WorldWideScience

Sample records for circuses

  1. Science Circus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Rhys D.

    2006-12-01

    As a Smithsonian artist in residence Rhys Thomas taught basic Newtonian Physics using circus tricks. As an Oregon Museum of Science and Industry outreach performer he has used his juggling and equilibristic skills to demonstrate gyroscopics, gravity, inertia and other topics in 10 states and three countries. Rhys will share his insights and tips on "performing" rather than just "presenting" physics. He will perform some demos ala Ed Sullivan. He will also discuss how a basic understanding of physics has influenced his artistic expression in non-educational theatrical performances that earned him an Oregon Arts Fellowship in 2005. Sponsored by Stanley Micklavzina of the University of Oregon.

  2. International guide to the circus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huey, R.; Albrecht, E.; Belbahri, N.; Brunsdale, M.; Christian, J.; Garcia, J.; Giarola, A.; Jando, D.; Lehmann, R.; Marier, F.; Nieminen, K.; Parkinson, G.; Pierce, R.D.; Revolledo Cárdenas, J.; Rodenhuis, W.; Serena, A.; Schlotfeldt, A.; Shaina, C.; Shrake, P.; Simon, M.; St. Leon, M.; Stone, C.; Cooper, J.; Tamaoki, V.; Winkler, G.

    2012-01-01

    An easy-to-read publication defining 100 key circus terms translated in nine languages. The 24-page full color Guide (A4 size) is categorized by aerial acts, acrobatics, balancing, juggling, daredevil and specialty acts, clowning and performing animals. Terms are illustrated by photographs supplied

  3. The news in 2006 international circus festivals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭云鹏

    2006-01-01

    The thirty years“Golden Clown”It is rare for any event to capture the imagination of an entire population but the whole of Monaco seemed to be in the grip of circus fever for the 30th International Monte Carlo Circus Festival.

  4. International guide to the circus. - 2015 edition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huey, R.; Albrecht, E.; Belbahri, N.; Brunsdale, M.; Christian, J.; Garcia, J.; Giarola, A.; Jando, D.; Lehmann, R.; Marier, F.; Nieminen, K.; Parkinson, G.; Pierce, R.D.; Revolledo Cárdenas, J.; Rodenhuis, W.; Serena, A.; Schlotfeldt, A.; Shaina, C.; Shrake, P.; Simon, M.; St. Leon, M.; Stone, C.; Cooper, J.; Tamaoki, V.; Winkler, G.

    2015-01-01

    An easy-to-read publication defining 100 key circus terms translated in nine languages. The 2015 edition has been re-created in a smaller "pocket" version, 44 pages in length and weighing 63 grams per book. Additional images have been added to illustrate terms and each book is sold complete with a b

  5. [Keeping of horses in circus and show businesses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollmann, U

    2002-03-01

    The conditions under which horses are kept and the performance of acts in the circus ring may give rise to animal protection-relevant aspects for circus and show horses. A number of intolerable conditions under which horses are kept and procedures adopted for the work with circus and show horses are described. In addition, attention is drawn to monitoring methods capable of exposing the deplorable shortcomings of these businesses.

  6. [Keeping of elephants in the zoo and circus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rietschel, W

    2002-03-01

    There is a decrease in the number of elephants kept in European zoological gardens and circus companies. In the future the import of animals will only be possible for holders which are able to keep family-groups of elephants under species-specific conditions. This will not be possible under circus conditions. This article will describe some problems observed in elephant holdings in zoological gardens and circus companies.

  7. The New Performance Magic Horse Show by Sichuan Circus Appearing in Chengdu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马洁

    2007-01-01

    After years of hard working and coordinated with acrobatic and circus experts, Sichuan Circus created an excellent modern Magic Horse Show. Besides acrobatics, magic, comedy and singing and dancing, Magic Horse

  8. [The introduction of paddocks in circus elephant husbandry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmid, J; Zeeb, K

    1994-02-01

    The guidelines for the keeping, the education and the using of animals in circuses and similar institutions, which are made in connection with the law for prevention of cruelty to animals, claim to keep elephants daily one hour unshackled in the group in a paddock. This paper deals with the effect of the paddock to the social, the play, and the comfort behaviour, and the stereotyped movements of circus elephants. Basically for the behaviour of kept elephants are results of observations in nature. A pilot study with 29 elephants in four circuses showed that the paddock enabled the elephants to carry out social and comfort behaviour more frequently than in the shackled keeping. The stereotyped movements were nearly absent by keeping the elephants in the paddock. If they keep shackled, this behaviour anomaly will take up much time.

  9. Angels and legs: a “circus girl” in the Brazilian artistic imagination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilmar Rocha

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Wherever they go the circus and circus arts have always captured the attention of people in small and large cities. Artists were not indifferent to this influence; it is what reveals the heterogeneous production of circus representations in the field of literature, the visual arts, music etc. This can be understood as a short essay since it is a brief incursion into the Brazilian artistic imagination which presents the first reflections regarding the female circus performer, here, poetically christened, as a "circus girl". It is a symbolic analysis inspired on Nietzsche’s tragic philosophy.

  10. SCJ-Circus: a refinement-oriented formal notation for Safety-Critical Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvaro Miyazawa

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Safety-Critical Java (SCJ is a version of Java whose goal is to support the development of real-time, embedded, safety-critical software. In particular, SCJ supports certification of such software by introducing abstractions that enforce a simpler architecture, and simpler concurrency and memory models. In this paper, we present SCJ-Circus, a refinement-oriented formal notation that supports the specification and verification of low-level programming models that include the new abstractions introduced by SCJ. SCJ-Circus is part of the family of state-rich process algebra Circus, as such, SCJ-Circus includes the Circus constructs for modelling sequential and concurrent behaviour, real-time and object orientation. We present here the syntax and semantics of SCJ-Circus, which is defined by mapping SCJ-Circus constructs to those of standard Circus. This is based on an existing approach for modelling SCJ programs. We also extend an existing Circus-based refinement strategy that targets SCJ programs to account for the generation of SCJ-Circus models close to implementations in SCJ.

  11. CAA presented 2005 IBM Convention and inspected New Shanghai Circus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭云鹏

    2005-01-01

    Invited by IBM and Non-stop Creativity Corporation, Lin Jian, secretary general and vice president of CAA, and Shao Xuemin, vice secretary general of CAA, presented 2005 IBM Convention and inspected New Shanghai Circus from June 28 to July 14, 2005. Magic Art Committee of CAA joined the IBM and became the ring 311 in 1995. 2005 IBM Convention was held in Reno, USA. 1200 magicians and magic lovers from 17 countries, including USA, Britain, New Zealand, Sweden, Switzerland and so on, presented the grand c...

  12. Morphology of Blastocystis sp. isolated from circus animals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stenzel, D J; Cassidy, M F; Boreham, P F

    1993-08-01

    Blastocystis sp. is reported for the first time from faecal samples collected from a camel, a llama, a highland bull and a lion in a travelling circus. Fresh faecal specimens were examined by light and electron microscopy, and vacuolar and cyst forms of similar morphology were present in all three ungulates. These cells were smaller than cultured vacuolar cells of Blastocystis hominis isolated from humans and contained only a single vacuole in comparison to the multivacuolar cell found in fresh human faeces. The taxonomic relationship of Blastocystis isolated from humans and ungulates remains to be determined. The number of parasites present in the lion sample was too small to make valid comparisons.

  13. PHOTOTROPIC CIRCUS MOVEMENTS OF LIMAX AS AFFECTED BY TEMPERATURE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crozier, W J; Federighi, H

    1924-09-20

    1. The theory of animal phototropism requires for particular instances a knowledge of the action of light as exerted through each of two bilaterally located receptors functioning singly. The measurement of "circus movements" which this involves must be concerned with such aspects of the reaction as are demonstrably dependent upon the effect of light. 2. The negatively phototropic slug Limax maximus exhibits very definite and continuous circus movement under vertical illumination when one eye-tentacle has been removed. The amplitude of the circling movement, measured in degrees deflection per cm. of path as an index of maintained differential tonus, is intimately related to the concurrent velocity of creeping. Analysis of the orienting mechanism is facilitated by the fact that in gasteropods such as Limax the animal creeps by means of the pedal organ, but orients (turns) by a totally distinct set of muscles in the dorsal and lateral regions of the body wall. 3. The expression of the phototropic orienting tendency, with illumination constant, is greatly influenced by the temperature. Above a zone centering at 15 degrees , the amplitude of turning (degrees per cm. of path) is determined by the temperature in accurate agreement with Arrhenius' equation for chemical reaction velocity, with the critical increment micro = 16,820; and the rate of creeping is progressively less as the temperature rises, micro for its reciprocal being 10,900. Below 15 degrees , the velocity of creeping becomes less the the lower the temperature, micro being again 16,800; while the amplitude of orientation is limited merely by the velocity of creeping, its reciprocal being directly proportional thereto. 4. Measurements of Limax circus movements in terms of turning deflection as function of light intensity must therefore be carried out at a temperature well above 15 degrees . 5. The analysis provides a gross physical model of how an end-result may be influenced by temperature according to the

  14. A Seven-Year Longitudinal Study of the Research Outcomes for the CASPER Physics Circus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmona-Reyes, Jorge; Land-Zandstra, Anna; Stark, Gary; Tarman, Lisa; Menefee, Matt; Wang, Li; Cook, Mike; Schmoke, Jimmy; Matthews, Lorin; Hyde, Truell

    2014-10-01

    The CASPER Physics Circus was specifically designed to increase student interest in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) careers where the current generation of scientists and engineers is rapidly approaching retirement age. The Physics Circus followed Waco and LaVega ISD students starting in the sixth grade and ending in the twelfth grade with this cohort group attending the Physics Circus event on the Baylor University campus, interacting with CASPER graduate students and participating in hands-on instructional activities. The event was designed as an informal learning environment intervention and operated under the discovery, project and guided-inquiry base framework wrapped in a learner-center ideology. Participating students were allowed to experiment with hands-on manipulatives while interacting with physicists, science educators and graduate students in both STEM and science education fields. Professional Development was also a part of the Physics Circus for all science teachers within the cohort. This paper presents the results of a seven-year longitudinal study on the Physics Circus and presents future plans to expand the program's effectiveness and impact.

  15. [Keeping of bears and big cats in the zoo and circus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rietschel, W

    2002-03-01

    The exhibition of bears and big cats in zoo and circus causes regular criticism, justified and unjustified, by people engaged in the prevention of cruelty to animals. Main points of critique are holding conditions, feeding and health status of the animals. The official veterinarian involved in the supervision often needs the cooperation of a specialised zoo veterinarian. In most cases the clinical examination of bears and big cats requires an immobilisation. This article will enter into some of the most common holding problems and diseases of big carnivores in zoo and circus.

  16. CIRCUS--A digital computer program for transient analysis of electronic circuits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, W. T.; Steinbert, L. L.

    1968-01-01

    Computer program simulates the time domain response of an electronic circuit to an arbitrary forcing function. CIRCUS uses a charge-control parameter model to represent each semiconductor device. Given the primary photocurrent, the transient behavior of a circuit in a radiation environment is determined.

  17. The role of zoos in the rehabilitation of animals in the circus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Brij Kishor; Chakraborty, Bipul

    2005-01-01

    In 1998, the government of India enforced a ban on performance/exhibition of 5 species of nonhuman animals: (a) lions, (b) tigers, (c) leopards, (d) bears, and (e) monkeys. The Ministry of Environment and Forests gave the responsibility to the Central Zoo Authority (CZA) for rehabilitation of these animals. Between 1999 and 2001, the CZA created rescue centers for rehabilitation of lions and tigers in the off-display areas of 5 zoos: (a) Bangalore, (b) Chennai, (c) Vishakhapatnam, (d) Tirupathi, and (e) Jaipur. Today, the CZA has rehabilitated 314 lions and tigers from circuses. The CZA has been meeting the expenses toward maintenance (feeding of and providing health care for) of the animals, outsourcing of staff, and maintaining enclosures. This article focuses on the mammoth work that the selected zoos had to carry out in rehabilitating the lions and tigers from the circuses.

  18. Human cowpox virus infection acquired from a circus elephant in Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemmer, Christoph J; Littmann, Martina; Löbermann, Micha; Meyer, Hermann; Petschaelis, Angelika; Reisinger, Emil C

    2010-09-01

    A 40-year-old Asian circus elephant developed mouth and trunk ulcers. Three weeks later, her 19-year-old animal warden noticed a vesicle on his forearm, evolving into a scab. Identical cowpox strains were isolated from lesions of the elephant and the warden. Cowpox virus could no longer be isolated after the scab disappeared, but PCR still revealed orthopox DNA. Healing was complete seven weeks later, leaving a 1 cm scar.

  19. Razzle Dazzle Reading Circus: A Bibliography of Books in Recorded and Braille Formats for Young Readers from Preschool through Junior High. Silver Summer Scrapbook--Summer Library Program, 1993.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumner, Mary Ann, Comp.

    This annotated bibliography comprises an alphabetical listing of 34 books on circuses available in special formats. The list has books about true circus stories; make believe stories; and circus animals. The reading levels of the books range from preschool through junior high school. Formats included in the bibliography are cassette books; braille…

  20. Fiche Pratique: Magic Circus; Une revolte? Non, une revolution!; 1789: tous en scene; Lexique de didactique, les 39 marches. (Practical Ideas: Magic Circus; A Revolt? No, a Revolution!; 1789: All on Stage; The Vocabulary of Instruction: 39 Steps).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezende de Rezende, Eleonora; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Four articles present practical classroom ideas related to language instruction, including (1) a children's circus production; (2) a language-learning game using the French Revolution as its theme; (3) a play using the French Revolution as its theme; and (4) definitions of terminology used in language teaching. (MSE)

  1. Testing a novel agri-environment scheme based on the ecology of the target species, Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schlaich, Almut E.; Klaassen, Raymond H. G.; Bouten, Willem; Both, Christiaan; Koks, Ben J.

    2015-01-01

    Farmland birds are in steep decline and agri-environment schemes (AES) to counteract these biodiversity losses are expensive and inefficient. Here we test a novel AES, Birdfields', designed using detailed ecological knowledge of the target species, Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus. Current AES, suc

  2. Functional reentry and circus movement arrhythmias in the small intestine of normal and diabetic rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lammers, Wim J E P; Stephen, B; Karam, S M

    2012-04-01

    In a few recent studies, the presence of arrhythmias based on reentry and circus movement of the slow wave have been shown to occur in normal and diseased stomachs. To date, however, reentry has not been demonstrated before in any other part of the gastrointestinal system. No animals had to be killed for this study. Use was made of materials obtained during the course of another study in which 11 rats were treated with streptozotocin and housed with age-matched controls. After 3 and 7 mo, segments of duodenum, jejunum, and ileum were isolated and positioned in a tissue bath. Slow wave propagation was recorded with 121 extracellular electrodes. After the experiment, the propagation of the slow waves was reconstructed. In 10 of a total of 66 intestinal segments (15%), a circus movement of the slow wave was detected. These reentries were seen in control (n = 2) as well as in 3-mo (n = 2) and 7-mo (n = 6) diabetic rats. Local conduction velocities and beat-to-beat intervals during the reentries were measured (0.42 ± 0.15 and 3.03 ± 0.67 cm/s, respectively) leading to a wavelength of 1.3 ± 0.5 cm and a circuit diameter of 4.1 ± 1.5 mm. This is the first demonstration of a reentrant arrhythmia in the small intestine of control and diabetic rats. Calculations of the size of the circuits indicate that they are small enough to fit inside the intestinal wall. Extrapolation based on measured velocities and rates indicate that reentrant arrhythmias are also possible in the distal small intestine of larger animals including humans.

  3. Effect of Regular Circus Physical Exercises on Lymphocytes in Overweight Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Momesso dos Santos, Cesar Miguel; Sato, Fábio Takeo; Cury-Boaventura, Maria Fernanda; Guirado-Rodrigues, Silvia Helena; Caçula, Kim Guimaraes; Gonçalves Santos, Cristiane Cassoni; Hatanaka, Elaine; de Oliveira, Heloisa Helena; Santos, Vinicius Coneglian; Murata, Gilson; Borges-Silva, Cristina Neves; Hirabara, Sandro Massao; Pithon-Curi, Tania Cristina; Gorjão, Renata

    2015-01-01

    Obesity associated with a sedentary lifestyle can lead to changes in the immune system balance resulting in the development of inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to compare lymphocyte activation mechanisms between overweight children practicing regular circus physical exercises with non-exercised children. The study comprised 60 pubescent children randomly divided into 4 groups: Overweight Children (OWC) (10.67 ± 0.22 years old), Overweight Exercised Children (OWE) (10.00 ± 0.41 years old), Eutrophic Children (EC) (11.00 ± 0.29 years old) and Eutrophic Exercised Children (EE) (10.60 ± 0.29 years old). OWE and EE groups practiced circus activities twice a week, for 4.3 ± 0.5 and 4.4 ± 0.5 months, respectively. Percentage of T regulatory cells (Treg) and the expression of CD95 and CD25 in CD4+ lymphocytes were evaluated by flow cytometry. Lymphocyte proliferation capacity was measured by [14C]-thymidine incorporation and mRNA expression of IL-35, TGF-beta, IL-2 and IL-10 by real-time PCR. Lymphocyte proliferation was higher in OWC and OWE groups compared with the EC (3509 ± 887; 2694 ± 560, and 1768 ± 208 cpm, respectively) and EE (2313 ± 111 cpm) groups. CD95 expression on lymphocytes was augmented in the EC (953.9 ± 101.2) and EE groups (736.7 ± 194.6) compared with the OWC (522.1 ± 125.2) and OWE groups (551.6 ± 144.5). CTLA-4 expression was also lower in the OWC and OWE groups compared with the EC and EE groups. Percentage of Treg, IL-35, and IL-10 mRNA expression were lower in the OWC and OWE groups compared with the EC and EE groups. In conclusion, overweight children present altered immune system balance characterized by elevated lymphocyte proliferation due to a decrease in T regulatory cell percentage. These effects were partially reverted by moderate physical exercise, as demonstrated by decreased lymphocyte proliferation. PMID:25826263

  4. Effect of regular circus physical exercises on lymphocytes in overweight children.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cesar Miguel Momesso dos Santos

    Full Text Available Obesity associated with a sedentary lifestyle can lead to changes in the immune system balance resulting in the development of inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to compare lymphocyte activation mechanisms between overweight children practicing regular circus physical exercises with non-exercised children. The study comprised 60 pubescent children randomly divided into 4 groups: Overweight Children (OWC (10.67 ± 0.22 years old, Overweight Exercised Children (OWE (10.00 ± 0.41 years old, Eutrophic Children (EC (11.00 ± 0.29 years old and Eutrophic Exercised Children (EE (10.60 ± 0.29 years old. OWE and EE groups practiced circus activities twice a week, for 4.3 ± 0.5 and 4.4 ± 0.5 months, respectively. Percentage of T regulatory cells (Treg and the expression of CD95 and CD25 in CD4+ lymphocytes were evaluated by flow cytometry. Lymphocyte proliferation capacity was measured by [14C]-thymidine incorporation and mRNA expression of IL-35, TGF-beta, IL-2 and IL-10 by real-time PCR. Lymphocyte proliferation was higher in OWC and OWE groups compared with the EC (3509 ± 887; 2694 ± 560, and 1768 ± 208 cpm, respectively and EE (2313 ± 111 cpm groups. CD95 expression on lymphocytes was augmented in the EC (953.9 ± 101.2 and EE groups (736.7 ± 194.6 compared with the OWC (522.1 ± 125.2 and OWE groups (551.6 ± 144.5. CTLA-4 expression was also lower in the OWC and OWE groups compared with the EC and EE groups. Percentage of Treg, IL-35, and IL-10 mRNA expression were lower in the OWC and OWE groups compared with the EC and EE groups. In conclusion, overweight children present altered immune system balance characterized by elevated lymphocyte proliferation due to a decrease in T regulatory cell percentage. These effects were partially reverted by moderate physical exercise, as demonstrated by decreased lymphocyte proliferation.

  5. Proto-CIRCUS Tilted-Coil Tokamak-Torsatron Hybrid: Design and Construction

    CERN Document Server

    Clark, A W; Hammond, K C; Kornbluth, Y; Spong, D A; Sweeney, R; Volpe, F A

    2014-01-01

    We present the field-line modeling, design and construction of a prototype circular-coil tokamak-torsatron hybrid called Proto-CIRCUS. The device has a major radius R = 16 cm and minor radius a < 5 cm. The six "toroidal field" coils are planar as in a tokamak, but they are tilted. This, combined with induced or driven plasma current, is expected to generate rotational transform, as seen in field-line tracing and equilibrium calculations. The device is expected to operate at lower plasma current than a tokamak of comparable size and magnetic field, which might have interesting implications for disruptions and steady-state operation. Additionally, the toroidal magnetic ripple is less pronounced than in an equivalent tokamak in which the coils are not tilted. The tilted coils are interlocked, resulting in a relatively low aspect ratio, and can be moved, both radially and in tilt angle, between discharges. This capability will be exploited for detailed comparisons between calculations and field-line mapping me...

  6. Proto-CIRCUS tilted-coil tokamak–torsatron hybrid: Design and construction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clark, A.W.; Doumet, M.; Hammond, K.C. [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Kornbluth, Y. [Yeshiva University, New York, NY 10033 (United States); Spong, D.A. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37830 (United States); Sweeney, R. [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Volpe, F.A., E-mail: fvolpe@columbia.edu [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States)

    2014-11-15

    Highlights: • A tokamak-like device with tilted toroidal field (TF) coils needs less plasma current than a conventional tokamak. • Rotational transform is partly generated by external coils. Device can be considered a tokamak–torsatron hybrid. • We designed and constructed the first device of this type. • Tilted TF coils are interlinked to each other, which helps to reduce aspect ratio of plasma. • This is a six-coil generalization of CNT stellarator, also at Columbia University, which features two interlinked coils. - Abstract: We present the field-line modeling, design, and construction of a prototype circular-coil tokamak–torsatron hybrid called Proto-CIRCUS. The device has a major radius R = 16 cm and minor radius a < 5 cm. The six “toroidal field” coils are planar as in a tokamak, but they are tilted. This, combined with induced or driven plasma current, is expected to generate rotational transform, as seen in field-line tracing and equilibrium calculations. The device is expected to operate at lower plasma current than a tokamak of comparable size and magnetic field, which might have interesting implications for disruptions and steady-state operation. Additionally, the toroidal magnetic ripple is less pronounced than in an equivalent tokamak in which the coils are not tilted. The tilted coils are interlocked, resulting in a relatively low aspect ratio, and can be moved, both radially and in tilt angle, between discharges. This capability will be exploited for detailed comparisons between calculations and field-line mapping measurements. Such comparisons will reveal whether this relatively simple concept can generate the expected rotational transform.

  7. Womanliness as Masquerade: Tracing Luce Irigaray’s Theory in Angela Carter’s Nights at the Circus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yiğit Sümbül

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Womanliness as Masquerade: Tracing Luce Irigaray’s Theory in Angela Carter’s Nights at the Circus Abstract Published in 1977 with a great deal of controversy within European feminist circles, Luce Irigaray’s This Sex Which Is Not One presents the author’s commentary on the modern phallocentric culture, commodification of women and their counteraction disguised within the very patriarchal structures. Irigaray, for instance, views womanliness and female submissiveness as a strategy that women have always made use of in order to develop a much more unfettered self behind such masks. Women masquerade as objects to be consumed to achieve a freer voice from the patriarchal discourse and to establish themselves as the ultimate subjects of a never-ending cultural exchange. Irigaray’s views on female strategies such as masquerade and performativity are applicable to a feminist reading of Angela Carter’s famous postmodern novel, Nights at the Circus (1984, which critiques the patriarchal ideology with its suggestion of a New Woman. Fevvers, the protagonist of the novel, imprisons the male voice in the novel behind the invisible cage of her own world of performances and uses her womanliness to suppress the male willpower to the degree of self-submission. In this respect, this study argues that Carter’s generation of Fevvers as the New Woman is reminiscent of what Irigaray theorizes in her above article with respect to questions like womanliness, masquerade and performativity.

  8. Evaluation of Formal IDEs for Human-Machine Interface Design and Analysis: The Case of CIRCUS and PVSio-web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camille Fayollas

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Critical human-machine interfaces are present in many systems including avionics systems and medical devices. Use error is a concern in these systems both in terms of hardware panels and input devices, and the software that drives the interfaces. Guaranteeing safe usability, in terms of buttons, knobs and displays is now a key element in the overall safety of the system. New integrated development environments (IDEs based on formal methods technologies have been developed by the research community to support the design and analysis of high-confidence human-machine interfaces. To date, little work has focused on the comparison of these particular types of formal IDEs. This paper compares and evaluates two state-of-the-art toolkits: CIRCUS, a model-based development and analysis tool based on Petri net extensions, and PVSio-web, a prototyping toolkit based on the PVS theorem proving system.

  9. Varying types of circus movement re-entry with both normal and dissociated contralateral conduction causing different right and left atrial rhythms in canine atrial flutter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamauchi, S; Boineau, J P; Schuessler, R B; Cox, J L

    1998-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop an animal model of atrial flutter (AFL) or fibrillation (AFB) and to determine precisely the pathway of atrial activation during arrhythmias induced by programmed stimulation. In 10 dogs, a shunt from the left subclavian artery to the left upper pulmonary vein was created to produce left atrial enlargement. Five months later, using programmed electrical stimulation, it was possible to induce 17 sustained atrial tachycardias in 9 of the 10 dogs, including 9 episodes of AFL caused by circus movement re-entry, 6 episodes of focal tachycardia, and 2 episodes of AFB. Short cycle length left atrial tachycardias caused by either circus movement or a focus did not propagate in a uniform 1:1 pattern to the right atrium (RA), resulting in RA dissociation. In these arrhythmias, complex wavefronts from both current and preceding left atrial cycles coexisted in the RA. Circus movement was associated with a spectrum of different re-entrant pathways with different path lengths. These differences in the path length were determined by various ways in which obstacles such as the superior vena cava and orifice of the right atrial appendage or pulmonary vein orifices were combined by contiguous areas of functional block.

  10. Blood chemistry and hematologic values in free-living nestlings of Montagu's harriers (Circus pygargus) in a natural habitat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Limiñana, Ruben; López-Olvera, Jorge R; Gallardo, Miguel; Fordham, Margaret; Urios, Vicente

    2009-12-01

    The establishment of reference intervals for hematologic and blood chemistry values in a given species is essential for subsequent diagnosis of disease at rehabilitation facilities and in captive breeding programs. In this study, blood samples were obtained from nestlings (18 males and 22 females) of a natural-vegetation breeding population of Montagu's harrier (Circus pygargus) in eastern Spain in order to establish reference intervals for blood values. This is the first study documenting hematologic and biochemical reference intervals for free-living Montagu's harriers. The studied population may reflect typical blood values for the species, since it is a free-living population that seems not to be constrained by food availability, as it is the population of Montagu's harriers with the highest productivity within Europe. Differences related to sex, year, clutch size, brood size, and number of fledglings were analyzed. Packed cell volume and hemoglobin were significantly lower from nests with five chicks compared to values from nests with fewer chicks, indicating that the cost of rearing more than four chicks in this species may be excessive. Total protein, calcium (Ca), and phosphorus (P) were significantly lower in the year with lowest mean rainfall, which correlates with the worst breeding success rate since the population has been monitored. No gender differences were found; this is likely a result of the prepubertal age of the animals sampled.

  11. Surgical Correction of Posttraumatic Scapulothoracic Bursitis, Rhomboid Major Muscle Injury, Ipsilateral Glenohumeral Instability, and Headaches Resulting from Circus Acrobatic Maneuvers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John G. Skedros

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We report the case of a 28-year-old transgender (male-to-female patient that had a partial tear of the rhomboid major tendon, scapulothoracic bursitis, and glenohumeral instability on the same side. These conditions resulted from traumatic events during circus acrobatic maneuvers. Additional aspects of this case that make it unique include (1 the main traumatic event occurred during a flagpole exercise, where the patient’s trunk was suspended horizontally while a vertical pole was grasped with both hands, (2 headaches were associated with the periscapular injury and they improved after scapulothoracic bursectomy and rhomboid tendon repair, (3 surgical correction was done during the same operation with an open anterior capsular-labral reconstruction, open scapulothoracic bursectomy without bone resection, and rhomboid tendon repair, (4 a postoperative complication of tearing of the serratus anterior and rhomboid muscle attachments with recurrent scapulothoracic pain occurred from patient noncompliance, and (5 the postoperative complication was surgically corrected and ultimately resulted in an excellent outcome at the one-year final follow-up.

  12. “中国马戏之乡”特色文化动漫宣传片的创作概论%Introduction to Creating Unique Cultural Animation Promos for Chinese Circus Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏三强

    2012-01-01

    As the saying goes, Chinese circus is in Anhui Province, and Anhui circus in Yongqiao. This paper is to, taking Chinese circus town (Yongqiao circus) as an example, introduce the development of the unique culture by mainly using some animation creation softwares, such as Flash, Maya and so on, with the school - enterprise cooperation, to make cartoon promosand its derivative products. It has realistic significance to publicize this unique culture, to promote Yongqiao's economic and social development, to improve its green GDP, and so on.%“中国马戏在安徽,安徽马戏在踊桥”。以“中国马戏之乡”(宿州市埔桥马戏)为例,主要运用171ash、Maya等动画创作软件,校企合作开发踊桥马戏特色文化动漫宣传片及其衍生产品。对于宣传“中国马戏之乡”地方特色文化、推动踊桥经济社会发展、全面提升埔桥区的绿色GDP等方面,都具有现实的意义。

  13. Milton Nascimento: o circo como um lugar de memória cultural - Milton Nascimento: Circus as a place of cultural memory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Carlos de Souza

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1980-4512.2013n28p211   Trata-se de uma oficina de cultura de resistência realizada com 30 crianças de 10 anos de idade, estudantes de uma escola pública municipal de Vitória – ES, que teve como propósito celebrar o dia internacional do circo, 27 de março. Toda a produção estética desta oficina gira em torno da música “Circo Marimbondo”, de autoria de Milton Nascimento e Fernando Brant (1978 e consiste na elaboração de pictogramas de artistas circenses (desenho com massa de modelar, a partir da pregunta norteadora: quem são esses marimbondos de quem tanto fala a música? Os marimbondos foram representados pelas crianças, principalmente como figura de artistas fantásticos como: palhaços, bailarinas, homens bala, trapezistas, a mulher barbada e a mulher gorila. A oficina finalizou com a apresentação de toda a produção estética para a familia daquelas crianças.   Abstract   a workshop culture of resistance held with 30 children Workshop culture of resistance held with 30 children from 10 years old, students at a local public school in Vitória - ES, which aimed to celebrate the International Day Circus on March 27. All the aesthetic production of the workshop revolved around the song Circus Wasp, by Milton Nascimento and Fernando Brant (1978 and consisted elaboration of pictography of circus artists (drawing with clay modeling , from question: "Who are these wasps whose music speaks so much?" The wasps were represented mainly by children like it features amazing artists as: clowns, dancers, man bullet, trapeze artists, and bearded woman or female gorilla. The workshop culminated with the presentation of the whole aesthetic production to the family of those children. Keywords: Aesthetic production, Brazilian Popular Music, cultural identity.

  14. Stimulation of circus movement by activin, bFGF and TGF-beta 2 in isolated animal cap cells of Xenopus laevis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minoura, I; Nakamura, H; Tashiro, K; Shiokawa, K

    1995-01-01

    Lobopodium is a hyaline cytoplasmic protrusion which rotates circumferencially around a cell. This movement is called circus movement, which is seen in dissociated cells of amphibian embryos. Relative abundance of the lobopodia-forming cells changes temporally and spatially within Xenopus embryos, reflecting stage-dependent difference of morphogenetic movements. The lobopodia-forming activity of dissociated animal cap cells was stimulated strongly by activin and bFGF, and weakly by TGF-beta 2. In addition, activin A was found to stimulate cellular attachment to the substratum when the cultivation lasted long. Thus, mesoderm-inducing growth factors stimulate lobopodia formation and cellular movements which may be necessary for gastrulation and neurulation in Xenopus early embryos.

  15. Validation of the RELAP5 code for the modeling of flashing-induced instabilities under natural-circulation conditions using experimental data from the CIRCUS test facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kozmenkov, Y. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e.V. (FZD), Institute of Safety Research, P.O.B. 510119, D-01324 Dresden (Germany); Institute of Physics and Power Engineering, Obninsk (Russian Federation); Rohde, U., E-mail: U.Rohde@hzdr.de [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e.V. (FZD), Institute of Safety Research, P.O.B. 510119, D-01324 Dresden (Germany); Manera, A. [Paul Scherrer Institute (Switzerland)

    2012-02-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We report about the simulation of flashing-induced instabilities in natural circulation systems. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Flashing-induced instabilities are of relevance for operation of pool-type reactors of small power at low pressure. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The RELAP5 code is validated against measurement data from natural circulation experiments. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The magnitude and frequency of the oscillations were reproduced in good agreement with the measurement data. - Abstract: This paper reports on the use of the RELAP5 code for the simulation of flashing-induced instabilities in natural circulation systems. The RELAP 5 code is intended to be used for the simulation of transient processes in the Russian RUTA reactor concept operating at atmospheric pressure with forced convection of coolant. However, during transient processes, natural circulation with flashing-induced instabilities might occur. The RELAP5 code is validated against measurement data from natural circulation experiments performed within the framework of a European project (NACUSP) on the CIRCUS facility. The facility, built at the Delft University of Technology in The Netherlands, is a water/steam 1:1 height-scaled loop of a typical natural-circulation-cooled BWR. It was shown that the RELAP5 code is able to model all relevant phenomena related to flashing induced instabilities. The magnitude and frequency of the oscillations were reproduced in a good agreement with the measurement data. The close correspondence to the experiments was reached by detailed modeling of all components of the CIRCUS facility including the heat exchanger, the buffer vessel and the steam dome at the top of the facility.

  16. Life is an inverted circus: Grupo Galpão’s Romeu e Julieta adapted from pennafort’s translation of Shakespeare’s Life is an inverted circus: Grupo Galpão’s Romeu e Julieta adapted from pennafort’s translation of Shakespeare’s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júnia de Castro Magalhães Alves

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Among the various manifestations of late modernism occurring in Brazil is Grupo Galpão, a street theatre company founded in 1982. Combining elements of circus, the improvisation of commedia dell´arte, the exuberant creativity of classic and Renaissance dramaturgy, and the vanguard movement of contemporary theatre with the production of the regional-cultural imagination inscribed in the Brazilian performative code, the members of this group represent a new generation of directors and actors whose work, as it reveals Brazil as an apparently not serious carnavalesque nation, also challenges the public to reflect on present and past concerns. Among the various manifestations of late modernism occurring in Brazil is Grupo Galpão, a street theatre company founded in 1982. Combining elements of circus, the improvisation of commedia dell´arte, the exuberant creativity of classic and Renaissance dramaturgy, and the vanguard movement of contemporary theatre with the production of the regional-cultural imagination inscribed in the Brazilian performative code, the members of this group represent a new generation of directors and actors whose work, as it reveals Brazil as an apparently not serious carnavalesque nation, also challenges the public to reflect on present and past concerns.

  17. Input Calibration and Validation of RELAP5 Against CIRCUS-IV Single Channel Tests on Natural Circulation Two-Phase Flow Instability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viet-Anh Phung

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available RELAP5 is a system thermal-hydraulic code that is used to perform safety analysis on nuclear reactors. Since the code is based on steady state, two-phase flow regime maps, there is a concern that RELAP5 may provide significant errors for rapid transient conditions. In this work, the capability of RELAP5 code to predict the oscillatory behavior of a natural circulation driven, two-phase flow at low pressure is investigated. The simulations are compared with a series of experiments that were performed in the CIRCUS-IV facility at the Delft University of Technology. For this purpose, we developed a procedure for calibration of the input and code validation. The procedure employs (i multiple parameters measured in different regimes, (ii independent consideration of the subsections of the loop, and (iii assessment of importance of the uncertain input parameters. We found that predicted system parameters are less sensitive to variations of the uncertain input and boundary conditions in high frequency oscillations regime. It is shown that calculation results overlap experimental values, except for the high frequency oscillations regime where the maximum inlet flow rate was overestimated. This finding agrees with the idea that steady state, two-phase flow regime maps might be one of the possible reasons for the discrepancy in case of rapid transients in two-phase systems.

  18. 快堆钠回路水锤程序开发与应用%Waterhammer Program Development and Application for Fast Breeder Reactor's Sodium Circus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文静; 栾霖; 金德圭; 陆道纲; 汤荣铭

    2001-01-01

    研究开发了快堆钠回路水锤分析专用程序WHA。该程序在一维特征线法(MOC)传统的压力波传播数学模型中补充了钠腔-气腔外边界模型,并采用气泡离散模型模拟低压液柱分离中的蒸汽穴的生成与溃灭。程序用FORTRAN90语言对快堆实验钠回路ESPRESSO中由于阀门的快速开启与关闭引起的压力波传播进行了分析计算。计算结果表明:将钠腔-气腔引入水锤压力波传播的数学模型进行程序计算的结果是合理的。%Based on one-dimensional method of characteristics(MOC), anumerical model of pressure-wave progation is presented in the paper. A special code is programmed to analyze and calculate waterhammer resulted from rapid opening or closing of valve in the experimental sodium circus of fast breeder reactor(FBR). In the model, a new outer boundary condition, sodium-cavity is included. Model of bubble's discrete distribution is adopted to simulate generation and collapse of the bubble with the pressure's decreasing and increasing. The results demonstrate that the model of pressure-wave progation is valid.

  19. Arte circense: a magia e o encantamento dentro e fora das lonas Circus arts: magic and charm inside and outside the tents Arte circense: la magia y el encantamiento dentro y fuera de las lonas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Este texto faz parte da dissertação de mestrado que investiga o saber circense incorporado e compartilhado no Circo Girassol, em Porto Alegre/RS. Pensando o corpo a partir de referenciais culturais e históricos, pode-se observar o movimento da arte circense ressignificado a cada tempo. Da prática corporal dos saltimbancos, despertando riso e liberdade, à arte do circo contemporâneo adequado ao mercado artístico performático desse tempo, o corpo transforma-se em um dos principais produtos da Indústria Cultural. Há também, neste artigo, uma proposta educacional para que a prática da cultura corporal de movimento seja desenvolvida com cooperação, solidariedade e interdisciplinaridade, fazendo do “brincar” de circo um ato pedagógico lúdico voltado para a “produção” do prazer. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: arte circense – corpo – prática pedagógica – ludicidade This text is part of a master’s dissertation which investigates circus knowledge incorporated and shared by the Circo Girassol circus in Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Considering the body from cultural and historical references, one can observe movement in the circus arts to be resignified at each moment. From the body practices of the saltimbancs, triggering laughter and freedom, to the art of the contemporary circus adapted to the artistic performance market of this time, the body becomes one of the main products of the Culture Industry. This article also presents an educational proposal to enable the practice of body movement culture to be developed in cooperation, solidarity, and interdisciplinarity, turning the “let’s play circus” act into a playful pedagogical act focused at the “production” of pleasure. KEYWORDS: circus art – body – pedagogical practices – playfulness Este texto hace parte de la disertación de maestría que investiga el saber circense incorporado y compartido en el Circo Girasol, en Porto Alegre/RS. Pensando el cuerpo a partir de

  20. A cidade como sentimento: história e memória de um acontecimento na sociedade contemporânea - o incêndio do Gran Circus Norte-Americano em Niterói, 1961

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Knauss

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available O estudo relaciona história do acontecimento e história urbana para discutir a problemática da memória nas sociedades contemporâneas. A pesquisa aborda o caso do incêndio do Gran Circus Norte-Americano, ocorrido em 17 de dezembro de 1961, na cidade de Niterói, então capital do antigo estado do Rio de Janeiro. O fato é conhecido como um dos maiores incêndios da história em termos de número de vítimas fatais, e se afirmou na memória da cidade. O trabalho tem como base fontes da imprensa e fontes orais. A análise demonstra como o acontecimento se estabelece entre história e memória e define a cidade como sentimento.The study connects urban history and event history to discuss the memory in contemporary societies. The research analyzes the fire of the Gran Circus Norte-Americano in December 17, 1961, in the city of Niterói, when it still was the capital of the state of Rio de Janeiro. The fact is known as one of the biggest fires in history in terms of fatal victims’ number, and that has been established in the city memory. The work is based on press sources and oral sources. The analysis shows how the event is established between history and memory, and defines the city as feeling.

  1. High-temporospatial-resolution dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) wrist MRI with variable-density pseudo-random circular Cartesian undersampling (CIRCUS) acquisition: evaluation of perfusion in rheumatoid arthritis patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jing; Pedoia, Valentina; Heilmeier, Ursula; Ku, Eric; Su, Favian; Khanna, Sameer; Imboden, John; Graf, Jonathan; Link, Thomas; Li, Xiaojuan

    2016-01-01

    This study is to evaluate highly accelerated three-dimensional (3D) dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) wrist MRI for assessment of perfusion in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. A pseudo-random variable-density undersampling strategy, circular Cartesian undersampling (CIRCUS), was combined with k-t SPARSE-SENSE reconstruction to achieve a highly accelerated 3D DCE wrist MRI. Two healthy volunteers and 10 RA patients were studied. Two patients were on methotrexate (MTX) only (Group I) and the other eight were treated with a combination therapy of MTX and anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy (Group II). Patients were scanned at baseline and 3 month follow-up. DCE MR images were used to evaluate perfusion in synovitis and bone marrow edema pattern in the RA wrist joints. A series of perfusion parameters was derived and compared with clinical disease activity scores of 28 joints (DAS28). 3D DCE wrist MR images were obtained with a spatial resolution of 0.3 × 0.3 × 1.5 mm(3) and temporal resolution of 5 s (with an acceleration factor of 20). The derived perfusion parameters, most notably transition time (dT) of synovitis, showed significant negative correlations with DAS28-ESR (r = -0.80, p perfusion in RA joints, showing promise as a potential tool for evaluating treatment responses.

  2. Welfare of sea lions in travelling circuses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hopster, H.; Jong, de I.C.

    2014-01-01

    Dit rapport geeft een overzicht van de wetenschappelijke literatuur en opinies van deskundigen over het welzijn van zeeleeuwen in reizende circussen. Dit als basis voor beleidsontwikkeling.This report describes the scientific literature and expert views concerning the welfare of sea lions in travell

  3. Trabajar como artista: Estrategias, prácticas y representaciones del trabajo artístico entre jóvenes artistas circenses Trabalhando como um artista: Estratégias, práticas e representações da trabalho artistico entre jovens artistas de circo Working as an artist: Strategies, practices and representations of artistic work among young circus artists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Infantino

    2011-12-01

    autonomous field, has led to the invisibility of the labor dimension of artistic practices settling dichotomous social representations about art and work. Consequently, this is an area which has been almost unexplored in the field of research on Youth and Work. However, many artists and many young people work through the art they perform. Based on the case of circus artists in the city of Buenos Aires, we will discuss this idea of opposition between arts and work analyzing the labor market, the work strategies and the significance that artists give to their practices. We will study the distinctions between the characteristics of these artistic and labor practices in the decade of 1990 and the current situation regarding recent changes in the labor market and the shift in the legitimacy occupied by circus arts.

  4. Sibling conflict in Montagu's harrier Circus pygargus during the post-fledging period in south-east Poland%波兰东南部乌灰鹞在雏鸟出羽后期的同窝雏间冲突

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ignacy KITOWSKI

    2005-01-01

    Sibling rivalry was studied in 13 broods (total of 37 fledglings) of Montagu's harrier Circus pygargus from a breeding site in south-eastern Poland. The oldest sibling in broods tended to monopolise food in the nest and in the air (both in terms of numbers and estimated overall biomass). The proportion of food transfers taking place in the air tended to increase as the fledglings aged. Aggressive interactions between flying offspring were observed only during aerial food transfers. Of 730 aerial food transfers, 57(7.8%) fell to the ground as a result of sibling competition. Juveniles that did not obtain prey from their parents due to sibling rivalry were sometimes seen trying to capture nearby passerines. Adults rarely demonstrated preferential feeding of the youngest offspring. The larger the brood, the longer lasting sibling conflicts over prey. Success at obtaining prey during aerial food transfers was correlated with spatial distribution of offspring prior to a given feeding event. The chicks hierarchy established during the nestling stage was preserved over the post-fledging period, which allowed the oldest juveniles to start migrating in good condition%通过对波兰东南部的13巢乌灰鹞(Circus pygargus), 37只雏鸟观察,对同窝雏鸟间的竞争进行了研究.无论是在食物的数量或者生物量上,早孵出的雏鸟占有空中喂养与巢内喂养的食物源的绝对优势.空中学习捕食的食物量占喂养食物量的比例随着雏鸟年龄的增长而增加.雏鸟在空中喂养中的攻击行为通过对空中食物传递进行研究.在370次的食物传递中,由于雏间竞争而引起的落地食物的比例57次(7.8%).由于雏间竞争而不能获得亲鸟喂养的幼鸟有时捕食周围的雀形目小鸟.亲鸟很少喂养较小的雏鸟.窝雏数越大,雏鸟间对食物的争斗持续时间越长.空中食物传递中捕食的成功率与雏鸟的空间分布相关.这种建立在雏鸟早期的

  5. Prácticas, representaciones y discursos de corporalidad: La ambigüedad en los cuerpos circenses Práticas, representações e discursos da corporalidade: A ambigüidade nos corpos do circo Practices, representations and discourses of the body: Ambiguity on circus bodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Infantino

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo trabajaremos con las prácticas de los artistas circenses contemporáneos en la ciudad de Buenos Aires. Abordaremos los modos en los que la corporalidad se constituye en uno de los medios de expresión identitaria en tanto un grupo social puede componer, a través de sus experiencias corporales, sus propios estilos artísticos, su propia definición de práctica artístico-laboral, su propio cuerpo legítimo. Mostraremos la manera en que esos cuerpos pueden por momentos disputar y/o reproducir concepciones hegemónicas de corporalidad, proponiendo la necesidad de pensar estos procesos de manera dinámica, prestando atención tanto a los mecanismos de poder como a su contraparte, los sujetos que negocian, cuestionan y/o resisten.Este artigo versa sobre as práticas de artistas de circo contemporâneo na cidade de Buenos Aires. Abordam-se os modos em que as corporalidades se constituem em vias de expressão da identidade de um grupo social que pode criar, através de experiências corporais, seus próprios estilos artísticos, suas definições das práticas artístico-laborais, e seu próprio corpo legítimo. O trabalho busca mostrar como estes corpos podem, às vezes, contestar e/ou reproduzir concepções corporais hegemônicas, propondo a necessidade de se pensar estes processos de modo dinâmico, analisando tanto os mecanismos de poder e sua contrapartida, as práticas de sujeitos que negociam, questionam e/ou resistem.This paper will work the practices of contemporary circus artists in the city of Buenos Aires. We will analyse the way in which corporality can become one of the means of identity expression, given that a social group can compose, through body experiences, its own artistic styles, its own definition of artistic-labour practices, its own legitimate body. We will show how these bodies can at times dispute or reproduce hegemonic conceptions of corporality. We suggest there is a need of thinking these processes in

  6. 秋季迁徙中白头鹞与鹃头蜂鹰的跨海迁飞行为比较%Comparison of the water-crossing behavior of Western Marsh Harriers(Circus aeruginosus)and European Honey Buzzards (Pernis apivorus)during autumn migration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Michele PANUCCIO; Nicolantonio AGOSTINI

    2010-01-01

    在意大利中部的观察点,我们对秋季向非洲迁徙的白头鹞(Circus aeruginosus)和鹃头蜂鹰(Pernis apivorus)的跨海迁飞行为进行了研究.其中白头鹞大部分为成鸟,鹃头蜂鹰大部分是亚成鸟.研究内容包括跨海迁徙行为与风向、昼间迁徙时间、集群和年龄的关系.尽管鹃头蜂鹰不如白头鹞适合长距离跨海飞行,但它们集群迁徙时多远离海岸.两种鸟中只有很少个体选择沿海岸飞行.在无风天气,白头鹞像单独迁徙的鹃头蜂鹰一样,选择跨海飞行,而不是中途停歇或飞回陆地的断续迁徙,在逆风情况下则相反.而鹃头蜂鹰集群迁徙时的飞行策略不受风向影响.两种鸟在上午均选择跨海飞行而不是断续迁徙,下午则相反.鹃头蜂鹰的跨海迁飞行为与年龄相关,其成鸟很少跨海飞行.本研究证实鹃头蜂鹰迁徙过程中集群行为对其跨海迁飞的影响极为显著.不同年龄鹃头蜂鹰的跨海迁飞倾向不同,缺乏经验的亚成鸟和年轻成鸟选择高能量消耗的长途(跨海)飞行,而不是具中途停歇地的短距离断续迁徙.

  7. DAN DIACONESCU: THE POLITICS OF BREAD AND CIRCUSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VALENTIN QUINTUS NICOLESCU

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Founder and owner of two television stations, Dan Diaconescu found the opportunity to rise the electoral support for his anti-system party through media channels in the circumstances of a tumultuous political year and a bitterly personal power struggle between President Traian Băsescu and Prime Minister Victor Ponta. He described the victory in the upcoming parliamentary elections as a start of the battle against the post-communist Romanian political class that impoverished the country. Through this battle lead by him and other members of his party, his „army of angels”1, Dan Diaconescu says he can liberate the Romanian people and install „people’s dictatorship” that will punish all the political class for the injustices suffered by them. In a context of highly visible and influential populist discourse, this paper considers the self-representation of Dan Diaconescu and his People’s Party – Dan Diaconescu during parliamentary election campaign in 2012. First of all, a multi-methodological approach was adopted to examine the key elements of national populist discourse: antagonistic struggle between politicians and citizens, popular sovereignty, corruption of the political class and popular mobilization for political change. After that, I will examine how this Romanian form of populism represents the rival version of western representative democracy, the populist democracy specific to Latin America based on direct representation embodied by a leader or a party capable to symbolize the power of the people. Within this frame, I will try to analyse to what degree Dan Diaconescu’s populism enrolls in the logic of Latin American populism instead of a cultural or ethnic populism dominant in Europe.

  8. Abyssalities against the grain: the clown circus without a future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludmila de Lima Brandão

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available By articulating Boaventura de Sousa Santos’ notion that the Western modern thinking is an abyssal thinking, we examine the functioning of such “abyssalities”, which hierarchize and turn knowledge and practices invisible, as well as operate the transmutation of old colonial domination (or colonialism into coloniality in the visual arts system. Then we identify – as in the “coloniality of knowledge” – these same devices: the divisions in the reality of artistic production under an abyssal perspective.

  9. The sideshow or the circus? The role for public interest organisations at inquests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prictor, Megan

    2012-12-01

    Recent changes in coronial law in Australian jurisdictions have enabled inquests to adopt an expanded scope and have facilitated the participation of family members and other interested parties. Public interest bodies have increasingly sought to have input to coronial policy and practice. This article examines the involvement by public interest organisations in Australian inquests over recent years. These organisations adopt various roles in inquests, including the representation and support of family members of the deceased, and the pursuit of policy and legislative changes. A further role is that of participation in specific inquests as an "interested party", in order to provide relevant expertise, shape the scope of the inquiry, and illuminate systemic issues which may have contributed to a death. This article considers the legal framework for the involvement of public interest organisations, and critically reflects upon the main purposes and effects of such intervention.

  10. An evaluation of exercise pen use by circus tigers (Pathera tigris tigris).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nevill, Christian H; Friend, Ted H; Windom, Amy G

    2010-01-01

    This study quantified the behavior of 11 tigers during periodic access to an exercise pen throughout the day and night. The study determined the amount of time spent in the pen and the percentage of time spent performing stereotypic pacing, normal locomotor behavior, and lying down while in the pen. Average access to the exercise pen was 10 hr 49 min overnight and 5 hr 30 min during the day. At night, the tigers spent 29.1% of their time in the exercise pen, during which they paced 19.6% and performed normal locomotor behavior for 23.1% of that time. By day, they spent 40.4% of their time in the exercise pen, during which they paced 10.0% and performed normal locomotor behavior 35.7% of that time. The tigers spent the rest of the time in the pen lying down. Overall, tigers will utilize an exercise pen, spending a greater percentage of time in the pen during the day than at night and also performing less stereotyped pacing than at night.

  11. [Working conditions of female workers in the system of "Soiuzgostsirk" (the Soviet State Circus)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mekhova, M M; Krasnikov, D G

    1989-01-01

    Labour activity of those engaged in the system of Soyuzgostsirk was analyzed. It was established that unsatisfactory sanitary and hygienic situation for members of the orchestra, workers taking care of animals and others, physical and neuroemotional load of gymnasts, acrobats and their assistants, induced uncomfortable work posture of conjurers and gymnasts were in some cases regarded as the main unfavourable occupational factors. The health state of the above professional groups was assessed. Preventive measures aimed at sanitation of labour conditions and decrease of disease rates were developed.

  12. Polygamy in the Marsh Harrier, Circus aeruginosus : Individual Variation in Hunting Performance and Number of Mates

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Altenburg, Wibe; Daan, Serge; Starkenburg, Jaap; Zijlstra, Menno

    1982-01-01

    1. Theories postulating that sexual task differentiation may lead to polygamy such that the sex investing the least effort in raising the offspring, engages in simultaneous matings, contrast with polygyny in raptors where the male provides most of the food for its females and nestlings. A field stud

  13. Circus monkeys or change agents? Civil society advocacy for HIV/AIDS in adverse policy environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spicer, Neil; Harmer, Andrew; Aleshkina, Julia; Bogdan, Daryna; Chkhatarashvili, Ketevan; Murzalieva, Gulgun; Rukhadze, Natia; Samiev, Arnol; Walt, Gill

    2011-12-01

    This paper explores the factors enabling and undermining civil society efforts to advocate for policy reforms relating to HIV/AIDS and illicit drugs in three countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia: Georgia, Kyrgyzstan and Ukraine. It examines how political contexts and civil society actors' strengths and weaknesses inhibit or enable advocacy for policy change - issues that are not well understood in relation to specific policy areas such as HIV/AIDS, or particular regions of the world where national policies are believed to be major drivers of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The study is based on in-depth interviews with representatives of civil society organizations (CSOs) (n = 49) and national level informants including government and development partners (n = 22). Our policy analysis identified a culture of fear derived from concerns for personal safety but also risk of losing donor largesse. Relations between CSOs and government were often acrimonious rather than synergistic, and while we found some evidence of CSO collective action, competition for external funding - in particular for HIV/AIDS grants from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria was often divisive. Development partners and government tend to construct CSOs as service providers rather than advocates. While some advocacy was tolerated by governments, CSO participation in the policy process was, ultimately, perceived to be tokenistic. This was because there are financial interests in maintaining prohibitionist legislation: efforts to change punitive laws directed at the behaviors of minority groups such as injecting drug users have had limited impact.

  14. When the circus comes to town: Countering campus presentations on climate denial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbin, J.

    2012-12-01

    A key element of the corporate and conservative campaign to discredit climate science has been public presentations by high-profile climate change deniers who offer "the real view" of climate science. While such speakers often intend to muddy the waters with respect to climate science, they can also serve as an initiative to highlight the widely accepted facts of climate change and the nature of scientific consensus on the topic. Our experience, based on a visit by Christopher Monckton to Union College, is that the attention and publicity surrounding such events can have a positive impact by raising the profile of climate science and engaging a wider audience than would otherwise be possible. The principle lesson from our experience is that our students are some of the most effective counters to such presentations by climate change deniers. Students at Union College worked with faculty to organize sophisticated presentations and forums to present a coherent message about the science of climate change. They engaged with Monckton during his presentation and in a follow-up forum, used social media tools such as Facebook, Twitter, and Reddit to communicate with one another and with their peers, and displayed highly sophisticated critical thinking skills. Above all, they had the passion and energy to organize, to engage with a high-profile speaker, and to rebut arguments that misrepresented the state of climate science. While we had effectively used social media tools to organize and communicate within our own communities, we were subject to a well-organized campaign that used those same tools to discredit our efforts. Links to coverage of the event in our campus newspaper were shared worldwide via Twitter and Facebook, and we were flooded with messages from people with no campus connection. The event was also featured, along with derogatory descriptions of organizers, at the website Wattsupwiththat and a contribution by Monckton to the Financial Post. We would have been far better prepared for post-event publicity if we had anticipated that social media tools can effectively nationalize discussions that take place even at small colleges. Even with that knowledge, however, the balance of power in carrying on a debate in the public sphere seems strongly weighted toward the network of climate deniers. I co-authored an EOS Forum paper that described our experiences at Union College and at nearby Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. The number of blog or Twitter references to EOS pales in comparison to those linking to a reply authored by Monckton and posted online. At this point, communication of climate science seems at a distinct disadvantage compared to communication of climate denial. This is not to say that we should yield the floor to those who attempt to discredit our research and contradict what we teach in our classes - doing so risks giving the impression that scientific literacy and public awareness of climate change are of little importance to us. Instead, when we engage climate science deniers, we make clear that we believe much is at stake.

  15. Loop migration in adult marsh harriers Circus aeruginosus, as revealed by satellite telemetry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    H. G. Klaassen, Raymond; Strandberg, Roine; Hake, Mikael

    2010-01-01

    the eastern route. Observed routes did thus not coincide with seasonal variation in habitat availability. However, favourable habitat might be more important during spring migration, when the crossing of the Sahara seems more challenging, and thus habitat availability might play an indirect role...

  16. The basilica of Santa Leocadia and the end of use of the Roman Circus of Toledo: a new interpretation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep María GURT I ESPARRAGUERA

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Following the excavations of Prof. Pere Palol conducted in the early seventies in the Cristo de la Vega de Toledo, highlighted the existence of a late antique necropolis and a building in the area, which was associated with the location of the basilica of Santa Leocadia. The existence of this basilica and its constructive process are fundamental aspects of this study to examine one of the milestones of early Christianity in the city and its relationship with the Vega Baja of Toledo.

  17. Lions and Tigers and High-Wire Fliers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bang-Jensen, Valerie

    1987-01-01

    A primary/intermediate starter unit which explores circus life and history is presented. Activities range from constructing a circus time line beginning in ancient Rome to research on the treatment of animals by circuses. (MT)

  18. From Outer Space to the Circus Tent. Science Fiction and the Problems of ’68 in Alexander Kluge’s »Die Ungläubige«

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirkland A. Fulk

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores Alexander Kluge’s forgotten work of science fiction Die Ungläubige , Kluge’s literary addendum to Die Artisten in der Zirkuskuppel: ratlos , and places it against the background of the aesthetic debates of 1968 and Kluge’s larger canon. Why did Kluge turn to science fiction at this particular time? How does this genre interrogate, expand on, or even challenge our understanding of Kluge and his aesthetic project, which in many ways cannot be thought apart from this pivotal period in German post-war history? Kluge’s text is at once a sharp critique of capitalist structures and a critical representation of utopian visions of the future, making the work an important piece of aesthetic, social and political commentary.

  19. A Vet and His Animals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳; 毛有春

    2002-01-01

    I was a vet(兽医) in a small town,but liked to work for a circus. Fortunately one day, I received a phone call from a manager of a certain circus. He wanted me to be in charge of his animals-all 700 of them! Then I could work in a circus!

  20. 26 CFR 49.4261-8 - Examples of payments not subject to tax.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) Circus or show conveyances. The amount paid pursuant to a contract for the movement of a circus or show conveyance where the amount covers only the transportation of the performers, laborers, animals, equipment..., etc., of circus or show scrip books, or other evidence of the right to transportation, for use...

  1. Et fast greb i rebet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Degerbøl, Stine Klein

    2012-01-01

    The article concerns the lived experiences of Clara practicing to become a contemporary circus artist. Clara’s narratives reflect contemporary circus as a movement pedagogical practice in relation to aesthetic learning and in relation to the aims of the circus performer education itself. Furtherm...

  2. Participação social no campo da cultura e disputas simbólicas nas políticas culturais para o circo em Fortaleza (CE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jocastra Holanda Bezerra

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article seeks to understand the dynamics of social participation in the field of culture. It seeks to reflect about the plurality of identities and self-representations present in the circus segment, realizing how these are articulated, integrated or do not connect with each other in the sphere of participation in the cultural policies of the city of Fortaleza, Ceará. To reflect on these questions, we analyzed the discourses and the participation of agents of the circus sector on two occasions: in the construction of the proposal of the Municipal School of Circus and the formulation of the Sectorial Circus Plan in the city.

  3. Cirque du Monde as a health intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fournier, Cynthia; Drouin, Mélodie-Anne; Marcoux, Jérémie; Garel, Patricia; Bochud, Emmanuel; Théberge, Julie; Aubertin, Patrice; Favreau, Gil; Fleet, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Objective To present Cirque du Soleil’s social circus program, Cirque du Monde, to explore its potential as a primary health care tool for family physicians. Data sources A review of the literature in PubMed, the Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, LaPresse, Eureka, Google Scholar, and Érudit using the key words circus, social circus, Cirque du Monde, and Cirque du Soleil; a Montreal-based initiative, Espace Transition, modeled on Cirque du Monde; and personal communication with Cirque du Soleil’s Social Circus Training Advisor. Study selection The first 50 articles or websites identified for each key word in each of the databases were examined on the basis of their titles and abstracts in the case of articles, and on the basis of their titles and page content in the case of websites. Articles and websites that explored an aspect of social circuses or that described an intervention that involved circuses were then retained for analysis. Because all literature on social circuses was searched, no criterion for year of publication was used. Synthesis No articles on the social circus as a health intervention were found. One study on the use of the circus as an intervention in schools was identified. It demonstrated an increase in self-esteem in the children who took part. One study on the use of the circus in a First Nations community was found; it contained nonspecific, qualitative findings. The other articles identified were merely descriptions of social circuses. One website was identified on the use of the social circus to help youth who had been treated in a hospital setting for major psychiatric disorders to re-enter the community. The team in the pediatric psychiatry department at Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine, the children’s hospital in Montreal, Que, was contacted; they were leading this project, called Espace Transition. The unpublished preliminary findings of its pilot project demonstrate substantial improvements in overall patient

  4. MICROPOLÍTICAS DAS PRÁTICAS COTIDIANAS: ETNOGRAFANDO UMA ORGANIZAÇÃO CIRCENSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josiane Silva de Oliveira

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we analyze how everyday practices can be understood from the micropolitical dimension of organizational processes. Theoretical discussions articulate dialogues between Michel Foucault and Michel de Certeau in studies of everyday practices, and Theodore Schatzki about organizations as practiced spaces. From an ethnography in a circus, with 25 years of existence, identify management practices that promoted the emergence of cultural producers and subject formation of associative networks with circus companies in consequence the existence of demand for artistic activities by the market. We also observed gestures of circus arts in political discussions about the reception of the public spectacles and circus training school and social projects carried out for the circus. Finally, we consider the organizational everyday as an area of practices that are micropoliticals in the midst of a normative management processes.

  5. Écuyères and "doing gender"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hedenborg, Susanna; Pfister, Gertrud Ursula

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to analyse gender relations in equestrianism from the beginning of the 19th to the first decades of the 20th century. Focus will be on the female horse riding circus artists, the écuyères. The fact that women were circus riders at this time is interesting as in many...... masculinity and horsemanship conveys the impression that women had nothing to do with horses. This is true for many situations. The circus arena, however, seems to have been an exception as women could perform there. At the heart of the performances was not only equestrianism, but also the notion of gender...

  6. Plaadid / Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Immo, 1959-

    2002-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Robert Plant "Dreamfield", Roland Gift "Roland Gift", Joe Cocker "Respect Yourself", Piano Circus "Transmission", Tricky "A Ruff Guide", Jack Johnson "Brushfire Fairytales", Yann Tiersen "Amelie from Montmartre", Hall & Oates "The Essential Collection"

  7. Esimesed tsirkuse külastajad pettusid / Helgi Kaldma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldma, Helgi, 1933-2011

    2007-01-01

    Hansa Circus esines Viljandi turuplatsil etendusega "Idamaine muinasjutt". Probleemide tõttu piiriületamisel, ei näidatud väljakuulutatud eksootilisi loomartiste. Tsirkuse direktor lubas lisaetendusi

  8. Permanent genetic resources added to molecular ecology resources database 1 june 2011–31 july 2011

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barker, F. Keith; Bell, James J.; Bogdanowicz, Steven M.

    2011-01-01

    This article documents the addition of 112 microsatellite marker loci and 24 pairs of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sequencing primers to the Molecular Ecology Resources Database. Loci were developed for the following species: Agelaius phoeniceus, Austrolittorina cincta, Circus cyaneus...

  9. 78 FR 66058 - Habitat Conservation Plan for South Sacramento County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-04

    ...) Pallid bat (Antrozous pallidus) Western red bat (Lasiurus blossevillii) Yuma myotis bat (Myotis yumanensis) White-tailed kite (Elanus leucurus) Cooper's hawk (Accipiter cooperii) Ferruginous hawk (Buteo...) ] Northern harrier (Circus cyaneus) Swainson's hawk (Buteo swainsoni) Tricolored blackbird (Agelaius...

  10. Instituciones Evanescentes : consideraciones políticas sobre la arquitectura itinerante

    OpenAIRE

    Otero Verzier, Marina Teresa

    2016-01-01

    Built architecture is generally conceived to be either ephemeral or permanent. However, there are architectures that are temporal without being ephemeral and permanent without remaining in place. Street markets, circuses and traveling theaters, portable or mobile structures, Archigram’s Ideas Circus and Instant City, Renzo Piano’s IBM Traveling Pavilion, as well as the most recent examples of traveling architectures— including the Chanel Mobile Art by Zaha Hadid and the BMW Guggenheim Lab by ...

  11. Instituciones Evanescentes : consideraciones políticas sobre la arquitectura itinerante

    OpenAIRE

    Otero Verzier, Marina Teresa

    2017-01-01

    Built architecture is generally conceived to be either ephemeral or permanent. However, there are architectures that are temporal without being ephemeral and permanent without remaining in place. Street markets, circuses and traveling theaters, portable or mobile structures, Archigram’s Ideas Circus and Instant City, Renzo Piano’s IBM Traveling Pavilion, as well as the most recent examples of traveling architectures— including the Chanel Mobile Art by Zaha Hadid and the BMW Guggenheim Lab by ...

  12. The legacy of the hippodrome at Constantinople

    OpenAIRE

    1998-01-01

    Ankara : The Department of Archaeology and History of Art and Institute of Economics and Social Sciences, Bilkent University, 1998. Thesis (Master's) -- Bilkent University, 1998. Includes bibliographical references leaves 190-197. Circuses were among the most popular Roman entertainment buildings from the early seventh century BC up to the sixth century AD. Although they were primarily designed for chanot races, circuses remained closely tied to the public life of a city by incorpora...

  13. New Records of Raptors in Eastern Kazakhstan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna N. Barashkova

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In this article we describe our data on observations of birds of prey in Eastern-Kazakhstan Upland and Northern Balkhash Lake area collected mostly in 2013, May–June and September, and also in 2012, March and May. In total we have recorded 15 species of birds of prey: Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis, Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos, Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca, Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus, Short-Toed Eagle (Circaetus gallicus, Long-Legged Buzzard (Buteo rufinus, Black-Eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus, Pallid Harrier (Circus macrourus, Montagu’s Harrier (Circus pygargus, Western Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus, Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus, Saker Falcon (Falco cherrug, Steppe Merlin (Falco columbarius pallidus, Lesser and Common Kestrels (Falco naumanni, F. tinnunculus, and also 4 owl species: Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo, Short-Eared Owl (Asio flammeus, Little Owl (Athene noctua, and Scops Owl (Otus scops. Nesting peculiarities (data on nests' locations and breeding are described for some species.

  14. 2008 LHC Open Days Physics: the show

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    A host of events and activities await visitors to the LHC Open Days on 5 and 6 April. A highlight will be the physics shows funded by the European Physical Society (EPS), which are set to surprise and challenge children and adults alike! School children use their experience of riding a bicycle to understand how planets move around the sun (Copyright : Circus Naturally) Participating in the Circus Naturally show could leave a strange taste in your mouth! (Copyright : Circus Naturally) The Rino Foundation’s experiments with liquid nitrogen can be pretty exciting! (Copyright: The Rino Foundation)What does a bicycle have in common with the solar system? Have you ever tried to weigh air or visualise sound? Ever heard of a vacuum bazooka? If you want to discover the answers to these questions and more then come to the Physics Shows taking place at the CERN O...

  15. Samuel Beckett’s Humour

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chemi, Tatiana

    where does Beckett take his inspiration for his tragicomic characters and plots? Is it possible to talk about humour at all? This essay shows the textual evidence of Beckett using archetypes from different forms for comedy as circus, comic film, pantomime, Irish comedy.......where does Beckett take his inspiration for his tragicomic characters and plots? Is it possible to talk about humour at all? This essay shows the textual evidence of Beckett using archetypes from different forms for comedy as circus, comic film, pantomime, Irish comedy....

  16. How Mosquitoes Walk on Water and Up Walls

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Andrea; Thompson; 施小英

    2007-01-01

    Mosquitoes may be annoying,disease-carrying, blood-sucking pests,but they have a pair of talents that no other animal has:They can both walk up walls and walk on water,and a new study reveals exactly how they manage these circus feats.

  17. International Exchanges as a Learning Tool

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Austring, Bennye Düranc; Schlüntz, Ditte Annette

    The project focused on the learning outcome of three one-week camps in Latvia, Denmark and Poland, where about 40 8th grade students each place were working with art based activities like dance, song writing, DJ'ing and circus. Especially these six objectives were measured on: Foreign language...

  18. Fashion Design: Designing a Learner-Active, Multi-Level High School Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Diane

    2009-01-01

    A high school fashion design teacher has much in common with the ringmaster of a three-ring circus. The challenges of teaching a hands-on course are to facilitate the entire class and to meet the needs of individual students. When teaching family and consumer sciences, the goal is to have a learner-active classroom. Revamping the high school's…

  19. Mapping Legitimation of Civic Engagement through Undergrad, Graduate, and Faculty Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Blasio, Gregory G.; Woeste, Emma

    2013-01-01

    The authors provide a framework for understanding the process of legitimation and the status of legitimacy as it applies to civic engagement and community-based initiatives. They apply their own case study experience with a social circus organization as an example of how legitimation occurs during the practice of civic engagement. The authors…

  20. Readathon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraus, Howard F.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    What do a circus, a gold mine, karate, and Bigfoot have to do with reading? They're four of the 42 ways to get your kids into books. Prepared especially for Children's Book Week, "READATHON" is loaded with all kinds of ideas. (Editor)

  1. CrossTalk: The Journal of Defense Software Engineering. Volume 24, Number 6. November/December 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    Trusted • Identity/Authentication • Anti-Tamper • Policy • Information Assurance • 20 Critical Controls 23-26 APRIL 2012 MARRIOTT DOWNTOWN HOTEL SALT LAKE...circus per- formers who performed disgusting acts and side show novelties like biting the head off a chicken . We are all much more familiar with

  2. ПАРАЗИТОЗЫ ЦИРКОВЫХ И ДОМАШНИХ КРОЛИКОВ В МОСКОВСКОМ РЕГИОНЕ И РЕСПУБЛИКЕ МОЛДОВА

    OpenAIRE

    Пасечник В.Е.

    2011-01-01

    Totally 565 rabbits were examined using coproovoscopy and coprolarvoscopy. In 4 of 5 circus rabbits one recorded Trichostrongylus retortaeformis, Eimeria magna; in rabbits from the Moscow Region – Passalurus ambigius, T. retortaeformis, Eimeria magna, E. perforans and finally in rabbits from the Republic of Moldova – T. retortaeformis, P. ambigius, Trichocephalus leporis, E. magna, E. media, E. stiedae and E. perforans.

  3. International Exchanges as a Learning Tool

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Austring, Bennye Düranc; Schlüntz, Ditte Annette

    2016-01-01

    The project focused on the learning outcome of three one-week camps in Latvia, Denmark and Poland, where about 40 8th grade students each place were working with art based activities like dance, song writing, DJ'ing and circus. Especially these six objectives were measured on: Foreign language...

  4. USA: Cirque du Soleil pays US$600,000 to end HIV discrimination complaint.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-08-01

    In April 2004 Lambda Legal, a US-based civil rights organization, announced that the travelling circus Cirque du Soleil would pay a record US$600,000 to end an HIV discrimination complaint filed by one of its former employees who was dismissed because he has HIV.

  5. Clown for a Day

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindstrom, Vince

    1976-01-01

    The students at the Longfellow Elementary School in Fargo, North Dakota, spent the better part of the second semester using CIRCUS as the theme for all subject areas. For younger students the project was a real test of motor skills, for older students it was a chance to create their own clown face. (Author/RK)

  6. But Seriously: Clowning in Children's Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Schuyler W.; Rosario, Katyna

    2008-01-01

    The article explores the insight into child and adolescent behavior offered by clowns. It reviews the Big Apple Circus Clown Care hospital clowning program and evaluates the role clowns could play in pediatric mental health inpatient work and their implications for the broader clinical setting.

  7. Objects as Temporary Autonomous Zones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim Morton

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available From Hakim Bey's instructions on creating temporary autonomous zones we see an oscillation "between performance art and politics, circus clowning and revolution." In this essay Tim Morton discusses anarchist politics as, "the creation of fresh objects in a reality without a top or a bottom object, or for that matter a middle object."

  8. Objects as Temporary Autonomous Zones

    OpenAIRE

    Tim Morton

    2011-01-01

    From Hakim Bey's instructions on creating temporary autonomous zones we see an oscillation "between performance art and politics, circus clowning and revolution." In this essay Tim Morton discusses anarchist politics as, "the creation of fresh objects in a reality without a top or a bottom object, or for that matter a middle object."

  9. The Multi-age Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowling, Deborah C.

    2003-01-01

    Presents strategies for planning lessons for home-schoolers, science circuses, and summer science programs with multi-age groups of children. Suggests a spiraling curriculum centered on big ideas and varying a common activity in mixed-ability classrooms. Includes examples of activities for multi-age groups. (KHR)

  10. 75 FR 27814 - Receipt of Applications for Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-18

    ... in the Zoological Society of San Diego's original permit. Applicant: George Carden Circus... education. The permit numbers and animals are: 070854, Bimbo Jr.; 079868, Vickie; 079870, Jenny; 079871... FR 9251). We made an error and neglected to report one species from which specimens would be...

  11. Double the Benefits: Use Museum Collections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ory, Norma R.

    1984-01-01

    A project for elementary school children based on a museum's collection of Alexander Calder's art is described. After studying Calder's works of art, students created their own three-dimensional stabiles, molded clay into animals, and made circus figures from cork, fabric, yarn, and colored paper. (RM)

  12. Music Curriculum for Kindergarten.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picht, Harriet

    This kindergarten music curriculum provides a year-long program of a sequenced series of activities designed to develop music concepts. Topics of the units in this guide are: self-concept (beginning of the year), fall, Halloween, Thanksgiving, Christmas, winter, a circus, Valentine's Day, spring, and farms. A scope and sequence chart of concepts…

  13. 75 FR 2561 - Receipt of Applications for Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-15

    ... Lympne Wild Animal Park, Lympne, Hythe, Kent, UK for the purpose of enhancement of the survival of the species. Applicant: George Carden Circus Intl., Inc., Springfield, MO, PRT- 080831 The applicant requests... conservation education. The permit numbers and animals are: 080731, Jazz; 716917, Betty. This...

  14. Capturing lived experiences in movement educational contexts through videographic participation and visual narratives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendler Nielsen, Charlotte; Degerbøl, Stine Mikés

    in a primary school participating in a collaboration with a professional dance company and youngsters ages 18-26 doing contemporary circus training. Both studies use film as a knowledge creating practice (Møhl 2003) in combination with a hermeneutic-phenomenological analysis (van Manen 1990) to cast light...

  15. Animafilminduse algusotsast 1 / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2007-01-01

    Maailma esimestest animafilmidest : Albert Smith'i "The Humpty Dumty Circus" (USA, 1898), esimene joonisfilm "Naljakate nägude humoorikad ilmed" (Humorous Phases of Funny Faces") - looja Stuart Blackton (USA, 1906). Esimese joonisseriaali kangelase Fantosche'i lõi Prantsusmaal 1909.a. Emile Cohl

  16. Pop / Erkki Tero

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tero, Erkki

    2007-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Heiki Mätlik ja Andres Uibo "Spectrum. Estonian music for guitar and organ", Fall Out Boy "Infinity on High", The Ponys "Turn the Lights Out", Elton John "Rocket Man. The Definitive Hits", Rotting Christ "Theogonia", Machine Head "The Blackening", The Bluetones "BBC Radio Sessions", John Cale "Circus Live", Spirit Catcher "Night Vision"

  17. Experimental and numerical stability investigations on natural circulation boiling water reactors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marcel, C.P.

    2007-01-01

    The stability of natural circulation boiling water reactors is investigated with a strong emphasis on experiments. Two different facilities are used for such a task: the GENESIS facility (to which a void reactivity feedback system is artificially added) and the CIRCUS facility. In addition, numerica

  18. Argumentative Writing in Pre-Adolescents: The Role of Verbal Reasoning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nippold, Marilyn A.; Ward-Lonergan, Jeannene M.

    2010-01-01

    Argumentative writing is a challenging communication task that calls upon sophisticated cognitive and linguistic abilities. Pre-adolescents (n = 80; mean age = 11;10; range = 10;6-13:5) were asked to write an argumentative essay on the controversial topic of training animals to perform in circuses. Additionally, they were asked to solve a set of…

  19. Atomizer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fixed stereo electroacoustic music, included in Robert Voisey’s (Curator) VoxNovus 60×60 Dance, 60×60 2010 International Mix and 60×60 Sanguine Mix projects. Performed internationally, including Stratford Circus, London, UK. Full performance listings and press available online....

  20. Los caminos del clown: resistencia en movimiento. Juego, carnaval y frontera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Diz Reboredo

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Through the clown's way we will look around the play logic in culture, or the culture seeing as a play itself. From an ethnographical and experimental approach to the clown and circus's world we will use this text to understand the different forms of resistance that are emerging in the postmodern era from the most intimate spheres, from the common that we all share. Clown's way will bring us from the big top to the street, from the private familiar side to the public and communal experience, and we will analyze the tactics of play, seeing as relational, communicational and learning forms. Behind the mask and the make-up lies the cultural production and social building of new subjects who are incorporated by the new social movements, who are turning circus and carnival into new playful territories of experience, claims and freedom. 

  1. Promoting artistic quality in rhythmic gymnastics: a didactic analysis from high performance to school practice

    OpenAIRE

    LOQUET,Monique

    2016-01-01

    Abstract In France, the curricula for physical education (PE) place gymnastic activities in a set of competences named “Achieving a corporal performance for artistic and acrobatic aims”, alongside dance and circus arts. What place does Artistic occupy in gymnastic activities? Is an aesthetic gesture sufficient to be considered as part of an artistic activity? Defining the term «Artistic» is difficult in the field of sports, as descriptions usually come from the technique/Artistic ...

  2. “The Extraordinary Other”: Todd Robbins in Conversation with Madelon Hoedt

    OpenAIRE

    Hoedt, Madelon

    2016-01-01

    Todd Robbins is a New York City based performer who has spent decades specializing in arcane forms of popular entertainment, offbeat amusements and intriguing deceptions. Todd is renowned for his work in Coney Island and the sideshow, magic, circus, ragtime piano and traditional jazz, medicine shows and burlesque. In his own words, he has spent “a lifetime immersed in popular entertainment and dark amusement.” Recently, Todd appeared in the acclaimed off-Broadway theatre show Play Dead. He ca...

  3. Pour une anthropologie du cirque

    OpenAIRE

    Fourmaux, Francine

    2005-01-01

    Projet and first results of a study on new circus in France today, trough shows, professionals and leisur or educative practise, considering body, space and territories.; Projet et premiers résultats d'une recherche sur le nouveau cirque aujourd'hui en France, portant sur les professionnels, les spectacles et la pratique amateur, centrée sur le corps dans son rapport à l'espace et aux territoires.

  4. [Louis Vincelet, medical historian, chronicler of the work of de Maupassant, a Normand passionate about the sea and a dreamer of becoming a white clown].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vincelet, Patrick

    2015-01-01

    Son, grandson, great grandson, grandnephew of a medical doctor on both sides, Louis Vincelet dreamt of becoming a white clown, and ultimately his medical uniform in the merchant navy was not so different, during his long career with the Transatlantic General Company up to the age of 55. The sea has been his great source of inspiration, even when he had settled in Paris, taking care of the "forts des halles" and of artists in the main Parisian circuses.

  5. Montage and Spectator: Eisenstein and the Avant-Garde

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez-Biosca, Vicente

    1990-01-01

    This article aims to understand the theory of montage in the aesthetics os S.M. Eisenstein. For so doing, it bring toghether a series os expressions of the avant-garde tending to excentrism, as well in literary theory as in theatre or cinema. From Sklovsky's ostratenie to FEKS' excentrism, the models of circus seems to inform the first Eisenstein's poetics of attraction. Nevertheless, Eisenstein plays on the recentralization to attain a final effect, that differentiates him from other avant-g...

  6. Annotated Directory of Threatened and Endangered Wildlife on Selected U.S. Army Installations East of the Mississippi River

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-05-01

    State Endangered ST.- State Threatened SP -- State Proposed RSE -- Recommended as state endangered RST-- Recommended as state threatened ’A given...VERTEBRATES Birds Henslow’s sparrow, Ammodramous henslowil ( RSE ): Found in low wetland areas covered with brush and sedges, and sometimes in clearings...this bird historically bred in eastern Virginia. Its occurrence on the installation is possible. Northern harrier, Circus cyaneus ( RSE ): Historically

  7. Environmental Assessment for Watershed Enhancements at Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-03

    northern harrier (Circus cyaneus) and merlins (Falco columbarius) also nest within or near the watersheds. Owl species are found at JBER, including...experience a temporary reduction in food sources from Otter Lake, and may consume dead or dying fish after the initial rotenone treatment. There is no...Aesthetics and Visual Resources Temporary impacts from the Proposed Action at Otter Lake may include the visibility of dead or decaying fish for up to

  8. Vespignani, Giorgio, Iппoδρoμoς. Il circo di Costantinopoli nuova Roma dalla realtà alla storiografia, Fondazione Centro Italiano di Studi sull"Alto Medioevo, Spoleto, 2010, 303 páginas. ISBN: 978 88-7988-197-5

    OpenAIRE

    Jiménez Sánchez, Juan Antonio

    2010-01-01

    "El Circo Máximo es su templo, su hogar, su asamblea y la esperanza de todos sus deseos" (AmmiAnvs mArc., Res gest., XXVIII, 4, 29: eisque templum et habitaculum et contio et cupitorum spes omnis Circus est maximus). De este modo describió el historiador Amiano Marcelino, hacia el 382/397, la pasión que la plebe de Roma sentía hacia los espectáculos, especialmente hacia los ludi circenses. Se trata de una afición que se fue incrementando a lo largo de toda la historia del Imperio Romano, hast...

  9. Events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor V. Karyakin

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The 9th ARRCN Symposium 2015 was held during 21st–25th October 2015 at the Novotel Hotel, Chumphon, Thailand, one of the most favored travel destinations in Asia. The 10th ARRCN Symposium 2017 will be held during October 2017 in the Davao, Philippines. International Symposium on the Montagu's Harrier (Circus pygargus «The Montagu's Harrier in Europe. Status. Threats. Protection», organized by the environmental organization «Landesbund für Vogelschutz in Bayern e.V.» (LBV was held on November 20-22, 2015 in Germany. The location of this event was the city of Wurzburg in Bavaria.

  10. "We live on earth : rotating systems" : performance by J. Jarosz (PL) done at the Physics on Stage Festival

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Audiovisual Service

    2000-01-01

    Part of the Physics on Stage Festival (04-10 November 2000). During this event, the national competion winners, science teachers, science communicators, publishers, top scientists and high-level representatives of the ministries and European organisations will brainstorm future solutions to bolster physics' popularity. The programme will also include spectacular demonstrations of new educational tools; the best will be disseminated over the national TV networks and other media to the European public. A the end of the film, Dutch Performance by The Eindhoven Circus of Physics, Prof. De Waele from the Eindhoven University of Technology

  11. Los caminos del clown: resistencia en movimiento. Juego, carnaval y frontera Clown's Way: resistance in movement. Play, Carnival and Frontier

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Diz Reboredo

    2011-01-01

    Through the clown's way we will look around the play logic in culture, or the culture seeing as a play itself. From an ethnographical and experimental approach to the clown and circus's world we will use this text to understand the different forms of resistance that are emerging in the postmodern era from the most intimate spheres, from the common that we all share. Clown's way will bring us from the big top to the street, from the private familiar side to the public and ...

  12. Muusika : Juubelikontserdid "ERSO 75". Tüür uuel CD-l. Muusikakonverentsid Tallinnas. Highlightsi festivalist "Eduard Tubin ja tema aeg". Hermanni päev / Vardo Rumessen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rumessen, Vardo, 1942-2015

    2001-01-01

    ERSO saab detsembris 75. aastaseks ja sel puhul on kavas kontserdid nii Tartus kui Tallinnas. Ansambel Piano Circus on välja antud uue CD, millele annab nime avateos ئ Erkki-Sven Tüüri "Transmission". Eesti Muusikateaduse Selts korraldab 3.XII EMA-s sümpoosioni teemal Beethoveni muusika. 1. ja 2. XII EMA-s toimub konverents "Interpretatsioonipedagoogika probleeme II". Põhjamaade muusikaajakirja Highlights XI numbris ilmus ülevaade rahvusvahelisest muusikafestivalist "Eduard Tubin ja tema aeg". Eesti teatri- ja muusikamuuseumis toimub helilooja, ajakirjaniku, muusika- ja keeleteadlase, dr. Karl August Hermanni päev

  13. Criadores hispanos de caballos de carreras en el Bajo Imperio en las cartas de Símaco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Blázquez Martínez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Se recogen todas las menciones de caballos hispanos en los autores antiguos. Los criadores de caballos en Hispania. Las marcas de yeguadas. Los nombres de los propietarios. La exportación de caballos hispanos en el siglo II. Eran velocísimas. Retratos de caballos hispanos y de aurigas. Los circos.This article presents all the mentions of hispanic horses in the ancient authors. Teh horsebreeders in Hispania. The marks of the Group of breeding mares. The names of the owners. The exportation of hispnic horses in the second Century. They have been high Speedy. Portraits of horses and car.drivers. The circus.

  14. Prediction of Flow Regimes and Thermal Hydraulic Parameters in Two-Phase Natural Circulation by RELAP5 and TRACE Codes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viet-Anh Phung

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In earlier study we have demonstrated that RELAP5 can predict flow instability parameters (flow rate, oscillation period, temperature, and pressure in single channel tests in CIRCUS-IV facility. The main goals of this work are to (i validate RELAP5 and TRACE capabilities in prediction of two-phase flow instability and flow regimes and (ii assess the effect of improvement in flow regime identification on code predictions. Most of the results of RELAP5 and TRACE calculation are in reasonable agreement with experimental data from CIRCUS-IV. However, both codes misidentified instantaneous flow regimes which were observed in the test with high speed camera. One of the reasons for the incorrect identification of the flow regimes is the small tube flow regime transition model in RELAP5 and the combined bubbly-slug flow regime in TRACE. We found that calculation results are sensitive to flow regime boundaries of RELAP5 which were modified in order to match the experimental data on flow regimes. Although the flow regime became closer to the experimental one, other predicted thermal hydraulic parameters showed larger discrepancy with the experimental data than with the base case calculations where flow regimes were misidentified.

  15. Viviendas, en Finsbury, Londres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skinner - Bailey - Lubetkin, Arquitectos

    1957-11-01

    Full Text Available Según el Acta de Conservación de Plazas Londinenses, el área de estos espacios abiertos debe ser protegida o, en caso contrario, prever una superficie equivalente en un lugar adecuado. En nuestro caso, la construcción de un bloque distribuido en tres alas, alrededor de un espacioso hall de entrada con la escalera y ascensor, hace imposible la conservación del espacio verde rectangular en el centro de la plaza Holford; sin embargo, se ha previsto un área equivalente en la zona oeste del solar, en la que se añadirá un grupo escolar. Este nuevo parque público tendrá un acceso principal desde Percy Circus y puede considerarse como una continuación del parque municipal. Además del bloque principal en Y, hay un edificio pequeño de cuatro plantas, con alzados a Percy Circus y a la calle de Great Percy.

  16. O corpo como princípio The body as principle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Fernando Bolognesi

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available A matéria-prima do espetáculo de circo é o corpo do artista, ora sublime, ora grotesco. O corpo sublime, no chão ou nas alturas, desafia, em forma de espetáculo, as leis naturais. No momento seguinte, o espetáculo é "interrompido" e o público é acometido pela descontração e pelo grotesco dos palhaços. O espetáculo circense, assim, se desloca, com facilidade e maestria, entre o riso e a morte.The raw material of the circus show is the artist's body, as something at times sublime, at times grotesque. The sublime body, on the floor or in the heights, challenges, as a sort of spectacle, the laws of nature. Afterwards, the show is "interrupted" and the public is invaded by the relaxation and the grotesquerie of the clowns. The circus show thus moves, with ease and mastery, between laughter and death.

  17. Septicaemia secondary to infection by Corynebacterium macginleyi in an Indian python (Python molurus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez, Jorge; Segura, Pablo; García, David; Aduriz, Gorka; Ibabe, José C; Peris, Bernardo; Corpa, Juan M

    2006-09-01

    A seven-year-old female Indian python (Python molurus) weighing about 35kg was euthanased after several clinical episodes of stomatitis, pneumonia, ophthalmitis and dystocia over a period of four years. The animal had been maintained in a terrarium in a circus truck at an adequate temperature. During shows, however, the snake was considered to be exposed to stressful conditions for several hours at a time at low temperatures and with noise and bright lights. A post-mortem examination indicated ulcerative stomatitis, osteomyelitis, severe pneumonia and numerous granulomata and multifocal necrosis in stomach and spleen. Corynebacterium macginleyi was isolated in pure culture from the ulcerative stomatitis, and mixed with Stenotrophomonas maltophilia from the lungs and spleen. The findings indicated that the snake had died from a septicaemic process caused by C. macginleyi, probably originating from the stomatitis. The role of S. maltophilia as a secondary agent is discussed. The stress of the circus show and poor husbandry may have predisposed the animal to infection and septicaemia. This is the first report of C. macginleyi causing disease in a snake.

  18. Nest occupation and prey grabbing by saker falcon (Falco cherrug on power lines in the province of Vojvodina (Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puzović S.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Research on nest occupation and prey grabbing by saker falcon (Falco cherrug on power lines in Vojvodina (Serbia was done in the period from 1986 to 2004. During three specially analyzed periods, saker falcon took the nests of raven (Corvus corax in 91% of a total of 22 cases of nest occupation, and those of hooded crow (Corvus corone cornix in only 9%. Saker falcon regularly grabs prey from different birds that occasionally or constantly spend time around power lines [Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus, hobby (Falco subbuteo, hooded crow (Corvus corone cornix, jack-daw (Corvus monedula, marsh harrier (Circus aeruginosus, hen harrier (Circus cyaneus, buzzard (Buteo buteo, and raven (Corvus corax]. One year a studied pair of saker falcons on a power line in Donji Srem, Serbia grabbed prey from five different species of birds. Out of a total of 40 cases of prey grabbing in the period from January to December, as much 70% of the grabbed prey was taken from kestrel (Falco tinnunculus. During the winter and early spring, prey was grabbed predominantly by males; after May, prey was sometimes grabbed by females as well. Most of the grabbed prey was common vole (Microtus arvalis.

  19. Milton Nascimento: El circo como lugar de resistencia cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Carlos de Souza

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Oficina de cultura de resistencia realizada con 27 niños de 10 años de edad, Estudiantes de una escuela pública municipal de Vitoria – ES, y que tuvo como propósito celebrar El Día Internacional Del Circo, El 27 de marzo. Toda La producción estética de dicha oficina giro en torno de la música “Circo Marimbondo”, de La autoria de Milton Nascimento y Fernando Brant (1978 y consto con la  elaboración de pictografías de artistas circenses (dibujo con masa de modelar, a partir de la pregunta rectora ¿“Quienes son esos marimbondos, de quien tanto habla la música?” Los marimbondos fueron representados por los niños principalmente como figura artistas fantásticos como: payasos, bailarinas, hombres bala, trapecista, y la mujer barbuda o mujer gorila. El taller finalizo con La presentación de toda la producción estética para la familia de aquellos niños. Palabras Clave: Milton Nascimento, Música Popular Brasilera, Cultura de resistencia.__________________Abstract:Workshop by culture of resistance carried out with 27 children from 10 years old, students at a local public school in Vitória - ES, which aimed to celebrate the International Day Circus on March 27. All the aesthetic production of the workshop revolved around the song Circus Wasp, by Milton Nascimento and Fernando Brant (1978 and consisted elaboration of pictography of circus artists (drawing with clay modeling , from question: "Who are these wasps whose music speaks so much?" The wasps were represented mainly by children like it features amazing artists as: clowns, dancers, man bullet, trapeze artists, and bearded woman or female gorilla. The workshop culminated with the presentation of the whole aesthetic production to the family of those children.Keywords: Milton Nascimento, Brazilian Popular Music, Culture of resistance.

  20. 马戏团来啦(下)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    上一期我们讲到Clifford在紧急关头帮了马戏团团主,他一会儿当驯兽师,一会儿扮小丑。当然,Clifford的能耐可远远不止这些呢!下半场,Clifford上演了最刺激的一幕……1.The second half of the circus begins with the elephant parade.The biggest elephant has a cold and can’t lead the parade.So Clifford slips into an elephant suit and gives them a hand.I mean a tail.马戏团下半场演出从大象游行开始。最大的那头大象感冒了,不能引领队伍。于是,Clifford迅速穿上一头大

  1. The first case report of Leishmania (leishmania chagasi in Panthera leo in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magyda AA Dahroug

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available We reported here the first known case of natural infection of a lion (Panthera leo-Linnaeus, 1758 with Leishmania (Leishmania chagasi (L. chagasi in Brazil. The specimen was created by a circus handler in the state of Mato Grosso and was donated to the zoological park of the Federal University of Mato Grosso. Infection by L. chagasi was detected using a PCR-RFLP test. It was known that the domestic felids can act as reservoir of infection of L. chagasi in endemic areas, making it important that studies demonstrate their participation in the epidemiological chain. We demonstrate in this work that wild animals can have an important role in the epidemiological chain and must be considered in order to plan methods of control of this zoonosis.

  2. Permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia in a dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santilli, Roberto A; Santos, Luis F N; Perego, Manuela

    2013-09-01

    A 5-year-old male English Bulldog was presented with a 1-year history of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) partially responsive to amiodarone. At admission the surface ECG showed sustained runs of a narrow QRS complex tachycardia, with a ventricular cycle length (R-R interval) of 260 ms, alternating with periods of sinus rhythm. Endocardial mapping identified the electrogenic mechanism of the SVT as a circus movement tachycardia with retrograde and decremental conduction along a concealed postero-septal atrioventricular pathway (AP) and anterograde conduction along the atrioventricular node. These characteristics were indicative of a permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia (PJRT). Radiofrequency catheter ablation of the AP successfully terminated the PJRT, with no recurrence of tachycardia on Holter monitoring at 12 months follow-up.

  3. Coliseo de Jacksonville, (U.S.A.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryad Fisher, G.

    1966-04-01

    Full Text Available This hall has room for 1,200 spectators, sitting down, and is suitable for holding wrestling, boxing and other similar sporting activities, also conventions, lectures, industrial exhibitions, festivals, circus, skating spectacles and other performances. The roof of this hall is its most significant feature, and also the manner of arrangement of the seats, which makes it possible to distribute them in a variety of ways.Este edificio, capaz de albergar a 1.200 espectadores sentados, ha sido construido para celebrar: combates de lucha libre y de boxeo, convenciones, conferencias, exposiciones industriales, festivales, partidos de hockey sobre hielo, baloncesto, sesiones de circo, campeonatos de tenis, espectáculos sobre hielo, etc. Lo más notable del Coliseo es la solución estructural adoptada para la cubierta, así como la disposición dada a los asientos para permitir una gran flexibilidad de usos.

  4. Skybeams and 'light art' defined as 'advertising' for planning purposes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan-Taylor, M.

    2008-02-01

    Skybeams and light projections have been a long standing problem, not just because of possible light pollution, ecological and public safety issues, but also because there was confusion as to when planning permission was required. Under some circumstances a light beam could be used for 28 days without needing permission, whilst other users such as circuses would always need planning permission. The celebrated Guildford case saw a skybeam classified as an advert, and so needing planning permission (after lobbying by the Campaign for Dark Skies with local support), but this was not binding on later cases. So there was a lack of firm national guidance, or a court judgment clarifying the issue. However, the situation is now much clearer due to the new Town and Country Planning (Control of Advertisements) (England) Regulations 2007.

  5. Fotofestivalid Poolas : Krakov ja Lódź, mai 2009 / Marge Monko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Monko, Marge, 1976-

    2009-01-01

    Krakovi fotokuu (5.-31. mai) ja Lódźi fotofestivali (7.-31. mai) näitustest. Juudi päritolu fotograafi Weegee (sünd. 1899) näitusest, sakslase Bettina Flitneri seeriast "Boatpeople", Martin Kollari projektist "Twelve stars", Elodie Pong'i videost "I am a bomb", John Goto seeriast "John Goto's New World of Circus", Andrej Balco portreeseeriast "Doméstikas", Péter Pukluse tööst "Intimacy - no title", leeduka Petras Saulenase tööst "L'herbe est l'herbe mais ce n'est pas l'herbe", Ungari kunstnike näitusest "The Sunny Side", Oliver Kerni näitusest "The Glass Key"

  6. Clown doctors: shaman healers of Western medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Blerkom, L M

    1995-12-01

    The Big Apple Circus Clown Care Unit, which entertains children in New York City hospitals, is compared with non-Western healers, especially shamans. There is not only superficial resemblance--weird costumes, music, sleight of hand, puppet/spirit helpers, and ventriloquism--but also similarity in the meanings and functions of their performances. Both clown and shaman violate natural and cultural rules in their performances. Both help patient and family deal with illness. Both use suggestion and manipulation of medical symbols in attempting to alleviate their patients' distress. Just as traditional ethnomedical systems have been integrated with Western medicine in other societies, clown doctors can provide complementary therapy that may enhance the efficacy of medical treatment in developed nations, particularly for children.

  7. Resetting dynamic behaviour of pipework systems; Recalage du comportement dynamique des reseaux de tuyauteries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaudin, M. [Electricite de France (EDF), Direction des Etudes et Recherches, 92 - Clamart (France)

    1997-12-31

    Resetting models is applied to electricity generating plant pipework systems. A frequency approach to the problem is made in an original way thanks to the use of precise dynamic rigidity matrices. The method assumes two kinds of unknown: the usually processed mechanical characteristics (Young`s Modulus, density etc.) and new resetting parameters acting on the dynamic behaviour of unknown connections. As the latter have a very wide range of possible variation, they benefit from a change of variable which allows the assumptions formulated to be complied with. The minimized cost function is based on a error in load. The frequencies required for building it are automatically selected thanks to different tests on measurements. Minimization uses a sensitivity technique linked with a method of least standard squares. The method has been programmed in Fortran 90 within the CIRCUS code and tried out on various examples which were simulated and sound effects cases as well as an actual case. (author). 128 refs.

  8. The first case report of Leishmania (leishmania) chagasi in Panthera leoin Brazil

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Magyda AA Dahroug; Arleana BPF Almeida; Valéria RF Sousa; Valéria Dutra; Luciana D Guimarães; César E Soares; Luciano Nakazato; Roberto L de Souza

    2011-01-01

    We reported here the first known case of natural infection of a lion (Panthera leo-Linnaeus, 1758) with Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi (L. chagasi) in Brazil. The specimen was created by a circus handler in the state of Mato Grosso and was donated to the zoological park of the Federal University of Mato Grosso. Infection by L. chagasi was detected using a PCR-RFLP test. It was known that the domestic felids can act as reservoir of infection of L. chagasi in endemic areas, making it important that studies demonstrate their participation in the epidemiological chain. We demonstrate in this work that wild animals can have an important role in the epidemiological chain and must be considered in order to plan methods of control of this zoonosis.

  9. The first case report of Leishmania (leishmania) chagasi in Panthera leo in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahroug, Magyda A A; Almeida, Arleana B P F; Sousa, Valéria R F; Dutra, Valéria; Guimarães, Luciana D; Soares, César E; Nakazato, Luciano; de Souza, Roberto L

    2011-06-01

    We reported here the first known case of natural infection of a lion (Panthera leo-Linnaeus, 1758) with Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi (L. chagasi) in Brazil. The specimen was created by a circus handler in the state of Mato Grosso and was donated to the zoological park of the Federal University of Mato Grosso. Infection by L. chagasi was detected using a PCR-RFLP test. It was known that the domestic felids can act as reservoir of infection of L. chagasi in endemic areas, making it important that studies demonstrate their participation in the epidemiological chain. We demonstrate in this work that wild animals can have an important role in the epidemiological chain and must be considered in order to plan methods of control of this zoonosis.

  10. Individuality in bird migration: routes and timing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vardanis, Yannis; Klaassen, Raymond H G; Strandberg, Roine; Alerstam, Thomas

    2011-08-23

    The exploration of animal migration has entered a new era with individual-based tracking during multiple years. Here, we investigated repeated migratory journeys of a long-distance migrating bird, the marsh harrier Circus aeruginosus, in order to analyse the variation within and between individuals with respect to routes and timing. We found that there was a stronger individual repeatability in time than in space. Thus, the annual timing of migration varied much less between repeated journeys of the same individual than between different individuals, while there was considerable variation in the routes of the same individual on repeated journeys. The overall contrast in repeatability between time and space was unexpected and may be owing to strong endogenous control of timing, while short-term variation in environmental conditions (weather and habitat) might promote route flexibility. The individual variation in migration routes indicates that the birds navigate mainly by other means than detailed route recapitulation based on landmark recognition.

  11. Korean Species of the Subgenus Ophina (Diptera: Tachinidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jong-Su Lim

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available We recognized Linnaemya microchaetopsis Shima, L. picta (Meigen and L. zachvatkini Zimin in Korean Linnaemya subgenus Ophina Robineau-Desvoidy and the latter two are reported for the first time in Korea. The subgenus Ophina shares the following morphological characteristics (sensu Shima: 1 the male tergite 6 is fused mid-dorsally with sternite 7+8; 2 the female tergite 6 and tergite 7 are almost always divided longitudinally into two hemitergites; 3 the female tergite 6 is always longer than the tergite 7; 4 circus parallelsided in caudal view; 5 epiphallus present; and 6 pteropleural seta long, reaching posterior margin of lower calypter. We provide a key to the included Korean species, as well as descriptions and illustrations with their diagnostic characters indicated.

  12. De retretas, prestidigitadores,circos, transformistas, cinematógrafos y toros. Notas para una historia de las diversiones públicas en Medellín, 1890-1910

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cenedith Herrera Atehortúa

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Because of some chronicles and local newspaper articles, the Medellin of late 19th Century and the first decade of the 20th Century seemed to be doomed to the lack of amusements. However, these same newspapers refer to the Sunday retreats in Bolivar and Berrío parks, to a number of different prestidigitation functions, cross dressing and circus, dazzling cinematography exhibits and bullfights. Medellin did have fun, despite the constant complaint of monotony pointed by the journalists of the time. The fun, which was not constant according to them, was the one that provided civilizing events such as theatre, opera and zarzuela -the ones that this article does not address- which, despite the overstatement, never lacked in the small and parochial town during 1890-1910.

  13. “The Extraordinary Other”: Todd Robbins in Conversation with Madelon Hoedt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoedt, Madelon

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Todd Robbins is a New York City based performer who has spent decades specializing in arcane forms of popular entertainment, offbeat amusements and intriguing deceptions. Todd is renowned for his work in Coney Island and the sideshow, magic, circus, ragtime piano and traditional jazz, medicine shows and burlesque. In his own words, he has spent “a lifetime immersed in popular entertainment and dark amusement.” Recently, Todd appeared in the acclaimed off-Broadway theatre show Play Dead. He can currently be seen on the Investigation Discovery channel's new series True Nightmares. Reproduced here is an interview conducted with Todd Robbins by Madelon Hoedt via Skype on June 22, 2016.

  14. Encephalitozoonosis in household pet Nederland Dwarf rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valencakova, A; Balent, P; Petrovova, E; Novotny, F; Luptakova, L

    2008-05-31

    The paper presents the results of examination of 32 domestically bred rabbits, the breed Nederland Dwarf of Oryctolagus cuniculus, for the presence of Encephalitozoon cuniculi microsporidian species. The results of serological tests for E. cuniculi in 32 rabbits are reviewed along with other follow-up studies of clinical cases. Blood samples were taken from 7 asymptomatic rabbits and 25 rabbits showing neurological and ocular signs suggestive of encephalitozoonosis. In the asymptomatic group, 5 out of 7 rabbits were seropositive (71%). 16 rabbits with clinical diseases showed neurological sings, including torticollis, circus-like movements, loss of weight; 6 of them also showed ataxia, anorexia, asthenia of hind-limbs and 3 showed ocular signs. All 25 rabbits were seropositive. The spores of E. cuniculi were isolated from the faecal samples or kidneys and brain of an animal and subsequently were used for DNA isolation and PCR analysis.

  15. [30 years animal welfare legislation: what has been achieved?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steiger, A

    2008-09-01

    The contribution deals with history and effects of the Swiss animal welfare legislation of 1978. Special descriptions concern the development and increasing dissemination of animal friendly housing systems for cattle, swine, rabbits and poultry, the realization of the prohibition of the usual cages for laying hens until the end of 1991 and the development of aviary systems, the examination and improvement of many housing systems and equipment for farm animals, adaptations of many enclosures for wild animals in zoos and circuses, improvements in animal experimentation and also in housing of companion animals. The new animal welfare law of 2005 and the animal welfare ordinance of 2008 filled loopholes in the legislation. Animal friendly housing forms may also have economic advantages.

  16. Birds of the Reserva Biológica do Mato Grande and surroundings, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vizentin-Bugoni, Jeferson; Jacobs, Fernando; Coimbra, Marco Antônio Afonso

    2015-01-01

    The Reserva Biológica do Mato Grande encompasses 5,161 hectares of wetlands, restinga forests and grasslands in southern Brazil. Aiming to assemble a list of bird species occurring in the reserve, we carried out 21 monthly expeditions from July 2007 to March 2009 and an additional visit on October...... 2014, totaling 341 hours of sampling. We additionally searched for records in online databases and museums. In total, 211 species of birds were found, compared to 223.83 (SD = 3.88) and 214.68 (SD = 4.71) species respectively predicted through Jackknife 2 and Chao 2 estimations. Plegadis chihi...... was the most abundant bird roosting in the reserve. The area is important for the conservation of Circus cinereus, Spartonoica maluroides, Limnoctites rectirostris and Sporophila palustris, which are considered threatened or near-threatened in state, national and/or global levels. We emphasize the urgent need...

  17. The birds of Araku, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.S. Kumar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Avifaunal survey carried out from December 2006 to September 2007 in Araku Valley, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, revealed the presence of a total of 147 species of birds belonging to 43 families. One-hundred-twelve species of birds in Araku Valley were resident breeders, 23 species winter visitors, nine species local migrants, two species passage migrants and one species summer visitor. Many bird species were seen in more than one habitat for nesting, roosting and foraging. The dominant feeding guild of birds was insectivorous. Four globally threatened species, namely, the Purple Wood-Pigeon Columba punicea Blyth, 1842, the Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga Pallas, 1811, the Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni Fleischer, 1818 and the Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus (S.G. Gmelin, 1770, were recorded during the survey from the area

  18. Areeni aasta album. Isiklikud edetabelid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Areen jagas punkte heliplaatidele: 1. The Streets "Original Pirate Material" 2. Common "Electric Circus" 3. Flaming Lips "Yoshimi Battles The Pink Robots" 4. DJ Shadow "Private Press" 5. Peven Everett "Studio Confessions" 6. Andrew WK "I Get Wet" 7. Underworld "A Hundred Days Off" 8.-9. Felix Da Housecat "Kittenz and Thee Glitz" 10. X-Press 2 "Muzikizum" 11. The Music "The Music" 12.-13. The Datsuns "The Datsuns" 12. 13 Peshay "Fuzion" 14. High Contrast "True Colours" 15. Tallinn 73 meets Kalm "Autopiloot" 16. Koop "Waltz For Koop" 17.-18. Death In Vegas "Scorpio Rising" 17.-18. A "Hi-Fi-Serious" 19.-20. Arto Lindsay "Invoke" 19.-20. Akufen "My Way". Isiklikud edetabelid Tõnu Kaalepilt, Marek Kallinilt, Erkki Luukilt, Tõnis Kahult, Raul Saaremetsalt, Siim Nestorilt, Koit Raudsepalt, Erik Mornalt, Mart Juurelt ja Märt Milterilt

  19. Blue ocean strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, W Chan; Mauborgne, Renée

    2004-10-01

    Despite a long-term decline in the circus industry, Cirque du Soleil profitably increased revenue 22-fold over the last ten years by reinventing the circus. Rather than competing within the confines of the existing industry or trying to steal customers from rivals, Cirque developed uncontested market space that made the competition irrelevant. Cirque created what the authors call a blue ocean, a previously unknown market space. In blue oceans, demand is created rather than fought over. There is ample opportunity for growth that is both profitable and rapid. In red oceans--that is, in all the industries already existing--companies compete by grabbing for a greater share of limited demand. As the market space gets more crowded, prospects for profits and growth decline. Products turn into commodities, and increasing competition turns the water bloody. There are two ways to create blue oceans. One is to launch completely new industries, as eBay did with online auctions. But it's much more common for a blue ocean to be created from within a red ocean when a company expands the boundaries of an existing industry. In studying more than 150 blue ocean creations in over 30 industries, the authors observed that the traditional units of strategic analysis--company and industry--are of limited use in explaining how and why blue oceans are created. The most appropriate unit of analysis is the strategic move, the set of managerial actions and decisions involved in making a major market-creating business offering. Creating blue oceans builds brands. So powerful is blue ocean strategy, in fact, that a blue ocean strategic move can create brand equity that lasts for decades.

  20. Significações sobre desenvolvimento humano e adolescência em um projeto socioeducativo Meanings around human development and adolescence in a social educative project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio Márcio de Araújo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo se baseia em uma pesquisa que teve por objetivo analisar concepções sobre adolescência e desenvolvimento humano que medeiam as intervenções socioeducativas no contexto de um circo social. Participantes: adolescentes, corpo técnico, estagiários e o próprio pesquisador. Os resultados foram gerados considerando os seguintes núcleos de significação: (a a potencialidade da arte circense como instrumento na promoção de desenvolvimento humano; (b a evolução no uso de instrumentos circenses como foco do processo de acompanhamento e avaliação do adolescente; (c a adolescência como fase do ciclo de vida; (d risco e vulnerabilidade social como características do sujeito ou do contexto. A necessidade de que os agentes institucionais busquem uma compreensão mais profunda do processo de transformação pessoal que tem lugar ao longo da adolescência é aspecto explorado na discussão.This article is based on a research aimed at analyzing conceptions around adolescence and human development mediating social educative interventions in the context of a social circus. Participants: adolescents; technical staff; trainees; and, the researcher himself. The results were generated considering the following meaning complexes: (a the potential of circus techniques as mediation tools in promoting innovative trajectories of human development; (b personal improvements in the domain of tools and techniques as the focus of the follow up and evaluation process of the adolescent; (c adolescence as a stage of life cycle; (d social risk and vulnerability alternating as char acteristics of the subject or the context. The necessity that institutional agents search for a deeper comprehension of the process of personal transformation that takes place along adolescence is an important point of discussion.

  1. Seropositivity and risk factors associated with Toxoplasma gondii infection in wild birds from Spain.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Cabezón

    Full Text Available Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic intracellular protozoan parasite of worldwide distribution that infects many species of warm-blooded animals, including birds. To date, there is scant information about the seropositivity of T. gondii and the risk factors associated with T. gondii infection in wild bird populations. In the present study, T. gondii infection was evaluated on sera obtained from 1079 wild birds belonging to 56 species (including Falconiformes (n=610, Strigiformes (n=260, Ciconiiformes (n=156, Gruiformes (n=21, and other orders (n=32, from different areas of Spain. Antibodies to T. gondii (modified agglutination test, MAT titer ≥1:25 were found in 282 (26.1%, IC(95%:23.5-28.7 of the 1079 birds. This study constitute the first extensive survey in wild birds species in Spain and reports for the first time T. gondii antibodies in the griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus, short-toed snake-eagle (Circaetus gallicus, Bonelli's eagle (Aquila fasciata, golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos, bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus, osprey (Pandion haliaetus, Montagu's harrier (Circus pygargus, Western marsh-harrier (Circus aeruginosus, peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus, long-eared owl (Asio otus, common scops owl (Otus scops, Eurasian spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia, white stork (Ciconia ciconia, grey heron (Ardea cinerea, common moorhen (Gallinula chloropus; in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN "vulnerable" Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti, lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni and great bustard (Otis tarda; and in the IUCN "near threatened" red kite (Milvus milvus. The highest seropositivity by species was observed in the Eurasian eagle owl (Bubo bubo (68.1%, 98 of 144. The main risk factors associated with T. gondii seropositivity in wild birds were age and diet, with the highest exposure in older animals and in carnivorous wild birds. The results showed that T. gondii infection is widespread and can be at a high level in many wild

  2. What Would Jaws Do? The Tyranny of Film and the Relationship between Gaze and Higher-Level Narrative Film Comprehension.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lester C Loschky

    Full Text Available What is the relationship between film viewers' eye movements and their film comprehension? Typical Hollywood movies induce strong attentional synchrony-most viewers look at the same things at the same time. Thus, we asked whether film viewers' eye movements would differ based on their understanding-the mental model hypothesis-or whether any such differences would be overwhelmed by viewers' attentional synchrony-the tyranny of film hypothesis. To investigate this question, we manipulated the presence/absence of prior film context and measured resulting differences in film comprehension and eye movements. Viewers watched a 12-second James Bond movie clip, ending just as a critical predictive inference should be drawn that Bond's nemesis, "Jaws," would fall from the sky onto a circus tent. The No-context condition saw only the 12-second clip, but the Context condition also saw the preceding 2.5 minutes of the movie before seeing the critical 12-second portion. Importantly, the Context condition viewers were more likely to draw the critical inference and were more likely to perceive coherence across the entire 6 shot sequence (as shown by event segmentation, indicating greater comprehension. Viewers' eye movements showed strong attentional synchrony in both conditions as compared to a chance level baseline, but smaller differences between conditions. Specifically, the Context condition viewers showed slightly, but significantly, greater attentional synchrony and lower cognitive load (as shown by fixation probability during the critical first circus tent shot. Thus, overall, the results were more consistent with the tyranny of film hypothesis than the mental model hypothesis. These results suggest the need for a theory that encompasses processes from the perception to the comprehension of film.

  3. Intra-atrial reentry as a mechanism for atrial flutter induced by acetylcholine and rapid pacing in the dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allessie, M A; Lammers, W J; Bonke, I M; Hollen, J

    1984-07-01

    In the isolated blood-perfused canine heart we produced episodes of rapid atrial flutter by continuous infusion of acetylcholine and rapid pacing. The spread of excitation during atrial flutter was mapped with the aid of two endocavitary mapping electrodes containing 960 leads and recording from 192 different sites simultaneously. The flutter maps clearly showed that intra-atrial reentry was the mechanism responsible for the arrhythmia. However, the localization and size of the intra-atrial circuits differed from case to case even in the same heart. The orifices of the venae cavae or the atrioventricular ring did not serve as a central anatomic obstacle for circus movement. We also failed to identify a special role of the internodal pathways in the formation of the loop. Instead, the intra-atrial circuits could be found everywhere, provided sufficient atrial mass was available to accommodate the circuit. The diameter of the circuits varied between 1.5 and 3 cm at a cycle length between 65 and 155 msec. The average conduction velocity of the circulating impulse varied between 60 and 80 cm/sec. Spontaneous termination of atrial flutter frequently occurred and was based on local conduction block in a narrow part of the circuit. Another interesting aspect of these studies is the finding that during continuous circus movement of the impulse, the amount of myocardium that is activated may vary considerably. This marked periodicity in excited tissue mass during atrial flutter could adequately explain the continuously undulating baseline or typical sawtoothlike F waves as seen in the surface electrocardiogram during atrial flutter.

  4. Seropositivity and risk factors associated with Toxoplasma gondii infection in wild birds from Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabezón, Oscar; García-Bocanegra, Ignacio; Molina-López, Rafael; Marco, Ignasi; Blanco, Juan M; Höfle, Ursula; Margalida, Antoni; Bach-Raich, Esther; Darwich, Laila; Echeverría, Israel; Obón, Elena; Hernández, Mauro; Lavín, Santiago; Dubey, Jitender P; Almería, Sonia

    2011-01-01

    Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic intracellular protozoan parasite of worldwide distribution that infects many species of warm-blooded animals, including birds. To date, there is scant information about the seropositivity of T. gondii and the risk factors associated with T. gondii infection in wild bird populations. In the present study, T. gondii infection was evaluated on sera obtained from 1079 wild birds belonging to 56 species (including Falconiformes (n=610), Strigiformes (n=260), Ciconiiformes (n=156), Gruiformes (n=21), and other orders (n=32), from different areas of Spain. Antibodies to T. gondii (modified agglutination test, MAT titer ≥1:25) were found in 282 (26.1%, IC(95%:)23.5-28.7) of the 1079 birds. This study constitute the first extensive survey in wild birds species in Spain and reports for the first time T. gondii antibodies in the griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus), short-toed snake-eagle (Circaetus gallicus), Bonelli's eagle (Aquila fasciata), golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus), osprey (Pandion haliaetus), Montagu's harrier (Circus pygargus), Western marsh-harrier (Circus aeruginosus), peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), long-eared owl (Asio otus), common scops owl (Otus scops), Eurasian spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia), white stork (Ciconia ciconia), grey heron (Ardea cinerea), common moorhen (Gallinula chloropus); in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) "vulnerable" Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti), lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni) and great bustard (Otis tarda); and in the IUCN "near threatened" red kite (Milvus milvus). The highest seropositivity by species was observed in the Eurasian eagle owl (Bubo bubo) (68.1%, 98 of 144). The main risk factors associated with T. gondii seropositivity in wild birds were age and diet, with the highest exposure in older animals and in carnivorous wild birds. The results showed that T. gondii infection is widespread and can be at a high level in

  5. Los caminos del clown: resistencia en movimiento. Juego, carnaval y frontera Clown's Way: resistance in movement. Play, Carnival and Frontier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Diz Reboredo

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Through the clown's way we will look around the play logic in culture, or the culture seeing as a play itself. From an ethnographical and experimental approach to the clown and circus's world we will use this text to understand the different forms of resistance that are emerging in the postmodern era from the most intimate spheres, from the common that we all share. Clown's way will bring us from the big top to the street, from the private familiar side to the public and communal experience, and we will analyze the tactics of play, seeing as relational, communicational and learning forms. Behind the mask and the make-up lies the cultural production and social building of new subjects who are incorporated by the new social movements, who are turning circus and carnival into new playful territories of experience, claims and freedom.

     

    A través de los caminos del clown recorreremos la lógica del juego en la cultura, o de la cultura entendida en tanto juego. En base a una aproximación etnográfica y experimental al mundo del circo y del clown, usaremos este texto para comprender las formas de resistencia que, dentro de la posmodernidad, surgen de lo más íntimo, de lo común que compartimos. Los caminos del clown nos llevarán de la carpa a la calle, de lo familiar privado a lo comunal público, analizando las prácticas del juego que definen al payaso como formas de relación, comunicación y aprendizaje. Tras la máscara o el maquillaje, yace la producción de nuevos sujetos, una re-subjetivización que incorporan a sus proclamas los nuevos movimientos sociales, quienes convierten al circo o al carnaval en nuevos territorios lúdicos de experiencia, proclamas y libertad.

     

  6. Seropositivity and Risk Factors Associated with Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Wild Birds from Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabezón, Oscar; García-Bocanegra, Ignacio; Molina-López, Rafael; Marco, Ignasi; Blanco, Juan M.; Höfle, Ursula; Margalida, Antoni; Bach-Raich, Esther; Darwich, Laila; Echeverría, Israel; Obón, Elena; Hernández, Mauro; Lavín, Santiago; Dubey, Jitender P.; Almería, Sonia

    2011-01-01

    Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic intracellular protozoan parasite of worldwide distribution that infects many species of warm-blooded animals, including birds. To date, there is scant information about the seropositivity of T. gondii and the risk factors associated with T. gondii infection in wild bird populations. In the present study, T. gondii infection was evaluated on sera obtained from 1079 wild birds belonging to 56 species (including Falconiformes (n = 610), Strigiformes (n = 260), Ciconiiformes (n = 156), Gruiformes (n = 21), and other orders (n = 32), from different areas of Spain. Antibodies to T. gondii (modified agglutination test, MAT titer ≥1∶25) were found in 282 (26.1%, IC95%:23.5–28.7) of the 1079 birds. This study constitute the first extensive survey in wild birds species in Spain and reports for the first time T. gondii antibodies in the griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus), short-toed snake-eagle (Circaetus gallicus), Bonelli's eagle (Aquila fasciata), golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus), osprey (Pandion haliaetus), Montagu's harrier (Circus pygargus), Western marsh-harrier (Circus aeruginosus), peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), long-eared owl (Asio otus), common scops owl (Otus scops), Eurasian spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia), white stork (Ciconia ciconia), grey heron (Ardea cinerea), common moorhen (Gallinula chloropus); in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) “vulnerable” Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti), lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni) and great bustard (Otis tarda); and in the IUCN “near threatened” red kite (Milvus milvus). The highest seropositivity by species was observed in the Eurasian eagle owl (Bubo bubo) (68.1%, 98 of 144). The main risk factors associated with T. gondii seropositivity in wild birds were age and diet, with the highest exposure in older animals and in carnivorous wild birds. The results showed that T. gondii infection is

  7. Los edificios deportivos de la Roma Antigua Sportive buildings in the ancient Rome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela TEJA

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available La educación física y el deporte retrocedió —en la Roma antigua— respecto a los ideales físico-corporales griegos. Por contra, se fomentó una notable cultura de espectáculos y divertimentos, especialmente durante la época imperial. A fin de dar cobijo a los diversos espectáculos se construyeron en la ciudad de Roma —y por mimetismo en todas las urbes del Imperio— sofisticados edificios. En efecto, además de una importante red de circos —el más emblemático de los cuales fue el circo Máximo—, se levantaron anfiteatros y termas, amén del estadio de Dominiciano. La autora pasa revista a las distintas instalaciones «deportivas» de la Roma antigua, así como a los espectáculos que albergaban: las carreras del circo, los combates de gladiadores, las cacerías de fieras, las naumaquias, sin olvidar las competiciones del estadio y la pasión romana por las termas.Sport and physical education —in Ancient Rome-, looked back to the physical ideals of the Greeks. In contrast, there was also a specific encouragement of spectacles and performance or general entertainment during the Imperial Era. In order to cater for the diverse shows, sophisticated buildings were constructed in Rome, and reproduced in all the built-up areas throughout the Empire. In fact, besides the important circus network, the most emblematic of these being Maximo's Circus, amphitheatres, arenas and spa resorts were constructed, in addition to the Dominitian Stadium. The author studies the different types of «sporting» installations in Ancient Rome, considering the entertainments which took place in them: chariot races, gladiatorial combat, the hunting of wild beasts, naval combats, the stadium sports and, of course, the Roman passion for spas and hot baths.

  8. El sacrificio gladiatorio y su vinculación con la guerra en la sociedad mexicana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bueno Bravo, Isabel

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The following work analyzes how the Mexica State promoted the success of war through public ceremony and focuses on the celebration of Tlacaxipehualiztli. As was one of the most important ceremonies of the year, it was where the most powerful provincial leaders as well as millions of people from all corners of the Anahuac met. This was a favourable moment for the empire to display all of its propaganda and flaunt its power. It is the dark side of conquest, of blood and sand, or as paraphrased by Juvenal, panem et circus.

    El siguiente trabajo analiza cómo el Estado azteca-mexica rentabilizó el éxito de la guerra a través de las ceremonias públicas, centrándose en la fiesta de tlacaxipehualiztli, una de las más importantes del calendario, donde se daban cita los gobernantes de las provincias más poderosas, así como millones de personas venidas de todos los rincones del Anahuac. Este era el momento propicio para que el imperio desplegara toda su propaganda e hiciera ostentación de su poder. Era el lado oscuro de la conquista, sangre y arena o parafraseando a Juvenal panem et circenses.

  9. Uma Forma Inédita, em «Terra Sigillata» Hispânica, no Museu Nacional de Arqueologia e Etnologia de Lisboa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María García Pereira MAIA

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Un jarro de «terra sigillata» conservado en el museo nacional de Lisboa posee algunas características no dadas todavía a conocer. No tiene decoración. Presenta una sola asa y mide unos quince centímetros de altura con la boca en forma de labio muy conspicuo. Es de pasta color rosa, de grano muy fino y muchas impurezas. El barniz de color bermejo acastañado conserva un buen brillo, delgado y de poca adherencia. La forma de la boca de dicho ejemplar no es frecuente en las piezas romanas de barro cocido. Cronológicamente presenta afinidades con ejemplares hispánicos que apuntan en torno al siglo II d. C.ABSTRACT: The A. presents what she believes to be a new form of Hispanic «Sigillata», from rhe Roman «Villa» of Torre de Palma (Alentejo, Portugal and kept in the Museu Nacional de Arqueologia e Etnologia of Lisbon. It is a plain one-handled jar, which main characteristic is a circus round the mouth, rather uncummon either on «Sigillata» or on wraph wear. On the basis of some formal similitudes with Hispanic Form 20, mouthes found on glass-ware from the I I century on, and of the quality of the slip, the A. suggests, as a mere hypothesis, a chronology not far from the I I century a.D.

  10. Don't be such a scientist talking substance in an age of style

    CERN Document Server

    Olson, Randy

    2009-01-01

    How to relate scientific information in a way that entertains and enlightens? After twenty years as a marine biologist, a Ph.D. from Harvard, a tenured professorship at the University of New Hampshire, and more than twenty published research papers, why is Dr. Randy Olson telling readers, 'Don't Be Such a Scientist'? The hard-earned advice comes from a fifteen-year career transition to filmmaking, culminating in the acclaimed documentaries "Flock of Dodos: The Evolution-Intelligent Design Circus" and "Sizzle: A Global Warming Comedy". In his first book, Olson makes clear what those glued to their microscopes and climate models may not recognize: the general public doesn't speak science. For better or worse, most of us rely not on intellect, but on what Olson terms the organs of mass communication: the heart, the gut, and even 'the lower organs'. Why else do some still question the existence of global warming or evolution when the evidence is irrefutable? Drawing on his own hilarious - and at times humiliating...

  11. Clear as daylight: analysis of diurnal raptor pellets for small mammal studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matos, M.

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Non–invasive approaches are increasingly investigated and applied in studies of small mammal assemblages because they are more cost–effective and bypass conservation and animal welfare issues. However, pellets of diurnal raptors have rarely been used for these purposes. We evaluated the potential of marsh harrier pellets (Circus aeruginosus as a non–invasive method to sample small mammal assemblages, by comparing the results with those of sampling using Sherman live–traps and pitfalls. The three methods were applied simultaneously in an agricultural–wetland complex in NW Portugal. Estimates of species richness, diversity, evenness, abundance, and proportion of each species within the assemblage showed significant differences between the three methods. Our results suggest that the use of marsh harrier pellets is more effective in inventorying small mammal species than either of the two kinds of traps, while also avoiding any involuntary fatalities associated with the sampling of small non–volant mammals. Moreover, the analysis of pellets was the most cost–effective method. Comparison of the two trapping methodologies showed involuntary fatalities were higher in pitfalls than in Sherman traps. We discuss the advantages and flaws of the three methods, both from technical and conservational perspectives.

  12. Association of wintering raptors with Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program grasslands in Pennsylvania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, A.; Brittingham, M.; Grove, G.

    2010-01-01

    Conservation grasslands can provide valuable habitat resource for breeding songbirds, but their value for wintering raptors has received little attention. We hypothesized that increased availability of grassland habitat through the Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP) has resulted in an increase or redistribution in numbers of four species of raptors in Pennsylvania since 2001. We tested this by analyzing winter raptor counts from volunteer surveys, conducted from 2001 to 2008, for Red-tailed Hawks (Buteo jamaicensis), Rough-legged Hawks (Buteo lagopus), Northern Harriers (Circus cyaneus), and American Kestrels (Falco sparverius). During that period, numbers of wintering Northern Harriers increased by more than 20% per year. Log-linear Poisson regression models show that all four species increased in the region of Pennsylvania that had the most and longest-established conservation grasslands. At the county scale (N= 67), Bayesian spatial models showed that spatial and temporal population trends of all four species were positively correlated with the amount of conservation grassland. This relationship was particularly strong for Northern Harriers, with numbers predicted to increase by 35.7% per year for each additional 1% of farmland enrolled in CREP. Our results suggest that conservation grasslands are likely the primary cause of the increase in numbers of wintering Northern Harriers in Pennsylvania since 2001. ?? 2010 The Authors. Journal of Field Ornithology ?? 2010 Association of Field Ornithologists.

  13. Raptor community composition in the Texas Southern High Plains lesser prairie-chicken range

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behney, A.C.; Boal, Clint W.; Whitlaw, H.A.; Lucia, D.R.

    2012-01-01

    Predation can be a factor in preventing prey population growth and sustainability when prey populations are small and fragmented, and when predator density is unrelated to the density of the single prey species. We conducted monthly raptor surveys from February 2007 to May 2009 in adjacent areas of the Texas Southern High Plains (USA) that do and do not support lesser prairie-chickens (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus), a candidate for protection under the Endangered Species Act. During the summer period corresponding to prairie-chicken nesting and brood-rearing, Swainson's hawks (Buteo swainsoni) were the most abundant raptor. During the lekking and overwintering period, the raptor community was diverse, with northern harriers (Circus cyaneus) being the most abundant species. Raptor abundance peaked during the early autumn and was lowest during the spring. Utility poles were a significant predictor of raptor density at survey points and Swainson's hawks and all raptors, pooled, were found in greater densities in non-prairie-chicken habitat dominated by mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa). Avian predation risk on prairie-chickens, based on presence and abundance of raptors, appears to be greatest during winter when there is a more abundant and diverse raptor community, and in areas with utility poles.

  14. [The image of animal magnetism in fictional literature: the cases of Poe, Doyle and Du Maurier].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonet Safont, Juan Marcos

    2014-01-01

    In this article, we focus on the social image of the phenomenon known as mesmerism, or animal magnetism, through analysis of the works: The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar (1845) by Edgar Allan Poe, The Great Keinplatz Experiment (1885) by Conan Doyle and Trilby (1894) by George Du Maurier. We describe the stereotype of the mesmerist and the uses of mesmerism observed. We pay attention to the spaces and actors of the mesmeric transcript presented in the stories. We consider the reception of these stories by the public and the relationship of the authors with mesmeric and hypnotic knowledge. Nowadays, academic researchers in the discipline of psychology publish articles and books on popular myths about hypnosis in attempts to depict the distorted images related to this phenomenon. This distorted image of the hypnotic process and the hypnotist derives from "circus" hypnotism shows (stage hypnosis), the cinema, television and fictional literature. Works of fiction represent a unique and invaluable source of information, ideas, speculations, concerns and opportunities around animal magnetism and hypnosis, and the exploration and analysis of this literature is an essential chapter in any historical study of this topic. We see how the literary use of mesmerism by Poe, Doyle and Du Maurier is not chance or peripheral, with all three being intellectually interested in and stimulated by these ideas.

  15. Mold Hysteria: Origin of the Hoax

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Chang

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The topic of building related illness came into the public's eye as a major health issue in the mid 1970s, when several cases of pneumonia were found to be associated with an infectious agent in Philadelphia. This agent was subsequently found to be a gram-positive bacterium known as Legionella pneumoniae. During the ensuing 30 years, a myriad of symptom constellations, disorders, clinical syndromes and illnesses have been attributed to indoor living or working environments. Over time, there appeared to be no limit to claims of building related illness, and it was “reported” that almost any kind of clinical symptom, real or imaginary, could be blamed on indoor environments. As society became more and more litigious, many of these disorders were erroneously played out in courtrooms rather than medical offices, creating a circus atmosphere surrounding this class of disorders. With the advent of the internet, as well as other advances in telecommunications, these issues eventually became part of a media frenzy, and all truths could be thrown out the window as issues became more and more decided upon by emotions and unfounded beliefs, rather than scientific data and logical thinking.

  16. Breeding avifauna of the Special Protection Area Natura 2000 ‘Grądy Odrzańskie’ in Czernica and Siechnice counties, Wrocław district (Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kopij Grzegorz

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In 2009, in the Special Protection Area Natura 2000 ‘Grądy Odrzańskie’ in Czernica and Siechnice counties, Wrocław district, 95 breeding bird species were recorded. For 33 of them, maps of distribution of their breeding pairs are presented and for the remaining a relative abundance was estimated based on line transect method. In 2009, the following species were recorded in the study area for the first time: Cygnus olor, Crex crex, Upupa epops, and Picus canus. On the other hand, 11 species recorded in 1978-87 as breeding in the study area (Ciconia nigra, Pernis apivorus, Milvus migrans, Milvus milvus, Falco tinnunculus, Gallinago gallinago, Limosa limosa, Tringa totanus, Riparia riparia, Anthus campestris, Phoenicurus phoenicurus were not recorded again in 2009. It has been shown that Saxicola torquata, Ficedula albicollis, Corvus corax and Remiz pendulinus have increased in numbers. The following species recorded in 2009 as breeding in the the study area: Cygnus olr, Ciconia ciconia, Circus aeruginosus, Crex crex, Alcedo atthis, Dryocopus martius, Picus canus, Dendrocopos medius, Lulula arborea, Sylvia nisoria, Ficedula albicollis, Lanius collurio and Emberiza hortulana are included in Annex 1 of the Bird Directive.

  17. Plant Poisoning among Children in Rural Sri Lanka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. B. Kavinda Chandimal Dayasiri

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Plant poisoning is a common presentation in paediatric practice and an important cause of preventable mortality and morbidity in Sri Lanka. The burden of plant poisoning is largely underexplored. The current multicenter study based in rural Sri Lanka assessed clinical profiles, poison related factors, clinical management, complications, outcomes, and risk factors associated with plant poisoning in the paediatric age group. Among 325 children, 57% were male with 64% being below five years of age. 99.4% had ingested the poison. Transfer rate was 66.4%. Most had unintentional poisoning. Commonest poison plant was Jatropha circus and poisoning event happened mostly in home garden. 29% of parents practiced harmful first-aid practices. 32% of children had delayed presentations to which the commonest reason was lack of parental concern regarding urgency of seeking medical care. Presence of poisonous plants in home garden was the strongest risk factor for plant poisoning. Mortality rate was 1.2% and all cases had Oleander poisoning. The study revealed the value of community awareness regarding risk factors and awareness among healthcare workers regarding the mostly benign nature of plant poisoning in children in view of limiting incidence of plant poisoning and reducing expenditure on patient management.

  18. Distributed fiber optic sensor employing phase generate carrier for disturbance detection and location

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Haiyan; Wu, Hongyan; Zhang, Xuewu; Zhang, Zhuo; Li, Min

    2015-05-01

    Distributed optic fiber sensor is a new type of system, which could be used in the long-distance and strong-EMI condition for monitoring and inspection. A method of external modulation with a phase modulator is proposed in this paper to improve the positioning accuracy of the disturbance in a distributed optic-fiber sensor. We construct distributed disturbance detecting system based on Michelson interferometer, and a phase modulator has been attached to the fiber sensor in front of the Faraday rotation mirror (FRM), to elevate the signal produced by interfering of the two lights reflected by the Faraday rotation Mirror to a high frequency, while other signals remain in the low frequency. Through a high pass filter and phase retrieve circus, a signal which is proportional to the external disturbance is acquired. The accuracy of disturbance positioning with this signal can be largely improved. The method is quite simple and easy to achieve. Theoretical analysis and experimental results show that, this method can effectively improve the positioning accuracy.

  19. Stagnering en transformering: die rol van die nar in Paljas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Nel

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Stagnation and transformation: The role of the clown in Paljas This article focuses on the central problem in the film Paljas, and the role of the clown in the process of transformation that is embedded in the story. The stagnation in interpersonal relationships and the accompanying problem of identity on a personal and social level constitute the problem underlying the narrative. The youngest child refuses to speak and dysfunctional family relationships and marital problems are evident. These problems can mainly be ascribed to the spatial isolation in which the characters find themselves. Attention is therefore paid to the way in which space functions in this film. The arrival of an absconded circus clown effects transformation and healing – especially by means of his picaresque performances and the notion of play. Subsequently this article concentrates on the characteristics of game/playing as a cultural activity and on its liberating value. The clown also has definite Biblical connotations as far as the aspects of betrayal and redemption are concerned. The process of transformation as depicted in this film is completed when the child starts speaking again, dysfunctional family relationships are restored and the family is reinstated in the community because of their restored social status.

  20. Respiratory nematodiases in raptors in Quebec.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavoie, M; Mikaelian, I; Sterner, M; Villeneuve, A; Fitzgerald, G; McLaughlin, J D; Lair, S; Martineau, D

    1999-04-01

    This is a retrospective study on wild raptors submitted to the Université de Montréal (Quebec, Canada) from 1989 to 1996. Cyathostoma spp. (Nematoda: Syngamidae) adults and/or eggs were found in air sacs, lungs, bronchi, and trachea of 12 raptors (Falconiformes and Strigiformes) from Quebec, Canada, belonging to eight different species, five of which are first host records for this parasite: barred owl (Strix varia), snowy owl (Nyctea scandiaca), northern harrier (Circus cyaneus), northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), and broad-winged hawk (Buteo platypterus). The infection was considered fatal in four birds, while no significant clinical signs were observed in the other cases. Major pathologic changes included diffuse pyogranulomatous air sacculitis, pneumonia, and bronchitis. A few unidentified larval nematodes embedded in a granuloma were found in the lungs of an additional Coopers' hawk (Accipiter cooperii); they were not considered clinically significant. A dead nematode, surrounded by necrotic inflammatory cells, was found in the air sac of a northern goshawk. The presence of nematodes in air sacs or lungs should be considered in wild raptors demonstrating respiratory problems.

  1. Presenting CineGlobe Estival! | 6 - 10 July

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Join CineGlobe under a projected starry sky for a film festival and games with a neuroscience twist.   The 6th edition of the CineGlobe International Film Festival at CERN will take place during the first week of July 2016 (on the Globe grounds at CERN, from Wednesday 6 to Friday 8 July) and then during the Nuit de la Science (at the Museum of the History of Science, on July 9 and 10). The festival will include an open-air cinema, film projections in the Globe of Science and Innovation at CERN, the interactive Emotional Circus (carnival-inspired games played with just the participant’s brainwaves) and a special sci-fi edition of the 48 Hour Film Project. The full program will target people of all ages with fun and informative activities such as children’s films in the Minima Cinema, and a workshop on the creation of a pinhole camera with an empty Tetra-Pak milk carton. Practical information: Entry is free. All films in English and French. Onsite food trucks at the G...

  2. Science Me! | 09-10 July | Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    The 11th Nuit de la Science (see here) will happen on July 9 and 10 on the theme "The Rules of the Game" in the gorgeous park of the Perle-du-Lac showcasing the Museum of Science History, organizer of this event that attracts 30-35,000 visitors on each edition.   On this occasion, the Chimiscope and the Museum of Science History invite the public to take part to Science Me!, the first European science show competition. Under a large circus tent, teams of young scientists from all origins and practicing all sciences will compete under the form of 10-minute shows, in French or in English. At the end of each show, the audience will also be able to interact and converse with the participating teams. The success of the demonstrations will be measured by applausemeter, while a jury of neutral and independent scientists will evaluate the qualit...

  3. Normal and abnormal electrical propagation in the small intestine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lammers, W J E P

    2015-02-01

    As in other muscular organs, small intestinal motility is determined to a large degree by the electrical activities that occur in the smooth muscle layers of the small intestine. In recent decades, the interstitial cells of Cajal, located in the myenteric plexus, have been shown to be responsible for the generation and propagation of the electrical impulse: the slow wave. It was also known that the slow waves as such do not cause contraction, but that the action potentials ('spikes') that are generated by the slow waves are responsible for the contractions. Recording from large number of extracellular electrodes simultaneously is one method to determine origin and pattern of propagation of these electrical signals. This review reports the characteristics of slow wave propagation through the intestinal tube, the occurrence of propagation blocks along its length, which explains the well-known decrease in frequency, and the specific propagation pattern of the spikes that follow the slow waves. But the value of high-resolution mapping is highest in discovering and analysing mechanisms of arrhythmias in the gut. Most recently, circus movements (also called 're-entries') have been described in the small intestine in several species. Moreover, several types of re-entries have now been described, some similar to what may occur in the heart, such as functional re-entries, but others more unique to the small intestine, such as circumferential re-entry. These findings seem to suggest the possibilities of hitherto unknown pathologies that may be present in the small intestine.

  4. Tuberculosis in elephants-a reemergent disease: diagnostic dilemmas, the natural history of infection, and new immunological tools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maslow, J N; Mikota, S K

    2015-05-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) in elephants has been described since ancient times. However, it was not until 1996 when infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis was identified in a herd of circus elephants that significant research into this disease began. The epidemiology and natural history of TB were unknown in elephants since there had been no comprehensive screening programs, and diagnostic techniques developed for cervidae and bovidae were of unknown value. And, while precepts of test and slaughter were the norm for cattle and deer, this was considered untenable for an endangered species. With no precedent for the treatment of TB in animals, treatment regimens for elephants were extrapolated from human protocols, which guided changes to the Guidelines for the Control of Tuberculosis in Elephants. In the absence of diagnostic testing to confirm cure in elephants, the efficacy of these treatment regimens is only beginning to be understood as treated elephants die and are examined postmortem. However, because of pressures arising from public relations related to elephant husbandry and the added considerations of TB infection in animals (whether real or imagined), sharing of information to aid in research and treatment has been problematic. Here we review the challenges and successes of the diagnosis of tuberculosis in elephants and discuss the natural history of the disease to put the work of Landolfi et al on the immunological response to tuberculosis in elephants in perspective.

  5. Historical Materialism Seen Through the Lens of Magical Realism: Gender Relationships in ‘Nights at the Circus’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilija Dimitrijevic

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Nights at the Circus (1984 by Angela Carter is widely recognized as a masterpiece of magical realism. At the same time, the novel stands out in the literary genre because of its distinctly materialistic outlook. This essay argues that specific to Carter’s writing is the view of gender discourse as yet another form of idealization of dominant economic relationships. Classical Marxist theory begins with the analysis of capitalism under the Industrial Revolution and extends it to consider its implications in less developed economies. The novel proceeds similarly: it starts with gender relationships most obviously fashioned as economic transactions but explained away as natural, moves on to those apparently less governed by economic interests, and finally examines gender relationships where they appear to be dominated by the supernatural, showing that in all these cases economic relationships are not less decisive but rather differently naturalized.

  6. The New Features and Elements of Modern Martial Arts%现代武术表演的新特点和新元素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁纯子

    2015-01-01

    The performances of modern martial arts not only have the new features such as diversified themes and contents, good stage and choreography effects, national culture charm, as well as innovative and unique choreography, etc, but also some new elements such as music, dance, comedy, drama, circus and some fashionable elements with modern flavor. These new features and elements make the performances of modern martial arts become diversified and have the characteristics of the age, and show its unique charm in the form of stage performances.%现代武术表演中呈现出主题及内容形式多样化、注重舞台舞美效果、彰显民族文化魅力、编排创新独特等新特点。同时在现代武术表演中还融入了音乐、舞蹈、小品、戏剧、杂技以及具有现代气息的时尚元素。这些新特点的展现和新元素的融入使现代武术表演正朝着多元化、时代化的方向迈进,以舞台表演的形式展示着武术独有的魅力。

  7. State-of-the-art sports facility's HVAC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Horton, M.K. (Gateway Sports Complex, Cleveland, OH (United States))

    1994-08-01

    This article describes the HVAC systems design to keep Cleveland's new Gateway sports and entertainment complex comfortable. This magnificent new facility embraces the 42,000-seat Jacobs Field, with its natural grass playing surface, and the 21,000-seat Arena at Gateway (the official name will be announced at its August 1 opening). The Arena is the new home of the Cleveland Cavaliers NBA basketball team and the Lumberjacks IHL ice hockey team. Other events that will be held here include arena football, circuses, ice shows, and concerts. It is anticipated that the Arena will be in use in excess of 200 days a year for these and other functions. The ballpark and the arena are separated by Gateway Plaza, a large illuminated public space that also will be the site of various entertainment events. An air conditioned pedestrian bridge, approximately 0.7 miles in length, connects the Arena with the Regional Transit Authority's downtown rapid transit station. Other enclosed walkways connect the Arena with two parking garages (3,158 vehicles total) and the larger garage with Jacobs Field.

  8. Geographical and temporal flexibility in the response to crosswinds by migrating raptors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klaassen, Raymond H G; Hake, Mikael; Strandberg, Roine; Alerstam, Thomas

    2011-05-01

    Wind and ocean currents may potentially have important effects on travelling animals, as an animal which does not respond to lateral flow will be drifted from its intended direction of movement. By analysing daily movements of migrating ospreys Pandion haliaetus and marsh harriers Circus aeruginosus, as recorded by satellite telemetry, in relation to global wind data, we showed that these raptors allow on average 47 per cent drift. Furthermore, our analyses revealed significant geographical and temporal variation in the response to crosswinds. During some parts of the migration, the birds drifted and in other parts they compensated or even overcompensated. In some regions, the response of marsh harriers depended on the wind direction. They drifted when the wind came from one side and (over)compensated when the wind came from the opposite side, and this flexible response was different in different geographical regions. These results suggest that migrating raptors modulate their response to crosswinds at different places and times during their travels and show that individual birds use a much more varied repertoire of behavioural responses to wind than hitherto assumed. Our results may also explain why contrasting and variable results have been obtained in previous studies of the effect of wind on bird migration.

  9. Using the risk-disturbance hypothesis to assess the relative effects of human disturbance and predation risk on foraging American Oystercatchers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, K.A.; Otis, D.L.

    2005-01-01

    The risk-disturbance hypothesis asserts that animals perceive human disturbance similar to nonlethal predation stimuli, and exhibit comparable responses in the form of optimization tradeoffs. However, few studies have examined how natural predation risk factors interact with human-disturbance stimuli to elicit such responses. We observed American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus) vigilance behavior from September-December 2002 on the Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge, South Carolina. A set of models was constructed based on 340 focal-animal samples and models revealed relationships between vigilance behavior, predator density, and boat activity. Oystercatchers increased vigilance in response to aerial predators, particularly late in the season when predator species composition was dominated by Northern Harriers (Circus cyaneus). At a broader temporal scale, oystercatchers exhibited the highest vigilance rates during simultaneous peaks in boating disturbance and Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) activity. Due to this temporal overlap of stimuli, it is difficult to interpret what may have been driving the observed increased in vigilance. Foraging rates appeared to be primarily driven by habitat and tidal stage indicating that time lost to vigilance did not effectively reduce intake. Taken together, these findings provide some support for the risk-disturbance hypothesis, underscore the sensitivity of disturbance studies to temporal scale, and draw attention to the potential confounding effects of natural predation risk. ?? The Cooper Ornithological Society 2005.

  10. THEMIS Images as Art #32

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Welcome to the second annual THEMIS ART MONTH. From Jan. 31 through March 4 we will be showcasing images for their aesthetic value, rather than their science content. Portions of these images resemble things in our everyday lives, from animals to letters of the alphabet. We hope you enjoy our fanciful look at Mars! The eyes of Mars are upon you! Or perhaps they're looking at you with binoculars, or maybe even starting up a two-ring circus? Note: this THEMIS visual image has not been radiometrically nor geometrically calibrated for this preliminary release. An empirical correction has been performed to remove instrumental effects. A linear shift has been applied in the cross-track and down-track direction to approximate spacecraft and planetary motion. Fully calibrated and geometrically projected images will be released through the Planetary Data System in accordance with Project policies at a later time. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the 2001 Mars Odyssey mission for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) was developed by Arizona State University, Tempe, in collaboration with Raytheon Santa Barbara Remote Sensing. The THEMIS investigation is led by Dr. Philip Christensen at Arizona State University. Lockheed Martin Astronautics, Denver, is the prime contractor for the Odyssey project, and developed and built the orbiter. Mission operations are conducted jointly from Lockheed Martin and from JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

  11. Global perspectives on animal welfare: Asia, the Far East, and Oceania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, S A; Walker, L; Ricketts, W

    2005-08-01

    In Asia and the Far East, livestock undergo major suffering due to malnutrition, overloading, and ill-treatment. At slaughter animals are handled roughly and watch other animals being killed; stunning is not practised. Cruelty to other animals such as elephants, horses, donkeys, bears, dogs, and circus animals has largely been prevented through the efforts of animal welfare organisations. Governments have taken initiatives to establish Animal Welfare Boards and enact laws for the prevention of cruelty to animals, but their efforts are far too limited to be of any significance and financial constraints and lack of personnel inhibit the implementation of the laws that do exist. In New Zealand and Australia, legislation and strong consultation procedures at governmental and community level strive to regulate and improve the welfare of animals in all spheres, but in other Oceanic countries there is a need for both an update in, or establishment of, legislation covering animal welfare. Limited progress has been made due to the status of the Veterinary Services and a lack of resources. Although some public and educational awareness programmes are carried out, increasing exposure to international media and attitudes of visiting tourists suggest that further awareness work needs to be undertaken. To address the problems of animal welfare in developing countries, it would be inappropriate to adopt the international standards that are implemented in the developed countries. Each developing country should evolve its own standards based on its own individual priorities.

  12. [Neuroprotector effect of human recombinant erythropoietin sorbed on polymer nanoparticles studied on model of intracerebral post-traumatic hematoma (hemorrhagic stroke)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balaban'ian, V Iu; Solev, I N; Elizarova, O S; Garibova, T L; Litvinova, S A; Voronina, T A

    2011-01-01

    The neuroprotective activity of recombinant human erythropoietin (r-HuEpo) sorbed on poly(butyl)cyanoacrilate nanoparticles (EPO-PBCA) and on polylactic-co-glycolic acid nanoparticles (EPO-PLGA) has been studied on Wistar rats with intracerebral post-traumatic hematoma (model of hemorrhagic stroke) (IPH-HS) in comparison to native r-HuEpo. It is established that EPO-PBCA produced a protective effect in rats after IPH-HS that was manifested by a decrease in the number of animals with neurological disorders such as circus movement, paresis, and paralysis of hind limbs; the drug also improved coordination (rotating rod test), reduced the number of lost animals, and decreased the loss weight among survived rats. In addition, EPO-PBCA optimized the research behavior of rats with IPH-HS in the open field test and prevented amnesia of passive avoidance reflex (PAR), which was caused by the IPH-HS. These effects were manifested during a two-week observation period. EPO-PLGA has a similar but much less pronounced effect on the major disorders caused by IPH-HS. The efficiency of native r-HuEpo as a neuropotective agent was insignificant and only manifested by decrease in the number of lost animals with IPH-HS.

  13. Lights, camera, action…critique? Submit videos to AGU communications workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viñas, Maria-José

    2011-08-01

    What does it take to create a science video that engages the audience and draws thousands of views on YouTube? Those interested in finding out should submit their research-related videos to AGU's Fall Meeting science film analysis workshop, led by oceanographer turned documentary director Randy Olson. Olson, writer-director of two films (Flock of Dodos: The Evolution-Intelligent Design Circus and Sizzle: A Global Warming Comedy) and author of the book Don't Be Such a Scientist: Talking Substance in an Age of Style, will provide constructive criticism on 10 selected video submissions, followed by moderated discussion with the audience. To submit your science video (5 minutes or shorter), post it on YouTube and send the link to the workshop coordinator, Maria-José Viñas (mjvinas@agu.org), with the following subject line: Video submission for Olson workshop. AGU will be accepting submissions from researchers and media officers of scientific institutions until 6:00 P.M. eastern time on Friday, 4 November. Those whose videos are selected to be screened will be notified by Friday, 18 November. All are welcome to attend the workshop at the Fall Meeting.

  14. Don't Be Such a Scientist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, R.

    2006-12-01

    Academics are bad enough at communication. Science academics are worse. They think too much, they don't care about their image, they assume audiences cherish every word they say, and when the general public fails to embrace them, they blame it on the audience. This is the message of my recent documentary feature film, "Flock of Dodos: the evolution-intelligent design circus." I'm not alone with this message -- others are saying it as well. The world has changed. We live in a new media environment, and changed environments bring about new selective forces. Academic scientists are being challenged as never before, as documented in part in Chris Mooney's bestselling book, "The Republican War on Science." And they must now consider whether they need to adapt, or run the risk of going the way of the dodo. In this talk I will offer up my ten suggestions on how to more effectively reach a broader audience, and then wait for all the scientists to tell me I'm wrong.

  15. Patient communication factor and crisis management in medical disputes%医疗纠纷中的患方传播因素与危机管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴卫青; 江一峰; 许翔

    2012-01-01

    医疗纠纷发生和持续过程中,都有患方当事者和围观群众,他们对其他人进行传播的方式和时间是对医院形象损害的最主要体现.本文通过调查分析233例患者在医疗纠纷发生后对医院的评价及其传播行为,研究医疗纠纷中患方传播因素对医院外在和内在形象的负面影响,并就这些影响和涉及到的医院危机管理进行了讨论.%In the occurrence and continuing process of medical disputes, there are the concerned patient party and the circuses, whose manner and time of communication with other people are the major reflection of damage to the hospital image. By analyzing 233 patients' evaluation of the hospital and their communication manners after the occurrence of medical disputes, this paper studies the negative influence of patient communication factor on the external and internal images of the hospital and discusses this influence and concerning hospital crisis management.

  16. How hazardous is the Sahara Desert crossing for migratory birds? Indications from satellite tracking of raptors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strandberg, Roine; Klaassen, Raymond H G; Hake, Mikael; Alerstam, Thomas

    2010-06-23

    We investigated the risk associated with crossing the Sahara Desert for migrating birds by evaluating more than 90 journeys across this desert by four species of raptors (osprey Pandion haliaetus, honey buzzard Pernis apivorus, marsh harrier Circus aeruginosus and Eurasian hobby Falco subbuteo) recorded by satellite telemetry. Forty per cent of the crossings included events of aberrant behaviours, such as abrupt course changes, slow travel speeds, interruptions, aborted crossings followed by retreats from the desert and failed crossings due to death, indicating difficulties for the migrants. The mortality during the Sahara crossing was 31 per cent per crossing attempt for juveniles (first autumn migration), compared with only 2 per cent for adults (autumn and spring combined). Mortality associated with the Sahara passage made up a substantial fraction (up to about half for juveniles) of the total annual mortality, demonstrating that this passage has a profound influence on survival and fitness of migrants. Aberrant behaviours resulted in late arrival at the breeding grounds and an increased probability of breeding failure (carry-over effects). This study also demonstrates that satellite tracking can be a powerful method to reveal when and where birds are exposed to enhanced risk and mortality during their annual cycles.

  17. Modelling hen harrier dynamics to inform human-wildlife conflict resolution: a spatially-realistic, individual-based approach.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes P M Heinonen

    Full Text Available Individual-based models have gained popularity in ecology, and enable simultaneous incorporation of spatial explicitness and population dynamic processes to understand spatio-temporal patterns of populations. We introduce an individual-based model for understanding and predicting spatial hen harrier (Circus cyaneus population dynamics in Great Britain. The model uses a landscape with habitat, prey and game management indices. The hen harrier population was initialised according to empirical census estimates for 1988/89 and simulated until 2030, and predictions for 1998, 2004 and 2010 were compared to empirical census estimates for respective years. The model produced a good qualitative match to overall trends between 1989 and 2010. Parameter explorations revealed relatively high elasticity in particular to demographic parameters such as juvenile male mortality. This highlights the need for robust parameter estimates from empirical research. There are clearly challenges for replication of real-world population trends, but this model provides a useful tool for increasing understanding of drivers of hen harrier dynamics and focusing research efforts in order to inform conflict management decisions.

  18. Winter habitat associations of diurnal raptors in Californias Central Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandolrno, E.R.; Herzog, M.P.; Hooper, S.L.; Smith, Z.

    2011-01-01

    The wintering raptors of California's Central Valley are abundant and diverse. Despite this, little information exists on the habitats used by these birds in winter. We recorded diurnal raptors along 19 roadside survey routes throughout the Central Valley for three consecutive winters between 2007 and 2010. We obtained data sufficient to determine significant positive and negative habitat associations for the White-tailed Kite (Elanus leucurus), Bald Eagle {Haliaeetus leucocephalus), Northern Harrier (Circus cyaneus), Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis), Ferruginous Hawk (Buteo regalis), Rough-legged Hawk (Buteo lagopus), American Kestrel (Falco sparverius), and Prairie Falcon (Falco mexicanus). The Prairie Falcon and Ferruginous and Rough-legged hawks showed expected strong positive associations with grasslands. The Bald Eagle and Northern Harrier were positively associated not only with wetlands but also with rice. The strongest positive association for the White-tailed Kite was with wetlands. The Red-tailed Hawk was positively associated with a variety of habitat types but most strongly with wetlands and rice. The American Kestrel, Northern Harrier, and White-tailed Kite were positively associated with alfalfa. Nearly all species were negatively associated with urbanized landscapes, orchards, and other intensive forms of agriculture. The White-tailed Kite, Northern Harrier, Redtailed Hawk, Ferruginous Hawk, and American Kestrel showed significant negative associations with oak savanna. Given the rapid conversion of the Central Valley to urban and intensive agricultural uses over the past few decades, these results have important implications for conservation of these wintering raptors in this region.

  19. Winter raptor use of the Platte and North Platte River Valleys in south central Nebraska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lingle, G.R.

    1989-01-01

    Winter distribution and abundance of raptors were monitored within the Platte and North Platte river valleys. Data were collected along 265 km of census routes along the Platte and North Platte rivers during the winters of 1978-1979 and 1979-1980. Observations recorded during the second winter involved less observation time and were at somewhat different periods. There were 1574 sightings of 15 species representing 3 raptor families. Number of raptors observed on 54 days from 15 November to 13 February 1978-1979 was 48.3 per 100 km. In 20 days of observation from 5 December to 6 March 1979-1980, 39.7 raptors were observed per 100 km. Small mammal indices were 21 and 12 captures per 1000 trap nights during November 1978 and 1979, respectively. Raptors were sighted most frequently in riverine habitat and least in pasture and tilled fields. American kestrels (Falco sparverius) (11.1 individuals/100 km), red-tailed hawks (Buteo jamaicensis) (9.9), and bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) (9.6) were the most frequently sighted raptors. Northern harrier (Circus cyaneus), rough-legged hawk (B. lagopus), and prairie falcon (P. mexicanus) sightings were 3.4, 3.4, and 1.7, respectively. Nine species were seen at a frequency of less than 1.0 individuals/100 km. Improved foraging conditions throughout the region resulted in fewer raptors sighted in 1979-1980.

  20. Abundance of diurnal raptors in relation to prairie dog colonies: Implications for bird-aircraft strike hazard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merriman, J.W.; Boal, C.W.; Bashore, T.L.; Zwank, P.J.; Wester, D.B.

    2007-01-01

    Some diurnal raptors are frequently observed at prairie dog (Cynomys sp.) colonies. As a result, some military installations have conducted prairie dog control activities to reduce the bird-aircraft strike hazard (BASH) potential of low-flying aircraft. To evaluate the validity of this management strategy, we assessed raptor associations with prairie dog colonies at 2 short-grass prairie study areas: southern Lubbock County, Texas, USA, and Melrose Bombing and Gunnery Range in east-central New Mexico, USA. We quantified diurnal raptors (i.e., Falconiformes) at plots occupied (colony plots) and unoccupied (noncolony plots) by black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus) at both sites throughout 2002. We compared the number of individual birds of a given species at colony and noncolony plots within each study area by season. Ferruginous hawks (Buteo regalis) and northern harriers (Circus cyaneus) were more abundant at colony plots, whereas Swainson's hawks (B. swainsoni) and American kestrels (Falco sparverius) were more abundant at noncolony plots. Red-tailed hawk (B. jamaicensis) abundance did not differ between the 2 plot types. Our results suggest prairie dog control as a method of reducing BASH potential may be effective at some sites but may be ineffective or even increase the BASH potential at others. Thus, bird-avoidance models assessing the BASH potential should be conducted on a site-specific basis using information on relative and seasonal abundances of individual raptor species and the relative strike risks they pose to aircraft.

  1. Prevalence of Leucocytozoon spp, in the endangered yellow-eyed penguin Megadyptes antipodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, A G; Howe, L; Gartrell, B D; Alley, M R

    2010-09-01

    Yellow-eyed penguins on Stewart Island were identified with a Leucocytozoon spp. of a novel lineage in association with a high regional incidence of chick mortality (n=32, 100% mortality) during the November 2006 to January 2007 breeding season. Fourteen chicks from Stewart Island were examined post-mortem and histologically for Leucocytozoon infection. In addition, a survey of blood to detect Leucocytozoon spp. infections using PCR was performed on 107 yellow-eyed penguins from 4 distinct nesting areas on the South Island (Oamaru, Otago Peninsula, and Catlins) (n=95), and Stewart Island (n=12). The results of the study revealed that 2 of the 14 (14%) chicks necropsied showed severe, disseminated megaloschizont formation in the liver, spleen, lung, kidney and other tissues characteristic of leucocytozoonosis. Eighty-three percent (83%) of blood samples collected from Stewart Island penguins contained Leucocytozoon DNA, whereas samples from the 3 other nesting areas were negative for the blood parasite. Leucocytozoon spp. DNA sequences isolated from blood and tissues of adults (n=10) and chicks (n=7) were similar and grouped with other published Leucocytozoon spp. sequences but in a distinct cluster together with closely related isolates from a Western march harrier (Circus aerginosus) and common loon (Gavia immer). These findings suggest that yellow-eyed penguins on Stewart Island are infected with a regionally isolated, host-specific Leucocytozoon spp. which may contribute to the high chick mortality observed during this period.

  2. Neurofibromatosis: relinquishing the masks; a quest for quality of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messner, R; Smith, M N

    1986-07-01

    Neurofibromatosis (NF) or von Recklinghausen's disease is mankind's most common neurologic genetic disorder, occurring in one of every 3000 live births. While many individuals with NF suffer disfiguring, disabling, or life-threatening complications, NF is extremely variable in its symptoms, intensity, and progression. For many of its victims, NF is a pseudonym for uncertainty and physical and psychosocial havoc. John Merrick, 'The Elephant Man', endured one of the most severe cases of NF ever recorded. Merrick's rejection by post-Dickensian England forced him to become a sideshow circus attraction just to survive. The essence of nursing intervention with NF patients and their families engaged in the quest for quality of life is to restore them to optimal physical and psychosocial functioning, and, ideally, to help them utilize the experience for growth. Many individuals respond to the frustration of NF and society's reactions to the disorder by the wearing of psychological masks. Likewise, nurses may wear emotional masks as a defence against their own discomfort and fears concerning the disorders. Comprehensive nursing management of NF is realized only as nurses and patients relinquish their respective masks. This article examines the nurse's role in genetic disorders with special considerations presented by NF. Adaptation to NF involves coping with NF and its accompanying sequelae and coping with life as it is affected by NF. The concepts of 'chromosomal coping', 'genetophobia', 'genetic guilt, and 'genetic overload syndrome' are presented and analyzed utilizing the theoretical nursing frameworks of Imogene King and Sister Callista Roy.

  3. Promoting artistic quality in rhythmic gymnastics: a didactic analysis from high performance to school practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monique LOQUET

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In France, the curricula for physical education (PE place gymnastic activities in a set of competences named “Achieving a corporal performance for artistic and acrobatic aims”, alongside dance and circus arts. What place does Artistic occupy in gymnastic activities? Is an aesthetic gesture sufficient to be considered as part of an artistic activity? Defining the term «Artistic» is difficult in the field of sports, as descriptions usually come from the technique/Artistic dichotomy. Our analysis focuses on rhythmic gymnastics (RG, which is precisely seen as emblematic of this technique/Artistic division: on the one hand, technical rigor, prescriptions and rules; on the other hand, grace, creation and self-expression. We believe such compartmentalized categories are too schematic to define gymnasts’ and students’ activities, so we will examine their articulation points. We first present an overview of RG as a school practice in ordinary forms of teaching, then an historical analysis of RG as a sports practice, to highlight the unbridgeable gap between both school and sports practices, regarding technique/Artistic connections. We then propose three significant points of articulation (called games closely combining technical requirements and artistic commitment. We consider that the variation of the three games played in GR (creating, making beautiful, representing is the product of historical dynamics of this sport we call artistic. Finally, on this basis, we propose a learning game for novice students promoting the artistic quality of RG practice.

  4. Los oficios de la diversión en Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Cabrero Piquero

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo repasamos todos aquellos oficios que contribuyeron al disfrute del ocio entre los antiguos romanos. Los grandes espectáculos públicos: ludi circenses que agrupaban diferentes tipos de competiciones, siendo la más apreciada las carreras de carros; los munera, primero en el circo y luego en los anfiteatros, combates, cacerías y, ocasionalmente, batallas navales. Los ludi scaenici, representaciones teatrales de menor coste organizativo que los anteriores. A todo ello se añadieron las competiciones atléticas, la asistencia a las termas, la caza, etc.In this paper, we are going to review all the professions that helped towards the enjoyment of the Ancient Romans. The great public shows: ludi circenses, that got together different types of competitions like the Chariot racing, the most appreciated one; the munera, at first in the circus and later in the amphiteatres, fights, hunters and sometimes mock sea battles. The ludi scaenici, theatral plays, whose cost price was lower than the rest of the shows. In addition to all of this, we should add the athletic competitions, the termal baths, and the hunter and so on.

  5. Measurement of neuronal activity in a macaque monkey in response to animate images using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masumi Wakita

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS has been used extensively for functional neuroimaging over the past decade, in part because it is considered a powerful tool for investigating brain function in human infants and young children, for whom other neuroimaging techniques are not suitable. In particular, several studies have measured hemodynamic responses in the occipital region in infants upon exposure to visual stimuli. In the present study, we used a multi-channel NIRS to measure neuronal activity in a macaque monkey who was trained to watch videos showing various circus animals performing acrobatic activities without fixing the head position of the monkey. Cortical activity from the occipital region was measured first by placing a probe comprising a 3x5 array of emitters and detectors (2 x 4 cm on the area (area 17, and the robustness and stability of the results were confirmed across sessions. Cortical responses were then measured from the dorsofrontal region. The oxygenated hemoglobin signals increased in area 9 and decreased in area 8b in response to viewing the videos. The results suggest that these regions are involved in cognitive processing of visually presented stimuli. The monkey showed positive responsiveness to the stimuli from the affective standpoint, but its attentional response to them was an inhibitory one.

  6. Measurement of neuronal activity in a macaque monkey in response to animate images using near-infrared spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakita, Masumi; Shibasaki, Masahiro; Ishizuka, Takashi; Schnackenberg, Joerg; Fujiawara, Michiyuki; Masataka, Nobuo

    2010-01-01

    Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been used extensively for functional neuroimaging over the past decade, in part because it is considered a powerful tool for investigating brain function in human infants and young children, for whom other neuroimaging techniques are not suitable. In particular, several studies have measured hemodynamic responses in the occipital region in infants upon exposure to visual stimuli. In the present study, we used a multi-channel NIRS to measure neuronal activity in a macaque monkey who was trained to watch videos showing various circus animals performing acrobatic activities without fixing the head position of the monkey. Cortical activity from the occipital region was measured first by placing a probe comprising a 3 x 5 array of emitters and detectors (2 x 4 cm) on the area (area 17), and the robustness and stability of the results were confirmed across sessions. Cortical responses were then measured from the dorsofrontal region. The oxygenated hemoglobin signals increased in area 9 and decreased in area 8b in response to viewing the videos. The results suggest that these regions are involved in cognitive processing of visually presented stimuli. The monkey showed positive responsiveness to the stimuli from the affective standpoint, but its attentional response to them was an inhibitory one.

  7. An example of an interspecific chick rearing in Birds of Prey: the Marsh Harrier grown by the Greater Spotted Eagle in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor V. Karyakin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available We visited a breeding territory of the Greater Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga in Zavyalivskiy Wildlife Preserve of Altai Region on the 1st August, 2014. In the nest, located in a pine tree, we found a fledgling of the Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus and a nestling of the Greater Spotted Eagle in the first juvenile plumage. When we approached the nest, the female GSE flew off, followed by the fledgling of the Harrier, who uttered food-begging calls, but soon returned to the nest. The present situation possibly emerged after the adult eagle caught a nestling of the harrier but failed to kill it. Judging by prey remains near the nest, another nestling of the Marsh Harrier was eaten at the age of 25 days. But the second one survived and begun to call for food. The maternal instinct of the female Greater Spotted Eagle would have prevented her from killing the harrier, instead prompting her to feed it.

  8. Birds of Prey at the International Airport "Strigino", Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadezhda E. Kolesova

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article we discuss the seasonal dynamics and population density of Birds of Prey at the Nizhniy Novgorod International airport “Strigino”, based on data collected from November, 2013 to November, 2014. During this period a total of 71 raptors of 9 species were observed, including one breeding species – the Eurasian Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus. The seasonal population dynamics and species composition of Birds of Prey on the territory of the airport was studied. The highest population density and species number occurred during end of June – July, in September and in April. The summer population peak was caused by regular observations of hunting birds, whose nests were located on the territory of the airport and in the close vicinity. Young birds also made a contribution to this peak. Autumn and spring population peaks were caused by more frequent observations of migrating raptors during the seasonal migrations. The lowest number of raptors in the airport was observed in winter.

  9. El nuevo Madison Square Garden – (EE.UU.

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    Luckman, Ch.

    1971-05-01

    Full Text Available The Madison Square Garden Sports and Amusements Center comprises the following. 1. A circular building, 129.54 m in diameter and 45.72 m high, which houses the New Madison Square Garden and many other facilities. The arena sits 20.250 spectators, who can watch hockey, basketball, cycling, boxing, circus shows, ice skating, special displays, variety shows, meetings and other kinds of performance. 2. An office block on Seventh Avenue, with a useful floor area for office use amounting to 111,500 m2 and a further 4,800 m2 of floor area on the first two floors for commercial and banking activities.Forman parte del Centro Deportivo y de Atracciones Madison Square Garden: 1 Un edificio circular, de 129,54 m de diámetro y 45,72 m de altura, que aloja el Nuevo Madison Square Garden y otras muchas instalaciones. Tiene capacidad para 20.250 asientos, y en él se pueden celebrar espectáculos de: hockey, baloncesto, ciclismo, boxeo, circo, patinaje sobre hielo, acontecimientos especiales, variedades, asambleas y otros deportes de masas, etc. 2 Un edificio de oficinas que se alza contiguo a la Séptima Avenida, con una superficie útil de 111.500 m2 destinada a oficinas, y otra de 4.800 m2, en las plantas primera y segunda, dedicada a actividades comerciales y bancarias.

  10. Tension Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-01-01

    The fabric structure pictured is the Campus Center of La Verne College, La Verne, California. Unlike the facilities shown on the preceding pages, it is not air-supported. It is a "tension structure," its multi-coned fabric membrane supported by a network of cables attached to steel columns which function like circus tent poles. The spider-web in the accompanying photo is a computer graph of the tension pattern. The designers, Geiger-Berger Associates PC, of New York City, conducted lengthy computer analysis to determine the the best placement of columns and cables. The firm also served as structural engineering consultant on the Pontiac Silverdome and a number of other large fabric structures. Built by Birdair Structures, Inc., Buffalo, New York, the La Verne Campus Center was the first permanent facility in the United States enclosed by the space-spinoff fabric made of Owens-Corning Beta fiber glass coated with Du Pont Teflon TFE. The flexible design permits rearrangement of the interior to accommodate athletic events, student activities, theatrical productions and other recreational programs. Use of fabric covering reduced building cost 30 percent below conventional construction.

  11. Wind Circulation in Selected Rotating Magnetic Early-B Stars

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, M A; Smith, Myron A.; Groote, Detlef

    2001-01-01

    The rotating magnetic B stars have oblique dipolar magnetic fields and often anomalous helium and metallic compositions. These stars develop co-rotating torus-shaped clouds by channelling winds from their magnetic poles to an anchored planar disk over the magnetic equator. The line absorptions from the cloud can be studied as the complex rotates and periodically occults the star. We describe an analysis of the clouds of four stars (HD184927, beta Cep, sigma Ori E, and HR6684). From line synthesis models, we find that the metallic compositions are spatially uniform over the stars' surfaces. Next, using the Hubeny CIRCUS code, we demonstate that periodic UV continuum fluxes can be explained by the absorption of low-excitation lines. The analysis also quantifies the cloud temperatures, densities, and turbulences, which appear to increase inward toward the stars. The temperatures range from about 12,000K for the weak Fe lines up to temperatures of 33,000K for N V absorptions, which is in excess of temperatures ex...

  12. Refining SCJ Mission Specifications into Parallel Handler Designs

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    Frank Zeyda

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Safety-Critical Java (SCJ is a recent technology that restricts the execution and memory model of Java in such a way that applications can be statically analysed and certified for their real-time properties and safe use of memory. Our interest is in the development of comprehensive and sound techniques for the formal specification, refinement, design, and implementation of SCJ programs, using a correct-by-construction approach. As part of this work, we present here an account of laws and patterns that are of general use for the refinement of SCJ mission specifications into designs of parallel handlers used in the SCJ programming paradigm. Our notation is a combination of languages from the Circus family, supporting state-rich reactive models with the addition of class objects and real-time properties. Our work is a first step to elicit laws of programming for SCJ and fits into a refinement strategy that we have developed previously to derive SCJ programs.

  13. Dwight Nicholson Medal Lecture: Science and Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahlberg, E. Dan

    2014-03-01

    I will present some background as to the current ``scientific state'' of our society and some ideas of how we got into the fix we are in. I will then describe The Physics Force a program we developed to popularize physics. It has proven to be a very successful and entertaining outreach program of the College of Science and Engineering in the University of Minnesota developed to make science exciting and fun for students of all ages, from 6 to 106. The Force performed variations of The Physics Circus, our most popular show, at Disney's Epcot Center, parts of it were shown on Newton's Apple and several of us have performed demonstrations on the Knoff-Hoff Show, a very successful German T.V. science program. The goal of The Physics Force is to show students and the public Science is Fun, Science is Interesting, and Science is Understandable. By all measures we have available, we are extremely successful in reaching our goals. In the last three year cycle of our University support about 110,000 residents of Minnesota (or about 2% of the total population) saw a Physics Force performance; over the last decade the total is around 250,000!

  14. June 03, 2007 Natural Disaster in the Valley of Geysers in Kamchatka

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordeev, E. I.; Pinegina, T. K.; Droznin, V. A.; Dvigalo, V. N.; Melekestsev, I. V.

    2007-12-01

    The famous Valley of Geysers along with active volcanoes appears to be a beautiful visiting card of Kamchatka. It is well known in Russia and other countries as the most popular tourist place. Annually it is visited by thousands of Russian and foreign tourists. The Valley of Geysers is the most potentially hazardous area in Kamchatka because of intense development of landslides, avalanches and frequent mudflows occurring within its boundaries. June 03, 2007 landslide, followed by a mudflow, resulted in a north - west faced horse-shoe amphitheater consisting of two adjacent circuses. The height of north-eastern sub-vertical wall is 150 m with a length 800 m; the length of a flatly inclined bottom 400 - 600 m. Initially estimated volume of collapse and avalanche made up 8-15 millions cubic meters. Avalanching and formation of a dam at the Geysernaya River caused completion of some geysers and open thermal water discharge at sites blocked off by the avalanche and a dammed lake. However beyond the boundaries of the avalanche and the lake, the geysers are still operating. It is likely that some geysers could be brought back if water level in the lake decreases. Possibly new geysers could appear. Based on results of routine survey we estimated specific areas that nowadays pose a hazard as well as a possibility of new avalanches and landslides that may occur in the future. Estimation and forecast of new avalanches and landslides require continuous observations to be performed in the Valley of Geysers to monitor deformation and seismic processes.

  15. Eradication of elephant ear mites (Loxoanoetus bassoni) in two African elephants (Loxodonta africana).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyatt, Jeff; DiVincenti, Louis

    2012-03-01

    Elephant ear mites, not previously described in North America, were eradicated in two African elephants (Loxodonta africana) after six otic instillations of ivermectin at 2-wk intervals. The microscopic examination of a clear, mucoid discharge collected from the external ear canals of two wild-born African elephants housed in a New York State zoo for 25 yr revealed live mites (Loxoaneotus bassoni). The cytologic examination demonstrated no evidence of inflammation or infection. Both elephants were asymptomatic with normal hemograms and serum chemistry panels. A diagnosis of otoacariasis was made. Each elephant was treated six times with 5 ml of 1% ivermectin syrup instilled in each ear canal once every 2 wk. Microscopic examinations of clear mucus collected from each elephant's ear canals 9 days after the first instillation of ivermectin were negative for any life stages of ear mites. Microscopic examinations of mucus collected from both elephants' ear canals at 6, 11, and 16 wk, as well as annually post-treatment for 7 yr, confirmed eradication of the ear mites. The L. bassoni ear mite was first identified in the external ear canals of wild, asymptomatic, lesion-free, African elephants culled in Kruger National Park in South Africa. However, a new species in the same genus of mites (Loxoanoetus lenae) was identified at the necropsy of an 86-yr-old Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) living in a circus in Australia. The autopsy revealed a marked, ballooning distension of bone around the left external acoustic meatus, suggestive of mite-induced otitis externa, as seen in cattle infested with ear mites (Raillieta auris). Elephant health care providers should identify the prevalence of, and consider treatment of, elephants in their care infested with ear mites, given the possible risk for adverse health effects.

  16. Engaging creative communities in an industrial city setting: A question of enclosure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris Gibson

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the politics and practicalities of research process in a major government-funded, academic/community collaborative research project on cultural assets in Wollongong, a regional industrial city 85 km south of Sydney, Australia. It does so through the theoretical concept of ‘enclosure’, which helps illuminate how policy discourses are framed, and reveals capacities to challenge and reframe policy imaginations through research. The setting is pivotal: Wollongong has a legacy of steel and coal industries that dominates contemporary discourses about the city’s future prosperity. Cultural industries such as music, film, art, circus and theatre have at various times been either marginalised as insignificant to economic futures or, when they have been noticed, have been worked into city planning in very particular ways – as cultural pastimes, as prospects for economic diversification or as means to renew socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods. Such visions have rested on notions of what constitutes ‘culture’ and ‘creativity’, with a focus on the performing arts, while other forms of vernacular creativity have remained largely unnoticed. Our research project has sought to respond to this, identifying and engaging with people involved in forms of vernacular creativity outside the arts orthodoxy among Wollongong’s blue-collar and youth populations (including surfboard shapers, Aboriginal rappers, custom car designers and alternative music subcultures. Our hope is that such engagement can better inform future planning for cultural industries in Wollongong. However, engaging with such creative communities is complicated, and in different times and places research strategies confronted apathy, suspicion, absence of representative organisation and ‘consultation fatigue’. We discuss our efforts at engagement with creative communities beyond the arts orthodoxy, and appraise some of the prospects and

  17. REINTERPRETATION OF THE LATE PLEISTOCENE INGARANO CAVE DEPOSIT BASED ON THE FOSSIL BIRD ASSOCIATION (APULIA, SOUTH-EASTERN ITALY

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    CLAUDIA BEDETTI

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available We present a study of Late Pleistocene fossil bird remains from Ingarano (Apulia, SE Italy, based on the revision of previously published material and the study of unpublished fossils bones. New field observations make it possible to simplify the stratigraphy of the deposit compared to previous work. The systematic study of the fossil bird bones revealed the presence of 15 taxa, including two hypothetical ones: Circus aeruginosus, Buteo rufinus, Aquila chrysaëtos, Falco columbarius, Falco cherrug, Alectoris graeca, Perdix perdix, Columba livia, Otus scops, Nyctea scandiaca, Nyctea scandiaca vel Bubo bubo, Athene noctua, Pyrrhocorax graculus, Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax, Corvus corone, Corvus corone vel Corvus frugilegus, Corvus corax. Our detailed study also helps improve the taphonomical interpretation of the deposit: the remains from the lower layers were accumulated after mammalian predator activity and were transported over short distances, while the ones from the upper layers show sings of intense transport, such as fractures and surface abrasion. Two different bird assemblages were recognized, respectively from the lowermost and the upper layers of the clastic succession exposed in the Ingarano deposit; this difference is also confirmed by the fossil mammal remains. The systematic study makes it possible to make palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatic reconstructions: both assemblages indicate open environments, and the taxa of the lower layers indicate the presence of woods and wetlands with colder characteristics, while birds of the upper layers indicate drier and warmer conditions. This analysis, and the dating established through geochemical analyses and study of lithic artefacts, lead us to date the formation of the Ingarano deposit to the Late Pleistocene, in particular to the MIS 3. The presence of a layer dated to the MIS 2 at the base of the succession indicated in previous works cannot be confirmed. 

  18. Monitoring of West Nile virus, Usutu virus and Meaban virus in waterfowl used as decoys and wild raptors in southern Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jurado-Tarifa, E; Napp, S; Lecollinet, S; Arenas, A; Beck, C; Cerdà-Cuéllar, M; Fernández-Morente, M; García-Bocanegra, I

    2016-12-01

    In the last decade, the number of emerging flaviviruses described worldwide has increased considerably, with wild birds acting as the main reservoir hosts of these viruses. We carried out an epidemiological survey to determine the seroprevalence of antigenically related flaviviruses, particularly West Nile virus (WNV), Usutu virus (USUV) and Meaban virus (MBV), in waterfowl used as decoys and wild raptors in Andalusia (southern Spain), the region considered to have the highest risk of flaviviruses circulation in Spain. The overall flaviviruses seroprevalence according to bELISA was 13.0% in both in decoys (n=1052) and wild raptors (n=123). Specific antibodies against WNV, USUV and MBV were confirmed by micro virus neutralization tests in 12, 38 and 4 of the seropositive decoys, respectively. This is the first study on WNV and USUV infections in decoys and the first report of MBV infections in waterfowl and raptors. Moreover we report the first description of WNV infections in short-toed snake eagle (Circaetus gallicus) and Montagu's harrier (Circus pygargus). The seropositivity obtained indicates widespread but not homogeneous distribution of WNV and USUV in Andalusia. The results also confirm endemic circulation of WNV, USUV and MBV in both decoys and wild raptors in southern Spain. Our results highlight the need to implement surveillance and control programs not only for WNV but also for other related flaviviruses. Further research is needed to determine the eco-epidemiological role that waterfowl and wild raptors play in the transmission of emerging flaviviruses, especially in decoys, given their close interactions with humans.

  19. Raptor abundance and northern bobwhite survival and habitat use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, J.; Hernandez, F.; Boal, Clint W.; Ballard, Bart M.; Bryant, Fred C.; Wester, D.B.

    2014-01-01

    Predation risk has a profound influence on prey behavior and habitat use. The Rio Grande Plains ecoregion of Texas, USA, provides a unique opportunity to investigate changes in prey behavior because the ecoregion experiences a high influx of raptors every year during autumn migration. We used an 8-year data set (2000–2008) of radiocollared northern bobwhites (Colinus virginianus) and raptor abundance to test the hypothesis that bobwhites responded to increased raptor abundance via changes in woody-cover use at the home-range scale. Bobwhite survival was negatively correlated with raptor abundance, with red-tailed hawks (Buteo jamaicensis), and northern harriers (Circus cyaneus) accounting for 51% of the variability in bobwhite survival (P raptor migration (6.6% ± 0.5%; n = 73 bobwhites) and non-migration periods (7.1% ± 0.4%; n = 105 bobwhites; P = 0.490). In addition, bobwhites that survived the raptor migration period used similar amounts of woody cover within their home range (6.3% ± 0.6%, n = 58 bobwhites) compared with those dying during the migration period (6.8% ± 0.4%, n = 100 bobwhites; P = 0.530). Our data suggest that bobwhites do not alter their use of woody cover at the home-range scale in response to increasing raptor abundance, but this does not preclude increased use of woody cover at the point-of-use scale.

  20. Forty-sixth supplement to the American ornithologists' union check-list of North American Birds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, R.C.; Cicero, C.; Dunn, J.L.; Kratter, A.W.; Rasmussen, P.C.; Remsen, J.V.; Rising, J.D.; Stotz, D.F.

    2005-01-01

    This is the fifth Supplement since publication of the 7th edition of the Check-list of North American Birds (American Ornithologists? Union [AOU] 1998). It summarizes decisions made by the AOU?s Committee on Classification and Nomenclature between 1 January and 31 December 2004. Changes in this Supplement fall into the following categories: (1) two species replace others presently on the list because of splitting of extralimital forms (Leptotila plumbeiceps replaces L. rufaxilla and Hylocharis humboldtii replaces H. grayi); (2) one species is removed from the Appendix and added to the main list because of new distributional information (Circus aeruginosus); (3) one species is removed from the list because of its merger with another species on the list (Motacilla lugens); (4) one species is removed from the main list and placed in the Appendix (Acridotheres cristatellus); (4) two species are removed from the families in which they were previously treated and placed in incertae sedis categories (Donacobius atricapilla and Coereba flaveola), and one family is removed from the list (Coerebidae); (6) one genus is removed from the list (Mimodes) because of its merger with another on the list (Mimus), with the consequent change of the scientific name of one species; and (7) the distribution of one species is restricted because of the removal of an extralimital population now treated as distinct (Melanerpes chrysauchen). Further, one species is added to the list of birds known to occur in the United States (Tachycineta albilinea). A few recent references are added to statements of distribution. Minor corrections are made in several citations or notes. There is one more deletion from the main list than additions to it, so the number of species in the main list becomes 2,037.

  1. The Hoopla Over the Higgs Boson: A Window into the State of Science Journalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Adrian

    2012-10-01

    On July 4, experimenters at the European particle physics laboratory, CERN, near Geneva, Switzerland, held a special seminar in which they reported that they had at last discovered something resembling the Higgs boson, the last missing piece in particle physicists' standard model. The event drew more than 100 journalists, including myself, and the days leading up to the seminar evolved in almost a caricature of a media circus. Rumors coursed across the internet, bloggers prognosticated about what would be reported, anonymous sources whispered confidence levels to eager reporters, and on the very eve of the seminar CERN's own press office inadvertently leaked a video explaining many of the details. At a post-seminar press conference, dozens of photographers and videographers swarmed Peter Higgs, the eponymous theorist from the University of Edinburgh. Higgs even had his own handler to help him fend off the press onslaught. It was all great fun, but for a traditional journalist the event highlighted the many open questions we journalists now face. In the age of blogs and Twitter, does anybody really care that journalists try to put together fair, balanced, and accessible accounts of events? Or are people just as happy to get their information directly from researchers through their blogs or the lab through its press office? Is being first out with the story the only measure of success these days, or is there still a market for deeper analysis? I'll use the Higgs hoopla as a lens to lay out the questions as I see them. I am hoping to get the answers of the members of the audience in a discussion.

  2. Trends in dynamics of forest upper boundary in high mountains of northern Baikal area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. I. Voronin

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Studies of spatial-temporal variability of the upper boundary of the forest on the north-western coast of Lake Baikal (Baikal and Upper Angara Ridges are performed on the base of the analysis of forests renewal processes and of the dynamics of larch radial increment in the ecotone of the forest upper boundary and out of it. The presence of a large amount of well-developed uplands and circuses with considerable heights drops in the structure of mountain system favours formation of interrupted boundary between forest and subgoltsy belt. The timber stand of the upper forest boundary in the studied area is represented by Daurian larch. Three tree-ring chronologies of larch are obtained. The longest chronology is obtained for mountain taiga belt of Baikal Ridge and is as long as 460 years. Since 1980ies, a sustainable trend of increase of radial trees growth is observed. It is observed the most distinctly in trees of the upper forest boundary on the Baikal Ridge. There is advancing of trees species into subgoltsy belt and into mountain tundra, which depends, respectively, on slopes heights, exposition and tilting, on sites of growth of concrete cenoses. Modern peculiarity of the vegetation of the studied area is presence of abundant viable larch undergrowth (from 2–3 to 25 y.o. and fir in the ecotone of upper forest boundary and in subgoltsy belt, as well as appearing of single specimens of spruce. Main undergrowth mass (2/3 is presented by trees aged in average 15–25 y.o., i.e., they appeared in late 1980ies. Due to increase of snow cover thickness in winter, the trees young growth obtained great protection from freezing resulting in the increase of ability of young growth to live up to elder age.

  3. Electrophysiologic study of dysrhythmias after atrial operations in dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamiya, T; Yamashiro, T; Hata, A; Kuge, K; Asano, S; Sato, T

    1992-10-01

    Experiments were conducted with 159 dogs to investigate the mechanism of persistent dysrhythmias clinically encountered after atrial-level operations. Those found after incisions to the internodal pathways (INPs) of the right atrium were analyzed using cardiac mapping in an anesthetized or extracorporeally perfused state. Longitudinal incisions of the posterior INP often allowed inducible sustained atrial flutter, with circus movement of excitation around the right atrium near the tricuspid orfice. Sustained atrial flutter thus produced was modified in cycle length by coexisting division of the middle INP but inhibited by that of the anterior INP. Its incidence increased at chronic stage, with marked cicatricial changes. The disrupted anterior INP markedly prolonged conduction time to the atrioventricular node and A-H interval compared with the other disruptions. Persistent atrioventricular junctional rhythm developed in about 50% of the animals after disruption of all three INPs or anterior and posterior INPs; division of the anterior INP was the common potent factor, although no single blocked INP produced persistent junctional rhythm. Our results support the "summation theory." The incidence of junctional rhythm and hypoxia of the sinoatrial node (flow rate of less than 10 mL.100 g-1.min-1) were markedly enhanced by coexisting blockade of atrial feeding arteries in addition to division of the anterior INP. In conclusion, massive posterior INP disruption is a potent anatomic substrate in producing sustained atrial flutter, middle INP division a modifier, and anterior INP division an inhibitor. Division of the anterior INP is a potent anatomic substrate in producing junctional rhythm, and hypoxia involving the sinoatrial node reacts as its synergic factor.

  4. Частный сектор культуры Республики Беларуси: становление и развитие (1991–2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Димитрий [Dimitriĭ] А. [A.] Кривошей [Krivosheĭ

    2015-08-01

    organizations of national crafts, circuses.

  5. Quantum physics reimagined for the general public

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobroff, Julien

    2015-03-01

    Quantum Physics has always been a challenging issue for outreach. It is invisible, non-intuitive and written in sophisticated mathematics. In our ``Physics Reimagined'' research group, we explore new ways to present that field to the general public. Our approach is to develop close collaborations between physicists and designers or graphic artists. By developing this new kind of dialogue, we seek to find new ways to present complex phenomena and recent research topics to the public at large. For example, we created with web-illustrators a series of 3D animations about basic quantum laws and research topics (graphene, Bose-Einstein condensation, decoherence, pump-probe techniques, ARPES...). We collaborated with designers to develop original setups, from quantum wave animated models or foldings to a superconducting circus with levitating animals. With illustrators, we produced exhibits, comic strips or postcards displaying the physicists in their labs, either famous ones or even our own colleagues in their daily life as researchers. With artists, we recently made a stop-motion picture to explain in an esthetic way the process of discovery and scientific publication. We will discuss how these new types of outreach projects allowed us to engage the public with modern physics both on a scientific and cultural level and how the concepts and process can easily be replicated and expanded by other physicists. We are at the precise time when creative tools, interfaces, and ways of sharing and learning are rapidly evolving (wikipedia, MOOCs, smartphones...). If scientists don't step forward to employ these tools and develop new resources, other people will, and the integrity of the science and underlying character of research risks being compromised. All our productions are free to use and can be downloaded at www.PhysicsReimagined.com (for 3D quantum videos, specific link: www.QuantumMadeSimple.com) This work benefited from the support of the Chair ``Physics Reimagined

  6. Does timing of breeding matter less where the grass is greener? Seasonal declines in breeding performance differ between regions in an endangered endemic raptor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Sophie Garcia-Heras

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The timing of breeding can strongly influence individual breeding performance and fitness. Seasonal declines in breeding parameters have been often documented in birds, particularly in the Northern Hemisphere. Fewer studies have investigated whether seasonal declines in productivity vary in space, which would have implications for a species’ population dynamics across its distributional range. We report here on variation in the timing of breeding in the Black Harrier (Circus maurus, an endangered and endemic raptor to Southern Africa. We investigated how key breeding parameters (clutch size, nesting success and productivity varied with the timing of breeding, weather conditions (rainfall and temperature and between contrasted regions (coastal vs. interior-mountain. Black Harrier onset of breeding extended over an 8-month period, with a peak of laying between mid-August and end of September. We show a marked seasonal decline in all breeding parameters. Importantly, for clutch size and productivity these seasonal declines differed regionally, being more pronounced in interior-mountain than in coastal regions, where the breeding season was overall shorter. Timing of breeding, clutch size and productivity were also partly explained by weather conditions. In coastal regions, where environmental conditions, in particular rainfall, appear to be less variable, the timing of breeding matters less for breeding output than in interior-mountain regions, and breeding attempts thus occurred over a longer period. The former areas may act as population sources and be key in protecting the long-term population viability of this threatened endemic raptor. This study provides unique evidence for a regionally variable seasonal decline in breeding performance with implications for population biology and conservation.

  7. Short-term bird response to harvesting switchgrass for biomass in Iowa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, L.D.; Best, L.B.

    2003-01-01

    The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) provides habitat for grassland birds, but as contracts expire, some CRP fields might be returned to rowcrop production. One alternative to returning CRP fields to rowcrops is to produce switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) for use as a biomass fuel. Because the biomass is harvested during the fall and winter, breeding birds would not be directly affected by mowing the fields bur might be influenced by changes in vegetation structure resulting from the harvest. We evaluated bird abundances and nest success in totally harvested, partially harvested (alternating cut and uncut strips), and nonharvested CRP switchgrass fields in southern Iowa, USA, in 1999 and 2000. Species richness did not differ among harvest treatments. Abundances of most species (16 of 18) were not affected by the harvesting of switchgrass fields, and strip width did not affect bird numbers in strip-harvested fields. Grasshopper sparrows (Ammodramus savannarum) were more abundant in harvested portions of fields, and more sedge wrens (Cistothorus platensis) were recorded in nonharvested areas. The residual vegetation in nonharvested areas provided nest cover for species that begin nesting early in the season (e.g., northern harrier [Circus cyaneus] and ring-necked pheasant [Phasianus colchicus]). Nest success rates of grasshopper sparrows and common yellowthroats (Geothlypis trichas) were similar to those reported by other studies in switchgrass fields and might be sufficient to maintain stable populations. In general, switchgrass biomass fields create breeding habitat for some grassland birds, and a mixture of harvested and nonharvested fields would be more beneficial to grassland birds than totally harvesting or partially harvesting all switchgrass fields.

  8. EARLY TO LATE OLIGOCENE CALCAREOUS NANNOFOSSIL BIOEVENTS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN (UMBRIA-MARCHE BASIN, CENTRAL ITALY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PATRIZIA MAIORANO

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Calcareous nannofossil assemblages have been investigated by means of quantitative analyses in three Oligocene pelagic sections located in the Umbria-Marche Apennines (Central Italy. The studied sections mainly consist of marly limestones and marls belonging to the Scaglia Cinerea Formation, and include the interval between NP23 and NP25 representing a time interval of about 3.5 Ma. Biostratigraphic resolution is extremely low and only two standard bioevents are known, which are the FO of Sphenolithus ciperoensis and the LO of Sphenolithus distentus. The distribution patterns of poorly known or recently described calcareous nannofossils provided a valuable tool for improving the current biostratigraphic framework. The studied interval is characterized by significant changes in the calcareous nannofossil assemblages and by several extinction events. The last occurrence (LO and/or the last common occurrence (LCO here proposed are: the LO of Sphenolithus akropodus, the LO of Reticulofenestra circus, the LCO of Helicosphaera ethologa, the LCO of Helicosphaera compactathe LO of Discoaster tanii nodifer. The reversal in abundance between Sphenolithus predistentus and S. distentus provided an additional biostratigraphic constraint at the NP23-NP24 transition. In addition biometric criteria enabled the recognition of the first common occurrence (FCO of Cyclicargolithus abisectus > 12 mm as potential bioevent within NP24. The quantitative distribution of Sphenolithus distentus suggests to rely on the LCO of the species rather than on the LO, for the identification of NP24-NP25 boundary. The identified bioevents is a first step towards the improvement of the present Mediterranean biostratigraphic framework of the Oligocene geological record. A preliminary correlation of the bioevents to the Geomagnetic Polarity Time Scale is presented.

  9. Assembly Hall de la Universidad de Illinois, USA

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    Harrison & Abramovitz, Arquitectos

    1970-05-01

    Full Text Available The Assembly Hall of Illinois University has been constructed with an original reinforced and prestressed concrete structure. It has a seating capacity for 15,565 spectators, in addition to space for press, radio and TV. staff, for the performers, and for invalid spectators who use wheeled chairs. The seating capacity can be further extended by providing 1,500 portable chairs. This hall can be adapted to many uses, and has suitable equipment and installations for assemblies, theatrical and musical performances, ice skating, sports competitions and circus shows. The provision of this magnificent hall has made it possible to organise at the University of Illinois many activities that were not practicable before.Con una original estructura realizada a base de hormigón armado y pretensado ha sido construido el «Assembly Hall», de la Universidad de Illinois, con capacidad para 15.565 espectadores sentados —además de los espacios reservados a los representantes de la prensa, radio y T.V., artistas y espectadores inválidos que acudan en carritos de ruedas—. Puede ser ampliada colocando unas 1.500 sillas portátiles. El edificio está destinado a múltiples usos y dispone de los equipos e instalaciones adecuadas para todo tipo de celebraciones: asambleas, representaciones teatrales y musicales; espectáculos de: circo, patinaje sobre hielo, competiciones deportivas, etc., y ha permitido organizar, en el seno de la Universidad de Illinois, una serie de actividades que antes resultaban imposibles.

  10. Measuring non-technical skills in medical emergency care: a review of assessment measures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Cooper

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Simon Cooper1, Ruth Endacott2, Robyn Cant11School of Nursing and Midwifery, Monash University, Gippsland Campus, Churchill, Victoria, Australia; 2School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth UKAim: To review the literature on non-technical skills and assessment methods relevant to emergency care.Background: Non-technical skills (NTS include leadership, teamwork, decision making and situation awareness, all of which have an impact on healthcare outcomes. Significant concerns have been raised about the rates of adverse medical events, many of which are attributed to NTS failures.Methods: Ovid, Medline, ProQUEST, PsycINFO and specialty websites were searched for NTS measures using applicable access strategies, inclusion and exclusion criteria. Publications identified were assessed for relevance.Results: A range of non-technical skill measures relevant to emergency care was identified: leadership (n = 5, teamwork (n = 7, personality/behavior (n = 3 and situation awareness tools (n = 1. Of these, 9 have been used with emergency care populations/clinicians. All had varying degrees of reliability and validity. In the last decade there has been some development of teamwork measures specific to emergency care with a predominantly global and collective rating of broad skills.Conclusion: A variety of non-technical skill measures are available; only a few have been used in the emergency care arena. There is a need for an increase in the focused assessment of teamwork skills for a greater understanding of team performance to enhance patient safety in medical emergency care.Keywords: non-technical skills, teamwork, medical emergency, standards

  11. The current state of glaciers within the Koryak Highland and assessment of their development by the middle of this century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. D. Ananicheva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The Koryak Upland, located in Russian Far East, has so far been poorly studied in terms of glaciology. The information contained in the USSR Glacier Inventory (1982 was obtained by analysis of topographic maps and aerial photography. On the publication date, the Inventory of Koryak Upland included 715 glaciers. To study of the current state of Koryak glaciers, we used satellite imageries – Landsat, Terra /Aqua (EOS AM-1 and ASTER. Deciphering the scenes showed that a significant portion of the glaciers melted away since the mid-1970's until now. We have found only 237 glaciers. Some glaciers are appeared to be rock glaciers, filled with detrital material, cemented by ice in a single body. They might be taken for real glaciers while categorization. The analysis of the retreat (reduction in area of Koryak glaciers by groups with the same morphological type and the same aspect was conducted. The total retreat of the glaciers of this region varied from 40 (for those measured in situ to 70% (mean total as compared to aerial photography surveys (1950. This is the most intense reduction among the studied glacier systems of the Russian Subarctic. It can be explained by the changes in atmospheric circulation due to climate change, the Koryak Upland dries out while the increasing of annual air temperatures. Significant reduction of the glacier area was an incentive for us to undertake a work to assess the evolution of the glaciers in the near future. We used a GCM – ECHAM5 (B1 as the climatic scenario. The projection method has got further development: we have estimated the evolution of glacier systems in which the prevailing type is corries (relatively small circus glacier. The results show a diverse picture of glacier reduction by area, but in general the glacierization will not disappear for the period 2049–2060, reducing the extent by only 17% of the contemporary state.

  12. MODELING OF CONVECTIVE STREAMS IN PNEUMOBASIC OBJECTS (Part 2

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    B. M. Khroustalev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents modeling for investigation of aerodynamic processes on area sections (including a group of complex constructional works for different regimes of drop and wind streams  and  temperature  conditions  and  in  complex  constructional  works  (for  different regimes of heating and ventilation. There were developed different programs for innovation problems solution in the field of heat and mass exchange in three-dimensional space of pres- sures-speeds-temperatures of оbjects.The field of uses of pneumobasic objects: construction and roof of tennis courts, hockey pitches, swimming pools , and also exhibitions’ buildings, circus buildings, cafes, aqua parks, studios, mobile objects of medical purposes, hangars, garages, construction sites, service sta- tions and etc. Advantages of such objects are the possibility and simplicity of multiple instal- lation and demolition works. Their large-scale implementation is determined by temperature- moisture conditions under the shells.Analytical and calculating researches, real researches of thermodynamic parameters of heat and mass exchange, multifactorial processes of air in pneumobasic objects, their shells in a wide range of climatic parameters of air (January – December in the Republic of Belarus, in many geographical latitudes of many countries have shown that the limit of the possibility of optimizing wind loads, heat flow, acoustic effects is infinite (sports, residential, industrial, warehouse, the military-technical units (tanks, airplanes, etc.. In modeling of convective flows in pneumobasic objects (part 1 there are processes with higher dynamic parameters of the air flow for the characteristic pneumobasic object, carried out the calculation of the velocity field, temperature, pressure at the speed of access of air through the inflow holes up to 5 m/sec at the moments of times (20, 100, 200, 400 sec. The calculation was performed using the developed mathematical

  13. A Palaearctic migratory raptor species tracks shifting prey availability within its wintering range in the Sahel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trierweiler, Christiane; Mullié, Wim C; Drent, Rudi H; Exo, Klaus-Michael; Komdeur, Jan; Bairlein, Franz; Harouna, Abdoulaye; de Bakker, Marinus; Koks, Ben J

    2013-01-01

    Mid-winter movements of up to several hundreds of kilometres are typical for many migratory bird species wintering in Africa. Unpredictable temporary food concentrations are thought to result in random movements of such birds, whereas resightings and recoveries of marked birds suggest some degree of site fidelity. Only detailed (e.g. satellite) tracking of individual migrants can reveal the relative importance and the causes of site choice flexibility and fidelity. The present study investigates how mid-winter movements of a Palaearctic-African migratory raptor, Montagu's harrier Circus pygargus, in the Sahel of West Africa are related to the availability of food resources. Thirty harriers breeding or hatched in northern Europe were satellite tracked (2005-2009). On average, four home ranges, each separated by c. 200 km, were visited during one overwinter stay in the Sahel. Wintering home ranges were similar in size to breeding season home ranges (average over wintering and breeding home range size c. 200 km(2) ), and harriers showed high site fidelity between years. Most preferred habitat types in the Sahel were mosaics of grass- and cropland, indicating similar habitat preferences in both the breeding- and wintering seasons. The main prey of Montagu's harriers in the Sahel were grasshoppers Acrididae. Highest grasshopper numbers in the field occurred at relatively low vegetation greenness [normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) values 0.17-0.27]. We used NDVI as a proxy of food availability for harriers. During their overwinter stay, Montagu's harriers moved in a South-South-western direction between consecutive home ranges. The birds selected areas within the range of NDVI values associated with high grasshopper numbers, thus tracking a 'green belt' of predictable changes in highest grasshopper availability. Contrary to earlier hypotheses of random movements in the Sahelian-wintering quarters, the present study shows that Montagu's harriers visited

  14. Scientific-technical cooperation with Russia. Transient analyses for alternative types of water-cooled reactors. Final report; WTZ mit Russland. Transientenanalysen fuer wassergekuehlte Kernreaktoren. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rohde, Ulrich [Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (Germany). Inst. fuer Sicherheitsforschung; Kozmenkov, Yaroslav [Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (Germany). Inst. fuer Sicherheitsforschung; Institute of Physics and Power Engineering, Obninsk (Russian Federation); Pivovarov, Valeri; Matveev, Yurij [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering, Obninsk (Russian Federation)

    2010-12-15

    The recently developed multi-group version DYN3D-MG of the reactor dynamics code DYN3D has been qualified for applications to water-cooled reactor concepts different from industrial PWR and BWR. An extended DYN3D version was applied to the graphite-moderated pressure tube reactor EGP-6 (NPP Bilibino) and conceptual design studies of an advanced Boiling Water Reactor with reduced moderation (RMWR) as well as the RUTA-70 reactor for low temperature heat supply. Concerning the RUTA reactor, safe heat removal by natural circulation of the coolant at low pressure has to be shown. For the corresponding validation of thermo-hydraulic system codes like ATHLET and RELAP5, experiments on flashing-induced natural circulation instabilities performed at the CIRCUS test facility at the TU Delft were simulated using the RELAP5 code. For the application to alternative water-cooled reactors, DYN3D model extensions and modifications were implemented, in particular adaptations of heat conduction and heat transfer models. Performing code-to-code comparisons with the Russian fine-mesh neutron diffusion code ACADEM contributed to the verification of DYN3D-MG. Validation has been performed by calculating reactor dynamics experiments at the NPP Bilibino. For the reactors EGP-6, RMWR and RUTA, analyses of various protected and unprotected control rod withdrawal and ejection transients were performed. The beyond design basis accident (BDBA) scenario ''Coast-down of all main coolant pumps at nominal power without scram'' for the RUTA reactor was analyzed using the code complexes DYN3D/ATHLET and DYN3D/RELAP5. It was shown, that the reactor passes over to a save asymptotic state at reduced power with coolant natural circulation. Analyzing the BDBA ''Unprotected withdrawal of a control rod group'' for the RMWR, the safety against Departure from Nucleate Boiling (DNB) could not be shown with the necessary confidence. Finally, conclusions have been drawn

  15. Recommendations on the use of prescribed burning practices in grassland conservation - An evidence-based study from Hungary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tóthmérész, Béla; Valkó, Orsolya; Török, Péter; Végvári, Zsolt; Deák, Balázs

    2015-04-01

    Fire as a natural disturbance has been present in most European grasslands. In parallel controlled use of burning was an important part of the traditional landscape management for millennia. It was used to reduce litter and suppress woody vegetation as well as to maintain open landscapes suitable for farming. Recently, human activities have a considerable impact on natural fire regimes through habitat fragmentation, cessation of traditional grassland management and climate change. Nowadays the majority of human-ignited fires are uncontrolled burnings and arson, which have serious negative impacts on human life, property and can be detrimental also from the nature conservation point of view. Despite fire was widely applied in the past and the considerable extension and frequency of current grassland fires, the impact of fire on the grassland biodiversity is still scarcely documented in Europe. The aim of our study was to gather practical knowledge and experiences from Hungary concerning the effects of fire on grasslands. To fulfil this aim we sent questionnaires to experts from Hungarian national park directorates to gather unpublished data and field observations concerning the effects of burning on grasslands. Based on the answers for the questionnaires fire regularly occur in almost every grassland types in Hungary. We found that effects of fire are habitat-specific. One hand uncontrolled burning and arson have serious detrimental impacts on many endangered species (ground-dwelling birds, such as Asio flammeus, Tringa totanus and Vanellus vanellus; or lizards, such as Ablepharus kitaibelii). On the other hand in several cases fire has a positive effect on the habitat structure and favours species of high nature conservation interest (plant species, such as Adonis volgensis, Chamaecytisus supinus and Pulsatilla grandis; butterflies, such as Euphydryas aurinia; bird species such as Circus aeruginosus and Larus cachinnans). Our results suggest that even uncontrolled

  16. INCITE: A randomised trial comparing constraint induced movement therapy and bimanual training in children with congenital hemiplegia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilmore Rose

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Congenital hemiplegia is the most common form of cerebral palsy (CP accounting for 1 in 1300 live births. These children have limitations in capacity to use the impaired upper limb and bimanual coordination deficits which impact on daily activities and participation in home, school and community life. There are currently two diverse intensive therapy approaches. Traditional therapy has adopted a bimanual approach (BIM training and recently, constraint induced movement therapy (CIMT has emerged as a promising unimanual approach. Uncertainty remains about the efficacy of these interventions and characteristics of best responders. This study aims to compare the efficacy of CIMT to BIM training to improve outcomes across the ICF for school children with congenital hemiplegia. Methods/Design A matched pairs randomised comparison design will be used with children matched by age, gender, side of hemiplegia and level of upper limb function. Based on power calculations a sample size of 52 children (26 matched pairs will be recruited. Children will be randomised within pairs to receive either CIMT or BIM training. Both interventions will use an intensive activity based day camp model, with groups receiving the same dosage of intervention delivered in the same environment (total 60 hours over 10 days. A novel circus theme will be used to enhance motivation. Groups will be compared at baseline, then at 3, 26 and 52 weeks following intervention. Severity of congenital hemiplegia will be classified according to brain structure (MRI and white matter fibre tracking, cortical excitability using Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS, functional use of the hand in everyday tasks (Manual Ability Classification System and Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS. Outcomes will address neurovascular changes (functional MRI, functional connectivity, and brain (reorganisation (TMS, body structure and function (range of motion, spasticity

  17. Palacio de los Deportes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Candela Outeriño, F.

    1968-11-01

    Full Text Available This building was specially built for the Mexico Olympic Games, and was the site for the basketball competition. But during the design stage it was foreseen that it could be later adapted to various other uses, such as boxing matches, ice skating displays, theatre, circus, shows, etc. It has 19.834 seats for spectators. Its circular planform has a 180 m diameter, and there are three levels of organisation. — on the lower level there is accommodation for the competitors, the press and the organisers of the Olympic Competitions; — the main level houses the entrance halls, the stairs, and access to the lower and middle spectator stands; — the top level has the washrooms for the public, the special stands and access to the middle and top stands. The outstanding feature of this sports palace is its general structure, which from the outset was regarded as the dominant element of the design, and also defined its plastic and spatial quality.Este edificio, construido para los Juegos Olímpicos de México, fue destinado a los juegos de baloncesto, pero al proyectarlo se previó que posteriormente pudiera servir para múltiples usos: celebración de combates de boxeo, espectáculos sobre hielo, teatro, circo, etc. Tiene capacidad para 19.824 espectadores sentados. Su planta es circular, con un diámetro total de 180 m, y está organizada en tres niveles: — en el nivel inferior se alojan: los servicios para deportistas, prensa y organización del Certamen Olímpico; —el nivel principal alberga: los vestíbulos, escaleras y accesos a gradería baja y media; — y en el nivel superior se distribuyen: los servicios para público, palcos y accesos a gradería media y alta. En este Palacio de los Deportes destaca su estructura general que fue considerada, desde la fase del proyecto, como el elemento dominante de la composición, y el determinante de su sentido plástico y espacial.

  18. How individual Montagu's Harriers cope with Moreau's Paradox during the Sahelian winter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlaich, Almut Ellinor; Klaassen, Raymond H G; Bouten, Willem; Bretagnolle, Vincent; Koks, Ben Johannes; Villers, Alexandre; Both, Christiaan

    2016-11-01

    Hundreds of millions of Afro-Palaearctic migrants winter in the Sahel, a semi-arid belt south of the Sahara desert, where they experience deteriorating ecological conditions during their overwintering stay and have to prepare for spring migration when conditions are worst. This well-known phenomenon was first described by R.E. Moreau and is known ever since as Moreau's Paradox. However, empirical evidence of the deteriorating seasonal ecological conditions is limited and little is known on how birds respond. Montagu's Harriers Circus pygargus spend 6 months of the year in their wintering areas in the Sahel. Within the wintering season, birds move gradually to the south, visiting several distinct sites to which they are site-faithful in consecutive years. At the last wintering site, birds find themselves at the southern edge of the Sahelian zone and have no other options than facing deteriorating conditions. We tracked 36 Montagu's Harriers with GPS trackers to study their habitat use and behaviour during winter and collected data on the abundance of their main prey, grasshoppers, in Senegal. Since grasshopper abundance was positively related to vegetation greenness (measured as normalized difference vegetation index, NDVI), we used NDVI values as a proxy for prey abundance in areas where no field data were collected. Prey abundance (grasshopper counts and vegetation greenness) at wintering sites of Montagu's Harriers decreased during the wintering period. Montagu's Harriers responded to decreasing food availability by increasing their flight time during the second half of the winter. Individuals increased flight time more in areas with stronger declines in NDVI values, suggesting that lower food abundance required more intense foraging to achieve energy requirements. The apparent consequence was that Montagu's Harriers departed later in spring when their final wintering site had lower NDVI values and presumably lower food abundance and consequently arrived later

  19. Role of the ventromedial nucleus of the thalamus in motor behaviour--I. Effects of focal injections of drugs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starr, M S; Summerhayes, M

    1983-12-01

    muscimol. Treating one ventromedial thalamus with muscimol greatly intensified any pre-existing posture directed towards that side, and vice versa. These data suggest that the ventromedial nucleus is not involved with the expression of stereotyped behaviours, but can profoundly influence posture and locomotion, especially in the presence of some other motor stimulus. The recovery of circus movements in rats with impaired ventromedial nucleus function implies this nucleus is not essential for the execution of circling in these models.

  20. The Innovation of the New Media Era to Strengthen the Propaganda and Ideological Work in Colleges and Universities%新媒体时代加强高校宣传思想工作的创新探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊玮

    2016-01-01

    新媒体具有传播速度快、互动性强以及覆盖面积广等显著的特点,对高校大学生宣传思想教育工作产生了深刻的影响,这些影响主要体现在大学生的生活方式、价值观念以及道德观念等方方面面。新媒体给高校的思想宣传工作带来了一场巨大的变革。新媒体已经成为最新的“角斗场”,为高校进行意识形态领域的思想教育提供了崭新的平台。文章概述了新媒体给高校思想宣传工作带来的深刻变革,探讨了在新媒体技术创新战略背景下高校宣传思想工作的创新方法。%New media has many remarkable characteristics such as the transmission speed, strong interactivity and covers. It has a profound influence on college students’propaganda thought education work in colleges and universities. These effects mainly reflect in college students' way of life, values and ethics and other aspects. The idea of the new media to the propaganda work has brought a huge change. New media has become the latest"circus"and provides a new platform for college ideological education in the field of ideology. The article provided a brief overview of the changes that the new media has brought to the ideological propa-ganda work, discussed innovation method of propaganda and ideological work in colleges and universities under the background of new media technology innovation strategy.

  1. Lead in hawks, falcons and owls downstream from a mining site on the Coeur D'Alene river, Idaho

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henny, C.J.; Blus, L.J.; Hoffman, D.J.; Grove, R.A.

    1994-01-01

    Mining and smelting at Kellogg-Smelterville, Idaho, resulted in high concentrations of lead in Coeur d'Alene (CDA) River sediments and the floodplain downstream, where American Kestrels (Falco sparverius), Northern Harriers (Circus cyaneus), Red-tailed Hawks (Buteo jamaicensis), Great Horned Owls (Bubo virginianus), and Western Screech-owls (Otus kennicotti) nested. Nestling American Kestrels contained significantly higher (P=0.0012) blood lead concentrations along the CDA River (0.24 ?g/g, wet wt) than the nearby reference area (0.087 ?g/g). A 35% inhibition of blood *-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) in nestling Northern Harriers (P=0.0001), 55% in nestling American Kestrels (P=0.0001) and 81% in adult American Kestrels (P=0.0004) provided additional evidence of lead exposure in the CDA River population. In nestling American Kestrels and Northern Harriers, ALAD activity was negatively correlated with lead in blood. An earlier report on Ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) showed slightly less inhibition of ALAD than in American Kestrels, but no significant reduction in hemoglobin or hematocrit and no negative influence on production rates. The adult and nestling American Kestrels along the CDA River contained about twice as much blood lead as Ospreys during the same years (adult 0.46 vs. 0.20 ?g/g, and nestling 0.24 vs. 0.09 ?g/g), but adults showed a 7.5% reduction in hemoglobin (P=0.0356) and nestlings an 8.2% reduction in hemoglobin (P=0.0353) and a 5.8% reduction in hematocrit (P=0.0482). We did not observe raptor deaths related to lead, and although the production rate for American Kestrels was slightly lower along the CDA River, we found no significant negative relation between productivity and lead. Limited data on the other raptors provide evidence of exposure to lead along the CDA River. Several traits of raptors apparently reduce their potential for accumulating critical levels of lead which is primarily stored in bones of prey species.

  2. The Peculiarities of Territorial Distribution and Abundance of Birds of Prey in Kharkiv Region, Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislav G. Viter

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the features of the spatial distribution and abundance of birds of prey in the Kharkov region, Ukraine. Investigations were carried out in 2003–2013 years. Totaly we found 1569 nest sites of Falconiformes. There are 29 species of raptors in avifauna of Kharkiv region. Nine of them are wintering species and 16 – nesting. The highest number of nest sites we found in agricultural landscapes – 677 pairs. However, population density here is low, and high number of nest sites can be explained by large extension of this type of habitat. Also significant populations of birds of prey inhabit forest-steppe areas of Central Russian Upland (East European Plain – 468 pairs, steppe areas of Central Russian Upland – at least 279 pairs (notable that the size of steppe areas are 4 times smaller then forest-steppe areas, and gully forests on the spurs of Donets Ridge – 205 pairs (the size of this habitat in Kharkiv region is no more than 3 000 km2. The other habitats includes highlands in the forest-steppe zone covered with oak forests – 431 pairs, and floodplain forests in the valley of river Siverskyi Donets – 148 pairs (with rather small area of this habitat. These last two habitats are refuge for local populations of Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennata and Honey Buzzard (Pernis apivorus because these areas held the most stable nest sites and the highest density of these two species. The same could be said about gully forests on the spurs of Donets Ridge. The estimate number of breeding pairs of Falconiformes in gully forests is around 290 pairs. In this study, we also assessed the total number of breeding Birds of Prey in Kharkiv region. Here are our estimates: Honey Buzzard – 142–156 pairs, Black Kite (Milvus migrans – 133–148 pairs, White-Tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla – 26–28 pairs, Montagu’s Harrier (Circus pygargus – 174–191, Marsh Harrier (C. aeruginosus – 344–359, Northern Goshawk

  3. Criaturas de la guerra. Memorias traumáticas de la guerra civil en el cine español contemporáneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Nicolás Meseguer

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available (se incluye en español y en inglés Este artículo aborda el estudio de un conjunto de películas de la primera década del siglo XXI que, con el trasfondo de la guerra civil y la posguerra, han construido relatos desde las coordenadas del cine fantástico y de terror. Estas películas que se distancian de la tradición del drama social y político, evidencian una forma distinta de mirar y sentir la historia española. Las películas a las que nos referimos son: El espinazo del diablo (2001 y El laberinto del fauno (2006, ambas de Guillermo del Toro; Balada triste de trompeta (2010, de Álex de la Iglesia; y El mar (2000 y Pa negre (2010, de Agustí Villaronga. En todas ellas hay un tema común: una infancia traumatizada por los desastres de la guerra. A través del presente artículo se analizarán estos relatos tomando como eje fundamental la presencia del concepto estético de «lo siniestro», auténtico motor ficcional  para el sustrato histórico de estos filmes. English title: «Children of the War. Traumatic memories of the Civil War on Spanish contemporary cinema» Keywords: Film aesthetics, Horror film, Uncanny, Spanish Civil War, Contemporary Spanish cinema Spanish Civil War films have traditionally been made according to the schemes of the political, social and historical drama. Over the last ten years, in addition to that dramatic tradition a new generation of movies has distanced itself from historical rigor, social and political reflections and the revision of the memory. This article looks at a group of contemporary fantasy and horror Spanish films: El mar / The Sea (2000 and Pa negre / Black Bread (2010, by Agustí Villaronga; El espinazo del Diablo I The Devil’s Backbone (2001 and El laberinto del fauno / Pan’s Labyrinth (2006, by the Mexican Guillermo del Toro; just as Alex de la Iglesia’s Balada triste de trompeta / The Last Circus (2010. All of them have a common topic: a childhood traumatized by the disasters of war

  4. Japan - UK Conference: Trends in Physics and Chemistry Education in Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-11-01

    always benefits from gaining a wider view. Whether this is a need to see a classroom other than your own, a school other than your own or a country other than your own, the result is the same: setting challenges and discussions in context and helping to provide a sense of perspective. What we had to give to the conference During the conference the British contingent reviewed the present state of science education in Britain, particularly giving information on the Institute of Physics 16-19 Initiative and National Curriculum consultation, concentrating rather more on the principles than the detail, which by nature was not immediately relevant to the audience. To this was added a research perspective on Children's Learning in Science, focusing on the importance of discussion and conversation in reaching understanding. The central day was dominated by workshops attempting to argue why we undertake some experimental work in physics education. Four possible purposes of practical work were identified and then demonstrated by a hands-on practical circus. An investigative practical, necessarily open-ended and probably empirically messy, possibly not yielding clean results. A clearly illustrative practical intended to readily allow observation and discussion of a phenomenon with the ability to alter appropriate parameters and stimulating discussion. Practical work intended to produce clear, reproducible, reliable results if good care is taken: the `can-do' aspect of physics giving pride in obtaining a result. The demonstration intended to stimulate teacher-led class discussion. The abiding memory of this practical circus was of its role as the ultimate international ice-breaker. Previously formal conference discussion became animated and language difficulties became less important as teachers engaged in the truly international business of playing with and becoming fascinated with practical apparatus. What we gained from the conference On the Saturday evening we were treated to

  5. Cirque du Monde en tant qu’intervention en santé

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fournier, Cynthia; Drouin, Mélodie-Anne; Marcoux, Jérémie; Garel, Patricia; Bochud, Emmanuel; Théberge, Julie; Aubertin, Patrice; Favreau, Gil; Fleet, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Présenter le programme Cirque du Monde du Cirque du Soleil et son potentiel en tant qu’intervention en soins de santé de première ligne pour les médecins de famille. Sources des données Une revue de la littérature menée dans les bases de données PubMed, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, La Presse, Eureka, Google Scholar et Érudit à l’aide des mots-clés circus, social circus, Cirque du Monde et Cirque du Soleil. Une initiative à Montréal nommée Espace Transition qui s’inspire directement de Cirque du Monde. Communication personnelle avec le conseiller principal en formation en cirque social du Cirque du Soleil. Sélection d’études Les 50 premiers articles ou sites Internet répertoriés pour chaque mot-clé dans chacune des bases de données ciblées ont été révisés sur la base des titres et des résumés, s’il s’agissait d’un article, ou sur la base du titre et du contenu de la page, s’il s’agissait d’une page Internet. Ensuite, les articles et les sites Internet qui étudiaient un aspect du cirque social ou qui présentaient une intervention impliquant le cirque étaient retenus pour une révision. Aucune contrainte d’année de publication n’a été appliquée étant donné qu’on cherchait une littérature générale sur le cirque social. Synthèse Aucun article n’a été trouvé sur le cirque social en tant qu’intervention en santé. Nous avons trouvé une étude sur l’utilisation du cirque en tant qu’intervention en milieu scolaire. Cette étude a démontré une augmentation de l’estime personnelle des enfants grâce à l’intervention. Nous avons trouvé une étude sur l’utilisation du cirque en tant qu’intervention sur une réserve amérindienne. Cette étude présente des résultats qualitatifs non spécifiques au programme du cirque social. Les autres articles répertoriés n’étaient que des descriptions du cirque social. Un site web concernant l’utilisation du cirque social pour

  6. Micromammiferi dei piani carsici di Colfiorito (Perugia - Macerata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Gaggi

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available È stata condotta la prima indagine qualitativa sulla microteriofauna del Parco Regionale di Colfiorito (PG e dell?intero sistema dei piani carsici, che si sviluppano tra 750 e 800 m. s.l.m. sullo spartiacque appenninico umbro-marchigiano centro- meridionale. L?area di studio si estende per 5651,27 ha con un?escursione altitudinale da 750 a 1440 m s.l.m., interessando la palude omonima e alcuni territori limitrofi. Si è indagato nelle seguenti categorie ambientali: palude (fascia esterna, prato umido e torbiera, pascolo, bosco di latifoglie e zone antropizzate. Tra giugno 2000 e maggio 2001 sono state effettuate 16 uscite (4 per stagione, utilizzando i seguenti metodi: a trappolamento incruento, con trappole ed esche di vario tipo e successivo rilascio dei selvatici catturati, per 616 notti trappola, 38 catture, 6 specie: Clethrionomys glareolus, Microtus savii, Apodemus flavicollis, A. sylvaticus, Rattus norvegicus e Mus domesticus; b raccolta di boli. La mancata reperibilità di siti di Barbagianni Tyto alba e di Allocco Strix aluco ha portato a recuperare ed analizzare 65 borre di Albanella reale Circus cyaneus e 13 di Albanella minore C. pygargus, con il contenuto di microroditori rispettivamente del 77,3% e del 10%. In entrambe le diete è apparsa interessante la presenza di crani riferibili a Microtus cfr. subterraneus. Il metodo ha fornito, contemporaneamente, nuove informazioni sull?alimentazione di queste albanelle in Italia; c ricerca di resti di pasto, nidi e tane, impronte, carcasse. Ha accertato le specie Erinaceus europaeus e Sciurus vulgaris oltre al genere Talpa; d ricerca bibliografica, museografica e fotografica. Ha accertato Sorex minutus, S. samniticus, Neomys fodiens, Glis glis,

  7. J. M. Coetzee’s unsettling portrayals of Elizabeth Costello = Os retratos vexatórios de J. M. Coetzee sobre Elizabeth Costello

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Giovannelli

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the vexed question of animal and human rights byfocusing on Coetzee’s ‘trilogy’ connected with Elizabeth Costello’s lecturing and experiencing, from her anti-Cartesian stances and sympathetic imagination advocated in The lives of animals, through the eight lessons which she frantically goes over and delivers like a ‘circus seal’, or even happens to be taught (in Elizabeth Costello, up to Slow man, where she turns into the waspish, vulpine ‘Costello woman’ preying on tortoise-like Paul Rayment. As such a debasing hybridization may already suggest, the committed intellectual shall lose track of her formerly heated debates on animals as ‘embodied souls’ and divinely created beings to be held in great respect, to enter a region of ethical ambivalence where biological and axiological boundaries are deviously blurred. Textual evidence andcommentaries on Coetzee’s fictional world and thematic concerns are provided to single out the stages of this unsettling metamorphosis, a process through which Costello wavers between Franciscan self-effacement and dictatorial omniscience. In the upshot, the striving after a recognition of animal dignity is seemingly supplanted by a debasement of the human person into a pet or a beast, as though she had lost herself in a labyrinth of fumbling speculation.O problema vexatório sobre os direitos dos animais e das pessoas é analisado pela trilogia de Coetzee, ou seja, a partir das conferências e das experiências de Elizabeth Costello, nas quais propõe sua posição anticartesiana e sua imaginação simpatética defendida em The lives of animals, versando sobre as oito aulas que ela ministra como ‘uma foca circense’ ou até quando é tutelada (em Elizabeth Costello, até Slow man, onde se transforma na ‘fêmeaCostello’, uma loba que age como predadora junto ao lento Paul Rayment. Como a hibridização acima mencionada pode sugerir, o intelectual pode se esquecer dos

  8. [Status of law-making on animal welfare].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polten, B

    2007-03-01

    Since the last report there have been major revisions of laws and ordinances. Deliberations on rules of Community law were also continued. On national level, the Act on the Shoeing of Horses amending the Animal Welfare Act and amendments of animal welfare provisions as well as the Deregulation Act were prepared, some of which have meanwhile entered into force. At legislative level, the work on the ratification laws for the Council of Europe conventions (Strasbourg) was concluded in order to enable Germany to adopt the revisions. They include (1) the European Convention for the protection of animals used for experimental purposes and (2) the European Convention for the protection of animals during international transport. At the level of ordinances, the amendment and extension of the Animal Welfare -Farm Animal Husbandry Ordinance are of vital importance for the sections on pig farming and laying hen husbandry. Another section refers to the husbandry of fur animals, on which an ordinance has been submitted to the Bundesrat (German upper house of Parliament). Deliberations on this issue have been adjourned. Drafts of a circus register were prepared to amend the Animal Welfare Act and to adopt a separate ordinance, and they are being discussed with the federal states and associations. Previously,the rules of Community law in the area of animal welfare were adopted as EC directives which the member states had to transfer in national law. This was done by incorporating them into national laws or ordinances, with non-compliance having to be sanctioned. It is the member states' responsibility to establish sanctions. Yet the Commission has introduced a directly operative animal welfare legislation by adopting EC Regulation 1/2005 on the protection of animals during transport. This means that a national implementation is not required. Nevertheless, the establishment of sanctions continues to be the responsibility of the member states. A special authorisation by the

  9. Spectro-imaging of M 82 at 3.3μm: evidence for dissociation of carriers in the starburst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Normand, P.; Rouan, D.; Lacombe, F.; Tiphene, D.

    1995-05-01

    We present subarcsecond infrared images in the 3.3μm PAH feature of M 82, the prototype of starburst galaxies. Observations were done using the Paris-Meudon Observatory CIRCUS IR Camera at the CFHT 3m60 telescope. The most interesting results derive from the map of line-to-continuum ratio (R=[3.3μm]/Cont) which exhibits very peculiar features: i) a strong anti-correlation, at large scale, with the continuum intensity, the line being practically lacking in the central lane where peaks the continuum emission, a clear indication of the destruction of the carrier of the line by some process associated to the starburst phenomenon; ii) the region where R is maximum is found essentially in an extended bow (540x240pc) south of the starburst region and coinciding tightly with the external part of the molecular disk traced by CO and HCN emission; iii) on smaller scales a rather complex and clumpy structure is found, both in the bow of enhanced R and at center, where almost total depletion of PAH (lowest value of R) is found in several bubbles, a few of them at location of strong radio SNR, and in a channel, north of the nucleus, that coincides rather precisely with the superwind direction. There is indication of two different regimes of depletion: a partial depletion and a quasi-complete depletion in the central lane around the nucleus. It is shown that the 3-4μm continuum emission cannot be explained by reddened starlight or by classical dust thermal emission, and is larger than predicted by models. The ratio R should give a fair estimate of the local 3.3μm line carrier abundance. Mechanisms of destruction and production of PAHs are investigated; in particular, we show that the two regimes of depletion may correspond to two different destructive processes: one, more efficient, that may correspond to electron bombardment in the SN dominated central region and one driven by UV photons in the molecular disk. For the later, we show that three competitive mechanisms are

  10. Digital relief 3D model of the Khibiny massive (Kola peninsula)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chesalova, Elena; Asavin, Alex

    2015-04-01

    at the bottom and at the edge of the valley. Changing these parameters for different climatic seasons allows us to estimate the duration of the existence of gas in homogeneities in the aerial under soil and up soil layers. Complex ring structure site and manifestations of recent tectonic movements allow it to allocate more closed areas with different plant-land cover and different geomorphological features. In particular stand out - bogs, forest area on the slopes and riparian forest zone, the zone of mountain tundra and rocky plateau. Designated areas should be considered together with the full history of the evolution relief Khibin, processes of decrease glaciers and their occurrence. One of the results of the work performed is the allocation within the array of closed circuses, paleo-ice landforms drumlin and moraine ridges. These landforms represent the latest stage of the glacial history of glaciation on the Kola Peninsula and the Arctic coast. Estimated areal characteristics of different forms. In some cases it was possible to separate a sequence of glacial relief forms, which suggests staging a retreat of glaciers in the area. The project highlighted areas open mining apatite ores in Khibiny massif. Career located in the inner part of the massif form a closed area drain mine water pollution and wind. While the new career located on the border of the array and the forest zone characterized by a single watershed and accordingly included in the ecological life support cycle of residential villages and towns of Kirovsk and Apatity. This fact forces us to view mining activity as a powerful source of contamination. Designed GIS project thus can be used to solve a number of problems geomorphological orientation. In addition a number of application issues - the environment, paleoclimatology, geotectonic can be successfully addressed on the basis of the digital 3D model.

  11. Mechanical-mathematical modeling for landslide process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svalova, V.

    2009-04-01

    500 m and displacement of a landslide in the plan over 1 m. Last serious activization of a landslide has taken place in 2002 with a motion on 53 cm. Catastrophic activization of the deep blockglide landslide in the area of Khoroshevo in Moscow took place in 2006-2007. A crack of 330 m long appeared in the old sliding circus, along which a new 220 m long creeping block was separated from the plateau and began sinking with a displaced surface of the plateau reaching to 12 m. Such activization of the landslide process was not observed in Moscow since mid XIX century. The sliding area of Khoroshevo was stable during long time without manifestations of activity. Revealing of the reasons of deformation and development of ways of protection from deep landslide motions is extremely actual and difficult problem which decision is necessary for preservation of valuable historical monuments and modern city constructions. The reasons of activization and protective measures are discussed. Structure of monitoring system for urban territories is elaborated. Mechanical-mathematical model of high viscous fluid was used for modeling of matter behavior on landslide slopes. Equation of continuity and an approximated equation of the Navier-Stockes for slow motions in a thin layer were used. The results of modelling give possibility to define the place of highest velocity on landslide surface, which could be the best place for monitoring post position. Model can be used for calibration of monitoring equipment and gives possibility to investigate some fundamental aspects of matter movement on landslide slope.

  12. Ecological study of a wetland in Vercelli area. Bird community of 'palude di San Genuario' (Crescentino-Fontanetto Po); Studio ecologico di una zona umida del Vercellese. La comunita' ornitica della palude di S. Genuario (Crescentino-Fontanetto Po)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cellerino, A.; Rossi, G.L. [ENEA, Divisione Protezione dell' Uomo e degli Ecosistemi, Centro Ricerche Saluggia, Vercelli (Italy)

    2001-07-01

    The Palude di San Genuario, that includes an artificial wetland zone, has been declared a Community importance site according to Directive CEE n. 92/43 (Habitat), because of the rare bird species living in (as Botarus stellaris, Ardea purpurea, Circus aeruginosus). This research has the aim to improve the knowledge about natural characteristics, the ornithological community and the conservation degree of the area. The study has been carried out by the Sezione Componente Biotica dell'Ecosistema of the ENEA Research Center of Saluggia during 1996, 1997, 1998. It has been possible to describe the ornithological wintering and reproductive community, defining it in terms of diversity by the application of indices (Shannon-Weaver, Berger-Parker, Pielou, Simpson). Besides, the community has been analyzed by the calculation of the curves of relative abundance distribution verifying the consistency in respect to four theoretic models. Using Brichetti and Gariboldi's system of evaluation for the nesting species (based on italian species) and verifying the species considered by the Red List of italian birds, by the work of Tucker and Heath concerning the european species of conservation interest (1994) and by International Convention (Berna and Bonn) as well as European Directives (Birds Directive), it has been possible to point out that the most interesting species belong to wetlands habitats. In accordance with these results, some managerial hypothesis have been elaborated in order to preserve the area. [Italian] La palude di S. Genuario, che racchiude una zona umida di origine artificiale, e' stata individuata come sito di Importanza Comunitaria, ai sensi della Direttiva CEE n. 92/43 ({sup H}abitat{sup )}, per le specie avifaunistiche rare che ospita (Tarabuso, Airone rosso, Falco di palude). Questo studio ha lo scopo di costituire uno strumento conoscitivo riguardante le caratteristiche naturali, i popolamenti ornitici e lo stato di conservazione del sito

  13. L'aportació dels metges de Lleida a l'educació física catalana del segle XIX La aportación de los médicos de Lérida a la educación física catalana del siglo XIX The contribution of Lérida doctors to catalan physical education in the XIX century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Torrebadella Flix

    2013-04-01

    convirtieron en un referente para propagar los conocimientos y desarrollo de la educación física y los ejercicios gimnásticos. Estas aportaciones se inician a partir de la segunda mitad del siglo XIX con las principales manifestaciones profesionales y académicas de Luis Roca, Tomás Casals, Carlos Amat o Martina Castells. El impacto institucional y social en el ejercicio de la profesión de estos y otros médicos dio la vuelta a la percepción popular que se tenía en Lérida acerca de los ejercicios gimnásticos, con frecuencia considerados unas actividades arriesgadas propias de los de acróbatas de circo o bajo la influencia militar. Las intervenciones propagandísticas de estos médicos se convirtieron en los primeros referentes en la institucionalización oficial de la educación física escolar y pública de Lérida.In the first half of the 19th century in Lérida, (Spain doctors began to play a key role in the dissemination of knowledge and the development of physical education and gymnastic exercises. The first contributions were made through the main professional and academic results of Luis Roca, Tomás Casals, Carlos Amat and Martina Castells. The institutional and social impact of the work of these and other doctors changed the popular perception of gymnastic exercises in Lleida (Spain at the time, which were frequently considered risky activities carried out by circus acrobats or under military influence. The dissemination activities of these doctors became the first points of reference in the official institutionalization of school and public physical education in Lleida.

  14. Dos obras de Welton Becket (EE. UU.

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    Becket, Welton

    1974-02-01

    Full Text Available Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum. It is oval in shape and can house sports competitions and gymnastic events, musical productions, circuses and it can be used to show films as well as for expositions, meetings and conventions. From the plaza, entrance is achieved through a mirrored gallery circumscribing the building and that communicates with the interior corridor that sorrounds the court. It holds more than 11,000 people and there are telescopic platforms that unfold at court-level and portable chairs that increase this capacity to a total of 16,500. The building is covered by a steel frame, limited on the outside by a wide metallic cantilever. The whole system is supported by 32 large concrete columns, in U shape, that show on the exterior facade. The Coliseum has theatrical lighting and sound installations which adapt it to each of the different types of events the building can be used for. Under the adjacent plaza a large underground exhibition hall has been set up to serve the Coliseum. More than 5,000 m2 in area, this space can be subdivided by folding panels as needed. Bullock’s Shopping Center in Northridge. The main feature of this large department store is that it has been treated entirely as a stage for the various goods that are on display there. Moreover, its design has broken with the traditional box shape typical of this type of building, replacing it with a polyhedral volume for a more dynamic effect. Great importance has been given in this building to architectonic spaces as well as the lighting system and the decor. Thus, the different areas are given more or less importance by means of the various lighting effects, while the decoration and architectonic forms differentiate and limit the various display areas. A system of ornaments and mobile partitions gives the unit great flexibility thus permitting modifications as per the needs of each particular moment.Coliseo en memoria de los veteranos de Nassau. Es de forma oval, y

  15. Cons ICARUS, TIGER and Fascism

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    Janez Vrečko

    2010-12-01

    man, Prometheus. Both Icarus and Prometheus liberate man, each in his own way.  “Cons Icarus” is marked by ascent. There is no mention of the fall, as there was none in the poem “A Heart in Alcohol”, where the point is in transcending the given, in “thoughts beyond”, quite apart from its being also a geographical definition of the ʻenslaved’ Julian March, its ʻtranscending’ the oppression of Fascism. Icarus offers the Slovenians a chance to rise at last. After the Treaty of Rapallo, the Slovenians, especially those in central Slovenia, calmly looked on as the Slovenian National Centre in Trieste burned down in 1920, and the printing house Edinost in 1925. Many Primorska intellectuals went into exile to the then Yugoslavia, while the language was completely banned from public use. The people of Primorska became complete “prisoners” (see 2.133 on their own turf. In addition to everything described above, the background of “Cons Icarus” includes the philosophy of Slovenianhood fostered by the Slovenian Icarus, Klement Jug – his struggle to raise the awareness of his nation, to change it from a “sheepish” nation into an upright one, filled with willpower and strength. The moral uprightness of the nation is associated here with the anti-gravity, atectonic perpendicular that enabled Icarus to conquer the earth’s gravity, “the shackles on his hands” (Int. 119. “Cons Icarus”, then, belongs among those of Kosovel’s poems which are critical of the unfair international politics. In defining the tragic position of the Primorska people, Kosovel used a concept typical of him, ʻnihilomelancholy’, which suggests that we cannot rid ourselves of nihilism until we have healed our melancholy.  In the same way, “Cons (Tiger” never happened in a circus: it happened on the occupied territory among the Primorska Slovenians, where the dream about the unity of all Slovenians clashed against the cruellest Fascist reality possible. This was

  16. Vegan and vegetarianism as a life styleYaşam tarzı olarak vegan ve vejetaryenlik

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    Güzin Yasemin Tunçay Son

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Vegan and vegetarianism that becomes an increasing trend day by day is a life style and a life philosophy and a bioethical approach. The reason of choosing for being a vegan/ vegetarian differs according to people’s preferences. These may be; respecting for a living things’ life, taking an ethical position against exploitation of animals, reducing ecological damage, being healthy and religious purposes. Most people believe that the nature and animals just exist for the sake of them. Accordingly, people use and consume them with impunity. Human exploits animals to use them for different kinds of purposes he wishes. While some of them are cared and fed at home (like cats, dogs some of them are raised at farms for eating or to benefit from their products such as eggs and milk. There are also some other animals to be used for entertaining purposes in circuses or camel wrestling and bull fighting. There are also animals used for their abilities. A police dog can be given as an example. Police dogs are used for their powerful sense of smell that people have not. There have been some traditional practices that include some animals. Other two examples are turkeys being eaten at thanksgiving day and a ram decorated at the Festival of Sacrifice and sent to the fiancée‘s home. On the one hand it is observed that consuming meat of an animal has different meanings in terms of gender considerations. For example, eating meat is viewed as masculine behavior while eating vegetables is feminine. In addition, meat at advertisements is generally symbolized as a woman. These kinds of behaviors, attitudes, beliefs affect development of veganism/ vegetarianism positively or negatively. In this paper, veganism/vegetarianism is described as a life style. Özet Gün geçtikçe sayılarında artış olan vegan ve vejetaryenlik, bir yaşam tarzı, bir hayat felsefesi ve biyoetik bir yaklaşımdır. İnsanların vegan/vejetaryenliği seçme nedenleri farklılık g