WorldWideScience

Sample records for cities and towns

  1. City and Town Halls; townHalls13

    Data.gov (United States)

    University of Rhode Island Geospatial Extension Program — Locations of city and town halls in Rhode Island. Derived using information originally compiled by the State of Rhode Island (http://www.ri.gov), and built upon...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, city, Published in 2003, Daggett County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2003. It is described as 'city'. Data by this publisher are often...

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages - City Limit (polygon)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Data available online through GeoStor at http://www.geostor.arkansas.gov. Arkansas Cities: This data set contains all of the city limit boundaries within the state...

  4. Cities and Towns of the United States - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. A city or town is a place with a recorded population,...

  5. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2007, Ashland County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. Data by this publisher are often provided...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in unknown, SWGRC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of unknown. Data by this publisher are often provided...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in unknown, Douglas County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of unknown. Data by this publisher are often provided...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, cities of reno & sparks, Published in 2006, Washoe County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006. It is described as 'cities of reno in a...

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, City Limits, Published in 2014, Not Applicable scale, GIS.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at Not Applicable scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2014. It is described as 'City...

  10. Coping with shrinkage in Europe's cities and towns

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hospers, G-J.

    2013-01-01

    An increasing number of cities and towns in Europe are facing population decline. In this article we focus on the challenges of this urban shrinkage process from a policy perspective. After a short review of the main causes and consequences of urban shrinkage in Europe, two common public policy resp

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Corporate limits, Published in Not Provided, City of Aurora.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of Not Provided. It is described as 'Corporate limits'. Data...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated cities and towns in Newton County, Georgia, Published in 2008, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Northeast Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008....

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, Current boundaries of cities and towns within Iredell County, NC, Published in 2009, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Iredell County GIS.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated cities and towns in Walton County, Georgia, Published in 2007, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Northeast Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007....

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated cities and towns in Elbert County, Georgia, Published in 2006, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Northeast Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006....

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, Minor Civil Divisions. Include County, City, Village and Town boundaries., Published in 2013, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Portage County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2013. It...

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated cities and towns in Oglethorpe County, Georgia, Published in 2008, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Northeast Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008....

  18. [Hydrochemical Characteristic and Reasoning Analysis in Siyi Town, Langznong City].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yan; Wu, Yong; Yang, Jun; Sun, Hou-yun

    2015-09-01

    The characteristics of main ions in Siyi Town, Langzhong City was influenced by geologicai conditions, topography and hydrological and meteorological conditions and other factors. Here we analyzed the groundwater ions characteristics which will play an important role in mastering the groundwater types, chemical origin and water quality in this area. The testing data of main ions in river water and groundwater in this area were analyzed with statistics, Piper diagram, Gibbs figure, and correlation analysis, proportional relationship of main ions and equilibrium analysis method analysis. The results showed that Ca2+ and Mg2+, and HCO3- dominant among cations and anions, respectively, and the hydrogeochemical types can be classified into HCO3-Ca type, HCO3 + SO4-Ca type and HCO3-Ca + Mg type. Main ions of all water are mainly affected by leaching effect in rock weathering process, which are dominantly dissolved from dolomite and calcite. PMID:26717682

  19. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Cities and Towns of the United States 201403 Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. A city or town is a place with a recorded population,...

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, City limit boundaries for incorporated towns in Dickinson County, Published in 2009, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Dickinson County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  1. The Promise and Perils of the Island City of George Town (Penang as a Creative City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suet Leng Khoo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The peripheral and semi-peripheral roles of islands are being challenged and contested as contemporary island cities assume positions as engines of growth and become centres of progress for driving economic development. Notably, island cities around the globe have become instrumental in shaping and influencing the dynamics of urban development as cities now compete with each other to strategically position themselves in today’s competitive global economy that leverages creativity and innovation. Particularly in a creative economy, the availability, quantity, and quality of unique cultures; creative talents; and creative/cultural industries within a city are differentiating and determining factors that can boost a city’s position and subsequently spur economic growth and progress. Against this backdrop, this paper explores the position of the island city of George Town (Penang en route to becoming a Creative City. This paper highlights the island’s urban dynamics as well as discusses the promise and perils of transforming George Town into a Creative City in its own right.

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Meriden.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2008. Data by this...

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 1991, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, City of Fort Wayne.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Uncorrected Imagery information as of 1991. Data...

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, cities, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  5. Countermeasures for Development and Present Situation of Chives in Xiaogang Town, Xiaogan City, Hubei Province

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Yue; Xie, Chunfu; Liu, Hongping; Liu, Huashu; Wang, Ji'an; Zheng, Ming; Yue, Ju; Liu, Changbing; Liu, Dan; Tang, Hanhua; Peng, Yuchao; Niu, Yonggang; Hu, Ke

    2013-01-01

    Through the overview of main problems existing in chives production, its current situation and history, the thesis puts forward countermeasures for developing chives industrialization in Xiaogang Town, Xiaogan City.

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, Political townships, USPLS townships, Published in 2008, Harrison County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of 2008. It is described as 'Political townships, USPLS townships'. Data by this publisher are often provided in State...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Shapefile compiled from tax maps, Published in unknown, DeKalb County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of unknown. It is described as 'Shapefile compiled from tax...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, Townships, Published in unknown, Cherokee County GIS.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of unknown. It is described as 'Townships'. Data by this publisher are often provided in State Plane coordinate system;...

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, Southwest Georgia RDC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of Not Provided. Data by this publisher are often provided...

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2020, Smaller than 1:100000 scale, Crisp County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at Smaller than 1:100000 scale as of 2020. Data by this publisher are often provided in Not Applicable coordinate...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, Windsor Ridge Garden Club.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of Not Provided. Data by this publisher are often provided...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, Corporate limits, Published in Not Provided, Benton County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of Not Provided. It is described as 'Corporate limits'. Data...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, Political townships, PLS townships, Published in unknown, Grinnell College.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of unknown. It is described as 'Political townships, PLS townships'. Data by this publisher are often provided in UTM...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, Hubie's School of Learning.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of Not Provided. Data by this publisher are often...

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, Political townships, geographic townships, Published in 2008, Ellsworth Community College.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of 2008. It is described as 'Political townships, geographic townships'. Data by this publisher are often provided in UTM...

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, Corporate limits, Published in 2008, Ellsworth Community College.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset as of 2008. It is described as 'Corporate limits'. Data by this publisher are often provided in UTM coordinate system; in a...

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, Wisconsin Dept. of Transportation.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of Not Provided. Data by this publisher are often provided in...

  18. Structural models of multi-component nicknames of american cities and towns

    OpenAIRE

    Zosimova O.V.

    2015-01-01

    The article deals with the structure of informal place names in the USA. The main structural models of multi-component nicknames of American cities and towns include: ‘Adjective + Noun’, ‘Noun + Noun’ and ‘(Attribute) Noun + of + Noun’. The most productive constituent elements of the multi-component nicknames are the words ‘city’ and ‘capital’. Their combinations with different types of modifiers characterize the US cities and towns ...

  19. Cities and Towns of the United States - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities in the United States, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. These cities were collected from the 1970 National Atlas of the United...

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, Boundaries for Incorporated towns in Dickinson County, Published in 2009, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Dickinson County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages, town lines 1, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, town points 1, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  3. Global Map: Cities and Towns of the United States - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes Global Map data showing cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The data are a modified version of...

  4. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Global Map: Cities and Towns of the United States 201403 Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes Global Map data showing cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The data are a modified version of...

  5. Qualitative Studies of Recent Floods and Sustainable Growth and Development of Cities and Towns in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kofo A. Aderogba

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Extreme weather events have caused havoc to lives and properties in recent years. Research and development have also been focused on these global phenomena. The situation is getting alarmed in Nigeria. The aim of the paper is to study incidences of floods in Nigerian cities and towns. Topographical Maps of 25 cities and towns were studied. Floods, drainage channels, run-offs and effects of human activities on floods were observed and studied. Interviews were conducted with 20 professionals, urban dwellers and twenty Local Government Chairmen of the cities and towns. There was a questionnaire that was administered among 2,000 urbanites. It collected data about the frequency, sizes and havocs caused by floods. Some of the cities particularly Lagos, Warri and Port-Harcourt are under the sea level with average gradient of less than 1:100,000. Run-offs are increasing in volume and areas of coverage but relatively drainage channels are inadequate; and they have been blocked through the adverse living habits of the urban dwellers. Waste waters are contributing as base water to rain water in the drainage channels. These result in grievous consequences of flood. All forms of transportation are affected each time it comes; lives, farm lands and properties are lost; and economic activities are grounded. Human factors are predominantly the cause. More attention has to be paid to urban physical planning.

  6. Paired Border Towns or TwinCities from Finland and China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Riitta Kosonen; Xu Feng; Erja Kettunen

    2008-01-01

    This paper discusses cross-border cooperation at the level of urban socio-economic systems.Worldwide,cross-border urban cooperation has in several cases produced socio-economic and political coherence supported by various joint programs and efforts.However,the degree of coherence varies and seldom creates socio-economically and politically tightly integrated "TwinCities" where the state border becomes highly transparent or obscure.Focusing on Finland and China,our aim is to identify whether the selected border towns represent coherent TwinCities or a more loose type of "paired border towns".The study uses an empirical examination of three Finnish towns (Helsinki,Tomio,Imatra) and their neighboring towns in Estonia,Sweden,and Russia as a benchmark.Then,a comparative study is made regarding three Chinese eross-border cities facing Russia,Vietnam and Kazakhstan.We highlight the differences in cross-border integration from the viewpoint of shared public sector programs,cross-border enterprise relocation and networking,and integrated social sector in terms of labor market,education and shopping area.

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Incorporated town boundaries for all towns in the counties we serve., Published in 2000, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Prairie Land Electric COOP, Inc..

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2000. It...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, This is a feature class of the City, Town, and Village boundaries of Rock County Wisconsin., Published in 2007, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Rock County Planning, Economic, and Community Development Agency.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It...

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, City, Town , Village Boundaries from Tax Parcel data & boundary surveys, Published in unknown, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Columbia County Wisconsin Land Information Department.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of unknown....

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2002, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Southwest Georgia RDC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2002....

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2010, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Green Lake County, WI.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010....

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2002, Smaller than 1:100000 scale, McIntosh Trail Regional Development Center.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at Smaller than 1:100000 scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2002. Data...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 1995, Smaller than 1:100000 scale, Garrett County Planning & Land Development.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at Smaller than 1:100000 scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1995....

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Eau Claire County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2008. Data by this...

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Eau Claire County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008....

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2006, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Washoe County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006....

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, ctylmt, Published in 2002, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Grand County Road Department.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2002. It is described as...

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Dodge County, Wisconsin.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008....

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, municipal boundaries, Published in unknown, 1:9600 (1in=800ft) scale, Marathon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:9600 (1in=800ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of unknown....

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, Municipal Boundary, Published in 2009, 1:9600 (1in=800ft) scale, Marathon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:9600 (1in=800ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2009, 1:9600 (1in=800ft) scale, Marathon County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:9600 (1in=800ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009....

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2010, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Heart of Georgia Altamaha RC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010....

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, 1884 Land & Cattle Company.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of 2008. Data by...

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, Municipal, Published in 2007, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Juab County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2007. It is described as...

  5. Cities, Towns and Villages, Nephi, Published in 2007, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Juab County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2007. It is described as...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, Annexation, Published in 2007, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Juab County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2007. It is described as...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Nephi annex, Published in 2007, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Juab County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2007. It is described as...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Rock County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008....

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2013, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Dane County Land Information Office.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2013....

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2008, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Columbus County Tax Office.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2008. Data by this...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, annexation, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, annexation policy, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in Not Provided, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, INDOT.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of Not Provided. Data...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Hamilton, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  15. Cities, Towns and Villages, Talbotton, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, Georgetown, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, Cuthbert, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, Cusseta, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, Shellman, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, Woodland, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages, Columbus, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, Richland, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, Bluffton, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, Shiloh, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  5. The Promise and Perils of the Island City of George Town (Penang) as a Creative City

    OpenAIRE

    Suet Leng Khoo; Narimah Samat; Nurwati Badarulzaman; Sharifah Rohayah Sheikh Dawood

    2015-01-01

    The peripheral and semi-peripheral roles of islands are being challenged and contested as contemporary island cities assume positions as engines of growth and become centres of progress for driving economic development. Notably, island cities around the globe have become instrumental in shaping and influencing the dynamics of urban development as cities now compete with each other to strategically position themselves in today’s competitive global economy that leverages creativity and innovati...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, City and Village boundaries., Published in 2007, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Trempealeau County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. It...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Junction City, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, City Limts for All Municapalities, Published in 1990, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Pitt County GIS.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1990. It...

  9. The Analysis of Social Ecology and Physical Development Process of Cities (Towns Case Study: Alvand City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heshmati Ahmad

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims the analysis of immigration influence on Alvand city resident's economical and living situation and its subsequent effects on Alvand city's social structure and its ecology and even its adjacency to industrial Alborz city. This analysis focuses on Alvand city's physical development using the software techniques such as GIS and using population data resulted from immigration which effects its physical development. We have increasingly witnessed the job-looking based immigrations since 1966 to 2006 which appeared differently in social, physical and spatial structure. This alternation and newly different situation has been seen apparently. The president's economic situation and immigration issue which considered as the most essential factor resulting in the ecology movements concerning Alvand city's circumstances. Such a factor could be seen in cultural varieties in Alvand city. This study also analyzes the ecological factors such as the immigration, economical situation, ecological movements and its influence on physical development using the descriptive and correlational methods to prove whether there is a logical relation among varieties providing that this statement is confirmed, this relation will be able to describe and explain the correlations in the different forms. The results show that immigration has influenced the spatial distribution of social groups and physical development of Alvand city.

  10. Siting of nuclear power plants and administration in cities, towns and villages

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the siting problems, there are many explanations and documents from the side to construct nuclear power plants, but few which makes assertion from the side of accepting the plants. However, present difficulties in the siting problems of nuclear power plants cannot be solved if the assertion of the accepting side is neglected. The details from the start of the siting to now in Tsuruga city are described. It is tried to explain the situation with the documents expressing opinions, demands and petitions, and replies exchanged between Tsuruga city and the government, Fukui Prefecture, and the related power companies, and the related laws. The details include the failures and accidents of nuclear plants reported to date. The reasons why the mayors or headmen of towns or villages want to invite the nuclear power plants are that the development of their region can be expected, and favorable influence results in to the regional economy, and further they can cooperate with the national policy. However, opposition movements are the most embarrassing affairs for them, and it is due to the condition that they cannot give the satisfactory answer to the opposing people so far. They cannot but depend solely on the responsibility of the government to safety. On the organizations of cities, towns and villages accepting nuclear power plants and the influence on local community, detailed reports are presented using various documents on preparation, antidisaster plan, radiation monitoring organization, movement of population, the effects regarding tax system and finance, influence on the life of inhabitants and others. (Wakatsuki, Y.)

  11. The fragmented and diffuse city Today: From the emotional city to the town of satisfaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Román-Alcalá

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article is not an attempt to return to old positions; it does not seek the lost paradise of feelings and sentiments that comprehend human relationships, but it does hope to scratch below the surface of consumption that shrouds the city today. Since the time of the ancient Greeks, one of the fundamental aims of philosophers has been to attain happiness. Today, however, that purpose is threatened. Happy people do not consume, but suffering, what is known in the advertising jargon as "post-shopping depression" has become the raw material for consumption.

  12. The fragmented and diffuse city Today: From the emotional city to the town of satisfaction

    OpenAIRE

    Ramón Román-Alcalá

    2014-01-01

    The article is not an attempt to return to old positions; it does not seek the lost paradise of feelings and sentiments that comprehend human relationships, but it does hope to scratch below the surface of consumption that shrouds the city today. Since the time of the ancient Greeks, one of the fundamental aims of philosophers has been to attain happiness. Today, however, that purpose is threatened. Happy people do not consume, but suffering, what is known in the advertising jargon as "post-s...

  13. Cities, Towns, Villages with 1990 Census Population (GNIS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data set contains points for 1600 populated places, cities and towns, in New Mexico. The points were generated from latitude and longitude coordinates...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Unincorporated township boundaries for all towns in the counties we serve., Published in 2003, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Prairie Land Electric COOP, Inc..

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Field Observation information as of 2003. It is...

  15. The Stench of Disease: Public Health and the Environment in Late-Medieval English towns and cities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. J. Ciecieznski

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 This article explores the urban environmental concerns of late-medieval English towns and cities and argues that these urban areas had a form of public health. During this period, regulations that focused on maintaining the good health of town and city inhabitants were created and enforced. Among other things, these regulations focused on reducing unsanitary trade practices, protecting water sources, eliminating foul smells from the air, and preventing the consumption of bad food and water. They also represented a practical application of medieval theories and perceptions of disease—namely that disease was linked to bad smells. Rather than lacking any form of public health due to medieval theories of disease, they actively pursued it due to the ancient and medieval link between environmental health and physical health.

  16. Cities, Towns and Villages, Defined by colored boundary line, Published in 2009, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, WABASH COUNTY GOVERNMENT.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  17. Cities, Towns and Villages, Census Place boundaries, Published in 2006, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Georgia Department of Community Affairs.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2006. It...

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, Census Place boundaries, Published in 2000, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Georgia Department of Community Affairs.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2000. It...

  19. Cities, Towns and Villages, Census Place boundaries, Published in 2009, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Georgia Department of Community Affairs.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2009. It...

  20. Cities, Towns and Villages, Census Place boundaries, Published in 2002, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Georgia Department of Community Affairs.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2002. It...

  1. Cities, Towns and Villages, Census Place boundaries, Published in 2003, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Georgia Department of Community Affairs.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2003. It...

  2. Cities, Towns and Villages, Census Place boundaries, Published in 2004, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, Georgia Department of Community Affairs.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2004. It...

  3. Cities, Towns and Villages, This layer is compiled by using our USPLS GPS survey & updated when annexations occur, Published in 2013, Not Applicable scale, Chippewa County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at Not Applicable scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2013. It is...

  4. Cities, Towns and Villages, Minor Civil Division polygons, Published in 2013, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Vernon County Wisconsin.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2013. It is described as...

  5. Cities, Towns and Villages, Richland Co MCD Boundaries, Published in 2005, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, MSA Professional Services.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2005. It...

  6. Cities, Towns and Villages, Contains all political townships for the State of Michigan, Published in 2009, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Office of Shared Solutions.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  7. Cities, Towns and Villages, Published in 2006, 1:63360 (1in=1mile) scale, S-RCAA, Inc. Head Start/Early Head Start.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:63360 (1in=1mile) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2006. Data by this...

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, Pine Mountain, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  9. Cities, Towns and Villages, Waverly Hall, Published in 2007, 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, River Valley Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:100000 (1in=8333ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2007. It...

  10. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Cities and Towns of the United States 200402 Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes cities in the United States, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. These cities were collected from the 1970 National Atlas of the United...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, Recorded Subdivision boundaries, blocks and lots within the County and Cities of Phillips County, Published in 2008, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Phillips County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, City boundary layers for Byron and Fort Valley Georgia as part of the GIS basemap at the Peach County Tax Assessor's office., Published in 2006, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Peach County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2006. It is described as...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, The origin feature class contains the geometry and attribution neccessary to deliniate all political jurisdictions within Yuma County., Published in 2008, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, City of Yuma.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2008. It...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, City limit boundaries for all municipalities in Ben Hill, Brooks, Cook, Echols, Lanier, Irwin, Lowndes, Tift and Turner Counties., Published in 2010, 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, Southern Georgia Regional Commission.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:7200 (1in=600ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. It...

  15. Cape Town: Negotiating the Public in the Neoliberal City

    OpenAIRE

    Tomer, Sharone

    2009-01-01

    Since the end of apartheid, South Africa’s economic policies and governance models have become increasingly neoliberal. The concern of this paper is how those policies and governmental modalities play out and shape the city of Cape Town. The paper utilizes the analytic of ‘public’ to examine how a formerly apartheid city has been remade – and contested – as a neoliberal city. The analytic of public is employed as a ‘terrain’, across which neoliberal policies, privatizing practices, calls for ...

  16. Study on agricultural structure and non-point source pollution: a case in Dapu Town of Yixing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiang Dongmei; Wang Xiyuan; Liu Minghui; Lu Genfa

    2006-01-01

    The water body of Taihu Lake has been eutrophicated because of area-source pollution. 83% of the total nitrogen and 84% of the total phosphorus of the pollutant that have washed into Taihu Lake originated from the fertilizer of crop land, rural animal husbandry and living sewage and rubbish in rural area. The goal of adjusting agricultural structure is to improve agricultural development, and to increase the peasants income by planting non-grain crop,centralizing animal husbandry, and intensifying aquaculture, etc, It is necessary to research on the influences of agriculture industrial structure on area-source pollution, This paper studies a case of Dapu Town in Yixing City, which is a typical drainage place beside Taihu Lake. On the basis of the analysis on the status quo of area-source pollution and agriculture industrial structure in Dapu Town, the conflicts between them are discussed. Non-grain crop production with a great deal of fertilizer and developing aquaculture with a great deal of organic pollutant, which are directly discharged,make area-source pollution more serious and accelerate the eutrophication in Taihu Lake. This paper suggests taking corresponding technological measures and policies, which have been tested in Dapu Town and demonstrated in Taihu Lake area.

  17. Spatial difference features and organization optimization of cities and towns in Tarim River Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    This paper analyzes the urban spatial structure of Tarim River Basin from the perspectives of urbanization, urban density, grading scales and spatial evolution patterns, using geographical theories and methods, such as fractal theory, principle component analysis, urbanization imbalance index, urban scale imbalance indicator, and urban spatial interaction. The results show that the urban spatial structure displays balanced distribution in the overall pattern, while an imbalanced distribution in each region. The development of town pattern tends to be gathering to the central towns in the oasis of Tarim River Basin and a development axis has begun to form along the southern Xinjiang railway. Based on the division of urban hinterland, and the development characteristics of oasis economy, this paper puts forward an urban spatial organization model. This model uses "breakpoint model" and divides Tarim River Basin into five urban clusters: Korla urban cluster, Kuqa urban cluster, Aksu urban cluster, Kashgar urban cluster and Hotan urban cluster. As a conclusion, this article puts forward an overall framework of urban spatial organization in Tarim River Basin: "one axis, double core, and five groups".

  18. Cities, Towns and Villages, The City Limit was originally obtained from FEMA dataset in 2003 and continued to be updated based on DeKalb County tax map and City's deed and annexation., Published in 2010, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, City of Decatur.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2010. It is described as 'The...

  19. Physical Activity of Male and Female Adolescents Living in a Town and a City in the Context of Public Health Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mynarski, Wladyslaw; Nawrocka, Agnieszka; Rozpara, Michal; Garbaciak, Wieslaw

    2012-01-01

    Study aim: To assess the physical activity of male and female adolescents from Poland living in a town (Czechowice-Dziedzice) and in a city (Katowice). Material and methods: The research involved 431 high school students aged 16-18 years (249 from Czechowice-Dziedzice and 182 from Katowice). Physical activity was measured by the short form of the…

  20. Expansion Strategy of Agricultural Industrial Chain of Suburban Villages and Towns in the Process of Urbanization——A Case Study of Yongle Town in Nanming District of Guiyang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of introducing the connotation of agricultural industrial chain, taking Yongle Town in Nanming District of Guiyang City as an example, this paper analyzes the advantages and constraint factors of the suburban villages and towns in the process of expanding agricultural industrial chain in the context of urbanization. Corresponding strategies of expanding the agricultural industrial chain of Yongle Town in the process of urbanization as follows: vigorously develop the leading enterprises; strengthen the construction of farmers’ specialized cooperatives and agricultural associations; build and perfect agricultural industrial chain organizations; set up the public information platform; rely on the food industrial park to propel the deep processing of agricultural products; vigorously develop the logistics of agricultural products; promote the development of operation model of "brand+ standard+ scale"; vigorously develop ecology-oriented rural tourism; give full play to the functional role of the government.

  1. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Global Map: Cities and Towns of the United States 201403 FileGDB 10.1

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes Global Map data showing cities and towns in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The data are a modified version of...

  2. Bricolage: Re-Discovering History through Intermediality and Performance. A Report on the UCT/CityVarsity Production of "A Day, Across" at the Cape Town Fringe 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muftic, Sanjin

    2016-01-01

    "A Day, Across," performed by the CityVarsity School of Creative Arts at the Cape Town Fringe 2014, was a student production that investigated the link between the youth of South Africa and the centennial of the start of World War I. This paper presents a brief analysis of the rehearsal process as well as certain performance sequences in…

  3. Catalogue of good practice case studies in european towns and cities from 1995 to 2002; Catalogue des bonnes pratiques de villes europeennes de 1995 a 2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-08-01

    Many towns and cities have already implemented sustainable local energy policies. This has also been the ''raison d'etre of Energie-Cites'', the association of European towns and cities that has been promoting sustainable local energy policies over the last ten years. Energie-Cites has a portfolio of about 400 European good practice case studies in sustainable local energy policies. The 3 to 5 page case studies provide complete information on the action carried out. After general information about the city and a brief introduction to the subject and its general context, the action is presented in detail: local players involved, costs, positive and negative evaluation, prospects and one or more local contacts. (A.L.B.)

  4. Designing colonial cities : the making of modern town planning in the Dutch East Indies and Indonesia 1905-1950

    OpenAIRE

    Roosmalen, P.K.M. van

    2011-01-01

    Far-reaching socio-economic changes caused by burgeoning private enterprise, in combination with new insights and demands in terms of hygiene, infrastructure, architecture and town planning; emerging anti-sentiments among growing numbers of indigenous inhabitants; and the direct confrontation of administrators with local issues: together these provided a prolific setting for the making of modern town planning in the Dutch East Indies in the fi rst half of the twentieth century.

  5. Tables of standardized mortality ratio for cancer in cities, towns and villages in Japan (1973-1987)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report contains tables of standardized mortality ratio(SMR) for cancer in cities, towns and villages in Japan. A survey is made only on several kinds of cancer which has (or possibly has) a relation to radiation, such as all malignant neoplasms, leukemia, acute non-lymphocytic leukemia, malignant lymphoma, non-hodgkin lymphoma(NHL), multiple myeloma, and malignant neoplasms of the lung and the thyroid. It is conducted by sex and by time period not only on all age group but also on age group from 0 to 24 (except malignant neoplasms of the lung and the thyroid) because raise of leukemia onset rate of the younger generation in peripheral area of reprocessing facilities becomes a problem. The term of survey is from 1973 to 1987 and divided into the whole term and every five years on available statistical data of dynamic population. SMR is calculated on each term by sex and municipalities. The results are shown on the tables. This report consists of 7 volumes. The volume No.7 contains tables of SMR for malignant neoplasms of the lung and the thyroid. (J.P.N.)

  6. Tables of standardized mortality ratio for cancer in cities, towns and villages in Japan (1973-1987)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report contains tables of standardized mortality ratio(SMR) for cancer in cities, towns and villages in Japan. A survey is made only on several kinds of cancer which has (or possibly has) a relation to radiation, such as all malignant neoplasms, leukemia, acute non-lymphocytic leukemia, malignant lymphoma, non-hodgkin lymphoma(NHL), multiple myeloma, and malignant neoplasms of the lung and the thyroid. It is conducted by sex and by time period not only on all age group but also on age group from 0 to 24 (except malignant neoplasms of the lung and the thyroid) because raise of leukemia onset rate of the younger generation in peripheral area of reprocessing facilities becomes a problem. The term of survey is from 1973 to 1987 and divided into the whole term and every five years on available statistical data of dynamic population. SMR is calculated on each term by sex and municipalities. The results are shown on the tables. This report consists of 7 volumes. The volume No. 1 contains tables of SMR for all malignant neoplasms. (J.P.N.)

  7. Tables of standardized mortality ratio for cancer in cities, towns and villages in Japan (1973-1987)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report contains tables of standardized mortality ratio(SMR) for cancer in cities, towns and villages in Japan. A survey is made only on several kinds of cancer which has (or possibly has) a relation to radiation, such as all malignant neoplasms, leukemia, acute non-lymphocytic leukemia, malignant lymphoma, non-hodgkin lymphoma(NHL), multiple myeloma, and malignant neoplasms of the lung and the thyroid. It is conducted by sex and by time period not only on all age group but also on age group from 0 to 24 (except malignant neoplasms of the lung and the thyroid) because raise of leukemia onset rate of the younger generation in peripheral area of reprocessing facilities becomes a problem. The term of survey is from 1973 to 1987 and divided into the whole term and every five years on available statistical data of dynamic population. SMR is calculated on each term by sex and municipalities. The results are shown on the tables. This report consists of 7 volumes. The volume No.6 contains tables of SMR for multiple myeloma. (J.P.N.)

  8. Cities, Towns and Villages, This data represents all incorporated municipalities within the greater Yuma County region and is maintained as a joint effort between the City of Yuma, Yuma County and other municipalites within yuma County., Published in 2010, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Yuma.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2010. It is described as...

  9. Leadership Strategies in Promoting the Image of the Mayors on the Websites of Sector Town Halls and of Bucharest City Hall

    OpenAIRE

    Viorica PĂUȘ

    2016-01-01

    The research deals with the leadership strategies used by the mayors of the six sectors and the General Mayor of Bucharest in order to represent and promote the organizational image and their own image. The success, performance and competitiveness of sector town halls and Bucharest City Hall also depend on the quality of leadership and the leaders’ ability to use appropriate, attractive and customized online communication strategies in order to inform the citizens and achieve their electoral ...

  10. Communist-built Industrial Towns, the History of Newly Built Towns and Cities. Distinctive Historical Development Paths of Hungarian ‘Socialist’ and Western European Industrial Towns in the Second Half of the Twentieth Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LAKI, Ildikó

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In my study, I intend to give a brief overview of the development of Hungarian communist built and Western-European industrial towns. What makes this topic worthwhile for exploration is that towns currently experience a number of core changes in their fabric. Naturally, these stem from their history, which in turn aff ects the current urban development schemes, the landscape of towns, and modifications in spatial arrangements. Another important aspect is that substantial variations are observable between the Western European and the Hungarian urban development models. On the one hand, past development policies refl ected the economic and political realities of each country, which was further coupled with the east-west divide, thus impacting development priorities. As a consequence, there are still clear divergences among the countries surveyed despite the current trend toward more uniformity in urban development goals. The article provides a detailed analysis of the various models, emphasizing peculiarities and specific features. It aims to establish viable forms for spontaneous and micro-managed paths of urban development.

  11. Microbial quality of selected sandwiches sold at retail outlets of fast food shops in Dhaka city and Mymensingh town of Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    Nazmul Hoque; S.M. Lutful Kabir; M. Mufizur Rahman; M. Shahidur Rahman Khan

    2012-01-01

    the experiment was designed to undertake a study on the sanitary quality of commercial fast foods sold at retail outlets of fast food shops in Dhaka city and Mymensingh town of Bangladesh. One hundred sandwiches were subjected to bacteriological examinations. The mean values of total viable count (TVC), total coliform count (TCC) and total staphylococcal count (TSC) in wrapped and unwrapped samples of pre-microwave oven and post-microwave oven fast foods were determined. In pre-microwave oven...

  12. Cities, Towns and Villages, Columbia, Maryland Neighborhoods and Villages boundaries - Columbia tax id records joined the state assessment data. Parcels are merged by neighborhood., Published in 2009, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Howard County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2009. It...

  13. Cities, Towns and Villages, This dataset is a boundary file that contains all the Incorporated Areas within the MCCOG MPA., Published in 2000, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Madison County Council of Governments.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2000. It is described as...

  14. Cities, Towns and Villages, Based on County Assessor Tax Rate Areas, Published in 2006, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, SDSU Research Foundation Center for Homeland Security.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006. It...

  15. Partnering for Economic Development: How Town-Gown Relations Impact Local Economic Development in Small and Medium Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massey, Jennifer; Field, Sean; Chan, Yolande

    2014-01-01

    Universities play an increasingly prominent role in shaping regional, social, and economic development. In Canada, however, spatial, economic, and social differences between universities and their host communities continue to challenge positive town--gown relationships and undermine the benefits associated with high concentrations of prospective…

  16. Designing colonial cities : the making of modern town planning in the Dutch East Indies and Indonesia 1905-1950

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roosmalen, P.K.M. van

    2011-01-01

    Far-reaching socio-economic changes caused by burgeoning private enterprise, in combination with new insights and demands in terms of hygiene, infrastructure, architecture and town planning; emerging anti-sentiments among growing numbers of indigenous inhabitants; and the direct confrontation of adm

  17. The Purpose of Planning: Creating Sustainable Towns and Cities By Yvonne Rydin

    OpenAIRE

    Mattiuzzi, Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    Over the past sixty years, the U.K.’s highly centralized system of planning has experienced wartime rebuilding by a Keynesian state and all-powerful modernist architects favoring Corbusian towers and motorways, followed by neoliberal restructuring and the increasing role of finance capital in shaping the urban landscape. (Behold the vast Docklands redevelopment area and the corporate island of Canary Wharf, as well as more recent steel and glass monoliths named for their shapes—“gherkin,” “sh...

  18. The production of the city as a white space: representing & restructuring identity and architecture, Cape Town, 1892-1936

    OpenAIRE

    Coetzer, N. R.

    2004-01-01

    English values, architects and architectural ideas played a major role in shaping identities, architecture and power relations in Cape Town between 1892-1936. Driven by an uncompromising belief in the universal desirability of Englishness and Western architecture and culture, they manifested a tension between a romanticised, historical, rural ideal, and an urban dystopia, the compromised resolution of which lay in suburban housing schemes. The discourse, images, public events a...

  19. Gonad, bone marrow and effective dose to the population of more than 90 towns and cities of Iran, arising from environmental gamma radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 1996 the assessment of environmental gamma radiation dose in residential areas of Iranian towns and cities has been accomplished for 10 counties. As a practical method and based on the results of a pilot study, in order to attribute the final results to the whole residential area of a town five stations were selected for every town. The location of individual station was studied closely to comply with recommended conditions in the literature. Materials and Methods: RDS-110 was employed to measure gamma dose rate for one hour. Average annual dose rates plus conversion coefficients were employed to estimate gonad, bone marrow, equivalent and effective dose. Result: Minimum and maximum annual bone marrow and gonad dose equivalent attributed to environmental gamma are 0.24 mSvy-1 (for both tissues) and 1.44 and 1.46 mSvy-l, respectively. Conclusion: Average gonad and bone marrow doses for North Khorasan, Boshehr and Hormozgan provinces were less than the corresponding values for normal area.

  20. Study tours. Come and get a whole set of ideas in 14 european towns and cities; Study tours. Venez faire le plein d'idees neuves dans 14 villes d'Europes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    The European towns and cities which have been selected by Energie-Cites are all members of Energie-Cites and have for many years been involved in innovative projects in the field of energy (energy efficiency, renewable and distributed energy). To acquire a better understanding of how these projects came into being and, why not, use them as a source of inspiration for a municipality? During two days, Energie-Cites proposes to take deciders to the city of their choice. Tours include site visits as well as meetings with local political and technical stakeholders. These study tours are specifically intended for elected representatives and municipal officers in charge of energy matters, Local Agenda 21, town planning and environmental issues (30 persons as a max. per visit). A 14 typical visit is provided for each town or city, in this document. (A.L.B.)

  1. From cities and towns to urban networks in Germany – intra regional competition versus regional co-operation and inter regional competitiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernhard Mueller

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available For many decades of the 20th century particular cities and towns were understood as integral parts of national and international urban systems. For many years the theory on central places and hierarchy of central places, first developed by Christaller and amended by Loesch, had a decisive influence on spatial research and regional development policies with guiding principles for urbanisation and the development of settlement patterns. However it is becoming ever more evident, that the planned effects of concepts for harmonising intra- and inter-regional differences were not reached. Moreover, inter-regional competition between neighbouring municipalities, as well as modern life styles and residential choices have caused the emergence of new settlement structures with dispersed spatial patterns and string functional ties. It is also true, that urban networking isn’t an easy task and that it inherently carries numerous obstacles.

  2. Assessment of the status of municipal solid waste management in metro cities, state capitals, class I cities, and class II towns in India: an insight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Sunil; Bhattacharyya, J K; Vaidya, A N; Chakrabarti, Tapan; Devotta, Sukumar; Akolkar, A B

    2009-02-01

    Solid waste management is one of the most challenging issues in urban cities, which are facing a serious pollution problem due to the generation of huge quantities of solid waste. This paper presents an assessment of the existing situation of municipal solid waste management (MSWM) in major cities in India. The quantity and composition of MSW vary from place to place, and bear a rather consistent correlation with the average standard of living. Extensive field investigations were carried out for quantification, analysis of physical composition, and characterization of MSW in each of the identified cities. The MSW management status (per the MSW Rules, 2000) has also been assessed, and an action plan for better management has been formulated; both are presented in this paper. Studies carried out in 59 selected cities in India have revealed that there are many shortcomings in the existing practices used in managing the MSW. These shortcomings pertain mainly to inadequate manpower, financial resources, implements, and machinery required for effectively carrying out various activities for MSWM. To overcome the deficiencies in the existing MSWM systems, an indicative action plan has been presented incorporating strategies and guidelines. Based on this plan, municipal agencies can prepare specific action plans for their respective cities. PMID:18595684

  3. Occurrence of Urinary Tract Infection in Adolescent and Adult Women of Shanty Town in Dhaka City, Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    Rahman, Sabita Rezwana; Ahmed, M Firoz; Begum, Aleya

    2014-01-01

    Background Urinary tract infection (UTI) is commonly experienced by women of various age groups especially elderly ones. We planned to find out the prevalent microbial strains causing UTI in slum inhabitant adolescent and adult women in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Methods and materials Urine sample was collected from 462 UTI suspected female subjects. Pathogenic bacteria were identified using standard microbiological tests, and antimicrobial sensitivity profiles of the pathogens were determined. ...

  4. Gonad, bone marrow and effective dose to the population of more than 90 towns and cities of Iran, arising from environmental gamma radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Natural radiation environment and it's biological impacts on human life has not received appreciable attention in Iran. Before 1996 only a few sporadic studies had been carried out, but no systematic study of normal back ground had been conducted. Since 1996 assessment of environmental gamma radiation dose in residential areas of Iranian towns and cities was defined as a long term goal in our center. Till now measurements of annual dose rates have been accomplished for 10 counties. As a practical method and based on the results of a pilot study, in order to attribute the final results to the whole residential area of a town five stations were selected for every town. The location of individual station was studied closely to comply with recommended conditions in the literature. RDS-110 was employed to measure gamma dose rate for one hour. Practically huge numbers of dose rate figures were recorded, they were substantially summarized to estimate average dose rate. Average annual dose rates plus conversion coefficients were employed to estimate gonad, bone marrow, equivalent and effective dose. In the vast studied area average out-door gamma dose rate is varying from 35 nSvh-1 to 205 nSvh-1. Minimum and maximum annual bone marrow and gonad dose equivalent attributed to environmental gamma are 0.24 mSvy-1 (for both tissues) and 1.44 and 1.46 mSvy-1 respectively. Effective dose of inhabitants arising from out-door gamma is varying by 6 folds from 0.21 to 1.26 mSvy-1. The largest and smallest population weighted dose are equal to 0.35 and 1.00 mSvy-1. Average gonad and bone marrow doses for north Khorasan, Boshehr and Hormozgan are less than the corresponding values for normal area. On the other hand inhabitants of the studied area receive a dose higher than the world average, except those who live in Hormozgan and Boshehr. (author)

  5. Listening to a town: The urban soundscape as an image of the city

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semidor, Catherine

    2001-05-01

    City dwellers often have a visual representation of their town. They are able to identify some areas from pictures. But, urban sounds are also a characteristic part of the city's identity. A previous paper [C. Semidor, Proceedings 20th PLEA, Santiago, Chile (2003)] shows the possibility to distinguish the soundscape of a ``car-free'' Sunday from the soundscape of a Sunday with cars. The proposed method based on the so-called soundwalk could be very illustrative for this suggestion. These soundwalks are sound recordings made with a ``dummy'' head and a DAT recorder, on walks following a trajectory with different urban forms and, in this case study, in different towns where a tramway is running. The acoustical images (time versus frequency graphs) of the sound signals could be a representation of these soundscapes. This type of information could help urban planners and other town designers to improve the acoustic comfort of the cities. The objective of this approach is to valorize what is pleasant and agreeable in the urban sound environment.

  6. Unconscious life of old town: a psychoanalytic study of Edinburgh’s historic city

    OpenAIRE

    Hyllen, Klas Harry Jack

    2012-01-01

    This thesis primarily considers the notion of “museumisation” in the context of the Old Town; Edinburgh’s historic city. It argues that the city has suffered a series of collective traumas which has left it in a state of urban stagnation where the romanticism of history has become Old Town’s raison d’être. This claim has been explored on two fronts; first, a body of text outlining a literary argument rooted in theory, and second, emerging from the first, a body of creative work...

  7. Sundown Town to "Little Mexico": Old-Timers and Newcomers in an American Small Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    McConnell, Eileen Diaz; Miraftab, Faranak

    2009-01-01

    For more than a century, communities across the United States legally employed strategies to create and maintain racial divides. One particularly widespread and effective practice was that of "sundown towns," which signaled to African Americans and others that they were not welcome within the city limits after dark. Though nearly 1,000 small…

  8. Economic analysis and prospective simulation in the low carbon town planing. Application of TRANUS+ model to Grenoble city

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Strategic spatial planning in France is currently given a rising importance for environmental and climate issues. Is this tool really able to reduce urban sprawl and produce an efficient framework for reducing transport emissions? What are the potential contributions of economic analysis and prospective modelling to planning? To answer these questions, we developed a study on the contributions of economic tools to planning into the broader context of political and administrative reforms in France. We then produced a critical analysis of current planning practices and attempted to define the conditions for a better integration of economic analysis into planning processes and methods. For our case study on the Grenoble urban area, we built and applied a series of economic tools able to inform decision-making on local climate policies in the framework of urban planning. In addition to being the first implementation of the integrated transport - land-use model TRANUS in France, this study further links the TRANUS model to an original economic methodology to obtain a tool we call TRANUS+. This tool is able to take into account the systemic nature of cities and then help to define better transport policies, notably by producing marginal abatement cost curves useful at the urban level. To have a more complete view of urban planning and the way in which it can be improved, we investigated several issues from a planning perspective: the choice of modelling tool and the role of cost-benefit analysis, energy poverty in the transport sector and electric vehicle deployment. (author)

  9. Microbial quality of selected sandwiches sold at retail outlets of fast food shops in Dhaka city and Mymensingh town of Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazmul Hoque

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available the experiment was designed to undertake a study on the sanitary quality of commercial fast foods sold at retail outlets of fast food shops in Dhaka city and Mymensingh town of Bangladesh. One hundred sandwiches were subjected to bacteriological examinations. The mean values of total viable count (TVC, total coliform count (TCC and total staphylococcal count (TSC in wrapped and unwrapped samples of pre-microwave oven and post-microwave oven fast foods were determined. In pre-microwave oven the TVC, TCC and TSC were log 6.36, log 3.42 and log 4.21 respectively. similarly in post-microwave oven the TVC, TCC and TSC were log 4.89, log 2.60 and log 3.03 respectively. The role of packaging and heat treatment prior to sale on the bacterial changes of the fast foods were demonstrated. It was observed that the values of TVC of all fast food samples except post-microwave oven treated McDonald’s; Pizza and Ruma were higher than the maximum microbial limit. In TCC and TSC all values were higher than the maximum limit. The degree of initial contamination in fast food samples which may pose health hazard to public health has been discussed. It was concluded that the hygienically packaged fast foods and microoven treatment prior to sale would retain the best quality attributes required for consumer’s acceptability and safety.  

  10. Cities, Towns and Villages, The MGRC participates in the Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS) on behalf of its local governments and in partnership with the GA Dept of Community Affairs., Published in 2000, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Middle Georgia RC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of 2000. It...

  11. Cities, Towns and Villages, File name = BORDERLINES. County boundary also contains bounds for Aberdeen Proving Ground and the municipalities of Havre de Grace, Bel Air, & Aberdeen. http://www.harfordcountymd.gov/gis/Index.cfm, Published in 2010, 1:9600 (1in=800ft) scale, Harford County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Cities, Towns and Villages dataset, published at 1:9600 (1in=800ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2010. It...

  12. Urban Vitality in Dutch and Chinese New Towns. A comparative study between Almere and Tongzhou

    OpenAIRE

    Jing Zhou

    2012-01-01

    Building new towns seems to be a rational regionalization approach that releases pressure from overly burdened large cities. This strategy was developed in Western Europe in the middle of twentieth century. Since the 1990s, the European new town model has been widely implemented in China. However, the author questions the feasibility of the large-scale, hasty new town developments. The study of worldwide new town experiences, especially European and Chinese cases, demonstrates that many new t...

  13. A city for pedestrians. Toward a generic model of the European town

    OpenAIRE

    Fleury, D.

    2002-01-01

    There is no reason to be optimistic about the place given to the pedestrian in towns. It is as if the pressure of motorised transportation and the huge increase in the resulting urban area has left the pedestrian city to try to defend itself where housing density and urban quality make such a safety reaction possible. Apparent urban development thus seems to be the result of an island strategy in which certain zones are better able than others to defend themselves against the invasion of the ...

  14. [Carbon emissions and low-carbon regulation countermeasures of land use change in the city and town concentrated area of central Liaoning Province, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xi, Feng-ming; Liang, Wen-juan; Niu, Ming-fen; Wang, Jiao-yue

    2016-02-01

    Carbon emissions due to land use change have an important impact on global climate change. Adjustment of regional land use patterns has a great scientific significance to adaptation to a changing climate. Based on carbon emission/absorption parameters suitable for Liaoning Province, this paper estimated the carbon emission of land use change in the city and town concentrated area of central Liaoning Province. The results showed that the carbon emission and absorption were separately 308.51 Tg C and 11.64 Tg C from 1997 to 2010. It meant 3.8% of carbon emission. was offset by carbon absorption. Among the 296.87 Tg C net carbon emission of land use change, carbon emission of remaining land use type was 182.24 Tg C, accounting for 61.4% of the net carbon emission, while the carbon emission of land use transformation was 114.63 Tg C, occupying the rest 38.6% of net carbon emission. Through quantifying the mapping relationship between land use change and carbon emission, it was shown that during 1997-2004 the contributions of remaining construction land (40.9%) and cropland transform ation to construction land (40.6%) to carbon emission were larger, but the greater contributions to carbon absorption came from cropland transformation to forest land (38.6%) and remaining forest land (37.5%). During 2004-2010, the land use types for carbon emission and absorption were the same to the period of 1997-2004, but the contribution of remaining construction land to carbon emission increased to 80.6%, and the contribution of remaining forest land to carbon absorption increased to 71.7%. Based on the carbon emission intensity in different land use types, we put forward the low-carbon regulation countermeasures of land use in two aspects. In carbon emission reduction, we should strict control land transformation to construction land, increase the energy efficiency of construction land, and avoid excessive development of forest land and water. In carbon sink increase, we should

  15. Terrace Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabin, Heather

    2010-01-01

    The "Terrace Town" program brings architecture and city planning curriculum to elementary schools in Madison, Wisconsin, and surrounding areas. Over eight weeks, classrooms discuss what makes a community livable, sustainable, and kid-friendly. Throughout the process, students gain a better understanding of their own city environments and propose…

  16. TIGER/Line Shapefile, 2016, nation, U.S., Current Combined New England City and Town Area (CNECTA) National

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The TIGER/Line shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...

  17. TIGER/Line Shapefile, 2015, nation, U.S., Current Combined New England City and Town Area (CNECTA) National Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The TIGER/Line shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...

  18. TIGER/Line Shapefile, 2015, nation, U.S., Current New England City and Town Area (NECTA) National Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The TIGER/Line shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) are an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...

  19. ZHOUZHUANG, A "TOWN IN LAKES"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Zhouzhuang Town islocated in thesouthwestern part ofKunshan City,neighboring WujiangCity, Suzhou City andQingpu District ofShanghai City, andsurrounded by ChengLake, Changbai Lake,Dianshan Lake, BaiyiLake and South Lake, asknown as a "town in lakes".

  20. Town planning and public housing

    OpenAIRE

    Castro, Miguel Angel Arteaga

    1998-01-01

    During the last seven years, Spain has experience importans legislativies changes in land and housing materia. The land law of 1990, conceive the urbanistic proficience as colectivity result and the cession of part of this proficience to the land owner. This law changes the point of view about the land ownership. The use of this legislation with the objetive to maximice the colectivity utility to a minimun ejecutation cost and the transfer of the proficience from some town zones to others, bu...

  1. The Spatial Structures and Town Planning of Industrial Cities in Modern Britain(1848-1939)%近代英国工业城市的空间结构与城市规划(1848-1939)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁远; 刘金源

    2015-01-01

    以曼彻斯特、伯明翰和利兹为代表的新型工业城市在空间结构方面体现出鲜明特征:随着新型工业建筑的出现,土地功能实现区分;各类建筑交叉林立,城市布局混乱;新的社会阶层居所分离形成。这种空间结构特征,使得工业城市中的“城市病”问题尤为突出。在英国19世纪中叶兴起的近代城市规划运动中,工业城市积极开展规划实践,空间结构得到合理重组,“城市病”得以缓解,城市面貌显著改观。%As the new type of cities,industrial cities,represented by Manchester,Birmingham and Leeds,embodied unique spatial structures:the land’ s functional classification was formed with the appearance of new industrial buildings,the architec-tural layout took on a chaotic look because of the mixture of various kinds of buildings and the new residential segregation of different classes emerged as well. These structural features resulted in especially serious“urban diseases” in industrial cities. During the modern town planning movement since the mid-19th century,industrial cities actively carried out planning prac-tices. As the achievement of town planning,the spatial structures of industrial cities have been reasonably re-organized,“ur-ban diseases” have been relieved and cities’ appearance has been remarkably improved as well.

  2. Emerging Societal Involvement in City Management : the case of Cape Town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neil Dewar

    1999-02-01

    Full Text Available Since the advent of full participatory democracy in South Africa in April 1994, a fundamental revision of the norms, values and practices of urban management has occurred. A central feature of this is expressed commitment to greater transparency and public participation in decision-making and project execution. Manegerial practice has moved from being essentially technocratic and control-oriented to more pluralistic and development-oriented. The previously disenfranchised and largely impoverished sectors of the community have moved from exclusion and confrontation toward greater involvement and empowerment. This has not been without problems however. The current status of community participation in Cape Town is reviewed and explored against a theoretical model. The conclusion drawn is that, political impediments notwithstanding, a considerable energy and momentum has been generated at local level in civil society towards the goal of improvement in social and living environments in the city.

  3. Recent development of Slovene towns - social structure and transformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dejan Rebernik

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available In Slovene towns and urban areas several processes of social transformation and change have been present in the last decade. As a consequence of political and economic transition increased social differentiation resulted in increased social segregation in urban areas. Some areas such as high-rise housing estates and part of older inner city areas were affected by social degradation and concentration of low-income population and ethnical minorities. In some parts of inner cities processes of reurbanisation and gentrification are taking place. However, the degree of social segragation is lower than in the cities of most transitional countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

  4. Empirical Study on the Will of Farmland Transfer among Different Farmer Groups——A Sampling Survey on 42 Counties and Cities,64 Towns and 74 Villages in Jiangxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Taking Jiangxi Province as an example,on the basis of the sampling survey on 42 counties and cities,64 towns and 74 villages in Jiangxi Province,the will of farmland transfer among different farmer groups with different income levels,different ages,and different educational backgrounds,is analyzed.The research indicates that as for middle-income or high-income groups,leaving home to seek jobs elsewhere is the most principal factor impacting farmland transfer,while as for low-income group,the price of agricultural products is an important factor impacting farmers’ land cultivation;permanent urban residence certificate is no longer the principal factor causing farmers’ land transfer,and it tends to be rational for farmers to abandon farmland.

  5. Crenças e práticas de cuidado entre mães residentes em capitais e pequenas cidades Brasileiras Beliefs and care practices of mothers living in Brazilian capital cities and small towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Dal Forno Martins

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Na presente pesquisa foram comparadas crenças e práticas de cuidado de mães de cidades pequenas e capitais brasileiras. Participaram do estudo 307 mães de cidades pequenas e 299 de capitais, as quais responderam a uma escala que avalia cuidados primários e estimulação. Os resultados indicaram que mães das cidades pequenas afirmaram realizar significativamente mais práticas de cuidados primários do que mães das capitais e estas afirmaram realizar e valorizar significativamente mais práticas de estimulação. Uma maior idade da criança e maior nível educacional da mãe explicaram significativamente a estimulação. Conclui-se que existe certa similaridade nas práticas e crenças das mães, que são independentes do lugar onde elas residem, assim como diferentes ênfases nas práticas de cuidado, dependendo da influência de variáveis sociodemográficas em cada contexto.This study aimed to compare both beliefs and care practices of mothers living in capital cities and small towns. Three hundred seven mothers living in capital cities and 299 in small towns answered a scale that assesses primary care and stimulation. A sociodemographic questionnaire has also been used. The results indicated that mothers from small towns reported developing significantly more practices of primary care than the ones who live in the capitals. Mothers from the capitals value and practice more stimulation than primary care. The age of the child and the educational level of the mother explained significantly the stimulation results. Therefore, it seems there is some similarity in the practices and beliefs of mothers which are independent of the context where they live. There are also different emphases on health care practices, but these are influenced by sociodemographic variables depending on each context.

  6. [Pollution Characteristics of Surface Runoff of Typical Town in Chongqing City].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Long-tao; Duan, Bing-zheng; Zhao, Jian-wei; Hua, Yu-mei; Zhu, Duan-wei

    2015-08-01

    Six kinds of impermeable underlying surface, cement tile roof, asbestos roof, cement flat roof, residential concrete pavement, asphalt pavement of restaurants, asphalt pavement of oil depot, and a combined sewer overflow canal in the Jiansheng town of Dadukou district in Chongqing city were chosen as sample plots to study the characteristics of nutritional pollutants and heavy metals in town runoff. The research showed that the average mass concentrations of TSS, COD, TN, TP in road runoff were (1681.2 +/- 677.2), (1154.7 +/- 415.5), (12.07 +/- 2.72), (3.32 +/- 1.15) mgL(-1), respectively. These pollutants were higher than those in roof runoff which were (13.3 +/- 6.5), (100.4 +/- 24.8), (3.58 +/- 0.70), (0.10 +/- 0.02) mg x L(-1), respectively. TDN accounted for 62.60% +/- 34.38% of TN, and TDP accounted for 42.22% +/- 33.94% of TP in the runoff of impermeable underlying surface. Compared with the central urban runoff, town runoff in our study had higher mass concentrations of these pollutants. The mass concentrations of TSS, COD, TDN, TN, TDP and TP in the combined sewer overflow were (281.57 +/- 308.38), (231.21 +/- 42.95), (8.16 +/- 2.78), (10.60 +/- 3.94), (0.38 +/- 0.23) and (1.51 +/- 0.75) mg x L(-1), respectively. The average levels of heavy metals in this kind of runoff did not exceed the class VI level of the surface water environmental quality standard. Most pollutants in the combined sewer overflow had first flush. However, this phenomenon was very rare for TSS. There was a significant positive correlation between TSS and COD, TP in the combined sewer overflow. And this correlation was significant between NH4+ -N and TP, TDP, TN, TDP. However, a negative correlation existed between NO3- -N and all other indicators. PMID:26592007

  7. Can Cape Town's unique biodiversity be saved? Balancing conservation imperatives and development needs

    OpenAIRE

    Julia Wood; Rebelo, Anthony G; Clifford Dorse; Patricia M. Holmes

    2012-01-01

    Cape Town is an urban hotspot within the Cape Floristic Region global biodiversity hotspot. This city of 2,460 km² encompasses four local centers of fynbos plant endemism, 19 national terrestrial vegetation types (six endemic to the city), wetland and coastal ecosystems, and 190 endemic plant species. Biodiversity in the lowlands is under threat of extinction as a result of habitat loss to agriculture, urban development, mining, and degradation by invasive alien plants. Cape Town's popul...

  8. Quantitative Analysis of Urban Pluvial Flood Alleviation by Open Surface Water Systems in New Towns: Comparing Almere and Tianjin Eco-City

    OpenAIRE

    Zhengnan Zhou; Lei Qu; Tao Zou

    2015-01-01

    Increased surface runoff generated in urban areas due to larger proportion of impervious surfaces has, in many cases, exceeded the capacity of urban drainage systems. In response to such challenge, this paper introduces the quantitative analysis of pluvial flood alleviation by open surface water systems in the case of Almere in the Netherlands and compares it with Tianjin Eco-City in China, with the aim of optimizing land use planning and urban design for new urban districts. The methodology ...

  9. Quantitative Analysis of Urban Pluvial Flood Alleviation by Open Surface Water Systems in New Towns: Comparing Almere and Tianjin Eco-City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhengnan Zhou

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Increased surface runoff generated in urban areas due to larger proportion of impervious surfaces has, in many cases, exceeded the capacity of urban drainage systems. In response to such challenge, this paper introduces the quantitative analysis of pluvial flood alleviation by open surface water systems in the case of Almere in the Netherlands and compares it with Tianjin Eco-City in China, with the aim of optimizing land use planning and urban design for new urban districts. The methodology is a combination of quantitative and qualitative analysis. With the analytical tool of ArcGIS, the authors have investigated the influence of spatial distribution of surface water system on the reduction of pluvial flood risks. The conclusions include some preliminary principles: (1 a densely distributed surface water network is preferable; (2 areas farther away from water body require water sensitive spatial intervention; and (3 optimizing the allocation of different types of ground surface could contribute to pluvial flood alleviation. An alternative design proposal for a typical urban block in Tianjin Eco-City has been put forward to illustrate these principles.

  10. Description on the town housing termite's prevention and control in Lu'an city%六安市城镇房屋白蚁防治现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄光明

    2012-01-01

    本文介绍了当下六安市城镇房屋白蚁防治工作的具体方法,以化学防治措施为主,监测控制技术防治为辅,严格遵循预防为主,防治结合,综合治理白蚁防治的工作原则.%This paper introduces the methods for termite' s prevention and control of urban housing in Lu' an city. Chemical control is the main method, supplemented by monitor-controlling technology. Strictly following the integrated control principle of termite .which is focus on termite' s prevention, combining the termite' s prevention and control.

  11. MACCSAND (Pty Ltd v CITY OF CAPE TOWN 2012 (4 SA 181 (CC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nic Olivier

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The Constitutional Court in Maccsand (Pty Ltd v City of Cape Town (CCT 103/11 2012 ZACC 7 decided that the granting of mining rights or mining permits by the Minister of Mineral Resources in terms of the Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act 28 of 2002 does not obviate the obligation on an applicant to obtain authorisations in terms of other legislation that deals with functional domains other than minerals, mining and prospecting. This applies to all other legislation, irrespective of whether the responsible administrator of such other legislation is in the national, provincial or local sphere of government. The effect of the decision is that planning and other authorities which derive their statutory mandate and powers from other legislation retain all their powers as regards planning and rezoning, for instance. In addition, the Minister of Mineral Resources cannot make a decision on behalf of, or for, such functionaries. The judgement also clarified the question of whether or not a national Act can supersede provincial legislation dealing with a distinctly different functional domain. In principle, the decision also indicates that the fact that a range of authorisations are required in terms of separate statutory instruments (each with its own functional domain and administered by its own functionary does not necessarily amount to conflicts between these instruments. An owner of land may now insist that his land may not be used for mining purposes if it is not zoned for such purposes. It is submitted that, in order to provide certainty to land owners, developers and government functionaries, and to promote investor confidence (especially in the mining sector, an intergovernmental system for the consideration of applications by the functionaries responsible for the separate statutory instruments needs to be developed as a high priority.

  12. The prospects of cycling for intra-city travel in the new towns of Hong Kong

    OpenAIRE

    Chan, Lang-hang; 陳朗恆

    2014-01-01

    Cycling has a long history as a mode of human transportation. It is highly recognised for its contributions in environmental protection, public health improvements and community vitalisation. Many international cities have accommodated cycling as a fundamental part of their own city planning. Such implementation of cycling city may not be fit into the city centres of Hong Kong due to its demographics and composition of the urban transport system. Nevertheless, many previous studies have ident...

  13. Challenges and prospects of Danish service towns in the new urban geography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fertner, Christian; Groth, Niels Boje

    2012-01-01

    Many small towns in Denmark lost population and functions in recent decades. The service towns established between 1850 and 1940 take a considerable share of those. In that time almost 500 new towns emerged all over the country to serve the new export-oriented agricultural production as regional...... below 1000 inhabitants, only 10 % have more than 5000 inhabitants. More recently, with the emergence of functional urban regions around the biggest cities, their position as regional centres was weakened. Also, with the restructuring of the municipalities in Denmark in 2007 and the closure of several...... towns influenced by the emergence of the new functional urban geography and the administrative reforms? - What are the major challenges in urban development these towns are confronted with? We use historical register data as well as land use data to draw a broad picture of the development of Danish...

  14. Recent development of Slovene towns - social structure and transformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dejan Rebernik

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In Slovene towns and urban areas severalprocesses of social transformation and change have been present in the lastdecade. As a consequence of political and economic transition increasedsocialdifferentiation resulted in increased social segregation in urbanareas.Some areas such as high-rise housing estates and part of older innercity areas were affected by social degradation and concentration oflow-incomepopulation and ethnical minorities. In some parts of inner citiesprocesses of reurbanisation and gentrification are taking place. However,the degree of social segragation is lower than in the cities of mosttransitional countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

  15. Soil pollution in Mitrovica town surroundings and absorption of heavy metals by carrot plant

    OpenAIRE

    Afete Musliu; Seit Shallari

    2013-01-01

    In this paper is studied a heavy meal presence in soil in industrial zone surroundings in Mitrovica town and its impact on the vegetable species, referring on this paper to a carrot. The town of Mitrovica, has the largest complex metallurgy and mining in Europe known as "Trepca", known for exploitation of lead, zinc and cadmium, which town is one of the most polluted cities in Kosovo as in air, soil and water, in particular neighbourhood of industrial zone. The purpose of this work is to make...

  16. Towns, religious orders and Royal court

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Benešovská, Klára

    Praha : Muzeum hlavního města Prahy, 2011 - (Benešovská, K.), s. 536-537 ISBN 978-80-85394-88-7 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80330511 Keywords : towns and religious orders * John of Luxembourg * Elisabeth Premyslid Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  17. About Problems of the Large and Small Towns

    OpenAIRE

    Bolshinskaya Ivetta S.

    2012-01-01

    Problems of the large and small towns in the different countries have similarity and specific character. This problems represent the territorial organization of society efficiency, first of all for the small and large towns. This problems are considering as problems of "life environment" organization in accodace with "mode of living" standarts. Migration inhabitans is observed from small towns to large towns becaus of the change of territorial distribution of industry, obsolete production and...

  18. SPATIAL CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR IN SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED TOWNS

    OpenAIRE

    Leeuwen, Eveline S. van; Rietveld, Piet

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Small and medium-sized towns are often recognized as important components of the rural economy. In this article, we focus on the current function of small and medium-sized towns in providing retail services to local households in five European countries. Furthermore, we analyse the spatial shopping behaviour of these households. It appears that towns are still important places for shopping: more than half of the purchases of households living in town or the direct hinterla...

  19. Compensation for What? An Analysis of the Outcome in Arun Property Development (PTY LTD v Cape Town City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bradley Slade

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In Arun Property Development (Pty Ltd v Cape Town City the Constitutional Court awarded compensation for land that vested in the City of Cape Town in terms of a regulatory framework. The regulatory framework, sections 25 and 28 of the Cape Land Use Planning Ordinance of 1985 (LUPO, provides that land needed for public streets and places and indicated as such on a subdivision plan should vest in the local authority concerned, but without compensation if that land is based on the normal need of providing the particular development with such public streets and places. The appellant argued that since land in excess of the normal need also vested in the City, it had a right to be compensated for the excess land that vested in the City. The Court, overturning two Supreme Court of Appeal decisions, awarded compensation. The Court hinted that the compensation was for the expropriation of the appellant's land that was excess to the normal need. In the absence of a formal expropriation procedure, this case note investigates whether the compensation could have been awarded for statutory expropriation or constructive expropriation. Therefore, the question that is posed is whether the alleged expropriation for which the Court awarded compensation can be classified as either statutory expropriation or constructive expropriation. It is pointed out that the Court accepted that section 28 of the LUPO constitutes a development contribution for the land based on the normal need. In terms of the notion of development contributions, a developer has to donate land to the local authority concerned if that land is required to provide the particular development with public streets and places. A development contribution, as part of the administrative process of approving developments, is regulatory in nature and its validity is judged in terms of the requirements for a valid deprivation of property. It is argued that since the Court interpreted section 28 of the LUPO to

  20. Intergration of LiDAR Data with Aerial Imagery for Estimating Rooftop Solar Photovoltaic Potentials in City of Cape Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adeleke, A. K.; Smit, J. L.

    2016-06-01

    Apart from the drive to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by carbon-intensive economies like South Africa, the recent spate of electricity load shedding across most part of the country, including Cape Town has left electricity consumers scampering for alternatives, so as to rely less on the national grid. Solar energy, which is adequately available in most part of Africa and regarded as a clean and renewable source of energy, makes it possible to generate electricity by using photovoltaics technology. However, before time and financial resources are invested into rooftop solar photovoltaic systems in urban areas, it is important to evaluate the potential of the building rooftop, intended to be used in harvesting the solar energy. This paper presents methodologies making use of LiDAR data and other ancillary data, such as high-resolution aerial imagery, to automatically extract building rooftops in City of Cape Town and evaluate their potentials for solar photovoltaics systems. Two main processes were involved: (1) automatic extraction of building roofs using the integration of LiDAR data and aerial imagery in order to derive its' outline and areal coverage; and (2) estimating the global solar radiation incidence on each roof surface using an elevation model derived from the LiDAR data, in order to evaluate its solar photovoltaic potential. This resulted in a geodatabase, which can be queried to retrieve salient information about the viability of a particular building roof for solar photovoltaic installation.

  1. Genesis of Urban Frame, case study: New Town Almere, Public Space in Contemporary City.

    OpenAIRE

    Bois, G. de, Peter; Buurmans, A., Karen

    2005-01-01

    1970’s New Towns such as Almere are founded upon a then solid base of social consideration and production motives. At that time (and in contrast to earlier Post-War projects) the individual household with its small scale needs and wishes set in the world of planning. Naturally, planners and designers responded by trying and creating an everyday environment, wherein all residents would find some fulfilment, but instead of differences and conflict in appreciation they sought agreement, the spat...

  2. Tourism Development: Issues for Historic Walled Towns

    OpenAIRE

    Tomi Brezovec; David Bruce

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses issues in tourism development and visitor management in historic walled towns. Historic towns and walled towns in particular, attract tourists that enjoy the preserved medieval ambience, architecture and picturesque streets. Tourism has an impact on economic and social life as well as on the urban and natural environment. Walled towns and cities with their obvious barriers exemplify and crystallise issues, challenges, and opportunities critical to the development of touri...

  3. 如何看待“农村剩余劳动力向非农产业和城镇转移是工业化和现代化的必然趋势%How to Look on the Viewpoint that It is the Inevitable Trend of Industrialization and Urbanization for the Residual Rural Labor Forces to Shift to Non-agricultural Industries or Cities and Towns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宁辉

    2003-01-01

    Under the huge framework of China's entry into WTO, by using GTAP model, the author experimentally analyses that the shift of rural residual labor forces to non-agricultural industries or cities and towns is vital to improve the income of rural residents and narrow the gap both between rural areas and ur ban areas and between regions.

  4. Career Education Program: Geneva Area City Schools. [Grade 3 Units: Money and Banking, Weather, The Hospital Emergency Room, and Let's Go to Town].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geneva Area City Schools, OH.

    Four curriculum units for the third grade level focus on: (1) weather station jobs and the weather prediction system; (2) hospital emergency room workers and the room's function; (3) bank workers and the banking industry; and (4) various urban workers. Behavioral objectives linking the units focus on increasing students' awareness of and…

  5. Language and intercourse in Visaginas town

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The article deals with the attitude towards the key integration problems of the non Lithuanian population in town Visaginas (its building began in 1975 as Ignalina nuclear power plant - NPP - worker's settlement, first residents settled in 1977, up to 1992 it was named Sniechkus, in 1995 Visaginas received town status). The town was built on Visaginas' lake bank, Ignalina NPP - on Drukshiai lake bank. Ignalina is name of district, one of 44 in Lithuania. Ignalina town is in 14 kilometres from NPP. The situation of language and intercourse was investigated by three stages, three inquests. The first was expert inquest in 1993, the second - workers of Ignalina NPP inquest in 1995, third - inhabitants and institutions of administration of Visaginas and 4 districts around NPP in 1996. Investigation in 1996 displayed the 38% of non-indigenous residents of Visaginas absolutely had no command of Lithuanian (a desire their children to learn the language practically has been expressed by everybody). Inhabitants of Visaginas up to now can't to read any Lithuanian book or newspaper, to listen Lithuanian radio, to see Lithuanian television. The intercourse with indigenous residents mostly are going on Russian because 82% inhabitants of the region around Ignalina NPP can speak in Russian. In Visaginas no one have a good command of English, German or French in time as 2-5% habitants of districts around Visaginas have a good command of the languages. The 14% of non indigenous residents of Visaginas said they had a good command of Lithuanian. Problems of intercourse had 24% inhabitants in Visaginas,.26% - in Ignalina district, 12-13% - in Zarasai, Utena, Shvenchionys (districts around Ignalina NPP). Inhabitants of Visaginas interest for their living land, they have a big tolerance for mixed marriage (indigenous habitants - considerably less). Inhabitants of Visaginas may catch integration in Lithuanian culture in manner from Lithuanian language, and catch wealth which accumulated

  6. Protection and guidelines for the build image in towns in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrej Pogačnik

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available The research project, Protecting and Directing the Identity if Slovene Towns includes 48 urban centres. Towns were presented textually and graphically on maps (scale 1:10.000. An attempt of a typological classification based on design features and its final proposals are shown. The research vastly increases the scope of former projects focusing in centres of old inner cities. It points out that the formal features of towns has changed because of suburbanisation, new industrial zones, communications, functionalistic blocks, high-rise buildings, commercialisation of centres and other reasons. The proposed guide-lines are based on principles of ecology, reurbanisation, humanization, contextualism and emphasizing the identity of out towns.

  7. Town of Ancientry and Ethnicity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiuHuanzhi; LuRucai

    2005-01-01

    IN 2004,the Chinese government set itself the goal of building an harmonious society and still more emphasis has been put on this goal in 2005.Building an harmonious society means not only encouraging growth of GDP,but also achieving harmomious coexistence between human beings and nature,and coordinated development of various social aspects.Putting into practice this concept has revitalized Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture in southwestern China's Yunnan Province.

  8. Differences in employment outcomes for college town stayers and leavers

    OpenAIRE

    Winters, John V.

    2012-01-01

    Areas surrounding colleges and universities are often able to build their local stock of human capital by retaining recent graduates in the area after they finish their education. This paper classifies 41 U.S. metropolitan areas as "college towns" and investigates differences in employment outcomes between college graduates who stay in the college town where they obtained their degree and college graduates who leave after completing their degree. We find that college town stayers experience l...

  9. Outsourcing and strategy in Spanish town halls: a field study

    OpenAIRE

    González Ramírez, María Reyes; Llopis Taverner, Juan; Gascó Gascó, José Luis

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – This study seeks to analyse the links between strategies, structures and processes in the case of the largest Spanish town halls, using the Miles and Snow's models about organisational strategies, and asking the following questions: “What is the situation of municipal services' outsourcing in the largest Spanish town halls?”; “Do Spanish town halls follow the strategies suggested in Miles and Snow's model?”; and “Is there a relationship between the strategic position adopted by town...

  10. The historical town core and traffic in Novo mesto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilijana Jankovič

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The historical town core of Novo mesto is subject to intolerable traffic conditions. Individual car use is suffocating the town core, but simultaneously good access is essential for shopkeepers and other inhabitants since buses don’t go there. The project proposes changes to the traffic regime, its basic goals are to redesign the town square into a pedestrian place and to eliminate transitory traffic by rerouting vehicles to less burdened side roads. It introduces short-term parking, smaller parking garages in the core and larger parking spaces on the edge and routes the buses through the town core.

  11. 多中心结构下的中小城镇发展研究——以四川省都江堰为例%On Medium and Small Town Development in Polycentric City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王龑

    2013-01-01

    Combining with multi-aspect investigation,the existing problems in development process of Dujiangyan were put forward,which are common problems in other medium and small towns development in China,need to be improved and avoided in the future development.%笔者结合多方面的调查,提出了都江堰在发展过程中出现的问题,这些问题也是中国中小城镇发展过程中普遍存在的问题,亟待在今后的发展中得到有效改善.

  12. Urban Lighting Project for a Small Town: Comparing Citizens and Authority Benefits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Cellucci

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The smart and resilient city evolves by slow procedures of mutation without radical changes, increasing the livability of its territory. The value of the city center in a Smart City can increase through urban lighting systems: its elements on the territory can collect and convey data to increase services to city users; the electrical system becomes the so-called Smart Grid. This paper presents a study of smart lighting for a small town, a touristic location inside a nature reserve on the Italian coast. Three different approaches have been proposed, from minimal to more invasive interventions, and their effect on the territory has been investigated. Based on street typology and its surroundings, the work analyzes the opportunity to introduce smart and useful services for the citizens starting from a retrofitting intervention. Smart city capabilities are examined, showing how it is possible to provide new services to the cities through ICT (Information and Communication Technology without deep changes and simplifying the control of basic city functions. The results evidence an important impact on annual energy costs, suggesting smart grid planning not only for metropolis applications, but also in smaller towns, such as the examined one.

  13. Urban Vitality in Dutch and Chinese New Towns. A comparative study between Almere and Tongzhou

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jing Zhou

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Building new towns seems to be a rational regionalization approach that releases pressure from overly burdened large cities. This strategy was developed in Western Europe in the middle of twentieth century. Since the 1990s, the European new town model has been widely implemented in China. However, the author questions the feasibility of the large-scale, hasty new town developments. The study of worldwide new town experiences, especially European and Chinese cases, demonstrates that many new towns in fact have difficulty in achieving a real sense of urban quality and vitality. So far, few research projects have been conducted to evaluate and develop solutions for this problem.The purpose of this research project is therefore to identify the spatial and non-spatial factors and conditions that facilitate the development of urban vitality in new towns. It is aimed to reveal the impacts of spatial design, urban planning and governance approaches on the degree and patterns of local urban life of new towns in China and in the Netherlands. The generated knowledge of this research project helps develop not only a better understanding of the main problems of new towns, but also spatial strategies with the aim to enliven new towns and other types of (suburban areas as well. The central research question is approached through literature review and case studies.The literature review provides a critical re-evaluation of the scientific validation of the new town model, especially the notion of town self-containment in economic terms. The relevant theories under study mainly include regional science and economic geography. The literature review also clarifies the general definition of urban vitality and its distinct meanings in different socio-economic and political backgrounds of the two societies, sets up the quantitative measurements methodology, and identifies a preliminary framework of spatial factors and conditions. As it turns out, the key indicators of

  14. Study on Village and Town Development Mode and Land Use Policy of Urban Fringe: A Case Study of Wuhan City%武汉市城市边缘区村镇发展模式与土地利用政策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李强; 严金明

    2012-01-01

    With the rapid urbanization and social economic rapid development,the demand of urban spatial expansion is also ever-increasing. Establishing the development mode of village and town and land use policy has become an urgent issue Under the guidance of urban and rural development strategy, the land utilization mechanism was discussed which to realize the coordination and win-win among the ecology frame construction, the district level economic development demand, the city overall space optimization and the agricultural land resources conservatioa The urban fringe of Wuhan City was taken as a case study in this paper, and the demand of village and town construction pattern and land use policy were analyzed from the land utilization characteristic, industrial development direction and guidance. The fringe area of Wuhan City (involve 12 regions,37 townships) were divided into the type of ecology control, guidance development and the city development, and the region industry layout was taken as the support,a development system of villages and small towns in the area was presented,which was the "township+ community+developing-park". The village community construction was proposed in urban fringe, the 650 original villages were divided into the type of relocation,control and development villages. It aimed at providing the pattern for reference as safeguards and promoting the village and town development in urban fringe. And the response mechanism of related land utilization policy was explored from the correlative with increase and decrease of construction land in rural and town, the construction land of collective ownership circulation, the agricultural land use system reform and region land comprehensive improvement%在城乡统筹发展战略的指引下,探讨武汉市城市边缘区实现生态框架构建、区域经济发展诉求、城市整体空间优化与农用地资源保护协调共赢的土地利用机制.分析武汉市城市边缘区的土地利用特点

  15. Archaeoastronomy and Calendar Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campion, Nicholas

    2016-02-01

    The use of astronomy for collective purposes, both religious and political, is apparent in the earliest astronomical records, from the evidence for Palaeolithic lunar calendars to megalithic monuments and Mesopotamian celestial-omen reports. This paper will consider the application of the heavens to the organisation of the ‘Cosmic State’, the human polity modelled on the assumption of a close relationship between society on the one hand and planetary and stellar patterns on the other. I will also examine the foundation of Baghdad within the tradition of celestial town planning and argue that the city may be seen as a ‘talisman’, designed to connect heaven to Earth and ensure peace, stability and political success by harmonising time and space.

  16. Tourism and City. Reflections about Tourist Dimension of Smart City

    OpenAIRE

    Rosa Anna La Rocca

    2013-01-01

    The city of the future seems to be necessarily “intelligent” both in its physical and in functional features.This paper starts from the consideration that the diffusion of new communication technologies (ICTs) is significantly changing the urban supply system of tourist services giving rise to new ways of enjoying the city.As tourism can be assumed as an urban activity, by a town planning point of view, the study of tourism is meaningful to identify development trajectories of the present cit...

  17. The spatial flaws of new towns: Morphological comparison between a Chinese new and old town through the application of space syntax, spacematrix and mixed use index

    OpenAIRE

    Ye, Y.E.; Van Nes, A.

    2014-01-01

    Many new towns are established in China with the intention of providing desirable places to live. Nevertheless, these new towns often lack the flourishing street life, small businesses, and variety of social activities that old towns have to offer. This paper explores the spatial reasons why old towns tend to perform socio-economically better than new towns by adopting Space Syntax, Spacematrix, and Mixed Use Index (MXI) through geographical information system (GIS). These three analytical to...

  18. The 1930 earthquake and the town of Senigallia (Central Italy): an approach to seismic risk evaluation

    OpenAIRE

    G. Smriglio; P. Signanini; M. L. Rainone; D. Monna; F. Frugoni; P. Favali

    1995-01-01

    The town of Senigallia is located on the Adriatic coast of the Marche and Romagna regions (Central Italy), an area affected by offshore seismicity. This city was almost completely destroyed by an earthquake of IX degree intensity on the Mercalli-Cancani-Sieberg scale (MCS) on October 30, 1930. This quake is the most recent and the best documented. In particular, this shock was characterized by strong differences in the damage levels at a scale of hundreds and tens of metres. The g...

  19. Revenue Calculations Pertaining to a Change in County Local-Option Highway-User Taxes Proposed by the Indiana Association of County Commissioners, Association of Indiana Counties, and Indiana Association of Cities and Towns

    OpenAIRE

    HERPICC

    1983-01-01

    The projected revenue values contained in this report are the product of computer programs developed by staff members of the Highway and Extension Research Project for Indiana Counties and Cities (HERPICC). In its role as provider of technical information to the state's counties and municipalities, HERPICC produced this report in response to a request from the three associations who, as representatives of local governments, proposed the changes analyzed herein. Given its status as a state age...

  20. Tourism and City. Reflections about Tourist Dimension of Smart City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Anna La Rocca

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The city of the future seems to be necessarily “intelligent” both in its physical and in functional features.This paper starts from the consideration that the diffusion of new communication technologies (ICTs is significantly changing the urban supply system of tourist services giving rise to new ways of enjoying the city.As tourism can be assumed as an urban activity, by a town planning point of view, the study of tourism is meaningful to identify development trajectories of the present cities targeted to sustainable and smarter models.As a matter of fact, almost all the projects to get a “smart city” are based on the idea of joining the potentialities of ICTs and the needs of urban management through people living or using the city.In such a vision, “tourist dimension” of the city becomes fundamental in promoting urban image as well as in improving efficiency of the city. This efficiency also depends on the capability of each city to share historical and cultural heritage as “common good”.As tourist demand has deeply changed also driven by technological development, this paper tries to investigate how the urban supply will change in order to meet the rising demand of quality and efficiency. The transition to smart tourist destination currently seems to be strongly connected with the number and the variety of apps to improve the “experiential component”. A lack of interest there seems to be in finding strategies and policies oriented to plan the urban supply of services tourist or not.This consideration, if shared, opens up new perspectives for research and experimentation in which city planning could have a key-role also in proposing an holistic approach to city development towards smart city.

  1. Multiple benefits and values of trees in urban landscapes in two small towns in northern South Africa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Shackleton, S.; Chinyimba, A.; Hebinck, P.G.M.; Shackleton, C.; Kaoma, H.

    2015-01-01

    Cities and towns can be conceptualised as complex social-ecological systems or landscapes that are composed of different spatial elements. Trees in urban landscapes provide a variety of tangible and intangible benefits (ecosystem services) that may be valued differently across diverse households and

  2. Preliminary Study of Ancient Town Protection and Rural Tourism Development of Caoshi Town in Hengdong County,Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The typical style and features of mountains and waters in Caoshi Ancient Town,have hitherto been well preserved. Caoshi Ancient Town boasts superior base of the natural eco-environment and deep-rooted background of regional culture,where mountains,waters,shoals,towns and other landscape elements are merged harmoniously,the transportation and geographical conditions have been fundamentally changed. Ancient towns,old temples,ancient forests,ancient wells and ancient piers are unique in different ways,with characteristics of tourism resources such as long history and ancient folklore. It should seize the historical opportunity of China vigorously developing rural tourism based on the construction of the new socialist countryside,to make characteristic agricultural economy gain ground; assume the leading role to drive the development of tourism economy in surrounding areas; correctly handle the relationship between development and protection to walk the path of sustainable development of tourism.

  3. Can Cape Town's unique biodiversity be saved? Balancing conservation imperatives and development needs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Wood

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Cape Town is an urban hotspot within the Cape Floristic Region global biodiversity hotspot. This city of 2,460 km² encompasses four local centers of fynbos plant endemism, 19 national terrestrial vegetation types (six endemic to the city, wetland and coastal ecosystems, and 190 endemic plant species. Biodiversity in the lowlands is under threat of extinction as a result of habitat loss to agriculture, urban development, mining, and degradation by invasive alien plants. Cape Town's population is 3.7 million, increasing by an estimated 55,000 people/yr, which puts pressure on biodiversity remnants for development. South Africa is a signatory to international instruments to reduce biodiversity loss and has a good legislative and policy framework to conserve biodiversity, yet implementation actions are slow, with limited national and provincial support to conserve Cape Town's unique and irreplaceable biodiversity. The lack-of-action problem is two-fold: national government is slow to implement the policies developed to realize the international instruments it has signed, with conservation initiatives inadequately funded; and local governments are not yet recognized as important implementation partners. A further problem is created by conflicting policies such as the national housing policy that contributes to urban sprawl and loss of critical biodiversity areas. The City's Biodiversity Management Branch, with partners, is making some headway at implementation, but stronger political commitment is needed at all levels of government. Our objective is to improve the status and management of biodiversity in existing conservation areas through the statutory proclamation process and management effectiveness monitoring, respectively, and to secure priority areas of the BioNet, Cape Town's systematic biodiversity plan. The most important tools for the latter are incorporating the BioNet plan into City spatial plans; communication, education, and public

  4. Small and Medium-Sized City: The Main Battle Field of the New Urbanization Construction

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Small and medium-sized cities have played important roles in China¡¯s new urbanization strategies. Small and medium-sized cities can not only help large cities avert over-concentration of population, but also avoid excessively decentralizing rural industrialization in small towns. To develop small and medium-sized cities, characteristic industries and vocational education are required so that people can get employed in the cities and become residents easily. City infrastructure and public ser...

  5. Family law and 'the great moral public interests' in Victorian Cape Town, c.1850-1902

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vertrees C. Malherbe

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available In the wake of the mineral revolution, and the Cape Colony's attainment of responsible government, Cape Town's population doubled in the nineteenth century's latter years. Its largely British ruling class, seeing opportunities for wealth and a greater significance in empire and world, sought to construct a social order conducive to those goals. Faced with increasing ethnic heterogeneity, gender imbalance due to the numbers of male immigrants, and frustration in combating the endemic poverty and slums, city fathers and their closest colleagues - doctors, clergy - perceived the way forward in terms not of extending rights but of moral reform. This article carries the ongoing investigation of family life and law in Cape Town through the Victorian period. It examines legal enactments and social developments where they impacted on marriage, divorce, concubinage and related matters, with particular reference to the welfare of children and those born out of wedlock.

  6. Charles Hard Townes: Remarkable Scientist and Inspiring Teacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldsmith, P. F.

    2016-05-01

    Charles Townes is renowned for his work elucidating the structure of molecules through microwave spectroscopy and for his invention of the maser and the laser. He also had a lifelong interest in astronomy, and in the later portion of his remarkable and long career devoted himself to astronomical research, pioneering the study of molecules in interstellar space and the development of infrared spectroscopy, first from the ground and then from airborne facilities. His interest in high angular resolution, as well as high spectral resolution observations, led to development of the first infrared spatial interferometer employing coherent signal processing techniques. In this short review I will only touch on some of Townes' many scientific contributions, concentrating on astronomy, and will also give some personal thoughts about how he inspired students in their research, helping to make the "Townes Group" at the University of California, Berkeley, an ideal environment in which to start a career in research.

  7. The Transformation of Danish Towns and Regions in the Knowledge Economy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kalle Emil Holst

    Western economies are mainly based on knowledge-intensive industries. This has caused a major geographical shift and a divide in economic growth between few prosperous, larger city-regions and many non-core, smaller towns that are trailing behind. At the heart of this PhD thesis is an investigation...... into the causes of uneven economic and socio-economic development in Denmark. The PhD thesis includes four papers. Papers 1 and 2 examine how the local employment structures of towns influence local employment growth and socio-economic development. Paper 3 investigates the potential for regional...... development by examining the professional preferences of highly skilled public employees and their influence on the choice of workplace, using the case of hospital doctors as an example. Lastly, Paper 4 studies the strategic actions that allow low- and medium low-tech manufacturing firms in smalltown...

  8. Unstructured socialization and territorialization. A street-ethnographic take on urban youth in a medium-sized town in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gravesen, David Thore; Frostholm, Peter Hornbæk

    2015-01-01

    Unstructured socialization and territorialization. A street-ethnographic take on urban youth in a medium-sized town in Denmark. In 2013, the municipality in Horsens, a medium-sized provincial town in Denmark, bestowed the city's children and young people a skater / parkour / ball-cage facility...... right on the city's central squares. The facility serves as a territorial meeting place for a number of conflicting groups of adolescents with different codes of behavior based on their cultural orientation and sense of belonging to certain districts of the city. Through positioning battles of various...... kinds the groups fight for space and place for their unstructured socialization processes with their peers. Officially, the municipality donated the facility to give local children and young people an opportunity to use their bodies and participate in diverting and edifying cultural activities within...

  9. Prevalence of mental retardation among children in RS Pura town of Jammu and Kashmir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Kumar Raina

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the Prevalence of mental retardation in children 3 to 10 years of age. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in the framework of a population based, single centre, cross-sectional study at R.S.Pura town, 22 kms south- west of Jammu city. Results: A total of 61 (0.79 percent of the 7,707 children surveyed had positive screening results on the Ten Questions instrument. 56 (0.72percent children were diagnosed as suffering from mental retardation. Serious mental retardation was diagnosed in 48 children and mild mental retardation was diagnosed in 8 children. The combined prevalence estimates of mild and serious mental retardation were 7.2/1000. No notable sex differences were observed for either serious or mild retardation. Interpretation: The prevalence rates of mental retardation among children less than 19 years of age in R. S. town compares favorably with studies from developed world.

  10. Characterization of Wastewater in Rajouri Town, Jammu And Kashmir, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zishan Aslam

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Water exaggerated physically, chemically as well as biologically is known as wastewater. Thrown away process of solid waste and its treatment has been the foremost environmental setback for most of the cities in India especially in rural area. To make people aware about the level of contaminants in wastewater and to suggest the ways of treatment of wastewater which will result in disposing off of domestic effluents without any danger to human health, a study on characteristics of wastewater in Rajouri town in Jammu and Kashmir was conducted. Concentrations of various physicochemical parameters like Total dissolved solids (TDS, pH, Turbidity, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD, Chemical Oxygen Demand(COD, Alkalinity, Hardness Chloride Content, Nitrogen, Ammonium, Phosphorous, Iron and E-coli bacteria were determined. Study was done on five different sampling locations. All the parameters were found to be generally exceeding the limits set by W.H.O except for few sampling locations. The sampling site which was found to be the most polluted was Muradpur (SL 5 thus affecting the population there because of being on the downstream side and the least affected site was Kheora (SL2. In some sampling stations due to presence of vegetation at the disposal sites, the quality of sewage to some extent are acceptable may be because the vegetation absorb some of its undesirable constituents. To treat this wastewater and make it suitable for various purposes like irrigation, vegetation and other domestic purposes a treatment plant which will benefit population of 37,552 souls. Construction of wetlands will also lead to effective treatment and management of wastewater.

  11. The Town Effect: Dynamic Interaction between a Group of Structures and Waves in the Ground

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uenishi, Koji

    2010-11-01

    In a conventional approach, the mechanical behaviour of a structure subjected to seismic or blast waves is treated separately from its surroundings, and in many cases, the dynamic coupling effect between multiple structures and the waves propagating in the ground is disregarded. However, if many structures are built densely in a developed urban area, this dynamic interaction may not become negligible. The first purpose of this contribution is to briefly show the effect of multiple interactions between waves and surface buildings in a town. The analysis is based on a recently developed, fully coupled, rigorous mathematical study, and for simplicity, each building in the town is represented by a rigid foundation, a mass at the top and an elastic spring that connects the foundation and mass. The buildings stand at regular spatial intervals on a linear elastic half-space and are subjected to two-dimensional anti-plane vibrations. It is found that the buildings in this model significantly interact with each other through the elastic ground, and the resonant (eigen) frequencies of the collective system (buildings or town) become lower than that of a single building with the same rigid foundation. This phenomenon may be called the “town effect” or “city effect.” Then, second, it is shown that the actual, unique structural damage pattern caused by the 1976 Friuli, Italy, earthquake may better be explained by this “town effect,” rather than by investigating the seismic performance of each damaged building individually. The results suggest that it may also be possible to evaluate the physical characteristics of incident seismic/blast waves “inversely” from the damage patterns induced to structures by the waves.

  12. Epidemiological Survey of Leprosy and Dermatosis in Rural Residents of Jinpu Town, Chaoyang District, Shantou City%汕头市潮阳区金浦镇农村居民麻风病、皮肤病流行病学调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章快芳; 蔡妙娜; 李洁思; 张璇君; 许良杰; 郭义龙

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解汕头市潮阳区金浦镇农村居民麻风病、皮肤病的发病情况。方法:设计调查问卷对当地村民进行麻风病、皮肤病流行病学调查,对经初筛的可疑麻风病、皮肤病人员进行检查以确定诊断。结果:调查的39325人中患有皮肤病者2165例,患病率5.51%;该地区居民麻风病核心信息总知晓率为32.73%,皮肤病知晓率为35.15%;性别及吸烟、喝酒等因素对皮肤病患病率无明显影响( P>0.05);不同年龄、文化程度、个人卫生习惯、居住环境的皮肤病患病率差异均有统计学意义( P <0.01)。结论:该地区居民麻风病、皮肤病知晓率较低,皮肤病患病率较高,提示我们今后应加强农村地区麻风病、皮肤病的健康教育工作。%Objective:To investigate the morbidity of leprosy and other dermatosis in Jinpu town, Chaoyang distract, Shantou city.Methods:Questionnaires were used to investigate the mor-bidity of leprosy and dermatosis in Jinpu town.Results:2 165 of 39 325 respondents suffer derma-tosis and the prevalence rate was 5.51%.The awareness rate of leprosy corn information and der-matosis were 32.73%and 35.15% respectively.Gender, smoking and alcoholism were not risk factors for dermatosis( P>0.05 ) .There was significant difference in the prevalence rate between different age, educational level, personal hygiene custom, living condition(P<0.01).Conclu-sions:The prevalence rate of dermatosis in Jinpu town was high, with a low awareness rate of lep-rosy and dermatosis.It suggests that the health education of leprosy and dermatosis in rural areas must be strengthened.

  13. Building a repository on European colonial architecture and town planning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Suijker, P.M.

    2014-01-01

    During the past two years the TU Delft Library has developed a repository to store data about architecture and town planning in the former Dutch colonies. Historical images, books, journals and archives coming from libraries and museums are scanned and stored into the repository. Information about

  14. Youth, Work and Lifestyles in an Indonesian Industrial Town

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Naafs (Suzanne)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractThis dissertation is an ethnographic study of lower middle class youth and their education-to-work transitions in the Indonesian industrial town of Cilegon, Banten. The study examines how relatively educated young men and women (upper secondary school and tertiary graduates) navigate the

  15. 营养宣教对南昌市城镇小学生营养知识、营养态度、营养行为的影响%Effects of Nutrition Propaganda and Education on Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Town Primary Students in Nanchang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯花

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解南昌市城镇小学生营养知识、营养态度、营养行为的现状,评价营养宣教对南昌市城镇小学生营养知识、营养态度和营养行为的影响.方法 采取整群抽样法,同时对290名南昌市城镇小学生采用自行设计的问卷调查表进行问卷调查,并进行营养宣教.比较营养宣教前后小学生营养知识、营养态度、营养行为情况.结果 南昌市城镇小学生营养宣教后营养知识评分值、总评分值均显著高于营养宣教前,差异均有统计学意义(均P<0.01);营养宣教后营养行为评分值显著高于营养宣教前,但差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).营养宣教后在非常关心健康、营养好坏对学习和健康有影响、对营养知识感兴趣、愿意放弃自己爱吃而不利于健康的食物、愿意吃不喜欢的健康食品、喜欢参加体育活动等方面所占比例均较营养宣教前增加,但差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05).营养宣教后在每周吃5~6次早餐、每天吃早餐等方面所占比例均较营养宣教前增加,但差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05).营养宣教后每天喝牛奶所占比例较营养宣教前增加,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);营养宣教后经常喝(3次及以上)牛奶、有时喝(3次以下)牛奶所占比例均较营养宣教前增加,但差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05);营养宣教后从不喝牛奶所占比例较营养宣教前下降,但差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).营养宣教后每天进食蔬菜5种以上所占比例均较营养宣教前增加,但差异均无统计学意义(均P>0.05).结论 营养宣教能提高小学生的营养知识,改善其态度及行为,应在南昌市城镇小学中广泛开展.%Objective To understand the current situation of nutrition knowledge,attitude and behavior of town primary students in Nanchang city,and to evaluate the effects of nutrition propaganda and education on nutrition knowledge, attitude and

  16. Ethical Sustainability in Iranian New Towns: Case Study of Shushtar New Town

    OpenAIRE

    Mahdi Hamzenazhad; Mohadeseh Mahmoudi; Bushra Abbasi

    2014-01-01

    Shushtar is ancient city in Khuzestan Province at south west of Iran and is considered as a world heritage. In the early 70’s, Shushtar New Town was decided to be constructed in order to answer the residential needs on new employers of Karun Agro-Industries Corporation. The project was located across the river from the old city and Kamran Diba, an Iranian well-known architect, designed this New Town for 30,000 residents. Shushtar New Town was designed in relevant with the cultural values of I...

  17. City positioning theories and city core competencies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xinquan; Zhu

    2007-01-01

    Gity positioning The Chinese city in a decision develops the topic of the destiny. Since the 90's of 20 centuries, the economic integral and globalization developed rapidly. The development make national boundary become not so important, the function of the city is increasingly outstanding. In other words, national competition ability is morally now on the city competition ability. At the same time, this development result that the industry is divided internationally and is divided in cities. Therefore, under the condition of globalization, if the city wants the superior development, it must take advantages and avoid shortage, to position the city accurately, establish the competition and development the strategy. The city positioning is clearly defined the city competition ability, more important it indicated the direction of the city development. Trough the analysis of the resource and environment of the city, decide an accurate position of the best function of the city, well configure the inner and outside resource, catch the opportunities,face the challenges, maximized the market share in order to maximized the wealth and city competition ability.

  18. 'Cursed' Communities? Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Company Towns and the Mining Industry in Namibia

    OpenAIRE

    Littlewood, David

    2014-01-01

    This article examines Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and mining community development, sustainability and viability. These issues are considered focussing on current and former company-owned mining towns in Namibia. Historically company towns have been a feature of mining activity in Namibia. However, the fate of such towns upon mine closure has been and remains controversial. Declining former mining communities and even ghost mining towns can be found across the country. This article ...

  19. Tourism Development: Issues for Historic Walled Towns = Razvoj turizma v mestih z obzidjem

    OpenAIRE

    David Bruce; Tomi Brezovec

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses issues in tourism development and visitor management in historic walled towns. Historic towns and walled towns in particular, attract tourists that enjoy the preserved medieval ambience, architecture and picturesque streets. Tourism has an impact on economic and social life as well as on the urban and natural environment. Walled towns and cities with their obvious barriers exemplify and crystallise issues, challenges, and opportunities critical to the development of touri...

  20. Quantify the landscape effect and environmental sustainability of rural re(g)ion planning at town scale near metropolis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shiliang LIU; Yuhong DONG; Minxia WEN; Bin CHEN

    2009-01-01

    The urban fringe, which can be seen as a special form of regional ecosystem with a spatial transition from urban to rural areas, has strong heterogeneity and is a typical ecologically sensitive area. The expansion of cities and the landscape effect of the changes have attracted wide attention. The primary aim of this study is to obtain an understanding of the spatial patterns of landscape conversion and the corresponding environmental sustainability. With the help of GIS and Fragstats software, the changes of landscape patterns before and after town planning were compared in An-Ding town of Beijing, of which the sustainability was also revealed based on the ecological footprint using social and economic statistic data. Theresults showed that the landscape pattern changed greatly during its conversion from several villages to a small town and the landscape fragmentation increased due to road construction. Meanwhile, human disturbance increased with the constructed land extension. For the gap between the ecological footprint and the biological capacity, AnDing town ran an ecological deficit at that period, which means it was unsustainable. However, the environmental sustainability decreased after planning due to the degraded green land and forest. The results suggested that ecological management should be strengthened during the town planning period.

  1. Mobile Routing Services for Small Towns using CloudMade API and OpenStreetMap

    OpenAIRE

    Zheng, Jianghua; Chen, Xiaoyu; Ciepłuch, Błażej; Winstanley, Adam; MOONEY Peter; Jacob, Ricky

    2010-01-01

    This research presents a practical solution for mobile routing services for small towns using open sources. Free mapping application program interfaces (API) provided by web map services, including routing services, are available to create customised map based web services combining their cartographic base data with the users own data. However, most applications focus on big cities. Location based services in small towns are generally few as many people believe there is a little demand in suc...

  2. Cities and Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Andrew K. Rose

    2005-01-01

    If one ranks cities by population, the rank of a city is inversely related to its size, a well-documented phenomenon known as Zipf's Law. Further, the growth rate of a city's population is uncorrelated with its size, another well-known characteristic known as Gibrat's Law. In this paper, I show that both characteristics are true of countries as well as cities; the size distributions of cities and countries are similar. But theories that explain the size-distribution of cities do not obviously...

  3. Parental Loss and Schooling: Evidence from Metropolitan Cape Town

    OpenAIRE

    Cally Ardington; Murray Leibbrandt

    2009-01-01

    This paper makes use of the Cape Area Panel study (CAPS), a longitudinal study of youth and their families in metropolitan Cape Town in order to broaden the empirical body of evidence of the causal impact of parental death on children’s schooling in South Africa in two dimensions. First, analysis of CAPS allows us to examine the extent to which results may generalize across geographically and socioeconomically distinct areas. Second, CAPS allows for an explicit exploration of whether the caus...

  4. A provincial town as viewed by children and teenagers

    OpenAIRE

    Zhigaltsova Tatyana Valentinovna

    2015-01-01

    This article is the preliminary result of research “The image of the provincial town”. The author presents a definition and justification of the «mental map» to the local urban studies. The author identifies the places of disquiet which allow for the survey of transformation that mental values by children and teenagers in the provincial town to the North of Russia.

  5. Mourning Mandela: sacred drama and digital visuality in Cape Town

    OpenAIRE

    Uimonen, Paula

    2015-01-01

    The world united in unprecedented ways in mourning the global icon Nelson Mandela, an emotionally charged historical event in which digital visuality played an influential role. The memorial service for Nelson Mandela on Tuesday, 10 December 2013, gathered dignitaries and celebrities from around the world at the First National Bank Stadium in Johannesburg, to mourn the passing of Madiba and to celebrate his life work. At the Grand Parade in Cape Town, the event was broadcast on large public s...

  6. Urban development and influential factors on urban form of towns in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the period of socialism and transition: Case study of Banjaluka and Trebinje

    OpenAIRE

    Milojević Brankica

    2013-01-01

    Throughout the history, the urban development of towns in Bosnia and Herzegovina has been strongly influenced by different social systems that were transponed into the urban space giving it general characteristics common for the most cities. The character of the urban form of cities also pointed to the influence of various individual factors which can be generally classified into three groups: the natural characteristics of the urban space, created physical...

  7. Globalization and cities

    OpenAIRE

    Petrović Mina

    2004-01-01

    This paper deals with the basic concepts on cities within contemporary globalisation. First, it briefly reviews the city perspective within the world system theory (concepts of over-urbanisation, under-urbanisation, and dependent urbanisation), new international division of labour, theory of the second circuit of capital and informational society. The second part of the paper is dedicated to the concepts of global and world cities and their implications for the cities in developed and develop...

  8. Town Centre Redevelopment Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vagnby, Bo Hellisen

    After many years of urban growth Danish downtowns are facing some important choices. Shall the stake one-sidedly be on the town centres as driving forces for growth and 'city marketing', or do they still have a role to play in a broader socio-economic context? In the paper we look back on eight...... slum clearence and urban renewal. To a certain extent parallels are drawn to international experiences, especially where these are of such a nature that they can be assumed transferred to Danish connctions. Conclusively, the strategies are discussed in the light of the turn of Danish urban planning...

  9. The town in Serbia and Bulgaria: A comparative reading of current processes. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zlatanović Sanja

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The topic of this volume is a result from The Contemporary City in Serbia and Bulgaria: Processes and Changes, a bilateral project of the Institute of Ethnography of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts and the Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (2014-2016. The six papers offer a comparative view of current social processes in two neighbouring Balkan countries, linked by numerous historical and political experiences. Comparative research into societal trends enables a more thorough understanding and monitoring of global processes. In today’s increasingly globalised and glocalised world, towns experience sudden changes and it is in the towns that these changes are most vividly to be seen. The focus of our research is on the dynamism of the contemporary town, on processuality and changes in societal practices. Ana Luleva examines life in the small town of Nessebar in southeast Bulgaria, which has been on the UNESCO World Heritage list since 1983. The protection, management and presentation of Nessebar’s cultural heritage are highly complex issues, further complicated by the problem of collision with the interests of the inhabitants. The author analyses the relations between the various factors - the state administration, municipal authorities and the local population. Here the tourist industry, investment interests, corrupt institutions and civil society all play their part. Ivanka Petrova chose to research Belogradchik, a small town in northwest Bulgaria. Petrova investigates how local social and cultural resources are used in the work of a family tourist enterprise. The author looks for answers to questions such as: how its members identify with the town and its culture and how the work of the enterprise fits into the Belogradchik local context. At the focus of her paper are current societal practices: the local urban economy and the production of images and symbols

  10. Medieval town - fortress of Zvecan

    OpenAIRE

    Božović Ružica

    2015-01-01

    This paper is concerned with phenomenon of medieval town- fortress of Zvecan through examining (1) the town planning and spatial organization within the town, (2) its physical structure, (3) conception of medieval design and construction of Zvecan, (4) medieval instinct for correlation of shapes within the town and correlation of Zvecan and its surrounding, (5) comparison of Zvecan with medieval towns in the region and beyond. This medieval town as a whole ...

  11. A Comparison of the Motor Ability of 8 and 9 Year Old Primary School Children in Hamburg, Melbourne and Cape Town--An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kretschmer, Jurgen; Saunders, John; Bressan, Liz; Erhorn, Jan; Wirszing, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    An increasing worldwide concern about a decline in the quality of the motor ability of children was the motivation for this exploratory comparative study. It involves a comparison of the motor ability of children aged 8 and 9 years from Hamburg (n = 774), Melbourne (n = 141) and Cape Town (n = 81). Since each of these global cities represents a…

  12. Pinjarra 1970: Shame and the Country Town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robyn Ferrell

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Pinjarra in 1970 lay on an extraordinary cusp. It lagged along a fault line between one order and another; or rather, it squatted at a precipice, over which its cherished values had already been dashed to pieces. In 1967, Aboriginal people were at last, by national referendum, declared citizens of Australia. In 1969, Alcoa began to prepare the site in the hills behind Pinjarra for the open-cut mining of the largest bauxite deposit so far discovered in the world. The past met the future, and they didn’t recognise each other.

  13. Walmart and Values: Painting the Town Red?

    OpenAIRE

    Carden Art; Courtemanche Charles; Meiners Jeremy

    2009-01-01

    This essay explores the relationship between commerce and culture in the context of the recent debate over the social effect of Wal-Mart. In spite of much public debate, little is known about how Wal-Mart affects values. Using data collected from multiple sources, we show there is little evidence that Wal-Mart makes communities more conservative or more progressive.

  14. Towns, tenements and buildings: aspects of medieval urban archaeology and geography

    OpenAIRE

    Baker, Nigel

    1990-01-01

    This thesis will argue that the most effective way of understanding the physical development of medieval towns, particularly the larger, more complex, towns and those which lack extensive and detailed contemporary documentation is by a structured integration of the data derived from the archaeological investigation of individual sites with detailed town-plan analyses following the methodology introduced and developed by Conzen. This will be demonstrated by two case-studies, designed to explor...

  15. Application and Comparison of Tsunami Vulnerability and Damage Models for the Town of Siracusa, Sicily, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pagnoni, Gianluca; Tinti, Stefano

    2016-03-01

    Siracusa is one of the most important cities of the eastern coast of Sicily, which according to historical records and to the present knowledge of the tectonic setting, is exposed to tsunamis generated by landslides on the Malta escarpment and by local and remote (e.g., Eastern Hellenic Arc) earthquakes. For this reason, the area of Siracusa has been selected as one of the test sites to conduct specific studies within the European FP7 project ASTARTE. In this frame, this work focuses on the assessment of tsunami vulnerability of (and damage to) the building stock of the town. The analysis is carried out following two different models, namely the SCHEMA and the Papathoma Tsunami Vulnerability Assessment (PTVA-3) methods. Topographic and building stock data in the potentially flooded areas are taken from detailed digital databases produced by the region of Sicily, integrated with satellite and photographic imagery from Google Earth and further validated by field surveys. We have explored three inundation scenarios corresponding to a constant-level tsunami flooding with assumed sea level rise of 1, 3 and 5 m, and evaluated the damage to the town buildings using both methods that make use of a 5-degree scale. The main result is that the level of damage of both models is not consistent, and that consistency may be improved if one changes from a 5- to a 3-degree damage scale.

  16. Poverty Occurrence Characteristics of Ancient Towns and Villages in Shanxi Province and Poverty Reduction Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Based on the questionnaire of 10 sample ancient towns and villages in Shanxi Province,we analyze the poverty occurrence characteristics of ancient towns and villages in Shanxi Province: the poverty incidence in ancient towns and villages is high,with the slow pace of poverty re- duction; the regional characteristics of poverty is prominent; there are conspicuous differences in income between residents living in old houses and residents not living in old houses; poverty reduction shows vulnerability and instability. Then we put forward countermeasures for poverty reduction of ancient towns and villages in Shanxi Province as follows: first,improving the targeting mechanism of poverty in ancient towns and villages; second,speeding up the development of agricultural industrialization in ancient towns and villages; third,advancing internal " urbanization" of ancient towns and villages and new countryside construction; fourth,strengthening infrastructure building in ancient towns and villages; fifth,providing fair and efficient allocation of resources,and reducing regional differences; sixth,promoting the ability of residents in ancient towns and villages to cope with poverty reduction vulnerability.

  17. 县域单元乡镇经济综合发展水平时空差异研究--以邳州市为例%Temporal and Spatial Difference Research of Comprehensive Development Level about Town Economic in County Unit--A Case Study of Pizhou City in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘雅萍; 孙德芳; 丁丽娜

    2013-01-01

    Taking pizhou city in jiangsu province as an example, this article sets up the comprehensive development level evalua-tion index system of township economy, evaluates the comprehen-sive development level of township economy in 2000, 2005 and 2008 in pizhou by using the factor analysis method. And township comprehensive economic development level changes in space and time is measured by using dynamic degree model. Some research finding shows that the overall spatial pattern of the comprehensive economic development level of pizhou township seems like a“L”shape, its space structure shows a typical “pole-axis”structure, and its development level has a characteristic of“football”type. The trend of time-space evolution results in a gradually formed“football” type of town economic structure mode in pizhou.%  以江苏省邳州市为例,构建乡镇经济综合发展水平评价指标体系,运用因子分析法对2000、2005和2008年邳州市乡镇经济综合发展水平进行评价,并用动态度模型测度2000年至2008年各乡镇的经济综合发展水平时空变化情况。研究发现邳州市乡镇经济综合发展水平的现状空间格局总体呈现反“L”形,空间结构呈现“点-轴”结构,发展等级呈现典型的“橄榄球”型;其时空演化的趋势是邳州市乡镇“橄榄球型”的经济结构模式逐步形成。

  18. Cities and human security

    OpenAIRE

    Szpak, Agnieszka

    2016-01-01

    Cities have been researched mostly in terms of their economic, technological, and social value and significance. Despite some changes in this respect there is still a need to research cities as a fascinating phenomenon, also in respect of its capabilities to increase human security on a local and global scale. The article examines the role of cities for human security in the selected and representative fields such as sustainable development, human rights and environmental protection which are...

  19. Investigation and analysis of the incidence of diabetes in the elderly of Mangshan town health center in the old city of Luoyang City%洛阳市老城区邙山镇卫生院老年人糖尿病发病率的调查及分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹灵军

    2016-01-01

    Objective:In order to make a better prevention and cure of diabetes,the incidence of diabetes in elderly people in our town was analyzed retrospectively.Methods:936 eldly people over 60 years old were selected,all of them were screened for fasting blood glucose and postprandial 2 h blood glucose.Results:The incidence of diabetes in the elderly was 10.1%.The incidence of the disease was gradually decreased with age,and the higher concentration was between 60 and 80 years old,the incidence rate was low for eldly over 85 years old,and elderly diabetic patients with more complications.Conclusion:Elderly people have a high incidence of diabetes,and often combined with chronic diseases,we should strengthen the screening and prevention.%目的:对本镇老年人糖尿病的发病率进行回顾性分析,以更好地进行防治.方法:选取60岁以上的老年人936例,进行空腹血糖及餐后2 h血糖的检测筛查.结果:老年人糖尿病发病率10.1%;发病率随着年龄的增长逐渐降低,较高地集中在60~80岁,85岁以上发病率较低;并且老年人糖尿病患者合并症较多.结论:老年人糖尿病发病率较高,常合并慢性疾病,应加强筛查及防治.

  20. Sound and the City

    OpenAIRE

    Bulley, James; Sahin, Ozden; Spinelli, Emmanuel; Tanaka, Atau; Hosang, Georgina M.; Cubitt, Sean; Drever, John L.; Kanngieser, Anja

    2014-01-01

    Imagining the future soundscape of the city. Researchers from across disciplines explore the rapidly changing urban soundscape — how do the sounds around us affect our daily life? What might a futuristic city sound like? An interactive listening experience exploring the impact that the sounds around us can have on our health, wellbeing and sense of place. Sound and the City installation was exhibited as part of the Universities Week at the Natural History Museum between June 9 — 11, 2...

  1. Mourning Mandela: sacred drama and digital visuality in Cape Town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Uimonen

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The world united in unprecedented ways in mourning the global icon Nelson Mandela, an emotionally charged historical event in which digital visuality played an influential role. The memorial service for Nelson Mandela on Tuesday, 10 December 2013, gathered dignitaries and celebrities from around the world at the First National Bank Stadium in Johannesburg, to mourn the passing of Madiba and to celebrate his life work. At the Grand Parade in Cape Town, the event was broadcast on large public screens, followed by live music performances and narrowcast interaction with the audience. Building on recent research on public screens during global media events, this article addresses the mediated mourning rituals at the Grand Parade in terms of a sacred drama. Focusing on social relationality, the article discusses how digital visuality mediated a sense of global communitas, thus momentarily overcoming historical frictions between the global north and the global south, while expanding the fame of Madiba. Paying attention to the public display of visual memory objects and the emotional agency of images, it argues that digital visuality mediated social frictions between the living and the dead, while recasting a historical subject as a historical object. The article further discusses how digital visuality mediated cultural frictions of apartheid and xenophobia, through the positioning of Mandela in the pantheon of Pan-African icons, thus underlining the African origin of this global icon. The analysis is based on ethnographic observations and experiences in Cape Town.

  2. Suburbs and Cities

    OpenAIRE

    William N. Goetzmann; Matthew I. Spiegel; Susan M. Wachter

    1996-01-01

    This paper addresses the issue of how closely the fortunes of suburbs are tied to the fortunes of the central city. We use similarities in residential housing price dynamics as a measure of how closely the economies of cities and suburbs are related. We develop housing price indices for most of the zip codes in California, and use these in a clustering procedure to see whether cities and suburbs naturally aggregate together, or whether they move separately. We find that central cities tend to...

  3. Symmetry distribution of cities in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The authors of this paper induced five principles of geographical symmetry based on the space distributions of cities and towns in China. There is a symmetry distribution of cities and towns. The symmetry characteristics are the following: (i) the average coordination number of the cities (including large cities, medium cities and county towns) is 6 ( i.g. rotation symmetry); (ii) the distribution of large and medium cities are shown to be the latticework in which two directions are parallel to two main tectonic ones in China, respectively; (iii) the distribution of county towns of a province is also shown to be the latticework in which two directions are parallel to two tectonic ones in this province (i. g. two-dimensional translation ) and (iv) the concentric circle distribution of cities (CCDC) is centered round a large city (i. g. rotation symmetry).

  4. In-town dispersion calculations with RIMPUFF and UDM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Astrup, P.; Thykier-Nielsen, S.; Mikkelsen, Torben

    2005-11-01

    Input to ERMIN, deposition of radioactive matter inside inhabited areas from releases both within and outside such areas, shall in a decision support system be produced by dispersion codes, followed by data-assimilation. The present work focuses on the differences in near surface concentrations and in depositions obtained with a code designed for dispersion of a release from a nuclear power plant, typically situated at a distance from densely inhabited areas, and a code specifically designed for predicting dispersion from sources inside urban areas. The codes applied are the RIMPUFF code, RIsoe Mesoscale PUFF model from Risoe National Laboratory, Denmark, and the UDM code, Urban Dispersion Model, from 'dstl', Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, Porton Down, United Kingdom. For an above-town release only small differences are seen between the codes, but for a in-town ground release, e.g. a dirty bomb, the UDM code predicts much larger concentrations in an area close to the release point and, if wind shifts occur, gives a rather different plume all over. (au)

  5. In-town dispersion calculations with RIMPUFF and UDM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Input to ERMIN, deposition of radioactive matter inside inhabited areas from releases both within and outside such areas, shall in a decision support system be produced by dispersion codes, followed by data-assimilation. The present work focuses on the differences in near surface concentrations and in depositions obtained with a code designed for dispersion of a release from a nuclear power plant, typically situated at a distance from densely inhabited areas, and a code specifically designed for predicting dispersion from sources inside urban areas. The codes applied are the RIMPUFF code, RIsoe Mesoscale PUFF model from Risoe National Laboratory, Denmark, and the UDM code, Urban Dispersion Model, from 'dstl', Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, Porton Down, United Kingdom. For an above-town release only small differences are seen between the codes, but for a in-town ground release, e.g. a dirty bomb, the UDM code predicts much larger concentrations in an area close to the release point and, if wind shifts occur, gives a rather different plume all over. (au)

  6. Pollution bi nitrate in the urban and rural zone of Macachins town, La Palma, Argentina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The town of Macachin is located over the Valle Argentino aquifer. there, the phreatic aquifer is lodged in a sandy superficial cap and in the slime-sandy sediments. The objective of this work is to depict the pollution of the unconfined aquifer of Macachin, considering the presence of nitrate as determining actor of the quality of the resource. The peri urban area was analysed with the purpose of cover the area of relocalization of the sources of potable water for the town. In the urban area, the domiciliary perforations and in those os supply were considered. Samples in perforations and in drilled wells were collected. Temperature, pH, electrical conductivity and the ions concentration for nitrate and chloride were measured. Statistical basic parameters were calculated for eight wells in exploitation and also for the perforations and drilled wells. It was concluded that the conditions of the underground waters is little satisfactory. All of the domiciliary wells sampled contained a quantity of nitrate that overcomes the maximum levels allowed for the consumption of potable water. In the city's wells of supply a significant increase of the nitrate concentrations was identified since 1998, approximately. The contribution of organic matter to the underground water could be originated in the decomposition of the domiciliary wastes arranged in cesspools. In both areas, the nitrate concentrations in the unsaturated zone are similar and superior to the limit allowed for human consumption. The pollution sources in the rural zone can be permanent corrals of animals. (Author) 10 refs.

  7. Surveying the Process of Physical Development of Sahand New Town and Defining Appropriate Districts for Its Future Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Pourjafar

    2012-01-01

    appropriate ecological capabilities. The main goal of this study is defining the best direction for city development that has the least short-time and longtime bad effects. Research method is descriptive and analytical method and data have been collected from library and observational study. Sahand is a new town in East Azerbaijan which was constructed about two decades ago for controlling the extreme growth of Tabriz and for attracting the extra population of this metropolis. Sahand new town is 20 kilometers far away from Tabriz and it became a town in 2007. It has a population of about 16000 and a population of about 90000 was forecasted for this town at its master plan. The area of allocated lands for this town is about 12650 hectare and it is situated on the hillside of Sahand Mountain. According to the process of ecological capability assessment in this research, for assessing the ecological capability of each region, we have to identify a lot of natural resources parameters. In order to provide these resources for assessment, they must become to land identification and resource maps. Subsequently, this information will be used as different information layers for assessing. Also, the information and the requirements for this model of ecological capability assessment were arranged according to the criteria of ecologic model (urban, rural and industrial development model.In the next stage, given the systematic method and also applying software applications such as GIS, data layers were analyzed, integrated and overlaid by AHP technique. Then, the final map of ecological capability of case study region was produced. This map was produced according to privileging two groups of lands, quiet appropriate and rather appropriate lands. Eventually, the final map of ecological capability of case study region was produced by overlaying the maps of these two kinds of lands with regard to both groups. So, the appropriate land for future development of Sahand new town was determined.4

  8. Regional Variation in Urbanisation in India and the Emergence of New Towns

    OpenAIRE

    Chatterjee, Mahalaya

    2014-01-01

    India, a country with a vast land area and population, has crossed the 30% level only in terms of urbanization as per its latest census in 2011. The Census authority identifies urban areas in the country on the basis of either of the following two criteria: a) All the settlements having any form of local government are called statutory towns; b) Apart from these statutory towns, Census authority of India declares some areas as towns if they satisfy the following three criteria simultaneously:...

  9. Planning Principles and Control Mechanisms of New Town Development in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dasimah Bt Omar

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available There is no clear-cut definition of constitutes new towns. The notion of self-containment is rightly seen as central to many new towns and often been one of the underlying objectives. References on planning principles and control mechanisms regarding new town development in Malaysia are very limited. Therefore, the perception survey is to identify the planning principles and control mechanisms of new town development in Malaysia from the perspective of two different groups of professional town planners. The findings showed that there is an urgent need to properly define new town and to clearly spell out the planning principles and control mechanisms as to the requirements of new town development. There is a strong need for an integrated national policy, strong need for special development control mechanisms, moderately strong need for a separate format for preparing the Development Proposal Report, a moderate need for special planning standards and some support for revising the present Town and Country Planning Act so as to satisfy the new town development.

  10. Developing Rural Central Towns:A Logical Necessity of Urbanization in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    There are a great number of small towns that distribute widely in China.How to develop a group of medium-and small-sized cities through central town development has turned into a strategic issue in the urbanization process of China.The paper analyzes the development goal of medium-and small-sized cities and the advantages and limitation for current central town development.It is stressed that developing central towns is a necessary process for China’s urbanization.

  11. The shrinking mining city: urban dynamics and contested territory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez-Fernandez, Cristina; Wu, Chung-Tong; Schatz, Laura K; Taira, Nobuhisa; Vargas-Hernández, José G

    2012-01-01

    Shrinking mining cities — once prosperous settlements servicing a mining site or a system of mining sites — are characterized by long-term population and/or economic decline. Many of these towns experience periods of growth and shrinkage, mirroring the ebbs and flows of international mineral markets which determine the fortunes of the dominant mining corporation upon which each of these towns heavily depends. This dependence on one main industry produces a parallel development in the fluctuations of both workforce and population. Thus, the strategies of the main company in these towns can, to a great extent, determine future developments and have a great impact on urban management plans. Climate conditions, knowledge, education and health services, as well as transportation links, are important factors that have impacted on lifestyles in mining cities, but it is the parallel development with the private sector operators (often a single corporation) that constitutes the distinctive feature of these cities and that ultimately defines their shrinkage. This article discusses shrinking mining cities in capitalist economies, the factors underpinning their development, and some of the planning and community challenges faced by these cities in Australia, Canada, Japan and Mexico. PMID:22518883

  12. Changing tune in Woodstock: Creative industries and local urban development in Cape Town, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Wenz

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Since the beginning of the new millennium, a plethora of works has been published on the making of the ‘creative city’ and the urban impact of the creative economy. So far, however, limited recognition has been given to how the development of cultural industries and the creative economy as a whole influences urban transformation in the rapidly urbanising Global South, especially in Africa. In Cape Town, a steadily growing number of creative industries and ‘culturepreneurs’ (Lange 2005 are carving out new spaces from the city’s highly contested urban setting. Over the past five years, the mixed-use, inner-city fringe area of Woodstock has seen the incessant arrival of creatives from various sectors. Travelling alongside is a property sector geared towards catering specifically for the creative industries’ spatial demands by turning old industrial structures – the remains of Woodstock’s former capacity as national hub for clothing, food processing and other light manufacturing – into creative centres hosting international film studios, leading galleries and designer ‘theatre retail spaces’. After setting the stage through a comprehensive introduction to the rise of the creative economy in South Africa and Cape Town, this article tunes into the current local development of Woodstock, based on extensive field research in the area. It traces ways and forms of conflict but also new social interfaces between the new creative tenants and the old established community, on the one hand pointing to problematic issues like lingering gentrification, sociospatial polarisation and lopsided cultural representation while also trying to flesh out some of the opportunities for finding the right frequency of engagement between creative industries and spaces of vernacular creativity within Cape Town’s post-apartheid urban realm. Keywords: Creative economy, creative city, Global South, urban regeneration, gentrification, vernacular creativity

  13. Urban Green Space Policies : A Comparative Study on Performance and Success Conditions in European Cities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijkamp, Peter; Baycan-Levent, T.

    2004-01-01

    Urban green spaces play a key role in improving the liveability of our towns and cities. The quality and viability of cities depend largely on the design, management and maintenance of urban green as well as on open and public spaces that make up an important social constellation and offer a visu

  14. Old regime towns and villages: consent and conflict in local castile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Truchuelo García

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Castilian towns and villages had a long development process in medieval times. Then, they were formed as political bodies to the prosecution of the common good. Despite town and village reciprocal relationships were part of the common political body they formed together, their relationships were hierarchical. Towns, as heads of jurisdictional districts, kept relations of domination on the villages. There, powerful local lineages tried to widen their authority and power. This traditional scheme, that explained town and village Old Regime relationships, was changing in the long-run perspective. Charles V initiated sales of town titles and privileges to increase royal incomes. This favored not only these last, but also higher degrees of jurisdictional local autonomy and, at the same time, it went in favor of local oligarchies aspirations of wider spheres of local self government

  15. China countryside land market development innovation research basing on city and town integration%基于城乡一体化的我国农村土地市场发展创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓兰燕

    2011-01-01

    Through market mechanism to allocate land has become the practice in the world,compared with the urban state-owned land to the development of the market,rural collective land market development is slow,in both urban and rural land market duality,land secondary market by subject and use restrictions,land of 3 class market under the background of relative lack gradually highlight some new problems.Should be definite rural land property rights,breakthrough rural land use restrictions,perfect market requirements,foster two 3 class market,and gradually establish urban and rural unity,equality and orderly land market.%通过市场机制配置土地已成为世界各国通行的做法,相比城市国有土地市场的发展,农村集体土地市场发育缓慢,在城乡土地市场二元性、土地二级市场受到主体和用途限制、土地三级市场相对缺失的背景下逐渐凸显一些新问题。建议明确农村土地产权、突破农村土地用途限制、完善市场要件、培育二、三级市场,逐步建立城乡统一、平等、有序的土地市场。

  16. 初次分配对城乡收入差距影响的实证分析%Demonstrative analysis of first distribution's influence on city and town income difference

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔杏

    2011-01-01

    This article used econometric method,Between 2000~2009 using data from the initial distribution of urban and rural per capita income gap between urban and rural per capita incomegap with the relationship between the empirical analysis,Established the corresponding regression model,and conducted Granger causality test.The results show that:the initial distribution of urban-rural income gap and income gap between urban and rural areas there is a close relationship,Primary distribution of income gap between urban and rural areas on a promoting role in urban-rural income gap.that means the initial distribution of income inequality is bound to promote the further expansion of urban-rural income gap.this article gives the appropriate policy recommendations on the base of analysing the elements of primary distribution of income.%本文运用经济计量方法,利用2000~2009年间的数据,对城乡人均初次分配收入差距与城乡人均收入差距之间的关系进行实证分析,建立了相应的回归模型,并进行了Granger因果关系检验。研究结果表明:城乡初次分配收入差距与城乡收入差距之间存在密切的关系,城乡初次分配收入差距对城乡收入差距具有推进的作用,意味着初次分配收入差距的扩大必然会促进城乡收入差距的进一步扩大。在对初次分配收入要素进行分析的基础上,本文给出了相应的政策建议。

  17. Pollution and city size: can cities be too small?

    OpenAIRE

    Borck, Rainald; TABUCHI Takatoshi

    2015-01-01

    We study the optimal and equilibrium size of cities in a monocentric city model with environmental pollution. Pollution is related to city size through the effect of population on production, commuting, and housing consumption. If pollution is local, we find that equilibrium cities are too large, mirroring standard results in the theory of city systems. When pollution is global and per capita pollution declines with city size, however, equilibrium cities may be too small.

  18. The Security and Development Nexus in Cape Town

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Steffen Bo

    2010-01-01

    In this article, I argue that the security and development nexus takes on specific forms depending on the context, and that in Cape Town’s coloured townships it is embodied in policies and practices around what has come to be known as the ‘war on gangs’. Furthermore, the war on gangs in Cape Town...... ‘differentiated citizenship’. Such differentiated citizenship is opposed to the universal inclusivity promised by post-apartheid South Africa. By exploring the specific merging of security and development in the Capetonian war on gangs as compared to counterinsurgency and the subsequent reconfiguration of...... citizenship, I am able to address a central question: How — and with what consequences — does power maintain itself when faced with an onslaught from those that it restricts to the margins of institutions and social life?...

  19. Resilience and social costs: centralised towns vs. distributed settlements?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendriksen, Kåre

    for subsistence catching and local fishery used for exports. During the last generation a decoupling between settlement and trade has evolved. The paper will discuss which factors are decisive for the utilization of the trade opportunities at the local level. Cost reductions seen from a private business...... and the national economy and are less expensive concerning government spending than e.g. larger towns. The local potentials and not least the social and economic costs of a fast centralization process are often not taken into account. Historical the location of settlements is generally based on the possibilities...... perspective has become more dominant in the last decades rather than societies’ economic benefit. Consequently e.g. the processing of shrimps and fish (that amount to the great majority of the export) has been moved to countries with less labor costs than Greenland. This development tend to conflict...

  20. 41 CFR 102-173.55 - What is the naming convention for Cities and Townships?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...; (iii) Charleston-wv.gov; (iv) Townofdumfries-va.gov; and (v) Detroitmi.gov. (2) GSA reserves the right... TELECOMMUNICATIONS 173-INTERNET GOV DOMAIN Registration § 102-173.55 What is the naming convention for Cities and Townships? (a) To register any second-level domain within dot-gov, City (town) governments must register...

  1. Jutustuse ja romaani vahel: Elisabeth Aspe linn. Between a story and a novel : Elisabeth Aspe’ s town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elle-Mari Talivee

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The following article analyses the description of towns in the short novels of Elisabeth Aspe: Kasuõde (Stepsister, 1887, Ennosaare Ain (Ain From Ennosaare Farm, 1888, Anna Dorothea (1891 and Aastate pärast (After Many Years, 1910. Aspe (1860–1927, one of the first Estonian female writers and an early realist, lived on the town border of Pärnu in south-west Estonia. During this historically interesting period, towns grew rapidly, but the ideology initiated by the national awakening movement concentrated on the idea of a nation being tightly bound to the countryside. Aspe’s works are like a litmus test of her time, and were influenced by German authors (Ottilie Wildermuth, W. Heimburg and Eugenie Marlitt, as well as by the Estonian national awakening period. Her first (epistolary novel is based on a pure opposition between the city and the country; in her later novels, the emphasis has changed: the contrasts are suddenly more ambivalent. One possible explanation is the impelling emergence of city thematics, and the early city novel replacing the village story – a process that began in Estonian literature at that time – resulting in a more complicated picture than a simple black-and-white opposition. This was a period of mapping, describing and exploring the townscape with curiosity and eagerness; also, it was a period of warning social criticism. For example, Eduard Vilde wrote a novel about factories consuming their workers, and men from country villages coming to a town. It was also a time of a fight for Estonia’s own town space, persuading the Estonian reader that he/she had the same right to live in towns, and even to govern towns, as the existing upper classes from other nationalities. In Ain From Ennosaare Farm, the protagonist has a double Estonian- German identity, belonging simultaneously to the town and to the countryside; finally, he acknowledges his ethnic origin. Throughout Aspe’s novels, the word “city” has a

  2. Cities and Children: the challenge of urbanisation in Tanzania

    OpenAIRE

    United Nations Children’s Fund

    2012-01-01

    Cities are becoming home to a growing proportion of Africa’s children. In Tanzania, already one in four lives in an urban centre – and many more will in coming years. Within the short span of a generation, more than one-third of Tanzania’s children will be raised in a city or town. Growing up urban can offer these children the chance for a brighter future, or the grim conditions in which so many are now living in the sprawling cities of the continent. Increasingly urban Tanzan...

  3. Cathair Luimnig agus an tSionainn - Abainn na Mainistreac cun tosaig, ??ire [Limerick City and Shannon with River Abbey in foreground, Ireland

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Postcard. Colour aerial photograph of Limerick City and Shannon and Abbey rivers. Printed on reverse "The Shannon and its arm, the Abbey river, divide Limerick City into three districts, connected by four bridges. on King's Island (Inis Ubhain) is English Town which together with Irish Town on the southern bank formaed the old city. Newtown Pery is the principal residential and commercial part. Thomondgate and Lansdowne suburbs are on the Clare side of the Shannon. in the foreground of this v...

  4. 76 FR 21741 - Twenty-First Century Communications and Video Programming Accessibility Act; Announcement of Town...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-18

    ... COMMISSION Twenty-First Century Communications and Video Programming Accessibility Act; Announcement of Town... Programming Accessibility Act (the Act or CVAA) hosted by the California State University at Northridge (CSUN... and video programming changes required by the Act. DATES: The Town Hall meeting was held on...

  5. Homogenisation processes and local effects on avifaunal composition in Italian towns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorace, Alberto; Gustin, Marco

    2008-01-01

    We tested whether urbanization homogenizes breeding bird communities. We compared the similarity of breeding bird communities among different urban sectors: town centres, inner periphery, outer periphery and scarcely built areas, at regional and local scale in 26 Italian towns. If urbanization causes homogenisation, the similarity of bird communities between different towns should be higher in the more urbanised sectors. We obtained data on presence of bird species in each square of the grid of urban atlases. We used the frequency of each species in each urban sector to calculate a similarity index. The similarity of the avifauna between towns was lowest in scarcely built areas and highest in the inner periphery. For each urban sector, the similarity indices between towns were negatively correlated with differences in both latitude and altitude between towns. The values of regression coefficient increased from the centre to the less urbanised sectors although the scarcely built area did not show the highest values. The frequency of a specialist group, the Mediterranean species, was negatively correlated with latitude only in the least urbanised sector. These results indicate that urbanization promotes homogenisation of biological communities. However, the similarity of avifauna between sectors in each town was higher than the similarity between different towns for the same sector. These and other findings suggest that local factors play an important role for the composition of urban bird communities.

  6. Scale-free Structure of Town Road Network in Southern Jiangsu Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    From the viewpoint of Graph Theory this paper builds a town road network graph of regional scale, and proposes numerical vertex degree (Di), rank vertex degree (Dr) and population size vertex degree (Dp) on the base of vertex degree (D). Then the indicators of Di, Dr, Dp and mathematical statistics methods are applied to investigating scale-free structure of town road networks in the southern Jiangsu Province. The results show that the distribution of Di does not exhibit scale-free properties, but Dr and Dp do. Additionally the correlation coefficient between Dp and Di is only 0.569, but the spatial correlation between Dp and Dr is very evident on the base of correlation analysis and spatial analysis of GIS. The mutual mechanism between Dp and Dr spatially represents a "Core-Belt" model of town development of regional scale. The town development model is open and clustered, and beneficial to both economic development and ecological protection. And then we suggest that Suzhou City, Wuxi City, Changzhou City and Wujin City control towns' high-density pattern by conducting centralization and consolidation policies, and properly controlling and planning higher rank roads; whereas Nanjing City, Zhenjiang City, Jintan City and Liyang City must strengthen the development of towns along higher rank roads.

  7. Model cities

    OpenAIRE

    M Batty

    2007-01-01

    The term ?model? is now central to our thinking about how weunderstand and design cities. We suggest a variety of ways inwhich we use ?models?, linking these ideas to Abercrombie?sexposition of Town and Country Planning which represented thestate of the art fifty years ago. Here we focus on using models asphysical representations of the city, tracing the development ofsymbolic models where the focus is on simulating how functiongenerates form, to iconic models where the focus is on representi...

  8. Urbanismo vs urbanización: distintas modalidades de hacer ciudad. / Town planning versus urbanization. Different ways of doing city.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cardenas Jirón, Luz Alicia

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available El Plan Regulador Comunal es el instrumento normativo de planeación urbanística chilena, cuya formulación pretende regular en el ámbito comunal básicamente los siguientes aspectos: los usos de suelo, las condiciones de edificación y subdivisión del suelo, la red vial estructurante y los limites urbanos.Se cree que este instrumento es imperfecto toda vez que no incorpora en la normativa una dimensión clave del urbanismo: la morfología urbana, entendida como el sistema espacial tridimensional de la ciudad. Por el contrario, el análisis empírico demuestra que factores como la forma urbana son respuestas del libre juego de fuerzas económicas y sociales modeladoras del espacio. En consecuencia, lo que domina es un patrón de urbanización en vez de un proyecto de urbanismo; las cuales son modalidades muy distintas de hacer ciudad.Este articulo pretende demostrar que la forma urbana, derivada de la aplicación del instrumento normativo en una comuna perimetral metropolitana como es Maipú, es uno de los impactos no previstos por el Plan Regulador, pero que podría incorporarse en un nuevo instrumento de planificación urbana./ Metropolitan Santiago is one of the many Latin American cities which has been developed according to a spread model of urbanisation. This pattern has caused at least two types of consequences: economic and physical ones. The former is shown in the speculation of land value at the rural fringe of the metropolitan area which has low prices, these have suddenly increased after the normative changes in the land use, from rural to urban. The later shows location of massive low-income housing and commercial malls regardless connection to the urban fabric and spatial shaping of the existing city. This results in a chaotic urban form resembling a "patchwork".This paper reviews the scope of a Chilean policy instrument called "Plan Regulador" used to control physical urban growth, particularly sprawled on the fringe of the

  9. 76 FR 13642 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-14

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for... announcing a public meeting entitled ``Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and...-6664 and request the group rate for the ``Food & Drug Administration Town Hall Meeting'' room...

  10. 76 FR 6476 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-04

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for... announcing a public meeting entitled ``Town Hall Discussion with the Director of the Center for Devices and..., CDRH held three Town Hall meetings in Minneapolis, MN; Boston, MA; and Los Angeles, CA to provide...

  11. 76 FR 41804 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-15

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for... announcing a public meeting entitled ``Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and... accommodations should call 650- 589-3400 and request the group rate for the ``FDA/CDRH Town Hall Meeting''...

  12. Town mouse or country mouse: identifying a town dislocation effect in Chinese urbanization.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fei Wang

    Full Text Available Understanding urbanization and evaluating its impact are vital for formulating global sustainable development. The results obtained from evaluating the impact of urbanization, however, depend on the kind of measurement used. With the goal of increasing our understanding of the impact of urbanization, we developed direct and indirect subjective indicators to measure how people assess their living situation. The survey revealed that the projected endorsements and perceived social ambiance of people toward living in different types of settlements did not improve along with the urbanization level in China. The assessment scores from the city dwellers were not significantly different from those from the country areas and, more surprisingly, both were significantly higher than the assessment scores of the town dwellers, which we had expected to fall between the assessment scores of the country and city dwellers. Instead their scores were the lowest. We dubbed this V-shaped relationship the "town dislocation effect." When searching for a potential explanation for this effect, we found additional town dislocation effects in social support, loss aversion, and receptivity toward genetically modified food. Further analysis showed that only social support mediated the relationship between the three tiers of settlements (cities, country areas, and towns and the subjective indicator. The projected endorsements yielded significant subjective assessments that could enhance our understanding of Chinese urbanization. Towns posed specific problems that require special attention.

  13. City, ICT and Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Galit Cohen; Peter Nijkamp

    2004-01-01

    New technologies tend to exert a profound influence on modern city life. This paper addresses the role of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the city. After a broad overview of the potential of ICT in a geographical setting and its possible impact on urban policy in regard to the ICT sector, the paper focusses attention on urban public policy in regard to the ICT sector. This study offers the proposition that urban ICT policy is driven by the stakeholders attitudinal and perc...

  14. Cities and Skills

    OpenAIRE

    Glaeser, Edward L.; Mare, David C.

    1994-01-01

    This paper examines the productivity (and wage) gains from locating in dense, urban environments. We distinguish between three potential explanations of why firms are willing to pay urban workers more: (1) the urban wage premium is spurious and is the result of omitted ability measures, (2) the urban wage premium works because cities enhance productivity and (3) the urban wage premium is the result of faster skill accumulation in cities. Using a combination of standard regressions, individual...

  15. Study of City Landscape Heritage Using Lidar Data and 3d-City Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubinowicz, P.; Czynska, K.

    2015-04-01

    In contemporary town planning protection of urban landscape is a significant issue. It regards especially those cities, where urban structures are the result of ages of evolution and layering of historical development process. Specific panoramas and other strategic views with historic city dominants can be an important part of the cultural heritage and genius loci. Other hand, protection of such expositions introduces limitations for future based city development. Digital Earth observation techniques creates new possibilities for more accurate urban studies, monitoring of urbanization processes and measuring of city landscape parameters. The paper examines possibilities of application of Lidar data and digital 3D-city models for: a) evaluation of strategic city views, b) mapping landscape absorption limits, and c) determination protection zones, where the urbanization and buildings height should be limited. In reference to this goal, the paper introduces a method of computational analysis of the city landscape called Visual Protection Surface (VPS). The method allows to emulate a virtual surface above the city including protection of a selected strategic views. The surface defines maximum height of buildings in such a way, that no new facility can be seen in any of selected views. The research includes also analyses of the quality of simulations according the form and precision of the input data: airborne Lidar / DSM model and more advanced 3D-city models (incl. semantic of the geometry, like in CityGML format). The outcome can be a support for professional planning of tall building development. Application of VPS method have been prepared by a computer program developed by the authors (C++). Simulations were carried out on an example of the city of Dresden.

  16. Innovacionnye centry kak tochki rosta dlja malyh gorodov i sel'skoj mestnosti [Innovation centres as growth points for smaller towns and rural areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belova Anna

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the role of innovative centres in the development of surrounding areas beyond large cities. At the same time, the innovative development of rural areas should be of a composite nature; municipality development strategies take innovations into account. International practices serve as a an argument in favour of establishing innovative centres in smaller and medium-sized towns in order to facilitate the socioeconomic development of the territory and surrounding rural areas. Science parks created in smaller towns give a boost to socioeconomic development. The authors analyse the case of the science park in the town of Gusev in the Kaliningrad region and emphasise the role of development and adoption of legal acts at regional and municipal levels, for example, the law «On the production policy of the Kaliningrad region».

  17. The socio-economic and spatial transformation of Polish cities after 1989

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerzy J. Parysek

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present the socio-economic and spatial transformation of Polish cities after 1989. The Polish changes reached the structures of the three basic subsystems of the state: political (power, social (society, and economic (the economy. The systemic transformation that has taken place in Poland after 1989 is most readily visible in towns, although it was introduced in the country as a whole. For the development and transforma-tion of towns, the most important were the introduction of local government structures and the market model of the economy. The restitution of local government has ensured towns an authentic manager authorised to perform his function by the local community. The in-troduction of the market model to the economy has resulted in its privatisation and the ap-pearance of enterprise and competition. Towns, especially the biggest cities, have become attractive locations for investment. Cities with a balanced economic structure and well-de-veloped infrastructure had much better chances for growth to start with. Unfortunately, the transformation period has also had some detrimental effects, the most important being un-employment and all kinds of social deviance. However, Polish cities are certainly different today and resemble Western cities to a greater extent than did the so-called socialist towns built along theoretically beautiful but practically ineffectual ideological lines.

  18. “Trench Town Rock”: Reggae Music, Landscape Inscription, and the Making of Place in Kingston, Jamaica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevon Rhiney

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines place inscriptions in Trench Town, Jamaica, and explores the ways these are used to reinforce, shape, or challenge dominant images of this inner-city community. On one hand, Trench Town is like many of its neighbouring communities, characterised by high levels of poverty, unemployment, political and gang violence, derelict buildings, and overcrowded homes. On the other hand, Trench Town is iconic and unique as it is recognised worldwide for being the birth place of reggae music and home to a number of well-known reggae artists including reggae superstar Bob Marley. Today, Trench Town’s landscape is filled with inscriptions reminiscent of its rich cultural past. Linked to this is a conscious effort by its residents to identify themselves with reggae music and to recapture and sustain the positive legacies that have made the community popular. This is manifested in the numerous murals, statues, and graffiti seen throughout the community evoking past images of reggae music icons such as Marley and Tosh alongside renowned black leaders such as Marcus Garvey. These inscriptions are conceived as texts and are seen as part of a broader discourse on issues relating to urban spatial identity, commoditisation, exclusion, struggle, resistance, and change.

  19. Founding a Green Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JING XIAOLEI

    2010-01-01

    @@ Awalk inside the Guangzhou Asian Games Town,where the event's prized Asian Games Town Gymnasium,Athletes' Village and Media Village can be lound,will have any visitor marveling at the structures and architectural styles within.What's most impressive about this part of Guangzhou,Guangdong Province,is not what's in the town,but what's missing from it.Even the most observant visitor will be hard pressed to find a single garbage truck,or garbage can for that matter,inside the town's perimeter.

  20. 桐乡市洲泉镇9000例已婚妇女宫颈癌筛查分析%Analysis of 9 000 cases of married women for cervical cancer screening in Zhouquan town of Tongxiang city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范利梅; 俞翠芳

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解桐乡市洲泉镇所辖地区已婚妇女宫颈上皮内瘤样病变(CIN)的患病情况,为制定干预措施提供依据。方法:调查桐乡市洲泉镇经液基细胞学检查的已婚妇女9000例,采用TBS细胞学诊断标准;并对液基细胞学检查有异常者行阴道镜下宫颈活组织检查。结果:液基细胞学检查异常301例;阴道镜下宫颈活组织检查261例,诊断CIN 68例(26.15%),占液基细胞学结果异常者22.59%,其中CIN Ⅰ38例,CIN Ⅱ18例,CIN Ⅲ12例;原位癌1例,早期浸润癌0。结论:桐乡市洲泉镇所辖已婚妇女CIN的患病率0.76%,早期对CIN干预和治疗可有效降低宫颈癌的发生率。%Objective:To understand married women for cervical cancer screening in Zhouquan town of Tongxiang city,to provide the basis for the intervention measures.Methods:Investigating 9 000 cases of liquid based cytology for married women of in Zhouquan town of Tongxiang city,using standard cytological diagnosis of TBS,and liquid-based cytology abnormalities underwent colposcopy cervical biopsy.Results:301 cases of abnormal liquid based cytology,colposcopic cervical biopsy tissue was examined in 261 cases,the diagnosis of CIN in 68 cases(26.15%),accounting for liquid based cytology results abnormal 22.59%,of which 38 cases of CIN Ⅰ,CIN Ⅱ in 18 cases,CIN Ⅲ in 12 cases,orthotopic carcinoma in 1 cases and early invasive carcinoma in 0 cases. Conclusion:Zhouquan town of Tongxiang city of the prevalence of CIN in married women was 0.76% .Early intervention and treatment for CIN can effectively reduce the incidence of cervical cancer.

  1. Good Times and Bad Times for Retail Trade Markets in Illinois Towns: An Evaluation of Reilly's Law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crihfield, John B.

    1991-01-01

    Community planners in Illinois use computer software to conduct retail trade market analyses based on Reilly's Law. Market boundaries are determined using the population of the town and neighboring town, and the distance between the two towns. The simple indices implied by Reilly's Law do not offer reliable guidance to planners. (KS)

  2. A university, community coalition, and town partnership to promote walking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Sarah F; Williams, Joel E; Hickman, Powell; Kirchner, Amber; Spitler, Hugh

    2011-01-01

    Less than half of all US adults report meeting physical activity recommendations of 30 minutes or more of moderate to vigorous physical activity on at least 5 days per week. Thus, community-wide ecological initiatives are needed to create environments that support incorporating physical activity into residents' daily lives. In this article we describe an ongoing collaborative service-learning partnership between Clemson University, a community coalition, and a neighboring small rural town to address local social and physical environment supports for walking. Years 1 to 3 of this collaborative initiative were evaluated using a mixed-method approach to assess physical environment changes, social environment changes, community perceptions of support for walking, community perceptions of collaborating with university students, and students' skill development. Results revealed several key environmental changes such as mapping and marking 3 walking trails in the community, development of broad marketing efforts linked to the trails that promote community health and heritage, and annual community events to promote walking and the newly developed walking trails. Interview data with community leaders identified several key themes critical to facilitating and enhancing our university and community collaboration. Lastly, students developed skills in developing partnerships, mapping, advocacy, event planning, critical reflection, and qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis. Through this process community members and students learn evidence-based public health skills for using data and planning frameworks to guide local initiatives, engage community members in decision making, and conducting evaluations. PMID:21617413

  3. Characterization of Wastewater in Rajouri Town, Jammu And Kashmir, India

    OpenAIRE

    Zishan Aslam; Yawar Mushtaq Raina

    2015-01-01

    Water exaggerated physically, chemically as well as biologically is known as wastewater. Thrown away process of solid waste and its treatment has been the foremost environmental setback for most of the cities in India especially in rural area. To make people aware about the level of contaminants in wastewater and to suggest the ways of treatment of wastewater which will result in disposing off of domestic effluents without any danger to human health, a study on characteristics of ...

  4. Detection and Solution of Indoor Air Quality Problems in a Danish Town Hall

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hyldgård, Carl-Erik; Brohus, Henrik

    In connection with the research programme "Healthy Buildings", a building with indoor air quality problems was selected for further investigations. A Danish town hall was chosen because of many complaints over several years. A full-scale mock-up of a typical town hall office was built in the...... climate laboratory. A new heating and ventilating system and a new control strategy were chosen and implemented into the town hall. It was found that air supply upwards along a window may make it nearly impossible to achieve comfort and a good air quality the year round without full-scale measurements....

  5. "The Revealing Building" A New Cinema for Old Town

    OpenAIRE

    Switzer, Wayne Hawke

    2004-01-01

    Once a keystone for the city of Alexandria, the Old Town Cinema has lost its relevance and spirit. Unable to compete with the prevailing Cineplexes, the Old Town becomes a spectacle of the pornographic: baring all at once, substituting base desire for refined attraction. Out of this disenchantment, an idea for a new cinema emerges- the momentous Cinema. Moments which unfold frame by frame- nurturing anticipation, choreographing the perspectives that the Cineplex has abandoned. A plac...

  6. Empirical Analysis of Factors Influencing Surplus Labor Transfer in Poverty-stricken Areas: A Case Study of Yimatu Town in Fuxin City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    From the microscopic point of view,taking the surplus labor transfer in the Yimatu Town area as study object,we conduct survey of characteristics and transfer of rural surplus labor in Yimatu Town,through questionnaires and field interviews.Then we analyze the main factors influencing surplus labor transfer in rural areas from the personal characteristics of labor forces and family factor of labor forces.The results show that gender,age,educational level,farmland management days and other factors pertaining to the labor forces all affect the transfer of surplus labor, but the size and extent of the impact vary.In accordance with various influencing factors,we put forward recommendations for promoting the effective transfer of surplus labor in rural areas as follows:first,paying equal attention to macroscopic factors and microscopic factors influencing the transfer of surplus labor;second,focusing on the factors concerning the rural households and individual farmers,to find out the factors influencing the rational transfer;third,shifting the employment concept of surplus labor in rural areas;fourth,speeding up the construction of small towns and developing the secondary and tertiary industries.

  7. 重庆市典型城镇区地表径流污染特征%Pollution Characteristics of Surface Runoff of Typical Town in Chongqing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王龙涛; 段丙政; 赵建伟; 华玉妹; 朱端卫

    2015-01-01

    Six kinds of impermeable underlying surface, cement tile roof, asbestos roof, cement flat roof, residential concrete pavement, asphalt pavement of restaurants, asphalt pavement of oil depot, and a combined sewer overflow canal in the Jiansheng town of Dadukou district in Chongqing city were chosen as sample plots to study the characteristics of nutritional pollutants and heavy metals in town runoff. The research showed that the average mass concentrations of TSS,COD,TN,TP in road runoff were (1 681. 2 ± 677. 2), (1 154. 7 ± 415. 5),(12. 07 ± 2. 72),(3. 32 ± 1. 15) mg·L - 1 , respectively. These pollutants were higher than those in roof runoff which were (13. 3 ± 6. 5),(100. 4 ± 24. 8),(3. 58 ± 0. 70),(0. 10 ± 0. 02) mg·L - 1 , respectively. TDN accounted for 62. 60% ± 34. 38% of TN, and TDP accounted for 42. 22% ± 33. 94% of TP in the runoff of impermeable underlying surface. Compared with the central urban runoff, town runoff in our study had higher mass concentrations of these pollutants. The mass concentrations of TSS, COD, TDN, TN, TDP and TP in the combined sewer overflow were (281. 57 ± 308. 38),(231. 21 ± 42. 95),(8. 16 ± 2. 78),(10. 60 ± 3. 94),(0. 38 ± 0. 23)and(1. 51 ± 0. 75)mg·L - 1 , respectively. The average levels of heavy metals in this kind of runoff did not exceed the class Ⅵ level of the surface water environmental quality standard. Most pollutants in the combined sewer overflow had first flush. However, this phenomenon was very rare for TSS. There was a significant positive correlation between TSS and COD, TP in the combined sewer overflow. And this correlation was significant between NH +4 -N and TP, TDP, TN, TDP. However, a negative correlation existed between NO -3 -N and all other indicators.%以重庆大渡口区建胜镇为典型区域,选取水泥瓦屋顶、石棉瓦屋顶、水泥平屋顶、居民区水泥路面、餐饮沥青路面、油库沥青路面等不透水下垫面和附近一条合流制

  8. 温州市苍南县灵溪镇学龄前儿童膳食营养调查结果分析%Investigation on nutrition and health status of preschool children in Lingxi Town of Cangnan County in Wenzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志理; 陈廷瑞

    2014-01-01

    Objective To understand the nutrition and health status of preschool children in Lingxi town, Cangnan County in Wenzhou City, so as to give suggestions for interventions on reasonable dietary.Methods Nutrition survey including physical measurement evaluated according to the criteria suggested by WHO and dietary investigation was carried out in 2 218 preschool children aged 3 to 6 years.The prevalence of common diseases was counted.Results Intake of calcium, zinc and retinal was lower than 80% recommended daily allowances ( RDA ) .Intake of high-quality protein accounted 44.5% of total protein.The rates of underweight, stunting, wasting, overweight and obesity children were 0.99%, 0.99%, 0.81%, 8.48%and 6.99%, respectively.The rates of stunting and underweight children were significantly lower than those in 2008 (χ2 value was 5.327and 4.495, respectively, both P<0.05).The prevalences of anemia, rachitis, dental caries and low eyesight were 3.97% (88/2 218),0.18% (4/2 218), 82.10% (1 821/2 218) and 3.47%(77/2 218), respectively.Conclusion The health status and development is good, but the nutrients intake is insufficient.Guidance and supervision on nutrition provided by kindergartens should be strengthened.%目的:了解温州市苍南县灵溪镇学龄前儿童营养和健康状况,对制定合理膳食的干预措施提供参考。方法用记账法对2218例3~6岁的幼儿园儿童的膳食营养状况进行调查,根据WHO推荐的标准评价体格发育情况,统计常见病的患病率。结果儿童膳食营养素中,钙、锌、维生素A的每天平均摄入量不足每日推荐供给量( RDA)的80%,平均优质蛋白质的摄入量占总蛋白质摄入量的44.5%。儿童的低体重检出率为0.99%,发育迟缓率为0.99%,消瘦率为0.81%,超重率为8.48%,肥胖率为6.99%。与2008年全国营养调查结果相比,低体重率和发育迟缓率均明显降低(χ2值分别为5.327和4.495

  9. Tidal Marsh Inventory for York County Virginia and town of Poquoson

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This inventory report and marsh guidelines study will explain marsh vegetation types and their evaluation throughout York County Virginia and the town of Poquoson....

  10. The Place Marketing Concept of Rural Towns in Northern Sweden: What is the Unique Selling Point?

    OpenAIRE

    Kompaniets, Olga; Rauhut, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    The place marketing concept is one of the popular concepts to analyze and promote countries, regions, cities and towns. The intensification of competition for investment, tourism and human resources among European cities and towns has increased the importance of being unique. Consequently this has opened up the field for specialists in marketing and branding in terms of geographic, social, economic, political, cultural and historical and ethno-cultural development. Most of studies on place ma...

  11. Against the tide: climate change and high-risk cities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dodman, David

    2008-11-15

    In the world's poorest and most vulnerable nations, most cities and towns face a distinct dual pressure: rapidly growing population and high vulnerability to the impacts of climate change. Drought, storms, flooding and sea level rise are likely to hit hardest here. These in turn put water supplies, infrastructure, health and livelihoods at risk in the very cities already struggling to provide or safeguard such key needs. An effective response demands capable local and national government and support from strong international networks in building capacity to cope. Most of the Least Developed Countries lack both.

  12. Smart city – future city? smart city 20 as a livable city and future market

    CERN Document Server

    Etezadzadeh, Chirine

    2016-01-01

    The concept of a livable smart city presented in this book highlights the relevance of the functionality and integrated resilience of viable cities of the future. It critically examines the progressive digitalization that is taking place and identifies the revolutionized energy sector as the basis of urban life. The concept is based on people and their natural environment, resulting in a broader definition of sustainability and an expanded product theory. Smart City 2.0 offers its residents many opportunities and is an attractive future market for innovative products and services. However, it presents numerous challenges for stakeholders and product developers.

  13. Green Cities : Cities and Climate Change in Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2011-01-01

    Urban sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Brazilian cities are growing. At the national level, the dominance of greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation in Brazil masks the fact that emissions from other sectors, like Energy, Transport and Waste, are growing quite rapidly in cities. Compared to other cities around the world, Brazilian cities have low per capita GHG emissions be...

  14. Things from the Town. Artefacts and Inhabitants in Viking-age Kaupang

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    The third volume covering the excavations of 1998–2003 in the Viking-period town of Kaupang examines a range of artefacts and discusses the inhabitants of the town: their origins, activities and trading connexions. Certain key threads from both this and the two previous volumes in the series are drawn together. The main categories of artefact are metal jewellery and ornaments, gemstones, vessel glass, pottery, finds of soapstone, whetstones and textile-production equipment. The artefacts are ...

  15. The Bright Lights Grow Fainter - livelihoods, migration and a small town in Zimbabwe

    OpenAIRE

    Andersson, Agnes

    2002-01-01

    The Aids pandemic and structural adjustment policies (SAP) have had effects on lower income households in Zimbabwe which have been devastating and people have been required to adapt their livelihood strategies. Small towns meahnwhile are growing rapidly in Zimbabwe and mobility towards these towns may be connected with the changes being forged by SAP on the economic landscape. This study seeks to establish how the individual migrant uses mobility tot negotiate this landscape. This involves mo...

  16. Medieval town - fortress of Zvecan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Božović Ružica

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is concerned with phenomenon of medieval town- fortress of Zvecan through examining (1 the town planning and spatial organization within the town, (2 its physical structure, (3 conception of medieval design and construction of Zvecan, (4 medieval instinct for correlation of shapes within the town and correlation of Zvecan and its surrounding, (5 comparison of Zvecan with medieval towns in the region and beyond. This medieval town as a whole was the expression of medieval characteristics with its spatial organization and with its own individuality. Zvecan emerged from the then contemporary circumstances and necessities. This research is focused toward finding construction principles of medieval town Zvecan which are timeless and unique to all town constructions.

  17. SOME ECONOMIC AND ECOLOGIC ASPECTS OF WASTE MANAGEMENT IN A MIDDLE SIZED TOWN

    OpenAIRE

    Florin Dumescu; Ladislau Klein; Dana Danoiu

    2013-01-01

    Regulations of the European Union establish for local authorities obligations concerning waste management inside their area of competence. Carrying out these obligations need to connect result in economic and municipal fields to those in environment protection. After a short presentation of these obligations the paper contains a study of waste management in Lipova, a middle sized town in Arad County, Romania. The study is focused mainly on the waste dump of the town, which is planned to be...

  18. Evaluating tsunami risk perception and preparedness of people and institutions in the town of Siracusa, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaniboni, Filippo; Tinti, Stefano; Grancher, Delphine; Goeldner-Gianella, Lydie; Lavigne, Franck; Evans, Manon; Brunstein, Daniel

    2016-04-01

    The eastern coast of Sicily is characterized by high population density, with three main cities (Messina, Catania and Siracusa) and many other touristic and industrial poles. At the same time, many possible sources of hazard exist in the area, from the highest volcano in Europe (Mt. Etna) to the several faults existing both inland and offshore in the Ionian Sea, and to the Hyblaean-Malta Escarpment running parallel to the coast close to the shoreline, incised by several scars and canyons. Seismic and tsunami catalogues account for such an intense activity, with some major events causing several damages and casualties, the main of which being the 1693 (Augusta) and 1908 (Messina) earthquakes and consequent tsunami. For such reasons the area of Siracusa and its surroundings was chosen as one of the test sites of the EU Project ASTARTE - Assessment, STrategy And Risk Reduction for Tsunamis in Europe (Grant 603839, 7th FP, ENV.2013.6.4-3), investigating many aspects of tsunami hazard, vulnerability and risk along the coasts of Europe. One of the main aims of the project is to assess the perception and preparedness of people and local authorities to natural hazards, with particular attention to tsunamis, in the test sites. This task was performed by realizing a questionnaire, subdivided into some sections, each one estimating a particular aspect: from the relation of the interviewed person with the site, to his/her perception of the risk and reaction in case of alert, to the knowledge of warning systems and evacuation procedures. The questions were submitted to local people and tourists in the town center of Siracusa, and also provided to delegates of local authorities, such as municipality and Civil Protection Department. The questionnaire results show a very low level of awareness of the risk connected to tsunamis, which is surprising if one considers the relatively recent catastrophic event of Messina, involving the whole eastern coast of Sicily. On the other hand

  19. Waste assimilative capacity of coastal waters along Mumbai mega city, west coast of India using MIKE-21 and WASP simulation models.

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Renjith, V.; Vethamony, P.; Zainudin, Z.; VinodKumar, K.

    Coastal waters are the ultimate receivers of the organic waste materials generated by upstream cities and towns. This waste can cause dissolved oxygen depletion due to increased oxygen demand, affecting the natural ability of water bodies...

  20. Possibilities and limitations of territorial cooperation among Serbian and European towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tošić Branka

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the significant European aims of the process of intra-continental integration, as well as the role of the urban centers in its transregional cooperation. Although the process of transborder cooperation of towns exists also in other parts of the world, the roots of that complex form of cooperation appeared rather early in Western Europe. The area of Central Europe, especially the politically unstable southeastern part of the continent, are considerably late in this process. Serbia, especially its western and southern parts, is even more late in transborder regional cooperation of towns. The paper emphasizes that towns of Serbia, as development carriers with their intellectual potentials, have to express the ideas on starting the international actions. The possibilities are extensive: activation of neglected cooperation relations, improvement of technological and economical development, modernization of infrastructural systems, cooperation in culture, education, sports and recreation, environmental protection, etc. Towns need to find the ways for all kinds of cooperation with surrounding towns, if such cooperation gives the results which are favourable for both parties. Isolation from the world courses would lead to long-term stagnation. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 176017

  1. Brewery in the city, the city in the brewery - architectural and urban redevelopment of a brewery in Znojmo

    OpenAIRE

    Pončík, Martin

    2012-01-01

    The solved site is located in the historic town of Znojmo, on the site of the former castle. Its unique position not only adds significant urban areas, but are an integral part of the city skyline. There is one of the most important monuments in the country, Rotunda of St. Catherine (annually visited by tourists to 20000) and former brewery Hostan. The operation ended here and the city bought the land with buildings. There is now the question of what to do with the place and where to get fund...

  2. The impact of the Ignalina NPP and Visaginas town on the economy of the region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present article is devoted to the influence of Visaginas town and Ignalina NPP on economy in the surrounding region. Preliminary the region includes the Ignalina and Zarasai administrative districts. However, these boundaries are relative. The analysis of the influence of Visaginas town and Ignalina NPP on the economy in the region revealed that such an influence exists, however, it is not as distinct as could have been expected from the town of such size. The influence on economy of the region includes influence on markets of economic resources (labour force and real estate markets were analyzed), influence on consumption market, influence on industries and services (the appearance of new manufacturing enterprises in the town itself, where, excluding the NPP, the economic sector is rather poorly developed, and the impact of the town on the enterprises of considered region were analyzed) and the influence on conditions for investment in the region. After the building Ignalina NPP and Visaginas the distribution of surrounding forests into protective categories has changed. The Ignalina NPP and Visaginas directly posses 1250 ha of forests. The influence of the town and Ignalina NPP on the enterprises of industry of considered region is important because Visaginas serving as a good market for various manufacturing enterprises makes it possible for them to maintain a certain economic level and have better profits. This aspect is extremely important for food and light industries. The extraction and building industry as well as many other branches of industries were most highly influenced during the building works of NPP. At present the building works meet only the current requirements of NPP and so they are not very intensive. The influence on consumption markets is more noticeable. With the building of Visaginas town consumption market of the region increased more than three times. The demand in the region increased as well as supply. The incomes of people in the

  3. The Nature of Society: Enmapping Nature, Space and Society into a Town-green Hybrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louis Rice

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes the transformation of derelict land into a 'town-green' and the role legislation played in transforming social and natural relationships. Town-green denotes a legal status under the Great Britain Commons Act (2006 that protects certain open spaces from building development; the status requires that a space must simultaneously have a specific social quality (i.e. 'town-ness' and a specific natural quality (i.e. 'green-ness'. This hybrid condition requires an alliance between society and nature in a certain configuration (referred to here as nature2 and society2. In this empirical study it involved the participation and consensus of local residents, volunteer gardeners as well as nature itself; flowers needed to bloom and grass had to grow in order for the hybrid town-green status to be conferred. There are two distinct phases of this transformation; the first is the change in identities and configuration of the constituents of town and green. This involved the production of a modified 'real' world with: different plants and flowers; reconfigured spatial arrangements; as well as different social actors. The second phase is a shift from changes in the "real" world towards an 'enmap' - a displacement of myriad actors into documentation. This transfer from a complex messy reality into an enmap permitted the legitimation of the new network to be accepted as a 'town-green'. What the research reveals, other than hints for gardeners and community activists, is how material and non-material; social and natural; spatial, discursive and temporal worlds are hybridised.

  4. Efforts to Promote Surakarta and Makassar as Children Friendly Towns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moh Ilham A. Hamudy

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This study is about child-friendly city (KLA. This research is motivated by the lack of attention of the local government in protecting children and the issuance of Law No. 35 of 2014 on Protection of Children, which mandates local government obligations in the care of the child. This study sought to describe the various efforts made by the government of Surakarta and Makassar in realizing the KLA, the following supporting factors and obstacles surrounding the KLA embodiment. By using descriptive method and combine it with a qualitative approach, this study found some important points about the efforts of local governments in realizing the KLA. In Surakarta, for example, there have been several child-friendly community health centers (puskesmas. The Puskesmas is equipped with a private lounge complete with a children’s playground. In addition, services for children such as nutrition garden, corner of breast milk, pediatrician, child counseling services and a child abuse victim services also continue to be equipped, and many other programs. No wonder the Ministry of Women Empowerment and Child Protection Republic of Indonesia assessment scoring 713 from a total value of 31 indicators contained in the KLA who had filled the city of Surakarta. Meanwhile, Makassar City has not done a lot of local government programs, because the relatively new Makassar proclaimed KLA and is still central to reform. Among the new programs are being implemented and the Government of Makassar is giving birth certificate free of charge, to build flats in slums, and make the two villages as a pilot project KLA. The factors that affect the embodiment of the KLA it is a commitment. Not only the commitment of the head region, but also all relevant parties. As a cross cutting issue, the KLA also requires institutional capacity. Not only is the capacity of Women Empowerment and Child Protection Agency as a leading sector in the KLA, but also all work units other related

  5. Research on the Present Situation and Countermeasures of Sustainable Development of Rural Library--Taking the Rural Library in Xiying Town Xiangyuan County Changzhi City as an Example%农家书屋可持续发展现状与对策研究--以长治市襄垣县西营镇农家书屋为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李常亮

    2015-01-01

    Rural library is a cultural project benefiting the farmers implemented by the country to re⁃solve the difficulty of reading books and newspaper and borrowing books for the rural people. This paper combined with the development status of rural library in Xiying Town, Xiangyuan County, analyzed the problems existed in rural library and put forward some countermeasures of rural library’s sustainable de⁃velopment.%农家书屋是国家为解决农村群众看书难、看报难,借书难问题而推行的一项文化惠民工程,本文结合襄垣县西营镇农家书屋的发展现状,分析了农家书屋存在的问题,提出了农家书屋可持续发展的对策。

  6. Kuldiga Old Town in Venta River Valley – Problems and Experience to Preserve Cultural and Natural Heritage

    OpenAIRE

    Jākobsone, J

    2010-01-01

    The development of a town is a continuous process; plans and concepts are changed, but substantial is the common idea of development and its compliance with the ongoing processes. It is written in the development programme of the Kuldīga town that the development strategy of Kuldīga is “[..] to preserve its unique cultural heritage – the complex of old town and nature [..]”. Planning the development of the Kuldīga old town must envisage preservation of the cultural and nature heritage. Sustai...

  7. Quality of Life and Attractiveness of Small Towns: A Comparison of France and Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kwiatek-Sołtys Agnieszka

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays the issue of the quality of life tends to be more and more important for the attractiveness of spaces in the context of increasing commuting and social demand for a good living environment. Small towns are often seen as places where “the living is easy” and social ties are dense. They are therefore a good basis for analysing the quality of life. This is a transversal and complex notion which is not always easy to define. This paper is based on surveys conducted in small Polish and French towns in order to analyse perceptions of the quality of life by both their inhabitants and local leaders, and their potential place in the attractiveness of small towns.

  8. Cities, connections and cronyism

    OpenAIRE

    John Quiggin

    2006-01-01

    Recent developments in the global system of cities present a curious paradox. With the cost of communications declining almost to zero and substantial, though less dramatic reductions in transport costs, there is now little technical requirement for most kinds of production to be undertaken in any particular location, or for elements of production chains to be located close to each other. This fact has had dramatic consequences for the organisation of manufacturing industry. Simple production...

  9. Cultural diversity, cities and innovation: firm effects or city effects?

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Neil

    2013-01-01

    Growing cultural diversity is seen as important for innovation. Research has focused on two potential mechanisms: a firm effect, with diversity at the firm level improving knowledge sourcing or ideas generation, and a city effect, where diverse cities helping firms innovate. This paper uses a dataset of over 2,000 UK SMEs to test between these two. Controlling for firm characteristics, city characteristics and firm and city diversity, there is strong evidence for the firm effect. Firms with a...

  10. Safety Assessment of Heavy Metal in Tea Garden Soil: A Case Study of Specialized Tea Towns in Guangdong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qiushuang; WANG; Caijin; LING; Shumei; LIU; Junxi; CAO; Jinsong; ZHANG; Chaoyi; ZHAO

    2013-01-01

    More than 20 soil samples were collected from tea gardens of specialized tea towns in Guangdong,including Fenglang Town and Fengshun Town in Meizhou City,Changshan Town in Lianjiang City,Fenghuang Town in Chaozhou City.Content of 6 types of heavy metal (Cr,Cu,Pb,As,Cd,Hg) in tea garden soil was measured.On the basis of these,the safety was assessed.Results show that the comprehensive pollution index of these 6 types of heavy metal is lower than 0.7.According to Soil Pollution Grading Standard formulated by China Green Food Development Center,the soil is not polluted by heavy metal and remains at safety level.It proves that overall soil condition of specialized tea gardens in Guangdong Province is not polluted by heavy metal.

  11. Planning regulations in the USA and their implications on urban design in the central city zone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinić Milena

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available At the beginning of the 20th century, urban planning of the American cities was founded on the strong capitalist system and vast available land area. After a long period of planning, which was suited for the use of automobiles, nowadays the deficiencies both in the urban structure and social sphere are very obvious. Modern planning is striving to prescribe guidelines for urban design and thus create a continuity of cityscape and emphasize the pedestrian character of the area, particularly in central city zones. Town planning in the USA comprises local regulations which are suited to the needs of individual cities. Particularly important are the implications which certain town planning regulations have on the design of physical structures in the central city zone, which is the research goal of this paper.

  12. Community Development Training Manual for North Dakota City Auditors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Patricia Lee, Comp.

    This publication is directed toward city auditors in North Dakota's "small towns" where the city auditor is either a volunteer or a very limited part-time position. Duties and responsibilities of the North Dakota city auditor as provided by statute are outlined. These topics are covered: the office and general duties of city auditor; official…

  13. The Impact of Densification by Means of Informal Shacks in the Backyards of Low-Cost Houses on the Environment and Service Delivery in Cape Town, South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Thashlin Govender; Barnes, Jo M.; Clarissa H. Pieper

    2011-01-01

    This paper investigates the state-sponsored low cost housing provided to previously disadvantaged communities in the City of Cape Town. The strain imposed on municipal services by informal densification of unofficial backyard shacks was found to create unintended public health risks. Four subsidized low-cost housing communities were selected within the City of Cape Town in this cross-sectional survey. Data was obtained from 1080 persons with a response rate of 100%. Illegal electrical connect...

  14. Fiumicino: New Port City and Gateway of Rome Fiumicino: nuova città portuale e porta di Roma

    OpenAIRE

    Luciano Fonti; Diana Masiello; Clorinda Pagano

    2009-01-01

    The municipality of Fiumicino, indipendent of Rome since 1992, plays two important roles in regional planning: it can be considered both an autonomous town and a satellite city of Rome. Because of its recent history, actually Fiumicino’s territory still presents the outskirts characteristics (many residential areas, lack of important public and private services, low quality of buildings and public spaces, inadequate infrastructures) and not the shape of an independent town, although...

  15. New Mexico Ghost Towns

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data provides locations and non-spatial attributes of many ghost towns in the State of New Mexico, compiled from various sources. Locations provided with...

  16. Common Sense Parenting of Toddlers and Preschoolers. A Girls and Boys Town Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, Bridget A.; York, Steven M.

    Based on the view that parents need to balance nurturing behaviors that demonstrate love and affection with the discipline that children need in order to learn and thrive, this book presents the Common Sense Parenting program from Girls and Boys Town as adapted for parents of toddlers and preschoolers. Offering logical techniques and foundations…

  17. City project and public space

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    The book aims at nurturing theoretic reflection on the city and the territory and working out and applying methods and techniques for improving our physical and social landscapes. The main issue is developed around the projectual dimension, with the objective of visualising both the city and the territory from a particular viewpoint, which singles out the territorial dimension as the city’s space of communication and negotiation. Issues that characterise the dynamics of city development will be faced, such as the new, fresh relations between urban societies and physical space, the right to the city, urban equity, the project for the physical city as a means to reveal civitas, signs of new social cohesiveness, the sense of contemporary public space and the sustainability of urban development. Authors have been invited to explore topics that feature a pluralism of disciplinary contributions studying formal and informal practices on the project for the city and seeking conceptual and operative categories capab...

  18. Living & Working on Sheppey/ Back and Forth on High Street Blue Town

    OpenAIRE

    Hatton, Peter; Lyon, Dawn; Strangleman, Tim; Crow, Graham; Hurkett, Jenny; Arundell, C.; Murray, Val; Pilling, Lynn

    2011-01-01

    The starting point for this project was revisiting the social research undertaken (and archived) by Ray Pahl and his team in the late 70s early 80s published in “Divisions of Labour” (1984). The project team for Living and Working on Sheppey includes Tea, academics from the University of Kent, and the University of Southampton, the UK Data Archive and the community group, Remember BlueTown, whose members are also involved in the Blue Town Heritage Centre. The context was an exploration o...

  19. 75 FR 24718 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for...) is announcing a public meeting entitled ``Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center...

  20. 75 FR 40844 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for... announcing a public meeting entitled: ``Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices...

  1. 75 FR 21006 - Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for... announcing a public meeting entitled: ``Town Hall Discussion With the Director of the Center for Devices...

  2. An epidemiological survey of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease in Sahafa Town, Sudan.

    OpenAIRE

    Ibrahim-Khalil, S; Elhag, M; Ali, E.; Mahgoub, F; Hakiem, S; Omer, N; Shafie, S; Mahgoub, E

    1992-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to determine the prevalence of rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease and to initiate a programme of secondary prophylaxis in Sahafa Town, Sudan. DESIGN--The study was a prospective case finding survey, carried out by a specially trained team headed by a cardiologist. SETTING--The study involved high risk school children (5-15 years of age) from Sahafa Town in the period 1986-1989. SUBJECTS--A total of 13,332 children on the school registers (7892 boys and 54...

  3. City Branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trads, Søren Frimann; Stigel, Jørgen

    2006-01-01

    Succesful corporate branding requires that questions related to communication, publicity, and organizational structures are adressed. An uncritical adoption of approaches known from tradition product branding will inevitable give problems as the properties of tangible commodities and services with...... potential visitors, problems seem to multiply in what has becom known as city branding. This analysis of the communicational aspects of two Danish provincial towns´ branding efforts examines both their internally and externally directed communication. It demonstrates that an insufficient understanding of...... - or willingness to face - these differences will inevitably hamper such branding efforts because of the consequential inconsistencies. Finally, paths to more effective city branding are indicated...

  4. Yellowcake and crocodiles: town planning, government and society in northern Australia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the first detailed study of the controversial modern settlement of mining families in Australia's Northern Territory Uranium Province. The new uranium town of Jabiru, set in the world famous Kakadu National Park, is the focus of the book which provides an analysis of the important contradictions inherent in resources development today - mining, environmental conservation and Aboriginal rights

  5. Evaluation of performance of master plan of Binalood new town (Population, Housing, Employment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Varesi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Extended abstract1- Introduction As a direct result of migrations rising and population growth, particularly in developing and undeveloped countries, the population of cities was increased. Different results and problems such as density, pollution, unemployment, housing shortage and urban services, have been caused by the fast population growth across the developing countries during last three decades (Atash & Shirazi Beheshtiha, 1998:1. First and foremost, developing of living in cities following with its special problems has necessitated finding some solutions in order to optimize citizen’s life (Zarabi & Ghanbari, 2010: 1. In the majority of historical periods, from the first civilization, new towns havebeen built across the world (B, Leonard; 1993:23. Construction of new towns in Iran could be surveyed before and after the revolution (Ziari; 2006:412. In this article will be tried to investigate the success degree and performance of new town’s master plan of Binalood.2- MethodologyThe descriptive- analytical method has been used in this research. The main aim of this survey is the evaluation of implementation degree of master plan of new town of Binalood. This new town is located 55 Km away of western south of Mashhad and it has been built in order to absorb Mashhad’s extra population. 3- DiscussionThe master plan of Binalood was approved by the law established the Supreme Council of Architecture, in 2002.2.28 (International magazine of Asian economic; 2009: 7. In follow, implementation of four main factors of this master plan will be evaluated the population, employment, housing and land uses of Binalood new town. 3-1- Evaluation of population implementation degree of townAlthough, this new town was anticipated to populate from the year 2003 in order to residence, it had not any population till 2005 and from this time onward, it has started to populate, related to elementary conditions and its population reached to 264 persons, at the

  6. Pricing landfill externalities: Emissions and disamenity costs in Cape Town, South Africa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: → The paper estimates landfill externalities associated with emissions, disamenities and transport. → Transport externalities vary from 24.22 to 31.42 Rands per tonne. → Costs of emissions (estimated using benefits transfer) vary from 0.07 to 28.91 Rands per tonne. → Disamenities (estimated using hedonic pricing) vary from 0.00 to 57.46 Rands per tonne. → Overall, external costs for urban landfills exceed those of a regional landfill. - Abstract: The external (environmental and social) costs of landfilling (e.g. emissions to air, soil and water; and 'disamenities' such as odours and pests) are difficult to quantify in monetary terms, and are therefore not generally reflected in waste disposal charges or taken into account in decision making regarding waste management options. This results in a bias against alternatives such as recycling, which may be more expensive than landfilling from a purely financial perspective, but preferable from an environmental and social perspective. There is therefore a need to quantify external costs in monetary terms, so that different disposal options can be compared on the basis of their overall costs to society (financial plus external costs). This study attempts to estimate the external costs of landfilling in the City of Cape Town for different scenarios, using the benefits transfer method (for emissions) and the hedonic pricing method (for disamenities). Both methods (in particular the process of transferring and adjusting estimates from one study site to another) are described in detail, allowing the procedures to be replicated elsewhere. The results show that external costs are currently R111 (in South African Rands, or approximately US$16) per tonne of waste, although these could decline under a scenario in which energy is recovered, or in which the existing urban landfills are replaced with a new regional landfill.

  7. Magical Landscapes and Designed Cities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raahauge, Kirsten Marie

    2008-01-01

    “something special,” a feel-good, (almost spiritual) healing power (just moments away from the bustling city). In Melanesia, such a spiritual force goes by the name of “mana”. Århus’ mana landscapes are only invested with this huge, floating quality because they are near the city. Furthermore, they are seen...... from the point of view of the city, where order, design, planning and commerce are important cityscape qualities. The article deals with the way in which these two parts of the city, landscape and brandscape are complementary parts of the city-web. Analytical points made by Mauss, Lévi-Strauss and...... Greimas are discussed in connection with the empirical setting of the city of Århus...

  8. Epidemiology of bronchial asthma and diabetes mellitus in children and teenagers of Ozyorsk town situated in the area of mayak nuclear enter-prise supervision zone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The epidemiology of bronchial asthma and diabetes mellitus in children and teenagers living in Ozyorsk town, which is situated in Mayak nuclear enterprise supervision zone, was studied. By the medical and statistical data in Ozyorsk for the studying forms of multifactorial diseases the trends to the increase both for primary incidence and prevalence were marked. By using the genetic and epidemiological analysis we marked the higher ratio of accumulated incidence as a probability to fall ill with multifactorial diseases (bronchial asthma and diabetes mellitus) in population of Ozyorsk city till 20 years old in comparison with Moscow population

  9. Smart Cities and Sustainability Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena BATAGAN

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In our age cities are complex systems and we can say systems of systems. Today locality is the result of using information and communication technologies in all departments of our life, but in future all cities must to use smart systems for improve quality of life and on the other hand for sustainable development. The smart systems make daily activities more easily, efficiently and represent a real support for sustainable city development. This paper analysis the sus-tainable development and identified the key elements of future smart cities.

  10. 解析新型城镇化背景下的镇中心区规划--以中山市板芙镇新中心区规划为例%Analysis on the Central Town Planning under the Background of New Urbanization--Taking New Central District Planning of Banfu Town, Zhongshan City as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱建武

    2014-01-01

    新型城镇化是以城乡统筹、城乡一体、产城互动、节约集约、生态宜居、和谐发展为基本特征的城镇化,是大中小城市、小城镇、新型农村社区协调发展、互促共进的城镇化。做好镇级中心区规划,将会对城乡一体化起到至关重要的作用。%New urbanization is the urbanization with essential features of urban-rural development balance, urban-rural inte-gration, production and city’s interaction, saving and intensive, ecological and livable and developing harmoniously. With it, cities, smal towns and new- type rural communities develop harmoniously and promote each others. It wil play a crucial role in urban and rural integration to complete the township central planning.

  11. 基于列斐伏尔空间生产理论下的城市消费空间差异化分析--以磁器口古镇与重庆新天地为例%Analysis of Spatial Difference of City Consumption under the Lefebvre Space Production Theory--Taking Ciqikou Town and Chongqing New World as Examples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贵体进

    2014-01-01

    Through the analysis of the differences and reasons of consumption space between the core business district of Ci-qikou town and the Chongqing World Leisure Business Distr-ict, the paper reveals spatial elements: the effect elements of space and the basic elements of space, and shows that the con-sumption space differences is the comprehensive results of ma-terial characteristic, social characteristic and effect characteri-stics.%本文通过分析磁器口核心商业区以及重庆天地休闲商业区消费空间的差异和原因,揭示了影响空间的要素:空间的基本要素和空间的效应要素,揭示了消费空间差异性是物质特性、社会特性与效应特性的综合结果。

  12. Marriage and the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gautier, Pieter; Svarer, Michael; Teulings, Coen

    Do people move to cities because of marriage market considerations? In cities singles can meet more potential partners than in rural areas. Singles are therefore prepared to pay a premium in terms of higher housing prices. Once married, the marriage market benefits disappear while the housing...

  13. Poverty and psychological health among AIDS-orphaned children in Cape Town, South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Cluver, L.; Gardner, Frances; Operario, Don

    2009-01-01

    Abstract This study examined associations between AIDS-orphanhood status, poverty indicators, and psychological problems (depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress, peer problems, delinquency, conduct problems) among children and adolescents in townships surrounding Cape Town, South Africa. One thousand and twenty-five children and adolescents completed standardized and culturally sensitive cross-sectional surveys. Children orphaned by AIDS had more psychological problems includin...

  14. Heavy and toxic metals in the waste from some industrial facilities in the town of Skopje, Republic of Macedonia

    OpenAIRE

    Lepitkova, Sonja; BOEV, BLAZO

    1999-01-01

    This paper presents the results of several months' investigations carried out on the heavy metals and toxic metals in waste waters from the town of Skopje that flow into the River Vardar. The results discovered increased amounts of arsenic, manganese and silver in the waste waters that come from the activities in industrial facilities located in and around the town

  15. For Kota and Kampong: The Emergence of Town Planning as a Discipline

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roosmalen, P.K.M. van

    2008-01-01

    This chapter, an abridged version of Van Roosmalen's dissertation, describes the development and professionalization of Dutch Indian (Indische) town planning between 1905 and 1950, the simultaneous modernisation of the Dutch East Indies and the emergence of modern day Indonesia. A Dutch version of

  16. For Kota and Kampong: The Emergence of Town Planning as a Discipline

    OpenAIRE

    Roosmalen, P.K.M. van

    2008-01-01

    This chapter, an abridged version of Van Roosmalen's dissertation, describes the development and professionalization of Dutch Indian (Indische) town planning between 1905 and 1950, the simultaneous modernisation of the Dutch East Indies and the emergence of modern day Indonesia. A Dutch version of the chapter was published in 2004 ('Voor kota en kampong. Het ontstaan van een stedenbouwkundige discipline')

  17. Azanian: Zandi Zwane Talks about Being Black, Lesbian, and Activist in Cape Town

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaught, Sabina

    2006-01-01

    Zandi Zwane is a media activist and educator living and working in Cape Town, South Africa. She identifies herself as Black, Nguni, lesbian, female--and "Azanian: a term that was created in pre-colonial times by the members of the Black Consciousness Movement in resistance to colonialism." In this interview, Zwane explores the intersectionality of…

  18. Teaching Medieval Towns: Group Exercises, Individual Presentations and Self-Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roach, Andrew; Gunn, Vicky

    2002-01-01

    Examines the use of innovative collaborative small group activities in a Medieval History undergraduate honors course. Discusses student evaluations and feedback from a focus group to investigate the use of group exercises that involve the construction of three-dimensional models of medieval towns and the use of self-assessment. (Author/LRW)

  19. Options for Water, Energy and Chemical Savings for Finitex, Cape Town

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schneider, Zsig; Wenzel, Henrik

    An analysis of the options identified for saving of water, energy and chemicals was conducted at Finitex, Cape Town on the 18th October 2002. Cost savings were calculated from an estimation of the reduction in cost of water, energy and chemical usage associated with various interventions. Capital...

  20. 75 FR 47488 - FM Table of Allotments, Boulder Town, Levan, Mount Pleasant, and Richfield, UT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... proposed transmitter site was unavailable due to its location in a national forest. See 71 FR 29886 (May 24..., Report and Order, 71 FR 76208 (December 20, 2006). The CDBS will reflect Channel 229C at Mount Pleasant... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 73 FM Table of Allotments, Boulder Town, Levan, Mount Pleasant, and Richfield,...

  1. Physicochemical and morphological soils’ properties of the technozone of Kremenchuk town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. I. Saranenko

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Natural soil cover has been removed or changed by overconsolidation and agitation of almost all layers of the soil profile at the most part of the technozone of Kremenchuk town. The content of anthropogenic inclusions makes up 25-50 %. On the basis of obtained data and using classification of urban soils the subtypes of existing soils are represented.

  2. Cities and Climate Change : An Urgent Agenda

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2010-01-01

    The report discusses the link between climate change and cities, why cities should be concerned about climate change and adopt early preventative policies, and how the World Bank and other organizations can provide further support to cities on climate change issues. The report is one in a series of activities that explore the nexus of cities and climate change. This report, cities and clim...

  3. A Fisheries Evaluation of the Westside Ditch and Town Canal Fish Screening Facilities, Spring 1990.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neitzel, Duane A.; Abernethy, C. Scott; Hartenson, Gregg A.

    1990-11-01

    The Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) evaluated the effectiveness of new fish screening facilities in the Westside Ditch and Town Canal, near Ellensburg, in south-central Washington State. At the Town Canal, we estimated that 0.3% of steelhead Oncorhynchus mykiss smolts released during tests were significantly descaled. The time required for 50% of the fish in the two steelhead test groups to exit from the Town Screens forebay ranged from 12 h to >85 h. Integrity tests at the Town Screens indicated that none of the rainbow trout fry released in front of the rotary drum screens passed through the screens, although 8.5% of the native zero-age chinook salmon fry diverted from the river into the screening facility were lost through the screens. At the Westside Screens, 16.8% of native zero-age chinook salmon fry passed through the screens. Most of the chinook salmon lost through the screens were small, <36 mm long. The methods used in 1990 were first used at the Sunnyside Screens in 1985. These methods were used again in subsequent years in tests at the Richland, Toppenish/Satus, Wapato, and Toppenish Creek screens. The methods used from 1985 through 1989 have been reviewed by the Washington State Department of Fisheries, US Fish and Wildlife Service, National Marine Fisheries Service, Northwest Power Planning Council, and Yakima Indian Nation. 14 refs., 12 figs., 7 tabs.

  4. Tromso as a "Sami Town"?--Language Ideologies, Attitudes, and Debates Surrounding Bilingual Language Policies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiss, Florian

    2013-01-01

    The study focuses on local people's expressions of attitudes and ideologies in the light of proposed Sami-Norwegian bilingual policies in their Northern Norwegian hometown. The local politicians' plan to introduce the bilingual regulations of an "administrative area for the Sami language" in the town of Tromso encountered conflicting language…

  5. Geothermal heat supply for the towns of Erding (Germany) and Creteil (France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butuzov, V. A.

    2011-01-01

    The existing geothermal heat supply systems used in the town of Erding (Germany) and Creteil (France) are described. It is pointed out that the existing 30-MW geothermal heat supply system of Erding has prospects for extending it to a capacity of 63 MW.

  6. Globalization : Countries, Cities and Multinationals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    McCann, Philip; Acs, Zoltan J.

    2011-01-01

    McCann P. and Acs Z. J. Globalization: countries, cities and multinationals, Regional Studies. This paper explores the relationship between the size of a country, the size of its cities, and the importance of economies of scale in the modern era of globalization. In order to do this, it integrates t

  7. Demographic changes of the Visaginas town

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The youngest Lithuanian town surrounded by pine forest is situated at the shore of a picturesque lake of Visaginas. The level of radiation of the town and its suburbs doesn't prevail the standards due to the data given by the Lithuanian Department of Environmental Protection. A relatively small, hilly, green, full of lakes areas have all facilities for tourism and recreation. The town's birth is directly linked with the construction of the nuclear power plant. Great number of nuclear energy specialists came here with their families from the East. The specific character of the town determined the ethnic composition of its population. In 1994-1995 there were Russians (59%), Lithuanians (14%), Byelorussian s (11%), Poles (6%), other nationalities (10%). The number of the residents in Visaginas is stable now with a slight tendency of increasing on the number of women. In 1990 the population of Visaginas was 33192, the women comprised 566 more in number than the men, in 1997 of its 33508 people were 1172 more women than the men. Recent Lithuanian social-economic changes greatly influenced the number of inhabitants of the town. In 1987, 3567 new inhabitants arrived to Visaginas and 1588 moved out. The inhabitants who had arrived to Visaginas in 1987 -1996 were 5,5 times less than in 1987, and moved out 5,4 times less also. One half of the inhabitants who moved from Visaginas went abroad. It shows that the mechanic and social mobility of the town's population decreased too. From 1989 to 1996 the main factor in changing the population number was not the natural increase of it but its migration. Then the natural increase lowered 4,8 times. The economic situation of the town is complex and becoming worse. The town was built as a satellite of the power plant. When the construction of the third block was stopped, the building of many objects was not completed. Other industries didn't develop in Visaginas. Most unemployed are the inhabitants at the age of 19-49 (87,9%). The

  8. Infant mortality rates and structure in a town near a nuclear power enterprise

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper is devoted to analysis of the rates and structure of mortality of infants aged under 1 in a town, situated near a nuclear power enterprise (NPE). Altogether 38124 infants born in 1950-1978, were investigated. The dead infants (1160) were divided into 3 groups with relation to their parents' place of work: 1 - infants whose parents worked in the NPE; 2 - infants whose parents worked in town factories and offices; 3 - all infants in the town. The total doses of γ-irradiation for mothers were 10-400 cSv, those for fathers - 30-520 cSv, intrauterine irradiation of a fetus was 0.5-0.55 cSv. The individual effective equivalent dose of irradiation of the residents of the town was 17.3 cSv over 40 years. Occupational γ-irradiation of the parents at doses exceeding the maximum permissible ones in the first 10 years of work at the NPE made no effect on the mortality rates in infants of the first generation

  9. Human diffusion and city influence

    CERN Document Server

    Lenormand, Maxime; Tugores, Antònia; Ramasco, José J

    2015-01-01

    Cities are characterized by concentrating population, economic activity and services. However, not all cities are equal and hierarchy in terms of influence at local, regional or global scales naturally emerges. Traditionally, there have been important efforts to describe this hierarchy by indirect measures such the sharing of company headquarters, traffic by air, train or boats or economical exchanges. In this work, we take a different approach and introduce a method that uses geolocated Twitter information to quantify the impact of cities on rural or other urban areas. Since geolocated tweets are becoming a global phenomenon, the method can be applied at a world-wide scale. We focus on $58$ cities and analyze the mobility patterns of people after visiting them for the first time. Cities such as Rome and Paris appear consistently as those with largest area covered by Twitter users after their visit and as those attracting visitors most diverse in origin. The study is also performed discerning users mobility b...

  10. The social and cultural impact of tourism development on world heritage sites: a case of the Old Town of Lijiang, China, 2000-2004

    OpenAIRE

    T. Yamamura; Zhang, T. X.; Fujiki, Y.

    2006-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to clarify the spatial and social impact on a city caused by its being registered as a World Heritage Site and its transformation into a tourist destination. As part of an investigation of the problems related to rapid development of tourism and its pressures on World Heritage Sites, this study attempted to clarify the issues facing the tourist industry at the Old Town of Lijiang, Yunnan Province, China, a World Heritage Site, by focusing on the tourist shops th...

  11. Environmental issues of an intermediate city

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Our urban centers present a unique dimension of environmental problems. They are at one and the same time, enormous consumers of natural resources and produces of waste and pollution. In this respect intermediate cities and small towns appear to be more vulnerable to natural catastrophes and ecological accidents caused by human factors. While in large cities there exist pressure groups which attain government attention for the solution of their problems and have well equipped municipalities. However, a vast majority of the population lives in rural areas and depends upon medium sized cities and towns for access to services. These cities and towns form the pivot of economic, social, cultural and political life for a large part of the population. Therefore, it deserves more attention than bigger ones. This paper explores local people perception about urban environmental problems exist in the city. Attempts are also made to shape and guide municipality efforts to overcome such problems with available resources. (author)

  12. Navigating Rules and Wills: Healthcare and Social Protection in a Bosnian Border Town

    OpenAIRE

    Brkovic, Carna

    2012-01-01

    This thesis follows a variety of practices in the field of social and health protection in Bijeljina, a border town in Bosnia and Herzegovina, where I completed a year of fieldwork during 2009 and 2010. I explored how people gained access to public services and provisions, and also considered how they pursued social and healthcare protection beyond state-funded institutions. Throughout the thesis, I treat these practices as a form of navigation through what I refer to as social and political ...

  13. Natural radioactivity and indoor radiation measurements in buildings and building materials in Gobichettipalayam town

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Samples of natural and manufactured building materials used by the people of Gobichettipalayam town have been analyzed for 226Ra, 232Th and 40K using gamma-ray spectrometry. Radium equivalent activity of the materials has been measured using the formula given by OECD and the geometric mean value of sand, clay and cements are found to be 53.53 Bq x kg-1, 89.09 Bq x kg-1 and 72.25 Bq x kg-1, respectively. The radium equivalent activities obtained in the building materials are all well below the acceptable limit. The indoor gamma-dose has been measured using thermoluminescence dosimeters and it was found in the range of 1051.2-3946.0 μGy/year. The annual effective indoor gamma radiation dose to the people of Gobichettipalayam town has been found to be 0.8 mSv/y. (author)

  14. CONSUMER PERCEPTIONS AND PREFERENCES OF MEAT TYPES IN HARAR AND HARAMAYA TOWNS, ETHIOPIA

    OpenAIRE

    Tsegay Teklebrhan

    2012-01-01

    A study was conducted to investigate the acceptability and preference of meat in Harar and Haramaya towns. The study was carried out from January to March, 2012. One hundred twenty (120) questionnaires were randomly distributed, completed and retrieved for analysis. The results showed that gender had no effect on livestock meat consumption. However, religious had impact on the types of meat consumption. Accordingly, pork was not consumed by both Muslim and Christian, camel meat was consumed b...

  15. School farming and school feeding in Nakuru town, Kenya: practice and potential

    OpenAIRE

    Foeken, D.W.J.; Owuor, S.O.; Mwangi, A.M.

    2007-01-01

    Most research on urban agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa has concentrated on farming by individual urban households, while farming by urban institutions has been largely overlooked. Probably the most prevalent and important type of institutional urban agriculture is school farming, the focus of this paper. The authors examine school farming and school feeding in Nakuru town in Kenya on the basis of a survey among primary and secondary schools carried out in June 2006. A largely structured que...

  16. Thirty years history of Daeduk Science Town

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book records the history of Daeduk science town for 30 years, which includes plan of construction and selection of location like background of construction and general idea of construction, transition of basic plan to construct Daeduk science town such as change of promotion organization and plan, and establishment of construction general planning, building base for town like land, infrastructure, and measures to control speculative investment, construction and present situation of moving into the science town, management of Daeduk science town, public welfare for researchers, and fruit and image of the future of the town.

  17. Diagnosis of solid waste management in the town of Campo Bom - RS

    OpenAIRE

    Karin Luise dos Santos; Roberto Naime

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses the main items currently subject to recycling in Brazil to make a diagnosis on the management of domestic solid waste in the city of Campo Bom, in the catchment of the river valley of Sinos. The city of Campo Bom is neighboring the town of Novo Hamburgo. The survey is based on data supplied by the local administration COOLABORE (Cooperative Urban Cleaning and Construction). cooperative scavengers or environmental agents in the city and visits to Central treatment of house...

  18. Autonomy and interdependence: beliefs of Brazilian mothers from state capitals and small towns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieira, Mauro Luis; Seidl-de-Moura, Maria Lucia; Macarini, Samira Mafioletti; Martins, Gabriela Dal Forno; Lordelo, Eulina da Rocha; Tokumaru, Rosana Suemi; Oliva, Angela Donate

    2010-11-01

    This study aimed to investigate characteristics of Brazilian mothers' beliefs system, in the dimensions of autonomy and interdependence. A group of 600 women, half from state capitals and half from small towns, participated in the study. They were individually interviewed with Scales of Allocentrism, Beliefs about Parental Practices and Socialization Goals. Paired and Independent samples t tests and Multivariate GLM were performed. The results indicate that although mothers from both contexts value autonomy, mothers inhabiting small towns considered the relational dimension as the most important; whereas mothers inhabiting capitals valued equally both dimensions, either in their beliefs about practices or in the socialization goals for their children. Mothers from small towns have a higher mean score for allocentrism than mothers living in capitals. Thus, place of residence proved to be a relevant variable in the modulation of maternal beliefs. Educational level was not a significant factor in the variables considered and with this group of mothers. The study results are discussed in terms of their contribution to the understanding of the complex relationship between dimensions of autonomy and interdependence in mothers' beliefs system. PMID:20977030

  19. Going to Town: Where Is the Nearest Steakhouse?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Growing up in Loretto, Tennessee, population 1,700, people called it "going to town" when they went to any city big enough to have a McDonald's, Walmart, or a movie theater. If someone is not from a small town, they may not know what type of economic activities a small town can support. Will the town have a police department? Will there be enough…

  20. A comparison study on the prevalence of obesity and its associated factors among city, township and rural area adults in China

    OpenAIRE

    Zou, Yan; Zhang, Ronghua; Zhou, Biao; Huang, Lichun; Chen, Jiang; Gu, Fang; Zhang, Hexiang; Fang, Yueqiang; Ding, Gangqiang

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To explore the association of dietary behaviour factors on obesity among city, township and rural area adults. Setting A stratified cluster sampling technique was employed in the present cross-sectional study. On the basis of socioeconomic characteristics, two cities, two townships and two residential villages were randomly selected where the investigation was conducted. Participants A total of 1770 city residents, 2071 town residents and 1736 rural area residents participated in t...

  1. Smart cities and sharing economy

    OpenAIRE

    GORI, Paula; Parcu, Pier Luigi; STASI, Maria Luisa

    2015-01-01

    The concepts of smart city and sharing economy are at the centre of a number of current debates, which touch upon, among others, issues like the current urbanisation trends, the particular economic situation we are facing in the last years, the spread of connectivity and of new technologies and the innovation process in general. This working paper looks at the different and common characteristics of both smart cities and sharing economy models, in order to explore their interaction and comple...

  2. School Violence in America's Cities: NLC Survey Overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arndt, Randolph C.

    This report offers a perspective on school violence and its pervasiveness as a local public-safety issue. It summarizes the responses of 700 cities and towns to a survey conducted by the National League of Cities (NLC) in 1994. Half of the nation's 200 largest cities responded, but the largest percentage of responses were from suburban and rural…

  3. 青岩古镇与丽江古城旅游发展方式比较研究%A Comparative Study on the Developing Styles of Qingyan Ancient Town and Lijiang Old Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程质彬

    2014-01-01

    丽江古城与青岩古镇在资源方面有很多类似之处,丽江古城旅游发展的成功经验对青岩古镇旅游发展有一定的借鉴意义。从资源状况、产业链发展、管理方式三方面,对青岩古镇与丽江古城的发展方式进行比较研究,提出青岩古镇旅游发展需采用营造古镇氛围,开发一体化区域经济,联动发展文化产业,完善基础设施,招商引资和引进人才等措施。%The old town of Lijiang and Qingyan ancient town have some similarities in tourism resources, so Qingyan ancient town can learn some successful developing experience from the old town of Lijiang. The developing styles of Qingyan ancient town and Lijiang old town are compared in this paper in the aspects of resources, the chain of tourism industry, management of the two places. And some suggestions are put forward, namely creating the atmosphere of the ancient town, regional integration development, joint development with culture industry, improving the infrastructure, attracting investments and the introduction of talents.

  4. City of Bitola – destination for cultural tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Angelkova, Tanja; Dimitrov, Nikola; Josheski, Dushko

    2014-01-01

    Bitola is a major city in the country with several millennium long history. It is a city in which occurred undreds of important historical events, like it was a town center of provinces, many important historical figures lived or resided within the city, he city and its cultural - historical heritage successfully managed.In Bitola, today, are the most important cultural - historical monuments, events and ambient parts. City Bitola successfully promote its cultural - historical heritage and cu...

  5. City Walks and Tactile Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mădălina Diaconu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is an attempt to develop categories of the pedestrian’s tactile and kinaesthetic experience of the city. The beginning emphasizes the haptic qualities of surfaces and textures, which can be “palpated” visually or experienced by walking. Also the lived city is three-dimensional; its corporeal depth is discussed here in relation to the invisible sewers, protuberant profiles, and the formal diversity of roofscapes. A central role is ascribed in the present analysis to the formal similarities between the representation of the city by walking through it and the representation of the tactile form of objects. Additional aspects of the “tactile” experience of the city in a broad sense concern the feeling of their rhythms and the exposure to weather conditions. Finally, several aspects of contingency converge in the visible age of architectural works, which record traces of individual and collective histories.

  6. The Representation of the Hungarian Towns in Domenico Zenoi's and Paolo Forlani's Cartographic Work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Béla Szalai

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the mid-16th century Venice was the European center of cartography. The two most distinguished representatives of the Venetian school of cartography, which included their close collaborators, Natale Bonifacio and Martin Rota Kolunic from Šibenik in Dalmatia, were Domenico Zenoi and Paolo Forlani. The study deals with their cartographic and publishing activity, their relationship and rivalry within the context of the Venetian cartographic production and analyzes in detail their engravings of the Hungarian towns at the time of the Ottoman conquests, including the siege and the fall of the fortress Sziget during the command of Nikola Šubić Zrinyi. The analysis is based on the five extant copies of Zenoi's and Forlani's collections of views, two of which have been unknown until discovered by the author in the Budapest National Library.Keywords: Cartography; Venice; Zenoi; Forlani; Hungarian towns; Ottoman conquests

  7. Global cities and cultural experimentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rojas Gaviria, Pilar; Emontspool, Julie

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Studying the cultural dynamics of expatriate amateur theater in Brussels, this paper investigates multicultural marketplace development in contemporary global cities. Design/methodology/approach: The paper performs an interpretive analysis of the expatriate amateur scene in Brussels from...... marketing research, providing original insights into market dynamics and cultural experimentation in multicultural environments....... an ethnographic perspective, combining observations of rehearsals and performances, in-depth interviews with actors, directors and audience, and secondary data. Findings: The fluidity of global cities allows their inhabitants to engage in collective creative processes of cultural experimentation...... to the important role of global cities for cultural experimentation. Such cities are not only an interesting market for culturally diverse products, but also learning hubs. Managers willing to address multicultural marketplaces might target these markets with dynamic cultural offers that ensure a...

  8. Substance use, gender inequity, violence and sexual risk among couples in Cape Town

    OpenAIRE

    Wendee M. Wechsberg; Myers, Bronwyn; Reed, Elizabeth; Carney, Tara; Emanuel, Andrea; Browne, Felicia A

    2013-01-01

    Alcohol and other drug use, gender power inequities, and violence are key contributors to sexual risks for HIV among South African men and women. Little is known about the intersection of these sex-risk behaviours among couples in established heterosexual relationships. We conducted 10 focus groups discussions with men and women in relationships of one year or longer recruited from shebeens (informal taverns)in Cape Town, South Africa. Participants described high levels of alcohol consumption...

  9. Physico-chemical and bacteriological quality assessment of shallow wells in Kitui town, Kenya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romulus Abila

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Kitui town, a small but fast growing town in arid south-eastern Kenya faces unreliable water supply and residents are highly dependent on shallow wells as the main source of water for domestic use. A study was carried out to assess the physical-chemical and bacteriological quality of water from shallow wells within the town’s main residential areas. 96 water samples were collected from 8 main residential estates within the town between May and July 2011 and analysed for physical-chemical characteristics and bacterial quantity and species. Water analysis revealed presence of 9 pathogenic genera including Salmonella, Escherichia coli, Vibrio, Listeria, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Enterobacter, Klebsiella and Pseudomonas. Multiple-tube fermentation technique was used to enumerate coliform bacteria in water. Total aerobic bacterial load ranged from 3.70 x102 to 2.352 x103 CFU/ml. E. Coli was isolated from Majengo and Mjini estates only and the bacterial load estimated as 1.10 x102 CFU/ml and 0.20 x102 CFU/ml respectively while Salmonella sp. was isolated from water samples from Kunda Kindu, JICA and Mjini estates. Conductivity and pH levels were above World Health Organization acceptable levels for drinking water in all samples. All samples tested did not meet the WHO bacteriological standards for drinking water. The presence of Salmonella, Vibrio, Listeria and E. Coli should particularly raise serious public health concerns over the quality of the town’s shallow wells water. Intervention measures including creating awareness and educating residents on shallow well construction, citing and care, boiling of water and improving sanitation should be urgently instituted. There is also need to construct sewerage works for the rapidly expanding Kitui town to reduce incidences of contamination from septic tanks.

  10. Importance of planning and construction of the light rail systems for sustainable town development

    OpenAIRE

    Filipović Dejan; Obradović Danijela

    2005-01-01

    Increase of population and activities in towns, among other things, leads to traffic and transport problems. Discrepancy between citizen's needs and existing economy and functionality of public traffic systems leads to traffic jam, but also to negative effects to environment. In that situation private vehicle is not the best solution, because it emits great number of pollutants in the environment. As a product of the technological improvement in rail industry there have been created light rai...

  11. Socio-economic conditions, young men and violence in Cape Town

    OpenAIRE

    Kai Thaler

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the drivers of male perpetration of violence against adult family members and intimate partners in Cape Town, South Africa. Data on 1,369 young men from the Cape Area Panel Study are analyzed and significant causal pathways are examined for the full sample and for disaggregated samples of African and coloured respondents. Socioeconomic disadvantage plays a role in a culture of patriarchal violence, but its effects are largely mediated by behavioural factors such as routine...

  12. The socio-economic and spatial transformation of Polish cities after 1989

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerzy J. Parysek

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present the socio-economic and spatial transformation of Polishcities after 1989. The Polish changes reached the structures of the three basic subsystems ofthe state: political (power, social (society, and economic (the economy. The systemictransformation that has taken place in Poland after 1989 is most readily visible in towns,although it was introduced in the country as a whole. For the development and transformationof towns, the most important were the introduction of local government structures andthe market model of the economy. The restitution of local government has ensured townsan authentic manager authorised to perform his function by the local community. The introductionof the market model to the economy has resulted in its privatisation and the appearanceof enterprise and competition. Towns, especially the biggest cities, have becomeattractive locations for investment. Cities with a balanced economic structure and well-developedinfrastructure had much better chances for growth to start with. Unfortunately, thetransformation period has also had some detrimental effects, the most important being unemploymentand all kinds of social deviance. However, Polish cities are certainly differenttoday and resemble Western cities to a greater extent than did the so-called socialist townsbuilt along theoretically beautiful but practically ineffectual ideological lines.

  13. Torrential floods and town and country planning in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Ristić

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Torrential floods are the most frequent natural catastrophic events in Serbia, causing the loss of human lives and huge material damage, both in urban and rural areas. The analysis of the intra-annual distribution of maximal discharges aided in noticing that torrential floods have a seasonal character. The erosion and torrent control works (ETCWs in Serbia began at the end of the 19th century. Effective protection from torrential floods encompasses biotechnical works on the slopes in the watershed and technical works on the torrent beds, within a precisely defined administrative and spatial framework in order to achieve maximal safety for people and their property. Cooperation to overcome the conflicts between the sectors of the water resources management, forestry, agriculture, energetics, environmental protection and local economic development groups is indispensable at the following levels: policy, spatial planning, practice, investments and education. The lowest and most effective level is through the Plans for Announcement of Erosive Regions (PAERs and the Plans for Protection from Torrential Floods (PPTFs, with Hazard Zones (HZs and Threatened Areas (TAs mapping on the basis of the hydrologic, hydraulic and spatial analysis of the factors that are important for the formation of torrential floods. Solutions defined through PAERs and PPTFs have to be integrated into Spatial Plans at local and regional levels.

  14. Parental Investment, Club Membership, and Youth Sexual Risk Behavior in Cape Town

    OpenAIRE

    Camlin, Carol S.; Snow, Rachel C

    2008-01-01

    This study examines whether parental investment and membership in social clubs are associated with safer sexual behaviors among South African youth. Participants comprised 4,800 randomly selected adolescents age 14 to 22 living in the Cape Town area in 2002. Logistic regression was used to examine associations between measures of parental investment and associational membership with reported condom use at first and most recent sexual intercourse, net of effects of HIV knowledge, age, educatio...

  15. Use of Marketing Instruments in Development of towns and regions: Case Study Slovakia

    OpenAIRE

    Bucek, Milan; Paulickova, Renata

    2003-01-01

    It is possible to apply the marketing conception also by managing and developing towns. Marketing as a scientific discipline has started to apply in specific conditions of managing of the public sector in 1980s. The interest in this discipline in the conditions of the Slovak Republic ? young and accession country which is being prepared for the entry to the European structures ? has been caused particularly by two facts: transformation of proprietary relations and democratization of control p...

  16. Home Not Hospice, an integrated community for young and old in Old Town Alexandria, Virginia

    OpenAIRE

    Carpenter-Holmes, Arthur Alexander

    2001-01-01

    The following thesis presents the design for a housing complex. The complex provides homes for two different segments of our population: single families and older or disabled persons and couples. Located in Old Town Alexandria Virginia, the project sits on the banks of the Potomac River. The question of integration is central to this thesis. The first design challenge is to integrate the older persons and persons with disabilities into the community. Successfully done, this will prev...

  17. Cultivating authenticity : Perceptions of Zanzibari culture and history within the heritage management of Stone Town

    OpenAIRE

    Sjöstrand, Johan

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to acquire a deeper understanding of the relationship betweenheritage management, the tourism industry and perceptions of authenticity in the worldheritage site of Stone Town in Zanzibar, Tanzania. This is a case study within the field ofheritage studies with a focus on planning and the production of authenticity. In this study Iintend to shed light on the ideas and perceptions on authenticity that shapes the conservationand promotion of the world heritage of Stone T...

  18. Wage Survey of Road and Street Employees in Indiana Counties and Cities

    OpenAIRE

    HERPICC

    1988-01-01

    Wages, benefits and insurance plans for employee classifications common to road and street maintenance organizations are reported in this publication. The figures were obtained from a March 1988 questionnaire sent to all Indiana County Highway Departments and from the "Indiana Municipal Salaries, Wages and Fringe Benefits, 1988" published by the Indiana Association of Cities & Towns. The information in this publication is intended to assist the local road and street agencies in developing...

  19. SOME ECONOMIC AND ECOLOGIC ASPECTS OF WASTE MANAGEMENT IN A MIDDLE SIZED TOWN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin Dumescu

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Regulations of the European Union establish for local authorities obligations concerning waste management inside their area of competence. Carrying out these obligations need to connect result in economic and municipal fields to those in environment protection. After a short presentation of these obligations the paper contains a study of waste management in Lipova, a middle sized town in Arad County, Romania. The study is focused mainly on the waste dump of the town, which is planned to be shut down during the following years. This makes necessary to carry out preparing concerning waste management in the new conditions and also to assure environment protection on the actual emplacement after shutting down the existing dump.

  20. Desiring mobiles, desiring education: mobile phones and families in a rural Chinese Town

    OpenAIRE

    McDonald, T.

    2016-01-01

    This chapter draws on ethnographic data to examine the relationship between mobile communication technologies (especially mobile phones) and learning in a small rural town in north China. Building on a wide body of literature that emphasises the enduring importance of education within Chinese culture, this chapter demonstrates how contemporary attitudes towards learning become constructed and expressed through mobile phone use. The chapter illustrates how most rural parents regard mobile phon...

  1. Local Elites and Italian Town Planning Procedures in Early Colonial Tripoli (1911-1912)

    OpenAIRE

    Bocquet, Denis; Lafi, Nora

    2002-01-01

    International audience The object of this paper is an analysis of the issue of town planning during the first years of the Italian occupation of Libya. Based upon the archives of the presidency of the council of ministers in Rome and on local archives in Tripoli, the authors trace the rivalries between army engineers, civil engineers and the former ottoman municipality in the drawing of the first colonial masterplan of Tripoli. Cet article est consacré à une lecture des enjeux instituti...

  2. Fire Hydrants, Town of Payne City: Data set includes GPS collected locations of all fire hydrants within the city limits., Published in 2009, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Middle Georgia RC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Fire Hydrants dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2009. It is described as 'Town of Payne...

  3. Diurnal variations of airborne fungal spores concentration in the town and rural area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idalia Kasprzyk

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Airborne fungal spores were monitored in 2001-2002 in Rzeszów (town and its neighborhood. The aim of investigations was to ascertain if there were differences in diurnal variations of airborne fungal spores concentration between town and rural area. The sampling was carried out using volumetric method. Traps were located at the same heights - app. 12 m. Airborne spores were sampled continuously. Microscopical slides were prepared for each day. Analysis was carried out on one longitudinal band of 48 mm long divided into 24 segments corresponding following hours of day. The results were expressed as mean number of fungal spores per cubic meter per 24 hours. For this survey, five geni of allergenic fungi were selected: Alternaria, Botrytis, Cladosporium, Epicoccum, Ganoderma. The concentrations of their airborne spores were high or very high. It was calculated theoretical day, where the hourly count was the percentage mean of number of spores at that time every chosen day without rainfall from 2001 and 2001 years. The diurnal periodicity of Alternaria, Cladosporium, Epicoccum and Ganoderma showed one peak, while Botrytis two. Anamorphic spores peaked in the afternoon, while their minima occurred in the morning. The highest concentrations of Ganoderma basidiospores were at down or at night, but minima during the day. There were no clear differences in the peak values between two studied sites. The results indicate that maximum concentrations of all spores generally occurred a few hour earlier in the rural area than in the town. Probably, in the rural area airborne spores came from many local sources and their diurnal periodicity reflected rhythm of spore liberation. Towns are characterized by specific microclimate with higher temperature and wind blowing to the centre. In Rzeszów fungal spores could be transported outside and carried out by wind from distant sources. This study showed, among others, that habitat conditions are an important factors

  4. Housing Booms and City Centers

    OpenAIRE

    Edward L. Glaeser; Joshua D. Gottlieb; Kristina Tobio

    2012-01-01

    Popular discussions often treat the great housing boom of the 1996-2006 period as if it were a national phenomenon with similar impacts across locales, but across metropolitan areas, price growth was dramatically higher in warmer, less educated cities with less initial density and higher initial housing values. Within metropolitan areas, price growth was faster in neighborhoods closer to the city center. The centralization of price growth during the boom was particularly dramatic in those met...

  5. "Coming to town": the impact of urbanicity, cigarette advertising, and network norms on the smoking attitudes of black women in Cape Town, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Chyvette T; Grier, Sonya A; Marks, Amy Seidel

    2008-07-01

    This study was conducted to examine the effect of urban living on smoking attitudes among black African women in South Africa. We examine how urbanicity affects attitudes toward smoking and how it moderates the relationship between both advertising exposure and network norms on black women's smoking attitudes. Respondents were 975 black women currently living in Cape Town townships, some of which were raised in rural villages or small towns. Respondents completed a cross-sectional survey, which included data on smoking attitudes, norms, and exposure to cigarette advertising. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed with smoking attitudes as the response variable, and urbanicity, cigarette advertising exposure, and network smoking norms as primary explanatory variables. Interactions were tested to determine whether urbanicity modified the effect of advertising exposure and network norms on smoking attitudes. Independent effects of urbanicity, exposure to cigarette advertising, and greater smoking prevalence within women's networks were associated with more favorable smoking attitudes. In addition, urbanicity moderated the relationship between network smoking norms and smoking attitudes, but not cigarette advertising exposure and smoking attitudes. Urbanicity, cigarette advertising, and networks play important roles in women's attitudes toward smoking, and potentially, smoking behavior. Overall, our results suggest that strong and creative anti-smoking efforts are needed to combat the potential for a smoking epidemic among an increasingly urbanized population of black women in South Africa and similar emerging markets. Additional research is warranted. PMID:18563573

  6. Zaječar: A view of a provincial and border town in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krstić Dejan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses contemporary social and political processes which characterize the town of Zaječar in eastern Serbia: 1. Autocracy, showbiz-like public policy and crime-linked local authorities, 2. a very bad economic situation and a high unemployment rate, 3. Depopulation, 4. The increase in the number of tourist visits, 5 Ethno-cultural and identity diversity and “the Vlach issue.” These processes are closely related to difficult transitional times in Serbia, but also to local and regional particularities which are largely determined by provincial and border position of this town. The present conditions in Zaječar are considered in a context determined by the terms: small town, transition, provinces, bordering area, cultural heritage and multi-ethnicity. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179013: Održivost identiteta Srba i nacionalnih manjina u pograničnim opštinama istočne i jugoistočne Srbije

  7. Radon and radioactivity at a town overlying Uranium ores in northern Greece.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kourtidis, K; Georgoulias, A K; Vlahopoulou, M; Tsirliganis, N; Kastelis, N; Ouzounis, K; Kazakis, N

    2015-12-01

    Extensive measurements of (222)Rn in the town of Xanthi in N Greece show that the part of the town overlying granite deposits and the outcrop of a uranium ore has exceptionally high indoor radon levels, with monthly means up to 1500 Bq m(-3). A large number of houses (40%) in this part of the town exhibit radon levels above 200 Bq m(-3) while 11% of the houses had radon levels above 400 Bq m(-3). Substantial interannual variability as well as the highest in Europe winter/summer ratios (up to 12) were observed in this part of the town, which consist of traditional stone masonry buildings of the late 19th-early 20th century. Measurements of (238)U and (232)Th content of building materials from these houses as well as radionuclide measurements in different floors show that the high levels of indoor radon measured in these buildings are not due to high radon emanation rates from the building materials themselves but rather due to high radon flux from the soil because of the underlying geology, high radon penetration rates into the buildings from underground due to the lack of solid concrete foundations in these buildings, or a combination thereof. From the meteorological variables studied, highest correlation with indoor (222)Rn was found with temperature (r(2) = 0.65). An indoor radon prognostic regression model using temperature, pressure and precipitation as input was developed, that reproduced indoor radon with r(2) = 0.69. Hence, meteorology is the main driving factor of indoor radon, with temperature being the most important determinant. Preliminary flux measurements indicate that the soil-atmosphere (222)Rn flux should be in the range 150-250 Bq m(-2) h(-1), which is in the upper 10% of flux values for Europe. PMID:26372739

  8. Multiple Temporalities of Policy Circulation: Gradual, Repetitive and Delayed Processes of BRT Adoption in South African Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Wood, A.

    2015-01-01

    In 2006, bus rapid transit (BRT) swept across South African cities. Within three years of learning of the Bogotá model of BRT, Johannesburg's Rea Vaya opened, followed shortly by Cape Town's MyCiTi, while several other cities are at various stages of planning and implementation. This article traces the circulation of BRT across the South African urban context to expose the multiple and varied temporalities through which BRT came to appear as the only available solution. These earlier encounte...

  9. On Traffic Light Control of Regular Towns

    OpenAIRE

    Mancinelli, Elina; Cohen, Guy; Gaubert, Stéphane; Quadrat, Jean-Pierre; Rofman, Edmundo

    2001-01-01

    We present a hierarchical way of designing the traffic light control of regular towns. We first give a a model for light synchronization based on Petri nets and minplus algebra. Using this modelling we decompose the problem in three parts : - computation of the cycle length of each traffic light, - computation of the starting time of each traffic light cycle, - computation of the proportion of the green and red length in a cycle. The example of the Bahía Blanca, city of Argentina, is given.

  10. SUSTAINABLE SECURITY OF SOCIAL AND LABOR RELATIONS OF A TOWN-FORMING ENTERPRISE OF A MONOPROFILE MUNICIPALITY

    OpenAIRE

    Roshchina, Irina; Dyatlova, Natalya

    2014-01-01

    In this paper the authors prove the actuality of the analysis of social and labor relations in monoprofile municipalities today. The specific features of social and labor relations at a town-forming enterprise of a monoprofile municipality are displayed. The concepts of “sustainable development of social and labor relations” and “sustainable security of social and labor relations” of a town-forming enterprise of a monoprofile municipality are developed. The authors proposed a methodological a...

  11. Danish Towns during Absolutism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    crisis for the Danish urban community, mainly caused by the devastating effects of the seventeenth century warfare. Some few towns, however, stood out with positive development, first and foremost Copenhagen which flourished in its function as the centre of the Absolutist regime. The book traces both the...

  12. MASSACHUSETTS TOWNS WITH COASTLINE

    Science.gov (United States)

    The political boundary datalayer is a 1:25,000 scale datalayer containing the boundaries of the 351 communities in Massachusetts. The seaward boundary of coastal communities has been defined at mean high water in this datalayer. The datalayer is named TOWNS, and it is stored as ...

  13. Empirical Analysis on the Rural Urbanization Development in Luoyang City,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Development status of rural urbanization in Luoyang City is introduced.A total of 6 indices are selected,such as total households in townships,total population in townships,total grain output,financial budget income,balance of savings deposits at the end of the year,and per capita net income of farmers.According to the data in 2009 Luoyang Statistical Yearbook,cluster analysis of 53 designated towns is carried out.Result shows that 53 designated towns are divided into 4 types according to the economic strength.Problems in the development of rural urbanization in Luoyang City are analyzed,such as imperfect management system,lack of effective economic measures,irrational town layout,unbalanced regional development,inadequate urban infrastructure,limited population absorption,lack of main industry in small towns,insufficient development capital,serious environmental pollution,and great pressure on environmental protection of towns.Countermeasures for the development of rural urbanization in Luoyang City are put forward.For instance,judging from the dynamic mechanism,Luoyang City should gradually change its dynamic mechanism of urbanization into socialist market system.Judging from the scale of town,Luoyang City should actively develop the central city and cultivate strong counties and key towns.Judging from the function of town,Luoyang should select a special urban development mode with its own characteristics for its development of rural urbanization.

  14. Architecture and Stages of the Experience City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book presents more than 41 articles on ‘Architecture and Stages of the Experience City'. The aim of the book is to investigate current challenges related to architecture, art and city life in the ‘Experience City' and it is presenting cutting edge knowledge and experiences within the following...... themes: Experience City Making Digital Architecture Stages in the Experience City The City as a Learning Lab Experience City Architecture Performative Architecture Art and Performance Urban Catalyst and Temporary Use...

  15. Life in The Country And The City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李仕富; 伍章华

    2002-01-01

    City born and city bred, some people consider city life to be the life of the heaven, comparing it with the poverty, in their opinion, of the country. On the contrary, others are very tired of the city life and they are admiring to live in the peaceful country very much.

  16. Mortality from lung cancer and population risk attributable to asbestos in an asbestos cement manufacturing town in Italy

    OpenAIRE

    Magnani, C; Leporati, M.

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To estimate mortality from lung cancer and the risk attributable to asbestos separately for asbestos cement workers and for the general (non-occupationally exposed) population in the town of Casale Monferrato, where the largest Italian asbestos cement factory had been in operation in 1907-86. According to cancer registry data, in the same town the incidence of malignant mesothelioma in the general population is about 10 times higher than in comparable Italian provinces. METHO...

  17. Knowledge, Attitude, and Utilization of Traditional Medicine among the Communities of Merawi Town, Northwest Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study

    OpenAIRE

    Samuel Masresha Wassie; Leul Lisanework Aragie; Belaynew Wasie Taye; Laychiluh Bantie Mekonnen

    2015-01-01

    Background. In Ethiopia, up to 80% of the population use traditional medicine for primary health care. Studies on the current knowledge and practices of communities in the era of modern health care expansion are lacking. Therefore, this study is aimed at assessing the knowledge, attitude, and practice of traditional medicine among communities in Merawi town. Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among 403 residents of Merawi town. A systematic random sampling was used t...

  18. Application of Geographic Information System and Remotesensing in effective solid waste disposal sites selection in Wukro town, Tigray, Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammedshum, A. A.; Gebresilassie, M. A.; Rulinda, C. M.; Kahsay, G. H.; Tesfay, M. S.

    2014-11-01

    Identifying solid waste disposal sites and appropriately managing them is a challenging task to many developing countries. This is a critical problem too in Ethiopia in general and in Wukro town in particular. The existing site for Wukro town is not sufficient in its capacity and it is damaging the environment due to its location, and the type of waste dumped, while the surrounding area is being irrigated. Due to the swift expansion and urbanization developments in Wukro town, it badly needs to develop controlled solid waste dumping site to prevent several contamination problems. This study was conducted first, to assess the existing waste management strategies in Wukro town; and second, to find out the potential waste disposal sites for the town, using GIS and Remote Sensing techniques. The study exploited the Multi-Criteria Evaluation (MCE) methods to combine necessary factors considered for dumping site selection. The selected method also uses various geographical data including remote sensing data, with GIS spatial analysis tools. Accordingly, site suitability maps for each of the factors were developed in a GIS environment. Results indicate that 12 dumping sites were appropriate and they were further ranked against their suitability in terms of wind direction, proximity to settlement area and distance from the center of the town. Finally, two sites are the best suitable for dumping site. This study indicated that the application of Geographic Information System and Remote Sensing techniques are efficient and low cost tools to study and select appropriate dumping site so as to facilitate decision making processes.

  19. Health Aspects of Climate Change in Cities with Mediterranean Climate, and Local Adaptation Plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paz, Shlomit; Negev, Maya; Clermont, Alexandra; Green, Manfred S.

    2016-01-01

    Cities with a Mediterranean-type climate (Med-cities) are particularly susceptible to health risks from climate change since they are located in biogeographical hot-spots that experience some of the strongest effects of the changing climate. The study aims to highlight health impacts of climate change in Med-cities, analyze local climate adaptation plans and make adaptation policy recommendations for the Med-city level. We identified five Med-cities with a climate change adaptation plan: Adelaide, Barcelona, Cape Town, Los Angeles and Santiago. Beyond their similar Med-climate features (although Santiago’s are slightly different), the cities have different socio-economic characteristics in various aspects. We analyzed each plan according to how it addresses climate change-related drivers of health impacts among city dwellers. For each driver, we identified the types of policy adaptation tools that address it in the urban climate adaptation plans. The surveyed cities address most of the fundamental climate change-related drivers of risks to human health, including rising temperatures, flooding and drought, but the policy measures to reduce negative impacts vary across cities. We suggest recommendations for Med-cities in various aspects, depending on their local needs and vulnerability challenges: assessment of health risks, extreme events management and long-term adaptation, among others. PMID:27110801

  20. Health Aspects of Climate Change in Cities with Mediterranean Climate, and Local Adaptation Plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paz, Shlomit; Negev, Maya; Clermont, Alexandra; Green, Manfred S

    2016-01-01

    Cities with a Mediterranean-type climate (Med-cities) are particularly susceptible to health risks from climate change since they are located in biogeographical hot-spots that experience some of the strongest effects of the changing climate. The study aims to highlight health impacts of climate change in Med-cities, analyze local climate adaptation plans and make adaptation policy recommendations for the Med-city level. We identified five Med-cities with a climate change adaptation plan: Adelaide, Barcelona, Cape Town, Los Angeles and Santiago. Beyond their similar Med-climate features (although Santiago's are slightly different), the cities have different socio-economic characteristics in various aspects. We analyzed each plan according to how it addresses climate change-related drivers of health impacts among city dwellers. For each driver, we identified the types of policy adaptation tools that address it in the urban climate adaptation plans. The surveyed cities address most of the fundamental climate change-related drivers of risks to human health, including rising temperatures, flooding and drought, but the policy measures to reduce negative impacts vary across cities. We suggest recommendations for Med-cities in various aspects, depending on their local needs and vulnerability challenges: assessment of health risks, extreme events management and long-term adaptation, among others. PMID:27110801

  1. Health Aspects of Climate Change in Cities with Mediterranean Climate, and Local Adaptation Plans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shlomit Paz

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Cities with a Mediterranean-type climate (Med-cities are particularly susceptible to health risks from climate change since they are located in biogeographical hot-spots that experience some of the strongest effects of the changing climate. The study aims to highlight health impacts of climate change in Med-cities, analyze local climate adaptation plans and make adaptation policy recommendations for the Med-city level. We identified five Med-cities with a climate change adaptation plan: Adelaide, Barcelona, Cape Town, Los Angeles and Santiago. Beyond their similar Med-climate features (although Santiago’s are slightly different, the cities have different socio-economic characteristics in various aspects. We analyzed each plan according to how it addresses climate change-related drivers of health impacts among city dwellers. For each driver, we identified the types of policy adaptation tools that address it in the urban climate adaptation plans. The surveyed cities address most of the fundamental climate change-related drivers of risks to human health, including rising temperatures, flooding and drought, but the policy measures to reduce negative impacts vary across cities. We suggest recommendations for Med-cities in various aspects, depending on their local needs and vulnerability challenges: assessment of health risks, extreme events management and long-term adaptation, among others.

  2. Simulating the conversion of rural settlements to town land based on multi-agent systems and cellular automata.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaolin Liu

    Full Text Available Rapid urbanization in China has triggered the conversion of land from rural to urban use, particularly the conversion of rural settlements to town land. This conversion is the result of the joint effects of the geographic environment and agents involving the government, investors, and farmers. To understand the dynamic interaction dominated by agents and to predict the future landscape of town expansion, a small town land-planning model is proposed based on the integration of multi-agent systems (MAS and cellular automata (CA. The MAS-CA model links the decision-making behaviors of agents with the neighbor effect of CA. The interaction rules are projected by analyzing the preference conflicts among agents. To better illustrate the effects of the geographic environment, neighborhood, and agent behavior, a comparative analysis between the CA and MAS-CA models in three different towns is presented, revealing interesting patterns in terms of quantity, spatial characteristics, and the coordinating process. The simulation of rural settlements conversion to town land through modeling agent decision and human-environment interaction is very useful for understanding the mechanisms of rural-urban land-use change in developing countries. This process can assist town planners in formulating appropriate development plans.

  3. Recent geodetic surveys and multi-hazards assessment in the sinking town of Tuzla (BiH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mancini, Francesco; Stecchi, Francesco; Dervisevic, Rejhana; Celikovic, Ruza

    2010-05-01

    Ground subsidence triggered by salt mining from deposits located beneath the city of Tuzla (Bosnia & Herzegovina) is one of the major danger acting on a very densely urbanized area since 1950, when the salt deposits exploitation by means of boreholes began. As demonstrated in previous work, subsidence induced several hazard factors such as a severe ground deformations, the arising of deep and superficial fractures and a very fast water table rise connected with the brine extraction. In the past, hazard's factors were investigated by the processing of a series of data collected during two periods; from 1956 to the 1991, and from 1992 to 2003 whereas more recent sinking and deformation rates are being investigated by the use of geomatic methodologies and analysis of geographical data. The analysis of the historical dataset revealed a cumulative subsidence as high as 12 meters during the whole period, causing damage to buildings and infrastructures within an area that includes a large portion of the historical town, nowadays almost entirely destroyed. In previous work all the hazards affecting the city of Tuzla have been quantified and a map reporting the overall risk produced using the GIS (Geographical Information System) tools and a Multicriteria Decision Analysis (MDA). The MDA highlighted a serious risk due to the present-day water table rise, triggered by the decreasing in brine pumping in well defined portion of the city, not necessarily involved in the most severe ground deformations. For such reason since 2004 new elevation data were attained by six-monthly spirit levelling campaigns and more diffuse annual static GPS surveys. Results provided by geodetic surveys have been compared with the raising piezometric level and results are surprising. Both GPS survey and spirit levelling reveal a gradual inversion of sinking rates which are proceeding from negative to positive values over a great portion of the investigated area. Moreover, the impressive negative

  4. Linking Poverty and the Environment: Evidence from Slums in Philippine Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Ballesteros, Marife M.

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the linkages of poverty and environment at the household level in Philippine slums. Rapid urbanization and the inadequate infrastructure and basic services in large towns and cities have led to the proliferation of slums and informal settlements in the country. While poverty incidence of the population in key metropolitan centers is on average 17 percent compared to the national average of 32 percent, slum population has been exponentially rising at an average rate of 3.4 ...

  5. Precipitation chemistry of Lhasa and other remote towns, Tibet

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, DD; Peart, M; Jim, CY; He, YQ; Li, BS; Chen, JA

    2003-01-01

    Precipitation event samples during 1987-1988 field expedition periods and 1997, 1998, 1999 and 2000 have been collected at Lhasa, Dingri, Dangxiong and Amdo, Tibet. The sampling and analysis were based on WMO recommendations for a background network with some modifications according to local conditions and environmental characteristics. The following precipitation constituents and related parameters were measured: pH, conductivity, CO2 partial pressure, total suspended particles, and the cont...

  6. SOCIOECONOMIC CONDITIONS AND VIOLENCE IN CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA

    OpenAIRE

    Jeremy Seekings; Kai Thaler

    2014-01-01

    There is considerable debate over the causes of violence around the world, one which goes beyond the analysis of conflict to consider the dynamics of community behavior and the importance of economic and behavioral factors. South Africa competes with Colombia, Venezuela, and a number of Central American countries for the unwelcome distinction of having among the world’s highest homicide rates, and high prevalence of other forms of violence, including domestic and sexual violence, are also app...

  7. Monitoring and Prevention the Smart Cities

    OpenAIRE

    Berná Martínez, José Vicente; Maciá Pérez, Francisco; Sánchez Bernabeu, José Manuel

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays, the intensive use of Technology Information (TI) provide solutions to problems of the high population density, energy conservation and cities management. This produces a newest concept of the city, Smart City. But the inclusion of TI in the city brings associated new problems, specifically the generation of electromagnetic fields from the available and new technological infrastructures installed in the city that did not exist before. This new scenario produces a negative effect on a...

  8. Luxury and Gender in European Towns, 1700-1914

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    gendered identities and the transmission of ideas across local, national and transnational boundaries. This book draws on research undertaken within a pan-European network of historians from twelve countries whose interests lie in examining the ways that the European urban experience was gendered over time...... developed, the places that people could and did use, and the people who constructed them are all significant. Physical spaces operate as landmarks, as memory sites, and places of congregation and social intercourse. There is no doubt that the cultural investment of public spaces, particularly of urban...

  9. Residents, regulators, and risk in two industrial towns

    OpenAIRE

    Peter Phillimore; Achim Schlüter; Tanja Pless-Mulloli; Patricia Bell

    2007-01-01

    To what extent is trust in governance procedures a precondition for public engagement? This work is based on ethnographic research that examined the relationship between regulators and residents in the major chemical and petrochemical centres of Grangemouth (Scotland) and Ludwigshafen (Germany). In Grangemouth a period of rising economic insecurity coupled with intensified public concern about safety has brought regulatory authorities and the town’s population into ongoing dialogue. This dial...

  10. LINGUO–CULTURAL ASPECTS AS AN ATTRACTIVENESS FACTORS OF CITIES

    OpenAIRE

    Silineviča, Irēna

    2012-01-01

    Regional development problems are topical problems in all the countries around the world. The polycentric development of cities and their surroundings is the main way for solution of this problem. Attractiveness of cities has a direct correlation to their competitiveness. Taking into account that tourism is one of the development directions related to all the towns in Latgale region, the object of this article is research of the attractiveness of towns from the tourists’ point of view. The ma...

  11. Marketing the Uniqueness of Small Towns. Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, Douglas; Hogg, David H.

    The key to marketing a town is determining and promoting the town's "differential advantage" or uniqueness that would make people want to visit or live there. Exercises to help communities gain important insights into the town's competitive edge include a brainstorming session with knowledgeable community members, a visitor questionnaire, a…

  12. Alexandre Chemetoff: Visits; town and territory - architecture in dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Braae, Ellen Marie

    2010-01-01

    The launch of Visits could hardly have been better timed. The financial crisis and the slowing down of a long developer-driven building boom create the best imaginable backdrop for a grounded and reflexive practice regarding the transformation of the urban landscape as exemplified by Chemetoff. He...

  13. Class, Place and Identity in a Satellite Town

    OpenAIRE

    le Grand, Elias

    2010-01-01

    The central aim of this study is to examine processes of identity formation among white, working-class youths in a marginalized area located on the outskirts of South London. It is primarily based on long-term ethnographic fieldwork but also on analyses of web sites, newspapers and popular culture. The study contributes to research on ‘chavs’, and on youth (sub)cultures and social class. Identity is conceived as constructed through the dialectical interplay between ‘external’ processes of soc...

  14. Comparative study on childhood obesity in villages and town

    OpenAIRE

    Velickova, Nevenka; Gacova, Marina

    2010-01-01

    Background: Levels of childhood obesity are increasing at alarming rates in many countries, including Macedonia. This rise in the number of overweight children is disturbing because it causes health problems and can lead to social problems. The most common causes are genetic factors, lack of physical activity, unhealthy eating patterns, or a combination of these factors. Methods: Study involves more than 400 school-aged children (two generation with 7 and 10 years) in Stip (Macedonia), ...

  15. Kocaeli- Karamürsel- Yalakdere Town and Surrounding Flora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meryem Sümeyye Yılancı

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, Yalakdere (Karamürsel\\Kocaeli and the surrounding diversity of vascular plants were investigated. At the end of the field study which were conducted in the region, 712 plant specimens were collected. As a result of the diagnosis of these samples; 409 taxa included in 258 genera and 79 families were identified in research area. According to the taxa phytogeographic region distributions are as follows; 87 taxa the Euro- Siberian; 64 taxa Mediterranean; 7 taxa Iran –Turanian, 79 taxa of the multi phytogeographical region and 144 taxa unknown region.17 cultivated, 3 cosmopolitan, 7 endemic taxa were identified in the study area also the rate of endemism was 1,71 % in the region. Rhaponticoides pythiae ( Azn. ; Bornm. M.V.Agab. ; Greuter was collected which haven't been collected for a long time.

  16. Environmental issues in cities and mega cities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Environmental deterioration is one of the major issues of today's world. It not only poses serious threats to human life, health and property at local level but also presents big challenges for the sustain ability of global environment The developing countries like Pakistan are facing much bigger problems due to their rapid urbanization and lack of resources to meet the increasing demands of urban areas. Although, the problems have global dimensions, their solution lies at the local level. This paper presents an overview of the environmental issues with special reference to Pakistan and identifies the role of various stakes holders including the national, provincial and local governments, industrial and trade community, NGO's and citizens for rehabilitation and improvement of the environment. The combination of a large population and poor resource environment means that judicious means of energy use and minimum waste systems of production as well as lifestyles must be employed for sustainable development.(author)

  17. Painting the Town Red? Wal-Mart and Values

    OpenAIRE

    Carden, Art; Courtemanche, Charles; Meiners, Jeremy

    2008-01-01

    This essay explores the relationship between commerce and culture in the context of the recent debate over the social effect of Wal-Mart. In spite of much public debate, little is known about how Wal-Mart affects values. Using data collected from multiple sources, we show there is little evidence that Wal-Mart makes communities more conservative or more progressive.

  18. Gurkhas??? in the town: migration, language, and healing

    OpenAIRE

    Pettigrew, Judith

    2000-01-01

    The serga pye1 recalls how a group of Tamu-mai2 (Gurung) came upon what is now the ancestral village of Kohla, planted some grain, returned to find that it had produced a high yield, and moved across the Lamjung Himal to settle in the forests above their present villages. Many Tamu-mai consider the move across the Himalaya to be the final stage in their migration, without realizing that they themselves are engaged in an equally historic migration. This article examines the cont...

  19. Freshwater habitats in Plovdiv town and its surroundings and their importance for the biodiversity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DILYAN GEORGIEV

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The current synopsis reviews the types of aquatic habitats, that are located in the city of Plovdiv and analyses their importance for the biodiversity. Studies of the biodiversity in urban landscapes are of particular importance because they are still scarce. Several plant and animal groups are studied in the city of Plovdiv – mosses, mollusks, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Their distribution among habitats is presented, as well as specific threats and conservation problems.

  20. Scaling-up Strategy as an Appropriate Approach for Sustainable New Town Development? Lessons from Wujin, Changzhou, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao Chen

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available China has achieved rapid urbanization and unprecedented economic booming over the past three decades. Numerous cities and towns dreamed of cloning the miracles of Shenzhen and Pudong, Shanghai, in terms of their international development. However, inappropriate development strategies have meant that the majority of fast expanding urban suburbs or newly developed towns suffer a high ratio of vacant dwellings in real estate markets and a massive loss of farmland. The frequent exposure of these empty cities to mass media or the public has urged urban governments to impose fiscal austerity. These unexpected and negative consequences of urban development have explicit conflicts with sustainability. This paper aims to provide a political economy view of these unsustainable outcomes of new development. To achieve this, the processes and agendas of new city or town planning in Wujin District, Changzhou City, are analyzed and evaluated from the perspective of scale theory. Extensive interviews conducted with local politicians at different levels, planners, real estate agents and local residents facilitate the interpretation of these processes and agendas. It is argued that the legends of Shenzhen and Pudong, Shanghai originate from a modified neoliberal capitalism intervention at the right time and place, with which other peer cities are not comparable. It is concluded that the scaling-up strategy is not appropriate for the local new town development of Wujin, which has led to unsustainable outcomes—empty cities and towns—and created important lessons for the sustainable development of Chinese cities.

  1. Chemical composition and deterioration of glass excavated in the 15th-16th century fishermen town of Raversijde (Belgium)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The chemical composition, as determined by electron probe X-ray microanalysis of a series of ca. 100 archaeological glass fragments, excavated at the Raversijde site (Belgium) is discussed. In the 15th-16th century, Raversijde was a flourishing fishermen town located on the shore of the North Sea, close to the city of Ostend. As a consequence of several battles that were fought in its vicinity, the site was abandoned in the 16th century and was not occupied since then. It is one of the rare archaeological sites in Europe that contains a significant amount of information on the daily life inside a small but affluent medieval community. A comparison of the chemical composition of fragments of vessels and window glass encountered in Raversijde to those found in urban centres in Belgium and to literature date on German and French archaeological finds shows that glass made with wood ash dominates. Usually, it concerns artifacts with a predominantly utilitarian use. A few objects made with sodic (i.e., Na-rich) glass were also encountered, likely to have been imported from Venice during the 15th century or in later periods from an urban centre such as Antwerp, where Facon-de-Venice glass manufacturing activities were established near the start of the 16th century

  2. Anthropogenic sinkholes in the town of Naples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vennari, Carmela; Parise, Mario

    2016-04-01

    The importance of sinkhole as a natural hazard is often underrated when compared with landslides, floods, volcanic eruptions and earthquakes in Italy. Sinkholes are rarely included in risk analysis despite their frequent occurrence in several parts of Italy, especially in karst lands or in those sectors of the country where artificial cavities have been realized underground by man for different purposes. Among the most affected Italian regions, Campania (southern Italy) stands out for several reasons, with particular regard to the town of Naples, highly affected by anthropogenic sinkholes. These latter have caused serious damage to society, and above all to people in terms of deaths, missing persons, and injured people, due to the high urbanization of the city, developed above a complex and extensive network of cavities, excavated during the 2000 years of history of the town. Among the different typologies of artificial cavities, it is worth mentioning the high number of ancient quarry used to extract the building materials for the town construction. The Institute of Research for the Hydrological Protection (IRPI) of the National Research Council of Italy (CNR) has been working in the last years at populating a specific chronological database on sinkholes in the whole Italian country. On the base of the collected data, Naples appears to have been affected by not less than 250 events from the beginning of the century to nowadays. The IRPI database includes only sinkholes for which a temporal reference on their time of occurrence is known. Particular attention was given on this information, since the catalogue idea is to make a starting point for a complete sinkhole hazard analysis. At this aim, knowledge of the time of occurrence is mandatory. Day, month and year of the event are known for about 70% of sinkholes that took place in Naples, but the hour of occurrence is known for just 6% of the data. Information about site of occurrence are, on the other hand, highly

  3. Investigation of depositional formation of Sareyin tourist town site emphasizing topography, tectonic and climate to develop optimal urban land use

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Abedini

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Extended abstract1- IntroductionUsually urban areas with rapid growth and horizontal developing are occupying unsuitable topography lands with high geomorphologic hazards. Recently, most cities due to physical limitations on urban development encountered with in subject of physical developing (Garklou et al, 1390: 99. In other hand, urban development often caused industrial and technological crises and increases vulnerability of the city, due to the building, financial and citizen’s density (Asgari et al, 2008:36-37.Therefore, knowledge of the characteristics of urban environment is the important subject in urban planning and urban management. Irregular development of the urban has a destructive effect on natural landscape and on the fringe agricultural lands (Batisani and Yarnal, 2008:2. So to optimal site urban selection is trying considered effects of various parameters (Zhao, 2010: 246, Sareyin tourist town are located in the eastern mountain slopes at elevations between 1640 to 1740 meters and 16 kilometers east slope of Sabalan on the fault Valley in the city of Ardabil. Due to importance tourist importance in the past two decades has intensified the city's physical development. Therefore the importance of this research in the subjects of geomorphology and environmental hazards are identified for more appropriate land use.2- MethodologyAccording to the nature of this research, this study was done as form as, field work such as studying on the surface formation, sampling the surface depositional formation In order to determining, granolometry (Texture and structure, Plastic limit, and liquefaction of themes.Moreover, from geologic map of study area, the type of formations, Layer slope, thickness and tectonic situation of them in the city site formation (on the foundation trenches, the local log are determined. Also, with using ArcGIS, we drowned the map of slop, litology, heights, and faults and derange system. Then with combining these

  4. Barbers' knowledge and practice about occupational biological hazards was low in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beyen Teresa Kisi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Several health hazards including communicable diseases and skin conditions are associated with Barbers’ profession to which their visitors are exposed. Thus, knowledge and practice of Barbers would play a vital part in prevention and control of these health hazards. So, the aim of this study is to assess knowledge and practice, and associated factors among barbers about biological hazards associated with their profession in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia. Methods To assess knowledge and practice, and associated factors among barbers about biological hazards associated with their profession in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia, A work place based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 28 to April 6, 2012. The total numbers of Barbers in the town were 960 of which 400 Barbers were participated in the study. Sample size was determined using the formula for single population proportion by considering, 51% proportion, knowledgeable Barbers from Jimma, Ethiopia, 95% level of confidence, 5% margin of error and 15% none response rate. The numbers of barbers included in the study were selected by using systematic random sampling. Data was collected by face to face interview using a structured and pre-tested questionnaire. Binary and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with knowledge and practice of barbers. Results Of 400 barbers, only 72 (18% had good knowledge about biological hazards associated to their profession, While only 61 (15.3% were practicing safely during barbering. Knowledge of the barbers was associated significantly with educational level, owner of the business, working hour and work experience, while practice was associated only with availability of UV sterilizers in the room and working hour. Conclusion Barbers’ practice and knowledge to prevent biological hazards associated with their profession is very poor. Thus, giving training for the Barbers is

  5. Changing moralities : conceptions of gender, family and education in a Mexican town

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    The object of this study is to examine the reproduction and change of moral practices in Mexico. Fieldwork has been conducted in a half rural/half urban town in the state of Jalisco. I am concerned with how the moralities of gender, family and education are practiced at a secondary school and in families of different social classes. The study is concerned with how teachers and parents socialise girls and boys into moral persons. Gender, family and education are all expressed as moral issues i...

  6. For the Smarter Good of Cities? On Cities, Complexity and Slippages in the Smart City Discourse’

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steiner, Henriette; Veel, Kristin Eva Albrechtsen

    2013-01-01

    Summary: Cities for Smart Environmental and Energy Futures presents works written by eminent international experts from a variety of disciplines including architecture, engineering and related fields. Due to the ever-increasing focus on sustainable technologies, alternative energy sources......, and global social and urban issues, interest in the energy systems for cities of the future has grown in a wealth of disciplines. Some of the special features of this book include new findings on the city of the future from the macro to the micro level. These range from urban sustainability to indoor...... urbanism, and from strategies for cities and global climate change to material properties. The book is intended for graduate students and researchers active in architecture, engineering, the social and computational sciences, building physics and related fields....

  7. Public participation in solid waste management : challenges and prospects : a case of Kira Town council, Uganda

    OpenAIRE

    Mukisa, Philemon Kirunda

    2009-01-01

    Solid waste disposal and management is both an urban and rural problem. Every person is a potential generator of waste and thus a contributor to this problem. To generate waste is one thing, the type of waste generated is another and yet also the way the generated waste is managed or disposed of is quite a different issue. This study was carried out in Kira Town Council which is located within Wakiso District in Central Uganda, in Buganda Region. The main objective of this s...

  8. Plan for city identity establishment and city marketing - the case of Kimpo city

    OpenAIRE

    Kim Inn

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to provide theoretical methods and practical strategies of crea-ting city identity, and to utilize them as basic tools of city management. Place marketing consists of two parts, place assets making and place promotion. Place asset making is the process of making the place-specific advantage or attractiveness and the place promotion is the process that makes notice of it. The place marketing debates and strategies is quite often confined to partial place marketing,...

  9. PLANNING STRUCTURE ANALYSIS OF SMALL TOWNS IN IRAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Kashiripoor

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Planning structure of cities plays an important role in shaping their sustainable development while elaborating urban planning documentation (master plans and detailed plan projects. The existing studies of small towns in Iran reveal issues of architectural heritage and do not touch upon such peculiar features of small town planning as shape of their plan, network of streets, their configuration. It has not been established how a planning structure of a small city influences on its sustainable development.An inspection of 16 small towns of Iran has shown that the majority of the cities have a compact planning form which is due to flat relief, as well as the need for efficient use of valuable agricultural land. At the same time the paper demonstrates that territory development for building construction within city boundaries has unequal character. It has been determined that cities have very few green areas. Undeveloped wastelands owned by private individuals are often located close to densely developed areas. Such situation is due to specific features of the Iranian legislation that does not specify time terms for territory development. Parameters of urban road-street networks (width in red lines, presence of such transverse profile elements as landscaping along roadways do not correspond to the existing recommendations in Iran. Mixed or free system of streets is considered as the most common one and it is due to changes in urban conditions during the long process of development. Frequent network of narrow streets forms a system of small blocks of various shapes and needs to be improved. The majority of the inspected cities do not have bypass roads for freight transport, and there is also a transit transport through their historic centers.

  10. Behavior Space Design and Expression by the Theories and Methods of Urban Design—The Yan Dao ancient town of design practice

    OpenAIRE

    Chen Wei; Wang Yinan

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, the ancient town of update and development has become a new hot spot, the study of old town renewal of concern is gradually warming. And again there are a lot of space in the middle of the old town renewal design and traditional style, space activities and use the contradiction between population, which becomes a problem urgently to be solved in design stage. The purpose of this study was to explore old town design space and behavior, traditional and modern conflict resolutio...

  11. City and Nature In Harmony

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Xi’an,the capital city of Shaanxi Province in northwest China,is now the host of the 41st International Horticultural Exposition(IHE).China was selected the third time to host the IHE,following the 1999 Expo in Kunming and the 2006 ExpoinShenyang.Launched on April 28,the 2011 Expo lasts 178 days,and

  12. A City Classical and Contemporary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUJIE; WANGNAN

    2003-01-01

    XIANYANG City, covering an area of 10,000 square kilometers, and with a population of 4.8 million, is just 25 kilometers from Xi'an, capital of Shaanxi Province. Known as No.1 Capital of ancient China,Xianyang is the site of nine Han Dynasty and nine Tang Dynasty emperors' tombs.

  13. Dance Drama The Border Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    THE large-scale dance drama The Border Town performed by the Hunan Provincial Troupe attracted a large audience with its natural human touch, strong local flavour and elegant literature, provoking reverie from the people. The Border Town dance drama was adapted from the novel of the same name by Shen Congwen, an influential writer on Chinese modern literature. The Border Town, written in 1934, was his masterpiece, which gives a delicate account of the young love between the orphan girl Cuicui (who was a...

  14. Walking in a Virtual Town using Nintendo Wiimote and Balance Board

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucio Tommaso De Paolis

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available EnThe main goal of the Human-Computer Interaction technology is to improve the interactions between users and computers by making computers more usable and receptive to the user's needs. The end point in the interface design would then lead to a paradigm in which the interaction with computers becomes similar to the one between human beings. This paper focuses on an application of navigation and interaction in a virtual environment using the Nintendo Wiimote and the Balance Board. The idea is to have a system of navigation control in a virtual environment based on a locomotion interface in order to make the interaction easier for users without any experience of navigation in a virtual world and more efficient for trained users. The application has been developed for the navigation and interaction in the virtual town. We chose Otranto as an example town; Otranto is located in the easternmost tip of the Italian peninsula and, due to its geographical position, the town was like a bridge between East and West. The virtual environment is a loyal representation of the town of Otranto in the Middle Ages.ItL'obiettivo principale della Human-Computer Interaction technology è il miglioramento delle interazioni tra utenti e computer al fine di rendere tali sistemi più usabili e più adatti a soddisfare le diverse esigenze degli utenti. Il punto di arrivo nella progettazione di un’interfaccia sarebbe, quindi, quello rendere l'interazione con i computer simile quanto più possibile a quella tra esseri umani. Questo paper presenta un'applicazione che permette la navigazione e l’interazione in un ambiente virtuale facendo uso del Wiimote e della Balance Board della Nintendo. L'idea è di disporre di un sistema di controllo della navigazione in un ambiente virtuale basato su una semplice interfaccia di locomozione in grado di rendere più semplice l'interazione per gli utenti senza alcuna esperienza di navigazione in un mondo virtuale e più efficiente

  15. Provincial States and Bonaerense Town Councils, a troubled relation during the first Peronism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Marcilese

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyze the relationship remained the state with the provincial towns of Buenos Aires during the first years of Peronism, which was introduced as a particular feature of progressive intervention of the provincial government on communal administrations. This trend helped the formation of a centralized state that was characterized, among other things, limit the autonomy of municipal governments. Also this method was accompanied by a devaluation of the growing political role of the mayors, to benefit other areas of the state apparatus and the party itself, and its conversion into a single functionary.

  16. From city marketing to city branding : An interdisciplinary analysis with reference to Amsterdam, Budapest and Athens

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kavaratzis, Mihalis

    2008-01-01

    This thesis deals with the theory and practice of city marketing. It describes the transition from city marketing to city branding by identifying the roots of city marketing in general marketing theory, by adapting the concept of corporate-level marketing for the needs of cities and by analysing in

  17. Shrinking Cities and Path Dependency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mulder, A.

    2013-01-01

    When cities started shrinking, governments felt they had to do something. Where the main reason for shrinking was the closing down of traditional industry, economic policies were the first to be introduced: first by subsidising and reorganising existing companies, later by trying to create a more di

  18. The Food Retail Hierarchy and Food Import Dependency in a Dominican Town

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Heather N.

    2010-01-01

    This research examines the percentage of imported foods sold in stores at three levels of the food retail hierarchyâ small-sized retail food stores, known locally as colmados; medium-sized food retail stores, or super-colmados; and the large supermarkets, or supermercados â in the Dominican Republic. It also considers variations in sources of imported foods for the three types of stores. Data were collected during fieldwork conducted in Verónâ a small town located in the province of La Al...

  19. Challenge and Risk: The Parlerian Statues on the Old Town Tower of Charles Bridge. A Reinterpretation

    OpenAIRE

    Hlobil, I. (Ivo)

    2015-01-01

    Ideas as to the approximate period in which the Old Town Bridge Tower decoration first arose fluctuate around the time of the death of Charles IV (1378). The importance of this sculptural decoration has been studied by Karel Stejskal, Rudolf Chadraba, Jaromír Homolka, Ivo Kořán and finally Jakub Vítovský. This article briefly recapitulates the conclusions drawn by these historians. The interpretation of the remarkable collection of monumental Parlerian sculptures is a great challenge for scho...

  20. DAGESTAN(SKIYE OGNI TOWN: A STORY IN THE MAKING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magomed-Ganipa Gamidovich Magomedov

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Taking for the grounds a review of archive records the paper considered the town Dagestanskiye Ogni (Dagestani Lights that emerged from scratch at the contemporary stage of the country’ history, starting from a small industrial community settlement. The author has shown development of industrial enterprises, apartment houses and the whole infrastructure of the city under the guidance of government authorities. The fact that 100 years ago gas deposits were discovered at this place had contributed to the making of cities that gave impetus to construction of a glass-manufacturing plant. It was established by the Russian brethren entrepreneurs, the Malyshev, and further people from various regions of the country came to this place. The town Dagestanskiye Ogni was incorporated as a metropolitan area in 1991, at the time of the collapse of the great country, as everybody knows. The paper also specified the part taken by the public authorities in solving the issues at the town of Dagestanskiye Ogni, both weak points and errors committed by the local authorities in solving economic and social challenges of the nascent city.

  1. Caliph Omar's Garrison Towns

    OpenAIRE

    Çil, Halit

    2009-01-01

    In the time of the Caliph Omar, the maneuvers of conquest were carried out on three wide main fronts, these being Iraq/Iran, Syria and Egypt. The two superpowers of that age were the Sassanid Empire, controlling the Iraq/ Iran region, and the Byzantine Empire, the provinces of which included Syria and Egypt. As the main factor accelerating and facilitating the conquests, we see the widespread presence of the military garrisons, which ranged from temporary to permanent. In these garrison towns...

  2. Examinations on the Meteorologic Factors of Urban Heat Island Development in Small and Medium-sized Towns of Hungary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szegedi, S.; Gyarmati, R.; Kapocska, L.; Toth, T.

    2010-09-01

    EXAMINATIONS ON THE METEOROLOGICAL FACTORS OF URBAN HEAT ISLAND DEVELOPMENT IN SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED TOWNS OF HUNGARY Sandor Szegedi, Renata Gyarmati, Laszlo Kapocska and Tamas Toth University of Debrecen Department of Meteorology, 4032 Debrecen Egyetem tér 1. The thermal difference between the settlements and their environment is called urban heat island (UHI). Potential UHI intensities are mainly determined by the size, population and built-up structure of settlements. Meteorological conditions have a determinant impact on the development of the heat island at a certain moment. International and Hungarian studies usually deal with metropolises and big cities; much less attention is paid to medium-sized and small towns. Consequently this study has been focused on the development of UHI in such Hungarian urbanized areas as mentioned above. Settlements, located near the city of Debrecen (ca. 220,000 inhabitants) in East Hungary, with population of about 30000, 20000 10000 and 1000 were chosen for the research. Car-mounted digital thermometers with data loggers were used. Twenty four measurements were carried out during a one-year-long campaign in 2003-2004. Synoptic conditions, especially cloudiness, wind direction and wind speed were taken to consideration as determinant factors. Spatial characteristics of UHI have been described. Results have proved the existence of UHI even in the smallest settlement under suitable weather conditions. The non-heating season proved to be more advantageous for the development of UHI due to stronger irradiance and frequent anticyclonic synoptic conditions. Effects of cloudiness and wind speed have been revealed as well. St type clouds have proved to be most effective in preventing the formation of UHI. A 90-100% St cover could completely eliminate the thermal differences between natural and artificial surfaces. Ci type clouds had the weakest impact, they could prevent the formation of the heat island only in the smallest

  3. 云县茂兰镇小城镇规划建设可持续发展战略的模式探索%Sustainable Development Strategy Mode Exploration of the Small Town Planning and Construction in Yunxian Maolan Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭琼

    2013-01-01

    可持续科学发展的城乡一体化规划建设是现今小城镇规划建设的主要战略目标。茂兰镇小城镇规划建设一期相对滞后,二期规划建设取得可喜的成绩,三期正在进行新区开发规划和总体规划修编工作。茂兰镇小城镇规划建设应立足于结合一期、二期规划建设实际,高起点创新式开展好三期合理利用现状河道、路、桥组织景观,使其达到文明古镇人文环境、卫生环境与现代小城镇规划建设和谐可持续发展模式要求之路。%The urban-rural integration planning and construct-ion of sustainable scientific development is now the main stra-tegic goal for the planning and construction of smal towns. The Phase I Maolan town planning and construction is relativ-ely backward, the Phase II planning and construction made gr-atifying achievements, and the Phase III is making the new city development planning and the overall planning revision work. Planning and construction of Maolan smal towns should be based on the combination of the first phase and second period of planning, construction and practice, making reasonable util-ization channel, road, bridge landscape organization of the th-ird phase in high starting point of innovation, to get modern smal town planning and construction of harmonious sustaina-ble development model with Civilized ancient cultural enviro-nment and health environment.

  4. Town Gas Odorization Technique%城镇燃气加臭技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘友天

    2012-01-01

    随着“西气东输”的发展,中国越来越多的城市开始使用天然气,城镇燃气行业得到了迅速发展。对城镇燃气的加臭标准、加臭剂的种类等进行了综述。%With the development of the " West-East Gas Pipeline", more and more China~ towns began to use natural gas, town gas industry is enjoying a fast growth. Because the natural gas is colorless, odorless, inflammable, explosive, leaky and undetectable, it is extremely dangerous when it is leaking. It is a problem how to make the gas use safely. Town gas odorization technique is becoming a common technology to solve this problen~ At present, do- mestic and foreign cities and towns gas commonly take use of tetrahydrothiophene (THT) as odorization agent.

  5. Healthcare experiences of lesbian and bisexual women in Cape Town, South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Riley

    2015-01-01

    Understanding the health needs and experiences of South African lesbian and bisexual women is imperative for implementing effective and inclusive public health strategies. Such understanding, however, is limited due to the exclusion of these women from most existing research on healthcare access in the region. This paper bridges that gap by investigating the healthcare experiences of lesbian and bisexual women in Cape Town. Data were gathered from 22 interviews with self-identified lesbian and bisexual community members and university students in the Cape Town area. Interviews explored obstacles women face in accessing affirming services, different experiences with public and private healthcare, fear of stigma/discrimination, availability of relevant sexual health information and suggestions to improve existing programmes. Findings suggest that South African lesbians and bisexual women may have a range of both positive and negative experiences in public and private health services, that they use protective strategies when 'coming out' and that they find that sexual health information pertinent to them is largely unavailable. These discussions contribute to a more inclusive understanding of the experiences of lesbian and bisexual women accessing healthcare and other services and help to inform providers, thereby enabling them to deliver more meaningful care to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender persons in South Africa. PMID:25291355

  6. Predictors of physical activity among rural and small town breast cancer survivors: an application of the theory of planned behaviour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vallance, Jeff K; Lavallee, Celeste; Culos-Reed, Nicole S; Trudeau, Marc G

    2012-01-01

    The primary objective of this study was to investigate the utility of the two-component theory of planned behaviour (TPB) in understanding physical activity intentions and behaviour in rural and small town breast cancer survivors. The secondary objective was to elicit the most common behavioural, normative and control beliefs of rural and small town survivors regarding physical activity. Using a cross-sectional survey design, 524 rural and small town breast cancer survivors completed a mailed survey that assessed physical activity and TPB variables. Physical activity intention explained 12% of the variance in physical activity behaviour (p < 0.01) while the TPB constructs together explained 43% of the variance in physical activity intention (p < 0.01). Unique behavioural, normative and control beliefs were elicited from the sample. The two-component TPB framework appears to be a suitable model to initiate an understanding of physical activity determinants among rural and small town breast cancer survivors. These data can be used in the development and establishment of physical activity behaviour interventions and health promotion materials designed to facilitate physical activity behaviour among rural and small town breast cancer survivors. PMID:22409699

  7. Performing rap ciphas in late-modern Cape Town: extreme locality and multilingual citizenship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Williams, Quentin E.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The study of hip-hop in Cape Town, and indeed South Africa, has traditionally focused on the narratives and poetics of resistance, race and counter-hegemonic agency in the context of apartheid and the early days of post-apartheid. Despite this attention, hip-hop cipha performances remain relatively under-researched. The aim of this paper is to suggest that cipha performances display linguistic and discursive features that not only are of particular interest to rap music and hip-hop on the Cape Flats of Cape Town specifically, but that also engage core issues around multilingualism, agency and voice more generally. It demonstrates how in the process of entextualization a sense of locality, extreme locality, emerges in cipha performances by means of verbal cueing, representing place, expressing disrespect (dissing, and the (deictic reference to local coordinates that is achieved by transposing or recontextualizing transidiomatic phrases, and by incorporating local proxemics and audience reactions through commentary and response. It concludes by suggestingthat competition around acceptable linguistic forms and framings (metalinguistic disputes of extreme locality comprise the very micro-processes behind the formation of new registers. At the same time, these registers create the semiotic space for the exercise of agency and voice through multilingual practices, that is, multilingual citizenship.

  8. Environmental evaluation of waste treatment scenarios for the towns Khanty-Mansiysk and Surgut, Russia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaazke, Julia; Meneses, Montse; Wilke, Berndt-Michael; Rotter, Vera Susanne

    2013-03-01

    Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra in Siberia has recently started to play a major role in the Russian economy because key oil and gas extraction sites are located in this region. As a result, the extensions of infrastructure and higher incomes have been leading to an accelerated population growth and consequent increase in the generation of solid household waste. The current methods of waste disposal have now reached their limits, especially in the towns Khanty-Mansiysk and Surgut. The key objectives of this study were to identify the influence of waste composition and transport routes on the life cycle assessment (LCA) results and to assess the current waste treatment option for solid household waste and to compare it with proposed scenarios. Furthermore, recommendations for an optimal use of LCA within a decision-making process for a waste management plan are presented. LCA methodology was used to evaluate different waste management scenarios such as landfilling and incineration. One result was that the options 'incineration with recycling' and 'anaerobic mechanical-biological treatment with recycling' demonstrated lower environmental impact in both Khanty-Mansiysk and Surgut. Another finding was that there were hardly any differences in the ranking of the scenarios for Surgut and Khanty-Mansiysk. However, the special socio-cultural circumstances and location of each town have to be considered seriously in the development of a sustainable waste management plan. PMID:23381971

  9. A Study on the Pattern of “Homestead Exchange for House” in Mianzhu Town, Leshan City, Sichuan Province%四川省乐山市棉竹镇“宅基地换房”模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘灵辉; 徐攀

    2015-01-01

    在尊重农民自愿的基础上,稳步有序推进“宅基地换房”工作,开辟了农村建设用地重新整合、流转和集约利用的新途径。“宅基地换房”能有效兼顾地方政府、集体经济组织和农民等多重主体的利益,地方政府可以获得规划外的建设用地指标,集体经济组织的土地所有者地位在城乡建设用地指标置换与调配过程中会得到相应的体现,农民的财产性收入也会大大的增加,因此,“宅地基换房”是促进城乡土地资源合理优化配置的一种有效的途径。通过对四川省乐山市棉竹镇“宅基地换房”模式的操作程序、存在问题及优化对策进行系统的研究,对其他地区的“宅基地换房”工作将提供一定的借鉴和参考。%The steady and gradual implement of “homestead exchange for house” has explored the new road to reintegrate, circulate and use the construction land intensively in rural areas on the basis of respecting wishes of farmers. “Homestead exchange for house”, which effectively gives consideration to benefits of the government, economic collectives and peasants, is an effective way to advance the optimum allocation of urban and rural land resources. In this way, the local government can get construction land quotas out of general land use planning. Position of landowners in economic collectives will also be fully embodied in the replacement and allocation of construction land quotas in urban and rural areas. And farmers’ property income will increase greatly. The paper focuses on and gives systematic study to the operating pattern, existing problems and optimizing strategies of“homestead exchange for house” in Mianzhu town, Leshan city, Sichuan province, aiming to provide a reference to“homestead exchange for house” in other regions.

  10. Shallow Velocity Structure of Tapachula Town (chiapas, Mexico) from Joint Inversion of Array and H/v Spectral Ratio of Ambient Noise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro, M.; Vidal, F.; García-Jerez, A.; Alguacil, G.; Ruíz-Sibaja, A.; Aguirre, J.; Cárdenas, R.

    2013-05-01

    The shallow geological structure of Tapachula town has been estimated applying an association of the spatial autocorrelation (SPAC) method and the horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (HVSR, Nakamura 1989) method for ambient noise. Regular pentagonal arrays with radii up to 24 m have been employed for velocity computation. The measurements were carried out at six open spaces. Vertical components of ground motion, excited by ambient noise, were recorded at the surface. Five high-sensitivity sensors surrounding a sixth central sensor with same characteristics were used. All the records were analysed by using an implementation of the SPAC method (Aki, 1957). The phase-velocity of the Rg-wave was computed for each frequency from the correlation coefficient. The frequencies of the obtained curves ranged from 2.7 to 16.5 Hz and the phase velocity values varied between 226 and 594 m s-1. Nakamura's method was applied to determine the ground predominant period in the center of such arrays. The predominant period values vary in the 0.2-0.8 s range. Inversions of the S-wave velocity profiles corresponding to the six array sites have been achieved by using dispersion curves derived from SPAC and HVSR shapes. In order to classify the top shallow structure of Tapachula town, following the characterization of site adopted in several seismic codes (e.g. NEHRP 1994, Eurocode-8), the average shear-wave velocity of the upper 30 m (VS30) has been calculated. The results show differences between central part of the town and the peripheral zones close to both rivers rounding the city.

  11. ApoE polymorphisms and diarrheal outcomes in Brazilian shanty town children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.B. Oriá

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available A series of studies have shown that the heavy burdens of diarrheal diseases in the first 2 formative years of life in children living in urban shanty towns have negative effects on physical and cognitive development lasting into later childhood. We have shown that APOE4 is relatively common in shanty town children living in Brazil (13.4% and suggest that APOE4 has a protective role in cognitive development as well as weight-for-height in children with heavy burdens of diarrhea in early childhood (64/123; 52%, despite being a marker for cognitive decline with Alzheimer’s and cardiovascular diseases later in life. APOE2 frequency was higher among children with heaviest diarrhea burdens during the first 2 years of life, as detected by PCR using the restriction fragment length polymorphism method, raising the possibility that ApoE-cholesterol balance might be critical for growth and cognitive development under the stress of heavy diarrhea burdens and when an enriched fat diet is insufficient. These findings provide a potential explanation for the survival advantage in evolution of genes, which might raise cholesterol levels during heavy stress of diarrhea burdens and malnutrition early in life.

  12. Integration and comparison of assessment and modeling of road traffic noise in Baripada town, India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kumar Swain, Bijay [Department of Environmental Science, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar-751004, Odisha (India); Goswami, Shreerup [Department of Geology, Ravenshaw University, Cuttack-753003, Odisha (India)

    2013-07-01

    The road traffic is the predominant source of noise pollution in urban areas. Despite enactment of legislations and despite effort from Government level to abate vehicle noise, the noise exposure of people of India due to road traffic has hardly changed, but has increased day by day due to growth of vehicular population. Thus, an attempt had been made to assess the noise level in 12 different squares (major intersection points) of Baripada town during four different specified times (7-10 a.m., 11 a.m.-2 p.m., 3-6 p.m., 7-10 p.m.). The equivalent noise levels of all the 12 squares were found to be much beyond the permissible limit (70 dB during day time). Noise descriptors such as L10, L50, L90, Leq, TNI (Traffic Noise Index), NPL (Noise Pollution Level) and NC (Noise climate) were assessed to reveal the extent of noise pollution due to heavy traffic in this town. It is pertinent to mention here that even the minimum Leq and NPL values were more than 70.9 dB and 88.4 dB, respectively. Chi-square (X2) test was also computed for investigated squares at different times to infer the level of significance. The test depicts that the noise levels of different squares do not differ significantly at the peak hour. The prediction model was used in the present study to predict equivalent noise levels. Comparison of predicted equivalent noise level with that of the actual measured data demonstrated that the model used for the prediction has the ability to calibrate the multi-component traffic noise and yield reliable results close to that by direct measurement. Episodic and impulsive noise levels by the air-horn of motor vehicles in Baripada were also appraised and were more than the permissible limit. Though, the dimension of the traffic generated noise pollution in Baripada was not so alarming like other towns of India, a preliminary public health survey has also been carried out.

  13. [History Of forensic medicine and the coroner system in the town of Bjelovar].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habek, Dubravko

    2013-09-01

    This review analyses historical sources on the development of forensic medicine and the coroner system in the town of Bjelovar over the past two centuries. The development of these two professional fields in the context of public health was regulated through a number of bylaws, such as Normativum Sanitatum from the time of the Habsburg Monarchy. Coroner examinations were performed by physicians, surgeons, and laymen using special instructions such as the famous booklet by nobleman and county medical officer Vilim Peičić from 1914. Forensic autopsy was performed by surgeons, primary or secondary hospital physicians in case of sudden or suspicious in-hospital deaths, whereas outpatient forensic autopsies were performed by county or town medical officers and district physicians at the request of investigating authorities (police, court, or general attorney's office). This historical review should serve as the basis for further historical research into this field in Croatia so as to obtain deeper insight into the development of forensic medicine and the coroner system, two professions that have always been a vital factor in public health. PMID:24084355

  14. Generating sustainable towns from Chinese villages: a system modeling approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levine, Richard S; Hughes, Michael T; Ryan Mather, Casey; Yanarella, Ernest J

    2008-04-01

    The great majority of China's developing towns will be extensions of already existing villages. With the prospect of hundreds of millions of Chinese farmers projected to leave their villages to become industrial workers in new and expanded towns within the next few years, new challenges will be faced. As expansion and modernization progress, this development moves from the traditional village model that operates not far from resource sustainability to increasingly unsustainable patterns of commerce, urban development, and modern life. With such an unprecedented mass migration and transformation, how can Chinese culture survive? What is to become of the existing million plus agricultural villages? How can these massively unsustainable new industrial towns survive? In the European Commission sponsored research program SUCCESS, researchers worked from the scale of the Chinese village to find viable answers to these questions. To address these issues, the Center for Sustainable Cities, one of the SUCCESS teams, studied the metabolism of several small villages. In these studies, system dynamics models of a village's metabolism were created and then modified so that inherently unsustainable means were eliminated from the model (fossil fuels, harmful agricultural chemicals, etc.) and replaced by sustainability-oriented means. Small Chinese farming villages are unlikely to survive in anything like their present form or scale, not least because they are too small to provide the range of life opportunities to which the young generation of educated Chinese aspires. As a response to this realization as well as to the many other threats to the Chinese village and its rural way of life, it was proposed that one viable path into the future would be to enlarge the villages to become full service towns with sufficient diversity of opportunity to be able to attract and keep many of the best and brightest young people who are now migrating to the larger cities. Starting with the

  15. Program of social protection for Chornobyl nuclear power plant staff and Slavutich town residents in the aftermath of the plant shutdown

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to solve social issues related to ChNPP shutdown, the Ukrainian Government approved 'Program of Social Protection for Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant Staff and Slavutich Town Residents in Aftermath of Plant Shutdown' on 29 November 2000. The Program Objective is to ensure social protection and support of well being of ChNPP staff and Slavutich town residents after the plant shutdown. Preserve and develop town infrastructure. Create compensatory jobs; efficiently manage human resources; provide social allowances and guarantees to the ChNPP staff that is being released, and Slavutich town residents

  16. The Effect of Economic and Social Restructuring on the Towns of Nehoiu and Pogoanele

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANA ANDUŢA PUNCIOIU

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Since early 1989, the small settlements of Nehoiu and Pogoanele, located in the south-eastern part of Buzău County and declared towns in the same year, entered a new stage of evolution.After a long period of evolution under socialism, people and especially authorities decided to adjust the evolution and the development of settlements. This change did not only have repercussions on the entire economic base but also on the population, imprinting a descendent evolution. Economic restructuring is felt on the quality of life, purchasing power is increasingly smaller, many families are poor, with the possibility of living only from one day to another. Industry and agriculture have suffered the biggest change in the sense that the labour force in these two areas has steadily decreased. Current development opportunities include: increasing the share of active population in the tertiary sector and attracting investors from the private sector.

  17. Analysis on the environmental problems accompanying the high-speed urbanization of small towns in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The environmental problems accompanying the rapid urbanization of many small towns like Keqiao, SHaoxing County, and their countermeasures are presented. To settle these problems rationally as well as effectively will not only conduce to boost the environmental quality and life quality of cities, but also help to promote the development of regional economy and the realization of sustainable development.

  18. Complexity, cognition and the city

    CERN Document Server

    Portugali, Juval

    2011-01-01

    Complexity, Cognition and the City aims at a deeper understanding of urbanism, while invoking, on an equal footing, the contributions both the hard and soft sciences have made, and are still making, when grappling with the many issues and facets of regional planning and dynamics. In this work, the author goes beyond merely seeing the city as a self-organized, emerging pattern of some collective interaction between many stylized urban "agents" – he makes the crucial step of attributing cognition to his agents and thus raises, for the first time, the question on how to deal with a complex system composed of many interacting complex agents in clearly defined settings. Accordingly, the author eventually addresses issues of practical relevance for urban planners and decision makers. The book unfolds its message in a largely nontechnical manner, so as to provide a broad interdisciplinary readership with insights, ideas, and other stimuli to encourage further research – with the twofold aim of further pushing ba...

  19. 'Facework', Flow and the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2006-01-01

    This paper contains a re-reading of Simmel and Goffman with an eye to the mobility practices of the contemporary city. The paper offers a ‘new’ perspective on mobility in the contemporary city by re-reading two sociological ‘classics’ as there is a need to conceptualise the everyday level of flow...... and mobility in the midst of an intellectual climate dominated by grand theories of networks and globalisation. In the re-reading of Simmel and Goffman, the aim is to reach an understanding of how contemporary material mobility flows and symbolic orders and meanings are produced and re-produced. You may argue......, they rather carry important insights that will benefit the sociology of mobility. Arguably Simmel and Goffman offer the opportunity to connect the global flows to the everyday level of social practice, as well as linking more basic/classic sociological theory to contemporary issues of mobility. The reason...

  20. Exchanges Between Jinan And Its Friendship Cities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fu; Mingming

    2014-01-01

    <正>Since the twinning of first pair of international friendship cities between Jinan and Wakayama City of Japan in1983,the Chinese side has established such relationships with 21 cities in 20 countries and friendly cooperation relations with 24 cities in 18 countries.Cultivating partnerships of distinctive features.In its exchanges,Jinan pays great attention to bringing into full play respective advantages to cultivate special partnerships for pragmatic cooperation.In its exploration to construct an

  1. Infrastructure and city competitiveness in India

    OpenAIRE

    Lall, Somik V.; Wang, Hyoung Gun; Deichmann, Uwe

    2010-01-01

    Do local improvements in infrastructure provision improve city competitiveness? What public finance mechanisms stimulate local infrastructure supply? And how do local efforts compare with national decisions of placing inter-regional trunk infrastructure? In this paper, we examine how the combination of local and national infrastructure supply improve city competitiveness, measured as the city's share of national private investment. For the empirical analysis, we collect city-level data for In...

  2. Resilience and the Fragile City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John de Boer

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Humanitarian, security, and development actors are witnessing two distinct but intertwined trends that will have a dramatic impact on their operations. The first relates to the fact that the locus of global poverty and vulnerability to disaster are increasingly concentrated in fragile and conflict affected states. The second trend is associated with the notion that the world has entered a period of unprecedented urbanization. For the first time in history, more people live inside urban centres than outside of them. As the world continues to urbanize, global emergencies will increasingly be concentrated in cities, particularly in lower income and fragile countries where the pace of urbanization is fastest. Yet, despite the growing risks facing urban populations living in fragile and conflict affected countries, there is very little understanding of what can be done to reduce the risks posed to these cities and their populations.

  3. A GIS wind resource map with tabular printout of monthly and annual wind speeds for 2,000 towns in Iowa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brower, M.C. [Brower & Company, Andover, MA (United States); Factor, T. [Iowa Wind Energy Institute, Fairfield, IA (United States)

    1997-12-31

    The Iowa Wind Energy Institute, under a grant from the Iowa Energy Center, undertook in 1994 to map wind resources in Iowa. Fifty-meter met towers were erected at 13 locations across the state deemed promising for utility-scale wind farm development. Two years of summarized wind speed, direction, and temperature data were used to create wind resource maps incorporating effects of elevation, relative exposure, terrain roughness, and ground cover. Maps were produced predicting long-term mean monthly and annual wind speeds on a one-kilometer grid. The estimated absolute standard error in the predicted annual average wind speeds at unobstructed locations is 9 percent. The relative standard error between points on the annual map is estimated to be 3 percent. These maps and tabular data for 2,000 cities and towns in Iowa are now available on the Iowa Energy Center`s web site (http.//www.energy.iastate.edu).

  4. 'Social, innovative and smart cities are happy and resilient': insights from the WHO EURO 2014 International Healthy Cities Conference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamel Boulos, Maged N; Tsouros, Agis D; Holopainen, Arto

    2015-01-01

    This paper provides a brief overview of, and elaborates on, some of the presentations, discussions and conclusions from Day 4 of the 'WHO EURO 2014 International Healthy Cities Conference: Health and the City - Urban Living in the 21st Century', held in Athens, Greece on 25 October 2014. The Internet of Things (IoT) is made of sensors and other components that connect our version of the world made of atoms, i.e., humans/our bodies, our devices, vehicles, roads, buildings, plants, animals, etc., with a mirror digital version made of bits. This enables cities and regions to be self-aware and dynamically reconfigurable in real- or near-real-time, based on changes that are continuously monitored and captured by sensors, similar to the way the internal biological systems of a living being operate and respond to their environment (homeostasis). Data collected by various IoT sensors and processed via appropriate analytics can also help predict the immediate future with reasonable accuracy, which enables better planned responses and mitigation actions. Cities and regions can thus become more adaptable and resilient in face of adversity. Furthermore, IoT can link atoms (humans) to other atoms (humans) (again via bits), resulting in the formation of 'smart(er) communities' that are socially connected in new ways and potentially happier. Cities, but also less urbanised regions and the countryside, could all benefit from, and harness the power of, IoT to improve the health, well-being and overall quality of life of the local populations, actively engage citizens in a smarter governance of their region, empower them to better care for one another, promote stronger social inclusion, and ensure a greener, sustainable and more enjoyable environment for all. Technology can also help reverse the 'brain drain' from the countryside and smaller towns to larger metropolises by making the former more attractive and connected, with better services akin to those found in larger cities. The

  5. 武夷山市武夫镇鸡球虫病流行病学调查%Epidemiological investigation of chicken coccidiosis in Wufu town of Wuyishan city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹文辉; 彭康强; 吕国荣

    2016-01-01

    对武夷山市武夫镇2014年采集的95份鸡粪便涂片镜检,结合临诊症状、病理剖检情况、问卷调查综合判断,表明该病在武夫镇不同时间、不同鸡场、不同日龄鸡群中均有不同程度的感染。%In 2014,95 of chicken feces samples from Wufu town of Wuyishan was collected,after the smear and microscopic examina-tion, combining with the clinical symptoms, pathological autopsy cases, questionnaire comprehensive judgment, suggests that the dis-ease in the town of different time, different location, different age have different levels of infection in chickens.

  6. Development Path of Different County-Level Towns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Haijiao; ZHANG; Zhenghe; ZHANG

    2015-01-01

    County-level town is important space carrier of China’s urbanization and the emphasis and key of strategic distribution for urbanization. Backwardness of county-level towns limits nearby transfer of surplus labor. To promote development of county-level towns,on the basis of classifying county-level towns,this paper analyzed motive and resistance factors of evolution of different county-level towns using historical data collection and statistical method,comparative approach,typical case study method,and studied development path for different county-level towns. From analysis,it reached the conclusion that industry exerts the most direct and fundamental influence on development of county-level towns,while the industrial development in county-level towns must base on their actual conditions. The county-level towns are not isolated,and their development should be established within the framework of national policy environment and superior and subordinate town system.

  7. Dynamic Cities and Creative Clusters

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, Weiping

    2005-01-01

    The author focuses on how urban policies and the clustering of creative industries has influenced urban outcomes. The set of creative industries include those with output protectable under some form of intellectual property law. More specifically, this sub-sector encompasses software, multimedia, video games, industrial design, fashion, publishing, and research and development. The cities that form the basis for the empirical investigations are those where policy-induced transitions have been...

  8. Sustainable cities and energy policies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book starts out with the optimistic perspective that modern cities can indeed play a strategic role in the necessary pathway to sustainable development, with particular emphasis on the opportunities offered by local energy and environmental initiatives. Our study aims to demonstrate that an urban sustainability policy has many socio-economic benefits, while it also seeks to identify the critical success and failure factors of sustainable city innovations. After a comprehensive review of various opportunities and experiences, attention is focused particularly on renewable energy resources which may offer new potential for the active involvement of local authorities. The study also highlights major impediments regarding the adoption and implementation of renewable energies, in particular, the development of advanced energy-environmental technology in a world dominated by natural (public) monopolies and/or monopolistic competition elements. In this context both theoretical and empirical elements are discussed, as well as institutional aspects. The theory and methodology is tested by a thorough empirical investigation into local renewable energy initiatives in three European countries, viz. Greece, Italy and The Netherlands. Based on an extensive data base, various statistical models are estimated in order to identify the key elements and major driving forces of sustainable development at the city level. And finally, the study is concluded with a long list of applicable and operational policy guidelines for urban sustainability. These lessons are largely based on meta-analytic comparative studies of the various initiatives investigated. (orig.)

  9. Portfolio Diversification and City Agglomeration

    OpenAIRE

    William N. Goetzmann; Massimo Massa; Andrei Simonov

    2004-01-01

    We relate the degree of investor portfolio focus to the broader urban economic context of the household. Using a detailed panel of investors in Sweden over the period 1995 to 2000, we find that the level of investor diversification, as measured by number of stocks in the portfolio and by the average correlation among holdings, is partially explained by city industrial characteristics. We find that rural portfolios are more diversified than urban portfolios and that portfolio diversification i...

  10. A low energy solar town

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The use of solar energy at large scale is necessary to support the energy savings and a more efficient energy use, like besides the quality of the ambient and the quality of the available energy sources. The solar heating systems with seasonal storage can be combined with heat from refuse incineration plants and other renewable heat sources. These systems combined with district heating are an example of the sustainable energy planning and the reduction of the environmental stress. Strategies for sustainability in the settlements can be defined by and energy model to planning that individuates development and economic and financial supports to. The aim of the work concerns the development of a small sun city with no use of fossil fuels. The new low energy solar town is an idealised urban an energy system. The studied settlement regards one thousand new low-energy houses supplied by a district heating with a central solar heating system with seasonal heat storage. The heating and ventilation demand in the studied low energy buildings are less than 40 kWh/m2/year, the electricity demand is less than 2000 kWh per house year. The result of the work is an useful tool to the energy planning of the urban areas and it is also a necessary support to the political and energetic decisions. (EG) 58 refs

  11. The Spatial Pattern and Influence Factors of Specialized Villages and Towns in China%中国专业村镇空间格局及其影响因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵留长; 乔家君; 乔谷阳

    2016-01-01

    significant agglomeration of specialized villages and towns in spatial distribution.(3) The result of spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that the global analysis of specialized villages and towns of the administrative regions has an obvious characteristic from the aspect of spatial cluster,and the hot spot analysis of the specialized villages and towns in the administrative areas showed some important regions in spatial distribution from the city-level aspect.Then,we could find these findings after analysis of factors affecting the agglomeration of the specialized villages and towns,these relevant government departments should improve the development environment for the specialized villages and towns in the existing resource endowments,and continue to increase efforts to promote the OVOP specialized villages and towns in order to achieve a sustainable and healthy economic development of these agricultural areas.

  12. Social and cultural resources for the setting up and functioning of family enterprises in a small Bulgarian town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petrova Ivanka

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available As a field of culture, the family enterprise shows that in the current European societies the economic operation does not proceed only from a purely rational point of view and that notwithstanding the common speaking of globalization, the local may be a prerequisite for successful economic development. My objective has been to show, proceeding from an example from a small Bulgarian town, that the family enterprise is a field of culture in which the observed phenomena are strongly influenced by the social inclusion of the enterprise and by its tie-up with the context of the urban environment. I shall investigate in what way local social and cultural resources are intensively used in the process of setting up and functioning of a family enterprise from the sphere of hoteldom and tourism in the town of Belogradchik. I intend to study whether these resources are conducive to the economic prosperity of the firm. Another research objective is to establish the manner of identification of the enterprise with the town, with the region and the local culture by way of the services provided (tourist and restaurant. I shall look for an answer to the question of how the enterprise’ working realm fits in the concrete cultural, historical and social context of the town.

  13. Sustainable and smart cities

    OpenAIRE

    Kahn, Matthew E.

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the challenges and opportunities that government officials face in designing coherent 'rules of the game' for achieving urban sustainability during times of growth. Sustainability is judged by three criteria. The first involves elements of day-to-day quality of life, such as having clean air and water and green space. The provision of these public goods has direct effec...

  14. BETWEEN HISTORY AND TOWN-PLANNING: ROMANIAN, RUSSIANS, GREEKS, HUNGARIANS AND SARACENS IN TERRA DI LAVORO DURING THE MIDDLE AGES

    OpenAIRE

    Giancarlo BOVA

    2007-01-01

    This research fills up a historio-geographical gap about the importance of the presence of merchant and ethnic minorities in the area of Capua in the Middle Ages, trying to bring to life some more features of the environment, mentality every day life, society, town planning, toponymy, through documents which have rarely been published.

  15. Formal and Informal Planning Instruments as Catalyst for Urban Attractiveness. Enhancing Town Attractiveness in the Land of Beiuş, Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PAUL EMIL OLĂU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available We are once again witnessing a directional change in urban studies. This simple and concise statement comes out from a brief analysis of both the latest interests of different scholars and the discourses of urban, regional, and governmental actors. The change we are talking about refers to a slight interest drop in environmental issues and an ever-increasing attention paid to the economic and social aspects of urban life. The conceptual shift from sustainable development to smart growth is a good example, and the fact that the recent European Union papers (EU 2020 strategy, EU Cohesion Policy 2014-2020 have adopted it ensures its liability. Coming to urban planning, which is primarily conceived as sets of regulatory measures, one can notice that in order to achieve the latest standards it has to develop and implement new methods and instruments which will eventually lead to smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. Knowing that urban plans look to specific urban issues as zoning, layout and design, which are usually regulated by legally approved national guidelines, this new tasks fall into the charge of informal planning. In Romania, informal planning refers to local development strategies, local action plans as well as the Local Agenda 21, which was implemented throughout the world. Admitting that municipalities worldwide are in a sharp competition for inhabitants, investors and capital (from trade, tourism, exhibitions, etc., we realize that small and medium-sized towns have to ensure that all of their valuable characteristics are as visible and as marketable as possible. In order to do this, they have to enhance their attractiveness through different actions, using different methods and instruments. The present paper highlights the ways that local actors in four small cities in Bihor County, Romania are trying to market their municipalities. The chosen cities organically fit into one of the most representative mental space in Romania, the

  16. Socioeconomic Distribution of Health and Health Care Utilization in a New Town in Hong Kong, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TAK SUN IGNATIUS YU; TZE WAI WONG

    2004-01-01

    Objectives To assess the association of socioeconomic indicators with various chronic and acute illnesses and the utilization of public health care in a new town in Hong Kong, China. Methods Illness experience and socioeconomic and demographic data of 7570 residents from 2022 randomly selected households were collected through telephone interviews. The relationships between socioeconomic indicators and illnesses/choice of health care were explored using stepwise logistic regressions after adjusting for sex and age. Results Significant positive associations were noted between low household income and diabetes mellitus, any chronic illnesses among adults and flu among younger subjects; low educational level and accident-related illness among adults; being born in Chinese mainland and flu, any acute illness in adults. For the utilization of public health care, low household income was the most consistent risk factor. Conclusion This study did not demonstrate a unidirectional socioeconomic gradient in health but supported the hypothesis that socioeconomic deprivation was associated with the utilization of public health care.

  17. Sex and the City

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scheen, L.M.

    2006-01-01

    Mian Mian pouring beer on Wei Hui’s head in a Shanghai bar; Wei Hui baring her breasts at a press conference; threats on the Internet – self-labelled Beauty Writers Mian Mian and Wei Hui fear no accusations in their public catfight over alleged plagiarism in turn-of-the-century Shanghai. The rivalry

  18. Shrinking Cities and the Need for a Reinvented Understanding of the City

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Lea Louise holst

    With the coming of the Shrinking Cities phenomenon several questions appear in relation to the influences of shrinkage on the city and how we are to understand and work with the Shrinking Cities. The Shrinking Cities phenomenon has to be incorporated into the general assumptions about the...... contemporary city and maybe the understanding of the city needs to be updated in some areas, before we are able to do so. In this paper, the focus will be directed towards two themes which become present with the Shrinking Cities phenomenon and therefore seems important to discuss in order to understand the...... concept of Shrinking Cities. These two themes may affect the understanding of the existing city theory. The first theme is concerned with the physical understanding of the city where the traditional assumption about the city as a high density area, with buildings as the dominant structure, is questioned...

  19. Health Problems and Nutritional Status of Selected Leprosy Victims of Burla Town, Orissa, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Braja Kishori Mishra

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available An attempt has been made in this research article to assess the health and nutrition status of the leprosy victims of two leprosy colonies of Burla town, Orissa. Socio-economic, information of all the 150 victims residing in these two colonies were collected by the help of a pre tested interview schedule .The measurement of height and weight was recorded by stranded instruments. The weight and height of all the victims in the age group of 20 to 80 years were observed to be less than the w eight and heights of reference Indian man and woman. Body Mass Index (BMI revealed that all most all the victims suffered from moderate to severe grades of malnutrition. The socio-economic variables do not have much influence on the anthropometric measurements and prevalence of malnutrition. The study also aims to determine the information on various aspects of the disease and prevalence of various health problems among the leprosy victims.

  20. Making unhealthy places: The built environment and non-communicable diseases in Khayelitsha, Cape Town.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smit, Warren; de Lannoy, Ariane; Dover, Robert V H; Lambert, Estelle V; Levitt, Naomi; Watson, Vanessa

    2016-05-01

    In this paper, we examine how economic, social and political forces impact on NCDs in Khayelitsha (a predominantly low income area in Cape Town, South Africa) through their shaping of the built environment. The paper draws on literature reviews and ethnographic fieldwork undertaken in Khayelitsha. The three main pathways through which the built environment of the area impacts on NCDs are through a complex food environment in which it is difficult to achieve food security, an environment that is not conducive to safe physical activity, and high levels of depression and stress (linked to, amongst other factors, poverty, crime and fear of crime). All of these factors are at least partially linked to the isolated, segregated and monofunctional nature of Khayelitsha. The paper highlights that in order to effectively address urban health challenges, we need to understand how economic, social and political forces impact on NCDs through the way they shape built environments. PMID:27157313

  1. 中山市民众镇2008~2010年幼儿园儿童健康状况%Health status of the children in the kindergartens of Minzhong town of Zhongshan city from 2008 to 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    区柏新; 肖勇梅; 刘铁生; 冼均标

    2012-01-01

    目的:评估民众镇辖区儿童的生长发育状况、营养状况、龋齿患病情况、贫血患病情况,为制定民众镇儿童发展规划提供科学依据,提高全镇儿童的素质.方法:通过收集2008~2010年民众镇幼儿园儿童的资料,包括性别、出生日期、身高、体重、血红蛋白、龋齿等各项指标.分别利用年龄别体重、年龄别身高、身高别体重、血红蛋白含量等指标进行评价.结果:2008 ~ 2010年民众镇幼儿园儿童的身高和体重均低于国家同年龄组的平均水平,发育迟缓、肥胖的检出率逐年下降,而低体重、消瘦的检出率逐年上升,3年来龋齿的患病率逐年升高,贫血患病率最高为2010年,达5.66%.结论:民众镇幼儿园儿童的生长发育水平和营养状况令人担忧,除低年龄组外其他各年龄组的身高、体重增长水平均低于国家平均水平,既有消瘦儿童也有肥胖儿童,而营养过剩和营养不良现象也并存,民众镇幼儿园儿童龋齿的患病率逐年升高.%Objective: To evaluate the growth and development status, nutritional status, prevalence of dental caries, and prevalence of anemia of the children in Minzhong town, provide a scientific basis for designing development plan for the children in Minzhong town, improve the quality of children in Minzhong town. Methods; The data of children in the kindergartens of Minzhong town from 2008 to 2010 were collected, including gender, birth date, body height, body weight, hemoglobin, and dental caries. The indexes including weight for age, height for age, height for weight, and hemoglobin were used for evaluation. Results; The average body height and body weight of the children in kindergartens of Minzhong town from 2008 to 2010 were lower than the national average levels at the same age groups, the detection rates of developmental delay and obesity decreased year by year; but the detection rates of low body weight and emaciation increased year by

  2. Rare earth elements and uranium in fountain waters from different towns of the Iron Quadrangle, MG, Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferreira, Claudia A.; Palmieri, Helena E.L.; Menezes, Maria Angela de B.C., E-mail: cferreiraquimica@yahoo.com.br, E-mail: help@cdtn.br, E-mail: menezes@cdtn.br [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2015-07-01

    Rare earth elements (REE) and uranium were evaluated in 34 fountain waters collected in different towns of the Iron Quadrangle (IQ), Minas Gerais, Brazil. The IQ is one of the largest and most well-known mineral deposits in the world. Not only extensive iron deposits but also hydrothermal gold deposits are found in this region. Because of the toxicological properties of REE, monitoring of groundwater which is used for drinking water may be useful if relatively high concentrations of REE are expected. The total REE (ΣREE) concentrations in fountain water range from 3 to 33395 ng L{sup -1}. It was observed that fountains with a pH value below 5 presented higher concentration values of the determined elements proposed in this work. This is due to the fact that waters exhibiting low pH values enhance the dissolution of these elements. Moreover, for uranium the values ranged from less than < 2 to 540 ng L{sup -1}. The highest concentrations in waters were observed only in four cities. Statistical methods such as Pearson correlation, PCA and HCA analysis were applied to the data set to shed some light on the behavior of the elements in water in this study. Three major groups with similar characteristics were identified and six diagrams of REE signatures in fountain waters were plotted according to their groupings of subdivisions. Using the REE-Post-Archean Australian Shale (PAAS) normalized patterns it was possible to verify presence of distinct REE signatures and recognize that the two samples belong to the same aquifer type. (author)

  3. Rare earth elements and uranium in fountain waters from different towns of the Iron Quadrangle, MG, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rare earth elements (REE) and uranium were evaluated in 34 fountain waters collected in different towns of the Iron Quadrangle (IQ), Minas Gerais, Brazil. The IQ is one of the largest and most well-known mineral deposits in the world. Not only extensive iron deposits but also hydrothermal gold deposits are found in this region. Because of the toxicological properties of REE, monitoring of groundwater which is used for drinking water may be useful if relatively high concentrations of REE are expected. The total REE (ΣREE) concentrations in fountain water range from 3 to 33395 ng L-1. It was observed that fountains with a pH value below 5 presented higher concentration values of the determined elements proposed in this work. This is due to the fact that waters exhibiting low pH values enhance the dissolution of these elements. Moreover, for uranium the values ranged from less than < 2 to 540 ng L-1. The highest concentrations in waters were observed only in four cities. Statistical methods such as Pearson correlation, PCA and HCA analysis were applied to the data set to shed some light on the behavior of the elements in water in this study. Three major groups with similar characteristics were identified and six diagrams of REE signatures in fountain waters were plotted according to their groupings of subdivisions. Using the REE-Post-Archean Australian Shale (PAAS) normalized patterns it was possible to verify presence of distinct REE signatures and recognize that the two samples belong to the same aquifer type. (author)

  4. A phytosociological study of Signal Hill, Cape Town, utilizing both perennial and ephemeral species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Joubert

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available A phytosociological study based on the collection of vegetation and environmental data from 53 randomly stratified sample plots on Signal Hill, Cape Town, was carried out over an area of 124 ha. The survey extended over 12 months to ensure the inclusion of as many plant species as possible, and a list of the vascular plant species was compiled. A total of 81 families, 255 genera and 460 species was identified. The phytosociological method revealed that only one major plant community occurs in the study area and two subcommunities, with a total of five variants correlated mostly with aspect and historic land use, were identified. The perennially and seasonally identifiable species were analysed separately to determine their relative contribution to the phytosociological classification. The two data sets gave similar classifications. A vegetation map as well as a soil map was compiled.

  5. TRANSFORMATION FACTORS OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONSCIOUSNESS AND ACTION IN IIDA CITY RESIDENTS - ATTEITION TO ENVIRONMENTAL MEASURES AND SOCIAL CAPITAL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirai, Nobuo; Higuchi, Kazukiyo; Tokai, Akihiro

    Iida City in Nagano Prefecture is a town with an advanced environmental strategy including citizenry participation in the town's environment plan, a network of EMS (Environmental Management system) businesses, and a citizens' solar power system. In this study, a questionnaire of Iida residents was carried out to determine their environmental consciousness, and the effect on their actions. It also examined the influence of current environmental measures on the residents, and the relation between the level of social capital and residents' environmental considerations. The results indicate that the environmental consideration level of the senior citizen group is higher than that of the entire Japan in Iida City, and environmental measures has improved the residents' environmental consciousness. And it is thought the environmental consideration level of the senior citizen group is related to the level of social capital.

  6. [Particle Size Distribution and Pollutant Speciation Analyses of Stormwater Runoff in the Ancient Town of Suzhou].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Huai; Wu, Wei; Tian, Yong-jing; Huang, Tian-yin

    2016-02-15

    The particle size distribution (PSD) and its transformation processes in the stormwater runoffs in the ancient town of Suzhou were studied based on the particles size analyses, the water-quality monitoring data and the parameters of the rainfall-runoff models. The commercial districts, the modern residential area, the old residential area, the traffic area and the landscape tourist area were selected as the five functional example areas in the ancient town of Suzhou. The effects of antecedent dry period, the rainfall intensity and the amount of runoffs on the particle size distributions were studied, and the existing forms of the main pollutants in different functional areas and their possible relations were analyzed as well. The results showed that the particle size distribution, the migration processes and the output characteristics in the stormwater runoffs were greatly different in these five functional areas, which indicated different control measures for the pollution of the runoffs should be taken in the design process. The antecedent dry period, the rainfall intensity and the amount of runoffs showed significant correlations with the particle size distribution, showing these were the important factors. The output of the particles was greatly influenced by the flow scouring in the early period of the rainfall, and the correlations between the amount of runoffs and the particle migration ability presented significant difference in 30% (early period) and 70% (later period) of the runoff volume. The major existence form of the output pollutants was particle, and the correlation analyses of different diameter particles showed that the particles smaller than 150 microm were the dominant carrier of the pollutants via adsorption and accumulation processes. PMID:27363145

  7. Survey of population health in towns with nuclear and fossil fuel power plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ivanov, E.; Shubik, V. M.

    2004-07-01

    Comparative assessment of population health in Sosnovy Bor with nuclear power plant and Kirovsk with fossil fuel power station was made for public and administration information. Both towns are located in Leningrad administrative region at 150 km distance from each other. In nuclear power town radiological situation was assessed as normal and in Kirovsk up to 1995 yr. with coal fuel, maximum permissible levels of suspended particle of sulfur oxide in atmosphere were exceeded in 6-9% of samples. After 1995 yr. the natural gas was used as fuel. Demographic data for 1991-2000 yrs indicate that mortality including infants mortality and stillborns was lower in Sosnovy Bor (NOS) then in Kirovsk (fossil fuel) and on average Leningrad administrative region. Birth rate and population growth was higher in Sosnovy Bor at the same time surprisingly the recorded morbidity was higher in Sosnovy Bor which might be explained by extensive medical supervision and improved diagnostics. However, cancer and tuberculosis morbidity was lower in Sosnovy Bor. In Kirovsk in 1997-2000 yrs. oncological morbidity was higher on average comparing to Leningrad administrative region. Oncological mortality in Sosnovy Bor in 1997-2000 yrs. was lower than in Kirovsk and Leningrad region Standardized annual mortality in Sosnovy Bor, Kirovsk and Leningrad administrative region was 128.3, 209.6 and 211.7 on 100 000 respectively. Health state of pregnant women, deliveries, new-born condition were all in normal range in Sosnovy Bor, contrary to higher increased abortion rate and pregnancy complications in Kirovsk. These findings need further studies. (Author)

  8. Prevalence and predictors of intestinal parasites among food handlers in Yebu Town, southwest Ethiopia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamirat Tefera

    Full Text Available As a result of urbanization, eating and drinking from food service establishments is becoming a common practice in developing countries like Ethiopia, which increases the chances of food borne diseases. The health status and hygiene practices of food handlers are the major determinants of food contamination. In developing countries where there are poor regulatory systems for food hygiene, food handlers are often appointed without screening for possible infections associated with poor hygiene like intestinal parasites.This study aimed at determining the prevalence and predictors of intestinal parasites and assessing the hygiene practices among food handlers in Yebu Town, southwest Ethiopia.A cross-sectional study was conducted among a total of 118 food handlers in Yebu Town in January 2011. Fresh stool specimens were collected and processed using both direct wet mount and Formol ether concentration techniques.The overall prevalence of intestinal parasites among the study subjects was 44.1% (52/118. Ascaris lumbricoides and hookworm spp were the predominant parasites identified from the stool of study participants. Age above 35 years (AOR: 4.8, 95% CI: 1.1, 21.8, no regular practice of washing hands before a meal (AOR: 7.8, 95% CI: 2.8, 24.8, and untrimmed finger nail (AOR: 14.7, 95% CI: 2.8, 75.4 were independent predictors of intestinal parasitic infection among the food handlers.The present study showed high prevalence of intestinal parasites among the study subjects. The study also revealed poor personal hygiene like poor practice of hand washing and poor finger nail hygiene. Therefore, much has to be done to improve the personal hygiene of the food handlers. Pre-placement and periodic screening of food handlers for parasites and prompt treatment, and health education on regular trimming or cleaning of fingernails would be the way forward for prevention of food borne diseases.

  9. Modernisation of Public Buildings in Polish Towns and the Concept of Sustainable Building

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chodkowska-Miszczuk Justyna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to identify the scale of energy efficiency improvements in public buildings in Polish towns as representative of sustainable building. The study area is investigated from the perspective of challenges arising from the current policy in the EU. The article indicates that, given the age of public buildings in Poland, the best way to implement the concept of sustainable building is to improve their present stock. The modernisation of public buildings is discussed in terms of project location, project value, sources of funding (including EU funds, and the use of buildings undergoing modernisation. According to the research findings, the implementation of the sustainable building concept is determined by both, exogenous factors (EU directives and domestic laws, etc. and endogenous ones (e.g. human resources and their quality

  10. Experimental Investigation of the Transition between Autler-Townes Splitting and Electromagnetically-Induced Transparency

    CERN Document Server

    Giner, L; Sparkes, B; Sheremet, A S; Nicolas, A; Mishina, O S; Scherman, M; Burks, S; Shomroni, I; Kupriyanov, D V; Lam, P K; Giacobino, E; Laurat, J

    2012-01-01

    Two phenomena can affect the transmission of a weak signal field through an absorbing medium in the presence of a strong additional field: electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) and Autler-Townes splitting (ATS). Being able to discriminate between the two is important for various applications. Here we present an experimental investigation into a method that allows for such a disambiguation as proposed in [Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 163604 (2011)]. We apply the proposed test based on Akaike's information criterion to a coherently driven ensemble of cold cesium atoms and find a good agreement with theoretical predictions, therefore demonstrating the suitability of the method. Additionally, our results demonstrate that the value of the Rabi frequency for the ATS/EIT model transition in such a system depends on the level structure and on the residual inhomogeneous broadening.

  11. The ecological future of cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonnell, Mark J; MacGregor-Fors, Ian

    2016-05-20

    The discipline of urban ecology arose in the 1990s, primarily motivated by a widespread interest in documenting the distribution and abundance of animals and plants in cities. Today, urban ecologists have greatly expanded their scope of study to include ecological and socioeconomic processes, urban management, planning, and design, with the goal of addressing issues of sustainability, environmental quality, and human well-being within cities and towns. As the global pace of urbanization continues to intensify, urban ecology provides the ecological and social data, as well as the principles, concepts and tools, to create livable cities. PMID:27199416

  12. `Old-New' Mining Towns - Examples of the Renovation and Adaptation of Post-Industrial Objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langer, Piotr

    2016-06-01

    Poland's economic transformation has proved to be a critical phase in the contemporary development of its industrial cities, initiating profound spatial and functional changes. In researching the basics of the development of `post-industrial' cities, it can be seen that the work undertaken is focused on reusing post-industrial buildings and objects. This results not only in functional changes in the appearance and condition of the transformed structures, but also preserves or destroys their authenticity and historical identity. This problem is linked with several phenomena, including `aware inactivity', `destructive adaptation', and `false revitalization'.

  13. A possible spatial and temporal cluster of multiple sclerosis in the town of Linguaglossa, Sicily.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicoletti, Alessandra; Lo Fermo, Salvatore; Reggio, Ester; Tarantello, Rosangela; Liberto, Alfredo; Le Pira, Francesco; Patti, Francesco; Reggio, Arturo

    2005-08-01

    We carried out an epidemiological survey to determine prevalence and incidence of multiple sclerosis in the little town of Linguaglossa in the Province of Catania. We calculated prevalence rate as point prevalence at 1 January 2001 and incidence during 1991-2000. We studied the frequency of multiple sclerosis in the community of Linguaglossa in a population of 5,422 inhabitants in the 2001 census. The primary sources for the case ascertainment were the general practitioners of Linguaglossa, the local Italian Multiple Sclerosis Association and the neurological departments, Multiple Sclerosis Centers and private neurologists of the province of Catania. We considered as prevalent and incident cases all patients who satisfied the Poser's diagnostic criteria. We detected 11 patients with multiple sclerosis who had had the onset of disease on prevalent day (P.D.). The onset-adjusted prevalence rate was 203/100,000 (95% CI 107-352). Prevalence was higher in women (247/100,000) than in men (154/100,000). From 1991 to 2000, 10 subjects with MS had clinical onset of disease. The mean annual incidence risk was 18.2/100,000 (C. I. 95 % 5.9-42.5). Conversely in the same population prevalence on 1 January 1991 was 37/100,000 while the onset adjusted annual incidence risk during the previous decade (1981-1991) was 3.6/100,000. Prevalence and incidence rates of MS during the last decade in the little town of Linguaglossa are higher than those found in the same area during the previous ten years and also than those reported in other Sicilian and Italian surveys suggesting a possible cluster of MS. PMID:15789132

  14. Analysis of Urban Expansion and Driving Forces in Xuzhou City Based on Remote Sensing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Zhao-ling; DU Pei-jun; GUO Da-zhi

    2007-01-01

    Based on satellite remote sensing TM/ETM+ images of Xuzhou city, land use forms of the city in 1987, 1994 and 2000 were extracted by using a neural network classification method. The expansion contribution rate and annual expansion intensity index of each administrative district have been calculated and the contribution rate matrices and spatial distribution maps of land use changes were obtained. Based on the above analysis, the characteristics of urban expansion from 1987 to 2000 have been explored. From 1987 to 1994, the expansion contribution rate of Quanshan district reached 46.80%, the highest in all administrative districts of Xuzhou city; Tongshan town was in a high-speed expansion period; both Quanshan and Yunlong districts were experiencing fast-speed expansion periods while the entire city was expanding at a medium-speed with an annual expansion intensity index of 0.98; the city spread eastwards and southwards. From 1994 to 2000, the expansion contribution rate of Quanshan district reached 43.67%, the highest in Xuzhou; the entire city was in a medium-speed expansion period with an annual expansion intensity index of 1.04; the city has rapidly been extended towards the southeast. According to the contribution rate matrices of land use changes, urban expansion mainly usurps cropland and woodland. A quantitative analysis found that population growth, industrialization and economic development are the primary driving forces behind urban expansion.

  15. Social organization and control of tuberculosis: the experience of a Brazilian town

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Favero Bulgarelli

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: this study was aimed at analyzing the participation of a committee formed by representatives of the community in tuberculosis control based on a participatory management model. METHOD: this is a Case Study involving a tuberculosis committee with data collected through semi-structured interviews conducted with nine individuals. The data, organized through the Association of Ideas Map technique, were analyzed based on the Social Constructionism perspective. RESULTS: the participation of the Tuberculosis Committee studied was shown to be effective and associated with aspects articulated according to the measures taken by the social parties involved in the committee, culminating with assistances inserted into certain parts of the town's co-management. CONCLUSION: it was concluded that the reality of this case study shows that relationships among civil society can guide the management model in the search for effective processes of tuberculosis control.

  16. Frontier Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KIT GILET

    2008-01-01

    @@ As one of the first Treaty Ports opened up to iforeign interests in the mid-19th century, Tianjin--and more specifically the nearby port area now part of TEDA (Tianjin Economic and Development Area)--has long been looked on with intrigue by foreign investors.

  17. For a Safer City. A Friendlier City. And a More Beautiful City.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Busi

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The issue of the safety of mobility in the urban environment has been emerging as a primary social topic for some time now due to the number of casualties and, more generally, due to the impact on living conditions in the city. If correctly formulated, in fact, this subject has implications primarily and fundamentally with regard to the quality of urban life, as the citizen, and the vulnerable road user in particular, is severely restricted in their use of urban public paces. Consequently, an increasingly greater focus is being placed on acquiring methods, techniques and strategies for addressing the issue of planning, constructing and managing roads, squares and urban green spaces (and above all, applying the logic of reclaiming the historic and consolidated city in order that the city can be used to its full potential by the citizen. The subject itself therefore presents an opportunity to re-establish urban planning regulations (and, more generally, city regulations in accordance with the renewed interest in public spaces. The article discusses this matter and includes supporting elements and examples, also referring to the implications on the urban landscape.

  18. Parcels and Land Ownership, Tax parcels in the towns, villages, and the City of Kiel in Manitowoc County. Digital parcel maps were originally created in 2002 - 2005 from numerous sources including WiDNR LandNet, scanned registered/rectified hand-drawn parcel maps, and digital ortho, Published in 2013, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Manitowoc County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Parcels and Land Ownership dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2013. It...

  19. 76 FR 58523 - National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Town Hall Meeting on the Future of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Town Hall Meeting on the Future of the Regional Centers of Excellence for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases (RCE) Program; Notice of...

  20. “新型城镇化”背景下旅游古镇的保护与复兴%The town revival and protection in the context of the new urbanization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙莹; 李振兴

    2012-01-01

      As a very representative of the small tourist towns ,the tourist town has been more and more attention in recent years .The construction of tourist town ,for the establishment of industry to subsidize agriculture ,urban and rural interaction and coordinated devel-opment of new urban-rural relations and solve the three rural issue ,accelerate the building of new socialist countryside is important . The revival of tourist towns can well speed up the urban development ,the establishment of the city with rural long -term mechanism to push forward the construction of new countryside ,in the accelerating process of new urbanization has a supporting role .The meaning of the town revival is the basis of historical and cultural heritage effective protection ,to achieve physical ,functional ,and cultural revival of the three .I will study the tourist town revival and protection in the context of the new urbanization and focus from thinking about the characteristics of the new urbanization .Finally ,I propose the”six integration”measures for the tourist town cultural protection and re-vival .%  旅游古镇作为一种非常有代表性的旅游小城镇,近年来受到越来越多的关注。旅游小镇的建设,对于建立以工补农、城乡互动、协调发展的新型城乡关系,破解“三农”问题,加快推进社会主义新农村建设具有重要意义。旅游小城镇的复兴能够很好地加快城镇发展,建立以城带乡的长效机制,扎实推进新农村建设,在加快新型城镇化进程中具有支撑作用。古镇复兴的内涵是在历史文化遗产得到有效保护的基础上,实现物质、功能、文化三方面的复兴。基于新型城镇化背景下研究旅游古镇的保护与复兴,着重从新型城镇化的特征进行思考,最后,提出对于旅游古镇文化保护与复兴的“六个一体化”措施。