WorldWideScience

Sample records for circuses

  1. Super Signing Circus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horten, Lori Beaumont; Katz-Kaseff, Miriam

    1991-01-01

    A school for deaf and hard-of-hearing preschoolers organized and presented a circus, with the objectives of improving reading and writing skills, interaction and cooperation, math and science readiness, fine and gross motor skills, and self-esteem. The students performed as lion tamers, lions, tumblers, weight lifters, and clowns. (JDD)

  2. Welfare of sea lions in travelling circuses

    OpenAIRE

    Hopster, H.; Jong, de, T.

    2014-01-01

    Dit rapport geeft een overzicht van de wetenschappelijke literatuur en opinies van deskundigen over het welzijn van zeeleeuwen in reizende circussen. Dit als basis voor beleidsontwikkeling.This report describes the scientific literature and expert views concerning the welfare of sea lions in travelling circuses with respect to Dutch animal welfare policy making.

  3. [Keeping of horses in circus and show businesses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollmann, U

    2002-03-01

    The conditions under which horses are kept and the performance of acts in the circus ring may give rise to animal protection-relevant aspects for circus and show horses. A number of intolerable conditions under which horses are kept and procedures adopted for the work with circus and show horses are described. In addition, attention is drawn to monitoring methods capable of exposing the deplorable shortcomings of these businesses.

  4. [Keeping of elephants in the zoo and circus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rietschel, W

    2002-03-01

    There is a decrease in the number of elephants kept in European zoological gardens and circus companies. In the future the import of animals will only be possible for holders which are able to keep family-groups of elephants under species-specific conditions. This will not be possible under circus conditions. This article will describe some problems observed in elephant holdings in zoological gardens and circus companies.

  5. The Physics Force presents The Physics Circus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahlberg, E. Dan

    2015-03-01

    The Physics Force of the University of Minnesota is an outreach program developed with the goal to show students and the public Science is Fun, Science is Interesting, and Science is Understandable. The program grew from a rather small effort by three high school physics teachers and two University of Minnesota staff members. In the almost three decades since its humble beginnings of 100 attendees in a year, it has grown to an average attendance of over 36,000 annually. In the last three years alone, about 110,000 Minnesotans have seen a performance of The Physics Circus which is roughly 2% of the population of the state. In addition to the performances in Minnesota, The Force performed two years at Disney's Epcot Center, was featured on Newton's Apple, and made appearances on the very successful German TV science show, the Knoff-Hoff Show. I will begin the talk with some of our motivation to develop The Physics Force arising from the current ``scientific state'' of our society and then provide more information on The Force including both some history and examples taken from our Physics Circus.

  6. The New Performance Magic Horse Show by Sichuan Circus Appearing in Chengdu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马洁

    2007-01-01

    After years of hard working and coordinated with acrobatic and circus experts, Sichuan Circus created an excellent modern Magic Horse Show. Besides acrobatics, magic, comedy and singing and dancing, Magic Horse

  7. Circus, software for computation of flow induced vibrations in piping system. General purpose

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper is a presentation of the code CIRCUS version 2. CIRCUS deals with the hydraulic, acoustic and vibratory behaviour of piping systems under acoustic loads. CIRCUS first computes permanent mean-flow, and associated acoustic loads. It then determines the acoustic and vibration response along the piping system. The CIRCUS software is used at EDF to check the design of piping system and to investigate solutions in case of damage or troubleshooting. (author)

  8. [The introduction of paddocks in circus elephant husbandry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmid, J; Zeeb, K

    1994-02-01

    The guidelines for the keeping, the education and the using of animals in circuses and similar institutions, which are made in connection with the law for prevention of cruelty to animals, claim to keep elephants daily one hour unshackled in the group in a paddock. This paper deals with the effect of the paddock to the social, the play, and the comfort behaviour, and the stereotyped movements of circus elephants. Basically for the behaviour of kept elephants are results of observations in nature. A pilot study with 29 elephants in four circuses showed that the paddock enabled the elephants to carry out social and comfort behaviour more frequently than in the shackled keeping. The stereotyped movements were nearly absent by keeping the elephants in the paddock. If they keep shackled, this behaviour anomaly will take up much time.

  9. Morphology of Blastocystis sp. isolated from circus animals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stenzel, D J; Cassidy, M F; Boreham, P F

    1993-08-01

    Blastocystis sp. is reported for the first time from faecal samples collected from a camel, a llama, a highland bull and a lion in a travelling circus. Fresh faecal specimens were examined by light and electron microscopy, and vacuolar and cyst forms of similar morphology were present in all three ungulates. These cells were smaller than cultured vacuolar cells of Blastocystis hominis isolated from humans and contained only a single vacuole in comparison to the multivacuolar cell found in fresh human faeces. The taxonomic relationship of Blastocystis isolated from humans and ungulates remains to be determined. The number of parasites present in the lion sample was too small to make valid comparisons.

  10. Digitaalinen asiakaskokemus sirkusalan toimijalle. Tapaus Circus Uusi Maailma.

    OpenAIRE

    Manninen, Kadja

    2014-01-01

    Tämä opinnäytetyö on tapaustutkimus, jonka tavoitteena on selvittää miten nykysirkusryhmän digitaalista asiakaskokemusta voidaan kehittää niin, että sillä olisi suora merkitys kansainvälistymisen edistämiseen. Toisin sanoen, miten digitaalisesta asiakaskokemuksesta saadaan houkuttelevampi kansainvälisille ostajille, tässä tapauksessa ulkomaisille promoottoreille ja agenteille. Työn tilaajana toimi jyväskyläläinen, vuonna 2006 perustettu Circus Uusi Maailma, joka koostuu eri alojen ammattitait...

  11. PHOTOTROPIC CIRCUS MOVEMENTS OF LIMAX AS AFFECTED BY TEMPERATURE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crozier, W J; Federighi, H

    1924-09-20

    1. The theory of animal phototropism requires for particular instances a knowledge of the action of light as exerted through each of two bilaterally located receptors functioning singly. The measurement of "circus movements" which this involves must be concerned with such aspects of the reaction as are demonstrably dependent upon the effect of light. 2. The negatively phototropic slug Limax maximus exhibits very definite and continuous circus movement under vertical illumination when one eye-tentacle has been removed. The amplitude of the circling movement, measured in degrees deflection per cm. of path as an index of maintained differential tonus, is intimately related to the concurrent velocity of creeping. Analysis of the orienting mechanism is facilitated by the fact that in gasteropods such as Limax the animal creeps by means of the pedal organ, but orients (turns) by a totally distinct set of muscles in the dorsal and lateral regions of the body wall. 3. The expression of the phototropic orienting tendency, with illumination constant, is greatly influenced by the temperature. Above a zone centering at 15 degrees , the amplitude of turning (degrees per cm. of path) is determined by the temperature in accurate agreement with Arrhenius' equation for chemical reaction velocity, with the critical increment micro = 16,820; and the rate of creeping is progressively less as the temperature rises, micro for its reciprocal being 10,900. Below 15 degrees , the velocity of creeping becomes less the the lower the temperature, micro being again 16,800; while the amplitude of orientation is limited merely by the velocity of creeping, its reciprocal being directly proportional thereto. 4. Measurements of Limax circus movements in terms of turning deflection as function of light intensity must therefore be carried out at a temperature well above 15 degrees . 5. The analysis provides a gross physical model of how an end-result may be influenced by temperature according to the

  12. Out-of-phase flashing induced instabilities in CIRCUS facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text of publication follows: Flashing-induced instabilities are very important during the startup phase of natural-circulation boiling water reactors. To study this type of instability an axial fully scaled facility named CIRCUS was constructed. Experiments at low power and low pressure (typical startup conditions) are carried out on this steam/water natural circulation loop with two parallel risers. A detailed measurement of the void-fraction profile is possible by using needle-probes and the use of glass tubes for the riser and core sections allow to use optical techniques for velocity measurements. The flashing and the mechanism of flashing-induced instabilities are analyzed paying special attention on the strong coupling effect between the two riser channels. It is clear from the experiments that the out-of-phase instability is much more susceptible to occur than the in-phase instability in a system with two parallel risers. The instability region is found as soon as the operational boundary between single-phase and two-phase operation is crossed. The relation between the period of the oscillations and the fluid transient time is also investigated. The stability map constructed using this experimental data is also discussed. (authors)

  13. [Keeping of bears and big cats in the zoo and circus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rietschel, W

    2002-03-01

    The exhibition of bears and big cats in zoo and circus causes regular criticism, justified and unjustified, by people engaged in the prevention of cruelty to animals. Main points of critique are holding conditions, feeding and health status of the animals. The official veterinarian involved in the supervision often needs the cooperation of a specialised zoo veterinarian. In most cases the clinical examination of bears and big cats requires an immobilisation. This article will enter into some of the most common holding problems and diseases of big carnivores in zoo and circus.

  14. 新疆鸟类新纪录——白腹鹞(Circus spilonotus)%Eastern Marsh Harrier Circus spilonotus, a new record of bird from Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王音明; 刘枫; 马鸣; 张国强; 苟军; 文翠华

    2015-01-01

    白腹鹞(Circus spilonotus)又叫东方泽鸳,在阿勒泰地区布尔津县(47°46′N,86°49′E)有多次记录,现确定为新疆新纪录种(或亚种).但是,在2015年5~7月繁殖期观察,发现它可能与雌性白头鹞(Circus aeruginosus)杂交.两者无论是在形态与行为,还是在地理分布隔离方面,都存在疑团,其分类地位值得商榷.

  15. CIRCUS--A digital computer program for transient analysis of electronic circuits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, W. T.; Steinbert, L. L.

    1968-01-01

    Computer program simulates the time domain response of an electronic circuit to an arbitrary forcing function. CIRCUS uses a charge-control parameter model to represent each semiconductor device. Given the primary photocurrent, the transient behavior of a circuit in a radiation environment is determined.

  16. Loop migration in adult marsh harriers Circus aeruginosus, as revealed by satellite telemetry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    H. G. Klaassen, Raymond; Strandberg, Roine; Hake, Mikael;

    2010-01-01

    level, for example by analysing ring recoveries. Here we study loop migration of individual marsh harriersCircus aeruginosus tracked by satellite telemetry. We show that despite a generally narrow migration corridor the harriers travelled in a distinct clockwise loop through Africa and southern Europe...

  17. Energy requirements for growth in relation to sexual size dimorphism in marsh harrier Circus aeruginosus nestlings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krijgsveld, KL; Dijkstra, C; Visser, GH; Daan, S

    1998-01-01

    Food consumption was measured in six female and seven male hand-raised marsh harrier (Circus aeruginosus) nestlings. Females consumed on average 4,321 g and males consumed 3,571 g of food during the nestling stage from 0 to 36 d. Total consumption until 56 d was 6,960 g and 5,822 g for females and m

  18. Do voles make agricultural habitat attractive to Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koks, Ben J.; Trierweiler, Christiane; Visser, Erik G.; Dijkstra, Cor; Komdeur, Jan

    2007-01-01

    Loss and degradation of habitat threatens many bird populations. Recent rural land-use changes in the Netherlands have led to a shift in habitat use by breeding Montagu's Harriers Circus pygargus. Since the 1990s, unprecedented numbers of this species have bred in farmland compared with numbers in n

  19. Do voles make agricultural habitat attractive to Montagu’s Harrier Circus pygargus?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koks, Ben J.; Trierweiler, Christiane; Visser, Erik G.; Dijkstra, Cor; Komdeur, Jan

    2007-01-01

    Loss and degradation of habitat threatens many bird populations. Recent rural land-use changes in the Netherlands have led to a shift in habitat use by breeding Montagu’s Harriers Circus pygargus. Since the 1990s, unprecedented numbers of this species have bred in farmland compared with numbers in n

  20. From CIRCUS to EL CIRCO: Issues in Instrument Development for Young Spanish-speaking Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardy, Roy

    The CIRCO project is a large scale effort to design a series of diagnostic instruments, based on the CIRCUS tests, for Spanish-speaking children in preschool, kindergarten, and first grade classrooms in the United States. The goal is to develop measures with the following characteristics: (1) is suitable for use with Spanish-speaking children from…

  1. The role of zoos in the rehabilitation of animals in the circus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Brij Kishor; Chakraborty, Bipul

    2005-01-01

    In 1998, the government of India enforced a ban on performance/exhibition of 5 species of nonhuman animals: (a) lions, (b) tigers, (c) leopards, (d) bears, and (e) monkeys. The Ministry of Environment and Forests gave the responsibility to the Central Zoo Authority (CZA) for rehabilitation of these animals. Between 1999 and 2001, the CZA created rescue centers for rehabilitation of lions and tigers in the off-display areas of 5 zoos: (a) Bangalore, (b) Chennai, (c) Vishakhapatnam, (d) Tirupathi, and (e) Jaipur. Today, the CZA has rehabilitated 314 lions and tigers from circuses. The CZA has been meeting the expenses toward maintenance (feeding of and providing health care for) of the animals, outsourcing of staff, and maintaining enclosures. This article focuses on the mammoth work that the selected zoos had to carry out in rehabilitating the lions and tigers from the circuses.

  2. Effect of Regular Circus Physical Exercises on Lymphocytes in Overweight Children

    OpenAIRE

    Cesar Miguel Momesso dos Santos; Fábio Takeo Sato; Maria Fernanda Cury-Boaventura; Silvia Helena Guirado-Rodrigues; Kim Guimaraes Caçula; Cristiane Cassoni Gonçalves Santos; Elaine Hatanaka; Heloisa Helena de Oliveira; Vinicius Coneglian Santos; Gilson Murata; Cristina Neves Borges-Silva; Sandro Massao Hirabara; Tania Cristina Pithon-Curi; Renata Gorjão

    2015-01-01

    Obesity associated with a sedentary lifestyle can lead to changes in the immune system balance resulting in the development of inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to compare lymphocyte activation mechanisms between overweight children practicing regular circus physical exercises with non-exercised children. The study comprised 60 pubescent children randomly divided into 4 groups: Overweight Children (OWC) (10.67 ± 0.22 years old), Overweight Exercised Children (OWE) (10.00 ± 0.41...

  3. Human cowpox virus infection acquired from a circus elephant in Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemmer, Christoph J; Littmann, Martina; Löbermann, Micha; Meyer, Hermann; Petschaelis, Angelika; Reisinger, Emil C

    2010-09-01

    A 40-year-old Asian circus elephant developed mouth and trunk ulcers. Three weeks later, her 19-year-old animal warden noticed a vesicle on his forearm, evolving into a scab. Identical cowpox strains were isolated from lesions of the elephant and the warden. Cowpox virus could no longer be isolated after the scab disappeared, but PCR still revealed orthopox DNA. Healing was complete seven weeks later, leaving a 1 cm scar.

  4. Investigation of flashing-induced instabilities at the CIRCUS test facility using the code ATHLET

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The CIRCUS test facility (Circulation during startup) has been built to study the start-up phase of a natural-circulation BWR. During the start-up so called flashing-induced instabilities can arise. These instabilities are induced by flashing, due to steam production in the long adiabatic riser section, which is placed above the core to enhance the flow rate. Flashing occurring in the riser causes an unbalance between driving force and pressure losses in the natural-circulation loop, giving rise to flow oscillations. Within the European-Union 5th Framework Programme, a project, NACUSP, has been started in December 2000, having as one of its main aims the understanding of the physics of the phenomena involved during the start-up phase of natural-circulation-cooled BWRs, providing a large experimental database and validating state-of-the-art thermalhydraulic codes in the low-pressure, low-power operational region of these reactors. One part of this project deals with the modeling of selected CIRCUS tests using the thermo-hydraulic code ATHLET. This paper gives an overview about experimental results and the physics of the instabilities. ATHLET is used to investigate the dynamic behavior of the CIRCUS test facility and the results of the calculations are compared with the experimental data

  5. Razzle Dazzle Reading Circus: A Bibliography of Books in Recorded and Braille Formats for Young Readers from Preschool through Junior High. Silver Summer Scrapbook--Summer Library Program, 1993.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumner, Mary Ann, Comp.

    This annotated bibliography comprises an alphabetical listing of 34 books on circuses available in special formats. The list has books about true circus stories; make believe stories; and circus animals. The reading levels of the books range from preschool through junior high school. Formats included in the bibliography are cassette books; braille…

  6. CIRCO Y POLÍTICA CULTURAL EN BUENOS AIRES / Circus and cultural policies in Buenos Aires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Infantino

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo propongo analizar el lanzamiento de una política cultural de fomento  para las artes del circo en la ciudad de Buenos Aires, iniciada en 2009 a través del I Festival Internacional de Circo de Buenos Aires. A partir del estudio de la formulación e implementación de la política pública, presentaré algunas de las controversias que se desataron ante la intervención estatal en el campo artístico circense local en relación a ciertos conceptos clave: qué se entiende por políticas culturales, por democratización/popularización de la cultura y acerca del rol atribuido al Estado en dicha área. A través del análisis propuesto pretendo problematizar el entramado de diversos y desiguales agentes involucrados en el campo de las políticas (culturales.   Así, propongo analizar los discursos oficiales que inspiraron la creación de la política en estudio y los rechazos y negociaciones que generó la implementación de esta nueva modalidad de intervención pública en el ámbito cultural circense.  Abstract  In this paper I propose to analyze the release of a cultural policy to promote circus arts in the city of Buenos Aires, started in 2009 through the First Buenos Aires International Circus Festival. Through the analysis of the formulation and implementation of the public policy, I will present some of the controversies that emerged from state intervention in the local circus art field in relation to certain key concepts: what is meant by cultural policies, by democratization / popularization of culture and about the role attributed to the State in this area. Through the analysis proposed I intend to problematize the diverse and unequal actors involved in the field of (cultural policies. Thus, I intend to analyze the official speeches that inspired the creation of the policy under study and the rejections and negotiation generated by the implementation of this new way of public intervention in the circus cultural field. 

  7. Testing a novel agri-environment scheme based on the ecology of the target species, Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.E. Schlaich; R.H.G. Klaassen; W. Bouten; C. Both; B.J. Koks

    2015-01-01

    Farmland birds are in steep decline and agri-environment schemes (AES) to counteract these biodiversity losses are expensive and inefficient. Here we test a novel AES, ‘Birdfields’, designed using detailed ecological knowledge of the target species, Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus. Current AES, su

  8. Testing a novel agri-environment scheme based on the ecology of the target species, Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schlaich, Almut E.; Klaassen, Raymond H. G.; Bouten, Willem; Both, Christiaan; Koks, Ben J.

    2015-01-01

    Farmland birds are in steep decline and agri-environment schemes (AES) to counteract these biodiversity losses are expensive and inefficient. Here we test a novel AES, Birdfields', designed using detailed ecological knowledge of the target species, Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus. Current AES, suc

  9. Loop migration in adult marsh harriers Circus aeruginosus,as revealed by satellite telemetry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    H. G. Klaassen, Raymond; Strandberg, Roine; Hake, Mikael;

    2010-01-01

    Loop migration among birds is characterized by the spring route lying consistently west or east of the autumn route. The existence of loops has been explained by general wind conditions or seasonal differences in habitat distribution. Loop migration has predominantly been studied at the population...... level, for example by analysing ring recoveries. Here we study loop migration of individual marsh harriersCircus aeruginosus tracked by satellite telemetry. We show that despite a generally narrow migration corridor the harriers travelled in a distinct clockwise loop through Africa and southern Europe...... the eastern route. Observed routes did thus not coincide with seasonal variation in habitat availability. However, favourable habitat might be more important during spring migration, when the crossing of the Sahara seems more challenging, and thus habitat availability might play an indirect role...

  10. Functional reentry and circus movement arrhythmias in the small intestine of normal and diabetic rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lammers, Wim J E P; Stephen, B; Karam, S M

    2012-04-01

    In a few recent studies, the presence of arrhythmias based on reentry and circus movement of the slow wave have been shown to occur in normal and diseased stomachs. To date, however, reentry has not been demonstrated before in any other part of the gastrointestinal system. No animals had to be killed for this study. Use was made of materials obtained during the course of another study in which 11 rats were treated with streptozotocin and housed with age-matched controls. After 3 and 7 mo, segments of duodenum, jejunum, and ileum were isolated and positioned in a tissue bath. Slow wave propagation was recorded with 121 extracellular electrodes. After the experiment, the propagation of the slow waves was reconstructed. In 10 of a total of 66 intestinal segments (15%), a circus movement of the slow wave was detected. These reentries were seen in control (n = 2) as well as in 3-mo (n = 2) and 7-mo (n = 6) diabetic rats. Local conduction velocities and beat-to-beat intervals during the reentries were measured (0.42 ± 0.15 and 3.03 ± 0.67 cm/s, respectively) leading to a wavelength of 1.3 ± 0.5 cm and a circuit diameter of 4.1 ± 1.5 mm. This is the first demonstration of a reentrant arrhythmia in the small intestine of control and diabetic rats. Calculations of the size of the circuits indicate that they are small enough to fit inside the intestinal wall. Extrapolation based on measured velocities and rates indicate that reentrant arrhythmias are also possible in the distal small intestine of larger animals including humans.

  11. The Most Resilient Show on Earth: The Circus as a Model for Viewing Identity, Change, and Chaos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip A. Loring

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Resilience, adaptability, and transformability are all tightly linked to the notion of change, whether in respect to coping with, adapting to, or harnessing it. But in order to understand these forces of change, we first need to recognize its counterpart: identity. Identity of a social-ecological system is not merely a static set of quantifiable feedbacks or indicators, but a more qualitative characterization of what results from the overlap of the social and the ecological. To fully articulate these ideas, I turn to a unique and enduring phenomenon: the traveling circus. Through the many forms they have taken over the last 150 yr, circuses have changed significantly while sustaining a singular identity. As a successful and enduring social system, their intriguing history exposes the nuances of sustainability theory, from resilience to pathologies, and illustrates that sustainability requires a complex dynamic between identity, tradition, and change.

  12. An investigation of the emotions elicited by hospital clowns in comparison to circus clowns and nursing staff

    OpenAIRE

    Auerbach, Sarah; Hofmann, Jennifer; Platt, Tracey; Ruch, Willibald

    2013-01-01

    The present research aims at identifying emotional states induced in observers of hospital clown interventions utilizing a list of clown-specific ratings, the 29 Clown Emotion List (CLEM-29, Auerbach et al. 2012a). Study 1 investigated whether hospital clowns elicit emotional states other than those already covered by scales representing existing models of emotional states. One hundred and nineteen adults watched videos of hospital clowns and circus clowns and, after each video, completed a g...

  13. Effect of regular circus physical exercises on lymphocytes in overweight children.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cesar Miguel Momesso dos Santos

    Full Text Available Obesity associated with a sedentary lifestyle can lead to changes in the immune system balance resulting in the development of inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to compare lymphocyte activation mechanisms between overweight children practicing regular circus physical exercises with non-exercised children. The study comprised 60 pubescent children randomly divided into 4 groups: Overweight Children (OWC (10.67 ± 0.22 years old, Overweight Exercised Children (OWE (10.00 ± 0.41 years old, Eutrophic Children (EC (11.00 ± 0.29 years old and Eutrophic Exercised Children (EE (10.60 ± 0.29 years old. OWE and EE groups practiced circus activities twice a week, for 4.3 ± 0.5 and 4.4 ± 0.5 months, respectively. Percentage of T regulatory cells (Treg and the expression of CD95 and CD25 in CD4+ lymphocytes were evaluated by flow cytometry. Lymphocyte proliferation capacity was measured by [14C]-thymidine incorporation and mRNA expression of IL-35, TGF-beta, IL-2 and IL-10 by real-time PCR. Lymphocyte proliferation was higher in OWC and OWE groups compared with the EC (3509 ± 887; 2694 ± 560, and 1768 ± 208 cpm, respectively and EE (2313 ± 111 cpm groups. CD95 expression on lymphocytes was augmented in the EC (953.9 ± 101.2 and EE groups (736.7 ± 194.6 compared with the OWC (522.1 ± 125.2 and OWE groups (551.6 ± 144.5. CTLA-4 expression was also lower in the OWC and OWE groups compared with the EC and EE groups. Percentage of Treg, IL-35, and IL-10 mRNA expression were lower in the OWC and OWE groups compared with the EC and EE groups. In conclusion, overweight children present altered immune system balance characterized by elevated lymphocyte proliferation due to a decrease in T regulatory cell percentage. These effects were partially reverted by moderate physical exercise, as demonstrated by decreased lymphocyte proliferation.

  14. Proto-CIRCUS Tilted-Coil Tokamak-Torsatron Hybrid: Design and Construction

    CERN Document Server

    Clark, A W; Hammond, K C; Kornbluth, Y; Spong, D A; Sweeney, R; Volpe, F A

    2014-01-01

    We present the field-line modeling, design and construction of a prototype circular-coil tokamak-torsatron hybrid called Proto-CIRCUS. The device has a major radius R = 16 cm and minor radius a < 5 cm. The six "toroidal field" coils are planar as in a tokamak, but they are tilted. This, combined with induced or driven plasma current, is expected to generate rotational transform, as seen in field-line tracing and equilibrium calculations. The device is expected to operate at lower plasma current than a tokamak of comparable size and magnetic field, which might have interesting implications for disruptions and steady-state operation. Additionally, the toroidal magnetic ripple is less pronounced than in an equivalent tokamak in which the coils are not tilted. The tilted coils are interlocked, resulting in a relatively low aspect ratio, and can be moved, both radially and in tilt angle, between discharges. This capability will be exploited for detailed comparisons between calculations and field-line mapping me...

  15. Breeding Behaviour of Eurasian Marsh Harriers (Circus aeruginosus L., 1758; Aves, Accipitridae Nesting on Three Habitats in Eastern Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacy Kitowski

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Breeding behaviour of Eurasian marsh harriers Circus aeruginosus pairs nesting in marshes, water reservoir and fish pond of SE Poland were compared. Harriers nesting on the marshes were most efficient during aerial prey transfers, which could suggest that the habitat was taken by experienced, better quality birds when set against the ones occupying nests on the ponds and reservoir. Additional evidence that higher quality birds nested on marshes is that egg laying was earlier there. Marsh Harriers performed U-shape undulation, in the nestling period and these appeared more intense for marsh nesters as well.

  16. With a modern P.T. Barnum act, Donald Trump is tapping Americans’ anger to sell tickets to his own political circus

    OpenAIRE

    Pruessen, Ron

    2016-01-01

    If the US election campaign currently has the air of a circus, Donald Trump can easily be seen as its P.T. Barnum. While the historical analogy is worth consideration, though, Ron Pruessen argues that Trump goes beyond (and beneath) the earlier Big Top impresario – and that the audience he is attracting is more than a gaggle of rubes and suckers.

  17. a Method for Virtual Anastylosis: the Case of the Arch of Titus at the Circus Maximus in Rome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canciani, M.; Falcolini, C.; Buonfiglio, M.; Pergola, S.; Saccone, M.; Mammì, B.; Romito, G.

    2013-07-01

    This paper is the first report about the development of a methodology for the virtual Anastylosis of elements belonging to an archaeological site, based on the 3d modeling of fragments. This research is the result of the cooperation between Università Roma Tre, Dipartimento di Architettura and Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai Beni Culturali; several 3D survey, modeling, information systems and archaeology experts were involved. The purpose of the research was to study the complex and stratified site of the Arch of Titus at the Circus Maximus aiming, first of all, at completing the existing traditional graphic documentation using cataloguing and survey innovative methodologies, and, secondly, at supporting new proposals for the reconstruction and Anastylosis of the Arch itself. This tested methodology whose fundamental element is the three-dimensional textured model of each fragment, can also be used in other sites and contexts.

  18. Exclusão escolar e a criança de circo. School exclusion and the circus child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier, Gláucia do Carmo

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo aborda a escolarização da criança artista de circo. O foco é a sua trajetória escolar sob o olhar de ações inclusivas ou excludentes por parte da escola. O objetivo desta pesquisa é investigar o cotidiano escolar dessas crianças e identificar os obstáculos existentes em relação à escolarização delas. A metodologia utilizada foi a entrevista com pais e estudantes de quatro circos visitantes em Belo Horizonte - MG. A pesquisa se desenvolveu em 2 anos e teve como resultado final a necessidade de uma mudança de paradigma por parte da escola frente à criança circense e um novo enfoque quanto à formação de educadores. Foi constatado preconceito, exclusão e falta de uma metodologia voltada para crianças que mudam com frenquência de escola, como é o caso do artista de circo.This article presents approach the circus artist child schooling. The concerning focus is to observe his inclusion and no inclusion trajectory at school. The main objective is to observe the child`s day by day life and identify obstacles that may interfere in school education. Interviews with parents and children were used as methodology. Four circuses were observed during two years in Belo Horizonte - Minas Gerais presentations season. After two years the research results ends up into the necessity to change the school behavior pedagogical methodology and inclusion comprehension focus to deal with those children. Prejudice and a non adequate educators training were also noticed.

  19. Circo social e práticas educacionais não governamentais Social circus and non-governmental educacional practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilia Lobo

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa qualitativa em tela tenta analisar o circo social cujo objetivo refere-se à inclusão social de jovens das periferias através das artes do circo. Algumas práticas desenvolvidas por organizações educacionais não governamentais no contexto das políticas públicas neoliberais serviram-nos de recorte. Para tal selecionamos como referências teóricas a genealogia de Michel Foucault, o conceito nietzscheano de arte trágica, de cultura cômica popular em Bakhtin e de circo através de seus pesquisadores no Brasil. Indagamos: como vem se dando a aliança, não mais da filantropia com a ciência, mas atualmente com as artes, particularmente o circo? Estaria a arte sob o domínio de uma nova tecnologia?This research tries to analyze the social circus, whose purpose is the social inclusion of youngster from impoverished urban areas through the arts of circus. Specifically, delineating some practices developed by non-governmental educational organizations in the context of neo-liberal public policies. For such an undertaking, the following theoretical references were used: Michel Foucault's genealogy, Nietzsche's concept of tragical art, Bakhtin's work on comic humor in popular culture and the work of Brazilian researchers regarding the circus. We inquire: how is the alliance between art and philanthropy being established, in particular with the circus, in decrement of the alliance between science and philanthropy? Would art be under the dominion of a new technology?

  20. Varying types of circus movement re-entry with both normal and dissociated contralateral conduction causing different right and left atrial rhythms in canine atrial flutter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamauchi, S; Boineau, J P; Schuessler, R B; Cox, J L

    1998-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop an animal model of atrial flutter (AFL) or fibrillation (AFB) and to determine precisely the pathway of atrial activation during arrhythmias induced by programmed stimulation. In 10 dogs, a shunt from the left subclavian artery to the left upper pulmonary vein was created to produce left atrial enlargement. Five months later, using programmed electrical stimulation, it was possible to induce 17 sustained atrial tachycardias in 9 of the 10 dogs, including 9 episodes of AFL caused by circus movement re-entry, 6 episodes of focal tachycardia, and 2 episodes of AFB. Short cycle length left atrial tachycardias caused by either circus movement or a focus did not propagate in a uniform 1:1 pattern to the right atrium (RA), resulting in RA dissociation. In these arrhythmias, complex wavefronts from both current and preceding left atrial cycles coexisted in the RA. Circus movement was associated with a spectrum of different re-entrant pathways with different path lengths. These differences in the path length were determined by various ways in which obstacles such as the superior vena cava and orifice of the right atrial appendage or pulmonary vein orifices were combined by contiguous areas of functional block.

  1. Womanliness as Masquerade: Tracing Luce Irigaray’s Theory in Angela Carter’s Nights at the Circus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yiğit Sümbül

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Published in 1977 with a great deal of controversy within European feminist circles, Luce Irigaray’s This Sex which Is Not One presents the author’s commentary on the modern phallocentric culture, commodification of women and their counteraction disguised within the very patriarchal structures. Irigaray, for instance, views womanliness and female submissiveness as a strategy that women have always made use of in order to develop a much more unfettered self behind such masks. Women masquerade as objects to be consumed to achieve a freer voice from the patriarchal discourse and to establish themselves as the ultimate subjects of a never-ending cultural exchange. Irigaray’s views on female strategies such as masquerade and performativity are applicable to a feminist reading of Angela Carter’s famous postmodern novel, Nights at the Circus (1984, which critiques the patriarchal ideology with its suggestion of a New Woman. Fevvers, the protagonist of the novel, imprisons the male voice in the novel behind the invisible cage of her own world of performances and uses her womanliness to suppress the male willpower to the degree of self-submission. In this respect, this study argues that Carter’s generation of Fevvers as the New Woman is reminiscent of what Irigaray theorizes in her above article with respect to questions like womanliness, masquerade and performativity

  2. Surgical Correction of Posttraumatic Scapulothoracic Bursitis, Rhomboid Major Muscle Injury, Ipsilateral Glenohumeral Instability, and Headaches Resulting from Circus Acrobatic Maneuvers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John G. Skedros

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We report the case of a 28-year-old transgender (male-to-female patient that had a partial tear of the rhomboid major tendon, scapulothoracic bursitis, and glenohumeral instability on the same side. These conditions resulted from traumatic events during circus acrobatic maneuvers. Additional aspects of this case that make it unique include (1 the main traumatic event occurred during a flagpole exercise, where the patient’s trunk was suspended horizontally while a vertical pole was grasped with both hands, (2 headaches were associated with the periscapular injury and they improved after scapulothoracic bursectomy and rhomboid tendon repair, (3 surgical correction was done during the same operation with an open anterior capsular-labral reconstruction, open scapulothoracic bursectomy without bone resection, and rhomboid tendon repair, (4 a postoperative complication of tearing of the serratus anterior and rhomboid muscle attachments with recurrent scapulothoracic pain occurred from patient noncompliance, and (5 the postoperative complication was surgically corrected and ultimately resulted in an excellent outcome at the one-year final follow-up.

  3. Blood chemistry and hematologic values in free-living nestlings of Montagu's harriers (Circus pygargus) in a natural habitat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Limiñana, Ruben; López-Olvera, Jorge R; Gallardo, Miguel; Fordham, Margaret; Urios, Vicente

    2009-12-01

    The establishment of reference intervals for hematologic and blood chemistry values in a given species is essential for subsequent diagnosis of disease at rehabilitation facilities and in captive breeding programs. In this study, blood samples were obtained from nestlings (18 males and 22 females) of a natural-vegetation breeding population of Montagu's harrier (Circus pygargus) in eastern Spain in order to establish reference intervals for blood values. This is the first study documenting hematologic and biochemical reference intervals for free-living Montagu's harriers. The studied population may reflect typical blood values for the species, since it is a free-living population that seems not to be constrained by food availability, as it is the population of Montagu's harriers with the highest productivity within Europe. Differences related to sex, year, clutch size, brood size, and number of fledglings were analyzed. Packed cell volume and hemoglobin were significantly lower from nests with five chicks compared to values from nests with fewer chicks, indicating that the cost of rearing more than four chicks in this species may be excessive. Total protein, calcium (Ca), and phosphorus (P) were significantly lower in the year with lowest mean rainfall, which correlates with the worst breeding success rate since the population has been monitored. No gender differences were found; this is likely a result of the prepubertal age of the animals sampled.

  4. SkydancerPlex: A novel STR multiplex validated for forensic use in the hen harrier (Circus cyaneus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Hoppe, Moniek J C; Dy, Mary A V; van den Einden, Marion; Iyengar, Arati

    2016-05-01

    The hen harrier (Circus cyaneus) is a bird of prey which is heavily persecuted in the UK because it preys on the game bird red grouse (Lagopus lagopus scoticus). To help investigations into illegal killings of hen harrier, a STR multiplex kit containing eight short tandem repeat (STR) markers and a chromohelicase DNA binding protein 1 (CHD 1) sexing marker was developed. The multiplex kit was tested for species specificity, sensitivity, robustness, precision, accuracy and stability. Full profiles were obtained with as little as 0.25 ng of template DNA. Concurrent development of an allelic ladder to ensure reliable and accurate allele designation across laboratories makes the SkydancerPlex the first forensic DNA profiling system in a species of wildlife to be fully validated according to SWGDAM and ISFG recommendations. An average profile frequency of 3.67 × 10(-8), a PID estimate of 5.3 × 10(-9) and a PID-SIB estimate of 9.7 × 10(-4) make the SkydancerPlex an extremely powerful kit for individualisation. PMID:26881329

  5. “中国马戏之乡”特色文化动漫宣传片的创作概论%Introduction to Creating Unique Cultural Animation Promos for Chinese Circus Town

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏三强

    2012-01-01

    As the saying goes, Chinese circus is in Anhui Province, and Anhui circus in Yongqiao. This paper is to, taking Chinese circus town (Yongqiao circus) as an example, introduce the development of the unique culture by mainly using some animation creation softwares, such as Flash, Maya and so on, with the school - enterprise cooperation, to make cartoon promosand its derivative products. It has realistic significance to publicize this unique culture, to promote Yongqiao's economic and social development, to improve its green GDP, and so on.%“中国马戏在安徽,安徽马戏在踊桥”。以“中国马戏之乡”(宿州市埔桥马戏)为例,主要运用171ash、Maya等动画创作软件,校企合作开发踊桥马戏特色文化动漫宣传片及其衍生产品。对于宣传“中国马戏之乡”地方特色文化、推动踊桥经济社会发展、全面提升埔桥区的绿色GDP等方面,都具有现实的意义。

  6. Milton Nascimento: o circo como um lugar de memória cultural - Milton Nascimento: Circus as a place of cultural memory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Carlos de Souza

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1980-4512.2013n28p211   Trata-se de uma oficina de cultura de resistência realizada com 30 crianças de 10 anos de idade, estudantes de uma escola pública municipal de Vitória – ES, que teve como propósito celebrar o dia internacional do circo, 27 de março. Toda a produção estética desta oficina gira em torno da música “Circo Marimbondo”, de autoria de Milton Nascimento e Fernando Brant (1978 e consiste na elaboração de pictogramas de artistas circenses (desenho com massa de modelar, a partir da pregunta norteadora: quem são esses marimbondos de quem tanto fala a música? Os marimbondos foram representados pelas crianças, principalmente como figura de artistas fantásticos como: palhaços, bailarinas, homens bala, trapezistas, a mulher barbada e a mulher gorila. A oficina finalizou com a apresentação de toda a produção estética para a familia daquelas crianças.   Abstract   a workshop culture of resistance held with 30 children Workshop culture of resistance held with 30 children from 10 years old, students at a local public school in Vitória - ES, which aimed to celebrate the International Day Circus on March 27. All the aesthetic production of the workshop revolved around the song Circus Wasp, by Milton Nascimento and Fernando Brant (1978 and consisted elaboration of pictography of circus artists (drawing with clay modeling , from question: "Who are these wasps whose music speaks so much?" The wasps were represented mainly by children like it features amazing artists as: clowns, dancers, man bullet, trapeze artists, and bearded woman or female gorilla. The workshop culminated with the presentation of the whole aesthetic production to the family of those children. Keywords: Aesthetic production, Brazilian Popular Music, cultural identity.

  7. Stimulation of circus movement by activin, bFGF and TGF-beta 2 in isolated animal cap cells of Xenopus laevis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minoura, I; Nakamura, H; Tashiro, K; Shiokawa, K

    1995-01-01

    Lobopodium is a hyaline cytoplasmic protrusion which rotates circumferencially around a cell. This movement is called circus movement, which is seen in dissociated cells of amphibian embryos. Relative abundance of the lobopodia-forming cells changes temporally and spatially within Xenopus embryos, reflecting stage-dependent difference of morphogenetic movements. The lobopodia-forming activity of dissociated animal cap cells was stimulated strongly by activin and bFGF, and weakly by TGF-beta 2. In addition, activin A was found to stimulate cellular attachment to the substratum when the cultivation lasted long. Thus, mesoderm-inducing growth factors stimulate lobopodia formation and cellular movements which may be necessary for gastrulation and neurulation in Xenopus early embryos.

  8. Validation of the RELAP5 code for the modeling of flashing-induced instabilities under natural-circulation conditions using experimental data from the CIRCUS test facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kozmenkov, Y. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e.V. (FZD), Institute of Safety Research, P.O.B. 510119, D-01324 Dresden (Germany); Institute of Physics and Power Engineering, Obninsk (Russian Federation); Rohde, U., E-mail: U.Rohde@hzdr.de [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e.V. (FZD), Institute of Safety Research, P.O.B. 510119, D-01324 Dresden (Germany); Manera, A. [Paul Scherrer Institute (Switzerland)

    2012-02-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We report about the simulation of flashing-induced instabilities in natural circulation systems. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Flashing-induced instabilities are of relevance for operation of pool-type reactors of small power at low pressure. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The RELAP5 code is validated against measurement data from natural circulation experiments. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The magnitude and frequency of the oscillations were reproduced in good agreement with the measurement data. - Abstract: This paper reports on the use of the RELAP5 code for the simulation of flashing-induced instabilities in natural circulation systems. The RELAP 5 code is intended to be used for the simulation of transient processes in the Russian RUTA reactor concept operating at atmospheric pressure with forced convection of coolant. However, during transient processes, natural circulation with flashing-induced instabilities might occur. The RELAP5 code is validated against measurement data from natural circulation experiments performed within the framework of a European project (NACUSP) on the CIRCUS facility. The facility, built at the Delft University of Technology in The Netherlands, is a water/steam 1:1 height-scaled loop of a typical natural-circulation-cooled BWR. It was shown that the RELAP5 code is able to model all relevant phenomena related to flashing induced instabilities. The magnitude and frequency of the oscillations were reproduced in a good agreement with the measurement data. The close correspondence to the experiments was reached by detailed modeling of all components of the CIRCUS facility including the heat exchanger, the buffer vessel and the steam dome at the top of the facility.

  9. 快堆钠回路水锤程序开发与应用%Waterhammer Program Development and Application for Fast Breeder Reactor's Sodium Circus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文静; 栾霖; 金德圭; 陆道纲; 汤荣铭

    2001-01-01

    研究开发了快堆钠回路水锤分析专用程序WHA。该程序在一维特征线法(MOC)传统的压力波传播数学模型中补充了钠腔-气腔外边界模型,并采用气泡离散模型模拟低压液柱分离中的蒸汽穴的生成与溃灭。程序用FORTRAN90语言对快堆实验钠回路ESPRESSO中由于阀门的快速开启与关闭引起的压力波传播进行了分析计算。计算结果表明:将钠腔-气腔引入水锤压力波传播的数学模型进行程序计算的结果是合理的。%Based on one-dimensional method of characteristics(MOC), anumerical model of pressure-wave progation is presented in the paper. A special code is programmed to analyze and calculate waterhammer resulted from rapid opening or closing of valve in the experimental sodium circus of fast breeder reactor(FBR). In the model, a new outer boundary condition, sodium-cavity is included. Model of bubble's discrete distribution is adopted to simulate generation and collapse of the bubble with the pressure's decreasing and increasing. The results demonstrate that the model of pressure-wave progation is valid.

  10. Circus movement in rabbit atrial muscle as a mechanism of tachycardia. II. The role of nonuniform recovery of excitability in the occurrence of unidirectional block, as studied with multiple microelectrodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allessie, M A; Bonke, F I; Schopman, F J

    1976-08-01

    Periods of tachycardia were induced in isolated segments (15 X 15 mm) of rabbit left atrium by local application of a properly timed premature stimulus. We used a special device for multiple synchronous microelectrode recordings of responses of more than 100 fibers during the initiation of tachycardia. We clearly demonstrated circus movement of the impulse through a small area of atrial muscle as the underlying mechanism. The premature impulse was conducted antegrade in only one direction, whereas in the other directions antegrade conduction failed. The local responses of the fibers in the blocked area served as a temporary obstacle for return of the premature impulse. When these fibers recovered their excitability before extinction of the premature impulse, they were reentered in a retrograde direction, and the impulse traveled in a circular route. During the propagation of a premature beat, local block, which set the stage for circus movement, was caused by nonuniform recovery of excitability of the atrium. We related the spread of activation of a premature impulse to the naturally occurring spatial dispersion in refractory periods and found that local conduction block invariably was associated with an area of delayed restoration of excitability. Artificial induction of differences in refractory periods by regional application of carbamylcholine made it clear that a disparity in refractory periods of only 11-6 msec between adjacent areas may be sufficient to cause local conduction block of a properly timed premature impulse. PMID:939001

  11. The mechanism of supraventricular tachycardia induced by a single premature beat in the isolated left atrium of the rabbit. I. Circus movement as a consequence of unidirectional block of the premature impulse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allessie, M A; Bonke, F I; Schopman, F J

    1975-01-01

    In the isolated left atrium of the rabbit tachycardia could be elicited by a single stimulus shortly after the refractory period. The activation pattern of the preparation was mapped by means of multiple extracellular recordings. It could be demonstrated that a circus movement of the activation in a relatively small part of the atrial myocardium was responsible for the tachycardia. This phenomenon was studied on a cellular level with multiple microelectrode recordings. The impulse of the premature beat, when followed by a tachycardia, was one way only, while in the other directions the conduction failed completely or occurred with such decrement that the impulse died out. These differences in conductivity were connected with spatial differences in the refractory period. Therefore the excitability of the fibers surrounding the stimulating electrod was not restored to the same level at the moment the premature beat was elicited. Spatial dispersion in the refractory period was important for the occurrence of unidirectional block and thus for the initiation of circus movement and tachycardia. PMID:1188162

  12. Arte circense: a magia e o encantamento dentro e fora das lonas Circus arts: magic and charm inside and outside the tents Arte circense: la magia y el encantamiento dentro y fuera de las lonas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Este texto faz parte da dissertação de mestrado que investiga o saber circense incorporado e compartilhado no Circo Girassol, em Porto Alegre/RS. Pensando o corpo a partir de referenciais culturais e históricos, pode-se observar o movimento da arte circense ressignificado a cada tempo. Da prática corporal dos saltimbancos, despertando riso e liberdade, à arte do circo contemporâneo adequado ao mercado artístico performático desse tempo, o corpo transforma-se em um dos principais produtos da Indústria Cultural. Há também, neste artigo, uma proposta educacional para que a prática da cultura corporal de movimento seja desenvolvida com cooperação, solidariedade e interdisciplinaridade, fazendo do “brincar” de circo um ato pedagógico lúdico voltado para a “produção” do prazer. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: arte circense – corpo – prática pedagógica – ludicidade This text is part of a master’s dissertation which investigates circus knowledge incorporated and shared by the Circo Girassol circus in Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Considering the body from cultural and historical references, one can observe movement in the circus arts to be resignified at each moment. From the body practices of the saltimbancs, triggering laughter and freedom, to the art of the contemporary circus adapted to the artistic performance market of this time, the body becomes one of the main products of the Culture Industry. This article also presents an educational proposal to enable the practice of body movement culture to be developed in cooperation, solidarity, and interdisciplinarity, turning the “let’s play circus” act into a playful pedagogical act focused at the “production” of pleasure. KEYWORDS: circus art – body – pedagogical practices – playfulness Este texto hace parte de la disertación de maestría que investiga el saber circense incorporado y compartido en el Circo Girasol, en Porto Alegre/RS. Pensando el cuerpo a partir de

  13. Concentration de busards cendrés Circus pygargus (L.) dans la région de M'Bour (Sénégal) durant l'hiver 1988-1989 : utilisation du milieu et régime alimentaire

    OpenAIRE

    Cormier, J.P.; Baillon, François

    1991-01-01

    Cet article porte sur la densité des busards cendrés #Circus pygargus$ et leur répartition en fonction des types de végétation dans la région située au nord du delta du Saloum (Sénégal), sur les rythmes d'activités de ces oiseaux et leur régime alimentaire

  14. High-temporospatial-resolution dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) wrist MRI with variable-density pseudo-random circular Cartesian undersampling (CIRCUS) acquisition: evaluation of perfusion in rheumatoid arthritis patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jing; Pedoia, Valentina; Heilmeier, Ursula; Ku, Eric; Su, Favian; Khanna, Sameer; Imboden, John; Graf, Jonathan; Link, Thomas; Li, Xiaojuan

    2016-01-01

    This study is to evaluate highly accelerated three-dimensional (3D) dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) wrist MRI for assessment of perfusion in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. A pseudo-random variable-density undersampling strategy, circular Cartesian undersampling (CIRCUS), was combined with k-t SPARSE-SENSE reconstruction to achieve a highly accelerated 3D DCE wrist MRI. Two healthy volunteers and 10 RA patients were studied. Two patients were on methotrexate (MTX) only (Group I) and the other eight were treated with a combination therapy of MTX and anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy (Group II). Patients were scanned at baseline and 3 month follow-up. DCE MR images were used to evaluate perfusion in synovitis and bone marrow edema pattern in the RA wrist joints. A series of perfusion parameters was derived and compared with clinical disease activity scores of 28 joints (DAS28). 3D DCE wrist MR images were obtained with a spatial resolution of 0.3 × 0.3 × 1.5 mm(3) and temporal resolution of 5 s (with an acceleration factor of 20). The derived perfusion parameters, most notably transition time (dT) of synovitis, showed significant negative correlations with DAS28-ESR (r = -0.80, p perfusion in RA joints, showing promise as a potential tool for evaluating treatment responses.

  15. 重庆国际马戏城防排烟系统的分析设计%Smoke control and extraction system design and analysis for Chongqing International Circus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张弘

    2013-01-01

    通过工程实例介绍马戏表演场这种特殊形体大空间建筑的防排烟系统的设计.利用消防性能化对火灾场景进行模拟计算分析,根据计算结果指导防排烟等系统的设置.采取舞台区域安装雨淋系统、观众厅安装大空间智能型主动喷水灭火系统、座椅进行阻燃处理等措施,为室内人员的安全疏散提供保障.%Presents the smoke control and extraction system design of the circus field with special and large-space site by introducing a real project. Simulates and analyses the fire scene by using performance-based fire protection feature,and directs the smoke control and extraction system settings according to the results. To provide safe evacuation protection for indoor personnel, adopts the deluge system at the stage area, installs the large-space intelligent active control sprinkler systems at the auditorium area and treats the seats with fire resistant measures.

  16. Population dynamics of hen harrier Circus cyaneus in overwintering area of Southeast China%中国东南部越冬区白尾鹞种群动态

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗祖奎; 吴法清; 舒实; 楼利高; 王天厚

    2010-01-01

    主要从湖北沙湖湿地自然保护区自尾鹞(Circus cyaneus)的生境偏爱和影响因子两方面分析中国东南部越冬区白尾鹞的种群动态.方差分析表明:年度间白尾鹞丰富度差异不显著.T检验表明:4a季节间白尾鹞丰富度差异极显著,秋季高于冬季.方差分析表明:4种生境中白尾鹞的丰富度存在极显著差异,草甸>芦苇>农田>水域.4种生境中自尾鹞丰富度变异系数为:草甸<水域<芦苇<农田.草甸生境是白尾鹞相对较好的越冬生境.多独立样本非参数检验(Kruskal-Wallis H法)表明:4种牛境中雀形目鸟类和环颈雉的丰富度均存在极显著差异.多元线性回归模型(Enter进入法)显示:白尾鹞丰富度与其捕食对象丰富度在芦苇和草甸生境中呈强正相关,在农田和水域生境中相关性不显著.虚拟线性回归模型(Enter进入法)表明:草甸中的影响因子极显著的影响草甸中白尾鹞的丰富度.方差分析表明:草甸中白尾鹞的丰富度随草甸而积的下降而显著性下降.T检验表明:围网对白尾鹞在水域生境出现频次无显著影响.

  17. Welfare of sea lions in travelling circuses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hopster, H.; Jong, de I.C.

    2014-01-01

    Dit rapport geeft een overzicht van de wetenschappelijke literatuur en opinies van deskundigen over het welzijn van zeeleeuwen in reizende circussen. Dit als basis voor beleidsontwikkeling.This report describes the scientific literature and expert views concerning the welfare of sea lions in travell

  18. Nuclear waste hearings - a three ring circus?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The article is a personal commentary by Dr. H. Tammemagi on the hearings held on the deep geologic concept for nuclear fuel waste disposal. He condemns the anti-nuclear proponents of voicing opinions not based on fact while they accuse the nuclear proponents of not making decisions on a nuclear waste disposal facility based on enough facts. He uses the Mars and Venus analogy of a popular book to bring forth his point

  19. Sibling conflict in Montagu's harrier Circus pygargus during the post-fledging period in south-east Poland%波兰东南部乌灰鹞在雏鸟出羽后期的同窝雏间冲突

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ignacy KITOWSKI

    2005-01-01

    Sibling rivalry was studied in 13 broods (total of 37 fledglings) of Montagu's harrier Circus pygargus from a breeding site in south-eastern Poland. The oldest sibling in broods tended to monopolise food in the nest and in the air (both in terms of numbers and estimated overall biomass). The proportion of food transfers taking place in the air tended to increase as the fledglings aged. Aggressive interactions between flying offspring were observed only during aerial food transfers. Of 730 aerial food transfers, 57(7.8%) fell to the ground as a result of sibling competition. Juveniles that did not obtain prey from their parents due to sibling rivalry were sometimes seen trying to capture nearby passerines. Adults rarely demonstrated preferential feeding of the youngest offspring. The larger the brood, the longer lasting sibling conflicts over prey. Success at obtaining prey during aerial food transfers was correlated with spatial distribution of offspring prior to a given feeding event. The chicks hierarchy established during the nestling stage was preserved over the post-fledging period, which allowed the oldest juveniles to start migrating in good condition%通过对波兰东南部的13巢乌灰鹞(Circus pygargus), 37只雏鸟观察,对同窝雏鸟间的竞争进行了研究.无论是在食物的数量或者生物量上,早孵出的雏鸟占有空中喂养与巢内喂养的食物源的绝对优势.空中学习捕食的食物量占喂养食物量的比例随着雏鸟年龄的增长而增加.雏鸟在空中喂养中的攻击行为通过对空中食物传递进行研究.在370次的食物传递中,由于雏间竞争而引起的落地食物的比例57次(7.8%).由于雏间竞争而不能获得亲鸟喂养的幼鸟有时捕食周围的雀形目小鸟.亲鸟很少喂养较小的雏鸟.窝雏数越大,雏鸟间对食物的争斗持续时间越长.空中食物传递中捕食的成功率与雏鸟的空间分布相关.这种建立在雏鸟早期的

  20. Trabajar como artista: Estrategias, prácticas y representaciones del trabajo artístico entre jóvenes artistas circenses Trabalhando como um artista: Estratégias, práticas e representações da trabalho artistico entre jovens artistas de circo Working as an artist: Strategies, practices and representations of artistic work among young circus artists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Infantino

    2011-12-01

    autonomous field, has led to the invisibility of the labor dimension of artistic practices settling dichotomous social representations about art and work. Consequently, this is an area which has been almost unexplored in the field of research on Youth and Work. However, many artists and many young people work through the art they perform. Based on the case of circus artists in the city of Buenos Aires, we will discuss this idea of opposition between arts and work analyzing the labor market, the work strategies and the significance that artists give to their practices. We will study the distinctions between the characteristics of these artistic and labor practices in the decade of 1990 and the current situation regarding recent changes in the labor market and the shift in the legitimacy occupied by circus arts.

  1. 秋季迁徙中白头鹞与鹃头蜂鹰的跨海迁飞行为比较%Comparison of the water-crossing behavior of Western Marsh Harriers(Circus aeruginosus)and European Honey Buzzards (Pernis apivorus)during autumn migration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Michele PANUCCIO; Nicolantonio AGOSTINI

    2010-01-01

    在意大利中部的观察点,我们对秋季向非洲迁徙的白头鹞(Circus aeruginosus)和鹃头蜂鹰(Pernis apivorus)的跨海迁飞行为进行了研究.其中白头鹞大部分为成鸟,鹃头蜂鹰大部分是亚成鸟.研究内容包括跨海迁徙行为与风向、昼间迁徙时间、集群和年龄的关系.尽管鹃头蜂鹰不如白头鹞适合长距离跨海飞行,但它们集群迁徙时多远离海岸.两种鸟中只有很少个体选择沿海岸飞行.在无风天气,白头鹞像单独迁徙的鹃头蜂鹰一样,选择跨海飞行,而不是中途停歇或飞回陆地的断续迁徙,在逆风情况下则相反.而鹃头蜂鹰集群迁徙时的飞行策略不受风向影响.两种鸟在上午均选择跨海飞行而不是断续迁徙,下午则相反.鹃头蜂鹰的跨海迁飞行为与年龄相关,其成鸟很少跨海飞行.本研究证实鹃头蜂鹰迁徙过程中集群行为对其跨海迁飞的影响极为显著.不同年龄鹃头蜂鹰的跨海迁飞倾向不同,缺乏经验的亚成鸟和年轻成鸟选择高能量消耗的长途(跨海)飞行,而不是具中途停歇地的短距离断续迁徙.

  2. Prácticas, representaciones y discursos de corporalidad: La ambigüedad en los cuerpos circenses Práticas, representações e discursos da corporalidade: A ambigüidade nos corpos do circo Practices, representations and discourses of the body: Ambiguity on circus bodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Infantino

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo trabajaremos con las prácticas de los artistas circenses contemporáneos en la ciudad de Buenos Aires. Abordaremos los modos en los que la corporalidad se constituye en uno de los medios de expresión identitaria en tanto un grupo social puede componer, a través de sus experiencias corporales, sus propios estilos artísticos, su propia definición de práctica artístico-laboral, su propio cuerpo legítimo. Mostraremos la manera en que esos cuerpos pueden por momentos disputar y/o reproducir concepciones hegemónicas de corporalidad, proponiendo la necesidad de pensar estos procesos de manera dinámica, prestando atención tanto a los mecanismos de poder como a su contraparte, los sujetos que negocian, cuestionan y/o resisten.Este artigo versa sobre as práticas de artistas de circo contemporâneo na cidade de Buenos Aires. Abordam-se os modos em que as corporalidades se constituem em vias de expressão da identidade de um grupo social que pode criar, através de experiências corporais, seus próprios estilos artísticos, suas definições das práticas artístico-laborais, e seu próprio corpo legítimo. O trabalho busca mostrar como estes corpos podem, às vezes, contestar e/ou reproduzir concepções corporais hegemônicas, propondo a necessidade de se pensar estes processos de modo dinâmico, analisando tanto os mecanismos de poder e sua contrapartida, as práticas de sujeitos que negociam, questionam e/ou resistem.This paper will work the practices of contemporary circus artists in the city of Buenos Aires. We will analyse the way in which corporality can become one of the means of identity expression, given that a social group can compose, through body experiences, its own artistic styles, its own definition of artistic-labour practices, its own legitimate body. We will show how these bodies can at times dispute or reproduce hegemonic conceptions of corporality. We suggest there is a need of thinking these processes in

  3. DAN DIACONESCU: THE POLITICS OF BREAD AND CIRCUSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VALENTIN QUINTUS NICOLESCU

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Founder and owner of two television stations, Dan Diaconescu found the opportunity to rise the electoral support for his anti-system party through media channels in the circumstances of a tumultuous political year and a bitterly personal power struggle between President Traian Băsescu and Prime Minister Victor Ponta. He described the victory in the upcoming parliamentary elections as a start of the battle against the post-communist Romanian political class that impoverished the country. Through this battle lead by him and other members of his party, his „army of angels”1, Dan Diaconescu says he can liberate the Romanian people and install „people’s dictatorship” that will punish all the political class for the injustices suffered by them. In a context of highly visible and influential populist discourse, this paper considers the self-representation of Dan Diaconescu and his People’s Party – Dan Diaconescu during parliamentary election campaign in 2012. First of all, a multi-methodological approach was adopted to examine the key elements of national populist discourse: antagonistic struggle between politicians and citizens, popular sovereignty, corruption of the political class and popular mobilization for political change. After that, I will examine how this Romanian form of populism represents the rival version of western representative democracy, the populist democracy specific to Latin America based on direct representation embodied by a leader or a party capable to symbolize the power of the people. Within this frame, I will try to analyse to what degree Dan Diaconescu’s populism enrolls in the logic of Latin American populism instead of a cultural or ethnic populism dominant in Europe.

  4. When the circus comes to town: Countering campus presentations on climate denial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbin, J.

    2012-12-01

    A key element of the corporate and conservative campaign to discredit climate science has been public presentations by high-profile climate change deniers who offer "the real view" of climate science. While such speakers often intend to muddy the waters with respect to climate science, they can also serve as an initiative to highlight the widely accepted facts of climate change and the nature of scientific consensus on the topic. Our experience, based on a visit by Christopher Monckton to Union College, is that the attention and publicity surrounding such events can have a positive impact by raising the profile of climate science and engaging a wider audience than would otherwise be possible. The principle lesson from our experience is that our students are some of the most effective counters to such presentations by climate change deniers. Students at Union College worked with faculty to organize sophisticated presentations and forums to present a coherent message about the science of climate change. They engaged with Monckton during his presentation and in a follow-up forum, used social media tools such as Facebook, Twitter, and Reddit to communicate with one another and with their peers, and displayed highly sophisticated critical thinking skills. Above all, they had the passion and energy to organize, to engage with a high-profile speaker, and to rebut arguments that misrepresented the state of climate science. While we had effectively used social media tools to organize and communicate within our own communities, we were subject to a well-organized campaign that used those same tools to discredit our efforts. Links to coverage of the event in our campus newspaper were shared worldwide via Twitter and Facebook, and we were flooded with messages from people with no campus connection. The event was also featured, along with derogatory descriptions of organizers, at the website Wattsupwiththat and a contribution by Monckton to the Financial Post. We would have been far better prepared for post-event publicity if we had anticipated that social media tools can effectively nationalize discussions that take place even at small colleges. Even with that knowledge, however, the balance of power in carrying on a debate in the public sphere seems strongly weighted toward the network of climate deniers. I co-authored an EOS Forum paper that described our experiences at Union College and at nearby Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. The number of blog or Twitter references to EOS pales in comparison to those linking to a reply authored by Monckton and posted online. At this point, communication of climate science seems at a distinct disadvantage compared to communication of climate denial. This is not to say that we should yield the floor to those who attempt to discredit our research and contradict what we teach in our classes - doing so risks giving the impression that scientific literacy and public awareness of climate change are of little importance to us. Instead, when we engage climate science deniers, we make clear that we believe much is at stake.

  5. An evaluation of exercise pen use by circus tigers (Pathera tigris tigris).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nevill, Christian H; Friend, Ted H; Windom, Amy G

    2010-01-01

    This study quantified the behavior of 11 tigers during periodic access to an exercise pen throughout the day and night. The study determined the amount of time spent in the pen and the percentage of time spent performing stereotypic pacing, normal locomotor behavior, and lying down while in the pen. Average access to the exercise pen was 10 hr 49 min overnight and 5 hr 30 min during the day. At night, the tigers spent 29.1% of their time in the exercise pen, during which they paced 19.6% and performed normal locomotor behavior for 23.1% of that time. By day, they spent 40.4% of their time in the exercise pen, during which they paced 10.0% and performed normal locomotor behavior 35.7% of that time. The tigers spent the rest of the time in the pen lying down. Overall, tigers will utilize an exercise pen, spending a greater percentage of time in the pen during the day than at night and also performing less stereotyped pacing than at night.

  6. [Working conditions of female workers in the system of "Soiuzgostsirk" (the Soviet State Circus)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mekhova, M M; Krasnikov, D G

    1989-01-01

    Labour activity of those engaged in the system of Soyuzgostsirk was analyzed. It was established that unsatisfactory sanitary and hygienic situation for members of the orchestra, workers taking care of animals and others, physical and neuroemotional load of gymnasts, acrobats and their assistants, induced uncomfortable work posture of conjurers and gymnasts were in some cases regarded as the main unfavourable occupational factors. The health state of the above professional groups was assessed. Preventive measures aimed at sanitation of labour conditions and decrease of disease rates were developed.

  7. Polygamy in the Marsh Harrier, Circus aeruginosus : Individual Variation in Hunting Performance and Number of Mates

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Altenburg, Wibe; Daan, Serge; Starkenburg, Jaap; Zijlstra, Menno

    1982-01-01

    1. Theories postulating that sexual task differentiation may lead to polygamy such that the sex investing the least effort in raising the offspring, engages in simultaneous matings, contrast with polygyny in raptors where the male provides most of the food for its females and nestlings. A field stud

  8. Maybe It's Not Too Late To Join the Circus: Books for Midlife Career Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harhai, Marilyn Kay

    2002-01-01

    Reviews 13 popular self-help books that cover various aspects of career management and provide information on which might be best suited for particular goals, including career change, career tune-up, and personal and professional self-evaluation. Comments reflect issues of interest to mid-career professionals. (Author/LRW)

  9. The sideshow or the circus? The role for public interest organisations at inquests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prictor, Megan

    2012-12-01

    Recent changes in coronial law in Australian jurisdictions have enabled inquests to adopt an expanded scope and have facilitated the participation of family members and other interested parties. Public interest bodies have increasingly sought to have input to coronial policy and practice. This article examines the involvement by public interest organisations in Australian inquests over recent years. These organisations adopt various roles in inquests, including the representation and support of family members of the deceased, and the pursuit of policy and legislative changes. A further role is that of participation in specific inquests as an "interested party", in order to provide relevant expertise, shape the scope of the inquiry, and illuminate systemic issues which may have contributed to a death. This article considers the legal framework for the involvement of public interest organisations, and critically reflects upon the main purposes and effects of such intervention.

  10. SEASONAL-VARIATION IN THE SEX-RATIO OF MARSH HARRIER CIRCUS-AERUGINOSUS BROODS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ZIJLSTRA, M; DAAN, S; BRUINENBERGRINSMA, J

    1992-01-01

    1. Analysis of the sexes of 2260 nestlings in 735 marsh harrier broods revealed an overall excess [sex ratio (SR) = 54.8%] of males, and a significant increase in the proportion of males with progressive laying date (d = day of the year): In [SR/(1-SR)] = -1.286 + 0.013 d. 2. We argue that it is lik

  11. Mixed clutches in Montagu's harrier Circus pygargus nests: a maladaptive brood parasitism by galliform birds

    OpenAIRE

    Talabante, Carlos; Gómez, Jesús; Aparicio, Alejandro; Arroyo, Beatriz

    2013-01-01

    Cases of mixed clutches in raptor nests are very scarce in the literature. Among279harrier nests monitored between 1991–1996 and 2010–2011 in two different areas of central Spain, quail eggs were found in one harrier nest, and 13 others contained partridge eggs. Harrier eggs were smaller in nests which contained galliformeggs, and therefore more similar in size and appearance to the foreign eggs, which maysuggest a maladaptative behaviour on the part of the galliforms

  12. Circus monkeys or change agents? Civil society advocacy for HIV/AIDS in adverse policy environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spicer, Neil; Harmer, Andrew; Aleshkina, Julia; Bogdan, Daryna; Chkhatarashvili, Ketevan; Murzalieva, Gulgun; Rukhadze, Natia; Samiev, Arnol; Walt, Gill

    2011-12-01

    This paper explores the factors enabling and undermining civil society efforts to advocate for policy reforms relating to HIV/AIDS and illicit drugs in three countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia: Georgia, Kyrgyzstan and Ukraine. It examines how political contexts and civil society actors' strengths and weaknesses inhibit or enable advocacy for policy change - issues that are not well understood in relation to specific policy areas such as HIV/AIDS, or particular regions of the world where national policies are believed to be major drivers of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The study is based on in-depth interviews with representatives of civil society organizations (CSOs) (n = 49) and national level informants including government and development partners (n = 22). Our policy analysis identified a culture of fear derived from concerns for personal safety but also risk of losing donor largesse. Relations between CSOs and government were often acrimonious rather than synergistic, and while we found some evidence of CSO collective action, competition for external funding - in particular for HIV/AIDS grants from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria was often divisive. Development partners and government tend to construct CSOs as service providers rather than advocates. While some advocacy was tolerated by governments, CSO participation in the policy process was, ultimately, perceived to be tokenistic. This was because there are financial interests in maintaining prohibitionist legislation: efforts to change punitive laws directed at the behaviors of minority groups such as injecting drug users have had limited impact.

  13. CIRCO Y POLÍTICA CULTURAL EN BUENOS AIRES / Circus and cultural policies in Buenos Aires

    OpenAIRE

    Julieta Infantino

    2015-01-01

    En este trabajo propongo analizar el lanzamiento de una política cultural de fomento  para las artes del circo en la ciudad de Buenos Aires, iniciada en 2009 a través del I Festival Internacional de Circo de Buenos Aires. A partir del estudio de la formulación e implementación de la política pública, presentaré algunas de las controversias que se desataron ante la intervención estatal en el campo artístico circense local en relación a ciertos conceptos clave: qué se entiende por políticas cul...

  14. Lions and Tigers and High-Wire Fliers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bang-Jensen, Valerie

    1987-01-01

    A primary/intermediate starter unit which explores circus life and history is presented. Activities range from constructing a circus time line beginning in ancient Rome to research on the treatment of animals by circuses. (MT)

  15. All This and Popcorn Too.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenner, Mildred Sandison

    1979-01-01

    Describes efforts of the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus Department of Educational Services to promote the integration of circus themes and activities into elementary school curricula. (CMV)

  16. Population trend and breeding biology of Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus in a natural vegetation site in northeast Spain

    OpenAIRE

    Limiñana, Rubén; Surroca Royo, Martín; Miralles, Stephan; Urios, Vicente; Jiménez, Juan (O.F.M.), trad

    2004-01-01

    Capsule: Reproductive output in a natural habitat was higher than in birds breeding in cereal crops, highlighting the importance of natural habitats for the species. Aims: To evaluate breeding in a natural habitat in inland Castellon province, Spain, and compare breeding parameters with other European populations. Methods: Breeding population size in inland Castellon was recorded between 1981 and 2003. A logistic growth model was used to describe population increase. We also calculated clu...

  17. Peculiarities of biotopic and altitude distribution of the marsh harrier Circus aeruginosus activity in the Steppe Dnieper region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Verner

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available State of the marsh harrier populations in steppeDnieperregion is under consideration. Altitude and biotopic distribution of the birds in the periods of migrations and nesting season are studied. Correlation between weather conditions and spatial distribution of the birds was found.

  18. The occurrence and distribution of cellulolytic fungi and Fusarium in seven Montagu’s Harrier (Circus pygargus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Korniłłowicz-Kowalska

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A total of 45 species of cellulolytic fungi and ten Fusarium species were identified. Three genera (Chaetomium, Trichoderma, Fusarium represented 80% of the frequency of cellulolytic fungi. Of them, Chaetomium globosum, Trichoderma viride and T. koningii were some of the most frequent species. A high differentiation of the richness and frequency of species of cellulolytic fungi depending on the nest and its individual layers was observed. Reasons for the differences in the frequency and species composition of the fungi were discussed.

  19. A METHOD FOR VIRTUAL ANASTYLOSIS: THE CASE OF THE ARCH OF TITUS AT THE CIRCUS MAXIMUS IN ROME

    OpenAIRE

    M. Canciani; C. Falcolini; BUONFIGLIO, M.; S. Pergola; M. Saccone; Mammì, B.; G. Romito

    2013-01-01

    This paper is the first report about the development of a methodology for the virtual Anastylosis of elements belonging to an archaeological site, based on the 3d modeling of fragments. This research is the result of the cooperation between Università Roma Tre, Dipartimento di Architettura and Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai Beni Culturali; several 3D survey, modeling, information systems and archaeology experts were involved. The purpose of the research was to study the complex and str...

  20. The basilica of Santa Leocadia and the end of use of the Roman Circus of Toledo: a new interpretation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep María GURT I ESPARRAGUERA

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Following the excavations of Prof. Pere Palol conducted in the early seventies in the Cristo de la Vega de Toledo, highlighted the existence of a late antique necropolis and a building in the area, which was associated with the location of the basilica of Santa Leocadia. The existence of this basilica and its constructive process are fundamental aspects of this study to examine one of the milestones of early Christianity in the city and its relationship with the Vega Baja of Toledo.

  1. The basilica of Santa Leocadia and the end of use of the Roman Circus of Toledo: a new interpretation

    OpenAIRE

    Gurt I Esparraguera, Josep María; Pilar DIARTE BLASCO

    2011-01-01

    A raíz de las excavaciones que el prof. Pere de Palol llevó a cabo en el Cristo de la Vega de Toledo a inicios de los años setenta del pasado siglo, se identificaron una necrópolis tardía y la traza de un edificio que, por su ubicación, se ha puesto en relación con el complejo de Santa Leocadia descrito por las fuentes escritas. La existencia o no de esta basílica en el lugar señalado y el proceso constructivo de la misma son aspectos fundamentales de este estudio para avanzar en el conocimie...

  2. Exclusão escolar e a criança de circo. School exclusion and the circus child

    OpenAIRE

    Xavier, Gláucia do Carmo; Santos, Anderson Avelino de Oliveira

    2009-01-01

    O presente artigo aborda a escolarização da criança artista de circo. O foco é a sua trajetória escolar sob o olhar de ações inclusivas ou excludentes por parte da escola. O objetivo desta pesquisa é investigar o cotidiano escolar dessas crianças e identificar os obstáculos existentes em relação à escolarização delas. A metodologia utilizada foi a entrevista com pais e estudantes de quatro circos visitantes em Belo Horizonte - MG. A pesquisa se desenvolveu em 2 anos e teve como resultado fina...

  3. Et fast greb i rebet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Degerbøl, Stine Mikés

    2012-01-01

    The article concerns the lived experiences of Clara practicing to become a contemporary circus artist. Clara’s narratives reflect contemporary circus as a movement pedagogical practice in relation to aesthetic learning and in relation to the aims of the circus performer education itself....... Furthermore her narratives provide a perspective on educational settings on the fringe of ordinary youth education. Firstly contemporary circus is presented as a counterculture to the traditional circus and secondly it describes how the development of contemporary circus as an art form influenced...

  4. From Outer Space to the Circus Tent. Science Fiction and the Problems of ’68 in Alexander Kluge’s »Die Ungläubige«

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirkland A. Fulk

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores Alexander Kluge’s forgotten work of science fiction Die Ungläubige , Kluge’s literary addendum to Die Artisten in der Zirkuskuppel: ratlos , and places it against the background of the aesthetic debates of 1968 and Kluge’s larger canon. Why did Kluge turn to science fiction at this particular time? How does this genre interrogate, expand on, or even challenge our understanding of Kluge and his aesthetic project, which in many ways cannot be thought apart from this pivotal period in German post-war history? Kluge’s text is at once a sharp critique of capitalist structures and a critical representation of utopian visions of the future, making the work an important piece of aesthetic, social and political commentary.

  5. Circo social e práticas educacionais não governamentais Social circus and non-governmental educacional practices

    OpenAIRE

    Lilia Lobo; Tiago Cassoli

    2006-01-01

    A pesquisa qualitativa em tela tenta analisar o circo social cujo objetivo refere-se à inclusão social de jovens das periferias através das artes do circo. Algumas práticas desenvolvidas por organizações educacionais não governamentais no contexto das políticas públicas neoliberais serviram-nos de recorte. Para tal selecionamos como referências teóricas a genealogia de Michel Foucault, o conceito nietzscheano de arte trágica, de cultura cômica popular em Bakhtin e de circo através de seus pes...

  6. Milton Nascimento: o circo como um lugar de memória cultural - Milton Nascimento: Circus as a place of cultural memory

    OpenAIRE

    Alberto Carlos de Souza

    2013-01-01

    http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1980-4512.2013n28p211   Trata-se de uma oficina de cultura de resistência realizada com 30 crianças de 10 anos de idade, estudantes de uma escola pública municipal de Vitória – ES, que teve como propósito celebrar o dia internacional do circo, 27 de março. Toda a produção estética desta oficina gira em torno da música “Circo Marimbondo”, de autoria de Milton Nascimento e Fernando Brant (1978) e consiste na elaboração de pictogramas de artistas circenses (dese...

  7. Violência como espetáculo: o pão, o sangue e o circo Violence as a show: bread, blood and circus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norberto Luiz Guarinello

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Tenho como objetivo, neste artigo, a análise da questão da violência na Roma Antiga - focalizando as lutas entre gladiadores. Tento desarticular idéias preconcebidas e juízos de valores que permeiam a historiografia sobre o tema. Ao mesmo tempo, elaboro paralelos com a violência contemporânea a partir do princípio de que a violência não é um conceito preciso, nem mesmo um termo cujo sentido permaneça igual no decorrer do processo histórico.This article aims at analyzing the issue of violence in Ancient Rome. With focus on gladiators games, the objective is to disarticulate preconceived ideas and judgments that are present in the historiography about the theme. At the same time, a parallel was drawn with the contemporary violence, based on the principle that violence is not a precise concept, neither a word with a sense that remains unchanged along the historic process.

  8. Fusion Science Theater Presents "The Amazing Chemical Circus": A New Model of Outreach that Uses Theater to Engage Children in Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerby, Holly Walter; Cantor, Joanne; Weiland, Marcia; Babiarz, Christopher; Kerby, Anne W.

    2010-01-01

    Demonstration shows are a popular form of chemical education outreach used to increase interest, engagement, and appreciation of chemistry. Although practitioners often include instructional elements, evaluation has been limited to children's attitudes toward science rather than their understanding of the underlying concepts presented. In 2006, we…

  9. Il pubblico di circo in Italia: il caso dell'acquatico Bellucci

    OpenAIRE

    Del Sarto, Alessio; Zanola, Roberto

    2007-01-01

    Although the cultural importance of circus, the economics of culture has neglected to address this topic. Two main reasons for this: first, cultural economics has (wrongly) considered circus as a minor performing arts; secondly, the difficulty to collect quantitative information on circus. This paper represents an attempt to fill this lack by analysing the characteristics of circus attendance. In particular, we submit 268 questionnaires to people attending Acquatico Bellucci. Descriptive stat...

  10. Il pubblico di circo in Italia: il caso dell'acquatico Bellucci

    OpenAIRE

    Del Sarto, Alessio; Zanola, Roberto

    2007-01-01

    Although the cultural importance of circus, the economics of culture has neglected to address this topic. Two main reasons for this: first, cultural economics has (wrongly) considered circus as a minor performing arts; secondly, the difficulty to collect quantitative information on circus. This paper represents an attempt to fill this lack by analysing the characteristics of circus attendance. In particular, we submit 268 questionnaires to people attending Acquatico Bellucci. Descriptive st...

  11. O circo em cada lugar : um lugar para o circo

    OpenAIRE

    Dias, Rui Tomé Vilaça Capa

    2013-01-01

    The subject of this essay focuses, essentially, on the circus implantation and aims to analyze not only the current practice, but also to speculate and imagine an ideal relationship between the circus and the places. The essay is divided into three main chapters: -The first chapter (The Circus) is a general introduction to the subject of the essay itself that contextualizes the reader into the circus “world” as far as its practice and history is concerned; -The second cha...

  12. A Vet and His Animals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳; 毛有春

    2002-01-01

    I was a vet(兽医) in a small town,but liked to work for a circus. Fortunately one day, I received a phone call from a manager of a certain circus. He wanted me to be in charge of his animals-all 700 of them! Then I could work in a circus!

  13. 26 CFR 49.4261-8 - Examples of payments not subject to tax.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) Circus or show conveyances. The amount paid pursuant to a contract for the movement of a circus or show conveyance where the amount covers only the transportation of the performers, laborers, animals, equipment..., etc., of circus or show scrip books, or other evidence of the right to transportation, for use...

  14. Harrier Circus biodiversity and its environment impact study in Shahu Nature Reserve in Hubei, China%沙湖自然保护区鹞属鸟类多样性及其影响因子

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗祖奎; 吴法清; 刘家武; 向国祥; 王天厚

    2009-01-01

    在湖北沙湖湿地自然保护区4a的调查中,发现鹞属Circus鸟类有白头鹞C.a.aeruginosus、白尾鹞C.c.cyaneus、白腹鹞C.s.spilonotus 3种,186条样线的调查中共记录到363只.方差分析表明,4a的鹞属鸟类年度间平均数差异不显著.比较鹞属鸟类秋、冬季节平均丰度表明,秋季显著高于冬季.对鹞属鸟类分别进行秋、冬季节同期平均数比较,均无显著性差异.不同生境间鹞属鸟类多样性平均数差异极显著,草甸>芦苇>水域>农田.3种鹞属鸟类的种间相遇概率及频率指数都是白尾鹞>白头鹞>白腹鹞.回归模型显示鹞属鸟类数量与环颈雉Phasianus colchicus的数量呈极显著正相关(r2 = 0.98,P <0.001).草甸面积变化对栖息于草甸的鹞属鸟类数量有极显著的影响.围网对鹞属鸟类在水域生境出现频次无显著影响.

  15. Participação social no campo da cultura e disputas simbólicas nas políticas culturais para o circo em Fortaleza (CE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jocastra Holanda Bezerra

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article seeks to understand the dynamics of social participation in the field of culture. It seeks to reflect about the plurality of identities and self-representations present in the circus segment, realizing how these are articulated, integrated or do not connect with each other in the sphere of participation in the cultural policies of the city of Fortaleza, Ceará. To reflect on these questions, we analyzed the discourses and the participation of agents of the circus sector on two occasions: in the construction of the proposal of the Municipal School of Circus and the formulation of the Sectorial Circus Plan in the city.

  16. 75 FR 53328 - Proposed Information Collection; OMB Control Number 1018-0093; Federal Fish and Wildlife License...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-31

    .../ 73 81 1 hour 81 Reimport of Circuses and Traveling Animal Exhibitions*. 3-200-30a/Export/Reexport of 64 69 30 minutes......... 35 Circuses and Traveling Animal Exhibitions Report. 3-200-31/Introduction... format. (8) FWS Form 3-200-85 (Establishment of a Master File for the Export of Live Captive-Bred...

  17. MICROPOLÍTICAS DAS PRÁTICAS COTIDIANAS: ETNOGRAFANDO UMA ORGANIZAÇÃO CIRCENSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josiane Silva de Oliveira

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we analyze how everyday practices can be understood from the micropolitical dimension of organizational processes. Theoretical discussions articulate dialogues between Michel Foucault and Michel de Certeau in studies of everyday practices, and Theodore Schatzki about organizations as practiced spaces. From an ethnography in a circus, with 25 years of existence, identify management practices that promoted the emergence of cultural producers and subject formation of associative networks with circus companies in consequence the existence of demand for artistic activities by the market. We also observed gestures of circus arts in political discussions about the reception of the public spectacles and circus training school and social projects carried out for the circus. Finally, we consider the organizational everyday as an area of practices that are micropoliticals in the midst of a normative management processes.

  18. Plaadid / Immo Mihkelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Immo, 1959-

    2002-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Robert Plant "Dreamfield", Roland Gift "Roland Gift", Joe Cocker "Respect Yourself", Piano Circus "Transmission", Tricky "A Ruff Guide", Jack Johnson "Brushfire Fairytales", Yann Tiersen "Amelie from Montmartre", Hall & Oates "The Essential Collection"

  19. Esimesed tsirkuse külastajad pettusid / Helgi Kaldma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldma, Helgi, 1933-2011

    2007-01-01

    Hansa Circus esines Viljandi turuplatsil etendusega "Idamaine muinasjutt". Probleemide tõttu piiriületamisel, ei näidatud väljakuulutatud eksootilisi loomartiste. Tsirkuse direktor lubas lisaetendusi

  20. 50 CFR 14.91 - When do I need an import/export license?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... an animal dealer, animal broker, pet dealer, or pet or laboratory supplier Yes. (5) As an individual... the United States to my home No. (16) As a circus for exhibition or resale purposes Yes. (17) As...

  1. Resultados de la intervención arqueológica de urgencia realizada en el Callejón del Galápago (Córdoba) 1988-1999

    OpenAIRE

    Vargas Cantos, Sonia; González Vírseda, Marina L.; Carmona Berenguer, Silvia; Ruiz Lara, María Dolores; Carrillo Díaz-Pines, José Ramón; Murillo Redondo, Juan Francisco; Moreno-Almenara, Maudilio

    2003-01-01

    This paper focus on the archaeological works held in the Galápago Lane in downtown Córdoba, which discovered the intermediate terrace that connected the Temple in Claudio Marcelo Street and the Circus at Orive Palace.

  2. Permanent genetic resources added to molecular ecology resources database 1 june 2011–31 july 2011

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barker, F. Keith; Bell, James J.; Bogdanowicz, Steven M.;

    2011-01-01

    This article documents the addition of 112 microsatellite marker loci and 24 pairs of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sequencing primers to the Molecular Ecology Resources Database. Loci were developed for the following species: Agelaius phoeniceus, Austrolittorina cincta, Circus cyaneus, Ci...

  3. El circo oriental de Colonia Patricia

    OpenAIRE

    Ventura Villanueva, Ángel; Murillo Redondo, Juan Francisco; Carmona Berenguer, Silvia; Carrillo Díaz-Pines, José Ramón; Jiménez Salvador, José Luis; Moreno-Almenara, Maudilio; Hidalgo Prieto, Rafael; Ruiz Lara, María Dolores

    2001-01-01

    The archaeological works held in the former Convent of San Pablo between 1992- 1999 documented a circus and a square that, together with the temple in Claudio Marcelo Street shaped an important architectural complex in Colonia Patricia whose closer parallel is the roman provincial forum from Tarraco. Chronologically the complex of Córdoba was designed during the reign of Claudius (Temple and Square), the northern steps of circus were built during the reign of Nero and the works probably finis...

  4. Trabajar como artista: Estrategias, prácticas y representaciones del trabajo artístico entre jóvenes artistas circenses Trabalhando como um artista: Estratégias, práticas e representações da trabalho artistico entre jovens artistas de circo Working as an artist: Strategies, practices and representations of artistic work among young circus artists

    OpenAIRE

    Julieta Infantino

    2011-01-01

    La persistencia del supuesto que coloca al arte como esfera diferencial y autónoma, ha provocado la invisibilización de la dimensión laboral de las prácticas artísticas asentando representaciones sociales dicotómicas acerca del arte y el trabajo. Consecuentemente, éste es un terreno poco explorado en el ámbito de las investigaciones sobre Juventud y Trabajo. No obstante, muchos artistas y muchos jóvenes trabajan desde el arte que realizan. A partir del caso de los artistas circenses en la ciu...

  5. Prácticas, representaciones y discursos de corporalidad: La ambigüedad en los cuerpos circenses Práticas, representações e discursos da corporalidade: A ambigüidade nos corpos do circo Practices, representations and discourses of the body: Ambiguity on circus bodies

    OpenAIRE

    Julieta Infantino

    2010-01-01

    En este artículo trabajaremos con las prácticas de los artistas circenses contemporáneos en la ciudad de Buenos Aires. Abordaremos los modos en los que la corporalidad se constituye en uno de los medios de expresión identitaria en tanto un grupo social puede componer, a través de sus experiencias corporales, sus propios estilos artísticos, su propia definición de práctica artístico-laboral, su propio cuerpo legítimo. Mostraremos la manera en que esos cuerpos pueden por momentos disputar y/o r...

  6. 2008 LHC Open Days Physics: the show

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    A host of events and activities await visitors to the LHC Open Days on 5 and 6 April. A highlight will be the physics shows funded by the European Physical Society (EPS), which are set to surprise and challenge children and adults alike! School children use their experience of riding a bicycle to understand how planets move around the sun (Copyright : Circus Naturally) Participating in the Circus Naturally show could leave a strange taste in your mouth! (Copyright : Circus Naturally) The Rino Foundation’s experiments with liquid nitrogen can be pretty exciting! (Copyright: The Rino Foundation)What does a bicycle have in common with the solar system? Have you ever tried to weigh air or visualise sound? Ever heard of a vacuum bazooka? If you want to discover the answers to these questions and more then come to the Physics Shows taking place at the CERN O...

  7. New Records of Raptors in Eastern Kazakhstan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna N. Barashkova

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In this article we describe our data on observations of birds of prey in Eastern-Kazakhstan Upland and Northern Balkhash Lake area collected mostly in 2013, May–June and September, and also in 2012, March and May. In total we have recorded 15 species of birds of prey: Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis, Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos, Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca, Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus, Short-Toed Eagle (Circaetus gallicus, Long-Legged Buzzard (Buteo rufinus, Black-Eared Kite (Milvus migrans lineatus, Pallid Harrier (Circus macrourus, Montagu’s Harrier (Circus pygargus, Western Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus, Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus, Saker Falcon (Falco cherrug, Steppe Merlin (Falco columbarius pallidus, Lesser and Common Kestrels (Falco naumanni, F. tinnunculus, and also 4 owl species: Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo, Short-Eared Owl (Asio flammeus, Little Owl (Athene noctua, and Scops Owl (Otus scops. Nesting peculiarities (data on nests' locations and breeding are described for some species.

  8. Atomizer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fixed stereo electroacoustic music, included in Robert Voisey’s (Curator) VoxNovus 60×60 Dance, 60×60 2010 International Mix and 60×60 Sanguine Mix projects. Performed internationally, including Stratford Circus, London, UK. Full performance listings and press available online.......Fixed stereo electroacoustic music, included in Robert Voisey’s (Curator) VoxNovus 60×60 Dance, 60×60 2010 International Mix and 60×60 Sanguine Mix projects. Performed internationally, including Stratford Circus, London, UK. Full performance listings and press available online....

  9. Samuel Beckett’s Humour

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chemi, Tatiana

    where does Beckett take his inspiration for his tragicomic characters and plots? Is it possible to talk about humour at all? This essay shows the textual evidence of Beckett using archetypes from different forms for comedy as circus, comic film, pantomime, Irish comedy.......where does Beckett take his inspiration for his tragicomic characters and plots? Is it possible to talk about humour at all? This essay shows the textual evidence of Beckett using archetypes from different forms for comedy as circus, comic film, pantomime, Irish comedy....

  10. The Multi-age Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowling, Deborah C.

    2003-01-01

    Presents strategies for planning lessons for home-schoolers, science circuses, and summer science programs with multi-age groups of children. Suggests a spiraling curriculum centered on big ideas and varying a common activity in mixed-ability classrooms. Includes examples of activities for multi-age groups. (KHR)

  11. 75 FR 21781

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-26

    ... animals and vectors into the United States (42 CFR parts 71, subpart F). Timetable: Action Date FR Cite... new provisions to address NHPs imported as part of a circus or trained animal act, NHPs imported by... medical associations, animal health organizations, and pet food manufacturers. Timetable: Action Date...

  12. How Mosquitoes Walk on Water and Up Walls

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Andrea; Thompson; 施小英

    2007-01-01

    Mosquitoes may be annoying,disease-carrying, blood-sucking pests,but they have a pair of talents that no other animal has:They can both walk up walls and walk on water,and a new study reveals exactly how they manage these circus feats.

  13. 75 FR 27814 - Receipt of Applications for Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-18

    ... in the Zoological Society of San Diego's original permit. Applicant: George Carden Circus... education. The permit numbers and animals are: 070854, Bimbo Jr.; 079868, Vickie; 079870, Jenny; 079871... FR 9251). We made an error and neglected to report one species from which specimens would be...

  14. 76 FR 677 - Requirements for Importers of Nonhuman Primates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-05

    ..., requirements for NHP imports as part of a circus or trained animal act or a zoo-to-zoo or laboratory-to... imported as part of a trained animal act; NHPs imported or transferred by zoological societies; The... and reporting? L. What are the requirements for animals acts; zoo-to-zoo transfers; and...

  15. Double the Benefits: Use Museum Collections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ory, Norma R.

    1984-01-01

    A project for elementary school children based on a museum's collection of Alexander Calder's art is described. After studying Calder's works of art, students created their own three-dimensional stabiles, molded clay into animals, and made circus figures from cork, fabric, yarn, and colored paper. (RM)

  16. Music Curriculum for Kindergarten.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picht, Harriet

    This kindergarten music curriculum provides a year-long program of a sequenced series of activities designed to develop music concepts. Topics of the units in this guide are: self-concept (beginning of the year), fall, Halloween, Thanksgiving, Christmas, winter, a circus, Valentine's Day, spring, and farms. A scope and sequence chart of concepts…

  17. 75 FR 23279 - Receipt of Applications for Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-03

    ...: Tarzan Zerbini Circus, Webb City, MO; PRT 065145, 065146, 065149 The applicant request permits to re... purpose of enhancement of the species through conservation education. The permit numbers and animals are... animals are 069429, Ivory and 069443, Crystal. This notification covers activities to be conducted by...

  18. 75 FR 73118 - Information Collection Sent To the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for Approval; OMB...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-29

    ... approved collection. Description of Respondents: Individuals; biomedical companies; circuses; zoological...) FWS Form 3-200-85 (Master File for the Export of Live Captive- bred Animals (CITES)). Applicants... Register (75 FR 53328) a notice of our intent to request that OMB approve this information collection....

  19. Pop / Erkki Tero

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tero, Erkki

    2007-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Heiki Mätlik ja Andres Uibo "Spectrum. Estonian music for guitar and organ", Fall Out Boy "Infinity on High", The Ponys "Turn the Lights Out", Elton John "Rocket Man. The Definitive Hits", Rotting Christ "Theogonia", Machine Head "The Blackening", The Bluetones "BBC Radio Sessions", John Cale "Circus Live", Spirit Catcher "Night Vision"

  20. 19 CFR 10.66 - Articles exported for temporary exhibition and returned; horses exported for horse racing and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... animals of foreign origin taken abroad for exhibition in connection with a circus or menagerie, a copy of an inventory of these animals filed prior to their leaving the country with the director of the port... livestock or other animals, exported for temporary exhibition and returned and claimed to be exempt...

  1. 75 FR 79763 - Regulatory Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-20

    ... the regulations and add new provisions to address NHPs imported as part of a circus or trained animal... 318 Import Tolerances for Residues of Unapproved New Animal Drugs in Food 0910-AF78 319 Laser Products... Controls for Animal Feed Ingredients and Mixed Animal Feed 0910-AG10 322 Over-the-Counter (OTC) Drug...

  2. 9 CFR 1.1 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... term includes carnivals, circuses, animal acts, zoos, and educational exhibits, exhibiting such animals... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Definitions. 1.1 Section 1.1 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  3. Department of Health and Human Services Semiannual Regulatory Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-20

    ... the regulations and add new provisions to address NHPs imported as part of a circus or trained animal... 318 Import Tolerances for Residues of Unapproved New Animal Drugs in Food 0910-AF78 319 Laser Products... Controls for Animal Feed Ingredients and Mixed Animal Feed 0910-AG10 322 Over-the-Counter (OTC) Drug...

  4. Animafilminduse algusotsast 1 / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2007-01-01

    Maailma esimestest animafilmidest : Albert Smith'i "The Humpty Dumty Circus" (USA, 1898), esimene joonisfilm "Naljakate nägude humoorikad ilmed" (Humorous Phases of Funny Faces") - looja Stuart Blackton (USA, 1906). Esimese joonisseriaali kangelase Fantosche'i lõi Prantsusmaal 1909.a. Emile Cohl

  5. 76 FR 65527 - Habitat Conservation Plan/Natural Community Conservation Plan for Yolo County, CA: Environmental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-21

    ..., the permittee(s) would receive assurances for all plant and animal species covered by the HCP on non... hawk (Buteo swainsoni), northern harrier (Circus cyaneus), white-tailed kite (Elanus leucurus... the continued existence of any listed plant or animal species or destroying or adversely modifying...

  6. 75 FR 2561 - Receipt of Applications for Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-15

    ... Lympne Wild Animal Park, Lympne, Hythe, Kent, UK for the purpose of enhancement of the survival of the species. Applicant: George Carden Circus Intl., Inc., Springfield, MO, PRT- 080831 The applicant requests... conservation education. The permit numbers and animals are: 080731, Jazz; 716917, Betty. This...

  7. 77 FR 76809 - Submission of Itineraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-31

    ... regulations is to ensure that true traveling exhibitors such as carnivals, circuses, animal acts, traveling... / Monday, December 31, 2012 / Rules and Regulations#0;#0; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service 9 CFR Part 2 RIN 0579-AD03 Submission of Itineraries AGENCY: Animal and...

  8. Argumentative Writing in Pre-Adolescents: The Role of Verbal Reasoning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nippold, Marilyn A.; Ward-Lonergan, Jeannene M.

    2010-01-01

    Argumentative writing is a challenging communication task that calls upon sophisticated cognitive and linguistic abilities. Pre-adolescents (n = 80; mean age = 11;10; range = 10;6-13:5) were asked to write an argumentative essay on the controversial topic of training animals to perform in circuses. Additionally, they were asked to solve a set of…

  9. Fashion Design: Designing a Learner-Active, Multi-Level High School Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Diane

    2009-01-01

    A high school fashion design teacher has much in common with the ringmaster of a three-ring circus. The challenges of teaching a hands-on course are to facilitate the entire class and to meet the needs of individual students. When teaching family and consumer sciences, the goal is to have a learner-active classroom. Revamping the high school's…

  10. Mapping Legitimation of Civic Engagement through Undergrad, Graduate, and Faculty Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Blasio, Gregory G.; Woeste, Emma

    2013-01-01

    The authors provide a framework for understanding the process of legitimation and the status of legitimacy as it applies to civic engagement and community-based initiatives. They apply their own case study experience with a social circus organization as an example of how legitimation occurs during the practice of civic engagement. The authors…

  11. International Exchanges as a Learning Tool

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Austring, Bennye Düranc; Schlüntz, Ditte Annette

    2016-01-01

    The project focused on the learning outcome of three one-week camps in Latvia, Denmark and Poland, where about 40 8th grade students each place were working with art based activities like dance, song writing, DJ'ing and circus. Especially these six objectives were measured on: Foreign language...

  12. Readathon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraus, Howard F.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    What do a circus, a gold mine, karate, and Bigfoot have to do with reading? They're four of the 42 ways to get your kids into books. Prepared especially for Children's Book Week, "READATHON" is loaded with all kinds of ideas. (Editor)

  13. Daily energy expenditure of male and female Marsh Harrier nestlings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Riedstra, Bernd; Dijkstra, Cornelis; Daan, Serge

    1998-01-01

    We used the doubly labeled water (DLW) method to measure daily energy expenditure (DEE) in eight brother-sister pairs of free-living Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus) nestlings. We calculated metabolizable energy intake (ME) from DEE and body-mass change. In each pair, males had lower body mass, DE

  14. Juggling Makes Physics Fun

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Charles

    2008-01-01

    We all hope our classrooms don't take on a circus-like atmosphere, but juggling can be an engaging way to introduce elementary physics to students. The very act of tossing and catching objects can help students to understand the basic physical principles involved in rotating a set of objects. This article suggests a variety of simple hands-on…

  15. 50 CFR 23.23 - What information is required on U.S. and foreign CITES documents?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. Copies of CITES' Guidelines... research (including biomedical research) N Reintroduction or introduction into the wild P Personal Q Circus... of ownership, introduction-from-the-sea certificate, pre-Convention certificate, sample...

  16. Experimental and numerical stability investigations on natural circulation boiling water reactors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marcel, C.P.

    2007-01-01

    The stability of natural circulation boiling water reactors is investigated with a strong emphasis on experiments. Two different facilities are used for such a task: the GENESIS facility (to which a void reactivity feedback system is artificially added) and the CIRCUS facility. In addition, numerica

  17. The helminth fauna of birds of prey (Accipitriformes, Falconiformes and Strigiformes) in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borgsteede, F.H.M.; Okulewicz, A.; Zoun, P.E.F.; Okulewicz, J.

    2003-01-01

    Eighteen species of birds of prey in Netherlands were examined for helminth parasites: Accipitriformes - Accipiter gentilis (15 birds), A. nisus (9), Aquila pomarina (1), Buteo buteo (56), B. lagopus (4), Circaetus gallicus (2), Circus aeruginosus (2), C. cyaneus (3), Pernis apivorus (5); Falconifor

  18. A Comparison of English Language Acquisition Patterns in English Monolingual and Bilingual Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glad, Diana; And Others

    English monolingual and Spanish/English bilingual children in kindergarten and first grade in 11 states were administered two tests from the EL CIRCO (CIRCUS) battery. The purpose of the study was to determine comparative acquisition of English grammar for kindergarteners and first graders and for bilingual and English monolingual children. Data…

  19. Should Jose Be Tested In Spanish?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardy, Roy

    To prepare for the national norming of El Circo (the Spanish-language equivalent of the Circus Assessment Battery) three research questions were posed. First, will the presentation of test instructions in both English and Spanish significantly increase achievement? Second, what level of language competency is necessary for valid use of the various…

  20. Validation of RELAP5 with sensitivity analysis for uncertainty assessment for natural circulation two-phase flow instability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper focuses on assessment of the capability of RELAP5 to predict natural circulation two-phase flow instability. The aim of this study is to identify needs for improvements of the code models. Experimental data from the low pressure CIRCUS facility was used for the code validation. The paper discusses the code validation procedure which combines separate and integral effect validation with the elements of the input errors propagation method for sensitivity analysis. The separate effect validation and 'transparent box' approach to the experimental system helps to identify main sources of experimental data uncertainty. The paper also discusses modifications provided in the new series of experiments to reduce the experimental uncertainty. Finally, the paper comes up with the conclusions about uncertainty in the RELAP5 prediction for different regimes of two-phase oscillatory flows in the CIRCUS facility and necessity for the models improvements. (author)

  1. 'Seeming Would Be Quite Enough' : Melodrama and Authenticity in 'Little Dorrit'

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    ‘Seeming Would Be Quite Enough’ explores theatrical expressions in Little Dorrit (1855-1857) by Charles Dickens. The many borrowings from entertainment culture, ranging from Punch and Judy to circus, add greatly to the impression of a remarkably many-faceted text. Fictive entertainers of four other novels, Nicholas Nickleby, The Old Curiosity Shop, Hard Times and Great Expectations are studied as representatives of various theatre forms of Dickens’s time, but they also display the author’s co...

  2. Architectural Critique

    OpenAIRE

    Mee, Alan

    2014-01-01

    The Gardiner estate is tantilisingly close to the proposed development of a university campus at Grangegorman, which will be almost two thirds of its size, and one wonders how these lost lands might have developed in the past if the proposed Royal Circus, planned to be located just a few minutes walk away, had been realised. As it transpired, Dublin’s greatest leap forward in urban terms faded before this could happen, and the north side of the city fell into decline.

  3. Advertising co-creation and the engagement factor

    OpenAIRE

    Melo, Ana Duarte; Balonas, Sara

    2013-01-01

    In 2009, McDonald's launched a new interactive sign at Picadilly Circus, one of the most visited places in London. There, passers-by could interact with moving images displayed on McDonald's giant LED screen. Visitors could take an interactive role at one of London's most photographed locations. The interactive sign has displayed several pictures in motion, with objects chosen to be in interaction with people: an umbrella, a birthday cake with candles, a balloon, a football, among others. P...

  4. Osteria della Fontana

    OpenAIRE

    Ferrante, Cristina

    2015-01-01

    Sappiamo da Livio che la confederazione ernica si riuniva in un posto indicato come il circus maritimum, che doveva essere situato presso Anagni ed era probabilmente collegato con un santuario (Liv. 9, 42, 11: … concilium populorum omnium habentibus Anagninis in circo quem Maritimun vocant, praeter Aletrinatem Ferentinatemque et Verulanum omnes Hernici nominis populo Romano bellum indixerunt. «Avendo gli Anagnini convocato il concilio di tutte le genti erniche nel circo che chiamano Marittimo...

  5. Do animals have an interest in liberty?

    OpenAIRE

    Cochrane, Alasdair

    2009-01-01

    Proponents of justice for animals often argue that non-human animals have an interest in liberty. Furthermore, they usually claim that this animal interest in liberty is intrinsic rather than instrumental; that is to say, liberty is regarded to be good for animals in itself, irrespective of its contribution to the achievement of other goods, such as pleasure. For this reason they argue that legislating to improve welfare standards in zoos, circuses, laboratories and agriculture is inadequate....

  6. Modelling Hen Harrier Dynamics to Inform Human-Wildlife Conflict Resolution: A Spatially-Realistic, Individual-Based Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Heinonen, Johannes P. M.; Palmer, Stephen C.F.; Redpath, Steve M.; Travis, Justin M. J.

    2014-01-01

    Individual-based models have gained popularity in ecology, and enable simultaneous incorporation of spatial explicitness and population dynamic processes to understand spatio-temporal patterns of populations. We introduce an individual-based model for understanding and predicting spatial hen harrier (Circus cyaneus) population dynamics in Great Britain. The model uses a landscape with habitat, prey and game management indices. The hen harrier population was initialised according to empirical ...

  7. Los caminos del clown: resistencia en movimiento. Juego, carnaval y frontera Clown's Way: resistance in movement. Play, Carnival and Frontier

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Diz Reboredo

    2011-01-01

    Through the clown's way we will look around the play logic in culture, or the culture seeing as a play itself. From an ethnographical and experimental approach to the clown and circus's world we will use this text to understand the different forms of resistance that are emerging in the postmodern era from the most intimate spheres, from the common that we all share. Clown's way will bring us from the big top to the street, from the private familiar side to the public and ...

  8. Planned experimental studies on natural-circulation and stability performance of boiling water reactors in four experimental facilities and first results (NACUSP)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within the 5th Euratom framework programme the NACUSP project focuses on natural-circulation and stability characteristics of Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs). This paper gives an overview of the research to be performed. Moreover, it shows the first results obtained by one of the four experimental facilities involved. Stability boundaries are given for the low-power low-pressure operating range, measured in the CIRCUS facility. The experiments are meant to serve as a future validation database for thermohydraulic system codes to be applied for the design and operation of BWRs

  9. Muusika : Juubelikontserdid "ERSO 75". Tüür uuel CD-l. Muusikakonverentsid Tallinnas. Highlightsi festivalist "Eduard Tubin ja tema aeg". Hermanni päev / Vardo Rumessen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rumessen, Vardo, 1942-2015

    2001-01-01

    ERSO saab detsembris 75. aastaseks ja sel puhul on kavas kontserdid nii Tartus kui Tallinnas. Ansambel Piano Circus on välja antud uue CD, millele annab nime avateos ئ Erkki-Sven Tüüri "Transmission". Eesti Muusikateaduse Selts korraldab 3.XII EMA-s sümpoosioni teemal Beethoveni muusika. 1. ja 2. XII EMA-s toimub konverents "Interpretatsioonipedagoogika probleeme II". Põhjamaade muusikaajakirja Highlights XI numbris ilmus ülevaade rahvusvahelisest muusikafestivalist "Eduard Tubin ja tema aeg". Eesti teatri- ja muusikamuuseumis toimub helilooja, ajakirjaniku, muusika- ja keeleteadlase, dr. Karl August Hermanni päev

  10. "We live on earth : rotating systems" : performance by J. Jarosz (PL) done at the Physics on Stage Festival

    CERN Document Server

    CERN Audiovisual Service

    2000-01-01

    Part of the Physics on Stage Festival (04-10 November 2000). During this event, the national competion winners, science teachers, science communicators, publishers, top scientists and high-level representatives of the ministries and European organisations will brainstorm future solutions to bolster physics' popularity. The programme will also include spectacular demonstrations of new educational tools; the best will be disseminated over the national TV networks and other media to the European public. A the end of the film, Dutch Performance by The Eindhoven Circus of Physics, Prof. De Waele from the Eindhoven University of Technology

  11. Salida de campo a Fuensaldaña (Valladolid) el 7 de septiembre de 1952

    OpenAIRE

    Valverde Gómez, José Antonio, 1926-2003

    2008-01-01

    Salida de campo a Fuensaldaña (Valladolid) el 7 de septiembre de 1952, de la que se anotaron observaciones sobre la ausencia de murciélagos y las siguientes aves: Anthus campestris (Bisbita campestre), Burhinus oedicnemus (Alcaraván común), Calandrella sp. (Terrera), Circus cyaneus (Aguilucho pálido), Columba sp. (Paloma), Coracias garrulus (Carraca europea, también llamada Azulejo por el autor), Corvus monedula (Grajilla, llamada Coloeus por el autor), Coturnix coturnix (Codorniz común), Del...

  12. Addressing the final consumer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Market economy structures for the gas supply in the new Laender now being established, the next task is to secure the future for natural gas supply companies. This forms the background to the present constribution on natural gas marketing with a special emphasis on natural gas advertising in 1994. The device industry and skilled trades are considered particularly important partners. Adverts and posters alone will not do the job. For this reason, futher media are being developed such as an ''infomobile'', a natural gas circus, and fairs and exhibitions. (BWI)

  13. Addressing the final consumer. Die Ansprache der Endverbraucher

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zoellner, W. (Verbundnetz Gas AG, Boehlitz-Ehrenberg (Germany). Marketing)

    Market economy structures for the gas supply in the new Laender now being established, the next task is to secure the future for natural gas supply companies. This forms the background to the present constribution on natural gas marketing with a special emphasis on natural gas advertising in 1994. The device industry and skilled trades are considered particularly important partners. Adverts and posters alone will not do the job. For this reason, futher media are being developed such as an ''infomobile'', a natural gas circus, and fairs and exhibitions. (BWI)

  14. Events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor V. Karyakin

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The 9th ARRCN Symposium 2015 was held during 21st–25th October 2015 at the Novotel Hotel, Chumphon, Thailand, one of the most favored travel destinations in Asia. The 10th ARRCN Symposium 2017 will be held during October 2017 in the Davao, Philippines. International Symposium on the Montagu's Harrier (Circus pygargus «The Montagu's Harrier in Europe. Status. Threats. Protection», organized by the environmental organization «Landesbund für Vogelschutz in Bayern e.V.» (LBV was held on November 20-22, 2015 in Germany. The location of this event was the city of Wurzburg in Bavaria.

  15. Performing digital multiple perspectives on a living archive

    CERN Document Server

    Carlin, David; Deegan, Marilyn, Professor; Hughes, Lorna, Professor; Short, Harold, Mr; Prescott, Andrew, Professor

    2016-01-01

    Digital technologies have transformed archives in every area of their form and function, and as technologies mature so does their capacity to change our understanding and experience of material and performative cultural production. There has been an exponential explosion in the production and consumption of video online and yet there is a scarcity of knowledge and cases about video and the digital archive. This book seeks to address that through the lens of the project Circus Oz Living Archive. This project provides the case study foundation for the articulation of the issues, challenges and

  16. Caligo ac tenebra in circo (SHA. Comm. 16.2)

    OpenAIRE

    Requena Jiménez, Miguel

    2014-01-01

    A detailed analiysis of a prodigious episode collected in the Vita Commodi of the Historia Augusta in which is narrated the darkening of the Circus during the January calends (SHA. Comm. 16.2), helps us to know the ideological program of legitimation developed during the reign of the Emperor Commodus Antoninus (176-192 AD), as well as the posible popular reflect of itself. This analysis also let us to propose an improved Latin translation of the term caligo with the sense of 'smoke', instead ...

  17. El niño eterno: un acercamiento mítico al personaje Charlot

    OpenAIRE

    Silveira dos Santos, Daniela

    2011-01-01

    Este trabajo pretende realizar un acercamiento mítico al personaje cómico Charlot a través de un análisis de los cinco largometrajes realizados por Charles Chaplin teniendo como protagonista el vagabundo: El chico (The kid, 1921), La quimera del oro (The gold rush, 1925), El circo (The circus, 1928), Luces de la ciudad (City lights, 1931) y Tiempos modernos (Modern times,1936). Buscaremos ampliar la comprensión de este personaje a través de la figura arquetípica del “niño eterno” – el puer ae...

  18. Vespignani, Giorgio, Iппoδρoμoς. Il circo di Costantinopoli nuova Roma dalla realtà alla storiografia, Fondazione Centro Italiano di Studi sull"Alto Medioevo, Spoleto, 2010, 303 páginas. ISBN: 978 88-7988-197-5

    OpenAIRE

    Jiménez Sánchez, Juan Antonio

    2010-01-01

    "El Circo Máximo es su templo, su hogar, su asamblea y la esperanza de todos sus deseos" (AmmiAnvs mArc., Res gest., XXVIII, 4, 29: eisque templum et habitaculum et contio et cupitorum spes omnis Circus est maximus). De este modo describió el historiador Amiano Marcelino, hacia el 382/397, la pasión que la plebe de Roma sentía hacia los espectáculos, especialmente hacia los ludi circenses. Se trata de una afición que se fue incrementando a lo largo de toda la historia del Imperio Romano, hast...

  19. Septicaemia secondary to infection by Corynebacterium macginleyi in an Indian python (Python molurus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez, Jorge; Segura, Pablo; García, David; Aduriz, Gorka; Ibabe, José C; Peris, Bernardo; Corpa, Juan M

    2006-09-01

    A seven-year-old female Indian python (Python molurus) weighing about 35kg was euthanased after several clinical episodes of stomatitis, pneumonia, ophthalmitis and dystocia over a period of four years. The animal had been maintained in a terrarium in a circus truck at an adequate temperature. During shows, however, the snake was considered to be exposed to stressful conditions for several hours at a time at low temperatures and with noise and bright lights. A post-mortem examination indicated ulcerative stomatitis, osteomyelitis, severe pneumonia and numerous granulomata and multifocal necrosis in stomach and spleen. Corynebacterium macginleyi was isolated in pure culture from the ulcerative stomatitis, and mixed with Stenotrophomonas maltophilia from the lungs and spleen. The findings indicated that the snake had died from a septicaemic process caused by C. macginleyi, probably originating from the stomatitis. The role of S. maltophilia as a secondary agent is discussed. The stress of the circus show and poor husbandry may have predisposed the animal to infection and septicaemia. This is the first report of C. macginleyi causing disease in a snake.

  20. Viviendas, en Finsbury, Londres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skinner - Bailey - Lubetkin, Arquitectos

    1957-11-01

    Full Text Available Según el Acta de Conservación de Plazas Londinenses, el área de estos espacios abiertos debe ser protegida o, en caso contrario, prever una superficie equivalente en un lugar adecuado. En nuestro caso, la construcción de un bloque distribuido en tres alas, alrededor de un espacioso hall de entrada con la escalera y ascensor, hace imposible la conservación del espacio verde rectangular en el centro de la plaza Holford; sin embargo, se ha previsto un área equivalente en la zona oeste del solar, en la que se añadirá un grupo escolar. Este nuevo parque público tendrá un acceso principal desde Percy Circus y puede considerarse como una continuación del parque municipal. Además del bloque principal en Y, hay un edificio pequeño de cuatro plantas, con alzados a Percy Circus y a la calle de Great Percy.

  1. Prediction of Flow Regimes and Thermal Hydraulic Parameters in Two-Phase Natural Circulation by RELAP5 and TRACE Codes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viet-Anh Phung

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In earlier study we have demonstrated that RELAP5 can predict flow instability parameters (flow rate, oscillation period, temperature, and pressure in single channel tests in CIRCUS-IV facility. The main goals of this work are to (i validate RELAP5 and TRACE capabilities in prediction of two-phase flow instability and flow regimes and (ii assess the effect of improvement in flow regime identification on code predictions. Most of the results of RELAP5 and TRACE calculation are in reasonable agreement with experimental data from CIRCUS-IV. However, both codes misidentified instantaneous flow regimes which were observed in the test with high speed camera. One of the reasons for the incorrect identification of the flow regimes is the small tube flow regime transition model in RELAP5 and the combined bubbly-slug flow regime in TRACE. We found that calculation results are sensitive to flow regime boundaries of RELAP5 which were modified in order to match the experimental data on flow regimes. Although the flow regime became closer to the experimental one, other predicted thermal hydraulic parameters showed larger discrepancy with the experimental data than with the base case calculations where flow regimes were misidentified.

  2. Nest occupation and prey grabbing by saker falcon (Falco cherrug on power lines in the province of Vojvodina (Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puzović S.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Research on nest occupation and prey grabbing by saker falcon (Falco cherrug on power lines in Vojvodina (Serbia was done in the period from 1986 to 2004. During three specially analyzed periods, saker falcon took the nests of raven (Corvus corax in 91% of a total of 22 cases of nest occupation, and those of hooded crow (Corvus corone cornix in only 9%. Saker falcon regularly grabs prey from different birds that occasionally or constantly spend time around power lines [Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus, hobby (Falco subbuteo, hooded crow (Corvus corone cornix, jack-daw (Corvus monedula, marsh harrier (Circus aeruginosus, hen harrier (Circus cyaneus, buzzard (Buteo buteo, and raven (Corvus corax]. One year a studied pair of saker falcons on a power line in Donji Srem, Serbia grabbed prey from five different species of birds. Out of a total of 40 cases of prey grabbing in the period from January to December, as much 70% of the grabbed prey was taken from kestrel (Falco tinnunculus. During the winter and early spring, prey was grabbed predominantly by males; after May, prey was sometimes grabbed by females as well. Most of the grabbed prey was common vole (Microtus arvalis.

  3. Two late-Glacial avifaunas from eastern North Island, New Zealand : Te Aute Swamp and Wheturau Quarry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Late-Glacial faunas from Wheturau Quarry near Gisborne and Te Aute, near Napier, North Island, New Zealand, are described and radiocarbon dates presented. These faunas suggest that the eastern North Island was covered in open shrubland until 10,500 years BP. There were significant changes in the fauna of the eastern North Island during the Early Holocene, when the dominant moa species was replaced; the key species Cnemiornis gracilis disappeared from the fauna; and others, such as Euryanas finschi became scarce. The Wheturau fauna includes the largest collection of Cnemiornis gracilis bones yet found, and a storm petrel that may be Oceanites maorianus, named from three skins collected last century off Banks Peninsula. The Te Aute site is notable for the large number of moa bones preserved, especially Euryapteryx curtus and Dinonnis giganteus. It is also the type locality for Diornis gazella Oliver, Cnermiornis gracilis Forbes, Circus teauteensis Forbes, Circus hamiltoni Forbes, and Phalacrocorax novaezealandiae var. major Forbes. The record of Harpagornis moorei from Te Aute is shown to have been an error in identification by Hamilton, and Harpagornis is therefore unknown in the North Island. (author). 41 refs., 3 figs., 6 tabs

  4. O corpo como princípio The body as principle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Fernando Bolognesi

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available A matéria-prima do espetáculo de circo é o corpo do artista, ora sublime, ora grotesco. O corpo sublime, no chão ou nas alturas, desafia, em forma de espetáculo, as leis naturais. No momento seguinte, o espetáculo é "interrompido" e o público é acometido pela descontração e pelo grotesco dos palhaços. O espetáculo circense, assim, se desloca, com facilidade e maestria, entre o riso e a morte.The raw material of the circus show is the artist's body, as something at times sublime, at times grotesque. The sublime body, on the floor or in the heights, challenges, as a sort of spectacle, the laws of nature. Afterwards, the show is "interrupted" and the public is invaded by the relaxation and the grotesquerie of the clowns. The circus show thus moves, with ease and mastery, between laughter and death.

  5. Milton Nascimento: El circo como lugar de resistencia cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Carlos de Souza

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Oficina de cultura de resistencia realizada con 27 niños de 10 años de edad, Estudiantes de una escuela pública municipal de Vitoria – ES, y que tuvo como propósito celebrar El Día Internacional Del Circo, El 27 de marzo. Toda La producción estética de dicha oficina giro en torno de la música “Circo Marimbondo”, de La autoria de Milton Nascimento y Fernando Brant (1978 y consto con la  elaboración de pictografías de artistas circenses (dibujo con masa de modelar, a partir de la pregunta rectora ¿“Quienes son esos marimbondos, de quien tanto habla la música?” Los marimbondos fueron representados por los niños principalmente como figura artistas fantásticos como: payasos, bailarinas, hombres bala, trapecista, y la mujer barbuda o mujer gorila. El taller finalizo con La presentación de toda la producción estética para la familia de aquellos niños. Palabras Clave: Milton Nascimento, Música Popular Brasilera, Cultura de resistencia.__________________Abstract:Workshop by culture of resistance carried out with 27 children from 10 years old, students at a local public school in Vitória - ES, which aimed to celebrate the International Day Circus on March 27. All the aesthetic production of the workshop revolved around the song Circus Wasp, by Milton Nascimento and Fernando Brant (1978 and consisted elaboration of pictography of circus artists (drawing with clay modeling , from question: "Who are these wasps whose music speaks so much?" The wasps were represented mainly by children like it features amazing artists as: clowns, dancers, man bullet, trapeze artists, and bearded woman or female gorilla. The workshop culminated with the presentation of the whole aesthetic production to the family of those children.Keywords: Milton Nascimento, Brazilian Popular Music, Culture of resistance.

  6. Coliseo de Jacksonville, (U.S.A.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryad Fisher, G.

    1966-04-01

    Full Text Available This hall has room for 1,200 spectators, sitting down, and is suitable for holding wrestling, boxing and other similar sporting activities, also conventions, lectures, industrial exhibitions, festivals, circus, skating spectacles and other performances. The roof of this hall is its most significant feature, and also the manner of arrangement of the seats, which makes it possible to distribute them in a variety of ways.Este edificio, capaz de albergar a 1.200 espectadores sentados, ha sido construido para celebrar: combates de lucha libre y de boxeo, convenciones, conferencias, exposiciones industriales, festivales, partidos de hockey sobre hielo, baloncesto, sesiones de circo, campeonatos de tenis, espectáculos sobre hielo, etc. Lo más notable del Coliseo es la solución estructural adoptada para la cubierta, así como la disposición dada a los asientos para permitir una gran flexibilidad de usos.

  7. The future of the past at Göreme in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Robert

    1990-07-01

    The structural conservation project at the Göreme circus, with its rock-hewn churches, is a program for safeguarding this area in Cappadocia. The aim of this paper is to inquire into the causes of observed degradation and define a general plan of intervention which associates processes controlling the development of the phenomena with appropriate repair technologies facilitating treatment of the most urgent cases of damage. The first problem noted is clearly erosion. To natural erosion must be added the effects of localized erosion resulting from increasing tourism on the site. The second difficulty is to be seen in fissuring and fracturing in the soft rock, a volcanic tuff. Treatment of fissures in domes involves complete covering of the rock. Also, it must be noted that low-pressure injection grouting with a product suitable for the fissures would assure water-tightness of the monument and restore to the massif its monolithic stability.

  8. A Physics Show Performed by Students for Kids: From Mechanics to Elementary Particle Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dreiner, Herbi K.

    2008-09-01

    Physics students spend the early part of their training attending physics and mathematics lectures, solving problem sets, and experimenting in laboratory courses. The program is typically intensive and fairly rigid. They have little opportunity to follow their own curiosity or apply their knowledge. There have been many attempts to address this deficiency, specifically through outreach activities.1-23 For example, since 1984 Clint Sprott (University of Wisconsin) hosts a physics show entitled "The Wonders of Physics!" Dressed up as a circus director and assisted by students, Professor Sprott presents entertaining and educating experiments to a regularly packed auditorium of all age groups.5 This was in turn inspired by the "Chemistry is Fun" presentations of Basam Shakhashiri (University of Wisconsin), where the students are also involved.6

  9. The first case report of Leishmania (leishmania chagasi in Panthera leo in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magyda AA Dahroug

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available We reported here the first known case of natural infection of a lion (Panthera leo-Linnaeus, 1758 with Leishmania (Leishmania chagasi (L. chagasi in Brazil. The specimen was created by a circus handler in the state of Mato Grosso and was donated to the zoological park of the Federal University of Mato Grosso. Infection by L. chagasi was detected using a PCR-RFLP test. It was known that the domestic felids can act as reservoir of infection of L. chagasi in endemic areas, making it important that studies demonstrate their participation in the epidemiological chain. We demonstrate in this work that wild animals can have an important role in the epidemiological chain and must be considered in order to plan methods of control of this zoonosis.

  10. Skybeams and 'light art' defined as 'advertising' for planning purposes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan-Taylor, M.

    2008-02-01

    Skybeams and light projections have been a long standing problem, not just because of possible light pollution, ecological and public safety issues, but also because there was confusion as to when planning permission was required. Under some circumstances a light beam could be used for 28 days without needing permission, whilst other users such as circuses would always need planning permission. The celebrated Guildford case saw a skybeam classified as an advert, and so needing planning permission (after lobbying by the Campaign for Dark Skies with local support), but this was not binding on later cases. So there was a lack of firm national guidance, or a court judgment clarifying the issue. However, the situation is now much clearer due to the new Town and Country Planning (Control of Advertisements) (England) Regulations 2007.

  11. The first case report of Leishmania (leishmania) chagasi in Panthera leoin Brazil

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Magyda AA Dahroug; Arleana BPF Almeida; Valéria RF Sousa; Valéria Dutra; Luciana D Guimarães; César E Soares; Luciano Nakazato; Roberto L de Souza

    2011-01-01

    We reported here the first known case of natural infection of a lion (Panthera leo-Linnaeus, 1758) with Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi (L. chagasi) in Brazil. The specimen was created by a circus handler in the state of Mato Grosso and was donated to the zoological park of the Federal University of Mato Grosso. Infection by L. chagasi was detected using a PCR-RFLP test. It was known that the domestic felids can act as reservoir of infection of L. chagasi in endemic areas, making it important that studies demonstrate their participation in the epidemiological chain. We demonstrate in this work that wild animals can have an important role in the epidemiological chain and must be considered in order to plan methods of control of this zoonosis.

  12. The first case report of Leishmania (leishmania) chagasi in Panthera leo in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahroug, Magyda A A; Almeida, Arleana B P F; Sousa, Valéria R F; Dutra, Valéria; Guimarães, Luciana D; Soares, César E; Nakazato, Luciano; de Souza, Roberto L

    2011-06-01

    We reported here the first known case of natural infection of a lion (Panthera leo-Linnaeus, 1758) with Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi (L. chagasi) in Brazil. The specimen was created by a circus handler in the state of Mato Grosso and was donated to the zoological park of the Federal University of Mato Grosso. Infection by L. chagasi was detected using a PCR-RFLP test. It was known that the domestic felids can act as reservoir of infection of L. chagasi in endemic areas, making it important that studies demonstrate their participation in the epidemiological chain. We demonstrate in this work that wild animals can have an important role in the epidemiological chain and must be considered in order to plan methods of control of this zoonosis.

  13. Areeni aasta album. Isiklikud edetabelid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Areen jagas punkte heliplaatidele: 1. The Streets "Original Pirate Material" 2. Common "Electric Circus" 3. Flaming Lips "Yoshimi Battles The Pink Robots" 4. DJ Shadow "Private Press" 5. Peven Everett "Studio Confessions" 6. Andrew WK "I Get Wet" 7. Underworld "A Hundred Days Off" 8.-9. Felix Da Housecat "Kittenz and Thee Glitz" 10. X-Press 2 "Muzikizum" 11. The Music "The Music" 12.-13. The Datsuns "The Datsuns" 12. 13 Peshay "Fuzion" 14. High Contrast "True Colours" 15. Tallinn 73 meets Kalm "Autopiloot" 16. Koop "Waltz For Koop" 17.-18. Death In Vegas "Scorpio Rising" 17.-18. A "Hi-Fi-Serious" 19.-20. Arto Lindsay "Invoke" 19.-20. Akufen "My Way". Isiklikud edetabelid Tõnu Kaalepilt, Marek Kallinilt, Erkki Luukilt, Tõnis Kahult, Raul Saaremetsalt, Siim Nestorilt, Koit Raudsepalt, Erik Mornalt, Mart Juurelt ja Märt Milterilt

  14. Individuality in bird migration: routes and timing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vardanis, Yannis; Klaassen, Raymond H G; Strandberg, Roine; Alerstam, Thomas

    2011-08-23

    The exploration of animal migration has entered a new era with individual-based tracking during multiple years. Here, we investigated repeated migratory journeys of a long-distance migrating bird, the marsh harrier Circus aeruginosus, in order to analyse the variation within and between individuals with respect to routes and timing. We found that there was a stronger individual repeatability in time than in space. Thus, the annual timing of migration varied much less between repeated journeys of the same individual than between different individuals, while there was considerable variation in the routes of the same individual on repeated journeys. The overall contrast in repeatability between time and space was unexpected and may be owing to strong endogenous control of timing, while short-term variation in environmental conditions (weather and habitat) might promote route flexibility. The individual variation in migration routes indicates that the birds navigate mainly by other means than detailed route recapitulation based on landmark recognition.

  15. Fotofestivalid Poolas : Krakov ja Lódź, mai 2009 / Marge Monko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Monko, Marge, 1976-

    2009-01-01

    Krakovi fotokuu (5.-31. mai) ja Lódźi fotofestivali (7.-31. mai) näitustest. Juudi päritolu fotograafi Weegee (sünd. 1899) näitusest, sakslase Bettina Flitneri seeriast "Boatpeople", Martin Kollari projektist "Twelve stars", Elodie Pong'i videost "I am a bomb", John Goto seeriast "John Goto's New World of Circus", Andrej Balco portreeseeriast "Doméstikas", Péter Pukluse tööst "Intimacy - no title", leeduka Petras Saulenase tööst "L'herbe est l'herbe mais ce n'est pas l'herbe", Ungari kunstnike näitusest "The Sunny Side", Oliver Kerni näitusest "The Glass Key"

  16. Korean Species of the Subgenus Ophina (Diptera: Tachinidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jong-Su Lim

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available We recognized Linnaemya microchaetopsis Shima, L. picta (Meigen and L. zachvatkini Zimin in Korean Linnaemya subgenus Ophina Robineau-Desvoidy and the latter two are reported for the first time in Korea. The subgenus Ophina shares the following morphological characteristics (sensu Shima: 1 the male tergite 6 is fused mid-dorsally with sternite 7+8; 2 the female tergite 6 and tergite 7 are almost always divided longitudinally into two hemitergites; 3 the female tergite 6 is always longer than the tergite 7; 4 circus parallelsided in caudal view; 5 epiphallus present; and 6 pteropleural seta long, reaching posterior margin of lower calypter. We provide a key to the included Korean species, as well as descriptions and illustrations with their diagnostic characters indicated.

  17. Resetting dynamic behaviour of pipework systems; Recalage du comportement dynamique des reseaux de tuyauteries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaudin, M. [Electricite de France (EDF), Direction des Etudes et Recherches, 92 - Clamart (France)

    1997-12-31

    Resetting models is applied to electricity generating plant pipework systems. A frequency approach to the problem is made in an original way thanks to the use of precise dynamic rigidity matrices. The method assumes two kinds of unknown: the usually processed mechanical characteristics (Young`s Modulus, density etc.) and new resetting parameters acting on the dynamic behaviour of unknown connections. As the latter have a very wide range of possible variation, they benefit from a change of variable which allows the assumptions formulated to be complied with. The minimized cost function is based on a error in load. The frequencies required for building it are automatically selected thanks to different tests on measurements. Minimization uses a sensitivity technique linked with a method of least standard squares. The method has been programmed in Fortran 90 within the CIRCUS code and tried out on various examples which were simulated and sound effects cases as well as an actual case. (author). 128 refs.

  18. 马戏团来啦(下)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    上一期我们讲到Clifford在紧急关头帮了马戏团团主,他一会儿当驯兽师,一会儿扮小丑。当然,Clifford的能耐可远远不止这些呢!下半场,Clifford上演了最刺激的一幕……1.The second half of the circus begins with the elephant parade.The biggest elephant has a cold and can’t lead the parade.So Clifford slips into an elephant suit and gives them a hand.I mean a tail.马戏团下半场演出从大象游行开始。最大的那头大象感冒了,不能引领队伍。于是,Clifford迅速穿上一头大

  19. The birds of Araku, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.S. Kumar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Avifaunal survey carried out from December 2006 to September 2007 in Araku Valley, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, revealed the presence of a total of 147 species of birds belonging to 43 families. One-hundred-twelve species of birds in Araku Valley were resident breeders, 23 species winter visitors, nine species local migrants, two species passage migrants and one species summer visitor. Many bird species were seen in more than one habitat for nesting, roosting and foraging. The dominant feeding guild of birds was insectivorous. Four globally threatened species, namely, the Purple Wood-Pigeon Columba punicea Blyth, 1842, the Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga Pallas, 1811, the Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni Fleischer, 1818 and the Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus (S.G. Gmelin, 1770, were recorded during the survey from the area

  20. Integrating foraging strategies, spatial movement patterns and reproductive success: implication for the conservation of sympatric avian predators.

    OpenAIRE

    Terraube, Julien

    2010-01-01

    Se estudió una población reproductora de aguiluchos pápialbos Circus macrourus en 2000 y 2006 en el centro-norte de Kazajistán; el objetivo general era evaluar los parámetros reproductores y el hábitat de reproducción en poblaciones situadas en el centro de su área de distribución. Los nidos de esta especie se encontraron en una gran variedad de tipos de vegetación (de estructura y composición diferentes), que se pueden agrupar en tres grandes categorías: hábitat estépicos, ribereños y agríco...

  1. Clown doctors: shaman healers of Western medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Blerkom, L M

    1995-12-01

    The Big Apple Circus Clown Care Unit, which entertains children in New York City hospitals, is compared with non-Western healers, especially shamans. There is not only superficial resemblance--weird costumes, music, sleight of hand, puppet/spirit helpers, and ventriloquism--but also similarity in the meanings and functions of their performances. Both clown and shaman violate natural and cultural rules in their performances. Both help patient and family deal with illness. Both use suggestion and manipulation of medical symbols in attempting to alleviate their patients' distress. Just as traditional ethnomedical systems have been integrated with Western medicine in other societies, clown doctors can provide complementary therapy that may enhance the efficacy of medical treatment in developed nations, particularly for children. PMID:8748473

  2. Permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia in a dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santilli, Roberto A; Santos, Luis F N; Perego, Manuela

    2013-09-01

    A 5-year-old male English Bulldog was presented with a 1-year history of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) partially responsive to amiodarone. At admission the surface ECG showed sustained runs of a narrow QRS complex tachycardia, with a ventricular cycle length (R-R interval) of 260 ms, alternating with periods of sinus rhythm. Endocardial mapping identified the electrogenic mechanism of the SVT as a circus movement tachycardia with retrograde and decremental conduction along a concealed postero-septal atrioventricular pathway (AP) and anterograde conduction along the atrioventricular node. These characteristics were indicative of a permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia (PJRT). Radiofrequency catheter ablation of the AP successfully terminated the PJRT, with no recurrence of tachycardia on Holter monitoring at 12 months follow-up.

  3. Kızılırmak Vadisinde Kuşları Etkileyen Olumsuz Faktörler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayşegül İLİKER

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Totally, 263 bird species were observed in the Kızılırmak valley between 2010-2012 years. Among them were 93 residents, 82 summer migrants, 51 winter migrants and 37 transit migrants. When evaluated in IUCN criteria, Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus, saker falcon (Falco cherrug and velvet scoter (Melanitta fusca are endengared (EN, marbled teal (Marmaronette angustirostris, great bustard (Otis tarda and aquatic warbler (Acrocephalus paludicola are vulnareble (VU and ferruginous duck (Aythya nyroca, red kite (Milvus milvus, pallid harrier (Circus macrourus, red footed falcon (Falco vespertinus, great snipe (Gallinago media, rock partridge (Alectoris graeca, black tailed godwit (Limosa limosa, European roller (Coracias garrulus and semi collared flycatcher (Ficedula semitorquata are near threatened (NT. Among negatively affecting factors the birds, in Kızılırmak Valley; reed cutting, water regime changing, recreational activities in riverside, stubble burning, agricultural land expansion, chemical and noise pollution can be considered

  4. Modeling of flashing-induced instabilities in the start-up phase of natural-circulation BWRs using the code FLOCAL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports on the modeling and simulation of flashing-induced instabilities in natural circulation systems, with special emphasis on natural circulation Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs). For the modeling the 4-equation two-phase code FLOCAL (Rohde, 1986), developed at the ForschungZentrum Rossendorf (FZR, Germany), has been used. The model allows for the liquid and vapor to be in thermal non-equilibrium and, via drift-flux models, to have different velocities. The phenomenology of the instability has been studied and the dominating physical effects have been revealed. The results of the simulations have been compared qualitatively and quantitatively with experiments (Manera et al., 2002) that have been carried out within the framework of a European project (NACUSP) on the CIRCUS facility. The facility, built at the Delft University of Technology in The Netherlands, is a water/steam 1:1 height-scaled loop of the Dutch natural-circulation-cooled BWR Dodewaard

  5. Resetting dynamic behaviour of pipework systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Resetting models is applied to electricity generating plant pipework systems. A frequency approach to the problem is made in an original way thanks to the use of precise dynamic rigidity matrices. The method assumes two kinds of unknown: the usually processed mechanical characteristics (Young's Modulus, density etc.) and new resetting parameters acting on the dynamic behaviour of unknown connections. As the latter have a very wide range of possible variation, they benefit from a change of variable which allows the assumptions formulated to be complied with. The minimized cost function is based on a error in load. The frequencies required for building it are automatically selected thanks to different tests on measurements. Minimization uses a sensitivity technique linked with a method of least standard squares. The method has been programmed in Fortran 90 within the CIRCUS code and tried out on various examples which were simulated and sound effects cases as well as an actual case. (author)

  6. Individuality in bird migration: routes and timing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vardanis, Yannis; Klaassen, Raymond H G; Strandberg, Roine; Alerstam, Thomas

    2011-08-23

    The exploration of animal migration has entered a new era with individual-based tracking during multiple years. Here, we investigated repeated migratory journeys of a long-distance migrating bird, the marsh harrier Circus aeruginosus, in order to analyse the variation within and between individuals with respect to routes and timing. We found that there was a stronger individual repeatability in time than in space. Thus, the annual timing of migration varied much less between repeated journeys of the same individual than between different individuals, while there was considerable variation in the routes of the same individual on repeated journeys. The overall contrast in repeatability between time and space was unexpected and may be owing to strong endogenous control of timing, while short-term variation in environmental conditions (weather and habitat) might promote route flexibility. The individual variation in migration routes indicates that the birds navigate mainly by other means than detailed route recapitulation based on landmark recognition. PMID:21307045

  7. Blue ocean strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, W Chan; Mauborgne, Renée

    2004-10-01

    Despite a long-term decline in the circus industry, Cirque du Soleil profitably increased revenue 22-fold over the last ten years by reinventing the circus. Rather than competing within the confines of the existing industry or trying to steal customers from rivals, Cirque developed uncontested market space that made the competition irrelevant. Cirque created what the authors call a blue ocean, a previously unknown market space. In blue oceans, demand is created rather than fought over. There is ample opportunity for growth that is both profitable and rapid. In red oceans--that is, in all the industries already existing--companies compete by grabbing for a greater share of limited demand. As the market space gets more crowded, prospects for profits and growth decline. Products turn into commodities, and increasing competition turns the water bloody. There are two ways to create blue oceans. One is to launch completely new industries, as eBay did with online auctions. But it's much more common for a blue ocean to be created from within a red ocean when a company expands the boundaries of an existing industry. In studying more than 150 blue ocean creations in over 30 industries, the authors observed that the traditional units of strategic analysis--company and industry--are of limited use in explaining how and why blue oceans are created. The most appropriate unit of analysis is the strategic move, the set of managerial actions and decisions involved in making a major market-creating business offering. Creating blue oceans builds brands. So powerful is blue ocean strategy, in fact, that a blue ocean strategic move can create brand equity that lasts for decades. PMID:15559577

  8. Seropositivity and risk factors associated with Toxoplasma gondii infection in wild birds from Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabezón, Oscar; García-Bocanegra, Ignacio; Molina-López, Rafael; Marco, Ignasi; Blanco, Juan M; Höfle, Ursula; Margalida, Antoni; Bach-Raich, Esther; Darwich, Laila; Echeverría, Israel; Obón, Elena; Hernández, Mauro; Lavín, Santiago; Dubey, Jitender P; Almería, Sonia

    2011-01-01

    Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic intracellular protozoan parasite of worldwide distribution that infects many species of warm-blooded animals, including birds. To date, there is scant information about the seropositivity of T. gondii and the risk factors associated with T. gondii infection in wild bird populations. In the present study, T. gondii infection was evaluated on sera obtained from 1079 wild birds belonging to 56 species (including Falconiformes (n=610), Strigiformes (n=260), Ciconiiformes (n=156), Gruiformes (n=21), and other orders (n=32), from different areas of Spain. Antibodies to T. gondii (modified agglutination test, MAT titer ≥1:25) were found in 282 (26.1%, IC(95%:)23.5-28.7) of the 1079 birds. This study constitute the first extensive survey in wild birds species in Spain and reports for the first time T. gondii antibodies in the griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus), short-toed snake-eagle (Circaetus gallicus), Bonelli's eagle (Aquila fasciata), golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus), osprey (Pandion haliaetus), Montagu's harrier (Circus pygargus), Western marsh-harrier (Circus aeruginosus), peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), long-eared owl (Asio otus), common scops owl (Otus scops), Eurasian spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia), white stork (Ciconia ciconia), grey heron (Ardea cinerea), common moorhen (Gallinula chloropus); in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) "vulnerable" Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti), lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni) and great bustard (Otis tarda); and in the IUCN "near threatened" red kite (Milvus milvus). The highest seropositivity by species was observed in the Eurasian eagle owl (Bubo bubo) (68.1%, 98 of 144). The main risk factors associated with T. gondii seropositivity in wild birds were age and diet, with the highest exposure in older animals and in carnivorous wild birds. The results showed that T. gondii infection is widespread and can be at a high level in

  9. What Would Jaws Do? The Tyranny of Film and the Relationship between Gaze and Higher-Level Narrative Film Comprehension.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lester C Loschky

    Full Text Available What is the relationship between film viewers' eye movements and their film comprehension? Typical Hollywood movies induce strong attentional synchrony-most viewers look at the same things at the same time. Thus, we asked whether film viewers' eye movements would differ based on their understanding-the mental model hypothesis-or whether any such differences would be overwhelmed by viewers' attentional synchrony-the tyranny of film hypothesis. To investigate this question, we manipulated the presence/absence of prior film context and measured resulting differences in film comprehension and eye movements. Viewers watched a 12-second James Bond movie clip, ending just as a critical predictive inference should be drawn that Bond's nemesis, "Jaws," would fall from the sky onto a circus tent. The No-context condition saw only the 12-second clip, but the Context condition also saw the preceding 2.5 minutes of the movie before seeing the critical 12-second portion. Importantly, the Context condition viewers were more likely to draw the critical inference and were more likely to perceive coherence across the entire 6 shot sequence (as shown by event segmentation, indicating greater comprehension. Viewers' eye movements showed strong attentional synchrony in both conditions as compared to a chance level baseline, but smaller differences between conditions. Specifically, the Context condition viewers showed slightly, but significantly, greater attentional synchrony and lower cognitive load (as shown by fixation probability during the critical first circus tent shot. Thus, overall, the results were more consistent with the tyranny of film hypothesis than the mental model hypothesis. These results suggest the need for a theory that encompasses processes from the perception to the comprehension of film.

  10. Seropositivity and risk factors associated with Toxoplasma gondii infection in wild birds from Spain.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Cabezón

    Full Text Available Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic intracellular protozoan parasite of worldwide distribution that infects many species of warm-blooded animals, including birds. To date, there is scant information about the seropositivity of T. gondii and the risk factors associated with T. gondii infection in wild bird populations. In the present study, T. gondii infection was evaluated on sera obtained from 1079 wild birds belonging to 56 species (including Falconiformes (n=610, Strigiformes (n=260, Ciconiiformes (n=156, Gruiformes (n=21, and other orders (n=32, from different areas of Spain. Antibodies to T. gondii (modified agglutination test, MAT titer ≥1:25 were found in 282 (26.1%, IC(95%:23.5-28.7 of the 1079 birds. This study constitute the first extensive survey in wild birds species in Spain and reports for the first time T. gondii antibodies in the griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus, short-toed snake-eagle (Circaetus gallicus, Bonelli's eagle (Aquila fasciata, golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos, bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus, osprey (Pandion haliaetus, Montagu's harrier (Circus pygargus, Western marsh-harrier (Circus aeruginosus, peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus, long-eared owl (Asio otus, common scops owl (Otus scops, Eurasian spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia, white stork (Ciconia ciconia, grey heron (Ardea cinerea, common moorhen (Gallinula chloropus; in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN "vulnerable" Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti, lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni and great bustard (Otis tarda; and in the IUCN "near threatened" red kite (Milvus milvus. The highest seropositivity by species was observed in the Eurasian eagle owl (Bubo bubo (68.1%, 98 of 144. The main risk factors associated with T. gondii seropositivity in wild birds were age and diet, with the highest exposure in older animals and in carnivorous wild birds. The results showed that T. gondii infection is widespread and can be at a high level in many wild

  11. Blue ocean strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, W Chan; Mauborgne, Renée

    2004-10-01

    Despite a long-term decline in the circus industry, Cirque du Soleil profitably increased revenue 22-fold over the last ten years by reinventing the circus. Rather than competing within the confines of the existing industry or trying to steal customers from rivals, Cirque developed uncontested market space that made the competition irrelevant. Cirque created what the authors call a blue ocean, a previously unknown market space. In blue oceans, demand is created rather than fought over. There is ample opportunity for growth that is both profitable and rapid. In red oceans--that is, in all the industries already existing--companies compete by grabbing for a greater share of limited demand. As the market space gets more crowded, prospects for profits and growth decline. Products turn into commodities, and increasing competition turns the water bloody. There are two ways to create blue oceans. One is to launch completely new industries, as eBay did with online auctions. But it's much more common for a blue ocean to be created from within a red ocean when a company expands the boundaries of an existing industry. In studying more than 150 blue ocean creations in over 30 industries, the authors observed that the traditional units of strategic analysis--company and industry--are of limited use in explaining how and why blue oceans are created. The most appropriate unit of analysis is the strategic move, the set of managerial actions and decisions involved in making a major market-creating business offering. Creating blue oceans builds brands. So powerful is blue ocean strategy, in fact, that a blue ocean strategic move can create brand equity that lasts for decades.

  12. Genetic characterization of oropharyngeal trichomonad isolates from wild birds indicates that genotype is associated with host species, diet and presence of pathognomonic lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Herrero, M C; Sansano-Maestre, J; López Márquez, I; Obón, E; Ponce, C; González, J; Garijo-Toledo, M M; Gómez-Muñoz, M T

    2014-01-01

    Oropharyngeal trichomonad isolates of wild birds from Spain were studied. A total of 1688 samples (1214 of predator birds and 474 of prey species) from wildlife recovery centres and scientific bird-ringing campaigns were analysed from 2011 to 2013. The overall infection prevalence was 20.3% (11.4% in predator birds and 43.3% in prey species). Pathognomonic lesions were present in 26% of the infected birds (57.3% in predator birds and 4.9% in prey species). The most commonly parasitized species were the goshawk (Accipiter gentilis, 74.5%) and the rock pigeon (Columba livia, 79.4%). Host species in which the parasite has not been previously analysed by polymerase chain reaction and sequencing in Spain are also reported: Columba palumbus, Streptopelia turtur, Pica pica, A. gentilis, Accipiter nisus, Asio otus, Bubo bubo, Buteo buteo, Circus aeruginosus, Circus cyaneus, Falco naumanni, Falco peregrinus, Neophron percnopterus, Otus scops, Pernis apivorus and Strix aluco. Sequence analysis of the ITS1/5.8S/ITS2 region revealed five different genotypes and also some mixed infections. A relationship between genotype and host species was observed, but only two genotypes (ITS-OBT-Tg-1and ITS-OBT-Tg-2) were widely distributed. Genotype ITS-OBT-Tg-1 was most frequently found in predator birds and statistically associated with pathognomonic lesions. Non-strict ornithophagous species were at higher risk to develop disease than ornithophagous ones. Genotypes ITS-OBT-Tcl-1 and ITS-OBT-Tcl-2 are new reports, and ITS-OBT-Tvl-5 is reported for the first time in Spain. They showed higher genetic homology to Trichomonas canistomae and Trichomonas vaginalis than to Trichomonas gallinae, indicating the possibility of new species within this genus. PMID:25262786

  13. Significações sobre desenvolvimento humano e adolescência em um projeto socioeducativo Meanings around human development and adolescence in a social educative project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio Márcio de Araújo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo se baseia em uma pesquisa que teve por objetivo analisar concepções sobre adolescência e desenvolvimento humano que medeiam as intervenções socioeducativas no contexto de um circo social. Participantes: adolescentes, corpo técnico, estagiários e o próprio pesquisador. Os resultados foram gerados considerando os seguintes núcleos de significação: (a a potencialidade da arte circense como instrumento na promoção de desenvolvimento humano; (b a evolução no uso de instrumentos circenses como foco do processo de acompanhamento e avaliação do adolescente; (c a adolescência como fase do ciclo de vida; (d risco e vulnerabilidade social como características do sujeito ou do contexto. A necessidade de que os agentes institucionais busquem uma compreensão mais profunda do processo de transformação pessoal que tem lugar ao longo da adolescência é aspecto explorado na discussão.This article is based on a research aimed at analyzing conceptions around adolescence and human development mediating social educative interventions in the context of a social circus. Participants: adolescents; technical staff; trainees; and, the researcher himself. The results were generated considering the following meaning complexes: (a the potential of circus techniques as mediation tools in promoting innovative trajectories of human development; (b personal improvements in the domain of tools and techniques as the focus of the follow up and evaluation process of the adolescent; (c adolescence as a stage of life cycle; (d social risk and vulnerability alternating as char acteristics of the subject or the context. The necessity that institutional agents search for a deeper comprehension of the process of personal transformation that takes place along adolescence is an important point of discussion.

  14. Los edificios deportivos de la Roma Antigua Sportive buildings in the ancient Rome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela TEJA

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available La educación física y el deporte retrocedió —en la Roma antigua— respecto a los ideales físico-corporales griegos. Por contra, se fomentó una notable cultura de espectáculos y divertimentos, especialmente durante la época imperial. A fin de dar cobijo a los diversos espectáculos se construyeron en la ciudad de Roma —y por mimetismo en todas las urbes del Imperio— sofisticados edificios. En efecto, además de una importante red de circos —el más emblemático de los cuales fue el circo Máximo—, se levantaron anfiteatros y termas, amén del estadio de Dominiciano. La autora pasa revista a las distintas instalaciones «deportivas» de la Roma antigua, así como a los espectáculos que albergaban: las carreras del circo, los combates de gladiadores, las cacerías de fieras, las naumaquias, sin olvidar las competiciones del estadio y la pasión romana por las termas.Sport and physical education —in Ancient Rome-, looked back to the physical ideals of the Greeks. In contrast, there was also a specific encouragement of spectacles and performance or general entertainment during the Imperial Era. In order to cater for the diverse shows, sophisticated buildings were constructed in Rome, and reproduced in all the built-up areas throughout the Empire. In fact, besides the important circus network, the most emblematic of these being Maximo's Circus, amphitheatres, arenas and spa resorts were constructed, in addition to the Dominitian Stadium. The author studies the different types of «sporting» installations in Ancient Rome, considering the entertainments which took place in them: chariot races, gladiatorial combat, the hunting of wild beasts, naval combats, the stadium sports and, of course, the Roman passion for spas and hot baths.

  15. Los caminos del clown: resistencia en movimiento. Juego, carnaval y frontera Clown's Way: resistance in movement. Play, Carnival and Frontier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Diz Reboredo

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Through the clown's way we will look around the play logic in culture, or the culture seeing as a play itself. From an ethnographical and experimental approach to the clown and circus's world we will use this text to understand the different forms of resistance that are emerging in the postmodern era from the most intimate spheres, from the common that we all share. Clown's way will bring us from the big top to the street, from the private familiar side to the public and communal experience, and we will analyze the tactics of play, seeing as relational, communicational and learning forms. Behind the mask and the make-up lies the cultural production and social building of new subjects who are incorporated by the new social movements, who are turning circus and carnival into new playful territories of experience, claims and freedom.

     

    A través de los caminos del clown recorreremos la lógica del juego en la cultura, o de la cultura entendida en tanto juego. En base a una aproximación etnográfica y experimental al mundo del circo y del clown, usaremos este texto para comprender las formas de resistencia que, dentro de la posmodernidad, surgen de lo más íntimo, de lo común que compartimos. Los caminos del clown nos llevarán de la carpa a la calle, de lo familiar privado a lo comunal público, analizando las prácticas del juego que definen al payaso como formas de relación, comunicación y aprendizaje. Tras la máscara o el maquillaje, yace la producción de nuevos sujetos, una re-subjetivización que incorporan a sus proclamas los nuevos movimientos sociales, quienes convierten al circo o al carnaval en nuevos territorios lúdicos de experiencia, proclamas y libertad.

     

  16. Carotenoid-based coloration, condition, and immune responsiveness in the nestlings of a sexually dimorphic bird of prey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sternalski, Audrey; Mougeot, François; Pérez-Rodríguez, Lorenzo; Bretagnolle, Vincent

    2012-01-01

    In many birds, nestlings exhibit brightly colored traits that are pigmented by carotenoids. Carotenoids are diet limited and also serve important health-related physiological functions. The proximate mechanisms behind the expression of these carotenoid-pigmented traits are still poorly known, especially in nestlings with sexual size dimorphism. In these nestlings, intrabrood competition levels and growth strategies likely differ between sexes, and this may in turn influence carotenoid allocation rules. We used dietary carotenoid supplementation to test whether wild marsh harrier (Circus aeruginosus) nestlings were carotenoid limited and whether carotenoid allocation strategies varied between sexes, which differ in their size and growth strategies. When supplemented, nestlings used the supplemental carotenoids to increase their coloration independently of their sex. We showed that the condition dependence of the carotenoid level and the response to an immune challenge (phytohemagglutinin test) differed between sexes, possibly because sexual size dimorphism influences growth strategies and/or intrabrood competition levels and access to different types of food. In this species, which often feeds on mammals, a trade-off likely exists between food quantity (energy) and quality (carotenoid content). Finally, carotenoid-based coloration expressed in marsh harrier nestlings appeared to be indicative of immune responsiveness rather than condition, therefore potentially advertising to parents nestling quality or value rather than nutritional need. PMID:22705486

  17. Science Me! | 09-10 July | Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    The 11th Nuit de la Science (see here) will happen on July 9 and 10 on the theme "The Rules of the Game" in the gorgeous park of the Perle-du-Lac showcasing the Museum of Science History, organizer of this event that attracts 30-35,000 visitors on each edition.   On this occasion, the Chimiscope and the Museum of Science History invite the public to take part to Science Me!, the first European science show competition. Under a large circus tent, teams of young scientists from all origins and practicing all sciences will compete under the form of 10-minute shows, in French or in English. At the end of each show, the audience will also be able to interact and converse with the participating teams. The success of the demonstrations will be measured by applausemeter, while a jury of neutral and independent scientists will evaluate the qualit...

  18. The pioneering work of George Mines on cardiac arrhythmias: groundbreaking ideas that remain influential in contemporary cardiac electrophysiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguilar, Martin; Nattel, Stanley

    2016-05-01

    George Mines was a pioneering physiologist who, despite an extremely short period of professional activity and only primitive experimental methodology, succeeded in formulating concepts that continue to be of great influence today. Here, we review some of his most important discoveries and their impact on contemporary concepts and clinical practice. Mines' greatest contribution was his conceptualization and characterization of circus movement reentry. His observations and ideas about the basis for cardiac reentrant activity underlie how we understand and manage a wide range of important clinical rhythm disturbances today. The notions he introduced regarding the influence of premature extrastimuli on reentry (termination, resetting and entrainment) are central to contemporary assessment of arrhythmia mechanisms in clinical electrophysiology laboratories and modern device therapy of cardiac tachyarrhythmias. Refinements of his model of reentry have led to sophisticated biophysical theories of the mechanisms underlying cardiac fibrillation. His seminal observations on the influence of electrolyte derangements and autonomic tone on the heart are relevant to our understanding of the physiology and pharmacology of arrhythmias caused by cardiac pathology. In this era of advanced technology, it is important to appreciate that ideas of lasting impact come from great minds and do not necessarily require great tools. PMID:26607760

  19. Presenting CineGlobe Estival! | 6 - 10 July

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    Join CineGlobe under a projected starry sky for a film festival and games with a neuroscience twist.   The 6th edition of the CineGlobe International Film Festival at CERN will take place during the first week of July 2016 (on the Globe grounds at CERN, from Wednesday 6 to Friday 8 July) and then during the Nuit de la Science (at the Museum of the History of Science, on July 9 and 10). The festival will include an open-air cinema, film projections in the Globe of Science and Innovation at CERN, the interactive Emotional Circus (carnival-inspired games played with just the participant’s brainwaves) and a special sci-fi edition of the 48 Hour Film Project. The full program will target people of all ages with fun and informative activities such as children’s films in the Minima Cinema, and a workshop on the creation of a pinhole camera with an empty Tetra-Pak milk carton. Practical information: Entry is free. All films in English and French. Onsite food trucks at the G...

  20. Geographical and temporal flexibility in the response to crosswinds by migrating raptors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klaassen, Raymond H G; Hake, Mikael; Strandberg, Roine; Alerstam, Thomas

    2011-05-01

    Wind and ocean currents may potentially have important effects on travelling animals, as an animal which does not respond to lateral flow will be drifted from its intended direction of movement. By analysing daily movements of migrating ospreys Pandion haliaetus and marsh harriers Circus aeruginosus, as recorded by satellite telemetry, in relation to global wind data, we showed that these raptors allow on average 47 per cent drift. Furthermore, our analyses revealed significant geographical and temporal variation in the response to crosswinds. During some parts of the migration, the birds drifted and in other parts they compensated or even overcompensated. In some regions, the response of marsh harriers depended on the wind direction. They drifted when the wind came from one side and (over)compensated when the wind came from the opposite side, and this flexible response was different in different geographical regions. These results suggest that migrating raptors modulate their response to crosswinds at different places and times during their travels and show that individual birds use a much more varied repertoire of behavioural responses to wind than hitherto assumed. Our results may also explain why contrasting and variable results have been obtained in previous studies of the effect of wind on bird migration.

  1. Using the risk-disturbance hypothesis to assess the relative effects of human disturbance and predation risk on foraging American Oystercatchers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, K.A.; Otis, D.L.

    2005-01-01

    The risk-disturbance hypothesis asserts that animals perceive human disturbance similar to nonlethal predation stimuli, and exhibit comparable responses in the form of optimization tradeoffs. However, few studies have examined how natural predation risk factors interact with human-disturbance stimuli to elicit such responses. We observed American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus) vigilance behavior from September-December 2002 on the Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge, South Carolina. A set of models was constructed based on 340 focal-animal samples and models revealed relationships between vigilance behavior, predator density, and boat activity. Oystercatchers increased vigilance in response to aerial predators, particularly late in the season when predator species composition was dominated by Northern Harriers (Circus cyaneus). At a broader temporal scale, oystercatchers exhibited the highest vigilance rates during simultaneous peaks in boating disturbance and Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) activity. Due to this temporal overlap of stimuli, it is difficult to interpret what may have been driving the observed increased in vigilance. Foraging rates appeared to be primarily driven by habitat and tidal stage indicating that time lost to vigilance did not effectively reduce intake. Taken together, these findings provide some support for the risk-disturbance hypothesis, underscore the sensitivity of disturbance studies to temporal scale, and draw attention to the potential confounding effects of natural predation risk. ?? The Cooper Ornithological Society 2005.

  2. [Neuroprotector effect of human recombinant erythropoietin sorbed on polymer nanoparticles studied on model of intracerebral post-traumatic hematoma (hemorrhagic stroke)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balaban'ian, V Iu; Solev, I N; Elizarova, O S; Garibova, T L; Litvinova, S A; Voronina, T A

    2011-01-01

    The neuroprotective activity of recombinant human erythropoietin (r-HuEpo) sorbed on poly(butyl)cyanoacrilate nanoparticles (EPO-PBCA) and on polylactic-co-glycolic acid nanoparticles (EPO-PLGA) has been studied on Wistar rats with intracerebral post-traumatic hematoma (model of hemorrhagic stroke) (IPH-HS) in comparison to native r-HuEpo. It is established that EPO-PBCA produced a protective effect in rats after IPH-HS that was manifested by a decrease in the number of animals with neurological disorders such as circus movement, paresis, and paralysis of hind limbs; the drug also improved coordination (rotating rod test), reduced the number of lost animals, and decreased the loss weight among survived rats. In addition, EPO-PBCA optimized the research behavior of rats with IPH-HS in the open field test and prevented amnesia of passive avoidance reflex (PAR), which was caused by the IPH-HS. These effects were manifested during a two-week observation period. EPO-PLGA has a similar but much less pronounced effect on the major disorders caused by IPH-HS. The efficiency of native r-HuEpo as a neuropotective agent was insignificant and only manifested by decrease in the number of lost animals with IPH-HS.

  3. [The image of animal magnetism in fictional literature: the cases of Poe, Doyle and Du Maurier].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonet Safont, Juan Marcos

    2014-01-01

    In this article, we focus on the social image of the phenomenon known as mesmerism, or animal magnetism, through analysis of the works: The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar (1845) by Edgar Allan Poe, The Great Keinplatz Experiment (1885) by Conan Doyle and Trilby (1894) by George Du Maurier. We describe the stereotype of the mesmerist and the uses of mesmerism observed. We pay attention to the spaces and actors of the mesmeric transcript presented in the stories. We consider the reception of these stories by the public and the relationship of the authors with mesmeric and hypnotic knowledge. Nowadays, academic researchers in the discipline of psychology publish articles and books on popular myths about hypnosis in attempts to depict the distorted images related to this phenomenon. This distorted image of the hypnotic process and the hypnotist derives from "circus" hypnotism shows (stage hypnosis), the cinema, television and fictional literature. Works of fiction represent a unique and invaluable source of information, ideas, speculations, concerns and opportunities around animal magnetism and hypnosis, and the exploration and analysis of this literature is an essential chapter in any historical study of this topic. We see how the literary use of mesmerism by Poe, Doyle and Du Maurier is not chance or peripheral, with all three being intellectually interested in and stimulated by these ideas.

  4. THEMIS Images as Art #32

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Welcome to the second annual THEMIS ART MONTH. From Jan. 31 through March 4 we will be showcasing images for their aesthetic value, rather than their science content. Portions of these images resemble things in our everyday lives, from animals to letters of the alphabet. We hope you enjoy our fanciful look at Mars! The eyes of Mars are upon you! Or perhaps they're looking at you with binoculars, or maybe even starting up a two-ring circus? Note: this THEMIS visual image has not been radiometrically nor geometrically calibrated for this preliminary release. An empirical correction has been performed to remove instrumental effects. A linear shift has been applied in the cross-track and down-track direction to approximate spacecraft and planetary motion. Fully calibrated and geometrically projected images will be released through the Planetary Data System in accordance with Project policies at a later time. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the 2001 Mars Odyssey mission for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) was developed by Arizona State University, Tempe, in collaboration with Raytheon Santa Barbara Remote Sensing. The THEMIS investigation is led by Dr. Philip Christensen at Arizona State University. Lockheed Martin Astronautics, Denver, is the prime contractor for the Odyssey project, and developed and built the orbiter. Mission operations are conducted jointly from Lockheed Martin and from JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

  5. Clear as daylight: analysis of diurnal raptor pellets for small mammal studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matos, M.

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Non–invasive approaches are increasingly investigated and applied in studies of small mammal assemblages because they are more cost–effective and bypass conservation and animal welfare issues. However, pellets of diurnal raptors have rarely been used for these purposes. We evaluated the potential of marsh harrier pellets (Circus aeruginosus as a non–invasive method to sample small mammal assemblages, by comparing the results with those of sampling using Sherman live–traps and pitfalls. The three methods were applied simultaneously in an agricultural–wetland complex in NW Portugal. Estimates of species richness, diversity, evenness, abundance, and proportion of each species within the assemblage showed significant differences between the three methods. Our results suggest that the use of marsh harrier pellets is more effective in inventorying small mammal species than either of the two kinds of traps, while also avoiding any involuntary fatalities associated with the sampling of small non–volant mammals. Moreover, the analysis of pellets was the most cost–effective method. Comparison of the two trapping methodologies showed involuntary fatalities were higher in pitfalls than in Sherman traps. We discuss the advantages and flaws of the three methods, both from technical and conservational perspectives.

  6. Global perspectives on animal welfare: Asia, the Far East, and Oceania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, S A; Walker, L; Ricketts, W

    2005-08-01

    In Asia and the Far East, livestock undergo major suffering due to malnutrition, overloading, and ill-treatment. At slaughter animals are handled roughly and watch other animals being killed; stunning is not practised. Cruelty to other animals such as elephants, horses, donkeys, bears, dogs, and circus animals has largely been prevented through the efforts of animal welfare organisations. Governments have taken initiatives to establish Animal Welfare Boards and enact laws for the prevention of cruelty to animals, but their efforts are far too limited to be of any significance and financial constraints and lack of personnel inhibit the implementation of the laws that do exist. In New Zealand and Australia, legislation and strong consultation procedures at governmental and community level strive to regulate and improve the welfare of animals in all spheres, but in other Oceanic countries there is a need for both an update in, or establishment of, legislation covering animal welfare. Limited progress has been made due to the status of the Veterinary Services and a lack of resources. Although some public and educational awareness programmes are carried out, increasing exposure to international media and attitudes of visiting tourists suggest that further awareness work needs to be undertaken. To address the problems of animal welfare in developing countries, it would be inappropriate to adopt the international standards that are implemented in the developed countries. Each developing country should evolve its own standards based on its own individual priorities.

  7. Measurement of neuronal activity in a macaque monkey in response to animate images using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masumi Wakita

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS has been used extensively for functional neuroimaging over the past decade, in part because it is considered a powerful tool for investigating brain function in human infants and young children, for whom other neuroimaging techniques are not suitable. In particular, several studies have measured hemodynamic responses in the occipital region in infants upon exposure to visual stimuli. In the present study, we used a multi-channel NIRS to measure neuronal activity in a macaque monkey who was trained to watch videos showing various circus animals performing acrobatic activities without fixing the head position of the monkey. Cortical activity from the occipital region was measured first by placing a probe comprising a 3x5 array of emitters and detectors (2 x 4 cm on the area (area 17, and the robustness and stability of the results were confirmed across sessions. Cortical responses were then measured from the dorsofrontal region. The oxygenated hemoglobin signals increased in area 9 and decreased in area 8b in response to viewing the videos. The results suggest that these regions are involved in cognitive processing of visually presented stimuli. The monkey showed positive responsiveness to the stimuli from the affective standpoint, but its attentional response to them was an inhibitory one.

  8. Measurement of neuronal activity in a macaque monkey in response to animate images using near-infrared spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakita, Masumi; Shibasaki, Masahiro; Ishizuka, Takashi; Schnackenberg, Joerg; Fujiawara, Michiyuki; Masataka, Nobuo

    2010-01-01

    Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been used extensively for functional neuroimaging over the past decade, in part because it is considered a powerful tool for investigating brain function in human infants and young children, for whom other neuroimaging techniques are not suitable. In particular, several studies have measured hemodynamic responses in the occipital region in infants upon exposure to visual stimuli. In the present study, we used a multi-channel NIRS to measure neuronal activity in a macaque monkey who was trained to watch videos showing various circus animals performing acrobatic activities without fixing the head position of the monkey. Cortical activity from the occipital region was measured first by placing a probe comprising a 3 x 5 array of emitters and detectors (2 x 4 cm) on the area (area 17), and the robustness and stability of the results were confirmed across sessions. Cortical responses were then measured from the dorsofrontal region. The oxygenated hemoglobin signals increased in area 9 and decreased in area 8b in response to viewing the videos. The results suggest that these regions are involved in cognitive processing of visually presented stimuli. The monkey showed positive responsiveness to the stimuli from the affective standpoint, but its attentional response to them was an inhibitory one.

  9. 山东西部地区猛禽的生态分布%Ecological distribution of raptors in west Shandong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾少波; 闫华超; 刘涛; 冀相伦

    2008-01-01

    1990年3月~2007年8月在山东西部(聊城市及周边)地区所记录的猛禽分布情况中,共记录到猛禽2目3科18种,其中优势种有黑耳鸢Milvus lineatus、大鵟Buteo hemilasius、普通鵟Buteo buteo、红隼Falco tinnunculus、长耳鸮Asio otus;常见种有燕隼Falco subbuteo、东方角鸮Otus sunia、纵纹腹小鸮Athene noctua、短耳鸮Asio flammeus;另外,有9个稀有种:凤头蜂鹰Pernisptilorhynchus、雕鸮Bubo bubo、游隼Falco peregrinus、灰背隼Falco columbarius、阿穆尔隼Falco amurensis、雀鹰Accipiter nisus、鹗Pandion haliaetus、白尾鹞Circus cyaneus和黄爪隼Falco naumanni,其中后4种是21世纪以来见到的.各种猛禽有明显的栖息地选择差异和季节性分布密度变化,总体密度有些微回升趋势.

  10. Modelling hen harrier dynamics to inform human-wildlife conflict resolution: a spatially-realistic, individual-based approach.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes P M Heinonen

    Full Text Available Individual-based models have gained popularity in ecology, and enable simultaneous incorporation of spatial explicitness and population dynamic processes to understand spatio-temporal patterns of populations. We introduce an individual-based model for understanding and predicting spatial hen harrier (Circus cyaneus population dynamics in Great Britain. The model uses a landscape with habitat, prey and game management indices. The hen harrier population was initialised according to empirical census estimates for 1988/89 and simulated until 2030, and predictions for 1998, 2004 and 2010 were compared to empirical census estimates for respective years. The model produced a good qualitative match to overall trends between 1989 and 2010. Parameter explorations revealed relatively high elasticity in particular to demographic parameters such as juvenile male mortality. This highlights the need for robust parameter estimates from empirical research. There are clearly challenges for replication of real-world population trends, but this model provides a useful tool for increasing understanding of drivers of hen harrier dynamics and focusing research efforts in order to inform conflict management decisions.

  11. Neurofibromatosis: relinquishing the masks; a quest for quality of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messner, R; Smith, M N

    1986-07-01

    Neurofibromatosis (NF) or von Recklinghausen's disease is mankind's most common neurologic genetic disorder, occurring in one of every 3000 live births. While many individuals with NF suffer disfiguring, disabling, or life-threatening complications, NF is extremely variable in its symptoms, intensity, and progression. For many of its victims, NF is a pseudonym for uncertainty and physical and psychosocial havoc. John Merrick, 'The Elephant Man', endured one of the most severe cases of NF ever recorded. Merrick's rejection by post-Dickensian England forced him to become a sideshow circus attraction just to survive. The essence of nursing intervention with NF patients and their families engaged in the quest for quality of life is to restore them to optimal physical and psychosocial functioning, and, ideally, to help them utilize the experience for growth. Many individuals respond to the frustration of NF and society's reactions to the disorder by the wearing of psychological masks. Likewise, nurses may wear emotional masks as a defence against their own discomfort and fears concerning the disorders. Comprehensive nursing management of NF is realized only as nurses and patients relinquish their respective masks. This article examines the nurse's role in genetic disorders with special considerations presented by NF. Adaptation to NF involves coping with NF and its accompanying sequelae and coping with life as it is affected by NF. The concepts of 'chromosomal coping', 'genetophobia', 'genetic guilt, and 'genetic overload syndrome' are presented and analyzed utilizing the theoretical nursing frameworks of Imogene King and Sister Callista Roy.

  12. Refining SCJ Mission Specifications into Parallel Handler Designs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Zeyda

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Safety-Critical Java (SCJ is a recent technology that restricts the execution and memory model of Java in such a way that applications can be statically analysed and certified for their real-time properties and safe use of memory. Our interest is in the development of comprehensive and sound techniques for the formal specification, refinement, design, and implementation of SCJ programs, using a correct-by-construction approach. As part of this work, we present here an account of laws and patterns that are of general use for the refinement of SCJ mission specifications into designs of parallel handlers used in the SCJ programming paradigm. Our notation is a combination of languages from the Circus family, supporting state-rich reactive models with the addition of class objects and real-time properties. Our work is a first step to elicit laws of programming for SCJ and fits into a refinement strategy that we have developed previously to derive SCJ programs.

  13. Use of seeded exotic grasslands by wintering birds

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, Andrew D.; O'Connell, Timothy J.; Hickman, Karen R.; Leslie,, David M.

    2013-01-01

    Despite widespread population declines of North American grassland birds, effects of anthropogenic disturbance of wintering habitat of this guild remain poorly understood. We compared avian abundance and habitat structure in fields planted by the exotic grass Old World bluestem (Bothriochloa ischaemum; OWB) to that in native mixed-grass prairie. During winters of 2007-2008 and 2008-2009, we conducted bird and vegetation surveys in six native grass and six OWB fields in Garfield, Grant, and Alfalfa counties, Oklahoma. We recorded 24 species of wintering birds in native fields and 14 species in OWB monocultures. While vegetation structure was similar between field types, abundance of short-eared owls (Asio flammeus), northern harriers (Circus cyaneus) and Smith's longspurs (Calcarius pictus) was higher in OWB fields during at least one year. The use of OWB fields by multiple species occupying different trophic positions suggested that vegetation structure of OWB can meet habitat requirements of some wintering birds, but there is insufficient evidence to determine if it provides superior conditions to native grasses.

  14. Breeding avifauna of the Special Protection Area Natura 2000 ‘Grądy Odrzańskie’ in Czernica and Siechnice counties, Wrocław district (Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kopij Grzegorz

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In 2009, in the Special Protection Area Natura 2000 ‘Grądy Odrzańskie’ in Czernica and Siechnice counties, Wrocław district, 95 breeding bird species were recorded. For 33 of them, maps of distribution of their breeding pairs are presented and for the remaining a relative abundance was estimated based on line transect method. In 2009, the following species were recorded in the study area for the first time: Cygnus olor, Crex crex, Upupa epops, and Picus canus. On the other hand, 11 species recorded in 1978-87 as breeding in the study area (Ciconia nigra, Pernis apivorus, Milvus migrans, Milvus milvus, Falco tinnunculus, Gallinago gallinago, Limosa limosa, Tringa totanus, Riparia riparia, Anthus campestris, Phoenicurus phoenicurus were not recorded again in 2009. It has been shown that Saxicola torquata, Ficedula albicollis, Corvus corax and Remiz pendulinus have increased in numbers. The following species recorded in 2009 as breeding in the the study area: Cygnus olr, Ciconia ciconia, Circus aeruginosus, Crex crex, Alcedo atthis, Dryocopus martius, Picus canus, Dendrocopos medius, Lulula arborea, Sylvia nisoria, Ficedula albicollis, Lanius collurio and Emberiza hortulana are included in Annex 1 of the Bird Directive.

  15. Association of wintering raptors with Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program grasslands in Pennsylvania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, A.; Brittingham, M.; Grove, G.

    2010-01-01

    Conservation grasslands can provide valuable habitat resource for breeding songbirds, but their value for wintering raptors has received little attention. We hypothesized that increased availability of grassland habitat through the Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP) has resulted in an increase or redistribution in numbers of four species of raptors in Pennsylvania since 2001. We tested this by analyzing winter raptor counts from volunteer surveys, conducted from 2001 to 2008, for Red-tailed Hawks (Buteo jamaicensis), Rough-legged Hawks (Buteo lagopus), Northern Harriers (Circus cyaneus), and American Kestrels (Falco sparverius). During that period, numbers of wintering Northern Harriers increased by more than 20% per year. Log-linear Poisson regression models show that all four species increased in the region of Pennsylvania that had the most and longest-established conservation grasslands. At the county scale (N= 67), Bayesian spatial models showed that spatial and temporal population trends of all four species were positively correlated with the amount of conservation grassland. This relationship was particularly strong for Northern Harriers, with numbers predicted to increase by 35.7% per year for each additional 1% of farmland enrolled in CREP. Our results suggest that conservation grasslands are likely the primary cause of the increase in numbers of wintering Northern Harriers in Pennsylvania since 2001. ?? 2010 The Authors. Journal of Field Ornithology ?? 2010 Association of Field Ornithologists.

  16. Variations of the high-level Balmer line spectrum of the helium-strong star Sigma Orionis E

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Myron A

    2007-01-01

    Using the high-level Balmer lines and continuum, we trace the density structure of two magnetospheric disk segments of the prototypical Bp star sigma Ori E (B2p) as these segments occult portions of the star during the rotational cycle. High-resolution spectra of the Balmer lines >H9 and Balmer edge were obtained on seven nights in January-February 2007 at an average sampling of 0.01 cycles. We measured equivalent width variations due to the star occultations by two disk segments 0.4 cycles apart and constructed differential spectra of the migrations of the corresponding absorptions across the Balmer line profiles. We first estimated the rotational and magnetic obliquity angles. We then simulated the observed Balmer jump variation using the model atmosphere codes synspec/circus and evaluated the disk geometry and gas thermodynamics. We find that the two occultations are caused by two disk segments. The first of these transits quickly, indicating that the segment resides in a range of distances, perhaps 2.5-6R...

  17. Raptor community composition in the Texas Southern High Plains lesser prairie-chicken range

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behney, A.C.; Boal, Clint W.; Whitlaw, H.A.; Lucia, D.R.

    2012-01-01

    Predation can be a factor in preventing prey population growth and sustainability when prey populations are small and fragmented, and when predator density is unrelated to the density of the single prey species. We conducted monthly raptor surveys from February 2007 to May 2009 in adjacent areas of the Texas Southern High Plains (USA) that do and do not support lesser prairie-chickens (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus), a candidate for protection under the Endangered Species Act. During the summer period corresponding to prairie-chicken nesting and brood-rearing, Swainson's hawks (Buteo swainsoni) were the most abundant raptor. During the lekking and overwintering period, the raptor community was diverse, with northern harriers (Circus cyaneus) being the most abundant species. Raptor abundance peaked during the early autumn and was lowest during the spring. Utility poles were a significant predictor of raptor density at survey points and Swainson's hawks and all raptors, pooled, were found in greater densities in non-prairie-chicken habitat dominated by mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa). Avian predation risk on prairie-chickens, based on presence and abundance of raptors, appears to be greatest during winter when there is a more abundant and diverse raptor community, and in areas with utility poles.

  18. Normal and abnormal electrical propagation in the small intestine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lammers, W J E P

    2015-02-01

    As in other muscular organs, small intestinal motility is determined to a large degree by the electrical activities that occur in the smooth muscle layers of the small intestine. In recent decades, the interstitial cells of Cajal, located in the myenteric plexus, have been shown to be responsible for the generation and propagation of the electrical impulse: the slow wave. It was also known that the slow waves as such do not cause contraction, but that the action potentials ('spikes') that are generated by the slow waves are responsible for the contractions. Recording from large number of extracellular electrodes simultaneously is one method to determine origin and pattern of propagation of these electrical signals. This review reports the characteristics of slow wave propagation through the intestinal tube, the occurrence of propagation blocks along its length, which explains the well-known decrease in frequency, and the specific propagation pattern of the spikes that follow the slow waves. But the value of high-resolution mapping is highest in discovering and analysing mechanisms of arrhythmias in the gut. Most recently, circus movements (also called 're-entries') have been described in the small intestine in several species. Moreover, several types of re-entries have now been described, some similar to what may occur in the heart, such as functional re-entries, but others more unique to the small intestine, such as circumferential re-entry. These findings seem to suggest the possibilities of hitherto unknown pathologies that may be present in the small intestine.

  19. El nuevo Madison Square Garden – (EE.UU.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luckman, Ch.

    1971-05-01

    Full Text Available The Madison Square Garden Sports and Amusements Center comprises the following. 1. A circular building, 129.54 m in diameter and 45.72 m high, which houses the New Madison Square Garden and many other facilities. The arena sits 20.250 spectators, who can watch hockey, basketball, cycling, boxing, circus shows, ice skating, special displays, variety shows, meetings and other kinds of performance. 2. An office block on Seventh Avenue, with a useful floor area for office use amounting to 111,500 m2 and a further 4,800 m2 of floor area on the first two floors for commercial and banking activities.Forman parte del Centro Deportivo y de Atracciones Madison Square Garden: 1 Un edificio circular, de 129,54 m de diámetro y 45,72 m de altura, que aloja el Nuevo Madison Square Garden y otras muchas instalaciones. Tiene capacidad para 20.250 asientos, y en él se pueden celebrar espectáculos de: hockey, baloncesto, ciclismo, boxeo, circo, patinaje sobre hielo, acontecimientos especiales, variedades, asambleas y otros deportes de masas, etc. 2 Un edificio de oficinas que se alza contiguo a la Séptima Avenida, con una superficie útil de 111.500 m2 destinada a oficinas, y otra de 4.800 m2, en las plantas primera y segunda, dedicada a actividades comerciales y bancarias.

  20. Uma Forma Inédita, em «Terra Sigillata» Hispânica, no Museu Nacional de Arqueologia e Etnologia de Lisboa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María García Pereira MAIA

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Un jarro de «terra sigillata» conservado en el museo nacional de Lisboa posee algunas características no dadas todavía a conocer. No tiene decoración. Presenta una sola asa y mide unos quince centímetros de altura con la boca en forma de labio muy conspicuo. Es de pasta color rosa, de grano muy fino y muchas impurezas. El barniz de color bermejo acastañado conserva un buen brillo, delgado y de poca adherencia. La forma de la boca de dicho ejemplar no es frecuente en las piezas romanas de barro cocido. Cronológicamente presenta afinidades con ejemplares hispánicos que apuntan en torno al siglo II d. C.ABSTRACT: The A. presents what she believes to be a new form of Hispanic «Sigillata», from rhe Roman «Villa» of Torre de Palma (Alentejo, Portugal and kept in the Museu Nacional de Arqueologia e Etnologia of Lisbon. It is a plain one-handled jar, which main characteristic is a circus round the mouth, rather uncummon either on «Sigillata» or on wraph wear. On the basis of some formal similitudes with Hispanic Form 20, mouthes found on glass-ware from the I I century on, and of the quality of the slip, the A. suggests, as a mere hypothesis, a chronology not far from the I I century a.D.

  1. Patient communication factor and crisis management in medical disputes%医疗纠纷中的患方传播因素与危机管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴卫青; 江一峰; 许翔

    2012-01-01

    医疗纠纷发生和持续过程中,都有患方当事者和围观群众,他们对其他人进行传播的方式和时间是对医院形象损害的最主要体现.本文通过调查分析233例患者在医疗纠纷发生后对医院的评价及其传播行为,研究医疗纠纷中患方传播因素对医院外在和内在形象的负面影响,并就这些影响和涉及到的医院危机管理进行了讨论.%In the occurrence and continuing process of medical disputes, there are the concerned patient party and the circuses, whose manner and time of communication with other people are the major reflection of damage to the hospital image. By analyzing 233 patients' evaluation of the hospital and their communication manners after the occurrence of medical disputes, this paper studies the negative influence of patient communication factor on the external and internal images of the hospital and discusses this influence and concerning hospital crisis management.

  2. Helminth fauna of Falconiform and Strigiform birds of prey in Galicia, Northwest Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanmartín, M L; Alvarez, F; Barreiro, G; Leiro, J

    2004-02-01

    This is a survey of the helminth fauna of 285 individuals of 14 species of birds of prey (Falconiformes and Strigiformes) from Galicia (northwest Spain), namely Buteo buteo, Accipiter nisus, A. gentilis, Milvus migrans, M. milvus, Pernis apivorus, Circus pygargus, Falco tinnunculus, F. peregrinus, F. subbuteo, Tyto alba, Strix aluco, Asio otus and Athene noctua. A total of 15 helminth species were detected, namely 8 nematodes ( Eucoleus dispar, Capillaria tenuissima, Synhimantus laticeps, Microtetrameres sp., Physaloptera alata, Procyrnea leptoptera, Hovorkonema variegatum and Porrocaecum angusticolle), 4 cestodes ( Cladotaenia globifera, Paruterina candelabraria and Mesocestoides sp.), 2 trematodes ( Neodiplostomum attenuatum and Strigea falconis), and 1 acanthocephalan ( Centrorhynchus globocaudatus). The helminth communities observed were basically similar, although there were marked differences in species richness, which was higher in falconiforms (except for A. gentilis) than in strigiforms. More specifically, species richness was highest in B. buteo (13 species), followed by A. nisus (11 species). In the falconiforms, the helminth species present generally exhibited a clear relationship with host diet. In the strigiforms, by contrast, species richness was lower than expected given the host's diet, suggesting that a different explanation is needed. PMID:14714181

  3. The functional response of a generalist predator.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Smout

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Predators can have profound impacts on the dynamics of their prey that depend on how predator consumption is affected by prey density (the predator's functional response. Consumption by a generalist predator is expected to depend on the densities of all its major prey species (its multispecies functional response, or MSFR, but most studies of generalists have focussed on their functional response to only one prey species. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Using Bayesian methods, we fit an MSFR to field data from an avian predator (the hen harrier Circus cyaneus feeding on three different prey species. We use a simple graphical approach to show that ignoring the effects of alternative prey can give a misleading impression of the predator's effect on the prey of interest. For example, in our system, a "predator pit" for one prey species only occurs when the availability of other prey species is low. CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: The Bayesian approach is effective in fitting the MSFR model to field data. It allows flexibility in modelling over-dispersion, incorporates additional biological information into the parameter priors, and generates estimates of uncertainty in the model's predictions. These features of robustness and data efficiency make our approach ideal for the study of long-lived predators, for which data may be sparse and management/conservation priorities pressing.

  4. Mold Hysteria: Origin of the Hoax

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Chang

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The topic of building related illness came into the public's eye as a major health issue in the mid 1970s, when several cases of pneumonia were found to be associated with an infectious agent in Philadelphia. This agent was subsequently found to be a gram-positive bacterium known as Legionella pneumoniae. During the ensuing 30 years, a myriad of symptom constellations, disorders, clinical syndromes and illnesses have been attributed to indoor living or working environments. Over time, there appeared to be no limit to claims of building related illness, and it was “reported” that almost any kind of clinical symptom, real or imaginary, could be blamed on indoor environments. As society became more and more litigious, many of these disorders were erroneously played out in courtrooms rather than medical offices, creating a circus atmosphere surrounding this class of disorders. With the advent of the internet, as well as other advances in telecommunications, these issues eventually became part of a media frenzy, and all truths could be thrown out the window as issues became more and more decided upon by emotions and unfounded beliefs, rather than scientific data and logical thinking.

  5. An example of an interspecific chick rearing in Birds of Prey: the Marsh Harrier grown by the Greater Spotted Eagle in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor V. Karyakin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available We visited a breeding territory of the Greater Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga in Zavyalivskiy Wildlife Preserve of Altai Region on the 1st August, 2014. In the nest, located in a pine tree, we found a fledgling of the Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus and a nestling of the Greater Spotted Eagle in the first juvenile plumage. When we approached the nest, the female GSE flew off, followed by the fledgling of the Harrier, who uttered food-begging calls, but soon returned to the nest. The present situation possibly emerged after the adult eagle caught a nestling of the harrier but failed to kill it. Judging by prey remains near the nest, another nestling of the Marsh Harrier was eaten at the age of 25 days. But the second one survived and begun to call for food. The maternal instinct of the female Greater Spotted Eagle would have prevented her from killing the harrier, instead prompting her to feed it.

  6. Habitat-dependent effect of a rare predator on apparent survival of male Black-headed Bunting

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    Jelena Kralj

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Both habitat changes and predation can cause population declines in farmland birds. Habitat changes may allow novel or invasive alien predators to establish populations in new environments, which can have major ecological consequences for native prey species. We studied effects of a novel avian predator, the Montagu's Harrier (Circus pygargus, on the survival of male Black-headed Buntings (Emberiza melanocephala. Between 2011 and 2015, survival of 35 territorial Black-headed Bunting males was monitored and their apparent survival in years with and without predators was computed. The apparent monthly survival (reported ± SE was very high during the breeding seasons when Montagu's Harrier was not present (0.957 ± 0.035 as well as in nonbreeding periods (0.981 ± 0.011. It was significantly lower during the breeding season of 2013 when Montagu's Harrier was present in the area (0.600 ± 0.136. Changes in habitat structure due to alteration in agricultural practice and temporal changes in weather conditions have presumably enabled Montagu's Harriers to breed in the study area and led to increases in the importance of birds in Montagu's Harrier's diet. The appearance of Montagu's Harriers in the study area strongly coincided with the steep decrease in the apparent survival of the male Black-headed Buntings. The lack of appropriate response in male Black-headed Buntings made them extremely vulnerable to attacks of this aerial predator.

  7. Don't be such a scientist talking substance in an age of style

    CERN Document Server

    Olson, Randy

    2009-01-01

    How to relate scientific information in a way that entertains and enlightens? After twenty years as a marine biologist, a Ph.D. from Harvard, a tenured professorship at the University of New Hampshire, and more than twenty published research papers, why is Dr. Randy Olson telling readers, 'Don't Be Such a Scientist'? The hard-earned advice comes from a fifteen-year career transition to filmmaking, culminating in the acclaimed documentaries "Flock of Dodos: The Evolution-Intelligent Design Circus" and "Sizzle: A Global Warming Comedy". In his first book, Olson makes clear what those glued to their microscopes and climate models may not recognize: the general public doesn't speak science. For better or worse, most of us rely not on intellect, but on what Olson terms the organs of mass communication: the heart, the gut, and even 'the lower organs'. Why else do some still question the existence of global warming or evolution when the evidence is irrefutable? Drawing on his own hilarious - and at times humiliating...

  8. Abundance of diurnal raptors in relation to prairie dog colonies: Implications for bird-aircraft strike hazard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merriman, J.W.; Boal, C.W.; Bashore, T.L.; Zwank, P.J.; Wester, D.B.

    2007-01-01

    Some diurnal raptors are frequently observed at prairie dog (Cynomys sp.) colonies. As a result, some military installations have conducted prairie dog control activities to reduce the bird-aircraft strike hazard (BASH) potential of low-flying aircraft. To evaluate the validity of this management strategy, we assessed raptor associations with prairie dog colonies at 2 short-grass prairie study areas: southern Lubbock County, Texas, USA, and Melrose Bombing and Gunnery Range in east-central New Mexico, USA. We quantified diurnal raptors (i.e., Falconiformes) at plots occupied (colony plots) and unoccupied (noncolony plots) by black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus) at both sites throughout 2002. We compared the number of individual birds of a given species at colony and noncolony plots within each study area by season. Ferruginous hawks (Buteo regalis) and northern harriers (Circus cyaneus) were more abundant at colony plots, whereas Swainson's hawks (B. swainsoni) and American kestrels (Falco sparverius) were more abundant at noncolony plots. Red-tailed hawk (B. jamaicensis) abundance did not differ between the 2 plot types. Our results suggest prairie dog control as a method of reducing BASH potential may be effective at some sites but may be ineffective or even increase the BASH potential at others. Thus, bird-avoidance models assessing the BASH potential should be conducted on a site-specific basis using information on relative and seasonal abundances of individual raptor species and the relative strike risks they pose to aircraft.

  9. Promoting artistic quality in rhythmic gymnastics: a didactic analysis from high performance to school practice

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    Monique LOQUET

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In France, the curricula for physical education (PE place gymnastic activities in a set of competences named “Achieving a corporal performance for artistic and acrobatic aims”, alongside dance and circus arts. What place does Artistic occupy in gymnastic activities? Is an aesthetic gesture sufficient to be considered as part of an artistic activity? Defining the term «Artistic» is difficult in the field of sports, as descriptions usually come from the technique/Artistic dichotomy. Our analysis focuses on rhythmic gymnastics (RG, which is precisely seen as emblematic of this technique/Artistic division: on the one hand, technical rigor, prescriptions and rules; on the other hand, grace, creation and self-expression. We believe such compartmentalized categories are too schematic to define gymnasts’ and students’ activities, so we will examine their articulation points. We first present an overview of RG as a school practice in ordinary forms of teaching, then an historical analysis of RG as a sports practice, to highlight the unbridgeable gap between both school and sports practices, regarding technique/Artistic connections. We then propose three significant points of articulation (called games closely combining technical requirements and artistic commitment. We consider that the variation of the three games played in GR (creating, making beautiful, representing is the product of historical dynamics of this sport we call artistic. Finally, on this basis, we propose a learning game for novice students promoting the artistic quality of RG practice.

  10. Overview on stability of natural-circulation-cooled boiling water reactors during start-up. An experimental and modeling analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper provides an overview on numerical and experimental work focused on flashing-induced instabilities. These instabilities may occur in natural circulation two-phase systems when operated at low pressure and low power. Therefore they are of special interest for the start-up phase of natural circulation Boiling Water Reactors. The work presented in this paper has been performed within the framework of the NACUSP project (European-Union Fifth Framework Program). Experiments were carried out on a steam/water natural circulation loop (CIRCUS), built at the Delft University of Technology. Information was gained on the characteristics of the flow oscillations and on the void fraction production during flashing in stationary and transient conditions. A 3-D flow-pattern visualization was achieved by means of advanced instrumentation, namely wire-mesh sensors. On the basis of the experimental results, an assessment of existing drift-flux models was performed for flashing flow. The most suitable drift-flux model was implemented in the 4-equations two-phase model FLOCAL, developed at the Forschungszentrum Rossendorf (FZR, Germany). The model allows for the liquid and steam to be in thermal non-equilibrium and, via drift-flux models, to have different velocities. A detail comparison between simulations and experiments is reported. (author)

  11. A commedia dell'arte e sua reoperacionalização The Commedia dell'arte and his reoperation

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    José Eduardo Vendramini

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Análise da commedia dell'arte a partir de uma perspectiva histórico-crítica, enfatizando-se as várias maneiras de sua apropriação no século XX. Partindo de elementos da commedia dell'arte, serão ressaltados os temas da migração do teatro de praça para o teatro fechado e a ampliação do modelo da commedia dell'arte para outras formas artísticas do século XX, como o cinema mudo, o circo e o carnaval.Analysis of the commedia dell'arte from a historico-critical perspective which emphasizes the various forms of its appropriation in the 20th Century. The themes of transformation of the open air theater into indoor theater and the extension of the model of the commedia dell'arte to other art forms of the 20th Century, such as the silent movies, the circus and the Carnival will be brought to light from elements of the commedia dell'arte.

  12. Tuberculosis in elephants-a reemergent disease: diagnostic dilemmas, the natural history of infection, and new immunological tools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maslow, J N; Mikota, S K

    2015-05-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) in elephants has been described since ancient times. However, it was not until 1996 when infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis was identified in a herd of circus elephants that significant research into this disease began. The epidemiology and natural history of TB were unknown in elephants since there had been no comprehensive screening programs, and diagnostic techniques developed for cervidae and bovidae were of unknown value. And, while precepts of test and slaughter were the norm for cattle and deer, this was considered untenable for an endangered species. With no precedent for the treatment of TB in animals, treatment regimens for elephants were extrapolated from human protocols, which guided changes to the Guidelines for the Control of Tuberculosis in Elephants. In the absence of diagnostic testing to confirm cure in elephants, the efficacy of these treatment regimens is only beginning to be understood as treated elephants die and are examined postmortem. However, because of pressures arising from public relations related to elephant husbandry and the added considerations of TB infection in animals (whether real or imagined), sharing of information to aid in research and treatment has been problematic. Here we review the challenges and successes of the diagnosis of tuberculosis in elephants and discuss the natural history of the disease to put the work of Landolfi et al on the immunological response to tuberculosis in elephants in perspective. PMID:25633896

  13. Stagnering en transformering: die rol van die nar in Paljas

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    A. Nel

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Stagnation and transformation: The role of the clown in Paljas This article focuses on the central problem in the film Paljas, and the role of the clown in the process of transformation that is embedded in the story. The stagnation in interpersonal relationships and the accompanying problem of identity on a personal and social level constitute the problem underlying the narrative. The youngest child refuses to speak and dysfunctional family relationships and marital problems are evident. These problems can mainly be ascribed to the spatial isolation in which the characters find themselves. Attention is therefore paid to the way in which space functions in this film. The arrival of an absconded circus clown effects transformation and healing – especially by means of his picaresque performances and the notion of play. Subsequently this article concentrates on the characteristics of game/playing as a cultural activity and on its liberating value. The clown also has definite Biblical connotations as far as the aspects of betrayal and redemption are concerned. The process of transformation as depicted in this film is completed when the child starts speaking again, dysfunctional family relationships are restored and the family is reinstated in the community because of their restored social status.

  14. Modelling hen harrier dynamics to inform human-wildlife conflict resolution: a spatially-realistic, individual-based approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinonen, Johannes P M; Palmer, Stephen C F; Redpath, Steve M; Travis, Justin M J

    2014-01-01

    Individual-based models have gained popularity in ecology, and enable simultaneous incorporation of spatial explicitness and population dynamic processes to understand spatio-temporal patterns of populations. We introduce an individual-based model for understanding and predicting spatial hen harrier (Circus cyaneus) population dynamics in Great Britain. The model uses a landscape with habitat, prey and game management indices. The hen harrier population was initialised according to empirical census estimates for 1988/89 and simulated until 2030, and predictions for 1998, 2004 and 2010 were compared to empirical census estimates for respective years. The model produced a good qualitative match to overall trends between 1989 and 2010. Parameter explorations revealed relatively high elasticity in particular to demographic parameters such as juvenile male mortality. This highlights the need for robust parameter estimates from empirical research. There are clearly challenges for replication of real-world population trends, but this model provides a useful tool for increasing understanding of drivers of hen harrier dynamics and focusing research efforts in order to inform conflict management decisions. PMID:25405860

  15. Quantum physics reimagined for the general public

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobroff, Julien

    2015-03-01

    Quantum Physics has always been a challenging issue for outreach. It is invisible, non-intuitive and written in sophisticated mathematics. In our ``Physics Reimagined'' research group, we explore new ways to present that field to the general public. Our approach is to develop close collaborations between physicists and designers or graphic artists. By developing this new kind of dialogue, we seek to find new ways to present complex phenomena and recent research topics to the public at large. For example, we created with web-illustrators a series of 3D animations about basic quantum laws and research topics (graphene, Bose-Einstein condensation, decoherence, pump-probe techniques, ARPES...). We collaborated with designers to develop original setups, from quantum wave animated models or foldings to a superconducting circus with levitating animals. With illustrators, we produced exhibits, comic strips or postcards displaying the physicists in their labs, either famous ones or even our own colleagues in their daily life as researchers. With artists, we recently made a stop-motion picture to explain in an esthetic way the process of discovery and scientific publication. We will discuss how these new types of outreach projects allowed us to engage the public with modern physics both on a scientific and cultural level and how the concepts and process can easily be replicated and expanded by other physicists. We are at the precise time when creative tools, interfaces, and ways of sharing and learning are rapidly evolving (wikipedia, MOOCs, smartphones...). If scientists don't step forward to employ these tools and develop new resources, other people will, and the integrity of the science and underlying character of research risks being compromised. All our productions are free to use and can be downloaded at www.PhysicsReimagined.com (for 3D quantum videos, specific link: www.QuantumMadeSimple.com) This work benefited from the support of the Chair ``Physics Reimagined

  16. Opinion polls and the U.S. civil space program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraemer, Sylvia K.

    1993-11-01

    The conclusions that can be drawn from public opinion polls depend a great deal on what usually does not appear on the newspaper page or television screen. Subtle biases can result from the population interviewed, the time of day individuals were called, how a particular question was asked, or how the answer was interpreted. Examples are the 1961 Gallop Poll, the survey done for Rockwell International by the firm of Yankelovich, Skelly and White/Clancy Shulman, and the one done by Jon D. Miller of the International Center for the Advancement of Scientific Literacy. There is more to learn from opinion polls than that a good proportion of adult Americans support the space program. We can learn that social and economic security are not competing goals with space, but interdependent goals. If we want to increase public support for space, we must increase the number of Americans who have the economic freedom to take an interest in something besides getting by, day after day. We can also learn that the majority of those who support the space program can distinguish between the bread and circuses of space travel. They are content to experience extraordinary adventures in the movie theaters; for their tax dollars they want real return in expended scientific knowledge and understanding. Finally, we can learn that we need to increase that return, not just for scientific careers, but for the ordinary people who pay our bills and for their children, our children. Ultimately, the space program is for them, as all investments in the future must be.

  17. The Hoopla Over the Higgs Boson: A Window into the State of Science Journalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Adrian

    2012-10-01

    On July 4, experimenters at the European particle physics laboratory, CERN, near Geneva, Switzerland, held a special seminar in which they reported that they had at last discovered something resembling the Higgs boson, the last missing piece in particle physicists' standard model. The event drew more than 100 journalists, including myself, and the days leading up to the seminar evolved in almost a caricature of a media circus. Rumors coursed across the internet, bloggers prognosticated about what would be reported, anonymous sources whispered confidence levels to eager reporters, and on the very eve of the seminar CERN's own press office inadvertently leaked a video explaining many of the details. At a post-seminar press conference, dozens of photographers and videographers swarmed Peter Higgs, the eponymous theorist from the University of Edinburgh. Higgs even had his own handler to help him fend off the press onslaught. It was all great fun, but for a traditional journalist the event highlighted the many open questions we journalists now face. In the age of blogs and Twitter, does anybody really care that journalists try to put together fair, balanced, and accessible accounts of events? Or are people just as happy to get their information directly from researchers through their blogs or the lab through its press office? Is being first out with the story the only measure of success these days, or is there still a market for deeper analysis? I'll use the Higgs hoopla as a lens to lay out the questions as I see them. I am hoping to get the answers of the members of the audience in a discussion.

  18. Does timing of breeding matter less where the grass is greener? Seasonal declines in breeding performance differ between regions in an endangered endemic raptor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Sophie Garcia-Heras

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The timing of breeding can strongly influence individual breeding performance and fitness. Seasonal declines in breeding parameters have been often documented in birds, particularly in the Northern Hemisphere. Fewer studies have investigated whether seasonal declines in productivity vary in space, which would have implications for a species’ population dynamics across its distributional range. We report here on variation in the timing of breeding in the Black Harrier (Circus maurus, an endangered and endemic raptor to Southern Africa. We investigated how key breeding parameters (clutch size, nesting success and productivity varied with the timing of breeding, weather conditions (rainfall and temperature and between contrasted regions (coastal vs. interior-mountain. Black Harrier onset of breeding extended over an 8-month period, with a peak of laying between mid-August and end of September. We show a marked seasonal decline in all breeding parameters. Importantly, for clutch size and productivity these seasonal declines differed regionally, being more pronounced in interior-mountain than in coastal regions, where the breeding season was overall shorter. Timing of breeding, clutch size and productivity were also partly explained by weather conditions. In coastal regions, where environmental conditions, in particular rainfall, appear to be less variable, the timing of breeding matters less for breeding output than in interior-mountain regions, and breeding attempts thus occurred over a longer period. The former areas may act as population sources and be key in protecting the long-term population viability of this threatened endemic raptor. This study provides unique evidence for a regionally variable seasonal decline in breeding performance with implications for population biology and conservation.

  19. Engaging creative communities in an industrial city setting: A question of enclosure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris Gibson

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the politics and practicalities of research process in a major government-funded, academic/community collaborative research project on cultural assets in Wollongong, a regional industrial city 85 km south of Sydney, Australia. It does so through the theoretical concept of ‘enclosure’, which helps illuminate how policy discourses are framed, and reveals capacities to challenge and reframe policy imaginations through research. The setting is pivotal: Wollongong has a legacy of steel and coal industries that dominates contemporary discourses about the city’s future prosperity. Cultural industries such as music, film, art, circus and theatre have at various times been either marginalised as insignificant to economic futures or, when they have been noticed, have been worked into city planning in very particular ways – as cultural pastimes, as prospects for economic diversification or as means to renew socioeconomically disadvantaged neighbourhoods. Such visions have rested on notions of what constitutes ‘culture’ and ‘creativity’, with a focus on the performing arts, while other forms of vernacular creativity have remained largely unnoticed. Our research project has sought to respond to this, identifying and engaging with people involved in forms of vernacular creativity outside the arts orthodoxy among Wollongong’s blue-collar and youth populations (including surfboard shapers, Aboriginal rappers, custom car designers and alternative music subcultures. Our hope is that such engagement can better inform future planning for cultural industries in Wollongong. However, engaging with such creative communities is complicated, and in different times and places research strategies confronted apathy, suspicion, absence of representative organisation and ‘consultation fatigue’. We discuss our efforts at engagement with creative communities beyond the arts orthodoxy, and appraise some of the prospects and

  20. Demographic history, genetic structure and gene flow in a steppe-associated raptor species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garcia Jesus T

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Environmental preferences and past climatic changes may determine the length of time during which a species range has contracted or expanded from refugia, thereby influencing levels of genetic diversification. Connectivity among populations of steppe-associated taxa might have been maximal during the long glacial periods, and interrupted only during the shorter interglacial phases, potentially resulting in low levels of genetic differentiation among populations. We investigated this hypothesis by exploring patterns of genetic diversity, past demography and gene flow in a raptor species characteristic of steppes, the Montagu's harrier (Circus pygargus, using mitochondrial DNA data from 13 breeding populations and two wintering populations. Results Consistent with our hypothesis, Montagu's harrier has relatively low genetic variation at the mitochondrial DNA. The highest levels of genetic diversity were found in coastal Spain, France and central Asia. These areas, which were open landscapes during the Holocene, may have acted as refugia when most of the European continent was covered by forests. We found significant genetic differentiation between two population groups, at the SW and NE parts of the species' range. Two events of past population growth were detected, and occurred ca. 7500-5500 and ca. 3500-1000 years BP in the SW and NE part of the range respectively. These events were likely associated with vegetation shifts caused by climate and human-induced changes during the Holocene. Conclusions The relative genetic homogeneity observed across populations of this steppe raptor may be explained by a short isolation time, relatively recent population expansions and a relaxed philopatry. We highlight the importance of considering the consequence of isolation and colonization processes in order to better understand the evolutionary history of steppe species.

  1. Частный сектор культуры Республики Беларуси: становление и развитие (1991–2008

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    Димитрий [Dimitriĭ] А. [A.] Кривошей [Krivosheĭ

    2015-08-01

    national crafts, circuses

  2. REINTERPRETATION OF THE LATE PLEISTOCENE INGARANO CAVE DEPOSIT BASED ON THE FOSSIL BIRD ASSOCIATION (APULIA, SOUTH-EASTERN ITALY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CLAUDIA BEDETTI

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available We present a study of Late Pleistocene fossil bird remains from Ingarano (Apulia, SE Italy, based on the revision of previously published material and the study of unpublished fossils bones. New field observations make it possible to simplify the stratigraphy of the deposit compared to previous work. The systematic study of the fossil bird bones revealed the presence of 15 taxa, including two hypothetical ones: Circus aeruginosus, Buteo rufinus, Aquila chrysaëtos, Falco columbarius, Falco cherrug, Alectoris graeca, Perdix perdix, Columba livia, Otus scops, Nyctea scandiaca, Nyctea scandiaca vel Bubo bubo, Athene noctua, Pyrrhocorax graculus, Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax, Corvus corone, Corvus corone vel Corvus frugilegus, Corvus corax. Our detailed study also helps improve the taphonomical interpretation of the deposit: the remains from the lower layers were accumulated after mammalian predator activity and were transported over short distances, while the ones from the upper layers show sings of intense transport, such as fractures and surface abrasion. Two different bird assemblages were recognized, respectively from the lowermost and the upper layers of the clastic succession exposed in the Ingarano deposit; this difference is also confirmed by the fossil mammal remains. The systematic study makes it possible to make palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatic reconstructions: both assemblages indicate open environments, and the taxa of the lower layers indicate the presence of woods and wetlands with colder characteristics, while birds of the upper layers indicate drier and warmer conditions. This analysis, and the dating established through geochemical analyses and study of lithic artefacts, lead us to date the formation of the Ingarano deposit to the Late Pleistocene, in particular to the MIS 3. The presence of a layer dated to the MIS 2 at the base of the succession indicated in previous works cannot be confirmed. 

  3. EARLY TO LATE OLIGOCENE CALCAREOUS NANNOFOSSIL BIOEVENTS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN (UMBRIA-MARCHE BASIN, CENTRAL ITALY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PATRIZIA MAIORANO

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Calcareous nannofossil assemblages have been investigated by means of quantitative analyses in three Oligocene pelagic sections located in the Umbria-Marche Apennines (Central Italy. The studied sections mainly consist of marly limestones and marls belonging to the Scaglia Cinerea Formation, and include the interval between NP23 and NP25 representing a time interval of about 3.5 Ma. Biostratigraphic resolution is extremely low and only two standard bioevents are known, which are the FO of Sphenolithus ciperoensis and the LO of Sphenolithus distentus. The distribution patterns of poorly known or recently described calcareous nannofossils provided a valuable tool for improving the current biostratigraphic framework. The studied interval is characterized by significant changes in the calcareous nannofossil assemblages and by several extinction events. The last occurrence (LO and/or the last common occurrence (LCO here proposed are: the LO of Sphenolithus akropodus, the LO of Reticulofenestra circus, the LCO of Helicosphaera ethologa, the LCO of Helicosphaera compactathe LO of Discoaster tanii nodifer. The reversal in abundance between Sphenolithus predistentus and S. distentus provided an additional biostratigraphic constraint at the NP23-NP24 transition. In addition biometric criteria enabled the recognition of the first common occurrence (FCO of Cyclicargolithus abisectus > 12 mm as potential bioevent within NP24. The quantitative distribution of Sphenolithus distentus suggests to rely on the LCO of the species rather than on the LO, for the identification of NP24-NP25 boundary. The identified bioevents is a first step towards the improvement of the present Mediterranean biostratigraphic framework of the Oligocene geological record. A preliminary correlation of the bioevents to the Geomagnetic Polarity Time Scale is presented.

  4. Climate Catastrophe - The Giant Swindle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Energy is the life-blood of civilization. More than 80% of global energy is supplied by fossil fuels. And this will continue for the foreseeable future - if an implementation of the Kyoto Protocol does not lead to a dramatic decrease of these fuels causing worldwide turmoil of unprecedented dimensions. However, the scaremongering with a 'climate catastrophe' allegedly caused by 'greenhouse gas' emissions from the burning of fossil fuels is a huge hoax. Its only 'scientific' base is the IPCC management's enigmatic assessment: 'The balance of evidence suggests a discernable human influence on climate'. But even IPCC had to admit at the World Energy Conference in Tokyo in 1996: 'We have no evidence'. And all the scaremongering assertions of the protagonists of 'global warming' have been convincingly refuted by the world elite of scientists. This paper will: - show how the whole anti-CO2 campaign has been manipulated from the very beginning till today; - give great many scientific and logical reason why the arguments of the scaremongers are incorrect; - outline the catastrophic economic and social consequences of the proposed anti-CO2 measures - without any benefit for the environment of climate; - name the driving forces behind this campaign and their interests. The witchhunt against CO2 is an incredible scientific and political scandal, CO2 does not damage the environment at all, and labelling it a 'climate killer' is absurd. On the contrary, this gas is vital for the life on our plant, and a stronger concentration of CO2 will be beneficial by doubling plant growth and with this combatting global famine. And to pretend that we could influence - with a CO2 tax - the climate, is insane arrogance. Man is absolutely helpless when confronted with the forces of nature. The squandering of multimillions USD of taxpayer's money for the travelling circus of 'Climate summits' and the stultification of the population must stop. The 'global warming' lie is the biggest

  5. Assembly Hall de la Universidad de Illinois, USA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harrison & Abramovitz, Arquitectos

    1970-05-01

    Full Text Available The Assembly Hall of Illinois University has been constructed with an original reinforced and prestressed concrete structure. It has a seating capacity for 15,565 spectators, in addition to space for press, radio and TV. staff, for the performers, and for invalid spectators who use wheeled chairs. The seating capacity can be further extended by providing 1,500 portable chairs. This hall can be adapted to many uses, and has suitable equipment and installations for assemblies, theatrical and musical performances, ice skating, sports competitions and circus shows. The provision of this magnificent hall has made it possible to organise at the University of Illinois many activities that were not practicable before.Con una original estructura realizada a base de hormigón armado y pretensado ha sido construido el «Assembly Hall», de la Universidad de Illinois, con capacidad para 15.565 espectadores sentados —además de los espacios reservados a los representantes de la prensa, radio y T.V., artistas y espectadores inválidos que acudan en carritos de ruedas—. Puede ser ampliada colocando unas 1.500 sillas portátiles. El edificio está destinado a múltiples usos y dispone de los equipos e instalaciones adecuadas para todo tipo de celebraciones: asambleas, representaciones teatrales y musicales; espectáculos de: circo, patinaje sobre hielo, competiciones deportivas, etc., y ha permitido organizar, en el seno de la Universidad de Illinois, una serie de actividades que antes resultaban imposibles.

  6. Palacio de los Deportes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Candela Outeriño, F.

    1968-11-01

    Full Text Available This building was specially built for the Mexico Olympic Games, and was the site for the basketball competition. But during the design stage it was foreseen that it could be later adapted to various other uses, such as boxing matches, ice skating displays, theatre, circus, shows, etc. It has 19.834 seats for spectators. Its circular planform has a 180 m diameter, and there are three levels of organisation. — on the lower level there is accommodation for the competitors, the press and the organisers of the Olympic Competitions; — the main level houses the entrance halls, the stairs, and access to the lower and middle spectator stands; — the top level has the washrooms for the public, the special stands and access to the middle and top stands. The outstanding feature of this sports palace is its general structure, which from the outset was regarded as the dominant element of the design, and also defined its plastic and spatial quality.Este edificio, construido para los Juegos Olímpicos de México, fue destinado a los juegos de baloncesto, pero al proyectarlo se previó que posteriormente pudiera servir para múltiples usos: celebración de combates de boxeo, espectáculos sobre hielo, teatro, circo, etc. Tiene capacidad para 19.824 espectadores sentados. Su planta es circular, con un diámetro total de 180 m, y está organizada en tres niveles: — en el nivel inferior se alojan: los servicios para deportistas, prensa y organización del Certamen Olímpico; —el nivel principal alberga: los vestíbulos, escaleras y accesos a gradería baja y media; — y en el nivel superior se distribuyen: los servicios para público, palcos y accesos a gradería media y alta. En este Palacio de los Deportes destaca su estructura general que fue considerada, desde la fase del proyecto, como el elemento dominante de la composición, y el determinante de su sentido plástico y espacial.

  7. A Palaearctic migratory raptor species tracks shifting prey availability within its wintering range in the Sahel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trierweiler, Christiane; Mullié, Wim C; Drent, Rudi H; Exo, Klaus-Michael; Komdeur, Jan; Bairlein, Franz; Harouna, Abdoulaye; de Bakker, Marinus; Koks, Ben J

    2013-01-01

    Mid-winter movements of up to several hundreds of kilometres are typical for many migratory bird species wintering in Africa. Unpredictable temporary food concentrations are thought to result in random movements of such birds, whereas resightings and recoveries of marked birds suggest some degree of site fidelity. Only detailed (e.g. satellite) tracking of individual migrants can reveal the relative importance and the causes of site choice flexibility and fidelity. The present study investigates how mid-winter movements of a Palaearctic-African migratory raptor, Montagu's harrier Circus pygargus, in the Sahel of West Africa are related to the availability of food resources. Thirty harriers breeding or hatched in northern Europe were satellite tracked (2005-2009). On average, four home ranges, each separated by c. 200 km, were visited during one overwinter stay in the Sahel. Wintering home ranges were similar in size to breeding season home ranges (average over wintering and breeding home range size c. 200 km(2) ), and harriers showed high site fidelity between years. Most preferred habitat types in the Sahel were mosaics of grass- and cropland, indicating similar habitat preferences in both the breeding- and wintering seasons. The main prey of Montagu's harriers in the Sahel were grasshoppers Acrididae. Highest grasshopper numbers in the field occurred at relatively low vegetation greenness [normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) values 0.17-0.27]. We used NDVI as a proxy of food availability for harriers. During their overwinter stay, Montagu's harriers moved in a South-South-western direction between consecutive home ranges. The birds selected areas within the range of NDVI values associated with high grasshopper numbers, thus tracking a 'green belt' of predictable changes in highest grasshopper availability. Contrary to earlier hypotheses of random movements in the Sahelian-wintering quarters, the present study shows that Montagu's harriers visited

  8. Criaturas de la guerra. Memorias traumáticas de la guerra civil en el cine español contemporáneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Nicolás Meseguer

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available (se incluye en español y en inglés Este artículo aborda el estudio de un conjunto de películas de la primera década del siglo XXI que, con el trasfondo de la guerra civil y la posguerra, han construido relatos desde las coordenadas del cine fantástico y de terror. Estas películas que se distancian de la tradición del drama social y político, evidencian una forma distinta de mirar y sentir la historia española. Las películas a las que nos referimos son: El espinazo del diablo (2001 y El laberinto del fauno (2006, ambas de Guillermo del Toro; Balada triste de trompeta (2010, de Álex de la Iglesia; y El mar (2000 y Pa negre (2010, de Agustí Villaronga. En todas ellas hay un tema común: una infancia traumatizada por los desastres de la guerra. A través del presente artículo se analizarán estos relatos tomando como eje fundamental la presencia del concepto estético de «lo siniestro», auténtico motor ficcional  para el sustrato histórico de estos filmes. English title: «Children of the War. Traumatic memories of the Civil War on Spanish contemporary cinema» Keywords: Film aesthetics, Horror film, Uncanny, Spanish Civil War, Contemporary Spanish cinema Spanish Civil War films have traditionally been made according to the schemes of the political, social and historical drama. Over the last ten years, in addition to that dramatic tradition a new generation of movies has distanced itself from historical rigor, social and political reflections and the revision of the memory. This article looks at a group of contemporary fantasy and horror Spanish films: El mar / The Sea (2000 and Pa negre / Black Bread (2010, by Agustí Villaronga; El espinazo del Diablo I The Devil’s Backbone (2001 and El laberinto del fauno / Pan’s Labyrinth (2006, by the Mexican Guillermo del Toro; just as Alex de la Iglesia’s Balada triste de trompeta / The Last Circus (2010. All of them have a common topic: a childhood traumatized by the disasters of war

  9. Scientific-technical cooperation with Russia. Transient analyses for alternative types of water-cooled reactors. Final report; WTZ mit Russland. Transientenanalysen fuer wassergekuehlte Kernreaktoren. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rohde, Ulrich [Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (Germany). Inst. fuer Sicherheitsforschung; Kozmenkov, Yaroslav [Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (Germany). Inst. fuer Sicherheitsforschung; Institute of Physics and Power Engineering, Obninsk (Russian Federation); Pivovarov, Valeri; Matveev, Yurij [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering, Obninsk (Russian Federation)

    2010-12-15

    The recently developed multi-group version DYN3D-MG of the reactor dynamics code DYN3D has been qualified for applications to water-cooled reactor concepts different from industrial PWR and BWR. An extended DYN3D version was applied to the graphite-moderated pressure tube reactor EGP-6 (NPP Bilibino) and conceptual design studies of an advanced Boiling Water Reactor with reduced moderation (RMWR) as well as the RUTA-70 reactor for low temperature heat supply. Concerning the RUTA reactor, safe heat removal by natural circulation of the coolant at low pressure has to be shown. For the corresponding validation of thermo-hydraulic system codes like ATHLET and RELAP5, experiments on flashing-induced natural circulation instabilities performed at the CIRCUS test facility at the TU Delft were simulated using the RELAP5 code. For the application to alternative water-cooled reactors, DYN3D model extensions and modifications were implemented, in particular adaptations of heat conduction and heat transfer models. Performing code-to-code comparisons with the Russian fine-mesh neutron diffusion code ACADEM contributed to the verification of DYN3D-MG. Validation has been performed by calculating reactor dynamics experiments at the NPP Bilibino. For the reactors EGP-6, RMWR and RUTA, analyses of various protected and unprotected control rod withdrawal and ejection transients were performed. The beyond design basis accident (BDBA) scenario ''Coast-down of all main coolant pumps at nominal power without scram'' for the RUTA reactor was analyzed using the code complexes DYN3D/ATHLET and DYN3D/RELAP5. It was shown, that the reactor passes over to a save asymptotic state at reduced power with coolant natural circulation. Analyzing the BDBA ''Unprotected withdrawal of a control rod group'' for the RMWR, the safety against Departure from Nucleate Boiling (DNB) could not be shown with the necessary confidence. Finally, conclusions have been drawn

  10. Spring migration of waterbirds and raptors at Medvedce reservoir (Dravsko polje, NE Slovenia/ Spomladanska selitev vodnih ptic in ujed na zadrževalniku Medvedce (Dravsko polje, SV Slovenija

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bordjan Dejan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Spring migration of birds, particularly waterbirds and raptors, was monitored from dawn till dusk from an observation point located on the levee on the northern side of the Medvedce reservoir (Dravsko polje, NE Slovenia in three separate years (1-17 Mar 2009; 25 Mar-10 Apr 2011; 28 Feb-12 Apr 2012. In all three years, 42,045 individuals of 89 species (66 waterbirds, 23 raptors migrated over the site. 38,238 of these were waterbirds. The most numerous species was Lapwing Vanellus vanellus (11,813 individuals, followed by Blackheaded Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus (10,515 individuals. In total, 3807 migratory storks, raptors and Cranes Grus grus were counted. Harriers (2303 individuals were by far the most numerous group. The prevailing direction of migration was SW-NE. Half of all migrating birds were observed in the altitudinal belt between 10 and 100 m above ground level. Harriers were mostly observed up to 100 m above ground level, whereas storks, other raptors and Cranes were observed most often in the altitudinal belt between 100 and 500 m above ground level. The highest numbers of waterbirds were observed between 10 and 100 m above ground level. In the first five hours after sunrise, 61.3% of all waterbirds, 44.0% of all storks and raptors and only 20.5% of Cranes were observed. Although other parts of Dravsko polje have never been studied in such detail, it is possible that a significant portion of migrating birds from a larger area gathers at this site. This study confirms the importance of the area for migrating and staging birds, especially for Great Egret Ardea alba, Marsh Circus aeruginosus and Hen Harriers C. cyaneus, Osprey Pandion haliaetus, Crane, Ruff Calidris pugnax and Black-headed Gull that all reached at least 0.1% of their respective biogeographic populations. Internationally significant are particularly the numbers of migrating Marsh (1079 individuals in 2012 and Hen Harriers (408 individuals in 2012, as there are only few

  11. Recommendations on the use of prescribed burning practices in grassland conservation - An evidence-based study from Hungary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tóthmérész, Béla; Valkó, Orsolya; Török, Péter; Végvári, Zsolt; Deák, Balázs

    2015-04-01

    Fire as a natural disturbance has been present in most European grasslands. In parallel controlled use of burning was an important part of the traditional landscape management for millennia. It was used to reduce litter and suppress woody vegetation as well as to maintain open landscapes suitable for farming. Recently, human activities have a considerable impact on natural fire regimes through habitat fragmentation, cessation of traditional grassland management and climate change. Nowadays the majority of human-ignited fires are uncontrolled burnings and arson, which have serious negative impacts on human life, property and can be detrimental also from the nature conservation point of view. Despite fire was widely applied in the past and the considerable extension and frequency of current grassland fires, the impact of fire on the grassland biodiversity is still scarcely documented in Europe. The aim of our study was to gather practical knowledge and experiences from Hungary concerning the effects of fire on grasslands. To fulfil this aim we sent questionnaires to experts from Hungarian national park directorates to gather unpublished data and field observations concerning the effects of burning on grasslands. Based on the answers for the questionnaires fire regularly occur in almost every grassland types in Hungary. We found that effects of fire are habitat-specific. One hand uncontrolled burning and arson have serious detrimental impacts on many endangered species (ground-dwelling birds, such as Asio flammeus, Tringa totanus and Vanellus vanellus; or lizards, such as Ablepharus kitaibelii). On the other hand in several cases fire has a positive effect on the habitat structure and favours species of high nature conservation interest (plant species, such as Adonis volgensis, Chamaecytisus supinus and Pulsatilla grandis; butterflies, such as Euphydryas aurinia; bird species such as Circus aeruginosus and Larus cachinnans). Our results suggest that even uncontrolled

  12. MODELING OF CONVECTIVE STREAMS IN PNEUMOBASIC OBJECTS (Part 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. M. Khroustalev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents modeling for investigation of aerodynamic processes on area sections (including a group of complex constructional works for different regimes of drop and wind streams  and  temperature  conditions  and  in  complex  constructional  works  (for  different regimes of heating and ventilation. There were developed different programs for innovation problems solution in the field of heat and mass exchange in three-dimensional space of pres- sures-speeds-temperatures of оbjects.The field of uses of pneumobasic objects: construction and roof of tennis courts, hockey pitches, swimming pools , and also exhibitions’ buildings, circus buildings, cafes, aqua parks, studios, mobile objects of medical purposes, hangars, garages, construction sites, service sta- tions and etc. Advantages of such objects are the possibility and simplicity of multiple instal- lation and demolition works. Their large-scale implementation is determined by temperature- moisture conditions under the shells.Analytical and calculating researches, real researches of thermodynamic parameters of heat and mass exchange, multifactorial processes of air in pneumobasic objects, their shells in a wide range of climatic parameters of air (January – December in the Republic of Belarus, in many geographical latitudes of many countries have shown that the limit of the possibility of optimizing wind loads, heat flow, acoustic effects is infinite (sports, residential, industrial, warehouse, the military-technical units (tanks, airplanes, etc.. In modeling of convective flows in pneumobasic objects (part 1 there are processes with higher dynamic parameters of the air flow for the characteristic pneumobasic object, carried out the calculation of the velocity field, temperature, pressure at the speed of access of air through the inflow holes up to 5 m/sec at the moments of times (20, 100, 200, 400 sec. The calculation was performed using the developed mathematical

  13. Lead in hawks, falcons and owls downstream from a mining site on the Coeur D'Alene river, Idaho

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henny, C.J.; Blus, L.J.; Hoffman, D.J.; Grove, R.A.

    1994-01-01

    Mining and smelting at Kellogg-Smelterville, Idaho, resulted in high concentrations of lead in Coeur d'Alene (CDA) River sediments and the floodplain downstream, where American Kestrels (Falco sparverius), Northern Harriers (Circus cyaneus), Red-tailed Hawks (Buteo jamaicensis), Great Horned Owls (Bubo virginianus), and Western Screech-owls (Otus kennicotti) nested. Nestling American Kestrels contained significantly higher (P=0.0012) blood lead concentrations along the CDA River (0.24 ?g/g, wet wt) than the nearby reference area (0.087 ?g/g). A 35% inhibition of blood *-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) in nestling Northern Harriers (P=0.0001), 55% in nestling American Kestrels (P=0.0001) and 81% in adult American Kestrels (P=0.0004) provided additional evidence of lead exposure in the CDA River population. In nestling American Kestrels and Northern Harriers, ALAD activity was negatively correlated with lead in blood. An earlier report on Ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) showed slightly less inhibition of ALAD than in American Kestrels, but no significant reduction in hemoglobin or hematocrit and no negative influence on production rates. The adult and nestling American Kestrels along the CDA River contained about twice as much blood lead as Ospreys during the same years (adult 0.46 vs. 0.20 ?g/g, and nestling 0.24 vs. 0.09 ?g/g), but adults showed a 7.5% reduction in hemoglobin (P=0.0356) and nestlings an 8.2% reduction in hemoglobin (P=0.0353) and a 5.8% reduction in hematocrit (P=0.0482). We did not observe raptor deaths related to lead, and although the production rate for American Kestrels was slightly lower along the CDA River, we found no significant negative relation between productivity and lead. Limited data on the other raptors provide evidence of exposure to lead along the CDA River. Several traits of raptors apparently reduce their potential for accumulating critical levels of lead which is primarily stored in bones of prey species.

  14. The Peculiarities of Territorial Distribution and Abundance of Birds of Prey in Kharkiv Region, Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanislav G. Viter

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the features of the spatial distribution and abundance of birds of prey in the Kharkov region, Ukraine. Investigations were carried out in 2003–2013 years. Totaly we found 1569 nest sites of Falconiformes. There are 29 species of raptors in avifauna of Kharkiv region. Nine of them are wintering species and 16 – nesting. The highest number of nest sites we found in agricultural landscapes – 677 pairs. However, population density here is low, and high number of nest sites can be explained by large extension of this type of habitat. Also significant populations of birds of prey inhabit forest-steppe areas of Central Russian Upland (East European Plain – 468 pairs, steppe areas of Central Russian Upland – at least 279 pairs (notable that the size of steppe areas are 4 times smaller then forest-steppe areas, and gully forests on the spurs of Donets Ridge – 205 pairs (the size of this habitat in Kharkiv region is no more than 3 000 km2. The other habitats includes highlands in the forest-steppe zone covered with oak forests – 431 pairs, and floodplain forests in the valley of river Siverskyi Donets – 148 pairs (with rather small area of this habitat. These last two habitats are refuge for local populations of Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennata and Honey Buzzard (Pernis apivorus because these areas held the most stable nest sites and the highest density of these two species. The same could be said about gully forests on the spurs of Donets Ridge. The estimate number of breeding pairs of Falconiformes in gully forests is around 290 pairs. In this study, we also assessed the total number of breeding Birds of Prey in Kharkiv region. Here are our estimates: Honey Buzzard – 142–156 pairs, Black Kite (Milvus migrans – 133–148 pairs, White-Tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla – 26–28 pairs, Montagu’s Harrier (Circus pygargus – 174–191, Marsh Harrier (C. aeruginosus – 344–359, Northern Goshawk

  15. INCITE: A randomised trial comparing constraint induced movement therapy and bimanual training in children with congenital hemiplegia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilmore Rose

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Congenital hemiplegia is the most common form of cerebral palsy (CP accounting for 1 in 1300 live births. These children have limitations in capacity to use the impaired upper limb and bimanual coordination deficits which impact on daily activities and participation in home, school and community life. There are currently two diverse intensive therapy approaches. Traditional therapy has adopted a bimanual approach (BIM training and recently, constraint induced movement therapy (CIMT has emerged as a promising unimanual approach. Uncertainty remains about the efficacy of these interventions and characteristics of best responders. This study aims to compare the efficacy of CIMT to BIM training to improve outcomes across the ICF for school children with congenital hemiplegia. Methods/Design A matched pairs randomised comparison design will be used with children matched by age, gender, side of hemiplegia and level of upper limb function. Based on power calculations a sample size of 52 children (26 matched pairs will be recruited. Children will be randomised within pairs to receive either CIMT or BIM training. Both interventions will use an intensive activity based day camp model, with groups receiving the same dosage of intervention delivered in the same environment (total 60 hours over 10 days. A novel circus theme will be used to enhance motivation. Groups will be compared at baseline, then at 3, 26 and 52 weeks following intervention. Severity of congenital hemiplegia will be classified according to brain structure (MRI and white matter fibre tracking, cortical excitability using Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS, functional use of the hand in everyday tasks (Manual Ability Classification System and Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS. Outcomes will address neurovascular changes (functional MRI, functional connectivity, and brain (reorganisation (TMS, body structure and function (range of motion, spasticity

  16. El subsuelo de la Torre del Pretorio: substructiones de tradición helenística bajo la sede del Concilium Prouinciae Hispaniae Citerioris (Tarraco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serena Vinci, M.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the study of a complex architectonical area within the so-called provincial forum of Tarraco. The analysis of the architectonical stratigraphy and of the construction processes has been a fundamental tool to understand an area characterized by a complicated urban evolution, showing the development of the building project of such a vast construction as it is the provincial forum. Unfortunately, the absence of data provided by archaeological excavations limits the definition of a precise absolute chronology. The process of transforming the top of Tarraco’s hill into a monumental area started, according to historical and numismatic sources, during the Julio-Claudian era was completed in the Flavian one by ending this monumental complex distributed in three platforms. The area here analysed, placed close to the circus, belongs to a system of substructiones which commonly features those forum and sacred complexes organized in platforms at different levels.El artículo presenta el estudio de un área arquitectónicamente compleja, integrada dentro del denominado Foro Provincial de Tarraco. El análisis de la estratigrafía arquitectónica y de los procesos de construcción, ha representado un instrumento fundamental para la interpretación de un área caracterizada por una compleja evolución urbanística, poniendo en evidencia el desarrollo del proyecto constructivo de una obra de gran envergadura como la del Foro Provincial. Desafortunadamente, la ausencia de datos procedentes de las excavaciones arqueológicas, ha limitado la definición de una cronología absoluta exacta. El proceso de monumentalización de la cima de la colina tarraconense iniciado, según las fuentes históricas y numismáticas, en época julio-claudia, culminó en época Flavia con la finalización del complejo monumental distribuido en tres terrazas. El sector que se examina, situado junto al circo, se encuadra dentro de un sistema de substructiones que a

  17. Japan - UK Conference: Trends in Physics and Chemistry Education in Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-11-01

    always benefits from gaining a wider view. Whether this is a need to see a classroom other than your own, a school other than your own or a country other than your own, the result is the same: setting challenges and discussions in context and helping to provide a sense of perspective. What we had to give to the conference During the conference the British contingent reviewed the present state of science education in Britain, particularly giving information on the Institute of Physics 16-19 Initiative and National Curriculum consultation, concentrating rather more on the principles than the detail, which by nature was not immediately relevant to the audience. To this was added a research perspective on Children's Learning in Science, focusing on the importance of discussion and conversation in reaching understanding. The central day was dominated by workshops attempting to argue why we undertake some experimental work in physics education. Four possible purposes of practical work were identified and then demonstrated by a hands-on practical circus. An investigative practical, necessarily open-ended and probably empirically messy, possibly not yielding clean results. A clearly illustrative practical intended to readily allow observation and discussion of a phenomenon with the ability to alter appropriate parameters and stimulating discussion. Practical work intended to produce clear, reproducible, reliable results if good care is taken: the `can-do' aspect of physics giving pride in obtaining a result. The demonstration intended to stimulate teacher-led class discussion. The abiding memory of this practical circus was of its role as the ultimate international ice-breaker. Previously formal conference discussion became animated and language difficulties became less important as teachers engaged in the truly international business of playing with and becoming fascinated with practical apparatus. What we gained from the conference On the Saturday evening we were treated to

  18. J. M. Coetzee’s unsettling portrayals of Elizabeth Costello = Os retratos vexatórios de J. M. Coetzee sobre Elizabeth Costello

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Giovannelli

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the vexed question of animal and human rights byfocusing on Coetzee’s ‘trilogy’ connected with Elizabeth Costello’s lecturing and experiencing, from her anti-Cartesian stances and sympathetic imagination advocated in The lives of animals, through the eight lessons which she frantically goes over and delivers like a ‘circus seal’, or even happens to be taught (in Elizabeth Costello, up to Slow man, where she turns into the waspish, vulpine ‘Costello woman’ preying on tortoise-like Paul Rayment. As such a debasing hybridization may already suggest, the committed intellectual shall lose track of her formerly heated debates on animals as ‘embodied souls’ and divinely created beings to be held in great respect, to enter a region of ethical ambivalence where biological and axiological boundaries are deviously blurred. Textual evidence andcommentaries on Coetzee’s fictional world and thematic concerns are provided to single out the stages of this unsettling metamorphosis, a process through which Costello wavers between Franciscan self-effacement and dictatorial omniscience. In the upshot, the striving after a recognition of animal dignity is seemingly supplanted by a debasement of the human person into a pet or a beast, as though she had lost herself in a labyrinth of fumbling speculation.O problema vexatório sobre os direitos dos animais e das pessoas é analisado pela trilogia de Coetzee, ou seja, a partir das conferências e das experiências de Elizabeth Costello, nas quais propõe sua posição anticartesiana e sua imaginação simpatética defendida em The lives of animals, versando sobre as oito aulas que ela ministra como ‘uma foca circense’ ou até quando é tutelada (em Elizabeth Costello, até Slow man, onde se transforma na ‘fêmeaCostello’, uma loba que age como predadora junto ao lento Paul Rayment. Como a hibridização acima mencionada pode sugerir, o intelectual pode se esquecer dos

  19. [Status of law-making on animal welfare].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polten, B

    2007-03-01

    Since the last report there have been major revisions of laws and ordinances. Deliberations on rules of Community law were also continued. On national level, the Act on the Shoeing of Horses amending the Animal Welfare Act and amendments of animal welfare provisions as well as the Deregulation Act were prepared, some of which have meanwhile entered into force. At legislative level, the work on the ratification laws for the Council of Europe conventions (Strasbourg) was concluded in order to enable Germany to adopt the revisions. They include (1) the European Convention for the protection of animals used for experimental purposes and (2) the European Convention for the protection of animals during international transport. At the level of ordinances, the amendment and extension of the Animal Welfare -Farm Animal Husbandry Ordinance are of vital importance for the sections on pig farming and laying hen husbandry. Another section refers to the husbandry of fur animals, on which an ordinance has been submitted to the Bundesrat (German upper house of Parliament). Deliberations on this issue have been adjourned. Drafts of a circus register were prepared to amend the Animal Welfare Act and to adopt a separate ordinance, and they are being discussed with the federal states and associations. Previously,the rules of Community law in the area of animal welfare were adopted as EC directives which the member states had to transfer in national law. This was done by incorporating them into national laws or ordinances, with non-compliance having to be sanctioned. It is the member states' responsibility to establish sanctions. Yet the Commission has introduced a directly operative animal welfare legislation by adopting EC Regulation 1/2005 on the protection of animals during transport. This means that a national implementation is not required. Nevertheless, the establishment of sanctions continues to be the responsibility of the member states. A special authorisation by the

  20. Mechanical-mathematical modeling for landslide process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svalova, V.

    2009-04-01

    500 m and displacement of a landslide in the plan over 1 m. Last serious activization of a landslide has taken place in 2002 with a motion on 53 cm. Catastrophic activization of the deep blockglide landslide in the area of Khoroshevo in Moscow took place in 2006-2007. A crack of 330 m long appeared in the old sliding circus, along which a new 220 m long creeping block was separated from the plateau and began sinking with a displaced surface of the plateau reaching to 12 m. Such activization of the landslide process was not observed in Moscow since mid XIX century. The sliding area of Khoroshevo was stable during long time without manifestations of activity. Revealing of the reasons of deformation and development of ways of protection from deep landslide motions is extremely actual and difficult problem which decision is necessary for preservation of valuable historical monuments and modern city constructions. The reasons of activization and protective measures are discussed. Structure of monitoring system for urban territories is elaborated. Mechanical-mathematical model of high viscous fluid was used for modeling of matter behavior on landslide slopes. Equation of continuity and an approximated equation of the Navier-Stockes for slow motions in a thin layer were used. The results of modelling give possibility to define the place of highest velocity on landslide surface, which could be the best place for monitoring post position. Model can be used for calibration of monitoring equipment and gives possibility to investigate some fundamental aspects of matter movement on landslide slope.

  1. Study on Electrophysiological Properties of Atrial and Atriovent ricular Node in Patients with Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation%阵发性心房颤动者心房内及房室结电生理特性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高修仁; 刘思明; 马虹; 柳俊; 王业松; 梁耀荣

    2001-01-01

    【Objective】 To compare the difference of electrophy siological properties in atrial and atrioventricular node between patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and normal adults, and to study the initiation ra te of atrial fibrillation in the two groups. 【Methods】 The electrophysiologica l preperties were detected by the technique of esophagus-atrial program pacing in 182 patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and 30 normal adults. 【Resu lt】 ①The initiation rate of atrial fibrillation by the technique of esophagus -atrial pacing was 95.6%; ②In the state of normal sinus rhythm and in basic c ycle length, There was no difference in atrial and A-V node conduction function between the two groups; ③The atrial effective refrectory period (ERPA) was s ignificantly shortened and both atrial relative refrectory period (RRPA) and i ntra-atrial conduction delay (IACD) were significantly lengthened in the atrial fibrillation group when compared with the control group by using premature impu lse. 【Conclusion】 ①In patients with atrial fibrillation, the abnormalities of electrophysiological property would favor the development of micro-circus move ment; ②The esophagus-atrial pacing may be the useful method for identifing the clinical diagnosis of suspected atrial fibrillation but short of evidence of el etrocardiogram.%【目的】 比较阵发性心房颤动(简称阵发性房颤)者及正常人 心房内及房室结的电生理特性差异,通过调搏刺激研究两者的房颤诱发成功率。【方法】 用食道心房调搏技术对182例阵发性房颤者及30例健康成年人进行程序刺激并作电生理测 定。【结果】 ①食道心房调搏术对阵发性房颤者的诱发成功率高达95.6%;②窦律及基础 起搏情况下两组的房内传导及房室传导无统计学差别;③早搏刺激下阵发性房颤者以心房有 效不 应期缩短、相对不应期延长、及房间传导时间延长为主要特点

  2. Determination of sound types and source levels of airborne vocalizations by California sea lions, Zalophus californianus, in rehabilitation at the Marine Mammal Center in Sausalito, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwalm, Afton Leigh

    California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) are a highly popular and easily recognized marine mammal in zoos, aquariums, circuses, and often seen by ocean visitors. They are highly vocal and gregarious on land. Surprisingly, little research has been performed on the vocalization types, source levels, acoustic properties, and functions of airborne sounds used by California sea lions. This research on airborne vocalizations of California sea lions will advance the understanding of this aspect of California sea lions communication, as well as examine the relationship between health condition and acoustic behavior. Using a PhillipsRTM digital recorder with attached microphone and a calibrated RadioShackRTM sound pressure level meter, acoustical data were recorded opportunistically on California sea lions during rehabilitation at The Marine Mammal Center in Sausalito, CA. Vocalizations were analyzed using frequency, time, and amplitude variables with Raven Pro: Interactive Sound Analysis Software Version 1.4 (The Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY). Five frequency, three time, and four amplitude variables were analyzed for each vocalization. Differences in frequency, time, and amplitude variables were not significant by sex. The older California sea lion group produced vocalizations that were significantly lower in four frequency variables, significantly longer in two time variables, significantly higher in calibrated maximum and minimum amplitude variables, and significantly lower in frequency at maximum and minimum amplitude compared with pups. Six call types were identified: bark, goat, growl/grumble, bark/grumble, bark/growl, and grumble/moan. The growl/grumble call was higher in dominant beginning, ending, and minimum frequency, as well as in the frequency at maximum amplitude compared with the bark, goat, bark/grumble calls in the first versus last vocalization sample. The goat call was significantly higher in first harmonic interval than any other call type

  3. Spectro-imaging of M 82 at 3.3μm: evidence for dissociation of carriers in the starburst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Normand, P.; Rouan, D.; Lacombe, F.; Tiphene, D.

    1995-05-01

    We present subarcsecond infrared images in the 3.3μm PAH feature of M 82, the prototype of starburst galaxies. Observations were done using the Paris-Meudon Observatory CIRCUS IR Camera at the CFHT 3m60 telescope. The most interesting results derive from the map of line-to-continuum ratio (R=[3.3μm]/Cont) which exhibits very peculiar features: i) a strong anti-correlation, at large scale, with the continuum intensity, the line being practically lacking in the central lane where peaks the continuum emission, a clear indication of the destruction of the carrier of the line by some process associated to the starburst phenomenon; ii) the region where R is maximum is found essentially in an extended bow (540x240pc) south of the starburst region and coinciding tightly with the external part of the molecular disk traced by CO and HCN emission; iii) on smaller scales a rather complex and clumpy structure is found, both in the bow of enhanced R and at center, where almost total depletion of PAH (lowest value of R) is found in several bubbles, a few of them at location of strong radio SNR, and in a channel, north of the nucleus, that coincides rather precisely with the superwind direction. There is indication of two different regimes of depletion: a partial depletion and a quasi-complete depletion in the central lane around the nucleus. It is shown that the 3-4μm continuum emission cannot be explained by reddened starlight or by classical dust thermal emission, and is larger than predicted by models. The ratio R should give a fair estimate of the local 3.3μm line carrier abundance. Mechanisms of destruction and production of PAHs are investigated; in particular, we show that the two regimes of depletion may correspond to two different destructive processes: one, more efficient, that may correspond to electron bombardment in the SN dominated central region and one driven by UV photons in the molecular disk. For the later, we show that three competitive mechanisms are

  4. Ecological study of a wetland in Vercelli area. Bird community of 'palude di San Genuario' (Crescentino-Fontanetto Po); Studio ecologico di una zona umida del Vercellese. La comunita' ornitica della palude di S. Genuario (Crescentino-Fontanetto Po)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cellerino, A.; Rossi, G.L. [ENEA, Divisione Protezione dell' Uomo e degli Ecosistemi, Centro Ricerche Saluggia, Vercelli (Italy)

    2001-07-01

    The Palude di San Genuario, that includes an artificial wetland zone, has been declared a Community importance site according to Directive CEE n. 92/43 (Habitat), because of the rare bird species living in (as Botarus stellaris, Ardea purpurea, Circus aeruginosus). This research has the aim to improve the knowledge about natural characteristics, the ornithological community and the conservation degree of the area. The study has been carried out by the Sezione Componente Biotica dell'Ecosistema of the ENEA Research Center of Saluggia during 1996, 1997, 1998. It has been possible to describe the ornithological wintering and reproductive community, defining it in terms of diversity by the application of indices (Shannon-Weaver, Berger-Parker, Pielou, Simpson). Besides, the community has been analyzed by the calculation of the curves of relative abundance distribution verifying the consistency in respect to four theoretic models. Using Brichetti and Gariboldi's system of evaluation for the nesting species (based on italian species) and verifying the species considered by the Red List of italian birds, by the work of Tucker and Heath concerning the european species of conservation interest (1994) and by International Convention (Berna and Bonn) as well as European Directives (Birds Directive), it has been possible to point out that the most interesting species belong to wetlands habitats. In accordance with these results, some managerial hypothesis have been elaborated in order to preserve the area. [Italian] La palude di S. Genuario, che racchiude una zona umida di origine artificiale, e' stata individuata come sito di Importanza Comunitaria, ai sensi della Direttiva CEE n. 92/43 ({sup H}abitat{sup )}, per le specie avifaunistiche rare che ospita (Tarabuso, Airone rosso, Falco di palude). Questo studio ha lo scopo di costituire uno strumento conoscitivo riguardante le caratteristiche naturali, i popolamenti ornitici e lo stato di conservazione del sito

  5. Digital relief 3D model of the Khibiny massive (Kola peninsula)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chesalova, Elena; Asavin, Alex

    2015-04-01

    at the bottom and at the edge of the valley. Changing these parameters for different climatic seasons allows us to estimate the duration of the existence of gas in homogeneities in the aerial under soil and up soil layers. Complex ring structure site and manifestations of recent tectonic movements allow it to allocate more closed areas with different plant-land cover and different geomorphological features. In particular stand out - bogs, forest area on the slopes and riparian forest zone, the zone of mountain tundra and rocky plateau. Designated areas should be considered together with the full history of the evolution relief Khibin, processes of decrease glaciers and their occurrence. One of the results of the work performed is the allocation within the array of closed circuses, paleo-ice landforms drumlin and moraine ridges. These landforms represent the latest stage of the glacial history of glaciation on the Kola Peninsula and the Arctic coast. Estimated areal characteristics of different forms. In some cases it was possible to separate a sequence of glacial relief forms, which suggests staging a retreat of glaciers in the area. The project highlighted areas open mining apatite ores in Khibiny massif. Career located in the inner part of the massif form a closed area drain mine water pollution and wind. While the new career located on the border of the array and the forest zone characterized by a single watershed and accordingly included in the ecological life support cycle of residential villages and towns of Kirovsk and Apatity. This fact forces us to view mining activity as a powerful source of contamination. Designed GIS project thus can be used to solve a number of problems geomorphological orientation. In addition a number of application issues - the environment, paleoclimatology, geotectonic can be successfully addressed on the basis of the digital 3D model.

  6. Wire-mesh sensors: an experimental tool for two-phase CDF model development and code validation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    frequency is 2.5 kHz. In the meanwhile, a sensor of this kind has been constructed and successfully used in a hot steam-water flow at 70 bar and 286 deg. C. Experiments were carried out at a vertical test channel of 195 mm inner diameter, in which the distance between gas/steam injection and sensor can be varied in a wide range. Results will be presented. Some other prominent examples of the application of wire-mesh sensors will be given, like (1) the use of two wire-mesh sensors at the CIRCUS test facility of the University of Delft in the Netherlands for boiling water reactor stability studies, (2) the visualization of cavitation at fast-acting cut-off valves at the Pilot Plant Pipework test facility of Fraunhofer UMSICHT, Oberhausen, (3) the visualization of the flow structure behind a closing globe valve at TU Munich, and finally (4) mixing studies in single-phase flow at the ROCOM test facility in Rossendorf, which are aimed at the mixing of de-borated slugs during boron dilution transients. Results will be discussed on basis of animated data visualizations for all examples. The accuracy and the effect of the wire grids to the flow were investigated using a sensor built into a transparent channel. The comparison with the frames of a high-speed video camera have shown that the sensor acts as a bubble fragmenting obstacle. Nevertheless it was be proved, that the sensor signal represents the bubble geometry present in the upstream flow. (author)

  7. Micromammiferi dei piani carsici di Colfiorito (Perugia - Macerata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Gaggi

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available È stata condotta la prima indagine qualitativa sulla microteriofauna del Parco Regionale di Colfiorito (PG e dell?intero sistema dei piani carsici, che si sviluppano tra 750 e 800 m. s.l.m. sullo spartiacque appenninico umbro-marchigiano centro- meridionale. L?area di studio si estende per 5651,27 ha con un?escursione altitudinale da 750 a 1440 m s.l.m., interessando la palude omonima e alcuni territori limitrofi. Si è indagato nelle seguenti categorie ambientali: palude (fascia esterna, prato umido e torbiera, pascolo, bosco di latifoglie e zone antropizzate. Tra giugno 2000 e maggio 2001 sono state effettuate 16 uscite (4 per stagione, utilizzando i seguenti metodi: a trappolamento incruento, con trappole ed esche di vario tipo e successivo rilascio dei selvatici catturati, per 616 notti trappola, 38 catture, 6 specie: Clethrionomys glareolus, Microtus savii, Apodemus flavicollis, A. sylvaticus, Rattus norvegicus e Mus domesticus; b raccolta di boli. La mancata reperibilità di siti di Barbagianni Tyto alba e di Allocco Strix aluco ha portato a recuperare ed analizzare 65 borre di Albanella reale Circus cyaneus e 13 di Albanella minore C. pygargus, con il contenuto di microroditori rispettivamente del 77,3% e del 10%. In entrambe le diete è apparsa interessante la presenza di crani riferibili a Microtus cfr. subterraneus. Il metodo ha fornito, contemporaneamente, nuove informazioni sull?alimentazione di queste albanelle in Italia; c ricerca di resti di pasto, nidi e tane, impronte, carcasse. Ha accertato le specie Erinaceus europaeus e Sciurus vulgaris oltre al genere Talpa; d ricerca bibliografica, museografica e fotografica. Ha accertato Sorex minutus, S. samniticus, Neomys fodiens, Glis glis,

  8. Dos obras de Welton Becket (EE. UU.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Becket, Welton

    1974-02-01

    Full Text Available Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum. It is oval in shape and can house sports competitions and gymnastic events, musical productions, circuses and it can be used to show films as well as for expositions, meetings and conventions. From the plaza, entrance is achieved through a mirrored gallery circumscribing the building and that communicates with the interior corridor that sorrounds the court. It holds more than 11,000 people and there are telescopic platforms that unfold at court-level and portable chairs that increase this capacity to a total of 16,500. The building is covered by a steel frame, limited on the outside by a wide metallic cantilever. The whole system is supported by 32 large concrete columns, in U shape, that show on the exterior facade. The Coliseum has theatrical lighting and sound installations which adapt it to each of the different types of events the building can be used for. Under the adjacent plaza a large underground exhibition hall has been set up to serve the Coliseum. More than 5,000 m2 in area, this space can be subdivided by folding panels as needed. Bullock’s Shopping Center in Northridge. The main feature of this large department store is that it has been treated entirely as a stage for the various goods that are on display there. Moreover, its design has broken with the traditional box shape typical of this type of building, replacing it with a polyhedral volume for a more dynamic effect. Great importance has been given in this building to architectonic spaces as well as the lighting system and the decor. Thus, the different areas are given more or less importance by means of the various lighting effects, while the decoration and architectonic forms differentiate and limit the various display areas. A system of ornaments and mobile partitions gives the unit great flexibility thus permitting modifications as per the needs of each particular moment.Coliseo en memoria de los veteranos de Nassau. Es de forma oval, y

  9. L'aportació dels metges de Lleida a l'educació física catalana del segle XIX La aportación de los médicos de Lérida a la educación física catalana del siglo XIX The contribution of Lérida doctors to catalan physical education in the XIX century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Torrebadella Flix

    2013-04-01

    convirtieron en un referente para propagar los conocimientos y desarrollo de la educación física y los ejercicios gimnásticos. Estas aportaciones se inician a partir de la segunda mitad del siglo XIX con las principales manifestaciones profesionales y académicas de Luis Roca, Tomás Casals, Carlos Amat o Martina Castells. El impacto institucional y social en el ejercicio de la profesión de estos y otros médicos dio la vuelta a la percepción popular que se tenía en Lérida acerca de los ejercicios gimnásticos, con frecuencia considerados unas actividades arriesgadas propias de los de acróbatas de circo o bajo la influencia militar. Las intervenciones propagandísticas de estos médicos se convirtieron en los primeros referentes en la institucionalización oficial de la educación física escolar y pública de Lérida.In the first half of the 19th century in Lérida, (Spain doctors began to play a key role in the dissemination of knowledge and the development of physical education and gymnastic exercises. The first contributions were made through the main professional and academic results of Luis Roca, Tomás Casals, Carlos Amat and Martina Castells. The institutional and social impact of the work of these and other doctors changed the popular perception of gymnastic exercises in Lleida (Spain at the time, which were frequently considered risky activities carried out by circus acrobats or under military influence. The dissemination activities of these doctors became the first points of reference in the official institutionalization of school and public physical education in Lleida.

  10. U.S. Department Of Energy's nuclear engineering education research: highlights of recent and current research-II. 6. A Flashing Simulator for Natural Circulation Heated Systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    the comprehensive analysis of the flashing-related instabilities, which would otherwise require a separate user-developed code for each step. Preliminary simulations using the model show that it can capture the location of flashing in the experiments conducted on the Dodewaard reactor very well. As part of the international collaboration of this project, experiments are being conducted at the CIRCUS facility of the Kramers Laboratorium voor Fysische Technologie at the Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands (at no cost to DOE). Experiments are being performed covering a wide range of heat flux, flow rates, and subcooling. (authors)

  11. Vegan and vegetarianism as a life styleYaşam tarzı olarak vegan ve vejetaryenlik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Güzin Yasemin Tunçay Son

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Vegan and vegetarianism that becomes an increasing trend day by day is a life style and a life philosophy and a bioethical approach. The reason of choosing for being a vegan/ vegetarian differs according to people’s preferences. These may be; respecting for a living things’ life, taking an ethical position against exploitation of animals, reducing ecological damage, being healthy and religious purposes. Most people believe that the nature and animals just exist for the sake of them. Accordingly, people use and consume them with impunity. Human exploits animals to use them for different kinds of purposes he wishes. While some of them are cared and fed at home (like cats, dogs some of them are raised at farms for eating or to benefit from their products such as eggs and milk. There are also some other animals to be used for entertaining purposes in circuses or camel wrestling and bull fighting. There are also animals used for their abilities. A police dog can be given as an example. Police dogs are used for their powerful sense of smell that people have not. There have been some traditional practices that include some animals. Other two examples are turkeys being eaten at thanksgiving day and a ram decorated at the Festival of Sacrifice and sent to the fiancée‘s home. On the one hand it is observed that consuming meat of an animal has different meanings in terms of gender considerations. For example, eating meat is viewed as masculine behavior while eating vegetables is feminine. In addition, meat at advertisements is generally symbolized as a woman. These kinds of behaviors, attitudes, beliefs affect development of veganism/ vegetarianism positively or negatively. In this paper, veganism/vegetarianism is described as a life style. Özet Gün geçtikçe sayılarında artış olan vegan ve vejetaryenlik, bir yaşam tarzı, bir hayat felsefesi ve biyoetik bir yaklaşımdır. İnsanların vegan/vejetaryenliği seçme nedenleri farklılık g