause of death. Conclusion Women must enhance their awareness of self protection, perform regular medical examinations, early detection, early diagnosis and treatment of disease, and fundamentally improve the health level of women in our region.

  6. Investigation of school H1N1 flu outbreak in Qinnan District of Qinzhou City%钦州市钦南区学校甲型H1N1流感暴发疫情调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈平; 裴俊; 莫德凯; 廖开周; 滕辉

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析钦州市钦南区学校甲型H1N1流感暴发疫情情况,为控制学校甲型H1N1流感暴发疫情提供参考.方法 采用面对面个案调查和现场调查方法,对钦南区7起中小学校甲型H1N1流感暴发疫情的病例进行调查,分析病例的流行病学特征.结果 7起暴发疫情共报告急性流感样病例139例,采集其中22例病例的咽拭子经实验室检测,18例为甲型H1N1流感确诊病例;病例症状比较轻,以咳嗽(94.96%)、头痛(70.50%)、咽痛(48.92%)、头晕(38.85%)、乏力或酸痛(占42.45%)、流涕或鼻塞(占17.99%)为主,无死亡病例;病例全部为学生;男女生发病差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);住宿生与非住宿生患病率差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);未接种甲型H1N1流感疫苗的学生的罹患率高于接种的学生(P<0.01).结论 及早对可疑发热病例进行实验检测,早诊断、早隔离、早治疗病例,加强密切接触者的隔离与管理,可以有效控制甲型H1N1流感在学校的流行;甲型H1N1流感疫苗具有很好的免疫保护作用.%Objective To analyze school H1N1 flu outbreak in Qinnan District of Qinzhou and to provide evidence for prevention school influenza H1N1 outbreak. Methods By using face-to-face case investigation and field investigation method, the 7 cases of influenza A( H1N1 ) were investigated by descriptive epidemiological methods for epidemiological characteristics. Results A total of 139 patients were reported acute influenzalike cases, 18 of 22 cases' throat swabs were tested by laboratory testing for influenza H1N1 flu confirmed cases. All the cases were mild, which were mainly cough (94.96% ) , headache (70.50% ) , pharynx pain (48.92% ), dizziness (38.85% ), exhaustion or ache (42.45% ), runny or rhinostegnosis( 17.99% ) , there were no deaths. Cases were all for students. The pathogenic difference between men and women without statistically significant meaning( P >0.05 ). The prevalence had no

  7. Tobacco Control Monitoring in 99 Public Places in Jinshan District of Shanghai City%上海市金山区99家公共场所的控烟监测结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶建秀; 耿倩影; 沈利; 聂莲莲; 乔国良

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective ] To understand the understanding, implementation and support of personnel in public places to the "Regulations on Tobacco Control in Public Places of Shanghai," and then provide the basis for the government to develop tobacco control policies and strategies. [ Methods ] ] Public places in this district were selected randomly. The state of tobacco control facilities was investigated, and the face-to-face questionnaire was performed on the personnel to understand their smoking status. [ Results ] The smoking rate of male was 61.75%, that of female was 3.11%. The ages of starting smoking most concentrated in the range of 16-30 years, accounting for 90.44%. Of the causes of starting smoking, to try and social needs was the main reason. 60.56% was not ready to quit smoking while 28.49% expressed their intention to quit smoking. 44.35% had the experience of passive smoking in the last 7 working days. 95.76% had heard about "Regulations on Tobacco Control in Public Places of Shanghai ", 89.44% expressed their support for the new tobacco control reg ulations. For smoking staff, 52.94% of the public places had appropriate measures for prevention, while 47.06% had no measures. [ Conclusion ] The smoking state and intention to quit smoking of personnel in public places was not optimistic. There are high support on the new regulations and perfect advocacy of tobacco control in public places.However, some measures are not effectively implemented so that tobacco control department needs further strengthen advocacy and monitoring.%目的 了解公共场所内人员对的了解、执行及支持情况,为政府制定控烟政策、策略提供依据.方法 随机抽取本辖区内公共场所,调查其控烟设施状况,并对场所内人员进行面对面的问卷调查,了解其吸烟状况.结果 男性吸烟率为61.75%,女性吸烟率为3.11%.公共场所内人员,开始吸烟的年龄绝大部分集中在16-30岁,占90.44%.在开始吸烟的

  8. Analysis of influencing factors of maternal mortality in Huadu district of Guangzhou city during 2000~2013%2000~2013年广州市花都区孕产妇死亡影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍军平; 温金兰; 张金陶; 黄婉平; 钟景如; 黄月甜

    2014-01-01

    Objective To analyze the influencing factors and propose intervention measures for reducing maternal mortality. Methods Data of maternal death reports, verification and investigation reports, summary of medical records, death reviews in Huadu District of Guangzhou from 2000 to 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Results 65 cases of maternal death in the 14 years with maternal mortality rate of 21. 73/105 in the average household population and 38. 45/105 in the whole population respectively. The maternal mortality rate declined by years, especially that of floating population. The top three causes of maternal death are amniotic fluid embolism, postpartum hemorrhage and hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy. Postpartum hemorrhage and amniotic fluid embolism involved in illegal deliveries were the main causes of maternal mortality in 2008 and previously. Maternal mortality increased after 2008 caused by pregnancy combined with internal diseases. Conclusions Maternal mortality is affected by medical and social factors. In order to reduce the maternal mortality, firstly is to strengthen the management of pregnancy of floating population and to prevent illegal delivery; secondly is to reinforce the treatment of maternal with emergency and severe diseases, and to improve the diagnosis and treatment of ectopic pregnancy.%目的:分析影响孕产妇死亡的相关因素,为降低孕产妇死亡率提出干预措施建议。方法回顾性分析广州市花都区2000~2013年孕产妇死亡报表、核实调查报告、病历及死亡评审资料。结果14年中孕产妇死亡65例,平均孕产妇死亡率户籍人口为21.73/10万,全人口为38.45/10万。近14年孕产妇死亡率逐年下降,尤其是流动人口孕产妇死亡率明显降低。死因顺位前3位依次为羊水栓塞、产后出血和妊娠期高血压疾病。2008年及以前涉及非法接生引起的产后出血和羊水栓塞是孕产妇死亡的主要原因,2008年后妊娠合并内科

  9. 青岛市城阳区部分中小学生视力不良现状分析%Analysis on Situation of Poor Vision Students in Qingdao City Chengyang District

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李功

    2015-01-01

    目的 分析青岛市城阳区部分中小学生视力不良现状.方法 共调查青岛市城阳区的小学、初中、高中学生19 762名,在光线充足的地方用E字标准近视力表测试.结果 共检出4 363名中小学生视力低下,检出率为22.08%.小学生、初中生及高中生女生的视力低下检出率均高于男生,P<0.05,差异具有统计学意义.高中生、初中生重度视力低下构成比高于小学生,高中生重度视力低下构成比高于初中生,P<0.05,差异具有统计学意义.结论 青岛市城阳区中小学生中女生视力低下检出率更高,高中生视力低下程度更严重,应对中小学生的视力问题提高重视,定期检测,家长和老师共同努力做好预防工作,以降低视力不良发生率.%Objective To analysis the primary visual poor status of qingdao chengyang district.Methods There were 19 762 cases of middle and high school students in the study, all of them were tested with the E word standard design table near vision in the well-lit place.Results There were 4 363 cases with low vision, the detection rate was 22.08%. The poor vision detection rate of elementary, middle and high school girls was higher than boys,P<0.05, was difference had statistically significance. The ratio of the severe low vision constitute of the high school, junior high school students were higher than primary school students, The ratio of the severe low vision constitute of the high school students was higher than junior high school students,P<0.05, was difference had statistically significance. Conclusion Qingdao chengyang female students in higher detection rate of poor eyesight, low levels of high school vision more serious vision problems to deal with in the improvement of primary importance, regular testing, parents and teachers work together to do preventive work to reduce vision, the incidence of non-performing.

  10. Analysis on Morbidity and Risk Factors of Chronic Disease in M District,Beij ing City%北京市M区成年居民高血压患病状况及行为风险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴妮娜; 熊维芝; 宋丽君; 周桂荣; 庄国良; 叶纯; 王晓波; 杨立新; 王俊仪

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To investigate epidemiological characteristics and prevalence of hypertension among adults in M district of Beijing city,and to put forward prevention suggesting of hypertension. Methods Totally 3 602 a-dults aged 18 to 79 were randomly selected from 9 towns and 4 streets of M District. The questionnaire interview, physical examination and laboratory tests were used.Results The morbidity rate of male was higher than that of women. The older age or the lower educational level was,the higher the morbidity rate. Drinking,insufficient in-take of fruit and vegetables,sleep time less than 6 hours and sedentary time more than 10 hours were the risk fac-tors of hypertension.Conclusions It’s needed to strengthen the propaganda of hypertension prevention knowledge for residents based on community. To control the amount of alcohol,eat more fruits and vegetables,maintain ade-quate sleep time and reduce sedentary time are important for hypertension control.%目的:调查北京市 M区成人的高血压患病情况、认知及行为特征,分析高血压的主要风险因素,探讨高血压的管理策略。方法抽样调查 M区9个乡镇4个街道的3602例成人,包括调查问卷、血生化检测和体格测量,采用描述性分析总结高血压患病、认知及行为情况。结果男性的高血压患病率高于女性;年龄越大患病率越高;文化程度越低,患病率越高。危险饮酒、蔬菜水果摄入不足、睡眠时间小于6 h和静坐时间大于10 h 是高血压患病的行为危险因素。结论 M区高血压患病率较高,需要依托社区加强对高血压防治知识的宣传,倡导控制饮酒量、增加蔬菜水果的摄入、保持合理睡眠时间和减少静坐时间。

  11. Monitoring results of immunization successful rate of measles and rubella combined vaccine in Daxingin District of Beijing City in 2011%2011年北京市大兴区麻风疫苗基础免疫成功率监测结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐金凤; 侯文俊

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To know the immunization effect of measles and rubella combined vaccine on 8 -month-old infants in Daxin-gin District of Beijing City in 2011, ,and provide a basis for immunization strategy. [Methods]The serum samples of 8 -month-old infants were collected before and 1 month after immunization of measles and rubella combined vaccine, then the IgG antibody of measles and rubella were detected- [ Results ] After immunization , the positive rate of measles antibody was 100% , and GMT reached 1 : 1385. 52; 33 cases were rubella IgG positive with the positive rate of 82. 5% , and GMT reached 1: 31.18. [ Conclusion]The immunogenicity of measles ingredient in current measles and rubella combined vaccine is good in this district, but the effect of rubella ingredient is not so good. Therefore, revaccination is necessary.%目的 了解北京市大兴区2011年8月龄儿童接种麻疹风疹联合减毒活疫苗(简称麻风疫苗)后的免疫效果,为制定麻疹免疫策略提供依据.方法 采集40名8月龄儿童麻风疫苗免疫前、免疫后1个月双份血标本,分别进行麻疹、风疹IgG抗体测定.结果 免后麻疹抗体阳性40人,阳性率100%,GMT 1∶1 385.52;风疹抗体阳性33人,阳性率82.50%,GMT1∶31.18.结论 该区现行的麻风疫苗所包含的麻疹成分免疫原性好,风疹成分免疫效果较差,应进行风疹疫苗复种弥补.

  12. 淄博市淄川区2008-2010年各类桶装饮用水的卫生状况%Sanitary Status of Various Types of Bottled Drinking Water in Zichuan District of Zibo City during 2008-2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高瑞云

    2011-01-01

    目的 对淄博市淄川区2008-2010年各类桶装饮用水进行采样检测,了解各类桶装饮用水卫生状况,分析存在的问题,提高各类桶装饮用水卫生质量.方法 按照GB 8537-2008、GB 17324-2003、GB 19298-2003,进行采样检测和评价.结果 矿泉水合格率为91.4%,纯净水合格率为88.5%,桶装饮用水合格率为69.7%.结论 淄川区各类桶装饮用水合格率均有待提高,应加强食品安全法执法力度,规范各类桶装饮用水的生产经营,使各类桶装饮用水符合卫生要求.%[ Objective] To sample and test various types of bottled drinking water in Zichuan district of Zibo city during 2008 -2010, learn the sanitary status of bottled drinking water, analyze the problems, so as to improve the sanitary quality of bottled drinking water. [ Methods] The sampling, test and evaluation were conducted according to the Hygienic standard for drinking natural mineral water ( GB 8537 - 2008 ), Hygienic standard for bottled pure drinking water ( GB 17324-2003 ) and the Hygienic standard of bottled water for drinking (GB 19298-2003 ). [Results] The qualified rate of mineral water, pure water and bottled drinking water was 91.4%, 88.5% and 69.7%, respectively. [Conclusion]The qualified rate of various types of bottled drinking water in Zichuan district needs to be improved. It is important to strengthen the enforcement of food safety law, regulate the production and management of various types of bottled drinking water, so as to meet the health requirements.

  13. Investigation and Analysis of Mental Health State and the Attitudes to Psychological Counseling among the Residents at Jianghan District of Wuhan City%武汉市江汉区居民心理状况及对心理咨询态度的调查与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈瑜; 胡晓兵

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解武汉市江汉区居民的心理健康状况,掌握居民对心理咨询行业及工作的了解程度.方法 通过问卷调查,调查江汉区青年路行人;调查内容包括人口学资料、个人心理健康状况、对心理咨询的态度和"你认为健康的心理状态是怎样的"开放式问题.结果 55名被调查者自认为心理健康良好,认为要提升自己心理健康水平者为0;85.5%的被调查者认为心理咨询有效,但当应对困扰和负面情绪时,43.6%被调查者选择逃避的方式,愿意找专业咨询师的仅占1.8%.结论 居民对心理咨询了解和信任度不够,有必要向普通居民开展心理学教育和进一步普及心理咨询的知识,采取有针对性的教育与预防措施,维护居民心理健康.%Objectives To investigate the mental health state and explore the attitudes to psychological consultation among the public at Jianghan district of Wuhan City. Methods Questionnaire survey was conducted among at Jianghan district, and the objects were pedestrians. The contents of the survey included demographic data, individual mental health state,attitudes to psychological consultation and open-ended questions. Results The percentage of male respondents was 38. 2% and female was 62. 8% in 55 surveyed respondents. The respondents considered themselves with good mental health. 85. 5% of them thought the psychological counseling was effective, but 43. 6% of them choose the way of escape when they response to distress or negative emotions, only 1. 8% choose psychological counseling. Conclusions The understanding and trust to psychological counseling for public is not enough,it is necessary to carry out psychological education and spread the knowledge of psychological consultation, to help people discover the mental disorder and seek effective help as soon as possible. The targeted education and preventive measures should be taken to protect the mental health of the public.

  14. Analysis on Influencing Factors of Antibodies Against Influenza A(H1N1)Among the Residents in Doumen District, Zhuhai City%珠海市斗门区人群甲型H1N1流感病毒抗体影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵超敏; 陈斌; 周伴群; 吴水滨; 焦亮; 罗志华

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the infection status and antibody level of influenza ACHlNl), and explore the factors correlated to positive serum antibodies against influenza A (HINI) virus among the residents in Doumen District, Zhuhai City. · Methods Multistage random sampling method was used to select 480 individuals from 2 towns of Doumen District-Blood samples were collected for H1N1 influenza virus hemagglutinin- inhibition (HI) test; meanwhile, the questionnaire survey was conducted. Results The antibody against Influenza A (H1N1) of 110 in 480 subjects showed positive, the sero-prevalence was 22.92% (110/480). Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that factors such as occupation, influenza A (H1N1) vaccine immunization, history of common cold were all associated with positive serum influenza A (H1N1) antibody. Conclusions Antibody level of influenza A (H1N1) was low. The influenza A (H1N1) vaccine is the most effective way to obtain protective antibodies of influenza A (H1N1).%目的 了解珠海市斗门区人群甲型H1N1流感病毒感染状况及抗体水平,探讨影响普通人群血清甲型H1N1流感病毒抗体阳性的因素.方法 采用多阶段随机抽样方法,从斗门区2个镇选取480人进行问卷调查,并采集血液标本进行甲型H1N1流感病毒血凝抑制(HI)检测.结果 甲型H1N1流感抗体阳性人数为110人,阳性率为22.92%6(110/480).单因素和多因素二项Logistic分析均显示职业、接种甲型H1N1流感疫苗、调查前曾患过感冒与血清甲型H1N1流感病毒抗体阳性有关.结论 珠海市斗门区人群甲型H1N1流感病毒抗体水平不高.接种甲型H1N1流感疫苗是预防甲型H1N1流感的重要手段.

  15. Soft Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brix, Anders; Yoneda, Akira; Nakamura, Kiyoshi

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a project exploring sustainable ways of urban living. The project renders a scenario comprised of an array of simple conversions of existing urban spaces and buildings, in the attempt to tie strategies ranging from urban planning to interior design into a coherent vision...... of a sustainable future. The project is the result of a joint research study between Denmark and Japan. Taking as its example the city of Kyoto, the project investigates some possible strategies on how cities more generally may be transformed into liveable, healthy and ecologically sensible environments....

  16. Fun City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Once the blues guitarist B.B. King sang that when he "didn't wanna live no more", he would go shopping instead. Now, however, shopping has become a lifestyle... The city of today has become "Disneyfied" and "Tivolized". It has become a scene for events. The aim of the book is to encircle and pin...... down the consquences of these developments, to elocidate the interplay between funscapes and fear culture, and to account for the meaning of new concepts and new phenomena such as "event culture", "urban scenography", "experience economy","city branding" and "cultural planning"....

  17. City Branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frimann, Søren; Stigel, Jørgen

    2006-01-01

    Succesful corporate branding requires that questions related to communication, publicity, and organizational structures are adressed. An uncritical adoption of approaches known from tradition product branding will inevitable give problems as the properties of tangible commodities and services......, problems seem to multiply in what has becom known as city branding. This analysis of the communicational aspects of two Danish provincial towns´ branding efforts examines both their internally and externally directed communication. It demonstrates that an insufficient understanding of - or willingness...... to face - these differences will inevitably hamper such branding efforts because of the consequential inconsistencies. Finally, paths to more effective city branding are indicated...

  18. 北京市东城区2010年食品微生物污染状况分析%Analysis on Contamination Status of Food with Microorganism in Dongcheng District of Beijing City in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪静; 孙志峰; 段旭; 邱传营

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the microbial contamination in the food of Dongcheng District by continuous and dynamic monitoring in 2010, and to provide the evidence for food safety surveillance. Methods We sampled 11 kinds of food (including 282 samples) in catering units and the circulation field in 2010. Results Among the 282 pieces of food, 142 pieces of food were from catering units. Coliform group was positive in 17 pieces of food collected from catering units, with the positive rate of 11.97%. Staphylococcus aureus was detected in 2 pieces of food in catering units, with the detective rate of 1.4%. 140 pieces of food were from circulation field, coliform group was positive in 1 piece of food in circulation field. From food categories, the detective rate of cooked bean products was the highest (27.5%), followed by bulk ice cream (20.0%), bulk cooked meat products (11.4%), Chinese cold dishes (2.5%), and the difference was statistically significant (x2 = 9.513, P<0.05). From the season, the positive rate of coliform group in summer was the highest, and the difference was statistically significant (x2 = 7.106, P<0.05). As for the grade of restaurant, coliform positive rates of grade A, grade B and grade C restaurants increased in turn, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusions The food hygiene in circulation field is better than that in catering units. The food products which are easy to cause foodborne diseases are cooked bean products, bulk ice cream, bulk cooked meat products and Chinese cold dishes. The food hygiene in summer is more likely to cause food- borne diseases, but food- borne diseases in fall should not be overlooked. The results suggest that the law enforcement agencies strengthen health supervision about key food so as to reduce the risk of foodborne diseases.%目的 通过长期连续、动态的监测,掌握2010年东城区各种食品中微生物的污染状况,为食品安全监管提供依据.方法 对2010年抽

  19. 2010年广东省深圳市光明新区医院急诊伤害监测资料分析%Sentinel surveillance of injury in a district hospital in Shenzhen city, Guangdong province, 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小良; 邰昌松; 詹劲基; 苏展; 李伟梅

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics of injuries in emergency department in the hospital in Guangming new district and provide evidence for injury prevention and control. Methods Descriptive epidemiological analysis was conducted on the surveillance data of injury in the hospital in 2010. Results A total of 22 784 injury cases were reported in 2010. The injuries were mainly caused by blunt force (40. 24% ), falling down (16. 46% ), animal bite (13. 28% ), knife/sharp instrument wound (11.43% ) and motor vehicle accident (10. 51% ). The injuries mainly occurred in industrial/construction sites (40. 80% ) and on street/road( 22. 65% ). Most cases were unintentional injuries (83. 97% ) and mild in severity (76. 30% ). The majority of serious injuries were caused by motor vehicle accident (55. 26% ). Most injuries occurred during 08:00 -22:00 in a day (85. 51% ). No obvious peak was found in overall time distribution of injury cases, but the differences on the time distribution in different populations were significant (x2 = 998, P = 0. 00). The injuries in pre school aged children mainly occurred during 17: 00 - 20:00 (37. 43% ), the injuries in students mainly occurred during 16:00 - 19:00 (36.91 % ) and self wounding/suicide mainly occurred during 00:00-01:00 (12. 85% ) ,20:00 - 21:00 (8.38%) and 21:00 - 22:00 (8.38%). Conclusion Targeted intervention should be focused on occupational injury, animal bite and traffic accident injury prevention and control in different population, places and times.%目的 了解广东省深圳市光明新区医院急诊伤害分布情况,为伤害事件预防与控制提供依据.方法 采用统一的调查表对在深圳市光明新区伤害监测哨点医院急诊科就诊的首诊伤害病例进行登记,运用描述流行病学方法进行分析.结果 2010年全年累计伤害病例22 784例,伤害发生的主要原因为钝器伤(40.24%)、跌倒/坠落(16.46%)、动物伤(13.28%)、刀/锐器伤(11

  20. City 2020+

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, C.; Buttstädt, M.; Merbitz, H.; Sachsen, T.; Ketzler, G.; Michael, S.; Klemme, M.; Dott, W.; Selle, K.; Hofmeister, H.

    2010-09-01

    This research initiative CITY 2020+ assesses the risks and opportunities for residents in urban built environments under projected demographic and climate change for the year 2020 and beyond, using the City of Aachen as a case study. CITY 2020+ develops scenarios, options and tools for planning and developing sustainable future city structures. We investigate how urban environment, political structure and residential behavior can best be adapted, with attention to the interactions among structural, political, and sociological configurations and with their consequences on human health. Demographers project that in the EU-25-States by 2050, approximately 30% of the population will be over age 65. Also by 2050, average tem¬peratures are projected to rise by 1 to 2 K. Combined, Europe can expect enhanced thermal stress and higher levels of particulate matter. CITY 2020+ amongst other sub-projects includes research project dealing with (1) a micro-scale assessment of blockages to low-level cold-air drainage flow into the city centre by vegetation and building structures, (2) a detailed analysis of the change of probability density functions related to the occurrence of heat waves during summer and the spatial and temporal structure of the urban heat island (UHI) (3) a meso-scale analysis of particulate matter (PM) concentrations depending on topography, local meteorological conditions and synoptic-scale weather patterns. First results will be presented specifically from sub-projects related to vegetation barriers within cold air drainage, the assessment of the UHI and the temporal and spatial pattern of PM loadings in the city centre. The analysis of the cold air drainage flow is investigated in two consecutive years with a clearing of vegetation stands in the beginning of the second year early in 2010. The spatial pattern of the UHI and its possible enhancement by climate change is addressed employing a unique setup using GPS devices and temperature probes fixed to

  1. 旧城区轨道交通站点周边土地利用调控及动因——以北京市中心城储备用地的规划调整为例%LAND USE CONTROL AROUND RAIL TRANSIT STATION IN OLD URBAN DISTRICT: A CASE STUDY OF RESERVED LAND PLAN ADJUSTMENT IN BEIJING'S INNER CITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林坚; 宋丽青; 马晨越

    2011-01-01

    传统研究认为,轨道交通站点影响下周边土地利用方式将呈现“方式经营化、面积大型化、高强度随距离降低”,但对旧城区未必尽然.本文在比较北京市中心城区1999年、2006年控制性详细规划的基础上,对轨道交通站点周边储备用地进行实地调查分析.结果表明:就北京市中心城储备用地的规划调整而言,除土地利用方式经营化外,并未出现其他情形,以微调为主,但仍可分出开发阻力型、公益建设型、原址改造型、旧城保护型和集中拆建型等类型,各自规划调整特征有别.究其原因:(1)北京旧城区轨道交通晚于城市建设,属补偿性建设;(2)历史风貌用地比例大,保护要求高;(3)土地权属复杂,利益主体需要协调平衡.%Previous study shows that the land use of area around rail transit station tends to be more commercialized, larger in size and attenuated in intensity by distance. However, the rules are not suitable for the old urban district. Based on the comparison of regulatory detailed plan of Beijing inner city between 1999 and 2006, this paper conducts a field study on the reserved land around rail transit station. The result only shows the commercialization of land use. To understand the phenomenon, five types of planning regulation are discussed and three reasons are found: (1) the rail program is initiated later than the urban construction in old city, which is compensatory development; (2) the high ratio of historic sites requires high level of conservation; (3) the complication of land ownership calls for balance among interest groups.

  2. 大连市沙河口区学生营养午餐供餐企业量化考核及满意度调查%Quantitative assess and satisfaction survey of catering services for student lunch in Shahekou district of Dalian city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范庆华; 薛祥宇; 郭峥; 佟长青; 李智博; 翟兴月; 李伟

    2015-01-01

    Objective Tostudy quantitative assessment and satisfaction of catering services for student lunch in Shahekou district of Dalian city and to put forward improving measures. Methods By typical investigation, 13 catering services for student lunch in Shahekou district of Dalian city were surveyed using field observation and questionnaire method.Results The catering services had many problems in the layout of the production, the health facilities, and the identification, the training of the operator and the time of the meal. The hazard analysis and critical control point (HACCP) of food safety management system were implemented in only 2 catering services. There was a consistence between the score of catering services and the satisfaction of the quality of lunch. The satisfaction of nutritional lunch was lower.Conclusion The catering services should be improved in the layout of the production, the health facilities, the identification, the training of the operator and the time of the meal. HACCP food safety management system should be implemented in catering services. The quality of students' nutrition meals and satisfaction should be improved.%目的:了解当前大连市沙河口区学生营养午餐供餐企业的量化考核及满意度,提出改进措施。方法按照典型调查的原则,采用现场观察法和问卷调查法,对大连市沙河口区13家学生营养午餐供餐企业进行调查。结果供餐企业在生产合理布局、卫生设施、标识、操作人员培训、供餐时间等方面存在问题较多。只有2家企业推行危害分析和关键环节控制点(hazard analysis and critical control point, HACCP)食品安全管理体系。企业的评分基本与对营养餐质量满意度相一致,营养午餐满意度较低。结论供餐企业仍应加强生产布局的合理性,加强卫生设施的改进,健全标识,加强操作人员培训,确保供餐时间。提倡在企业中推行 HACCP食品安全管理体系,努力提高学

  3. 广州市海珠区沙园街居民代谢综合征和生活方式的调查分析及相关关系%Investigation and correlation between metabolic syndrome and lifestyle in residents of Shayuan Street in Haizhu District of Guangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵季璇; 胡蓉; 刘世兴; 刘敏玲; 吕彦; 谢咏镰; 韩国雄; 邹建群

    2014-01-01

    目的 探讨广州市海珠区沙园街居民代谢综合征(MS)的患病情况及与生活方式的关系.方法 2009年12月至2010年12采用横断面研究方法,随机抽样850例广州市海珠区沙园街社区常住居民,对MS的患病率、生活行为方式及相关关系进行调查分析.调查对象的特征构成采用一般描述性分析,并建立非条件Logistic回归模型,探讨MS的患病率与生活行为方式的关系.结果 MS患者266例,检出率为32.9%,其中女性检出率39.8%,男性19.0%,50岁以上检出率91.47%.协方差分析结果显示:吸烟组与不吸烟组相比,其线性趋势差异有统计学意义(P=0.046);饮食口味组以偏淡组为参照组,其线性趋势有统计学意义(P =0.049).饮酒、体育活动、压力、医院体检间隔时间、性格、饮食偏甜、外出就餐频率与MS发生无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 吸烟是MS的危险因素,可增加MS的发病率,而饮食偏淡可能是MS的保护因子,对MS防治应立足于对不良生活方式改变,尽早发现并进行积极干预治疗.%Objective To investigate correlation between metabolic syndrome (MS) and lifestyle in residents of Shayuan Street in Haizhu District of Guangzhou City.Method 850 residents of Shayuan Street in Haizhu District of Guangzhou City were descriptively analyzed on body mass index,waist circumference,blood glucose,blood lipids,blood pressure,lifestyle and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome from December 2009 to December 2010.Results The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 32.9% (266/850).The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in men was 19.0%,while that in women was 39.8%.The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in residents above 50 years-old was 91.47%.Linear trend analyzed by covariance showed difference between smokers and non-smokers was significant (P =0.046),so did food taste (P =0.049).Drinking,sports activities,pressure,hospital physical examination time interval,temperament,eating sweet and

  4. 我市增城区265例成人精神病患者残疾评定结果分析%Analysis of disability evaluation results in 265 patients with adult psy-chosis in Zengcheng district of our city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高云; 李雪晶; 林杰; 胡建平; 朴轶峰

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the main reasons in disabled with adult psychosis in Zengcheng district of our city, and to propose corresponding suggestions on prevention and treatment. Methods Materials of 341 patients with adult psychosis from 11 towns in Zengcheng district of our city in July 2014 were collected.The disabled grade was evaluated by WHO-DASIIscale(265 cases were evaluated in practice),and were statistically analyzed according to different dis-ability diagnoses,degrees,disease courses and ages.The main causes of disability of these patients were examine. Re-sults Of all the causes of disability,schizophrenia was the leading cause (82.6%),followed by mood disorder (4.5%). 48.3% of these patients were middle-aded,37.7% were young,and 14.0% were old age. Conclusion In order to reduce and relieve psychic disabilities,should strengthen the social psychological health education,enlarge the service area of psychological consulting,strengthen the supervision of drugs and food hygiene,reduce the abuse of active substances,pay attention to prevention and treatment of mental disease,at the same time to enhance rural medical care input,and to im-prove the diagnosis rate and improvement rate of psychic disability in rural areas.%目的:了解我市增城区成人精神病的主要致残原因,并提出有针对性的预防和治疗建议。方法2014年7月,收集我市增城区11个镇的341例成人精神病患者的相关资料,采用世界卫生组织残疾评定量表(WHO-DAS域)进行残疾等级评定(实际完成精神病残疾评定265例),按照残疾诊断、程度、病程及年龄的不同进行分组统计和分析,考查其主要致残原因。结果所有致残原因中,精神分裂症是最主要的致残原因,占82.6豫,其次是心境障碍,占4.5豫。精神残疾的年龄段分布情况为中年占48.3豫,其次是青年(37.7豫),老年(14.0%)紧跟其后。结论为减少和减轻精神残疾,应

  5. Analysis and Countermeasures to the status of the deciduous teeth caries of the kindergarten chil-dren in Xiangzhou District in Zhuhai City%珠海市香洲区幼儿园儿童乳牙龋病状况分析及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈卫; 齐会陶; 姚成林

    2016-01-01

    目的:调査珠海市香洲区14所幼儿园儿童乳牙龋病状况及其相关影响因素,为幼儿龋病防治工作提供参考。方法采用随机抽样法,抽取1689名幼儿园儿童进行乳牙龋病检査,同时向其家长派发口腔健康调査问卷,对数据进行统计分析。结果本次调查珠海市香洲区吉大街道幼儿园儿童共计1689名,患龋率为59.38%。营养不良儿童的患龋率为75.76%,营养过剩儿童的患龋率为60.75%( P <0.05)。偶尔或从不刷牙91人,患龋率71.73%;经常吃甜食335人,患龋率78.95%;经常喝饮料128人,患龋率74.13%。对影响龋病的因素分析,发现营养状况、刷牙漱口习惯、进食甜食和饮料的频率对幼儿园儿童龋病有明显影响。结论加强对儿童及家长进行口腔保健知识宣传普及,改进儿童的饮食习惯,养成良好的口腔卫生习惯,是预防乳牙龋病发生的有效措施。%Objective To provide the reference for the prevention on dental caries in children. by researching the statuas and the related factors of the deciduous teeth caries of the 14 kindergartens children in Xiangzhou District in Zhuhai City. Methods Extract 1689 kindergarten children to dental caries examination by random sampling method and distribute the o-ral health survey questionnaire to the parents. Then carry on the statistical analysis of the data. Results The survey involved 1689 children in the kindergartens of Jida District in ZhuHai City. The prevalence rate of dental caries was 59. 38%. Child malnutrition rate of dental caries was 75. 76%,the excess nutrient the caries prevalence rate was 60. 75% ( P<0. 0. Occa-sionally or never brush your teeth 91,caries prevalence rate was 71. 73%;335 people often eat sweets,the caries prevalence rate was 78. 95%; 128 people often drink, the caries prevalence rate was 74. 13%. It showed that the nutritional status, brushing and rinsing habits,eating sweets and drinks

  6. Resistance of Culex tritaeniorhynchus in Huangzhou district,Huanggang city,Hubei province,China to commonly used insecticides and the potential effect of Romanomermis wuchangensis infection on its insecticide resistance%湖北省黄州区三带喙库蚊抗药性调查及武昌罗索线虫感染对其影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董循; 潘海; 雷桂兰; 吴中华; 崔峰; 乔传令

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解湖北省黄冈市黄州区近郊三带喙库蚊对常用化学杀虫剂的抗性现状,研究武昌罗索线虫的寄生对其抗性的影响,为蚊虫治理和疾病预防提供技术支撑.方法 采用生物测定法测定湖北省黄州区一中(QYZ)感染了武昌罗索线虫的三带喙库蚊种群和东方广场(DFGC)未感染的三带喙库蚊种群对常用杀虫剂半数致死浓度(LC50),以判定抗性等级.结果 DFGC种群对对硫磷、毒死蜱、敌敌畏、残杀威、巴沙、氯菊酯、高效氯氰菊酯、溴氰菊酯和胺菊酯9种杀虫剂的LC50分别为1.854 74、0.295 74、24.865 10、2.179 81、6.137 24、0.040 87、0.016 69、0.009 60和2.071 32 mg/L;DFGC种群的LC50均高于QYZ种群,比率为1~7倍.与敏感品系相比,黄州区三带喙库蚊对敌敌畏、残杀威、氯菊酯、高效氯氰菊酯和溴氰菊酯的抗性比率分别为388、9、11、8和24倍.结论 黄州区近郊三带喙库蚊对常用化学杀虫剂抗性较高,而武昌罗索线虫的寄生可能是显著降低其对杀虫剂抵抗性的原因.%Objective To investigate the resistance of Culex tritaeniorhynchus in the suburbs of Huangzhou district, Huanggang city, Hubei province, China to commonly used insecticides and the effect of Romanomermis wuchangensis infection on its insecticide resistance, and to provide technical support for mosquito control and disease prevention. Methods The LC50 values of commonly used insecticides for Cx. Tritaeniorhynchus infected with R. Wuchangensis from the First Middle School of Huangzhou (QYZ) and the uninfected Cx. Tritaeniorhynchus from the Dongfang Square (DFGC) were measured by bioassay to evaluate their insecticide resistance levels. Results The LC50 values of parathion, chlorpyrifos, dichlorvos, propoxur, fenobucarb, permethrin, beta-cypermethrin, deltamethrin, and tetramethrin for the uninfected Cx. Tritaeniorhynchus in DFGC were 1.854 74, 0.295 74, 24.865 10, 2.179 81, 6.137 24, 0.040 87, 0.016 69

  7. 宜昌市伍家岗区2006-2010年居民恶性肿瘤死因分析%Analysis of death caused by malignant tumor among the residents of Wujiagang District, Yichang City (2006-2010 )

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴婵; 汪艳平; 苏拥军

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the death status and tendency of cancer of the residents in Wujiagang district, Yichang city from 2006 to 2010. Methods Data of death cause surveillance was used to analyze the mortality of malignant tumor. Results The total standardized mortality rate of malignant tumor was 208. 59/100 000, which ranked the first of the total death cause. The mortality rate of malignant tumor in male was 299. 18/100 000 . higher than that in female (126.43/100 000) ,the ratio of male to female was 2. 37. The top five death causes were lung cancer,liver cancer,colon cancer, stomach cancer and oesophagus cancer. The mortality of colon cancer increased during this period, while that of lung cancer,liver cancer remained stable. Conclusions Malignant tumor has become the main factor endangering the residents in Wujiagang district, Yichang city. Comprehensive measures and health education should be promoted and healthy life style should be improved to reduce the prevalence of malignant tumor.%目的 了解宜昌市伍家岗区居民2002-2010年恶性肿瘤死亡水平及其变化趋势.方法 采用描述流行病学及人口统计方法对2006-2010年死因监测点死因监测资料进行统计分析.结果 宜昌市伍家岗区居民恶性肿瘤标化死亡率为208.59/10万,居全死因第1位,男性标化死亡率为299.18/10万,女性标化死亡率为126.43/10万,男女死亡率比为2.37.恶性肿瘤排名前5位是肺癌、肝癌、结肠癌、胃癌、食管癌.不同类别恶性肿瘤变化趋势不同,结肠癌呈上升趋势,而肺癌、肝癌等死亡基本维持在稳定水平.0-4岁组白血病为唯一恶性肿瘤死因,其他年龄组死亡率随着年龄增长而升高.结论 恶性肿瘤已成为严重危害居民生命和健康的主要因素,应进一步加强恶性肿瘤综合防治力度.

  8. 武汉市武昌区清扫工常见皮肤病及防护意识和行为调查%Investigation on common skin disease and protection awareness and behaviors among street sweepers in Wuchang District of Wuhan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严月华; 王兴刚; 吴剑波; 徐丽

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] To study the prevalence of common skin disease and protection awareness and behawors among street sweepers of Wuchang District of Wuhan City.[Methods] A total of 273 street sweepers were randomly selected for face-to-face interview and questionnaire survey.Skin examination and enquiry of skin disease history were performed on 113 logistics administrative workers and 273 street sweepers of public sanitation department in Wuchang District of Wuhan City.[Results] ① The prevalence rates of summer dermatitis,prickly heat,frostbite,chapped,varicose veins,allergic rhinitis,alopecia among street sweepers were significantly higher than those of administrative workers(all P <0.01).② The prevalence rates of zygomatic telangiectasia,coarse deep wrinkles,hair loss of young sweepers were significantly higher than those of young logistics administrative workers (all P < 0.01).③ 74.4% sweepers knew the harmful effect of ultraviolet and the youth sweepers were noted to be using protective equipment such as sunglasses,sunsereen against ultraviolet while working,and they confirmed that in the future they would pay attention to strengthening the protective measures.[Conclusion] The sweepers are more susceptible to various skin diseases.It is necessary to strengthen health education,to enhance awareness and ability of self-protection,and implement effective protection measures.%目的 了饵武汉市武昌区清扫工常见皮肤病患病情况及防护意识和行为.方法 随机抽取武汉市273名一线工作的街道清扫工,与他们进行面对面交谈,填写调查问卷,对武汉市武昌区113名环卫后勤行政人员和273名清扫工均进行暴露部位皮肤检查和询问皮肤病史.结果 ①清扫工夏季皮炎、痱子、冻疮、皲裂、静脉曲张、过敏性鼻炎、脱发的患病率均高于环卫后勤行政人员(均P <0.01).②青年组清扫工颧部毛细血管扩张、皱纹粗深、脱发发生率明显高于青年

  9. The Relationship Between Urban Reconstruction and Urban Heat Island Effect Based on Remote Sensing Technology: Cangxia District of Fuzhou City, China%旧城改造与城市热岛效应关系的遥感研究——以福州市苍霞片区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐菲; 徐涵秋

    2011-01-01

    With the urban development, replanning and reconstruction of the old urban area have become key issues of the urban development. Over the past decade, Fuzhou City of Fujian Province, Southeast China, has paced up its reconstruction progress. The Cangxia District, located in the southwestern Fuzhou, was therefore replaned and reconstructed to improve people' s living conditions because the area was full of intensively-built shanties. In order to study the thermal environmental changes of the Cangxia District before and after the recon- struction, three Landsat TM images real-related information of the area, of 1986, 1996 and 2006 were utilized to such as land surface temperature (LST), perform feature extraction of ther- impervious surface area and vege- tation coverage. The quantitative analysis on the relationship between impervious surface and LST is a positive exponential relationship between the two factors. With the assistance of the Urban-Heat-lsland Ratio Index (URI), digital image processing on the three multi-temporal images has revealed the spatial and temporal variations of the urban heat island effect (UHIE) in the study area from 1986 to 2006. The results show that after the launch of the reconstruction project for the shanty-dominated area, the UHIE in the area has been greatly mitigated. In the past 20 years, the URI has been decreased from 0.648 in 1986 to 0.245 in 2006 owing to the significant decrease in high-density impervious surface areas and notably increase in vegetation covers. Obviously, the reconstruction is beneficial to the UHI mitigation of the Cangxia District.%随着城市建设的快速发展,老城区改造已成为城市发展的重点工程之一。福州市近十几年来对原有旧城区中的棚屋区进行了大规模的改造,改善原有的居住条件。利用遥感技术重点研究和评价了福州市苍霞片区棚屋区改造前后的热环境变化,利用系列LandsatTM影像反演了该区1986

  10. 2010年深圳市福田区新入学、入托儿童接种证查验工作调查分析%The survey of vaccination certificates inspection in school and kindergarten children in Futian district of Shenzhen city in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林宝妮; 方琼; 周志锋; 蔡琳; 刘俊玲

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To understand the prophylactic immunization condition in school and kindergarten children in Fu-tian district of Shenzhen city in 2010, in order to provide the basis for advancing preventive vaccination certificate inspection system and strengthening the supervision system. Methods: According to The notice on further strengthening inspection of vaccination certificates in school and kindergarten beginners of Futian district, inoculate certificates and inoculate registration condition of 28 192 children in 211 schools and kindergartens were checked. Results: Inspection coverage rate of vaccination certificates was 100%. The number of 28 192 children should be checked, and 27 625 children were really checked, the rate of inspection was 99.79%, among which the rate of certificates holder was 99.16%. The full vaccination rate was 76.32%, 5 975 children were supplementary vaccination, with the rate of 91.35%. The rate of full vaccination and supplementary vaccination of children in kindergartens were higher than that in schools, the differences were statistically significant (x2=6.632, 20.392, P=0.01, 0). The average vaccination rate of BCG vaccine, hepatitis B vaccine and measles vaccine were up to 98%, whereas the average vaccination rate of DBT, OPV and JEV were relatively low. Conclusion: Vaccination certificates inspection of children in school and kindergarten of Futian district has achieved great progress. Education department and health department need coordinate and increase propaganda, in order to improve the rate of full and supplementary vaccination of type I vaccine.%目的:了解深圳市福田区2010 年入学、入托儿童预防接种情况,为完善预防接种证查验制度和监督体系提供依据.方法:按照深圳市福田区卫生局和教育局发布的,对福田区所辖211 所幼儿园和小学28 192 名入学、入托儿童预防接种证及接种登记情况进行查验.结果:接种证查验覆盖率为100%,应查验儿童28

  11. Epidemiological Analysis of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Among Residents in Meilan District of Haikou City in 2011%2011年海口市美兰区居民2型糖尿病流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏真芳; 杨土保

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨海口市美兰区2型糖尿病(T2DM)的流行病学现状并分析其可能危险因素.方法 对美兰区居住≥5年的居民,在社区卫生服务中心慢性病管理系统中采用分层随机抽样,抽取3 000人,查阅健康档案、体检资料、调查问卷资料.采用Excel、Epi Data 3.0录入数据,SPSS17.0软件进行统计分析.结果 T2DM患病率为8.2%(男7.0%,女9.8%),不同人口学特征的人群间、不同体重人群间、不同生化指标人群间其患病率差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01),年龄、BMI、糖尿病家族史、体力活动减少、高血压、高甘油三酯(TG)、高总胆固醇(TC)、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDL-C)低、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(LDL - C)高、向心性肥胖等是T2DM可能危险因素.结论 海口市美兰区居民2011年T2DM现况不容乐观,需要加强三级预防、规范档案管理、定期筛检普通人群和高危人群、健康教育、提高知信行水平、提高病人自我管理能力.%Objective To investigate the epidemiological status of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)in Meilan District of Haikou city and analyze the possible risk factors. Methods A total of 3,000 people were sampled from residents living in Meilan District for no less than 5 years by stratified random sampling and with the help of chronic disease management system in the community health service centers. Their health records, medical examination information, and questionnaire data were investigated. Excel Epi Data and SPSS17 software were used for data entry and statistical analysis. Results The prevalence rate of T2DM was 8.2% (male 7.0% and female 9.8%). It was significantly different among groups with different demographic characteristics, with different weight and different biochemical indices (all P<0.01). Age, BMI, family history of diabetes, reduced physical activity, hypertension, high triglyceride (TG), high total cholesterol (TC), low high - density lipoprotein cholesterol

  12. Analysis of the health situation of kindergarten children's Mentougou District of Beijing City from 2007 to 2011 year%北京市门头沟区2007~2011年托幼园所儿童健康状况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张红梅; 刘晓华; 张慧鹏

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the Beijing city Mentougou District 2007 ~2011 kindergarten children's health situation ,find out the existing in the park ,children's health problems ,in order to carry out targeted health care for children .Methods ]Data source in Mentougou District from 2007 to 2011 collective children medical report ,summary ,analysis of examination results .Results During the 5 years ,the prevalence of malnutrition in the 0.03% -0.44% range ,0-6 years old children's obesity rate is 4.13% ,obesity in different age group 5 years incidence increased ,but the rate of obesity increased with age ,children's dental caries prevalence and DMFT showed a rising trend year by year ,children with low vision rate declined .Conclusion The problems of Mentougou District kindergarten children's health situation in childhood obesity ,dental caries prevalence and low vision ,these are the focus of the kindergarten child care work ,we should attach importance to the homeland coordination .%目的:了解北京市门头沟区2007~2011年托幼园所儿童的健康状况,找出在园儿童健康方面存在的问题,从而有针对性地开展儿童保健工作。方法资料来源于门头沟区2007~2011年集体儿童体检报表,对体检结果进行汇总、分析。结果5年间各类营养不良的患病率波动在0.03%~0.44%之间,0~6岁儿童的肥胖发生率为4.13%,5年间各年龄组的肥胖发生率均有所增高,而且肥胖发生率随着年龄增长而增高,儿童龋齿患病率和龋均均呈现逐年上升趋势,5年间儿童视力低常的发生率呈现逐年下降趋势。结论门头沟区托幼园所儿童健康状况的突出问题体现在儿童肥胖、口腔龋齿患病和视力低常,这些是今后托幼园所儿童保健工作的重点,同时要重视家园配合。

  13. Sustainable Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Georg, Susse; Garza de Linde, Gabriela Lucía

    /assessment tool. The context for our study is urban regeneration in one Danish city, which had been suffering from industrial decline and which is currently investing in establishing a “sustainable city”. Based on this case study we explore how the insights and inspiration evoked in working with the tool...

  14. Excite City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans; Jensen, Ole B.

    This paper takes its point of departure in the pressure of the experience economy on Euro