WorldWideScience

Sample records for citizenship draft law

  1. China's Energy Law Drafted to Cope with Severe Energy Situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Tong

    2006-01-01

    @@ To implement the decision of the State Council, State Energy Office, National Development and Reform Commission and Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council held a joint conference in Beijing early this year to establish a drafting team of the Energy Law. As a result, the program of drafting China's Energy Law was unveiled.

  2. Excerpt from Domestic Subjects: Gender, Citizenship, and Law in Native American Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beth H. Piatote

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Excerpted from Beth H. Piatote, Domestic Subjects: Gender, Citizenship, and Law in Native American Literature (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2013.Reprinted with permission from Yale University Press.

  3. Citizenship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Keith

    This document consists of the documentation and question sheets that accompany an educational computer program available on diskette. This product is an oral review of all the questions asked on the Immigration and Naturalization Service oral test for U.S. citizenship. Student answers are recorded by the computer. The teacher reviews answers…

  4. 75 FR 22162 - Draft NIJ Duty Holster Retention Standard for Law Enforcement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-27

    ... of Justice Programs Draft NIJ Duty Holster Retention Standard for Law Enforcement AGENCY: National... Law Enforcement and Certification Program Requirements. SUMMARY: In an effort to obtain comments from... Duty Holster Retention Standard for Law Enforcement'' and (2) a draft companion document entitled...

  5. Citizenship culture: psychosocial approach to the law in the context of a Rio de Janeiro slum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgie Alexánder Echeverri

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In the first part of this paper, we approach the citizenship culture as it was developed in Colombia by the former mayor of Bogotá, Antanas Mockus, taking into account both the conceptual structure and the methodological principles of implementation, namely, the internalization of the rule and the creation of communication strategies aimed at achieving willingly cooperation. After making a psychosocial approach of the citizenship culture in the light of the theory of the social representations, we present the results of a prototypical analysis based on free association data from a sample of 156 teenagers who live at Mangueira slum, in Rio de Janeiro, exercise that enabled us to make a socio-cultural and political reading from the fulfillment or failure of the law. Finally, as an educational proposal, we hand in the results of a participatory action research —Aventureiros—, a program of education for citizenship focused on children, based on the very Colombian methodological principles of the citizenship culture and adapted to the Rio de Janeiro favela environment.

  6. Genetic citizenship: DNA testing and the Israeli Law of Return.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGonigle, Ian V; Herman, Lauren W

    2015-07-01

    The Israeli State recently announced that it may begin to use genetic tests to determine whether potential immigrants are Jewish or not. This development would demand a rethinking of Israeli law on the issue of the definition of Jewishness. In this article, we discuss the historical and legal context of secular and religious definitions of Jewishness and rights to immigration in the State of Israel. We give a brief overview of different ways in which genes have been regarded as Jewish, and we discuss the relationship between this new use of genetics and the society with which it is co-produced. In conclusion, we raise several questions about future potential impacts of Jewish genetics on Israeli law and society.

  7. The Drafting of a Law against Discrimination on the Grounds of Racial or Ethnic Origin in Germany - Constraints in Constitutional and European Community Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Selbmann

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available On 29 June 2000 the European Council adopted the Race Equality Directive, which outlaws, inter alia, direct and indirect discrimination based on racial or ethnic origin regarding access to employment and supply of goods and services, which are available to the public. EC member states now have to adopt laws to comply with the directive. Thus, the German Federal Ministry of Justice introduced a Discussion Draft Law on the Prevention of Discrimination in the Private Sector. The publication of the discussion draft led to a debate among scholars and players in the field of anti-discrimination. some scholars endorsed the draft law. Other authors claimed that the draft law violates not only the constitution but also common sense. This article gives an overview of current German regulations against discrimination on the grounds of racial or ethnic origin, the discussion on the draft law and its compatibility with constitutional and European Community law. It will show, that most of the arguments against the draft law are unfounded. The author argues that the primary basis for an assessment of the compatibility with higher-ranking law is European Community law and not German constitutional law. However, a carefully drafted discrimination law in the sector of private and labour law would be consistent with the Basic Law. Owing to the recent election campaign in Germany, the adoption of the Draft Law was postponed. Thus, the author also discusses consequences deriving from European Community law, should it be the case that Germany fails to implement the Race Equality Directive, in the period prescribed by the directive.

  8. Water citizenship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paerregaard, Karsten; Stensrud, Astrid Bredholt; Andersen, Astrid Oberborbeck

    2016-01-01

    This article examines the implementation of Peru’s new water law and discusses how it produces new forms of water citizenship. Inspired by the global paradigm of “integrated water resources management,” the law aims to include all citizens in the management of the country’s water resources...... by embracing a “new water culture.” We ask what forms of water citizenship emerge from the new water law and how they engage with local water practices and affect existing relations of inequality. We answer these questions ethnographically by comparing previous water legislation and how the new law currently...... is negotiated and contested in three localities in Peru’s southern highlands. We argue that the law creates a new water culture that views water as a substance that is measurable, quantifiable, and taxable, but that it neglects other ways of valuing water. We conclude that water citizenship emerges from...

  9. [Mental health, rights and citizenship: the law office as an agent for social inclusion].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mota, Taia Duarte; Barros, Sônia

    2008-06-01

    The Psychiatric Reform discusses issues related to the inclusion of individuals that suffer from mental disorders, having as its main project the construction of citizenship through the reconstruction of their rights and recognizing that mentally ill individuals are in a condition of exclusion because of their very condition, the work and the social fragility. The Centro de Atenção Psicossocial Prof. Luiz da Rocha Cerqueira intends to interfere in the exclusion condition of mentally ill individuals through a number of projects, among them its Law Office, a social service agent that, by promoting alliances, offers to its users the possibility to reach higher and higher levels of management of their lives. The purpose of this study was to characterize the users of the Law Office and verify the importance of such intervention to them. Four users were interviewed and were asked to evaluate the service. They showed understanding of the fact that the service makes their insertion into the world of rights easier and therefore may be considered an important technology in mental health.

  10. Employee Involvement and Organizational Citizenship: Implications for Labor Law Reform and "Lean Production."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cappelli, Peter; Rogovsky, Nikolai

    1998-01-01

    Organizational citizenship--behavior that promotes organizations without explicit reward--was measured in a survey of 512 employees and 91 supervisors. Involvement in work organization increased citizenship behavior indirectly by changing job characteristics. Involvement in decisions about employment practices had little or no effect. (SK)

  11. 《反垄断法》立法速度加快%Drafting of Anti-Monopoly Law accelerated

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ The drafting of the Anti-Monopoly Law has been completed and the schedule has been accelerated, according to Li Dongsheng, deputy director general of the State Administration for Industry and Commerce.

  12. 75 FR 78268 - Draft NIJ Selection and Application Guide to Ballistic-Resistant Body Armor for Law Enforcement...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-15

    ... Law Enforcement, Corrections, and Public Safety AGENCY: National Institute of Justice. ACTION: Notice of Draft NIJ Selection and Application Guide to Ballistic-Resistant Body Armor for Law Enforcement... for Law Enforcement, Corrections, and Public Safety.'' The opportunity to provide comments on this...

  13. Viewpoint – The Washington Consensus, Chilean Water Monopolization and the Peruvian Draft Water Law of the 1990s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Solanes

    2013-06-01

    The managers of two public agencies in Peru were concerned about the impact that the Draft Law was to have on Peruvian public interests, such as agriculture, energy, and water supply and sanitation. They spearheaded a coalition, including United States universities (New Mexico, Colorado at Boulder, California at Davis the Water Directorate of Chile, the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, agricultural water communities in Peru, and the technical offices dealing with water at the Inter-American Development Bank and the World Bank, to have a critical discussion of the Draft Law. The discussion took several years, at the end of which the Draft was rejected.

  14. The new draft law to Carbon Capture and Storage; Der neue Gesetzentwurf zu Carbon Capture and Storage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hellriegel, Mathias [Sozietaet Eggers Malmendier Rechtsanwaelte, Berlin (Germany)

    2010-12-30

    Emissions of greenhouse gas into the atmosphere are considered as a central reason for the global climate change. Regarding the reduction of CO{sub 2} emissions, recently the capture of CO{sub 2} and its permanent underground storage is discussed. With the government's draft of the law to regulate the capture, transport and permanent storage of CO{sub 2}, the Grand Coalition took a first attempt to implement the CCS Directive. The author of the contribution under consideration describes the main contents of the current draft law and considered this draft critically.

  15. Law and Order in the Classroom: Reconsidering "A Course on Citizenship," 1914

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Lindsay

    2013-01-01

    This article explores the tension between social control and democratic participation in the first American peace education curriculum, "A Course in Citizenship" (1914). Previously, this "Course" has been read as a case study of progressive era peace education, during which the call to teach democratically increased in volume. Building on this…

  16. THE APPEAL IN THE INTEREST OF LAW IN THE DRAFTS OF THE NEW ROMANIAN PROCEDURE CODES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan LUPA CU

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available * This paper has been prepared within the research project „Standardization of Judicial Practice and Harmonization With the ECHR Jurisprudence, a Mandatory Condition to Enforce Justice. Legislative Proposal to Grant Aconsistent Judicial Practice” (ID-1094 financed by the Romanian Minister of Education, Research, Youth and Sports.The unifying role of the High Court of Cassation and Justice in Romania is also accomplished – among other instruments – by mean of the appeal in the interest of law. Designed as a procedural instrument intended to contribute to the unitary interpretation and implementation of the law nationwide, it consolidates the position of leader of the judicial order held by the Supreme Court. The drafts of the new Procedure Codes – Civil and Criminal – substantially improve the regulations in this matter, but in a limited and non-unitary manner, as we will try to further demonstrate.

  17. Draft of a Federal Mining Law (BBergG). [German Federal Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-01-01

    Standardization and rearrangement is proposed for all the mining laws in the Federal Republic of Germany, especially of the regulations concerning prospecting and mining of natural resources. The draft provides; 1) creation of a modern, elastic system of concessions for particularly important natural resources withdrawn from the landed property; smoothing of the existing system of mineral rights; 2) development of the instruments of mining law adapted to the special requirements of mining natural resources in view of preventive and current control of the operation and its supervision; 3) first-time authorizations for federal safety and labor protection decrees; 4) reformation of the relationship with the employer's liability insurances and, resulting therefrom, improvement of the accident prevention measures; 5) stronger embodiment of damage-preventing measures in mining-damage law; improvement of the extent of liability and the protection of those damaged; 6) accounting for related new engineering developments (underground tankless storage); 7) final regulation for prospecting and mining of natural resources in the range of the continental shelf; 8) relief of mining law from alien legal matters as well as liquidation of antiquated institutes of mining law.

  18. Expansion of citizenship rights based on religious teachings Jurisprudence and Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza ShekarBeigi

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Social life, social relationships between people in society demands that must be surrendered under regularity. However, if there is no discipline in society, coercion and extortion and deception, will govern relations among people, and this fighting and turmoil, to be brought along. Individual citizen, in connection with a government, civil and political rights on the one hand, and on the other hand, the government is responsible for that task. Citizenship, a status is active. Excellent basis for human affairs is considered. Citizen initiatives demand that all people be treated equally, the roots of the social tensions that threaten social order, to dry. The concept of citizenship, establishes a balance between rights and responsibilities. Monitoring and Control (enjoining and forbidding the evil, one of the tasks is inevitable, as a citizen, and plays an important role in human resource development, community plays, and citizens in its decision aids improve, It is essential that the citizens of the community, become more familiar with this monumental task, and continually upstream and child, monitoring and control, and specifying their advantages and disadvantages, in the course of human perfection, and realization of important objectives, such as social justice, the basic steps to take. It is also essential that the citizens of the Muslim community, enjoining and forbidding the evil (monitoring and control, from the perspective of management are favored. In the public administration and enjoining good and forbid the evil, that good citizenship is a definite component of the index, the results will follow, that has been mentioned

  19. Social security for solo mothers in Swedish and EU law : on the constructions of normality and the boundaries of social citizenship

    OpenAIRE

    Wennberg, Lena

    2008-01-01

    Lena Wennberg, Social Security for Solo Mothers in Swedish and EU law. On the constructions of normality and the boundaries of social citizenship. Doctoral dissertation. English text. Iustus Förlag AB, 407 pp. Uppsala 2008. ISSN 1404-9198, ISBN 978-91-7678-704-5. Three separate studies brought together in this thesis serve the overarching purpose of revealing historical and context-dependent constructions of normality in social security law, and from that elucidating gender and power relation...

  20. Eyes wide shut: The curious silence of The law of peoples on questions of immigration and citizenship.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert W. Glover

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available In an interdependent world of overlapping political memberships and identities, states and democratic citizens face difficult choices in responding to large-scale migration and the related question of who ought to have access to citizenship. In an influential attempt to provide a normative framework for a more just global order, The Law of Peoples, John Rawls is curiously silent regarding what his framework would mean for the politics of migration. In this piece, I consider the complications Rawls’s inattention to these issues creates for his broader vision of global justice. Yet I also attempt to show how these aspects of Rawls’s theory emerge from an underlying tension which confronts all liberal democratic conceptions of justice, both in theory and in practice. In my conclusion, I sketch an alternative rooted in the insights of agonistic pluralism, which “breaks” the Rawlsian silence and actively theorizes the democratic legitimation of political borders.

  1. Debating islamic family law in Palestine : citizenship, gender and 'islamic' idioms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N.Y. Shehada (Nahda)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractThis chapter sheds light on the family law debate in Palestine following the establishment of the Palestinian Authority (1994). It elaborates on the public debate and political contestation over attempts to reform the ‘Islamic’ family law during the second half of the 1990s. It describes

  2. Illegal Aliens, Criminals, and Hypersexual Spitfires: Latin@ Youth and Pedagogies of Citizenship in Media Texts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bondy, Jennifer M.; Pennington, Lisa K.

    2016-01-01

    This article aims to broaden the ways we conceptualize citizenship and implement citizenship education in social studies. To do so, the authors explore media texts as a curricular and pedagogical site for teaching lessons about citizenship. Specifically, the authors investigate how media drafts the boundaries of citizenship for Latin@ youth, and…

  3. Illegal Aliens, Criminals, and Hypersexual Spitfires: Latin@ Youth and Pedagogies of Citizenship in Media Texts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bondy, Jennifer M.; Pennington, Lisa K.

    2016-01-01

    This article aims to broaden the ways we conceptualize citizenship and implement citizenship education in social studies. To do so, the authors explore media texts as a curricular and pedagogical site for teaching lessons about citizenship. Specifically, the authors investigate how media drafts the boundaries of citizenship for Latin@ youth, and…

  4. Contesting Citizenship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The new book shows how citizenship, its meaning and form, have become a vital site of contestation. While many minority groups struggle to redefine the rights of citizenship in more pluralized forms, the responsivbilities of citizenship are being reaffirmed by democratic governments concerned to ...

  5. Iniciativa de ley federal del patrimonio cultural de la nacion (Draft of Federal Law for the Cultural Heritage of the Nation).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mexico.

    This document is an English-language abstract (approximately 1,500 words) of the draft of a law for the preservation of Mexican national heritage, particularly for the protection, conservation, and recuperation of cultural objects. The document consists of twelve chapters and six articles. Chapter 1 declares the protection, conservation,…

  6. Iniciativa de ley federal del patrimonio cultural de la nacion (Draft of Federal Law for the Cultural Heritage of the Nation).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mexico.

    This document is an English-language abstract (approximately 1,500 words) of the draft of a law for the preservation of Mexican national heritage, particularly for the protection, conservation, and recuperation of cultural objects. The document consists of twelve chapters and six articles. Chapter 1 declares the protection, conservation,…

  7. Occupational citizenships

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Lise Rosendal

    2016-01-01

    Health workers are an overlooked category in the growing literature on health and citizenship. In this article I describe a 2012–2013 nationwide conflict in the public Health care sector in Burkina Faso to explore how ideas about citizenship were mobilized in a situation of political agitation. I...

  8. Reforming Citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen MARGARITOU-ANDRIANESSI

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The ways of intercommunication regard moral and political virtues as well as the general principles of equality as criteria of a just society. Only a cooperative society can secure rights and primary goods, because the benefits are primarily collective benefits. Citizenship models provide guidance on strategies that prevent civil turmoil and social upheaval. Citizenship systems invest in statistics, fundamental commonalities, publicly designed interventions, common “ethos”, communicative actions, and biotechnology and lifeworld architectonic.

  9. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a FOIA Request LAWS USCIS Federal Register Announcements Administrative Decisions Avoid Scams Buy American, Hire American Policy Memoranda Legal Settlement Notices USCIS Policy Manual Immigration and Nationality Act SERVICES CITIZENSHIP GREEN CARD ...

  10. A Healthy Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The National People’s Congress(NPC)published China’s new draft Food Safety Law on April 20 for public discussion.The draft law covers food safety evaluation,monitoring, and recall and information release.

  11. Citizenship Education Development: European Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Suslov

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the European experience of the citizenship education developmentan important aspect of internal policy in the most countries. The education in question is considered to be the democratic citizenship training aimed at developing the loyal attitude to different value priorities in society, social responsibility, active citizenship position, awareness of democratic rights, capability of using and protecting them.The author looks at the transformation of citizenship education concept in the last three decades from the civics education (i.e. history, political science, law, etc. to the democratic citizen education. The paper analyzes differ- ent approaches to citizenship education in several European countries including the post-soviet ones. It is emphasized that both in western and eastern Europe a lot of effort is made for spreading and supporting the education in question. The author recommends considering the foreign experience of integrating the democratic citizenship education into the state academic curricula at the primary, secondary and higher school levels. 

  12. Rhetorical Citizenship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villadsen, Lisa Storm; Kock, Christian Erik J

    2017-01-01

    This article argues for the relevance of a rhetorical approach to the study of citizenship. We show how this view aligns with current views of the multidimensionality of citizenship, explain our use of the term rhetoric, and illustrate the usefulness of a rhetorical approach in two examples. In c...... to discursive creativity as well as to textual properties that may significantly, but often implicitly, affect citizens’ understanding of their own role in the polity, and further because it recognizes deep differences as inevitable while valorizing discourse across them....

  13. Rhetorical Citizenship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kock, Christian Erik J; Villadsen, Lisa Storm

    2017-01-01

    . In close textual readings both examples – one vernacular, one elite – are shown to discursively craft and enact different notions of citizenship via-a-vis the European refugee crisis. We conclude that a rhetorical perspective on public civic discourse is useful in virtue of its close attention...

  14. Distinctive Citizenship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaur, Ravinder

    2009-01-01

    -colonial citizenship within the mass of refugees. The core principle of the official resettlement policy was self-rehabilitation, that is, the ability to become a productive citizen of the new nation state without state intervention. Thus, the onus of performing a successful transition - from refugee to citizen - lay...

  15. Distinctive Citizenship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaur, Ravinder

    2009-01-01

    -colonial citizenship within the mass of refugees. The core principle of the official resettlement policy was self-rehabilitation, that is, the ability to become a productive citizen of the new nation state without state intervention. Thus, the onus of performing a successful transition - from refugee to citizen - lay...

  16. The Power of Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    China’s draft Energy Law is now under consideration China’s draft Energy Law has been submitted to the State Council’s Legislative Affairs Office and will be considered at this year’s executive meeting, said a key member of the expert panel drafting the law. If the law makes it through the council, the National People’s Congress (NPC), China’s supreme law-making body, will vote on it.

  17. Citizenship Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dorf, Hans

    2008-01-01

    . It is also indicated, however, that this must not be considered an unchangeable pedagogical fact, and the article briefly sketches a set of pedagogical and research challenges concerned with educating for democratic empowerment at different levels of school practice. Although this paper focuses on education......For several reasons citizenship and democracy has moved into political and research focus. Socio-cultural tensions and inequalities created by globalisation processes boosted by neo-liberal modes of government seem to inspire a concern with "social cohesion", and the European Community assigns...... a key role to education in engendering European democratic citizenship. It can be questioned whether it is within the scope of educational programmes to ensure social integration and democracy. However, to clarify the perspectives of the educational issue, the article discusses the conflicts...

  18. Citizenship Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dorf, Hans

    2008-01-01

    a key role to education in engendering European democratic citizenship. It can be questioned whether it is within the scope of educational programmes to ensure social integration and democracy. However, to clarify the perspectives of the educational issue, the article discusses the conflicts...... and relationships between cultural identity and democracy within a framework of modernity before returning to the issue of education for democratic citizenship. It is shown on the basis of empirical studies that family background interacts with school factors in the reproduction of democratic inequalities....... It is also indicated, however, that this must not be considered an unchangeable pedagogical fact, and the article briefly sketches a set of pedagogical and research challenges concerned with educating for democratic empowerment at different levels of school practice. Although this paper focuses on education...

  19. Case - Case-Law - Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sadl, Urska

    2013-01-01

    Reasoning of the Court of Justice of the European Union – Constr uction of arguments in the case-law of the Court – Citation technique – The use of formulas to transform case-law into ‘law’ – ‘Formulaic style’ – European citizenship as a fundamental status – Ruiz Zambrano – Reasoning from...

  20. Moulding Citizenship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Putri, Prathiwi Widyatmi

    2016-01-01

    Establishing a modern domestic water management system in Batavia, colonial Jakarta, involved struggles over territories between different actors. The multifaceted territorial character of managing water and land reveals the highly contested notion of citizenship as there were continuous processes...... their capability of undergoing socio-spatial transformations within the contexts of limited state intervention on the provision of basic services and under the condition of unequal spatial development processes. The kampung dynamics seem to call into question the existing form of state-led management systems...

  1. Institutional conditions of corporate citizenship

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jeurissen, R.J.M.

    2004-01-01

    Exploring the concept of citizenship from the history of political philosophy provides suggestions about what corporate citizenship could mean. The metaphor of corporate citizenship suggests an institutional approach to corporate social responsibility. Citizenship is a social role, characterized by

  2. Institutional conditions of corporate citizenship

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jeurissen, R.J.M.

    2004-01-01

    Exploring the concept of citizenship from the history of political philosophy provides suggestions about what corporate citizenship could mean. The metaphor of corporate citizenship suggests an institutional approach to corporate social responsibility. Citizenship is a social role, characterized by

  3. Rethinking Sexual Citizenship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Diane

    2017-04-01

    Over the last two decades sexuality has emerged as a key theme in debates about citizenship, leading to the development of the concept of sexual citizenship. This article reviews this literature and identifies four main areas of critical framing: work that contests the significance of sexuality to citizenship; critiques that focus on the possibilities and limitations of mobilising the language of citizenship in sexual politics; analyses of sexual citizenship in relation to nationalisms and border making; and literature that critically examines western constructions of sexuality and sexual politics underpinning understandings of sexual citizenship. In order to progress the field theoretically, the article seeks to extend critiques of sexual citizenship focusing on two key aspects of its construction: the sexual citizen-subject and spaces of sexual citizenship. It argues for a critical rethink that encompasses a de-centring of a 'western-centric' focus in order to advance understandings of how sexual citizenship operates both in the Global North and South.

  4. European Citizenship between Past and Future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgeta Modiga

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The European Union, an organization built on the ruins of the Second World War the desire to curb the war on the continent once and for all, was doomed from the beginning to end in one day political contours, so Europe is now united policy at the core of the future of Europe. This aspiration has become increasingly manifest in the adoption in 1992 of the Treaty of Maastricht, culminating today with the debate on the European Constitution. “Europe” today was forged from the beginning of the ruling political elites and not the citizens. Is it possible to continue this course today? Talking about European citizenship is part of the broader theory and political philosophy, legal and sociological. East European citizenship a recent concept (established by the Treaty of Maastricht in 1992 born of an old idea (dating approximately from the 40s that refers to a reality uncertain and inconsistent. Holders of European citizenship are nationals of Member States of the European Union. Citizenship as a concept has a content both political (the right of citizenship Fortress defining an individual's personal status and legal (on the set of subjective rights that an individual may invoke. Existential condition of citizenship is the ability to have rights (individual rights as positive theory of law and be able to implement them. As a consequence, European citizenship exists to the extent that its holders can enjoy rights derived from this status.

  5. Draft of law for land pollution; Proyecto de Ley para la Prevencion y Correccion de la Contaminacion del Suelo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    According to the Inventory on Land with Activities or Installations which have the Potential to Pollute the land, drawn up by the Environmental Management Public Company, IHOBE, for the Department of Regional Planning and Environmental Planning, one per cent of the surface area of the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country may currently be classified as potentially polluted land. Last March 2 the Basque Government council passed the draft Bill for the Prevention and Correction of Pollution of Land which was sent to the Basque Parliament for its subsequent debate and passing. (Author)

  6. The scenario of citizenship education curriculum at the basic education level in the next decade (during 2012 – 2022

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Niramol Tuchinda

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research is to study the Scenario of citizenship education curriculum at the basic education level in the next decade (during 2012 – 2022 by the Ethnographic Delphi futures research, The study was as follows: The scenario of citizenship education curriculum at the basic education level in the next decade (during 2012 – 2022 (The draft. The curriculum’s philosophy were focus education of quality, develop moral personal, intercultural skills into peacefulness of the asean-world citizen. The good character of students were efficiency person to respect voice, freedom, communication, information and media literacy, honesty and public mind, critical thinking of many information to decide for the sustainable development. The aim of the curriculum were citizenship into democracy culture public mind of school and community, critical thinking, cross-cultural understanding into together peacefulness. The civic education into collaboration, teamwork and leadership and problem solving activities. The learning areas for The grade 1-3 was know-self, family, community, basic knowledge of global, civic character, self-reliant, and to assist in moral principle. The grade 4-6 was responsible for family, school community, to take lesson neighborhood intercultural skill, local political, cross culture understanding and human rights. The grade 7-9 was understand right, duties in constitution, citizenship, to be responsible for themselves family community, cultural different Thailand, neighborhood country and intercultural asia. The grade 10-12 was knowledge law in rights, duties and freedom, responsible citizen, neighborhood citizenship, critical thinking, and problem solving to access organizational learning. The learning activities for grade 1-12 was at the providing as project based learning .The learners developing activities for the grade 1-12 was public mind in action learning, resource in community. The teaching material was focus news

  7. El proyecto de reforma del derecho penal canónico/The Draft Reform to Penal Canon Law

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    José Luis Sánchez-Girón

    2014-01-01

      The proposed reform of Book VI of the CIC drawn up by the PCLT highlights the restoration of justice among the purposes of canonical penalty, and envisages a hardening of the penal law contained in the Code...

  8. Bibliography of Citizenship Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    CASAS - Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment Systems (NJ1), 2008

    2008-01-01

    The 2008 CASAS "Bibliography of Citizenship Materials" lists available instructional resources for citizenship education. It focuses on materials appropriate for preparing people for the naturalization process and the standardized citizenship examination. Resources include textbooks, audio materials, software and Videos/DVDs. The bibliography also…

  9. Contesting Citizenship: Comparative Analyses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siim, Birte; Squires, Judith

    2007-01-01

    . Comparative citizenship analyses need to be considered in relation to multipleinequalities and their intersections and to multiple governance and trans-national organisinf. This, in turn, suggests that comparative citizenship analysis needs to consider new spaces in which struggles for equal citizenship occur...

  10. Mapping Global Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Sharon

    2015-01-01

    The demand to cultivate global citizenship is frequently invoked as central to colleges' and universities' internationalization efforts. However, the term "global citizenship" remains undertheorized in the context of U.S. higher education. This article maps and engages three common global citizenship positions--entrepreneurial, liberal…

  11. 76 FR 60063 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security/U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-28

    ... Immigration Services-014 Electronic Immigration System- 1 Temporary Accounts and Draft Benefit Requests System....S. Citizenship and Immigration Services-014 Electronic Immigration System-1 Temporary Accounts and... Security/U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services to collect and maintain records on an individual as...

  12. Talk presented to French Senate on the draft of law for revamping and developing the electricity public service; Discours devant le Senat sur le projet de loi de modernisation et de developpement du service public de l'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pierret, Christian [State Secretary for Industry, French Government, Paris (France)

    2000-02-18

    This talk by Christian Pierret, the Secretary of State for industry was given on 5 October 1999 at the opening of Senate's debates on the draft of law for revamping and developing the electricity public service. The French electricity sector is today at a turning point of its history; the Parliament is conducting an important reform which has to be implemented timely and in good conditions. Throughout the law's draft the Government has had in view the country's aspirations for social cohesion, territory planning, industrial development and long term energy policy. The electricity public service should be robust and ensure equity, solidarity and dynamism. The law's draft organizes a growing electricity market widely opened to competition, hence reinforces the competitiveness of the national economy. Concrete tools are provided by the provisions of the law allowing implementation of a national energy policy endorsed by a large majority and giving the Parliament its proper role. Also, the role of local communities in the electricity sector is well outlined and reinforced. In this frame the Government has largely encouraged a fair competition giving at the same time to the public operator EDF the means of an international development. Thus, it is essential that the users of the transport and distribution public grids, the core of the electric system, have their access to grids both transparent and non-discriminatory, by paying a right charge for the service rendered. Also, the draft establishes the conditions guaranteeing the industrial future of EDF, in the context of a fair competition. Finally, the document stipulates a transparent and efficient regulation ensuring the efficient operation of the electricity sector, namely by a harmonious coexistence of the public service and competition to the benefit of all consumers.

  13. MIXED REACTION TO WORKERS’ RIGHTS LAW

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Legal protection for workers’ rights, adopted this year, has been applauded by workers but criticized by management Few Chinese laws have taken as longto draft as the Labor Contract Law,which after 11 years in the draft process

  14. Comments made by the Syndicate of renewable energies on the draft of orientation law about energies; Observations du Syndicat des energies renouvelables a l'avant-projet de loi d'orientation sur les energies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-12-01

    This document presents the proposals of modifications and the comments made by the French syndicate of renewable energies (SER) about the draft of energy law proposed by the government in November 2003. The document is presented as 3 columns with the original text of the law, the modifications proposed by the SER and their observations. The comments of the SER concern only the promotion of development and use of renewable energy sources, the energy saving certificates and the development of bio-fuels. (J.S.)

  15. Democratic Citizenship: European referents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María PUIG GUTIÉRREZ

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Let’s sense beforehand in this article a tour concerning the educational European policies that favors the development of a democratic citizenship. The aim that we chase is to understand the way in which nowadays it is being interpreted and stimulated the Citizenship education from European Union. for it we offer a conceptual delimiting of «Citizenship education» and later, we show an analysis of the principal documents and materials elaborated principally by the Council of Europe that mark the way followed by European Union as for education for Democratic Citizenship (EDC.

  16. Rethinking Sexual Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Diane

    2016-01-01

    Over the last two decades sexuality has emerged as a key theme in debates about citizenship, leading to the development of the concept of sexual citizenship. This article reviews this literature and identifies four main areas of critical framing: work that contests the significance of sexuality to citizenship; critiques that focus on the possibilities and limitations of mobilising the language of citizenship in sexual politics; analyses of sexual citizenship in relation to nationalisms and border making; and literature that critically examines western constructions of sexuality and sexual politics underpinning understandings of sexual citizenship. In order to progress the field theoretically, the article seeks to extend critiques of sexual citizenship focusing on two key aspects of its construction: the sexual citizen-subject and spaces of sexual citizenship. It argues for a critical rethink that encompasses a de-centring of a ‘western-centric’ focus in order to advance understandings of how sexual citizenship operates both in the Global North and South. PMID:28490816

  17. The draft of the new electricity market law at a glance; Der Entwurf zum neuen Strommarktgesetz im Ueberblick

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voss, Jan Ole; Kirschnick, Stephan [Becker Buettner Held, Berlin (Germany)

    2016-02-15

    The conclusion of the new electricity market law is: ''The market will judge it''. A refined market where the renewable energies are increasingly integrated, shall guarantee reasonable prices, security of supply and environmental protection. Whether this can be achieved in reality, is highly questionable. This would require that the overcapacity of the German electricity market confirmed in several reports and the wholesale price for electricity recovers the long term. Only then can it be assumed that investment incentives arise in the construction of modern and efficient power generation plants. Such a ''market-faithful'' system is also absolutely dependent on the behavior of neighboring European countries. Only when these go along the path and affect the price and capacity development not regulatory, the completion of a functioning, liberalized EU internal market for electricity can succeed. [German] Das Fazit des neuen Strommarktgesetzes heisst: ''Der Markt soll es richten''. Ein weiterentwickelter Markt, in den die erneuerbaren Energien zunehmend integriert werden, soll fuer guenstige Preise, Versorgungssicherheit und Umweltschutz sorgen. Ob das in der Realitaet gelingen kann, ist durchaus fraglich. Dies wuerde erfordern, dass die in mehreren Gutachten bestaetigten Ueberkapazitaeten am deutschen Strommarkt abgebaut werden und der Grosshandelspreis fuer Elektrizitaet sich langfristig erholt. Nur dann kann davon ausgegangen werden, dass Investitionsanreize in den Bau von modernen und effizienten Stromerzeugungsanlagen entstehen. Ein solch ''marktglaeubiges'' System ist zudem zwingend von dem Verhalten der europaeischen Nachbarstaaten abhaengig. Nur wenn diese den eingeschlagenen Weg mitgehen und die Preis- und Kapazitaetsentwicklung nicht regulatorisch beeinflussen, kann die Vollendung eines funktionierenden, liberalisierten EU Binnenmarktes fuer Strom gelingen.

  18. Citizenship and social justice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.P.J. Bernts (Ton); L. d' Anjou (Leo); D. Houtman (Dick)

    1992-01-01

    textabstractDiscussions on the problems of the welfare state are increasingly framed in terms of citizenship rather than social justice. The popularity of the concept of citizenship raises the question of its implications for social justice theory and research. In this article it is argued that wher

  19. Citizenship and social justice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.P.J. Bernts (Ton); L. d' Anjou (Leo); D. Houtman (Dick)

    1992-01-01

    textabstractDiscussions on the problems of the welfare state are increasingly framed in terms of citizenship rather than social justice. The popularity of the concept of citizenship raises the question of its implications for social justice theory and research. In this article it is argued that

  20. Citizenship and social justice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.P.J. Bernts (Ton); L. d' Anjou (Leo); D. Houtman (Dick)

    1992-01-01

    textabstractDiscussions on the problems of the welfare state are increasingly framed in terms of citizenship rather than social justice. The popularity of the concept of citizenship raises the question of its implications for social justice theory and research. In this article it is argued that wher

  1. Taking Citizenship Seriously.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hale, Dennis

    This paper outlines citizenship issues facing the United States today and presents ways to address these issues in society. Voter turnout, welfare issues, the national service program debate, curriculum reform, and multiculturalism all interface with issues of citizenship in a democracy. Elements contributing to the modern understanding of…

  2. The ecology of citizenship

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coates, Robert; Garmany, Jeff

    2017-01-01

    This article calls into question the relationship between citizenship, space and ecological stability. Drawing on case study research from urban Brazil, we argue that while space may be crucial to Western perspectives of citizenship – particularly in urban areas – the ecological coproduction of thes

  3. Global Citizenship Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roesgaard, Marie Højlund

    2016-01-01

    Global citizenship as an idea has become an increasingly important issue on the educational agenda since the late 1970’s. The importance allotted to this issue is clear in the attention given to it by for example UNESCO where global citizenship education (GCED) is an area of strategic focus....... Increasingly schools all over the world are attempting to or expected to educate the global citizen, but how exactly do you educate the global citizen? What does this global citizenship consist of? While surely the type of training and education needed to train a global citizen will vary greatly depending......, that it is possible to develop a feeling of global citizenship in a society. However, it is very important to keep in mind that global citizenship education as treated in the literature so far has been quite Eurocentric (this includes North America). A survey of research on GCED found that two thirds of the research...

  4. 通訊傳播管理法草案的盲點:文化公民權/傳播權視野之批判 Blindspot of NCC’s Proposed Draft Communications Act and Regulation Revision to Communications Convergence: A Critique from the Cultural Citizenship/Communication Rights Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    羅世宏 Shih-Hung Lo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available 我國通訊傳播監理有朝單一機關化、單一法典化方向發展的趨勢,但屬於作用法性質的「通訊傳播管理法」仍處於「電信法」和「廣電三法」合併修法的草案制定階段,不僅涉及電信和廣電法規之間的整合,也涉及廣電三法合一的整併問題,到目前為止都還未得到解決。本文以2007 年9 月11 日公布的「通訊傳播管理法草案」為分析探討對象,首先耙梳我國制定此草案的背景,同時選擇性地比較國內外相關法規,從中論證我國通訊傳播政策思維的轉變。其次,本文援引文化公民權與傳播權之概念,並以之為參考架構 來檢驗「通傳法草案」之條文內容,探索此部法典之盲點,最後提出「通傳法草案」仍有所不足、應該往前再進一步之建議,期使這部法案最後能夠真正提升並落實文化公民權和傳播權在台灣之實現。 Against the backdrop of convergence and competition, communications regulation in Taiwan has been moving towards a single regulator overseeing both telecommunications and media sectors. To meet the regulatory challenge in the context of communications convergence, the newly established single communications regulator, the National Communications Commission (NCC, has proposed a draft Communications Act. However, the draft Communications Act has its own blindspot, for putting too much weight on the wants of consumers rather than needs of citizens. Taking the perspective of cultural citizenship and communication rights, this article offers a critique of the draft Communications Act and NCC’s proposed regulation revision to communications convergence.

  5. Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply. Law draft adopted by the National Assembly; Projet de Loi relatif a la Modernisation et au Developpement du Service Public de l'Electricite adopte par l'Assemblee Nationale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    National Assembly [ed.] [Assemblee Nationale, Paris (France)

    1999-03-02

    This document presents the draft of the law regarding the revamping and expanding the domestic electricity supply, adopted by the French National Assembly. The first Title devoted to the definition of the domestic electricity supply contains 5 articles. The second Title deals with the production of electricity in the articles 6 through 12. Title three concerns the transport and electricity distribution issue exposed in articles 13 through 21 and three chapters titled: - Chap. 1, Transport of electricity; - Chap. 2, Distribution of electricity; - Chap.3, Safety and security of the grids. The Title four concerns with the access to domestic electricity grids exposed in the articles 22 to 24. The fifth Title settles in articles 25 to 27 the issue of the dissociation and transparency of accounting. The articles 28 through 41 treat under Title six the problems of Regulation. The Object of Electricity Authority of France is stipulated in the Title seven containing only the article 42. Social issues are stipulated in Title eight containing two articles, the first one being a completion to Chapter III of the Title seven in the Labour Law, titled 'Electricity and Gas Industries'. Finally, the Title nine comprising articles 45 to 52 deals with Diverse and Transient Provisions. The law draft was debated in public session in Paris on 2 March and signed by the President Laurent Fabius.

  6. Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply. Law draft modified by the Senate; Projet de Loi relatif a la Modernisation et au Developpement du Service Public de l'Electricite modifie par le senat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    National Assembly [ed.] [Assemblee Nationale, Paris (France)

    1999-10-07

    This document presents the draft of the law (TA no. 2) modified by the French Senate regarding the revamping and expanding the domestic electricity supply. The first Title, devoted to the definition of the domestic electricity supply, contains 5 articles. The second Title deals along articles 6 through 12 with the production of electricity. Title three concerns the transport and electricity distribution issue exposed in articles 13 through 21 and three chapters titled: - Chap. 1, Transport of electricity; - Chap. 2, Distribution of electricity; - Chap.3, Safety and security of the grids. The Title four is devoted to the access to domestic electricity grids exposed in the articles 22 through 24. The fifth Title settles in articles 25 through 27 the issue of the dissociation and transparency of accounting. The articles 28 through 41 treat under Title six the problems of Regulation. The Object of Electricity Authority of France is stipulated in the Title seven containing only the article 42. Social issues are stipulated in Title eight containing two articles, the first one being a completion to Chapter III of the Title seven in the Labour Law, titled 'Electricity and Gas Industries'. Finally, the Title nine comprising articles 45 to 52 deals with Diverse and Transitory Provisions. This law draft was debated in public seance in Paris on 7 October 1999 and signed by the President Christian Poncelet.

  7. 博弈与蜕变--论《外国投资法(草案)》之创新及阙如%Game and Metamorphosis---On the Innovation and Inadequacy of the Foreign Investment Law (Draft)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海英; 陈啸屹

    2016-01-01

    Issued in January 2015, the Foreign Investment Law (draft), proceeded with legislative style, is aiming at the achievement of the uniform application of foreign investment and the unification of the basic system of Foreign Investment Law .The draft adopted “negative list” mode boldly and committed to achieving an accurate, clear and transparent list.For the VIE structure used in the practice of foreign in-vestment management without legal regulation , the draft also carried on positive response .Even so, it is still worth studying whether this new Foreign Investment Law can completely cover the foreign legal rela -tion system and whether it can achieve metamorphosis successfully .%2015年1月出台的《外国投资法(草案)》从立法体例入手,拟实现外国投资的统一适用以及基础性制度的统一整合,草案积极大胆地引入“负面清单”模式,致力于创制一份精准、明确、透明的清单。并且,对于实践中长期得不到法律规制的 VIE 架构,征求意见稿也进行了正面应答。尽管如此,新的外资法是否能较为完备地覆盖外资法律关系体系,是否能不负众望地完成蜕变,仍值得研究。

  8. 8 CFR 324.4 - Women restored to United States citizenship by the act of June 25, 1936, as amended by the act of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Women restored to United States citizenship... NATURALlZED: WOMEN WHO HAVE LOST UNITED STATES CITIZENSHIP BY MARRIAGE AND FORMER CITIZENS WHOSE NATURALIZATION IS AUTHORIZED BY PRlVATE LAW § 324.4 Women restored to United States citizenship by the act...

  9. Supersession on Rhetorical Citizenship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villadsen, Lisa Storm

    Rhetoric is at the heart of citizenship. Rhetoric is key when citizenship is debated and performed. Rhetoric is key to changes in notions of citizenship. This panel features theorists, critics and educators from the fields of English, Communication Studies, Political Theory, and Education who...... via case studies of non-citizen refugees seeking asylum, discursive responses to public violence across time, and performative invocations of citizenship in public health controversies. Organizer: Lisa Villadsen Confirmed presenters, in alphabetical order: Robert Asen, Professor of Rhetoric, Politics......, and Culture, Communication Arts, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA Jeffrey A. Bennett, Associate Professor, Communication Studies, College of Liberal Arts & Sciences, University of Iowa, USA Simone Chambers, Professor, Political Science, Director of Centre for Ethics, University of Toronto, Canada Robert...

  10. Reframing Social Citizenship

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor-Gooby, Peter

    2008-01-01

    Recent reforms in welfare states generate new challenges to social citizenship. Social citizenship depends on the readiness of voters to support reciprocity and social inclusion and their trust in welfare state institutions as services that will meet their needs. Reform programmes in most western countries combine New Public Management, linking market competition and regulation by targets to achieve greater efficiency and responsiveness to service-users, and welfare-to-work and make-work-pay ...

  11. Draft of law relating to revamping of natural gas supply public service and to development of gas enterprises; Avant projet de loi relatif a la modernisation du service public du gaz naturel et au developpement des entreprises gazieres

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bricq [ed.] [Deputee de Seine-et-Marne, Assemblee Nationale, Paris (France)

    2000-02-07

    The state secretariat for industry has launched a large public debate between June and October 1999 based on a white book titled 'Towards the future organization of the gas sector'. The suggestions obtained were substantial. A brief presentation is added to the draft of the law devoted to revamping of natural gas supply public service and to development of gas enterprises. The presentation addresses the following points: 1. A public gas supply service modern and thought to reconcile the dynamism, equity and solidarity. 2. A controlled opening of the natural gas market towards competition: participating to the struggle for employment. 3. Tools ensuring the quality of gas supply and security of resources. 4. A transparent and efficient regulation: creating the conditions of a nondiscriminatory competition. 5. Requirements for developing the transport of natural gas regime. 6. Storage. 7. Social questions. The draft of the law relating to revamping of natural gas supply public service and to development of gas enterprises is a working document, not engaging the government. It is based on six titles. Title 1 and Title 2 treat the points 1 and 2 mentioned above. Title 3 contains two chapters devoted to transparency and accounting dissociation and to regulation in the natural gas sector, respectively. The Title 4 contains three chapters devoted to: 1. authorization of the works of natural gas transport; 2. gas distribution and 3. exploitation of the transport and natural gas distribution network. The fifth Title is dedicated to underground storage. The sixth Title presents diverse directives.

  12. Creating Critical Democratic Citizenship Education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veugelers, W.M.M.H.

    2007-01-01

    Dutch society and educational policy see citizenship education as being an important task of education. The first section of this paper discusses the concept of citizenship and citizenship education, and analyzes educational developments in the Netherlands. Following on from this introduction the se

  13. Globalization and Citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Urry

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Across much of the globe over the past decade two of the most powerful organising processes have been those of citizenship' and globalisation'. They have swept much else before them, reconstituting social and political life. In the case of citizenship, movements to demand rights of national citi-zenship have been enormously powerful in one continent after another. This demand for the rights of the citizen, and for the institutions of civil society, occurred most strikingly within former Eastern Europe. 1989 in many ways represents the year of the citizen, falling, as it does, some two hundred years after the subjects of Paris took to the streets in 1789, demanding themselves to be citizens (see Murdock 1992. Garton Ash argues that during the 1980s, across many diverse societies, people: 'wanted to be citizens, individual men and women with dignity and responsibility, with rights but also with duties, freely associating in civil society' (1990: 148.

  14. THE DRAFT LAW ON THE STATUS OF NATIONAL MINORITIES VERSUS THE REAL CHALLENGES OF THE SYSTEM FOR THE PROTECTION OF MINORITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel ANDREESCU

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The study proposes an in-depth discussion of the provisions of the Draft Status of National Minorities: the definition of national minorities, the cultural autonomy system, the monopoly of political and cultural rights, and lack of transparency in the resources usage, the statements of individuals concerning their affiliation to a national community, the provisions dealing with religions “specific” to minorities, and the status of national minorities as constitutive factors of the Romanian state. The intention to reform the system for the protection of national minorities by adding cultural autonomy to other provisions is a positive one. However, the solutions put forward are dissatisfying. The Draft Status destroys democracy within the minority communities; reinforces the status quo where it should be questioned; extends the monopoly of political groups regarding decision-making in the cultural and educational areas; creates the conditions for increased ethnic business and leads to unreasonably higher costs of the national minority protection system compared to the benefits. Particularly important is the fact that the Draft Status does not tackle the specificity of the two big “nationalizing minorities”, Hungarians and Roma population. Hungarians are experiencing a continuous population decrease and are concerned about the decline of the old Hungarian civilization in Transylvania. The Roma population is facing severe issues regarding social status and poverty and need to be provided with an environment in which this fragmented community may mobilize. They need creative solutions for institutionalization.

  15. From Culturalism to Citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Casellas López

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available This article places the immigrants’ integration issue within the culture-citizenship debate. In order to understand culture as something else than people’s given customs or “essence”, the text begins by analysing the essentialist notion of the term ‘culture’, pointing out some of its deficiencies and risks involved in dealing with such a notion. Drawing on the ethical relativism-universalism continuum, the authors also discuss the drawbacks they see in a culture-centred integration, suggesting instead a citizenship approach based on a multidirectional and dynamic notion –aimed at achieving equal rights for everyone involved, immigrant and native populations alike.

  16. Teaching about Religions and Education in Citizenship in France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saint-Martin, Isabelle

    2013-01-01

    In the French school system, citizenship is treated in a civics course titled "Education in civics, laws and society". However, it would be restrictive to narrow this topic to civics lessons, as the question resurfaces implicitly in other subjects. For instance, emphasis was placed in recent years on teaching about religions within…

  17. Teaching about Religions and Education in Citizenship in France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saint-Martin, Isabelle

    2013-01-01

    In the French school system, citizenship is treated in a civics course titled "Education in civics, laws and society". However, it would be restrictive to narrow this topic to civics lessons, as the question resurfaces implicitly in other subjects. For instance, emphasis was placed in recent years on teaching about religions within…

  18. Consumer Citizenship Curriculum Guides for Social Studies, English, Science, Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacKenzie, Louise; Smith, Alice

    These four consumer citizenship curriculum guides for social studies, English, science, and mathematics incorporate consumer education into these subject matter areas in grades 8-12. Each guide is organized around 10 main component/goals. They are basic economics in the marketplace, credit, consumer law/protection, banking skills, comparison…

  19. Draft of the law on Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply; Projet de loi relatif a la modernisation et au developpement du service public de l'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-06-15

    The draft of the law concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply issued by the 'Ministere de l'Economie, des Finances et de l'Industrie', Paris, France, contains 9 titles. They address the following subject matters: - Title I (5 articles), domestic electricity supply; - Title II (7 articles), electricity production; Title III (9 articles, 3 chapters), electricity transport and distribution and grid safety; Title IV (3 articles), access to public electricity grids; - Title V (3 articles), accounting dissociation and transparency; - Title VI (14 articles), regulation; - Title VII (1 article), object of Electricity of France (EDF); - Title VIII (2 articles), social provisions; - Title IX (8 articles), diverse and transitory provisions.

  20. Reflexiones sobre el anteproyecto de ley de contrato de seguro y la designación del beneficiario en el seguro sobre la vida = Reflections on the draft law on the insurance contract and beneficiary designation in on life insurance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Angustias Díaz Gómez

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analiza el Anteproyecto de Ley español de Contrato de Seguro, de 8 de abril de 2011, centrándonos en las novedades más significativas que contiene, en el ámbito de los Seguros de las personas, en el seguro sobre la vida y, de un modo más específico, respecto al beneficiario.This paper analyzes the Spanish Draft Law on Insurance Contracts (Anteproyecto de Ley de Contrato de Seguro, dated April 8, 2011, focusing on the most significant developments that contains, in the field of insurance of persons, in life insurance, and in a more specific regard to the insurance beneficiary

  1. Does China Need an Animal Protection Law?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    On September 18,a number of Chinese law experts announced that they had drafted an animal protection act. China currently lacks a comprehensive basic law on animal protection. The underdeveloped legal system is thus unable to put all animals under effective protection. Thus,scholars suggested drafting China’s first law on the protection of

  2. Islamophobia, Conflict and Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inman, Sally; Mc Cormack, Pip; Walker, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses some preliminary findings of the English part of a European Commission Fundamental Rights and Citizenship funded project "Children's Voices" (2011-2013) concerned with exploring and understanding children and young people's experiences of interethnic conflict and violence in primary and secondary schools. This is a…

  3. Citizenship of young people

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.A.M. Geboers

    2014-01-01

    Citizenship is considered an important factor in the development of interpersonal and societal competence (i.e. learning to act responsibly and adequately in Western society). The school is part of the daily life context of students and thus ideally a place to accumulate democratic experiences, meet

  4. Education and Citizenship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ringer, Fritz

    1993-01-01

    Examines enrollment trends in Germany and France around 1900 to determine whether democratic values and citizenship education were significant factors in increased enrollment in secondary schools. Maintains that the curriculum offered by elite secondary schools echoed the idealized attributes of the former governing elites. (CFR)

  5. Citizenship Law and the Challenge of Multiculturalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adamo, Silvia

    hermed. Denne side af sagen påvirker reglerne for erhvervelse af statsborgerskab gennem naturalisation, det vil sige den administrative og politiske proces, gennem hvilken udlændinge bliver danske statsborgere. Retningslinjerne for naturalisation er blevet indskærpet i så høj grad de seneste år, at den...

  6. 32 CFR 584.5 - U.S. citizenship determinations on children born out of wedlock in a foreign country.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    .... citizenship determinations on children born out of wedlock in a foreign country. (a) General. (1) A child born... laws of the nation in which she is a citizen. (2) A child born out of wedlock in a foreign country to... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true U.S. citizenship determinations on children born...

  7. Reframing Citizenship and Gender Justice -

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siim, Birte

    Marshall’s classical formulation of citizenship was associated with equal rights and duties of citizens within the nation state (Marshall 1950). It was at the same time based upon inequality within the category citizen, i.e. based on gender and ethnicity, as well between citizens and non...... to reframe the concept of citizenship to include visions of gender equality and gender justice within and beyond the nation states (Siim 2013). One crucial issue is how to expand the understanding of citizenship to include cultural diversity within the nation state. Scholars have proposed a multicultural...... citizenship (Kymlicka 1995), which recognizes the diversity and accommodate the cultural difference of minority groups within the nation states. Another crucial issue is how to expand citizenship to the transnational/global level. Scholars have proposed a notion of rooted cosmopolitan citizenship (Benhabib...

  8. PEDIBUS: SPACE AND CITIZENSHIP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANDREA GUARAN

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The knowledge and the progressive cognitive and relational "appropriation" of the neighbouring area (road, block, neighbourhood... by the child are the basic conditions that lead to citizenship as a concept. In this context, the ‘Pedibus’ service, i.e. taking children to school on foot, has proved to be successful in particular if it is carried out during pre-school years. Walking along the same section of the street from home to school, observing and becoming familiar with some parts of the landscape surrounding the town or the neighbourhood, is a very useful geographic exercise that lays the foundations for a conscious expression of active citizenship. In addition, the distance covered with other children promotes the consolidation of relational skills and especially the development of behaviour, which entails the ability to observe the road rules, respecting other people and the natural and social environment.

  9. Supersession on Rhetorical Citizenship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villadsen, Lisa Storm

    Danisch, Associate Professor, Drama and Speech Communication, University of Waterloo, Canada Rosa Eberly, Associate Professor, Communication Arts and Sciences, and English, Penn State University, USA David Kerr, Consultant Director of Education at the NGO Citizenship Foundation in London, Senior Teaching...... via case studies of non-citizen refugees seeking asylum, discursive responses to public violence across time, and performative invocations of citizenship in public health controversies. Organizer: Lisa Villadsen Confirmed presenters, in alphabetical order: Robert Asen, Professor of Rhetoric, Politics......, and Culture, Communication Arts, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA Jeffrey A. Bennett, Associate Professor, Communication Studies, College of Liberal Arts & Sciences, University of Iowa, USA Simone Chambers, Professor, Political Science, Director of Centre for Ethics, University of Toronto, Canada Robert...

  10. Ritualizing and Materializing Citizenship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damsholt, Tine

    2009-01-01

      This paper focuses on the possible transformation of the self in citizenship ceremonies in Western countries. It is argued that the transformation in these life defining moments is not only a question of ritual objectification or intentionality. The rituals are often experienced as emotional by....... These transformations engage a so called ‘ontological choreography' in which processes of ritual objectification and subjectification are intertwined, involving materiality, performativity, structural constraint, and the co-dependence of the performers....

  11. Dilemmas of Citizenship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siim, Birte

    2008-01-01

     Feminist scholarship has asked important questions about multiculturalism and gender equality and about the relation between women's rights and respect for cultural diversity.  The objective of this chapter is to discuss the challenges from migration and multiculturalism from the context...... of the Nordic welfare states by looking at the tensions between gender equality and respect for diversity.  The focus is on the gendered conflicts and tensions between gender and ethnicity in the Danish approach to citizenship....

  12. On the Drafting of Confidentiality Agreements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drewsen, Merete; Lando, Henrik; Cummins, Tim

    2006-01-01

    This is not a theoretical paper but an application of existing law and economic contract theory to the issue of how to draft a specific kind of contract. It is addressed to practitioners and is intended for practical use. It will be part of a Wiki (as in Wikipedia) for contract drafting, which...... IACCM (International Association for Contract and Commercial Management) has initiated. The main theoretical aspect of the article concerns the application of the value maximization principle (the Coase theorem) to the drafting of confidentiality agreements. While the article is not theoretical, its...

  13. Oklahomans and the Law: A Resource Book for Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oklahoma Univ., Norman. Southwest Center for Human Relations Studies.

    This background material on laws and the legal system is designed for teachers of citizenship courses at the secondary level. Fifteen topics in the form of questions and answers are discussed by practicing lawyers. Topics include consumer law, criminal law, drugs and alcohol, employment law, juvenile and family courts, landlord and tenant law, and…

  14. Oklahomans and the Law: A Resource Book for Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oklahoma Univ., Norman. Southwest Center for Human Relations Studies.

    This background material on laws and the legal system is designed for teachers of citizenship courses at the secondary level. Fifteen topics in the form of questions and answers are discussed by practicing lawyers. Topics include consumer law, criminal law, drugs and alcohol, employment law, juvenile and family courts, landlord and tenant law, and…

  15. Citizenship Education in Denmark

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sevgi Coşkun KESKİN

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Many countries in the world refer to the social studies and history program to achieve the objective training a good citizen according to its own structure and approach. Denmark is one of these countries. For this purpose Denmark aims to educate individuals who are respectful to the values of community, actively participate in the democratic society and contribute to the development of living community. In this context, the content of Social Studies Program in Denmark forms such as freedom of thought, democracy, ideology, policy and constitutional issues. In recent years in our country makes many applications and project that is based to citizenship education by the Ministry of Education. To shed light on these studies and bring recommendations, social studies and history curriculum of Denmark carrying out citizenship education very seriously is investigated in terms of dimensions of goals, content, learning and teaching process and evaluation.This study is limited with social studies lesson in 7th-9th class and history lesson in 3th-9th class which is applied in Odense of Denmark. In this study it is examined metioned the programs by document analysis. The Programs are obtained reaching the country’s Education Ministry sources. The documents which were written Danish language are translated into first English and then Turkish language. In the meantime it is receieved the support for translation fromDanish programs professionals and teachers where it is needed. In addition to data collection, the researcher is observed participating various course activities.According to results of analysis of the data, these findings are reached: It is often emphasized on concept of democracy, freedom, and respect in citizenship education in Denmark. It is intended to give the students required the rules and values for participation in the democratic life and it is attempted to be given approach that the students have a right to say their ideas freely and to

  16. Citizenship as Property, Not So Valuable

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter J. Spiro

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available With The Birthright Lottery: Citizenship and Global Inequality, Ayelet Shachar is the first major scholar to put the rich theory of property law theory to work in the realm of citizenship. Assessed on its own criteria, the book delivers on its promise to shake up our thinking on this question. Nevertheless, I argue in this paper that her account is not ultimately persuasive. First, Shachar takes for granted that citizenship is a valuable resource. I suggest that today legal residency is more highly valued that citizenship. Also her defense of the state and the social advantages of having stable citizenship regimes does nothing to confront its decline as the central organizing principle of political life. Last but not least, the modalities of a birthright citizenship levy calls into question the underlying analysis. For instance, the current proposal looks undistinguishable from foreign aid and it would demand much more robust institutional organs of global governance that now exist. The second prong of her argument works at the domestic level as it tackles the problem of under- and over-inclusiveness of birthright citizenship. Here too I have reservations highlighted by modes of implementation.Avec The Birthright Lottery: Citizenship and Global Inequality, Ayelet Shachar est la première chercheuse de pointe qui utilise la riche théorie du droit de propriété dans le domaine de la citoyenneté. Jugé à l’aune de ses principes, le livre réussit à secouer nos idées reçues sur cette question. Dans cet article, je soutiens néanmoins que son explication n’est pas aussi convaincante qu’elle en a l’air. D’abord parce qu’elle tend à surévaluer la citoyenneté. La résidence permanente est aujourd’hui plus en demande et a pour cette raison plus de valeur que la citoyenneté. Ensuite, parce que la défense de l’État et des avantages sociaux des régimes de citoyenneté stables ne fait rien pour remédier au déclin de l

  17. Gendering Citizenship in Western Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siim, Birte; Lister, Ruth; Williams, Fiona

    The first part of the book clarifies the ways that the concept of citizenship has developed historically and is understood today in a range of Western European welfare states. It elaborates on the contempory framing of debates and struggles around citizenship. This provides a framework for thee p...

  18. New Literacies for Digital Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simsek, Eylem; Simsek, Ali

    2013-01-01

    The meaning of citizenship has usually been associated with the power of individuals in the process of social decision-making. Throughout the history, effective citizenship has required functional literacy skills as the fundamental factor for attending societal life. In the past, the 3Rs (writing, reading, and arithmetic) were considered to be…

  19. "Transformative Looks": Practicing Citizenship through Photography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Sónia; Maiztegui-Oñate, Concha; Mata-Codesal, Diana

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The article discusses the meanings of citizenship and citizenship education when formal citizenship is restricted by exploring the potential of photography education and practice as a tool that promotes the exercise of citizenship in the context of non-formal critical adult education. By doing it, this text aims to enhance our…

  20. The Impossibility of Global Citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Burke Wood

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In this essay, I dispute the possibility of global citizenship, presently receiving support in activist circles (academic and otherwise and educational communities. I attempt to dispel the celebratory conceptualization of citizenship as a status benevolently awarded by the state, and the state as a reasonable and moral partner in the exchange. Global citizenship is challenged on two fronts: as an impractical (and undesirable scale of government, and through a critical exploration of the production of citizenship as a technology of governance by the state whose language of equality not only serves to include and empower, but also to exclude and justify such exclusion. Nonetheless, in support of those organizing to counter the negative effects of neoliberal globalization, I conclude that non-scalar thinking about governance, and a broader understanding of being political than is commonly captured by citizenship, offer strategic possibility for civil society.

  1. We, the People of the World... Special Programs in Citizenship Education: Comparative Legal Systems. SPICE V.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardin, Julia P., Ed.; Moulden, Richard G., Ed.

    This compilation of over 40 lesson plans on various topics in law related education was written by classroom teachers from around the United States who had participated in the fifth of an annual series called Special Programs in Citizenship Education (SPICE)--weeklong institutes devoted to learning about different cultures and laws. Called SPICE V…

  2. On the Protection of Criminals’ Fundamental Rights of New Criminal Law Draft of the Qing Dynasty-A Perspective of Three Basic Principles of Modern Criminal Law%论《大清新刑律草案》对罪犯基本权利的保护--近代三大刑法基本原则视角下的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛锋

    2013-01-01

    The New Criminal Law Draft of the Qing Dynasty is infiltrated with the advanced western legal thoughts and legal principles in that it not only comprehensively embodies three fundamental principles of modern western criminal law, namely the Doctrine of Legal Crime and Penalty, the Doctrine of Suitable Punishment to the Crime and the Doctrine of Humanitarian Criminal Punishment, but also clearly defines the legal protection of criminals’ fundamental rights from the legal system. This marks the modernization of the Chinese traditional law and the transformation of the Chinese traditional law from maintaining national power to protecting individual rights. This law marks the beginning of legalization for the protection of human rights in modern China, despite the obvious historical limitations.%  《大清新刑律草案》渗透了西方近代进步法律思想和法律原则,不仅全面体现了西方近代刑法三大基本原则,即罪刑法定原则、罪刑相适应原则和刑罚人道主义原则,而且从法律制度上较为鲜明地表现了对罪犯基本权利的法律保护。这标志着中国传统法律开始向近代转型,既是中国传统法律从维护国家权力向保护个人权利转型的开端,也是近代中国人权保护法制化的开端。该法律草案也存在着明显的历史局限性。

  3. Citizenship education : the feasibility of a participative approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guerin, L. J. F.; van der Ploeg, P. A.; Sins, P. H. M.

    2013-01-01

    Background:European and national policies on citizenship education stimulate the implementation of a participative approach to citizenship education, fostering active citizenship. The reason given for fostering active citizenship is the decline of participation in political and social life jeopardiz

  4. Adult education for democratic citizenship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    . The research literature review was designed as the foundation for the investigation of what is know about how adults can achieve competencies relevant for democratic citizenship in various European countries, what type of educational interventions have proven effective in this regards and how educational......The report presents, in brief, the findings from the study of research literature on Adult Education for Democratic Citizenship, which was carried out in the nine EU member states represented by the project: Austria, Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Spain and United Kingdom...... policy intervene in the field of Adult Education for Democratic Citizenship....

  5. Self-contained regime and the meaning of lex specialis rule on the example of Draft Articles on Responsibility of States of UN International Law Commission and the Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) within the law of World Trade Organization (WTO)-selecte

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Marcin Lech

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this article is a presentation of the selected issues concerning the conception and contemporary perception of the legal order dealing with self-contained regime and the significance of the lex specialis norms. This subject is analysed on the example of the Draft Articles on the Responsibility of States for International y Wronglful Acts of the International Law Commission of the United Nations in the context of the Dispute Set lement System of the World Trade Organization (WTO). The presented is ue is one of the examples of the legal order, which has an important influence for an analysis concerning the traditional perception connected with the contemporary international legal order. There are dif erent legal instruments in the particular areas of international law which regulate in the autonomous way the issue of state responsibility. Both international lawyers and international relations scholars have been at racted to the ideas of autonomous subsystems, cal ed self-containment. This is designated as self-contained regimes a particular category of subsystems, those that embrace a ful , exhaustive and definitive set of secondary rules. The principal characteristics of self-contained regimes is its intention to total y exclude the application of the general legal consequences of wrongful acts, in particular the application of countermeasures by an injured state. The exhaustive character of these regulations limits the application of general international law and have an influence for contemporary fragmentation of international law and its later evolution. It causes also a situation of diversification and expansion of international law. Therefore, the principal characteristics must be identified, taking into account their sources, substantial content and scope, as wel as the possibility of practical application together with their evolution and changes. The relationship between fragmentation and hierarchy of norms in international law arises. The first

  6. The Essence of European Citizenship Emerging from the Last Ten Years of Academic Debate : Beyond the Cherry Blossoms and the Moon?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kochenov, D.

    2013-01-01

    This article scrutinizes the last ten years of the academic debate on EU citizenship law taking nine fundamental disagreements among scholars as starting points. It explores EU citizenship's relationship with three groups of issues of fundamental importance, including the place of this concept withi

  7. Career Commitment, Competencies, and Citizenship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carson, Kerry David; Carson, Paula Phillips

    1998-01-01

    Nursing department employees (n=75) completed the Career Commitment Measure and other measures. Emotional intelligence was positively related to career commitment but not organizational commitment. Both types of commitment were positively related to organizational citizenship. (SK)

  8. Managers and Organizational Citizenship Behavior

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mihaela Man

    2016-01-01

    In this research on the one hand we analyzed the relationship that exists in terms of motivational persistence and the Big Five dimensions and, on the other hand, organizational citizenship behavior (OCB...

  9. Engineering an Anthropocene Citizenship Framework

    CERN Document Server

    Beigi, Shima

    2015-01-01

    This article presents an Anthropocene citizen-cantered framework by incorporating the neuroscience of sustainability related stressors, the biology of collaboration in multi-agent ecosystems such as urban systems, and by emphasising on the importance of harnessing the collective intelligence of the crowd in addressing wicked challenges of sustainable development. The Anthropocene citizenship framework aims to transcend the cognitive model of global citizenship and sustainability to a dynamic, resilient and thriving mental model of collective cooperation.

  10. A multidimensional analysis of ethical climate, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and organizational citizenship behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Chun-Chen; You, Ching-Sing; Tsai, Ming-Tien

    2012-07-01

    The high turnover of nurses has become a global problem. Several studies have proposed that nurses' perceptions of the ethical climate of their organization are related to higher job satisfaction and organizational commitment and thus lead to higher organizational citizenship behaviors. This study uses hierarchical regression to understand which types of ethical climate, facets of job satisfaction, and the three components of organizational commitment influence different dimensions of organizational citizenship behaviors. Questionnaires were distributed to 450 nurses, and 352 usable questionnaires were returned. The findings of the article suggest that hospitals can increase organizational citizenship behaviors by influencing an organization's ethical climate, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment. Hospital administrators can foster within organizations, the climate types of caring, law and code and rules climate, satisfaction with coworkers, and affective commitment and normative commitment that increase organizational citizenship behavior, while preventing organizations from developing the type of instrumental climate and continuance commitment that decreases it.

  11. EU Enlargement and Latvian Citizenship Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen M. Morris

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available This article examines whether its desire to join the European Union exerted any influence upon Latvian nationality policy. The author concludes that external pressure upon Latvian policymakers during the accession process led to a significantly more liberal and inclusive citizenship law than might have otherwise been adopted. The analysis includes an assessment of current concerns in nationality and minority policy in Latvia including the large number and status of non-citizens, the application of language legislation, and the reform of the education system. EU membership is expected to make Latvian citizenship more attractive for non-citizens and the country will continue to be required to meet its international obligations regarding treatment of the non-citizen population and minorities. However, there is a risk that the completion of accession negotiations and accompanying reduction in European Commission influence coupled with intense pressure on limited economic and administrative resources in the new member states will sideline respect for and protection of minority rights.

  12. [Comics for citizenship].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caruso, Francisco; Silveira, Cristina

    2009-01-01

    A new method for working with scientific, healthcare, historic, sociological, linguistic and other concepts through comic books is presented for youth from public high schools in Rio de Janeiro. The method is based on the pedagogy inspired by Bachelard, according to which scientific knowledge and artistic production are integrated by the stimulus to creativity. It shows how it is capable of contributing to the recuperation of students' self-esteem and increasing motivation to study and how through a creative process and emphasis on a critical spirit, youths construct their citizenship, based on re-readings and translations of a new world built of sciences, dreams and images, which are made concrete in comics, some of which illustrate the text.

  13. Citizenship and Terrorism: The Significance of a Pathway to Citizenship on Homeland Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    question: How would providing a pathway to citizenship for the illegal immigrant population of the United States affect homeland security with respect to... illegal immigrant , and non- immigrating foreigner. An analysis of terrorism defined by the categories of citizenship status and estimated population...domestic terrorism. 14. SUBJECT TERMS Citizenship, terrorism, comprehensive immigration reform, illegal immigrant , pathway to citizenship

  14. 《预算法》修订热议后的再思考--以《预算法修正案(草案)》为视角%The Amendment of Budget Law--From the Perspective of“Budget Law Amendment (Draft)”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈广明

    2014-01-01

    预算法在经济法律体系中处于至关重要的地位,被称作“经济宪法”,在一个国家的财政、金融运行中处于主导性的地位。现行《预算法》自1995年通过并实施以来,产生了至关重要的积极影响。但随着社会经济的发展,预算法已经越来越不能适应新形势下规范预算编制执行和强化预算监督的需要,完善我国预算法律制度已成为当务之急。本文在2012年《预算法修正案(草案)》二审稿的基础上明确了当下预算法依旧存在的诸如预算编制、执行、监督等方面的问题,并提出预算法修订的诸如建立系统合理的预算编制、完善预算执行过程等在内的五点建议。%Budget Law plays a very important role in the economic system, which is known as the“economic constitution” and holds a dominant position in a country’s fiscal and financial operation. The current Budget Law, adopted and implemented since 1995, has had a vital positive impact. However, with the development of social economy, the Budget Law has been increasingly unable to meet the needs of new situation of budgeting norms and strengthening budget execution and supervision. It is imperative to improve our national budget legal system. Based on the 2012“Budget Law Amendment (Draft)”, this paper presents the problems of the current Budget Law, such as budgeting, implementation, monitoring etc., and puts forward a five-point proposal to the amendment of the Budget Law, which includes establishing a systematic and rational budgeting, improving the budget execution process etc..

  15. Corporate citizenship : Cultural antecedents and business benefits

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maignan, [No Value; Ferrell, OC; Hult, GTM

    1999-01-01

    The article explores the nature of corporate citizenship and its relevance for marketing practitioners and academic researchers. Specifically, a conceptualization and operationalization of corporate citizenship are first proposed. Then, an empirical investigation conducted in two independent samples

  16. Corporate citizenship : Cultural antecedents and business benefits

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maignan, [No Value; Ferrell, OC; Hult, GTM

    1999-01-01

    The article explores the nature of corporate citizenship and its relevance for marketing practitioners and academic researchers. Specifically, a conceptualization and operationalization of corporate citizenship are first proposed. Then, an empirical investigation conducted in two independent samples

  17. Corporate citizenship : Cultural antecedents and business benefits

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maignan, I.S.J.; Ferrell, O.C.; Hult, G.T.M.

    The article explores the nature of corporate citizenship and its relevance for marketing practitioners and academic researchers. Specifically, a conceptualization and operationalization of corporate citizenship are first proposed. Then, an empirical investigation conducted in two independent samples

  18. Environmental and ecological citizenship in civil society

    OpenAIRE

    Humphreys, David

    2009-01-01

    Drawing from the work of Andrew Dobson, two notions of citizenship in civil society can be distinguished: environmental citizenship, which focuses on environmental rights and seeks to redefine the relationship between the state and the citizen; and ecological citizenship, which goes beyond a rights-based notion of citizenship to advocate the fair usage of ecological space across international borders. Using civil society initiatives to conserve forests, this article argues that these two noti...

  19. Current issues of space law before the United Nations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosenball, S. N.

    1974-01-01

    The United Nations' activities in the area of space law and the accomplishments of the Outer Space Committee are discussed. Two draft conventions, the draft treaty on the moon and the draft treaty on the registration of space objects are considered. Other issues covered include the direct broadcast by satellite, the boundary between air space and outer space, and remote sensing from space.

  20. 8 CFR 245a.17 - Citizenship skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Citizenship skills. 245a.17 Section 245a.17... Citizenship skills. (a) Requirements. Applicants for adjustment under LIFE Legalization must meet the... permanent residence and may be based solely on the failure to pass the basic citizenship skills requirements...

  1. Modelling polymer draft gears

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Qing; Yang, Xiangjian; Cole, Colin; Luo, Shihui

    2016-09-01

    This paper developed a new and simple approach to model polymer draft gears. Two types of polymer draft gears were modelled and compared with experimental data. Impact characteristics, in-train characteristics and frequency responses of these polymer draft gears were studied and compared with those of a friction draft gear. The impact simulations show that polymer draft gears can withstand higher impact speeds than the friction draft gear. Longitudinal train dynamics simulations show that polymer draft gears have significantly longer deflections than friction draft gears in normal train operations. The maximum draft gear working velocities are lower than 0.2 m/s, which are significantly lower than the impact velocities during shunting operations. Draft gears' in-train characteristics are similar to their static characteristics but are very different from their impact characteristics; this conclusion has also been reached from frequency response simulations. An analysis of gangway bridge plate failures was also conducted and it was found that they were caused by coupler angling behaviour and long draft gear deflections.

  2. European citizenship and active citizenship: an ever open debate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauretta D’Angelo

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available In the course of the last decade the European debate on the concept of citizenship has shown that a definition of this concept in strictly legal and jurisprudence terms is reductive. Indeed a behavioral element is present, which goes beyond the defence and request for defence of rights and duties, but actually stresses the importance of acting within a community (or within several communities. A citizenship belonging to a given space/time context which, to be authentic, requires know-how and know-how-to-be that can be gained in different training opportunities (formal, informal etc. with various active learning methodologies and through experience. The SEDEC project aims to investigate which teaching methodologies and activities specifically developed for the teaching of sciences can be applied in other learning contexts, in order to sustain actions for developing an active citizenship.

  3. Rethinking EU Citizenship: Towards the Postmodern Ethics of Citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanja IVIC

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The concept of EU citizenship reflects EU politics of (fixed identity, which guarantees rights only to the homogenous groups (and individuals as representatives of these groups. Hence, it leaves room for marginalizing, othering, excluding and other forms of discrimination, by creating binary oppositions: we/they, citizen/alien, EU/non-EU and so forth. EU citizenship is based on the modernist ethics of priority of right over the good. It is created to promote European idea, so it has only instrumental value. On the other hand, the politics of affinity leads to the substantive EU citizenship founded on multiple identities. The politics of affinity requires a new ethics which will lead to transformation of the main concepts of EU legal discourse.

  4. A Reflection on Material Citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Grifone Baglioni

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The concept of citizenship is central to European history and has great resonance. It does however bear the weight an ‘original sin’, its derivation from the idea of the nation: a relationship worth reviewing in the light of the dynamics of present-day society. Furthermore, the polysemic nature of citizenship can di use its meaning and reduce e ective analysis. With this in mind, the present paper, after having explored the origins of citizenship and reviewed its development, proposes a de nition in material terms. The question of status, pre-eminent in the juridical approach, is of lesser importance in the present sociological interpretation of citizenship, concentrating as it does on individual practices. Rights allow the individual access to certain social resources (which ones? but capitals determines the quantity of social resources the person may draw on (how many?. Together, rights and capitals shape the capabilities that each person converts into functionings in daily life – that is into the practices of citizenship, but only in those cases when the individual’s behaviour is compatible with the norms of the community. 

  5. Corporate citizenship: Statoil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fjell, Olav

    2003-01-01

    Open markets alone do not guarantee equitable and sustainable development. Income disparities are growing both within and between countries to the extent that the marginalization of the poor has become a key challenge of globalization. To meet this challenge, the global community must address the governance gap between global finance/economics and local or national politics in world affairs. This article discusses how globalization is shaping Statoil's approach to corporate citizenship. The Norwegian firm, with 17,000 workers in some 25 countries, is one of the major net sellers of crude oil and supplies Europe with natural gas. Statoil maintains that corporations can contribute to global governance by conducting business in a manner that is ethical, economically viable, environmentally sound, and socially responsible. This contribution can be achieved through development partnerships with national governments, multilateral institutions, and nongovernmental organizations. Norway's Statoil ASA is one of the world's largest net sellers of crude oil and a major supplier of natural gas to Europe. It is the leading Scandinavian retailer of petroleum and other oil products. Statoil employs approximately 17,000 workers and operates in 25 countries.

  6. Industrial Citizenship, Cosmopolitanism and European Integration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Chenchen; Lillie, Nathan

    2015-01-01

    citizenship in its current ‘postnational’ form is realized through practices of mobility, placing it at tension with bounded class-based collectivities. Though practices of working class cosmopolitanism may eventually give rise to a working class consciousness, the fragmented nature of this vision impedes...... citizenship, which is a crucial support for social solidarity on which other types of citizenship are based. Because industrial citizenship arises from collectivities based on class identities and national institutions, it depends on the national territorial order and the social closure inherent in it. EU...... the development of transnational class based collectivities. Industrial and cosmopolitan citizenship must be reimagined together if European integration is to be democratized....

  7. Report on the draft of the law No. 1253 concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply. Volume I. General discussion and Examination of the articles; Rapport sur le projet de loi (no. 1253) relatif a la modernisation et au developpement du service public de l'electricite. Tome I. Discussion generale et Examen des articles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bataille, Christian [Assemblee Nationale, Paris (France)

    1999-02-11

    This report on the draft of the law No. 1253 concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply is composed of three parts. The first part contains the following three sections: I. The electricity, a commodity as others?; II. The stride towards liberalization; III. France and the opening of electricity market. In turn, the first section addresses the following two subjects: A. The 'classic' approach or recognizing the peculiarity of electricity; B. The European approach or the trend of trivializing the electricity. The second section addresses the subjects titled: A. A long and severe bargaining; B. Directive 96/92/CE of 19 December 1996, a new step in achieving a domestic market of electricity; C. The stage of implementation throughout the member states. The third section presents the current juridical framework and the main problems stipulated in the draft of the law concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply. The second part of this report is devoted to the debates in the Commission of Production and Exchanges and contains the following three sections: I. Auditions; II. General discussion; III. The examination of the articles of the law concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply.

  8. The Effects of Activities for Digital Citizenship on Students’ Attitudes toward Digital Citizenship and Their Reflections on Students’ Understanding about Digital Citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hıdır KARADUMAN

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Advances in info-communication technologies have brought many social, cultural, and economic changes along across the world. Recent reflections of these changes over citizenship studies are noteworthy. One of the relevant concepts, digital citizenship can be defined as applying and advocating behaviors necessary for legal, ethical, safe, and responsible use of info-communication technologies in online settings (ISTE, 2007. Day by day, individuals are becoming more and more digital citizens with the spread of the Internet and digital communication devices. However, this gives rise to discussions about problems related with ethics, privacy and security, health, communication, and etc. (Symantec, 2010; Deniz, 2010; Kadll, Kumba & Kanamad, 2010; Gunduz & Ozdinc, 2008; Kabakci & Can, 2009. All these hot issues, debates, and current technological competence standards point that teachers should teach this concept to their students as efficiently as possible by adopting digital citizenship (Greenhow, 2010. Ribble (2006 states that this education can be carried out through 9 dimensions such as digital ethics, digital communication, digital literacy, digital access, digital commerce, digital rights and law, digital privacy and security, digital responsibility, and digital health & wellness.

  9. Severe Punishment to the Bribery Crime---From the View of The Criminal law Amendment (Ninth) (Draft)%严惩行贿犯罪--以《刑法修正案(九)(草案)》为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于晓玲

    2015-01-01

    行贿犯罪对受贿犯罪有诱发的作用,但在我国法律和司法实践中却没有得到应有的重视。《刑法修正案(九)(草案)》对行贿犯罪做出修改,完善惩治行贿犯罪的法网。本文从我国现行刑法规定的行贿犯罪及其刑事责任出发,利用比较分析法,研究外国刑法中行贿犯罪的刑事责任,再对《刑法修正案(九)(草案)》中行贿罪刑事责任的规定进行评析,反映我国立法对严惩行贿犯罪的态度。%Bribery crime can lure the corruption crime. But it isn't attached great importance to the law and the judicial practice. The Criminal law Amendment (Ninth) (Draft) has changed the rule of the bribery crime and perfected the system of punishing the bribery crime. Based on the Bribery crime and criminal liability from the Criminal law of our country, through the method of comparative analysis , this paper discusses the criminal liability of bribery crime in foreign criminal law , and analyzes the criminal liability of bribery crime in The Criminal law Amendment (Ninth) (Draft) , which reflects China's attitude to bribery crime.

  10. Language Testing in the Context of Citizenship and Asylum: The Case of Estonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zabrodskaja, Anastassia

    2009-01-01

    The focus of the current article is language testing in the context of citizenship and asylum in Estonia, a country that regained independence in 1991. Estonian as the single official language of the country (according to the new language legislation laws) and a new political system have caused changes in use of and attitudes toward Estonian among…

  11. Language Testing in the Context of Citizenship and Asylum: The Case of Estonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zabrodskaja, Anastassia

    2009-01-01

    The focus of the current article is language testing in the context of citizenship and asylum in Estonia, a country that regained independence in 1991. Estonian as the single official language of the country (according to the new language legislation laws) and a new political system have caused changes in use of and attitudes toward Estonian among…

  12. Educating Tourists for Global Citizenship:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Phi, Giang; Whitford, Michelle; Dredge, Dianne

    2017-01-01

    Ethical tourism initiatives have increasingly been framed as tools to educate tourists about global citizenship (GC), yet it is unclear how these initiatives are conceptualised, planned and implemented by tourism providers. This paper focuses on a form of ethical tourism known as microfinance...

  13. Faculty Organizational Commitment and Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Janet; Ott, Molly; Bell, Alli

    2012-01-01

    Building on a theoretical framework that links characteristics of individuals and their work settings to organizational commitment (OC) and citizenship behavior, this study considers why faculty may be disengaging from institutional service. Analyses of survey data collected from a state system of higher education suggest that job characteristics,…

  14. Education for Responsible Citizenship: Conversation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waghid, Yusef

    2009-01-01

    There is an abundance of literature on citizenship education. This essay is an attempt to show how deliberation is used in university classroom pedagogy, to engender in students a commitment to becoming responsible citizens of a post-apartheid South Africa. Firstly, I show that controversy can be attended to through deliberation, with specific…

  15. Citizenship Norms in Eastern Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coffe, Hilde; van der Lippe, Tanja

    2010-01-01

    Research on Eastern Europe stresses the weakness of its civil society and the lack of political and social involvement, neglecting the question: What do people themselves think it means to be a good citizen? This study looks at citizens' definitions of good citizenship in Poland, Slovenia, the Czech Republic and Hungary, using 2002 European Social…

  16. Citizenship norms in Eastern Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coffé, H.R.; Lippe, T. van der

    2010-01-01

    Research on Eastern Europe stresses the weakness of its civil society and the lack of political and social involvement, neglecting the question: What do people themselves think it means to be a good citizen? This study looks at citizens’ definitions of good citizenship in Poland, Slovenia, the Czech

  17. Voice, Citizenship, and Civic Action

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tufte, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    In recent years the world has experienced a resurgence in practices of bottom-up communication for social change, a plethora of agency in which claims for voice and citizenship through massive civic action have conquered center stage in the public debate. This resurgence has sparked a series...

  18. Citizenship norms in Eastern Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coffé, H.R.; Lippe, T. van der

    2010-01-01

    Research on Eastern Europe stresses the weakness of its civil society and the lack of political and social involvement, neglecting the question: What do people themselves think it means to be a good citizen? This study looks at citizens’ definitions of good citizenship in Poland, Slovenia, the Czech

  19. Citizenship Perceptions of University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yigit, Mehmet Fatih

    2016-01-01

    Citizenship has become one of the important topics discussed in especially developed countries by policy makers and various stakeholders in recent years. Some important reasons behind it are the political, economic and social uneasiness throughout the world in both collectivistic and individualistic societies. The current study aims at looking at…

  20. Building Citizenship Skills in Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blozis, Cathy; Scalise, Ralph; Waterman, Cheryl E.; Wells, Melodie

    An action research project implemented a program for the development of citizenship, cultural awareness, and positive character attributes. Targeted population consisted of middle and high school students in several growing, middle class communities located in northern Illinois. Problems of lack of awareness and sensitivity are documented through…

  1. Citizenship Discourses: Production and Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Maria; Fejes, Andreas; Dahlstedt, Magnus; Nicoll, Katherine

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores citizenship discourses empirically through upper secondary school student's understandings, as these emerge in and through their everyday experiences. Drawing on a post-structuralist theorisation inspired by the work of Michel Foucault, a discourse analysis of data from interviews with students is carried out. This analysis…

  2. Geographical Education for Environmental Citizenship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huckle, John

    1986-01-01

    Describes the concept of environmental citizenship and shows how to apply it to the "African crisis" and Australia. Claims geography can link a concern for a better world to the realities of world economic and political order thereby revealing the inadequacies of the accounts of crises offered by governments and the media. (JDH)

  3. Citizenship Discourses: Production and Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Maria; Fejes, Andreas; Dahlstedt, Magnus; Nicoll, Katherine

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores citizenship discourses empirically through upper secondary school student's understandings, as these emerge in and through their everyday experiences. Drawing on a post-structuralist theorisation inspired by the work of Michel Foucault, a discourse analysis of data from interviews with students is carried out. This analysis…

  4. T he normative concept of labour citizenship as a determinant of the global value of economic migration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni DI LIETO

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper outlines the development of the key studies on conceptions of labour, citizenship, and migration, which combine to lay the theoretical foundations of the contemporary global governance in economic migration. The initial concern of this study is to build upon traditional accounts of labour and citizenship in order to develop a link between industrial citizenship and migrant workers’ mobility. Such approach aims at establishing the normative concept of industrial citizenship as a determinant of the social and economic value of human mobility for the purpose of work. This is intended to further the idea that cross-border labour can be not only a pathway to national citizenship for migrants, but also the avenue to the transnational evolution of citizenship in general. The variety of analytical treatments of the concept of labour, citizenship and migration span from ancient Greek philosophy through to the Scholastics and mercantilists, to the forerunners of the classical political economy, and finally to present labour economics, law and political science. Such an interdisciplinary approach challenges the traditional hypothesis of labour as a basic analytical category in which the worker is increasingly invisible, and where the price of labour is regulated through the market in a manner similar to other factors of production.

  5. Organizational citizenship pressure, compulsory citizenship behavior, and work--family conflict

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Zhao, Hongdan; Liu, Yinbin; Sheard, Geoff

    2017-01-01

    We sought to explore the mediating effect of compulsory citizenship behavior in the relationship between organizational citizenship pressure and work--family conflict, and the moderating role of job...

  6. EDUCAÇÃO PARA A CIDADANIA: O ASPECTO DEMOCRÁTICO DO DIREITO À EDUCAÇÃO/EDUCATION FOR CITIZENSHIP: THE DEMOCRATIC OF RIGHT TO EDUCATION/EDUCACIÓN PARA LA CIUDADANÍA: EL ASPECTO DEMOCRÁTICO DEL DERECHO A LA EDUCACIÓN

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Raíza Alves Rezende; Vladimir Brega Filho

    2015-01-01

    ... of the right to education as a formative environment of the individual to the exercise of citizenship, a task that is followed by the Law of Directives and Bases of National Education (Law No. 9394/1996...

  7. Basic Drafting: Book Two.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Ronald; And Others

    The second of a two-book course in drafting, this manual consists of 12 topics in the following units: sketching techniques, geometric constructions, orthographic views, dimensioning procedures, basic tolerancing, auxiliary views, sectional views, inking tools and techniques, axonometrics, oblique, perspective, and computer-aided drafting.…

  8. Homeschooling and the Redefinition of Citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Bruce Arai

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available Homeschooling has grown considerably in many countries over the past two or three decades. To date, most research has focused either on comparisons between schooled and homeschooled children, or on finding out why parents choose to educate their children at home. There has been little consideration of the importance of homeschooling for the more general issue of citizenship, and whether people can be good citizens without going to school. This paper reviews the research on homeschooling, as well as the major objections to it, and frames these debates within the broader issues of citizenship and citizenship education. The paper shows that homeschoolers are carving out a different but equally valid understanding of citizenship and that policies which encourage a diversity of understandings of good citizenship should form the basis citizenship education both for schools and homeschoolers.

  9. What Does Citizenship Mean? Social Studies Teachers' Understandings of Citizenship in Singapore Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sim, Jasmine B.-Y.

    2008-01-01

    One of the challenges of teaching citizenship is that it can be understood in a variety of quite different ways. Singapore has a centralized education system, where political leaders wield direct influence over citizenship education. Social studies is a major vehicle for citizenship education, with a focus on nation-building. The official…

  10. Global Citizenship Instruction through Active Participation: What Is Being Learned about Global Citizenship?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leduc, Rhonda

    2013-01-01

    If the definitions of global citizenship are varied and contestable, how do teachers conceptualize and make meaning of global citizenship when required to teach global citizenship in the classroom? For this study, twenty-nine grade six social studies teachers in British Columbia, Canada, were surveyed on their definitions of global citizenship…

  11. Citizenship in Young People's Daily Lives: Differences in Citizenship Competences of Adolescents in the Netherlands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geijsel, Femke; Ledoux, Guuske; Reumerman, Rene; ten Dam, Geert

    2012-01-01

    The results of a nationwide study of the citizenship competences of adolescents in the Netherlands are presented from the perspective of democratic citizenship in this article. Citizenship competences are defined as the knowledge, skills, attitudes and reflection needed by young people in a democratic and multicultural society to adequately fulfil…

  12. Citizenship at the Boundaries. Participative Photography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin Alfredo Cubillos Rodríguez

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the practices of participative photography in the construction of child and adolescent citizenship in contexts of exclusion and sociopolitical violence in urban peripheries. On the basis of the community project, Shooting Cameras, in Cazucá, it argues that in contexts of non-citizenship and community breakdown, characterized by the restriction of democratic action and of the constitution of civil societies, it is possible for daily citizenship practices to emerge through photography. In this context, boys, girls, and teenagers become cultural agents who interpellate traditional forms of participation, thus contributing elements for the configuration of a new subject of citizenship.

  13. Montenegro's Minorities in the Tangles of Citizenship, Participation, and Access to Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Dzankic

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the relationship between citizenship, participation, cultural and socio-economic rights of minorities in Montenegro by focusing on the divergence between policies and their implementation. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, it combines insights from law with ones from social and political studies. The paper is divided into three sequential analytical sections. The first section focuses on the definition of minorities in Montenegro, examining the relation between the status of minority and citizenship. The second section relates the previously analyzed concepts of citizenship and minority to representation and participation. It seeks to examine electoral legislation within the framework of 'authentic representation' of minorities, enshrined in the 2007 Constitution of Montenegro. The final section assesses minority access to cultural (group and socio-economic (individual rights. The section brings forward the argument that, despite the existing legal guarantees, many of these rights are too complex to realize in practice, particularly those related to language and education in one's own language.

  14. More or less desirable citizens: Mediated Spaces of identity and cultural citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth Klaus

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Based on the concepts of cultural citizenship and media-constructed spaces of identity the article explores how issues of migration, residency and citizenship are discussed in the Austrian press. The authors are interested in two questions: Which spaces of identity does media create for migrants and locals? And which markers of citizenship are used in migration policies? The analysed articles stem from a national quality paper (Der Standard, a very influential boulevard paper (Kronen Zeitung and one of the major regional newspapers (Salzburger Nachrichten. The analysis focuses on four case studies: Arigona Zogaj and her family were denied permanent residency after having spent many years in Austria. In the only terrorist trial in Austria to date, Mona S. was symbolically excluded from Austrian citizenship. The reporting in these cases is contrasted with those related to two persons in the attention of public interest– the famous opera singer Anna Netrebko and the actor Christoph Waltz –, who were granted citizenship rights on the grounds of exceptional cultural achievements in the interest of the Austrian nation. The media coverage shows that cultural dimensions of citizenship are used as important indicators for determining the entitlement to permanent residency and citizenship. Belonging to a nation is linked to cultural factors such as wearing the right clothes, behaving properly or speaking the language and having attended an Austrian school. Along these lines migrants are divided into two groups of good and bad foreigners, but issues of power and social hierarchies of gender, race and class are involved here as well. While this holds true for all three papers, the Boulevard press is adhering to an extremely personalized style, while the quality paper is linking the specific cases to the debate on migration policies and laws.

  15. Academic citizenship beyond the campus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgård, Rikke Toft; Bengtsen, Søren Smedegaard

    2016-01-01

    -imagine the possibilities of the university to integrate with people and society through dialogue and placeful-ness. Accordingly, supporting academic citizenship entails designing for the placeful university – a university that invites and promotes openness, dialogue, democracy, mutual integration, care and joint......hrough combining theories of space and place with works on institutional being, virtues and modes of becoming, this article develops and promotes academic citizenship as the formation of dwelling, being and becoming on the placeful university beyond the campus. We argue that this is a prerequisite...... for the integration of the university in society and society in the university. We discuss the need for a concept of the placeful university to capture academic belonging in the nexus between university and society. As such, the conceptualisation of the placeful university provides an opportunity to re...

  16. 《刑法修正案(九)(草案)》(二次审议稿)第36条争议问题研究%On the Controversy of Article 36 of the Ninth Criminal Law Amendment ( draft)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柯明

    2015-01-01

    The Ninth Criminal Law Amendment ( draft) reduces the threshold into sin by punishing such behavior which seriously disturbs the order of the court as beating participants and insulting, slandering, threating to the judicial officers or participants in the proceedings. Howevert, through the breach of the order of the court on charges of origin, the modification process of comb, at the same time, in order to safeguard judicial authority and build legal professional community,only such behavior reach the level of seriously dis-turbing the order of the court shall it be the punished as a crime. At the same time, the standards also must be clear in the legislation in "an affront to","malicious slander" and"to the threat of violence". The clause of other disrupt the order of the court should be de-leted.%《刑法修正案(九)》的草案及草案二审稿均对扰乱法庭秩序罪作出了修改,增加了殴打诉讼参与人以及侮辱、诽谤、威胁司法工作人员或者诉讼参与人,不听法庭制止等严重扰乱法庭秩序的情形,降低了入罪门槛. 这是在当前司法公正和司法公信力方面存在问题、审辩冲突激烈背景下,适时作出的调整. 通过对扰乱法庭秩序罪罪名渊源、修改过程的梳理,认为,为了维护司法权威、构建法律职业共同体,聚众哄闹、冲击法庭,殴打司法工作人员、诉讼参与人的行为,仍应达到严重扰乱法庭秩序的程度,方可入罪;应当将侮辱、诽谤、威胁司法工作人员或者诉讼参与人,不听法庭制止,严重扰乱法庭秩序的行为纳入扰乱法庭秩序罪的行为方式中,但同时,也必须在立法中明确"公然侮辱""恶意诽谤"和"以暴力相威胁"的标准;"其他扰乱法庭秩序行为"这一兜底性条款应当删除.

  17. Reframing nationalism, citizenship and gender

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siim, Birte; Stoltz, Pauline

    Abstract: The growth of nationalism and nativist parties and movements has raised political and scholarly debates about the future viability of European welfare states and democracies. These projects are sparkled by reactions to the global war on terror and the economic and financial crises...... pointed towards the growth of exclusive welfare nationalism fueled by global mobility and increased migration. Feminist scholars have started to analyse the articulation of welfare and citizenship in nationalist projects. The theoretical section revisits approaches to gender nationalism arguing...

  18. Career Directions for Drafting CAD Technicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Pam

    2002-01-01

    Provides information careers for drafting/computer-assisted drafting technicians, including salaries, responsibilities, employment outlook, working conditions, skills needed, and career advancement opportunities. Lists professional drafting organizations. (JOW)

  19. Value and Path for Farmers’ Citizenship Cultivation from Agri-ecological Security

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Severe situation faced by China’s agri-ecological security is elaborated.It is believed that cultivation of farmers’ citizenship is the key to solving this problem,because it is favorable to consolidating farmers’ independent and equal ideas,enhancing farmers’ cooperative community idea,cultivating farmers’ concept of rule by law,and strengthening farmers’ fair and just moral concept.It is expected to make farmers fully exercise their civil rights and consciously perform their civil responsibilities.Finally,practical paths for cultivation of farmers’ citizenship are put forward.These include improving market economy to promote equality of subjects,carrying out democratic practice to stimulate public participation,prospering cultural education to make clear public liability,propagating law in villages to carry forward spirit of rule by law,and making definite government responsibility to encourage social supervision.

  20. A Summary of the Forum on the Discussion of Anti-Domestic Violence Law ofPeople’s Republic ofChina (Draft)%《中华人民共和国反家庭暴力法(征求意见稿)》座谈会会议综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王灵

    2015-01-01

    随着《中华人民共和国反家庭暴力法(征求意见稿)》的出台,社会各界掀起了对反家庭暴力法的讨论,山东女子学院妇女/性别研究与培训基地和山东省法学会婚姻法学研究会主办的座谈会便是其中之一。座谈会上,来自全国各地的学者、法官、教授展开了积极的研讨,在反家暴法的立法宗旨、家庭暴力的概念和保护范围、家暴案件的调解、救助措施以及人身安全保护裁定等方面达成了共识。此次座谈会对该法的最终出台将提供有益的立法参考。%With the introduction of Anti-Domestic Violence Law ofPeople’s Republic ofChina (draft),the com-munity set off a discussion of the law.This forum also focuses on this discussion,which is hosted by Gender Studies and Training Center of Shandong Women’s University Women and The Academy of Marriage Law in Shandong Province.Scholars,judges,professors from different positions launched a positive discussion.They reached a consensus about the legislative purpose in Anti -Domestic Violence Law,the concept and scope of domestic violence,the relief and mediation measures of domestic violence cases as well as the ruling of personal safety protection.The discussion of the law will offer the beneficial reference for the introduction of this law.

  1. Teacher, Gender, and the Discourses of Citizenship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnot, Madeleine; Araujo, Helena; Deliyanni-Kouimtzi, Kiki; Rowe, Gabrielle; Tome, Amparo

    1996-01-01

    Reports on a sociological research project that explored how a new generation of teachers in Greece, Spain, Portugal, England, and Wales understood the concept of citizenship and how gender relates to it. The data suggests that specific gender and cultural groups may posses their own notions of citizenship. (MJP)

  2. Contemplating modes of assessing citizenship competences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Daas, R.; ten Dam, G.; Dijkstra, A.B.

    2016-01-01

    Assessment of citizenship competences has become common practice following the statutory assignment of citizenship education to schools in many countries. Assessment can serve various goals. The suitability of various types of instruments depends on the alignment with the goals intended. In this pap

  3. Citizenship Related Activities in World History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poulos, Pete

    1984-01-01

    A world history course is molded around broad instructional goals in which citizenship education can and should be included. Learning activities dealing with ancient Greece illustrate teaching strategies which can be used in high school world history courses to foster citizenship knowledge, skills, and attitudes. (RM)

  4. Citizenship Education in Turkey: Inclusive or Exclusive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ince, Basak

    2012-01-01

    This paper scrutinises citizenship education in Turkey from the foundation of the Turkish Republic (1923) to the present and explores the extent to which it encourages inclusive or exclusive concepts of national identity and citizenship. In Turkey, where there are citizens belonging to ethnic and religious minorities, civic education plays a…

  5. 47 CFR 20.5 - Citizenship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Citizenship. 20.5 Section 20.5 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES COMMERCIAL MOBILE RADIO..., regarding the citizenship of licensees in the commercial mobile radio services. Commercial mobile...

  6. On the Legal Regime of Remanding a Case to the Original Court for a Retrial in the Draft Amendment of Criminal Procedure Law%论刑事诉讼法修正案草案中发回重审制度之建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张元鹏; 李寿荣

    2012-01-01

    刑事诉讼二审中的发回重审制度一直是人们争论不休的课题。新草案对二审中的发回重审仅仅提到了一点,即限制因事实不清证据不足而发回重审的次数。但这种蜻蜓点水式的修改依然不能令人满意,而且存在着理解上的歧义。文章比较分析了草案前后对发回重审的不同规定,并结合草案和现行刑诉法关于二审中发回重审的规定分析了发回重审存在的矛盾,最后借刑诉法修改之际提出了自己关于二审中发回重审的修改意见,希望新法能够对此进行明确合理地规定,让正义能够以看得见的方式实现。%The legal regime of remanding a case to the original court for a retrial in the second instance of criminal proceedings has been a vexed subject. Although there is a minor change in the draft amendment of criminal procedure law, i.e. to limit the times of remanding a case to the original court for a retrial because of unclear facts and insufficient evidences in the original judgment, this superficial revision is still not satisfactory and ambiguous. This paper compares the different provisions of remanding a case to the original court for a retrial in different draft amendments, analyzes the conflict of the provision of remanding a case to the original court for a retrial between the existing criminal procedure law and the draft amendment, and finally puts forward the author's revised opinion and hopes that the new criminal procedure law can give a clear and reasonable provision so that justice can achieve in a visible manner.

  7. More than Volunteering: Active Citizenship through Youth Volunteering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Learning and Skills Network (NJ1), 2007

    2007-01-01

    This pack aims to provide materials to help all those involved in youth volunteering and post-16 citizenship education to ensure that there are some citizenship learning outcomes from these valuable experiences. The pack has been produced by the Post-16 Citizenship Support Programme to help the integration of citizenship education into post-16…

  8. Citizenship and migration in Arab Gulf monarchies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sater, J.

    2014-01-01

    In many industrialized countries, the issue of migration has traditionally raised the question of whether migrant groups fully enjoy citizenship rights. Political debates about models of migration emphasize either the values of cultural diversity or the value of integration into 'host' societies...... to migrants, but also with regard to local populations. In addition to the contested nature of citizenship, migrants' lack of citizenship rights fulfils distinctive functions in what Saskia Sassen calls 'global cities'. This concept links the Arab world with a new phenomenon of globalized migration in which...... the lack of both integration and citizenship is a defining principle. Using these two perspectives, this article examines the relationship between citizenship rights and migration in the Gulf region, drawing on data from the UAE along with Bahrain, Kuwait, and Qatar....

  9. ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR, PREDICTOR OF JOB PERFORMANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanca Giorgiana GRAMA

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This article outlines the Romanian and foreign studies carried on concerning the subject of Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB. The help given to a colleague when necessary he/she needs it, giving up to a better job offer made by competing firms, continous training, all of these define the organizational citizenship behavior and support a proper organizational functioning. Nowadays the concept of „organizational citizenship behavior ” known also as „devoted soldier syndrome” is an unfamiliar term for many managers. As far as managers are concerned they consider that organizational citizenship behavior is almost impossible to be applied in Romanian organizations. This article prezents a detailed study about Organizational Citizenship Behavior expressed by employee in health and how much of this behavior may be predicted by the age and gender of the employees from medical organizations.

  10. 76 FR 72001 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Susquehanna to Roseland 500-kilovolt Transmission Line

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-21

    ... Court, Dingmans Ferry, PA 18328. Sussex County Library, 125 Morris Turnpike, Newton, NJ 07860. Warren... National Park Service laws, regulations, and policies, and the purpose of these three parks. The draft...

  11. 而今迈步从头越——《安全生产法》征求意见稿学习体会和修改建议%Now moving more from scratch——Learning experience and proposed changes about the exposure draft of Law of the People' s Republic of China on work safety

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘铁民

    2012-01-01

    首先分析了我国《安全生产法》的发展沿革,且认真学习了目前发布的《安全生产法》征求意见稿,归纳了征求意见稿还应实现四个重点突破:必须体现以人为本的执政理念;职业危害防治应列为《安全生产法》的重要条款之一;安全生产执法监察应与公共安全及行政管理分离;应对工伤保险预防机制作出明确要求.此外,建议通过《安全生产法》的进一步修订实现我国安全生产的制度化建设:建议逐步建立安全生产分级监察管理体制;推进风险管理制度,对企业实行风险分级与分级监管;逐步提出建立安全生产监察员专业化制度;建立与国际接轨的生产安全事故统计报告系统;强化城市建设土地使用规划的风险管理和安全许可;生产安全事故应急管理应强化应急准备工作;建立独立生产安全事故调查机构和公开公正调查程序;应在《安全生产法》中明确“安全生产委员会”的组织形式和功能;生产安全事故责任追究应与激励政策相结合.%First this paper analyzes the history and development of law of the People' s Republic of China on work safety (the exposure draft) , and seriously studies the current exposure draft of Work Safety Law. We summarize the exposure draft should also achieve the four key breakthroughs.- it must reflect the people-centered concept of governance; prevention and treatment of occupational hazards should be classified as one of the important provisions of Work Safety Law; the law enforcement and supervision of Work Safety Law should be separate with public safety and administrative management; it should make clear requirements to the industrial injury insurance preventive mechanism. In addition, it is recommended that further revision of Work Safety Law should be put forward to improve the institutionalization construction of work safety: it is recommended that the hierarchical supervision and management

  12. Italian citizenship and the descendants of Italian citizens emigrated in Colombia. Removing a social injustice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimiliano Castellari

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Law is often the source of social discriminations, but, at the same time, it can be thekey to delete these social discriminations. The authors try to give an example of thisphenomenon, by analyzing the impact of the Italian citizenship’s rules over the descendantsof the Italian citizens emigrated abroad and, especially, in South America.Indeed, according to the former Italian law, only fathers could transmit iure sanguinisthe citizenship to their children: moreover, women automatically lost theItalian citizenship if they get a foreign citizenship by concluding a marriage witha foreign husband.These rules hardly discriminate the Italian women emigrated abroad and, especially,their descendants who were prevented to get the Italian’s citizenship.These discriminatory rules were finally deleted by the Italian Constitutional Courtin the Seventies and in the Eighties: however, the effects of those rules still persisted,since the decision of the Constitutional Court could not overcome the temporal limit of the entry into force of the Constitution (01.01.1948 and, therefore, could not“cover” the discriminatory facts occurred before that date.Finally in 2009, the Italian Supreme Court, by extending the effects ratione temporisof the decisions of the Constitutional Court, “reopened the doors” of the Italiancitizenship to a huge number of Italian citizenship born from Italian women beforethe 01.01.1948.Therefore, the authors focus on the social impact of this decision for all the potentialItalian citizens living in South America and try to assess its juridical effects overthe Italian law.

  13. Drafting: Current Trends and Future Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, C.

    1976-01-01

    Various research findings are reported on drafting trends which the author feels should be incorporated into teaching drafting: (1) true position and geometric tolerancing, (2) decimal and metric dimensioning, (3) functional drafting, (4) automated drafting, and (5) drawing reproductions. (BP)

  14. A report on proposals of open-to-discussion dispositions relating to the draft of law on Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply; Rapport concernant un texte sur les dispositions restant en discussion du projet de loi relatif a la modernisation et au developpement du service public de l'electricite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bataille, Christian [ed.] [Assemblee Nationale, Paris (France); Revol, Henri [ed.] [Senat, Paris (France)

    1999-11-23

    The report presents, on behalf of the Joint Mediation Commission, the open-to-discussion dispositions relating to the draft of law on Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply. Several problems related to general access to the electricity power, the EDF policy, the implementation of the European Union Directive concerning the electricity market, the relations between the energy policy adopted by National Assemble and Senate, the Super-Phenix shutdown controversy are reviewed. Also, relating to the European energy market, issues concerning the relation with partners from Germany, Spain and Italy are mentioned. By taking into account the different positions exposed by the members of the Commission, Mr Andre Lajoinie, the president, has made some concluding remarks about the lack of success in the work of the Joint Mediation Commission.

  15. 虐童行为刑法规制研究--兼论《刑法修正案(九)(草案)》虐待罪的修改%The Legal Regulation of The Child Abuse Behavior---On The Modification of the Crime of Abuse in the Criminal Law Amendment(nine)Draft

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯文琴

    2015-01-01

    家长虐待小孩、老师虐待学生现象的层出不穷不得不引起我们的重视。虐待不仅对儿童身体造成巨大伤害,精神上更是留下难以抹去的阴影,儿童权益的保护迫在眉睫。该文分析我国法律对儿童保护的现状及存在的一些问题,并对刑法修正案(九)草案中虐待罪修改进行辩证分析,为完善刑法对儿童的保护提出几点建议。%Parents and teachers of child abuse is common.This kind of phenomenon must draw our attention .Abuse not only poses a great harm to children's physical and is more difficult to erase the shadow in the mental.Protecting children's rights is imminent .This paper analyses the current situation of our country law on child protection and the existing problems ,and makes a dialectical analysis about the abuse crime in the criminal law amendment (9)draft to improve the criminal law on the protection of children to make a few suggestions.

  16. Report on the draft of the law No. 1253 concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply. Volume III. Appendices and Table of abbreviations; Rapport sur le projet de loi (no. 1253) relatif a la modernisation et au developpement du service public de l'electricite. Tome III. Annexes et Table des sigles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bataille, Christian [Assemblee Nationale, Paris (France)

    1999-02-11

    The third volume of the Report on behalf of the Production and Exchange Commission on the draft of the law No. 1253 concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply contains Appendices. The appendix number 1 presents the directive 96/92 CE of the European Parliament and Council of 19 December 1996, concerning common rules referring to the electricity internal market. It contains the chapters titled: 1. Field of application and definitions; 2. General rules for sector organization; 3. Production; 4. Exploitation of the transport grid; 5. Exploitation of the distribution grid; 6. Accounting dissociation and transparency; 7. Organization of the grid access; 8. Final dispositions. The appendix number 2 gives the law no. 46 - 628 of 8 April, modified, on the nationalization of the electricity and gas. The third appendix reproduces Decree no. 55 - 662 of 20 May 1955 concerning relationships between the establishments aimed by the articles 2 and 23 of the law of 8 April 1946 and the autonomous producers of electric energy. The appendix number 4 contains the notification of State Council of 7 July 1994 regarding the diversification of EDF and GDF activities. The fifth appendix is a chronological list of the European negotiations concerning the opening of the electricity market (1987 -1997). Finally, a list of following abbreviations is given: ART, ATR, CNES, CRE, CTE, DNN, FACE, FPE, GRT, IEG, INB, PPI, RAG and SICAE.

  17. Reframing Nationalism, Citizenship and Gender

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siim, Birte; Stoltz, Pauline

    2017-01-01

    Abstract: The growth of nationalism and nativist parties and movements has raised political and scholarly debates about the future viability of European welfare states and democracies. These projects are sparkled by reactions to the global war on terror and the economic and financial crises...... have pointed towards the growth of exclusive welfare nationalism fueled by global mobility and increased migration. Feminist scholars have started to analyse the articulation of welfare and citizenship in nationalist projects. The theoretical section revisits approaches to gender nationalism arguing...

  18. Computer Assisted Drafting (CNC) Drawings. Drafting Module 6. Instructor's Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

    This Missouri Vocational Instruction Management System instructor's drafting guide has been keyed to the drafting competency profile developed by state industry and education professionals. This unit contains information on computer-assisted drafting drawings. The guide contains a cross-reference table of instructional materials and 20 worksheets.…

  19. Computer Assisted Drafting (CNC) Drawings. Drafting Module 6. Instructor's Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

    This Missouri Vocational Instruction Management System instructor's drafting guide has been keyed to the drafting competency profile developed by state industry and education professionals. This unit contains information on computer-assisted drafting drawings. The guide contains a cross-reference table of instructional materials and 20 worksheets.…

  20. The moral and the political in global citizenship: appreciating differences in education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veugelers, W.

    2011-01-01

    Schools are expected to pay attention to citizenship education, including for the global world. The concept global citizenship can get different meanings. In our theoretical orientation, we distinguish between three forms of modern global citizenship: Open global citizenship; Moral global

  1. Online Law Dictionaries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Sandro

    2012-01-01

    Online dictionaries that assist users in writing legal texts in English as a foreign language are important lexicographic tools. They can help law students bridge the factual and linguistic gaps between the two legal universes involved. However, existing online law dictionaries with English...... as the target language primarily focus on terms, but students also need to write the remainder of the texts in factually and linguistically correct English. It is therefore important to have a sound theoretical foundation before embarking on a dictionary project that aims to help law students communicate...... by containing the types of data that can best satisfy the needs of students at the three stages of legal text production: draft writing, revising and editing. The theoretical aspects discussed are supported by examples from the online CISG Dictionary, which is a lexicographic tool developed to help Danish law...

  2. Online Law Dictionaries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Sandro

    2012-01-01

    Online dictionaries that assist users in writing legal texts in English as a foreign language are important lexicographic tools. They can help law students bridge the factual and linguistic gaps between the two legal universes involved. However, existing online law dictionaries with English...... as the target language primarily focus on terms, but students also need to write the remainder of the texts in factually and linguistically correct English. It is therefore important to have a sound theoretical foundation before embarking on a dictionary project that aims to help law students communicate...... by containing the types of data that can best satisfy the needs of students at the three stages of legal text production: draft writing, revising and editing. The theoretical aspects discussed are supported by examples from the online CISG Dictionary, which is a lexicographic tool developed to help Danish law...

  3. Citizenship displayed by disabled people

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliana Prado Carlino

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available By investigating the processes by which successful teachers become activate citizens and by listening to the diversity and richness of their life and formation stories, this work became possible. Its aim is to display some of the utterances of two Down Syndrome individuals and their active-citizenship activities. Their stories were told in the reports of two teachers when describing their personal and professional history, and were considered to be an integral part of it. Thus, some of the utterances and perceptions with which these two individuals elaborate their references, their worldview and their active-citizenship activity are evidenced in this paper. This article is based on the language conceptions of Vygotsky and Bakhtin who defend the idea that the group and the social mentality are ingrain in the individual. Hence, the history of one person reveals that of many others, since there is a deep link between the individual and the social in the formation of a subjective worldview. As a result, it can be easily seen that the utterances expressed by the participants in this research cannot be considered strictly individual because enunciation is social in nature. Despite the fact that the utterances are those of individuals, they manifest a collective reality. This demonstrates the real advantages and possibilities that deficient people get from their participation and intervention in society.

  4. Daily practices, consumption and citizenship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzarino, Jane M; Morigi, Valdir J; Kaufmann, Cristine; Farias, Alessandra M B; Fernandes, Diefersom A

    2011-12-01

    This paper promotes a reflection on the relationship between daily practices and consumption. Understanding how conflicts, resistance and consensus are generated from daily consumption practices opens up possibilities for reflecting on the construction of sustainability in the context of diversity, one of the landmarks of the globalized world. Within this socio-cultural context, the central issue is: can consumption generate citizenship practices? The concepts of subject and agent help one think about collective action and subjectivation processes and their interferences on the collective consuming behavior. Based on empirical data from a research carried out in the municipality of Estrela in 2007, in the Taquari Valley - Rio Grande do Sul (Southern Brazil) on local reality consumption practices, it was possible to conclude that various reasoning mechanisms and values underlie the daily consumption practices. Citizenship construction, based on consumption practices, depends on the subject's reflection capacity on his/her daily practices or on what goes through the circulation of environmental information based on sociability spaces.

  5. Transnational citizenship: Latin Americans in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Padilla

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This article is a reflection upon the exercising of transnational citizenship as a consequence of international migration, applied to Latin Americans resident in Portugal. In order to do this we have adopted the concept of transnational citizenship, as its malleability allows us to consider the whole concept of countries of origin and destination and the influence of bilateral and international relations. We ask how transnational citizenship is exercised in the European Union, Ibero-American and, particularly, Portuguese spaces, and whether it is affected by the economic crisis in Europe and, in particular, Portugal, by analysing the cases of Argentines, Brazilians and Uruguayans living in Portugal.

  6. Energy Law to Highlight Corporate Reserves

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The proposed Energy Law is expected to focus on fuel security by regulating commercial oil reserves at the corporate level, according to the reports extensively released by news media. As known to all, the law is being drafted as the country's energy demand, and dependency on imports, is increasing.

  7. Chronicle 1999, Administrative law/ Droit administratif

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bok, A.J.

    2000-01-01

    In 1994, in the Netherlands a number of important rules of administrative law have been codified in the General Administrative Law Act. This contribution discusses the draft of the so called Fourth Part of the General Act which appeared in 1999 and contains additional provisions on: publicity of adm

  8. Ambiguities of Citizenship. Reframing the Notion of Citizen-ship Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimiliano Tarozzi

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Complex transformations world-wide encompassed by  the definition of ‘globalisation’ push us to re-think the concept of citizenship and its traditional definitions. The article aims to theoretically analyse the rich debate about citizenship from a socio-political point of view and tries to investigate the educational dimension related tod different concepts of citizenship. After having introduced three models for citizenship education (republican, liberal, and moral and having explored their shortcomings, the authors shall propose a possible overtaking that is rooted on another way to understand the relationship among education and politics.

  9. 78 FR 20690 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement, Draft Habitat Conservation Plan, Draft Programmatic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-05

    ... (MW). The 301.3-MW Fowler Phase I was constructed in 2008 and consists of 40 Clipper Liberty wind... addressed in the draft HCP or draft EIS; 3. Any new information on white-nose syndrome effects on...

  10. Handbook of political citizenship and social movements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Heijden, H.A.

    2014-01-01

    This Handbook uniquely collates the results of several decades of academic research in these two important fields. The expert contributions successively address the different forms of political citizenship and current approaches and recent developments in social movement studies. Salient social

  11. A citizenship dimension to physics education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Peter

    2002-05-01

    The introduction of citizenship as a National Curriculum subject in English schools offers new opportunities for the effective teaching of science. This article also looks at some challenges for busy physics teachers and the resources available to support them.

  12. Supporting the Growth of Global Citizenship Educators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa Faden

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a study, which was a part of a broader project to develop and pilot test a global citizenship education (GCE teaching kit. This study involved examining a group of typical teachers’ perceptions, attitudes and beliefs about becoming global citizen educators. The study posed the question, “Can providing teachers with global citizenship education resources and supporting them in the implementation of these resources improve their capacity to be effective global educators?” We can infer from our study that there is mainstream appeal amongst social studies teachers for GCE. However, there are a number of limitations and barriers that prevent even those committed to global citizenship education from implementing GCE in their classrooms. Therefore, we argue that it is critically important to provide teachers with sustainable supports such as curriculum aligned teaching materials and professional development opportunities to become global citizenship educators.

  13. Re-claiming citizenship through the arts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dupuis, Sherry L; Kontos, Pia; Mitchell, Gail; Jonas-Simpson, Christine; Gray, Julia

    2016-05-01

    Healthcare literature, public discourse, and policy documents continue to represent persons with dementia as "doomed" and "socially dead." This tragedy meta-narrative produces and reproduces misunderstandings about dementia and causes stigma, oppression, and discrimination for persons living with dementia. With few opportunities to challenge the dominant discourse, persons with dementia continue to be denied their citizenship rights. Drawing on the concept of narrative citizenship, we describe a community-based, critical arts-based project where persons with dementia, family members, visual and performance artists, and researchers came together to interrogate the tragedy discourse and construct an alternative narrative of dementia using the arts. Our research demonstrates the power of the arts to create transformative spaces in which to challenge dominant assumptions, foster critical reflection, and envision new possibilities for mutual support, caring, and relating. This alternative narrative supports the reclamation of citizenship for persons living with dementia and fosters the relational citizenship of all.

  14. Citizenship program in near communities of pipelines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mascarenhas, Carina R.; Vilas Boas, Ianne P. [TELSAN Engenharia, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Bourscheid, Pitagoras [PETROBRAS S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2009-12-19

    During the construction of a pipeline, the IENE - Engineering Unit of PETROBRAS, responsible for the construction and erection of pipelines and related plants in northeastern Brazil, crossed more than 7 states and 250 counties, had implemented a social responsibility program, in special a citizenship program. This action was the result of community studies located near of the pipelines AID - Direct Influence Area (438 yards right and left of the pipeline) and through the evidence that those locations were poor and have no personal documents and citizen position in society. This paper intents to share the experience of IENE about its citizen program that worked in three big lines: community mobilization; citizenship qualification; and citizenship board. This last one, turns possible to people obtains theirs personal documents and exercise the plenitude of citizenship. (author)

  15. Gender Equality, Citizenship and Human Rights

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This comparative volume examines the ways in which current controversies and political, legal, and social struggles for gender equality raise conceptual questions and challenge our thinking on political theories of equality, citizenship and human rights. Bringing together scholars and activists who...... reflect upon challenges to gender equality, citizenship, and human rights in their respective societies; it combines theoretical insights with empirically grounded studies. The volume contextualises feminist political theory in China and the Nordic countries and subsequently puts it into a global...

  16. Museums as Spaces for Cultural Citizenship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sattrup, Lise; Lejsgaard Christensen, Julie

    2013-01-01

    Ten museums and cultural institutions in Denmark examine their role as spaces for cultural citizenship. Based on one exhibition case at Thorvaldsen Museum, the paper will discuss how the theoretical framework of the project challenges the museums.......Ten museums and cultural institutions in Denmark examine their role as spaces for cultural citizenship. Based on one exhibition case at Thorvaldsen Museum, the paper will discuss how the theoretical framework of the project challenges the museums....

  17. Active citizenship for urban green infrastructure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buijs, Arjen E.; Mattijssen, Thomas JM; Van der Jagt, Alexander PN

    2017-01-01

    Active citizens may contribute to the environmental, social, and institutional resilience of cities. This review discusses how citizen initiatives protect biodiversity hotspots, contribute to social cohesion, institutional innovation, and diversity in urban green space management. Challenges...... potential of active citizenship. This paper argues for mosaic governance to work with the heterogeneous array of people, institutions, and spatial practices associated with active citizenship. Mosaic governance aims for a context-sensitive way of urban green infrastructure planning, enhancing relationships...

  18. Citizenship education and its relevance to Zimbabwe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Sibanda

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Informal education systems in the traditional African systems were aimed at, among other things, passing on cultural values, norms and knowledge skills from one generation to the next.  In addition, the youth were taught to preserve their cultural identity. Owing to fundamental shifts in classical family systems and educational practices in Africa, countries such as Zimbabwe have come to recognise the need for including societal values and norms, ethics, morals and responsibilities in thewhole school curricula in order to inculcate value systems and maintain the national legacy and cultural heritage. One strategy for achieving the desired cultural ethos is implementing a deliberate Citizenship Education programme which should be incorporated into the formal education system. Citizenship Education could also be inculcated through extra curricula activities such as sport.Besides the transmission of the cultural norms and values, Citizenship Education should incorporate humanitarian issues such as inclusion of people with disabilities in social processes. In the same vein, the Citizenship Education programme should be flexible to cater for the needs of learners with special needs. This paper explores the relevance of Citizenship Education to the prevailing Zimbabwean situation. In the long term, Citizenship Education has the capacity to improve the socio-political and economic advancement of a country.  The paper concludes that Citizenship Education is relevant to the Zimbabwean situation, despite that it has been heavily politicised and has, in some cases, lost its original intention. In the long term, the programme has a propensity to improve the socio-political and economic conditions of the country. De-politicisation of Citizenship Education could be the first step towards re-aligning it to the intended national ethos and ideals. This should be policy driven.The programme should endeavour to inculcate values and norms that facilitate nation

  19. Saúde mental, direitos, cidadania: o escritório de advocacia como agência para inclusão social Salud mental, derechos, ciudadanía: la oficina de abogacía como agencia para la inclusión social Mental health, rights and citizenship: the law office as an agent for social inclusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taia Duarte Mota

    2008-06-01

    entrevistas con cuatro usuarios, los cuales evaluaron el servicio, comprendiendo que él facilita la inserción en el mundo de los derechos y, por tanto, puede ser considerado como una importante tecnología en salud mental.The Psychiatric Reform discusses issues related to the inclusion of individuals that suffer from mental disorders, having as its main project the construction of citizenship through the reconstruction of their rights and recognizing that mentally ill individuals are in a condition of exclusion because of their very condition, the work and the social fragility. The Centro de Atenção Psicossocial Prof. Luiz da Rocha Cerqueira intends to interfere in the exclusion condition of mentally ill individuals through a number of projects, among them its Law Office, a social service agent that, by promoting alliances, offers to its users the possibility to reach higher and higher levels of management of their lives. The purpose of this study was to characterize the users of the Law Office and verify the importance of such intervention to them. Four users were interviewed and were asked to evaluate the service. They showed understanding of the fact that the service makes their insertion into the world of rights easier and therefore may be considered an important technology in mental health.

  20. Being thought from beyond our borders: Towards ethical global citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johann-Albrecht Meylahn

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available This article is a response to the challenge of global citizenship in an age of global crisis. Citizenship has to do with where one feels �at home�, namely the space that gifts identity and life. What kind of narrative is necessary to transform global space into a home from where we can go beyond our borders to embrace the other in multidisciplinary research or interfaith praxis? The different models for multidisciplinary research are made possible by the idea that research seeks that which is beyond its borders. This search could be a common space where the different traditions can accommodate one another, but it is not a home. The dominant discourse of this common space is to seek commonality and identities across borders while being aware of but ignoring differences � identity at the expense of differences. A home founded on identity at the expense of difference will always exclude. Theology can either be interpreted as thinking beyond the borders toward the Divine, or the Divine thinking us. The Exodus, the Incarnation and the Cross are all narratives of the Other crossing borders, liberating from boundaries, deconstructing the laws and norms that exclude. The religious traditions of these sacred narratives have something to offer, namely: to be thought by the Other, to receive life and (alien identity from the Other, the gift of a home which is continuously deconstructed by the home still to come, therefore always open for the Other.

  1. [Promoting citizenship through nursing care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Backes, Dirce Stein; Backes, Marli Stein; Erdmann, Alacoque Lorenzini

    2009-01-01

    This study is the result of the project: networks care and social entrepreneurship: the autonomy and social commitment of nurses. The purpose of this qualitative study is to comprehend the meaning of nursing care as a social enterprising practice. The Grounded Theory was used as a methodological reference and the interview, conducted with 35 participants as technique of data collection. Data codification led to the central theme: Viewing Nursing Care as a Social Enterprising Practice. This theme is complemented by the category, characterized the cause condition: the social integration through the creation a political identity that expresses your involvement. The results showed that is necessary to learn and have a deep dialogic knowledge. In order to consolidate popular participation as a citizenship ideal, a critical professional attitude, base don the combination of care with liberty, participation end autonomy.

  2. Religion as Cuckoo or Crucible: Beliefs and Believing as Vital for Citizenship and Citizenship Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gates, Brian E.

    2006-01-01

    The importance of motivational beliefs and, more specifically, religion, is identified as central for both citizenship and citizenship education. Whether they take an expressly religious form, or appear in a purportedly more open form, such as faith or world view, beliefs are at the core of human being. The tendency to speak more of shared values…

  3. The Social Psychology of Citizenship: Engagement With Citizenship Studies and Future Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clifford Stevenson

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article we review the argument outlined in the opening article in this special thematic section: that the current social psychology of citizenship can be understood as the development of longstanding conceptualisations of the concept within the discipline. These conceptualisations have contributed to the current social psychological study of the constructive, active and collective (but often exclusive understandings of citizenship in people’s everyday lives, as evidenced by contributions to this thematic section. We consider how this emerging body of work might fit with current citizenship studies and in particular how it may contribute to the current trend towards conceiving citizenship as an active practice embedded in everyday social life. Specifically, we highlight three areas of future research that we think are particularly promising: citizenship and recognition; displays and enactments of citizenship in public space; citizenship and lived coexistence. Although this is far from an exhaustive list of possibilities, we propose that research in these areas could enable the way for social psychology to articulate a distinct, recognisable and valuable contribution to citizenship studies.

  4. Civics and Citizenship Education in Its Global Context: The Complexity of Global Citizenship Dialogues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Reynolds

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Despite much rhetoric around the notion of a global citizenship, the overriding focus of civics education, from the viewpoint of examining the international educational curriculum, seems to be on national identity and establishing national boundaries for citizenship education. [...

  5. Global Citizenship and Marginalisation: Contributions towards a Political Economy of Global Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balarin, Maria

    2011-01-01

    The development of a global form of citizenship stands in a rather tense relation with the realities of vast numbers of marginalised citizens across the globe, to the extent that marginality appears to be the hidden other of global citizenship. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the development of a political economy of global citizenship…

  6. A Case for Cautious Optimism? Active Citizenship and the Australian Civics and Citizenship Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Andrew; Bentley, Brendan

    2017-01-01

    In late 2013 a new curriculum for Civics and Citizenship education was published by the Australian Curriculum and Assessment Reporting Authority for use in Australian schools. In line with previous curricular initiatives concerning education for citizenship in Australia a key rationale behind the new subject is the education of "active…

  7. 77 FR 50758 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-22

    ... UNIDROIT's draft Principles Regarding the Enforceability of Close-out Netting. Close-out netting is a... organized by UNIDROIT (the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law) produced a draft set... draft principles and background documents are available on the UNIDROIT Web site (...

  8. Citizenship orientations and knowledge in primary and secondary education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geboers, E.; Geijsel, F.; Admiraal, W.; ten Dam, G.

    2015-01-01

    Despite widespread attention to citizenship in educational practice, knowledge of the citizenship of students is still fragmented. We therefore present a comprehensive framework to integrate empirical data and theoretical insights into the citizenship of young people today. To develop and validate t

  9. Critical Citizenship Education in England and France: A Comparative Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Laura; Morris, Paul

    2012-01-01

    The promotion of "critical citizenship" has become a key objective of official school curricula around the world. Using an analytic framework developed by the authors, this paper identifies the diverse conceptions of critical citizenship that are promoted, by comparing the official school curricula for citizenship in England and France.…

  10. Review Commentary: Towards a Deeper Understanding of 'European Citizenship'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Pfister

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available This short revireview commentary discusses three recent contributions on citizenship and European integration: Kostakopoulou, D. (2008. The Future Governance of Citizenship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Maas, W. (2007. Creating European Citizens. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. Shaw, J. (2007. The Transformation of Citizenship in the European Union: Electoral Rights and the Restructuring of Political Space. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  11. Global Citizenship Education in School Curricula. A Polish Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leek, Joanna

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to present global citizenship education from a Polish perspective. Analyzing the issue, the first part of this paper presents the development of citizenship education, followed by the current status of global citizenship education in Polish schools. In the second part of the study I draw attention to national curricula…

  12. Citizenship Education in Ecuador: Perceptions of Students and Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chavez, Andres Alberto

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to review literature about citizenship education in order to develop a framework for transformative citizenship education and compare that framework to the intended and implemented citizenship education curriculum in Ecuador. This study presents qualitative research carried out in eight schools in four provinces of…

  13. Adventures in Law and History. Volume I: Native Americans, the Spanish Frontier, and the Gold Rush. A Law and Civic Education Curriculum for Upper Elementary Grades with Units on Rules and Laws, Property, and Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croddy, Marshall; Degelman, Charles; Doggett, Keri; Hayes, Bill

    This is volume one of a two-volume civics curriculum on law and effective citizenship for upper-elementary students. The lessons, set in American historical eras, engage students in cooperative-learning activities, role plays, simulations, readers theater, stories, and guided discussions, which introduce and reinforce law-related and civic…

  14. 网络犯罪罪名体系的扩张思路与犯罪化根据--以《刑法修正案(九)》的罪名修正为视角%Legislation and Development Basement of Cybercrime Offenses System:On Charges of “Criminal Law Amendment Draft (9)”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于冲

    2015-01-01

    伴随网络犯罪的逐渐高发,网络犯罪的罪名体系不断扩张,对于制裁不断异化的网络犯罪发挥了重要作用。但是,由于网络犯罪的急速变异,刑法对于网络犯罪的制裁与评价却相对滞后,罪情与法情的现实尴尬不断呼唤刑法新罪名的制定。《刑法修正案(九)》在以往立法经验的基础上,从制裁以信息网络为对象的犯罪,转而同时制裁以网络为工具和以网络为平台的犯罪,尤其关于网络犯罪治理的空间思维不断增强。面对网络犯罪罪名体系的扩张,网络越轨行为的犯罪化根据迫切成为当前亟需思考的问题。%With the increasingly high incidence of cybercrime,the cybercrime offenses system continues to expand,which plays an important role in the cybercrime offenses.But,due to the rapid variation of cybercrime,the criminal law has lagged behind the sanction and the evaluation of the cybercrime.Crime and Law awkward feeling of reality constantly calls for criminal law to develop new charges.On the basis of past legislative experience “Criminal law amendment draft (9)”,from sanctions to information network as the object of crime,the law turns to sanctions to the network as a tool for the network and a network for the crime of the platform at the same time;especially the spatial thinking of cybercrime management is increasing.Faced with the expansion of cybercrime offenses System,the crime of network deviant behav-ior is urgently needed to be considered.

  15. The values underlying the Draft Common Frame of Reference: what role for fairness and 'social justice'?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, M.W.

    2008-01-01

    This study provides an in-depth analysis of the provisions of the draft Common Frame of Reference (DCFR), in order to assess if the DCFR perceives contract law only as a tool for regulating private law relations between equally strong parties or if it contains elements of 'social justice' in favour

  16. The values underlying the Draft Common Frame of Reference: what role for fairness and 'social justice'?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, M.W.

    2008-01-01

    This study provides an in-depth analysis of the provisions of the draft Common Frame of Reference (DCFR), in order to assess if the DCFR perceives contract law only as a tool for regulating private law relations between equally strong parties or if it contains elements of 'social justice' in favour

  17. Daily practices, consumption and citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane M. Mazzarino

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper promotes a reflection on the relationship between daily practices and consumption. Understanding how conflicts, resistance and consensus are generated from daily consumption practices opens up possibilities for reflecting on the construction of sustainability in the context of diversity, one of the landmarks of the globalized world. Within this socio-cultural context, the central issue is: can consumption generate citizenship practices? The concepts of subject and agent help one think about collective action and subjectivation processes and their interferences on the collective consuming behavior. Based on empirical data from a research carried out in the municipality of Estrela in 2007, in the Taquari Valley - Rio Grande do Sul (Southern Brazil on local reality consumption practices, it was possible to conclude that various reasoning mechanisms and values underlie the daily consumption practices. Citizenship construction, based on consumption practices, depends on the subject's reflection capacity on his/her daily practices or on what goes through the circulation of environmental information based on sociability spaces.O artigo reflete sobre as relações entre as práticas cotidianas e o consumo. Compreender como se geram os conflitos, as resistências e os consensos a partir das práticas de consumo no cotidiano abre possibilidades para refletir sobre a construção da sustentabilidade no contexto de diversidade, uma das marcas do mundo globalizado. Neste contexto sociocultural, a questão central que surge é: o consumo pode gerar práticas de cidadania? As noções de sujeito e de agente ajudam a pensar a ação coletiva e os processos de subjetivação e suas interferências no comportamento coletivo de consumir. A partir de dados empíricos da pesquisa realizada em 2007 no município de Estrela, na região do Vale do Taquari - RS (Sul do Brasil, sobre práticas de consumo de uma realidade local, foi possível concluir que

  18. Learning Management Guidelines for Social Studies towards Thai Citizenship, ASEAN Citizenship, World Citizenship for the 21st Century Learners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wipada Phinla

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The Contempolary global society is witnessing on extensive competition and cooperation among countries that leads to regional integration to strengthen their common political, social, economic and cultural aspirations. Thailand, a country in Southeast Asia region, has joined other 9 members of ASEAN for the establishment of the ASEAN Community in 2015 The aim of the establishment is For enhancing liberalization of trades among the country members, the arrangements are reflected in the efforts to cope with the change through the civil education system. Education is recognized as a key mechanism in the development of a perfect human being physically, emotionally, socially and intellectually. Therefore, to prepare for learners in the 21st century to become Thai Citizenship, ASEAN Citizenship, World Citizenship, it is important for teachers to develop learners inorder to meet the social aspirations and lead a happy and peaceful life in the society.

  19. Science popularization and European citizenship in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacek Piotr Szubiakowski

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The idea to link European citizenship and science education is surely new and uncommon in Poland, but we think, as SEDEC project, that can enrich both the panorama of science popularization outside and inside school system. I checked carefully curricula for every stage of school education looking for the topics concerning the developing of the European citizenship. I found that they are usually connected to the history, geography and some activities developing of the knowledge about generally defined citizenship. The spare topics connected directly to the science are present especially in grammar school curriculum. They may be divided into three groups: exploiting the common heritage, common object of interest and scientific community respectively. In that paper I would like to show how the activities in each of the group may influence the EU citizenship developing process. I am going to emphasize the good choice of science as a context or a medium for EU citizenship education. It may be an important point especially in Central Europe. Additionally I would like to present some auxiliary events that are enable through the external educational resources such as museum and planetarium.

  20. Country Report: Citizenship Education: Lithuanian Mapping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena Zaleskene

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Some theoretical concepts of globalisation and citizenship are discussed in the article as well as changing role of citizenship education in transforming Lithuanian Society. The author points out that many problems in contemporary Lithuanian society arise from the fact that the relationship between individuals and the state is changing fundamentally. The state should broaden “positive” choices and support an individual by ensuring principles of equality in basic human rights and access to opportunities. On the other hand, an individual has to take the responsibility for his/her own life becoming a decisive factor in choosing personal life style and in building up civic community. In this respect, it is expected that Citizenship Education would lay an important role in educating competence and attitudes towards own responsibilities, in educating mental and practical skills for positive civic participation. Current status and new approaches of citizenship education in Lithuania are presented in the light of international developments. The article concludes that changing role of citizenship education has significant implications for professional development of teachers and for the national teacher training system as a whole.

  1. Managers and Organizational Citizenship Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Man Mihaela

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In this research on the one hand we analyzed the relationship that exists in terms of motivational persistence and the Big Five dimensions and, on the other hand, organizational citizenship behavior (OCB. The results show that the conscientiousness has been identified as being in a significant positive relationship with OCB. This result is consistent with the data provided by previous researchers. The results also indicate that three conscientiousness facets are in a positive relationship with OCB. These three conscientiousness facets are self-efficacy, cautiousness and orderliness. Agreeableness was not identified as being associated with OCB. At the level of the relationship between motivational persistence factors and OCB, we have identified a significant positive relationship with only one factor: current purpose pursuing. The OCB model has two variables that work best as predictors: high scores with regard to current purpose in terms of the pursuing-motivational persistence factor, and low scores in terms of the imagination-facet of openness to experience.

  2. Business Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Föh, Kennet Fischer; Mandøe, Lene; Tinten, Bjarke

    Business Law is a translation of the 2nd edition of Erhvervsjura - videregående uddannelser. It is an educational textbook for the subject of business law. The textbook covers all important topic?s within business law such as the Legal System, Private International Law, Insolvency Law, Contract law......, Instruments of debt and other claims, Sale of Goods and real estate, Charges, mortgages and pledges, Guarantees, Credit agreements, Tort Law, Product liability and Insurance, Company law, Market law, Labour Law, Family Law and Law of Inheritance....

  3. Brief report: Citizenship concepts among adolescents. Evidence from a survey among Belgian 16-year olds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dejaeghere, Yves; Hooghe, Marc

    2009-06-01

    In this research note we investigate the occurrence of citizenship concepts among adolescents in Belgium. The analysis is based on the Belgian Youth Survey (2006), which is a representative survey among 6330 16-year olds in the country. Citizenship concepts were shown to be multi-dimensional, with distinct factors for conventional or electoral participation and civic engagement. A third, weaker factor could be distinguished covering obedience to the law. This structure is largely in line with earlier comparative analysis. An exploratory analysis suggests that these factors have different outcomes on actual or intended political participation behavior of adolescents. We discuss the relevance of these findings with regard to the current debates on civic education and civic engagement among younger age cohorts.

  4. The government of chronic poverty: from exclusion to citizenship?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickey, Sam

    2010-01-01

    Development trustees have increasingly sought to challenge chronic poverty by promoting citizenship amongst poor people, a move that frames citizenship formation as central to overcoming the exclusions and inequalities associated with uneven development. For sceptics, this move within inclusive neoliberalism is inevitably depoliticising and disempowering, and our cases do suggest that citizenship-based strategies rarely alter the underlying basis of poverty. However, our evidence also offers some support to those optimists who suggest that progressive moves towards poverty reduction and citizenship formation have become more rather than less likely at the current juncture. The promotion of citizenship emerges here as a significant but incomplete effort to challenge poverty that persists over time.

  5. Adult education for democratic citizenship in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella

    2009-01-01

    " of the lifelong learning strategy. Accordingly, civic competence, which "equips individuals to fully participate in civic life", has been identified by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union (2006: 17) as a key competence to be given priority in all member states in the years to come...... from education to learning for democratic citizenship within the European discourse, the emphasis on lifelong learning and the consequent equal recognition of in-school and out-of-school learning activities, most empirical research in the field of education for democratic citizenship remains primarily...... concerned with school-aged pupils. When available, research which focuses on the links between adult education and learning for democratic citizenship is highly theoretical and rarely supported by empirical evidence....

  6. The Moralisation of Citizenship in Dutch Integration Discourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willem Schinkel

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available In this essay two arguments are made about the Dutch integration policy discourse drawing on a distinction between formal citizenship and moral citizenship. First it is argued that citizenship is increasingly framed as moral citizenship and subsequently that this entails a shift from actual citizenship to a virtual conception of it. This virtualisation of citizenship leads to the discursive articulation of certain citizens – immigrants who are citizens in the formal sense – as quasi-subjects, at once protected and feared within the nation-state. This entails that the virtualisation of citizenship does not concern formal inclusion in the nation-state, but rather the moral inclusion in the discursive domain of ‘society’.

  7. FAKTOR KEPRIBADIAN DAN ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR PADA POLISI PARIWISATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atika Kusuma Wardani A Miftahun Ni’mah Suseno

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThe aim of this research was to understand relationship betweenOrganizational Citizenship Behavior and Personality Factor. The subjectsof this research are members of tourism police in Yogyakarta, total subjectare 54 people. Data collected with two scales consist of OrganizationalCitizenship Behavior Scale and Big Five Personality Scale. Data wasanalyzed with correlation product moment. Result showed there is nocorrelation between neuroticism and Organizational Citizenship Behavior,there is positive correlation between extraversion and OrganizationalCitizenship Behavior, there is no correlation between opennes to experienceand Organizational Citizenship Behavior,  there is positive correlationbetween agreeableness and Organizational Citizenship Behavior, and thereis positive correlation between conscientiousness and OrganizationalCitizenship Behavior.

  8. Women and citizenship post‐trafficking: the case of Nepal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Diane; Laurie, Nina; Poudel, Meena; Townsend, Janet

    2016-01-01

    Abstract This article analyses the relationship between gender, sexuality and citizenship embedded in models of citizenship in the Global South, specifically in South Asia, and the meanings associated with having – or not having – citizenship. It does this through an examination of women's access to citizenship in Nepal in the context of the construction of the emergent nation state in the ‘new’ Nepal ‘post‐conflict’. Our analysis explores gendered and sexualized constructions of citizenship in this context through a specific focus on women who have experienced trafficking, and are beginning to organize around rights to sustainable livelihoods and actively lobby for changes in citizenship rules which discriminate against women. Building from this, in the final section we consider important implications of this analysis of post‐trafficking experiences for debates about gender, sexuality and citizenship more broadly. PMID:27642193

  9. Women and citizenship post-trafficking: the case of Nepal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Diane; Laurie, Nina; Poudel, Meena; Townsend, Janet

    2016-05-01

    This article analyses the relationship between gender, sexuality and citizenship embedded in models of citizenship in the Global South, specifically in South Asia, and the meanings associated with having - or not having - citizenship. It does this through an examination of women's access to citizenship in Nepal in the context of the construction of the emergent nation state in the 'new' Nepal 'post-conflict'. Our analysis explores gendered and sexualized constructions of citizenship in this context through a specific focus on women who have experienced trafficking, and are beginning to organize around rights to sustainable livelihoods and actively lobby for changes in citizenship rules which discriminate against women. Building from this, in the final section we consider important implications of this analysis of post-trafficking experiences for debates about gender, sexuality and citizenship more broadly.

  10. Education in bioethics and citizenship formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haywer Alexander Carvajal Abril

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to make an analysis of the conceptual foundations in Nussbaum and Cortina’s work, according to which education in bioethics can be used to promote the exercise of citizenship in undergraduates. In order to successfully carry out this research, in the first part it is developed a reflection on what bioethics is, and more specifically education in bioethics. The second and third sections show a reflection on the conceptual elements of Nussbaum and Cortina which could be used by education in bioethics for citizenship formation. Finally, such elements and their importance to bioethics are analyzed.

  11. International Law in a Global Age. A Teacher Handbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croddy, Marshall; Maxey, Phyllis

    This global approach to teaching high school students about international law uses existing curriculum materials from a variety of social studies disciplines to present five major perspectives. Perspective I, "Global Links," focuses on the meaning of citizenship in a global age and the interconnectedness between individuals and the…

  12. International Law in a Global Age. Student Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croddy, Marshall; Maxey, Phyllis

    This global approach to teaching high school students about international law uses existing curriculum materials from a variety of social studies disciplines to present five major perspectives. Perspective I "Global Links," focuses on the meaning of citizenship in a global age and the interconnectedness between individuals and the…

  13. Draft law concerning the agreement concluded on 22 October 1986 by the Federal Republic of Germany and the Swiss Confederation, on third party liability in the nuclear energy field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1987-10-06

    The bill is intented to improve the liability regime for the protection of the population of the two neighbour countries against possible transfrontier effects of nuclear facilities of the two countries. The third-party liability agreement has been signed on 22 October 1986 in Bern/Switzerland to the effect that the Swiss Confederation is regarded as having acceded to the Paris Convention on Third Party Liability. The bill in hand is to create the basis for a ratification of the agreement, in accordance with Art. 59, para 2, 1st sentence of the Basic Law.

  14. The Social psychology of citizenship: Engagement with citizenship studies and future research

    OpenAIRE

    Stevenson, Clifford; Hopkins, Nick; Luyt, Russell; Dixon, John

    2015-01-01

    In this article we review the argument outlined in the opening article in this special thematic section: that the current social psychology of citizenship can be understood as the development of longstanding conceptualisations of the concept within the discipline. These conceptualisations have contributed to the current social psychological study of the constructive, active and collective (but often exclusive) understandings of citizenship in people’s everyday lives, as evidenced by contribut...

  15. The Social Psychology of Citizenship: Engagement With Citizenship Studies and Future Research

    OpenAIRE

    Clifford Stevenson; Nick Hopkins; Russell Luyt; John Dixon

    2015-01-01

    In this article we review the argument outlined in the opening article in this special thematic section: that the current social psychology of citizenship can be understood as the development of longstanding conceptualisations of the concept within the discipline. These conceptualisations have contributed to the current social psychological study of the constructive, active and collective (but often exclusive) understandings of citizenship in people’s everyday lives, as evidenced by contribut...

  16. Citizenship – A study on the fight against terror and the notion of citizenship.

    OpenAIRE

    Rasmussen, Stine

    2016-01-01

    This thesis examines whether or not the global fight against terror has an affect on the notion of citizenship. This has been examined by using three different cases: Guantanamo and the terror attacks that occurred in Denmark on February 14, 2015 and France on November 13, 2015. The thesis consists of an analytical framework that focuses on three main concepts security, citizenship and sovereignty these three concepts will be used in order to analyze on the three cases. The three cases provid...

  17. Yo Ciudadano: Un Curriculo de Experiencias para Educacion Civica. Nivel: Cinco (Citizen Me: An Experiential Curriculum for Citizenship Education. Level: Five).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutierrez, Merri

    Integrating concepts of basic citizenship education with community involvement, this experiential curriculum provides a means for developing decision making and critical thinking skills within the existing fifth grade social studies curriculum. The 12 lessons, translated into Spanish, cover the following concepts: responsibility, rules and laws,…

  18. 8 CFR 324.3 - Women, citizens of the United States at birth, who lost or are believed to have lost citizenship...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Women, citizens of the United States at... SPECIAL CLASSES OF PERSONS WHO MAY BE NATURALlZED: WOMEN WHO HAVE LOST UNITED STATES CITIZENSHIP BY MARRIAGE AND FORMER CITIZENS WHOSE NATURALIZATION IS AUTHORIZED BY PRlVATE LAW § 324.3 Women, citizens...

  19. Business Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Föh, Kennet Fischer; Mandøe, Lene; Tinten, Bjarke

    Business Law is a translation of the 2nd edition of Erhvervsjura - videregående uddannelser. It is an educational textbook for the subject of business law. The textbook covers all important topic?s within business law such as the Legal System, Private International Law, Insolvency Law, Contract law...

  20. What's Wrong with Teaching Facts to Constitutional Law Students--Rebuttal to a Colleague.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giglio, Ernest D.

    1979-01-01

    Criticizes an article in the April 1978 issue of "Teaching Political Science" in which R. Langren maintained that case-decision identification and factual recall serve as good bases for a study of constitutional law. Current article maintains that law-related courses in a liberal arts context should stress good citizenship and critical analysis of…

  1. Pipe drafting and design

    CERN Document Server

    Parisher, Roy A

    2011-01-01

    Pipe Drafting and Design, Third Edition provides step-by-step instructions to walk pipe designers, drafters, and students through the creation of piping arrangement and isometric drawings. It includes instructions for the proper drawing of symbols for fittings, flanges, valves, and mechanical equipment. More than 350 illustrations and photographs provide examples and visual instructions. A unique feature is the systematic arrangement of drawings that begins with the layout of the structural foundations of a facility and continues through to the development of a 3-D model. Advanced chapters

  2. Pipe drafting and design

    CERN Document Server

    Parisher, Roy A; Parisher

    2000-01-01

    Pipe designers and drafters provide thousands of piping drawings used in the layout of industrial and other facilities. The layouts must comply with safety codes, government standards, client specifications, budget, and start-up date. Pipe Drafting and Design, Second Edition provides step-by-step instructions to walk pipe designers and drafters and students in Engineering Design Graphics and Engineering Technology through the creation of piping arrangement and isometric drawings using symbols for fittings, flanges, valves, and mechanical equipment. The book is appropriate primarily for pipe

  3. Revised Law Provides Better Protection for Minor Citizens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JU QING

    2007-01-01

    @@ On December 29, 2006, the revised Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Minors(hereinafter referred to as "the revised Law" for short) was approved at the 25th meeting of the Tenth National People's Congress (NPC), China's highest legislature. The revised Law is to become effective on June 1, 2007. Revision of the Law, which was adopted in 1991, took three years to complete, during which period a dozen drafts were produced.

  4. Digital Storytelling for Transformative Global Citizenship Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truong-White, Hoa; McLean, Lorna

    2015-01-01

    This article explores how digital storytelling offers the potential to support transformative global citizenship education (TGCE) through a case study of the Bridges to Understanding program that connected middle and high school students globally using digital storytelling. Drawing on a TGCE framework, this research project probed the curriculum…

  5. Trends and Dilemmas in Citizenship Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trond Solhaug

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This article elaborates some important trends and discussions in citizenship education. It seems that there are strong arguments from scientific scholars which express opposition to a focus on only formal facts and democratic procedures in the teaching of citizenship education. This approach is also criticized by students for its meaninglessness and irrelevance. There also seems to be relative agreement that democracies are being challenged for various reasons, that school plays an important role in citizenship education, that republicanism is the preferred framework, and that students construct their own views of the world (constructivist learning processes. Despite this rather general agreement, there remain quite a few important dilemmas and also disagreements in the field of citizenship education. Among these are: the conceptualization of democracy, the knowledge to be presented, adopting a national versus a global perspective, the maturity of young citizens regarding the question of multiculturalism, and approaches to teaching (particularly providing room for criticism. These and other dilemmas are discussed, and a summary of recommendations is put forward.

  6. Psychometric Properties of a Digital Citizenship Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordin, Mohamad Sahari; Ahmad, Tunku Badariah Tunku; Zubairi, Ainol Madziah; Ismail, Nik Ahmad Hisham; Rahman, Abdul Hamid Abdul; Trayek, Fuad A. A.; Ibrahim, Mohd Burhan

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was twofold, i.e. to examine the extent to which students' self-reported use of digital technology constituted meaningful and interpretable dimensions of the digital citizenship construct, and to test the adequacy of the construct in terms of its reliability, convergent validity, discriminant validity, and measurement…

  7. Handbook of political citizenship and social movements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Heijden, H.A.

    2014-01-01

    This Handbook uniquely collates the results of several decades of academic research in these two important fields. The expert contributions successively address the different forms of political citizenship and current approaches and recent developments in social movement studies. Salient social move

  8. Higher Education and Entrepreneurial Citizenship in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Soren

    2012-01-01

    Focusing on Singapore's "Global Schoolhouse" project, this article discusses how efforts to transform Singapore into a "world class" knowledge economy entail changes to the status of citizenship in Singapore. The project of wooing top foreign universities to Singapore is permeated with an entrepreneurial ideal of Singapore as…

  9. Nurturing Democratic Citizenship through Human Conversation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pickett, Brent L.; Kleinsasser, Audrey M.

    2016-01-01

    Responding to the increasing sophistication in the arts of deception in the public realm, the authors turn to Goodlad's ideal of democratic citizenship nurtured through human conversation in the classroom and development of critical skills to evaluate the accuracy of arguments.

  10. Democratizing Our Youth: Citizenship, Community and Governance

    Science.gov (United States)

    McVeigh, Ryan; Barnett, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we argue that the inherent flaw in the current Ontario civics curriculum is that it is too heavily influenced by the functional aspects of "what is" Canada, rather than giving the opportunity to experience the emotional qualities of what it means to be Canadian. Creating a community of learners based on the caveats of citizenship and…

  11. Weaving a Tapestry of Responsible Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grosenick, Laurie A.

    2009-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses how she compares social studies instruction to weaving a tapestry of responsible citizenship. She discusses strategies she used to help students who have limited or no English (Limited English Proficiency, or LEP) make the transition from home to school. The author's teaching techniques have many sources. A…

  12. Higher Education and Entrepreneurial Citizenship in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Soren

    2012-01-01

    Focusing on Singapore's "Global Schoolhouse" project, this article discusses how efforts to transform Singapore into a "world class" knowledge economy entail changes to the status of citizenship in Singapore. The project of wooing top foreign universities to Singapore is permeated with an entrepreneurial ideal of Singapore as…

  13. Childhood and Citizenship: A Conversation across Modernity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunne, Joseph

    2006-01-01

    This paper analyses the problematic nature of citizenship as a modern achievement faced with the challenge of vindicating ancient ideals in what is increasingly considered to be a "postmodern" world. It offers a parallel analysis of childhood as a characteristically modern construct whose reality in children's life-worlds is threatened by social…

  14. Characteristics Shaping College Student Organizational Citizenship Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    LeBlanc, Cary J.

    2014-01-01

    This study explored the concept of Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) in relation to undergraduate college students. The extensive research on OCB within traditional work environments indicates that while workers who demonstrate OCB usually receive more favorable performance evaluations, those behaviors also help build community and culture…

  15. Active Citizenship, Education and Service Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birdwell, Jonathan; Scott, Ralph; Horley, Edward

    2013-01-01

    This article explores how active citizenship can be encouraged through education and community action. It proposes that service learning and a renewed focus on voluntarism can both promote social cohesion between different ethnic and cultural groups while also fostering among the population a greater understanding of and commitment to civic…

  16. Sorting Citizens: Differentiated Citizenship Education in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Li-Ching

    2012-01-01

    Using Singapore as a case study, this paper examines how the discourses of democratic elitism and meritocracy help allocate different citizen roles to students and define the nature of the social studies citizenship education programmes for different educational tracks. While the Singapore education system is not unique in its stratification of…

  17. Understanding political responsibility in corporate citizenship

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tempels, Tjidde; Blok, Vincent; Verweij, Marcel

    2017-01-01

    In this article, we explore the debate on corporate citizenship and the role of business in global governance. In the debate on political corporate social responsibility it is assumed that under globalization business is taking up a greater political role. Apart from economic responsibilities

  18. Vintage High School Citizenship Recognition Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Napa Valley Unified School District, Napa, CA.

    THE FOLLOWING IS THE FULL TEXT OF THIS DOCUMENT: Recognition of good citizenship is one component of the Vintage High School Student Incentive Program which could be easily adapted for any school. The only direct cost is for postage to mail congratulatory letters home and a small initial cost for printing award certificates. On a rotating basis,…

  19. Connecting Family Learning and Active Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flanagan, Mary

    2009-01-01

    In Ireland family learning and active citizenship has not been linked together until 2006. It was while the Clare Family Learning Project was involved in a family learning EU learning network project, that a suggestion to create a new partnership project linking both areas was made and FACE IT! was born (Families and Active Citizenship…

  20. Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Its Importance in Academics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kernodle, Thomas A.; Noble, Deborah

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to support Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) as an essential area of study in the field of business education that is often neglected. OCB has been defined as individual behavior that is discretionary, not directly or explicitly recognized by the formal reward system, and that in the aggregate promotes the…

  1. Higher Education and Entrepreneurial Citizenship in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Soren

    2012-01-01

    Focusing on Singapore's "Global Schoolhouse" project, this article discusses how efforts to transform Singapore into a "world class" knowledge economy entail changes to the status of citizenship in Singapore. The project of wooing top foreign universities to Singapore is permeated with an entrepreneurial ideal of Singapore…

  2. Leadership, organisational citizenship and innovative work ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Frederick Iraki

    Although organisational citizenship behaviour (OCB) and innovative work behaviour ... group or organisation, in order to benefit role performance, the group, or the ... includes voluntary acts of creativity and innovation designed to improve one's task or .... Thus transactional leadership emphasises extrinsic motivation,.

  3. Environmental Citizenship in Florida's Middle Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Florida State Dept. of Environmental Protection, Tallahassee.

    This brochure introduces Environmental Citizenship in Florida's Middle Schools, which is a school-wide exercise aimed at making middle school students more aware of the natural world around them and their effect on that world. As many school-study areas as possible are used to help students learn how the environment can affect all aspects of their…

  4. Beyond Borders: International Education and Global Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sefcik, Michael

    2010-01-01

    A foreign experience can have a transformational impact on individuals and the societies in which they live. During a student exchange in Sweden, I gained a greater understanding of multiculturalism, learned about the values of multilingualism, and realized the importance of global citizenship. Living in a country is far different from visiting a…

  5. Enhancing American Identity and Citizenship in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benninga, Jacques; Quinn, Brandy

    2011-01-01

    By examining history-social science learning standards in the state of California, an argument is made that schools should be concerned about more than narrowly defined academic achievement goals. Instead, a review of those standards suggests that schools are responsible for helping to foster democratic citizenship that grows out of a strong…

  6. Contradictions of labor law during elections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Márquez

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Our article is part of a research to understand Uruguayan labour law through an analysis of the contradictions that arise between the rights and obligations derived from public law rules in the current stage where labour law is dispersed within the voluminous set of rules that conforms Uruguayan law. Our argument focuses particularly on the topic of the working hours that officers and public notaries invest whenever citizenship is convened to vote in the electoral polls, the most important act in a democracy. We hope this publication may arise a debate that contributes to the construction of new rules helping in the creation of a better labour law.

  7. Fixing Flaws in the Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    China’s top legislature has adopted a draft amendment to the Law on Lawyers that will make it easier for lawyers to meet criminal suspects and obtain evidenceA change to China’s 11-year-old Law on Lawyers is set to empow- er the country’s legal profession. The amendment to the law,which will come into effect on June 1 next year,will allow individuals to open a law firm,improve access to clients and enable lawyers to build a case more easily. Lawyers in China have traditionally lacked power and this has hampered devel- opment of the industry.The amendment could change this and lead to rapid growth in the profession.

  8. Citizenship in the Faroe Islands: Participant, Parochial or Colonial?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoff, Jens Villiam; West, Hallbera Frida

    2008-01-01

    This article analysis citizenship in the Faroe Islands based on a quantitative survey carried out in summer 2004. Located theoretically in the tradition of Scandinavian citizenship investigations, four areas of citizenship are analysed: political engagement, democratic participation, political...... to female representation in the Faroese parliament and in government, seems better explained by the relative remoteness of the islands from the Scandinavian political and cultural mainstream (the parochialism hypothesis). Also the fact that the Faroese are much less confident in speaking at public meetings...

  9. The relationship between self-monitoring and organizational citizenship behavior

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blakely, G.L. [West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (United States). Dept. of Management and Industrial Relations; Fuller, J. [West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (United States). Dept. of Management and Industrial Relations]|[USDOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center, WV (United States); Smith, D.H. [USDOE Morgantown Energy Technology Center, WV (United States)

    1996-10-01

    Organizational citizenship behavior is behavior which is discretionary on the part of the individual, not recognized by the organizational reward system, yet contributes to the effectiveness of the organization. In this study the relationship between self-monitoring and organizational citizenship behavior was examined. Support was found for the hypothesis that individuals high in self-monitoring are also more likely to perform organizational citizenships behaviors. Implications for management and future research are discussed.

  10. Evaluation of a Social Network Activity within the Scope of the Digital Citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Kuzu

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The present study focused on whether an activity process conducted via the social network of Twitter was consistent with the nine elements (etiquette, commerce, communication, literacy, access, responsibility, law, health and security of digital citizenship suggested by Ribble and Bailey (2004a. The related literature was reviewed, and within the scope of the activity carried out via Twitter, the process was evaluated in terms of students’ acquisition of the qualifications required by digital citizenship. The activity was carried out with 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th grade teacher students attending the Department of Computer Education and Instructional Technology at the Education Faculty of Anadolu University. Within the scope of the activity, a competition was held via Twitter. The competition lasted five weeks in total, and the students were asked to send tweets regarding the theme determined for each week. The nine elements of digital citizenship suggested by Ribble and the four-phase structure the researcher developed was seen to comply substantially with the activity carried out in the present study. In this respect, the present study revealed that digital-based activities to be carried out at schools regarding the training of digital citizens will provide an important development process. For parents, teachers and instructors who have undertaken the role of guidance for the young generation up until now, a radical change is envisaged regarding technology. It could be stated that the digital divide likely to occur due to lack of any sample to be taken by the young to keep up with the renovations could be overcome by making everybody adopt digital citizenship norms.

  11. Analysis of the Article 33 About "False Lawsuit Crime"in the Ninth Draft of Criminal Law Amendment%《刑法修正案(九)(草案)》第33条“虚假诉讼罪”的解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪锡雷

    2015-01-01

    According to the first section of article 33 in the Draft of Criminal Law Amendment,"the illegitima-ted interests" can be interpreted as the interests based on the false claims. "Fabricated facts", including fabrica-ting and hiding facts, should be understood normatively from the results these facts lead to. As for the "facts", they should exist objectively in theory; however, in the judicial practice, they depend on the result of the civil judgments. And the second section, a compromise route in theory, has two defects:the unreasonable premises and the uncoordinated penalty. In conclusion, article 33 shall be deemed to further study and revision.%《刑法修正案(九)(草案)》第33条第1款中的“不正当利益”可以理解为建立在虚假的请求权基础事实之上的利益。“捏造事实”应当从结果意义上进行规范理解,既包括虚构事实,也包括隐瞒真相。至于“事实”,从理论上应当理解为客观事实,但司法适用中应当以法院民事判决的结果为准。第2款使用的表述方式是理论上的折中路线,同时也具有预设前提不合理和法定刑设置严重失衡两个缺陷。立法机关对本条还应当作进一步的研究和修改。

  12. Beyond task performance: the concept of organizational citizenship performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter C. Borman

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we describe the construct of citizenship performance and briefly review some of the industrial and organizational psychology research on organizational citizenship. We discuss the history, the dimensionality, the antecedents, consequences and implications for practice, and also provide a critical analysis. The conclusions of this review are that citizenship performance is important for contemporary organizations and contemporary trends suggest it will continue to be important in the future. We encourage further research in the area of citizenship performance in other cultures beyond the US.

  13. Striking a balance between types of organisational citizenship ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    kirstam

    Key words: affective commitment; balance; innovative behaviours; ... introduce the concepts of compulsory citizenship behaviour (CCB) and entropic ... Powell, Bendoly and Richey (2006) note that task interdependence moderates the.

  14. What are feminist fussing about? : Feminists attempts for full Citizenship

    OpenAIRE

    Claesson, Ida

    2008-01-01

    Is citizenship gendered? The answer to this question for most feminist theorists has to be a resounding ‘yes’. For them citizenship has always been gendered in the sense that women and men have stood in different relationship to it, to the disadvantage of women. In recent years citizenship has been combined to gender by a number of feminists. Their work is all about the importance to reconstruct citizenship because they believe it fails to engage or to include women. This thesis examines the ...

  15. Citizenship Education as a Panacea for Political Stability in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nneka Umera-Okeke

    Key Words: citizenship education, political stability, governance. Introduction ... the civil rule in Nigeria include armed robbering, assassination, bribery and corruption, appointing .... such as corporate governance, international governance.

  16. Criminal Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langsted, Lars Bo; Garde, Peter; Greve, Vagn

    <> book contains a thorough description of Danish substantive criminal law, criminal procedure and execution of sanctions. The book was originally published as a monograph in the International Encyclopaedia of Laws/Criminal Law....... book contains a thorough description of Danish substantive criminal law, criminal procedure and execution of sanctions. The book was originally published as a monograph in the International Encyclopaedia of Laws/Criminal Law....

  17. World law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harold J. Berman

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available In the third millennium of the Christian era, which is characterised by the emergence of a world economy and eventually a world society, the concept of world law is needed to embrace not only the traditional disciplines of public international law, and comparative law, but also the common underlying legal principles applicable in world trade, world finance, transnational transfer of technology and other fields of world economic law, as well as in such emerging fields as the protection of the world's environment and the protection of universal human rights. World law combines inter-state law with the common law of humanity and the customary law of various world communities.

  18. Formulation of Policy for Cyber Crime in Criminal Law Revision Concept of Bill Book of Criminal Law (A New Penal Code)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soponyono, Eko; Deva Bernadhi, Brav

    2017-04-01

    Development of national legal systems is aimed to establish the public welfare and the protection of the public. Many attempts has been carried out to renew material criminal law and those efforts results in the formulation of the concept of the draft Law Book of the Law of Criminal Law in the form of concept criminal code draft. The basic ideas in drafting rules and regulation based on the values inside the idology of Pancasila are balance among various norm and rules in society. The design concept of the New Criminal Code Act is anticipatory and proactive to formulate provisions on Crime in Cyberspace and Crime on Information and Electronic Transactions. Several issues compiled in this paper are whether the policy in formulation of cyber crime is embodied in the provisions of the current legislation and what the policies formulation of cyber crime is in the concept of the bill book of law - criminal law recently?.

  19. Cross-disciplinary consumer citizenship education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Sanne Schnell; Gottschau, Jette

    2005-01-01

    and consumer education, along with pedagogical issues, with the aim of developing a holistic, integrated approach to consumer citizenship education. The workshop concept is based on the “IVAC” (Investigation, Visions, Actions & Changes) model (Jensen 1997). As our point of departure, we take a practical...... these competences in their practical teaching of consumer citizenship education in Danish comprehensive schools. Comprehensive schools are state schools combining primary and lower secondary education. In Denmark, teacher training includes 24 weeks of teaching practice. The workshop forms an integral part...... and methods function. In addition, they are offered a visit by their college supervisor. Upon completion of the teaching practice, a plenary evaluation takes place at the teacher training college. This is intended to bring the lessons learned during the practicum into the classroom in order to share...

  20. European citizenship and active citizenship: an ever open debate (Italian original version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauretta D’Angelo

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available In the course of the last decade the European debate on the concept of citizenship has shown that a definition of this concept in strictly legal and jurisprudence terms is reductive. Indeed a behavioral element is present, which goes beyond the defence and request for defence of rights and duties, but actually stresses the importance of acting within a community (or within several communities. A citizenship belonging to a given space/time context which, to be authentic, requires know-how and know-how-to-be that can be gained in different training opportunities (formal, informal etc. with various active learning methodologies and through experience. The SEDEC project aims to investigate which teaching methodologies and activities specifically developed for the teaching of sciences can be applied in other learning contexts, in order to sustain actions for developing an active citizenship.

  1. Welfare mix, CSR and social citizenship

    OpenAIRE

    Moreno Fernández, Luis

    2010-01-01

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is an important undertaking by corporations in order to advance social citizenship. In the last decades a growing implication of businesses and NGOs in welfare development has run hand in hand with a noticeable increase of both: (a) the for-profit welfare provision of policies and services to the general public, and (b) those programmes made available by corporations to their employees. All these developments, together with the provision of social poli...

  2. Citizenship and Political Violence in Peru

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilson, Fiona

    Citizenship and Political Violence in Peru recounts the hidden history of how local processes of citizen formation in an Andean town were persistently overruled from the nineteenth century on, thereby perpetuating antagonism toward the Peruvian state and political centralism. The analysis points...... violence in the 1980s. The book builds on the detailed study of a unique municipal archive in Tarma and ethnographic research from both before and after the violence....

  3. Homeschooling and the Redefinition of Citizenship

    OpenAIRE

    A. Bruce Arai

    1999-01-01

    Homeschooling has grown considerably in many countries over the past two or three decades. To date, most research has focused either on comparisons between schooled and homeschooled children, or on finding out why parents choose to educate their children at home. There has been little consideration of the importance of homeschooling for the more general issue of citizenship, and whether people can be good citizens without going to school. This paper reviews the research on homeschooling, as w...

  4. Citizenship Reporting in the American Community Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Van Hook

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Citizenship status among the foreign born is a crucial indicator of social and political incorporation, yet there are good reasons to suspect that citizenship status is inaccurately reported on U.S. surveys. OBJECTIVE This paper updates research carried out in the mid-1990s by Passel and Clark (1997 on the extent to which foreign-born noncitizen respondents in U.S. government-sponsored surveys misreport as naturalized citizens. METHODS We compare demographic estimates of the resident naturalized foreign-born population in 2010, based on administrative data, to estimates from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS. RESULTS Similar to previous research, we find that misreporting in the ACS is especially high among immigrants from all countries/regions who report fewer than five years in the United States. We also find that among longer-term foreign-born residents, misreporting is concentrated only among those originating in Mexico, especially men of all ages and older women, a finding that diverges from Passel and Clark in that we find no evidence of overreporting among immigrants from Central America and the Caribbean. Finally, the estimated magnitude of misreporting, especially among longer-term Mexican-born men, is sensitive to assumptions about the rate of emigration in our administrative-based demographic estimates, and assumptions about coverage error in the ACS, though altering these assumptions does not change the conclusions drawn from the general patterns of the results. CONCLUSIONS For applications that use citizenship as an indicator of legal status, we recommend that self-reported data on citizenship be accepted at face value for all groups except those with fewer than five years of U.S. residence, Mexican men, and older Mexican women.

  5. Citizenship and Political Violence in Peru

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilson, Fiona

    Citizenship and Political Violence in Peru recounts the hidden history of how local processes of citizen formation in an Andean town were persistently overruled from the nineteenth century on, thereby perpetuating antagonism toward the Peruvian state and political centralism. The analysis points...... violence in the 1980s. The book builds on the detailed study of a unique municipal archive in Tarma and ethnographic research from both before and after the violence....

  6. Political and CulturalFoundations of Citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogomir Novak

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available My thesis is based on the premise that the change of the political system from socialism to post-socialism was not based on the otherwise branched­ out political education in socialism, but rather, on other factors of which the essential one is the third wave of democracy that swept across the Central, South and East European countries. (Interactive citizenship can de­velop synergistically together with a positive attitude towards one's own country and with a stimulative influence on the citizens; with co-operation among the various (civil groups and with modern education for citizenship (not only as the school subject of Citizenship Education and Ethics as well as with its alternative goals together with the democratic and spiritual political culture. In view of the projected deadline for stability of democracy, which is expected to last 50 to 60 years, both types of culture are only at the initial phase of development in the new Slovenian state.

  7. Recommendation on measures to safeguard freedom of expression and undistorted competition in EU trade mark law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Minssen, Timo

    2015-01-01

    SIGNATURES Initiator of the Recommendation: Martin Senftleben Professor of Intellectual Property and Director, Kooijmans Institute for Law and Governance, VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands Group of experts contributing to the drafting of the Recommendation and first Signatories: Pernille...

  8. Power politics in the revision of China’s Environmental Protection Law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhang, L.; He, G.; Mol, A.P.J.; Zhu, X.

    2013-01-01

    Environmental law making, like other legislative processes in China, used to take place behind closed doors. A major innovation in recent years is that it is now normal to consult the public on draft laws, although it is not yet prescribed in the Law on Legislation. It is tempting to interpret the d

  9. 22 CFR 40.63 - Misrepresentation; Falsely claiming citizenship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Misrepresentation; Falsely claiming citizenship... Immigration Violators § 40.63 Misrepresentation; Falsely claiming citizenship. (a) Fraud and misrepresentation... applicable if the fraud or misrepresentation was committed by an alien at the time the alien sought entry...

  10. Gendered Constructions of Citizenship: Young Kenyans' Negotiations of Rights Discourses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnot, Madeleine; Chege, Fatuma N.; Wawire, Violet

    2012-01-01

    This paper contributes to the study of citizenship by interrogating how young people in Nairobi (Chege and Arnot 2012) perceive their rights of citizenship. It builds on previous analyses of the connections between gender, education and poverty's poor urban settlements by focusing on the political dimensions of the young people's lives. The…

  11. American Indian Students Speak out: What's Good Citizenship?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Leisa A.; Chiodo, John J.

    2008-01-01

    For much of our country's history, citizenship has eluded American Indian people. With this in mind, the authors conducted a study to determine the perceptions of eighth and eleventh grade American Indian students regarding citizenship. We wanted to find out what American Indian students believe are the attributes of a good citizen; what…

  12. Representing Mayas: Indigenous Authorities and Citizenship Demands in Guatemala

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rasch, E.D.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, I analyze how indigenous authorities in Guatemala negotiate citizenship at the local level within the larger context of indigenous claim making in Latin America. I argue that the construction of citizenship at the local level is not only framed by models imposed on indigenous commun

  13. Aristotle, Camus, and Teaching and Learning about Citizenship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spurgeon, Chris

    1995-01-01

    Describes a high school citizenship class unit that contrasted Aristotle's concept of a public citizen with the actions of Meursault in Albert Camus's "The Stranger." Through writing assignments and class activities, the students connected their own ideas of citizenship, freedom, and conformity with Aristotelian and existentialist…

  14. Cultural citizenship as a normative notion for activist practices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boele van Hensbroek, Pieter

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the possibility of a notion of cultural citizenship that can function as an activist tool for formulating claims against cultural exclusion. It claims to have captured such a notion in the definition of cultural citizenship as the ability to co-author the cultural context in whic

  15. Constituting Market Citizenship: Regulatory State, Market Making and Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayasuriya, Kanishka

    2015-01-01

    The paper makes three claims: first that regulatory state making and market making in higher education is intertwined through a project of market citizenship that shapes the "publicness" of higher education. Second, we argue that these projects of market citizenship are variegated and in Australia has taken the form of accommodation--via…

  16. Character and Citizenship Education: Conversations between Personal and Societal Values

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sim, Jasmine B.-Y.; Low, Ee Ling

    2012-01-01

    The theme of this special issue is "Character and Citizenship Education: Conversations between Personal and Societal Values." Character education and citizenship education, taken separately or as a single entity are currently riding high on the political and educational policy agendas of several governments (Arthur, 2003; Berkowitz & Bier, 2007;…

  17. Character and Citizenship Education: Conversations between Personal and Societal Values

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sim, Jasmine B.-Y.; Low, Ee Ling

    2012-01-01

    The theme of this special issue is "Character and Citizenship Education: Conversations between Personal and Societal Values." Character education and citizenship education, taken separately or as a single entity are currently riding high on the political and educational policy agendas of several governments (Arthur, 2003; Berkowitz & Bier, 2007;…

  18. Indian citizenship and the discourse of hygiene/disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilson, Fiona

    2004-01-01

    Citizenship became conflated with 'race' in late 19th century Latin America partly on account of the new language of biological science. The article focuses on the contrast between rights of belonging and rights of citizenship as played out in the provincial town in Andean Peru. It explores how b...

  19. Mobile Communication, Popular Protests and Citizenship in China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liu, Jun

    2015-01-01

    A reprint of the artile Liu, J., “Mobile Communication, Popular Protests and Citizenship in China,” Modern Asian Studies 47, no. 3 (2013): 995-1018.......A reprint of the artile Liu, J., “Mobile Communication, Popular Protests and Citizenship in China,” Modern Asian Studies 47, no. 3 (2013): 995-1018....

  20. 76 FR 63321 - U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    ...-63322] [FR Doc No: 2011-26361] DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services... Under Review: E-Verify Program. The Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration... and Immigration Services. (4) Affected public who will be asked or required to respond, as well as...

  1. What do we know about adult education for democratic citizenship?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella

    2006-01-01

    This article presents the findings from the study of research literature on Adult Education for Democratic Citizenship, carried out in nine EU memner states. The literature review was designed as the building block for a European Stocktaking study on lifelong learning for democratic citizenship t...

  2. Media Literacy: A Central Component of Democratic Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burroughs, Susie; Brocato, Kay; Hopper, Peggy F.; Sanders, Angela

    2009-01-01

    Educators from Europe, Latin America, and the United States convened to explore issues inherent in democratic citizenship. Media literacy, a central component of democratic citizenship, was studied in depth. Data from the camp were examined for evidence of the participants' understandings of media literacy and how it might be taught. Results…

  3. Educating for Cultural Citizenship: Reframing the Goals of Arts Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuttner, Paul J.

    2015-01-01

    Arts education does more than transfer the skills and knowledge needed to create artistic works. It also helps to shape young people's orientations towards participation in the cultural life of their communities. In this article, Paul Kuttner argues for reframing arts education as a process of developing cultural citizenship. Cultural citizenship,…

  4. Constituting Market Citizenship: Regulatory State, Market Making and Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayasuriya, Kanishka

    2015-01-01

    The paper makes three claims: first that regulatory state making and market making in higher education is intertwined through a project of market citizenship that shapes the "publicness" of higher education. Second, we argue that these projects of market citizenship are variegated and in Australia has taken the form of accommodation--via…

  5. The challenge from nationalism for European citizenship and democracy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siim, Birte

    The paper reflects upon the democratic challenges posed by the growth of new forms of nationalism across Europe for civic, political and social citizenship exacerbated by the economic and financial crisis. Scholars have argued that we need to reframe citizenship a new multilayered conception...

  6. Teachers; Views on Citizenship in Secondary Education in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leenders, H.; Veugelers, W.M.M.H.; Kat, E. de

    2008-01-01

    In 2005 the Dutch Minister of Education proposed making it compulsory for all schools in The Netherlands to stimulate active citizenship and social integration. Teachers must give these educational goals a tangible form in their practice. What are the teachers’ views on citizenship education? Concep

  7. Representing masculinity: Male citizenship in modern Western culture [second edition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dudink, S.P.; Hagemann, K.; Clark, A.

    2012-01-01

    The idea that citizenship was the right of all humanity emerged during the French Revolution. However, this right was limited by gender, class and race. Studying Europe and its colonies and the United States, this book analyzes images of masculine citizenship in political rhetoric, culture, and var

  8. Citizenship and Race in Second-Language Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, Douglas

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the links between citizenship and race in second-language education through an examination of the ways in which citizenship is linked to English language proficiency within a key Canadian federal adult English as a Second Language assessment document, the "Canadian Language Benchmarks" ("CLB"). It uses…

  9. The Butterfly Effect: The Impact of Citizenship Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponder, Jennifer; Lewis-Ferrell, Genell

    2009-01-01

    This article tells the story of a classroom teacher's journey with her elementary students as they attempt to understand and define citizenship. The narrative highlights the process of using an emergent curriculum, creating a democratic classroom, and facilitating an active citizenship project led by students. The authors provide steps to help…

  10. 7 CFR 273.4 - Citizenship and alien status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Citizenship and alien status. 273.4 Section 273.4... and alien status. (a) Household members meeting citizenship or alien status requirements. No person is...)(4)(i) of this section, or (5) An individual who is both a qualified alien as defined in paragraph...

  11. Organizational Citizenship and Organizational Justice in Turkish Primary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Kursad; Tasdan, Murat

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine primary school teachers' perceptions regarding organizational citizenship and organizational justice. The study also aims to determine whether such perceptions vary depending on the variables of gender, field of study and seniority, and whether organizational citizenship behaviors and…

  12. ICCS 2009 Encyclopedia: Approaches to Civic and Citizenship Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ainley, John, Ed.; Schulz, Wolfram, Ed.; Friedman, Tim, Ed.

    2013-01-01

    The International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS) is the largest international study of civic and citizenship education ever conducted. Over 140,000 Grade 8 students, 62,000 teachers, and 5,300 school principals from 38 countries participated in this study. Among these were five from Asia, 26 from Europe, six from Latin America, and…

  13. Equality of Education and Citizenship: Challenges of European Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Follesdal, Andreas

    2008-01-01

    What kind of equality among Europeans does equal citizenship require, especially regarding education? In particular, is there good reason to insist of equality of education among Europeans--and if so, equality of what? To what extent should the same knowledge base and citizenship norms be taught across state borders and religious and other…

  14. PENGARUH KEPUASAN KERJA DAN KOMITMEN ORGANISASI TERHADAP ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arum Darmwati

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Pengaruh Kepuasan Kerja dan Komitmen Organisasi Terhadap Organizational Citizenship Behavior. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh kepuasan kerja dan komitmen organisasi terhadap organizational citizenship behavior. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian korelasional dengan mengambil sampel karyawan bagian Tata Usaha FISE UNY. Metode pengumpulan datanya menggunakan metode survey dan analisis datanya menggunakan analisis regresi berganda. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa variabel kepuasan kerja memiliki pengaruh yang positif dan signifikan terhadap variabel organizational citizenship behavior sementara itu komitmen organisasi pengaruhnya tidak signifikan.   Kata Kunci: kepuasan kerja, komitmen organisasi, organizational citizenship behavior   Abstract: Effect of Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment on Organizational Citizenship Behavior. This study aims to determine the effect of job satisfaction and organizational commitment on organizational citizenship behavior. This study is a correlational study with a sample of Administration Division employees of FISE UNY. The data was collected using survey method and analyzed through multiple regression analysis. This study finds that job satisfaction variable has a positive and significant effect on the organizational citizenship behavior variable while the organizational commitment effect is not significant.   Key words:         job satisfaction, organizational commitment, organizational citizenship behavior

  15. Organizational Citizenship and Organizational Justice in Turkish Primary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Kursad; Tasdan, Murat

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine primary school teachers' perceptions regarding organizational citizenship and organizational justice. The study also aims to determine whether such perceptions vary depending on the variables of gender, field of study and seniority, and whether organizational citizenship behaviors and…

  16. Citizenship: The Democratic Imagination in a Global/Local Context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cogan, John J.; Grossman, David; Liu, Mei-hui

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the major global trends that citizens of the new millennium must address and why critics question globalization. Asserts that a new conception of "citizen" is required, describing a form of citizenship education called multidimensional citizenship. Considers how to provide schools that are centers of citizen education. (CMK)

  17. Democracy, Citizenship Education and Inclusion: A Multi-Dimensional Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossman, David L.

    2008-01-01

    Both democratic citizenship education and inclusion share a common ethos and language based on concerns for human rights, social justice, and a sense of community. Both aim at the building of democratic relationships. But it is fair to say that for a long time citizenship educators and advocates of inclusion have either spoken past each other, or…

  18. Effective civic and citizenship education : A cross-cultural perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Isac, Maria

    2015-01-01

    Reinforcing citizenship and social integration are important goals of schools worldwide. In most educational systems, school are free to design their civic and citizenship education curricula and pedagogical objectives and practices may vary. Understanding the possible influence of school factors on

  19. Anthropological perspectives on democratic citizenship education and globalization

    OpenAIRE

    Cervinkova, Hana

    2013-01-01

    The author draws on recent North American scholarship in the anthropology of education to show emerging trends in research on school-based democratic citizenship education. She gives examples of research, both at the level of national policies and individual schools, which addresses ways in which global and local infl uences interact in the creation and implementation of programs on democratic citizenship.

  20. 75 FR 54528 - Privacy Act of 1974: Implementation of Exemptions United States Citizenship and Immigration...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-08

    ... Exemptions United States Citizenship and Immigration Services-012 Citizenship and Immigration Data Repository... pursuant to the Privacy Act of 1974 for the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services- 012 Citizenship and Immigration Data Repository System of Records system of records and this proposed...

  1. Citizenship in the Digital Age: The Case of Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jakob Linaa

    2011-01-01

    patterns and attitudes: those feeling engaged are those who use ICTs most widely, and new media provide them with yet another platform for practicing citizenship. It is also shown, however, that there is a segment of new media users who prefer online cultural and social activities to offline ones......This article discusses citizenship in the age of new media using Denmark as a critical case study. It argues for the importance of considering cultural as well as political aspects of citizenship, and for the inclusion of emotions and belonging as well as rational political acts. There are strong...... relationships between the experience and practice of citizenship, and it is demonstrated that intensive media use and experience/practice of citizenship are highly interrelated: eager media users are also the most active and confident citizens. To a certain extent new media tend to reinforce existing behavior...

  2. Relationship between emotional intelligence and organizational citizenship behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turnipseed, David L; Vandewaa, Elizabeth A

    2012-06-01

    This study evaluated hypothesized positive linkages between organizational citizenship behavior and the emotional intelligence dimensions of perception, using emotion, understanding emotion, and management of emotion, involving two samples. Sample 1 comprised 334 employed college students, 52% male, with a mean age of 23.4 yr., who worked an average of 29.6 hr. per week. Sample 2 comprised 72 professors, 81% female, with a mean age of 47 yr. Measures were the Emotional Intelligence Scale and the Organizational Citizenship Behavior Scale. Results of hierarchical multiple regressions indicated a positive link between organizational citizenship behavior and emotional intelligence. There were differences between the samples. In Sample 1, each of the emotional intelligence dimensions were positively linked to citizenship behavior: using and managing emotion were the greatest contributors. In Sample 2, managing emotion was the only contributor. Emotional intelligence had the strongest relationship with citizenship behavior directed at individuals.

  3. Citizenship Education and the EFL Standards: A Critical Reflection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luzkarime Calle Díaz

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The reconfiguration of geographical and cultural boundaries has caused a growing concern among countries in regard to raising awareness of the importance of educating people to become “citizens of the world.” The language classroom seems to be the ideal place to incorporate the teaching and learning of global citizenship education, given its cross-cultural nature. This article intends to analyze the potential opportunities for the development of global citizenship education in the English as a foreign language classroom through a documentary analysis of the national standards and its connection to the national citizenship competences standards and the UNESCO global citizenship education topics and learning objectives. Finally, important recommendations are given to foster global citizenship in the English language classroom.

  4. Organizational Citizenship Behaviour, Hospital Corporate Image and Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Obamiro John Kolade

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the relationship between organizational citizenship behaviour, hospital corporate image and performance. Questionnaires were distributed to 350 patients and 298 usable questionnaires were returned representing a return rate of 85.7%. The study employs a Structural Equation Model to test four hypotheses on organizational citizenship behaviours, hospital corporate image and performance. The findings reveal that hospitals can increase performance through organizational citizenship behaviour and positive corporate image. However, it was also discovered that there is a negative covariance between organizational citizenship behaviour and hospital corporate image despite their individual positive contribution to performance. Therefore, hospital management should develop an organizational climate (such as recognition, additional reward, promotion, etc. that can promote organizational citizenship behaviour and enhance a positive corporate image while preventing situations that will discourage staff from rendering extra positive discretionary work related services.

  5. Citizenship in the Digital Age: The Case of Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jakob Linaa

    2011-01-01

    relationships between the experience and practice of citizenship, and it is demonstrated that intensive media use and experience/practice of citizenship are highly interrelated: eager media users are also the most active and confident citizens. To a certain extent new media tend to reinforce existing behavior......This article discusses citizenship in the age of new media using Denmark as a critical case study. It argues for the importance of considering cultural as well as political aspects of citizenship, and for the inclusion of emotions and belonging as well as rational political acts. There are strong...... patterns and attitudes: those feeling engaged are those who use ICTs most widely, and new media provide them with yet another platform for practicing citizenship. It is also shown, however, that there is a segment of new media users who prefer online cultural and social activities to offline ones...

  6. Waste burner overfire draft system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kahlert, G.; Pommer, L.; Davis, J.; Whebell, B.

    1977-11-22

    An overfire draft system for a waste burner is disclosed. Such system comprises air vents arranged circumferentially around the base of the burner for communicating the interior of the burner to the atmosphere and a draft modulated damper plate located in each air vent for automatically regulating the volume of overfire air delivered to the interior of the burner. Each draft modulated damper plate is provided with a lower lip which is deflected by a predetermined angle with respect to the plate to create an aerodynamic lift effect with large opening moment to assist the damper plate in its response under low air velocity conditions, and an oppositely deflected upper lip with proportionately less bent surface to avoid flutter or hunting of the damper as it approaches the maximum open position and to provide added dynamic opening force. The overfire draft system is also provided with ducts connected to the air vents and oriented so as to direct air tangentially around the base of the burner and toward the lower inside wall of the burner so as to minimize the disturbance of the inside air. The waste burner may also be provided with draft modulated or forced air vents arranged circumferentially at mid-elevation around the burner and duct means connected to such vents and directed at a small angle with the radius of the burner so as to cause turbulence in the flame zone and reduce the vertical velocity of gases above the fire, thus reducing emission of particulate materials.

  7. Too long a road towards the first Slovene law on libraries from 1961

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleš Gabrič

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Until the first Slovene Law on Libraries was passed, public libraries were, in general, parts of societies or committees of political organisations. These circumstances made it virtually impossible to engender a unified plan for the development of Slovenia's libraries. Although the first draft of a law which would bind the administrative agencies to provide libraries inside their districts with financial support, was drafted already in 1951, the revised law was passed as late as 1961. The adoption of the law was delayed, causing a prolonged crisis in the status and funding of libraries, despite the clearly defined solutions to the problem put forward by the librarians in the draft law. Due to the delays in the legal settlement of a number of open issues, the Society of Librarians of Slovenia used the proposed, modern regulations as guidelines in the de¬velopment of Slovenia's larger libraries, without waiting for the new law to be adopted.

  8. Multimodal carriage with a pinch of sea salt : Door to door under the UNCITRAL Draft instrument

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.A.I.H. Hoeks (Marian)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractThe current framework of international carriage law is made up of a collection of conventions, all of which deal with the carriage of goods by only one specific mode of transport. A convention which specifically deals with multimodal carriage is still lacking however. The new Draft Conv

  9. Is citizenship secular? : Conceptualising the relation between religion and citizenship in contemporary Dutch society

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wagenvoorde, Reinie

    2015-01-01

    Contemporary Western societies are undeniably diverse. This diversity has led to polarised debates that often concentrate on national identity. This PhD thesis argues that more promising answers to the serious question of plurality can be provided if we focus on the broader notion of citizenship. By

  10. Is citizenship secular? : Conceptualising the relation between religion and citizenship in contemporary Dutch society

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wagenvoorde, Reinie

    2015-01-01

    Contemporary Western societies are undeniably diverse. This diversity has led to polarised debates that often concentrate on national identity. This PhD thesis argues that more promising answers to the serious question of plurality can be provided if we focus on the broader notion of citizenship. By

  11. An Analysis of Social Studies Textbooks in Turkey: From National Citizenship to Global Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ersoy, Arife Figen

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine Social Studies textbooks in terms of national and global citizenship. The research was carried out using qualitative research methodologies. Interpretive thematic analysis was used to examine the social studies textbooks from 4th grade through 8th grade. The analyses showed that the Social Studies textbooks…

  12. 49 CFR 229.61 - Draft system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Draft system. 229.61 Section 229.61 Transportation... TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD LOCOMOTIVE SAFETY STANDARDS Safety Requirements Draft System § 229.61 Draft system. (a) A.... Suspension System...

  13. The Effects of Activities for Digital Citizenship on Students’ Attitudes toward Digital Citizenship and Their Reflections on Students’ Understanding about Digital Citizenship

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Advances in info-communication technologies have brought many social, cultural, and economic changes along across the world. Recent reflections of these changes over citizenship studies are noteworthy. One of the relevant concepts, digital citizenship can be defined as applying and advocating behaviors necessary for legal, ethical, safe, and responsible use of info-communication technologies in online settings (ISTE, 2007). Day by day, individuals are becoming more and more di...

  14. Citizenship Training: Youth and Social Action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Corina Fernández Alatorre

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The findings in this article provide conclusions from a larger research study, which utilized data from “life stories” and focus groups of young adults who lack access to social mobility. This study proposes to explore how the personal experiences of young adults who, voluntarily, became active participants of a collective action organization are connected to the shaping of their civic engagement. The interviewees are founders of an organization for the development of educational intervention projects that seek the collective participation of young adults from marginalized communities. The findings reveal how formative development affect their personal citizenship experiences, as well as ignite a commitment to social action.

  15. Places of remembrance in citizenship education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KInga Majchrzak

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The text starts with a short introduction. Then the concept of place is defined and its inherent characteristics are described: its symbolism, multi-sided nature and multidisciplinary connotations. Afterwards the principles of place-based pedagogy are presented and it’s eclectic character is pointed out. Then, attempt is made to explain the idea of the places of remembrance from the standpoint of history and pedagogy. In the final part the author relates to educational potential of places of remembrance and takes a stance on the role of places of remembrance in citizenship education.

  16. World law

    OpenAIRE

    Berman, Harold J.; Robert W. Woodruff; James Barr Ames

    1999-01-01

    In the third millennium of the Christian era, which is characterised by the emergence of a world economy and eventually a world society, the concept of world law is needed to embrace not only the traditional disciplines of public international law, and comparative law, but also the common underlying legal principles applicable in world trade, world finance, transnational transfer of technology and other fields of world economic law, as well as in such emerging fields as the protection of the ...

  17. THE DINAMICS ON CITIZENSHIP – A THEORETICAL APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Elena NEAGA

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I argue that the concept of citizenship is fundamentally a dynamic concept, a reflection of the society in which we live in. Thus, I identify participation as the main element of this dynamics. Starting from a simple definition – citizenship as the connecting point between individuals and the state trough rights and obligations – I note that citizenship is called upon on one hand in order to legitimate a political community’s authority, and on the other hand, in order to protect the individuals trough guaranteeing a set of civil, political and social rights. In order to fulfill these functions, the institution of citizenship must permit a continuous negotiation and renegotiation of the social contract, in a well-defined framework (in terms of time and place coordinates. Thus a particular mechanism emerges, transcending the classical theoretical approaches meant to explain who, how, for whom and why we discuss he issue of citizenship. My paper follows a three-step argument: first, I will start by deconstructing the concept of citizenship to its component elements, stressing out those aspects I consider to be relevant in terms of dynamics. Secondly, I will look at the main theoretical approaches regarding citizenship, considered as the results of a modeling process which establishes particular relations between various elements composing a system. Finally, I will underline the importance of participation (active or/and passive in the process of (re-constructing the concept of citizenship. Also, in this last part, I will try to synthesize the main elements that contribute to the dynamics of citizenship

  18. AGILE DRAFTING OF OUTSOURCING CONTRACTS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schlichter, Bjarne Rerup; Storgaard, Kristian

    2015-01-01

    and in several parallel tracks using different competencies. By the use of an illustrative case-study, this paper explores how scrum can be applied to enhance the process of drafting outsourcing contracts. The analysis indicates that the use of an agile method, such as Scrum, can be beneficial in this context...

  19. Everyday Citizenship: Identity Claims and Their Reception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nick Hopkins

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Citizenship involves being able to speak and be heard as a member of the community. This can be a formal right (e.g., a right to vote. It can also be something experienced in everyday life. However, the criteria for being judged a fellow member of the community are multiple and accorded different weights by different people. Thus, although one may self-define alongside one’s fellows, the degree to which these others reciprocate depends on the weight they give to various membership criteria. This suggests we approach everyday community membership in terms of an identity claims-making process in which first, an individual claims membership through invoking certain criteria of belonging, and second, others evaluate that claim. Pursuing this logic we report three experiments investigating the reception of such identity-claims. Study 1 showed that in Scotland a claim to membership of the national ingroup was accepted more if couched in terms of place of birth and ancestry rather than just in terms of one’s subjective identification. Studies 2 and 3 showed that this differential acceptance mattered for the claimant’s ability to be heard as a community member. We discuss the implications of these studies for the conceptualization of community membership and the realization of everyday citizenship rights.

  20. Hubungan Kepuasan Kerja dengan Perilaku Citizenship Organisasional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Rita

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Job satisfaction is a major concern for the organization to achieve effective performance. Each member/employee has citizenship behavior on activities that do and job satisfaction is believed to be related to the behavior of employees. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect job satisfaction on Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB.This study by taking a sample of Non Governmental Organizations (NGO in Java, which is an organization that is engaged in social and institutional performance is determined by the workers who work to serve the community. Interesting to observe when the OCB research concerning the role of employees in a social institution. So the application of this research carried out by the context in social institutions, especially NGO.The results of multiple regression analysis showed that the positive effect of pay satisfaction on OCB, but the benefits did not significantly affect satisfaction positively on OCB and antecedent factors (pay satisfaction and benefits satisfaction together - at no significant effect on OCB.

  1. Active citizenship and acquired neurological communication difficulty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackenzie, Catherine; Bennett, Amanda; Cairney, Melissa

    2011-01-01

    People with communication impairments may face barriers to civic participation, with resulting marginalisation of individuals who wish to be actively involved. The investigation aimed to explore the experience of civically engaged adults with acquired neurological communication difficulties. Six people with acquired neurological communication difficulties were interviewed. Discussion included the definition of active citizenship, their civic involvement, motivations, related barriers and facilitators. Qualitative analysis was undertaken, with data categorised, coded and examined for recurring themes. All participants were active in disability-related organisations and four undertook wider civic roles. Motivations included activity being out with the home and wanting to effect change for themselves and the populations they represented. Disability group meetings were more positive experiences than broader community activities, which were associated with fatigue and frustration, commonly resulting from communication difficulties and unmet support needs. All participants identified a need for professional and public educational about disability and communication and made recommendations on content, methods and priority groups. For these participants civic engagement had positive and negative dimensions. Speech and language therapists should promote reduction of the barriers that impede the active citizenship rights of people with communication support needs. Civic participation may be a relevant measure of outcome in communication impaired populations.

  2. Foreign language teaching and intercultural citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Byram

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In the ‘cultural turn’ which has taken place in recent decades – in theory if not yet in practice – the crucial question is ‘What should a language teacher’s aims be?’ This will be the main focus of this paper. There are however other questions which are frequently raised in the new context, questions about the relationships among ‘language’, ‘identity’ and ‘culture’. If language learning influences identity or even creates new identities, should this be one of the aims of teaching? At the same time it is important to place foreign language teaching in the wider context of all language teaching: national languages, heritage languages, and minority languages. I will attempt to take these other factors into account while addressing the main issue of teaching aims. Teachers’ aims should be both functional and educational. Language teaching of all kinds – but my main concern will be foreign language teaching as practiced in general education – should develop competence for communication and interaction whilst stimulating critical thinking and action in the world. In order to illustrate this, I will turn to some recent work which realises new theory in practice and combines the aims of language education and education for citizenship in the concept of intercultural citizenship.

  3. A New Perspective: Organizational Citizenship Behaviour and its Reflections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinem Somunoglu Ikinci

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Organizational citizenship behaviour is not only confined to the behaviours of the organizational workers in accordance with the definitions of their roles, but it also includes all the other behaviours they display on the basis of voluntariness. While displaying organizational citizenship behaviour, the workers are eager to improve the performance of their organization, behave sincerely with no expectation of an award while behaving in this way. This study aims to include organizational citizenship behaviour and its significance which has a direct effect on organizational performance and to explain its reflections by analysing its examples in different sectors.

  4. Children's participation and citizenship in a global age

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Warming, Hanne

    2011-01-01

    This article explores children’s participation and citizenship, taking its point of departure in the empirical observation of a paradox: On the hand there is a general participatory climate and a growing commitment to empowerment of children, and on the other hand some children’s experience...... rights, supplemented by a discussion of the right to care and cultural rights; and 3) Identity, theorized using Delanty’s conceptualization of citizenship as a learning process The article concludes that children’s citizenship, and the initiatives that are accounted for as facilitating their well being...

  5. Naturalisation, Desert, and the Symbolic Meaning of Citizenship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lægaard, Sune

    2012-01-01

    of naturalisation requirements as involving notions of desert and asks what these developments imply about the meaning of citizenship. Naturalisation marks the boundary of society understood as a political community, i.e. a civic rather than territorial boundary. How this boundary is policed and on the basis......The chapter considers recent trends in naturalisation legislation in Europe and what they might imply for the symbolic meaning of citizenship. During the first decade of the 21st century many European states have strengthened requirements for access to citizenship. This development has both had...

  6. CAH AMPERA: HYBRID IDENTITY OF KAMPUNG YOUTHS IN NEGOTIATING CITIZENSHIP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subando Agus Margono

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article attempts to investigate the negotiating process for citizenship of a group of youths facing entrenched social, cultural, and political exclusion. It examines the phenomenon of citizenship negotiation based on stigmatized position of exluded youths. It was found that despite overwhelming odds, the youths use their hybrid identity, which is a manifestation of cah Ampera identity. They succeed in managing the antagonism and affiliation. The citizenship of cah Ampera ismanaged through symbolic capital and action in village micro politics. Success is reflected in their ability to manage their relations with adults, employment, and their young world.

  7. Children's participation and citizenship in a global age

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Warming, Hanne

    2011-01-01

    rights, supplemented by a discussion of the right to care and cultural rights; and 3) Identity, theorized using Delanty’s conceptualization of citizenship as a learning process The article concludes that children’s citizenship, and the initiatives that are accounted for as facilitating their well being......This article explores children’s participation and citizenship, taking its point of departure in the empirical observation of a paradox: On the hand there is a general participatory climate and a growing commitment to empowerment of children, and on the other hand some children’s experience...

  8. Turkey’s New Citizenship and Democracy Education Course: Search for Democratic Citizenship in a Difference-Blind Polity?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenan Çayır

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper introduces and critically evaluates the new Citizenship and Democracy Education course in the Turkish curriculum. This course has been introduced as a mandatory subject in grade 8 per one hour a week in the 2011-2012 academic year. Following the comprehensive 2005 curriculum reform, Citizenship and Human Rights Education courses had been abolished and these themes had been distributed to the curriculum of different courses. However, recommendations of academics and international bodies such as the Council of Europe on the advantages of having a distinct course on citizenship and human rights have led the Ministry of National Education to reintroduce a compulsory course covering these themes. The new course seems to be a human rights education course with its emphasis on rights and responsibilities. It could be considered a progressive step in this regard. However, the implication that educating people about their rights could be a basis of democratic citizenship might not be realized in present Turkey where internal conflicts based on religious, ethnic and language-based differences are becoming salient. The paper argues that democratization of citizenship in Turkey requires not only an education about rights but also the questioning of the current difference-blind civic republican notion of citizenship. It draws attention to the necessity of the development of a new political framework and a related citizenship course that would allow for peaceful coexistence of cultural differences.

  9. Evaluation of mercury speciation by EPA (Draft) Method 29

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laudal, D.L.; Heidt, M.K. [Energy & Environmental Research Center, Grand Forks, ND (United States); Nott, B. [Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA (United States)

    1995-11-01

    The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments require that the U.S. Environmental protection Agency (EPA) assess the health risks associated with mercury emissions. Also, the law requires a separate assessment of health risks posed by the emission of 189 tract chemicals (including mercury) for electric utility steam-generating units. In order to conduct a meaningful assessment of health and environmental effects, we must have, among other things, a reliable and accurate method to measure mercury emissions. In addition, the rate of mercury deposition and the type of control strategies used may depend upon the type of mercury emitted (i.e., whether it is in the oxidized or elemental form). It has been speculated that EPA (Draft) Method 29 can speciate mercury by selective absorption; however, this claim has yet to be proven. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) have contracted with the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) at University of North Dakota to evaluate EPA (Draft) Method 29 at the pilot-scale level. The objective of the work is to determine whether EPA (Draft) Method 29 can reliably quantify and speciate mercury in the flue gas from coal-fired boilers.

  10. Compulsory citizenship behavior and organizational citizenship behavior: the role of organizational identification and perceived interactional justice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Hongdan; Peng, Zhenglong; Chen, Hsiu-Kuei

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the psychological mechanism underlying the relationship between compulsory citizenship behavior (CCB) and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) by developing a moderated mediation model. The model focuses on the mediating role of organizational identification and the moderating role of interactional justice in influencing the mediation. Using a time-lagged research design, the authors collected two waves of data from 388 supervisor-subordinate dyads in 67 teams to test the moderated mediation model. Results revealed that CCB negatively influenced OCB via impairing organizational identification. Moreover, interactional justice moderated the strength of the indirect effect of CCB on OCB (through organizational identification), such that the mediated relationship was stronger under low interactional justice than under high interactional justice.

  11. Assessing the Constructive Potential of Union Citizenship A Socio-Historical Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antje Wiener

    1997-09-01

    Full Text Available In European integration studies citizenship policy has not received much attention as a practice. Instead much of the literature has predominantly focused on legal assessments of Union citizenship shedding light on the limitations of supranational citizenship compared to the familiar statist concepts of citizenship. Legal approaches have thus often adopted a minimalist perspective on citizenship, establishing what Union citizenship is not leaving aside the constructive potential of Union citizenship. This paper seeks to demonstrate that a constructive perspective on the practice of citizenship facilitates valuable information about the creation of the institutionalised terms of citizenship over time. If it is true that Union citizenship is different from other types of citizenship, what is new about it? Constructive approaches suggest, that if we are to establish the dynamics which characterise Union citizenship analyses need to allow for a way of appreciating historical variability of context and contents of citizenship. To that end the major part of this paper seeks to develop a way of assessing the constructive potential of citizenship based on its newly institutionalised terms such as the shared values, objectives and regulations that have been established by citizenship policy over time. Beyond describing the emergence of EC/EU citizenship the paper promotes a systematic approach to reconstruct the policy in this supranational context. It is assumed that citizenship did not emerge out of the blue on the agenda of the Maastricht Intergovernmental Conference but that it is possible to identify agenda-setting steps in earlier stages of the policy process. If this assumption is correct, then a historical account could bring the various steps of citizenship policy which led to the history-making decision at Maastricht summit to the fore.

  12. Assessing the Constructive Potential of Union Citizenship – A Socio-Historical Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antje Wiener

    1997-09-01

    Full Text Available In European integration studies citizenship policy has not received much attention as a practice. Instead much of the literature has predominantly focused on legal assessments of Union citizenship shedding light on the limitations of supranational citizenship – compared to the familiar statist concepts of citizenship. Legal approaches have thus often adopted a minimalist perspective on citizenship, establishing what Union citizenship is not leaving aside the constructive potential of Union citizenship. This paper seeks to demonstrate that a constructive perspective on the practice of citizenship facilitates valuable information about the creation of the institutionalised terms of citizenship over time. If it is true that Union citizenship is different from other types of citizenship, what is new about it? Constructive approaches suggest, that if we are to establish the dynamics which characterise Union citizenship analyses need to allow for a way of appreciating historical variability of context and contents of citizenship. To that end the major part of this paper seeks to develop a way of assessing the constructive potential of citizenship based on its newly institutionalised terms such as the shared values, objectives and regulations that have been established by citizenship policy over time. Beyond describing the emergence of EC/EU citizenship the paper promotes a systematic approach to reconstruct the policy in this supranational context. It is assumed that citizenship did not emerge out of the blue on the agenda of the Maastricht Intergovernmental Conference but that it is possible to identify agenda-setting steps in earlier stages of the policy process. If this assumption is correct, then a historical account could bring the various steps of citizenship policy which led to the history-making decision at Maastricht summit to the fore.

  13. Assessing the Constructive Potential of Union Citizenship A Socio-Historical Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antje Wiener

    1997-09-01

    Full Text Available In European integration studies citizenship policy has not received much attention as a practice. Instead much of the literature has predominantly focused on legal assessments of Union citizenship shedding light on the limitations of supranational citizenship compared to the familiar statist concepts of citizenship. Legal approaches have thus often adopted a minimalist perspective on citizenship, establishing what Union citizenship is not leaving aside the constructive potential of Union citizenship. This paper seeks to demonstrate that a constructive perspective on the practice of citizenship facilitates valuable information about the creation of the institutionalised terms of citizenship over time. If it is true that Union citizenship is different from other types of citizenship, what is new about it? Constructive approaches suggest, that if we are to establish the dynamics which characterise Union citizenship analyses need to allow for a way of appreciating historical variability of context and contents of citizenship. To that end the major part of this paper seeks to develop a way of assessing the constructive potential of citizenship based on its newly institutionalised terms such as the shared values, objectives and regulations that have been established by citizenship policy over time. Beyond describing the emergence of EC/EU citizenship the paper promotes a systematic approach to reconstruct the policy in this supranational context. It is assumed that citizenship did not emerge out of the blue on the agenda of the Maastricht Intergovernmental Conference but that it is possible to identify agenda-setting steps in earlier stages of the policy process. If this assumption is correct, then a historical account could bring the various steps of citizenship policy which led to the history-making decision at Maastricht summit to the fore.

  14. A LAW TO CORB MONOPOLY-FINALLY?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    While China's economic system is changing, state monopolies have proven tough nuts to crack, especially in such sectors as telecommunications and transportation. Largely a legacy of the country's old planned economy, consumers too often are still subject to the poor prices and bad service that can happen when there is no competition. That situation may change. A draft anti-monopoly law has been presented to China's top legislature and experts say that, if passed, it could help bust open the persistent mo...

  15. Global city aspirations, graduated citizenship and public housing: analysing the consumer citizenships of neoliberalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dallas Rogers

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Global city discourses rearticulate the relationships between the state, urban space and the global economy. At the local level, global city reconfigurations stamp the mark of a global economic order onto local citizenship practices. Public housing is a legacy of specific national (welfare states where citizenship rights arose from territorially bound constitutional discourses, and is incompatible in its current form with the consumer-based rights and responsibilities of a global economic order. At the same time, property markets in high-value areas of cities like Sydney, Australia, see not only increasing presence of international investment but fundamental changes in planning and governance processes in order to facilitate it. Global market-oriented discourses of urban governance promote consumer “performances of citizenship” and a graduated approach to the distribution of rights, including the right to housing. In this article we explore what is new about neoliberal approaches to public and social housing policy, and how public tenants respond to and negotiate it. In Australia tenants’ right to participate in local-level democracy, and in housing management, must be reconsidered in light of the broader discourses of consumer citizenship that are now enforced on tenants as a set of “responsibilities” to the market and state.

  16. Climate conscious citizenship in a digital urban setting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Sophie Esmann; Nielsen, Anne Ellerup

    2011-01-01

    , ethical virtue and image performance. Statements from the actual confessors/committers exemplify this. Thus, the paper provides insight into understanding the complexity of climate-conscious citizenship as a complex configuration of paradoxical, co-existing ethics and arguments....

  17. [The challenges of citizenship and participation in the health systems].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serapioni, Mauro

    2014-12-01

    The themes of citizen participation and citizenship have assumed great relevance in public policy in most countries of the world. In this article, after briefly summarizing the main stages of development of the concept of citizenship, the prominence of social participation as a practice of citizenship will be depicted. Next, the potential and limits of deliberative approaches established to promote new strategies of citizens' participation in health will be analyzed. The paper will then focus on critical aspects that contribute to reducing or hindering the exercise of citizenship rights, including: the issue of representation underpinning the citizen participation methods; the issue of the influence of participatory devices in decision-making processes; and the limited experience and interest in assessing the effectiveness of citizen participation in the health sector.

  18. IEA International Civic and Citizenship Education Study 2016 Assessment Framework

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Agrusti, Wolfram SchulzJohn AinleyJulian FraillonBruno LositoGabriella

    2016-01-01

    The International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS) investigates the ways in which young people are prepared to undertake their roles as citizens in a range of countries in the second decade of the 21st century...

  19. Citizenship and Immigration Services Ombudsman 2015 Annual Report

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — By statute, the Office of the Citizenship and Immigration Services Ombudsman submits an Annual Report to Congress by June 30 of each year. The Ombudsman’s Annual...

  20. A blueprint for democratic citizenship education in South African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Erna Kinsey

    project on African teachers' perceptions on the factors contributing to good citizenship. ..... sial matters in classrooms is essential to developing authentic democratic ..... and listed and described a number of teacher-identified qualities of a good.

  1. Women in formal corporate networks: an organisational citizenship perspective.

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, Val; Vinnicombe, Susan; Kumra, Savita

    2006-01-01

    To investigate women's corporate networks, and the reported benefits for the women and their employers. To gain insight into the motivation for these voluntary activities, by drawing on organisational citizenship theory.

  2. PENGARUH DUKUNGAN SUPERVISOR DAN PEMBERDAYAAN TERHADAP ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tinjung Desy Nursanti

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Study aims to determine and obtain a clear picture of supportive supervisor, empowerment, and organizational citizenship behavior; and to determine the impact of supportive supervisor and empowerment towards organizational citizenship behavior of employees in PT Setia Makmur Cemerlang. Research used explanatory survey method, while the sample was taken from employees of the company. Research instrument (questionnaires was used as primary data collection to explain the causal relationship between supportive supervisor and empowerment on organizational citizenship behavior of employees in PT Setia Makmur Cemerlang. Analysis used simple linear regression and multiple linear regression method. Result of this study shows that there is significant influence between supportive supervisor and empowerment towards organizational citizenship behavior.

  3. Improving Organizational Citizenship Behavior based on Flow Experience

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Alecxandrina Deaconu; Catalina Radu; Alexandra Mihaela Popescu

    2016-01-01

    Building on previous research on Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) and its influence on the performance of SMEs, this article intends to expand the investigation area to the concept of Flow and its relationship with OCB...

  4. Pengaruh Dukungan Supervisor dan Pemberdayaan Terhadap Organizational Citizenship Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tinjung Desy Nursanti

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Study aims to determine and obtain a clear picture of supportive supervisor, empowerment, and organizational citizenship behavior; and to determine the impact of supportive supervisor and empowerment towards organizational citizenship behavior of employees in PT Setia Makmur Cemerlang. Research used explanatory survey method, while the sample was taken from employees of the company. Research instrument (questionnaires was used as primary data collection to explain the causal relationship between supportive supervisor and empowerment on organizational citizenship behavior of employees in PT Setia Makmur Cemerlang. Analysis used simple linear regression and multiple linear regression method. Result of this study shows that there is significant influence between supportive supervisor and empowerment towards organizational citizenship behavior.

  5. Literacy As a Stepping Stone to Environmental Citizenship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basile, Carole; White, Cameron

    2000-01-01

    Proposes four areas of emphasis for environmental education as a context for literacy: (1) basic science concepts; (2) respect for living things; (3) problem solving; and (4) environmental citizenship. (PVD)

  6. Revisioning Citizenship for the Global Village: Implications for Adult Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Elayne

    1996-01-01

    Challenges of globalization for adult education are exposing the economic core, confronting the governance structures, assessing liberal democracy, affirming the importance of the local, and caring for the cultural environment. Their common thread is citizenship. (SK)

  7. 78 FR 16754 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-18

    ...- binding principles relevant to the choice of law in international commercial contracts. The draft... Study Group on Choice of Law in International Commercial Contracts The Office of the Assistant Legal... Study Group on Choice of Law in International Commercial Contracts. A working group of experts from...

  8. Compassion, Citizenship and Education in South Africa: An Opportunity for Transformation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waghid, Yusef

    2004-11-01

    This study explores how citizenship education in South Africa is guided by liberal and communitarian concepts of citizenship. Its contention is that citizenship education, as it has evolved through policy discourses on "Values, Education and Democracy", is heavily influenced by liberal and communitarian concepts of citizenship. Nonetheless, the liberal-communitarian concept of citizenship education is not sufficient on its own to bring about educational transformation in institutions. Instead, citizenship education initiatives in South Africa need to promote a sense of compassion, motivating learners to take seriously the suffering of others. It is argued that such compassion represents a precondition of genuine educational transformation.

  9. Property Law

    OpenAIRE

    Dean Lueck; Thomas J. Miceli

    2004-01-01

    This chapter examines the economics of property rights and property law. Property law is a fundamental part of social organization and is also fundamental to the operation of the economy because it defines and protects the bundle of rights that constitute property. Property law thereby creates incentives to protect and invest in assets and establishes a legal framework within which market exchange of assets can take place. The purpose of this chapter is to show how the economics of property r...

  10. HUBUNGAN PERCEIVED ORGANIZATIONAL SUPPORT TERHADAP ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR MELALUI ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT PADA BEBERAPA PUSKESMAS DI DKI JAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalia Rafsiah Sari Sari

    2015-03-01

    relationship Perceived Organizational Support on Organizational Citizenship Behavior through Organizational Commitment. Keywords: Perceived Organizational Support, Organizational Citizenship Behavior,Organizational Commitment

  11. 77 FR 74669 - Draft and Revised Draft Guidances for Industry Describing Product-Specific Bioequivalence...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-17

    ... Product-Specific Bioequivalence Recommendations; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS... additional draft and revised draft product-specific bioequivalence (BE) recommendations. The recommendations... industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations for Specific Products,'' which explained the...

  12. 78 FR 37230 - Draft and Revised Draft Guidances for Industry Describing Product-Specific Bioequivalence...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-20

    ... Product-Specific Bioequivalence Recommendations; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS... additional draft and revised draft product-specific bioequivalence (BE) recommendations. The recommendations... industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations for Specific Products,'' which explained the...

  13. 78 FR 66745 - Draft and Revised Draft Guidances for Industry Describing Product-Specific Bioequivalence...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-06

    ... Product-Specific Bioequivalence Recommendations; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS... additional draft and revised draft product-specific bioequivalence (BE) recommendations. The recommendations... industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations for Specific Products,'' which explained the...

  14. 77 FR 10536 - Draft and Revised Draft Guidances for Industry Describing Product-Specific Bioequivalence...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-22

    ... Product-Specific Bioequivalence Recommendations; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS... additional draft and revised draft product-specific bioequivalence (BE) recommendations. The recommendations... guidance for industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations for Specific Products,'' which...

  15. 78 FR 20925 - Draft and Revised Draft Guidances for Industry Describing Product-Specific Bioequivalence...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-08

    ... Product-Specific Bioequivalence Recommendations; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS... additional draft and revised draft product-specific bioequivalence (BE) recommendations. The recommendations... guidance for industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations for Specific Products,'' which...

  16. 77 FR 35688 - Draft and Revised Draft Guidances for Industry Describing Product-Specific Bioequivalence...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-14

    ... Product-Specific Bioequivalence Recommendations; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS... additional draft and revised draft product-specific bioequivalence (BE) recommendations. The recommendations... guidance for industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations for Specific Products,'' which...

  17. European Citizenship: Conceptualisation and Contextualisation of a Construct

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendrik Jan Rebel

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article is partly based on a preparative article for the European Citizens Conference at the Romanian National University of Political Studies and Administration and some notes for the keynote speech, Bucharest, November 5, 2013. It contains an epistemological (concept formation and methodological (operationalisation approach to the construct of European Citizenship. In the epistemological part occurs a confrontation between the socio-legal conceptual development of the idea of national citizenship (400 BC – 1945 AD and the politico-legal construction of the idea of European Citizenship after 1945 until the present day. The latter gives rise to a bifurcation of the European part (the space and the devalued local part (the place, where national citizenship comes in between, such that we deal with a tripartite citizenship construct. The confrontation between these three forms is shown particularly in EU communication efforts through PR. and PD. which result in a gradual crystallization of the trend in public opinion on the citizenship idea. The epistemological developments should have an effect on the methodology of measurement, for which some indices are constructed as example. These indices form a critical counterpoint against the measurement devices in the Eurobarometers that do not reckon with other relevant disciplines besides social-psychology.

  18. Ecological Citizenship and Social Representation of Water

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Biagi

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the social representations of water in urban cultures of Argentina, placing the subject as a matter of academic and practical interest. Some questions have guided this investigation—What is water for the urban dweller? What are the actions that a citizen is willing to exercise?—A qualitative research was conducted (according to Yin’s case analysis methodology in Gualeguaychú and Buenos Aires. Following the collected data, the authors reconstructed the dominant paradigm in both cities, which was the ecocentric model. However, the acceptance of ecological values and beliefs is not an indicator of the exercise of proecological behavior concerning water. Empirical findings have guided the authors to inquire the degree of relationship between social representations and attributes of Andrew Dobson’s model of ecological citizenship.

  19. Individualism/collectivism and organizational citizenship behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dávila de León, María Celeste; Finkelstein, Marcia A

    2011-08-01

    Organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) are workplace activities that exceed an employee's formal job requirements and contribute to the effective functioning of the organization. We explored the roles of the dispositional traits of individualism and collectivism in the prediction of OCB. The relationship was examined in the context of other constructs known to influence OCB, specifically, motives and identity as an organizational citizen. A total of 367 employees in 24 organizations completed surveys measuring individualism/collectivism, OCB motives, strength of organizational citizen role identity, and amount of OCB. The results showed collectivism to be a significant predictor of Organizational Concern and Prosocial Values motives, role identity, and OCB. Individualism predicted Impression Management motives and was a significant negative predictor of a role identity as one who helps others. The findings are discussed with regard to previous research in OCB.

  20. Cidadania Sexual: Postulado Interpretativo da Igualdade / Sexual Citizenship: An Interpretive Principle of Equality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adilson José Moreira

    2016-11-01

    reverse important political victories in recent decades. This paper examines the notion of sexual citizenship based on theoretical developments in the fields of constitutional law and political science as well as in national and international court decisions about sexual minority rights. Although its significance remains concealed because of the understanding of citizenship as a mere legal and political status, this concept identifies a very relevant way of belonging in contemporary societies. Keywords: Citizenship; Sexuality; Identity; Equality.

  1. Intercultural education for citizenship in complex societies. Summary of the International Conference on Intercultural Education for citizenship.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Guidetti

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Summary of the International Conference held on 15 and May 16, 2009 in Verona. An event planned at the end of a Research Project of National Interest (PRIN designed to detect and promote the practices of education for democratic citizenship in Italian schools, following the guidelines of the Council of Europe on Education for Democratic Citizenship (EDC and using the methodologies proposed in the "Tool for Quality Assurance of EDC in schools".

  2. 《民法总则(草案)》第34、35条评析--监护执行人的撤销与恢复%A Review on Article 34 and 35 of the Consultation Draft of the General Principles of Civil Law of the People’s Republic of China---Revocation and Recovery of Guardianship Executor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李霞; 陈迪

    2016-01-01

    Guardianship revocation and recovery is a basic component and an important link in the change of guardianship. Article 34 and 35 of the Consultation Draft of the General Principles of Civil Law set up the system of the revocation and recovery of guardianship executor, but the two clauses follow the“Opinions on Guardian’s Infringement upon the Rights and Interests of Minors” and ignore the differences between adult guardianship and minor guardianship. In practice, it does not meet the needs of social re-ality and in theory, it also does not conform to the principle of guardianship. Its provisions run contrary to conventions which China concluded such as“the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities”. We should abandon the outdated comprehensive guardianship, carry out partial guardianship. We should differentiate adult guardianship from custody of minors and reshape the system of guardianship based on the dichotomy of dereliction of duty and infringement. The independent relations between guardianship revocation and the designation of a new guardian should be explicit. The subject configuration of litigation revocation needs to be readjusted, by giving the court qualification to revoke guardianship and to establish the frozen period for litigation revocation.%监护撤销与恢复是监护变更的基础内容与重要环节,《民法总则(草案)》在第34、35条设置了监护执行人撤销与恢复制度,但两个条文沿袭《侵害未成年人意见》的痕迹过重,忽略成年监护与未成年监护的客观差异,在实践上不符合社会现实需要,在理论上不符合监护原理,违背了《残疾人权利公约》等我国参加缔结的公约的要求。应摒弃陈旧的全面监护模式,贯彻部分监护理论;应区分成年监护与未成年监护的不同特点,根据失职与侵害二分法重塑监护撤销制度,明确监护撤销与新监护人指定的独立关系,调整撤销诉讼主

  3. Comments and revision suggestions on banning tobacco advertisement items of the Advertise-ment Law Revised Draft of People’s Republic of China%对《广告法(征求意见稿)》禁止烟草广告有关条款的评议及修订建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨功焕; 杨杰; 黄金荣; 万霞

    2014-01-01

    有效遏制现有的直接或间接烟草广告,贯彻世界卫生组织《烟草控制框架公约》第13条及其实施准则是修订《广告法》的基本原则。本文通过《广告法》(征求意见稿)与原《广告法》、《烟草广告管理暂行办法》和《公约》第13条及实施准则进行比较,发现《广告法》(修订意见稿)未能全面禁止所有的烟草广告,对变相烟草广告没有做明确的界定,对虚假烟草广告的限制规定不明确,对涉及烟草的促销和赞助也没有进行限制,因此无法遏制在中国大势泛滥的烟草广告、促销和赞助活动,无法满足我国履行《公约》的要求,也不能履行负责任大国对国际社会的庄严承诺。本文将对《广告法》(征求意见稿)提出具体修改建议,以实现全面禁止烟草广告、促销和赞助的目标。%When revising Advertisement Law ( AL) of People's Republic of China, a basic principal is the comprehensive banning of direct or indirect tobacco advertising and implementing the WHO Framework Conven-tion on Tobacco Control ( FCTC) . After comparing the AL Revised Draft ( ALRD) with the AL, the Interim Man-agement Regulation for Tobacco Advertisements ( IMRTA) , and FCTC article 13 and its implementation guide-line, we found that ALRD did not ban all kinds of the tobacco advertising in all public places by using different channels, couldn’t clearly define the covert and false advertisements on tobacco, so that the epidemic of tobacco advertising cannot be curbed in China. In addition, this ALRD still permits the tobacco advertising in some places, and this does not satisfy the FCTC requirement. Therefore, China cannot honor its commitments as a re-sponsible big country. According to above analysis, we proposed some suggestions on comprehensive banning all the direct and indirect tobacco advertisements.

  4. Law 302.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

    This publication outlines a law course intended as part of a business education program in the secondary schools of Manitoba, Canada. The one credit course of study should be taught over a period of 110-120 hours of instruction. It provides students with an introduction to the principles, practices, and consequences of law with regard to torts,…

  5. China's Employment Promotion Law Guarantees Right to Employment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YOU XUEYUN

    2007-01-01

    @@ China's legislature is soliciting comments and suggestions to the draft of Employment Promotion Law as an endeavor to democratize its process of legislation. Up to April 25 the National People's Congress had received over 11,000items of comments and suggestions.

  6. Advantage of a lead swimmer in drafting

    CERN Document Server

    Westerweel, J; Pennings, P; Yilmaz, B

    2016-01-01

    We present results from model tests to investigate the effect of drafting in swimming, in particular for the lead swimmer. The drag for scaled-model passive swimmers was determined accurately at Froude numbers comparable to conditions for actual human swimmers. Several positions of a draft swimmer at different separations behind and alongside the lead swimmer were investigated. It was found that a lead swimmer can experience an advantage from a draft swimmer. Several other positions of the draft swimmer relative to the frontal wave generated by the lead swimmer were also considered. These results indicate favourable and undesirable positions during passing.

  7. The Draft Directive on Consumer Rights: Choices Made and Arguments Used

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willem H. van Boom

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The 2008 proposal for a Directive on Consumer Rights (hereinafter: the Draft aims at reorganizing the acquis of four specific European directives on consumer protection into a more coherent codification of consumer rights. Specifically, it contains rules on precontractual information duties, on withdrawal rights for distance and off-premises contracts, on consumer sales and on general contract terms in consumer contracts. In replacing the four directives with a minimum harmonization character, the Draft marks a further step towards full harmonization of consumer contract law in Europe. This is an unsettling step because the level of protection offered to consumers in the Draft hardly exceeds the level of protection offered by the four directives mentioned earlier. Instead, it diminishes this protection in some regards. In light of all this, the question arises whether the policy choices underlying the Draft are, in fact, convincingly underpinned by solid argumentation. This article addresses this issue by first analyzing the Draft's use of the generic concept of “contracts between consumers and traders”. It is argued that full harmonization of a badly delineated territory is ill-advised. Subsequently, the argumentative power of the policy considerations forwarded by the European Commission in its Regulatory Assessment Study is tested. The article concludes that the Commission’s assessment of expected costs and benefits of the Draft is waver-thin and geared towards persuading the reader of the aptness of choices already made. In some respects, the evidence presented by the Commission is outright unconvincing. At certain points, the Draft even fuels the reader’s suspicion of foregone conclusions. Overall, the need for reduction of the level of protection offered by the current minimum harmonization directives is poorly argued by the Commission and appears, in a number of important ways, not to reflect the socio-economic relationships that

  8. Antecedents and benefits of corporate citizenship : an investigation of French businesses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maignan, [No Value; Ferrell, OC

    2001-01-01

    The authors first propose a conceptualization and operationalization of corporate citizenship. Then, they present an empirical study conducted among French businesses aimed at: (1) understanding whether an organization's culture affects its likelihood of engaging in corporate citizenship and (2) whe

  9. Bridging the gap between young people's civic selves and theoretical positions on democratic citizenship education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Groot, I.; Goodson, I.; Veugelers, W.

    2012-01-01

    In citizenship education, tensions exist between pedagogical goals and students’ perspectives. This article investigates the discrepancies and commonalities between the theoretical positions and young people’s lived citizenship, especially concerning their conceptual and social foundations. Two theo

  10. Antecedents and benefits of corporate citizenship : an investigation of French businesses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maignan, [No Value; Ferrell, OC

    2001-01-01

    The authors first propose a conceptualization and operationalization of corporate citizenship. Then, they present an empirical study conducted among French businesses aimed at: (1) understanding whether an organization's culture affects its likelihood of engaging in corporate citizenship and (2) whe

  11. 75 FR 21000 - Draft Guidance for the Public, Food and Drug Administration Advisory Committee Members, and Food...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-22

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration (formerly Docket No. 02D-0049) Draft Guidance for the Public, Food and Drug Administration Advisory Committee Members, and Food and Drug Administration Staff: Public...) (added by the Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007, Public Law No. 110-85), and...

  12. Citizenship: How Is It Different to PSHE and How Can It Be Done?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Paul

    2005-01-01

    At Key Stages one and two, citizenship education is described in terms of non-statutory guidelines along with personal, social and health education. Whilst PSHE and citizenship are no doubt linked, they are not synonymous. Citizenship is concerned with thought and debate in the public arena, and as such has identifiable underpinning discourses.…

  13. Citizenship ‘from Above’? The Case of Chile, 1964-2010

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Ree, Gerard

    2011-01-01

    During the last fifty years, citizenship in Chile has been re-interpreted and reformulated in different ways. By combining top-down and bottom-up approaches towards citizenship, this article argues that the reformulation of citizenship in Chile has been brought about through both state-initiated pro

  14. Citizenship ‘from Above’? The Case of Chile, 1964-2010

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Ree, Gerard

    2011-01-01

    During the last fifty years, citizenship in Chile has been re-interpreted and reformulated in different ways. By combining top-down and bottom-up approaches towards citizenship, this article argues that the reformulation of citizenship in Chile has been brought about through both state-initiated pro

  15. Citizenship ‘from Above’? The Case of Chile, 1964-2010

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Ree, Gerard

    2011-01-01

    During the last fifty years, citizenship in Chile has been re-interpreted and reformulated in different ways. By combining top-down and bottom-up approaches towards citizenship, this article argues that the reformulation of citizenship in Chile has been brought about through both state-initiated

  16. Citizenship Education Curricula: The Changes and Challenges Presented by Global and European Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keating, Avril; Ortloff, Debora Hinderliter; Philippou, Stavroula

    2009-01-01

    Citizenship education has been the subject of growing attention in policy and academic circles over the past 20 years. Citizenship education curricula have typically focused on national institutions, issues, and ties. Citizenship education has been closely bound up with the legitimacy of the nation-state, and alternative institutions and…

  17. Citizenship Education in Denmark: Reinventing the Nation and/or Conducting Multiculturalism(s)?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haas, Claus

    2008-01-01

    In 2007 the concept of citizenship was officially incorporated into teacher education in Denmark, as part of a compulsory subject called "Christianity studies, life enlightenment, and citizenship". Thus, at least to some extent, the notion of citizenship is expected to find its way into the educational and political vocabulary of future…

  18. Thinking Interculturally: Decolonizing History and Citizenship Education in Québec

    Science.gov (United States)

    DesRoches, Sarah J.

    2016-01-01

    The main objective of this article is to offer an alternative discursive framework for teaching history and citizenship education in Québec, Canada. Enabling a more inclusive discussion around how citizenship is constructed, thinking interculturally allows us begin thinking about practical ways in which citizenship and history education might…

  19. The State, Citizenship Education, and International Events in a Global Age: The 2008 Beijing Olympic Games

    Science.gov (United States)

    Law, Wing-Wah

    2010-01-01

    With reference to the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, this article shows how the Chinese state continues to be a key actor in defining citizenship and citizenship education by promoting nationalism and nation-specific elements of citizenship education while linking its people to an increasingly interconnected world. In particular, this study examines…

  20. Pipe Drafting with CAD. Teacher Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smithson, Buddy

    This teacher's guide contains nine units of instruction for a course on computer-assisted pipe drafting. The course covers the following topics: introduction to pipe drafting with CAD (computer-assisted design); flow diagrams; pipe and pipe components; valves; piping plans and elevations; isometrics; equipment fabrication drawings; piping design…

  1. Data Element Dictionary: Facilities. Preliminary Draft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Charles R.

    The draft includes--(1) comments on file structure, (2) descriptions of dictionary organization and format, (3) alphabetical lists of elements, and (4) facilities related elements in dictionary form. The data element definitions in this draft are compatible with the Higher Education Facilities Classification and Inventory Procedures Manual, which…

  2. Ecopedagogy as an element of citizenship education: The dialectic of global/local spheres of citizenship and critical environmental pedagogies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misiaszek, Greg William

    2016-09-01

    Emerging from popular education movements in Latin America, ecopedagogy is a critical environmental pedagogy which focuses on understanding the connections between social conflict and environmentally harmful acts carried out by humans. These connections are often politically hidden in education. Ecopedagogy, while being pluralistic, is in its essence defined as a critical, transformative environmental pedagogy centred on increasing social and environmental justice. Its ultimate aim is to find a sustainable balance between the conflicting goals of diverse notions of human progress and environmental wellbeing. This article is based on two comparative research projects. The first was a qualitative study on ecopedagogical models involving 31 expert ecopedagogues in Argentina, Brazil and the Appalachian region of the United States. They were asked for their perspectives on how successful ecopedagogy can be defined within the contexts in which they taught and conducted research. The second study analysed how 18 international expert scholars of citizenship and/or environmental pedagogy from six world continents regarded the ways in which citizenship intersects with environmental issues and the pedagogies of both in an increasingly globalised world, with specific focus on Global Citizenship Education. Results from the first study indicate the following two needs for effective environmental pedagogies: (1) for there to be an ecopedagogical paradigm shift in environmental teaching and research; and (2) for ecopedagogy to be an essential element of citizenship education (and vice versa). This article examines how conflicting processes of globalisation both help and hinder in achieving such a paradigm shift by decentring traditional nation-state citizenship. Results from the second study indicate how critical teaching within and between different spheres of citizenship (e.g. local, national, global, and planetary citizenship) is essential for ecopedagogy (and the

  3. Ecopedagogy as an element of citizenship education: The dialectic of global/local spheres of citizenship and critical environmental pedagogies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misiaszek, Greg William

    2016-10-01

    Emerging from popular education movements in Latin America, ecopedagogy is a critical environmental pedagogy which focuses on understanding the connections between social conflict and environmentally harmful acts carried out by humans. These connections are often politically hidden in education. Ecopedagogy, while being pluralistic, is in its essence defined as a critical, transformative environmental pedagogy centred on increasing social and environmental justice. Its ultimate aim is to find a sustainable balance between the conflicting goals of diverse notions of human progress and environmental wellbeing. This article is based on two comparative research projects. The first was a qualitative study on ecopedagogical models involving 31 expert ecopedagogues in Argentina, Brazil and the Appalachian region of the United States. They were asked for their perspectives on how successful ecopedagogy can be defined within the contexts in which they taught and conducted research. The second study analysed how 18 international expert scholars of citizenship and/or environmental pedagogy from six world continents regarded the ways in which citizenship intersects with environmental issues and the pedagogies of both in an increasingly globalised world, with specific focus on Global Citizenship Education. Results from the first study indicate the following two needs for effective environmental pedagogies: (1) for there to be an ecopedagogical paradigm shift in environmental teaching and research; and (2) for ecopedagogy to be an essential element of citizenship education (and vice versa). This article examines how conflicting processes of globalisation both help and hinder in achieving such a paradigm shift by decentring traditional nation-state citizenship. Results from the second study indicate how critical teaching within and between different spheres of citizenship (e.g. local, national, global, and planetary citizenship) is essential for ecopedagogy (and the

  4. Role of organizational citizenship behavior in promoting knowledge sharing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Dehghani

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Organizational citizenship behavior has been linked to overall organizational effectiveness, thus these types of employee behaviors have important consequences in the workplace. One of the important consequences of these types of behaviors is knowledge sharing. Thus, the current study examined the role of organizational citizenship behavior in promoting knowledge sharing. Method: A descriptive correlation design was employed in this study. We collected the data from Kharazmi University employees in city of Tehran in 2014. The statistical population consisted of 484 Kharazmi University employees from which 210 persons were selected randomly (using simple random sampling by the Krejcie and Morgan (1978 sample size determination table. Data werecollected through organizational citizenship behavior questionnaire and knowledge sharing questionnaire. To examine the reliability of the questionnaires, Cronbach alpha coefficient was used. These coefficients were 0.80 for attitude toward knowledge sharing and 0.77 for intention to share knowledge. Also, for organizational citizenship behavior it ranged from 0.71 (courtesy to 0.82 (altruism. To determine the validity, content validity method was applied. All descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson correlation and multiple regression were performed using SPSS 19. Results: The results of t-test indicated that the means of organizational citizenship behavior (mean=2.50 and all its dimensions (altruism: 2.60, conscientiousness: 2.52, sportsmanship: 2.41, courtesy: 2.49, civic virtue: 2.45 among employees were at the moderate level. The results showed that the correlation between organizational citizenship behavior and knowledge sharing was significant (r=0.50, P<0.001. Other results showed that the correlations between knowledge sharing and organizational citizenship behavior dimensions - Altruism (r=0.35, Conscientiousness (r=0.19, Sportsmanship (r=0.46, Courtesy (r=0.39, Civic virtue (r=0

  5. Timing, methods and prospective in citizenship training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessia Carta

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The current models of development are changing the balance between human activity and Nature on a local ands global level and the urgent need to establish a new relationship between Man and the environment is increasingly apparent. The move towards a more caring approach to the planet introducing concepts such as limits, impact on future generations, regeneration of resources, social and environmental justice and the right to citizenship should make us consider (aside from international undertakings by governments exactly how we can promote a culture of sustainability in schools in terms of methods, time scales, and location. Schools are directly involved in these processes of change however it is necessary to plan carefully and establish situations that will result in greater attention being paid to the interaction between man and the environment, and highlighting the lifestyles and attitudes that are currently incompatible with a sustainable future. These solutions, although based on technical-scientific knowledge, cannot be brought about without the involvement of the individual and local agencies working together. However we have chosen to concentrate on the links between educational policies and local areas interpreting declarations made by international bodies such as UNESCO and suggestions aimed at bringing sustainability to the centre of specific policies. Bringing about these aims requires great educational effort that goes well beyond simple environmental education since it requires a permanent process for educating adults. Looking at stages of the history of the theories regarding the development and education of adults shows how the topic of sustainability made its entry into the debate about permanent education and how in the last ten years it has taken on an unrivalled importance as a point of reference for educational policies and pedagogical reflection. The origin of the concept of sustainability, although belonging to natural

  6. A comparative overview of citizenship education in Cyprus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silman, Fatoş; Çağlar, Mehmet

    2010-12-01

    Cyprus is a Mediterranean island divided into two political sections. For political agreement to be possible between the North (Turkish) and South (Greek), Cyprus should give full consideration to citizenship education at schools with the aim of transmitting shared values and helping students become EU citizens. In this research, two citizenship textbooks which were designed and used for eighth grade level were examined using content analysis. One was a Greek book used in South Cyprus and the other one was a Turkish book used in North Cyprus. Both textbooks were prepared and published in the respective mainland states (Greece and Turkey) and reflected the culture of these countries. Although Turkey is a candidate state for the European Union, the Turkish book focuses on empowering local citizen identity in the nation state and does not discuss broader issues related to global citizenship. By contrast, the Greek textbook covers both national and global issues concerning citizenship. Silman and Çağlar suggest that North and South Cyprus should design their own citizenship books to promote the concepts of interdependence, multiculturalism, democracy, human rights and respect for cultural diversity. The researchers believe that this could facilitate a possible political agreement between the two sides.

  7. Science popularization and European citizenship in Poland (Polish original version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacek Piotr Szubiakowski

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The idea to link European citizenship and science education is surely new and uncommon in Poland, but we think, as SEDEC project, that can enrich both the panorama of science popularization outside and inside school system. I checked carefully curricula for every stage of school education looking for the topics concerning the developing of the European citizenship. I found that they are usually connected to the history, geography and some activities developing of the knowledge about generally defined citizenship. The spare topics connected directly to the science are present especially in grammar school curriculum. They may be divided into three groups: exploiting the common heritage, common object of interest and scientific community respectively. In that paper I would like to show how the activities in each of the group may influence the EU citizenship developing process. I am going to emphasize the good choice of science as a context or a medium for EU citizenship education. It may be an important point especially in Central Europe. Additionally I would like to present some auxiliary events that are enable through the external educational resources such as museum and planetarium.

  8. Workplace spirituality and organizational citizenship behavior: Evidence from banking industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Ghorbanifar

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the relationship between workplace Spirituality and Organization Citizenship behavior (OCB in banks located in province of Sari, Iran. The statistical population of research includes the employees of Sari's Banks including Melli, Ghavamin, Saderat, Keshavarzi, Mellat,Tejarat, Saman, Parsian, Sarmaye, Pasargad and Karafarin. We used a questionnaire with 45 questions as an instrument for collecting research data. The questionnaire was designed based on workplace spirituality (Milliman et al., 2003 [Milliman, J., Czaplewski, A., & Ferguson, J. (2003. Workplace spirituality and employee work attitudes, an exploratory empirical assessment. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 16(4, 426-447.] and organizational citizenship behavior (Podsakoff et al., 1990 [Podsakoff, P., MacKenzie, S., Paine, J., & Bachrach, D. (2000. Organizational citizenship behaviors: A critical review of the theoretical and empirical literature and suggestions for future research. Journal of Management, 26(3, 513–563.]. Findings show that there was a meaningful relationship between workplace Spirituality and Organization Citizenship behavior. The results also indicated that there was a positive relationship between work spirituality and Organization Citizenship behavior in Sari's Bank.

  9. Citizenship Policy from the Bottom-Up: The Linguistic and Semiotic Landscape of a Naturalization Field Office

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loring, Ariel

    2015-01-01

    This article follows a bottom-up approach to language policy (Ramanathan, 2005; Wodak, 2006) in an analysis of citizenship in policy and practice. It compares representations of citizenship in and around a regional branch of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), with a focus on citizenship swearing-in ceremonies for…

  10. Citizenship Education to Nanotechnologies: Teaching Knowledge About Nanotechnologies and Educating for Responsible Citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie Panissal

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available We present a research based on a project for citizenship education tonanotechnologies in a French high school which aims at teaching the specific characteristics of nanotechnologies, of their fields of application and of the controversies which are linked to them. At the junction of Socially Acute Questions didactics and of the cultural-historical Vygotskian theory, we analyze the knowledge at work in a debate on the promises and risks connected with nanotechnologies. The knowledge mobilized by the students (17- to 18 yearsold in their dialogical interactions can refer back to the archetypal narrativeswhose origin lies in men’s social and cultural history. Through the joint effect of cumulative talk and exploratory talk, the students co-construct the concepts linked to the Social Ethical Issues: risks and human enhancement. We show that the debate at school leads students to be able to construct reasoned opinion and to position themselves in their environment in a responsible way. This educational innovation appears to be relevant for combining the learning of academic and cultural contents with social competencies necessary for committed citizenship education in the field of nanotechnologies.

  11. Review: ICCS International Civics and Citizenship Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anu Toots

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available In November 2010 the largest international study ever conducted on civic education in secondary schools has been released in Brussels. The study was performed under the auspices of the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA, an independent consortium that brings together educational researchers and policy makers in 62 countries around the world. The IEA is probably more widely known in connection of large-scale comparative studies on educational assessment in math and science (TIMSS and in reading (PIRLS. Yet, the association has longstanding and impressive expertise also in civic education. The first study in this area has been carried out already in 1971 (Torney et al., 1975, the second – so called CIVED in 1999 (Torney-Purta et al., 2001 and now, ten years later, 38 counties around the world participated in the third study – the IEA International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS. The study tested in 2008–2009 over 140,000 lower secondary students, over 62,000 teachers and headmasters from 5,300 schools in order to analyse how young people are prepared to undertake their roles as citizens.

  12. The concept of citizenship in Danish public discourse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Uffe

    2005-01-01

    The article traces the uses of the concept of citizenship in Danish public discourse in light of the theoretical framework of conceptual history. The author draws upon parliamentary debates, media articles, and debates on political subjects that are part of the textual corpus that served to create......, and political participation, the Jakobsen encounters a new meaning, namely, citizenship as “free consumer choice.” This conceptual change, however, is only espoused by elected politicians, while ordinary people tend to preserve the traditional meanings of citizenship....... The Danish Dictionary in order not only to identify the different usages and conceptual changes of “citizenship” but also to identify the actors using the concept. In addition to mapping the use of “citizenship” in its traditional meanings, such as the entitlement to rights, political identity, civic virtue...

  13. Teachers' self-efficacy and organizational citizenship behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dussault, Marc

    2006-04-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between teachers' instructional efficacy and their organizational citizenship behavior. Questionnaires were sent to a sample of 1,100 French Canadian high school teachers. A response rate of 44.36% was obtained (279 women and 208 men whose mean age was 40.4 yr.) Teachers' instructional efficacy was assessed with a French Canadian version of the Teacher Efficacy Scale and organizational citizenship behavior was assessed with a questionnaire constructed for the study. Analysis yielded positive and significant correlations (rs ranging from .19 and .34, pteachers' personal teaching efficacy and organizational citizenship behaviors such as altruism, courtesy, conscientiousness, and civic virtue. General teaching efficacy was only related to sportsmanship (r=.15, p <.01). So the predictions were partially supported by the results.

  14. Reconceptualizing the social contributions of community forestry as citizenship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rutt, Rebecca Leigh

    2015-01-01

    This study proposes a more complete conceptualization of the social contributions of community forestry by employing the concept of citizenship. This conceptualization situates community forestry processes within the broader local development and institutional landscape, which promises a better...... understanding of community forestry's social contributions and role in local development. Looking at citizenship relations available with community forest user groups (CFUG) and local government in Nepal, this research shows that CFUGs offer a democracy refuge to citizens and valued services, yet that local...... government is perceived as more important. The comparison responds to debates on institutional pluralism, namely that the presence of multiple institutions appear not to 'fragment' local representation or service provision. The study also discusses how socio-economic characteristics influence citizenship...

  15. Two Sides of the Megalopolis: Educating for Sustainable Citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander POPE

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Despite widespread focus on literacy and math at the expense of other subjects, citizenship and environmental education have an important role in American public education. Citizenship and environmental education are broadly tasked with helping students develop the knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed to shepherd the body politic and natural world, respectively, into the future. For educators and administrators concerned with instructional efficiency, educational farm visits offer one means of pairing these two approaches into a unified learning experience. This paper presents findings from a qualitative case study analysis of two such programs, incorporating interviews with and observations of visiting students, teachers, and parents. The authors argue that sustainable citizenship—a typically European conception of citizenship that stresses the natural as well as the national world—is an important outcome of these types of educational experiences.

  16. Internal Affairs Sector: Towards a new Law on Police

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    Radivojević Nenad P.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available By establishing the Inspector General's Service within the Department of Public Safety in 2001, Serbia became one of the countries that have institutionalized internal control of the police. By the adoption of the Law on Police in 2005, the name of the Service was renamed in the Internal Affairs Sector. Ten years of work of the Internal Affairs Sector revealed the existence of certain problems because of a inadequate and not complete legal framework. That was, among other, the reason for initiating the adoption of the new Law on Police. This paper presents solutions of the Draft Law on Police, in part related to the work of the Sector. The Draft contains some new solutions that could improve the efficiency of the Sector, but some doubts and uncertainties still remain, that will also be explained in this paper.

  17. A model of global citizenship: antecedents and outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reysen, Stephen; Katzarska-Miller, Iva

    2013-01-01

    As the world becomes increasingly interconnected, exposure to global cultures affords individuals opportunities to develop global identities. In two studies, we examine the antecedents and outcomes of identifying with a superordinate identity--global citizen. Global citizenship is defined as awareness, caring, and embracing cultural diversity while promoting social justice and sustainability, coupled with a sense of responsibility to act. Prior theory and research suggest that being aware of one's connection with others in the world (global awareness) and embedded in settings that value global citizenship (normative environment) lead to greater identification with global citizens. Furthermore, theory and research suggest that when global citizen identity is salient, greater identification is related to adherence to the group's content (i.e., prosocial values and behaviors). Results of the present set of studies showed that global awareness (knowledge and interconnectedness with others) and one's normative environment (friends and family support global citizenship) predicted identification with global citizens, and global citizenship predicted prosocial values of intergroup empathy, valuing diversity, social justice, environmental sustainability, intergroup helping, and a felt responsibility to act for the betterment of the world. The relationship between antecedents (normative environment and global awareness) and outcomes (prosocial values) was mediated by identification with global citizens. We discuss the relationship between the present results and other research findings in psychology, the implications of global citizenship for other academic domains, and future avenues of research. Global citizenship highlights the unique effect of taking a global perspective on a multitude of topics relevant to the psychology of everyday actions, environments, and identity.

  18. Micro-citizenship, dementia and long-term care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldwin, Clive; Greason, Michelle

    2016-05-01

    In recent years there has been an increasing interest in the concept of citizenship as a lens through which to understand dementia practice. This move from an individualist, personhood-based approach towards an understanding of people with dementia as a group facing social and structural discrimination parallels, in some ways, that previously seen in the realms of disability and mental health which have sought to politicize those experiences. In so doing, the debate has sought to reconfigure power relations, insisting that members of such discriminated groups are people with power entitled to the same from life as everyone else. Much of the discussion to date has, understandably, focused on the larger issues of social inclusion, rights and responsibilities - reflecting the traditional concern of citizenship of individuals' relationship to the state or the society in which they live. More recently, there has been a move to conceptualising citizenship as a practice - something that is realised through action and in relationship - rather than a status bestowed. In this paper, we seek to contribute to the discussion by introducing the concepts of midi- and micro-citizenship, taken from organisation studies, as a further means by which to link the personal and the political, and as grounds to build citizenship-alliances between people with dementia living in long-term care (LTC) facilities and front-line dementia care staff. We will then seek to illustrate the usefulness of these concepts in understanding citizenship in practice in LTC facilities through analysis of data drawn from focus groups involving LTC staff, and interviews with family carers whose relatives live in LTC facilities. In conclusion, we will explore some of the possibilities that such an approach holds for dementia care practice.

  19. 7 CFR 1901.507 - Certificates of beneficial ownership issued by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...HA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Finance Office. 1901.507 Section 1901.507... Certificates of beneficial ownership issued by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354... its successor agency under Public Law 103-354, by a certified check or bank draft payable to...

  20. Strengthening citizenship education in secondary school: a service- learning proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángela María Figueroa Iberico

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available To form people that develop in an active and compromised way their citizenship to solve community and country problems is the objective of our present education. However some specialists observe mistakes in our civic education noticing that it needs an integral and structural change. School is the perfect place to constantly practice citizenship through the practice of values, capacities and abilities that allow students interact among them, with their authorities and with society members. In this article, it presents a service-learning proposal which links learning and solidarity service in order to apply the acquired knowledge in the classroom for community service developing competences in daily contexts.

  1. Indian citizenship and the discourse of hygiene/disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilson, Fiona

    2004-01-01

    Citizenship became conflated with 'race' in late 19th century Latin America partly on account of the new language of biological science. The article focuses on the contrast between rights of belonging and rights of citizenship as played out in the provincial town in Andean Peru. It explores how b...... by drawing on a discourse of hygiene/disease a provincial elite was able to restrict access to public space in the town and thus deny 'Indians' the possibility of participating as citizens in urban political life....

  2. Toward a Critical Stance: Citizenship Education in the Classroom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diane M. Vetter

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the author presents the argument that through the use of rich classroom talk, students can be motivated to take a critical stance on issues of citizenship, such as social justice, equity and environmental concern. Suggesting that students who are not part of the solution are, indeed, part of the problem, the author advocates giving young children a voice through the integration of citizenship education and critical literacy across the curriculum to promote student awareness and to empower students to become pro active global citizens.

  3. Secrets Law

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    Luz Helena Guamanzara Torres

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a review of the book The Law of Secrets, of the author Juan Carlos Martínez-Villalba Riofrío studying the secrets and how law does protect. To this end, the author has analyzed the general theory of secrecy, secrets and methodology, its overall rating, essential elements and their different legal dimensions, the secret as a subjective right. It also establishes that professional secrecy is protected by constitutional principles such as the right to privacy.

  4. 10 CFR 51.74 - Distribution of draft environmental impact statement and supplement to draft environmental impact...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Distribution of draft environmental impact statement and supplement to draft environmental impact statement; news releases. 51.74 Section 51.74 Energy NUCLEAR... Impact Statements § 51.74 Distribution of draft environmental impact statement and supplement to draft...

  5. 78 FR 73555 - Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill; Draft Programmatic and Phase III Early Restoration Plan and Draft...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-06

    ... Environmental Impact Statement (Draft Phase III ERP/PEIS). The Draft Phase III ERP/PEIS considers programmatic... programmatic restoration alternatives. The Draft Phase III ERP/PEIS evaluates these restoration alternatives... the Framework Agreement. The Draft Phase III ERP/PEIS also evaluates the environmental consequences...

  6. Aspects of legal communitarianism in Greece: between Millet and citizenship

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    Konstantinos Tsitselikis

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Legal and political percepts pertaining to ethnic belonging in Greece are closely linked to the ideological understanding of Greekness, a legacy of the Ottoman Greek-Orthodox millet system. Complementary to this image of the national self, minority protection law on Muslims and Jews was and still is partially formed through millet-like paradigms. Greece’s territorial expansion made all inhabitants of the annexed provinces Greek citizens en masse: in addition to those that were deemed eligible to belong to the Greek nation, Jewish and Muslim communities also acquired Greek citizenship. For these communities the self-autonomy of the Ottoman millet structure in education and religious matters was transformed into minority protection, through special rights (community schools, Moufti’s jurisdiction, Muslim foundations, military conscription attributable through religion to citizens of the state. En Grecia, la interpretación ideológica del carácter griego está estrechamente relacionada con los preceptos legales y políticos relativos a la pertenencia étnica, legado del sistema millet otomano griego-ortodoxo. Como complemento a esta percepción de la identidad nacional, la ley de protección de las minorías musulmanas y judías estuvo, y todavía está parcialmente formada por paradigmas milletianos. La expansión territorial de Grecia convirtió de forma masiva a los habitantes de las provincias anexadas en ciudadanos griegos: entre los que se consideró que reunían los requisitos necesarios para pertenecer a la nación griega, se encontraban las comunidades judías y musulmanas. En ambos casos, la autonomía en temas de educación y religión que disfrutaban dentro de la estructura milletiana de los otomanos, se transformó en protección minoritaria, a través de derechos especiales (escuelas de la comunidad, jurisdicción Moufti, fundaciones musulmanas, el reclutamiento militar atribuibles a los ciudadanos del estado a través de la

  7. Colorado's Voucher Law:Examining the Claim of Fiscal Neutrality

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    Kevin G. Welner

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Colorado's voucher law was declared unconstitutional by the Colorado Supreme Court on June 28, 2004. Voucher supporters have begun drafting revised legislation designed to address the legal problem. This article calls into question the key financial claim of revenue neutrality'a claim that was central to the promotion and passage of the departing voucher law. The author concludes that the voucher law was not revenue neutral, even though it attempts to exclude from eligibility those children already enrolled in private schools. In fact, this law, as well as any revised law with similar eligibility provisions, would actually cost taxpayers an additional $10 million per year once fully implemented because the eligibility provision provides little more than a short-term damper on the law's long-term fiscal impact.

  8. International law and global climate change

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Churchill, R.; Freestone, D. (eds.)

    1991-01-01

    If climatic change is a global problem, it can only have a global solution, which must be brought about through the development of appropriate international law. This book tackles the legal problems that are at the heart of the matter. It has chapters on the following: international law and the protection of the global atmosphere; the precautionary principle; international equity and global warming; tropical forests; development issues; the role of international non-governmental organisations; international law and sea level rise; the international legal protection of wildlife; controlling emissions of greenhouse gases; institutional and legal reponses to global warming; and the negotiation and drafting of the climate change convention. There are a number of appendices containing documents on global climate change. Seven chapters are abstracted separately.

  9. Quadrinhos para a cidadania Comics for citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Caruso

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Apresenta um método novo de trabalhar conceitos de ciências, saúde, história, sociologia, linguagem, entre outros, com jovens de escolas públicas de ensino médio do Rio de Janeiro, por meio de histórias em quadrinhos. O método baseia-se em pedagogia de inspiração bachelardiana, segundo a qual conhecimento científico e produção artística são integrados a partir do estímulo da criatividade. Mostra-se como ele é capaz de contribuir para o resgate da auto-estima do aluno e aumento de sua motivação nos estudos, e como, por intermédio do processo criativo e da valorização do espírito crítico, os jovens constroem sua cidadania, a partir de releituras e traduções de um novo mundo construído de ciências, de sonhos e de imagens, que se concretizam em tirinhas, algumas das quais ilustram o texto.A new method for working with scientific, healthcare, historic, sociological, linguistic and other concepts through comic books is presented for youth from public high schools in Rio de Janeiro. The method is based on the pedagogy inspired by Bachelard, according to which scientific knowledge and artistic production are integrated by the stimulus to creativity. It shows how it is capable of contributing to the recuperation of students' self-esteem and increasing motivation to study and how, through a creative process and emphasis on a critical spirit, youths construct their citizenship, based on re-readings and translations of a new world built of sciences, dreams and images, which are made concrete in comics, some of which illustrate the text.

  10. The hydrodynamics of dolphin drafting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weihs Daniel

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Drafting in cetaceans is defined as the transfer of forces between individuals without actual physical contact between them. This behavior has long been surmised to explain how young dolphin calves keep up with their rapidly moving mothers. It has recently been observed that a significant number of calves become permanently separated from their mothers during chases by tuna vessels. A study of the hydrodynamics of drafting, initiated in the hope of understanding the mechanisms causing the separation of mothers and calves during fishing-related activities, is reported here. Results Quantitative results are shown for the forces and moments around a pair of unequally sized dolphin-like slender bodies. These include two major effects. First, the so-called Bernoulli suction, which stems from the fact that the local pressure drops in areas of high speed, results in an attractive force between mother and calf. Second is the displacement effect, in which the motion of the mother causes the water in front to move forwards and radially outwards, and water behind the body to move forwards to replace the animal's mass. Thus, the calf can gain a 'free ride' in the forward-moving areas. Utilizing these effects, the neonate can gain up to 90% of the thrust needed to move alongside the mother at speeds of up to 2.4 m/sec. A comparison with observations of eastern spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris is presented, showing savings of up to 60% in the thrust that calves require if they are to keep up with their mothers. Conclusions A theoretical analysis, backed by observations of free-swimming dolphin schools, indicates that hydrodynamic interactions with mothers play an important role in enabling dolphin calves to keep up with rapidly moving adult school members.

  11. Human Rights, Cosmopolitanism and Utopias: Implications for Citizenship Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starkey, Hugh

    2012-01-01

    Citizenship education, defined as learning to live together, requires agreement on certain common principles. One central purpose of a state education system is the transmission of common normative standards such as the human rights and fundamental freedoms that underpin liberal democratic societies. The paper identifies the conceptual roots of…

  12. Human Rights Education in Israel: Four Types of Good Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agbaria, Ayman K.; Katz-Pade, Revital

    2016-01-01

    This article examines the involvement of civil society organizations in human rights education (HRE) in Israel. Focussing on the educational programs of the Association for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI), as a qualitative instrumental case study, this article examines the conceptions of good citizenship embedded in these programs. Specifically, the…

  13. Women's Rights to Adult Education as a Means to Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stromquist, Nelly P.

    2006-01-01

    A fundamental reason for the advocacy of women's literacy is its contribution to the attainment of citizenship, that is the claiming and use of public space and power. Following a presentation of basic trends and public policies in literacy, this article reviews the diverse theoretical understandings of literacy. It discusses normative arguments…

  14. 36 CFR 14.24 - Showing as to citizenship required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... INTERIOR RIGHTS-OF-WAY Procedures § 14.24 Showing as to citizenship required. (a) Individuals. An individual applicant applying for a right-of-way under any right-of-way act, except the Act of March 3, 1891... marital status is not required. In other cases, a married woman or widow must show the date of her...

  15. Impact of Satisfaction and Commitment on Teachers' Organizational Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sesen, Harun; Basim, Nejat H.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the impact of job satisfaction and organizational commitment on teachers' organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) in a structural equation model. The study was employed to a group of teachers and their supervisors. The results indicated that job satisfaction and commitment to the school had an impact on OCBs of the teachers…

  16. Developing "Butterfly Warriors": A Case Study of Science for Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Junjun; Cowie, Bronwen

    2013-01-01

    Given worldwide concern about a decline in student engagement in school science and an increasing call for science for citizenship in New Zealand Curriculum, this study focused on a butterfly unit that investigated how students in a year-4 primary classroom learnt about New Zealand butterflies through thinking, talking, and acting as citizen…

  17. A neorepublican cultural citizenship : beyond Marxism and liberalism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vega, Judith

    2010-01-01

    The idea of cultural citizenship is often associated with a present-day context of multiculturalism, and seen as a novel issue for political philosophy. Within political philosophy it has been mainly conceptualised within a liberal tradition focusing on (cultural) rights. The concept also features i

  18. South African Curriculum Reform: Education for Active Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Juliana; Arendse, Agnetha

    2016-01-01

    The changing societal context in South Africa (SA) has necessitated curriculum reform to deal with the challenges of education, from apartheid to democracy, with the aim of promoting active citizenship education. The aim of the paper is thus to illuminate to what extent the Grade 11 Life Orientation (LO) curriculum prepares learners for active…

  19. Intercultural Citizenship Education in an EFL Online Project in Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porto, Melina

    2014-01-01

    In this article, I describe an online intercultural citizenship experience in an English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classroom in Argentina. An action research project on the Malvinas/Falklands war fought between Argentina and the UK in 1982 was carried out in 2012. Through a comparative methodology involving Argentine and English foreign language…

  20. Teachers' Perspectives on Citizenship Education in Islamic Schools in Michigan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saada, Najwan L.

    2013-01-01

    This multiple case study examines how 4 social studies teachers in 2 private Islamic schools in Michigan understand the concept of citizenship education and the dilemmas they face in teaching for unity and diversity and in helping their students negotiate their civics identities within the American sociopolitical context. Data were collected…

  1. Autonomy and Citizenship in the Late Third Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luppi, Elena

    2010-01-01

    The research presented in this paper is focused on the concept of active citizenship in the third age. This topic has been investigated within a group of elderly people in the second phase of the third age. The research was monitored by the social services of Bologna (Italy) in a support-care project. The results gathered led to considerations on…

  2. Power and Place in the Discourse of Global Citizenship Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parmenter, Lynne

    2011-01-01

    This article critically examines the creation of the dominant academic discourse of global citizenship education, highlights gaps of thinking in the current discourse based on empirical research, and suggests some of the areas of translation/mediation/engagement that exist or need to exist in order to further research in the area. It uses a…

  3. Work Ethic and Academic Performance: Predicting Citizenship and Counterproductive Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meriac, John P.

    2012-01-01

    In this study, work ethic was examined as a predictor of academic performance, compared with standardized test scores and high school grade point average (GPA). Academic performance was expanded to include student organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and student counterproductive behavior, comprised of cheating and disengagement, in addition…

  4. Including Voices from the World through Global Citizenship Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heilman, Elizabeth E.

    2008-01-01

    Linking to voices from the world is exciting for both students and teachers, but everyone needs to understand that global education is a form of citizenship education. The activities of the nation have a great effect on people in the rest of the world, whether in the realm of economics, diplomacy, the media, or the environment. Some states, like…

  5. Human Rights, Cosmopolitanism and Utopias: Implications for Citizenship Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starkey, Hugh

    2012-01-01

    Citizenship education, defined as learning to live together, requires agreement on certain common principles. One central purpose of a state education system is the transmission of common normative standards such as the human rights and fundamental freedoms that underpin liberal democratic societies. The paper identifies the conceptual roots of…

  6. Citizenship Education as Placebo: "Standards", Institutional Racism and Education Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillborn, David

    2006-01-01

    Citizenship education is now a required component of the national curriculum that must be taught by all state-funded schools in England. It is constantly highlighted by policy makers as a major innovation that promotes social cohesion in general, and race equality in particular. At the same time, however, the government has continued to pursue a…

  7. Internal Migration and Citizenship Education in China's Shenzhen City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Wangbei

    2016-01-01

    Migration's influences on citizenship education were widely discussed in the literature. However, most studies were based on international migration that drew experience from, for example, North America and Europe. Less attention was paid to internal migration or developing areas. This article takes China as an example, which is a country that has…

  8. Faculty Understanding and Implementation of Internationalization and Global Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Cindy; McNeil, Barbara

    2012-01-01

    This paper shares insights into how university faculty understand and integrate internationalization and global citizenship ideas into their pedagogical practices. The study worked with a broad base of faculty to come to an understanding of what it means for scholarship to embrace internationalization in teaching and then to explore ways of…

  9. Ecological Citizenship and Sustainable Consumption: Examining Local Organic Food Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seyfang, Gill

    2006-01-01

    Sustainable consumption is gaining in currency as a new environmental policy objective. This paper presents new research findings from a mixed-method empirical study of a local organic food network to interrogate the theories of both sustainable consumption and ecological citizenship. It describes a mainstream policy model of sustainable…

  10. A Comparative Overview of Citizenship Education in Cyprus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silman, Fatos; Caglar, Mehmet

    2010-01-01

    Cyprus is a Mediterranean island divided into two political sections. For political agreement to be possible between the North (Turkish) and South (Greek), Cyprus should give full consideration to citizenship education at schools with the aim of transmitting shared values and helping students become EU citizens. In this research, two citizenship…

  11. Democratic Citizenship in Textbooks in Spanish Primary Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    De La Caba Collado, Mariangeles; Lopez Atxurra, Rafael

    2006-01-01

    This paper analyses how textbooks deal with the issues of education for democratic citizenship encompassed within the European framework and Spanish educational reforms. The sample comprised the 24 individual texts in social science, natural science, and technology for 6-12-year-olds. This paper delimits and defines the six themes for analysis:…

  12. Participatory citizenship: Critical perspectives on client-centred occupational therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fransen, Hetty; Pollard, Nick; Kantartzis, Sarah; Viana-Moldes, Inés

    2015-07-01

    This article aims to discuss client-centred practice, the current dominant approach within occupational therapy, in relation to participatory citizenship. Occupational therapists work within structures and policies that set boundaries on their engagement with clients, while working with complex, multidimensional social realities. The authors present a critical discussion shaped by their research, including a survey, discussions at workshops at international conferences, and critical engagement with the literature on occupational therapy, occupation, and citizenship. A focus on citizenship suggests reframing professional development based on the participation in public life of people as citizens of their society. While occupational therapists often refer to clients in the context of communities, groups, families, and wider society, the term client-centred practice typically represents a particular view of the individual and may sometimes be too limited in application for a more systemic and societal approach. The authors question the individual focus which has, until recently, been typical of client-centred occupational therapy. Placing citizenship at the core of intervention is a transformative process that assumes all people are citizens and conceives of health as a collective issue, influencing the way we educate, do research, and practise.

  13. Internal Migration and Citizenship Education in China's Shenzhen City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Wangbei

    2016-01-01

    Migration's influences on citizenship education were widely discussed in the literature. However, most studies were based on international migration that drew experience from, for example, North America and Europe. Less attention was paid to internal migration or developing areas. This article takes China as an example, which is a country that has…

  14. Assessment of the Quality of an Organizational Citizenship Behavior Instrument

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gokturk, Soheyda

    2011-01-01

    Organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) has been associated with organizational effectiveness in many studies. Therefore, it is important to learn more about how these behaviors can be improved in schools. Creating a reliable and valid measure of OCB that has conceptual equivalence across cultures is a first step in understanding and…

  15. Democratic Citizenship and Service Learning: Advancing the Caring Self.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhoads, Robert A.

    2000-01-01

    Discusses how service learning can promote the development of a "caring self" in college students by drawing on the ideas of John Dewey, George Herbert Mead, and contemporary critical theorists. Links this caring self to democratic citizenship and uses students' narratives to illustrate how it develops through service learning contexts.…

  16. International Education: The International Baccalaureate, Montessori and Global Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunold-Conesa, Cynthia

    2010-01-01

    The International Baccalaureate (IB) programs and Montessori education both claim to promote values associated with global citizenship in order to help prepare students for new challenges presented by an increasingly globalized world. While the IB's secondary programs are widespread in international schools, Montessori programs at that level are…

  17. Mediating the World: Development, Education and Global Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Matt

    2004-01-01

    Academic debate around transnational concepts such as globalization and development has not been matched by interrogation of their public roles in the "North". Despite this, a range of governmental policies are emerging in the UK focused on engendering global citizenship and educating about "global" and "development"…

  18. 49 CFR 30.9 - Citizenship: Direct or indirect control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Citizenship: Direct or indirect control. 30.9 Section 30.9 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation DENIAL OF PUBLIC WORKS CONTRACTS TO SUPPLIERS OF GOODS AND SERVICES OF COUNTRIES THAT DENY PROCUREMENT MARKET ACCESS TO U.S. CONTRACTORS §...

  19. Educating Political Adversaries: Chantal Mouffe and Radical Democratic Citizenship Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruitenberg, Claudia W.

    2009-01-01

    Many scholars in the area of citizenship education take deliberative approaches to democracy, especially as put forward by John Rawls, as their point of departure. From there, they explore how students' capacity for political and/or moral reasoning can be fostered. Recent work by political theorist Chantal Mouffe, however, questions some of the…

  20. Making Civics Count: Citizenship Education for a New Generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, David E., Ed.; Levinson, Meira, Ed.; Hess, Frederick M., Ed.

    2012-01-01

    "By nearly every measure, Americans are less engaged in their communities and political activity than generations past." So write the editors of this volume, who survey the current practices and history of citizenship education in the United States. They argue that the current period of "creative destruction"--when schools are…

  1. Ecological Citizenship and Sustainable Consumption: Examining Local Organic Food Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seyfang, Gill

    2006-01-01

    Sustainable consumption is gaining in currency as a new environmental policy objective. This paper presents new research findings from a mixed-method empirical study of a local organic food network to interrogate the theories of both sustainable consumption and ecological citizenship. It describes a mainstream policy model of sustainable…

  2. The concept of citizenship in Danish public discourse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Uffe

    2005-01-01

    The article traces the uses of the concept of citizenship in Danish public discourse in light of the theoretical framework of conceptual history. The author draws upon parliamentary debates, media articles, and debates on political subjects that are part of the textual corpus that served to create...

  3. Assessment of the Quality of an Organizational Citizenship Behavior Instrument

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gokturk, Soheyda

    2011-01-01

    Organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) has been associated with organizational effectiveness in many studies. Therefore, it is important to learn more about how these behaviors can be improved in schools. Creating a reliable and valid measure of OCB that has conceptual equivalence across cultures is a first step in understanding and…

  4. New data sources to indicate levels of active citizenship

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rosales Sanchez, C.; Craglia, M.; Bregt, A.K.

    2016-01-01

    Data availability is a general constraint in the generation of indicators for decision-making processes. Web 2.0 technologies offer new potentials of data sources (also considered as big data sources) that needs to be investigated. In our research we focus on indicators of active citizenship as a re

  5. Citizenship Education and the EFL Standards: A Critical Reflection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calle Díaz, Luzkarime

    2017-01-01

    The reconfiguration of geographical and cultural boundaries has caused a growing concern among countries in regard to raising awareness of the importance of educating people to become "citizens of the world." The language classroom seems to be the ideal place to incorporate the teaching and learning of global citizenship education, given…

  6. Developing "Butterfly Warriors": A Case Study of Science for Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Junjun; Cowie, Bronwen

    2013-01-01

    Given worldwide concern about a decline in student engagement in school science and an increasing call for science for citizenship in New Zealand Curriculum, this study focused on a butterfly unit that investigated how students in a year-4 primary classroom learnt about New Zealand butterflies through thinking, talking, and acting as citizen…

  7. Citizenship experiences of young migrants: Optimism and disadvantages

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gerritsen, D.

    2012-01-01

    This study analyses the citizenship experiences of young non-western migrants in the Netherlands. Young migrants are in a disadvantaged position in education and in the labour market and this leads to concerns about their integration in Dutch society. The focus of this study is on the participation

  8. What Is Good Citizenship?: The Story of Chiune Sugihara

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, James A., Jr.

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the author describes how he developed a lesson that asks students to reflect upon different definitions and criteria for "citizenship" and to think critically about what makes a "good citizen." The lesson uses an interdisciplinary approach that combines standards of social studies education (including basic questions about…

  9. Science Education and Education for Citizenship and Sustainable Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Ronald

    2011-01-01

    In the United Kingdom (UK) and Europe, the need for education for sustainable development and global citizenship has recently been emphasised. This emphasis has arguably found its major home in the social studies in higher education. Concurrently, there has been a decline in interest in "the sciences" as evidenced by a reduction in the…

  10. Reframing Agrarian Citizenship: Land, Life and Power in Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wittman, Hannah

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates the changing relationship between land, citizenship, and power in Brazil, where land-related policies have historically served to situate political and economic rights in the hands of an elite land-owning minority. In response, contemporary grassroots movements in Brazil, including the Landless Rural Workers Movement…

  11. How leaders' emotional displays shape followers' organizational citizenship behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koning, L.F.; van Kleef, G.A.

    2015-01-01

    We examined the effects of happy and angry expressions of leaders on followers' organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). OCB involves behaviors that benefit an organization, but fall outside of formal job requirements and reward structures (Bateman & Organ, 1983). We show that leaders' emotional

  12. Imagining Postnationalism: Arts, Citizenship Education, and Arab American Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Haj, Thea Renda Abu

    2009-01-01

    This article explores an Arab American community arts organization as a site for promoting youth civic participation and social activism. Studying a citizenship education project outside the school walls, and focusing on the arts as a medium for this work, foregrounds the role of the symbolic for engaging youth as active participants in democratic…

  13. Project Report ECLIPSE: European Citizenship Learning Program for Secondary Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bombardelli, Olga

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on a European project, the Comenius ECLIPSE project (European Citizenship Learning in a Programme for Secondary Education) developed by six European partners coordinated by the University of Trento in the years 2011-2014. ECLIPSE (co-financed by the EACEA--Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency) aims at developing,…

  14. International Education: The International Baccalaureate, Montessori and Global Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunold-Conesa, Cynthia

    2010-01-01

    The International Baccalaureate (IB) programs and Montessori education both claim to promote values associated with global citizenship in order to help prepare students for new challenges presented by an increasingly globalized world. While the IB's secondary programs are widespread in international schools, Montessori programs at that level are…

  15. "Good Citizenship" through Bilingual Children Literature: Arabic and Hebrew

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamir, Sara; Baratz, Lea

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the research has been to evaluate the contribution of the genre of bilingual literature, Arabic and Hebrew, to citizenship education. Since the Israeli society is a multicultural society comprised of both nations, Arabs and Jews who live in conflicted environment, one must regard those textbooks as civic agents. Literature is a…

  16. Cultural Citizenship and Cosmopolitan Practice: Global Youth Communicate Online

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hull, Glynda A.; Stornaiuolo, Amy; Sahni, Urvashi

    2010-01-01

    Calls now abound in a range of literatures--philosophy, education, sociology, anthropology, media studies--to reimagine citizenship and identity in ways befitting a global age. A concept predominant in many such calls is the ancient idea of "cosmopolitanism." Refashioned now to serve as a compass in a world that is at once radically…

  17. Manual de Preparacion para Ciudadania = Handbook for Citizenship Preparation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Education Service Center Region 20, San Antonio, TX.

    This handbook for Spanish-speaking immigrants studying for United States citizenship consists of a series of brief lessons on the following aspects of United States history and government: (1) the American flag, (2) Christopher Columbus, (3) the thirteen colonies, (3) the pilgrims, (4) the first Thanksgiving, (5) the Stamp Act, (6) the Boston Tea…

  18. Intercultural Citizenship Education in an EFL Online Project in Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porto, Melina

    2014-01-01

    In this article, I describe an online intercultural citizenship experience in an English as a Foreign Language (EFL) classroom in Argentina. An action research project on the Malvinas/Falklands war fought between Argentina and the UK in 1982 was carried out in 2012. Through a comparative methodology involving Argentine and English foreign language…

  19. Postmodernism, citizenship and the African predicament: a critical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    problem of the eclectic ethnic composition of these countries. That the .... to health-care systems, education institutions and the welfare state, but also ti traditional ... postmodernism, apart from feminism, appears to have dramatic influence in practical .... democracy, citizenship, etc. but multiplicities of justice, democracy anc.

  20. Encouraging Citizenship in Science Education: Continuing Questions and Hopeful Possibilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blades, David

    2015-01-01

    This special issue of the "Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education" invokes questions intended to further the discourse of citizenship in science and mathematics education, such as, How do we define "citizen" and "democracy"? Is our call for student action hypocritical? Does positioning…

  1. Practices of Citizenship Rights among Minority Students at Chinese Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Zhenzhou

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores how Chinese minority students participate and defend citizenship rights on a university campus against the backdrop of ongoing social changes. Three rights are focused on: freedom of religion, freedom of association, and freedom to use an ethnic language. The data were collected at three universities. Research methods involved…

  2. Beyond informal citizenship: the new moral economy of migrant illegality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chauvin, S.; Garcés-Mascareñas, B.

    2012-01-01

    Over the past decades, citizenship studies have explored in detail the various forms of social and civic integration achieved by otherwise illegal residents in contemporary immigration countries. While a great deal of analysis has tended to rest on a dichotomy between formal exclusion on the one han

  3. Language and U.S. Citizenship: Meanings, Ideologies, and Policies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loring, Ariel Fradene

    2013-01-01

    Citizenship is not a neutral word; it evokes numerous interpretations and connotations in various policies, discourse, and practices. Its significance is motivated by current narratives of rights and responsibilities of a citizenry, (illegal) immigration, and English-only ideologies. The basis for this investigation is the perception that the U.S.…

  4. Citizenship Education and the Preparation of Future Teachers: A Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karsten, Sjoerd; Cogan, John J.; Grossman, David L.; Liu, Mei-hui; Pitiyanuwat, Somwung

    2002-01-01

    Report of a study that examines the views of 250 future teachers of social studies regarding significant global trends, required citizenship characteristics, and educational strategies to develop such characteristics. Subjects were from China, Hong Kong, Japan, The Netherlands, Taiwan, Thailand, and the United States. (Contains 4 tables and 41…

  5. A neorepublican cultural citizenship : beyond Marxism and liberalism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vega, Judith

    2010-01-01

    The idea of cultural citizenship is often associated with a present-day context of multiculturalism, and seen as a novel issue for political philosophy. Within political philosophy it has been mainly conceptualised within a liberal tradition focusing on (cultural) rights. The concept also features

  6. Learning online community citizenship behavior: a socio-cognitive model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joe, Sheng-Wuu; Lin, Chieh-Peng

    2008-06-01

    This study postulates personal and environmental factors as key drivers of online community citizenship behavior (OCCB). OCCB reveals that the individual chooses to perform a behavior that is beneficial to others. Empirical results confirm the applicability of social cognitive theory (SCT) in online communities.

  7. The Development of Responsible Environmental Citizenship: A Critical Challenge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hungerford, Harold R.

    1996-01-01

    Traditional thinking links environmental knowledge to awareness followed by action. However, research suggests that environmental education would be more effective if based on levels of variables involved in environmental citizenship behavior: entry-level (sensitivity, ecology knowledge, androgyny, attitudes); ownership (knowledge of issues,…

  8. Fostering Global Citizenship--Tree Planting as a Connective Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haigh, Martin

    2016-01-01

    Education for Global Citizenship is about living as though the future mattered. This evaluates learner reactions to a tree-planting exercise that invites reflection upon hopes for the world, personal responsibilities and acting locally while thinking globally. Participant hopes concerned: environmental sustainability, peace on earth, then the…

  9. The Quality of Student Dialogue in Citizenship Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuitema, Jaap; van Boxtel, Carla; Veugelers, Wiel; ten Dam, Geert

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the relationship between the quality of student dialogue and students' ability to justify their viewpoints on a moral issue. A curriculum unit for dialogic citizenship education was developed and implemented in the 8th grade of secondary education. In the final lesson, students discussed a moral issue and then wrote an…

  10. Multiculturalism and Education for Citizenship in a Context of Neoliberalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sleeter, Christine E.

    2014-01-01

    Multicultural education usually arises from a concern that schools prepare young people for constructive public participation as citizens in a diverse society that is struggling with equity issues. Conventional multicultural education, which I will critique, tends to assume a liberal conception of citizenship that is based on individualism and a…

  11. Teachers from Five Nations Share Perspectives on Culture and Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunal, Cynthia Szymanski; Christensen, Lois McFadyen; Shwery, Craig S.; Lovorn, Michael; Sunal, Dennis W.

    2010-01-01

    Online discussions enabled preK-12 teachers (n = 125) from five nations (Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, and the United States) to share their perspectives of culture and citizenship and the intersections of those concepts. Discussion moved between elements of personal and others' theory into effects of theory on practice. Teachers identified…

  12. Corporations and Citizenship Arenas in the Age of Social Media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moon, Jeremy; Whelan, Glen; Grant, Bettina

    2013-01-01

    Little attention has been paid to the importance of social media in the corporate social responsibility (CSR) literature. This deficit is redressed in the present paper through utilizing the notion of ‘citizenship arenas’ to identify three dynamics in social media-augmented corporate–society rela...

  13. Draft environmental statement : Proposed Valentine Wilderness area

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document is a draft of an analysis of the environmental impact wilderness designation would pose for the Valentine National Wildlife Refuge. Topics covered...

  14. Alaska gold rush trails study: Preliminary draft

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Preliminary study draft, with maps, of seven gold rush trails in Alaska, to determine suitability for inclusion in the National Scenic Trails system and their...

  15. Information and media literacy focused on citizenship: the use of government information to participate on democracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafaela Carolina da Silva

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The Information and Communication Technologies enable the development of democratic societies when they allow access to information in different media and contexts. Hence, the access to government information is only the first step towards making people citizens, since it corroborates to the development of the democracy by allowing the population to know how to interpret and appropriate information to build knowledge. It is argued, therefore, that the process of the use of information is equivalent to the execution of citizenship, since it qualifies the individual to deal with different information transmitted by the media in the various spheres: social, political and professional. From this perspective, the present research aims to reflect on the relevance of Information and Media Competence for the construction of citizenship in democratic societies through online access to Brazilian governmental portals. The methodological procedures involve a bibliographical research about public policies, Brazil's access to information law and information competence. To be considered competent in information, the citizen must have the skills and abilities to use the information made available by the government. One thing that can not be ignored is the fact that online portals in Brazil still have obstacles that contribute to the inefficiency of political transparency in the country. Therefore, being competent in information is fundamental to appropriate the government information disclosed, making the individual critical in the selection, retention and dissemination, as well as capable of interpreting the data provided in society and the ideologies that govern the sources of information.

  16. Islamic Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doranda Maracineanu

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The law system of a State represents the body of rules passed or recognized by that State inorder to regulate the social relationships, rules that must be freely obeyed by their recipients, otherwisethe State intervening with its coercive power. Throughout the development of the society, pedants havebeen particularly interested in the issue of law systems, each supporting various classifications; theclassification that has remained is the one distinguishing between the Anglo-Saxon, the Roman-German,the religious and respectively the communist law systems. The third main international law system is theMuslim one, founded on the Muslim religion – the Islam. The Islam promotes the idea that Allah createdthe law and therefore it must be preserved and observed as such. Etymologically, the Arabian word“Islam” means “to be wanted, to obey” implying the fact that this law system promotes total andunconditioned submission to Allah. The Islamic law is not built on somebody of laws or leading cases,but has as source. The Islam is meant as a universal religion, the Koran promoting the idea of the unityof mankind; thus, one of the precepts in the Koran asserts that “all men are equal (…, there is nodifference between a white man and a black man, between one who is Arabian and one who is not,except for the measure in which they fear God.” The Koran is founded mainly on the Talmud, Hebrewsource of inspiration, and only on very few Christian sources. The Islam does not forward ideas whichcannot be materialized; on the contrary its ideas are purely practical, easy to be observed by the commonman, ideas subordinated to the principle of monotheism. The uncertainties and gaps of the Koran, whichhave been felt along the years, imposed the need for another set of rules, meant to supplement it – that isSunna. Sunna represents a body of laws and, consequently, the second source of the Koran. Sunnanarrates the life of the prophet Mohamed, the model to

  17. How Participatory Budgeting Changes the Meaning and Practices of Citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Rios Alves Nunes da Costa

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2013v12n2p301 What does it mean to be a citizen today? In an era where boundaries are being questioned, where identities are being transformed, where social and political claims are being updated from the traditional ‘recognition’ or ‘redistribution’ discourse to a more globalized discourse supported by a theoretical appeal to human rights, it is important to clarify where the ‘citizen’ stands, morally and politically speaking.This paper is supported by a a strong moral and political reading of citizenship, echoing some republican tradition where citizenship is associated with virtue; and b the assumption that there is a strong correlation between virtuous citizens and a virtuous republic or ‘democracy’. In order to reflect upon the transformations of the concept of citizenship I will look at some of the practices it involves, more precisely, I will look into the participatory budgeting experience in Portugal trying to show how the progressive implementation of such measure promises to bring Portuguese’s democracy to a new level with a more robust practice of citizenship.This paper has three moments: first, I will situate myself from a theoretical standpoint, regarding the concept of citizenship I want to defend. I will show how the way in which we conceive citizenship a will determine the forms and shapes democracy can take and b will influence the future of democracy, insofar it can contribute, enhance or undermine democratic aspirations and goals. Second, after arguing for an active sense of citizenship I will advance the argument that the future of democracy lies in participatory practices, in which the citizen plays a key role. Third, I will turn to a case study in order to illuminate my theoretical argument. Having participatory budgeting experiment in Portugal as paradigmatic case of analysis, I will identify some elements present in the Portuguese case that corroborate our hypothesis

  18. 78 FR 19062 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Public Meeting...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-28

    ... commerce), the UNCITRAL Secretariat has prepared draft provisions on electronic transferable records, which.... Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Public Meeting on Electronic Commerce The Office of the Assistant Legal Adviser for Private International Law, Department of...

  19. The Social Psychology of Citizenship, Participation and Social Exclusion: Introduction to the Special Thematic Section

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clifford Stevenson

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this special thematic section is to bring together recent social psychological research on the topic of citizenship with a view to discerning the emerging trends within the field and its potential contributions to the broader interdisciplinary area of citizenship studies. Eight papers spanning diverse theoretical traditions (including social identity, social representations and discursive approaches apply an array of methods to consider different aspects of citizenship across a variety of cultural and national contexts. Some focus on individuals’ perceptions and discussions of citizenship, others examine the group dynamics which flow from these understandings, and the rest examine the potential for citizenship to exclude as well as include marginalised communities. While diverse, the contributions share some core commonalities: all share a concern in trying to understand citizenship from the perspective of the citizen; all conceptualise citizenship as an active and reflective process occurring between members of a community; and all highlight the irreducibly social and collective nature of the experience and practice of citizenship in everyday life. We propose that these elements of convergence have the potential to give the social psychology of citizenship a solid basis and recognisable profile in order to contribute to the broader arena of citizenship studies.

  20. The possibilities and constraints of engaging solidarity in citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasiljević Jelena

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In a broader sense, this article is interested in solidarity as a politically operational concept. To be able to answer more general questions - like What does it mean to base a political community on the principles of solidarity? Can acts of solidarity be used not only to help (support others, but with the aim to change power relations and constitute new political orders as well? - we must first situate solidarity in relation to some already established frameworks of thinking about the political community. It is within theories and models of citizenship that I want to situate my exploration of the political value of solidarity in this paper. Firstly, if we want to go beyond isolated gestures and actions of solidarity, to question its general capacities for political reordering, we need to firmly anchor it in broad concepts that capture the ideals and visions of political community. Without a doubt, citizenship is one such concept. Secondly, there is hardly a theory or approach to citizenship that does not presuppose some aspects of solidarity as foundational. Finally, and closely related to the previous point, citizenship and solidarity, although often conceptually intertwined, form a paradoxical duo, reflecting further potential paradoxes that may arise from endeavours to engage solidarity as a political principle. In short, citizenship is a simultaneously inclusive and exclusive notion, incorporating the idea that some sort of boundary encircles a body of citizens (most often, but not exclusively, nation-state boundaries, despite the fact that solidarity loses much of its meaning when expected to operate and be exercised within certain imposed limits.