WorldWideScience

Sample records for cities and towns

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages, Towns, Published in 2001, Freelance.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2001. It is described as 'Towns'. Data by this publisher...

  2. City and Town Halls; townHalls13

    Data.gov (United States)

    University of Rhode Island Geospatial Extension Program — Locations of city and town halls in Rhode Island. Derived using information originally compiled by the State of Rhode Island (http://www.ri.gov), and built upon...

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Point locations of cities and towns in Arizona., Published in 2006, Arizona State Land Department.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of 2006. It is described as 'Point locations of cities and towns in Arizona.'. Data by this publisher are often provided...

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages - City Limit (polygon)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Data available online through GeoStor at http://www.geostor.arkansas.gov. Arkansas Cities: This data set contains all of the city limit boundaries within the state...

  5. Cities and Towns of the United States - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. A city or town is a place with a recorded population,...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in unknown, Bayfield County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of unknown. Data by this publisher are often provided in Bayfield County Coordinates ft. coordinate system; in a Lambert...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in unknown, SWGRC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of unknown. Data by this publisher are often provided...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in unknown, Monroe County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of unknown. Data by this publisher are often provided in NAD_1983_HARN_WISCRS_Monroe_County_Feet coordinate system; in a...

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, County subdivisions, Published in 2006, Freelance.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006. It is described as 'County subdivisions'....

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, Towns and cities, Published in 2004, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Washington County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2004. It is described as...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, cities of reno & sparks, Published in 2006, Washoe County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006. It is described as 'cities of reno in a...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, City Limits, Published in 2014, Not Applicable scale, GIS.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at Not Applicable scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2014. It is described as 'City...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, CityBnd, Published in 2008, Millard County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as 'CityBnd'. Data by this publisher are...

  14. Coping with shrinkage in Europe's cities and towns

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hospers, G-J.

    2013-01-01

    An increasing number of cities and towns in Europe are facing population decline. In this article we focus on the challenges of this urban shrinkage process from a policy perspective. After a short review of the main causes and consequences of urban shrinkage in Europe, two common public policy resp

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, Corporate limits, Published in Not Provided, City of Aurora.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of Not Provided. It is described as 'Corporate limits'. Data...

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, Current boundaries of cities and towns within Iredell County, NC, Published in 2009, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Iredell County GIS.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated cities and towns in Elbert County, Georgia, Published in 2006, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Northeast Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006....

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated cities and towns in Walton County, Georgia, Published in 2007, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Northeast Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007....

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated cities and towns in Morgan County, Georgia, Published in 2007, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Northeast Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007....

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated cities and towns in Jasper County, Georgia, Published in 2006, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Northeast Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006....

  1. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Cities and Towns of the United States 201403 Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. A city or town is a place with a recorded population,...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, City limit boundaries for incorporated towns in Dickinson County, Published in 2009, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Dickinson County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, towns, Published in 2009, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Aspen & Pitkin County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  4. The Promise and Perils of the Island City of George Town (Penang as a Creative City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suet Leng Khoo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The peripheral and semi-peripheral roles of islands are being challenged and contested as contemporary island cities assume positions as engines of growth and become centres of progress for driving economic development. Notably, island cities around the globe have become instrumental in shaping and influencing the dynamics of urban development as cities now compete with each other to strategically position themselves in today’s competitive global economy that leverages creativity and innovation. Particularly in a creative economy, the availability, quantity, and quality of unique cultures; creative talents; and creative/cultural industries within a city are differentiating and determining factors that can boost a city’s position and subsequently spur economic growth and progress. Against this backdrop, this paper explores the position of the island city of George Town (Penang en route to becoming a Creative City. This paper highlights the island’s urban dynamics as well as discusses the promise and perils of transforming George Town into a Creative City in its own right.

  5. Coastal Waste Transport in Catbalogan City, Philippines and Nearby Towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronald L. Orale

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available More than half of Catbalogan barangays (villages are situated along the Maqueda Bay, the primary source of food for Samariños (people of Samar. Sixty percent of these coastal barangays have no direct access to waste disposal facilities such as garbage trucks and landfill. Almost 50% of domestic waste from these barangays is thrown directly to the sea, while 22% partly dispose their waste into Maqueda bay or a total of 7201 kg of waste daily. An improvised 3-dimensional micro-model shows how wastes are transported from one barangay to the other. The waste transport goes beyond barangay boundaries for many of waste travel to the coast of other municipalities and probably to other provinces. Approximately about 33% of fresh wastes float and are transported to other places, most of the remaining waste rot onsite making the site dark, dirty and has foul smell. Waste disposal practices of coastal towns/cities affects each other, therefore proper waste disposal practices must be widely practiced.

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, cities, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, city boundries, Published in 2007, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Rice County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 1991, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, City of Fort Wayne.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Uncorrected Imagery information as of 1991. Data...

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, Corporate limits, Published in 2008, Ellsworth Community College.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of 2008. It is described as 'Corporate limits'. Data by this publisher are often provided in UTM coordinate system; in a...

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, Corporate limits, Published in Not Provided, Benton County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of Not Provided. It is described as 'Corporate limits'. Data...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, Hubie's School of Learning.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of Not Provided. Data by this publisher are often...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, Southwest Georgia RDC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of Not Provided. Data by this publisher are often provided...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, political townships, Published in Not Provided, Wright County Assessor's Office.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of Not Provided. It is described as 'political townships'....

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Political townships, USPLS townships, Published in 2008, Harrison County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of 2008. It is described as 'Political townships, USPLS townships'. Data by this publisher are often provided in State...

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, Political townships, PLS townships, Published in unknown, Grinnell College.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of unknown. It is described as 'Political townships, PLS townships'. Data by this publisher are often provided in UTM...

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, Political townships, geographic townships, Published in 2008, Ellsworth Community College.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of 2008. It is described as 'Political townships, geographic townships'. Data by this publisher are often provided in UTM...

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, Political townships, Published in Not Provided, Calhoun County Assessor's Office.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of Not Provided. It is described as 'Political townships'....

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, Political townships, Published in Not Provided, Webster County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of Not Provided. It is described as 'Political townships'....

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, Windsor Ridge Garden Club.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of Not Provided. Data by this publisher are often provided...

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, southbridge forrest, Published in Not Provided, CPMC Mortgage.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of Not Provided. It is described as 'southbridge forrest'. The...

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages, Townships, Published in unknown, Cherokee County GIS.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of unknown. It is described as 'Townships'. Data by this publisher are often provided in State Plane coordinate system;...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2020, Smaller than 1:100000 scale, Crisp County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at Smaller than 1:100000 scale as of 2020. Data by this publisher are often provided in Not Applicable coordinate...

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, Wisconsin Dept. of Transportation.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of Not Provided. Data by this publisher are often provided in...

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, Bridgeland694, Published in 2002, Duchesne County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2002. It is described as 'Bridgeland694'. Data by this publisher...

  5. Cities and Towns of the United States - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities in the United States, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. These cities were collected from the 1970 National Atlas of the United...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, City parcels, Published in 2010, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, City of Taylor, Texas.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010....

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Boundaries for Incorporated towns in Dickinson County, Published in 2009, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Dickinson County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, town points 1, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, town lines 1, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  10. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Global Map: Cities and Towns of the United States 201403 Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes Global Map data showing cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The data are a modified version of...

  11. Global Map: Cities and Towns of the United States - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes Global Map data showing cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The data are a modified version of...

  12. Paired Border Towns or TwinCities from Finland and China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Riitta Kosonen; Xu Feng; Erja Kettunen

    2008-01-01

    This paper discusses cross-border cooperation at the level of urban socio-economic systems.Worldwide,cross-border urban cooperation has in several cases produced socio-economic and political coherence supported by various joint programs and efforts.However,the degree of coherence varies and seldom creates socio-economically and politically tightly integrated "TwinCities" where the state border becomes highly transparent or obscure.Focusing on Finland and China,our aim is to identify whether the selected border towns represent coherent TwinCities or a more loose type of "paired border towns".The study uses an empirical examination of three Finnish towns (Helsinki,Tomio,Imatra) and their neighboring towns in Estonia,Sweden,and Russia as a benchmark.Then,a comparative study is made regarding three Chinese eross-border cities facing Russia,Vietnam and Kazakhstan.We highlight the differences in cross-border integration from the viewpoint of shared public sector programs,cross-border enterprise relocation and networking,and integrated social sector in terms of labor market,education and shopping area.

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated town boundaries for all towns in the counties we serve., Published in 2000, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Prairie Land Electric COOP, Inc..

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2000. It...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 1950, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Office of Management and Budget.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1950....

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, City, Town , Village Boundaries from Tax Parcel data & boundary surveys, Published in unknown, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Columbia County Wisconsin Land Information Department.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of unknown....

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, INDOT.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of Not Provided. Data...

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, Talbotton, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, Cusseta, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, Shellman, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, Columbus, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages, Bluffton, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2013, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Dane County Land Information Office.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2013....

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Douglas County Plats, Published in 2010, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Douglas County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. It...

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, Municipal Boundaries, Published in 2013, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Brown County, WI.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2013. It...

  5. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2009, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Jasper County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2009. Data by this...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Eau Claire County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2008. Data by this...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2010, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Heart of Georgia Altamaha RC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010....

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, municipal topology, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, annexation, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, annexation policy, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2006, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Washoe County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006....

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2010, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Sauk County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2010. Data by this...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2011, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Sauk County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2011. Data by this...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, ctylmt, Published in 2002, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Grand County Road Department.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2002. It is described as...

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 1998, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, Person County GIS/IT.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1998. Data...

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Dodge County, Wisconsin.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008....

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, Countywide Political Townships, Published in 2007, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Crawford County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It...

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, Political Townships polygon, Published in unknown, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Shawnee County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of unknown....

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, MSA Professional Services.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of Not Provided. Data...

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in unknown, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Caldwell County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of unknown....

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Columbus County Tax Office.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2008. Data by this...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in unknown, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Stokes County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of unknown....

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 1995, Smaller than 1:100000 scale, Garrett County Planning & Land Development.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at Smaller than 1:100000 scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1995....

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, Hamilton, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  5. Cities, Towns and Villages, Woodland, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, Lumpkin, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Richland, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, Cuthbert, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, Shiloh, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, Municipal, Published in 2007, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Juab County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2007. It is described as...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Nephi, Published in 2007, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Juab County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2007. It is described as...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, Annexation, Published in 2007, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Juab County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2007. It is described as...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, Nephi annex, Published in 2007, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Juab County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2007. It is described as...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 1997, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Murray county Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1997....

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Rock County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008....

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Cedex Products.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of 2008. Data by...

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, 1884 Land & Cattle Company.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of 2008. Data by...

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2002, Smaller than 1:100000 scale, McIntosh Trail Regional Development Center.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at Smaller than 1:100000 scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2002. Data...

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, Georgetown, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2009, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Wood County Planning & Zoning.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009....

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2003, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Greenwood County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2003. Data by this...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 1998, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Greenwood County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1998....

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2002, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Southwest Georgia RDC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2002....

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2010, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Green Lake County, WI.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010....

  5. Cities, Towns and Villages, muncipality, Published in 2007, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Door County, Wisconsin.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, municipality shapefile, Published in 2007, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Door County, Wisconsin.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2005, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Florence County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2005....

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, It Management.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of 2008. Data by...

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, Junction City, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, City of Hawkinsville Political Boundary, Published in 2010, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Puslaski County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2010. It is...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Hutchinson, KS corporate boundaries (polygon), Published in 2004, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, City of Hutchinson.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2004. It is described...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, City Limts for All Municapalities, Published in 1990, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Pitt County GIS.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1990. It...

  13. The Analysis of Social Ecology and Physical Development Process of Cities (Towns Case Study: Alvand City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heshmati Ahmad

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims the analysis of immigration influence on Alvand city resident's economical and living situation and its subsequent effects on Alvand city's social structure and its ecology and even its adjacency to industrial Alborz city. This analysis focuses on Alvand city's physical development using the software techniques such as GIS and using population data resulted from immigration which effects its physical development. We have increasingly witnessed the job-looking based immigrations since 1966 to 2006 which appeared differently in social, physical and spatial structure. This alternation and newly different situation has been seen apparently. The president's economic situation and immigration issue which considered as the most essential factor resulting in the ecology movements concerning Alvand city's circumstances. Such a factor could be seen in cultural varieties in Alvand city. This study also analyzes the ecological factors such as the immigration, economical situation, ecological movements and its influence on physical development using the descriptive and correlational methods to prove whether there is a logical relation among varieties providing that this statement is confirmed, this relation will be able to describe and explain the correlations in the different forms. The results show that immigration has influenced the spatial distribution of social groups and physical development of Alvand city.

  14. RESEARCH ON BUILT ENVIRONMENTFORM IN CITY AND TOWN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙洪刚

    2001-01-01

    Aimed at the fading environment characteristics with globalization, this paper provided a new solution based on the conclusion of practical survey. The following steps are emphasized in the new methods:① the idea of holistic thinking;② the quantitative approach; and ③ the mixed development.

  15. Siting of nuclear power plants and administration in cities, towns and villages

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the siting problems, there are many explanations and documents from the side to construct nuclear power plants, but few which makes assertion from the side of accepting the plants. However, present difficulties in the siting problems of nuclear power plants cannot be solved if the assertion of the accepting side is neglected. The details from the start of the siting to now in Tsuruga city are described. It is tried to explain the situation with the documents expressing opinions, demands and petitions, and replies exchanged between Tsuruga city and the government, Fukui Prefecture, and the related power companies, and the related laws. The details include the failures and accidents of nuclear plants reported to date. The reasons why the mayors or headmen of towns or villages want to invite the nuclear power plants are that the development of their region can be expected, and favorable influence results in to the regional economy, and further they can cooperate with the national policy. However, opposition movements are the most embarrassing affairs for them, and it is due to the condition that they cannot give the satisfactory answer to the opposing people so far. They cannot but depend solely on the responsibility of the government to safety. On the organizations of cities, towns and villages accepting nuclear power plants and the influence on local community, detailed reports are presented using various documents on preparation, antidisaster plan, radiation monitoring organization, movement of population, the effects regarding tax system and finance, influence on the life of inhabitants and others. (Wakatsuki, Y.)

  16. Cities, Towns, Villages with 1990 Census Population (GNIS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data set contains points for 1600 populated places, cities and towns, in New Mexico. The points were generated from latitude and longitude coordinates...

  17. The fragmented and diffuse city Today: From the emotional city to the town of satisfaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Román-Alcalá

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article is not an attempt to return to old positions; it does not seek the lost paradise of feelings and sentiments that comprehend human relationships, but it does hope to scratch below the surface of consumption that shrouds the city today. Since the time of the ancient Greeks, one of the fundamental aims of philosophers has been to attain happiness. Today, however, that purpose is threatened. Happy people do not consume, but suffering, what is known in the advertising jargon as "post-shopping depression" has become the raw material for consumption.

  18. The fragmented and diffuse city Today: From the emotional city to the town of satisfaction

    OpenAIRE

    Ramón Román-Alcalá

    2014-01-01

    The article is not an attempt to return to old positions; it does not seek the lost paradise of feelings and sentiments that comprehend human relationships, but it does hope to scratch below the surface of consumption that shrouds the city today. Since the time of the ancient Greeks, one of the fundamental aims of philosophers has been to attain happiness. Today, however, that purpose is threatened. Happy people do not consume, but suffering, what is known in the advertising jargon as "post-s...

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, Unincorporated communties and towns within Sedgwick County. Includes burgs such as Peck and Furley. Used primarily to support Public Safety map rolls., Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Sedgwick County, Kansas.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008. It...

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, Unincorporated township boundaries for all towns in the counties we serve., Published in 2003, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Prairie Land Electric COOP, Inc..

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2003. It is...

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages, Municipal Boundaries and Annexations, Published in 2008, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, St Louis County Office of Emergency Management.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008. It...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, Pine Mountain, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Waverly Hall, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, Defined by colored boundary line, Published in 2009, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, WABASH COUNTY GOVERNMENT.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  5. Cities, Towns and Villages, All municipal boundaries for Walworth County, Published in 2013, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Walworth County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2013. It...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, Civil Boundaries, Published in 1997, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Lafayette County Land Records.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1997....

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Municipality Regions, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Lafayette County Land Records.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008....

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, Parcel Map Workfiles, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Lafayette County Land Records.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008....

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, This layer is compiled by using our USPLS GPS survey & updated when annexations occur, Published in 2013, Not Applicable scale, Chippewa County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at Not Applicable scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2013. It is...

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, Census Place boundaries, Published in 2006, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Georgia Department of Community Affairs.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2006. It...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Census Place boundaries, Published in 2000, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Georgia Department of Community Affairs.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2000. It...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, 6348 E. 82nd. St. Indianapolis, IN 46236, Published in 2010, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, builder/general contractor.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of 2010. It is described...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, 2 foot contours countywide, Published in 2011, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Sauk County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from LIDAR information as of 2011. It is described as...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Municipal-The data set is a polygon feature consisting of 53 segments representing municipal boundaries., Published in 1991, Davis County Utah.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1991. It is described as 'Municipal-The data set...

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, Subdivision-The data set is the subdivision polygon consisting of more than 3727 subdivisions., Published in 2005, Davis County Utah.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of 2005. It is described as 'Subdivision-The data set is...

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, Coffey County political townships, Published in 2010, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Coffey County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. It...

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, Contains all political townships for the State of Michigan, Published in 2009, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Office of Shared Solutions.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, Townships show the political townships in franklin county., Published in 1992, Franklin County G.I.S..

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 1992. It is described as 'Townships show the political...

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, Municipal Boundary, Published in 1992, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, LaCrosse County Zoning Planning & Land Information.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1992. It...

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, Municipal Boundary, Published in 1992, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, LaCrosse County Zoning Planning & Land Information.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1992. It...

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages, Census Place boundaries, Published in 2009, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Georgia Department of Community Affairs.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2009. It...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, Census Place boundaries, Published in 2002, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Georgia Department of Community Affairs.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2002. It...

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Census Place boundaries, Published in 2003, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Georgia Department of Community Affairs.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2003. It...

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, Census Place boundaries, Published in 2004, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Georgia Department of Community Affairs.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2004. It...

  5. Cities, Towns and Villages, Adams County Subdivisions, Published in 2007, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, MSA Professional Services.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, Adams Co MCD Boundaries, Published in 2005, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, MSA Professional Services.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2005. It...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Green County Subdivisions, Published in 2007, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, MSA Professional Services.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, Green Co MCD Boundaries, Published in 2005, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, MSA Professional Services.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2005. It...

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, Fort Gaines, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, Minor Civil Division polygons, Published in 2013, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Vernon County Wisconsin.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2013. It is described as...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, used gps to obtain data, Published in 2005, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Apache County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of 2005. It is...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, Richland Co MCD Boundaries, Published in 2005, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, MSA Professional Services.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2005. It...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, All Township Boundaries within Walworth County, Published in 2005, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Walworth County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2005. It...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Public Land Survey System, Published in 2005, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Door County, Wisconsin.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2005. It...

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, SubdivisionBndryAnno-The data set is the subdivision boundary text., Published in 1998, Davis County Utah.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of 1998. It is described as 'SubdivisionBndryAnno-The data...

  16. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Cities and Towns of the United States 200402 Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities in the United States, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. These cities were collected from the 1970 National Atlas of the United...

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, The origin feature class contains the geometry and attribution neccessary to deliniate all political jurisdictions within Yuma County., Published in 2008, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, City of Yuma.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008. It...

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, City boundary layers for Byron and Fort Valley Georgia as part of the GIS basemap at the Peach County Tax Assessor's office., Published in 2006, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Peach County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2006. It is described as...

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, City limit boundaries for all municipalities in Ben Hill, Brooks, Cook, Echols, Lanier, Irwin, Lowndes, Tift and Turner Counties., Published in 2010, 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, Southern Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. It...

  20. Study on agricultural structure and non-point source pollution: a case in Dapu Town of Yixing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiang Dongmei; Wang Xiyuan; Liu Minghui; Lu Genfa

    2006-01-01

    The water body of Taihu Lake has been eutrophicated because of area-source pollution. 83% of the total nitrogen and 84% of the total phosphorus of the pollutant that have washed into Taihu Lake originated from the fertilizer of crop land, rural animal husbandry and living sewage and rubbish in rural area. The goal of adjusting agricultural structure is to improve agricultural development, and to increase the peasants income by planting non-grain crop,centralizing animal husbandry, and intensifying aquaculture, etc, It is necessary to research on the influences of agriculture industrial structure on area-source pollution, This paper studies a case of Dapu Town in Yixing City, which is a typical drainage place beside Taihu Lake. On the basis of the analysis on the status quo of area-source pollution and agriculture industrial structure in Dapu Town, the conflicts between them are discussed. Non-grain crop production with a great deal of fertilizer and developing aquaculture with a great deal of organic pollutant, which are directly discharged,make area-source pollution more serious and accelerate the eutrophication in Taihu Lake. This paper suggests taking corresponding technological measures and policies, which have been tested in Dapu Town and demonstrated in Taihu Lake area.

  1. Spatial difference features and organization optimization of cities and towns in Tarim River Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    This paper analyzes the urban spatial structure of Tarim River Basin from the perspectives of urbanization, urban density, grading scales and spatial evolution patterns, using geographical theories and methods, such as fractal theory, principle component analysis, urbanization imbalance index, urban scale imbalance indicator, and urban spatial interaction. The results show that the urban spatial structure displays balanced distribution in the overall pattern, while an imbalanced distribution in each region. The development of town pattern tends to be gathering to the central towns in the oasis of Tarim River Basin and a development axis has begun to form along the southern Xinjiang railway. Based on the division of urban hinterland, and the development characteristics of oasis economy, this paper puts forward an urban spatial organization model. This model uses "breakpoint model" and divides Tarim River Basin into five urban clusters: Korla urban cluster, Kuqa urban cluster, Aksu urban cluster, Kashgar urban cluster and Hotan urban cluster. As a conclusion, this article puts forward an overall framework of urban spatial organization in Tarim River Basin: "one axis, double core, and five groups".

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, The City Limit was originally obtained from FEMA dataset in 2003 and continued to be updated based on DeKalb County tax map and City's deed and annexation., Published in 2010, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, City of Decatur.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2010. It is described as 'The...

  3. [MALARIA IMPORTATION BY RUSSIA'S CITIZENS AND FOREIGNERS, INTO THE CITIES AND TOWNS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baranova, A M; Guzeeva, T M; Ivanova, T N; Tanygina, E Yu; Morozova, L F

    2016-01-01

    A total of 436 malaria cases, including 12 from the CIS countries and 424 from far foreign countries (of Africa and Central and South-East Asia), were imported into the Russian Federation in 2010-2014. Most (96.6%) cases were notified in the urban areas of 52 administrative subjects of Russia. The largest number of the imported cases were seasonal workers (39.2%), tourists (31.3%), students and foreign postgraduate students (19.5%), and ship or aircraft crews (10%). During a short malaria transmission season (June to August), there were 150 cases of different types, out of them there were only 63 cases of tertian malaria (its pathogen is Plasmodium vivax, to which malaria mosquitoes of Russia's fauna are susceptible). The relatively small number of infection sources in the short transmission (June to August) season of malaria, its importation into low-susceptibility large towns, and a small proportion of imported vivax malaria cases substantially reduce the risk of malaria in the highrisk areas of the country.

  4. Expansion Strategy of Agricultural Industrial Chain of Suburban Villages and Towns in the Process of Urbanization——A Case Study of Yongle Town in Nanming District of Guiyang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of introducing the connotation of agricultural industrial chain, taking Yongle Town in Nanming District of Guiyang City as an example, this paper analyzes the advantages and constraint factors of the suburban villages and towns in the process of expanding agricultural industrial chain in the context of urbanization. Corresponding strategies of expanding the agricultural industrial chain of Yongle Town in the process of urbanization as follows: vigorously develop the leading enterprises; strengthen the construction of farmers’ specialized cooperatives and agricultural associations; build and perfect agricultural industrial chain organizations; set up the public information platform; rely on the food industrial park to propel the deep processing of agricultural products; vigorously develop the logistics of agricultural products; promote the development of operation model of "brand+ standard+ scale"; vigorously develop ecology-oriented rural tourism; give full play to the functional role of the government.

  5. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Global Map: Cities and Towns of the United States 201403 FileGDB 10.1

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes Global Map data showing cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The data are a modified version of...

  6. Bricolage: Re-Discovering History through Intermediality and Performance. A Report on the UCT/CityVarsity Production of "A Day, Across" at the Cape Town Fringe 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muftic, Sanjin

    2016-01-01

    "A Day, Across," performed by the CityVarsity School of Creative Arts at the Cape Town Fringe 2014, was a student production that investigated the link between the youth of South Africa and the centennial of the start of World War I. This paper presents a brief analysis of the rehearsal process as well as certain performance sequences in…

  7. Catalogue of good practice case studies in european towns and cities from 1995 to 2002; Catalogue des bonnes pratiques de villes europeennes de 1995 a 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-08-01

    Many towns and cities have already implemented sustainable local energy policies. This has also been the ''raison d'etre of Energie-Cites'', the association of European towns and cities that has been promoting sustainable local energy policies over the last ten years. Energie-Cites has a portfolio of about 400 European good practice case studies in sustainable local energy policies. The 3 to 5 page case studies provide complete information on the action carried out. After general information about the city and a brief introduction to the subject and its general context, the action is presented in detail: local players involved, costs, positive and negative evaluation, prospects and one or more local contacts. (A.L.B.)

  8. [Cities and towns of Perigord and Pays de Brive: functional and demographic approach (third quarter of the twentieth century). Part 3. Demographic growth and its components].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genty, M

    1981-01-01

    This is the third in a series of articles based on the author's thesis. In the present article, demographic growth and its components are examined for the cities and towns in the French regions of Perigord and Pays de Brive over the period 1954-1975. Particular attention is given to the impact of migration, and trends in age structure and socio-occupational composition are discussed.

  9. Designing colonial cities : the making of modern town planning in the Dutch East Indies and Indonesia 1905-1950

    OpenAIRE

    Roosmalen, P.K.M. van

    2011-01-01

    Far-reaching socio-economic changes caused by burgeoning private enterprise, in combination with new insights and demands in terms of hygiene, infrastructure, architecture and town planning; emerging anti-sentiments among growing numbers of indigenous inhabitants; and the direct confrontation of administrators with local issues: together these provided a prolific setting for the making of modern town planning in the Dutch East Indies in the fi rst half of the twentieth century.

  10. Tables of standardized mortality ratio for cancer in cities, towns and villages in Japan (1973-1987)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report contains tables of standardized mortality ratio(SMR) for cancer in cities, towns and villages in Japan. A survey is made only on several kinds of cancer which has (or possibly has) a relation to radiation, such as all malignant neoplasms, leukemia, acute non-lymphocytic leukemia, malignant lymphoma, non-hodgkin lymphoma(NHL), multiple myeloma, and malignant neoplasms of the lung and the thyroid. It is conducted by sex and by time period not only on all age group but also on age group from 0 to 24 (except malignant neoplasms of the lung and the thyroid) because raise of leukemia onset rate of the younger generation in peripheral area of reprocessing facilities becomes a problem. The term of survey is from 1973 to 1987 and divided into the whole term and every five years on available statistical data of dynamic population. SMR is calculated on each term by sex and municipalities. The results are shown on the tables. This report consists of 7 volumes. The volume No. 1 contains tables of SMR for all malignant neoplasms. (J.P.N.)

  11. Microbial quality of selected sandwiches sold at retail outlets of fast food shops in Dhaka city and Mymensingh town of Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    Nazmul Hoque; S.M. Lutful Kabir; M. Mufizur Rahman; M. Shahidur Rahman Khan

    2012-01-01

    the experiment was designed to undertake a study on the sanitary quality of commercial fast foods sold at retail outlets of fast food shops in Dhaka city and Mymensingh town of Bangladesh. One hundred sandwiches were subjected to bacteriological examinations. The mean values of total viable count (TVC), total coliform count (TCC) and total staphylococcal count (TSC) in wrapped and unwrapped samples of pre-microwave oven and post-microwave oven fast foods were determined. In pre-microwave oven...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, Columbia, Maryland Neighborhoods and Villages boundaries - Columbia tax id records joined the state assessment data. Parcels are merged by neighborhood., Published in 2009, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Howard County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, Civil Townships for joining with available demographic data, Published in 2006, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Indiana Business Research Center (IBRC), Indiana University.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2006. It...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Census Municipal Boundaries for joining with available demographic data, Published in 2006, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Indiana Business Research Center (IBRC), Indiana University.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2006. It...

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, Based on County Assessor Tax Rate Areas, Published in 2006, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, SDSU Research Foundation Center for Homeland Security.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006. It...

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, This dataset is a boundary file that contains all the Incorporated Areas within the MCCOG MPA., Published in 2000, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Madison County Council of Governments.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2000. It is described as...

  17. Partnering for Economic Development: How Town-Gown Relations Impact Local Economic Development in Small and Medium Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massey, Jennifer; Field, Sean; Chan, Yolande

    2014-01-01

    Universities play an increasingly prominent role in shaping regional, social, and economic development. In Canada, however, spatial, economic, and social differences between universities and their host communities continue to challenge positive town--gown relationships and undermine the benefits associated with high concentrations of prospective…

  18. Designing colonial cities : the making of modern town planning in the Dutch East Indies and Indonesia 1905-1950

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roosmalen, P.K.M. van

    2011-01-01

    Far-reaching socio-economic changes caused by burgeoning private enterprise, in combination with new insights and demands in terms of hygiene, infrastructure, architecture and town planning; emerging anti-sentiments among growing numbers of indigenous inhabitants; and the direct confrontation of adm

  19. Gonad, bone marrow and effective dose to the population of more than 90 towns and cities of Iran, arising from environmental gamma radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 1996 the assessment of environmental gamma radiation dose in residential areas of Iranian towns and cities has been accomplished for 10 counties. As a practical method and based on the results of a pilot study, in order to attribute the final results to the whole residential area of a town five stations were selected for every town. The location of individual station was studied closely to comply with recommended conditions in the literature. Materials and Methods: RDS-110 was employed to measure gamma dose rate for one hour. Average annual dose rates plus conversion coefficients were employed to estimate gonad, bone marrow, equivalent and effective dose. Result: Minimum and maximum annual bone marrow and gonad dose equivalent attributed to environmental gamma are 0.24 mSvy-1 (for both tissues) and 1.44 and 1.46 mSvy-l, respectively. Conclusion: Average gonad and bone marrow doses for North Khorasan, Boshehr and Hormozgan provinces were less than the corresponding values for normal area.

  20. Preliminary Analysis on Environmental Impact of Relocation of Cities and Towns in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region%三峡工程库区城镇迁建环境影响初步分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUE; Lian-fang

    2001-01-01

    At the normal pool level of 175 m, the inundated areas of the Three Gor ges Reservoir involve 2 cities, 11 county seats and 140 towns. The population o f the cities and towns under the inundated line totals 393 000 people(1985). The se affected cities and towns will be rebuilt by means of moving back ward to a higher elevation or to other places.The cities and towns to be relocated are the regional political, economic and cu ltural centres, and serve as traffic complexes and places of goods gathering and dist ributing. They are also the seats containing some important cultural re lics and historic sites, landscaping and scenic spots. The relocation of the cit ies and towns will generate far-reaching impacts on regional socio-economy and e nvironment. The unreasonable excavation and fill or the improper protective meas ures adopted may induce land slide,collapse and soil loss. The ruins a nd wastes will affect the water quality in the early period of impoundment of th e Three Gorges Reservoir. A large demand of timber may result in forest fa ll excessively in the local area of the reservoir region, and lower forest and vegetation coverage rate may lead to soil loss. The relocation of the cities an d towns will increase urbanization in reservoir, improve the infrastructure, enh ance their location function and economic radiation capacity. The negative impa ct will r each its maximum during relocation peak period, and the environmental quality wi ll be progressively improved with the recovery of the functions of the relocated cities and towns and the implementation of environmental protection measures. F inally, the negative impact will be offset, and the negative impact will be chan ged into positive environmental elements.

  1. Study tours. Come and get a whole set of ideas in 14 european towns and cities; Study tours. Venez faire le plein d'idees neuves dans 14 villes d'Europes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    The European towns and cities which have been selected by Energie-Cites are all members of Energie-Cites and have for many years been involved in innovative projects in the field of energy (energy efficiency, renewable and distributed energy). To acquire a better understanding of how these projects came into being and, why not, use them as a source of inspiration for a municipality? During two days, Energie-Cites proposes to take deciders to the city of their choice. Tours include site visits as well as meetings with local political and technical stakeholders. These study tours are specifically intended for elected representatives and municipal officers in charge of energy matters, Local Agenda 21, town planning and environmental issues (30 persons as a max. per visit). A 14 typical visit is provided for each town or city, in this document. (A.L.B.)

  2. 42 Aluminum Plants Closed at Dali Town,Foshan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>According to domestic media, Dali Town,which accounted for nearly one third of domestic total output of aluminum products,has started the energy-saving and emission-reducing campaign since last July.

  3. From cities and towns to urban networks in Germany – intra regional competition versus regional co-operation and inter regional competitiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernhard Mueller

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available For many decades of the 20th century particular cities and towns were understood as integral parts of national and international urban systems. For many years the theory on central places and hierarchy of central places, first developed by Christaller and amended by Loesch, had a decisive influence on spatial research and regional development policies with guiding principles for urbanisation and the development of settlement patterns. However it is becoming ever more evident, that the planned effects of concepts for harmonising intra- and inter-regional differences were not reached. Moreover, inter-regional competition between neighbouring municipalities, as well as modern life styles and residential choices have caused the emergence of new settlement structures with dispersed spatial patterns and string functional ties. It is also true, that urban networking isn’t an easy task and that it inherently carries numerous obstacles.

  4. Leadership Strategies in Promoting the Image of the Mayors on the Websites of Sector Town Halls and of Bucharest City Hall

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viorica PĂUȘ

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The research deals with the leadership strategies used by the mayors of the six sectors and the General Mayor of Bucharest in order to represent and promote the organizational image and their own image. The success, performance and competitiveness of sector town halls and Bucharest City Hall also depend on the quality of leadership and the leaders’ ability to use appropriate, attractive and customized online communication strategies in order to inform the citizens and achieve their electoral goals. This research has the following objectives: (a to identify the online strategies used by the seven mayors-leaders; (b to identify the salience of tactics used by the seven mayors; (c to identify the ethos categories within the mayors’ online messages.

  5. Reggio Emilia between town planning and facts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Rosa Ronzoni

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Reggio Emilia can boast an old and well-established tradition in town-planning. Important city planners and architects, who have contributed to signify town planning during the period of the functionalism have worked to develop and to transform Reggio Emilia’s area. Reggio Emilia belongs to one of the Italian city most involved to test new experiences as citizen’s participation in planning’s processes or to use in a systematic way tools as mobility plan or historical centre plan. What is the contribution due to regional laws and what to local people’s character, persons with a lively imagination and a passion for testing all what is new? Has been able that plans and ideas to form city’s areas as they meant?

  6. WIND DAMAGE ON TREES FOLLOWING HURRICANE SANDY AND IMPLICATIONS FOR CITY LANDSCAPING: GLEN RIDGE – MONTCLAIR TOWNS, NEW JERSEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FAITH JUSTUS

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Glen Ridge is a small municipality in the Northern New Jersey with a significant number of huge trees lining majority of its streets. The trees have been subject to a wide range of natural and artificial stresses, one being the strong wind associated with superstorm Sandy. On 29th October 2012, a windstorm of extreme intensity struck the Tristate region and brought havoc to the tree population including those in Glen Ridge. A survey was conducted immediately after the storm to collect quantitative information on fallen tree population. The study aimed at understanding the spatial extent of wind damage on trees with reference to location, trunk diameter and soil characteristics. A total of 51 fallen trees with a mean trunk diameter of 100.4 centimetres along streets in study area were surveyed. High damage was noted on trees in Glen Ridge (29 trees while streets transitioning to Montclair had 22 fallen trees. Majority of the surveyed trees were found on USBOO soils (49%, which are characterised as disturbed urban soils with Boonton substratum-Boonton complexes. BowrB soils had 27.5%, Boob 13.7%, BowrC 7.8% and USDUNB 2.0% of fallen trees. A need for city wide tree inventorying and species mapping is identified as a management implication to further enhance the historical value of the city. Other measures are discussed with a view of engaging appropriate local management partnerships and coordination frameworks to play a role in protecting the remaining large trees.

  7. Sundown Town to "Little Mexico": Old-Timers and Newcomers in an American Small Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    McConnell, Eileen Diaz; Miraftab, Faranak

    2009-01-01

    For more than a century, communities across the United States legally employed strategies to create and maintain racial divides. One particularly widespread and effective practice was that of "sundown towns," which signaled to African Americans and others that they were not welcome within the city limits after dark. Though nearly 1,000 small…

  8. Transport of atmospheric NOx and HNO3 over Cape Town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. J. Abiodun

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Cape Town, the most popular tourist city in Africa, usually experiences air pollution with unpleasant odour in winter. Previous studies have associated the pollution with local emission of pollutants within the city. The present study examines the transport of atmospheric pollutants (NOx and HNO3 over South Africa and shows how the transport of pollutants from the Mpumalanga Highveld may contribute to the pollution in Cape Town. The study analysed observation data (2001–2008 from Cape Town air quality network and simulation data (2001–2004 from regional climate model (RegCM4 over southern Africa. The simulation accounts for the influence of complex topography, atmospheric condition, and atmospheric chemistry on emission and transport of pollutants over southern Africa. Flux budget analysis was used to examine whether Cape Town is a source or sink for NOx and HNO3 during the extreme pollution events. The results show that extreme pollution events over Cape Town are associated with the low-level (surface–850 hPa transport of NOx from the Mpumalanga Highveld to Cape Town, and with a tongue of high concentration of HNO3 that extends from the Mpumalanga Highveld to Cape Town along the south coast of South Africa. The prevailing atmospheric conditions during the extreme pollution events feature an upper-level (700 hPa anticyclonic flow over South Africa and a low-level col over Cape Town. The anticyclonic flow induces a strong subsidence motion, which prevents vertical mixing of the pollutants and caps high concentration of pollutants close to the surface as they are transported from the Mpumalanga Highveld toward Cape Town, while the col accumulates the pollutants over the city. This study shows that Cape Town can be a sink for the NOx and HNO3 during extreme pollution events and suggests that the accumulation of pollutants transported from other areas (e.g. Mpumalanga Highveld may contribute substantially to the air pollution in Cape Town.

  9. Unconscious life of old town: a psychoanalytic study of Edinburgh’s historic city

    OpenAIRE

    Hyllen, Klas Harry Jack

    2012-01-01

    This thesis primarily considers the notion of “museumisation” in the context of the Old Town; Edinburgh’s historic city. It argues that the city has suffered a series of collective traumas which has left it in a state of urban stagnation where the romanticism of history has become Old Town’s raison d’être. This claim has been explored on two fronts; first, a body of text outlining a literary argument rooted in theory, and second, emerging from the first, a body of creative work...

  10. Economic analysis and prospective simulation in the low carbon town planing. Application of TRANUS+ model to Grenoble city

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Strategic spatial planning in France is currently given a rising importance for environmental and climate issues. Is this tool really able to reduce urban sprawl and produce an efficient framework for reducing transport emissions? What are the potential contributions of economic analysis and prospective modelling to planning? To answer these questions, we developed a study on the contributions of economic tools to planning into the broader context of political and administrative reforms in France. We then produced a critical analysis of current planning practices and attempted to define the conditions for a better integration of economic analysis into planning processes and methods. For our case study on the Grenoble urban area, we built and applied a series of economic tools able to inform decision-making on local climate policies in the framework of urban planning. In addition to being the first implementation of the integrated transport - land-use model TRANUS in France, this study further links the TRANUS model to an original economic methodology to obtain a tool we call TRANUS+. This tool is able to take into account the systemic nature of cities and then help to define better transport policies, notably by producing marginal abatement cost curves useful at the urban level. To have a more complete view of urban planning and the way in which it can be improved, we investigated several issues from a planning perspective: the choice of modelling tool and the role of cost-benefit analysis, energy poverty in the transport sector and electric vehicle deployment. (author)

  11. Microbial quality of selected sandwiches sold at retail outlets of fast food shops in Dhaka city and Mymensingh town of Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazmul Hoque

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available the experiment was designed to undertake a study on the sanitary quality of commercial fast foods sold at retail outlets of fast food shops in Dhaka city and Mymensingh town of Bangladesh. One hundred sandwiches were subjected to bacteriological examinations. The mean values of total viable count (TVC, total coliform count (TCC and total staphylococcal count (TSC in wrapped and unwrapped samples of pre-microwave oven and post-microwave oven fast foods were determined. In pre-microwave oven the TVC, TCC and TSC were log 6.36, log 3.42 and log 4.21 respectively. similarly in post-microwave oven the TVC, TCC and TSC were log 4.89, log 2.60 and log 3.03 respectively. The role of packaging and heat treatment prior to sale on the bacterial changes of the fast foods were demonstrated. It was observed that the values of TVC of all fast food samples except post-microwave oven treated McDonald’s; Pizza and Ruma were higher than the maximum microbial limit. In TCC and TSC all values were higher than the maximum limit. The degree of initial contamination in fast food samples which may pose health hazard to public health has been discussed. It was concluded that the hygienically packaged fast foods and microoven treatment prior to sale would retain the best quality attributes required for consumer’s acceptability and safety.  

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, The MGRC participates in the Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS) on behalf of its local governments and in partnership with the GA Dept of Community Affairs., Published in 2000, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Middle Georgia RC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2000. It...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, File name = BORDERLINES. County boundary also contains bounds for Aberdeen Proving Ground and the municipalities of Havre de Grace, Bel Air, & Aberdeen. http://www.harfordcountymd.gov/gis/Index.cfm, Published in 2010, 1:9600 (1in=800ft) scale, Harford County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:9600 (1in=800ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. It...

  14. LONG RANGE CORRELATION OF AIR POLLUTION BETWEEN CHENGDU CITY AND ITS SURROUNDING TOWNS%基于DCCA方法的成都市市区与周边城镇大气污染长程相关性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史凯; 刘春琼; 吴生虎

    2014-01-01

    利用2008年1月~2012年12月期间成都市市区与其周边14个城镇的逐日空气污染指数(API)数据,采用去趋势互相关分析法(DCCA分析)研究区域城市间大气污染的相关性及其随时间演变规律.结果表明:成都市区与其周边城镇大气污染的空气污染存在一定程度的相关性,并且在不同的月份,相关性会随之发生变化.这种相关性具有长期持续特征,具体表现为在一定的时间尺度上成都市区与其周边城镇大气污染的相关性随时间的变化并不遵循经典的马尔可夫过程,即不随时间呈现指数快速衰减,而是以幂律形式随时间缓慢衰减.进一步,结合不同月份间区域大气平均流场的分布特征,探讨了DCCA分析结果的科学性.研究结果说明,在特定地理环境和气象条件控制下,成都市及其周边城市之间已经存在明显的相互输送和耦合作用,成都地区大气污染已由局地性污染转变为区域性大气污染.城市间污染物输送的长期相关影响机制极有可能在特定月份加重成都市区的空气污染状况,这在成都市区及其周边城镇的规划建设中必须加以特别重视.%We aims to report the cross-correlation characteristics and the temporal evolution properties of air pollution between Chengdu City and 14 surrounding towns.In this study,we collected the daily air pollution index (API) data of Chengdu City and 14 surrounding towns provided by Sichuan Provincial Environmental Monitoring Center.The 5 years regular monitoring data,from Jan.1 2008 to Dec.31 2012,were analyzed by using the detrended cross-correlation analysis (DCCA) method.The DCCA exponent quantitatively measures the cross-correlation of two series in terms of long-term cross-correlation exists.The results show that the relationships of air pollution between Chengdu City and its surrounding towns display a long range cross-correlation at the time scale ranging from one day to 5 years.The long

  15. Enhanced treatment of polluted river water in cities and towns by pneumatic flocculation%气动絮凝强化处理城镇污染河水

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李树金; 王三反; 薛广雷

    2012-01-01

    为减轻水体污染,缓解环境压力,对典型城镇污染河水进行气动絮凝实验研究。在设定的实验条件下,以某大学中水站格栅后生活污水稀释配制的水样来模拟典型城镇污染河水并作为实验研究对象,以无机高分子聚合物聚合氯化铁铝(PFAC)为絮凝剂,有机高分子聚合物聚丙烯酰胺(PAM)为助凝剂。在此基础上,以浊度、COD、总磷和溶解氧为测定指标,采用连续流的方式进行一系列实验研究。实验结果显示:采用微孔曝气头进行曝气,当混合阶段充气量及絮凝池第一格、第二格充气量分别为1.778 m3空气/m3处理污水量、1.444 m3空气/m3处理污水量和0.622 m3空气/m3处理污水量时,城镇污染河水中污染物的去除效果最佳。其浊度、COD、TP的去除率可分别达93.6%、68.6%和73.5%。此外,在处理效果良好的前提下,沉淀池出水口出水溶解氧含量均能保持在2.29 mg/L左右。%In order to alleviate the water pollution,ease the pressure on the environment,the experiment of pneumatic flocculation was applied in the polluted river water of typical cities and towns.Under the conditions of setting experiment,the polluted river water of typical cities and towns which was simulated by diluted sewage water from some university's reclaimed water station grid as study object,inorganic high polymer polymerization ferric chloride aluminum(PFAC) as flocculant agent,organic high polymer polyacrylamide(PAM) as coagulant agent.On this basis,setting turbidity,COD,total phosphorus and DO as index,a series of experiments were conducted in the continuous flow way.The experimental results show that when using microporous aeration,the aeration levels of mixed stage,the first stage of flocculation and the second stage were 1.778,1.444,0.622 m3 air/m3 processing wastewater quantity,respectively,the removal effect of pollutants in sewage water was the best.The turbidity,COD and total

  16. [Carbon emissions and low-carbon regulation countermeasures of land use change in the city and town concentrated area of central Liaoning Province, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xi, Feng-ming; Liang, Wen-juan; Niu, Ming-fen; Wang, Jiao-yue

    2016-02-01

    Carbon emissions due to land use change have an important impact on global climate change. Adjustment of regional land use patterns has a great scientific significance to adaptation to a changing climate. Based on carbon emission/absorption parameters suitable for Liaoning Province, this paper estimated the carbon emission of land use change in the city and town concentrated area of central Liaoning Province. The results showed that the carbon emission and absorption were separately 308.51 Tg C and 11.64 Tg C from 1997 to 2010. It meant 3.8% of carbon emission. was offset by carbon absorption. Among the 296.87 Tg C net carbon emission of land use change, carbon emission of remaining land use type was 182.24 Tg C, accounting for 61.4% of the net carbon emission, while the carbon emission of land use transformation was 114.63 Tg C, occupying the rest 38.6% of net carbon emission. Through quantifying the mapping relationship between land use change and carbon emission, it was shown that during 1997-2004 the contributions of remaining construction land (40.9%) and cropland transform ation to construction land (40.6%) to carbon emission were larger, but the greater contributions to carbon absorption came from cropland transformation to forest land (38.6%) and remaining forest land (37.5%). During 2004-2010, the land use types for carbon emission and absorption were the same to the period of 1997-2004, but the contribution of remaining construction land to carbon emission increased to 80.6%, and the contribution of remaining forest land to carbon absorption increased to 71.7%. Based on the carbon emission intensity in different land use types, we put forward the low-carbon regulation countermeasures of land use in two aspects. In carbon emission reduction, we should strict control land transformation to construction land, increase the energy efficiency of construction land, and avoid excessive development of forest land and water. In carbon sink increase, we should

  17. [Carbon emissions and low-carbon regulation countermeasures of land use change in the city and town concentrated area of central Liaoning Province, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xi, Feng-ming; Liang, Wen-juan; Niu, Ming-fen; Wang, Jiao-yue

    2016-02-01

    Carbon emissions due to land use change have an important impact on global climate change. Adjustment of regional land use patterns has a great scientific significance to adaptation to a changing climate. Based on carbon emission/absorption parameters suitable for Liaoning Province, this paper estimated the carbon emission of land use change in the city and town concentrated area of central Liaoning Province. The results showed that the carbon emission and absorption were separately 308.51 Tg C and 11.64 Tg C from 1997 to 2010. It meant 3.8% of carbon emission. was offset by carbon absorption. Among the 296.87 Tg C net carbon emission of land use change, carbon emission of remaining land use type was 182.24 Tg C, accounting for 61.4% of the net carbon emission, while the carbon emission of land use transformation was 114.63 Tg C, occupying the rest 38.6% of net carbon emission. Through quantifying the mapping relationship between land use change and carbon emission, it was shown that during 1997-2004 the contributions of remaining construction land (40.9%) and cropland transform ation to construction land (40.6%) to carbon emission were larger, but the greater contributions to carbon absorption came from cropland transformation to forest land (38.6%) and remaining forest land (37.5%). During 2004-2010, the land use types for carbon emission and absorption were the same to the period of 1997-2004, but the contribution of remaining construction land to carbon emission increased to 80.6%, and the contribution of remaining forest land to carbon absorption increased to 71.7%. Based on the carbon emission intensity in different land use types, we put forward the low-carbon regulation countermeasures of land use in two aspects. In carbon emission reduction, we should strict control land transformation to construction land, increase the energy efficiency of construction land, and avoid excessive development of forest land and water. In carbon sink increase, we should

  18. Terrace Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabin, Heather

    2010-01-01

    The "Terrace Town" program brings architecture and city planning curriculum to elementary schools in Madison, Wisconsin, and surrounding areas. Over eight weeks, classrooms discuss what makes a community livable, sustainable, and kid-friendly. Throughout the process, students gain a better understanding of their own city environments and propose…

  19. TIGER/Line Shapefile, 2015, nation, U.S., Current Combined New England City and Town Area (CNECTA) National Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The TIGER/Line shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...

  20. TIGER/Line Shapefile, 2016, nation, U.S., Current Combined New England City and Town Area (CNECTA) National

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The TIGER/Line shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...

  1. TIGER/Line Shapefile, 2016, nation, U.S., Current New England City and Town Area (NECTA) National

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The TIGER/Line shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...

  2. TIGER/Line Shapefile, 2015, nation, U.S., Current New England City and Town Area (NECTA) National Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The TIGER/Line shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...

  3. ZHOUZHUANG, A "TOWN IN LAKES"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Zhouzhuang Town islocated in thesouthwestern part ofKunshan City,neighboring WujiangCity, Suzhou City andQingpu District ofShanghai City, andsurrounded by ChengLake, Changbai Lake,Dianshan Lake, BaiyiLake and South Lake, asknown as a "town in lakes".

  4. Study on Life Type and List of Bryophytes of Qixingguan Old Town in Bijie City%毕节市七星关老城区苔藓植物名录及生活型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋洁云; 朱娟; 张梦秋

    2016-01-01

    In order to provide a reference for other research and conservation urban bryophytes resources,this paper prepared lsit of bryophytes of Qixingguan Old Town in Bijie City and analyzed their life type.%该文编制了毕节市七星关老城区苔藓植物名录,并分析了其生活型类型,为毕节城区植物资源信息库补充资料以及苔藓植物资源的其它研究和保护提供参考依据。

  5. The Spatial Structures and Town Planning of Industrial Cities in Modern Britain(1848-1939)%近代英国工业城市的空间结构与城市规划(1848-1939)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁远; 刘金源

    2015-01-01

    以曼彻斯特、伯明翰和利兹为代表的新型工业城市在空间结构方面体现出鲜明特征:随着新型工业建筑的出现,土地功能实现区分;各类建筑交叉林立,城市布局混乱;新的社会阶层居所分离形成。这种空间结构特征,使得工业城市中的“城市病”问题尤为突出。在英国19世纪中叶兴起的近代城市规划运动中,工业城市积极开展规划实践,空间结构得到合理重组,“城市病”得以缓解,城市面貌显著改观。%As the new type of cities,industrial cities,represented by Manchester,Birmingham and Leeds,embodied unique spatial structures:the land’ s functional classification was formed with the appearance of new industrial buildings,the architec-tural layout took on a chaotic look because of the mixture of various kinds of buildings and the new residential segregation of different classes emerged as well. These structural features resulted in especially serious“urban diseases” in industrial cities. During the modern town planning movement since the mid-19th century,industrial cities actively carried out planning prac-tices. As the achievement of town planning,the spatial structures of industrial cities have been reasonably re-organized,“ur-ban diseases” have been relieved and cities’ appearance has been remarkably improved as well.

  6. A FURTHER LATIN INSCRIPTION AND AN AMPHORA IN CAPE TOWN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.B. Saddington

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In a former volume of this journal I described a Latin inscription in the Cape Town Museum (Akroterion XLVI [2001] 99f..
    On a subsequent visit to the city, I went to the Wine Museum on the Groot Constantia estate.2 I was interested to find two Roman objects there, an inscription and an amphora.

  7. Emerging Societal Involvement in City Management : the case of Cape Town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neil Dewar

    1999-02-01

    Full Text Available Since the advent of full participatory democracy in South Africa in April 1994, a fundamental revision of the norms, values and practices of urban management has occurred. A central feature of this is expressed commitment to greater transparency and public participation in decision-making and project execution. Manegerial practice has moved from being essentially technocratic and control-oriented to more pluralistic and development-oriented. The previously disenfranchised and largely impoverished sectors of the community have moved from exclusion and confrontation toward greater involvement and empowerment. This has not been without problems however. The current status of community participation in Cape Town is reviewed and explored against a theoretical model. The conclusion drawn is that, political impediments notwithstanding, a considerable energy and momentum has been generated at local level in civil society towards the goal of improvement in social and living environments in the city.

  8. An Ecological View of the History of the City of Cape Town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick J. O'Farrell

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Rapid global urbanization and the knowledge that ecological systems underpin the future sustainability and resilience of our cities, make an understanding of urban ecology critical. The way humans engage with ecological processes within cities is highly complex, and both from a social and ecological perspective these engagements cannot be interpreted meaningfully on the basis of a single timeframe. Historical analyses offer useful insights into the nature of social-ecological interactions under diverse conditions, enabling improved decision-making into the future. We present an historical review of the evolving relationship between the urban settlement of Cape Town and the ecological processes inherent to its natural surroundings. Since its establishment, the people of Cape Town have been acutely aware of, and exploited, the natural resources presented by Table Mountain and its surrounding wilderness area. An examination of this pattern of engagement, explored through an ecological process lens, in particular drawing on the terminology provided by the ecosystem services framework, reflects a journey of the changing needs and demands of a growing urban settlement. Ecological processes, and their ensuing flow of ecosystem services, have been exploited, overexploited, interrupted, reestablished, conserved, and variably valued through time. Processes of significance, for example water provision, soil erosion, the provision of wood and natural materials, and the role of fire, are presented. This historical analysis documents the progression from a wilderness to a tamed and largely benign urban environment. Evident is the variable valuing of ecosystem service attributes through time and by different people, at the same time, dependent on their immediate needs.

  9. Recent development of Slovene towns - social structure and transformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dejan Rebernik

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available In Slovene towns and urban areas several processes of social transformation and change have been present in the last decade. As a consequence of political and economic transition increased social differentiation resulted in increased social segregation in urban areas. Some areas such as high-rise housing estates and part of older inner city areas were affected by social degradation and concentration of low-income population and ethnical minorities. In some parts of inner cities processes of reurbanisation and gentrification are taking place. However, the degree of social segragation is lower than in the cities of most transitional countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

  10. 河南农村人口就地向城镇转移成本研究%The Cost of rural population transfer to local cities and towns in Henan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭荣胜

    2014-01-01

    The short-term cost for population transfer to local cities and towns of a standard rural househood in Henan province is 33650.9 yuan, while the long-term cost (Total cost) is 69658.6 yuan. From the view of structure, the compulsory education cost, affordable housing cost, and the city management cost is the main expenditure. Although the city management cost accounted a large percentage, this spending is a slow release process (until the death of residents), thus the annual expenditure is not so much. In the short term, The main parts of expenditure are children's education and affordable housing, which need to be paid in a few years by the government after the rural population transferred to the towns or cities. The incremental cost of short-term in Henan province is 0 because of Urban-rural integration of endowment and medical insurance, while in the long run, the rural population transfer to towns can still reduce the spending of government.%河南农村一个“标准户”就地向城镇转移的短期成本为35650.9元,长期成本(总成本)为69658.6元。从构成上看,义务教育成本、保障性住房成本与城市管理费用成本是主要支出。尽管城市管理费用成本的占比很大,但这项支出是一个缓慢释放的过程(一直持续到居民死亡),每年的支出并不多。就短期而言,子女教育和保障性住房则是最主要支出,需要政府在农村人口进城后的前几年予以支付。由于河南在养老保险与医疗保险方面已经实现了城乡一体化,所以短期的成本增量为0,但从长期看,农村人口向城镇转移还可以降低政府在这方面的支出。

  11. Empirical Study on the Will of Farmland Transfer among Different Farmer Groups——A Sampling Survey on 42 Counties and Cities,64 Towns and 74 Villages in Jiangxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Taking Jiangxi Province as an example,on the basis of the sampling survey on 42 counties and cities,64 towns and 74 villages in Jiangxi Province,the will of farmland transfer among different farmer groups with different income levels,different ages,and different educational backgrounds,is analyzed.The research indicates that as for middle-income or high-income groups,leaving home to seek jobs elsewhere is the most principal factor impacting farmland transfer,while as for low-income group,the price of agricultural products is an important factor impacting farmers’ land cultivation;permanent urban residence certificate is no longer the principal factor causing farmers’ land transfer,and it tends to be rational for farmers to abandon farmland.

  12. Can Cape Town's unique biodiversity be saved? Balancing conservation imperatives and development needs

    OpenAIRE

    Julia Wood; Rebelo, Anthony G; Clifford Dorse; Patricia M. Holmes

    2012-01-01

    Cape Town is an urban hotspot within the Cape Floristic Region global biodiversity hotspot. This city of 2,460 km² encompasses four local centers of fynbos plant endemism, 19 national terrestrial vegetation types (six endemic to the city), wetland and coastal ecosystems, and 190 endemic plant species. Biodiversity in the lowlands is under threat of extinction as a result of habitat loss to agriculture, urban development, mining, and degradation by invasive alien plants. Cape Town's popul...

  13. The Left - behind Women Image in the Jiangnan Modern City and Town Culture%现代江南市镇文学中的留守女性形象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余连祥

    2012-01-01

    The modern writers' writings on Jiangnan city and town culture have constructed Jiangnan modern city and town literature. The left - behind women images in such literature are chiefly represen- ted by Shuangxi's wife in Xu Qinwen's novelA Mad Woman, Xiangmei in Xu Jie's novel Da Baizhi , Juying and Her Mother in Wang Luyan's novel Juying's Marriage and Aunt A Zhi in Under the Roof, Jin Peizhuang in Ye Shaojun's novel Ni Huanzhi, etc. Among those women, only Jin Peizhuang is a new educated woman and all the others are traditional women with tragic fates.%现代作家对现代江南市镇文化的文学书写,建构了现代江南市镇文学。此类文学中的留守女性形象系列,主要有许钦文小说《疯妇》中的双喜媳妇、许杰小说《大白纸》中的香妹、王鲁彦小说《菊英的出嫁》中的菊英母女和《屋顶下》中的阿芝婶、叶绍钧小说《倪焕之》中的金佩璋等。这些留守女性形象,除了金佩璋为有知识的新型职业女性外,其他都是传统女性,具有浓郁的悲剧性。

  14. Quantitative Analysis of Urban Pluvial Flood Alleviation by Open Surface Water Systems in New Towns: Comparing Almere and Tianjin Eco-City

    OpenAIRE

    Zhengnan Zhou; Lei Qu; Tao Zou

    2015-01-01

    Increased surface runoff generated in urban areas due to larger proportion of impervious surfaces has, in many cases, exceeded the capacity of urban drainage systems. In response to such challenge, this paper introduces the quantitative analysis of pluvial flood alleviation by open surface water systems in the case of Almere in the Netherlands and compares it with Tianjin Eco-City in China, with the aim of optimizing land use planning and urban design for new urban districts. The methodology ...

  15. 半干旱区城镇周边防沙——以内蒙古乌审旗达布察克镇为例%Protecting Cities and Towns from Blown-sand Disasters in Semi-arid Area of China —A case study of Dabqig Town in Uxin Banner of Inner Mongolia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓旭; 邹学勇; 张艺磊

    2013-01-01

    Sand-blown disasters frequently occur in semi-arid area of China where cities and towns are relatively densely located. It is imperative to protect cities and towns from sand-blown disasters in semi-arid Area. Based on field survey of sand source and vegetation cover, as well as wind-tunnel measurement of independent vegetation and mechanical windbreaks, a configuration model for sand-blown prevention and control measures are proposed. Based on principles of sand-control engineering system and sand-control measures construction for different underlying surfaces around the towns in semi-arid area, a sand-control model for protecting Dabqig Town of the Uxin Banner from sand-blown disasters can be outlined as a " three-ring" model. The innermost ring is landscape greenbelt zone with Dabqig Town at the core. This zone is located around Dabqig Town with the maximum distance of 600 - 900 m from the town. The second ring is sand dune enclosure and agriculture-stock production zone, including two sub-zones. The facility agriculture sub-zone has a width of about 1 km. The exurb sub-zone of sand dune/land enclosure and individual agriculture-stock production covers a larger area, and an outstanding feature of this sub-zone is that its main area is used for ecological environment construction as well protection, and a relatively small area is used for agriculture-stock production. The outermost ring is sand dune/land enclosure and protection zone. This zone is located in northwest of the Uxin Banner. It mainly includes mobile and semi-mobile dune chains and flat drifting sand-land, thus is the main sand/dust source for Dabqig Town. Therefore this zone should be enclosed and protected using corresponding sand-control measures.%中国半干旱区城镇众多,风沙灾害频发,开展城镇风沙灾害防治研究势在必行.以毛乌素沙地的乌审旗达布察克镇为例,对其周边沙尘源地和植被进行实地调查;在此基础上,结合单项植物、机械沙

  16. Description on the town housing termite's prevention and control in Lu'an city%六安市城镇房屋白蚁防治现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄光明

    2012-01-01

    本文介绍了当下六安市城镇房屋白蚁防治工作的具体方法,以化学防治措施为主,监测控制技术防治为辅,严格遵循预防为主,防治结合,综合治理白蚁防治的工作原则.%This paper introduces the methods for termite' s prevention and control of urban housing in Lu' an city. Chemical control is the main method, supplemented by monitor-controlling technology. Strictly following the integrated control principle of termite .which is focus on termite' s prevention, combining the termite' s prevention and control.

  17. 广西城镇单亲幼儿家庭教育中的问题与对策%The Problems of and Countermeasures Against Family Education of Single-parent Children in the Cities and Towns of Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗竞; 韦扬波

    2012-01-01

    通过对广西城镇单亲幼儿家庭教育中教育环境、教育观念、教育方式、教育内容的调查,呈现了真实、客观的城镇单亲幼儿家庭教育的状况,在对调查结果进行分析讨论的基础上,提出解决单亲幼儿家庭教育问题的建议。%The Investigation into the educational environment,education concept,education mode and educational content of family education of single-parent children in the cities and towns of Guangxi,the result shows the true and objective status of family education of urban single-parent children.Based on the analysis and discussion of the result,the paper puts forward some useful suggestions to solve educational problems of single-parent children.

  18. Urban agglomerations and transformations of medium-sized towns in Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Runge Anna

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This analysis investigates medium-sized towns in Poland, i.e. those with a population between 20–100 thousand, located up to 100 km away from the main city of the agglomeration. The aim of this article is to compare the level of socio-economic development of Polish towns depending on their location in relation to the main city in the largest agglomerations in 1998 and 2013. Three zones of distance from the main city of each agglomeration have been taken into consideration: a. the inner zone, reaching up to 25 km from the main city; b. the outer zone located at a distance of 25 to 50 km from the main city, and c. the peripheral zone, located at a distance of 50 to 100 km from the main city and including the medium-size towns located outside the agglomeration system. This analysis of the distribution of medium-sized towns and their level of socio-economic development has shown various levels of changes which depend on the distance from the main city of the agglomeration. In 1998, the highest level of development of the medium-sized towns was recorded in towns outside of these agglomeration systems, i.e. those located most remotely from the main city (peripheral zone. Most of the medium-sized towns are situated at a distance of 50–100 km from Warszawa, Kraków, Łódź, Lublin, Gdańsk and have developed their own local, or even regional labour markets and some of them have even provided administrative functions in the past as voivodeship capitals. Only in the Poznań agglomeration, the level of development of medium-sized towns was higher in the immediate surroundings of the main city (25 km. The medium-sized towns in all zones of the distance from the main city in the Wrocław agglomeration represented a similar level of development. By 2013, the level of development of the medium-sized towns in the peripheral zone in all investigated settlement systems had decreased, with a significant improvement in the level of development of the towns in

  19. MACCSAND (Pty Ltd v CITY OF CAPE TOWN 2012 (4 SA 181 (CC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nic Olivier

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The Constitutional Court in Maccsand (Pty Ltd v City of Cape Town (CCT 103/11 2012 ZACC 7 decided that the granting of mining rights or mining permits by the Minister of Mineral Resources in terms of the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act 28 of 2002 does not obviate the obligation on an applicant to obtain authorisations in terms of other legislation that deals with functional domains other than minerals, mining and prospecting. This applies to all other legislation, irrespective of whether the responsible administrator of such other legislation is in the national, provincial or local sphere of government. The effect of the decision is that planning and other authorities which derive their statutory mandate and powers from other legislation retain all their powers as regards planning and rezoning, for instance. In addition, the Minister of Mineral Resources cannot make a decision on behalf of, or for, such functionaries. The judgement also clarified the question of whether or not a national Act can supersede provincial legislation dealing with a distinctly different functional domain. In principle, the decision also indicates that the fact that a range of authorisations are required in terms of separate statutory instruments (each with its own functional domain and administered by its own functionary does not necessarily amount to conflicts between these instruments. An owner of land may now insist that his land may not be used for mining purposes if it is not zoned for such purposes. It is submitted that, in order to provide certainty to land owners, developers and government functionaries, and to promote investor confidence (especially in the mining sector, an intergovernmental system for the consideration of applications by the functionaries responsible for the separate statutory instruments needs to be developed as a high priority.

  20. Recent development of Slovene towns - social structure and transformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dejan Rebernik

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In Slovene towns and urban areas severalprocesses of social transformation and change have been present in the lastdecade. As a consequence of political and economic transition increasedsocialdifferentiation resulted in increased social segregation in urbanareas.Some areas such as high-rise housing estates and part of older innercity areas were affected by social degradation and concentration oflow-incomepopulation and ethnical minorities. In some parts of inner citiesprocesses of reurbanisation and gentrification are taking place. However,the degree of social segragation is lower than in the cities of mosttransitional countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

  1. About Problems of the Large and Small Towns

    OpenAIRE

    Bolshinskaya Ivetta S.

    2012-01-01

    Problems of the large and small towns in the different countries have similarity and specific character. This problems represent the territorial organization of society efficiency, first of all for the small and large towns. This problems are considering as problems of "life environment" organization in accodace with "mode of living" standarts. Migration inhabitans is observed from small towns to large towns becaus of the change of territorial distribution of industry, obsolete production and...

  2. Compensation for What? An Analysis of the Outcome in Arun Property Development (PTY LTD v Cape Town City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bradley Slade

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In Arun Property Development (Pty Ltd v Cape Town City the Constitutional Court awarded compensation for land that vested in the City of Cape Town in terms of a regulatory framework. The regulatory framework, sections 25 and 28 of the Cape Land Use Planning Ordinance of 1985 (LUPO, provides that land needed for public streets and places and indicated as such on a subdivision plan should vest in the local authority concerned, but without compensation if that land is based on the normal need of providing the particular development with such public streets and places. The appellant argued that since land in excess of the normal need also vested in the City, it had a right to be compensated for the excess land that vested in the City. The Court, overturning two Supreme Court of Appeal decisions, awarded compensation. The Court hinted that the compensation was for the expropriation of the appellant's land that was excess to the normal need. In the absence of a formal expropriation procedure, this case note investigates whether the compensation could have been awarded for statutory expropriation or constructive expropriation. Therefore, the question that is posed is whether the alleged expropriation for which the Court awarded compensation can be classified as either statutory expropriation or constructive expropriation. It is pointed out that the Court accepted that section 28 of the LUPO constitutes a development contribution for the land based on the normal need. In terms of the notion of development contributions, a developer has to donate land to the local authority concerned if that land is required to provide the particular development with public streets and places. A development contribution, as part of the administrative process of approving developments, is regulatory in nature and its validity is judged in terms of the requirements for a valid deprivation of property. It is argued that since the Court interpreted section 28 of the LUPO to

  3. INTERGRATION OF LiDAR DATA WITH AERIAL IMAGERY FOR ESTIMATING ROOFTOP SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC POTENTIALS IN CITY OF CAPE TOWN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. K. Adeleke

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Apart from the drive to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by carbon-intensive economies like South Africa, the recent spate of electricity load shedding across most part of the country, including Cape Town has left electricity consumers scampering for alternatives, so as to rely less on the national grid. Solar energy, which is adequately available in most part of Africa and regarded as a clean and renewable source of energy, makes it possible to generate electricity by using photovoltaics technology. However, before time and financial resources are invested into rooftop solar photovoltaic systems in urban areas, it is important to evaluate the potential of the building rooftop, intended to be used in harvesting the solar energy. This paper presents methodologies making use of LiDAR data and other ancillary data, such as high-resolution aerial imagery, to automatically extract building rooftops in City of Cape Town and evaluate their potentials for solar photovoltaics systems. Two main processes were involved: (1 automatic extraction of building roofs using the integration of LiDAR data and aerial imagery in order to derive its’ outline and areal coverage; and (2 estimating the global solar radiation incidence on each roof surface using an elevation model derived from the LiDAR data, in order to evaluate its solar photovoltaic potential. This resulted in a geodatabase, which can be queried to retrieve salient information about the viability of a particular building roof for solar photovoltaic installation.

  4. Intergration of LiDAR Data with Aerial Imagery for Estimating Rooftop Solar Photovoltaic Potentials in City of Cape Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adeleke, A. K.; Smit, J. L.

    2016-06-01

    Apart from the drive to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by carbon-intensive economies like South Africa, the recent spate of electricity load shedding across most part of the country, including Cape Town has left electricity consumers scampering for alternatives, so as to rely less on the national grid. Solar energy, which is adequately available in most part of Africa and regarded as a clean and renewable source of energy, makes it possible to generate electricity by using photovoltaics technology. However, before time and financial resources are invested into rooftop solar photovoltaic systems in urban areas, it is important to evaluate the potential of the building rooftop, intended to be used in harvesting the solar energy. This paper presents methodologies making use of LiDAR data and other ancillary data, such as high-resolution aerial imagery, to automatically extract building rooftops in City of Cape Town and evaluate their potentials for solar photovoltaics systems. Two main processes were involved: (1) automatic extraction of building roofs using the integration of LiDAR data and aerial imagery in order to derive its' outline and areal coverage; and (2) estimating the global solar radiation incidence on each roof surface using an elevation model derived from the LiDAR data, in order to evaluate its solar photovoltaic potential. This resulted in a geodatabase, which can be queried to retrieve salient information about the viability of a particular building roof for solar photovoltaic installation.

  5. Tourism Development: Issues for Historic Walled Towns

    OpenAIRE

    Tomi Brezovec; David Bruce

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses issues in tourism development and visitor management in historic walled towns. Historic towns and walled towns in particular, attract tourists that enjoy the preserved medieval ambience, architecture and picturesque streets. Tourism has an impact on economic and social life as well as on the urban and natural environment. Walled towns and cities with their obvious barriers exemplify and crystallise issues, challenges, and opportunities critical to the development of touri...

  6. 佛山市城镇生活饮用水末梢水水质状况及对策%Situation and countermeasures to tap-water quality of drinking water in the town of Foshan city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关共凑; 邹永杰; 梁慧怡; 江学顶

    2014-01-01

    根据国家《生活饮用水卫生标准》(GB5749-2006),分析佛山市5区城镇生活饮用水末梢水水质状况。结果表明:佛山市5区城镇生活饮用水末梢水超标项目主要是菌落总数和浑浊度,超标率分别为56.00%、2.67%。本次调查的75份水样中有33份合格,总合格率为44.00%,其中顺德区合格率为60.00%,水质最好;高明区、禅城区、三水区合格率分别为46.67%、40.00%、40.00%,水质次之;南海区合格率为33.33%,水质最差;住宅、学校、商场、酒店、医院饮用水合格率分别为60.00%、46.67%、26.67%、33.33%、53.33%。总体来讲,水质不容乐观。最后根据超标原因,提出一些对策与建议,以确保佛山市城镇居民生活饮用水水质安全。%According to the national health standards for drinking water quality (GB5749-2006), analyzed the situation of tap-water quality of drinking water in the town of the five districts of Foshan city. The results indicated that it was mainly the total number of bacterial colonies and turbidity exceeded the standards in tap-water Their exceeding standard rates were 56.00% and 2.67% respectively 33 of 75 water samples were qualified in the investigation, the total qualified rate was 44.00%. The qualified rate was 60.00% in Shunde district, it’s water quality was the best. The qualified rates were 46.67%, 40.00% and 40.00% respectively in Gaoming,Chancheng and Sanshui district, their water quality were the second. The qualified rate was 33.33% in Nanhai district,it’s water quality was the worst. The qualified rates of drinking wate were 60.00%, 46.67%, 26.67%,33.33% and 53.33% respectively in residences,schools,marketplaces, hotels and hospitals. In general, the water quality was not optimistic. In the end, some countermeasures and suggestions were put forward on the basis of the unqualified reasons, in order to ensure drinking water quality and safety in the town of Foshan city.

  7. 如何看待“农村剩余劳动力向非农产业和城镇转移是工业化和现代化的必然趋势%How to Look on the Viewpoint that It is the Inevitable Trend of Industrialization and Urbanization for the Residual Rural Labor Forces to Shift to Non-agricultural Industries or Cities and Towns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宁辉

    2003-01-01

    Under the huge framework of China's entry into WTO, by using GTAP model, the author experimentally analyses that the shift of rural residual labor forces to non-agricultural industries or cities and towns is vital to improve the income of rural residents and narrow the gap both between rural areas and ur ban areas and between regions.

  8. Language and intercourse in Visaginas town

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The article deals with the attitude towards the key integration problems of the non Lithuanian population in town Visaginas (its building began in 1975 as Ignalina nuclear power plant - NPP - worker's settlement, first residents settled in 1977, up to 1992 it was named Sniechkus, in 1995 Visaginas received town status). The town was built on Visaginas' lake bank, Ignalina NPP - on Drukshiai lake bank. Ignalina is name of district, one of 44 in Lithuania. Ignalina town is in 14 kilometres from NPP. The situation of language and intercourse was investigated by three stages, three inquests. The first was expert inquest in 1993, the second - workers of Ignalina NPP inquest in 1995, third - inhabitants and institutions of administration of Visaginas and 4 districts around NPP in 1996. Investigation in 1996 displayed the 38% of non-indigenous residents of Visaginas absolutely had no command of Lithuanian (a desire their children to learn the language practically has been expressed by everybody). Inhabitants of Visaginas up to now can't to read any Lithuanian book or newspaper, to listen Lithuanian radio, to see Lithuanian television. The intercourse with indigenous residents mostly are going on Russian because 82% inhabitants of the region around Ignalina NPP can speak in Russian. In Visaginas no one have a good command of English, German or French in time as 2-5% habitants of districts around Visaginas have a good command of the languages. The 14% of non indigenous residents of Visaginas said they had a good command of Lithuanian. Problems of intercourse had 24% inhabitants in Visaginas,.26% - in Ignalina district, 12-13% - in Zarasai, Utena, Shvenchionys (districts around Ignalina NPP). Inhabitants of Visaginas interest for their living land, they have a big tolerance for mixed marriage (indigenous habitants - considerably less). Inhabitants of Visaginas may catch integration in Lithuanian culture in manner from Lithuanian language, and catch wealth which accumulated

  9. Career Education Program: Geneva Area City Schools. [Grade 3 Units: Money and Banking, Weather, The Hospital Emergency Room, and Let's Go to Town].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geneva Area City Schools, OH.

    Four curriculum units for the third grade level focus on: (1) weather station jobs and the weather prediction system; (2) hospital emergency room workers and the room's function; (3) bank workers and the banking industry; and (4) various urban workers. Behavioral objectives linking the units focus on increasing students' awareness of and…

  10. Protection and guidelines for the build image in towns in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrej Pogačnik

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available The research project, Protecting and Directing the Identity if Slovene Towns includes 48 urban centres. Towns were presented textually and graphically on maps (scale 1:10.000. An attempt of a typological classification based on design features and its final proposals are shown. The research vastly increases the scope of former projects focusing in centres of old inner cities. It points out that the formal features of towns has changed because of suburbanisation, new industrial zones, communications, functionalistic blocks, high-rise buildings, commercialisation of centres and other reasons. The proposed guide-lines are based on principles of ecology, reurbanisation, humanization, contextualism and emphasizing the identity of out towns.

  11. Town of Ancientry and Ethnicity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiuHuanzhi; LuRucai

    2005-01-01

    IN 2004,the Chinese government set itself the goal of building an harmonious society and still more emphasis has been put on this goal in 2005.Building an harmonious society means not only encouraging growth of GDP,but also achieving harmomious coexistence between human beings and nature,and coordinated development of various social aspects.Putting into practice this concept has revitalized Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture in southwestern China's Yunnan Province.

  12. The Transformation of Danish Towns and Regions in the Knowledge Economy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kalle Emil Holst

    Western economies are mainly based on knowledge-intensive industries. This has caused a major geographical shift and a divide in economic growth between few prosperous, larger city-regions and many non-core, smaller towns that are trailing behind. At the heart of this PhD thesis is an investigati...

  13. Differences in employment outcomes for college town stayers and leavers

    OpenAIRE

    Winters, John V.

    2012-01-01

    Areas surrounding colleges and universities are often able to build their local stock of human capital by retaining recent graduates in the area after they finish their education. This paper classifies 41 U.S. metropolitan areas as "college towns" and investigates differences in employment outcomes between college graduates who stay in the college town where they obtained their degree and college graduates who leave after completing their degree. We find that college town stayers experience l...

  14. The historical town core and traffic in Novo mesto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilijana Jankovič

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The historical town core of Novo mesto is subject to intolerable traffic conditions. Individual car use is suffocating the town core, but simultaneously good access is essential for shopkeepers and other inhabitants since buses don’t go there. The project proposes changes to the traffic regime, its basic goals are to redesign the town square into a pedestrian place and to eliminate transitory traffic by rerouting vehicles to less burdened side roads. It introduces short-term parking, smaller parking garages in the core and larger parking spaces on the edge and routes the buses through the town core.

  15. Designation and Development of Central Towns: A Case Study of Shiyan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    In China, central towns are an important pitch point in the urban system of a city or county. The cultivation and development of central towns is significant in completing the urban system structure and improving the overall quality of urban-rural development of a city or county. In the Municipality of Shiyan, a mountainous region in Hubei Province, the designation of central towns should not be mechanically accomplished through applying the methodology used in plain areas, but with particular focus on the location and transportation of the towns. Based on the analysis of comprehensive development potential, 14 central towns are finally designated in Shiyan in view of their favorable location and the requirement of coordinated regional development. Development strategies are also proposed for them which include the improvement of urban functions, the differentiation of development modes, the growth of industrial clusters, the development of environmental-friendly industries, the standard configuration of public service facilities, and the institutional reform and innovation which would ensure the realization of the central towns’ function of agglomeration and radiation.

  16. The role and development perspectives of small towns in central Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spasić Nenad

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The link between urban centers and the countryside, including movement of people, goods, capital and other social exchanges, play an important role in processes of rural and urban change of a country. Major demographic and spatial changes have been typical for Serbia in the second half of the 20th century, caused by a dynamic primary urbanization process, i.e. by intense migration trends between rural areas and towns (cities. A special attention in this paper is given to the small urban centers in Serbia (small towns with population of less than 20,000 as the first magnet in proximate contact with the rural surroundings, and the one that therefore could have the greatest influence on organization structure and development prospects of the rural areas. In addition to being difficult to substantiate criteria for urban classification, small towns themselves do not represent a homogeneous group of settlements, and this makes it even harder to put up generalizations that would fit to all the settlements of this kind either within our country or cross-borders. However, here are identified certain common features for the small towns in Central Serbia and their development perspective is analyzed in relation to medium towns and cities of the same territory in consideration. Finally, this paper discusses the importance of policies for small town development in light of a real risk that the process of globalisation may lead to the justification of a new concentration of activities in the large cities, increasing the already significant regional differences in living conditions and economic development.

  17. 复合型人工湿地及其在小城镇污水处理中的应用%The Compound Artificial Wetland and Its Application in Treating Wastewater in Small Cities and Towns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何强; 万杰; 翟俊; 梁建军

    2009-01-01

    A technology of wastewater treatment-compound artificial wetland was developed in connection with the characteristics of water pollution in small cities and towns in China. That compound system was composed of vertical baffled wetland filter under anaerobic conditions and lateral subsurface flow wetland bed under facultative conditions. By setting up the inner back-flow system, the nature reoxygenation area and the gravel filler with a particle size of 8~30 mm, the dissolved oxygen(DO) division in the system was achieved with the optimization of the flow pattern and the increase of treatment efficiency. The application results indicated that, under the conditions that the water flow rate was 300~450 m~3/d, COD, NH~4_+ -N and TP concentration of the inffluent were 60~250 mg/L, 4.5~23 mg/L and 1.5~8 mg/L respectively.And these values of the effluent were 20~30 mg/L, 2~4 mg/L and 0.3~0. 5 mg/L respectively at low temperature and could fall below 30 mg/L, 4 mg/L and 0.43 mg/L at normal temperature.%针对中国小城镇的水污染特点,开发了1种复合型人工湿地污水处理技术,该工艺由处于厌氧环境的竖向折流湿地滤池和处于兼氧环境的侧向潜流湿地床组成,通过设置内回流系统、自然复氧区以及粒径为(ρ)8~30 mm的碎石填料,实现了系统内溶解氧的合理分区.并优化了污水流态,显著提高了处理效率.低温和常温条件下的运行结果表明:该工艺在进水流量300~450 m~3/d,COD、NH~4_+-N及TP分别为60~250 mg/L 4.5~23 mg/L、1.5~8 mg/L条件下,低温出水中COD、NH+-N及TP的浓度分别为20~30 mg/L、2~4 mg/L、0.3~0.5 mg/L,常温出水中的浓度分别在30 mg/L、4 mg/L、0.43 mg/L以下.

  18. Challenges and prospects of Danish service towns in the new urban geography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje

    2012-01-01

    towns influenced by the emergence of the new functional urban geography and the administrative reforms? - What are the major challenges in urban development these towns are confronted with? We use historical register data as well as land use data to draw a broad picture of the development of Danish...... below 1000 inhabitants, only 10 % have more than 5000 inhabitants. More recently, with the emergence of functional urban regions around the biggest cities, their position as regional centres was weakened. Also, with the restructuring of the municipalities in Denmark in 2007 and the closure of several...

  19. 多中心结构下的中小城镇发展研究——以四川省都江堰为例%On Medium and Small Town Development in Polycentric City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王龑

    2013-01-01

    Combining with multi-aspect investigation,the existing problems in development process of Dujiangyan were put forward,which are common problems in other medium and small towns development in China,need to be improved and avoided in the future development.%笔者结合多方面的调查,提出了都江堰在发展过程中出现的问题,这些问题也是中国中小城镇发展过程中普遍存在的问题,亟待在今后的发展中得到有效改善.

  20. Urban Lighting Project for a Small Town: Comparing Citizens and Authority Benefits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Cellucci

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The smart and resilient city evolves by slow procedures of mutation without radical changes, increasing the livability of its territory. The value of the city center in a Smart City can increase through urban lighting systems: its elements on the territory can collect and convey data to increase services to city users; the electrical system becomes the so-called Smart Grid. This paper presents a study of smart lighting for a small town, a touristic location inside a nature reserve on the Italian coast. Three different approaches have been proposed, from minimal to more invasive interventions, and their effect on the territory has been investigated. Based on street typology and its surroundings, the work analyzes the opportunity to introduce smart and useful services for the citizens starting from a retrofitting intervention. Smart city capabilities are examined, showing how it is possible to provide new services to the cities through ICT (Information and Communication Technology without deep changes and simplifying the control of basic city functions. The results evidence an important impact on annual energy costs, suggesting smart grid planning not only for metropolis applications, but also in smaller towns, such as the examined one.

  1. Urban Vitality in Dutch and Chinese New Towns. A comparative study between Almere and Tongzhou

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Zhou

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Building new towns seems to be a rational regionalization approach that releases pressure from overly burdened large cities. This strategy was developed in Western Europe in the middle of twentieth century. Since the 1990s, the European new town model has been widely implemented in China. However, the author questions the feasibility of the large-scale, hasty new town developments. The study of worldwide new town experiences, especially European and Chinese cases, demonstrates that many new towns in fact have difficulty in achieving a real sense of urban quality and vitality. So far, few research projects have been conducted to evaluate and develop solutions for this problem.The purpose of this research project is therefore to identify the spatial and non-spatial factors and conditions that facilitate the development of urban vitality in new towns. It is aimed to reveal the impacts of spatial design, urban planning and governance approaches on the degree and patterns of local urban life of new towns in China and in the Netherlands. The generated knowledge of this research project helps develop not only a better understanding of the main problems of new towns, but also spatial strategies with the aim to enliven new towns and other types of (suburban areas as well. The central research question is approached through literature review and case studies.The literature review provides a critical re-evaluation of the scientific validation of the new town model, especially the notion of town self-containment in economic terms. The relevant theories under study mainly include regional science and economic geography. The literature review also clarifies the general definition of urban vitality and its distinct meanings in different socio-economic and political backgrounds of the two societies, sets up the quantitative measurements methodology, and identifies a preliminary framework of spatial factors and conditions. As it turns out, the key indicators of

  2. Study on Village and Town Development Mode and Land Use Policy of Urban Fringe: A Case Study of Wuhan City%武汉市城市边缘区村镇发展模式与土地利用政策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李强; 严金明

    2012-01-01

    With the rapid urbanization and social economic rapid development,the demand of urban spatial expansion is also ever-increasing. Establishing the development mode of village and town and land use policy has become an urgent issue Under the guidance of urban and rural development strategy, the land utilization mechanism was discussed which to realize the coordination and win-win among the ecology frame construction, the district level economic development demand, the city overall space optimization and the agricultural land resources conservatioa The urban fringe of Wuhan City was taken as a case study in this paper, and the demand of village and town construction pattern and land use policy were analyzed from the land utilization characteristic, industrial development direction and guidance. The fringe area of Wuhan City (involve 12 regions,37 townships) were divided into the type of ecology control, guidance development and the city development, and the region industry layout was taken as the support,a development system of villages and small towns in the area was presented,which was the "township+ community+developing-park". The village community construction was proposed in urban fringe, the 650 original villages were divided into the type of relocation,control and development villages. It aimed at providing the pattern for reference as safeguards and promoting the village and town development in urban fringe. And the response mechanism of related land utilization policy was explored from the correlative with increase and decrease of construction land in rural and town, the construction land of collective ownership circulation, the agricultural land use system reform and region land comprehensive improvement%在城乡统筹发展战略的指引下,探讨武汉市城市边缘区实现生态框架构建、区域经济发展诉求、城市整体空间优化与农用地资源保护协调共赢的土地利用机制.分析武汉市城市边缘区的土地利用特点

  3. Tourism and City. Reflections about Tourist Dimension of Smart City

    OpenAIRE

    Rosa Anna La Rocca

    2013-01-01

    The city of the future seems to be necessarily “intelligent” both in its physical and in functional features.This paper starts from the consideration that the diffusion of new communication technologies (ICTs) is significantly changing the urban supply system of tourist services giving rise to new ways of enjoying the city.As tourism can be assumed as an urban activity, by a town planning point of view, the study of tourism is meaningful to identify development trajectories of the present cit...

  4. An Undiscouered Scenic Town in Western China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    AI; MEI

    2002-01-01

    WE came across Fubao (fortune and trea-sure) Town by chance during a trip to Fobao (Buddhist Treasure) Mountain in Sichuan Province. Cloaked in dense forest, watered by rivers and waterfalls, and the habitat of various wild animals, the mountain is 46 kilometers from Hejiang County, Luzhou City. At its foot nestles the small secluded town of Fubao, little changed throughout the centuries.First emerging in the late Song Dynasty, Fubao Town took shape during the Ming Dynasty.

  5. 四川岳池县城紧凑城市空间规划%COMPACT CITY SPATIAL PLANNING OF YUECHI COUNTY TOWN, SlCHUAN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫水玉; 王正

    2011-01-01

    四川岳池县城总体规划通过采用紧凑的城市空间结构、发展以短距离出行为目的的功能混合区域和紧凑社区、建设以公共交通为导向的城市交通体系和实行城市增长边界控制等紧凑城市空间规划方法,达到城市规模、功能、结构的紧凑,在土地资源集约使用、提高城市基础设施运行效率、方便城市居民生活、促进城市可持续性发展方面作用明显.%Based on the analyses of compact city features, some methods of compact city planning, such as building the compact city structure, developing the mixed functional zones that aim at short-distance travel and compact communities, establishing the public transport-oriented urban transport system, and implementing the city boundary control, are used in the Master Plan of Yuechi County Town, which are of great help in improving the intensive use of land resources, promoting the efficiency of city infrastructure, providing convenience for citizen's life, and boosting the sustainable development of the county.

  6. The 1930 earthquake and the town of Senigallia (Central Italy): an approach to seismic risk evaluation

    OpenAIRE

    G. Smriglio; P. Signanini; M. L. Rainone; D. Monna; F. Frugoni; P. Favali

    1995-01-01

    The town of Senigallia is located on the Adriatic coast of the Marche and Romagna regions (Central Italy), an area affected by offshore seismicity. This city was almost completely destroyed by an earthquake of IX degree intensity on the Mercalli-Cancani-Sieberg scale (MCS) on October 30, 1930. This quake is the most recent and the best documented. In particular, this shock was characterized by strong differences in the damage levels at a scale of hundreds and tens of metres. The g...

  7. Regional Economic Types and Development Strategy of Small Towns in Suburb Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hun Fei; Cai Jianming; Liu Junping

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to classify the regional economic types and development dynamics of small towns in suburb Beijing by applying the classification methods developed by Nelson's method and Location Quotient method into 183 small towns in Beijing.Four types of small towns are thus identified,including urban agriculture dominated towns,manufacturing dominated towns,service industry dominated towns and comprehensive type towns with balanced economic development.Within the environment of geographical information system,the spatial distribution pattern of four types of small towns with their evolution trend is analyzed.The results indicate that four types of small towns have obvious 'core-periphery' spatial structure but with different functional orientations and evolution mechanisms.Based on this,the different development strategies for each type of small towns are summarized,providing a scientific reference for the differentiating planning and development strategies of these small towns.

  8. The town in Serbia and Bulgaria: A comparative reading of current processes. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zlatanović Sanja

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The topic of this volume is a result from The Contemporary City in Serbia and Bulgaria: Processes and Changes, a bilateral project of the Institute of Ethnography of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts and the Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (2014-2016. The six papers offer a comparative view of current social processes in two neighbouring Balkan countries, linked by numerous historical and political experiences. Comparative research into societal trends enables a more thorough understanding and monitoring of global processes. In today’s increasingly globalised and glocalised world, towns experience sudden changes and it is in the towns that these changes are most vividly to be seen. The focus of our research is on the dynamism of the contemporary town, on processuality and changes in societal practices. Ana Luleva examines life in the small town of Nessebar in southeast Bulgaria, which has been on the UNESCO World Heritage list since 1983. The protection, management and presentation of Nessebar’s cultural heritage are highly complex issues, further complicated by the problem of collision with the interests of the inhabitants. The author analyses the relations between the various factors - the state administration, municipal authorities and the local population. Here the tourist industry, investment interests, corrupt institutions and civil society all play their part. Ivanka Petrova chose to research Belogradchik, a small town in northwest Bulgaria. Petrova investigates how local social and cultural resources are used in the work of a family tourist enterprise. The author looks for answers to questions such as: how its members identify with the town and its culture and how the work of the enterprise fits into the Belogradchik local context. At the focus of her paper are current societal practices: the local urban economy and the production of images and symbols

  9. Revenue Calculations Pertaining to a Change in County Local-Option Highway-User Taxes Proposed by the Indiana Association of County Commissioners, Association of Indiana Counties, and Indiana Association of Cities and Towns

    OpenAIRE

    HERPICC

    1983-01-01

    The projected revenue values contained in this report are the product of computer programs developed by staff members of the Highway and Extension Research Project for Indiana Counties and Cities (HERPICC). In its role as provider of technical information to the state's counties and municipalities, HERPICC produced this report in response to a request from the three associations who, as representatives of local governments, proposed the changes analyzed herein. Given its status as a state age...

  10. Multiple benefits and values of trees in urban landscapes in two small towns in northern South Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Shackleton, S.; Chinyimba, A.; Hebinck, P.G.M.; Shackleton, C.; Kaoma, H.

    2015-01-01

    Cities and towns can be conceptualised as complex social-ecological systems or landscapes that are composed of different spatial elements. Trees in urban landscapes provide a variety of tangible and intangible benefits (ecosystem services) that may be valued differently across diverse households and

  11. Preliminary Study of Ancient Town Protection and Rural Tourism Development of Caoshi Town in Hengdong County,Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The typical style and features of mountains and waters in Caoshi Ancient Town,have hitherto been well preserved. Caoshi Ancient Town boasts superior base of the natural eco-environment and deep-rooted background of regional culture,where mountains,waters,shoals,towns and other landscape elements are merged harmoniously,the transportation and geographical conditions have been fundamentally changed. Ancient towns,old temples,ancient forests,ancient wells and ancient piers are unique in different ways,with characteristics of tourism resources such as long history and ancient folklore. It should seize the historical opportunity of China vigorously developing rural tourism based on the construction of the new socialist countryside,to make characteristic agricultural economy gain ground; assume the leading role to drive the development of tourism economy in surrounding areas; correctly handle the relationship between development and protection to walk the path of sustainable development of tourism.

  12. Tourism and City. Reflections about Tourist Dimension of Smart City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Anna La Rocca

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The city of the future seems to be necessarily “intelligent” both in its physical and in functional features.This paper starts from the consideration that the diffusion of new communication technologies (ICTs is significantly changing the urban supply system of tourist services giving rise to new ways of enjoying the city.As tourism can be assumed as an urban activity, by a town planning point of view, the study of tourism is meaningful to identify development trajectories of the present cities targeted to sustainable and smarter models.As a matter of fact, almost all the projects to get a “smart city” are based on the idea of joining the potentialities of ICTs and the needs of urban management through people living or using the city.In such a vision, “tourist dimension” of the city becomes fundamental in promoting urban image as well as in improving efficiency of the city. This efficiency also depends on the capability of each city to share historical and cultural heritage as “common good”.As tourist demand has deeply changed also driven by technological development, this paper tries to investigate how the urban supply will change in order to meet the rising demand of quality and efficiency. The transition to smart tourist destination currently seems to be strongly connected with the number and the variety of apps to improve the “experiential component”. A lack of interest there seems to be in finding strategies and policies oriented to plan the urban supply of services tourist or not.This consideration, if shared, opens up new perspectives for research and experimentation in which city planning could have a key-role also in proposing an holistic approach to city development towards smart city.

  13. Memory culture and the contemporary city : building sites

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Staiger, Uta; Steiner, Henriette; Webber, Andrew

    "These essays by leading figures from academia, architecture and the arts consider how cultures of memory are constructed for and in contemporary cities. They take Berlin as a key case of a historically burdened metropolis, but also extend to other global cities: Jerusalem, Buenos Aires, Cape Town...

  14. Can Cape Town's unique biodiversity be saved? Balancing conservation imperatives and development needs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Wood

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Cape Town is an urban hotspot within the Cape Floristic Region global biodiversity hotspot. This city of 2,460 km² encompasses four local centers of fynbos plant endemism, 19 national terrestrial vegetation types (six endemic to the city, wetland and coastal ecosystems, and 190 endemic plant species. Biodiversity in the lowlands is under threat of extinction as a result of habitat loss to agriculture, urban development, mining, and degradation by invasive alien plants. Cape Town's population is 3.7 million, increasing by an estimated 55,000 people/yr, which puts pressure on biodiversity remnants for development. South Africa is a signatory to international instruments to reduce biodiversity loss and has a good legislative and policy framework to conserve biodiversity, yet implementation actions are slow, with limited national and provincial support to conserve Cape Town's unique and irreplaceable biodiversity. The lack-of-action problem is two-fold: national government is slow to implement the policies developed to realize the international instruments it has signed, with conservation initiatives inadequately funded; and local governments are not yet recognized as important implementation partners. A further problem is created by conflicting policies such as the national housing policy that contributes to urban sprawl and loss of critical biodiversity areas. The City's Biodiversity Management Branch, with partners, is making some headway at implementation, but stronger political commitment is needed at all levels of government. Our objective is to improve the status and management of biodiversity in existing conservation areas through the statutory proclamation process and management effectiveness monitoring, respectively, and to secure priority areas of the BioNet, Cape Town's systematic biodiversity plan. The most important tools for the latter are incorporating the BioNet plan into City spatial plans; communication, education, and public

  15. Port Development and Town Planning in North West England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Richard

    2013-12-01

    This paper examines the links between the development of harbour facilities and planned towns, especially in the head port area of Carlisle in North West England. Largely based on documentary research and field observation it examines the development of Whitehaven and other Atlantic ports it influenced in Cumberland, Westmorland and north Lancashire. It examines these developments in their international context and shows how they were initiated by local landowners to maximise the output of their estates and to enhance their personal prestige. Beginning in the seventeenth century the paper demonstrates how this tradition of town and harbour foundation continued on into the nineteenth century when it was adopted by corporate concerns, especially railway companies. The paper concludes by highlighting how harbour developments associated with town planning helped to urbanise and stimulate the economy of a previously under-developed area. Two maps identify the locations of the places discussed.

  16. Charles Hard Townes: Remarkable Scientist and Inspiring Teacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldsmith, P. F.

    2016-05-01

    Charles Townes is renowned for his work elucidating the structure of molecules through microwave spectroscopy and for his invention of the maser and the laser. He also had a lifelong interest in astronomy, and in the later portion of his remarkable and long career devoted himself to astronomical research, pioneering the study of molecules in interstellar space and the development of infrared spectroscopy, first from the ground and then from airborne facilities. His interest in high angular resolution, as well as high spectral resolution observations, led to development of the first infrared spatial interferometer employing coherent signal processing techniques. In this short review I will only touch on some of Townes' many scientific contributions, concentrating on astronomy, and will also give some personal thoughts about how he inspired students in their research, helping to make the "Townes Group" at the University of California, Berkeley, an ideal environment in which to start a career in research.

  17. Prevalence of mental retardation among children in RS Pura town of Jammu and Kashmir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Kumar Raina

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the Prevalence of mental retardation in children 3 to 10 years of age. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in the framework of a population based, single centre, cross-sectional study at R.S.Pura town, 22 kms south- west of Jammu city. Results: A total of 61 (0.79 percent of the 7,707 children surveyed had positive screening results on the Ten Questions instrument. 56 (0.72percent children were diagnosed as suffering from mental retardation. Serious mental retardation was diagnosed in 48 children and mild mental retardation was diagnosed in 8 children. The combined prevalence estimates of mild and serious mental retardation were 7.2/1000. No notable sex differences were observed for either serious or mild retardation. Interpretation: The prevalence rates of mental retardation among children less than 19 years of age in R. S. town compares favorably with studies from developed world.

  18. The Town Effect: Dynamic Interaction between a Group of Structures and Waves in the Ground

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uenishi, Koji

    2010-11-01

    In a conventional approach, the mechanical behaviour of a structure subjected to seismic or blast waves is treated separately from its surroundings, and in many cases, the dynamic coupling effect between multiple structures and the waves propagating in the ground is disregarded. However, if many structures are built densely in a developed urban area, this dynamic interaction may not become negligible. The first purpose of this contribution is to briefly show the effect of multiple interactions between waves and surface buildings in a town. The analysis is based on a recently developed, fully coupled, rigorous mathematical study, and for simplicity, each building in the town is represented by a rigid foundation, a mass at the top and an elastic spring that connects the foundation and mass. The buildings stand at regular spatial intervals on a linear elastic half-space and are subjected to two-dimensional anti-plane vibrations. It is found that the buildings in this model significantly interact with each other through the elastic ground, and the resonant (eigen) frequencies of the collective system (buildings or town) become lower than that of a single building with the same rigid foundation. This phenomenon may be called the “town effect” or “city effect.” Then, second, it is shown that the actual, unique structural damage pattern caused by the 1976 Friuli, Italy, earthquake may better be explained by this “town effect,” rather than by investigating the seismic performance of each damaged building individually. The results suggest that it may also be possible to evaluate the physical characteristics of incident seismic/blast waves “inversely” from the damage patterns induced to structures by the waves.

  19. Characterization of Wastewater in Rajouri Town, Jammu And Kashmir, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zishan Aslam

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Water exaggerated physically, chemically as well as biologically is known as wastewater. Thrown away process of solid waste and its treatment has been the foremost environmental setback for most of the cities in India especially in rural area. To make people aware about the level of contaminants in wastewater and to suggest the ways of treatment of wastewater which will result in disposing off of domestic effluents without any danger to human health, a study on characteristics of wastewater in Rajouri town in Jammu and Kashmir was conducted. Concentrations of various physicochemical parameters like Total dissolved solids (TDS, pH, Turbidity, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD, Chemical Oxygen Demand(COD, Alkalinity, Hardness Chloride Content, Nitrogen, Ammonium, Phosphorous, Iron and E-coli bacteria were determined. Study was done on five different sampling locations. All the parameters were found to be generally exceeding the limits set by W.H.O except for few sampling locations. The sampling site which was found to be the most polluted was Muradpur (SL 5 thus affecting the population there because of being on the downstream side and the least affected site was Kheora (SL2. In some sampling stations due to presence of vegetation at the disposal sites, the quality of sewage to some extent are acceptable may be because the vegetation absorb some of its undesirable constituents. To treat this wastewater and make it suitable for various purposes like irrigation, vegetation and other domestic purposes a treatment plant which will benefit population of 37,552 souls. Construction of wetlands will also lead to effective treatment and management of wastewater.

  20. Epidemiological Survey of Leprosy and Dermatosis in Rural Residents of Jinpu Town, Chaoyang District, Shantou City%汕头市潮阳区金浦镇农村居民麻风病、皮肤病流行病学调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章快芳; 蔡妙娜; 李洁思; 张璇君; 许良杰; 郭义龙

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解汕头市潮阳区金浦镇农村居民麻风病、皮肤病的发病情况。方法:设计调查问卷对当地村民进行麻风病、皮肤病流行病学调查,对经初筛的可疑麻风病、皮肤病人员进行检查以确定诊断。结果:调查的39325人中患有皮肤病者2165例,患病率5.51%;该地区居民麻风病核心信息总知晓率为32.73%,皮肤病知晓率为35.15%;性别及吸烟、喝酒等因素对皮肤病患病率无明显影响( P>0.05);不同年龄、文化程度、个人卫生习惯、居住环境的皮肤病患病率差异均有统计学意义( P <0.01)。结论:该地区居民麻风病、皮肤病知晓率较低,皮肤病患病率较高,提示我们今后应加强农村地区麻风病、皮肤病的健康教育工作。%Objective:To investigate the morbidity of leprosy and other dermatosis in Jinpu town, Chaoyang distract, Shantou city.Methods:Questionnaires were used to investigate the mor-bidity of leprosy and dermatosis in Jinpu town.Results:2 165 of 39 325 respondents suffer derma-tosis and the prevalence rate was 5.51%.The awareness rate of leprosy corn information and der-matosis were 32.73%and 35.15% respectively.Gender, smoking and alcoholism were not risk factors for dermatosis( P>0.05 ) .There was significant difference in the prevalence rate between different age, educational level, personal hygiene custom, living condition(P<0.01).Conclu-sions:The prevalence rate of dermatosis in Jinpu town was high, with a low awareness rate of lep-rosy and dermatosis.It suggests that the health education of leprosy and dermatosis in rural areas must be strengthened.

  1. Building a repository on European colonial architecture and town planning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Suijker, P.M.

    2014-01-01

    During the past two years the TU Delft Library has developed a repository to store data about architecture and town planning in the former Dutch colonies. Historical images, books, journals and archives coming from libraries and museums are scanned and stored into the repository. Information about

  2. Youth, Work and Lifestyles in an Indonesian Industrial Town

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Naafs (Suzanne)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractThis dissertation is an ethnographic study of lower middle class youth and their education-to-work transitions in the Indonesian industrial town of Cilegon, Banten. The study examines how relatively educated young men and women (upper secondary school and tertiary graduates) navigate the

  3. 营养宣教对南昌市城镇小学生营养知识、营养态度、营养行为的影响%Effects of Nutrition Propaganda and Education on Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Town Primary Students in Nanchang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯花

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解南昌市城镇小学生营养知识、营养态度、营养行为的现状,评价营养宣教对南昌市城镇小学生营养知识、营养态度和营养行为的影响.方法 采取整群抽样法,同时对290名南昌市城镇小学生采用自行设计的问卷调查表进行问卷调查,并进行营养宣教.比较营养宣教前后小学生营养知识、营养态度、营养行为情况.结果 南昌市城镇小学生营养宣教后营养知识评分值、总评分值均显著高于营养宣教前,差异均有统计学意义(均P<0.01);营养宣教后营养行为评分值显著高于营养宣教前,但差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).营养宣教后在非常关心健康、营养好坏对学习和健康有影响、对营养知识感兴趣、愿意放弃自己爱吃而不利于健康的食物、愿意吃不喜欢的健康食品、喜欢参加体育活动等方面所占比例均较营养宣教前增加,但差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05).营养宣教后在每周吃5~6次早餐、每天吃早餐等方面所占比例均较营养宣教前增加,但差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05).营养宣教后每天喝牛奶所占比例较营养宣教前增加,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);营养宣教后经常喝(3次及以上)牛奶、有时喝(3次以下)牛奶所占比例均较营养宣教前增加,但差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05);营养宣教后从不喝牛奶所占比例较营养宣教前下降,但差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).营养宣教后每天进食蔬菜5种以上所占比例均较营养宣教前增加,但差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05).结论 营养宣教能提高小学生的营养知识,改善其态度及行为,应在南昌市城镇小学中广泛开展.%Objective To understand the current situation of nutrition knowledge,attitude and behavior of town primary students in Nanchang city,and to evaluate the effects of nutrition propaganda and education on nutrition knowledge, attitude and

  4. Small Towns and Intercomunal Construction. Case Study: Bihor County, Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luminiţa FILIMON

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The present study intends to highlight the way in which the small towns in Bihor County, Romania are trying to find again their place and part in the upsetting territorial construction, through various mutations of their functions, after the fall of the communist regime. The setup of the Territorial Planning Units (TPUs in the effort to optimize the territorial development through construction of structures of intercommunal cooperation, turned some small towns in Bihor County into poles of local development. The question that this study intends to answer is: Are these towns capable to assume this role, considering the relict structures inherited from the communist past? In order to answer it, we considered the development potential of the small towns as a tool of assessment and validation of the viability of the poles imposed by the intercommunal construction. Thus, we carried out the comparison between the real development poles, highlighted by the analysis of potential, and non-viable development poles, imposed by the intercommunal construction, thus resulting in a typology. The suggested typology identifies three types of development poles: viable, vulnerable and non-viable. Applied to other counties as well, this typology can become a tool of assessment of the functionality of the intercommunal construction.

  5. Roman City Planning and Spatial Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-García, A. César; Magli, Giulio

    The towns founded by the Romans over the course of some eight centuries of history were always inspired by rigid principles of spatial organization, followed by the Roman military camps as well. The symbolism embodied in such rules was tightly and undubitably connected with the power of Rome. According to a variety of ancient sources, city planning involved ritual procedures inherited from the Etruscans and closely connected with the equipartition of the Cosmos according to cardinal directions. As a consequence, a role for astronomy has to be expected in Roman city planning. However, attempts at establishing a common rule have been doomed to failure up to now due both to methodological issues and to the practical mentality of the Romans, which in many cases appears to have overruled symbolic principles. We discuss these issues and present recent results obtained on the towns of Italy and of the Iberian Peninsula, which help to clarify the matter.

  6. 'Cursed' Communities? Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Company Towns and the Mining Industry in Namibia

    OpenAIRE

    Littlewood, David

    2014-01-01

    This article examines Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and mining community development, sustainability and viability. These issues are considered focussing on current and former company-owned mining towns in Namibia. Historically company towns have been a feature of mining activity in Namibia. However, the fate of such towns upon mine closure has been and remains controversial. Declining former mining communities and even ghost mining towns can be found across the country. This article ...

  7. City positioning theories and city core competencies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xinquan; Zhu

    2007-01-01

    Gity positioning The Chinese city in a decision develops the topic of the destiny. Since the 90's of 20 centuries, the economic integral and globalization developed rapidly. The development make national boundary become not so important, the function of the city is increasingly outstanding. In other words, national competition ability is morally now on the city competition ability. At the same time, this development result that the industry is divided internationally and is divided in cities. Therefore, under the condition of globalization, if the city wants the superior development, it must take advantages and avoid shortage, to position the city accurately, establish the competition and development the strategy. The city positioning is clearly defined the city competition ability, more important it indicated the direction of the city development. Trough the analysis of the resource and environment of the city, decide an accurate position of the best function of the city, well configure the inner and outside resource, catch the opportunities,face the challenges, maximized the market share in order to maximized the wealth and city competition ability.

  8. Tourism Development: Issues for Historic Walled Towns = Razvoj turizma v mestih z obzidjem

    OpenAIRE

    David Bruce; Tomi Brezovec

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses issues in tourism development and visitor management in historic walled towns. Historic towns and walled towns in particular, attract tourists that enjoy the preserved medieval ambience, architecture and picturesque streets. Tourism has an impact on economic and social life as well as on the urban and natural environment. Walled towns and cities with their obvious barriers exemplify and crystallise issues, challenges, and opportunities critical to the development of touri...

  9. 旅游地居民对主题景区旅游影响的感知与态度——以常州环球恐龙城为例%Residents' perception and attitude of the tourism impact of the Global Dinosaur Town in Changzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    衣传华; 黄常州

    2013-01-01

    以常州环球恐龙城为例,利用因子分析、回归分析和聚类分析等方法,研究了旅游地居民对主题景区旅游影响的感知与态度.结果表明:①常州城市居民对环球恐龙城旅游影响的感知特征可归纳为“社会失序”、“文化素质提升”、“地方认同和生活环境改善”、“吸引力增强”、“综合效益提升”、“生活环境恶化”和“生活成本提高”等7个维度,居民对积极影响的感知强度整体上高于消极影响.②常州城市居民对环球恐龙城发展的态度与旅游影响感知密切联系,各感知因子对居民态度的不同维度有显著影响.③根据对环球恐龙城发展的态度,可将常州城市居民划分为“乐观支持者”、“理性支持者”、“谨慎支持者”、“冷漠态度者”等4种类型,总体来说,常州城市居民对环球恐龙城旅游发展的态度较为积极与理性.%Taking Global Dinosaur Town in Changzhou City as an example,this paper makes a research about the residents' perception on and attitude towards the tourism impact of themed scenic spots by means of factor analysis,regression analysis,(and) cluster analysis.The results are shown as follows.(1) The residents' perceptions can be classified into seven dimensions; namely,“out of social order”,“improvement of the life quality”,“comprehensive benefits and local identification”,“increasing degree of extroversion and openness,“interruption of life”,environmental degradation”,and increasing cost of living”.And also the residents believe that the positive impacts of Global Dinosaur Town are more obvious than the negative ones.(2) The residents are in favor of the development of Global Dinosaur Town,(and) “comprehensive benefits” and “local identification”,“opening to the outside world”,and “increasing cost of living” exert great impacts on the residents' attitude.3.According to the different attitudes towards

  10. Quantify the landscape effect and environmental sustainability of rural re(g)ion planning at town scale near metropolis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shiliang LIU; Yuhong DONG; Minxia WEN; Bin CHEN

    2009-01-01

    The urban fringe, which can be seen as a special form of regional ecosystem with a spatial transition from urban to rural areas, has strong heterogeneity and is a typical ecologically sensitive area. The expansion of cities and the landscape effect of the changes have attracted wide attention. The primary aim of this study is to obtain an understanding of the spatial patterns of landscape conversion and the corresponding environmental sustainability. With the help of GIS and Fragstats software, the changes of landscape patterns before and after town planning were compared in An-Ding town of Beijing, of which the sustainability was also revealed based on the ecological footprint using social and economic statistic data. Theresults showed that the landscape pattern changed greatly during its conversion from several villages to a small town and the landscape fragmentation increased due to road construction. Meanwhile, human disturbance increased with the constructed land extension. For the gap between the ecological footprint and the biological capacity, AnDing town ran an ecological deficit at that period, which means it was unsustainable. However, the environmental sustainability decreased after planning due to the degraded green land and forest. The results suggested that ecological management should be strengthened during the town planning period.

  11. Research on Public Security System in Small Cities and Towns Based on Fishbone Diagram and Principal Component Analysis---A Case Study of Binxian County in Heilongjiang Province%基于鱼骨图和主成分法的小城镇公共安全体系研究--以黑龙江宾县为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙明; 王绍玉

    2015-01-01

    Environmental carrying capacity index are introduced into evaluation system of public safety in small towns based on fishbone diagram.By using Principal Component Analysis ( PCA) and with the help of SPSS ( Statistical Program for Social Sciences) software, carrying capacities for public security environment of 17 villages in Binxian County are evaluated.Factors affecting the bearing capacity of public security environment are found out, and the comprehensive evaluation value of the capacity in each village is calculated to get a sorting of the bear-ing capacities of different villages.The result shows that there are big differences among the bearing capacities;bearing factors of infrastructure and land affect the bearing capacities most;increasing investment into public safety and ecological infrastructure, and using idle land effectively could better improve the bearing capacity for public se-curity in cities and towns.%基于鱼骨图法,引入环境承载力指标构建小城镇公共安全评价体系。采用主成分法(PCA),结合统计软件SPSS对宾县17个乡镇的公共安全环境承载能力进行评价,找出影响公共安全环境承载能力的重要因子,计算出各乡镇公共安全承载能力的综合评价值,得到不同乡镇的公共安全承载能力排序。结果表明:各乡镇公共安全承载能力差异较大,且基础设施承载因子和土地承载因子是影响乡镇公共安全承载能力最重要的因子,加大公共安全和生态基础设施的投入、有效利用闲置土地,可以较好地提高城镇公共安全承载能力。

  12. Urban development and influential factors on urban form of towns in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the period of socialism and transition: Case study of Banjaluka and Trebinje

    OpenAIRE

    Milojević Brankica

    2013-01-01

    Throughout the history, the urban development of towns in Bosnia and Herzegovina has been strongly influenced by different social systems that were transponed into the urban space giving it general characteristics common for the most cities. The character of the urban form of cities also pointed to the influence of various individual factors which can be generally classified into three groups: the natural characteristics of the urban space, created physical...

  13. Mourning Mandela: sacred drama and digital visuality in Cape Town

    OpenAIRE

    Uimonen, Paula

    2015-01-01

    The world united in unprecedented ways in mourning the global icon Nelson Mandela, an emotionally charged historical event in which digital visuality played an influential role. The memorial service for Nelson Mandela on Tuesday, 10 December 2013, gathered dignitaries and celebrities from around the world at the First National Bank Stadium in Johannesburg, to mourn the passing of Madiba and to celebrate his life work. At the Grand Parade in Cape Town, the event was broadcast on large public s...

  14. Parental Loss and Schooling: Evidence from Metropolitan Cape Town

    OpenAIRE

    Cally Ardington; Murray Leibbrandt

    2009-01-01

    This paper makes use of the Cape Area Panel study (CAPS), a longitudinal study of youth and their families in metropolitan Cape Town in order to broaden the empirical body of evidence of the causal impact of parental death on children’s schooling in South Africa in two dimensions. First, analysis of CAPS allows us to examine the extent to which results may generalize across geographically and socioeconomically distinct areas. Second, CAPS allows for an explicit exploration of whether the caus...

  15. A provincial town as viewed by children and teenagers

    OpenAIRE

    Zhigaltsova Tatyana Valentinovna

    2015-01-01

    This article is the preliminary result of research “The image of the provincial town”. The author presents a definition and justification of the «mental map» to the local urban studies. The author identifies the places of disquiet which allow for the survey of transformation that mental values by children and teenagers in the provincial town to the North of Russia.

  16. Medieval town - fortress of Zvecan

    OpenAIRE

    Božović Ružica

    2015-01-01

    This paper is concerned with phenomenon of medieval town- fortress of Zvecan through examining (1) the town planning and spatial organization within the town, (2) its physical structure, (3) conception of medieval design and construction of Zvecan, (4) medieval instinct for correlation of shapes within the town and correlation of Zvecan and its surrounding, (5) comparison of Zvecan with medieval towns in the region and beyond. This medieval town as a whole ...

  17. New energy visions for the Town of Naie district. Human-friendly Town of Naie City by environment-friendly energies; Naiemachi chiiki shin energy vision. Kankyo ni yasashii energy ga tsukuru hito ni yasashii machi Naie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The new energy visions are drawn for Town of Naie, Sorachi-gun in Hokkaido, where the industrial sector (manufacturing industries) consumes more than 60% of the total energy consumption. By energy type, oil and others account for 80%. When arranged in the order of expected recoverable quantity, the new energies for the town include utilization of solar energy, photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation, and utilization of wastes, biomass energy (agricultural products) and snow energy. The basic guidelines for introduction of new energies are for health and welfare, clearing and utilization of snow, environmental education and bringing up talented persons, supporting the related entrepreneurs, and integration of new energy with promotion of energy-saving movement. The priority projects the town plans to promote include utilization of biogas and temperature-differential energy for the town's water purification center; foundation of the Naie eco-school; and drawing conceptions for utilization of underground heat, utilization of low-temperature and snow/ice energy, co-energy around the spa of Naie, and mega-solar and eco-park at the Sorachi housing complex. (NEDO)

  18. 我国乡镇基层青年团员的现状分析与对策研究--以湘乡市泉塘镇为例%The Status quo Analysis of China's Rural Grass-roots Youth Members and Countermeasures--Take Xiangxiang City Quantang Town as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李星

    2015-01-01

    Hunan Institute of Engineering, School of Mechanical Engineering Youth League Xiangxiang City Quantang Town utilization of field research data, on the factors affecting the Xiangxiang City Quantang Town members of youth de-velopment descriptive statistical analysis, in-depth understanding of the impact on rural development in youth development, reflect the value of youth is inseparable from the big stage to provide local, self-improvement is the potential development of contemporary youth community.%湖南工程学院机械工程学院团总支利用对湘乡市泉塘镇实地调研数据,对影响湘乡市泉塘镇团员青年发展的因素进行描述性统计分析,深入了解青年成长对乡镇发展的影响,青年的价值体现离不开当地为其提供的大舞台,当代青年的自我完善就是社会的潜在发展过程。

  19. The Illusive Ground between Town and Gown

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heaney, Tom

    2013-01-01

    This chapter addresses complex dynamics and turmoil that may be unleashed when universities attempt to engage with community. Benefits and risks are examined through stories that illustrate the power and potential conflicts at the core of academic intrusions into the lives of marginalized people.

  20. Small Town Renewal: Overview and Case Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenyon, Peter, Ed.; Black, Alan, Ed.

    Many small, inland, and remote Australian rural communities continue to lose population and businesses, a trend that has intensified over the last 2 decades. Mean age continues to rise, while the 15-24 age group contracts dramatically. Such declining demographics are caused by the stress and uncertainty of volatile world commodity markets, as well…

  1. Pinjarra 1970: Shame and the Country Town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robyn Ferrell

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Pinjarra in 1970 lay on an extraordinary cusp. It lagged along a fault line between one order and another; or rather, it squatted at a precipice, over which its cherished values had already been dashed to pieces. In 1967, Aboriginal people were at last, by national referendum, declared citizens of Australia. In 1969, Alcoa began to prepare the site in the hills behind Pinjarra for the open-cut mining of the largest bauxite deposit so far discovered in the world. The past met the future, and they didn’t recognise each other.

  2. 赤峰市某镇污水治理工程实例%A Sewage Treatment Project Case in a Town of Chifeng City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟稚会

    2012-01-01

    赤峰某镇污水处理厂按近期3×104 m3/d,远期按6×104 m3/d进行设计.通过对传统活性污泥法和SBR污水处理系统进行技术特性、工程投资、技术经济比较,确定选择SBR法污水处理系统.SBR池采用4池并联,运行周期为6h.污水处理成本为0.79元/m3.%The sewage treatment plant in a town of Chifeng city has been designed according to initial treatment capacity 3×104 m3/d and final treatment capacity 6×104 m3/d. Through comparison of technical characteristics, engineering investment, technical economic of the traditional activated sludge method and SBR sewage treatment system, SBR wastewater treatment system was selected. Four SBR pools were connected in parallel, cycle of operation was 6h. Sewage treatment cost was 0.79 Yuan / m3.

  3. Towns, tenements and buildings: aspects of medieval urban archaeology and geography

    OpenAIRE

    Baker, Nigel

    1990-01-01

    This thesis will argue that the most effective way of understanding the physical development of medieval towns, particularly the larger, more complex, towns and those which lack extensive and detailed contemporary documentation is by a structured integration of the data derived from the archaeological investigation of individual sites with detailed town-plan analyses following the methodology introduced and developed by Conzen. This will be demonstrated by two case-studies, designed to explor...

  4. Application and Comparison of Tsunami Vulnerability and Damage Models for the Town of Siracusa, Sicily, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pagnoni, Gianluca; Tinti, Stefano

    2016-03-01

    Siracusa is one of the most important cities of the eastern coast of Sicily, which according to historical records and to the present knowledge of the tectonic setting, is exposed to tsunamis generated by landslides on the Malta escarpment and by local and remote (e.g., Eastern Hellenic Arc) earthquakes. For this reason, the area of Siracusa has been selected as one of the test sites to conduct specific studies within the European FP7 project ASTARTE. In this frame, this work focuses on the assessment of tsunami vulnerability of (and damage to) the building stock of the town. The analysis is carried out following two different models, namely the SCHEMA and the Papathoma Tsunami Vulnerability Assessment (PTVA-3) methods. Topographic and building stock data in the potentially flooded areas are taken from detailed digital databases produced by the region of Sicily, integrated with satellite and photographic imagery from Google Earth and further validated by field surveys. We have explored three inundation scenarios corresponding to a constant-level tsunami flooding with assumed sea level rise of 1, 3 and 5 m, and evaluated the damage to the town buildings using both methods that make use of a 5-degree scale. The main result is that the level of damage of both models is not consistent, and that consistency may be improved if one changes from a 5- to a 3-degree damage scale.

  5. Poverty Occurrence Characteristics of Ancient Towns and Villages in Shanxi Province and Poverty Reduction Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Based on the questionnaire of 10 sample ancient towns and villages in Shanxi Province,we analyze the poverty occurrence characteristics of ancient towns and villages in Shanxi Province: the poverty incidence in ancient towns and villages is high,with the slow pace of poverty re- duction; the regional characteristics of poverty is prominent; there are conspicuous differences in income between residents living in old houses and residents not living in old houses; poverty reduction shows vulnerability and instability. Then we put forward countermeasures for poverty reduction of ancient towns and villages in Shanxi Province as follows: first,improving the targeting mechanism of poverty in ancient towns and villages; second,speeding up the development of agricultural industrialization in ancient towns and villages; third,advancing internal " urbanization" of ancient towns and villages and new countryside construction; fourth,strengthening infrastructure building in ancient towns and villages; fifth,providing fair and efficient allocation of resources,and reducing regional differences; sixth,promoting the ability of residents in ancient towns and villages to cope with poverty reduction vulnerability.

  6. Temporal and Spatial Difference Research of Comprehensive Development Level about Town Economic in County Unit--A Case Study of Pizhou City in Jiangsu Province%县域单元乡镇经济综合发展水平时空差异研究--以邳州市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘雅萍; 孙德芳; 丁丽娜

    2013-01-01

    Taking pizhou city in jiangsu province as an example, this article sets up the comprehensive development level evalua-tion index system of township economy, evaluates the comprehen-sive development level of township economy in 2000, 2005 and 2008 in pizhou by using the factor analysis method. And township comprehensive economic development level changes in space and time is measured by using dynamic degree model. Some research finding shows that the overall spatial pattern of the comprehensive economic development level of pizhou township seems like a“L”shape, its space structure shows a typical “pole-axis”structure, and its development level has a characteristic of“football”type. The trend of time-space evolution results in a gradually formed“football” type of town economic structure mode in pizhou.%  以江苏省邳州市为例,构建乡镇经济综合发展水平评价指标体系,运用因子分析法对2000、2005和2008年邳州市乡镇经济综合发展水平进行评价,并用动态度模型测度2000年至2008年各乡镇的经济综合发展水平时空变化情况。研究发现邳州市乡镇经济综合发展水平的现状空间格局总体呈现反“L”形,空间结构呈现“点-轴”结构,发展等级呈现典型的“橄榄球”型;其时空演化的趋势是邳州市乡镇“橄榄球型”的经济结构模式逐步形成。

  7. 面向乡村度假游发展的小城镇总体规划实践——以福清市南岭镇为例%The master planning practice Based on rural tourism ——Taking the city of Fuqing in the town as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李寿涛

    2012-01-01

    福建是旅游大省,许多小城镇都拥有较高开发价值的旅游景观,在休闲旅游时代来临和全省推进试点城镇的背景下,这类小城镇表现出较强地发展诉求。但基于乡村旅游的小城镇,具有鲜明的自身特征,如人口季节波动性、设施超标准配置需求以及生态的脆弱性等,目前城镇的相关规范不足指导其规划编制。本文从福建南岭旅游小城镇总体规划实践出发,契合度假旅游和小城镇的特点,探讨面向度假旅游小城镇规划技术重点,希望为我省这一类小城镇规划编制提供有益的启发。%Fujian is a major tourism province, many small towns have high value for development of tourism landscape, tourism and leisure era and in the province to promote the pilot cities and towns under the background, this kind of small towns showed strong development appeal. But based on rural tourism small town, has its own characteristics, such as population, seasonal fluctuation, facilities of standard configuration needs and ecologi- cal vulnerability, at present town related standard insufficient guidance of planning. This article from the Fujian tourism small town master planning practice, FIT tourism and small town characteristic, discuss the holiday tourism small town planning technical focus, hope for our province this kind of town planning to provide beneficial inspiration.

  8. Symmetry distribution of cities in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The authors of this paper induced five principles of geographical symmetry based on the space distributions of cities and towns in China. There is a symmetry distribution of cities and towns. The symmetry characteristics are the following: (i) the average coordination number of the cities (including large cities, medium cities and county towns) is 6 ( i.g. rotation symmetry); (ii) the distribution of large and medium cities are shown to be the latticework in which two directions are parallel to two main tectonic ones in China, respectively; (iii) the distribution of county towns of a province is also shown to be the latticework in which two directions are parallel to two tectonic ones in this province (i. g. two-dimensional translation ) and (iv) the concentric circle distribution of cities (CCDC) is centered round a large city (i. g. rotation symmetry).

  9. Cities and human security

    OpenAIRE

    Szpak, Agnieszka

    2016-01-01

    Cities have been researched mostly in terms of their economic, technological, and social value and significance. Despite some changes in this respect there is still a need to research cities as a fascinating phenomenon, also in respect of its capabilities to increase human security on a local and global scale. The article examines the role of cities for human security in the selected and representative fields such as sustainable development, human rights and environmental protection which are...

  10. Investigation and analysis of the incidence of diabetes in the elderly of Mangshan town health center in the old city of Luoyang City%洛阳市老城区邙山镇卫生院老年人糖尿病发病率的调查及分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹灵军

    2016-01-01

    Objective:In order to make a better prevention and cure of diabetes,the incidence of diabetes in elderly people in our town was analyzed retrospectively.Methods:936 eldly people over 60 years old were selected,all of them were screened for fasting blood glucose and postprandial 2 h blood glucose.Results:The incidence of diabetes in the elderly was 10.1%.The incidence of the disease was gradually decreased with age,and the higher concentration was between 60 and 80 years old,the incidence rate was low for eldly over 85 years old,and elderly diabetic patients with more complications.Conclusion:Elderly people have a high incidence of diabetes,and often combined with chronic diseases,we should strengthen the screening and prevention.%目的:对本镇老年人糖尿病的发病率进行回顾性分析,以更好地进行防治.方法:选取60岁以上的老年人936例,进行空腹血糖及餐后2 h血糖的检测筛查.结果:老年人糖尿病发病率10.1%;发病率随着年龄的增长逐渐降低,较高地集中在60~80岁,85岁以上发病率较低;并且老年人糖尿病患者合并症较多.结论:老年人糖尿病发病率较高,常合并慢性疾病,应加强筛查及防治.

  11. Mourning Mandela: sacred drama and digital visuality in Cape Town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Uimonen

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The world united in unprecedented ways in mourning the global icon Nelson Mandela, an emotionally charged historical event in which digital visuality played an influential role. The memorial service for Nelson Mandela on Tuesday, 10 December 2013, gathered dignitaries and celebrities from around the world at the First National Bank Stadium in Johannesburg, to mourn the passing of Madiba and to celebrate his life work. At the Grand Parade in Cape Town, the event was broadcast on large public screens, followed by live music performances and narrowcast interaction with the audience. Building on recent research on public screens during global media events, this article addresses the mediated mourning rituals at the Grand Parade in terms of a sacred drama. Focusing on social relationality, the article discusses how digital visuality mediated a sense of global communitas, thus momentarily overcoming historical frictions between the global north and the global south, while expanding the fame of Madiba. Paying attention to the public display of visual memory objects and the emotional agency of images, it argues that digital visuality mediated social frictions between the living and the dead, while recasting a historical subject as a historical object. The article further discusses how digital visuality mediated cultural frictions of apartheid and xenophobia, through the positioning of Mandela in the pantheon of Pan-African icons, thus underlining the African origin of this global icon. The analysis is based on ethnographic observations and experiences in Cape Town.

  12. In-town dispersion calculations with RIMPUFF and UDM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Astrup, P.; Thykier-Nielsen, S.; Mikkelsen, Torben

    2005-11-01

    Input to ERMIN, deposition of radioactive matter inside inhabited areas from releases both within and outside such areas, shall in a decision support system be produced by dispersion codes, followed by data-assimilation. The present work focuses on the differences in near surface concentrations and in depositions obtained with a code designed for dispersion of a release from a nuclear power plant, typically situated at a distance from densely inhabited areas, and a code specifically designed for predicting dispersion from sources inside urban areas. The codes applied are the RIMPUFF code, RIsoe Mesoscale PUFF model from Risoe National Laboratory, Denmark, and the UDM code, Urban Dispersion Model, from 'dstl', Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, Porton Down, United Kingdom. For an above-town release only small differences are seen between the codes, but for a in-town ground release, e.g. a dirty bomb, the UDM code predicts much larger concentrations in an area close to the release point and, if wind shifts occur, gives a rather different plume all over. (au)

  13. Privacy and Social Interaction in Traditional Towns to Contemporary Urban Design in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samira Ramezani

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Privacy as an inherent feature of Iranian culture is evident in formation of Iranian traditional towns. Put differently, attention to the inside was one of the most desirable principles in Iranian traditional architecture as well as urbanism. However, privacy did not lead to isolation in Iranian culture and social contact was also of a great importance to Iranians. Problem statement: Although sense of privacy as well as sociality are still parts of Iranian culture and have been transferred from one generation to another, contemporary cities do not meet these needs. Newly designed cities have encountered a decrease in sense of privacy and social interaction among residents. Approach: Coming up with an alternative solution for urban design which would respect this culture in cotemporary cities while matching the new life style of people, would contribute to achieving a sustainable urban form one of the principles of which is social and cultural sustainability. This article, therefore, aimed to reveal how the traditional urban form considered resident’s needs of privacy as well as social interaction simultaneously and how to regenerate sense of privacy and social contact in the contemporary neighborhoods in Iran. The method used in this study was analysis of data gathered through library study. Results: This study suggested that the existence of transitional spaces in traditional cities was the main reason for simultaneous generation of privacy and social interaction, thus, a contemporized form of those spaces in contemporary residential areas might help in increasing the aforementioned attitudes in contemporary cities. Conclusion: This study has an important implication for those involved in development of new neighborhoods. It would be hoped that this study triggers creative future design solutions that would consider the socio-cultural issues in designing as well as planning processes.

  14. Unstructured socialization and territorialization. A street-ethnographic take on urban youth in a medium-sized town in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gravesen, David Thore; Frostholm, Peter Hornbæk

    2015-01-01

    Unstructured socialization and territorialization. A street-ethnographic take on urban youth in a medium-sized town in Denmark. In 2013, the municipality in Horsens, a medium-sized provincial town in Denmark, bestowed the city's children and young people a skater / parkour / ball-cage facility...... kinds the groups fight for space and place for their unstructured socialization processes with their peers. Officially, the municipality donated the facility to give local children and young people an opportunity to use their bodies and participate in diverting and edifying cultural activities within...... the urban space. But not all children and young people subscribe to these municipal agendas, and thus conflicting relationships also occur between the municipality and (particu-larly) some groups of young people, whose forms of capital, activities and cultural life is not consistent with the normative basis...

  15. Developing Rural Central Towns:A Logical Necessity of Urbanization in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    There are a great number of small towns that distribute widely in China.How to develop a group of medium-and small-sized cities through central town development has turned into a strategic issue in the urbanization process of China.The paper analyzes the development goal of medium-and small-sized cities and the advantages and limitation for current central town development.It is stressed that developing central towns is a necessary process for China’s urbanization.

  16. 76 FR 16440 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Permits, Town of Apple Valley, San Bernardino...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Permits, Town of Apple Valley... expected application from the Town of Apple Valley, CA, for an incidental take permit (ITP) under the... Dale Evans Parkway, Apple Valley, CA 92307. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jen Lechuga,...

  17. The shrinking mining city: urban dynamics and contested territory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez-Fernandez, Cristina; Wu, Chung-Tong; Schatz, Laura K; Taira, Nobuhisa; Vargas-Hernández, José G

    2012-01-01

    Shrinking mining cities — once prosperous settlements servicing a mining site or a system of mining sites — are characterized by long-term population and/or economic decline. Many of these towns experience periods of growth and shrinkage, mirroring the ebbs and flows of international mineral markets which determine the fortunes of the dominant mining corporation upon which each of these towns heavily depends. This dependence on one main industry produces a parallel development in the fluctuations of both workforce and population. Thus, the strategies of the main company in these towns can, to a great extent, determine future developments and have a great impact on urban management plans. Climate conditions, knowledge, education and health services, as well as transportation links, are important factors that have impacted on lifestyles in mining cities, but it is the parallel development with the private sector operators (often a single corporation) that constitutes the distinctive feature of these cities and that ultimately defines their shrinkage. This article discusses shrinking mining cities in capitalist economies, the factors underpinning their development, and some of the planning and community challenges faced by these cities in Australia, Canada, Japan and Mexico.

  18. The shrinking mining city: urban dynamics and contested territory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez-Fernandez, Cristina; Wu, Chung-Tong; Schatz, Laura K; Taira, Nobuhisa; Vargas-Hernández, José G

    2012-01-01

    Shrinking mining cities — once prosperous settlements servicing a mining site or a system of mining sites — are characterized by long-term population and/or economic decline. Many of these towns experience periods of growth and shrinkage, mirroring the ebbs and flows of international mineral markets which determine the fortunes of the dominant mining corporation upon which each of these towns heavily depends. This dependence on one main industry produces a parallel development in the fluctuations of both workforce and population. Thus, the strategies of the main company in these towns can, to a great extent, determine future developments and have a great impact on urban management plans. Climate conditions, knowledge, education and health services, as well as transportation links, are important factors that have impacted on lifestyles in mining cities, but it is the parallel development with the private sector operators (often a single corporation) that constitutes the distinctive feature of these cities and that ultimately defines their shrinkage. This article discusses shrinking mining cities in capitalist economies, the factors underpinning their development, and some of the planning and community challenges faced by these cities in Australia, Canada, Japan and Mexico. PMID:22518883

  19. Changing tune in Woodstock: Creative industries and local urban development in Cape Town, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Wenz

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Since the beginning of the new millennium, a plethora of works has been published on the making of the ‘creative city’ and the urban impact of the creative economy. So far, however, limited recognition has been given to how the development of cultural industries and the creative economy as a whole influences urban transformation in the rapidly urbanising Global South, especially in Africa. In Cape Town, a steadily growing number of creative industries and ‘culturepreneurs’ (Lange 2005 are carving out new spaces from the city’s highly contested urban setting. Over the past five years, the mixed-use, inner-city fringe area of Woodstock has seen the incessant arrival of creatives from various sectors. Travelling alongside is a property sector geared towards catering specifically for the creative industries’ spatial demands by turning old industrial structures – the remains of Woodstock’s former capacity as national hub for clothing, food processing and other light manufacturing – into creative centres hosting international film studios, leading galleries and designer ‘theatre retail spaces’. After setting the stage through a comprehensive introduction to the rise of the creative economy in South Africa and Cape Town, this article tunes into the current local development of Woodstock, based on extensive field research in the area. It traces ways and forms of conflict but also new social interfaces between the new creative tenants and the old established community, on the one hand pointing to problematic issues like lingering gentrification, sociospatial polarisation and lopsided cultural representation while also trying to flesh out some of the opportunities for finding the right frequency of engagement between creative industries and spaces of vernacular creativity within Cape Town’s post-apartheid urban realm. Keywords: Creative economy, creative city, Global South, urban regeneration, gentrification, vernacular

  20. Urban Green Space Policies : A Comparative Study on Performance and Success Conditions in European Cities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijkamp, Peter; Baycan-Levent, T.

    2004-01-01

    Urban green spaces play a key role in improving the liveability of our towns and cities. The quality and viability of cities depend largely on the design, management and maintenance of urban green as well as on open and public spaces that make up an important social constellation and offer a visu

  1. Patient's Mental State and Psychological Recovery after the Earthquake in Qiaojia Town of Zhaotong City in Yunnan Province%云南省昭通市巧家县地震后患者心理状态及心理恢复

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏永兵

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To research patient's mental state and psychological recovery after the earth-quake in Qiaojia Town of Zhaotong City in Yunnan province.Methods:August 23 to August 11,2014,my colleagues and author got prospective observational study to a total of 258 cases of patients in Qiaojia town.Standard international classification of disease damage and cause of the tenth edition(ICD -10) were used to analyze depression, fear, and conduct disorder.Results:The psychological status gap be-tween severe injuries and minor injuries were statistically significant ( chi -square =12 .522 , P =0.000).Minor injuries psychological state was generally better,recover faster than severe injuries.Admis-sion and discharge of conduct disorder between two groups had no statistical difference.Depression and extensive anxiety between two groups in-hospital and out-hospital had no statistical difference.Severe injuries and minor injuries group had statistical difference(t=3.243,P<0.05) when out-hospital.Ad-mission and discharge both had statistical difference(t=4.531,P<0.05) between in-hospital and out-hospital.Conclusion:After the earthquake,psychological state of severe injuries and minor injuries re-cover well.Out-hospital and in-hospital have psychological recovery well.Patients can soon return to normal life,with a good attitude to meet the future life.%目的:研究云南省昭通市巧家县地震后患者心理状态及心理恢复。方法:2014年8月23日到9月11日笔者和同事对巧家县共计258例就诊者进行前瞻性观察性研究,国际疾病伤害及死因分类标准第十版( ICD-10)分析抑郁、恐惧和品行障碍情况。结果:重伤和轻伤各个时间段之间心理状态差距具有统计学意义(χ2=12.522,P=0.000)。轻伤者心理状态较重伤者普遍好,恢复也快。两组入院和出院的品行障碍在组间和组内之间均无统计学差异(P>0.05)。两组入院抑郁发作和广泛焦

  2. Old regime towns and villages: consent and conflict in local castile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Truchuelo García

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Castilian towns and villages had a long development process in medieval times. Then, they were formed as political bodies to the prosecution of the common good. Despite town and village reciprocal relationships were part of the common political body they formed together, their relationships were hierarchical. Towns, as heads of jurisdictional districts, kept relations of domination on the villages. There, powerful local lineages tried to widen their authority and power. This traditional scheme, that explained town and village Old Regime relationships, was changing in the long-run perspective. Charles V initiated sales of town titles and privileges to increase royal incomes. This favored not only these last, but also higher degrees of jurisdictional local autonomy and, at the same time, it went in favor of local oligarchies aspirations of wider spheres of local self government

  3. 甘肃山区城镇地质灾害风险区划技术方法探讨%Geological disaster risk assessment methods for mountainous cities and towns in Gansu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭富赟; 孟兴民; 张永军; 李松; 谢正团; 熊木齐; 郭鹏

    2014-01-01

    The methods for geological hazard assessment in China and abroad were first briefly analyzed and then, according to the development situation of the geological disasters in mountainous areas of Gansu Province covered by the urban risk assessment project, and focusing on work deployment, technical ideas and evaluation methods for large scale risk assessment, especially for a quantitative evaluation method of geological disasters, the vulnerability and risk assessment were summarized and made. According to the characteristics of geological disaster risks, the geological disaster risk assessment was considered a progressive process, which means that the recognition of disaster should be the core of risk assessment, the risk assessment of geological disasters should be a key link, the vulnerability assessment should be the basis of the risk assessment, and risk zoning should be a comprehensive result of assessing risks and vulnerability.%在简要分析国内外地质灾害风险评估研究进展的基础上,根据甘肃省山区城镇地质灾害风险评估项目开展的情况,重点探讨了大比例尺风险评估工作部署、技术思路和评价方法,尤其是对地质灾害危险性、易损性和风险评估量化评价方法进行了总结。根据地质灾害风险评估工作特点,指出了地质灾害风险评估是一个递进性的过程。其中致灾体识别是风险评估的核心内容,地质灾害危险性评价是关键环节,易损性评价是在危险性评价的基础上得出的结果,风险区划则是危险性和易损性的综合结果。

  4. 41 CFR 102-173.55 - What is the naming convention for Cities and Townships?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...; (iii) Charleston-wv.gov; (iv) Townofdumfries-va.gov; and (v) Detroitmi.gov. (2) GSA reserves the right... TELECOMMUNICATIONS 173-INTERNET GOV DOMAIN Registration § 102-173.55 What is the naming convention for Cities and Townships? (a) To register any second-level domain within dot-gov, City (town) governments must register...

  5. China countryside land market development innovation research basing on city and town integration%基于城乡一体化的我国农村土地市场发展创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓兰燕

    2011-01-01

    Through market mechanism to allocate land has become the practice in the world,compared with the urban state-owned land to the development of the market,rural collective land market development is slow,in both urban and rural land market duality,land secondary market by subject and use restrictions,land of 3 class market under the background of relative lack gradually highlight some new problems.Should be definite rural land property rights,breakthrough rural land use restrictions,perfect market requirements,foster two 3 class market,and gradually establish urban and rural unity,equality and orderly land market.%通过市场机制配置土地已成为世界各国通行的做法,相比城市国有土地市场的发展,农村集体土地市场发育缓慢,在城乡土地市场二元性、土地二级市场受到主体和用途限制、土地三级市场相对缺失的背景下逐渐凸显一些新问题。建议明确农村土地产权、突破农村土地用途限制、完善市场要件、培育二、三级市场,逐步建立城乡统一、平等、有序的土地市场。

  6. 初次分配对城乡收入差距影响的实证分析%Demonstrative analysis of first distribution's influence on city and town income difference

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔杏

    2011-01-01

    This article used econometric method,Between 2000~2009 using data from the initial distribution of urban and rural per capita income gap between urban and rural per capita incomegap with the relationship between the empirical analysis,Established the corresponding regression model,and conducted Granger causality test.The results show that:the initial distribution of urban-rural income gap and income gap between urban and rural areas there is a close relationship,Primary distribution of income gap between urban and rural areas on a promoting role in urban-rural income gap.that means the initial distribution of income inequality is bound to promote the further expansion of urban-rural income gap.this article gives the appropriate policy recommendations on the base of analysing the elements of primary distribution of income.%本文运用经济计量方法,利用2000~2009年间的数据,对城乡人均初次分配收入差距与城乡人均收入差距之间的关系进行实证分析,建立了相应的回归模型,并进行了Granger因果关系检验。研究结果表明:城乡初次分配收入差距与城乡收入差距之间存在密切的关系,城乡初次分配收入差距对城乡收入差距具有推进的作用,意味着初次分配收入差距的扩大必然会促进城乡收入差距的进一步扩大。在对初次分配收入要素进行分析的基础上,本文给出了相应的政策建议。

  7. Perfil do administrador de clínica oftalmológica na Grande São Paulo The profile of the ophthalmic clinic manager in São Paulo city and neighboring towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Wilson Nogueira Neves

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar o perfil do administrador de clínica oftalmológica na Grande São Paulo. MÉTODOS: Foram encaminhados questionários para clínicas oftalmológicas sorteadas aleatoriamente. Variáveis analisadas: sexo, idade, escolaridade, cursos de graduação e pós-graduação, participação na sociedade, carga horária efetiva, visão de carreira, e sistemática de remuneração e número de consultas/mês da clínica. RESULTADOS: Cinqüenta e cinco por cento eram homens, 60% tinham de 30 a 59 anos, para 60% era sua primeira experiência na área e 56% administravam clínicas com mais de 1000 consultas/mês. Entre os que tinham formação universitária (70%, 56% concluíram curso de Administração de Empresas. Metade dos entrevistados tinham pós-graduação, sendo os cursos preferidos: Administração Hospitalar (40% e MBA (30%. Somente 10% eram sócios da clínica. Trabalham acima de 40 horas/semana 75% dos profissionais. Atualmente 60% não fazem curso na área e 56% acham que o incentivo à carreira deve vir da clínica. Benefícios: 75% dos profissionais têm planos de saúde e/ou carteira assinada. Remuneração: salário com participação no faturamento (48% e o salário fixo (42%. CONCLUSÕES: Neste estudo, encontramos a profissão de administrador de clínicas estruturando-se com profissionais de ambos os sexos, formação em Administração de Empresas, alguns com pós-graduação na área, carga horária acima de 40 h semanais, acreditando que a clínica deve investir em seu aperfeiçoamento. Fazem-se necessários outros estudos que contribuam para melhor conhecimento deste profissional.PURPOSE: To check the profile of the ophthalmology clinic administrator in Great São Paulo. METHODS: Several questionnaires were sent to clinics at random. Sex, age, schooling, graduate and postgraduate courses, partnership in the clinic, working hours, career plan, payment system and the amount of appointments per month in the clinic

  8. Jutustuse ja romaani vahel: Elisabeth Aspe linn. Between a story and a novel : Elisabeth Aspe’ s town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elle-Mari Talivee

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The following article analyses the description of towns in the short novels of Elisabeth Aspe: Kasuõde (Stepsister, 1887, Ennosaare Ain (Ain From Ennosaare Farm, 1888, Anna Dorothea (1891 and Aastate pärast (After Many Years, 1910. Aspe (1860–1927, one of the first Estonian female writers and an early realist, lived on the town border of Pärnu in south-west Estonia. During this historically interesting period, towns grew rapidly, but the ideology initiated by the national awakening movement concentrated on the idea of a nation being tightly bound to the countryside. Aspe’s works are like a litmus test of her time, and were influenced by German authors (Ottilie Wildermuth, W. Heimburg and Eugenie Marlitt, as well as by the Estonian national awakening period. Her first (epistolary novel is based on a pure opposition between the city and the country; in her later novels, the emphasis has changed: the contrasts are suddenly more ambivalent. One possible explanation is the impelling emergence of city thematics, and the early city novel replacing the village story – a process that began in Estonian literature at that time – resulting in a more complicated picture than a simple black-and-white opposition. This was a period of mapping, describing and exploring the townscape with curiosity and eagerness; also, it was a period of warning social criticism. For example, Eduard Vilde wrote a novel about factories consuming their workers, and men from country villages coming to a town. It was also a time of a fight for Estonia’s own town space, persuading the Estonian reader that he/she had the same right to live in towns, and even to govern towns, as the existing upper classes from other nationalities. In Ain From Ennosaare Farm, the protagonist has a double Estonian- German identity, belonging simultaneously to the town and to the countryside; finally, he acknowledges his ethnic origin. Throughout Aspe’s novels, the word “city” has a

  9. Relocating a city, challenges and opportunities for the transition of the water infrastructure in Kiruna

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leonhardt, G.; Kuzniecow Bacchin, T.; Mair, M.; Zischg, J.; Ljung, S.; Rogers, B.; Goldkuhl, L.; Gustafsson, A.; Sitzenfrei, R.; Blecken, G.; Ashley, R.; Rauch, W.; van Timmeren, A.; Viklander, M.

    2015-01-01

    The city of Kiruna in Northern Sweden has become known for the need to relocate major parts of the city. Current and future mining activities in the world’s largest underground iron ore mine are the cause of land subsidence that requires relocation of substantial parts of the town including its wate

  10. Cities and Children: the challenge of urbanisation in Tanzania

    OpenAIRE

    United Nations Children’s Fund

    2012-01-01

    Cities are becoming home to a growing proportion of Africa’s children. In Tanzania, already one in four lives in an urban centre – and many more will in coming years. Within the short span of a generation, more than one-third of Tanzania’s children will be raised in a city or town. Growing up urban can offer these children the chance for a brighter future, or the grim conditions in which so many are now living in the sprawling cities of the continent. Increasingly urban Tanzan...

  11. Cathair Luimnig agus an tSionainn - Abainn na Mainistreac cun tosaig, ??ire [Limerick City and Shannon with River Abbey in foreground, Ireland

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Postcard. Colour aerial photograph of Limerick City and Shannon and Abbey rivers. Printed on reverse "The Shannon and its arm, the Abbey river, divide Limerick City into three districts, connected by four bridges. on King's Island (Inis Ubhain) is English Town which together with Irish Town on the southern bank formaed the old city. Newtown Pery is the principal residential and commercial part. Thomondgate and Lansdowne suburbs are on the Clare side of the Shannon. in the foreground of this v...

  12. 76 FR 21741 - Twenty-First Century Communications and Video Programming Accessibility Act; Announcement of Town...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-18

    ... COMMISSION Twenty-First Century Communications and Video Programming Accessibility Act; Announcement of Town... Programming Accessibility Act (the Act or CVAA) hosted by the California State University at Northridge (CSUN... and video programming changes required by the Act. DATES: The Town Hall meeting was held on...

  13. Homogenisation processes and local effects on avifaunal composition in Italian towns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorace, Alberto; Gustin, Marco

    2008-01-01

    We tested whether urbanization homogenizes breeding bird communities. We compared the similarity of breeding bird communities among different urban sectors: town centres, inner periphery, outer periphery and scarcely built areas, at regional and local scale in 26 Italian towns. If urbanization causes homogenisation, the similarity of bird communities between different towns should be higher in the more urbanised sectors. We obtained data on presence of bird species in each square of the grid of urban atlases. We used the frequency of each species in each urban sector to calculate a similarity index. The similarity of the avifauna between towns was lowest in scarcely built areas and highest in the inner periphery. For each urban sector, the similarity indices between towns were negatively correlated with differences in both latitude and altitude between towns. The values of regression coefficient increased from the centre to the less urbanised sectors although the scarcely built area did not show the highest values. The frequency of a specialist group, the Mediterranean species, was negatively correlated with latitude only in the least urbanised sector. These results indicate that urbanization promotes homogenisation of biological communities. However, the similarity of avifauna between sectors in each town was higher than the similarity between different towns for the same sector. These and other findings suggest that local factors play an important role for the composition of urban bird communities.

  14. Scale-free Structure of Town Road Network in Southern Jiangsu Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    From the viewpoint of Graph Theory this paper builds a town road network graph of regional scale, and proposes numerical vertex degree (Di), rank vertex degree (Dr) and population size vertex degree (Dp) on the base of vertex degree (D). Then the indicators of Di, Dr, Dp and mathematical statistics methods are applied to investigating scale-free structure of town road networks in the southern Jiangsu Province. The results show that the distribution of Di does not exhibit scale-free properties, but Dr and Dp do. Additionally the correlation coefficient between Dp and Di is only 0.569, but the spatial correlation between Dp and Dr is very evident on the base of correlation analysis and spatial analysis of GIS. The mutual mechanism between Dp and Dr spatially represents a "Core-Belt" model of town development of regional scale. The town development model is open and clustered, and beneficial to both economic development and ecological protection. And then we suggest that Suzhou City, Wuxi City, Changzhou City and Wujin City control towns' high-density pattern by conducting centralization and consolidation policies, and properly controlling and planning higher rank roads; whereas Nanjing City, Zhenjiang City, Jintan City and Liyang City must strengthen the development of towns along higher rank roads.

  15. 76 FR 13642 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-14

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for... announcing a public meeting entitled ``Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and...-6664 and request the group rate for the ``Food & Drug Administration Town Hall Meeting'' room...

  16. 76 FR 6476 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-04

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for... announcing a public meeting entitled ``Town Hall Discussion with the Director of the Center for Devices and..., CDRH held three Town Hall meetings in Minneapolis, MN; Boston, MA; and Los Angeles, CA to provide...

  17. 76 FR 41804 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-15

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for... announcing a public meeting entitled ``Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and... accommodations should call 650- 589-3400 and request the group rate for the ``FDA/CDRH Town Hall Meeting''...

  18. Globalization and cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrović Mina

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the basic concepts on cities within contemporary globalisation. First, it briefly reviews the city perspective within the world system theory (concepts of over-urbanisation, under-urbanisation, and dependent urbanisation, new international division of labour, theory of the second circuit of capital and informational society. The second part of the paper is dedicated to the concepts of global and world cities and their implications for the cities in developed and developing countries (including post-socialist. Urban policy and urban regime concepts are analysed in the third part, by focusing on economic competitiveness and democratic potentials of (developed, developing and post-socialist cities in the global world. Finally, paper concludes that new analytical concepts on cities developed since the1970’s actually deconstruct and reconstitute inherited forms of urban analysis with more or less success. Increased importance of cities as socio-economic actors in global economy has not contributed to the closure of the developmental gap. Contrary to that, it has been reproducing according to the new regulatory principles.

  19. Model cities

    OpenAIRE

    M Batty

    2007-01-01

    The term ?model? is now central to our thinking about how weunderstand and design cities. We suggest a variety of ways inwhich we use ?models?, linking these ideas to Abercrombie?sexposition of Town and Country Planning which represented thestate of the art fifty years ago. Here we focus on using models asphysical representations of the city, tracing the development ofsymbolic models where the focus is on simulating how functiongenerates form, to iconic models where the focus is on representi...

  20. Town mouse or country mouse: identifying a town dislocation effect in Chinese urbanization.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fei Wang

    Full Text Available Understanding urbanization and evaluating its impact are vital for formulating global sustainable development. The results obtained from evaluating the impact of urbanization, however, depend on the kind of measurement used. With the goal of increasing our understanding of the impact of urbanization, we developed direct and indirect subjective indicators to measure how people assess their living situation. The survey revealed that the projected endorsements and perceived social ambiance of people toward living in different types of settlements did not improve along with the urbanization level in China. The assessment scores from the city dwellers were not significantly different from those from the country areas and, more surprisingly, both were significantly higher than the assessment scores of the town dwellers, which we had expected to fall between the assessment scores of the country and city dwellers. Instead their scores were the lowest. We dubbed this V-shaped relationship the "town dislocation effect." When searching for a potential explanation for this effect, we found additional town dislocation effects in social support, loss aversion, and receptivity toward genetically modified food. Further analysis showed that only social support mediated the relationship between the three tiers of settlements (cities, country areas, and towns and the subjective indicator. The projected endorsements yielded significant subjective assessments that could enhance our understanding of Chinese urbanization. Towns posed specific problems that require special attention.

  1. Surveying the Process of Physical Development of Sahand New Town and Defining Appropriate Districts for Its Future Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Pourjafar

    2012-01-01

    appropriate ecological capabilities. The main goal of this study is defining the best direction for city development that has the least short-time and longtime bad effects. Research method is descriptive and analytical method and data have been collected from library and observational study. Sahand is a new town in East Azerbaijan which was constructed about two decades ago for controlling the extreme growth of Tabriz and for attracting the extra population of this metropolis. Sahand new town is 20 kilometers far away from Tabriz and it became a town in 2007. It has a population of about 16000 and a population of about 90000 was forecasted for this town at its master plan. The area of allocated lands for this town is about 12650 hectare and it is situated on the hillside of Sahand Mountain. According to the process of ecological capability assessment in this research, for assessing the ecological capability of each region, we have to identify a lot of natural resources parameters. In order to provide these resources for assessment, they must become to land identification and resource maps. Subsequently, this information will be used as different information layers for assessing. Also, the information and the requirements for this model of ecological capability assessment were arranged according to the criteria of ecologic model (urban, rural and industrial development model.In the next stage, given the systematic method and also applying software applications such as GIS, data layers were analyzed, integrated and overlaid by AHP technique. Then, the final map of ecological capability of case study region was produced. This map was produced according to privileging two groups of lands, quiet appropriate and rather appropriate lands. Eventually, the final map of ecological capability of case study region was produced by overlaying the maps of these two kinds of lands with regard to both groups. So, the appropriate land for future development of Sahand new town was determined.4

  2. Urbanismo vs urbanización: distintas modalidades de hacer ciudad. / Town planning versus urbanization. Different ways of doing city.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cardenas Jirón, Luz Alicia

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available El Plan Regulador Comunal es el instrumento normativo de planeación urbanística chilena, cuya formulación pretende regular en el ámbito comunal básicamente los siguientes aspectos: los usos de suelo, las condiciones de edificación y subdivisión del suelo, la red vial estructurante y los limites urbanos.Se cree que este instrumento es imperfecto toda vez que no incorpora en la normativa una dimensión clave del urbanismo: la morfología urbana, entendida como el sistema espacial tridimensional de la ciudad. Por el contrario, el análisis empírico demuestra que factores como la forma urbana son respuestas del libre juego de fuerzas económicas y sociales modeladoras del espacio. En consecuencia, lo que domina es un patrón de urbanización en vez de un proyecto de urbanismo; las cuales son modalidades muy distintas de hacer ciudad.Este articulo pretende demostrar que la forma urbana, derivada de la aplicación del instrumento normativo en una comuna perimetral metropolitana como es Maipú, es uno de los impactos no previstos por el Plan Regulador, pero que podría incorporarse en un nuevo instrumento de planificación urbana./ Metropolitan Santiago is one of the many Latin American cities which has been developed according to a spread model of urbanisation. This pattern has caused at least two types of consequences: economic and physical ones. The former is shown in the speculation of land value at the rural fringe of the metropolitan area which has low prices, these have suddenly increased after the normative changes in the land use, from rural to urban. The later shows location of massive low-income housing and commercial malls regardless connection to the urban fabric and spatial shaping of the existing city. This results in a chaotic urban form resembling a "patchwork".This paper reviews the scope of a Chilean policy instrument called "Plan Regulador" used to control physical urban growth, particularly sprawled on the fringe of the

  3. The socio-economic and spatial transformation of Polish cities after 1989

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerzy J. Parysek

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present the socio-economic and spatial transformation of Polish cities after 1989. The Polish changes reached the structures of the three basic subsystems of the state: political (power, social (society, and economic (the economy. The systemic transformation that has taken place in Poland after 1989 is most readily visible in towns, although it was introduced in the country as a whole. For the development and transforma-tion of towns, the most important were the introduction of local government structures and the market model of the economy. The restitution of local government has ensured towns an authentic manager authorised to perform his function by the local community. The in-troduction of the market model to the economy has resulted in its privatisation and the ap-pearance of enterprise and competition. Towns, especially the biggest cities, have become attractive locations for investment. Cities with a balanced economic structure and well-de-veloped infrastructure had much better chances for growth to start with. Unfortunately, the transformation period has also had some detrimental effects, the most important being un-employment and all kinds of social deviance. However, Polish cities are certainly different today and resemble Western cities to a greater extent than did the so-called socialist towns built along theoretically beautiful but practically ineffectual ideological lines.

  4. Study of City Landscape Heritage Using Lidar Data and 3d-City Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubinowicz, P.; Czynska, K.

    2015-04-01

    In contemporary town planning protection of urban landscape is a significant issue. It regards especially those cities, where urban structures are the result of ages of evolution and layering of historical development process. Specific panoramas and other strategic views with historic city dominants can be an important part of the cultural heritage and genius loci. Other hand, protection of such expositions introduces limitations for future based city development. Digital Earth observation techniques creates new possibilities for more accurate urban studies, monitoring of urbanization processes and measuring of city landscape parameters. The paper examines possibilities of application of Lidar data and digital 3D-city models for: a) evaluation of strategic city views, b) mapping landscape absorption limits, and c) determination protection zones, where the urbanization and buildings height should be limited. In reference to this goal, the paper introduces a method of computational analysis of the city landscape called Visual Protection Surface (VPS). The method allows to emulate a virtual surface above the city including protection of a selected strategic views. The surface defines maximum height of buildings in such a way, that no new facility can be seen in any of selected views. The research includes also analyses of the quality of simulations according the form and precision of the input data: airborne Lidar / DSM model and more advanced 3D-city models (incl. semantic of the geometry, like in CityGML format). The outcome can be a support for professional planning of tall building development. Application of VPS method have been prepared by a computer program developed by the authors (C++). Simulations were carried out on an example of the city of Dresden.

  5. “Trench Town Rock”: Reggae Music, Landscape Inscription, and the Making of Place in Kingston, Jamaica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevon Rhiney

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines place inscriptions in Trench Town, Jamaica, and explores the ways these are used to reinforce, shape, or challenge dominant images of this inner-city community. On one hand, Trench Town is like many of its neighbouring communities, characterised by high levels of poverty, unemployment, political and gang violence, derelict buildings, and overcrowded homes. On the other hand, Trench Town is iconic and unique as it is recognised worldwide for being the birth place of reggae music and home to a number of well-known reggae artists including reggae superstar Bob Marley. Today, Trench Town’s landscape is filled with inscriptions reminiscent of its rich cultural past. Linked to this is a conscious effort by its residents to identify themselves with reggae music and to recapture and sustain the positive legacies that have made the community popular. This is manifested in the numerous murals, statues, and graffiti seen throughout the community evoking past images of reggae music icons such as Marley and Tosh alongside renowned black leaders such as Marcus Garvey. These inscriptions are conceived as texts and are seen as part of a broader discourse on issues relating to urban spatial identity, commoditisation, exclusion, struggle, resistance, and change.

  6. City, ICT and Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Galit Cohen; Peter Nijkamp

    2004-01-01

    New technologies tend to exert a profound influence on modern city life. This paper addresses the role of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the city. After a broad overview of the potential of ICT in a geographical setting and its possible impact on urban policy in regard to the ICT sector, the paper focusses attention on urban public policy in regard to the ICT sector. This study offers the proposition that urban ICT policy is driven by the stakeholders attitudinal and perc...

  7. Cities and Skills

    OpenAIRE

    Glaeser, Edward L.; Mare, David C.

    1994-01-01

    This paper examines the productivity (and wage) gains from locating in dense, urban environments. We distinguish between three potential explanations of why firms are willing to pay urban workers more: (1) the urban wage premium is spurious and is the result of omitted ability measures, (2) the urban wage premium works because cities enhance productivity and (3) the urban wage premium is the result of faster skill accumulation in cities. Using a combination of standard regressions, individual...

  8. Out on the town

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paay, Jeni; Kjeldskov, Jesper; Howard, Steve;

    2009-01-01

    As urban environments become increasingly hybridized, mixing the social, built, and digital in interesting ways, designing for computing in the city presents new challenges-how do we understand such hybridization, and then respond to it as designers? Here we synthesize earlier work in human......-computer interaction, sociology and architecture in order to deliberately influence the design of digital systems with an understanding of their built and social context of use. We propose, illustrate, and evaluate a multidisciplinary approach combining rapid ethnography, architectural analysis, design sketching......, and paper prototyping. Following the approach we are able to provide empirically grounded representations of the socio-physical context of use, in this case people socializing in urban spaces. We then use this understanding to influence the design of a context aware system to be used while out on the town...

  9. Founding a Green Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JING XIAOLEI

    2010-01-01

    @@ Awalk inside the Guangzhou Asian Games Town,where the event's prized Asian Games Town Gymnasium,Athletes' Village and Media Village can be lound,will have any visitor marveling at the structures and architectural styles within.What's most impressive about this part of Guangzhou,Guangdong Province,is not what's in the town,but what's missing from it.Even the most observant visitor will be hard pressed to find a single garbage truck,or garbage can for that matter,inside the town's perimeter.

  10. 桐乡市洲泉镇9000例已婚妇女宫颈癌筛查分析%Analysis of 9 000 cases of married women for cervical cancer screening in Zhouquan town of Tongxiang city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范利梅; 俞翠芳

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解桐乡市洲泉镇所辖地区已婚妇女宫颈上皮内瘤样病变(CIN)的患病情况,为制定干预措施提供依据。方法:调查桐乡市洲泉镇经液基细胞学检查的已婚妇女9000例,采用TBS细胞学诊断标准;并对液基细胞学检查有异常者行阴道镜下宫颈活组织检查。结果:液基细胞学检查异常301例;阴道镜下宫颈活组织检查261例,诊断CIN 68例(26.15%),占液基细胞学结果异常者22.59%,其中CIN Ⅰ38例,CIN Ⅱ18例,CIN Ⅲ12例;原位癌1例,早期浸润癌0。结论:桐乡市洲泉镇所辖已婚妇女CIN的患病率0.76%,早期对CIN干预和治疗可有效降低宫颈癌的发生率。%Objective:To understand married women for cervical cancer screening in Zhouquan town of Tongxiang city,to provide the basis for the intervention measures.Methods:Investigating 9 000 cases of liquid based cytology for married women of in Zhouquan town of Tongxiang city,using standard cytological diagnosis of TBS,and liquid-based cytology abnormalities underwent colposcopy cervical biopsy.Results:301 cases of abnormal liquid based cytology,colposcopic cervical biopsy tissue was examined in 261 cases,the diagnosis of CIN in 68 cases(26.15%),accounting for liquid based cytology results abnormal 22.59%,of which 38 cases of CIN Ⅰ,CIN Ⅱ in 18 cases,CIN Ⅲ in 12 cases,orthotopic carcinoma in 1 cases and early invasive carcinoma in 0 cases. Conclusion:Zhouquan town of Tongxiang city of the prevalence of CIN in married women was 0.76% .Early intervention and treatment for CIN can effectively reduce the incidence of cervical cancer.

  11. A university, community coalition, and town partnership to promote walking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Sarah F; Williams, Joel E; Hickman, Powell; Kirchner, Amber; Spitler, Hugh

    2011-01-01

    Less than half of all US adults report meeting physical activity recommendations of 30 minutes or more of moderate to vigorous physical activity on at least 5 days per week. Thus, community-wide ecological initiatives are needed to create environments that support incorporating physical activity into residents' daily lives. In this article we describe an ongoing collaborative service-learning partnership between Clemson University, a community coalition, and a neighboring small rural town to address local social and physical environment supports for walking. Years 1 to 3 of this collaborative initiative were evaluated using a mixed-method approach to assess physical environment changes, social environment changes, community perceptions of support for walking, community perceptions of collaborating with university students, and students' skill development. Results revealed several key environmental changes such as mapping and marking 3 walking trails in the community, development of broad marketing efforts linked to the trails that promote community health and heritage, and annual community events to promote walking and the newly developed walking trails. Interview data with community leaders identified several key themes critical to facilitating and enhancing our university and community collaboration. Lastly, students developed skills in developing partnerships, mapping, advocacy, event planning, critical reflection, and qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis. Through this process community members and students learn evidence-based public health skills for using data and planning frameworks to guide local initiatives, engage community members in decision making, and conducting evaluations. PMID:21617413

  12. Level and differentials of fertility in Awassa town, Southern Ethiopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebremedhin, Samson; Betre, Mulugeta

    2009-03-01

    A cross-sectional, descriptive study with internal comparison was conducted among 1376 women of reproductive age with the objective of assessing the level and determinants of fertility in Awassa town, Ethiopia. Total Fertility Rate (TFR) was 3.4 and the mean Child Ever Born (CEB) was 1.72 and 3.02 among all women and married women. Regarding proximate determinants of fertility, the mean age at first marriage and duration of postpartum infecundability were 17.75 years and 12.3 months, respectively. Further, Contraceptive Prevalence Rate among married women was 41.2% and Total Abortion Rate was 0.02. Sociodemographic characteristics of mothers like poor educational status, absence of income, rural place of birth, early marriage, and other variables like history of child death, negative husbands' attitude towards contraceptive use, poor educational status of husbands, need for additional children, were found to have significant association with high fertility; accordingly, these variables need to addressed in activities against high fertility. PMID:20687268

  13. Efforts to Promote Surakarta and Makassar as Children Friendly Towns

    OpenAIRE

    Moh Ilham A. Hamudy

    2015-01-01

    This study is about child-friendly city (KLA). This research is motivated by the lack of attention of the local government in protecting children and the issuance of Law No. 35 of 2014 on Protection of Children, which mandates local government obligations in the care of the child. This study sought to describe the various efforts made by the government of Surakarta and Makassar in realizing the KLA, the following supporting factors and obstacles surrounding the KLA embodiment. By using descri...

  14. Characterization of Wastewater in Rajouri Town, Jammu And Kashmir, India

    OpenAIRE

    Zishan Aslam; Yawar Mushtaq Raina

    2015-01-01

    Water exaggerated physically, chemically as well as biologically is known as wastewater. Thrown away process of solid waste and its treatment has been the foremost environmental setback for most of the cities in India especially in rural area. To make people aware about the level of contaminants in wastewater and to suggest the ways of treatment of wastewater which will result in disposing off of domestic effluents without any danger to human health, a study on characteristics of ...

  15. The Place Marketing Concept of Rural Towns in Northern Sweden: What is the Unique Selling Point?

    OpenAIRE

    Kompaniets, Olga; Rauhut, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    The place marketing concept is one of the popular concepts to analyze and promote countries, regions, cities and towns. The intensification of competition for investment, tourism and human resources among European cities and towns has increased the importance of being unique. Consequently this has opened up the field for specialists in marketing and branding in terms of geographic, social, economic, political, cultural and historical and ethno-cultural development. Most of studies on place ma...

  16. Empirical Analysis of Factors Influencing Surplus Labor Transfer in Poverty-stricken Areas: A Case Study of Yimatu Town in Fuxin City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    From the microscopic point of view,taking the surplus labor transfer in the Yimatu Town area as study object,we conduct survey of characteristics and transfer of rural surplus labor in Yimatu Town,through questionnaires and field interviews.Then we analyze the main factors influencing surplus labor transfer in rural areas from the personal characteristics of labor forces and family factor of labor forces.The results show that gender,age,educational level,farmland management days and other factors pertaining to the labor forces all affect the transfer of surplus labor, but the size and extent of the impact vary.In accordance with various influencing factors,we put forward recommendations for promoting the effective transfer of surplus labor in rural areas as follows:first,paying equal attention to macroscopic factors and microscopic factors influencing the transfer of surplus labor;second,focusing on the factors concerning the rural households and individual farmers,to find out the factors influencing the rational transfer;third,shifting the employment concept of surplus labor in rural areas;fourth,speeding up the construction of small towns and developing the secondary and tertiary industries.

  17. Tidal Marsh Inventory for York County Virginia and town of Poquoson

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This inventory report and marsh guidelines study will explain marsh vegetation types and their evaluation throughout York County Virginia and the town of Poquoson....

  18. 重庆市典型城镇区地表径流污染特征%Pollution Characteristics of Surface Runoff of Typical Town in Chongqing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王龙涛; 段丙政; 赵建伟; 华玉妹; 朱端卫

    2015-01-01

    Six kinds of impermeable underlying surface, cement tile roof, asbestos roof, cement flat roof, residential concrete pavement, asphalt pavement of restaurants, asphalt pavement of oil depot, and a combined sewer overflow canal in the Jiansheng town of Dadukou district in Chongqing city were chosen as sample plots to study the characteristics of nutritional pollutants and heavy metals in town runoff. The research showed that the average mass concentrations of TSS,COD,TN,TP in road runoff were (1 681. 2 ± 677. 2), (1 154. 7 ± 415. 5),(12. 07 ± 2. 72),(3. 32 ± 1. 15) mg·L - 1 , respectively. These pollutants were higher than those in roof runoff which were (13. 3 ± 6. 5),(100. 4 ± 24. 8),(3. 58 ± 0. 70),(0. 10 ± 0. 02) mg·L - 1 , respectively. TDN accounted for 62. 60% ± 34. 38% of TN, and TDP accounted for 42. 22% ± 33. 94% of TP in the runoff of impermeable underlying surface. Compared with the central urban runoff, town runoff in our study had higher mass concentrations of these pollutants. The mass concentrations of TSS, COD, TDN, TN, TDP and TP in the combined sewer overflow were (281. 57 ± 308. 38),(231. 21 ± 42. 95),(8. 16 ± 2. 78),(10. 60 ± 3. 94),(0. 38 ± 0. 23)and(1. 51 ± 0. 75)mg·L - 1 , respectively. The average levels of heavy metals in this kind of runoff did not exceed the class Ⅵ level of the surface water environmental quality standard. Most pollutants in the combined sewer overflow had first flush. However, this phenomenon was very rare for TSS. There was a significant positive correlation between TSS and COD, TP in the combined sewer overflow. And this correlation was significant between NH +4 -N and TP, TDP, TN, TDP. However, a negative correlation existed between NO -3 -N and all other indicators.%以重庆大渡口区建胜镇为典型区域,选取水泥瓦屋顶、石棉瓦屋顶、水泥平屋顶、居民区水泥路面、餐饮沥青路面、油库沥青路面等不透水下垫面和附近一条合流制

  19. Impacts of Vegetation and Urban planning on micro climate in Hashtgerd new Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sodoudi, Sahar; langer, Ines; Cubasch, Ulrich

    2013-04-01

    One of the objectives of climatological part of project Young Cities 'Developing Energy-Efficient Urban Fabric in the Tehran-Karaj Region' is to simulate the micro climate (with 1m resolution) in 35ha of new town Hashtgerd, which is located 65 km far from mega city Tehran. The Project aims are developing, implementing and evaluating building and planning schemes and technologies which allow to plan and build sustainable, energy-efficient and climate sensible form mass housing settlements in arid and semi-arid regions ("energy-efficient fabric"). Climate sensitive form also means designing and planning for climate change and its related effects for Hashtgerd New Town. By configuration of buildings and open spaces according to solar radiation, wind and vegetation, climate sensitive urban form can create outdoor thermal comfort. To simulate the climate on small spatial scales, the micro climate model Envi-met has been used to simulate the micro climate in 35 ha. The Eulerian model ENVI-met is a micro-scale climate model which gives information about the influence of architecture and buildings as well as vegetation and green area on the micro climate up to 1 m resolution. Envi-met has been run with information from topography, downscaled climate data with neuro-fuzzy method, meteorological measurements, building height and different vegetation variants (low and high number of trees) Through the optimal Urban Design and Planning for the 35ha area the microclimate results shows, that with vegetation the microclimate in street canopies will be change: • 2 m temperature is decreased by about 2 K • relative humidity increase by about 10 % • soil temperature is decreased by about 3 K • wind speed is decreased by about 60% The style of buildings allows free movement of air, which is of high importance for fresh air supply. The increase of inbuilt areas in 35 ha reduces the heat island effect through cooling caused by vegetation and increase of air humidity which

  20. 温州市苍南县灵溪镇学龄前儿童膳食营养调查结果分析%Investigation on nutrition and health status of preschool children in Lingxi Town of Cangnan County in Wenzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志理; 陈廷瑞

    2014-01-01

    Objective To understand the nutrition and health status of preschool children in Lingxi town, Cangnan County in Wenzhou City, so as to give suggestions for interventions on reasonable dietary.Methods Nutrition survey including physical measurement evaluated according to the criteria suggested by WHO and dietary investigation was carried out in 2 218 preschool children aged 3 to 6 years.The prevalence of common diseases was counted.Results Intake of calcium, zinc and retinal was lower than 80% recommended daily allowances ( RDA ) .Intake of high-quality protein accounted 44.5% of total protein.The rates of underweight, stunting, wasting, overweight and obesity children were 0.99%, 0.99%, 0.81%, 8.48%and 6.99%, respectively.The rates of stunting and underweight children were significantly lower than those in 2008 (χ2 value was 5.327and 4.495, respectively, both P<0.05).The prevalences of anemia, rachitis, dental caries and low eyesight were 3.97% (88/2 218),0.18% (4/2 218), 82.10% (1 821/2 218) and 3.47%(77/2 218), respectively.Conclusion The health status and development is good, but the nutrients intake is insufficient.Guidance and supervision on nutrition provided by kindergartens should be strengthened.%目的:了解温州市苍南县灵溪镇学龄前儿童营养和健康状况,对制定合理膳食的干预措施提供参考。方法用记账法对2218例3~6岁的幼儿园儿童的膳食营养状况进行调查,根据WHO推荐的标准评价体格发育情况,统计常见病的患病率。结果儿童膳食营养素中,钙、锌、维生素A的每天平均摄入量不足每日推荐供给量( RDA)的80%,平均优质蛋白质的摄入量占总蛋白质摄入量的44.5%。儿童的低体重检出率为0.99%,发育迟缓率为0.99%,消瘦率为0.81%,超重率为8.48%,肥胖率为6.99%。与2008年全国营养调查结果相比,低体重率和发育迟缓率均明显降低(χ2值分别为5.327和4.495

  1. Against the tide: climate change and high-risk cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dodman, David

    2008-11-15

    In the world's poorest and most vulnerable nations, most cities and towns face a distinct dual pressure: rapidly growing population and high vulnerability to the impacts of climate change. Drought, storms, flooding and sea level rise are likely to hit hardest here. These in turn put water supplies, infrastructure, health and livelihoods at risk in the very cities already struggling to provide or safeguard such key needs. An effective response demands capable local and national government and support from strong international networks in building capacity to cope. Most of the Least Developed Countries lack both.

  2. Reconsidering the Geddesian Concepts of Community and Space through the Paradigm of Smart Cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiara Garau

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The 100th anniversary of Geddes’ book “Cities in Evolution” has just passed, and the authors of this paper present a contribution towards understanding “how” Geddes might address the paradigm of the “smart city”. Geddesian concepts have greatly revolutionized the design and building of modern cities around the world. As a botanist and a scientist, Geddes incorporated the concept of the appearance of gardens when designing towns. His success in pioneering the planning of his city of residence in Scotland inspired further involvement in designing towns and the renovation of old structures and buildings. His concepts regarding the planning and development of towns and cities have created a foundation of interest in research, professionalism, and educational development. This study analyses the concepts of space, communities, and smart cities, and repositions Geddesian ideas in contemporary learning strategies in relation to the wider political spectrum associated with the paradigm of smart cities. The authors explore the relevance of his thoughts and perspectives in the current design environment geared towards the creation of smart cities. The study also evaluates the challenges of developing smart cities in relation to Patrick Geddes’s ideas.

  3. Ecological Planning for Sino-Singapore Ecological Science and Technology Town of Suzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>1. Background The construction of Sino-Singapore Ecological Science and Technology Town (SSESTT), which is a part of Suzhou Industrial Park, was initiated in 2005 under the circumstance of rapid development

  4. Energy measures report: summary for English town and parish councils

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-09-15

    This report is a summary of information for English town and parish councils on measures local authorities in England and Wales can take to improve energy efficiency, increase the levels of microgeneration, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and reduce fuel poverty. It highlights the main areas in which local authorities can take action. In October 2006, the Stern Review of the economics of climate change was published. This assessed the evidence on the impacts of climate change and on the economic costs. Local authorities are uniquely placed to act on climate change mitigation and to alleviate fuel poverty. They can take action on their own estates and housing stock but can also play a key role in motivating the wider community to take action, based on their understanding of local priorities, risks and opportunities. Local authorities already have a number of responsibilities to incorporate climate change and energy policy considerations into the way in which they carry out their powers and functions. The publication of the Local Government White Paper 2006 signalled a shift in the role of local authorities. Tackling climate change is now recognised as one of the key areas in which local authorities can take on a community leadership role. The new performance framework, detailed in the White Paper, will have an appropriate focus on climate change, with the 2007 Comprehensive Spending Review making decisions on national outcomes, indicators and any national targets. The Review concluded that there is still time to avoid the worst impacts of climate change, if action is taken now and in concert with other countries. A key conclusion was that in the long term the cost of inaction would be far higher than the cost of tackling climate change now. The Government's view is therefore that taking action to mitigate the effects of climate change is the only strategy consistent with long-term economic growth and global stability. See URN: 07/1439 for the main report.

  5. Smart city – future city? smart city 20 as a livable city and future market

    CERN Document Server

    Etezadzadeh, Chirine

    2016-01-01

    The concept of a livable smart city presented in this book highlights the relevance of the functionality and integrated resilience of viable cities of the future. It critically examines the progressive digitalization that is taking place and identifies the revolutionized energy sector as the basis of urban life. The concept is based on people and their natural environment, resulting in a broader definition of sustainability and an expanded product theory. Smart City 2.0 offers its residents many opportunities and is an attractive future market for innovative products and services. However, it presents numerous challenges for stakeholders and product developers.

  6. Research and Implement of Network Construction Project about Domestic Waste Collection and Transportation System in Town and Country of Wuhan City%武汉市城乡生活垃圾收运体系网络建设工程探讨与实施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文; 汤建化; 胡波; 赵欣; 戴陈玉

    2011-01-01

    According to generation characteristics of rural waste and existing problems in treatment process in Wuhan, necessity of town and country domestic waste collection and transportation system construction in Wuhan was put forward, as well as design principles and design plan of the construction project. And some corresponding countermeasures and suggestions were brought out.%针对目前武汉市农村垃圾的产生特点和处理过程中存在的问题,提出了武汉市城乡生活垃圾收运体系建设的必要性以及此项工程设计原则和设计方案,并据此提出了对策与建议.

  7. Evaluating tsunami risk perception and preparedness of people and institutions in the town of Siracusa, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaniboni, Filippo; Tinti, Stefano; Grancher, Delphine; Goeldner-Gianella, Lydie; Lavigne, Franck; Evans, Manon; Brunstein, Daniel

    2016-04-01

    The eastern coast of Sicily is characterized by high population density, with three main cities (Messina, Catania and Siracusa) and many other touristic and industrial poles. At the same time, many possible sources of hazard exist in the area, from the highest volcano in Europe (Mt. Etna) to the several faults existing both inland and offshore in the Ionian Sea, and to the Hyblaean-Malta Escarpment running parallel to the coast close to the shoreline, incised by several scars and canyons. Seismic and tsunami catalogues account for such an intense activity, with some major events causing several damages and casualties, the main of which being the 1693 (Augusta) and 1908 (Messina) earthquakes and consequent tsunami. For such reasons the area of Siracusa and its surroundings was chosen as one of the test sites of the EU Project ASTARTE - Assessment, STrategy And Risk Reduction for Tsunamis in Europe (Grant 603839, 7th FP, ENV.2013.6.4-3), investigating many aspects of tsunami hazard, vulnerability and risk along the coasts of Europe. One of the main aims of the project is to assess the perception and preparedness of people and local authorities to natural hazards, with particular attention to tsunamis, in the test sites. This task was performed by realizing a questionnaire, subdivided into some sections, each one estimating a particular aspect: from the relation of the interviewed person with the site, to his/her perception of the risk and reaction in case of alert, to the knowledge of warning systems and evacuation procedures. The questions were submitted to local people and tourists in the town center of Siracusa, and also provided to delegates of local authorities, such as municipality and Civil Protection Department. The questionnaire results show a very low level of awareness of the risk connected to tsunamis, which is surprising if one considers the relatively recent catastrophic event of Messina, involving the whole eastern coast of Sicily. On the other hand

  8. 功利性社会视觉下的民间宗教信仰守望与转换*--以福建南平市樟湖镇宗教信仰问题为例%On the Preservation and Conversion of Folk Religious Belief from the Perspective of Social Utility:A Case Study of Religious Beliefs in Zhanghu Town,Nanping City,Fujian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芝凤; 王煌彬; 宋媛; 徐辉

    2016-01-01

    Engels said in the A nti Duhring :“all religions are nothing but the reflection of people’ s illusion which dominates the daily life of the external forces in people’s minds ,in this fantasy ,the world’s power takes the form of super human strength ”. Foreign religions have exceeded the conven‐tional development in current social utilitarian environment in China ,so the roles and effectiveness of China’s State Administration and social development are unavoidable problems in China and all over the world in the field of ideology at present .This paper takes the Religious Beliefs in Zhanghu Town , Nanping City ,Fujian Province as an example ,aiming to reflect the situation of people’s religious be‐lief in Zhanghu Town objectively and then explore the proper way to understand and treat this phe‐nomenon .Besides ,this thesis offers some thoughts and advices on how to make religious belief help‐ful in social harmonious development for experts and government ’s reference .%恩格斯在《反杜林论》中言:“一切宗教都不过是支配着人们日常生活的外部力量在人们头脑中的幻想的反映,在这种幻想中,人间的力量采取了超人间的力量的形式。”[1]外来宗教在当下社会功利性明显张扬的中国环境中如何超常规发展,对中国的国家治理和社会发展有何作用与实效,均是当前中国乃至全世界意识形态领域中不可回避的问题。拟以福建省南平市樟湖镇一个曾是闽越传统原始宗教信仰村的宗教信仰守望与转换为例,剖析、探讨如何正确理解和看待这种民间信仰的守望与转换现象,对宗教信仰如何为促进社会和谐发展提出几点思考和建议,以供学界和政府相关部门参考。

  9. Possibilities and limitations of territorial cooperation among Serbian and European towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tošić Branka

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the significant European aims of the process of intra-continental integration, as well as the role of the urban centers in its transregional cooperation. Although the process of transborder cooperation of towns exists also in other parts of the world, the roots of that complex form of cooperation appeared rather early in Western Europe. The area of Central Europe, especially the politically unstable southeastern part of the continent, are considerably late in this process. Serbia, especially its western and southern parts, is even more late in transborder regional cooperation of towns. The paper emphasizes that towns of Serbia, as development carriers with their intellectual potentials, have to express the ideas on starting the international actions. The possibilities are extensive: activation of neglected cooperation relations, improvement of technological and economical development, modernization of infrastructural systems, cooperation in culture, education, sports and recreation, environmental protection, etc. Towns need to find the ways for all kinds of cooperation with surrounding towns, if such cooperation gives the results which are favourable for both parties. Isolation from the world courses would lead to long-term stagnation. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 176017

  10. The impact of the Ignalina NPP and Visaginas town on the economy of the region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present article is devoted to the influence of Visaginas town and Ignalina NPP on economy in the surrounding region. Preliminary the region includes the Ignalina and Zarasai administrative districts. However, these boundaries are relative. The analysis of the influence of Visaginas town and Ignalina NPP on the economy in the region revealed that such an influence exists, however, it is not as distinct as could have been expected from the town of such size. The influence on economy of the region includes influence on markets of economic resources (labour force and real estate markets were analyzed), influence on consumption market, influence on industries and services (the appearance of new manufacturing enterprises in the town itself, where, excluding the NPP, the economic sector is rather poorly developed, and the impact of the town on the enterprises of considered region were analyzed) and the influence on conditions for investment in the region. After the building Ignalina NPP and Visaginas the distribution of surrounding forests into protective categories has changed. The Ignalina NPP and Visaginas directly posses 1250 ha of forests. The influence of the town and Ignalina NPP on the enterprises of industry of considered region is important because Visaginas serving as a good market for various manufacturing enterprises makes it possible for them to maintain a certain economic level and have better profits. This aspect is extremely important for food and light industries. The extraction and building industry as well as many other branches of industries were most highly influenced during the building works of NPP. At present the building works meet only the current requirements of NPP and so they are not very intensive. The influence on consumption markets is more noticeable. With the building of Visaginas town consumption market of the region increased more than three times. The demand in the region increased as well as supply. The incomes of people in the

  11. The Nature of Society: Enmapping Nature, Space and Society into a Town-green Hybrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louis Rice

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes the transformation of derelict land into a 'town-green' and the role legislation played in transforming social and natural relationships. Town-green denotes a legal status under the Great Britain Commons Act (2006 that protects certain open spaces from building development; the status requires that a space must simultaneously have a specific social quality (i.e. 'town-ness' and a specific natural quality (i.e. 'green-ness'. This hybrid condition requires an alliance between society and nature in a certain configuration (referred to here as nature2 and society2. In this empirical study it involved the participation and consensus of local residents, volunteer gardeners as well as nature itself; flowers needed to bloom and grass had to grow in order for the hybrid town-green status to be conferred. There are two distinct phases of this transformation; the first is the change in identities and configuration of the constituents of town and green. This involved the production of a modified 'real' world with: different plants and flowers; reconfigured spatial arrangements; as well as different social actors. The second phase is a shift from changes in the "real" world towards an 'enmap' - a displacement of myriad actors into documentation. This transfer from a complex messy reality into an enmap permitted the legitimation of the new network to be accepted as a 'town-green'. What the research reveals, other than hints for gardeners and community activists, is how material and non-material; social and natural; spatial, discursive and temporal worlds are hybridised.

  12. Quality of Life and Attractiveness of Small Towns: A Comparison of France and Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kwiatek-Sołtys Agnieszka

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays the issue of the quality of life tends to be more and more important for the attractiveness of spaces in the context of increasing commuting and social demand for a good living environment. Small towns are often seen as places where “the living is easy” and social ties are dense. They are therefore a good basis for analysing the quality of life. This is a transversal and complex notion which is not always easy to define. This paper is based on surveys conducted in small Polish and French towns in order to analyse perceptions of the quality of life by both their inhabitants and local leaders, and their potential place in the attractiveness of small towns.

  13. Efforts to Promote Surakarta and Makassar as Children Friendly Towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh Ilham A. Hamudy

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This study is about child-friendly city (KLA. This research is motivated by the lack of attention of the local government in protecting children and the issuance of Law No. 35 of 2014 on Protection of Children, which mandates local government obligations in the care of the child. This study sought to describe the various efforts made by the government of Surakarta and Makassar in realizing the KLA, the following supporting factors and obstacles surrounding the KLA embodiment. By using descriptive method and combine it with a qualitative approach, this study found some important points about the efforts of local governments in realizing the KLA. In Surakarta, for example, there have been several child-friendly community health centers (puskesmas. The Puskesmas is equipped with a private lounge complete with a children’s playground. In addition, services for children such as nutrition garden, corner of breast milk, pediatrician, child counseling services and a child abuse victim services also continue to be equipped, and many other programs. No wonder the Ministry of Women Empowerment and Child Protection Republic of Indonesia assessment scoring 713 from a total value of 31 indicators contained in the KLA who had filled the city of Surakarta. Meanwhile, Makassar City has not done a lot of local government programs, because the relatively new Makassar proclaimed KLA and is still central to reform. Among the new programs are being implemented and the Government of Makassar is giving birth certificate free of charge, to build flats in slums, and make the two villages as a pilot project KLA. The factors that affect the embodiment of the KLA it is a commitment. Not only the commitment of the head region, but also all relevant parties. As a cross cutting issue, the KLA also requires institutional capacity. Not only is the capacity of Women Empowerment and Child Protection Agency as a leading sector in the KLA, but also all work units other related

  14. Safety Assessment of Heavy Metal in Tea Garden Soil: A Case Study of Specialized Tea Towns in Guangdong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiushuang; WANG; Caijin; LING; Shumei; LIU; Junxi; CAO; Jinsong; ZHANG; Chaoyi; ZHAO

    2013-01-01

    More than 20 soil samples were collected from tea gardens of specialized tea towns in Guangdong,including Fenglang Town and Fengshun Town in Meizhou City,Changshan Town in Lianjiang City,Fenghuang Town in Chaozhou City.Content of 6 types of heavy metal (Cr,Cu,Pb,As,Cd,Hg) in tea garden soil was measured.On the basis of these,the safety was assessed.Results show that the comprehensive pollution index of these 6 types of heavy metal is lower than 0.7.According to Soil Pollution Grading Standard formulated by China Green Food Development Center,the soil is not polluted by heavy metal and remains at safety level.It proves that overall soil condition of specialized tea gardens in Guangdong Province is not polluted by heavy metal.

  15. Research on the Present Situation and Countermeasures of Sustainable Development of Rural Library--Taking the Rural Library in Xiying Town Xiangyuan County Changzhi City as an Example%农家书屋可持续发展现状与对策研究--以长治市襄垣县西营镇农家书屋为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李常亮

    2015-01-01

    Rural library is a cultural project benefiting the farmers implemented by the country to re⁃solve the difficulty of reading books and newspaper and borrowing books for the rural people. This paper combined with the development status of rural library in Xiying Town, Xiangyuan County, analyzed the problems existed in rural library and put forward some countermeasures of rural library’s sustainable de⁃velopment.%农家书屋是国家为解决农村群众看书难、看报难,借书难问题而推行的一项文化惠民工程,本文结合襄垣县西营镇农家书屋的发展现状,分析了农家书屋存在的问题,提出了农家书屋可持续发展的对策。

  16. Cities, connections and cronyism

    OpenAIRE

    John Quiggin

    2006-01-01

    Recent developments in the global system of cities present a curious paradox. With the cost of communications declining almost to zero and substantial, though less dramatic reductions in transport costs, there is now little technical requirement for most kinds of production to be undertaken in any particular location, or for elements of production chains to be located close to each other. This fact has had dramatic consequences for the organisation of manufacturing industry. Simple production...

  17. Community Development Training Manual for North Dakota City Auditors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Patricia Lee, Comp.

    This publication is directed toward city auditors in North Dakota's "small towns" where the city auditor is either a volunteer or a very limited part-time position. Duties and responsibilities of the North Dakota city auditor as provided by statute are outlined. These topics are covered: the office and general duties of city auditor; official…

  18. Planning regulations in the USA and their implications on urban design in the central city zone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinić Milena

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available At the beginning of the 20th century, urban planning of the American cities was founded on the strong capitalist system and vast available land area. After a long period of planning, which was suited for the use of automobiles, nowadays the deficiencies both in the urban structure and social sphere are very obvious. Modern planning is striving to prescribe guidelines for urban design and thus create a continuity of cityscape and emphasize the pedestrian character of the area, particularly in central city zones. Town planning in the USA comprises local regulations which are suited to the needs of individual cities. Particularly important are the implications which certain town planning regulations have on the design of physical structures in the central city zone, which is the research goal of this paper.

  19. Cultural diversity, cities and innovation: firm effects or city effects?

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Neil

    2013-01-01

    Growing cultural diversity is seen as important for innovation. Research has focused on two potential mechanisms: a firm effect, with diversity at the firm level improving knowledge sourcing or ideas generation, and a city effect, where diverse cities helping firms innovate. This paper uses a dataset of over 2,000 UK SMEs to test between these two. Controlling for firm characteristics, city characteristics and firm and city diversity, there is strong evidence for the firm effect. Firms with a...

  20. Fiumicino: New Port City and Gateway of Rome Fiumicino: nuova città portuale e porta di Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Luciano Fonti; Diana Masiello; Clorinda Pagano

    2009-01-01

    The municipality of Fiumicino, indipendent of Rome since 1992, plays two important roles in regional planning: it can be considered both an autonomous town and a satellite city of Rome. Because of its recent history, actually Fiumicino’s territory still presents the outskirts characteristics (many residential areas, lack of important public and private services, low quality of buildings and public spaces, inadequate infrastructures) and not the shape of an independent town, although...

  1. New Mexico Ghost Towns

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data provides locations and non-spatial attributes of many ghost towns in the State of New Mexico, compiled from various sources. Locations provided with...

  2. Providing local color?: "cape coloreds," "cockneys," and Cape Town's identity from the late nineteenth century to the 1970s.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bickford-Smith, Vivian

    2012-01-01

    Jim Dyos, founding-father of British urban history, argued that cities have commonly acknowledged “individual characteristics” that distinguish them. Such distinctive characteristics, though usually based on material realities, are promoted through literary and visual representations. This article argues that those who seek to convey a city’s distinctiveness will do so not only through describing its particular topography, architecture, history or functions but also by describing its “local colour”: the supposedly unique customs, manner of speech, dress, or other special features of its inhabitants. In colonial cities this process involved white racial stereotyping of “others”. In Cape Town, depictions of “Coloured” inhabitants as unique “city types” became part of the city’s “destination branding”. The article analyses change and continuity in such representations. To this end it draws on the insights of Gareth Stedman Jones into changing depictions of London’s “Cockneys” and the insights of Stephen Ward into historical “place-selling”. PMID:22329070

  3. Common Sense Parenting of Toddlers and Preschoolers. A Girls and Boys Town Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, Bridget A.; York, Steven M.

    Based on the view that parents need to balance nurturing behaviors that demonstrate love and affection with the discipline that children need in order to learn and thrive, this book presents the Common Sense Parenting program from Girls and Boys Town as adapted for parents of toddlers and preschoolers. Offering logical techniques and foundations…

  4. Understanding Campus and Community Relationships through Marriage and Family Metaphors: A Town-Gown Typology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gavazzi, Stephen M.; Fox, Michael; Martin, Jeff

    2014-01-01

    In this article we argue that the scholarship on marriages and families provides invaluable insights into town-gown relationships. Marital typologies are used to generate insights into what happens between campus and community relationships over time, and a line of family scholarship provides some additional illumination about the ways in which…

  5. 75 FR 24718 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for...) is announcing a public meeting entitled ``Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center...

  6. 75 FR 40844 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for... announcing a public meeting entitled: ``Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices...

  7. 75 FR 21006 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for... announcing a public meeting entitled: ``Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices...

  8. Living & Working on Sheppey/ Back and Forth on High Street Blue Town

    OpenAIRE

    Hatton, Peter; Lyon, Dawn; Strangleman, Tim; Crow, Graham; Hurkett, Jenny; Arundell, C.; Murray, Val; Pilling, Lynn

    2011-01-01

    The starting point for this project was revisiting the social research undertaken (and archived) by Ray Pahl and his team in the late 70s early 80s published in “Divisions of Labour” (1984). The project team for Living and Working on Sheppey includes Tea, academics from the University of Kent, and the University of Southampton, the UK Data Archive and the community group, Remember BlueTown, whose members are also involved in the Blue Town Heritage Centre. The context was an exploration o...

  9. 75 FR 10241 - Town of Dexter; Notice of Declaration of Intention and Soliciting Comments, Protests, and/or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-05

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Town of Dexter; Notice of Declaration of Intention and Soliciting Comments... of Intention. b. Docket No: DI10-7-000. c. Date Filed: February 16, 2010. d. Applicant: Town of... facilities. When a Declaration of Intention is filed with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission,...

  10. An epidemiological survey of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease in Sahafa Town, Sudan.

    OpenAIRE

    Ibrahim-Khalil, S; Elhag, M; Ali, E.; Mahgoub, F; Hakiem, S; Omer, N; Shafie, S; Mahgoub, E

    1992-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to determine the prevalence of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease and to initiate a programme of secondary prophylaxis in Sahafa Town, Sudan. DESIGN--The study was a prospective case finding survey, carried out by a specially trained team headed by a cardiologist. SETTING--The study involved high risk school children (5-15 years of age) from Sahafa Town in the period 1986-1989. SUBJECTS--A total of 13,332 children on the school registers (7892 boys and 54...

  11. City Branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trads, Søren Frimann; Stigel, Jørgen

    2006-01-01

    Succesful corporate branding requires that questions related to communication, publicity, and organizational structures are adressed. An uncritical adoption of approaches known from tradition product branding will inevitable give problems as the properties of tangible commodities and services......, problems seem to multiply in what has becom known as city branding. This analysis of the communicational aspects of two Danish provincial towns´ branding efforts examines both their internally and externally directed communication. It demonstrates that an insufficient understanding of - or willingness...... to face - these differences will inevitably hamper such branding efforts because of the consequential inconsistencies. Finally, paths to more effective city branding are indicated...

  12. City project and public space

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    The book aims at nurturing theoretic reflection on the city and the territory and working out and applying methods and techniques for improving our physical and social landscapes. The main issue is developed around the projectual dimension, with the objective of visualising both the city and the territory from a particular viewpoint, which singles out the territorial dimension as the city’s space of communication and negotiation. Issues that characterise the dynamics of city development will be faced, such as the new, fresh relations between urban societies and physical space, the right to the city, urban equity, the project for the physical city as a means to reveal civitas, signs of new social cohesiveness, the sense of contemporary public space and the sustainability of urban development. Authors have been invited to explore topics that feature a pluralism of disciplinary contributions studying formal and informal practices on the project for the city and seeking conceptual and operative categories capab...

  13. Epidemiology of bronchial asthma and diabetes mellitus in children and teenagers of Ozyorsk town situated in the area of mayak nuclear enter-prise supervision zone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The epidemiology of bronchial asthma and diabetes mellitus in children and teenagers living in Ozyorsk town, which is situated in Mayak nuclear enterprise supervision zone, was studied. By the medical and statistical data in Ozyorsk for the studying forms of multifactorial diseases the trends to the increase both for primary incidence and prevalence were marked. By using the genetic and epidemiological analysis we marked the higher ratio of accumulated incidence as a probability to fall ill with multifactorial diseases (bronchial asthma and diabetes mellitus) in population of Ozyorsk city till 20 years old in comparison with Moscow population

  14. 解析新型城镇化背景下的镇中心区规划--以中山市板芙镇新中心区规划为例%Analysis on the Central Town Planning under the Background of New Urbanization--Taking New Central District Planning of Banfu Town, Zhongshan City as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱建武

    2014-01-01

    新型城镇化是以城乡统筹、城乡一体、产城互动、节约集约、生态宜居、和谐发展为基本特征的城镇化,是大中小城市、小城镇、新型农村社区协调发展、互促共进的城镇化。做好镇级中心区规划,将会对城乡一体化起到至关重要的作用。%New urbanization is the urbanization with essential features of urban-rural development balance, urban-rural inte-gration, production and city’s interaction, saving and intensive, ecological and livable and developing harmoniously. With it, cities, smal towns and new- type rural communities develop harmoniously and promote each others. It wil play a crucial role in urban and rural integration to complete the township central planning.

  15. Ecological Drainage Construction Plan of Guantang New Town of Zhenjiang City%镇江市官塘新城生态排水建设规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨森; 赵江

    2013-01-01

    The ecological drainage construction plan idea was proposed to coordinate the Guantang new town planning with low-carbon,ecology,wisdom and livable environment concepts.This plan adopted foreign mature experience of low-impact development and flood risk assessment techniques.The Guantang new town drainage works were arranged with considering rainwater utilization,pollutant source control,urban green corridor,extraordinary flood discharge channels and optimization of urban land use.The ecological drainage construction plan and the guidelines for the design,construction,maintenance and management were compiled to provide technical and operational management basis for implementation of the ecological concept in the construction process.%为配合“低碳、生态、智慧、宜居”的官塘新城总体规划,提出了生态排水建设的规划思路.该规划采用国外成熟的低影响开发经验和洪水风险评估技术,综合考虑雨水利用、污染物源头控制、城市绿色廊道、超标准洪水泄流途径以及城市用地优化,提出了官塘新城水系和生态排水工程布置方案.同时,编制了生态排水建设规划以及配合实施的设计、施工、维护和管理指南,为生态理念在建设过程中的实施提供了可操作的技术和管理依据.

  16. 基于列斐伏尔空间生产理论下的城市消费空间差异化分析--以磁器口古镇与重庆新天地为例%Analysis of Spatial Difference of City Consumption under the Lefebvre Space Production Theory--Taking Ciqikou Town and Chongqing New World as Examples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贵体进

    2014-01-01

    Through the analysis of the differences and reasons of consumption space between the core business district of Ci-qikou town and the Chongqing World Leisure Business Distr-ict, the paper reveals spatial elements: the effect elements of space and the basic elements of space, and shows that the con-sumption space differences is the comprehensive results of ma-terial characteristic, social characteristic and effect characteri-stics.%本文通过分析磁器口核心商业区以及重庆天地休闲商业区消费空间的差异和原因,揭示了影响空间的要素:空间的基本要素和空间的效应要素,揭示了消费空间差异性是物质特性、社会特性与效应特性的综合结果。

  17. Smart Cities and Sustainability Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena BATAGAN

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In our age cities are complex systems and we can say systems of systems. Today locality is the result of using information and communication technologies in all departments of our life, but in future all cities must to use smart systems for improve quality of life and on the other hand for sustainable development. The smart systems make daily activities more easily, efficiently and represent a real support for sustainable city development. This paper analysis the sus-tainable development and identified the key elements of future smart cities.

  18. Detection and Solution of Indoor Air Quality Problems in a Danish Town Hall

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hyldgård, Carl-Erik; Brohus, Henrik

    in the climate laboratory. A new heating and ventilating system and a new control strategy were chosen and implemented into the town hall. It was found that air supply upwards along a window may make it nearly impossible to achieve comfort and a good air quality the year round without full-scale measurements....

  19. Predictors of physical activity among rural and small town breast cancer survivors: an application of the theory of planned behaviour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vallance, Jeff K; Lavallee, Celeste; Culos-Reed, Nicole S; Trudeau, Marc G

    2012-01-01

    The primary objective of this study was to investigate the utility of the two-component theory of planned behaviour (TPB) in understanding physical activity intentions and behaviour in rural and small town breast cancer survivors. The secondary objective was to elicit the most common behavioural, normative and control beliefs of rural and small town survivors regarding physical activity. Using a cross-sectional survey design, 524 rural and small town breast cancer survivors completed a mailed survey that assessed physical activity and TPB variables. Physical activity intention explained 12% of the variance in physical activity behaviour (p activity intention (p activity determinants among rural and small town breast cancer survivors. These data can be used in the development and establishment of physical activity behaviour interventions and health promotion materials designed to facilitate physical activity behaviour among rural and small town breast cancer survivors.

  20. For Kota and Kampong: The Emergence of Town Planning as a Discipline

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roosmalen, P.K.M. van

    2008-01-01

    This chapter, an abridged version of Van Roosmalen's dissertation, describes the development and professionalization of Dutch Indian (Indische) town planning between 1905 and 1950, the simultaneous modernisation of the Dutch East Indies and the emergence of modern day Indonesia. A Dutch version of

  1. For Kota and Kampong: The Emergence of Town Planning as a Discipline

    OpenAIRE

    Roosmalen, P.K.M. van

    2008-01-01

    This chapter, an abridged version of Van Roosmalen's dissertation, describes the development and professionalization of Dutch Indian (Indische) town planning between 1905 and 1950, the simultaneous modernisation of the Dutch East Indies and the emergence of modern day Indonesia. A Dutch version of the chapter was published in 2004 ('Voor kota en kampong. Het ontstaan van een stedenbouwkundige discipline')

  2. Marriage and the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gautier, Pieter; Svarer, Michael; Teulings, Coen

    Do people move to cities because of marriage market considerations? In cities singles can meet more potential partners than in rural areas. Singles are therefore prepared to pay a premium in terms of higher housing prices. Once married, the marriage market benefits disappear while the housing...

  3. Physicochemical and morphological soils’ properties of the technozone of Kremenchuk town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. I. Saranenko

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Natural soil cover has been removed or changed by overconsolidation and agitation of almost all layers of the soil profile at the most part of the technozone of Kremenchuk town. The content of anthropogenic inclusions makes up 25-50 %. On the basis of obtained data and using classification of urban soils the subtypes of existing soils are represented.

  4. Teaching Medieval Towns: Group Exercises, Individual Presentations and Self-Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roach, Andrew; Gunn, Vicky

    2002-01-01

    Examines the use of innovative collaborative small group activities in a Medieval History undergraduate honors course. Discusses student evaluations and feedback from a focus group to investigate the use of group exercises that involve the construction of three-dimensional models of medieval towns and the use of self-assessment. (Author/LRW)

  5. 75 FR 47488 - FM Table of Allotments, Boulder Town, Levan, Mount Pleasant, and Richfield, UT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... proposed transmitter site was unavailable due to its location in a national forest. See 71 FR 29886 (May 24..., Report and Order, 71 FR 76208 (December 20, 2006). The CDBS will reflect Channel 229C at Mount Pleasant... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 FM Table of Allotments, Boulder Town, Levan, Mount Pleasant, and Richfield,...

  6. Options for Water, Energy and Chemical Savings for Finitex, Cape Town

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schneider, Zsig; Wenzel, Henrik

    An analysis of the options identified for saving of water, energy and chemicals was conducted at Finitex, Cape Town on the 18th October 2002. Cost savings were calculated from an estimation of the reduction in cost of water, energy and chemical usage associated with various interventions. Capital...... period....

  7. Tromso as a "Sami Town"?--Language Ideologies, Attitudes, and Debates Surrounding Bilingual Language Policies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiss, Florian

    2013-01-01

    The study focuses on local people's expressions of attitudes and ideologies in the light of proposed Sami-Norwegian bilingual policies in their Northern Norwegian hometown. The local politicians' plan to introduce the bilingual regulations of an "administrative area for the Sami language" in the town of Tromso encountered conflicting language…

  8. Parental Investment, Club Membership, and Youth Sexual Risk Behavior in Cape Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camlin, Carol S.; Snow, Rachel C.

    2008-01-01

    This study examines whether parental investment and membership in social clubs are associated with safer sexual behaviors among South African youth. Participants comprised 4,800 randomly selected adolescents age 14 to 22 living in the Cape Town area in 2002. Logistic regression was used to examine associations between measures of parental…

  9. Infant mortality rates and structure in a town near a nuclear power enterprise

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper is devoted to analysis of the rates and structure of mortality of infants aged under 1 in a town, situated near a nuclear power enterprise (NPE). Altogether 38124 infants born in 1950-1978, were investigated. The dead infants (1160) were divided into 3 groups with relation to their parents' place of work: 1 - infants whose parents worked in the NPE; 2 - infants whose parents worked in town factories and offices; 3 - all infants in the town. The total doses of γ-irradiation for mothers were 10-400 cSv, those for fathers - 30-520 cSv, intrauterine irradiation of a fetus was 0.5-0.55 cSv. The individual effective equivalent dose of irradiation of the residents of the town was 17.3 cSv over 40 years. Occupational γ-irradiation of the parents at doses exceeding the maximum permissible ones in the first 10 years of work at the NPE made no effect on the mortality rates in infants of the first generation

  10. The social and cultural impact of tourism development on world heritage sites: a case of the Old Town of Lijiang, China, 2000-2004

    OpenAIRE

    T. Yamamura; Zhang, T. X.; Fujiki, Y.

    2006-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to clarify the spatial and social impact on a city caused by its being registered as a World Heritage Site and its transformation into a tourist destination. As part of an investigation of the problems related to rapid development of tourism and its pressures on World Heritage Sites, this study attempted to clarify the issues facing the tourist industry at the Old Town of Lijiang, Yunnan Province, China, a World Heritage Site, by focusing on the tourist shops th...

  11. Globalization : Countries, Cities and Multinationals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    McCann, Philip; Acs, Zoltan J.

    2011-01-01

    McCann P. and Acs Z. J. Globalization: countries, cities and multinationals, Regional Studies. This paper explores the relationship between the size of a country, the size of its cities, and the importance of economies of scale in the modern era of globalization. In order to do this, it integrates t

  12. 基于季节适应性的旅游依托型村镇规划研究--以五大连池市双泉镇为例%A study of planning of towns relying on tourism based on seasonal adaptability---taking Shuangquan Town of Wudalianchi City as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆明; 成智; 张宁

    2015-01-01

    随着旅游景区的深入开发与建设,旅游依托型村镇在与景区互动开发、优化旅游格局、增强旅游业等方面起着重要作用,但往往会面临景区旅游季节性所带来的影响。以五大连池市双泉镇为例,在调查研究的基础上,分析旅游依托型村镇的季节适应性特征及表现形态,在旅游资源的合理利用、产业统筹布局、功能多元构建、管理服务弹性化等方面提出规划设计对策,以期缓解旅游季节性带来的负面影响,促进景区及依托村镇的可持续发展。%With the development and construction of scenic spots , tow ns relying on tourism get a new opportunity to develop ,and play more and more important role on interacting with the scenic spots , optimizing travel patterns ,and enhancing tourism industry . However , these towns have to face the problems resulting from the seasonal tourism of scenic spots in many respects . This paper , taking Shuangquan Town of Wudalianchi city as an example and on the basis of in‐depth investigation and research ,analyzes the feature and form of seasonal adaptability on tow ns relying on tourism ,Planning and design countermeasures are put forward in the rational use of tourism resources ,the layout of industry and the diversity of functions ,and the flexibility of management services .In order to ease the negative impact of the tourism seasonality ,it can promote the sustainable development of the scenic spot and rely on the villages and tow ns .

  13. Human diffusion and city influence

    CERN Document Server

    Lenormand, Maxime; Tugores, Antònia; Ramasco, José J

    2015-01-01

    Cities are characterized by concentrating population, economic activity and services. However, not all cities are equal and hierarchy in terms of influence at local, regional or global scales naturally emerges. Traditionally, there have been important efforts to describe this hierarchy by indirect measures such the sharing of company headquarters, traffic by air, train or boats or economical exchanges. In this work, we take a different approach and introduce a method that uses geolocated Twitter information to quantify the impact of cities on rural or other urban areas. Since geolocated tweets are becoming a global phenomenon, the method can be applied at a world-wide scale. We focus on $58$ cities and analyze the mobility patterns of people after visiting them for the first time. Cities such as Rome and Paris appear consistently as those with largest area covered by Twitter users after their visit and as those attracting visitors most diverse in origin. The study is also performed discerning users mobility b...

  14. 东莞市横沥镇35岁及以上居民肥胖流行情况及其与高血压的关系%Epidemic status of obesity and its relationship with hypertension among residents over the age of 35 in Hengli town of Dongguan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭贵成; 黄辉; 王毅方; 杨玉; 黄光宇; 杨庆东; 邓仲良; 王景峰

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the epidemic status of obesity and its relationship with hypertension among residents above 35 years old in Hengli town of Dongguan.Methods From July 2011 to Apirl 2012,a cluster sampling method was used in this survey.Questionnaire survey and body measurement (height,weight,waist circumference,hip circumference,and blood pressure) were conducted among 10 036 residents above the age of 35 in Hengli town,Dongguan.Results 9 880 individuals completed the quesionnaire and body measurement.The prevalence of excess weight,obesity and central obesity was 37.5%,16.5% and 51.8%,respectively.Between males and females,the prevalence of obesity(P =0.856) and central obesity (P =0.505).The prevalence of hypertension was 34.6%.The levels of SBP/DBP in individuals with excess weight,obesity and central obesity were 133.7/77.5 mmHg,138.5/80.4 mmHg and 136.2/78.3 mmHg respectively.In the same papulation,the prevalence of hypertension were 38.4%,50.8% and 45.2% respectively.Both the levels of SBP/DBP and prevalence of hypertension in different BMI and waist circumference had statistically significant differences(all P < 0.05).The prevalence of hypertension in those with excess weight and obesity were 1.78 times(95% CI:1.56-2.02)and 3.20 times (95% CI:2.71-3.80) higher than those with 18.5 ≤BMI <24.The hypertensive prevalence in those with central obesity was 1.54 times higher than those with normal waist circumference (95% CI:1.36-1.75).Conclusions The prevalence of excess weight,obesity and central obesity among residents above 35 years of age in Hengli town of Dongguan are high,and the central obesity is predominant.Body mass index and waist circumference are independent risk factors for hypertension.The relationship between BMI and hypertension is closer than that between waist circumference and hypertension.%目的 调查东莞市横沥镇≥35岁居民肥胖流行情况及其与高血压的关系.方法 2011年7月~2012年4月采

  15. 白族石头砌墙乡土建筑的价值与传承--以大理市银桥镇磻曲村为例%Study on the Inheritance and Value of Bai People's Stone Wall Vernacular Architecture:A Case of Panqu Village in Yinqiao Town of Dali City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨砚池

    2014-01-01

    The stone wall vernacular architecture is the indigenous creation of architectural culture of Bai ancestors living near Erhai Lake. In Panqu Village in Yinqiao Town, 44 ancient courtyards with an area of 48 acres are relatively well-preserved. Their location, layout, planning control, building style, and daily life customs have formed a unique regional culture, which is an important research topic for history, sociology, religion, art, architecture, and ecology. The protection of the ancient courtyards in Panqu Village should be based on the context, stick to the authenticity, develop the subjectivity, pay attention to the coordination, and focus on development, so as to achieve a virtuous circle between the vernacular architecture inheritance and the village development.%石头砌墙传统建筑是洱海流域白族先民创造的本土建筑文化。银桥镇磻曲村占地48亩的44个古民居院落保存较为完整,在选址布局、规划控制、建筑风格、起居习俗等方面形成了独特的地域文化,是历史学、社会学、宗教学、艺术学、建筑学、生态学等研究的重要宝库。磻曲村民居保护要立足文脉性、坚持原真性、发挥主体性、注重协调性、突出发展性,实现乡土建筑传承与村落发展的良性循环。

  16. Natural radioactivity and indoor radiation measurements in buildings and building materials in Gobichettipalayam town

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Samples of natural and manufactured building materials used by the people of Gobichettipalayam town have been analyzed for 226Ra, 232Th and 40K using gamma-ray spectrometry. Radium equivalent activity of the materials has been measured using the formula given by OECD and the geometric mean value of sand, clay and cements are found to be 53.53 Bq x kg-1, 89.09 Bq x kg-1 and 72.25 Bq x kg-1, respectively. The radium equivalent activities obtained in the building materials are all well below the acceptable limit. The indoor gamma-dose has been measured using thermoluminescence dosimeters and it was found in the range of 1051.2-3946.0 μGy/year. The annual effective indoor gamma radiation dose to the people of Gobichettipalayam town has been found to be 0.8 mSv/y. (author)

  17. School farming and school feeding in Nakuru town, Kenya: practice and potential

    OpenAIRE

    Foeken, D.W.J.; Owuor, S.O.; Mwangi, A.M.

    2007-01-01

    Most research on urban agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa has concentrated on farming by individual urban households, while farming by urban institutions has been largely overlooked. Probably the most prevalent and important type of institutional urban agriculture is school farming, the focus of this paper. The authors examine school farming and school feeding in Nakuru town in Kenya on the basis of a survey among primary and secondary schools carried out in June 2006. A largely structured que...

  18. Diagnosis of solid waste management in the town of Campo Bom - RS

    OpenAIRE

    Karin Luise dos Santos; Roberto Naime

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses the main items currently subject to recycling in Brazil to make a diagnosis on the management of domestic solid waste in the city of Campo Bom, in the catchment of the river valley of Sinos. The city of Campo Bom is neighboring the town of Novo Hamburgo. The survey is based on data supplied by the local administration COOLABORE (Cooperative Urban Cleaning and Construction). cooperative scavengers or environmental agents in the city and visits to Central treatment of house...

  19. Going to Town: Where Is the Nearest Steakhouse?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Growing up in Loretto, Tennessee, population 1,700, people called it "going to town" when they went to any city big enough to have a McDonald's, Walmart, or a movie theater. If someone is not from a small town, they may not know what type of economic activities a small town can support. Will the town have a police department? Will there be enough…

  20. A comparison study on the prevalence of obesity and its associated factors among city, township and rural area adults in China

    OpenAIRE

    Zou, Yan; Zhang, Ronghua; Zhou, Biao; Huang, Lichun; Chen, Jiang; Gu, Fang; Zhang, Hexiang; Fang, Yueqiang; Ding, Gangqiang

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To explore the association of dietary behaviour factors on obesity among city, township and rural area adults. Setting A stratified cluster sampling technique was employed in the present cross-sectional study. On the basis of socioeconomic characteristics, two cities, two townships and two residential villages were randomly selected where the investigation was conducted. Participants A total of 1770 city residents, 2071 town residents and 1736 rural area residents participated in t...

  1. 青岩古镇与丽江古城旅游发展方式比较研究%A Comparative Study on the Developing Styles of Qingyan Ancient Town and Lijiang Old Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程质彬

    2014-01-01

    丽江古城与青岩古镇在资源方面有很多类似之处,丽江古城旅游发展的成功经验对青岩古镇旅游发展有一定的借鉴意义。从资源状况、产业链发展、管理方式三方面,对青岩古镇与丽江古城的发展方式进行比较研究,提出青岩古镇旅游发展需采用营造古镇氛围,开发一体化区域经济,联动发展文化产业,完善基础设施,招商引资和引进人才等措施。%The old town of Lijiang and Qingyan ancient town have some similarities in tourism resources, so Qingyan ancient town can learn some successful developing experience from the old town of Lijiang. The developing styles of Qingyan ancient town and Lijiang old town are compared in this paper in the aspects of resources, the chain of tourism industry, management of the two places. And some suggestions are put forward, namely creating the atmosphere of the ancient town, regional integration development, joint development with culture industry, improving the infrastructure, attracting investments and the introduction of talents.

  2. Attitudes toward couples-based HIV counseling and testing among MSM in Cape Town, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, Rob; Rentsch, Christopher; Sullivan, Patrick; McAdams-Mahmoud, Ayesha; Jobson, Geoff; Struthers, Helen; McIntyre, James

    2013-05-01

    Couples-based voluntary HIV counseling and testing (CVCT) allows couples to receive their HIV test results together and has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing HIV transmission, increasing and sustaining condom use, and reducing sexual risk-taking among at-risk heterosexual couples. However, the acceptability of CVCT among MSM has yet to be evaluated in an African setting. The results from seven focus group discussions and 29 in-depth interviews conducted in Cape Town, South Africa exhibit overwhelmingly high acceptance of CVCT. Participants were attracted to the counseling components of the service, stating that these would allow for the couple to increase their commitment and to explore methods of how to effectively reduce their risk of acquiring or transmitting HIV in the presence of a trained counselor. These results suggest CVCT would be highly welcomed and could work to fill the significant lack of services available and accessible to MSM couples in Cape Town.

  3. The Representation of the Hungarian Towns in Domenico Zenoi's and Paolo Forlani's Cartographic Work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Béla Szalai

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the mid-16th century Venice was the European center of cartography. The two most distinguished representatives of the Venetian school of cartography, which included their close collaborators, Natale Bonifacio and Martin Rota Kolunic from Šibenik in Dalmatia, were Domenico Zenoi and Paolo Forlani. The study deals with their cartographic and publishing activity, their relationship and rivalry within the context of the Venetian cartographic production and analyzes in detail their engravings of the Hungarian towns at the time of the Ottoman conquests, including the siege and the fall of the fortress Sziget during the command of Nikola Šubić Zrinyi. The analysis is based on the five extant copies of Zenoi's and Forlani's collections of views, two of which have been unknown until discovered by the author in the Budapest National Library.Keywords: Cartography; Venice; Zenoi; Forlani; Hungarian towns; Ottoman conquests

  4. Physico-chemical and bacteriological quality assessment of shallow wells in Kitui town, Kenya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romulus Abila

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Kitui town, a small but fast growing town in arid south-eastern Kenya faces unreliable water supply and residents are highly dependent on shallow wells as the main source of water for domestic use. A study was carried out to assess the physical-chemical and bacteriological quality of water from shallow wells within the town’s main residential areas. 96 water samples were collected from 8 main residential estates within the town between May and July 2011 and analysed for physical-chemical characteristics and bacterial quantity and species. Water analysis revealed presence of 9 pathogenic genera including Salmonella, Escherichia coli, Vibrio, Listeria, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Enterobacter, Klebsiella and Pseudomonas. Multiple-tube fermentation technique was used to enumerate coliform bacteria in water. Total aerobic bacterial load ranged from 3.70 x102 to 2.352 x103 CFU/ml. E. Coli was isolated from Majengo and Mjini estates only and the bacterial load estimated as 1.10 x102 CFU/ml and 0.20 x102 CFU/ml respectively while Salmonella sp. was isolated from water samples from Kunda Kindu, JICA and Mjini estates. Conductivity and pH levels were above World Health Organization acceptable levels for drinking water in all samples. All samples tested did not meet the WHO bacteriological standards for drinking water. The presence of Salmonella, Vibrio, Listeria and E. Coli should particularly raise serious public health concerns over the quality of the town’s shallow wells water. Intervention measures including creating awareness and educating residents on shallow well construction, citing and care, boiling of water and improving sanitation should be urgently instituted. There is also need to construct sewerage works for the rapidly expanding Kitui town to reduce incidences of contamination from septic tanks.

  5. Importance of planning and construction of the light rail systems for sustainable town development

    OpenAIRE

    Filipović Dejan; Obradović Danijela

    2005-01-01

    Increase of population and activities in towns, among other things, leads to traffic and transport problems. Discrepancy between citizen's needs and existing economy and functionality of public traffic systems leads to traffic jam, but also to negative effects to environment. In that situation private vehicle is not the best solution, because it emits great number of pollutants in the environment. As a product of the technological improvement in rail industry there have been created light rai...

  6. The socio-economic and spatial transformation of Polish cities after 1989

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerzy J. Parysek

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present the socio-economic and spatial transformation of Polishcities after 1989. The Polish changes reached the structures of the three basic subsystems ofthe state: political (power, social (society, and economic (the economy. The systemictransformation that has taken place in Poland after 1989 is most readily visible in towns,although it was introduced in the country as a whole. For the development and transformationof towns, the most important were the introduction of local government structures andthe market model of the economy. The restitution of local government has ensured townsan authentic manager authorised to perform his function by the local community. The introductionof the market model to the economy has resulted in its privatisation and the appearanceof enterprise and competition. Towns, especially the biggest cities, have becomeattractive locations for investment. Cities with a balanced economic structure and well-developedinfrastructure had much better chances for growth to start with. Unfortunately, thetransformation period has also had some detrimental effects, the most important being unemploymentand all kinds of social deviance. However, Polish cities are certainly differenttoday and resemble Western cities to a greater extent than did the so-called socialist townsbuilt along theoretically beautiful but practically ineffectual ideological lines.

  7. Smart cities and sharing economy

    OpenAIRE

    GORI, Paula; Parcu, Pier Luigi; STASI, Maria Luisa

    2015-01-01

    The concepts of smart city and sharing economy are at the centre of a number of current debates, which touch upon, among others, issues like the current urbanisation trends, the particular economic situation we are facing in the last years, the spread of connectivity and of new technologies and the innovation process in general. This working paper looks at the different and common characteristics of both smart cities and sharing economy models, in order to explore their interaction and comple...

  8. Urban, Environmental and Tourism State of the Romanian Carpathian Small Towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ELENA MATEI

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In Romania, after 1990, tourism is seen as a univer sal solution for the economic development of any region. In fact, some areas are appropriate to this. One of them is the Carpathian area, where a quarter of the Romanian sma ll towns exist. These settlements are still trying to adapt to the market economy hence many of them, as former mono-industrial centers, have shrank their activities and try to subscribe i n the new economic landscape. In the context of a great tourism potential given by the Carpathians resources and benefiting by urban development, few environmental changes analyzed through tourism p otential indicator (Tp, urban development indicator (UDI, environmental change indicator (ECh I, many of the mountainous small towns can successfully revive through tourism development . Their good economic, urban and environmental state influences the surroundings, ru ral area and their communities' wellbeing; hence their revival through tourism may increase th e mountain economy.

  9. Use of Marketing Instruments in Development of towns and regions: Case Study Slovakia

    OpenAIRE

    Bucek, Milan; Paulickova, Renata

    2003-01-01

    It is possible to apply the marketing conception also by managing and developing towns. Marketing as a scientific discipline has started to apply in specific conditions of managing of the public sector in 1980s. The interest in this discipline in the conditions of the Slovak Republic ? young and accession country which is being prepared for the entry to the European structures ? has been caused particularly by two facts: transformation of proprietary relations and democratization of control p...

  10. Cultivating authenticity : Perceptions of Zanzibari culture and history within the heritage management of Stone Town

    OpenAIRE

    Sjöstrand, Johan

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to acquire a deeper understanding of the relationship betweenheritage management, the tourism industry and perceptions of authenticity in the worldheritage site of Stone Town in Zanzibar, Tanzania. This is a case study within the field ofheritage studies with a focus on planning and the production of authenticity. In this study Iintend to shed light on the ideas and perceptions on authenticity that shapes the conservationand promotion of the world heritage of Stone T...

  11. Parental Investment, Club Membership, and Youth Sexual Risk Behavior in Cape Town

    OpenAIRE

    Camlin, Carol S.; Snow, Rachel C

    2008-01-01

    This study examines whether parental investment and membership in social clubs are associated with safer sexual behaviors among South African youth. Participants comprised 4,800 randomly selected adolescents age 14 to 22 living in the Cape Town area in 2002. Logistic regression was used to examine associations between measures of parental investment and associational membership with reported condom use at first and most recent sexual intercourse, net of effects of HIV knowledge, age, educatio...

  12. City Walks and Tactile Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mădălina Diaconu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is an attempt to develop categories of the pedestrian’s tactile and kinaesthetic experience of the city. The beginning emphasizes the haptic qualities of surfaces and textures, which can be “palpated” visually or experienced by walking. Also the lived city is three-dimensional; its corporeal depth is discussed here in relation to the invisible sewers, protuberant profiles, and the formal diversity of roofscapes. A central role is ascribed in the present analysis to the formal similarities between the representation of the city by walking through it and the representation of the tactile form of objects. Additional aspects of the “tactile” experience of the city in a broad sense concern the feeling of their rhythms and the exposure to weather conditions. Finally, several aspects of contingency converge in the visible age of architectural works, which record traces of individual and collective histories.

  13. Desiring mobiles, desiring education: mobile phones and families in a rural Chinese Town

    OpenAIRE

    McDonald, T.

    2016-01-01

    This chapter draws on ethnographic data to examine the relationship between mobile communication technologies (especially mobile phones) and learning in a small rural town in north China. Building on a wide body of literature that emphasises the enduring importance of education within Chinese culture, this chapter demonstrates how contemporary attitudes towards learning become constructed and expressed through mobile phone use. The chapter illustrates how most rural parents regard mobile phon...

  14. Local Elites and Italian Town Planning Procedures in Early Colonial Tripoli (1911-1912)

    OpenAIRE

    Bocquet, Denis; Lafi, Nora

    2002-01-01

    International audience The object of this paper is an analysis of the issue of town planning during the first years of the Italian occupation of Libya. Based upon the archives of the presidency of the council of ministers in Rome and on local archives in Tripoli, the authors trace the rivalries between army engineers, civil engineers and the former ottoman municipality in the drawing of the first colonial masterplan of Tripoli. Cet article est consacré à une lecture des enjeux instituti...

  15. Diurnal variations of airborne fungal spores concentration in the town and rural area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idalia Kasprzyk

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Airborne fungal spores were monitored in 2001-2002 in Rzeszów (town and its neighborhood. The aim of investigations was to ascertain if there were differences in diurnal variations of airborne fungal spores concentration between town and rural area. The sampling was carried out using volumetric method. Traps were located at the same heights - app. 12 m. Airborne spores were sampled continuously. Microscopical slides were prepared for each day. Analysis was carried out on one longitudinal band of 48 mm long divided into 24 segments corresponding following hours of day. The results were expressed as mean number of fungal spores per cubic meter per 24 hours. For this survey, five geni of allergenic fungi were selected: Alternaria, Botrytis, Cladosporium, Epicoccum, Ganoderma. The concentrations of their airborne spores were high or very high. It was calculated theoretical day, where the hourly count was the percentage mean of number of spores at that time every chosen day without rainfall from 2001 and 2001 years. The diurnal periodicity of Alternaria, Cladosporium, Epicoccum and Ganoderma showed one peak, while Botrytis two. Anamorphic spores peaked in the afternoon, while their minima occurred in the morning. The highest concentrations of Ganoderma basidiospores were at down or at night, but minima during the day. There were no clear differences in the peak values between two studied sites. The results indicate that maximum concentrations of all spores generally occurred a few hour earlier in the rural area than in the town. Probably, in the rural area airborne spores came from many local sources and their diurnal periodicity reflected rhythm of spore liberation. Towns are characterized by specific microclimate with higher temperature and wind blowing to the centre. In Rzeszów fungal spores could be transported outside and carried out by wind from distant sources. This study showed, among others, that habitat conditions are an important factors

  16. Torrential floods and town and country planning in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Ristić

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Torrential floods are the most frequent natural catastrophic events in Serbia, causing the loss of human lives and huge material damage, both in urban and rural areas. The analysis of the intra-annual distribution of maximal discharges aided in noticing that torrential floods have a seasonal character. The erosion and torrent control works (ETCWs in Serbia began at the end of the 19th century. Effective protection from torrential floods encompasses biotechnical works on the slopes in the watershed and technical works on the torrent beds, within a precisely defined administrative and spatial framework in order to achieve maximal safety for people and their property. Cooperation to overcome the conflicts between the sectors of the water resources management, forestry, agriculture, energetics, environmental protection and local economic development groups is indispensable at the following levels: policy, spatial planning, practice, investments and education. The lowest and most effective level is through the Plans for Announcement of Erosive Regions (PAERs and the Plans for Protection from Torrential Floods (PPTFs, with Hazard Zones (HZs and Threatened Areas (TAs mapping on the basis of the hydrologic, hydraulic and spatial analysis of the factors that are important for the formation of torrential floods. Solutions defined through PAERs and PPTFs have to be integrated into Spatial Plans at local and regional levels.

  17. Fire Hydrants, Town of Payne City: Data set includes GPS collected locations of all fire hydrants within the city limits., Published in 2009, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Middle Georgia RC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Fire Hydrants dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2009. It is described as 'Town of Payne...

  18. Radon and radioactivity at a town overlying Uranium ores in northern Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kourtidis, K; Georgoulias, A K; Vlahopoulou, M; Tsirliganis, N; Kastelis, N; Ouzounis, K; Kazakis, N

    2015-12-01

    Extensive measurements of (222)Rn in the town of Xanthi in N Greece show that the part of the town overlying granite deposits and the outcrop of a uranium ore has exceptionally high indoor radon levels, with monthly means up to 1500 Bq m(-3). A large number of houses (40%) in this part of the town exhibit radon levels above 200 Bq m(-3) while 11% of the houses had radon levels above 400 Bq m(-3). Substantial interannual variability as well as the highest in Europe winter/summer ratios (up to 12) were observed in this part of the town, which consist of traditional stone masonry buildings of the late 19th-early 20th century. Measurements of (238)U and (232)Th content of building materials from these houses as well as radionuclide measurements in different floors show that the high levels of indoor radon measured in these buildings are not due to high radon emanation rates from the building materials themselves but rather due to high radon flux from the soil because of the underlying geology, high radon penetration rates into the buildings from underground due to the lack of solid concrete foundations in these buildings, or a combination thereof. From the meteorological variables studied, highest correlation with indoor (222)Rn was found with temperature (r(2) = 0.65). An indoor radon prognostic regression model using temperature, pressure and precipitation as input was developed, that reproduced indoor radon with r(2) = 0.69. Hence, meteorology is the main driving factor of indoor radon, with temperature being the most important determinant. Preliminary flux measurements indicate that the soil-atmosphere (222)Rn flux should be in the range 150-250 Bq m(-2) h(-1), which is in the upper 10% of flux values for Europe.

  19. Long Street: A Map of Post-Apartheid Cape Town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Spissu

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available No map fully coincides with the territory it represents. If the map and territory do not coincide, what can the map capture of the territory? According to Bateson, the answer is its differences. Drawing from Gregory Bateson’s ideas, we can envision an ethnographic representation of the city through which we can represent the urban territory through the different ways its inhabitants perceive it. In this article, I describe the process that led me to build a map of post-apartheid Cape Town from Long Street. I took inspiration from Bateson’s book Naven and compared it with the District Six Museum map in Cape Town with the objective of representing post-apartheid Cape Town through its differences.

  20. DECENTRALIZATION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL HERITAGE MANAGEMENT IN THE YUCATECAN LIVING TOWNS. INDICATORS PARTICIPATION AND COORDINATION OF THE PUBLIC AND SOCIAL STAKEHOLDERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep Ligorred Perramon

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This research was developed against a background of debate arising since the 1990s regarding decentralization processes in archaeological heritage management in Mexico. Therefore this research focuses on the study of management processes in sites in Yucatan: particularly through observation of archaeological sites that make and what they do, and don’t, the different social actors to promote the conservation of this Our main hypothesis is that the lack of strategies for an activation of archaeological heritage in urban areas which is sustained over time and aimed at and/or alliance among the different government levels, and between government and various sectors of society, prohibits the and revaluing of this heritage for sustainable social use. We studied the archaeological situation prevailing in the Yucatecan cities of Mérida, Izamal, Acanceh and Dzilam González. The results us to demonstrate the need for a new management plan of heritage in living towns. Finally, we a series of indicators for measuring the participation, actions and coordination of those involved, with a view to collaborating in the development of mechanisms and strategies for evaluating advances in decentralization processes

  1. SUSTAINABLE SECURITY OF SOCIAL AND LABOR RELATIONS OF A TOWN-FORMING ENTERPRISE OF A MONOPROFILE MUNICIPALITY

    OpenAIRE

    Roshchina, Irina; Dyatlova, Natalya

    2014-01-01

    In this paper the authors prove the actuality of the analysis of social and labor relations in monoprofile municipalities today. The specific features of social and labor relations at a town-forming enterprise of a monoprofile municipality are displayed. The concepts of “sustainable development of social and labor relations” and “sustainable security of social and labor relations” of a town-forming enterprise of a monoprofile municipality are developed. The authors proposed a methodological a...

  2. Empirical Analysis on the Rural Urbanization Development in Luoyang City,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Development status of rural urbanization in Luoyang City is introduced.A total of 6 indices are selected,such as total households in townships,total population in townships,total grain output,financial budget income,balance of savings deposits at the end of the year,and per capita net income of farmers.According to the data in 2009 Luoyang Statistical Yearbook,cluster analysis of 53 designated towns is carried out.Result shows that 53 designated towns are divided into 4 types according to the economic strength.Problems in the development of rural urbanization in Luoyang City are analyzed,such as imperfect management system,lack of effective economic measures,irrational town layout,unbalanced regional development,inadequate urban infrastructure,limited population absorption,lack of main industry in small towns,insufficient development capital,serious environmental pollution,and great pressure on environmental protection of towns.Countermeasures for the development of rural urbanization in Luoyang City are put forward.For instance,judging from the dynamic mechanism,Luoyang City should gradually change its dynamic mechanism of urbanization into socialist market system.Judging from the scale of town,Luoyang City should actively develop the central city and cultivate strong counties and key towns.Judging from the function of town,Luoyang should select a special urban development mode with its own characteristics for its development of rural urbanization.

  3. THE TRANSFORMATION OF CADASTRAL DATA FORMAT FROM CASS TO MAPGIS IN ESTABLISHING THE CITY/TOWN CADASTRAL DATABASE%城镇地籍建库中CASS和MapGIS城镇地籍数据转换研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    索俊锋

    2011-01-01

    In order to efficiently establish the city and town cadastral database,the various topographic data need to be edited and processed by using CASS software,while the space quantitative data was used to manage and analyze in the cadastral database based on GIS platform.According to the technique standards and procedures of the Second National Land Resources Investigation,the characteristic of the cadastral data of CASS and MapGIS were analyzed,and then an effective data conversion method to achieve the directly transformation was introduced.Finally,the transformation of cadastral data format from CASS to MAPGIS was successfully realized based on Visual Basic 6.0 platform,which provided a technical support to realize two kinds of data sharing.%为高效建立城镇地籍数据库,经常要将各类数字地形图数据在南方CASS中编辑、处理,而城镇地籍数据库普遍采用GIS平台进行空间矢量化数据管理分析。结合第二次全国土地调查城镇地籍数据库建设工作,首先分析了CASS和MapGIS地籍数据格式的特点;其次介绍了如何选用有利的转换方法来有效地实现两种数据的转换;最后详细阐述了利用Visual Basic 6.0平台将CASS数据无损转换为MapGIS地籍数据的代码实现,为实现两种数据的共享提供一定的技术支持。

  4. Danish Towns during Absolutism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    crisis for the Danish urban community, mainly caused by the devastating effects of the seventeenth century warfare. Some few towns, however, stood out with positive development, first and foremost Copenhagen which flourished in its function as the centre of the Absolutist regime. The book traces both the...

  5. MASSACHUSETTS TOWNS WITH COASTLINE

    Science.gov (United States)

    The political boundary datalayer is a 1:25,000 scale datalayer containing the boundaries of the 351 communities in Massachusetts. The seaward boundary of coastal communities has been defined at mean high water in this datalayer. The datalayer is named TOWNS, and it is stored as ...

  6. Reviving the Town Meeting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grove, Tim

    1996-01-01

    Discusses the use of the National Issues Forum's (NIF's) town meetings in efforts to increase citizen participation in democratic processes. Describes the Catholic adaptation of the NIF approach, providing examples of its use at the high school, college, and community level. (MAB)

  7. Mortality from lung cancer and population risk attributable to asbestos in an asbestos cement manufacturing town in Italy

    OpenAIRE

    Magnani, C; Leporati, M.

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To estimate mortality from lung cancer and the risk attributable to asbestos separately for asbestos cement workers and for the general (non-occupationally exposed) population in the town of Casale Monferrato, where the largest Italian asbestos cement factory had been in operation in 1907-86. According to cancer registry data, in the same town the incidence of malignant mesothelioma in the general population is about 10 times higher than in comparable Italian provinces. METHO...

  8. Application of Geographic Information System and Remotesensing in effective solid waste disposal sites selection in Wukro town, Tigray, Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammedshum, A. A.; Gebresilassie, M. A.; Rulinda, C. M.; Kahsay, G. H.; Tesfay, M. S.

    2014-11-01

    Identifying solid waste disposal sites and appropriately managing them is a challenging task to many developing countries. This is a critical problem too in Ethiopia in general and in Wukro town in particular. The existing site for Wukro town is not sufficient in its capacity and it is damaging the environment due to its location, and the type of waste dumped, while the surrounding area is being irrigated. Due to the swift expansion and urbanization developments in Wukro town, it badly needs to develop controlled solid waste dumping site to prevent several contamination problems. This study was conducted first, to assess the existing waste management strategies in Wukro town; and second, to find out the potential waste disposal sites for the town, using GIS and Remote Sensing techniques. The study exploited the Multi-Criteria Evaluation (MCE) methods to combine necessary factors considered for dumping site selection. The selected method also uses various geographical data including remote sensing data, with GIS spatial analysis tools. Accordingly, site suitability maps for each of the factors were developed in a GIS environment. Results indicate that 12 dumping sites were appropriate and they were further ranked against their suitability in terms of wind direction, proximity to settlement area and distance from the center of the town. Finally, two sites are the best suitable for dumping site. This study indicated that the application of Geographic Information System and Remote Sensing techniques are efficient and low cost tools to study and select appropriate dumping site so as to facilitate decision making processes.

  9. Simulating the conversion of rural settlements to town land based on multi-agent systems and cellular automata.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yaolin; Kong, Xuesong; Liu, Yanfang; Chen, Yiyun

    2013-01-01

    Rapid urbanization in China has triggered the conversion of land from rural to urban use, particularly the conversion of rural settlements to town land. This conversion is the result of the joint effects of the geographic environment and agents involving the government, investors, and farmers. To understand the dynamic interaction dominated by agents and to predict the future landscape of town expansion, a small town land-planning model is proposed based on the integration of multi-agent systems (MAS) and cellular automata (CA). The MAS-CA model links the decision-making behaviors of agents with the neighbor effect of CA. The interaction rules are projected by analyzing the preference conflicts among agents. To better illustrate the effects of the geographic environment, neighborhood, and agent behavior, a comparative analysis between the CA and MAS-CA models in three different towns is presented, revealing interesting patterns in terms of quantity, spatial characteristics, and the coordinating process. The simulation of rural settlements conversion to town land through modeling agent decision and human-environment interaction is very useful for understanding the mechanisms of rural-urban land-use change in developing countries. This process can assist town planners in formulating appropriate development plans.

  10. Simulating the conversion of rural settlements to town land based on multi-agent systems and cellular automata.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaolin Liu

    Full Text Available Rapid urbanization in China has triggered the conversion of land from rural to urban use, particularly the conversion of rural settlements to town land. This conversion is the result of the joint effects of the geographic environment and agents involving the government, investors, and farmers. To understand the dynamic interaction dominated by agents and to predict the future landscape of town expansion, a small town land-planning model is proposed based on the integration of multi-agent systems (MAS and cellular automata (CA. The MAS-CA model links the decision-making behaviors of agents with the neighbor effect of CA. The interaction rules are projected by analyzing the preference conflicts among agents. To better illustrate the effects of the geographic environment, neighborhood, and agent behavior, a comparative analysis between the CA and MAS-CA models in three different towns is presented, revealing interesting patterns in terms of quantity, spatial characteristics, and the coordinating process. The simulation of rural settlements conversion to town land through modeling agent decision and human-environment interaction is very useful for understanding the mechanisms of rural-urban land-use change in developing countries. This process can assist town planners in formulating appropriate development plans.

  11. Assessment and analysis of indices of urban sustainable development in small cities (case study of Soran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahram Irandegani

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available density and villagers migrate to the cities attention and emphasis was planning to strengthen and grow small towns. The study by researchers in different countries shows that small towns are one of the most successful examples of settlement in the area of sustainable development. Soran and the social and physical areas of urban sustainability indicators in urban areas is presented. The research method of this study is survey method and the data has been obtained from the questionnaire. The results of findings show that in terms of urban sustainability indices, the city of Soran has not a desirable situation in relation to the medium of urban system but it is in the same state in terms of more social, economic and physical indices in relation to urban system of country which it is noticeable clearly.

  12. Health Aspects of Climate Change in Cities with Mediterranean Climate, and Local Adaptation Plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paz, Shlomit; Negev, Maya; Clermont, Alexandra; Green, Manfred S

    2016-04-01

    Cities with a Mediterranean-type climate (Med-cities) are particularly susceptible to health risks from climate change since they are located in biogeographical hot-spots that experience some of the strongest effects of the changing climate. The study aims to highlight health impacts of climate change in Med-cities, analyze local climate adaptation plans and make adaptation policy recommendations for the Med-city level. We identified five Med-cities with a climate change adaptation plan: Adelaide, Barcelona, Cape Town, Los Angeles and Santiago. Beyond their similar Med-climate features (although Santiago's are slightly different), the cities have different socio-economic characteristics in various aspects. We analyzed each plan according to how it addresses climate change-related drivers of health impacts among city dwellers. For each driver, we identified the types of policy adaptation tools that address it in the urban climate adaptation plans. The surveyed cities address most of the fundamental climate change-related drivers of risks to human health, including rising temperatures, flooding and drought, but the policy measures to reduce negative impacts vary across cities. We suggest recommendations for Med-cities in various aspects, depending on their local needs and vulnerability challenges: assessment of health risks, extreme events management and long-term adaptation, among others.

  13. Health Aspects of Climate Change in Cities with Mediterranean Climate, and Local Adaptation Plans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shlomit Paz

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Cities with a Mediterranean-type climate (Med-cities are particularly susceptible to health risks from climate change since they are located in biogeographical hot-spots that experience some of the strongest effects of the changing climate. The study aims to highlight health impacts of climate change in Med-cities, analyze local climate adaptation plans and make adaptation policy recommendations for the Med-city level. We identified five Med-cities with a climate change adaptation plan: Adelaide, Barcelona, Cape Town, Los Angeles and Santiago. Beyond their similar Med-climate features (although Santiago’s are slightly different, the cities have different socio-economic characteristics in various aspects. We analyzed each plan according to how it addresses climate change-related drivers of health impacts among city dwellers. For each driver, we identified the types of policy adaptation tools that address it in the urban climate adaptation plans. The surveyed cities address most of the fundamental climate change-related drivers of risks to human health, including rising temperatures, flooding and drought, but the policy measures to reduce negative impacts vary across cities. We suggest recommendations for Med-cities in various aspects, depending on their local needs and vulnerability challenges: assessment of health risks, extreme events management and long-term adaptation, among others.

  14. Health Aspects of Climate Change in Cities with Mediterranean Climate, and Local Adaptation Plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paz, Shlomit; Negev, Maya; Clermont, Alexandra; Green, Manfred S

    2016-04-01

    Cities with a Mediterranean-type climate (Med-cities) are particularly susceptible to health risks from climate change since they are located in biogeographical hot-spots that experience some of the strongest effects of the changing climate. The study aims to highlight health impacts of climate change in Med-cities, analyze local climate adaptation plans and make adaptation policy recommendations for the Med-city level. We identified five Med-cities with a climate change adaptation plan: Adelaide, Barcelona, Cape Town, Los Angeles and Santiago. Beyond their similar Med-climate features (although Santiago's are slightly different), the cities have different socio-economic characteristics in various aspects. We analyzed each plan according to how it addresses climate change-related drivers of health impacts among city dwellers. For each driver, we identified the types of policy adaptation tools that address it in the urban climate adaptation plans. The surveyed cities address most of the fundamental climate change-related drivers of risks to human health, including rising temperatures, flooding and drought, but the policy measures to reduce negative impacts vary across cities. We suggest recommendations for Med-cities in various aspects, depending on their local needs and vulnerability challenges: assessment of health risks, extreme events management and long-term adaptation, among others. PMID:27110801

  15. Architecture and Stages of the Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book presents more than 41 articles on ‘Architecture and Stages of the Experience City'. The aim of the book is to investigate current challenges related to architecture, art and city life in the ‘Experience City' and it is presenting cutting edge knowledge and experiences within the following...... themes: Experience City Making Digital Architecture Stages in the Experience City The City as a Learning Lab Experience City Architecture Performative Architecture Art and Performance Urban Catalyst and Temporary Use...

  16. Life in The Country And The City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李仕富; 伍章华

    2002-01-01

    City born and city bred, some people consider city life to be the life of the heaven, comparing it with the poverty, in their opinion, of the country. On the contrary, others are very tired of the city life and they are admiring to live in the peaceful country very much.

  17. research on Town Spatial reconstruction and urbanlization Strategy of County under the Influence of the Xiangjiaba reservoir Area:A Case Study of Pingshan County, Yibin City (Part 1)%向家坝库区影响下的县域城镇空间重构与城镇化策略研究*--以宜宾市屏山县为例(上)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈明坤; 魏成

    2014-01-01

    本文以向家坝库区建设为背景,以宜宾市屏山县为微观研究对象,探讨向家坝库区城镇迁建背景及影响下的县域城镇空间重构与城镇化发展策略。库区移民与城镇迁建对屏山县的社会经济、城镇发展与交通建设影响深远,致使屏山县发展环境发生了重大变化。在对新的县域城镇发展形势与区域发展态势判断的前提上,结合城镇化的动力机制分析,以屏山县城镇发展条件与自然及资源禀赋为基础,论文提出了新时期屏山县城镇化发展的“四大战略”(非均衡发展战略、城镇与园区一体化战略、生态休闲导向战略以及区域协作导向战略)和“三个差异化”城镇化策略与路径(集中城镇化、分散城镇化和异地城镇化),以塑造地域城镇化特色,加快县域城镇化发展进程。%Taking Pingshan County as a micro-analytic object, this paper discusses town spatial reconstitution of Country and the development strategy of urbanlization under the construction of Xiangjiaba Reservoir Area. The reservoir resettlement and town relocation play a key role in socio-economic conditions, town development and traffic construction, which results a major changes of development elements in Pingshan County. On the premise of analysis about County's town development strategy, regional development situation, town development condition and natural resources, combining the analysis of dynamic mechanism of Urbanization, The paper puts forward “Four strategic of urbanization development"(Ubalanced development strategy, Towns and parks integration strategy, Ecological leisure oriented strategy, Regional cooperation oriented strategy) and “Three differentiated urbanization strategy” (Centralized urbanization, Decentralized urbanization and Relocating urbanization) in a new period of Pingshan country. Those strategy and urbanization mode wil contribute to shape the geographical

  18. Research on Town Spatial Reconstruction and Urbanlization Strategy of County under the Influence of the Xiangjiaba Reservoir Area:A Case Study of Pingshan County, Yibin City(Part 2)%向家坝库区影响下的县域城镇空间重构与城镇化策略研究*--以宜宾市屏山县为例(下)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈明坤; 魏成

    2014-01-01

    本文以向家坝库区建设为背景,以宜宾市屏山县为微观研究对象,探讨向家坝库区城镇迁建背景及影响下的县域城镇空间重构与城镇化发展策略。库区移民与城镇迁建对屏山县的社会经济、城镇发展与交通建设影响深远,致使屏山县发展环境发生了重大变化。在对新的县域城镇发展形势与区域发展态势判断的前提上,结合城镇化的动力机制分析,以屏山县城镇发展条件与自然及资源禀赋为基础,论文提出了新时期屏山县城镇化发展的“四大战略”(非均衡发展战略、城镇与园区一体化战略、生态休闲导向战略以及区域协作导向战略)和“三个差异化”城镇化策略与路径(集中城镇化、分散城镇化和异地城镇化),以塑造地域城镇化特色,加快县域城镇化发展进程。%Taking Pingshan County as a micro-analytic object, this paper discusses town spatial reconstitution of Country and the development strategy of urbanlization under the construction of Xiangjiaba Reservoir Area. The reservoir resettlement and town relocation play a key role in socio-economic conditions, town development and traffic construction, which results a major changes of development elements in Pingshan County. On the premise of analysis about County's town development strategy, regional development situation, town development condition and natural resources, combining the analysis of dynamic mechanism of Urbanization, The paper puts forward “Four strategic of urbanization development"(Ubalanced development strategy, Towns and parks integration strategy, Ecological leisure oriented strategy, Regional cooperation oriented strategy) and“ Three differentiated urbanization strategy” (Centralized urbanization, Decentralized urbanization and Relocating urbanization) in a new period of Pingshan country. Those strategy and urbanization mode will contribute to shape the geographical

  19. Linking Poverty and the Environment: Evidence from Slums in Philippine Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Ballesteros, Marife M.

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the linkages of poverty and environment at the household level in Philippine slums. Rapid urbanization and the inadequate infrastructure and basic services in large towns and cities have led to the proliferation of slums and informal settlements in the country. While poverty incidence of the population in key metropolitan centers is on average 17 percent compared to the national average of 32 percent, slum population has been exponentially rising at an average rate of 3.4 ...

  20. LINGUO–CULTURAL ASPECTS AS AN ATTRACTIVENESS FACTORS OF CITIES

    OpenAIRE

    Silineviča, Irēna

    2012-01-01

    Regional development problems are topical problems in all the countries around the world. The polycentric development of cities and their surroundings is the main way for solution of this problem. Attractiveness of cities has a direct correlation to their competitiveness. Taking into account that tourism is one of the development directions related to all the towns in Latgale region, the object of this article is research of the attractiveness of towns from the tourists’ point of view. The ma...

  1. Marketing the Uniqueness of Small Towns. Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, Douglas; Hogg, David H.

    The key to marketing a town is determining and promoting the town's "differential advantage" or uniqueness that would make people want to visit or live there. Exercises to help communities gain important insights into the town's competitive edge include a brainstorming session with knowledgeable community members, a visitor questionnaire, a…

  2. Precipitation chemistry of Lhasa and other remote towns, Tibet

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, DD; Peart, M; Jim, CY; He, YQ; Li, BS; Chen, JA

    2003-01-01

    Precipitation event samples during 1987-1988 field expedition periods and 1997, 1998, 1999 and 2000 have been collected at Lhasa, Dingri, Dangxiong and Amdo, Tibet. The sampling and analysis were based on WMO recommendations for a background network with some modifications according to local conditions and environmental characteristics. The following precipitation constituents and related parameters were measured: pH, conductivity, CO2 partial pressure, total suspended particles, and the cont...

  3. Luxury and Gender in European Towns, 1700-1914

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    of culture – both as definition and as practice. Importantly, ‘political culture’ does not mean politics as it is usually defined, but refers to power and influence. Thus, how power was legitimated and understood was important in creating a space for women and for gendered political culture, which...

  4. Thallium and arsenic poisoning in a small midwestern town.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusyniak, Daniel E; Furbee, R Brent; Kirk, Mark A

    2002-03-01

    Thallium and arsenic have been used as a means of criminal poisoning. Although both manifest characteristically with peripheral neuropathies, thallium is associated with alopecia and arsenic with gastrointestinal symptoms. We describe the symptoms, physical findings, diagnostic test results, and outcomes in a group of men poisoned with thallium and arsenic. Seven patients had evidence of elevated thallium levels, and 2 patients had elevated arsenic and thallium levels. The most commonly reported symptoms included myalgias, arthralgias, paresthesias, and dysesthesias. Five patients developed alopecia. All patients with symptoms and peripheral neuropathies had characteristic blackening of their hair roots. Initially treated with dimercaptosuccinic acid, patients were switched to multiple-dose activated charcoal after testing revealed thallium poisoning. By 6 months, all patients' symptoms and peripheral neuropathies improved, but 5 patients had ongoing psychiatric problems. Thallium remains a means of criminal poisoning and should be considered in any patient with a rapidly progressing peripheral neuropathy with or without alopecia.

  5. SOCIOECONOMIC CONDITIONS AND VIOLENCE IN CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA

    OpenAIRE

    Jeremy Seekings; Kai Thaler

    2014-01-01

    There is considerable debate over the causes of violence around the world, one which goes beyond the analysis of conflict to consider the dynamics of community behavior and the importance of economic and behavioral factors. South Africa competes with Colombia, Venezuela, and a number of Central American countries for the unwelcome distinction of having among the world’s highest homicide rates, and high prevalence of other forms of violence, including domestic and sexual violence, are also app...

  6. Scaling-up Strategy as an Appropriate Approach for Sustainable New Town Development? Lessons from Wujin, Changzhou, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao Chen

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available China has achieved rapid urbanization and unprecedented economic booming over the past three decades. Numerous cities and towns dreamed of cloning the miracles of Shenzhen and Pudong, Shanghai, in terms of their international development. However, inappropriate development strategies have meant that the majority of fast expanding urban suburbs or newly developed towns suffer a high ratio of vacant dwellings in real estate markets and a massive loss of farmland. The frequent exposure of these empty cities to mass media or the public has urged urban governments to impose fiscal austerity. These unexpected and negative consequences of urban development have explicit conflicts with sustainability. This paper aims to provide a political economy view of these unsustainable outcomes of new development. To achieve this, the processes and agendas of new city or town planning in Wujin District, Changzhou City, are analyzed and evaluated from the perspective of scale theory. Extensive interviews conducted with local politicians at different levels, planners, real estate agents and local residents facilitate the interpretation of these processes and agendas. It is argued that the legends of Shenzhen and Pudong, Shanghai originate from a modified neoliberal capitalism intervention at the right time and place, with which other peer cities are not comparable. It is concluded that the scaling-up strategy is not appropriate for the local new town development of Wujin, which has led to unsustainable outcomes—empty cities and towns—and created important lessons for the sustainable development of Chinese cities.

  7. Residents, regulators, and risk in two industrial towns

    OpenAIRE

    Peter Phillimore; Achim Schlüter; Tanja Pless-Mulloli; Patricia Bell

    2007-01-01

    To what extent is trust in governance procedures a precondition for public engagement? This work is based on ethnographic research that examined the relationship between regulators and residents in the major chemical and petrochemical centres of Grangemouth (Scotland) and Ludwigshafen (Germany). In Grangemouth a period of rising economic insecurity coupled with intensified public concern about safety has brought regulatory authorities and the town’s population into ongoing dialogue. This dial...

  8. Resilience and social costs: centralised towns vs. distributed settlements?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendriksen, Kåre

    as an argument for centralization of the population. A systematic analysis of the economic and material flows related to the different types of settlement shows a more diverse and complex pattern indicating that some of the settlements and outlying districts are contribute quite much to the export...

  9. Monitoring and Prevention the Smart Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Berná Martínez, José Vicente; Maciá Pérez, Francisco; Sánchez Bernabeu, José Manuel

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays, the intensive use of Technology Information (TI) provide solutions to problems of the high population density, energy conservation and cities management. This produces a newest concept of the city, Smart City. But the inclusion of TI in the city brings associated new problems, specifically the generation of electromagnetic fields from the available and new technological infrastructures installed in the city that did not exist before. This new scenario produces a negative effect on a...

  10. Alexandre Chemetoff: Visits; town and territory - architecture in dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Braae, Ellen Marie

    2010-01-01

    The launch of Visits could hardly have been better timed. The financial crisis and the slowing down of a long developer-driven building boom create the best imaginable backdrop for a grounded and reflexive practice regarding the transformation of the urban landscape as exemplified by Chemetoff. He...

  11. "Stressed and Sexy": Lexical Borrowing in Cape Town Xhosa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowling, Tessa

    2011-01-01

    Codeswitching by African language speakers in South Africa (whether speaking English or the first language) has been extensively commented on and researched. Many studies analyse the historical, political and sociolinguistic factors behind this growing phenomenon, but there appears to be a little urgency about establishing a database of new…

  12. The Security and Development Nexus in Cape Town

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Steffen Bo

    2010-01-01

    ‘differentiated citizenship’. Such differentiated citizenship is opposed to the universal inclusivity promised by post-apartheid South Africa. By exploring the specific merging of security and development in the Capetonian war on gangs as compared to counterinsurgency and the subsequent reconfiguration...

  13. In-town dispersion calculations with RIMPUFF and UDM

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astrup, P.; Thykier-Nielsen, Søren; Mikkelsen, Torben

    2005-01-01

    and in depositions obtained with a code designed for dispersion of a release from a nuclear power plant, typically situated at a distance from densely inhabited areas, and a code specifically designed forpredicting dispersion from sources inside urban areas. The codes applied are the RIMPUFF code, RIsø Mesoscale...

  14. Anthropogenic sinkholes in the town of Naples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vennari, Carmela; Parise, Mario

    2016-04-01

    The importance of sinkhole as a natural hazard is often underrated when compared with landslides, floods, volcanic eruptions and earthquakes in Italy. Sinkholes are rarely included in risk analysis despite their frequent occurrence in several parts of Italy, especially in karst lands or in those sectors of the country where artificial cavities have been realized underground by man for different purposes. Among the most affected Italian regions, Campania (southern Italy) stands out for several reasons, with particular regard to the town of Naples, highly affected by anthropogenic sinkholes. These latter have caused serious damage to society, and above all to people in terms of deaths, missing persons, and injured people, due to the high urbanization of the city, developed above a complex and extensive network of cavities, excavated during the 2000 years of history of the town. Among the different typologies of artificial cavities, it is worth mentioning the high number of ancient quarry used to extract the building materials for the town construction. The Institute of Research for the Hydrological Protection (IRPI) of the National Research Council of Italy (CNR) has been working in the last years at populating a specific chronological database on sinkholes in the whole Italian country. On the base of the collected data, Naples appears to have been affected by not less than 250 events from the beginning of the century to nowadays. The IRPI database includes only sinkholes for which a temporal reference on their time of occurrence is known. Particular attention was given on this information, since the catalogue idea is to make a starting point for a complete sinkhole hazard analysis. At this aim, knowledge of the time of occurrence is mandatory. Day, month and year of the event are known for about 70% of sinkholes that took place in Naples, but the hour of occurrence is known for just 6% of the data. Information about site of occurrence are, on the other hand, highly

  15. Kocaeli- Karamürsel- Yalakdere Town and Surrounding Flora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meryem Sümeyye Yılancı

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, Yalakdere (Karamürsel\\Kocaeli and the surrounding diversity of vascular plants were investigated. At the end of the field study which were conducted in the region, 712 plant specimens were collected. As a result of the diagnosis of these samples; 409 taxa included in 258 genera and 79 families were identified in research area. According to the taxa phytogeographic region distributions are as follows; 87 taxa the Euro- Siberian; 64 taxa Mediterranean; 7 taxa Iran –Turanian, 79 taxa of the multi phytogeographical region and 144 taxa unknown region.17 cultivated, 3 cosmopolitan, 7 endemic taxa were identified in the study area also the rate of endemism was 1,71 % in the region. Rhaponticoides pythiae ( Azn. ; Bornm. M.V.Agab. ; Greuter was collected which haven't been collected for a long time.

  16. Chemical composition and deterioration of glass excavated in the 15th-16th century fishermen town of Raversijde (Belgium)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schalm, O. [Department of Chemistry, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, B-2610 Antwerp (Belgium)]. E-mail: koen.janssens@ua.ac.be; Caluwe, D. [Department of Archaeology, Free University of Brussels, Pleinlaan 1, B-1040 Brussels (Belgium); Wouters, H. [Institute for the Archaeological Heritage of the Flemish Community, Doornveld Industrie Asse 3, nr. 11, bus 30, B-1731 Zellik (Belgium); Janssens, K. [Department of Chemistry, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, B-2610 Antwerp (Belgium); Verhaeghe, F. [Department of Archaeology, Free University of Brussels, Pleinlaan 1, B-1040 Brussels (Belgium); Pieters, M. [Institute for the Archaeological Heritage of the Flemish Community, Doornveld Industrie Asse 3, nr. 11, bus 30, B-1731 Zellik (Belgium)

    2004-10-08

    The chemical composition, as determined by electron probe X-ray microanalysis of a series of ca. 100 archaeological glass fragments, excavated at the Raversijde site (Belgium) is discussed. In the 15th-16th century, Raversijde was a flourishing fishermen town located on the shore of the North Sea, close to the city of Ostend. As a consequence of several battles that were fought in its vicinity, the site was abandoned in the 16th century and was not occupied since then. It is one of the rare archaeological sites in Europe that contains a significant amount of information on the daily life inside a small but affluent medieval community. A comparison of the chemical composition of fragments of vessels and window glass encountered in Raversijde to those found in urban centres in Belgium and to literature date on German and French archaeological finds shows that glass made with wood ash dominates. Usually, it concerns artifacts with a predominantly utilitarian use. A few objects made with sodic (i.e., Na-rich) glass were also encountered, likely to have been imported from Venice during the 15th century or in later periods from an urban centre such as Antwerp, where Facon-de-Venice glass manufacturing activities were established near the start of the 16th century.

  17. Gurkhas??? in the town: migration, language, and healing

    OpenAIRE

    Pettigrew, Judith

    2000-01-01

    The serga pye1 recalls how a group of Tamu-mai2 (Gurung) came upon what is now the ancestral village of Kohla, planted some grain, returned to find that it had produced a high yield, and moved across the Lamjung Himal to settle in the forests above their present villages. Many Tamu-mai consider the move across the Himalaya to be the final stage in their migration, without realizing that they themselves are engaged in an equally historic migration. This article examines the cont...

  18. Freshwater habitats in Plovdiv town and its surroundings and their importance for the biodiversity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DILYAN GEORGIEV

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The current synopsis reviews the types of aquatic habitats, that are located in the city of Plovdiv and analyses their importance for the biodiversity. Studies of the biodiversity in urban landscapes are of particular importance because they are still scarce. Several plant and animal groups are studied in the city of Plovdiv – mosses, mollusks, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Their distribution among habitats is presented, as well as specific threats and conservation problems.

  19. Global cities and cultural experimentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rojas Gaviria, Pilar; Emontspool, Julie

    2015-01-01

    to the important role of global cities for cultural experimentation. Such cities are not only an interesting market for culturally diverse products, but also learning hubs. Managers willing to address multicultural marketplaces might target these markets with dynamic cultural offers that ensure a balance between...... rendering a product globally appreciated and recognizable, and maintaining a cosmopolitan appeal for consumers in search of diversity. Originality/value: The paper introduces global cities as markets in continuous reconstruction, depending heavily on collective cultural interactions. It turns the attention...... of the research community to the collective, reflexive, and experimental aspects of symbolic consumption. It does this by introducing the concept of cultural experimentation. Finally, it shows how arts and cultural products can function as valuable contexts for international marketing research, providing original...

  20. Environmental issues in cities and mega cities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Environmental deterioration is one of the major issues of today's world. It not only poses serious threats to human life, health and property at local level but also presents big challenges for the sustain ability of global environment The developing countries like Pakistan are facing much bigger problems due to their rapid urbanization and lack of resources to meet the increasing demands of urban areas. Although, the problems have global dimensions, their solution lies at the local level. This paper presents an overview of the environmental issues with special reference to Pakistan and identifies the role of various stakes holders including the national, provincial and local governments, industrial and trade community, NGO's and citizens for rehabilitation and improvement of the environment. The combination of a large population and poor resource environment means that judicious means of energy use and minimum waste systems of production as well as lifestyles must be employed for sustainable development.(author)

  1. Anomie in the metropolis: the city of American sociology and psychiatry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pols, Hans

    2003-01-01

    American sociologists and psychiatrists have often characterized cities as sites of social disintegration conducive to insanity. Small-town rural life, by contrast, has been presented as ideally suited for fostering mental health. Early research in psychiatric epidemiology confirmed these views. After World War II, psychiatrists and sociologists collaborated in influential research projects on mental illness in the community. Although these studies were guided by theories of social stratification, which ignores location, cities remained problematic for psychiatrists because they contained high concentrations of poverty and social problems and, consequently, mental health problems.

  2. Blood discard rate and the prevalence of infectious and contagious diseases in blood donors from provincial towns of the state of Parana, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sueli Donizete Borelli

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: So that an improvement in the selection of donors can be achieved and the risk to the recipient of transfused blood can be reduced, prospective donors are submitted to clinical and serological screening. Objective: This study investigated the blood discard rate and the rate of infectious and contagious diseases in blood donors from provincial towns of the state of Paraná, Brazil. Methods: This study was an exploratory cross-sectional descriptive investigation with a quantitative approach of donations between January and December 2011. Results: In the study period the Regional Blood center in Maringá, Brazil received 8337 blood donations from people living in the city and neighboring towns. However, 278 (3.33% donations were discarded during serological screening owing to one or more positive serological markers. A total of 46.4% of the discarded blood units were confirmed positive by serology with anti-HBc being the most common (66.7%, followed by syphilis (22.5%, HBsAg (4.7%, anti-hepatitis C virus (3.1%, human immunodeficiency virus (1.5% and Chagas' disease (1.5%. The rate of infectious-contagious diseases that can be transmitted by blood transfusions was 1.55% (129/8337 of the donor population with a frequency of 1.03% for anti-HBc and 0.35% for syphilis. Conclusion: This study demonstrates a high prevalence of the anti-HBc marker in prospective blood donors from provincial towns in the state of Paraná, Brazil.

  3. Barbers' knowledge and practice about occupational biological hazards was low in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beyen Teresa Kisi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Several health hazards including communicable diseases and skin conditions are associated with Barbers’ profession to which their visitors are exposed. Thus, knowledge and practice of Barbers would play a vital part in prevention and control of these health hazards. So, the aim of this study is to assess knowledge and practice, and associated factors among barbers about biological hazards associated with their profession in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia. Methods To assess knowledge and practice, and associated factors among barbers about biological hazards associated with their profession in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia, A work place based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 28 to April 6, 2012. The total numbers of Barbers in the town were 960 of which 400 Barbers were participated in the study. Sample size was determined using the formula for single population proportion by considering, 51% proportion, knowledgeable Barbers from Jimma, Ethiopia, 95% level of confidence, 5% margin of error and 15% none response rate. The numbers of barbers included in the study were selected by using systematic random sampling. Data was collected by face to face interview using a structured and pre-tested questionnaire. Binary and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with knowledge and practice of barbers. Results Of 400 barbers, only 72 (18% had good knowledge about biological hazards associated to their profession, While only 61 (15.3% were practicing safely during barbering. Knowledge of the barbers was associated significantly with educational level, owner of the business, working hour and work experience, while practice was associated only with availability of UV sterilizers in the room and working hour. Conclusion Barbers’ practice and knowledge to prevent biological hazards associated with their profession is very poor. Thus, giving training for the Barbers is

  4. Public participation in solid waste management : challenges and prospects : a case of Kira Town council, Uganda

    OpenAIRE

    Mukisa, Philemon Kirunda

    2009-01-01

    Solid waste disposal and management is both an urban and rural problem. Every person is a potential generator of waste and thus a contributor to this problem. To generate waste is one thing, the type of waste generated is another and yet also the way the generated waste is managed or disposed of is quite a different issue. This study was carried out in Kira Town Council which is located within Wakiso District in Central Uganda, in Buganda Region. The main objective of this s...

  5. Dance Drama The Border Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    THE large-scale dance drama The Border Town performed by the Hunan Provincial Troupe attracted a large audience with its natural human touch, strong local flavour and elegant literature, provoking reverie from the people. The Border Town dance drama was adapted from the novel of the same name by Shen Congwen, an influential writer on Chinese modern literature. The Border Town, written in 1934, was his masterpiece, which gives a delicate account of the young love between the orphan girl Cuicui (who was a...

  6. A Comparative Study of Prichard’s Coonardoo and Shen Congwen’s The Border Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张春燕

    2016-01-01

    Australian writer Prichard’s Coonardoo(1929) is a representative of the idea of feeling at home with nature in Austra-lia and accepting nature as it is. Similarly,Chinese writer Shen Congwen’s novella The Border Town (1934) also conveys the au-thor’s tender feelings toward rural life in his homeland in west Hunan Province. This paper compares the Australian white man’s new ideas of nature, which was demonstrated through the acceptance of Aborigines’perception of nature, and through questioning white man’s idea of civilization and progress,with the traditional Chinese concept of“return to Mother Nature”.

  7. An empirical investigation to use solar–geothermal hybrid energy system for small towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Orougi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available During the past few years, there has been increasing interest to find a replacement for gas consumption in Iranian small towns and cities. The government believes delivering cheap gas to small towns is not economical and can be replaced with recent technological solar–geothermal hybrid energy system. In this paper, we present an empirical study to calculate internal rate of return (IRR for a small town located near the city of Qom, Iran. We consider three scenarios of population, namely 1000, 1500 and 2000 households and various rates for gas price from 7 to 40 cents. The results show that a gas distribution unit yields 2% to 20% in terms of return. This brings us to conclude that gas distribution for small towns far from major cities is not economically justified for government. Therefore, we need to use alternative methods such as solar–geothermal hybrid energy system. We use TOPSIS method, as a multi criteria decision making approach, to prioritize ten small towns in Qom province and the results are analyzed.

  8. DAGESTAN(SKIYE OGNI TOWN: A STORY IN THE MAKING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magomed-Ganipa Gamidovich Magomedov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Taking for the grounds a review of archive records the paper considered the town Dagestanskiye Ogni (Dagestani Lights that emerged from scratch at the contemporary stage of the country’ history, starting from a small industrial community settlement. The author has shown development of industrial enterprises, apartment houses and the whole infrastructure of the city under the guidance of government authorities. The fact that 100 years ago gas deposits were discovered at this place had contributed to the making of cities that gave impetus to construction of a glass-manufacturing plant. It was established by the Russian brethren entrepreneurs, the Malyshev, and further people from various regions of the country came to this place. The town Dagestanskiye Ogni was incorporated as a metropolitan area in 1991, at the time of the collapse of the great country, as everybody knows. The paper also specified the part taken by the public authorities in solving the issues at the town of Dagestanskiye Ogni, both weak points and errors committed by the local authorities in solving economic and social challenges of the nascent city.

  9. Provincial States and Bonaerense Town Councils, a troubled relation during the first Peronism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Marcilese

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyze the relationship remained the state with the provincial towns of Buenos Aires during the first years of Peronism, which was introduced as a particular feature of progressive intervention of the provincial government on communal administrations. This trend helped the formation of a centralized state that was characterized, among other things, limit the autonomy of municipal governments. Also this method was accompanied by a devaluation of the growing political role of the mayors, to benefit other areas of the state apparatus and the party itself, and its conversion into a single functionary.

  10. Walking in a Virtual Town using Nintendo Wiimote and Balance Board

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucio Tommaso De Paolis

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available EnThe main goal of the Human-Computer Interaction technology is to improve the interactions between users and computers by making computers more usable and receptive to the user's needs. The end point in the interface design would then lead to a paradigm in which the interaction with computers becomes similar to the one between human beings. This paper focuses on an application of navigation and interaction in a virtual environment using the Nintendo Wiimote and the Balance Board. The idea is to have a system of navigation control in a virtual environment based on a locomotion interface in order to make the interaction easier for users without any experience of navigation in a virtual world and more efficient for trained users. The application has been developed for the navigation and interaction in the virtual town. We chose Otranto as an example town; Otranto is located in the easternmost tip of the Italian peninsula and, due to its geographical position, the town was like a bridge between East and West. The virtual environment is a loyal representation of the town of Otranto in the Middle Ages.ItL'obiettivo principale della Human-Computer Interaction technology è il miglioramento delle interazioni tra utenti e computer al fine di rendere tali sistemi più usabili e più adatti a soddisfare le diverse esigenze degli utenti. Il punto di arrivo nella progettazione di un’interfaccia sarebbe, quindi, quello rendere l'interazione con i computer simile quanto più possibile a quella tra esseri umani. Questo paper presenta un'applicazione che permette la navigazione e l’interazione in un ambiente virtuale facendo uso del Wiimote e della Balance Board della Nintendo. L'idea è di disporre di un sistema di controllo della navigazione in un ambiente virtuale basato su una semplice interfaccia di locomozione in grado di rendere più semplice l'interazione per gli utenti senza alcuna esperienza di navigazione in un mondo virtuale e più efficiente

  11. Town Gas Odorization Technique%城镇燃气加臭技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘友天

    2012-01-01

    随着“西气东输”的发展,中国越来越多的城市开始使用天然气,城镇燃气行业得到了迅速发展。对城镇燃气的加臭标准、加臭剂的种类等进行了综述。%With the development of the " West-East Gas Pipeline", more and more China~ towns began to use natural gas, town gas industry is enjoying a fast growth. Because the natural gas is colorless, odorless, inflammable, explosive, leaky and undetectable, it is extremely dangerous when it is leaking. It is a problem how to make the gas use safely. Town gas odorization technique is becoming a common technology to solve this problen~ At present, do- mestic and foreign cities and towns gas commonly take use of tetrahydrothiophene (THT) as odorization agent.

  12. 云县茂兰镇小城镇规划建设可持续发展战略的模式探索%Sustainable Development Strategy Mode Exploration of the Small Town Planning and Construction in Yunxian Maolan Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭琼

    2013-01-01

    可持续科学发展的城乡一体化规划建设是现今小城镇规划建设的主要战略目标。茂兰镇小城镇规划建设一期相对滞后,二期规划建设取得可喜的成绩,三期正在进行新区开发规划和总体规划修编工作。茂兰镇小城镇规划建设应立足于结合一期、二期规划建设实际,高起点创新式开展好三期合理利用现状河道、路、桥组织景观,使其达到文明古镇人文环境、卫生环境与现代小城镇规划建设和谐可持续发展模式要求之路。%The urban-rural integration planning and construct-ion of sustainable scientific development is now the main stra-tegic goal for the planning and construction of smal towns. The Phase I Maolan town planning and construction is relativ-ely backward, the Phase II planning and construction made gr-atifying achievements, and the Phase III is making the new city development planning and the overall planning revision work. Planning and construction of Maolan smal towns should be based on the combination of the first phase and second period of planning, construction and practice, making reasonable util-ization channel, road, bridge landscape organization of the th-ird phase in high starting point of innovation, to get modern smal town planning and construction of harmonious sustaina-ble development model with Civilized ancient cultural enviro-nment and health environment.

  13. Examinations on the Meteorologic Factors of Urban Heat Island Development in Small and Medium-sized Towns of Hungary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szegedi, S.; Gyarmati, R.; Kapocska, L.; Toth, T.

    2010-09-01

    EXAMINATIONS ON THE METEOROLOGICAL FACTORS OF URBAN HEAT ISLAND DEVELOPMENT IN SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED TOWNS OF HUNGARY Sandor Szegedi, Renata Gyarmati, Laszlo Kapocska and Tamas Toth University of Debrecen Department of Meteorology, 4032 Debrecen Egyetem tér 1. The thermal difference between the settlements and their environment is called urban heat island (UHI). Potential UHI intensities are mainly determined by the size, population and built-up structure of settlements. Meteorological conditions have a determinant impact on the development of the heat island at a certain moment. International and Hungarian studies usually deal with metropolises and big cities; much less attention is paid to medium-sized and small towns. Consequently this study has been focused on the development of UHI in such Hungarian urbanized areas as mentioned above. Settlements, located near the city of Debrecen (ca. 220,000 inhabitants) in East Hungary, with population of about 30000, 20000 10000 and 1000 were chosen for the research. Car-mounted digital thermometers with data loggers were used. Twenty four measurements were carried out during a one-year-long campaign in 2003-2004. Synoptic conditions, especially cloudiness, wind direction and wind speed were taken to consideration as determinant factors. Spatial characteristics of UHI have been described. Results have proved the existence of UHI even in the smallest settlement under suitable weather conditions. The non-heating season proved to be more advantageous for the development of UHI due to stronger irradiance and frequent anticyclonic synoptic conditions. Effects of cloudiness and wind speed have been revealed as well. St type clouds have proved to be most effective in preventing the formation of UHI. A 90-100% St cover could completely eliminate the thermal differences between natural and artificial surfaces. Ci type clouds had the weakest impact, they could prevent the formation of the heat island only in the smallest

  14. Plan for city identity establishment and city marketing - the case of Kimpo city

    OpenAIRE

    Kim Inn

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to provide theoretical methods and practical strategies of crea-ting city identity, and to utilize them as basic tools of city management. Place marketing consists of two parts, place assets making and place promotion. Place asset making is the process of making the place-specific advantage or attractiveness and the place promotion is the process that makes notice of it. The place marketing debates and strategies is quite often confined to partial place marketing,...

  15. A City Classical and Contemporary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUJIE; WANGNAN

    2003-01-01

    XIANYANG City, covering an area of 10,000 square kilometers, and with a population of 4.8 million, is just 25 kilometers from Xi'an, capital of Shaanxi Province. Known as No.1 Capital of ancient China,Xianyang is the site of nine Han Dynasty and nine Tang Dynasty emperors' tombs.

  16. Youth and the City Streets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Husby, Lynn; Brendtro, Larry

    1992-01-01

    This "Voices of Pioneers" section of the journal highlights the work of Jane Addams, who founded the settlement house movement in America with the establishment of Hull House in Chicago in 1899. Presents excerpts from Addams' book "The Spirit of Youth and the City Streets (1909)" to illustrate her views on guns, stealing, rebellion, and drugs. (NB)

  17. City and Nature In Harmony

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Xi’an,the capital city of Shaanxi Province in northwest China,is now the host of the 41st International Horticultural Exposition(IHE).China was selected the third time to host the IHE,following the 1999 Expo in Kunming and the 2006 ExpoinShenyang.Launched on April 28,the 2011 Expo lasts 178 days,and

  18. Wasted cities in urbanizing China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    He, Guizhen; Mol, A.P.J.; Lu, Yonglong

    2016-01-01

    Urbanization is a characteristic of the 21st century, especially in countries with developing economies and a large amount of rural-to-urban migration. In China, the emergence of "wasted cities and towns" has paralleled urban expansion; large newly built areas that remain unpopulated and have cre

  19. Sustainability and Cities as Systems of Innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnson, Bjørn; Lehmann, Martin

    Cities often constitute relevant environments for interactive learning and innovation potentially capable of tackling sustainability problems. In this paper we ask if the concept of systems of innovation can increase our understanding of city dynamics and help promoting the sustainable development...... of cities. Through a combination of the innovation system approach and the perspective of creative cities, we argue that a slightly modified concept – sustainable city systems of innovation – may be helpful in this context. To underline this, we discuss certain ‘city-traits’ of sustainability and conclude...

  20. Predictors of physical activity among rural and small town breast cancer survivors: an application of the theory of planned behaviour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vallance, Jeff K; Lavallee, Celeste; Culos-Reed, Nicole S; Trudeau, Marc G

    2012-01-01

    The primary objective of this study was to investigate the utility of the two-component theory of planned behaviour (TPB) in understanding physical activity intentions and behaviour in rural and small town breast cancer survivors. The secondary objective was to elicit the most common behavioural, normative and control beliefs of rural and small town survivors regarding physical activity. Using a cross-sectional survey design, 524 rural and small town breast cancer survivors completed a mailed survey that assessed physical activity and TPB variables. Physical activity intention explained 12% of the variance in physical activity behaviour (p behavioural, normative and control beliefs were elicited from the sample. The two-component TPB framework appears to be a suitable model to initiate an understanding of physical activity determinants among rural and small town breast cancer survivors. These data can be used in the development and establishment of physical activity behaviour interventions and health promotion materials designed to facilitate physical activity behaviour among rural and small town breast cancer survivors. PMID:22409699

  1. Healthcare experiences of lesbian and bisexual women in Cape Town, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Riley

    2015-01-01

    Understanding the health needs and experiences of South African lesbian and bisexual women is imperative for implementing effective and inclusive public health strategies. Such understanding, however, is limited due to the exclusion of these women from most existing research on healthcare access in the region. This paper bridges that gap by investigating the healthcare experiences of lesbian and bisexual women in Cape Town. Data were gathered from 22 interviews with self-identified lesbian and bisexual community members and university students in the Cape Town area. Interviews explored obstacles women face in accessing affirming services, different experiences with public and private healthcare, fear of stigma/discrimination, availability of relevant sexual health information and suggestions to improve existing programmes. Findings suggest that South African lesbians and bisexual women may have a range of both positive and negative experiences in public and private health services, that they use protective strategies when 'coming out' and that they find that sexual health information pertinent to them is largely unavailable. These discussions contribute to a more inclusive understanding of the experiences of lesbian and bisexual women accessing healthcare and other services and help to inform providers, thereby enabling them to deliver more meaningful care to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender persons in South Africa. PMID:25291355

  2. From city marketing to city branding : An interdisciplinary analysis with reference to Amsterdam, Budapest and Athens

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kavaratzis, Mihalis

    2008-01-01

    This thesis deals with the theory and practice of city marketing. It describes the transition from city marketing to city branding by identifying the roots of city marketing in general marketing theory, by adapting the concept of corporate-level marketing for the needs of cities and by analysing in

  3. Shrinking Cities and Path Dependency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mulder, A.

    2013-01-01

    When cities started shrinking, governments felt they had to do something. Where the main reason for shrinking was the closing down of traditional industry, economic policies were the first to be introduced: first by subsidising and reorganising existing companies, later by trying to create a more di

  4. Performing rap ciphas in late-modern Cape Town: extreme locality and multilingual citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Williams, Quentin E.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The study of hip-hop in Cape Town, and indeed South Africa, has traditionally focused on the narratives and poetics of resistance, race and counter-hegemonic agency in the context of apartheid and the early days of post-apartheid. Despite this attention, hip-hop cipha performances remain relatively under-researched. The aim of this paper is to suggest that cipha performances display linguistic and discursive features that not only are of particular interest to rap music and hip-hop on the Cape Flats of Cape Town specifically, but that also engage core issues around multilingualism, agency and voice more generally. It demonstrates how in the process of entextualization a sense of locality, extreme locality, emerges in cipha performances by means of verbal cueing, representing place, expressing disrespect (dissing, and the (deictic reference to local coordinates that is achieved by transposing or recontextualizing transidiomatic phrases, and by incorporating local proxemics and audience reactions through commentary and response. It concludes by suggestingthat competition around acceptable linguistic forms and framings (metalinguistic disputes of extreme locality comprise the very micro-processes behind the formation of new registers. At the same time, these registers create the semiotic space for the exercise of agency and voice through multilingual practices, that is, multilingual citizenship.

  5. Elemental analysis of soils and Salix polaris in the town of Pyramiden and its surroundings (Svalbard).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krajcarová, Lucie; Novotný, Karel; Chattová, Barbora; Elster, Josef

    2016-05-01

    The contents of elements in the top soil (upper 5 cm) and deeper soil (5 to 10 cm) layers and in Salix polaris (leaves and stem) from the former Soviet mining town of Pyramiden and its close vicinity on the Svalbard archipelago were determined. The analyses covered major and trace elements, including heavy metals, in order to describe anthropogenic impacts related to the management of the mining town. Soil samples and plant tissues were analysed from 13 localities across and close to town vicinity. The plant ground cover of all sampling points was determined, and plant tissues (leaves and stem) were collected. Higher contents of Cd (3-11 mg kg(-1)) and Mo (11-33 mg kg(-1)) were detected in the soils. With relation to the world average concentration of metals in soils, the geo-accumulation indexes (Igeo) and the level of pollution of the analysed soils were classified into seven pollution grades. The soils of the studied localities were usually unpolluted (grade 1) when analysed for metals, with the soil pollution grades 4-6 identified only for Cd and Mo (moderately to strongly polluted). In Salix polaris, excessive amounts of Fe (60-1520 mg kg(-1)), Zn (80-1050 mg kg(-1)), Cd (0.2-5.5 mg kg(-1)) and Cr (0-3.6 mg kg(-1)) were observed. The Igeo of these elements, compared with values considered sufficient for plants, showed pollution grades from 2 to 6. The pollution load index (PLI) ranged between 0.49 and 1.01. Only one locality could be considered polluted having a PLI higher than 1. Plant/soil transfer factors (TF) for trace metals decreased in the following order: Zn > Cu > Cd > Mn > Ni > As > Mo > Pb > Co > Al > Cr > Fe. The principal contribution of this study consists in the assessment of the contamination of soils and plants by toxic heavy metals in an otherwise pristine environment of the Svalbard archipelago related to urban/industrial activities. PMID:26867690

  6. Compatibility, adaptability and use of different types of ground floor houses in 19th century town planning: Case study Subotica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aladžić Viktorija

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A lack of knowledge of the history of architecture and town planning in the 19th century resulted in underrated regard towards this historic period and consequently in a devastation of urban and architectural heritage of the 19th century. This research was intended to clarify some segments of the history of architecture and town planning in the 19th century based on the example of Subotica. Research has shown that the basic types of ground floor houses built during the 19th century in Subotica were mutually compatible and that by a simple addition of rooms on the simple base house, more complex base houses could be built. In the same way rural houses could also be transformed into urban ones. This pattern allowed for utmost rationality of the construction of individual houses as well as of the whole town. The town, due to the application of compatible house plans, reflected a semblance of order which improved year on year, because every house at any given moment represented a finished structure. Simple attachment of building parts also allowed the houses that were located in the middle of the lot to be elongated to the street regulation line. Compatible house plans, as an auxiliary means, facilitated the application of building rules, the realization of regulation plans and provided continuous development of the town of Subotica in the period of over 150 years.

  7. Patrick Abercrombie and the Post-war Town Planning in Hong Kong%艾伯克隆比与香港战后城市规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李百浩; 邹涵

    2012-01-01

    in Hong Kong. By analyzing the influences and contributions of this Report to town planning in Hong Kong, and by exploring the evolvement of modern town planning theories and system in Hong Kong, this article sheds light on modern urban development histories of Hong Kong as well as provides a reference for strategic planning in mainland cities.

  8. Shallow Velocity Structure of Tapachula Town (chiapas, Mexico) from Joint Inversion of Array and H/v Spectral Ratio of Ambient Noise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro, M.; Vidal, F.; García-Jerez, A.; Alguacil, G.; Ruíz-Sibaja, A.; Aguirre, J.; Cárdenas, R.

    2013-05-01

    The shallow geological structure of Tapachula town has been estimated applying an association of the spatial autocorrelation (SPAC) method and the horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (HVSR, Nakamura 1989) method for ambient noise. Regular pentagonal arrays with radii up to 24 m have been employed for velocity computation. The measurements were carried out at six open spaces. Vertical components of ground motion, excited by ambient noise, were recorded at the surface. Five high-sensitivity sensors surrounding a sixth central sensor with same characteristics were used. All the records were analysed by using an implementation of the SPAC method (Aki, 1957). The phase-velocity of the Rg-wave was computed for each frequency from the correlation coefficient. The frequencies of the obtained curves ranged from 2.7 to 16.5 Hz and the phase velocity values varied between 226 and 594 m s-1. Nakamura's method was applied to determine the ground predominant period in the center of such arrays. The predominant period values vary in the 0.2-0.8 s range. Inversions of the S-wave velocity profiles corresponding to the six array sites have been achieved by using dispersion curves derived from SPAC and HVSR shapes. In order to classify the top shallow structure of Tapachula town, following the characterization of site adopted in several seismic codes (e.g. NEHRP 1994, Eurocode-8), the average shear-wave velocity of the upper 30 m (VS30) has been calculated. The results show differences between central part of the town and the peripheral zones close to both rivers rounding the city.

  9. Generating sustainable towns from Chinese villages: a system modeling approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, Richard S; Hughes, Michael T; Ryan Mather, Casey; Yanarella, Ernest J

    2008-04-01

    The great majority of China's developing towns will be extensions of already existing villages. With the prospect of hundreds of millions of Chinese farmers projected to leave their villages to become industrial workers in new and expanded towns within the next few years, new challenges will be faced. As expansion and modernization progress, this development moves from the traditional village model that operates not far from resource sustainability to increasingly unsustainable patterns of commerce, urban development, and modern life. With such an unprecedented mass migration and transformation, how can Chinese culture survive? What is to become of the existing million plus agricultural villages? How can these massively unsustainable new industrial towns survive? In the European Commission sponsored research program SUCCESS, researchers worked from the scale of the Chinese village to find viable answers to these questions. To address these issues, the Center for Sustainable Cities, one of the SUCCESS teams, studied the metabolism of several small villages. In these studies, system dynamics models of a village's metabolism were created and then modified so that inherently unsustainable means were eliminated from the model (fossil fuels, harmful agricultural chemicals, etc.) and replaced by sustainability-oriented means. Small Chinese farming villages are unlikely to survive in anything like their present form or scale, not least because they are too small to provide the range of life opportunities to which the young generation of educated Chinese aspires. As a response to this realization as well as to the many other threats to the Chinese village and its rural way of life, it was proposed that one viable path into the future would be to enlarge the villages to become full service towns with sufficient diversity of opportunity to be able to attract and keep many of the best and brightest young people who are now migrating to the larger cities. Starting with the

  10. 苏中地区专业镇城乡规划一体化研究——以东台市溱东镇为例%Study on Urban -rural Integrated Planning of Specialized Towns in Central Jiangsu——Taking Example for Qindong Town of Dongtai City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨瑞华; 隋玉亭

    2011-01-01

    The existing problems in the current planning system were analyzed by taking the urban - rural integrated development of Qindong stainless steel specialized town in the central area of Jiangsu province as a case, and the urban - rural integrated development paths of specialized towns were put forward from the following 5 aspects; overall consideration of urban and rural spatial layout, urban and rural industrial development, rural and urban infrastructure construction, rural and urban public service, and rural and urban ecological environment. The author pointed out the developmental direction of urban - rural integrated planning of specialized towns.%以苏中地区溱东不锈钢专业镇城乡一体化发展为例,分析了现行规划体系中存在的问题,提出了专业镇城乡一体化发展路径为统筹城乡空间布局、城乡产业发展、城乡基础设施建设、城乡公共服务、城乡生态环境5个方面,为专业镇的城乡规划一体化指明了发展方向.

  11. ApoE polymorphisms and diarrheal outcomes in Brazilian shanty town children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.B. Oriá

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available A series of studies have shown that the heavy burdens of diarrheal diseases in the first 2 formative years of life in children living in urban shanty towns have negative effects on physical and cognitive development lasting into later childhood. We have shown that APOE4 is relatively common in shanty town children living in Brazil (13.4% and suggest that APOE4 has a protective role in cognitive development as well as weight-for-height in children with heavy burdens of diarrhea in early childhood (64/123; 52%, despite being a marker for cognitive decline with Alzheimer’s and cardiovascular diseases later in life. APOE2 frequency was higher among children with heaviest diarrhea burdens during the first 2 years of life, as detected by PCR using the restriction fragment length polymorphism method, raising the possibility that ApoE-cholesterol balance might be critical for growth and cognitive development under the stress of heavy diarrhea burdens and when an enriched fat diet is insufficient. These findings provide a potential explanation for the survival advantage in evolution of genes, which might raise cholesterol levels during heavy stress of diarrhea burdens and malnutrition early in life.

  12. Analysis on the environmental problems accompanying the high-speed urbanization of small towns in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The environmental problems accompanying the rapid urbanization of many small towns like Keqiao, SHaoxing County, and their countermeasures are presented. To settle these problems rationally as well as effectively will not only conduce to boost the environmental quality and life quality of cities, but also help to promote the development of regional economy and the realization of sustainable development.

  13. Rethinking Ostia : a spatial enquiry into the urban society of Rome's imperial port-town

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stöger, Johanna

    2011-01-01

    Rethinking Ostia presents an archaeological and spatial approach to Roman urbanism, focused on Rome’s port city. The study proceeds along the route of a ‘spatial investigation’, offering a fresh look and detailed insights into the past society and the built environment of this port town. Following a

  14. [History Of forensic medicine and the coroner system in the town of Bjelovar].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habek, Dubravko

    2013-09-01

    This review analyses historical sources on the development of forensic medicine and the coroner system in the town of Bjelovar over the past two centuries. The development of these two professional fields in the context of public health was regulated through a number of bylaws, such as Normativum Sanitatum from the time of the Habsburg Monarchy. Coroner examinations were performed by physicians, surgeons, and laymen using special instructions such as the famous booklet by nobleman and county medical officer Vilim Peičić from 1914. Forensic autopsy was performed by surgeons, primary or secondary hospital physicians in case of sudden or suspicious in-hospital deaths, whereas outpatient forensic autopsies were performed by county or town medical officers and district physicians at the request of investigating authorities (police, court, or general attorney's office). This historical review should serve as the basis for further historical research into this field in Croatia so as to obtain deeper insight into the development of forensic medicine and the coroner system, two professions that have always been a vital factor in public health.

  15. A Study on the Pattern of “Homestead Exchange for House” in Mianzhu Town, Leshan City, Sichuan Province%四川省乐山市棉竹镇“宅基地换房”模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘灵辉; 徐攀

    2015-01-01

    在尊重农民自愿的基础上,稳步有序推进“宅基地换房”工作,开辟了农村建设用地重新整合、流转和集约利用的新途径。“宅基地换房”能有效兼顾地方政府、集体经济组织和农民等多重主体的利益,地方政府可以获得规划外的建设用地指标,集体经济组织的土地所有者地位在城乡建设用地指标置换与调配过程中会得到相应的体现,农民的财产性收入也会大大的增加,因此,“宅地基换房”是促进城乡土地资源合理优化配置的一种有效的途径。通过对四川省乐山市棉竹镇“宅基地换房”模式的操作程序、存在问题及优化对策进行系统的研究,对其他地区的“宅基地换房”工作将提供一定的借鉴和参考。%The steady and gradual implement of “homestead exchange for house” has explored the new road to reintegrate, circulate and use the construction land intensively in rural areas on the basis of respecting wishes of farmers. “Homestead exchange for house”, which effectively gives consideration to benefits of the government, economic collectives and peasants, is an effective way to advance the optimum allocation of urban and rural land resources. In this way, the local government can get construction land quotas out of general land use planning. Position of landowners in economic collectives will also be fully embodied in the replacement and allocation of construction land quotas in urban and rural areas. And farmers’ property income will increase greatly. The paper focuses on and gives systematic study to the operating pattern, existing problems and optimizing strategies of“homestead exchange for house” in Mianzhu town, Leshan city, Sichuan province, aiming to provide a reference to“homestead exchange for house” in other regions.

  16. 以信息化的规划建设城市信息化——记增城市村镇信息化平台建设%Constructing Urban Informatization Based on Informatization Planning -The construction of town- village informatization platform for Zengcheng city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈振宇; 何伟豪; 黄悦

    2011-01-01

    在广电网光纤基础上构建从规划局辐射至增城市1行政中心3街6镇的Vpn网络,同时搭载增城市规划管理信息系统,提高城市建设、管理及服务部门的管理水平和政府科学决策能力.%The project built the Vpn network from planning bureau to 1 administrative center,3 streets,and 6 towns of Zengcheng city based on Fiber Optics for Radio and TV Network. The Zengcheng planning management information system is the practical and technical system for urban planning,management and decision making,which can improve the management level and governmental scientific decision - making capability for urban planning,management,and services department.

  17. Tick pests and vectors (Acari: Ixodoidea) in European towns: Introduction, persistence and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uspensky, Igor

    2014-02-01

    Ticks have always been a part of fauna in and around human settlements, and their significance changed concurrently with the enlargement of settlements and their transformation into towns. The increased rate of urbanization during the last decades has created a new reality for tick existence. Two groups of ticks are of major concern for modern towns: those living under natural conditions of urban surroundings and those well-adapted to urban conditions. During the process of urbanization, encroachment into forested and uncultivated areas as well as protection of existing green spaces create opportunities for ticks living in nature to also exist under urban and suburban conditions. Conditions of modern urban and especially suburban environment in developed European countries adequately meet tick requirements. Tick species having an advantage in urban areas are those that can use one and the same host at all parasitic stages, can starve for a prolonged time, can use either urban pests or domesticated animals as hosts, and can live in man-made buildings. The ticks of the Argas reflexus group (Argasidae) and the brown dog tick Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Ixodidae) comply with practically all conditions necessary for successful survival in urban areas. The ability of ticks to transmit numerous human and animal pathogens and the presence of many reservoir hosts in urban and suburban areas create persistent danger for human populations and domestic animals. Impact on urban ticks should be directed against the two major requirements of tick existence: reducing populations of potential tick hosts (feral pigeons, stray dogs and cats, and urban rodents), and changing other environmental conditions to make them less suitable for ticks. It is especially important that urban inhabitants be properly informed about the danger posed by ticks, the sites of possible tick attacks, and basic self-protection techniques.

  18. Development Path of Different County-Level Towns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Haijiao; ZHANG; Zhenghe; ZHANG

    2015-01-01

    County-level town is important space carrier of China’s urbanization and the emphasis and key of strategic distribution for urbanization. Backwardness of county-level towns limits nearby transfer of surplus labor. To promote development of county-level towns,on the basis of classifying county-level towns,this paper analyzed motive and resistance factors of evolution of different county-level towns using historical data collection and statistical method,comparative approach,typical case study method,and studied development path for different county-level towns. From analysis,it reached the conclusion that industry exerts the most direct and fundamental influence on development of county-level towns,while the industrial development in county-level towns must base on their actual conditions. The county-level towns are not isolated,and their development should be established within the framework of national policy environment and superior and subordinate town system.

  19. The prevalence of schistosomiasis in Nandashan town, Yuanjiang City, Hunan Province%湖南省沅江市南大膳镇血吸虫病病情状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向世杰; 向宇; 陈明雄; 郭劲霞; 邹自征; 丁葵; 刘胜华

    2010-01-01

    目的 了解洞庭湖区血吸虫病的患病状况,为制定血吸虫病的防控措施提供依据. 方法 采取现场调查和历史回顾的方法对沅江市南大膳镇1996年至2008年12年间的血吸虫病患病情况进行调查. 结果 调查显示该镇12年来,血吸虫病患病率在4.43%~12.14%之间,呈逐年降低趋势.病型以慢性患者最多,占90%以上,晚期患者次之,急性最少.年龄分布以20岁以下年龄组极少,20~60岁随年龄增加患病率增加,≥60岁以上组较少.患者职业主要以农民为主,占患者总数的98%以上.感染方式主要以下水捕鱼和砍柴为主,其他方式较少. 结论 血吸虫病病情状况呈逐年下降趋势.%Objective To investigate the situation of schistosomiasis in Dongting Lake region so as to provide scientific evidence for decision-making the measures for control and prevention of schistosomiasis. Methods Information about schistosomiasis infection of Nandashan town, Yuanjiang City, from 1996 to 2008, was collected by field investigation and historical review. Results The investigation indicated that the mor-bility was between 4.43% -12.14% with a trend of decreasing annually during last 12 years. The rates of different disease types from high to low were chronic schistosomiasis as the most (90% ) , followed by advanced schistosomiasis and acute schistosomiasis as the least. The infection rate was increasing with tha age in the age group 20-60, while few patients were under 20 years old and above 60 years old. Among those cases, farmers accounted for 98% as the main susceptible population. The main infection routes were fishing and chopping wood. Conclusion As a whole, there was a decreasing tendency of schistosomiasis infection year by year.

  20. A GIS wind resource map with tabular printout of monthly and annual wind speeds for 2,000 towns in Iowa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brower, M.C. [Brower & Company, Andover, MA (United States); Factor, T. [Iowa Wind Energy Institute, Fairfield, IA (United States)

    1997-12-31

    The Iowa Wind Energy Institute, under a grant from the Iowa Energy Center, undertook in 1994 to map wind resources in Iowa. Fifty-meter met towers were erected at 13 locations across the state deemed promising for utility-scale wind farm development. Two years of summarized wind speed, direction, and temperature data were used to create wind resource maps incorporating effects of elevation, relative exposure, terrain roughness, and ground cover. Maps were produced predicting long-term mean monthly and annual wind speeds on a one-kilometer grid. The estimated absolute standard error in the predicted annual average wind speeds at unobstructed locations is 9 percent. The relative standard error between points on the annual map is estimated to be 3 percent. These maps and tabular data for 2,000 cities and towns in Iowa are now available on the Iowa Energy Center`s web site (http.//www.energy.iastate.edu).