WorldWideScience

Sample records for city districts balaluz

  1. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Business

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This paper takes a look at business aspects in the four districts and examines the factors that influence the sustainable development of these districts. The functioning of each of the four districts in relation to their parent cities is discussed both in historical and present-day contexts. Economic aspects and the possibilities for future development are discussed, as are sustainability factors. The criteria for the four districts are compared. The influence expected with respect to projects in the four areas is discussed

  2. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Mobility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This paper takes a look at mobility aspects and addresses the following questions with reference to city districts: sustainable mobility, what can and cannot be realised at this scale, what effects are to be expected, how can sustainability be measured and which obstacles are to be expected. Topics covered include public transport, foot and bicycle traffic, parking, noise, pollution and the reduction of physical danger. Management and information are also discussed as are promotion activities and ways of increasing awareness

  3. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Business; Schlussbericht AG Wirtschaft - Phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Inderbitzin, J.

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This paper takes a look at business aspects in the four districts and examines the factors that influence the sustainable development of these districts. The functioning of each of the four districts in relation to their parent cities is discussed both in historical and present-day contexts. Economic aspects and the possibilities for future development are discussed, as are sustainability factors. The criteria for the four districts are compared. The influence expected with respect to projects in the four areas is discussed.

  4. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Society; Schlussbericht 'Gesellschaft' - Phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arend, M.

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This paper takes a look at society aspects in the four districts and examines the factors that influence the sustainable development of the districts. Topics discussed include basic residential needs, safety, health, and supply along with culture and education. Also examined are the possible topics equality and fairness and participation along with geographical reference and neighbourhood relations. A project for this area of investigation is suggested.

  5. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - BaBeL Lucerne; Schlussbericht Quartier BaBeL - Phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duss, A.; Inderbitzin, J.; Wandeler, M.

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the first phase of the project concerning the Baselstrasse and Bernstrasse districts in Lucerne. A database containing details of the various buildings in the districts was set up, energy-relevant refurbishment of buildings was investigated, owners were counselled and various diploma-theses for the University of Applied Sciences in Lucerne were initiated. Ecological, economical and mobility aspects are considered and suggestions are made for follow-up projects.

  6. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Bellevaux; Quartier de Bellevaux - Lausanne. Rapport final de la phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gay, J.-B.; Montavon, M. [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire d' Energie solaire et de physique du batiment (LESO-PB), Lausanne (Switzerland); Muehll, D. von der [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire de Dynamiques territoriales (LADYT), Lausanne (Switzerland); Malatesta, D. [Ecole d' Etudes sociales et pedagogiques (EESP), Lausanne (Switzerland); Cunha, A. da; Dind, J.-P. [University of Lausanne, Institut de Geographie (UNIL-IGUL), Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the first phase of the project in the Bellevaux district of Lausanne. The work done in the first phase is reviewed: A database with details on 240 buildings was set up, a pilot analysis of a building was carried out and suggestions for renovation work were made. Also, a socio-economic analysis of the district was made and the expectations of inhabitants were noted. Mobility was critically analysed and first possibilities in the urban planning area were looked at. Recommendations for the second phase of the project are presented.

  7. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Mobility; Rapport final, phase 1. Theme 'Mobilite'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muehll, D. von der

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This paper takes a look at mobility aspects and addresses the following questions with reference to city districts: sustainable mobility, what can and cannot be realised at this scale, what effects are to be expected, how can sustainability be measured and which obstacles are to be expected. Topics covered include public transport, foot and bicycle traffic, parking, noise, pollution and the reduction of physical danger. Management and information are also discussed as are promotion activities and ways of increasing awareness.

  8. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Gruenau Zurich; Schlussbericht Quartier Gruenau/Siedlung Bernerstrasse/Werdwies, Zuerich - Phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ott, W.; Kaufmann, Y.; Arend, M.

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the first phase of the project concerning the Bernerstrasse/Werdwies estate in western Zurich. The results of an analysis of the present situation are presented that cover social aspects, residential buildings and their heating using waste heat from sewage, economical factors and, also, mobility and urban planning aspects. The replacement of a residential estate with new buildings is looked at from the energy and ecological viewpoints. Measures to be taken are suggested and recommendations for projects are made.

  9. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Gundeldinger Feld - Phase 1; Schlussbericht Quartier Gundeldingerfeld Basel - Phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Binz, A.; Voyame, J.-P.

    2004-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the first phase of the project in Gundeldinger Feld, Basel. In an analysis of the initial situation in the Gundeldinger Feld, ecological and economical aspects are examined as are questions concerning mobility and urban planning. The various players involved are introduced and their expectations reviewed; work done and the involvement of the local inhabitants in the project are looked at. Measures to be taken to realise the visions proposed are discussed and suggestions for projects are made.

  10. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project - Bellevaux Phase 2; Quartiers durables BaLaLuZh. Rapport Lausanne-Bellevaux. Phase 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robinson, D.; Nicol, L. [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire d' energie solaire et de physique du batiment (LESO-PB), Lausanne (Switzerland); Pattaroni, L. [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire de sociologie urbaine (LASUR), Lausanne (Switzerland); Muehll, D. von der [Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Laboratoire Choros, Lausanne (Switzerland)

    2007-04-15

    This comprehensive final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the second phase of the project in the Bellevaux district of Lausanne. The work done in this second phase is reviewed. The results of phase 1 were followed up in that it was decided to facilitate the renovation of specific buildings where possible. A further aim was to evaluate the extent to which cycling is used as a means of transport as well as to identify possible barriers and solutions to the more widespread use of cycling as a means of transportation. The report describes the work necessary and strategies for specific buildings, including participatory procedures. As far as cycling is concerned, the results of questionnaires are examined and discussed. Communication and animation projects are also looked at.

  11. Sustainable development in city districts: BaLaLuZ project. Final report phase 2. BaBeL Lucerne; Nachhaltige Quartierentwicklung BaLaLuZh. Schlussbericht Phase 2. Quartier BaBeL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wandeler, M.; Inderbitzin, J. [Babel, Lucerne (Switzerland); Geissbuehler, D. [Hochschule fuer Technik und Architektur (HTA) Luzern, Horw (Switzerland)

    2006-07-01

    This final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) is one of a series of reports concerning municipal development in various cities in Switzerland. The four city districts involved include Basel (Gundeldinger Feld), Lausanne (Bellevaux), Lucerne (Basel-/Bernstrasse) and Zurich (Werdwies). This final report summarises the results of the second phase of the project concerning the Baselstrasse and Bernstrasse districts in Lucerne. Alongside the planned work, a planning instrument that aids co-ordination and know-how-transfer was developed in this second phase. This master plan and the organisational structure for 2006 is described. Application work to be done from 2007 onwards is looked at. The main part of this report consists of eight annexes that define and describe building blocks for measures to be taken, the master plan, a plan of action 2007 - 2009, along with organisational and financial data.

  12. Election Districts and Precincts, City Council districts, Published in 2005, Freelance.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2005. It is described as 'City Council districts'....

  13. Art Cities, Cultural Districts and Museums

    OpenAIRE

    Lazzeretti, Luciana

    2004-01-01

    The subject of economic valorisation has become a current topic and the idea that culture can be considered a factor of economic production, able to generate wealth, appears to have been generally accepted. The book consists of a series of essays about the economic valorisation of the cultural, artistic and environmental heritage of the art city of Florence using a business economics approach and will appeal to scholars and researchers focusing on the cultural economics and managerial economi...

  14. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1977

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District during the 1977 calendar year. The report begins by giving a brief introduction to the district,...

  15. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1980

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District during the 1980 calendar year. The report begins by giving a brief introduction to the district,...

  16. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1981

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District during the 1981 calendar year. The report begins by giving a brief introduction to the district,...

  17. The Policy Implementation in Development Water Front City in District Senapelan Pekanbaru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panca Setyo Prihatin

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Structuring urban areas, especially the Pekanbaru City, is necessary given the problem of development of Pekanbaru City is more and more complex and highly in need of a better arrangement, especially concerning on the improvement of the environment (Water Front City in Siak River surroundings. This is a descriptive qualitative research with population sample of the Office of Settlement and Regional Infrastructure of Pekanbaru City, Senapelan District Government, NGOs, community leaders, and private parties. Data are collected through interview, observation and documentation, which is then analyzed using qualitative analysis technique. This research finds that the policy of the development of Water Front City at Village Kampung Baru sub-district Senapelan Pekanbaru is not implemented optimally. This situation can be seen through a variety of indicators related to the implementation of development policies of Water Front City at Village Kampung Baru sub-district Senapelan Pekanbaru in that the effect of interest policies, benefits, desire for change, the process of decision-making, implementing programs and supporting resources have not been implemented effectively. The curbing factors in implementing development policies in the District Water Front City Senapelan Pekanbaru are mostly due to the lack of human resources, process of compensation and other inadequate financing, and managerial instruments that are unsupported to the implementation of development programs of Water Front City at Village Kampung Baru sub-district Senapelan Pekanbaru.

  18. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1994

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1994 calendar year. The report begins with a...

  19. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1993

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1993 calendar year. The report begins with a...

  20. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1995

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1995 calendar year. The report begins with a...

  1. Valley City Wetlands Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1972

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District during the 1972 calendar year. The report begins by giving a description of the area, status of...

  2. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1992

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1992 calendar year. The report begins with a...

  3. Government Districts, Other, Published in unknown, City of Roswell, GA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Government Districts, Other dataset as of unknown. Data by this publisher are often provided in State Plane coordinate system; in a GCS_North_American_1983...

  4. Difference between Supply and Demand of Land Consumption Function in Huadu District, Guangzhou City, China

    OpenAIRE

    Zheng, Deben; Zhao, Guanwei

    2009-01-01

    Ecological Footprint Method is introduced to define the range of biological resource consumption account and fossil energy consumption account. According to the relevant data of land use and ecological environment in Huadu District, Guandzhou City, Guangdong Province, China from the year 1990 to 2005, ecological footprint analysis method is used to research on the demand and supply of land consumption function of Huadu District, as well as the difference variation between supply and demand. R...

  5. Cluster Analysis of the Agricultural Economic Development in the Districts and Counties of Qingyang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhongya; MA

    2014-01-01

    From the perspective of economic growth,agricultural development,the development of township enterprises and farmers’ income,we select 11 indicators to build the evaluation indicator system for the agricultural economic development in the districts and counties of Qingyang City. Using data processing and SPSS13. 0 statistical software,we carry out the cluster analysis of the level of economic development in the districts and counties,and divide the level of agricultural economic development of these districts and counties into three economic gradients in descending order:(i) The first gradient: Xifeng;(ii) The second gradient: Qingchi and Huachi;(iii) The third gradient: Huanxian,Heshui,Zhengning,Ningxian and Zhenyuan. The study results systematically reflect the level of agricultural economic development in the districts and counties,and point out the status of the districts and counties in Qingyang’s agricultural economic development. Finally we put forth the corresponding recommendations.

  6. A new district heating system in the city of Bolanzo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mazzocato, Alessandro; Li, Hongwei; Marchiori, S.

    2014-01-01

    In the context of the EU project “Sinfonia”, that aims to reduce Bolzano’s primary energy consumption up to 40%, SEL AG, an Italian energy company is planning to extend the existing district heating and cooling (DHC) network and explore strategies to improve efficiency, environmental, and economi...

  7. Entropic Management: Restructuring District Office Culture in the New York City Department of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howell, Fanon John

    2014-01-01

    Although a growing body of literature is produced on reform of urban school districts, few studies examine shifts in the culture of managers resulting from reorganization in these bureaucracies. This article engages an analysis of central office managerial culture in the New York City Department of Education during a culminating moment of district…

  8. ANALYSIS ON ABSORPTION OF TELKOMAS REGION, BIRINGKANAYA DISTRICT, MAKASSAR CITY

    OpenAIRE

    Patanduk, Johannes

    2008-01-01

    Abstract: City of Makassar with a total population of approximately 1.3 million people has a fairly rapid process of urbanization, seen from the rampant development in the suburbs. Coefficient changes the basic building the greater the likely impact of the lack of green open spaces and groundwater catchment area. Gradually the surface condition of ground water will decrease and the external impact on other areas surrounding the lower. With the condition of the catchment area t...

  9. Business improvement districts as a management instrument for city center’s regeneration in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radosavljević Uroš

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Urban regeneration and economic development in the context of competitive global markets and impacts to Serbian cities represent challenges calling for new responses for transformative action in urban governance. Policy-makers understanding of that relation may contribute to suitable use of policy instruments for creating good business environment in cites. Business improvement districts (BIDs represent possible model used as a management instrument for fostering local economic development, city promotion and improving the quality of urban public space and life. The paper presents theoretical approaches of policy instruments use and sets recommendations for management of BIDs based on two cases of city center’s regeneration in Serbia. We argue that for BIDs to be a useful model for city center’s regeneration, an appropriate use and combination of regulatory, economic and informational management instruments is necessary. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TR 36035: Spatial, Environmental, Energy and Social Aspects of Development of Settlements and Climate Change

  10. Entomological Condition and Control Efforts in Dengue Endemic Area of Baros Sub-District Sukabumi City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heni Prasetyowati

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Baros sub-district contribute high incidence rate of dengue fever in Sukabumi city. To determine the level of transmission risk of dengue fever from entomological condition aspect, it’s required to do the entomological survey and interview about control efforts with the aim of identifying entomological factors at Baros sub-district and dengue control efforts in that area. Population for the survey and interview on entomological control efforts are all community group or Rukun Warga (RW in endemic area in Baros sub-district. Samples for survey are house/building at sub-district Baros RW 11. Interviewed respondent was a person whose stays in the building. Interviews were conducted using a questionnaire by visiting the respondent. Entomology data were collected through pre adult mosquitoes surveys. The results show that vector control made by RW 11 Baros sub-district are grouped into cultural, physical, biological, chemical, role and control in an integrated manner, with the highest type of control measures is an integrated control (37.6%. Indicators of entomology is HI = 33.98%, CI = 11.1%, BI = 45.63% . Based on the CI indicator, RW 11 sub-district Baros has a density figure 4, while the indicator based on HI and BI, has a density figure 6. This suggests that this region has a moderate risk of transmission to the spread of dengue disease.

  11. Building an eco-effective district heating management system in a city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gitelman Leonid

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The goal of making the urban environment safer amid increasing human impact adds to the importance of district heating management. The article outlines the results of a study into the problem of improving the urban environment by implementing two innovative solutions. Technological innovations imply the introduction of modern sustainable tools of reducing emissions in district heating networks, one of them being the combination of district heating and combined heat and power plants (a case study of Turin. Organizational innovations are built upon the management of demand for thermal energy that makes it possible to reduce investment in new construction and to optimize the architecture of heat load schedules for the purpose of alleviating energy and environmental pressure on the city. The authors propose formats and areas of demand side management for thermal energy and methods of offering economic incentives to program participants.

  12. CREATIVE BUZZ DISTRICTS IN SMART CITIES: URBAN RETRO-FITTING AND URBAN FORWARD-FITTING PLANS

    OpenAIRE

    Karima Kourtit; Peter Nijkamp

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a new methodology for evaluating ‘urban buzz’ districts as part of a general urban rehabilitation policy, in which forward-fitting plans are incorporated and play a key role. Such plans are part of smart city initiatives based on a blend of creativeness and intelligence. The so-called decompositional evaluation method based on a multicriteria analysis is illustrated for a case study in Amsterdam, viz. the NDSM area.

  13. Demand-Response Management of a District Cooling Plant of a Mixed Use City Development

    OpenAIRE

    Segu, Rifai

    2012-01-01

    Demand for cooling has been increasing around the world for the last couple of decades due to various reasons, and it will continue to increase in the future particularly in developing countries. Traditionally, cooling demand is met by decentralised electrically driven appliances which affect energy, economy and environment as well. District Cooling Plant (DCP) is an innovative alternative means of providing comfort cooling. DCP is becoming an essential infrastructure in modern city developme...

  14. Integrated model for characterization of spatiotemporal building energy consumption patterns in neighborhoods and city districts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • A model to describe spatiotemporal building energy demand patterns was developed. • The model integrates existing methods in urban and energy planning domains. • The model is useful to analyze energy efficiency strategies in neighborhoods. • Applicability in educational, urban and energy planning practices was found. - Abstract: We introduce an integrated model for characterization of spatiotemporal building energy consumption patterns in neighborhoods and city districts. The model addresses the need for a comprehensive method to identify present and potential states of building energy consumption in the context of urban transformation. The focus lies on determining the spatiotemporal variability of energy services in both standing and future buildings in the residential, commercial and industrial sectors. This detailed characterization facilitates the assessment of potential energy efficiency measures at the neighborhood and city district scales. In a novel approach we integrated existing methods in urban and energy planning domains such as spatial analysis, dynamic building energy modeling and energy mapping to provide a comprehensive, multi-scale and multi-dimensional model of analysis. The model is part of a geographic information system (GIS), which serves as a platform for the allocation and future dissemination of spatiotemporal data. The model is validated against measured data and a peer model for a city district in Switzerland. In this context, we present practical applications in the analysis of energy efficiency measures in buildings and urban zoning. We furthermore discuss potential applications in educational, urban and energy planning practices

  15. 75 FR 25310 - Port Harbor Railroad, Inc.-Lease and Operation Exemption-Line of Tri-City Regional Port District

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-07

    ... Surface Transportation Board Port Harbor Railroad, Inc.--Lease and Operation Exemption--Line of Tri-City Regional Port District Port Harbor Railroad, Inc. (Port Harbor), a noncarrier, has filed a verified notice of exemption under 49 CFR 1150.31 to lease from Tri- City Regional Port District (Tri-City), and...

  16. Spatial Pattern Change Simulation of Land Use in Yongchuan District of Chongqing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Riming; WANG; Xingyao; XIONG

    2015-01-01

    In order to study the county scale land use structure during the rapid urbanization and more accurately grasp the dynamic process of land use and cover change,we combine GIS technology with CLUE-S model to research the spatial pattern change of land use in Yongchuan District of Chongqing City. The results show that the forest and farmland were main land use types going through changes in Yongchuan District during 2000-2010,accounting for more than 90% of the total area in each year; during 2000- 2010,the urban area was significantly increased,an increase of 16. 11%,and the urban area during 2005- 2010 was changed more dramatically than during 2000- 2005; forest area was slightly increased and farmland area was reduced by 1660 ha in 10 years. We set three scenarios on land use change in Yongchuan District for simulation and compare the predicted results. It can be concluded that driven by rapid urbanization,the change in land use landscape pattern in Yongchuan District is mainly focused on forest and farmland,the urban area is substantially increased,and the forest area also shows an increasing trend while the farmland area is reduced accordingly. Under ecological protection scenarios,the land use type having a protective effect on the ecological environment achieves better control effect.

  17. Research or "Cheerleading"? Scholarship on Community School District 2, New York City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lois Weiner

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available This article examines data on student achievement and school demographics not explored by the researchers who have promoted Community School District 2 (CSD 2 as a model of urban school reform that should be replicated elsewhere. Data on achievement indicate a remarkable degree of social and racial stratification among CSD 2's schools and levels of achievement that closely correlate with race, ethnicity, and poverty. In addition, when CSD 2's scores on state and city tests of mathematics are compared with results from CSD 25 in Queens, a school district that serves a population demographically similar, the superiority of its functioning becomes questionable. The article explains why the design of research on CSD 2 illustrates the perils to both research and policy when university-based researchers assume the role of “cheerleader” (Cuban, 1988, promoting reforms they have aided in implementing and assessing.

  18. Impact of payroll taxes for small shoe manufacturing enterprises profit generation in Bogota city 15th district

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Armando Hernández Bernal

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we illustrate the financial difficulties that payroll taxes would impose on small shoe manufacturing enterprises in Bogota City 15th district and how this would impose some restrictions for firms profit generation, when such contributions turns out to be a fixed cost. We present a brief on the legal framework as well as an econometric exercise that shows the relations between labor costs and profit generation for the footwear industry in the 15th urban district of Bogotá city.

  19. SPATIAL STRUCTURE EVOLUTION OF SYSTEM OF RECREATION BUSINESS DISTRICT--A Case of Suzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Li-mei; TAO Wei

    2003-01-01

    The growing attention on urban tourism was very widespread. There are two angles to study urban tourism: supply-side and demand-side. And the supply-side of the tourism remains very important. The RBD (Recreation Business District) is a useful framework to understand the components of urban tourism and how they fit together. The paper begins with a review on the RBD and the spatial structure of tourism in urban areas and then attempts to develop a more general understanding of the spatial structure evolution of RBDs in a tourist-historic citySuzhou. The spatial structures and functions of the RBDs in Suzhou are examined, based on field observations, interviews with city officials and industry leaders, and a review of available documents. The urban tourism of Suzhou has developed in a range of contexts, that various types of RBDs have emerged as a result of different urban development strategies. The spatial structure has evolved from the past "Single-cored Structure" to "Double-cored Structure"at present, and then to "Chain Structure" in the future. The spatial form and evolution of RBD in Suzhou are closely relative with its urban spatial expansion. Urban area dispersal is the prerequisite of the emergence of the RBD. Planning and constructing the RBD becomes a new impetus to urban growth or renewal. Finally, a number of strategies for planning and developing the RBD in Suzhou are suggested. The different RBDs should adopt different strategies.Intensification can be the possible strategy for the RBDs in the ancient city. Accreting with the urban theme park or engrafting on the Jinji Lake is suggested respectively for the RBD in the Suzhou New District and the Suzhou Industrial Park.

  20. [Evaluation of resource exploitation value and ecosystem service loss in Mentougou District of Beijing City].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xu-Sheng; Li, Feng; Zhao, Dan; Wang, Bei-Bei

    2009-06-01

    By using the evaluation approach of ecosystem services (including market value, opportunity cost, restoration cost, and shadow project approaches), and combining with situation investigation, the ecosystem service loss in Mentougou District of Beijing City caused by coal resource exploitation in 1949-2006 was systematically evaluated. In the study area, coal mining mainly induced the cost increase of solid waste disposal and sink reclamation, and the losses in food production, water self-preserving, residents moving, and water and soil resources. The ecosystem service loss caused by the coal mining in 1949-2006 was about 54.3 billion Yuan RMB, approximately 9 times high of its market economic benefit (5.9 billion Yuan RMB). It was very difficult or needed a long time to restore the damaged ecosystem. PMID:19795655

  1. The Effect of Mt. Healthy City School District v. Doyle Upon Public Sector Labor Law: A Union Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Mitchell

    1981-01-01

    Argues that the test of employer motivation in firings used by the Supreme Court in the case of Mount Healthy City School District Board v. Doyle and by the National Labor Relations Board in its Wright Line decision is inappropriate when an employer's alleged anti-union animus is involved. (Author/RW)

  2. Land use change pattern of analysis based on landscape ecology in Nanhai District of Foshan City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Xiaoyun; Zhang, Qingnian

    2008-10-01

    Land use is an important field in the global environment change. This paper, taking Luocun town of NanHai District of Foshan city as an example, with the help of GIS technology, mathematics model and landscape-ecology theory, analyses the landscape pattern's changes of land-use from different region scales and different levels(the whole luocun Town and every village in luocun Town). The study shows that the fragmentation level increased. The edge degree and the PD are increased, and the landscape contagion indexes increased, but the LPI decreased. It suggests that the fragment degree and the separate degree are increased constantly. The landscape evenness index is increased, which suggests that the area of land-use patch class approach to equality. The change of the landscape pattern takes on district diversity, in the mainly, which can be cured up two different area (the eastern area and the western area). The villages in the east have a high land-use index all the time, and they have a low extent during 1987-2002; but the villages in the west have a high extent during1987-2002, the landscape diversity index and landscape evenness index are increased, the land-use develop to the diversity and at the same time, the land-use develop to the evenness, also.

  3. City of Baltimore, district heating assessment. Final report, 1981-1982

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lynn, S.; Hanselman, W.; Wade, D.

    1982-09-01

    The City of Baltimore is utilizing hot water produced from waste fueled boilers cogenerating electricity to supply heat to Cherry Hill a large public housing project, five schools, a nearby hospital and some commercial and industrial users. An eight inch pipe loop will deliver water at a temperature of 250 Fahrenheit from which smaller pipes will connect to heat exchangers in individual building. Most buildings will use hot water for circulation although a few will use converters to produce low temperature steam. The timing is fortuitous, in that the existing heating system is old and is scheduled for renovation. The money will be used for certain retrofit and connection costs rather than to install new boilers. An additional heat load island has been identified known as Hopkins-East Baltimore. This area is an urban renewal area containing seven public housing projects, five public schools, the city jail, John Hopkins hospital and Medical school, private housing and several other institutions. These two areas are good for early start district heating projects, ultimately a still larger system seems feasible.

  4. Flowering plants of Hedera helix L. in the Grunwald district of the city of Poznań

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanisława Korszun

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the period from September 2008 to July 2009 in the Grunwald district in the city of Poznań, Poland, a total of 609 localities of flowering English ivy were recorded, for which 769 plants were described. These plants were found in different localities, most of them euhemerobic. The biggest number of flowering specimens was recorded in home gardens. Support for climbing plants was mainly provided by trees and shrubs, including fruit trees – pear and apple trees. Among the other tree species, the biggest group comprises Scots pine, common birch, European larch and common locust. Other types of supports included fences, buildings and elements of small architecture. A very high number of specimens in the generative stage in the Grunwald district indicates considerable popularity and at the same time very good adaptation of ivy not only to the climatic conditions of the city of Poznań, but also to anthropogenic changes in the habitat.

  5. District heating/cooling assessment for the city of Richmond, Indiana. Final report, 1981-82

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanselman, W.; Wade, D.

    1982-09-01

    The city of Richmond owns and operates the Richmond Power and Light Company-its electric utility. This is a coal fired plant with diesel generators for peaking service. Several heat islands have been identified, the most likely one for an early start of a district heating system consists of two large commercial greenhouses 7-10 acres of glass; these are located about 1,000 feet west of the Richmond State Hospital, which has considerable excess boiler capacity. Both facilities operate on about 150 pounds of steam pressure, and are completely compatible. The path of a connecting steam line is through public land which is nearly level and without any serious obstructions. The hospital boilers are coal fired, the greenhouses use oil. Calculations have established that the coal produced steam costs about 27% of that produced by oil. There is every incentive for both parties to cooperate. Problems still to be solved are emission controls for the coal fired plant, and some legal matters to authorize the state hospital to become a steam supplier for commercial interests. Both are considered to be attainable but require further consideration.

  6. Family planning barriers in marginal contexts in Mexico City, Federal District: vision of the health care provider

    OpenAIRE

    Marcela Agudelo B

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To approach the barriers to providing services of family planning in marginal areas of Iztapalapa and Tlalpan in the Federal District of Mexico City, from the perspective of health providers. Methodology: Qualitative exploration involved through focus groups with healthcare providers, both public and private, further topics such as socio-environmental, unmet needs in sexual and reproductive health (including family planning), relations gender, among others. Results:We found that ...

  7. Uncertainty about the municipal territorial structure: prospects of the development of the current variants of city districts

    OpenAIRE

    Denis Boykov

    2011-01-01

    The article is based on the empirical research done during 2008-2010 within the framework of research projects of the Project-academic laboratory of the municipal management at the National Research University High School of Economics on municipal territories of Krasnodar, Tver, Kostroma, Kaliningrad, Rostov, Novosibirsk, Sverdlovsk.The research found that municipal territorial structure is unbalanced especially in city districts. Th e article considers such a phenomenon of the territorial st...

  8. EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PROGRAM OF EMPOWERMENT OF THE WOMEN RESIDING AT THE COASTAL AREA OF AMPENAN DISTRICT, MATARAM CITY, LOMBOK IMPLEMENTED IN THE FORM OF LIFE SKILLS

    OpenAIRE

    Ni Putu Listiawati; Emiliana Mariyah; I Nyoman Kutha Ratna; I Gde Semadi Astra

    2012-01-01

    The program of the empowerment of the women living in Mataram City implemented inthe form of life skills including vocational skill, social skill, and personal skill has been carriedout since 2001. In reality, the attempts already made could not improve the well-being of thewomen in Mataram City in general and the women living along the coastal area of Ampenan,South Ampenan District and Banjar District in particular. Based on the background mentionedabove, the researcher was interested in exp...

  9. Study into epilation among residents and "black rain" fallout in the Manose district of Nagasaki City following dropping of the atomic bomb

    OpenAIRE

    Honda, Kouya

    2012-01-01

    It became clear from the testimony of residents that a considerable amount of black rain fell in the Manose district of Nagasaki City . The Manose district is a small settlement located in a mountainous area approximately 7.5 km northwest from the hypocenter. Not only did black rain fall, but the residents experienced high incidence of epilation. Soil sampling aimed at detecting plutonium originating from the atomic blast was conducted primarily in the Manose district in July 2011. The black ...

  10. Infection control in general practices in Buffalo City and OR Tambo District Municipalities, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Don O'Mahony

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Good infection control practices are effective in reducing rates of infection in health care settings. Studies in primary care in developed countries indicate that many general practitioners (GPs do not comply with optimal infection control practices. There are no published studies from developing countries in Southern Africa.Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe infection control practices in private GP surgeries in the Buffalo City and OR Tambo District Municipalities in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.Method: A literature review was conducted to appraise current best practice with respect to Standard Infection Control and Transmission Based Precautions. A questionnaire, inquiring into GPs’ actual practices, was posted to each surgery.Results: The valid response rate was 34% (47/140. Methods used to sterilise instruments in 40 practices were: ultraviolet sterilisation (23, chemical disinfection (14, boiling water (7, and steam autoclave (2. Compounds used for chemical disinfection included organotin quaternary, chlorhexidine and benzyl ammonium chloride with a quaternary complex. Twenty-two (47% used a hand rub. Sixteen (35% GPs stated that they had a policy to promptly triage patients who are coughing, and 23 (50% had a policy for airflow movement in the surgery. All practices appropriately disposed of sharps. Thirty-seven (80% expressed interest in a seminar on infection control.Conclusions: Overall, GPs were aware of infection control precautions. Ultraviolet sterilisers and chlorhexidine are not recommended, however, for sterilisation or high level disinfection of medical instruments, and their use should be discontinued. Hand rubs are underutilised. GPs should implement Transmission Based Precautions to prevent airborne and droplet infections.

  11. Environmental contamination of Gorganrood Water and Sediment in district of Gonbad-Kavoos City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giti Forghani

    2014-11-01

    Gonbad-e-Kavoos district. Material and Methods To evaluate the quality of water and sediments at the study area, 10 water and sediment samples were collected in the month of November in year 2012 by standard methods. The physicochemical parameters of water samples including pH and electrical conductivity (EC were determined in situ using portable conductivity and pH meter. At each sampling station, water samples were collected in 1-litre prewashed polyethylene bottles. Water samples were filtered using a vacuum pump and 0.45μm pore-size filter papers in order to separate particulate matter. The filtered samples were then split into two portions: one portion was acidified with HNO3 for dissolved element measurement and the second unacidified portion was used for determination of dissolved anions. The samples were kept at 4°C prior to analysis.The concentration of major ions in water samples was measure using the standard methods: Ca and Mg were determined using titration with EDTA, Cl was measured using titration with AgNO3 and bicarbonate was determined using titration with HCl. Flame photometry was applied for determining Na and K concentration. Nitrate and phosphate values were measured using spectrophotometer. Cationic and anionic charge balance was calculated as a proof for the precision of the data. Total dissolved solid (TDS was measured using evaporation method. The piper diagram was used to assess the water type. Sediment samples were air dried, and then, the Mg2+ (10.4> Ca2+ (7.06> K+ (0.1 and SO42- (13.9> Cl- (13.2> HCO3- (6. The piper diagram shows that the water type in the city district samples is Na-Cl, but in other samples is Na-SO42-, perhaps due to the effect of municipal wastewaters discharge on water type. Despite the extensive agricultural activities in the Gorganrood basin, the nitrate concentration of the samples are below the maximum allowable concentration for drinking usage (50 mg/l, WHO 2011, perhaps due to the denitrification process

  12. Flowering plants of Hedera helix L. in the Grunwald district of the city of Poznań

    OpenAIRE

    Stanisława Korszun; Joanna Bykowska

    2012-01-01

    In the period from September 2008 to July 2009 in the Grunwald district in the city of Poznań, Poland, a total of 609 localities of flowering English ivy were recorded, for which 769 plants were described. These plants were found in different localities, most of them euhemerobic. The biggest number of flowering specimens was recorded in home gardens. Support for climbing plants was mainly provided by trees and shrubs, including fruit trees – pear and apple trees. Among the other tree species,...

  13. District heating and cooling systems for communities through power plant retrofit and distribution network, City of Piqua, Ohio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-09-18

    The goal of the Piqua, Ohio District Heating and Cooling Demonstration Project is to demonstrate the feasibility and efficiency of using cogenerated thermal energy from the City's Municipal Power Plant to provide residential, commercial and industrial space heating and cooling and satisfy other community energy needs as appropriate. Progress in four tasks within this project is reported. These tasks include: development of team work plan resource allocation; identification of thermal energy source market; analysis of energy market; and planning of power plant retrofits. (LCL)

  14. School Districts, High School polygon and point layers., Published in unknown, City of Roswell, GA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This School Districts dataset as of unknown. It is described as 'High School polygon and point layers.'. Data by this publisher are often provided in State Plane...

  15. The magnitude of intimate partner violence in Brazil: portraits from 15 capital cities and the Federal District

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reichenheim Michael Eduardo

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper concerns the prevalence of intimate partner violence in 15 State capital cities and the Federal District of Brazil. A population-based multi-stage survey in 2002/2003 involved 6,760 15-69-year-old women (respondents. Using the Conflict Tactics Scales - Form R, the overall prevalence of psychological aggression and "minor" and severe physical abuse within couples was 78.3%, 21.5%, and 12.9%, respectively. Prevalence rates varied distinctively between cities. For instance, total physical abuse ranged from 13.2% to 34.8%. On the whole, prevalence was higher in the North and Northeast cities than in the Southeast, South, and Central West. Also, all types of intimate partner violence were more frequent in couples including women who were younger (< 25 years and had less schooling (< 8 years. After stratifying by gender, although women tended to perpetrate at least one act of physical abuse more often, scores were consistently higher among male partners who were perpetrators. The results are compared to international findings. Regional, demographic, and gender differentials are discussed in light of the growing role of the Brazilian health sector in relation to intimate partner violence.

  16. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1985

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City WMD, Hobart Lake NWR, Sibley Lake NWR, Stoney Slough NWR, and Tomahawk NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the...

  17. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1986

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City WMD, Hobart Lake NWR, Sibley Lake NWR, Stoney Slough NWR, and Tomahawk NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the...

  18. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1988

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City WMD, Hobart Lake NWR, Sibley Lake NWR, Stoney Slough NWR, and Tomahawk NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the...

  19. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1991

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City WMD, Hobart Lake NWR, Sibley Lake NWR, Stoney Slough NWR, and Tomahawk NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the...

  20. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1984

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City WMD, Hobart Lake NWR, Sibley Lake NWR, Stoney Slough NWR, and Tomahawk NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the...

  1. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1983

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City WMD, Hobart Lake NWR, Sibley Lake NWR, Stoney Slough NWR, and Tomahawk NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the...

  2. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1982

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City WMD, Hobart Lake NWR, Sibley Lake NWR, Stoney Slough NWR, and Tomahawk NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the...

  3. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Calendar year 1987

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Valley City WMD, Hobart Lake NWR, Sibley Lake NWR, Stoney Slough NWR, and Tomahawk NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the...

  4. Suburban Opposition to District Reorganization: The 1968 Spainhower Commission and Metropolitan Kansas City and St. Louis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, Donna; Rury, John L.

    2014-01-01

    The 1968 Spainhower Commission planned extensive changes in the organization of public education in Missouri, proposing larger, comprehensive districts throughout the state. Intended to increase efficiency and reduce inequities, its reform proposals spurred widespread opposition from both rural and suburban communities. In the suburbs hostility…

  5. Lease Approval and Building Aid for Leased School Buildings and Facilities Located Off School Property (Pursuant to CR 155.8). Instruction Guide for Public School Districts Outside of New York City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of Facilities Planning.

    State regulations allow public school districts outside of New York City to apply for Building Aid on leasing costs involving instructional facilities for grades Pre-K through 12 located off school district property. This guide explains how the districts should proceed when applying for Building Aid on leased facilities. Attached is the…

  6. Development of Urban Agriculture:A Case Study of Qianjin Village,Jiangxia District,Wuhan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We take the case of Qianjin Village,Jiangxia District,Wuhan City,to research how to establish the system of urban agriculture with distinctive features relying on the advantage of urban resources.Under the guidance of guiding ideology,basic principles and overall objectives of urban agriculture development planning,we analyze the specific construction planning of urban agriculture in Qianjin Village,mainly including the construction of growing areas and construction of leisure areas.Then we put forth the security system of development of urban agriculture as follows: land transfer is the prerequisite of development of urban agriculture;policy support is the important foundation of development of urban agriculture; agricultural science and technology is strong support for development of urban agriculture;good leadership is the organizational guarantee for development of urban agriculture;the industrialization of agriculture is the main objective of development of urban agriculture.

  7. Requalification Pilot projects of Nearly Zero Energy Building for “smart” district and cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrico Dassori

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The authors present the first results of the European project R2CITIES winner of the call “Smart Cities and Communities, 2011”. The main objective of R2CITIES is to develop a replicable strategy for the design, construction and management of entire residential neighborhoods with ‘almost zero’ consumption. The experience, both in the competition participation and in the course of the phases of the project, it is particularly significant especially for the synergy that has necessarily developed at international level, including Municipality, researchers, industries, non-profit companies and finance companies. Regarding the role of the University is evident the contribution in terms of knowledge and strength of cohesion between the different actors involved.

  8. A Policy Analysis of Principal Evaluation Instruments in Use in the United States, the State of Missouri, and School Districts in the Kansas City, Missouri Metropolitan Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, Maria Bishop; Gaynor, Denise Briscoe; Keith, Stacy Cartmill

    2009-01-01

    This report describes a policy analysis project examining principal evaluation instruments, policies and processes in the fifty United States, the state of Missouri, and 15 Kansas City, Missouri area school districts. Since current research demonstrates that the principal plays a critical role in the success or failure of improvement initiatives,…

  9. Urban versus rural: fertility decline in the cities and rural districts of Prussia, 1875 to 1910.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galloway, P R; Lee, R D; Hammel, E A

    1998-09-01

    This study examined the level and pace of fertility decline in 54 large cities in Prussia during 1875-1910. Data were obtained from census records for 1875, 1880, 1885, 1890, 1895, 1900, 1905, and 1910. Analysis was based on pooled cross sectional time series methods and theories that structural socioeconomic change was a key factor in the decline of fertility in Prussian cities. During 1875-1910, city population grew from 3.8 to 9.6 million. The general marital fertility rate (GMFR) in the 54 cities declined from 281 to 164 during 1875-1910. Catholicism, female labor force participation (FLFP), manufacturing, mining, banking, and communication were statistically positively related to urban fertility level. Pace of decline was related significantly to language, education, FLFP, income, communications, insurance, population size, infant mortality, and married sex ratio. Population size was related to pace but not level. Education and banking had a stronger impact in rural areas. In the city equation, the variables plus dummies accounted for 90% of the variance. A very important variable explaining change in fertility level in Prussia was Catholicism. The most important variables for explaining fertility change in Prussia were infant mortality rate and insurance. Infant mortality, communications, insurance, and income increased in importance over time. FLFP declined over time, but contributed the most to predicted change in GMFR throughout the period, especially in nontraditional occupations. The analysis explained both rapid and slow urban fertility declines and closely approximated predicted fertility. Prussia differs from present developing country contexts in that the population was largely agrarian but literate. PMID:12158982

  10. Potential benefits of thermal energy storage in the proposed Twin Cities district heating-cogeneration system. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meyer, C.F.

    1979-10-01

    A new, large, cogeneration-district heating system has been proposed for the Twin Cities area, using hot water in a closed-loop system. The proposed system, as described by Studsvik Energiteknik AB of Sweden, does not employ thermal energy storage (TES). Four cases have been developed, describing system configurations which would employ TES, to evaluate the potential benefits of incorporating annual-cycle TES into the Twin Cities system. The potential benefits are found to be substantial, confirming results of earlier, generic studies of aquifer TES. The reference (Studsvik) system employs oil-fired boilers to supplement cogenerated heat, for handling peak loads and providing standby reserve. TES can serve the same function, with net energy savings in spite of heat losses during storage, by making it possible to operate the cogeneration equipment at higher capacity factors. Coal replaces oil as the fuel consumed. Energy savings of the reference system are impressive; energy savings with TES are 2 to 22% better. Capital cost requirements for boilers, cogeneration equipment, and pipelines are reduced by $66 to $258 million. The breakeven capital cost of TES is estimated to range from $43 to $76 per kilowatt peak thermal input to or withdrawal from aquifer TES. A factor in evaluating the breakeven operating cost of TES is the $14 to $31 million per year saving in cost of fuel. Abatement of air pollution and thermal pollution are concomitant benefits.

  11. Soundscape in North-Eastern Part of Iasi City (Sararie - Ticau District)

    OpenAIRE

    Oiste, Ana-Maria; Mihai, Florin-Constantin; Chelaru, Dan-Adrian

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a complex study of noise levels from road traffic source and the variation during the seasons in an old residential area located in the north-eastern part of Iasi city, an important educational and cultural centre of the country. The study reveal the correlation between noise levels and social activities developed in the area: low number of inhabitants because of the holidays time in August and the resumption of the educational activity in autumn, in...

  12. VECTOR RESISTANCE STATUS OF DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER (Aedes aegypti IN THE SIDOREJO DISTRICT SALATIGA CITY AGAINST TEMEPHOS (ORGANOPHOSPHATES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ary Oktsari Yanti S

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the efforts to control the incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF is contrled thedengue vector larvae using larvasida. The most widely larvasida used to control larvae Ae.aegypti is temephos. In Indonesia 1% temephos (abate 1SG has been used since 1976, and since1980 has been used for the eradication program ofAe. aegypti larvae. The purpose of this studyis to determine the resistance status of vectors of dengue hemorrhagic fever (Ae. aegypti ofendemic, sporadic, and potentially in Sub District Sidorejo Salatiga City to temephos(organofosfat. This research was conducted using experimental research design (TrueExperiment, posttcst design with control groups (posttest-only Control Group Design. Thepopulation of the research were larvae of Ae. aegypti collected from the study area. Samples testlarvae were used of Ae. aegypti third and early fourth instars larvae which were maintenance ofthe first generation. The result showed that the mortality percentages of Ae. aegypti larvaeof endemic, sporadic and potential administratives against temephos using WHO standardconcentration (0,625; 0,125; 0,025 mg/1 indicates the mortality of Ae. aegypti larvae by 100%Based on the status resistance criteria, Ae. aegypti larvae from endemic, sporadic, and potentialadministratives of Sidorejo Sub-District, Salatiga City is still susceptible to temephos.Keywords : Status of resistance, Aedes aegypti. TemephosSalah satu upaya menurunkan Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD adalah melaluipengcndalian jentik vektor DBD dengan larvasida. Larvasida yang digunakan untukmengcndalikan jentik Ae. aegypti adalah temephos. Temephos 1% (abate ISG sudah programdi Indonesia sejak 1976, scjak 1980 telah digunakan secara massal untuk programpemberantasan jentik Ae. aegypti. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui status resistensivektor demam berdarah dengue Ae. aegypti di kclurahan endemis, sporadis, dan potensialKecamatan Sidorejo Kota Salatiga terhadap temephos

  13. Promotion of geothermal sources in district heating. Case study - Beius City, Bihor county

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents the realizations of Transgex SA Oradea, ICEMENERG SA Bucharest and Beius Municipality in promotion of geothermal resources in supplying heat for small and medium local community, and has the following two directions: considerations in conjunction with capitalization of this type of resources in energetically appliances: legal frame, characteristics of geothermal resources, types of installed equipment, analyses of energetically, environmental and economical efficiency of solutions; supplying heat system from Beius city, Bihor county, as a remarkable realization of Romanian engineering and research: geothermal potential available, consumers, solution of capitalization and installed equipment, appreciation concerning the efficiency of solutions; considerations about future activities in this domain at the level of this institution. (abstract)

  14. Residents’ Willingness to Pay for Household Kitchen Waste Separation Services in Haidian and Dongcheng Districts, Beijing City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yalin Yuan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports a contingent valuation study on household kitchen waste separation (HKWS services via willingness to pay (WTP conducted in the Haidian and Dongcheng districts of Beijing city in 2013. This study focuses on a real program to understand households’ attitudes toward HKWS and to estimate the value of HKWS services. The results of this study revealed that 41.4% agreed to accept the proposed price of HKWS services, while 42.2% refused to pay, but with a positive attitude toward the HKWS program. In addition, respondents’ WTP for proposed HKWS services is significantly related to the level of bid price and their gender, age and education experience. Attitudinal factors that affect resident WTP were also found. For example, respondents who perceive themselves as having a higher ability to conduct HKWS at the source are more willing to pay for their HKWS services, while respondents who complain of the inconvenience of conducting HKWS show negative WTP. The results also showed that on average each household is willing to pay about US$1.44 per month for HKWS services, which is based on 327 respondents after excluding 64 (16.4% of all sample who indicated complete opposition to the HKWS program.

  15. Family planning barriers in marginal contexts in Mexico City, Federal District: vision of the health care provider

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Agudelo B

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To approach the barriers to providing services of family planning in marginal areas of Iztapalapa and Tlalpan in the Federal District of Mexico City, from the perspective of health providers. Methodology: Qualitative exploration involved through focus groups with healthcare providers, both public and private, further topics such as socio-environmental, unmet needs in sexual and reproductive health (including family planning, relations gender, among others. Results:We found that among the main obstacles to access to family planning services are misinformation, culture and population beliefs, the inadequate training of health professionals in related areas, the shortage methods o f contraception, the deficiency infrastructure and resources. The barriers perceived by providers are coming from the people, and seldom alluded to the barriers arising from service of their own profession and/or personal convictions. Conclusion: Although the study focused on a specific social environment, this could reflect a reality in other contexts with similar characteristics, so this work constitutes a contribution to both practical and methodological analysis of the phenomenon.

  16. Tourist Quarter “Chinese-Baroque” of Dao Way District in Harbin City: experience, problems and perspectives of renovation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Levoshko Svetlana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes results of an unique experience of the Dao Wai historic district renovation project in Harbin of the 2010th. It includes an interpretation of the stylistic features of the Dao Wai building. Also, there was made a presumptive conclusion about the origins of the “Chinese Baroque”, which is now famous Dao Wai, combining European order architecture and far Eastern decorative tradition. Presumptive conclusion was based on the construction area observing in 2011-2016 and on the Chinese sources. As a result of renovation, there was formed a new public space with high tourism potential. Social value and status of the Dao Wai has significantly grown. The significant cost increase of real estate and provided services is an essential consequence of the gentrification method. There are were noted increased problems of the native people forced to move from the center to the outskirts of the city. Also, this article analyzes the current stage of the second phase design of Dao Wai renovation project and the perspectives for its implementation.

  17. [Urban habitants' attitudes toward nature-approximating landscape architecture: taking Hongshan District of Wuhan City, China as a case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yu-ping; Zhou, Zhi-xiang; Cai, Shao-ping; Gao, Kai; Jia, Ruo

    2011-07-01

    Nature-approximating landscape architecture (NALA) is a concept of sustainable development as applied to landscape architecture, while the urban habitants' awareness and acceptance of NALA idea is the key for the successful application of NALA. Through semi-structured interview, this paper explored the attitudes of the habitants in Hongshan District of Wuhan City toward the NALA design and management, and the influence of the social-economic characteristics of the responders on their attitudes toward the NALA. A fairly low percentage of the responders approved of the NALA design (10.3% - 46.9%) and management (7.4% - 34.9%). The attitudes towards NALA design were mainly affected by the responders' age, and the attitudes toward NALA management were significantly correlated with the responders' age, educational level, and profession. The efficient cause why a large number of responders did not support the NALA was that these responders attached importance to the aesthetic effect of green space, and preferred cleanliness and order. The lack of related ecological knowledge and environmental awareness was the root cause of the lesser support towards NALA. To establish NALA demonstration bases and to intensify the publicity and education of NALA idea and related ecological knowledge could promote an increasing number of urban habitants actively participating in NALA construction. PMID:22007464

  18. Using Multi-agent System for Residential Expansion Models——A Case Study of Hongshan District, Wuhan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Residential expansion is gaining more and more attention from government authorities and urban planners.However, most of the current urban models focus heavily on presenting economic, political and ecological objectives of urban development, while seldom taking the effects of human behavior into consideration. Multi-agent systems for land use/cover change (MAS/LUCC), which mainly concern the behavioral effects of stakeholders on the processes of land use/cover change, are promising to fill the gap. This article, based on the concepts of MAS/LUCC model, constructs a multi-agent system for residential expansion model (MAS/RE)through the analysis of the behavior of government authorities and households. The model takes complex human actions into account, namely urban master planning, planning review and approval, policies of traffic, economy and environment, location and allocation choices of the households and their interrelationships. Taking Hongshan District of Wuhan City, Hubei Province as an illustration,the model is implemented on Arc/info platform to simulate residential expansion between 1996 and 2002. The study result shows that the model is suitable for understanding the process of residential expansion with the effects of human actions, and is especially effective for its capacity in presenting spatio-temporal and behavioral complexity. Therefore,the model can be a reference for policy-making for government authorities and urban planners.

  19. Selection of Regional Leading Industry Based on Comparative Advantage——A Case of Xiqing District,Tianjin City,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Development status of agricultural industry in Xiqing District of Tianjin City in China is introduced.The intensive level of agriculture is relatively high in this region;the new-type agriculture develops rapidly;and the sales income of agricultural byproducts is the main source of household income.Based on the principles of market potential,production resources intensity,and associated promotion,a total of 3 indices for measuring the comparative advantage are selected,which are comparative advantage index,scale advantage index,and comprehensive advantage index.Based on the data analysis,competitive industries in this region are determined.Result shows that economic crops and aquaculture industry have relatively great location quotient,but aquaculture is not suitable for Xiqing District,due to its natural condition,industrial tradition and bases,and output value.Therefore,economic crop is selected as the leading industry in Xiqing District.

  20. THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF THE SOURCES OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION IN DISTRICT 4, CITY OF BUCHAREST, IN RELATION WITH THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Cornelia Dincă

    2008-01-01

    The pollution sources produce noxious emissions, harmful to the environment and the public health. District 4 of the city of Bucharest is considered to be very polluted due to factors such as industry, heavy traffic, building sites,thermoelectric power plants, sources of diffusive combustion, and also the reduction of green spaces. These sources produce both noxious emissions and noise pollution. The air contamination, the water and soil pollution contribute to the deterioration of public hea...

  1. Memorial plaques and monuments in Łódź-Śródmieście (the City Centre District) commemorating people and events from the history of the city

    OpenAIRE

    Kazimierczak, Jarosław

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this article is a classification of monuments and memorial plaques located in the area of Łódź-Śródmieście (the city centre district) in terms of their tourism value. The author, based on research and analysis, estimates their value as present or potential sites of interest for tourists visiting Łódź and their possible use for tourism aims.

  2. Drug-Related Arrest Rates and Spatial Access to Syringe Exchange Programs in New York City Health Districts: Combined Effects on the Risk of Injection-Related Infections among Injectors

    OpenAIRE

    Cooper, Hannah LF; Jarlais, Don C Des; Tempalski, Barbara; Bossak, Brian H.; Ross, Zev; Friedman, Samuel R.

    2011-01-01

    Drug-related law enforcement activities may undermine the protective effects of syringe exchange programs (SEPs) on local injectors’ risk of injection-related infections. We explored the spatial overlap of drug-related arrest rates and access to SEPs over time (1995-2006) in New York City health districts, and used multilevel models to investigate the relationship of these two district-level exposures to the odds of injecting with an unsterile syringe. Districts with better SEP access had hig...

  3. Zoning Districts, HOGARDC has Zoning Districts for many Cities in the Region, Published in 2007, 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, Heart of Georgia Altamaha RDC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Zoning Districts dataset, published at 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2007. It is described as...

  4. Water Districts, Lyon County Rural Water Districts, Published in 2010, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, City of Emporia/Lyon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Water Districts dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2010. It is described as 'Lyon...

  5. Election Districts and Precincts, City Aldermanic District polygons, Published in 2011, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Vernon County Wisconsin.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2011. It is described...

  6. Road Maintenance Districts, Road Maintenace by General County, County Maintenance District, or City Maintenance, Published in 2009, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Phillips County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Road Maintenance Districts dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2009. It is described as...

  7. Population dose from terrestrial gamma exposure around Bharath Gold Mine Limited and some granite regions of Ramanagara district and Bangalore city

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Indoor and outdoor ambient gamma radiation levels have been measured around Bharath Gold Mine Limited of Kolar and some granite regions of Ramanagara districts and Bangalore city by using Scintillometer (Type SM 141D) manufactured by Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL). All measurements were made 1 m above the ground level. The arithmetic mean of the readings was taken as representative figure for each location. The exposure rate in µR.h-1 was converted into absorbed dose rate nGyh-1 using the conversion factor of 1µR.h-1 = 8.7 nGy.h-1, which stems from the definition of the Roentgen. The average values of gamma radiation levels in outdoor and indoor atmosphere around BGML of Kolar district, granitic regions of Ramanagara district and Bangalore city have been measured using Scintillometer. We have also measured the variation of gamma radiation level in different rooms of same dwelling in different places of the study area (about 85 dwellings). The data shows indoor gamma radiation is higher than outdoor gamma radiation level. The present study that maximum gamma absorbed dose in granite regions compared to other regions. Population dose due to gamma exposure rate is higher in BGML and granitic regions. Variations of gamma absorbed dose have been observed in different rooms of same dwellings

  8. Rural resident household food consumption patterns in the Ganzhou district of Zhangye city:an analysis based on ELES Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Demand for food plays an important role in the adjustment of prices for agricultural products and for adjusting agricultural structure.By using the extended linear expenditure system(ELES),we analyzed the food consumption structure of rural residents in the Ganzhou district of Zhangye city,and determined the basic food-consumption demand,the marginal propensity of consumption,the income elasticities of demand,and the own-price and cross-price elasticities of local rural residents,all of which illustrate the influencing factors on food consumption of rural residents and for forecasting the food-consumption structure.Those analyses show the following:the rural residents’ expenditure on household basic food consumption reaches about 7,050.35 Yuan;the marginal propensities of consumption of fruits and vegetables are relatively high(0.062 and 0.106,respectively),followed by meat(0.044);the demands for various foods are increasing as income increases,with the largest income elasticity of demand corresponding to fruits(1.354) and the lowest to cereal(0.310);fruits and vegetables have relatively high own-price elasticities(respectively-0.879 and-0.442),with the cereal having the lowest one(-0.184).An increase in cereal prices would greatly affect demand for other products;with the rising size of rural households,the consumption for meat is decreasing whereas it is increasing for cereal.The improvement of household education levels will lead to the increase of fruit consumption(E = 0.297),which indicates that people will pay more attention to diet and nutrition structure with the improvement of education.Further,although the amount of cereal expenditure is continually growing,the share will be declining with the increase of household income in 2006-2012.For all these reasons,therefore,the government should encourage the cultivation of economic crops and guide the development of stockbreeding to ensure the stability of cereal output.In order to attain the balance between

  9. Application of ERT and SSR to Detect the shallow subsurface cracks under buildings of District No. 27 at 15th May City, Helwan, Egypt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basheer Mohammed, A. A.; Abdalla, M. A.

    2012-09-01

    15th May City, 12 km to the southeast of Helwan city, is one of promised cities planned in 1986 by the Egyptian government through its program to withdraw the population from the condensed central Nile valley to the side parts of the Nile valley Egypt. The present study runs on the district No. 27. at 15th May city. The main target of this study is to detect the cracks in the shallow subsurface layer under buildings and estimate its displacement to reach its causes. This study embraces, two dimension electrical resistivity, and shallow seismic refraction surveys. The two dimension electrical imaging technique was interpreted in terms of depths and thicknesses of the geoelectric layers, on this regard, it suggests a succession of three layers, and in addition, the boundaries of the crack could be sensed. The shallow seismic refraction technique results revealed a succession of three seismic layers. These layers illustrated from both techniques are dried limestone "calcite to dolomite" layer, and the second is wetted to semi-wetted "Marley limestone". On the other hand, these parameters allow for separating the area into layers of different competence nature and consequently different appropriateness. Five cracks sites have been detected with its directions in the study area, the main reason of these crack reveal to the irrigation water which used in garden's watering among the buildings.

  10. Zoning Districts, Junction City, Published in 2008, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Zoning Districts dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2008. It is described as...

  11. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Published in 2002, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Rome.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2002. Data...

  12. Election Districts and Precincts, Wicomico County Councilmanic Districts, City of Salisbury Voting Districts, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Salisbury Wicomico County Department of Planning, Zoning & Community Development.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2008. It is...

  13. THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF THE SOURCES OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION IN DISTRICT 4, CITY OF BUCHAREST, IN RELATION WITH THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornelia Dincă

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The pollution sources produce noxious emissions, harmful to the environment and the public health. District 4 of the city of Bucharest is considered to be very polluted due to factors such as industry, heavy traffic, building sites,thermoelectric power plants, sources of diffusive combustion, and also the reduction of green spaces. These sources produce both noxious emissions and noise pollution. The air contamination, the water and soil pollution contribute to the deterioration of public health. Keeping a record of all the pollution sources, being aware of all their characteristics and the emissions they produce, as well as keeping them under strict control can be considered the necessary premises for maintaining a satisfying quality of the environment.

  14. District heating and cooling systems for communities through power plant retrofit and distribution network, city of Piqua, Ohio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-01-01

    The feasibility analysis and evaluation of the Piqua, Ohio District Heating and Cooling Demonstration program is being conducted by the Piqua Municipal Power Co., the Piqua Law Dept., the Public Works Dept., a firm of economic analysts, and the Georgia Tech Engineering Dept. This volume contains information on the organization and composition of the demonstration team; characterization of the Piqua community; and the technical, environmental, institutional; financial, and economic assessments of the project. (LCL)

  15. Dental Caries Prevalence in the Children of the District of Mosqueiro in the City of Belém, State of Pará, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helder Henrique Costa PINHEIRO

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The study had the objective to check the dental caries prevalence in the children attend by the communitarian agents of health of the Program Health of the Family of the District of Mosqueiro, City of Belém, State of Pará, Brazil, with the purpose of subsidizing the projection of the actions of promotion, prevention and treatment of the staff of oral health. Method: 887 children were examined in the age groups from 18 to 36 months, 5 years and 12 years of age in accordance with the standards recommended by the WHO, checking the events of the caries in the studied population. Results: The caries prevalence in the population of the district of Mosqueiro to 18-36 months of age was 31.68%, progressing in spite of passing the ages, brought near attacking 63.69% of the 12-year-old children. The decayed, to be extracted, filled index (DEF index to five years found in Mosqueiro went of 3.57 and the decayed, missing, filled index (DMF index to 12 years went of 1,80. Regarding the marks proposed by the World Health Organization for the year of 2000, the reached only one was in the age of 12-year-old children, in which the DMF index of 1,80 was less than three. Conclusion: The caries prevalence in the population of Mosqueiro is due to implement effective actions for the control of the disease in this territory.

  16. GIS-BASED ANALYSIS OF URBAN LAND-USE CHANGES--A Case Study of Haizhu District of Guangzhou City,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    This paper describes a GIS-based spatial analysis method that combines qualitative analysis and quantita-tive analysis to characterize land-use patterns and predict the trend of future land-use changes in Haizhu District ofGuangzhou City, China. Spatial technique is introduced to manage land-use data and derive information of land-usechanges. Through the case study for the selected area, it is demonstrated that the method and technique introduced in thepaper can be effectively utilized for the analysis of urban land-use changes. Based upon this analysis, the paper also pro-vides discussions and recommendation on urban land-use planning, urban planning and land management. Both land-usemaps of Haizhu District of Guangzhou in 1995 and 1997 and the remote sensing images of 1999 are utilized in the cur-rent research. It is convenient to get various statistic data and to combine attribute data with spatial data so as to analyzeland-use changes in a geographic context, which is especially suitable for the need of urban construction department, ur- ban management department and urban planning department.

  17. Developments to an existing city-wide district energy network: Part II – Analysis of environmental and economic impacts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► Significant CO2 emission reductions would result from these expansions. ► MSW-fuelled CHP has lower CO2 emission factors than energy from fossil fuels. ► Using processed municipal waste could reduce the CO2 emission rate by 4 t/h. ► This scheme could be eligible to receive financial support from the government. - Abstract: District heating can provide cost-effective and low-carbon energy to local populations. Although this is rare in the UK, Sheffield already has an award-winning district energy network. It has been previously determined that this could be expanded to incorporate new heat sources and sinks. This paper determines the environmental and socio-economic impacts, focussing on various fuels. Combined-heat-and-power generation in Sheffield coupled with sustainable/renewable fuels, like waste, offer high efficiencies (>77%) and consistently lower carbon emission factors (0.04–0.14 kg/MJ) than conventional energy generation using fossil fuels, since up to 80% of the fuel-carbon is biogenic (CO2-neutral). Processing municipal waste into a refuse-derived fuel prior to combustion or lowering the return-water temperature by 35 °C in the district heating network could further improve efficiencies (81–93%) and reduce CO2 emission rates by 4 t/h for the Sheffield plant, increasing avoided emissions from 69,000 t/a to 80,000–91,000 t/a. Moreover, ways in which the energy supply could be further decarbonised were identified, as well as methods to minimise the impacts of responding to changes in demand. Though initial costs of such schemes are high, they can be economically-viable for the investor/operator and consequently offer competitive rates for customers. Financial support is also available through government-backed schemes.

  18. STATUS AND ROLE OF RAG PICKERS IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN AMBIKAPUR CITY SURGUJA DISTRICT (C.G.)

    OpenAIRE

    Devendra N. Pandey; Jermina Tirkey; Sandeep Kumar Shukla

    2014-01-01

    Waste has been a major environmental issue everywhere since the industrial revolution. Besides the waste we create at home, school and other public places, there are also those from hospitals, industries, farms and other sources. Humans rely so much on material things and they all (almost) end up as waste. Economic development, urbanization and improved living standards in cities contribute to increase in the quantity and complexity of generated solid waste. If accumulated...

  19. Active life expectancy for people over 65 years old in a local city in the northern part of Tohoku district

    OpenAIRE

    Fukuda, Hisao; Kida, Kazuyuki; Saito, Kumiko; Asahi, Shigeki; Mita, Reizo; Takusari, Yoshiki

    2001-01-01

    Life expectancy does not necessarily match quality of life (QOL). A cohort study involving a population of 10,107 in a certain city of Japan was conducted to evaluate active life expectancy (ALE), which has a direct relationship with QOL. The ALE that took functional recovery rates into account was 17.20 and 19.08 years for males and females respectively, at the age of 65. These values increased by 2.98 and 3.87 years for men and women, respectively, compared with when functional recovery rat...

  20. Social Hygiene and Social Medicine in Interwar Czechoslovakia with the 13th District of the City of Prague as Its Laboratory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mášová, Hana

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Health services in the newborn Czechoslovak Republic had to cope not only with the consequences of the First World War, but also with the new approaches to health policy. Modern social medicine challenged the conventional model of the so-called “police medicine” – the deep-rooted concept of Public Health in the Middle European countries. The necessity to resolve the contradiction between preventative and curative care led to the conclusion that the form and tasks of health centres, whether run by voluntary bodies or by the state/regional authorities, had to be reconsidered. The ambitious goal was to find new and more effective ways to cooperation between the various subjects of health assistance, consultancy, and – eventually - social aid. As an example of such an institution, providing both curative and preventive/consultant service, can be found in one of the most rapidly developing parts of the city of Prague – the new Czechoslovak capital. The “model district” in Prague XIII should have become the location utilizing the latest methods of social hygiene and healthcare organization, an enterprise of coordinated social work and health service. Only in the first years of its existence did it function in accordance with its aims; especially as a teaching arrangement - a tutorial service of the State Health Institute for the education of medical personnel, especially health and social nursing sisters, – and as a source of statistical research. The work of the voluntary organizations and health officers was successfully coordinated. But plans to reorganise the Health Office of the City of Prague, and to extend the system to other districts, faltered and eventually failed. Nevertheless, the principle was kept in mind by the later health care reformers, and survived.

  1. Heavy metals in road dust from Xiandao District, Changsha City, China: characteristics, health risk assessment, and integrated source identification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Fei; Zhang, Jingdong; Huang, Jinhui; Huang, Dawei; Yang, Jun; Song, Yongwei; Zeng, Guangming

    2016-07-01

    The physicochemical properties and the contents of metals (Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Cr, and Fe) in 51 road dust samples from Xiandao District (XDD) were investigated. Enrichment factor (EF), multivariate statistics, geostatistics, and health risk assessment model were adopted to study the spatial pollution pattern and to identify the priority pollutants and regions of concern and sources of studied metals. The mean EFs revealed the following order: Cd > Zn ≈ Pb ≈ Cu > Cr. For non-carcinogenic effects, the exposure pathway which resulted in the highest levels of exposure risk for children and adults was ingestion, followed by dermal contact and inhalation. Hazard index (HI) values for the studied metals at each site were within the safe level of 1 except maximum HI Cr (1.08) for children. The carcinogenic risk (CR) for Cd and Cr at each site was within the acceptable risk level (1E-06) except CR Cr (1.08E-06) for children in the road intersection between the Changchang highway and the Yuelin highway. Cr was identified as the priority pollutant followed by Pb and Cd with consideration of the local population distribution. Spatially, northwest and northeast of XDD were regarded as the priority regions of concern. Results based on the proposed integrated source identification method indicated that Pb was probably sourced from traffic-related sources, Cd was associated with the dust organic material mainly originated from industrial sources, and Cr was mainly derived from both sources. PMID:27000116

  2. Excavation on the Halazhuang Site in Baodi District, Tianjin City%天津市宝坻区哈喇庄遗址的发掘

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅鹏云; 陈雍; 纪列敏; 张俊生; 刘建; 邸明

    2005-01-01

    In May to July 1997, the former Archaeological Department of Tianjin Municipal Museum of History excavated on a site at Halazhuang Village of Huogezhuang Township in Baodi District, Tianjing City. Within the area of above 170,000 sq m the site occupies, they revealed a house-foundation, 61 ash-pits, six ash-trenches and four tombs, and brought to light mainly pottery and porcelain. The pottery is largely of gray clay ware and belongs chiefly to the jar, basin, urn and fu cauldron types. The porcelain is principally white ware and includes dishes, bowls, and a small number of black-glazed articles. Judging from the unearthed objects, the site contains cultural deposits roughly of the late Liao, early Jin, and late Jin to early Yuan periods, with those of the latter two phases as the main remains. It can be preliminarily inferred that the site was a village from the late Liao to the early Yuan, which was abandoned and became a cemetery in the early Ming period.

  3. 重庆市南岸区肥料市场分析%Analysis on Fertilizer Market in Nan'an District of Chongqing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳霞; 叶田甜

    2012-01-01

    This paper focused on the fertilizer market in Nan' an district of Chongqing City. It found that few varieties of chemical fertilizer existed in this region and updated slowly,the market of organic fertilizer was small, seasonal fluctuations of fertilizer sales were large. Popularize the technology of soil testing and formula fertilization to promote the development of formula fertilizer, encouraging the sales of new fertilizer to rich fertilizer variety, enhancing the propaganda of fertilizer in the main sales season to improve farmer scientific understanding.%对重庆市南岸区肥料市场进行分析,发现该区存在化肥品种少、更新慢,商品有机肥市场小,肥料销售量季节性波动大等问题。建议推广测土配方施肥技术,以此推动该区专用肥、配方肥的发展;鼓励新型肥料的销售,丰富肥料品种;增强主要销售季节的肥料宣传,提高农户科学认识。

  4. Simulation of low-carbon tourism in world natural and cultural heritage areas: An application to Shizhong District of Leshan City in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The national goal of 40-45% mitigation of the 2005 level intensity of carbon by 2020 was announced by the Chinese government at the Copenhagen Conference. Every industry in China is preparing to realize this national reduction target. Some attempts have been made to achieve low-carbon development in a few industries, but relatively little work has linked low-carbon development to tourism. This article concentrates on how to develop low-carbon tourism using a quantitative approach. Firstly, the tourism system including some mutual influence factors is investigated and some historical data are given in support for the research of their quantitative relationship. Secondly, a differential dynamic system model with fuzzy coefficients is proposed to predict tourism revenue, energy consumption, waste emissions and the carbon intensity. Finally, an application to Shizhong District of Leshan City in China (LCSD), as a representative of a world natural and cultural heritage area, is presented to show the trend of modern tourism in a low-carbon economy and prove the effectiveness of the proposed model. - Highlights: → The system of low-carbon tourism is described. → A differential dynamic model with fuzzy coefficients is developed. → Carbon intensity in the tourism system will gradually decrease. → Some suggestions about developing low-carbon tourism are exhibited.

  5. Effect of Air Pollutants on Rain Water Characteristics in Hammam Al-Aleel District/ Al-Erej Village South of Mosul City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayad F. Qasim

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This study focused on Hammam Al-Aleel district/ Al-Erej village which is located south of Mosul city. This area has been suffering from spreading the air-pollutants resulted from the chimneys of Hammam Al-Aleel cement factories. Different areas were chosen for collecting samples of the rain water from December 2008 to March 2009. The study showed that rain-water is generally basic. The tests show an increase in ( EC, Mg+2, Ca+2, Cl-1, SO4-2 and NO-1,  due to the air pollutants emitted from local industries. The concentration of heavy elements represented by  Pb and Cd were high and this increase is due to the source of these elements from burning of the crude oil which is used in running the rotating kiln to produce the clinker in cement factory, In addition to the fuel used for  running vehicle and the friction between tires and  road.

  6. DENGUE VECTOR CONTROL BEHAVIOR IN PRIMARY SCHOOL COMMUNITY IN TEMBALANG DISTRICT, SEMARANG CITY=PENGENDALIAN VEKTOR DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE PADA KOMUNITAS SEKOLAH DASAR DI KECAMATAN TEMBALANG, KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aryani Pujiyanti

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available ENGLISHAbstractTembalang district was a Dengue endemic area in Semarang City that had a highest incidence rate of Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF in 2010. Aedes vector control behavior was still low. School community’s vector control behavior played a role in dengue prevention programs in schools. The purpose of the study was to identify knowledge, attitude and behavior of dengue vector control in primary school community. This study used across sectional design. Samples were 107 primary school teachers and janitors in Tembalang District, Semarang City in 2011. Sampel was choosed with proportional random sampling method. Data were collected through interviews using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed descriptively (univariat analysis. Results showed that school community awareness in dengue transmission was low because respondents did not know about secondary infection of DHF and the existence of Aedes mosquito that perceived unserious in community. Respondents did not feel as risk population because dengue was understood as a disease that attacked school children rather than adults. The effectiveness of mosquito nest eradication (PSN for vector control activity in Tembalang District did not have positive response from school community. Vector control and biting prevention in school environment were need improvement. This study recommended health promotion to DHF infection, mosquito nest eradication activities, and DHF vector behavior for teacher and janitorsINDONESIANAbstrakKecamatan Tembalang merupakan wilayah endemis DBD dengan angka kesakitan DBD tertinggi di Kota Semarang pada Tahun 2010.Perilaku pengendalian jentik nyamuk Aedes di lingkungan sekolah di Kecamatan Tembalang masih rendah. Pemahaman komunitas sekolah terhadap upaya pengendalian vektor ikut berperan dalam program pencegahan DBD di sekolah.Tujuan penelitian adalah mengidentifikasi pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku pengendalian vektor DBD pada komunitas sekolah dasar

  7. EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PROGRAM OF EMPOWERMENT OF THE WOMEN RESIDING AT THE COASTAL AREA OF AMPENAN DISTRICT, MATARAM CITY, LOMBOK IMPLEMENTED IN THE FORM OF LIFE SKILLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Putu Listiawati

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The program of the empowerment of the women living in Mataram City implemented inthe form of life skills including vocational skill, social skill, and personal skill has been carriedout since 2001. In reality, the attempts already made could not improve the well-being of thewomen in Mataram City in general and the women living along the coastal area of Ampenan,South Ampenan District and Banjar District in particular. Based on the background mentionedabove, the researcher was interested in exploring the effectiveness of the program of theempowerment provided in the form life skills. Three problems are formulated in this research.They are (1 how effective the implementation of the empowerment program of the womenresiding at the coastal area of Ampenan District was?; (2 what factors contributed to theeffectiveness of the empowerment program of the women residing at the coastal area?; (3 whatwere the effects and meanings of the effectiveness of the empowerment program of the womenresiding at the coastal area? The theories employed to answer the problems formulated above arethe theory of post feminism by Ann Brooks, the theory of social practice by Bourdieu and thetheory of power/knowledge by Foucault. The theories were eclectically applied. The qualitativemethod was employed in this study and the data needed were collected by the techniques ofobservation, in-depth interview, Focus Group Discussion (hereon abbreviated to FGD,documentation and library research.The results of the study show that (1 the program of the empowerment of the womenliving in the coastal area was ineffective; (2 the factors which contributed to the effectivenessof the empowerment of the women living along the coastal area are economic capital, culturalcapital, socio culture and symbolic culture; (3 the effects of the effectiveness of theempowerment program were on the skills acquired, the income earned, the independenceacquired, the environment where they live and their pattern

  8. Epidemiological Analysis of Syphilis in Futian District of Shenzhen City%深圳市福田区梅毒流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑铁洪; 朱红; 赵蓉; 许宗严; 邱莉霞; 帅俊; 曾泰生

    2012-01-01

    To investigate the epidemiological characteristics and development trend of syphilis in Futian District of Shenzhen City, and to provide a scientific basis for instituting and adjusting the strategy of syphilis control. Methods Surveillance data about syphilis epidemic situation in Futian District from 2007 to 2011 were statistically analyzed. Results A total of 5,542 cases of syphilis were reported in Futian District from 2007 to 2011, and the incidence rate of syphilis was 88.84/ 100,000, with an average annual growth rate of 1.93%. The average annual growth rate of latent syphilis was 9.66% , while the yearly descending rate of other syphilis (including stage 1, stage II and stage III syphilis and congenital syphilis) was 7.87 %. No statistically significant difference was found in the total incidence rate of syphilis between men and women (P = 0.72). The female incidence rate of latent syphilis was higher than that in the males (P<0. 001), while the female incidence rate of other syphilis was lower than that in the males (P<0.001). Conclusions In recent years, the incidence of syphilis is at a high level in Futian District. In order to control the development of syphilis epidemic, it is necessary to enhance health education and behavioral interventions, improve the awareness of syphilis screening among the population, and establish the prevention and control mode that centralized control of syphilis patients interacts with follow- up.%目的 了解深圳市福田区梅毒流行的特点和发展趋势,为制订和调整梅毒防控策略提供科学依据.方法 对福田区2007-2011年梅毒疫情监测资料进行统计和分析.结果 2007-2011年深圳市福田区共报告梅毒5542例,发病率为88.84/10万,年均上升速度为1.93%,其中隐性梅毒发病率年均上升9.66%,非隐性梅毒(指一期、二期、三期和胎传梅毒)年均下降7.87%;梅毒总的发病率男女差异无统计学意义(P=0.72);各期梅毒中,隐性梅毒

  9. Extractable organic matter in PM{sup 10} from LiWan district of Guangzhou City, PR China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bi, Xinhui; Sheng, Guoying; Peng, Peng an; Zhang, Zhiqiang; Fu, Jiamo [State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry, Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Environment and Resources, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 510640 Guangzhou (China)

    2002-12-02

    PM{sub 10} (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter <10 {mu}m) samples were collected at LiWan District of Guangzhou, PR China during April and July 2001 using a high volume air sampler to determine the distributions of homologous compounds and biomarkers. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) including non-alkylated PAHs, methyl-alkylated PAHs, and some PAHs containing S/O atoms and n-alkanes were measured using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis. The {sigma}n-alkane and {sigma}PAHs ranged from 26.4 to 719.2 ng/m{sup 3} and 7.4 to 159.4 ng/m{sup 3}, respectively. A seasonal fluctuation was clearly evident with higher concentrations occurring during the colder months (April). In addition, some compositional differences are observed for the organic compounds in samples collected from different heights above ground level. Higher sites had a significant contribution from vascular plant wax. The presence of petroleum products with no carbon number preference, pristane, phytane and a significant unresolved complex mixture (UCM) with unresolved to resolved components ratio (U/R) of 6.2-13.2 confirm the petroleum component. The relative distribution of n-alkanes and the values of molecular diagnostic ratio, such as carbon preference index (CPI) values ranging from 1.0 to 1.4 (for the whole range of n-alkanes), indicated the importance of petroleum and diesel residues and gasoline emissions, as well as the minor contribution of n-alkanes emitted directly from epicuticular waxes. Indeed, the percent contribution of leaf 'wax' n-alkanes (5.2-19.4%) indicated a low contribution of biogenic sources. The fossil fuel biomarkers, hopanes and steranes were observed in the PM{sub 10} samples, which indicate a petroleum origin. The distribution pattern of PAHs was characteristic of anthropogenic emissions. Coupling carbon number maximum (C{sub max}), CPI, U/R values, molecular marker and molecular diagnostic ratios for alkanes and PAHs revealed a

  10. Human Resources and Vaccine Management at Provincial Health Office, District/City Health Office and Primary Health Centre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Leny Susyanty

    2015-03-01

    (GAIN UCI 2010–2014 stated that the general problems of decline in immunization coverage and quality of service were caused by several things, one of which is the lack of quantity, quality and distribution of human resources. Methods: A cross-sectional mix-method study to investigate human resources in vaccine management had been conducted in two provinces in 2012. Primary data were collected by interviewing stakeholders thoroughly, secondary data collection and observation were also carried out. Analysis was done by scoring for data concerning education, length of employment, training experience and knowledge. Result:The number of Vaccine management officers are still lacking. While the immunization guidelines required minimal two officers for each health centers. Officers’ knowledge in primary health centers is still inadequate, especially in terms of the vaccine and Coldchain (Ice Lined Refrigerators. Officers at Provincial Health Office had been trained in vaccine management, but not all officers at District Health Office and Primary Health Centers had received training yet. Suggestion: This study suggests the addition of the quantity and quality of human resources in vaccine management, because the officers can affect the quality of the vaccines, because vaccines need a special handling to maintain the quality to provide immunity and prevent the occurrence of diseases that can be prevented by immunization (PD3I.Key words: vaccine, human resources, training, knowledge

  11. Minneapolis district-heating options

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stovall, T. K.; Borkowski, R. J.; Karnitz, M. A.; Strom, S.; Linwick, K.

    1981-10-01

    The feasibility of a large-scale district heating system for the Minneapolis central city area was investigated. The analysis was based on a previous city of St. Paul Hot-water district heating study and other studies done by a Swedish engineering firm. Capital costs such as building and heat source conversion, pipeline construction, and equipment were used in comparing the projected expenses of various district heating scenarios. Options such as coal, refuse-derived fuel burning, and cogeneration at the Riverside Power Station were discussed as energy supplies for a cost-effective district heating system.

  12. District heating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The papers presented at this meeting dealt with an international comparison of district heating, the Swiss district heating network, political aspects of nuclear district heating, nuclear and non-nuclear sources for district heating. 17 figs., 6 tabs

  13. Smoking among Middle Students in Huairou District of Beijing City%北京市怀柔区中学生吸烟情况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫瑾; 张涛

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the smoking status of middle school students in Huairou District of Beijing City, to explore the school tobacco control mode, to reduce school students smoking rate, and provide a scientific basis for creating smoke-free schools. [ Methods] According to the classification of primary and secondary school in Beijing, completely random sampling method was adopted to select 3 secondary schools, 3 high schools, and 1 vocational high school in Huairou District. Cluster sampling was conducted in each grade to meet the needs of sample size. The study required the gender ratio of 1:1 in each school as far as possible. [Results]The survey results showed that attempting smoking rate and current smoking rates were 29.7% and 17.2% which were basically in line with the national level. [Conclusion] Smoking status of middle school students can not be ignored. Government and education departments should develop targeted smoking control policy in line with the characteristics of students to guide the activities related to health hazards of smoking in schools so as to reduce the harm of tobacco on students.%目的:了解北京市怀柔区中学生吸烟现况,探索学校控烟模式,降低中学生吸烟率,为创建无烟学校提供科学依据.方法:2010年9月根据北京市对中小学的分类,利用完全随机抽样方法抽取怀柔区初级中学3所、高级中学3所、职业高中1所,在每所学校内按顺序抽取不同年级的学生,在每一年级内对学生进行整群抽样,满足样本量需求.要求每所学校男女比例尽量一致符合1:1.结果:该学生尝试吸烟率与现在吸烟率分别为29.7%和17.2%,怀柔区中学生烟草使用率基本与全国水平持平.结论:中学生吸烟的现状不容忽视,政府和教育部门应制定有针对性的符合学生特点的控制吸烟政策,指导学校开展吸烟危害健康的相关活动,从而减少烟草对中学生的危害.

  14. Legislative Districts - Senate Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This layer represents the Arkansas State Senate district boundaries adopted by the Arkansas Board of Apportionment on July 29, 2011. The Board of Apportionment,...

  15. Legislative Districts - House Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This layer represents the Arkansas State House of Representatives district boundaries adopted by the Arkansas Board of Apportionment on July 29, 2011. The Board of...

  16. 黄山市屯溪区幼儿教师素质状况及对策研究%Research on quality status of preschool teachers in Tunxi District of Huangshan City and countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永杰; 豆妍妍

    2013-01-01

    笔者通过调查得出黄山市屯溪区幼儿教师素质的现状,分析影响黄山市屯溪区幼儿教师素质状况的因素,主要包括教育投入不足、理体制不完善、幼儿教师社会地位低、经济待遇差等方面,进而提出相应的对策。%The author surveys the status quo of the quality of kindergarten teachers in Tunxi region of Huangshan City, analyzes the factors affecting quality of preschool teachers in Huangshan City Tunxi district, including insufficient investment in education, management system is not perfect, the social status of preschool teachers is low, economic benefits is poor and so on, then put forward the corresponding countermeasure.

  17. Fire and EMS Districts, Tornado Warning Sirens ploygon layer used to determine the reach of the sirens, Published in unknown, City of Roswell, GA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Fire and EMS Districts dataset as of unknown. It is described as 'Tornado Warning Sirens ploygon layer used to determine the reach of the sirens'. Data by this...

  18. Metropolitan Development Districts, Emporia-Lyon County Metropolitan Planning Area, Published in 2003, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Emporia/Lyon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Metropolitan Development Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of...

  19. Fire and EMS Districts, Warning Sirens point file to determine where the sirens are located., Published in unknown, City of Roswell, GA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Fire and EMS Districts dataset as of unknown. It is described as 'Warning Sirens point file to determine where the sirens are located.'. Data by this publisher...

  20. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Enterprise Zones - polygons. Special tax abatements for development, Published in 2009, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, City of Salina.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of...

  1. Prevalence and risk factors of primary open-angle glaucoma in a city of Eastern China: a population-based study in Pudong New District, Shanghai

    OpenAIRE

    He, Jiangnan; Zou, Haidong; Lee, Richard K.; Tong, Xiaowei; Tang, Wenli; Zhang, Yi; Zhao, Rong; Ge, Ling

    2015-01-01

    Background The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of primary open-angle glaucoma among the urban population of Pudong New District, Shanghai. Methods Three residents’ committees were randomly selected from Pudong New District, and residents aged 50 and older were screened for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) from March to April 2011. In remote screening, the tests on visual acuity, refraction, intraocular pressure (IOP), and the photographs of ant...

  2. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Enterprise Zone within Emporia city limits. These sites are allowed discounted building permit fees., Published in 2010, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Emporia/Lyon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of...

  3. Election Districts and Precincts, Boundaries of the Voter Wards and Precincts in the City of Baltimore, MD., Published in 2008, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, City of Baltimore.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Election Districts and Precincts dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of...

  4. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Municipal Service Area - area defined by Ordinance that provides for the City jurisdiction related to development and future growth, Published in 2009, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, City of Topeka.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2009. It...

  5. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Shapefile of City of Granbury Historic Neighborhood Interprise/Empowerment Zone, Published in 2007, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, City of Granbury.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2007....

  6. Deer City Legend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUHUANZHI; LILIKUN

    2003-01-01

    MORE and more commodities,such as clothes,shoes,millinery,lighters and shavers,now bear the “Made in Wenzhou”mark.It woule appear that Wenzhou grooms the whole nation.Lucheng(deer city)District in central Wenzhou is the nucleus of the city's thriving light industry sector.

  7. CHONGQING, the Hot City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Chongqing is a well-known city with a history of more than 3,000 years. It is a famous historical and cultural city in China. Chongqing is the birthplace of the Bayu Culture. At present, Chongqing is a municipality directly under the Central Government with the largest area, the most administrative districts and the largest population.

  8. "Urban improvement districts" als Instrumente lokaler Governance

    OpenAIRE

    Böhme, René; Warsewa, Günter

    2014-01-01

    The exploratory study examines the implementation of Urban Improvement Districts (umbrella term for Innovationsquartiere, Housing Improvement Districts, Neighbourhood Improvement Districts, Eigentümer-Standort-Gemeinschaften, lokale Bürgeretats etc.) in three German cities and makes up a balance of ef-fects identified in practical experiences with this new instrument of participative urban design. According to the concept of Business Improvement Districts, citizens, real estate owners and fur...

  9. A Policy Review on The Distribution of Health Operational Aid Funds in Achieving Maternal and Child Health Program (MDGs 4, 5 in Three Districts/Cities of East Java Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niniek Lely Pratiwi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Health Policy Regulation Number 494/Menkes/SK/IV/2010 on the distribution of BOK funds to local government is one of the government’s responsibility for the development of public health in improving health promotion and prevention efforts in order to accelerate the achievement of MDGs in Health. The purpose of the study is to provide policy recommendations regarding to BOK in achieving the goals of maternal and child health programs. Methods: Secondary data review of the district health profile in 2009-2011 and analysis on the primary data collected from focus group discussion (FGD with invited technical implementor from district health office and health centers as well as some of the staffs of the local government that handle BOK. Results: The decline in maternal and infant mortality rates are still slow and cases of malnutrition increased from the three profile data review Sampang, Gresik and Sidoarjo. Local governments pay little commitment in developing priority strategies of maternal and child health programs in the form of a local action and innovation plan. BOK preventive promotive activities are lacking of monitoring and accountability controls, especially in health centers located far from the district center. Financial accountability is less precise to the programs and targetes, having seen the data of maternal and child health outcomes KN1-KN4 coverage which rose in 2010, but then fell back in 2011. Conclusion: Evaluation and monitoring are needed on the utilization of BOK funds, supervising the activities by the district/city health office, as well as by local community leaders. Prioritise monitoring the health centers in the area with high MMR and IMR. Suggestion: Needed routine and periodic mentoring and coaching in the form of technical assistance related to the utilization of BOK.

  10. Relationship Between Distribution of Residents’ Travels and Intensity of Mixed Land-use:A Case Study on Central Districts of Guangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    <正>In recent years,the land-use structure of Guangzhou City has greatly changed along with the expansion of city size and the trans-formation of spatial layout,employment market,and real estate market,influencing in consequence the layouts of housing and employment and then the distribution of residents’ travels.The study on the relationship between the distribution of residents’ travels

  11. 2010年佛山市禅城区小学生恒牙龋病调查分析%Investigation of the Status of Permanent Tooth Caries of Schoolchildren in Chancheng District of Foshan City in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄诺蓓; 李志强; 翟炜东; 陈志斌; 王新

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status of permanent tooth caries of schildren in Chancheng district of Foshan city to provide scientific bases for prevention and treatment on caries. Methods Based on guideline for 3 rd national oral health survey, a multistage equal-sized and simple random sampling survey was applied in Chancheng district school children of Foshan city. Results The permanent tooth caries prevalence rate was 4.96% in 7-year-old age group,12.19% in 9-year-old and 23. 13% in 12-year-old. And the DMFT was 0. 10, 0. 22, and 0.43 respectively. There was no significant difference between permanent tooth caries prevalence rate and DMFT in sexual distinction of schoolchildren in Chancheng district of Foshan city schoolchild in 2010, while there was significant difference in age. Conclusion It was important to strengthen the education of the oral hygiene knowledge, decrease the permanent tooth caries prevalence rate and increase the caries filling rate.%目的 了解佛山市禅城区小学生的龋病情况,为龋病的防治工作提供参考.方法 参照第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查龋病检查标准,采用多阶段等容量随机抽样方法,对佛山市禅城区小学生进行恒牙龋病调查.结果 2010年佛山市禅城区小学生患龋率7岁组为4.69%,9岁组为12.19%,12岁组为23.13%,龋均分别为0.10、0.22、0.43.患龋率和龋均在不同年龄组间的差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),7岁组的最低,12岁组的最高;各年龄组患龋率、龋均的性别差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 加强口腔卫生知识宣教,降低龋病患病率,提高小学生龋齿充填率是目前工作的重点.

  12. Epidemiological Characteristics of Dengue Fever in Nanshan District of Shenzhen City in 2014%深圳市南山区2014年登革热疫情流行病学特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅燕艳; 戴传文; 叶俊; 晏渠如; 廖志林; 唐寒梅; 毛绍菊; 孙玮璇; 黄鹏

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT:Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of dengue fever in Nanshan district of shenzhen City in 2014.Methods The information regarding local dengue fever epidemic was obtained through China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention,and a de-scriptive epidemiological method was used to analyze the epidemiological characteristics of regis-tered cases.Results A total of 104 cases of dengue fever (103 from laboratory diagnosis and 1 from clinical diagnosis)were reported in Nanshan district of Shenzhen city in 2014,including 57 local cases,46 imported cases and 1 case of dengue fever of unknown causes.The incidence rate of dengue fever was 9.29 per 100 000 and no death was reported.The epidemic period was from late July to late December,and the peak month was October.Dengue fever cases were found in every street of the district,and the majority was located in Shekou street.The imported cases were mainly from Southeast Asian countries.Conclusion The occurrence of dengue fever had a wide range and lasted for a long duration in Nanshan district of Shenzhen city in 2014.Both imported cases and local cases were present in this district.%目的:分析深圳市南山区2014年登革热疫情的流行病学特征。方法通过中国疾病预防控制信息系统获得本地登革热疫情信息,采用描述性流行病学方法对登记调查的病例进行流行病学特征分析。结果深圳市南山区2014年报告登革热患者104例,其中实验室诊断登革热103例,临床诊断登革热1例。输入性登革热患者46例,本地登革热患者57例,不明感染原因的登革热患者1例,发病率为9.29/10万,无死亡病例。流行季节在7月下旬至12月下旬,高峰在10月。全区各个街道均出现登革热患者,以蛇口街道居多。输入性登革热的输入来源地主要以东南亚国家为主。结论2014年深圳市南山区登革热发病范围广,持续时间长,输入性

  13. Expansion Strategy of Agricultural Industrial Chain of Suburban Villages and Towns in the Process of Urbanization——A Case Study of Yongle Town in Nanming District of Guiyang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of introducing the connotation of agricultural industrial chain, taking Yongle Town in Nanming District of Guiyang City as an example, this paper analyzes the advantages and constraint factors of the suburban villages and towns in the process of expanding agricultural industrial chain in the context of urbanization. Corresponding strategies of expanding the agricultural industrial chain of Yongle Town in the process of urbanization as follows: vigorously develop the leading enterprises; strengthen the construction of farmers’ specialized cooperatives and agricultural associations; build and perfect agricultural industrial chain organizations; set up the public information platform; rely on the food industrial park to propel the deep processing of agricultural products; vigorously develop the logistics of agricultural products; promote the development of operation model of "brand+ standard+ scale"; vigorously develop ecology-oriented rural tourism; give full play to the functional role of the government.

  14. Analysis on Epidemiological Characteristics of Food Poisoning in Qingcheng District of Qingyuan City during 2004-2010%2004-2010年清远市清城区食物中毒流行特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎晓鸿; 黎智怡; 王国彬

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective ] To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of food poisoning in Qingcheng district of Qingyuan city during 2004- 2010, provide the basis for further prevention and control of food poisoning. [ Methods] The food poisoning occurred in Qingcheng district of Qingyuan city during 2004 - 2010 were analyzed by retrospective epidemiology. [ Results] There were 45cases of food poisoning in Qingcheng district of Qingyuan city during 2004 - 2010, 759 people were poisoned, the annual morbidity was 19. 30/lakh, and the fatality rate was 0. The quarter 1 and 2 were the peak season. The main pathogenic cause was bacteria, which accounted for 48.8%, followed by unexplained food poisoning ( 28.89% ). The places of food poisoning were mainly cafeteria, which accounted for 35.56%, followed by restaurants (33.33% ). [ Conclusion] The food poisoning occurred in Qingcheng district of Qingyuan city during 2004 - 2010 were mainly bacterial food poisoning in cafeteria. Most of food poisoning occurred in family were caused by plant and animal toxicants, which were severe. The effective ways of prevention and control of food poisoning include enhancing the propaganda of food hygiene, strengthening the health management in factory cafeteria and improving the public consciousness of food hygiene.%目的 对清远市清城区2004-2010年食物中毒的流行特征进行分析,为进一步预防和控制食物中毒提供依据.方法 用回顾性流行病学方法 对清远市清城区2004-2010年发生的食物中毒进行分析.结果 清远市清城区2004-2010年共发生食物中毒45起,中毒人数759人,年均发病率为19.30/10万,病死率为0;中毒多发生在第2、3季度;致病因素以细菌性为主,占48.89% ,其次是原因不明的食物中毒,占28.89% ;中毒发生场所以集体食堂为主,占35.56% ,其次是饮食服务单位,占33.33%.结论 清远市清城区食物中毒以集体食堂发生的细菌性食物中毒为主,家庭发生的食

  15. The Status and Countermeasures of Development on Plates Processing Enterprises in Yongqiao District of Suzhou City%宿州市埇桥区板材加工企业发展现状及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉侠

    2012-01-01

    以宿州市埇桥区板材加工企业为对象,从板材加工企业现状、运行机制、资金来源等多方面进行分析,探讨改善和加强板材加工企业发展的方法和措施,为地方经济发展提供一定科学的依据。%This paper aimd at some plate processing enterp rises in Yongqiao District of Suzhou City,analyzed the status of platcs processing enterprises,their operation mechanism,sources of funding.Measures to improve and strengthen the development of platcs processing enterprises were explored and provided a scientific basis for local economic development.

  16. 2004-2010年沈阳市和平区肺结核流行特征%Epidemic characteristics of TB in Heping District of Shenyang City from 2004-2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马宁; 沈华

    2012-01-01

    目的 掌握沈阳市和平区肺结核发病强度和流行特征,为制定肺结核防制规划提供依据.方法 利用描述流行病学方法分析该市肺结核相关疫情数据.结果 2004-2010年沈阳市和平区肺结核年均报告发病率为60.31/10万,各年度报告发病率差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);男女性别比为2.26:1,男性报告发病率为83.74/10万,女性报告发病率为36.98/10万,男女肺结核报告发病率差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);其他、家务及待业2项职业报告肺结核病例数居分别占报告病例数的37.21%、22.52%,20~59岁年龄组报告发病数占75.12%.结论 沈阳市和平区肺结核发病季节高峰不明显,男性报告发病率明显高于女性,发病职业高峰明显,呈典型的青壮年高发趋势.该区应加强组织领导,落实各项保证措施;加强培训,提高结核病专业人员的业务能力和管理水平;强化疫情报告,做好肺结核疑似病例的追踪、随访和订正工作;搞好肺结核患者的规范化治疗,提高全民防范意识和水平.%[ Objective ] To understand the disease intensity and epidemic characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) in Heping District of Shenyang City, and provide evidence for developing TB control programs. [Methods]Descriptive epidemiology was adopted to analyze the epidemic data of TB in Shenyang City. [ Results ] The reported TB incidence in Heping District of Shenyang City from 2004-2010 was 60.31/100 000, the difference between years was significant (P<0.01), the ratio of male to female was 2.26: 1, the reported incidence of male was 83.74/100 000, that of female was 36.98/100 000, the difference between genders was significant! P <0.01). The TB cases of other occupation, housework and unemployed accounted for 37.21% , 22.52% of total reported cases. The cases aged 20-59 years occupied 75. 12% of total cases. [ Conclusion] In Heping District of Shenyang City, Seasonal peak incidence of TB is not

  17. Government Districts, Other - Montana Administrative Boundary Web Mapping Service

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Montana Administrative Boundaries Map Service includes the following boundaries: State, County, Incorporated City/Town, Reservation, School Districts, Tax Increment...

  18. Prediction and Assessment of the Environmental Noise in Xiuzhou District of Jiaxing City%嘉兴市秀洲区环境噪声预测及评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈红霞; 胡俐帆; 陶岩英

    2011-01-01

    运用模糊聚类方法对秀洲区环境噪声质量进行分析,判断该区域的总体噪声污染水平.根据道路交通现状与规划情况,通过分析,简化运用FHWA模型,对秀洲区2011、2015和2020年的道路交通噪声污染情况进行定量预测,为秀洲区声环境质量保护目标的制定提供依据,可供其它城镇预测交通噪声的参考.%Fuzzy clustering method is used to analyze the environmental noise quality of Xiuzhou district and determine the overall level of noise pollution of this region. According to comprehensive analysis of the present road traffic situation and the city planning, the road traffic noise pollution in 2011, 2015 and 2020 years is quantitatively predicted by means of the simplified FHWA model. This paper may provide references for the environment quality protection of Xiuzhou district and prediction of traffic noise pollution levels of some other areas.

  19. Status Quo Analysis of Elderly People Taking Part in Table Tennis in Dongchangfu District of Liaocheng City%聊城市东昌府区老年人参加乒乓球运动的现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛维娜

    2015-01-01

    运用文献资料、问卷调查等研究方法,对聊城市东昌府区(古楼街道、柳园街道等5个街道)的老年人进行调查并对数据进行整理分析,结果显示聊城市东昌府区老年人参加乒乓球运动的主要动机是锻炼身体、娱乐。聊城市东昌府区乒乓球全民健身基础较弱,聊城市相关体育部和体育工作者缺乏有效的宣传和有效的组织,聊城市东昌府区老年人尚未形成乒乓球健身的意识。%With methods of literature and questionnaire,the paper investigates elderly people of Dongchangfu district of Liaocheng city (5 streets including Gulou street and Willow Park neighborhood) and conducts comprehensive analysis of the data.Results show that major motivation of elderly people in Dongchangfu district taking part in table tennis is to keep fit and have entertainment.Base for table tennis fitness for all in Dongchangfu district is feeble;related sports department in Liaocheng and sports workers lack effective advocacy and effective organization;elderly people haven’t formed the awareness of keeping fit by table tennis.

  20. Boise geothermal district heating system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanson, P.J.

    1985-10-01

    This document describes the Boise geothermal district heating project from preliminary feasibility studies completed in 1979 to a fully operational system by 1983. The report includes information about the two local governments that participated in the project - the City of Boise, Idaho and the Boise Warm Springs Water District. It also discusses the federal funding sources; the financial studies; the feasibility studies conducted; the general system planning and design; design of detailed system components; the legal issues involved in production; geological analysis of the resource area; distribution and disposal; the program to market system services; and the methods of retrofitting buildings to use geothermal hot water for space heating. Technically this report describes the Boise City district heating system based on 170/sup 0/F water, a 4000 gpm production system, a 41,000 foot pipeline system, and system economies. Comparable data are also provided for the Boise Warm Springs Water District. 62 figs., 31 tabs.

  1. Districting and Government Overspending

    OpenAIRE

    Reza Baqir

    2001-01-01

    The common-pool problem is a central issue in the relationship between the political structure of jurisdictions and the size of public spending. Models predict that, other things being equal, greater political districting of a jurisdiction raises the scale of government. This paper presents new evidence on this and related predictions from a cross-section of city governments in the United States. The main finding is that one additional legislator is associated, on average, with 3 percent larg...

  2. Analysis on individual external dose level of radiation workers in Baodi District of Tianjin City%天津市宝坻区放射工作人员外照射个人剂量水平分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘河; 邢雅素

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解天津市宝坻区放射工作人员外照射个人剂量水平,为放射防护提供科学依据.方法 采用热释光剂量测量方法对宝坻区2007-2011年放射工作人员的个人剂量进行检测分析.结果 宝坻区5年内监测放射工作人员626人次,人均年有效剂量均数为0.57 mSv/a,每年低于5mSv的人员占当年总监测人数的98.7%以上;不同工种之间,以介入治疗和放射治疗较高,分别为1.74和1.00 mSv/a.结论 该区放射工作人员个人剂量人均剂量水平较低,但应将从事介入治疗和放射治疗的工作人员做为防护的重点.%[Objective ] To understand the individual external dose level of radiation workers in Baodi District of Tianjin City, and provide scientific evidence for radiological protection. [ Methods ] The individual external dose level of radiation worker was determined by thermoluminescence dosimetry in Baodi District of Tianjin City from 2007-2011. [Results] A total of 626 person-times of radiation worker monitory was performed in 5 years, the mean value of annual effective dose per capita was 0.57 mSv/a, and that of above 98.7% monitored radiation workers was less than 5 mSv. Among different occupations, the mean value of annual effective dose per capita was higher in interventional treatment (1.74 mSv/a) and radiation therapy (1.00 mSv/a). [ Conclusion] The per capita dose level and individual dose level of radiation worker are relatively low in this district, while the workers engaged in inter-ventional treatment and radiation therapy should been taken as focus group of protection.

  3. 1996~2010年广西崇左市江州区疟疾监测%Result of malaria surveillances in Jiangzhou District of Chongzuo City in 1996-2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈远东

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析1996~2010年崇左市江州区疟疾监测结果,评价防治效果,为制定监测措施提供科学依据.方法 收集1996~2010年原崇左县卫生防疫站和江州区的疟疾疫情资料和疟疾监测数据,进行统计分析.结果崇左市江州区疟疾发病率从1996年的0.60/10万下降至2006~2010年的0.00,流动人口血检6 030人次,共检出20例阳性病例,均为输入性病例,疟原虫阳性率为0.81%.当地居民发热病人血栓107 924人次,未发现疟原虫阳性.结论 疟疾防治措施有效,加强流动人口疟疾管理与监测是巩固疟防成果的一项重要措施.%Objective To analyze the results of malaria control and the epidemic features of malaria in Jiangzhou District of Chongzuo City in 1996~2010,evaluate control measures and provide basis for making control measures. Methods The data concerning malaria infection and control in Jiangzhou District of Chongzuo City during the period in 1996~2010 were collected and statistically analyzed. Restlts Malaria incidence in Jiangzhou District dropped from 0.60/100 000 in 1996 to 0 in 2006~2010,6 030 febrile patients in mobile population was examined and 20 malaria cases were detected with a positive rate of 0.81% and they were all imported malaria cases. There 107 924 local febrile patients were examined and no malaria case was found. Conclusion The measures of prevention and control of malaria are effective and strengthening management of mobile population and malaria surveillance are the an important measures for malaria control.

  4. 重庆江北区混合品牌汽车卖场规划选址研究%Study on the Site Selection of Mixed Brand Car Sales in Jiangbei District of Chongqing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗国庆; 肖艾华

    2014-01-01

    To carry out the development strategy of the “sci-entific development, city prosperity”proposed on the City Fo-urth Party Congress of the and to optimize the industrial str-ucture of Jiangbei District, and to promote economic devel-opment, combined with planning and transformation of the old land area, the paper put forward opinions and suggestions for the site recommended for luxury cars mal , providing some th-eory support industrial structure adjustment and economic de-velopment of the region in the future.%为贯彻落实市第四次党代会提出的“科学发展、富民兴渝”发展战略,优化江北区内产业结构,促进经济发展,本文结合区内土地利用规划和旧城改造,提出了推荐名车广场的规划选址意见和建议,为未来区内产业结构调整和经济发展提供了理论决策支撑。

  5. The content of 137 Cs, 90 Sr and the natural radioactive series in the mineral water and tobacco in the two Tienlang and Vinhbao districts of Haiphong city

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    By method of gamma and beta spectra we have studied the content of 137 Cs, 90 Sr and the natural radioactive series in the mineral water and tobacco of the two Tienlang and Vinhbao districts of Haiphong Suburb. The results give evidence of the content of these radioactive isotopes to be very low and nearly not present in these objects. This also gives evidence of to tobacco and the mineral water of Haiphong Suburb are the pure products on the radioactive aspect. (author). 1 ref., 2 figs., 2 tabs

  6. Analysis of death causes of reproductive women in Liwan District Guangzhou City 2009 to 2014%2009~2014年广州市荔湾区育龄妇女死因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯桂芬; 农蔚娟; 肖金松; 唐敏

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze the primary death causes of reproductive women in Liwan District Guangzhou City from 2009 to 2014, in order to provide evidence for the discussion of correlative intervention measures.Methods To retrospectively analyze the mortality data of reproductive women of resident population in Liwan District from 2009 to 2014. Results The mortality rate of reproductive women in Liwan District during the 6 years was 60.64/0.1million, the differences of which was no statistical significance among each years(P<0.05). The primary death cause was malignant tumor which was caused by the first three of breast cancer, lung cancer, and liver cancer. More than half of the reproductive women, who were 30 years or older, were died from malignant tumor. ConclusionThe primary death cause of reproductive women in Liwan District during the 6 years is malignant tumor. It is better to positively study the effective intervention measures to reduce the mortality of reproductive women.%目的:分析荔湾区2009~2014年间育龄妇女死亡的主要原因,为探讨相关干预措施提供依据。方法对荔湾区2009~2014年户籍人口的育龄妇女死亡资料进行回顾性分析。结果6年间荔湾区育龄妇女死亡率60.64/10万,各年度间育龄妇女死亡率的差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。死因的首位是恶性肿瘤。恶性肿瘤死因构成的前三位是乳腺癌、肺癌、肝癌。30岁以上死亡的育龄妇女人群中超过一半均因为恶性肿瘤而死亡。结论6年间荔湾区育龄妇女死亡的主要原因是恶性肿瘤,应积极探讨有效的干预措施,减少育龄妇女死亡。

  7. The Retail City in Greater Birmingham – The changing face of urban retail districts as a result of retail-led regeneration and containment policy

    OpenAIRE

    Hermanus Geyer Jr

    2011-01-01

    The paper critically reviews retail-led regeneration and retail containment polices and their effects on the urban retail in the UK by analysing the effect that retail-led mega-schemes regeneration projects have on the economic growth of inner cities. There is significant controversy whether mega-schemes in retail-led regeneration initiatives contribute to the growth of local economies or whether it leads to the pitch shifting and marginalisation of local retail. The research focuses on two n...

  8. The Retail City in Greater Birmingham - The changing face of urban retail districts as a result of retail-led regeneration and containment policy

    OpenAIRE

    Jr, Hermanus Geyer

    2011-01-01

    The paper critically reviews retail-led regeneration and retail containment polices and their effects on the urban retail in the UK by analysing the effect that retail-led mega-schemes regeneration projects have on the economic growth of inner cities. There is significant controversy whether mega-schemes in retail-led regeneration initiatives contribute to the growth of local economies or whether it leads to the pitch shifting and marginalisation of local retail. The research focuses on two n...

  9. SWOT Analysis of Bamboo Industry Development in Jianyang District Nanping City, Fujiang%福建南平市建阳区竹产业发展SWOT分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛昌华

    2015-01-01

    运用 SWOT方法系统分析了福建省南平市建阳区竹产业发展所具有的优势、劣势及面临的机遇与威胁,提出南平市建阳区竹产业发展的战略、对策与建议。研究结果表明:南平市建阳区竹产业发展优势比较明显,同时具有前所未有的机遇,但也存在着劣势和外在威胁;应结合本区域自身特点,扬长避短,实现竹产业经济的可持续发展。%The strengths, weaknesses, external opportunities and threats of bamboo industry in Jianyang District had been systematically analyzed using SWOT method. And then the strategies, advises and countermeasures were pro-posed. The research results showed that the bamboo industry development had obvious advantages with unprecedented opportunities in Jianyang while there were also some weakness and external threats. Therefore, the district needs to fos-ter strengths and circumvent weaknesses based on its own characteristics aos as to achieve the sustainable development of bamboo industry.

  10. Allegheny County Magisterial Districts Outlines (2015)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset shows the magisterial districts in Allegheny County. If viewing this description on the Western Pennsylvania Regional Data Center’s open data portal...

  11. Kansas City Plots Next Steps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finkel, Ed

    2012-01-01

    Kansas City (Missouri) Public Schools is at a crossroads. The district has struggled for decades with poor academic achievement, dwindling enrollment and budget, and short-term superintendents--27 in the past 40 years. Most recently, after a two-year stint during which he helped the district get its financial house in order, closing nearly half of…

  12. [The Current State of Intercultural Opening in Psychosocial Services--The Results of an Assessment in an Inner-City District of Berlin].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penka, Simone; Faißt, Hanna; Vardar, Azra; Borde, Theda; Mösko, Mike Oliver; Dingoyan, Demet; Schulz, Holger; Koch, Uwe; Kluge, Ulrike; Heinz, Andreas

    2015-09-01

    The need for intercultural opening of supply facilities for improving access and treatment of people with migration background is acknowledged in Germany. The purpose of the survey was to determine the current state of intercultural opening of psychosocial services in one Berlin district. 127 representatives of institutions were interviewed using a semi-structured assessment tool. The response rate was very high. The cross-cultural opening was implemented on a small scale. Staff as well as users with migration background were underrepresented. Varying and missing standardized documentation as well as problems in assessing users with migration background might be responsible for their low utilization rates. The use of professional interpreters was often not implemented. To judge the low level of implementation of cross-cultural opening in the psychosocial supply system in general, a review of responsible causes is required. PMID:26039370

  13. Investigation of AIDS among Female Sex Workers in A District of Shiyan City during 2009 -2010%十堰市某区2009-2010年暗娼人群艾滋病调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁洪新; 邓晓; 唐桂珍; 李郁; 毛立峰

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the population distribution of female sex workers in a district of Shiyan City, the status of HIV infection and AIDS prevention knowledge awareness, and provide the scientific basis for the development of outreach intervention measures.[Methods]A questionnaire survey was conducted among female sex workers in a district; ELJSA was used for detection of HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases.[Results]The total 800 female sex workers aged 16 -43 years old in the district, young adults aged 21 - 33 years accounted for 61.45% , most sex workers had education background of secondary school (43.73% ) and primary school (25. 64%). Unmarried accounted for 89. 26%; Female entertainment attendants accounted for 91. 45%. 89. 21% were migrant population. 217 cases of sexually transmitted diseases were detected, accounting for 27.13% , among which 43 had gonorrhea, 7 had syphilis, 64 had genital warts, 39 had non-gonococcal urethritis( cervicitis) , 16 had genital herpes, no one was infected HIV/AIDS. 457 persons used condoms in the last sex services, accounting for 57.13% ; 649 used condoms frequently, accounting for 81.13% ; 153 used condoms occasionally, accounting for 18.87%.[Conclusion]The female sex workers in the district of Shiyan City are dominated by migrant young adults with low education level who have high risks of sexually transmitted infections , and also the potential factors for the spread of AIDS. It suggested that health education should be strengthened for this population, as well as regular detection and behavioral interventions.%目的 了解我十堰某区暗娼人群分布、HⅣ感染现状及艾滋病预防知识知晓率,为制定切实可行的外展干预措施提供科学依据.方法 采用问卷方式对某区暗娼人群进行调查;采用ELISA方法进行HIV血清学检测及性病检测.结果 某区800例暗娼的年龄范围在16 ~43岁;其中21 ~35年龄段最多,占61.45%;初中(43.73%)和小学(25.64%)文

  14. Epidemiological analysis of rabies in Panyu District of Guangzhou City from 2008 to 2011%广州市番禺区2008~2011年狂犬病流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡炜儿; 李伟强; 苏宁

    2013-01-01

    目的 掌握广州市番禺区狂犬病门诊暴露人群的流行病学特征,以便为制订科学有效的狂犬病预防策略提供依据.方法 对2008~2011年在广州市番禺区狂犬病预防门诊接受诊疗的狂犬病暴露人群进行流行病学分析.结果 4年间共报告狂犬病暴露人数43 616例,呈高度散发,以7、8月份相对较多;暴露者以>14~44岁年龄段居多;周边街镇暴露水平比中心城区暴露水平低;伤人动物以家犬为主,占71.98%;受伤部位以下肢为主,占48.24%.结论 目前番禺区狂犬病暴露人群主要暴露因素为犬,为了有效降低人群狂犬病暴露水平,需加强养犬管理,尤其是家犬;加强狂犬病防治相关知识的普及;提高人群的自我保护意识及防护措施,以控制狂犬病的发生及发病.%Objective To grasp the epidemiological characteristics of rabies among the outpatient exposure population in Panyu District of Guangzhou City,in order to provide a basis for the development of scientific and effective rabies prevention strategy.Methods An epidemiological analysis was carried out among the rabies exposed population who received diagnosis and treatment in the rabies prevention outpatient department in Panyu District of Guangzhou City from 2008 to 2011.Results In the 4 years,a total of 43 616 people were reported for rabies exposure,which was highly sporadic and relatively intensive in July and August; among the exposed population,>14 to 44 years old people were the majority; the exposure level in surrounding streets and towns was lower than that in central city; the main attacking animal was domestic dog,accounting for 71.98%; the main wounded part was the lower limb,accounting for 48.24%.Conclusion The main exposure factor for the rabies exposed population in Panyu District is dog.In order to reduce the exposure level of rabies and control the occurrence of rabies,the management of dogs should be strengthened

  15. Survey of health literacy among four kinds of occupational population in Xuanwu District, Beijing City%北京市宣武区4类职业人群健康素养现况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张楠; 玉洁; 徐静; 王志颖

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the health literacy status of occupational population and the gaps of helath literacy between different occupational population in Xuanwu District, Beijing City. Methods Four kinds of occupational subjects were selected by multi-stage cluster random sampling and were investigated by questionnaires. Results The total rate of health literacy was 9. 5% among 4 kinds of occupation population in Xuanwu District, Beijing City. The levels of three mentions of health literacy (basic knowledge and concept, 33.7% ; health lifestyle and behavior, 14.9% ; basic skills, 18. 9% ) and the levels of five health issues of health literacy (safety and emergency, 55.4% ; scientific health concept, 45. 3% ; prevention of infectious diseases, 27. 8% ; basic medical care, 5. 8% ; prevention of chronic non-communicable diseases, 5. 7% ) were low. The health literacy levels of different education level of population and different income population were different, and the differences had statistical significance (P < 0. 05). Conclusion The total level of health literacy was low among 4 kinds of occupational population in Xuanwu District, Beijing City, and most persons did not hold health behaviors. The propaganda, education and surveillance of health literacy should be enhanced to improve the health literacy level of occupational population.%目的 了解北京市宣武区4类职业人群健康素养水平以及不同职业人群健康素养差异.方法 采用随机抽样的方法抽取4类职业人群作为调查对象并开展问卷调查.结果 北京市宣武区4类职业人群总体健康素养水平为9.5%、3个维度的健康素养水平(基本知识和理念33.7%、健康生活方式与行为14.9%、基本技能18.9%)、5类健康问题健康素养水平(安全与急救55.4%、科学健康观45.3%、传染病预防27.8%、基本医疗5.8%、慢性病预防5.7%)均较低;不同文化程度、收入水平职业人群

  16. Epidemiological analysis on rotavirus diarrhea in Bao'an District of Shenzhen City in 2010%2010年深圳市宝安区轮状病毒腹泻流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丽华; 李苑; 叶恋花; 熊田甜; 马智超

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To analyze the epidemiological status of rotavirus diarrhea in Baoan District of Shenzhen City in 2010, explore its epidemic law, and provide the scientific evidence for the prevention and control measures of rotavirus diarrhea. [ Methods] The data of 7 735 rotavirus diarrhea cases were collected from the infectious disease direct network reporting system in Baoan District of Shenzhen City in 2010, and were analyzed by descriptive epidemiological method. [ Results] In 20101 the annual incidence rate of rotavirus diarrhea was 124,81/lakh. The incidence rate of males and females was 167.80/lakh and 85.47/lakh respectively. The incidence rate of children and adults was respectively 121. 47/lakh and 3. 41 /lakh, and the difference was significant (x2 =22 277.749,F<0.01). 95.25% of patients were children under 5 years old. Among child patients, 98,87% were scattered children. 47.87% of adult patients were peasant workers. The peak season was November. 4 107 cases occurred in Xixiang, Fuyong and Guanlan street, which accounted for 53.09% of the total cases. [Conclusion]The main epidemiological characteristics of rotavirus diarrhea in Baoan District of Shenzhen City include: children patients account for high proportion, and most of them are scattered children, the incidence rate of males is higher than that of females, and peak season is autumn to winter.%目的 分析2010年深圳市宝安区轮状病毒腹泻流行概况,探索其流行规律,为控制轮状病毒腹泻疫情的预防控制提供科学依据.方法 收集2010年深圳市宝安区疫情网络上报的该地确诊轮状病毒腹泻的所有病例(7 735例)进行描述流行病学分析.结果 2010年深圳市宝安区轮状病毒腹泻的年发病率为124.81/10万,男性发病率167.80/10万,女性发病率85.47/10万,儿童与成人的发病率分别为121.47/10万、3.41/10万,儿童和成人轮状病毒发病率差异有统计学意义( x2=22 277.749,P <0.01);5岁

  17. A Survey of Human Resources State of Community Nursing Care in Wuhou District of Chengdu City%成都市武侯区社区护理人力资源现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈娇; 何海蓉

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To analyze the current status of human resources state of community nursing care in Wuhou district of Chengdu city, some reference could be provide for the development of community health service. Methods: Convenient sampling was carried out in a survey for nurses of 8 wuhou community health service centers in chengdu by questionnaire, a statistical analysis of it was made by using SPSS statistical analysis software. Results: The community nursing staf in Wuhou district showed lower in terms of age, educational level, professional title, also showed insuf icient to realize the importance of professional continuing education. Conclusion: The community nursing human resources play the vital role for the quality of community health service. We should perfect community nursing human resources construction, strengthen continuing education.%目的了解成都市武侯区社区护理人力资源状况,为合理配置社区护理人力资源、提高社区护理质量提供参考。方法采用方便抽样的方法,抽取成都市武侯区8家社区卫生服务中心护理人员进行问卷调查,资料统计运用统计软件SPSS进行分析。结果武侯社区卫生服务中心护士年龄、学历、职称偏低,对在职继续教育的重要性认识不足。结论完善社区护理人力资源建设,重视社区护士的在职继续教育培训,是提升社区卫生服务水平的关键。

  18. 厦门市集美区万达广场消费者行为调查分析%Investigation and Analysis of Consumers’Behaviors on Wanda Plaza of Jimei District,Xiamen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王美

    2015-01-01

    A questionnaire on the consumer behavior was launched among the consumers on Wanda Plaza of Jimei District, Xiamen City. Then the results were analyzed statistically. The consumers’ spending habits were the focus of the investigation on the basis of understanding the basic situation of con-sumer.The habits included the time and mode of transportation,shopping causes and habits,the con-sumption on Wanda Plaza,and the satisfaction of consumer.After analysis we know that Wanda Plaza has a very good market reputation and is a community-based commerical complex focusing on meeting the people’s basic needs.Finally,the reasonable recommendations could be provided for the further develop-ment of Wanda Plaza of Jimei District.%对厦门市集美区万达广场的消费者展开问卷调查,调查结果应用统计学的方法进行分析。在了解消费者基本情况的基础上,对消费者的消费习惯进行了重点调查。调查内容包括:消费者到万达广场的时间、交通方式、逛商场的原因、习惯、消费情况及对万达的满意度。分析可知,集美区的万达广场具有良好的市场口碑,是社区型的商业综合体,重点满足人们的基本生活需求。为集美区万达广场的进一步发展提出合理建议。

  19. Hygiene Monitoring of 5 Categories of Food in Zichuan District of Zibo City%淄博市淄川区5类食品的卫生监测结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高瑞云

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To sample and detect 5 categories of food produced by small-scale food production and business units in Zi-chuan District of Zibo City, and analyze the existing problem so as to improve food safety. [Methods]The sampling, testing and e-valuation of carbonated beverages, preserves, bakery ( bread) , frozen drinks, fruit (vegetable) juice were based on the national standards. [Results] The pass rate of carbonated beverages, preserves food, cakes and bread, frozen drinks, fruit (vegetable) juice was 48.1% , 50.7% , 86. 5% , 85. 2% , 75. 6% , respectively. [ Conclusion] The food safety of small-scale food production and business units was not optimistic in Zichuan District. Food safety management should be strengthened.%目的 对淄博市淄川区小规模食品生产、经营单位的5类食品进行采样检测,分析存在的问题,以搞好食品安全工作.方法 按国家标准进行碳酸饮料、蜜饯食品、糕点(面包)、冷冻饮品、果(蔬)汁饮料的采样检测和评价.结果 碳酸饮料合格率为48.1%,蜜饯食品合格率为50.7%,糕点、面包合格率为86.5%,冷冻饮品合格率为85.2%,果、蔬汁饮料合格率为75.6%.结论 淄川区小规模食品生产、经营单位的食品安全状况均存在一定问题,应加强食品安全管理工作.

  20. 青岛市黄岛区急诊伤害病例10539例的流行病学分析%Epidemiological Analysis of 10539 Emergency Patients with Injury in Huangdao District of Qingdao City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴钢; 张金太

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the epidemiological characteristics of emergency injuries in Huangdao district of Qingdao city, provide the scientific basis for making effective intervention measures. [ Methods]The data of emergency patients with injury in 6 surveillance hospitals in Huangdao district of Qingdao city were analyzed by descriptive epidemiology method. [ Results]10 539 injury cases in outpatient department were reported, which included 7 994 male cases and 2 545 female cases. 84. 82% of patients were people aged 20 ~ 64 years old. 28.28% of cases occurred on industrial and construction sites, and 20.56% occurred on road/street. The main causes of injuries were tumble/ fall, blunt injury, knife/sharp injury and traffic injury by motor vehicles. 75. 16% injuries were minor injury. [ Conclusion]Males and young adults are the high-risk population of emergency injury, and the main causes of injuries include tumble/ fall and blunt injury.%目的 了解青岛市黄岛区急诊伤害发生的特点,为制定有效的干预措施提供科学依据.方法 运用描述流行病学方法,对青岛市黄岛区6家监测医院2010年接诊的急诊伤害病例资料进行分析.结果 报告门诊伤害病例10539例,其中男性7994例,女性2545例;20~64岁的占84.82%;发生在工业及建筑场所、公路街道的分别占28.28%和20.56%;发生的主要原因是跌倒或坠落、钝器伤、刀或锐器伤、机动车车祸;轻度伤害占75.16%.结论 男性、青壮年是急诊伤害的主要人群,跌倒或坠落和钝器伤是伤害的主要原因.

  1. 大庆市大同区八井子乡石油污染现状及治理对策%Current Status and Control Countermeasures of Petroleum Contamination of Bajingzi Village, Datong District, Daqing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王悦明; 王继富; 李鑫; 陈丹宁; 周禹莹

    2014-01-01

    With regard to the current status of contamination caused by oil wells of Daqing Oil Field, soils in the farmland of Bajingzi Village, Datong District, Daqing City nearby the oil field were sampled and investigated for understanding of the situation of soil pollution near single oil well. Furthermore, rational recommendations were proposed regarding the oil pollution. In Bajingzi Village, Datong District, Daqing City, single well in the working state was taken as the centre and soils were sampled at the radius of 0, 20, 40 and 60m respectively from the single well for detection of the total amount of oil pollutants in the farmland. The results showed that the soils sampled horizontally all exceeded the limits of the national class I standard and the total amount of petroleum-based substances decreased with the increase of horizontal distance. The farmland soils near some certain single wells exceeded the limits of the national class II standard, maximally by 13.88 times, so they were in a dangerous level and measures should be taken immediately to control the petroleum contamination.%针对目前大庆油田工作油井污染现状,对大庆市大同区八井子乡油井附近农田土壤进行采样调查,以了解目前工作中单井附近土壤污染状况,并结合污染现状提出合理性建议;此次采样调查以单口油井为中心,分别以0、20、40和60 m为半径进行取土采样,检测耕地土壤的石油类物质总量。结果表明:横向采样的土壤全部超过国家第一级标准限值,石油类物质总量随着横向距离的增加而降低。某些单井附近耕地土壤已超过国家第二级标准限值,最高超标倍数为13.88倍,处于危险级别,应立即采取措施治理石油污染。

  2. 城市绿色建筑规划设计研究--以池州市梅林花园(东区)规划设计为例%Research Planning and Design of Urban Green Architecture-- Take Planning and Design of Meilin Garden (Eastern District) in Chizhou City as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡芝明

    2014-01-01

    Urban green building construction is an important symbol of city ecological environmental protection, and green and healthy construction. Harmonious development of the city must vigorously promote the city green building design. This paper takes the planning and design of Meilin garden (eastern district) in Chizhou city as an example, describing the design idea and the design requirements of green building planning.%城市绿色建筑建设是城市生态环保、绿色健康的重要标志,城市的和谐发展必须大力推广城市绿色建筑规划设计。本文以池州市梅林花园(东区)规划设计为例,阐述了绿色建筑规划的设计理念和设计要求。

  3. 天津市宝坻区农药中毒报告现状的分析%Analysis of pesticide poisoning reports in Baodi District of Tianjin City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘河

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解天津市宝坻区农药中毒的现状.方法 对2010-2012年每年上报的农药中毒报告卡进行统计学分析.结果 2010-2012年宝坻区报告农药中毒102例,其中生产性中毒、生活性中毒分别占总中毒例数的67.65%和32.35%,病死率为10.78%.中毒者平均年龄为37.26岁,20 ~59岁青壮年占93.14%;生产性中毒以男性为主,生活性中毒以女性为主;中毒农药的类别分布以杀虫剂为主,占54.90%;且以敌敌畏有机磷中毒为主.结论 目前宝坻区农药中毒的严重性应引起社会,特别是政府和卫生工作人员的关注.%[Objective] To understand the status of pesticide poisoning in Baodi District of Tianjin City.[Methods] The annually reported pesticide poisoning cards were statistically analyzed from 2010-2012.[Results] From 2010-2012,102 cases of pesticide poisoning were reported in Baodi District.The cases of poisoning in production and in daily life occupied 67.65% and 32.35% of total cases,the mortality rate was 10.78%.The average age of the poisoned people was 37.26 years,20-59 years occupied 93.16%.Most cases of poisoning in production were male,and most cases of poisoning in daily life were female.The main kind of pesticide caused poisoning was insecticide (54.90%),mainly was dichlorvos organophosphate poisoning.[Conclusion] The severity of pesticide poisoning should attract social attentions in Baodi District,especially from government and health workers.

  4. Integrating hierarchical bioavailability and population distribution into potential eco-risk assessment of heavy metals in road dust: A case study in Xiandao District, Changsha city, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Jinhui; Li, Fei; Zeng, Guangming; Liu, Wenchu; Huang, Xiaolong; Xiao, Zhihua; Wu, Haipeng; Gu, Yanling; Li, Xue; He, Xiaoxiao; He, Yan

    2016-01-15

    Modified eco-risk assessment method (MEAM) integrated with the hierarchical bioavailability determined by the fraction detection of Cd, Pb, Zn, Cu, Cr in road dust samples and the local population distribution derived from the local land use map, was proposed to make the hierarchical eco-risk management strategy in Xiandao District (XDD), China. The geo-accumulation index (Igeo), the original potential eco-risk index (Er(i)) and the modified eco-risk assessment index (MEAI) were used to identify the priority pollutant. Compared with the Hunan soil background values, evaluated metal concentrations were found to different extent. The results of mean Igeo, Er(i) and bioavailability of studied metals revealed the following orders: Cd>Pb ≈ Zn>Cu ≈ Cr, Cd>Pb>Cu>Cr>Zn and Cd>Zn>Cu ≈ Pb>Cr, respectively. Therefore, Cd was regarded as the priority pollutant. To identify the priority areas taking into account cost consideration, the hierarchical risk map based on the results of the modified eco-risk assessment index with overlay of the population density map was needed and made. The west and partly south areas of XDD were under higher eco-risk generally. Moreover, the whole XDD area was divided into 4 area categories with different management priorities based on the possibility of occurrence of eco-risk, and the hierarchical risk management strategy associated with protecting local population was suggested to facilitate allocation of funds for risk management. PMID:26473699

  5. Analysis of the tourism characteristic district- The concept, nature, function and type

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kunyi Yao

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This article mainly discusses about the concept, nature, function, types of the tourism characteristic district? For this reason, we can bring into play the function of the tourism characteristic district in the development of the city, reflect the cultural connotation of the tourism characteristic district, make the city better characteristic, better charm and achieve the sustainable development of the metropolitan tourism.

  6. The Design and Compilation of High-Resolution Image Map of Cities and Administrative District of Shaanxi Province%陕西省设区市高分辨率影像地图的设计与编制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵力彬; 周晓敏; 赵曦; 李庆东

    2013-01-01

    Image map is of the attributes of RS image and DLC, which can be absolutely clear at a glance and well understood by the readers without certain skills of mapping. Based on the design and compilation of high - resolution image map of 10 cities and administrative district of Shaanxi province, the author introduces the general idea about image map and the key technology and methods of image map compilation.%影像地图具有影像与线划地图的双重优势,读者无需专门的地图知识便能对图上的内容一目了然,受到广大读者的接受和喜爱.本文结合陕西省十个设区市高分辨率影像地图的设计与编制,介绍了影像地图的总体设计思想以及编制的关键技术和方法.

  7. 北京市东城区中小学教室卫生学现状分析%Analysis of the classroom health's status for primary and secondary schools in Dongcheng District of Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马莉蓉; 黄剑辉; 秦媛

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解北京市东城区中小学校教学环境卫生现状,为不断改善学生学习、生活环境提供参考依据.方法 选取北京市东城区70所中小学校的210间教室,进行教室人均面积、课桌椅、采光、照明、微小气候及黑板等方面的卫生学检测,并对检测数据进行统计学分析.结果 中小学校教室人均面积、课桌面照度、课桌及课椅分配符合达标率分别为97.14%、91.43%、76.19%和87.62%;黑板照明、窗地比、采光系数、后墙反射系数、教室CO2浓度及教室温度达标率分别为20.00%、41.43%、16.67%、51.90%、42.86%和35.71%.结论 北京市东城区各中小学校教学环境现状以黑板照明低和教室采光不足为突出问题.%OBJECTIVE To study the teaching environment's health status of on primary and secondary schools in Dongcheng District of Beijing City so as to provide reference evidence for improving the studying and living environment of the students.METHODS The schools health were measured in 210 classrooms of 70 primary and secondary schools in the entire district and the classroom space per capita,desk and chair,classroom lighting and illumination,microclimate,and blackboard were collected and analyzed statistically by SPSS 11.5.RESULTS The qualified rates of classroom space per capita,table and chair illumination,desk allocation,and chair allocation were 97.14%,91.43%,76.19% and 87.62% respectively.The qualified rates of blackboard illumination,window land ratio,illumination coefficient,reflection coefficient of backboard,CO2 density and temperature in the classrooms were 20.00%,41.43%,16.67%,51.90%,42.86% and 35.71% respectively.CONCLUSION It is the biggest problem that the blackboard illumination and the classroom lighting of the teaching environment is not sufficient of primary and secondary schools in Dongcheng District of Beijing City.

  8. 深圳市梅林街道居民膳食与血压的关系研究%Relationship between Diet and Blood Pressure among Residents in Meilin District,Shenzhen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李双飞; 姚公元; 潘建清; 杨少洁; 张燕

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解深圳市社区居民膳食状况与血压水平的关系,为膳食改善等非药物干预防治高血压提供科学依据.方法 采用随机抽样的方法,对深圳市梅林街道18岁以上社区居民530人进行膳食调查和血压测量,采用多因素回归分析膳食情况及与血压值的关系.结果 食用膳食低于膳食推荐摄入量的居民比例较大,特别是家禽肉类、蛋类、奶类及鱼类低于推荐摄入量的比例较大,而畜肉类高于推荐摄入量的比例较高.经多元回归分析,在调整年龄、体重指数、吸烟、性别、服用降压药物等因素后,食用畜肉类与收缩压呈负相关(P<0.05),家禽肉类及蛋类与收缩压呈正相关(P<0.05);家禽肉类及米面类与舒张压呈正相关(P<0.05).结论 目前深圳社区居民膳食摄入状况有待改进,合理膳食是防治高血压的重要措施之一.%Objective To explore the relationship between diet and blood pressure among community residents in Shenzhen City, and to provide scientific basis of diet intervention for hypertension prevention and treatment. Methods Five hundred and thirty subjects aged 18 years and older were randomly selected from Meilin District in Shenzhen City. Diet habits and blood pressure of subjects were recorded. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to analyze the relationship between hypertension and blood pressure. Results The proportion of subjects,whose investigated dietary intake was lower than recommended dietary intake,was relatively high,especially the intake of poultry meat,eggs,milk and fish, while the proportion of pork, beef or mutton intake higher than recommended dietary intake was high. Multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that pork, beef or mutton intake had negative correlation with systolic blood pressure after adjustment for age,BMI,smoking,sex,and antihypertensive drugs( P <0.05 ),while poultry meat intake and eggs intake had positive

  9. 陕西省渭河流域各城区水资源社会可再生性评价%Social Renewability of Water Resources of the Cities and District in the Weihe River Basin,Shanxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高蕾; 任志远; 王丽霞

    2009-01-01

    The Weihe River basin mainly lies in arid and semi-arid regions of Shaanxi province, and many cities in this area faced the problem of water scarcity. Social renewability of water resources is purely about the characteristics of water resources in its utilization.The improvement of it is significant for utilizing water resource in high-efficiency. In this article, the methods, which used several indexes to show social renewability of water resources in water scarcity cities of the Weihe River basin, were put forward. By establishing the evaluation index system of social renewability of city water resources, grade evaluation standard,and introducing gray correlation theory, this gray correlation theory has been used to evaluate the degree of social renewability in cities. The results show that Baoji' s social renewability of water resources in the cities of the Wei River Basin is at the highest level, xi' an and Xianyang are at the stronger level of, Yangling district is at the middle level of,Weinan and Tongchuan are at the weaker level of. And the measures to improve it were also put forward finally.%陕西省渭河流域位于干旱、半干旱区,流域内许多城市都面临着水资源短缺问题.水资源社会可再生性是水资源在利用过程中所表现出的特性,其值的增强对于实现水资源的高效利用具有重要意义.本文针对陕西省渭河流域提出了基于若干指标来综合表征缺水城市水资源社会可再生性的方法,并在此基础上对该漉域6个城区的水资源社会可再生性进行了评价.通过建立城市水资源社会可再生性评价指标体系、分级评价标准.引入灰色关联理论,构建了灰色关联分析等级评价模型,并运用该模型分析了研究区域内各城区的水资源可再生程度.研究结果表明,宝鸡的水资源社会可再生性最强,西安、咸阳较强,杨凌区中等.渭南、铜川较弱.本文最后提出了增强这些城市水资源社会可再生性的途径.

  10. Epidemiological Characteristics of HFMD,in Gaoming District of Foshan City for 2008-2011%2008-2011年佛山市高明区手足口病流行特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林少英; 李凤贞; 张金奖

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) in Gaoming district of Foshan city,so as to provide basis for establishing prevention measures in the future. Methods:To conduct descriptive analysis on confirmed HFMD cases reported to disease surveillance system from 2008-2011 in Gaoming district. Results:3425 confirmed HFMD cases were reported from 2008-2011 in Gaoming district,and the annually average incidence rate was 290.01/100,000 with an annually increasing trend. Most of the cases happened from April to July.The cases are mainly concentrated in children 1 to 4 years old.71.43% of severe cases were caused by EV71 inflection. Conclusion:HFMD epidemic intensity was gradually increasing in Gaoming district from 2008 to 2011,and EV71 inflection is the main cause of severe and death of HFMD. HFMD prevention and control program should be focused on the scattered children under age of 4. Prevention measures should be established in advance. At the same time,timely isolation and treatment,and health training among key crowds should be conducted. Early detection,prompt reporting,swift isolation and early treatment are the keys of HFMD prevention and control.%  目的:分析佛山市高明区手足口病的流行病学特征,为今后制定防治措施提供依据.方法:运用描述性方法对2008-2011年疾病监测信息系统报告的手足口病进行流行病学特征分析.结果:高明区2008-2011年共报告手足口病病例3425例,年平均报告发病率为290.01/10万,发病率呈逐年上升的趋势.病例全年均有报告,高峰在4~7月.病例主要集中在1~4岁儿童.71.43%的重症病例为 EV71感染引起.结论:2008-2011年,高明区手足口病流行强度逐渐增大,EV71感染是引起手足口病重症及死亡病例的重要因素,4岁以下散居儿童是防控工作的重点对象.实施手足口病监测的关口前移,采取及时的医学隔离治疗、重点人群的健康教

  11. A survey report on dermatitis patients in hospital in Baoan district of Shenzhen city from 1992 to 2006%深圳市某区1992至2006年皮炎住院病例的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱志良; 叶伟国; 王绵珍; 张虹; 吴俊华

    2010-01-01

    目的 了解近年来深圳市某区皮炎住院患者的流行病学分布特点,为研究三氯乙烯(TCE)药疹样皮炎和预防提供依据.方法 对1992至2006年该区及其各街道医院的住院皮炎患者临床资料进行描述性分析.结果该区住院皮炎患者共645例,1998至2005年患者总人数呈上升趋势,主要年龄段为16~岁,其次为26~岁,工人占多数.过敏性皮炎(34.1%)、药物性皮炎(30.8%)、TCE药疹样皮炎(9.3%),依次为住院皮炎病例的前3位.60例TCE药疹样皮炎病例中有过敏史者2例(3.3%),与其他皮炎病例(144例,22.6%)比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);TCE药疹样皮炎患者肝功能异常的比例(71.7%)较高,与其他皮炎(13.8%)比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);患者主要分布于电子、五金、电镀行业.结论 TCE药疹样皮炎危害严重,加强工人的自我保护意识,重视重点行业、重点工种工人的工初观察和健康监护,减少职业接触机会,可以有效地减少TCE所致皮炎的发生.%Objective To analyze the epidemiological distribution of dermatitis patients in hospital and provide basis for studying the basic conditions and the prevention of dermatitis especially TCE-induced dermatitis in Baoan District of Shenzhen City.Methods All dermatitis patients in hospital in Baoan District from 1992 to 2006 were descriptively analyzed.Results There were 645 dermatitis patients in hospital in Baoan District.The total number of patients tended to rise in recent years,mainly in group of 16~ years old,followed by 26~ years old,with the majority of workers.The clinical diagnosis was allergic dermatitis (34.1%),drug-induced dermatitis and TCE-induced dermatitis (9.3%).Two among 60 patients with TCE-induced dermatitis had history of allergy (3.3%) with significat difference (P<0.05) compared with the patients with other dermatitis(144,22.6%).The risk of hepatic dysfunction in TCE-induced dermatitis(71.7%) was significantly greater

  12. 2009-2010年无锡市惠山区生活饮用水水质监测结果%Results of Drinking Water Quality Monitoring in Huishan District of Wuxi City during 2009 -2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方伟; 王正兴

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective] To understand the status of drinking water quality in Huishan district of Wuxi city, ensure the drinking water safety, and provide the basis for decision-making. [ Methods] The water quality monitoring was conducted in 4 monitoring sites of centralized water supply and 2 monitoring sites of secondary water supply in Huishan district. The analysis and evaluation was performed according to the Standards for drinking water quality (CB 5749 - 2006). [ Results] The qualified rate of drinking water in Huishan district in 2009 and 2010 was 97.9% (188/192) and 92.0% (127/138) respectively, which was satisfactory. In 2009, the qualified rate of centralized water supply and secondary water supply was 96.9% (124/128) and 100% (64/64) respectively, and all of the unqualified items were total bacteria counts. In 2010, the qualified rate of centralized water supply and secondary water supply was 88.0% (81/92) and 100% (46/46) respectively, and the unqualified items were residual chlorine concentration and total bacteria counts. [Conclusion]The sanitary condition of drinking water in Huishan district was good, but there were still unqualified items in summer and autumn. It is necessary to strengthen the water quality monitoring in summer and autumn, and notify the information to water supply departments rapidly, so as to ensure drinking water safety.%目的 了解无锡市惠山区生活饮用水水质现状,确保居民饮用水卫生安全,为政府决策提供依据.方法 对惠山区4个集中式供水及2个二次供水监测点的水质进行监测,并根据《生活饮用水卫生标准》GB 5749 - 2006进行分析评价.结果 2009-2010年惠山区生活饮用水的合格率较高,2009年为97.9% (188/192),2010年为92.0%( 127/138).其中,2009年集中式供水为96.9% (124/128),二次供水为100%(64/64),不合格项目均为细菌总数超标.2010年集中式供水为88.0% (81/92),二次供水为100%(46/46),不合格项目为余氯含量低于标

  13. Analysis on prevalence of dental caries among pupils in Maojian District of Shiyan City in 2012%2012年十堰市茅箭区小学生龋齿患病现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左嵘

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解十堰市茅箭区儿童龋齿患病的现状,旨在有效预防儿童龋齿的发生,降低该区儿童龋齿患病率,增进儿童口腔健康.方法 对茅箭辖区11所公立小学学生进行口腔免费检查.按常规用口镜、探针在自然光线下进行逐个视诊、探查,凡乳牙龋、补和恒牙龋、失、补均作为龋齿统计.结果 检查6 ~12岁小学生共计3 190人,其中男生1 646人,女生1 544人.患龋人数为2 243人,总龋患率为70.31%.人均患龋数为2.58颗.其中男生患龋人数为990人,龋患率为60.15%,女生患龋人数1 253人,龋患率为81.15%.结论 该区小学生龋齿患病情况比较严重.该区积极开展口腔检查工作,以利于提高学生的口腔保健知识水平,使学生养成良好的口腔卫生习惯,并提高学生的口腔健康水平.%[Objective] To understand the status of prevalence of dental caries among children in Maojian District of Shiyan City,effectively prevent the dental caries in children,reduce the prevalence of dental caries in this district,and promote oral health of children.[Methods] The free oral examination was conducted in pupils of 11 public primary schools in Maojian District.According to conventional way,pupils were examined by oral mirror and probe under natural light.The caries and dental filling of deciduous teeth,as well as the caries,loss and dental filling of permanent teeth were regarded as the dental caries.[Results] A total of 3 190 pupils aged 6-12 years old were examined,including 1 646 boys and 1 544 girls.2 243 pupils were suffering from dental caries,and the total prevalence rate was 70.31%.The average caries number was 2.58.990 boys had the dental caries with the prevalence rate of 60.15%,while 1 253 girls had the dental caries with the prevalence rate of 81.15%.[Conclusion] The status of dental caries among pupils is serious in Maojian District.It is important to carry out the oral examination,to improve the level of

  14. Survey of health literacy among of residents in Yuexiu District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province%广东省广州市越秀区城市居民健康素养调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖寅斌; 江汀; 许斌; 周文; 张明; 路娟; 何斯哲

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解广东省广州市越秀区居民健康素养水平及影响因素,为制定健康教育干预措施和策略提供依据.方法 通过多阶段随机抽样的方法,对越秀区481名居民进行问卷调查,了解居民健康素养情况.结果 越秀区居民具备健康素养的比例是6.9%,具备基本知识和理念、健康生活方式与行为、基本技能素养的比例分别是11.6%、5.6%和27.2%.不同年龄段居民的总体健康素养水平存在差异(P0.05).认知最差的健康素养题目是水传播疾病、急救知识、四害传播疾病知识、控烟行为、孕期保健行为等.结论 越秀区居民总体健康素养水平偏低,不同文化程度和年龄段的居民健康素养水平存在差异.今后可扩大健康素养传播的范围,采用多种方式进行健康教育干预.%Objective To understand the status and factors of intellectual and conceptual, behavioral and skillful health literacy among residents in Yuexiu District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province, and to provide evidence for the development of health education intervention strategies and measures. Methods By means of multistage random sampiing, 481 residents from Yuexiu District were selected by multistage random sampling and were investigated by health literacy questionnaires. Results The overall level of health literacy was 6. 9% among urban residents of Yuexiu District.The health literacy levels of basic health concept and knowledge, healthy lifestyle and behaviors, and health related skills were 11.6%, 5. 6% and 27. 2% respectively. The overall health literacy levels were different among residents of different age groups and residents of different education levels, and the differences had statistical significance (P < 0. 05 ). There was not statistical significance in the differences of health literacy levels among male and female residents ( P > 0. 05 ). The health literacy awareness rates of residents were low in water

  15. Congressional Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This layer depicts the 114th Congressional Districts for the United States. Found within this layer is the listing of the 114th House of Representatives. Elected to...

  16. 江门市新会区乳母成熟乳主要营养成分分析%Analysis on main nutritional ingredients in mature milk of lying-in women in Xinhui district of Jiangmen city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李思会; 李燕钰; 谭建珍

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To understand the contents of main nutritional ingredients in mature milk of lying - in women in Xinhui district of Jiangmen city and the differences among lying - in women with different ages, parities, and delivery modes. Methods: Breast milk samples (20 ml) of 1 250 full - term lying - in women at 42 days after delivery were collected in Xinhui district of Jiangmen city, the contents of main nutritional ingredients (protein, lipid, and lactose) in breast milk samples were detected, and then the results were compared with reference values, the percentages of lying - in women whose contents of main nutritional ingredients reached the reference values were analyzed statistically; the differences of contents of main nutritional ingredients among lying - in women with different ages, parities, and delivery modes were analyzed statistically. Results: The contents of lactose and protein in mature milk of lying - in women in Xinhui district were stable, which reached the reference values or were higher than the reference values; the content of lipid was unstable, 34.7% of them reached the reference value, 3. 6% of them were higher than the reference value, and 61. 8% of them were lower than the reference value; there was no statistically significant difference in the contents of main nutritional ingredients in mature milk among lying - in women with different ages ( 20 - 29 - year - old, 30 - 34 - year - old, and > 35 - year - old), parities (primiparous women and parturient women) , and delivery modes ( vaginal delivery and cesarean section) ( P > 0. 05) . Conclusion: The nutritional status of lying - in women in Xinhui district is good generally, but the content of lipid in breast milk is unstable, the proportion of lying - in women with contents of main nutritional ingredients lower than the reference values is high, dietary nutritional guidance targeting to lying - in women should be conducted widely to further improve the quality of breast milk; the main

  17. Thermal infrared imagery from the Geoscan Mk II scanner and its calibration: two case histories from Nevada--Ludwig Skarn (Yerington District) & Virginia City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, Ronald J. P.; Honey, Frank R.

    1991-09-01

    The 24-channel Geoscan scanner includes six grating-dispersed thermal infrared channels, co- registered with the 18 VNIR and SWIR bands. Considerable silicate (hydroxyl) discrimination can be seen in the SWIR band images but will not be treated further in this paper. Each of the TIR bands has a bandpass of 530 nm, centered between 8.64 and 11.28 micrometers band centers dispersed onto a linear detector array of HgCdTe. The system has been flown over Ludwig, Nevada three times (May 1989/June 1990), and twice over Virginia City, Nevada (June 1989/Aug. 1990). Pixel sizes ranged from 3 m to 6 m in this ''research-mode'' flying. In flight the scanner is operated in a noncalibrated, relative-radiance mode in all of the 24 channels. A sample of the terrain to be mapped is overflown, during which the offsets of each channel are set to mid-range (DN equals 127), with the data spread by the gain setting so as to occupy all of the 8-bit range. The recording therefore is of the 8 bits of data spread about the average (relative) brightness of the terrain in that band. In this manner, this scanner differs from almost every other unit either in airborne use or in the Landsat satellites. These units record absolute brightness from which, by use of the calibration parameters, the absolute radiance of the terrain may be reconstructed. The problem is to perform a transformation of the imagery to apparent reflectance allow comparison of the spectra extracted from the airborne imagery to ground-measured spectra. TIR spectra have also been obtained in ground-based stationary laboratory-type operation of the aircraft scanner, viewing warm samples (heated by the sun to about 45 C) for fifteen of the major rock-type assemblages. These laboratory-scanner match the airborne-scanner spectra abstracted from the imagery data as well as direct exitance spectra obtained previously from other sun-warmed samples.

  18. Analysis on monitoring results of disinfection quality in medical institutions in Bincheng District of Binzhou City%滨州市滨城区医疗卫生机构消毒质量监测结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    权永芬

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective]To know the quality of disinfection and sterilization in medical institutions, improve the disinfection management and infection control. [ Methods ] The monitoring results of disinfection quality in medical institutions at various levels in Bincheng District of Binzhou City during 2009-2011 were analyzed to understand the main problems of disinfection in medical institutions. [ Results] A total of 2 076 samples were collected during 2009-2011, and the total qualified rate was 92.44%. From 2009 to 2011, the annual qualified rate was 90.88% , 92. 17% and 93.91% , respectively. The qualified rate of different items in descending order was in-use disinfectants (100% ) , sterilized articles (97.96% ) , hands of medical staff (92.35% ) , object surface (91.81% ) and indoor air (88. 47% ). [Conclusion]There are some problems of disinfection quality in medical institutions in Bincheng district. It is essential to carry out related measures, as well as strengthen the monitoring and management.%目的 了解医疗卫生机构消毒灭菌工作质量,加强医疗消毒与感染控制管理工作.方法 通过对滨州市滨城区各级医疗卫生机构2009-2011年消毒质量监测结果的分析,了解掌握医疗卫生机构在消毒工作中存在的问题.结果 2009-2011年共采集样品2 076份,总合格率为92.44%:2009-2011年合格率分别为90.88%、92.17%、93.91%.不同项目检测合格率由高到低依次为使用中消毒剂(100%)、灭菌物品(97.96%)、医护人员手(92.35%)、物体表面(91.81%)、室内空气(88.47%).结论 滨城区医疗卫生机构消毒工作质量还存在一些问题,需要采取进一步措施,加强监督和管理.

  19. Study on the examination and treatment effect of filariasis in Haojiang district of Shantou city%汕头市濠江区丝虫病查治效果调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑伟江; 陈少光; 张文钦; 陈朝晖

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解汕头市濠江区丝虫病流行情况,总结消除丝虫病的策略及经验.方法 病原学监测,实施综合性防治;对50多年来实施综合防治措施的效果进行分析.结果 1960-1998年,完成对象治疗、全民服药174403人次.1984年,汕头市濠江区人群微丝蚴血症率从防治前(1960年)的7.2%降至0.5%,达到基本消除丝虫病标准;1998年继续降至0,达到了消除丝虫病标准.结论 50多年来,汕头市濠江区防治丝虫病措施效果显著,消除丝虫病远期效果巩固.%Objective To know about the epidemic situation of filariasis in Haojiang district of Shantou city, summarize the strategies and experiences on the eradication of filariasis, and consolidate the control achievements against filariasis.Methods The results of pathogenic surveillance and comprehensive measures for filariasis in the past 50 years were analyzed.Results 174 403 people were treated with diethylearbamazine (DEC) (including treatment of filarial patients and administration to general population).By repeated examinations and treatments, the crowd microfilaremia rate decreased from 7.2% before control measures in 1960 to 0.5% in 1984, reaching the criterion of Fundamental Filariasis Eradication, and the rate was decreased continuously to 0 in 1998, reaching the Criterion of Filariasis Eradication.Conclusion The control measures against filariasis was effective in Haojiang district for the past 50 years and the filariasis eradication was further consolidated.

  20. To analyze epidemiological characteristics of syphilis in Changzhou city Xinbei district from 2009 to 2012%常州市新北区2009~2012年梅毒流行病学特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊玉琴

    2014-01-01

    Objective To learn epidemic status of syphilis in Changzhou city Xinbei district, to evaluate the implemented effect of syphilis control strategies, and to provide the basis for the development of prevention and control strategies. Methods Xinbei district syphilis from January 2009 to December 2012 were analyzed by descriptive epidemiology. Results The region reported a total of 774 cases with syphilis from January 2009 to December 2012, the incidence was the highest in 2009(43.21/100,000), Phase Ⅰ had 272 cases, Phase Ⅱ had 212 cases, Phase Ⅲ had 8 cases, congenital syphilis had 3 cases, latent syphilis had 279 cases. Male to female ratio was 1 ∶ 1.07, the workers' incidence percentage was the highest in occupational distribution, accounted for 26.49%. Conclusion Prevention and control work of syphilis in the area have achieved certain results, but still increase the prevention and control efforts for workers and peasants.%目的:了解常州市新北区梅毒流行现状,评价梅毒控制策略实施效果,为制订防控策略提供依据。方法运用描述性流行病学方法,对2009年1月~2012年12月新北区梅毒发病情况进行分析。结果2009年1月~2012年12月全区共报告梅毒患者774例,2009年发病率最高(43.21/10万),其中Ⅰ期272例,Ⅱ期212例,Ⅲ期8例,胎传梅毒3例,隐性梅毒279例。男女比例为1∶1.07,职业分布以工人发病比例最高,占26.49%。结论该区梅毒防控工作取得一定成效,但仍要加大工人和农民的防控力度。

  1. Pollution Status of Cakes and Pastry in Scholl Canteen in Futian District of Shenzhen City%深圳市福田区学校食堂糕点类食品铝污染状况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋立新; 王永刚; 杨梅; 周洁; 黄慧萍

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the aluminum pollution status of cakes and pastry and the use of leavening agents in school canteens in Futian District of Shenzhen City. [Methods] A total of 190 samples of cakes and pastry, 29 samples of wheat flour, 22 samples of leavening agent were collected from school canteen during 2008 to 2010, Aluminum content was determined by using Inductive Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrosoopy. Self-designed questionnaire was used to survey the types and add methods of leavening agents in school canteen. [ Results ] 123 out of 190 samples of cakes and pastry was eligible. The use rate of leavening agent with low aluminum or non-aluminum increased from 2008 to 2010. 25.58% pastry cooks added leavening agent with weighing instruments.18.65% pastry cooks knew the aluminum content of leavening agent in use. [ Conclusion] Aluminum pollution of cakes and pastry is serious in school canteens of Futian District. Non-aluminum leavening agent should be recommended to school canteens. And it is important to master its using method.%目的 了解深圳市福田区学校食堂糕点类食品的铝污染状况及膨松剂的使用情况.方法 2008-2010年从学校食堂采集糕点类食品190份,面粉29份,膨松剂22份.用电感耦合等离子体质谱仪测定铝含量,用自制问卷调查各学校食堂膨松剂的使用种类及添加方法.结果 福田区190份糕点类食品中合格123份,2008-2010年低铝或无铝膨松剂使用率逐年提高.25.58%的厨师使用称量工具添加膨松剂,18.60%的厨师了解使用的含铝膨松剂的铝含量.结论 福田区学校食堂糕点类食品中铝污染严重,应引导学校食堂使用无铝膨松剂,并掌握膨松剂的使用方法.

  2. Improving district heating in Kiev

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The district heating modernisation project currently under way in Kiev, the capital of the Ukraine, is the largest project of its type financed by the World Bank. The budget for the five-year project is some USD 250 million of which USD 200 million is financed by the World Bank loan. The target of the project is to improve the city's district heating system, which is owned and operated by Kyivenergo. Consultancy services for the Project Implementation Unit are being provided by Electrowatt-Ekono and financed by the Finnish government

  3. 佛山市南海城区环境空气中铅污染现状分析研究%Analysis of Lead Air Contamination in Urban Area of Nanhai District of Foshan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁秋仪; 陈鉴祥; 梁永祥; 吴伟棠; 谭建文

    2016-01-01

    An air quality monitoring station has been set up in the urban center of the Nanhai district of Foshan City, in order to understand the statement of the atmospheric pollution from lead. Gravimetric method was adopted to determine the contents of atmospheric particulate matter, and ICP-MS method was adopted to determine the contents of lead in atmospheric particulate matter. Here are the results as follows:the average values of TSP, PM10 and PM2. 5 were 150 ug/m3 ,99 ug/m3 and 67 ug/m3 , the average values of lead in TSP, PM10 and PM2. 5 were 214 ng/m3 ,175 ng/m3 ,156 ng/m3 . It is concluded that yhe concentration of lead in the atmosphere reached the Secondary National Standard of Air Environmental Quality in the urban area of Nanhai. Mean-while, comparing with other cities in the Delta-Region of the Pearl River, the content of lead in the atmosphere was of a medium level. Lead in the atmosphere, which most often came from vehicle exhaust, was mainly distributed to PM2. 5 .%为了解佛山市南海城区环境空气中铅污染现状,在南海城区中心设置空气质量监测点,采用重量法和电感耦合等离子体质谱法分别对空气颗粒物及不同粒径颗粒物的铅含量进行定量分析,测定结果为:TSP、PM10、PM2.5平均浓度分别是150 ug/m3、99 ug/m3、67 ug/m3,其中铅平均浓度分别是214 ng/m3、175 ng/m3、156 ng/m3.结论为:南海城区环境空气中的铅浓度达到国家环境空气质量二级标准,铅污染水平处于珠江三角洲的中游;大气中的铅主要分布在PM2.5中,机动车尾气是其主要来源.

  4. Dietary behavior of junior and senior high school students in Fangshan District of Beijing City%北京市房山区初中生与高中生饮食行为比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘天军

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解2012年北京市房山区初中生与高中生饮食行为现状及差异,为制定相应干预措施提供科学依据.方法 抽取北京市房山区中学生共1 710名,采用“北京市青少年健康相关行为调查问卷”进行调查.结果 北京市房山区高中生大量喝饮料、在西式快餐店、路边摊用餐和偏食等不健康饮食行为的报告率(30.1%、1.4%、4.5%、42.2%)高于初中生(22.0%、0.3%、0.8%、32.4%);初中生每天吃新鲜水果、蔬菜和每天吃早餐、喝一杯牛奶等健康饮食行为的报告率(53.2%、80.0%、71.4%、30.7%)高于高中生(35.0%、34.6%、21.0%、19.0%).母亲文化程度越高,初中生健康饮食行为越多,不健康饮食行为越少;高中生母亲文化程度越高,无论健康还是不健康饮食行为也越多.结论 该区中学生学段越高不健康饮食行为越多,母亲的文化程度对初中生和高中生存在不同的影响.%[Objective] To understand the eating habit status and differences between junior and senior high school students in Fangshan District of Beijing City in 2012, and provide scientific evidence for developing interventions accordingly. [Methods] A total of 1 719 high school students were recruited for investigation of "Beijing Adolescent Health Behavior Questionnaire" in Fangshan District of Beijing City. [ Results ] The investigation showed that for heavy consumption of beverage, western-style fast-food restaurants, street vendors dining and being choosy about one's food, the unhealthy eating habit reported rates of senior high school students(30. 1% , 1.4% , 4.5% , 42.2% , respectively) were higher than those of junior high school students(22.0% , 0. 3% , 0. 8% , 32.4% , respectively) ; while for daily consumption of fresh fruits, vegetables , breakfast and a glass of milk, the healthy eating habit reported rates of junior high school students (53.2% ,80.0% , 71.4% , 30.7% , respectively) were

  5. 武汉市洪山区2006~2010年产科质量情况分析%Annual quality analysis of obstetrics department of Hongshan district in Wuhan city from 2006 to 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨欢

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To analyze the obstetrics department quality of Hongshan district from 2006 to 2010, look for gaps in current work, make clear focus in the future management of obstetric department quality, strive for the lower rate of ce -sarean section, reduce the mortality of pregnant woman and perinatal infant, in order to provide objective basis for formu -lating effective preventive measures and enhancing the quality of obstetrics department. Methods: A retrospective study method was adopted. Delivery situation reports of 45 564 cases of puerpera in Hongshan district of midwifery services from 2006 to 2010 were statistical analyzed. Results: From 2006 to 2010, in Hongshan district of Wuhan city human intervention of delivery mode such as the rate of cesarean section increased, and the mortality rates of pregnant woman and perina -tal infant had been effectively controlled. Compared the maternal mortality rate between urban with rural, the difference was significant (χ2=5.53, P<0.05). Compared the cesarean section rate of pregnant woman between urban with rural, the difference was significant (χ2=16.98, P<0.01). Conclusion: Strengthening the high-risk pregnancy management, reducing the cesarean section rate, strengthening quality constructed of primary obstetric midwifery service, increasing the publicity efforts of health education are the major interventions to improve the quality of obstetrics department and guarantee safety of maternal and child.%目的:对洪山区2006~2010年产科质量进行分析研究,寻找目前工作的差距,明确今后产科质量管理的重点,争取降低剖宫产率,降低孕产妇及围生儿的死亡率,为制定有效的干预措施、提高产科质量提供客观依据.方法:采用回顾性研究方法,对2006~2010年洪山区各助产技术服务机构共45 564例产妇的接生情况报表进行统计分析.结果:2006~2010年武汉市洪山区剖宫产率等人为干预分娩方式上升,孕产妇死亡率和

  6. Epidemic trend of class-B infectious diseases in Yuhuatai district of Nanjing city 2001-2010%2001-2010年南京市雨花台区乙类传染病的发病趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨诚; 张红梅; 王芳

    2012-01-01

    目的 分析南京市雨花台区乙类传染病疫情动态和流行特征,为制定和完善传染病防治策略和措施提供科学依据.方法 采用描述流行病学方法进行分析.结果 2001-2010年共报告乙类传染病15种,累计发病5 882例,死亡5例,年平均发病率为221.25/10万,年平均死亡率为0.16/10万.痢疾、肺结核、梅毒10年中一直位居发病率的前5位.发病分类构成以血源及性传播传染病所占比例最高,为35.02%,结论 2001-2010年该区乙类传染病报告发病率总体呈现下降趋势,呼吸道传染病呈上升趋势,肠道传染病呈下降趋势.痢疾、肺结核、梅毒是雨花台区传染病防治的工作重点,同时进一步关注和控制血源及性传播传染病.%[Objective]To analyze the epidemic status and epidemiological characteristics of class-B infectious diseases in Yuhuatai district of Nanjing city, provide the scientific basis for making and perfecting the control strategies of infectious diseases. [Methods]The descriptive epidemiology method was adopted. [Results] 15 kinds of class-B infectious diseases were reported during 2001-2010, there were a total of 5 882 cases, and 5 cases died. The average annual incidence rate was 221.25/lakh, and average annual mortality rate was 0.16/lakh. In ten years, dysentery, pulmonary tuberculosis and syphilis always ranked in the top five of incidence rate. The disease types and structures showed that the bloodbome diseases and sexually transmitted diseases accounted for 35.02% , which was the highest. [Conclusion] During 2001-2010, the reported incidence rate of class-B infectious diseases in Yuhuatai district decreased generally, the respiratory infectious disease showed a rising trend, and the intestinal infectious disease showed a downward trend. The dysentery, pulmonary tuberculosis and syphilis are the emphasis of infectious diseases control in Yuhuatai district, meanwhile the bloodborne diseases and sexually transmitted

  7. Survey on consumption of edible oil and table salt among urban residents in Jianghan District , Wuhan City%武汉市江汉区居民调味品消费与油脂食盐摄入调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓旻; 赵颀涵; 何振宇; 闫俊; 罗琼

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解武汉市江汉区部分居民主要调味品的消费情况,提供江汉区居民主要调味品消耗量的基础数据,为制定切合实际的社区居民控油、控盐等干预策略提供依据.方法 抽取武汉市江汉区部分居民,对调查人群进行询问调查、膳食调查.采用Epidata 3.1软件建立数据库,用SPSS 17.0统计软件进行分析.结果 调味品消费情况称重组192户,询问调查组150户.武汉市江汉区居民烹调用油以调和油为主,其次是植物油,玉米油、芝麻油等;烹调油和食盐每人日摄入量超过《中国居民膳食指南》推量的比例分别为称重组54.7%和48.4%,调查组76.7%和20.0%.结论 武汉市江汉区有较大比例居民烹调油与食盐的消耗量大于中国居民膳食指南中推荐量,应进一步加强营养健康教育宣传.%Objective To understand the consumption of main condiments among urban residents in Jianghan district of Wuhan,and provide evidence for developing strategy to intervene their intake of edible oil and table salt. Methods Local residents in 192 -households in urban Jianghan district were investigated with questionnaire-by face-to-face interview, and all the data were input in the database with Epi - Data version 3. 1 software and analyzed with SPSS versionl7. 0 software. Results Consumption of condiments was surveyed by weighing method for 192 households and by interview method for 150 households. Urban residents surveyed in Jianghan mainly used blend oil for cooking and a few people used vegetable oils for cooking,including com oil, sesame oil,soybean oil,etc. The proportion of edible oil and table salt per person per day more than the recommended amount of the Dietary Guidelines were said reorganization of 54. 7% and 48. 4% , 76. 7% and 20. 0% of the survey group respectively. Conclusions A large proportion of the residents in urban Jianghan district, Wuhan city consumed excessive edibJe oil and table salt than the

  8. Epidemic characteristics of syphilis in Dongling District of Shenyang City from 2006-2010%沈阳市东陵区2006-2010年梅毒流行特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑云亭

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To analyze the incidence and epidemic levels of syphilis in Dongling District of Shenyang City in recent years, to explore its control measures, and provide scientific evidence for syphilis control. [Methods]The descriptive epidemiology was used to analyze the reported data about syphilis in Dongling District from 2006-2010. [Results ] The annul incidence rate of syphilis was 29.46/100 000 from 2006 to 2010 in Dongling district of Shenyang, which showed an overall increasing trend (not including the data of 2010), and there was a significant difference of incidence rate between years (P 0.05); The young adult aged 20-59 years were sensitive to syphilis, accounted for 82.07 %. The patients unemployed, with housework, unknown occupation and farming occupied 85.02% of total cases. [Conclusion] It is necessary to strengthen sanitation propagandizing and health education, to increase people's preventive consciousness, to supervise the high-risk population of syphilis, to do well in screening and testing of syphilis, to standardize diagnosis and treatment of syphilis, to improve the accurate rate and promptness rate of diagnosis and report, and to carry on integrated intervention in order to minimize the high-risk factors of syphilis spread.%目的 分析沈阳市东陵区近年来梅毒发病水平和流行特征,探讨控制对策,为制定梅毒防制规划提供科学依据.方法 利用描述流行病学方法对沈阳市东陵区2006-2010年梅毒疫情报告资料进行分析.结果2006-2010年沈阳市东陵区年均报告发病率为29.46/10万,报告发病率总体呈逐年上升趋势(2010年除外),各年度发病率差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);以隐性梅毒和Ⅱ期梅毒为主,占总报告发病数的76.16%;无明显季节高峰;男女性别比为1.07∶1,男性年均报告发病率为30.08/10万,女性年均报告发病率为28.83/10万,男女梅毒年均报告发病率差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).发病年龄以20~59

  9. 秦皇岛市北戴河区教师行业高胆固醇血症的发病情况%Epidemic situation of hypercholesterolemia among teachers in Beidaihe District of Qinhuangdao City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪欧; 刘学双; 康凯燕; 孙香云; 张海滨; 任力; 刘世娟

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To analyze the changes in prevalence of hypercholesterolemia among teachers in Beidaihe District of Qinhuangdao City in different years. [Methods]The results of physical examination of town teachers in Beidaihe district in 2009 and 2010 were collected, and were grouped according to examination time, age and gender. The data were analyzed statistically. The detection rate of hypercholesterolemia among teachers was analyzed, and its increasing reasons and countermeasures were studied. [ Results] The total detection rate of hypercholesterolemia among teachers in 2010 was significantly higher than that in 2009 (P < 0.01). The detection rates of hypercholesterolemia in different sex groups and age groups in 2010 were significantly higher than those in 2009( P < 0.01). The detection rate of hypercholesterolemia in males in 2009 was higher than that in females, and in 2010 that showed an inverse result. The annual increasing rate in females was higher than that in males. [ Conclusion ] The detection rate of hypercholesterolemia among teachers in Beidaihe district increases year by year, and the increasing rate in females is higher than that in males.%目的 分析秦皂岛市北戴河区教师行业高胆固醇血症发病的逐年变化情况.方法 分别筛选2009及2010年北戴河区城镇居民参加体检的教职工的体检结果,按照体检时间、年龄、性别进行分组,并对各组体检数据进行统计学处理,分析北戴河区教师行业高胆固醇血症的检出情况,分析其增长原因及其对策.结果 2010年教师行业总体的高胆固醇血症检出率明显高于2009年,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),不同性别及不同年龄组的高胆同醇血症检出率2010年均较2009年明显增多,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).2009年男性的高胆同醇血症检出率高于女性,2010年女性高于男性,高胆固醇血症的逐年增长率女性多于男性.结论 北戴河区教师行业高胆固醇血症的检出

  10. Analysis of the retrofit design of the rain sewage diversion in Huangpu District, Guangzhou City%试析广州市黄埔区雨污分流改造设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘昌苗

    2015-01-01

    With environmental condition getting worse of our country , environment protection and water resources protection work attracted great attention of Guangzhou government , especially the current complex drainage situation of Guangzhou is unsuitable for drainage system redesign and reconstruction .Municipal drainage pipeline construction can not adapt to the current community construction and development speed, leading to the old pipes mixing situation is very serious , the drainage area alternations between confluence system , distribution sys-tem, drainage system is very complicated .This paper mainly analyzes design ideas and design innovation of rain sewage diversion transfor -mation project at Shihua Road in the west area of Huangpu District of Guangzhou City .%随着我国环境质量的不断下降,环境保护和水资源保护工作引起了广州市政府的高度重视,尤其是当前复杂的广州市排水现状十分不利于当前排水系统的重新设计与改造。市政排水管道建设不能适应当前小区建设发展速度,导致老城区管道混接情况十分严重,各排水分区内合流制、分流制交替存在、排水系统错综复杂。本文主要解析广州市广州市黄埔区石化路以西片区雨污分流改造工程的设计思路及设计创新点。

  11. Survey Report of Free Artificial Insemination to Cows in Ganzhou District of Zhangye City%张掖市甘州区能繁母牛零费用配种情况实地调查报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田春花; 郝鹏

    2011-01-01

    [目的]为调查落实张掖市基础母牛养殖户补贴政策过程中存在的问题。[方法]张掖市畜牧管理人员随机入乡镇配种站,母牛养殖户,对甘州区基础母牛养殖户补贴政策落实情况进行走访调查,并对调查结果进行了统计、分析。[结果]表明:"零费用配种"政策对养殖户起到了积极作用,但同时存在政策资金不及时到位,会影响养牛生产的矛盾。[结论]"零费用配种"是项补助措施,对稳定母牛养殖有意义,但需进一步完善。%【Objective】 To investigate the existed problems during the implement of subsidy policies for the farmers raising basic cows in Zhangye city.【Method】 Animal Husbandry administrative staff randomly got to the breeding station of townships and farmers raising cows to survey the implement of subsidy policies in Ganzhou district,then statistically analyzed the research result.【Results】The results showed that the free artificial insemination breeding policy to cows had a positive effect to the farmers.At the same time,there still existed the policy fund did not reach in time,which would influence the cattle raising production.【Conclusion】Free artificial insemination to cow was a subsidy measure,which was meaningful for the cow steadily raising,but it needed to be further improved.

  12. Energy efficiency rating of districts, case Finland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is an increasing political pressure on the city planning to create more energy efficient city plans. Not only do the city plans have to enable and promote energy efficient solutions, but it also needs to be clearly assessed how energy efficient the plans are. City planners often have no or poor know how about energy efficiency and building technologies which makes it difficult for them to answer to this need without new guidelines and tools. An easy to use tool for the assessment of the energy efficiency of detailed city plans was developed. The aim of the tool is for city planners to easily be able to assess the energy efficiency of the proposed detailed city plan and to be able to compare the impacts of changes in the plan. The tool is designed to be used with no in-depth knowledge about energy or building technology. With a wide use of the tool many missed opportunities for improving energy efficiency can be avoided. It will provide better opportunities for sustainable solutions leading to less harmful environmental impact and reduced emissions. - Highlights: • We have created a tool for assessing energy efficiency of detailed city plans. • The energy source is the most important factor for efficiency of districts in Finland. • Five case districts in Finland were analyzed. • In this paper one residential district has in-depth sensitivity analyses done

  13. 广州市海珠区青少年健康危险行为调查%Investigation on Health Risk Behaviors of Adolescents in Haizhu District of Guangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭宁晓; 潘国新; 丘春萍; 梁佳志

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective] To understand the current status about risk behaviors Of adolescents in Haizhu District of Guangzhou City.[ Methods] Based on multistage sampling method,801 students from middle schools and universities in Haizhu District were selected and surveyed by questionnaire of Guangzhou City Youth Health Risk Behaviors. [ Results ] It was found that rate of risk behaviors were reported as the following: eating at street vendor (33.21% ), western fast-food (21.60% ), sweet kinds of food ( 16.35% ),food preference ( 29.59% ); weight loss ( 61.92% ), including reducing weight by exercise ( 51.44% ), by diet ( 27.34% ); lower exercise rate of college students weekly (8.60% ~ 20.79% ); high reporting rates of internet (89.25 % ), followed by sports activities ( 32.95% ~ 63.33% ) and extra learning ( 75.10% ~ 81.56% ) among high school students; rate of violating traffic rules when riding bicycles ( 15.05 % ), swimming at unsafe places in past 1 year ( 7.62% ), thoughts of away from home ( 24.71% ) , suicide ideation( 7.74% ), respectively; learn pressure ( 13.23% ), fights (21.47%), no security guarantee ( 12.86% ) in teenagers;smoking-attempting (22.97% ) , recent drinking (28.96%); ever drugs usage(6.74% ) and sedative and hypnotic drugs usage ( 5.87% ); marginal sexual behavior and sexual behavior in high school students and college students of 34.10% ,55.20% ;4. 60%,5.02% respectively. Significant differences of various sorts of health risk behaviors existed between students with different genders and learning stages. [ Conclusion ] Health risk behaviors of adolescents can not be ignored in Haizhou District of Guangzhou City. It is necessary to adopt integrated managements to prevent and reduce its occurrence.%目的 了解广州市海珠区青少年健康危险行为现状.方法 采用分层整群抽样的方法,随机抽取该区大、中学在校学生801名,采用广州市青少年健康危险

  14. Analyses on species composition and community structure of “Fengshui woods” in Luogang District in Guangzhou City%广州市萝岗区风水林植物组成及群落结构分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易绮斐; 王发国; 刘东明; 陈红锋; 邢福武

    2012-01-01

    通过野外实地调查,对广州市萝岗区风水林的植物组成及群落结构进行了分析.结果表明:萝岗区单个风水林面积为40 ~600 hm2,共有维管植物112科255属387种;其中,蕨类植物15科21属35种,裸子植物1科1属2种,被子植物96科233属350种;草本和乔木种类较多,分别有122和111种;灌木和藤本种类较少,分别有84和70种;其中,包含国家级珍稀保护植物5种和一些需要关注的种类,以及林下凤尾蕨(Pteris grevilleana Wall.ex Agardh)和虎克鳞盖蕨[Microlepia hookeriana (Wall.) Presl]2种广州市新记录种.优势科较明显,包含茜草科(Rubiaceae)、菊科(Compositae)、大戟科(Euphorbiaceae)、禾本科(Poaceae)、蝶形花科(Papilionaceae)、樟科( Lauraceae)等;虽然寡属科和寡种科所占比例较大,但包含种数较少;寡种属所占比例较大,占总属数的90.59%.植被类型属于南亚热带季风常绿阔叶林,以南亚热带常绿树种为主,可分为乔木层、灌木层和草本层,层间有丰富的藤本植物;作为群落的主体结构,木本植物较草本植物有优势.群落优势建群种主要为樟科、大戟科、壳斗科(Fagaceae)、山茶科(Theaceae)、胡桃科(Juglandaceae)和苏木科(Caesalpiniaceae)等科的种类,依据优势种不同可划分为13个群系.根据调查结果,对广州市萝岗区风水林的保护和资源利用提出了建议.%The species composition and community structure of "Fengshui woods" in Luogang District in Guangzhou City were analyzed by field investigation. The results show that area of a "Fengshui woods" in Luogang District in Guangzhou City is 40-600 hm2 and there are 387 species of vascular plants belonging to 255 genera in 112 families. In which, there are 35 species of pteridophyte belonging to 21 genera in 15 families, 2 species of gymnosperm belonging to 1 genus in 1 family and 350 species of angiosperm belonging to 233 genera in 96 families. And among these species, herbs

  15. 广州市荔湾区2006年登革热疫情流行病学特征分析%The epidemiological characteristics of Dengue fever in Liwan district of Guangzhou city in 2006

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丽莉; 范健文; 余毅; 杨翠辉; 曾祥越

    2008-01-01

    目的 分析广州市荔湾区2006年登革热疫情流行病学特征,探讨预防控制措施.方法 对各医院报告的病例进行流行病学个案调查;采集病例血样作血清学或病原学检测;对疫点进行蚊媒调查,在疫点周围开展病例搜索.共接报350例病例(包括疑似病例),采集336份血标本进行血清学检测,检出登革热IgM和(或)IgG阳性296份,其中12例分离到登革热病毒;共对176个疫点进行处理.结果 广州市荔湾区2006年共报告登革热病例310例,发病率为43.66/10万(按户籍人口计算),无死亡病例;疫情涉及20个行政街,有4个暴发点;流行季节为7月上旬至11月中旬,高峰在8月下旬和9月上旬;病毒为登革Ⅰ型;男性177例,女性133例,性别比1.33∶1;发病年龄最大为78岁,最小为3岁,以青壮年为主,20~39岁136例,占43.87%.结论 该区存在有利登革热流行的自然、社会因素,预防控制是一项长期、复杂的工作,今后要加强疫情预测预报,加快老城区和城中村的改造.%Objective To study the epidemiological characteristics of Dengue fever in Liwan district of Guangzhou city in 2006 and explore the prevention and control strategy.Methods A case-study was conducted based on patients notified by hospitals.The serum samples were collected from the reported cases for the detection of anti-dengue virus antibodies and dengue virus.The mosquito vector at epidemic spot was investigated and cases were further identified at the epidemic spots.A total of 350 cases were reported (including suspected cases),and 336 blood samples were collected for serum testing.The detection of dengue IgM and(or)IgG was 296.Of which,dengue virus Was isolated in 12 cases,and preventive measures have been taken at 176 epidemic spots.Results There was 310 cases of dengue fever in Liwan district of Guangzhou city in 2006.The incidence rate was 4.366 per ten thousand(according to the census register population)and no death toll

  16. poverty and poverty alleviation in globalised cities

    OpenAIRE

    Verena Ast

    2014-01-01

    In the light of increasing "division of the cities" and its underlying process of socio-spatial segregation researches focus more and more on the consequences of this process: the development of advantaged and disadvantaged districts within contemporary cities. Thereby especially poverty alleviation respectively poverty eradication in disadvantaged districts becomes an emerging and central field of intervention in social policies. This is due to the broad impact of poverty like higher risk of...

  17. Building Public Confidence in Urban Schools: It Begins inside the District. A Guide for Administrators and Board Members. A Public Relations Executives Network Project of the Council of the Great City Schools, 2009-2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Council of the Great City Schools, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Effective organizational communication begins with employees, who should be communications ambassadors for a district. From administrators to teachers to school bus drivers to custodians, employees set the tone for a district. The informal conversations they have at church, the bowling alley, the barbershop and other venues can make or break the…

  18. Ranking of Logistics System Scenarios for Central Business District

    OpenAIRE

    Radoman Tadić, Snežana; Marko Zečević, Slobodan; Dragan Krstić, Mladen

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the procedure for logistics system scenario selection for the central business district (CBD) of the city in the phase of significant urban changes. Scenarios are defined in accordance with the overall logistics concept of the city. Conflicting goals of stakeholders (residents, shippers and receivers, logistics providers and city government) generate a vast number of criteria that need to be included when selecting the scenario for the city area logistics system. Due to li...

  19. Investigation and analysis on epidemiological status of female malignant tumors in Zhanggong district of Ganzhou city and Shanggao county%赣州市章贡区和上高县女性恶性肿瘤流行情况调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘杰; 朱丽萍; 杨旭丽; 李艾; 吉路; 赵军

    2013-01-01

    目的:了解赣州市章贡区和上高县女性恶性肿瘤发病情况,为当地恶性肿瘤防治提供参考.方法:分析赣州市章贡区和上高县2009年女性恶性肿瘤发病报告数据,计算主要肿瘤的发病率、顺位、累积率和截缩率等指标.结果:2009年赣州市章贡区女性居民恶性肿瘤报告粗发病率为157.72/10万,35~64岁女性截缩率为236.68/10万;上高县女性恶性肿瘤粗发病率为116.58/10万,35 ~64岁女性截缩率为150.21/10万;赣州市章贡区女性恶性肿瘤发病率高于上高县(P<0.05);乳腺癌、肺癌是赣州市章贡区和上高县女性发病率前两位的恶性肿瘤.结论:乳腺癌、肺癌及消化系统恶性肿瘤应成为赣州市章贡区和上高县女性居民恶性肿瘤防治的重点.%Objective: To understand the prevalences of female malignant tumors in Zhanggong district of Ganzhou city and Shanggao county, and provide reference for preventing and treating malignant tumors. Methods: The data reported of female malignant tumors in Zhanggong district of Ganzhou city and Shanggao county were analyzed, the morbidities, ranks, accumulative rates, and truncated incidence rates of major tumors were calculated. Results: The crude incidence rate of malignant tumors among female residents in Zhanggong district of Ganzhou city in 2009 was 157. 72/100 000, the truncated incidence rate among 35 - 64 - year old women was 236. 68/100 000; the crude incidence rate of malignant tumors among female residents in Shanggao county was 116. 58/100 000, the truncated incidence rate among 35 -64 -year old women was 150. 21/100 000; the incidence rate of female malignant tumors in Zhanggong district of Ganzhou city was statistically significantly higher than that in Shanggao county (P <0. 05) ; breast cancer and lung cancer were the two two malignant tumors among women in Zhanggong district of Ganzhou city and Shanggao county. Conclusion: Breast cancer, lung cancer, and malignant

  20. 北京市 M 区成年人慢性病现状调查%Analysis of Morbidity and Risk Factors of Chronic Disease in M District,Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊维芝; 宋丽君; 周桂荣; 叶纯; 王晓波; 杨立新; 王俊仪; 庄国良; 吴妮娜

    2015-01-01

    目的:调查北京市 M 区成年人的慢性病患病情况,分析主要慢性病的特征,探讨慢性病的防范策略.方法采用多阶段分层随机整群抽样调查 M 区9个乡镇4个街道的3602例19~79岁成年人,调查内容包括调查问卷、血生化检测和体格测量.结果成人高血压和血脂异常的标化后患病率分别达到29.2%和22.91%;骨关节病和糖尿病的标化后患病率分别达到14.74%和10.3%.城乡居民的高血压、血脂异常、糖尿病、冠心病和恶性肿瘤的患病率均没有显著性差异.超重和肥胖组的居民分别占调查人口的37.13%和16.56%,肥胖组的高血压、血脂异常、骨关节病和糖尿病的患病率分别达到54.77%、41.34%、22.44%和20.85%.结论高血压、糖尿病、血脂异常和肥胖等慢性病仍是 M 区疾控预防控制工作的重点,男性和肥胖人群是主要慢性病的重点发病人群,需要同等重视城市和农村居民的慢病风险干预和控制.%Objectives To investigate and analyze the prevalence of chronic diseases among adults in M District of Beijing city,and to put forward prevention strategies.Methods Totally 3 602 adults aged 18 to 79 were randomly selected with stratified multi-stage cluster sampling method in 9 towns and 4 street of M District.The questionnaire interview,physical examination and laboratory tests were carried out to collect data.Results The standardized mor-bidity rate of hypertension,dyslipidemia,osteoarthrosis and diabetes were 29.2%,22.91%,14.74% and 10.3%, respectively.There were no significant difference between urban and rural adults in the prevalence rate of hyperten-sion,dyslipidemia,diabetes,coronary heart disease and cancer.Overweight and obese group adults accounted for 37.13% and 1 6.56% of the population surveyed respectively.The morbidity rate of hypertension,dyslipidemia,os-teoarthrosis and diabetes of obese group reached 54

  1. 佛山市南海区制鞋业工人职业健康状况调查%Investigation of occupation health of shoemaking workers in Nanhai District of Foshan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董勤

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解佛山市南海区内制鞋业工人职业健康状况,为加强职业卫生工作制定方案提供依据.方法 通过统计分析企业工人职业健康检查中血常规检测结果,结合作业场所中“三苯”浓度监测结果,评估对工人健康危害情况.结果 接触组血常规异常率为5.48%明显高于非接触组的2.67%.接触组中女性血常规异常率为6.75%,高于男性的3.66%;不同工种中掹鞋、落底工人血常规异常率分别为7.84%、7.06%,高于接面的3.69%和成型流水线的3.68%,掹鞋、落底车间苯浓度超标率也较高.结论 南海区制鞋企业仍需进一步降低苯的使用率,加强工人尤其是女性的卫生防护和健康监护.%[Objective]To investigate the occupation health of shoemaking workers in Nanhai District of Foshan City, and provide evidence for strengthening the occupation health work with plan. [Methods] Through the statistical analysis of enterprise workers' occupation health examination results (routine blood test results) combined with the workplace concentration monitoring results of benzene, toluene , xylene, the workers'health risks were evaluated. [Results] The Mood routine test abnormal rate of exposure group was 5.48% significantly higher than that of non contact group 2.67% , that of female workers in exposure group was 6.75% higher than the male 3.66% ; among different types of works, the blood abnormal rates of workers engaged in shoe-covering and bottom-fixing were 7.84% and 7.06% , higher than that of workers engaged in vamp- jointing 3. 69% and molding line 3.68%. The benzene concentrations in shoe-covering and bottom-fixing workshop exceeded the standard seriously. [Conclusion]Shoemaking enterprises in Nanhai District need to further reduce the use of benzene, and strengthen health protection and health care for workers , especially for women.

  2. 长安区中学生吸烟现状及影响因素分析%Smoking and its influential factors of among middle school students in Chang'an district,Xi'an city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱妮; 王学良; 朱宏亮; 丛斌; 刘南

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解陕西省西安市长安区中学生吸烟情况及影响因素.方法 采用分层整群抽样方法抽取长安区6所中学的1273名学生,对其进行问卷调查.结果 长安区中学生总吸烟率为16.73%,男生吸烟率为30.88%,女生为1.93%,性别比较差异有统计学意义(χ2=191.29,P<0.01);45.32%的学生开始吸烟的原因是由于受朋友、家庭、同学影响;70.43%在郁闷时选择吸烟;初、高中学生对吸烟行为持反对态度的比例均为80%左右;Logistic回归分析结果表明,男生、认为吸烟是享受是吸烟行为发生的危险因素,而认为吸烟是一种不良习惯观点则对中学生控烟起保护作用.结论 学生控烟应从自身、学校、家庭等多方面采取综合干预措施,应以学生对吸烟的态度及危害认识为重点进行教育.%Objective To explore the status and risk factors of smoking among middle school students in Chang'an district of Xi'an city. Methods By stratified cluster sampling, 1 299 middle school students from 6 middle schools in Chang'an district were chosen and surveyed with a questionnaire. Results The total smoking rate was 16. 7% (30. 88% in the boys,1.93% in the girls) with a statistical difference in gender( x2 = 191.29,P <0. 01 ). There were 45.32% of the respondents reporting an attempt to smoke because of the influence of their friends,family and classmates,and 70. 43% reporting smoking when being depressed. The ratio of the respondents with negative attitude toward smoking behavior was 80%. Logistic regression showed that male, regarding smoking as an enjoyment were the risk factors of smoking, whereas regarding smoking as a bad habit could prevent the students from smoking. Conclusion Comprehensive smoking intervention program should be carried out in class, family and school, and the attitude toward smoking and the hazard of smoking are key points in health education.

  3. Monitoring and analysis of food contaminations in Haizhu district of Guangzhou city%广州市海珠区市食品污染物监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘馨桦; 郭宁晓; 宋叶

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解广州市海珠区市售食品污染物现况,为制订有效防控措施提供科学依据.方法 抽取海珠区各类超市、农贸市场各类食品进行化学污染物和食源性致病菌监测.结果 共监测样品418份,合格率72.97%.不合格食品主要是猪内脏、水产品、水发食品或保鲜食品、凉拌菜、蔬菜、烧烤熟肉.镉、甲醛、亚硝酸盐、山梨酸、二氧化硫仍然是食品污染的主要指标,镉超标率为3.90%,甲醛超标率为30.14%;副溶血弧菌、沙门氏菌在水产品和畜肉中检出,检出率为3.81%,73.08%的熟肉制品和凉拌菜大肠菌群超标.结论 广州市海珠区市售食品污染相对较轻,但仍存在重金属、食品添加剂、食源性致病菌等污染因素,应采取有效措施,提高食品安全性.%Objective To understand the status of market food contaminations in Haizhu district of Guangzhou and provide scientific basis for making effective control and prevention measures. Method Randomly selected different kinds of market food from supermarkets and farm product markets and carried on food - borne pathogens and chemical contaminations test Results 418 food samples were tested and the eligibility rate was 72.97%. The unqualified foods were pig entrails, a-quatic product, water-soaked food, frozen food, cold dishes, vegetables and cooked meat. The major pollution indicators were Cadmium, Formaldehyde, Nitrite, Sorbic acid and Sulfur dioxide. The over- standard ratio of cadmium was 3.90% , Formaldehyde was 30.14%. Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Salmonella were detected from aquatic product and meat ( detection rate was 3.81 % ) . Bacteria was  over standard in 73.08% of cooked food and cold dishes. Conclusions The food contamination in Haizhu district of Guangzhou city is relatively light, but still exists contaminants such as metal contamination, food additives and food - borne pathogens, so effective measures should be taken to reduce the

  4. 重庆市南岸区2010年土源性线虫感染现状调查研究%Soil-transmitted nematode infections in the Nan an District of Chongqing city, 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁红; 陶杨; 方勇

    2011-01-01

    Objective To analyze the distribution of soil-transmitted nematode infections in Nan-an District and provide scientific evidence for prevention and remedial measures. Methods A stratified sampling method was applied to select target towns and residential districts according to the geographic features and economic condition. Villages were selected by random cluster sampling. The modified Kato-Katz method of thick smear was applied to detect nematode eggs. Enterobius vermicularis eggs were collected by scrubbing sticky tapes around the anus of children. Results Four detected species of geohelminthes were identified as Ascaris lumbricoides, Pinwornl, Trichuris trichiura and Hookworm,which had the infection rate of 0. 48%, 1.90%, 0. 10% and 16. 36%, respectively. The rate of parasite infestation was 17. 13% on average, with the lowest infection rate in Haitangxi (2. 37%), and the highest in Changshengqiao (28. 80%). The infection rate of soil-transmitted nematode was significantly higher in rural area than that in city. The highest risk people were farmers (26.08%) and residents without education (25.99%). Conclusion Efficient education program needs to be developed to prevent the high risk people from soil-transmitted nematode infections.%目的 分析重庆市南岸区人群土源性线虫感染的分布现状,为制定防治对策提供依据.方法 按照规定的方法 和要求进行.根据地理位置和经济条件两特征分层抽样到乡镇、街道,再随机整群抽样到村,抽到的村为调查点;用改良藤涂片法(Kato-Kolz厚涂片法)检查粪便标本中各种虫卵,另外用透明胶纸肛拭法查蛲虫卵.用SAS8.2版统计分析软件,进行x2检验,α=0.05.结果共调查2 066人,查出4种土源性线虫,蛔虫、蛲虫、鞭虫,钩虫的感染率分别为0.48%、1.90%、0.10%、16.36%,人群土源性线虫总感染率为17.13%,海棠溪街道土源性线虫感染率(2.37%)最低,长生桥镇土源性线虫感染率(28

  5. 广州市海珠区6岁儿童患龋的家庭影响因素%Family factors of caries in 6-year-old children in Guangzhou City, Haizhuqu District

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李曼煜; 张梦葩; 袁贤君

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨儿童龋病形成的家庭相关因素,为龋病预防提供参考.方法:①采用横断面研究对广州市海珠区1 042名6岁儿童进行口腔检查,了解患龋情况;②对儿童家长进行封闭式问卷调查,主要了解儿童饮食、口腔卫生习惯,家长对口腔保健的知、信、行等内容.结果:1042名受检儿童中,患龋526人,其中男性273人,女性253人,龋损率(50.4%),龋均3.12.儿童日常饮食种类及口腔卫生习惯与其患龋相关;家长口腔保健的知、信、行与儿童患龋相关.结论:减少含糖食品的摄入频率,少吃零食;培养儿童良好的口腔卫生习惯;加大对儿童家长口腔健康教育的力度,是预防儿童龋病的重要措施.%AIM:To investigate the family factors of caries in 6-year old children in Haizhu District,Guangzhou City.METHODS:Parents of 1042 children aged 6-year-old were asked to answer a questionnaire conceming children' s diet,eating habit,oral health care habit and the knowledge of oral health.The children received dental examination.RESULTS:Caries prevalence was 50.4% (526/1042,273 boyes and 253 girls) and DMFT was 3.12.Frequent intake of sugar and soft drinks were related to caries incidence rate.Parents' oral health care knowledge and children' s tooth brushing frequency were also relevant factors to caries formation.CONCLUSION:Oral health care education should be promoted for parents of young children.And children should be encouraged to take less sugar and brush their teeth more frequently.

  6. 绍兴市越城区食品中食源性致病菌污染状况监测%Pollution monitoring of foodborne pathogens in food of Yuecheng district, Shaoxing city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章迎春; 陆永梅; 张雁

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解绍兴市越城区食品中食源性致病菌的污染状况,探讨各种致病菌污染原因,对可能发生的食物中毒进行预测,并为食源性疾病控制提供基础数据和科学依据.方法:按浙江省监测工作要求,采集本地具有一定代表性、典型性和适时性的样品,共计10类400份,依据GB4789进行沙门菌、单核细胞增生李斯特菌、肠出血性大肠杆菌O157:H7、副溶血性弧菌、大肠菌群等致病菌检测.结果:400份样品有29份检出上述致病菌,致病菌总检出率为7.25%.结论:食品中存在食源性致病菌污染,是食源性疾病发生的潜在危险因素,应分析原因并采取针对性措施提高食品安全.%Objective: To study the pollution monitoring status of foodborne pathogens in food of Yuecheng district of Shaoxing city, discuss the cause of pathogenic bacteria pollution and predict the potential food poisoning, so as to provide basic data and scientific basis for foodborne disease control. Methods: According to the monitoring task of Zhejiang province, a total of 400 local samples in 10 kinds with timeliness and typical representative, were collected to carry out the detection of salmonella bacteria, listeria monocytogenes, enterohemorrhagic E. coli 0157:H7 , vibri-o parahemolyticus, coliform groups and so on according to GB4789. Results: 29 samples were found the above pathogenic bacteria among 400 samples. The total pathogenic bacteria detection rate was 7. 25% . Conclusion: The pollution of foodborne pathogens is a potential risk factor for foodborne diseases, and it's better to analyse the reason and take targeted measures to improve the food security.

  7. 郑州市惠济区2005-2012年 NGU 疫情流行病学分析%Analysis of NGU epidemiological trend from 2005 to 2012 in Huiji district,Zhengzhou city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋宏剑; 魏红玲; 王兆胜

    2014-01-01

    目的:通过分析郑州市惠济区2005-2012年非淋菌性尿道炎( NGU)的流行特征,提出惠济区今后对NGU的防治措施。方法采用描述流行病学方法,对惠济区 NGU 疫情的三间分布及传播途径进行描述。结果2005-2012年惠济区共报告NGU患者450例,疫情呈上升趋势,发病率由3.75/10万上升到30.00/10万。女性发病率明显高于男性,男女之比为1∶8,25~34岁为高发年龄段,占总病例数的80.44%。职业分布以商业服务、农民工、企业工人为主要发病人群,结论惠济区NGU疫情日趋严重,应加强对重点人群的监测和管理,强化各项干预措施,降低发病率。%Objective To analyze NGU ( Non gonococcal urethritis ) epidemic trend from 2005 to 2012 in Huiji district , Zhengzhou city , and put forward the NGU control measures in the coming years .Methods Descriptive epidemiological method was carried out , and pathogen propagation and three ways for the NGU epidemic features were described . Results Total 450 cases for NGU were reported from 2005 to 2012 in Huiji dstrict , the epidemic trend was rising , the in-cidence rate from 3.75/100 000 increased to 30.00/100 000.The incidence for female case was significantly higher than that of male case, ratio for male case to female case is 1 ∶8, person of 25~34 years age is major case group, accounting for 80.44%in all cases.Occupation distribution is in a order of commercial service person , migrant worker, enterprise worker .Conclusions NGU epidemic situation is becoming more seriousily in Huiji distric , it should be strengthened for the monitoring and management of population at risk , strengthened the intervention measures to reduce the incidence of NGU.

  8. 2008-2011年上海市闸北区放射工作人员个人剂量监测结果%Monitoring results of individual dose among radiation workers in Zhabei District of Shanghai City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡菁婷; 赵军

    2012-01-01

    目的 分析上海市闸北区2008-2011年放射工作人员个人剂量监测结果,评价放射防护效果.方法 依据《职业性外照射个人剂量监测规范》的要求,采用热释光剂量测量方法对放射工作人员进行个人剂量监测.结果 4年间总体人均剂量当量为0.31 mSv/a,不同放射工种的人均剂量当量范围在0.10~0.58 mSv/a之间,均低于全国和上海市平均水平.结论 放射工作人员年人均剂量当量明显低于国家限值(20 mSv/a),4年监测中未发现超限值对象,现有防护条件可满足安全需求.%[Objective]To analyze the monitoring results of individual dose among radiation workers in Zhahei District of Shanghai City from 2008-2011, and evaluate the protection effect. [ Methods ] Based on requirements of " Specifications of individual dose monitoring for occupational exposure" , thermoluminescent dosimetry was adopted to perform individual dose monitoring. [ Results] The total average dose equivalent was 0. 31 mSv/a in 4 years, the average individual dose equivalent among radiation workers with different types of work ranged from 0. 10-0-58 mSv/a which was lower than the average level of Shanghai and China. [Conclusion] The annual average dose equivalent of radiation worker is obviously lower than the national limit (20 mSv/a) , no worker with over standard dose equivalent has been found in 4 years, and the existed protection conditions can satisfy the security needs.

  9. 北京市朝阳区第一道绿化隔离带政策实施评价%Evaluation of Implementation of the First Greenbelt's Policy in Chaoyang District, Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王昊; 蔡玉梅; 张文新

    2011-01-01

    Beijing is the first city that uses greenbelt as a tool for controlling urban expansion, and Chaoyang District occupies the biggest area of greenbelt. Based on data of land use change survey in the years of 1997, 2001 and 2 006, applying GIS's technology, this paper analyzes the characteristics of temporal and spatial changes of land use and landscape pattern of the first greenbelt area, and evaluates the two main functions of the greenbelt, i. e. , controlling urban expansion and improving ecological pattern of landscape. The result shows that the implementation of the first greenbelt policy has increased the area of woodland and succeeded to a certain extent in controlling urban expansion and improving urban ecological environment. However, the effect of the greenbelt policy has not been completely satisfactory and the relevant policy still needs modification.%以北京第一道绿隔所占面积最大的地区朝阳区1997、2001和2006年3个年度的土地变更调查数据为数据源,采用地理信息系统的方法,在对第一道绿化隔离带的土地利用变化特点和景观格局变化进行时空变化分析的基础上,对绿化隔离带在控制城市蔓延及改善景观生态格局这两个主要功能进行了政策实施评价.结果表明,通过第一道绿化隔离带政策的实施增加了林地的面积,在一定程度上控制了北京中心城市的蔓延,改善了城市生态环境,但是控制和改善的程度与预期比尚有一定的差距,绿化隔离带的相关政策仍需要进一步完善.

  10. Practice and Thinking of the Implementation of the National Essential Drug System in Futian District, Shenzhen City%深圳市福田区实施国家基本药物制度的实践与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王跃平; 刘敬文; 陈建; 周勇; 李玉珍

    2011-01-01

    The supply, use and zero-plus sale of the essential drugs in all basic health facilities, are the crucial element of the establishment of the national essential drug system. In April, 2008, Futian District, Shenzhen City promoted the essential drugs zero-plus sale policy and implementation of the national essential drug system firstly. The article describes the main approaches and the effectiveness, analyzes that the implementation of the national essential drug system is conducive to improve the basic health care system, to optimize financial compensation mechanisms of health care, and to change the medical institutions operating mechanism and the medical concept of the people. It is suggested that the key points are to make scientific a essential drug directory, to establish a stable channel for the compensation of the drug zero-plus sale and a strict supervision of essential drugs for the implementation of the national essential drug system.%实现基层卫生机构全部配备使用基本药物并实行零差率销售,是建立国家基本药物制度的关键环节.介绍了深圳市福田区2008年4月起在社区卫生机构实施国家基本药物制度并实行零加成政策的主要做法与成效,认为实施国家基本药物制度有利于完善基本医疗服务体系,有利于优化医疗卫生财政补偿机制,有利于转变医疗机构运行机制,有利于居民群众就医观念的转变.关键要科学制定社区基本用药目录,建立稳定的药品差价补偿渠道,实行严格的基本药品监管.

  11. Survey of the risk factors of the patients with stroke in city and countryside intersection in Pudong New District%浦东新区城乡结合部脑卒中危险因素调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱君效; 许东伟; 张立娟; 赵梅珍; 史楠; 张蔚; 张燕; 金磊; 王志敬; 狄勇

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解浦东新区城乡结合部脑卒中患者的危险因素,为二级预防提供依据。方法:采用横断面调查,分析脑卒中患者社会、经济、文化特征、相关危险因素的暴露率。结果:脑卒中患者中,高血压、冠心病、房颤、糖尿病、高血脂、周围神经病的暴露率分别为80.9%、25.9%、8.4%、21.3%、24.9%、2.4%,超重和肥胖占39%。结论:上海浦东新区城乡结合部的高血压、冠心病、高脂血症人群是脑卒中二级预防的重点干预对象;要大力倡导戒烟、限酒、适当体育锻炼等健康生活方式。%Objective:To study the risk factors of the patients with stroke in city and countryside intersection in Pudong New District to provide the basis for the secondary prevention. Methods:The cross-sectional survey was adopted. The patients’ characteristics of society, economy, culture and the exposure rate to the relevant risk factors were analyzed. Results:Their rates of hypertension, coronary heart disease, atrial ifbrillation, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and exposure rate of peripheral neuropathy were 80.9%, 25.9%, 8.4%, 21.3%, 24.9%, and 2.4%, respectively. The rate of over-weight or obesity was 39%. Conclusion:The patients with hypertension, coronary heart disease, and hyperlipidemia are the key objects of intervention. It should be strongly advocated cessation of smoking, limitation of alcohol, proper physical exercise and healthy life styles.

  12. 重庆市某区统筹医疗保险居民受益公平分析%The Public Benefit Equity of City-Country Consistency Medical Security in a District of Chongqing Municipality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜涛; 陆筱聪; 项莉

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨重庆市某区城乡居民在统筹医疗保险的受益公平性.方法:利用保险基金使用率、实际补偿比和住院受益率等指标进行分析.结果:上年参加低档筹资标准保险的农村居民次均自付住院费用更少和经济收入较低,共同导致了绝大部分农村居民偏好低档筹资标准;参保高档筹资标准保险的城乡居民受益程度更大;参保高档筹资标准的城镇居民住院受益程度比参加同档筹资标准的农村居民大.结论:逐步缩小两档筹资标准和补偿差距,提高基层医疗机构名义补偿比,加强对农村居民的住院补偿力度.%Objectives: To evaluate if the urban and the rural of a District in Chongqing municipality benefited equally from City-Country Consistency Medical Insurance. Methods: Using indicators of utilization rate of insurance fund, actual compensation rate, and benefit rate of hospitalization. Results: Low economic income and the lower actual hospitalization expense of the rural in the last year's jointly lead most of them selected the lower level medical security; those who have chosen the high level medical security benefit more; the urban residents who have chosen the high level medical security benefit more. Conclusion: Narrowing gradually gap of security expenses and compensations of the two kinds of financing standard; promoting policy reimbursement ratio for basic medical service and increasing hospitalization compensation for the rural.

  13. 深圳市盐田区育龄女性生殖道感染现状分析%Analysis on the current situation of reproductive tract infection in women of child-bearing age in Yantian district of Shenzhen city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王明真; 陈国荣; 叶碧清; 刘燕香; 张素盘; 张灵

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To understand the current situation of reproductive tract infection in women of childbearing age in Yantian district of Shenzhen city, provide reference for community intervention. Methods: Stratified cluster sampling method was used to selected 900 women of childbearing age from Yantian district of Shenzhen city, then questionnaire investigation, routine gynecological examination, and laboratory examination were performed. Results; The prevalence rate of reproductive tract infection in women of childbearing age in Yantian district of Shenzhen city was 70.44%. The incidences of pelvic inflammatory disease, annexitis, chronic pelvic inflammatory disease, trichomonas vaginitis, vulvovaginal candidiasis, and other vaginitis were 1. 24% , 2. 33% , 25. 00% , 0.55% , 39. 11% , and 7. 44% , respectively. Conclusion: The prevalence rate of reproductive tract infection in women of childbearing age in Yantian district of Shenzhen city was high, especially vulvovaginal candidiasis, the times of artificial abortion was the main influencing factor of reproductive tract infection.%目的:了解深圳市盐田区育龄女性生殖道感染的现状,为社区干预提供依据.方法:采用整群分层抽样的方法,抽取深圳市盐田区育龄妇女900例,进行问卷调查、常规妇科检查和实验室检查.结果:深圳市盐田区育龄女性生殖道感染患病率为70.44%,其中盆腔炎患病率1.24%;附件炎患病率为2.33%;慢性宫颈炎患病率25.00%;滴虫性阴道炎患病率0.55%;外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病患病率39.11%;其他阴道炎患病率7.44%.结论:深圳市盐田区育龄女性生殖道感染患病率较高,以外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病为明显,人工流产次数为生殖道感染的主要影响因素.

  14. The Study of Realistic Difficulties and Countermeasure of Creating National Historical and Cultural City---A Case Study of Lvshunkou District%历史文化名城创建的现实困境与对策研究--以旅顺口区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王恒

    2014-01-01

    This paper discussed the significance of creating famous historical and cultural city. Then, the author analyzed the present situation of regional basic conditions. The article point out the reason of Lvshunkou district has not become national historical and cultural city. They include: the misunderstanding in the con-struction of cities; the real concern; the restriction mechanism and so on several aspects. The author put forward the countermeasures for the problems of creating national historical and cultural city in Lvshunkou district. They include: set up a protection and manage-ment of national historical and cultural city, set up a protection and development organization of national historical and cultural city, actively protect the historical block, held in BBS activities of national historical and cultural city, the whole people to partici-pate in the activities with the community as the main body, estab-lish and gradually improve the protection of relevant laws and reg-ulations and so on several aspects.%在阐述了创建历史文化名城意义的基础之上,针对区域现状进行了基础条件分析,并指出了旅顺至今未成功入选国家历史文化名城之列的原因,包括:城市建设中的认识误区;现实隐忧;制约机制等几个方面。针对上述问题,提出了旅顺创建历史文化名城的对策,包括:建立历史文化名城保护管理机构;成立历史文化名城保护与开发建设机构;积极保护历史街区,保证保护工作有效得力;举办旅顺历史文化名城论坛活动;社区主体,全民参与;建立并逐步完善保护建设相关法规等几个方面。

  15. Surveillance on adverse events following immuhization in Yuexiu district of Guangzhou city%广州市越秀区预防接种副反应监测分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辜洁妮; 湛柳华; 刘淑勤

    2011-01-01

    Guangzhou city from 2006 to 2009 and analyzed. Results Totally 286 AEFI cases were reported from 2006 to 2009 by the surveillance system. The estimated incidence of AEFI was 12.12/100 000 dose vaccination and most of the AEFI were reported during March to August. The AEFI reports involved 21 kinds of vaccine. Among all AEFI reported, there were 134 (5.67/100 000 doses) general response, 87 (3.68/100 000 doses) abnormal reaction, and 65 (2. 75/100 000 doses) coincidental reaction. The vaccines with first three frequent AEFI were Areinfluenza H1N1 influenza vaccine(75/100 000 doses) ,MR vaccine( 67.11/100 000 doses) and DTwP vaccine(66. 99/100 000 doses). The general reactions were fever (49. 25% ), local swelling and induration (29. 1% ), and fever with local swelling and induration (11. 94% ). The first three abnormal reactions were allergic skin rash, aseptic abscess, angioedema. The main coincidental reaction was upper respiratory infection. There were significant differences in the incidence of AEFI between vaccination with and without dilution^2 =5. 68 ,P = 0. 017 ) , and between different injection way (x2 = 4. 7, P = 0. 03). The children with allergy history were more likely to have abnormal reaction than general response with an odds ratio of 2.1. Conclusion No vaccine quality problem and mistake vaccination were found in AEFI surveillance. The vaccines are used safely and the incidence of AEFI is within the expected range in Yuexiu district of Guangzhou city.

  16. 贵阳市云岩区2010年居民营养与健康状况调查%Nutrition and health status among residents of Yunyan district, Guiyang city in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张江萍; 王艳; 刘力允; 张威; 吴雅冬; 李鹏华; 晏家玲

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate nutrition and health status of residents in Yunyan district,Guiyang city,for making effective health promotion strategy.Methods Multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling was adopted to select 1 456 people from 455 households in six communities of Yunyan district in 2010.The participants were investigated by questionnaire survey,dietary survey,medical check-up and laboratory tests.Results The intakes of grain and potato of the residents were adequate (283 grams per person per day).While the daily consumption of fresh fruits (34 grams),fish and shrimp(4 grams),milk and its products (51 grams) were obviously lower than the recommended standard.The consumptions of livestock and poultry meat(108 grams) and edible oil(44 grams) were high.The intakes of various kinds of dietary nutrients in the residents were below the national consumption level 2002.And the retinol equivalent and calcium were 320.5 μg RE and 352.7 mg,which were 40% and 44% of the recommended standard(Chinese dietary reference intakes).Cereals accounted for 45.9% of energy from food.Beans and animal food accounted for 47.5% of protein from food.Animal food accounted for 47.4% of lipid from food.Malnutrition rate,overweight rate,obesity rate,prevalence of hypertension,prevalence of diabetes,hypercholesterolemia,hypertriglyceridemia of the residents over 18 years old were 4.6%,33.4%,11.8%,17.5%,6.4%,12.4%,and 29.6%,respectively.Conclusion The residents in Yunyan district take sufficient foods.The main improvement measure for the dietary pattern is adjusting the imbalance of dietary structure.Chronic diseases will be an important public health problem among the residents.%目的 了解贵州省贵阳市云岩区居民营养与健康状况,为制定健康促进策略提供依据.方法 采取多阶段分层整群随机抽样方法,抽取云岩区6个社区(村)455户1 456人进行询问、膳食调查、医学体检和实验室检测.结果 当地居民

  17. Epidemiological investigation of HIV infection among unpaid blood donors in Shapingba District of Chongqing City%重庆市沙坪坝区无偿献血人群HIV感染情况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐婷; 喻荷莲; 罗阳; 李兵; 赵树铭; 蒋天伦

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解 HIV 在重庆市沙坪坝区无偿献血人群中的感染情况及流行特征,以加强血液管理,并为相关决策提供证据。方法对2007~2013年无偿献血者的血液检测标本145171人份,进行 HIV 传染性标志物检测,统计 HIV 感染率并分析人群特征。结果2007~2013年重庆市沙坪坝区无偿献血人群中 HIV 感染率为0.054%(79/145171),各年检出率分别为0.011%(2/17684)、0.054%(10/18554)、0.070%(14/19902)、0.068%(14/20578)、0.051%(12/23709)、0.056%(13/23268)和0.065%(14/21476)。异性传播占68.4%(54/79),男性占88.6%(70/79),20~<30岁年龄段占54.4%(43/79),未婚者占60.8%(48/79)。不同传播方式、性别、年龄组、婚姻状况及文化程度之间 HIV 阳性率的差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论沙坪坝区无偿献血人群中 HIV 感染处于高流行平稳趋势,HIV 阳性率逐年增加,而感染主要是通过性行为传播,应加强对未婚年轻男子艾滋病防治宣传工作。%Objective To investigate the human immunodeficiency virus(HIV) infection situation and epidemi‐ological characteristics of the unpaid blood donors in Shapingba district for strengthening blood management and pro‐viding evidence for relevant decision‐making .Methods A total of 145171 blood test samples of unpaid blood donors from January 2007 to December 2013 were tested for HIV infectious markers .The HIV infection rate and population characteristics were statistically analyzed .Results The HIV infection rate of volunteer blood donors in Shapingba district of Chongqing city during 2007 - 2013 was 0 .054% (79/145 171 ) ,the each annual rate was 0 .011% (2/17 684) ,0 .054% (10/18 554) ,0 .070% (14/19 902 ) ,0 .068% (14/20 578) ,0 .051% (12/23 709 ) ,0 .056% (13/23 268) and 0 .065% (14/21 476) ,respectively .Among them

  18. Status analysis of health literacy among residents in a district of Xuzhou city in 2013 and the influence factor%2013年某区居民健康素养现状分析及影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张光勤

    2014-01-01

    Objective To master the specific circumstances of residents′health literacy in Yunlong district of Xuzhou city in 2013,and summarize and analyze the influence factors of health literacy,so as to provide true information for developing health education strategies effectively. Methods Questionnaire survey was conducted among 450 residents with the age of 15-69 years old,who were selected from 6 committees of Yunlong district by multistage stratified cluster random sampling. The chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were conducted for the influencing factors of health literacy level. Results The rate of the overall residents′ health literacy in Yunlong district was 25.56%;the proportions of the basic knowledge and concepts of health,healthy life style and behavior and health skills literacy were 35.56%,10.22% and 51.78%,respectively;single factor analysis showed that different age groups,different cultural degree,different occupation crowd,different family income level,dif-ferences in health literacy level had statistical significance(P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that cultural degree(OR=1.234),age (OR=0.974),annual income level(OR=1.221) and occupation status for the medical staff (OR=4.078) and so on affected the health literacy of residents in the area. Conclusion The level of the health knowledge and the health skills of urban and rural residents in the area is high,however,the effect to develop healthy behavior is poor. It needs to increase the in-tensity of intervention to guide residents to develop healthy behavior,so that the health knowledge of urban and rural residents have can really help to guide behavior.%目的:调查2013年某区居民健康素养具体情况,总结分析影响居民健康素养的因素,为制订有效的健康教育对策提供真实信息。方法采用多阶段分层整群随机抽样方法在云龙区6个居委会抽取450名15~69岁常住人口进行问卷调查。对健康素

  19. 天津市南开区0~3岁儿童生长发育状况分析%Analysis on growth status of children under 3 years of age in Nankai district of Tianjin city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫贵明; 杨莉莉; 边桐欣; 齐桂婕

    2015-01-01

    目的 了解天津市南开区0~3岁儿童的生长发育状况,为本地区儿童保健工作提供参考依据.方法 采用便利抽样的方法选择天津市南开区王顶堤医院管辖范围内0~3岁儿童,共收集了2 880名儿童的健康查体资料.结果 儿童Z评分结果身长/体质量(WHZ)的M(M,Q75)值6、9、12、18个月分别为0.74(0.01,1.49)、0.73(0.08,1.38)、0.58(0.11,1.27)、0.54(0.14,1.22),与3、24、36个月[0.29(0.45,1.03)、0.17(0.61,0.95)、0.22(0.36,0.80)]相比,差异有统计学意义,x2=21.71,P<0.05;年龄/身长(HAZ)的M(Q25,Q75)值3、6、9、12、36个月分别为1.05 (0.33,1.76)、1.09(0.32,1.85)、1.22(0.41,2.02)、1.00(0.20,1.79)、1.09(0.19,1.99),与18、24个月[0.79(0.06,1.51)、0.86(0.15,1.56)]相比,差异有统计学意义,x2=27.83,P< 0.05;年龄/体质量(WAZ)的M(Q25,Q75)值3、12、18、24、36个月分别为0.88(0.29,1.46)、0.96 (0.31,1.61)、0.85 (0.19,1.51)、0.64 (0.04,1.23)、0.91 (0.28,1.54),与6、9个月[1.10(0.43,1.76)、1.09(0.43,1.74)]相比,差异有统计学意义,x2=36.95,P<0.05.调查地区儿童生长迟缓、消瘦、超重的发生率分别为0.3%(10/2 880)、0.8%(22/2 880)、9.3%(267/2 880).早产儿的体格状况与足月儿和过期产儿的体格状况差异有统计学意义,=140.23和100.64,P<0.05.结论 天津市南开区0~3岁儿童生长发育状况总体良好,男女差异不明显,超重成为现在儿童最大的健康问题;早产儿的体格状况低于足月产和过期产新生儿.%Objective The study aimed to explore the growth status of children under 3 years of age in Nankai district of Tianjin city,provide reference evidence for children's health care work of the local area.Methods Convenience sampling was used to collect physical examination records of children under 3 years old from Wangdingdi hospital in Nankai district of Tianjin city.The records of 2 880 children' physical examination data were collected.Results The median scores of weight for

  20. Large Districts to Use Stimulus for ELL Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zehr, Mary Ann

    2009-01-01

    At least four large urban school districts plan to spend a significant amount of their federal economic-stimulus money to support or improve programs for English-language learners, a fast-growing group in U.S. schools. The districts--Boston, New York City, St. Paul, Minnesota, and Seattle--have had varying degrees of success serving such students.…

  1. Zoning Districts, MFRDC has zoning boundaries for some of the counties and the cities in the area., Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Middle Flint RDC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Zoning Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as 'MFRDC has...

  2. 泉州市中心城区体育场地建设现状--以泉州市丰泽区为例%The Status of Sports Field Construction in Central District of Quanzhou City---Case study of Fengze District

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许科

    2015-01-01

    By the methods of literature study,logical analysis,interview,mathematical statistics,and based on the data of the Sixth National Sport-Venue Investigation,this research made a study of the quantities,scale,type,investment,distribution,operations in Fengze district.The result shows that:the number of Fengze average sports venue among each myriad people is less than Quanzhou,but the quality of the sports venue is much better,construction area account for 25.52% of the Quanzhou city,pervenue area is 1.45 m2 slightly higher than the average level in Quanzhou, per venue investment is 2 699.87 yuan greatly higher than the average level in Quanzhou 886 yuan,finance allocates funds accounted for 71.27% of the total amount of investment.The government should make an exquisite planning to the sports venue construction,constantly updated management concept, gradually introducing market operating mechanism,revitalize the stock increase the Fengze district sports venues open rate and operating efficiency.%采用文献法、逻辑分析法、数理统计法和专家访谈法,以全国第六次体育场地普查数据为依据,对泉州市中心城区的丰泽区体育场地数量、规模、类型、投资、分布、运营等进行了研究.结果表明:丰泽区每万人拥有体育场地数量低于泉州平均水平,但场地质量较高;场地规模占泉州市比例较大,特别是建筑面积占到泉州市的25.52%,但人均场地面积略高于泉州平均水平,达到1.45 m2;场地人均投资为2699.87元,大大高于泉州市886元的平均水平,且财政拨款占投资总额的71.27%.政府应进一步做好体育场地建设总体规划、不断更新经营管理理念、逐步引进市场化的运营机制、盘活存量提高丰泽区体育场地的开放率与运营效率.

  3. Mobile Students and Statewide Testing: A Contextual Influence on District Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez, Nadine T.

    The effect of student mobility on achievement on the High School Proficiency Test (HSPT), a state-mandated graduation test in New Jersey, was studied. Students in a small urban district in metropolitan New York City frequently transfer into and out of the district or between schools within the district. The research was conducted in an urban high…

  4. A District's Use of Data and Research to Inform Policy Formation and Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seager, Andrew; Madura, John P.; Cox, Joshua; Carey, Rebecca

    2015-01-01

    This descriptive study of a change initiative by the Syracuse (NY) City School District informs the question, "How do school boards and districts better use research and data to inform policy decisions?" Researchers used interviews and artifacts to describe how the district developed and implemented a new discipline policy, the Syracuse…

  5. Education Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaked, Haim

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, several cities in Israel have labeled themselves "Education Cities," concentrating on education as their central theme. Employing qualitative techniques, this article aims to describe, define, and conceptualize this phenomenon as it is being realized in three such cities. Findings show that Education Cities differ from…

  6. Image city

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2003-01-01

    Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities.......Image city exhibition explores a condition of mediation, through a focus on image and sound narratives with a point of departure on a number of Asian cities....

  7. Pollution Characteristics of Heavy Metals in Vegetable Garden Soils on the Roof of Buildings in the Old District of Wanzhou City%万州老城区楼顶菜地土壤重金属污染特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林俊杰; 王云智; 陈国祥; 付川; 李廷真; 来守军

    2011-01-01

    Spatial variation characteristics of heavy metals including Cr, Cd, Cu, Ni and Mn in vegetable garden soils on the roofs of buildings in the old district of Wanzhou city were studied using the ArcGIS geostatistical analytical module. The geo-accumulation index method was used to assess the heavy metal pollution status. Results showed that among the five elements ,ω(Cu) ,ω(Ni) and ω(Mn) were medium in variation intensity,while ω(Cr) and ω(Cd) had a big spans of variation,which suggested the sources of heavy metals in the vegetable garden soils were significantly affected by outside interference with a large spatial variability. In the spatial distribution, all of the five metals had the same hotspot A, which was located in the northwest of the study area. The concentrations of Cr,Ni and Mn showed some overlapped areas in another hotspot which was located in the midwest of the study area,indicating there may be some combined pollution. Correlative analysis also gave the same result. According to the results of the geoaccumulation index assessment,the soils were seriously polluted by Cd,slightly polluted by Cr,and unpolluted by Cu,Ni and Mn.%为研究万州老城区菜地土壤重金属污染状况,运用ArcGIS地统计分析模块分析了万州老城区楼顶菜地中5种重金属元素Cr,Cd,Cu,Ni和Mn的空间分布特征,并采用地累积指数法评价了楼顶菜地土壤中重金属的污染状况.结果表明:w(Cu),w(Ni)和w(Mn)属于中等变异,w(Cr)和w(Cd)属于强变异,说明楼顶菜地重金属的来源受外界干扰明显,空间变异较大;在空间分布上,这5种重金属存在一个相同的高值区A,位于研究区西北部;w(Cr),w(Ni)和w(Mn)另一高值区在研究区中西部部分重合,表明Cr,Ni和Mn元素之间可能存在一定的复合污染,与相关性分析的结果一致;根据地累积指数法评价结果,万州老城区楼顶菜地土壤Cd为重度污染,Cr为轻度污染,Cu,Ni和Mn未受污染.

  8. Risk factors inducing children bronchial asthma in Bao'an District of Shenzhen City%深圳市宝安区儿童支气管哮喘发病的危险因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓娟; 吴智娟; 钟文明

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] To learn the risk factors of bronchial asthma of children in Baoan District of Shenzhen City,and provide basis for early intervening and treating bronchial asthma.[Methods] With case-control study method,a total of 108 cases of children bronchial asthma as case group and 110 cases of non-bronchial asthma as control group.These cases were investigated with self-designed questionnaire,then used single factor analysis and multiple factors analysis method to screen the risk factors.[Results] The study results showed that the risk factors of children bronchial asthma included hypersensitiveness history (OR =2.646),family asthma history (OR =5.155),repeated respiratory infection history (OR =4.116),smoking history of parents (OR =3.028),bad habitation environment (OR =2.123),contacting allergens (OR =4.509),but usually airing quilt (OR =O.500) was the protective factor.[Conclusion] Children bronchial asthma is closely related with hereditary factors,host factors and environmental factors,so it is very important to prevent and intervene children bronchial asthma with high risk factors.%目的 了解深圳市宝安区儿童支气管哮喘(哮喘)发病的危险因素,为早期预防和治疗提供依据.方法 采用病例对照的研究方法,将确诊的108例儿童哮喘病例作为病例组,同时收集110例非支气管哮喘患儿作为对照组;对病例组和对照组进行问卷调查,采用单因素和多因素分析研究儿童哮喘发病的危险因素.结果 研究结果显示,患儿过敏史(OR=2.646)、父母哮喘史(OR=5.155)、呼吸道反复感染史(OR =4.116)、父母吸烟史(OR=3.028)、居住环境差(OR =2.123)、接触过敏原(OR =4.509)为危险因素,而经常晾晒被辱(OR=0.500)为保护因素.结论 儿童支气管哮喘发病与遗传因素、宿主因素、环境因素等密切相关,应针对高危因素和高危人群进行重点预防和干预.

  9. 北京市丰台区直接入口食品中食源性致病菌的污染状况%Contamination of Foodborne Pathogens in Directly Edible Food in Fengtai District of Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    封会茹; 董晓根; 余红; 赵伟

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the contamination status of foodborne pathogens in 1 1 kinds of directly edible food in Fengtai District of BeijingCity.[Methods]Eleven kinds of food samples from 11 kinds of restaurants were tested according to GB/T 4789 -2003 and WS/T 9 - 1996.[Results]A total of 117 strains of Proteus, 22 strains of EPEC, 3 strains of Listeria monocytogenes, 2 strains ofVibrio parahaemolyticus and 1 strain of Staphylococcus aureus were isolated from food samples and the positive rate was 10.47%, 1.97%, 0.28%, 1.16%, 0.08%, 0.08% respectively.Salmonella, Shigella and EHEC O157H7/NM were not isolated from all kinds of food samples.The positive rate in summer and autumn was higher than that in winter.The detection rate of foodborne pathogens was highest in cooked meet and salad.[Conclusion]The contamination of foodbome pathogens in food edible directly was serious.The serious contaminated season is summer and autumn, the major contaminated food is cooked meet and salad.%目的 了解北京市丰台区ll类直接入口食品中食源性致病菌的污染状况.方法 对丰台区11类餐饮业11种直接入口食品进行了调查,检测方法按照GB/T 4789-2003和WS/T 9-1996进行.结果 调查中共检出变形杆菌117株、致病性大肠埃希菌(EPEC)22株、单核细胞增生性李斯特菌3株、副溶血性弧菌2株、金黄色葡萄球菌1株、蜡样芽孢杆菌计数>l05/g检出1份,检出率分别为10.47%、1.97%、0.28%、1.16%、0.08%、0.08%.未检出沙门菌、志贺菌和出血性大肠埃希菌(EHEC O157H7/NM);夏秋季检出率高于冬季;熟肉制品及凉拌菜中食源性致病菌检出率较高.结论 直接入口食品中致病菌的污染比较严重,夏秋季严重,熟肉制品及凉拌菜中检出率高.

  10. Health risk assessment of organophosphorus pesticides in the drinking water in the rural district of Wuhan City%武汉市农村饮用水有机磷农药风险影响评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘俊玲; 潘锋; 刘正丹; 张启生

    2013-01-01

    目的 对武汉市农村饮用水有机磷农药含量进行调查,为进一步制定水源防护措施和农村改水措施提供科学依据.方法 用GC-MS测定饮用水中各种有机磷农药含量,并运用化学污染物风险评价公式进行风险概率评价.结果 所有水样均未检出乙酰甲胺磷、甲胺磷、水胺硫磷、乐果、敌敌畏、甲基对硫磷、内吸磷和久效磷,部分水样检出了三唑磷、对硫磷、马拉硫磷、杀螟松,这4种农药的均值分别为172 ng/L、9.3 ng/L、168 ng/L、34 ng/L,对饮用者所致健康危害的个人年风险在6.9×10-12~7.7×10-1o之间.结论 有机磷农药通过饮水途径对饮用者所致健康危害的个人年风险远远低于国际辐射防护委员会(ICRP)推荐的最大可接受风险水平,初步认为目前武汉市饮用水中有机磷农药不会对人体产生明显的健康危害.%OBJECTIVE To investigate the content of organophosphrus pesticides in the drinking water in the rural district of Wuhan City and to provide scientific bases for the further water renovation and building in new countryside. METHODS The content of organophosphrus pesticides in the drinking water were determined by GC-MS. With the data detected, a preliminary risk assessment had been done by using the formula of risk assessment of chemical contamination. RESULTS Acephate, meththamidophos, isocarbophos, dimethoate, dichlorvos, parathion methyl, demeton and monocrotophos were not detected in all samples. Triehlorfon, parathion, malathion and fenitrothion were detected in some samples. The means of four detected organophosphrus pesticides respectively were 172 ng/L, 9.3 ng/L, 168 ng/L and 34 ng/L. The health risk of four detected organophosphrus pesticides to the individual person per year was between 6.9xl0-12 and 7.7x10-10. CONCLUSION The health risk of organophosphrus pesticides to the individual person per year is far below maximum acceptable standard by ICRP through drinking water

  11. 2010年某区城乡居民膳食营养状况的分析%Contamination of Foodborne Pathogens in Directly Edible Food in Fengtai District of A City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯月明; 肖贵勇; 王佳佳; 安军静

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解北京市丰台区居民膳食营养状况,为开展营养改善和合理膳食指导工作提供科学依据。方法采用多阶段分层整群随机抽样的方法,2010年8月至2010年10月在丰台区抽取6个居委会180户居民共计595人,采用连续3天24小时膳食回顾法与调味品称重法相结合的方法进行膳食调查。计算每标准人日营养素摄入量,并与2002年的营养调查资料进行比较分析。结果2010年北京市丰台区居民蛋白质、脂肪、碳水化合物的供能比分别为12.7%,35.4%,51.9%,膳食结构不尽合理;居民每标准人日能量、蛋白质、脂肪摄入量分别为1954.4kcal、61.7g、77.4g,维生素A、硫胺素、核黄素、烟酸、维生素C、维生素E摄入量分别为415.3μgRE、0.8mg、0.8mg、12.8mg、74.3mg和31.5mg,钠、钙、铁和锌摄入量分别为5576.7、409.6、22.1和9.7mg;除维生素E、钠和铁的摄入量达到或超过RNI/AI推荐水平外,其他营养素摄入量均低于推荐水平。膳食营养素摄入状况较2002年有降低趋势。结论丰台区居民宏量营养素供能比例不合理,绝大部分维生素、矿物质摄入不足,应制定相应的干预措施,控制和预防营养相关疾病的发生。%Objective To study the status of diet and nourishment pattern among residents in fengtai District of Beijing City and provide scientiifc evidence for nutrition improvement and reasonable dietary guidance.Methods Total of 595 residents of 6 committees 180 households in Fengtai District of Beijing were interviewed during August 2010 to October, and a multi-stage cluster sampling strategy was used. A 24 -hour dietary recall method with condiments weighing method were chosen to collect all food intake information for 3 consecutive days. Calculate each standard man-day nutrition intake. The data were compared to the previous nutrition surveys done in 2002.Results The percentage of calories was 12.7% from

  12. Investigation on health related behaviors among adolescents in Liwan District, Guangzhou City%广州市荔湾区青少年健康相关行为现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘淑贤; 张万方

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand current situation of adolescents' health-risky behaviors in Liwan District, Guangzhou City, to provide evidence for school' s health education and decision-making. Methods In November 2008, with the logic of stratified cluster sampling, we randomly selected students from 5 middle and high schools of Liwan for collective survey, by applying " China youth health-related behavior survey questionnaire" provided by China Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Results Totally 664 students were investigated (311 male, 353 female; 274 middle school students, 390 high school students) . In the past 7 days, 74. 8% (497/664) of students ate breakfast daily; 30. 1% (200/664) had the phenomenon of diet favoritism; 32. 1% (213/664) had self-opinion of overweight; 31.5% (209/664) kept diet or rejected meat food for weight control. The rates were averagely greater in girls than those in boys (P 1 h was 3. 6 days. In the past one month, 56. 3% (374/664) of the students had the behavior of walking in violation of pedestrian traffic regulations. In the past 12 months, 8.6% (57/664) of students had intended on self injuries; 13. 1% (87/664) of students had tendency of suicide; 22. 3% ( 148/664) students had history of cigarette smoking and 61. 6% (409/664) had alcohol consuming experience. In the past 7 days,43. 8% (291/664) of students play computer > 2 h / d ;20.0% (133/664) of students play video games > 4h/d;19.9% of students have gambling experience. In the past 12 months, 14. 3% (95/664) of the students had read books or multimedia products with pornographic contents, The average percentages of the risk behaviors above were higher in high school than that in middle school, and higher in boy students than that in girl students (all P < 0.01). Conclusion Health risk behavior issue was widespread and prominent among adolescents in Li-wan District. It is necessary to launch corresponding health-promoted activities by training and coaching on life skills

  13. Hamilton : the electric city

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The City of Hamilton has launched an extensive energy planning exercise that examines the possibility of steep increases in oil and natural gas prices. This report examined and illustrated the issue of oil and gas price points. The report also examined and presented the city's role in an era of energy constraints, focusing on the city's transit system and its vehicle fleet. In addition, in response to City Council's direction, the report presented the aerotropolis proposal and discussed freight transport issues. Specific topics of discussion included oil and natural gas prospects; prospects for high oil and natural gas prices; impacts of fuel price increases; strategic planning objectives for energy constraints; reducing energy use by Hamilton's transport and in buildings; and land-use planning for energy constraints. Energy production opportunities involve the use of solar energy; wind energy; deep lake water cooling (DLWC); hydro-electric power; energy from waste; biogas production; district energy; and local food production. Economic and social development through preparing for energy constraints and matters raised by city council were also presented. The report also demonstrated how an energy-based strategy could be paid for and its components approved. The next steps for Hamilton were also identified. refs., tabs., figs

  14. Haidian District:Beijing’s ‘Smart Reservoir’

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Located in the northwest of Beijing,Haidian District has residents from all 56 ethnic groups in China, making it the most ethnically diverse area of Beijing. In June 1954, Haidian, the name of an administrative district, officially appeared on the map. Over the last 20 years, the area has developed from an outskirt of the city into a modern district with science and technology,educa- tion and culture as its core industries. Zhongguancun is a very famous place in Haidian District,which is renowned as the"Silicon

  15. Expansion of district heating in Munich; Fernwaermeausbau in Muenchen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prein, Thomas [SWM Services GmbH, Muenchen (Germany)

    2012-07-01

    For some time the population of Munich (Federal Republic of Germany) is growing. However, the residential areas within the existing boundaries of the city is limited. The demand for living area is very high and results in a compact building construction. In the western region of Munich the new district Freiham is developed for about 20,000 people, commerce and trade. The public utility Munich have decided to realize the heat supply of this new district by means of district heating. This requires not only a new district heating network, but also a new power plant.

  16. Investigation and analysis of reasons for the dentition deficiency among 65~74 years old people in Wuhai city Wuda District%乌海市乌达区65~74岁老年人牙列缺失情况的调查及原因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿庆华

    2014-01-01

    To investigate the dentition deficiency of 65~74 years old people in Wuda District of Wuhai City, provide the basis for the region to carry out health care for elderly people. Methods: according to the sample survey of the third national oral health epidemiological criteria, three communities in Wuda District of Wuhai city, 289 elderly people aged 65~74 conducted a sample survey of medical history inquiry and oral examination. Results: 65~74 year old elderly edentulous rate was 94.5%, only 5.5% of the elderly without missing dentition, teeth loss rate had no significant difference (P>0.05) between men and women. Conclusion: 65~74 years old people live in Wuhai city Wuda District edentulous situation is not optimistic, we should strengthen the oral health education, improve the awareness of oral health care of the elderly.%目的:了解乌海市乌达区65~74岁老年人群牙列缺失状况,为本地区开展老年口腔卫生保健工作提供依据。方法按照第三次全国口腔健康流行病学抽样调查的标准,对乌海市乌达区三个社区的的289名65~74岁的老年人进行抽样调查进行病史问询和口腔检查。结果65~74岁老年人牙列缺失率为94.5%,仅有5.5%的老年人没有牙列缺失,牙列缺失率在男女间无显著性差异(P>0.05)。结论乌海市乌达区65~74岁老年人的牙列缺失状况不容乐观,我们应当加强口腔卫生宣教,提高老年人的口腔保健意识。

  17. CITY IMAGE AND URBAN IDENTITY AS A PREREQUISITE FOR CITY DEVELOPMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Kotāne, Inta

    2010-01-01

    City environment or urban environment is a complex social, economic and biophysical system, which emerged as a result of the human-nature interaction. Urban development issues, the city image and urban identity exploration in Latvia have become a key subject in times of economic globalisation as well as determination of city and district development direction and priorities for urban development programs is also the reason for such an interest. The article deals with the research on the theor...

  18. Beer City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Shandong Province’s Qingdao is becoming China’s great beer city sicenically located on a peninsula over-looking the Pacific Ocean, Qingdao, |or Tsingtao, is a coastal city soaked in two kinds of foam. One floats in

  19. Ideal Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Meitner, Erika

    2012-01-01

    Erika Meitner discusses her new book: Ideal Cities. This collection of autobiographical narrative and lyric poems explores the relationship between body and place—specifically the pleasures and dangers of women’s corporeal experiences. Ideal Cities is guided by an epigraph from Song of Songs, and the metaphorical idea of bodies as cities, and cities as bodies. How do women’s bodies become sites of inscription via sex, childbirth, and other highly physical acts? These poems also investigate ur...

  20. Sin City?

    OpenAIRE

    Gautier, Pieter A; Svarer, Michael; Teulings, Coen N.

    2007-01-01

    Is moving to the countryside a credible commitment device for couples? Weinvestigate whether lowering the arrival rate of potential alternative partners bymoving to a less populated area lowers the dissolution risk for a sample of Danishcouples. We find that of the couples who married in the city, the ones who stay inthe city have significant higher divorce rates. Similarly, for the couples who marriedoutside the city, the ones who move to the city are more likely to divorce. Thiscorrelation ...

  1. Fire and EMS Districts, This data is being developed as a joint venture between the City of Yuma, Yuma County and all other municipalities within Yuma County, Published in 2010, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, City of Yuma.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Fire and EMS Districts dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2010. It is described as 'This...

  2. 南宁市江南区流动儿童的保健状况%Status of health care among floating children in Jiangnan District of Nanning City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦雪香

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective] To understand the status of health care among floating children in jiangnan District of Nanning City, find out the problems, and provide a scientific basis for improvement of health care among floating children. [Methods] By using cluster sampling, 835 three year-old floating children were selected from children who received the health examination in Child Health Clinic of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from January 2009 to December 2011. According to 1 : 1 matching principle, 835 three year-old local children were randomly sampled. The data of system management of two groups were collected from the Childrens health information platform, and the status of physical development and nutrition-related diseases were analyzed. [ResultsjThe rate of system management in floating children and local children was 48. 1% and 92. 0% respectively, and the . difference was statistically significant (P<0. 01). The incidence rates of low body weight and growth retardation in floating children were significantly higher than those in local children (P<0. 05). The incidence rates of nutritional anemia and rickets in floating children were significantly higher than those in local children (P<0. 01. P<0. 05). [ Conclusion]The status of health care among floating children is not good. It is important to energetically develop health education among floating population, strengthen the children health care, improve the current management mode of health care, so as to provide equal health care services for floating children, which are the important measures of improvement of health care in floating children.%目的 了解南宁市江南区流动人口儿童的卫生保健状况,找出存在的问题,为改善流动人口中的儿童保健提供科学依据.方法 2009年1月-2011年12月来广西医科大学第三附属医院儿保门诊健康检查的满3周岁的儿童,采用整群抽样的方法抽出所有满3周岁的流动儿童835人

  3. 2008-2012年深圳市宝安区其他感染性腹泻流行病学特征%Epidemiological Characteristics of Infectious diarrhea other than CDTP in Baoan District of Shenzhen City from 2008-2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周小涛; 熊田甜; 朱奕; 马智超; 陈兵; 吴泰顺

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解深圳市宝安区2008-2012年其他感染性腹泻流行病学概况,探讨宝安区其他感染性腹泻防制策略.方法 收集深圳市宝安区2008-2012年疫情网络上报的所有其他感染性腹泻病例和期间的暴发疫情,进行描述性分析.结果 2008-2012年深圳市宝安区共报告其他感染性腹泻病例49 709例,年发病人数的范围为7 296~12 913人,发病呈上升趋势.发病时间主要集中在10、11、12月份;在儿童患者中,主要以散居儿童为主,各年所占比例均达到87%以上;成人患者主要以工人为主,各年所占比例均在65%左右;发病率最高的是石岩街道(254.92/10万);实验室诊断病例占总报告病例数的96.3%,轮状病毒感染病例在实验室诊断病例中占96.99%;引起该地较大暴发疫情的是诺如病毒感染性腹泻.结论 深圳市宝安区其他感染性腹泻发病主要以5岁以下儿童为主(尤其是散居儿童),秋冬季是其发病高峰,轮状病毒是该病的主要病原体.%[Objective] To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of infectious diarrhea other than cholera,dysentery,typhoid and paratyphoid (CDTP) in Baoan District of Shenzhen City from 2008-2012,explore relative measures for preventing and controlling infectious diarrhea other than CDTP.[Methods] All cases and outbreaks of infectious diarrhea other than CDTP occurred in Baoan District from 2008 to 2012 reported by epidemic network report system were collected,and then analyzed by a descriptive research method.[Results]49 546 cases of infectious diarrhea other than CDTP were reported in Baoan District of Shenzhen City during the period of 2008-2012,the annual case number ranged from 7 296 to 12 916,and the incidence rate showed a rising trend.The peak season was October to December.The proportions of scattered children in children cases of each year were all more than 87%,and the workers accounted for about 65% of adult cases of each year

  4. City PLANTastic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    , any attempt to create a green city is motivated by certain ecological, political and esthetical perspectives. Therefore the role of plants in tomorrows cities is everything but straightforward. Rather, a broad range of possibilities unfolds. City PLANTastic is the title of the 8th World in Denmark...... urbanism, who reflect upon the multiple roles of plants in the future city through their most recent projects. The theme for the 2012 World in Denmark conference is City PLANTastic, which will also be explored by researchers through their works....

  5. The Wancheng City and Countryside Integrated Construction under the Background of Removing County to District%撤县改区背景下望城的城乡一体化建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周勇

    2012-01-01

    近年来我国"撤县(市)设区"行政区划调整越来越多。其主要目的是促进中心城市规模,理顺中心城市与周边县市之间的关系。然而,调整也带来了许多消极影响。望城县撤县改区后,正式成为长沙市的第六区,机遇与挑战并存,作者认为,需要从基础设施建设、政策对接、资源优势挖潜及建立科学、合理的城市协调发展机制,加强区域规划的编制和实施等方面,处理好新形势下望城区的城乡一体化建设。%In recent years our country design the county to city area more and more .Its main purpose is promotes the key city scale, the straightening out key city and between the peripheral county city relations.However, the adjustment has also brought many negative effects.After Wangcheng County removes the county to change the area, becomes Changsha's sixth area officially, the opportunity and challenge coexisting, the author believed, needs from the infrastructure construction, policy docking, resources superiority tapping latent potentialities and the establishment scientific, the reasonable city coordinated development mechanism, strengthens aspects and so on regional planning establishment and implementation, processes under the good new situation the Wangcheng area city and countryside integration construction.

  6. Mercury concentration and its distribution in Nycticorax nycticorax and Chinese Ardeola bacchus fledglings at Huangpu District of Guangzhou City, China%广州黄埔区夜鹭和池鹭体内汞浓度和分布特性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹发生; 杨琼芳; 李艳红; 崔昆燕

    2005-01-01

    In this study, live fledglings of Nycticorar nycticorax and Ardeola bacchus at the Huangpu District of Guangzhou City were collected, and their primary feather, breast feather, tail feather, liver, chest muscle and egg shell were sampled for mercury determination. The results showed that these two heron species had a very similar distribution pattern of mercury concentration in their tissues and organs, i. e., tail feather > breast and primary feather> liver > chest muscle > egg shell. Ardeola bacchus had higher levels of mercury in all its tissues than Nycticorax nycticorax. There were significant interspeeifie differences in mercury level for breast feather and primary feather. Because the collection of breast feather is easier and not harmful to birds, it is better to use it rather than primary or tail feather to monitor environmental pollution. The mercury level in breast feather was ten times higher than that in liver, lower than that in tail feather, but not significantly different to that in primary feather.The mercury concentrations in the tissues of Nycticorax nycticorax and Ardeola bacchus from Huangpu District of Guangzhou were similar to those from the suburbs of Chengdu, Siehuan Province, but lower than those from Taihu Lake, Jiangsu Province and higher than those from Hong Kong.

  7. R9 Air Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Region 9 Air Districts layer is a compilation of polygons representing the California Air Pollution Control and Air Quality Management Districts, Arizona Air...

  8. California Political Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — This is a series of district layers pertaining to California'spolitical districts, that are derived from the California State Senateand State Assembly information....

  9. State Water Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — State Water Project District boundaries are areas where state contracts provide water to the district in California. This database is designed as a regions polygon...

  10. Legislative Districts - 1990

    Data.gov (United States)

    Kansas Data Access and Support Center — Each coverage contains a COVER-ID field that defines the House or Senate district number. Kansas House and Senate districts were created by the Legislative Research...

  11. Texas Disaster Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — A polygon shapefile of the 24 Disaster Districts in Texas. Disaster districts are emergency operation areas created by Executive Order from the Governor's Office....

  12. Private Water Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    California Department of Resources — Private Water District boundaries are areas where private contracts provide water to the district in California. This database is designed as a regions polygon...

  13. National Register Historic Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Iowa State University GIS Support and Research Facility — The National Register Historic District layer is a shape file showing the boundaries of Historic Districts that are listed on the National Register of Historic...

  14. Continuous Logit Polycentric City Model

    OpenAIRE

    Wrede, Matthias

    2014-01-01

    This paper analyzes a closed, essentially linear polycentric city with homogenous households who probabilistically select their workplace and residence locations. The study utilizes a continuous logit model to describe household location choices. In contrast to the classic urban model with deterministic location choices, the continuous logit model predicts noticeable direct effects of more than one workplace on land rents, asymmetry of the land rent schedule around secondary business district...

  15. INSTANT CITY

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marling, Gitte; Kiib, Hans

    2013-01-01

    This article analyses Roskilde Festival as an Instant City. For more than 40 years, Roskilde Festival has had many thousands participants for a weeklong festival on music, performances and cultural experiences in a layout designed as an urban environment. During the last ten years, in- creasing...... emphasis has been laid on creating a vivid, and engaging social environment in order to create a lab for social, and architectural experi- ments. These goals challenge the city planning as well as the urban sce- nography. The article addresses the research questions: What kind of city life and social...... of an experimental and social en- gaged city environment? The analysis shows that the specific city life at the instant city, Roskilde Festival, can be characterized by being ‘open minded’, ‘playful’ and ‘inclusive’, but also by ‘a culture of laughter’ that penetrates the aesthetics and the urban...

  16. Analysis on death causes of children under 5 years old in Chengguan district of Lanzhou city from 2005 to 2010%2005~2010年兰州市城关区5岁以下儿童死因分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马铭; 张淑文; 胡晓婷; 李坚

    2013-01-01

    目的:分析兰州市城关区2005~2010年5岁以下儿童死亡情况及主要死亡原因,为降低兰州市5岁以下儿童死亡率提供依据.方法:按照《中国5岁以下儿童死亡监测方案》,对2005~2010年兰州市城关区447例5岁以下儿童死亡情况进行分析.结果:2005年~2010年兰州市城关区活产数为55 868例,新生儿死亡356例,婴儿死亡408例,5岁以下儿童死亡447例,死亡率分别为6.37‰、7.30‰、8.00‰.5岁以下儿童死亡率呈下降趋势,死亡率最高和最低的年份分别为2007年和2010年.兰州市城关区5岁以下儿童死因顺位前三位依次是新生儿窒息、早产(低出生体重)、其他新生儿疾病.结论:城关区5岁以下儿童死亡仍以新生儿和婴儿死亡为主,积极做好孕期和儿童保健宣传工作,提高保健意识及质量,是降低新生儿和婴儿死亡率,最终减少5岁以下儿童死亡率的关键.%Objective: To analyze the death status and main death causes of children under five years old in Chengguan district of Lanzhou city from 2005 to 2010, and provide a basis for reducing mortality of children under five years old. Methods: According to China death monitoring program of children under five years, the death status of 447 children under five years old in Chengguan district of Lanzhou city from 2005 to 2010 was analyzed. Results: The number of live neonates in Chengguan district of Lanzhou city from 2005 to 2010 was 55 828, the number of neonatal death was 356, the number of infantile death was 408, the number of children death under five years old was 447, the mortalities were 6.37‰, 7.30‰, and 8.00‰,respectively. The mortality of children under five years old showed a decreasing trend, the mortality in 2007 was the highest, and the mortality in 2010 was the lowest. The top three causes of children death under five years old were neonatal asphyxia, premature birth (low birth weight) , and other neonatal diseases. Conclusion

  17. 北京市石景山区中学生吸烟行为流行现状及相关因素分析%Survey on the pevalence and the ifluencing fctors of crrent smoking among midlle school students in Shijingshan District of Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高荷蕊; 史平; 王丹

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand the prevalence and the influencing factors of smoking among middle school students in Shijingshan District of Beijing City, and to provide bases for smoking cessation programs among students. Methods 1252 students were investigated by using " Health-related Risk Behaviors Inventory for Chinese Adolescents" , with a cluster random sample from 6 middle schools by typical sampling technology in Shijingshan District The prevalence of smoking was described and related factors were assessed by single factor analysis and non-conditional logistic regression analysis. Results Among the middle school students in Shijingshan District of Beijing City, smoking rate was 9. 71%. Logistic regression analysis indicated that the influencing factors of smoking were sex, age, maternal education background, learning achievement, the time of playing video games over 4 hours a day, fighting, heavy alcohol consumption, et aL Conclusion The smoking rate among the middle school students in Shijingshan District of Beijing City is lower than nationwide adolescents' in 2005 and themselves' in 2002, but is still higher than that of other domestic reportages. So the smoking among middle school students should be emphasized, and early scientific and sound measures should be taken to prevent smoking. Especially, the influencing factors of smoking among middle school students should be intervened weightily.%目的 了解北京市石景山区中学生的吸烟行为流行状况及其相关因素,为在中学生中开展控烟干预活动提供依据.方法 采用典型抽样方法,抽取石景山区6所中学,各学校再以班级为单位进行整群随机抽样,抽取若干班级,对所抽取班级的全体学生共计1252人进行调查.描述中学生的吸烟行为流行状况,采用单因素和非条件Logistic回归分析进行相关因素分析.结果 北京市石景山区中学生吸烟率为9.71%.Logistic回归分析显示影响中学生吸烟行为的因素有性

  18. District nursing in Dominica

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolkman, PME; Luteijn, AJ; Nasiiro, RS; Bruney, [No Value; Smith, RJA; Meyboom-de Jong, B

    1998-01-01

    District nurses constitute the basis of the primary health care services in Dominica. All encounters of three district nurses were registered using the international classification of primary care. Information on other aspects of district nursing was collected by participating observation and the us

  19. District nurse training

    OpenAIRE

    Elliott, Arnold; Freeling, Paul; Owen, John

    1980-01-01

    Training for district nursing is being reviewed. By 1981 district nurses will have a new administrative structure, a new curriculum, and a new examination. Training for nursing, like that for general practice, is to become mandatory. The history of the development of district nurse training is briefly described.

  20. Limerick City

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Postcard. Colour photograph of River Shannon with Limerick City in background. Number 2/LK-018. Printed on reverse "Limerick city, where the Shannon river meets the sea is one of the most progressive of Irish cities, where the past and present mingle pleasantly. That part of the city called Newtown Pery was designed and planned in 1767, and is the Limerick of wide streets crossing at right angles, and the pleasantly tree-sprinkled People's Park. The tall column in the park commemorates Thomas...

  1. An Analysis on the Innovation of Volunteer Recruitment for City Volunteer Station--A Study Based on the Case of Guangzhou Yuexiu District Volunteer Coaching%城市志愿服务站点招募工作的创新分析--以广州市越秀区志愿驿站为案例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵振刚

    2013-01-01

      在我国近年来举办的一些大型赛会活动过程中,诞生了城市志愿服务站点这一志愿服务形式和载体,在赛会结束之后面临着成果转化和后续发展的问题.2010年亚运会结束后,广州市将站点更名为志愿驿站并常态化运行,其中越秀区在志愿者招募工作上进行积极创新,其经验值得深入调研、分析和总结推广.此外,可以通过城市志愿服务站点招募工作,构建学生志愿服务生涯对接平台和机制,使志愿组织实现人力资源的持续发展.%In the process of organizing some large-scale tournament activities in China in recent years, the city volunteer station as a new form and carrier of voluntary was born, which faced the problem of achievement Transformation and subsequent development after the end of tournaments. After the 2010 Asian Games, Guangzhou renames city volunteer station as volunteer coaching and normalization operation. Yuexiu District has actively innovatived in volunteer recruitment, which experience worthy of in-depth research, analyze and summarize the promotion. Besides, with the volunteer recruitment of city volunteer station, we can construction docking platform and mechanism for student volunteer service career, and make voluntary organizations to achieve the sustained development of human resources.

  2. District heating to replace an electrical installation

    OpenAIRE

    Serra Ramon, Maria Lourdes; Montañés Asenjo, Alba

    2008-01-01

    This project has been developed at the company Gavlegardarna. The company owns a large part of the buildings of Gävle and two of them are the objective of the project. Gavlegardana is highly concerned about the environment; for this reason, they cooperate on the subject with the energy management from their technical department. Gävle is one of the Swedish cities where the DH (district heating) network is distributed, arriving to most of the dwellings, industries and commerc...

  3. SURVEY ON MEDICAL SEWAGE DISPOSAL IN CERTAIN DISTRICT OF SHANGHAI CITY%上海市某区医疗机构污水处理现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李伟霞; 申惠国; 席韵

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the status and quality monitoring of medical sewage disposal in certain district of Shanghai. Methods On - site and material investigation were used to study the status of sewage disinfection in 29 medical institutions in certain district of Shanghai. Results 29 medical institutions included 2 private hospitals without sewage disposal facilities, 7 medical institutions with sewage disposal facilities but without hygiene license documents. 29 medical institutions all used chlorine - containing disinfectants for sewage disinfection, 19 of which throwed disinfectants artificially. The qualified rate of sewage disinfection in 29 medical institutions was only 58. 62%. Conclusion The sewage disinfection facilities of some medical institutions in certain district of Shanghai are quite outdated, and the qualified rate of sewage disinfection is low. So it is necessary to strengthen the maintaining and updating of sewage disposal facilities.%目的 了解上海市某区医疗机构的污水处理现状及监测质量.方法 采取现场调查与资料调查的方法,对上海市某区29家医疗机构的污水消毒情况进行了调查.结果 29家医疗机构污水均采用集中式处理,其中2家民营医院无污水处理设备,7家医疗机构的污水处理设备无卫生许可批件.29家医疗机构均使用含氯消毒剂进行污水消毒,其中19家采用人工投氯.所调查的29家医院的污水检测合格率仅为58.62%.结论 上海市某区部分医疗机构的污水消毒设施较为陈旧,污水处理质量合格率较低,应加强污水处理设备保养维护与更新.

  4. Analysis on Epidemiology of Measles in Hebei District, Tianjin City from 2004 to 2011%2004-2011年天津市河北区麻疹流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李薇; 王梅

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解河北区近年来麻疹流行病学特征,探讨控制麻疹的策略与措施.方法 采用描述性流行病学方法对2004-2011年河北区麻疹发病情况进行分析.结果 河北区2004-2011年麻疹发病呈散发的流行病学特点.2-5月是麻疹的高发季节.<8月龄和≥15岁麻疹病例数为353例,占全区报告发病总数的84.86%.结论 保持儿童麻疹疫苗及时有效的高水平的基础免疫,加强麻疹疫苗的复种工作,适时开展强化免疫,建立牢固的免疫屏障.同时,加强流动人口管理,提高流动儿童接种率.%Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics ot measles in Hebei District,Tianjin,and to explore the strategies and measures for controlling measles.Methods The data of measles in Hebei District during the period of 2004-2011 were analyzed by descriptive epidemiological methods.Results Measles eases occurred in a sporadic pattern in Hebei District during the period of 2004-2011.Measles mainly occurred during February to May.353 measles cases occurred in children aged < 8monthsand≥ 15 years,accounting for 84.86 % of the total cases.Conclusions Toprevent the spread of measles cases,it is important to maintain high level of measles immunization in children,strengthen measles revaccination,carry out supplementary immunization campaigns timely,and build a strong immune barrier.At the same time,it is necessary to strengthen floating population management and improve the vaccination rate among floating children.

  5. 杭州市西湖区2次人体重要寄生虫病调查%Two surveys of human important parasitic diseases in Xihu District,Hangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章华米; 金国农; 王帮马

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解杭州市西湖区人体重要寄生虫感染状况和流行规律,综合评价寄生虫病防治效果.方法 按照规定的方法和要求进行.结果 2003年查出虫种4种,总感染率为7.81%,钩虫、蛔虫、鞭虫、蛲虫感染率分别为5.61%、0.13%、1.83%、4.43%;2009年查出虫种4种,总感染率为2.07%,钩虫感染率为1.87%,蛔虫、鞭虫、蛲虫感染率均为0.10%.低年龄和中老年组是感染寄生虫的高危人群.结论 杭州市西湖区人体寄生虫总感染率和各虫种感染率均大幅度下降,钩虫是西湖区人体寄生虫主要感染虫种.%Objective To understand the status and epidemic rules of human important parasite infections, and evaluate the control effect in Xihu District, so as to provide evidence for improving future parasitic disease control. Methods Two surveys were performed in 2003 and 2009 in accordance with The Regulations of National Survey of the Distribution of Human Parasites, respectively. Results Four kinds of parasites were identified in 2003. The total infection rate was 7.81%, and the infection rates of hookworm, Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, and Enterobius vermicularis were 5.61%, 0. 13%, 1.83% and 4.43%, respectively. In 2009, the total rate was 2.07% and the infection rate of hookworm was 1.87%, while the infection rates ofAscaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and Enterobius vermicularis were all 0. 10%. The high-risk groups were the low age group and middle-aged group. Conclusion The total infection rate of human parasites and each parasite infection rate in Xihu District have declined significantly, and hookworm is the main kind of human parasite in the district.

  6. Features Analysis of 62 Years Drought and Flood based on Z Index in Songshan District in Chifeng City%基于Z指数的赤峰市松山区62 a旱涝特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙号茗

    2015-01-01

    根据1951—2012年赤峰松山区降水资料,利用Z指标方法确定松山区的旱涝年份,并从季节上进行旱涝分析。结果表明,松山区逐年降水量呈缓慢下降趋势;发生旱灾有16 a,涝灾有13 a,出现旱涝灾害的概率为46.78%,且有连年发生的情况;各季节降水量的变化趋势也不一致,春夏季节呈上升趋势,秋冬季节呈下降趋势,四季节发生旱涝灾害的概率约占35%左右。%The article is based on the rainfall data in 1951—2012 in Songshan district in Chifeng, used the method of Z index to determine the drought and flood year, and did the analysis from the aspect of seasons. The result shows that the rainfall is gradually declining year by year in Songshan district; there are 16 drought years, 13 flood years, the drought and flood rate is 46.78%, and occasionally have successive years for the situation; the variation trend of the rainfall in various seasons is not consistent, it is upward trend in spring and summer, downward trend in autumn and winter, the drought and flood rate in the four seasons is about 35%.

  7. Managing for Results in America's Great City Schools. A Report of the Performance Measurement and Benchmarking Project, Spring 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Council of the Great City Schools, 2008

    2008-01-01

    This report describes statistical indicators developed by the Council of the Great City Schools and its member districts to measure big-city school performance on a range of operational functions in business, finance, human resources and technology. The report also presents data city-by-city on those indicators. This is the second time that…

  8. Managing for Results in America's Great City Schools. A Report of the Performance Measurement and Benchmarking Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Council of the Great City Schools, 2008

    2008-01-01

    This report describes statistical indicators developed by the Council of the Great City Schools and its member districts to measure big-city school performance on a range of operational functions in business, finance, human resources and technology. The report also presents data city-by-city on those indicators. This is the second time that…

  9. 包头市九原区>60岁老年人300例体重指数的研究%Study on body mass index of 300 old people over 60 years in Jiuyuan District of Baotou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王守忠; 周娜

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the body mass index of old people over 60 years in Jiuyuan District of Baotou City,to analyze the distribution status of the aged BMI,and provide the measures of improvement for the cause,to maintain and improve old people's physique and health.Methods:By the method of cluster sampling,60 years old people with poor activity in Jiuyuan District were given the questionnaire survey and physical measurement.The contents of the questionnaire included gender,age,height,weight, occupation,cultural degree,nutrition knowledge,attitude,dietary behavior.Results:BMI of 47.33% elderly in Jiuyuan District was normal,and overweight and obesity reached 46.67%.In the various indicators,the number was much in overweight and obesity of age from 70 to 79 years old,non professional workers,education as the illiterate,nutrition index know little,incorrect nutrition attitude and irrational dietary behavior.Conclusion:The elderly overweight and obesity phenomenon is more serious in Jiuyuan District of Baotou City.%目的:了解包头市九原区>60岁老年人的体重指数(Body mass index,BMI)状况,分析老年人BMI的分布状况,进而针对所引起的原因提供改进措施,保持和提高老年人的体质健康。方法:通过整群抽样的方法对九原区>60岁行动方便的老年人进行详细问卷调查以及体格测量,问卷内容包括性别、年龄、身高、体重、文化程度、职业、营养知识、营养态度、膳食行为。结果:九原区老年人的BMI情况正常达47.33%,而超重与肥胖率也达46.67%。在各个指标中,年龄70~79岁、职业为非劳动者、学历为文盲、营养指数了解少、营养态度不端正、膳食行为不合理分别在超重与肥胖中所占比例较多。结论:包头市九原区老年人超重与肥胖现象比较严重。

  10. Epdemiological analysis on the data of measles and strategies for its control in Nan'an district of chongqing city during the period from 2004-2008%重庆市南岸区2004-2008年麻疹疫情流行病学分析和控制对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁红; 陶杨; 方勇

    2011-01-01

    目的:分析麻疹流行的特征和分布规律,为进一步控制和消除麻疹提供科学依据.方法:对2004-2008年麻疹监测资料进行描述性流行病学分析.结果:2004-2008年共报告506例麻疹病人,局部散在发病,全区各个乡镇和街道均有病例发生,病例分布存在明显的地区差异,病例发病集中在4-8月份,人群以散居儿童、学生和托幼儿童为主,占80.43%;发病年龄主要集中在5岁以下,占总发病人数的69.56%;未达麻疹疫苗初免接种年龄(8月龄)中的人群发病占总发病数的20.29%,已达初免年龄的发病人群中无免疫接种史者达35.20%.结论:南岸区麻疹近年来总发病率有所上升,主要是散在发病,需要进一步采取针对性有效措施,以达到有效控制和消除麻疹的目标.%Objective To analyze the epidemic characteristics and distribution of measles, and to provide scientific basis for further control and elimination of measles. Methods The surveillance data of measles during 2004-2008 in Nan'an district of Chongqing city were analyzed by descriptive epidemiological method. Results 506 measles patients were reported from 2004 to 2008. Cases were found from every town and street. There was geographical variation in the frequencies of measles among the different prefectures. More measles cases occurred from April to August. 80. 43% of measles cases were scattered living children, students and preschool children, and the cases were mainly children under 5 years (69. 56%). Patients younger than the age of primary immunization measles vaccination (eight months) accounted for 20. 29% of all the measles cases. Meanwhile, patients older than the age of primary immunization (35. 20%) had not been vaccinated before. Conclusion There was an ascending trend of measles incidence rate in Nan'an district of Chongqing city, where the cases were mainly sporadic. More efficient measures must be taken to achieve the goal of measles control and

  11. Empirical Research on the Construction of High Standard Basic Farmland-Taking a New District in the City of Suqian as an Example%高标准基本农田建设实证研究--以宿迁市某新区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李华

    2016-01-01

    By ifeld investigation, with ARC GIS software, this paper has calculated that the building-scale potential of high standard basic farmland located in a new district in the city of Suqian, Jiangsu province is about 5000 hectares (including the areas in which the construction of high standard basic farmland has been implemented). Through investigation and analysis of 16 villages of this new district, this paper points out the problems that we face in the construction of high standard basic farmland. These problems are related to project funding, ownership adjustment, maintenance of equipment, and public participation. In response to this, this paper argues that in order to develop high-standard farmland, we must strengthen organizational leadership, actively ifnd a proper property adjustment mechanism, enhance efforts to post-construction maintenance, step up our publicity initiatives, and improve the mechanism of public participation.%通过实地调查、应用ARCGIS软件测算出江苏省宿迁市某新区的高标准基本农田建设规模潜力(含已实施区域)约5000h m2。文章对该新区16个村(居)调查分析,当前高标准基本农田建设中存在着项目资金、权属调整、设施维护和公众参与等方面的问题。推进高标准农田建设对策:(1)加强组织领导;(2)积极探索产权调整机制;(3)加强高标准基本农田建后管护;(4)加强宣传引导,完善公众参与机制。

  12. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herbelin, Bruno; Lasserre, Sebastien; Ciger, Jan

    2008-01-01

    Flying Cities is an artistic installation which generates imaginary cities from the speech of its visitors. Thanks to an original interactive process analyzing people's vocal input to create 3D graphics, a tangible correspondence between speech and visuals opens new possibilities of interaction....... This cross-modal interaction not only supports our artistic messages, but also aims at providing anyone with a pleasant and stimulating feedback from her/his speech activity. As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective is now to cross the bridge...

  13. Drone City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2016-01-01

    design” will be used as a background perspective to reflect upon the future of drones in cities. The other perspective used to frame the phenomenon is the emerging discourse of the “smart city”. A city of proliferating digital information and data communication may be termed a smart city as shorthand...... on the block” that will potentially be a game-changer for urban governance, economics and everyday life. Here we are thinking of the unmanned aerial vehicle or drone as the popular term has it. Therefore, the paper asks how life in “drone city” may play out. Drones may alter the notion of surveillance by means...

  14. Secondary business districts in Ljubljana: Analysis of conditions and assessment of planned development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Bole

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents secondary business districts in Ljubljana according to the conditions in the 2008 proposal of the City of Ljubljana spatial plan. The introduction first clarifies the term “secondary business district” and continues by presenting the basic typology of secondary business districts, which is based on a historical approach and represents an inventory of these districts in Ljubljana. Selected features of these districts are presented, especially from the business viewpoint. The structure of companies, the time of their establishment, capital ownership and size are presented in greater detail. The second part analyses the draft spatial plan in order to determine the future changes in secondary business districts, their creation and disappearance. Simple criteria are used to critically assess the City of Ljubljana draft spatial plan and identify the six most critical secondary business districts that deviate significantly from these criteria.

  15. 重庆市九龙坡区2009年甲型H1N1流感暴发疫情流行病学分析%Epidemiological analysis of influenza A (H1N1) in Jiulongpo district of Chongqing city in 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李中琴; 李晓娟; 谭学钧

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解重庆市九龙坡区甲型H1N1流感暴发疫情的流行病学特征.为更好地制定有针对性的控制措施提供依据.方法 对重庆市九龙坡区2009年甲型H1N1流感暴发疫情处理资料进行描述性分析.结果 16起甲型H1N1流感暴发疫情累计确诊64例,平均罹患率为0.36%(64/17778);疫情集中发生在9月,发病人群主要是中专职校学生;男女性别比为3:1.结论 甲型H1N1流感暴发疫情均发生在学校,学校是控制甲型H1N1流感疫情的关键,应及时报告疫情、有效落实控制措施.%Objective To study the epidemiological characteristics of hepatitis in Jiulongpo district of Chongqing city and to establish a more pertinent control of influenza A (H1N1).Methods Descriptive epidemiological study was performed to analyze the characteristics of influenza A (H1N1) outbreak in 2009 in the Jiulongpo district of Chongqing city.Results 16 influenza A (H1N1) outbreak involving 64 reported cases were found.The average rate of prevalence was 0.36% (64/17778).Most of the outbreak occurred in schools in September.Conclusion The influenza A (H1N1) outbreak was mainly in schools.Timely report is an effective measure to control the infection.

  16. 深圳市宝安区心理危机干预热线581例求助电话分析%Help-seeking telephone analysis of 581 cases of psychological crisis inter-vention hotline in Bao’an District of Shenzhen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏海云; 刘成锋; 张泉水; 邓秀良; 侯粤虎

    2015-01-01

    Objective To known the characteristics of help-seeking telephone of psychological crisis intervention hot-line in Bao’an district of Shenzhen City. Methods From November 2011 to December 2013,581 effective calls via psy-chological healthy hotline in Bao’an district of Shenzhen City were retrospectively analyzed. Results The main charac-teristics of callers were male (58.5%),young people at ages of 19 to 38 years old (87.3%),middle and high school educa-tion (63.2%),and local residents (80.9%).The main help-seeking problems included marriage and emotional problems (39.9%) and neurosis and other general psychological problems (26.5%).The principal help-seeking problems were dif-ferent based on different gender,age,education level,marital status and occupation supplicants (P<0.05).5.2% callers were reported with suicide ideation. Conclusion The psychconsultant hotline and health guidance should be adjusted on target based on the characteristics of population of callers and help-seeking problems.%目的:了解深圳市宝安区心理危机干预热线求助电话的特征。方法对深圳市宝安区心理健康热线2011年11月~2013年12月的581例有效来电进行回顾性分析。结果来电求助者主要特征为男性(58.5%)、19~38岁青年(87.3%)、初高中学历(63.2%)、本区居民(80.9%);主要求助问题为婚姻、情感问题(39.9%)、神经症或其他一般心理问题(26.5%),不同性别、年龄、受教育程度、婚姻状况和职业求助者的主要求助问题不同(P<0.05);有5.2%的求助者报告了自杀意念。结论心理热线和健康指导工作应根据来电人群和求助问题的特征进行有针对性的调整。

  17. 深圳市宝安区健康人群百日咳、白喉、破伤风抗体水平监测%Monitoring of the humoral immunity to pertussis, diphtheria and tetanus in the healthy population of Bao'an district, Shenzhen city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张震文; 茌静; 雷蕾; 郑晓晨; 肖锦晖

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解宝安区健康人群破伤风、白喉、百日咳三种疫苗血清抗体水平,评价三种疫苗的免疫实施效果.方法 2011年随机抽取宝安区7个街道不同年龄段人群,采用试管凝集试验检测血清抗体水平.结果 破伤风、白喉、百日咳抗体保护率分别为98.33%,98.06%,98.33%,各年龄组人群均达到90%以上;几何平均滴度(GMT)分别为1∶80.63、1∶80.48、1∶1 409.35,均以21~32岁组最低;三种抗体保护率和GMT有随年龄增大而明显降低的趋势.结论 宝安区人群破伤风、白喉、百日咳免疫水平都较高,免疫屏障已经形成,短期内暴发流行百日咳、白喉、破伤风的可能性不大.%Objective To determine the levels of serum antibodies against pertussis, diphtheria, and tetanus after immunization in the Bao'an district,Shenzhen city,and to evaluate the effectiveness of immunization. Method 360 persons were selected from 7 towns in Bao'an in 2011 and the levels serum antibodies to pertussis, diphtheria, and tetanus were monitored by the test-tube agglutination method. Results The protection rate and geometric mean titer of tetanus was 98.33% and 1:80.63,respective.The protection rate and geometric titer of diphtheria was 98.06% and 1:80.48, respectively. The protection rate and geometric titer of pertussis was 98.33% and 1:1 409.35, respectively. The protection rate and geometric titer of tetanus,diphtheria and pertussis were significantly decreased with increasing age. Conclusions The immunization level of pertussis, diphtheria, and tetanus was relatively high in the Bao'an district, Shenzhen city. The chance of the outbreak for these diseases was low.

  18. 2005-2010年沈阳市大东区风疹流行特征分析%Epidemic Characteristics of Rubella in Dadong District of Shenyang City during 2005 -2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴颖; 吕莉

    2011-01-01

    目的 掌握沈阳市大东区风疹流行特征和发病强度,为评价风疹防制规划实施效果提供准确依据.方法 利用描述流行病学方法分析该区风疹疫情资料.结果 2005-2010年沈阳市大东区风疹年均发病率为62.67/10万;男女性别比为1.44:1,男性发病率为72.98/10万,女性发病率为52.11/10万(P<0.01);4、5月份病例数占全年的61.04%,春季发病高峰明显;学生发病占59.75%,职业高峰明显;10 ~24岁年龄组占74.11%,青少年高发趋势明显.结论 该区应加强组织领导,落实各项预防控制措施;搞好卫生宣传和健康教育,提高卫生知识水平;加强培训,提高专业人员的技术水平和应急处理能力;加强监测预警,及时发现疫情流行态势;做好应急处理工作,有效控制疫情蔓延.%[Objective]To understand the epidemic characteristics and incidence intensity of rubella in Dadong district, and provide an accurate basis for the effect evaluation rubella control program. [ Methods] Descriptive epidemiological method was used to analyze the rubella epidemic data. [ Results] Rubella annual incidence rate was 62.67/100 000 in Dadong district from 2005 to 2010. The sex ratio of male to female was 1.44:1, and incidence rate was 72.98/100 000 and 32.11/100 000 respectively for male and female (P < 0.01). The number of cases accounted for 61.04% from April to May with obvious peak incidence in spring. 59.75% patients were students, with markedly occupational peak. 74.11% were adolescent aged 10-24 years, with obvious high incidence among adolescent. [Conclusion]This district should strengthen organizational leadership, implement prevention and control measures, improve promotion and education of health knowledge, improve the professional skills and emergency response capabilities by training, detect epidemic situation in time by strengthening monitoring and warning and effectively control the epidemic spread by emergency work.

  19. Prevalence of injury-related behaviors among 10 middle school students in Changping District of Beijing City%北京市昌平区10所学校中学生伤害相关行为流行状况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄艳丽; 崔永强; 刘玉红; 王会松

    2013-01-01

    [Objective]To study the prevalence of injuries among the middle school students in Changping District of Beijing City. [ Methods] Full-time students from 10 middle schools (including key secondary school, key high school, general secondary school, general high school and vocational high school) were selected from Changping District. An anonymous questionnaire survey was conducted on 2 of each kind. [Results]The rates of having no preparation before motion, walk violating regulations, bullying, being bullied, self-mutilation were relatively high whcih was 30. 1% , 36. 2% , 55. 8% , 36. 6% , 33. 5% respectively. The report rate of being bullied and self mutilation of secondary school students was higher than that of high school students, with significant difference. [ Conclusion] High prevalence of injure - related behaviors exists among middle school students in Changping District. Health education program about injury prevention should be conducted among middle school students as soon as possible improve their self-protection consciousness.%目的 了解北京市昌平区中学生伤害发生情况.方法 选取昌平区10所全日制中学学生作为本次调查对象,包括重点初中、重点高中、普通初中、普通高中、职业中学5种学校类型,每种学校类型选取2所学校的学生进行无记名问卷调查.结果 昌平区中学生运动前无准备、步行违规,欺侮、被欺侮、自残报告率较高,分别为30.1%、36.2%、55.8%、36.6%、33.5%.初中生被欺侮和自我伤害的报告率高于高中生,差异有统计学意义.结论 该区中学生中存在多种容易导致伤害的行为,应尽早对中学生进行预防伤害的健康教育,提高中学生自我保护意识.

  20. City Streets

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This data set contains roadway centerlines for city streets found on the USGS 1:24,000 mapping series. In some areas, these roadways are current through the 2000...

  1. Survey on Status of Obesity Among Urban Pupils in Lengshuitan District of Yongzhou City%永州市冷水滩区城市小学生肥胖状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘明玲

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解冷水滩区城市小学生肥胖状况,分析其影响原因,制定干预措施.方法 采用整群随机抽样方法对学生健康体检资料进行性别、年龄肥胖发生状况的调查.结果 2010年调查9096名学生,肥胖检出率12.5%,其中男生20.1%、女生3.1%;2011年调查8766名学生,肥胖检出率13.7%,其中男生21.2%、女生3.9%,男生显著高于女生(P<0.01).结论 该区小学生男生肥胖检出率较高.应采用科学的、有针对性的、运用多种传播方式开展学校健康教育和健康促进活动,提高老师、家长和学生关于降低小学生肥胖发生率的健康素养.%Objective To investigate the status of obesity in urban primary school students of Lengshuitan District, to analyze the influencing factors, and to formulate intervention measures. Methods The objects were enrolled by cluster random sampling method. The obesity status of the pupils was surveyed through the data of the pupils' health examinations and was analyzed on gender and age basis. Results A total of 9,096 pupils were surveyed in 2010. The detection rate of obesity was 12.5%, 20.1% for boys and 3.1% for girls. A total of 8,766 pupils were surveyed in 2011. The detection rate of obesity was 13.7%, 21.2% for boys and 3.9% forgirls. The detection rate of obesity in boys was significantly higher than that in girls (P <0.01). Conclusions The detection rate of obesity in male pupils of Lengshuitan District is higher. Scientific and targeted health education and health promotion activities should be conducted in primary schools through a variety of communication methods so as to improve health literacy about reducing the incidence of obesity in teachers, parents and pupils.

  2. 2009-2011年深圳市福田区流感样病例流行特征%Analysis on epidemiological characteristics of influenza-like illness in Futian District of Shenzhen City from 2009-2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段利娜; 黄慈林; 石向辉; 牛姬飞

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] To analyze the surveillance results of influenza-like illness (ILI) in Futian District of Shenzhen from 2009-2011, explore the trend of epidemic situation, and discuss the prevention and control measures after pandemic influenza of H1N1. [Methods] According to the National influenza surveillance program (Trial) , ILI cases and the nasopharyngeal swab samples were collected from the sentinel hospitals, MDCK cells were used for influenza virus isolation, and the hemagglutination inhibition test was applied to identify influenza virus type. [Results]From 2009-2011, a total of 25 654 cases of ILI were reported, and average ITL% was 5. 09% . Among 1061 throat swab samples, there were 335 influenza strains with the positive rate of 31.57%. [ Conclusion] The epidemiologic peak of influenza is June to July with a small peak in March in Futian District, and the virus subtypes of influenza have occurred alternately. After the pandemic influenza of H1N1 in 2009, variant influenza virus is not found.%目的 分析深圳市福田区2009-2011年流感样病例(ILI)监测结果,探讨流感大流行后疫情趋势与预防控制对策.方法 根据《全国流感监测方案(试行)》,收集哨点医院ILI就诊数,采集流感样病例鼻咽拭子,采用MDCK细胞进行流感病毒分离,采用血凝抑制试验进行流感病毒型别的鉴定.结果 3年累计报告流感样病例25 654例,平均ITL%为5.09%,共采集ILI咽拭子标本1 061份,分离到阳性菌株335份,阳性率为31.57%.结论 福田区流感流行高峰在6-7月,3月有1个小高峰,各亚型交替出现.2009年H1N1流感大流行后,未监测到流感变异毒株.

  3. Investigation and analysis on postpartum depression in Wanzhou district in Chongqing city%重庆市万州区产后抑郁症的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包彬; 殷俊峰; 刘恋

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To understand the prevalence and related influencing factors of po.stpartum deprcssion in parturient women in Wanzhou district. Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted in 2 000 parturient women by general individual questionnaire and Edinburgh postnatal depression scale. Results: The incidence of postpartum depression in parturient women of Wanzhou district was 33. 93% , which was high in younger and rural parturient women; the incidence of postpartum depression was low in the parturient women whose age gap with their husbands was 5—10 years; pregnancy complications, low economic, income, nervous relationship with husbands and mothers — in — law, troubled sleep, and poor development of neonates were related to postpartum depression. Conclusion: The occurrence of postpartum depression is related to many factors, the psychosomatic status of pregnant women should he paid more attention to, measures should be taken timely for intervention and treatment.%目的:了解重庆市万州区产妇产后抑郁症的患病情况及可能的影响因素.方法:对2 000例产妇采用一般个人情况调查表及Edinburgh艾氏产后抑郁量表(EPDS)进行问卷调查.结果:万州区产妇产后抑郁症的患病率为33.93%,年龄较小的产妇、农村产妇患病率较高;与丈夫年龄差距在5~10岁者患病率较低;该次妊娠存在合并症、产妇经济收入较低、与丈夫和婆婆关系紧张、平时睡眠较差以及新生儿发育较差与产后抑郁症的发生有关.结论:产后抑郁症的发生与多种因素有关,医务人员及家属应关注孕产妇的身心状况,及早采取措施干预和治疗.

  4. Survey on nutrition status among 587 technicians in Urban District, Suzhou City%苏州市区587名技工营养健康状况调查及分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞莉; 汝骅

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the nutrition status of the technicians in urban district,Suzhou,and provide basis for the intervention in the target population. Methods Data of physical examination, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, blood sugar and hemoglobin were collected and statistically analyzed. Results Among all the age groups investigated, the low-body-weight ratio in the 0.05). Conclusions Among the technicians in urban district of Suzhou, malnutrition and anemia coexist with obesity. Elevated blood pressure mainly occurred in young people,especially in female, while elevated blood sugar occurred in male and the elderly. Health education and intervention should be taken on the ground of age and gender.%目的 了解苏州市区技术工人群体的营养健康状况,为有目的地开展健康干预提供依据.方法 收集技工体检数据,对体质指数(BMI)、血压、血糖、血红蛋白等指标进行统计分析.结果 被调查者中<30岁年龄组低体重率最高达23%;而超重、肥胖率有随年龄而增加的趋势(P<0.01);达到贫血标准者皆为女性;出现血糖增高的人员50%以上处于<30岁年龄段;单因素方差分析和多元线性回归分析显示,BMI与年龄、性别显著相关(P<0.01);性别、BMI、年龄对血压水平的影响有显著性(P<0.01,P<0.05);年龄对血糖水平的影响有显著性(P<0.01);血红蛋白水平与BMI和年龄均无相关性(P>0.05).结论 苏州市区技工中营养缺乏、贫血主要出现在年轻人尤其是女性,肥胖、血压及血糖偏高以男性及中老年人较明显.对技工应按年龄和性别有针对性地开展健康教育及干预.

  5. 北京市顺义区2006-2010年风疹流行病学分析%Epidemiological Analysis of Rubella in Shunyi District of Beijing City during 2006-2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐莹; 王凤双; 肖雷; 吴殚; 冯冉

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解北京市顺义区2006-2010年风疹流行病学特征,为控制风疹提供依据.方法利用传染病检测信息系统收集预防流行病学和实验室监测等资料,采取描述流行病学分析法分析顺义区风疹流行病学特征.结果顺义区2006-2010年风疹报告发病率分别为14.55/10万、14.82/10万、15.08/10万、1.32/10万和30.72/10万.学校及托幼机构风疹病例数分别占80.00%、53.91% 、41.88%、18.18%和38.67%.7起暴发及突发疫情中6起发生于学校,123例暴发病例中105例无免疫史或免疫史不详.结论学校是风疹防控的重点,今后应加强在校学生风疹疫苗的免疫接种,加强学校疫情监测,以降低风疹发病,预防控制风疹暴发.%[Objective]To know epidemiological characteristics of rubella in Shunyi District during 2006 -2010, and provide evi-dence for rubella prevention and control. [Methods] Descriptive epidemiology was adopted to analyze the epidemic data and laborato-ry monitoring data from Infectious Diseases Information Systems. [ Results] The reported rubella incidence rate of Shunyi District were 14.55/100 000, 14. 82/100 000, 15.08/100 000, 1.32/100 000 and 30.72/100 000 during 2006 - 2010. The proportions of rubel-la cases in schools and kindergartens were 80.00% , 53.91% , 41.88% , 18.18% and 38.67%. 6 out of 7 outbreaks occurred in schools, 105 out of 123 cases in outbreaks did not have immunization history or had unknown immunization history. [Conclusion] School is the key place for prevention and control of rubella, the rubella vaccine immunization and surveillance in school should be strengthened to reduce the incidence of rubella, and prevent the outbreaks.

  6. 四川省成都市武侯区居民健康素养状况调查%Survey of health literacy among residents in Wuhou District of Chengdu City, Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方开翼

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand the status of health literacy among residents of Wuhou District, Sichuan Province, to provide evidence for formulating and evaluating policies and intervention measures of health education. Methods 400 residents from 4 communities of Wuhou District were selected by stratified cluster random sampling and surveyed by face-to-face interview. Results The proportion of residents who held health literacy was 27. 0%. 32. 5% of residents had basic health knowledge and concept 18.0% of them held health behaviors. 46. 3% of them had basic health skills. In terms of five aspects of health literacy, 38.3% of residents had scientific health concept 36. 8% of them had the knowledge about infectious disease prevention. 13.0% of them held the literacy of chronic disease prevention. 76. 3% of them held safety and first aid literacy. 16. 3% of them had basic medical literacy. Conclusion Health promotion and health intervention should be focused on the areas in where the residents' literacy levels were low.%对四川省成都市武侯区居民健康素养水平进行调查,为制定健康教育政策、干预措施提供依据.方法 选取武侯区2个城区街道和2个农村街道,随机抽取400名居民进行问卷调查.结果 居民具备健康素养的总体水平为27.0%,具备基本知识和理念素养的占32.5%;具备健康生活方式与行为的占18.0%;具备基本健康技能的占46.3%.针对5类健康问题的健康素养,具备科学健康观的占38.3%,具备传染病预防素养的占36.8%,具备慢性病预防素养的占13.0%,具备安全与急救素养的占76.3%,具备基本医疗素养的占16.3%.结论 针对居民对5类健康问题知晓率较低的部分,重点加强健康促进和干预.

  7. Analysis of the measles epidemic trend in Donghe district of Baotou city during year 1959-2008%1959~2008年包头市东河区麻疹流行趋势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艳霞

    2014-01-01

    Objective To understand the epidemic trend of measles in Donghe District during the year 1959 ~ 2008,to fully grasp the epidemic dynamics of measles,and provide scientific basis for developing measles elimination strategy. Methods We collect the data of measles report through a method of retrospective survey,using excell2003 for statistical data processing. Results The incidence rate of measles and the constituent ratio of Donghe District,were overall downward trend.Spring is the peak of the disease,the age of onset ranged from 3 months to 50 years old,childhood had the highest incidence of the disease. Conclusion To strengthen Routine vaccination of measles vaccine for floating population,to develop measles antibody detection in a specific population,timely replant measles vaccine to prevent measles outbreaks and rebound.%目的:了解1959~2008年东河区麻疹的流行趋势,全面掌握麻疹的流行动态,为制订消除麻疹策略提供科学依据。方法用回顾性调查的方法搜集了麻疹疫情报告资料并用Excel2003对数据进行统计处理。结果东河区麻疹的发病率、发病构成总体呈下降趋势,春季是发病的高峰期,发病年龄介于3个月~50岁之间,儿童发病数最多。结论加强对流动人口麻疹疫苗的常规接种,在特定人群中开展麻疹抗体检测,及时进行麻疹疫苗补种,防止出现麻疹疫情反弹。

  8. Education Reform in New Orleans: Voices from the Recovery School District

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciolino, Max S.; Kirylo, James D.; Mirón, Luis; Frazier, Kelly

    2014-01-01

    In the post-Katrina education landscape in New Orleans, teachers in charter schools and district-run schools in the Recovery School District are uniquely situated to provide a direct eyewitness account of the successes and failures of the city's new direction in public education. This narrative presents the opinions of teachers in a critical…

  9. Discipline for Students with Disabilities in the Recovery School District (RSD) of New Orleans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeffers, Elizabeth K.

    2014-01-01

    This article focuses on special education in New Orleans post Hurricane Katrina. After Hurricane Katrina, Louisiana's Recovery School District (RSD) took over 102 of the city's 128 schools with the stated goal of creating a "choice district" for parents. This "choice distric"' is made up of RSD direct-run…

  10. Restructuring Schools in Baltimore: An Analysis of State and District Efforts. ECS Policy Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morando Rhim, Lauren

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents a summary of state and local restructuring efforts in a single district: the Baltimore City Public School System (BCPSS). State and experiences with restructuring persistently low-performing schools provide practical information to other state and district leaders charged with the task of restructuring schools under NCLB.

  11. Potential Cities_

    OpenAIRE

    Budzynski, Scott

    2015-01-01

    Buildings and urban construction are understood in this paper as representations of the city. Their meanings, however, are often invisible, positing unrealized urban visions, which are both imbedded in and which call up chains of associations expressing desires and fears. Narratives of what the city should be often contain the rejection of the existing urban situation. Understanding architectural objects as potential underscores their imaginary nature. Freud, for example, uses the Roman ruins...

  12. Beautiful city

    OpenAIRE

    Gerald A. Carlino

    2009-01-01

    Proponents of the City Beautiful movement advocated for sizable public investments in monumental spaces, street beautification, and classical architecture. Today, economists and policymakers see the provision of consumer leisure amenities as a way to attract people and jobs to cities. But past studies have provided only indirect evidence of the importance of leisure amenities for urban growth and development. In this article, Jerry Carlino uses a new data set on the number of leisure tourist ...

  13. City Beautiful

    OpenAIRE

    Gerald A. Carlino; Saiz, Albert

    2008-01-01

    The City Beautiful movement, which in the early 20th century advocated city beautification as a way to improve the living conditions and civic virtues of the urban dweller, had languished by the Great Depression. Today, new urban economic theorists and policymakers are coming to see the provision of consumer leisure amenities as a way to attract population, especially the highly skilled and their employers. However, past studies have provided only indirect evidence of the importance of leisur...

  14. Model cities

    OpenAIRE

    M Batty

    2007-01-01

    The term ?model? is now central to our thinking about how weunderstand and design cities. We suggest a variety of ways inwhich we use ?models?, linking these ideas to Abercrombie?sexposition of Town and Country Planning which represented thestate of the art fifty years ago. Here we focus on using models asphysical representations of the city, tracing the development ofsymbolic models where the focus is on simulating how functiongenerates form, to iconic models where the focus is on representi...

  15. Sustainable cities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Sustainable City Project, a collaboration among the cities of Portland, Oregon, and San Francisco and San Jose, California, aims at developing and implementing sustainable energy planning methods and programs for cites. For a period of two years (1989-90), the three project cities worked in parallel, yet pursued independent courses to develop appropriate sustainable urban energy practices to meet local needs and aspirations. Central to the Sustainable City Project was finding ways to manage today's urban energy needs without jeopardizing the needs of future generations. Sustainability implies that nothing should go to waste, but rather should contribute to the proper balance between the natural environment and the built environment Sustainable urban energy systems encompass more than energy efficiency and energy conservation measures: they must be diverse, flexible, self-reliant, renewable, and integrated. Since local governments make decisions affecting land use, building codes, transportation systems, waste disposal, and power plants--all of which impact energy resource use--local jurisdictions can do much to ensure their own sustainable future. This paper will present an accounting of the specific steps that each city took to determine and begin implementation of their respective approaches to sustainable energy planning, with a specific focus on the City of San Jose activities. Useful tools for facilitating community process, program planning and implementation, and quantitative analysis will also be discussed

  16. Fiscal 1999 report on basic research for promotion of joint implementation programs. Feasibility study on energy saving and environmental improvement for Radom City district cogeneration station; 1999 nendo Radom shi chiiki netsuden heikyu station sho energy oyobi kankyo kaizen kanosei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Pursuant to the COP3 (Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) protocol, studies are conducted on a district cogeneration station for Radom City, Poland. Using the annual load pattern of heat supply, cogeneration will be built only for the amount that covers utilization factors not lower than a specified level, and the shortage in winter when the load is heavy due to demand for heat will be dealt with by the existing hot water boilers. Daily change in load is to be covered by a new, additional boiler which will bear 20% of the whole output. The system is a natural gas fired turbine cogenerator, and hot water is supplied by a waste heat recovery boiler. Cogeneration will cover 80% of the annual heat supply. As for heat supply capability, it is set at 72MWt with the additional boiler taken into account, and 35MWe is to be generated. Heat efficiency will increase to be higher than 80%, coal consumption will decrease, and 28,117 tons/year in terms of oil will be saved with the increase in natural gas consumption subtracted. CO2 reduction will also be as large as 206,000 tons/year, decreasing air pollutants. Provided that 4.336-billion yen for facilities are financed by Japan's environmental yen loan, Poland's National Fund, and Radom City's own fund, IRR (internal rate of return) on investment will be fairly good at 10% in 30 years of operation. Investment will be recovered in nine years and there is no problem in cash flow. (NEDO)

  17. CONSIDERATIONS ON THE IMPLICATIONS OF THE POLLUTION PHENOMENON IN THE SANOGENESIS STATE OF THE URBAN ECOSYSTEM IN SĂRĂRIE-ŢICĂU DISTRICTS (IAŞI CITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana – Maria Oişte

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The urban ecosystem is marked by the presence of natural factors, with a supporting role, and anthropic ones, which are interdependent and ensure for their inhabitants a different qualitative standard of life. The aim of the study is to highlight the implications of pollution phenomenon, specific for any urban ecosystem, in its sanogenesis state in the analyzed area. For reaching this goal, there have been processed databases concerning the quality of air, water, amount of generated waste and green spaces; measurements of the noise level have been made and collective waste collection points have been inventoried. The results have been processed and graphically represented by the soft Arc GIS 9.3 and by open-source statistical processing: R. The analyzed area consists of two residential districts in which the pollution must be reduced in order not to influence the sanogenesis state of the urban ecosystem, there being notified some factors, especially of chemical ones, that emphasize the phenomenon and produce hazards of the environment at a microregional level, without influencing the sanogenesis state as a whole.

  18. An Empirical Study of the School Zone Law in Three Cities in Massachusetts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brownsberger, William N.; Aromaa, Susan

    This study of the 1989 Massachusetts' School Anti-Drug law reviewed 443 drug dealing cases in three cities. After selecting cities and drug dealing cases, researchers reviewed District Attorney case files and extracted selected data items (primarily from police reports). They mapped incident locations, schools, and parks in the cities; computed…

  19. Mental health situation of migrant workers in Baoan District, Shenzhen City%深圳市宝安区外来劳务工心理健康状况调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑磊; 罗碧青; 刘德坚; 谭庆平

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study psychological status of migrant workers in Shenzhen City, so that to provide a scientific basis for the next step of the suitable program for mental health promotion. Methods According to street size and unit properties, migrant workers who were from 32 factories and public places were recruited by stratified sampling and tested with Symptom Check list (SCL - 90) and self-designed questionnaire about their general status during March to April 2011. Results Overall, 1 716 migrants workers (852 male and 864 female) were tested, with average age of (27. 08 ±7. 82) years. The general scores were 117. 89 ±29. 65 and the positive detection rate was 9. 0% (155/1 716). The highest positive rate was compulsion factor (15.9% ) , and the other factors were 4. 2% - 9. 8%. Except phobia factor, the general score and other single factor scores of SCL -90 in migrant workers were lower than the normal(P < 0. 01 ). Gender-compulsion, depression, anxiety, terror, psychotic factor scores and total score difference was significant (P < 0.01, P < 0. 05). Different educational level of somatization, compulsion .interpersonal sensitivity, anxiety, hostility, phobic, and the total score difference was significant(P<0. 01 ,P<0. 05). Different working hours of somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, hostility factor scores and the total score difference was significant (P <0. 01 ,P <0. 05). Except somatization fact, age and the scores including of the total and the other factors were negatively correlation( P <0. 01). Years that worked in Shenzhen City and somatization factor score was positive correlation ( P < 0. 05 ). Years that worked in Shenzhen and the scores including of obsessive and phobia factors were negatively correlation (P <0. 01). Conclusion Migrant workers had several types of mental health problems in Shenzhen City. Sex, age, education level, work time everyday, years working in Shenzhen City are influencing factors of mental health of

  20. From Zero Energy Buildings to Zero Energy Districts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Polly, Ben; Kutscher, Chuck; Macumber, Dan; Schott, Marjorie; Pless, Shanti; Livingood, Bill; Van Geet, Otto

    2016-08-26

    Some U.S. cities are planning advanced districts that have goals for zero energy, water, waste, and/or greenhouse gas emissions. From an energy perspective, zero energy districts present unique opportunities to cost-effectively achieve high levels of energy efficiency and renewable energy penetration across a collection of buildings that may be infeasible at the individual building scale. These high levels of performance are accomplished through district energy systems that harness renewable and wasted energy at large scales and flexible building loads that coordinate with variable renewable energy supply. Unfortunately, stakeholders face a lack of documented processes, tools, and best practices to assist them in achieving zero energy districts. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is partnering on two new district projects in Denver: the National Western Center and the Sun Valley Neighborhood. We are working closely with project stakeholders in their zero energy master planning efforts to develop the resources needed to resolve barriers and create replicable processes to support future zero energy district efforts across the United States. Initial results of these efforts include the identification and description of key zero energy district design principles (maximizing building efficiency, solar potential, renewable thermal energy, and load control), economic drivers, and master planning principles. The work has also resulted in NREL making initial enhancements to the U.S. Department of Energy's open source building energy modeling platform (OpenStudio and EnergyPlus) with the long-term goal of supporting the design and optimization of energy districts.

  1. Influencing Swedish homeowners to adopt district heating system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Improved energy efficiency and greenhouse gas mitigation could be achieved by replacing resistance heaters with district heating system. In 2005, only about 8% of the Swedish detached houses had district heating system. The expansion of such systems largely depends on homeowners' adoption decisions. And, to motivate homeowners to adopt district heating, it is essential to understand their decision-making process. In this context, in June 2005 we carried out a questionnaire survey of about 700 homeowners who lived in the city of Ostersund in houses with resistance heaters (baseline survey). About 84% of the respondents did not intend to install a new heating system. Since then these homeowners were influenced by (a) an investment subsidy by the Swedish government to replace resistance heaters with district heating, a brine/water-based heat pump, or a biomass-based heating system and (b) a marketing campaign by the municipality-owned district heating company. This paper analyses how these two measures influenced about 78% of the homeowners to adopt the district heating system. For this purpose we carried out a follow-up survey of the same homeowners in December 2006 (resurvey). Results showed that the investment subsidy and the marketing campaign created a need among the homeowners to adopt a new heating system. The marketing campaign was successful in motivating them to adopt the district heating system. The marketing strategy by the district heating company corresponds to the results obtained in the baseline survey

  2. Analysis on Influenza Surveillance in Futian District of Shenzhen City during 2007-2009%深圳市福田区2007-2009年流行性感冒监测分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范苏云; 黄慈林; 石向辉; 李丽廉; 刘莹

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解福田区流行性感冒(简称流感)流行动态及流感病毒毒株的变异情况,为流感的防治提供科学依据.方法 每周统计监测点流感样病例(ILI)数据,采集流感样病例鼻咽拭子标本,采用MDCK细胞进行流感病毒分离,采用血凝抑制试验进行流感病毒犁别的鉴定.结果 2007-2009年共监测到流感样病例32 961例,占监测门诊总数的5.61%;分离阳性毒株363份,分离率34.41%.各年度ILI%趋势与病毒分离率一致.发生暴发疫情97宗,主要发牛在中小学和托幼机构.结论 福田区流感流行高峰在6-8月,各亚型交替出现,一般在6月前后出现毒株型别改变.2009年ILI%、分离率及暴发疫情的升高主要是由于甲型H1N1流感大流行引起的.%[ Objective ] To understand the dynamic epidemiologic characteristics of influenza and variation of influenza virus strains in Futian District, and provide scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of influenza. [ Methods] Influenza-like illness ( ILI) data of monitoring hospitals were weekly analyzed and the nasopharyngeal swab samples of ILI were collected. MDCK cells were used for influenza virus isolation. Hemagglutination inhibition experiments were applied to identify influenza virus type. [ Results ] From 2007 to 2009, a total of 32 961 cases of ILI were monitored, accounting for 5.61% of total monitoring out-patients; 363 influenza strains were isolated, the virus isolation rate was 34.41%. The annual trend of ILI% was consistent with the trend of virus isolation rate; 97 epidemic outbreaks occurred mainly in schools and nurseries. [ Conclusion ] The epidemiologic peak of influenza is from June to August in Futian District, the influenza virus subtypes alternate, the virus strain type usually changed in June. The ILI% and the isolation rate and the epidemic outbreaks increasing is mainly due to influenza pandemic of H1N1 in 2009.

  3. 广州市白云区一起登革热局部爆发流行的新特点%New epidemiologic characteristics of a dengue fever outbreak in Baiyun district of Guangzhou city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶浩风; 周勇; 叶双岚; 庞志明; 陈英安; 张颖; 李钊宏; 周伟明

    2012-01-01

    Objective To analyze the new epidemic characteristics of the outbreak of dengue fever in Baiyun district in 2010 and to provide evidence for prevention and control measures. Methods A case-study was conducted based on patients notified by hospitals. ELISA method was used for detecting IgM/IgG anti-dengue virus antibodies. The density of mosquito larvae was measured with Breteau index (BI) and the cases were further identified at the epidemic spots. Results The epidemic period of dengue outbreak lasted 69 days. Most of the patients were living in suburb and downtown where the population was dense. Among the 19 patients, 8 are male and 11 are female. And the age was between 16 and 82. Most of the patients were at the middle-age and 8 patients (42.11%) were from 20 to 39 years old. The incidence rate of dengue fever was higher in the household workers, retired people and officers than others. There were 12 out of 19 patients with anti-dengue antibodies. The values of BI were between 5 and 41 in the epidemic district in September and October. Conclusion The new epidemic characteristics of this outbreak were the long epidemic period, covering a large area, and the continuous disease transmission.%目的 分析白云区2010年一起登革热爆发的流行病学新特点,为制定登革热预防控制措施提供科学依据.方法 对各医院报告的病例进行流行病学调查,采集病例血清以ELISA法进行登革热IgM/IgG抗体检测,使用布雷图指数(BI)进行蚊媒密度调查,在疫点周围开展病例搜索.结果 本次疫情流行历时69 d,从8月22日至10月29日.共发病19例,其中男8例,女11例;发病年龄最小16岁,最大82岁,以青壮年为主,20~39岁占42.11%.职业分布以家务待业、离退休人员、干部职工发病较高.19例病例主要分布在方圆500 m范围内,实验室确诊12例,检测结果显示,单份IgM阳性的6例,单份IgG抗体阳性的1例,IgM/IgG抗体双阳的有12例.9-10月以来BI持续超5,

  4. Investigation on postpartum depression of maternal at shiqi district of zhongshan city of guangdong province%广东省中山市石岐区产妇产后抑郁症调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒲术耘

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the incidence,related factors of postpartum depression at postpartum 42 days of maternal at shiqi district.Methods:300 pregnant women at postpartum 42 days were selected from May 2013 to July 2014.They were given the questionnaire survey.We made a judgment on whether there was postpartum depression on them by Edinburgh postnatal depression scale,at the same time,according to the survey results,we summarized the pathogenic factors of postpartum depression in postpartum women and analyzed related risk factors.Results:Edinburgh postnatal depression scale questionnaire showed there were 68 cases,and the incidence rate was 24.3%.The main influence factors of postpartum depression were the social factors, family factors,the psychological causes of maternal and neonatal problems and so on.Conclusion:As detailed as possible to understand the relevant factors about postpartum depression of maternal at shiqi district and giving early intervention can not only improve the prognosis of patients,but also can reduce the adverse effects on the family and the society in a certain extent.%目的:研究石岐区产妇产后42 d产后抑郁症发病情况、相关因素。方法:2013年5月-2014年7月收治分娩42 d后的产妇300例,对其进行问卷调查,并通过Edinburgh产后抑郁量表测定判断是否存在产后抑郁症情况,同时根据调查结果总结产后抑郁症在产后妇女中的发病率并分析相关的发病因素。结果:Edinburgh产后抑郁量表问卷调查结果显示共68例,发病率24.3%,影响其产后抑郁的主要因素为社会因素、家庭因素、产妇自身心理原因以及新生儿问题等。结论:尽可能详细了解石岐区产妇产后抑郁症发生的相关因素并尽早干预,不但可以改善患者的预后,同时也可以在一定程度上减少对家庭以及社会所产生的不良影响。

  5. On Sustainable Management Strategy of Suburban Forest Farm--A Case Study of Forest Farm in Lishui District of Nanjing City%城市近郊森林可持续经营战略研究--以南京市溧水区林场为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈焕娣; 刁娇娇

    2014-01-01

    The research of forest sustainable management is one of the focuses of forestry economy and forest management study, while there are few researches concerning the sustainable management of suburban state⁃owned forest farm. Taking the forest farm in Lishui District of Nanjing City as a case study, this paper analyzes the location advantages and the current status of forest resources and suggests approaches to urban forest conservation:strengthening the scientific management, deepening the reform, enhancing the team building and the information technology. The research is expected to provide scientific basis for the sustainable development of urban forest.%森林可持续经营研究是目前我国林业经济和森林经营研究的重点之一,而城市近郊的国营林场可持续经营研究却较少。以南京市溧水区林场为例,通过分析其区位优势及森林资源现状等,提出了城市森林的森林资源保护,加强科学经营,不断深化改革,加强队伍建设,强化信息技术力量等可持续经营战略,以期为城市森林的可持续发展提供科学依据。

  6. 城市河道游憩空间规划建设探讨--以安康市汉滨区汉江为例%Discussion of Planning and Construction of Urban River Recreation Space -- Taking Han River in Hanbin District in Ankang City as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘熹熹; 刘剑; 吴瑾

    2014-01-01

    With the development of the level of urbanization and the raise of the new urbanization strategy, constructing a friendly urban living environment wil be the key content of urban construction in the future. Taking planning and cons- truction of recreation space along Han River in Hanbin district in Ankang city as an example, the paper analyzes the content, the planning and design of the development of urban river re- creation space.%随着我国城市化水平的提高以及新型城镇化战略的提出,建设友好的城镇人居环境将是今后城镇建设的重点内容。文章以安康市汉滨区汉江河道游憩空间规划建设为例,分析了城市河道游憩空间的开发的内容和规划设计。

  7. Analysis of physical examination results of children aged 0 ~ 3 years in Shenhe District of Shenyang City%沈阳市沈河区0~3岁儿童体检结果的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董静

    2016-01-01

    Objective To understand the 0 ~ 3 years old children′s growth and development condition and development trend of disease con-dition in smal shenhe district west region,Shenang. Methods 786 children′s physical examination cases of children aged 0 ~ 3 were choosen for statistical analysis. Results The physical examination rate associated with age,the smal er the age,the higher the physical examination rate. Closely related to prevalence and age,the higher the age,the smal er the prevalence. Conclusion In addition to malnutrition,the disease prevalence of children aged 0 ~ 1 were higher,which was in according to the law of children′s growth and development. We should pay more at ention to the health of groups of children aged 0 ~ 1 to work.%目的:分析沈河区小西地区0~3岁儿童生长发育状况及疾病状况发展趋势。方法选择2013年1月至12月进行儿童体格检查的786例0~3岁儿童资料进行统计分析。结果体检率与年龄相关,年龄越小,体检率越高。患病率与年龄关系密切,年龄越小患病率越高。结论除营养不良,我区0~1岁组儿童的患病率较其他组高,符合儿童生长发育规律。应注重0~1岁组儿童的保健工作。

  8. Weed Shifts and Management Strategies in Lixiahe Region of Yandu District in Yancheng City%江苏省盐城市盐都区里下河地区草相演变与治理对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹方元; 仇学平; 成太祥

    2014-01-01

    Since the founding of new China ,weed populations in Lixiahe region of Yandu district have experienced four major shifts,with changes in the most prevalent weed species as expected .Potamogeton distinctus was the dominant weed in waterlogged fields .During the period of manual weeding of continuous transplanted rice and wheat cropping ,Echinoch-loa crusgalli,Bulbostylis barbata and Cyperus difformis were prevalent .With the change to chemical weeding and direct seeding in this cropping system,E.crusgalli,Leptochloa chinensis,Digitaria sanguinalis and weedy rice(Oryza sativa) be-came the most dominant weeds .At present,the main prevention and control strategies include the application of pre -e-mergence,post-emergence herbicides and manual weeding .%新中国成立以来,江苏省盐城市盐都区里下河区域草相发生4次大变更,主要恶性杂草变化明显。沤田以眼子菜为主;稻麦连作移栽田人工除草期有稗草、牛毛草、球花碱草等;稻麦连作移栽田化学除草期以稗草为主;稻麦连作直播田有稗草、千金子、马唐、杂草稻等。目前主要防控策略包括土壤封闭、茎叶处理、人工除草等,针对存在的问题提出对策。

  9. Analysis on AIDS epidemic situation in Jinniu district of Chengdu city during 2014%成都市金牛区2014年艾滋病疫情分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙敏; 张冉; 卢秀琼; 傅育嵩; 于彤; 毛丹梅

    2015-01-01

    目的:掌握成都市金牛区艾滋病即获得性免疫缺陷综合征(AIDS)的流行现状,采取措施有效控制疫情扩散。方法采用Excel 2010软件和SPSS20.0统计软件分析2014年该区人类免疫缺陷病毒(HIV)/AIDS病例三间(时间、地区、人群)分布、传播途径、样本来源和流动情况。结果2014年金牛区新发现和现存活HIV/AIDS病例以20~<50岁男性青壮年为主,职业分布以家政、家务及待业人员为主,感染途径以性接触传播为主,样本主要来源于医院检测。2014年新发现HIV/AIDS病例266例,男女比例为8.85∶1,比去年同期增长9.02%,其中AIDS患者88例(33.08%)。2014年现存活HIV/AIDS病例1131例,男女比例为7.83∶1,以城区病例为主,其中AIDS患者450例(39.79%);经性接触传播占92.04%(1041/1131),其中异性传播占46.51%(526/1131),同性传播占45.53%(515/1131)。结论金牛区报告病例增长速度趋于平缓,性接触为主要传播途径,以男性青壮年人群为主,男男性传播比例明显增加,医疗机构已成为主要发现窗口,AIDS由高危人群向一般人群扩散。%Objective To understand the epidemic situation of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in Jinniu district and to take the measures to effectively control the spread of the epidemic situation. Methods The Excel 2010 software and SPSS20.0 statistical software were adopted to analyze the three-dimension(time,area and group) distribution,transmission route,sample source and mobility situation of HIV/AIDS in Jinniu district during 2014. Results The reported and survival pa-tient with HIV/AIDS were mainly young men aged 20-<50 years old,the occupation distribution were mainly housekeeping, housework and job-waiting people,the transmission route was mainly through sexual transmission,the samples were mainly de rived from hospital detection. 266 cases of HIV/AIDS were newly found in 2014,among

  10. 2011-2012年北京市昌平区食品中食源性致病菌污染状况%Status of foodborne pathogens contamination of food in Changping District of Beijing City from 2011-2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    芦丹; 刘国蓉; 金文军; 孙伟; 张海玲

    2013-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the contamination status of foodborne pathogens in main food products in Changping District of Beijing City,to identify the main food that caused the foodborne disease,and predict the foodborne disease.[Methods]From 2011-2012,10 kinds of foodborne pathogens were isolated and identified in 275 samples of 14 kinds of food collected from Changping District.[Results] A total of 17 strains of pathogens (6.18%) were isolated.The polluted status in raw meat and fresh frozen aquatic products were t most serious(20.00%),followed by the raw food animal aquatic products(11.76%).The positive rates of Staphylococcus aureus was 6.93%,that of vibrio parahemolyticus was 1.85%,other pathogenic bacteria were not detected.[Conclusion]Raw meat,fresh frozen aquatic products and raw food animal aquatic products are the main contaminated foods in Changping District of Beijing City.Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio parahemolyticus are the main foodborne pathogens.%目的 了解北京市昌平区主要消费食品中食源性致病菌的污染状况,寻找引起食源性疾病的重点食品,对可能发生的食源性疾病进行预测和预报.方法 2011-2012年采集昌平区市售14类共275件食品样品进行10种食源性致病菌的分离与鉴定.结果 275件样品中共检出致病菌17株,总检出率为6.18%.生肉类和鲜冻水产品污染最为严重(20.00%),其次是生食动物性水产品(11.76%).金黄色葡萄球菌的检出率为6.93%,副溶血性弧菌检出率为1.85%,其他致病菌未检出.结论 生肉类、鲜冻水产品和生食动物性水产品是北京市昌平区市售食品的主要污染品种,金黄色葡萄球菌、副溶血性弧菌是污染食品的主要致病菌.

  11. Analysis of the Morbidity of Obesity and the Effect on Chronic Diseases among Adults in a District,Beijing City%北京市某区成年居民超重现状及其与主要慢性病的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋丽君; 熊维芝; 周桂荣; 庄国良; 叶纯; 王晓波; 杨立新; 王俊仪; 吴妮娜

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To investigate the morbidity of obesity and the effect on chronic diseases among adults in a district of Beijing city ,and to put forward prevention suggestion.Methods Totally 3 602 adults aged 18 to 79 were randomly selected in 9 towns and 4 street of a district. The questionnaire interview ,physical examination and labora-tory tests were carried out on them.Descriptive analysis was used to analyze the prevalence ,and the chi-square test was used to compare the rates.Results The overweight and obesity rate of adult were 37.13% and 16.56% sepa-rately in a district. The prevalence of hypertension ,diabetes ,dyslipidemia ,coronary heart disease and stroke were sig-nificantly higher than the normal population. The overweight rate of male was higher than female ,and that of city population was higher than rural population.Smoking ,overmuch intake of meat and less of exercise were main risk behavior factors of overweight and obesity.Conclusions We need to pay attention to the intervention among 50-69 years old group ,and to strengthen the advocation of healthy lifestyle among urban population and low education groups ,and to strengthen intervention on behavioral risk factors relying on the community.%目的:调查北京市某区成人超重的患病情况,分析超重对该区居民慢性病患病的影响,探讨防治对策与建议。方法抽样调查该区9个乡镇4个街道的3602例成人,包括调查问卷、血生化检测和体格测量,采用描述性分析超重患病情况,率的比较采用χ2检验。结果该区成年人超重率37.13%,肥胖率16.56%。超重患者的高血压、糖尿病、血脂异常、冠心病和脑卒中的患病率均明显高于正常人群。超重率男性高于女性,城市高于农村,文化程度越低的超重和肥胖率越高。吸烟、红肉摄入较多和运动较少是主要的行为风险因素。结论需要重视对50~69岁中老年等重点人群的干预,加强对城市人

  12. 武汉市江汉区婴幼儿体格发育现状及影响因素分析%Analysis on the current situation and effect factors of physical development of infants in Hanjiang District of Wuhan city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋蔚蔚; 熊超; 张清凯; 张静

    2011-01-01

    目的:了解武汉市江汉区婴幼儿体格发育状况及影响因素.方法:整群随机抽取武汉市江汉区2个社区婴幼儿为调查对象,测量体重和身高,并对其抚养人进行问卷调查.结果:共调查720例婴幼儿,其中男373例(51.81%),女347例(48.19%);4个月内母乳喂养率为72.50%,4~6个月食物转换率为84.17%; 1~3月龄,4~6月龄,12~15月龄和21~30月龄组婴幼儿年龄别身长低于2005年中国九市儿调标准,24月以下婴幼儿年龄别体重高于中国九市儿调标准.多因素分析结果显示,月龄、性别、出生身长、出生体重、家长文化程度、家庭经济水平、主要看护人和营养补充剂添加情况与婴幼儿生长发育相关;4个月内母乳喂养婴儿较非母乳喂养婴儿体重轻.结论:武汉市江汉区婴幼儿体重发育水平较好而身长发育相对不足.体格发育受出生情况、喂养状况和家庭经济文化水平影响,需采取综合干预措施促进婴幼儿体格协调发育.%Objective: To understand the situation and effect factors of physical development of infants in Hanjiang District of Wuhan city. Methods; Cluster random sampling method was used to select the infants from two communities of Jianghan District as study objects. Their body heights and body weights were measured, and their caregivers were surveyed by a questionnaire. Results; 720 infants were investigated totally, including 373 boys (51.81%) and 347 girls (48. 19%) . The breastfeeding rate within 4 months after birth was 72. 50% , and 84. 17% of them added complement food at 4 ~6 months after birth. The body heights of infants in 1 -3 - month group, 4 -6 - month group, 12 ~ 15 - month group and 21 - 30 - month group were lower than Chinese nine municipal standard published in 2005, and the body weights of infants under 24 months were higher than Chinese nine municipal standard published in 2005. The result of multivariate analysis showed that age, gender

  13. Charter and Direct Run Schools of the Recovery School District (RSD) and Orleans Parish School Board (OPSB) Comparison of High Stakes Tests and Dropout Rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andry, Beverly Guillory

    2011-01-01

    The city of New Orleans has embarked on an historic experiment reinventing its schools--once considered among the worst in the country--from a centralized, single district model of education to a two district model in which both the Recovery School District (RSD) and the preexisting Orleans Parish School Board (OPSB) both operate direct run and…

  14. District cool water distribution; Reseau urbain et distribution d`eau glacee

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schabaillie, D. [Ste Climespace (France)

    1997-12-31

    The city of Paris has developed several district cool water distribution networks (Climespace) for air conditioning purposes, one in the Halles district (central Paris) linked with the Louvre museum, one in the Opera district (with large department stores) and one in the east of paris (Bercy). Each of these networks has a cool water production plant, the one at the Halles producing also hot water and safety electric power. The characteristics of the equipment (heat pumps, refrigerating machinery, storage...) are described. The pipes are laid in the city sewage network, and the cool carrier is water. The various networks are centrally supervised at the Halles center

  15. 新乡市卫滨区1~7岁儿童龋病及相关因素调查%Research on caries and related factors among 1-7 years old children in Weibin District of Xinxiang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕广霞; 吴苏豫; 梁蒙; 张诚忠; 闫晴

    2013-01-01

    目的 通过了解新乡市乳牙患龋现况并分析患龋相关因素,为制定儿童口腔保健措施提供依据.方法 对新乡市卫滨区辖区内所有1~7岁儿童共计6 266名进行全面体格检查,同时依据儿童系统保健手册进行调查,对龋病相关因素进行分析.结果 新乡市1~7岁儿童患龋率为23.64%(1 481/6 266),2~4岁显著增高(P<0.001);患者龋均为3.41±2.15,从3~5岁显著增高(P =0.001).佝偻病、缺铁性贫血、饮食习惯及口腔卫生习惯与乳牙患龋率明显相关(P<0.01).结论 龋齿的防治应从儿童出牙时开始,同时与营养性疾病的防治及健康教育相结合.%[Objective] To understand the status of caries? in? primary teeth in Xinxiang City,analyze the related factors,and provide the basis for making children's oral health strategy.[Methods] All of 6 266 children aged 1-7 years old in Weibin District of Xinxiang City received a comprehensive physical examination.At the same time,an investigation was conducted according to the Children's health care manual,so as to analyze the related factors.[Results] The caries prevalence rate of children aged 1-7 years old in Weibin District of Xinxiang City was 23.64% (1 481/6 266),and that in 2-4 year-old age group was higher significantly (P < 0.001).The average caries was 3.41 ± 2.15,and that in 3-5 year-old age group was higher significantly (P =0.001).The rickets,iron deficiency anemia,diet habit and oral hygiene habits had significant relationship with the prevalence rate of caries in primary teeth (P < 0.001).[Conclusion] Combined with the nutritional disease prevention and health education,it is necessary to carry out the prevention and control of dental caries from the beginning of teething.

  16. Raffles City

    OpenAIRE

    Alsop, Will

    2009-01-01

    Alsop Architects was commissioned to design a multi-purpose complex on one of Beijing's most important crossroads at the heart of its developing business district. Comprising retail, office and residential / hotel spaces, the design and development challenge of the project centred upon providing distinctly determined and purposed spaces whilst creating an open and free-flowing series of interconnected and compelling environments. The complex provides three distinct but interconnected comp...

  17. 2008-2010年茂名市茂南区甲类和乙类传染病疫情分析%Analysis on epidemic situation of category A and B infectious diseases in Maonan District of Maoming City 2008-2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林坤立; 谢东生; 陈金玲; 陈彩燕; 倪玉飘

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To analyze the epidemic situation of category A and B infectious diseases in Maonan District of Maoming City during 200S-2010, provide the reference for developing the measures of infectious disease prevention and control by predicting trends. [Methods] With descriptive epidemiological method, the epidemic data of category A and B infectious diseases in Maonan District during 2008-2010 were analyzed. [Results] During 2008-2010, there was no category A infectious disease report in Maonan District, and 3 264 cases of 13 kinds of category B infectious diseases were reported. The incidence in 2008 was the highest (282.05/lakh), and that in 2009 was the lowest (226.14/lakh). The top 7 infectious disease in incidence were tuberculosis, syphilis, hepatitis, measles, gonorrhea, dysentery and influenza A (HIM). [Conclusion]The incidence of respiratory infectious diseases has decreased year by year. The incidences of intestinal infectious diseases and arbo infectious diseases are unsteady. The incidences of blood-borne infectious diseases and sexually transmitted diseases increase year by year. At present, the main infectious diseases to harm peoples health in Maonan District are tuberculosis, syphilis, hepatitis, measles and so on.%目的 分析广东省茂名市茂南区2008-2010年甲、乙类传染病疫情动态.通过预测流行趋势为制定传染病预防控制工作提供参考.方法 采用描述流行病学分析方法,对2008-2010年茂南区甲、乙类传染病疫情资料进行分析.结果 2008-2010年茂南区无甲类传染病报告,乙类传染病报告13种3 264例,2008年发病率最高,为282.05/10万;2009年发病率最低为226.14/10万;发病率居前7位的传染病依次为肺结核、梅毒、病毒性肝炎、麻疹、淋病、痢疾、甲型H1N1流感.结论 呼吸道传染病的发病率呈逐年下降的趋势,肠道传染病和虫媒传染病的发病率时高时低,血源及性传播传染病的发病率呈逐年上升趋

  18. City Branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trads, Søren Frimann; Stigel, Jørgen

    2006-01-01

    Succesful corporate branding requires that questions related to communication, publicity, and organizational structures are adressed. An uncritical adoption of approaches known from tradition product branding will inevitable give problems as the properties of tangible commodities and services with...... potential visitors, problems seem to multiply in what has becom known as city branding. This analysis of the communicational aspects of two Danish provincial towns´ branding efforts examines both their internally and externally directed communication. It demonstrates that an insufficient understanding of...... - or willingness to face - these differences will inevitably hamper such branding efforts because of the consequential inconsistencies. Finally, paths to more effective city branding are indicated...

  19. Soft Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brix, Anders; Yoneda, Akira; Nakamura, Kiyoshi

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a project exploring sustainable ways of urban living. The project renders a scenario comprised of an array of simple conversions of existing urban spaces and buildings, in the attempt to tie strategies ranging from urban planning to interior design into a coherent vision of a...... sustainable future. The project is the result of a joint research study between Denmark and Japan. Taking as its example the city of Kyoto, the project investigates some possible strategies on how cities more generally may be transformed into liveable, healthy and ecologically sensible environments....

  20. City 2020+

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, C.; Buttstädt, M.; Merbitz, H.; Sachsen, T.; Ketzler, G.; Michael, S.; Klemme, M.; Dott, W.; Selle, K.; Hofmeister, H.

    2010-09-01

    This research initiative CITY 2020+ assesses the risks and opportunities for residents in urban built environments under projected demographic and climate change for the year 2020 and beyond, using the City of Aachen as a case study. CITY 2020+ develops scenarios, options and tools for planning and developing sustainable future city structures. We investigate how urban environment, political structure and residential behavior can best be adapted, with attention to the interactions among structural, political, and sociological configurations and with their consequences on human health. Demographers project that in the EU-25-States by 2050, approximately 30% of the population will be over age 65. Also by 2050, average tem¬peratures are projected to rise by 1 to 2 K. Combined, Europe can expect enhanced thermal stress and higher levels of particulate matter. CITY 2020+ amongst other sub-projects includes research project dealing with (1) a micro-scale assessment of blockages to low-level cold-air drainage flow into the city centre by vegetation and building structures, (2) a detailed analysis of the change of probability density functions related to the occurrence of heat waves during summer and the spatial and temporal structure of the urban heat island (UHI) (3) a meso-scale analysis of particulate matter (PM) concentrations depending on topography, local meteorological conditions and synoptic-scale weather patterns. First results will be presented specifically from sub-projects related to vegetation barriers within cold air drainage, the assessment of the UHI and the temporal and spatial pattern of PM loadings in the city centre. The analysis of the cold air drainage flow is investigated in two consecutive years with a clearing of vegetation stands in the beginning of the second year early in 2010. The spatial pattern of the UHI and its possible enhancement by climate change is addressed employing a unique setup using GPS devices and temperature probes fixed to

  1. 新排水防涝标准下山地城市排水防涝规划研究%Drainage Scheme of the Old City in Yunyang County of Hubei Province in the North Water Diversion Water District

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈威; 糜宁; 宋琨

    2015-01-01

    For the issue of urban waterlogging disasters ,some progress in urban drainage waterlogging has been made under the guid‐ance of Code for Design of Outdoor Wastewater Engineering and City Rainwater Drainage Waterlogging Integrated Planning Outline . The old town of rainstorm waterlogging disasters is the object for the study ,which is water logging‐prone areas .Hydrodynamic cal‐culation software‐MIKE FLOOD is used to build models ,simulate all aspects of rainfall to drainage flood in the area .In accordance with the model results ,SWMM software is combined with low‐impact development concepts and a more reasonable waterlogging pre‐vention program has been obtained .%针对城市内涝灾害频发问题,在新修编的《室外排水设计规范》与城市排水(雨水)防涝规划编制大纲等文件的指导下,我国城市排水防涝工作已取得一定进展;以暴雨内涝灾害频发的湖北郧县(现已更名为十堰市郧阳区)老城区为研究对象,运用MIKE FLOOD水动力学计算软件构建模型,模拟区域降雨到排水行洪的各个环节,实现积水淹没模拟计算结果的可视化,并基于最新的排水防涝标准,根据模型研究结果结合SWM M 软件与低冲击开发理念得出较为合理的内涝防治方案。

  2. 北京市石景山区中学生超重肥胖现状及影响因素%Study on obesity and overweight and influencing factors among middle school students in Shijingshan District,Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史平; 王丹; 杜鹏; 刘敏

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解北京市石景山区中学生超重肥胖状况及其影响因素,为中学生超重肥胖的预防与干预措施提供依据.方法 采用多阶段整群随机抽样的方法,抽取北京市石景山区1240名中学生,进行超重肥胖流行状况调查,并对相关因素进行分析.结果 在有效应答的1232名学生中,超重学生有126人,超重率10.23%;肥胖学生有99人,肥胖患病率8.03%,超重肥胖共发生225人,检出率为18.26%.高中男生(8.33%)肥胖率明显高于高中女生(5.74%),超重(26.19%)和肥胖(21.21%)及运动锻炼60 min以上≥3d/周的比例明显低于正常组(51.64%),以上差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).Logistic回归分析结果显示,运动锻炼60 min以上<3d/周(OR =6.92)、使用计算机时间每天超过2h(OR =6.55)、经常吃路边摊(OR=5.65)、每天看电视超过2h(OR=4.30)、每天玩电子游戏超过2 h(OR =3.88)、经常吃油炸食品(OR=1.86)和甜点(OR=1.54)等是中学生超重肥胖的影响因素.结论 儿童青少年存在着程度不同静态生活方式和的不良饮食行为和饮食习惯,是引起超重肥胖的危险因素.%Objective To understand the current status of obesity and overweight and its influencing factors among middle school students in Shijingshan. District, and to provide basis for appropriate prevention and intervention methods of obesity and overweight. Methods Multi-stage cluster random sampling was used to select 1240 middle school students in Shijingshan District, and status study wad applied to investigate the epidemic situation of obesity and overweight and the in-fluencing factors. Results In the 1232 effective response students, 126 overweight students were found, the rate of over-weight was 10.23% ; 99 obese students were found, the prevalence of obesity was 8.03% , there were 225 overweight students, the detection rate was 18.26%. The high school boy' obesity rate (8. 33% ) was significantly higher than the girls' (5

  3. INVESTIGATION ON THE STATUS OF SOIL BORNE NEMATODE DISEASE IN YANQING DISTRICT OF BEIJING CITY%北京市延庆区土源性线虫病现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张曙光; 田丽丽; 万帝; 张镇权; 娄畅; 张英英; 刘书平

    2016-01-01

    了解北京市延庆区土源性线虫感染现状,并对居民土源性线虫感染相关知识的认知、行为、态度进行调查。根据地形、经济水平、行政区划等综合情况,按照分层随机抽样原则首先抽取4个乡(镇),每个乡(镇)抽取1个村调查居民250人,同时采集便标本,采用改良加藤厚涂片法( Kato⁃Katz法)检测肠道蠕虫卵(蛔虫卵、鞭虫卵、钩虫卵),用试管滤纸培养法鉴别钩虫虫种,3~6岁儿童采用透明胶纸肛拭法,检查蛲虫虫卵。结果共调查居民1000名,检出蛔虫卵1例,蛔虫感染率为0�1%,未检出其他虫卵。被调查居民中,58�60%听说过土源性线虫,知道蛔虫、鞭虫感染途径者占30�20%,3�80%的调查对象知道钩虫感染途径,50�20%知道寄生虫能对人造成危害,42�90%知道如何预防寄生虫病。能做到饭前便后洗手者占91�70%,26�70%有饮用生水习惯,7�40%用新鲜粪便施肥,1�2%赤脚下地劳动。在就诊意向方面,愿意花钱购买驱虫药服用者占98�10%,70�40%愿意改掉寄生虫感染风险不良行为习惯。延庆区居民对土源性线虫防治的健康行为持有率还有待进一步提高,应继续加强对高危人群的健康教育。%To explore the soil⁃transmitted nematodes infection status in Yanqing District of Beijing, and their cognition, behavior, attitude in the residents. The subjects were selected, according to the terrain, economic level, administrative division. 4 towns were selected, 250 villagers in each town, by using stratified random sampling method. The stool specimens were collected. The Kato Katz method was used to detect helminth eggs ( roundworm eggs, whipworm eggs and hookworm eggs) . The test tube filter paper culture method was used to determine the hookworm species. The cellophane tape anal swab method was used to examine pinworm eggs for 3 to 6 years

  4. Analysis on health literacy at monitoring places in Qingpu District of Shanghai City in 2009%2009年上海市青浦区健康素养监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢灿广; 彭丽霞; 郁唏; 叶开友; 史慧静

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand the health literacy status at the monitoring places such as communities, enterprises, and public places in Qingpu District, and to provide evidence for the government to make decisions and develop related interventions. Methods Participants from communities, enterprises and public places were investigated to understand their health literacy knowledge. The multistage-stratified-cluster sampling method was used in this study. All the analyses were executed by SPSS 16.0, T-test was used to compare the mesns of different groups. Results The average accuracy rate was 63. 74% among 830 participants regarding health literacy relating to knowledge, belief ( 18. 01 ±4. 01 ), behaviors (7. 96 ± 1.85) and skills (6. 53 ±2. 44). There was statistical significance in the mean differences in health literacy knowledge within groups categorized respectively by places, age, or educational levels (P < 0. 01 ) except for sex ( P > 0. 05).While there was statistical significance in basic health literacy between communities and enterprises (P < 0. 01 ), also between communities and public places (P <0. 01 ), there was no statistical significance between enterprises and public places (P > 0. 05). Conclusion The health literacy status within monitoring places was significantly associated with factors such as age, educational level, and so on. So different inventions should be taken according to places and situations, in order to improve people' s health literacy, and promote people' s health literacy status in Qingpu District.%目的 了解上海市青浦区社区、企业和公共场所健康素养状况,为政府决策和制定健康素养干预措施提供依据.方法 在青蒲区社区、企业和公共场所监测点随机抽取部分人员作为调查对象,进行健康素养知识监测.采用多阶段分层、整群抽样的抽样方法,用SPSS 16.0进行数据分析,均数的比较采用t检验.结果 830名调查对象的健

  5. The Survey on the Status of Social Support of Advanced Age Elderly People Living Alone in Qilin District of Qujing City--Taking Qujing City of Yunnan Province as an Example%曲靖市麒麟区高龄独居老人社会支持状况调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈习琼

    2014-01-01

    了解麒麟区高龄独居老人社会支持状况。采用一般资料问卷和社会支持评定量表进行调查,数据采用SPSS分析处理。社会支持在不同性别、不同年龄段、不同文化程度方面无显著差异(P>0.05),社会支持随月收入的增加而显著增高(P<0.01),有照料人员的老人社会支持显著高于无照料人员的老人(P<0.01)。麒麟区高龄独居老人社会支持水平总体低,完善独居老人社会支持体系,提高独居老人社会支持水平,将有利于促进独居老人晚年生活质量的提升。%In order to understand the Qilin district social support status of the advanced age elderly living alone. By using social support rating scale (SSRS) and the general information questionnaire to investigate in Qilin district, the survey data using SPSS 13 Analysis. The social support of elderly people living alone had no significant difference in different gender, different age, different educational level(P>0.05). Social support was significantly increased with the increase of income (P<0.01). Have a care per-sonnel solitary old social support significantly than non caregivers of elderly people living alone(P<0.01). Qilin district advanced age elderly social support level is low in general, perfect the elderly social support system, improve the level of social support of el-derly people living alone, will help promote the quality of life of the elderly living alone increase.

  6. Fun City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Once the blues guitarist B.B. King sang that when he "didn't wanna live no more", he would go shopping instead. Now, however, shopping has become a lifestyle... The city of today has become "Disneyfied" and "Tivolized". It has become a scene for events. The aim of the book is to encircle and pin ...

  7. City Geology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markle, Sandra

    1989-01-01

    This article provides information on the evolution of the building material, concrete, and suggests hands-on activities that allow students to experience concrete's qualities, test the heat absorbency of various ground surface materials, discover how an area's geology changes, and search for city fossils. A reproducible activity sheet is included.…

  8. Analysis of influencing factors of maternal mortality in Huadu district of Guangzhou city during 2000~2013%2000~2013年广州市花都区孕产妇死亡影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍军平; 温金兰; 张金陶; 黄婉平; 钟景如; 黄月甜

    2014-01-01

    Objective To analyze the influencing factors and propose intervention measures for reducing maternal mortality. Methods Data of maternal death reports, verification and investigation reports, summary of medical records, death reviews in Huadu District of Guangzhou from 2000 to 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Results 65 cases of maternal death in the 14 years with maternal mortality rate of 21. 73/105 in the average household population and 38. 45/105 in the whole population respectively. The maternal mortality rate declined by years, especially that of floating population. The top three causes of maternal death are amniotic fluid embolism, postpartum hemorrhage and hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy. Postpartum hemorrhage and amniotic fluid embolism involved in illegal deliveries were the main causes of maternal mortality in 2008 and previously. Maternal mortality increased after 2008 caused by pregnancy combined with internal diseases. Conclusions Maternal mortality is affected by medical and social factors. In order to reduce the maternal mortality, firstly is to strengthen the management of pregnancy of floating population and to prevent illegal delivery; secondly is to reinforce the treatment of maternal with emergency and severe diseases, and to improve the diagnosis and treatment of ectopic pregnancy.%目的:分析影响孕产妇死亡的相关因素,为降低孕产妇死亡率提出干预措施建议。方法回顾性分析广州市花都区2000~2013年孕产妇死亡报表、核实调查报告、病历及死亡评审资料。结果14年中孕产妇死亡65例,平均孕产妇死亡率户籍人口为21.73/10万,全人口为38.45/10万。近14年孕产妇死亡率逐年下降,尤其是流动人口孕产妇死亡率明显降低。死因顺位前3位依次为羊水栓塞、产后出血和妊娠期高血压疾病。2008年及以前涉及非法接生引起的产后出血和羊水栓塞是孕产妇死亡的主要原因,2008年后妊娠合并内科

  9. Voluntary counseling and test for HIV in Longgang district of Shenzhen city, 2009%2009年广东省深圳市龙岗区艾滋病自愿咨询检测情况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃佩兰; 蓝伟; 龙清平; 刘渠; 李晓霞; 王兰; 王开亮; 孙玉芳; 黄映淮; 殷志坚

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand the performance of voluntary counseling and test (VCT) on HIV/AIDS in Longgang district in Shenzhen in 2009 and provide evidence for the prevention and control of HIV/AIDS. Methods The questionnaire survey was conducted among the 2708 people seeking medical advice in the voluntary counseling clinics in Longgang in Shenshen in 2009 to collect their information about demography reason for counseling and risk behaviors, and their HIV infection status were analyzed. Resuits The HIV positive rate was 0. 4% among the 2078 persons receiving medical advice and care in the VCT clinics for HIV in Longgang, and most of them were young adults aged 19 -40 years. The gender ratio of these people was 1:2. 73. Most inquiring was about heterosexual contact, but the HIV infection rate in men having sex with men was highest ( 13. 3% ). The HIV positive cases detected by VCT only accounted for 7. 9% of the total HIV positive cases detected in this area (12/151). Conclusion More people, especially females, are willing to receive VCT for HIV as the importance of the program had been widely recognized. It is necessary to strengthen the intervention and detection among the high risk population to reduce the secondary transmission of HIV.%目的 了解广东省深圳市龙岗区2009年艾滋病自愿咨询检测(VCT)情况,为该区艾滋病预防控制工作提供参考资料.方法 对2009年前来深圳市龙岗区辖区内VCT门诊求询的2708名求询者进行问卷调查,收集社会人口学特征、求询原因及危险行为等信息,并对其中HIV抗体的检测情况进行分析.结果 2009年到深圳市龙岗区各VCT门诊的求询者共2708人次,HIV抗体阳性12例,总阳性率为0.4%.求询者以19~40岁青壮年为主,男女性检测比为1:2.73.求询者类型以异性性接触为主,但同性性接触者HIV抗体阳性率最高,达13.3%.全年通过VCT发现的HIV抗体阳性仅占辖区HIV/AIDS发现数的7.9%(12/151).结论 随着

  10. Investigation on Health Risk Behaviors among Middle School Students in Shunyi District of Beijing City%北京市顺义区中学生健康危险行为现状调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张立敏; 李玉堂; 赵瑞兰; 张克深; 杨合; 于金龙

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective] To understand the epidemic situation of health risk behaviors among middle school students in Shunyi District, such as unintentional injury, smoking, drinking, unhealthy diet habit, physical exercise, internet addiction, gambling, and early unsafe sexual behavior, etc. [Methods] A self-designed questionnaire for health-related behavior was adopted to investigate students from 3 secondary schools, 5 high schools and 1 vocational high school。 [ Results] In our study, 37.3% students had had unlawful practice on bike in past 30 d, 14.2% had played roller-skating and skating on board without protective gear; 12.1% had thought of suicide during the past 12 months, 6.9% had a suicide plan; 26.2% had tried smoking; 52.3% had tried drinking. In the first week of investigation, 30.8% pupils had been to western fast food restaurant; 18.2% had more than 4 hours games play for each day, 12% had network addiction and 4.8% had sex behavior with others. [ Conclusion] Health risk behavior is different between different schools and students of different gender. It is necessary to develop healthy education based on existence skill in school timely and effectively so as to help students to develop a good habit of living.%目的:了解北京市顺义区中学生意外伤害、吸烟、饮酒、不良饮食习惯及体育锻炼、网络成瘾和赌博、过早的不安全的性行为等方面的健康危险行为流行现状.方法,2010年4月,选取顺义区3所中学、5所高中和1所职业高中学生进行问卷调查,采用自己设计的初中生、高中生健康相关行为问卷.结果:调查中有37.3%的学生在过去30 d内有骑自行车违规行为,经常在玩滚轴溜冰、滑板车等时不戴保护装备的比例达14.2%;在过去12个月里,12.1%的学生有过自杀意念,6.9%有过自杀计划;有26.2%的学生尝试过吸烟;有52.3%学生尝试饮酒;在调查前1周里,有30.8%的学生在西式快餐店吃过饭,有18.2%的

  11. 淄博市淄川区2008-2010年各类桶装饮用水的卫生状况%Sanitary Status of Various Types of Bottled Drinking Water in Zichuan District of Zibo City during 2008-2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高瑞云

    2011-01-01

    目的 对淄博市淄川区2008-2010年各类桶装饮用水进行采样检测,了解各类桶装饮用水卫生状况,分析存在的问题,提高各类桶装饮用水卫生质量.方法 按照GB 8537-2008、GB 17324-2003、GB 19298-2003,进行采样检测和评价.结果 矿泉水合格率为91.4%,纯净水合格率为88.5%,桶装饮用水合格率为69.7%.结论 淄川区各类桶装饮用水合格率均有待提高,应加强食品安全法执法力度,规范各类桶装饮用水的生产经营,使各类桶装饮用水符合卫生要求.%[ Objective] To sample and test various types of bottled drinking water in Zichuan district of Zibo city during 2008 -2010, learn the sanitary status of bottled drinking water, analyze the problems, so as to improve the sanitary quality of bottled drinking water. [ Methods] The sampling, test and evaluation were conducted according to the Hygienic standard for drinking natural mineral water ( GB 8537 - 2008 ), Hygienic standard for bottled pure drinking water ( GB 17324-2003 ) and the Hygienic standard of bottled water for drinking (GB 19298-2003 ). [Results] The qualified rate of mineral water, pure water and bottled drinking water was 91.4%, 88.5% and 69.7%, respectively. [Conclusion]The qualified rate of various types of bottled drinking water in Zichuan district needs to be improved. It is important to strengthen the enforcement of food safety law, regulate the production and management of various types of bottled drinking water, so as to meet the health requirements.

  12. Analysis on Monitoring Results of Illness-induced Absence in Primary and Secondary School Students in Futian District of Shenzhen City from 2011 to 2012%2011-2012年深圳市福田区中小学生因病缺课监测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玥; 杨梅; 邓凯杰; 陈网旋

    2013-01-01

    Objective To analyze the status of illness - induced absence among primary and secondary school students in Futian District of Shenzhen City so as to provide evidences for developing the effective intervention measures. Methods We analyzed the data collected from the Students' Health Surveillance Information System in Futian District from 2011 to 2012. Results The rates of absence from class due to illness in primary school, junior middle school and senior high school were 18.021%, 23.312% and 13.940%, respectively. The differences among them were statistically significant (χ2 =533. 968, P <0.01). The rate of absence from class due to illness was higher in girls than in boys, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2 = 5.356, P<0.05). The main reasons for illness- induced school absence were cold, gastrointestinal disease and accidental injuries. Conclusions More efforts should be made to control and prevent respiratory diseases, gastrointestinal diseases and accidental injuries in schools.%目的 分析福田区中小学生因病缺课情况,为提出有效防控措施提供依据. 方法 对2011-2012年深圳市福田区“学生健康监测信息系统”监测数据进行分析. 结果 小学、初中和高中因病缺课率为18.021%、23.312%和13.940%,差异有统计学意义(x2=533.968,P<0.01).女生因病缺课率高于男生,男女生因病缺课率差异有统计学意义(x2=5.356,P<0.05).因病缺课的主要病因是感冒、胃肠道疾病、意外伤害. 结论 呼吸道传染病、胃肠道疾病和意外伤害是学校疾病防控的重点.

  13. 深圳市福田区涉大场馆、酒店卫生状况及干预效果分析%Analysis on hygienic situation and intervention effect of Universiade venues and reception hotels in Futian district, Shenzhen city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林奕芝; 程慧; 杨梅; 李玥; 黄慧萍

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To understand the hygienic situation and the intervention effect of Universiade venues and hotels in Futian district, Shenzhen city. Methods; Sampling and examination were carried out according to standard methods. Feedback of disqualification items would timely be given to Health Bureau of district, Health Supervision Institute and inspected units. Persons in charge of the units would be trained and supervised, and disqualification i-tems would be re - examined after modification and intervention effects would be evaluated. Results: At the first time, pass rates of tea set, articles in public place and condensed water were 100% , while drinking water, cooling water and indoor air were unqualified to varying degrees. In re - examination after intervention, all samples determined were qualified except for two samples of secondary water. Conclusion:Shenzhen universiade venues and hotels have been paid high attention on existing hygiene problems, cleaning and disinfection for each link including drinking water and central condition system were strengthened, intervention effect was satisfying.%目的:了解深圳市福田区涉大场馆、酒店卫生状况及干预效果.方法:按标准方法进行采样和检测,对检测不合格的项目及时反馈给区卫人局、监督所和受检单位,并对受检单位负责人进行培训和督导,不合格项目待责任单位整改后进行复测,评价干预效果.结果:初次监测,茶具、公共用具、冷凝水合格率100%,饮用水、空调冷却水、空气存在不同程度的不合格;干预后复测,除2份二次供水仍不合格外,其他样品全部合格.结论:深圳市福田区涉大场馆、酒店高度重视存在的卫生问题,加强了饮用水、集中空调通风系统各环节的清洁和消毒工作,干预效果满意.

  14. Monitoring results of immunization successful rate of measles and rubella combined vaccine in Daxingin District of Beijing City in 2011%2011年北京市大兴区麻风疫苗基础免疫成功率监测结果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐金凤; 侯文俊

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To know the immunization effect of measles and rubella combined vaccine on 8 -month-old infants in Daxin-gin District of Beijing City in 2011, ,and provide a basis for immunization strategy. [Methods]The serum samples of 8 -month-old infants were collected before and 1 month after immunization of measles and rubella combined vaccine, then the IgG antibody of measles and rubella were detected- [ Results ] After immunization , the positive rate of measles antibody was 100% , and GMT reached 1 : 1385. 52; 33 cases were rubella IgG positive with the positive rate of 82. 5% , and GMT reached 1: 31.18. [ Conclusion]The immunogenicity of measles ingredient in current measles and rubella combined vaccine is good in this district, but the effect of rubella ingredient is not so good. Therefore, revaccination is necessary.%目的 了解北京市大兴区2011年8月龄儿童接种麻疹风疹联合减毒活疫苗(简称麻风疫苗)后的免疫效果,为制定麻疹免疫策略提供依据.方法 采集40名8月龄儿童麻风疫苗免疫前、免疫后1个月双份血标本,分别进行麻疹、风疹IgG抗体测定.结果 免后麻疹抗体阳性40人,阳性率100%,GMT 1∶1 385.52;风疹抗体阳性33人,阳性率82.50%,GMT1∶31.18.结论 该区现行的麻风疫苗所包含的麻疹成分免疫原性好,风疹成分免疫效果较差,应进行风疹疫苗复种弥补.

  15. Quantitative and qualitative characteristics of greenery in suburban residential districts of Metro Manila

    OpenAIRE

    Hara, Yuji; OGASAWARA, Taku; PALIJON, Armando M.; Takeuchi, Kazuhiko

    2007-01-01

    This case study was conducted to better understand the present situation of urban greenery in Marikina City, in the suburbs of metropolitan Manila, a typical large Asian city. A vegetation survey was conducted in residential districts of Marikina City, and the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of trees were analyzed. Lot size had some influence on the quantity of greenery in residential lots. In smaller lots, however, quantity did not increase in proportion to lot size. It appears,...

  16. Observations on nomadic trends in Bahawalpur City of Pakistan with reference to meat and milk production

    OpenAIRE

    H. R. Chaudhry,; H. B. Rashid,; Mamoona Chaudhry,; H. Abdus Samad,; Mushtaq Aziz,; M. Alam Sabri,; Taslim Ghaouri; Abdul Qayyum

    2011-01-01

    Bahawalpur City a booming and well furnished city of Bahawalpur District lying adjunct to the border of the Cholistan desert. A relatively small and economical City of Pakistan, furnished by almost all facilities of daily life. Shepherds and nomads usually migrate from nearby Cholistan desert. This study encompasses those shepherds and nomads who keep sheep and goats for their livelihood. There are about 200 such families currently operating in the suburbs of the City. They own sheep and goat...

  17. The Tourism Development and Property Market in Historical Area- Evidence of Tainan City

    OpenAIRE

    Y. L. Lee; Yeh, K Y; Huang, T. C.

    2001-01-01

    The property markets in a traditional cultural city are difficult to develop by market mechanism. It is important to make a balance between urban development and tradition conservation in a fast growing cultural city. Tainan City located in the southern part of Taiwan is the earliest developed district. There are affluent cultural assets around the city and are meaningful for all residents. And we would like to take a clear look at the effects of all the cultural assets, especially regarding ...

  18. Groundwater Managment Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Kansas Data Access and Support Center — This dataset outlines the location of the five Groundwater Management Districts in Kansas. GMDs are locally formed and elected boards for regional groundwater...

  19. NM School District Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The dataset represents the boundaries of all public school districts in the state of New Mexico. The source for the data layer is the New Mexico Public Education...

  20. NM Property Tax Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This layer represents boundaries for New Mexico tax district "OUT" categories and incorporated/municipal "IN" categories as identified on the "Certificate of Tax...

  1. 北京市东城区2010年食品微生物污染状况分析%Analysis on Contamination Status of Food with Microorganism in Dongcheng District of Beijing City in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪静; 孙志峰; 段旭; 邱传营

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the microbial contamination in the food of Dongcheng District by continuous and dynamic monitoring in 2010, and to provide the evidence for food safety surveillance. Methods We sampled 11 kinds of food (including 282 samples) in catering units and the circulation field in 2010. Results Among the 282 pieces of food, 142 pieces of food were from catering units. Coliform group was positive in 17 pieces of food collected from catering units, with the positive rate of 11.97%. Staphylococcus aureus was detected in 2 pieces of food in catering units, with the detective rate of 1.4%. 140 pieces of food were from circulation field, coliform group was positive in 1 piece of food in circulation field. From food categories, the detective rate of cooked bean products was the highest (27.5%), followed by bulk ice cream (20.0%), bulk cooked meat products (11.4%), Chinese cold dishes (2.5%), and the difference was statistically significant (x2 = 9.513, P<0.05). From the season, the positive rate of coliform group in summer was the highest, and the difference was statistically significant (x2 = 7.106, P<0.05). As for the grade of restaurant, coliform positive rates of grade A, grade B and grade C restaurants increased in turn, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusions The food hygiene in circulation field is better than that in catering units. The food products which are easy to cause foodborne diseases are cooked bean products, bulk ice cream, bulk cooked meat products and Chinese cold dishes. The food hygiene in summer is more likely to cause food- borne diseases, but food- borne diseases in fall should not be overlooked. The results suggest that the law enforcement agencies strengthen health supervision about key food so as to reduce the risk of foodborne diseases.%目的 通过长期连续、动态的监测,掌握2010年东城区各种食品中微生物的污染状况,为食品安全监管提供依据.方法 对2010年抽

  2. Sustainable Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Georg, Susse; Garza de Linde, Gabriela Lucía

    Judging from the number of communities and cities striving or claiming to be sustainable and how often eco-development is invoked as the means for urban regeneration, it appears that sustainable and eco-development have become “the leading paradigm within urban development” (Whitehead 2003). But......), urban design competitions are understudied mechanisms for bringing about field level changes. Drawing on actor network theory, this paper examines how urban design competitions may bring about changes within the professional field through the use of intermediaries such as a sustainable planning....../assessment tool. The context for our study is urban regeneration in one Danish city, which had been suffering from industrial decline and which is currently investing in establishing a “sustainable city”. Based on this case study we explore how the insights and inspiration evoked in working with the tool...

  3. 我市增城区265例成人精神病患者残疾评定结果分析%Analysis of disability evaluation results in 265 patients with adult psy-chosis in Zengcheng district of our city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高云; 李雪晶; 林杰; 胡建平; 朴轶峰

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the main reasons in disabled with adult psychosis in Zengcheng district of our city, and to propose corresponding suggestions on prevention and treatment. Methods Materials of 341 patients with adult psychosis from 11 towns in Zengcheng district of our city in July 2014 were collected.The disabled grade was evaluated by WHO-DASIIscale(265 cases were evaluated in practice),and were statistically analyzed according to different dis-ability diagnoses,degrees,disease courses and ages.The main causes of disability of these patients were examine. Re-sults Of all the causes of disability,schizophrenia was the leading cause (82.6%),followed by mood disorder (4.5%). 48.3% of these patients were middle-aded,37.7% were young,and 14.0% were old age. Conclusion In order to reduce and relieve psychic disabilities,should strengthen the social psychological health education,enlarge the service area of psychological consulting,strengthen the supervision of drugs and food hygiene,reduce the abuse of active substances,pay attention to prevention and treatment of mental disease,at the same time to enhance rural medical care input,and to im-prove the diagnosis rate and improvement rate of psychic disability in rural areas.%目的:了解我市增城区成人精神病的主要致残原因,并提出有针对性的预防和治疗建议。方法2014年7月,收集我市增城区11个镇的341例成人精神病患者的相关资料,采用世界卫生组织残疾评定量表(WHO-DAS域)进行残疾等级评定(实际完成精神病残疾评定265例),按照残疾诊断、程度、病程及年龄的不同进行分组统计和分析,考查其主要致残原因。结果所有致残原因中,精神分裂症是最主要的致残原因,占82.6豫,其次是心境障碍,占4.5豫。精神残疾的年龄段分布情况为中年占48.3豫,其次是青年(37.7豫),老年(14.0%)紧跟其后。结论为减少和减轻精神残疾,应

  4. Analysis and Countermeasures to the status of the deciduous teeth caries of the kindergarten chil-dren in Xiangzhou District in Zhuhai City%珠海市香洲区幼儿园儿童乳牙龋病状况分析及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈卫; 齐会陶; 姚成林

    2016-01-01

    目的:调査珠海市香洲区14所幼儿园儿童乳牙龋病状况及其相关影响因素,为幼儿龋病防治工作提供参考。方法采用随机抽样法,抽取1689名幼儿园儿童进行乳牙龋病检査,同时向其家长派发口腔健康调査问卷,对数据进行统计分析。结果本次调查珠海市香洲区吉大街道幼儿园儿童共计1689名,患龋率为59.38%。营养不良儿童的患龋率为75.76%,营养过剩儿童的患龋率为60.75%( P <0.05)。偶尔或从不刷牙91人,患龋率71.73%;经常吃甜食335人,患龋率78.95%;经常喝饮料128人,患龋率74.13%。对影响龋病的因素分析,发现营养状况、刷牙漱口习惯、进食甜食和饮料的频率对幼儿园儿童龋病有明显影响。结论加强对儿童及家长进行口腔保健知识宣传普及,改进儿童的饮食习惯,养成良好的口腔卫生习惯,是预防乳牙龋病发生的有效措施。%Objective To provide the reference for the prevention on dental caries in children. by researching the statuas and the related factors of the deciduous teeth caries of the 14 kindergartens children in Xiangzhou District in Zhuhai City. Methods Extract 1689 kindergarten children to dental caries examination by random sampling method and distribute the o-ral health survey questionnaire to the parents. Then carry on the statistical analysis of the data. Results The survey involved 1689 children in the kindergartens of Jida District in ZhuHai City. The prevalence rate of dental caries was 59. 38%. Child malnutrition rate of dental caries was 75. 76%,the excess nutrient the caries prevalence rate was 60. 75% ( P<0. 0. Occa-sionally or never brush your teeth 91,caries prevalence rate was 71. 73%;335 people often eat sweets,the caries prevalence rate was 78. 95%; 128 people often drink, the caries prevalence rate was 74. 13%. It showed that the nutritional status, brushing and rinsing habits,eating sweets and drinks

  5. Energy supply and urban planning projects: Analysing tensions around district heating provision in a French eco-district

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Through the analysis of energy supply choices, this article explores the way in which energy priorities and their climate-related features are incorporated into urban public policy. These choices must take account of different factors, as is the case with district heating, which is justified as a vehicle of renewable energy while subject to pressure in eco-districts because its techno-economic balances are destabilised by falls in demand. Our study focuses particularly on the city of Metz (France), which has chosen district heating as the primary source for provision for the municipal area and for its first eco-district. We analyse the tensions within these choices, with particular attention to the way in which they are negotiated inside municipal departments and with the local energy operator. This enables us to explore the tensions in defining the scale that governs decisions and the linkages between energy-related and urban priorities. - Highlights: • Analyses of tensions in the choice of energy supplies for eco-districts. •District heating networks can be vehicles of renewable energy. • District heating networks are threatened by drops in energy consumption. • Energy supply issues oppose urban planning and energy policy in municipal departments. • Technical and financial adjustments can be made by the municipality to justify its energy choices

  6. Epidemiological Analysis of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Among Residents in Meilan District of Haikou City in 2011%2011年海口市美兰区居民2型糖尿病流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏真芳; 杨土保

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨海口市美兰区2型糖尿病(T2DM)的流行病学现状并分析其可能危险因素.方法 对美兰区居住≥5年的居民,在社区卫生服务中心慢性病管理系统中采用分层随机抽样,抽取3 000人,查阅健康档案、体检资料、调查问卷资料.采用Excel、Epi Data 3.0录入数据,SPSS17.0软件进行统计分析.结果 T2DM患病率为8.2%(男7.0%,女9.8%),不同人口学特征的人群间、不同体重人群间、不同生化指标人群间其患病率差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01),年龄、BMI、糖尿病家族史、体力活动减少、高血压、高甘油三酯(TG)、高总胆固醇(TC)、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDL-C)低、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(LDL - C)高、向心性肥胖等是T2DM可能危险因素.结论 海口市美兰区居民2011年T2DM现况不容乐观,需要加强三级预防、规范档案管理、定期筛检普通人群和高危人群、健康教育、提高知信行水平、提高病人自我管理能力.%Objective To investigate the epidemiological status of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)in Meilan District of Haikou city and analyze the possible risk factors. Methods A total of 3,000 people were sampled from residents living in Meilan District for no less than 5 years by stratified random sampling and with the help of chronic disease management system in the community health service centers. Their health records, medical examination information, and questionnaire data were investigated. Excel Epi Data and SPSS17 software were used for data entry and statistical analysis. Results The prevalence rate of T2DM was 8.2% (male 7.0% and female 9.8%). It was significantly different among groups with different demographic characteristics, with different weight and different biochemical indices (all P<0.01). Age, BMI, family history of diabetes, reduced physical activity, hypertension, high triglyceride (TG), high total cholesterol (TC), low high - density lipoprotein cholesterol

  7. 上海市金山区幼托机构家长手足口病防治知识、带菌情况及对环境的满意度%Survey of preschool parents about HFMD prevention knowledge, bacteria carrying status and environment satisfaction in Jinshan District of Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊; 朱建明; 李澜; 莫平华; 郭寒蕾

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To understand preschool parents about HFMD related knowledge levels and their HFMD virus carrying status in Jinshan District of Shanghai City, and provide a theoretical basis on preschools for the HFMD management and health education. [Methods] Random cluster sampling method was adopted to select 11 classes in 11 nurseries of parents for the survey in Jinshan District, a total of 455 parents completed valid questionnaires. The survey results were statistically analyzed. [ Results] Parental education was generally low, local parents' education level was higher than the migrant parents. The parents had lower awareness a-bout the HFMD pathogens, transmission, and availability of vaccine. Only 54.73% knew that HFMD mainly caused by the entero-virus (EV71, CoxAl 6) ; the overall awareness of local parents were higher than migrant parents. Most parents formed a healthy life behavior. The carrying rate of virus among parents was 20.00%. Most parents hoped to obtain knowledge about HFMD prevention and treatment through television, Internet and other media. A few parents were not satisfied with living environment, the main reason were the untimely waste disposal. [Conclusion] Preschools parents are lack of HFMD health knowledge in Jinshan District, health education and management should be strengthened, especially for the migrant parents, long-term missionary HFMD prevention and control knowledge should be implemented well.%目的 了解上海市金山区幼托机构家长对手足口病相关知识掌握的现状及家长手足口病病毒的带菌情况.为金山区幼托机构手足口病管理及健康教育提供理论依据.方法 采用随机整群的抽样方法,抽取金山区11所托幼机构中11个班级的家长为调查对象,共对455名家长进行有效问卷调查,并对调查结果进行统计分析.结果 家长的学历普遍较低,其中该地家长学历较外来家长高.家长对手足口病病原体、传播途径和有无疫苗的知

  8. The Age of Environmental Impasse? Globalization and Environmental Transformation of Metropolitan Cities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Melchert Saguas Presas, L.

    2005-01-01

    Metropolitan cities are undergoing a major spatial and environmental transformation. The proliferation of business districts, corporate headquarters and international hotels is prompting a massive verticalization and densification of land use, which is affecting the urban environment and infrastruct

  9. 构筑新时期终身教育体系建设研究--以江苏省苏州市吴中区木渎镇为例%Research on Lifelong Education System Construction in the New Period:Taking Mudu Town of Wuzhong District in Suzhou City of Jiangsu Province as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆继祖

    2014-01-01

    In the promotion of community education at Mudu Town of Wuzhong District in Suzhou City, the education of all kinds of groups of people is regarded as an important part to per-fect the universal and lifelong education system. Through strengthening history and humanism education, civilized quality education, laws and regulations education, environment and e-cology education, social culture education, adult education, pro-fessional technology education,parent-child education, teenagers' ideological and political education, and the education of the el-derly and disabled, the construction of a universal and lifelong e-ducation system and a learning-oriented Mudu is effectively pro-moted.%苏州市吴中区木渎镇在推进全镇社区教育过程中,把抓好各类人群的教育作为完善全民教育、终身教育体系的一个重要环节来抓。通过加强对市民历史人文、文明素质、法律法规、环境生态、社会文化、成人学历、专业技术、亲子、青少年思想道德、老年及残疾人教育,为构建全民终身学习的教育体系、构建学习型木渎起到了积极的推动作用。

  10. 城市形象跨文化传播的策略探究--以佛山市顺德区为例%Tentative Research on the Tactics of Cross-cultural Urban Image Transmission:with Shunde District, Foshan City, Guangdong Province as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宗文

    2014-01-01

    城市形象跨文化传播是一种民族文化之间的交流行为,而正是因为民族文化之间的差异,传播者所传播的城市形象容易受到目标受众认知机制的影响,造成偏差、扭曲、缺失等问题。以避免目标受众的民族中心主义认知为目标,以佛山市顺德区为例试图在民族相对主义的认知环境中进行第三方文化建设,以此传播易为目标受众感知并接受的城市形象。%Cross-cultural transmission of urban image is a communicative act occurring between national cultures. Obvi-ously, because of the differences between national cultures, the urban image conveyed by the transmitter tends to be de-viated, distorted and even defaulted by the cognitive mechanism of the target audience. With Shunde District, Foshan City, Guangdong Province as an example, this tentative research on the tactics of cross-cultural transmission of urban image sets up a target of avoiding the ethnocentric cognition of the target audience, and attempts to build a third culture in the cognitive environment of national relativism so as to make the urban image easily perceived and accepted by the target audience.

  11. On the Cultural Construction for the Disabled of the Urban Communities---Taking Gulou District of Nanjing City for Example%关于城市社区残疾人文化建设的思考--以南京市鼓楼区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯庆琦; 刘丽英

    2014-01-01

    The culture of the disabled is an important part of socialist culture .China’s cultural construction for the disabled is in the initial stage .The development of the community culture for the disabled relatively lags behind .Although it has experienced years of development ,it still can not fully meet the needs of the disabled for the development of their spirit and the protection of their cultural rights .Taking Gulou District of Nanjing City as an example ,this article ,thinking over the cultural construction of the urban communities for the disabled ,brings forth suggestions from four aspects :adhering to the concept of cultural construction by fusion of physical disability and health;building both material and spiritual elements ;nurturing and building professional team ;integrating social re‐sources and jointly building cultural construction .%残疾人文化是社会主义文化的重要组成部分。我国残疾人文化建设处于起步阶段,残疾人社区文化事业的发展相对滞后,虽历经发展,尚不能完全满足残疾人精神发展的需求和文化权利的保障。本文以南京市鼓楼区为例,对城市社区残疾人文化建设,从秉承残健融合的文化建设理念,物质要素与精神要素共建,培养与打造专业精湛队伍,整合社会资源、构筑文化建设合力四个方面进行了深入思考并提出了建议。

  12. 浙江温州市瓯海杨府山土墩墓的年代及相关问题%The Date and Relevant Issues on the Mound Tomb on Yangfu Hill in Ouhai District,Wenzhou City,Zhejiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭适凡; 孙一鸣

    2011-01-01

    The dates and natures of the bronze ritual vessels,musical instruments and weapons unearthed from the mound tomb on Yangfu Hill in Ouhai District,Wenzhou City,Zhejiang are extremely important for the exploration to the interactions and mergence between the cultures and the communications among the ethnic groups in the eastern and western South China.The excavators dated the tomb in the mid Western Zhou Dynasty or later.This paper analyzes the characteristics of the types and decorative patterns of the bronze ding-tripods,gui-tureens,nao-bells and the winged sword with cloud-and-thunder(round and square spiral) patterns one by one;when discussing the large nao-bell as a key artifact, this paper makes comparative analysis and periodization to it and other bronze nao-bells found in other regions within Zhejiang Province.In the conclusion this paper suggests that these bronzes are that of the South China System with strong local features whose dates would be around the transitional period of the Shang and Zhou Dynasties and the terminus ante quem would be the early Western Zhou Dynasty.%2003年,在浙江温州市瓯海杨府山发掘了一座平地掩埋的土墩墓(M1),出土随葬品较为丰富,包括青铜礼乐器、兵器和玉饰品等多达83件。浙东地区发现的土墩墓较少,而该墓的随葬品又如此丰富,

  13. 乌鲁木齐市水磨沟区霍乱弧菌分离株脉冲场凝胶电泳分析%Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of Vibrio cholerae isolates from the Shuimogou District of the City of Urumqi,Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁晓英; 樊于生

    2012-01-01

    [目的]了解新疆乌鲁木齐市水磨沟区相关年份霍乱弧菌分离株分子分型特征和遗传相关性.[方法]用脉冲场凝胶电泳(PFGE)对霍乱菌株进行分子分型,用BioNumericsV4.0软件UPGMA方法进行聚类分析.[结果]54株受试菌以NotI酶切后分为34个型,除1998023、2001009、2006010、1998160外,其他菌株带型高度相似(相似系数0.98),不同年份分离菌株型别不相同.[结论]乌鲁木齐水磨沟区霍乱弧菌可能含有多个克隆系,且分离出的霍乱弧菌为地方株.%Objective To ascertain the molecular and genetic correlation between characteristics of Vibrio cholerae isolates from Shuimogou, City Urumqi, Xinjiang in different years. Methods Pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was used to molecularly type cholera strains, and cluster analysis was performed with UPGMA using BioNumericsV4. 0 software. Results Fifty-four strains were tested; Not I digestion resulted in 34 types that were highly similar (similarity coefficient of 0. 98) with the exception of 1998023, 2001009, 2006010, and 1998160; isolates from different years were of dissimilar types. Conclusion Vibrio cholerae from the Shuimogou District of Urumqi may consist of multiple clones, and Vibrio cholerae isolates may represent local strains.

  14. Current situation of human resources in disease control and prevention institutions in Haigang District of Qinhuangdao City%秦皇岛市海港区疾病预防控制机构人力资源现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王洪芝

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the current situation of human resources of Haigang center for disease control and prevention of Qinhuangdao City, provide the reference for the rational allocation of human resources in the future. [Methods]The archives of staff in Haigang center for disease control and prevention till June 2011 were arranged and analyzed, and the personnel structure was described from five aspects of gender, age, professional title, education background and major. [Results] There were 78 employees in Haigang center for disease control and prevention till June 2011, and the male-to-female ratio was 0.32 : 1. 39.74% were people aged 25-35 years old, which accounted for the highest proportion. The employees with middle professional title accounted for 51.22% , which was the largest proportion. The employees with senior professional titles were not enough, and most of employees had junior professional titles or no professional titles. The first record of formal schooling was dominated by secondary school, the highest record of formal schooling was dominated by junior college, and the educational background of employees was not good generally. The majority of their majors, no matter the first record of formal schooling or the highest record of formal schooling, were non-medical major (including law and accountancy), and the proportion of preventive medicine and laboratory medicine was low. [Conclusion]The personnel allocation of Haigang center for disease control and prevention is insufficient, sex ratio is not balanced, most of employees are middle-aged and youth, the educational background is not good generally, and there are fewer employees with senior professional tides. The majority of their majors are non-medical major, and personnel structure is not reasonable. It is necessary to speed up to supplement the personnel, update the professional technical training; and recruit the professional talent with good ability, in order to adapt to the needs of the

  15. 南通市通州区春季呼吸道传染病流行特点和防控策略探讨%To Investigate the Epidemiological Characteristics of Respiratory Diseases in Spring and the Control Strategy about Tongzhou District City of Nantong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾东烨

    2015-01-01

    Objective Analysis of the epidemiological characteristics of respiratory diseases in spring of Tongzhou District of Nan-tong City, and provide scientific basis for formulating prevention and control strategies. Methods The application of the method of descriptive epidemiology,On the occurrence of respiratory infectious disease report China disease prevention and control informa-tion system of infectious disease information management system in Nantong city of Tongzhou District in 2013 and 2014 from February to April were retrospectively investigated. Results In 2013 and 2014 of February to April, Nantong City, Tongzhou Dis-trict reported a total of 7 kinds of respiratory infectious diseases occurred, a total of 494 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis, mumps and chickenpox secondary;gender distribution shows that the incidence of men than women, there are significant statistical signifi-cance (χ2= 80.94, P<0.01); age distribution the elderly and minors; occupational distribution to most farmers, accounting for 52.02%, followed by students and kindergartens, nursery children, each accounted for 25.91% and 6.28%, including tuberculosis to farmers, varicella, mumps, scarlet fever in students and kindergartens, children are the main clinical manifestations included fever;cough, rash, swelling of the parotid gland and shortness of breath. Conclusion According to the epidemiological characteris-tics of respiratory infectious diseases in the spring, the school should take nurseries for key units, to the elderly and minors as fo-cus groups, especially farmers, to strengthen the monitoring of symptoms, clean and ventilated, daily disinfection, health education, isolation treatment, comprehensive prevention and control measures such as vaccination.%目的:分析南通市通州区春季呼吸道传染病的流行特点,为制订防控策略提供科学依据。方法利用描述流行病学方法,对中国疾病预防控制信息系统传染病报告信

  16. The situation of district heating, district cooling and energy supply in Hungary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    District heating represents with 650.000 heated dwellings approximately 15% of the Hungarian residential heating market. Since 1990 there is stagnation at the number of connected dwellings because erection of large settlements with prefab buildings has been stopped, and latter ones represent more than 75% of the dwelling heating market. During the same period, residential heat demand shrunk by 33%, because metering of hot water consumption resulted in changing consumer habits, and because of slowly but step by step refurbishment of buildings and heating systems. In Hungary district heating is present in all large and most of the medium size cities, in 92 cities together. Out of them, there is also a single village with a local district heating system, which heats more than 60% of cottages. The capacity os systems is spreading to a large extent. Approximately 36-36% of all heated dwellings are in Budapest and in 10 large cities in the country, while 148 of the total 202 systems have less than 10 MW capacities. In the fuel structure of district heating it is characteristic the overwhelming role of natural gas consumption, which has exceeded 80% already. Only a few numbers of heating power plants are fuelled by crown coal. The use of renewables is growing continuous, but, together with waste and waste energy, it amounts merely 8% of the total fuel use. Oil consumption is negligible. Currently the most promising DH-market is the service sector (public buildings and commercial consumers). DH-companies can sell their surplus supply capacities on the competitive market. Residential market can be preserved only with better legal conditions and with improving of demand side management. The industrial heat market can be gained when the erection of new power plants will be harmonized with industrial development in the frame of territorial planning. District cooling is just at the beginning in Hungary. Many new commercial and office buildings are erected with air conditioning

  17. Densifying the city: urban recycle as a strategic system to refurbish the built environment

    OpenAIRE

    Vittorino Belpoliti; Paola Borin; Pietromaria Davoli; Nicola Marzot

    2015-01-01

    The persisting economic crisis and the necessity for more sustainable construction processes imply the need for innovative strategies to reuse the existing building stock. Retrofit and recycling plans are already active for whole city districts, adopting the urban densification strategy to reduce the consumption of resources, promoting the functional, technological, and energy refurbishment of the existing city districts The study introduces considerations and tools to increase the efficiency...

  18. Problems in Determining School District Need for Hurd Aid and Alternatives to the Revenue Shortfall Approach for Determining Need.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curley, John R.

    In New York State there is an uneven distribution of wealth and an unequal tax burden among the small city school districts. Because of the tax limits and rising costs for goods and services, many of these school districts have found it difficult to support their educational programs without emergency aid from the state. Such aid is frequently…

  19. ‘We are not the only ones to blame’: District Assemblies’ Perspectives on the state of planning in Ghana

    OpenAIRE

    Eric Yeboah; Franklin Obeng-Odoom

    2010-01-01

    Planning has failed to exert effective influence on the growth of human settlements in Ghana. As a result, the growth of cities has been chaotic. The district assemblies, which are the designated planning authorities, are commonly blamed for this failure, yet little attention has been given to district assemblies’ perspectives of what factors lead to failures in planning. This paper attempts to fill this gap. Drawing on fieldwork in Ghana, it argues that, from the perspective of district asse...

  20. Research and Application of the Locus and Urban Catalyst Theory in the Renewal of Chinese Traditional Districts---Urban Renewal of Yinxiang District in Nanjing, China

    OpenAIRE

    Su, Qin

    2014-01-01

    After the first upsurge of urbanization in 1980s, many built-up areas in Chinese cities have become the so-called ‘traditional districts’. Nowadays these traditional districts are confronted with both internal growing plights such as function decay, fabric chaos and substance aging and external developing challenges which may include globalization, marketization and demands of achieving a sustainable urban development. During the renewal process of traditional districts in China, however, man...

  1. Flying Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ciger, Jan

    2006-01-01

    of providing a tangible correspondence between the two spaces. This interaction mean has proved to suit the artistic expression well but it also aims at providing anyone with a pleasant and stimulating feedback from speech activity, a new medium for creativity and a way to visually perceive a vocal...... performance. As the feedback we have received when presenting Flying Cities was very positive, our objective now is to cross the bridge between art and the potential applications to the rehabilitation of people with reduced mobility or for the treatment of language impairments....

  2. 2009至2012年江苏省扬州市广陵区疑似预防接种异常反应监测分析%Analysis of adverse events following immunization from 2009 to 2011 in Guangling District,Yangzhou City, Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱颖

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the monitoring quality of adverse events following immunization (AEFI) from 2 0 0 9 to 2 0 1 1 in Guangling District,Yangzhou City,Jiangsu Province preliminarily.Methods The data of AEFI in Guangling District from 2009 to 2011 were collected through the AEFI information system of China and analyzed by descriptive epidemiological method.Results A total of 24 kinds of vaccine were inoculated from 2009 to 2012 in Guangling District,the accumulative total inoculation doses were 732 005,the accumulative total AEFI cases were 388,the reporting rate was 53.7 per 100 000 doses.In seven state indicators of AEFI monitoring system,reporting rate within 48 hours,investigation rate within 48 hours,and classification rate were 100.0%.The input rate of questionnaire within 3 days,upload rate of investigation report within 7 days,integrity rate of key project in questionnaire,and report coverage rate in districts were not up to the standard of AEFI during 2009.The input rate of questionnaire within 3 days and upload rate of investigation report within 7 days were increased greatly during 2010,but were not up to the standard of AEFI yet.The completion rate of all indicators of AEFI monitoring system reached 100.0% since 2011.Of 388 cases of AEFI,the common adverse reactions were found in 330 cases (85.0%),the main clinical manifestations were fever,red swelling and induration in injection area.The abnormal reactions were found in 50 cases (12.9%),the clinical manifestations were allergic skin rashes (40 cases,80.0%),angioedema (3 cases,6.0%),BCG abscess (2 cases,4.0%),morbilliform rash (2 cases,4.0%),allergic purpura (1 case,2.0%),febrile convulsion (1 case,2.0%),and diarrhea (1 case,2.0%).The coincidental events occurred in 8 cases (2.1%).The top five vaccines associated with reporting rate of AEFI were pneumococcal 7-valent conjugate vaccine (PCV-7,507.9/100000),23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (343.2/100 000

  3. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts - MDC_CommunityDevelopmentDistrict

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Community Development Districts (CDDs) are special taxing districts or local units of special-purpose government. A CDD may charge separate non-ad valorem special...

  4. Special Taxing Districts, TIF districts, Published in 2006, Freelance.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Special Taxing Districts dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006. It is described as 'TIF districts'. Data by...

  5. District heating in Flensburg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prinz, W.

    1981-01-01

    The majority of our population, but also of our authorities, are still skeptical or even disapproving towards district heating. The reasons of this negative attitude are partly psychological - e.g. the individualism of the Swiss and their dislike for too centralised structures and ''forced connections'' - but also the existence of finished gas supply networks and the fear of considerable pre-investments and torn streets over years. The following article - held as a speech on the information meeting ''District heating and the possible contribution of nuclear energy'' organised by the Swiss Association for Atomic Energy in Bern shows a practical problem solving at the example of the district heating in Flensburg and deals with these questions.

  6. Branding Cities, Changing Societies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ooi, Can-Seng

    Societal changes are seldom discussed in the literature on city branding. The time element is important because it highlights the fluctuating reality of society. The city brand message freezes the place but in fact, the city branding exercise is a continuous process. Society emerges too. City...... brands are supposed to accentuate the uniqueness of the city, be built from the bottom-up and reflect the city's identity. This paper highlights three paradoxes, pointing out that city branding processes can also make cities more alike, bring about societal changes and forge new city identities. A city...... branding campaign does not just present the city, it may change the city. The relationships between the branding exercise and the city are intertwined in the evolution of the place....

  7. Analysis of Urban Expansion and Driving Forces in Xuzhou City Based on Remote Sensing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Zhao-ling; DU Pei-jun; GUO Da-zhi

    2007-01-01

    Based on satellite remote sensing TM/ETM+ images of Xuzhou city, land use forms of the city in 1987, 1994 and 2000 were extracted by using a neural network classification method. The expansion contribution rate and annual expansion intensity index of each administrative district have been calculated and the contribution rate matrices and spatial distribution maps of land use changes were obtained. Based on the above analysis, the characteristics of urban expansion from 1987 to 2000 have been explored. From 1987 to 1994, the expansion contribution rate of Quanshan district reached 46.80%, the highest in all administrative districts of Xuzhou city; Tongshan town was in a high-speed expansion period; both Quanshan and Yunlong districts were experiencing fast-speed expansion periods while the entire city was expanding at a medium-speed with an annual expansion intensity index of 0.98; the city spread eastwards and southwards. From 1994 to 2000, the expansion contribution rate of Quanshan district reached 43.67%, the highest in Xuzhou; the entire city was in a medium-speed expansion period with an annual expansion intensity index of 1.04; the city has rapidly been extended towards the southeast. According to the contribution rate matrices of land use changes, urban expansion mainly usurps cropland and woodland. A quantitative analysis found that population growth, industrialization and economic development are the primary driving forces behind urban expansion.

  8. Learning Cities as Healthy Green Cities: Building Sustainable Opportunity Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kearns, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses a new generation of learning cities we have called EcCoWell cities (Economy, Community, Well-being). The paper was prepared for the PASCAL International Exchanges (PIE) and is based on international experiences with PIE and developments in some cities. The paper argues for more holistic and integrated development so that…

  9. Sudbury District Energy - a public/private partnership model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The issue of public/private partnership as it relates to the Sudbury District Energy Project was discussed. When completed, it will be the first cogeneration-based district heating and cooling project involving private sector/public sector partnership in Canada. The equal partners include Toromont Energy and Sudbury Hydro. Sudbury Hydro is a community owned energy and communications utility. It was the first electric utility in Ontario to retail natural gas in the new competitive market place. The Sudbury District Energy Project began in 1996, when the utility began the development of a community district energy system in partnership with the City of Sudbury. At the time, the downtown district heating/cooling system supplied cold and hot water to Sudbury's Wellness Centre. In 1998, Toromont Energy accepted a 50/50 partnership arrangement between themselves and the public sector partners to form the Sudbury District Energy Corporation. Sudbury Hydro will benefit from the project because it will reduce their peak loads and it will also be an alternate source of revenue. It is expected that the project will displace 39,600 tons of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas which contributes to global warming

  10. 广州市海珠区社区老年居民高血压流行特征及防控现状%Epidemiological characteristics and control status of hypertension among community elderly residents in Haizhu District of Guangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵丽庆; 刘士俊; 吴辉绪

    2015-01-01

    目的 了解广州市海珠区社区老年居民高血压患病现况及其影响因素,为社区开展高血压防控工作提供依据.方法 采用多阶段分层整群随机抽样方法,对海珠区≥60岁的居民(2 925人)抽样进行健康检查和问卷调查.结果 据2 925人中,高血压患病率为49.71%,标化率为47.28%;其中女性为53.45%,男性为45.49%,差异有统计学意义(x2=18.474,P<0.05).患病率随年龄、体重指数(BMI)的增加而呈上升趋势;随人均月收入水平的增加和文化程度的增高而呈降低趋势.中心性肥胖者患病率高于非中心性肥胖者(x2=76.780,P<0.05).有家族史者患病率高于无家族史者(x2=40.867,P<0.05).独居者患病率高于非独居者(x2=16.171,P<0.05).高血压患者中高脂血症、冠心病、糖尿病、脑卒中的患病率高于血压正常者(P<0.05).结论 海珠区社区老年居民高血压患病率较高,影响因素有家族史、低学历、低收入、女性及独居.%[Objective] To understand the epidemic situation of hypertension and its influencing factors among community elderly residents in Haizhu District of Guangzhou City,provide the basis for hypertension prevention and control in community.[Methods] The health examination and questionnaire survey were performed among 2 925 residents above 60 years old,who were collected from Haizhu District by the multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method.[Results] The prevalence rate of hypertension among 2 925 elderly residents was 49.71%,and the standardized rate was 47.28%.The prevalence rate in females and males was 53.45% and 45.49% respectively,and the difference was statistically significant (x2=18.474,P<0.05).The prevalence rate of hypertension increased with increasing of age and BMI,while it decreased with increasing of monthly income and educational level.The prevalence rate of people with central obesity was higher than that of people with non-central obesity (x2

  11. Investigation on the living behavior and health status of the women during puerperium in Yuexiu district of Guangzhou city%广州市越秀区妇女产褥期生活行为与健康状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蓝海英; 焦昌娅; 陆青贵; 黄少明; 黄婕; 毛丽梅

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解广州市越秀区妇女产褥期健康状况,探讨影响产褥期健康的生活行为因素.方法:抽取广州市越秀区出生>42天、1岁以内小儿母亲共1 020名作为调查对象,进行面对面的回顾性问卷调查,获得有效问卷1 007份.结果:妇女产褥期后体重和体质指数均显著高于孕前(P<0.001).80.4%的妇女产后血性恶露持续时间超过14天.72.7%的妇女产褥期患有1种以上的病症,且以腰背痛(48.4%)、便秘(20.0%)、乳房肿胀(19.5%)、痔疮(12.6%)、关节痛(10.5%)和小腿抽筋(10.0%)等病症较常见.多元回归分析显示,每天卧床休息12~18 h是血性恶露时间延长的保护因素,每天睡眠不足8h、卧床超过18 h分别是产褥期体重滞留和腰腿痛的危险因素;妇女产褥期经常做家务是影响产褥期恶露排出和腰腿痛的危险因素,而经常晒太阳、纯母乳喂养则是保护因素;此外,经常做产褥期保健操是产褥期体重滞留的保护因素.结论:越秀区妇女产褥期存在较多健康问题,这些健康问题与其产褥期生活行为有关;纠正不合理的生活行为,可以帮助妇女更健康地度过产褥期.%Objective: To understand the health status of the women during puerperium in Yuexiu district of Guangzhou city, explore the living behavioral factors of the women during puerperium. Methods: A total of 1 020 women whose infants were 42 days - one year were selected from Yuexiu district of Guangzhou city as respondents, a face - to - face and retrospective questionnaire survey was conducted, 1 007 valid questionnaires were retrieved. Results; The body weight and body mass index ( BMI) of the women during puerperium were significantly higher than those before pregnancy (P <0. 001) . The duration time of bloody lochia of 80. 4% of the women after delivery was more than 14 days. More than one kind of diseases were found in 72. 7% of the women, the common diseases included back

  12. Unified School Districts, Census 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The New Mexico 2000 Unified School Districts layer was derived from the TIGER Line files from the US Census Bureau. The districts are clipped to the state...

  13. New Mexico State Forestry Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset contains boundaries of the New Mexico Forestry Districts, plus the names of the district offices. It is in a vector digital structure digitized from a...

  14. 南昌市东湖区糖尿病患病现状与可控危险因素近期暴露及对策分析%Diabetes Prevalence,Controllable Risk Factors for Recent Exposure and Countermeasure Analysis in Donghu District of Nanchang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈雨劼; 赵玉静; 周小军; 舒惠玲; 胡永新; 邓良良; 邢丝雨

    2015-01-01

    目的:掌握南昌市东湖区社区居民糖尿病患病现状及糖尿病患者可控危险因素的近期暴露,为制定适合当地的防控干预计划提供依据。方法采用分层整群抽样法,随机抽取2013年南昌市东湖区辖区内3个街办9个居委会18岁以上3263例居民进行调查和测量,运用χ2检验和秩和检验对糖尿病流行现状及可控危险因素进行分析。结果东湖区社区居民的糖尿病患病率为6.2%,男性与女性高血压患病率差异无统计学意义(P >0.05);职业人群中以无业及待业者患病率最高,为11.1%;小学及以下文化程度者患病率较高,为10.3%;婚姻状况以丧偶者患病率最高,为12.6%;年龄较大者患病率亦较高(P <0.001)。糖尿病患者肥胖占9.9%、超重占30.2%,明显高于普通居民的4.1%和26.0%(P <0.001);与普通居民相比:糖尿病患者腰围超标率、饮酒率更高(均 P <0.05);每天睡眠时间更短(P <0.001);运动量和营养标签知晓率更好(均 P <0.001);体检频率更高(P <0.001);近期紧张率、平均每天食用蔬菜量、口味、吸烟率差异无统计学意义(均 P >0.05)。结论东湖区社区居民糖尿病患病率低于全国平均水平。糖尿病综合防治在运动量、营养标签知晓率、体检频率、等方面效果显著,但合理营养、紧张情绪以及口味方面效果不明显,体质量控制、限制饮酒和休息时间未达到理想目标。糖尿病的防治宜以体质量控制、限制饮酒、保证睡眠、合理营养、低糖饮食、控制紧张为重点。%ABSTRACT:Objective To master the prevalence of diabetes among community residents of Don-ghu District of Nanchang City and the controllable risk factors for recent exposure,and to provide the basis for developing the regional plan for prevention and control of diabetes.Methods A

  15. Service supply in Minhang District by occupational health service organizations of Shanghai City from 2008-2011%2008-2011年上海市职业卫生技术服务机构在闵行区提供服务的情况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    项丹红

    2013-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the service supply in Minhang District by occupational health service organizations of Shanghai City, so as to improve their supervision and regulatory level. [Methods]The outcomes of occupational hazard monitoring in Minhang District detected by certificated occupational health service organizations in Shanghai from 2008-2011 were collected and formed a database with Excel, then analyzing statistically by SPSS. [Results]The certificated occupational health service organization with profitability in Shanghai provided occupational hazard monitoring and evaluation services in Minhang District, however there was 25% non-profitability organizations supplied service in this district. The quantity of service provided by the profitability a-gencies was stable at above 32% , while that provided by non-profitability organizations showed downward tendency, the ratio of the above 2 was 1.82:1. The rate of leak detection of profitability organization was 21.36% which was higher than that of non-profitability organizations. As to the total qualified rate, there was little difference between the profitability organization and the non-profitability organization. But for the different type occupational hazards, there was significant difference on the rate of detection and qualified between the profitability organization and the non-profitability organization. The average annual detection rate of profitability organizations and non-profitability organizations was 78.64% and 100% , respectively. [ Conclusion] More attention should be paid to raise the enthusiasm of the non-profitability organizations. It is necessary to reinforce supervision on occupational health service organization, to perfect the methods of quality control, to increase the reliability of detection data, to strengthen the data comparability of different organizations and protect the interests of the clients.%目的 为了解上海市现有的职业卫生技术服务机构在闵行区提

  16. 22@ and the Innovation District in Barcelona and Montreal: A Process of Clustering Development between Urban Regeneration and Economic Competitiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Angelo Battaglia; Diane-Gabrielle Tremblay

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes the governance strategy of the 22@ District in Barcelona in order to assess the factors that explain its success and could support the economic reconversion of Montreal’s future Innovation District (ID), as well as that of other cities. We examine the case of the 22@ District as a former industrial neighbourhood seen as a “model” of urban regeneration and economic revitalization. Our assumption is that the world’s major cities are going through a phase based on the reorgan...

  17. 上海市奉贤区不同特征人群艾滋病防治知识知晓率和艾滋病相关高危行为调查%Investigation on awareness rate of HIV/AIDS related knowledge and high risk behavior among different groups in Fengxian District of Shanghai City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙琪; 胡琪; 薛冬梅; 唐瑛瑛; 陈蓉; 吴小波; 高苑敏

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解上海市奉贤区不同特征人群艾滋病防治知识知晓情况及艾滋病相关高危行为现况,为该地区高危人群艾滋病干预措施提供科学依据.方法 采用现况调查了解该辖区内不同特征人群对艾滋病知识掌握情况和安全套使用情况,并对该人群接受的干预措施进行调查.结果 研究发现,高危人群对艾滋病知识知晓率较一般人群高.接受艾滋病防治健康教育服务,暗娼人群为67.80%,而吸毒者为39.5%,性病门诊男性就诊者为12.8%,青年学生为49.9%.各类人群接受艾滋病检测服务的比例均较低(低于30%).社区居民和流动人群最近1年性行为时未使用安全套比例达33%,其中流动人群最近1次性行为安全套使用率仅15.80%.男男性行为者中每次肛交均使用安全套的比例39.13%,最近1次肛交使用安全套的比例58.69%.结论 各类人群防治艾滋病知识的知晓率还有待进一步提高,安全套使用率仍较低.暗娼、男男性行为人群和青年学生的艾滋病防治工作需要进一步加强.%[Objective] To understand the status of HIV/AIDS prevention knowledge and high risk behavior among different groups in Fengxian District of Shanghai City,and provide scientific evidence for further intervention in high risk population.[Methods] A cross sectional survey was performed on different groups in Fengxian District to investigate HIV/AIDS related knowledge awareness,condom use and intervention measures.[Results] The investigation showed the AIDS knowledge awareness rate among high risk population was higher than that of the general populations.In acceptance of AIDS prevention and health education service,the proportion for female sex workers,drug addicts,STD outpatients and young students was 67.80%,39.5%,12.8%,49.9%,respectively.The proportion of people in acceptance of HIV testing service was low (> 30%).The proportion of sexual behavior without condoms in

  18. 武汉市江岸区1996-2010年孕产妇系统管理现状分析%Analysis on health status of maternal system-management in the central district of Wuhan City in 1996 to 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚静; 许芊

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To analysis the status and explore the influencing factors of maternal system-management in Jiang ' an District of Wuhan City in 1996 to 2010, supplying the basic line for improving the matemal health care job. Method: We reviewed matemal health care annual reports from 1996 to 2010 year, studied the status of matemal system-management. Excel 2003 and SAS 8.1 were used to analyze the collected data in the method of descriptive statistics and chi-square test. Results: The rate of early pregnancy check and matemal system-management in Jiang' an district of Wuhan has kept in a low level before 2008, ranged from 20% to 40%, they has a sharp rise since 2008. The rate of prenatal examination , hospital delivery, the management of high-risk pregnant women were very high, which were fitted with the regulatory requirements. The postpartum visit rate was less than 80% before 2007, it was more than 90% since 2008. Conclusions: The rate of early pregnancy check was the bottle neck which affected the rate of maternal system-management. We should make full use of the advantage of the institution of community health services and consummate the mode of care-handbook register of early pregnancy.%目的:分析1996年-2010年度武汉市江岸区妇幼保健院的孕产妇系统管理现状,研究孕产妇系统管理实施的影响因素.方法:采用回顾性研究方法,对1996年-2010年武汉市江岸区妇幼卫生年报表数据,进行统计分析.结果:武汉市江岸区孕产妇早孕检查率在2008年以前一直处于较低水平,在20%-40%之间,2008年后上升明显,达到80%以上;孕产妇系统保健管理率在2008年以前一直处于较低水平,在20%-40%之间,2008年后上升明显,达到80%以上;产前检查率、住院分娩率、高危孕产妇管理率均很高,达到了规范要求.产后访视率在2007年以前均在80%以下,2007年后都在90%以上.结论:早孕检查率低是影响孕产妇系统管理率的瓶颈;要充分发

  19. Survey of hygienic status of beauty and hairdresser salons in Buji street of Longgang District of Shenzhen City in 2011%2011年深圳市龙岗区布吉美容美发场所的卫生状况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴海娟; 温海辉; 谢桂萍; 王春香

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective ] To understand the hygienic status of beauty and hairdresser salons in Buji street of Longgang District of Shenzhen City in 2011, and provide the scientific evidence for its hygienic supervision and administration. [ Methods ] Survey of hygienic status of beauty and hairdresser salons in this district was performed, and related public appliances were sampled and tested according to relevant national laws and regulations and technical specifications. [Results] Among the 518 beauty and hairdresser salons investigated, 81.66% had hygiene management systems, 50. 39% had full-time or part-time managers, and 471 (90.93% ) owned the valid sanitation license, and the license holder rate of beauty and hairdresser salons was highest, and that of hairdresser salons was lowest. Of the 8 494 workers investigated, 86.08% had the valid health certificate. Relatively speaking, the disinfection facilities and measures of the beauty salons were better than the hairdresser salons. Totally 8 754 samples from 268 beauty and hairdresser salons were randomly inspected, and 8 233 samples were qualified with an eligible rate of 94. 05%. The eligible rates for staphylococcus and colibacillus tests were 94. 22% and 93. 88% , respectively. [ Conclusion] The hygienic status of beauty and hairdresser salons are generally good in Buji Street, but in some small ones it is poor. It is suggested to strengthen the knowledge training and supervision of employees, so as to improve the sanitary conditions of beauty and hairdresser salons.%目的 了解2011年深圳市龙岗区布吉辖区美容美发场所卫生现状,为进一步加强该类场所卫生监督管理提供依据.方法 按照国家相关法律法规和技术规范,对该辖区内美容美发场所卫生现状进行调查,对相关公共用具进行采样检测.结果 2011年对该辖区518家美容美发场所进行了调查,发现有81.66%的场所建立卫生管理制度;50.39%的场所配备

  20. Survey on natural infection of Japanese encephalitis virus in mosquitoes in Longgang District of Shenzhen City%深圳市龙岗区蚊虫自然感染流行性乙型脑炎病毒状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹志辉; 周健明; 林琳; 刘渠; 张起文; 王德全

    2012-01-01

    目的 研究深圳市龙岗区蚊虫流行性乙型脑炎病毒自然感染状况,为预测该地区乙脑发病趋势及流行强度,制定有效预防控制措施提供科学依据.方法 采用灯诱法捕捉蚊虫标本并进行分类鉴定,以JEV的NS3基因区段设计特异引物,通过实时荧光RT-PCR (real-time RT-PCR)对蚊虫中流行性乙型脑炎病毒进行检测,阳性标本经测序后再在GenBank中进行核苷酸序列的同源性比对.结果 捕获的蚊虫隶属3属5种,致倦库蚊是优势蚊种;1 533只蚊虫分成25批,从3批致倦库蚊标本中检出JEV核酸阳性,阳性率为12%.阳性标本与GenBank中报道的JEV参考株间相应的核苷酸序列同源性达99%以上,均属于JEV Ⅰ型病毒.结论 龙岗区存在着蚊虫自然感染JEV,致倦库蚊是区内乙脑传播的主要蚊媒,有流行人间和畜间流行性乙型脑炎的潜在危险,提示应进一步完善疫苗接种和免疫监测,积极开展消除蚊虫孳生地,灭蚊、防蚊工作,以控制和切断乙脑传播途径.%OBJECTIVE To explore JEV natural infection of captured mosquitoes in Longgang District of Shenzhen City and provide reference for prediction of the prevalence trend and intension of the epidemic encephalitis B. METHODS Lamp baited trap was used to capture mosquitoes. JEV specific primers in NS5 were designed and the Japanese encephalitis virus was identified with real-time RT-PCR. The nucleonic acid detection of positive samples was confirmed by sequencing and the NS3 gene sequence was compared with that published in GenBank. Then the genotype of Japanese encephalitis virus was determined. RESULTS Mosquitoes collected were subjected to 3 genera 5 species and Culex fatigans was dominant population. A total of 1 533 mosquitoes were collected and divided into 25 groups, and 12% were identified positive for viral RNA. The real-time RT-PCR assay showed that 3 positive samples were all Culex fatigans. Aligning the sequence with the Gen

  1. Surveillance on mosquito vectors of dengue fever and dengue virus in Longgang district of Shenzhen city,2009-2011%深圳市龙岗区2009-2011年登革热媒介监测分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周健明; 王德全; 林琳; 刘渠; 张起文

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解广东省深圳市龙岗区成蚊携带登革病毒状况与健康人群登革病毒抗体水平,为登革热的流行风险评估提供客观依据.方法 于2009-2011年对龙岗区10个街道和21个大运场馆进行蚊种构成及密度监测,检测成蚊携带登革病毒和健康人群的登革病毒IgG抗体水平.结果 2009-2011年龙岗区共捕获25 556只成蚊,其中东乡伊蚊和白纹伊蚊分别占2.45%与1.60%;学校和工地的诱蚊诱卵指数均高于平均水平,分别为18.34%和11.29%;不同生境成蚊密度以医院最高,达27.67只/灯;从2批伊蚊标本中检测有登革病毒,其中1批标本经测序分析与登革病毒Ⅱ型流行株同源性最高,达98%;检测884名健康人群中登革病毒IgG抗体阳性率为4.20%(37/884).结论 深圳市龙岗区伊蚊密度较低,但伊蚊携带登革病毒的效能较高,登革病毒已经在龙岗区自然界中存在.%Objective To explore the infection of dengue virus (DV) in mosquitoes and to determine the prevalence of serum anti-DV IgG antibody among healthy people in Longgang district of Shenzhen city for assessment of dengue fever epidemic risk. Methods Surveillance on the density and species of mosquito was conducted in 10 major subdis-tricts and 21 gymnasiums in Longgang district. The DV was identified with real-time reverse transcription PCR(RT-PCR) and anti-DV IgG antibody level in healthy population was detected with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results A total of 25 556 mosquitoes were collected from 2009 to 2011 and among the mosquitoes Aedes to-goi and Aedes albopictus accounted for 2. 45% and 1. 60% .respectively. The indexes of mosquito and egg trap in schools (18. 34% ) and construction sites( 11. 29% ) were above average value. The average mosquito density in hospitals(27. 67 mosquitoes) was the highest among different sites. The real-time RT-PCR results showed that two positive samples were found and the maximum nucleotide

  2. 北京市大兴区职业病危害因素监测与职业健康检查10年回顾分析%10-year retrospective analysis of occupational hazards monitoring and occupational health examination in Daxing District of Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周燕; 吕建华; 潘小川

    2013-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the situation of occupational hazards monitoring and occupational health examination of employers in Daxing District of Beijing City in recent 10 years,and provide evidence for developing regulatory measures and protecting laborers'health in future.[Methods] Measurement of the occupational hazards and occupational health examination from 2002-2011 in Daring District were analyzed by descriptive analysis.The differences of eligibility ratio for different kinds of occupation and the differences of occupational health examination rate for different enterprises were analyzed by chi-square test.[Results] The overall eligibility rate was 81.41% in all monitoring points with the minimum in dust monitoring points.It was significantly different between different categories of hazards (P < 0.01).There were 69 265 persons had completed the occupational health examination in total,1 210 persons were detected with abnormal conditions.There was significant difference of examination rate between different enterprises (P < 0.0l),with the lowest rate in private enterprises.[Conclusion] Both the rate of the occupational hazards inspection and the rate of occupational health examination in private enterprises are relatively low.It is necessary to strengthen the above 2 tasks to ensure workers' health.%目的 了解10年来北京市大兴区用人单位职业病危害因素监测和从业人员职业健康检查情况,为今后制定监管对策和保护劳动者健康提供依据.方法 对2002-2011年大兴区职业病危害因素监测和从业人员检查资料进行描述性分析,并采用卡方检验分析不同类别职业病危害因素监测合格率和不同性质用人单位职业健康检查受检率差异情况.结果 各类监测点总合格率为81.41%,粉尘监测点总合格率最低,不同类别危害因素间监测总合格率差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);完成检查69 265人,检出各类异常情况1 210人,不同性质企

  3. 武汉市某中心城区1996-2010年孕产妇早孕检查现状及影响因素分析%Analysis on Health Status of Early Pregnancy Check in the Central District of Wuhan City in 1996 to 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚静; 叶晓娟; 刘毅

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To analyse the status and explore the influencing factors of early pregnancy check in Jiang'an District of Wuhan City in 1996 to 2010, supplying the basic line for improving the early pregnancy check job. Methods: We reviewed the handbook for prenatal health care of 1796 pregnant and maternal health care annual reports of the year 1996 to 2010. We discussed the key points of the job and the new model of early pregnancy check. Excel 2003 and SAS 8.1 were used to analyze the collected data in the method of descriptive statistics and chi-square test. Results: The rate of early pregnancy check in Jiang'an district of Wuhan has kept in a low level before 2008, ranged from 20% to 40%, they has a sharp rise since 2008. The early prenatal check was associated with maternal age, birth order, hyperemesis gravidarum and so on. Results: We should make full use of the advantage of the institution of community health services and consummate the mode of care-handbook register of early pregnancy. The coverage of maternity insurance should be extended in order to attract more women to do early pregnancy check. Steps should be taken to improve the utilization of early prenatal check among women with different educational attainments, birth order and reaction of pregnancy.%目的:分析基层妇幼保健机构孕产妇早孕检查的历史数据,从实证的角度为提高孕产妇保健服务提供数据和建议.方法:对1996-2010年武汉市某中心城区妇幼卫生年报数据以及2003-2006年1796例孕产妇的《孕产妇围产保健手册》资料进行统计描述,并采用logistic回归分析孕产妇早孕检查的影响因素.结果:2008年以前,样本地区孕产妇早孕检查率一直处于较低水平(20%-40%),但2008年后明显上升(达到80%以上).文化程度、产次以及孕期是否剧吐是影响早孕检查的因素.结论:要充分发挥社区基层妇幼保健机构优势,完善早孕建册模式;生育保险覆盖面要进一步

  4. District-Level Downsizing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schachter, Ron

    2011-01-01

    Draconian cuts have become the order of business for many school districts since the economic recession hit in 2008. But for the coming school year, "draconian" has taken on an even harsher meaning, as states from California and Texas to Illinois and New York wrestle with deficits in the tens of billions of dollars and make multi-billion-dollar…

  5. School District Budgeting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartman, William T.

    This book is devoted exclusively to the budgeting process in school districts, unlike the more common generic budgeting texts. As such, it allows an in-depth treatment of both conceptual and practical aspects of budgeting in a single volume. By default, school business officials have had to rely on the state education accounting manual as their…

  6. District Consolidation: Rivals Coming Together

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mart, Dan

    2011-01-01

    District consolidation is a highly emotional process. One key to success is sticking to the facts. In Iowa, school districts facing financial difficulties or enrollment concerns do not have to move directly to consolidation. In many cases, districts begin by developing sharing agreements. These sharing agreements may start with simple sharing of…

  7. Modeling of pipe break accident in a district heating system using RELAP5 computer code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reliability of a district heat supply system is a very important factor. However, accidents are inevitable and they occur due to various reasons, therefore it is necessary to have possibility to evaluate the consequences of possible accidents. This paper demonstrated the capabilities of developed district heating network model (for RELAP5 code) to analyze dynamic processes taking place in the network. A pipe break in a water supply line accident scenario in Kaunas city (Lithuania) heating network is presented in this paper. The results of this case study were used to demonstrate a possibility of the break location identification by pressure decrease propagation in the network. -- Highlights: ► Nuclear reactor accident analysis code RELAP5 was applied for accident analysis in a district heating network. ► Pipe break accident scenario in Kaunas city (Lithuania) district heating network has been analyzed. ► An innovative method of pipe break location identification by pressure-time data is proposed.

  8. Strategic management of sustainable development of Siauliai city and district

    OpenAIRE

    Tamošiūnas, Teodoras; Butkaliuk, Ruslanas

    2013-01-01

    Šiaulių rajonas yra „žiedinis“, nes jo centre yra didmiestis Šiauliai. Palyginti su kitais apskrities rajonais, Šiaulių rajonas turi ypatingą reikšmę Šiaulių miestui. Šio rajono ryšiai su miestu yra labai įvairūs ir aktualūs tiek miesto, tiek rajono gyventojams. Todėl svarbu išanalizuoti bendrą miesto ir rajono vystymąsi, apibūdinti proceso darną. Būtina pagrįsti tolimesnes bendro Šiaulių miesto ir rajono vystymosi darnai svarbias strategines plėtros kryptis. Apibendrintai mokslinę tyrimo pro...

  9. Pittsburgh City Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Pittsburgh City FacilitiesIncludes: City Administrative Buildings, Police Stations, Fire Stations, EMS Stations, DPW Sites, Senior Centers, Recreation Centers,...

  10. Comprehensive Conservation Plan: Huron Wetland Management District, Madison Wetland Management District, Sand Lake Wetland Management District

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP) was written to guide management on Huron Wetland Management District, Madison Wetland Management District, and Sand Lake...

  11. Livelihood assessment in district 1 of Medellin – Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mendoza Ciro Alfonso Serna

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The livelihood approach aims at the analysis, understanding and restrictions that the poorest people have to face in order to recover from difficult situations. The Department for International Development model is applied to an urban zone with the purpose of making an assessment of the livelihood of the district ’la Comuna 1’ in Medellin, Colombia, which has been recognised as the poorest and one of the most dangerous districts of the city. The case study presents both a quantitative analysis (macro and qualitative (micro analysis, as a mixed method that allows a more complete analysis and understanding of livelihood, and providing a deeper understanding of the district from the livelihood approach. The results indicate a stable growth of livelihood during the period of analysis.

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages - City Limit (polygon)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Data available online through GeoStor at http://www.geostor.arkansas.gov. Arkansas Cities: This data set contains all of the city limit boundaries within the state...

  13. Variation tendency of physical development of children in kindergartens of Huairou District of Bejing City from 2002-2011%2002-2011年北京市怀柔区托幼园所儿童体格发育状况变化趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟海霞; 李桂香

    2013-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the variation tendency of children' physical development in kindergartens of Huairou District of Bejing City from 2002-2011, and provide theoretical basis for implementation of child health care. [ Methods] The 2002-2011 annual reports of physical development monitoring of 3- 6 years old children in kindergarten were vertically analyzed. [ Results] During 10 years, the detection rates of malnutrition and anemia had not been significantly changed, it had decreased from 63.85% in 2002 to 40.51 % in 2011. The percentage of children simple obesity increased, up to 7.09%. Low standard vision rate showed upward tendency, up to 12.92%. [Conclusion]The rational diet and movement plan developed by kindergartens, its implementation with parents involvement, promotion of healthy eating habits and movement pattern are the key works for kindergartens.%目的 了解2002-2011年10年间北京市怀柔区托幼园所儿童健康状况及变化趋势,为有针对性地开展儿童保健工作提供理论依据.方法 纵向分析2002-2011年托幼园(所)3~6岁儿童体格发育监测年报表.结果 10年间,营养不良、贫血检出率无明显变化,龋齿发生率明显减少,由2002年的63.85%降至2011年的40.51%;单纯性肥胖儿童增多,达到7.09%;视力低常发生率呈上升趋势,达12.92%.结论 托幼园所制定合理的饮食和运动计划,家长参与饮食和运动计划的实施,推广健康饮食习惯和运动方式,保护儿童视力,是今后托幼机构工作的重点.

  14. Investigation on AIDS knowledge and sexual behavior of female commercial sex workers in qiaodong district shijiazhuang city%石家庄市某区女性性工作者艾滋病知识与性行为调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李怡娴; 高永刚; 高霞; 韩士波

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解石家庄市女性性工作者艾滋病知识知晓率和性行为特征,为制订有效的高危行为干顶措施提供依据.方法 采用匿名问卷调查,对石家庄市桥东区娱乐场所的女性性工作者进行艾滋病知识和性行为特征调查.结果 共调查356名女性性工作者,平均年龄28岁,71.07%为初中以下学历;艾滋病防治知识总知晓率61.24%;有时使用安全套者占86.67%,但每次均用者仅占4.76%.结论 被调查人群艾滋病防治知识知晓率低,普遍存在传播艾滋病的高危性行为,应对其采取针对性的健康教育和行为干顶措施,推广100%使用安全套,以降低艾滋病的感染及传播机会.%Objective To investigate the status of female sex workers'awareness of AIDS and their sexual behavior characteristics, provide basis for fonnulation the effective measures to intervene high - risk behavior. Method Using anonymous questionnaire survey to investigate the AIDS knowledge and sexual behavior characteristics of female sex workers at place of recreation in Qiaodong district Shijiazhuang city. Results Among 356 female sex workers , the average age was 28 and 71. 07% with junior school education, the total awareness rate of AIDS prevention was 61. 24% ; 86. 67% used condoms sometimes, but only 4. 76% used condoms all the time. Conclusions Most of the female commercial sex workers in the survey have a relativcly low awareness of AIDS knowledge, and the high - risk behaviors were existed, so we should take pertincnce health education and interven measures, and to lower the infection and transmission of HIV, condoms should be put into application every time.

  15. Individual Characteristics,Labor Contracts and Job Satisfaction in Labor Relations---A Questionnaire-based Survey of Employees in Huadu District,Guangzhou City%个性特征、劳动契约与员工劳动关系满意度--基于广州市花都区部分员工的问卷调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗明忠; 段臖

    2015-01-01

    Based on the questionnaire-based survey of employees in Huadu District,Guangzhou City and by using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses,the paper reveals that employees'job satisfaction in labor relations consists of three dimensions,namely, wages and welfare,job characteristics and working atmosphere,and social environment and social service.Employees signing short-term labor contracts enjoy the highest job satisfaction with wages and welfare,while those signing long-term labor contracts enjoy the highest job satisfaction with job characteristics and working atmosphere,and social environment and service.The employees'age is pos-itively related to their job satisfaction,while job switching times are negatively related to job satisfaction.Therefore,in order to enhance employee satisfaction degree of labor relations,it is necessary to push forward the full coverage of the labor contract,encourage enterpri-ses to sign long-term labor contracts with employees,implement strict management of wages,safeguard the rights and interests of em-ployees,strengthen professional identity and reduce staff turnover frequency.%基于广州市花都区部分企业员工的调查数据,通过探索性因子分析及验证性因子分析发现,员工劳动关系满意度由工资福利、工作特性与氛围和社会环境与服务三个维度构成。签订短期劳动契约的员工对工资福利的满意度最高,签订中长期劳动契约的员工对工作特性与氛围、社会环境与服务的满意度最高。年龄越大,其劳动关系满意度越高;劳动者工作转换次数与其劳动关系满意度呈负相关。由此,应该积极推进劳动契约全覆盖并鼓励企业与员工签订中长期劳动契约;严格工资管理,维护职工权益;强化职业认同,减少员工工作转换频率。

  16. 广州市东山区残疾人致残因素和康复情况调查%An Investigation for the Factors Causing Disability and the Recovery Conditions of the Handicapped Persons in Dongshan District of Guangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王惠苏; 范存欣; 吴赤蓬; 刘国宁; 王声湧

    2001-01-01

    [目的]了解残疾人致残因素和康复情况,为残疾人社区卫生服务提供科学依据。[方法]1998年10月由调查人员以问卷方式,对广州市东山区部分街道的残疾人进行调查。[结果]残疾人的致残因素中,疾病致残者占58.23%,先天致残占23.10%,伤害致残占18.67%。残疾人中62.80%未接受过康复治疗.先天致残者这一比例为73.90%.[结论]要采取各种措施预防残疾的发生,加强有关残疾康复重要性及康复效果的宣传.搞好对残疾康复治疗的社区服务。%[Objective]Finding out of the factors that would contribute to disability and the ways to become well for the handicapped persons different ages. Providing scientific theory for social hygienic service. [Methods]An Investigation the handicapped of Dongshan District of Guangzhou city was conducted through questionnaires in Oct. 1998. [Results]Of all the factors causing disability, the disease factor take up 58.23%, congenital factor take up 23.10% and injury take up 18.67 %. 62.8% not received any recovery treatment and among them the congenital take up 73.9 %. [Conclusions]All effective measures should be taken to prevent disability. It must be made known that the disabled persons should receive some kind of treatment that the disabled persons can recover from illnesses through the communitys proper health care service.

  17. Analysis of Epidemiological Characteristics of Patients with Tuberculosis Reported Directly by Network in Huairou District of Beijing City in 2008%北京市怀柔区2008年网络直报肺结核病人流行病学特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔国强

    2009-01-01

    目的 了解北京市怀柔区2008年网络直报肺结核病人和疑似肺结核病人流行病学特征.方法 对怀柔区2008年网络直报的肺结核病人和疑似病人进行统计学分析.结果 怀柔区2008年共报告196人,确诊126人,占64.29%;归口管理99人,占78.57%.农村地区的发病率(70.92%)远高于城区(29.08%);职业以农民为主,占53.06%.结论 加强结核病防治知识及国家免费政策的宣传,提高农民对肺结核的知晓率,加强结核病的归口管理,确保肺结核病人得到及时规律的治疗,从而扼制传染源,减少肺结核的传播.%[Objective] To understand the epidemiological characteristics of patients with suspected tuberculosis and tuberculosis reported directly by network in Huairou District of Beijing City in 2008.[Methods]The suspected cases and confirmed cases of tuberculosis were analyzed statistically.[Results]A total of 196 cases were reported in 2008, 12 (64.29%)were confirmed; the major occupation was peasant, occupied 53.06%.[Conclusion]Tuberculosis control knowledge and the publicity of the national free policies should be strengthened, awareness of tuberculosis among farmers should be improved, and the centralized management of tuberculosis should be strengthened to ensure that tuberculosis patients can receive timely and disciplinary treatment, so that the source of infection can be controlled to reduce the spread of tuberculosis.

  18. 个性特征、劳动契约与员工劳动关系满意度--基于广州市花都区部分员工的问卷调查分析%Individual Characteristics,Labor Contracts and Job Satisfaction in Labor Relations---A Questionnaire-based Survey of Employees in Huadu District,Guangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗明忠; 段臖

    2015-01-01

    Based on the questionnaire-based survey of employees in Huadu District,Guangzhou City and by using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses,the paper reveals that employees'job satisfaction in labor relations consists of three dimensions,namely, wages and welfare,job characteristics and working atmosphere,and social environment and social service.Employees signing short-term labor contracts enjoy the highest job satisfaction with wages and welfare,while those signing long-term labor contracts enjoy the highest job satisfaction with job characteristics and working atmosphere,and social environment and service.The employees'age is pos-itively related to their job satisfaction,while job switching times are negatively related to job satisfaction.Therefore,in order to enhance employee satisfaction degree of labor relations,it is necessary to push forward the full coverage of the labor contract,encourage enterpri-ses to sign long-term labor contracts with employees,implement strict management of wages,safeguard the rights and interests of em-ployees,strengthen professional identity and reduce staff turnover frequency.%基于广州市花都区部分企业员工的调查数据,通过探索性因子分析及验证性因子分析发现,员工劳动关系满意度由工资福利、工作特性与氛围和社会环境与服务三个维度构成。签订短期劳动契约的员工对工资福利的满意度最高,签订中长期劳动契约的员工对工作特性与氛围、社会环境与服务的满意度最高。年龄越大,其劳动关系满意度越高;劳动者工作转换次数与其劳动关系满意度呈负相关。由此,应该积极推进劳动契约全覆盖并鼓励企业与员工签订中长期劳动契约;严格工资管理,维护职工权益;强化职业认同,减少员工工作转换频率。

  19. 探讨昆明市官渡区农村生活饮用水枯水期与丰水期水质三年来的水质状况%Discussion on the Water Quality Situation of Drinking Water in Rural Areas of Guandu During the Period of Kunming City District and Water in Three Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽君

    2015-01-01

    目的:研究2011—2013年间昆明市官渡区农村生活用水在不同时期的水质检测情况。方法在2011、2012年和2013年在昆明市官渡区村镇设立的水质检测点,选择枯水期以及丰水期两个不同的时期对当地进行水样采集和实验检测。结果通过调查可知,官渡区的村镇已经大部分实现了集中形式的供水模式,从2011—2013年当地的水质检验合格率整体达到78.09%,2011—2013年之间不同年份水质检验整体合格率分别是75.70%、74.68%以及86.81%,三年的数据均存在区别,整体呈现合格概率增高的趋势。结论为了进一步了解和提升官渡地区各个村镇的用水质量,要定期检测水体,并采取治理村镇用水的措施。%Objective Research from 2011 to 2013 in kunming xiong deyou rural life in different periods with water quality in-spection situation. Methods In 2011, 2012 and 2013, xiong deyou town set up a water quality check points in the city of kun-ming,Choice the mutagenicity and altogether two different periods in the local water samples and experimental test. Results Through the pollXiong deyou most towns and villages have been realized in the form of concentrated water supply mode ,From 2011 to 2013, the local water quality inspection qualified rate reached 78.09% as a whole ,Different years between 2011-2013 water quality inspection the overall qualified rate was 75.70%, 74.68% and 75.70% respectively ,Three years of data are differ-ence,Overall qualified probability increased trends. Conclusion In order to further understand and improve the quality of water of guandu district each villages and towns,To detect water on a regular basis,Make rural water and take control measures.

  20. 乌鲁木齐市水磨沟区吸毒者HIV感染状况和危险行为调查%Survey on the HIV infection status and dangerous behavior among drug addicts in in Shuimogou District of Urumqi City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海燕; 苗海英; 冯雪; 樊于生; 王亚丽

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解乌鲁木齐市水磨沟区吸毒者人类免疫缺陷病毒(HIV)、丙型肝炎病毒(HCV)和梅毒的感染情况和相关危险行为.方法 对252名吸毒者进行血清学监测,并进行相关行为问卷调查.结果 252名吸毒人员HIV的感染率为18.7%,维吾尔族吸毒者HIV阳性率高于其他民族(x2=10.64,P<0.01),共用注射器的注射吸毒人员HIV阳性率(48.7%)高于非共针人员(14.4%),差异有统计学意义(x2 =23.17,P<0.01).结论 水磨沟区应加强吸毒者的宣传和干预的力度,控制艾滋病的传播和流行.%[Objective]To understand the infection status of syphilis, HIV and HCV among drug addicts and their related risk behaviors in Urumqi City [ Methods]A serology monitoring was conducted among 252 drug addicts, then the relative behavior questionnaire survey was applied. [Results]The HIV infection rate in 252 drug addicts was 18. 7% , and the positive rate of HIV a-mong uighur was higher than any other nation ( x2 = 10. 64, P < 0. 01) . The positive rate of HIV drug addicts sharing injection e-quipment (48. 7% ) was higher than the drug addicts without injection equipment sharing ( 14. 4% ) with significant difference (x2 =23. 17 ,P < 0. 01) . [ Conclusion]The propaganda and intervention of drug addicts should be strengthened in Shuimogou District , and the spread of AIDS should be controlled.

  1. Survey and analysis on the status of Enterobiasis infection in private kindergartens in Longhua District of Haikou City%海口市龙华区私立幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染情况调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴贺辉; 柳玲; 史春蕾; 杨佳佳; 黄小娟; 芦亚君

    2015-01-01

    目的 了解海口市龙华区私立幼儿园儿童蛲虫感染情况,为蛲虫病在私立幼儿园的防治提供科学依据.方法 按照《全国人体重要寄生虫病现状调查实施细则》方法和要求,随机抽取海口市龙华区10所私立幼儿园为调查对象,使用透明胶纸粘贴法检查儿童蛲虫感染情况,并对结果进行统计分析.结果 本次调查10所私立幼儿园共1 665名儿童,感染人数为414名,感染率为24.86%.不同年龄儿童蛲虫感染率随年龄的增长而升高,感染率最高组为6岁组,最低为2岁组,各年龄组感染率比较差异均有统计学意义(P0.05);不同幼儿园蛲虫感染率差异较大,最高为52.83%,最低为6.77%,差异有统计学意义(P0.05).The infection rate showed statistically signifi-cant differences between different kindergartens (P<0.05),with the highest rate of 52.83%and lowest rate of 6.77%.Conclusion The infection rate is high in private kindergartens in Longhua District of Haikou City.The guardian should pay attention to the prevention and control of Enterobiasis,strengthen management of children's living environ-ment,improve health consciousness,and change the bad living habits to effectively prevent Enterobiasis.

  2. Down by the Riverside: A CRT Perspective on Education Reform in Two River Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Celia Rousseau; Dixson, Adrienne D.

    2016-01-01

    In this article, the authors utilize core ideas from Critical Race Theory (CRT) to examine the nature of education reform in two river cities. Similar to other cases of education reform in urban districts, the reforms in the two focal cities reflect at least four characteristics in common: (1) a form of portfolio management; (2) the growth of…

  3. The 2004 survey of community banks in the Tenth District

    OpenAIRE

    Forest Myers; Eric Robbins

    2004-01-01

    Periodically, the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City surveys Tenth District bankers for their views on a variety of matters. In February 2004, we solicited banker opinion on a number of topics pertaining to governance and staffing practices, vendor management practices, competitive environment and future prospects, interest rate risk management practices, internet banking services, and payments system issues. This article briefly sets out the survey methodology and describes the applicabilit...

  4. ENVIRONMENTAL ECOSYSTEM AND INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION AT THOOTHUKUDI DISTRICT, TAMILNADU

    OpenAIRE

    Ravindran, A. Antony

    2013-01-01

    The focus of this paper is to investigate the environmental ecosystem in Thoothukudi district. The study area is the small and large scale industrial city of Tamilndu. Chemical industry and power plant and marine fishing affect the ecosystem of the study area. Airborne emissions emitted from various industries are the cause of major concern. These emissions are of two forms such as, suspended particulate matter (SPM) and gaseous emission of sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and carbon monoxi...

  5. A new distributed framework for integration of district energy data from heterogeneous devices

    OpenAIRE

    Patti, Edoardo; Macii, Enrico; Acquaviva, Andrea; Grosso, Michelangelo; Brundu, Francesco Gavino

    2015-01-01

    The introduction of "smart" low-cost sensing (and actuating) devices enabled the recent diffusion of technological products within the "Internet of Things" paradigm. In a city district context, such devices are crucial for visualization and simulation of energy consumption trends, to increase the energy distribution network efficiency and promote user awareness. Nevertheless, to unlock the potential of this technology, many challenges have to be faced at district level due to the current lack...

  6. Sister Cities Flourish

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Building sister city relation,also known as friendsh ip city,is a common channel for cities in different countries to keep a closer tie and communication.According to the statistics from China International Friendship Cities Association,up to the end of 2007,1087 provinces and states and 314 cities from 120 countries in the world have found their sister cities in China.Among them,Japan has the largest amount of Chinese sister cities,that is 200 provinces and 33 cities,and takes up almost 17 percent of the total number.

  7. City positioning theories and city core competencies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xinquan; Zhu

    2007-01-01

    Gity positioning The Chinese city in a decision develops the topic of the destiny. Since the 90's of 20 centuries, the economic integral and globalization developed rapidly. The development make national boundary become not so important, the function of the city is increasingly outstanding. In other words, national competition ability is morally now on the city competition ability. At the same time, this development result that the industry is divided internationally and is divided in cities. Therefore, under the condition of globalization, if the city wants the superior development, it must take advantages and avoid shortage, to position the city accurately, establish the competition and development the strategy. The city positioning is clearly defined the city competition ability, more important it indicated the direction of the city development. Trough the analysis of the resource and environment of the city, decide an accurate position of the best function of the city, well configure the inner and outside resource, catch the opportunities,face the challenges, maximized the market share in order to maximized the wealth and city competition ability.

  8. VII international district heating conference

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The proceedings of the 7th International District Heating Conference contain the full texts of the 89 presented papers of which 11 fall under the INIS Subject Scope. The conference met in seven sessions and dealt with the following problem areas: design and optimization of systems of district heating, integration of the power system and the district heating systems, cooperation of nuclear and fossil burning sources in district heating systems, the use of specific nuclear power plants for heating purposes, questions of the control of systems of district heating, the development of components of heating networks, the reliability and design of heat supply pipes. (Z.M.)

  9. Knowledge Locations in Cities: Emergence and Development Dynamics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.M. da Costa Monteiro de Carvalho (Luís)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractThis thesis studies the development of knowledge locations: area-based initiatives aimed at agglomerating knowledge-intensive activities in a designated area or city district (e.g. technology parks, creative “factories”). It relates the reinvigorated interest (and qualitative change) in

  10. The organized contadi. Administration and territoriality of "rural communities" in four districts of Lombardy (1210-1250 ca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Gabriele Nobili

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the evolution in the administrations of four Contadi in central and eastern cities of Lombardy (Bergamo, Brescia, Lodi and Mantova. It begins by examining the estate surveys that in the whole area start from the first two decades of the thirteenth century. These surveys will become instruments of knowledge of local territories. In addition it considers the legislation with which the city was seeking to build an active territoriality of the communities in the district. The district is also divided by cities into smaller administrative entities: the rural communities.

  11. Hedera helix L. and damages in Tlos Ancient City

    OpenAIRE

    Elinç, Z.K.; Korkut, T.; Kaya, L.G.

    2013-01-01

    There are various plant types in Tlos Ancient City of Fethiye district in the Province of Mugla, a city where different residential ruins of Lycia Civilization starting from Classical Age until Byzantine Period. Tlos is an important city in West-Lycia and is situated right on the control point of Lycia Way. Hedera helix L. is one of the plants living in this area, which attracts the attention as it mostly harms the ancient ruins. One of the most important reasons why Hedera helix L. is gr...

  12. How to make mega-cities energy efficient?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aoki, Hitoshi; Aoki, Yoshitaka

    2010-09-15

    Tokyo is a Megalopolis with 40 million+ population. It has an energy efficient profile due to its uniqueness as extensive mass rail transit networks, high density and compact urban formation, compact space oriented life style. The other feature is extensive use of electric heat pumps (EHP), which entails low carbon city profile. Further possibility is prepared with water thermal energy utilization, which is widely available also through EHP particularly in Tokyo central districts, which could make Tokyo one of the lowest carbon cities in the world. Emerging mega-cities are expected to learn from Tokyo's success and not from western conventional models.

  13. A City for All Citizens: Integrating Children and Youth from Marginalized Populations into City Planning

    OpenAIRE

    Willem van Vliet; Debra Flanders Cushing; Louise Chawla; Mara Mintzer; Victoria Derr

    2013-01-01

    Socially just, intergenerational urban spaces should not only accommodate children and adolescents, but engage them as participants in the planning and design of welcoming spaces. With this goal, city agencies in Boulder, Colorado, the Boulder Valley School District, the Children, Youth and Environments Center at the University of Colorado, and a number of community organizations have been working in partnership to integrate young people’s ideas and concerns into the redesign of parks and civ...

  14. THE HISTORICAL RESOURCES FOR TOURISM IN AND AROUND AHMEDNAGAR CITY (M.S.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikam Shailesh M.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is the fourth largest industry in the World. Many factors facilitates for the growth of tourism inAhmednagar District like different types of historical monuments, forts, museums, folklore, tribal culture evergreen forest, dense forest, natural scene, falls, biodiversity, vegetation, birds and wild life sanctuary attracts tourist. Nagar city is known as a historical city because it was founded by Nizam Shah. Therefore there are a lot of historical places in the city. After Nizam Shah Mughal, Maratha and British also ruled on the city. So the clubbing of historical tourist spots found in the Nagar city

  15. The dietary and nutritional status survey of 300 cases of aged people over 60 years old in Jiuyuan district of Baotou city%包头市九原区300例60岁以上老年人膳食营养状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王守忠; 许强

    2015-01-01

    Objective:to understand the dietary and nutritional status of the elderly of Jiuyuan district in Baotou City.Methods:300 cases of over 60 years old who had work initiative,clear mind,language and smooth communication in Jiuyuan District of Baotou City were randomly selected.We asked the species and quantity of food intake according to the unified food frequency questionnaire to elderly,in order to obtain the daily intake of food and nutrients of elderly people.Results:The old people above 60 years old for vegetables,fruits,milk and fish intake reached the recommended amount 85.2%,58.9%,69.6% and 60.4%;the average energy intake for the recommended amount of 82.3% ;protein intake to recommended standard 95.4% ;calcium,zinc,selenium intake reached the recommended amount of 49%,108.6% and 79.1%;vitamin A,vitamin B6,vitamin C and vitamin E intake were recommended doses of 65.2% ,16% ,64% and 118.5% ;breakfast,lunch,dinner heating respectively 25.1% ,48.9% and 26% . Conclusion:The dietary structure in the region over the age of 60 is not reasonable.Grains,potato and beans,meat and poultry is higher,fruits and vegetables,milk,eggs and fish intake deficiency.The heat distribution is not reasonable.Vitamin A,C intake, vitamin B6,D is a serious deficiency,calcium,zinc,selenium intake deficiency.%目的:了解包头市九原区老年人膳食营养状况。方法:在包头市九原区随机抽取300例能行能动、头脑清楚、语言沟通流畅的>60岁的老年人。根据统一制定食物频率调查表来询问老年人食物摄入种类与数量,以获得老年人每天食物和营养素的摄入量。结果:该地区>60岁老年人对于蔬菜、水果、奶类与鱼虾类摄入量分别达推荐量的85.2%、58.9%、69.6%和60.4%;平均热能摄入为推荐量的82.3%;蛋白质摄入量达到推荐标准的95.4%;钙、锌、硒摄入分别达推荐量的49.0%、108.6%和79.1%;维生素 A、维生素 B6、维生素 C 和维生素 E

  16. 杭州市下城区流动人口慢性病患病情况及危险因素分析%An analysis on the prevalence and risk factors of non - communicable diseases among immigrants in Xiacheng district in Hangxhou city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周晓红; 席胜军; 赵琪; 张睿

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the prevalence of non - communicable diseases(NCD)among immigrants in Xiacheng district in Hangzhou city and to provide a scientific evidence for the development of prevention and control measures. Methods Using multi - stage cluster sampling method,immigrants were recruited. A face - to - face interview was conducted using structured questionnaire including general condition,smoking,drinking,physical exercise and life satisfaction. Meanwhile,height,weight,waist circumference,blood pressure,blood glucose and blood lipids were examined. The risk factors of NCD were analyzed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Results A total of 303 immigrants aged over 18 years were randomly selected from 5 industries in Xiacheng district,Hangzhou. The prevalence rate of NCD among immigrants was 39. 60% ,and the prevalence rates of hypertension,diabetes,dyslipidemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD),asthma,cancer,bone and joint disease,cervical or lumbar disease were 16. 17% ,2. 97% ,28. 71% ,0. 99% ,0. 33% ,0. 66% ,3. 30% ,3. 63% , respectively. There were significant differences in the prevalence among immigrants of different industry,gender,age,education,marriage,body mass index (BMI),waist circumference,living environment,peasant - workers time and working way( P < 0. 05). Unconditional multivariate logistic regressions showed that accommodation and catering,social services,female,junior middle school and above were the protective factors,however overweight,obesity and waist circumference(male above 85 cm or female above 80 cm)were the risk factors. The odds ratios were 6. 112,11. 321,and 2. 315 respectively. Conclusion The prevalence rate of NCD among immigrants was high in urban area of Hangzhou city. Intervention strategy should be implemented timely in order to control the development of NCD according to the prevalence of different industry and related risk factors.%目的:了解杭州市下城区流动人口慢性病

  17. Study on the ICT Development Level of Elementary Education in Central China--Based on the Data Analysis of 5 Provinces 14 Cities (Districts) From Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Henan and Anhui%我国中部地区基础教育信息化发展水平研究*--基于湖北、湖南、江西、河南、安徽5省14个市(区)的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴砥; 李枞枞; 周文婷; 卢春

    2016-01-01

    The 5 provinces in central China have similar economic standard and large educational scale. The overall development level of ICT in elementary education in central China is inferior to medium level in nationwide scope. Besides, there is considerably gap among different provinces and different districts in the same province. Based on the spot check data of 14 districts from the 5 provinces, the paper made comparative analysis on the current situation of ICT development level in elementary education in central China. This signiifcant factors which impact the development of the ICT in elementary education in central China include:(1) The disparities of digital resources become obvious. The vast majority of primary and secondary schools haven’t set up school-based resource center, and the situation of high quality digital resources supported by teaching material has become worse; (2) The recognition degree of the information-based teaching application have been gradually improved. However, the application has not been infused into the link of teaching; (3) The ICT management in elementary education is in the initial stage. The application and popularization of ICT management in elementary education should be reinforced; (4) The ICT development level in provincial capital city and side-provincial capital cities are signiifcantly higher than ordinary city. The difference of ICT development of elementary education among districts is obvious.%我国中部5省经济水平相当,基础教育规模接近且总量较大,基础教育信息化整体发展水平在全国范围内属于中等偏下,省域间、省域内的差异较大。基于中部5省14市(区)的基础教育信息化抽样调查数据,该文对我国中部地区省域间、省域内的基础教育信息化发展现状及其差异性进行对比分析。研究发现影响中部省份基础教育信息化发展的显著因素包括:(1)数字资源整体差异较大,绝大部分中小学校未建

  18. The Analysis of disease spectrum of hospitalized patients of general hospital inGuangming new district of Shenzhen city from the year 2007 to 2011%深圳市光明新区2007-2011年综合医院住院病人疾病谱分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万孝先; 郑庆鸣; 刘义

    2014-01-01

    new district of Shenzhen city between 2007 and 2011 , and the average annual inpatients were 24785 person-time. Male patients accounted for 47.41%, while female patients accounted 52.59%. Majority of the patients were aged from 15 and 44(68.40%), and the people aged less than 1 ranked in the second place(12.53%). The top four diseases of the spectrum of disease were diseases of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium(28.79%), injury, poisoning, and certain other consequences of external causes(19.34%), diseases of the respiratory system(14.59%) and diseases of the digestive system(8.05%). The results of RSR revealed that there was no obvious variation in disease spectrum of hospitalized patient between 2007 and 2011. Diseases about pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium(54.75%)were the main reasons for women inpatients. Diseases related to injury, poisoning, and certain other consequences of external causes(33.62%)were the principal causes for men patients. The major reasons for hostipalized children contained respiratory diseases , infectious diseases and parasitic diseases. Conclusion Diseases of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium and injury, poisoning, and certain other consequences of external causes were the principal service of general hospitals of Guangming district. We should reasonably al ocate and coordinate the health resources on the basis of this feature.

  19. Research on influenza A (H1N1)vaccine coverage and influential factors among health-care workers in the Bao'an District, City of Shenzhen%深圳市宝安区医务人员甲型H1N1流感疫苗接种率及影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李苑; 刘开钳; 于宝柱; 吴泰顺; 马智超

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解深圳市宝安区医务人员甲型H1N1流感疫苗接种率及其影响因素.方法 在宝安区区级医院、街道医院以及所辖社区健康服务中心中随机抽取770名医务人员作为调查对象,进行不记名问卷调查.采用卡方检验和Logistic回归分析分别对疫苗接种率的影响因素进行单因素和多因素分析.结果 宝安区医务人员甲型H1N1流感疫苗接种率为55.03%,未接种的主要原因是担心出现疫苗不良反应,占39.10%.影响疫苗接种率的因素分别为高文化程度(大专:OR=0.462,95%CI 0.269~0.794;大学及以上:OR=0.250,95%CI 0.140~0.446)、医疗岗位为护士(OR=0.392,95%CI 0.228~0.675)、工作年限≤5年(OR=0.303,95%CI 0.197~0.465)、知道甲流疫苗接种时间(OR=1.413,95%CI 1.022~1.953)和近3年接种过季节性流感疫苗(OR=3.822,95%CI 2.634~5.544)等.结论 宝安区医务人员甲流疫苗接种率较高,但仍需加强甲流疫苗有效性和安全性宣传,重点为大专以上文化程度、护士、工作年限小于5年、不知道甲流接种时间和近3年无季节性流感疫苗接种史等人群.%Objective To study influenza A (H1N1) vaccine coverage and influenitial factors among health-care workers in the Bao'an District, City of Shenzhen.Methods A random sample of 770 health-care workers from Bao'an District was sampled, Workers at township hospitals and community health service centers responded to an anonymous questionnaire.The x2 test and logistic regression analysis were used in univariate analysis and multivariate analysis to evaluate factors influencing vaccine coverage.Results Influenza A (H1N1) vaccine coverage of health-care workers in Bao'an District was 55.03%.The main reason for not being vaccinated, which was given by 39.10% of respondents, concerned side effects.The factors influencing vaccine coverage were level of education (junior college: OR= 0.462, 95 % CI= 0.269-0.794; college or higher: OR=0.250, 95

  20. Influenza A H1 N1 Vaccination Coverage and Influencing Factors among Focus groups in Baoan District of Shenxhen City%深圳市宝安区重点人群甲型H1N1流感疫苗接种率及其影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘开钳; 李苑; 陆碧宇; 黄振宇; 朱奕

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the influenza A H1N1 vaccination coverage and influencing factors among 2 focus groups of medical workers and primary and secondary school students in Baoan District of Shenzhen City. [Methods] A total of 1 549 students and 770 medical workers were randomly selected for anonymous questionnaire survey in Baoan District. Chi-square test was used for univariate analysis of factors affecting the vaccination coverage. [ Results] The coverage rate of influenza A H1N1 vaccination was 30.39% in primary and secondary school students and 55.03% in medical workers of Baoan District. The main reason for unvacci-nated was fear of vaccination adverse reactions which in the above 2 groups occupied 36.81% and 39.10%. The vaccination coverage was significantly different between students with different age, different guardian occupation, whether knowing inoculating date of H1N1 vaccine or not, considering whether the vaccine against H1N1 or not, and having been vaccinated seasonal influenza vaccine in recent 3 years (P <0.05). And the vaccination coverage was significantly different between medical workers with different educational background, different positions, different service length, whether knowing inoculating date of H1N1 vaccine or not, and having been vaccinated seasonal influenza vaccine in recent 3 years (P < 0.05). [ Conclusion ] The propaganda of influenza A H1N1 vaccine effectiveness, safety and vaccination should be strengthened among medical workers and primary and secondary school students . The medical institutions should convey accurate information to the public via various channels.%目的 了解深圳市宝安区医务人员和中小学生两类重点人群甲型H1N1流感(简称甲流)疫苗接种率及其影响因素.方法 在宝安区所辖的中小学校和医疗机构中随机抽取1 549名学生和770名医务人员作为调查对象进行匿名问卷调查.采用卡方检验分别对疫苗接种率的影响因

  1. THE HISTORICAL RESOURCES FOR TOURISM IN AND AROUND AHMEDNAGAR CITY (M.S.)

    OpenAIRE

    Nikam Shailesh M .; Varat T. M.

    2015-01-01

    Tourism is the fourth largest industry in the World. Many factors facilitates for the growth of tourism inAhmednagar District like different types of historical monuments, forts, museums, folklore, tribal culture evergreen forest, dense forest, natural scene, falls, biodiversity, vegetation, birds and wild life sanctuary attracts tourist. Nagar city is known as a historical city because it was founded by Nizam Shah. Therefore there are a lot of historical places in the city. Af...

  2. Solar district heating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The model presented here analyzes solar district heating systems on the basis of the power supplied at the grid feeding point. Consumption patterns are taken into account only in the form of different preset load curves. Processes are selected in consideration of the following aspects: (1) The design of a solar district heating system (collector surface, storage volume) depends on the expected contribution of solar power to electricity supply. For each of the key years 1989, 2005 and 2020, a low, average and high contribution were investigated, from which design concepts for other supply rates can be derived. (2) Yields and economic efficiency of solar systems also depend on collector sites and consumption patterns. 10 variants each with low and very high contributions of solar power were calculated for the key year 2020. (orig.)

  3. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Polygon boundaries representing geographic extent of Enterprise Zone Focus Areas. Businesses in Baltimore City or Prince George's Co. Enterprise Zone Focus Areas may be eligible for Real Property, Personal Property or Income Tax Credits., Published in 2010, Smaller than 1:100000 scale, Maryland Department of Business and Economic Development.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at Smaller than 1:100000 scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of...

  4. A Regular City

    OpenAIRE

    Arina Sharavina

    2015-01-01

    The article describes the first plans of Chita, which served as the basis for the city development. It presents contribution to the city history made by the Decembrist Dmiry Zavalishin’s, who was the first author of the city development plan. Peculiarities of the quarter development of the realized city plan are also presented.

  5. Water changed the cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elle, Morten; Jensen, Marina Bergen

    An improvement in water infrastructure and cleaning up the waters changed many harbour cities in Denmark at the beginning of the 90s. The harbour cities changed from drity, run-down industrial harbours to clean and attractive harbour dwelling creating new city centres and vital city areas...

  6. The human development index: a portrait of the 75 districts in Nepal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thapa, S

    1995-06-01

    A Human Development Index (HDI) is computed for Nepal's 75 districts based on minimum and maximum values. Life expectancy and literacy data are based on the 1991 census. Real per capita Gross Domestic Product is in purchasing power parity (PPP) in US dollars in 1994. Resource access per capita uses data on bank deposits and credits in mid-1991. Results show a range in life expectancy from a low of 37 years in Mugu district to a high of 74 years in Kathmandu district. National literacy averages about 40% of total population. District averages range from 21% in Humla district to 71% in Kathmandu. Resource access ranges from Rupees 147 in Kalilot district to Rupees 47,000 in Kathmandu district. The national average is Rupees 2590 (Rupees 37.2 = 1 US dollar in 1991). Correlations between the 3 HDI indicators show a stronger correlation between life expectancy and literacy. Each indicator appears to represent some unique aspect. District level correlation among the 3 indicators is weaker. The highest HDI ranks are in Kathmandu, followed by Lalitpur, which has a substantially lower rank. The 5th highest rank is in the industrial city of Biratnagar, and the 8th highest rank is in Chitwan. The traditional garments and brassware district of Palpa ranks 17th. Modern Gorkha district ranks 32nd. The Mount Everest district of Solukhumbu ranks 43rd. Kapilbastu, the birth place of Buddha, ranks 56th. Districts north of Kathmandu rank 51st and 54th. Only 5 districts have a rank of over 5. 14 districts have HDI values ranging between 0.4 and 0.5. 30 districts have values between 0.3 and 0.4. 15 districts have values between 0.2 and 0.3. The worst 11 districts have values under 0.2. The UN Development Programme considers a value below 0.5 a low level of human development, which means 70 of Nepal districts. Only Kathmandu has a high level. Lalitpur, Kaski, Bhaktapur, and Morang have a medium level of human development. Correlation of HDI with other development indicators indicates

  7. Power-knowledge in district-based planning : the case of regeneration in Kowloon City District

    OpenAIRE

    Yeung, Kin-ho; 楊建豪

    2014-01-01

    For the past decade, Hong Kong’s redevelopment strategy has been dictated by property-led urban regeneration. This approach is highly controversial as it often neglects the voices of people in the plan-making process. The growing desire for transparency and public involvement in the city’s governance system prompted the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) Government to introduce broad-based public engagement (PE) procedures to its institutional framework. In 2011, the new Urban Re...

  8. 78 FR 49469 - Stephen Glen Guerra, Inmate #98595-279, FCI Yazoo City Medium, Federal Correctional Institution...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-14

    ... Notices, the most recent being that of August 15, 2012 (77 FR 49699 (August 16, 2012)), has continued the... Bureau of Industry and Security Stephen Glen Guerra, Inmate 98595-279, FCI Yazoo City Medium, Federal..., 2012, in the U.S. District Court, Western District of Texas, Stephen Glen Guerra (``Guerra''),...

  9. Districts, spillovers, and government overspending

    OpenAIRE

    Baqir, Reza

    1999-01-01

    The author considers the overspending bias in legislatures when the benefits of public policies are concentrated in particular districts but the costs of financing them are spread over the entire political jurisdiction. He formalizes this idea in a simple theoretic framework, in the context of externalities between districts. His main prediction is that greater districting leads to bigger government, but the effects are mitigated if there are positive spillovers of government spending between...

  10. 新时期不同类型农户生计脆弱性研究——以重庆市合川区为例%The Vulnerability of Different Types of Farmers' Livelihood in the New Era:A Case of Hechuan District of Chongqing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷雨; 王青

    2013-01-01

    为探讨现阶段不同类型农户的生计脆弱性,对“生计脆弱性”概念进行了界定并将农户分为三类,在此基础上建立了评估农户生计脆弱性的综合分析框架和指标体系,并利用重庆市合川区入户调查数据,对不同类型农户的生计脆弱性程度进行实证分析.结果表明,纯农户的生计脆弱性程度最高,外出务工农户次之,当地非农就业农户最低;缺乏完善的养老保障和农业发展落后是纯农户生计脆弱性的主要原因,外出务工对外出务工农户生计脆弱性存在双向影响,当地非农产业的脆弱性是导致当地非农就业农户生计脆弱性的重要原因.因此,制定改善农户生计脆弱性的相关措施需要充分考虑农户类型的不同.%In order to investigate the vulnerability of different types of farmers' livelihood during the present stage,this study defined the concept of the vulnerability of farmers' livelihood and divided the farmers into three categories,on this basis,the authors established a comprehensive analytical framework and indicator system to assess the vulnerability of farmers' livelihood,and empirically analyzed the degree of vulnerability of different types of farmers' livelihood by using the household survey data of Hechuan district in Chongqing city.The results showed that the degree of the vulnerability of migrant farmers'livelihood is higher than that of local non-farm employment farmers,and the degree of the vulnerability of pure farmers' livelihood is the highest of all.The lack of complete old-age security and the trail of agriculture development are the main reasons to the vulnerability of pure farmers' livelihood,migrant-working has both positive and negative influentce on vulnerabihty of migrant-working farmers' livelihood,the vulnerability of local non-agricultural industries leads to the vulnerability of non-farm employment farmers' livelihood.Therefore,the relevant measures to improve farmers

  11. 北京市顺义区产后4~12月乳母膳食营养分析%Analysis on dietary nutrition of foster-nurses at 4-12 months after delivery in Shunyi district of Beijing city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯荔; 高彭; 刘雅娟; 李永进; 李玉堂; 梁和平; 甄国新; 吕金昌; 刘秀峰; 陈东宛

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解北京市顺义区乳母膳食特点并提出合理建议,以利于改善母婴健康状况.方法:运用3天24h回顾法调查167名乳母,对每个调查对象的各类食物摄入量进行询问,计算三大产能营养素、各种矿物质及维生素的每日平均摄入量.结果:能量平均值为1 519.50 kcal/d,蛋白质、脂肪、碳水化合物平均值分别为60.05/d、38.91 g/d和240.46 g/d,磷、钙、钾、钠、镁、铁、锌、硒摄入量平均值分别为896.78 mg/d、426.40 mg/d、1 646.25 mg/d、839.20 mg/d、282.70 mg/d、17.49 mg/d、7.99 mg/d和40.83 mg/d,VA、VC、VE、硫胺素、核黄素、叶酸、烟酸、VB6摄入量平均值分别为592.77 μgRE/d、83.52 mg/d、5.25 mg/d、0.88 mg/d、0.86 mg/d、176.66 μg/d、12.22 mg/d和0.32 mg/d.其中除磷外,其他营养素与推荐摄入量相比较均偏低.结论:乳母膳食中的三大产能物质、各种矿物质及维生素的摄入与推荐值相比相对不足.%Objective: To understand the dietary characteristics of foster - nurses in Shunyi district of Beijing city , improve health status of mothers and infants. Methods: A total of 167 foster - nurses were investigated by 24 - hour retrospective analysis method, then the intake of foods of every respondents was inquired, the average intake of three nutrients, various materials, and vitamins every day were calculated. Results: The average energy was 1 519. 50 kcal per day, the average values of protein, fat, and carbohydrate were 60. 05 g/d, 38,91 g/d, and 240.46 g/d, respectively; the average intake of phosphorus, calcium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, iron, zinc, and selenium were 896. 78 mg/d, 426- 40 mg/d, 1 646. 25 mg/d, 839. 20 mg/d, 282. 70 mg/d, 17, 49 mg/d, 7. 99 mg/d, and 40. 83 mg/d, respectively; the average intake of vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, thiamin, lactoflavin, folic acid, nicotinic acid, and vitamin B6 were 592. 77 μgRE/d, 83.52 mg/d, 5.25 mg/d, 0.88 mg/d, 0,86 mg/d, 176.66 μg/d, 12.22 mg

  12. 深圳市宝安区足浴场所从业人员艾滋病相关知识、态度及其影响因素%AIDS-related knowledge,attitudes,and its influencing factors among footbath places employees in Baoan District of Shenzhen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈荣川; 王木清

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解足浴场所从业人员艾滋病知识知晓情况,为进一步实施干预提供依据.方法 对深圳市宝安区324名足浴从业人员进行艾滋病相关知识问卷调查.结果 从业人员对艾滋病三大传播途径的知晓率较高,但对非传播途径的知晓率普遍较低,仅有33.48%的人认为艾滋病病毒不会通过蚊虫叮咬传播.该人群对艾滋病患者较为友好,有67.08%的人愿意关爱或象普通人一样对待艾滋病患者.64 38%的人希望从疾病预防和卫生监督部门获取艾滋病知识.单因素分析结果显示,艾滋病基本知识得分与文化程度、性别、户籍、来深圳工作年限和居住方式有关.多因素logistic回归分析显示,来深圳工作年限、文化程度、居住方式和户籍是艾滋病基本知识得分的影响因素.结论 应针对该场所从业人员艾滋病知识薄弱环节开展宣传教育,并应充分发挥疾病预防控制中心和卫生监督部门的影响力,做好该高危人群性病、艾滋病的健康教育工作.%[Objective]To investigate the knowledge level of HIV/AIDS among foot bath employees, and provide evidence for further implementation of the interventions.. [ Methods ] A total of 322 footbath employees from Baoan District of Shenzhen City were chosen for questionnaire survey about HIV/AIDS. [Results]Most employees knew AIDS 3 major routes of transmission, but only a few knew the non - transmission routes. Only 33.48% thought that HIV virus could not be transmitted by mosquito bites; 67.08% were willing to care for AIDS patients or treated them as ordinary people; 64. 38% were willing to accept the health education of HIV/AIDS from CDC and department of health inspection. Univariate analysis showed that influencing factors of basic HIV/AIDS knowledge score were education, sex, census register, residential type and the years living in Shenzhen. Multi-factor logistic regression analysis showed that factors influencing

  13. Prevalence of deciduous dental caries and the risk factors in first grade primary school students in Chancheng District of Foshan City%佛山市禅城区一年级小学生乳牙龋病流行状况及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄诺蓓; 陈志斌; 王新; 周子亮; 翟炜东

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the prevalence of deciduous dental caries and the risk factors in first grade primary school students in Chancheng District of Foshan City, thus to provide scientific bases for prevention and treatment on caries. Methods A sample of 291 first grade primary school students was selected using random cluster sampling method. The caries of deciduous teeth were examined and the questionnaires were sent to their parents. The data were analyzed with SPSS 13.0 software package. Results The caries prevalence rate of deciduous teeth was 33.7% ,with mean dmft 0. 97. There was no significant difference of prevalence rate between two genders (P > 0. 05). Logistic regression analysis showed that number of child in the family, the main beverages everyday , and the frequency of intake of sweet food, were risk factors of deciduous dental caries. Conclusion It was important to strengthen the education of the oral hygiene knowledge, to change dietetic habits, and to introduce good oral hygiene habits.%目的 调查佛山市禅城区一年级小学生乳牙龋病状况及其相关影响因素,为龋病防治工作提供参考.方法 采用随机整群抽样法,抽取291名一年级小学生进行乳牙龋病检查,同时向其家长派发口腔健康调查问卷.对数据进行统计分析.结果 佛山市禅城区一年级小学生乳牙患龋率为33.7%,龋均为0.97±1.79,统计分析显示男女间差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).进行影响龋病的单因素分析,发现是否独生子女、母亲的学历、日常的主要饮料、进食甜食的频率和进食后漱口的频率对小学生乳牙患龋率有影响.多因素Logistic回归分析表明是否独生子女、日常主要饮料和进食甜食的频率是儿童乳牙患龋的危险因素.结论 加强口腔卫生知识宣教,改善小学生的饮食习惯,养成良好的口腔卫生习惯,是预防乳牙龋病发生的有效措施.

  14. The status survey of only child loss families and only child disabled families in Renhe district of Panzhihua city%四川攀枝花市仁和区失独及独生子女伤残家庭现状调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李天蓉

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the status of only child loss families and only child disabled families in Renhe district of Panzhihua city,to provide the basis for government policy making. Methods A total of 174 only child loss families and only child disabled families were surveyed,the reasons of child loss,conditions of disability,influence factors of reproduction and endowment situation were analyzed. Results Among 174 only child loss families,the main reasons of child loss included illness,contingency, traffic accident which accounted for 87 % . The conditions of disability mainly were physical disability,cerebral diseases and hearing disability which accounted for 74 % . The psychical factors were the dominating influence factors of reproduction in only child loss families,while the economic factors were the dominating influence factors of reproduction in only child disabled family. For endowment situation,the institutional pension accounted for 53 % ,while family pension accounted for 47 % . Conclusion The only child loss families and only child disabled families are facing the problems of psychological trauma,economic distress,reproduction difficulties, endowment,medical security,et al,which need the corresponding social insurance and care.%目的:了解攀枝花市仁和区失独及独生子女伤残家庭基本情况,为政府制定政策提供依据。方法对攀枝花市仁和区174个失独及独生子女伤残家庭开展调查,分析失独原因和伤残状况,影响再生育因素及养老状况。结果调查174户独生子女家庭,失独原因中疾病、意外事故、交通事故,占失独总数的87%。伤残现状中肢体残疾、脑部疾病,听力残疾,占伤残总数的74%。影响再生育因素:失独家庭中心理精神因素居首位,伤残中经济因素居首位。养老现状:60岁以上,机构养老占53%,家庭养老占47%。结论失独和伤残家庭面临精神创伤和经济窘迫、再生育困难

  15. 佛山市南海区农村居民社区卫生服务知晓、利用影响因素调查%Investigate on the Factors which Influence Community Health Services Utilization and Awareness of Rural Residents in Nanhai District of Foshan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭倩; 薛智; 曹晓鸥

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解佛山市南海区农村居民健康状况及社区卫生服务的利用情况.方法:采用分层随机抽样抽取南海区农村居民1012户, 2450人进行流行病学调查.结果:调查人群两周患病率为8.1%,慢性病患病率为8.8%.单因素分析,年龄越小、文化程度越高、收入越高、婚姻状况越好的居民对社区卫生服务知晓率越高;年龄越小、月收入越低、婚姻状况越好的居民对社区卫生服务利用率越高.多因素Logistics回归分析表明婚姻状况好、无医保、文化程度高、月平均收入高、两周患病率高、患有慢性病的居民社区卫生服务利用率高.结论:调查人群健康状况总体较好,两周患病率与慢性病患病率均不高.不同人群对社区卫生服务知晓和利用情况不同,年龄、文化程度、月收入、婚姻状况、两周患病率、患慢性疾病等因素影响农村居民对社区卫生服务利用.%Objective:To find out the health status and community health services utilization of rural residents in Nanhai district of Foshan city. Method:Use stratified random sampling selected 2450 people to conduct epidemiological investigations who were rural residents 1012 family.Result:The surveyed two weeks prevalence was 8.1%,chronic diseases was 8.8%.Univariate analysis indicated that younger,the higher level of education,higher income,marital status,the community health service awareness rate was higher;younger,the lower income,marital status,the community health service utilization rate was higher.Multivariate Logistics regression analysis showed that the residents who with a good marriage,no health care,high cultural level,high monthly average income,two week prevalence rate,suffering from chronic diseases the utilization of community health service rate was high.Conclusion:People who surveyed in this research are good health.The prevalence rate of two week and chronic disease are not high.Different people have different

  16. Coinfecção de Tb/HIV em um distrito administrativo do município de São Paulo Coinfección de TB/VIH en un distrito administrativo del municipio de Sao Paulo Coinfection of Tuberculosis / Human Immunodeficiency Virus in an administrative district in the city of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Hino

    2012-01-01

    profile of people coinfected with Tuberculosis (TB and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV , who were residents in the administrative district of Capão Redondo in the city of São Paulo, during the period between 2000 to 2009. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. RESULTS: From a total of 1,612 TB cases, 162 cases were positive for HIV. There was a predominance in the age group of 30 to 39 years (39.5%, male gender (61.1% and the pulmonary form (68.5%. Only 47.5% of cases progressed to obtain the cure, 13% abandoned treatment and 32.2% died. RESULTS: The results emphasize the need for knowledge of the situation of TB / HIV co-infection in order to offer adequate assistance to these clients, considering that neither of these diseases can be discussed in isolation. CONCLUSION: We conclude that cases of TB / HIV association contribute to non-adherence to treatment and increased mortality.

  17. 珠海市斗门区男性外来务工人员艾滋病认知程度及相关行为调查%Survey on Awareness of AIDS and the Related Behaviors Among Male Migrant Workers in Doumen District of Zhuhai City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵泳瑜; 黄利群

    2012-01-01

    目的 掌握斗门区男性外来务工人员艾滋病知识及相关行为,为流动人口预防艾滋病健康教育与干预提供科学依据.方法 按照《流动人口人群哨点监测(健康调查问卷)》一对一问卷调查,采集血清检测HIV抗体.结果 调查823名男性外来务工人员,艾滋病传播途径知晓率为73.39%,非传播途径知晓率较低;近一年,与固定性伴发生性行为时,每次使用安全套的占18.51%,从未使用的占46.52%;与性服务人群发生过性行为的有41人,每次使用安全套的占51.22%,从未使用的占14.63%;与临时性伴发生过性行为的有135人,每次使用安全套的占44 44%,从未使用安全套的占16.30%.有10人曾有吸毒行为,1人注射吸毒,未与他人共用针其.未发现艾滋病病毒抗体阳性者.结论 促进流动人口性观念转变和安全性行为的建立对于预防艾滋病尤为重要.%Objective To investigate AIDS - related knowledge and behaviors among migrant workers in Doumen District of Zhuhai City, and to provide the scientific evidence for conducting HIV/AIDS prevention, health education, and intervention in migrant workers. Methods One- to- one questionnaire interviews were conducted to migrant workers according to AIDS Sentinel Surveillance of Floating Population (Health Survey Questionnaire)- Serum samples were collected from the surveyed workers for H!V - antibody detection. Results A total of 823 male migrant workers were surveyed. The awareness rale of transmission route of HIV/AIDS was 73.39%, but the awareness rate of non - transmission route was lower. The proportion of the migrant workers who used condoms with fixed sex partner each time in nearly one year was 18.51%, but that of the workers who never used condoms accounted [or 46. 52%. 41 migrant workers had had sex intercourse with commercial sex workers, 51.22% of them used condoms each time and 14.63% never used condoms. 135 migrant workers had had sex

  18. 广州市荔湾区产妇心理卫生服务利用现状调查%Investigation on the current situation of mental health service utilization among the parturient women in Liwan district of Guangzhou city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晏晓颖; 吴艳珊; 叶舒

    2012-01-01

    目的:调查产妇心理状况及其对心理卫生保健服务的利用现状,为探索在社区开展产妇心理卫生服务的模式提供依据.方法:在广州市荔湾区随机抽取5所社区卫生服务中心,对各中心产妇心理卫生服务状况进行调查,随机抽取产后42天产妇进行产后抑郁、心理卫生服务问卷调查.结果:产妇抑郁阳性率34.5%.27.6%产妇曾有心理卫生服务需要,16.3%曾接受过某种形式心理卫生服务.产妇对心理卫生服务的主观需求与产妇的心理健康状况、职业、家庭经济状况、费用支付方式、生育准备、是否上孕妇学校有关.结论:产妇存在着较大的心理问题,但针对产妇的心理卫生服务缺乏,为了增加产妇对心理卫生服务的主动性,社区卫生保健工作者应考虑服务的价格因素,加大心理卫生知识的宣传力度,将心理医生整合到初级保健机构,实现初级保健和心理关怀的融合.%Objective: To investigate the psychological status of parturient women and the current situation of mental health service utilization, provide a basis for researching mental health service pattern in community. Methods; Five community health service centers were selected randomly from liwan district of Guangzhou city, the mental health service conditions were surveyed, the parturient women at 42 days after delivery were selected for postpartum depression questionnaire survey and mental health service questionnaire survey. Results: The incidence of postpartum depression among the parturient women was 34. 5% , 27. 6% of the parturient women had the demands for mental health service, 16. 3% of them had received mental health service in some form. The subjective demands of the parturient women for mental health service was related to the psychological status, occupation, family economic status, the ways of paying for fees, pregnancy preparation, and participating in school for pregnant women or not Conclusion

  19. 北京市大兴区庞各庄镇685例60岁以上老年人体检结果分析%Analysis on the physical examination results of 685 elderly people aged over 60 years old in Panggezhuang town of Daxing district in Beijing city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈亚娟; 于沛涛

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To understand the body mass index,blood lipid,blood glucose,hepatic and renal function levels of the elders aged over sixty in Panggezhuang town of Daxing district in Beijing city,and to guide them to have a rational diet and rational drug use,which guaranteed their health.Methods:685 cases of the elders aged over sixty had physical examination in 2013 and their height,weight,total cholesterol(TC),triglyceride(TG),high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C),low density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C),glucose(GLU),alanine aminotransferase (ALT),UREA and creatinine(CRE) were tested.Results:The sex and age distribution in 685 cases of medical crowd had no significant differences(P0.05).Different genders mean indicators of BMI,TC,TG,LDL-C,CRE had statistically significant differences(P0.05).Conclusion:Abnormal detection rates of TC,TG,HDL-C,GLU,UREA in the elders aged over 60 years old were high,and anomaly detection rates and detection mean on BMI,TC,TG,CRE had differences between women and men, which were paid attention to.It suggests that the elder should take regularly health examination and have some causes about scientific diet and exercise.%目的:了解北京市大兴区庞各庄镇685例>60岁老年人的体重指数、血脂、血糖、肝功能及肾功能水平,指导老年人合理膳食、合理用药,为老年人的身体健康提供保障。方法:2013年健康体检的>60岁老年人685例,检测其身高、体重、总胆固醇(TC)、甘油三酯(TG)、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDL-C)、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(LDL-C)、血糖(GLU)、丙氨酸氨基转移酶(ALT)、尿素(UREA)及肌酐(CRE)的水平。结果:685例体检人群中,不同性别年龄分布差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。超重、TC、TG、HDL-C、LDL-C、GLU、ALT、UREA、CRE异常分别为44.38%、29.34%、40.00%、34.74%、4.67%、23.50%、4.09%、28.32%、5.40%。不同性别体重指数(BMI)、TC、TG、CRE异常检出

  20. A City for All Citizens: Integrating Children and Youth from Marginalized Populations into City Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willem Van Vliet

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Socially just, intergenerational urban spaces should not only accommodate children and adolescents, but engage them as participants in the planning and design of welcoming spaces. With this goal, city agencies in Boulder, Colorado, the Boulder Valley School District, the Children, Youth and Environments Center at the University of Colorado, and a number of community organizations have been working in partnership to integrate young people’s ideas and concerns into the redesign of parks and civic areas and the identification of issues for city planning. Underlying their work is a commitment to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and children’s rights to active citizenship from a young age. This paper describes approaches used to engage with young people and methods of participation, and reflects on lessons learned about how to most effectively involve youth from underrepresented populations and embed diverse youth voices into the culture of city planning.

  1. Oral health knowledge, attitudes and practice among teachers of primary and secondary schools in Gongshu District of Hangzhou City%杭州市拱墅区中小学教师口腔健康知信行现状调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晨曦; 裘霞敏; 居斌; 王雪林; 牛虹懿; 周心驰

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the current status and influencing factors of oral health knowledge,attitudes and practice (KAP) among the teachers of primary and secondary schools in Gongshu District of Hangzhou City.Methods A total of 652 teachers of primary and secondary schools were selected by using multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method and completed a self-designed questionnaire,which included demographic characteristics and oral health KAP.The status and influencing factors of oral health KAP were analyzed by single and multiple-factor analysis methods.Results The questionnaire was completed by all the 652 teachers,627 of whom were qualified (96.2%).The total ratios of oral health knowledge awareness,attitudes correctness and behaviors formation were 77.1%,68.7% and 46.3%,respectively.There was significant difference of knowledge awareness rate by age,gender,marriage status,monthly income,life status and current cigarette smoking (x2 values were 11.48,8.57,8.12,8.46,23.97 and 4.64,respectively; all P<0.05).There was significant difference in oral health attitudes correctness rate by gender (x2=10.65,P<0.05) and behaviors formation rate by gender,education level and life status (x2 values were 3.95,10.88 and 10.41,respectively; all P<0.05).In logistic regression model,impact factors of oral health knowledge awareness were age,gender,life status and physical exercises; the impact factors of oral health attitudes correctness were gender and monthly income; the impact factors of oral health behaviors formation were gender,level of education and physical exercises.Conclusion The oral health awareness and attitudes correctness are acceptible among the teachers of primary and secondary schools in Gongshu District of Hangzhou City,although the formation rate of oral health behaviors is low.Oral health education should be enforced among the teachers of primary and secondary schools.%目的 了解杭州市拱墅区中小学教师口腔健康知信

  2. Knowledge and behavior of adults about hypertension care in a subdistrict of Xiqing District of Tianjin City in 2011%2011年天津市西青区某街道成人高血压保健知识与行为的现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    窦斐; 姜广启

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the present status and its influencing factors of hypertension self- care ability among adults in a subdistrict of Xiqing District of Tianjin City. [ Methods] Phased systematic sampling method was adopted to recruit 2 268 adults a-bove 18 years from 8 villages (subdistrict} as study objects. A face-to-face questionnaire survey was adopted to investigate socio-demographic characteristics of the family members and the general condition of family, health status, health care services, daily habits and hypertension care knowledge and skills. [ Results ] A total of 536 hypertension patients were identified in the surveyed population, with the prevalence of 23.63%. The differences of awareness of hypertension related health knowledge were significant. The awareness of blood pressure, diagnostic criteria for hypertension and how to treatment hypertension with medication of hypertension patients was significantly higher than that of the non - hypertensive population (P<0.05). While the awareness of " standard daily salt consumption" of hypertension patients was significantly lower than that of the non - hypertensive population (P<0.05). Health behavior factor of smokers quitting behavior rate was relatively low among hypertension patients (5.73% ). Compared hypertension patients with non - hypertensive population, smoker quitting, no drinking, regular physical exercise constituent ratio were significantly higher in hypertension patients (P<0.05), while the rate of no smoking was significantly higher in non - hypertensive population(P<0.05). [ Conclusion] The adults in a subdistrict of Xinqing District possess a certain awareness and ability of hypertension prevention and treatment. But their hypertension control knowledge and lifestyle improvement still need to give specific guidance to improve their hypertension self-care ability%目的 了解天津市西青区某街道成年人高血压自我保健能力的现状及影响因素.方法 采用分

  3. 温州市瓯海区2008—2013年预防接种后过敏性皮疹监测分析%Surveillance analysis on anaphylactic rash after immunization in Ouhai District of Wenzhou City, 2008-2013

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈红丹; 林献丹; 刘丽琳; 李万仓

    2015-01-01

    [目的] 分析温州市瓯海区2008—2013年预防接种后过敏性皮疹的发生特征. [方法] 收集温州市瓯海区2008—2013年疑似预防接种异常反应( AEFI)信息管理系统中诊断为过敏性皮疹的个案数据,采用描述性流行病学方法进行分析. [结果] 瓯海区2008—2013 年共报告过敏性皮疹111 例,过敏性皮疹报告发生率为3.58/10万剂. 男女性别比为1.27:1;<1岁儿童占65.77%;不伴发热的占75.68%;第三季度报告数占41.44%;主要发生在接种疫苗后24 h内(81.08%). 报告病例数居前三位的是麻-风疫苗(35.14%)、无细胞百白破疫苗(18.92%)、甲型H1N1流感疫苗(5.41%);报告发生率居前三位的是7价肺炎疫苗(115.85/10 万剂)、麻-风疫苗(29.33/10万剂)和甲型H1N1流感疫苗(13.07/10万剂). [结论] 需加强过敏性皮疹的鉴别诊断,虽然大部分疫苗过敏性皮疹报告发生率均在预期范围内,但仍需加强监测分析,尤其要关注发生率相对较高的疫苗.%[ Objective ] To analyze the characteristics of anaphylactic rash after vaccination in Ouhai District of Wenzhou City during 2008-2013. [ Methods ] Data on anaphylactic rash cases reported during 2008-2013 were collected through the national AEFI information management system.And descriptive epidemiologic methodology was used in this study. [ Results] A total of 111 anaphylactic rash cases were reported in Ouhai District during 2008-2013,the reported incidence rate of anaphylactic rash were 3.58 per million doses.The ratio of male-female was 1.27:1.Cases of ≤1 year old accounted for 65.77%.Those without fever accounted for 75.68%.The number of the reports for the third quarter of the year accounted for 41.44%of the total.The cases of anaphylactic rash mostly occurred within 24 h after immunization(81.08%) .The top three vaccines reported in occurrence of rash were measles and rubella at-tenuated live vaccine(35.14%), diphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertussis combined

  4. Impacts of urbanization on urban agricultural landscape--A case study of Chang’an District, Xi’an City%城市化对都市农业景观的影响--以西安市长安区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王云; 周忠学

    2014-01-01

    There is an increasingly significant impact of urbanization on urban agricultural landscape. Knowing what changes are occurring in urban agricultural landscape patterns as a result of urbanization is critical for adjusting and optimizing the interactions between urbanization and urban agriculture. This is also critical for constructing urban landscapes which integrate into urban agriculture and thereby induce sustainable development. By using remote sensing (RS), Geographic Information System (GIS) and FRAG-STAT techniques, the dynamic changes in urban agricultural landscape (arable lands and garden plots) in the process of urbanization were analyzed in this paper. The paper used Chang’an District of Xi’an City as a case. It discussed the relationship between urbanization and urban agricultural landscape. The results show: ① Compared with 1999, the area of arable lands decreased and aggregation of arable lands declined by 2.45%in 2011 in Chang’an District. The area of garden plots increased while their aggregation increased by 10.44%in 2011 compared with those in 1999. ② The fragmentation of arable lands increased in 15 towns and subdistricts, while area and aggregation of garden plots increased. ③ Correlation analysis showed that improvement of urbanization level decreased area, and increased fragmentation of arable lands. However, the correlations between comprehensive urbanization level and patch number, shape index and aggregation index of arable lands were difficult to determine. Garden plots showed an agglomeration trend in space. Furthermore, the correlation coefficients between urbanization level and landscape indexes of garden plots were less than 0.5, which was insignificant. ④ There were different action mechanisms of urbanization levels on arable lands and garden plots. In higher and low levels of urbanization, the relationship between urbanization and arable lands landscape indexes were relatively clear. However, for garden plots, there

  5. 基于LUCC的生态系统服务空间化研究——以张掖市甘州区为例%An spatial ecosystem services approach based on LUCC: a case study of Ganzhou district of Zhangye City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁友嘉; 徐中民; 钟方雷; 宋晓谕

    2013-01-01

    The assessment of Ecosystem Services (ES) is a relatively new scientific methodology,and it can offer a possible approach to the palliation and prevention of complex ecological problems caused by human activities and also helpful to the resolution of conflicts arising from land-use questions.Since Ecosystem Services were launched as a major conceptual tool in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA,2005),interest in them has been increasing rapidly.Despite the scientific as well as economic and political enthusiasm for the approach,only few case studies have as yet been published.We studied the interface between Ecosystem Services and landscape or land use planning in Ganzhou district of Zhangye city,in western Gansu province,integrating ES and land use is our core object.In the article,we present a visualization methodology and various data which can be used in applied research on Ecosystem Services.Firstly,we classify the Ecosystem Services offered by various biotopes and land use types of the study area,and then examine the effects of different land-use types and forms on the provision of ESs.On the basis of our results,we discuss the uncertainty of data and method,and suggest possible advantage and disadvantage of the approach in case studies.The results show that:1)The four types of ES production capacity values were shown to:Cultural Services>Supporting Services>Regulating service>Provisioning services at two scales of the irrigated and Ganzhou District ; 2) From 2000 to 2009,the four types of ES supply were decreasing,at the same time,urban land use and road network construction which driven by human activities were rapidly increasing,and the whole oasis of agricultural area had exploited overly ; 3) The approach developed in this study is highly workable and reliable,and the difficult work is analysis of multi-disciplinary data and knowledge.This study may have some implications for the ES assessment of other zones.%生态系统服务(ES)评价为

  6. Investigation on awareness rate of knowledge about tuberculosis prevention and treatment among employees in public places of Decheng District of Dezhou City%德州市德城区公共场所从业人员结核病防治知识知晓率调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金淑平; 高桂英; 张世来

    2015-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the effect of health promotion strategy in public places of Decheng District of Dezhou City,provide the basis for further health promotion of tuberculosis prevention among employees in public places.[Methods] The questionnaire survey on knowledge about tuberculosis was conducted among public place employees who have received the health examination in the Decheng Center for Disease Control and Prevention from May to June 2014.[Results] A total of 836 people were investigated,95.81% of them believed that the tuberculosis is an infectious disease,and 93.66% knew that the tuberculosis can be cured.The awareness rate of two questions,that is where should the tuberculosis patient seek the doctor,and how long the patients got cough and sputum should be considered for the tuberculosis,was 67.46% and 58.25% respectively.The total awareness rate of core information about tuberculosis prevention and control was 80.31%,while that in males and females was 82.82% and 78.06% respectively,and the difference was statistically significant (x2=23.79,P<0.05).There was statistically significant difference in the total awareness rate of core information,the awareness rate in 30-39 year-old age group was the highest (89.86%),while that in 50-65 year-old age group was the lowest (65.98%),and the difference was statistically significant (x2=210.67,P<0.05).The awareness rate increased with the increasing of education level,that in people with the education level of college degree or above was 91.06%,and the difference was statistically significant (x2=203.32,P<0.05).The awareness rate increased with the increasing of working age,that in people with working age over 5 years was 91.64%,and the difference was statistically significant (x2=265.51,P<0.05).The total awareness rate of core information among employees in large-scale public places was higher than that among employees in small public places (x2=318.99,P<0.05).85.53% of

  7. Cities and Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Andrew K. Rose

    2005-01-01

    If one ranks cities by population, the rank of a city is inversely related to its size, a well-documented phenomenon known as Zipf's Law. Further, the growth rate of a city's population is uncorrelated with its size, another well-known characteristic known as Gibrat's Law. In this paper, I show that both characteristics are true of countries as well as cities; the size distributions of cities and countries are similar. But theories that explain the size-distribution of cities do not obviously...

  8. Smart city discourse as place-making boundary experience in Aalborg East

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engberg, Lars A.

    In 2013 the newly elected mayor in the Danish city of Aalborg campaigned to make the Aalborg East district a new ‘test field’ for smart city solutions and projects. Together with Aalborg City Council key stakeholders in the area agree to promote ‘smart city’ thinking and initiatives...... campus improvements etc. Substantial resources are currently invested in place-making projects, and stakeholders wish to explore integrated value creation opportunities. Ultimately, the smart city proponents aim to turn a relatively disadvantaged fringe area into a green growth district that creates...... value to the greater Aalborg region. The paper explores the smart city agenda as a boundary experience in relation to place-making and urban development in Aalborg East, applying the framework for understanding cross-sector collaborations by Crosby, Bryson and Stone (2010). The notion of a boundary...

  9. Making Cities Better Livelihood programs change the lives of urban residents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG HAIRONG

    2011-01-01

    For decades Chinese cities have vied with each other to top national and international development rankings.However,the triennial nationa st of cities with an advanced living environment judges candidates according to less conventional criteria.Cities across the country are evaluated not for their GDP,skylines or historical attractions,but for their cleanliness,government efficiency,public order and the courtesy of their citizens.The first version of the list,which included nine cities and three districts,was published in October 2005 by the Publicity Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in order to uplift urban environments across China.The second batch of 11 cities and three districts was certified in January 2009.

  10. Approach and practices of district energy planning to achieve low carbon outcomes in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    District energy planning is an important methodology to assist in realizing a lower carbon target. However, district energy planning has not yet been incorporated into the statutory planning system in China, primarily because there are no clear standards and specifications for these plans. In this paper, we propose a general framework and low carbon estimation method for district energy planning, which is based on evaluating the low carbon energy planning practices of several new districts in China. In addition, several key points of concern in the planning process are extracted and discussed: overall infrastructure planning; co-operation between city planning and other special low carbon eco-planning; investment, financing and profitable operation; planning management mechanisms; and the management of the construction of the energy system to coincide with the project schedule. We carried out a case study of a low carbon energy plan for a new district of Beijing to evaluate our framework. Finally, we conclude that to realize the low carbon target, regional energy planning covering technologies, the market and management should be standardized as soon as possible. -- Highlights: •A general framework for district energy planning is proposed. •A case study of a low carbon energy plan for a new district is carried out. •District energy planning should be standardized as soon as possible. •The most suitable spatial scale for energy planning is at the municipal level

  11. City Car = The City Car / Andres Sevtshuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sevtshuk, Andres, 1981-

    2008-01-01

    Massachusettsi Tehnoloogiainstituudi (MIT) meedialaboratooriumi juures tegutseva Targa Linna Grupi (Smart City Group) ja General Motorsi koostööna sündinud kaheistmelisest linnasõbralikust elektriautost City Car. Nimetatud töögrupi liikmed (juht William J. Mitchell, töögruppi kuulus A. Sevtshuk Eestist)

  12. Characteristics of District Evaluation Reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGranahan, Pamela

    This study provides information about the actual functions and activities of school district evaluation units by examining an integral product of the units. This product, an evaluation report, was examined from a nationwide sample of district evaluation organizations (N=116). Reports were checked for the presence of particular evaluation report…

  13. Internal Auditing for School Districts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuzzetto, Charles

    This book provides guidelines for conducting internal audits of school districts. The first five chapters provide an overview of internal auditing and describe techniques that can be used to improve or implement internal audits in school districts. They offer information on the definition and benefits of internal auditing, the role of internal…

  14. Redesigning the District Operating System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodas, Steven

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we look at the inner workings of a school district through the lens of the "district operating system (DOS)," a set of interlocking mutually-reinforcing modules that includes functions like procurement, contracting, data and IT policy, the general counsel's office, human resources, and the systems for employee and family…

  15. Decarbonising cities mainstreaming low carbon urban development

    CERN Document Server

    Rauland, Vanessa

    2015-01-01

    This book sets out some positive directions to move forward including government policy and regulatory options, an innovative GRID (Greening, Regenerative, Improvement Districts) scheme that can assist with funding and management, and the first steps towards an innovative carbon credit scheme for the built environment. Decarbonising cities is a global agenda with huge significance for the future of urban civilisation. Global demonstrations have shown that technology and design issues are largely solved. However, the mainstreaming of low carbon urban development, particularly at the precinct

  16. SHANGHAI – FROM DEVELOPMENT TO KNOWLEDGE CITY

    OpenAIRE

    Sigurdson, Jon

    2005-01-01

    This report provides insights on the expansive development in Shanghai of human resources in higher education and the creation of a huge web of incubators, university science parks, district industrial parks, and various specialized development zones. With a total population of some 17 million and a GDP per capita of around US$3,000 the city planners expects that 2.5 per cent of its GDP will in 2005 be used for research and development. FDI in high technology and returning scientists in micro...

  17. Bright Lights, Big Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Overabundant lighting has become another pollution source in the Chinese cities The glow of electric lights illuminating the nights of ever-brighter cities has been regarded as one of the signs of prosperity and modern civilization.

  18. A Crowded City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Over 4 million vehicles on road challenge Beijing’s city management Beijing, the city once known as the kingdom of bicycles, has become clogged with automobiles, the Beijing Municipal Government Publicity Office said on December 18.

  19. Managing for Results in America's Great City Schools. A Report of the Performance Measurement and Benchmarking Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Council of the Great City Schools, 2012

    2012-01-01

    "Managing for Results in America's Great City Schools, 2012" is presented by the Council of the Great City Schools to its members and the public. The purpose of the project was and is to develop performance measures that can improve the business operations of urban public school districts nationwide. This year's report includes data from 61 of the…

  20. Globalization and cities

    OpenAIRE

    Petrović Mina

    2004-01-01

    This paper deals with the basic concepts on cities within contemporary globalisation. First, it briefly reviews the city perspective within the world system theory (concepts of over-urbanisation, under-urbanisation, and dependent urbanisation), new international division of labour, theory of the second circuit of capital and informational society. The second part of the paper is dedicated to the concepts of global and world cities and their implications for the cities in developed and develop...

  1. Cities as Spatial Clusters

    OpenAIRE

    Ferdinand Rauch

    2013-01-01

    This paper shows that Zipf's Law for cities can emerge as a property of a clustering process. If initially uniformly distributed people chose their location based on a specific gravity equation as found in trade studies, they will form cities that follow Zipf's Law in expected value. This view of cities as spatial agglomerations is supported empirically by the observation that larger cities are surrounded by larger hinterland areas and larger countryside populations.

  2. U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This layer is a polygonal dataset that represents land and maritime boundaries for each representative United States Coast Guard district, which includes district...

  3. The witches' district: the urbanization process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riba, J

    1993-05-01

    The recommended approach to solving Panama's, or Latin America's, housing problem was to use an integrated program of services which considered not just housing, but also sanitation, roads, clean water supply, accessibility, educational and health services, financial resources, and human, legal, and administrative resources. Rapid population growth in cities from migration has created the "witches' district." Living conditions in "witches' districts" are characterized by poverty, crowded sleeping and living conditions, filth, lack of sanitary services, naked children, and files that hover around food, children, and garbage. Limited resources creates a mentality of partial solutions, rationing, and a closed attitude toward an integrated solution. Housing means more than a roof over one's head. There is planning, design, finance, administration, housing construction, and services. A shelter exists in a larger framework of a human habitat. The priority should be in order of importance: the physical structure of housing in a socially organized form, basic services including health and education, and availability of resources. Housing lobbyists have prevented integrated solutions because of their emphasis on the lack of housing units, and the identification of substandard housing. There is a narrow focus that deliberately reduces both the availability of housing and necessary services, whether at the local or community, regional, or national level. Housing is an urban problem, caused by urban population's high growth rates between 2.5% and 3.5%. There has been constant migration which has led to growth rates of 10% annually in large cities. Confounding the issue is the expectation from migrants that there will be dwelling space better than prior housing, drinkable water, electricity, rapid transit, and free services. Educational and health services which were adequate in rural life are unsuitable for urban living. Cars and trucks require paved roads. Living requires

  4. Shallow burial of district heating pipes; Grund foerlaeggning av fjaerrvaermeledningar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nilsson, Stefan; Saellberg, Sven-Erik; Bergstroem, Gunnar [Swedish National Testing and Research Inst., Boraas (Sweden)

    2006-07-28

    Previous studies have shown that the investment costs for district heating installations in suburban areas can be lowered with more rational construction work. This project has studied the possibilities of decreasing the laying depth for pipes in residential-area roads without risking damage on neither pipe nor road surface. An inventory of regulations from national and local authorities and district heating companies in Sweden was done. The larger cities have specific requirements regarding laying depth in road structures. In most places, however, the guidelines issued by the Swedish District Heating Association are followed. And in smaller cities, the question is handled directly by the municipal district heating company. In some places, e.g., Goeteborg, Joenkoeping and Luleaa, the local authorities and the district heating company have agreed on a smaller laying depth under certain circumstances. An analysis of the costs related to the excavation work, backfilling and asphalt laying showed that the costs can be reduced with about 30 % by decreasing the laying depth from 600 mm to 350 mm. A field trial was done with four twin pipes of dimension 2 x DN 32/160 laid 600 mm, 380 mm, 280 mm and 180 mm below the asphalt surface in a road with heavy traffic. Apart from the laying depth, the installation work was done in accordance with the guidelines from the Swedish District Heating Association. During traffic loading, measurements of internal deformations of the pipes, wheel-track depths in the asphalt surface and load-bearing capacity of the road structure were made. The deformation of the pipes is negligible at all laying depths. This is likely due to an arching action from the backfill which supports most of the forces from the traffic load. Significant wheel-tracks were measured, but they seem to correspond directly to settlements in the new soil. Hence, a shallower pipe trench leads to less prominent wheel-tracks. Shallow pipe burial yields slightly larger heat

  5. The Creative Cities Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The Creative Cities Network, started by UNESCO in 2004, is one of the world’s highest-level non-governmental organizations in creative industry. The network focuses on the excellence of its member cities as its main product, and finds ways to maintain relevance in city life, local economy

  6. Imagineering the city

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. van den Berg

    2015-01-01

    Cities today are products. The urban experience is commodified into marketable items by urban entrepreneurs. Urban administrations, city marketers, politicians, local businesses and other actors all over the world are developing entrepreneurial strategies to sell their city. From "‘I ♥ New York"’ to

  7. Enterobius vermicularis infection is well controlled among preschool children in nurseries of Taipei City, Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tu-Bin Chu

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Whether Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm infections among preschool children in Taipei City had truly declined was investigated. METHODS: A total of 6,661 preschool children from 28 nurseries were randomly selected from 4 major geographic districts in Taipei City to examine the status of pinworm infection by using adhesive thin cellophane tape swab method. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of pinworm infection was 0.5% (30/6,661. Boys (0.6%; 21/3,524 had higher prevalence than girls (0.3%; 9/3,137 (p=0.06. Southern district (0.6%; 10/1,789 showed insignificantly higher prevalence than Western district (0.2%; 1/606 (p=0.22. CONCLUSIONS: Pinworm screening program remains necessary for some parts of Taipei City.

  8. 重庆市永川区小学留守与非留守儿童心理健康状况的对照研究%Contrastive study on mental health status between left-behind children and un-left-behind children in Yongchuan district of Chongqing city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世玲; 甘世伟; 曾毅文; 赖卓莉; 张伟; 王燕

    2016-01-01

    Objective To understand the mental health status between left‐behind children and un‐left‐behind children during primary school period in Yongchuan district of Chongqing city ,and to provide the theoretical basis for the study of the left‐behind children children′s mental problems and formulating the strategy and measures for preventing their psychological problems .Methods The Mental Health Rate Scale for Pupil (M HRSP) was used to evaluate the mental health condition in 4 987 primary school pu‐pils from 4 primary schools in Yongcuan discrict ,including 3 482 un‐left‐behind children(69 .82% ) and 1 505 left‐behind children (30 .18% ) .Results Totally 4 753 effective questionnaires were taken back with the effective rate of 95 .31% .The detection rate of total score deviation in left‐behind children was 13 .98% ,which was significantly higher than in un‐left‐behind children(6 .33% ) . The deviation detection rate of learning disabilities in left‐behind children was 14 .90% ,emotional disorder was 16 .81% ,character flaw was 12 .36% ,social adjustment disorder was 13 .91% ,moral defect was 14 .27% ,bad habits was 15 .61% ,behavior disorder rate was 16 .53% and the special obstacles was 11 .72% .Compared with un‐left‐behind children ,excluding the character flaw ,social adjustment and moral defect ,the deviation detection rate and scores of other 5 items in left‐behind children were higher than those in un‐left‐behind children .The scores of learning disabilities ,emotional disorder and bad habits in male pupils were higher than those in female pupils with statistical difference(P< 0 .05) .The scores of learning disabilities ,emotional disorder ,character flaw and behavior disorder in the high grade pupils were higher than those in the low grade pupils ,the differences were statistically sig‐nificant(P<0 .05) .Conclusion The mental health level of rural left‐behind children in Yongchuan district is low ,the problems are more

  9. Potential local productive districts in Bogotá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Amézquita

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This research examines the siting of industry in Bogotá (Colombia. It describes the state of the debate on industrial districts, their potential, and the status of the issue in the city. It applies the methodology proposed by Crocco et al. (2003 to identify Potential Local Productive Districts (LPDs through a Normalized Concentration Index, using data from the Bogota Chamber of Commerce for 2012, and it performs an exercise in specialization, showing siting at the level of the Zonal Planning Unit (UPZ and the locality. As a result, 11 sectors are established as potential LPDs, eight of which are illustrated in maps showing the potential LPDs. Some areas have several potential LPDs.

  10. Cities as development drivers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnson, Bjørn; Poulsen, Tjalfe; Hansen, Jens Aage;

    2011-01-01

    There is a strong connection between economic growth and development of cities. Economic growth tends to stimulate city growth, and city economies have often shaped innovative environments that in turn support economic growth. Simultaneously, social and environmental problems related to city growth...... can be serious threats to the realization of the socio-economic contributions that cities can make. However, as a result of considerable diversity of competences combined with interactive learning and innovation, cities may also solve these problems. The ‘urban order’ may form a platform for...... innovative problem solving and potential spill-over effects, which may stimulate further economic growth and development. This paper discusses how waste problems of cities can be transformed to become part of new, more sustainable solutions. Two cases are explored: Aalborg in Denmark and Malmö in Sweden. It...

  11. Me, the City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin Lidin

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The search for identity of cities looks rather urgent and attracts attention of many researchers. Addressing this issue, the article draws an analogy between a human person and a city. Like a city, a human being needs to comprehend his self-identity in order to resist depressive tendencies. It is shown that a person’s depressive symptoms are similar to those of cities. The city identity necessary to resist depression can be searched for both historically and geographically. The historical aspect consists of local myths and legends about the city and the citizens. The geographical aspect of identity comprises features of the terrain, climate, flora and fauna of the region where the city is located.

  12. 2006 Southwest Florida Water Management District (SWFWMD) Lidar: North District

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is one component of a digital terrain model (DTM) for the Southwest Florida Water Management District's FY2006 Digital Orthophoto (B089) and LiDAR...

  13. A Qualitative Research on Municipalities’ Social Responsibility Practices in Izmir City

    OpenAIRE

    YARIMOGLU, Emel KURSUNLUOGLU; HACIOGLU, Fatma; GENCTURK, Selin; KAMALI, Yasemin CELIK; SAYGINER, Can

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the social responsibility practices of municipalities in Izmir City. Since the main purpose was to analyze different social responsibility practices of municipalities; two municipalities from urban districts, Karabaglar and Bornova, and two municipalities from rural districts, Kemalpasa and Seferihisar, were selected for qualitative research by using maximum variation sampling technique. The aim was to represent the social responsibility practices of m...

  14. Sustainable urban development through an application of green infrastructure in district scale – a case study of Wrocław (Poland)

    OpenAIRE

    Surma Martyna

    2015-01-01

    The main goal of this article is to investigate sustainable urban development of the Central European city (Wrocław/Poland) through an environmental engineering application of SUDS (Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems) measures to managing stormwater in city sections with various land use in the same watershed area (the Ślęża River Valley). The author presents a study made in three different parts of the city (single housing district – Oporów, multihousing district – Nowy Dwór, public service ...

  15. Future Services for District Heating Solutions in Residential Districts

    OpenAIRE

    Hannele Ahvenniemi; Krzysztof Klobut

    2014-01-01

    The underlying assumption of this study is that in order to retain the competitiveness while reaching for the EU targets regarding low-energy construction, district heating companies need to develop new business and service models. How district heating companies could broaden their perspective and switch to a more service-oriented way of thinking is a key interest of our research. The used methods in our study are house builder interviews and a questionnaire. With the help of these methods we...

  16. New CO{sub 2} neutral city area with integrated district heating system of the future in Hoeje Taastrup - Phase 1: Preparation of demonstration. Final report; Denmark; Ny CO{sub 2}-neutral bydel med fremtidens integrerede fjernvarmesystem i Hoeje Taastrup - Fase 1: Forberedelse af demonstration. Slutrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaarup Olsen, P.; Hummelshoej, R.M. (Cowi A/S (Denmark))

    2011-02-15

    The project has contributed considerably to developing and maturing many climate initiatives in Hoeje Taastrup municipality - including particularly having made an effort to develop and develop the plans for a CO{sub 2}-neutral quarter called 'Vision Gammelsa'. In this context, the project has involved relevant actors in the development of an energy concept for the quarter. The concept was later used as basis for an EU application to the CONCERTO programme, for which Hoeje Taastrup achieved final grant agreement in December 2009. In this way, the municipality obtained funding for a 6-year project 'ECO-Life' which will focus on energy measures in Hedehusene, Floeng and the Gammelsoe region. The project will be carried out in cooperation with a municipality in Lithuania (Birstonas) and Belgium (Kortrijk). In addition, the project supported the development of a climate plan and policy in the municipality. During the life of the project, the council has carried out a wide range of ambitious initiatives which to a great extent stems from the project and in particularly the cooperation that the project has brought along. Based on a preliminary draft proposal for the district, a number of energy concepts have been assessed that can make the district CO{sub 2}-neutral. Primary focus has been on the heat supply. It is recommended to establish a low-temperature heating network, since such a solution provides the best possibility of using surplus heat and renewable energy sources, and in the future, perhaps already in 15 years, district heating from VEKS will be CO{sub 2}-neutral. Three energy efficient and CO{sub 2} efficient district heating solutions have been investigated in more detail: 1) Local low-temperature district heating network with ground heat and solar heat. 2) Low-temperature district heating network based on return heat from the HTF/VEKS system. 3) Low-temperature district heating network with heat driven heat pumps and solar heat. All

  17. RESEARCH ON IMAGO SPACE OF VALLEY CITY--A Case Study of Lanzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MENG Cai-hong; YANG Yong-chun; ZHANG Cong-guo

    2004-01-01

    Currently domestic researches on urban imago space concentrate in a few cities that lie in the advanced region,such as Beijing,Guangzhou,Wuhan,etc.,but in so far as those cities that lie in the northwest inland region,the research of this aspect is still few.In order to supplement a special example to the urban imago space theory and to validate former theory,this article studied the Lanzhou urban imago space.During the course of researching,authors adopted some investigating methods,such as visiting on the spot,photograph identification method and sketch map identification method etc.Using investigated data,this paper made an elementary research on urban imago space of Lanzhou,which is a typical valley city in the western China.The result of study indicated that the urban imago space of Lanzhou takes Xiguan Cross as its center (Lanzhou involves four districts of Chengguan,Qilihe,Anning and Xigu).In the process of recognition of urban imago space,the Huanghe (Yellow) River and mountains beside the city are the dominant factors and the main nodes of cognition.So the urban imago space of Lanzhou is quite different from that of plain cities.Interviewee did well in the spatial structure map,which was made up of mountainous land,river and main trunk roads,the group structure took profound impression on people.

  18. Deliveries of district heat amounted 5.1 billion FIM in 1999

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The sales of district heat in 1999 was 26.2 TWh, which is about 5% less than in 1998. The decrease was due to milder weather conditions. The year 1999 was more than 1 deg C warmer than the long-term average. The value of the sales was 5.1 billion FIM. The share of residences of the district heat sales was 52%, corresponding to 2.7 billion FIM. The number of district heated residences at the end of 1999 was 1 080 000. Nearly a half of the buildings in Finland were connected to district heating. In largest cities the share is nearly 90%. In total 28 TWh of district heat was generated in 1999, which is nearly 5% less than in 1998. About 77% of the district heat was generated at combined heat and power plants. About 12.2 TWh of electric power was generated at combined heat and power plants. The share of electric power generated at combined heat and power plants decreased by 4% from the year 1998. About 36% of district heat and co-generation power were generated with natural gas. The share of coal was 26%, which is 3.5% less than in 1998. The shares of indigenous fuels remained on the same level as in 1998. A fifth of the fuels was peat. The share of peat decreased by 1%. The share of other indigenous fuels (wood, biogas, and industrial waste heat) was 8%, being the same as the share of oil. The average price of district heat was 19.5 p/kWh, which is about 1% higher than in 1998. The share of taxes of the price of district heat is 30%. The article is based on the preliminary information on generation and delivery of district heat in 1999. The press release is available in URL http://www.energia.fi/sky/eindex.htm

  19. Planned Parenthood Association of Cincinnati v. City of Cincinnati.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-02-21

    The Council of the City of Cincinnati passed an ordinance imposing a fine on any abortion clinic that failed to bury, deposit in a tomb or vault, or cremate an aborted human fetus. The plaintiff, a local provider of abortion services, brought an action in federal district court seeking to enjoin the city from enforcing the ordinance. Noting that the ordinance was intended to discourage or interfere with abortions, the court granted the preliminary injunction on the grounds that the plaintiff was likely to succeed in the ensuing action and that the ordinance, in violating the constitutional right to privacy, was causing irreparable harm to the public. PMID:11648373

  20. Co-venture between City of North Vancouver and BC Gas Services Inc.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Susak, W. [City of North Vancouver, BC (Canada)

    2001-07-01

    Located on Burrard Inlet, the City of North Vancouver is home to approximately 45,000 people. The main industries were shipbuilding and the forest industry. Currently, the main industry is movies and television production, as other industries have moved away. The prime real estate in controlled by two parties: the City of North Vancouver and Price Waterhouse Coopers, acting as receivers for Versatile Shipyard, which went bankrupt. The author displayed some figures providing an aerial view of the City of North Vancouver along the waterfront. The district energy concept was introduced in 1997, and soon thereafter, a district energy study was initiated for the City. Members of the Federation of Canadian Municipalities went on a study tour of district energy projects in Finland. In cooperation with British Columbia Gas (BC Gas) and British Columbia Hydro (BC Hydro) which is no longer involved, the district energy study was completed two years ago. It was determined that an investment of 15 million dollars would be required to implement district heating in the City. A number of reasons were brought forward to judge this decision unsound. The project was reviewed from scratch, and it was determined that a market must be created for district heating before a financial commitment is made on a large scale distribution network or a central plant. In addition, it was felt that a partnership or strategic alliance with an energy utility was required for this project to succeed. The energy utility would bring competencies, financial muscle, and realistic timeline expectancies. BC Gas stepped forward to fulfill this role, and an interim agreement was drawn. One of the measures resulting from this agreement is that the City demands, where appropriate to do so legally, that all new or retro-fitted buildings have hydronic space and water heating systems compatible with and connectable to, a future district energy system. BC Gas will provide, at no cost to the the builders, heating

  1. Biophilic Cities Are Sustainable, Resilient Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Newman

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available There is a growing recognition of the need for daily contact with nature, to live happy, productive, meaningful lives. Recent attention to biophilic design among architects and designers acknowledges this power of nature. However, in an increasingly urban planet, more attention needs to be aimed at the urban scales, at planning for and moving towards what the authors call “biophilic cities”. Biophilic cities are cities that provide close and daily contact with nature, nearby nature, but also seek to foster an awareness of and caring for this nature. Biophilic cities, it is argued here, are also sustainable and resilient cities. Achieving the conditions of a biophilic city will go far in helping to foster social and landscape resilience, in the face of climate change, natural disasters and economic uncertainty and various other shocks that cities will face in the future. The paper identifies key pathways by which biophilic urbanism enhances resilience, and while some are well-established relationships, others are more tentative and suggest future research and testing.

  2. 南宁市江南区孕妇出生缺陷预防知识态度行为调查%Investigation on attitude and behavior of pregnant women on birth defect prevention knowledge in Jiangnan District of Nanning City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾江辉; 李建民; 梁秀云; 卢庆; 潘革; 梁少林; 杨兰

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解南宁市江南区孕妇对出生缺陷相关知识的知晓情况、获得途径和态度行为,为出生缺陷干预工作的服务方式和途径拓展思路。方法对2014年6~12月到该院产科初次建立围生期保健手册的孕妇进行问卷调查。结果共收回问卷1408份,其中有效问卷1362份,有效应答率96.73%。调查结果显示,孕妇对预防出生缺陷相关知识知晓率为2.94%~98.24%。除5项外(共计20项),其他项的知晓率均随着文化程度的增高而提高( P<0.05)。对预防出生缺陷相关知识获得途径主要是网络、手机(62.70%)和书刊、报纸(57.64%)。婚前医学检查率为96.77%,孕前医学检查率为33.26%,产前医学检查率为96.99%,计划妊娠率为61.82%。结论孕妇普遍知晓预防出生缺陷的基本知识,但不全面,大多数孕妇对优生有积极的态度和行为。依托网络和手机平台可扩大孕妇健康教育的广度和深度,提供更便捷、更有效的途径服务于大众。%Objective To understand the awareness situation ,acquiring route ,attitude and behaviors of birth defect related knowledge among the pregnant women in Jiangnan District of Nanning City in order to expand the thinking for the service mode and route of birth defect intervention work .Methods A questionnaire survey was per‐formed among the pregnant women with establishment of the perinatal health care manual in the obstetric department of the hospital from June to December 2014 .Results 1 408 questionnaires were recovered ,in which 1362 question‐naires were valid with the effective response rate of 96 .73% .The survey results indicated the awareness rate towards the birth defect prevention related knowledge ranged 2 .94% -96 .73% .Except for 5 items(sum to 20 items) ,the awareness rates of other items were increased with their education level (P<0 .05) .The acquiring routes of preven

  3. Pollution and city size: can cities be too small?

    OpenAIRE

    Borck, Rainald; TABUCHI Takatoshi

    2015-01-01

    We study the optimal and equilibrium size of cities in a monocentric city model with environmental pollution. Pollution is related to city size through the effect of population on production, commuting, and housing consumption. If pollution is local, we find that equilibrium cities are too large, mirroring standard results in the theory of city systems. When pollution is global and per capita pollution declines with city size, however, equilibrium cities may be too small.

  4. Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and Prediabetes in Dalseong-gun, Daegu City, Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Jung-Eun Lee; Sung-Chang Jung; Gui-Hwa Jung; Sung-Woo Ha; Bo-Wan Kim; Shung-Chull Chae; Wee-Hyun Park; Ji-Sun Lim; Jin-Hoon Yang; Sin Kam; Byung-Yeol Chun; Jong-Yeon Kim; Jung-Jeung Lee; Kyeong-Soo Lee; Moon-Young Ahn

    2011-01-01

    Background The aim of the present study was to determine the population-based prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and prediabetes in a rural district of Daegu City, Korea. Methods Between August and November 2003, a community-based health survey of adults aged 20 years and older was performed in the rural district of Dalseong-gun in Daegu City. A total of 1,806 of all eligible individuals agreed to participate. Fasting plasma glucose was measured in all participants. Two hour oral glucose to...

  5. New Mexico Property Tax Districts

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This layer represents boundaries for New Mexico tax district "OUT" categories and incorporated/municipal "IN" categories as identified on the "Certificate of Tax...

  6. Districts for 104th Congress

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This is a polygon coverage of 104th Congressional District boundaries obtained from the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The 103rd Congress was the first Congress that...

  7. Workers' Housing Estates In Postindustrial Cities - Modernization Or Revitalization?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaweł, Dariusz

    2015-09-01

    The article presents a part of the results on the physiognomy of a postindustrial city under conditions of economic transformation in Poland. The study area encompasses industrial centers located in the region of the Central Industrial District (Centralny Okręg Przemysłowy - COP) in the Świętokrzystkie and Mazowieckie voivodeships (districts). The specific urban structure of the industrial city and unemployment among its inhabitants resulting from ownership transformations generate various problems. The workers' neighborhoods and colonies, which sprouted up so quickly at the beginning of the XX century, were a supply base for the rapidly developing industrial centers. Their clear urban structure and cultural potential they possess predispose them to developing necessary repair programs. Thus, the article draws attention to this form of settlement on the one hand, and on the other characterizes the activities assumed by gminas (municipalities) in the scope of modernizing and revitalizing these areas.

  8. Birds and the City: Urban Biodiversity, Land Use, and Socioeconomics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadja Kabisch

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available We examined bird diversity in relation to land use and socioeconomic indicators in Leipzig, Germany. We used neighborhood diversity (ND and bivariate correlation to show that the potential to experience biodiversity in a city is associated with population density, household income, unemployment, and urban green space. People living in urban districts with high socioeconomic status experience the highest species richness around their homes, whereas lower social status increases the chance of living in species-poor neighborhoods. High-status districts are located along forests, parks, and rivers that have a high quantity and quality of green space. However, green space in general does not guarantee high bird diversity. We conclude that bird diversity mirrors land use and socioeconomic patterns within the compact European city of Leipzig. Therefore, urban planning should focus on decreasing these patterns and protecting the remaining species-rich green spaces.

  9. Geothermal district heating in Turkey: The Gonen case study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The status of geothermal district heating in Turkey and its future prospects are reviewed. A description is given of the Gonen project in Balikesir province, the first system to begin citywide operation in the country. The geology and geothermal resources of the area, the history of the project's development, the problems encountered, its economic aspects and environmental contributions are all discussed. The results of this and other such systems installed in Turkey have confirmed that, in this country, heating an entire city based on geothermal energy is a significantly cleaner, cheaper option than using fossil fuels or other renewable energy resources. (author)

  10. Modular approach for modeling a multi-energy district boiler

    OpenAIRE

    Eynard, Julien; Grieu, Stéphane; Polit, Monique

    2011-01-01

    The present paper deals with the modeling of a district boiler (city of La Rochelle, west coast of France), as part of the OptiEnR research project. This "multi-energy" boiler supplies domestic hot water and heats residential and public buildings, using mainly wood and sometimes fuel or gas if necessary. The OptiEnR research project focuses on optimizing the performance of the boiler. Its main objective is to minimize the use of fossil energy, stocking renewable energy during low-demand perio...

  11. City Carbon Footprint Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guangwu Chen

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Progressive cities worldwide have demonstrated political leadership by initiating meaningful strategies and actions to tackle climate change. However, the lack of knowledge concerning embodied greenhouse gas (GHG emissions of cities has hampered effective mitigation. We analyse trans-boundary GHG emission transfers between five Australian cities and their trading partners, with embodied emission flows broken down into major economic sectors. We examine intercity carbon footprint (CF networks and disclose a hierarchy of responsibility for emissions between cities and regions. Allocations of emissions to households, businesses and government and the carbon efficiency of expenditure have been analysed to inform mitigation policies. Our findings indicate that final demand in the five largest cities in Australia accounts for more than half of the nation’s CF. City households are responsible for about two thirds of the cities’ CFs; the rest can be attributed to government and business consumption and investment. The city network flows highlight that over half of emissions embodied in imports (EEI to the five cities occur overseas. However, a hierarchy of GHG emissions reveals that overseas regions also outsource emissions to Australian cities such as Perth. We finally discuss the implications of our findings on carbon neutrality, low-carbon city concepts and strategies and allocation of subnational GHG responsibility.

  12. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Jodhpur district

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalla Gyaneshwar

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a disease with a wide geographical distribution in a range of climate and with different epidemiological patterns. In Rajasthan a new endemic zone of the disease has been found at Jodhpur district. The clincial features of 21 smear positive cases of oriental sore from Jodhpur district studied during a period of 1 year have been described. Also the importance of intralesional berberine sulphate in the treatment of oriental sore has been highlighted.

  13. Marshallian Industrial Districts Revisited (3)

    OpenAIRE

    Zaratiegui, J.M. (Jesús M.)

    2004-01-01

    Marshall pointed out that a specific form of industrial organisation (industrial districts) increased the wealth of some regions in England and Germany, and connected it with the accumulation of capital and investment, social capital, externalities and increasing returns. In his view, industrial location was closely linked to demography, local governments, freedom and social institutions. He recognised that districts were a main territorial framework for knowledge-based economic growth.

  14. Marshallian Industrial Districts Revisited (1)

    OpenAIRE

    Zaratiegui, J.M. (Jesús M.)

    2004-01-01

    Marshall pointed out that a specific form of industrial organisation (industrial districts) increased the wealth of some regions in England and Germany, and connected it with the accumulation of capital and investment, social capital, externalities and increasing returns. In his view, industrial location was closely linked to demography, local governments, freedom and social institutions. He recognised that districts were a main territorial framework for knowledge-based economic growth.

  15. Marshallian Industrial Districts Revisited (2)

    OpenAIRE

    Zaratiegui, J.M. (Jesús M.)

    2004-01-01

    Marshall pointed out that a specific form of industrial organisation (industrial districts) increased the wealth of some regions in England and Germany, and connected it with the accumulation of capital and investment, social capital, externalities and increasing returns. In his view, industrial location was closely linked to demography, local governments, freedom and social institutions. He recognised that districts were a main territorial framework for knowledge-based economic growth.

  16. Financial and economic aspects of district heating

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grooten, J.; van Bemmelen, J.H.A.

    1982-05-01

    Financial and economic aspects play a large role in the decision-making process about the feasibility of district heating projects. Factors to consider include the relationship of district heating and gas and electricity supplies, annual cost per unit of energy conserved, fuel type, gas price for district heating, cost/benefit ratio for district heating, side effects of district heating, and the relative tariff situation.

  17. District formation: a co-opetition approach

    OpenAIRE

    Soubeyran, Antoine; Weber, Shlomo

    2001-01-01

    This paper considers a model of district formation that incorporates a notion of regional industrial systems. Each firm chooses its location from the set of existing industrial districts. The heterogeneous firms are distinguished by its "stand alone" district-dependent production and transportation cost. However, if other firms locate in the same district, the firm's stand alone cost is reduced by a factor that depends on the number of firms in the district. Thus, firms must take into account...

  18. Cold Lake at a crossroads : financially unsustainable, the city at the centre of the second largest oilsands deposit faces dissolution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Despite the fact that it is located near some of Alberta's expanding heavy oil projects, the city of Cold Lake must dissolve the city unless drastic financial solutions are found. The city receives little or no tax revenues from the surrounding in situ oil sands projects operated by major oil and gas operators in the region. The city currently has the highest urban tax of any municipality in Alberta. Residential taxes have risen by 38 per cent in the last 2 years, despite the fact that the city has struggled to provide basic services to its residents. New arenas, fire halls, sewage facilities and other infrastructure improvements are needed. The city's council is in need of substantial funding from the provincial government. A dissolution study will be conducted to determine if the city should become part of the municipal district of Bonnyville or examine other alternatives. It was concluded that without a substantial industrial tax base, the city is not sustainable. 4 figs

  19. Cities and human security

    OpenAIRE

    Szpak, Agnieszka

    2016-01-01

    Cities have been researched mostly in terms of their economic, technological, and social value and significance. Despite some changes in this respect there is still a need to research cities as a fascinating phenomenon, also in respect of its capabilities to increase human security on a local and global scale. The article examines the role of cities for human security in the selected and representative fields such as sustainable development, human rights and environmental protection which are...

  20. Assimilation in multilingual cities

    OpenAIRE

    Ortega, Javier; Verdugo, Gregory

    2015-01-01

    International audience We characterise how the assimilation patterns of minorities into the strong and the weak language differ in a situation of asymmetric bilingualism. Using large variations in language composition in Canadian cities from the 2001 and 2006 Censuses, we show that the differences in the knowledge of English by immigrant allophones (i.e. the immigrants with a mother tongue other than English and French) in English-majority cities are mainly due to sorting across cities. In...