WorldWideScience

Sample records for cities and towns

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages, Towns, Published in 2001, Freelance.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2001. It is described as 'Towns'. Data by this publisher...

  2. City and Town Halls; townHalls13

    Data.gov (United States)

    University of Rhode Island Geospatial Extension Program — Locations of city and town halls in Rhode Island. Derived using information originally compiled by the State of Rhode Island (http://www.ri.gov), and built upon...

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Point locations of cities and towns in Arizona., Published in 2006, Arizona State Land Department.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of 2006. It is described as 'Point locations of cities and towns in Arizona.'. Data by this publisher are often provided...

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages - City Limit (polygon)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Data available online through GeoStor at http://www.geostor.arkansas.gov. Arkansas Cities: This data set contains all of the city limit boundaries within the state...

  5. Cities and Towns of the United States - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. A city or town is a place with a recorded population,...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, City Limits of City of Dubuque, IA, Published in 2007, City of Dubuque.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It is described as 'City Limits of City of...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in unknown, SWGRC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of unknown. Data by this publisher are often provided...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in unknown, Monroe County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of unknown. Data by this publisher are often provided in NAD_1983_HARN_WISCRS_Monroe_County_Feet coordinate system; in a...

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2005, WTH Technology, Inc..

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2005. Data by this publisher are often provided in UTM...

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, County subdivisions, Published in 2006, Freelance.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006. It is described as 'County subdivisions'....

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Towns and cities, Published in 2004, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Washington County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2004. It is described as...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated cities and towns in Madison County, Georgia, Published in 2006, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Northeast Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale as of 2006. It is described as 'Incorporated cities and towns in Madison County,...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, cities of reno & sparks, Published in 2006, Washoe County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006. It is described as 'cities of reno in a...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, CityBnd, Published in 2008, Millard County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as 'CityBnd'. Data by this publisher are...

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, cities83, Published in 2008, Duchesne County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as 'cities83'. Data by this publisher are...

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, towns, Published in 2004, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Washington County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2004. It is described as...

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated cities and towns in Walton County, Georgia, Published in 2007, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Northeast Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It...

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, Current boundaries of cities and towns within Iredell County, NC, Published in 2009, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Iredell County GIS.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated cities and towns in Oconee County, Georgia, Published in 2006, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Northeast Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006. It...

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated cities and towns in Jasper County, Georgia, Published in 2006, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Northeast Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006....

  1. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Cities and Towns of the United States 201403 Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. A city or town is a place with a recorded population,...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, towns, Published in 2009, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Aspen & Pitkin County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  3. The Promise and Perils of the Island City of George Town (Penang as a Creative City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suet Leng Khoo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The peripheral and semi-peripheral roles of islands are being challenged and contested as contemporary island cities assume positions as engines of growth and become centres of progress for driving economic development. Notably, island cities around the globe have become instrumental in shaping and influencing the dynamics of urban development as cities now compete with each other to strategically position themselves in today’s competitive global economy that leverages creativity and innovation. Particularly in a creative economy, the availability, quantity, and quality of unique cultures; creative talents; and creative/cultural industries within a city are differentiating and determining factors that can boost a city’s position and subsequently spur economic growth and progress. Against this backdrop, this paper explores the position of the island city of George Town (Penang en route to becoming a Creative City. This paper highlights the island’s urban dynamics as well as discusses the promise and perils of transforming George Town into a Creative City in its own right.

  4. Coastal Waste Transport in Catbalogan City, Philippines and Nearby Towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronald L. Orale

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available More than half of Catbalogan barangays (villages are situated along the Maqueda Bay, the primary source of food for Samariños (people of Samar. Sixty percent of these coastal barangays have no direct access to waste disposal facilities such as garbage trucks and landfill. Almost 50% of domestic waste from these barangays is thrown directly to the sea, while 22% partly dispose their waste into Maqueda bay or a total of 7201 kg of waste daily. An improvised 3-dimensional micro-model shows how wastes are transported from one barangay to the other. The waste transport goes beyond barangay boundaries for many of waste travel to the coast of other municipalities and probably to other provinces. Approximately about 33% of fresh wastes float and are transported to other places, most of the remaining waste rot onsite making the site dark, dirty and has foul smell. Waste disposal practices of coastal towns/cities affects each other, therefore proper waste disposal practices must be widely practiced.

  5. Sustainability and cities: a proposal for implementation of a sustainable town.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guimarães, L B de M

    2012-01-01

    This article presents a literature review on the concept of sustainability applied to cities and a proposal for transforming a town in the south of Brazil into a sustainable town. Improvements in energy, sanitation, waste and water conditions, as well as food, clothing, education and jobs generation were considered to enhance the citizen's quality of life and environmental protection.

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, city boundries, Published in 2007, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Rice County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, cities, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, city boundaries, Published in 2008, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Harper County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of 2008. It is described...

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, Corporate limits, Published in Not Provided, Benton County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of Not Provided. It is described as 'Corporate limits'. Data by...

  10. Countermeasures for Development and Present Situation of Chives in Xiaogang Town, Xiaogan City, Hubei Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yue; CHEN; Chunfu; XIE; Hongping; LIU; Huashu; LIU; Jian; WANG; Ming; ZHENG; Ju; YUE; Changbing; LIU; Dan; LIU; Hanhua; TANG; Yuchao; PENG; Yonggang; NIU; Ke; HU

    2013-01-01

    Through the overview of main problems existing in chives production, its current situation and history, the thesis puts forward countermeasures for developing chives industrialization in Xiaogang Town, Xiaogan City.

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, Southwest Georgia RDC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of Not Provided. Data by this publisher are often provided...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, Hubie's School of Learning.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of Not Provided. Data by this publisher are often...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, La Paz County Community Development.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of Not Provided. Data by this publisher are often provided in...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Political townships, USPLS townships, Published in 2008, Harrison County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of 2008. It is described as 'Political townships, USPLS townships'. Data by this publisher are often provided in State...

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, Bridgeland694, Published in 2002, Duchesne County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2002. It is described as 'Bridgeland694'. Data by this publisher...

  16. Cities and Towns of the United States - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities in the United States, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. These cities were collected from the 1970 National Atlas of the United...

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, City parcels, Published in 2010, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, City of Taylor, Texas.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010....

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, town points 1, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, town lines 1, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  20. Global Map: Cities and Towns of the United States - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes Global Map data showing cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The data are a modified version of...

  1. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Global Map: Cities and Towns of the United States 201403 Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes Global Map data showing cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The data are a modified version of...

  2. Paired Border Towns or TwinCities from Finland and China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Riitta Kosonen; Xu Feng; Erja Kettunen

    2008-01-01

    This paper discusses cross-border cooperation at the level of urban socio-economic systems.Worldwide,cross-border urban cooperation has in several cases produced socio-economic and political coherence supported by various joint programs and efforts.However,the degree of coherence varies and seldom creates socio-economically and politically tightly integrated "TwinCities" where the state border becomes highly transparent or obscure.Focusing on Finland and China,our aim is to identify whether the selected border towns represent coherent TwinCities or a more loose type of "paired border towns".The study uses an empirical examination of three Finnish towns (Helsinki,Tomio,Imatra) and their neighboring towns in Estonia,Sweden,and Russia as a benchmark.Then,a comparative study is made regarding three Chinese eross-border cities facing Russia,Vietnam and Kazakhstan.We highlight the differences in cross-border integration from the viewpoint of shared public sector programs,cross-border enterprise relocation and networking,and integrated social sector in terms of labor market,education and shopping area.

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated town boundaries for all towns in the counties we serve., Published in 2000, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Prairie Land Electric COOP, Inc..

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2000. It...

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2010, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Wood County Planning and Zoning.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. Data...

  5. Influence of seismicity parameter uncertainty on seismic hazard estimation of cities and towns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄玮琼; 吴宣

    2003-01-01

    The influence on seismic hazard estimation for 310 cities and towns in the whole nation are studied in particular,owing to uncertainty of seismicity parameters caused by non-uniqueness in selecting statistical time ranges. Andthe regional sketch maps of the average varying values of intensity and the average relative varying values of peakacceleration with different probability of exceedance in 50 years are drawn in the Chinese mainland.

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, City, Town , Village Boundaries from Tax Parcel data & boundary surveys, Published in unknown, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Columbia County Wisconsin Land Information Department.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of unknown....

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, muncipality, Published in 2007, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Door County, Wisconsin.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, municipality shapefile, Published in 2007, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Door County, Wisconsin.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It...

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 1997, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Murray county Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1997. Data...

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, North Georgia Regional Development Center.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008. Data...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Columbus County Tax Office.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2008. Data by this...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, annexation policy, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 1993, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Avery County, NC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 1993. Data by this...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Township Boundaries, Published in 2008, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Phillips County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2008. It is described...

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, all, Published in 2008, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, Price County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale as of 2008. It is described as 'all'. Data by this publisher are often provided in State...

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, 1884 Land & Cattle Company.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of 2008. Data by...

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, INDOT.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of Not Provided. Data...

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, annexation, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2010, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, Henry County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. Data...

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, Municipal Boundaries, Published in 2013, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Brown County, WI.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2013. It...

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2013, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Dane County Land Information Office.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2013. Data...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, Hamilton, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Lumpkin, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, Cuthbert, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  5. Cities, Towns and Villages, Shiloh, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2007, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Civil & Environmental Consultants, Inc..

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of 2007. Data by this...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Minor Civil Divisions, Published in 2008, 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, Monroe County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008. It...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, municipality anno, Published in 2009, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Washington County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2009. It is described as...

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, municipalites, Published in 2009, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Washington County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2009. It is described as...

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, Cusseta, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Georgetown, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, Richland, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, Columbus, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Talbotton, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, Woodland, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2009, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Jasper County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2009. Data by this...

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2010, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Heart of Georgia Altamaha RC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010....

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, municipal topology, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2009, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Wood County Planning & Zoning.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009....

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2010, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, Forest Hills High School.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2010. Data by this...

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages, k-boundary, Published in 2005, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Iron County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2005. It is described as...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2003, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Greenwood County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2003. Data by this...

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 1998, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Greenwood County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1998....

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2010, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Sauk County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2010. Data by this...

  5. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2011, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Sauk County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2011. Data by this...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2009, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Wilkes County Assessors' Office.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2009. Data by...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2006, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Washoe County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006. Data...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, Cities of Phillips County that are coroprated and unincorporated, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Phillips County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2008. It is described...

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, City and Village boundaries., Published in 2007, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Trempealeau County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It...

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated Places (City Boundaries), Published in 2008, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Phillips County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2008. It is described...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Junction City, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, City limits, Published in 2010, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Effingham County Board Of Commissioners.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. It...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, Jurisdictional Townships created for Taxing Districts, Published in 2010, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, City of Emporia/Lyon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. It...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, City Boundaries by Allied, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Norton County Appraisal Office.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008. It...

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, City Limit Boundary; created at County level and provided to us; City does not create the boundary, Published in 2008, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, City of Benson, Arizona.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  16. RESEARCH ON BUILT ENVIRONMENTFORM IN CITY AND TOWN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙洪刚

    2001-01-01

    Aimed at the fading environment characteristics with globalization, this paper provided a new solution based on the conclusion of practical survey. The following steps are emphasized in the new methods:① the idea of holistic thinking;② the quantitative approach; and ③ the mixed development.

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, Rhode Island State, Coastline and Town Boundaries; ritown5k; Political boundary lines for Rhode Island municipalities with city and town feature attributes and name annotation including physical shoreline features for bay and coastal waters, Published in 2001, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2001. It is described...

  18. Cities, Towns, Villages with 1990 Census Population (GNIS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data set contains points for 1600 populated places, cities and towns, in New Mexico. The points were generated from latitude and longitude coordinates contained...

  19. The fragmented and diffuse city Today: From the emotional city to the town of satisfaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Román-Alcalá

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article is not an attempt to return to old positions; it does not seek the lost paradise of feelings and sentiments that comprehend human relationships, but it does hope to scratch below the surface of consumption that shrouds the city today. Since the time of the ancient Greeks, one of the fundamental aims of philosophers has been to attain happiness. Today, however, that purpose is threatened. Happy people do not consume, but suffering, what is known in the advertising jargon as "post-shopping depression" has become the raw material for consumption.

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, Unincorporated communties and towns within Sedgwick County. Includes burgs such as Peck and Furley. Used primarily to support Public Safety map rolls., Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Sedgwick County, Kansas.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008. It...

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages, City Limit Boundaries for Lyon County Incorporated Communities, Published in 2011, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Emporia/Lyon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2011. It...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, City limit Boundaries for Lyon County Incorporated Communities, Published in 2011, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Emporia/Lyon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2011. It...

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Unincorporated township boundaries for all towns in the counties we serve., Published in 2003, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Prairie Land Electric COOP, Inc..

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2003. It is...

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, Municipal Boundaries and Annexations, Published in 2008, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, St Louis County Office of Emergency Management.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008. It...

  5. Cities, Towns and Villages, Public Land Survey System, Published in 2005, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Door County, Wisconsin.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2005. It...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, Municipal-The data set is a polygon feature consisting of 53 segments representing municipal boundaries., Published in 1991, Davis County Utah.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1991. It is described as 'Municipal-The data set...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Subdivision-The data set is the subdivision polygon consisting of more than 3727 subdivisions., Published in 2005, Davis County Utah.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of 2005. It is described as 'Subdivision-The data set is...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, used gps to obtain data, Published in 2005, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Apache County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of 2005. It is...

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2012, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, DeLaney Hartburg Roth & Garrott LLP.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2012. The extent of these...

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, Douglas_County_Townships, Published in 1988, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Douglas County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1988. It...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Richland Co MCD Boundaries, Published in 2005, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, MSA Professional Services.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2005. It...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, All Township Boundaries within Walworth County, Published in 2005, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Walworth County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2005. It...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, All municipal boundaries for Walworth County, Published in 2013, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Walworth County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2013. It...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Fort Gaines, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, Boundary file for the only two incorporated municipalities in Park County., Published in 2008, Park County GIS Department.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008. It is described as 'Boundary file for the...

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, Waverly Hall, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, Minicipal & County Boundaries, Published in 2010, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Washington County Tax Assessors.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2010. It...

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, La Paz County Community Development.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of Not Provided. Data...

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, Civil Boundaries, Published in 1997, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Lafayette County Land Records.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1997. It...

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, Parcel Map Workfiles, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Lafayette County Land Records.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008. It...

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages, cvtbnd-Castle Valley Bnd, Published in 2004, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Grand County Road Department.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2004. It is described as...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, 2 foot contours countywide, Published in 2011, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Sauk County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from LIDAR information as of 2011. It is described as...

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Municipality Regions, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Lafayette County Land Records.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008. It...

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, SubdivisionBndryAnno-The data set is the subdivision boundary text., Published in 1998, Davis County Utah.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of 1998. It is described as 'SubdivisionBndryAnno-The data...

  5. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Cities and Towns of the United States 200402 Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities in the United States, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. These cities were collected from the 1970 National Atlas of the United...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, Recorded Subdivision boundaries, blocks and lots within the County and Cities of Phillips County, Published in 2008, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Phillips County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, City limit boundaries for all municipalities in Ben Hill, Brooks, Cook, Echols, Lanier, Irwin, Lowndes, Tift and Turner Counties., Published in 2010, 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, Southern Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. It...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, City boundary layers for Byron and Fort Valley Georgia as part of the GIS basemap at the Peach County Tax Assessor's office., Published in 2006, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Peach County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2006. It is described as...

  9. The Proposal of rules of designing web sites for cities and towns of ČR and assessing chosen towns according to them

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this bachelor thesis is to put together rules for town website designing. The thesis also contains analysis and comparison of websites according to criterions deducted from the rules of designing.

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, City Boundaries from the Los Angeles County Assessor's Office matches the parcel boundaries, Published in 2007, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, County of Los Angeles.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Effingham County City Boundaries...updated when annexations are adopted by municipalities, Published in 2010, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Effingham County Board Of Commissioners.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. It...

  12. Study on agricultural structure and non-point source pollution: a case in Dapu Town of Yixing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiang Dongmei; Wang Xiyuan; Liu Minghui; Lu Genfa

    2006-01-01

    The water body of Taihu Lake has been eutrophicated because of area-source pollution. 83% of the total nitrogen and 84% of the total phosphorus of the pollutant that have washed into Taihu Lake originated from the fertilizer of crop land, rural animal husbandry and living sewage and rubbish in rural area. The goal of adjusting agricultural structure is to improve agricultural development, and to increase the peasants income by planting non-grain crop,centralizing animal husbandry, and intensifying aquaculture, etc, It is necessary to research on the influences of agriculture industrial structure on area-source pollution, This paper studies a case of Dapu Town in Yixing City, which is a typical drainage place beside Taihu Lake. On the basis of the analysis on the status quo of area-source pollution and agriculture industrial structure in Dapu Town, the conflicts between them are discussed. Non-grain crop production with a great deal of fertilizer and developing aquaculture with a great deal of organic pollutant, which are directly discharged,make area-source pollution more serious and accelerate the eutrophication in Taihu Lake. This paper suggests taking corresponding technological measures and policies, which have been tested in Dapu Town and demonstrated in Taihu Lake area.

  13. Spatial difference features and organization optimization of cities and towns in Tarim River Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    This paper analyzes the urban spatial structure of Tarim River Basin from the perspectives of urbanization, urban density, grading scales and spatial evolution patterns, using geographical theories and methods, such as fractal theory, principle component analysis, urbanization imbalance index, urban scale imbalance indicator, and urban spatial interaction. The results show that the urban spatial structure displays balanced distribution in the overall pattern, while an imbalanced distribution in each region. The development of town pattern tends to be gathering to the central towns in the oasis of Tarim River Basin and a development axis has begun to form along the southern Xinjiang railway. Based on the division of urban hinterland, and the development characteristics of oasis economy, this paper puts forward an urban spatial organization model. This model uses "breakpoint model" and divides Tarim River Basin into five urban clusters: Korla urban cluster, Kuqa urban cluster, Aksu urban cluster, Kashgar urban cluster and Hotan urban cluster. As a conclusion, this article puts forward an overall framework of urban spatial organization in Tarim River Basin: "one axis, double core, and five groups".

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Municipal boundaries for an eleven county region (Cumberland, Hoke, Scotland, Richmond, Montgomery, Moore, Lee, Harnett, Sampson, Bladen, Robeson). Data from county or directly from a town/city. Data combined into a single layer., Published in 2007, NC Dept of Commerce - DCA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2007. It is described as 'Municipal boundaries for an eleven county...

  15. [MALARIA IMPORTATION BY RUSSIA'S CITIZENS AND FOREIGNERS, INTO THE CITIES AND TOWNS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baranova, A M; Guzeeva, T M; Ivanova, T N; Tanygina, E Yu; Morozova, L F

    2016-01-01

    A total of 436 malaria cases, including 12 from the CIS countries and 424 from far foreign countries (of Africa and Central and South-East Asia), were imported into the Russian Federation in 2010-2014. Most (96.6%) cases were notified in the urban areas of 52 administrative subjects of Russia. The largest number of the imported cases were seasonal workers (39.2%), tourists (31.3%), students and foreign postgraduate students (19.5%), and ship or aircraft crews (10%). During a short malaria transmission season (June to August), there were 150 cases of different types, out of them there were only 63 cases of tertian malaria (its pathogen is Plasmodium vivax, to which malaria mosquitoes of Russia's fauna are susceptible). The relatively small number of infection sources in the short transmission (June to August) season of malaria, its importation into low-susceptibility large towns, and a small proportion of imported vivax malaria cases substantially reduce the risk of malaria in the highrisk areas of the country.

  16. Expansion Strategy of Agricultural Industrial Chain of Suburban Villages and Towns in the Process of Urbanization——A Case Study of Yongle Town in Nanming District of Guiyang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of introducing the connotation of agricultural industrial chain, taking Yongle Town in Nanming District of Guiyang City as an example, this paper analyzes the advantages and constraint factors of the suburban villages and towns in the process of expanding agricultural industrial chain in the context of urbanization. Corresponding strategies of expanding the agricultural industrial chain of Yongle Town in the process of urbanization as follows: vigorously develop the leading enterprises; strengthen the construction of farmers’ specialized cooperatives and agricultural associations; build and perfect agricultural industrial chain organizations; set up the public information platform; rely on the food industrial park to propel the deep processing of agricultural products; vigorously develop the logistics of agricultural products; promote the development of operation model of "brand+ standard+ scale"; vigorously develop ecology-oriented rural tourism; give full play to the functional role of the government.

  17. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Global Map: Cities and Towns of the United States 201403 FileGDB 10.1

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes Global Map data showing cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The data are a modified version of...

  18. Bricolage: Re-Discovering History through Intermediality and Performance. A Report on the UCT/CityVarsity Production of "A Day, Across" at the Cape Town Fringe 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muftic, Sanjin

    2016-01-01

    "A Day, Across," performed by the CityVarsity School of Creative Arts at the Cape Town Fringe 2014, was a student production that investigated the link between the youth of South Africa and the centennial of the start of World War I. This paper presents a brief analysis of the rehearsal process as well as certain performance sequences in…

  19. [Cities and towns of Perigord and Pays de Brive: functional and demographic approach (third quarter of the twentieth century). Part 3. Demographic growth and its components].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genty, M

    1981-01-01

    This is the third in a series of articles based on the author's thesis. In the present article, demographic growth and its components are examined for the cities and towns in the French regions of Perigord and Pays de Brive over the period 1954-1975. Particular attention is given to the impact of migration, and trends in age structure and socio-occupational composition are discussed.

  20. Integrated rapid transport: is the city of Cape Town utilising its full potential? / M. Strydom

    OpenAIRE

    Strydom, Mari

    2010-01-01

    The spatial structure of Cape Town is characterised by segregated low density development patterns and urban sprawling. With a high population growth rate and urbanisation, these patterns are becoming more prominent. Due to the spatial nature of Cape Town, a large proportion of economic activities and employment opportunities are concentrated in patches across the city. In order to combat low-density sprawl and integrate spatially separated areas the key concept ?city densification? and the v...

  1. Full scale application of combined SBF- AS process for municipal wastewater treatment in small towns and cities in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Shuo; WANG Bao-zhen; WANG Lin; DING Yong-wei; ZHOU Hong-jun

    2006-01-01

    The combined submerged biofilm (SBF)-activated sludge (AS) process for treatment of municipal wastewater in a small city in China is described in this paper. The process exhibited high removal efficiencies for carbonaceous substances, nitrogen and phosphorus which mainly took place in the combined SBF-AS bioreactor. The SBF-AS bioreactor was divided into pre-anoxic, anaerobic, anoxic and aerobic zones from inlet to outlet, in which fixed biofilm carriers were packed. Excellent performance had been obtained under normal operating conditions in more than one year of operation in Dong' e municipal WWTP, Shandong province, with mean removal efficiencies of BOD5 93.4% , COD 88% , SS 92% , NH4+ - N 82.1% , TP 75% and TN 66. 7%, and quite high effluent quality such as BOD5 6 to 10 mg/L, COD 20 to 40 mg/L, SS 5 to 10 mg/L,TN 10 to 20 mg/L, NH4+ - N 4 to 8 mg/L and TP 0.6 to 1.0 mg/L. The effluent was reused multi-purposely,such as toilet flushing, green belt watering and artificial lake pounding. Simultaneous nitrification and denitrification took place due to the DO gradient in biofilm in aerobic zone of the SBF-AS bioreactor, which made TN removal efficiency improved remarkably in system. Some activated sludge was returned from final clarifiers to the bioreactor for phosphorus removal. The process had the advantages of low investment and low operational/maintenance (O/M) costs, low sludge yield and was preferably employed in small towns and cities.

  2. New town development in an entrepreneurial city : the case of Shanghai

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Jie; 李劼

    2015-01-01

    The new town programme has been a widely adopted urban development strategy since the post-2000s in large Chinese cities such as Beijing and Shanghai. This study argued that the current trends of new town development in China need to be understood in light of its own political economy and urban contexts, particularly China’s shift to a socialist-market economy, participation in the global economy, and the rise of Chinese entrepreneurial cities. Using two new towns in Shanghai as case studies,...

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Civil Townships for joining with available demographic data, Published in 2006, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Indiana Business Research Center (IBRC), Indiana University.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2006. It...

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, Census Municipal Boundaries for joining with available demographic data, Published in 2006, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Indiana Business Research Center (IBRC), Indiana University.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2006. It...

  5. Cities, Towns and Villages, http://www.waukeshacounty.gov/page.aspx?SetupMetaId=11372&id=12036, Published in unknown, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Waukesha County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of unknown. It is...

  6. Partnering for Economic Development: How Town-Gown Relations Impact Local Economic Development in Small and Medium Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massey, Jennifer; Field, Sean; Chan, Yolande

    2014-01-01

    Universities play an increasingly prominent role in shaping regional, social, and economic development. In Canada, however, spatial, economic, and social differences between universities and their host communities continue to challenge positive town--gown relationships and undermine the benefits associated with high concentrations of prospective…

  7. A Comparison of Tuition Disparities among City, Suburban, Town, and Rural Public Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glover, Louis Charles

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine differences in tuition rates and college affordability indexes (CAIs) between and among U.S. public community colleges formulated upon urbanization criteria extracted from the Integrated Post Secondary Data System (IPEDS) maintained by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), which operates…

  8. Preliminary Analysis on Environmental Impact of Relocation of Cities and Towns in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region%三峡工程库区城镇迁建环境影响初步分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUE; Lian-fang

    2001-01-01

    At the normal pool level of 175 m, the inundated areas of the Three Gor ges Reservoir involve 2 cities, 11 county seats and 140 towns. The population o f the cities and towns under the inundated line totals 393 000 people(1985). The se affected cities and towns will be rebuilt by means of moving back ward to a higher elevation or to other places.The cities and towns to be relocated are the regional political, economic and cu ltural centres, and serve as traffic complexes and places of goods gathering and dist ributing. They are also the seats containing some important cultural re lics and historic sites, landscaping and scenic spots. The relocation of the cit ies and towns will generate far-reaching impacts on regional socio-economy and e nvironment. The unreasonable excavation and fill or the improper protective meas ures adopted may induce land slide,collapse and soil loss. The ruins a nd wastes will affect the water quality in the early period of impoundment of th e Three Gorges Reservoir. A large demand of timber may result in forest fa ll excessively in the local area of the reservoir region, and lower forest and vegetation coverage rate may lead to soil loss. The relocation of the cities an d towns will increase urbanization in reservoir, improve the infrastructure, enh ance their location function and economic radiation capacity. The negative impa ct will r each its maximum during relocation peak period, and the environmental quality wi ll be progressively improved with the recovery of the functions of the relocated cities and towns and the implementation of environmental protection measures. F inally, the negative impact will be offset, and the negative impact will be chan ged into positive environmental elements.

  9. Study tours. Come and get a whole set of ideas in 14 european towns and cities; Study tours. Venez faire le plein d'idees neuves dans 14 villes d'Europes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    The European towns and cities which have been selected by Energie-Cites are all members of Energie-Cites and have for many years been involved in innovative projects in the field of energy (energy efficiency, renewable and distributed energy). To acquire a better understanding of how these projects came into being and, why not, use them as a source of inspiration for a municipality? During two days, Energie-Cites proposes to take deciders to the city of their choice. Tours include site visits as well as meetings with local political and technical stakeholders. These study tours are specifically intended for elected representatives and municipal officers in charge of energy matters, Local Agenda 21, town planning and environmental issues (30 persons as a max. per visit). A 14 typical visit is provided for each town or city, in this document. (A.L.B.)

  10. 42 Aluminum Plants Closed at Dali Town,Foshan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>According to domestic media, Dali Town,which accounted for nearly one third of domestic total output of aluminum products,has started the energy-saving and emission-reducing campaign since last July.

  11. Leadership Strategies in Promoting the Image of the Mayors on the Websites of Sector Town Halls and of Bucharest City Hall

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viorica PĂUȘ

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The research deals with the leadership strategies used by the mayors of the six sectors and the General Mayor of Bucharest in order to represent and promote the organizational image and their own image. The success, performance and competitiveness of sector town halls and Bucharest City Hall also depend on the quality of leadership and the leaders’ ability to use appropriate, attractive and customized online communication strategies in order to inform the citizens and achieve their electoral goals. This research has the following objectives: (a to identify the online strategies used by the seven mayors-leaders; (b to identify the salience of tactics used by the seven mayors; (c to identify the ethos categories within the mayors’ online messages.

  12. Reggio Emilia between town planning and facts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Rosa Ronzoni

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Reggio Emilia can boast an old and well-established tradition in town-planning. Important city planners and architects, who have contributed to signify town planning during the period of the functionalism have worked to develop and to transform Reggio Emilia’s area. Reggio Emilia belongs to one of the Italian city most involved to test new experiences as citizen’s participation in planning’s processes or to use in a systematic way tools as mobility plan or historical centre plan. What is the contribution due to regional laws and what to local people’s character, persons with a lively imagination and a passion for testing all what is new? Has been able that plans and ideas to form city’s areas as they meant?

  13. WIND DAMAGE ON TREES FOLLOWING HURRICANE SANDY AND IMPLICATIONS FOR CITY LANDSCAPING: GLEN RIDGE – MONTCLAIR TOWNS, NEW JERSEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FAITH JUSTUS

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Glen Ridge is a small municipality in the Northern New Jersey with a significant number of huge trees lining majority of its streets. The trees have been subject to a wide range of natural and artificial stresses, one being the strong wind associated with superstorm Sandy. On 29th October 2012, a windstorm of extreme intensity struck the Tristate region and brought havoc to the tree population including those in Glen Ridge. A survey was conducted immediately after the storm to collect quantitative information on fallen tree population. The study aimed at understanding the spatial extent of wind damage on trees with reference to location, trunk diameter and soil characteristics. A total of 51 fallen trees with a mean trunk diameter of 100.4 centimetres along streets in study area were surveyed. High damage was noted on trees in Glen Ridge (29 trees while streets transitioning to Montclair had 22 fallen trees. Majority of the surveyed trees were found on USBOO soils (49%, which are characterised as disturbed urban soils with Boonton substratum-Boonton complexes. BowrB soils had 27.5%, Boob 13.7%, BowrC 7.8% and USDUNB 2.0% of fallen trees. A need for city wide tree inventorying and species mapping is identified as a management implication to further enhance the historical value of the city. Other measures are discussed with a view of engaging appropriate local management partnerships and coordination frameworks to play a role in protecting the remaining large trees.

  14. Transport of atmospheric NOx and HNO3 over Cape Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abiodun, B. J.; Ojumu, A. M.; Jenner, S.; Ojumu, T. V.

    2013-05-01

    Cape Town, the most popular tourist city in Africa, usually experiences air pollution with unpleasant odour in winter. Previous studies have associated the pollution with local emission of pollutants within the city. The present study examines the transport of atmospheric pollutants (NOx and HNO3) over South Africa and shows how the transport of pollutants from the Mpumalanga Highveld may contribute to the pollution in Cape Town. The study analysed observation data (2001-2008) from Cape Town air quality network and simulation data (2001-2004) from regional climate model (RegCM4) over southern Africa. The simulation accounts for the influence of complex topography, atmospheric condition, and atmospheric chemistry on emission and transport of pollutants over southern Africa. Flux budget analysis was used to examine whether Cape Town is a source or sink for NOx and HNO3 during the extreme pollution events. The results show that extreme pollution events over Cape Town are associated with the low-level (surface-850 hPa) transport of NOx from the Mpumalanga Highveld to Cape Town, and with a tongue of high concentration of HNO3 that extends from the Mpumalanga Highveld to Cape Town along the south coast of South Africa. The prevailing atmospheric conditions during the extreme pollution events feature an upper-level (700 hPa) anticyclonic flow over South Africa and a low-level col over Cape Town. The anticyclonic flow induces a strong subsidence motion, which prevents vertical mixing of the pollutants and caps high concentration of pollutants close to the surface as they are transported from the Mpumalanga Highveld toward Cape Town, while the col accumulates the pollutants over the city. This study shows that Cape Town can be a sink for the NOx and HNO3 during extreme pollution events and suggests that the accumulation of pollutants transported from other areas (e.g. Mpumalanga Highveld) may contribute substantially to the air pollution in Cape Town.

  15. Historic Town Preservation And Development: Nankang Historic Town, Beihai City%历史城镇的控制与开发——以广西北海市南康历史文化名镇为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴彼爱; 陈谷佳

    2015-01-01

    北海市南康古镇历史悠久,遗存丰富且保存尚好,有反映传统民居风貌的成片竹筒屋与中西风貌合璧的骑楼.目前,南康古镇面临老建筑年久失修、基础设施条件差、风貌丧失和改造资金困难等问题,要对古镇进行保护,必须提出严格的控制措施,控制古镇的空间格局、历史风貌和开发强度等.在此基础上,通过政府引导,引入市场、本地居民等多元主体参与古镇的开发与改造,通过完善公共服务设施与市政基础设施、发展旅游和商业等手段延续古镇风貌,传承文化.%Nankang historic town is wel preserved with rich historical relic, epitomized by veranda houses incorporating Chinese and western characters. Yet the town faces problems in maintenance, infrastructure, cityscape, and funding. Rigid measures are imperative to control the spatial layout, historical feature, and development intensity of the town. The government, market force, local residents shal colaborate in the renovation of ancient town. Public service facilities, infrastructure, tourism, and commerce shal be integrated to inherit ancient town cityscape and culture.

  16. Microbial quality of selected sandwiches sold at retail outlets of fast food shops in Dhaka city and Mymensingh town of Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazmul Hoque

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available the experiment was designed to undertake a study on the sanitary quality of commercial fast foods sold at retail outlets of fast food shops in Dhaka city and Mymensingh town of Bangladesh. One hundred sandwiches were subjected to bacteriological examinations. The mean values of total viable count (TVC, total coliform count (TCC and total staphylococcal count (TSC in wrapped and unwrapped samples of pre-microwave oven and post-microwave oven fast foods were determined. In pre-microwave oven the TVC, TCC and TSC were log 6.36, log 3.42 and log 4.21 respectively. similarly in post-microwave oven the TVC, TCC and TSC were log 4.89, log 2.60 and log 3.03 respectively. The role of packaging and heat treatment prior to sale on the bacterial changes of the fast foods were demonstrated. It was observed that the values of TVC of all fast food samples except post-microwave oven treated McDonald’s; Pizza and Ruma were higher than the maximum microbial limit. In TCC and TSC all values were higher than the maximum limit. The degree of initial contamination in fast food samples which may pose health hazard to public health has been discussed. It was concluded that the hygienically packaged fast foods and microoven treatment prior to sale would retain the best quality attributes required for consumer’s acceptability and safety.  

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, Rural Villages: As part of the Comprehensive Plan - Land Use. The most common use is for the interpretation of land within the Rural Village Zoning Area. These areas also coincide with Priority Funding Areas which the county, state, and federal use to all, Published in 1997, 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, Washington County GIS Office.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 1997. It is described as...

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, File name = BORDERLINES. County boundary also contains bounds for Aberdeen Proving Ground and the municipalities of Havre de Grace, Bel Air, & Aberdeen. http://www.harfordcountymd.gov/gis/Index.cfm, Published in 2010, 1:9600 (1in=800ft) scale, Harford County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:9600 (1in=800ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. It...

  19. A new town for 350.000 inhabitants. ECO City Tianjin, China; Eine neue Stadt fuer 350.000 Einwohner. ECO City Tianjin, China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schaller, Christian [Schaller/Theodor Architekten und Stadtplaner BDA, Koeln (Germany); Schmitz, Stefan [Stefan Schmitz, Buero fuer Architektur und Stadtplanung BDA, Koeln (Germany)

    2010-07-01

    Migration from the land makes the People's Republic of China to the largest building site of the world. It is assumed at least 60 per cent of humans will live in cities up to the year 2030. Already today, in the urban education centres 75 % of the energy are used and caused 80 % of the CO{sub 2} emissions. The sustainable development of cities and their efficient power supply are of central importance for the future of China. The urbanization forces to a completely new invention of urban centres under ecological aspects concerning town construction and structural aspects - with orders at architects and town planners acting world-wide.

  20. The meaning and measurment of place identity and image of towns and cities in New South Wales.

    OpenAIRE

    Kerr, Greg; Baxter, Jessica

    2010-01-01

    It is within the context of the growing level of competitiveness between places, and even the decline of many, that a need has been identified for places to have a marketing focus. As a new and under-researched domain, and also due to some similarities, place marketing research has been guided by the more extensively researched corporate level marketing and destination marketing. Both of these applications emphasise the importance of internal marketing to employees and host populations respec...

  1. [Carbon emissions and low-carbon regulation countermeasures of land use change in the city and town concentrated area of central Liaoning Province, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xi, Feng-ming; Liang, Wen-juan; Niu, Ming-fen; Wang, Jiao-yue

    2016-02-01

    Carbon emissions due to land use change have an important impact on global climate change. Adjustment of regional land use patterns has a great scientific significance to adaptation to a changing climate. Based on carbon emission/absorption parameters suitable for Liaoning Province, this paper estimated the carbon emission of land use change in the city and town concentrated area of central Liaoning Province. The results showed that the carbon emission and absorption were separately 308.51 Tg C and 11.64 Tg C from 1997 to 2010. It meant 3.8% of carbon emission. was offset by carbon absorption. Among the 296.87 Tg C net carbon emission of land use change, carbon emission of remaining land use type was 182.24 Tg C, accounting for 61.4% of the net carbon emission, while the carbon emission of land use transformation was 114.63 Tg C, occupying the rest 38.6% of net carbon emission. Through quantifying the mapping relationship between land use change and carbon emission, it was shown that during 1997-2004 the contributions of remaining construction land (40.9%) and cropland transform ation to construction land (40.6%) to carbon emission were larger, but the greater contributions to carbon absorption came from cropland transformation to forest land (38.6%) and remaining forest land (37.5%). During 2004-2010, the land use types for carbon emission and absorption were the same to the period of 1997-2004, but the contribution of remaining construction land to carbon emission increased to 80.6%, and the contribution of remaining forest land to carbon absorption increased to 71.7%. Based on the carbon emission intensity in different land use types, we put forward the low-carbon regulation countermeasures of land use in two aspects. In carbon emission reduction, we should strict control land transformation to construction land, increase the energy efficiency of construction land, and avoid excessive development of forest land and water. In carbon sink increase, we should

  2. Terrace Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabin, Heather

    2010-01-01

    The "Terrace Town" program brings architecture and city planning curriculum to elementary schools in Madison, Wisconsin, and surrounding areas. Over eight weeks, classrooms discuss what makes a community livable, sustainable, and kid-friendly. Throughout the process, students gain a better understanding of their own city environments and…

  3. TIGER/Line Shapefile, 2015, nation, U.S., Current Combined New England City and Town Area (CNECTA) National Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The TIGER/Line shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...

  4. TIGER/Line Shapefile, 2016, nation, U.S., Current Combined New England City and Town Area (CNECTA) National

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The TIGER/Line shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...

  5. TIGER/Line Shapefile, 2015, nation, U.S., Current New England City and Town Area (NECTA) National Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The TIGER/Line shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...

  6. TIGER/Line Shapefile, 2016, nation, U.S., Current New England City and Town Area (NECTA) National

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The TIGER/Line shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...

  7. Study on Life Type and List of Bryophytes of Qixingguan Old Town in Bijie City%毕节市七星关老城区苔藓植物名录及生活型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋洁云; 朱娟; 张梦秋

    2016-01-01

    In order to provide a reference for other research and conservation urban bryophytes resources,this paper prepared lsit of bryophytes of Qixingguan Old Town in Bijie City and analyzed their life type.%该文编制了毕节市七星关老城区苔藓植物名录,并分析了其生活型类型,为毕节城区植物资源信息库补充资料以及苔藓植物资源的其它研究和保护提供参考依据。

  8. 浅析南通近代“一城三镇”城镇空间布局%The brief analysis about spatial arrangement named one city and three towns during the modern time in Nan tongvv

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘峻源; 洪再生

    2014-01-01

    This paper looks back the history of construction in Nantong at ancient times, it elaborated the thought of urban construction named“the first city in modern China”in Nantong, then by analysing the urban spatial ar angement or characteristics named one city and three towns, summarized its advantages and limitations, in order to provide reference and enlightenment for the construction of today's urban planning.%本文回顾了古代南通州城建设史,阐述了南通“中国近代第一城”城建思想,通过分析“一城三镇”城镇空间布局及其特色,总结其优越性和局限性,为当今的城市规划建设提供一定的借鉴和启示。

  9. A FURTHER LATIN INSCRIPTION AND AN AMPHORA IN CAPE TOWN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.B. Saddington

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In a former volume of this journal I described a Latin inscription in the Cape Town Museum (Akroterion XLVI [2001] 99f..
    On a subsequent visit to the city, I went to the Wine Museum on the Groot Constantia estate.2 I was interested to find two Roman objects there, an inscription and an amphora.

  10. An Ecological View of the History of the City of Cape Town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick J. O'Farrell

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Rapid global urbanization and the knowledge that ecological systems underpin the future sustainability and resilience of our cities, make an understanding of urban ecology critical. The way humans engage with ecological processes within cities is highly complex, and both from a social and ecological perspective these engagements cannot be interpreted meaningfully on the basis of a single timeframe. Historical analyses offer useful insights into the nature of social-ecological interactions under diverse conditions, enabling improved decision-making into the future. We present an historical review of the evolving relationship between the urban settlement of Cape Town and the ecological processes inherent to its natural surroundings. Since its establishment, the people of Cape Town have been acutely aware of, and exploited, the natural resources presented by Table Mountain and its surrounding wilderness area. An examination of this pattern of engagement, explored through an ecological process lens, in particular drawing on the terminology provided by the ecosystem services framework, reflects a journey of the changing needs and demands of a growing urban settlement. Ecological processes, and their ensuing flow of ecosystem services, have been exploited, overexploited, interrupted, reestablished, conserved, and variably valued through time. Processes of significance, for example water provision, soil erosion, the provision of wood and natural materials, and the role of fire, are presented. This historical analysis documents the progression from a wilderness to a tamed and largely benign urban environment. Evident is the variable valuing of ecosystem service attributes through time and by different people, at the same time, dependent on their immediate needs.

  11. Characteristic Town Nurturing and Local Economy and Taxation---A Case Study of Characteristic Town of Hutang Rice Wine in Keqiao District of Shaoxing City%特色小镇培育与地方经济税收--以绍兴市柯桥区湖塘黄酒特色小镇为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙勇军; 韩佳仪

    2016-01-01

    Governor Li Qiang pointed out that the construction of the characteristic town is of great significance for our province to promote economic transformation and upgrading and speed up the construction of“Two Beauties”in the new norm. Yellow rice wine industry in Hutang town, Keqiao district of Shaoxing city not only has a long history, but also is the pillar industry of the community. It can be seen that the construction of rice wine charac-teristic town is in line with the developmental orientation of the town. But in recent years, under the influence of multifaceted factors, such as external economic downward pressure and internal transformation and upgrading, Hutang wine industry has encountered many difficulties and challenges. Based on the field research, this paper summarizes the situation and characteristics of Hutang’ s economy and taxation and finds out the main problems. Finally, the paper puts forward some suggestions on promoting the benign interaction between economy and taxa-tion of the characteristic town of rice wine.%李强省长提出,特色小镇对于我省在新常态下推动经济转型升级,加快“两美”建设具有重要意义。绍兴市柯桥区湖塘街道的黄酒产业不仅有悠久历史传承,而且是该街道的支柱产业,黄酒特色小镇培育建设符合该地的发展定位。但近年来,在外部经济下行压力和内部转型升级等多重因素影响下,湖塘的黄酒产业发展也遇到了不少困难和挑战。本文通过实地调研,总结湖塘黄酒特色小镇经济税收的情况和特点,发现其经济税收存在的主要问题,并就推进黄酒特色小镇经济税收良性互动提出建议。

  12. 河南农村人口就地向城镇转移成本研究%The Cost of rural population transfer to local cities and towns in Henan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭荣胜

    2014-01-01

    The short-term cost for population transfer to local cities and towns of a standard rural househood in Henan province is 33650.9 yuan, while the long-term cost (Total cost) is 69658.6 yuan. From the view of structure, the compulsory education cost, affordable housing cost, and the city management cost is the main expenditure. Although the city management cost accounted a large percentage, this spending is a slow release process (until the death of residents), thus the annual expenditure is not so much. In the short term, The main parts of expenditure are children's education and affordable housing, which need to be paid in a few years by the government after the rural population transferred to the towns or cities. The incremental cost of short-term in Henan province is 0 because of Urban-rural integration of endowment and medical insurance, while in the long run, the rural population transfer to towns can still reduce the spending of government.%河南农村一个“标准户”就地向城镇转移的短期成本为35650.9元,长期成本(总成本)为69658.6元。从构成上看,义务教育成本、保障性住房成本与城市管理费用成本是主要支出。尽管城市管理费用成本的占比很大,但这项支出是一个缓慢释放的过程(一直持续到居民死亡),每年的支出并不多。就短期而言,子女教育和保障性住房则是最主要支出,需要政府在农村人口进城后的前几年予以支付。由于河南在养老保险与医疗保险方面已经实现了城乡一体化,所以短期的成本增量为0,但从长期看,农村人口向城镇转移还可以降低政府在这方面的支出。

  13. Recent development of Slovene towns - social structure and transformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dejan Rebernik

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available In Slovene towns and urban areas several processes of social transformation and change have been present in the last decade. As a consequence of political and economic transition increased social differentiation resulted in increased social segregation in urban areas. Some areas such as high-rise housing estates and part of older inner city areas were affected by social degradation and concentration of low-income population and ethnical minorities. In some parts of inner cities processes of reurbanisation and gentrification are taking place. However, the degree of social segragation is lower than in the cities of most transitional countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

  14. Empirical Study on the Will of Farmland Transfer among Different Farmer Groups——A Sampling Survey on 42 Counties and Cities,64 Towns and 74 Villages in Jiangxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Taking Jiangxi Province as an example,on the basis of the sampling survey on 42 counties and cities,64 towns and 74 villages in Jiangxi Province,the will of farmland transfer among different farmer groups with different income levels,different ages,and different educational backgrounds,is analyzed.The research indicates that as for middle-income or high-income groups,leaving home to seek jobs elsewhere is the most principal factor impacting farmland transfer,while as for low-income group,the price of agricultural products is an important factor impacting farmers’ land cultivation;permanent urban residence certificate is no longer the principal factor causing farmers’ land transfer,and it tends to be rational for farmers to abandon farmland.

  15. The Left - behind Women Image in the Jiangnan Modern City and Town Culture%现代江南市镇文学中的留守女性形象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余连祥

    2012-01-01

    The modern writers' writings on Jiangnan city and town culture have constructed Jiangnan modern city and town literature. The left - behind women images in such literature are chiefly represen- ted by Shuangxi's wife in Xu Qinwen's novelA Mad Woman, Xiangmei in Xu Jie's novel Da Baizhi , Juying and Her Mother in Wang Luyan's novel Juying's Marriage and Aunt A Zhi in Under the Roof, Jin Peizhuang in Ye Shaojun's novel Ni Huanzhi, etc. Among those women, only Jin Peizhuang is a new educated woman and all the others are traditional women with tragic fates.%现代作家对现代江南市镇文化的文学书写,建构了现代江南市镇文学。此类文学中的留守女性形象系列,主要有许钦文小说《疯妇》中的双喜媳妇、许杰小说《大白纸》中的香妹、王鲁彦小说《菊英的出嫁》中的菊英母女和《屋顶下》中的阿芝婶、叶绍钧小说《倪焕之》中的金佩璋等。这些留守女性形象,除了金佩璋为有知识的新型职业女性外,其他都是传统女性,具有浓郁的悲剧性。

  16. 半干旱区城镇周边防沙——以内蒙古乌审旗达布察克镇为例%Protecting Cities and Towns from Blown-sand Disasters in Semi-arid Area of China —A case study of Dabqig Town in Uxin Banner of Inner Mongolia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓旭; 邹学勇; 张艺磊

    2013-01-01

    Sand-blown disasters frequently occur in semi-arid area of China where cities and towns are relatively densely located. It is imperative to protect cities and towns from sand-blown disasters in semi-arid Area. Based on field survey of sand source and vegetation cover, as well as wind-tunnel measurement of independent vegetation and mechanical windbreaks, a configuration model for sand-blown prevention and control measures are proposed. Based on principles of sand-control engineering system and sand-control measures construction for different underlying surfaces around the towns in semi-arid area, a sand-control model for protecting Dabqig Town of the Uxin Banner from sand-blown disasters can be outlined as a " three-ring" model. The innermost ring is landscape greenbelt zone with Dabqig Town at the core. This zone is located around Dabqig Town with the maximum distance of 600 - 900 m from the town. The second ring is sand dune enclosure and agriculture-stock production zone, including two sub-zones. The facility agriculture sub-zone has a width of about 1 km. The exurb sub-zone of sand dune/land enclosure and individual agriculture-stock production covers a larger area, and an outstanding feature of this sub-zone is that its main area is used for ecological environment construction as well protection, and a relatively small area is used for agriculture-stock production. The outermost ring is sand dune/land enclosure and protection zone. This zone is located in northwest of the Uxin Banner. It mainly includes mobile and semi-mobile dune chains and flat drifting sand-land, thus is the main sand/dust source for Dabqig Town. Therefore this zone should be enclosed and protected using corresponding sand-control measures.%中国半干旱区城镇众多,风沙灾害频发,开展城镇风沙灾害防治研究势在必行.以毛乌素沙地的乌审旗达布察克镇为例,对其周边沙尘源地和植被进行实地调查;在此基础上,结合单项植物、机械沙

  17. The transport of atmospheric NOx and HNO3 over Cape Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abiodun, B. J.; Ojumu, A. M.; Jenner, S.; Ojumu, T. V.

    2014-01-01

    Cape Town, the most popular tourist city in Africa, usually experiences air pollution with unpleasant odour in winter. Previous studies have associated the pollution with local emission of pollutants within the city. The present study examines the transport of atmospheric pollutants (NOx and HNO3) over South Africa and shows how the transport of pollutants from the Mpumalanga Highveld, a major South African industrial area, may contribute to the pollution in Cape Town. The study analysed observation data (2001-2008) from the Cape Town air-quality network and simulation data (2001-2004) from a regional climate model (RegCM) over southern Africa. The simulation accounts for the influence of complex topography, atmospheric conditions, and atmospheric chemistry on emission and transport of pollutants over southern Africa. Flux budget analysis was used to examine whether Cape Town is a source or sink for NOx and HNO3 during the extreme pollution events. The results show that extreme pollution events in Cape Town are associated with the lower level (surface - 850 hPa) transport of NOx from the Mpumalanga Highveld to Cape Town, and with a tongue of high concentration of HNO3 that extends from the Mpumalanga Highveld to Cape Town along the south coast of South Africa. The prevailing atmospheric conditions during the extreme pollution events feature an upper-level (700 hPa) anticyclone over South Africa and a lower-level col over Cape Town. The anticyclone induces a strong subsidence motion, which prevents vertical mixing of the pollutants and caps high concentration of pollutants close to the surface as they are transported from the Mpumalanga Highveld toward Cape Town. The col accumulates the pollutants over the city. This study shows that Cape Town can be a sink for the NOx and HNO3 during extreme pollution events and suggests that the accumulation of pollutants transported from other areas (e.g. the Mpumalanga Highveld) may contribute to the air pollution in Cape Town.

  18. Quantitative Analysis of Urban Pluvial Flood Alleviation by Open Surface Water Systems in New Towns: Comparing Almere and Tianjin Eco-City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhengnan Zhou

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Increased surface runoff generated in urban areas due to larger proportion of impervious surfaces has, in many cases, exceeded the capacity of urban drainage systems. In response to such challenge, this paper introduces the quantitative analysis of pluvial flood alleviation by open surface water systems in the case of Almere in the Netherlands and compares it with Tianjin Eco-City in China, with the aim of optimizing land use planning and urban design for new urban districts. The methodology is a combination of quantitative and qualitative analysis. With the analytical tool of ArcGIS, the authors have investigated the influence of spatial distribution of surface water system on the reduction of pluvial flood risks. The conclusions include some preliminary principles: (1 a densely distributed surface water network is preferable; (2 areas farther away from water body require water sensitive spatial intervention; and (3 optimizing the allocation of different types of ground surface could contribute to pluvial flood alleviation. An alternative design proposal for a typical urban block in Tianjin Eco-City has been put forward to illustrate these principles.

  19. Description on the town housing termite's prevention and control in Lu'an city%六安市城镇房屋白蚁防治现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄光明

    2012-01-01

    本文介绍了当下六安市城镇房屋白蚁防治工作的具体方法,以化学防治措施为主,监测控制技术防治为辅,严格遵循预防为主,防治结合,综合治理白蚁防治的工作原则.%This paper introduces the methods for termite' s prevention and control of urban housing in Lu' an city. Chemical control is the main method, supplemented by monitor-controlling technology. Strictly following the integrated control principle of termite .which is focus on termite' s prevention, combining the termite' s prevention and control.

  20. 广西城镇单亲幼儿家庭教育中的问题与对策%The Problems of and Countermeasures Against Family Education of Single-parent Children in the Cities and Towns of Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗竞; 韦扬波

    2012-01-01

    通过对广西城镇单亲幼儿家庭教育中教育环境、教育观念、教育方式、教育内容的调查,呈现了真实、客观的城镇单亲幼儿家庭教育的状况,在对调查结果进行分析讨论的基础上,提出解决单亲幼儿家庭教育问题的建议。%The Investigation into the educational environment,education concept,education mode and educational content of family education of single-parent children in the cities and towns of Guangxi,the result shows the true and objective status of family education of urban single-parent children.Based on the analysis and discussion of the result,the paper puts forward some useful suggestions to solve educational problems of single-parent children.

  1. Urban agglomerations and transformations of medium-sized towns in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Runge Anna

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This analysis investigates medium-sized towns in Poland, i.e. those with a population between 20–100 thousand, located up to 100 km away from the main city of the agglomeration. The aim of this article is to compare the level of socio-economic development of Polish towns depending on their location in relation to the main city in the largest agglomerations in 1998 and 2013. Three zones of distance from the main city of each agglomeration have been taken into consideration: a. the inner zone, reaching up to 25 km from the main city; b. the outer zone located at a distance of 25 to 50 km from the main city, and c. the peripheral zone, located at a distance of 50 to 100 km from the main city and including the medium-size towns located outside the agglomeration system. This analysis of the distribution of medium-sized towns and their level of socio-economic development has shown various levels of changes which depend on the distance from the main city of the agglomeration. In 1998, the highest level of development of the medium-sized towns was recorded in towns outside of these agglomeration systems, i.e. those located most remotely from the main city (peripheral zone. Most of the medium-sized towns are situated at a distance of 50–100 km from Warszawa, Kraków, Łódź, Lublin, Gdańsk and have developed their own local, or even regional labour markets and some of them have even provided administrative functions in the past as voivodeship capitals. Only in the Poznań agglomeration, the level of development of medium-sized towns was higher in the immediate surroundings of the main city (25 km. The medium-sized towns in all zones of the distance from the main city in the Wrocław agglomeration represented a similar level of development. By 2013, the level of development of the medium-sized towns in the peripheral zone in all investigated settlement systems had decreased, with a significant improvement in the level of development of the towns in

  2. MACCSAND (Pty Ltd v CITY OF CAPE TOWN 2012 (4 SA 181 (CC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nic Olivier

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The Constitutional Court in Maccsand (Pty Ltd v City of Cape Town (CCT 103/11 2012 ZACC 7 decided that the granting of mining rights or mining permits by the Minister of Mineral Resources in terms of the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act 28 of 2002 does not obviate the obligation on an applicant to obtain authorisations in terms of other legislation that deals with functional domains other than minerals, mining and prospecting. This applies to all other legislation, irrespective of whether the responsible administrator of such other legislation is in the national, provincial or local sphere of government. The effect of the decision is that planning and other authorities which derive their statutory mandate and powers from other legislation retain all their powers as regards planning and rezoning, for instance. In addition, the Minister of Mineral Resources cannot make a decision on behalf of, or for, such functionaries. The judgement also clarified the question of whether or not a national Act can supersede provincial legislation dealing with a distinctly different functional domain. In principle, the decision also indicates that the fact that a range of authorisations are required in terms of separate statutory instruments (each with its own functional domain and administered by its own functionary does not necessarily amount to conflicts between these instruments. An owner of land may now insist that his land may not be used for mining purposes if it is not zoned for such purposes. It is submitted that, in order to provide certainty to land owners, developers and government functionaries, and to promote investor confidence (especially in the mining sector, an intergovernmental system for the consideration of applications by the functionaries responsible for the separate statutory instruments needs to be developed as a high priority.

  3. On the Phonetic System of Hakka dialect in Huangtian Town, Hezhou City, Guangxi%广西贺州市黄田镇客家话音系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余秀忠

    2015-01-01

    该文对广西贺州黄田镇的客家话语音系统进行了较为全面的描写,内容主要包括声韵调系统、语音特点和同音字汇三个部分。%This paper makes a fairly complete description of the phonetic system of Hakka dialect in Huangtian Town, Hezhou City, Guangxi, covering three parts:Hakka dialect in Huangtian Town;phonetic features and homophones.

  4. Recent development of Slovene towns - social structure and transformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dejan Rebernik

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In Slovene towns and urban areas severalprocesses of social transformation and change have been present in the lastdecade. As a consequence of political and economic transition increasedsocialdifferentiation resulted in increased social segregation in urbanareas.Some areas such as high-rise housing estates and part of older innercity areas were affected by social degradation and concentration oflow-incomepopulation and ethnical minorities. In some parts of inner citiesprocesses of reurbanisation and gentrification are taking place. However,the degree of social segragation is lower than in the cities of mosttransitional countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

  5. Seminar on Employment and Development of Town Women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    IN October 1994, the All-China Women’s Federation held a seminar on the employment and development of town women in Shanghai, China’s largest city. The seminar was also a preparatory meeting for the ’95 NGO Forum on women’s employment. More than 70 people, including the presidents of the provincial women’s federations, the municipal women’s federations and some leaders of the state departments concerned attended this meeting. Chen Muhua, Vice-Chairwoman of the Standing Committee of the NPC, the

  6. Intergration of LiDAR Data with Aerial Imagery for Estimating Rooftop Solar Photovoltaic Potentials in City of Cape Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adeleke, A. K.; Smit, J. L.

    2016-06-01

    Apart from the drive to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by carbon-intensive economies like South Africa, the recent spate of electricity load shedding across most part of the country, including Cape Town has left electricity consumers scampering for alternatives, so as to rely less on the national grid. Solar energy, which is adequately available in most part of Africa and regarded as a clean and renewable source of energy, makes it possible to generate electricity by using photovoltaics technology. However, before time and financial resources are invested into rooftop solar photovoltaic systems in urban areas, it is important to evaluate the potential of the building rooftop, intended to be used in harvesting the solar energy. This paper presents methodologies making use of LiDAR data and other ancillary data, such as high-resolution aerial imagery, to automatically extract building rooftops in City of Cape Town and evaluate their potentials for solar photovoltaics systems. Two main processes were involved: (1) automatic extraction of building roofs using the integration of LiDAR data and aerial imagery in order to derive its' outline and areal coverage; and (2) estimating the global solar radiation incidence on each roof surface using an elevation model derived from the LiDAR data, in order to evaluate its solar photovoltaic potential. This resulted in a geodatabase, which can be queried to retrieve salient information about the viability of a particular building roof for solar photovoltaic installation.

  7. INTERGRATION OF LiDAR DATA WITH AERIAL IMAGERY FOR ESTIMATING ROOFTOP SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC POTENTIALS IN CITY OF CAPE TOWN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. K. Adeleke

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Apart from the drive to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by carbon-intensive economies like South Africa, the recent spate of electricity load shedding across most part of the country, including Cape Town has left electricity consumers scampering for alternatives, so as to rely less on the national grid. Solar energy, which is adequately available in most part of Africa and regarded as a clean and renewable source of energy, makes it possible to generate electricity by using photovoltaics technology. However, before time and financial resources are invested into rooftop solar photovoltaic systems in urban areas, it is important to evaluate the potential of the building rooftop, intended to be used in harvesting the solar energy. This paper presents methodologies making use of LiDAR data and other ancillary data, such as high-resolution aerial imagery, to automatically extract building rooftops in City of Cape Town and evaluate their potentials for solar photovoltaics systems. Two main processes were involved: (1 automatic extraction of building roofs using the integration of LiDAR data and aerial imagery in order to derive its’ outline and areal coverage; and (2 estimating the global solar radiation incidence on each roof surface using an elevation model derived from the LiDAR data, in order to evaluate its solar photovoltaic potential. This resulted in a geodatabase, which can be queried to retrieve salient information about the viability of a particular building roof for solar photovoltaic installation.

  8. Reactivity of competitor knowledge from marketing information system Case Study: Companies based in the industrial town of Sanandaj city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nooshin Rashidi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Although managers are doing things by the special called knowledge-based tools to help organizations to manage their affairs. Decision maker in the organization is an information processor. Today, a manager is well aware that the ability of the acquisition, storage, processing and display of accurate information in making the right decisions is crucial. Thus, the importance of knowledge and information is clearly evident. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of marketing information systems on knowledge rival. The sample of 235 employees of companies based in the industrial town of Sanandaj city. Random sampling is also available. Hypothesis of the study was analyzed by Pearson correlation and linear regression that showed a significant positive relationship between marketing and information systems knowledge competitor. Finally, hypothesis and conclusions made on the basis of proposals presented to the population.

  9. 吉安市城区居民膳食铁摄入量的调查与分析%INVESTIGATION AND NANLYSIS OF DIET IRON INTAKE ABOUT THE TOWN DWELLERS IN JI’AN CITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温凤娇; 王剑; 何素芬; 舒银; 廖文杰; 王晖; 李辉福; 叶志康

    2012-01-01

      Objective: To understand the ingestion level of diet iron about the town dwellers and analyze the food source of diet iron in Ji’an City, which could provide the supporting evidence for popularizing the nutritional knowledge and guiding the dwellers to balance their diet. Methods: Choosing two-hundred families of the town dwellers in Ji’an City, and then their diet nutrition was investigated by the account method of weighing the whole family in three days. Results: The average ingestion levels of diet iron of both group were greater than AI; there were 23.5% juveniles and 14.5% adults whose iron ingestion did not reach AI, and the ratio of female among them is higher than that of male, but the difference between the two sexes wasn’t significant (P>0.05); there were 19.1% juveniles and 15.3% adults whose iron ingestion exceed UL; the iron ratio from vegetative foods was higher than that from animal foods. Conclusion: The ratio of juveniles and females whose diet iron ingestion do not reach AI is still high, the food source of iron is poor, people should positively develop the nutrition education of iron, adjust the dwellers’ diet structure and actively improve the iron nutrition condition.%  目的了解吉安市城镇居民膳食铁摄入水平,分析铁的食物来源,为普及营养知识,指导居民平衡膳食提供依据.方法选择吉安市200户城镇居民家庭,采用“三日全家称重记帐法”进行膳食营养调查.结果各组铁的平均摄入量均大于 AI;有23.5%的未成年人和14.5%的成年人铁摄入量未达到 AI,女性未达到的比例高于男性,性别间比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);有19.1%的未成年人和15.3%的成年人铁摄入量超过 UL;铁来源于植物性食物的比例高于动物性食物.结论青少年与女性膳食铁摄入量未达到 AI 的比例仍较高,铁的食物来源不佳,应积极开展铁营养健康教育,调整居民饮食结构,积极改善铁营养状况

  10. 佛山市城镇生活饮用水末梢水水质状况及对策%Situation and countermeasures to tap-water quality of drinking water in the town of Foshan city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关共凑; 邹永杰; 梁慧怡; 江学顶

    2014-01-01

    根据国家《生活饮用水卫生标准》(GB5749-2006),分析佛山市5区城镇生活饮用水末梢水水质状况。结果表明:佛山市5区城镇生活饮用水末梢水超标项目主要是菌落总数和浑浊度,超标率分别为56.00%、2.67%。本次调查的75份水样中有33份合格,总合格率为44.00%,其中顺德区合格率为60.00%,水质最好;高明区、禅城区、三水区合格率分别为46.67%、40.00%、40.00%,水质次之;南海区合格率为33.33%,水质最差;住宅、学校、商场、酒店、医院饮用水合格率分别为60.00%、46.67%、26.67%、33.33%、53.33%。总体来讲,水质不容乐观。最后根据超标原因,提出一些对策与建议,以确保佛山市城镇居民生活饮用水水质安全。%According to the national health standards for drinking water quality (GB5749-2006), analyzed the situation of tap-water quality of drinking water in the town of the five districts of Foshan city. The results indicated that it was mainly the total number of bacterial colonies and turbidity exceeded the standards in tap-water Their exceeding standard rates were 56.00% and 2.67% respectively 33 of 75 water samples were qualified in the investigation, the total qualified rate was 44.00%. The qualified rate was 60.00% in Shunde district, it’s water quality was the best. The qualified rates were 46.67%, 40.00% and 40.00% respectively in Gaoming,Chancheng and Sanshui district, their water quality were the second. The qualified rate was 33.33% in Nanhai district,it’s water quality was the worst. The qualified rates of drinking wate were 60.00%, 46.67%, 26.67%,33.33% and 53.33% respectively in residences,schools,marketplaces, hotels and hospitals. In general, the water quality was not optimistic. In the end, some countermeasures and suggestions were put forward on the basis of the unqualified reasons, in order to ensure drinking water quality and safety in the town of Foshan city.

  11. Electoral Politics and Visions of Community: Jimmy Carter, Virtue, and the Small Town Myth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ronald

    1995-01-01

    States that progressive and conservative voices in America have argued whether national or local community could assure a virtuous citizenry. Describes how Jimmy Carter invented a progressive discourse shaped by the small town myth in his 1976 presidential campaign. Examines the failure of the big city myth and the ideological paradox of the small…

  12. Tourist Profile and Destination Brand Perception: The Case of Cape Town, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ikechukwu O. Ezeuduji

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Tourists pay for destination brands. This study checked for the relationships between tourists’ profile and how they perceived the destination brand of Cape Town. A questionnaire survey of 220 tourists visiting Cape Town was done. This study found that repeat visit, age of tourist, length of stay, and tourist origin, have significant influences on how tourists visiting Cape Town perceived the destination. The top three destination attributes of Cape Town (cognitive images, which enhance visitor experience satisfaction are (1 the overall level of service quality at facilities in Cape Town, (2 the city being one of the best places the tourists have visited, and (3 the destination’s good value for money. The top three emotional valuations of destination attributes (affective images which enhance visitor experience satisfaction in Cape Town include (1 memorable visit, (2 valuable visit, and (3 friendly and hospitable population. It is therefore recommended that tourism businesses in Cape Town develop relationship marketing tools to attract and retain its tourists segments of loyal, advanced in age, long-staying and domestic tourists. Results from this research could be compared with related findings in the international arena and have related implications, especially for developing economies

  13. Effectiveness and equity impacts of town-wide cycling initiatives in England: a longitudinal, controlled natural experimental study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Anna; Panter, Jenna; Sharp, Stephen J; Ogilvie, David

    2013-11-01

    Cycling confers health and environmental benefits, but few robust studies have evaluated large-scale programmes to promote cycling. In England, recent years have seen substantial, town-wide cycling initiatives in six Cycling Demonstration Towns (funded 2005-2011) and 12 Cycling Cities and Towns (funded 2008-2011). The initiatives involved mixtures of capital investment (e.g. cycle lanes) and revenue investment (e.g. cycle training), tailored to each town. This controlled before-after natural experimental study used English census data to examine impacts on the prevalence of travelling to work by bicycle and other modes, comparing changes in the intervention towns with changes in three comparison groups (matched towns, unfunded towns and a national comparison group). We also compared effects between more and less deprived areas, and used random-effects meta-analysis to compare intervention effects between towns. Among 1.3 million commuters in 18 intervention towns, we found that the prevalence of cycling to work rose from 5.8% in 2001 to 6.8% in 2011. This represented a significant increase relative to all three comparison groups (e.g. +0.69 (95% CI 0.60,0.77) percentage points for intervention vs. matched towns). Walking to work also increased significantly compared with comparison towns, while driving to work decreased and public transport use was unchanged. These effects were observed across all fifths of area deprivation, with larger relative changes in deprived areas. There was substantial variation in effect sizes between towns, however, and the average town-level effect on cycling was non-significant (+0.29 (-0.26,0.84) percentage points for intervention vs. matched towns). We conclude that to date, cycling to work has increased (and driving to work decreased) in the intervention towns, in a relatively equitable manner. The variation in effects between towns indicates uncertainty regarding the likely impact of comparable investment in future towns

  14. Lobster Town Saves Economy and Ecology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gustafson, George D.

    1979-01-01

    The small coastal city of Rockland, Maine solved its pollution problems by building a treatment plant to handle the combined domestic and industrial wastewaters that were being discharged into Rockland Harbor. (BB)

  15. Designation and Development of Central Towns: A Case Study of Shiyan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    In China, central towns are an important pitch point in the urban system of a city or county. The cultivation and development of central towns is significant in completing the urban system structure and improving the overall quality of urban-rural development of a city or county. In the Municipality of Shiyan, a mountainous region in Hubei Province, the designation of central towns should not be mechanically accomplished through applying the methodology used in plain areas, but with particular focus on the location and transportation of the towns. Based on the analysis of comprehensive development potential, 14 central towns are finally designated in Shiyan in view of their favorable location and the requirement of coordinated regional development. Development strategies are also proposed for them which include the improvement of urban functions, the differentiation of development modes, the growth of industrial clusters, the development of environmental-friendly industries, the standard configuration of public service facilities, and the institutional reform and innovation which would ensure the realization of the central towns’ function of agglomeration and radiation.

  16. Developing "Headquarters" Economy, Making Strawberry Industry Stronger and Larger——Investigation and Thinking of Facility Strawberry Industry in Xiaya Town of Jiande City%发展“总部”经济,做大做强草莓产业——建德市下涯镇设施草莓产业的调查与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨敬奎; 钱静

    2011-01-01

    该文通过对建德市下涯镇草莓产业的发展特点、发展趋势、制约因素的深入分析,提出了建德市做强、做大苹莓产业必须要有新的突破,即完成传统草莓产业向草莓产业“总部”经济的战略性转型.%Through the deep analyses of the developmental characteristics, developmental tendency and restraining factors of strawberry industry in Xiaya town of Jiande city, this paper put forward that it was necessary for developing stronger and larger strawberry industry in Jiande city to conduct new penetration, namely to achieve the strategic transformation from traditional strawberry industry to "headquarters economic" strawberry industry.

  17. The role and development perspectives of small towns in central Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spasić Nenad

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The link between urban centers and the countryside, including movement of people, goods, capital and other social exchanges, play an important role in processes of rural and urban change of a country. Major demographic and spatial changes have been typical for Serbia in the second half of the 20th century, caused by a dynamic primary urbanization process, i.e. by intense migration trends between rural areas and towns (cities. A special attention in this paper is given to the small urban centers in Serbia (small towns with population of less than 20,000 as the first magnet in proximate contact with the rural surroundings, and the one that therefore could have the greatest influence on organization structure and development prospects of the rural areas. In addition to being difficult to substantiate criteria for urban classification, small towns themselves do not represent a homogeneous group of settlements, and this makes it even harder to put up generalizations that would fit to all the settlements of this kind either within our country or cross-borders. However, here are identified certain common features for the small towns in Central Serbia and their development perspective is analyzed in relation to medium towns and cities of the same territory in consideration. Finally, this paper discusses the importance of policies for small town development in light of a real risk that the process of globalisation may lead to the justification of a new concentration of activities in the large cities, increasing the already significant regional differences in living conditions and economic development.

  18. 复合型人工湿地及其在小城镇污水处理中的应用%The Compound Artificial Wetland and Its Application in Treating Wastewater in Small Cities and Towns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何强; 万杰; 翟俊; 梁建军

    2009-01-01

    A technology of wastewater treatment-compound artificial wetland was developed in connection with the characteristics of water pollution in small cities and towns in China. That compound system was composed of vertical baffled wetland filter under anaerobic conditions and lateral subsurface flow wetland bed under facultative conditions. By setting up the inner back-flow system, the nature reoxygenation area and the gravel filler with a particle size of 8~30 mm, the dissolved oxygen(DO) division in the system was achieved with the optimization of the flow pattern and the increase of treatment efficiency. The application results indicated that, under the conditions that the water flow rate was 300~450 m~3/d, COD, NH~4_+ -N and TP concentration of the inffluent were 60~250 mg/L, 4.5~23 mg/L and 1.5~8 mg/L respectively.And these values of the effluent were 20~30 mg/L, 2~4 mg/L and 0.3~0. 5 mg/L respectively at low temperature and could fall below 30 mg/L, 4 mg/L and 0.43 mg/L at normal temperature.%针对中国小城镇的水污染特点,开发了1种复合型人工湿地污水处理技术,该工艺由处于厌氧环境的竖向折流湿地滤池和处于兼氧环境的侧向潜流湿地床组成,通过设置内回流系统、自然复氧区以及粒径为(ρ)8~30 mm的碎石填料,实现了系统内溶解氧的合理分区.并优化了污水流态,显著提高了处理效率.低温和常温条件下的运行结果表明:该工艺在进水流量300~450 m~3/d,COD、NH~4_+-N及TP分别为60~250 mg/L 4.5~23 mg/L、1.5~8 mg/L条件下,低温出水中COD、NH+-N及TP的浓度分别为20~30 mg/L、2~4 mg/L、0.3~0.5 mg/L,常温出水中的浓度分别在30 mg/L、4 mg/L、0.43 mg/L以下.

  19. Challenges and prospects of Danish service towns in the new urban geography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje

    2012-01-01

    towns influenced by the emergence of the new functional urban geography and the administrative reforms? - What are the major challenges in urban development these towns are confronted with? We use historical register data as well as land use data to draw a broad picture of the development of Danish...... below 1000 inhabitants, only 10 % have more than 5000 inhabitants. More recently, with the emergence of functional urban regions around the biggest cities, their position as regional centres was weakened. Also, with the restructuring of the municipalities in Denmark in 2007 and the closure of several...

  20. 山西阳泉河底农村小学体育课现状调查分析%Investigation and Analysis of Rural Primary Schools' Physical Education of Hedi Town in Yangquan City of Shanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    研究目的:了解农村小学体育课现状,致力于体育教育的改革,推进素质教育的实施,为农村小学体育课开展及改革提出建议。研究方法:文献资料法、问卷调查法。研究结论:河底镇农村小学体育课开课实数不足,体育课的教学内容较少;专职体育教师的比例较少,兼职体育教师比例较大;基础设施较差,体育场地较为简陋,体育经费少,实施新课程标准较差。%Objective: To understand the status of rural primary school physical education, to reform physical education, to promote quality education, and to make recommendations for rural primary school physical education and carry out reforms. Methods: literature: the use of libraries and network resources, access to relevant information,analyze and organize information. Questionnaire:Hedi Town suburb total of eight primary schools, select one of five different elementary school students, issuing 120 questionnaires recovered 116 valid questionnaires. River town of primary school PE teachers were distributed eight questionnaires recovered eight valid questionnaires. Research findings and results: Hedi Town commenced inadequate physical education in rural primary schools reals,less physical education teaching content;less proportion of full-time physical education teachers, a large proportion of part-time physical education teachers; poor infrastructure,more primitive courts,less sports funding,poor implementation of the new curriculum standards.

  1. Urban Lighting Project for a Small Town: Comparing Citizens and Authority Benefits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Cellucci

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The smart and resilient city evolves by slow procedures of mutation without radical changes, increasing the livability of its territory. The value of the city center in a Smart City can increase through urban lighting systems: its elements on the territory can collect and convey data to increase services to city users; the electrical system becomes the so-called Smart Grid. This paper presents a study of smart lighting for a small town, a touristic location inside a nature reserve on the Italian coast. Three different approaches have been proposed, from minimal to more invasive interventions, and their effect on the territory has been investigated. Based on street typology and its surroundings, the work analyzes the opportunity to introduce smart and useful services for the citizens starting from a retrofitting intervention. Smart city capabilities are examined, showing how it is possible to provide new services to the cities through ICT (Information and Communication Technology without deep changes and simplifying the control of basic city functions. The results evidence an important impact on annual energy costs, suggesting smart grid planning not only for metropolis applications, but also in smaller towns, such as the examined one.

  2. Urban Vitality in Dutch and Chinese New Towns. A comparative study between Almere and Tongzhou

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Zhou

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Building new towns seems to be a rational regionalization approach that releases pressure from overly burdened large cities. This strategy was developed in Western Europe in the middle of twentieth century. Since the 1990s, the European new town model has been widely implemented in China. However, the author questions the feasibility of the large-scale, hasty new town developments. The study of worldwide new town experiences, especially European and Chinese cases, demonstrates that many new towns in fact have difficulty in achieving a real sense of urban quality and vitality. So far, few research projects have been conducted to evaluate and develop solutions for this problem.The purpose of this research project is therefore to identify the spatial and non-spatial factors and conditions that facilitate the development of urban vitality in new towns. It is aimed to reveal the impacts of spatial design, urban planning and governance approaches on the degree and patterns of local urban life of new towns in China and in the Netherlands. The generated knowledge of this research project helps develop not only a better understanding of the main problems of new towns, but also spatial strategies with the aim to enliven new towns and other types of (suburban areas as well. The central research question is approached through literature review and case studies.The literature review provides a critical re-evaluation of the scientific validation of the new town model, especially the notion of town self-containment in economic terms. The relevant theories under study mainly include regional science and economic geography. The literature review also clarifies the general definition of urban vitality and its distinct meanings in different socio-economic and political backgrounds of the two societies, sets up the quantitative measurements methodology, and identifies a preliminary framework of spatial factors and conditions. As it turns out, the key indicators of

  3. Study on Village and Town Development Mode and Land Use Policy of Urban Fringe: A Case Study of Wuhan City%武汉市城市边缘区村镇发展模式与土地利用政策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李强; 严金明

    2012-01-01

    With the rapid urbanization and social economic rapid development,the demand of urban spatial expansion is also ever-increasing. Establishing the development mode of village and town and land use policy has become an urgent issue Under the guidance of urban and rural development strategy, the land utilization mechanism was discussed which to realize the coordination and win-win among the ecology frame construction, the district level economic development demand, the city overall space optimization and the agricultural land resources conservatioa The urban fringe of Wuhan City was taken as a case study in this paper, and the demand of village and town construction pattern and land use policy were analyzed from the land utilization characteristic, industrial development direction and guidance. The fringe area of Wuhan City (involve 12 regions,37 townships) were divided into the type of ecology control, guidance development and the city development, and the region industry layout was taken as the support,a development system of villages and small towns in the area was presented,which was the "township+ community+developing-park". The village community construction was proposed in urban fringe, the 650 original villages were divided into the type of relocation,control and development villages. It aimed at providing the pattern for reference as safeguards and promoting the village and town development in urban fringe. And the response mechanism of related land utilization policy was explored from the correlative with increase and decrease of construction land in rural and town, the construction land of collective ownership circulation, the agricultural land use system reform and region land comprehensive improvement%在城乡统筹发展战略的指引下,探讨武汉市城市边缘区实现生态框架构建、区域经济发展诉求、城市整体空间优化与农用地资源保护协调共赢的土地利用机制.分析武汉市城市边缘区的土地利用特点

  4. Innovation centres as growth points for smaller towns and rural areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belova A. V.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the role of innovative centres in the development of surrounding areas beyond large cities. At the same time, the innovative development of rural areas should be of a composite nature; municipality development strategies take innovations into account. International practices serve as a an argument in favour of establishing innovative centres in smaller and medium-sized towns in order to facilitate the socioeconomic development of the territory and surrounding rural areas. Science parks created in smaller towns give a boost to socioeconomic development. The authors analyse the case of the science park in the town of Gusev in the Kaliningrad region and emphasise the role of development and adoption of legal acts at regional and municipal levels, for example, the law «On the production policy of the Kaliningrad region».

  5. Archaeoastronomy and Calendar Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campion, Nicholas

    2016-02-01

    The use of astronomy for collective purposes, both religious and political, is apparent in the earliest astronomical records, from the evidence for Palaeolithic lunar calendars to megalithic monuments and Mesopotamian celestial-omen reports. This paper will consider the application of the heavens to the organisation of the ‘Cosmic State’, the human polity modelled on the assumption of a close relationship between society on the one hand and planetary and stellar patterns on the other. I will also examine the foundation of Baghdad within the tradition of celestial town planning and argue that the city may be seen as a ‘talisman’, designed to connect heaven to Earth and ensure peace, stability and political success by harmonising time and space.

  6. The small cities at the confluence of urban and rural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Lobato Corrêa

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the role of small cities in Brazil as regards the relations between urban and rural. We assume that small towns are situated at the confluence of urban and rural. But their role is different and we admit to be possible to establish ideal types of small towns that are capable of making them understandable to us as large and complex network of cities.

  7. Reward and Punishment Patterns in Rural and Town Schoolchildren

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, E. D.; Slaughter, Margo Fitzgerald

    1977-01-01

    In this study 480 children from two types of communities, rural and town, were interviewed concerning recent critical incidents involving praise or punishment. Data were used to evaluate sex differences, community differences, and grade level differences. (SB)

  8. An Undiscouered Scenic Town in Western China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    AI; MEI

    2002-01-01

    WE came across Fubao (fortune and trea-sure) Town by chance during a trip to Fobao (Buddhist Treasure) Mountain in Sichuan Province. Cloaked in dense forest, watered by rivers and waterfalls, and the habitat of various wild animals, the mountain is 46 kilometers from Hejiang County, Luzhou City. At its foot nestles the small secluded town of Fubao, little changed throughout the centuries.First emerging in the late Song Dynasty, Fubao Town took shape during the Ming Dynasty.

  9. Town Centre Redevelopment Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vagnby, Bo Hellisen

    After many years of urban growth Danish downtowns are facing some important choices. Shall the stake one-sidedly be on the town centres as driving forces for growth and 'city marketing', or do they still have a role to play in a broader socio-economic context? In the paper we look back on eight...... during late years, where increased internationalisation is in focus and where it seems as if the social dimension of the town centre planning is slipping out of the hands of the urban planners....

  10. Regional Economic Types and Development Strategy of Small Towns in Suburb Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hun Fei; Cai Jianming; Liu Junping

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to classify the regional economic types and development dynamics of small towns in suburb Beijing by applying the classification methods developed by Nelson's method and Location Quotient method into 183 small towns in Beijing.Four types of small towns are thus identified,including urban agriculture dominated towns,manufacturing dominated towns,service industry dominated towns and comprehensive type towns with balanced economic development.Within the environment of geographical information system,the spatial distribution pattern of four types of small towns with their evolution trend is analyzed.The results indicate that four types of small towns have obvious 'core-periphery' spatial structure but with different functional orientations and evolution mechanisms.Based on this,the different development strategies for each type of small towns are summarized,providing a scientific reference for the differentiating planning and development strategies of these small towns.

  11. Dynamic Analysis on Population Suburbanization and New Town Development in Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang; Chunlan; Yang; Shangguang

    2016-01-01

    This paper studies the suburbanization process of Shanghai from 2000 to 2010 and the population aggregation of its five suburban new towns including Jiading,Songjiang,Qingpu,Nanqiao,and Lingang.It finds that Shanghai’s population distribution pattern is featured by both continuity and variety.In detail,although Shanghai is still dominated by a single-centered expansion pattern,a multi-centered spatial pattern is gradually formed with a narrowing gap in population density between the central city and the suburbs.As the suburbanization of the migrant population is faster than that of the registered population and migrants re-gather in the central city as a result of its service industry development,there is a relatively smaller migrant population in the area between the Inner Ring Road and the Outer Ring Road.Consequently,the population in the new towns that the city planning strategy has focused on is not increasing at the expected speed,thus more attention should be paid to a reasonable central citycentered,multi-leveled,towns-grouped,and compact urban spatial structure.

  12. Tropospheric ozone and its regional transport over Cape Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nzotungicimpaye, Claude-Michel; Abiodun, Babatunde J.; Steyn, Douw G.

    2014-04-01

    As part of efforts to understand the sources of air pollution in Cape Town, this study investigates the local variation of tropospheric ozone (O3) and identifies possible advection paths of O3 pollution from a remote source to Cape Town. Measurements of O3 and wind from three sites in the Cape Town area were analyzed to study the local variations of O3. At each site, the diurnal variation of O3 is found to be mainly driven by photochemical production while the seasonal variation of O3 is mostly driven by wind conditions. The highest concentration of O3 is observed at the remote site (Cape Point) while lowest O3 concentration is observed at the sub-urban site (Goodwood), where there are chemical sinks of O3 such as NOx. Atmospheric pollution over southern Africa was simulated to study the regional transport of O3. The simulations show that extreme O3 levels in Cape Town can be caused by air pollution transported from the industrial Highveld of South Africa, in the lower troposphere. Such extreme O3 pollution events over Cape Town are simulated to occur in January (14%), March (44%), April (28%) and September (14%). Lagrangian trajectories suggest four paths by which air parcels can be transported from the industrial Highveld to Cape Town: a north-easterly path which is the most frequent route, a tropical deviation route, a deviation along the south coastline and an oceanic deviation path which is the less frequent route. The major advection paths associated with poor air quality in Cape Town are the north-easterly route and the path along the south coastline of the country. Hence the study suggests that emissions in the industrial Highveld may contribute to O3 concentration in the Cape Town area.

  13. Multiple benefits and values of trees in urban landscapes in two small towns in northern South Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Shackleton, S.; Chinyimba, A.; Hebinck, P.G.M.; Shackleton, C.; Kaoma, H.

    2015-01-01

    Cities and towns can be conceptualised as complex social-ecological systems or landscapes that are composed of different spatial elements. Trees in urban landscapes provide a variety of tangible and intangible benefits (ecosystem services) that may be valued differently across diverse households and

  14. Preliminary Study of Ancient Town Protection and Rural Tourism Development of Caoshi Town in Hengdong County,Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The typical style and features of mountains and waters in Caoshi Ancient Town,have hitherto been well preserved. Caoshi Ancient Town boasts superior base of the natural eco-environment and deep-rooted background of regional culture,where mountains,waters,shoals,towns and other landscape elements are merged harmoniously,the transportation and geographical conditions have been fundamentally changed. Ancient towns,old temples,ancient forests,ancient wells and ancient piers are unique in different ways,with characteristics of tourism resources such as long history and ancient folklore. It should seize the historical opportunity of China vigorously developing rural tourism based on the construction of the new socialist countryside,to make characteristic agricultural economy gain ground; assume the leading role to drive the development of tourism economy in surrounding areas; correctly handle the relationship between development and protection to walk the path of sustainable development of tourism.

  15. Reflections on the Urban Planning Practice of New Towns Cultural Background of Architecture and City%新城规划实践的思考 城市和建筑的文化背景

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高雷平

    2012-01-01

    The article takes the perspective of a manager of urban construction and points out that the key factor in improving the quality of urban construction lies in construction management and the cultural awareness in design.The author proposes that the control exercised by urban planning on architecture should not be confined to targets,but the need for innovative,humane and artistic management is of higher priority.The architectural achievements of Qingpu and Jiading Districts in terms of new town development have been endorsed.%文章从城市建设的管理者角度出发,指出提高城市建设品质的关键因素在于建设的管理和设计需要文化自觉,提出规划对建筑的控制不应局限于指标控制,更需要创新的、人性的和艺术的管理,同时肯定了青浦和嘉定在新城建设中的建设成就。

  16. Memory culture and the contemporary city : building sites

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Staiger, Uta; Steiner, Henriette; Webber, Andrew

    "These essays by leading figures from academia, architecture and the arts consider how cultures of memory are constructed for and in contemporary cities. They take Berlin as a key case of a historically burdened metropolis, but also extend to other global cities: Jerusalem, Buenos Aires, Cape Town...

  17. Spatial transition of Sizhuang town in Gaoping city of Shanxi province%山西高平市寺庄镇公共空间的变迁

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫微

    2012-01-01

    基于山西高平寺庄镇的村落公共空间考察,从型构动力出发,将寺庄镇地区的公共空间划分为行政型公共空间、制度型公共空间和生活型公共空间,并探讨了在不同时期不同类型公共空间的变迁,对农村公共空间规划具有现实意义。%Based on the investigation of spatial transition of Sizhuang town in Gaoping city of Shanxi province, to begin with the structural dynam- ic, the paper divides the public space of Sizhuang town into administrative public space, regulatory public space and living public space, and ex- plores various spatial transition at various era, which has certain realistic meaning for planning rural public space.

  18. Port Development and Town Planning in North West England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Richard

    2013-12-01

    This paper examines the links between the development of harbour facilities and planned towns, especially in the head port area of Carlisle in North West England. Largely based on documentary research and field observation it examines the development of Whitehaven and other Atlantic ports it influenced in Cumberland, Westmorland and north Lancashire. It examines these developments in their international context and shows how they were initiated by local landowners to maximise the output of their estates and to enhance their personal prestige. Beginning in the seventeenth century the paper demonstrates how this tradition of town and harbour foundation continued on into the nineteenth century when it was adopted by corporate concerns, especially railway companies. The paper concludes by highlighting how harbour developments associated with town planning helped to urbanise and stimulate the economy of a previously under-developed area. Two maps identify the locations of the places discussed.

  19. Charles Hard Townes: Remarkable Scientist and Inspiring Teacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldsmith, P. F.

    2016-05-01

    Charles Townes is renowned for his work elucidating the structure of molecules through microwave spectroscopy and for his invention of the maser and the laser. He also had a lifelong interest in astronomy, and in the later portion of his remarkable and long career devoted himself to astronomical research, pioneering the study of molecules in interstellar space and the development of infrared spectroscopy, first from the ground and then from airborne facilities. His interest in high angular resolution, as well as high spectral resolution observations, led to development of the first infrared spatial interferometer employing coherent signal processing techniques. In this short review I will only touch on some of Townes' many scientific contributions, concentrating on astronomy, and will also give some personal thoughts about how he inspired students in their research, helping to make the "Townes Group" at the University of California, Berkeley, an ideal environment in which to start a career in research.

  20. Unstructured socialization and territorialization. A street-ethnographic take on urban youth in a medium-sized town in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gravesen, David Thore; Frostholm, Peter Hornbæk

    2015-01-01

    and sense of belonging to certain districts of the city. Through positioning battles of various kinds the groups fight for space and place for their unstructured socialization processes with their peers. Officially, the municipality donated the facility to give local children and young people an opportunity......Abstract / Journal of youth studies Conference 2015 Peter Frostholm Olesen & David Thore Gravesen Unstructured socialization and territorialization. A street-ethnographic take on urban youth in a medium-sized town in Denmark. In 2013, the municipality in Horsens, a medium-sized provincial town...... in Denmark, bestowed the city's children and young people a skater / parkour / ball-cage facility right on the city's central squares. The facility serves as a territorial meeting place for a number of conflicting groups of adolescents with different codes of behavior based on their cultural orientation...

  1. Prevalence of mental retardation among children in RS Pura town of Jammu and Kashmir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Kumar Raina

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the Prevalence of mental retardation in children 3 to 10 years of age. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in the framework of a population based, single centre, cross-sectional study at R.S.Pura town, 22 kms south- west of Jammu city. Results: A total of 61 (0.79 percent of the 7,707 children surveyed had positive screening results on the Ten Questions instrument. 56 (0.72percent children were diagnosed as suffering from mental retardation. Serious mental retardation was diagnosed in 48 children and mild mental retardation was diagnosed in 8 children. The combined prevalence estimates of mild and serious mental retardation were 7.2/1000. No notable sex differences were observed for either serious or mild retardation. Interpretation: The prevalence rates of mental retardation among children less than 19 years of age in R. S. town compares favorably with studies from developed world.

  2. Characterization of Wastewater in Rajouri Town, Jammu And Kashmir, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zishan Aslam

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Water exaggerated physically, chemically as well as biologically is known as wastewater. Thrown away process of solid waste and its treatment has been the foremost environmental setback for most of the cities in India especially in rural area. To make people aware about the level of contaminants in wastewater and to suggest the ways of treatment of wastewater which will result in disposing off of domestic effluents without any danger to human health, a study on characteristics of wastewater in Rajouri town in Jammu and Kashmir was conducted. Concentrations of various physicochemical parameters like Total dissolved solids (TDS, pH, Turbidity, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD, Chemical Oxygen Demand(COD, Alkalinity, Hardness Chloride Content, Nitrogen, Ammonium, Phosphorous, Iron and E-coli bacteria were determined. Study was done on five different sampling locations. All the parameters were found to be generally exceeding the limits set by W.H.O except for few sampling locations. The sampling site which was found to be the most polluted was Muradpur (SL 5 thus affecting the population there because of being on the downstream side and the least affected site was Kheora (SL2. In some sampling stations due to presence of vegetation at the disposal sites, the quality of sewage to some extent are acceptable may be because the vegetation absorb some of its undesirable constituents. To treat this wastewater and make it suitable for various purposes like irrigation, vegetation and other domestic purposes a treatment plant which will benefit population of 37,552 souls. Construction of wetlands will also lead to effective treatment and management of wastewater.

  3. 营养宣教对南昌市城镇小学生营养知识、营养态度、营养行为的影响%Effects of Nutrition Propaganda and Education on Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Town Primary Students in Nanchang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯花

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解南昌市城镇小学生营养知识、营养态度、营养行为的现状,评价营养宣教对南昌市城镇小学生营养知识、营养态度和营养行为的影响.方法 采取整群抽样法,同时对290名南昌市城镇小学生采用自行设计的问卷调查表进行问卷调查,并进行营养宣教.比较营养宣教前后小学生营养知识、营养态度、营养行为情况.结果 南昌市城镇小学生营养宣教后营养知识评分值、总评分值均显著高于营养宣教前,差异均有统计学意义(均P<0.01);营养宣教后营养行为评分值显著高于营养宣教前,但差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).营养宣教后在非常关心健康、营养好坏对学习和健康有影响、对营养知识感兴趣、愿意放弃自己爱吃而不利于健康的食物、愿意吃不喜欢的健康食品、喜欢参加体育活动等方面所占比例均较营养宣教前增加,但差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05).营养宣教后在每周吃5~6次早餐、每天吃早餐等方面所占比例均较营养宣教前增加,但差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05).营养宣教后每天喝牛奶所占比例较营养宣教前增加,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);营养宣教后经常喝(3次及以上)牛奶、有时喝(3次以下)牛奶所占比例均较营养宣教前增加,但差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05);营养宣教后从不喝牛奶所占比例较营养宣教前下降,但差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).营养宣教后每天进食蔬菜5种以上所占比例均较营养宣教前增加,但差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05).结论 营养宣教能提高小学生的营养知识,改善其态度及行为,应在南昌市城镇小学中广泛开展.%Objective To understand the current situation of nutrition knowledge,attitude and behavior of town primary students in Nanchang city,and to evaluate the effects of nutrition propaganda and education on nutrition knowledge, attitude and

  4. City positioning theories and city core competencies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xinquan; Zhu

    2007-01-01

    Gity positioning The Chinese city in a decision develops the topic of the destiny. Since the 90's of 20 centuries, the economic integral and globalization developed rapidly. The development make national boundary become not so important, the function of the city is increasingly outstanding. In other words, national competition ability is morally now on the city competition ability. At the same time, this development result that the industry is divided internationally and is divided in cities. Therefore, under the condition of globalization, if the city wants the superior development, it must take advantages and avoid shortage, to position the city accurately, establish the competition and development the strategy. The city positioning is clearly defined the city competition ability, more important it indicated the direction of the city development. Trough the analysis of the resource and environment of the city, decide an accurate position of the best function of the city, well configure the inner and outside resource, catch the opportunities,face the challenges, maximized the market share in order to maximized the wealth and city competition ability.

  5. A Town Of Rivers And Lakes In My Dream Li Ronghua’s Watercolour Paintings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>I was born on the Yangtze River and went boating, cut reeds, caught fish and raised ducks when I was a child. As time goes by, my memory of childhood has been on the wane, but the river still reflects myself and history as a live mirror.In the past 20 years, I had chances to visit the towns of rivers and lakes in the south of the Yangtze River. I still remember the scene I saw at Wuzheng, Tongxiang City: a

  6. 旅游地居民对主题景区旅游影响的感知与态度——以常州环球恐龙城为例%Residents' perception and attitude of the tourism impact of the Global Dinosaur Town in Changzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    衣传华; 黄常州

    2013-01-01

    以常州环球恐龙城为例,利用因子分析、回归分析和聚类分析等方法,研究了旅游地居民对主题景区旅游影响的感知与态度.结果表明:①常州城市居民对环球恐龙城旅游影响的感知特征可归纳为“社会失序”、“文化素质提升”、“地方认同和生活环境改善”、“吸引力增强”、“综合效益提升”、“生活环境恶化”和“生活成本提高”等7个维度,居民对积极影响的感知强度整体上高于消极影响.②常州城市居民对环球恐龙城发展的态度与旅游影响感知密切联系,各感知因子对居民态度的不同维度有显著影响.③根据对环球恐龙城发展的态度,可将常州城市居民划分为“乐观支持者”、“理性支持者”、“谨慎支持者”、“冷漠态度者”等4种类型,总体来说,常州城市居民对环球恐龙城旅游发展的态度较为积极与理性.%Taking Global Dinosaur Town in Changzhou City as an example,this paper makes a research about the residents' perception on and attitude towards the tourism impact of themed scenic spots by means of factor analysis,regression analysis,(and) cluster analysis.The results are shown as follows.(1) The residents' perceptions can be classified into seven dimensions; namely,“out of social order”,“improvement of the life quality”,“comprehensive benefits and local identification”,“increasing degree of extroversion and openness,“interruption of life”,environmental degradation”,and increasing cost of living”.And also the residents believe that the positive impacts of Global Dinosaur Town are more obvious than the negative ones.(2) The residents are in favor of the development of Global Dinosaur Town,(and) “comprehensive benefits” and “local identification”,“opening to the outside world”,and “increasing cost of living” exert great impacts on the residents' attitude.3.According to the different attitudes towards

  7. Quantify the landscape effect and environmental sustainability of rural re(g)ion planning at town scale near metropolis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shiliang LIU; Yuhong DONG; Minxia WEN; Bin CHEN

    2009-01-01

    The urban fringe, which can be seen as a special form of regional ecosystem with a spatial transition from urban to rural areas, has strong heterogeneity and is a typical ecologically sensitive area. The expansion of cities and the landscape effect of the changes have attracted wide attention. The primary aim of this study is to obtain an understanding of the spatial patterns of landscape conversion and the corresponding environmental sustainability. With the help of GIS and Fragstats software, the changes of landscape patterns before and after town planning were compared in An-Ding town of Beijing, of which the sustainability was also revealed based on the ecological footprint using social and economic statistic data. Theresults showed that the landscape pattern changed greatly during its conversion from several villages to a small town and the landscape fragmentation increased due to road construction. Meanwhile, human disturbance increased with the constructed land extension. For the gap between the ecological footprint and the biological capacity, AnDing town ran an ecological deficit at that period, which means it was unsustainable. However, the environmental sustainability decreased after planning due to the degraded green land and forest. The results suggested that ecological management should be strengthened during the town planning period.

  8. Functional Optimization and Performance lmprovement of Traditional Brick-Timber Buildings:Renovation on House by the North River of Zhoutie Town, Yixing City%传统砖木建筑功能与性能整体提升的实践初探*--宜兴市周铁镇北河沿民宅更新设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍莉; 金海波

    2016-01-01

    Based on the renovation design of a riverside traditional Brick-Timber house at Zhoutie Town, Yixing City, this paper has mainly illustrated how renovation achieves an integrated functional optimization and performance improvement from the following process: function programming, structure reinforcement, thermal environment improvement, luminous environment design and architecture style control. By the utility of local techniques and materials as wel, the author has explored a method of sustainable renovation on existing Brick-Timber houses in Jiangnan Region.%以宜兴周铁镇北河沿民居改造设计为例,以建筑功能与性能整体提升为目标,从功能策划、空间重组、结构加固、热环境改善、能源资源再利用、光环境设计、风貌控制等方面出发,探索基于可持续性改造原则并结合地方材料与建造工艺的江南地区传统砖木民居更新的实践经验。

  9. Planning and Research on the Landscape Figuring for Mountain-River Type Small Town -- Take the Urban Landscape Planning of Baise City Xilin County as the Example%山水型小城镇景观风貌塑造的规划探索--以百色市西林县城市景观风貌规划为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓夏; 陶月华

    2014-01-01

    当今,许多城市的建设面临特色缺失的危机。而百色市西林县城市景观风貌规划从如何塑造山水型小城镇景观风貌这一根本目的出发,采用以景观控制规划引导、指导城市建设的规划理念,运用系统控制的方法,彰显出了独具个性的城市景观风貌特征。%Nowadays, many urban constructions face the crisis that lacking of characteristic. Starting from how to shape the mountain-river type smal town landscape, the landscape planning of Baise city Xilin county adheres to the philosophy that landscapes control the planning and guide the urban co- nstruction and use the systematicaly control method, which highlight the unique characteristics of urban landscape.

  10. Study on development of tourist real estate leading by self-driving tours---Practical experience and exploration of "self-tourism town"in Wuyi Mountain City%浅析以自驾游为主导的旅游地产开发--武夷山“自遊小镇”建设的实践经验与探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林昌磊

    2016-01-01

    Self-driving tour is a new emerging kind of landed property promoting by development of Chinese real estate , it is an important branch of development of multiple element of real estate , and it certainly will become a sustainable development industry .Construction code of tourist real estate project , enriching of industry status , formation of operation network , construction of brand , development of con-sciousness on environment will be investigated in this article combining with construction of "self-tourism town"in Wuyi Mountain City .%旅游地产是我国房地产发展推动下而产生的新兴地产类别,是房地产开发多元化的一个重要分支,势必将成为一种可持续发展的行业。本文结合武夷山“自遊小镇”项目的建设,尝试对旅游地产项目建设的规范、业态的丰富、运营网络的形成、品牌的建设、环境保护意识的培养进行深入探究。

  11. Research on Public Security System in Small Cities and Towns Based on Fishbone Diagram and Principal Component Analysis---A Case Study of Binxian County in Heilongjiang Province%基于鱼骨图和主成分法的小城镇公共安全体系研究--以黑龙江宾县为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙明; 王绍玉

    2015-01-01

    Environmental carrying capacity index are introduced into evaluation system of public safety in small towns based on fishbone diagram.By using Principal Component Analysis ( PCA) and with the help of SPSS ( Statistical Program for Social Sciences) software, carrying capacities for public security environment of 17 villages in Binxian County are evaluated.Factors affecting the bearing capacity of public security environment are found out, and the comprehensive evaluation value of the capacity in each village is calculated to get a sorting of the bear-ing capacities of different villages.The result shows that there are big differences among the bearing capacities;bearing factors of infrastructure and land affect the bearing capacities most;increasing investment into public safety and ecological infrastructure, and using idle land effectively could better improve the bearing capacity for public se-curity in cities and towns.%基于鱼骨图法,引入环境承载力指标构建小城镇公共安全评价体系。采用主成分法(PCA),结合统计软件SPSS对宾县17个乡镇的公共安全环境承载能力进行评价,找出影响公共安全环境承载能力的重要因子,计算出各乡镇公共安全承载能力的综合评价值,得到不同乡镇的公共安全承载能力排序。结果表明:各乡镇公共安全承载能力差异较大,且基础设施承载因子和土地承载因子是影响乡镇公共安全承载能力最重要的因子,加大公共安全和生态基础设施的投入、有效利用闲置土地,可以较好地提高城镇公共安全承载能力。

  12. What’s left, what’s been done and what next? England’s 2000 Rural White Paper: Town council activities and a survey of town clerks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gordon Morris

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The research discussed in this paper was prompted by the writer’s interest in the roles of England’s small country (“market” towns. It has two aims: first, to discover the extent to which the work programmes announced in the British government’s Rural White Paper (RWP 2000 (DETR-MAFF 2000 are recognised by town clerks, and second, to find out what town councils are doing, either on their own, or with others, and to gauge the potential and desire that they have for a greater degree of autonomy. In both cases the data was gathered from an online questionnaire sent to town clerks.

  13. Quality of life declines in big and growing cities. Poverty in cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harel, K

    1997-01-01

    The quality of life in developing countries during the first couple of decades after the Second World War was higher in cities than in small towns and villages. However, the relative advantage of city dwellers in developing countries has declined since the 1970s, with high-growth rate cities experiencing a more severe decline. Infant mortality levels in Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa in the 1990s are as high in large cities as in the smallest towns and villages. In most developing regions, big city residents are increasingly disadvantaged, such that researchers and policymakers can no longer assume that the quality of life in urban areas is better than in rural areas. The urban transformation of the developing world is similar to the 19th century urbanization of now-developed countries, but today many more people are crowding into far bigger cities. Using survey information from 43 countries representing 63% of the developing world's urban population outside of China and India, Martin Brockerhoff of the Population Council and Ellen Brennan of the UN Population Division found that rapid population growth and big size have overwhelmed the capacity of cities to provide essential goods and services.

  14. New energy visions for the Town of Naie district. Human-friendly Town of Naie City by environment-friendly energies; Naiemachi chiiki shin energy vision. Kankyo ni yasashii energy ga tsukuru hito ni yasashii machi Naie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The new energy visions are drawn for Town of Naie, Sorachi-gun in Hokkaido, where the industrial sector (manufacturing industries) consumes more than 60% of the total energy consumption. By energy type, oil and others account for 80%. When arranged in the order of expected recoverable quantity, the new energies for the town include utilization of solar energy, photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation, and utilization of wastes, biomass energy (agricultural products) and snow energy. The basic guidelines for introduction of new energies are for health and welfare, clearing and utilization of snow, environmental education and bringing up talented persons, supporting the related entrepreneurs, and integration of new energy with promotion of energy-saving movement. The priority projects the town plans to promote include utilization of biogas and temperature-differential energy for the town's water purification center; foundation of the Naie eco-school; and drawing conceptions for utilization of underground heat, utilization of low-temperature and snow/ice energy, co-energy around the spa of Naie, and mega-solar and eco-park at the Sorachi housing complex. (NEDO)

  15. The town in Serbia and Bulgaria: A comparative reading of current processes. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zlatanović Sanja

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The topic of this volume is a result from The Contemporary City in Serbia and Bulgaria: Processes and Changes, a bilateral project of the Institute of Ethnography of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts and the Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (2014-2016. The six papers offer a comparative view of current social processes in two neighbouring Balkan countries, linked by numerous historical and political experiences. Comparative research into societal trends enables a more thorough understanding and monitoring of global processes. In today’s increasingly globalised and glocalised world, towns experience sudden changes and it is in the towns that these changes are most vividly to be seen. The focus of our research is on the dynamism of the contemporary town, on processuality and changes in societal practices. Ana Luleva examines life in the small town of Nessebar in southeast Bulgaria, which has been on the UNESCO World Heritage list since 1983. The protection, management and presentation of Nessebar’s cultural heritage are highly complex issues, further complicated by the problem of collision with the interests of the inhabitants. The author analyses the relations between the various factors - the state administration, municipal authorities and the local population. Here the tourist industry, investment interests, corrupt institutions and civil society all play their part. Ivanka Petrova chose to research Belogradchik, a small town in northwest Bulgaria. Petrova investigates how local social and cultural resources are used in the work of a family tourist enterprise. The author looks for answers to questions such as: how its members identify with the town and its culture and how the work of the enterprise fits into the Belogradchik local context. At the focus of her paper are current societal practices: the local urban economy and the production of images and symbols

  16. 我国乡镇基层青年团员的现状分析与对策研究--以湘乡市泉塘镇为例%The Status quo Analysis of China's Rural Grass-roots Youth Members and Countermeasures--Take Xiangxiang City Quantang Town as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李星

    2015-01-01

    Hunan Institute of Engineering, School of Mechanical Engineering Youth League Xiangxiang City Quantang Town utilization of field research data, on the factors affecting the Xiangxiang City Quantang Town members of youth de-velopment descriptive statistical analysis, in-depth understanding of the impact on rural development in youth development, reflect the value of youth is inseparable from the big stage to provide local, self-improvement is the potential development of contemporary youth community.%湖南工程学院机械工程学院团总支利用对湘乡市泉塘镇实地调研数据,对影响湘乡市泉塘镇团员青年发展的因素进行描述性统计分析,深入了解青年成长对乡镇发展的影响,青年的价值体现离不开当地为其提供的大舞台,当代青年的自我完善就是社会的潜在发展过程。

  17. 赤峰市某镇污水治理工程实例%A Sewage Treatment Project Case in a Town of Chifeng City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟稚会

    2012-01-01

    赤峰某镇污水处理厂按近期3×104 m3/d,远期按6×104 m3/d进行设计.通过对传统活性污泥法和SBR污水处理系统进行技术特性、工程投资、技术经济比较,确定选择SBR法污水处理系统.SBR池采用4池并联,运行周期为6h.污水处理成本为0.79元/m3.%The sewage treatment plant in a town of Chifeng city has been designed according to initial treatment capacity 3×104 m3/d and final treatment capacity 6×104 m3/d. Through comparison of technical characteristics, engineering investment, technical economic of the traditional activated sludge method and SBR sewage treatment system, SBR wastewater treatment system was selected. Four SBR pools were connected in parallel, cycle of operation was 6h. Sewage treatment cost was 0.79 Yuan / m3.

  18. Rural and Small Town School Counselors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, Richard E.; Sutton, John M., Jr.

    1999-01-01

    Group discussions and interviews with counselors in small and rural schools in Maine and upstate New York focused on the advantages and disadvantages of working in small schools, role generalization and confusion experienced by school counselors, professional autonomy and accountability, and the need for relevant inservice training. (Contains 33…

  19. Small Town Renewal: Overview and Case Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenyon, Peter, Ed.; Black, Alan, Ed.

    Many small, inland, and remote Australian rural communities continue to lose population and businesses, a trend that has intensified over the last 2 decades. Mean age continues to rise, while the 15-24 age group contracts dramatically. Such declining demographics are caused by the stress and uncertainty of volatile world commodity markets, as well…

  20. The Illusive Ground between Town and Gown

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heaney, Tom

    2013-01-01

    This chapter addresses complex dynamics and turmoil that may be unleashed when universities attempt to engage with community. Benefits and risks are examined through stories that illustrate the power and potential conflicts at the core of academic intrusions into the lives of marginalized people.

  1. Application and Comparison of Tsunami Vulnerability and Damage Models for the Town of Siracusa, Sicily, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pagnoni, Gianluca; Tinti, Stefano

    2016-12-01

    Siracusa is one of the most important cities of the eastern coast of Sicily, which according to historical records and to the present knowledge of the tectonic setting, is exposed to tsunamis generated by landslides on the Malta escarpment and by local and remote (e.g., Eastern Hellenic Arc) earthquakes. For this reason, the area of Siracusa has been selected as one of the test sites to conduct specific studies within the European FP7 project ASTARTE. In this frame, this work focuses on the assessment of tsunami vulnerability of (and damage to) the building stock of the town. The analysis is carried out following two different models, namely the SCHEMA and the Papathoma Tsunami Vulnerability Assessment (PTVA-3) methods. Topographic and building stock data in the potentially flooded areas are taken from detailed digital databases produced by the region of Sicily, integrated with satellite and photographic imagery from Google Earth and further validated by field surveys. We have explored three inundation scenarios corresponding to a constant-level tsunami flooding with assumed sea level rise of 1, 3 and 5 m, and evaluated the damage to the town buildings using both methods that make use of a 5-degree scale. The main result is that the level of damage of both models is not consistent, and that consistency may be improved if one changes from a 5- to a 3-degree damage scale.

  2. Poverty Occurrence Characteristics of Ancient Towns and Villages in Shanxi Province and Poverty Reduction Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Based on the questionnaire of 10 sample ancient towns and villages in Shanxi Province,we analyze the poverty occurrence characteristics of ancient towns and villages in Shanxi Province: the poverty incidence in ancient towns and villages is high,with the slow pace of poverty re- duction; the regional characteristics of poverty is prominent; there are conspicuous differences in income between residents living in old houses and residents not living in old houses; poverty reduction shows vulnerability and instability. Then we put forward countermeasures for poverty reduction of ancient towns and villages in Shanxi Province as follows: first,improving the targeting mechanism of poverty in ancient towns and villages; second,speeding up the development of agricultural industrialization in ancient towns and villages; third,advancing internal " urbanization" of ancient towns and villages and new countryside construction; fourth,strengthening infrastructure building in ancient towns and villages; fifth,providing fair and efficient allocation of resources,and reducing regional differences; sixth,promoting the ability of residents in ancient towns and villages to cope with poverty reduction vulnerability.

  3. Temporal and Spatial Difference Research of Comprehensive Development Level about Town Economic in County Unit--A Case Study of Pizhou City in Jiangsu Province%县域单元乡镇经济综合发展水平时空差异研究--以邳州市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘雅萍; 孙德芳; 丁丽娜

    2013-01-01

    Taking pizhou city in jiangsu province as an example, this article sets up the comprehensive development level evalua-tion index system of township economy, evaluates the comprehen-sive development level of township economy in 2000, 2005 and 2008 in pizhou by using the factor analysis method. And township comprehensive economic development level changes in space and time is measured by using dynamic degree model. Some research finding shows that the overall spatial pattern of the comprehensive economic development level of pizhou township seems like a“L”shape, its space structure shows a typical “pole-axis”structure, and its development level has a characteristic of“football”type. The trend of time-space evolution results in a gradually formed“football” type of town economic structure mode in pizhou.%  以江苏省邳州市为例,构建乡镇经济综合发展水平评价指标体系,运用因子分析法对2000、2005和2008年邳州市乡镇经济综合发展水平进行评价,并用动态度模型测度2000年至2008年各乡镇的经济综合发展水平时空变化情况。研究发现邳州市乡镇经济综合发展水平的现状空间格局总体呈现反“L”形,空间结构呈现“点-轴”结构,发展等级呈现典型的“橄榄球”型;其时空演化的趋势是邳州市乡镇“橄榄球型”的经济结构模式逐步形成。

  4. 面向乡村度假游发展的小城镇总体规划实践——以福清市南岭镇为例%The master planning practice Based on rural tourism ——Taking the city of Fuqing in the town as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李寿涛

    2012-01-01

    福建是旅游大省,许多小城镇都拥有较高开发价值的旅游景观,在休闲旅游时代来临和全省推进试点城镇的背景下,这类小城镇表现出较强地发展诉求。但基于乡村旅游的小城镇,具有鲜明的自身特征,如人口季节波动性、设施超标准配置需求以及生态的脆弱性等,目前城镇的相关规范不足指导其规划编制。本文从福建南岭旅游小城镇总体规划实践出发,契合度假旅游和小城镇的特点,探讨面向度假旅游小城镇规划技术重点,希望为我省这一类小城镇规划编制提供有益的启发。%Fujian is a major tourism province, many small towns have high value for development of tourism landscape, tourism and leisure era and in the province to promote the pilot cities and towns under the background, this kind of small towns showed strong development appeal. But based on rural tourism small town, has its own characteristics, such as population, seasonal fluctuation, facilities of standard configuration needs and ecologi- cal vulnerability, at present town related standard insufficient guidance of planning. This article from the Fujian tourism small town master planning practice, FIT tourism and small town characteristic, discuss the holiday tourism small town planning technical focus, hope for our province this kind of town planning to provide beneficial inspiration.

  5. The Security and Development Nexus in Cape Town

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Steffen Bo

    2010-01-01

    In this article, I argue that the security and development nexus takes on specific forms depending on the context, and that in Cape Town’s coloured townships it is embodied in policies and practices around what has come to be known as the ‘war on gangs’. Furthermore, the war on gangs in Cape Town...... ‘differentiated citizenship’. Such differentiated citizenship is opposed to the universal inclusivity promised by post-apartheid South Africa. By exploring the specific merging of security and development in the Capetonian war on gangs as compared to counterinsurgency and the subsequent reconfiguration...

  6. Symmetry distribution of cities in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The authors of this paper induced five principles of geographical symmetry based on the space distributions of cities and towns in China. There is a symmetry distribution of cities and towns. The symmetry characteristics are the following: (i) the average coordination number of the cities (including large cities, medium cities and county towns) is 6 ( i.g. rotation symmetry); (ii) the distribution of large and medium cities are shown to be the latticework in which two directions are parallel to two main tectonic ones in China, respectively; (iii) the distribution of county towns of a province is also shown to be the latticework in which two directions are parallel to two tectonic ones in this province (i. g. two-dimensional translation ) and (iv) the concentric circle distribution of cities (CCDC) is centered round a large city (i. g. rotation symmetry).

  7. Air quality standards and town planning; Luchtkwaliteitsbeleid in ruimtelijk perspectief

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Dam, C.E.; Kruyt, H.A.; Dorel, F.G. [Bureau Luchtkwaliteit en Veiligheid, Directie Water en Milieu, Provincie Zuid-Holland, The Hague (Netherlands)

    1998-08-01

    Current levels of air pollutants still cause effects on human health. Therefore it is necessary to pay attention to air quality during town planning processes. A study of the Dutch Province of South Holland showed exceedances of air quality standards near motorways in 1995 as well as in 2010. Some objects should be excluded from these zones. These are objects where people either stay during a long time of the day, or are sensitive for air pollutants or places for physical exercising. Examples of these are houses, schools and hospitals. A scheme is presented for local authorities to take Dutch Air Quality Standards into account during physical planning. 7 refs.

  8. Challenges and prospects of Danish service towns in the new urban geography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje

    2012-01-01

    service centres. This development was accompanied by new communication and transport technologies including railways, which gave the towns the Danish name “stationsby” (“station town”). Many experienced rapid growth in population and economic activities, which first levelled off with the crisis......Many small towns in Denmark lost population and functions in recent decades. The service towns established between 1850 and 1940 take a considerable share of those. In that time almost 500 new towns emerged all over the country to serve the new export-oriented agricultural production as regional...... of the 1930s and later with the introduction of the car as dominant mode of transport. After a municipal reform in 1970, some of the railway towns became administrative centres in the new larger municipalities followed by a pronounced growth. However, most of the service towns are still very small: 40 % have...

  9. Suburbs and Cities

    OpenAIRE

    William N. Goetzmann; Matthew I. Spiegel; Susan M. Wachter

    1996-01-01

    This paper addresses the issue of how closely the fortunes of suburbs are tied to the fortunes of the central city. We use similarities in residential housing price dynamics as a measure of how closely the economies of cities and suburbs are related. We develop housing price indices for most of the zip codes in California, and use these in a clustering procedure to see whether cities and suburbs naturally aggregate together, or whether they move separately. We find that central cities tend to...

  10. Surveying the Process of Physical Development of Sahand New Town and Defining Appropriate Districts for Its Future Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Pourjafar

    2012-01-01

    appropriate ecological capabilities. The main goal of this study is defining the best direction for city development that has the least short-time and longtime bad effects. Research method is descriptive and analytical method and data have been collected from library and observational study. Sahand is a new town in East Azerbaijan which was constructed about two decades ago for controlling the extreme growth of Tabriz and for attracting the extra population of this metropolis. Sahand new town is 20 kilometers far away from Tabriz and it became a town in 2007. It has a population of about 16000 and a population of about 90000 was forecasted for this town at its master plan. The area of allocated lands for this town is about 12650 hectare and it is situated on the hillside of Sahand Mountain. According to the process of ecological capability assessment in this research, for assessing the ecological capability of each region, we have to identify a lot of natural resources parameters. In order to provide these resources for assessment, they must become to land identification and resource maps. Subsequently, this information will be used as different information layers for assessing. Also, the information and the requirements for this model of ecological capability assessment were arranged according to the criteria of ecologic model (urban, rural and industrial development model.In the next stage, given the systematic method and also applying software applications such as GIS, data layers were analyzed, integrated and overlaid by AHP technique. Then, the final map of ecological capability of case study region was produced. This map was produced according to privileging two groups of lands, quiet appropriate and rather appropriate lands. Eventually, the final map of ecological capability of case study region was produced by overlaying the maps of these two kinds of lands with regard to both groups. So, the appropriate land for future development of Sahand new town was determined.4

  11. Mourning Mandela: sacred drama and digital visuality in Cape Town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Uimonen

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The world united in unprecedented ways in mourning the global icon Nelson Mandela, an emotionally charged historical event in which digital visuality played an influential role. The memorial service for Nelson Mandela on Tuesday, 10 December 2013, gathered dignitaries and celebrities from around the world at the First National Bank Stadium in Johannesburg, to mourn the passing of Madiba and to celebrate his life work. At the Grand Parade in Cape Town, the event was broadcast on large public screens, followed by live music performances and narrowcast interaction with the audience. Building on recent research on public screens during global media events, this article addresses the mediated mourning rituals at the Grand Parade in terms of a sacred drama. Focusing on social relationality, the article discusses how digital visuality mediated a sense of global communitas, thus momentarily overcoming historical frictions between the global north and the global south, while expanding the fame of Madiba. Paying attention to the public display of visual memory objects and the emotional agency of images, it argues that digital visuality mediated social frictions between the living and the dead, while recasting a historical subject as a historical object. The article further discusses how digital visuality mediated cultural frictions of apartheid and xenophobia, through the positioning of Mandela in the pantheon of Pan-African icons, thus underlining the African origin of this global icon. The analysis is based on ethnographic observations and experiences in Cape Town.

  12. Developing Rural Central Towns:A Logical Necessity of Urbanization in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    There are a great number of small towns that distribute widely in China.How to develop a group of medium-and small-sized cities through central town development has turned into a strategic issue in the urbanization process of China.The paper analyzes the development goal of medium-and small-sized cities and the advantages and limitation for current central town development.It is stressed that developing central towns is a necessary process for China’s urbanization.

  13. In-town dispersion calculations with RIMPUFF and UDM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Astrup, P.; Thykier-Nielsen, S.; Mikkelsen, Torben

    2005-11-01

    Input to ERMIN, deposition of radioactive matter inside inhabited areas from releases both within and outside such areas, shall in a decision support system be produced by dispersion codes, followed by data-assimilation. The present work focuses on the differences in near surface concentrations and in depositions obtained with a code designed for dispersion of a release from a nuclear power plant, typically situated at a distance from densely inhabited areas, and a code specifically designed for predicting dispersion from sources inside urban areas. The codes applied are the RIMPUFF code, RIsoe Mesoscale PUFF model from Risoe National Laboratory, Denmark, and the UDM code, Urban Dispersion Model, from 'dstl', Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, Porton Down, United Kingdom. For an above-town release only small differences are seen between the codes, but for a in-town ground release, e.g. a dirty bomb, the UDM code predicts much larger concentrations in an area close to the release point and, if wind shifts occur, gives a rather different plume all over. (au)

  14. The shrinking mining city: urban dynamics and contested territory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez-Fernandez, Cristina; Wu, Chung-Tong; Schatz, Laura K; Taira, Nobuhisa; Vargas-Hernández, José G

    2012-01-01

    Shrinking mining cities — once prosperous settlements servicing a mining site or a system of mining sites — are characterized by long-term population and/or economic decline. Many of these towns experience periods of growth and shrinkage, mirroring the ebbs and flows of international mineral markets which determine the fortunes of the dominant mining corporation upon which each of these towns heavily depends. This dependence on one main industry produces a parallel development in the fluctuations of both workforce and population. Thus, the strategies of the main company in these towns can, to a great extent, determine future developments and have a great impact on urban management plans. Climate conditions, knowledge, education and health services, as well as transportation links, are important factors that have impacted on lifestyles in mining cities, but it is the parallel development with the private sector operators (often a single corporation) that constitutes the distinctive feature of these cities and that ultimately defines their shrinkage. This article discusses shrinking mining cities in capitalist economies, the factors underpinning their development, and some of the planning and community challenges faced by these cities in Australia, Canada, Japan and Mexico.

  15. 76 FR 16440 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Permits, Town of Apple Valley, San Bernardino...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Permits, Town of Apple Valley... expected application from the Town of Apple Valley, CA, for an incidental take permit (ITP) under the... Dale Evans Parkway, Apple Valley, CA 92307. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jen Lechuga,...

  16. Patient's Mental State and Psychological Recovery after the Earthquake in Qiaojia Town of Zhaotong City in Yunnan Province%云南省昭通市巧家县地震后患者心理状态及心理恢复

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏永兵

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To research patient's mental state and psychological recovery after the earth-quake in Qiaojia Town of Zhaotong City in Yunnan province.Methods:August 23 to August 11,2014,my colleagues and author got prospective observational study to a total of 258 cases of patients in Qiaojia town.Standard international classification of disease damage and cause of the tenth edition(ICD -10) were used to analyze depression, fear, and conduct disorder.Results:The psychological status gap be-tween severe injuries and minor injuries were statistically significant ( chi -square =12 .522 , P =0.000).Minor injuries psychological state was generally better,recover faster than severe injuries.Admis-sion and discharge of conduct disorder between two groups had no statistical difference.Depression and extensive anxiety between two groups in-hospital and out-hospital had no statistical difference.Severe injuries and minor injuries group had statistical difference(t=3.243,P<0.05) when out-hospital.Ad-mission and discharge both had statistical difference(t=4.531,P<0.05) between in-hospital and out-hospital.Conclusion:After the earthquake,psychological state of severe injuries and minor injuries re-cover well.Out-hospital and in-hospital have psychological recovery well.Patients can soon return to normal life,with a good attitude to meet the future life.%目的:研究云南省昭通市巧家县地震后患者心理状态及心理恢复。方法:2014年8月23日到9月11日笔者和同事对巧家县共计258例就诊者进行前瞻性观察性研究,国际疾病伤害及死因分类标准第十版( ICD-10)分析抑郁、恐惧和品行障碍情况。结果:重伤和轻伤各个时间段之间心理状态差距具有统计学意义(χ2=12.522,P=0.000)。轻伤者心理状态较重伤者普遍好,恢复也快。两组入院和出院的品行障碍在组间和组内之间均无统计学差异(P>0.05)。两组入院抑郁发作和广泛焦

  17. Changing tune in Woodstock: Creative industries and local urban development in Cape Town, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Wenz

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Since the beginning of the new millennium, a plethora of works has been published on the making of the ‘creative city’ and the urban impact of the creative economy. So far, however, limited recognition has been given to how the development of cultural industries and the creative economy as a whole influences urban transformation in the rapidly urbanising Global South, especially in Africa. In Cape Town, a steadily growing number of creative industries and ‘culturepreneurs’ (Lange 2005 are carving out new spaces from the city’s highly contested urban setting. Over the past five years, the mixed-use, inner-city fringe area of Woodstock has seen the incessant arrival of creatives from various sectors. Travelling alongside is a property sector geared towards catering specifically for the creative industries’ spatial demands by turning old industrial structures – the remains of Woodstock’s former capacity as national hub for clothing, food processing and other light manufacturing – into creative centres hosting international film studios, leading galleries and designer ‘theatre retail spaces’. After setting the stage through a comprehensive introduction to the rise of the creative economy in South Africa and Cape Town, this article tunes into the current local development of Woodstock, based on extensive field research in the area. It traces ways and forms of conflict but also new social interfaces between the new creative tenants and the old established community, on the one hand pointing to problematic issues like lingering gentrification, sociospatial polarisation and lopsided cultural representation while also trying to flesh out some of the opportunities for finding the right frequency of engagement between creative industries and spaces of vernacular creativity within Cape Town’s post-apartheid urban realm. Keywords: Creative economy, creative city, Global South, urban regeneration, gentrification, vernacular

  18. Old regime towns and villages: consent and conflict in local castile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Truchuelo García

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Castilian towns and villages had a long development process in medieval times. Then, they were formed as political bodies to the prosecution of the common good. Despite town and village reciprocal relationships were part of the common political body they formed together, their relationships were hierarchical. Towns, as heads of jurisdictional districts, kept relations of domination on the villages. There, powerful local lineages tried to widen their authority and power. This traditional scheme, that explained town and village Old Regime relationships, was changing in the long-run perspective. Charles V initiated sales of town titles and privileges to increase royal incomes. This favored not only these last, but also higher degrees of jurisdictional local autonomy and, at the same time, it went in favor of local oligarchies aspirations of wider spheres of local self government

  19. 甘肃山区城镇地质灾害风险区划技术方法探讨%Geological disaster risk assessment methods for mountainous cities and towns in Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭富赟; 孟兴民; 张永军; 李松; 谢正团; 熊木齐; 郭鹏

    2014-01-01

    The methods for geological hazard assessment in China and abroad were first briefly analyzed and then, according to the development situation of the geological disasters in mountainous areas of Gansu Province covered by the urban risk assessment project, and focusing on work deployment, technical ideas and evaluation methods for large scale risk assessment, especially for a quantitative evaluation method of geological disasters, the vulnerability and risk assessment were summarized and made. According to the characteristics of geological disaster risks, the geological disaster risk assessment was considered a progressive process, which means that the recognition of disaster should be the core of risk assessment, the risk assessment of geological disasters should be a key link, the vulnerability assessment should be the basis of the risk assessment, and risk zoning should be a comprehensive result of assessing risks and vulnerability.%在简要分析国内外地质灾害风险评估研究进展的基础上,根据甘肃省山区城镇地质灾害风险评估项目开展的情况,重点探讨了大比例尺风险评估工作部署、技术思路和评价方法,尤其是对地质灾害危险性、易损性和风险评估量化评价方法进行了总结。根据地质灾害风险评估工作特点,指出了地质灾害风险评估是一个递进性的过程。其中致灾体识别是风险评估的核心内容,地质灾害危险性评价是关键环节,易损性评价是在危险性评价的基础上得出的结果,风险区划则是危险性和易损性的综合结果。

  20. China countryside land market development innovation research basing on city and town integration%基于城乡一体化的我国农村土地市场发展创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓兰燕

    2011-01-01

    Through market mechanism to allocate land has become the practice in the world,compared with the urban state-owned land to the development of the market,rural collective land market development is slow,in both urban and rural land market duality,land secondary market by subject and use restrictions,land of 3 class market under the background of relative lack gradually highlight some new problems.Should be definite rural land property rights,breakthrough rural land use restrictions,perfect market requirements,foster two 3 class market,and gradually establish urban and rural unity,equality and orderly land market.%通过市场机制配置土地已成为世界各国通行的做法,相比城市国有土地市场的发展,农村集体土地市场发育缓慢,在城乡土地市场二元性、土地二级市场受到主体和用途限制、土地三级市场相对缺失的背景下逐渐凸显一些新问题。建议明确农村土地产权、突破农村土地用途限制、完善市场要件、培育二、三级市场,逐步建立城乡统一、平等、有序的土地市场。

  1. 初次分配对城乡收入差距影响的实证分析%Demonstrative analysis of first distribution's influence on city and town income difference

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔杏

    2011-01-01

    This article used econometric method,Between 2000~2009 using data from the initial distribution of urban and rural per capita income gap between urban and rural per capita incomegap with the relationship between the empirical analysis,Established the corresponding regression model,and conducted Granger causality test.The results show that:the initial distribution of urban-rural income gap and income gap between urban and rural areas there is a close relationship,Primary distribution of income gap between urban and rural areas on a promoting role in urban-rural income gap.that means the initial distribution of income inequality is bound to promote the further expansion of urban-rural income gap.this article gives the appropriate policy recommendations on the base of analysing the elements of primary distribution of income.%本文运用经济计量方法,利用2000~2009年间的数据,对城乡人均初次分配收入差距与城乡人均收入差距之间的关系进行实证分析,建立了相应的回归模型,并进行了Granger因果关系检验。研究结果表明:城乡初次分配收入差距与城乡收入差距之间存在密切的关系,城乡初次分配收入差距对城乡收入差距具有推进的作用,意味着初次分配收入差距的扩大必然会促进城乡收入差距的进一步扩大。在对初次分配收入要素进行分析的基础上,本文给出了相应的政策建议。

  2. Perfil do administrador de clínica oftalmológica na Grande São Paulo The profile of the ophthalmic clinic manager in São Paulo city and neighboring towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Wilson Nogueira Neves

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar o perfil do administrador de clínica oftalmológica na Grande São Paulo. MÉTODOS: Foram encaminhados questionários para clínicas oftalmológicas sorteadas aleatoriamente. Variáveis analisadas: sexo, idade, escolaridade, cursos de graduação e pós-graduação, participação na sociedade, carga horária efetiva, visão de carreira, e sistemática de remuneração e número de consultas/mês da clínica. RESULTADOS: Cinqüenta e cinco por cento eram homens, 60% tinham de 30 a 59 anos, para 60% era sua primeira experiência na área e 56% administravam clínicas com mais de 1000 consultas/mês. Entre os que tinham formação universitária (70%, 56% concluíram curso de Administração de Empresas. Metade dos entrevistados tinham pós-graduação, sendo os cursos preferidos: Administração Hospitalar (40% e MBA (30%. Somente 10% eram sócios da clínica. Trabalham acima de 40 horas/semana 75% dos profissionais. Atualmente 60% não fazem curso na área e 56% acham que o incentivo à carreira deve vir da clínica. Benefícios: 75% dos profissionais têm planos de saúde e/ou carteira assinada. Remuneração: salário com participação no faturamento (48% e o salário fixo (42%. CONCLUSÕES: Neste estudo, encontramos a profissão de administrador de clínicas estruturando-se com profissionais de ambos os sexos, formação em Administração de Empresas, alguns com pós-graduação na área, carga horária acima de 40 h semanais, acreditando que a clínica deve investir em seu aperfeiçoamento. Fazem-se necessários outros estudos que contribuam para melhor conhecimento deste profissional.PURPOSE: To check the profile of the ophthalmology clinic administrator in Great São Paulo. METHODS: Several questionnaires were sent to clinics at random. Sex, age, schooling, graduate and postgraduate courses, partnership in the clinic, working hours, career plan, payment system and the amount of appointments per month in the clinic

  3. Marriage and the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gautier, Pieter; Svarer, Michael; Teulings, Coen

    Do people move to cities because of marriage market considerations? In cities singles can meet more potential partners than in rural areas. Singles are therefore prepared to pay a premium in terms of higher housing prices. Once married, the marriage market benefits disappear while the housing...... premium remains. We extend the model of Burdett and Coles (1997) with a distinction between efficient (cities) and less efficient (non-cities) search markets. One implication of the model is that singles are more likely to move from rural areas to cities while married couples are more likely to make...... the reverse movement. A second prediction of the model is that attractive singles benefit most from a dense market (i.e. from being choosy). Those predictions are tested with a unique Danish dataset....

  4. Cities and Children: the challenge of urbanisation in Tanzania

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Cities are becoming home to a growing proportion of Africa’s children. In Tanzania, already one in four lives in an urban centre – and many more will in coming years. Within the short span of a generation, more than one-third of Tanzania’s children will be raised in a city or town. Growing up urban can offer these children the chance for a brighter future, or the grim conditions in which so many are now living in the sprawling cities of the continent. Increasingly urban Tanzan...

  5. Jutustuse ja romaani vahel: Elisabeth Aspe linn. Between a story and a novel : Elisabeth Aspe’ s town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elle-Mari Talivee

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The following article analyses the description of towns in the short novels of Elisabeth Aspe: Kasuõde (Stepsister, 1887, Ennosaare Ain (Ain From Ennosaare Farm, 1888, Anna Dorothea (1891 and Aastate pärast (After Many Years, 1910. Aspe (1860–1927, one of the first Estonian female writers and an early realist, lived on the town border of Pärnu in south-west Estonia. During this historically interesting period, towns grew rapidly, but the ideology initiated by the national awakening movement concentrated on the idea of a nation being tightly bound to the countryside. Aspe’s works are like a litmus test of her time, and were influenced by German authors (Ottilie Wildermuth, W. Heimburg and Eugenie Marlitt, as well as by the Estonian national awakening period. Her first (epistolary novel is based on a pure opposition between the city and the country; in her later novels, the emphasis has changed: the contrasts are suddenly more ambivalent. One possible explanation is the impelling emergence of city thematics, and the early city novel replacing the village story – a process that began in Estonian literature at that time – resulting in a more complicated picture than a simple black-and-white opposition. This was a period of mapping, describing and exploring the townscape with curiosity and eagerness; also, it was a period of warning social criticism. For example, Eduard Vilde wrote a novel about factories consuming their workers, and men from country villages coming to a town. It was also a time of a fight for Estonia’s own town space, persuading the Estonian reader that he/she had the same right to live in towns, and even to govern towns, as the existing upper classes from other nationalities. In Ain From Ennosaare Farm, the protagonist has a double Estonian- German identity, belonging simultaneously to the town and to the countryside; finally, he acknowledges his ethnic origin. Throughout Aspe’s novels, the word “city” has a

  6. Resilience and social costs: centralised towns vs. distributed settlements?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendriksen, Kåre

    and the national economy and are less expensive concerning government spending than e.g. larger towns. The local potentials and not least the social and economic costs of a fast centralization process are often not taken into account. Historical the location of settlements is generally based on the possibilities...... for subsistence catching and local fishery used for exports. During the last generation a decoupling between settlement and trade has evolved. The paper will discuss which factors are decisive for the utilization of the trade opportunities at the local level. Cost reductions seen from a private business...... perspective has become more dominant in the last decades rather than societies’ economic benefit. Consequently e.g. the processing of shrimps and fish (that amount to the great majority of the export) has been moved to countries with less labor costs than Greenland. This development tend to conflict...

  7. 小城镇城市设计中的地域性回归研究--以株洲市云田镇为例%On Regional Regression in the Urban Planning of Rural Towns:Take Yuntian Town in Zhuzhou City as a Case Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊勇; 宋丽美; 张志强

    2016-01-01

    小城镇城市设计存在着自然生态肌理被破坏、空间尺度具有非人化倾向、城市历史文脉和场所精神逐渐破碎等地域性缺失。不同的自然地理背景和历史文化背景下所形成的小城镇具有不同的地域性特征,小城镇城市设计需要注重其具体的地域性表达。小城镇城市设计的地域性回归应首先明确指导思想及设计原则,在此基础上,从宏观、中观、微观3个层面把握设计内容,构建“3+4+3”的小城镇城市设计地域性回归研究框架。基于此理论构架,并结合株洲市云田镇的地理区位及地域性特色构成要素,探讨了云田镇的地域性回归城市设计案例。%Usually found in the urban planning of rural towns are such regional losses as the destruction of natural ecological texture, the dehumanization tendency of spatial scales, as well as the disruption of historical and spiritual contexts. Having been formed under different natural and geological conditions, different rural towns exhibit different distinctive regional characteristics, which requires specific corresponding reflection in the process of their urban planning. The guiding principles and design concepts should be first made clear about the research of regional regression in the urban planning of rural towns. And based on this study is the outline of the design from three hierarchical levels:macro-level, meso-level, and micro-level perspectives, under the framework model of“3+4+3”for the research of regional regression in rural towns. A tentative study has been made of the regional regression of Yuntian Town in Zhuzhou City under this theoretical framework, taking into consideration such factors as its geographical location and constituent elements of its regional features.

  8. Cities and Refugees

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Katz, Bruce; Noring, Luise; Garrelts, Nantke

    institutions, it is municipalities across Europe in general and Germany in particular who are responsible for planning, delivering, and, in some cases, financing the housing, education, and full integration of new arrivals. “Cities and Refugees: The European Response” is a collaboration of the Brookings...... Centennial Scholar Initiative and the Foreign Policy program, with key research led by the Copenhagen Business School. It aims to show the extent to which cities are at the vanguard of this crisis and to deepen our understanding of the role and capacity of city governments and local networks in resettlement...... and long-term economic and social integration....

  9. Treatment of Household Waste in Small Towns of China: Status, Basic Conditions and Appropriate Modes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HE Pin-jing

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Small town is the gateway of population migrating from rural areas to urban areas in the process of urbanization. The level of its household solid waste treatment is pivotal to the environmental and sanitary quality of surrounding rural areas. Furthermore, small town is the primary administrative center for rural districts, and will impose important influences on the solid waste management in villages. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the effects of treatment modes on the household solid waste treatment in towns and surrounding villages. Based on the waste generation in small towns, this study analyzed the current status and existing problems for solid waste treatment, and discussed the related administrative management and financial supporting conditions in small towns. By summarizing the characteristics of the existing modes and comparing the costs for different treatment modes, the present study proposed that the most appropriate mode was“diversion in villages-diversion, transportation or treatment in towns-treatment and disposal in counties”, in which the town was the core node for the treatment of rural solid waste, so that the administrative and financial advantages of small towns could be highlighted and consequentially promoted the management of rural solid waste.

  10. Model cities

    OpenAIRE

    Batty, M.

    2007-01-01

    The term ?model? is now central to our thinking about how weunderstand and design cities. We suggest a variety of ways inwhich we use ?models?, linking these ideas to Abercrombie?sexposition of Town and Country Planning which represented thestate of the art fifty years ago. Here we focus on using models asphysical representations of the city, tracing the development ofsymbolic models where the focus is on simulating how functiongenerates form, to iconic models where the focus is on representi...

  11. Demonstrative analysis of countryside collective construction land use right system mode under city and town overall planning condition——take city and town construction land change link as angle%城乡统筹条件下农村集体建设用地使用权制度模式的实证分析——以城乡建设用地增减挂钩为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩宁

    2011-01-01

    城乡统筹条件下,农村土地问题是一个不可回避而又相当关键的问题。在城乡建设用地挂钩试点中,不要固定某一模式,避短而取其长,可能是较优方案。严格限制政府公权力,使地方政府从"土地财政"中解放出来,使其失去利益的冲动回归理性。尊重农民的知情权和决定权,防止农民"被上楼"。引入"地票"交易模式,使农村建设用地使用权"同权同利"。%In urban-rural planning,tenure is the ver y important and unavoidable problem.In the hook pilot of urban and rural construction land,don't fix a certain pattern,avoid shortcomings and take its advantages.Restrict the power of the government,in order to liberate the localgovernment from the "land fiscal",to make the local government lose interests impulse and turn to rationality.Respect the farmer's right to know and decision in order to prevent farmers from "being upstairs",practice the "land ticket" transactional model,realize the same right,the same profit.

  12. The transport of atmospheric sulfur over Cape Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenner, Samantha L.; Abiodun, Babatunde J.

    2013-11-01

    Cape Town, renowned for its natural beauty, is troubled by an unpleasant brown haze pollution, in which atmospheric sulfur plays a major role. This study investigates whether Cape Town is a net producer or recipient of anthropogenic sulfur pollution. In the study, two atmospheric chemistry-transport models (RegCM and WRF) are used to simulate atmospheric flow and chemistry transport over South Africa for two years (2001 and 2002). Both models reproduce the observed seasonal variability in the atmospheric flow and SO2 concentration over Cape Town. The models simulations agree on the seasonal pattern of SO2 over South Africa but disagree on that of SO4. The simulations show that ambient sulfur in Cape Town may be linked with pollutant emissions from the Mpumalanga Highveld, South Africa's most industrialized region. While part of atmospheric SO2 from the Highveld is transported at 700 hPa level toward the Indian Ocean (confirming previous studies), part is transported at low level from the Highveld toward Cape Town. In April, a band of high concentration SO2 extends between the Highveld and Cape Town, following the south coast. Extreme sulfur pollution events in Cape Town are associated with weak flow convergence or stagnant conditions over the city, both of which encourage the accumulation of pollution. However the study suggests that atmospheric sulfur is being advected from Mpumalanga Highveld to Cape Town and this may contribute to atmospheric pollution problems in Cape Town.

  13. 76 FR 6476 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-04

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for... announcing a public meeting entitled ``Town Hall Discussion with the Director of the Center for Devices and..., CDRH held three Town Hall meetings in Minneapolis, MN; Boston, MA; and Los Angeles, CA to provide...

  14. 76 FR 41804 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-15

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for... announcing a public meeting entitled ``Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and... accommodations should call 650- 589-3400 and request the group rate for the ``FDA/CDRH Town Hall Meeting''...

  15. The socio-economic and spatial transformation of Polish cities after 1989

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerzy J. Parysek

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present the socio-economic and spatial transformation of Polish cities after 1989. The Polish changes reached the structures of the three basic subsystems of the state: political (power, social (society, and economic (the economy. The systemic transformation that has taken place in Poland after 1989 is most readily visible in towns, although it was introduced in the country as a whole. For the development and transforma-tion of towns, the most important were the introduction of local government structures and the market model of the economy. The restitution of local government has ensured towns an authentic manager authorised to perform his function by the local community. The in-troduction of the market model to the economy has resulted in its privatisation and the ap-pearance of enterprise and competition. Towns, especially the biggest cities, have become attractive locations for investment. Cities with a balanced economic structure and well-de-veloped infrastructure had much better chances for growth to start with. Unfortunately, the transformation period has also had some detrimental effects, the most important being un-employment and all kinds of social deviance. However, Polish cities are certainly different today and resemble Western cities to a greater extent than did the so-called socialist towns built along theoretically beautiful but practically ineffectual ideological lines.

  16. Urbanismo vs urbanización: distintas modalidades de hacer ciudad. / Town planning versus urbanization. Different ways of doing city.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cardenas Jirón, Luz Alicia

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available El Plan Regulador Comunal es el instrumento normativo de planeación urbanística chilena, cuya formulación pretende regular en el ámbito comunal básicamente los siguientes aspectos: los usos de suelo, las condiciones de edificación y subdivisión del suelo, la red vial estructurante y los limites urbanos.Se cree que este instrumento es imperfecto toda vez que no incorpora en la normativa una dimensión clave del urbanismo: la morfología urbana, entendida como el sistema espacial tridimensional de la ciudad. Por el contrario, el análisis empírico demuestra que factores como la forma urbana son respuestas del libre juego de fuerzas económicas y sociales modeladoras del espacio. En consecuencia, lo que domina es un patrón de urbanización en vez de un proyecto de urbanismo; las cuales son modalidades muy distintas de hacer ciudad.Este articulo pretende demostrar que la forma urbana, derivada de la aplicación del instrumento normativo en una comuna perimetral metropolitana como es Maipú, es uno de los impactos no previstos por el Plan Regulador, pero que podría incorporarse en un nuevo instrumento de planificación urbana./ Metropolitan Santiago is one of the many Latin American cities which has been developed according to a spread model of urbanisation. This pattern has caused at least two types of consequences: economic and physical ones. The former is shown in the speculation of land value at the rural fringe of the metropolitan area which has low prices, these have suddenly increased after the normative changes in the land use, from rural to urban. The later shows location of massive low-income housing and commercial malls regardless connection to the urban fabric and spatial shaping of the existing city. This results in a chaotic urban form resembling a "patchwork".This paper reviews the scope of a Chilean policy instrument called "Plan Regulador" used to control physical urban growth, particularly sprawled on the fringe of the

  17. Study of City Landscape Heritage Using Lidar Data and 3d-City Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubinowicz, P.; Czynska, K.

    2015-04-01

    In contemporary town planning protection of urban landscape is a significant issue. It regards especially those cities, where urban structures are the result of ages of evolution and layering of historical development process. Specific panoramas and other strategic views with historic city dominants can be an important part of the cultural heritage and genius loci. Other hand, protection of such expositions introduces limitations for future based city development. Digital Earth observation techniques creates new possibilities for more accurate urban studies, monitoring of urbanization processes and measuring of city landscape parameters. The paper examines possibilities of application of Lidar data and digital 3D-city models for: a) evaluation of strategic city views, b) mapping landscape absorption limits, and c) determination protection zones, where the urbanization and buildings height should be limited. In reference to this goal, the paper introduces a method of computational analysis of the city landscape called Visual Protection Surface (VPS). The method allows to emulate a virtual surface above the city including protection of a selected strategic views. The surface defines maximum height of buildings in such a way, that no new facility can be seen in any of selected views. The research includes also analyses of the quality of simulations according the form and precision of the input data: airborne Lidar / DSM model and more advanced 3D-city models (incl. semantic of the geometry, like in CityGML format). The outcome can be a support for professional planning of tall building development. Application of VPS method have been prepared by a computer program developed by the authors (C++). Simulations were carried out on an example of the city of Dresden.

  18. The city of the merchant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barnow, Niels Finn

    2003-01-01

    The City of the Merchant deals with cities, towns and villages in the European medieval period - i.e. in post-antique and pre-industrial Europe. In actual fact, the book mainly deals with Denmark and Northern Italy (the City States), with digressions to other "feudal" localities in France on Sicily...

  19. VT Boundaries - town polygons

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — (Link to Metadata) The BNDHASH dataset depicts Vermont villages, towns, counties, Regional Planning Commissions (RPC), and LEPC (Local Emergency Planning Committee)...

  20. Physical knowledge of household waste in Algeria: generation and composition in the town of Annaba.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheniti, Hamza; Serradj, Tayeb; Brahamia, Khaled; Makhlouf, Ali; Guerraiche, Said

    2013-11-01

    We investigated the physical composition of household waste in the town of Annaba, Algeria. The study was based on an adequate sampling protocol that takes into account the constraints of Algerian cities. Annaba was taken as a case study to check the situation in Algeria. Ninety to 120 kg was sorted for each type of habitat in the city during four seasons, from 2010 to 2011, according to 11 components of household waste. Variations in the production ratio and percentages of all components were recorded according to the seasons and the type of habitat during the four campaigns of characterization. Analysis of variance showed a significant difference of the waste composition by habitat type. A pairwise multiple comparisons using the Tukey test of the sampled habitat types was also carried out, which indicated no significant differences between the habitat type concerning paper, plastic, composite and glass variables. But for the remaining components, the study revealed, with a significance limit of 0.05, a clear difference in the average composition of the waste according to the type of habitat.

  1. Tale of two townships: race, class and the changing contours of collective action in the Cape Town townships of Guguletu and Bonteheuwel, 1976 - 2006

    OpenAIRE

    Staniland, John Luke Seneviratne

    2012-01-01

    This thesis examines the emergence and evolution of ‘progressive activism and organisation’ between 1976 and 2006 in the African township of Guguletu and the coloured township of Bonteheuwel within the City of Cape Town. In doing so it compares both how activism has changed over time (including as a result of democratisation) and how it differed between and within these two communities. Whilst at heart an empirical study of activism it seeks to move beyond the specificities ...

  2. Deconstructing Rotterdam's modern city centre

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Hoeven, F.D.

    2013-01-01

    In the 20th century, the Dutch city of Rotterdam was radically transformed from a historic town into a modern city, becoming the selfacclaimed 'city of architecture', home to international architectural design offices, publishers and institutions. Although it is already 60 years after the destructio

  3. Founding a Green Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JING XIAOLEI

    2010-01-01

    @@ Awalk inside the Guangzhou Asian Games Town,where the event's prized Asian Games Town Gymnasium,Athletes' Village and Media Village can be lound,will have any visitor marveling at the structures and architectural styles within.What's most impressive about this part of Guangzhou,Guangdong Province,is not what's in the town,but what's missing from it.Even the most observant visitor will be hard pressed to find a single garbage truck,or garbage can for that matter,inside the town's perimeter.

  4. 桐乡市洲泉镇9000例已婚妇女宫颈癌筛查分析%Analysis of 9 000 cases of married women for cervical cancer screening in Zhouquan town of Tongxiang city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范利梅; 俞翠芳

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解桐乡市洲泉镇所辖地区已婚妇女宫颈上皮内瘤样病变(CIN)的患病情况,为制定干预措施提供依据。方法:调查桐乡市洲泉镇经液基细胞学检查的已婚妇女9000例,采用TBS细胞学诊断标准;并对液基细胞学检查有异常者行阴道镜下宫颈活组织检查。结果:液基细胞学检查异常301例;阴道镜下宫颈活组织检查261例,诊断CIN 68例(26.15%),占液基细胞学结果异常者22.59%,其中CIN Ⅰ38例,CIN Ⅱ18例,CIN Ⅲ12例;原位癌1例,早期浸润癌0。结论:桐乡市洲泉镇所辖已婚妇女CIN的患病率0.76%,早期对CIN干预和治疗可有效降低宫颈癌的发生率。%Objective:To understand married women for cervical cancer screening in Zhouquan town of Tongxiang city,to provide the basis for the intervention measures.Methods:Investigating 9 000 cases of liquid based cytology for married women of in Zhouquan town of Tongxiang city,using standard cytological diagnosis of TBS,and liquid-based cytology abnormalities underwent colposcopy cervical biopsy.Results:301 cases of abnormal liquid based cytology,colposcopic cervical biopsy tissue was examined in 261 cases,the diagnosis of CIN in 68 cases(26.15%),accounting for liquid based cytology results abnormal 22.59%,of which 38 cases of CIN Ⅰ,CIN Ⅱ in 18 cases,CIN Ⅲ in 12 cases,orthotopic carcinoma in 1 cases and early invasive carcinoma in 0 cases. Conclusion:Zhouquan town of Tongxiang city of the prevalence of CIN in married women was 0.76% .Early intervention and treatment for CIN can effectively reduce the incidence of cervical cancer.

  5. 基于慢城理念的淮安老城区更新设计%Renovation of Old Town in Huai'an Based on the Concept of Slow City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李鑫

    2015-01-01

    The article discusses the conception of the slow city development and summarizes the natural and cultural resources of old town in Huai'an .Then the article analyzes the constructions of planning ,system ,principle and administration in slow areas .In addition ,the article points out that the new mode of renovating and constructing the old town including several aspects ,including deeply understanding site conditions ,considering and planning the future development direction of old area ,building the ecosphere reasonably of living ,production ,consumption and tourism ,etc .%论述了慢城理念的发展,梳理淮安老城区的自然与文脉资源,分析了老城慢区的规划构建、系统构建、原则构建和管理构建。同时提出了深入了解场地的现状条件,并整体考虑老城区今后的发展方向并进行规划,合理构建老城慢区的居住、生产、消费、旅游的生态圈将是未来老城区更新改造的新模式。

  6. AIDS conspiracy beliefs and unsafe sex in Cape Town.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grebe, Eduard; Nattrass, Nicoli

    2012-04-01

    This paper uses multivariate logistic regressions to explore: (1) potential socio-economic, cultural, psychological and political determinants of AIDS conspiracy beliefs among young adults in Cape Town; and (2) whether these beliefs matter for unsafe sex. Membership of a religious organisation reduced the odds of believing AIDS origin conspiracy theories by more than a third, whereas serious psychological distress more than doubled it and belief in witchcraft tripled the odds among Africans. Political factors mattered, but in ways that differed by gender. Tertiary education and relatively high household income reduced the odds of believing AIDS conspiracies for African women (but not men) and trust in President Mbeki's health minister (relative to her successor) increased the odds sevenfold for African men (but not women). Never having heard of the Treatment Action Campaign (TAC), the pro-science activist group that opposed Mbeki on AIDS, tripled the odds of believing AIDS conspiracies for African women (but not men). Controlling for demographic, attitudinal and relationship variables, the odds of using a condom were halved amongst female African AIDS conspiracy believers, whereas for African men, never having heard of TAC and holding AIDS denialist beliefs were the key determinants of unsafe sex.

  7. Empirical Analysis of Factors Influencing Surplus Labor Transfer in Poverty-stricken Areas: A Case Study of Yimatu Town in Fuxin City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    From the microscopic point of view,taking the surplus labor transfer in the Yimatu Town area as study object,we conduct survey of characteristics and transfer of rural surplus labor in Yimatu Town,through questionnaires and field interviews.Then we analyze the main factors influencing surplus labor transfer in rural areas from the personal characteristics of labor forces and family factor of labor forces.The results show that gender,age,educational level,farmland management days and other factors pertaining to the labor forces all affect the transfer of surplus labor, but the size and extent of the impact vary.In accordance with various influencing factors,we put forward recommendations for promoting the effective transfer of surplus labor in rural areas as follows:first,paying equal attention to macroscopic factors and microscopic factors influencing the transfer of surplus labor;second,focusing on the factors concerning the rural households and individual farmers,to find out the factors influencing the rational transfer;third,shifting the employment concept of surplus labor in rural areas;fourth,speeding up the construction of small towns and developing the secondary and tertiary industries.

  8. Against the tide: climate change and high-risk cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dodman, David

    2008-11-15

    In the world's poorest and most vulnerable nations, most cities and towns face a distinct dual pressure: rapidly growing population and high vulnerability to the impacts of climate change. Drought, storms, flooding and sea level rise are likely to hit hardest here. These in turn put water supplies, infrastructure, health and livelihoods at risk in the very cities already struggling to provide or safeguard such key needs. An effective response demands capable local and national government and support from strong international networks in building capacity to cope. Most of the Least Developed Countries lack both.

  9. 温州市苍南县灵溪镇学龄前儿童膳食营养调查结果分析%Investigation on nutrition and health status of preschool children in Lingxi Town of Cangnan County in Wenzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志理; 陈廷瑞

    2014-01-01

    Objective To understand the nutrition and health status of preschool children in Lingxi town, Cangnan County in Wenzhou City, so as to give suggestions for interventions on reasonable dietary.Methods Nutrition survey including physical measurement evaluated according to the criteria suggested by WHO and dietary investigation was carried out in 2 218 preschool children aged 3 to 6 years.The prevalence of common diseases was counted.Results Intake of calcium, zinc and retinal was lower than 80% recommended daily allowances ( RDA ) .Intake of high-quality protein accounted 44.5% of total protein.The rates of underweight, stunting, wasting, overweight and obesity children were 0.99%, 0.99%, 0.81%, 8.48%and 6.99%, respectively.The rates of stunting and underweight children were significantly lower than those in 2008 (χ2 value was 5.327and 4.495, respectively, both P<0.05).The prevalences of anemia, rachitis, dental caries and low eyesight were 3.97% (88/2 218),0.18% (4/2 218), 82.10% (1 821/2 218) and 3.47%(77/2 218), respectively.Conclusion The health status and development is good, but the nutrients intake is insufficient.Guidance and supervision on nutrition provided by kindergartens should be strengthened.%目的:了解温州市苍南县灵溪镇学龄前儿童营养和健康状况,对制定合理膳食的干预措施提供参考。方法用记账法对2218例3~6岁的幼儿园儿童的膳食营养状况进行调查,根据WHO推荐的标准评价体格发育情况,统计常见病的患病率。结果儿童膳食营养素中,钙、锌、维生素A的每天平均摄入量不足每日推荐供给量( RDA)的80%,平均优质蛋白质的摄入量占总蛋白质摄入量的44.5%。儿童的低体重检出率为0.99%,发育迟缓率为0.99%,消瘦率为0.81%,超重率为8.48%,肥胖率为6.99%。与2008年全国营养调查结果相比,低体重率和发育迟缓率均明显降低(χ2值分别为5.327和4.495

  10. Tidal Marsh Inventory for York County Virginia and town of Poquoson

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This inventory report and marsh guidelines study will explain marsh vegetation types and their evaluation throughout York County Virginia and the town of Poquoson....

  11. Analysis on the Debris Flow Characteristics and Effectiveness of Prevention Proj ects in Huangyang Gully in Longchi Town of Duj iangyan City%都江堰市龙池镇黄央沟泥石流特征与防治工程效果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾庆铭; 薛强; 徐继伟

    2014-01-01

    Huangyang gully is located in Longchi town of Dujiangyan city,a severe disaster area of Wenchuan earthquake in Sichuan province.The earthquake induced large scale collapses and landslides which provided plenty of loose solid material for debris flow.The debris flow activity was very active after earthquake.Under the effect of heavy rainfall,debris flow occurred in the Huangyang gully both on August 13 and August 18 of 2010 as well as on July 9 of 2013,which has caused serious economic losses.Based on the field investigation of debris flow disaster,this paper presented a detailed analysis of the formation conditions and development characteristics of the debris flow,and discussed the effectiveness of debris flow prevention projects.For the problems of prevention proj ects and the characteristics of debris flow,following measures has been put forward by the authors:building drainage ditches in the downstream and accumulation region of debris flow to make the debris flow into Longxi river smoothly;and taking engineering and biological measures to stabilize landslides accumulation body and unstable slopes;besides,the road in the exit position of debris flow should adopt viaduct across the debris flow fan.The study results could provide a reference for the prevention and control of debris flow disaster in strong earthquake area.%黄央沟位于“5.12”汶川地震的极重灾区四川省都江堰市龙池镇,地震使沟内山体发生大规模的滑坡和崩塌,其为泥石流的形成提供了丰富的松散固体物质。地震后黄央沟泥石流十分活跃,2010年8月13日、8月18日和2013年7月9日均暴发了泥石流,造成了严重的经济损失。笔者通过对黄央沟泥石流灾害现场进行实地调查,详细分析了黄央沟泥石流的形成条件和发育特征,并对已有防治工程效果进行了分析和探讨。针对防治工程存在的问题和黄央沟泥石流的特点,建议在沟道下游和堆积区修建排导沟,使泥石流

  12. New Trend and Planning Research of Commercial Plan in Big City Suburbs:A Case Study of Shanghai Jiading New Town%大城市郊区新城商业发展新趋势与规划探索--基于上海嘉定新城的实践思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马璇

    2015-01-01

    The current commercial plans lay emphasis on the central city, neglecting the suburban new town. Today the role of market economy becomes increasingly important, so the commercial development of suburbs presents many new formats and trends, and deserves further attention. Based on the analysis of status and characteristics of suburbs, this article ifrstly points out its dififcult position under the current commercial plans and its new commercial trends driven by market. Secondly it summarizes the composition of crowd and the consumers’ demand. Thirdly it evaluates the commercial characteristics of suburban from size, structure, format and feature by the case of Shanghai Jiading metro area. Finally it makes suggestion on the commercial plans of suburbs from the following three aspects, namely selecting the center, enhancing the distinctive hierarchy and reifning the system, so as to provide some reference to commercial plans innovation, especially in suburban area.%当前的商业规划更多从城市整体指引网点布局,重点偏重中心城区,对于郊区新城这一特殊地区的人群与商业模式缺乏特定的考虑。在市场经济作用日益强化背景下,新城地区商业发展出现了许多新业态与趋势。在解读新城地位与特征基础上,分析了现状城市商业规划对新城的应对困境,并总结了市场主导下的新城商业新趋势和动力。接着通过大城市新城人群特征分析入手,总结出当前大城市新城特有的人群构成与消费行为需求。最后通过上海嘉定新城商业规划的实证,提出从规模、结构、业态、特色4方面对新城商业特征的评价,并从明确中心、增强特色层级、细化体系指引3方面提出了对新城商业规划实践探索,希望能为商业规划实践创新,尤其是外围新城的商业规划提供一定的启示。

  13. Smart city – future city? smart city 20 as a livable city and future market

    CERN Document Server

    Etezadzadeh, Chirine

    2016-01-01

    The concept of a livable smart city presented in this book highlights the relevance of the functionality and integrated resilience of viable cities of the future. It critically examines the progressive digitalization that is taking place and identifies the revolutionized energy sector as the basis of urban life. The concept is based on people and their natural environment, resulting in a broader definition of sustainability and an expanded product theory. Smart City 2.0 offers its residents many opportunities and is an attractive future market for innovative products and services. However, it presents numerous challenges for stakeholders and product developers.

  14. Impacts of Vegetation and Urban planning on micro climate in Hashtgerd new Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sodoudi, Sahar; langer, Ines; Cubasch, Ulrich

    2013-04-01

    One of the objectives of climatological part of project Young Cities 'Developing Energy-Efficient Urban Fabric in the Tehran-Karaj Region' is to simulate the micro climate (with 1m resolution) in 35ha of new town Hashtgerd, which is located 65 km far from mega city Tehran. The Project aims are developing, implementing and evaluating building and planning schemes and technologies which allow to plan and build sustainable, energy-efficient and climate sensible form mass housing settlements in arid and semi-arid regions ("energy-efficient fabric"). Climate sensitive form also means designing and planning for climate change and its related effects for Hashtgerd New Town. By configuration of buildings and open spaces according to solar radiation, wind and vegetation, climate sensitive urban form can create outdoor thermal comfort. To simulate the climate on small spatial scales, the micro climate model Envi-met has been used to simulate the micro climate in 35 ha. The Eulerian model ENVI-met is a micro-scale climate model which gives information about the influence of architecture and buildings as well as vegetation and green area on the micro climate up to 1 m resolution. Envi-met has been run with information from topography, downscaled climate data with neuro-fuzzy method, meteorological measurements, building height and different vegetation variants (low and high number of trees) Through the optimal Urban Design and Planning for the 35ha area the microclimate results shows, that with vegetation the microclimate in street canopies will be change: • 2 m temperature is decreased by about 2 K • relative humidity increase by about 10 % • soil temperature is decreased by about 3 K • wind speed is decreased by about 60% The style of buildings allows free movement of air, which is of high importance for fresh air supply. The increase of inbuilt areas in 35 ha reduces the heat island effect through cooling caused by vegetation and increase of air humidity which

  15. Climate change and cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Satterthwaite, David

    2006-10-15

    What is done, or not done, in cities in relation to climate change over the next 5-10 years will affect hundreds of millions of people, because their lives and livelihoods are at risk from global warming. What is done in cities will also have a major influence on whether the escalating risks for the whole planet will be reduced or eliminated. Climate change needs to be considered in all development plans and investments - local, regional, national and international. Urban growth must be made more climate-resilient and help reduce, rather than increase, greenhouse gas emissions. This will not be done by the market; it can only be done by governments.

  16. Reconsidering the Geddesian Concepts of Community and Space through the Paradigm of Smart Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiara Garau

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The 100th anniversary of Geddes’ book “Cities in Evolution” has just passed, and the authors of this paper present a contribution towards understanding “how” Geddes might address the paradigm of the “smart city”. Geddesian concepts have greatly revolutionized the design and building of modern cities around the world. As a botanist and a scientist, Geddes incorporated the concept of the appearance of gardens when designing towns. His success in pioneering the planning of his city of residence in Scotland inspired further involvement in designing towns and the renovation of old structures and buildings. His concepts regarding the planning and development of towns and cities have created a foundation of interest in research, professionalism, and educational development. This study analyses the concepts of space, communities, and smart cities, and repositions Geddesian ideas in contemporary learning strategies in relation to the wider political spectrum associated with the paradigm of smart cities. The authors explore the relevance of his thoughts and perspectives in the current design environment geared towards the creation of smart cities. The study also evaluates the challenges of developing smart cities in relation to Patrick Geddes’s ideas.

  17. HIERARCHICAL PLAN FOR TOWN AND VILLAGE IN ECONOMICALLY UNDERDERDEVELOPED AREAS ——A CASE OF JIAOHE CITY%经济欠发达地区县域村镇体系规划编制研究——以蛟河市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘继斌; 杨青山; 杜雪; 张春丽

    2011-01-01

    Firstly, this paper considers the following background: 1) the effect of globalization and localization on region;2) the Scientific Outlook on Development requiring updated development concept; 3) the new demand from ?People's Republic of Town and Country Planning Act. Then, this paper analyses the problems existing in planning of undeveloped area, including: 1) the conflict between environment conservation and economic development;2) inferior economic position but brutal market competition;3) budget shortage but ?increased public investment;4) the disordered relationship existing in multiple plans;5) simplex planning body. Based on the above analyses, this paper points out that planning body should be government instead of planning management sections, the content of planning should be spatial strategies, resource conservation, planning of public facilities and integrative guide for construction, and this paper put forwards implementing strategies surrounding planning content. Finally, this paper takes Jiaohe City as a case to study.%从全球化和地域化对区域发展影响、科学发展观对区域发展理念更新、《中华人民共和国城乡规划法》对规划编制要求等影响村镇体系规划编制的背景出发,分析了经济欠发达地区规划编制存在的环境保护与经济发展诉求、经济区位不优和市场竞争加剧、建设资金不足和公共投入加剧的现实问题,以及村镇体系规划实施中存在的多规划关系不清、规划实施主体单一等问题,提出了经济欠发达地区县域村镇体系规划应该明确规划实施主体为政府而不是单纯的城乡建设管理部门,规划编制核心内容应是空间发展策略、资源环境保护、公共设施区域安排及城乡建设的综合指导,并围绕规划编制内容提出了相对应的实施策略。最后以蛟河市为例,对村镇体系规划编制进行了例证。

  18. Research and Implement of Network Construction Project about Domestic Waste Collection and Transportation System in Town and Country of Wuhan City%武汉市城乡生活垃圾收运体系网络建设工程探讨与实施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文; 汤建化; 胡波; 赵欣; 戴陈玉

    2011-01-01

    According to generation characteristics of rural waste and existing problems in treatment process in Wuhan, necessity of town and country domestic waste collection and transportation system construction in Wuhan was put forward, as well as design principles and design plan of the construction project. And some corresponding countermeasures and suggestions were brought out.%针对目前武汉市农村垃圾的产生特点和处理过程中存在的问题,提出了武汉市城乡生活垃圾收运体系建设的必要性以及此项工程设计原则和设计方案,并据此提出了对策与建议.

  19. Ecological Planning for Sino-Singapore Ecological Science and Technology Town of Suzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>1. Background The construction of Sino-Singapore Ecological Science and Technology Town (SSESTT), which is a part of Suzhou Industrial Park, was initiated in 2005 under the circumstance of rapid development

  20. 76 FR 21741 - Twenty-First Century Communications and Video Programming Accessibility Act; Announcement of Town...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-18

    ... distribution program, and TRS contributions by VoIP providers, were deemed oral ex parte presentations in the... that the Commission has taken to obtain public feedback as it implements the Act. The Town Hall...

  1. 75 FR 47488 - FM Table of Allotments, Boulder Town, Levan, Mount Pleasant, and Richfield, UT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 FM Table of Allotments, Boulder Town, Levan, Mount Pleasant, and Richfield, UT AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission. ACTION: Final rule; petition for partial...

  2. Energy measures report: summary for English town and parish councils

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-09-15

    This report is a summary of information for English town and parish councils on measures local authorities in England and Wales can take to improve energy efficiency, increase the levels of microgeneration, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and reduce fuel poverty. It highlights the main areas in which local authorities can take action. In October 2006, the Stern Review of the economics of climate change was published. This assessed the evidence on the impacts of climate change and on the economic costs. Local authorities are uniquely placed to act on climate change mitigation and to alleviate fuel poverty. They can take action on their own estates and housing stock but can also play a key role in motivating the wider community to take action, based on their understanding of local priorities, risks and opportunities. Local authorities already have a number of responsibilities to incorporate climate change and energy policy considerations into the way in which they carry out their powers and functions. The publication of the Local Government White Paper 2006 signalled a shift in the role of local authorities. Tackling climate change is now recognised as one of the key areas in which local authorities can take on a community leadership role. The new performance framework, detailed in the White Paper, will have an appropriate focus on climate change, with the 2007 Comprehensive Spending Review making decisions on national outcomes, indicators and any national targets. The Review concluded that there is still time to avoid the worst impacts of climate change, if action is taken now and in concert with other countries. A key conclusion was that in the long term the cost of inaction would be far higher than the cost of tackling climate change now. The Government's view is therefore that taking action to mitigate the effects of climate change is the only strategy consistent with long-term economic growth and global stability. See URN: 07/1439 for the main report.

  3. Sunrise and Sunset Azimuths in the Planning of Ancient Chinese Towns

    OpenAIRE

    Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina

    2013-01-01

    Abstract: In the planning of some Chinese towns we can see an evident orientation with the cardinal direction north-south. However, other features reveal a possible orientation with the directions of sunrise and sunset on solstices too, as in the case of Shangdu (Xanadu), the summer capital of Kublai Khan. Here we discuss some other examples of a possible solar orientation in the planning of ancient towns. We will analyse the plans of Xi'an, Khanbalik and Dali

  4. Nitrogen deposition in a southern hemisphere biodiversity hotspot within and surrounding Cape Town, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angstmann, J. L.; Hall, S.; February, E.; West, A. G.; Allsopp, N.; Bond, W.

    2011-12-01

    Anthropogenic nitrogen (N) emissions have increased dramatically since the agricultural and industrial revolutions leading to N deposition in the northern hemisphere that is estimated to be an order of magnitude greater than preindustrial fluxes. N deposition rates of 5-15 kg N ha-1 yr-1 in Europe and N. America decrease plant species diversity, increase invasive species, and lead to eutrophication of surface waters. The southern hemisphere is home to over 50% of the world's biodiversity hotspots, including the 90,000 km2 Cape Floristic Region which houses 9,030 vascular plant species, 69% of which are endemic. However, to date, N deposition rates in the southern hemisphere are highly uncertain, with global models of N deposition based upon sparse datasets at best. Many terrestrial systems, such as fynbos shrublands, are adapted to low N availability and exhibit high species diversity and endemism, rendering them susceptible to ecological changes from N deposition. In this research, we quantified the spatial and temporal distribution of wet and dry N deposition across 30 protected fynbos ecosystems within the urban airshed of Cape Town, South Africa. We predicted that 1) total inorganic N deposition varies predictably along the urban-rural gradient (highest near the city centre), 2) N deposition varies seasonally, with higher fluxes in the winter months when atmospheric stability causes a build-up of N gases in and around the city, and 3) total inorganic N deposition will exceed the critical load of 10-15 kg N ha-1 yr-1 for Mediterranean shrublands, past which negative ecosystem effects have been shown to occur. Estimates of N deposition based on NO2 concentrations within the city suggest that total N deposition ranges from 8-13 kg N ha-1 yr-1 . However, we show that N deposition measured by ion-exchange resin collectors is far less than expected, averaging less than 2 kg N ha-1 yr-1 (range 0.5 - 5.5 kg N ha-1 yr-1 ), and is is dominated by NO3-, suggesting

  5. Evaluating tsunami risk perception and preparedness of people and institutions in the town of Siracusa, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaniboni, Filippo; Tinti, Stefano; Grancher, Delphine; Goeldner-Gianella, Lydie; Lavigne, Franck; Evans, Manon; Brunstein, Daniel

    2016-04-01

    The eastern coast of Sicily is characterized by high population density, with three main cities (Messina, Catania and Siracusa) and many other touristic and industrial poles. At the same time, many possible sources of hazard exist in the area, from the highest volcano in Europe (Mt. Etna) to the several faults existing both inland and offshore in the Ionian Sea, and to the Hyblaean-Malta Escarpment running parallel to the coast close to the shoreline, incised by several scars and canyons. Seismic and tsunami catalogues account for such an intense activity, with some major events causing several damages and casualties, the main of which being the 1693 (Augusta) and 1908 (Messina) earthquakes and consequent tsunami. For such reasons the area of Siracusa and its surroundings was chosen as one of the test sites of the EU Project ASTARTE - Assessment, STrategy And Risk Reduction for Tsunamis in Europe (Grant 603839, 7th FP, ENV.2013.6.4-3), investigating many aspects of tsunami hazard, vulnerability and risk along the coasts of Europe. One of the main aims of the project is to assess the perception and preparedness of people and local authorities to natural hazards, with particular attention to tsunamis, in the test sites. This task was performed by realizing a questionnaire, subdivided into some sections, each one estimating a particular aspect: from the relation of the interviewed person with the site, to his/her perception of the risk and reaction in case of alert, to the knowledge of warning systems and evacuation procedures. The questions were submitted to local people and tourists in the town center of Siracusa, and also provided to delegates of local authorities, such as municipality and Civil Protection Department. The questionnaire results show a very low level of awareness of the risk connected to tsunamis, which is surprising if one considers the relatively recent catastrophic event of Messina, involving the whole eastern coast of Sicily. On the other hand

  6. Pricing landfill externalities: emissions and disamenity costs in Cape Town, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nahman, Anton

    2011-01-01

    The external (environmental and social) costs of landfilling (e.g. emissions to air, soil and water; and 'disamenities' such as odours and pests) are difficult to quantify in monetary terms, and are therefore not generally reflected in waste disposal charges or taken into account in decision making regarding waste management options. This results in a bias against alternatives such as recycling, which may be more expensive than landfilling from a purely financial perspective, but preferable from an environmental and social perspective. There is therefore a need to quantify external costs in monetary terms, so that different disposal options can be compared on the basis of their overall costs to society (financial plus external costs). This study attempts to estimate the external costs of landfilling in the City of Cape Town for different scenarios, using the benefits transfer method (for emissions) and the hedonic pricing method (for disamenities). Both methods (in particular the process of transferring and adjusting estimates from one study site to another) are described in detail, allowing the procedures to be replicated elsewhere. The results show that external costs are currently R111 (in South African Rands, or approximately US$16) per tonne of waste, although these could decline under a scenario in which energy is recovered, or in which the existing urban landfills are replaced with a new regional landfill.

  7. Heat effects of ambient apparent temperature on all-cause mortality in Cape Town, Durban and Johannesburg, South Africa: 2006-2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wichmann, Janine

    2017-06-01

    Due to climate change, an increase of 3-4°C in ambient temperature is projected along the South African coast and 6-7°C inland during the next 80years. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between daily ambient apparent temperature (Tapp) and daily all-cause non-accidental mortality (hereafter mortality) in Cape Town, Durban and Johannesburg during a 5-year study period (2006-2010). Susceptibility by sex and age groups (Cape Town, Durban and Johannesburg. A 3.3%, 2.6% and 2.8% increase in mortality per IQR increase in Tapp (lag0-1) was observed in Cape Town, Durban and Johannesburg, respectively above the city-specific thresholds. The elderly were more at risk in Cape Town and Johannesburg. No difference in risk was observed for males and females in the three cities. In the meta-analysis an overall significant increase of 0.9% in mortality per 1°C increase in Tapp (lag0-1) was observed for all age groups combined in the three cities. For the ≥65year group a significant increase of 2.1% in mortality was observed. In conclusion, the risks for all age groups combined and the elderly are similar to those reported in studies from developed and developing countries. The results can be used in present-day early warning systems and in risk assessments to estimate the impact of increased Tapp in the country due to climate change. Future research should investigate the association between Tapp and cause-specific mortality and also morbidity.

  8. Magical Landscapes and Designed Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raahauge, Kirsten Marie

    2008-01-01

    from the point of view of the city, where order, design, planning and commerce are important cityscape qualities. The article deals with the way in which these two parts of the city, landscape and brandscape are complementary parts of the city-web. Analytical points made by Mauss, Lévi...

  9. Possibilities and limitations of territorial cooperation among Serbian and European towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tošić Branka

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the significant European aims of the process of intra-continental integration, as well as the role of the urban centers in its transregional cooperation. Although the process of transborder cooperation of towns exists also in other parts of the world, the roots of that complex form of cooperation appeared rather early in Western Europe. The area of Central Europe, especially the politically unstable southeastern part of the continent, are considerably late in this process. Serbia, especially its western and southern parts, is even more late in transborder regional cooperation of towns. The paper emphasizes that towns of Serbia, as development carriers with their intellectual potentials, have to express the ideas on starting the international actions. The possibilities are extensive: activation of neglected cooperation relations, improvement of technological and economical development, modernization of infrastructural systems, cooperation in culture, education, sports and recreation, environmental protection, etc. Towns need to find the ways for all kinds of cooperation with surrounding towns, if such cooperation gives the results which are favourable for both parties. Isolation from the world courses would lead to long-term stagnation. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 176017

  10. The Nature of Society: Enmapping Nature, Space and Society into a Town-green Hybrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louis Rice

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes the transformation of derelict land into a 'town-green' and the role legislation played in transforming social and natural relationships. Town-green denotes a legal status under the Great Britain Commons Act (2006 that protects certain open spaces from building development; the status requires that a space must simultaneously have a specific social quality (i.e. 'town-ness' and a specific natural quality (i.e. 'green-ness'. This hybrid condition requires an alliance between society and nature in a certain configuration (referred to here as nature2 and society2. In this empirical study it involved the participation and consensus of local residents, volunteer gardeners as well as nature itself; flowers needed to bloom and grass had to grow in order for the hybrid town-green status to be conferred. There are two distinct phases of this transformation; the first is the change in identities and configuration of the constituents of town and green. This involved the production of a modified 'real' world with: different plants and flowers; reconfigured spatial arrangements; as well as different social actors. The second phase is a shift from changes in the "real" world towards an 'enmap' - a displacement of myriad actors into documentation. This transfer from a complex messy reality into an enmap permitted the legitimation of the new network to be accepted as a 'town-green'. What the research reveals, other than hints for gardeners and community activists, is how material and non-material; social and natural; spatial, discursive and temporal worlds are hybridised.

  11. Safety Assessment of Heavy Metal in Tea Garden Soil: A Case Study of Specialized Tea Towns in Guangdong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiushuang; WANG; Caijin; LING; Shumei; LIU; Junxi; CAO; Jinsong; ZHANG; Chaoyi; ZHAO

    2013-01-01

    More than 20 soil samples were collected from tea gardens of specialized tea towns in Guangdong,including Fenglang Town and Fengshun Town in Meizhou City,Changshan Town in Lianjiang City,Fenghuang Town in Chaozhou City.Content of 6 types of heavy metal (Cr,Cu,Pb,As,Cd,Hg) in tea garden soil was measured.On the basis of these,the safety was assessed.Results show that the comprehensive pollution index of these 6 types of heavy metal is lower than 0.7.According to Soil Pollution Grading Standard formulated by China Green Food Development Center,the soil is not polluted by heavy metal and remains at safety level.It proves that overall soil condition of specialized tea gardens in Guangdong Province is not polluted by heavy metal.

  12. Efforts to Promote Surakarta and Makassar as Children Friendly Towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh Ilham A. Hamudy

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This study is about child-friendly city (KLA. This research is motivated by the lack of attention of the local government in protecting children and the issuance of Law No. 35 of 2014 on Protection of Children, which mandates local government obligations in the care of the child. This study sought to describe the various efforts made by the government of Surakarta and Makassar in realizing the KLA, the following supporting factors and obstacles surrounding the KLA embodiment. By using descriptive method and combine it with a qualitative approach, this study found some important points about the efforts of local governments in realizing the KLA. In Surakarta, for example, there have been several child-friendly community health centers (puskesmas. The Puskesmas is equipped with a private lounge complete with a children’s playground. In addition, services for children such as nutrition garden, corner of breast milk, pediatrician, child counseling services and a child abuse victim services also continue to be equipped, and many other programs. No wonder the Ministry of Women Empowerment and Child Protection Republic of Indonesia assessment scoring 713 from a total value of 31 indicators contained in the KLA who had filled the city of Surakarta. Meanwhile, Makassar City has not done a lot of local government programs, because the relatively new Makassar proclaimed KLA and is still central to reform. Among the new programs are being implemented and the Government of Makassar is giving birth certificate free of charge, to build flats in slums, and make the two villages as a pilot project KLA. The factors that affect the embodiment of the KLA it is a commitment. Not only the commitment of the head region, but also all relevant parties. As a cross cutting issue, the KLA also requires institutional capacity. Not only is the capacity of Women Empowerment and Child Protection Agency as a leading sector in the KLA, but also all work units other related

  13. Whatever Became of the Learning City?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarnit, Martin

    2015-01-01

    During the 1990s, the UK Learning City Network was a large and influential movement with government support, the most significant national body of its kind anywhere. Yet, less than a decade later, it was in decline and now no longer exists. But while few UK towns or cities any longer use the term "learning city", the notion lives on as…

  14. Investigation on Enterobius vermicularis infection among children in Hengli Town of Dongguan City%东莞市横沥镇儿童蛲虫感染情况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾肖连; 钟澈; 杨庆东; 郑文涛; 黄鸣涛; 吴玉强

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To know the status of Enterobius vermicularis infection among children in Hengli Town of Dongguan City, study the influencing factors of Enterobius vermicularis infection, and provide the reference for enterobiasis prevention and control. [Methods]240 children aged 3-8 years old were sampled randomly. The cellophane tape method was applied to detect Enterobius vermicularis eggs, and the influencing factors were studied by questionnaire survey. [Results]The rate of Enterobius vermicularis infection among children in Hengli town was 13. 75% . The infection rate was significantly related to types of household register, living environment and health habits. [ Conclusion ] The floating population and people lived in rental housing are the key of enterobiasis prevention and treatment. It is necessary to carry out special measures to prevent enterobiasis.%目的 了解东莞市横沥镇儿童蛲虫感染情况,探讨蛲虫感染影响因素,为蛲虫病防治工作提供参考.方法 随机抽取240名3~8岁儿童为对象,采取透明胶纸粘贴法检查蛲虫卵,以问卷调查法了解感染影响因素.结果 横沥镇儿童蛲虫感染率为13.75%;儿童蛲虫感染率与户籍性质、居住环境、个人卫生习惯等因素有明显的相关性.结论 流动人口和居住出租屋的人群是蛲虫病预防和治疗的重点,应该采取针对性的措施加强蛲虫感染的防治.

  15. Demographic changes in towns of Central Serbia: Comparative analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filipović Marko

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to intensive urbanization, Central Serbia's urban population reached almost 60% in the total population. Despite the fact that the urban residents share in Serbia is still bellow the level of urbanization in developed countries, in which the percentage of urban residents exudes 70% (in majority of cases even more than 80%, it is an impression that demographic "resources" of rural areas have bean rather exhausted and that all demographic revitalization potential of Central Serbia is concentrated in towns. This paper treats the demographic changes which encompassed the towns of Central Serbia since 1981 census onwards, with special emphasis on the population migrations as well as on the natural growth, i.e. age - gender structure formation featuring the towns of Central Serbia. The changes will be analyzed trough a comparative analysis at the level of small, medium sized towns and big cities, while Belgrade will be represent as a special category.

  16. The role of small and semi-medium-sized towns in solving the problems of regional development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belova A.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on the problems related to the disparities in the settlement system of the Kaliningrad region, the problems of small and semi-mediumsized towns, and the role of such towns in solving the regional development problems of the Kaliningrad region. The author analyses the Lithuanian experience of revitalizing small towns. The article outlines the ways to apply this experience to the Kaliningrad region.

  17. New Mexico Ghost Towns

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data provides locations and non-spatial attributes of many ghost towns in the State of New Mexico, compiled from various sources. Locations provided with...

  18. An Ancient Town Awakens

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    World heritage sites such as Pingyao are facing the dilemma of how to balance preservation and commercialization Travel southwest from Beijing, and after about 10 hours on the train and coach, you'll arrive at Pingyao, an old town in Shanxi Province. Nine years ago it was designated as a world heritage site. Visitors have since poured into Pingyao, waking up a town that

  19. Re-Dividing and Coding of Urbanization Kirkuk City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Najat K. Omar

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available  Presented in this paper is a public service data base for Kirkuk city. The data base is based on dividing the town into a number of main districts and coding the zones and neighborhoods in each of the main distracted. This coding would help in constructing a comprehensive indexing system for the available services in the Nations zones of the city. The system may then be utilized in the plans of future expansion of the city in order to reduce discrepancies in the distribution of public services. It has been found that the block system is better and more suitable than other existing methods. It can be implemented easily by governmental establishments that are involved in such services uses geographical information system (GIS. 

  20. City Branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frimann, Søren; Stigel, Jørgen

    2006-01-01

    Succesful corporate branding requires that questions related to communication, publicity, and organizational structures are adressed. An uncritical adoption of approaches known from tradition product branding will inevitable give problems as the properties of tangible commodities and services......, problems seem to multiply in what has becom known as city branding. This analysis of the communicational aspects of two Danish provincial towns´ branding efforts examines both their internally and externally directed communication. It demonstrates that an insufficient understanding of - or willingness...... to face - these differences will inevitably hamper such branding efforts because of the consequential inconsistencies. Finally, paths to more effective city branding are indicated...

  1. 大都市边缘区城乡协调发展模式研究——以成都市龙泉驿区为例%Large city marginal area city and town coordination development mode research take Chendu Longqianyi district as example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪娟萍

    2011-01-01

    The metropolitan fringe is the transition zone where the rural-urban areas' popularity composition,the economic features,the social formation and the land utilization are all in the process of change.In the context of rapid industrialization and urbanization,it is also the forward position region to realize the harmonious development between urban and rural area.On the basis of discussing the difficulties during the course of urban and rural integration,this paper combined with case of Longquanyi District's practice to introduces the strategic actions such as improving the public service system and construction of urban infrastructure,building diversity industry system,implementing the planning and management covering the rural and the urban areas,and innovating the institutions and mechanism to realize the integration development.%大都市边缘区是城乡人口构成、经济特征、社会形态以及土地发生变化的过渡地带,在工业化和城市化迅猛推进的背景下也是实现城乡协调发展的前沿地带。本文在论述大都市边缘区城乡协调发展困境的基础上,结合成都市龙泉驿区的实践,介绍了通过完善城乡公共服务体系与基础设施建设,构建城乡多元化产业体系,实施城乡一体的规划管理,以及创新政策体制机制等战略举措实现城乡一体化的发展模式。

  2. City project and public space

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    The book aims at nurturing theoretic reflection on the city and the territory and working out and applying methods and techniques for improving our physical and social landscapes. The main issue is developed around the projectual dimension, with the objective of visualising both the city and the territory from a particular viewpoint, which singles out the territorial dimension as the city’s space of communication and negotiation. Issues that characterise the dynamics of city development will be faced, such as the new, fresh relations between urban societies and physical space, the right to the city, urban equity, the project for the physical city as a means to reveal civitas, signs of new social cohesiveness, the sense of contemporary public space and the sustainability of urban development. Authors have been invited to explore topics that feature a pluralism of disciplinary contributions studying formal and informal practices on the project for the city and seeking conceptual and operative categories capab...

  3. Understanding Campus and Community Relationships through Marriage and Family Metaphors: A Town-Gown Typology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gavazzi, Stephen M.; Fox, Michael; Martin, Jeff

    2014-01-01

    In this article we argue that the scholarship on marriages and families provides invaluable insights into town-gown relationships. Marital typologies are used to generate insights into what happens between campus and community relationships over time, and a line of family scholarship provides some additional illumination about the ways in which…

  4. 75 FR 21006 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for... announcing a public meeting entitled: ``Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices...

  5. 75 FR 40844 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for... announcing a public meeting entitled: ``Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices...

  6. 75 FR 24718 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for...) is announcing a public meeting entitled ``Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center...

  7. An epidemiological survey of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease in Sahafa Town, Sudan.

    OpenAIRE

    1992-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to determine the prevalence of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease and to initiate a programme of secondary prophylaxis in Sahafa Town, Sudan. DESIGN--The study was a prospective case finding survey, carried out by a specially trained team headed by a cardiologist. SETTING--The study involved high risk school children (5-15 years of age) from Sahafa Town in the period 1986-1989. SUBJECTS--A total of 13,332 children on the school registers (7892 boys and 54...

  8. Education, Ethnic Homogenization and Cultural Hybridization (Brussels, Belgium, and Cape Town, South Africa).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leman, Johan, Ed.

    1999-01-01

    The eight chapters of this theme issue examine the ways in which autochthonous communities regard the supply side of education. The supply side is segregational in nature, and immigrants themselves move toward ethnic homogenization. The focus is on urban minorities in Brussels (Belgium). Compares the situation in Cape Town (South Africa). (SLD)

  9. Smart Cities and Sustainability Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena BATAGAN

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In our age cities are complex systems and we can say systems of systems. Today locality is the result of using information and communication technologies in all departments of our life, but in future all cities must to use smart systems for improve quality of life and on the other hand for sustainable development. The smart systems make daily activities more easily, efficiently and represent a real support for sustainable city development. This paper analysis the sus-tainable development and identified the key elements of future smart cities.

  10. Ecological Drainage Construction Plan of Guantang New Town of Zhenjiang City%镇江市官塘新城生态排水建设规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨森; 赵江

    2013-01-01

    The ecological drainage construction plan idea was proposed to coordinate the Guantang new town planning with low-carbon,ecology,wisdom and livable environment concepts.This plan adopted foreign mature experience of low-impact development and flood risk assessment techniques.The Guantang new town drainage works were arranged with considering rainwater utilization,pollutant source control,urban green corridor,extraordinary flood discharge channels and optimization of urban land use.The ecological drainage construction plan and the guidelines for the design,construction,maintenance and management were compiled to provide technical and operational management basis for implementation of the ecological concept in the construction process.%为配合“低碳、生态、智慧、宜居”的官塘新城总体规划,提出了生态排水建设的规划思路.该规划采用国外成熟的低影响开发经验和洪水风险评估技术,综合考虑雨水利用、污染物源头控制、城市绿色廊道、超标准洪水泄流途径以及城市用地优化,提出了官塘新城水系和生态排水工程布置方案.同时,编制了生态排水建设规划以及配合实施的设计、施工、维护和管理指南,为生态理念在建设过程中的实施提供了可操作的技术和管理依据.

  11. 云南大理市凤仪镇大丰乐墓地的发掘%Excavation in the Dafengle Cemetery at Fengyi Town of Dali City,Yunnan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    云南省文物考古研究所; 大理市博物馆

    2001-01-01

    The Yunnan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and the Dali Municipal Museum carried out two seasons of excavation in the Dafengle cemetery at Fengyi Town, Dali City. They excavated 966 tombs of cremation and 21 burials in the ground. The former are round or oval,while the latter are rectangular earth shafts. The coffins are largely pottery, porcelain and bronze jars,and pottery vats and basins occur in very a few cases with the former used as double-vat coffins and the latter as coffin covers. Most of the funeral objects are pottery, and porcelain, irons and bronzes were also yielded. The tombs fall into three phases. The first phase embraces exclusively tombs of cremation and is represented by jars of Type A, with the remains of the dead buried in single-jar coffins and accompanied by rare grave goods. They go back to the time from the late Tang to the Early Northern Song period. The second phase comprises also tombs of cremation, and features the increase of coffin types and the emergence of double-jar coffins. They are dated to the time from the final stage of the Northern Song through the Yuan Dynasty. The third phase contain tombs of cremation, and burials in the ground occur at the middle stage. The former feature variety in coffin, the popularity of double-jar coffins and the appearance of burials in three or four combined jars. They can be assigned to the final stage of the Ming period.

  12. PATIAL SCALE-LEVELS OF ORGANIZATION OF ARCHITECTURAL AND TOWN PLANNING OBJECTS IN THE LIGHT OF THE..

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Елена Алексеевна Фаворская

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In this article formation of large-scale and spatial levels of the organization of architectural town-planning objects, perceptions of three types of scale determined by character is considered: tactile perception (invoice, texture, object perception, visual and fragmentary perception of town-planning object.

  13. Predictors of physical activity among rural and small town breast cancer survivors: an application of the theory of planned behaviour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vallance, Jeff K; Lavallee, Celeste; Culos-Reed, Nicole S; Trudeau, Marc G

    2012-01-01

    The primary objective of this study was to investigate the utility of the two-component theory of planned behaviour (TPB) in understanding physical activity intentions and behaviour in rural and small town breast cancer survivors. The secondary objective was to elicit the most common behavioural, normative and control beliefs of rural and small town survivors regarding physical activity. Using a cross-sectional survey design, 524 rural and small town breast cancer survivors completed a mailed survey that assessed physical activity and TPB variables. Physical activity intention explained 12% of the variance in physical activity behaviour (p activity intention (p activity determinants among rural and small town breast cancer survivors. These data can be used in the development and establishment of physical activity behaviour interventions and health promotion materials designed to facilitate physical activity behaviour among rural and small town breast cancer survivors.

  14. Analysis of Related Risk Factors in Guangzhou City Flower Town of Anemia in Children%广州市花山镇儿童贫血的相关危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗就馨; 梁寿云; 李功基

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨和研究广州市花山镇3~6岁儿童贫血状况,并对影响因素进行分析。方法采用随机抽样法抽取广州市花山镇的1000名3~6岁儿童,进行问卷调查并测定血红蛋白含量。结果3~4岁年龄段的儿童贫血发生率最高,但随着年龄的增长贫血发生率有所下降;男性和女性贫血发生率分别为14.0%(76/541)和14.2%(65/459),对比并无显著差异(χ2=0.319,P>0.05);婴儿在4~6个月时添加辅食的贫血发生率最低,9~12个月时发生率最高;母亲文化程度为初中、大专及以上,职业为工人、科教文卫、干部,孕期贫血是影响儿童贫血的主要因素。结论广州市花山镇儿童的贫血问题亟待解决,要重视该地区的宣教工作,提高儿童及监护人的认知程度,改善儿童的饮食状况,提高科学喂养率,减少贫血的发生。%Objective To explore and research of Guangzhou City Flower Town of 3~6 years old children anemia status, and influence factors analysis. Methods 1000 children aged 3~6 years old by random sampling in Guangzhou City Flower Town, conducted a questionnaire survey and determination of hemoglobin content. Results 3~4 years of age children the incidence of anemia was the highest, but with age, the incidence of anemia decreased; the male and female incidence of anemia were 14%(76/541) and 14.2%(65/459), significant differences in contrast no (χ2=0.319, P>0.05); infant anemia add food supplement in 4~6 months. The lowest incidence rate was the highest, the occurrence of 9~12 months; mother cultural degree for junior high school, college and above, occupation, education and health for the workers, cadres, not anemia during pregnancy are the main factors that influence the children anemia. Conclusions Guangzhou Flower Town chil-dren anemia problems to be solved, attention should be paid to the area of the missionary work, raising awareness of child and the guardian

  15. 资阳市宝台镇普通话普及程度及思考%Reflections on the Popularization Degree of Putonghua in Baotai Town of Ziyang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何锟

    2013-01-01

    本研究针对资阳市宝台镇农村中小学生普通话普及程度较低的现状,从对普通话的认识,教师来源等方面展开问卷调查。对调查结果统计分析,从不同角度找出普通话普及程度低的问题、原因,以及当前普通话在农村推广的普遍问题。希望本文从中能引起当地政府及教育机构对推广普通话所带来的问题与影响的重视。%In view of the current situation that the popularization degree of Putonghua is low in rural primary and secondary schools in Baotai Town of Ziyang City, a questionnaire survey was carried out from the knowledge of Putonghua and the source of teachers, etc. Through a statistical analysis of the survey results, the problems and causes of the low popularization degree of Pu-tonghua, as well as the common problems of Putonghua popular-ization in rural areas were found from different angles. The writer hopes that the problems and their influences discussed in this ar-ticle could attract the attention of local governments and educa-tional institutions.

  16. Teaching Medieval Towns: Group Exercises, Individual Presentations and Self-Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roach, Andrew; Gunn, Vicky

    2002-01-01

    Examines the use of innovative collaborative small group activities in a Medieval History undergraduate honors course. Discusses student evaluations and feedback from a focus group to investigate the use of group exercises that involve the construction of three-dimensional models of medieval towns and the use of self-assessment. (Author/LRW)

  17. Options for Water, Energy and Chemical Savings for Finitex, Cape Town

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schneider, Zsig; Wenzel, Henrik

    An analysis of the options identified for saving of water, energy and chemicals was conducted at Finitex, Cape Town on the 18th October 2002. Cost savings were calculated from an estimation of the reduction in cost of water, energy and chemical usage associated with various interventions. Capital...

  18. Young People, Social Exclusion and Inter-Generational Tension in a Rural Somerset Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meek, Rosie

    2008-01-01

    This article seeks to explore how the myth of the "rural idyll" can be detrimental to those who currently experience some of the greatest social exclusion in rural areas--children and young people. The research explores the views and experiences of the young residents of a small town in the south-west of England (n = 157, ages 12-18…

  19. University and the Entrance Examinations in a Greek Provincial Town: A Bottom-Up Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benincasa, Luciana

    1998-01-01

    Focuses on the cultural meaning of university education and of participation in the extremely competitive entrance examinations to university, as viewed from a Greek provincial town. Notes that despite high graduate unemployment, university education and sitting for entrance examinations have important social status implications. (DSK)

  20. [A modification factor of spontaneous chromosomal aberrations in miner's towns and settlements].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volkov, A V; Golovina, T A; Minina, V I; Mokrushina, N V; Druzhinin, V G; Glushkov, A N; Shabaldin, A V

    2006-01-01

    The level and qualitative spectrum of spontaneous chromosomal aberrations (CA) were comparatively analyzed in the lymphocytes of 655 children and adolescents from the Kemerovo Region. The presented sample was divided into 3 groups according to the type of an inhabited locality: 1) small miner's towns; 2) large industrial towns; and 3) rural localities. The maximum frequency of CA (3.77 +/- 0.22%) was noted in a group of dwellers in the miner's towns; its minimum frequency (2.68 +/- 0.17%) among the rural inhabitants. The significant clastogenic effects (including the markers of radiation exposure) were detected in the miner's towns located in the southern part of the region, which represented mountain and submountain areas. At the same time, in the northern and western parts of the Kemerovo Region, the average frequencies of CA in children and adolescents did not exceed the control background values. Thus, the residence in the inhabited localities specializing in mining is not a factor of absolute toxicogenetic risk.

  1. Globalization : Countries, Cities and Multinationals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    McCann, Philip; Acs, Zoltan J.

    2011-01-01

    McCann P. and Acs Z. J. Globalization: countries, cities and multinationals, Regional Studies. This paper explores the relationship between the size of a country, the size of its cities, and the importance of economies of scale in the modern era of globalization. In order to do this, it integrates t

  2. [Spatial distribution and landscape ecological impact degree assessment of quarry in Zhuhai City].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Zhifeng; Wang, Jizeng; Zhuo, Muning; Wan, Hongfu

    2004-02-01

    Artificial erosion is one of the typical artificial landscape degradation. Based on the support of GIS and RS and combined with field investigation data, the spatial distribution characteristics and landscape ecological impact degree of quarry were analyzed. There were 235 quarries in Zhuhai city, which concentrated on Sanzao town and Jingan town. According to buffer analysis, the quarries distribution had a obviously logarithm relationship with its distances from roads. 152 quarries with the area of more than 5000 m2 were assessed by landscape ecological impact degree (LEI) index. The results indicated that 9 quarries belonged to great influence level and 19 quarries belonged to strong influence on ecological environment.

  3. Methamphetamine Use and Sexual Risk Behavior among High School Students in Cape Town, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pluddemann, Andreas; Flisher, Alan J.; McKetin, Rebecca; Parry, Charles D.; Lombard, Carl J.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate whether methamphetamine use is associated with sexual risk behavior among adolescents. Method: A cross-sectional survey of 1,561 male and female high school students in Cape Town (mean age 14.9 years) was conducted using items from the Problem Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers (POSIT) HIV Risk Scale. Results:…

  4. The Spiral Gallery: Non-Market Creativity and Belonging in an Australian Country Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waitt, Gordon; Gibson, Chris

    2013-01-01

    This paper seeks to explore creative practice in an Australian country town, and in so doing, to unsettle market-orientated interpretations of creativity that privilege the urban. Instead of focusing on creative practice as a means to develop industries, we focus on how creativity is a means to establish a cooperative gallery space that helps to…

  5. 基于季节适应性的旅游依托型村镇规划研究--以五大连池市双泉镇为例%A study of planning of towns relying on tourism based on seasonal adaptability---taking Shuangquan Town of Wudalianchi City as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆明; 成智; 张宁

    2015-01-01

    随着旅游景区的深入开发与建设,旅游依托型村镇在与景区互动开发、优化旅游格局、增强旅游业等方面起着重要作用,但往往会面临景区旅游季节性所带来的影响。以五大连池市双泉镇为例,在调查研究的基础上,分析旅游依托型村镇的季节适应性特征及表现形态,在旅游资源的合理利用、产业统筹布局、功能多元构建、管理服务弹性化等方面提出规划设计对策,以期缓解旅游季节性带来的负面影响,促进景区及依托村镇的可持续发展。%With the development and construction of scenic spots , tow ns relying on tourism get a new opportunity to develop ,and play more and more important role on interacting with the scenic spots , optimizing travel patterns ,and enhancing tourism industry . However , these towns have to face the problems resulting from the seasonal tourism of scenic spots in many respects . This paper , taking Shuangquan Town of Wudalianchi city as an example and on the basis of in‐depth investigation and research ,analyzes the feature and form of seasonal adaptability on tow ns relying on tourism ,Planning and design countermeasures are put forward in the rational use of tourism resources ,the layout of industry and the diversity of functions ,and the flexibility of management services .In order to ease the negative impact of the tourism seasonality ,it can promote the sustainable development of the scenic spot and rely on the villages and tow ns .

  6. Human diffusion and city influence

    CERN Document Server

    Lenormand, Maxime; Tugores, Antònia; Ramasco, José J

    2015-01-01

    Cities are characterized by concentrating population, economic activity and services. However, not all cities are equal and hierarchy in terms of influence at local, regional or global scales naturally emerges. Traditionally, there have been important efforts to describe this hierarchy by indirect measures such the sharing of company headquarters, traffic by air, train or boats or economical exchanges. In this work, we take a different approach and introduce a method that uses geolocated Twitter information to quantify the impact of cities on rural or other urban areas. Since geolocated tweets are becoming a global phenomenon, the method can be applied at a world-wide scale. We focus on $58$ cities and analyze the mobility patterns of people after visiting them for the first time. Cities such as Rome and Paris appear consistently as those with largest area covered by Twitter users after their visit and as those attracting visitors most diverse in origin. The study is also performed discerning users mobility b...

  7. 城市主题文化视域的高铁新城成长路径--以苏州高铁新城为例%The Development of High-speed Rail Town in Relation to the City Theme Culture A case study of Suzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钮钦

    2016-01-01

    高铁新城在各地快速规划建设的同时也出现了同质化等倾向。基于城市主题文化推进高铁新城规划建设为避免高铁新城的同质化问题提供了理论和实践借鉴。城市主题文化是城市特质的系统性体现,是指导城市发展的整体性思维。城市主题文化的三个构成维度,即文化特质、文创产业和文化空间都对高铁新城的成长有着重要影响。例如,苏州的城市主题文化既有苏州特征,又具有开放性、创新性和可塑性,这种城市主题文化对苏州的高铁新城建设产生了重要影响,高铁新城已成为大苏州城市的有机组成部分。基于城市主题文化推进高铁新城规划建设,应以文化特质传承创新,文化创意产业培育和文化空间优化为着力点。%The rapid planning and construction of High-speed Rail (HSR)towns in China has witnessed a tendency of homogeneity.Designing HSR towns in accordance with the city theme culture provides a theoretical and practical solution to the homogeneity problem.The city theme culture is the systematic embodiment of the characteristics of the city and the overall conception of guiding the development of the city.The three dimensions of the city theme culture,namely,the cultural characteristics,the cul-tural and creative industries,and the cultural space,all have significant impact on the development of HSR towns.For example,Suzhou's city theme culture has its characteristics,featured by openness, innovation,and flexibility.The theme culture of Suzhou has shaped the designing of Suzhou HSR town,which has now become an organic part of Suzhou.It is argued that designing HSR towns in ac-cordance with the city theme culture should focus on the inheritance and innovation of cultural charac-teristics,the cultivation of cultural and creative industries,and optimization of the cultural space.

  8. Town Land Conos lidationP lanningun der the Vision of Beautiful Countryside Construtc ion-A Case Study ofLi anshi Town,Nanxun District,Huzhou City,Zhejiang Province%美丽乡村建设愿景下的镇域土地整治规划--以浙江省湖州市南浔区练市镇为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡正; 邵子豪; 郑力; 徐倩

    2016-01-01

    With land consolidation in Lianshi Town, Nanxun District, Huzhou City, Zhejiang Province as an example, through investigation on demand and potential of village renovation, ecological improvement, low efficiency land use, infrastructure improvement and agricultural land consolidation, the basic principles and strategic objectives of land comprehensive consolidation were proposed.By policy support strengthening, system innovation and information construction , the aim was to built a happy and beautiful town with harmonious coexistence of production , life and ecology.%以浙江省湖州市南浔区练市镇土地整治为例,通过调查村庄整治、生态整治、低效用地整治、基础设施整治和农用地整理的需求与潜力,提出土地综合整治的基本方针和战略目标,优化重建镇村体系,通过加大政策扶持力度、制度创新和信息化建设,将练市镇打造成生产、生活、生态和谐共生的美丽新镇。

  9. 东莞市横沥镇35岁及以上居民肥胖流行情况及其与高血压的关系%Epidemic status of obesity and its relationship with hypertension among residents over the age of 35 in Hengli town of Dongguan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭贵成; 黄辉; 王毅方; 杨玉; 黄光宇; 杨庆东; 邓仲良; 王景峰

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the epidemic status of obesity and its relationship with hypertension among residents above 35 years old in Hengli town of Dongguan.Methods From July 2011 to Apirl 2012,a cluster sampling method was used in this survey.Questionnaire survey and body measurement (height,weight,waist circumference,hip circumference,and blood pressure) were conducted among 10 036 residents above the age of 35 in Hengli town,Dongguan.Results 9 880 individuals completed the quesionnaire and body measurement.The prevalence of excess weight,obesity and central obesity was 37.5%,16.5% and 51.8%,respectively.Between males and females,the prevalence of obesity(P =0.856) and central obesity (P =0.505).The prevalence of hypertension was 34.6%.The levels of SBP/DBP in individuals with excess weight,obesity and central obesity were 133.7/77.5 mmHg,138.5/80.4 mmHg and 136.2/78.3 mmHg respectively.In the same papulation,the prevalence of hypertension were 38.4%,50.8% and 45.2% respectively.Both the levels of SBP/DBP and prevalence of hypertension in different BMI and waist circumference had statistically significant differences(all P < 0.05).The prevalence of hypertension in those with excess weight and obesity were 1.78 times(95% CI:1.56-2.02)and 3.20 times (95% CI:2.71-3.80) higher than those with 18.5 ≤BMI <24.The hypertensive prevalence in those with central obesity was 1.54 times higher than those with normal waist circumference (95% CI:1.36-1.75).Conclusions The prevalence of excess weight,obesity and central obesity among residents above 35 years of age in Hengli town of Dongguan are high,and the central obesity is predominant.Body mass index and waist circumference are independent risk factors for hypertension.The relationship between BMI and hypertension is closer than that between waist circumference and hypertension.%目的 调查东莞市横沥镇≥35岁居民肥胖流行情况及其与高血压的关系.方法 2011年7月~2012年4月采

  10. 白族石头砌墙乡土建筑的价值与传承--以大理市银桥镇磻曲村为例%Study on the Inheritance and Value of Bai People's Stone Wall Vernacular Architecture:A Case of Panqu Village in Yinqiao Town of Dali City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨砚池

    2014-01-01

    The stone wall vernacular architecture is the indigenous creation of architectural culture of Bai ancestors living near Erhai Lake. In Panqu Village in Yinqiao Town, 44 ancient courtyards with an area of 48 acres are relatively well-preserved. Their location, layout, planning control, building style, and daily life customs have formed a unique regional culture, which is an important research topic for history, sociology, religion, art, architecture, and ecology. The protection of the ancient courtyards in Panqu Village should be based on the context, stick to the authenticity, develop the subjectivity, pay attention to the coordination, and focus on development, so as to achieve a virtuous circle between the vernacular architecture inheritance and the village development.%石头砌墙传统建筑是洱海流域白族先民创造的本土建筑文化。银桥镇磻曲村占地48亩的44个古民居院落保存较为完整,在选址布局、规划控制、建筑风格、起居习俗等方面形成了独特的地域文化,是历史学、社会学、宗教学、艺术学、建筑学、生态学等研究的重要宝库。磻曲村民居保护要立足文脉性、坚持原真性、发挥主体性、注重协调性、突出发展性,实现乡土建筑传承与村落发展的良性循环。

  11. 苏南新农村广场文化建设探析——基于常熟市海虞镇的活动实践%the analysis of the construction of new rural areas and new rural areas plaza——based of the practising activities in Haiyu town Changshu City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许钰晨

    2012-01-01

    新农村广场文化活动以其开放性大、参与性强等特点逐步成为群众文化建设的拳头产品,在新农村文化建设中发挥重要的作用。文章基于常熟市海虞镇的广场文化活动实践,通过分析活动的特色和经验,对今后的活动进行探索和展望。从而对苏南地区新农村文化建设中广场文化建设部分作一些微观探析,也为其他地区的广场文化建设提供一些有益的借鉴。%Cultural activities in rural areas has become a mass culture of competitive products for its openness,participation,and other characteristics.It plays an important role in the construction of new rural culture.Article is based on the series of the square culture activities in the town of Changshu Haiyu.Make an exploration and prospect for the activities in the future by analyzing the characteristics and experience of the activities.Thus the southern region of rural culture in the Square,a new culture partly for some of the micro-analysis,but also for cultural development in other parts of the square to provide some useful lessons.

  12. Features of Sanshengong debris flow hazard in Longchi Town of Dujiangyan City%都江堰龙池镇三神公泥石流灾害特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿慧辉; 贾景超

    2012-01-01

    受2008年“5·12”地震影响,四川都江堰地震灾区的龙池镇暴发了泥石流,造成了较大的经济损失。三神公泥石流沟位于龙池镇,“5·12”汶川地震产生的大量崩滑体为其提供了充分的物源。在暴雨条件下形成了泥石流。三神公泥石流具有流通区较短、流量较大、发生较隐蔽的特点。以现场调查资料为基础,分析了三神公泥石流的形成背景和成灾条件,计算了泥石流密度、屈服应力、流量、冲出总量等静动力学参数。对泥石流的起动和堆积特征进行了讨论,并且提出相应的防治措施。研究结果可为强震区泥石流灾害的防治提供参考。%Debris flow hazards caused by rainstorms in I~ngchi Town of Dujiangyan City after May 12, 2008 Wen- chuan, Sichuan earthquake and brought about a large quantity of economic loss. Sanshengong debris flow gully is located at Longchi Town. A lot of materials from collapses and landslides produced by the Wenchuan earthquake provided abundant material sources for debris flow. Sanshengong debris flow has features including short circulating area, hidden and relatively numerous discharges. Based on site survey, the formation background and conditions were analyzed, the static and dynamic parameters such as bulk density, yield stress, discharge, transported sedi- ment scale were calculated, the initiation and accumulation process of this debris flow event were discussed, and corresponding prevention and control measures were put forward. The results from the study may give a reference to prevention and control of debris flow in macroseismic area.

  13. Going to Town: Where Is the Nearest Steakhouse?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Growing up in Loretto, Tennessee, population 1,700, people called it "going to town" when they went to any city big enough to have a McDonald's, Walmart, or a movie theater. If someone is not from a small town, they may not know what type of economic activities a small town can support. Will the town have a police department? Will there be enough…

  14. Everyone’s and No one’s Place: The historic town of Tegucigalpa-Comayagüela at the beginning of the XXIth Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria Lara-Pinto

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Tegucigalpa, founded at the end of the XVIth Century, became the capital city in 1880, and the Central District –Tegucigalpa and Comayagüela- in 1937. Its Historic Center extends over some 1.8 km², segmented by the Choluteca River. In spite of the functional obsolescence of a good number of buildings, the Historic City Center retains its emblematic value in the collective imagery as an identity stronghold, historic town and the seat of the central government. Although the citizenry recognizes the loss of public spaces, the lack of political will from decisions makers deprives civil society of valid dialogue partners. Under these circumstances, it is urgent to forge a stronger link between the younger generations and their Historic Center.

  15. The socio-economic and spatial transformation of Polish cities after 1989

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerzy J. Parysek

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present the socio-economic and spatial transformation of Polishcities after 1989. The Polish changes reached the structures of the three basic subsystems ofthe state: political (power, social (society, and economic (the economy. The systemictransformation that has taken place in Poland after 1989 is most readily visible in towns,although it was introduced in the country as a whole. For the development and transformationof towns, the most important were the introduction of local government structures andthe market model of the economy. The restitution of local government has ensured townsan authentic manager authorised to perform his function by the local community. The introductionof the market model to the economy has resulted in its privatisation and the appearanceof enterprise and competition. Towns, especially the biggest cities, have becomeattractive locations for investment. Cities with a balanced economic structure and well-developedinfrastructure had much better chances for growth to start with. Unfortunately, thetransformation period has also had some detrimental effects, the most important being unemploymentand all kinds of social deviance. However, Polish cities are certainly differenttoday and resemble Western cities to a greater extent than did the so-called socialist townsbuilt along theoretically beautiful but practically ineffectual ideological lines.

  16. A Research on The Outlying Towns of Mega-City Regions——A Case Study of the Eastern District of Beijing%特大城市地区外围城镇规划研究——以京东地区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李继军; 王正海

    2013-01-01

    在特大城市“一极化”趋势加强背景下,外围城镇发展面临土地利用效率低下、空间无序蔓延、对中心城市依赖性强等诸多问题.一方面郊区化完全由中心城市所主导,对圈层结构存在路径依赖;另一方面单个城镇陷入“囚徒困惑”,区域单中心结构不断被强化.借鉴东京、首尔等大都市圈在“一极集中”背景下的规划建设经验,以北京东部地区为案例,提出形成具有“多级构造”地区城市的发展思路,并进一步从支撑体系、约束系统和管理体制三方面提出地区城市的运行机制.%In recent years, the polarization tendency of mega-cities has been strengthened while outlying towns have been facing problems such as inefficient land use, sprawl and strong dependence on central cities. Reasons behind such phenomenon include central-city dominated suburbanization process and vicious competition among individual towns. By reviewing planning and development experience of functionally-concentrated Tokyo and Seoul metropolitan areas, the paper tries to shed light on the development of Eastern District of Beijing. It proposes a multi-level structure of regional urban development. In addition, the paper , provides further suggestions on regional city operations in terms of support system, restraint system and management system.

  17. City Walks and Tactile Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mădălina Diaconu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is an attempt to develop categories of the pedestrian’s tactile and kinaesthetic experience of the city. The beginning emphasizes the haptic qualities of surfaces and textures, which can be “palpated” visually or experienced by walking. Also the lived city is three-dimensional; its corporeal depth is discussed here in relation to the invisible sewers, protuberant profiles, and the formal diversity of roofscapes. A central role is ascribed in the present analysis to the formal similarities between the representation of the city by walking through it and the representation of the tactile form of objects. Additional aspects of the “tactile” experience of the city in a broad sense concern the feeling of their rhythms and the exposure to weather conditions. Finally, several aspects of contingency converge in the visible age of architectural works, which record traces of individual and collective histories.

  18. Small and Scenic Fenghuang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    FENGHUANG(Chinese for phoenix), a small city under the jurisdiction of the Tujia Autonomous Prefecture of Hunan Province, borders northern Guizhou Province and eastern Chongqing Municipality. Surrounded by mountains and girdled by the Tuojiang River, this small, quiet city is famous for its beautiful landscape, and as birthplace of several celebrated Chinese personages.Fenghuang’s history dates back 1,316 years. It was originally named Weiyang, and its location was in today’s Huangsiqiao

  19. Attitudes toward couples-based HIV counseling and testing among MSM in Cape Town, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, Rob; Rentsch, Christopher; Sullivan, Patrick; McAdams-Mahmoud, Ayesha; Jobson, Geoff; Struthers, Helen; McIntyre, James

    2013-05-01

    Couples-based voluntary HIV counseling and testing (CVCT) allows couples to receive their HIV test results together and has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing HIV transmission, increasing and sustaining condom use, and reducing sexual risk-taking among at-risk heterosexual couples. However, the acceptability of CVCT among MSM has yet to be evaluated in an African setting. The results from seven focus group discussions and 29 in-depth interviews conducted in Cape Town, South Africa exhibit overwhelmingly high acceptance of CVCT. Participants were attracted to the counseling components of the service, stating that these would allow for the couple to increase their commitment and to explore methods of how to effectively reduce their risk of acquiring or transmitting HIV in the presence of a trained counselor. These results suggest CVCT would be highly welcomed and could work to fill the significant lack of services available and accessible to MSM couples in Cape Town.

  20. The Representation of the Hungarian Towns in Domenico Zenoi's and Paolo Forlani's Cartographic Work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Béla Szalai

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the mid-16th century Venice was the European center of cartography. The two most distinguished representatives of the Venetian school of cartography, which included their close collaborators, Natale Bonifacio and Martin Rota Kolunic from Šibenik in Dalmatia, were Domenico Zenoi and Paolo Forlani. The study deals with their cartographic and publishing activity, their relationship and rivalry within the context of the Venetian cartographic production and analyzes in detail their engravings of the Hungarian towns at the time of the Ottoman conquests, including the siege and the fall of the fortress Sziget during the command of Nikola Šubić Zrinyi. The analysis is based on the five extant copies of Zenoi's and Forlani's collections of views, two of which have been unknown until discovered by the author in the Budapest National Library.Keywords: Cartography; Venice; Zenoi; Forlani; Hungarian towns; Ottoman conquests

  1. Plow, town, and gown: the politics of family practice in 1960s America.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobbell, Dominique

    2013-01-01

    In the 1960s, general practitioners organized themselves into a state-based nationwide political movement that lobbied state legislators and state-funded medical schools to create departments of family practice. They framed their calls in the context of the national shortages of primary care physicians by arguing that those medical schools that received state funding had an obligation to the state to train sufficient numbers of primary care physicians to ensure the health care needs of the state's residents would be met. As this article reveals, two defining features of this activism were rural politics and the politics of town and gown. The history of family practice thus introduces a new dimension to the familiar dyad of town and gown relations: the plow-rural physicians who brought to the medical politics of the post-World War II United States a distinctive and powerful set of political, social, and economic interests.

  2. Parasitic Contamination of Fruits and Vegetables Collected from Selected Local Markets of Jimma Town, Southwest Ethiopia

    OpenAIRE

    Tefera, Tamirat; Biruksew, Abdissa; Mekonnen, Zeleke; Eshetu, Teferi

    2014-01-01

    Background. A study aimed at determining the prevalence and predictors of parasitic contamination of fruits and vegetables collected from local markets in Jimma Town, Ethiopia, was conducted between April and May 2013. Methods. A total of 360 samples of fruits and vegetables were examined by sedimentation concentration after washing using normal saline. Results. The overall prevalence of parasitic contamination was 57.8%. Strongyloides like parasite (21.9%) was the most frequent parasitic con...

  3. Physico-chemical and bacteriological quality assessment of shallow wells in Kitui town, Kenya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romulus Abila

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Kitui town, a small but fast growing town in arid south-eastern Kenya faces unreliable water supply and residents are highly dependent on shallow wells as the main source of water for domestic use. A study was carried out to assess the physical-chemical and bacteriological quality of water from shallow wells within the town’s main residential areas. 96 water samples were collected from 8 main residential estates within the town between May and July 2011 and analysed for physical-chemical characteristics and bacterial quantity and species. Water analysis revealed presence of 9 pathogenic genera including Salmonella, Escherichia coli, Vibrio, Listeria, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Enterobacter, Klebsiella and Pseudomonas. Multiple-tube fermentation technique was used to enumerate coliform bacteria in water. Total aerobic bacterial load ranged from 3.70 x102 to 2.352 x103 CFU/ml. E. Coli was isolated from Majengo and Mjini estates only and the bacterial load estimated as 1.10 x102 CFU/ml and 0.20 x102 CFU/ml respectively while Salmonella sp. was isolated from water samples from Kunda Kindu, JICA and Mjini estates. Conductivity and pH levels were above World Health Organization acceptable levels for drinking water in all samples. All samples tested did not meet the WHO bacteriological standards for drinking water. The presence of Salmonella, Vibrio, Listeria and E. Coli should particularly raise serious public health concerns over the quality of the town’s shallow wells water. Intervention measures including creating awareness and educating residents on shallow well construction, citing and care, boiling of water and improving sanitation should be urgently instituted. There is also need to construct sewerage works for the rapidly expanding Kitui town to reduce incidences of contamination from septic tanks.

  4. Urban, Environmental and Tourism State of the Romanian Carpathian Small Towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ELENA MATEI

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In Romania, after 1990, tourism is seen as a univer sal solution for the economic development of any region. In fact, some areas are appropriate to this. One of them is the Carpathian area, where a quarter of the Romanian sma ll towns exist. These settlements are still trying to adapt to the market economy hence many of them, as former mono-industrial centers, have shrank their activities and try to subscribe i n the new economic landscape. In the context of a great tourism potential given by the Carpathians resources and benefiting by urban development, few environmental changes analyzed through tourism p otential indicator (Tp, urban development indicator (UDI, environmental change indicator (ECh I, many of the mountainous small towns can successfully revive through tourism development . Their good economic, urban and environmental state influences the surroundings, ru ral area and their communities' wellbeing; hence their revival through tourism may increase th e mountain economy.

  5. Changing tune in Woodstock: Creative industries and local urban development in Cape Town, South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Since the beginning of the new millennium, a plethora of works has been published on the making of the ‘creative city’ and the urban impact of the creative economy. So far, however, limited recognition has been given to how the development of cultural industries and the creative economy as a whole influences urban transformation in the rapidly urbanising Global South, especially in Africa. In Cape Town, a steadily growing number of creative industries and ‘culturepreneurs’ (Lange 2005) are ca...

  6. SOME ECONOMIC AND ECOLOGIC ASPECTS OF WASTE MANAGEMENT IN A MIDDLE SIZED TOWN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin Dumescu

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Regulations of the European Union establish for local authorities obligations concerning waste management inside their area of competence. Carrying out these obligations need to connect result in economic and municipal fields to those in environment protection. After a short presentation of these obligations the paper contains a study of waste management in Lipova, a middle sized town in Arad County, Romania. The study is focused mainly on the waste dump of the town, which is planned to be shut down during the following years. This makes necessary to carry out preparing concerning waste management in the new conditions and also to assure environment protection on the actual emplacement after shutting down the existing dump.

  7. Substance Use and Psychosocial Predictors of High School Dropout in Cape Town, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flisher, Alan J.; Townsend, Loraine; Chikobvu, Perpetual; Lombard, Carl F.; King, Gary

    2010-01-01

    The aims of this study were to examine whether use of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs predicts dropout among secondary school students in Cape Town, South Africa. A self-report instrument was administered to 1,470 Grade 8 students. The proportion of students that dropped out of school between the onset of the study and 4 years later was 54.9%.…

  8. Sorting bodies: race, affect, and everyday multiculture in a mill town in northern England

    OpenAIRE

    Dan Swanton

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines how race might be understood differently when social interaction is taken as the starting point of analysis. I argue that dominant modes of theorising race as a biological construct or epistemological marker remain insufficient for understanding the multiple, contingent, and devious ways in which race takes form in, and gives shape to, encounters. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork in Keighley—a former mill town in northern England—the paper assembles narrative fragments th...

  9. Diurnal variations of airborne fungal spores concentration in the town and rural area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idalia Kasprzyk

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Airborne fungal spores were monitored in 2001-2002 in Rzeszów (town and its neighborhood. The aim of investigations was to ascertain if there were differences in diurnal variations of airborne fungal spores concentration between town and rural area. The sampling was carried out using volumetric method. Traps were located at the same heights - app. 12 m. Airborne spores were sampled continuously. Microscopical slides were prepared for each day. Analysis was carried out on one longitudinal band of 48 mm long divided into 24 segments corresponding following hours of day. The results were expressed as mean number of fungal spores per cubic meter per 24 hours. For this survey, five geni of allergenic fungi were selected: Alternaria, Botrytis, Cladosporium, Epicoccum, Ganoderma. The concentrations of their airborne spores were high or very high. It was calculated theoretical day, where the hourly count was the percentage mean of number of spores at that time every chosen day without rainfall from 2001 and 2001 years. The diurnal periodicity of Alternaria, Cladosporium, Epicoccum and Ganoderma showed one peak, while Botrytis two. Anamorphic spores peaked in the afternoon, while their minima occurred in the morning. The highest concentrations of Ganoderma basidiospores were at down or at night, but minima during the day. There were no clear differences in the peak values between two studied sites. The results indicate that maximum concentrations of all spores generally occurred a few hour earlier in the rural area than in the town. Probably, in the rural area airborne spores came from many local sources and their diurnal periodicity reflected rhythm of spore liberation. Towns are characterized by specific microclimate with higher temperature and wind blowing to the centre. In Rzeszów fungal spores could be transported outside and carried out by wind from distant sources. This study showed, among others, that habitat conditions are an important factors

  10. Zaječar: A view of a provincial and border town in Serbia

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    Krstić Dejan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses contemporary social and political processes which characterize the town of Zaječar in eastern Serbia: 1. Autocracy, showbiz-like public policy and crime-linked local authorities, 2. a very bad economic situation and a high unemployment rate, 3. Depopulation, 4. The increase in the number of tourist visits, 5 Ethno-cultural and identity diversity and “the Vlach issue.” These processes are closely related to difficult transitional times in Serbia, but also to local and regional particularities which are largely determined by provincial and border position of this town. The present conditions in Zaječar are considered in a context determined by the terms: small town, transition, provinces, bordering area, cultural heritage and multi-ethnicity. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179013: Održivost identiteta Srba i nacionalnih manjina u pograničnim opštinama istočne i jugoistočne Srbije

  11. Long Street: A Map of Post-Apartheid Cape Town

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    Giovanni Spissu

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available No map fully coincides with the territory it represents. If the map and territory do not coincide, what can the map capture of the territory? According to Bateson, the answer is its differences. Drawing from Gregory Bateson’s ideas, we can envision an ethnographic representation of the city through which we can represent the urban territory through the different ways its inhabitants perceive it. In this article, I describe the process that led me to build a map of post-apartheid Cape Town from Long Street. I took inspiration from Bateson’s book Naven and compared it with the District Six Museum map in Cape Town with the objective of representing post-apartheid Cape Town through its differences.

  12. Empirical Analysis on the Rural Urbanization Development in Luoyang City,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Development status of rural urbanization in Luoyang City is introduced.A total of 6 indices are selected,such as total households in townships,total population in townships,total grain output,financial budget income,balance of savings deposits at the end of the year,and per capita net income of farmers.According to the data in 2009 Luoyang Statistical Yearbook,cluster analysis of 53 designated towns is carried out.Result shows that 53 designated towns are divided into 4 types according to the economic strength.Problems in the development of rural urbanization in Luoyang City are analyzed,such as imperfect management system,lack of effective economic measures,irrational town layout,unbalanced regional development,inadequate urban infrastructure,limited population absorption,lack of main industry in small towns,insufficient development capital,serious environmental pollution,and great pressure on environmental protection of towns.Countermeasures for the development of rural urbanization in Luoyang City are put forward.For instance,judging from the dynamic mechanism,Luoyang City should gradually change its dynamic mechanism of urbanization into socialist market system.Judging from the scale of town,Luoyang City should actively develop the central city and cultivate strong counties and key towns.Judging from the function of town,Luoyang should select a special urban development mode with its own characteristics for its development of rural urbanization.

  13. Torrential floods and town and country planning in Serbia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ristić, R.; Kostadinov, S.; Abolmasov, B.; Dragićević, S.; Trivan, G.; Radić, B.; Trifunović, M.; Radosavljević, Z.

    2012-01-01

    Torrential floods are the most frequent natural catastrophic events in Serbia, causing the loss of human lives and huge material damage, both in urban and rural areas. The analysis of the intra-annual distribution of maximal discharges aided in noticing that torrential floods have a seasonal character. The erosion and torrent control works (ETCWs) in Serbia began at the end of the 19th century. Effective protection from torrential floods encompasses biotechnical works on the slopes in the watershed and technical works on the torrent beds, within a precisely defined administrative and spatial framework in order to achieve maximal safety for people and their property. Cooperation to overcome the conflicts between the sectors of the water resources management, forestry, agriculture, energetics, environmental protection and local economic development groups is indispensable at the following levels: policy, spatial planning, practice, investments and education. The lowest and most effective level is through the Plans for Announcement of Erosive Regions (PAERs) and the Plans for Protection from Torrential Floods (PPTFs), with Hazard Zones (HZs) and Threatened Areas (TAs) mapping on the basis of the hydrologic, hydraulic and spatial analysis of the factors that are important for the formation of torrential floods. Solutions defined through PAERs and PPTFs have to be integrated into Spatial Plans at local and regional levels.

  14. Torrential floods and town and country planning in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Ristić

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Torrential floods are the most frequent natural catastrophic events in Serbia, causing the loss of human lives and huge material damage, both in urban and rural areas. The analysis of the intra-annual distribution of maximal discharges aided in noticing that torrential floods have a seasonal character. The erosion and torrent control works (ETCWs in Serbia began at the end of the 19th century. Effective protection from torrential floods encompasses biotechnical works on the slopes in the watershed and technical works on the torrent beds, within a precisely defined administrative and spatial framework in order to achieve maximal safety for people and their property. Cooperation to overcome the conflicts between the sectors of the water resources management, forestry, agriculture, energetics, environmental protection and local economic development groups is indispensable at the following levels: policy, spatial planning, practice, investments and education. The lowest and most effective level is through the Plans for Announcement of Erosive Regions (PAERs and the Plans for Protection from Torrential Floods (PPTFs, with Hazard Zones (HZs and Threatened Areas (TAs mapping on the basis of the hydrologic, hydraulic and spatial analysis of the factors that are important for the formation of torrential floods. Solutions defined through PAERs and PPTFs have to be integrated into Spatial Plans at local and regional levels.

  15. Radon and radioactivity at a town overlying Uranium ores in northern Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kourtidis, K; Georgoulias, A K; Vlahopoulou, M; Tsirliganis, N; Kastelis, N; Ouzounis, K; Kazakis, N

    2015-12-01

    Extensive measurements of (222)Rn in the town of Xanthi in N Greece show that the part of the town overlying granite deposits and the outcrop of a uranium ore has exceptionally high indoor radon levels, with monthly means up to 1500 Bq m(-3). A large number of houses (40%) in this part of the town exhibit radon levels above 200 Bq m(-3) while 11% of the houses had radon levels above 400 Bq m(-3). Substantial interannual variability as well as the highest in Europe winter/summer ratios (up to 12) were observed in this part of the town, which consist of traditional stone masonry buildings of the late 19th-early 20th century. Measurements of (238)U and (232)Th content of building materials from these houses as well as radionuclide measurements in different floors show that the high levels of indoor radon measured in these buildings are not due to high radon emanation rates from the building materials themselves but rather due to high radon flux from the soil because of the underlying geology, high radon penetration rates into the buildings from underground due to the lack of solid concrete foundations in these buildings, or a combination thereof. From the meteorological variables studied, highest correlation with indoor (222)Rn was found with temperature (r(2) = 0.65). An indoor radon prognostic regression model using temperature, pressure and precipitation as input was developed, that reproduced indoor radon with r(2) = 0.69. Hence, meteorology is the main driving factor of indoor radon, with temperature being the most important determinant. Preliminary flux measurements indicate that the soil-atmosphere (222)Rn flux should be in the range 150-250 Bq m(-2) h(-1), which is in the upper 10% of flux values for Europe.

  16. DECENTRALIZATION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL HERITAGE MANAGEMENT IN THE YUCATECAN LIVING TOWNS. INDICATORS PARTICIPATION AND COORDINATION OF THE PUBLIC AND SOCIAL STAKEHOLDERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep Ligorred Perramon

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This research was developed against a background of debate arising since the 1990s regarding decentralization processes in archaeological heritage management in Mexico. Therefore this research focuses on the study of management processes in sites in Yucatan: particularly through observation of archaeological sites that make and what they do, and don’t, the different social actors to promote the conservation of this Our main hypothesis is that the lack of strategies for an activation of archaeological heritage in urban areas which is sustained over time and aimed at and/or alliance among the different government levels, and between government and various sectors of society, prohibits the and revaluing of this heritage for sustainable social use. We studied the archaeological situation prevailing in the Yucatecan cities of Mérida, Izamal, Acanceh and Dzilam González. The results us to demonstrate the need for a new management plan of heritage in living towns. Finally, we a series of indicators for measuring the participation, actions and coordination of those involved, with a view to collaborating in the development of mechanisms and strategies for evaluating advances in decentralization processes

  17. Aberdeen City Garden: Beyond Landscape or Architecture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jauslin, D.

    2012-01-01

    A team around the New York based Architects Diller, Scofidio & Renfro DS+R won a competition for the Aberdeen City Garden in January 2012 together with OLIN and Keppie Design. The proposal supported by a private deed to the city passed a public referendum in the Scottish costal town in March 2012 af

  18. Reviving the Town Meeting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grove, Tim

    1996-01-01

    Discusses the use of the National Issues Forum's (NIF's) town meetings in efforts to increase citizen participation in democratic processes. Describes the Catholic adaptation of the NIF approach, providing examples of its use at the high school, college, and community level. (MAB)

  19. An agrarian town?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haase, Kirstine

    been based on the sparse remains of a Viking Age ring fortress and written sources testifying to Odense as a place of significance from around 1000 CE. Recent large-scale excavations have offered the opportunity to study this early phase of the town from an archaeological point of view emphasizing...

  20. Health Aspects of Climate Change in Cities with Mediterranean Climate, and Local Adaptation Plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paz, Shlomit; Negev, Maya; Clermont, Alexandra; Green, Manfred S.

    2016-01-01

    Cities with a Mediterranean-type climate (Med-cities) are particularly susceptible to health risks from climate change since they are located in biogeographical hot-spots that experience some of the strongest effects of the changing climate. The study aims to highlight health impacts of climate change in Med-cities, analyze local climate adaptation plans and make adaptation policy recommendations for the Med-city level. We identified five Med-cities with a climate change adaptation plan: Adelaide, Barcelona, Cape Town, Los Angeles and Santiago. Beyond their similar Med-climate features (although Santiago’s are slightly different), the cities have different socio-economic characteristics in various aspects. We analyzed each plan according to how it addresses climate change-related drivers of health impacts among city dwellers. For each driver, we identified the types of policy adaptation tools that address it in the urban climate adaptation plans. The surveyed cities address most of the fundamental climate change-related drivers of risks to human health, including rising temperatures, flooding and drought, but the policy measures to reduce negative impacts vary across cities. We suggest recommendations for Med-cities in various aspects, depending on their local needs and vulnerability challenges: assessment of health risks, extreme events management and long-term adaptation, among others. PMID:27110801

  1. Health Aspects of Climate Change in Cities with Mediterranean Climate, and Local Adaptation Plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paz, Shlomit; Negev, Maya; Clermont, Alexandra; Green, Manfred S

    2016-04-21

    Cities with a Mediterranean-type climate (Med-cities) are particularly susceptible to health risks from climate change since they are located in biogeographical hot-spots that experience some of the strongest effects of the changing climate. The study aims to highlight health impacts of climate change in Med-cities, analyze local climate adaptation plans and make adaptation policy recommendations for the Med-city level. We identified five Med-cities with a climate change adaptation plan: Adelaide, Barcelona, Cape Town, Los Angeles and Santiago. Beyond their similar Med-climate features (although Santiago's are slightly different), the cities have different socio-economic characteristics in various aspects. We analyzed each plan according to how it addresses climate change-related drivers of health impacts among city dwellers. For each driver, we identified the types of policy adaptation tools that address it in the urban climate adaptation plans. The surveyed cities address most of the fundamental climate change-related drivers of risks to human health, including rising temperatures, flooding and drought, but the policy measures to reduce negative impacts vary across cities. We suggest recommendations for Med-cities in various aspects, depending on their local needs and vulnerability challenges: assessment of health risks, extreme events management and long-term adaptation, among others.

  2. Assessment and analysis of indices of urban sustainable development in small cities (case study of Soran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahram Irandegani

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available density and villagers migrate to the cities attention and emphasis was planning to strengthen and grow small towns. The study by researchers in different countries shows that small towns are one of the most successful examples of settlement in the area of sustainable development. Soran and the social and physical areas of urban sustainability indicators in urban areas is presented. The research method of this study is survey method and the data has been obtained from the questionnaire. The results of findings show that in terms of urban sustainability indices, the city of Soran has not a desirable situation in relation to the medium of urban system but it is in the same state in terms of more social, economic and physical indices in relation to urban system of country which it is noticeable clearly.

  3. Life in The Country And The City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李仕富; 伍章华

    2002-01-01

    City born and city bred, some people consider city life to be the life of the heaven, comparing it with the poverty, in their opinion, of the country. On the contrary, others are very tired of the city life and they are admiring to live in the peaceful country very much.

  4. Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Salmonella isolates in association with hygienic status from butcher shops in Gondar town, Ethiopia

    OpenAIRE

    Garedew, Legesse; Hagos, Zenabu; Addis, Zelalem; Tesfaye, Reta; Zegeye, Bidir

    2015-01-01

    Background Salmonella has been recognized as a major cause of food borne illness associated with meat products worldwide. The wide spread of antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella has been a serious global human and animal health problem. The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Salmonella isolates from butcher shops of Gondar town, Ethiopia. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted from February to June, 2013 in Gondar town. After re...

  5. Application of Geographic Information System and Remotesensing in effective solid waste disposal sites selection in Wukro town, Tigray, Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammedshum, A. A.; Gebresilassie, M. A.; Rulinda, C. M.; Kahsay, G. H.; Tesfay, M. S.

    2014-11-01

    Identifying solid waste disposal sites and appropriately managing them is a challenging task to many developing countries. This is a critical problem too in Ethiopia in general and in Wukro town in particular. The existing site for Wukro town is not sufficient in its capacity and it is damaging the environment due to its location, and the type of waste dumped, while the surrounding area is being irrigated. Due to the swift expansion and urbanization developments in Wukro town, it badly needs to develop controlled solid waste dumping site to prevent several contamination problems. This study was conducted first, to assess the existing waste management strategies in Wukro town; and second, to find out the potential waste disposal sites for the town, using GIS and Remote Sensing techniques. The study exploited the Multi-Criteria Evaluation (MCE) methods to combine necessary factors considered for dumping site selection. The selected method also uses various geographical data including remote sensing data, with GIS spatial analysis tools. Accordingly, site suitability maps for each of the factors were developed in a GIS environment. Results indicate that 12 dumping sites were appropriate and they were further ranked against their suitability in terms of wind direction, proximity to settlement area and distance from the center of the town. Finally, two sites are the best suitable for dumping site. This study indicated that the application of Geographic Information System and Remote Sensing techniques are efficient and low cost tools to study and select appropriate dumping site so as to facilitate decision making processes.

  6. Impact of soil and groundwater corrosion on the Hierakonpolis Temple Town archaeological site, Wadi Abu Sufian, Idfu, Egypt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Shishtawy, A M; Atwia, M G; El-Gohary, A; Parizek, R R

    2013-06-01

    Hierakonpolis, Greek for City of the Hawk, nearly 25 km NW of Idfu (Egypt), is an important and extensive archaeological discovery covering a large area. Its richness in archaeological artifacts makes it a valuable site. It has a valid claim to be the first nation state, as indicated by the Palette of Narmer discovered in its main mound. Geological and hydrogeological investigations at the Hierakonpolis Temple Town site documented nearly a 4.0-m water table rise from as early as 1892 to the present. In addition to the rising water levels, the increase of both subsoil water salinity and humidity threatens and damages fragile carvings and paintings within tombs in Kingdom Hill, the foundation stability of the site, and the known and still to be discovered artifact that recent pottery finds dates at least 4,000 BCE. Representative rock and soil samples obtained from drilled cores in the study area were chosen for conducting detailed grain size and X-ray analysis, light and heavy mineral occurrences, distribution of moisture and total organic matter, and scanning electron microscopy investigations. Mineralogical analysis of clays indicated that the soil samples are composed of smectite/illite mixed layers with varying proportions of smectite to illite. Kaolinite is the second dominant clay constituent, besides occasional chlorite. Swelling of the clay portion of the soil, due to the presence of capillary groundwater, in contact with buried mudbrick walls expands and causes severe damage to important exposed and buried mudbrick structures, including the massive ancient "fort" believed to date from the Second Dynasty (from 2,890 to 2,686 BC). The "fort" is 1.0 km south of the Temple Town mounds near to confluence of Wadi Abu Sufian. Groundwater samples from the shallow aquifer close by the intersection of Wadi Abu Sufian and the Nile flood plain were analyzed for chemical composition and stable isotope ratios. The groundwater in the upper zone (subsoil water) within fine

  7. Simulating the conversion of rural settlements to town land based on multi-agent systems and cellular automata.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yaolin; Kong, Xuesong; Liu, Yanfang; Chen, Yiyun

    2013-01-01

    Rapid urbanization in China has triggered the conversion of land from rural to urban use, particularly the conversion of rural settlements to town land. This conversion is the result of the joint effects of the geographic environment and agents involving the government, investors, and farmers. To understand the dynamic interaction dominated by agents and to predict the future landscape of town expansion, a small town land-planning model is proposed based on the integration of multi-agent systems (MAS) and cellular automata (CA). The MAS-CA model links the decision-making behaviors of agents with the neighbor effect of CA. The interaction rules are projected by analyzing the preference conflicts among agents. To better illustrate the effects of the geographic environment, neighborhood, and agent behavior, a comparative analysis between the CA and MAS-CA models in three different towns is presented, revealing interesting patterns in terms of quantity, spatial characteristics, and the coordinating process. The simulation of rural settlements conversion to town land through modeling agent decision and human-environment interaction is very useful for understanding the mechanisms of rural-urban land-use change in developing countries. This process can assist town planners in formulating appropriate development plans.

  8. research on Town Spatial reconstruction and urbanlization Strategy of County under the Influence of the Xiangjiaba reservoir Area:A Case Study of Pingshan County, Yibin City (Part 1)%向家坝库区影响下的县域城镇空间重构与城镇化策略研究*--以宜宾市屏山县为例(上)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈明坤; 魏成

    2014-01-01

    本文以向家坝库区建设为背景,以宜宾市屏山县为微观研究对象,探讨向家坝库区城镇迁建背景及影响下的县域城镇空间重构与城镇化发展策略。库区移民与城镇迁建对屏山县的社会经济、城镇发展与交通建设影响深远,致使屏山县发展环境发生了重大变化。在对新的县域城镇发展形势与区域发展态势判断的前提上,结合城镇化的动力机制分析,以屏山县城镇发展条件与自然及资源禀赋为基础,论文提出了新时期屏山县城镇化发展的“四大战略”(非均衡发展战略、城镇与园区一体化战略、生态休闲导向战略以及区域协作导向战略)和“三个差异化”城镇化策略与路径(集中城镇化、分散城镇化和异地城镇化),以塑造地域城镇化特色,加快县域城镇化发展进程。%Taking Pingshan County as a micro-analytic object, this paper discusses town spatial reconstitution of Country and the development strategy of urbanlization under the construction of Xiangjiaba Reservoir Area. The reservoir resettlement and town relocation play a key role in socio-economic conditions, town development and traffic construction, which results a major changes of development elements in Pingshan County. On the premise of analysis about County's town development strategy, regional development situation, town development condition and natural resources, combining the analysis of dynamic mechanism of Urbanization, The paper puts forward “Four strategic of urbanization development"(Ubalanced development strategy, Towns and parks integration strategy, Ecological leisure oriented strategy, Regional cooperation oriented strategy) and “Three differentiated urbanization strategy” (Centralized urbanization, Decentralized urbanization and Relocating urbanization) in a new period of Pingshan country. Those strategy and urbanization mode wil contribute to shape the geographical

  9. Infection, contagion, and public health in late medieval and early modern German imperial towns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinzelbach, Annemarie

    2006-07-01

    From today's point of view, the concepts of "miasma" and "contagion" appear to be two mutually exclusive perceptions of the spread of epidemic diseases, and quite a number of historians have tried to discuss the history of public health and epidemic diseases in terms of a progression from the miasmic to the contagionist concept. More detailed local studies, however, indicate how extremely misleading it may be to separate such medical concepts and ideas from their actual historical context. The article presented here, based on local studies in late medieval and early modern imperial towns in southern Germany, demonstrates to what extent the inhabitants of these towns had notions of both "miasma" and "contagion." Furthermore, a contextual analysis of language shows that they did not see a necessity to strictly distinguish between these different concepts relating to the spread of diseases. Tracing the meaning of "infection" and "contagion," we find that these terms were used in connection with various diseases, and that a change in the use of the expressions does not necessarily imply a change of the corresponding notion. Moreover, a coexistence of differing perceptions cannot--as some historians have suggested--be attributed to a divergence between the academic medicine and the popular ideas of that period. A survey of measures and actions in the public health sector indicates that a coexistence of--from our point of view--inconsistent concepts helped the authorities as well as the individuals to find means of defense and consolation during all those crises caused by epidemic diseases--crises that occurred very frequently in these towns during the late medieval and early modern periods. As the article demonstrates, the interaction during such crises reveals the continuity of ancient rituals and concepts as well as the adoption of new insights resulting from changes in the economical, political, scientific, religious, and social structures.

  10. Research on Town Spatial Reconstruction and Urbanlization Strategy of County under the Influence of the Xiangjiaba Reservoir Area:A Case Study of Pingshan County, Yibin City(Part 2)%向家坝库区影响下的县域城镇空间重构与城镇化策略研究*--以宜宾市屏山县为例(下)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈明坤; 魏成

    2014-01-01

    本文以向家坝库区建设为背景,以宜宾市屏山县为微观研究对象,探讨向家坝库区城镇迁建背景及影响下的县域城镇空间重构与城镇化发展策略。库区移民与城镇迁建对屏山县的社会经济、城镇发展与交通建设影响深远,致使屏山县发展环境发生了重大变化。在对新的县域城镇发展形势与区域发展态势判断的前提上,结合城镇化的动力机制分析,以屏山县城镇发展条件与自然及资源禀赋为基础,论文提出了新时期屏山县城镇化发展的“四大战略”(非均衡发展战略、城镇与园区一体化战略、生态休闲导向战略以及区域协作导向战略)和“三个差异化”城镇化策略与路径(集中城镇化、分散城镇化和异地城镇化),以塑造地域城镇化特色,加快县域城镇化发展进程。%Taking Pingshan County as a micro-analytic object, this paper discusses town spatial reconstitution of Country and the development strategy of urbanlization under the construction of Xiangjiaba Reservoir Area. The reservoir resettlement and town relocation play a key role in socio-economic conditions, town development and traffic construction, which results a major changes of development elements in Pingshan County. On the premise of analysis about County's town development strategy, regional development situation, town development condition and natural resources, combining the analysis of dynamic mechanism of Urbanization, The paper puts forward “Four strategic of urbanization development"(Ubalanced development strategy, Towns and parks integration strategy, Ecological leisure oriented strategy, Regional cooperation oriented strategy) and“ Three differentiated urbanization strategy” (Centralized urbanization, Decentralized urbanization and Relocating urbanization) in a new period of Pingshan country. Those strategy and urbanization mode will contribute to shape the geographical

  11. Marketing the Uniqueness of Small Towns. Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, Douglas; Hogg, David H.

    The key to marketing a town is determining and promoting the town's "differential advantage" or uniqueness that would make people want to visit or live there. Exercises to help communities gain important insights into the town's competitive edge include a brainstorming session with knowledgeable community members, a visitor questionnaire, a…

  12. Green city Banda Aceh: city planning approach and environmental aspects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arif, A. A.

    2017-02-01

    Banda Aceh as the capital of Aceh Province is the region with the tsunami disaster that occurred on December 26, 2004 the most severe of which over 60% of the city area were destroyed mainly coastal region and settlements. One product plan for rehabilitation and reconstruction of Banda Aceh is made of Banda Aceh as Green City. To realize the Green City Banda Aceh, urban development process should be conducted in a planned and integrated way with attention to spatial and environmental aspects to ensure an efficient urban management and to create a healthy, beautiful and comfortable environment. There is a weakness of the process in urban planning and development that occurred at present where cities tend to minimize the development of green open space and land conversion into a commercial district, residential areas, industrial areas, transport networks and infrastructure and facilities for other cities. Another tendency that occurs is urban environment only developed economically but not ecologically, whereas ecological balance is as important as the development of the economic value of urban areas. Such conditions have caused unbalance of urban ecosystems including increased air temperature, air pollution, declining water table, flooding, salt water intrusion and increased content of heavy metals in the soil. From an ecological perspective, unfavorable microclimate, high-temperature increase due to the lack of trees as a sieve / filter against heavy rain, can cause flooding. These conditions result in inconvienient, arid and less beautiful urban areas. The author identifies the elements contained in the Green City Banda Aceh and how the efforts and approaches must be made toward Green City Banda Aceh.

  13. Scaling-up Strategy as an Appropriate Approach for Sustainable New Town Development? Lessons from Wujin, Changzhou, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao Chen

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available China has achieved rapid urbanization and unprecedented economic booming over the past three decades. Numerous cities and towns dreamed of cloning the miracles of Shenzhen and Pudong, Shanghai, in terms of their international development. However, inappropriate development strategies have meant that the majority of fast expanding urban suburbs or newly developed towns suffer a high ratio of vacant dwellings in real estate markets and a massive loss of farmland. The frequent exposure of these empty cities to mass media or the public has urged urban governments to impose fiscal austerity. These unexpected and negative consequences of urban development have explicit conflicts with sustainability. This paper aims to provide a political economy view of these unsustainable outcomes of new development. To achieve this, the processes and agendas of new city or town planning in Wujin District, Changzhou City, are analyzed and evaluated from the perspective of scale theory. Extensive interviews conducted with local politicians at different levels, planners, real estate agents and local residents facilitate the interpretation of these processes and agendas. It is argued that the legends of Shenzhen and Pudong, Shanghai originate from a modified neoliberal capitalism intervention at the right time and place, with which other peer cities are not comparable. It is concluded that the scaling-up strategy is not appropriate for the local new town development of Wujin, which has led to unsustainable outcomes—empty cities and towns—and created important lessons for the sustainable development of Chinese cities.

  14. From city marketing to city branding: An interdisciplinary analysis with reference to Amsterdam, Budapest and Athens

    OpenAIRE

    Kavaratzis, M.

    2008-01-01

    This thesis deals with the theory and practice of city marketing. It describes the transition from city marketing to city branding by identifying the roots of city marketing in general marketing theory, by adapting the concept of corporate-level marketing for the needs of cities and by analysing in depth the components and processes involved in city branding. The thesis contends that city branding, if understood well and applied properly, is a powerful tool at the disposal of contemporary cit...

  15. Thallium and arsenic poisoning in a small midwestern town.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusyniak, Daniel E; Furbee, R Brent; Kirk, Mark A

    2002-03-01

    Thallium and arsenic have been used as a means of criminal poisoning. Although both manifest characteristically with peripheral neuropathies, thallium is associated with alopecia and arsenic with gastrointestinal symptoms. We describe the symptoms, physical findings, diagnostic test results, and outcomes in a group of men poisoned with thallium and arsenic. Seven patients had evidence of elevated thallium levels, and 2 patients had elevated arsenic and thallium levels. The most commonly reported symptoms included myalgias, arthralgias, paresthesias, and dysesthesias. Five patients developed alopecia. All patients with symptoms and peripheral neuropathies had characteristic blackening of their hair roots. Initially treated with dimercaptosuccinic acid, patients were switched to multiple-dose activated charcoal after testing revealed thallium poisoning. By 6 months, all patients' symptoms and peripheral neuropathies improved, but 5 patients had ongoing psychiatric problems. Thallium remains a means of criminal poisoning and should be considered in any patient with a rapidly progressing peripheral neuropathy with or without alopecia.

  16. Anthropogenic sinkholes in the town of Naples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vennari, Carmela; Parise, Mario

    2016-04-01

    The importance of sinkhole as a natural hazard is often underrated when compared with landslides, floods, volcanic eruptions and earthquakes in Italy. Sinkholes are rarely included in risk analysis despite their frequent occurrence in several parts of Italy, especially in karst lands or in those sectors of the country where artificial cavities have been realized underground by man for different purposes. Among the most affected Italian regions, Campania (southern Italy) stands out for several reasons, with particular regard to the town of Naples, highly affected by anthropogenic sinkholes. These latter have caused serious damage to society, and above all to people in terms of deaths, missing persons, and injured people, due to the high urbanization of the city, developed above a complex and extensive network of cavities, excavated during the 2000 years of history of the town. Among the different typologies of artificial cavities, it is worth mentioning the high number of ancient quarry used to extract the building materials for the town construction. The Institute of Research for the Hydrological Protection (IRPI) of the National Research Council of Italy (CNR) has been working in the last years at populating a specific chronological database on sinkholes in the whole Italian country. On the base of the collected data, Naples appears to have been affected by not less than 250 events from the beginning of the century to nowadays. The IRPI database includes only sinkholes for which a temporal reference on their time of occurrence is known. Particular attention was given on this information, since the catalogue idea is to make a starting point for a complete sinkhole hazard analysis. At this aim, knowledge of the time of occurrence is mandatory. Day, month and year of the event are known for about 70% of sinkholes that took place in Naples, but the hour of occurrence is known for just 6% of the data. Information about site of occurrence are, on the other hand, highly

  17. Luxury and Gender in European Towns, 1700-1914

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    of gendered identities and the transmission of ideas across local, national and transnational boundaries. This book draws on research undertaken within a pan-European network of historians from twelve countries whose interests lie in examining the ways that the European urban experience was gendered over time...... and across borders. This book will mirror some of the concerns of the network and will focus on the operation of gender in three distinct, but interrelated, areas of urban study: the economic, the political and the spatial. The three central themes speak directly to newer ideas of exploring the dynamics...... of culture – both as definition and as practice. Importantly, ‘political culture’ does not mean politics as it is usually defined, but refers to power and influence. Thus, how power was legitimated and understood was important in creating a space for women and for gendered political culture, which...

  18. Interconnection of open and closed public spaces in historic city centers in Russia

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    The theme is dedicated to the problem of urban heritage preservation in the era of globalization with the rapid growth of large cities and megalopolises. The object of research is the Old Town designed in the period of urban and politics reforms of Russian Imperial age. Only in the last 100 years, the territory of modern Russia has undergone numerous reforms and political turmoil. During the research there were studied Moscow as the capital of Russia and some other Russian cities with their h...

  19. Anomie in the metropolis: the city of American sociology and psychiatry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pols, Hans

    2003-01-01

    American sociologists and psychiatrists have often characterized cities as sites of social disintegration conducive to insanity. Small-town rural life, by contrast, has been presented as ideally suited for fostering mental health. Early research in psychiatric epidemiology confirmed these views. After World War II, psychiatrists and sociologists collaborated in influential research projects on mental illness in the community. Although these studies were guided by theories of social stratification, which ignores location, cities remained problematic for psychiatrists because they contained high concentrations of poverty and social problems and, consequently, mental health problems.

  20. In-town dispersion calculations with RIMPUFF and UDM

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astrup, P.; Thykier-Nielsen, Søren; Mikkelsen, Torben

    2005-01-01

    and in depositions obtained with a code designed for dispersion of a release from a nuclear power plant, typically situated at a distance from densely inhabited areas, and a code specifically designed forpredicting dispersion from sources inside urban areas. The codes applied are the RIMPUFF code, RIsø Mesoscale...

  1. Alexandre Chemetoff: Visits; town and territory - architecture in dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Braae, Ellen Marie

    2010-01-01

    The launch of Visits could hardly have been better timed. The financial crisis and the slowing down of a long developer-driven building boom create the best imaginable backdrop for a grounded and reflexive practice regarding the transformation of the urban landscape as exemplified by Chemetoff. He...

  2. New in Town: Gay Immigrants and Geosocial Dating Apps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shield, Andrew DJ

    2017-01-01

    relates to the ways users form offline social networks through these media; in this regard, gay dating platforms can be viewed as ‘social media’ not unlike mainstream social networking sites. The second research ques- tion relates to discussions of race and exclusion online; with regard to the ways some...

  3. Painting the Town Red? Wal-Mart and Values

    OpenAIRE

    Carden, Art; Courtemanche, Charles; Meiners, Jeremy

    2008-01-01

    This essay explores the relationship between commerce and culture in the context of the recent debate over the social effect of Wal-Mart. In spite of much public debate, little is known about how Wal-Mart affects values. Using data collected from multiple sources, we show there is little evidence that Wal-Mart makes communities more conservative or more progressive.

  4. Rationality District Policy Proliferation and Villages in Town Bandar Lampung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novita Tresiana

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study is based on the premise that regional growth is a product of public policy, as the government attempts to solve public problems. Within the framework of rationality, then the expansion policy should be the result of rational choice, including the selection of alternatives for the achievement of objectives, contain a fundamental value and appropriate to achieve the end result (outcome is desired. The purpose of this paper is: to describe the process of policy-making division and rationality that are used to describe the actors in the division policy. The method used is qualitative. This paper raised the research findings that the process of defining the division policy, not the solutif effort the problem for substantive society and rationality that are used in the determination of policy, dominated model of rationality dustbin, as a structural response to the interests of elite (political, transactional, not a system response (legislative and executive to address the factual issues relating to the welfare of society.

  5. Similarities of School Shootings in Rural and Small Town Communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kidd, Scott T.; Meyer, Cheryl L.

    2002-01-01

    A study examined characteristics common among young offenders from rural communities who were involved in multiple-fatality school shootings. Data on six cases involving eight offenders revealed six common offender characteristics: verbal threats, peer rejection, interest in violent media, previous violent behavior, suicidal ideation, and violent…

  6. Freshwater habitats in Plovdiv town and its surroundings and their importance for the biodiversity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DILYAN GEORGIEV

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The current synopsis reviews the types of aquatic habitats, that are located in the city of Plovdiv and analyses their importance for the biodiversity. Studies of the biodiversity in urban landscapes are of particular importance because they are still scarce. Several plant and animal groups are studied in the city of Plovdiv – mosses, mollusks, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Their distribution among habitats is presented, as well as specific threats and conservation problems.

  7. Blood discard rate and the prevalence of infectious and contagious diseases in blood donors from provincial towns of the state of Parana, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sueli Donizete Borelli

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: So that an improvement in the selection of donors can be achieved and the risk to the recipient of transfused blood can be reduced, prospective donors are submitted to clinical and serological screening. Objective: This study investigated the blood discard rate and the rate of infectious and contagious diseases in blood donors from provincial towns of the state of Paraná, Brazil. Methods: This study was an exploratory cross-sectional descriptive investigation with a quantitative approach of donations between January and December 2011. Results: In the study period the Regional Blood center in Maringá, Brazil received 8337 blood donations from people living in the city and neighboring towns. However, 278 (3.33% donations were discarded during serological screening owing to one or more positive serological markers. A total of 46.4% of the discarded blood units were confirmed positive by serology with anti-HBc being the most common (66.7%, followed by syphilis (22.5%, HBsAg (4.7%, anti-hepatitis C virus (3.1%, human immunodeficiency virus (1.5% and Chagas' disease (1.5%. The rate of infectious-contagious diseases that can be transmitted by blood transfusions was 1.55% (129/8337 of the donor population with a frequency of 1.03% for anti-HBc and 0.35% for syphilis. Conclusion: This study demonstrates a high prevalence of the anti-HBc marker in prospective blood donors from provincial towns in the state of Paraná, Brazil.

  8. Incoherent control of electromagnetically induced transparency and Aulter-Townes splitting

    CERN Document Server

    Zou, Chang-Ling; Jiang, Liang; Zou, Xu-Bo; Guo, Guang-Can

    2014-01-01

    The absorption and dispersion of probe light is studied in an unified framework of three-level system, with coherent laser driving and incoherent pumping and relaxation. The electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) and Autler-Townes splitting (ATS) are studied in details. In the phase diagram of the unified three-level system, there are distinct parameter regimes corresponding to different lineshapes and mechanisms, and the incoherent transition could control the cross-over between EIT and ATS. The incoherent control of the three-level system enables the investigation of various phenomena in quantum optics, and is beneficial for experiments of light-matter interactions.

  9. PLANNING STRUCTURE ANALYSIS OF SMALL TOWNS IN IRAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Kashiripoor

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Planning structure of cities plays an important role in shaping their sustainable development while elaborating urban planning documentation (master plans and detailed plan projects. The existing studies of small towns in Iran reveal issues of architectural heritage and do not touch upon such peculiar features of small town planning as shape of their plan, network of streets, their configuration. It has not been established how a planning structure of a small city influences on its sustainable development.An inspection of 16 small towns of Iran has shown that the majority of the cities have a compact planning form which is due to flat relief, as well as the need for efficient use of valuable agricultural land. At the same time the paper demonstrates that territory development for building construction within city boundaries has unequal character. It has been determined that cities have very few green areas. Undeveloped wastelands owned by private individuals are often located close to densely developed areas. Such situation is due to specific features of the Iranian legislation that does not specify time terms for territory development. Parameters of urban road-street networks (width in red lines, presence of such transverse profile elements as landscaping along roadways do not correspond to the existing recommendations in Iran. Mixed or free system of streets is considered as the most common one and it is due to changes in urban conditions during the long process of development. Frequent network of narrow streets forms a system of small blocks of various shapes and needs to be improved. The majority of the inspected cities do not have bypass roads for freight transport, and there is also a transit transport through their historic centers.

  10. For the Smarter Good of Cities? On Cities, Complexity and Slippages in the Smart City Discourse’

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steiner, Henriette; Veel, Kristin Eva Albrechtsen

    2013-01-01

    Summary: Cities for Smart Environmental and Energy Futures presents works written by eminent international experts from a variety of disciplines including architecture, engineering and related fields. Due to the ever-increasing focus on sustainable technologies, alternative energy sources......, and global social and urban issues, interest in the energy systems for cities of the future has grown in a wealth of disciplines. Some of the special features of this book include new findings on the city of the future from the macro to the micro level. These range from urban sustainability to indoor...... urbanism, and from strategies for cities and global climate change to material properties. The book is intended for graduate students and researchers active in architecture, engineering, the social and computational sciences, building physics and related fields....

  11. The Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) Town Hall

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruane, Alex; Rosenzweig, Cynthia; Kyle, Page; Basso, Bruno; Winter, Jonathan; Asseng, Senthold

    2015-01-01

    AgMIP (www.agmip.org) is an international community of climate, crop, livestock, economics, and IT experts working to further the development and application of multi-model, multi-scale, multi-disciplinary agricultural models that can inform policy and decision makers around the world. This meeting will engage the AGU community by providing a brief overview of AgMIP, in particular its new plans for a Coordinated Global and Regional Assessment of climate change impacts on agriculture and food security for AR6. This Town Hall will help identify opportunities for participants to become involved in AgMIP and its 30+ activities.

  12. Towards playful and playable cities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijholt, Anton; Nijholt, Anton

    2017-01-01

    Smart cities have inspired the introduction of various viewpoints, usually concerning the introduction of digital technology by governance bodies and its use by service providers and other economic stakeholders to allow a more efficient use of resources, transportation infrastructure, and an increas

  13. Distribution and contamination assessment of heavy metals in water and soils from the College town in the Pearl river delta, China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xiao, Rong; Bai, Junhong; Gao, Haifeng; Wang, Junjing; Huang, Laibin; Liu, Peipei [State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing (China)

    2012-10-15

    The accumulation of heavy metals such as Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Cr, and Ni in water and soils in a new-built college town was investigated to demonstrate the effects of city construction on wetland ecosystem. Three sampling sites were chosen in wetland park (A), constructed wetland (B), and construction site (C), respectively. The results showed that the construction site C presented the highest accumulation levels of all six studied metals along soil profiles and hence had the highest eco-toxicity to environment. Sites A and B showed similar accumulation levels, whereas their concentrations were significantly lower than those at site C though seriously high Cd were also found in soils from both sites A and B and dangerous concentration of Pb in water was observed at site A based on several standards or background concentration values. However, when compared with other regions in Pearl River Delta, this college town could be counted as ''clean Island'' which may be benefit from its isolate location away from urban center and the effective management to avoid pollution. (Copyright copyright 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  14. An empirical investigation to use solar–geothermal hybrid energy system for small towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Orougi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available During the past few years, there has been increasing interest to find a replacement for gas consumption in Iranian small towns and cities. The government believes delivering cheap gas to small towns is not economical and can be replaced with recent technological solar–geothermal hybrid energy system. In this paper, we present an empirical study to calculate internal rate of return (IRR for a small town located near the city of Qom, Iran. We consider three scenarios of population, namely 1000, 1500 and 2000 households and various rates for gas price from 7 to 40 cents. The results show that a gas distribution unit yields 2% to 20% in terms of return. This brings us to conclude that gas distribution for small towns far from major cities is not economically justified for government. Therefore, we need to use alternative methods such as solar–geothermal hybrid energy system. We use TOPSIS method, as a multi criteria decision making approach, to prioritize ten small towns in Qom province and the results are analyzed.

  15. DAGESTAN(SKIYE OGNI TOWN: A STORY IN THE MAKING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magomed-Ganipa Gamidovich Magomedov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Taking for the grounds a review of archive records the paper considered the town Dagestanskiye Ogni (Dagestani Lights that emerged from scratch at the contemporary stage of the country’ history, starting from a small industrial community settlement. The author has shown development of industrial enterprises, apartment houses and the whole infrastructure of the city under the guidance of government authorities. The fact that 100 years ago gas deposits were discovered at this place had contributed to the making of cities that gave impetus to construction of a glass-manufacturing plant. It was established by the Russian brethren entrepreneurs, the Malyshev, and further people from various regions of the country came to this place. The town Dagestanskiye Ogni was incorporated as a metropolitan area in 1991, at the time of the collapse of the great country, as everybody knows. The paper also specified the part taken by the public authorities in solving the issues at the town of Dagestanskiye Ogni, both weak points and errors committed by the local authorities in solving economic and social challenges of the nascent city.

  16. Sustainability and Cities as Systems of Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnson, Bjørn; Lehmann, Martin

    Cities often constitute relevant environments for interactive learning and innovation potentially capable of tackling sustainability problems. In this paper we ask if the concept of systems of innovation can increase our understanding of city dynamics and help promoting the sustainable development...... of cities. Through a combination of the innovation system approach and the perspective of creative cities, we argue that a slightly modified concept – sustainable city systems of innovation – may be helpful in this context. To underline this, we discuss certain ‘city-traits’ of sustainability and conclude...... that the new concept may be of special use for urban quality development and management....

  17. A City Classical and Contemporary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUJIE; WANGNAN

    2003-01-01

    XIANYANG City, covering an area of 10,000 square kilometers, and with a population of 4.8 million, is just 25 kilometers from Xi'an, capital of Shaanxi Province. Known as No.1 Capital of ancient China,Xianyang is the site of nine Han Dynasty and nine Tang Dynasty emperors' tombs.

  18. Youth and the City Streets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Husby, Lynn; Brendtro, Larry

    1992-01-01

    This "Voices of Pioneers" section of the journal highlights the work of Jane Addams, who founded the settlement house movement in America with the establishment of Hull House in Chicago in 1899. Presents excerpts from Addams' book "The Spirit of Youth and the City Streets (1909)" to illustrate her views on guns, stealing, rebellion, and drugs. (NB)

  19. City and Nature In Harmony

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Xi’an,the capital city of Shaanxi Province in northwest China,is now the host of the 41st International Horticultural Exposition(IHE).China was selected the third time to host the IHE,following the 1999 Expo in Kunming and the 2006 ExpoinShenyang.Launched on April 28,the 2011 Expo lasts 178 days,and

  20. A Comparative Study of Prichard’s Coonardoo and Shen Congwen’s The Border Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张春燕

    2016-01-01

    Australian writer Prichard’s Coonardoo(1929) is a representative of the idea of feeling at home with nature in Austra-lia and accepting nature as it is. Similarly,Chinese writer Shen Congwen’s novella The Border Town (1934) also conveys the au-thor’s tender feelings toward rural life in his homeland in west Hunan Province. This paper compares the Australian white man’s new ideas of nature, which was demonstrated through the acceptance of Aborigines’perception of nature, and through questioning white man’s idea of civilization and progress,with the traditional Chinese concept of“return to Mother Nature”.

  1. Wasted cities in urbanizing China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    He, Guizhen; Mol, A.P.J.; Lu, Yonglong

    2016-01-01

    Urbanization is a characteristic of the 21st century, especially in countries with developing economies and a large amount of rural-to-urban migration. In China, the emergence of "wasted cities and towns" has paralleled urban expansion; large newly built areas that remain unpopulated and have cre

  2. From city marketing to city branding : An interdisciplinary analysis with reference to Amsterdam, Budapest and Athens

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kavaratzis, Mihalis

    2008-01-01

    This thesis deals with the theory and practice of city marketing. It describes the transition from city marketing to city branding by identifying the roots of city marketing in general marketing theory, by adapting the concept of corporate-level marketing for the needs of cities and by analysing in

  3. Provincial States and Bonaerense Town Councils, a troubled relation during the first Peronism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Marcilese

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyze the relationship remained the state with the provincial towns of Buenos Aires during the first years of Peronism, which was introduced as a particular feature of progressive intervention of the provincial government on communal administrations. This trend helped the formation of a centralized state that was characterized, among other things, limit the autonomy of municipal governments. Also this method was accompanied by a devaluation of the growing political role of the mayors, to benefit other areas of the state apparatus and the party itself, and its conversion into a single functionary.

  4. Shrinking Cities and Path Dependency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mulder, A.

    2013-01-01

    When cities started shrinking, governments felt they had to do something. Where the main reason for shrinking was the closing down of traditional industry, economic policies were the first to be introduced: first by subsidising and reorganising existing companies, later by trying to create a more di

  5. 云县茂兰镇小城镇规划建设可持续发展战略的模式探索%Sustainable Development Strategy Mode Exploration of the Small Town Planning and Construction in Yunxian Maolan Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭琼

    2013-01-01

    可持续科学发展的城乡一体化规划建设是现今小城镇规划建设的主要战略目标。茂兰镇小城镇规划建设一期相对滞后,二期规划建设取得可喜的成绩,三期正在进行新区开发规划和总体规划修编工作。茂兰镇小城镇规划建设应立足于结合一期、二期规划建设实际,高起点创新式开展好三期合理利用现状河道、路、桥组织景观,使其达到文明古镇人文环境、卫生环境与现代小城镇规划建设和谐可持续发展模式要求之路。%The urban-rural integration planning and construct-ion of sustainable scientific development is now the main stra-tegic goal for the planning and construction of smal towns. The Phase I Maolan town planning and construction is relativ-ely backward, the Phase II planning and construction made gr-atifying achievements, and the Phase III is making the new city development planning and the overall planning revision work. Planning and construction of Maolan smal towns should be based on the combination of the first phase and second period of planning, construction and practice, making reasonable util-ization channel, road, bridge landscape organization of the th-ird phase in high starting point of innovation, to get modern smal town planning and construction of harmonious sustaina-ble development model with Civilized ancient cultural enviro-nment and health environment.

  6. Research on sludge treatment and handle in urban and town wastewater treatment plants in Shanxi%对山西省城镇污水厂污泥处理处置的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝晨光

    2011-01-01

    介绍了山西省城镇污水处理及污泥产生情况,归纳了国内外城镇污水厂污泥处理处置方式,并较为详细地论述了污泥处理处置的主要技术,进而初步确定了山西省污泥处理处置发展技术路线。%The paper introduces the sewage treatment and sludge formation in cities and towns in Shanxi,sums up the sludge treatment and handle ways in urban and town wastewater treatment plants at home and abroad,indicates the main technique of the sludge treatment and handle,and identifies the development technique line of the sludge treatment and handle in Shanxi.

  7. Healthcare experiences of lesbian and bisexual women in Cape Town, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Riley

    2015-01-01

    Understanding the health needs and experiences of South African lesbian and bisexual women is imperative for implementing effective and inclusive public health strategies. Such understanding, however, is limited due to the exclusion of these women from most existing research on healthcare access in the region. This paper bridges that gap by investigating the healthcare experiences of lesbian and bisexual women in Cape Town. Data were gathered from 22 interviews with self-identified lesbian and bisexual community members and university students in the Cape Town area. Interviews explored obstacles women face in accessing affirming services, different experiences with public and private healthcare, fear of stigma/discrimination, availability of relevant sexual health information and suggestions to improve existing programmes. Findings suggest that South African lesbians and bisexual women may have a range of both positive and negative experiences in public and private health services, that they use protective strategies when 'coming out' and that they find that sexual health information pertinent to them is largely unavailable. These discussions contribute to a more inclusive understanding of the experiences of lesbian and bisexual women accessing healthcare and other services and help to inform providers, thereby enabling them to deliver more meaningful care to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender persons in South Africa.

  8. Performing rap ciphas in late-modern Cape Town: extreme locality and multilingual citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Williams, Quentin E.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The study of hip-hop in Cape Town, and indeed South Africa, has traditionally focused on the narratives and poetics of resistance, race and counter-hegemonic agency in the context of apartheid and the early days of post-apartheid. Despite this attention, hip-hop cipha performances remain relatively under-researched. The aim of this paper is to suggest that cipha performances display linguistic and discursive features that not only are of particular interest to rap music and hip-hop on the Cape Flats of Cape Town specifically, but that also engage core issues around multilingualism, agency and voice more generally. It demonstrates how in the process of entextualization a sense of locality, extreme locality, emerges in cipha performances by means of verbal cueing, representing place, expressing disrespect (dissing, and the (deictic reference to local coordinates that is achieved by transposing or recontextualizing transidiomatic phrases, and by incorporating local proxemics and audience reactions through commentary and response. It concludes by suggestingthat competition around acceptable linguistic forms and framings (metalinguistic disputes of extreme locality comprise the very micro-processes behind the formation of new registers. At the same time, these registers create the semiotic space for the exercise of agency and voice through multilingual practices, that is, multilingual citizenship.

  9. Bus rapid transit (BRT) and transitoriented development (TOD) : How to transform and adjust the Swedish cities for attractive bus systems like BRT? What demands BRT?

    OpenAIRE

    Stojanovski, Todor

    2013-01-01

    Bus rapid transit (BRT) is an innovative bus system with sophisticated vehicles and inflexible busways integrated in the cities, high capacity and high quality, high speed and frequency, distinctive image and comfort. Many in Sweden believe that is impossible to introduce BRT, even though the Swedish towns and cities can benefit from the image, speed and frequency that BRT symbolizes. The archipelago-like urbanization, urban sprawl and the uncompetitive journey times of public transportation ...

  10. 苏中地区专业镇城乡规划一体化研究——以东台市溱东镇为例%Study on Urban -rural Integrated Planning of Specialized Towns in Central Jiangsu——Taking Example for Qindong Town of Dongtai City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨瑞华; 隋玉亭

    2011-01-01

    The existing problems in the current planning system were analyzed by taking the urban - rural integrated development of Qindong stainless steel specialized town in the central area of Jiangsu province as a case, and the urban - rural integrated development paths of specialized towns were put forward from the following 5 aspects; overall consideration of urban and rural spatial layout, urban and rural industrial development, rural and urban infrastructure construction, rural and urban public service, and rural and urban ecological environment. The author pointed out the developmental direction of urban - rural integrated planning of specialized towns.%以苏中地区溱东不锈钢专业镇城乡一体化发展为例,分析了现行规划体系中存在的问题,提出了专业镇城乡一体化发展路径为统筹城乡空间布局、城乡产业发展、城乡基础设施建设、城乡公共服务、城乡生态环境5个方面,为专业镇的城乡规划一体化指明了发展方向.

  11. Detection and Solution of Indoor Air Quality Problems in a Danish Town Hall

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hyldgård, Carl-Erik; Brohus, Henrik

    In connection with the research programme "Healthy Buildings", a building with indoor air quality problems was selected for further investigations. A Danish town hall was chosen because of many complaints over several years. A full-scale mock-up of a typical town hall office was built in the clim......In connection with the research programme "Healthy Buildings", a building with indoor air quality problems was selected for further investigations. A Danish town hall was chosen because of many complaints over several years. A full-scale mock-up of a typical town hall office was built...

  12. Compatibility, adaptability and use of different types of ground floor houses in 19th century town planning: Case study Subotica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aladžić Viktorija

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A lack of knowledge of the history of architecture and town planning in the 19th century resulted in underrated regard towards this historic period and consequently in a devastation of urban and architectural heritage of the 19th century. This research was intended to clarify some segments of the history of architecture and town planning in the 19th century based on the example of Subotica. Research has shown that the basic types of ground floor houses built during the 19th century in Subotica were mutually compatible and that by a simple addition of rooms on the simple base house, more complex base houses could be built. In the same way rural houses could also be transformed into urban ones. This pattern allowed for utmost rationality of the construction of individual houses as well as of the whole town. The town, due to the application of compatible house plans, reflected a semblance of order which improved year on year, because every house at any given moment represented a finished structure. Simple attachment of building parts also allowed the houses that were located in the middle of the lot to be elongated to the street regulation line. Compatible house plans, as an auxiliary means, facilitated the application of building rules, the realization of regulation plans and provided continuous development of the town of Subotica in the period of over 150 years.

  13. 以信息化的规划建设城市信息化——记增城市村镇信息化平台建设%Constructing Urban Informatization Based on Informatization Planning -The construction of town- village informatization platform for Zengcheng city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈振宇; 何伟豪; 黄悦

    2011-01-01

    在广电网光纤基础上构建从规划局辐射至增城市1行政中心3街6镇的Vpn网络,同时搭载增城市规划管理信息系统,提高城市建设、管理及服务部门的管理水平和政府科学决策能力.%The project built the Vpn network from planning bureau to 1 administrative center,3 streets,and 6 towns of Zengcheng city based on Fiber Optics for Radio and TV Network. The Zengcheng planning management information system is the practical and technical system for urban planning,management and decision making,which can improve the management level and governmental scientific decision - making capability for urban planning,management,and services department.

  14. Patrick Abercrombie and the Post-war Town Planning in Hong Kong%艾伯克隆比与香港战后城市规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李百浩; 邹涵

    2012-01-01

    in Hong Kong. By analyzing the influences and contributions of this Report to town planning in Hong Kong, and by exploring the evolvement of modern town planning theories and system in Hong Kong, this article sheds light on modern urban development histories of Hong Kong as well as provides a reference for strategic planning in mainland cities.

  15. Rethinking Ostia : a spatial enquiry into the urban society of Rome's imperial port-town

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stöger, Johanna

    2011-01-01

    Rethinking Ostia presents an archaeological and spatial approach to Roman urbanism, focused on Rome’s port city. The study proceeds along the route of a ‘spatial investigation’, offering a fresh look and detailed insights into the past society and the built environment of this port town. Following a

  16. Analysis on the environmental problems accompanying the high-speed urbanization of small towns in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The environmental problems accompanying the rapid urbanization of many small towns like Keqiao, SHaoxing County, and their countermeasures are presented. To settle these problems rationally as well as effectively will not only conduce to boost the environmental quality and life quality of cities, but also help to promote the development of regional economy and the realization of sustainable development.

  17. Parasitic Contamination of Fruits and Vegetables Collected from Selected Local Markets of Jimma Town, Southwest Ethiopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tefera, Tamirat; Biruksew, Abdissa; Mekonnen, Zeleke; Eshetu, Teferi

    2014-01-01

    Background. A study aimed at determining the prevalence and predictors of parasitic contamination of fruits and vegetables collected from local markets in Jimma Town, Ethiopia, was conducted between April and May 2013. Methods. A total of 360 samples of fruits and vegetables were examined by sedimentation concentration after washing using normal saline. Results. The overall prevalence of parasitic contamination was 57.8%. Strongyloides like parasite (21.9%) was the most frequent parasitic contaminant followed by Toxocara Spp (14.7%), Cryptosporidium Spp (12.8%), H. nana (8.3%), G. lamblia (7.5%), A. lumbricoides (6.7%), E. histolytica/dispar (5.3%), Cyclospora spp (5.0%), and H. diminuta (1.4%). Washing of the fruits and vegetables before display for selling was significantly associated with decreased parasitic contamination (P vegetables are potential sources of transmission for intestinal parasites in the study area, consumers should always avoid acquiring parasitic infection from contaminated fruits and vegetables supplied in Jimma Town through proper cleaning and cooking.

  18. The prevalence of schistosomiasis in Nandashan town, Yuanjiang City, Hunan Province%湖南省沅江市南大膳镇血吸虫病病情状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向世杰; 向宇; 陈明雄; 郭劲霞; 邹自征; 丁葵; 刘胜华

    2010-01-01

    目的 了解洞庭湖区血吸虫病的患病状况,为制定血吸虫病的防控措施提供依据. 方法 采取现场调查和历史回顾的方法对沅江市南大膳镇1996年至2008年12年间的血吸虫病患病情况进行调查. 结果 调查显示该镇12年来,血吸虫病患病率在4.43%~12.14%之间,呈逐年降低趋势.病型以慢性患者最多,占90%以上,晚期患者次之,急性最少.年龄分布以20岁以下年龄组极少,20~60岁随年龄增加患病率增加,≥60岁以上组较少.患者职业主要以农民为主,占患者总数的98%以上.感染方式主要以下水捕鱼和砍柴为主,其他方式较少. 结论 血吸虫病病情状况呈逐年下降趋势.%Objective To investigate the situation of schistosomiasis in Dongting Lake region so as to provide scientific evidence for decision-making the measures for control and prevention of schistosomiasis. Methods Information about schistosomiasis infection of Nandashan town, Yuanjiang City, from 1996 to 2008, was collected by field investigation and historical review. Results The investigation indicated that the mor-bility was between 4.43% -12.14% with a trend of decreasing annually during last 12 years. The rates of different disease types from high to low were chronic schistosomiasis as the most (90% ) , followed by advanced schistosomiasis and acute schistosomiasis as the least. The infection rate was increasing with tha age in the age group 20-60, while few patients were under 20 years old and above 60 years old. Among those cases, farmers accounted for 98% as the main susceptible population. The main infection routes were fishing and chopping wood. Conclusion As a whole, there was a decreasing tendency of schistosomiasis infection year by year.

  19. ApoE polymorphisms and diarrheal outcomes in Brazilian shanty town children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.B. Oriá

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available A series of studies have shown that the heavy burdens of diarrheal diseases in the first 2 formative years of life in children living in urban shanty towns have negative effects on physical and cognitive development lasting into later childhood. We have shown that APOE4 is relatively common in shanty town children living in Brazil (13.4% and suggest that APOE4 has a protective role in cognitive development as well as weight-for-height in children with heavy burdens of diarrhea in early childhood (64/123; 52%, despite being a marker for cognitive decline with Alzheimer’s and cardiovascular diseases later in life. APOE2 frequency was higher among children with heaviest diarrhea burdens during the first 2 years of life, as detected by PCR using the restriction fragment length polymorphism method, raising the possibility that ApoE-cholesterol balance might be critical for growth and cognitive development under the stress of heavy diarrhea burdens and when an enriched fat diet is insufficient. These findings provide a potential explanation for the survival advantage in evolution of genes, which might raise cholesterol levels during heavy stress of diarrhea burdens and malnutrition early in life.

  20. [History Of forensic medicine and the coroner system in the town of Bjelovar].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habek, Dubravko

    2013-09-01

    This review analyses historical sources on the development of forensic medicine and the coroner system in the town of Bjelovar over the past two centuries. The development of these two professional fields in the context of public health was regulated through a number of bylaws, such as Normativum Sanitatum from the time of the Habsburg Monarchy. Coroner examinations were performed by physicians, surgeons, and laymen using special instructions such as the famous booklet by nobleman and county medical officer Vilim Peičić from 1914. Forensic autopsy was performed by surgeons, primary or secondary hospital physicians in case of sudden or suspicious in-hospital deaths, whereas outpatient forensic autopsies were performed by county or town medical officers and district physicians at the request of investigating authorities (police, court, or general attorney's office). This historical review should serve as the basis for further historical research into this field in Croatia so as to obtain deeper insight into the development of forensic medicine and the coroner system, two professions that have always been a vital factor in public health.

  1. Architecture and Stages of the Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book presents more than 41 articles on ‘Architecture and Stages of the Experience City'. The aim of the book is to investigate current challenges related to architecture, art and city life in the ‘Experience City' and it is presenting cutting edge knowledge and experiences within the following...

  2. Development Path of Different County-Level Towns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Haijiao; ZHANG; Zhenghe; ZHANG

    2015-01-01

    County-level town is important space carrier of China’s urbanization and the emphasis and key of strategic distribution for urbanization. Backwardness of county-level towns limits nearby transfer of surplus labor. To promote development of county-level towns,on the basis of classifying county-level towns,this paper analyzed motive and resistance factors of evolution of different county-level towns using historical data collection and statistical method,comparative approach,typical case study method,and studied development path for different county-level towns. From analysis,it reached the conclusion that industry exerts the most direct and fundamental influence on development of county-level towns,while the industrial development in county-level towns must base on their actual conditions. The county-level towns are not isolated,and their development should be established within the framework of national policy environment and superior and subordinate town system.

  3. Experiences of violence and association with decreased drug abstinence among women in Cape Town, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Elizabeth; Myers, Bronwyn; Novak, Scott P; Browne, Felicia A; Wechsberg, Wendee M

    2015-01-01

    Drug abuse is a contributing factor in women's HIV risk in low-income communities in Cape Town, South Africa. This study assessed whether experiencing violence is associated with reduced drug abstinence among adult women (n = 603) participating in a randomized field trial for an HIV prevention study in Cape Town. In relation to drug abstinence at 12-month follow-up, multivariable regression models were used to assess (1) baseline partner and non-partner victimization, and (2) victimization at 12-month follow-up among participants reporting baseline victimization. Baseline partner (AOR = 0.6; 95 % CI 0.4-0.9) and non-partner victimization (AOR = 0.6; 95 % CI 0.4-0.9) were associated with a reduced likelihood of drug abstinence at follow-up. Among participants who reported victimization at baseline, those no longer reporting victimization at follow-up did not differ significantly in drug abstinence compared with those who reported victimization at follow-up. The study findings highlight the lasting impact of victimization on women's drug use outcomes, persisting regardless of whether violence was no longer reported at follow-up. Overall, the findings support the need for the primary prevention of violence to address the cycle of violence, drug use, and HIV among women in this setting.

  4. 'Social, innovative and smart cities are happy and resilient': insights from the WHO EURO 2014 International Healthy Cities Conference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamel Boulos, Maged N; Tsouros, Agis D; Holopainen, Arto

    2015-01-14

    This paper provides a brief overview of, and elaborates on, some of the presentations, discussions and conclusions from Day 4 of the 'WHO EURO 2014 International Healthy Cities Conference: Health and the City - Urban Living in the 21st Century', held in Athens, Greece on 25 October 2014. The Internet of Things (IoT) is made of sensors and other components that connect our version of the world made of atoms, i.e., humans/our bodies, our devices, vehicles, roads, buildings, plants, animals, etc., with a mirror digital version made of bits. This enables cities and regions to be self-aware and dynamically reconfigurable in real- or near-real-time, based on changes that are continuously monitored and captured by sensors, similar to the way the internal biological systems of a living being operate and respond to their environment (homeostasis). Data collected by various IoT sensors and processed via appropriate analytics can also help predict the immediate future with reasonable accuracy, which enables better planned responses and mitigation actions. Cities and regions can thus become more adaptable and resilient in face of adversity. Furthermore, IoT can link atoms (humans) to other atoms (humans) (again via bits), resulting in the formation of 'smart(er) communities' that are socially connected in new ways and potentially happier. Cities, but also less urbanised regions and the countryside, could all benefit from, and harness the power of, IoT to improve the health, well-being and overall quality of life of the local populations, actively engage citizens in a smarter governance of their region, empower them to better care for one another, promote stronger social inclusion, and ensure a greener, sustainable and more enjoyable environment for all. Technology can also help reverse the 'brain drain' from the countryside and smaller towns to larger metropolises by making the former more attractive and connected, with better services akin to those found in larger cities. The

  5. Creative City Challenge: policy measures and applications

    OpenAIRE

    Romein, A.; Trip, J.J.; Zonneveld, W.A.M.

    2012-01-01

    Report written in the framework of NSR INTERREG IVB project Creative City Challenge. The report presents the results of the project by means of an interactive toolkit for policy-makers. It presents policy measures to foster creative city development and their application on CCC partner cities and regions, and discusses the transferability of policies from one local context to another.

  6. Complexity, cognition and the city

    CERN Document Server

    Portugali, Juval

    2011-01-01

    Complexity, Cognition and the City aims at a deeper understanding of urbanism, while invoking, on an equal footing, the contributions both the hard and soft sciences have made, and are still making, when grappling with the many issues and facets of regional planning and dynamics. In this work, the author goes beyond merely seeing the city as a self-organized, emerging pattern of some collective interaction between many stylized urban "agents" – he makes the crucial step of attributing cognition to his agents and thus raises, for the first time, the question on how to deal with a complex system composed of many interacting complex agents in clearly defined settings. Accordingly, the author eventually addresses issues of practical relevance for urban planners and decision makers. The book unfolds its message in a largely nontechnical manner, so as to provide a broad interdisciplinary readership with insights, ideas, and other stimuli to encourage further research – with the twofold aim of further pushing ba...

  7. 'Facework', Flow and the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2006-01-01

    This paper contains a re-reading of Simmel and Goffman with an eye to the mobility practices of the contemporary city. The paper offers a ‘new’ perspective on mobility in the contemporary city by re-reading two sociological ‘classics’ as there is a need to conceptualise the everyday level of flow...... and mobility in the midst of an intellectual climate dominated by grand theories of networks and globalisation. In the re-reading of Simmel and Goffman, the aim is to reach an understanding of how contemporary material mobility flows and symbolic orders and meanings are produced and re-produced. You may argue......, they rather carry important insights that will benefit the sociology of mobility. Arguably Simmel and Goffman offer the opportunity to connect the global flows to the everyday level of social practice, as well as linking more basic/classic sociological theory to contemporary issues of mobility. The reason...

  8. Global cities and cultural experimentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rojas Gaviria, Pilar; Emontspool, Julie

    2015-01-01

    an ethnographic perspective, combining observations of rehearsals and performances, in-depth interviews with actors, directors and audience, and secondary data. Findings: The fluidity of global cities allows their inhabitants to engage in collective creative processes of cultural experimentation, performing...... of the research community to the collective, reflexive, and experimental aspects of symbolic consumption. It does this by introducing the concept of cultural experimentation. Finally, it shows how arts and cultural products can function as valuable contexts for international marketing research, providing original...

  9. 城乡统筹背景下小城镇总体规划编制方法探析——以河北省唐山市丰南区黄各庄镇为例%EXPLORATION OF SMALL TOWN MASTER PLAN METHOD UNDER THE BACKGROUND OF URBAN-RURAL INTEGRATION: A CASE STUDY OF HUANGGEZHUANG TOWN OF TANGSHAN CITY, HEBEI PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭健

    2011-01-01

    With the development of new socialist countryside and the promulgation of "Urban- Rural Planning Act of the People's Republic of China" and "the Standards for Town Planning", the town planning and urban-rural integrated planning become hot issues. With Huanggezhuang town as an example, this paper makes a pragmatic and creative exploration on the small town planning method based on the summary of conventional town master planning methods, and the change in the contents and formulation ideology of small town planning under the background of urban-rural integration.%随着社会主义新农村建设的全面展开和《中华人民共和国城乡规划法》、《镇规划标准》的颁行,建制镇规划以及城乡规划的统筹与衔接成为研究的热点.本文以黄各庄镇总体规划为例,在反思传统小城镇总体规划编制方法的基础上,结合城乡统筹背景下小城镇总体规划编制理念和内容的转变,对小城镇规划编制方法进行了探索.

  10. Tick pests and vectors (Acari: Ixodoidea) in European towns: Introduction, persistence and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uspensky, Igor

    2014-02-01

    Ticks have always been a part of fauna in and around human settlements, and their significance changed concurrently with the enlargement of settlements and their transformation into towns. The increased rate of urbanization during the last decades has created a new reality for tick existence. Two groups of ticks are of major concern for modern towns: those living under natural conditions of urban surroundings and those well-adapted to urban conditions. During the process of urbanization, encroachment into forested and uncultivated areas as well as protection of existing green spaces create opportunities for ticks living in nature to also exist under urban and suburban conditions. Conditions of modern urban and especially suburban environment in developed European countries adequately meet tick requirements. Tick species having an advantage in urban areas are those that can use one and the same host at all parasitic stages, can starve for a prolonged time, can use either urban pests or domesticated animals as hosts, and can live in man-made buildings. The ticks of the Argas reflexus group (Argasidae) and the brown dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Ixodidae) comply with practically all conditions necessary for successful survival in urban areas. The ability of ticks to transmit numerous human and animal pathogens and the presence of many reservoir hosts in urban and suburban areas create persistent danger for human populations and domestic animals. Impact on urban ticks should be directed against the two major requirements of tick existence: reducing populations of potential tick hosts (feral pigeons, stray dogs and cats, and urban rodents), and changing other environmental conditions to make them less suitable for ticks. It is especially important that urban inhabitants be properly informed about the danger posed by ticks, the sites of possible tick attacks, and basic self-protection techniques.

  11. A GIS wind resource map with tabular printout of monthly and annual wind speeds for 2,000 towns in Iowa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brower, M.C. [Brower & Company, Andover, MA (United States); Factor, T. [Iowa Wind Energy Institute, Fairfield, IA (United States)

    1997-12-31

    The Iowa Wind Energy Institute, under a grant from the Iowa Energy Center, undertook in 1994 to map wind resources in Iowa. Fifty-meter met towers were erected at 13 locations across the state deemed promising for utility-scale wind farm development. Two years of summarized wind speed, direction, and temperature data were used to create wind resource maps incorporating effects of elevation, relative exposure, terrain roughness, and ground cover. Maps were produced predicting long-term mean monthly and annual wind speeds on a one-kilometer grid. The estimated absolute standard error in the predicted annual average wind speeds at unobstructed locations is 9 percent. The relative standard error between points on the annual map is estimated to be 3 percent. These maps and tabular data for 2,000 cities and towns in Iowa are now available on the Iowa Energy Center`s web site (http.//www.energy.iastate.edu).

  12. On the orientation of Roman towns in Italy

    CERN Document Server

    Magli, G

    2007-01-01

    As is well known, several Roman sources report on the existence of a town foundation ritual, inherited from the Etruscans, which allegedly included astronomical references. However, the possible existence of astronomical orientations in the layout of Roman towns has never been tackled in a systematic way. As a first step in this direction, the orientation of virtually all Roman towns in Italy (38 cities) is studied here. Non-random orientation patterns emerge from these data, aiming at further research in this field.

  13. The Effect of Economic and Social Restructuring on the Towns of Nehoiu and Pogoanele

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANA ANDUŢA PUNCIOIU

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Since early 1989, the small settlements of Nehoiu and Pogoanele, located in the south-eastern part of Buzău County and declared towns in the same year, entered a new stage of evolution.After a long period of evolution under socialism, people and especially authorities decided to adjust the evolution and the development of settlements. This change did not only have repercussions on the entire economic base but also on the population, imprinting a descendent evolution. Economic restructuring is felt on the quality of life, purchasing power is increasingly smaller, many families are poor, with the possibility of living only from one day to another. Industry and agriculture have suffered the biggest change in the sense that the labour force in these two areas has steadily decreased. Current development opportunities include: increasing the share of active population in the tertiary sector and attracting investors from the private sector.

  14. Petrinja – Spatial and Historical Development of the Town Derived from Old Graphics, Plans and Maps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivka Kljajić

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In 2005, the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Zagreb published two books by Prof. Dr. Nenad Lipovac: Petrinja – Urban History of a Croatian Town as Revealed through Archive Graphics and Maps in English and Petrinja – Urbane Geschichte einer kroatischen Stadt auf alten Graphiken, Plänen und Topo-Karten in German. The books were published as a part of the series of scientific monographs Acta architectonica and were produced within the scientific project Basics of Space Evaluation for the General Theory of Spatial and Landscape Planning, which was carried out at the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Zagreb. A review of the books was published in the 5th issue of the journal Cartography and Geoinformation in 2006.

  15. Sustainable cities and energy policies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Capello, R. [Politecnico di Milano (Italy). Dept. of Economics; Nijkamp, P.; Pepping, G. [Vrije Univ., Amsterdam (Netherlands). Dept. of Regional Economics

    1999-03-01

    This book starts out with the optimistic perspective that modern cities can indeed play a strategic role in the necessary pathway to sustainable development, with particular emphasis on the opportunities offered by local energy and environmental initiatives. Our study aims to demonstrate that an urban sustainability policy has many socio-economic benefits, while it also seeks to identify the critical success and failure factors of sustainable city innovations. After a comprehensive review of various opportunities and experiences, attention is focused particularly on renewable energy resources which may offer new potential for the active involvement of local authorities. The study also highlights major impediments regarding the adoption and implementation of renewable energies, in particular, the development of advanced energy-environmental technology in a world dominated by natural (public) monopolies and/or monopolistic competition elements. In this context both theoretical and empirical elements are discussed, as well as institutional aspects. The theory and methodology is tested by a thorough empirical investigation into local renewable energy initiatives in three European countries, viz. Greece, Italy and The Netherlands. Based on an extensive data base, various statistical models are estimated in order to identify the key elements and major driving forces of sustainable development at the city level. And finally, the study is concluded with a long list of applicable and operational policy guidelines for urban sustainability. These lessons are largely based on meta-analytic comparative studies of the various initiatives investigated. (orig.)

  16. 76 FR 9340 - Mill Town Power Project; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-17

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Mill Town Power Project; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted..., 2011, Mill Town Power Project filed an application for a preliminary permit, pursuant to section...

  17. Social and cultural resources for the setting up and functioning of family enterprises in a small Bulgarian town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrova Ivanka

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available As a field of culture, the family enterprise shows that in the current European societies the economic operation does not proceed only from a purely rational point of view and that notwithstanding the common speaking of globalization, the local may be a prerequisite for successful economic development. My objective has been to show, proceeding from an example from a small Bulgarian town, that the family enterprise is a field of culture in which the observed phenomena are strongly influenced by the social inclusion of the enterprise and by its tie-up with the context of the urban environment. I shall investigate in what way local social and cultural resources are intensively used in the process of setting up and functioning of a family enterprise from the sphere of hoteldom and tourism in the town of Belogradchik. I intend to study whether these resources are conducive to the economic prosperity of the firm. Another research objective is to establish the manner of identification of the enterprise with the town, with the region and the local culture by way of the services provided (tourist and restaurant. I shall look for an answer to the question of how the enterprise’ working realm fits in the concrete cultural, historical and social context of the town.

  18. Cities, Crowding and Crime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trotter, Robert J.

    1974-01-01

    This article considers the effects of human crowding in light of recent tests and observations. Factors such as sex, age, culture, socio-economic standing, frustration, and interpersonal physical distance are examined. Results indicate that crowding contributes to social problems and crime. (TK)

  19. Cross Innovation approach and the creative industries: a case study in the city of Lisbon, Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaina Mendes Oliveira

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Given the cultural diversity of Europe, and the inextricable link between culture and creativity, creative industries also represent a great asset and a source of global competitive advantage. In this regard the EU launched the project Cross Innovation, aimed at identifying and sharing innovative experiences among the participating cities, and more specifically seeking to identify how the creative industries can interact with other industries in other sectors. This project was taken part by 11 European cities such as Amsterdam, Berlin, Birmingham, Stockholm, Linz, Lisbon, Pilsen, Vilnius, Warsaw, Rome and Tallinn. The purpose of this article is to describe the process performed in Europe and show that this can be used by other cities and even other regions to leverage the innovation process using the potential of the creative industry. It was utilized a documentary research on the project (reports, websites, documents submitted by respondents and there was performed a field study, with personal interviews with those responsible for the agencies involved in the project (Town Hall, University of Lisbon, companies, including others in one of the participant cities: the city of Lisbon, in Portugal. When researching the results of this project, specifically in the city of Lisbon, it is seen that there was learning in the sense of how the city can arrange a mediation policy from this process of rapprochement between the sectors of the economy of a region and Creative Industries, and the results in terms of knowledge generation are visible.

  20. Search and the city

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.A. Gautier; C.N. Teulings

    2009-01-01

    We develop a model of an economy with several regions, which differ in scale. Within each region, workers have to search for a job-type that matches their skill. They face a trade-off between match quality and the cost of extended search. This trade-off differs between regions, because search is mor

  1. Trade and cities

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Many developing countries display remarkably high degrees of urban concentration that are incommensurate with their levels of urbanization. The cost of excessively high levels of urban concentration can be very high in terms of overpopulation, congestion, and productivity growth. One strand of the theoretical literature suggests that such high levels of concentration may be the result of r...

  2. Sex and the City

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scheen, L.M.

    2006-01-01

    Mian Mian pouring beer on Wei Hui’s head in a Shanghai bar; Wei Hui baring her breasts at a press conference; threats on the Internet – self-labelled Beauty Writers Mian Mian and Wei Hui fear no accusations in their public catfight over alleged plagiarism in turn-of-the-century Shanghai. The rivalry

  3. Global Cities and Liability of Foreignness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wernicke, Georg; Mehlsen, Kristian

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we combine the concepts of location, liability of foreignness (LoF), and their relation to factors that drive multinational enterprises (MNEs) towards, or away from, global cities. We argue that three interrelated characteristics of global cities - cosmopolitanism, availability of ...... can reduce the liability of foreignness suffered by MNEs, and that global cities play a central role in the process of globalisation.......In this paper, we combine the concepts of location, liability of foreignness (LoF), and their relation to factors that drive multinational enterprises (MNEs) towards, or away from, global cities. We argue that three interrelated characteristics of global cities - cosmopolitanism, availability...... indicate that MNEs have a stronger propensity to locate in global cities than in metropolitan or peripheral areas, and that these locational choices are affected by institutional distance and industrial characteristics. The results provide empirical support for our argument that locating in a global city...

  4. Socioeconomic Distribution of Health and Health Care Utilization in a New Town in Hong Kong, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TAK SUN IGNATIUS YU; TZE WAI WONG

    2004-01-01

    Objectives To assess the association of socioeconomic indicators with various chronic and acute illnesses and the utilization of public health care in a new town in Hong Kong, China. Methods Illness experience and socioeconomic and demographic data of 7570 residents from 2022 randomly selected households were collected through telephone interviews. The relationships between socioeconomic indicators and illnesses/choice of health care were explored using stepwise logistic regressions after adjusting for sex and age. Results Significant positive associations were noted between low household income and diabetes mellitus, any chronic illnesses among adults and flu among younger subjects; low educational level and accident-related illness among adults; being born in Chinese mainland and flu, any acute illness in adults. For the utilization of public health care, low household income was the most consistent risk factor. Conclusion This study did not demonstrate a unidirectional socioeconomic gradient in health but supported the hypothesis that socioeconomic deprivation was associated with the utilization of public health care.

  5. The Transformation of Danish Towns and Regions in the Knowledge Economy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kalle Emil Holst

    by examining the professional preferences of highly skilled public employees and their influence on the choice of workplace, using the case of hospital doctors as an example. Lastly, Paper 4 studies the strategic actions that allow low- and medium low-tech manufacturing firms in smalltown locations to remain....... Based on the findings of Paper 3, it is concluded that professional preferences influence significant measures in choice of workplace and that state institutions and agencies via these have possibility to bridge the connections between core and non-core regions, based on these preferences. Paper 4...... concludes that the competitiveness of manufacturing firms in small towns is based on active strategies and continuous routine, organisation and technology fine-tuning. However, this leaves little room for job creation, and, consequently, for evolving local economies. In sum, the thesis finds uneven...

  6. Poverty and psychological health among AIDS-orphaned children in Cape Town, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cluver, Lucie; Gardner, Frances; Operario, Don

    2009-06-01

    This study examined associations between AIDS-orphanhood status, poverty indicators, and psychological problems (depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress, peer problems, delinquency, conduct problems) among children and adolescents in townships surrounding Cape Town, South Africa. One thousand and twenty-five children and adolescents completed standardized and culturally sensitive cross-sectional surveys. Children orphaned by AIDS had more psychological problems including depression, peer problems, post-traumatic stress, and conduct problems. Specific poverty indicators including food security, access to social welfare grants, employment in the household and access to school were associated with better psychological health. Poverty indicators mediated associations of AIDS-orphanhood with psychological problems. Food security showed the most consistent association with reduced psychological problems. Poverty alleviation measures have the potential to improve psychological health for AIDS-orphaned children in South African townships.

  7. Streamlining of building permit approval processing of town and country planning department in Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noriss Kweku Hammah

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available To date, the Ghanaian development control system has proven unsuccessful in delivering quality planning application approvals in a timely manner and it is doubtful whether it is possible to achieve that basic goal in its current form. Planning application approval assessment is performed conjointly by various planning organizations spearheaded by Accra Town and Country Planning Department (TCPD. The success in delivering quality approvals in a timely manner therefore depends on the inter-organizational task interdependency, collaboration, and teamwork of the various planning agencies that form the Accra Metropolitan Assembly. The paper puts into perspective the TCPD organizational workflow and knowledge flow based on their strategies, size, leadership style, organizational complexities, and their competencies to contribute to the success of the approval process. Further, this paper examines the reasons behind the increasing amorphous planning and unapproved development/construction and identifies the various planning approval problems. Finally, it offers modalities to curtail planning approval delays.

  8. Making unhealthy places: The built environment and non-communicable diseases in Khayelitsha, Cape Town.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smit, Warren; de Lannoy, Ariane; Dover, Robert V H; Lambert, Estelle V; Levitt, Naomi; Watson, Vanessa

    2016-05-01

    In this paper, we examine how economic, social and political forces impact on NCDs in Khayelitsha (a predominantly low income area in Cape Town, South Africa) through their shaping of the built environment. The paper draws on literature reviews and ethnographic fieldwork undertaken in Khayelitsha. The three main pathways through which the built environment of the area impacts on NCDs are through a complex food environment in which it is difficult to achieve food security, an environment that is not conducive to safe physical activity, and high levels of depression and stress (linked to, amongst other factors, poverty, crime and fear of crime). All of these factors are at least partially linked to the isolated, segregated and monofunctional nature of Khayelitsha. The paper highlights that in order to effectively address urban health challenges, we need to understand how economic, social and political forces impact on NCDs through the way they shape built environments.

  9. Analysis of Urban Expansion and Driving Forces in Xuzhou City Based on Remote Sensing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Zhao-ling; DU Pei-jun; GUO Da-zhi

    2007-01-01

    Based on satellite remote sensing TM/ETM+ images of Xuzhou city, land use forms of the city in 1987, 1994 and 2000 were extracted by using a neural network classification method. The expansion contribution rate and annual expansion intensity index of each administrative district have been calculated and the contribution rate matrices and spatial distribution maps of land use changes were obtained. Based on the above analysis, the characteristics of urban expansion from 1987 to 2000 have been explored. From 1987 to 1994, the expansion contribution rate of Quanshan district reached 46.80%, the highest in all administrative districts of Xuzhou city; Tongshan town was in a high-speed expansion period; both Quanshan and Yunlong districts were experiencing fast-speed expansion periods while the entire city was expanding at a medium-speed with an annual expansion intensity index of 0.98; the city spread eastwards and southwards. From 1994 to 2000, the expansion contribution rate of Quanshan district reached 43.67%, the highest in Xuzhou; the entire city was in a medium-speed expansion period with an annual expansion intensity index of 1.04; the city has rapidly been extended towards the southeast. According to the contribution rate matrices of land use changes, urban expansion mainly usurps cropland and woodland. A quantitative analysis found that population growth, industrialization and economic development are the primary driving forces behind urban expansion.

  10. 阆中市思依镇地下水水化学特征分析%Hydrochemistry characteristics of groundwater in Siyi Town,Langzhong City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙厚云; 张艳; 杨军

    2016-01-01

    阆中市思依镇地处四川红层缺水地区,居民饮用水水源主要为浅层地下水,分析总结地下水水化学特征对地区供水具有重要意义.运用Piper三线图、Durov图、Scholler图等水化学分析图解,因子分析、聚类分析统计学方法确定研究区地下水水化学类型、地下水主要离子组分的分布特征,总结研究区地下水水化学特征.研究表明,研究区水化学类型主要为HCO3 -Ca型、HCO3 ﹢SO4 -Ca型、HCO3 -Ca﹢Mg型三类,占水样总量的94. 34%;地下水多为硬水,地下水主要阳离子为Ca2﹢,主要阴离子为 HCO3 - ﹢CO3 2-;区内地下水化学形成过程中溶滤作用为主导作用.%Siyi Towan,Langzhong city is located in Sichuan red layer where suffers water shortage while water source here is mainly shallow groundwater. The analysis about hydrochemistry characteristics of groundwater will play a important role in water supplying in this area. Here we analyzed the hydrochemistry characteristics of groundwater,Using Piper diagram,Durov diagram,Scholler diagram and Factor analysis and Cluster analysis method to determine the hydrochemistry type of groundwa-ter and the distribution characteristics of main ion components of groundwater. The results showed that the hydrochemistry types can be classified into HCO3 -Ca type、HCO3 ﹢SO4 -Ca type and HCO3 -Ca﹢Mg type,which accounting for 94. 34%of the total water sample. The Ca2﹢and HCO3 - ﹢CO3 2-dominant among cations and anions. Leaching effect played a leading role in the process of the formation of the hydrochemistry in the area.

  11. A phytosociological study of Signal Hill, Cape Town, utilizing both perennial and ephemeral species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Joubert

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available A phytosociological study based on the collection of vegetation and environmental data from 53 randomly stratified sample plots on Signal Hill, Cape Town, was carried out over an area of 124 ha. The survey extended over 12 months to ensure the inclusion of as many plant species as possible, and a list of the vascular plant species was compiled. A total of 81 families, 255 genera and 460 species was identified. The phytosociological method revealed that only one major plant community occurs in the study area and two subcommunities, with a total of five variants correlated mostly with aspect and historic land use, were identified. The perennially and seasonally identifiable species were analysed separately to determine their relative contribution to the phytosociological classification. The two data sets gave similar classifications. A vegetation map as well as a soil map was compiled.

  12. Impact of rural urban migration on physical and social environment: The case of Dhaka city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Momtaz Jahan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Rural urban migration is the principle component of rapid and unplanned growth of towns and cities in the developing countries. Gross disparities in socio-economic opportunity between urban and rural areas and frequent natural disasters in some regions encourage large flow of migrants from rural Bangladesh to the large cities. For various reasons Dhaka is an attractive destination for the rural migrants. Migration to Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh, is the focus of this article which identifies the factors contributing to the migration process. The impact of migration is diverse both at the urban destination and at the rural origin. At both ends there are economic, demographic, environmental and socio-cultural impacts. This paper focuses on the urban end. It examines the overall conditions of the underprivileged, poor migrants and the consequences of migration on the physical and social environment on their choice of destination.

  13. Epidemiological and radiological study of skeletal fluorosis of Minzhu Town, Longli County, Guizhou Province, China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, D.S.; Duan, R.X.; Wang, S.Q.; He, G.Y.; Li, P.; Nie, Z.X.; Wen, T.G. [Guizhou Province Health and Antiepidemiology Station, Guiyang (China)

    1999-05-01

    A study was carried out on an area of endemic fluorosis based on the relation between detection rate or incidence, classification and severity of skeletal fluorosis, and sex-age distribution. The results show that Minzhu Town of Longli County is a moderate and typical epidemic area of endemic fluorosis resulting from coal-burning pollution in Guizhou Province, China. Five features characterize the skeletal fluorosis of the residents: Osteosclerosis is significantly more prevalent than osteoporosis; no mixed type of skeletal fluorosis and no osteomalacia were found in the subjects examined; no cases with moderate or severe osteoporosis were found; the severity of osteosclerosis in females was significantly milder than in males; and the rate of osteoporosis caused by fluoride in females showed no difference from that in males. These observations provide new parameters for assessing collective conditions of epidemic regions of endemic fluorosis resulting from coal-burning pollution.

  14. Analyzing Street Art to Present the Heritage of George Town, Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyedehelham Sadatiseyedmahalleh

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Street art comprises all kinds of art developed in public locations. This form of art has spread to all heritage streets in George Town, the capital of Penang Island, which is also a known UNESCO World Heritage Site. However, instead of its heritage, food, and interesting past life and structure, the rapid multiplication of street art in George Town has created a new and unusual art that attracts tourists. Street art has spread to small roads and heritage streets in the city. This art increases the awareness of spectators by introducing them to the rich history of these streets and inducing a lively concept in the inner city of George Town. Accordingly, the impact of iron rod sculptures and murals, which comprises approximately 90% of street art in George Town, were determined to explore and identify the effects of this street art on this world heritage site. The findings were obtained from 263 out of 306 questionnaires accomplished by tourists in George Town. The results confirm that tourists prefer murals over iron rod sculptures. Iron rod sculptures are designed to tell the history of the street, whereas murals are designed to create aesthetic value. The findings indicated that similar to iron rod sculptures, more control should be exercised on the subjects of murals.

  15. Prevalence and predictors of intestinal parasites among food handlers in Yebu Town, southwest Ethiopia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamirat Tefera

    Full Text Available As a result of urbanization, eating and drinking from food service establishments is becoming a common practice in developing countries like Ethiopia, which increases the chances of food borne diseases. The health status and hygiene practices of food handlers are the major determinants of food contamination. In developing countries where there are poor regulatory systems for food hygiene, food handlers are often appointed without screening for possible infections associated with poor hygiene like intestinal parasites.This study aimed at determining the prevalence and predictors of intestinal parasites and assessing the hygiene practices among food handlers in Yebu Town, southwest Ethiopia.A cross-sectional study was conducted among a total of 118 food handlers in Yebu Town in January 2011. Fresh stool specimens were collected and processed using both direct wet mount and Formol ether concentration techniques.The overall prevalence of intestinal parasites among the study subjects was 44.1% (52/118. Ascaris lumbricoides and hookworm spp were the predominant parasites identified from the stool of study participants. Age above 35 years (AOR: 4.8, 95% CI: 1.1, 21.8, no regular practice of washing hands before a meal (AOR: 7.8, 95% CI: 2.8, 24.8, and untrimmed finger nail (AOR: 14.7, 95% CI: 2.8, 75.4 were independent predictors of intestinal parasitic infection among the food handlers.The present study showed high prevalence of intestinal parasites among the study subjects. The study also revealed poor personal hygiene like poor practice of hand washing and poor finger nail hygiene. Therefore, much has to be done to improve the personal hygiene of the food handlers. Pre-placement and periodic screening of food handlers for parasites and prompt treatment, and health education on regular trimming or cleaning of fingernails would be the way forward for prevention of food borne diseases.

  16. Survey of population health in towns with nuclear and fossil fuel power plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ivanov, E.; Shubik, V. M.

    2004-07-01

    Comparative assessment of population health in Sosnovy Bor with nuclear power plant and Kirovsk with fossil fuel power station was made for public and administration information. Both towns are located in Leningrad administrative region at 150 km distance from each other. In nuclear power town radiological situation was assessed as normal and in Kirovsk up to 1995 yr. with coal fuel, maximum permissible levels of suspended particle of sulfur oxide in atmosphere were exceeded in 6-9% of samples. After 1995 yr. the natural gas was used as fuel. Demographic data for 1991-2000 yrs indicate that mortality including infants mortality and stillborns was lower in Sosnovy Bor (NOS) then in Kirovsk (fossil fuel) and on average Leningrad administrative region. Birth rate and population growth was higher in Sosnovy Bor at the same time surprisingly the recorded morbidity was higher in Sosnovy Bor which might be explained by extensive medical supervision and improved diagnostics. However, cancer and tuberculosis morbidity was lower in Sosnovy Bor. In Kirovsk in 1997-2000 yrs. oncological morbidity was higher on average comparing to Leningrad administrative region. Oncological mortality in Sosnovy Bor in 1997-2000 yrs. was lower than in Kirovsk and Leningrad region Standardized annual mortality in Sosnovy Bor, Kirovsk and Leningrad administrative region was 128.3, 209.6 and 211.7 on 100 000 respectively. Health state of pregnant women, deliveries, new-born condition were all in normal range in Sosnovy Bor, contrary to higher increased abortion rate and pregnancy complications in Kirovsk. These findings need further studies. (Author)

  17. Violence exposure and mental health of adolescents in small towns: an exploratory study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, D W

    1999-01-01

    This study explores the impact of violence exposure on the mental health of the adolescents in a rural small town. A structured questionnaire was used to survey 347 adolescents. Violence experienced and witnessed by the adolescents at school, in the neighbourhood, and at home was measured. Mental health was represented by the psychiatric symptoms, depression level, and self-esteem. The level of violence perpetrated by the adolescents was also explored. Results of the multiple regression analysis show that adolescents who have been exposed to more violence, either as a victim or as a witness, report more psychiatric symptoms, higher levels of depression, and more problems of self-esteem. Being a witness of violence also contributes significantly to the variance of violence committed by the adolescents. The implications of the findings to violence prevention are discussed in the conclusion.

  18. Modernisation of Public Buildings in Polish Towns and the Concept of Sustainable Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chodkowska-Miszczuk Justyna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to identify the scale of energy efficiency improvements in public buildings in Polish towns as representative of sustainable building. The study area is investigated from the perspective of challenges arising from the current policy in the EU. The article indicates that, given the age of public buildings in Poland, the best way to implement the concept of sustainable building is to improve their present stock. The modernisation of public buildings is discussed in terms of project location, project value, sources of funding (including EU funds, and the use of buildings undergoing modernisation. According to the research findings, the implementation of the sustainable building concept is determined by both, exogenous factors (EU directives and domestic laws, etc. and endogenous ones (e.g. human resources and their quality

  19. Experimental Investigation of the Transition between Autler-Townes Splitting and Electromagnetically-Induced Transparency

    CERN Document Server

    Giner, L; Sparkes, B; Sheremet, A S; Nicolas, A; Mishina, O S; Scherman, M; Burks, S; Shomroni, I; Kupriyanov, D V; Lam, P K; Giacobino, E; Laurat, J

    2012-01-01

    Two phenomena can affect the transmission of a weak signal field through an absorbing medium in the presence of a strong additional field: electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) and Autler-Townes splitting (ATS). Being able to discriminate between the two is important for various applications. Here we present an experimental investigation into a method that allows for such a disambiguation as proposed in [Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 163604 (2011)]. We apply the proposed test based on Akaike's information criterion to a coherently driven ensemble of cold cesium atoms and find a good agreement with theoretical predictions, therefore demonstrating the suitability of the method. Additionally, our results demonstrate that the value of the Rabi frequency for the ATS/EIT model transition in such a system depends on the level structure and on the residual inhomogeneous broadening.

  20. HIV stigma and associated factors among antiretroviral treatment clients in Jimma town, Southwest Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikus Fido N

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Neno Nikus Fido, Mamusha Aman, Zewdie Brihnu Department of Health Education and Behavioral Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia Background: HIV stigma has an important role in the spread of the AIDS epidemic. It profoundly affects the lives of individuals living with HIV/AIDS. Fear of being identified as having HIV may discourage a person from getting tested, accessing medical services, and obtaining medications. Thus, this study was aimed at assessing HIV-related stigma and associated factors among antiretroviral treatment (ART clients in Jimma town, Oromia region, Southwest Ethiopia. Methods: A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 11 to April 26, 2015, in ART clinics in Jimma town. Consecutively identified sample was obtained from ART clients who voluntarily participated in the survey after signing written consent. A structured interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. Multiple linear regressions were conducted to assess the factors associated with various stigma domains. Results: Out of 349 clients requested, 318 (91.1% respondents voluntarily participated in the study; among them, 204 (64.2% respondents were females and the mean age of the respondents was 32.9 years. The mean score (and possible range of experienced HIV stigma was 41.5±12.6 (20.0–86.7, internalized stigma was 50.5±16.4 (20–96.5, and perceived stigma was 56.2±19.2 (20–100. Conclusion: The study revealed that duration of ART use and provider-initiated and forced HIV testing were significantly associated with the three HIV stigma domains. Despite the lower experienced HIV stigma, there were higher internalized and perceived stigmas. Therefore, HIV counseling services should be strengthened for new ART beginners, including pretest counseling. Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Jimma, stigma, ART clients, PLWHA

  1. "Learning Service" in International Contexts: Partnership-Based Service-Learning and Research in Cape Town, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMillan, Janice; Stanton, Timothy K.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we explore an approach to developing and implementing service-learning and community-based research in a study-abroad program in Cape Town, South Africa. Drawing on a notion of partnerships reflecting the values of accompaniment and transparency, and influenced by the importance of learning service, we outline an intentional, engaged…

  2. Dating violence and self-efficacy for delayed sex among adolescents in Cape Town, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boafo, Isaac M; Dagbanu, Emmanuel A; Asante, Kwaku Oppong

    2014-06-01

    In South Africa, dating violence is known to be widespread among adolescents, and is therefore a major public health issue because of its association with sexual risk behaviours. The objective of the study was to examine the relationship between dating violence and self-efficacy for delayed sex among school-going adolescents in Cape Town, South Africa. The study is based on analyses of data from a school-based health education programme targeting sexual and reproductive health issues.The study involved 3,655 school-going adolescents aged between 12 and 17 in Cape Town, South Africa. The data was collected by means of a self-administered questionnaire composed of 153 items on sexual and reproductive health, dating violence as well as sociodemographic characteristics. The results indicated that males showed a higher percentage of both dating violence victimization and perpetration, as compared to females. It was also found that adolescents from lower socio-economic backgrounds were more likely to be the victims of dating violence as compared to those from a higher socio-economic background. Female learners showed higher levels of self-efficacy for delayed sex than their male counterparts. Although the result revealed that there was a significant association between self-efficacy for delayed sex and socio-economic status, this link decreased with age. It is concluded that educational programmes aimed solely at improving self-efficacy for delayed sex is insufficient. Such programmes must also aim at preventing dating violence and equipping adolescents with the skills to negotiate their way out of dating violence.

  3. Ecological city planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvador Rueda

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available A territory, a city, a neighbourhood are all ecosystems; a mixture of chemico-physical and organic elements related to each other. That which defines an ecological system is the set of rules and characteristics which condition its relationships, and its duration in time is guaranteed by its efficiency and internal organization which applied to the city is translated in the reduction of the use of natural resources and in the increase of social organization. To increase the efficiency of the urban systems is the necessary condition for the formulation of ecological city planning favouring the maximum liveability of sites. Liveability is directly correlated to the optimization of numerous elements (public space, equipment, services, building techniques, innovative technology, social cohesion, biodiversity. To carry out such objectives, ecological city planning proposes a new model of town planning on three levels (subsoil, ground level, and upper level.

  4. For a Safer City. A Friendlier City. And a More Beautiful City.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Busi

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The issue of the safety of mobility in the urban environment has been emerging as a primary social topic for some time now due to the number of casualties and, more generally, due to the impact on living conditions in the city. If correctly formulated, in fact, this subject has implications primarily and fundamentally with regard to the quality of urban life, as the citizen, and the vulnerable road user in particular, is severely restricted in their use of urban public paces. Consequently, an increasingly greater focus is being placed on acquiring methods, techniques and strategies for addressing the issue of planning, constructing and managing roads, squares and urban green spaces (and above all, applying the logic of reclaiming the historic and consolidated city in order that the city can be used to its full potential by the citizen. The subject itself therefore presents an opportunity to re-establish urban planning regulations (and, more generally, city regulations in accordance with the renewed interest in public spaces. The article discusses this matter and includes supporting elements and examples, also referring to the implications on the urban landscape.

  5. Autler-Townes triplet absorption spectroscopy, controllable electromagnetically induced transparency and nonlinear coherence Kerr effect

    CERN Document Server

    Bacha, Bakht Amin; Nazmidinov, Rashid G

    2014-01-01

    A Field Generated Coherence (FGC)' based 3-field cyclically-driven 4-level atomic system, which is an extended version of $\\Lambda$ type schemes, is investigated for Autler-Townes triplet absorption (ATT) spectroscopy. Two dark lines which appear in the ATT spectrum, are the essence of the generated multiple controllable EIT windows for a superluminal Gaussian light pulse. We also investigate enhancement in the group velocity for the Gaussian light pulse, using a nonlinear coherence Kerr effect. Consequently, the superluminal probing pulse leaves a steep anomalous region of the medium by $28 \\mu s$ sooner than the light pulse of the Kerr-free system. A co-linear propagation of the driving fields is suggested to minimize our explored Doppler broadening incoherence effect on the probe pulse. Indeed, the analytically observed undistorted retrieved light pulse, which is a necessary and useful requirement for realization of the results in laboratory, is also shown and analyzed explicitly.

  6. `Old-New' Mining Towns - Examples of the Renovation and Adaptation of Post-Industrial Objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langer, Piotr

    2016-06-01

    Poland's economic transformation has proved to be a critical phase in the contemporary development of its industrial cities, initiating profound spatial and functional changes. In researching the basics of the development of `post-industrial' cities, it can be seen that the work undertaken is focused on reusing post-industrial buildings and objects. This results not only in functional changes in the appearance and condition of the transformed structures, but also preserves or destroys their authenticity and historical identity. This problem is linked with several phenomena, including `aware inactivity', `destructive adaptation', and `false revitalization'.

  7. 76 FR 18753 - City of Springfield, Illinois, City Water, Light and Power; Notice of Filing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission City of Springfield, Illinois, City Water, Light and Power; Notice of Filing Take notice that on March 24, 2011, The City of Springfield, Illinois, City Water, Light and...

  8. Cohesion and Stylistic Characteristics of English Advertisement-a Case Analysis Based on AVON the Smartest Shop in Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓珍

    2013-01-01

      Based on an advertisement—AVON the Smartest Shop in Town, and cohesive devices and the stylistic characteristics re⁃flected by its cohesion is analyzed. Three kinds of cohesive devices are applied in the advertising, that is, syntactic devices, lexical devices and phonological devices, which mirrors the text’s language features, oral, informal, brief but persuasive.

  9. Social organization and control of tuberculosis: the experience of a Brazilian town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Favero Bulgarelli

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: this study was aimed at analyzing the participation of a committee formed by representatives of the community in tuberculosis control based on a participatory management model. METHOD: this is a Case Study involving a tuberculosis committee with data collected through semi-structured interviews conducted with nine individuals. The data, organized through the Association of Ideas Map technique, were analyzed based on the Social Constructionism perspective. RESULTS: the participation of the Tuberculosis Committee studied was shown to be effective and associated with aspects articulated according to the measures taken by the social parties involved in the committee, culminating with assistances inserted into certain parts of the town's co-management. CONCLUSION: it was concluded that the reality of this case study shows that relationships among civil society can guide the management model in the search for effective processes of tuberculosis control.

  10. 基于认知地图的四川小城镇公共空间布局研究*--以成都郫县团结镇为例%Research on the Sustainable Development of Public Space Layout in Small Towns of Sichuan Province-A Case Study of Tuanjie Town, Chengdu City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨春燕; 王红

    2015-01-01

    Through the analysis of the public space layout problems faced by the small towns—Tuanjie town of Sichuan, this paper proposes public space layout strategies for sustainable development of small towns in Sichuan. It employs cognitive maps, literature surveys, and field interviews, etc. to analyze the status and problems of public space layout, and the status of public space activities of Tuanjie town. Finally, it puts forward the sustainable development strategies of public space layout to improve the rationality, adaptability, and diversity of public space layout, and to achieve sustainable, effective and reasonable development and use of urban public space.%通过分析四川小城镇——郫县团结镇公共空间布局出现的问题,提出四川小城镇公共空间布局的可持续发展策略。采用认知地图法、文献资料调查法以及实地访谈等方法,对郫县团结镇公共空间布局的现状、公共空间发展中所存在的问题以及公共空间的活动现状进行分析。最后,提出公共空间布局的可持续发展策略,使公共空间布局的合理性、适应性、多样性得到改善和提高,使城镇公共空间得到持续、有效、合理的发展与利用。

  11. Our Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClure, Connie

    2010-01-01

    This article describes how the author teaches a fourth- and fifth-grade unit on architecture called the Art and Science of Planning Buildings. Rockville, Indiana has fine examples of architecture ranging from log cabins, classic Greek columns, Victorian houses, a mission-style theater, and Frank Lloyd Wright prairie-style homes. After reading…

  12. Employment and Large Cities: Problems and Outlook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bairoch, Paul

    1982-01-01

    This article traces the history of the emergence of large cities and examines the outlook for the future. It then answers questions about the effects of city size on general living conditions and on the various aspects of employment and the ways in which it might develop. (CT)

  13. Brief Report: Social and Neighbourhood Correlates of Adolescent Drunkenness--A Pilot Study in Cape Town, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parry, Charles D. H.; Morojele, Neo K.; Saban, Amina; Flisher, Alan J.

    2004-01-01

    Aim: To identify social and neighbourhood correlates of drunkenness among adolescents. Design: A cross-sectional, community study. Participants: A multi-stage cluster sampling strategy was used to select 90 adolescents aged 11-17 years from nine distinct communities in Cape Town, South Africa. The sample was stratified by race, income, and gender.…

  14. Generalized Anxiety and Major Depressive syndrome measured by the SCL-90-R in Two Manganese (Mn) Exposed Ohio Towns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Objective: Environmental exposure to manganese (Mn) may cause generalized anxiety (GA) and major depression (MD) in residents living in Mn-exposed areas. Marietta and East Liverpool are two Ohio towns identified as having elevated levels of Mn. The objective was to determine if l...

  15. Learning Your Way around Town: How Virtual Taxicab Drivers Learn to Use Both Layout and Landmark Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Ehren L.; Caplan, Jeremy B.; Kirschen, Matthew P.; Korolev, Igor O.; Sekuler, Robert; Kahana, Michael J.

    2007-01-01

    By having subjects drive a virtual taxicab through a computer-rendered town, we examined how landmark and layout information interact during spatial navigation. Subject-drivers searched for passengers, and then attempted to take the most efficient route to the requested destinations (one of several target stores). Experiment 1 demonstrated that…

  16. City marketing in small and medium-sized cities in a regional context

    OpenAIRE

    Olsson, Krister; Berglund, Elin

    2010-01-01

    In contemporary western cities, city marketing is widely applied as a means for local economic development, city competitiveness and attractiveness. In practice, city marketing generally includes a wide range of promotional, organisational and spatial strategies and activities. It is often manifested in city centre revitalization including upgrading of public space, the construction of spectacular entertainment and cultural amenities, and image enhancing activities. Parallel to the growing pr...

  17. Frontier Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KIT GILET

    2008-01-01

    @@ As one of the first Treaty Ports opened up to iforeign interests in the mid-19th century, Tianjin--and more specifically the nearby port area now part of TEDA (Tianjin Economic and Development Area)--has long been looked on with intrigue by foreign investors.

  18. Parcels and Land Ownership, Tax parcels in the towns, villages, and the City of Kiel in Manitowoc County. Digital parcel maps were originally created in 2002 - 2005 from numerous sources including WiDNR LandNet, scanned registered/rectified hand-drawn parcel maps, and digital ortho, Published in 2013, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Manitowoc County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Parcels and Land Ownership dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2013. It...

  19. China's Development of Low-Carbon Eco-Cities and Associated Indicator Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, Nan [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); He, Gang [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Williams, Christopher [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2012-07-01

    China's urban population surpassed its rural population historically in 2011, when the number of Chinese living in towns and cities reached about 690 million1. In the years to come, cities in China will face major challenges as their rapidly increasing populations burden already crowded infrastructure systems and exacerbate environmental and climate change issues, threatening public health and quality of life. Low-carbon cities may be key to addressing those challenges, especially as regards mitigating and adapting to climate change. Government entities at both the central and local level have moved aggressively on building low-carbon eco-cities. According to statistics reported by the Chinese Society for Urban Studies, by February of 2011, China will have 230 cities at the prefecture-and-above level that have proposed to establish themselves as “eco-cities,” accounting for 80.1% of the 287 such cities nationally. Of those 230 cities, 133, or 46.3%, have established targets to develop specifically as “lowcarbon cities” (Chinese Society for Urban Studies 2011). Given the proposed scale of the effort, China’s potential success or failure in demonstrating and implementing low-carbon eco-cities could greatly affect how the world addresses both the climate change impacts of urbanization and the sustainable development of cities. Despite the multiple guidelines that have been developed, it remains unclear what defines a low-carbon eco-city. Additionally, although more than 100 indicators have been used or proposed for assessing such cities, few relate directly to energy use or carbon emissions. Nonetheless, policy makers and leaders continue to demand comprehensive toolboxes to facilitate development of low-carbon eco-cities. This paper presents the results of an extensive literature review of the development of low-carbon eco-cities in China. The paper also qualitatively and quantitatively analyzes 11 major indicator systems that researchers, planners

  20. Study on Network System Construction of Forest Ecological in Huaining New Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANGQingfeng; WUZemin; WANGJianan; HUANGChenglin; LIBao; QIANNimiao

    2004-01-01

    Urban forest is an important composition and the window and soul of modern cities, which has a close relationship with ecological environment and investing environment. So urban forest has been constructed in China. Huaining County could hold of the historical opportunity and come up with the great blueprint of forest ecological network system construction for the new town. This paper mainly introduces the guiding ideas, principles, goals and overall layouts of the construction in the new town, and hope that it will be a model for other county-level forest ecological network system construction in China.